Old Bailey Proceedings Online (www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 6.0, 15 September 2014), February 1767, trial of Joseph Guy (t17670218-38).

Joseph Guy, Violent Theft > highway robbery, 18th February 1767.

172. (M.) Joseph Guy was indicted, for that he, on the King's highway, on Anne, wife of Nicholas Kemp . Esq ; did make on assault, putting her in corporal fear and danger and taking from her person a silk purse, value 6 d. a silver dollar, a quarter guinea, a 4 s. 6 d. piece, a half crown, and 2 s. in money numbered, the property of the said Nicholas , Feb 9 . +

Anne Kemp . Last Monday se'nnight, between six and seven in the evening, Mr. Kemp. I, and Mrs. Heyman were in a chariot, and got through Marybone turnpike ; Mrs. Heyman said to me, Mrs. Kemp, there is a highwayman; a man came up on horseback and demanded Mrs. Kemp's money; Mr. Kemp let down the window, and swore he should not rob him, he would not give it him; Mr. Kemp said he knew him; then I pulled out my purse, and gave it the man; he thanked me, and away he went immediately.

Q. What were his words, as near as you can recollect?

A. Kemp. He said, your money, Sir, your money, and presented a pistol to Mr. Kemp; I was sitting on the right-hand, the farther side from the man, and handed my purse over Mr. Kemp's shoulder; I gave it him because I was affrighted, and wanted to get rid of him.

Q. What sort of a purse, and what was in it?

A. Kemp. It was a green silk purse; there was a Spanish dollar, a King William and Queen Mary's half crown, a 4 s. 6 d. piece, a 5 s. 3 d. and some silver.

Q. Did you observe his person?

A. Kemp. I did not.

Q. When was the prisoner taken?

A. Kemp. He was taken the next morning.

Martha Heyman . I was in the chariot at the time Mrs. Kemp was robbed; I saw the man, and I said, here is a highwayman.

Q. Why did you say so?

M. Heyman. Because I saw him come up with a pistol in his hand.

Q. Did you see him so as to know him?

M. Heyman. I saw he was a black; he stopped the chariot, and demanded the money, not of any person particularly; Mr. Kemp said he would not be robbed, and Mrs. Kemp reached over his shoulder, and gave the highwayman her purse, and he rode off immediately.

Q. Look at the prisoner, do you know him?

M. Heyman. I cannot be positive that he was the man; it was like him.

Nicholas Kemp , Esq; Last Monday was se'nnight in the evening, about six, or a little more, we came through the turnpike at Marybone; going up to the chapel, a little way beyond that, I heard a person say, stop; I put down the window, and said to the coachman, what are you prisoner came up, and said, your money, your money, in a minute; immediately I asked him how he came to stop me in that manner, and him go about his business, and said, ( which was very imprudently done to a highwayman) I knew him; I could not get the door open, or I believe I should have unhorsed him; he said, what, you will not be robbed; I said, I will not. After that, my wife put her hand over my shoulder, (for I was turned about to him) and he snatched her purse out of her hand, which I did not perceive till after he was gone; he rode off immediately.

Q. Can you tell who stopped you?

Kemp. It was a black man, of the prisoner's stature and size; the pieces of money are remarkable; the King William and Queen Mary's half crown I gave my wife about seven years ago for a pocket-piece.

Richard Bond . On the Monday after Mrs. Kemp was robbed, Mr. Kemp came and gave information to Sir John Fielding of the man, a black highwayman; I was desired to go in pursuit of him; I went up as far as the Farthing Pye turnpike; I had intelligence he came into Tottenham-court road; I went on, and had intelligence of him till he came into Oxford-road; then I heard no more of him that night; the next day I was going through Ryder's-court, by Cranbourn alley, (there were then bills put up, describing the man) I there saw the prisoner answered the description of the bills; I went and looked at him two or three minutes; after that I said to him, my friend, you must take a walk with me; he seemed to be greatly confused. Coming through Long-acre towards Sir John Fielding 's, he stopped once or twice, and said he would not go any farther; I told him he should; he asked me for what; I told him he had assaulted a gentleman, and he must go and ask his pardon; he said, where; I said, at a public-house; (having no person with me, I did not think proper to say where I was going with him) as we were coming through a little alley called Felix-alley, he wanted to put his hand into his left-hand breeches pocket; I said, keep your hand out of your pocket, for you shall not put your hand into your pocket till you come into the public-house; I was on the right side of him; as soon as we came into the public-house, which was the Brown Bear in Bow-street, I sent over to Sir John Fielding 's, to know if he was at home; then I said, now let me put my hand into that pocket; he was unwilling; I said, I will; I put my hand in, and took out this purse, with this money in it; (a green silk purse, with money in it, produced in court.)

Court to Mrs. Kemp. Look at that purse.

A. Kemp. To the best of my knowledge, this is my purse that I gave the man at that time.

Court. See what is in it; ( she takes out a Spanish dollar, and a William and Mary's half crown.)

A. Kemp. I can very safely swear to these two pieces (holding them in her hand.)

Bond. There were several shillings in the purse, the prisoner was in a great confusion; then I took him over to Sir John Fielding 's; he was then committed till Mr. Kemp came, which was on the next day, being Wednesday.

Q. from prisoner. What breeches pocket did you take that money out of?

Bond. I took it out of the prisoner's left-hand breeches pocket.

Prisoner. I have no pocket on that side.

Bond. The prisoner said before Sir John Fielding , he had had that Spanish dollar seven years ago, when on board a man of war.

Prisoner. That I had, if not more; I brought it from my own country with me, New-York.

Court. Read the date which is upon it.

Clerk of the arraigns. It is dated 1764.

John Pilgrim . I am a stable-keeper, and live at Chelsea; the prisoner had a horse of me on a Monday; I did not take notice of the time.

Q. How long before he was taken up?

Pilgrim. It was not above a day before he was taken; he had him about three o'clock, and he came home about seven, or a little after; I cannot tell to half an hour.

Q. What business is the prisoner of?

Pilgrim. I cannot tell that; he was in the same regiment that one of my men was; I only knew him by his coming to see him.

Q. Where did he say he was going when he hired the horse?

Pilgrim. He said he was going to the Three Conies in Rumford road, that is about four miles from London.

Q. What sort of a horse was it?

Pilgrim. He is a brownish horse, about fourteen hands high, with a rat tail.

George Raleigh . I drove the chariot last Monday was se'nnight; the man that stopped us had a black face; I cannot say positively to the prisoner; the horse he was upon was very low in flesh, and he had a rat tail; I know no more of the robbery than what has been given an account of.

Thomas Sadler . I keep the Castle in Jews Row, the prisoner come to my house, and called to Tuesday se'nnight and after that me this 5 s. 3 d. piece I chary'd it oning came to to 8 d. half penny; (Produced in court.)

Court. Mrs. Kemp. that piece of money.

A Kemp. (She in her hand) I believe this to be the same that was in my purse that I lost, that time we were stopped, I know it by this little hole almost punched through it.

Q. from prisoner to Sadler. What did you say to she when you gave the change?

Sadler. I said, in the head would cut King George's it was in their power; (the was just in the gullet)

Samuel Thring . I was the footman behind the chariot at the time it was stopped.

Q. What was the colour of the horse the man rode?

Thring. I take the horse to be either a black or a brown; the hair was very thin upon his tail, and he was low in flesh.

Q. from prisoner. Whether you think I was the man that robbed your mistress?

Thring. I cannot say; all that I know is, that he was a black.

Prisoner's defence.

There are a thousand black men in London besides me: last Monday se'nnight I went to see a serjeant's sister that lives at the Three Conies in Rumford road; when I had rode over the stones, and cantered about half a mile, I found my horse would not perform his journey; I turned back again, and got to a house in King-street, Westminster; I got there about ten minutes after five, and gave my horse a feed of corn, and in about half an hour or three quarters after, I went for Chelsea; I have been in England six years.

Guilty . Death .