Old Bailey Proceedings Online (www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 7.2, 30 June 2016), Ordinary of Newgate's Account, May 1740 (OA17400507).

Ordinary's Account, 7th May 1740.

THE ORDINARY of NEWGATE, His ACCOUNT of the Behaviour, Confession, and Dying Words, OF THE MALEFACTORS, Who were Executed at TYBURN, On WEDNESDAY the 7th of May.


Number III. For the said Year.


Printed and Sold by JOHN APPLEBEE, in Bolt-Court, near the Leg-Tavern, Fleet-street, M,DCC,XL.

(Price SIX-PENCE.)

THE ORDINARY of NEWGATE, His ACCOUNT of the Behaviour, Confession, &c.

AT the King's Commission of Oyer and Terminer, and Jail-Delivery of Newgate, held (before the Right Hon. Sir JOHN SALTER, Knt . Lord Mayor of the City of London; the Right Hon. Lord Chief Justice Lee; the Hon. Mr. Justice Fortescue; the Hon. Mr. Baron Parker; the Hon. John Strange, Esq ; Recorder; and the Worshipful Mr. Serjeant Urlin, Deputy-Recorder of the City of London, and Others, his Majesty's Justices for the said City, and Justices of Jail-delivery of Newgate, and County of Middlesex) at Justice-Hall, in the Old-Bailey, on Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, the 27th, 28th, and 29th of February, and Saturday the 1st of March, 1739-40, and in the thirteenth Year of his Majesty's Reign.

Two Men, viz. John Sawney, and Samuel Hill, and five Women, viz. Elizabeth Whitney, Mary Nash, Eliz. Hains, Frances Humphries, and Elizabeth Jarvis, were by the Jury convicted of capital Crimes, and received Sentence of Death. Also, At the King's Commission of Oyer and Terminer, and Jail-delivery of Newgate, held (before the Right Hon. Sir JOHN SALTER, Knt . Lord Mayor of the City of London; the Right Hon. the Lord Chief Justice Lee; the Hon. Mr. Baron Parker; the Hon . John Strange, Esq ; Recorder ; and the Worshipful Mr. Serjeant Urlin, Deputy-Recorder of the City of London; and Others, his Majesty's Justices for the said City, and Justices of Jail-delivery of Newgate, and County of Middlesex) at Justice-Hall, in the Old-Bailey, on Wednesday, Thursday, Friday and Saturday, the 16th, 17th, 18th, and 19th of April, 1740, and in the thirteenth Year of his Majesty's Reign.

Six Men, viz. John Singleton, John Hyde, John Moore, Thomas Clements, Joseph Parker, and John Ethrington, and one Woman, viz. Margaret Newel, were by the Jury convicted of capital Offences, and received Sentence of Death.

While under Sentence, they were instructed how necessary it is to be contented with that Lot and Condition, in which God hath placed us in the World, since Discontentedness is the Cause of that Vice, namely Covetousness, for which all of them suffered so much Disgrace and Shame; and this Contentedness we showed them, is, being well pleased with that Condition, whatever it is, that God hath placed us in, not murmuring and repining at our Lot, but chearfully welcoming whatsoever God sends. How great and pleasant a Vertue this is, will appear by the contrariety it hath to several painful Vices; for where this is rooted in the Heart, it not only subdues some single Sin, but a Cluster of Sins together; it is contrary to the Sin of Murmuring, which we find so much reproved in the Israhtes; and if it be a pleasant Thing to be thankful, murmuring must be unpleasant and troublesome; it is contrary to Ambition, that makes one displeased with his present Condition; to Covetousness, as the Apostle witnesseth, Heb. 13. 5. Let your Conversation be without Covetousness, and be content with such Things as you have. Where we see Contentedness set in a direct Opposition to Covetousness, which is a very great Crime, as being contrary to the very Foundation of all good Life; those three great Duties we owe to God, to ourselves, and to our Neighbours. It is contrary to our Duty to God, Luke 16, 13, We cannot serve God and Mammon. It is contrary to our Duty to our selves, both in respect of our Souls and Bodies. The Covetous Man despises his Soul, by selling it to eternal Destruction for a little Money, which the Apostle calls the Row of all Evil, and which can be of no Use to us in the Distress, and much less in the Hour of Death: Upon the covetous Person, the Apostle pronounceth, That he shall not inherit the Kingdom of God, 1 Cor. 6. 10. And the Covetous Man offendeth not only against his Soul, but his Body too, in denying those necessary Refreshments it wants, for which Riches, so far as they concern himself, were given him. And Covetousness is contrary to the Duty we owe to our Neighbours, in both Parts of it, Justice and Charity.

From many such Considerations as these, we took Occasion to expose to them, the great Wickedness of their Lives, which had been a direct Contradiction to every Thing that's Religions and Virtuous, for which now the heavy Judgments of God had overtaken them.

One of them convicted of that heinous and attrocious Sin of Murder, I exhorted to think upon the Wickedness of his Life, and what it was that brought him into the Commission of so vile an Action, his unbridled Passion, want of Consideration, and having no regard to the fear and love of God, which Dispositions if he had been endowed with, they must necessarily have restrained him from such an outragious Action, whereby a Man is at once divested of all Humanity, and reduced into the pestiferous Nature of the most voracious and destructive Animals, whose only delight it is to tear in Pieces, and destroy their Fellow-Creatures.

Upon Wednesday the 30th of April, Report was made to his Majesty in Coun

cil, of the fourteen Malefactors under Sentence of Death in the Cells of Newgate, when Elizabeth Whitney, alias Dribray, and Mary Nash, alias Goulding, for assaulting George Stacey, in the dwelling House of William Needham, putting in Fear, &c. and taking from him a Moilore, a thirty-six Shilling Piece, and thirty Guineas, Nov. 20; Samuel Hill, of St. Giles's in the Fields, for breaking and entering the dwelling House of Magdalen Fleetwood, about three in the Night, and stealing three Copper-pot Lids, value 3 s. a Copper Coffee-pot, value 2 s. a Copper Chocolate-pot, value 2s. a Pewter Cullendar, value 4 s. five Pewter Plates, value 2 s. 6d. a Box-iron and a Heater, value 3 s. February 3d; Elizabeth Hales, Elizabeth Jarvis, and Frances Humphries, for assaulting Charles Dickerson, in the dwelling House of Godfrey Nodder, putting him in Fear, &c. and taking from him a Burragon Coat, value 25 s. a Pair of Gloves, value 12 d. a Hat, value 3 s. a Cambrick Stock, and a Bath-mettle Stock-buckle, value 6 d. and a green Parchment Pocket-Book, value 6 d. February 24th; Margarett Newel, of St. Giles's in the Fields, for privately stealing a gold Watch, and a gold Chain and Seal, value 15 l. from the Person of the Chevalier Rusca, March 9th; and John Ethrington, a Boy 14 or 15 Years old, for stealing a leather Bag, value 1 Penny, a Pair of Silver Buttons, value 3 d. two thirty-six Shilling Pieces, a Moidore, 22 Guineas, 3 Half-Guineas, and 7 s. 6 d. in Money, the Property of Richard Crimes, in the dwelling House of Edward Dudley, March 17th, received his Majesty's most gracious Reprieve: The other six, viz. John Sawney, John Singleton, Joseph Parker, John Hyde, John Moore, and Thomas Clements, were ordered for Execution.

John Sawney, of St. Martin's in the Fields, was indicted for assaulting Sarah Cockram, on the King's Highway, putting her in Fear, &c. and taking from her a Cloth Cloak, value 12 s. January 29.

1. John Sawney, 25 Years of Age, of honest Parents in the City of Cork, in Ireland, who gave him good Education at School, to read, write, and cast Accompts for Business, and instructed him in the Christian Religion; when of Age, he was bound to the Sea , and served his Time honestly and with Approbation; when out of his Time, he liv'd by his Business at Home for some Time, and then apprehending there was more to be had in England, he came over to ristol, where he lived, and from whence he sailed several Voyages, during the remaining Part of his short Time, for most Part keeping the Jamaica Trade, though he was also in several other Places, at Gibraltar, in Spain, France, Portugal, and other Parts of the West-Indies, and often at London, in his coming and going, where about eight Months or a Year ago, irresolute in his Designs, and wearied of the Sea, being very much in Liquor, and not knowing what he did, he listed in the second Regiment of Guards, and continued in that Service, 'till he committed the robbing Mrs. Cockram of her Cloak, about seven at Night, the 29th of Jan. in some Place about Drury-Lane; that he us'd the Gentlewoman rudely in tearing the Cloak from her Shoulders, and not well knowing where he was, as he endea

voured to make his Escape, he ran into a little Court where there was no thorough-fare. Two Men and Mrs. Cockram, the Prosecutrix, who scream'd out, and cry'd Stop Thief, pursuing him, he was taken in a House into which he fled, and brought to Justice. He declared himself penitent for all the Sins of his Life, particularly the heinous Crime he dyed for, that he believ'd in Christ his only Saviour, and was in Peace with all Men.

John Singleton, of St. Giles's in the Fields, was indicted for privately stealing a gold Watch, and gold Seal, value 15 l. from the Person of Henry Lampton, Esq ; April 4.

2. John Singleton, 22 Years of Age, born of mean Parents, in the North of Ireland, had no Education at School, and could neither read nor write, and as for Religion, he profest the Romish Way , but knew nothing of the Matter, being a silly, ignorant Creature; when of Age, his Father bred him to his own Trade, a Weaver , and while at Home, he lived with his Father and followed that Way of Business, and might have done well enough, had he been contented with his Lot, but disatisfied with his Condition, he long'd to see foreign Lands; and accordingly some Time last Year he came to London, where in some obscure Places about Drury-Lane, he fell in with some of his own Country People, particularly Margaret Newel, who had none of the best Advices to give him, but push'd him forward to his Ruin and Destruction: Among others, a certain Person who kept a bad House, was acquainted with him, who being a notorious Pick-pocket, instructed him that Way, which he prosecuted but a very short while, before he was brought to condign Punishment: He pretended to come hither to follow his Trade of a Weaver, but that he had no Mind to, for he associated with Whores and Thieves, who put him from all Thoughts of Business, and had him engaged in their Way of Thieving and picking Pockets; he accordingly neglected every Thing else, liv'd altogether an idle Life, and loitering about the Streets, he look'd out for his Prey wherever he could find it. It seems, one of the Places they frequently visited was the Ambassador's Chapel by Lincoln's-Inn-Fields, where many of the Romish Profession go, and thither Singleton, pretending to be of that Profession went, upon Friday the 4th of April, rather to see whose Pocket to pick, than out of any religious View; 'Squire Lampton coming out of the Ambassador's Chapel about 7 o'Clock, John Singleton pick'd his Pocket of a Gold Watch; Mr. Lampton finding his Watch gone, coller'd Singleton, who threw the Watch the other Side of the Street, which a Man took up and deliver'd to Mr. Lampton; he was carried before a Justice and committed, and upon Trial found guilty of his Crime. He gave himself out to be a bigotted Roman Catholick , and I reproved him sharply for going to a Place of Worship which he himself loved best, and to be guilty in the same Place of such vile Profanation, as stealing and thieving, contrary to all Religion whatsoever; he own'd himself a very wicked young Man, but did not incline to confess much, rather to dissemble and equivocate; and as to Religion, though he was one of the most silly, ignorant young Fellows I have met with, knew nothing of any Difference, and could give no Account of himself; he said, he would die in the same Profession with his Father, Grand-Father, and Fore-fathers, and was impatient of hearing any Thing. I was not for discomposing him in his last Moments, but desired him to believe in Christ our only Saviour, to repent sincerely of all his Sins, and to forgive all Men as they expected forgiveness: He was satisfied with Prayers, and blest me for them. He was very sick and lame of his Legs and Feet, and could not come to Worship; he died in the Christian Faith according to the Roman Way, and in Peace with all Men.

Joseph Parker, was indicted, that at the Sessions holden at the Old Bailey, on Wednesday the 7th of December, in the 11th Year of his Majesty's Reign, before the Right Hon. Sir John Barnard, Knt . then Lord Mayor of the City of London, the Right Hon. Sir John Willes, Knt . Lord Chief Justice of the Court of Common Pleas , &c. He, the said Parker, late o London, Labourer , was tried, for that he, on

the 21st of November, one silver Instrument-Case, value 40 s. the Goods of Rice Price, in his Shop, in the Parish of St. Mildred, in the Poultry, did steal, take and carry away, and thereupon, by a Jury of the Country, was convicted of stealing the Goods of the said Rice Price, to the value of 4 s. 10 d. and was accordingly ordered to be transported to some of his Majesty's Plantations in America, for seven Years, according to the Statute, &c. And that he, the said Parker, afterwards, to wit, on the 5th of January last, feloniously, and without lawful Cause, was at large, in the Parish of St. Michael Quern, before the Expiration of the Term he was ordered to be transported for, against the Form of the Statute in that Case, &c. The Counsel for the King having open'd the Indictment, and the Nature of the Evidence, took Notice, that the Prosecution was founded upon a Statute made in the 6th of his late Majesty, ch. 23. Sect. 6. and 7. that the Words of the Section were, - Whereas some Felons ordered for Transportation according to Law, have already, and others may, come on Shore, and return, before the have been actually transported to America, or may break Jail, or escape before their Transportation. " Be it enacted, &c. That if any Felon, who " shall be ordered to be transported, by this, or " any other Act, be afterwards found at large, " (without lawful Cause) before the Expiration " of such Term, for which he hath been ordered to be transported, all such Person, or " Persons, being lawfully convicted thereof, " shall suffer Death, without Benefit of Clergy. " The Record of the Prisoner's former Conviction was read, and the Order for his " Transportation for seven Years. The Court " had full Proof, that he was the same Person " who was ordered to be transported two Years " ago, and that he was found at large in England " within the Time limited by Act of Parliament, the Term of seven Years." Upon which the Jury found him guilty. Death.

3. Joseph Parker, 32 Years of Age, born in London, of mean Parents, who gave him little or no Education, which although they had given him, yet he did not seem willing or capable to receive the same. When of Age, he was put to no Business, but idled his Time away about the Streets, which brought him into a Habit of the vilest Company, to which his Inclination led him, and this compleatly ruined him, who as he was void of good Principles, ran headlong into all kind of vicious and bad Practices. He was often taken up, and often Indicted, and had been frequently confined to most of the Jails in and about the Town, and was particularly several Times in Newgate, and his whole Life was a continued Course of unwarrantable and vicious Practices. He was transported, as in the Indictment, above two Years ago, but not thinking fit to remain in Maryland, or Virginia, to the Expiration of seven Years, he laid hold on the first Opportunity of returning to England, and then betook himself to his old Course of Life, to cheat, steal, and rob upon all Occasions whatsoever, being acquainted with Gangs of the most notorious Thieves and Robbers; amongst others, he turn'd intimate with the Coiners of counterfeit Guineas and other Money, who employ'd him to get off bad Guineas; but in passing one of them upon pretence of buying something in a Shop in the City, Traders and Dealers being too often imposed upon, and losing considerably by such straggling Rogues, which puts them pretty much upon their Guard in receiving Money, he was taken up upon Suspicion of being a Coyner, or at least concerned with that Set of People, and committed to Newgate, but the Mint not finding sufficient Proof against him, in these Matters of Coyning and passing bad Money, they prefer'd an Indictment against him for returning from Transportation before the Expiration of the Term of seven Years, contrary to the Statute in that Case made and provided; and this being evidently proved upon him, cut him off as one of the most useless and destructive Members of the Common-wealth. Parker was a very obdurate, obstinate, negligent, and (it's to be fear'd) impenitent young Man, he would make no Confessions, and when I desired to speak with him privately, and (as he

was a very ignorant Person, having never given himself Time to think on Religion, and the great Concerns for his Soul) to instruct him in some Principles and Duties of Christianity necessary to be known, he ran away from me. On Sunday Afternoon, the 4th of May, two Days before he died, he went aside, as I was preaching about Death, and a godly Exhortation to all of them, and, to the great Offence of Others; he continu'd a considerable Time speaking about indifferent Things, to a Man behind him. I was a little impatient at this, and reproved him gently, desiring him to compose himself, and think seriously upon his latter End, as having but a few Moments to live; he had the Assurance to speak again, and insult me in the Pulpit; when I made mention of this to him after Sermon, he beg'd Pardon and promised to mind his Soul. He declared himself a Christian, and that he died in Peace with all Men.

Thomas Clements, late of the Parish of St. Clement Danes, Butcher , was indicted for that he not having the fear of God before his Eyes, but being moved and seduced by the Instigation of the Devil, on the 22d Day of February, in, and upon William Warner, did make an Assault, and with a certain Knife, made of Iron and Steel, value 6 d. which he the said Clements had, and held in his right Hand, towards the said Warner, did cast and throw, and him the said Warner, with the Knife so cast and thrown, on the left Side of the Belly, under the Ribs, feloniously, wilfully, and his Malice afore-thought, did strike, giving him (the said Warner) with the Knife as aforesaid, on the left Side of the Belly, under the Ribs, as aforesaid, one mortal Wound, of the length of one Inch, and of the Depth of three Inches, of which mortal Wound, from the 22d of February, to the 14th of April, he languish'd, and then died, in the Parish of St. Bartholomew the Less, London.

He was a 2d Time charged by Virtue of the Coroner's Inquisition for the said Murder.

4. Thomas Clements, 46 Years of Age, of honest Parents in Town, who gave him good Education at School, to read, write and cast Accompts for Business, and had him instructed in the Christian Religon. When of Age, he was put to a Butcher in Clare-Market, and served his Time honestly with Approbation; then he set up in Clare-Market, and afterwards married a Wife, by whom he had eleven Children, who are all dead: He lived well and kept a good House, was very honest in his Dealings, for which he had a good Character of every Body; but of latter Years, he was mightily addicted to drinking, and, as some who knew him well, told me, he was commonly drunk. This poor unhappy Man often used his Wife very ill; particularly one Time when she had not lain in about two or three Weeks, he came up to her Bedside, swearing and cursing her after a terrible Manner, that for fear he should do her a Mischief, she got out of Bed with the Infant in her Arms, and went down with a Rope which goes along the Stairs to avoid him; and several Times he has thrown the Choping Knives at her. He cared not what he did when he was in Liquor, but behaved like a Madman, and one out of his Senses, which made him uneasy in Company, and to do a great many out of the Way little Things, and to express himself very undecently, to curse and blaspheme at a prodigious rate, so that he was lookt upon as a very irregular Man, and unaccountable in many of his Actions; and these Miscarriages were the Occasion of all his future Misfortunes; yet untill he happened to commit this Murder, he never did harm to any Body. The deceas'd William Warner was always in good Friendship with Clements, and they were often, nay daily and hourly in Company together, so that there could not be any premeditated Design of Murdering him (as he said.) Clements and Warner had din'd and drank together five Minutes before the unhappy Accident happened, of which he pretended to know nothing of, being so very much in Liquor. Warner was a Butcher , and was employed by Mr. Clements, and several other Butchers in Clare-Market, to cut their Meat, and he used to call Mr. Clements his kind Master, who was generous in giving him several Things. Warner went out of the Company, and a little after Clements followed him, and he

designing to sell a Tongue, Warner told him the Tongue was already sold by his Wife, to a Customer, he alledg'd the Contrary, intending to keep the Money for his own Pocket; some few Words passing between them upon this Head, Clements took up off the Table his great cutting Knife, just come from sharpening, and threw it upon Warner, it stuck in the Left-side of his Belly under the short Ribs, Warner pull'd it out, and then he bled plentifully, and the Caul came out off the Wound to the bigness of an Egg; he fainted and sunk down, they carried him to Mr. Biggs, the Surgeon, whose Man sew'd up the Wound, and then he was carried to Bartholomew Hospital, where he lived from the 22d of February, the Day he was wounded, to the 14th of April, the Day of his Death. Warner was sometimes like to recover, and it was design'd to bail Clements out, and Mr. Warner was willing it should be so done, desiring a Friend who came to visit him, in the Hospital, to be one of Clements's Bail, and when he was dying, he said to some who came to see him, that he no ways desired Mr. Clements to suffer or die for him; but one of the saddest Articles against Clements was, when the Neighbourhood took Warner to the Surgeon, Clements went after the Mob, and by the back of Mr. Bigs's House, in the hearing of two Women who live thereabout, he said, G – D - you, I said, I wou'd do it, I have done it, I wou'd, I will do it, or Words to that purpose, repeated two or three Times. All this might be the Effects of Drink, not knowing what he said, but this is no Excuse. The first Sunday Mr. Clements did not come up to Chapel, being a little indisposed; he came up on Monday Afternoon, and when I spoke to him, he was mightily concerned and wept, and said, he knew nothing of the Matter, and was very much griev'd and sorry for what had happened, and heartily repented for it, promising all due care in Preparation for Death, and working out his Soul's Salvation by the Grace of God, hoping in the Mercy of God through Christ. He behav'd well under Sentence, and declar'd himself sincerely penitent for all the Sins of his Life, especially the crying and grievous Sin of Murder. He believ'd in Christ our only Saviour, through whose Merits and Intercession he hop'd for Salvation, and died in Peace with all the World. His only excuse was, he had no premeditated Design, and lov'd, and was always ready to do Favours to the Deceas'd Mr. Warner. He was much more humble and Submissive than the rest.

John Hyde, of Harmonsworth, was indicted for assaulting William Austen, on the King's Highway, putting him in fear, and taking from him, 7 s. in Money, a Piece of silver Coin, value 6 d. and a piece of Copper Coin, value one Farthing, March 7..

5. John Hyde, 26 Years of Age, of honest, worthy, reputable Parents, at Reading, in Berkshire, had good Education at School, to read, write, and Arithmetick for Business, and was instructed in the Articles of our Holy Christian Faith. When of Age, he was put Apprentice to an eminent Plummer , one Mr. Wall, in Piccadilly. When his Time was out, he went down to Reading, in order to follow his Business; but he, unhappy young Man, took more delight in Cock-Fighting, and such Sort of Sports, that he neglected his Business; that it drove him to unlawful Measures to get Money; and getting acquainted with his Fellow-Sufferer Moore, who was a Person ready to go upon any Enterprize in order to furnish himself with Money; they two being together Drinking at a Publick House in Reading, and Mr. Hyde being warm in Liquor, which Moore then thought it was a proper Opportunity to propose to him to go on the Highway with him, which he did after the following Manner: I perceive Mr. Hide, by your Discourse, that Work does not agree with you at all, and I understand you have almost lost all your Business, and Money is very short with you. I can propose a Thing to you, how you shall get Money enough, if you will consent to go along with me. How, says Mr. Hide, Will you be secret if you do not consent to it? The unhappy young Man swore he would. Why then says Moore, Will you go along with me on the Highway? you may get Money

enough, and if you prove true, nothing can hurt us. Upon which, without considering what Danger he was going to Plunge himself in, agreed to go along with him, and he and Moore committed several Robberies, which you will find inserted in the Appendix. When I put it to him, that he and Moore had committed abundance of Robberies on the Highway, he did not deny it, and likewise he confess'd the robbing of William Austin, Servant to Esquire Freeman, as mention'd in the Indictment. Mr. Hide, while under his unhappy Misfortune, in the Cells, behav'd as a Man should, serene, calm, and seemingly very sorry for his past Offences. (which I hope was sincere) He always came to Chapel, and behav'd while there very serious and attentive to what was said to him. He believ'd in Christ our only Saviour, repented of his Sins, and died in Peace with all the World.

John Moore, of Harmansworth, was indicted for assaulting John Freeman, Esq ; on the King's Highway, putting him in fear, &c. and taking from him a Guinea, and 6 Shillings in Money, March.

John Moore, 36 Years of Age, of honest Parents at Reading, in Berkshire, who educated him at School to read, write, and cast Accounts for Business, and instructed him in Christian Principles; and when of Age, he was bound to a Waterman , and serv'd honestly and to Satisfaction. When he was out of his Time, he serv'd in Barges, Boats, and such Vessels as are us'd upon the Thames, and lived well, wanting for nothing; he married a Wife at Reading, who had several Children by him, two or three of whom are still living. While he follow'd his Business, he maintain'd his Family in indifferent good Credit; but he fell into the same Errour with the rest, of adhering to the vilest Company of Men and Women, and he being a Fellow of bad Principles, and most vicious Practices, was willing to comply with all their Extravagancies. Disatisfied with this State of Life, of an idle Disposition, and not willing to work hard, he resolv'd to try the Highway, the last Refuge of all these wicked People, which is sure to bring them to a fatal and disgraceful End. He accordingly was content to agree with John Hyde, his Townsman, to be his Partner and Assistant in committing several Robberies, a great Number of which he own'd himself and Hyde to have committed with him about London, Hounslow-Heath, in Berkshire, and several other Places, they having raing'd over all the Country thereabout. Among other villainous Actions, he confess'd his robbing John Freeman Esq ; upon the 7th Day of March last, at the same Time and Place, betwixt the Hours of 4 and 5 in the Afternoon, when his Partner Hyde robb'd Wm. Austen, a Servant of Mr. Freeman. He came boldly up to Mr. Freeman's Coach, and demanded their Money and Watches, Mr. Freeman told him he had no Watch about him, and gave him a Guinea and 11 or 12 Shillings, Mr. Freeman's Lady gave them 7 Shillings, and telling him, the other two Women were only Servant Maids, he took nothing from them and rode off in a hurry. After this, Moore and Hyde fell out upon the Heath, about dividing the Plunder, which a Man upon the Heath was Witness of, but knew nothing of them, and Moore, the strongest of the two, beat Hyde heartily, broke his Head, from which plenty of Blood ran down upon his Face and Back; he went to a Publick House and complain'd of being unmercifully treated by a Highwayman; they did not give him much Credit, but suspected him to be the same Man he was, and that his quarrelling was with one of his own Profession; Hyde insisting on the same Story at the House where he lodg'd that Night; upon Suspicion he was, taken up at Midnight, about one or two o'Clock in the Morning, and brought to Justice: Two Days after this Robbery, Moore was taken, Sunday, March 9, by his own House at Ratcliffe, where attempting to shoot a Pistol in his own Defence, they cut his right Hand and Arm most miserably in several Places to disable him, which kept him in very great Torture and Pain, for almost all the remaining few Days of his Life. Some Days before his Death, the Pain left his Hand and Arm, having got something from a Surgeon who visited him, to make him

easie, and he was much better, and while in this pityful Condition, he endured all with a deal of Patience and Submission. He behav'd well, and declar'd he was really penitent for all the Sins of his Life, particularly the many Robberies he and John Hyde had committed in Company together. He died in the Faith of Christ, penitent for his Sins, and in Charity with all Men.

At the Place of EXECUTION.

JOHN Sawney and John Singleton, were drawn in one Cart; and Thomas Clements, John Moore, and Joseph Parker were in the second Cart; and John Hyde was carried in a Mourning Coach by himself. Sawney having been a Soldier , pretended to be a Protestant, till the Day before the Execution, and made Responses, and sung Psalms with the rest; but after that he appear'd no more, having got somebody of his own Way in Disguise, who attended Singleton, to speak to him; when I asked him, why he did so? he was an ignorant, confus'd Fellow, and could not give a Reason. They had nothing to add to their former Confessions, only Singleton said, he was in Peace with all Men. Thomas Clements had no more Confessions. Joseph Parker said, he hoped God would forgive him, seeing he repented of all his Sins, and was in Peace with all Men. John Hyde said, he would confess what he had to say when all was over, and then he alledged, if any Confessions were printed about him, all was false, although, poor unhappy young Man, to save his own Life, he gave an Information before a worthy Magistrate, of several Robberies which will be seen in the Appendix; and to this John Moore adhered, notwithstanding both of them confessed to me, they committed the two Robberies they died for; and Hyde own'd they robb'd the Rev. Mr. Millar, Minister of Maidenhead in Berkshire, nigh to his own House at Maidenhead, between five and six o'Clock in the Evening, of his Watch, a Whip, value one Guinea, a Wig, &c. and this they owned to Mr. Millar and me: Hyde knew not where these Goods were, Moore having pawned or sold them: When I asked Moore about them, Mr. Millar earnestly desiring to recover his Watch, Moore alledged the Goods were irrecoverable, he having given them to a Man who had left his Lodgings, and was gone out of the Way he knew not whether; neither did they deny their having committed a great Number of Robberies for a considerable Space of Time past, several Months if not Years. I was astonished and surprized at this their Declaration, but being in their last Moments, I did not think proper to give them any Manner of Disturbance. They were all apparently serious, and comply'd with Prayers and Singing of Psalms, and went off the Stage crying out, GOD, be merciful to us! LORD JESUS, receive our Spirits!

P. S. The Body of Clements was carried from the Place of Execution in a Hearse to his House in Clare-Market, and Mr. Hyde's to the Queen's-Head in the Old-Baily, in order for his Interment.

This is all the Account given by me


Ordinary of Newgate.


JOSEPH Parker, was about 32 Years of Age, born of mean Parents in the Parish of St. James's, his Father was a Person who sold Fruit, and carried Links to Buryings. Joseph in his Minority used to attend as a Page when any Person of Distinction was buried; his Father's Circumstances being mean, he cou'd not afford his Son any large Share of Education, so that he was but indifferently taught, and scarce could write his own Name legible. When he was about 14 Years of Age, not

caring to be any longer under his Father's Jurisdiction, he ran away and left him, and for some Months went to Sea, as a Cabbin Boy , but not caring for that Employment, he resolv'd to try to live on Shore, and coming back again, he got acquainted with Evan Morgan, a Lad about the same Age with himself, who was very expert at Cards; this Lad and Joseph Parker had got a knack of cutting to any particular Card they had a Mind to, and always kept a particular Pack of Cards for that Purpose, so when they met with any Country Fellow, or others, they used to take him in by cutting a higher or lower Card, as they thought proper; but being but indifferent Artists in this Profession, they was both detected and Parker slip'd off, and Evan Morgan being taken and carry'd before a Magistrate, was in Consideration of his Youth committed to Bridewell to hard Labour for one Month only. Parker finding his Companion detected, and examining the Contents of what he had won, found that he was Master of upwards of 40 s. with which he bought himself a Wheel-barrow, and sold Fruit about the Streets ; for the Space of two Years he followed this Employ, till one Christmas getting a Pair of loaded Dice, he play'd with some 'Prentice Boys, and won all their Box Money, to the amount of about 4 l. When the Boys being concern'd at the Loss of their All, and telling the Story of their Misfortune to a Lad of their Acquaintance, a Constable accidentally coming by, who listen'd and hearing the Story, asked them which was the Man? They said, that was the Man, pointing to Parker, who stood at some Distance from them, the Constable immediately walk'd pretty fast towards Parker's Barrow, which he percieving, and seeing the Lads along with him ran away, leaving the Constable in full Possession of his Barrow, and about 3 s. worth of Oranges.

After this Transaction Parker left off that Trade and went into the Country, in the Capacity of an Hostler , but being soon tir'd of that Life, he came to London, and getting acquainted with one D – B - they used to resort to all publick Places where there was Raffles, Lotteries, &c. which they made an Advantage of, by the Means of Confederacy, with loaded Dice, &c. These Tricks being pretty stale, they used to go with Thimbles and Balls to Fairs, &c.

After this they went upon * Clacking the Countryman, which is thus; Parker and his Companion B - dressed themselves in Liveries like two Noblemen's Servants, then their next Business was to enquire at all Inns about Town to see what Strangers came out of the Country; their next Enquiry was concerning what Business they came upon, and whether they did not want a Place; after they had sounded them, and found any young raw Country Fellow fit for their Purpose, who had brought some Money to Town along with him, they used to take him aside into a Room by himself, and enquire into his Qualifications, and presently told him, after they had first sifted him, that my Lord such a one, naming some great Nobleman, wanted just such a Person as he was, and he should be there upon a Message from his Lord the next Day, and he would speak concerning him, and he did not doubt but he would have the Place the next Day. Upon which Parker and his Friend B - desired the young Man to be in the Way at such a Time, and they would call and let him know their Success; the poor Country Fellows being in hopes of getting a good Place, used to think Parker and his Companion the best Friends they ever met with in their Life, when at the same Time their chief Design was only to fleece them.

The next Day Parker wou'd come by himself, and tell the poor credulous Fellows, that he had enquired of my Lord, and that my Lord approved of the Person according to the Description he gave of him so well, that he desired he might see him, (which Time of having an Interview was to be on the third Day from their first getting acquainted with the Countryman.) As soon as he had gone thus far, his

*Clacking the Countryman in this manner was substituted in the room of dropping a Guinea, &c. which was about this time a little stale, by Reason of the frequent Publications in the News-Papers.

Step was to ask him if he wou'd not go the Town, and if he thought proper, had two or three Hours to spare, which he spend in showing him some Part of London, which commonly is a great Satisfaction Countrymen; as soon as his new Acquaintance Parker had led him to several publick Places, such as the Royal-Exchange, &c. and had tired him in walking about, he used to ask new Acquaintance if he wou'd not go in and drink some Ale, and refresh himself, now the House where Parker usually carry'd the Countryman to, was a House which suited their Purpose, where his Friend B - was waiting ready with a Pack of Cards, which was placed on one Side of the Table, where he sat ready on purpose to entice the Countryman to play; as soon as Parker enter'd the Room, he cast his Eye directly upon his Companion B -, and in a sort of a seeming Surprize, says he, John how long have you been here? he told him he had been there an Hour, and says he, I have been very fortunate, for I have just been playing at Cards and won 5 l. have you so, says Parker, come I'll play a Game with you, and see whether you can win of me, so immediately upon this, Done, says B -, come, says Parker to the Countryman, you shall go my Halves; so they used to play perhaps three or four Games for 5 or 6 s. a Game, which Parker was sure to win. When he had won about 15 or 18 s. I fancy Friend John, says Parker B -, we shall win of you all you have if we go on; come, says B -, I'll with you for more if you think so, so then Parker could get the Countryman to consent, they used to play for six Times the Sum which they at first play'd for, when B - was sure to win; by this Means they often strip'd the Countrymen of what Money they have had about them, to the amount sometimes of 12 or 14 l. at a Time, which they have won by these Means; and when they found that they had no Opportunity of taking Countrymen in this Way by Cards, they used to have Recourse to some other Stratagems, one of which Adventures of that Nature was thus, Parker and his Friend D – B - picking up one Day at an Inn a Countryman who had newly come from Chester, and finding that they cou'd do no good with him by Cards, for he neither cared for playing, going halves, nor betting, upon which they amused him (in the Manner before described) with hopes of getting a Place, and as was before observed, he was to see the Gentleman on the third Day after their new meeting; on the Day that he was to be introduced, Parker comes very early in the Morning, and tells him if he would get up he might go along with him, and have an Opportunity of seeing the Town, and likewise of being very well entertained, for he was going to several Places to buy Jewels and other Curiosities for his Master; the Countryman swallow'd the bait, hurried on his Cloaths, and got himself clean in a trice, in order to accompany this new Acquaintance to see the Town, and likewise to go and wait upon his new Master that was to be, and in order to appear more grand, he put all his Money which he had in his Box into his Pocket, to the amount of about 15 l. when he had so done, away posts Parker and he to several Toyshops; now Parker took the Countryman along with him when he went in to any of these Shops, and said, he was a Servant to my Lord such a one, naming some Nobleman of Distinction, and that he wanted to see such and such particular Toys, which commonly was shown him with much Civility, and after he had look'd over several, he seem'd not to like them, but at last looking upon an Equipage, he asked the Gentleman of the Shop the Value of it, who told him it was worth 20 l. Parker told him, that he would acquaint his Lord, and that he would call to Morrow about it.

Now Parker had led the Countryman almost the Town over, and at those Places where he pretended to pay Money, he desired the Countryman to wait at the Door a little till he came out, and then going in to ask some frivulous Question, used to tell the Countryman when he came out, that he had been paying for some Things which he had order'd to be sent Home which was bespoke: As soon as he came out of the Toy-Shop, Parker ask'd

his new Friend if he would not accept of a Glass of Wine after their fatiyuing Journey, which the other readily accepting of, so to the next Tavern they went, where Parker called for a Pint of Sherry to refresh themselves, as soon as the Wine was brought in, and the Drawer gone, Parker accosts the Countryman in the following manner, says he, That was a fine Equipage, was it not? Yea, says the Countryman, 'twas wounded fine; Aye, replies Parker, I would have bought it, but I have been buying so many Things that I have laid out all my Master's Money which I brought out with me, except about 10 l. now I know my Master will like it prodigiously. Egad, says Parker, I'll beg a Favour of you, I'll tell you what you shall do, lend me 10 l. and I'll step back and fetch it, and you shall be paid the Money immediately when I come Home, besides, in doing this you make my Master your Friend, for I'll tell him who I borrowed the Money of when we get Home; Come, says the Countryman, we'll drink our Wine out and I'll go along with you; come along, says Parker, but first you'd as good let me have the Money, because I wou'd not have my Master look scandalous in the Shop, upon which the Countryman opens his Purse, and tells him out 10 l. and after paying for the Wine, they went in order to go to the Toy-shop, and as they were going along, Parker espies a House which had a back Door, says he to the Countryman, O Lord! I had forgot, I must deliver a Message here, do you wait at the Door and I'll come out again presently; so in he went, and under a Pretence of asking some frivolous Question, immediately slip'd out at the back Door, leaving the Countryman waiting at the Door leaning against a Post, thinking it long till his new Acquaintance came out to him.

Another Time Joseph pick'd up a Country Fellow, and after having some Discourse together, took him to see the Town: Parker carrying him through Drury-Lane, the Countryman espy'd some Ladies of Pleasure very gayly dressed, which made his Mouth water: Wounds! says the Countryman, that's a fine Woman. Parker knowing her, steps up, and tells her he had got a Country Chub, and ask'd her if she'd go and drink a Glass of Wine, and desired her to humour the Joak, and pass for Parker's Cousin. So stepping back again tells the Countryman, that that Lady was a Person of 1000 l. Fortune, and was his Cousin; and he told the Countryman, she seemed to be much taken with his Person, and said he was a very handsome Man, and moreover, added Parker, I have asked her to go and drink a Glass of Wine, will you go also and drink with her? Aye! reply'd the Countryman overjoy'd, with all my Heart. So away they go to a House hard by, and Parker's Friend D. B. attended as a Drawer: After they had drank a Bottle of Wine or two, the Countryman was very much elevated, and began to be very sweet upon Parker's Cousin; in the mean Time Parker call'd about briskly for Wine and Cakes, 'till the poor Countryman got so drunk he could scarce see. When Parker saw that, he ordered the Drawer to bring a Bill, which was thus, and was a very reasonable one.


For 3 Bottles of Pimponella Wine at 16 s. per Bottle.2 8 0

For 1 Bottle of Cedrus Pono Mandange Domo Wine.1 10 6

For 1 Bottle of Lacrymalis Chrystylla Campeachy Wine.1 5 0

For one Pound of Capacacoow Cakes.1 1 9

Sum Total-6 4 6

A soon as the Countryman looked over this Bill, it made him a little sober: says he, what Rogues are here! Six Pounds for two Hours drinking? s'bleed! I'll never pay it. Hush, says Parker, don't make yourself ridiculous before my Cousin, pay the Money, and I'll tell you how we'll order it by and by. But the Countryman still refusing, and the Lady pretending to be uneasy, handed her out of the Room, and left Friend B-, the Drawer, to deal with the Countryman, who swore, and tore, raved like a Madman: At last the Drawer

brought up a Person with a Constable's Staff, which a little mollify'd him, who told him if he did not pay the Reckoning he must go to Prison, which surprized the Countryman to such a Degree, that he opened his Pouch, and told him down the Money; but when he enquired for his Friend Parker, he was not to be found.

Parker and B - had for their Shares One Guinea and a Half a Piece, the rest was snack'd between the W - re and the B - d of the House.

Parker got acquainted with a Woman of the Town, who used to dress herself in Man's Cloaths; and one Night Parker being in his Livery, meeting accidentally with this Lady, very gay dressed in Man's Cloaths, with a Toupee Wig on, a Sword by her Side, and a gold laced Hat under her Arm, she accosted him in the following Manner: Heyday! Joseph, where are you a going this Way, (which was in Fleet-street) when I sent you of an Errand to St. James's. Joseph stared at her like one Thunder-struck, as indeed he well very might, but she discovering herself, he asked her whither she was going in that Dress, who replied, to the Play house. Joseph accordingly desired he might attend as a Servant, which being agreed upon, he called a Chair, and strutted before his new Master to Coven Garden Theatre, when they came there, the pretended Gentleman fixed himself in a Side-Box, by N -, a noted Toast of the Town, who was very gay dressed with a handsome Gold Watch by her Side, who taking her for a Gentleman of Fortune, thought she had got a very good Gallant, after the Play was over, the pretended Gentleman invited the Lady to with him, who very readily accepted the Invitation: As they were a coming out, the Gentleman's Man Joseph was ready at the Door, and was ordered to call a Couple of Chairs, bidding the Chairman carry them to a noted near the Hay-Market: As soon as they he ordered a very elegant Supper to be got, and Joseph was ordered to attend below till Supper was ready, and then to wait upon his Master at Table: Mean while Supper was dressing, Joseph stepped to an Apothecary's and bought Six-penny worth of Liquid Laudanum: And when he came back Supper being ready, the Cloth and Things were laid, and Joseph attending, and being behind the Lady's Back, he every Time she called for a Glass of Wine, put some Drops of Laudanum in unperceiv'd: As soon as Supper was over, the Lady perceiving herself to be very sleepy, asked her supposed Gallant if he would not go to Bed, which he consenting to, she began to undress herself very hastily, and went into Bed; she had not been there the Space of one Minute, before she fell fast asleep. As soon as the other found she was safe, she called Joseph up Stairs to consult what was to be done; Joseph examining her Pockets, found 5 Guineas and some Silver, and taking the Watch, he went down Stairs and desired to know what was to pay, and was answered 25 s. so paying the Reckoning, and giving the Waiter a Shilling, he ordered him to call a Chair for his Master, which he did, and the supposed Gentleman came down Stairs, and desired that they might not disturb the Lady who had been up all Night, and was gone to Bed, and he would be back again in two Hours Time; so getting into the Chair, Joseph ordered the Chairman to carry his Master to my Lord Palmerster's in St. James's-square, but before they got there, she ordered them to stop, and got out and went away with Joseph to a House near Drury-lane, where they lay together all Night, and in the Morning they divided the Booty, after they had * fenced the Watch.

After this Adventure Parker and his Friend B -, went to the House of Mr. Rice Price, a Surgeon in St. Mildrid in the Poultry, and taking the Opportunity of the Master's Absence, sent the Maid for him, pretending they wanted him in a Hurry; and whilst the Maid went to call him, they made off with a Suit of Cloaths and a Case of Instruments. Mr. Rice Price making a strict Enquiry, and offering a Reward for his Things, Parker was taken and committed to Newgate, and at the ensuing

* Sold

Sessions, which was on Wednesday the 7th of December, in the Mayoralty of Sir John Barnard, was found guilty to the Value of 4 s. 10 d. and received Sentence of Transportation, and was accordingly transported; but Joseph, who had before been to Sea, knew which Way to come back, which he accordingly did some few Months afterwards. After being in London some small Time, he got acquainted with T – B -, J – C -, and S – M -, who put him in a Method how to put off bad Money: There usual Custom was to go to several Places, as Tea-Shops, Milliners, Haberdashers, Grocers, &c. and pretending that they wanted such and such Goods, never laying out above five Shillings at a Time, when commonly they laid down a good Guinea to have it exchanged and when the Persons had almost told down the Change, they used to say, I believe I have Silver enough, and desire the Guinea again, and when their Guinea was returned, they used to pretend to recollect themselves, and say, Now I think on't I had as good have Change, and instead of returning the good Guinea again, they used to give a * Queer One.

This Practice Joseph followed for upwards of a Year and a Half, and most of the Time he kept with his Companions aforementioned, but upon some Disgust or other they seperated, and Parker shifted for himself. Parker being thus left to shift for himself, used commonly to dress himself as a Gentleman's Servant, or a Tradesman with an Apron on, and used to go about in an Evening sometimes to one Shop, sometimes to another, and he had very nigh been detected in the following Manner. He one Day went to a Grocer's Shop, and after agreeing with the Person of the Shop for a Quarter of a Pound of his best Tea, and flinging down a good Guinea, asked for Change, which the Man was going to give, and just as he had changed the Guinea, Parker pretended to recollect that he had Silver enough, and asked for his Guinea again, at which the Man looked wishfully at him, and in a Surprize asked him if his Name was not Parker, which so confounded Parker, that he did not stay to give him an Answer, but snatched up his Guinea, and marched off with the utmost Precipitation.

Parker whilst he followed this Employment, used every Day to shift his Dress, and disguise himself by blacking his Eye-brows, so that he might not be known if he was met in the Day Time, and great Success he had, for he has publickly said he has put off upwards of seven hundred bad Guineas within this Year and a half.

He was detected on Saturday, January 4, for going to the Shop of Mr. Stanton, at the Three Crowns in Cheapside, near St. Paul's-Church-Yard, and pretending he wanted a Necklace, Mr. Stanton shewed him several; at last he pitched upon one, and when he had agreed on the Price, he put down a Thirty-six Shilling Piece, and desired Change; and after Mr. Stanton had given him a good Guinea, and some Silver, as he was going out of the Shop, he suddenly turned himself about, and pretending to recollect himself, said, I believe I have Silver enough, and would not have Change, so laid down the Money he had received, but instead of laying down the good Guinea Mr. Stanton gave him, he laid down a Shilling double gilt over, and the Scepters raised on the reverse, which Mr. Stanton discovering, immediately laid hold on him, and he was carried before a Magistrate, and committed to Wood-Street-Compter, and at the Sessions following at Guild-Hall, was convicted and was ordered to be imprisoned a Twelvemonth, and to find Security for his good Behaviour for a Twelvemonth afterwards.

During his Confinement a Bill was found against him for returning from Transportation, whereupon he was capitally convicted, and received Sentence of Death accordingly.

The following is an Account of Sawney.

This Sawney was concerned with one Mitchel a Soldier, since transported, who was tried in December Sessions for breaking open Sir Fisher Tench's House in Hatton-Garden, and robbing it of Things of a considerable Value, had the good Fortune to get off for that Time. Divers Robberies Miel and he and one Ishmael Taylor (who was sometime since transported likewise) committed together, and in particular that upon one Mr. Benjamin Lee; they one Night watched him out of a House near St. George's Church , and as he was going towards the Dog and Duck, when he had got within a

* Bad, Counterfeit, False one.

few Yards of that Place, Mitchell walked pretty fast by him, and as soon as he had got a little beyond him, up comes Taylor, and tripped up his Heels, and when he had so done, Mitchell pretended to look back as if by Accident, and immediately returned, pretending to see what was the Matter; by this Time up comes Sawney, who fell likewise upon Mr. Lee. Whilst they were upon him, Mitchell pretending to assist Mr. Lee, and take the other two off, found Means in the Scuffle to take his Watch and some Silver out of his Pocket, and when they had all three got what they could, they made off; but the Man recovering himself, and finding his Watch and Money gone, called out very lustily, Stop Thief! Upon which being closely pursued, they all three fled seperate Ways, and Sawney taking down a wrong Turning, where there was no Thorough-fare, when he found he could not get through, walked very leisurely back again, and just as he had got half Way up the Alley, the Pursuers cried, Here I see one go down this Turning, and immediately turning down, met Sawney, who had got up almost by this Time out of the Alley, when one of the Men laid hold on him, and presently several assisted him; Sawney at the same Time crying, What's the Matter, Gentlemen? What would you have? You see I am but just coming from visiting a Friend in this Place; but, notwithstanding, they said hold him fast, and some more of you go down and search at the End of the Alley, for they cannot get through; in the mean time they dragged him to a Magistrate, but he not being in the Way, Sawney was put for that Night in the Cage, but Taylor and Mitchell got clear off, and missing their Companions, Sawney at the usual Place of Rendezvous, they came over about One o'Clock in the Morning with Saws, in order to release their Friend Sawney, but being disturbed, and he having just Time enough to tell them the Circumstances how he was taken, they told him to persist in what he had said and they would get a Friend to appear for him in the Morning, and then he would be discharged, but if he offer'd to * Puff, they told him they would blow his Brains out, and as was observed before, they being disturbed by their Saws making too great a Noise, they was obliged to retreat, and going to their place where they usually † Fenced the Things which they got. Upon letting the ‡ Fence have the ‖ Scout for about One Guinea and a Half, which was worth about Five, he promised to assist them in getting off their Companion in the Morning. Now this Person liv'd in the Lane where Sawney run down. In the Morning he was carried before a Justice of the Peace, and Mr. Lee not taking upon him to swear (it being a very dark Night) to his Person, he was discharged upon J - J - nes's, which was the Fences Name, giving him a Character, and saying, he had just been at his House upon some Business that Night. As soon as he was discharged, he went in quest of his two Companions, and finding them, they made themselves very merry at a Boozing Ken, but they told Sawney, they had given the Fence, the Scout to appear for him, so they sunk him out of his Share in that Booty.

An Account of John Hyde.

JOHN Hyde aged 26, born at Reading in the County of Berks, of very reputable and worthy Parents, John being the eldest Son was kept to School some Time, at a School in Reading, where he learnt to Read, Writ and cast Accompts, when he was of fit Years he was put Apprentice to a Plummer in Piccadilly, with whom he served his Time, tho' he was often in the Time of his Apprenticeship, detected in stealing Lead from his Master, and he being a good natured Man, put up with this Usage from Time to Time, upon Hyde's promising to amend for the future. On Sunday last his Master and another Gentleman came to see him, and he acknowledg'd to his Master, that when he was his Apprentice, he robb'd a Gen

* Blow, or discover, or make himself an Evidence.

† Where they sold their Things.

‡ One that buys stole Goods.

‖ Watch.

tleman who lodg'd in his Master's House of a Gold Watch, and wore it two Year, and then sold it for 8 or 10 Guineas. When his Time was out, he left his Master and went down to Reading, where he worked Journeywork for 2 Years, at the latter End of which Time he married a virtuous, sober young Woman, who lived with an Uncle at Reading, her Father is a Farmer in the County of Hants; it being not in her Father's Power to give her any Thing, her Uncle with whom she lived at Reading, gave her 150 l. with which Mr. Hyde took a Shop, and set up Master for him self, (Hyde has had two Sons by her, both dead) and in this Station lived three Years, but minding Hunting, Horse-Racing, Cock-Fighting, &c. more than Business, run out all his Wife's Fortune, besides what he had of his own. One John Moore a former Acquaintance of Mr. Hyde's, hearing of his bad Circumstances, desired to speak with him, upon which Hyde and he went to an Ale-house in the Town, where Moore asked him how Business went. Hyde complaining very bad, Moore told him he could tell him how to get Money, Hyde being willing to know, Moore asked him, if he had laid any Water Pipes any where in Town, if you have you may go and take them up in the Night, and accordingly he put his Design in Execution, and took up all the Pipes he had laid in Town; as soon as they were missed, Search was made, and the Lead found in Hyde's Custody; upon which Hyde to save himself, charg'd a poor innocent Man who lived with him; this being alarm'd about Reading, he immediately left the Town, and came to London with Moore, Hyde being afraid to be seen, desired Moore to carry him to some Place, Moore being acquainted with one W - ff, who lives over the Water, carried him there, telling W - ff he was oblig'd to fly for Debt, W - ff pittied his Condition, and entertained him. Money growing low, Moore proposed to go on the Highway, and he keeping a Horse of his own, Hyde borrow'd W - ff's, under a Pretence of going to see his Friends; in this manner they continued to rob for some Time, and getting several Watches, they desired W - ff to take and dispose of them in Holland. By this Time Hyde had got 20 l. by him, W - ff desired him to take a Trip and dispose of the Watches himself, Hyde agreed to go and lay the Money out in Tea; when Hyde arriv'd in Holland, he forgot his new Business of a Smugler, and thought upon nothing but seeing the Country, and getting in Liquor. When his Money was near gone, he wanted to come back to London, and for that End came to Dartford, where he met with Baby Bird, they being old Acquaintance, were glad to see each other, Baby had then taken his Passage, and would be glad of Hyde's Company, but there being no Conveniency in that Sloop, Hyde took his Passage in another, which was to sail at the same Time; when they arriv'd at Gravesend, Hyde was taken out of the Sloop on Suspicion of being Peter Chamberlain, and was brought to Town with Baby, and was kept in Custody of the Messengers 4 or 5 Days, (during which Time he had the usual Pay) He and Baby being carried before Justice Devil, where with some Difficulty Hyde got discharg'd by sending for a Cousin of his to speak for him. Hyde was no sooner discharg'd, than he went to his old Companion Moore, and agreed to go on the Highway, Hyde not having one Farthing of Money left.

The Information of John Hyde, Plumber , taken before me one of his Majesties Justices of the County of Middlesex.

THIS Informant, on his Oath, saith sometime in the Month of September last, John Moore, Bargeman , (now in Custody) and he went out in Company together in order, and with an Intent to rob on the Highway, and that since their said setting out as aforesaid, they committed the several Robberies following, but on what particular Days this Informant cannot tell nor doth remember otherwise than as the same are herein after expressed, that is to lay.

They robbed two Men near the Powder-Mills, on Hounslow-Heath, of two Shillings and some Half-pence, which Money the said Moor took from the said Men, and divided the same equally between him and this Informant.

That the said John Moor, about six a Clock in an Evening, assaulted a Gentleman near Cranford-Bridge, and robb'd him of a Watch with a Golddial-plate, a Shagreen case, a Green string, and twenty-one Shillings in Money, and the said Gentleman, did then, and there, take out of his Pocket, the Key of his said Watch, and gave the same to the said John Moor, and declared that he was a Linnen-Draper near the Old Change, London; and the said John Moor gave this Informant half a Guinea in part of his Share, and kept the said Watch under Pretence of disposing the same.

That another Evening, about duskish, they assaulted and stopt three Persons on Hounslow Heath, who seemed to be two Drovers and their Servant, from one of which Drovers, the said John Moor, took a good deal of silver, and this Informant took about forty-Shillings from the other and a Pocketbook, with an Almanack and several Papers which were burn'd at the said Moor's House or Lodgings at the Horse-shoe and Magpye, in Vine street Bloomsbury, and afterwards, the same Night, the said John Moor robb'd a Gentleman of five Guineas and a green Purse, which said Money, so taken, from the said Drovers and Gentleman, as aforesaid, amounted to the Sum of twelve Pounds and upwards, and was divided next Morning at the said House of the said John Moor, in Bloomsbury aforesaid, and this Informant had six Pounds to his share.

That they stopt a Man on Hounslow-Heath, in the Night-time, and the said John Moor took a Pair of silver knee-buckles from him, which he kept, and the said Person told them, he was a Drawer at the Christopher in Eaton. This Robbery was committed on the 18th of October last, being Fair Day.

That they stopt a Drover on the said Heath Night and the said John Moor, robb'd him of ten Shillings and Six-pence, and kept the same.

That the said John Moor, robb'd another Drover on the said Heath of five Pounds and five Shillings which was equally divided between him and this Informant.

That they robb'd a Waggoner at Night on the said Heath, of the Sum of four Pounds in Gold and silver, of which the laid John Moor took the Gold, and this Informant the silver, and the same was equally divided between them.

That they stopt two Gentlemen near Butchers-Grove, and did not rob them, but said, John Moor told this Informant, that he cut one of them with his Hanger, and the other's Horse ran away with him.

That they stopt a Butcher of Colebrook, and Moor took from him (as he told this Informant) about fourteen or fifteen Shillings, which was equally divided amongst them.

That in a Morning they stopt a Coach and Six in Maiden Head-Thicket, before Day-light, and this Informant took from one of the Persons in the said Coach Four-pence Half-penny, and the said John Moor, took from the rest (as he told this Informant) the Sum of fifteen or sixteen Shilling, which they divided equally; and afterwards on the Night of the same Day, they stopt a Collar-Maker, who lived at Maidenhead, and a Clergyman in a Lane near Hounslow-Heath aforesaid, and this Informant took the Clergyman's Watch, which fell in the Road and was left there, and the said John Moor afterwards return'd and took the Clergyman's Wig, as he told this Informant, and the said Collar-Makers Money fell into the said Road, but how much there was of it, this Informant doth not know.

That on a certain Evening, near the Sign of the three Pigeons on the said Heath, they stopt two Men, and the said John Moor took a Pair of Women's Clogs and some Silver from them; but how much this Informant doth not know.

That they stopt a Gentleman's Servant, on the said Heath, and the said John Moor took 30 Ells of Holland, which was for Aprons, and left the same at one Mrs. Rogers's, at the Rising-Sun in St. John's-Street, to be disposed of, but what became of it this Informant knows not.

That they stopt a Man in the Night, near London, and this Informant took his Wip, and the said John Moor took from him 5 Shillings, which they divided equally between them, and this Informant kept the said Wip.

That they stopt 2 Men on the said Heath in the Evening, from whom the said John Moor took some Silver, but this Informant knows not how much.

That on Friday the 7th of March Instant, the said John Moor, did in the Afternoon of the same Day stop a Coach on the same Heath, with a Gentleman and Lady therein, but this Informant doth

not know what Money or how much the said Moor took from them. That afterwards, the same Day, they stopt a Chaise with 2 Ladies therein, and this Informant took some Money from them, but being then in Liquor he cannot remember how much. That afterwards, the same Day, near the same Place, they stopt a Man, and this Informant took some Money from him, but for the Reason aforesaid, he can't remember how much.

Ex. S. K.

An Account of Robberies committed by Moore and Hyde.

AS they were a-going to Hounslow-Heath one Morning early, they stop'd one Mr. Smither's, of Farnham, a Higler, near Turnham-Green, from whom they took some Silver; a few Days after they stopped him a second Time, near to Bellfound, this was about five in the Morning, though they did not intend to have stopped him, but being duskish, could not see; their Mark was at a Gentleman who was to come that Way with three hundred Pounds, Hide rides by him, and calls to Moore, that is not he; when Moore passed him, says he to Hyde, D - n your Body, it is him; and accordingly Moore rode back and robbed him; the poor Man begg'd hard to let him go, as they had robbed him but a few Days before. Hyde would not have robbed him but Moore insisted on taking what he had, and accordingly took a Guinea and some Silver, which made with what they took before, 40 s. Hyde came up and out his Bridle, and ordered him to ride on softly, and if they had good Success in the next they met, he should have his Money return'd, but never had; the Man uses Chire-market, as a Higler; he has 12 small Children to maintain.

Another Time as they were coming over the Heath, they met a Gentleman who had been at Staines to receive a Sum of Money, but was disappointed; it being Night, the Gentleman struck over from the Powder-Mills for Twickenham, where he lived; Hyde met him, and pass'd him; just as he came to turn the Cause-way, the Gentleman rode into a about immediately, and ordered him out of the Pond, and desired his Money; the Gentleman directly came out, and gave him all he had which was 2 s. 2 d. Hide not being satisfied with this, searched him, not finding any more Money about him, took a Gardener's Knife from him, with which Hide cut the Bridle; the Gentleman is a Glazier at Twickenham, he was to see Hyde, and related the Story Verbatim it is here. The Gentleman very well knew Hyde, by reason his Mask droped off his Face, and the Moon shone very light: Moore was all this Time at a Distance watching for another Booty.

Another Time as they were riding over the Heath (which was their daily Practice) they me a Gentleman's Gardiner , one Peter Thompson, who lived at Staines, they robbed him and dismounted him; soon after, came the Post-master of Staines from London towards Home, the met him near the Powder-Mills; Moore as he generally did, rode up to him and bid him stop, the Post-master making some Resistance, Moore fain would have shot him, but through the Persuasion of Hyde, forbore, they took from him a Guinea, &c. He was to see Hyde in Newgate, but did not know him: It is to be observed, that Peter Thompson the Gardener , after he was robbed himself, and dismounted by Hyde and Moore, was walking after his Horse on the Heath, when the Post-master came up with him, accused him of being the Man who had robbed him, having a Grey Horse, as Moore had; the Gardner was tryed for the same, and acquitted. *

And the last Time before they were taken, as they were coming up with several Coaches to rob them, Moore was first, Hyde following close upon his Heels with a cocked Pistol in his Hand; by Accident, as Hyde says, the Pistol went off, and shot a poor Man who was attending of Sheep on the Heath; the Man asking Hyde what he did that for? Hyde turning about dropt his Hat, and told the poor Man if he did not immediately give him his Hat, he would shoot him again: Moore all this Time was robbing five Coaches, which Moore said had but very little Money, which occasioned Dispute between Hide and

Moore and Hyde living at Reading, used to all about the Country, and once in particular they went to Great Marlborough, the next Morning they met the Bath Coaches, which were five in Company, besides a Lady's Chariot; about 10 they met them on the Downs, Moore comes up to the first Coach and demands their Money and Watches; whilst Moore was robbing the first Coach, Hyde went to the others, and desired them to get ready their Money; when Moore came up to the Coach, he was masked with a leather Mask, he put his Reigns over his Pistol, and put his Hat into the Coach, the Gentlemen immediately, which were six in Number, all readily, except one, gave their Money, and one Gentleman put in some Half-pence, upon which Moore flung them all in the Dirt, asking what they meant by giving him Half-pence; they got out of that, and the other five Coaches, to the Sum of 50 l. tho' one Gentleman in the first Coach gave nothing; the Lady's Chariot, which was last, they got no more than 4 s. at which Moore got into the Chariot, and put his pistol down her Bosom; she declaring, she had no more Money, but would rather they would kill her, than use her ill.

The last Time he ever went out on the Highway, just after they had taken a Booty of about 20 l. he suspected (as Moore took the Money) that Moore had sunk on him, and as they were riding along a Lane one side of Hounslow-Heath, Hyde told Moore he had sunk on him; says Hyde, if we rob all the World, don't let us rob each other, as the Old Saying is, There is Honour amongst Thieves. Hyde insisted that Moore had sunk him of some Money; upon which Words arose, and soon after came to a Engagement with Pistols and Hangers: Moore disarmed Hyde, and left him for dead on the Ground; Hyde at his going off fired a Pistol at Moore, which missed him, then Moore returned, and wanted to make it up, but Hyde would not. During all this Scene, there were two Labouring Men the other side of the Hedge, who heard all that passed: Hyde with some Difficulty mounted and rode towards Danley Lodge, and Moore for London: As Hyde was riding over the Heath, up came the two Labourers, What's the Matter, says they. I have been robbed, reply'd Hyde. When he came to Danley Lodge, he continued in the same Story, being very bloody and in Liquor, was put to Bed, in a short Time came up the two Labourers to the Lodge, and hearing he was there, related what they had heard pass between him and Moore. Whereupon they went in Pursuit of Moore, who was gone off for London, and coming to a House in the Road where they used to use, the Pursuers Enquired if he knew any such Persons? Yes, reply'd he, they are Highwaymen: Hearing of this they return'd to Danley Lodge, and secured Hyde, and carried him before Justice Bulstroud, who committed him to Newgate on the Oath of a Shepherd, who he shot at on Hounslow-Heath, and lodged several Slugs in the Sleeve of his Coat; the poor Man asking what he did that for, upon which he threaten'd to shoot him a second Time. The next Day after his Commitment, at the Request of some of his Friends, he was carried before Justice Poulson, there he impeached Moore; though the Justice took his Examination, he would not give him his Oath. A few Days after Justice Poulson and Sir Thomas Reynolds sent for him to the Fountain Tavern, and told him, unless he could make a further Discovery, he could not be admitted an Evidence. During his Confinement before his Trial he did not behave himself, so well as a person ought to have done under those unhappy Circumstances, which poor young Man he was in.