Old Bailey Proceedings Online (www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 6.0, 26 November 2014), September 1768 (17680907).

Old Bailey Proceedings, 7th September 1768.

THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS ON THE KING's COMMISSIONS of the PEACE, OYER and TERMINER, and GOAL DELIVERY FOR THE CITY of LONDON, And also the GOAL DELIVERY FOR THE COUNTY of MIDDLESEX, HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL in the OLD-BAILEY, On Wednesday the 7th, Thursday the 8th, Friday the 9th, Saturday the 10th, Monday the 12th, and Tuesday the 13th of SEPTEMBER, 1768,

In the Eighth Year of His MAJESTY's Reign. Being the Seventh SESSIONS in the MAYORALTY of THE RIGHT HONOURABLE THOMAS HARLEY , LORD MAYOR of the CITY of LONDON.

NUMBER VII. PART I.

LONDON,

Printed for J. WILKIE, at the Bible, in St. Paul's Church-Yard,

[ Price-Six Pence.]

THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS ON THE

King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Goal Delivery held for the City of LONDON, &c.

Before the Right Hon. THOMAS HARLEY , Lord Mayor of the City of London, the Hon. GEORGE PERROT , Esq; one of the Barons of his Majesty's Court of Exchequer *; the Hon. EDWARD WILLES , Esq; one of the Justices of his Majesty's Court of King's Bench +; JAMES EYRE , Esq; Recorder ++; and other of his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer of the said City and County.

N. B. The characters * + ++ direct to the judge by whom the prisoner was tried; (L.) (M.) by what jury.

LONDON JURY.

Matthew Hooper ,

John Spell ,

George Dale ,

Thomas Vincent ,

John Heathfield ,

John Sedgwick ,

Thomas Burbridge ,

John Spendelow ,

Richard Potter ,

Robert Randall ,

John Dutton ,

Henry Ealey .

MIDDLESEX JURY.

Thomas Pickles ,

John Griffith ,

Richard Pratt ,

George Mussen ,

Matthew Snowden ,

Matthew Town ,

Thomas Partridge ,

James Lock , *

* William Abbot served part of the time in the room of James Lock.

Thomas Cartwright ,

Morris Evans ,

Thomas Darby ,

John Judson .

495. John Chapman was indicted for ripping, stealing, and taking away four iron window-bars, the weight twenty pounds, value 20 d. the property of Humphry Hall , Esq ; fixed to his dwelling-house , August 30 .

The evidences did not appear.

Acquitted .

496. (L.) Charles Gay was indicted for stealing a linen handkerchief, value 2 s. the property of Robert Reynolds , Aug. 26 . ++

Robert Reynolds . On Friday the 26th of August, a little past twelve at night, I was handing my wife out of a coach near Bartlet's-buildings ; I felt-something at my pocket, I felt and missed my handkerchief; I saw the prisoner about half a dozen yards from me, I went towards him; he took to his heels, and turned out into the carriageway, by the side of a stand of hackney coaches; I pursued him, and saw him throw a handkerchief down by the light of the moon, about twenty yards from where my pocket was picked; I was then within about three or four yards of him, I called, stop thief; he was stopped, he begged of me to be forgiven; I took the handkerchief up (produced in court) my property; he was taken to the watch-house near the end of Shoe-lane, the next morning I charged him before my Lord Mayor.

Prisoner's defence.

I was running along, they called, stop thief, I did not know what was the matter; I am as innocent as a child unborn.

For the prisoner.

Barbara Crookshanks. The prisoner's name is William Gale , not Gay; I have known him almost two years.

Prisoner. I do not call her to give evidence.

Guilty . T .

497. (L.) John Offer was indicted for stealing a silk handkerchief, value 10 d. the property of John Bigge , Aug. 20 ++

John Bigge . On the 20th of August, about seven in the evening, going up Fleet-street, at the corner of Salisbury-court , I felt something at my pocket; I turned about, and took my handkerchief out of the prisoner's hand, I turned time enough to see him taking it

Prisoner's defence.

The handkerchief was upon my left shoulder, as I was standing among the mob, expecting the King of Denmark coming by.

Guilty . T .

498. (M.) Sarah Kirk , spinster , was indicted for that she, on the 13th of May , about the hour of two in the night, the dwelling-house of Thomas Watts , did break and enter, and stealing one cloth cardinal, value 15 s. a linen gown, value 3 s. three linen aprons, value 3 s. the property of Anne Watts , spinster; one linen gown, value 4 s. one linen apron, one pair of callimanco pumps, the property of Elizabeth Parkhurst , widow , in the dwelling-house of the said Thomas Watts . *

Elizabeth Parkhurst . I live with my father at his house at Hampton-court, called the Park-house ; the prisoner had lived servant in our house, but was gone away; my father is the Park-keeper; his usual hour to go to bed is about ten o'clock, he cannot go without help, being infirm; we imagine the prisoner got into the house at the time we were helping him to bed, because the door was not locked; this was the 12th of May.

Q. Was the door shut?

E. Parkhurst. I am very sure it was, we missed in the morning the things mentioned in the indictment (mentioning them by name;) I had a suspicion of the prisoner, we got a warrant, but she was not taken till the next time she came, which was I believe the 25th of July last at night; one of the doors that opens into the garden happened to be left open, and she was taken in the house; my sister, Anne Watts's gown and cloak were found upon her back; she would not tell what she had done with the other things, she only owned to the taking the cloak and gown.

John Bullin . I am a constable, I was sent for to the house of Mr. Watts, the prisoner was then in custody, this was the 26th of July; I took her pocket off, and she had a gown and cardinal on, which the prosecutors owned; the prisoner owned she got into the house, and took them away; I examined her whether she had any companions, she said she had not.

Edmund Jane . I am clerk to Sir Philip Musgrove , here is the prisoner's confession taken before Sir Philip; I told her it would be read against her in court if she signed it, but she chose to sign it (it was read in court.)

The Contents.

"That she entered the house by listing up the

"latch of the door in the dusk of the evening,

"and continued there till three the next morning,

"and took away the things mentioned.

Guilty of stealing the goods only . T .

There was another indictment against her.

499. (M.) James Fox was indicted, together with another person unknown, for robbing Richard Dolling on the King's highway of 3 s. and 4 d. the money of the said Richard, against his will , June 24 . *

Richard Dolling . I live near Hodsden-green with Mr. Sirket, in Wilsden parish; I am a labouring man . On the 24th of June, about ten at night, I had been to London for a few necessaries, and returning on Honey-pot-hill , I met two men on foot in the road; I was on horseback, they bid me stop two or three times; I asked them what they wanted with me; they bid me stand and deliver my money; they laid hold of my horse's bridle, it was moon-light; they came on each side me, I gave them 3 s. and 4 d. I think there was fourpence halfpenny; they drew each of them a sort of a bludgeon from under their arm-pits, about two feet long.

Q. Had you ever seen the prisoner before?

Dolling. No; about a fortnight and two days after he was taken up; I was coming to London, I happened to see him going to work at Westburn-green, that is about two miles or more from Wilsden; he had a fork and a rake, going to haymaking; there were two or three more fellow-servants with me, we took the prisoner up, he offered to run away; I fetched him back, he offered to return my money again.

Q. Had you before that charged him with robbing you?

Dolling. Yes, he pulled some money out of his pocket, and said he would give me what I lost, but did not mention any sum.

Q. Do not you think he might offer you that rather than be carried to prison?

Dolling. I cannot say as to that.

Q. Consider this man's life depends upon your evidence, can you swear this man was one that robbed you?

Dolling. To the best of my knowledge he was one.

Q. How was he dressed?

Dolling. He had the same clothes he has now, the other was a lustier man than he a considerable deal; he offered to send for a man, he called him his partner, to give evidence where he was at the time of the robbery; the woman would not go, we offered to let him go, and we would go with him; then he would not go, and said he had no partner belonged to him; he said he was either at the Spotted Dog at Westburn-green, or the Red Lion; we gave him liberty to go to either of the places, but he would not.

Q. Have you enquired whether he was at either of these houses?

Dolling. No, I have not; he said he lay in Mr. Godfrey's barn that night along with one Clarey his partner.

Abraham Miller . I was along with Dolling when he took the prisoner; the prisoner went in at the Red Lion to have a pennyworth of beer; Dolling said he thought that was one of the men that robbed him, there was Dolling, William Parsons , William Russel , and I, we all stood at the door; as soon as the prisoner had drank his beer he came out; Dolling told him he wanted to speak with him, he said he wanted to drink a glass of beer with him; the prisoner immediately set out, and ran away; Dolling ran after him, and brought him back into the house, and told him he thought he was one of the men that robbed him; the prisoner fell a crying, and said he would send for his partner that he was with that night; no body would go for him; presently he said he had never a partner, nor no body belonging to him; we would have had him went, but he would not; he pulled his money out of his pocket, and offered to give Dolling his money again.

Court. Mention the words he said as near as you can.

Miller. He pulled his bag out, I do not know how much there were of it, and said as I mentioned before as near as I can remember; we got an officer and put him in Marybone watch house; we searched him, but found nothing upon him but 4 s. 2 d. in his bag.

Prisoner. I was paid that money at 'Squire Godfrey's that night, there were 4 s. 7 d. in my bag.

William Parsons , William Russel , and Henry Gray , who were at the taking the prisoner, gave the same evidence.

Prisoner's defence.

There was a salmon man who worked at Mr. Godfrey's, he went for some salmon to Billingsgate; his wife was uneasy about him; she said she would pay me for going along with her, to help to look for him; she and I went in at the Red-Lion to drink; presently came her husband crying salmon; I said, there is your husband coming; I went out to go to him, this man whom I had never seen before took hold of me, and said I robbed him such a night; I said I know nothing about it; he took hold of me and brought me into the house again, and said I had robbed him of 3 s. and his purse; as God is my judge I know nothing of it.

Acquitted .

500, 501. (M.) William Cale and Thomas Cale were indicted for burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of Joseph Harrison on the 12th of July , between the hours of twelve and two in the night, and stealing two quart silver tankards, value 10 l. a large silver waiter, value 4 l: a silver tea cannister, value 40 s. a silver spoon-tray, value 20 s. two silver butter boats, value 4 l. two silver salts and salt-spoons, value 40 s. nine silver tea-spoons, value 40 s. two silver tablespoons, value 20 s. two pair of silver tea-tongs, value 15 s. a silver watch, value 40 s. a pair of silver shoe-buckles, value 10 s. a pair of stone knee buckles, value 5 s. two Spanish dollars, value 8 s. a gold ring, value 10 s. and eight pieces of foreign coin value 10 s. the property of the said Joseph, in his dwelling-house . ++

Joseph Harrison . I live in St. Catherine's . On the 13th of July about seven in the morning, one of my servants came into my room and told me my house was broke open; I went down and saw my window shutter was broke, and the parlour door open; I found my mahogany desk in which I kept my accounts broke, and all the things laid in the indictment (mentioning them) were taken away; I have never seen them since. I saw the boy at the bar in the watch-house about 9 o'clock that day, he is son to the prisoner by him.

Q. How old is the boy?

Harrison. I am told he is about nine years old.

Alice Mason . I am servant to the prosecutor; the door and windows were all fast over night, and the next morning I found the window shutter was broke open, and all the plate was gone out of the beaufet except a punch-ladle.

George Martin . I am going into the twelfth year of my age.

Q. Have you a father?

Martin. I have, he is a waterman and lighter-man on the other side the water.

Q. to prosecutor. Have you no other evidence besides this lad?

Prosecutor. I have no other; there is a woman, but she is so ill she cannot be brought here.

Martin not knowing the nature of an oath was not examined.

Both Acquitted .

502, 503. (M.) Joseph Walldock and James Dollanson were indicted (together with John Coward and John Richardson not taken) for burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of John Perry , on the 13th of July , about the hour of two in the night, and stealing 10 s. in silver, 10 s. in halfpence, and four china punch-bowls, value 10 s. the property of the said John, in his dwelling-house . ++

John Perry . I keep the George alehouse at Islington . On the 13th of July I got up about three in the morning (as I generally do,) I found my house was broke open, which was done between twelve and three; I missed my till out of the bar; I looked at the outward door and found that fast; I went to the window-shutters, they were put to, but upon putting my hand to them they flew open; I found the iron bolt lying under the window on the inside; I missed my halfpence and silver that were in the till, about 10 s. of each; I missed eleven china bowls, my books, part of a quartern loaf, and a bottle of brandy. The watchman brought me seven of my china bowls in the morning about break of day; he brought also my two till drawers empty; Dollanson was taken the second night after.

Edward Williams . I never saw the two prisoners above twice before that night in my life. They, Coward, Richardson, and I, went to the house of Mr. Perry; one of them that is not taken forced the window-shutter open and got into the house, he brought out 7 punch-bowls and halfpence, (I never knew of the silver.) he gave them to me; I set the bowls under the bench, then he brought four more and gave them to me, then he brought some bread and a bottle of brandy, and some books and writings; then we went to the sign of the Light Horseman at the corner of Swan-alley, it was then just day-light, there we divided the halfpence, we had each 18 d. I was taken about a week or nine days after.

Aaron Spencer . I met the two prisoners and Richardson, one that is not taken, and the evidence, in Duke's-place, about nine weeks ago; Walldock had a handkerchief with four china bowls in it; Richardson came up to me and said, do you know any body that will buy some china bowls, saying he had just been on board an Indiaman at Blackwall and had bought them; I told him I did not understand them, but would help him to a man that might buy them; I took them to Houndsditch to Moses Spencer my brother; they shewed him two large and two small ones; he bought them for 6 s. 6 d. the money was given into Richardson's hands; then they went away. About a day or two after I went into Red Lion-street, a man there said, I want to ask you a question; there are some people taken up about a robbery at Islington, can you give any account about any bowls that were sold; I went and got one of a woman that had bought one of my brother, he had sold two to two women, and the two small ones he had sold to a publican in Duke's-place, the sign of the Black Boy; the people were taken before Sir John Fielding ; they denied it, and said they had bought none; I can partly swear to one of the bowls, it was broke on the edge, (such a one produced,) I had it in my hand some time, and can easily know it again; I told the people at the time it was damaged.

Q. Did you know the prisoners before?

Spencer. No, I never saw neither of them before, I knew Richardson before.

Q. Are you sure the two prisoners are the persons that were with Richardson?

Spencer. I am sure they are, I was with them above twenty minutes; I was before Sir John Fielding when Dollanson was there first; he was then acquitted, but he was taken up again about a week after, and committed by Sir John.

Isaac Elias . The two prisoners at the bar came to me where I was drinking at a public-house on Saffron-hill, the sign of the Ham; they asked me if I would buy any punch bowls; there was Anne Price and another with them. (See Price an evidence against Mary Allen and Anne Darlin , No 316, 317, which were the two women tried with Dollanson by the names of Mary Anthony and Anne Claxton , No 128, 129, all in this Mayoralty.)

Q. When was this?

Elias. This was the day after the robbery, as I heard afterwards; I said I could not look at them here, let me take them to another house; I took particular notice of the bowls, there were four of them; I carried them to the Swan in Field-lane, and examined them by myself; then I went back to them and told them I could not give the price they asked, they asked 10 s. for them, I offered them 6; I left the bowls with them, and went and told Sir John Fielding of the bowls; he said, why did not I stop the bowls; I said, because there were so many of them I was afraid; I heard no more of the bowls till Aaron Spencer told me where one of them was sold, and I went to the house and got it, (produced in court.)

Q. Where is Moses Spencer ?

Elias. He is in Newgate.

Q. Where is the woman that bought the bowl?

Elias. She is not here; that woman said she bought another bowl of Moses Spencer , and delivered it to me, (produced in court,) I can swear to both of them again; one of them has a pea-hen upon it, and like a drop of blood on the inside; the prisoners offered both these to me, (the two bowls deposed to by the prosecutor.)

Richard Good . I am a watchman; I was going by Mr. Perry's window the night of the robbery between twelve and one o'clock; there came a man to me and asked me to let him light his pipe by my lanthorn; he asked me if any body was up; I said they were at the Angel; said he, will you drink part of a mug of beer; there came another man up at the time he was lighting his pipe; they went to the Angel, I went with them *; they called for a pot of beer, I staid and drank once with them, and then went about my business; when I came to the Pied Bull bench I saw something under the bench, I thought it had been a cat; I went to look, and found seven china bowls there; I took and carried them to my apartment, this might be about two o'clock, and about three I went round again, and found a great white drawer, I carried that home; as soon as I came back again I met a woman going a milking, she had found another drawer, I took and carried that home; when Mr. Perry gets up, which is generally about three, I usually go in for a dram or a pennyworth of beer; I went in that morning, and found he had been robbed of the bowls and drawers.

* This should be a caution to watchmen not to neglect their duty, to go to drink with strangers at that time of the night.

Q. Have you any knowledge of the men that took you in to drink?

Good. I think he that asked me to drink, by his face and his wig was Dollanson, the other had a darkish coat on, and looked something like a smith.

Walldock's defence.

I desire the man in the goal may be brought out, and asked whether I sold him the bowls.

Dollanson's defence.

I was brought before Sir John Fielding five times; the last time Sir John made it his business to clear me; I get my living by going a portering, and when I have no business of that sort I work with my father.

For the prisoners.

Moses Spencer . I knew nothing of the prisoners before I saw them in goal; I bought some bowls, but not of them, there were four or five, I gave 5 s. 6 d. for them.

Q. What sort of a man did you buy them of?

Spencer. Of a little fellow, I never had any dealings with him before.

Q. Where did you buy them?

Spencer. In Houndsditch in my own room.

Q. Was there only one man?

Spencer. There were three of them together, I never saw any of them before.

Q. Are you brother to Aaron Spencer ?

Spencer. I am.

Q. Was he along with you at the time?

Spencer. He was.

Q. What did you do with the bowls?

Spencer. I sold them in Duke's-place; the two small ones I sold to a woman that keeps the Black Boy alehouse, the others I sold to a young woman, I really do not know her name, her mother lives in Duke's-place.

Q. Should you know the bowls again?

Spencer. I cannot say whether I should or not, for I did not take notice of them.

Court. Your brother says the two prisoners were the persons that sold them.

Spencer. I can't take upon me to say whether they were or not.

Q. Can you undertake to say they were not the people?

Spencer. I am positive sure they were not the people.

Elizabeth Cavenban . Walldock gets his living by working with a baker.

Q. Where does the baker live, or what is his name?

E. Cavenban. I do not know where, or with who.

Mary Robinson . My mother knew Walldock when he was a child, I never knew any harm of him.

Q. Where does he work?

M. Robinson. I do not know.

Mary Anderson . I have known Walldock a long time.

Q. When did you see him last?

M. Anderson. I don't know that I have seen him for eight months, he was somewhere in the country, I believe in Ireland; I never heard no harm of him.

Mary Woodcock . Dollanson worked for me, he has a very honest character; I keep Fleet-market, he has carried my things backwards and forwards, I never found any thing amiss by him, he lived at his father's in the neighbourhood.

Thomas Dollanson . I am his father, I am a lapidary and glass-man; my son has been at sea, he behaved very well since he came home, he gets his bread by working for me, and sometimes by portering.

Both Guilty . Death .

There was another indictment against them for a burglary.

504, 505, 506. (M.) Anne Darlin , Elizabeth Lewis , and Anne Price , spinsters , were indicted for stealing fourteen yards of muslin, value 3 l. the property of William Williams , Aug. 3 . ++

John Thomas . I am servant to Mr. William Williams on the outside Temple-bar . On Saturday the 30th of July the three prisoners came into our shop, about half an hour after twelve o'clock, and asked to see some cheque; there lay a piece of muslin of fourteen yards upon the counter; I removed it a little way back, and took down some pieces of cheque; they looked at them and did not like them; I shewed them some more; as I brought the last parcel on the counter, I observed Anne Darlin shuffle something into her pocket-hole, whether into her pocket or under her coat I cannot tell, upon which I took particular notice of her; I observed she looked me in the face at the time; Lewis asked what a yard of a piece of cheque, I said 1 s. she offered me 11 d. I could not take it; Darlin soon went out of the shop, and the rest followed her; I looked, and at that time thought I had lost nothing, but soon after I recollected the piece of muslin, which upon looking I found gone; I was certain I knew their persons could I meet with them; I went down the Strand as far as Southampton-street; I could not see any thing of them; I returned back; after that I went to York-street, Covent-garden, and in the shop of Mr. Chandler I found them all three; Darlin as soon as she saw me said, here is the gentleman; this was about twenty minutes after they left our shop; I told Mr. Taylor the journeyman, they three women had robbed me, and charged them with stealing a piece of muslin; I asked them many questions, they declared they knew nothing of it; I went to the Brown Bear in Bow-street and brought two or three of Sir John Fielding 's people; we searched them, but could find nothing; all the money they had amongst them was no more than one and twenty-pence; we took them before Sir John Fielding ; I asked them, they being so young, why they should take to such a way of life; Lewis made answer, How do you think we can live, but by whoring and thieving.

Their defence was, that Lewis asked the other two to go with her to buy two yards of cheque for an apron; that they went into the prosecutor's shop, they were shewed some, but could not deal, so they came out, and saw no muslin there. Price said she had a quarter of a guinea in the corner of her handkerchief.

All three Acquitted .

507. (M) John Griffiths was indicted for stealing a linen shirt, value 5 s. a silk hat, value 12 d. and a silk doll's petticoat, value 12 d. the property of Alexander Hague , Aug. 18 . *

Anne Hague . I am wife of Alexander Hague , we live in Wapping-street by the new market: on the 18th of August a pane of glass was broke in the shop-window, and a striped linen shirt, a silk hat, and a doll's petticoat, were taken away; the prisoner was taken within half a minute after, just at the turn of the corner, with the things upon him (produced and deposed to.)

Mrs. Hague's brother deposed he saw the shirt taken out; he ran out, and took the prisoner with the things upon him.

Prisoner's defence.

I work at coal heaving, I was coming from King James's-stairs, a young man ran by with these things; he dropped them, and I took them up, and delivered them to this young man.

Guilty . T .

508. (L.) William Garton was indicted for stealing three guineas and two half guineas , the money of John Russell , August 28 . ++

John Russell . I am a blue-maker , and live in Bread-street ; the prisoner was my porter , a yearly servant; last Monday he would have lived with me a year. On Sunday the 28th of August in the afternoon I was going out; before I went out I looked in my till, there were thirteen guineas and a moidore; in the evening when I returned, between eight and nine, I missed four guineas; I enquired where the prisoner was gone, and was told he was gone to take care of a horse; I got a constable; when the prisoner came home I got him into the parlour, I asked him what money he had in his pocket; he said he had none but his own; I said, I was sure he had more, for no body had been at the till since I went out but himself, and desired he would pull his money out; upon which he pulled out three guineas and two half guineas; I had marked the money in the till before I went out, with a scratch over the nose on the head; the three guineas and one of the half guineas were so marked, which the constable put in a piece of paper, and put in his pocket; I thought I had marked every guinea and half guinea in the till, every one of them left in the till were marked; I think I left the till locked when I went out, and at my coming home I found it unlocked; I usually kept it locked.

Q. What account did the prisoner give of this money found in his pocket?

Russell. He told me it was the first time he ever attempted any thing of that sort, and hoped I would not hurt him.

Joseph Bartlett the constable confirmed the above account.

Prisoner's defence.

I have nothing to say.

Russell. When the prisoner came first to me he behaved as well as a servant could, but lately he has fallen into bad company, and has not behaved so well.

Guilty . T .

509 (L.) Joshua Chailer , otherwise Chappelow , was indicted for stealing four dozen of worsted buttons, value 2 s. the property of William Stonehewer , July 25 . ++

William Stonebewer . I live with my uncle the prosecutor, in Talbot-court, Gracechurch-street ; the prisoner came to our shop on the 25th of July in the evening, and asked if my uncle was at home; he showed me a pattern, and said he wanted some twist to be matched; he sat upon the counter, and afterwards moved from there, and sat upon the slap of the counter, which turns up; I went backwards into the counting house, he sat talking to me; I heard the slap of the counter crack, I turned my head, and saw his hand in the hole where the buttons were; I came forwards before he had got his hand from his pocket; in a few minutes after a person came, the prisoner jumped off the counter, and went away; I told that person what I had seen; he said, run after him; I did, and catched him by the collar, and told him he had taken some buttons out of the shop; he said, d - n his heart he had not; I brought him under the gateway, by that time that person and others came; I told them what sort they were, and which pocket they were in; after some little resistance he took them out himself, and said, d - n it, let me go; we charged the constable with him, and took him to the Compter (the buttons produced and deposed to;) there are no marks upon them, but they are sowed with the same coloured thread as the others in that hole are, and I saw him take them out, and there was a vacancy between two bags where they were taken from.

Prisoner's defence.

I went into the shop to match some twist, and left the pattern along with him to match against the next morning; he went backwards, I sat on the edge of the counter, I was not off the counter, nor behind it, neither did I touch a button in the shop; I have sold buttons some years, I do keep a shop of my own at Henley upon Thames, and have goods now, the buttons were my own property; as I stand here alive I had that bag of buttons before I went into the shop.

For the prisoner.

Nicholas Noye . I have known the prisoner about fourteen or fifteen years, he kept a shop at Henley upon Thames; he always bore a very good character, for what I ever heard.

- Gibson. I have known him twenty years, I never heard but that he was a very hone st man; he was born in Cumberland.

Guilty . B .

510. (L) John Foster was indicted for stealing a silver pint mug, value 39 s. the property of Andrew Christie , Aug. 10 ++

Andrew Christie . I keep the Red Cow, a public-house in Long lane ; I was out of town on the 10th of August, I came home the next day; then the prisoner was in Wood-street Compter.

Thomas Rowland . I frequently have a pint of beer at Mr. Christie's house after dinner; I and Mr. Hill, a carpenter in Jewin street, were there drinking together, he had a silver pint, and I a pewter one; the prisoner came in, and sat close by Mr. Hill; we asked him what trade he was; he said, something like that of a shipwright, we did not like his look; Mr. Hill having an occasion to go backwards, whispered me to have an eye to his silver mug; the prisoner got close to it, and whipped it into his left-hand coat pocket, and was getting out of the box; I got round, and took hold of him, and said, young man, you have got a mug in your pocket, I saw the beer shine in it; he took it out himself; I called the people, and he was taken to the Compter.

John Corbet . I am constable, this mug was delivered into my charge with the prisoner (produced and deposed to by prosecutor.)

Prisoner's defence.

I went into that house, and into the necessary, and when I came in again I got hold of the wrong mug, but I never went out of the house with it.

Guilty .

[No punishment. See summary.]

511. (L.) Dorothy Manning , widow , was indicted for stealing a pewter pint pot, value 9 d. the property of William Seller , Aug. 13 . ++

William Seller . I keep the One Tun public-house at the bottom of Holbourn-hill ; on the 13th of last month the prisoner came in between nine and ten at night, and called for a pint of beer, the maid drawed it; I suspected her of having taken a pot and beer the night before; I watched her, there was another woman that drank once of her beer, and went away; the prisoner paid me, after that she drank her beer up, and went out at the fore-door, and I at the back-door; she stood about a minute before the front of the house, and then went over the way to a grocer's shop, and staid a little time, then came out with the pot concealed in her apron; she turned on the right hand going down towards the Fleet-market, I went and took hold of her, and took the pot from her (produced and deposed to;) I took her to the watch-house, and from thence to the Compter; she said she lived in Chick-lane.

Prisoner's defence.

Another woman and I went into that house, and had a pint of beer; she went out, and left me before it was drank; after that I went out to see for her, and had the pot in my hand, and went to see if she was in the grocer's shop.

Seller. The woman that was with her was not in the grocer's shop, the prisoner was got beyond there, going away.

Acquitted .

512. (L.) James Wallace was indicted for stealing a canvas bag, value one penny, and 60 l. in money numbered, the property of Michael Shirley , in the dwelling-house of Thomas Shirley , August 13 . ++

Michael Shirley . I live in Aldgate High-street ; I am a butcher by trade, but I am in the grasing business, and sell hides ; the prisoner was an apprentice to my brother Thomas Shirley , where I live; he was a turn-over, and had been there about two years; I missed 60 l. in a canvas bag, on the 20th of August, out of my bureau; I found my bureau locked as usual; the prisoner had been guilty of some little things before, was the occasion of my suspecting him; I challenged him with it, he freely confessed he had taken it.

Q. How did he say he took it?

Shirley. The false keys were found upon him, which he said unlocked the bureau with.

Q. Have you got any of the money back?

Shirley. No, I have not, he said he had it, and had paid it away.

Q. How old is he?

Shirley. He is about 20 years of age.

Q. What did you say to him to induce him to confess?

Shirley. I said, James, how came you to use me so ill; at first he said he did not; I said, I am certain you did; then he cried, and said he did take it; this was the same day I missed it.

Thomas Shirley . My brother the prosecutor came down stairs on the 20th of August in the morning, and said he had lost 60 l. out of his bureau; I asked him when he saw it last; he said on the 13th of the month; I said, my man James has been a sad fellow, I wish he has not had it; my brother said, I will accuse him with it; he did, and I heard him confess to my brother he had taken it; I said, where is the money; he said it was gone; I said, which way could you make away with it; he said he had paid the debts which he owed with it; I said, where is the bag; he said it was up stairs in his pocket; he went up, and I with him; he took it out of his mourning coat right hand pocket, and said, this is it that had the money in it; I said, where had you it; he said, from out of Mr. Michael's bureau; I took the bag, and we went down stairs; I showed my brother the bag, my brother said he would swear to the bag; I said to the prisoner, Jemmy, how did you open the bureau; he said, by the help of a key that lay there; I said, when did you take it; he said, that day that Mr. Michael and you went to the Marsh; I said, Jemmy, this will not do, I must charge an officer with you; he desired I would acquaint his mother; while he was writing to his mother the constable came in; I told the constable that was his man, he took him in charge; I asked him what he had wrote to his mother; the letter was, his acknowledging his taking the money, and begging money to make it up, or he must die according to law; I took the letter to her; she said she could do nothing for him; I came home, and told him what she said; I then said to him, you never could have made a hand of all this money, what have you done with it; he sat down in the presence of the officer where he had paid away and spent to the amount of 47 l. 1 s. 10 d.

Q. Suppose the mother had raised the money, what then?

Shirley. I would not have taken it, I'll assure you.

Q. Did you or your brother agree to take the money?

Shirley. No, we never did; after this I went to the prisoner in the Poultry Compter, and he gave me an account of 52 l. 7 s 5 1/2 d. which he had paid away of this money, and gave me the names of the persons to whom he had paid it to; I went to them, and found he had paid as he mentioned.

Prisoner's defence.

They offered to take the money if I could bring it.

The prosecutor and his brother both said, if the money had been raised they never intended to take it.

Guilty . Death .

513. (L.) John Brown was indicted for stealing 200 pounds weight of paper, value 30 s. the property of Jacob Franco , April 2 . *

Moses Franco . I am son to Jacob Franco ; the paper was deposited in a garret at our house at Clapton , of no use as we know of at present, but was what we did not chuse by any means to be destroyed; the prisoner was a labouring gardener , employed by Mr. Keith, our gardener, in our garden; Mr. Keith had always the key of that garret to go through into a room where he laid fruit.

Mr. Farro. I live at Hackney, old Mr. Franco was my uncle; this paper (producing a piece) was sent from the cheesemonger's with some butter in it, I knew it to be my uncle's hand-writing; I went immediately to know how it came away from his house (this is a leaf out of a ledger.)

Elias Lindce . I am book-keeper to Mr. Franco, when he was acquainted with this he gave me the key of the garret to go and see what was missing; I found there were seven ledgers and a journal wanting, the ledger went as far as the year 1744; it is customary every year to put the papers in a box, and the boxes are numbered; I put them up myself, I frequently go up into the garret to examine the old books, when we have any doubts; I believe they were all in the garret in November last, before Mr. Franco left the country; upon missing the books I acquainted Mr. Franco of it, there was a shop-keeper at Hackney said he would swear he bought some of this paper of the prisoner; then I charged him, and asked him if he knew Mr. Meredith; he said, no; I said, he had better confess, as it was in Mr. Franco's power to hang him; then the prisoner directed me to one Johnson, a shop-keeper at Hackney, where I found a parcel of our paper; I had back 113 pounds weight of James Burton of Shoreditch, 79 pounds weight of Erasmus Harvey , and about 96 pounds weight of Simon Webb , none of them people are here; these two parcels (producing them) are part of what we had from Mr. Meredith.

Mr. Meredith. I live at Hackney, my father keeps a chandler's shop there, I bought this paper of the prisoner at the bar about the latter end of last February, they are foreign letters, invoices, and the like, either directed to Mr. Franco, or his name is upon them; I bought upwards of an hundred pounds weight of him all at one time, I gave him two-pence farthing a pound for it.

Ralph Ellis . I am an officer, I was sent for to Mr. Franco's, there I was charged with the prisoner; then they delivered these two bundles of paper to me.

William Mason . I am a cheesemonger at Hackney, I bought some books or paper in January last of the prisoner, they were ledgers, and other books, I have one sheet here (produced in court;) this came out of one of the books, the only piece I had left; I bought as much as came to half a guinea, at two-pence or two-pence farthing a pound.

Lindoe. This leaf is part of one of the ledgers that was deposited in the garret, it was of the years 1722 and 23.

Thomas Johnson . I keep a chandler's shop at Hummerton, I bought some parcels of paper of the prisoner on the 18th of February last; Mr. Franco's head gardener, Mr. Keith, had them all again, there were 98 pounds weight of it.

Mr. Keith. I am gardener to Mr. Franco, the garret where these papers lay we go through to go into the fruit room; the prisoner worked under me, the key was left there very often.

Prisoner's defence.

I am innocent of the crime laid to my charge, I was always a faithful servant, I have worked twenty-two months in the garden, please to ask Mr. Keith my character.

Keith. He behaved always very sober, and very punctual as to his time; I looked upon him to be a very honest man till this happened.

Thomas Hill and Joseph Cowley of Clapton, and John Mackey in the Strand, gave him a good character, exclusive of this fact

Guilty 12 d. W .

514. (M.) John Ingledou was indicted for stealing a linen gown, value 12 d. a linen shift, value 12 d. and a silk and cotton handkerchief, value 4 d the property of Elizabeth Ragget , spinster ; six cheque linen aprons, one handkerchief, two shifts, a linen gown, and a pair of linen ruffles, the property of Mary Chiswick , spinster ; a pair of two sheets, two table cloths, three children's cotton gowns, four cotton bed gowns, and a linen gown , the property of Thomas Stratton , July 22 *

Thomas Stratton . I live at Hackney . On the 22d of July our wash-house was broke open, and several things taken out. I went to Sir John Fielding and have it put in the paper; the prisoner was taken oath on Saturday, and on the Wednesday following I attended; there were many things produced by the constable before Sir John at the time; I never saw the prisoner before, the other witnesses can give a farther account.

Elizabeth Ragget. The things laid in the indictment were left out of the wash-house, some the property of Mary Chiswick , some Mr. Stratton's, and some mine; I saw several of them again, produced by the constable before Sir John Fielding .

Stephen Blessbold . I am constable of St. Luke's parish; I was sent for to take charge of the prisoner, upon suspicion of breaking open this wash-house, by Mrs. Odley who keeps a clothes-shop in Golden-lane; (he produced a large quantity of things, shifts, sheets, table-cloths, and other things,) these were delivered to me by Mrs. Odley.

Mrs. Odley. I keep a clothes-shop in Golden-lane; the prisoner came to my shop on the 21st of July; he first offered a table-cloth and asked 2 s. for it, I bought it for 20 d. he told me he had a great many more things to sell; I asked him his name, and where he lived; he said his name was Finch, and that he lived in Cold Bath-fields; he told me he would bring them; he said his wife had been dead about three weeks; he went and brought a great bundle of things, and set them down by the door, all these which are produced here.

Elizabeth Ragget deposed to the goods as Mr. Stratton's, Mary Chiswick , and her own property, which were taken from out of the wash house

Prisoner's defence

I bought these things in Old-street of two men, I deal in buying and selling, they were going to sell them to a woman which had not money to pay for them.

Guilty . T .

515. (M.) James Jarrat was indicted for stealing a pair of linen sheets, value 5 s. and a copper tea kettle, value 2 s. the property of Samuel Lessey , in a certain lodging-room lett by contract , July 29 ++

Samuel Lessey . I live on Saffron-hill ; I lett the prisoner a lodging about two years ago, I missed a pair of sheets and a tea-kettle, part of the goods lett with the lodging, about the 29th of July; I found them again at Mr. Needham's a pawnbroker.

Robert Needham . I am a pawnbroker, and live on Saffron-hill; the prisoner's daughter pledged a tea-kettle with me the 29th of July, and at the same time the prisoner waited at the door to take the money, ( produced in court.)

Prosecutor. The prisoner's daughter lodged in the room with him, this is my tea-kettle.

Hugh Wallis . The prisoner's daughter pledged this pair of sheets to me, (produced and deposed to by prosecutor.)

The prisoner said nothing in his defence.

Guilty .

[No punishment. See summary.]

516. (L.) William Cullen was indicted for stealing two guineas, one half guinea, and 15 s. in money numbered , the property of Robert Careless , March 10 . ++

Robert Careless . I am a pawnbroker ; the prisoner was my apprentice , he has served five years and a quarter, the best part of it with reputation; he was suspected at last; I came to a resolution to search his and others boxes, which occasioned him to run away; then Zechariah Stafford told me the prisoner had made false entries in my book in February and March, and I found by examining the goods were not to be found in the warehouse, then I took the prisoner up.

Zechariah Stafford . I am fifteen years of age. On the 29th of February last the prisoner took out a guinea and a half out of his master's drawer, and on the 10th of March a guinea and 15 s. he said he was to lend it to his brother.

Q. Did you tell your master at that time?

Stafford. No, I did not; he said he would put the money in again.

Q. How do you know that he did not put it in again?

Stafford. He never told me he did.

Q. When did you first tell your master of this?

Stafford. I told him of it the 30th of July.

Mr. Davidson. The prosecutor came to my house and told me he was robbed in the manner this lad has mentioned, and was run away; I was at the examining his warehouse; there was an entry in the name of John Duck on the 10th of March, of a guinea and 15 s. lent, but there were never no such goods taken in as we could find, the prisoner denied it all.

Prisoner's defence.

On the 30th of July a thing belonging to a watch-chain was lost; I told my master I knew nothing of it; we had some words, presently he found it in the shew-glass; I am innocent of the charge laid against me; I was afraid my master should see a letter I had received from a young woman from out of the country, and he should beat me, made me run away.

He called his three brothers and two other witnesses, who gave him a good character.

Acquitted .

517. (M.) Mary wife of John Evans was indicted for stealing six linen aprons, value 8 s. three linen caps, value 18 d. a cloth cardinal, value 2 s. a silk cardinal, value 5 s. a copper tea-kettle, a silver tea-spoon, and three linen napkins , the property of Mary Beaumont , widow , Feb. 23 . ++

Mary Beaumont . I did live in Castle-street, St. Giles's when these things were lost; I had a fit of sickness, and was delirious a good while, and in the mean time I was robbed; I began to come about again in February, then I missed them; I had no body in the house but the prisoner, she had been my servant about five months, she left my service about the 21st or 22d of February.

Q. Why do you charge her?

M. Beaumont. She fetched some of these things from the pawnbroker's last Wednesday, I did not find her till then; I missed the things mentioned in the indictment, but was carried away to the hospital before I found them; when I came out again I enquired as well as I could, and the prisoner owned she had carried some of them to the pawnbroker's.

Q. How long have you been out of the hospital?

M. Beaumont. I have been out seven weeks last Thursday.

John Chandler . I am a pawnbroker, and live in Baldwin's-gardens; this tea-kettle (produced in court) was pawned with me last October, I cannot positively say it was brought by the prisoner; the constable and she came last Wednesday, she asked for the kettle, and I went with it to Sir John Fielding 's with them; the prisoner said another woman pledged it, and that she came along with her, (deposed to by prosecutrix.)

Mary Chapman . I live in Belton-street. On the 16th of June the prisoner pledged a silk cardinal with me, (pro duced and deposed to.)

George Brown . The prisoner pledged with me two aprons and a napkin on the 7th of November, (produced and deposed to.)

Prisoner's defence.

I am full seven months gone with child, and have a young child but fifteen months old; my husband is a gentleman's servant, and was then out of place; I ask mercy of my mistress and the court.

Guilty .

(M.) She was a second time indicted for stealing a bed-quilt, value 12 d. a woollen blanket, value 12 d. a mahogany tea-chest, value 12 d. a china bowl, value 12 d. and a linen sheet, value 12 d. the property of William Read , Sep. 1 . ++

Esther Read . I am wife to William Read , we live in Bear yard, Clare-market ; some of the things mentioned in the indictment were lost a month ago, and some last week; I found them all at the pawnbrokers, the prisoner lodged with me 10 or 11 weeks.

Andrew Pursell a pawnbroker, produced a punch-bowl, a sheet, and a blanket, pawned by the prisoner, and Mary Chapman produced a tea-chest, but could not tell how it came to her house. ( All deposed to by the prosecutrix.)

Prisoner's defence.

I pawned the things with intent to fetch them out again; I had not quitted my lodgings, and my husband was obliged to go out of town with his master at the time.

Guilty . B

518. (M.) John Farrow was indicted for stealing a silver watch, value 36 s. the property of William More , August.*

William More . I live in Moorfields , and am a watch maker ; we keep two different shops, I a watch-maker's shop and my wife a chandler's shop; the prisoner came into my house and asked my daughter if we sold watches; my daughter rang the bell, I came down stairs; the prisoner said, your servant. Mr. More; I said, your servant; I never saw him before in my life: pray, said he, do you make watches and sell watches; I said, yes; said he, pray what might I have a good one for; I said five guineas, six guineas, or four guineas; he said, pray have you got a good second-hand watch; I said, yes, I believe I have; I went out of the chandler's shop through the kitchen into my watch-making shop, and took a second-hand watch and brought it out in my hand to him, and desired him to step backwards and I would shew him one; I asked him who recommended him to me, as he had my name so pat; he said it was a dyer in Fashion-street, but I did not ask his name; I asked him where he lived, he told me he lived in Bishopsgate-street, I think he said at an oil shop; then I shewed him the watch, he looked at it, and asked me the price; I told him two guineas and a half; said he, is that the very lowest; I said it was; said he, will it go well if I have it, and clapped it to his ear; I told him it would go very well, and as he was recommended, here is another 10 s. worse, you may have that if you will, but I put the best into your hand, and that watch that I would not recommend I hung up again; said he, use me well, because if you do I shall want another for a brother I have in the country, and if you use me well I shall come to you for another; then he said, I tell you what, have you got some silver chains or silk strings; no, said I, I don't much deal in them, but I believe I have got one; he looked into a glass-case, there hung some ladies chains, and also several watches; said he, let me look at some of them chains that hang there; I told him they were ladies chains; I had got a silver chain in my bureau, which I turned myself, and unlocked and shewed it him, and told him the price of it was 7 s. 6 d. he said he did not like it, it did not make shew enough. In the same drawer I had two or three steel chains which I had not thought of, I shewed him them; he looked at this chain, (producing a steel one) and asked the price; I told him 18 d. said he, I tell you what, as I did not beat you down in the price of the watch you shall give me the chain in, and besides I shall buy one for my brother, I may be a better customer to you; said I, I will not stand with you for that, you shall have it; said he, I tell you what, put the watch by for me, I did not think of buying a watch when I came out, so have forgot to put some money in my pocket; I took the watch and chain out of his hand, and laid the chain on the board and the watch by it, it had only a catgut string to it; there they lay for some space; he did not speak nor I did not speak; I wanted to go about my business up stairs, I was ashamed to bid him go away, as he said he would come again, I thinking him a customer; he stood close to my elbow; I turned round to go away, thinking he would follow me then to be sure; he did follow me out of my watch-maker's shop into my kitchen, in a little space where I stopped to let him pass by me to go out; at going out he said, Mr. More, be sure you keep the watch for me; yes, yes, said I, you may be sure of it; I then went up stairs, and was gone up I believe about ten minutes; my daughter was cutting bread and butter for tea; when he went out, she rang the bell for me to come down to tea; I came down and stepped into my watch-maker's shop again, there lay the chain upon the board as before, and the watch was gone; I said to my daughter, this rogue has stole the watch; no body had been in the shop but myself and he, and he was the last person out.

Q. Did you ever get your watch again?

More. No, I never did, I advertised it.

Cross examination.

Q. When did you first see the prisoner afterwards?

More. That was on the 13th, he came first on the 11th of August; on the 13th he went by the door in another dress; I was in the kitchen, I saw the side of his face, I ran out to see if it was the same man; I said, young man, pray come back, I want to speak with you; said I, you stole the watch, he denied it.

Q. Did he not pull off his hat to you?

More. No, he was gone by my door.

Q. What time of the day was this?

More. This was about half an hour after one o'clock.

Q. Was this watch in order?

More. It was quite in order, I had lent it to several gentlemen to wear.

Q. Did he not name the name of the person where he lived?

More. No, he did not, I never asked him.

Q. Did he say who he worked for?

More. No, he said it was a dyer that recommended him.

Q. How long was you up stairs before you came down?

More. I believe I might be up stairs about ten minutes, much about that time.

Q. Was your house-door open?

More. It was.

Q. When did you advertise the watch, before or after he was taken?

More. After he was taken; as he denied having it I thought I might meet with it at some pawnbroker's.

Q. Had he a watch in his pocket when you stopped him?

More. He had, which he said he had bargained for with some shop-made.

Q. Do you know the name and number of the watch?

More. I know the name of it.

Q. Was there not a proposal about paying the money for the watch by none of your family?

More. There was none made as I know of.

Q. Did not you make an offer of what you would do it the watch was paid for?

More. No, I never did to any body, I never spoke to no body about it as I know of.

Sarah Cope . I live with Mr. More, I am his daughter-in-law, my mother keeps a chandler's shop, and I attend it when she is not in the way; I was in the chandler's shop, the prisoner came in and asked me if I sold watches, this was on Thursday the 11th of August; I said, yes, Sir; I rang the bell for my father; the prisoner asked me what my master's name was, I said More; when my father came down the prisoner said, your servant, Mr. More, do you make watches or sell watches; my father went into his shop and said, yes; he came out and asked the prisoner to step backwards with him in the work-shop; my father went in first and he followed him, and I went into the kitchen to cut bread and butter for tea; the shop lies on one side of the kitchen, we go through the kitchen into the shop, I sat opposite the shop-door; I saw my father come out and the prisoner follow him, and went away; my father went up stairs, and came down again in five or ten minutes, it may be more or less I cannot say, I had rang the bell for him to come to tea; I never removed from my seat till I rang the bell, and nobody was in the kitchen but myself.

Q. Whether any body could be in the workshop between the time of your father and the prisoner coming out of it, and the time of your father coming down stairs again upon your ringing the bell?

S. Cope. No, Sir; when my father came down he went into the work-shop as he always does; he came out again, and said the man had stole the watch; I said, I wondered he should come out and leave the man to follow him; he said he could not bid the man go out.

Cross examination.

Q. Is not Mr. More's name over his door?

S. Cope. There is a board describing his trade, but there is not his name upon it.

Q. How is the chandler's shop situated?

S. Cope. That is at the corner of Crown-alley, Moorfields, and no body can go out of the chandler's shop to the shop where the watches are kept without coming through the kitchen, and I sat with my face to the watchmaker's shop-door; they are two different shops, two different houses, the door that goes into the watchmaker's shop is very seldom open, it is generally bolted and locked.

Prosecutor. There is a door-way cut through a party wall.

James March . When the prisoner was taken up he was taken to a public-house; there were some gentlemen there said, if he had the watch he had better deliver it again, or he would get into trouble; they asked him what countryman he was, he said from Leeds; I observed he had a watch in his pocket; he said he had it of a shop-mate the day before, and that he had it to try how it would go against Mr. More's.

Cross examination.

Q. Did he say he intended to go to Mr. More's again?

March. No, he did not.

Prisoner's defence.

I went to Mr. More's house; he wanted me to give him two guineas and a half for the watch, and he would say nothing about it.

For the prisoner.

James Edmonds . I am an accomptant, I settle accounts for merchants and trades-people; I was before the magistrate when the prisoner was charged with stealing a watch; I was with Mr. Debarty a searlet dyer, for whom I do business in Spitalfields, he was acquainted by a person sent by the prisoner, that he had been before Sir John Fielding accused with stealing a watch; Mr. Debarty desired I would go and enquire into the matter; knowing this young man's character was so fair, it was impossible he should be guilty, I went to Sir John Fielding ; he was committed on Sunday the 14th of August; I went to him in prison to desire him to confess, he declared solemnly he had not taken any; he told me the prosecutor and his wife and daughter had endeavoured to get him to give two guineas and a half to them to let him go, and his not complying with it they sent for a constable, and brought the constable into the house, and the constable had taken him into an alehouse where Mr. More and several of his friends were together drinking, and they wanted him to give him that money; he told me all this in the presence of Mr. Resback; I have known the young man ever since he worked for Mr. Debarty, which was from the 9th of May; he came from Leeds in Yorkshire, he has behaved extremely sober, honest, and diligent; he lodges with Mr. Resback; I was before Sir John Fielding on his re-examination, the prosecutor said he could not swear the prisoner had stole the watch; to the best of my recollection he mentioned it three times.

Court. He does not swear it now.

William Resback The prisoner has lodged with me ever since he came to town within two or three nights.

Q. What are you?

Resback. I am a stay-maker, and live in Norton Falgate. I was with Mr. Edmonds on the 14th of August; Mr. Edmonds said to the prosecutor, what a cruel man you must be in depriving and keeping the young man confined so long, in keeping him from sending for any of his friends; Mr. More's answer was, he thought himself not at all to blame in this matter, but more his friend, for he wanted him to pay for the watch, that his friends might not know any thing of the matter.

Q. Was this before or after the prisoner was committed?

Resback. He was committed before this conversation.

Edmonds. He refused him even pen, ink, and paper, I mean that he would not suffer him to send for his friends, on the Saturday night when he was taken into custody about five o'clock, and was kept at a public house.

Resback. Mr. More said there were several friends wanted to get him to pay for it; I was before Sir John Fielding on the second examination, on the Wednesday after; Mr. More said upon his oath he could not say he stole the watch; Mr. More owned there the young man did tell him where he lived, and that it was at an oil-shop, when he first went to cheapen the watch.

Q. Where did Mr. More say he said the oil-shop was?

Resback. He said at an oil shop in Cheapside.

Edmonds. Mr. More acknowledged the young man told him he worked with Mr. Debarty in Spitalfields.

Q. Did Mr. More mention what time it was he told him that?

Edmonds. No, he did not.

Resback. When the young man came home on the Thursday night the 11th about five o'clock, he told me he had been to Mr. More to cheapen a watch.

Q. Did he say where Mr. More lived?

Resback. He had asked me whether I had any objection to his going to Mr. More to buy a watch; I asked him how he came to know Mr. More; he said there were golden letters over the door; I said I had no objection, I did not know Mr. More.

Q. What had you to do about his buying a watch?

Resback. Because he had a great necessity to buy one; he asked me the name first; I said, I believed the name was More, his name upon a sign, but not in golden letters.

Q. When was this?

Resback. This was on the Wednesday.

Q. Do you say his name was there, or did he tell you so?

Resback. He did not tell me, I knew it was there; the prisoner was just recovered from a fever, and the apothecary and his friends desired him to take a walk out into Moorfields, and he took a walk frequently two or three times a day.

Q. What is his character?

Resback. He has a very deserving character as any man in the world, I never saw the fellow to him, he is a very diligent man; when he came in at the door he said, now I discharge you of calling me up in a morning, for I have bought a watch; I asked him if he had left any earnest for it; he said, no, but he had left word where he lodged.

John Man . I live with Mr. Debarty; I have known the prisoner ever since he worked there; I lent him a watch upon trial on the 12th of August.

Q. Had you any conversation with him of his having cheapened a watch?

Man. No; he came to me on the Saturday and told me how she went, and said he had got money, or at least a line from his father for a watch; I told him he might keep her eight or ten days, and if he liked her we should agree for her; the price I told him was 35 s. I saw him in custody the Sunday following; she was taken from him by Sir John Fielding , and delivered to Mr. More.

More. Here is your watch, (he delivered it to him.) Sir John ordered me to keep it and deliver it to the right owner.

William Debarty . I am a scarlet dyer by business, I have known the prisoner from the 9th of May; when he came to work for me I had a letter of recommendation from out of the country; he is a very sober, industrious, diligent man as I ever had in my life.

Henry Anson . I have known the prisoner's father and all his family several years, the prisoner has an extreme good character, very diligent in his business; his father is a dyer and clothier, a man of property, he came up here to improve himself; his father gave me a 3 l. 12 s. piece for him, desiring I would give it his son to buy him a watch; I told him I had 3 l. 12 s. for him, and he might call for it when he pleased; on the Wednesday Mr. Debarty and I were at Sir John Fielding 's, there I heard Mr. More say, I do not swear that this man took the watch; the prisoner was coming to me for the 3 l. 12 s. that Saturday when he was stopped.

Joseph Dennison . I am a merchant, the prisoner came up with my brother from Leeds the beginning of May last; my brother recommended him to me as a clerk, and I had an intention to take him in as a clerk, but that I understood he came up to improve himself in the dyeing business.

Joshua Ryder . I live in the Borough, and keep an upholstery warehouse; I came from Leeds, I have known him from a child, and since he has been in town he was always a very civil honest young man.

John Wilkinson . I live in Black-friars, I belong to the Custom-house, I am a Yorkshire-man, I have known him ever since he came to town, he brought a letter of recommendation to me as a very sober honest young man.

Robert Althwaite . I am a rope-maker, I have known him nine years and a half, he has the character of a very sober industrious man.

Henry Farrer . I am a distant relation, I have known him from a child; he is a very well-behaved industrious man.

Acquitted .

519 (M.) David Taylor was indicted for committing a rape on the body of Anne, wife of William Wingate , Aug. 3 . *

Anne Wingate . My husband is a smith, we live at Hyde-park-corner.

Q. How long have you been married?

A. Wingate. I have been married six years, I sell fruit , I did not know David Taylor till he came with an execution against me; I had had a little quarrel about selling fruit, my husband served a writ upon Sarah Hooper and Benjamin Campbel ; they kicked down my fruit, after that my husband dropped it; then they got an execution for the cost, and Taylor brought it, one Hart a Jew came with him, and one Smith a plaisterer, Taylor's follower; they came between eight and nine in the evening; Smith came in first for a halfpenny roll, I was ill in bed with an ague; after that I had locked the door, then Taylor came to the window, and said Mrs. Wingate, and said, how came you to say Mr. Hounslow had got an execution against your husband; I said, I did not say any such thing; then he said, come hither, my dear, and he took hold of my finger, I have an on against you, open the door; Hart got window; I was taken out to Taylor, he to prisoner, and had me to the Queen's Head Head, there they all went and drank one pot of beer; there was a coachman that Taylor, he took the coach, and I was to be to goal, but instead of that I was carried to Taylor's spunging-house; the coach stopped at one corner of Charlotte-street, Taylor was allowed the coach with me; he had behaved very rude with me in the coach, I got out when it stopped told him I would not be served so; he said, if spoke two words he would carry me to goal immediately; there he discharged the coach, and took me by the arm, pretending to go to his house in Colvill-court, near Tottenham-court road; instead of that he took me into Marybone-fields , near Dr. Whitefield's tabernacle, it was very dark, and about eleven o'clock; there he would be concerned with me, and it was against my will; I cried out, no help came, and I begged of him to let me alone, as I was very ill, and strove to the uttermost of my power against him (she proved both penetration and emission;) after this he had me home to his house, I saw no body there but the girl that let me in; my niece brought some money, and Had got some, so I was let out the next day, and as soon as I got home I went to Sir John Fielding's for a warrant.

Mary Parker . Mrs. Wingate is my aunt; they came and took her out, she desired me to come to her; I went to her the next morning, about nine, at the prisoner's house, I brought a guinea and a half; and after that I went and pawned a ring, and paid the money 1 l. 18 s. 6 d. and took her out.

The prisoner said nothing in his defence.

For the prisoner.

William Hawthorn . I am a constable, I served the warrant on the prisoner; I said to her, when she brought the warrant, God bless me, is this David Taylor ; she said, never mind it, it will be only a drunken bout.

Samuel Smith . I live in Portland-street, I was David Taylor 's assistant, the warrant was against her and her husband for a debt; we took her to the Queen's Head in Piccadilly in a coach, I went in the coach with her and Taylor, and Hart was upon the coach-box; when they got out of the coach, I went with them to Taylor's door, Mrs. Taylor let them in.

John Langsdale . I am the coachman that drove them, there were four or five in company; Smith, the woman and Taylor were in the coach, and Hart rode on the box along with me; I set them down according to agreement, at the Queen's Head, Piccadilly; I heard no complaint or crying in the coach, good, bad, nor indifferent.

Lewis Hart gave the same evidence.

Margaret Weston . I keep the Queen Charlotte's Head, they came there at near eleven at night, the woman made no complaint of ill usage; when they went away, they turned upon the right, the way to Taylor's house, which was not above two or three stones cast.

Elizabeth Francis . I was at Taylor's house at the time Wingate was there, Mrs. Taylor let her in, it was about eleven o'clock, she made no complaint of having been ill used.

Thomas Goodwin . I keep the Golden Lion, Dean-street, Soho; I went to be bail for Mr. Taylor to Sir John Fielding 's; Mrs. Wingate said to me, she did not desire to hurt him, and bid me go to try to make it up; I went over, Mr. and Mrs. Taylor said they would have nothing to do with it.

Mr. Perry. I was with Goodwin (he confirmed his account.)

Mr. Denton. I happened to be at the Blakeney's Head when this man was brought there; I was informed the woman was willing to make it up for five guineas; I went to her, and called her out, and said, will no less than five guineas do; she said, I will take no less than five guineas; said I, putting my hand to my pocket, if two guineas will do I will give it you; she said, I will take no less than five; I did this on purpose to try her; Taylor said he would not give her a farthing, and begged he might go back to Tothil-fields Bridewell till he found out the coachman; Sir John advised to print hand-bills, which was done, by which means the coachman was found.

Langsdale. I had this hand-bill delivered to me about a fortnight ago (producing one.)

Anne Newton and Richard Ashley deposed, they knew Anne Wingate , and that in their opinions she was not to be credited upon oath.

William Street. I am Park-keeper at Hyde-park, Anne Wingate is a very troublesome woman, she is such a sort of a woman that I am afraid the jury ought not to believe upon oath.

Q. Are the sheds at Hyde-park-corner your property?

Street. They are, I lett them.

Q. Have not you some pique against her on the account of your tenants and she quarrelling.

Street. I have no malice at all against her, if she would but behave quietly.

Acquitted .

511. (L.) Mary Knight , spinster , was indicted for stealing a silver watch, value 40 s. one steel watch-chain, value 1 s. and one seal, the property of John Appleton , privately from the person of the said John , July 23 . ++

John Appleton . I live in Great Bell alley in Coleman-street; on the 23d of July, about two in the morning, I was coming home from spending the evening with some friends in Lawrence-lane; when I got out at the door I found I had lost my legs pretty much, I staggered very much; when I got into Coleman-street I saw the watchman on his stand by our corner; I saw two women within about three doors of mine, the prisoner was one, and Mary Brown the other; she accosted me in this manner, Sir, I will see you home; in answer to that I said, d - n you, I am at home, I want none of your assistance; said she, but, Sir, you will fall down, let me take hold of your arm; accordingly she did, I was then within about three doors of my own; when I came to my door I had the key in my pocket, I took it out, and unlocked the door; when I had done that, I could not get from her, without coming round her; there is a balluster that faces the street-door that goes up the stairs, she propped me up against them; my wife was awake in bed up one pair of stairs, and had left the chamber-door open for my coming in; she not hearing me shut the door, imagined I was a little overtaken in liquor, and that some neighbour had come to see me home; she clapped on her petticoats to see who it was; she called, who is there; I said, I do not know, it is some d - d whore, I do not know who; the prisoner's companion, who is here an evidence, stood on the outside the door; she seeing my wife, made off immediately; my wife came down, and clapped her hand on the prisoner's shoulder, then she ran off; I then put my hand to my pocket, and said, d - n the b - h, she has got my watch; my wife said, do not go after her, you will fall down; I ran, but had not ran above five or six yards before I fell down, and hurt my hand and my nose; in the morning when I got up, I told the constable of the affair, I said there was no soul in the alley but the two women, and who they were I could not tell; I said, if you enquire of the watchman at the corner, he saw me cross the way, may be he may know the women; the constable took the prisoner on the Sunday, I knew her face again, having seen her before in this place.

Q. Are you sure you had your watch about you at the time?

Appleton. I took it out of my pocket just before I came out of the house in Lawrence-lane, it was then just two o'clock; I put it in again, and no body came near me; as I came along all was still and quiet, till I saw these two women; I did not feel when it went from me, I cannot judge at what particular moment it was taken.

Mary Brown . I was once in trouble with the prisoner at the bar; that night I was going down the Old Jewry, the prisoner turned down the same; I asked her where she lived; she said, in Tenter-alley; she asked me if I was going home; I said, yes; she said, cannot you go my way; in going a little about, we came down Coleman-street together, we saw this gentleman cross the way to Bell-alley, I believe it was then betwixt one and two o'clock, he was a little in liquor; she said, there is a gentleman, I will go after him; she went after him, and said, come, Polly, will you follow me, which I did; she took hold of him, and said, shall I go in with you; what answer he made I cannot tell, I was at a distance; he put his hand to his right-hand pocket, and unlocked the door, and went in, and she after him; I went and stood at the door; I heard the gentleman's spouse call from the top of the stairs, and say, my dear, you are in liquor I believe; I cannot say what he said in answer; in some minutes after the gentlewoman came down, and catched hold of the prisoner; she cried out, and ran away.

Appleton. I believe she cried out murder.

M. Brown. Then I ran away, I was making off towards my own house, the prisoner came after me, and said, take hold; I said, of what, I perceived it was a watch.

Q. Where did she overtake you?

M. Brown. I ran first, she overtook me a little before I came to Little Bell-alley, I refused taking it several times; at last she gave it into my hand, I told her I was frighted; she said, take it, and go off; I took it; she bid me take it home to my room, I gave it to her directly.

Q. Was there a chain to it?

M. Brown. I do not know whether there was or not, it was a large watch; she asked me where I lived; I told her at Mr. Simpkins's, in Three Tun alley; we parted, she came to me in my room at nine that morning, and asked me if I knew where to pawn or sell the watch; she had it with her then; I said, I did not know where; she said, if I did not know she did, and went away, and took the watch with her: between five and six o'clock that evening, knowing me to be low in the world, she took me with her, and left me at an acquaintance's house in Whitechapel for above three hours before ever I saw her; when she came she said, never be dead-hearted, for I will give you something to make you recompence, because I have known you a great while; she gave me 5 s. of the money, but she took some of it back again; we had some liquor, I had about 4 s. 6 d.

Q. How long have you and she known one another?

M. Brown. I have known her a great while in the streets, for five or six years.

Q. Did you see her take the watch?

M. Brown. No, I did not.

Ralph Watson . I live in Mansfield-street, Goodman's-fields, I am a pawnbroker; the prisoner at the bar came on the 23d of July, between twelve and one, and pledged this watch with me (producing a large silver watch)

Appleton. This is my watch which I lost that night, I have had it years, it was my father's before me.

Watson. My wife and I were sitting behind the counter, she asked a guinea upon it; she said it was her husband's, we let her have a guinea upon it.

Q. Did you know her before?

Watson. I might have seen her backwards and forwards in the streets before.

Q. to Brown. What did the prisoner give you that money for?

M. Brown. Because I was in distress, and I had relieved her when she has been in trouble.

Alexander Melvil . I am the constable, as soon as I had found the two prisoners they were in the Round house; the evidence passed one of my watchmen, he knowing her we took her in custody, and she gave information of Mary Knight the prisoner; when I went into her room, she asked me what I wanted, she was going out; I told her I came to prevent her journey; she said she had a watch, and had pawned it for a guinea, but did not know whose it was; she said the prosecutor should have it, if he would make it appear it was his property; I took her to my house, and sent for Mr. Appleton; when he came I told him there were two prisoners that had told me of the watch, and I believed he might have it again; upon which he said, if he had it again, he did not want to prosecute, but as it was an old family watch he did not chuse to lose it.

Prisoner's defence.

I did pick up this gentleman, and I went into the house with him; the woman tore my handkerchief and hat off, and when I got out at the door she threw them after me; I stooped to pick them up, and said to the young woman at the door, hold my hat while I put my handkerchief on; after that I put my hat on; I kicked the gentleman's watch before me, and broke the glass; I stooped and picked it up; I got a glass, and went and pawned it for a guinea; I have used that pawnbroker's house these seven years, I no more robbed the gentleman of his watch than the child unborn.

Appleton. The prisoner owned she picked my pocket of it at Mr. Melvil's the constable, and said she hoped I would forgive her, and not prosecute her, and I should have the watch again, and she would go down on her knees.

Guilty of stealing, but not privately from his person . T .

See her tried by the name of Mary Cluse, No 98, in Sir Robert Kite 's Mayoralty; and by the name of Mary Knight, No 169, in this Mayoralty.

520. (M.) William Vickers was indicted for stealing eight printed books, bound in leather, the works of Dr. Jonathan Swift , value 20 s. seven printed books, bound in leather, of Collins's Peerage of England, value 40 s. six printed books, bound in leather, intiated, the Dramatic Works of John Dryden , Esq; and three printed books, bound in leather, by Thomas Sherlock , D. D. value 10 s. the property of George Booth Tindal , Esq ; Aug. 15 . ++

George Booth Tindal , Esq; When I went out of town my books were safe, on Thursday the 28th of July; after I was gone I received a letter, informing me a man was detected in stealing my books; I came to town this day se'nnight, then I missed the books laid in the indictment, from out of my chambers (he produced a letter wrote by the prisoner, whose hand-writing he knew exceeding well; it was read, wherein he acknowledged the taking the said books, and had pledged them to three different pawnbrokers, and begs mercy, &c.

James Brooks I live in the Strand (eight volumes of Swift's works, and seven volumes of Collins's Peerage of England, produced in court, and deposed to by prosecutor;) the prisoner brought Swift's works on Saturday the 6th of August, and pledged them for half a guinea; and on Monday the 8th he brought Collins's Peerage; I questioned him how he came by them, he did not give me a satisfactory account, but after a good deal of talk he permitted me to go with him to what he called his chambers in the Temple; he with a key opened the door, I saw over the door the name Tindal; upon that I said to him, you gave me a different name than this; his answer was, that the gentleman who lived there before he had the chambers was of that name; he farther intreated me to go in and be satisfied, but I told him I was quite satisfied they were not his chambers; I went down stairs, and at the bottom of the stairs is a periwig maker's shop; I went in there, and enquired if Mr. Tindal had chambers there; the person told me he had, and that he believed he was then at Bristol; I went immediately home, and by that time the prisoner was got to my shop, I taxed him very closely with stealing the books; upon that he opened the door, and out he ran; I jumped over the counter, and ran after him, and brought him back, and had him before Sir John Fielding ; he committed him for farther examination.

Joseph Paterson . I live in Fleet-street; on the 5th of August the prisoner pledged with me three books of Dr. Sherlock's Sermons (produced in court, and deposed to by prosecutor.)

Hugh Davidson . I live in Fleet-street, the prisoner pledged with me six volumes of Dryden's works for 40 s. in the name of William Vickers ; he told me he had chambers in the Temple (produced in court, and deposed to by prosecutor.)

Prisoner's defence.

I was hired a servant; four days after that my master went into the country, I contracted several debts, I had a letter from my master that he would be in town in a little time; I was obliged to pledge these, but expected when my master came to town to get them again; I have a wife and two children.

To his character.

Angus Kennedy . I have known the prisoner between nine and ten years, I never heard nothing in regard to his character before now; he was along with me at the reduction of Belleifle and taking of Quebec; I was a serjeant of marines, I now belong to the militia, and so does he.

Guilty . T .

521. (L.) John Ryan was indicted for stealing eight pounds weight of pimento, value 5 s. the property of persons unknown, July 20 . ++

Alexander M'Cabe. I am an officer belonging to his Majesty at the water-side; I was told there were three men taking pimento at Brewer's key , there were eleven vessels with pimento there, they had passed the King's beam; I found there was a wad of hay in the bung-hole of one of them; under that lay a wrapper with pimento in it, not tied up; I went and stood at a little distance, and saw the prisoner walking backwards and forwards; when he thought no person took notice of him, he went and took it up; then I went and took him with it in his hand, he had tied it up.

John Williams . I was sitting drinking a pot of beer upon the keys, I saw two men go up, and Ryan followed them; they had a parcel, I believe it was pimento; they soon came back again, and Ryan went to that apron under the cask with pimento in it; there were six or eight pounds of it when the prisoner was taken.

Barnabas Linton . There were sixteen pounds wanting in that cask of pimento when we came to weigh it again; the parcel taken on the prisoner weighed eight pounds.

Prisoner's defence

I was a little in liquor, coming along I happened to turn about and catch hold of it; I called to the watchman, and told him it was running out at the bung-hole; immediately they came and laid hold of me.

Guilty 10 d. W .

522. (L.) Rowland Jones was indicted for stealing twenty pounds weight of snuff, value 7 s. and seventy-nine pounds weight of tobacco, value 3 s. the property of Sarah Dalton , widow , in the shop of the said Sarah , August 5 . *

Robert Rayner . I am servant to Mrs. Dalton. she keeps a shop in Aldgate-street ; on the 4th of August one of the servant-maids found a paper bag of Scotch snuff, of between two and three pounds, in a place that I was sensible was intended to be carried away; she brought it to me, then I insisted upon having all their keys to search, as all denied it; as I was searching one box, I observed the prisoner (who was one of the servants) take something out of his box; I laid hold of him, and found it was a pound of snuff, which he acknowledged he took, and said he intended to make a present of it; he owned it was my mistress's property, and begged pardon; then I sent for my mistress's brother-in-law; after which the prisoner confessed he had concealed the paper bag of snuff, with intent to take away; then he confessed he had taken snuff and tobacco.

Q. Was any thing said to him to induce him to confess?

Rayner. He was desired to tell what else he had done, which would be the only way to save himself; he confessed he had concealed a bag of tobacco in the stable; we went there and found a box and a bag, with each tobacco in them; the box weighed nine pounds, and the bag seventy-four pounds.

Prisoner's defence.

I know nothing of the affair.

Guilty 10 d. T .

523. (M) John Dupree was indicted for stealing two pair of his hose, value 5 s. the property of Thomas Yates , Aug. 9 . ++

Thomas Yates . I am a hosier in the Strand ; I being out at the time know nothing of my own knowledge, only that the stockings are my property

William Hotham . I am apprentice to Mr. Yates. The prisoner came into our shop between seven and eight in the morning on the 9th of August, and asked to see some stockings; we shewed him some, he did not like them; we went to shew him some more, and in the mean time I saw him putting two pair of silk stockings under his shirt sleeve, I saw a piece hang out; he then took and put them in his pocket; I went from behind the counter, and stood close by the shop-door; then he shewed the stockings on his legs, and desired some the colour of them; he was shewed some, he bid 6 s. 2 d. we told him we could not take it; then he asked to see some cotton knit caps, he bought one and paid for it, and was going out of the shop; I desired him to come back, he would not; I went out and called after him, he would not come back; he at last said he would come presently, then I went out to hi m; when he got to the top of the court he slipped away, and ran into another court; I called out, stop thief; he was stopped; he took out a pair of silk stockings and put them into my hand, and wanted to go about his business; said I, you must come back along with me; we took him into the shop and set him down; after he sat some time, he got up and walked to the end of the counter, and pulled out another pair of silk stockings, and wanted to lay them down upon the counter, and they were catched out of his hands; then we took him to the watch-house, (the stockings produced in court,) I know them to be my master's property.

The prisoner said nothing in his defence.

Guilty . T .

524. (M.) James King was indicted for stealing thirty-six lanthorn leaves, value 30 s. the property of Mary Spratley , widow , Aug. 21 . ++

Mary Spratley . I live in Petticoat-lane, and am an horner; the prisoner formerly did work for me, I gave him his lodging since; he went out early on Sunday the 21st of August, after which Edward Mayling brought me back some lanthorn leaves, my property; he can give a farther account.

Edward Mayling . I met the prisoner about five o'clock on that sabbath morning; there was a large balk standing out in his pocket, I saw horns in it; I took thirty-six leaves from his left-hand pocket, and delivered them to the prosecutrix, I work for her, and he went away with the others; he was afterwards taken and carried before Sir John Fielding , there he owned to the fact (the horns produced and deposed to.)

Prisoner's defence.

I found these leaves in the street almost by Harrow-alley.

Guilty 10 d. W .

525. Peter Medley was indicted, for that he feloniously, with a certain offensive weapon, called a pistol, did make an assault upon Thomas Forrester Aikenhead , the money of the said Thomas to steal , July. 4 .

The prosecutor preferred a bill before the grand jury, without the knowledge of the other evidences, and it was throwed out, and they preferred this to save their recognizance, but could give no evidence of the fact.

Acquitted .

526. (M.) William Dixon was indicted for stealing 50 guineas , the property of George Stubbs , Gent. May 31 . *

George Stubbs . I live at the end of Parliament-street, going into Palace-yard ; on the 31st of May in the morning, my maid came and told me my drawers were broke open in the parlour; upon examination I found there lay a bank note doubled up, but all my money that lay there was gone; there were a poker and a knife lying by, the knife appeared to have been battered; I cannot be certain to the exact sum, but I am sure there were 50 guineas gone, it may be 70 or 80; there were two Spanish dollars, an India bond, and some bank notes left behind; the closet-door was likewise broke open, that seemed to be wrenched open with a beef-fork, which exactly fitted the place; there lay a table or chair by the door, and 15 or 20 pieces of plate by the parlour-door, such as pepper-box, spoons, and the like. I believe they had been removed out of their place in the night, they lay in a heap together: upon this alarm I began to think where the robber could get in; I went down the kitchen stairs, all the parlour-windows seemed to be fast; I observed the back kitchen-window was open, the upper sash was down, there appeared on the inside and outside ledges the print of a foot very clear, from thence I conjectured a person might get in there; I then sent for a watchman, and told him I had been robbed, and should be glad if he could give any account of any thing he had seen that might lead to a discovery; he said to me, Lord bless me, Sir, between two and three o'clock this morning a man came out of your house to light a candle; he told him he might light two if he pleased, he is here, and will give the account himself; I had at that time no man servant; this unhappy prisoner had lived with me in the year 1761, I believe he then might be 16 or 17 years old, he left me in April 1762; I could make no discovery, till on the 2d of August, about nine at night, or rather before, all of a sudden our maid came screaming up out of the area, and said, there is a man in the small-beer vault; I immediately unbolted the street-door, there were two chairmen, I desired them to come in and assist; one stood to see that he did not get over the rails, and the other went in at the area-door; I stood at the top of the stairs, the chairman brought the prisoner up to the head of the stairs; I did not then recollect him, I asked him what business he had there, who are you, and what are you; he looked down, and said, his hat was throwed or blowed off, and he got over the rails to get it; I said, it would have looked better had you knocked at the door for your hat; he said, he was afraid of disturbing of me; I asked him what his name was; he said his name was William Manners , and that he lived at the Antigallican coffee-house, Temple-bar; I asked him how long he had been in town; he said, about a fortnight; I asked him what business he was of, I think he said a tallow-chandler, come to town to get into bread; in the noise and hurry they said, we will search his pocket, and see if he has got any weapon about him; upon searching there were found upon him two letters and a knife; he immediately said, them letters do not belong to me, they do not concern me, these letters concern one Capt. Dixon, a friend of mine, my name is Manners; I told him every thing his property should be returned him, but I had been robbed lately, therefore I should expect a good account of him before I parted with him; upon searching the place where he lay this instrument was found (producing a new tap-borer;) he was asked if it belonged to him, he denied it then; a person happened to come in, and said, Lord bless me, this is the young man that lived with you at the time of the coronation; I said to him, did you never live with me, and if he did not come from Lincoln; he said, no; I said, I believe you are the person; he was then carried to the watch-house, and the next morning before Mr. Welch; when I came there, I said to him, Will, I am very sorry to find you here on this occasion, you have very ill rewarded my kindness to you; he then acknowledged he had lived with me, and that he came from Lincoln, and his name was William Dixon , I then very well knew him; one of the letters was addressed to him by the name of Capt. Dixon, at this Antigallican coffee-house, it was a letter from one Jones; Mr. Welch asked his name; he said it was Dixon, and allowed he had gone by the name of Capt. Dixon; he seemed to be much affected, and did not care to own any thing; Mr. Welch did observe to him, there had been several robberies about the town, and if he had any accomplices he might have an opportunity of saving himself; I made no promise to him, he did confess he was the person that robbed me.

Q. What were the words Mr. Welch made use of, as near as you can recollect?

Stubbs. I think Mr. Welch very mildly said, if he had any correspondents in any other robbery he would do well to save himself, as he was a young man.

Q What did you understand was meant by that?

Stubbs. To turn evidence; the prisoner said he had none, and cried a good deal; at last he said he had been guilty of no other robbery; he was asked if he had any accomplices, or any body advised him to this; he said no body knew of it but one person; he was asked who that person was; he answered, it was Miss Jones; I know nothing of her, she was before Mr. Welch, she is a woman of the town; he was asked how he got into my house; he said he got in at a window, which I found open; he said he found one of the shutters open.

Q. Whether you did not understand the prisoner would have told you any thing of it, if Mr. Welch had not told him it was as a means to save his life?

Stubbs. I did understand at that time he expected I would not indict him capitally (which I have not;) Mr. Welch said, if he had any thing to say, no body should hear it, but he should go out of the room; he made no answer to it, but cried and said this woman had been the ruin of him.

Thomas Griffiths . I was a watchman in May last, my stand was close up to Mr. Stubbs's house; on the 31st of May, between one and two in the morning, a man came out of his house, and said, watchman, please to let me light a bit of a candle; I said, yes, two, Sir, if you please; he light it, and went into the house again, and shut the door, it was but a youngish man, his clothes were loose, I cannot rightly tell how he was dressed, by his voice and his hair I think it was the prisoner at the bar; he spoke to me five or six times, I knew him again when I saw him before the Justice, I was sure he was the same.

Q. Was his hair particular from other peoples?

Griffiths. His hair stood up, it was frizzled by the sides of his face; after that he came out of Mr. Stubbs's house again, and said, watchman, can you tell me where I can get a bit of candle, my master is taken ill, and I do not know where to find a bit of candle in the house; I said, if you will take mine you are welcome to it; he had my bit of candle, his coming without a hat I thought he was Mr. Stubbs's servant; he asked me if I would be so good as to go and light it, my candle was out then; there was a woman sold faloop just by, I went over to her, and light it; he took it, and carried it in, and shut the door after him; he said, watchman, when you come upon your stand at night I will make you drink; in the morning I heard that Mr. Stubbs had been robbed.

Prisoner's defence.

What they have swore is false.

Acquitted .

527, 528. (M.) Robert Paterson , otherwise James Wright , and James Mace , were indicted for putting Richard Bushley in corporal fear and danger of his life, on the King's highway, and robbing him of a quarter guinea and six shillings in money numbered, his property , July 8 . ++

Richard Bushley . I am the master of Coleman-street ward school ; on Friday the 8th of July I was in company with some gentlemen at the Shepherd and Shepherdess in the City Road ; coming away near twelve at night I was attacked by the two prisoners, Elizabeth Green was with me, it was between that place and Peerless Pool ; Wright presented a pistol to me, and demanded my life or my money; I desired them to use no violence; the other took a quarter guinea out of my breeches pocket, and six shillings in silver, and some half-pence out of my waistcoat pocket, I cannot say how many: during that time he asked me where was my watch; I said, I had not got it about me; he said, if I had he would not have taken it away; after they had searched my pockets they felt at my fob, then they desired me to go off quietly, and think myself well off; there were no lamps lighted, it was very light; I went on till I came to a watchman, and told him of it, and described the men, one a tall thin-faced man, with brown coloured clothes, remarkably ragged under the arm, and that he had presented a pistol; the other a short man in darkish coloured clothes, but did not see any offensive weapon about him; I told the watchman where I lived; they came to me the next morning, and told me they had taken the men by the descriptions I had given; I went and saw them both about eleven o'clock before Sir John Fielding , at first sight I knew them again perfectly.

Colin Crocket . I am a watchman in St. Luke's parish, this gentleman came and acquainted me he had been robbed in the road at about half an hour past twelve that night; he described them as he has now, I believe the prisoners have now changed coats; he told me the tall one had a large pistol; I told him I would go and call two or three more watchmen, and we would put our coats and lanthorns down, and go after them; we went up in the road after we had locked our coats and lanthorns in our stands; we went towards Islington, we saw no body; we were crossing the road, coming back a watchman said, what is that a little farther, I thought it had been a hog; I took to my heels, and ran towards it cross the fields, the two prisoners were sitting on the ground, stooping very low that we should not see them, I knew them by the description given; I seized the man that had the pistol with one hand, and pulled the pistol out of his bosom with the other, and told him I would blow his brains out if he made any resistance; another watchman came, and we secured them, and people came out of the Shepherd and Shepherdess, and we took them to the watch-house; then the tall one had the brown coat on, and the other the dark one, now they are the reverse; there was a quarter guinea, and 4 or 5 s. found upon Wright, I cannot justly say how much; as we were carrying them to the watch-house, one of them was fumbling in his pocket, we bid him keep his hands from his pocket; when we came back to the place, we looked and found some gun-powder.

James Blindal and James Allwright , who were at the taking the prisoners, gave the same account.

Francis Lawler the officer, produced a horse pistol, a piece of iron about 14 inches long (which served as a ram-rad) a clasp knife, a handkerchief, a bag, a 5 s. 3 d. piece, four shillings, two six-pences, a pocket piece, and ten-pence farthing in copper; these were found upon the prisoners; the pistol was loaded with a piece of lead beat up together.

Elizabeth Green I was with Mr. Bushley when he was robbed, I know the tall prisoner Wright, he stood before me, he had a brown ragged coat on, corn-under the arm; they took nothing from me.

Paterson's defence.

My name is Wright, I have witnesses here to my character, I was at a house at the corner of Beech lane that night from nine till half an hour past twelve.

For Paterson.

John Cassady . I keep the Angel and Porter in Golden-lane, he lodged with me about twelve weeks, he paid me honestly.

John Carnard . I keep the George, St. Mary-axe, he was my servant about three weeks, during that time he behaved very well.

John Gawthorn . I am a weaver, the prisoner did following weaving, he did work at Blackfriars bridge at times, I know no ill of him.

William Cook . I am a shoe-maker, I have known him about a year and a half, I never heard a misbehaved word of him.

Mary Conner . I have known him upwards of two years, he worked with my husband at Blackfriars bridge upwards of twelve months, I never heard any harm of him.

Mary Allen . I have known him three months, I know no ill of him.

Margaret Cook . I have known him upwards of two years, when he worked at Black-friars bridge, he would live upon bread and water a day together.

Mary Brown . I have known him a year and a half, he is a sober man, willing to labour.

Thomas Hewett . I have know him twenty months, he is a very honest hard working man; Mace worked with me three years ago, he behaved very well.

Thomas Wright . I have known Wright eleven years, he is a very honest man.

Thomas Ellison . I have known him eleven years, he always behaved well.

Mace's defence.

I have some witnesses to call.

He called Anne Davis , with whom he had lodged, Thomas Hewetsell , who lodged in the same house, Anne Daggs , who had known him four years, Edward Mallet , who had known him eight years, and said he was a ribbon weaver, Elizabeth Newel six years, and Elizabeth Walker two years, they all said they knew no ill of him.

Both Guilty . Death .

529. (M.) Edward Wood was indicted for stealing four pieces of white callico, value 3 l. 8 s. the property of Charles Napper , July 24 . ++

Richard Bowering . Mr. Charles Napper is a linen printer at Old Ford , the prisoner worked for him sixteen months ago; about six weeks ago I was alarmed by one of our men, between two and three in the morning, that a robbery had been committed; I examined 122 pieces of callico, sent in to be printed; there remained but 118, they contain about twelve yards in a piece; I went as directed to the turnpike, and told the people I had lost four pieces, marked H. E. they were sent in by Mess. Hill and Eastgate; the prisoner was there stopped, and sent to the watch-house.

Thomas Asiley . I am a collector at the turnpike; I was upon duty about two o'clock, a man passed me with a bundle on his back; about three minutes after I heard some body call, stop him, kill him, shoot him; I went and laid hold of the prisoner's collar, and brought him to the turnpike; Thomas Sparrow was running after him; he brought a parcel; we took them out, and found there were four pieces of white callico marked H. E. there was a man that worked for Mr. Napper came and saw the goods, he said they belonged to Mr. Napper.

Thomas Sparrow . About the 24th of July I saw a man crossing the road towards Bow, with something white; I went and felt it, and found it was cloth; he took the bundle and throwed it at me, and said, take it, you may be d - d, he ran away; then I called to the man at the gate, I brought the bundle there, the same which Mr. Bowering has swore to, being taken from the custody of Mr. Napper.

Prisoner's defence.

I was never near the place; I was coming home, and picked up a great bundle by the water near Bow-bridge.

For the prisoner.

Hannah Jones . I have known the prisoner a long time; I saw him take up a bundle by Bow-bridge.

Q. Which side of Bow-bridge was it?

H. Jones. I do not know.

Q. How came you there at that time?

H. Jones. I was going in the country about some business.

Q. What business?

H. Jones. I was going for my husband.

Q. Where was your husband?

H. Jones. I don't know.

Guilty . T .

530. (M.) Alexander Gordon was indicted for stealing a guinea, a half guinea, and 10 s. 6 d. in money numbered , the property of George Abbott , July 14 . ++

George Abbott . I am an out-pensioner at Chelsea College ; I was coming through the Strand with my daughter; I went in at the Coach and Horses near the New Church on the 14th of July, about nine in the evening; I called for some beer, the prisoner was sitting there drinking; he finding I had been a soldier, he being one fell into discourse with me; I treated him with some beer; during that time he took an opportunity to take my purse, there were two guineas in money in it; the purse was wrapped up in an old handkerchief in my coat pocket, having no pocket in my breeches; we parted at the door and went out together, and in a few minutes before I got to Charing-cross I missed my money, it was in my right-hand coat pocket, and the prisoner sat on my right-hand side; there was only one woman in the room, she sat opposite to my daughter on my left hand; I made great complaint of this, upon which a soldier went into the barracks and found a man drunk, who had gold and silver about him, which was the prisoner; then the boy at the Coach and Horses was sent for in order to see if that was the man that was drinking with me; the boy said it was the same man; a gentleman gave me a shilling, I went and got a warrant and took him up; there was a guinea, 8 s. 6 d. in silver, and 2 d halfpenny found in his pocket; some of the soldiers said they saw him hiding money in his barrack; they went and searched it, and found one half guinea; he was carried before a magistrate: but was so fuddled he could give no rational answer; he at first denied he had seen me, but after that he allowed he had drank with me in that house.

Prisoner. There were two women there, one he calls his daughter, but she was a common prostitute, who continually was importuning more money from him, and he went and sat by the other woman, she sung a good song, and he went and got near her.

Joseph Stevenson . On the 15th of July this poor man brought a warrant, I executed it; the prisoner was found drunk in the barrack; I searched him and found a guinea, 8 s. 6 d. in silver, and 2 d. upon him; there were two soldiers told me they saw him hiding some money in the barrack; I searched and found half a guinea in his bed; then I took him before Sir John Fielding .

Robert Bridges . The prisoner was at the Coach and Horses. I draw beer there; he sat in the box on the right-hand side going in, the old pensioner sat by him: the prisoner sat on the pensioner's right-hand side; I knew the prisoner again when I went to the barrack; there was the pensioner's daughter with him, she sat on his left-hand; there was another woman there, she sat along side the daughter a good while.

Q. Did you see the pensioner go and sit by the other woman?

Bridges. No, I did not.

Q. from prisoner. Whether you was not up and down drawing beer best part of the time?

Bridges. I stood a good while at the end of the box.

Q. from prisoner. Whether I was not in that box above an hour before the prosecutor came in?

Bridges. I don't know how long he had been before, I did not see him at all till they were all together.

Q. from prisoner. If I robbed him of all his money, how came he to pay his reckoning?

Prosecutor. My daughter paid the reckoning for me.

Q. to Bridges. Is that true?

Bridges. It is true, the pensioner was asleep good part of the te he was in liquor.

Rebekah Abbott . I am daughter to the prosecutor; I was along with my father at the Coach and Horses, I sat on his left-hand side.

Q. Who paid the reckoning?

R. Abbott: I did.

Q. How much was it?

R. Abbott. It was six pots of beer, 3 d. halfpenny a pot.

Q. Who went out of the house first?

R. Abbott. The soldier did, it was but a little while before my father.

Q. How long after was it that your father missed his money?

R. Abbott. That was about two hours and a half after.

Q. Which way did you go?

R Abbott. We went straight down the Strand; we found we could not get a place to lie, and we walked backwards and forwards all night; he did not want any money, so he did not feel for it.

Q. What money had your father about him?

R. Abbott. He had just two guineas, and I had some in my pocket; it was his pension money, he received it that same day.

Q. How much had you about you?

R. Abbott. I had about 3 s.

Q. Was your father drunk or sober?

R. Abbott. He was a little in liquor; we came to London to buy some things, we lodged at Chelsea, but we live in the country.

Prisoner's defence.

In regard to this charge, I shall in the sequel satisfy the court and gentlemen of the jury that it is an unjust charge; this man says he had the misfortune to lose his money in this manner; I am taken up on the account of being in his company over night upon suspicion; the money that was found upon me I worked very hard for in time past; I was committed money less to prison without evidence against me; but to give an account of the scope and tendency of this unjust charge, it is as follows. On the 14th of July last I went to work at a cutler's shop, I usually earn 15 d. after two o'clock; I met a woman that I had been acquainted with, I took her to the Coach and Horses and had a pint of beer; we were there above an hour before this man came in; he came in, she being singing he called for a pot of beer, and after that two or three more; he paid his reckoning, and I paid mine; there was an odd pint, I paid it; the girl says she paid for six pot, that cannot be true; he went out with me and went up the street, supported by this creature; I parted with him directly, and went to the barrack between eleven and twelve o'clock. The next morning I suppose he missed his money; the next morning I was taken up, upon suspicion of taking this money; my Lord and gentlemen, because there was some money found which was my own undoubted right and property, that I saved up, intending to get a furlough in order to carry me on my journey to my own country and friends; thus I am accused with taking it from the man: in regard to this half guinea that is mentioned, that some soldiers said I had secreted in the barrack, why have they not these witnesses here; but they have no regard to me because I am a Scotchman; it is impossible to think I should secret half a guinea, and keep the rest of my money in my pocket, this half guinea I lost. Now, my Lord, upon the whole was it probable, this man lost two guineas in a purse, and that purse in a handkerchief, and I to take it, and neither purse nor handkerchief to be found upon me; it might have dropped out of his pocket, or the woman might have taken it from him, as that girl was importuning him for money; why is not that other woman taken up and searched for the purse and handkerchief, she was in company as well as me; how is it possible I could rob him of his money, there is no proof against me, neither by oath or party, or evidence of witness; it is very hard because a man is possessed of money that is his right and property, that he should be taken up upon suspicion, when another man loses his money. The prosecutor says we both went out of the public-house together, his daughter says I went out a considerable time before him; he says he paid for my reckoning, she says she paid for six pots of beer; he says he missed his money in a short time after he parted from me, the girl says it was two hours and a half after; the boy says he was extremely drunk, the daughter says he was a little the worse for liquor, he was not drunk; they say I was shewing my money, a man has a right to flash his money; but why did they not bring these witnesses here, here is no proof produced; thus I humbly submit my case to your Lordship and the jury.

For the prisoner.

Serjeant Wilson. I belong to Colonel Nugent 's company, so does the prisoner; he always bore the character of an honest man, I never heard to the contrary.

Q. Could he be honestly worth a guinea and a half, or two guineas?

Wilson. I know at times he has saved a trifle, then he would break out and spend it.

Q. Do you ever remember seeing him have a guinea?

Wilson. I never did to my knowledge, he might be worth more.

Q. I suppose you generally know the saving men, and those that spend their money?

Wilson. We do; he would save a trifle and then break out and spend it.

Q. from prisoner. Did you not hear I lost half a guinea?

Wilson. There was half a guinea found about his bed, but he did not make a complaint of losing it till it was found.

Q. from prisoner to prosecutor. Mention the pieces of gold and silver you lost?

Prosecutor. I had a guinea, a half guinea, and the rest in silver.

Q. to R. Abbott. Can you tell what pieces there were?

R. Abbott. I know there was one half crown piece.

Prisoner. That is as false as God is true.

Guilty . T .

531. Frances Bradley , spinster , was indicted for stealing three guineas , the property of Richard Hunter , Sept. 4 .

The prosecutor did not appear.

Acquitted .

532. Sarah Beech , spinster , was indicted for stealing four guineas , the property of Richard Hunter , Sept. 4 .

The prosecutor did not appear.

Acquitted .

The recognizances were ordered to be estreated.

533. (M.) Margaret, wife of Robert Martin , was indicted for stealing a black cloth coat, value 12 s. a black cloth waistcoat, value 3 s. and 2 pair of woman's stays, value 6 s. the property of Cornelins Wardman , August 9 . ++

Mrs. Wardman. I am wife to Cornelius Wardman , we live in Clerkenwell ; I live up two pair of stairs, and the prisoner three in the same house; I was out at work on Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday; when I came home on the 11th of August, I missed the things laid in the indictment from out of a drawer; I took the prisoner up on suspicion; she owned to the taking the things, and took me and the constable to the pawnbroker's, where we found them.

Allen Macklin , a pawnbroker in Jerusalem-court, Clerkenwell, produced the goods pledged to him by the prisoner.

Prisoner's defence.

I was in necessity, my husband being in confinement, and I could not starve.

Guilty, 10 d. W .

534. (M.) Elizabeth Bowen , spinster , was indicted for stealing twenty yards of white silk blond lace, twenty-nine yards of black silk lace, ten yards of linen lace, four yards of black silk, and ten yards of ribbon , the property of Charles Laroche , Sept. 4 . ++

Charles Laroche . I keep a shop in Craig's court, Charing-cross , and sell millinery goods ; the prisoner was my servant not quite a month; we missed other goods, which gave us a suspicion of the prisoner; yesterday was se'nnight I was going up stairs, she suspected I wanted to look into her box; I followed her, her box was in a little closet on the stair-case; she unlocked it and took something out, and wrapped it up in paper, and brought it down stairs; this confirmed my suspicion; I watched her very narrowly, intending to prevent her going out at the door; while the barber was putting on my wig she went out; I ran up stairs, and soon saw her coming back; after she came in I went immediately to a green-stall, where I perceived she came from, and asked if she had been there; they said she had; I asked what she did there; I was told she had left a bundle there, they shewed it me; I found it contained sundry goods my property; I had them brought home, that I might be sure they were mine; they all answered both to length, and to the very places where they had been cut off; I had her taken up in the evening and carried to the watch-house, and the next morning before Sir John Fielding , who committed her to Newgate; the goods cost me above eight pounds.

Thomas Jennings . I live at the green-stall; the prisoner came to my stall last Sunday morning about nine o'clock, and asked me to leave a bundle, which she did; when Mr. Laroche came, he asked if she had left any thing; I said, yes, and delivered the parcel to him, (produced and deposed to.)

Prisoner's defence.

I am guilty, and beg mercy of the court.

Prosecutor. I had a very good character with her.

Guilty . T .

535. (M.) William Stuart was indicted for stealing a green baize cover for a chariot, value 10 s. the property of Robert Marley and Edward Berry , August 3 . ++

Edward Berry . Robert Marley and I are partners. On Wednesday the 3d of August, between five and six in the afternoon, Mr. Nichols knocked at my door, and told me a man was stealing a green baize cloth from the chariot, and was gone down Long-acre; I ran, we took the prisoner in Castle-street; and when we were before the magistrate, the cover was brought there by Richard Lindey , and I swore to it.

William Nicholls . On the 3d of August, between five and six in the afternoon, I saw the prisoner go into the prosecutor's shop, and take a green cover from off a chariot and put it under his arm, and come out with it and go down Long-acre; I knocked at the door and told Mr. Berry what I had seen; we ran and got sight of the man, which was the prisoner; when we got to Hanover-street I said, that is the man; the prisoner immediately said, I have stole nothing; we took him before Sir John Fielding , while we were there the cloth was brought in.

John Saunders . I work for the prosecutor, betwixt the hours of five and six that day, I was coming out of the work-shop for a pint of beer, I saw the prisoner stand by the chariot; when he saw me he made off out of the shop, he had not the cover at that time.

Richard Lindey . I found the cover concealed under a carriage in a gateway in Hanover-street; I carried it to Sir John Fielding 's, the prosecutor owned it (produced in court.)

Mr. Berry. This is a new cover, so was ours; here is a string broke, which makes it appear it was torn from the carriage.

Prisoner's defence.

I was never in the shop, and no goods were found upon me; I am a seafaring man.

Guilty . T .

536. (M.) Sarah Parle , widow , was indicted for stealing two geese, value 3 s. the property of Robert Rice , Aug. 1 . ++

Acquitted .

537. (M.) Robert Kite was indicted for stealing six black silk handkerchiefs, value 1 l. 3 s. 6 d. the property of William Mearns , July 16 . ++

William Mearns . I am a hawker, or travelling Scotchman ; on the 13th of July I was in at the Three Tuns in Wood's-close , and exposed some of my goods to sale to my landlady there; after that I went down to Gravesend, not knowing any thing was stole; I returned the 18th, then I heard of my loss; then I examined my pack, and missed six black silk handkerchiefs, all in one piece, I never got them again.

William Presburg . I was at the Three Tuns in Wood's-close; when the prosecutor opened his pack the prisoner was there, I had never seen him before; I saw him take a piece of black handkerchiefs from the pack, and dropped them on the floor under the table; I believe the prosecutor did not see him do it, I was going out of the room directly at the time, so did not take notice of it, to mention it.

John Sworth . I was at that public house at that time, I saw the prisoner take a piece of something black from under the table, and put it under him where he sat, and after that convey it into his pocket, by putting his hand through his coat; he saw me see him, he beckoned me to come towards the door: I went; he asked me if I would go with him, and see what he had got; I said, no, if he had any thing belonging to the pedlar, to go and return it to him again; he said he would; he came into the house again, I fell into conversation with the company, and soon went away, whether he returned it or not I cannot say; the next day I mentioned it to a shop-mate, and we went and let the landlady know of it, by which means the prosecutor came to the knowledge of it.

Prisoner's defence.

I was drinking in that public-house, I had a red handkerchief about my neck, and a black one in my pocket; I saw the man bring the pack in, but I took nothing, I might drop the black handkerchief, and pick it up again, but whether I did or not I cannot tell; I had been drinking all day, I had pawned a shop-mate's hat, that was the reason I asked that young man to come and drink.

He called Samuel Hawkins and John Crispin, the first had known him five-years, the other eighteen, who said they never heard that he had a bad character.

Guilty . T .

538. (M.) William Allam was indicted for ravishing and carnally knowing Elizabeth Hall , an infant aged eight years, Aug. 27 . +

Elizabeth Hall , sen. I live at Staines, I am mother to the child that has been used ill; about the 24th or 25th of August in the evening, the child complained she had a pain in her groin; I searched her, and found she had a little scratch there; the next day I saw her shift, there was a yellow matter upon it, I did not know what was the matter with her; I sent for Mrs. Purnel, she asked the child what she had been doing, that her shift was in such a condition; she answered, she had been doing nothing; Mrs. Purnel told her she was in a very bad condition, and that some man had had to do with her; the child then said, William Allam had had to do with her in the shed two days before; he was a labouring man in the yard, my husband is a coachmaker, and my brother a tanner, and his yard is by us; she said the first time was in the shed, when the peas were in blossom; I understood by the child he had had to do with her three times.

Q. How old is the child?

E. Hall. She was eight years old last March.

Elizabeth Purnel confirmed the testimony the mother had given.

William Barrel . I am a surgeon, and live at Egham; I was called upon to examine this child, on Friday the 26th of August, about noon, I found there was a very great discharge at her private parts of the venereal kind.

Q. Are you sure it was venereal?

Barrel. I am positive sure of it, I have attended her, and given her medicines ever since till she came to town, she is not yet quite well.

Q. What kind of medicines did you give her?

Barrel. Such as I generally give in venereal cases, and they have had the effect as they have in venereal cases, and the child would (I believe) have been quite well, had she been at home.

Q. Have not children sometimes runnings from these parts, occasioned by strains and other occasions, that are not venereal?

Barrel. Had the discharge been from any laceration, it would have been of a different quality.

Q. Did you examine the inside of the part?

Barrel. I did.

Q. Was there any extention of the part?

Barrel. There had been no laceration made, the internal part was affected with the disorder.

Q. Do you think it possible for a man to lie with a child of eight years old, without an extension or laceration of the part?

Barrel. No, it is not possible.

Q. Do you think a man's applying his prepuce to a girl of that age, might give her the foul disease without penetration?

Barrel. Yes, the disorder is communicable, if the two parts touch one another, the disorder may be emitted by that means.

Q. If the child had been penetrated two months ago, must not her parts have been so uneasy, it must have been discovered by the weakness of the parts?

Barrel. Yes, it would.

Q. If a child had been forced by a man, must it not be immediately found out?

Barrel. Yes, it must.

Acquitted .

He was detained to be tried for an assault, with an intent to commit a rape, &c. at Hick's-hall.

539. Luke Ludgater was indicted for stealing a tanned hide, value 40 s. the property of Joseph Berry and John Barker , June 4 . +

John Price . I am clerk to Mess. Berry and Barker, coachmakers ; one of the formen acquainted me with the loss of a tanned hide; after that, on the 19th of August, the prisoner was taken in our shop, on suspicion, by some of our men; he was taken before Sir John Fielding , who examined him, and committed him for a re-examination. On the Wednesday following we had him in at a public-house opposite Sir John's, there he declared he had taken the hide, and described the hide, and directing to whom he had sold it; after the re-examination he sent for me to come to him in New Prison, and desired to know whether he could be admitted an evidence against all the coachmakers that he had sold leather to.

Stephen Leaver . I am servant to Mess. Berry and Barker, I know there was a hide lost about May last, the exact time I cannot say, it was charged 2 l. to masters; the prisoner was taken up the 19th of August; when we were at the public-house, after he was committed for a re-examination, he told me he had taken the hide, and mentioned a hole in it, which we knew was in it, as he described.

James Arnold . I am a painter, employed by Mess. Berry and Barker's painter; in May last, I do not know the particular day, I was there at work, the prisoner came at a time Mess. Berry and Barker's people were gone to dinner, which they do about one o'clock; he continued there some time, he said he called to do business for Mr. Taylor, who is a currier, employed by Berry and Barker; I imagine he staid there near twenty minutes, I saw him go into the lost where the leather was taken from; I was called to dinner, and did not see him go away; Mr. Leaver informed me on the Monday after, that this hide was lost

Q to Leaver. Where was the hide lost from?

Leaver. From out of the lost?

Prisoner's defence

When I first went up into the lost, I went after a tobacco box that one of the journeymen had to japan for me; I called several times for it, he had not done it, I never had it since, that is a great while ago; they had me before Sir John Fielding , I said I knew nothing of what they laid to my charge; they had me over to a public house, I being in liquor cannot recollect what I did say, and they put words into my mouth; I do not recollect that ever I sent for the man to New Prison, in order to turn evide nce; at the same time they laid the hide to be lost, I was at work at Birmingham; I had not been come up from thence above seven or eight days, I have not worked for Mr. Taylor above a year and a half.

To his character.

Robert House . I am a currier, the prisoner worked with me six years ago, he behaved as most of our journeymen do, I never saw no harm of him, only drinking; I know nothing of him since.

William Stafford . I am a currier, the prisoner worked with me about seven years ago, he behaved as the rest of them do, he would fuddle; I know nothing of him since.

William Neal . I have known him some years, he has sold hides for me.

Q. What are you?

Neal. I am a citizen and a currier.

Q. Do you know of his being employed by any body besides you?

Neal. No, I do not.

Q. How often has he sold hides for you?

Neal. He has sold hides for me twice, and no more; I never heard he was guilty of any such thing as this before.

John Wood I have known him about eight or nine years, he worked for me about six years ago; I never knew no harm of him.

Guilty B

There was another indictment against him for stealing another hide, the property of Henry Smith .

540, 541 (M.) Thomas Manning and Thomas Goodwin were indicted for stealing 64 pounds weight of lead, value 10 s. the property of Charles Heath , Aug. 23 . +

Charles Heath . I am a carpenter , one of the prisoners is a plumber, the other a plumber's labourer, they were laying a flat for me at a building I was about; I happened to hear one say to the other, that piece is safe enough; I looked about, and found a piece of new sheet-lead under the stairs hid, I set George Duke to watch it; after a time it was gone unknown to him, the prisoners were still at work; by looking about, I found it in the servants hall concealed; we searched farther, and in the house-keeper's room we found where their clothes were lying, another piece of lead concealed behind some slates, we let all lie; when the prisoners went to go to dinner at one, we let them go out; after which I went and stopped them, Goodwin the plumber had a piece weighing 41 pounds, between his shirt and his waistcoat, doubled up, and a smaller piece in his coat pocket; and Manning, he had a piece concealed in the same manner; I made them carry the lead, as they had concealed it under their waistcoats, before Justice Spinnage, there it was taken out, it was all new sheet lead (produced and deposed to.)

George Duke confirmed the account given by the prosecutor.

The prisoners said nothing in their defence.

Goodwin called Thomas Reed , Mr. George Booth , Thomas Hardwick , Edward Atkins , Priest Shrub, Charles Webster , Thomas Clark , and John his brother, who gave him a very good character.

Both Guilty 10 d. W .

542. (M.) Andrew Wright was indicted for stealing a pair of silver knee-buckles, value 5 s. the property of Knutz Janson , Sep. 7 . *

Knutz Janson. My silver knee-buckles were stole from on board a ship; Dennis Vanderbuck our cook informed me the prisoner had them; he was taken at the Hamburgh Arms on Tower-hill; there he owned he had taken them, they were found in his breeches knees.

James Clark . I am the officer. On Wednesday night about ten o'clock, I was fetched to the Hamburgh Arms and charged with the prisoner; he had the buckles in his breeches knees, and owned he took them from the prosecutor, (produced and deposed to.)

Prisoner's defence.

It is all true that they say.

Guilty 10 d. W .

543. (M.) Joseph Bosgrave was indicted for stealing five two-inch deal boards, value 10 s. the property of Andrew Mow , Sept. 2 . ++

It appeared on evidence that one Robert Poplin (against whom there is a warrant granted) brought or ordered the deals to the prisoner's house in order to sell them.

The prisoner was Acquitted .

544. (M.) John Jarlet and Leonard Peter Casalor de Beaufort , were indicted for stealing 25 linen shirts, value 26 s. and eleven shifts, value 11 s. the property of Alice Bucksey , widow , July 20 . ++

Alice Bucksey . I am a washer-woman , and live in Rose-street, St. Anne's, Soho ; I lost 25 shirts and eleven shifts from out of a one pair of stairs room, as they were hanging up to dry; they were taken away in the night on the 20th of July, and my street door was found open in the morning; De Beaufort lodged at my house, I had never seen the other prisoner till the day before the robbery, when he came to speak with De Beaufort; De Beaufort lay out that night I lost my things; he came again the night after; the watchman brought thirteen shirts in the morning, about eleven o'clock; I had De Beaufort taken up when he came home; after which, I had all my things again.

Tho Peterson . I am a watchman; about 2 o'clock in the morning, on the 20th of July, I was standing at the corner of Charles-street; Jarlet came to me, I saw both his pockets quite full, the other prisoner I saw with a bundle on his left shoulder at a little distance; I knocked Jarlet down to secure him, he got away; I pursued him thro' Bloomsbury-square, and took him at the corner of Russel-street; he had thirteen shirts in his pocket, I brought him back to St. Anne's Round-house; I took the other prisoner the same evening at the prosecutrix's; I have worked for her these two years; I knew De Beaufort before by seeing him there, (the thirteen shirts produced and deposed to by prosecutrix.)

John Murphy . I live in Broad St. Giles's, I am a salesman; the two prisoners came to me, I don't know the day, between eleven and one; Jarlet shewed me two shirts, my master's agreed with them for 16 s. for them; in a week or ten days after we heard they were stolen, (produced and deposed to by prosecutrix.)

Peter Durett . I bought four shirts of De Beaufort about the 21st or 22d of July; he brought them to my lodgings, I gave him 7 s a piece for them; on the Saturday following I heard they were stolen, (produced and deposed to by prosecutrix.)

Jarlet said nothing in his defence.

Dr Beaufort's defence.

I did not know the law of England; I did not think it such a great crime, being always brought up in the military way.

Both Guilty . T .

545. (L.) James Whittaker was indicted for stealing fifty-one bunches of beads, value 3 l. six dozen and four rolls of beads, value 3 l. twelve ounces of coral beads, value 40 s. seven bead necklaces, value 40 s. 17 setts of necklaces and ear rings, and other goods, the property of William Parker , out of a boat on a navigable river, to wit, the river Thames , August 5 . +

William Parker . I am a lighterman . On the 4th of August my vessel was at Dice-key ; I had a parcel brought from Mess. Houston, Clark, and Crichton; it was a box containing (as I am informed) car-rings, necklaces, mock garnets, &c. they were stolen out of my lighter in Dice-key dock; the prisoner is my apprentice, he took them in and delivered them on board the lighter; he had been with me about four years and a half; the vessel lay aground, and we could not get her away that night; he absconded at the time.

Charles Dallass . I am clerk to Mess. Houston and Co. I delivered a parcel of beads and car-rings on board Mr. Parker's vessel on the 4th of August; the box contained beads and necklaces, Mr. Howard packed them up, I delivered them with other things into the charge of the gangsman named Thomas Green, he is the wharsinger on the key; when the captain signed the bill of lading he disputed this parcel; he is the captain of the Union for Antigua. The box had W. Crowfoot, R 154, on it.

John Howard . I deal with Mess. Houston and Co. On the 4th of August I sent a box containing beads and necklaces marked W. Crowfoot, R 154; I saw my servant pack them up; some of the goods are in court; there were various beads unmanufactured, fifty-one bunches of beads, six dozen and four rolls of beads, twelve ounces of coral beads, mock garnets, bead ear-rings, and sundry goods.

Samuel Jarrat . I took the goods from the key, and put it on board the lighter; I am a porter; I received them of a carman, with a note that came from Mr. Houston's clerk; there were nineteen parcels, all marked W. Crowfoot R, four of the boxes were 154; Thomas Green is my partner; Mr. Dallass came with them; I delivered them to the prisoner at the bar, he took them in about one o'clock; I believe the lighter lay about two hundred yards from the ship; I shipped them all on Mr. Parker's lighter myself to the prisoner, who had the care of that boat; I delivered a note to carry with them; after that he went away and left her; he lay at the swinging chain, I saw him I believe an hour there before he left her.

Q. Was that boat on the river Thames?

Jarrat. It was.

John Butterfield . I am a jeweller by business; I saw the goods at my brother-in-law's house named Holland, and I had them in my possession after that at my own house.

Q. When did you see them at your brother's?

Butterfield. That was about the 11th of August; the prisoner brought them to Duke's-place; he was gone with a Jew to get some of the coral beads out of pawn while I was there; he coming to my brother's, my brother's wife said I might buy them as well as any body else; the Jew got them out of pawn, and he was to buy the whole lump, but he would not come to my brother's-in-law; the prisoner left them all with me in Duke's-place; I gave the Jew a guinea to get the beads out of pawn; he promised to come to my house, but never came.

Q. What did you offer the prisoner for the whole of the goods?

Butterfield. He asked two guineas for them, all but seven necklaces and ear-rings.

Q. What did you offer him?

Butterfield. I offered him a guinea and a half, including those that were in the possession of the Jew.

Q. Did you not suspect they were stolen?

Butterfield. I had a suspicion they were.

Q. How came your brother and you not to stop them?

Butterfield. I did stop them the next day; I was wondering the prisoner did not come to our house; I went up to my brother-in-law, and told him I believed they were stolen, because I saw the shop marks upon them; I went to Mr. Howard's about them, thinking that was the only shop they might belong to.

Prisoner. He offered me a guinea and a half; I told him he should not have them under the other 5 s 3 d.

Butterfield. That is true:

Henry Holland . I am a watch-case-maker; the prisoner used to come to my house about twelve months ago; he brought a parcel of beads about the 11th of August, I can't say what quantity there were.

Q. Did you know he was an apprentice to a lighterman?

Holland. I did; his sister came to my house the day before, and said her brother had bought some necklaces on board a ship of an acquaintance that was just come from abroad, and he had them to dispose of.

Q. Did you ever buy any thing of him before?

Holland. No, I never did; he did not bring them to my house with intent to sell them to me, he came to my house to meet his sister, and then they were to go to sell them; I had no intention to buy them; I did not particularly examine them, I only saw them lying on the table; his sister lodged at my house twelve months before.

Prisoner's defence.

Butterfield offered me 1 l. 16 s. 9 d. not having money enough in his pocket, he went to borrow the money and was stopped.

Most of the goods produced in court and deposed to by Mr. Howard, as part of the goods packed up in the box, &c.

For the prisoner.

Lewis Gasheron a weaver, and Anne his wife, said they knew him from an infant, and he was always very honest.

Elizabeth Davis . He has been often at my house; I never heard any body say he wronged them.

William Barnes . I have known him between four and five years; I never heard any thing amiss of him.

Anne Clark . I lived fellow-servant with him at Mr. Parker's; I never saw any thing amiss of him.

Elizabeth Webb . I lived at 'Squire Smith's, a timber-merchant over the water; the prisoner came there to me four years ago, and said he had been beat by his master on suspicion of stealing a silver spoon.

Guilty 39 s. T .

546. (M.) Sarah Peal , otherwise Mares, otherwise Langley , spinster , was indicted for stealing a damask table-cloth, value 10 s. and thirteen huckaback towels, value 3 s. 6 d. the property of Anne Elliot , spinster , May 20 . +

Anne Elliot . The prisoner lived with me as a servant till about Christmas last; I missed a great deal of linen some time in May last; I found a tablecloth belonging to me at a pawnbroker's, and upon searching the prisoner's house I found some huck-aback towels there; at first the prisoner denied the table-cloth, and at last she owned she did pawn it, in order to pay a bill for me (produced and deposed to.)

On her cross examination she said the prisoner had an acquaintance a coachman, who formerly lived with her; that the prisoner never pawned any of her jewels for her use; that the linen marked E, and that with a coronet, and the letter H, were her property; that the prisoner had lived with her about two years and a half, and left her about March last.

Frances Bowes . I went to the prisoner's lodgings with Miss Elliot; there we found fifteen towels, the prisoner owned they were Miss Elliot's.

On her cross examination she said, she herself was a widow, and served Miss Elliot as a housekeeper from about the middle of last June; that she did not knew the street where the prisoner lodged, but it was somewhere in Tottenham-court-road on a ground floor; that there was a man lodged with her, which she called her husband, but she said she was not married to him; that the man began to make a noise at their coming there, but she desired him to make none and he was quiet; that Miss Elliot and John Toulson , and a clear-starcher went with her to the lodging; that upon Miss telling the prisoner she had lost aprons, she opened her drawers and shewed her all her linen she had, and that she said the things which Miss owned were brought there by another servant named Nelly, at different times; that the marks were picked out of the linen, and the linen here produced is Miss Elliot's property.

John Toulson . I went to the prisoner's lodgings with Miss Elliot, the other evidence, and a clear-starcher; we found the towels which are here produced in court.

John Priestman . I am a pawnbroker. On the 20th of May was twelve months, the prisoner pledged this with me, (producing a table-cloth,) it was during the time she was Miss Elliot's servant; she pledged it as the property of Miss Elliot.

Miss Elliot. This table-cloth is my property.

Q. Did you ever give the prisoner directions to pledge it?

Miss Elliot. No, I never did, to pledge any thing of mine.

Q. to Priestman. Where do you live?

Priestman. I live at the corner of Compton-street.

Q. As you knew the prisoner lived there, how came you to take it in?

Priestman. She made a genteel appearance, and she had pledged things before in Miss Elliot's name.

Q. Are there no other Miss Elliots besides this Miss Elliot here in court?

Priestman. I know no other.

Q. Had Miss Elliot's name ever been in your books?

Priestman. It has.

Q. How often?

Priestman. I don't know.

Q. Did she and her maid ever come together?

Priestman. No, never.

Q. Did Miss Elliot ever come by herself?

Priestman. I don't know that ever she did.

Q. Had Miss Elliot any of her goods remaining with you, at the time the maid came to pawn the table-cloth, which Miss Elliot herself had pawned?

Priestman I don't think she had.

Q. Did Miss Elliot ever come herself to your shop?

Priestman. Not as I remember.

Court. You said Miss Elliot's name was in your books.

Priestman. Miss Elliot's name never was in our books as I know of, but on the account of what this prisoner had pawned for her; there was another servant told me she came in Miss Elliot's name, but they were all redeemed before this time.

Prisoner's defence.

I frequently went to that pawnbroker; the first thing I ever pawned was my mistress's pair of buckles and rings, to the value of six guineas; I lived with her almost three years; the next thing I pawned was her diamond solitaire for ten guineas; the next was a cross and a pair of diamond ear-rings for five guineas, these were all pawned to Mr. Priestman; I have pawned them diamonds more than once or twice either; the last things that were pawned at his house were a gold necklace, some ear-rings, and a cross, for 30 guineas, about twelve months ago, since the table-cloth was pawned a great while; I pawned the tablecloth for Miss Elliot's use, as I did all the other things; she ordered me to make money of something, and I did not know of what to make it; I pawned that for a guinea, very often we had nothing better in the house, without it was linen; I cannot positively say whether I gave her the guinea whole, but she had it; she never made no odds, when I had money she had it, and when she had I had it; the thirteen huckaback towels belonged to the man I lived with, named W. Langley; I don't know how he came by that marked with the letter H and a coronet, nor that marked E 6. I had a sister lay in there, and I took care of her the time.

Q. to Priestman. Do you remember the prisoner pawning buckles and rings to you for six guineas.

Priestman. No.

Q. Do you remember her pawning a diam ond solitaire for ten guineas?

Priestman. Yes.

Q. Do you remember her pawning a cross and a pair of diamond ear-rings for five guineas?

Priestman. No, I do not.

Q. Do you remember her pawning a gold necklace, some ear-rings, and a cross, for thirty guineas, after this table-cloth was pawned?

Priestman. I do not remember she pledged them, whether they were pledged by the prisoner, or who.

For the prisoner.

Elizabeth Hanover . I am a cow-keeper, and live in Westminster; I knew the prisoner before she came to live with Miss Elliot; I knew her ten years, I have been at Miss Elliot's house; the prisoner has paid me for her 5 l. 17 s. 6 d. in one bill; I look upon her to be a good house-keeper, to be truly honest; I never heard any thing bad of her character in my life, she is a very honest sober young person; if she was discharged I would take her as a servant, and recommend her to any noble family that I have the honour to serve.

Alice Whittinall . I lived with Miss Elliot as a chair-woman; last spring was twelve-months was the last of my serving her; the prisoner lived there between two and three years, I knew her before she was servant there, I never heard any thing of her, but that she was an honest just woman, she was trusted when she lived there with all.

Eleanor Green. I live in Pall-mall, I have known the prisoner about two years and a half, she did live with my brother about seven months, but he left England to go to Gibraltar, or he would not have parted with her; she bears a general good character.

Elizabeth Elock . I have known her three months, she keeps a cook's-shop, and deals in the chandlery way; I have enquired her character, and find she bears an extreme good one.

Margaret Searle . I have known her three or four months, she keeps a cook's-shop, and is of good reputation as any woman in the neighbourhood.

Q. Is she a married woman or single?

M. Searle. I believe she is a married woman, a working man's wife.

Q. to Miss Elliot. Whether you know of any of these things being pledged the prisoner has mentioned?

Miss Elliot. I was out of town, and had occasion to draw some money from London; my servant made some excuses she could not get the money, she went and carried some things to this pawnbroker, and got thirty guineas, she sent me twenty of them down, that was the prisoner's sister; when I came home I sent for them again, as soon as I conveniently could, and lost ten guineas by it; I often threatened to stop the ten guineas, but I did not.

Acquitted .

547. (M.) Joseph Ressel was indicted for stealing two aprons, value 6 d. six linen caps, value 6 d. four linen handkerchiefs, value 6 d. and one neckcloth, value 6 d. the property of James Kirle , Aug. 1 . ++

Acquitted .

548, 549. (M.) Sarah Tine and Mary Fox , spinsters , were indicted for stealing a man's hat, value 12 d. one wig, value 1 s. a cloth coat, value 8 s. a striped linen waistcoat, value 1 s. a pair of nankeen breechees, value 2 s. the property of John Glaister , Aug. 12 . ++

John Glaister . I live in Chandler-street, Soho-square; on the 11th of August in the evening I went out to spend the evening, I had a brother come out of the country, we were going out together about eleven o'clock, we met with some brother upholsterers, and went to a public-house, and drank pretty freely till about one o'clock; going home alone I met a watchman in Gerrard-street, I invited him to drink a glass of gin; we went to the Two Blue Posts, and there drank two glasses of gin; about half an hour past one the two prisoners came in, they wanted me to go with them, and I refused it; I went out at the door, they followed me, and took me away to Banbury-street, St. Giles's , to a house up one pair of stairs; I undressed myself, they stripped me of all my clothes; then they picked a quarrel with me for not having money enough, and turned me out of doors in my shirt; I then made my way to Russel-street, and then home to my lodging; I walked a considerable way in that condition; the next morning I went again into that street, to enquire after these women; I found the watchman that I had treated at the Blue Posts, by which means I found out who the women were, and on the Sunday evening I found them in Princes-street in a public-house, the watchman was with me; when he said to them, you must go with me to the watch-house, Sarah Tine made answer, I suppose it is for a robbery, this was before we had mentioned it to them; we took them to the watch-house, and after that to Justice Welch; I never got my clothes again.

Francis Miller . I am a watchman in St. Anne's, Soho, the prosecutor came by my stand on the 12th of August last, after I had called the hour two; I saw the two prisoners standing by the Blue Post alehouse-door, opposite St. Anne's church, that is all I know.

William Squire . My stand is in Gerrard-street, I saw the prosecutor about half an hour after one that night, he came to me as I was between Gerrard-street and Princes-street; he asked me if I would drink a glass of gin; I thanked him, we went to the Two Blue Posts; by the time we had drank the gin, the clock struck two, then the two girls at the bar were standing by the door (I knew them before;) I went and cried the hour, and left him there; about ten or eleven in the forenoon I was told the prosecutor had been looking for me; he came again in the afternoon, and asked me if I knew the two girls, saying, they had robbed him; I found them the Sunday after at the King's Arms; I said to Tine, Sal, you must go along with me to the watch-house; one of them said, I suppose it is for robbing the man; I called another watchman to my assistance, they went very quietly with me.

Q. Was the prosecutor drunk or sober when you first met with him?

Squire. He was not very drunk, I drank part of three quarterns of gin with him.

Q. Was it not thirteen?

Squire. No, it was not?

Q. Will you take upon you to say it was no more than ten?

Squire. It was not ten?

Q. How many will you swear to?

Squire. I drank eight pennyworths and two half quarterns, that was the most.

Q. Was you sober, so as to form a judgment how drunk he was?

Squire. I left him there, and the two girls with him; when I left him he was as sober as near as I can guess, as he is now.

Glaister. I have another watchman to prove I went through Hanover-yard naked in my way home.

Tine's defence.

I parted with him at going out of that house, I never saw him after.

Fox's defence.

I was with him at that public-house, but I never saw him afterwards.

For the prisoner.

John Odham . I remember seeing the prosecutor lying flat on his belly naked, all but his shirt, asleep, about a quarter after three in the morning, about a month ago; I awaked him, and asked him how he came there; he could not resolve me some time, at last he looked up, and called out to his wife, Nanny, Nanny; the people said, take him away, no such person lives here, he was very drunk.

George Frankland . I lodge in a house in Banbury-street, the prosecutor was lying very drunk, a woman called and said she knew nothing of him.

Both Guilty . T .

550, 551. (M.) John Williams , otherwise Patrick Shields , and John Robinson , otherwise Thornton , were indicted for stealing 200 pounds weight of lead, value 1 l. 16 s. the property of Joseph Ayres , Sept. 2 . ++

The indictment not being laid for ripping it from the freehold, which was the case, they were both acquitted .

552 (M.) Martha Johnson , spinster , was indicted for stealing a pair of linen sheets, value 5 s. the property of George Welch , in a certain lodging-room lett by contract , &c. May 19 . ++

Acq.

553. (M.) William Richardson was indicted for stealing five shillings in halfpence , the money of Henry Hall , July 9 . +

Henry Hall. I am a victualler , the prisoner had been servant to me about a month, he was just come out of Yorkshire; on the 9th of July in the morning, when I came down I went into the bar, I found the drawer opened; the maid informed me the boy at the bar did not go to bed till the morning; I went up to him, he was asleep, I left him; he soon came down, I searched him, and found about five shillings in halfpence in a glove in his coat pocket; he owned he took them out of the drawer, and that he wrenched it open with a little chissel; I made him no promise of favour, I being a constable took him before Justice Girdler; I had a good character with him from his friends.

Prisoner's defence.

I have nothing to say, but throw myself upon the mercy of the court.

Guilty 10 d. W .

554. (M.) John Lewis was indicted for stealing a s watch, value 20 s. a steel chain, value 2 d. and a stone seal, value 1 s. the property of Ralph Colbertson , Aug. 2 . +

Bridget Colbertson . I am wife to the prosecutor, my husband is a journeyman carpenter , we live at Hoxton ; the prisoner lodged in our house a week the day the watch was lost; on the 2d of August my husband was at work, I went out, and left the watch hanging up, the prisoner was left at home; when I returned he was gone, the door was locked; I went and called my husband, he got in by taking a pane of glass out; then we found the watch was gone, we had it advertised; I saw the watch-seal and chain the next day; the prisoner said he came up with the Cambridge coach, to get a place in the Navy-office.

John Collier . I am a journeyman pawnbroker in Jermyn-street, St. James's; I took in this watch (produced in court, and deposed to) of the prisoner at the bar, on the 2d of August; he said his name was Trevor, I lent him a guinea on it; he came again the Thursday night was fortnight, he said he wanted 5 s. 3 d. more on it, or to sell it outright; I had seen the advertisement on the 3d of August, and carried the watch, so I stopped him, and he was committed.

Prisoner's defence.

I leave myself to the mercy of the court.

Guilty . T .

555. (M.) Elizabeth Sutton was indicted for stealing a copper fish-kettle, value 4 s. the property of Edward Harris , August 29 . +

Acquitted .

556. (M.) James Norris was indicted for stealing a linen handkerchief, value 10 d. the property of William Nicholson , Sept 7 . +

William Nicholson . On the 7th of September I was in Smithfield at Bartholomew-fair ; I was told my pocket was picked by the prisoner; I looked and saw him throw it out of his hand; I called, stop thief, he was taken.

James Hopton . I saw the prisoner pushing among the mob in the fair, and saw him take a handkerchief out of Mr. Nicholson's pocket and put it under his arm; I told Mr. Nicholson of it; he called, stop thief; the prisoner looked round, and fell a running, but was soon taken; I saw the handkerchief taken from the ground.

James Rowe . I heard the prisoner acknowledge he took the handkerchief.

Prisoner's defence.

I am not quite thirteen years old.

Guilty . T .

557. (L.) George Coney was indicted for stealing a cloth cloak, value 3 s. the property of Charlotte Sherrard , July 14 . ++

Acquitted .

558. (L.) Moses Spencer was indicted for stealing a wooden box, value 1 s. a cloth coat, value 10 s. a cloth waistcoat, value 5 s. a pair of breeches, value 6 s. a linen shirt, two linen shifts, and an apron , the property of Lyon Barnet , July 19 . ++

Lyon Barnet . I live in Harrow-alley, Petticoat-lane ; I went to drink a pint of beer with my dinner, when I returned my door was open, and a box with the clothes in it was missing: upon enquiring I found the prisoner was seen running with a box under his arm, all in the rain; I got a warrant from my Lord Mayor, and took him up; he acknowledged he throwed the box away in the fields, and that he had the things, and wanted to make it up; the prisoner is a Jew, so am I.

Prisoner. That man has been tried for his life not above five years ago in this court.

John Davis . I am a Jew, a shoemaker; on the 19th of July I was at work in my stall in Wingfield-street, I saw the prisoner come running along with a box in his arms, within 200 yards of Barnet's house, about three quarters of an hour after I saw Barnet running; he said he had been robbed of a box, describing such a one as the prisoner had.

Rebecca his wife deposed to the same effect.

Elizabeth Baker , who lives in the same street, deposed the same.

Daniel Peacock . I live in Catherine-wheel-alley, Whitechapel; I lent the prisoner a guinea and a half on a waistcoat, a pair of breeches, a shirt, two shifts, and an apron, on the 19th of July, between one and two o'clock.

Prisoner's defence.

That same morning the prosecutor and some others met me in Duke's-place, we played at all-fours for a shilling a game, I lost to the amount of fourteen shillings; my wife had lain in but a fortnight, I went and borrowed of her sister half a guinea, thinking to win my money back, I lost all that; then I said I was ruined; he said he only got so much a game, he did not win my money; he being short of money lent me these clothes to make money of; after that I found he was bribed by people to make a robbery of it.

Guilty . T .

559. (L) Charles Morgan was indicted for stealing a mahogany tea-chest, value 2 s. two tin cannisters, value 6 d. three silver tea-spoons, and one pair of silver tea-tongs , the property of Luke Adlington , Aug. 24 . ++

Luke Adlington . I am a cook , and live in Shoe-lane ; on the 24th of August at night we missed a tea-chest, with the spoons and tongs in it. as in the indictment; I cannot take upon me to say the prisoner was in my house that day, as many people come to dine daily.

Mark Marks . The prisoner was selling these teaspoons to Abraham Solomon , a Jew. I got a constable, and secured the prisoner, and asked him how he came by them; he said they were his uncle's property; there were three tea spoons and a pair of tongs (produced in court)

Adlington. These are my property, they were in the tea-chest when it was taken away.

Marks. The prisoner owned he went into a cook's-shop in Shoe-lane, and took them away; I went to the prosecutor's house, his wife told me she had lost a tea-chest and these things the night before.

Prisoner's defence

I was very much in liquor, but do not remember any thing of it.

Guilty 10 d. T .

560. (L.) Mary, wife of Benjamin Smith , was indicted for stealing a silver watch, value 39 s. the property of Michael Lesire , June 10 . +

Michael Lesire . I am a watchmaker , I have known the prisoner twelve years, I have had dealings with her husband some years ago, but not lately; she called as a visitor on the 10th of June, she said she was in great distress, and had eat nothing that day; I gave her some victuals and strong beer; I took a watch out of my pocket, and hung it on my work-board; she went out of the room, I missed the watch, I pursued, but missed of her; I heard nothing of her till the 28th of July, I took and carried her before Sir John Fielding ; she owned she had sold the watch, I never had it again.

William Edwards . I have known the prisoner about fourteen years, she offered the watch to me to sell for two guineas and a half; I gave her forty six shillings for it, and sold it again for fifty-eight, the maker's name James Hendon , No 4268.

Lesire. The watch I lost had that name and number.

Prisoner's defence.

I was in great distress, my husband was gone from me, my fortune was 1500 l.

Lesire. She and her husband kept a very reputable house in the Strand once.

Guilty. Recommended . B .

561, 562. (L.) Anne Saunders and Margaret Williams , spinsters , were indicted for stealing two guineas , the property of John Pearson , Aug. 13 . +

John Pearson . I am a mariner ; on the 13th of August, between nine and ten at night, I saw these two prisoners standing at an alley; they asked me to give them a glass of wine, and said, they were very cold; I carried them to the Golden Lion in the Old-Bailey , and gave them a pint of red port, we were together about half an hour; I missed two guineas, I did not feel their fingers in my fob; I charged Anne Saunders with it before I left the room; they both denied it; I called the master, and sent for a constable; they were searched, and one guinea was found upon Saunders, and one upon Williams; Saunders was near my pocket, the other was not; I had been drinking, but was not fuddled; I cannot swear to the money; when I paid my reckoning I had the two guineas and a half in my pocket.

John Beckley . On the 13th of August I was sent for to the Golden Lion to take charge of Anne Saunders , for robbing the gentleman of two guineas; Anne Saunders said she had no money, only a few halfpence in her pocket; I searched her, and found six-pence halfpenny; then I searched farther, and in the shoe of her right foot I found a guinea; the other prisoner declared she had no money, taking off her cap a guinea fell out of her hair.

The prisoners in their defence said, the prosecutor picked them up, and made each a present of a guinea, and after he had his will of Saunders he wanted his money again.

Saunders Guilty . T .

Williams. Acquitted .

563. (M.) Mary Hendon , spinster , was indicted for stealing a linen gown, value 5 s. two cotton laces tagged, value 1 d. one cotton handkerchief, value 6 d. and one 5 s. 3 d. the property of John Scrivener , July 16 . ++

Elizabeth Scrivener . I am wife to John Scrivener , the prisoner lodged with me, we drank tea together; on the 16th of July I went out, and left her about twenty minutes; when I returned she and the things were gone, I never found them again; I took her up the next night at the Golden Horse-shoe, Tyburn-road; I asked her where my things were; she d - d me for a b - h, and said, I might ask her a - e, and said, I went out on nights, and got my living as she did.

Allen Farrington . I found these two laces upon the prisoner (produced in court.)

E. Scrivener. Those two laces are my property, they were tied in my gown when I put it up.

Prisoner's defence.

I know nothing at all of it, I gave a halfpenny for them two laces, I dare say she never saw them laces in this world.

Acquitted .

564, 565. (M.) John Barnard and Catherine Bedford , spinster , were indicted for stealing a pair of leather breeches, value 5 s. a pair of stays, value 2 s. a cloth waistcoat, a cheque apron, three handkerchiefs, a stuff petticoat, a stuff gown, a shirt, a neckcloth, a pair of cotton hose, a pair of thread hose, a pair of stuff pumps, a pair of womens shift sleeves , the property of Richard Ball , Aug. 23 . ++

Richard Ball . I am a flax-dresser , and live in Whitechapel-road ; I lost the things mentioned in the indictment out of my lodging three weeks ago last Tuesday; my room door was broke open when I was out.

Mary Ball . I am wife to the prosecutor; I had been out to work that day; when I came home between four and five in the afternoon, I foun d my room door broke open, and the things taken out of a box and trunk.

Anne Griffiths . I am the landlady of the house; I had been out that day three quarters of an hour; coming back again I met my husband; he said the house is robbed; I went home, and up stairs I found Mr. Ball's door broke open; I made the best of my way towards Stepney, I met Catherine Bedford in the first field; I passed her; after that I met a gentleman; I asked him if he saw a boy with a parcel; he said they have just been parting things in that field, which they had in a sack; I went back to Catherine Bedford and said, if you have any thing belonging to me, give them me; a gentleman came to assist me; I took from her a pair of stuff pumps, a pair of lawn sleeves, two linen handkerchiefs, a silk one, a white necklace, two ribbons; I held her till Richard Ball came, and he owned the things; she said a button-maker gave her them.

John Prescott . I am a constable; going along Cable-street the boy at the bar and another were selling things in the day-time; we watched them out of Wellclose-square into Whitechapel; then I laid hold of the boy; he had a bag with these things in it, a pair of buckskin breeches, two pair of stockings, a pair of stays, a cloth waistcoat, a coloured apron, a white handkerchief, a stuff quilted petticoat, a stuff gown, a lawn apron, a shirt, a neckcloth, a pair of thread stockings, and a pair of cotton stockings; the other boy with this boy was cleared before the Justice, (the things produced and deposed to.)

Barnet's defence.

I know nothing at all of it; I saw the things lying in the fields, and I took them up to see what they were.

Bedford's defence.

As I was walking along the fields I saw a couple of boys, one of them had a great bag on his shoulder; they dropped these things, I went and picked them up; the woman came and passed me, a man said something to her; then she turned back and asked me what I had in my pocket; I shewed her what I had; they asked me about two boys; I told them as well as I could.

A. Griffiths. The boy at the bar is a button-maker.

Both Guilty . T .

566. (M.) Anne Shaw , widow , was indicted for stealing a silver watch, value 40 s. the property of Edward Morris , July 30 . ++

Edward Morris . I live at a chandler's shop in -

Q. Do you know where you are now?

Morris. Yes, I believe I do, tho' I never was here in my life before.

Anne Stevens . The prisoner came into my house the second of August; she asked me to go and get a guinea upon a watch for her, she said it was her her husband's; I pawned it for her in Denmark-street.

Q. to prosecutor. Give an account of what you come here about?

Morris. I was going out of Oxford to Tyburn-road , you may call it so if you please; I was coming down a street into Soho-square by a house that is rebuilding; there came a man and jostled me on my left side; I said, what do you mean by jostling me; there came another on my right side and knocked me down, and took 7 s. and 6 d. halfpenny out of my waistcoat pocket, and my watch out of my fob; I did not see him that knocked me down.

Q. What time was this?

Morris. This was about nine at night, or a quarter after, I can't tell to a minute, on the 30th of July.

Q. Did you see a woman there?

Morris. No, I did not to my knowledge, not till after I came to myself again; then I saw several men and women; I was bruised so that I could not feel any thing at all, nor could I cry out.

Q. Was you sober?

Morris. I had had a pennyworth of bread and cheese and two pints of beer, and an acquaintance had part of it.

Q. Now can you tell where you live?

Morris. I live in Charles-street, Soho, near Brownlow-street.

Q. When did you first see the prisoner?

Morris. I never saw her till after she was taken up.

- Jays. I am a pawnbroker; this watch was pawned to me by the prisoner for a guinea on the 2d of August, (produced in court and deposed to by prosecutor.)

Prisoner's defence.

I saw the watch and an old hat lying in Hanover-square, I took it up; I get my bread by chairing.

Q. to prosecutor. Did you lose your hat that time?

Prosecutor. No, I did not.

Acquitted .

567. (M.) Matthias Harding was indicted for stealing two pair of mens shoes, value 3 s. and one pair of mens pumps, value 12 d. the property of Samuel Randall , Sept. 1 . ++

Samuel Randall . I am a shoe-maker and leather-cutter , I live in the Strand; the prisoner portered for me almost two years. On the 1st of this month I sent him with a parcel of goods to a customer in Glass-house-street; he afterwards went with other goods to Cockspur-street; the other evidences will give a farther account.

Elizabeth Jobins . I live in Round-court in the Strand. On the 1st of this month I heard a man say to my girl, take care of these shoes till I call for them; she brought in two pair of shoes and a pair of pumps, they did not appear to be finished; I bid the girl put them by, she did; I went to the door, there was the prisoner with some sole leather in a bag; I said, am I to take care of these shoes till you call for them; he said, yes.

Q. Did you know him before?

E. Jobins. No, I never saw him before to my knowledge.

Q. What are you?

E. Jobins. I keep a public-house; I asked him what he was going to do with the shoes; he said he was going to carry them as far as Tottenham; I said it is very odd a master shoe-maker should send such shoes out of his shop in such a condition; he called for a glass of gin and went away; I suspected they were stole, so went to the next shoemaker's shop, and there I was directed to the prosecutor.

Anne Hodges . The prisoner delivered the shoes to me at my mistress's door, he took them out of a sack, (the shoes and pumps produced in court.)

Prosecutor. These are my property, they never were sold; they are rough as they came out of the workman's hands not finished.

Prisoner's defence.

I am innocent of the affair, I know nothing about the shoes; I did not leave them there, I never was at that woman's house in my life; I have ported for Mr. Randall two years.

Guilty . T .

568. (L.) Thomas Meliori was indicted for stealing a linen handkerchief, value 6 s. the property of John Boyd , August 27 . +

John Boyd . Last Saturday was se'nnight I was in Bartholomew-fair ; I lost my handkerchief out of my pocket, and I saw Mr. Paine take it out of the prisoner's pocket.

William Paine . I went to Bartholomew-fair, thinking I should catch some of these chaps; I knew the prisoner before; about four in the afternoon after the fair was proclaimed, I saw the prisoner with another that had been tried here before, going from one pocket to another; at last the other boy got sight of me and made off; the prisoner did not observe me; the prosecutor was gaping at one of the merry andrews; I saw the prisoner take his handkerchief out of his pocket, and put it in his own; I told the prosecutor of it, and took it out of the prisoner's pocket; the prisoner jumped out of a balcony fifteen feet high; I expected to have found him dead on the stones, but he ran away; I came after him as fast as I could, and overtook him at the corner of Hosier-lane and secured him.

The prisoner said nothing in his defence.

To his character.

John Penticross . I am a founder and brasier in Cow-cross; the prisoner worked journey-work with me; he has a very good character in the neighbourhood; I have known him no longer than five or six weeks ago, when he came to work with me.

John Clark . I have known the prisoner thirteen years; he is a very honest lad.

Guilty 2 d. T .

The prisoner was tried two or three Sessions ago by another name, for a crime of the same nature.

569. (L.) Hannah Smith , spinster , was indicted for stealing four guineas, ten half guineas, two 18 s. pieces, seven 13 s. 6 d. pieces, eight 9 s. pieces, five 6 s. 9 d. pieces, one quarter guinea, two 4 s. 6 d. pieces, and 4 s. 6 d. in money numbered, the property of John Harris , privately in the dwelling-house of the said John , Aug. 29 . ++

John Harris . I keep a public-house in Turnagain-lane , the prisoner was my servant from Monday the 15th of August, and she was taken into custody for stealing this money on the 30th; I missed it at two different times, the first was the 23d; I sometimes go to bed before my wife, and sometimes she does before me; on the 23d I went to bed, and in the morning I missed about 10 l. out of my breeches pocket, I have only laid the money in the indictment that was found again; (mentioning them as in the indictment) I could get no account from any of my family which way it was gone; on the 30th I missed more, then I believe I lost 13 or 14 l. I speak rather under than over, both times such sort of money as in the indictment; the first time I left my breeches on the floor, the second time I put them between the pillow and bolster, and the next morning I found them behind the board next to the head-cloth; I came down stairs, and asked my wife if she had taken any money out of my breeches-pocket for change; she said, no; I had not told her what I missed before; I told her the last time I believed I missed 25 or 26 l. I went up and examined all about, but found nothing; I concluded it was by some body in the house, the man lay in the garret; my wife said he went to bed when she did, and he had not been up stairs before he went to bed; she recollected that the prisoner went up stairs once after I was in bed; I got a constable, and called her aside into the dining-room, and said, here is a most terrible affair happened last night, and likewise that day week before, I have been robbed; robbed, said she, of what; I said, of a good deal of money, God knows whether you are guilty, if you are innocent I shall be sorry to charge you with it; she said, as to me I have no money, but a 5 s. 3 d. and some halfpence, which I had from the last place I was in; I said, I suppose you have no objection of being searched, you and your box; said she, I will go up stairs, and you shall search me to my shift; I said, that is not decent for me, my wife shall go with you; she said, with all my heart; I called my wife, and said, go up with her, and see if she has any thing about her; my wife refused going; then I sent for a neighbour, she came; I said to the prisoner, Hannah, there will be no indecency in my seeing what you have in your pocket; she said, no; she took off one pocket, and emptied it out, she did not seem inclinable to take off the other; immediately she took out what she had in her pocket, and held it in her hand, and turned her pocket out, she was for returning her hand to her pocket again; I said, put that down on the table which you have in your hand; she did, there were a 5 s. 3 d. some half-pence, and a 9 s. piece; I said, you told me you had only a 5 s. 3 d. and some halfpence; this 9 s. piece gives me a deal of reason for suspicion, tell me where my money is, that I may have it again, and you may meet with more favour; if it should be found upon you, you shall go about your business; she said she had not got it; I said, how did you come by the 9 s. piece; she hesitated a little, and then said she received it for wages at her last place; I asked her where was the last place she lived at; she hesitated, and said, she did not know; then she said, I forgot myself, I remember I was out before I came to you to buy me some things, and there I had this 9 s. piece in change; she had no sooner said that, but she said I was out on a Sunday at Mr. Dickey's, and he gave me change for half a guinea, and in that he gave me this 9 s. piece, that was where I had her character from; I said, you tell so many various stories, I believe you are the person that has my money; she still persisted in it that she knew nothing of the matter; the gentlewoman being by, I said, go up stairs, and let them see what you have about you; they were gone up about twenty minutes; I went up, I said, have you found any more; they said, no; I heard her making a good many protestations, saying, I have not got it, I have not got it; I said, no, not about you, but you know where it is; while I was thus talking, my son called me down, I went down, there the constable said, here is your money, I have found it in the copper-hole in the yard; I took the money of him, and went up stairs, and said to the prisoner, here, do you know this, holding it up to her; said she, I am glad you have found it, I am glad you have found it; said I, do you know any thing of the taking it, it was wrapped in a coarse cloth; yes, said she, I do; I said, did you take it from me last night; she said, yes, I did; I said, did you take any money from me this day week at night; yes, she said, I did; upon that I said, I do not know what quantity of money you did take, but upon opening the cloth I said, that was like this; she said, I told the money the first time, which was 9 l. 13 s. 6 d. and what I took last night I do not know, for I did not tell it; she said, there is half a guinea among it that is mine, and all the silver, and a 6 s. 9 d. piece, but the 9 s. piece I had in my pocket, Sir, is yours. I talked to her a good deal, I asked her how she could think of committing a thing of that kind, not only a first, but a second time; she said she did not know, but hoped I would forgive her, and let her go about her business; she having been out on the Sunday, I asked her if she made away with any of my money then; she said, no, she had not, there was all my money; she went down on her knees, and asked forgiveness; I said, no, if the law will forgive you I will.

Q. How much money was there of it when you told it out?

Harris. There was 23 l. 4 s. 8 1/4 d. that was the whole, with the money she demanded; I put it all together, and took her before the Alderman, there she confessed the same, and told the Alderman the half guinea and silver were her own; then the Alderman said, give it her, which I did; then she said a 6 s. 9 d. was hers; the Alderman said, you go on, but I will grant you no more.

Q. What were the pieces?

Harris. There were four guineas, ten half guineas, two 18 s. pieces, seven 13 s. 6 d. pieces, eight 9 s. pieces, five 6 s. 9 d. pieces, one 5 s. 3 d. two 4 s. 6 d. pieces, four shillings and four-pence three farthings. I should be glad if she could meet with mercy.

Edward Thorp . I am the constable, Mr. Harris sent for me; he called the prisoner in, and told her he had been robbed two separate times of so much money; she said she knew nothing of it, she said she had so much money in her pocket, and when she turned out her pocket there was a 9 s. piece more than she said; then she said she had it in change: Mr. Harris taxed her closer and closer, she would own nothing about it; then he sent the woman up to search her: while they were up stairs I searched about, and found the money in the copper-hole in the yard, done up in this rag (producing one;) then I came in, and ordered the prosecutor to be called down; I held it to him, and said, here is your money, I found it in the copper-hole; we went up to the prisoner, I said I have found the money; she cried, and said, then I am ruined for ever; I said to Mr. Harris, what money have you been robbed of in all; he said, I believe of 24 or 25 l. before the money was told our I put it out on the table, there was 23 l. 4 s. some half-pence, and a farthing; then we went before the Alderman, and he committed her to Newgate; before the Alderman she said she stole all the money from her master, she claimed all the silver, and half a guinea, and after that she claimed a 6 s. 9 d. piece more, but the Alderman would not allow her that.

Prisoner's defence.

I never wronged my master of a farthing, I am quite innocent of the affair, I was frightened, and bothered, and did not know what I said.

For the prisoner.

Patrick Vaughan . I have known her a little before last Whitsuntide was twelve months; she always was very sober and honest for whatever I could hear.

Guilty . Death .

570. (M.) Francis Bush and Cornelius Slavin were indicted, the first for stealing two silver salvers, value 10 l. six silver table spoons, value 4 l. two silver marrow spoons, value 10 s. ten silver soup-spoons, value 3 l. one silver punch-ladle bowl, value 5 s. one pair of Pinchbeck metal buckles, value 5 s. and two silk handkerchiefs, the property of Jeremiah Morgan , Esq ; in the dwelling house of the said Jeremiah ; and the other for receiving the place well knowing it to have been stolen , July 31 . ++

Jeremiah Morgan , Esq; I live in Benton-street near Cavendish square . On Monday the 1st of August my servant came up to my bed-chamber, and told me my house was robbed; I immediately got out of bed and went down stairs; I missed these articles mentioned in the indictment, all but the handkerchiefs and buckies; the spoons had my crest upon them, the other silver had my arms on them without my crest; they were taken from the side-board in the parlour; I immediately asked my servant how I could be robbed; she said she believed I was robbed about four in the afternoon, the day before; I believe the thief came over your garder-wall, and in at the dining room window; said I, what makes you think they came there; said she, the glass that was against the window I found on the floor; I said, where was I then; said she, you was then walking in the garden, but she said she then thought it was a dog came in; I took out a warrant on suspicion, and had her to Tothil-fields Bridewell; upon putting on my shoes I missed my buckles; I recollected I had put my buckles on the side-board on the Saturday night; when she gave up the charge of the linen, there were two handkerchiefs missing; I was soon told the thieves were found out, which to the best of my memory were brought before the Justice that day, that is Bush and Crookhall the evidence; there they both confessed the robbery, and mentioned the other prisoner as the receiver of the plate.

Court. Give an account what Bush said.

Morgan. When Bush had told of the robbery we did say he should be admitted evidence, but as the other boy sold the plate to the receiver, it was judged best to admit him.

Q. When did you first see Slavin?

Morgan. I never saw him till before the Justice.

Thomas Crookhall . I was along with Bush at the time this house was robbed; there were only he and I, it was on the 31st of July on a Sunday, about four in the afternoon; I sent Bush to Capt. Morgan's to ask if he wanted a servant (that was to see whether he was at home,) there was a person did live servant there, that had a brother that used to go out a thieving, and he told me the way to get into the house.

Q. How long had Bush and you been acquainted before you robbed this house?

Crookhall. I ran away from my father and mother, and he ran away from his master; we had been together about three days before we did this; I told him of this place, and sent him to knock at the fore door: the maid looked out at a two pair of stairs window, and told him the Captain was gone out, and would not be at home till night, and he might call again in the morning about nine; we went round to the back of the house, and over two walls; I lifted up a little window, there was a glass stood against it; I took hold of that, fearing it should make a noise and disturb the people, and laid it down, and got in at the window; Bush was leaning over the wall belonging to Capt. Morgan's house; I got into a room, it was a sort of a kitchen where dirty linen lay; then I went up into a one pair of stairs room and opened the parlour door, and took out two waiters, six tablespoons, two marrow-spoons, a head of a punch-ladle, and a large soup-spoon; out of the next room I took a pair of metal buckles, coming down stairs I took two silk handkerchiefs; I came out and wrapped the two waiters in them, and handed them over the wall to Bush, and the other things: then we went to Slavin's house in Rosemary-lane; I sold the two waiters to him for two guineas, and the spoons for two guineas and 5 s. 3 d. I sold the buckles to a man the Monday following for 18 d. near Temple-bar; one of the handkerchiefs I kept myself, that I lost, and the other Bush had, that he gave away.

Q. How much of the money had Bush?

Crookhall. I gave him a guinea, he did not require any more.

Q. How came you to go to Slavin's?

Crookhall. I had been at his house before.

Q. What is he?

Crookhall. He is a shoe-maker, and keeps a sort of a shop, and sells handkerchiefs; I sold all the plate to him.

Q. What time did you get to his house?

Crookhall. We got to his house about six o'clock.

Q. Where did you go after you had been there?

Crookhall. When we came from his house we went to the Brown Bear (that is not far from his house,) then it was quite dark; I staid a good while at Slavin's, because he had not the money in his house.

Q. How old are you?

Crookhall. I am turned of seventeen years of age.

Prosecutor. There was about thirty ounces of the plate; the spoons were all table-spoons, only the handles of two of them were for marrow.

Elizabeth Bunn . I was servant to Mr. Morgan; I missed the plate on that Monday morning; on the Sunday I went up to make my bed, there was a lad knocked at the door and asked if Mr. Morgan, wanted a servant; I told him it was not a proper day, but bid him come on the Monday at nine o'clock.

Q. Where was your master at that time?

E. Bunn. My master was at that time gone into the country; I told him my master was out; when the boy came into Bridewell where I was confined, I knew him again; I asked him whether he was not the boy that came and knocked at the door, and asked if Mr. Morgan wanted a servant; he said he was; then I went to the keeper and told him, and he sent for the boy, and the boy confessed that Crookhall was with him; then they went and took him.

Q. What plate was missing?

E. Bunn. There were two salvers, eight spoons, a soup-ladle, and the head of a punch-ladle; I believe my master's buckles were in the other room upon the table; the two handkerchiefs were in my master's dressing-room even with the kitchen.

Cross examination.

Q. Where was you when the boy knocked at the door?

E. Bunn. I was up in a two pair of stairs room.

Q. What time of the day was it?

E. Bunn. I believe it might be about four o'clock.

Q. Was you certain to the boy when you saw him in Bridewell?

E. Bunn. I would not then be positive to him, but I believed him to be the same.

Q. What did the boy say?

E. Bunn. He said if I would not hurt him he would confess the truth.

Q. What answer did you make him?

E. Bunn. I said I should not hurt him; then the keeper sent for him up.

Q. What did the keeper say to him?

E. Bunn. I did not hear what he said.

Q. How long did you continue in that two pair of stairs room after the boy spoke to you?

E. Bunn. After that I sat in that room some time.

Q. Did you hear any noise?

E. Bunn. No, I did not; when I saw the sash open, and there were dirt in the window, I thought the dog had jumped in.

Q. What time did you observe that?

E. Bunn. I believe I observed that about eight at night.

Q. Where did the linen lie?

E. Bunn. That lay in the kitchen on the dresser, but I believe the handkerchiefs were left in the dressing-room, they were soul handkerchiefs.

Alexander Glass . I live near Temple-bar; I bought this pair of buckles of Crookhall about six weeks ago, (producing a pair of Pinchbeck shoe-buckles.)

Prosecutor. I believe these to be my buckles.

Q. to Glass. What did you give for them?

Glass. I gave 18 d. for them; two or three days after a person came with Crookhall, and asked for the buckles I bought of him; I delivered them up, and went with them to the Justice's.

Henry Wright . I belong to Tothil-fields Bridewell; I apprehended Slavin on Wednesday morning the 10th of August, in his own house; Crook-hall went with us to shew us where he lived; I told him I had a warrant against him; we took him to Tothil-fields Bridewell, and then to Justice Wright; the Justice granted a warrant to search his house, we found nothing there.

Q. Did you hear Crookhall say any thing to him?

Wright. Crookhall told him he bought the plate of him that very night of the robbery about six o'clock.

Q. What did Slavin say to that?

Wright. He said he knew nothing at all of him, he always said he knew nothing of the boy; Bush said he went with Crookhall to Rag-fair and staid there, but was not with him when he sold the plate.

Q. to Crookhall. What conversation passed between you and Slavin when you sold the plate?

Crookhall. I told him I was very hungry when I went in; he brought some cold breast of mutton, and I eat a great deal of it.

Q. Who was in the house at the time?

Crookhall. There were two men there; one of them took the plate, and they went backwards and looked at it; he gave me 18 d. in brandy mixed with a little water, which he sent out for to the next door but one; he was to sell me a watch for part of the money; he advised me to break out of prison when I was there, and come to his house.

Q. When was he taken up?

Crookhall. He was taken up the day after I was; then he asked me why I did not run away when I was taken.

Q. Which side of Rosemary-lane is Slavin's house on?

Crookhall. His house is on the right-hand side going from Tower-hill.

Q. What is the sign where you had the brandy?

Crookhall. I think it is the sign of the Black Horse.

Q. Who fetched it?

Crookhall. He went himself, and a girl brought it.

Q. How big is she?

Crookhall. Much about my own size; that house is over-right the sign of a man on horseback, where is wrote on it Cornfoot.

Richard Cotterill . I keep the Carlisle alehouse in Rosemary-lane, about three doors from Slavin's house; I saw Crookhall in Tothil-fields Bridewell, I serve Slavin's house.

Q. Did you serve any liquor to that house on Sunday the 31st of July?

Cotterill. I cannot tell particularly.

Q. Do you recollect serving him with some brandy?

Cotterill. Very likely one of my servants might take some there.

Q. How many servant maids had you on the 31st of July?

Cotterill. I had two.

Q. Does Slavin have large quantities of liquor at a time?

Cotterill. Not above a quartern at a time.

Q. to Crookhall. Describe the maid that brought the liquor that day.

Crookhall. She was a thick set kind of a girl with blackish hair.

Q. to Cotterill. Have you such a kind of a girl lives with you?

Cotterill. I have, her name is Nanny. (She is sent for, the court waits her coming.)

Anne Bailey . I have lived servant with Mr. Cotterill about seven months.

Q. Was you in his service the latter end of July?

A. Bailey. I was.

Q. Do you know the prisoner Slavin?

A. Bailey. I do.

Q. Where does his family have their liquor?

A. Bailey. What liquor they have, they have from our house, they don't use a great deal.

Q. What sort of spirituous liquor do they generally use?

A. Bailey. They generally have gin.

Q. How much at a time?

A. Bailey. A quartern, or half a quartern at a time.

Q. Do you know this boy, (meaning Crookhall.)

A. Bailey. I never saw him to my knowledge.

Q. Did you carry liquor to Slavin's house on Sunday the 31st of July?

A. Bailey. I do not remember it.

Q. Do you remember carrying a larger quantity than a quartern?

A. Bailey. No, I do not; I don't take upon me to say I never did.

Q. Do you remember his coming for liquor, and you carrying some more?

A. Bailey. I don't remember any thing of it.

Q. Do you remember about that time your carrying liquor when there were company there?

A. Bailey. I do not remember any thing about it.

Q. to Crookhall. Do you know this young woman?

Crookhall. This is the young woman that brought in the liquor; she brought in one quartern, and after that two quarterns more; she asked Mr. Slavin to give her change for a 5 s. 3 d. piece and he could not, and I did.

Q. to Bailey. Do you remember that?

A. Bailey. No, I do not. (Note, she answered the description Crookhall had given of her.)

Bush's defence.

Crookhall gave me 5 s. I am eighteen years of age, I have known Crookhall two or three years.

To his character.

Anne Garlick . I am Bush's mistress; I have known him six years; he ran away from his work, I believe he was enticed away; he behaved as well as a servant could do before.

Slavin's defence.

I can prove I was not at home the 30th of July; and the Monday following, the 1st of August, I was on board an East Indiaman at the time, the Holton, Capt. Smith, commander, at Long-reach; here are a man and woman that were along with me, and my servant can prove I was not at home; he may swear what he likes against me, I cannot help it.

For Slavin.

Eleanor Shepherd . I am a house-keeper in Wapping, my husband is a seafaring man, he belongs to the Juno, Capt. Brent; Mr. Slavin came down to my house on the 30th of July last.

Q. What day of the week was that?

E. Shepherd. That was on a Saturday, he came about eight or nine in the morning, and staid better than half an hour; he went with me to the Holton Indiaman, we took a boat, she lay at Long-reach, she had not come to her moorings at Woolwich; it was about one or two o'clock when we got on board; we staid till night, as I had bought some goods, and could not get on shore.

Q. What did he go for?

E. Shepherd. To trade in the same way; he lay there in the boatswain's mate's hammock, we staid there all night, we staid till about ten o'clock on Sunday night; we came on shore at Woolwich on Sunday evening, it was after ten o'clock when we parted company.

Q. When did you first see him afterwards?

E. Shepherd. At eight o'clock on the Monday morning, he came to the alehouse to me; we set out for London directly, and got there about noon; we came to his house, I left my goods at his house, and we parted much about two o'clock.

Q. What was your business on board this Indiaman?

E. Shepherd. We smuggled on board her, he assisted me.

Q. What package did you bring your goods in?

E. Shepherd. In handkerchiefs, I bought two long setts of china.

Q. What is Slavin's business?

E. Shepherd. He keeps a clothes-shop, and is a shoemaker.

Alexander Fitzgerald . I am a salesman in Rosemary-lane, I have known Mr. Slavin about half a year, I never heard him ridiculed with any thing before, he is a civil man.

Thomas Fitzgerald . I am a baker, and live by Rosemary-lane; I serve him with bread, he always paid me very honestly.

- Cotterill. I have known him about seven months, he always seemed very industrious, working early and late.

- Cornfoot. I am a salesman, and live opposite Mr. Slavin, I have known him about half a year, I looked upon him to be a very honest man.

Q. to prosecutor. Did Slavin mention about his being on board a ship when before the Justice?

Prosecutor. No, he never mentioned a word of that then.

Bush guilty of stealing the goods only . Recommended. B .

Slavin Guilty . T.14 .

571, 572. (M.) Charles Gouge and James Cox were indicted for stealing two iron chains, the weight 40 pounds, value 3 s. the property of Sir Benjamin Trueman , Knt. and John Baker , Esq ; July 24 . ++

Robert Cox . I live in Brick-lane, Spitalfields, I belong to Sir Benjamin Trueman : on Monday the 25th of July I was informed a chain was missing belonging to the caravan; I went and found it was lost, it stood in Monmouth-street, Spitalfields ; I was informed the prisoners were taken with it upon them, I went and saw them, and the chain at the Justice's, but I could not swear to it.

Q. What did they say for themselves?

Cox. They said they were playing with it, and it dropped off the caravan; the caravan belongs to Mess. Trueman and Baker.

John Hunsdon . On Sunday the 24th of July I was in the yard, I heard these two boys playing with the chain; a gentleman called out, Hunsdon, Hunsdon, I wish you would see after them lads, they have got the chain off; I got up a ladder and looked over the wall, and saw Gouge with a chain done round his arm, going to run away with it; they seeing me, the other boy said to him, d - n your eyes, drop the chain, run, run; I jumped from the wall and ran after them, and took them both, and brought them back to the chain where they had dropped it; I found they had been beating the hook of the other chain; I led them away with the two chains about their necks to the beadle's house; they owned as they were going along that one of them was going for a file to get it off, and that they had been beating it with a stone or a bone to get it off; they had got the hook off, but had hung it on again in order to fetch that chain at night.

Samuel Hawksford . On the 24th of July about three in the afternoon, I heard a rattle of the carriage; I looked out at my window and saw Gouge unhook the fore chain; he went away and came again; Cox was in the carriage; they began to beat the other chain with a stone or a bone, they broke two or three stones at it; then one said to the other, here, d - n you, pull; they both pulled hard at it, it broke off, and they both fell in the kennel; then they put it to again, and said it will do till dark, then it was half an hour past six; they went away, and came again about half an hour past seven, and began to unhook the chain from the carriage; Gouge wound up one chain round his arm; then I called to Mr. Hunsdon, he got up upon the wall; the boy dropped the chain and they both ran away; Hunsdon jumped off the wall and ran and brought them back.

Gouge's defence.

I am as innocent as the child unborn; they wanted to make money of us to let us go.

Cox's defence.

We had been swinging on the chain and it broke, then the man jumped off the wall, and said we were going to make away with it; they wanted to make it up for money.

For the prisoners.

Daniel Gouge . I am brother to Gouge the prisoner.

Q. How old is he?

Gouge. He is betwixt twelve and thirteen years old.

Q. What are you?

Gouge. I am a weaver, and he is a draw-boy to a weaver; he always brought his money home on a Saturday; I never knew him guilty of such a thing; as this he worked for Mr. Martin. Mr. Hunsdon offered if they could raise 15 s. he would clear the boys.

Q. Who heard him offer this?

Gouge. He offered it before me and my brother-in-law at his own house on, Friday morning.

Thomas M'Daniel. Mr. Hunsdon sent for me twice to his house, to ask me if the money was ready; I told him I could not get it ready till this day a little before ten o'clock, this was last Friday morning; he said then he must cast him; he said, if we brought him 15 s. he was a liveryman of the city of London, and it was only speaking to an Alderman and he would clear the boy; he drank six pennyworth of brandy with me on the account of clearing the boy, this was at the Pied Bull in Spitalfields-market; or he said he must ask for money of Mr. Trueman and must cast him.

Thomas Saunders . I live in Spitalfields; Cox is about sixteen years of age, he is bound apprentice to my master; I never knew any thing amiss of him.

Mary Johnson . I am aunt to Cox; I have known him ten years, I never knew no ill of him.

Thomas Down . I have known Cox two years, he was an honest lad the time I knew him.

Q. to Hunsdon. Did you offer to make it up with M'Daniel for 15 s.

Hunsdon. I don't know that ever I drank with M'Daniel in my life.

Q. Had you any conversation with him about prosecuting these boys?

Hunsdon. No; these two men came to my house when I was at dinner; they desired I would be kind enough to let him go, we had not then been before the Justice; they said, pray, we should be glad to be informed about these boys; I said, you must go to the caravan and you will see part of the things knocked off; they went; I went and listened at a hole in the wall, and heard them say it is too true; I said, I believe it is; they answered and said, yes, it is.

Q. Was there no conversation about prosecuting them?

Hunsdon. No, there was not.

Q. Upon your oath had you no conversation with Gouge and M'Daniel about taking 15 s. not to prosecute?

Hunsdon. Upon my oath I had not.

Q. Have you heard what they have both said here?

Hunsdon. I have, there is not a bit of truth in it; I never said a syllable about it, I am no liveryman.

Q. What are you?

Hunsdon. I am a hot-presser,

Both Guilty . T .

573. (M.) Francis Glass was indicted for that he, on the 5th of September , about the hour of two in the night, the dwelling-house of James Smith did break and enter, and stealing a silk handkerchief, value 10 d. the property of the said James . *

James Smith . I live in Norfolk-street in the Strand ; the boy at the bar was servant to a gentleman named Allear, who lodged at my house. (Note, the prisoner was a Black.) It is about 12 months since the prisoner was sent to Jamaica, and he has been returned about six weeks; my servant came up to me this day se'nnight in the morning, about eight o'clock, and told me my house was broke open; I came down and found the kitchen window broke open; there was a little place where I kept some brandy and wine, that had been pulled all about the parlour, and particularly an apple-pie which the young man at the bar was very fond of; I believe he had filled his belly, but the silver spoon in the pie was there safe; I immediately called my servants, and asked them if they had seen any thing of the prisoner he having served me so some time before; I said, I fancy it is my friend Glass come again; I being about going out of town, desired them to see if they could see him; accordingly one of them found him; he was brought to me; I said to him, how came you here again; he told me a gentleman had bought him in Jamaica, and that he lived with one Dr. Fisher in Cecil-street; I could not find such a gentleman; at last he confessed he lived with Dr. Fisher; I wrote the doctor a letter, he came to me; the prisoner told me the doctor had threatened to whip him for pissing his bed, and that was the occasion of his running away from him; he left the silver spoon and several things of value, he only took a handkerchief which our people found upon him; I cannot tell where it was taken from.

Acquitted .

574. (M.) Richard Holt was indicted for feloniously forging a certain bill of exchange, with the name Samuel Warner subscribed thereunto, purporting to be drawn by Samuel Warner , directed to Hinton Brown and Co. bankers and partners in Lombard-street , for the payment of 10 l. to this effect following:

"Sir, please to pay William

"Harrison, or his order, 10 l. and place to

"account of your humble servant, Samuel Warner ,

"July 6, 1768," with intent to defraud John Town and John Burbank ; and for publishing the same, knowing it to have been falsly forged and counterfeited, with intention to defraud Thomas Gloucester , July 9 . ++

John Town . I am a haberdasher, and live in Cornhill; I know nothing of the prisoner, I did not see him when at my house; the transaction was between my servant and him.

Anne Spiller . I am shop-woman at Mr. Town's, the prisoner came into our shop on the 8th of July, about seven in the evening, to bespeak three cloaks, they came to about 40 s. each; he desired they might be sent to the Star and Garter in Pall-mall, directed to Mr. Harrison, our man carried them; I know no more of it.

Thomas Gloucestr . I am servant to Mr. Town, he is in partnership with John Burbank , I carried three white sarcenet cloaks to the Star and Garter on the 9th of July, value 6 l. 6 s. my direction was for Mr. Harrison, at Mr. Pingoe's, Pall-mall; when I came there I asked for such a gentleman, they seemed to know nothing of him; they desired I would walk into a room to wait, which I did for an hour and a half; then a man came to know if there was a person with a parcel for Mr. Harrison, they told him I was there; he was showed in to me, it was a chairman, he came with a draft; he said he came from a gentleman to pay for the things, and I was to give him the change; I asked him where the gentleman was, or where he lived; he said he could not tell; I took the note, and looked at it, and said, I did not know the drawer nor endorser: I carried it to the bar, and asked if they knew any of them gentlemen, they said they did not; the chairman said he was not to leave it without the change, so I brought him to our house, and left him there till I went to Mr. Brown's, then I found it was not good; I told them in what manner I took it; they asked if I had given the change; I told them I had not; they said it was not worth a halfpenny, and I was liable to be taken up; then my master came and said I was his servant, then I went down, and fetched up the chairman.

Q. Did you present the bill for payment at Hinton Brown's?

Gloucester. I did; I told them the chairman was the man I had it of, the chairman told the same he had told me; going along I asked the chairman who he had the draft of; he said he did not know, but told me where he had it; he said he had it at Kensington, where he was to carry the things; I came back to the Star and Garter, and told them the draft was not good; I asked the chairman where he was to take the change; he said, no where, he said the gentleman was to call upon him at his stand in King-street, St. James's; I went up with him to his stand, we found a person had been there to enquire for the chairman, and left word he would call again; I waited there till the evening, the person came and sent a little girl for the chairman; I kept the chairman with me all the while, I followed the chairman; when we came up to the man, which was the prisoner, what he said to him I do not know, I being behind; I came up soon after, when I came up the chairman said, Sir, this is the gentleman; the prisoner turned to me, and said, Sir, are you the person that brought the goods; I said I was, and had waited for him all day; he said, very well, I suppose you expect to be paid; I said, to be sure I did; I said it will be very well if you will go along with me; he agreed to it; I went to the house where I had waited, and discharged the reckoning; I said I must go to the Star and Garter where the things were; going along he mentioned two or three places where to go to; I said I was a stranger, and would go no where else but to the Star and Garter; when we came to the door he seemed unwilling to go in; I said I must insist upon your going in; he went in, the waiter showed us a room; we went into it, and called for a pint of wine; then I went out to the bar, and told the people I had the person who sent the note; I heard somebody knock in the room, I turned to speak to the chairman, in the mean time the prisoner got out of the room; I catched hold of the door, and went out and called, he was got as far as St. James's-square before he was overtaken; he was brought back again, then I sent for an officer, in order to take him before Sir John Fielding ; I sent for my master to meet me there; he did; I marked the bill there, in order to know it again, and left it there till the Wednesday after, and it has been in my custody ever since.

The bill produced in court.

It is read to this purport:

"Sir,

"Please to pay William Harrison , or his order,

"10 l. and place to account of your humble

"servant,

" Samuel Warner .

"To Hinton Brown and Co. bankers in Lombard-street."

Q. Did the prisoner say any thing to you of having it of one Mr. Harrison?

Gloucester. No, he did not.

Hugh Matthews . I am a chairman, my stand is at the corner of King-street and Bury-street, I do not know the day of the month, this all happened on one day; I was sent for by a little child to a perfumer's shop to go of a message for a gentleman, there I found the prisoner, he was writing; he said, will you go of a message for me; I said, I would with all my heart; he desired me to wait till he had done writing; when he had finished it he came out into the street to me; when we came by ourselves, he asked me if I knew the Star and Garter, Pall-mall; I said, yes, very well; he said, go there, you will find a gentleman there from Cornhill with a parcel, go into a private room; he gave me this bill, and I was to pay for the parcel: I was to pay six guineas for the goods, and to bring him 3 l. 14 s. and if any body asked me where I came from, I was to say I came from St. James's coffee-house; then in a few minutes before we parted he said, if any body asked me where I came from, to say I came from Kensington; he gave me a 10 l. note or draft, I can neither write nor read; I asked him what I was to pay, he told me as I mentioned before.

Q. Can you tell where he had that paper from?

Matthews. No, I cannot, he was writing a cover to put over the note, as he told me; I observed, as he was writing, there were numbers of lines on that paper; I asked him where he lived, that I might come and return your change and the goods; he would not tell me, but took down my name, and where my stand was, and said he would come to me at my stand in the afternoon, or on the morrow morning; he walked down the paved-alley, and said he would wait there till I came back, there I parted with him; then I went to the Star and Garter, and asked if there was a parcel brought there from Cornhill; the waiter said there was, and directed me to Mr. Gloucester; I said to him, have you brought some goods; he said, yes; I said, what do they come to; he said, six guineas; I said, you was to bring change for a 10 l. note; he said, yes; I said, then give me 3 l. 14 s. here is the bill; he said, let me see the note; the prisoner had bid me not part with the note without the change; I said, give me the money you shall have the note; he took and looked at the note, and said, chairman, come along with me to my master's house, and you may have the change; I went with him, his master said the note is as good as the Bank, go and change it; he was gone about half an hour, the gentleman went to see why they kept him so long: after that I was sent for, and examined by Mr. Cole; he said to me, I was liable to be sent to the Compter or Newgate; said I, if there is any thing wrong it is not my fault; they went back to the counting house, and came to me again, and asked me who I knew in the city; I told them where I had brought papers and Bank notes, and gave a good account of myself; then they asked me which way I could take this man, or I must suffer myself; I said, if they would send a clerk with me to St. James's, the goods lay at the Star and Garter; they sent the clerk with me, we went up to the Swan about four in the afternoon; between eight and nine I was informed the prisoner had been at the shop to enquire for me, and had left word; I had left word I had the change and the goods; before I got to the door I saw him standing by the shop-door; he asked what I had done; I said, I had the change and the goods; he said, very well; I laid hold of him; said he, what do you lay hold of me for; said I, you are the King's prisoner, you must give an account of your hand-writing: Gloucester followed me immediately; the prisoner said, if you will go to St. James's-street I will pay you for the goods, and settle all the affair; coming into Great King-street I met the merchant's clerk, I said, this is the man, and I beg you will assist me, I had him by the arm; he begged hard for a coach; I took him into the house, we had a pint of wine; I asked him what was the reason he put me in such danger; he got out in a minute, and got as far as St. James's-square, this was about the hour of ten at night; I ran and laid hold of him again near the Duke of Leeds's, and sent for a hackney-coach, and brought him to Sir John Fielding 's; he was going to bed, another gentleman happened to be there, and he committed the prisoner.

Cross examination.

Q. Did the prisoner tell you where he had the bill?

Matthews. No, he did not.

George Cole . I live at Hinton Brown's in Lombard-street.

Q. What is the form of the house?

Cole. Hinton Brown and Son, and Collinson, some are drawn Hinton Brown and Son.

Q. Have you any account in the name of Samuel Warner ?

Cole. No, we have not.

Cross examination.

Q. What do you call this bill?

Cole. This is a bill of exchange.

Q. Are not your drafts drawn upon cheque paper?

Cole. They generally are by people we keep cash for.

Prisoner's defence.

The body of the bill in question is not my handwriting, nor had I any intention to defraud; I should therefore hope that the charge against me is not true; I have some time gone to the West-Indies with particular kinds of goods; being at the Island of Barbadoes I became acquainted with Mr. Harrison, he endorsed the said bill; I had not seen him till under the Piazzas in Covent-garden, on the 8th of July; he said he should be but a little time here, and he wanted three cloaks to make a present of to three ladies at Bath: he knowing I had carried on such trade in the West-Indies, he ordered me to get them, and to be left at the Star and Garter, Pall-mall, by the morrow morning, desiring me to order the person to bring change for a 10 l. bill: pursuant to his direction I went to the prosecutor, and ordered them; going to cross St. James's-square with a young woman, on the Saturday, I happened to meet Mr. Harrison, he took me by the hand; I told him the cloaks would be ready for him; he thanked me very kindly, and pulled out his pocket-book, and gave me the bill, and desired me to receive the change, and order the cloaks to be kept till called for, which he would do in two or three days, and I being engaged to go to Kensington, got that chairman to go. This is a true narrative of my case; I solemnly protest I had no intention to defraud any body, nor did I know it was a bad bill; I have not been able to find out Mr. Harrison since; I understood him that he lodged at Charing-cross, but he did not tell me where; he appeared to me in the West Indies to be a man of character and reputation; this was the 7th or 8th of July, I was committed the 9th; I have made all the enquiry possible I could for him; I hope from the nature of the case, and my general character, the honourable court will think I am not guilty; the chairman threatening me, I thought my life was in danger, was the occasion of endeavouring to get away.

For the prisoner.

Mary Smith . I live by Leicester fields, and am a mantua-maker, my friends live in Carnaby-market; I have been in business for myself about three months; I have known the prisoner about two months before this thing happened. On Saturday the 9th of July, between nine and ten o'clock, this gentleman, the prisoner at the bar called on me, I had my hat and cloak on, going out; he asked me where I was going, I said towards Bond street; he said he was going to St. James's-street; I walked with him to St. James's-square; a gentleman met him, he said a good morning to you Mr. Harrison, how do you do; Mr. Harrison said, how do you do Mr. Holt; the gentleman asked him if he had got the cloaks for him; Mr. Holt said, yes; then Mr. Harrison pulled out a pocket-book and gave him a piece of paper, and told him it was a note of 16 l. and said he would call for the cloaks and take the change; then they bid each other a good morrow and parted.

She is ordered out of court.

Q. to prisoner. What age do you think this Mr. Harrison may be?

Prisoner. About 28 years of age.

Q. What sized man?

Prisoner. Rather low stature, and rather thin.

Q. What complexion?

Prisoner. Light complexion.

Q. His own hair or a wig?

Prisoner. His own hair.

Q. What coloured hair?

Prisoner. Dark coloured brown hair.

The evidence is called in.

Q. What sized man was this Mr. Harrison?

M. Smith. A middling sized man, not very lusty nor very thin.

Q. What coloured clothes?

M. Smith. He had brown or dark coloured clothes on.

Q. Had he a wig or his own hair?

M. Smith. I can't take upon me to say which .

Q. What his complexion?

M. Smith. I cannot tell what sort of complexion.

Q. What do you look upon to be his age?

M. Smith. I don't know his age, I did not look him in the face.

Q. How long have you known the prisoner?

M. Smith. I have known him about two months.

Q. How came you acquainted with him?

M. Smith. He is acquainted with a person whom I work for, a lady named Cole, she lodges in Oxford-road.

Q. Where do you live?

M. Smith. I live in St. Martin's-street, Leicester-fields; I served seven years in King-street, Carnaby-market, to Mrs. Carter.

Q. What business was the prisoner in?

M. Smith. What I heard lately he deals in the haberdashery way abroad.

Q. Was you in court all the time the evidence was given against him?

M. Smith. I was.

John Reeve . I am a warehouse man in Cateaton-street; I have known the prisoner some time, he has an extreme good character; to my knowledge he used to trade abroad, he has been in North America and places abroad; he has been trusted with large sums; had he applied to me he should have had twenty or thirty pounds, had he wanted it.

Q. Look upon this bill.

Reeve. (He takes it in his hand.) Neither the indorsement nor any part of it, I do not think bears any resemblance to the prisoner's handwriting.

Q. Have you seen him write?

Reeve. I have often.

Q. What did the prisoner trade in?

Reeve. He traded abroad; he was connected with Col. Tucker and Mr. Hunt of Aldermanbury, who recommended him to people here.

- Swainton. I have a place in the Custom-house; my acquaintance with the prisoner first commenced in the year 1753; I never knew his character in the least called in question till this time, relating to this charge; I was acquainted with him very intimately for five or six years, he has continually paid me visits; I have known a number of people more intimate with him than I was, and had he been the least faulty I think I should have heard it; if he had come to me, so good an opinion I had of him, I would have let him have thirty, forty, or fifty pounds on his word; this I said before Sir John Fielding ; upon my oath I do think him the last man that would do such a thing, I would have given him forty pounds if he had told me his necessity for it; his character was universally good, I never knew to the contrary till this.

Charles Kershaw . I am a Manchester dealer; I have known the prisoner several years, he has been abroad lately.

Q. How long is it since you knew him?

Kershaw. Mine is seven or eight years ago.

William Letham . I am a taylor; I have been acquainted with the prisoner near three years; the last three years he lodged at my father's, a taylor near Temple-bar; I always looked upon him to be a man of honour and credit, he kept very regular hours and behaved himself extremely well.

Q. How long has he lodged at your father's?

Letham. About two months, very near to the time of this affair, he had just left my father's lodgings.

Richard Isherwood . I live in Bow Church-yard, and keep a Manchester warehouse; I believe I have known him 14 or 15 years; he has a very good character as ever I heard any body have in my life.

Robert Broadbelt . I am in the coal trade; I have known the prisoner 14 or 15 years; he led a very sober life at the time I first knew him; he had an exceeding good character, and I have heard the same of him ever since; I lived in one house with him seven years.

Guilty of publishing it, knowing it to have been forged . Death .

575. (L.) William Milner was indicted for stealing a linen handkerchief, value 10 d. the property of John Barnes , Sept. 5 . ++

John Barnes . I was going thro' Bartholomew-fair last Monday the 5th of this instant, about four in the afternoon; I felt my handkerchief drawn from my pocket: I turned round and saw a handkerchief in the prisoner's hand, there were a great mob where he was; I took hold of one corner of it, and Mr. Paine on the other; I do not know of my own knowledge that the prisoner took it from me, (produced in court;) here is the letters of my name upon it, J. B. I do not chuse to swear to it, there may be many like it.

Q. Did you know the prisoner before?

Barnes. I never saw him in my life to my knowledge before.

William Pains . About four in the afternoon that day, I was going on the paved stones in Smithfield, I turned pretty short; the prosecutor shifted from one place to another, the prisoner shifted after him; the prosecutor's pocket lid was in, the prisoner made three attempts at it, and the third he got the handkerchief out; the boy turned about and got hold of it, and said to the prisoner, you have got my handkerchief, if it is my handkerchief, it has J. B. upon it; I had hold of the prisoner's collar at the same time; the prisoner went on his knees and begged forgiveness of Mr. Cooke the city marshal; Mr. Cooke told him he must take the consequence of the law.

Prisoner's defence.

I saw the handkerchief on the ground and took it up.

Paine. It was a very wet afternoon, and there was not a spot of dirt upon it.

To his character.

Sarah Smith . The prisoner is my apprentice, my husband is a taylor; he has served six years and a half of his time, I always found him honest, I have trusted him with great value.

Q. Why did you not keep him out of Bartholomew-fair?

S. Smith. It is customary for boys to go to it; he had not been out of my house two hours.

James her husband gave the same account as to the prisoner's honesty.

John Benn . I live at the Two Brewers, London-wall; I have known him almost five years, he was very honest and sedate for whatever I knew.

Guilty . W .

576. (L.) Richard Slocombe the younger, was indicted for feloniously and deceitfully personating Richard Slocombe the elder, and thereby did transfer 50 l. part of 450 l. of joint stock of South Sea Annuities. the property of the said Richard the elder , July 28 . ++

Thomas Edwards . I am a clerk in the New South Sea Annuities, (he produced a book P to S,) this contains all the names that come under P, Q, R , and S, and the different soms that they hold

Q. Have you the name of Richard Slocombe there?

Edwards. It is here (he turns to it,) this book is from the 5th of July 1766, to the present time, we call it a ledger; we post our different transfers into this book, the dividend book is given out of this book; there was a balance struck at last Christmas dividend, which left the balance 450 l. so that it appears by this book there was 450 l. at Christmas last, the property of Richard Slocombe the elder.

Thomas Smallwood . I am the chief clerk in the Annuity-office; I have known Richard Slocombe the father twelve or thirteen years, he had 450 l. in his name at Christmas last in the South Sea Annuities.

Q. Do you know of any transactions of his since that time?

Smallwood. No, I do not; but on the 28th of July I was looking over the transactions in the books of that day, I saw the name Richard Slocombe on two transfers for 50 l. each; as I was pretty well acquainted with him, I looked about the office for him; I could not find him; I turned to Mr. Edwards, pray, said I, where is Mr. Slocombe; that is Mr. Slocombe, said he, pointing to the prisoner at the bar; I said that was not the Richard Slocombe that I knew; upon which I asked the prisoner whether his name was Richard Slocombe ; he answered me, yes; I asked him whether he had not a father living whose name was Richard Slocombe ; he said, yes; I asked him whether he formerly did belong to the Excise, and lived at Hammersmith; he said, yes; I asked him whether the New Annuity Stock which he had transferred, did not stand in his father's name; he said, yes, but it is my property; I asked him how it came to be his property; he told me it was left him by an aunt; I asked him whether he had the will of that aunt to produce, or any power of attorney from his father to transfer that stock; he said, no; upon which Mr. Flavel hearing this conversation said to him, Sir, I must detain you till this matter is cleared up, otherwise I or my security must sustain this damage; he was detained; we sent for Mr. Bristow, the company's solicitor; he advised us to send for the deputy-governor; we had word he would not be at some till night; we then sent for Mr. Ward the sub governor; he advised us to carry the prisoner before a magistrate; accordingly he was carried before Mr. Alderman Turner, and the next morning before my Lord Mayor; I said there what I have now declared in court; the prisoner declared he should be very glad his father should be made acquainted with it; he was committed by my Lord Mayor.

Robert Cammel . I am a broker. On the 26th of July the prisoner came to me to sell some New Annuities for him, and on the 28th I sold two fifty pounds for him, the transfer was made out upon my application; after I had sold the first 50 for him, he said he must have 50 more sold, for he was going to France the next morning, and should want the money.

Q. Did he sign the transfer?

Cammel. He did, I saw him sign it.

William Flavel . I am a clerk in the New Annuity-office at the South Sea-house; here is the book wherein all the transfers are made under the letters P, Q, R , and S, (he turns to the letter S,) I am here a witness to the two transfers on the 28th of July, here are two other witnesses, Mr. Cammel and Mr. Crosley.

Cammel. This is my name, here is my own hand writing, I saw the prisoner sign his name.

Q. Was you in the office at the time that Mr. Smallwood mentioned?

Cammel. I was, and heard the conversation.

Q. to Flavel. Was you there at the time?

Flavel. I was; I asked the prisoner whether it stood in his own name; he said, no, but in the name of his father; but nevertheless he said the stock was his property, as having been purchased with 500 l. which an aunt of his had left him; I then asked him whether his father had ever given him a letter of attorney to transfer this stock, or had given him any other direction; he then went on making some excuse, he had applied to his father for some money; his father had refused him the money, but bid him go to the South Sea-house and take the stock there, for that was his property; I then asked him whether he had ever paid for this stock, to which he said, no; I asked him whether he had accepted any part of it; he said, no; I shewed him the last acceptance of the stock made to the account of Richard Slocombe , that was the 3d of March 1759, that he acknowledged to be his father's hand-writing; upon these circumstances I detained him till I had the sense of our sub governor; he stood committed by a warrant from Mr. Alderman Turner, and was examined by my Lord Mayor next morning.

Court. to Crosley. Look upon the transfer in that book.

Crosley. This is my hand-writing (my name,) I saw the prisoner sign his name,

The entry read.

July 28, 1768.

Wherein he transfers 50 l. of his interest or share of the joint stock of New South Sea Annuities to Richard Allwright , signed

Richard Slocombe .

Accepted Richard Allwright .

The other transfer is from Richard Slocombe of Chelsea, to John Dupee and his wife of Bethnal-green for 50 l. dated July 28, 1768, and accepted by the parties.

Prisoner's defence.

From what I had conceived and collected from discourse between my father and mother, this was mine upon my coming to age; my father is at these years reduced to a degree of insanity, he cannot recollect one half hour what he spoke the last; I am fully persuaded if my mother and sister were here, they would coincide perfectly in what I advance in every respect; as to the transfer, I signed nothing but my own name; if I had been conscious I was doing wrong, I should have made but one transfer, and took all the money at once; I did not act with any view of defrauding, therefore I most humbly hope you will take it in the most favourable consideration and construction; I am not particularly desirous of calling my father.

To his character.

John Pierce . I am the prisoner's uncle; I never knew but that he always bore a good character, he was always very dutiful.

Guilty . Death .

577. (L.) John Turpin was indicted for stealing a mahogany tea chest, value 4 s. and five tin cannisters , the property of Richard Crew , August 24 . *

Richard Crew . I deal in hardware and toys , and live in Cannon-street . On the 24th of August the prisoner came into my shop in the morning, about half an hour after six, and asked the price of a doll; the maid shewed him several; the maid came up to me to ask the price of a doll, I was in bed and can give no farther account.

William Richards . I was up in the kitchen, the maid came up to ask me to go down into the shop; I went a quarter of the way down the stair-case, I saw the prisoner in the little room with the maid; he asked her for some water several times; I saw his hand at work, but could not tell what he was taking, but when he went out of the shop he had his right-hand under his coat; he went out of the shop, I followed and took hold of him, and asked what he had there; he said a tea-chest; he gave it me, and desired I would let him go; I took him back, (produced and deposed to.)

Prisoner's defence.

I found it by the door.

Guilty . T .

578. (L.) Jeremiah Cox was indicted for stealing a linen handkerchief, value 6 d. the property of Benjamin Linley , Sept. 5 . ++

Benjamin Linley . Last Monday I was in Bartholomew fair at about half an hour past eight at night, I was going along under a gateway, there was a mob of people; I felt something pull at my pocket; I immediately put my hand to my pocket, and my handkerchief was gone; a young man my acquaintance had hold of the prisoner, I stepped up to him and took my handkerchief out of his hand, (produced and deposed to.)

John Upton . I was with the prosecutor; I saw the prisoner take a handkerchief out of his pocket, I laid hold of him; Mr. Linley took the handkerchief out of the prisoner's hand; we dragged him along, and by accident met with a constable, and gave him charge of the prisoner.

Prisoner's defence.

I had just done work, and I went to Bartholomew-fair; there were two young lads before me; they picked this handkerchief from the ground, it was not worth any thing; they threw it away and I picked it up, and the gentleman came and collared me directly.

Guilty . T .

See him tried for a crime of the same sort, No 406, in this Mayoralty.

579. (L.) John Bagnell was indicted, together with Richard Thorp not taken, for stealing a silver quart mug, value 7 l. three silver table spoons, value 20 s. a silver egg-spoon, a silver pap-spoon, two silver tea-spoons, and a silver punch ladle, the property of Thomas Harrison , in the dwelling-house of the said Thomas , Dec 24 . *

Thomas Harrison . I keep a house in Water-lane, Black-friars , I am a waterman and lighterman ; I never saw the prisoner till I saw him before Justice Spinnage; I lost the things in the indictment (mentioning them) on Christmas evening from out of my beauset; I belong to the Westminster Fire-office, I was gone to a fire at the time they were taken; I advertised the things, but I never recovered any of them again; Mr. Barrington brought the evidence Child to me on seeing the advertisement.

Allen Barrington . I live in Oxford-market, I am a shoemaker, I was at Major Spinnage 's when the evidence Child was brought there for a misdemeanour; there he confessed this robbery, and another he had committed at St. Alban's; the Major sent me to Duke's place, to take up the people he said he had sold the things to; coming back on Ludgate-hill we met the prisoner at the bar, and another that he said was in the other robbery; I took the prisoner, when I laid hold of him he said to Child, what have you done, you will hang me, and had him before the Major, and afterwards went and acquainted Mr. Harrison with what Child had confessed before the Major; the prisoner begged and cried that he might be made an evidence, and said he could be a far clearer evidence than Child; the Major told him he could not do it.

Q. Did the prisoner say he had or had not been guilty of this charge?

Barrington. He did not say he had or had not.

Thomas Child . I have known the prisoner about half a year.

Q. How did you first become acquainted?

Child. I ran away from my master, a hatter in Water-lane, and strolled about, and got into Field-lane, and from thence to Chick-lane; there I got acquainted with the prisoner, and some more; I used to see them go out, and at last they asked me to go out with them, so I went out; we used to go out on nights a shop lifting; we went to the prosecutor's house on Christmas evening, Bagnell and Thorp were with me; the prisoner was apprentice in Field lane, he ran away from his master; we were walking by Mr. Harrison's, we saw Mrs. Harrison go down stairs to serve some coals; Thorp said, he believed no body was there, upon which Bagnell went into the house, the door was partly open; he brought out a paper snuff box, and gave it to Thorp; Thorp gave it to me, said Thorp, is this all you could get; he answered, no; there were a pair of blankets and a bed-quilt; Thorp said, go in and fetch them; he went in, and Thorp with him; Bagnell went to lay hold of the blanket and quilt; Thorp said, look over there, and pointed to the beauset; then Bagnell took out a quart silver mug, and the rest of the things were in it; I stood at the door, and saw them go cross the room; when they came out, they both told me what they had got; Thorp ran one way, and Bagnell the other; I went after Bagnell, and overtook him on Ludgate-hill; I said, what was the matter you ran so; said he, O! we are made for ever, we have got a quart silver mug, and some spoons in it; we found Thorp at Fleet-ditch, he had the mug and the spoons; we put them into a bag, and carried them into Black-boy -alley; we all lodged there in one house, and some others besides, all of the same business.

Q. How many were there of you?

Child. There were five of us.

Q. Have you ever given information against the rest?

Child. No, I never went out with them; Bagnell, I, and Thorp generally went out together; Bagnell got a young woman, a whore, in Black-boy-alley, to carry the things in her lap, to one Lyons, a Jew, in Duke's place, she did not belong to us; we all three went with her; Bagnell went up stairs, Thorp, I, and the young woman staid below; Bagnell brought down five guineas, we divided the money among us three, the young woman had none of it.

Q. How came Bagnell to be taken up?

Child. I was taken up for stealing a shift, and carried before Major Spinnage ; he took me back into a room, and examined me, and said it was a pity I should be hurt, being young, and said if I had done any more robberies he would make an evidence of me; then I confessed directly about this, and about a robbery I had done at St. Alban's, in company with one Walsum; I never was in the country but that once, then Bagnell asked me to go; then the Major ordered Mr. Barrington and me to go and take Walsum, Thorp, and the Jew, that bought the things; I went with him first into Field lane to see after Bagnell, Walsum, and Thorp, and from there to the Jew's house, there was no body at home; coming back upon Ludgate-hill I cast my eye up, I believe it is Ave-maria-lane, by a pastry-cook's on the left-hand side the hill, going up, there I saw Walsum and two more; I said, there is Walsum; I looked again, and saw Bagnell; there was a young man with us, he ran and hit Bagnell over the head with a stick, and took him; he had seen me, and knew I was taken up; he was upon the run; Mr. Barrington took Walsum, they tied Walsum and Bagnell together; Bagnell said, Tom, how could you go to do so to me; said I, I cannot help it, if I had not done it may be you would have done it, and I went to clear myself of all the robberies I have done.

Q. Did Barrington hear this conversation?

Child. He did; when before Major Spinnage he asked Bagnell what he had to say concerning the robbery I had mentioned; Bagnell said, please to admit me an evidence, and I will tell of more robberies I have been in than he can; the Major said he could not do any such thing.

Q. to prosecutor. Did you ever see the prisoner or evidence near your house?

Prosecutor. No, I never did either of them in my life.

Child. I served three years of my apprenticeship in Water-lane near your house.

Prosecutor. I did not live there then, I had but just moved into that house.

Prisoner's defence.

I am very innocent of the charge laid against me; the evidence and James Cox were both here last sessions, and my Lord would not admit either of them evidence (See them tried, No 406, 407, in this Mayoralty. See Walsum an evidence, No 10, 11, 12, in this Mayoralty.

Child. Bagnell has been an evidence once here, and he has been tried here before (for the first see No 529, and for the second see No 341, both in Sir Robert Kite's Mayoralty.

For the prisoner.

Hannah Clark . I live in Field-lane, next door to the prisoner's mother; I have known him five years, I never knew no harm by him in my life.

Hannah Levis . I live upon Saffron hill, my husband is a hatter, I have known him three or four years, I know no harm of him.

Walter Taylor . I live in Rosemary-lane, I have known him ten years, I never knew any body that he wronged.

Elizabeth Clark . I live in Rosemary-lane, I was at the birth of him, and have known him since; he has a very good character as far as ever I heard.

Acquitted .

580. (L) Rebecca Horsley , spinster , was indicted for stealing a woollen rug, value 2 s. and a linen sheet, value 1 s. the property of Thomas Abbiss , in a certain lodging room left by contract , &c. Sept. 9 . ++

Thomas Abbiss I live in Red-lion-court. Fetter-lane ; the prisoner took a lodging ready furnished of me almost twelve months ago, she has been backwards and forwards, she took it the last time about June; last Friday I was informed she had robbed her lodgings; I went and searched and found it so, she was in the house at the same time; I missed a rug and a sheet, she told me where they were pledged.

Q. Were they part of the furniture you lett with the room?

Abbiss They were.

Q. Is she a single or a married woman?

Abbiss. She is a single woman.

David Jarvis . The prisoner pledged this rug with me on the 8th of August (produced and deposed to.)

Abraham Boycote . The prisoner pledged this sheet with me on the 7th of this instant (produced and deposed to.)

Prisoner's defence.

A lodger in the house made me a little in liquor, and persuaded me to do it, I have been in the lodging fifteen months; I was a servant there to two men, and their wives that lodge there; I only got 3 s. upon the things, I would have redeemed them before I came out of the house, but he would not take it; I had not been away.

Prosecutor. After I had taken her up, she did offer to fetch the things again, but I having lost so many things, I was determined to prosecute the first I found.

Acquitted .

The prosecutor was stopped in court, and arraigned on an indictment for keeping a disorderly house, and committed till he could find laid, to appear to he tried next sessions.

581, 582. (M.) George Besford and Thomas Besford were indicted for putting Thomas Delaval , Esq ; in corporal fear and danger of his life, on the King's highway, and taking from his person one watch, with the box gold, and the outside case tortoiseshell, value 8 l. one triangle crystal seal set in gold, value 40 s. and two guineas , the property of the said Thomas, May 31 . *

Thomas Delaval , Esq; I was coming to London, and on Hounslow-heath I was accosted by two men on horse-back, between eleven and twelve at night, on the 31st of May; they took from me my watch, as described in the indictment, and two guineas in money; it was dark that I could not see their faces, neither can I swear to the colour of their horses.

Joseph Harris . I keep a silversmith's-shop at Maidstone in Kent; the prisoner, George Besford , came to my shop the 20th of July, about five in the afternoon, he brought this watch to sell (producing a watch with a gold box and tortoiseshell case.)

Prosecutor: This is the watch I lost that night, the name Hunter is on it, I have had it long in my possession, I know the watch and seal well.

Harris. The prisoner asked me if I would buy a watch; I said I would, if I liked it; he said it was his aunt's watch that lived down in Sussex; I told him it was rather odd that he should come so far to sell a watch, but if he would leave it in my possession a quarter of an hour, I would give him a proper answer whether I would buy it or not; he left it, and went out; I followed him about ten rods, I saw him speak to the other prisoner, his brother; they went together to the Rose and Crown alehouse; I went directly to Mr. William Rolfe , an attorney, to know what to do, as I suspected it to have been stolen; I desired him to come over, and sit in my shop in a careless sort of a way; there was a brother-in-law of mine in my house at the time, I desired he would go to the Rose and Crown, and see if a person in a blue coat, and another in a round frock, were there; he came and said they were there; after that George came up to my shop again, he asked me if I had considered of it; I told him I did not cause to deliver it him again, without going before the Mayor of the town, for I suspected he did not come honestly by it; he seemed to think it rather hard, and said, if I did not chuse to have it I might let him have it again; I told him, if the Mayor ordered me so to do I would; we went then down to the Mayor, he told his story to the Mayor, that it was his aunt's watch that lived at Lingfield in Sussex; the Mayor asked what business he had in Maidstone, and what business he was in; he said he was in the trading way, a free trader; that is what w look upon with us to be in the smuggling way he was desired to give an account how he came b the watch; he could give no other account that that it was his aunt's; I told him I would ride a hundred miles to any person he should desire m to go to; he was committed; he was asked hi name, he said his name was Barton; I was t have gone to his aunt the next morning, but where he was sent to goal, Thomas Besford was sent for they were examined separate; Thomas owned the affair, and signed his confession, it is in court; I was present at the time, and heard him make it, and saw him sign it (produced in court;) they pretended they were strangers to each other; he owned their pistols were at home, and the other watch also, which is laid in another indictment; seeing the name Hunter on the watch, I wrote a letter, and sent by the post to know whether Mr. Hunter ever sold a gold watch with a tortoiseshell case; he sent me a letter the next day, that he sold such a one to Thomas Delaval , Esq; the next night I sent a letter up to Sir John Fielding , to know whether he had had any notice of such a watch being stolen; he sent me word it was upon his file; I sent to my brother in Fleet-street, who sent me this notice down, which answered the description of the watch; after George was committed, which was about half an hour after eleven o'clock, I went home, after which the Mayor sent for me again; in the mean time he was examining Thomas Besford ; what the Mayor had said to him I know not, I know nothing of a promise made him.

William Rolfe . I am an attorney, and live at Maidstone; Mr. Harris came for me, he showed me this watch, and told me his suspicion, and desired my advice, whether he might be justified in stopping it; I said, I believed he might, not only in that, but the man or men also; he desired me to go over to his shop, the man was to call again; I went, but previous to that I sent for a constable that lives just by; soon after the prisoner George came into the shop; I said, pray are you the young man that brought this watch to sell; he said he was; I asked him how he came by it, saying it was a pretty good watch; he said he came from Lingfield, and that it was his aunt's, and that she ordered him to sell it; I asked him what his aunt was; he said she was a widow, and it was left her by her husband; I asked him then what his uncle was; he said, a miller: it is a watch Mr. Harris says goes upon jewels; I said, millers do not usually carry such watches as this; I asked how his uncle came it; he said, his uncle bought it of a gentleman, he had been dead about a year and a half; I ed him if he knew that gentlemen; he said he not; I asked him what his own name was; he said name was Barton, he intimated that he smuggled; I told him, from what little I understood m his account, he did not come honestly by it.

Q. What were his words?

Rolfe. He said he was employed in a fair trade, at is a term in our country for smuggling; I told m it would be dangerous for Mr. Harris in buying watches, where there was not a good account it, and I hoped he would go before Mr. Mayor; en he seemed to hesitate, and said, if he did not ke to buy the watch, he might let him have it gain, and he would go elsewhere; I told him I ust insist on his going before the Mayor to give better account; I called the constable, and put im under his care to carry him before the Mayor; then asked him the name of his companion; he said, what did I want with that; I said, only to ask him a few questions; he told me his name was Thomas Histead; I asked him where he was, he did not care to tell me; said he, if you want to see him, I will go along with you; no, I said, I did chuse that, let me know where he is, and I go and see for him; at last he did tell me he as at the Rose and Crown, he was secured, and ought to Mr. Harris's shop; I then asked him is name and connections with the other man; he ressed very much to see him, I told him he should him presently; he asked where he was gone to; said, before the Mayor, and he should follow him; I asked him his name; he told me it was Moredale; I said, your comrade said it was Histead; he still insisted that his name was Moredale; then asked him what his business was, and his connections with the other man; he said they had been out in East Kent, a smuggling, and, that he came down that way with the other man; he did acknowledge at last he knew of his coming there to sell a watch; I asked him several other questions relative to the affair, and he answered quite different from what the other had done; then I had him before the Mayor, George was examined before I came there that time; we were in some doubt what to do with Thomas, how to detain him, because he did appear with George; as he said he was a smuggler, I thought it would be proper to commit him as an idle disorderly person; I had heard George examined, he answered much the same as has been mentioned, that his name was John Barton .

Mr. Russell. I live at a public-house with my father and mother, I remember the two prisoners being at our house; I took the prisoner Thomas by the collar, and led him all the way to the Mayor's, and staid there, and had him away to the goal; he was along with me while George was examined, they did not know how to commit Thomas, without the town-clerk; the clerk was there; Mr. Lewis was there; he said they may commit him for six days, if I would swear I saw the two prisoners together; accordingly I did: when the mittimus was made, and he was going away, the man that went out with him came in and said, he has owned every thing; he was brought back again, and then he owned before the Mayor what he was; he said the other was his brother, and his name was George Besford , and that his name was Thomas Besford ; after that he fell a crying, and said he had a wife, and came no farther than Northfleet; we found a watch-chain about him, with an old seal; he said the watch belonging to the chain and seal was at his father's house (the chain produced in court;) I was present when he signed this paper, and I saw the Mayor write his name.

Q. Were there any threats or promises made use of in order to his confessing?

Russell. I never heard a word of either, neither did I make him any.

Q. Was he in liquor?

Russell. No, they had but one pint of beer in our house.

James Osbourn . I am a constable, I was sent for on this occasion; when the Mayor committed Thomas, he put him under my care; when we had taken him out of the room, I believe I said to him, it will be better for him if he would confess; then he said, Lord have mercy upon me, I am a poor unhappy creature, that man that is committed by the name of Barton is my own brother; I had a wife, and she is dead, I have two small children, and grow poorer and poorer, and I have been urged on to do this; then I carried him back to the Mayor again.

Q. During the time you were before the Mayor were there any promises or threats made use of to him?

Osbourn. I went in and told the Mayor of it, then I brought him in, and he made his confession immediately.

George Besford 's defence.

I told Mr. Mayor that my uncle had left it me; he told me if I came by it dishonestly I had better tell him; I told him I came by it very honestly, that was not so, it was not left by my uncle; I had been up to London, and I found it in the main road upon Blackheath, about seven days before I came to Maidstone; I thought if I had it cried, somebody might own it, that had no more right to it than I; I carried it to Mr. Harris's to sell, and as they were strangers to me, I thought if I told them I found it they would stop it, and have it advertised, and so I have no recompence for finding it; my brother never saw me find it.

George Besford Guilty . Death .

Thomas Besford Acquitted .

583. (M.) James Warden was indicted for stealing two gallons of gin, value 3 s. and a wooden cask, value 4 d. the property of Thomas Shehan , July 25 . ++

Thomas Shehan . I am a victualler . On the 25th of July last, I was alarmed between two and three in the night; I came down stairs and found my door open; I found nothing amiss till about eight o'clock, then I missed a cag of gin; the day following a woman came to my house and told me a man offered her some gin to sell, and he was to call at three o'clock; I went about the time, and met the prisoner with a cag under his arm; I seized him and examined it, and found it to be gin; I asked him how he came by it; I cannot take upon me to say it was mine, there was no private mark upon it; he told me he found it in an empty house; I took him before the Justice, he was committed.

Q. How much did you lose?

Shekan. I might lose about two gallons; the prisoner had been a lodger in my house about three months before that; I never saw any thing ill of him in my life.

Q. What is the prisoner?

Shekan. He is a sailor .

Acquitted .

584. (M.) Mary wife of Peter Ambery , was indicted for stealing four linen aprons, value 5 s. one linen shift, value 4 s. four handkerchiefs, value 2 s. a pair of cotton hose, and a linen towel , the property of James Stafford , Sept. 1 . ++

Mrs. Stafford. I am wife to James Stafford ; the prisoner worked for me almost three years, I take in washing. On the 25th of August I missed a shift, on the 1st of September I lost an apron; I went to a pawnbroker's near the prisoner's house, I asked for a shift and apron pledged in her name; the pawnbroker refused producing them without the prisoner herself was there; then I went for an officer. After that we found an apron, not that which I had then missed; I went and fetched the prisoner from my house to the pawnbroker's, then the pawnbroker found four handkerchiefs; I found the stockings at the prisoner's house; she would not own to the other two aprons.

John Mead . I live with Mr. Paine, a pawnbroker in Bow-street near Bloomsbury, (the shift, two aprons, and four handkerchiefs produced,) these I took in of the prisoner at the bar in her name at different times, (deposed to by prosecutrix.)

Prisoner's defence.

I beg the court will be as merciful as they can.

Guilty 10 d. W .

585. (M.) Thomas Miller was indicted for stealing a piece of green tammy, value 20 s. the property of John Arkley , August 26 . ++

John Arkley . I am a dyer , and live in Old-street. On the 24th of August the prisoner was brought to my house by five of my men in the morning, with a piece of green tammy my property, taken from the drying-ground belonging to me in Islington fields; I had had a suspicion of the prisoner before; on the 23d of August I ordered my men to look out, to see if they could see any thing put in the same place where some had been secreted before; they came and informed me there was a piece put there; I ordered five of them to go and watch it, and see who took it; the next morning the 24th, they came and told me the prisoner was the person that came and took it away; the prisoner worked for me.

John Williams . On the 23d of August I was in the field; the prisoner came and fetched the piece away from out of a hog-stie, where it lay hid; we pursued and took him, and found in his bag a piece of green tammy.

Prisoner's defence.

I saw it lie there, I thought it belonged to my master; I took it, and thought of taking it to my master again.

He called William Butler , Thomas Odham , Caleb Gibson , Nicholas Walker , John Francis , Tho Bates , William Taylor , and - Gibbs, who gave him a good character.

Guilty . T .

586. (M.) Elizabeth wife of Thomas Cheesman , was indicted for stealing 10 s. in money numbered , the property of John Lishman , August 21 . ++

Acquitted .

587. (M.) Elias Tippet , Gent. was indicted for falsly forging a counterfeit bill of exchange, with the name William Holmes subscribed there-unto, for the payment of 12 l. 5 s. and for uttering and publishing it as true, well knowing it to have been forged, with intention to defraud William King , August 1 . *

The fact was proved, but as it was set forth in the indictment with these words to be (in words and figures following) by comparing the indictment with the bill, one word was left out and another falsly spelt, he was Acquitted .

588. (M.) Lucy Smith , otherwise Lucy Locket , spinster , was indicted for stealing a pair of silver shoe-buckles, value 10 s. a pair of metal knee-buckles, plaited with silver, value 10 d. one metal stock-buckle, one satten hat-band, one crystal stone hat-buckle, and 7 s. 6 d. in money numbered , the property of Samuel Sutton . ++

Samuel Sutton . I had been drinking near Black Boy-alley till it was too late to get into my lodging; the prisoner proffered me her bed, and said I should be very safe; I went with her into Black Boy-alley , and gave her a shilling for the use of her bed; when I awaked she was gone, and the things mentioned in the indictment; I went to go out, and the lower door was padlocked, an old woman let me out; when I found the prisoner she had my satten hat-band about her neck, I never found the other things.

Samuel Lee . I am a constable; the prosecutor described the prisoner, so that I knew her and took her up; he knew her at the first coming to her; he owned the thing about her neck, and shewed me an ollet hole in it which he said his wife had worked.

Prisoner's defence.

He gave me a shilling to carry him to a room, I did, and left him, and went to Bartholomew-fair again; what I had about my neck was an old black silk handkerchief, it is now in pawn for 6 d.

Acquitted .

589. (M.) George Lovell , otherwise Gipsey George , was indicted on the coroner's inquest for feloniously killing and slaying Richard Berry , July 29 . ++

John Barber . I live in Tottenham-court-road. On the 29th of July about eleven o'clock, I was told two Irish chairmen were going to fight, I went to see them; while they were fighting the ring was broke; one man was very busy to keep it in order; the prisoner and he had some words; I saw the prisoner afterwards, and heard him say he would fight the man that had struck him; when the battle was over he fought after the man, the man was met with; a man called to the deceased and said, will you fight this man; he answered he would; the prisoner and he stripped and went into the ring, and went to fighting; at the beginning I thought the deceased had the best of it, the prisoner missed several blows; it was thought to be a very fair battle, no advantage was taken; the deceased gave out; the prisoner jumped up seemingly with joy, and was going out of the ring; the deceased's second desired him to have the other touch; he got up, and the prisoner returned to fight; after about two or three blows the deceased fell, and he died I believe in about half an hour.

Richard Porter , James Stone , and Patrick Dogan , deposed to the same purport.

Prisoner's defence.

I don't deny fighting with the man.

Guilty Manslaughter . B . Imp .

590. (L.) Robert Woodman was indicted for wilful and corrupt perjury, in an affidavit taken in Doctors Commons to take out a licence to solemnize marriage between him and Catherine Hill, spinster, that he knew no lawful impediment, when in truth and in fact he knew she was the wife of Ezekiel Shepherd . *

Ezekiel Shepherd . I was born in North America, and lived almost all my time in Philadelphia; I am turned of forty-one years of age; I married that gentlewoman (pointing to the woman in question) in Philadelphia, her name was Catherine Hill; I was married to her at Whickeroe at the Swedish church, by Mr. Oliver Leanie , August the 20th, 1755; we lived together pretty near twelve years; before we came to England I carried on the trade of a joiner ; I had one child by her, and buried it at four years old in Philadelphia, it died of the small-pox; I have been in England about two years and a half, I boarded with her mother in Wood-street, named Christian Hill; we came to enquire after my wife's sister-in-law, named Elizabeth Wilkes , in Grub-street, there we lived some time as man and wife; I became acquainted with the prisoner within two weeks of my first coming, he served part of his time in Wapping to my wife's brother; we took a house in East-Smithfield, and lived there almost six months; the prisoner lived in Plough-alley, my house was in his way as he went to his business; I did not know that they were so great; I was sued for my board by my wife's sister and her friends, the prisoner was one of my bail, he was diving farther than I imagined he was; they have destroyed my certificate among them; my wife told me I must not be angry, she was going to a relation's, and did not know she should come home that night; I said, I desire you will; she set off, and did not return; I went to Wilkes's, that was the 24th of May was twelve months; said Mrs. Wilkes, how do you do, bachelor; said I, what do you mean; said she, your wife is gone to live with Mr. Woodman, and you had better let her go her own way, for you will never do no good with her; I, like a poor cuckold, could really lose my life for her; still I thought I had better get something than nothing; I said to the old woman her mother, if I had as much money as would pay my passage back again, I would go back; said the old woman, I will give you money and a watch, and a suit of clothes, and you shall go handsomely back; thinks I this will do, she was to meet me at twelve o'clock; I said, where is Kitty; said the old woman, do not ask about her, poor creature, she fainted away, and I sent for a doctor to bleed her; when I saw her, she said she never would live with me, take what my mother has offered you, you had better take something now, for if you do not you never will get any thing; then the old woman said, I must trust her for 16 l. and the money for a watch, which she was to give me; I said, I would not trust her for a farthing; said she, will you trust Mr. Woodman; I said, yes, I would; then he came; your servant, Mr. Hill; then to my wife, you are very good, madam, I will oblige you with any thing in the world; said the old woman, I have agreed for him to go to America, let him take his chance; I agreed for a note for 30 l. which they gave me; then they would have a pot of beer; then I said to my wife, take care that you do not go to the old boy headlong; then Woodman said to my wife, so I understand you are a single woman now; yes, said she; will you have me, said he; yes, said she; I said, take her and welcome, shall I give her away; said he, I have one that will do that: the next morning I heard they were married at Aldgate church.

Acquitted .

The trials being ended, the court proceeded to give judgment as follows:

Received sentence of Death, 9.

James Wallace , Hannah Smith , Richard Slocombe , Joseph Walldock , James Dollanson , Robert Paterson , James Mace , Richard Holt , and George Besford .

Hannah Smith pleaded her belly, and a jury of matrons were empannelled, and brought in their verdict, Not Quick.

Transportation for 14 years, 1.

Cornelius Slavin .

Transportation for 7 years, 34.

Charles Gay , John Offer , William Garton , Mary Knight , William Vickers , Rowland Jones , James Whittaker , James Norris , Moses Spencer , Charles Morgan , Anne Saunders, John Turpin, Thomas Meliori , Jeremiah Cox , Sarah Kirk , John Griffiths , John Ingledou , Edward Wood , Alexander Gordon, John Dupree , William Stuart, Robert Kite, John Jarlet , Leonard Peter , Casaler de Beaufort, Sarah Tine , Mary Fox , Elizabeth Bowen , John Lewis , John Barnard , Catherine Bedford , Charles Gouge , James Cox , Matthias Handing , and Thomas Miller .

Branded, 6.

Mary Evans , Luke Ludgater , Francis Bush , Joshua Chapiler , otherwise Chappeler, Mary Smith , and George Lovell , otherwise Gipsey George, the latter to be imprisoned six months in Newgate.

Whipped, 10.

Margaret Martin , John Brown, Thomas Manning , Thomas Goodwin , James King , William Milner , William Richardson, Andrew Wright, Mary Ambery , and John Ryan , the latter publicly 100 yards in Tower-street.

John Foster and James Jarrat sentence respited, them latter being ill, since dead.

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