Old Bailey Proceedings Online (www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 6.0, 24 October 2014), February 1913 (t19130204).

Old Bailey Proceedings, 4th February 1913.

FEBRUARY, 1913.

Vol. CLVIII.] [Part 941

CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT

Sessions Paper.

BURNETT, MAYOR.

FOURTH SESSION,

HELD FEB. 4TH, 1913, AND FOLLOWING DAYS.

MINUTES OF EVIDENCE,

TAKEN IN SHORTHAND BY

GEORGE WALPOLE & CO.,

Shorthand Writers to the Court.

POINTS OF LAW AND PRACTICE

EDITED BY

H. DELACOMBE ROOME, ESQUIRE,

OF THE MIDDLE TEMPLE

[Published by Annual Subscription.]

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THE

WHOLE PROCEEDINGS

On the King's Commission of

OYER AND TERMINER AND GAOL DELIVERY

FOR

The City of London,

AND GAOL DELIVERY FOR THE

COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX AND THE PARTS OF OTHER COUNTIES WITHIN THE JURISDICTION

OF THE

CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT,

Held on Tuesday, February 4th, 1913, and following days.

Before the Right Hon. Sir DAVID BURNETT , Knight, LORD MAYOR of the said City of London; the Hon. Sir EDWARD RIDLEY , Knight, and the Hon. Sir HORACE AVORY , Knight, two of the Justices of His Majesty's High Court; Sir WALTER WILKIN , K.C.M.G.; Sir W. VAUGHAN MORGAN , Bart.; Sir JOHN KNILL , Bart.; Sir CHARLES CHEERS WAKEFIELD, Knight; Sir HORACE BROOKS MARSHALL , Knight, LL.D.; and EDWARD CECIL MOORE , Esq., Aldermen of the said City; Sir FORREST FULTON , Knight, K.C., Recorder of the said City; Sir FK. ALBERT BOSANQUET, KNIGHT, K.C., Common Serjeant of the said City; and His Honour Judge RENTOUL, K.C., Commissioner; His Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.

EDWARD ERNEST COOPER , Esq., Alderman,

ALFRED LOUIS BOWER , Esq.,

Sheriffs

JOSEPH DAVID LANGTON , Esq.,

E. V. HUXTABLE. Esq.

Under-Sheriffs.

1913.

CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT

BURNETT, MAYOR. FOURTH SESSION.

LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES.

BEFORE THE RECORDER.

(Tuesday, February 4.)

MUMMERY, Thora (19, servant), who pleaded guilty last Session (see page 226) of larceny, was brought up for judgment.

Prisoner was released on her own recognisances in £20 to come up for judgment if called upon.

HILTON, Clara Jane (65, no occupation), who pleaded guilty last Session (see page 224) of forgery, etc., was brought up for judgment.

Mr. Travers Humphreys prosecuted; Mr. Beaumont Morice appeared for prisoner.

Sentence: On each indictment, Eight months' imprisonment, second division (to run concurrently).

HALL, Harold (22, soldier), who pleaded guilty last Session (see page 207) of forgery and larceny, was brought up for judgment.

It being stated that employment would be found for prisoner by his friends if he were released, he was released on his own recognisances in £100, with one surety in £100, to come up for judgment if called upon.

SUMNERS, Rose (23, servant), who pleaded guilty last Session (see page 207) of forgery, larceny, and receiving, was brought up for judgment.

Sentence: Six months' imprisonment, second division, in respect of each offence (to run concurrently), to date from January 7.

SMITH, George (62, tailor), pleaded guilty of breaking and entering the counting-house of Hargreaves and Sons, Limited, with intent to steal therein.

Mr. Fleming prosecuted.

Prisoner confessed to having been convicted of felony, at London Sessions, on June 30, 1908, in the name of Albert Smith. Several other convictions were proved.

Sentence: Three years' penal servitude.

LAKE, Herbert (23, labourer), pleaded guilty of on December 20, 1912, stealing a postal packet and 15s. 2d., the property of His Majesty's Postmaster-General, he being an officer of the Post Office; on December 23, 1912, stealing a postal packet and 5s., the property of His Majesty's Postmaster-General, he being an officer of the Post Office.

Mr. Forster Boulton prosecuted.

Sentence: Nine months' hard labour on each indictment, to run concurrently.

SMITH, James (32, bookbinder), pleaded guilty of stealing a watch and chain, the goods of Horace Wood, from his person.

Mr. Roland Oliver prosecuted.

Prisoner confessed to having been convicted on November 7, 1911 at London Sessions, in the name of John Steele, of warehouse-breaking; eight other convictions were proved. Prisoner had served nine years in the Army and left with a good character.

Sentence: Twelve months' hard labour.

PAVONE, Joseph (17, no occupation), pleaded guilty of forging and uttering, knowing the same to be forged, an order for the payment of £15, with intent to defraud; obtaining by false pretences from Emilie Golding £5, with intent to defraud.

Sentence: Nine months imprisonment, second division, on each indictment, to run concurrently; prisoner recommended for expulsion under Aliens Act, 1905.

PEARMAN, Georgina Florence (33), and ALLEN, Alfred (39, caretaker), pleaded guilty of (Pearman) feloniously marrying Alfred Allen, her former husband being then alive; (Allen) feloniously aiding and abetting G. F. Pearson to commit the said felony.

Prisoners were released on their own recognisances, each in £5, to come up for judgment if called upon.

DAVIS, Albert (39, shoemaker) , forging and uttering, knowing the same to be forged, an order for the payment of £20, with intent to defraud; feloniously demanding and obtaining one watch and other articles, the property of William Battersby, under upon and by virtue of a forged instrument, with intent to defraud;feloniously demanding and obtaining one watch and other articles, the property of Percy Thomas Davison, under upon and by virtue of a forged instrument with intent to defraud; forging and uttering, knowing the same to be forged, an order for the payment of £25, with intent to defraud.

Prisoner was tried on the first indictment.

Mr. Forster Boulton prosecuted.

PATTINSON, BASLIE LESLIE TILTON , of Peterborough. In December last I advertised in the "Motor Cycle" for a motor cycle. In reply I received a letter signed "T. G. Thomson." I purchased from the Peterborough Post Office a money order for £20, and I sent that to "T. G. Thomson," 224a, Shaftesbury Avenue. Not receiving the motor cycle, I stopped payment of the money order. Exhibit 6 is the

money order; it has my name and address; it is not my handwriting, nor did I authorise anybody to sign it for me.

ISAAC GOLDFAR , tobacconist, 224a, Shaftesbury Avenue, said that he arranged with prisoner to take in letters for him in the name of T. G. Thomson. About the middle of December a number of letters arriving through the post, were handed to prisoner.

JOHN SPENCER , clerk at Peterborough Post Office, proved the issue of the money order.

(Wednesday, February 5.)

CHARLES HENRY ROGERS , warder, Brixton Prison. I know prisoner's handwriting. I supplied prisoner with note paper and received this letter from him after he had written it. I saw him writing it. I think Exhibits 9 and 12 are in the same handwriting.

WILLIAM BATTERSBY , pawnbroker, 80, Newgate Street. I received Exhibit 12, purporting to come from B. L. T. Pattinson, 48, Linden Road, Peterborough. I gave it to my son to attend to. I noticed that the money order enclosed was payable seven days after date. When it was presented at Oxford Street they told me it was stopped. It was sent to me in payment for goods supplied. I did not sent or authorise to be sent the telegram, Exhibit 14.

ERNEST BATTERSBY . My father gave me a letter, Exhibit 12. Acting on instructions I sent off a parcel containing articles of jewellery to 2, Princes Street, Oxford, by passenger train on December 16. Among the articles I dispatched was Exhibit 7, a wallet, a silver watch, and an umbrella (Exhibit 2).

MARY JANE TEW , 2, Princes Street, Oxford. I take in lodgers. I received a telegram and sent it back to the post office the same evening. It read: "Manager, 2, Princes Street, Oxford. Reserve bed; arrive four to-night.—Arthur Pattinson." Next morning prisoner called and asked if I had received a telegram. I told him I had returned it as I thought it was not for me. He asked if his luggage had come. I said it had not. He said it would come, and gave me 9d. to pay for it. A railway man brought a box, sealed and insured. When prisoner came back he undid the box in the passage. It contained an umbrella and four packages. I did not see what was in them. I told him I had not got a room. He took away the things.

Detective WILLIAM ROBERTS , A Division. The two telegrams (Exhibits 14 and 15) in my opinion are in the same handwriting. I think Exhibit 10 is in the same handwriting; it is not in the handwriting of the gentleman who sent the money order.

HARRY ELLIOT , assistant to Walter Davis, pawnbroker, 40, St. Martin's Lane. On January 1 I received a watch bracelet by post. The sender was Frederick James Palmer, 60, King's Road, Reading. I advanced £4 9s. upon it. I also advanced £5 upon Exhibit 17, a gold watch, which came from Lawrence Thompson, The Hut, Weybridge.

WILLIAM BATTERSBY , recalled. The watch and bracelets (Exhibits 16 and 17), are part of the goods I sent to Oxford.

Detective SIDNEY HARRIS . On January 4 I saw prisoner enter No. 30, Crawford Street, Bishopsgate, a small shop, where he received a letter (Exhibit 1). I told him I was a police officer, and should arrest him on a warrant for obtaining jewellery valued at £20 by fraud from Messrs. Battersby's on December 16. I also told him there would be other cases. He said, "What the hell do you mean by this?" I took him to Snow Hill Police Station. He had an umbrella in his hand. That has been identified as Mrs. Battersby's.

Detective-sergeant SAMUEL CROCKER . I saw prisoner searched on January 4. In his possession was that wallet and a number of other articles. I was with Detective-inspector Hine. I told prisoner he would be put up for identification by a witness from 224, Shaftesbury Avenue, who would pick him out as a man calling for letters in the name of Thompson. He said, "What can I say in the face of that?" pointing to the property lying on the table in front of him, "I will give you all the assistance I can to recover the property. The umbrella and wallet are from Battersby's, and I am Thompson. You need not bring anybody to identify me. I used the Shaftesbury Avenue address in the name of Thompson, also Crawford Street, and 10, Branford Street. I shall plead guilty. I am sorry for what I have done. I have tried to get work, but could not, and it is because I was nearly starving I committed this offence." I told him there would probably be two other charges of a similar nature. He said, "I admit those two as well. I sent a telegram to the station master at Oxford, giving the name of Battersby, also one to the manager, 2, Princes Street, Oxford, in the name of Pattinson, and pledged for £4 9s. the watch bracelet from Battersby's with Davis, 40, St. Martin's Lane, in the name of Palmer, on December 31, 1912. The other watch from Battersby's I pledged for £5 at the same firm on December 30 in the name of Lawrence Thompson, Weybridge. That is the receipt." Two receipts were lying on the table. "The gold and silver Albert and match-box I pledged at King's Road, Reading, for 14s. on December 17 or 18 in the name of R. Read."

ALBERT DAVIS (prisoner, not on oath). The charge alleged against me is forgery, and there has been no forgery committed. The goods I did obtain, but with no criminal intent as the indictment alleges, for the simple reason that none of the articles left my possession. I committed this crime with the intention to bring before the Public Prosecutor the various troubles I have had to undergo in the past. I have prevented crime and been arrested for a crime that arose from the prevention of crime. Amongst the many millions that constitute our mighty Empire how many can you find that would give up their employment and spend all their money to prevent crime. I can get no redress. I should not be standing in the prisoner's dock. I am public benefactor.

Verdict, Guilty.

Prisoner confessed to a previous conviction. Other convictions were proved.

Sentence: Six years' penal servitude.

BEFORE THE COMMON SERJEANT.

(Tuesday, February 4.)

KING, George (61, dealer), pleaded guilty of unlawfully possessing counterfeit coin, with intent to utter same, and unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.

Twelve previous convictions were proved, commencing June 16, 1878, including five, six, five, and seven years' penal servitude. Prisoner was liberated on June 21 1912, with a remanet expiring July 24 1914.

Sentence: Twelve months' hard labour.

GODSELL George (61, horsekeeper), and STEVENS, Alfred (41, hawker), both unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin twice on the same day; both feloniously uttering counterfeit coin.

Mr. Holford Knight prosecuted.

Prisoners were tried on the second indictment.

HARRY NAPPER , barman, "Oxford Arms," Church Street, Deptford. On January 23 at 11 a.m. Stevens entered the saloon bar, Godsell entering the public bar. Stevens called for a drink, handed me bad florin (produced); I gave him in change one shilling, a sixpence, and four pence. Godsell paid 1d. for a drink. Prisoners remained four or five minutes. I tested the florin, found it bad, and spoke to my father, who is the licensee. Prisoners had then left.

WILLIAM GEORGE NAPPER , licensee, "Oxford Arms," corroborated. When prisoners left I went to the door and saw them talking together about 20 yards off. I spoke to the constable, we followed them and saw them enter another public-house, where I spoke to the landlady. They were then given into custody.

MARIA HARROLD , wife of George Harrold, licensee, "Plume of Feathers," Deptford Green. On January 23 Godsell came into my public bar, Stevens entering the saloon bar, called for a burton and bitter (2d.), tendering florin (produced); I gave him one shilling, sixpence, and four pennies in change, and put the florin on the shelf of the till. Shortly afterwards last witness came in and made a communication to me. I then tested the coin and found it bad. I handed it to a detective.

Police-constable WILLIAM BALL , 254 R. On January 23 at 11.20 W. G. Napper pointed out prisoners to me in Church Street, Deptford. We followed them. They entered a urinal; then Godsell entered the public bar of the "Plume of Feathers," followed by Napper: Stevens went into the saloon bar. Mrs. Harrold showed me bad florin (produced). I took the prisoners into custody. Godsell said, "I shall go quiet." Stevens said, "All right, I won't give you any trouble." They were searched. Ten shillings, 11 sixpences, and 3s. 4d. in bronze were found on them.

Detective ANGUS ROMFORD , R Division. On January 23 at 12.30 p.m. I went to the "Plume of Feathers," where Mrs. Harrold handed me coin (produced).

SIDNEY WILLIAM SMITH , Assistant Assayer, H.M. Mint. Two florins (produced) are counterfeit, both made from the same mould.

Verdict (both), Guilty. The other indictment was not proceeded with.

Godsell confessed to having been convicted at this Court on March 19, 1912, of uttering. Five other convictions, commencing January 13, 1896, for coining offences, including four years' penal servitude, were proved. Stevens confessed to having been convicted at this Court on January 7, 1908, of possession of a mould. Four other convictions of coining, commencing December 12, 1896, were proved.

Sentences (each): Five years' penal servitude.

ROUSE, Robert (40, milkman), pleaded guilty of feloniously marrying Clara Edith Monteith, his former wife being then alive.

Sentence: One day's imprisonment.

YOUNG, Albert Edward (29, joiner), pleaded guilty of stealing one watch and other articles, the goods of Dora Staplee Firth.

Prisoner confessed to having been convicted at this Court, on March 8, 1910, in the name of Albert Edwin Young.

Prisoner was also indicted as a habitual criminal. The Common Serjeant said he did not think anything would be gained by trying that charge; the prisoner had, when arrested, given some assistance to the police in recovering the property.

Sentence: Eighteen months' hard labour.

BEFORE MR. JUSTICE RIDLEY.

(Wednesday, February 5.)

PARKES, Isaac (42, labourer), was indicted for the wilful murder of Lily Pease; he was also charged on coroner's inquisition with the like offence, deceased being described as Lilian Rose Caroline Pease.

Prisoner was tried at last Session (see page 276), when the jury returned a verdict which was not accepted by the learned judge.

Prisoner now pleaded "guilty of killing the woman, but with no intention."Mr. Justice Ridley directed this to be entered as a verdict of Guilty of manslaughter.

Mr. Muir and Mr. Travers Humphreys prosecuted; Mr. St. John Hutchinson appeared for prisoner.

Sentence: Fourteen years' penal servitude.

COLLINS, Percy William (24, no occupation) , on December 11, 1912, feloniously sending to and causing to be received by Lillah Granville Barker, otherwise known as Lillah McCarthy, knowing the contents thereof, a certain letter demanding with menaces and without reasonable or probable cause certain money, and uttering said letter; feloniously sending to His Majesty King George the Fifth, knowing the contents thereof, a certain letter demanding with menaces and without reasonable or probable cause certain money, and uttering said letter; on December 13, 1912,feloniously sending to Lillah Granville Barker, otherwise known as Lillah McCarthy, knowing the contents thereof, a certain letter demanding with menaces and without reasonable or probable cause certain money, and uttering said letter.

Prisoner pleaded "Not guilty," adding, "Now is the time and now is the hour; in the coming combat He will succour."

Mr. Muir and Mr. Adrian Clark prosecuted.

Prisoner was tried on the first indictment.

Mrs. LILLAH GRANVILLE BARKER (known on the stage as Miss Lillah McCarthy) gave evidence as to the receipt of the incriminating letter.

Evidence was called to identify the paper on which the letter was written.

HAROLD ANDREW KIDD , medical superintendent of the West Sussex Mental Hospital, Horsham. Prisoner was in my hospital from October 16, 1907, to September 27, 1908; when discharged he was sane. The day before yesterday I saw prisoner at Brixton Prison in company with Dr. Dyer. I came to the conclusion that he was in a condition of mind to know the nature of the acts which he did but not to know their quality. I think he is weak, defective, and of unsound mind.

JANE ELIZA COLLINS , prisoner's mother, deposed to receiving a number of letters from prisoner, all incoherent, mostly referring to to his treatment at the Horsham Mental Hospital.

SIDNEY REGINALD DYER , medical officer, Brixton Prison. I have had prisoner under special observation since January 28. My opinion is that on December 11-13 he was suffering from mental disease, and was not capable of understanding the nature or the quality of his acts.

Prisoner, called upon for his defence, went into the witness box and made a long, rambling statement.

Verdict, Guilty, but insane at the time of commission of offence. The other indictments were not proceeded with.

Prisoner was directed to be detained until His Majesty's pleasure be known.

HEATH, William (24, stoker) , feloniously attempting to murder Edith Ellen Croft; unlawfully assaulting Edith Ellen Croft, with intent to murder her, and common assault upon her.

Mr. Purcell and Mr. St. John Hutchinson prosecuted.

EDITH ELLEN CROFT . I live with my mother at 33, St. George's Road, Edmonton. I knew prisoner in October and walked out with him till just after Christmas when I told him I did not wish to keep company with him. On January 23 about 7.30 p.m. prisoner came to my home; he, me, my mother, Florrie Saunders, and William Heath went to the pictures; later we went to the "Crown and Horseshoe." Then prisoner walked home with me. He said, "Do you intend to go with me?" I said, "No." He pulled out a knife and attacked me, and I fell down.

Mrs. MARY ANN CROFT , mother of prosecutrix, and FLORENCE SAUNDERS corroborated.

Police-constable SIDNEY SIBLEY , 504 N. On this evening I was on duty in plain clothes, when I saw prisoner catch hold of prosecutrix by the throat; he had a knife in his hand, in the attitude of stabbing; she fell to the ground; he was about to stab her again when I seized his wrist. He was taken into custody. When charged he made no reply. He was perfectly sober.

Police-constable WILLIAM SMALL , who assisted last witness, corroborated; adding that prisoner on the way to the station said, "I mean to do her in."

MARY HALL , 92, Fore Street, Edmonton. On January 22 I sold prisoner the knife (produced).

Detective-sergeant THOMAS HOWARD deposed that prisoner had admitted purchasing the knife from last witness.

(Defence.)

WILLIAM HEATH (prisoner, on oath) said that he had no intention of harming prosecutrix; he had been drinking heavily and remembered nothing from leaving the "Crown and Horseshoe" until being at the police station.

Verdict, Guilty of attempt to murder.

Prisoner had been five years in the Navy and bore a good character.

Sentence: Six months' hard labour.

NAYLOR, Frederick James (51, notary), pleaded guilty of putting forward as true certain false declarations on applications for passports.

Mr. Bodkin prosecuted; Mr. Travers Humphreys appeared for prisoner.

This case was similar to those of R. v. Edwards (Vol. CLV., 510) and R. v. Benson (present vol., 206). Prisoner was admitted to be a man of high position and integrity, well known and respected in the City of London, and the prosecution did not put the case higher than that prisoner had signed the declarations out of foolish good nature.

Prisoner was released on his own recognisances in £50 to come up for judgment if called upon.

Before THE RECORDER.

(Wednesday, February 5.)

GRAY, Francis Charles, (36, clerk), pleaded guilty of forging and uttering, knowing the same to be forged, a receipt for 10 $1,000 Four per cent. First Mortgage Bonds of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company, with intent to defraud; obtaining by false pretences from John William Deslandes and from Dennistoun Cross and Company, 10 $1,000 Four per cent. First Mortgage Bonds of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company, with intent to defraud.

Sentence: Eighteen months' hard labour on each indictment, to run concurrently.

DAY, Henry John (19, labourer), pleaded guilty of breaking and entering the dwelling-house of Frederick Smith, and stealing therein one clock, one overcoat, and other articles, his goods.

Prisoner confessed to having been convicted at Middlesex Sessions on April 13, 1912, of felony.

Sentence: Twenty-two months' hard labour.

PEARCE, John William (19, labourer), SPARROW, Albert Ernest (18, labourer), GRIFFITHS, Henry (17, labourer), and PAYNE, James (17, labourer), all pleaded guilty of breaking and entering the warehouse of Frederick Dewsbury and stealing therein one cheque-book and pass-book, his goods, and feloniously receiving same, all forging and uttering, knowing the same to have been forged, an order for payment of £5, with intent to defraud. Mr. Hewitt prosecuted.

Sparrow confessed to having been convicted at North London Police Court, on July 27, 1912, in the name of Albert Sparrow, of felony.

Sentence: Sparrow, three years' detention in a Borstal Institution. Sentence on the other prisoners was postponed to next session.

BURGESS, Arthur William (23, labourer), pleaded guilty of breaking and entering a certain place of Divine Worship, to wit, the Salvation Army Citadel, and stealing therein 1 harmonium, the property of William Thomas Estell and others; breaking and entering a place of Divine Worship, to wit, the Salvation Army Citadel, and stealing therein 1 tunic and 1 cap, the property of Randall Herbert Glatrell.

Prisoner confessed to having been convicted at Middlesex Sessions, on June 4, 1910, in the name of Arthur William Burdge, of felony, and other convictions were proved.

Sentence: Three years' penal servitude on each indictment, to run concurrently.

JAMES, Margaret, pleaded guilty of unlawfully and maliciously damaging divers glass windows, the property of A. W. Gamage, Limited, to an amount exceeding £5.

Sentence: Six months' imprisonment, second division.

GIBBS, William George (29, engineer) , forging and uttering, knowing the same to be forged, an authority for the payment of £9 9s., with intent to defraud; stealing £14 10s., the moneys of George Laceby, his master; forging and uttering, knowing the same to be forged, an authority for the payment of £9 18s., with intent to defraud.

Mr. Forster Boulton prosecuted.

Prisoner was tried on the first indictment.

BEATRICE TIDY , assistant at the Post Office, 575, High Road, Chiswick. On January 7 prisoner came into the office. He produced a post office savings bank book and warrant (Exhibits 1 and 2). I noticed that an alteration had been made on the warrant, and communicated with the sub-postmaster.

ALBERT SHOTTER , sub-postmaster, 575, High Road, Chiswick. About 4.15 p.m. on January 7 last witness made a communication to me. I examined the warrant, and said to prisoner, "We cannot give you this money just now; would it be convenient for you to call tomorrow?" He said, "I must have the money now." I said, "We have not sufficient money." He asked for his bank-book and the warrant. I said we should prefer to keep them. He said he would call again to-morrow. He then made towards the door. I said, "You must wait till we have made further inquiries regarding this account." He stepped out on to the pavement where a motor-bicycle was standing. I could see he intended mounting the machine. I got hold of the under part of the saddle and told him I should detain him on suspicion. He struck me a blow on the left shoulder with his fist. He set the engine going, put his foot on the left pedal, and endeavoured to mount. The motor shot out and got about 15 yards. I got hold of the handle-bar and threw the machine over. I went down with the machine, and called out, "Stop him." I pursued him as soon as I could get up. Several people heard me calling, and tried to intercept him. A constable came up eventually and took him to the police station at Chiswick.

Police-constable ROBERT CONROY, 44 TR. With the assistance of another officer I took prisoner to the police station. Prisoner made a statement.

THOMAS WILLIAM HOWELL , assistant clerk, Savings' Bank Department, G.P.O. In the course of my duties I received Exhibit 4, a notice of withdrawal for £1 1s. I then prepared Exhibit 2, which was a warrant for the payment of £1 1s. at Merton High Street. It has been altered to Chiswick, and the amount has been altered to £9 9s.

Detective PERCY WHITE , A Division, attached to the G.P.O. I saw prisoner at Chiswick Police Station, and told him it would be necessary for him to go with me to the G.P.O. I there cautioned him, and showed him the deposit book and warrant. I said, "To-day you presented this deposit-book and savings' bank warrant at 575, High Road, Chiswick, and made application to withdraw £9 9s. Do you wish to say anything about it?" Prisoner said, "Yes. I made application to withdraw what was on the warrant." I said, "The deposit-book appears to have a false entry made in it, also a false stamp impression. Do you wish to say anything about it?" He said, "No, but I wish to admit I made the entry in the book and altered the warrant."

Verdict, Guilty. The other indictments were not proceeded with.

Prisoner confessed to having been convicted at this court on April 20, 1909, in the name of Samuel Edward Danson, of felony, and other convictions were proved.

Sentence: Five years' penal servitude.

BEFORE THE COMMON SERJEANT.

(Wednesday, February 5.)

EVERETT, Clara, otherwise Moss (25) , unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin twice on the same day; feloniously uttering counterfeit coin.

Mr. Beaumont Morice prosecuted.

GEORGE BETTELS , barman, "William IV." public-house, Blackfriars Road. On January 8 between 11 and 11.30 p.m. prisoner came in, accompanied by another female, and called for two drinks, price 3d., for which she tendered counterfeit florin (produced); I handed it to Mrs. Allingham, the wife of the licensee, who told prisoner it was bad and asked her if she had any more. Prisoner said, "Yes, a lot." The women then drank the beer and went out.

Cross-examined by prisoner. The woman who was with you went out first, while you stayed behind drinking your beer. The other woman then came in again, and you both went out together.

ALFRED ALLINGHAM , licensee, "William IV." public-house, Blackfriars Road, corroborated. I said to prisoner, "Will you pay for these drinks?" She said, "No." I said, "Have you any more like this?" She said, "A lot." I went out to get a policeman. As I went out I noticed a man by the window beckoning to prisoner to come out; he struck me. Prisoner attempted to get out of the bar; I pushed her back and held the door, but she succeeded in getting out and attempted to board a tramcar. Then a policeman came along and arrested prisoner. The man and the other woman got away.

ELIZA YOUNG . I keep a fried-fish ship at No. 16, Friars Street, Blackfriars. On January 8 at about 11 p.m. prisoner came into my shop and asked for 4d. of fish and 1/2 d. worth of potatoes; she asked me to serve her very quickly as her husband had had a drop of drink. As prisoner seemed very nervous I did serve her quickly. In payment she gave me 2s. piece (produced), for which I gave her 1s. 7 1/2 d. change. Prisoner then flew off. I put the coin in the till; it was the only coin I had in the till. About five minutes afterwards I saw prisoner being taken to the station by a policeman. I followed to the station and showed the coin, which I found to be bad, to the inspector. I was present when prisoner was charged; she made no reply.

To prisoner. You were accompanied by another woman. I could not say whether you handed her the change which you received from me. You had some more money in your hand and you dropped it on the ground. I said you ought to be more careful with your money.

Police-constable FRANK MARSH , 419 M. On January 8 at about 11.15 in Blackfriars Road I saw prisoner struggling with Mr. Allingham to get on to a tramcar. Allingham said, "I wish to give this woman into custody for giving me this bad 2s. piece," producing 2s. piece. I took prisoner into custody; she said, "I do not know what is the matter with him, here is my purse," handing me purse (produced). On the way to the station she said, "I did not know they could charge you with having one in your possession." At the station Eliza Young said in the presence of the prisoner, "This is the woman who came into my shop and bought four penny pieces of fish." Prisoner said, "That is quite right." When charged, and asked if she understood the charge, prisoner said, "I suppose I do not understand it." When searched 10s. in gold, 1s. 6d. in silver, three halfpennies, and three farthings were found on her.

To prisoner. At the station you said that the 6d. and three farthings were your little girl's money, and that the shilling was the change you received from Eliza Young.

SIDNEY WILLIAM SMITH , Assistant Assayer, H.M. Mint. The two florins (produced) are both counterfeit and both made from the same pattern piece.

CLARA EVERETT (prisoner, not on oath). On this day I met this person. She had lived with me some years ago, and we went and had one or two drinks; she treated me two or three times to some Port wine. She then met a young man, who she said was her husband. He gave her a 2s. piece; she gave it to me and asked me if I would have some fish. They were fighting and rowing. We went into the public-house. I did not struggle; I was not in a fit condition to struggle. I did not run into the tram. That is all I can say.

Verdict. Not guilty.

LEAMON, Robert (60, clerk in Holy Orders), pleaded guilty of unlawfully and maliciously publishing certain defamatory libels of and concerning Douglas Earle Marsh.

Mr. W. W. Grantham, appearing for the prisoner, stated that prisoner had suffered from very bad health, and he attributed these libels to disorder of the mind; prisoner had done splendid work as a clergyman in the Church of England; he unreservedly withdrew the charges of fraud which he had made against prosecutor.

The Common Serjeant, in passing sentence, said that prisoner had pleaded guilty to atrocious libels, attacking a man with various charges, which he admitted were absolutely false, and endeavouring to take away his character; there was no doubt that he had committed this offence for the purpose of compelling prosecutor to pay blackmail. It was impossible to pass over such conduct.

Sentence: Three months' imprisonment, second division.

LAWS, John (24, carman) , obtaining by false pretences from James Henry Nurse and Kurt Ackenhausen and others, carrying on business as Ackenhausen and Company, 1 bale of tapestry and other articles, with intent to defraud.

Mr. E. C. P. Boyd prosecuted.

JAMES HENRY NURSE , packer and porter to Ackenhausen and Co., 7 and 8, Old Bailey, E.C., general merchant. Prisoner was employed as carman by Eugen Kammer and Co., our forwarding agents. On December 19, 1912, I had done up three bales of goods to be despatched by Kammer to Germany. At 5 p.m. I handed these goods over to prisoner, who came with a cart for them. He signed consignment note for them (produced). For comparison of handwriting I produce other consignment notes which he had signed before.

HENRY HILL , foreman to Robert Brooke and Co., 7 and 9, Rose Lane, Ratcliffe, carmen and contractors to Eugen Kammer and Co. Prisoner has been employed by my firm as carman to collect goods from Ackenhausen. He left our employment about December 7, and came back into our employment on January 10, 1913. Between those dates he had no authority to collect goods for us. We did not receive three bales of goods mentioned on consignment note dated December 19.

WALTER HENRY OTLINGLASS , director of Eugen Kammer and Co., 43 and 45, Great Tower Street, forwarding agents. Robert Brooke and Co. are our sole carriers. On December 19 prisoner had no authority to collect goods for us.

Detective-sergeant FREDERICK WISE , City Police. On January 14 I saw prisoner at Brooke's stables at Stepney. I said to him, "Is your name Laws?" He said, "Yes." I told him I was a police officer and held a warrant for his arrest for obtaining by means of false pretences on December 19 three bales of goods valued at £20 3s. 6d., the property of Messrs. Ackenhausen and Co., 7 and 8, Old Bailey. The prisoner replied, "Not me, sir; I have not been there for a month. The last time I was there I collected two bales as the book will show." I then conveyed him to Bridewell Police Station. When charged prisoner said, "All right, sir, I know that I have not had them."

Prisoner's statement before the magistrate: "The only time I went there was when I went to get the two bales."

(Defence.)

JOHN LAWS (prisoner, on oath). I was not at Ackenhausen and Co.'s on December 19.

Cross-examined. On several occasions I have received goods from Nurse; I should be well known to him. He made a great mistake in saying I collected the goods on December 19. I signed all the consignment notes (produced) except the one dated December 19. I know nothing about these bales. I was having a holiday on December 9. I took my mother's bags up to Spitalfields Market with the barrow. My mother is a sack-maker. I was not doing any carting that day.

MARY ANN LAWS , prisoner's mother. I make potato bags for Spitalfields Market. When my son was out of work he used to go out at 6 a.m. and return home at 8 a.m., taking my bags to Spitalfields Market. He never used to go out at any other time; he used to stay at home helping me making bags.

Cross-examined. I do not go out myself more than 10 minutes in the day. My son used to go out to look for work.

Verdict, Guilty.

The police gave prisoner a very good character.

The Common Serjeant postponed sentence for a short time in order that prisoner might have an opportunity of giving information to the police as to any accomplice.

Detective-sergeant Wise stated that he had seen prisoner in the cells, but prisoner had said he had no information to give.

Sentence: Five months' hard labour.

GILL, William (23, steward) , forging and uttering, knowing the same to be forged, an order for £50 12s., with intent to defraud; stealing a postal packet in course of transmission by post, the property of His Majesty's Postmaster-General.

On the first indictment prisoner pleaded guilty of uttering, and this plea was accepted. The second indictment was not proceeded with.

Prisoner confessed to having been convicted at Guildhall, Westminster, on July 2, 1910, in the name of George Hayes, of burglary, and other convictions were proved.

Sentence: Five years' penal servitude.

SUMNER, Frederick Thomas (22, valet) , committing wilful and corrupt perjury; being a male person, unlawfully and knowingly living wholly and in part on the earnings of prostitution.

Prisoner pleaded guilty of committing perjury, and of living in part on the earnings of prostitution.

The police gave prisoner a good character.

Sentence: Six months' hard labour upon each indictment, to run concurrently.

BEFORE JUDGE RENTOUL.

(Wednesday, February 5.)

FIELD, Rupert James (46, traveller), pleaded guilty of unlawfully making for the purpose of being inserted in a Register of Marriages a certain false statement as to a particular required by law to be known and registered relating to a proposed marriage.

Sentence: Two days' imprisonment.

APOSTOLL, Demetros (45, hair dresser), who was charged at last Sessions (see page 319) with feloniously shooting, on which occasion the jury disagreed, was again brought up.

Prisoner now pleaded guilty of attempting to commit suicide; he was not tried on the other indictments.

Sentence:Six months' imprisonment, second division; recommended for expulsion under Aliens Act. 1905.

SMITH, William (36, painter) , obtaining by false pretences from Claude Johnstone two orders for the payment of £1 each and £2 in money, from Reginald Merryshaw two orders for the payment of £1 each and £2 in money, from Wilfred Robert Reeve an order for the payment of 11s. and 11s. in money, and from Sydney Woodroffe an order for the payment of 13s. and 13s. in money in each case with intent to defraud.

Mr. F. Watt and Mr. G. Tully-Christie prosecuted; Mr. Schultess Young defended.

ALEXANDER NOTMAN , clerk in the employ of the "Feathered World." In April last we received by post an advertisement for insertion in the paper advertising a bicycle for sale for £2, letters to be sent to "Hunt, c/o. Lewis, 12b, Grand Parade, Muswell Hill."

CLAUDE JOHNSTON , 15, St. Thomas Road, Birmingham. I saw an advertisement in the "Feathered World" offering a bicycle for sale, and I wrote to the address given. I received the reply (produced), and I sent £2 in postal orders on April 10 last. I received a postcard on April 11 saying the bicycle was to be sent, but I did not receive it. I wrote letters to the same address, but they were returned through the Dead Letter Office.

JANE LEWIS , confectioner, 2, Grand Parade, Muswell Hill. In April last a man came to my place and arranged for letters to be sent to me in the name of Hunt. About two dozen letters came in the course of about 10 days. I identify prisoner as the man who came to me.

Detective-inspector ALBERT SCHOLES . I saw prisoner on December 2 at Wood Green Petty Sessional Court. I told him he would be put up for identification as a man having received letters containing postal orders in the name of Hunt, at Muswell Hill, and also in the name of Wise, at 41, Elthorne Road. Miss Lewis identified him. At the police station he said, "I shall want you to make some inquiries for me. The persons who picked me out this morning were correct. I admit having called at their places for letters, but I did it for another man, named Wilson, who used to live at Galsworthy Road, Tottenham, but I do not know the number. He is known by the name of Frank Fox. He is rather a shady character and always on the bust, and goes in for playing billiards with the swells. I used to meet him at the "Bull" public-house, Tottenham. I hope you will be able to find him, for my sake. I asked him why he used so many different names. He said he used different names because he dabbles in all kinds of things. He was often outside the shops when I called for the letters, and no doubt some of the people will remember seeing him with me." He wrote me down several addresses, and I made inquiries. The exhibits (produced) are, in my opinion, in prisoner's handwriting.

Cross-examined. Prisoner made the statement quite of his own accord. So far as I know he has been a man of respectable character hitherto.

WILLIAM HARRIS HAMMOND , sorter in the Post Office, produced the postal orders which had been sent to "H. Hunt."

REGINALD MERRYSHAW , butcher, Sutterton, near Lincoln. On April 5 I saw a bicycle advertised for sale in the "Feathered World," and I wrote a letter to the address given. I received a reply and then I sent £2 in postal orders. I received a postcard saying the bicycle was being sent, but the machine did not arrive.

REGINALD ALFRED CRUTCH , cashier to the "Poultry World," produced a copy of that paper containing an advertisement as to ducklings being for sale at 6s. 6d. per dozen and ducks' eggs at 3s. a dozen, and letters to be sent to "Wise, 41, Elthorne Road, Holloway."

MAUD HARDING , manageress to a stationer at 41, Elthorne Road, Holloway. Prisoner came to the shop about the third week in February and arranged that I should take in letters in the name of Wise. He told me that he was advertising in a paper. He called every day for the letters and received between 24 and 30 in the course of one week. Some letters came after he stopped calling, and I returned them to the Post Office.

WILFRED REEVE , coal merchant, Birmingham. On February 25 I saw an advertisement in the "Poultry World," and, in consequence, I wrote to William Wise, 14, Elthorne Road, Holloway. I received a reply, and then I sent on a postal order for 11s. for 50 Aylesbury ducks' eggs. I never received the eggs.

SYDNEY WOODROFFE , of Billericay. On February 26 I saw an advertisement in the "Poultry World," and I wrote to a man named Wise, at 41, Elthorne Road, Holloway. I received a reply and, in consequence, I sent a postal order for 13s. for two dozen ducklings. I did not receive them.

Detective-sergeant JOHN TUPPER , N Division. On December 19 I saw prisoner receive some letters at a newspaper shop in High Road, Tottenham. I stopped him, told him I was a police officer, and asked his name. He said his name was Smith. Then I said, "I believe you to be a man named Wise, wanted on a warrant for fraud." I asked, "Where do you live?" He replied, "I don't think that has anything to do with you." I took him to St. Ann's Road Police Station and asked him if he had any incubators or poultry. He said, "No; I can get them." He then produced eight letters from his pocket and, at my suggestion, opened them. Six of those letters contained postal orders. When charged he gave the name of William Smith, of no fixed abode. On the 27th he was identified as West, Smith, and Hunt.

Cross-examined. Prisoner asked me to find a man named Wilson, but I have been unable to do so.

(Defence.)

WILLIAM SMITH (prisoner, on oath). I am a painter and fish buyer. I first saw Wilson in November, 1911, at Club Row, Bethnal Green, where I went to purchase a few fowls. I have kept fowls all my life; it is a hobby of mine. Wilson asked me if I was a judge of birds, and I

told him I considered myself to be a bit of a judge. He asked me if I would meet him on the Monday, and I met him by appointment at the "Bull" Inn, Tottenham. He told me then he was a poultry dealer and farm agent and was in want of a man who knew something about poultry to go with him with a view to purchasing fowls to supply his contracts, as he had to supply the Jews mostly with poultry for killing purposes. It was arranged that I should receive my travelling expenses and a commission on my purchases. My purchases were to be at the rate of 6d. a 1b., and I was to buy birds by weight for killing purposes. If I could purchase at anything under that figure I was to receive commission on it. He paid me every week for the first five weeks and I was averaging from 30s. to 35s. a week. He asked me to let the next week's money run on a bit because he had not got some of his accounts in. He proposed that I should go into partnership with him if I could manage to rake up £50 and could manage to let the money run on and do a little painting in between. I let my money run on for a little. In February, 1912, he told me he was about to purchase a motor-bicycle, and asked me if I could lend him some money. I had been doing a little work and was not without money, and I lent him £3. He said the motor-bicycle would be a great saving of expense in getting about to markets and sales. He suggested that I should go in for one, but I told him I was not in the position to do so. I told him I should like some of the money I had lent him, and he told me he proposed to sell his own bicycle, and he had others to sell. We put advertisements into the papers. He wrote the one about the ducklings and I copied it on to one of their forms. Both advertisements are in my writing. The reason he gave for using different names was that he did not want to mix up a small retail trade with his wholesale trade. I went to the shops for letters sometimes, and he gave me to understand that sometimes he went. When we went together I always went into the shop, and when I came out I handed him the letters. I thought his business was being carried out in a genuine way. I had no ducklings, but Wilson gave me to understand that he had. I last saw Wilson in November, 1912, in Leadenhall Market. The letters that were found on me were mine and addressed to me. I had only two of the Buff Orpingtons that I was advertising because I had sold six on the Wednesday. I was keeping them where I was employed at Edmonton. I asked Wilson for some money, as he owed me about £30, and he promised to let me have some in a few days. I have not seen him from that day to this.

Cross-examined. Wilson did not let me know where he had the fowls sent to, because then I should have been as much in the know as he was, and I could have fallen into his business. We used to make an appointment over night as to where I should meet him next day, but our usual meeting place was at the "Bull," at ten o'clock. He should be well known there, but perhaps they did not know him by name. I do not think I have any of his handwriting. When I was arrested and the letters were opened I was surprised to find I had so many postal orders, and, of course, I acknowledged that I could not supply that

number. I think my mistress will be here to prove that. I have had incubators. I did have three, but since my arrest I think two have been sold. I keep a few poultry, but not to carry on business with.

JOHN TUPPER (recalled). I did find an incubator at prisoner's address, but it was a very old one and had a leg off. The two others referred to were not there. There were fowls, but no Buff Orpingtons.

ALBERT SCHOLES (re-called). Prisoner told me he had worked for a man as a painter, and he did work there from August 8 to June 20, and had a good character.

Verdict, Guilty.

Sentence: Eighteen months' hard labour.

DOWN, Claude Channon Rennie (28, jeweller) , being a member of a co-partnership between himself and George Clark Denton, stealing within six months, to wit, on September 20, 1912, £1 5s., and on October 11, 1912, £2 18s. 9d. of the moneys of the said co-partnership; having received certain property, to wit, a banker's cheque for payment of £6 1s. 10d. for a certain purpose unlawfully did fraudulently convert the said property and the proceeds thereof to his own use and benefit.

Mr. Curtis Bennett prosecuted; Mr. Purcell defended.

Mr. Curtis Bennett explained that prisoner and prosecutor had been in partnership; there were disagreements and the partnership was dissolved. They were partners when this money was in fact received. He felt that this was a case that ought not now to go before a jury, when prisoner had explained how it was that the discrepancies were not discovered at the time when much larger sums were in question.

Mr. Purcell said he had no complaint against the prosecution for having started the proceedings; it was a case essential for inquiry.

Verdict, Not guilty.

BROWN, George (61, no occupation), and STANTON, Arthur (27, barman), pleaded guilty of committing an act of gross indecency.

Prisoners were given excellent characters.

Brown was released on his own recognisances in £20 and one surety in £10 to come up for judgment if called upon; Stanton was released on his own recognisances in £20 to come up for judgment if called upon.

FRY, Ernest (21, seaman), pleaded guilty of stealing one book containing cheque forms, the goods of Caryll Tate, and feloniously receiving the same; stealing one bicycle, the goods of George Thomas Gray; stealing one ring, the goods of James Cope Story, and feloniously receiving the same; obtaining by false pretences from Andrew Faller five rings and other articles, with intent to defraud.

It was stated that prisoner had made a clean breast of a number of offences and that he had been guilty of heartless conduct.

Sentence: Eighteen months' hard labour on each indictment; to run concurrently.

BEFORE MR. JUSTICE RIDLEY.

(Thursday, February 6.)

DANN, Cecil Edgar (23, grocer), pleaded guilty of, on December 18, 1912, carnally knowing Amy Parsons, a girl under the age of 13 years; on January 8, 1913, carnally knowing Grace Muriel Sutherland, a girl under the age of 13 years.

Mr. Clarke Hall prosecuted.

Sentence: Five years' penal servitude on each indictment; to run concurrently.

HARRIS, Joseph (53, barber) , feloniously wounding Elizabeth Cruse with intent to murder her and with intent to do her some grievous bodily harm.

The Grand Jury ignored the bill as to the offence of wounding to murder. Prisoner pleaded guilty of wounding with intent to do grievous bodily harm.

Sentence: Four years' penal servitude.

DALEY, Robert (36, stevedore), was indicted for and charged on coroner's inquisition with the wilful murder of Elizabeth Daley.

Mr. Graham-Campbell and Mr. Roome prosecuted; Mr. Vincent Dimmer defended.

Police-constable FRANK GEORGE WAYLETT , KR, proved a plan.

ROBERT JOSEPH DALEY , aged 11, son of prisoner. On December 31 father went out about six in the morning to look for work. He came back about ten and said he had found no work; he was drunk. Mother and father started swearing at each other. She said to him, "Who are you----well playing with." He made a rush at her and hit her on the jaw; she fell, and he kicked and jumped on her. Up to this time they had lived happily together.

Cross-examined. Father did not begin the quarrel.

Mrs. ROSINA FYNN , 28, Ropemakers Fields, Limehouse. Prisoner and deceased (his wife) had the top-floor in my house. On this morning I heard prisoner and his wife quarrelling. At 10.20 he came down and asked would I go up and speak to Mrs. Daley. I went up and saw deceased lying on her back on the floor of the kitchen. I asked her to speak; I only heard a gurgling noise from her throat.

Cross-examined. They had always lived comfortably together.

Dr. JOHN PACKER . I went to 28, Ropemakers Fields, on December 31 about 10.30 a.m. Mrs. Daley was lying on the floor; she had died apparently quite recently. There was a contusion over the left ear and over the right temple. At the post-mortem examination I found an effusion of blood on the right side under the scalp. The cause of death was effusion of blood on the brain. I should not think that a blow from the fist would have caused this injury.

Cross-examined. Deceased was not an ordinary healthy woman; she was suffering from pneumonia. It is possible that she may have died as the result of her falling on the floor. I found no bruises, as

from kicks, or bruises on the stomach, as I should have expected to find if deceased had been jumped on.

Detective BERTIE SIMS , K Division, stated that, on being told that he would be arrested on suspicion of the wilful murder of his wife, prisoner said, "Go on; I know I paid her, but I did not kill her; it's not so bad as that."

Inspector ALFRED YEO , K Division. On December 31 at 12.20 I told prisoner he would be charged with the wilful murder of his wife by kicking her in the face and body. I cautioned him. He said, "You don't mean to say that she is dead?" I said, "Yes." He said, "That's done it; I'm done; hang me, burn me, do what you like with me; I'm done; I never thought she would die; I only punched her." When formally charged he said, "I did not think it; that's a dunner; oh, my poor children."

Prisoner's statement before the Magistrate: "I wish to say nothing, thank you."

Mr. Justice Ridley said that he should tell the jury that it would be unsafe to convict of murder; if they found against prisoner, the verdict must be, guilty of manslaughter.

(Defence.)

ROBERT DALEY (prisoner, on oath) said that he and his wife had always been on the best of terms and were the happiest couple in the world. On the morning in question, when he came home after vainly trying to get work, his wife started quarrelling with him; he lost his temper and struck her, and she fell; he then went down and sent Mrs. Fynn up to his wife.

After some cross-examination, prisoner, on the advice of his counsel, pleaded guilty of manslaughter.

Sentence: Eighteen months' hard labour.

CHEESEWRIGHT, Annie (48) , unlawfully casting and throwing at and upon Florence Irving certain corrosive fluid, with intent to burn and disfigure her, and with intent to do her some grievous bodily harm.

Mr. W. W. Grantham prosecuted; Mr. F. J. Green defended.

FLORENCE IRVING , 35, Oxford Road, Kilburn. I am a single woman, living with Adolph Ferdinand Lewis. On January 16 about nine p.m. prisoner came into the kitchen where I was and said, "You did not get that, then, you b----cow." I said, "I don't know what you mean; I have not got anything belonging to you." I understood her to refer to a letter that had been missed five months before. She went to the lavatory basin and came back and flung some liquid at me which went on to my blouse; then another lot went over my face and caught my eye and on to my hand; I was terribly burnt. Prisoner had threatened me before.

Cross-examined. She had accused me and Lewis of taking a letter of hers. At the police court I did not call any of the lodgers because

they did not see the fluid thrown. As I rushed out of the house screaming I did not see a soul. I have never threatened prisoner.

ADOLPH FERDINAND LEWIS , commercial traveller, said that he lived with the last witness. On this evening as he was returning home he heard some screams in the street. He did not see the outrage. On several occasions he had heard prisoner threaten prosecutrix.

DR. AUSTIN JOSEPH MORAN , Kilburn, who was called to attend prosecutrix, described the injuries she had received; these were caused by some acid substance; if the stuff had entered either eye it would have destroyed it.

Cross-examined: I cannot swear that the stuff entered the eye; she told me she was suffering pain, and the eye was inflamed; this might have been the result of a little rubbing. The stuff was a weak diluted acid, such as is used for cleaning lavatories. I made no analysis of the fluid, only tasted it and smelt it.

Police-Sergeant EVAN JONES . I arrested prisoner about 9.20 p.m. on January 16th. I told her I should arrest her for throwing an acid substance over Mrs. Lewis (Florence Irving). She replied, "I know nothing in the world about it; I was nursing the babies at the time."

Cross-examined. I searched to see if there was any remains of the acid on the floor of the room, and failed to find any; I did not search in the lavatory.

Prisoner's statement before the magistrate. "I plead not guilty."

(Defence.)

ANNIE CHEESEWRIGHT (prisoner, on oath). On this evening I was sitting in the kitchen nursing the children when I heard the postman knock. Mr. Fletcher brought a letter to me; he said, "It is for Mrs. Graham." I said, "That is Mrs. Graham downstairs." He took the letter up and came back to the kitchen. He and my husband went out, leaving me and Mrs. Williams in the kitchen. My husband came back in about three seconds and said to me, "What have you done to Mrs. Lewis; she says you have thrown something over her." I said, "Good gracious, man, what are you talking about? Here you left me and here I still am." Soon after the policeman came and took me. I had heard no screams.

Cross-examined. I did not see prosecutrix at all that evening. Her story is all a lie. I do not know anyone in the house likely to do such a thing. She may have done it herself in order to accuse me. It is not true that I have threatened her; she has threatened me.

Mrs. DAISY WILLIAMS . I was in the kitchen with prisoner when her husband went out. He came back in five seconds and said to her, "Have you thrown anything over Mrs. Lewis?" She said. "Good God, man, I have never left my chair—have I, Mrs. Williams?" I said, "No, you ain't." I did not hear any screams. I had never left prisoner the whole time and she had not left the kitchen.

GEORGE SIDNEY JACKSON , the postman, said that as he delivered a letter at this house just after nine he saw prosecutrix on the steps.

Just after he left the house he saw her running into the street screaming.

JOHN WILLIAM KEMP said that on January 12th he saw prisoner and prosecutrix "have a scrap" together. Afterwards prosecutrix said she was not going to summon prisoner, it would cost 2s., but she would get her six months yet.

Verdict, Not guilty.

Before THE RECORDER.

(Thursday, February 6.)

INGRAM, Frederick John (29, stockbroker's clerk), pleaded guilty of unlawfully making certain false entries in certain books, the property of Frank John Denton, his master, with intent to defraud; embezzling and stealing within six months, to wit, on November 14. 1912, £10 17s. 11d., on December 12, 1912, £15 16s. 4d., and on December 30, 1912, a valuable security for payment of £23 16s. 6d., received by him for and on account of Frank John Denton, his master.

Mr. Travers Humphreys prosecuted; Mr. Curtis Bennett defended.

Sentence, Nine months' imprisonment, second division, on each indictment, to run concurrently.

ROBERTS, William Arthur (50, accountant) , embezzling and stealing within six months, to wit, on March 28, 1912, the sum of £32 9s. 4d., and on July 10, 1912, the sum of £150, received by him for and on account of Aerators, Limited, his masters; embezzling and stealing within six months, to wit, on December 20, 1911, £69 14s. 4d., and on December 30, 1911, a valuable security for payment of £6 18s. 3d., received by him for and on account of Aerators; Limited, his masters; embezzling and stealing within six months, to wit, on May 12, 1911, £26 15s., on May 16, 1911, £36 14s. 1d., and on May 16, 1911, a valuable security for payment of £1 14s. 1d., received by him for and on account of Aerators, Limited, his masters; being clerk and servant to Aerators, Limited, unlawfully with intent to defraud omitting and concurring in omitting certain material particulars from and making false entries in books belonging to his employers.

Mr. Travers Humphreys and Mr. E. C. Boyd prosecuted; Mr. H. Maddocks defended.

Prisoner was tried last session (see page 280) upon the first indictment, when the jury disagreed. The prosecution now offered no evidence upon that indictment, and a verdict of Not guilty was returned.

He was remanded until the second April Session for trial upon the other indictments.

[Note.—At the second April Session prisoner was found Not guilty upon the other indictments.]

HENNEY, Arthur (24, labourer) ; forging and uttering, knowing the same to be forged, an order for payment of £90 9s. 9d., with intent to defraud.

Detective WILLIAM NEWELL , City Police. On January 18 at 1.20 p.m. I went with Detective-Constable Kirby to Glyn, Mills, Currie, and Company's bank, Lombard Street. I saw prisoner there. I said to him, "We are police officers." I had this cheque in my hand. I said, "You will probably be charged with forging and uttering this cheque well knowing it to have been forged." He said, "Don't say that." He then went on to make a statement. I cautioned him and said, "You need not make a statement unless you desire to do so, but whatever you say may be used in evidence against you." He then said, "During the last week I have been working for J. Aaronstein, who occupies four rooms of a warehouse in Blackhorse Yard. I had to meet Mr. Aaronstein at Aldgate Station this morning at nine o'clock. I met him as arranged. He said, 'Here is a cheque,' at the same time handing it to me, 'go to the bank in Lombard Street and cash this cheque; if they ask you how you want it say £40 in gold and ten £5 notes. When you get the money meet me here at two o'clock and give me the money and I will pay you the wages what you have earned.' I then left him and went home. I went for a walk and then came on to the bank." He was then taken to Cloak Lane Police Station and charged, when he said, "I did not know it was forged." Upon searching him this pocket-book was found. It contains an entry, "10—5—40—gold."

CECIL MORGAN , cashier, Glyn, Mills, and Co. About 12.30 on January 18 prisoner came into the bank with this cheque. I asked him how he wanted the money. I think he said "£50 in notes and £40 in gold." I was suspicious about the cheque and made inquiries. I found Messrs. Cook's had issued this cheque for £9. The police were sent for while I was making inquiries.

FRANK EVANS , counting house manager to Cook, Son, and Co., St. Paul's Churchyard. This cheque was drawn in favour of J. Aaronstein for £9 9s. 9d. I signed it. It was crossed with a printed "and Co." It was not altered by my authority. I do not know prisoner. The letter containing the cheque was posted on Friday, January 17, between five and six.

J. AARONSTEIN , manufacturing furrier, 90, Middlesex Street, E. Messrs. Cook owed me £9 9s. 9d. on January 18. I have not received a cheque for that amount. The cheque was not endorsed by my authority. I do not know prisoner. The story he has told is untrue.

(Defence.)

ARTHUR HENNEY (prisoner, on oath). On January 10, while employed by Ewart and Sons, Euston Road, I was in the "Green Man," Euston Road, discussing with my fellow-workmen when a man I had known as a regular customer in that house said to me that if I had

no work to do next week I could have a job with him for a few days, and I was to come down to his place at Blackhorse Yard at nine o'clock on Monday. I helped him with goods he used to hawk about—hosiery and all kinds of things. I left that day and a few days after he sent me a postcard that I was to meet him again to go on the following Friday to the Cattle Market, Caledonian Road. On Friday night when I left him he gave me instructions to meet him at nine o'clock next morning, when he gave me this cheque to get changed at the bank. While I was in custody I asked Inspector Newell to go to this public-house to ascertain that I have been there with this man, who is known there as Aaronstein. I gave a description of him.

Cross-examined. I am a plumber. I never handled a cheque in my life or I should not have been such a dupe as to have presented a cheque at the bank. This Aaronstein knew where I lived and where I worked, and that it would not be possible for me to run away with the money.

Verdict, Guilty.

Prisoner confessed to having been convicted, at London Sessions, on April 4, 1911, of felony, and two other convictions were proved.

Sentence: Three years' penal servitude.

HALES, Frederick (33, labourer) , breaking and entering the shop of W. Abbott and Son, Limited, and stealing therein three boots and other articles, their goods, and feloniously receiving same.

Police-constable WALTER TRAVIS , 241 C. On January 8 at 5.50 a.m. I was in plain clothes in Fenchurch Street. Prisoner was carrying a sack over his shoulder. I followed him into Fenchurch Buildings. I asked him what he had got in the sack. He said, "Only old iron." I felt the outside of the sack, and as it did not feel like iron I opened the sack and found it contained boots. I asked where he got them from. He said he had just broken a window at the top end of the street. I took him back and found the window broken. He said nothing when charged.

ALBERT EDWARD HENDRICK , salesman, Abbotts', 160, Fenchurch Street. These boots, shoes, and shoe-trees are the property of Messrs. Abbotts'. The premises were left safe at 7.50 p.m. on January 7. I found the window broken and this brick inside at 8.30 next morning. The damage to the window is £4 15s. and the value of the goods £3 10s.

FREDERICK HALES (prisoner, not on oath). On January 8 about 5.30 a.m. I come from the Salvation Army Shelter, Blackfriars Bridge, come over London Bridge. About 5.45 I got into Fenchurch Street. I see a window broke on the left-hand side going towards Aldgate. I was making my way to Petticoat Lane to see if I could pick up a job. I happened to see this sack. Before I found the sack I seen this window. I thought to myself if I don't get no job I might as well take one or two of these. I did not break the window at all, so I took them and went down Fenchurch Buildings. I have no witnesses to call.

Verdict, Guilty.

Prisoner confessed to having been convicted, at the London Sessions, on January 7, 1908, of felony, and numerous other convictions were proved.

Sentence: Three years' penal servitude.

STEPHENS, Walter (33, traveller) , obtaining by false pretences from Fred Farlow 2s. 6d., and from William Eyre Hart 3s., in each case with intent to defraud; having been entrusted with and having received certain property, to wit, the several sums of 6s., 16s., and 3s. for certain purposes, unlawfully did fraudulently convert the same to his own use and benefit.

Prisoner was tried on the first indictment.

WILLIAM HART , bootmaker, 11, Monte Cristo Parade, Newington Green. Prisoner called on me last September and asked if I would like to have an advertisement on the curtain of the Alexandra Theatre, Stoke Newington. I said I did not mind. He showed me the space on the plan of the curtain. The price was to be 6s. per quarter. I paid him 3s. as a deposit. He gave the receipt (produced). He wrote it in my presence. I never saw him again until he was in custody.

Cross-examined by prisoner. There was no man called on me except you.

FRED FARLOW , cycle agent, New North Road. About August 12 last prisoner came to my shop. He asked me if I would care to have an advertisement on the curtain of the Islington Empire. I asked him what the cost would be. He said 2s. 6d. for 13 weeks. I said I would pay when I saw the advertisement on the screen. He said he must have cash with order, being such a low transaction. I paid him 2s. 6d. He wrote this receipt in my presence. The advertisement did not appear. I next saw prisoner in the dock at North London Police Court.

Cross-examined. You told me you were travelling for the Foru Company, High Street, Oxford Street, who were showing advertisements on the screens of picture palaces, theatres, and music-halls. I told you another man had already been in with the same kind of thing. You did not say you would call later to take cash for the order. You took the cash then. I was shown a photograph of you. I was asked, "Is this the man?" I said, "Yes."

EDWARD GREENFIELD , electrical engineer, Alexandra Theatre, Stoke Newington. I have occupied my present position about 12 years. I do not know prisoner. Our curtain is let to the London and Provincial Advertising Agency. Nobody has any right to deal with those advertisements but them.

LESTER PAYNE COLVILLE , managing director, Islington Empire. We have our own advertising staff. I do not know prisoner.

ERNEST CHALDEN . I carry on business as Foru and Co., 43, High Street, Oxford Street. We are advertising agents. I first met prisoner on August 2 last, when I employed him to go to Fakenham, Norfolk, as advertising canvasser. I gave him contracts, a receipt-book, and a plan. Prisoner had no authority to canvass Hart or Farlow.

He had no authority to canvass for advertisements on theatre curtains He had to see landlords of hotels and get their consent to display tradesmen's advertisements in their saloon bars, for which we pay so much per year.

To prisoner. I first saw you on the Thursday before August Bank Holiday. You called next day. You saw one of my travellers, who asked you a few questions while I sat at the table. You were to work anywhere you liked at 25 per cent. commission on all takings, no salary or expenses. I never heard the name of Fakenham till you mentioned it. You said you preferred Norfolk. I wanted £5 cash security before you left town. You gave an I.O.U. for £5. I got no telephone message from you that day. I did not receive a batch of orders from you. I did not meet you in Southampton Row in September and tell you to make yourself scarce. I did not tell you you could work stationery or anything that would bring grist to the mill. I received no message from you about August 16 saying a lot of money had been made by advertising on picture palace curtains. I answered somebody on the telephone about the middle of September asking if a man had called representing Foru and Co., and I did not reply that I would come down and see him at once.

(Defence.)

WALTER STEPHENS (prisoner, not on oath). Foru and Co. engaged me at no salary, no expenses, and 25 per cent. commission. 15 per cent. of the money was to be left in their hands until £5 was accumulated. That was to safeguard them against anything I did wrong. I did not see the fun of leaving 15 per cent. out of 25 per cent., so I gave an I.O.U. I telephoned him that I could not walk to Norfolk, and as he would not agree to pay my fare I would work London. He said, "All right," on the telephone. I telephoned him several times afterwards and told him what a good scheme it was advertising on picture-palace curtains, and he made the condition that I returned him the first 25 per cent.; thus I was to work about six months without taking a farthing piece. His previous arrangement was I should get the 25 per cent. I kept Mr. Hart and Mr. Farlow's money, who paid the first quarter. One of my men, named Beale, I think, went to the office to try and get some more. He told me Mr. Charlton had got a warrant out for me. I telephoned asking Charlton if that was correct. I said, "It is rather funny, a man came to my place." Mr. Charlton replied, "Hold the man, I will come to the house with a taxi to St. Paul's Road, Canonbury." I think he came by 'bus. I did not want to waste any time. I thought he was not worth working for. I met him in Southampton Row a few days after. He said, "What is all this fuss about, make yourself scarce." He denied that in the box. I leave it entirely to the jury.

Sergeant WILLIAM MOLD , G Division (to prisoner). I arrested you on December 23 in Dalston. You were working with three other men. Two of you had a gramophone each. I said the warrant was

in respect of an amount of about 30s. I had not the warrant, but I had seen it. I asked you to come to the station. When the warrant was read you denied the charge. You afterwards admitted you were the man the warrant was out for. You gave me a photograph of yourself. I gave it to Sergeant Castleton to make inquiries, not for identification purposes.

Detective-sergeant CASTLETON , N (to prisoner). The first time you asked to be put up for identification was on January 7, as we were about to go into the court. You said, "I am going to have a run for it." I said, "It is not much good now the witnesses have seen you; they are in court." I do not know what you told the gaoler.

Verdict, Guilty. The second indictment was not proceeded with.

Prisoner confessed to having been convicted, at Mansion House Justice Room, on September 3, 1909, in the name of Walter Twigg, of felony; other convictions were proved.

Sentence: Eighteen months' hard labour.

LANDOW, Marks (29, machinist) , unlawfully procuring a certain woman to leave her usual place of abode in the United Kingdom with intent that she should become the inmate of a brothel without the King's Dominions for the purposes of prostitution and attempt to commit like offence.

Verdict (February 7), Guilty of attempt to procure woman to leave her usual place of abode in United Kingdom to become an inmate of a brothel without the King's Dominions.

Sentence: Eighteen months' hard labour and 12 strokes with the cat-o'-nine-tails; recommended for expulsion under Aliens Act, 1905.

Before THE COMMON SERJEANT.

(Thursday, February 6.)

BRAMSON, Mark (26, dealer) , forging and uttering, knowing the same to be forged, an order for payment of £46 3s. and feloniously obtaining £46 3s. by means of the said forged order, in each case with intent to defraud.

Mr. Cooper prosecuted; Mr. H. W. Wickham defended.

GRANVILLE SHARP , assistant manager, Whitbread and Co., brewers. On November 16, 1912, I signed cheque produced of £46 3s. on the London County and Westminster Bank, King's Cross, payable to "the British Motor-Wagon Company, Limited, or order," and crossed. It has now on it "Pay cash Granville Sharp," not written by me or by my authority.

MURRAY SPIER , traffic manager to the British Motor-Wagon Company, Limited, 24, Coleman Street. Cheque produced is not endorsed by me or by the authority of my company, nor have we received it. We have no official named "J. H. Humphries." I do not know prisoner.

FRANK ASHLEY , clerk, London County and Westminster Bank, 266, Pentonville Road. On November 16, 1912, at 12.15 p.m., prisoner presented cheque produced for £46 3s. and asked for four £5 notes and the rest in gold. I examined the cheque, scrutinised the prisoner, and spoke to my chief clerk. The cheque produced is on a special form never used by Whitbread and Co. for payments across the counter, for which they use the ordinary form. After speaking to the chief clerk I returned, scrutinised prisoner very closely, and paid him the money. On January 24 at Cannow Row Police Station I picked prisoner out from 16 other men. I have not the slightest doubt he is the man.

Cross-examined. I did not ask the chief clerk to look at prisoner so that he could identify him again. I have never seen prisoner before. I go to Miller's restaurant. I have never had conversation with or seen prisoner there.

Sergeant JAMES BUTT , G Division. On January 24 prisoner was put up with 13 other men and identified without hesitation by Ashley.

(Defence.)

MARK BRAMSON (prisoner, on oath). I live at 9, Paul's Buildings, Clerkenwell, and am a furniture dealer. I am totally innocent of this charge. I frequently lunch at Miller's Restaurant, which is five minutes' walk from my house. I believe I have seen Ashley there.

LILLIE LANGFORD , waitress, Miller's Restaurant, King's Cross. I know prisoner as a regular customer. I know Ashley as a clerk at the bank where I go every day to get change; he has also been to the restaurant; he was there with prisoner one dinner time; they were at the same table.

Verdict, Not guilty.

LAROERE, André (39, financial agent) , being a moneylender, unlawfully by false and deceptive statements and concealment of certain material facts fraudulently attempting to induce Teissere Parazols to agree to terms upon which money was to be borrowed by him; being a moneylender, unlawfully by false and deceptive statements and concealment of certain material facts fraudulently attempting to induce persons to agree to terms upon which money was to be borrowed by them. (Five indictments.)

Mr. Muir, Mr. Graham-Campbell, and Mr. Adrian Clark prosecuted; Mr. Pridham Wippell and Mr. W. Carlile Crowsdale defended.

Prisoner was tried on the first indictment.

MARIE MARTIN , 35, George Street, Euston Square. On September 27, 1911, prisoner took a bedroom at my house at 11s. a week; he received letters in the name of Quenhoven. He said he expected a partner. In February, 1912, he took five rooms in all at £2 a week. He then told me his name was Laroere, that he was the agent of a moneylender. A good many people called to see him. He left at the end of August, 1912.

JEAN DE HAMIL , 17 and 18, Green Street, Leicester Square (known as "Au Coin de France"), money changer and information bureau. I have known prisoner from January, 1912, under the name of Quenhoven. He received letters and had the use of my office from January to April, 1912, for a payment of £5.

RICHARD GREEN , 1, Vallance Road, Muswell Hill, estate agent. Prisoner rented from me 6, Duke's Avenue, Muswell Hill, under agreement produced at £65 a year from June 27, 1912. He paid a quarter's rent in advance on June 26 in gold.

STEWART TUCKER ELLICOTT , clerk, Moneylenders' Registration Department, Somerset House. I produce forms signed and deposited by prisoner as a moneylender at 35, George Street, 18, Green Street, Leicester Square, and 6, Duke's Avenue, Muswell Hill, in the name of André Laroere.

CHARLES LE NEVU , 51, Bedford Square, French Consulate. Documents produced were received from persons in France by the French Consul-General here. I handed them to the Director of Public Prosecutions.

Detective-Inspector GEORGE NICHOLLS , New Scotland Yard. I produce documents received from the French police, letters, books, and papers found at 6, Duke's Avenue, and documents handed me by Sergeant Grosse and Sergeant Gresty. I have examined 122 letters, 22 of which contain French postal orders. I have examined over 1,000 letters. I have found none showing a completed loan. Account produced from "Publicité Generale" shows cost of advertisements in various French papers between December 1 and 15, 1912, at 934.75 francs. I have examined books, Exhibits 2 to 12, found at 6, Duke's Avenue. I find no entry showing the payment or repayment of any loan. I find no entry of the repayment of any preliminary fee. I also found 11 bills of exchange for small sums of 17 to 47 francs drawn on the Union Internationale and apparently paid. They might be the repayment of preliminary expenses to people in France.

(Friday, February 7.)

Detective-Sergeant ALFRED GRESTY , Y Division. On January 1, 1913, I removed from two rooms at 6, Duke's Avenue, a large quantity of letters, books, and typed letter forms in French, which I handed to Inspector Nicholls. I kept observation on the premises. From January 1 to 4 122 letters arrived. I opened some, of which 10 contained French money orders. I found no cheque or pass books or any trace of a banking account or money. On a brass plate was "André Laroere, Union Financière Internationale, Director." In an empty room on the first floor I found a large quantity of charred paper recently burnt.

ANDRE NESTIER . I am 17 years of age and live with my mother at Versailles. In May, 1912, I came to London, advertised for a situation, and was engaged by prisoner at 35, George Street, at 5s. a day to write and type letters in French. Six other persons were employed. Prisoner received many letters—some contained postal orders.

He had no banking account so far as I know. Accounts were paid for printing, etc., in cash. I saw no correspondence with Bombay, New York, Buenos Ayres, or Vienna. In August, 1912, prisoner removed to 6, Duke's Avenue. Letters were generally signed by prisoner, also by Mr. and Mrs. Cesar, myself, and other clerks. I know prisoner's handwriting. (The witness identified the signature of a great number of letters.) We frequently signed letters in the fictitious names of "Nest," "Lest," "Deltout," "Quenhoven," "Stefan," and "Placabi" demanding small sums for expenses. I have seen book produced in the office; it is in Cesar's handwriting and contains a large number of names and addresses, with sums of 11.75, 19.35, 17.50 francs and other amounts, commencing July 17 and ending October 8, 1912. I wrote many form letters asking for remittances of similar amounts. Copy letter book produced contains a great number of letters signed by prisoner. (Upwards of 200 letters, forms, and other exhibits were put to the witness, including alphabetical lists of a great number of persons from whom money had been received as fees for obtaining loans.)

ELLEN BRETSO , 35, George Street, Euston Square. On December 9, 1912, I went to 6, Duke's Avenue, and was employed by prisoner as a shorthand writer and typist. I have never written any letter in which a loan was made. I am familiar with letter headings stating that prisoner has agencies in Hamburg, Vienna, New York, Bombay, Buenos Ayres. I never wrote letters to those places or saw any correspondence from them. (Witness identified the handwriting of a number of letters signed by prisoner, herself, and other clerks.)

JOHN WATT , notary public and translator of languages, verified the translation of a large number of letters, circulars, etc., headed "Union Financiére Internationale, London. Managing Director, A. Quenhoven. Special combination promoting the release of loans on simple signature," and setting out that for a small premium of 10, 15 or 20 francs loans of a large amount would be granted for three years and upwards at 4 per cent. interest, signed in various names and demanding small sums of 12.75, 17.50, 19.35 francs, etc., as preliminary fees; a number of advertisements in French newspapers; also a large number of letters from persons in France forwarding such sums with various testimonials as to character and notarial certificates of the position, etc., of applicants for loans. (The examination of the witness continued over Saturday, February 8.)

(Monday, February 10.)

JOHN ACTON BOWDEN , 17, Station Parade, Muswell Hill, draper. On January 16, 1913, I attended an auction at 6, Duke's Avenue, and bought a safe in which I found documents produced which I handed to Sergeant Grosse.

Detective-Sergeant GROSSE produced and identified documents.

Cross-examined. The sale of prisoner's effects was at the instance of the Court. He was fined £100 and costs for carrying on business as a moneylender at an unregistered address.

Prisoner's statement before the magistrate: "I reserve my defence."

Mr. Wippell submitted there was no jurisdiction in this Court to try the case; it was not an indictment of obtaining money by false pretences but an offence under Section 4 of the Moneylenders Act of a false statement or dishonest concealment of a material fact inducing a person to borrow or agree to borrow money; no false statement was made in England; advertisements inserted in a French newspaper induced no one in this country; the agreements, if any, were made in France by French people; prisoner ought to be tried in France where the offence (if any) was committed. Further, there was no evidence of fraudulent intent.

The Common Serjeant. I think the offence under Section 4 is committed, if at all, where the false statement is made. Prisoner makes it here, although he may also make it in France. This Court has jurisdiction. There is plenty of evidence of intent to defraud.

Verdict, Guilty. The remaining indictments were not proceeded with.

Prisoner was stated to have been seven times convicted in France of similar offences, including sentences of 12, 13, and 15 months, two years and three years.

SIDNEY REGINALD DYER , medical officer, Brixton Prison, stated that prisoner was very ill from consumption and quite unfit to undergo penal discipline.

Sentence, Six months' imprisonment; recommended for expulsion under Aliens Act, 1905.

BEFORE JUDGE RETOUL.

(Thursday, February 6.)

RUSSELL, Charles (24, groom), pleaded guilty of breaking and entering the dwelling-house of Frank Lazenby and stealing therein one chain and other articles, and £2 2s. 6d. in money, of the goods and monies of Elizabeth Mackintosh, one bracelet and £2 in money, the good and monies of Mary Tarpey, and one bangle and one brooch and 14s. in money, the goods and monies of Florence Davis and feloniously receiving the same; stealing one watch and other articles, value £2 and £38 in money, the goods and monies of Harry Moss in his dwelling-house and feloniously receiving the same; stealing one pair of earrings and other goods, of the value together of £70 and 2s. in money, the goods and monies of Frederick William Neuburger, and one ring and other articles, of the value of £1, the goods of Beatrice Barrow in the dwelling-house of the said Frederick William Neuburger, and feloniously receiving the same.

Prisoner confessed to having been convicted, at Marylebone Police Court, on July 29, 1912, in the name of Leonard Russell, of felony.

Sentence: Twelve months' hard labour on each indictment; to run concurrently.

MAHER, Patsy (38, hawker) , being a male person knowingly living wholly and in part on the earnings of prostitution;unlawfully assaulting Alice Hibbs.

Prisoner was tried on the first indictment.

Mr. Beaufoi Moore prosecuted.

Verdict, Guilty. The second indictment was not proceeded with.

Prisoner confessed to having been convicted, under the Vagrancy Act, at Clerkenwell Police Court, on May 29, 1912, in the name of Patrick Maher.

Sentence: Eighteen months' hard labour.

WALLACE, John William (38, coachman), and HARE, George (29, tinsmith) , both stealing an overcoat, the property of Charles Chester, and feloniously receiving same.

Mr. P. Scott-Crickitt defended.

ALBERT VICTOR DIXON , assistant to Charles Chester, pawnbroker, 240, Gray's Inn Road. On January 17 about 7.45 p.m. the overcoat (produced) was hanging outside the shop. It was worth 7s. From what I was told I went outside and found the coat was missing.

Cross-examined. I can recognise the coat by there being two different buttons. There were no marks on it by which anyone might know it had been stolen.

CHARLES BALDWIN , hairdresser, 50, Calthorpe Street, W.C. On January 17, about 8.30 p.m. the two prisoners came into my shop. I knew them both as being customers, but I did not know their names. Wallace wanted to sell me the overcoat (produced) for 15s. I told him that I did not want it and I had no money. He also offered me a pair of boots and said he would put the two in for a sovereign. I declined. Later Hare came in and asked if Wallace had sold anything and I said "No." Hare then offered another coat for sale for 5s. I did not buy it, but I told him there was a customer of mine who was wanting a coat something after this style, and if he would leave it I would try and sell it. Hare then hung the coat up in the shop. A moment afterwards a police officer called me outside and asked me if there were two chaps wanting to sell me a coat.

Cross-examined. Both Wallace and Hare brought the articles in quite openly.

Police-constable GEORGE SANDERS , 399 G. On this evening I saw prisoners enter Baldwin's shop. Both were wearing overcoats. I went inside and saw the coat (produced) hanging up. I told prisoners I had good reason to believe it had been stolen from Chester's shop. I took prisoners to King's Cross Road Police Station, and neither prisoner made a reply to the charge. At the station Hare said, "I was trying to sell the coat for a friend in Rowton House." Wallace said, "Both the coats belong to the same man in Rowton House; we were trying to sell them for him."

Cross-examined. I received the information from a gentleman in Gray's Inn Road, who told me that the two men had stolen a coat and run away. He gave me a description of the men.

(Defence.)

JOHN WILLIAM WALLACE (prisoner, on oath). On this night I was in the "Packington" public-house. A man came in and wanted to sell a coat. He said, "Could you do with this?" I said, "No"; but afterwards I went to the barber's shop to try and sell it. My goods came out of the sale room. Then Hare came into the barber's shop while I was there and tried to sell a coat. He said, "I will sell you this coat for a dollar." The barber said, "All right, leave it here, I have a customer for it in the morning." I also left the other coat and boots on approval.

Cross-examined. I am a friend of Hare; we have driven commercial broughams together. We did not leave the public-house together; Hare came to the barber's shop about a quarter of an hour afterwards. I had not seen that coat until I was in the public-house. I had had a drop of drink, but I don't think I told the officer they both belonged to the same man. I had not arranged with Hare to go to the barber's shop.

GEORGE HARE (prisoner, on oath). On the night I went to the "Packington" I saw a man who had an overcoat for sale. He asked me if I would buy it for 5s., and I told him I did not want it. He said, "Well, try it on." So I took my own overcoat off and tried it on. It was too big for me. He then said, "Do you know anybody you can do it in to," that is, to sell it. I replied, "If you wait till later on I will take it round to a jobmaster and try." He said, "Keep it on and take it round now." I said, "I am going over to the barber's to have a shave, and I will go there afterwards." I went there and found Wallace trying to sell an overcoat and boots. We got chatting and, as he told me he had asked the barber to buy his overcoat and boots, I said, "Could you do with this for a dollar." He said, "No, but there is a customer of mine who might possibly do with it," and that I should have to go there in the morning. He hung it up there on a nail and soon after that a policeman came in. All he asked me was where the coat was and, before I could reply, the barber's boy gave him the overcoat. At the police station I said the man from whom I got the coat lived at Rowton House, but I did not know his name. I was merely trying to sell it, and might have got a shilling out of it. I am not disputing that it was stolen, but I do not know.

Cross-examined. The man who gave me the coat they call "Scottie." I did not tell the officer that was his name; I presume that was his nick-name.

Verdict, Wallace Not guilty; Hare Guilty of receiving.

Hare confessed to having been convicted, at Clerkenwell Police Court, on September 25, 1912, of felony, and nine other convictions for felony and one for being drunk and assaulting the police were proved.

Sentence (Hare): Twelve months' hard labour.

FRANKEL, Maurice (38, merchant), and LANDAU, Woolf (39, merchant) , both conspiring together and with others unknown to defraud such of His Majesty's liege subjects being traders, as should be induced to supply them with goods on credit and to defraud Francis Martineau Lupton and others trading as William Lupton and Co., Percy James Machin and another, Marcel Louis Charles Diconne, John William Hutchinson, trading as N. Kelsey and Co., Aaron Schklaniewitz and another, and obtaining by false pretences from John Anderson Carr and from said F.M. Lupton and others a quantity of serge, from John Howard Bibby and from said Percy James Machin and another a quantity of drill, from said Marcel Louis Charles Diconne a quantity of stuffs and silks, from said J. W. Hutchinson a quantity of silk, and from Jacob Hirschsohn a quantity of skins, in each case with intent to defraud, and in incurring certain debts and liabilities to the said several persons did obtain credit from them under false pretences and by means of fraud other than false pretences.

Frankel pleaded guilty of fraud and fraudulently obtaining credit. This plea was accepted by the prosecution.

Mr. Eustace Fulton prosecuted; Mr. Curtis Bennett appeared for Frankel; Mr. Purcell defended Landau.

The prosecution offering no evidence against Landau, a verdict of Not guilty was returned.

(February 10.) Frankel was sentenced to Twelve months' imprisonment, second division.

BEFORE MR. JUSTICE RIDLEY.

(Friday, February 7.)

CALLAGHAN, Joseph (27, hawker), who was convicted last Session (see page 222) of feloniously sending, knowing the contents thereof, a letter threatening to kill and murder Louisa Callaghan (his wife), and was released on his own recognisances to come up for judgment if called upon, was brought up on his recognisances.

Mr. Graham-Campbell, who prosecuted, stated that prisoner was convicted on December 9, and in releasing him upon his own recognisances Mr. Justice Darling warned him that if he in any way molested his wife he would be brought up for judgment and might receive ten years' penal servitude. On January 23 prisoner met his wife in Vauxhall Bridge Road and said to her, "Well, I got out of that job all right; it won't be 10 or 15 years next time; I will do the job properly; I think nothing of hanging; it is nothing to me." On January 26, in the early morning, prosecutrix found him under her bed, and she gave him into custody. He was at first charged with being on the premises for the purpose of committing a felony; it was eventually determined to bring him up to this court to be dealt with under the conviction of December.

Mrs. LOUISA CALLAGHAN gave evidence of the facts stated by counsel.

Sentence: Seven years' penal servitude.

WOOD, Edith, otherwise called Edith Jancowski (45), was indicted for and charged on coroner's inquisition with the wilful murder of Ethel Harriett Wood (in the inquisition described as Harriet Ethel Jancowski).

Mr. Bodkin and Mr. Perceval Clarke prosecuted; Mr. Curtis Bennett defended.

WILLIAM CHARLES WOOD . I lived at 137, Weedington Road, Holloway, with prisoner and our two children, Ruby, eight months, and Harriett Ethel, 13 1/2 years old; the latter has been subject to epileptic fits all her life. Prisoner has been attended by Dr. Whitehead during the last three years. On January 2 I noticed that she seemed very strange and depressed. On January 4 I went out to work at 9.15 a.m. At half-past 11 I was sent for and went back home. There I found this paper in prisoner's handwriting: "Could not bear it any longer. God forgive for what I have done." Prisoner was a kind mother, especially to this child, on account of her affliction.

Cross-examined. Prisoner and I had lived together on most affectionate terms for twenty years. During the last two years there has been a great change in her health; she has complained of pains in her head and noises and loss of sight.

EMMA JANE CROOK . I am employed as a daily servant to the Woods. At about 9 a.m. on January 4 Ethel was crying, and I suggested to prisoner that I should take a cup of tea to the child. Prisoner said she would take it up herself, and she did so. Shortly afterwards prisoner said, "I am going to the doctor's; don't go to Ethel, she is asleep." She also muttered something like "God has silenced those lips." Soon after she had gone out the police and the doctor came. The piece of cord produced used to hang up in the scullery.

Cross-examined. Prisoner was a most devoted mother. Before January 4 I had heard prisoner saying strange things, such as "God has fitted the back for the burden," "There is only One who knows," etc.

JOSEPH WILSON , divisional surgeon. On January 4 about 10.35 a.m. I went to 137, Weedington Road, and there found the dead body of the child lying on the bed. Round her throat was this piece of cord, three times tied. The cause of death was strangulation. I think that at the time the strangulation was effected the child was in a fit. Shortly afterwards I saw prisoner. She was in a dazed and depressed condition.

Police-Constable FRANK HUKLEY . I was in charge of Caledonian Road Police Station on January 4. At 10.35 prisoner came in and said, "I want to give myself up for murder, strangling my little girl this morning. The child had a fit and I could not get her out of it. so I strangled her with a piece of rope." Prisoner was greatly distressed and on the point of collapse. To the Inspector she said, "I

hope God will forgive me for what I have done. I have had sleepless nights for noises in my head and ears. I cannot say what time I did it."

Detective-Inspector ARTHUR NEAL . I saw prisoner at the station and told her I should have to charge her with murdering her child. She said, "Yes, I know. I do not know what made me do it. She had a fit and was so bad. I took the cord and tied it round her neck to put her out of her misery. I have been much worried about her lately."

Cross-examined. I have made inquiries about prisoner and her family. Both her parents died in an asylum. She was a highly respectable woman.

(Defence.)

FRANCIS EDWARD FORWARD , medical officer at Holloway Prison. Prisoner was admitted on July 4. She was suffering from great mental distress, dejected and depressed, and there were evidences of mental confusion. When I asked her why she did this she said, "I thought I would put her out of her misery. I did not think of the consequences. Oh that I could undo it." I inquired into her history. My opinion is that at the time of committing this act she was of unsound mind and not responsible for her actions.

Verdict, Guilty, but insane at time of commission of offence.

Prisoner was ordered to be detained during His Majesty's pleasure.

Before THE RECORDER.

(Friday, February 7.)

GROVES, Betsy (32) , unlawfully knowingly living in part on the earnings of prostitution of Mary Goldberg and unlawfully for the purposes of gain exercising control over the movements of a prostitute in such a manner as to show she was aiding and abetting her prostitution; unlawfully procuring a girl to become a common prostitute and to leave her usual place of abode in the United Kingdom with intent that she should become the inmate of a brothel within the King's dominions for the purposes of prostitution.

Prisoner pleaded guilty to the first indictment, and the other was not proceeded with.

A previous conviction was proved.

Sentence, Nine months' hard labour.

Before JUDGE RENTOUL.

(Friday, February 7.)

JAMES, Thomas (28, labourer), and JONES, Arthur (32, sign fixer), both robbing with violence William Ransom and stealing from his person one watch, his goods.

Mr. McMahon prosecuted.

WILLIAM RANSOM , porter, 16, Highbury Crescent, N. I was in Holloway Road about midnight on January 21, when I was stopped by the two prisoners. James threw his left arm round me; with the right hand he dipped into my waistcoat pocket and extracted my watch, and remarked, "Shout, you b----, and I'll kill you." I snatched the watch back from James and saw the other prisoner immediately in front of me. I broke away from them and, seeing two constables, gave them into custody.

Cross-examined. Jones did not touch me at all.

Police-Constable WILLIAM WALLACE , 450, N. About midnight on January 21 I saw the two prisoners stop the last witness. James put his left arm round Ransom's waist and took his watch. I immediately came out of a doorway. Ransom said, "I give the two men into custody for taking my watch." I took them to the station and they were charged. They had had a glass or two of beer, but they were not the worse for drink. They knew very well what they were doing.

Police-Constable GEORGE JONES , 142 N, who was in company with the last witness, corroborated.

(Defence.)

THOMAS JAMES (prisoner, on oath). My friend and me went out at seven in the evening to have a drink. We went into the Horse and Groom, Holloway Road, and stopped there till we could not get any more beer. It was nearly turning-out time. We came out and went up the road to the Swan, near the Highbury Road Picture Palace; then these two constables claimed me, for what I don't know. I thought I was to be charged with being drunk. I was not two minutes' walk from home.

ARTHUR JONES (prisoner, on oath). I have a letter here from the managing director of the firm for whom I have been working and he gives me a good character. I was never in trouble before of any sort. I went with this chap to the Horse and Groom, and when we came out I saw a constable get hold of him and then one came for me. We had had a good deal to drink, but I have never done anything dishonest. I did not touch prosecutor, and I did not see what the other man did.

Verdict, James guilty of robbery without violence; Jones not guilty.

James confessed to having been convicted, at London Sessions, on September 21, 1909, in the name of John Castledine, of felony, and several other convictions were proved.

Sentence, Eighteen months' hard labour.

LANGSTONE, James (33, stationer), pleaded guilty of, having been entrusted with certain property, to wit, the several sums of £2 10s., £1 5s., and £2 9s. for a certain purpose, and having received the same for and on account of certain other persons, unlawfully did fraudulently convert the same to his own use and benefit.

It was stated that the money was taken as subscriptions to a Christmas club and that there was a sum of about £80 deficient. There were no previous convictions.

Sentence: Two months' imprisonment, second division, Judge Rentoul remarking that that was a light sentence, passed in view of the possibility of prisoner paying back some of the money.

SELBY, William (27, stoker) , robbing with violence Bertha Dagon and stealing from her person one purse and £3 10s., her goods and moneys; assaulting said Bertha Dagon and thereby occasioning actual bodily harm to her.

Mr. Beresford prosecuted.

Prisoner was tried on the first indictment.

Police-constable FRANK GEORGE WAYLETT , 21 KR, proved plans for use in the case.

BERTHA DAGON , widow, 21, Sidney Buildings, Poplar. On December 29 at 12.30 a.m. I was in East India Dock Road, by North Street, walking towards the "Dock House" public-house. A man came up to me whom I had never met before and asked me if I knew him. I said, "No, I have never seen you before in my life." Then he asked me if I knew some girl named Carrie. I replied, "I know her and I have not seen her for some time." He told me that two days before he had arrived by the ship "Moravian," and could not find her. We walked on towards the "Dock House," and then I went by myself to my house. As soon as I reached there I went upstairs and he was behind me. I turned off the gas, and he took me by the back way and choked me. Then I fell on my knees and asked him for pity. I do not remember what happened to me after that till I came to about 10 hours later. I was lying on the floor of the bedroom. When the man assaulted me I was in the sitting-room. At that time I had a handbag containing a purse and £3 10s. in money, two pawntickets, a bunch of keys, and a little metal watch. The purse and money had gone when I came round. I had very bad pains and blue marks on my left side, my skin was cracked in a few places. I was very bad. I could not speak or swallow and there were blood marks across my mouth. I went straight to Mr. Taylor's shop at High Street, Poplar, and there found the young lady, Carrie. I was offered a glass of water and I fainted there. She took me to her place and I fainted there, and I was very sick all day long. After I came round at my place I found this handkerchief in the bedroom.

Cross-examined by prisoner. When I came round I went to borrow some money, as you had left me none. The girl I had spoken of is Carrie Bennett. I did not complain to the police on the way because I was so sick that I do not remember seeing any. I do not know my neighbours and I had to go somewhere. I did not show you a photo before you left me. About four years ago I rented a room in Harrow Lane, but I never met you there.

CAROLINE BENNETT , tailoress, 15, Grove Villas, Poplar. When prosecutrix, who I have known for four or five years, came to Taylor's shop she was very excited and troubled, and when I asked her what the matter was she did not answer me. She had a few scratches and a bruise on her throat and bruises on the chin and jaw. Then we went to my place. I went to her place about 11 o'clock next day and afterwards saw prisoner. I said to him, "Hullo, you nice beauty, what have you been up to? Isn't it about time you took over a new life?" He did not answer me, but started to cry. I recollect a man named Sam and an incident which took place of the breaking of some crockery.

BERNARD TAYLOR , grocer, High Street, Poplar, gave corroborative evidence of the condition of prosecutrix.

Sergeant WILLIAM BRADLEY , K Division. About 9.30 on December 30 prosecutrix came to the police station and made a statement. I found she had two or three scratches on the lower part of the throat and one running crosswise a little higher up and a swelling on the left of the chin. I afterwards saw prisoner in custody. He said, "She knows me by going to the 'Railway Tavern' and the 'Dock House.'" When he was put up for identification prosecutrix picked him out without any trouble. I found on him a handkerchief of the same size and similar material to that left behind at the house.

Police-surgeon O'BRIEN , K Division. I examined prosecutrix in the early morning of January 1. She was in a very weak and agitated condition, very pale, pulse very weak, and a distinct bruising on the left-hand side of the neck. It was probably a few days old. The injuries were consistent with the story told.

WILLIAM SELBY (prisoner, not on oath). I absolutely deny the charge that has been brought against me as regards the assault and stealing the money.

Verdict, Guilty. The second indictment was not proceeded with.

Prisoner confessed to having been convicted, at London Sessions, on December 5, 1911, of felony, and five other convictions were proved.

Sentence: Eighteen months' hard labour.

VALENCIA, Jack Emanuel (32, tailor) , obtaining by false pretences from Asrael Weller three rolls of cloth, with intent to defraud; stealing one coat and other articles the goods of Myer Gold.

Prisoner pleaded guilty to the first indictment and this plea was accepted.

Mr. T. Beresford prosecuted; Mr. Purcell appeared for prisoner.

Prisoner (who was given an excellent character) was released on his own recognisances in £50 and one surety in £50 to come up for judgment if called upon.

BEFORE MR. JUSTICE RIDLEY.

(Saturday, February 8.)

PYE, George (51, labourer), and PYE, Daisy (21, laundress), George Pye unlawfully and carnally knowing two female persons, knowing them to be his daughters; Daisy Pye unlawfully permitting a male person to have carnal knowledge of her, knowing him to be her father.

Mr. Cecil Whiteley and Mr. Neville Anderson prosecuted; Mr. J. Wells Thatcher defended Daisy Pye.

At the close of the evidence the prosecution withdrew the case as against Daisy Pye, Mr. Thatcher saying that she had obviously been under the coercion of her father. As to her a verdict of Not guilty was returned.

Verdict (George Pye), Guilty on all counts.

Sentence: Seven years' penal servitude.

Before THE RECORDER.

(Saturday, February 8.)

BURNETT, Sydney , unlawfully using the Freemason's Hall, Mount Pleasant, Plumstead, for the purpose of unlawful gaming being carried on therein and conducting the business thereof, the same being kept and used for the purpose of unlawful gaming being carried on therein.

Mr. Bodkin and Mr. Shearman prosecuted; Mr. E. E. Wild, K.C., and Mr. Gordon Smith defended.

Mr. Bodkin opened the case.

(Monday, February 10.)

Police-Constable BENJAMIN LEEK , 601 R. On December 21 Sergeant Baker and I went to the Freemason's Hall. I arranged to play with him all the evening as partners. The defendant was in charge. Sergeant Baker purchased a scoring card. We paid 6d. for the miniature drive. There were 16 tables at that. One hand of whist was played at each table. The winning couple went to the next table, the losing couple remained. Each table had a card affixed to it indicating what the trumps would be. We out for deal. The cards were dealt face downwards. The last card was not turned up. After 16 hands were played the score of each pair was added up. The pair

that got the highest aggregate score received the first prize. After an interval of 15 minutes we began again with a new scoring card, which cost 1s. 2d. for the two. We played 24 hands. There were three prizes. We went again on the 23rd. The games were conducted in exactly the same way. There were 144 players at 36 tables. We went again on the 26th; there were 18 tables and 72 players. I know the difference between partner whist and progressive whist. In the latter you change partners each hand. In partner drives the element of chance is less than the element of skill. The drives were well conducted. No alcohol was sold. The prizes were useful ones. I used to go as an ordinary player, not as a detective. Sergeant Baker played very well. I am not an expert player. On our three cards we got scores of 148, 157, and 147. In the miniature game we scored 46. We were uniformly unsuccessful. If we had known a little more about the game we might have done better. Having a fixed trump does not make it more a game of chance.

Inspector ALFRED WILLIAMS , H. On December 4 I had a conversation with defendant at Woolwich Police Station about whist drives. I told him they were illegal. He said if we decided to prosecute he would give us facilities to see the game played. I saw him again on December 17 and told him we had no option but to prosecute if he continued the drives.

Cross-examined. I do not know the details of a recent partner whist prosecution. Inspector Woodcock saw the defendant before I did. I know defendant has taken up the attitude that he is doing a legal act.

Mr. E. E. Wild submitted there was no case to go to the Jury. (Overruled.)

(Defence.)

SYDNEY BURNETT (prisoner, on oath). I am employed in the Woolwich Arsenal. I have played whist some 20 years. It is absolutely a game of skill. I used to organise whist drives on behalf of an association. They presented me with a gold watch in recognition of my services. In October, 1911, I commenced whist drives at Freemason's Hall. Ninety per cent. of the players are Arsenal men and their wives. Most of them are expert players. The drives originally were ordinary progressive. Since the case of Morris v. Godfrey I introduced partner drives. I consider them legal. I consider it a game where skill predominates over chance. It increases the skill of the game not to have the trump card shown. In addition to the ordinary prizes there is an aggregate prize. Those that do not win a prize hand in their cards at the end of the evening and they choose their partners for a whole month. At the end of the month the scores are totalled up and the lady and gentleman with the highest score take prizes. The games are conducted in silence and proper time is given for playing each hand. The games are over at 11 o'clock at the latest. The profit for the 14 months of the whist drives and refreshment bar was £58.

Cross-examined. I ran the partner drive system before the decision in Morris v. Godfrey. The players are mainly acquainted with each other. They pick their partners from knowledge of their skill. I am in the room and watch their play. I very often inform a player that so-and-so is a good player. I advertised the meetings in the local papers. The profit I make is partly the motive for continuing the drives. The room is open to anybody and everybody that comes is respectably dressed and clean. Some people play better than others. The system of selling the cards determines who is going to play agains. whom. Whether the pair who purchase one card are as good players as the pair who purchase another is purely a matter of chance. I would not agree that the way in which the playing-cards run is the main determining factor. If you take the abnormal the predominance of the cards would override skill, but not if you take the normal. Two gentlemen playing together have two tricks deducted. I do not agree with the officer who said there is more chance in progressive whist than in ordinary whist. I agree with the Lord Chief Justice on that point.

JAMES HENRY UNDERWOOD . I am examiner of forgings in the Royal Arsenal. I have known defendant since a lad. I know him as a man of unimpeachable character. I have played whist 23 years. I consider it a game of skill. Much is made of the fact that the deal controls the game, but my experience goes to show that the deal or succession of deals only lends infinite variety to the game, and the subsequent combinations of cards affords many problems in conjunction with your partner's hands which only skilled players can solve. The average player will solve a few, but the average unskilled player will solve very few. I have attended very few of these meetings. They are very respectable people who go, and they are a fair class of average skilled players. I generally play with my wife when I go. I played with her from January, 1912, to January, 1913. In that time we won 26 prizes playing together and four prizes when playing separately. By choosing your partner, if your partner is equally skilled as yourself you have an infinitely better chance of winning a prize or securing a higher aggregate score than by taking a partner lesser skilled than yourself. I think by having a highly skilled partner to play with the game is emphatically a game of skill; in fact, the predominant feature is skill. I have won three aggregate prizes. I think the aggregate sheet is the best test of skill you can imagine.

Cross-examined. The reason my wife won three prizes and I only one when I had not her as a partner is accounted for by the fact that I was playing at another club and was not able to attend Mr. Burnett's drives. I have noticed the general feeling prevailing between skilled players is such that when one highly-skilled couple meets another highly-skilled couple scoring the odd trick it invariably gives them more satisfaction than when playing against a less skilled couple and getting a matter of 10 tricks. There is an element of chance entering into every sport and every game, but to my mind

the deal of the cards, dealing with it in the abstract, is merely an incident in the game.

FLORENCE MORGAN . My husband is employed at the Arsenal. I have played whist about ten years. I consider myself a good player. I have played at Mr. Burnett's drives ever since he started at Freemasons' Hall every Monday evening. I play with Mr. Walkden and sometimes with my husband. I have won eight or nine prizes with Mr. Walkden. The players are what I should call the upper set of the artisan class. They are mostly very good players. I consider whist a game of skill. I have won aggregate prizes two months running.

Cross-examined. You do not get prizes for nothing; you have to use a certain amount of skill and you have to think what you are doing all the evening or else you would not get good points.

Mrs. EMMA WEST gave similar evidence.

EDITH PYNE . I have known Mr. Burnett eight or nine years. He bears an honourable character. I play whist, but do not pretend to be expert. I know the people who go to these whist drives. I think they tend to improve the social life.

Verdict, Not guilty.

BEFORE MR. JUSTICE RIDLEY.

(Monday, February 10.)

KNOWLES, Thomas Charles (19, grocer's assistant) , feloniously attempting to set fire to a certain building with intent to injure.

Mr. W. A. Jowitt prosecuted; Mr. Purcell defended.

ARTHUR EAST , general manager, Ruislip and District Co-operative Society. Four years ago prisoner was manager of our Ruislip branch; 18 months ago he was transferred to our Uxbridge branch as an assistant; two months ago he was sent back to Ruislip as a junior assistant. On January 7, about 6.20 p.m., I was in my office when there was an alarm of fire. In the baker's loft there was a great deal of smoke and in a lumber room adjoining we found on the floor a heap of woolwork and sack smouldering. To get to the lumber room one had to go through the loft. The fire having been got under I asked prisoner if he had been anywhere near the loft; he said he had not.

Cross-examined. Prisoner is a shareholder in the society. Altogether there are 15 persons employed at this branch.

JOSEPH WAGSTAFFE , baker. On this evening I went to the bake-house about 5 p.m. About six I saw prisoner going up the stairs leading to the loft; I heard him go across the lumber room; he was up there about three minutes. About 6.20 Belcher gave an alarm of fire. Five minutes after prisoner went up I saw Chilton go up; he remained there about a minute.

To the Court. I have no doubt that it was prisoner I saw; he had nothing in his hands; he had no business whatever to go up to the loft.

JOHN LITTLEWORTH , another employee. I saw prisoner at the foot of the stairs leading to the loft about six o'clock; he said he smelt fire; I said it was not fire, it was only the bakehouse grease in the ovens; he said he would go up and see, and he went up to the loft. I went into the shop. Three minutes afterwards prisoner came in; I asked him if he had seen anything in the loft; he said he had not been in the loft; I said, "I am sure I saw you go into the loft"; he said, "I am sure you did not; I only went half way up the stairs and down again."

ARTHUR HOLT BAKER , another employee, corroborated Littleworth as to the conversation last detailed.

HENRY JAMES CHILTON , president of the society. On this evening, about 6.5 p.m., I had occasion to go up these stairs; coming down I noticed that the gas was alight in the loft. If there had been any smoke or fire at that time I must have noticed it.

Police-constable ALBERT BROWNSELL , 304 X. I was called to the place at 6.30; the fire was still smouldering. In the loft, in prisoner's presence, Wagstaffe said, "I was in the bakehouse making dough, when I heard a noise overhead; I at once went to the bottom of the stairs and I saw Knowles coming down the stairs"; prisoner made no remark. I told him I should arrest him, and he said, "I must admit I went through the room."

JOHN BELCHER spoke of giving the alarm of fire.

(Defence.)

THOMAS CHARLES KNOWLES (prisoner, on oath). Up to this there has been no suggestion against my character. I live with my parents. On January 7 Miss Taylor, the cashier, spoke to me about a smell of fire or "a funny smell"; I said it was the bakehouse hams cooking. Later on Littleworth told me he smelt fire; I told him to go and have a look round; he did not take the trouble, so I said I would have a look. I went half way up the stairs; it was dark, so I came down again. I swear that I did not go near the loft. I had no hand in causing the fire.

Cross-examined. I do not know that any of the witnesses have any ill will towards me. There had been a smell of fire all this day; it was made fun of, really. I admit that I said at the police court that I had a grievance against Mr. East in regard to my transference from one branch to the other; I had no grievance, really, but I did not like being shifted.

JOSHUA KNOWLES , prisoner's father, said that his son had always lived at home and bore the character of a steady, well-behaved youth.

Verdict, Guilty, with a strong recommendation to mercy.

It was stated that there had been three other fires at the place, within a few days of this occurrence, all subsequently to prisoner being transferred to Ruislip.

Sentence: Six months' hard labour.

LUFF, Edward Henry (23, motor driver) , manslaughter of Mary Constance Lewis; having the charge of a certain vehicle, to wit, a taximeter motor cab, unlawfully by wanton driving and wilful neglect did cause certain bodily harm to Helen Constance Douglas.

Mr. Bodkin and Mr. Boyd prosecuted; Mr. Moyses defended.

Police-constable JOSEPH PEARCE, 345 B, proved a plan.

HELEN CONSTANCE DOUGLAS , 2, Union Street, Pimlico. I acted as housekeeper for my cousin, Miss Mary Constance Lewis. On Christmas Day we went out to go to Fulham; it was raining. At Oakley Street we had to cross the road; before we started to cross we looked over the Albert Bridge and saw nothing. I was on Miss Lewis's right-hand side, my left arm in her right arm. We had got nearly across, about half a yard from the further kerb, when I was knocked down and found myself under a cab; I crawled out and walked to the Pier Hotel, holding on to the wall. Miss Lewis was a very active woman, with good sight and hearing. My own sight and hearing on the right side are defective. I heard no sound of a hooter. We were taken to the hospital, where my cousin died.

Cross-examined. We walked straight across and did not hesitate.

MICHAEL O'SULLIVAN , caretaker, St. Leonard's Mansions, Smith Street, Chelsea. I was standing outside the Pier Hotel when I saw the two ladies walk across Oakley Street; I do not think they were arm-in-arm. When they were within four or six feet of the pavement a taxicab, coming from Albert Bridge direction, knocked both of them down. I heard no sound of a hooter. The cab was going about 12 or 15 miles an hour. Prisoner drove the two women to the hospital; I was there, too. On being told that one woman was killed, prisoner said to me, "This will mean something for me; I tried to pull up, but I could not, as the road was greasy," I saw no hesitation on the part of the women as they crossed.

Police-constable ALEXANDER KENNEDY , 190 B. I was standing at the corner of Oakley Street and Cheyne Walk. As the two ladies were crossing the road towards me I saw a taxicab leaving the approach to Albert Bridge, about 25 to 30 yards away; it came straight on, did not slacken speed, and knocked the women down; it was going about 12 miles an hour. I heard no hooter. There was no traffic about. There was plenty of room for the cab to have passed to the right of the women. The road was slightly greasy from the rain. I went with prisoner in the cab with the ladies to the hospital. He said to me, "You had better make a note of that lady's eyes"—meaning Miss Douglas.

Cross-examined. The women were arm-in-arm. Prisoner rendered all the assistance he could after the occurrence. He was perfectly sober. So far as I know he is a young man of good character and reputation.

JOSEPH ELLIOTT , Inspector of Public Carriages. On the morning after this occurrence I examined prisoner's cab; the machinery was in perfect order. The near back wheel was fitted with a non-skid band.

PAULINE SEARLE , nurse, Anti-Vivisection Hospital, Battersea. Deceased was admitted about 6.40 p.m. on December 25; she died within a few minutes.

Inspector ISRAEL BEDFORD, B Division, proved the arrest; prisoner made no reply to the charge.

(Defence.)

EDWARD HENRY LUFF (prisoner, on oath). I have had considerable experience in driving motor vehicles in London, and have never had an accident before this. On this evening I was coming over Albert Bridge. I noticed the two ladies just getting off the kerb in Oakley Street; they were about 15 yards from me; I was going about 12 to 14 miles an hour. I had my foot brake on and was sounding the hooter. The women hesitated, and I thought they had stopped to let me go by; I accelerated a little to pass between them and the kerb; they made a dash for the kerb and it was impossible for me to avoid them. I sounded the hooter when I was quite near to them, and shouted as well.

ELLA MASKELL . I was standing at the corner of Oakley Street. I saw the two ladies on the opposite side of the road; I saw the taxi coming slowly over the bridge and heard the driver sound his hooter. The women stopped in the middle of the road; they seemed to hesitate; the driver started to go on, at the same time the woman darted forward and both were knocked down. I am a perfect stranger to the parties and volunteered this evidence.

Verdict, Not guilty.

BEFORE THE COMMON SERJEANT.

(Monday, February 10, and Tuesday, February 11.)

BERLINER, Shira (32, tailor) , unlawfully taking an unmarried girl, under the age of 18 years, out of the possession and against the will of her father with intent that she should be unlawfully and carnally known by himself, and unlawfully by false representations procuring the said girl, she not being a common prostitute nor of known immoral character, to have unlawful carnal connection.

Mr. Bodkin and Mr. Roome prosecuted; Mr. Purcell and Mr. St. John Hutchison defended.

Verdict, Guilty of taking unmarried girl under 18 out of possession and against the will of her father with intent to carnally know her; Not guilty of other charge.

Sentence: Twelve months' hard labour.

BEFORE MR. JUSTICE AVORY.

(Tuesday, February 11.)

GODSELL, Albert Ernest (36, painter), and GODSELL, Alice (35), both indicted for and charged on coroner's inquisition with the manslaughter of James William Godsell; both indicted for and charged on coroner's inquisition with the manslaughter of >Edwin Charles Godsell; both, having the custody of James William Godsell, Edwin Charles Godsell, George Godsell and Albert Godsell, children respectively under the age of 14 years, unlawfully and wilfully did neglect them in a manner likely to cause them unnecessary suffering and injury to health, Albert Ernest Godsell being interested in certain sums of money payable on the respective deaths of James William Godsell and Edwin Charles Godsell.

Mr. Clarke Hall prosecuted; Mr. J. F. Vesey FitzGerald defended A. E. Godsell; Mr. Tully-Christie (at the request of the Court) defended Alice Godsell.

Prisoners were tried on the first indictment.

DR. FRANK GIRDLER . On January 7, about 9.30 p.m., I went to 4, Morton Terrace, Pimlico, where prisoners resided, and saw them both. The woman told me that the child James had had a dirty head since Christmas; that since the previous Sunday had had diarrhœa and sickness; and that she had given him some ointment and powder from a chemist's. I saw the child, about four years old; it was in an exceedingly weak condition, moribund. I prescribed Valentine's meat juice and suitable stimulants to revive the child, and said it should go to the hospital. After midnight the male prisoner came to me and said the child was very bad. I went at once, and the child was then dead. I reported the case to the coroner. On January 8 I made a post-mortem examination. The body was in an extremely emaciated condition; the head was covered with lice; there were several ulcers; these must have been in growth for a fortnight before death; any person might have seen that the child was suffering. If it had been medically attended to its life would certainly have been prolonged. The cause of death was syncope owing to want of proper assimilation of food, caused by blood poisoning set up by the vermin on the head.

Cross-examined by Mr. FitzGerald. The woman told me that she had been treating the child's head since Christmas. Poor people very often omit to call in a doctor and go to the chemist in such cases. The child was decently covered, and there was a fire in the room. There were no signs of bruises or violence on the body.

Cross-examined by Mr. Tully-Christie. At the post-mortem I found that the treatment I had ordered the night before had been carried out. The mother appeared to be greatly concerned about the child She is not an educated woman.

MRS. EMILY FOSTER , 4, Morton Terrace. Prisoners lodged with me. I noticed deceased playing about up till about Christmas. On July 4

I noticed that he had a towel round his head; I asked his mother what was the matter; she said he had a nasty sore, and she was afraid he would scratch it. I told her she ought to take him to the hospital. On January 6 I saw them again; I told the mother that she ought to have the doctor in; she said she had no money; I lent her a parcel to raise some money on. That night I saw her; she said she had been to the chemist and got some lotion or ointment; she said she had got 3s. 6d. on my parcel. Next day I heard the boy, and I told prisoner she must have a doctor; she said she would fetch him in presently. Prisoners have been living with me for twelve months; the man is a sober and thorough hardworking man.

Cross-examined. The mother always seemed found of her children. When I advised her to take the child to the hospital she replied that she dreaded the hospital. The father also was very fond of the children, and seemed much upset when he found how bad this child was.

GEORGE PARISH , Inspector of the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children. I have known prisoners since January, 1912. On January 8 last I went to 4, Morton Terrace; prisoners occupied three rooms there. I saw this child lying dead on the bed; there were vermin crawling all over his face; the bed was filthy and verminous and badly stained with urine and excrement. On January 25 of 1912 I had called on prisoners; the home was in a very filthy condition; the male prisoner said he would see to it. I called in February and March, and found conditions improved, and the case was dropped.

Cross-examined: The husband is a respectable, hard-working man; he is a coach-painter, and works very long hours.

Inspector ISRAEL BEDFORD . On January 9, after the coroner's inquest, I arrested both prisoners; neither made any reply to the charge. We found two policies of insurance relating to this child.

GEORGE BROWN , collector for the London and Manchester Insurance Company (called by the prosecution; cross-examined by Mr. FitzGerald). I have known A. E. Godsell for two years. He has effected with me life insurances on himself, his wife, and his four children. He had been insuring with my company for seven years.

(Defence.)

ALBERT ERNEST GODSELL (prisoner, on oath). I am a coach-builder's painter, and earn about 37s. 6d. a week; I work from 9 a.m. to 9 p.m.; I am at work on Saturday afternoons and Sundays. I have been continually complaining to and quarrelling with my wife about the condition of our house. Two or three days after Christmas I noticed that this child had a sore on his head, and called the wife's attention to it, and said she had better take him to the hospital; she said she would see to it. I did not know the child was really ill until I came home on January 7 at 10 p.m. The wife said she had seen the doctor, who had said the child was to have Valentine's meat juice; I gave her the money to fetch it. We gave him what the doctor had ordered.

He made a whiny noise, and the wife went across to him and said, "Look, he is in a fit." I ran and fetched Mrs. Foster and then ran for the doctor; when he came the child was dead.

Three witnesses to character were called on behalf of the male prisoner.

Verdict, A. E. Godsell, Not guilty; Alice Godsell, Not guilty of manslaughter; Guilty of neglecting child; recommended to mercy. The remaining indictments were not proceeded with.

Inspector ISRAEL BEDFORD said that from inquiries he had made he could only give the female prisoner a very bad character. She gave way to drink and neglected her home.

Sentence (February 12): Alice Godsell, Six months' imprisonment, second division.

BEFORE THE RECORDER.

(Tuesday, February 11.)

BROOKS, Albert (27, police-constable); WETHERILL, Maurice (24, police-constable); and SMITHE, William (27, police-constable) . All unlawfully assaulting George Frederick Chapman and Ellen Chapman; Wetherill and Smithe, committing wilful and corrupt perjury.

Mr. Muir, Mr. Travers Humphreys, Mr. Waldo Briggs, and Mr. Adrian Clark prosecuted; Mr. Curtis Bennett and Mr. Ivor Snell defended.

GEORGE FREDERICK CHAPMAN , linotype operator, Shacklewell Lane, N.E. On December 1 I left my brother-in-law's house, 94, Hoxton Street, between 12.50 and 1 a.m. My wife and little boy were with me. At 12.53 we were waiting for a tram at the corner of Essex Street. I was as sober as I am now. Three men came along from the direction of Stamford Hill and bundled us unceremoniously into the road. My wife remonstrated with them. They turned round. Wetherill said, "Go away you b----cow." My wife raised her umbrella and struck him across the face. There was a slight scuffle and my wife was sent flat on her back. I went to her assistance, raised her to her feet and before I was in a standing position myself I received several severe blows on the head and was knocked to the ground. I could not say positively who struck me, but immediately I got upon my feet Wetherill attacked me like a madman. I endeavoured to defend myself as well as I could and keep an eye on the little boy and his wife. While doing so I saw my wife knocked or pushed down twice by Smithe or Brooks. I saw my wife knock Smithe's hat off. She picked it up and raised it as if to throw it over the hoarding, but realising that the hoarding was too high she dropped it on to the ground. I was then knocked down again by Wetherill. On getting to my feet I saw my wife running after the other two, who were in the act of running away. I followed to the corner of Falkirk Street, but we could not see any sign of the men. We went back and

found Wetherill searching for a ring he said he had lost. He was alone. I said to him that I did not think much of his pals for running away. I believe he said, "Neither do I." At that time I had no idea he was a policeman. I do not remember seeing a soul pass by. There were only two people got on or off the car that stopped. While Wetherill was searching for his ring a uniformed constable came up. My wife said to him, "I want this man locked up and also the two men that have run away." Just about the same time she spotted one of the others returning. That was Smithe. The constable in uniform did not answer my wife, but began to put his hand on my shoulder saying, "What is the trouble, old man?" I said something to the effect, "It is alright. There is no trouble. I am going." At the same time Wetherill attacked me in a most cowardly manner from behind again. He took me by one arm, Smithe took me by the other. They took me to the station and locked me up. The uniformed constable was present all the time. My wife followed me to the station. When they got me to the station they pushed me into a chair and Wetherill struck me in the eye, blackening it. There were two reserve men, I was told afterwards, there at the time. They were at the other end of the room. Shortly afterwards Inspector Newman came in. I was charged with being drunk. The inspector would not accept that. I was then charged with being one of seven men standing at the corner as they came along, one of whom was supposed to have said, "Here comes two f----g constables, let us down them." And I am supposed to have struck Wetherill in the mouth. There is no truth in that. I never used such an expression in my life. There were no seven men there. Smithe said very little: he just corroborated the charge. He said in the charge room, "This means a month to-morrow for you." I made insistent demands for my doctor to be sent for. They would not send for him. After about an hour the divisional-surgeon arrived and dressed my ear.

Cross-examined. I had one glass of beer with my supper at 8 o'clock at the "Standard" Office. A bottle of beer at a public-house after 10.30, some stout with my supper at my brother-in-law's, and a small drop of whiskey when I left there. I do not identify Brooks as one of the three men who committed the assault. I do not think it was Smithe who struck me; he seemed to be too far away. I saw Smithe and the other man disappear round the corner, then I went back to Wetherill. The uniformed constable did not immediately come up. Wetherill struck me again in the presence of the uniformed constable. I heard what my wife said to the constable. He came straight to me, seeing the condition I was in I suppose. I was placed in the charge room on a chair by the side of the dock. The inspector came through a door near the dock. There is another door that was open the whole time. It is not a small room. The reserve officers were at the other end of the room, walking up and down when Wetherill struck me in the face. They had nothing to do with me. There was another man in uniform, but I do not say I saw him as I was taken in. I could not hear what the inspector said when it was suggested that I was drunk. He shook his head and refused that.

Next I heard him say, "Not drunk." I gathered he thought I was under the influence of drink. I did not hear the whole of his sentence. Wetherill and Smithe then gave the inspector their account of what had happened. When they had done so I said, "Speak the truth." I did not say a word about having been struck in the station. As far as I remember I did not say at the police court, "I have never stated that my wife was struck." I say she was pushed. To the best of my recollection I have not said she was struck. I may have said so when I was charged, because I was in a very bad state. I did not say anything to the doctor as to how the injury to my eye was caused. I do not remember saying at the police court, "I told the inspector generally what had happened." He said, "You had better not say too much." The last part referred to my persistent demands for my doctor to be sent for. I believe at the time of the assault Wetherill was knocked to the ground by me. He was not insensible. All his injuries were not inflicted by me. When he made the bull-rush at me he might have hurt himself. He certainly defended himself. After he knocked me down I attacked him with my fist. I could not tell you where I struck him. When I received the blow in the police-station I said, "You coward." I do not think I shouted.

Re-examined. The reason I did not complain to the uniformed constable was that I had lost a considerable amount of blood and all I thought about was getting home. The reason I did not complain to the inspector at the station was that I was flabbergasted at the charge. When they multiplied me into seven men it was enough to take the wheel off.

Police-constable ALFRED RALPH, 471 G, proved a plan of the neighbourhood of the assault.

ELLEN CHAPMAN , wife of first witness. I spent the evening of December 1 at my brother-in-law's, Mr. Head. We left there about 12.53, myself, my husband, and my little boy. We walked to the corner of Essex Street waiting for the car. Three men came and knocked us into the road. They were the prisoners. They were the worse for drink and were singing. The middle man was Brooks. I protested. With that Wetherill threw me down, abused me, and called me a b----cow. I struck him with the umbrella on the face or head. He knocked me to the ground. My husband came up. He said it was hardly the way to behave in the street, whereupon the whole three men struck him while in a stooping position. I called them "Cowards, three men to one." Then my husband seemed to be left with Wetherill. I raised my umbrella and knocked Smithe's hat off. My umbrella was taken away, and broken by Brooks. I was knocked to the ground again. I tried to throw Smithe's hat over the hoarding; it was too high. After that I spoke to Brooks and Smithe. Brooks pushed his face into mine, and said, "Go away." I said, "I do not intend going away until I have had you locked up." Smithe was there then. Wetherill was not. I was again knocked down by Brooks. Smithe and Brooks then ran away down Falkirk Street. I went after them. When I got to the corner there was no sign of them. I came back with my husband and little boy, and found Wetherill looking for

his ring. I told him I intended to have him locked up, and should make him give the names and addresses of the two men who ran away, because he must know them. My husband said something about he had two nice friends to run away. After that there was a policeman in uniform there. I told him I wanted Wetherill locked up and two others. I said, "Here is one of the men." That was Smithe, who was in the middle of the road. The officer in uniform said to my husband, in the hearing of Wetherill, "What's up, old man?" My husband was then bleeding. Wetherill came and struck him. My husband said he wanted to get away home, "I have had enough." Smithe and Wetherill got hold of my husband's arms. I said to the uniformed officer, "You allow these men to take my husband after you have seen what he has done?" He said, "I am very sorry, madam, I cannot interfere; they are plain-clothes policemen." My husband was taken to the station by Wetherill. I followed with my little boy to the police station. I had not opportunity of complaining at the station. I subquently got bail for my husband. He was brought up next day and discharged. On December 7 I went to Old Street Police Station and saw 32 men in plain clothes. I identified Brooks. I have no doubt whatever that he is the man. I first picked out another man. It was a very bad light.

Cross-examined. I said at the police court the prisoners were the worse for drink. I say so now. I was thrown upon the ground three times. The roads and pavements were very dirty. I showed the mud on my dress to the inspector; I heard him deny this in the police court.

Inspector WILLIAM FRENCH , G. On December 7, at 7 p.m., I had the single men who were in the section house paraded for the purpose of identifying a third man who was alleged to have been engaged in the assault. There were 34 men. The men were drawn up in two lines. The third man in the front line was Brooks. Mrs. Chapman stopped at the third man, looked very hard at him, and passed on. After she got to the end of the line she turned back and stopped at Brooks again. She said, "I am almost positive that is the man, but I would not swear." She then saw the back row. She stopped when she arrived at the man Healy. She said, "That man is something like the man, but not so much as the other."

Inspector GEORGE NEWMAN , G. I was on duty at Old Street Police Station in the early morning of December 2 when Mr. Chapman was brought in by Wetherill and Smithe. Wetherill said at 12.55 he and Smithe were walking along Kingsland Road towards the police station, and as they passed Essex Street they saw seven men, a woman and child standing at the corner of that thoroughfare. As they passed one of the men said, "There goes two f----g coppers." Chapman then said, "If they are two coppers let us do them down," and immediately struck him a blow in the mouth with his fist. He followed that up with another blow on the forehead, which knocked him to the ground. He then recovered his feet and told Chapman he was a police officer and should arrest him. Smithe came to his assistance and Chapman struggled violently and he had to strike him several blows in the face

to subdue his violence. He said during the struggle he had lost his watch and chain and matchbox and a ring from the finger of his left hand. Chapman was suffering from a cut and contused left ear. Wetherill added, "I think he is drunk." I said, "No, he is certainly not drunk; he may be under the influence of drink, but that part must be dropped." At this time Smithe was in the charge room outside. He afterwards came in and practically corroborated Wetherill's statement. He said that Police-constable 525, Walker, appeared on the scene in uniform, and could not understand why he was not at the station. I sent for Walker. I said to him, "Wetherill tells me you know something of this matter." Brooks was not there. He said, "I was in Hoxton Street, when I heard a shouting in Kingsland Road. I went through Essex Street into Kingsland Road. Just before reaching there several young men ran away. I then saw Wetherill and Smithe struggling with Chapman." I asked him why he had not attended at the station. He said, "After I arrived there these men had run away and the man appeared to be going quietly. I did not think there was any necessity for me to come to the station. I went round the beat." Chapman appeared to have been roughly handled. I called in the police-surgeon, who dressed his injuries at 1.50 a.m. and Wetherill's at 2 a.m. Wetherill was on the sick list two days. Wetherill and I gave evidence before Mr. Byron, who dismissed the case there and then. Chapman made no complaint to me nor did he contradict the statements that were made. He said, "What, are you going to keep me? I did not know he was a policeman. I am satisfied and I think he ought to be." Chapman was charged with a common assault upon Wetherill. I saw Mrs. Chapman in the lobby outside the charge room. She said she had been pushed down and her husband had been assaulted. She was in a very excited condition. I thought she was under the influence of drink and I could not get a coherent story from her. If she received the treatment she alleges she received that would perhaps account for her condition. I was in charge at Old Street police station between 10 p.m. on December 1 and 2 a.m. on December 2. Police-constable Suckling, 159 G, was on duty in the charge room with instructions to attend telephone calls and Police-constable Bartle's duty was to stand in the lobby or inside the charge room until 4.30 a.m. I did not call the roll this night. The sergeant did so. It is his duty to report to me whether any men are absent. The single men are not allowed to be away from the station after midnight without permission. Bartle would attend to the cell fires; he is second reserve man. There is only one furnace. He would see to that once in two hours at the most. The doors of the police station are locked at midnight. If a constable wished to get into the station in a proper manner after that time he would have to pass through the charge room. If he entered in an improper manner he might climb the gates. Until Chapman was brought in we had only one prisoner. He was visited every half-hour. I understand from the sergeant that Brooks did not answer to his name that night. If the roll was called and he was not there he must have gone out before midnight.

(Wednesday, February 12.)

GEORGE HEAD , carman and contractor, 94, Hoxton Street. I am brother in-law to Mr. and Mrs. Chapman. They came to my house with their little boy on Sunday, December 1. Mrs. Chapman got there a little after nine; he came about 10.35 or 10.40 p.m. They left at 12.53. They were perfectly sober.

Sergeant FRANCIS BONE , 20 G. On December 1 I was on duty at Old Street Police Station. Constables who wanted to stop out late would have to apply to me for leave. Wetherill and Smithe had leave till 1 a.m. They went out at three in the afternoon. Brooks did not have leave. I went off station duty at 6 p.m.

Sergeant JOSEPH GOODALL . I was on duty at Old Street section house at midnight on December 1. Smithe and Wetherill were absent with leave; Brooks was absent without. Nobody else was absent.

Police-constable GEORGE BARTLE , 382 G. I went on duty at Old Street Police Station on December 1 at 10 p.m. till 6 a.m. next day. Before midnight the constables enter by the side door leading from the station to the private quarters. After that they have to come through the principal entrance. I locked the side door at midnight on December 1, and hung the key in the inspector's office. I was on duty in the charge room or the hall between midnight and 6 a.m. During that time I did not see Brooks come in or go out. I attended the cell fire once every two hours. That would take five minutes. I should inform Police-constable Suckling, who would be in the charge room, in my absence.

Police-constable WALTER SUCKLING , 159 G. I was on duty with last witness in the charge room from 10 p.m. to 6 a.m. unless I had to attend the telephone. I received four telephone messages between 11 and one, viz., 11.33, 12.25, 12.35 and 1.2. They were all short messages. Nobody could enter the station through the charge room without my seeing them if I was there. I did not see Brooks enter the station. I could not say if he slept in his cubicle that night.

Police-constable WALTER HEALY , 297 G. I got to the section house at 11.30 p.m. on December 1. I went to bed about 11.45. I was asleep at roll-call time. I got up next morning at eight. I did not leave the section house in between. I could not say whether Brooks slept in his cubicle that night.

Police-constable JOHN KERRIDGE , 340 G. On December 2, about 1.15 a.m., I went to 52, Grange Street, where a house had been broken into. From there I went to Hyde Road, which is about a mile from the police station. I was with two other officers. I saw Police-constable Brooks there in plain clothes.

Cross-examined. I saw Brooks at 1.40 a.m. He was perfectly sober. He said he would have done himself some good if he had been there between 1.30 and 2.30. He had had some information. I heard him say before I left, "If anything is said, you have seen me."

(Defence.)

MAURICE WETHERILL (prisoner, on oath). On Sunday, December 1, I had my day's leave. I obtained extra leave from 12 to 1. At 3 p.m. I left Old Street Station with Smithe. We went to Richmond to visit a relative of his. We left there at 9 p.m., arrived at Mansion House about 10.15, walked to Liverpool Street, where we had a glass of bitter, the only drink since leaving Richmond. We took a bus to Dalston Junction, then walked towards Stamford Hill, and started to come back about 11.50. We got to Kingsland Road, near the corner of Essex Street, about 12.50. We did not see Brooks anywhere that evening. There was no third person with us. At the corner of Essex Street and Kingsland Road I saw a crowd of nine or ten men and two or three women. Smithe and I got out into the roadway to go round them. Smithe was two steps in front of me. I heard someone say, "There goes two f----g coppers." Chapman said, "If they are f----g coppers, let's do them down." I heard someone running behind me. I half turned my head and saw Chapman. He struck me in the mouth with his fist and then on the forehead. I fell to the ground insensible. I had done nothing at all. On recovering myself I found my ring and watch and chain had gone. When I came to my senses I was lying beside the hoarding. The crowd was still there. I saw Chapman standing on the kerb. I told him I was a police officer and should take him into custody. He struck me several blows about the chest and I had to strike him back in self defence. My forehead and lip were cut. Police-constable Walker came up. At that time a lot of young fellows ran away through Falkirk Street. Smithe and I took Chapman to the station. I did not see Chapman upon the ground. I did not push Mrs. Chapman to the ground. I saw several women, but could not recognise Mrs. Chapman as being one of them. I did not see her doing anything with an umbrella. I did not see Chapman pick his wife up. I did not see Smithe run away. When I got up from the ground he was struggling with six or seven fellows. When we arrived at the police station the inspector said, "What is this?" I said, "Drunk and disorderly and assault." I formed the opinion that Chapman was not sober. It was an unprovoked assault upon me. I have been assaulted in this neighbourhood about eight times by people who have been charged and convicted.

Cross-examined. Having been assaulted before has not made me nervous of being assaulted again. The reason we went to Dalston after leaving Liverpool Street was that we had two hours to spare; we did not have to get in till 1 o'clock. I have not heard that Brooks was near Dalston that evening. I am quite sure it was Chapman who said, "If they are coppers, let us down them." None of the others responded to his invitation. I can suggest no reason why a perfectly respectable man having his wife and child with him should assault me. It is five minutes' walk from Essex Street to the station. I was insensible perhaps a couple of minutes. I was on the pavement when first Chapman assaulted me. Police-constable Walker arrived almost directly after

I had recovered consciousness. My first impulse was to arrest the man who knocked me down. I was able to cope with him by myself. When Police-constable Walker came up the others ran away and Smithe came to my assistance. As soon as Smithe came Chapman became very quiet. I cannot explain why Smithe and Walker did not pursue the others. I never saw Mrs. Chapman at all. I cannot explain how her umbrella got broken. I did not see any woman fighting during the disturbance. I was not unconscious during the whole time.

AGNES HEAD confirmed the evidence of her husband, George Head.

WILLIAM SMITHE (prisoner, on oath). I have been a constable in the G Division since April, 1909. No allegation has been made against me before. On Sunday, December 1, I went down to Richmond to visit a relative. I agree with the evidence of Wetherill as to our movements from the time we got back till we got to Kingsland Road, and the events that happened. The public-house in Liverpool Street was the only one I went into that evening. No third person was with us. I did not see Brooks anywhere that evening. Until Chapman struck Wetherill and knocked him down neither Mr. Chapman nor Mrs. Chapman had been struck. I went to Wetherill's assistance, when the other six or seven people got hold of me round the arms and by the neck. I could not say if Police-constable Walker then appeared upon the scene. When I went to Wetherill's assistance I saw Walker coming towards us. By that time there was a crowd of about 30 people there. I was under the impression Chapman, was under the influence of drink. He was not struck in the station. Since I have been in the district I have been assaulted about seven times. On each occasion my assailant has been prosecuted and convicted.

Cross-examined. I am quite sure Chapman said, "If they are coppers let us go for them." I have since heard that he is a respectable man. I do not know whether Wetherill was insensible after he was knocked down. When I got up to him he was holding Chapman. There was no woman amongst those who assaulted me. There were two or three women there. I do not know how Mrs. Chapman's umbrella got broken. I did not see what was done with my hat. I did not say at the police court that I apprehended Chapman. Chapman was not so drunk that he did not know what he was doing. It was impossible for me to have arrested any of the other disorderly people; I should not have got to the station with them.

ALBERT BROOKS (prisoner, on oath). I joined the Metropolitan Police in June, 1905. No sort of charge has been brought against me before this. I was not with Wetherill and Smithe that evening. I did not see them at all. After I came off duty about 6.15 on December 1 I remained in the library at the City Road section house till 9.30. I walked along City Road and got on a tramcar at the tube station, and went to Dalston, arriving there after 10. I had one glass of beer in a public-house at the corner of Dalston Lane, and a second one in another public-house a little way up the road. I came out of there and waited till 11.5 or 11.10. I walked straight up the road to just this side of the Alexandra Theatre. I came back and

walked slowly towards Old Street Station, arriving there between 12.10 and 12.15. I went to the basement and fell asleep in the lavatory. I intended leaving the station at 12.45, as I had been given some information as to a criminal offence which was going to be committed in the early hours of December 2. I left the station about 12.50. At the junction of Hyde Road and Old Place I met two police constables. I afterwards saw Police-constable Kerridge, who told me I was too late; that the job had been done. I said to him, "If anyone says anything remember you have seen me." I went back to the coffee-stall in Whitmore Road, where I had some cups of coffee. I wanted to find a man named Woolf, whom I wanted for an offence. I went to another coffee-stall at Whitmore Bridge to inquire if he had been there. I got back to the station about 3 a.m. I did not go to bed then. I had my breakfast in the mess kitchen. I had to go out on duty again at 4 a.m. When Mrs. Chapman identified me she said she was not positive.

Cross-examined. I went on duty from 4 a.m. to 8 a.m. on Sunday, then went off duty till one. I might have had a half-hour's doze in a chair. I was on duty from one till 6.15. At 9.30 I went to Dalston to keep an appointment with a lady friend. When I got back to the station at 12.15 I had been about 19 1/2 hours without sleep, except for the half-hour. I had no intention of falling asleep in the lavatory. I got the information about the crime to be committed at about 3 p.m. on December 1. I cannot say I saw anyone when I went into the station at 12.15 a.m.; I might have done. I do not remember seeing Suckling. He might have been in the inspector's room. I heard him say he did not leave the charge room. Possibly his memory has failed him. I cannot say it is my duty to get leave after 12 o'clock to go on duty. I have never done it before in a case of the sort; it was a bit of extra duty. I went out through the charge room. There may have been somebody there, but I did not take notice of them. I allowed myself 40 minutes to go a mile. That is not my usual pace, but this particular spot is infested with thieves and I had no reason to go direct. I went the most indirect route. In the report I afterwards made I do not think I mentioned having seen Kerridge, I simply mentioned two police-constables. I explained to Kerridge that this lad had given me previous information and I had not acted upon it and he knew it and this time he said, "Don't forget to do the job; I gave you a message before and you did not act upon it."

Police-constable WALTER BARTLE, recalled. (To the Judge.) I was on duty till 6 a.m. I have no recollection of seeing Brooks come in at 3 a.m.

Police-constable GEORGE SUCKLING, recalled. I was on duty with last witness. I did not see Brooks come in at 3 a.m.

Police-constable HAROLD WALKER , 528 G. About 1 a.m. on December 2 I was on duty in Hoxton Street. I heard someone shouting in Kingsland Road. I went down Essex Street and saw a crowd of people between Essex Street and Falkirk Street in Kingsland Road. I saw several young men run away. There were several women there. I saw Wetherill struggling with Chapman. Mrs. Chapman asked me

who the two men were, referring to Smithe and Wetherill. Smithe was not assisting Wetherill when I came up; he was standing there. He looked as if he had been struggling. I told Mrs. Chapman they were officers in plain clothes. They were taking Chapman into custody then. She did not complain about their conduct. Chapman was not struck in my presence. I did not go to the station at first: I went on my duty. I was afterwards sent for by the inspector.

Cross-examined. The first thing I saw after I noticed the crowd was that several young men were running away. I could not say if any of them were like Smithe or Brooks. Mrs. Chapman did not say she wanted me to lock Wetherill up. She made no complaint. I did not ask her why she wanted to know who the two men were. She was a little excited. I said, "I am sorry, madam, they are two plain clothes officers." I did not say I could not interfere.

Police-constable SIDNEY DRAY , 492 G. I was on duty in the charge room just after 1 a.m. on December 2, when Chapman was brought in by Wetherill and Smithe. I was there until after Inspector Newman came in. Chapman was requested to sit in a chair. I did not see anybody give him a back-hander in the right eye. I did not hear him say, "You coward," or anything.

(Thursday, February 13.)

Verdict (all), Guilty of assault. Smithe and Wetherill withdrew their plea of not guilty of perjury.

Sentences: Wetherill and Smithe, Twelve months' hard labour in respect of each offence, to run concurrently; Brooks, Four months' hard labour.

BEFORE THE COMMON SERJEANT.

(Tuesday, February 11.)

ROSE, Harry (51, agent), and SACKMAN, Charles (40, agent) , both conspiring together with others unknown to defraud persons being manufacturers of and dealers in goods as should thereafter be induced to employ them as agents and to defraud Jean Baptiste Roux and Charles Finegold and others trading as C. and H. Finegold, and having received certain property, to wit, the several sums of £33 10s. 6d. and £55 14s. 6d., and certain ribbon, for and on account of Jean Baptiste Roux, unlawfully and fraudulently did convert the said property to their own use and benefit, and obtaining by false pretences from the said Jean Baptiste Roux certain ribbon with intent to defraud, and being entrusted with certain property, to wit, certain furs and tweed caps, of the property of C. and H. Finegold for certain purposes, and having received such property for and on account of the said C. and H. Finegold unlawfully did fraudulently convert the same to their own use and benefit; both forging and uttering, knowing the same to be forged, a request for the delivery of goods and causing and procuring to be delivered to a person unknown certain property under and by virtue of a forged instrument, in each case with intent to defraud.

Mr. Travers Humphreys and Mr. Roland Oliver prosecuted; Mr. G. St John McDonald defended.

Prisoners were tried on the first indictment.

Mr. Travers Humphreys opened the case.

(Wednesday, February 12.)

JEAN BAPTISTE ROUX , St. Etienne, Department de Loire, France, ribbon manufacturer. In January, 1910, I had correspondence with Charles Sackman, and appointed him my agent in London. I received certain orders which were not executed because we had not the goods required. On August 23, 1911, I received circular headed "Charles Sackman and Co., Agents and Manufacturers, 146, Sandringham Road, Dalston. Offices and showrooms, 453, West Strand, London, E.C.," containing two orders, one from Burrage and Tewson, for which we manufactured the goods and forwarded them to Burrage and Tewson, Coleman Street, on November 6; the invoice for £38 being sent to Sackman, as was our usual practice. On November 20 I received another order, amounting to £55, from Burrage and Tewson, and forwarded goods and invoice as before. On December 8 I received order from Burns, Phillips and Co., 68 and 70, Fenchurch Street, £26, and from Whiteaway and Co., New Union Street, £5 5s. On January 9, 1912, I received order from White, Stevenson and Co., 31. Walbrook, £12. The goods were forwarded to those firms, invoices being sent to Sackman and Co. I have received no money for any of them. In March, 1912, I came to London, went to 146, Sandringham Road, but only saw Sackman's wife; afterwards to 453 West Strand, where I saw Rose. He said he was a friend of Sackman, and he could not speak French. I had a friend with me who interpreted. I made an appointment to see Sackman at the Manchester Hotel at 3 p.m.; neither of the prisoners came; I then returned to France.

Cross-examined. By letter of January 27, 1910, I agreed to pay Sackman 2 per cent. commission on all orders direct or indirect; "expenses for correspondence to be at our charge." Letters of October 14, 1911, says the goods are sent on "usual conditions, 2 1/2 per cent. if paid in 30 days"—that is the discount to the customer. Sample orders are sometimes given; one of £55 might or might not be a sample order.

MALCOLM KENNETH KAY , assistant buyer to Burns, Phillips and Co., Limited, 68 and 70, Fenchurch Street. Looking at letter of Sackman to Roux of December 8, 1911, purporting to contain an order from our firm for 1,000 yards of ribbon, we gave no such order to Sackman and Co. On November 22 we received letter (produced) headed, "J. B. Roux, Manufacturer of Ribbons and Velvets, Works, St.

Etienne. 543, West Strand, London. We beg to thank you for allowing us to send six sets of our sample ribbons which we have on hand. Signed J. B. Roux—Charles Sackman." We replied, agreeing to send on the free samples to our branches. On December 20 we received letter from "J. B. Roux, p.p. C. S."; shortly afterwards we received a case of ribbons, which had not been ordered. We then received letter of December 21, signed "J. B. Roux, p.p. W. Rose," asking us to deliver the case to the carman, to whom it was handed. On February 12, 1912, we received letter from J. B. Roux, of St. Etienne, asking payment for the goods. We wrote to the representative of J. B. Roux at 453, West Strand, expressing surprise, and stating we had no goods of Roux's. On February 14 we received letter (produced) headed, "54, Lower Thames Street," altered to "4 53, West Strand," apologising for the application for payment by "our people in France respecting the sample bulk of velvet ribbons which were returned to us here as being of no interest to you." We never ordered any goods from Roux, and never paid for any.

Cross-examined. We gave Sackman permission to send in six sets of free samples only. We have had one transaction with Sackman in which we bought samples of embroidery.

(Thursday, February 13.)

WILLIAM LUTHER GRIFFITHS , clerk to Whiteaway and Co., 14, New Union Street, export merchants. On December 20, 1911, we had a case of ribbons delivered and received letter from "J. B. Roux, 453, West Strand: "We beg to submit samples of velvet ribbons to your kind inspection, of which we have a quantity in stock at a very low figure." On January 17 we received letter headed in the same way: "We regret to hear that the ribbons submitted are of no interest to you and as requested send bearer for same"; they were delivered to the bearer of that letter. My firm, in fact, had ordered no goods from Roux or Sackman.

Cross-examined. We had bought of Sackman three lines of samples at the sample discount 25 per cent., which were paid for. It is customary to buy samples in that way.

Re-examined. A lot of ribbons amounting to £50 14s. 6d. would not be a sample order.

HELEN MABEL DOREY , clerk to Stevenson and Co., Limited, 31, Walbrook, New Zealand produce agents. In January, 1912, a parcel of ribbons were delivered from France in the name of J. B. Roux. As it had not been ordered we returned it to the sender.

ARTHUR JAMES HELLIAR , traveller to C. and H. Finegold, 92, Middlesex Street, wholesale furriers and hat and cap manufacturers. On April 12, 1912, Rose, in the name of Sackman, was introduced to me by Mr. Finegold and on instructions I delivered to his carman a range of fur samples—coney and black foxeline muffs and cravats of the value of £32 1s. As our agent he was to show these to customers and send on any orders he got; the samples were not for sale. On April 25 he had

another £25 worth of fur samples; also two half-dozens of fur sailor hats, amounting to £3 13s. 6d., which were forwarded to 453, West Strand. On May 15 he asked for samples of squirrel cravats and muffs, value £8 5s. 9d., which were sent. On June 4 Rose came with an order for Burrage and Tewson in his writing for furs amounting to £56 15s. 9d., which were sent to Burrage. Order produced is in Rose's writing: "Burrage and Tewson, Limited, 12, Poland Street:—Please deliver at once 100 dozen men's caps at 5s. This firm buy for several marks abroad.—C.S." The goods were delivered shortly afterwards. None of these goods have been paid for to my knowledge. On June 21 I went to 453, West Strand. After waiting eight hours I saw Sackman. I asked him if Mr. Sackman was about. He said, "I am Mr. Sackman." I said, "You are not the Mr. Sackman I know, perhaps it is your brother." He then asked me what kind of a man I required to see. I described Rose to him as a man in a blue serge suit and a silk hat. He said, "Oh, yes, that is my brother, but he is away travelling just now." He asked me if I would like to leave my name; I said it was a matter of no importance and I would call again. A carman was sent; he brought back 1 1/2 dozen caps, five coney muffs, four coney cravats, five fur sailor hats, and half-dozen boy's drill hats of the goods we had supplied. They were all our goods except the tweed caps. They were original samples belonging to my firm. Letter of June 29 is in Rose's writing on Sackman and Co.'s paper saying that the goods would be returned. No goods came. On July 4 we received a bill from Sackman and Co., "To brougham £3," and other charges amounting to five guineas and also claiming commission on orders of Nathan and Godfrey, Buyer, and Burrage and Tewson. (Witness identified a number of letters to J. B. Roux and others as being in Rose's handwriting.)

Cross-examined. I understood Sackman and Co. were appointed agents. I identify the furs produced as the property of my firm. Rose, whom I knew only as Sackman, had told me he was in business with his brother.

CHARLES FINEGOLD , of C. and H. Finegold, 92, Middlesex Street. On April 12, 1912, I appointed Rose, whom I knew as "Sackman." agent. I ordered a quantity of samples to be given to him, which he was to show to customers, obtain orders, and at the end of the season return the samples to my firm. I never authorised him to use letter paper with my firm's heading. Memo produced directed to "C. Sackman and Co." has upon it, "All payments to be made direct to the firm." Rose was not authorised to collect money on our account. We received several orders from Rose and delivered goods to Burrage and Tewson, Gimbrell Brothers, Stephen Frazer and Co. With the exception of £11 10s. received from Burrage and Tewson, we have received no money for those goods nor have the goods been returned to us.

Cross-examined. Prisoners have not received any commission on the orders obtained. Any commission due is credited to the agent in our books; at the end of three months he sends in his commission account and is paid.

Re-examined. There may be 30s. or £2 due to prisoners for commission. We have parted with samples and goods to prisoners to the amount of £126, which have not been paid for or returned.

FREDERICK WILLIAM DONALD , packer to Gimbrell Brothers, Paris House, Oxford Circus. On May 14, 1912, I signed for a parcel of goods from C. and H. Finegold on receipt produced.

WILLIAM SAMUEL SLEAP , assistant-buyer to Gimbrell Brothers. In May, 1912, Rose called on me with a card of C. and H. Finegold and showed me samples of furs. We afterwards received samples; as they were useless to us they were returned to a carman, who brought letter produced in the name of C. and H. Finegold.

BENJAMIN QUIDDINGTON , buyer to Stephen Frazer and Co., 65, London Wall, South African export merchants. In May, 1912, a parcel was delivered from Finegold. We had not ordered goods from them.

FRANK JONES , commissionaire to Stephen Frazer and Co. In May, 1912, I signed receipt produced for a parcel of goods from C. and H. Finegold, which I handed to Quiddington. The parcel was afterwards returned.

WILLIAM THOMPSON , carman to C. and H. Finegold. On May 13, 1912, I delivered a parcel to Gimbrell Brothers. I also delivered 50 dozen hats to Burrage and Tewson and a basket of furs. I was afterwards sent to 453, West Strand, for goods, but none were delivered to me.

(Friday, February 14.)

REBECCA KALB , 146, Sandringham Road, Dalston. Sackman lived in my house two years. He left last March. He used to have five rooms. Parcels and letters used to come. There was no name on the door. When he left he did not tell me where he was going.

Cross-examined. When Sackman left Sandringham Road he went to Ferncliff Road. Letters used to come every day. I saw Rose many times. I did not know his name. I did not see anything suspicious going on.

ESTELLE SUSIE ROSE . I am clerk to Burrage and Tewson, Limited, Poland Street. I believe Rose is my uncle. My father is a director of Burrage and Tewson, who deal in soft goods. Sackman came there several times. The receipt (Exhibit 42) is signed by Sackman. The money we got for the goods would be put in the bank. We paid Sackman £33 10s. I do not know whose address 52, Lime Street, is. Exhibit 43 is another receipt for money paid to Sackman. I remember in June, 1912, Finegold's carman bringing a quantity of furs. I signed for them. They were samples for a buyer to see. They came a day too late, so we wrote to Finegold's to take them back. Sackman took them away. Exhibit 11 is a receipt in Sackman's writing. Exhibit 10 is Sackman's receipt for 50 dozen caps, which Finegold's delivered to Burrage and Tewson. There was something wrong with them. I did not know the name of the firm Sackman was engaged in. I had never seen Rose.

Cross-examined. I may have seen Rose when I was very young. Burrage and Tewson are job buyers, auctioneers, and shippers. They do a fairly big business. We have bought furs from other firms than Sackman. We always paid for the goods, and the money they sold for was put into the bank. We did not do business with Roux. Anything that came from him was ordered by us through Sackman. He showed us samples of ribbons, and we ordered them. We did not know where they came from. We wrote to Finegold's the letter of June 10, 1912, "We regret to say that the furs sent in on memo were a day too late," and so on. We also wrote on June 13, saying, "We have written you and written your agents." Sackman came and took the goods away. I knew Sackman was trading as Sackman and Co. Any business done with them has been straight and above aboard.

CHARLES TOWELL , caretaker, 453, West Strand. Prisoners occupied one room on the fourth floor from October 25, 1911, till July, 1912. They paid 12s. 6d. weekly in advance. Goods frequently came to that room. In their absence I signed for them. They carried on business in the name of Sackman and Co. There was no name on the door of the room. Once there was a piece of paper, with their name on, on the door for about a week. I signed the receipt on June 4, 1912, for 50 dozen caps, which came from Burrage and Tewson. I placed them in Sackman's office. I do not know how the other signature, "C. Sackman, Agent," came upon it. I should not get a signature afterwards. Soon after that some furs came with Finegold's name on the box. I could not say what became of them. A lot of things went out. Exhibit 17 is a receipt for boxes of caps received by me from Finegold's on May 15, 1912, which I put into Sackman's office. I I helped to carry them down again within two days at Sackman's request. We put them on a truck. After prisoners left somebody came from Finegold's. I showed him the room. There were a large number of boxes, a few contained furs or muffs. Two or three contained caps, the rest were empty. Finegold's men took away those goods. I saw prisoners once or twice after that in the street.

EDMUND SHRUBB . I am an engineer employed by Messrs. Finegold. On July 1 between 12 and 1 p.m. I went with Mr. Diamond to 453, West Strand. I saw Mr. Towell, who took us to the top floor. We took away five boxes of furs, etc., which we made up from 137 boxes. Neither of the defendants were there.

Cross-examined. We asked to see Mr. Sackman. Towell said, "He is not here; I should like to see him myself." I opened all the boxes myself; they were mostly empty. We went into another room. There was nothing belonging to us there. At Finegold's the five boxes were opened in the presence of Mr. Finegold, Mr. Diamond, and myself. Diamond made out a receipt which he gave to Towell.

Sergeant F. GOODING , H Division. On October 10 I was with another officer in Grove Road, Bow, where I saw Rose. I said to him, "We are police officers; what is your name?" He said, "Harry Rose." I said, "I know you in the name of Sackman and I have a warrant for your arrest." I read the warrant. He said, "What! those goods—Finegold's

had them returned to them; I am not Sackman and Co.; what about the others? I have a perfect answer to the charge, I have not swindled anybody and this is only a debt." I took him to the station and he was detained. On October 21 I saw Sackman at 28, Ferncliff Road. I said, "I am a police officer and I am going to arrest you for being concerned with Harry Rose with stealing 50 caps and furs to the value of £56 15s. 9d." He said, "All right; I never had any furs and I do not know where the caps went to." I said, "I must search your place." He said to his wife, "Go and fetch those three sets." His wife brought two sets of furs, which are in court. He then said," That is all I have had out of the deal. I took those to pay for the brougham hire; Rose had the others and the caps and sold them. Well, I must put up with it. I know I did wrong, but Rose had the benefit of the deal. You cannot blame me; I was the can." I showed him two receipts. (Exhibits 10 and 11.) He said, "That is my signature. "In answer to the charge in regard to Finegold he made no reply. At the police court next day I read the charge in regard to M. Roux to both of them. Rose said, "I have got an answer to it." Sackman said, "So have I."

Defence.

HARRY ROSE (prisoner, on oath). I became partner with Sackman four years ago under a verbal agreement. We began to trade at 146, Sandringham Road. We also had an office at 52, Lime Street, and about twelve months later removed from that office to 54, Lower Thames Street, E.C. Twelve months after that we removed that office to 453, West Strand. Letters from our Continental manufacturers were always addressed to Sandringham Road. We employed two or three travellers. We did a considerable amount of good business and paid by cheque and draft. The letter of January 27 was the basis of our contract with M. Roux. He afterwards agreed to increase our commission. He sent goods for distribution or sale. We often paid carriage on them. We disposed of job lots to several firms and rendered estimated accounts to Roux. Some goods we only submitted as samples. We rendered accounts to Roux for carriage, but did not receive the money. These would amount to between £5 and £10. He owes us about £100. We have written informing him of this; I also told him when he came to London. He admitted owing the commission. With regard to the case of Nathan and Godfrey, I informed their buyer that we had a job line of ribbons over; he said he was open to look at them. We sent them as a fair sample. He looked at them. Roux sent them direct to Nathan and Godfrey. They were not approved of; Mr. Savory said they were too dear, would we take them back. We did so, and advised Roux and asked for instructions. We got no reply. The money for goods which Roux sent direct to Burrage and Tewson valued at £55 14s. 6d. was not paid to me. I know now that our firm received it. My partner dealt with all money matters. I was not aware that we had had it till he told me. That was after Burrage and Tewson wrote

on February 12, when I asked him about it. I called upon Burns, Phillips and Co., and asked their buyer, Mr. Robinson, if he was open to buy job lines of ribbons. He said yes. I said I should be compelled to send him samples representative of the bulk. He said he quite understood that, and agreed I should send them. I instructed Roux, who sent them. At Mr. Robinson's request we took them back again. This system of submitting samples has been commended by the "Drapers' Record." I do not say the goods were ordered. Some firms would require a sample for each market—it might be six or 12 markets. Sackman wrote to Roux on January 3, 1912, "As you have not informed me in advance that I should sell these articles for ready cash I have sold under the usual conditions. In future, according to your desire, I will sell these clearing lines for cash without discount. "Regular goods, we should take orders for from sample; these were not regular goods, but job stuff, small sample pieces, and we must send a sample representative of the bulk. I remember Roux coming over in March. He came with an interpreter. He asked for Sackman. I told him Sackman was out travelling. He said to the interpreter, "This is a nice thing; I cannot see this man; I want my money. How am I going to get it if he is not here." Understanding what he said, I replied that the best thing to do was to see Sackman and myself. He said, "What about the goods you have got returned to you by the customers?" I said, "We have them; you can take them back with you to France if you like." He said he could not do that because he could not carry them. I said, "If you will tell me where you are staying Sackman and I will call upon you." He said he was leaving about 9 p.m. I went to Sackman's house and told him about M. Roux's calling. We went to the Manchester Hotel, where Roux said he was staying, and found that he had left. We got there about 10 or 10.15. There were no angry words when he called at the office. There were commission and expenses due to us. He said, "We will settle that afterwards. I shall have to come to London again, and you will come round with me and see some of the customers, and we will make a settlement of the whole thing, and, as to the goods which you have on hand, in the meantime, if you can dispose of them for me you can do so, remitting the money as you get it in." I said it would be difficult to sell it all to one firm; I should have to go to various customers, and that the export houses said that the stuff was not worth the money asked for it. As to Roux's contention that we had no right to collect moneys for him he made no complaint till a very late date after we had sent him several drafts. It was our practice to remit to our principals. I have received no cheques since he asked to have cheques sent direct. Mr. Savory, the buyer for Nathan and Godfrey, told me they had received a statement for goods ordered from me which had never arrived, also that Roux had sent someone to collect the account. There are copy-letters to show that we informed Roux of goods being returned from customers. With regard to Finegold's case, we called there at their invitation. They advertised for a traveller with an export connection for hats and caps.

After taking some time to make up our mind to accept the agency, they agreed to make a range of samples. They said they were liberal people, and would not stand out about expenses. A question arose about our doing business with retail houses, they contended it would spoil their wholesale trade, and it became a question of invoicing the goods. Mr. Diamond said, "Why cannot you invoice the stuff yourself?" I also spoke about it to Mr. Charles Finegold and Mr. Hillier. Charles Finegold said, "You get the orders, we have no objection to supplying retail houses if they are big enough." About the Burrage and Tewson returns, I told Mr. Diamond of this. He said he was aware of it, that they had informed him, and wanted to know why they had done so. I said they were not sent in as promised, and arrived too late for their requirements, and asked if he would send to our office for them. He said that would be expense and trouble for them; could I place them elsewhere? I said it was a bad time of the year to sell furs, and he replied, "You might sell them at a little under invoice price." I said we would do our best. I asked him to come to the brougham and see his samples. He came out, saw the brougham, and wished me good-day. With regard to using Finegold's letterheads we were calling on Gunball Brothers, Oxford Circus, nearly every other day. It was a fortnight before we could see the buyer. He then said, "We have had your samples, but we do not care to buy through the agents," because the commission has to be added to the price of the goods, and they wanted to buy at rock-bottom prices. I said I would see Finegold's. I saw Mr. Charles Finegold, told him what had happened, and asked him to write, saying they could buy direct from him. He said they had no time, why could not we write? I said, "They won't deal with us." He said, "I will give you some memorandums and you can deal with your own business entirely in your own way. As long as you do business for us we shall be perfectly satisfied." He called his clerk, who gave me some memos and cards. I also told him there was an opportunity of selling felt hats to export houses, might I write in their name, asking if we could submit samples. He said, "Certainly."

(Monday, February 17.)

HARRY ROSE (prisoner on oath) further examined. Receipt for £55 14s. 6d. is signed by Sackman. When I wrote later to Roux saying it would be collected I did not know it had been received; the same happened with regard to receipt for £33 10s. 6d. When I asked Sackman he at once told me he had received the money. Sackman had the handling of the money. When this case started the solicitor, Mr. Margetts, acted for Finegold and Roux; it was a private prosecution. Several foreigners have approached me to settle the matter. I have always looked upon this as a civil case. All I wanted was to have my commission paid by Finegold and Roux, when I would have settled the accounts; we have written to both about the commission. I have been in Brixton prison for five months. The case has been delayed on

account of M. Roux not coming over. I have known goods to be ordered by Nathan and Godfrey, and a bill sent to them, but the goods not forwarded at all. I have acted in this case bona fide as an agent. I have done all I could to push the sale of goods for Roux and Finegold and have spent a lot of money in doing so. I have never tried to hide my address; both Roux and Finegold knew it; I have had two or three visits at Grove Road from Finegold's assistants—they said they came from Finegold; I have written from Grove Road to Roux. Our business was partly carried on from 246, Sandringham Road or Grove Road; in fact, the address at 453, Strand, was merely an office and for showing samples to customers; were were not compelled to keep an office. We did not abscond from any office. At 453, Strand, we had the back room lent to us for keeping furs and other goods in. At the police court the caretaker said he gave twelve boxes of furs out. With regard to the second fifty dozen caps, they were supplied without hooks and eyes; rather than have them returned we offered them to Burrage and Tewson at 1s. a dozen reduction. I telephoned to Charles Finegold about it, and he authorised me to sell them. I have done a great deal of business with various people, of whom I produce a list. (Same handed to the jury.)

Cross-examined. One of the addresses at which Sackman and Co. carried on business was 146, Sandringham Road; it was the private house of my father; there was no name up of Sackman and Co.; there was no necessity for that, as it was an agency business. We moved to 453, Strand, on October 25, 1911. Our name was written on a piece of paper on the window. There was the name up of Henry Haggards and Co., a firm in Belgium selling tinned meats, etc., whom we represented in London. I had authority to sign their name "per pro." We sent Haggards various sample orders during about three months; they consigned goods to us; we had a letter authorising us to act as principals for them—it was a verbal arrangement. At that time we were carrying on business at Sackman's address, 28, Ferncliff Road, and my father's, 146, Sandringham Road; there was no name up of Sackman and Co. 192, Grove Road was described in the correspondence as a factory. It was for making shoes for George Pernaud, Brussels; he also dealt in ladies' underclothing. I had paper printed with his permission, headed "George Pernaud, Brussels. Warehouse and London factory, 192, Grove Road." That was for the purpose of doing business; representing ourselves as manufacturers people would think they could buy cheaply of us. Pernaud gave us authority to have paper printed in his name; so also did Finegold and Roux. We had no clerks or travellers in our employ, no banking account; I kept the books. The ledger produced is one. There were a lot of books and other papers taken at the time of my arrest which are not produced. I wrote all letters from 453, West Strand; 146, Sandringham Road; and 192, Grove Road. All the French letters are in my writing. On August 12, 1909, I took an office in Lime Street in the name of Hiram Rose; I gave Charles Sackman as reference; he afterwards joined me in partnership. I had a banking account at the London and Provincial

Bank, Commercial Street, about four years ago, when my office was, I think, at Devonshire Square. I then moved to 54, Bishopsgate, stayed two months, and had to leave because I could not pay the rent—I gave the office up. Sackman then took 2, Devonshire Square with a man named Gray; he was our accountant. We paid 10s. a week rent. We might have gone there in February, 1910—I have no knowledge of whether we left there owing £4 rent; Sackman always paid the rent; I do not remember at all when we left. At the same time we started an office at 52, Lime Street. I do not know whether we went there in March, 1911, or how long we stayed. I cannot remember what became of our banking account or when it was closed. There may have been cheques overdrawn; I do not remember. There were some cheques dishonoured. I could not say whether there were one hundred dishonoured. We could not get our money out of our principals and so could not pay. We were sold up under a County Court judgment at 52, Lime Street. At that place we were doing a large genuine business. Judgment (produced) of April, 1911, is for a debt of £10 1s. 9d., which has not been settled. It is addressed to Charles Sackman and Co., 54, Lower Thames Street. We went there after leaving Lime Street. We may have left Lower Thames Street in September, 1911, owing £5 8s. rent. They gave us permission to leave. Some money was paid, because we owed more than £5. With regard to goods delivered by Roux, we either received the money or had the goods back, and re-sold them. Some goods we have in our possession; they were in a warehouse; I cannot say where the warehouse is; it may be they have been sold. Goods sold to Harvey and Green-acre were returned to us, value £17 1s. 2d.—possibly they may have been re-sold; if so they have been remitted for. I enclosed bill produced for £17 1s. 2d. on January 26 to Roux. It is accepted "payable at 453, West Strand, by H. Haggards and Co." That is signed by Sackman; the body of the bill is my writing. It has been dishonoured—that was simply because we wanted a settlement of our commission account. I do not remember, but we may have had the goods back, sold them, and paid for them. On February 1 I wrote to Roux, "I have pleasure in handing you cover for your invoice of Stuttaford and Co., £22 3s. 8d." That enclosed a bill by Sackman and Co. accepted payable at 453, West Strand, in Sackman's writing. The bill was dishonoured. (A number of dishonoured bills were put to the witness.) A large number of letters containing orders, deliveries and returns of goods to Sackman and Co., payment for which had not been remitted, were gone through with the witness.

(Tuesday, February 18.)

JAMES JOHN FABEY , director of Nathan and Godfrey, Limited. I know prisoner as in business in the name of Sackman and Co. I knew Rose 10 years ago, but lost sight of him until 18 months ago. I have had many transactions with him and my firm have bought ticks and laces from him. I ordered samples of caps for which I paid Finegold

£1 7s. 2d. on May 28, 1912. In December, 1911, I ordered through Sackman and Co. goods for Roux. The goods were not delivered. I received an account and someone came to collect the money on behalf of Roux. My firm are general merchants; they ship to the West Indies and the Cape; goods are often submitted as samples "on appro.," which we look through and select and retain any which are suitable, returning the rest. Job lines are usually submitted in bulk. I have known Sackman 18 months; all my transactions with Sackman and Co. have been straightforward.

CHARLES HAY MAUNDERS , of Macrone and Maunders, gold and silver leaf printers. In April, 1912, Rose gave me an order to engrave a die and submit it to Mr. Finegold for his approval. I submitted the proof to Finegold, executed the order, and was paid £1 5s. 6d. by Finegold.

ABRAHAM GRAYS , 119, Amherst Road, Hackney. I have know Sackman seven years as living at Sandringham Road and Ferncliff Road. I believe he has done considerable business because I have seen a large number of samples in his place. He has always been recognised in the neighbourhood as a very respectable man.

Verdict (both), Guilty. The forgery indictment was not proceeded with.

Rose was stated to have traded under the names of Harry Watts, Henri Rose, Henry Rose, and Hiram Rose; Sackman in the names of Alfred Hill and Co., H. Davis, George Clark and Co., H. Young and Co., at various addresses. A large number of complaints had been received of fraud upon foreign manufacturers with regard to both prisoners.

Sentence (both), Three years' penal servitude.

BEFORE JUDGE RENTOUL.

(Tuesday, February 11.)

SCOTT, George, otherwise Scarlett, having been entrusted with certain property, to wit the several sums of £54 8s., £11 3s., and £2 18s., for a certain purpose, and having received the said several sums for and on account of a certain other person unlawfully did fraudulently convert the same to his own use and benefit. Conspiring with Frederick Walter Sedgwick to defraud Nathan Rose.

Mr. Cassels prosecuted; Mr. Huntly Jenkins defended.

Mr. Cassels explained that defendant was an auctioneer and there was a dispute between Mr. Rose and defendant's firm. He had come to the conclusion that although that dispute would be a proper thing to inquire into in a Civil Court, it would be difficult to establish that defendant had done anything that would come within the jurisdiction of a criminal court. He had been informed that the dispute would be satisfactorily settled and he proposed to offer no evidence.

Verdict, Not guilty.

EDGERLEY, Charles Samuel (29, no occupation), pleaded guilty of obtaining by false pretences from Elizabeth Andersen bankers' cheques for the several sums of £5 and £5, money orders for payment of the several sums of £6, £5, £4, £3, £5, and £3, and the sum of £9 5s., with intent to defraud, and unlawfully by false pretences causing and inducing the said Elizabeth Andersen to execute a certain valuable security, with intent to defraud.

Mr. Bodkin and Mr. Travers Humphreys prosecuted; Mr. Huntly Jenkins appeared for prisoner.

Prisoner was released on his own recognisances in £50 with one surety in £50 to come up for judgment if called upon.

HOWES, Ernest Arton (43, clerk) , stealing on July 18, 1912, three valuable securities, to wit, orders for the payment of the several sums of £1 15s. 4d., £1 3s. 7d., and £1 3s. 7d., the property of Harrisons and Crosfield, Limited, his masters, and feloniously receiving the same;obtaining by false pretences from Harrisons and Crosfield, Limited, and Oliver Luck Boyes, three valuable securities, with intent to defraud.

Mr. Bodkin and Mr. Roome prosecuted.

Prisoner was tried on the first indictment.

OLIVER LUCK BOYES , employed by Harrisons and Crosfield, Limited, 1 to 4, Great Tower Street. There are employed by this firm about 200 persons. I was in the transfer department. The firm acts as secretary for several companies, amongst others being the Rubber Plantations Investment Trust, Limited, and the London and Asiatic Rubber and Produce Company, Limited. Prisoner was employed in the transfer department for about three years. We keep the share registers dealing with the transfer of shares. I am familiar with prisoner's handwriting. In addition to prisoner there was a clerk named Howell employed in similar duties. We have in the Asiatic Company a shareholder named D. E. Clark, of Hong Kong. There was a dividend payable to him last October; in that company the dividends are generally paid twice a year. The voyage to Hong Kong occupies about three weeks. Howell and the prisoner had the duty of preparing, issuing and despatching the dividend warrants in that company last October. In the posting of dividend warrants it is necessary to initial the postage book. On October 12 there is an entry to the effect that Howell and the prisoner were witnesses of the posting of the whole of the warrants of the Asiatic on that date, and their names are there in full. The dividend warrant (produced) is for £7 1s. 3d., and payable to D. E. Clark. I cannot say in whose handwriting the body of the warrant is. The warrant is crossed. About 9.5 a.m. on January 9 a letter came to the office from D. E. Clark. I should not like to say the prisoner saw it, but he knew of its existence at 11 o'clock the same morning, because it was passed out into the general office and prisoner would be in the next desk to Howell. I know the matter was discussed. In consequence of the receipt of that letter I made certain inquiries. When dividend warrants are returned through the bank they are compared with the original list, marked off as being paid, and

filed away in numerical order in the filing department. I looked for and found the original warrant (produced), and it appeared to have been paid through Farrow's Bank on October 25. It was quite impossible for it to have gone to Hong Kong and back in that time. Other inquiries were made, and on the following day I was shown certain correspondence at Farrow's Bank. I was shown three letters (produced) purporting to have been written by G. E. Williams. I believe them to be in the prisoner's handwriting. They are written in a "somewhat backward" handwriting, and are headed "14, Brixton Road." I was also shown two other letters (produced), one purporting to be signed "Steel," 1-3, Draper Street, and the other "F. Howers," 1, Cullum Street. I believe them to be in prisoner's handwriting. I went to 14, Brixton Road, which I found to be a newsagent's shop kept by Renvoize. I had a photograph with me. I came back to the office and reported to the directors. Prisoner was seen in the presence of the directors, the secretary of the company, and myself, and asked to give an explanation. He said he knew nothing about it. The Chairman said the matter would be put in the hands of the police, and prisoner was suspended for the time being. Afterwards I went with Detective Wagstaff to 4, Kennington Road, a newsagent's and hairdresser's shop. There I saw some letters addressed to G. E. Williams from Farrow's Bank. Then we went to 18b, Rye Lane, and saw prisoner. I told him I should have to give him into custody with regard to the misappropriation of a dividend warrant for £7 1s. 3d. in the name of D. E. Clark. He denied that he had anything to do with it at all. Then we (including prisoner) went to 14, Brixton Road, and Wagstaff asked Renvoize whether he recognised prisoner in any way, and he said he was the man who had called for letters in the name of G. E. Williams. Just before we left the shop I said to Renvoize: "You know this may be the most serious charge in the world, and I want to be sure there is no shadow of doubt in your mind about it." Renvoize said he was absolutely certain. He turned to prisoner and said, "You know, quite recently, less than five months ago, you grew a moustache, and you have recently shaved it off." Prisoner said, "It is quite right; I did. But you have certainly made a mistake." At Farrow's Bank I found that the account was opened on July 20 last. G. E. Williams, of Ceylon, has some shares in the Trust Company, and I found that his address had been altered in the share register to 14, Brixton Road; that was in prisoner's handwriting. A dividend warrant had been posted to Mr. Williams in July, 1911, and had been returned marked "left Ceylon." The result was that in July of last year we had three dividend warrants in the office payable to him, £1 15s. 4d., £1 3s. 7d., and £1 3s. 7d. We sent them to 14, Brixton Road, and they have been paid through Farrow's Bank. When a clerk goes to lunch he signs a slip, and the slips (produced) have been signed "Howes." In this book (produced) there are entries relating to Thomas Edward Williams, Mrs. Maud Williams, and John Richard Williams. It is in prisoner's handwriting. The handwriting of the body of the reference letter to bank signed "F.

Howers" is exactly similar; and the signature agrees very well with the writing on the luncheon slips. I have here a paying-in slip to Farrow's Bank for £2, dated July 20; it is in prisoner's handwriting. I produce the diary of work kept wholly by prisoner. The handwriting at the dates July 15, 16, and 17 is similar to that on the paying-in slip and the luncheon slips. I also find two other styles of writing on the same page. The Steel letter from 13, Draper Street is in a disguised handwriting which leans backwards a little, but I am of the opinion that it is that of prisoner.

Cross-examined by prisoner. You strenuously asserted your innocence all through and agreed at once to go to 14, Brixton Road, to be confronted by Renvoize. When he identified you I feel pretty sure he mentioned the name "G. E. Williams" first. I did not say, "Why, he even remembers you having a moustache on and having it off again." It is quite possible that you said you grew it when you went for your holidays on August 9. The warrant payable to D. E. Clark is endorsed in the usual place and, I suggest, in your handwriting; it is disguised and has the appearance of having been written in pencil first. It would be quite well known to you that, as soon as sufficient time had elapsed for the warrant to get to Hong Kong and for a letter to come back, discovery would be inevitable. I understand that the addresses on the envelopes in which the dividend warrants had been despatched had been in the habit of being checked, and about the time of the Asiatic dividend I gave instructions that the practice should be discontinued as the stencils had been checked and it would be a waste of time. They were dealt with by responsible men who had boys under them, and it is a fact that you have complained of the inefficiency of the juniors. It is a fact that one of the juniors you complained of is still in the office. It is true that the staff has been considerably reduced, but not that they have been working at high pressure. The overtime last year came of £13, as against about £150 in other years, but the work has been better organised because we have better accommodation.

HERBERT GEORGE RENVOIZE , 14, Brixton Road. About the middle of last year the prisoner arranged with me to take in letters for him in the name of G. E. Williams, and he called for letters over a period of about six months. A few weeks after he first called he grew a moustache, which he afterwards shaved off. Before I identified him at my shop on January 10 I had been shown a photographic group, and I picked out the prisoner as the man who called for letters.

LOUISA RENVOIZE , wife of the last witness, said she recognised the prisoner as "G. E. Williams."

WALTER HENRY JONES , deputy manager at Farrow's Bank, 1, Cheapside, E.C. On or about July 19, 1912, we received this letter from 14, Brixton Road: "I beg to enclose three dividend warrants from the Rubber Plantations Investment Trust, and, as the same are crossed, I would thank you to clear the same for me and remit the proceeds, less your charges, by postal order. The two old warrants have been verified for payment. Yours faithfully, G. E. Williams." Next day

we replied that as the warrants were crossed "a/c payee only" we had opened an account in his name and asked him to fill up an application form and send a specimen of his signature. These were duly returned to us filled up, together with a letter in which he asked for a cheque-book, and gave as references William Steel and Francis Howers. We wrote to those references and I produce the replies we received. An account was opened and credited with the three dividend warrants amounting to £4 2s. 6d. On October 24 a dividend warrant for £7 1s. 3d., signed "D. E. Clark," was paid into the account. There were other payments into the account and I produce the paying-in slips. Between 11 and 12 o'clock on January 9 we received a communication, dated January 8, 1913, changing the address to 4, Kennington Road.

To prisoner. I am inclined to think that the letter signed "F. Howers" is written by the same person who wrote the application form, but I am very doubtful about the other reference letter. The fact that a man wrote to us and asked us to cash a warrant crossed "a/c payee only" would indicate that he did not know what he was about.

(Wednesday, February 12.)

SIDNEY HOWELL , of Harrisons and Crosfield. In October last I was engaged in preparing the dividend warrants for the Asiatic Company, and they were posted on October 14. It was a dividend that we prepared in a hurry. With some juniors I took charge of part of the work and with other juniors prisoner took charge of another part of the work of checking the warrants and putting them up for post. When the warrants had been enclosed in the envelopes and the envelopes had been stuck down and stamped they were counted into hundreds. That took till about 11 o'clock at night, and, as the post offices are closed at eight o'clock, we were compelled to post in pillar boxes. In order to avoid over filling one pillar box we divided the envelopes into more or less two equal portions; prisoner, with one or two juniors, took one lot to a pillar box in Beer Lane and I took the other to a pillar box in Rood Lane. I cannot say who posted the D. E. Clark warrant. I have had nothing to do with the Trust dividend for some time, but I see by the postage book that the entire entry is in prisoner's writing. I was not aware that the G. E. Williams' warrants were retained in the office. I have seen prisoner write a more or less upright, backhanded, writing, which he told me he did in order to rest his hand.

To prisoner. In regard to the enclosing of the warrants in the envelopes, it would not necessarily mean that the person who enclosed the warrant had anything to do with sticking down the envelope and sorting it afterwards. There was nothing to indicate where the D. E. Clark warrant was excepting that it would be amongst the "Eastern" ones. If it was abstracted before it reached the pillar box there would be nothing to show which particular person abstracted it. It would be risky to abstract it in the counting. I can suggest no reason why

that dividend warrant should be selected, except the fact that it was an Eastern warrant and no information in regard to it could come for at least six weeks. There were other Eastern warrants and some for larger sums.

Detective-sergeant FREDERICK WAGSTAFF , City Police. On January 10 I went to 18b, Rye Lane, along with Mr. Boyes and Detective Collins. Mr. Boyes said to prisoner, "These gentlemen are police officers. I have made inquiries and ascertained that certain dividend warrants, which it was your duty to post to certain shareholders, have been paid into an account at Farrow's Bank, Cheapside, which you have opened in the name of Williams. Your photograph has also been identified by the proprietor of a newsagent's shop at 14, Brixton Road, as that of a man who has been calling there for some months past and receiving letters in the name of Williams." Prisoner replied, "I have never been to 14, Brixton Road; I have no account at Farrow's Bank; there is some mistake." I took him into custody. We all went to 14, Brixton Road, to see Renvoize. I asked Renvoize, "Do you know this man?" He replied, "Yes, this is the man whom I knew as Williams, who has been receiving letters here for some months past." Mr. Boyes asked, "Are you quite sure of this man being Williams?" "Oh, yes,"" he said, "I am quite sure; I know him quite well. Some four or five months ago he grew a moustache and he shaved it off again about a couple or three months ago." There was some further conversation, in the course of which prisoner agreed that he wore a moustache about that time; he said he grew it because he was having his teeth attended to.

To prisoner. You gave every facility for a search and nothing was found relating to this charge.

(Defence.)

EDWIN HOW , principal clerk in the ledger section of Harrisons and Crosfield. Towards the end of 1912 one of the two ladies in charge of the filing department, Miss Turner, was away ill. During the time she was away the staff were given an extra day's holiday, and it would have been possible then for any clerk to go there on that day and remove any evidence there might be against him without anyone being the wiser.

RODNEY HOWES , prisoner's son. (To prisoner.) You grew your moustache during your holidays, which began about August 9, and it was not shaved off until December.

ERNEST ARTON HOWES (prisoner, not on oath) denied the charge, saying that the documents produced had been deliberately copied from his writing for the purpose of casting suspicion upon him.

Verdict, Guilty. The second indictment was not proceeded with.

Prisoner confessed to having been convicted at Bournemouth Petty Sessions, on February 5, 1906, of felony, in the name of William Marshall; two other convictions were proved.

Sentence: Twelve months' hard labour.

BEFORE JUDGE RENTOUL.

(Thursday, February 13.)

BOWDEN, Edward (21, fish frier), and WOODS, Robert (21, tailor) , both assaulting John William Morten and thereby occasioning actual bodily harm to him;both feloniously assaulting John William Morten with intent to rob him.

Mr. M. Latham prosecuted.

Prisoners were tried on the first indictment.

JOHN WILLIAM MORTEN . On the evening of January 26 I was passing up Red Lion Street with my nephew Cox, when Bowden came across the road and said, "Shake hands" and he attempted to snatch my watch and chain. I tried to stop him and he struck me a violent blow on the face. We went to the ground and a lot of his friends started kicking me. I shouted, "Murder!" I tried to defend myself and they kicked me right and left. I happened to get away and when I got up my watch was hanging down. I ran across the road and they followed me. There were about 20 hitting me left and right. I got into Lamb's Conduit Street and a policeman came up. I recognised the two prisoners; I have been knocking about that neighbourhood for years.

Cross-examined. Woods was kicking me when I was on the ground. I did not see him, but other witnesses did.

ROBERT HENRY COX . I was in company with my uncle on January 26. Bowden went up to him and said, "Hello," and went to shake hands with the right hand and snatch his chain with the left hand. My uncle pushed him away and Bowden struck him in the face. My uncle fell down and people kicked him. Woods struck me in the face because I was trying to keep him away from my uncle. I could not be sure who else kicked my uncle, but Woods kicked him.

Cross-examined. Bowden did not shake hands over any argument that happened at nine o'clock. We never saw him till a quarter past eleven.

WOODS. I did not kick Morten; I struck him in the face.

FREDERICK DOUGLAS NICHOLL , 15, East Street, Lamb's Conduit Street. On January 26, at the corner of Lamb's Conduit Street, I saw a crowd of people using umbrellas on and kicking the prosecutor about while he was lying down in the street. I saw Woods make a kick at him. I also saw the prosecutor's watch hanging down in front of him. I did not notice Bowden.

Police-constable RANGER . At 11.15 p.m. on January 26 I saw a large crowd at the junction of Red Lion Street and Theobald's Road and the prosecutor was in the crowd with blood running from a wound over his left eye. I also saw his watch and chain hanging from his

waistcoat. He said to me, "They have tried to rob me," and pointed to prisoners, who were trying to get away through the crowd. The two were arrested and at the station made no reply to the charge. They were perfectly sober.

EDWARD BOWDEN (prisoner, not on oath). I did not think it was going to turn out so serious as this; it was a general mix up and of course we were the victims. We had had a little jollification and when I saw Morten I said, "Good night, Bill." He up with his hand and struck me and said, "I don't want anything to do with you; you are drunk." I did not try to rob him.

ROBERT WOODS (prisoner, not on oath). I was standing there when the prosecutor came along. Cox knocked up against me and I struck at prosecutor because I saw him interfering with Bowden. Then I saw Bowden and prosecutor on the ground and I went up and struck the prosecutor again.

Verdict (both), Guilty. The second indictment was not proceeded with.

A number of convictions were proved against Bowden and two convictions against Woods.

Sentences: Bowden, Twelve months' hard labour; Woods, Two years' detention under the Borstal System.

BEFORE MR. JUSTICE AVORY.

(February 11, 12, 13, and 14.)

GORDON, George Charles (25, clerk), HARRIS, Daniel (46, carpenter), WILLIS, Henry (38, hairdresser), and HICKSON, Henry (40, fruiterer) , all robbing with violence Eugene Edward Seyfang and stealing from his person a bag and £51, the goods of Richard Christopher Sennett and another, and feloniously receiving the same.

Mr. Muir, Mr. Percival Clarke, and Mr. Adrian Clark prosecuted; Mr. Fox-Davies defended Gordon and Willis; Mr. Eustace Fulton defended Harris; Mr. Purcell defended Hickson.

Prisoners were tried last Session, when the jury failed to agree (see page 296). The evidence at that trial was now repeated. The following additional evidence was called for the defence.

TIMOTHY FINUCANE , brought up in custody from Wormwood Scrubbs, confirming the evidence of Conroy (page 308), said that on the day Willis was discharged he (Finucane) gave him a message to deliver to Conroy.

GEORGE RICHARD LLOYD , compositor. (To Mr. Fox-Davies.) I wrote you a letter and a solicitor came to see me; that is how I come to give evidence here. I am in the habit of getting shaved at a barber's shop in Collingwood Street. Once when I was there I overheard a conversation with regard to this crime.

Mr. Justice Avory. How is this evidence?

Mr. Fox-Davies. I submit that I am entitled to get from this witness that he overheard a confession.

Mr. Justice Avory. Certainly not, and it was not proper for you to describe what you were going to get as a "confession."

FRANK CROUCHER , barber, 38, Collingwood Street. I know a man named Blake. (Blake brought into Court in custody.) (Q.) What have you heard Blake say with reference to this crime?

Mr. Justice Avory. This is not admissible.

Examination continued. I know Lloyd as a customer. On one occasion, when Lloyd was being shaved, Blake was sitting down with two others----.

Mr. Justice Avory. We cannot have this.

WILLIAM CHARLES BLAKE . I am at present undergoing a term of imprisonment. I have made and signed two statements with regard to this case.

Mr. Justice Avory refused to have the statements read.

Examination continued. I cannot say where I was on November 2. I know the New Cut. I did not buy a chain or padlock there. I refuse to say whether I know of anyone else buying those articles.

Mr. Fox-Davies asked leave to treat the witness as a hostile witness. Mr. Justice Avory refused leave.

Examination continued. I know the barber's shop in Collingwood Street; I go there occasionally. I have not discussed this case in that shop. I was in drink when I made the statement you have before you.

To the Court. I now swear that I had nothing whatever to do with this robbery.

Verdict, Guilty.

Gordon was then indicted for that he is a habitual criminal.

After proof of service of the statutory notice, evidence was given of the following convictions: At North London Sessions, August 9, 1904, in the name of Henry Barrett, six months' hard labour; at the same Sessions, March 26, 1907, in the name of Henry Barrett, nine months' hard labour; at the same Sessions, December 17, 1907, in the name of Henry Barrett, 18 months' hard labour; at this Court, March 25, 1911, in the name of Arthur Worsley, 20 months' hard labour; and a number of earlier convictions. Prisoner was last liberated on October 11, 1912; since then he had been an associate of convicted thieves; he had declined to give the police references to any people for whom he had worked.

Prisoner said that he had been earning a living at race meetings; it was impossible for him, with his record, to get ordinary employment.

Verdict, Not guilty of being a habitual criminal.

Willis was then indicted for that he is a habitual criminal.

After proof of service of the statutory notice, evidence was given of the following convictions: At London Sessions, July 25, 1911, in the name of Henry Clifton, 18 months' hard labour; at Marlborough Street Police Court, May 24, 1904, in the name of George Williamson, six months' hard labour; at North London Sessions, July 4, 1905,

in the name of William Harris, 18 months' hard labour; at Marylebone Police Court, March 6, 1909, in the name of George Harris, nine months' hard labour; at Westminster Police Court, June 6, 1910, in the name of Henry Russell, nine months' hard labour; and a number of other convictions. He was an associate of pickpockets and never did any work while out of prison.

Verdict, Guilty of being a habitual criminal.

Hickson was then indicted for that he is a habitual criminal.

After proof of service of the statutory notice, evidence was given of the following convictions: At Marylebone Police Court, April 12, 1911, three months' hard labour; at Bow Street Police Court, May 21, 1910, 12 months' hard labour; at North London Sessions, December 9, 1908, 12 months' hard labour; and a large number of earlier convictions, dating back to 1889. Apart from occasionally assisting his father with a fruit barrow, he was not known to have done any work while out of prison.

Verdict, Guilty of being a habitual criminal.

Sentences: Gordon and Harris, each, Seven years' penal servitude; Willis and Hickson, each, Five years' penal servitude and Five years' preventive detention.

BEFORE MR. JUSTICE DARLING.

(Friday, January 17.)

(Omitted from Report of January Sessions.)

MORLEY, William (22, labourer), pleaded guilty of unlawfully and carnally knowing a female person, knowing her to be his sister, and indecently assaulting her. (Incest Act, 1908; in camera.).

Mr. Percival Clarke prosecuted; Mr. Beard appeared for prisoner.

Sentence: Eighteen months' hard labour.

ESSEX CASES.

BEFORE THE COMMON SERJEANT.

(Thursday, February 6.)

ROCHESTER, William (59, shoemaker) , forging and uttering, knowing the same to be forged, an order for the payment of £52 13s. 4d. with intent to defraud;forging and uttering, knowing the same to be forged, the indorsement on an order for the payment of £52 13s. 4d. with intent to defraud; stealing a valuable security, to wit, a Bill of Exchange, the property of E. H. Lewis, and feloniously receiving the same; demanding and endeavouring to obtain the sum of £52 13s. 4d. under and by virtue of a forged instrument, with intent to defraud.

Mr. H. Cassie Holden prosecuted.

Prisoner was tried on the first indictment.

WILLIAM WADLEY , 68, Hampton Road, Forest Gate, carrying on business as potato salesman at Stratford Market as William Wadley and Sons. I have an account at the London City and Midland Bank, Stratford, and do business with Lewis and Sons, Covent Garden. On January 7, 1913, I signed and forwarded crossed cheque produced to Lewis for £52 13s. 4d. It has now the words, "Pay cash W. Wadley," not written by me or by my authority.

SIDNEY SMIDSEDER , clerk to Wadley and Sons. I posted cheque produced on January 7 at the pillar-box, Stratford Market, to catch the 5.10 p.m. post. It was a crossed cheque without any authority to pay cash.

HY. ALDERSON LEWIS , of Lewis and Sons, 186, Covent Garden. On January 7 Wadley was indebted to my firm £52 13s. 4d. My firm did not receive or endorse cheque produced.

EDWIN HAROLD SQUIRE , cashier, London City and Midland Bank, Stratford. On January 8 at 1.30 p.m. prisoner presented cheque produced saying, "I should like to cash that cheque." I said, "How will you have it?" He said, "£25 in sovereigns and the rest in half-sovereigns." I asked him to take a seat and went to the telephone; he walked out; I ran to the door and could not see him. I went up Market Street, when I saw him running. I caught him and said, "Don't you want your money?" He said, "Yes." I said, "Come back and get it." He then returned with me to the bank.

Cross-examined. Prisoner did not say; "I will step outside for a minute" before leaving the bank. He had gone about 20 or 30 yards when I caught him.

ROBERT GEORGE WHITAKER WELLS , manager, London City and Midland Bank, Stratford. On January 8 at 1.35 p.m. I returned to the bank from lunch. Squire showed me cheque produced. I asked prisoner where he had obtained it. He said there was a gentleman outside who had given it him to cash—a tall, dark man with an overcoat and a silk hat. I asked prisoner what he intended to do with the money; he said he was going to take it to this gentleman; I asked where he would be likely to find him; he said, "Out in the street between the bank and the station." I walked towards the station, but could find no such man. When I returned Police-constable Heath had arrived. I said in the presence of prisoner that the signature "W. Wadley" written across the cheque was not that of our customer and that prisoner had presented the cheque.

Police-constable ALBERT HEATH , 647 K. On January 8 at 1.45 p.m. prisoner was given into my custody for uttering a forged cheque. I took him to the station.

Cross-examined. I did not hear the inspector ask prisoner where his bike was.

Prisoner's statement before the Magistrate: "In the first place I wish to plead guilty to uttering the cheque—the other charges I am

innocent of. I was in Oxford Street, W., searching for work. I went into a public-house called the 'Hog in the Pound' for a drink. I there met a gentleman and got into conversation with him. He knew that I was out of work. He said, 'I have a cheque to cash, but I have to go to Stratford—will you go with me?' He promised me a few shillings when he got there. He paid my fare to Liverpool Street on a bus and train fare to Stratford. When near the bank he asked me if I minded going in with it and he would wait outside for me. I went in and this is the result. When I came out of the bank I intended to tell the gentleman I had got to wait. I was called back and went back into the bank. I saw the man in the distance and the bank manager went to look for him; he came back and said, 'I cannot see him.'"

Defence.

WILLIAM ROCHESTER (prisoner, on oath) repeated his statement.

Cross-examined. I am a master bootmaker; I have been in business for 20 years. I had never seen this gentleman before. He seemed to pity me and said, "I will give you a trifle." He did not ask me to cash the cheque until we got to the bank.

The jury disagreed.

(February 12.) Prisoner was again put upon trial, before Judge Rentoul.

The evidence given at the first trial was repeated. In addition,

Detective-sergeant MICHAEL CHRISTIE , K Division, said he had made several inquiries which showed that there was nothing against the prisoner's character and that he was a good workman.

Verdict, Not Guilty. The remaining indictments were not proceeded with.

BEFORE THE RECORDER.

(Thursday, February 13.)

STONE, Herbert (45, labourer) and BICHENO, William (50, dealer) , both stealing five earthenware pans and other articles, the goods of Richard Isaac Crawford, and feloniously receiving the same.

Mr. Sharp prosecuted; Mr. Metcalfe defended Stone; Mr. Purchase defended Bicheno.

LEONARD DAMES , clerk to Turner and Company, solicitors, 89, Chancery Lane. My firm acted for Mr. Crawford. My duty was to collect the rents of the Maplin Road houses, of which he was the lessee. On two or three occasions Stone said to me that the thieves of the district had been stealing property from some of the houses which were unfinished, and that we ought to have a caretaker. He suggested he should take over the care of these houses and that in consideration of his doing so he should have a reduction in his rent. He paid 8s. 6d. rent at that time; since then he has not paid anything. He was to have paid 5s.

The loose stuff and building material were stored in the yard of the house where he was living to prevent it being stolen. That was done by my authority. After the first police court proceedings I had an interview with him at his house 100, Maplin Road. I went to see him about his rent. He asked me to leave the question of the rent over until this charge had been disposed of. He then said, "I admit that I made a mistake in selling this stuff." I said, "Of course you had no authority to do so." He said, "Yes." He said he had left some stuff with Bicheno, who had paid him 4s., of which he had paid Carter, who assisted him in moving the stuff, 2s.

Cross-examined. Mr. Alston was the builder for Mr. Crawford. He collected the rents on behalf of Mr. Crawford before Mr. Crawford instructed us. He owned the materials. On January 30 I requested Stone to have the things ready for my inspection. I did not know they had been removed on the 13th. It would not have been reasonable for him to have lodged the materials with somebody else without notifying me, which he could have done by telephone. I authorised him to do up a room in one of the houses, which he did. I have not paid him for it; there is his rent going on. I am setting off the rent he owes us. I understand Mr. Alston made use of part of Stone's premises, for which consideration he charged him no rent. Stone did not say he had lodged the things with Bicheno and that Bicheno had lent him 4s., he said, "Paid him 4s." I took it they were sold. In my opinion it was the same thing.

FRANK ROCHE , photographer, 109, Freemason's Road, Custom House. Early in January, when I was fitting up my shop Stone asked me if I would care to go and inspect a wooden door at his house. After inspecting it I paid him 3s. for it. I also bought some match-lining and paper. He did not say who he was and I did not ask him. I paid him 3 1/2d. a piece for the wall paper. There were 22 or 23 pieces. I paid him about 7s. for about 200 feet of match-lining. I think I paid fair prices. On January 22 the police came and asked me to give up the property.

Cross-examined. I paid Stone 14s. 3d. altogether.

WILLIAM ALSTON , builder and contractor, 5, Great Suffolk Street. Up till early December last I was managing and collecting rents on behalf of Mr. Crawford. Stone was one of the tenants. I cannot identify the match-lining because it is now in Mr. Roche's shop. I have seen it and the door. They belonged to us. I identify this wall paper as ours. Early in December I was doing some work in Garvary Road. Mr. Crawford was in partnership with me in that venture. I brought a number of fixtures and fittings to houses there. In company with Police-constable Haldy I went to Bicheno's premises in January. I saw five pans and four traps in a shed there. I identified them as our property. They were made specially.

Cross-examined. I did not occupy rooms in Stone's house; I simply visited there. I had Stone's son working for me from about March. When I went away I owed him a few shillings. I said at the police court 50s. would cover the lot. If Mr. Crawford balances up accounts,

he owes me a little money. I agreed that Stone should pay me 4s. 6d. a week rent. He fell out of work during the dock strike and I did not trouble him for the rent. I used to go there now and again. I had a dinner or two with them. I thought they would take no notice of that. I did not say at the police court, "I owe Mrs. Stone money now." I said I owed money to the son. I was in a bit of a muddle with my affairs, people were asking for money and I was trying to find Crawford and could not. I believe he was a solicitor. I have been to his office and private residence. He was not in. The last time I was at Garvary Road was early in December. There was no necessity for me to go there again, as the mortgagees took it over. There were several people looking after the property that was used for refitting the houses; there is no necessity for divulging their names.

MICHAEL DRISCOLL , 148, Butcher's Row, West Ham. I am a fruiterer and greengrocer. About January 15 Stone asked me if I had a barrow to lend him. I lent him my barrow. He paid me nothing for the loan of it. I usually charge 1s. before people take the barrow. I saw my barrow again that evening when I went for it. There were old bricks in it, which I saw taken from a heap in Maplin Road. I said to Stone, "Are these bricks all right?" He said, "Yes, you can have them; I am responsible for everything that is here." There were about 50 half bricks and whole bricks. I should think their value would be about 2s. 6d.

Cross-examined. The hire of the barrow would have been 2d. I did not give anything for the bricks. I asked Stone if he had any old brick; he said "Yes." This might have been January 13, 14, or 15.

Detective-sergeant HENRY HALDY . About 7.30 on January 22 I went with Detective Payne to 59, Devonshire Road, Custom House, where Bicheno carries on business. He deals in everything. He is not a marine store dealer. I knocked at the door. I said to Bicheno, "We are police officers and have come to see you about two kegs of paint you bought on the 15th." He said, "Don't you believe it; I do not know anything about it." I said, "I will have a look." I then went into the house. He opened the front-room door. I went in after him and found two kegs of paint behind the sitting-room door. I said, "How do you account for these?" He said, "I am only minding them for a man." I said, "Can you tell me who the man is?" He said, "I do not know his name, but he lives in Martindale Road." I then said, "Have you anything else here that does not belong to you?" He then said, "Absolutely nothing." I told him I would have a look. I went into the yard. In a lock-up shed I found eight w.c. pans and four traps covered with sacks. I said to Bicheno, "How do you account for these?" He said, "I forgot to tell you, but I am minding these for the same man." I then told him I should take him into custody for receiving property. He said, "I cannot help it, you will have to do your duty." When charged he made no reply. The traps produced to-day in court are the traps I found. I saw Stone the same evening and told him I should arrest

him for stealing the property from the empty houses. He said, "The foreman told me to do as I liked with them; I will tell you where the bulk of the property is; I sold the door and timber to Mr. Roche and the w.c. pans and traps I sold to Bicheno for 4s." When charged he made no reply.

(Defence.)

HERBERT CHARLES STONE (prisoner, on oath). I served 18 years in the Army. I first went to live in Maplin Road at No. 90. Mr. Alton came to do some repairs there. I did some work for him at the Garvary Road houses. He gave me 10s. at the end of the week. I earned 23s. My son also worked for him. He owed my son a little over 50s. before he went away. He also used to come and have his dinner and tea in the daytime. He owes my wife 12s. or 14s. for that. Up to December 10 he appeared to be in charge of the whole of the material, using it and collecting rents. From December 10 to January 13 I did not know where he was. I sold some things to Mr. Roche for 14s. For close on a fortnight I was out of work and thought I might as well get some money on account of the claim. I and my family had against Alston. I told Mr. Bicheno I was going to shift some material from Garvary Road. He said, "There is the shed, you can put anything you like in there." I received 4s. from him. I told him I wanted a few shillings to go on with. I did not sell him the property. He told me I could always have them back when I wanted them.

Cross-examined. I could not tell you the date when I had the 4s. loan. I knew Mr. Dames had come to manage the property for Mr. Crawford after Mr. Alston left. Alston told me Crawford owed him money before that. I knew I had no right to sell the things to Mr. Roche. I sold them because I was hard up. I did not see the seriousness of it at the time.

WILLIAM BICHENO (prisoner, on oath). I have been a general dealer for 30 years. I am one of the biggest men for 40 miles round. I have been 21 years at 57, Devonshire Road. I had no suspicion there was anything wrong with the goods when Stone brought them. I do not know where he put them. Everybody takes advantage of my field. They push them through as they like, road-sweepers or anybody. I did not pay for the goods.

Cross-examined. I could not tell you if it was on January 15 the things were brought to my premises. I did not tell the officers about the kegs of paint because I had been on a big job at the docks and was confused at the time, coming from hard work. I have £1,000 worth of stuff on the ground and do not know what is on the ground. I put the kegs of paint in the parlour to look after them. People must not go in the shed where men and women are working. There was about £30 worth of paint in the shed. There would have been room in the shed for the two kegs of paint if I had been mug enough to put them there and anybody come and pick them up. I put them

where I thought I was looking after the poor man's interest. I told the police officer I was asked to mind them for him. He asked who the man was. I said I did not know his name. I did not know his name was Stone till afterwards. I told him he lived in Martindale Road in mistake. I suppose the police asked me if I had anything else that did not belong to me. If I told them "absolutely nothing" I must have been confused.

Verdict, Not guilty.

SURREY CASES.

BEFORE JUDGE RENTOUL.

(Wednesday, February 5.)

WRIGHT, George (36, painter), pleaded guilty of attempting to commit suicide.

Medical evidence showed that prisoner had been drinking heavily and was very depressed; he had now thoroughly recovered and had promised not to repeat the offence.

Prisoner was released on his own recognisances in £10 to come up for judgment if called upon.

BEFORE MR. JUSTICE RIDLEY.

(Friday, February 7.)

SALLOWS, John William (25, chauffeur) , manslaughter of Amy Rose Chillingworth.

Mr. Bodkin and Mr. Roome prosecuted; Mr. Curtis Bennett and Mr. Ivan Snell defended.

Sergeant CHARLES ALLAN proved plans.

ALFRED MOSS , 51, College Court, Hammersmith. On the night of December 7 I was dining at 3 Castlenau Mansions, Barnes, with Miss Mackay. Miss Chillingworth shared Miss Mackay's flat. About 8.30 deceased went out to post some letters; she was going to get a bus across Hammersmith Bridge. Later I heard that there had been an accident and I went to the West London Hospital and identified the body.

LAURA WEBB , 32, Lilian Road, Barnes. On this night I was walking along Castlenau Road. I noticed a grey motor-car coming towards me, towards Barnes, travelling very fast. It passed me nearly opposite Riverview Gardens. As it passed me the lights of the car went out. I only saw a red light at the back of the car.

RICHARD BROOK GREAVES , artist, 66, The Grove, Hammersmith. On this night I was walking along Castlenau Road towards Barnes. A

motor-car passed me, travelling very fast. As it passed me I noticed something fall from the back of the car; I thought it was a rug. The car went on without stopping. I went into the road and found the body of deceased lying very near the centre of the road. The road was very wet at the time; near the scene of the accident I noticed a mark as if the car had swerved towards the pavement.

Police-constable WALTER PACKHURST , 234 V. On December 7 about 8.50 p.m., in company with Police-constable Vincent, I was at the junction of Glenton Road and Castlenau Road, on the left-hand side, looking towards the bridge. I saw coming along a long, low, grey motor-car; it had the ordinary lights. I heard a shout, and as I turned the lights went out; I was just able to make out at the rear of the car the letters "G.B." I think the car was going at between 30 and 40 miles an hour. On January 2 I went to Mitchell's Garage, Wardour Street, and picked out a car similar to the one I saw on December 7.

Police-constable VICTOR VINCENT corroborated.

EDITH DAKIN , tailoress. I know the Scandia Club, Fitzroy Street. I know prisoner, also a man named Harold Wood; they are both chauffeurs. On December 7 I met them at the club; also George Berger and two girls. We had drinks; prisoner was slightly intoxicated. About 8.30 the six of us left the club for a ride in a grey motor-car; prisoner was driving. Just as we got over Hammersmith Bridge the car ran over a woman and knocked her down; I saw it happen. I said to Wood, "Oh, Harold, stop the car; Jack has run over a woman." Wood called out to prisoner, "You silly b----, where are you driving to?" Prisoner tried to put the brakes on and the car seemed to skid, and I think it went over the woman again. The car was lighted; I cannot say how many lights; immediately after the accident the lights went out. The car went on at an increased speed and did not stop for about three miles. We got back to the club about 2 a.m. About 4 the party broke up and prisoner said he was going to take the car home to the garage. Talking about the accident prisoner said, "Keep your mouth still in case it might be serious."

Cross-examined. I am quite clear as to what happened on this night. I first made a statement to the police on December 31. In my statement I said there was only one other woman with us; I afterwards remembered that there were two. (Other discrepancies were put to the witness.) Besides speaking to Wood I called out to Wood, "Oh, Jack, stop the car," and he said, "Keep your mouth still." (At the police court, according to the deposition, witness said, "I did not call out to prisoner at all.") We went on after the accident for three miles without the lamps being re-lit.

GEORGE BERGER said that going over Hammersmith Bridge the car swerved and he called out to prisoner, "Be careful"; prisoner said, "It's all right." Witness did not know that there had been an accident; he did not know until Roehampton was reached that the lights had gone out. Then they stopped and witness asked prisoner what was the matter; prisoner said, "It's nothing; it must have been a woman"; witness said, "We ought to have stopped"; prisoner said, "It's too late

now." Prisoner was sober on this night, but he is of an excitable nature.

THOMAS EDWIN HAMMOND , house surgeon, West London Hospital. Deceased was brought in about 9 o'clock; she was unconscious and so remained till 10.20, when she died. The skull was fractured and the left thigh broken.

HERBERT JAMES WHITE , timekeeper at Mitchell's Garage, 114, Wardour Street. We keep Mr. Moss Mayer's car, No. L.A. 8,332; prisoner is Myers's chauffeur. Prisoner took out the car at 3.30 p.m. on December 7 and brought it back about 4 the next morning; he then asked me to oblige him by registering him in my book as having taken out the car at 11.30 Sunday morning instead of 3.30 Saturday afternoon; he said he ought not to have had the car out and did not want his boss to know; so I altered the register.

Cross-examined. When prisoner took the car out he was perfectly sober.

RICHARD THOMAS KNIGHT motor driver, at Mitchell's Garage, said that a few days after this accident he noticed that the car driven by prisoner had the near side light bent and out of line; he spoke to prisoner, who said, "I had a skid."

JOHN RONALDSON , mechanic at Mitchell's Garage. A few days after December 7 prisoner asked me to see to his head lamp; it had a dent in it. I asked him how it got damaged. He said, "One or two of us have been out for a joy ride, and I skidded into something or somebody or other, and I don't want the boss to know anything about it."

Sub-divisional Inspector FRANCIS EDWARD BRADLEY , Public Carriage Office. On January 4 I examined the car L.A. 8,332; it is a 33 h.-p. Daimler registered as belonging to Samuel Myers. Its top speed would be 32.9 miles an hour, normal revolutions; if accelerated, about 50 miles an hour. The lights are electric, and controlled by a switch in front of the driver.

Detective-inspector GEORGE PRIDE , V Division. On January 1 I saw prisoner and told him I should arrest him for the manslaughter of Miss Chillingworth on December 7 at Castlenau, Barnes. He said, "Not me; have you got any proof." At Barnes police station he said, "I forgot to tell you that I took the G.B. off and put it into a brown car in the garage."

Detective-inspector FRANK PYKE , V Division. At Vine Street Police Station, when I charged prisoner, he said, "What evidence have you?" I said, "I have taken a statement from one of the persons who were in the car." He said, "It was an accident; I ought have stopped after knocking the woman down; it was not done wilfully; I am sorry I killed her; I think the near side head light struck her."

Verdict, Not guilty.

Mr. Justice Ridley (to the jury). It is your verdict, not mine.

BEFORE JUDGE RENTOUL.

(Friday, February 7.)

STONE, Frank (32, labourer) , breaking and entering the dwelling-house of Emily Meyer and stealing therein a glass ornament, nine cups, and other articles, her goods, and feloniously receiving the same.

Mr. C. J. Moran prosecuted.

WILLIAM GREEN , coachman to Mrs. Meyer, Hertford Lodge, Queen's Road, Barnes. In the absence of our mistress my wife and I were in charge of the house; we live in the stables. On December 28 everything was all right at 7.15 p.m., but at 10.15 I found the scullery window had been broken. I went into the house and found that a number of articles were missing. There were footmarks alongside the wall at the front and under the windows of the billiard room and the drawing room.

Mrs. EMILY MEYER . When I returned home on December 30 I found my house had been broken into and various articles were missing. I identified the articles (produced) as being my property; they would be worth £40 to £45.

Police-constable GEORGE SMITH , 503 V. About 7.45 to 8 o'clock on December 28 I was on duty in Lower Richmond Road, when I saw prisoner with two other men. They came out of a bootmaker's shop and walked towards the Common. I followed them, but lost sight of them at the "Cricketers" public-house, which is from 300 to 400 yards away from Hertford Lodge.

Cross-examined by prisoner. I knew one of the other two men; his name is Robert Berry. It was because certain information came to my knowledge that I followed you.

JONATHAN ATKINS , manager to a pawnbroker, Fulham Palace Road. Prisoner came into the shop about 2.30 on December 30 and he offered for pledge the chessmen and ivory seal (produced). I asked him if they were his and he said they were. I asked him if he had bought them and he said, "Yes." I inquired how much he had paid for them and he told me 50s. He said he had had a receipt for that amount, but had not got it with him and would go and fetch it. He returned shortly afterwards and said his wife was away and the place was locked up. He gave the name of Thompson and an address at Warde Avenue. He asked me to return the property, but I said not until I was satisfied that they were his and if he produced a receipt I would be willing to lend him a sovereign on them. He said he would come back next morning, but he did not return. Later I identified him at the police station.

Detective CHARLES YOUNG , V Division. I examined the premises at Hertford Lodge on December 29. I found that somebody had entered the front drive, walked along the garden, climbed upon a wall 3 feet high, thence upon another wall 7 feet high and dropped down into a yard at the side of the house, across the yard to a scullery window, which had been forced and a bar had been cut out, then entered thereat and went upstairs. There were the footmarks of one man only and I had those

under the billiard room window protected. Afterwards Detective-sergeant Aldridge and I compared the marks with prisoner's boots and we found them to exactly correspond.

Detective-sergeant ALDRIDGE , V Division. On January 4 I arrested prisoner in the Lower Richmond Road and told him what he would be charged with. He said, "This is news to me; I know nothing about any chessmen or Hertford Lodge." After he had been identified and charged he said, "You have got me here for nothing. I have to admit I took the chessmen to the pawnbroker. They were given to me to pawn by a man whose name I do not know, but who comes from Barnes." Prisoner's boots were taken to Hertford Lodge and found to correspond with the footmarks left behind there.

Prisoner's statement before the magistrate: "I was standing outside the "King's Head" about 1.30 on December 30, 1912, and a man came up to me and said, "Will you do me a favour?" I said, "What is it?" He said, "Come and have a drink and I will tell you." When we got inside he asked me if I would pawn something for him. I said, "Yes, I would." We came out and he said, "Let us walk along the Fulham-Palace Road." Going along, he showed me the chessmen and asked me what I thought they were worth. I asked him if they belonged to him. He said, "Yes, they are my own." I said, "Suppose they ask me who they belong to?" He said, "Say they belong to you." He also said, "Give a strange address," and he told me the address mentioned by the pawnbroker. The pawnbroker asked me if they were mine and I said, "Yes." He said, "Get the receipt and I will let you have a pound on them." I came outside and crossed the road and said to this man who was waiting for me, "He wants a receipt for the chess." He said, "I live at Barnes and have to get back; ask the pawnbroker for the chess back and I will take them somewhere else." I went back to the shop and he said he would detain them. I do not know anything about this burglary and can prove I did not go beyond Sefton treet on that night."

FRANK STONE (prisoner, not on oath) repeated his statement.

Verdict, Guilty of receiving.

Prisoner confessed to having been convicted, at London Sessions, on September 11, 1911, of housebreaking; several other convictions were proved.

Sentence: Eighteen months' hard labour.

BUNCE, Alfred Robert (62, carpenter) , stealing one screwdriver and other articles, the goods of Walter Soole; two saws and other articles, the goods of Herbert Downham; one saw set and other articles, the goods of Herbert Townsend; and two planes and other articles, the goods of Arthur Caunt, and feloniously receiving the same.

Mr. G. Tully-Christie prosecuted.

Detective-sergeant THOMAS COCK , Richmond. I went to Greenwich on January 23 and saw prisoner detained there. He had been before the magistrate on the charge of unlawful possession of certain tools. A communication was made to the magistrate and the man was discharged. Then I saw him outside and said he would be taken to Richmond

and charged with taking the tools from a workshop on the night of January 20. He replied, "I did not steal them; that is a physical impossibility; I do not know where the place is. A man gave them to me to pledge; I have known him for years. Of course, I knew the tools were stolen, but I never stole them. I hope you will be able to find the man who did steal them." I conveyed him to Richmond and, whilst awaiting the arrival of the owners of the tools, prisoner said he wished to make a statement. I took this down and he signed it: "About 11.30 a.m. on January 21 I was at Broadway, Hammersmith, when I met a man whom I have known for some years; I have known him by the name of James West. He is a painter by trade. He says, 'Hullo, chum; how are you going on?' I said, 'All right.' He invited me into the 'Hop Holes' public-house, and we had a drink together. He was carrying a tool basket containing some tools. I said, 'Where did you get them from?' meaning the tools. He said, 'I got them from a workshop at Richmond; some of them have got names on, so it will not be safe to run them in; we will go further afield.' When I saw him with the tools I knew they must have been stolen. We then entered a train at Hammersmith and rode to Black-friars and walked over the bridge and went by tram to Deptford High Street. We had some food and slept together that night. I gave the name of Burn and he gave the name of West. He paid the fares and for the food and for the night's lodging. After breakfast we left about 9 a.m. for Lewisham. There he picked out a shop and said, 'That is all right there.' He then left me to go to a urinal. I went to a pawnshop and offered a saw in pledge. The pawnbroker asked me what name I gave. I gave a name which did not agree with that on the saw. He said, 'I will keep it.' I said, 'I will go outside and see what my friend says.' He afterwards came out and called a policeman. I did not do the robbery, but I knew the goods were stolen."

RICHARD WILLIAMS , clerk, employed by Soole and Sons, builders and contractors, Richmond, spoke to leaving the premises safe on the night of January 20.

GEORGE KNIGHT , foreman to Soole and Sons, said he found the place broken into on the morning of January 21 and tools scattered about the bench.

WALTER SOOLE, HERBERT TOWNSEND , and HERBERT DOWNHAM identified the various tools and articles as their property.

ARTHUR CAUNT also identified a saw which he had left in the shop on the night of January 20.

CHARLES GULTRY , manager to a pawnbroker at Lewisham. Prisoner came into the shop on January 22 and asked for 2s. 6d. on a saw. He gave the name of Johnson. I asked him if it was usual for him to put his name on the tools he possessed, and he said, "Yes, I always impress my name on the tools." Noticing that it was a different name I told him I should detain the saw for inquiries. I sent for the police and gave him in charge.

ALBERT ROBERT BUNCE (prisoner, not on oath). The statement I made is correct.

Verdict, Guilty of receiving.

Prisoner confessed to having been convicted, at London Sessions, on July 22, 1908, in the name of George Bennett, of felony. Other previous convictions were proved (including terms of five years, three years, and three years' penal servitude) amounting to over 17 years.

Sentence: Twelve months' hard labour.