Old Bailey Proceedings Online (www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 6.0, 23 July 2014), Ordinary of Newgate's Account, October 1758 (OA17581002).

Ordinary's Account, 2nd October 1758.

THE ORDINARY of NEWGATE'S ACCOUNT of the Behaviour, Confession, and Dying Words Of the Five MALE FACTORS Who were executed at T,YBURN, On Monday the Second of OCTOBER, 1758. BEING THE Fifth EXECUTION in the MAYORALTY OF THE Right Honble Sir CHARLES ASGILL, Knt. LORD-MAYOR OF THE CITY of LONDON.

INTRODUCTION

And all, the People shall hear and fear and do no more presumptuously.

DEUT. xvii. 13.

EVERY civilized Nation has enacted penal Laws to restram Crimes, and protect Innocence and honest Industry: Of all the Laws framed for this Purpose, none are more wise and equitable than those enjoined to the Republic of the Israelites. One great Design of all which, is summ'd up in the Motto: To warn Men, against bold and presumptuous Crimes by seasonable and striking Examples of Punishment: And happy were it for the several Classes of People in this our Israel, if all who see or hear of these sad and shameful Examples of Punishment would so fear to offend God, or injure Man, as no more to transgress presumptuosly, and go on in a hardened Course of the prevailing Sins of the Times, which are the Reproach of human Nature, much more of a Christian Land; Such as, common and profane Cursing and Swearing, Drunkenness, Lewdness, the utter Neglect and more than brutal Comtempt of their Duty to their Creator and Preserver: Especially the Profanation of his Holy-Day, claimed and devoted by himself for promating his own Glory, and the Happiness of all Mankind; the Neglect of a due Celebration of which, is the Rood of all Irreligion and Iniquity, as long Experience has convinced every sober Man who regards the Peace, the Safety and Happiness of Society.

Pity it is therefore, that the civil Masistrates, the Officers and Ministers of Justice, Decency and Order, in their several Districts both civil and ecclefistical, do no labour to lop these early Shoots and Excrescences of Impiety and Immorality in the But; by a diligent enforcing of the lesser penal Laws, in due Time: This, instead of an Instance of Severity, would appear an Act of great Mercy to the Young and Ignorant, the thoughtless and unwary Offenders, who by a timely Check, and a moderate Penalty, might be rescued from greater Evils, and restored to the Discipline of regular Morals, and a good Life.

INTRODUCTION

But now, instead of that, by an over-indulging Lentry, of rather Negligence in the executive Part of our Laws, they are suffered to run on to early, Ruin and quick Perdition, A most shocking Instance we have of the dangerous Corruption of routh in the Execution before us, when out of five that suffered, three of them didmake up twenty Years, each, one with another. And here the Occasion calls aloud on all Parents, and Masters of Families especially the labour ing Class, no less than those of higher Stations, to revive and keep up better Means of Instruction, in Order to promote true Religion and Virtue among their Children, Servants, and Dependants.

How happily would this prevent the Grief, Shame, and Rum that ensues on the Loss of many useful and able Members of Society and save many Children and Servants from becoming a Reproach to their Families.

THE ORDINARY OF NEWGATE'S ACCOUNT of the Behaviour, Confession, & Dying Words, Etc.

By a Virtue of the King's commission of the peace, and Oyer and Terminer for the city of London, and at the general sessions of, goal delivery of Newgate, holden for the city of London, and county of Middlesex, at justice hall in the Old-Bailey, before the right honble Sir Charles Asgill, knt. lord mayor , Sir , Thomas Parker, knt . lord chief-baron of his majesty's court of Exchequer , Sir Eardley Wilmot, one of the justices of the court of King's bench , Sir William Moreton, knt. recorder , and others his majesty's justices of Oyer and Terminer, for the said city and county: on Friday the 13th, Saturday the 14th, Monday the 16th, and Tuesday the 17th of January; 1758, in the thirty-first year of his majesty's reign, Margaret Larney was capitally convicted forling one ownea; was then respited upon her being found pregnant, but when delivered, and the report last reade, was ordered for execution.

And by virtue of the King's commission of the peace and Oyer and Terminer for the city of London, and at the general sessions of goal delivery of Newgate, holden for the city of London and county of Middlesex, at justice-hall in the Old-Bailey, before the right honourable Sir Charles Asgill knt. lord-mayor , Sir Thomas Parker, knt. lord chief-baron of his majesty's court of Exchequer , the honourable Mr. Justice Bathurst, and the honourable Mr. justice Wilmot,

Sir William Moreton, knt. recorder and other of his majesty's justices of Oyer and Terminer for the city and county, on Wednesday the 28th, and Thursday the29th of June 1758. in the thirty-first year of his majesty's reign. John Carrier was capitally convicted for forgery. And,

By virtue of the King's commission of the peace and Oyer and Terminer for the city of London, and at the general sessions of goal-delivery of Newgate, holden for the city of London, and county of Middlesex, at justicehall in the Old-Bailey, before the right honourable Sir Charles Asgill, lord mayor the right honourable Sir John Willes, lord chief justice of the court of Common Pleas , and Sir Richard Adams, knt . one of the barons of the Exchequer , Sir William Moreton, recorder , and others of his majesty's justices of Oyer and Terminer for the said city and county, on Wednesday the 13th, Thursday, the 14th, Friday the 15th, and Saturday the 16th of September1758, in the thirty-second year of his majesty's reign, Richard Pensum, Mary Bulger; John Downs, Thomas Head, and John Haskins, received sentence of death, for the several crimes in their indictments laid. And,

On Tuesday the 26September, the report of eight malefactors was made to his majesty, when the five following were ordered for Execution on Monday the 2October, viz. Margaret Larney, John Carrier, Richard Pensum, John Downs, and Thomas Head.

And three respited, viz. Mary Rulger and John Haskins for street robberies, and Elizabeth Tomkinson for a felony.

1. Margaret Wife of Terence Larney was indected, for that the feloniously and traitorously with certain files and other instruments, one piece or good and lawful money of the current coin of this kingdon, called a guinea, did unlawfully file and diminish against the form of the statute in that case made and provided, the 16th December 1757

This poor unhappy prisoner having been convicted so long since as January last, and respited on account of her pregnancy, doubtless, began to say within herself, Surely the bitterness of death is past, especially as she hart gone through the pain and peril of child birth aggravated with all the miseries of Newgate and a cell, she began to hope that these dangers and sufferings would have entitled her to a longer respite and exchanged her sentence for transportation, but in vain she now found the sting of transgressing this law, too certain to be avoided; a law so important and necessary to the preservation of the current coin of the nation entire and undiminished, on which the public credit, commerce, national justice, and the facility of dealing do greatly depend.She now sound to her inexpressible grief, that private compassion, however

Strong must give way to public justice and the common

She was born in the county of Wickin Ireland, and now going on the 34th of her age; was married 19 years last August, lived in Dublin, where she kept a public house , and had been nurse in several gentle. men's families. Having met with losses, she came to London about six years ago to some friends. The principal evidence against her, viz. Alice Boyce, now Diamond, has been known to her from Child.

Larney has all along denied any share in the guilt they charged her with; but afferts, that Alice Boyce, with a brother and sister of her's have followed it 14 years here, and would have persuaded her to join them so far as to pass light guineas for them, which, she says, she utterly refused.She has left four or five children, the eldest about fourteen years of age. She was asked how she lived since she came to London? She answered, by washing and plain-work ; and that her husband could earn 15 s. a week by making straw hats . and other hats for women.

After the death-warrant came, when she was examined concerning the justice of her sentence, she said, "It was welcome by the grace of God;" but asserted, that the witnesses Diamond, Etc. never saw any thing of her guilt; however, she pray'd for all that gave evidence against her, and professed to forgive them.But in farther asserting her innocence, and in the warmth of he defence, she prayed, that the guilty part of the evidence might, by divine justice be brought to the like punishment, which they had brought on her: but on reminding her of her first good prayers for them, she retracted this, and submitted with resignation, expressing strong hopes of a happy change.

Being asked how she came to tell two different stories about the files found upon her, viz. 1st. That her little boy found them in the cellar the day before; she asserted, that was not meant of the files; but of a stick found in her closet by one of the officers who seized her; who said of it, This club used to go on the highway. To which she answered, Well were it for you Bob Sis, if you were as honest as the man who carries that stick; meaning her husband.

When questioned again, why she did not make the same defence before justice Fielding, that the files were conveyed into her house by Alice Diamond, as she had made in court? She answered, that Alice Diamond had hindered her, by pucking her by the coat, and that she was loath to betray her, as she had been before charged and taken up for filing of guineas; and she thought she must suffer, if detected again. Then, you were more tender of her than your own life? To this she answered, I was fool enough then to be so. And she also said, that they gave her hopes that nothing could be proved against her in court, tho'

the were committed by the justices and that it was but lying in prison a few weeks, and then she must be quitted and set as liberty. Thus she says, they flattered, and flung her out of her defence.

It was further urged to her, you persstoin affirming that Alice Diamond brought those files, to your room unknown to youWere there no circumstance to prove, that you made an ill use of those files, Were there no light guineas, or goldust found upon you when apprehended She answered, No such things;money but a few halfpence Had you heused a these files in filing of guineas a Instead of a direct negative she said, no one could say such a thing, her is there any such thing proved in the trial or so be seen in the Sessions paper.

Though she was brought up in the church of Rome the frequently attended divine service with us and when reproached for it by some foolprisoners, she declared, "No man should hinder her from hearing the word of God." But she held this good purpose no longer than till the next visit from a priest of that persuation, whose undue (not to say) tyrannic influence over their people, depends on their ignorance of the sacred scriptures, and whose authority in this nation they know will never prevail but in proportion as they can by every are seduce unwary people from the knowledge, veneration and love of the scriptures, and those ministers who teach themand sidelity profaneness and fects without numbers make way for popery. These thoughts are published free as they arise on this occasion not quire unprovoking on seeing this and another poor convict who had made the like honest profession and practised accordingly, remanded back from the light and liberty of truth into the chains of error and darkness, for they dared no more appear at our chapel, where the word of God is daily read and explain'd to them, before which the dangerougs delusions of popery cannot long maintain their ground.

I Know it has been often said that Popery is the finest religion in the world to be hanged with" but. I could never see the truth or reason of this unweigh'd opinion. If to go out of the world without making any true acknowledgment or satisfaction to the offended public of private party, if to die with alie in their month, and this relying on the false peace of an absolution obtained by an auricular a confession to a priest, instead of trusting to the only comfortable absolution by divine authority promised on the sure terms of true repentance and faith unfeigned, if this be the comfort they give to dying sinners in will never he envied them by any intelligent christian. Nor can the idolatrous worship paid to the host in their sacrifice of the mass, nor their prayers offered up to faints and angels. their new mediators, afford them any true consolation in compa-

rison of that pure and sol'd joy arising from partaking of the holy communion in the only true scriptural sense and manner of its institution by its divine author; in virtue of whose powerful name and intercession alone our prayers are offered up to God only, without the least ta:nt or peril of idolatry.

In truth, on the comparison their case is greatly to be pitied and lamented, who, by thus trusting in lying vanities, forsake their own mercy.

2. John Carrier was indicted, for that he had in his custody a certain bill of Exchange, with his own name subscribed thereto, drawn upon William Margessm and John Collison of for the payment of 180 l. to which said bill of exchange he forged an acceptance, and for publishing the same with intent to defraud William Cooper, Sept. 28.

He was in the 60th year of his age, well known in this city of have been a man of large dealings in different branches of the woollen manufactory, both here and several parts of the country; was born of reputable parents in the woollen trade at Froome, in Somerset Shire, where he served his apprenticeship to a broadcloth weaver , and being out of his time about nineteen, his father gave him a loom, by which he soon earned 50 l. for himself, and then followed business in the same branch and place about seven years; when by losses in trade, giving credit, and the failure of his debtors, he became a bankrupt.

He says, in particular, that he lost 170 l. by Moses Moravia a Jew , (since consined in Newgate, for being concerned in the wilful loss of an insured ship) and other considerable sums by some Blackwell-ball factors who failed. On this occasion he was within the rules of the Fleet prison (where he surrendered himself to discharge his bail) about a year and half, during which time he was partly supported by doing business by commission for some correspondents in the country. But, to add to the trouble of his losses and confinement, his wife was given to drinking and keeping such company as he did not approve of, so that they did not live very happily, or even peaceably together; and one morning she took the opportunity of his going to Shoreditch to buy wooll, and eloped with another man, leaving him neither linnen nor other goods that she could carry off, except two small children to maintain, without any thing for their subsistence; so that, he says, he was obliged to pledge his hat for money to buy them some food, and himself to fast three days, till going among some acquaintance they compassionately refreshed and relieved him with some kind and seasonable supplies. Among these benefactors, he was proud to mention a right worshipful magistrate of this city, who gave him a guinea and half, and encouraged him to call for more in time of need. After this, with some money lent him, and the help of credit,

he set up business in Suffolk street, Southwark, where he lived and dealt considerable for several years, only with an interval of one year he lived in Old-Street. In this time he dealt for 1200 l. a year with one house, 1600 l. a year with another, Etc. so that his trade was really considerable.

About March 10. 1755, he had the misfortune of fire breaking out in one of his workshops, to which se- veral other houses (9 or 10) of his work-people being contiguous, two were consumed, and some others da- maged; the loss amounting to about 1700 l. in goods and buildings, of which 1000 l. or 1100 l. only was ensured. This fire, he says was ac- casioned by the charcoal used in the wooll combing business, and that he himself was in the house when it be- gan, though not in the very room.

It has been suggested by a person who knew him at that time, that sus- picions were entertained of an evil design in burning these houses to de- fraud the ensurers; but if it be true that he lost 700 l. more than he had ensured, this suspicion must be ill- grounded, or such wicked purpose very ill execured.

What he says himself concerning the crime for which he suffered, as well as concerning the unhappy accident of the fire, is as follows, viz. That the stock that he had to begin his business with, was but very small, but had many very good customers, who, as soon as he sent them goods, gave him their not's for a particular time; he took these notes, and had them discounted, that money-enabled them to go to market, and buy his goods at reasonable rates, and so filled his warehouses with all sorts that his customers wanted, and being an industrious man, and punctual to the orders given him, as well as serving them with good commondities, they had a good opinion of him, Mr. Cr especially lent him 300 l. about three years ago; some of which he paid, but some hotes which he had discounted, proved bad, by the persons who gave them failing, that he was obliged to make good the payments himself; and at the same time this dreadful accident of the fire happening, that he lost his house, warehouses, goods, apparel, books of accounts, Etc. was of the worst consequence to him, being himself incapable of judging how much his loss was, he was obliged to leave it to the computation of the most knowing people that worked for him, and about sixteen or eighteen of those people valued them to about 1600 l. but he thinks he could be certain they were worth above 2000 l. He then had a great many notes coming sandue for him to pay, and one in particular to Mr. Cr, of 400 l. and as his all was gone, he could not tell what to do but consulted his friends and creditors, who advised him so get together what was left from the fire, and begin his trade again, which he accordingly did, and which amounted to about 400 l. for which he gave proper security to the directors of the

Fire. Office to their satisfaction, and so got to one of his old houses again.

Mr. Cr had a bond and Jugment for the 300 l. first lent him, and now in his distress lent him 26 l. at one time, and 15 l. at another which enabled him to begin to rebuild his house and warehouses, Etc. But Mr. Cr coming to view them one day, he seemed not to like the building, and told him that he must lodge somewhat in his hands for security of his money; for his wife was uneasy at his (Carrier) owing him so much, but promised not to molest him, and would be glad of having bills, or some such things in his hands. He (Carrier) dealt largely with Messieurs Mgn and Co. and used to draw bills upon them, so gave him this bill on them for 180 l. when it was presented for acceptance, they lent a servant to him, that unless he would sent them more goods, or some other security, they would accept no more bills, which he promised to do, and on that account went to Mr. Hll, another customer, who promised to lend him 300 l. on a mortgage upon his house, and lent him 50 l. then, and set a day when he would lend him the rest, the time drawing near when the bill of 180 l. coming due, he went to his friend Mr. Hll to settle accounts with him, and to have the 300 l. as promised: he settled the account with him, and took the 50 l. but said he was disappointed of money, so could not lend him the 300 l. That shocked him much,-and could not tell what to do, but was advised to go to Messieurs Man and Co. and assign over his stock to them for their security, that all the bills he should draw on them should be paid, and when so paid, that he should have possession of his stock and trade again: the assignment was made and executed, and accepted of on that account; but they putting unfkilful people in possession, prejudiced the trade very much; and after they had been there in possession two months and upwards, they took out a statute of bankruptcy against him, and what they did in the affair, he never was as much as informed of, 'till the other day he saw some of his goods in a catalogue, to be disposed of by Mr. Spencer, at his late dwelling premises in Sussolk-street in the Mint, near St. George's-Fields, Southwark, on Wednesday and Thursday the 3d and 4th of August, 1757. This is all he says, and leaves the reader to judge his usage, and signs his name to it.

John Carrier.

On another occasion, being repeatedly pressed with motives and reasons to awaken him to true sense of his guilt, he persisted to declare himself innocent of all design ever to wrong any man of the value of 6d. and particularly in passing that draught, with a forged acceptance, for which he is to die; alledging,

that it was only given as a security till the mortgage of his house should be made over to Mr. Cooper.

But, in order to come at the true state of the case, this assertion was mentioned to a less prejudiced person, who candidly represented the whole state of the transaction between Carrier, himself, and others, in so fair a light, that it was impossible not to see the guilt of many complicated fraudulent designs in the course of his dealings; particularly, it appears, that there are three other draughts for different sums, and with the same kind of acceptance passed by Carrier to other hands, for which he had some cash, and they lost the benefit of such draughts on account of the acceptance being forged; and had he not been convicted for the first, he was to be indicted for the others: and the following is a true account of those draughts, viz.

First, That for the 180 l. drawn on Messieurs Wiliam Margessan and John Collison, and presented to Mr. William Cooper, by means of which he not only obtained the whole sum, but the renewal of some notes of hand, which Mr. Chad lent him in the year 1755, on a bond and judgment; and for which false draught he was condemned.

Secondly, a draught drawn on ditto, (Messieurs Margesson and Collison) for 95 l. presented to Mr. Edward Cole, by which he obtained 40 l. 10 s. on the credit of that draught.

Thirdly, A draught drawn on ditto for 100 l. presented to Messieurs Atkinson and Abbiss in Cornhill, and obtained 60 l. on the credit of that draught.

Fourthly, A, draught drawn on ditto, value not known, but presented to Mr. Edward Brooks, and obtained of him 35 l. on the credit of that draught.

That he had made Mr. Cooper believe he had made over his house, Etc. to him as a security for 300 l. advanced him; but never did make it over, but afterwards put Messrs. Margesson and Collison in possession of all his effects, under pretence of securities to indemnify them for these draughts; which, however, they never paid, because a commission of bankruptcy took place: and that, when declared a bankrupt, he did not surrender, but instead of that, was secreted at Writtle, near Chelmsford in Essex, where he was set up, and carried on his trade under the seigned name of Bennet.

He was born of religious parents in the dissenting way, who lived in credit and good repute, his father, in his old age, abode with him a year and a half, till disliking some of his proceedings. particularly his not observing the Lord's-day in a strict and religious manner, he quit him, and would stay no longer. This Carrier freely confessed, and on several occasions expressed great sorrow for this and all his other sins, during this his last confinement; and since his conviction he lost no opportunity of performing his duty in the chapel, declared himself intirely satisfied, and conformable to our

church and died in the communion of it.

He inted in the truth of the cafe as before related, and added that had he been sent to the compter tor the 180 l. as a debt, and Margesson and Collison been sued for it, they might have recovered their money, and saved his life.

He declated as to his wife, she used him ill, by spending his money idly, and leaving him in trouble, as before mentioned: that he never was either inclined or able to treat her ill, she being strong enough to withstand him.

In vindication of Carrier, he is said to have made over his Stock to Margesson and Collison to the value of 1500 l. on condition that they should pay all his bills, with their Acceptance by him forged; and out of the residue being restored to him he was to offer 5s. in the pound to his creditors; which if they would not accept of, he would make himself a Bencher in the King's-bench prison as he had been before.

But instead of performing these conditions, 'tis believed the stock was garbled, being detained for 2 months, till recover'd on a statute of bankruptcy, and none of the above-mention'd bills being paid, he was at last found out, apprehended, prosecuted, and cast for his life.

3. John Downs, was indicted, for that he, on the 12th of August last, about the hour of three in the night, the dwelling house of Margaret Taylor, widow , did burglariously break and enter, and one pair of silver shoe buckles, value 10s. three silver tea-spoons, value 3s. one small knife value 1d. one gold ring value 6s. one five guinea piece, one three pound twelve, eighteen thirty-six shilling pieces, ten moidores, fifty guineas. and forty shillings in money, the money of the said Margaret, in her dwelling-house, did steal, take, and carry away.

It was laid over again, that he being in the house in the day-time, did burglariously break out of the said dwelling-house in the nighttime.

John Downs, about seventeen years of age, born in the parish of St. An' drew's Holbourn, of mean parentage, his father being a porter plying about Holbourn-Bridge, and his mother a chare-woman; they got this son into the charity-school of the same parish (St. Andrew's Holbourn) where he was educated in good principles, and in such useful learning as is there given, and then put out to service. (Happy had it been for him, had he made a better use of his good education!) He lived as a waiter with Mrs. Taylor in St. Mary Axe (the prosecutrix) about a year: after which, in hopes of rising to the rank of a footman in livery, he left her, and lived with Mr. Mariyn, surgeon and apothecary in Shadwell, where he continued till about ten weeks ago, when he quitted him also, for what cause does not appear, Being out of service, and short of money, he con-

trived this robbery of his former mistress, which was carried into execution in the manner described in the trial.

After the most carnest exllortation to be true in his repentance and acknowledgments, and laying before him the forfeiture of his salvation, if false and insincere, he declared that he never and taken more than 70 l. from Mrs. Taylor in this robbery: that he never saw the five guinea piece which she said she had lost. he often declared he was sensible it could not hurt him more, but rather do him good if he owned to a thousand pounds were he guilty of it; but he really had got no more Being asked what he intended to do if the had awaked while he was in the room robbing of heor He declared, as a dying man, that he never meant to hurt her person, but to run away and escape out of the house as he came in. Being also asked, whether he had not unbolted the cellar door on the Saturday night before the robbery, when coming into the house, he called for a penny worth of beer, and made a pretence to go down to the cellar, as mentioned on the trial; he owned he did then unbolt the cellar door in order to get in next morning, as he actually did, Being further asked, whether he had left it open when he came in at midnight, in order to escape the more readily, if the house should be alarmed? He answered, No, he had shut it. It may be supposed for fear of the watch coming upon him.

He was also further asked whether the young girl he courted had any part of the money be robbed from Mrs. Taylor. For he had lodged as the girl's father home the a chairmaker in CarolinaSaffron about six months, who used to charge his daughter not to keep company with that idle fellow, as he had no visible way of getting an honest livehhood But, on his declaring, as the asterts, that he had got this money by the death of an uncle at Greenwich, she consented to marry him, but providentially for her, they could not get a License. However, she went with him to buy cloaths and houshold furniture; and it appears by his own account, and other circumstances, that he intended with this money, first to inveigle his beloved girl to marry him, then to furnish a house, and to keep a chandler's shop. He denied that she had any of the money but a few shillings.

Being asked some questions concerning his behaviour whilst he lived with Mr. Mariyn at Shadwell. He did not deny but that he opened his master's bureau, as the key, was left in the lock; but that he took nothing out of it, being seen and called to be the shopman, nor was any thing missed or pretended to be lost, nor was he discharged from that service till half a year after that happened.

He declared as a dying man, that he never attempted to attack or break into his said master's house afterwards,

nor knows any thing of such an attempt.

4. Thomas Head, was indicted for stealing six Portugal pieces, one moidore, two quarters of a moidore, twenty-one guineas, four half guineas, and 13s. and 6d. in money number'd the money of John and George Russel, in the dwelling house of the said John.

Thomas Head, being eighteen years of age the 15th of August last, was born at a place called Harbridge in Hampshire, about fifty miles from Port smouth, his father was a labourer in the dock at Port smouth, assisting a cousin of his a Plummer there, and used sometimes to come and visit his wise, or supply her with remittance of money, at last took the small-pox and died of it there, when the prisoner was but a child.

This lad was compell'd by necessity to go to service at Harbridge for seven years; then went to Lymington and there lived about four years with some farmers in that neighbourhood. About half a year since came to London with two other young lads; during the hay-making season he got to work for Mr. Barnes of Holloway, and from thence came to work as a labourer with Messicurs Russell soap-boilers at Cow-Cross, about three weeks before this fact was committed. Being asked what tempted him to this robbery? he could not say what moved him to rob his master unless the tempting opportunity of seeing the doors open, and none to hinder him. But it is suspected and believed by his master that he himself left the back gate open, and so got into the counting house, where the money lay in a desk this he pierced with a knife he carried, being remarkably large, but finding it not so easy to cut thro' as to force it open, he forc'd the forews of the lock. Sometime before this robbery, his master found the same gate left open at an unseasonable hour of the night, but by shuting it disappointed the supposed design of robbery for that time. He continued to frequent the chapel, and to behave himself decently there, 'till Tuesday the 26September he was ill in his cell and uncapable to come up.

Wednesday the 27th the death warrant being come, and finding himself to be one of them ordered for execution, he made a hard shift to come to the chapel, tho' scarce able to get up stairs, or to hold up his head.

On this awakening call to death, they were instructed and prayed with an hour and half in the morning, and an hour in the afternoon, as they had also been the day before, and continued so to be, the few remaining days of their lives. The 28th and 29th he with great difficulty got up to prayers, but on the 30th was quite unable to get out of his cell, where, at his request, I visited him, labouring under a burning sever and a violent cough; in which we had all along given him such relief and assistance, as his circumstance would admit. He now desired to be prayed

with in which he joined to the best of his capacity and being furtherioned, he expressed his define toceive the holy communion at three of his fellow convicts, with others, had done this day. On this occasion being examined about his prepared on, and the sincerity of his repentence; he said, he had prayed ever since he has committed for he sexpected nothing but to be hanged.

5. Richard Pensum, otherwise Spencer, and Mary Bulger, spinster , were indicted, for that they in a certain alley near the king's highway, on Edward Hart, did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and taking from his person one silver watch, value 50s. one linnen handkerchief, value 6d. and 3s. in money numbered.

Richard-Pensum, above the age of twenty-one years, a tall, likely, wellmade young fellow, and by his aspect and appearance seemed to promise a better fate. He was born in the borders of Islington next Clerkenwell, his father was a working butcher, and put him to school to learn to read and write, then bound him to Mr. Lovel, a cooper, on Snowhill, and gave fifteen guineas (as he said) for his 'prentice fee. His master dying, he quitted that business, which he had never well taken to, and fell into idle company, and among others some solders, who one night took an opportunity to inlift him into the first regiment of footguards , when he was between seventeen and eighteen years of age, so than he had served there in three years.

He declared when he was first asked about the crime be stood convicted ofthat he Knewof it than the biggestthat is it. How then came you to be cast? He said, that going along that ho place, Chick-lans, one night, he passed tha mob of such for of peplo as frequent there. and with some of the rough language of the place, bid them stand our of the way. This Mary Bulger happened to be with him, and was detained sometime in the croud before she could pass. He declared. that he knew nothing of any robbery then committed but next day as he past along, he was taken up and charged with a robbery of a watch and some pence.

Being questioned on other occasions, he gave a more particular account of the fact, and of his life. As to the fact. he said he was drinking at the Chequer, in Chick lane when a woman (one Sarah Young) who was with Mary Bulger, ran in to him, and said, "Here is one beating Pall, or using her ill" He ran out into ThatAlley, where he found them quarrelling, and coming up to the man with some profane oaths and curfes, which said he I would not repeat, now for the world, he believes he struck him a blow with his fist, and would have rescued her. but she refused his help, and asked what he had to do there? He said, "Since you are so upstare, I'll leave you to him." Being in Liquor he declares he did not know how the scuffle end-

ed and knew nothing of the robbe-

Ashe said when his master died in the time of his servitude, his mistress gave up the cooper's business to her son, and she sold beer at the Red-Cow in CowLane where he for some time was waiter and drew beer, and also tried a few weeks with her son, at the coopering; but not liking either of these, and having a bad fore leg, occasioned by some unluckly accidents which befer it, such as a cut of an adze, and then a wheel of a cant running over it, he had his indentures given up to him. He quitted that business and returned to his mother, where he used to work now and then, partly with his step father at gardening, and partly at any jobs he could get to do, such as driving of cattle about Smithfield, Etc. which he followed an times after he had inlifted into the guards, as before mentioned. Being asked, if he did then belong to the guards when he was approhended for the fact? he said he did, till convicted; but declares he never was concerned in any robbery or theft, nor would he own himself the person who committed thishowever he would not then take upon him to assert his innocence entirely in this affair, but acknowledged that by keeping ill company, he made those his enemies which would otherwise have been his friends.

He had the good report of the prisoners, that since his conviction he spent his time in devout exercises, as reading, prayer and singing of Psalms when in his cell, which I can testify to be true.

His behaviour in the chapel was attentive and servent, reading the Psalms in course as well as he could, and looking over the lessons also, in a Bible which was lent him, making the responses and joining in the prayers with seriousness.

But, poor creature! he had the strong vanity upon him, too common to persons in his unhappy circumstances of concealing those false steps which led him gradually to this fatal period, although the duty of taking shame and guilt to themselves for the warning of others, and the satisfaction of the public is laid before them in the strongest light; for on declaring to some of his fellow soldiers and acquaintance, that he should dye innocent, some farther enquiry was made about his former behaviour, Etc. and it appeared that within this year he had been taken and punished for desertion, which was assigned as the reason why none of his officers or fellow soldiers appeared to his character at his tryal. He acknowledged he had kept company with Mary Bulger about a year past, and believed the child of which she is pregnant, to be his.

The Morning of EXECUTION, Monday 2October,

THOMAS HEAD continuing ill of a fever, was helped up to the chapel, joined in prayers and received the holy communion with three other convicts.

John Downs being again earnestly warned with ill possible persuasive to be true and full in his acknowledgments and confession, said, he never had more than 70 l. nor knows any thing of the rest of the sum laid to his charge, that the girl whom he courted never had any part of it unless two or three shillings. That some brokers who supplied him with money to support him in prison, would have had him make over the house hold goods to them which he had bought with Mrs. Taylor's cash, but it could not be done; that he never was concerned in any other fact of this kind, nor had he any accomplice.

Richard Pensum declared though he was in the company that was charged with the robbery, he knew nothing of any robbery committed, and that he never was concerned in any such fact. Being reminded that he was the in liquor and might nor remember what passed, he said, he was not so much in liquor as not to know what he did, nor yet. quite sober, but desires to warn all people against tipling drunkenness and loose idle company, which was the sre he fell into.

John Carrier said, that after the assignment of his goods to Margesson and Collison he knew nothing of any composition proposed to pay 5s. in the pound, nor heard of itin prison.

These four joined in prayers in the chapel very rervently, and received the holy facrament, it is hoped to their comfort and lasting benefit, for they appeared chearful and resigned, In their way to the place of execution they were employed in proper acts

of devotion, such as reading, praying, and singing of Psalms.

Margaret Larney, being again exhorted to acknowledge the justice of her sentence before she was taken out to execution, again protested as a dying woman, that Diamond never saw any thing of guilt by her to the value of a pid, in the matter he swore against her.

They approached the place of execusion, singing of Psalms, in which exercise they continued some time, till they were called upon to offer up their last prayers, in which they all heartily united for about half an hour, desiring particularly the 130th and 139th Psalms to be read to them, and then they sung the 142d Psalm to gether, Richard Pensum raising and guiding the tune with great spirit and composure; and here also he declared repeatedly to the people about him, that he knew nothing of the robbery he was to die for, but suffered for taking the part of a lewd woman in a quarrel she fell into in the street, A loud warning this to avoid the company and snares of lewd strumpets and street-walkers. He warned all thectators against drunkenness and ill company, while Carrier, Downs and Head bid them beware of coveting what is not their own, for this was the beginning of their ruin. In the mean time Downs, by the violence of his fever and the cough gotten by lying bare and uncovered in the cell, seemed little bitter than a dying man, abstracted from his impending fate.

Thus after each of them had expressed their satisfaction and thankfulness for all the care and pains laid out on them, and especially for these last good offices, and being again earnestly recommended to the mercy and protection of Almighty God, they resigned themselves to their punishment, calling with their last breath on the Lord Jesus to receive their Spirits.

This all the Account given by me,

STEPHEN ROE,

Ordinary of Newgate .