Old Bailey Proceedings Online (www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 6.0, 21 April 2014), April 1767 (17670429).

Old Bailey Proceedings, 29th April 1767.

THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS ON THE KING's COMMISSIONS of the PEACE, OVER and TERMINER, and GOAL DELIVERY FOR THE CITY of LONDON; And also the GOAL DELIVERY FOR THE COUNTY of MIDDLESEX, HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL in the OLD-BAILEY, On Wednesday the 29th, Thursday the 30th, of APRIL, and Friday the 1st, and Saturday the 2d, of MAY,




Printed for J WILKIE, at the Bible, in St. Paul's Church-Yard,

[Price Six-Pence.]


King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Goal Delivery held for the City of LONDON, &c.

Before the Right Hon. Sir ROBERT KITE , Knt. Lord-Mayor of the City of London; the Right Hon. Lord MANSFIELD, Lord Chief Justice of his Majesty's Court of King's Bench *; the Hon. Sir SYDNEY STAFFORD SMYTHE ; Knt. one of the Barons of his Majesty's Court of Exchequer +; the Hon. HENRY BATHURST , one of his Majesty's Justices of the Court of Common Pleas ||; JAMES EYRE , Esq; Recorder ++; and others of his Majesty's justices of Oyer and Terminer of the said City and County.

N. B. The characters * + || ++ direct to the judge by whom the prisoner was tried; also (L.) (M.) by what jury.


Thomas Whitton ,

John Carter ,

Samuel Cheeswright ,

John Butcher ,

Richard Davis ,

William Kersill ,

John Hawkins ,

Leonard Venham ,

John Greenwood ,

John Johnson ,

John Dennis ,

Thomas Rogers .


Thomas Nicholl ,

John Hayley ,

Joseph Finch ,

Edward Franklin ,

Thomas Walter ,

William Cox ,

Luke Angell ,

William Mash ,

Tho Lightwood ,

John Evans ,

Benjamin Gee ,

Peter Sharpley .

188. (M.) John Hill was indicated for stealing a live cock, value 1 s. and seven live hens, value 7 s. the property of Randal Lawrence , March 26 . ||

Randal Lawrence. I live at Bromley . On the 26th of March I missed a live cock and seven hens, out of a shed near my house; I saw them again in about two days after in the possession of Mr. Bone the constable, the prisoner was then in New Prison; I saw him when he came to be examined before the Justice; I never saw him in my life before to my knowledge.

Matthews. I am a watchman. As I was in Stepney church-yard, the prisoner came by with a bag on his back; I said a good morning to you (this was about a quarter before two o'clock, on the 26th of last month); I asked him what he had got, he said nothing but cloaths; I saw part of the fowls heads and legs hang out, and heard the hens make a noise; I said they are comical cloaths to talk; I took hold of him, and took the fowls and him to the watch house; there were seven hens and a cock, and a ripping chissel in the bag (produced in court). Then he said a man gave him the fowls at Mile-end; I asked him who that friend of his was; he said he did not know him; he fell down on his knees, and begged I would let him go.

Charles Bone . Matthews brought the fowls and two bags with the prisoner to me, I being the officer of the night, on the 26th of March; there were six of the fowls alive and two dead. Two days after we found they belonged to Mr. Lawrence; he came and owned them.

Prosecutor. They were all with a piece of blue bays on the leg; they have them on now.

The prisoner said nothing in his defence.

Guilty . T .

189. (M.) Henry Ellaker was indicted for stealing three linen shirts, value 10 s. one pair of worsted stockings, value 2 s. one tin pot, value 4 d. one silver tea-spoon, value 2 s. and one iron padlock, value 1 s. the property of Thomas Jones , Feb. 27 . ++

Anne Jones . I am wife to Thomas Jones; we lived in the parish of Twickenham , when the things mentioned in the indictment were taken away. On the 27th of February, between seven and eight in the evening, there was the prisoner and one Marathy, who belonged to a boat lying by our house, they were in my house; they quarrelled with one Walker that is since dead, and fought. I received a blow on the side of my head, on which account I could not get up soon in the morning; when I came down stairs, Walker brought in the things mentioned, except the spoon and padlock, which he said he had found; the prisoner and his companion were then gone.

Q. When did you take the prisoner up?

Jones. He was taken up about a week after.

Q. Should you have taken him up if you had not received that blow?

Jones. I believe I should not.

Acquitted .

190. (M.) John Jones was indicted for stealing three linen shirts, value 5 s. two pair of worsted stockings, value 2 s. the property of John M'Knaught , March 1 . *

John M'Knaught. The prisoner lodged in the same house where I did; I lost three shirts and two pair of stockings; the prisoner left his lodgings at the time, but I do not know that he took them.

John Robinson . The prosecutor lost three shirts, and when the prisoner was taken he had some, but the prosecutor could not swear to them.

Acquitted .

191. (M.) John Cooper was indicted for stealing 20 pounds weight of cheese, value 6 s. the property of John Pitaway , privately in his shop , March 4 . *

John Pitaway . On the 4th of March, about half an hour after seven o'clock, I went out of the shop down below; when I came into the shop again, John Makin came in and asked me if I had lost any thing; saying. he saw a man hand out two half Cheshire cheeses; I looked, and missed them; he described the man and his dress to me, with a red waistcoat, a woollen cap on, and a sort of jockey cap over it, with a dirty apron on; I described his dress to the watchman, and he took the prisoner up.

John Makin . I was coming along Portland street, it wanted about a quarter of eight in the evening; I saw the prisoner standing at the prosecutor's door, and a boy was at the corner of the shop; the shop has two fronts, being at a corner. I saw the prisoner go into the shop and take out two half cheeses, and give them to the boy; I saw a boy standing at a little distance; I went and told him of it, and desired him to come with me to go after them, instead of that he went off another way; then I went to the shop, the prosecutor came up into it; I told him what I had seen; we went two different ways to see for them, but could not find them; the next day I saw the prisoner in Argyle-buildings; I had described him to the prosecutor, and he to the watchman, who took the prisoner up; I am sure the prisoner is the man.

The prisoner said nothing in his defence.

He called two women, one had known him ten years, and the other eight, who said they never knew any ill by him.

Guilty 4 s. 10 d. T .

192, 193. (M.) Richard Leach was indicted, for that he on the 18th of March , between the hours of seven and eight in the night, the dwelling-house of Charles Churcher did burglariously break and enter, and stealing 40 yards of woollen cloth called Wilton cloth, value 6 l. the property of Charles Churcher and Richard Griffin ; and Charles Merrit for receiving the same, well knowing it to have been stolen . *

Charles Churcher . I never saw the prisoners till I saw them before Sir John Fielding ; my partner Richard Griffin first missed the goods mentioned; then we observed a pane of glass taken out of the window, and the cloth mentioned in the indictment, which had been lying near the window, was taken away; we went to Sir John Fielding , and had hand-bills dispersed about; the next morning I went to Monmouth-street, and asked at shops if any body had been about with such cloth to sell; I was informed there had been a young fellow offering such to sell, and the person could know him again; and if he saw him he said he would secure him, which he did the next morning, and let me know. I went; we took him before Sir John Fielding , there he confessed the fact, and said there were three of them concerned; he is admitted an evidence, his name is Blackmore, he gave an account of a Jew; we had an order from Sir John to go after him, but he has slipt away, and we cannot find him.

Q. Can you sell the time the goods were taken away?

Churcher. They were taken away about half an hour after seven o'clock in the evening, on the 18th of March; I came in soon after that time and they were gone, and they were lying there but a little before, there were 40 yards of it.

Q. Where does your partner live?

Churcher. He lives in Drury-lane; he is not here.

John Blackmore . About half an hour after seven o'clock on that Wednesday night, Leach and I went to the prosecutors window; he broke the window, and took out a piece of white cloth, it measured 16 yards and a half; he gave it to me, and I went away with it, and in the mean time he took out two more pieces, and brought them to me; then he went and fetched another piece. I went to his house, then we went and took all the cloth down to Mrs. Nursey's shop; we offered to sell it her at 9 d. a yard, she would not buy it; we sold her a little bit that was cut off from a piece for 13 d. 1/2, then we went home to Leach's house, and staid there all night; the next morning Merrit took the cloth, and sold it to a Jew for 18 d. a yard; we had 1 l. 17 s. for it, and drank two or three pots of beer together.

Q. What is Merrit?

Blackmore. He is one of our gang; he has been tried two or three times; but he was not with us when we took the cloth.

Merrit. I am a watchmaker by trade, I never was tried here.

Blackmore. It was at Hicks's-hall; he once was an evidence here.

Mrs. Nursey. The evidence, and a person like the prisoner Leach, came to my shop, they offered me this small piece of cloth; (produced in court.) It was then wet and dirty; I then took it to be flannel; I bought it of them; after that they produced more, I refused buying any of it; I then suspected it was not honestly come by, and was sorry I had bought this piece.

Court to prosecutor. Look at this cloth.

Prosecutor. I believe it to be part of the cloth that was stole from us; I have compared it, and it agrees with the pattern.

Leach's defence.

I never saw Merrit in my life, till before Sir John Fielding ; as for the cloth I never saw it.

William Parn . I accidently dropt in here, and the prisoner Leach calls upon me to give him a character; I have known him from a child, his father and mother were very honest people, but I have nothing to say in behalf of the prisoner.

Merrit's defence.

This evidence Blackmore, was evidence against me at Guildhall Westminster, about some china, but he could not say any thing against me; he told Sir John Fielding , he never saw me and Leach together; I never saw the cloth in my life.

Leach Guilty . Death .

Merrit Guilty . T. 14 years .

194. (M.) Charles Manwarring was indicted for stealing a silver watch, value 5 l. the property of William Olive . *

William Olive . I wanted a service, and the prisoner picked me up at Charing-cross, to take me to a gentleman; he took me in at an ale-house, this was on Easter Monday; there came two men into the room; they said, here are a couple of gentlemen doing business, and were going out; the prisoner said, we are not about any business; then they sat down; after some little time he handed our rum and water to them, and they their porter to us. I was to meet the gentleman the prisoner said at one o'clock; I was looking at my watch to see the time of the day, he snatched it out of my hand; one of the other men took me to the door, pretending he wanted to speak with me; in the mean time the prisoner and the other man made off, out at another door, the prisoner took my watch with him: I happened to see him on the Wednesday after, peeping into a silversmith's shop in Fleet-street.

Matthew Yeandle . I live at Wandsworth; I was coming by St. Dunstan's church, there I saw the prosecutor have the prisoner by the collar; he said to him, what have you done with my watch you took from me on Monday; there were another fellow or two began to hustle the countryman about, who had got a bundle in his hand; I thought they wanted that; I said to the prisoner, you shall not go away; the other fellows said, then take him into an ale-house; I said no, he should not; they said he should; I called a coach to take him before a magistrate; the door was open; one of the fellows set himself against the door, and said he should not go in; I said he should; at last with assistance we got him and the other man in, we carried them to the Mansion-house; but my Lord-Mayor being engaged, we carried them to the Compter, and after that before my Lord-Mayor; there I said to the prisoner, it appears you are got into a bad gang, you had better impeach and save yourself; he told me he would, and I acquainted my Lord-Mayor with it; but my Lord would not admit him an evidence, as he was the principal in this affair, after that I went with the countryman to the alehouse; there were two doors, he shewed me which door the prisoner ran out at, while one of the men took him to the other.

Prisoner's defence.

I never saw the prosecutor in my life, till I met him in Fleet-street; he said, you defrauded me of my watch; I said you are an impudent rascal, I never saw you before; people came and pulled me about, and forced me into a coach at last; I was with a friend on Easter Monday, the time he says he lost his watch; I was with him till three, then we took a walk up to Marybone.

For the prisoner.

Charles Warburton . The prisoner was with me from nine in the morning till eleven at night, on Easter Monday; he went out with me to Marybone, and from thence we came and drank a couple of pots of beer, at the Three Tuns, by the Seven Dials; then we went home to my lodgings, in Crown Court; we staid there till seven, then we went to the Crown, and staid there till between eleven and twelve.

Francis Richmond . The prisoner was a shoemaker , I worked for him; I never knew any ill of him in my life.

Guilty . T .

See him tried before, in company with Trout, for a crime of the same nature, No 23, 24, in this mayoralty.

195. James Finch was indicted for stealing five pieces of leather, cut for soles of shoes, value 5 s. the property of Benjamin Sterry and Co.

To which be pleaded Guilty .

[Branding. See summary.]

196. 197. (L.) Patrick Chaff and George Claxton , were indicted for stealing a silk handkerchief, value 2 s. the property of Martin Tomkins , April 4 . ++

Martin Tomkins . I was walking along by the Change , on Saturday the 4th instant, about one o'clock at noon; a man came and told me my pocket was picked; I felt and missed my handkerchief; he went and brought Claxton to me; he bid me take hold of him, and he would go and fetch the other; I took him into an apothecary's shop; he brought me two-more, but one of them was discharged; my handkerchief was found under Claxton, in the shop.

William Goodwin . I and John Palmer a brother porter, observed the two prisoners and another man, going backwards and forwards by the 'Change, last Saturday was three weeks, between one and two o'clock; we watched them, and saw them make motions at several gentlemens pockets, but they got nothing; the prosecutor was coming along, his pocket happened to be a little open; just before he came to the pastry cook's shop, we saw Chaff take his handkerchief out of his pocket, and give it to Claxton; Palmer catched hold of them both, and we took the third person, but he was discharged before my Lord-Mayor; they were taken into an apothecary's shop, and the handkerchief was found under Claxton; (produced and deposed to by prosecutor.)

Chaff's defence.

I never saw this lad (meaning Claxton) in my life, before they took hold of me; I work for Mr. Roberts a basket-maker.

Claxton's defence.

I have nobody at all to appear for my character; I work at White Friars glass-house ; I took the handkerchief myself. I know nothing of this other lad.

Both Guilty . T .

198. (M.) Mary Dilkill , otherwise Dolkill , was indicted for stealing two linen shifts, value 2 s. five linen aprons, value 4 s. one pair of ruffles, value 1 s. one linen handkerchief, value 6 d. one pair of cotton stockings, value 1 s. and half a yard of thread lace, value 3 d. the property of Richard Merriot , April 24 . +

Richard Merriot . I am servant to Governor Peachy; I have a room to myself, the prisoner was a servant in the house; the things mentioned were taken out of my room; I cannot swear to the linen, but my wife's sister is here, she can. The things were found in the prisoner's box; she was turned away, but not upon this account.

Catharine Taylor . My sister was wife to the prosecutor; she is dead; I was by at the searching the prisoner's box; (the goods produced in court) these things were all found in her box, I know the shifts and aprons are the prosecutor's property.

Margaret Williams . I was by at the searching the prisoner's box; the prosecutor's wife was my aunt; the shifts, aprons, ruffles, and cotton stockings, I know to be the prosecutor's property.

John Osbourn . I am the officer; I saw the prisoner's box searched, and these things taken out.

The prisoner said nothing in her defence.

Guilty . T .

200. (M.) Thomas Donnelly was indicted for stealing a pair of silver knee-buckles, value 4 s. a pair of chrystal sleeve-buttons set in silver, value 2 s. the property of John Lacuse ; and 41 l. 10 s. 6 d. the property of Clement Corderoy , privately from the person of the said John , April 5 . +

John Lacuse . I am apprentice to Mr. Clement Corderoy , who makes irons for saddle-trees, and lives in Lower Thames-street. On Sunday night, the 5th of April last, I lay at the King's Head, Covent Garden . I had 40 l. 19 s. of my master's, in a canvas bag, in one pocket, and the knee-buckles and sleeve buttons in the other pocket. I awaked about five in the morning, and found the things gone; I went down and acquainted the man with it, and went to bed again, but could not rest; then I came down again. The man at the bar said there was a chairman in the house, that he suspected had robbed me; he advised me to go to Sir John Fielding for a search warrant. I got one; when I came back again, the prisoner was seen to go into the King's Arms, Princes-street; we went in and took him there, and took him to the Brown Bear , in Bow-street, and on searching him we found 34 l. 12 s. 6 d. in his pocket, and my knee-buckles in his breeches, and sleeve-buttons in his shirt sleeves. I can swear to the knee-buckles to be my property; the buttons are of the same sort as mine, and I believe them to be the same I lost; but as there are many of the same sort, I do not swear to them. We took the prisoner to Sir John Fielding, who committed him to Clerkenwell Bridewell.

Q. How came you to lie at the King's Head that night?

Lacuse. I was trusted with that money of my master's, and I very imprudently lay out.

Q. What had you to do at the King's Head, Covent-Garden?

Lacuse. I had spent some of the money, and I was afraid to go home again.

Q. When had you received that money for your master?

Lacuse. I had received it a fortnight before.

Q. Had you been from your master all that time?

Lacuse. I had.

Q. Was you sober when you went to bed?

Lacuse. I was, and am sure I had the money then.

Q. What is that King's Head?

Lacuse. It is a night-house.

Q. Had you seen the prisoner in that house before?

Lacuse. I had, two or three times.

Q. Where did you put the money when you went to bed?

Lacuse. I put it under my pillow in my breeches, and went to bed about ten o'clock.

Q. How long have you served of your time?

Lacuse. I have served about two years and a half.

Joseph Stevenson . I am an officer. About the 5th of April the prosecutor came to me with a warrant, and said he had been robbed by a man that went by the name of Tom the Sailor. I knew him very well; he is a chairman, and plyed at the corner of Russel-street. Going along, I saw him dressed in a new coat and waistcoat; this was between ten and eleven o'clock in the forenoon. He was watched, and seen to go in at the King's Arms in Princes-street; there I went and took him, and carried him to the Brown Bear in Bow-street; and upon searching him I found 34 l. 12 s. 6 d. upon him, and these knee buckles in his breeches, and sleeve-buttons in his sleeves. I took him over to Sir John Fielding , and he committed him to Bridewell.

Prisoner's defence.

I found the money and thingunder my foot at the King's Head; I lodged here.

Guilty of stealing, but not privately from is person T .

201. (M.) James Simpson was indicted for stealing three silver table-spoons, value 15 s. one silver ladle, value 5 s. and 7 l. 10 s. in money numbered, the property of John Free , in the dwelling house of the said John , March. +

John Free . I keep a public-house in street. by Piccadilly . On the 10th of May I was going to draw some beer, I thou heard something up stairs. I went up way, and meet the prisoner coming down I said, What are you at there? He said, No arm; he wanted a taylor. I took him by coat, and we came down. I said we have no tylors here. He opened his coat, and said I have not robbed you of any thing. I said I intend to see that, and he should not go till I was satisfied. He said I should not hinder him. I called assistance, and took him backwards. I then went up stairs, and missed seven guineas, and the other things mentioned in the indictment. I came down, and put my hand to his waistcoat pocket; then he took the spoons and ladle out of his coat pocket, and laid them on the table. I said I missed seven guineas. He took some money out and laid it on the table; some of the people counted it, and there were but six. I said there must be more; he then took out more, which when counted wanted 6 d. we found the 6 d. upon the stairs afterwards, which I suppose dropt out of the papers. They were in silver and small gold, ready for change.

Joseph Lane. I was in at Mr. Free's house, I heard him cry out three or four times, officer; I went to him, he had the prisoner by his coat in the passage; he said the man had been up stairs, and he did not know whether he had robbed him or not. We took him into the back room; then Mr. Free went up stairs and came down again, and said he had been robbed of seven pounds, seven shillings, three spoons, and a silver ladle; then the prisoner took the spoons, ladle and money, out of his pocket.

John Osbourn . I was sent for by Mr. Freeto take charge of the prisoner; before I came there, all these things were delivered up. I searched him, and found these two picklocks upon him. (Produced in court.)

Prisoner's defence.

There was another man up stairs; I was taken with a fit of trembling; I asked that man to lend me his coat, which he did; in the hurry he got away, and I found them keys in the coat pocket, and the money also.

Prosecutor. The prisoner took one guinea out of his breeches pocket, and the other out of his waistcoat pocket

Lane I saw him take the money out of his waistcoat pocket, all but one guinea, which he took out of his breeches pocket.

Guilty . Death

202. (M.) Mary Bartlett , spinster , was indicted for stealing two pair of leather slippers, value 7 s. the property of William Clements , privately in his shop . Feb. 23 . +

William Clements. I am a shoemaker , and live in the Strand . On the 23d of February I was in my parlour, and left the other evidence in the shop; he came backwards to me, and in the mean time somebody opened the door. My wife said, Run; then Webb ran out, and took the prisoner with the two pair of slippers, my property upon her. (Produced in court.)

Edward Webb . I was journeyman to the prosecutor; I went backwards to my master, somebody was heard to come into the shop; I ran out and catched the prisoner, before she got four yards from the shop door, with these slippers in her right hand. I took hold of her; she threw the slippers down; I brought her and them in, and know them to be my master's property.

Prisoner's defence.

I was coming by and picked them up from the ground; I was not in the shop at all; I am a glove-maker .

Guilty 4 s. 10 d. T .

203. (M.) Frances, wife of Rice Williams , was indicted for stealing a feather-bed, value 18 s. a copper tea-kettle, value 12 d. the property of David Morgan , the same being in a certain lodging room lett by contract , &c. March 18 . +

David Morgan . I live in St. Clement's-lane . I lett the prisoner a lodging ready furnished; the goods mentioned in the indictment were part of the furniture. She left her lodgings on the 18th of March, we opened the door and missed the things. She sent a letter to let me know where the things were; I found them accordingly, at Mr. Price's in Clare market. I took her up, and she owned she had taken them before Sir John Fielding .

Q. Do you know the prisoner's hand-writing?

Morgan. No, I do not.

Mary his wife confirmed the evidence he had given.

Mr. Price. I live in College-street, Clare-market. I took in the bed of Elizabeth Cross and another woman, but I cannot be certain it was the prisoner. There was also a tea-kettle which the prosecutor owned, out I do not know who brought it. I went to the prisoner's husband, who is a surgeon in the Hay-market, and he said he would send his brother to me to settle the affair.

Eliz. Cross. I lodge in Mr. Morgan's house. The prisoner desired me to go with her, help carry the bed to Mr. Price's, which I did, and she took the money for it. I never saw her husband till yesterday in my life.

Catharine Taylor . The prisoner told me she had pawned the bed for 18 s. and the tea-kettle for 1 s. at Mr. Price's. I have seen the prisoner write, and know her hand-writing. (She takes the letter in her hand) This is her own hand-writing.

It is read in court, to this purport:

" I find the door of my room is opened; the

"bed is at Mr. Price's, Clare-market, for 18 s.

"and the tea-kettle for 1 s. I have done all in

"my power to get them out, but cannot. I hope

"Mr. Williams will not let me be transported,

"for it was for real want, &c. &c."

Prisoner's defence.

I pawned the bed myself; I desired that woman to carry it for me. I had rather go abroad than stay in England.

Guilty . T .

204. (M.) David Roberts was indicted for stealing a gold watch, value 10 l. and a silver watch, value 3 l. the property of Robert Ireland , in the dwelling house of the said Robert , Dec. 23 . +

Robert Ireland . I keep the White Bear inn, Piccadilly . On the 23d of December I lost a gold watch and a silver watch, which we had hung up at the bed's head. I went to Sir John Fielding , and had some hand-bills dispersed about, and the silver watch was brought the next day; the gold one was not brought till the prisoner was committed for another crime, which was about two months after.

Q. Did you know the prisoner before?

Ireland. No, I did not.

Mar y Ireland. I am wife to the prosecutor. The gold watch was mine; it was missing from the bed's head with the other. I never saw the prisoner till after he was in custody.

John Hill. The last day of February, a person came with an order to fetch out a gold laced hat that was pledged at our house. I said, we do not deliver things If the person comes that brought them. Then was informed the person that brought it was in Clerkenwell Bridewell, named David Roberts . I knowing one David Roberts had pledged a god watch, went to see him, and found him to be the same person that I took it in of; then I went to Sir John Fielding , and gave information of it; it was pledged the 26th of December. The prisoner had used our house before. (Produced and deposed to by prosecutor and wife.)

Nathaniel Brown . On the 23d of December, I took in her watch of a person that went by the name of Philips. On the 24th there was an advertisement describing the watch, then I went to Sir John Fielding with it, and the prosecutor came and owned (produced and deposed to.) The person that brought made a different appearance from what the prisoner does now; the prisoner is like him in make an, but I cannot swear that he is the man.

Prisoner's defence.

I never knew where Mr. Ireland lived. As to the gold watch, I found it in the Green Park, wrapt up in a red handkerchief; I kept it some time, and not seeing it advertised, I went and pledged it. I lived with the Earl of Shrewsbury three years.

Guilty . Death .

There was another indictment against him for stealing a quantity of wearing apparel.

205. (M.) Samuel Allison was indicted for stealing a watch, with the outside case tortoise-shell and the inside gold, the property of Grace Hall , spinster , in the dwelling-house of the said Grace , March 3 . ||

Grace Hall . I live in Darby-court, Piccadilly . On the 3d of March I lost a watch, as described in the indictment, out of my bed-chamber. I went to Sir John Fielding on the Thursday, and had hand-bills dispersed about. The prisoner lodged in my house, and he went away on the Sunday morning without giving me any notice; he is a carpenter by trade. After I had missed the watch, he came again and paid me for his lodging; I told him I had lost my watch, but he would not own any thing of it, neither would he when Mr. Davidson produced it.

Mr. Davidson. I am a pawnbroker. I think it was on Tuesday, March the 4th, the prisoner came into my shop, there was a glazier putting in a pane of glass in the door; the prisoner stood in the shop near an hour. I asked him what he wanted; he said he would tell me presently. After that I asked him again if he wanted any thing particular; he said no. After some time he took out this watch, (produced and deposed to by prosecutrix) and said he wanted three guineas and a half upon it. I said, is it your own; he said no, it is Mr. Burton's, a plumber in the Strand. I took it in and after he was gone, I looked out and saw him standing with some paviours near Mr. Burton's door, which gave me to believe he had told me the truth. On the Thursday in the evening I received a bill from Sir John Fielding. describing the watch; then I went to Mr. Burton, and asked him if he sent a man with such a watch to me; he said no. I said, is there such a young man lives with you; he said there was a young man lived with him, but he was gone out, and when he came in he would send for me. After that I was sent for, but neither I or my wife could be certain to him. We went to Sir John Fielding's to know where the watch was lost from; about ten minutes after came Mr. Burton's young man, who said he had found out where Mrs. Hall lives, and he would go with me to see if he was the person. When we came there, she said she had a suspicion of one Allison that had lodged there; we went and found him working in his business. The prisoner said he was very sorry, and hoped I would be favourable in my evidence.

Prisoner's defence.

I never saw Mr. Davidson before I saw him at Sir John Fielding 's. I told Mrs. Hall I was going away, and when I went again for my box, she told me her watch was gone. I said I knew nothing of it.

Prosecutrix. One night before he told me he should go away, but at the time of going away he did not.

For the prisoner.

Richard Allison . I am the prisoner's brother, I am a hair-dresser. The prosecutrix told me she had the watch in the house on the Tuesday morning.

Prosecutrix. I believe I had it on the Tuesday morning, after he went away on the Sunday.

Mr. Steadman. The prisoner has been in town five months, he worked for Mr. Pilewood, a carpenter in Piccadilly, who gave me a good account of the prisoner, as to his behaviour.

Guilty 39 s. T .

206. 207. (M.) William Elliott and John Benham , were indicted, for that they on the 13th of March , about the hour of two in the night, the dwelling-house of James Bramble did break and enter, and stealing eight iron pots, value 8 s. one iron cheek, value 6 d. one iron trevet, value 1 s. and three hanging irons, value 1 s the property of the said James, in the dwelling-house of the said James . ||

James Bramble . I am a blacksmith and ironmonger , and live in Oxford-street . On the 13th of March I went to bed about ten o'clock. after all my people were in bed, and the house was all made fast, and early in the morning the shutter of the kitchen window was broke; I have lately made it into a shop; I was alarmed by the watch between one and two; the watchmen informed me they had taken one of the men with one of the pots, and put him into Marybone watch-house; I went there and found it to be Elliott; he had worked with me about three weeks, about six months before; I then suspected the other prisoner, by reason I had seen them together at times: I went and got a search-warrant, and found the rest of the things mentioned in the indictment which I had missed, in Benham's room, under his bed.

Q. from Elliot. How did I behave when I worked for you?

Bramble. I did not suspect him wronging me, but he was a drunken man, and would cause the others to neglect their business by drinking.

Q. from Benham. How long did I work for you?

Bramble. Benham worked for me about four months; I cannot lay any theft to his charge while with me.

Richard Parker . I am a watchman; betwixt one and two o'clock that night, Elliott came along with an iron pot on his shoulder; I asked where he was going; he said he was going home; I stopt him, and insisted upon knowing what he had got; he laid the pot down, and while I was looking at it, he made off from me: I went and took him by the collat, and called another watchman to my assistance; when I got him to the watch-house, he said he found the pot in the middle of the road.

John Vitu . I am a watchman; I assisted Parker after he had taken Elliott, after that I found Mr. Bramble's house broke open; I called him up, and told him we had sent the man to Marybone watch-house; he and I went to the watch-house, there Elliot said he found the pot in the middle of the road; Mr Bramble said it was his pot.

Q. to prosecutor. Are you sure to the pots?

Prosecutor. I am quite sure to them, that taken upon Elliott had a hole in it at the bottom.

Elliott's defence.

On the 14th of March, this young man (meaning Benham) and I, were going out to look for work, we were going towards Bristol; going up Oxford-road, I found a parcel of iron pots; I said, let us take them home; we each of us took one, and carried them to me; coming back again, we found the other in got; when Parker stopt me, I made no resistance, I intended the next morning to adverse them, that the right owner might have them.

Benham's defence the same.

Q. to prosecutor. When you found the pots in Benham's house, what did he say?

Prosecutor. Benham said he knew nothing of them, he did not know how they came there.

Both guilty . Death .

208. ( M.) Susanna Sherman , spinster, otherwise Susanna Clayton , spinster , was indicted for stealing a silver watch, value 15 s. two silk gowns, value 10 s. one linen gown, value 2 s. the property of Caleb Wheeler , March 1 . ||

Caleb Wheeler . I am a publican , the prisoner was my servant ; we missed her from her service, and in about two or three hours time we missed the things laid in the indictment (mentioning them by name;) this was on the first of March, we pursued and took her the same night, with the things upon her.

The prisoner said nothing in her defence.

Guilty . T .

209. (M.) Peter Price , otherwise Thrift, otherwise Church , was indicted for stealing a silver watch, value 40 s. the property of William Pritchard , privately from his person . March 15 . ||

William Pritchard . On the 15th of March I was in Russel-street, Covent-garden ; I knocked at Murphey's door between the hours of twelve and two in the morning; the prisoner came up to me, and said they will not let you in; then said I, I must go somewhere else; I was going to turn away, he struck me in the belly, and snatched away my watch; I said, you villain, you have got my watch; he said, who me, Sir; he held his hand behind him, to give it to two of his companions; he ran away, I pursued and overtook him, and pushed him down. I asked him for my watch; he said he had not got it. I charged the constable with him, and we were both put in the watch-house all night; after that a watchman brought in the watch with the glass broke; I paid him for finding it; he still denied that he ever had it; his hand was cut, and he said I cut it, but we found a knife in his pocket bloody.

Q. Are you sure he took the watch, or did you drop it in running?

Pritchard. I saw it as he took it from me.

John - I was constable of the night;

Mr. Pritchard brought the prisoner to the watch-house, and accused him with stealing his watch; I searched him, but could find no watch; I found a knife bloody in his pocket; I took the charge, and put him down in the hole, and the prosecutor had a bed; a little after a watchman, who is a very honest fellow, came in, and said he had searched about for the watch, and had found it lying up against a door; he produced it, the glass was broke; when Mr. Pritchard came down in the morning, I asked him the particulars of the watch; he told me the maker's name, seal, chain, and every particular; the prisoner told me his name was Church, but before Sir John Fielding the next morning he said it was Price.

Q. Was the prosecutor drunk or sober when he came first with the prisoner?

Constabie. He was far from being drunk, he might be a little chearful; he never varied from the account he first gave, the same he has mentioned here.

Prisoner's defence.

I know nothing at all of the watch, the gentleman has accused me wrongfully.

Guilty of stealing, but not privately from his person . T .

210 (M.) Charles Downe was indicted for stealing a silk waistcoat, value 10 s. a silk handkerchief, value 1 s. a silk and cotton ditto, value 2 s. two linen shirts, value 1 s. and 23 guineas, the property of Thomas Cragg , in the dwelling-house of Thomas Newlove , March 11 . ||

Thomas Cragg . I lodge in the Butcher-row , at the house of Mr. Newlove: on the 11th of March I went to the Custom-house, and when I came back I found my trunk open, two locks were broke; I missed a brocaded silk waistcoat, and two India handkerchiefs; I lost two shirts, but they were not in the trunk; the prisoner had lodged there two or three weeks, we had no mistrust of him, but thought somebody else had done it; on the Friday morning after, about two o'clock, I was betwixt sleeping and waking, I found there was somebody in my room; I cried, who is there; it is me, said the prisoner: I said, what do you want; be said, he wanted the chamber-pot; I said, that is not at the feet of the bed (where I found he was) it is up higher, but he never came to look for it, he went down and went away. We heard no more of him till the Saturday, then a man came and told me where he was; then I went and took him; I had missed 23 guineas out of my pocket that night, and when we took him he had 10 guineas, a 5 s. 3 d. piece. and two or three shillings upon him; he confessed it was my property, and that he had taken the money and things, but the man that he confessed it to is gone to the Indies. I did not hear it; he lodged in the same room I did, but in another bed.

Thomas Portal . I stopt a brocaded waistcoat upon the prisoner at the bar, he told me it was his own, it being much too big for him; although he brought two people to say it was his property, I could not believe them, and I stopt and advertised it, and when the prosecutor came and owned it I delivered it to him.

Hannah Parrot . I bought two old shirts of the prisoner at the bar, about the 10th or 11th of March; he said they were his own. (Produced and deposed to by prosecutor.)

Elizabeth Newlove The waistcoat was delivered to me at the Justice's; I had a little business to do, and I gave it my uncle to take home, and he had put it into his drawer, but it has since been taken away by somebody; I know that and the shirts were the prosecutor's property. The prisoner had got a watch, two rings, and a pair of silver buckels when taken, but I do not know of any he had before; he was taken up on the 14th of March.

Prisoner's defence.

I worked hard for that money at sea: I had not taken all my wages when I did lodge there.

Guilty of stealing, but not in the dwelling-house . T .

211. (L.) Anne Stafford was indicted for stealing nineteen yards of black silk lace, three yards of white silk lace, and twenty-two yards of silk ribbon , the property of Martha Caley , widow , October 31 . ++

John Caley . I am a haberdasher at Aldgate ; the prisoner came to our shop on the 23d of February to buy some ribbon; she stole three yards of ribbon. My servant detected her in it, it was my property. I got a search-warrant, and searched her box at Mr. Showers's, a throwster in Leman-street, Goodman's-fields. There we found the things mentioned in the indictment, nineteen yards of black silk lace, three yards of white ditto, and twenty-two yards of silk ribbon; they were my mother's property, but she is since dead; she died the 2d of November. She was committed to the Poultry Compter.

Q. Were these things missed in your mother's life-time?

Caley. I cannot say any of them were.

Joseph Hawkesworth . I am servant to Mr. Caley; I was by when these goods (produced in court) were found in the prisoner's box; the key was produced in the house, I think by her fellow-servant; these were Mrs. Caley's property.

Q. How came you to suspect the prisoner?

Hawkesworth. She came on the 18th of February, between seven and eight, to buy some blond lacc. I shewed her a box, and she bought about as much as came to 1 s. by noon, after she was gone, we missed a card of blond lace; I was very sure I had not shewed any lace to any body but her, and was resolved to lay wait for her the next time she came; and on the Monday morning, the 23d of February, she came again much about the same time. to buy some white ribbon; I shewed her some, and observed every parcel that lay in the drawer; the piece of white was in the corner next to her; it was missing. I charged her, and she was committed to the Poultry Compter; I went and confronted her with all these goods, after we had searched her box, and shewed her them; she confessed to all, and said she took them all in the shop; she did not say when, but we believe she took them from time to time; she has been an old customer.

Q. Can you tell whether they were taken away before or after Mrs. Caley's death?

Hawkesworth. That I cannot say.

Q. Then for any thing you know, these goods might have been in the shop after Mrs. Caley's death?

Hawkesworth. They might for what I know.

Prisoner's defence.

What I had in my box was my own.

To her character.

Mrs. Showers. The prisoner lived servant with us very near five years; I could never accuse her with wronging me. She went out as usual that morning.

Q. Do you know of her having any connexions with bad people?

Showers. We do not know of her having any great connexions.

Acquitted .

(L.) She was a second time indicted for stealing three yards of silk ribbon, value 18 d. and seven yards of silk lace , the property of John Caley , Feb. 23 . ++

Joseph Hawkesworth . The prisoner came to my master's on the 18th of February; I missed a card of blond lace after she was gone. She came again on the 23d for a little white ribbon; I saw her take a piece of white silk ribbon out of the box, and put it into her pocket. I let her go out of the shop; then I brought her back, and took it from her. Then I charged her with the card of lace; she owned she had it at home, and said if I would go along with her, she would give it to me again. I acquainted my master with it, and she was sent to the Compter. The lace was found in her box with the other things.

Prisoner's defence.

I leave it to the mercy of the court; I am guilty of taking the lace and nothing else.

Guilty . T .

212. (L.) William Bradshaw , was indicted for stealing three mens hats, value 5 s. the property of James Wingfield , Feb. 28 . ++

James Wing field . I live in Brewer's-street, Golden square , and am a hat-maker . On the 28th of February, early in the morning, my shop was broke, and a pane of glass was broke, and six hats taken out, five old ones and one new one; the prisoner was detected with three of them that same morning.

Thomas Ward . I am a constable. About eight o'clock in the morning, on the 28th of February, I saw the boy at the bar offer several to sell in Lower Thames-street; immediately I was called by a gentleman to detect him; I went and asked him how he came by them: he first said his mother trusted him to sell them; after that he said his mother was dead, and he found them in a dust-hole in Marybone street; I knowing there was no dust-hole there, cross questioned him again; then he told me he and three more broke open a shop in the Hay-market, and they trusted him to sell them in Rosemary-lane, and meet them in St. James's Park to share the money, I took him before Mr. Alderman Cokayne; the Alderman desired me to find out the owner if I could, as I lived that way. I began at Charing-cross, and was soon directed to Mr. Wingfield, by the mark on a hat, it being his mark. I went to his house; he knew the hat, and owned it as soon as he saw it. (Produced and deposed to.)

The prisoner said nothing in his defence.

Guilty . T .

213. (L.) James Butler was indicted for stealing a leather bag, value one halfpenny, two guineas, five half guineas, and one nine-shilling piece , the property of Joseph Hern , Feb. 21 . ++

Martha Hern . My husband's name is Joseph; we keep the Horseshoe and Magpie alehouse in Wood-street, partly facing the Compter . On the 21st of February, and apprentice that worked for a master carpenter came to get change for a couple of guineas; I went into a little room and took my bag out; I took my little boy with me to count the money after me, fearing a mistake. I had just counted one guinea upon the table, and was counting a second, and the boy was counting the first; the prisoner came into the room; he put his head over my shoulder, and asked where his score was, and said nobody shall pay my reckoaing but myself. I said, go your way, don't come plaguing me now; I took the silver up and put it in the bag, and fixed my eye on the money on the table, the boy said he has taken away your bag; I looked, and my bag of gold was gone. They said he was run out; people went out after him; he came back; I said, tell me where you have done the money, and I'll never tell you of it again; he denied knowing any thing of it stifly; we looked all about in the street, the sink-holes, and raked in the Kennel, but could not find it. The next morning, being sabbath-day, Mrs. Morton came in, and said have you heard of your loss; I said no; she said she would go and look, and asked where the prisoner was taken; I said betwixt Gold-street and here. She went and looked; soon after her husband came in and said, can you swear to your bag; I said I could. He said, what money was in it; I said there were two guineas, five half guineas, and one nine-shilling piece, wrapped in a piece of paper, in a leather bag twisted round. He held up a bag, and said, can you swear to this: said I, let me look at the top of it, and I'll tell you: he shewed me the top; I said that was it; then he delivered it, with the money and paper in it, as I had said.

(The bag and paper produced and deposed to.)

James Robinson . I am sixteen years old; I was in the room with my mistress; the prisoner came in, and stood at the bottom of the table, speaking about his reckoning; I saw him snatch the money and go out directly. I told my mistress he had got her money; she found it was gone.

James Frazier . I was at that house that Saturday night. I heard the prisoner make a noise about his score; I saw him come out of that room, and go out into the street directly; she came out and said, Butler had got all her money, and desired me to run out after him; I did, and met him about three yards from the place where the money was afterwards found; I asked him what he did there; he said he was going to see for Martha, a woman that he was acquainted with; he came back with me. He was committed, and he sent for me to the Compter. I asked him how he came to do such a thing; he said, I took it, and I think the d - l was in me.

Mary Morton . I found the money opposite the Compter, betwixt a stone and a post: it might be thirty yards from the Horseshoe and Magote. I went and delivered it to my husband, and he carried it to Mrs. Hern.

Mr. Morton gave the same account that Mrs. Hern had done, concerning his bringing and delivering the money.

Prisoner's defence.

I know nothing of the money; this lad Robinson has been guilty of those affairs; I can't say whether he did not take it and lay it there

He called Mr. Sergeant and Mrs. Butler to his character; the first had not known him lately, and the other could only say he was sober and honest when a youth, and served his time out.

Guilty . T .

214. (L.) Anne Garbett , spinster , was indicted for stealing a pewter bottle, value 12 d. a pewter syringe, value 6 d. two pewter milk-pots, two pewter pap boats, a pewter tea-pot, and a sugar-castor , the property of Henry Joseph , March 18 . ++

Henry Joseph . I am a pewterer , and live in New-street, Shoe-lane . The prisoner was my servant . I was out of town, and came home the 18th of March; then my shopman told me, I had a female thief in my house. I charged a constable with her, and took her before the Alderman, and before I came back my chamber-maid had been to a person she had been informed of, and brought home some of the things; I have got all again but a sugar-castor and tea-pot. They are my property, and have my mark upon them. The prisoner has lived with me but about six weeks.

Joseph Faulkner . I was a labourer to Mr. Joseph. The prisoner sent me with a letter and pewter teapot to a cousin she had at Wapping, on a Sunday night; I delivered them to the person. The next Sunday she sent for me to give me a little soup, and then sent me again with another parcel. I had a thought there was something in the paper more than common; I opened it, and in it were two children's boats, two milk-pots, and a sugar-castor; there were two letters on the pots, R for Henry and H for Joseph.

Q. Can you read?

Faulkner. No, I cannot.

Q. Are you sure they were such letters?

Faulkner. Now you put me to a stand; but I know them to be my master's mark, because I work for him. I know his mark very well.

Anne Galloway . I am servant to Mr. Joseph. I was informed by my master's apprentice, that she had stole those things mention'd, and I asked if she had not taken such things, she told in had. I went and fetch till back again, the tea-pot and castor, the people denied ever seeing them.

Eliz. Lhouse. The prisoner come to me one Monday morning, and gave me a little pew be: tle; she said she had bought it for her her brother, and he was sa without it: about two after she brought me little so little boy; she said she had bought that for her brother. (The goods produced and deposed to)

Prisoner's defence.

I have nothing to say, only to ask pardon of my master. I am willing to suffer any thing rather than to go abroad.

Guilty 10 d. W .

215. (L.) Anne, the wife of Zechariah Price , was indicted for stealing two linen sheets, value 5 s. the property of John Dawes , Feb. 24 . ++

Phebe Dawes . I am wife to John Dawes , we live by Fleet-ditch . The prisoner was a chair woman , as I wanted her, in my house; I missed a pair of sheets the week after Michael; they were taken away at the washing or ironing, they were both found in the prisoner's house the 24th of February.

Susanna Hunt and Jane Gibson , deposed they saw the sheets found, one under some rags, and the other on her bed; that the prisoner first said she had them sixteen years, then ten years, then two years, and that she bad them of a tallyman at 18 d. per week; then that she bought them at the Hen and Chickens, Smithfield.

The prisoner in her defence said, she bought them eight years ago at the Hen and Chickens in Smithfield.

Guilty 10 d. T .

216, 217. (L.) Thomas Parry and William Maddox , were indicted for stealing a deal board, value 2 s. 6 d. the property of John Jourdan , April 13 . +

George Castle . I am Mr. Jourdan's foreman; last Monday we lost a deal board out of a new building in the Minories , and it was found in Mr. South's yard in the Minories; it is a very remarkable board; I know it well to be my master's property.

Thomas Wilson . I saw Parry take the board out of the house on a Monday, about a quarter past twelve at noon, and carry it into South's house; Parry had been paid off the Saturday night before; Maddox work'd for Mr. Jourdan at the same time.

William South . I keep a public-house in the Minories. I cannot say I saw either of the prisoners bring any thing into my house, because I was about my business; I know Parry was in my house that day, and Maddox might for what I know. Parry was building up a little bit of a shed for me; I gave him the money to buy stuff.

Q. to Castle. How came Maddox to be charged?

Castle. I believe he was charged by Parry.

Parry's defence.

Maddox got the board for me, I thought he had bought it, I bought it of him.

Parry Guilty 10 d. T .

Maddox Acquitted .

218. (M.) Patrick Conner was indicted for stealing a live cock, value 2 s. and three live hens, value 3 s. the property of Christopher Waggitt , March 18 .+

Christopher Waggitt . I live at Hockley in the Hole . I lost a cock and three hens between the 18th and 19th of March, they were taken out of the hen-roost. I heard a noise, and we got out of our beds in our shirts, and took the prisoner with them upon him; they are all here in a bag alive.

William Warren and James Wood , who were at the taking the prisoner, deposed the same.

Prisoner's defence.

I had been drinking at the White Hart White-cross-street; coming home, two or three men laid hold of me, and took me to a place I did not know; when it was morning, I found myself in Clerkenwell Bridewell. I am as innocent as the child unborn.

Guilty . T .

219. (M.) Elizabeth Wilson , spinster , was indicted for stealing a mahogany tea-chest and three tin cannisters, value 12 d. six silver tea-spoons, value 6 s. and three yards of cloth, value 10 s. the property of Anne Wall , widow , January 19 . +

Anne Wall. I live in Golden-lane . On the 13th of February I took the prisoner in as a lodger; I have only one room, she had the key to go in and out. I missed the things in the indictment, (mentioning them) and she was gone also. She was taken up by another person that she robb'd after me; I went and ask'd her after my things; she told me where to find them. I found the spoons and cloth accordingly, but the tea chest she had sold.

Robert Clark . I heard the prisoner confess she had taken Mrs. Wall's things, and where she had pawn'd the spoons.

The prisoner said nothing in her defence.

Guilty . T .

There were two other indictment against her.

See her tried by the name of Frances Pepper , No. 367, in Mr. Alderman Bridgen's mayoralty.

220. (M.) George Cooper was indicted for stealing a feather bed, value 11 s. a linen sheet, value 3 s. a woollen blanket, value 5 s. two prints with wooden frames, value 9 d. the property of William Bearby , the same being in a certain lodging room lett by contract , &c. March 14 . +

William Bearby . I live in Queen-street, Seven Dials; I lett the prisoner a ready furnished lodging, on or about the 9th of March; after that Mr. Pickering came and told me I was robb'd, and he had got the thief in the Round-house. I went there; I saw the prisoner. I ask'd him for the key of the room; then I went and look'd in it, and missed the things laid in the indictment: the prisoner own'd he had taken them, and went with me and the constable to the house where he had pawn'd the blanket and sheet; we brought them to the Justice (this was the 16th of March) then we went to another place for the pictures.

Thomas Pickering . I keep a broker's and cloath's-shop; the prisoner brought the bed to me on the Saturday, I was afraid he had stole it; I went after him and took him to the Round-house, there he confessed he had stole it. Then I went to the prosecutor and told him of it; he has seen it since and own'd it.

Mary Badger deposed the prisoner brought the blanket and sheet, and she lent him some money upon them; and Joseph Flight deposed he brought the 2 pictures to him.

Prisoner's defence.

I am an attorney's clerk ; I certainly did take the things, and pledged them to these people. My wife was big with child, and is since starved to death.

He called William Backhouse , Edward Holmes , and Roger Berry , who gave him a good character, exclusive of this affair.

Guilty . T .

221. (M.) Charles Miller was indicted for stealing 36 yards of white jeans, value 30 s. the property of Robert Sergeant , April 27 . +

Robert Sergeant . I live upon Little Tower Hill, and am a slopseller . Last Monday in the evening, about eight o'clock, I lost two pieces of white jeans; it is called sustain; it is used for the linings of waistcoats and breeches; the prisoner was taken by my servant with them, he can give a farther account.

John Rose . I am servant to the prosecutor; I heard something fall in the back warehouse; I went directly out, and saw the prisoner with two pieces of white jeans under his arm, my master's property; he flung them down and ran; I went and took him directly, in half a quarter of a minute. (Produced and deposed to.)

Henry Smith , another servant to the prosecutor, deposed be was at the taking of the prisoner with the goods.

Prisoner's defence.

I am a sailor ; I was very much in liquor. I was walking by, and a butcher's boy saw a man run past and drop the things, just before they took hold of me.

Guilty . T .

222, 223. (M.) John Harris and John Hencher were indicted, for that they on the 16th of March , about the hour of one in the night, the dwelling-house of Thomas White did break and enter, and stealing one pair of leather shoes, value 1 s. the property of Charles Walker , in the dwelling-house of the said Thomas . ||

Thomas White . I live in Red-lion-street, Clerkenwell ; I have a shop and a lower apartment in a house; my shop was broke open on the 16th of March at night. I am a watchman ; as I was upon my duty, about one o'clock, I was called from my watch-box, and told my shop was broke open. (I knew I had bolted and key'd it, and [Text unreadable in original.]fa street door when I left it.) I went a was taken down, and a great 13 inches square, was broke, taken out which belong to ker; a pair that I made him, ght to be mended. The two prisoner both in custody, and the shoes found. acknowledged before the Justice that H broke the place open, and enticed him to go in.

Samuel Elson . I took Harris as he stuck in the prosecutor's window; his face was in the shop. He had been in; there were the marks of his feet in the shop, and the glass was pushed in; he was with his back downwards; he was cut, and bleeding very much. The other prisoner is a watchman; he and the boy Harris were in company about two hours before, and two other boys with them; they went into a public-house and called for beer; the woman was afraid to draw them beer. Hencher said, what are you afraid of, do you think I will bring any bad people here; then she drawed them some beer: after that Harris pulled out some money, seemingly to me to distribute among them; the woman was frighted, and begged we would not leave her while they were in the house, her husband not being within. About one o'clock the two prisoners went out of the house and returned again; Harris came in first and sat a little time; then Hencher came in; then there was some whispering; then they went out again. After that I went out, and saw Harris in the plight I mentioned in the prosecutor's window. We got a candle; there lay his hat under the side of the window. After I took him out, we asked him how he came to do such a thing. He said, Hencher broke the place open, and told him he knew there were a number of shoes in the shop, and if he got them he would take them to his watch-box, and there they would be safe.

Q. Was you by when Hencher was taken?

Elson. I was. He said he knew nothing of it; he was in the alehouse before I went in again; he had not returned from crying the hour one above ten minutes, when I brought Harris into the house.

Q. How wide is the window where Harris was in?

Elson. I take it to be about ten inches and a half one way, and twelve the other. It was part of an old sash turned sideways; it was the upper pane that was broke; the shoes were lying on the outside, one in Harris's hat, and the other by the side of it. Harris owned it to be his hat.

John Fisher . I am going into the 15th year of my age. I was sitting at the One Tun, in came Hencher; he said to Harris, if his master was gone to bed he might stay in his watch-house all night. We asked if there were room for us all; there were Harris, I, and another. He said there were; we all crowded into his box; it being a rainy night we got a pot of purl. Hencher said he knew of a good shop to break into, and wanted Harris to get into it. Harris shook his head, but said nothing to it. Hencher said he would go round his beat and come again to us; he said there were a good many boots and shoes in it; he went out, and we with him; we went into an alehouse and had two pots of purl; then Harris and he went out to cry the beat. I heard Harris cry it. Then they came in; and afterwards Harris went out and Hencher staid in; soon after that Harris was brought in bleeding.

Q. What does, Harris do for a livelihood?

Fisher. He rides horses about; he used to come to the One Tun alehouse at the corner of Field-lane. I heard him say he got twelve shillings once by knocking the lobb.

Q. What is that?

Fisher. That is breaking open a place.

Q. What is your business?

Fisher. I go about with a jack-ass; and sell potatoes and other things.

Harris's defence.

I never had any money, Hencher can witness that. I am a bricklayer by trade.

Harris Guilty Death .

Hencher Acquitted .

224. (M.) Henry Black was indicted for stealing a cloth coat, value 4 s. a cloth waistcoat, value 2 s. and a pair of velvet breeches, value 2 s. the property of Samuel Standen , March 26 . ||

Samuel Standen . On the 26th of March I lost a coat, waistcoat, and a pair of sheepskin breeches. (The indictment is wrong, I did not lose velvet breeches.) I found my things again at Mr. Master's, a pawnbroker, about three hours after they were taken. My apprentice had seen the prisoner go in there with a bundle; he came and told me. I am a shoemaker ; the prisoner lodged with me, and worked for me. I desired him to stop him if he came again.

Mr. Masters. The prisoner brought a coat, waistcoat, and a pair of leather breeches, and pledged them to me the 26th of March; the prosecutor came and owned them, and desired me to stop him if he came again. He came again in about three hours after for more money, and I stopt him. I asked him how he came to take his master's things; he said he did it in order to keep it up; that is, I suppose, to keep up his frolick. He was very drunk.

Prisoner's defence.

What I did I did with honesty; I did not do it with intent to defraud.

Guilty . T .

225. (M.) John Ford was indicted for stealing a tin cannister, value 2 s. and four pounds weight of green tea, value 28 s. the property of John Thompson , privately in the shop of the said John , April 2 . ||

John Thompson . I am a grocer , and live in Whitechapel . On the second of this instant I had two cannisters, with tea in them, taken from off my counter about eight at night, one was green the other bohea. I was below; William Toler came and asked if I had lost any thing; I then missed the cannisters; I went one way and he the other, and he took the prisoner with the cannister of green tea upon him.

William Toler . Going by the prosecutor's shop, I saw two lads run out of the shop; I called, and Mr. Thompson came out; he missed the cannisters. We went down the street, he one way and I the other; I met the prisoner; I clapped my hand upon him and said, I believe you are one of the lads that robbed Mr. Thompson of some tea. I felt about him, and found the cannister under his coat; Mr. Thompson came and took it of me. (Produced and deposed to by a mark under it, which the prosecutor put on it when the exciseman took it last.)

Mr. Pearce. I met the last witness; he told me what he was after, and desired me to assist. (The rest as Toler had deposed.)

Prisoner's defence.

I never was guilty of such a thing in my life. I was brought in by seeing two or three lads in Whitechapel; they got me to drink with them, and they gave me the cannister.

Q. to Toler. Do you know whether the prisoner is one of the boys that came out of the shop?

Toler. I am not sure of that. When I stopped him, and told him he was one of the lads that robbed Mr. Thompson, he said it was two boys that are gone that way, pointing; I looked, but saw no boys.

Pearce. After Mr. Thompson had taken the cannister, the prisoner said, God bless me, I kicked it before me.

Guilty of stealing, but not privately in the shop . T .

226. (M.) Horton Dunn [Text unreadable in original.]was ing a silver tankard, value 7 l. Richard Walker , April 28 . ++

Richard Walker . I keep a public-house lane, Fleet-street . The prisoner came house last Tuesday, between one and two o'clock he said another gentleman was coming to him; there was only one gentleman in the room where he was. I saw him come in, and saw him have the tankard. I went up stairs; my wife sent immediately up to me, to let me know the man was run away with the tankard. I came down and sent my man after him, but he could not meet with him. I went to Goldsmith's-hall and got hand-bills out, and about seven o'clock Mr. Benbrook came and let me know he had my tankard. The prisoner left this coat behind him in a handkerchief (produced in court). I never saw the prisoner in my life before that time, but I am sure he is the man.

Joseph Benbrook . I live in Tothill street, Westminster; the prisoner brought this tankard to me last Tuesday, about five o'clock in the afternoon; he wanted to pledge it for five guineas; I looked at it, and asked him several questions: he said he had had it about seven months, and that it was left him as a legacy by an uncle at the back of Barnet church. I said his account was not satisfactory to me; if he was agreeable that I should enquire farther, I would lend him money upon it. I went home with him to where he lived; there I had such a character of him from a person that I was satisfied: then he wanted six guineas, saying he was going down on board a ship. After he was gone I received a warning from Goldsmith's-hall, giving an account of it; then I went to Sir John Fielding and gave information of him, which was the means of taking him, and he was taken that night. (the tankard produced in court.)

Prosecutor. This is my property which I lost that day, marked R S W in a cypher, and the weight on the bottom, according to the warning that I had printed.

Prisoner's defence.

I can't deny what is alledged against me. It was necessity that drove me to it; I lay under the difficulty of being arrested every hour of the day.

He called Robert Stevens , a brandy merchant in the Borough, who had known him twenty years; Thomas Weatherall , who had known him from a child; William Fowler , between five and six years; Mr. Gisbourn and Mr. Bennet, fourteen or fifteen; who looked upon him to be an honest man exclusive of this affair.

Guilty T .

227. (L.) Mary Lambert was indicted for stealing one half guinea, one quarter guinea, and 4 s. 8 d. in money numbered , the money of James Clowes , February 18 . ++

Anne Clowes . I am wife to James Clowes ; we keep the White Swan alehouse in Salisbury-court . On the 18th of February the prisoner came to our door, and ordered two pots of beer to Mr. Oats's, a barber, in Bride's-passage, and change for a guinea. I delivered to our boy half a guinea, a quarter guinea. 4 s. and 8 d. to deliver in change. When the boy came back, he said, mistress, the woman is gone away with the change, and Mr. Oats did not want either beer or change. By and by our baker came in; I told him the story. He said, I dare say it is the woman that fetched two quire of paper from such a one, out of a pretence it was for a master carpenter, but she kept it herself. The boy went and watched her that delivered him the paper, and saw her go to the workhouse. My husband went to the workhouse the next morning and found her; it was the prisoner.

John Clowes . I am going into thirteen years of age, I am brother-in-law to the prosecutor, and live with him; the woman at the bar came to our house, and called for half a gallon of beer, and change for a guinea; (this was about six o'clock in the afternoon) it was to be to Mr. Oats's in Bride's passage, I could beer met me in the passage, and gave of paper, and asked me for the change, saying, she was going for some to Mr. Prices's she Cheesemonger, so I gave it her

Q. What money had you?

Clowes. Mistress gave me half a guinea, 5 s. 3 d. 4 s. 6 d. and 2 d. I had it loose in my hand; she said her uncle was to give me the guinea, meaning Mr. Oats. I went with the beer to Mr. Oats's, he said he did not want any beer.

William Dover . The prisoner is the woman that came to my master, named Thrush, a stationer in Salisbury-court, for half a quire of the best foolscap paper, on February the 18th; she wanted a quire of whited brown paper for Mr. Case the carpenter; I gave it her; then she came again and wanted more. I let her have this paper (the sheet produced) which the prisoner delivered the lad when she took the change. That day she came about five o'clock, I asked my master if I should follow her; he thought she came on a false pretence, which I did.

Prisoner's defence.

I never saw the boy nor the money, I own I had the paper.

Acquitted .

228. (L.) Charles Wright was indicted for stealing a pair of women's stuff shoes, value 5 s. one pair of men's shoes, value 6 s. and a shirt, value 12 d. the property of William Batchellor ; a pair of leather breeches, two shirts, and a pair of worsted stockings , the property of William Matthews , April 21 . ++

William Batcheller . I live in Dolphin yard, Bishopsgate without ; I am a lodger to Mr. King, that keeps the Dolphin inn; the prisoner used to go on errands for me, and his mother worked for me in closing shoes; some time ago I missed a a shirt, a pair of men's shoes, a pair of women's stuff shoes, and a pair of stocking; I sent for the prisoner, and asked him if he had not been and taken the things; at last he owned he had taken a pair of men's shoes and a shirt, from my bed-room; and that he went to another place, and took a great many things and pawned them, which we have found since; he is between 15 and 16 years of age.

William Matthews . I lodge at Mr. Batchellor's; about the latter end of December I lost a shirt, and a pair of buckskin breeches; and the beginning of January I lost two new shirts out of the dining-room, and on Easter Monday a pair of worsted stockings; afterwards I heard him, when charged with taking things, confess he had taken them all and pawned them; we found some at Mr. Davis's by London Wall, and some at Mrs. Miller's, where he directed us to.

Susanna Croxion. Sister to Mrs. Miller, deposed the prisoner pledged with her a pair of leather breeches, a shirt, and a pair of men's shoes.

Henry Grande Rainshaw, servant to Mr. Davis, deposed the prisoner pledged with him a pair of stuff shoes, a pair of stockings, and a shirt, (produced in court and deposed to by the respective owners)

The prisoner said nothing in his defence.

Guilty . T .

There was another indictment against him.

229. (L.) William Hill was indicted for stealing a linen handkerchief, value 18 d. the property of William Thornwaite , March 31 . ++

William Thornwaite . On the 31st of March, about eight in the evening, I went through Panier-alley into Blowbladder-street; crossing to Horseshoe passage , I felt something at my pocket. I turned my head and saw the prisoner: I put my hand to my pocket, and missed my handkerchief; he was about two yards from me; I said, you have picked my pocket: he looked at me, and kept walking on towards Cheapside: I called again, he went on; I then ran and took him by the collar, and charged him with it; he said he had it not, some other person must have taken it: I said there were nobody near; after some time I looked down, and saw it lying between him and the wall; this was about a dozen yards nearer Cheapside, than the place where I felt the pull at my pocket and missed it; then Mrs. Mills came; I desired her to take up the handkerchief; she did, and gave it to me; then the people gathered round, some were for ducking him; I thought best to take him to the Compter, and the next day he was taken before the Alderman and committed.

Martha Mills . I was with the gentlemen when his pocket was picked; I knew nothing of it till he called to the prisoner; he went and took hold of him, then I went to him; he having my child in his arm, desired me to take up the handkerchief which was lying behind the prisoner.

Prisoner's defence.

I am as innocent as the child unborn, I work with Mrs. Adams a brush-maker in Shoe-lane.

He called Mary Hapwood , Thomas Winterly , and Mrs. Adams; the latter said be he worked for her, but not for the last quarter of a year; they all said they know no harm of him.

Acquitted .

230. (L.) William Mason was indicted for stealing a woollen surtout coat, value 2 s. the property of John Thomas , March. 6 . ||

John Thomas . I lost a surtout coat from off a box by my bed-side, on the 6th of March. On the Monday morning I went and found it at Mr. Paterson's, a pawnbroker; I took up the prisoner; he confessed before the Alderman he was in distress, and he took it, and thought to have brought it back again.

Coterill, servant to Mr. Paterson, deposed he lent the prisoner 18 d. upon the coat. (Produced and deposed to.)

Prisoner's defence.

I did not take it with a design to keep it.

Guilty . T .

231. Elizabeth Longest , spinster , was indicted for stealing a crape gown, value 5 s. two linen aprons, value 2 s. a pair of shift sleeves, value 12 d. and a cloth great coat , the property of Susanna Shaw , widow , August 24 .

The prosecutrix was called and did not appear.

Acquitted .

Her recognizance was ordered to be estreated.

232. (M.) John Wildman was indicted for stealing a carpenter's plough, value 2 s. one handsaw, value 2 s. one pannel-saw, value 2 s. two smoothing-planes, value 2 s. one short plane, value 2 s. one Turkey oil stone, value 2 s. the property of Ridley Havelock , March 25 . +

Ridley Havelock . I am a carpenter ; on the 25th of February (the indictment has the date wrong) I lost the things mentioned in the indictment, from where I was doing business, in Queen-Anne-street, Marybone .

A witness. I am a carpenter, and buy and sell brokery goods. The prisoner came to me and said, brother chip, will you buy a saw. I am going into the country, and want money; I gave him half a crown for it.

Robert Alston . I was at work in the Minories; the prisoner came to me, and offered a pannel-saw to sell; I said, is it your own: he said, he was as honest a man as any in the world; he said he was at work in Rosemary-lane; he had a good many tools in a bag: I followed him; he went into a public-house, I followed him in; he put the tools down and ran away. Then I advertised them; after that the prosecutor came and owned them; there was a tennant-saw, two smoothing-planes, an oil-stone, a plough, a stock, a hammer, and a pair of pinchers.

Prosecutor. They are all my property.

Prisoner's defence.

I met a person, we went to drink in King-street, Golden-square; he had these tools on his back, he desired me to take and sell them for him.

Guilty . T .

233, 234, 235. (L.) Edward Rees , Herbert Fawkes , and William Harding , were indicted for stealing three linen shirts, value 15 s. six linen stocks, a night cap and a handkerchief , the property of James Gibbs , March 23 . ++

James Gibbs . I am an assistant at the academy in Red Lion-street Clerkenwell ; I left the things mention'd in the indictment at home, to be deliver'd to James Eonis , a little boy, for him to carry them to my washerwoman, on the 23d of March; and in the evening, about 7 o'clock, I met the boy's father; he told me I must appear at Guildhall on the morrow, his boy had been robb'd of my things, and the men were taken; I went the day after, and there the things were produced, and I swore to them, and the three soldiers at the bar were committed.

James Price . I live with Mr. Bosworth and Griffiths in Newgate-street; I was going over the way, I saw three soldiers standing at Mr. Carter's back door in Bagnio-court; I came close to them; I heard them say to a little boy that was with them, go over into that alley, and go over a board, and fetch a shirt for me, and we will stay here till you come; the boy said, don't run away; they said, no: the boy gave them the bundle, they said we will hold the bundle the while; the boy went, and I followed him up the passage; he ask'd me if I knew where a washerwoman lived; then I turned round, and saw the three soldiers were gone; I said, the men are running away with your things; he cried and ran after them: I ran up Newgate-street, and down Panier-alley, through Pater-noster-row, into St. Paul's church-yard; then I turned into Dolly's-passage and crossed into Newgate-street, and up into Bull-head court, there two of them were taken; then I went for the boy's father, the boy's name is James Ennis ; I know the three prisoners are the men that I ran after; I know all their faces.

John Newton . On the 23d of March I was coming down Pater noster-row, I turned into St. Paul's church-yard; I met two soldiers, they ran against me; instantly I heard the alarm, stop the soldiers; I turned and pursued. I saw one of them drop the bundle; I took it up, and followed them across Newgate-street into Bull head-court; there I took Harding and Rees; I believe it was Harding that dropped the bundle. We took them to the Compter; after that I heard them say Fowkes drew them in, he was the projector of it; and that this was the first offence they had been guilty of. (The things produced and deposed to by prosecutor.)

Q. to Gibbs. How old is the boy?

Gibbs. He is about eight years old.

The three prisoners in their defence said they were innocent of the affair.

Rees called Joseph Field his serjeant, who gave him a good character.

Fowkes called Thomas Mear his serjeant, who said be behaved very bad all the three years he had known him.

Harding called Charles Newton and Thomas Oakins , who gave him a good character.

All three acquitted .

236. (L.) Mary Peck , spinster , was indicted for unlawfully, wilfully, and knowingly, taking a false oath before a surrogate in the Commons, with intent to receive wages, prize money and allowance money due to Richard Walker , deceased, late a seaman on board his Majesty's ship the Modeste , Feb. 20 . +

George Arnold . I belong to the ticket-office at the Navy-office; (he produced the pay book of the Modeste) here in such a name as Richard Walker , that sailed on board that ship, he was an able seaman; he died the 17th of August, 1763. at Antigua; there were 33 l. 15 s. due to him, it is unpaid at this time.

Adam Jellicoe . I am a clerk to the treasurers of the Navy, employed to pay seamen's wages at Portsmouth. On Tuesday the 17th of February, I was in the Pay-office; the prisoner came in and applied to Mr. Hill, desiring to know if the other seamen of the Modeste were paid or not. Mr. Hill asked her if she had any authority, any will or power from her husband; she said she had none. Then he said he could give her no intelligence; then she began to cry, and said she lived with one Mr. Field, a salesman in Thames-street, and was employed in making of bags for him. I wanted to know if she could prove herself the widow; she said she was well known to one Mr. Everden that lived there. Then he let lier know what was due to Walker, as we concluded her to be the widow; she asked what steps she must take; I told her she must get her marriage certificate, and take out an administration at the Commons, and swear the wages were under 40 l. I taking her to be an ignorant woman, wrote it down for her. She asked me if it was necessary for her to come again to Protsmouth to receive; I told her she might receive the wages in London, but cautioned her to employ such that were of reputation, and if she was not the real widow to be careful, for it would be of bad consequence; she went away very thankful. After that I found a letter, in looking over forae papers from an agent in London, giving an account to take care, for there was another letter of attorney taken out in Doctor's Commons. I then wrote to the gentlemen I had recommended her to, to tell them there was such a fraud as I apprehended. I sent to Mr. Everden, who said Mr. Walker was something related to him; he said he believed Walker had left a widow, whom he apprehended was in Portsmouth, but he had not seen her. We found the prisoner was wife to a cook of a ship, and this cook had received half a year's pay, to enable his wife to go to London to take out the letters of administration to Richard Walker . On the 23d of February I went to the office, and found her there with her husband, the cook of the Infanta, and Everden the shoemaker was with them; this was at the pay-office at Portsmouth. I asked the cook if the prisoner was his wife; he said she was. I asked Mr. Everden if he knew her, and if she was Walker's wife; I think he said she was the widow of his grandson, that was Walker. I then asked the prisoner how she came to tell me such a story, that she lived in London. I observed this paper in her hand; (the forged certificate produced) by looking on the back of it I was convinced she had been at the Navy-office. In the intermediate time the administration was sent to me; the administration was to one Anne Webb ; I read it to her; she said she really believed her husband was married to Anne Webb , but it was since he was married to her. Then the husband said he knew Richard Walker well, and that he was married to the prisoner, and afterwards he married Anne Webb ; and he believed Anne Webb had several husbands besides. I said then if she was his wife, she must set aside this administration in due course of law, and the administration should not be paid till she had taken that step; and directed her to a person on Portsmouth Common, to direct her in the proper manner how to proceed: the day after she was brought to the office and examined by the commissioners, and I believe taken up.

John Garey I saw the prisoner at Deptford, at the house of one Row. on the 19th of February last; she had some papers relating to some money she had due to her, the property of Richard Walker her husband; as far as I could understand, she shewed the certificate of her marriage, (he is shewed a certificate) this is it. She having no friend in London, Mr. Row and his wife, and I, came with the prisoner to town; I think the prisoner is the woman, but I will not swear to her. When we came to London, which was on the 20th of February, we went and asked for one of the proctors of the Commons. I was directed to Mr. Stevens; he told her she must administer. After she had told him her story, she shewed him this certificate; I was by when she took an oath that she was the widow of Richard Walker ; but she did not get the letters of administration, because they found another administration filed in the name of Anne Webb .

William Row. The first time I saw the prisoner was on board the Princess Louisa; she was at my house that day that Mr. Garey was there, and lay there that night; Mr. Garey and I went to London with her; I had been ship-mate with Richard Walker in his life-time; she told me she was going to London, to try to recover her husband Walker's wages. I told her Mr. Garey, being a learned man, might help her better than I could; I did not go with her to the proctor's.

Q. to Garey. The same woman that went with you and Row from Deptford, did you go with her to the Commons, and see her sworn?

Garey. Yes, that very woman I saw sworn there; she never was out of my company till after that.

Mr. Stevens. I am a proctor in Doctor's Commons; I can't take upon me to swear the prisoner is the same woman that applied to me. There was a woman, that called herself Mary Walker , was brought to me by one of the clerks of the office, and a man came along with her, I believe Garey is the man. Upon her telling me she was the widow of Richard Walker , I caused the warrant to be made out, in order for her obtaining the administration. This is the warrant, (produced in court) it is signed by Dr. Simpson, the surrogate; she was sworn before him.

*** The last Part of these Proceedings will be published in a few Days.

THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS ON THE KING's COMMISSIONS of the PEACE, OYER and TERMINER, and GOAL DELIVERY FOR THE CITY of LONDON; And also the GOAL DELIVERY FOR THE COUNTY of MIDDLESEX, HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL in the OLD-BAILEY, On Wednesday the 29th, Thursday the 30th, of APRIL; and Friday the 1st, and Saturday the 2d, of MAY,




Printed for J. WILKIE, at the Bible, in St. Paul's Church-Yard.

[Price Six-Pence.]


King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Goal Delivery held for the City of LONDON, &c.

Continuation of the trial of Mary Peck .

Q. to Garey. IS this the person you and the prisoner applied to?

Garey. He is the same person.

(The warrant for making out the administration was read in court.)

Dr. Simpson. I am surrogate to Dr. Hay.

Court. Look on this paper; is this your handwriting?

Dr. Simpson. It is; the oath was administered to the woman before I signed this certificate; but it is impossible I should recollect the woman again.

Q. to Garey. Is this the gentleman that administered the oath to the prisoner?

Garey. This is the same gentleman.

Mr. Binstead. I am an attorney at Portsmouth; I saw the prisoner at Portsmouth on the 23d of February, in the morning; she came to me, and said she was recommended by the gentlemen at the pay-office; there was a man with her that appeared to be her husband; she wanted me to repeal letters of administration that had been made, for her husband had married two wives; I told her it would be expensive. I asked her which was the first marriage; she said her's was; then I told her the other was void. I asked her where she was married; she said at Rochester. In the course of the conversation she laid this certificate on my desk; I thought it looked like a writ; I asked what it was; she told me it was a certificate of her marriage. Upon looking it over, from the diction, and spelling, and what I saw upon it. I said this is a forgery; no clergyman could ever write such a certificate as this. She said no, it was not; I turned away to one Everden that was with her, that pretended to be a relation; I told her if she would go to the pay-office, they would look it over. She went out of the house; I took great care to follow her at a distance; as she went on one side the house, (as I thought:) I went on the other; I went on to the pay-office, and staid there four or five minutes; she never came; after that we went to see for her, but could not find her; then I went on board the ship, and found Peck the husband; he said she was gone away; I sent people after her, they went on the road, and I had word brought me they had secured her. They brought her, according to my order, to Mr. Hughes, at the pay-office; there she said she got this certificate made in London by a man; then she said, she never had been married to Richard Walker , but had been asked to church with him, and had had a child by him, and she had staid to see whether any body would claim the wages; and finding nobody had, she did. I asked her if she had been at Doctor's Commons; she said yes. I asked her, whether she had not taken an oath there that she was the widow of Richard Walker ; she consented to it that she had, but had found another administration granted. I have searched the register of the parish of St. Margaret, Rochester, and there is no such marriage to be found there as the certificate mentions.

(The forged certificate read; the purport, that Richard Walker , of the Louisa, and Mary Griffiths , were married at St. Margaret's church, Rochester, March 3, 1760, by Edward Peck , curate.)

Philip Thomas . I remember the prisoner being brought before commissioner Hughes, in the pay-office; she seemed very much confused, and was sorry for the act she had been guilty of; and there discovered, she never was married to Richard Walker . She was asked, whether she had not been at the Commons; she said yes, and had there swore that she was married to Richard Walker ; and when they were going to seal the administration, they found one had been granted to another, the name I do not recollect; but I went to Rochester with Mr. Binstead to search the register, and found there was no such marriage.

Prisoner's defence.

I was ignorantly brought into this affair by one Joseph Dudley .

Guilty . Death . Recommended.

237. (M.) William Rich was indicted for stealing a copper tea kettle, a mahogany waiter, a brass lamp, seven pair of women's shoes, and three pair of leather muffatees , the property of Richard Lane , March 14 . ||

Richard Lane . I am a glover ; on the 14th of last month, coming to my stall that I rent near Cavendish-square , I found my lock off; I found all my place in confusion. A watchman came and said, don't make yourself uneasy, for the man that has robbed you is in the watch-house; I went there, and found the goods mentioned in the indictment. (Produced and deposed to.)

Lawrence Abel . I am a watchman; I stopped the prisoner, with this bag of things produced here, about three o'clock that morning; I asked him what he was about; he said he was a poor man in debt, that he was a clog maker, and was taking his things away, fearing he should have them seized, and that his wife was gone with a parcel before; I put my hand to the bag, and found a pair of sheers; then he said he was a breeches-maker, and a glover; I thought proper to take him to the watch-house. When he went before the Justice, he said he was a shoe-maker .

Prisoner's defence.

I was wronged by a woman; she had robbed my wife of her hat and cloak; I went after her, but could not find her; coming back I met two or three acquaintance, I got a little in liquor; and on this side Marybone watch-house I found these things in the road, I had like to have tumbled over them.

He called four people to his character, who said he was a watchman, and they knew no ill of him before this.

Guilty . T .

238. (M.) Elizabeth Doman , spinster , was indicted for stealing 18 pewter plates, value 18 s. a copper tea-kettle, value 2 s. two iron candlesticks, six linen handkerchiefs, and a cloth coat , the property of John Aubanel , April 10 . ||

John Aubanel . I live at the Weaver's Arms, Shoreditch , a public-house; I was asleep in my room, betwixt one and two in the day; I was awaked with a noise in the next room; I got up and opened the door, and saw the prisoner at the bar with the things mentioned in the indictment I called Mr. Burtup; I took her by the arm, and the two candlesticks dropped down from under her arm. I asked her what business she had up stairs; she said she came up to make water. She had five of my handkerchiefs in her pocket, and the other things bundled up. (Produced and deposed to) I never saw the prisoner before.

Nicholas Burt deposed as the prosecutor had before.

Elizabeth Lowe . I am servant to the prosecutor; I took five of my master's handkerchiefs out of the prisoner's pocket.

Prisoner's defence.

I never saw the people, nor the things; I am innocent of it; I was in liquor; I don't know where I was.

Guilty . T .

239. (M.) John Cole was indicted for stealing an iron saw, value 4 s. and a leaden glue-pot, the property of George Neale , and one iron saw, value 4 s. the property of William Hall , April 18 . ||

George Neale . On the 18th of this month, the things mentioned in the indictment were lost out of Mr. Chambers's building, where I was at work. My man, named William Hall, owned one of the saws; he catched the prisoner, who had taken an opportunity to go in while I was at dinner; the other things are my property.

William Hall. I was in the street; I saw the prisoner come up the area from the building, with a glue-pot and saws; I went and laid hold of him, and said, you villain, you have got some of our things; he went on his knees, and begged I would let him go.

Prisoner. I did take the things.

Guilty . T .

240. (L.) John Hand was indicted for stealing 22 pounds weight of iron, value 2 s. the property of John and Joseph Woodin , Feb. 28 . ||

Acq .

241. (L.) Thomas Cap was indicted for stealing a linen handkerchief, value 6 d. the property of Mark Gibbs , March 22 . ||

Mark Gibbs . On Sunday the 22d of March, between eight and nine at night, I was in Cheapside ; I felt the prisoner take my handkerchief out of my pocket; James Gulliver took hold of him, and said, he saw him take it; there was another person with the prisoner, he ran away, we could not catch him. I never saw my handkerchief again.

James Gulliver . I followed Mr. Gibbs, and saw the prisoner take, a blue and white bird's-eye handkerchief out of Mr. Gibbs's pocket, and give it to the other fellow who ran away with it; I catched hold of the prisoner, and we took him to the Poultry Compter.

Q. to prosecutor. What colour was your handkerchief?

Prosecutor. It was a blue and white bird's-eye.

The prisoner said nothing in his defence.

Guilty . T .

242, 243. (M.) Samuel Knock and Jacob Wood were indicted, for that they on the 19th of April, about the hour of one in the night, the dwelling-house of John Warren , Esq ; did break and enter, and stealing four-silver spoons, value 10 s. three silver tops for castors, value 2 s. a silver frame for a picture, value 1 s. a silver cream-pot, a silver pepper-box, and divers other goods, the property of the said John, in his dwelling-house . *

Hannah Warren . I am wife to the prosecutor. The day before Easter Monday at night, my house was made very secure; we went to bed at twelve o'clock. I ordered my maid to get up very early in the morning; she did, and came very abruptly to my door and said, madam, we are broke open, for the bureau is broke; I started up out of my sleep and jumped out of bed, and down stairs I went, and found the bureau was out open and the lock forced, and the bureau risted; we found a place where they had endeavoured to get in, which was a glass door that comes into the garden; but it being a double door, they could not get in there; they had thrown up all the sashes in the parlour, and strove much to get in there, by loosening some of the hinges, but cou ld not get in there; they took off one bar of a window in the garden, and got through. I had a very strong look upon the laundry or dairy-door, they had broke that entirely off; after they had done that, I apprehend they took several things in the kitchen, some of my servant maids silver buckles, and other things; they broke a lock in the parlour, and forced a bolt, and broke my husband's bureau, they broke two or three locks; they broke another lock, and took out a ewer not silver it was French plate; they took three tops to castors, a silver milk-pot, four silver spoons, a silver pepper-box, a silver candlestick gilt with gold. There was a stick found at the bottom of the stairs, which was not there when we went to bed.

John Meridin . I am constable for the hamlet of Hammersmith. On Monday the 20th instant, Capt. Dagan came to my house, there were some plate found in his hay-loft; he begged of me to come to his house about ten in the evening, saying, by that time he believed his servant, whom he suspected, would be at home; he suspected him, and another that kept company with him. I went about ten o'clock, and rang at the bell: his servant, Jacob Wood , let me in; I asked him if his master was at home, and told him I should be glad to speak with him; I went into the parlour, and said, Mr. Dagan, I have made hold to wait upon you; he immediately said, that is the man; then I turned to Wood, and said, you are my prisoner; the captain came out, and said, you must pull off your cloaths; the prisoner did. I asked the prisoner, if he had not got a confederate in these things that had been found; he said, he had given leave to Samuel Knock to lye in his master's hay-loft; I said, if you don't take care he'll hang you, for I am afraid he is a very wicked person. I asked him if he could tell me where Samuel Knock was; he said he could not tell, and refused telling me; but said, he believed he was gone to see his mother in St. Giles's workhouse; said I, if you will not tell the truth you must suffer; he said, he might come by ten o'clock the next morning. Then I took him to my house; there were two or three young men came into the parlour, they pressed him to tell me where Knock was; he would not: then I said, have you a mind to tell any of these men; he said he would speak to a young fellow there; then I took all the rest out; then he said, if I went with him and the young fellow to the Dove coffee-house, and the young man go in and call Sam, he would come to him, and I might take him; then I called in assistance to take care of him, and took a candle and lanthorn, and went to go to the coffee-house; I met Knock, I catched him by the collar, and said, where are you going at this time of night; he said he was going to my house; I said, I have got a warrant against you; there is some little difference between Mr. Dagan's servant and you, I would advise you to go and make it up; he went very quietly to my house; we sat up with them all night, and in the morning Knock asked me to let him go to the vault; I went to the door with him, he was in some time; when he came out, I took him into the parlour again; in the mean time a man wanted to go the vault; he came in again, and said there are some of your pots in the vault; the maid went to see, she came, and said there were some plate there; I went and had it taken out of the vault; there were a silver pepper-box, a silver cream-jug, a china snuff-box, enamelled or studded with gold, and a smelling-bottle; I washed them clean, and desired the people not to say any thing of them; then we went in, and with a cord pinioned the two prisoners together; out of Wood's pocket I took two silver spoons, two silver tops of cannisters, two medals, one in a case, the other out; I told them it looked very bad; then I went for the remainder of the things that were found in Capt. Dagan's hay-loft: I had by chance heard thatMr. Warren's house was broke open. I immediately sent William Bradshaw , the bricklayer, that took the things out of the vault, to let Mr. Warren know what we had found, and for him to come and see if they were his. Mrs. Warren came, and seeing one of the things in my hand, said she would swear that was her property. I said, do not be frighted, the men are safe enough; then I shewed her the other things (produced and deposed to by Mrs. Warren.) We took the prisoners before Sir John Fielding , and he committed them. Knock said, before the Justice, he did not throw the things down the vault, but they dropped out of his pocket. Going along Hyde Park, Wood said, I'll be d - d if I divulge any thing. I was told that Knock said he had found a guinea, which appeared to be a gold medal; I asked Wood about it, he owned he had been to three different men in Hammersmith to have it changed.

Mrs. Warren. I at the same time a diamond ring, which cost 50 l.

Meridin. There was a diamond ring advertised; I and the attorney went to Lombard-street about it; I told the woman I had taken two men that had stole a diamond ring; she said it was brought by two men, one a gentleman's servant, the other a mean looking man, who said they found it near the Mansion-house; I came back and called upon Wood, and asked him if he remembered any thing about a diamond ring; he said he did, but did not know where it was. I said, knock will be hanged, and you will share the same sate if you do not tell the truth. He owned he was near Lombard-street, but not in it, that day. I said, do you remember you told the people you found it near the Mansion-house; he said he remembered Sam said so. (The ring produced, and deposed to by Mrs. Warren.)

John Bluck . I am coachman to Mr. Warren; on Friday the 17th instant, Wood came to my master's, and asked me to go and drink a pint of beer with him; I said I would go with him, but could not stay; he seeing Knock, said, Sam, bring a piece of pudding; I said, what Sam is that; he said, Knock; he said he and Knock had been taking a walk together. We went to the George and drank; he cut the pudding in three parts, and we each had some. Knock said, do you live with Mr. Warren; I said, yes: said he, I lived at the same house once; we had fowls stole while I lived there; they kept a great dog then, do you keep one now; I said, yes, two; said Wood, where do you keep them; I said, in the stable-yard; Knock said, it is a d - d strong house of your's; at the same time the landlord said, there is a d - d great stink amongst you; Wood had a rotten egg broke in his pocket. We went out, and when at the door, Knock shook hands with me, and asked me if I went with my master on the morrow to Newmarket; I said I did; he wished me a good journey, and we parted.

Knock's defence.

On that Sunday morning Jacob Wood and I were together; I lay in his hay-loft, being just come out of the workhouse, very bad of an ague and sever; he locked me in, and let me out about six; then we went to Mr. Murphy's, and had two pots of beer; it was a fine morning; I walked out; I went to ease myself by a malt-kiln; there I saw a cane lying, and a bag, and a coffee-pot, and other things tied up in a handkerchief; I brought them away; I came back to Wood between eight and nine; we opened the bag, there were these things.

Wood's defence.

Knock lay in our hay-loft; he went out about six, and returned about nine with these things. Please to ask Esquire Dagan my character.

Mr. Dagan. I have been informed Wood has frequently got out of bed unknown to me; particularly on the 9th of April he went with a waterman down to St. Paul's wharf, and there landed at two in the morning; and he has been at home at Hammersmith again by morning, and had the horse and chaise ready for me.

Susanna Tanner and Anne Rivers , two of Mr. Dagan's servants, confirmed the account of his going out on nights, and other bad behaviour.

Both Guilty . Death .

244. (M.) John M'Donnell was indicted for forging a certain order for the payment of 50 l. with the name of T. Haydon subscribed thereunto, directed to Hinton Brown and Co. and for publishing the same, with intent to defraud James Keyo , Jan. 31 . *

James Keyo . The prisoner at the bar and another person came to my house on the 31st of January, between two and three in the morning; they knock'd at the door, and insisted upon coming in; I said, I let nobody in at that time of the night, but if you'll go quietly to bed I'll let you in; they said they would; I let them in; they insisted upon having something; they drank two bottles of wine and went to bed. In the morning M'Donnell ordered coffee for breakfast; when that was over they rang the bell, I answered; M'Donnell asked me if I would give him change; he took his pocketbook out and gave me this draft (holding it in his hand.)

It is read to this purport.

"London, 18 Dec. 1766. No 78.

"To Messrs. Hinton Brown and son.

"Pay to Mr. John M'Donnell, or bearer, the

"sum of 50 l. and place it to the account of

"T. Haydon."

I took the draft, with intent to get cash for it; I went to the banker, it was stopp'd; I told them, if they would send a person with me they might get the person that delivered it to me. The prisoner and the other man had ordered a dinner at half an hour after two, they were gone out; the clerk went home to his master to let him know; I sent down to the Blue Anchor in Rosemary-lane, there the prisoner was found; I never saw the prisoner before to my knowledge.

Prisoner. I gave him the draft to get change for it.

James Tumings . The prisoner and I breakfasted together that morning, he gave a draft out of his pocket to the waiter, but I never had it in my hand.

Charles Cole . I am clerk to Messrs. Hinton Brown and Co. this draft was brought to me by a waiter; I suspected it to be a false draft; he said he brought it from the Turk's Head bagnio; I applied to Mr. Brown, he said it was not a good one.

Q. Is it Mr. Haydon's hand-writing?

Cole. It is not. When the prisoner was before my Lord-Mayor, he said he had this note of Mr. Haydon, who is now here, and made affidavit of it.

Q. Has that Haydon money with you?

Cole. He has; he keeps cash with us. He has a cheque which he draws his bills on, which we cheque in our book; this is not his note, but it is a cheque of our shop; how he came by it I cannot tell.

Mr. Nash. This pocket-book (producing it) was sealed up by my Lord-Mayor, I had it from Mr. Haydon; it came out of the prisoner's pocket, and there are other notes; I have kept it ever since; the pocket-book is letter'd with the name John M'Donnell upon it, here are many notes in it; some are Parrot's notes, payable to M Donnell; and M'Donnell's notes, payable to Parrot.

Prisoner's defence.

I did not write it, neither did I know that it was forged; I knew nothing of it till I was taken: I gave goods for it, and thought I could get cash for it at any time; and when I heard it was forged, I thought it was Mr. Haydon's handwriting.

For the prisoner.

John Plunket I have known the prisoner ten or eleven years, he is by trade a hatter. He told me in September last, he was going into business with a gentleman lately come from the West-Indies, who was to find money and he judgment. In two or three days after that, he called upon me in order to ask me a question in regard to a woman; he said he was going into the city, he desired me to take a walk with him; we went to a house in Cheapside. When we came there he went to the bar, and asked if any body had enquired for him; we sat down, and presently Mr. Brown came in. He said the gentleman had been there but was gone; the prisoner said he was sorry for that: Brown gave M'Donnel a draft; I had the curiosity to look at it, it had a banker's cheque, and was for 50 l. drawn upon Mess. Brown and son, Lombard-street, signed T. Haydon, (he looks at the draft) it was very much like this, but I cannot swear to it; this was about the Thursday after the 16th of December. He gave him this note in order to buy goods: they talked about their business. Brown told me he had a will of a relation that died in the East-Indies, and had left him 4000 l. He desired me to go to the Sword-blade coffee-house; I did, but he did not come.

Q. What are you?

Plunket. I am clerk to Mr. Yapp, an attorney in Clifford's-inn.

Q. Where did Brown live?

Plunket. He has lived these five or six years last past in Prince's-street, Drury lane. He talked largely of his fortune; I took him to be a man of fortune.

Q. Where is he?

Plunket. I know nothing of him.

Michael Welch . I have known the prisoner upwards of seventeen years, I knew him in Dublin; he was looked upon to be an honest fair dealing man.

Charles Brady . I have known him about sixteen years; he have a good character.

John Mannell . I have known him about twelve months; I looked upon him to be an honest just man.

Guilty . Death .

245, 246. (L.) Thomas Smith and Thomas Hale , were indicted for stealing a gelding of a chesnut colour, value 61. the property of John Lacy , October 24 . ++

John Lacy . I live at the White Lion, Kitts End, about a mile beyond Barnet. I came to Smithfield on the 24th of October, and put my horse up at Mr. Leader's, at the King's Head ; a horse of a bright chesnut colour, bald face, flaxen mane and tail, about fifteen hands high; he was lost out of the stable, and about three weeks after he was advertised, and the man that had him was in Ipswich goal. I went there and found Smith in person; I said, you dog, is it you; you lived with Thomas Warren in Pierpool-lane about two years ago. Ay master, he said, it is me. I found my horse at a place called Stourton near Diss, about twenty two miles on the side hand. I said to Smith, how came you to take my horse away; he said it was through necessity that he did it; I asked him where the saddle was, he would not tell me; I said, I'll call again in about two hours, may be you will consider of it. I went again, then he told me it was at the sign of the Cock, at a place called Clare; there I found it, after I had been for my horse. I know nothing of the other prisoner.

John Field . I am sixteen years old. Mr. Lacy came one market-day, and put his horse up at the King's Head in Smithfield, where I live; he saw me tie him up in the stable; I did not take his bridle and saddle off. Then Mr. Lacy went into the market; my master sent me of an errand; when I came back, Mr. Lacy came and called for his horse and he was gone; it was a chesnut coloured horse.

James Hewit . I keep a public-house at Stourton in Norfolk. I was in my yard; I heard a horse rush out at my gate; I stood a little while to hear what could be the meaning of it; this was between seven and eight at night, on the 27th of October: presently I heard a footman and a horseman come out at the same gate; they made towards Bury. They made a full stop, and came both right back again up into the field. I thought they were after no good; I went and told a neighbour there were some men after the horse; he, his father, and brother, and I, pursued them into the field; there we took the two prisoners at the bar; Hale had a bridle in his hand, Smith had a halter which he dropped down by the side of the horse he was upon, which the prosecutor owns. I asked him to dismount, he said he would not: I said to the boy that was on the other side, have a care; for what, said Smith, I have no fire-arms. We took them before the Justice the next day, and they were committed to Ipswich goal, the horse was delivered into the constable's hands, who took care of him till Mr. Lacy came. The horse was brought to my house, there he saw and swore to him.

Lacy. The horse I saw there was my horse.

Samuel Weaver Being told there were some people in the field after my horses, I made after them. Hale came running down in a great hurry. I said, halloo; he made no answer; I gave him a little nap on his crown and knocked him down; he got up and came at me; I got the fall of him, and when he was down I catch'd hold of a bridle he had in his hand, but I found he was too strong for me; then I called out for help, we secured him, and took him to the public-house; (the bridle produced) Smith was on horseback; he came up out of the turnips the moment I had caught Hale; we took him, and the next day we took them to the Justice, and they were both committed to Ipswich goal.

Smith's defence.

I went to Smithfield, I there asked the prosecutor for a job: he desired the boy to deliver the horse to me, for me to ride him about the market. I rode him about; there came a one-eyed man, and told me where my mare was that I had lost; he said she was down in Norfolk; I rode away directly on Mr. Lacy's horse to see after her; there was no mare. Coming back I met Hale; I thought I saw my mare in a field, I sent him down; he came to me and said there is never a one. I said I saw one over the hedge; he said do you go. I went down to see, and they came and took us.

Hale's defence.

Smith came to a place where I was. He said he had lost a mare. I asked him who he had her of; he said of one Isaac Brown ; he told me her marks. I went with him; coming back he thought he saw her; he said to me, Tom, will you go and see whether it is my mare; I went and came back again, and told him she was not there; he would not believe me; then we both went down, and they came and took us.

Smith Guilty . Death .

Hale acquitted .

247. (M.) Richard Greenwood was indicted for making an assault with a pistol on Charles Maverley , in a forcible and violent manner, with intent the money of the said Charles to steal , Feb. 18 . ++

Charles Maverly . I live at the lower end of Red Lion-street, Holborn. Going home on the 18th of February, about twelve at night, in Great James-street, Bedford-row , I heard something coming very fast after me; I turned round; the prisoner came up and held a pistol to me, and bid me stand and deliver my money, or else he would shoot me dead. I said he had better go about his business, for I would not be robbed; I had a cane in my right hand, but he being too near me I could not strike him with it. I took him a blow with my left hand on the right shoulder, and drove him from me; then I struck him two blows with my cane, which drove him into the middle of the street; he recovered himself, and took to his heels and ran away. I called out, Watch, stop thief; he ran down into the King's-road, and down Gray's-inn-lane; I followed him. We imagined he had got into the field and gave the pursuit over, but coming back, in the King's-road, two watchmen had got him. He fell on his knees and begged I would forgive him, saying he did not intend to hurt me, the pistol not being charged; I said that would be a circumstance in his favour; he told me he threw it down into an area; upon searching it was found, and not charged. He confessed the fact, and said he was very sorry. He had a painted nose on, which was afterwards found in his pocket.

William Day . I found the pistol in an area in John-street; it was not loaded, and there was no flint in it.

Prisoner's defence.

I was insensible at the time.

He had several witnesses, relations and neighbours, that deposed he was at times insane; that he had attempted to destroy himself divers times, by hanging, and drowning, and striving to starve himself; and had at times violent phrensies of mind.

Acquitted .

248, 249. (M.) Francis Gorman was indicted, for that he, with a certain loaded pistol, did shoot at John Griffiths , giving him a wound on the left side the head, depth four inches and breadth half an inch, of which wound he instantly died; and Henry Johnson , together with Thomas Brown (not taken) were present, aiding, assisting, comforting and abetting the said Francis to commit the same , March 30 . They stood charged likewise on the Coroner's inquest for the said murder. *

Thomas Smith . Mr. Would, John Griffiths , and I, went to Holloway to see a race; coming back we met with Mr. Underwood; when at the Red Lion, there came a coach; it being wet weather, I proposed to ride home in it; we all four of us got in; we had not been in but about five minutes, but up came Ryan the evidence, and put a pistol into the coach, and said stop; he put it to my breast (I think it was a pistol, he says it was not;) he then went and stopped the horses, and then came to the coach again. I said, we are all poor people, we have nothing for you; the deceased said to the coachman, go along, we will not be robbed by them. Immediately one of them put a pistol to his head, and blowed his head to pieces; it was so dark I could not tell which it was. I turned about and saw two men at the other side the coach; I jumped out, and Ryan knocked me down directly; I went to get up upon my knees, and he knocked me down again; I went to get up a third time, he knocked me down again; after I got up there came a couple of gentleman, I said, don't go any farther, there are highway men robbing the coach now; they took me to the White Horse. After that, when the coach came up, I was told Griffiths was shot dead; he sat upright in the coach; when we came to move him I saw he was dead. I went to see Johnson when he was in prison; he said he was the man that saved my life, for Ryan after he had killed the other, wanted to come back and kill me; and that Johnson said to him, no, you have killed enough; then Ryan said, I'll kill you directly.

Robert Would . I was very much frighted; I was robbed to be sure of four guineas and four shillings; they swore and d - d so, I was forced to beg for my life. I know nothing farther than what Mr. Smith has said; the account he has given is true; I know none of the men.

Mr. Underwood. We had been to see a man run in stiles; we were at the Red Lion at Holloway; it grew very dark and rained; we all four agreed to go home in a coach; we had not been set out above six or seven minutes but we were stopt; after that it drove a little way and then stopt again. The words were hardly out of the deceased's mouth, he saying he would not be robbed, before the pistol went off; we never opened the coach door; they went to open it, and down fell the deceased; then they came to the other side and robbed me. Gorman was the man that came into the coach, I know again him by his voice. They took my hat; I said, I hope you will be so kind as to give me my hat; Gorman said, who has the gentleman's hat, they gave it me. As soon as they had done, which was in about ten minutes, they said, here take your messmate into your coach, he is fast asleep. I took and hauled him into the coach, they assisting; and when we came to the White Horse we saw he was dead: his head was shot to pieces. I think I saw about four of the highwaymen. I think it was Gorman's voice that said, it does not signify to make any resistance, for there are twelve of us in the gang, and money we want. Then I said, if it is money you want take it, and do not use us ill. I cannot say I know any of them by their faces.

Jeremiah Ryan . It was proposed to go a robbing by Gorman; we were not acquainted with the road; we trusted to Brown, for that he knew the road. We went to one Fitzpatrick, an Irishman, at the Angel and Crown; we had three or four pots of beer there. Brown had a falling out with a man, and he pulled out a pistol and swore he would blow his brains out. Then we went on to another house and drank there; we talked about the man's running; I said if I had but 5 l. in the world I would lay it against him. After that we went out, Brown went up and stopped a post-chaise boy; but finding nobody in the chaise we let it go by, after Brown had taken 2 s. and a shirt from the boy; immediately came a coach, Brown went and stopped it; I went to the coach door and said, deliver your money; the coach did not stop, I went and laid hold of the horses reins, then I heard a pistol go off. I asked who fired the pistol, I thought the people in the coach had fired against me; then I saw Brown, Gorman, and another man helping the man into the coach; then they shut the door; then I asked again who fired the pistol; Gorman turned about and said he fired it; I upbraided him for firing it, fearing he should take the man's life; he swore by all that was good and great he would take my life if I spoke a word. We left them, and went into a house and shared the money which we took from them.

Gorman. That evidence will fix upon any body to save his own life.

Hugh Fitzpatrick . I keep the Angel and Crown in Hornsey. On a Monday night, the same day the murder was, about six in the afternoon, there came some men into my house, Brown was one of them; he called me on one side and asked for John Boucher . He swore a great oath he would take his life the first time he met him. I said, are you drunk; he said, to shew you I am in my senses, he opened his coat and shewed me a pistol; the two prisoners and Ryan are like the men that were with him, but I will not be positive.

Thomas Fitzpatrick The prisoners were shipmates of mine some time; Ryan, Johnson, and Gorman were at our house the night the murder was committed, about six o'clock. I live with the last witness.

John Simpson . I had been at Highgate, and was in at the sign of the Cock at the bottom of Wells's-row at Holloway; there came in the two prisoners, Ryan, and another, which I believe to be Brown; I never knew them before. They all came in a little before eight in the evening, and staid till after eight; they drank and shook hands with us; they had two or three pots of beer. The murder was done soon after they went out.

John Noaks . I am a constable; upon an information given to Sir John Fielding , I was ordered by him to go and apprehend these people; Fitzpatrick was with us. When we were in Whitechapel, Fitzpatrick said, there is one of them; we all ran, I was behind; just by the corner I heard Brown, who is not taken, say to the evidence, run; he ran cross Whitechapel, he was too quick for me; I called, stop for murder; he was soon taken; Mr. Marsden was with us. He sent me with another man to take Ryan to Sir John Fielding . Sir John told him if he was not the man that actually did the murder, with permission from the Judge, he might be admitted evidence. After he was examined I was dispatched back again, and upon searching Gorman's room I found three cutlasses between the bed and the ticking, and this pocket-pistol in his chest, loaded, (all produced in court.) We went to see for the rest; we found Gorman, Johnson, Sweetman, and Collins, at the White Lion near Ratcliff-highway.

Mary Barrat . I found this pistol under the bench where the prisoners sat when they were taken; they were taken on the Wednesday, and I found it on the Saturday following. (Produced in court)

Mrs. Leach. Gorman hired a room of me; he, Johnson and Ryan were all shipmates; they used to come in and out; they came into my house a little after nine that Monday night, and lay all there that night.

Gorman's defence.

I don't know what to say, my word will stand for nothing.

Johnson's defence.

I did not know where I was when Ryan carried me with them. I and Collins were together; we met Ryan; we were very much in liquor, I don't know what house we were in; all I know is, when we were in the house there were some wagers laying about the running; when this thing happened, Ryan, Gorman and Brown were a good way before me. I heard a pistol go off and saw the flash. I went up to the coach and saw the man lie dead; Ryan was beating a man at the time on the ground with a stick; I said to him, do you know what you are doing, you are going to kill the man. He said I deserved to be kill'd, and let's all go to hell together, for it was no matter; I am sure he must have killed him very soon had he went on. I went on the other side and called him, and said, may be the man is dead; he said, let him go to hell and you all together, and swore very much, do you come away; I said I would not go away till I had put the man in the coach. They told me going over the field I deserved to be killed, and go to hell among the rest, and used me very grossly. I saw nobody touch the coachman but Brown. Brown had the man's hat; I asked him about it; he said he would shoot me if I said a word about it. I do not know which way they went, they enquired for Red-cap's; I would not stay with them. Ryan said he would go on the same road and stop a coach. When they found I would go to London they all consented to it. My character was never spotted before; here is my captain and other officers that I belonged to.

Capt. Thomas Haywood . The two prisoners and Ryan did belong to my ship, they were paid off last February; Johnson was a very good seaman, he never was charged with any ill thing on board the ship; he was like others, he would drink when he could get it; they were all three capable men and good seamen.

Mr. Little and Mr. Hall, two other officers on board the same ship, said they were all three good seamen; they all said Johnson's moral character excelled the others.

Both guilty . Death .

This being Friday they received sentence immediately to be executed on the Monday following, and their bodies to be dissected and anatomized.

Gorman was executed accordingly. His Lordship respited Johnson during his Majesty's pleasure .

250. (M.) Sarah Hopkins , single woman , was indicted for the wilful murder of her male bastard child , Feb. 9 .

She stood charged on the Coroner's inquest for the said murder. *

John Berry . I was employed to get a child out of a vault at Bethnal-green, on a Thursday in the afternoon, I don't know the day of the month.

Ann Lewland . Mrs. Scott, the prisoner's mistress, sent for me, and desired I would get somebody to her to know what was the matter with her; I said, Sally are you with child: she said she was not: I said if you are, pray don't destroy it. On the Wednesday after she came to my house, about five doors from her mistress's, I saw an alteration. I said, what have you done, could you deliver yourself; she said she was delivered standing by the bedside, and the child dropped from her, and she took it and wrapt it up, and in the morning threw it down the vault. I went and looked in her box, and found three little shirts, two stays, and a cap for a child

Mary Scott . I am daughter to the prisoner's mistress. On the Tuesday night the prisoner looked very bad; I asked her what was the matter, she was silent; I asked her again and again: then I asked her how long she had been with child, she said six or seven months; I said, are you not gone your full time, she said she could not tell; I asked her when she was delivered, she said about twelve on the Saturday night, or one on the Sunday morning; that she kept it that night and flung it down the vault in the morning, and if the child had not been dead she would not have made away with it for the world. She said she made a noise for my mother to come to her; she was often troubled with violent fits of coughing.

William Withers . I am a surgeon; I was called in to attend the Coroner. I opened the child, and threw the lungs in water and they swam, from whence I concluded the child had breathed. There was no marks of violence upon it. I observed the navel-string was broke quite close to the navel, so that there could no ligament possibly be made; so that it could not have lived past a minute or two, but must bleed to death; this might happen as she stood erect, and it is more likely to happen by a violent fit of coughing.

Acquitted .

251. (M.) Thomas Spines was indicted for forging and publishing an acquittance for 9 l. with intention to defraud Jenison Shaftoe , Esq ; April 8 . *

Jenison Shaftoe, Esq; The prisoner was my coachman ; he bought me three loads of hay and delivered me this receipt. (Produced in court.)

It is read:

"April 2d, 1767.

"Received then the contents of this bill,

" Per William Marsh ."

The bill above for three loads of buy at three guintas a load, 9 l. 9 s.

William Marsh . (He takes the bill and receipt in his hand) This writing on this paper is none of it my hand-writing Mr. Dugens's servant paid me 7 l. 10 s. for the three loads of hay at 50 s. a load, which I bargained with the prisoner for. The prisoner came to me about seven days after, and said the affair he had been guilty of was discovered, and begg'd I would take the rest of the money and write to his master to be favourable; he then apprehended there was a warrant out against him

George Davis . (He takes the paper in his hand) The prisoner came to me at the Three Kings in David-street, and desired me to write it: he said it was only a little trifling thing for three loads of hay, so I wrote the bill; it is for three loads of hay at three guineas a load; then he said, now write the receipt. I said I do not do that; he said he had lost the bill, and he must have one to shew his master, then I wrote the receipt.

Prisoner's defence.

I did not think any harm; I had lost the bill and I thought hay was at that price, as it was the your before.

Thomas Matthews . I live with Mr. Dugens; he does business for Mr. Marsh of Colney Hatch. I paid him 7 l. 10 s. for three loads of hay, that is 50 s. a load, I believe it was in the beginning of April, and gave the prisoner the bill and receipt by Mr. Marsh's order; the price of hay the year before was three guineas a load, or something better. I have known the prisoner four or five years; he has a very good character for what I know or heard.

Mr. Shaftoe. The prisoner was four years my coachman; I had no reason to think he had behaved ill before.

Mr. Trigg, a coachmaker in Wardour street, Mr. Pinkins, Mr. Twentyman, Mr. Hine, Mr. Wallington, Mr. Jonathan Dandy , and Mr. Stilling fleet, clerk of the Princess Amelia's stables, under whom the prisoner had lived above two years, all gave him a very good character.

Guilty . Death . Recommended.

252, 253. (M.) Lawrence Sweetman and Samuel Collins were indicted, for that they, together with Francis Gorman , convicted, and Thomas Brown , not taken, on the King's highway did make an assault on George Wheatley , putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and violently taking from his person a gold watch, value 8 l. a surtout coat, value 20 s. and three guineas , his property, March 31 . ||

George Wheatley . On Tuesday the 31st of March, about eight in the evening, I was in the Newington stage-coach on Kingsland-road; a little way from the Fox we were stopped by about five or six men; they abused me very much, and cut me with a hanger; they demanded my watch and money. I gave them all the silver I had; they made me come out of the coach, two of them held my arms: they took my outside coat off my back, and at the same time they kept beating me. They took from me about three guineas and a half, a gold watch, and a leather pocket-book. There were four passengers in the coach; they made all get out.

Jeremiah Ryan . Brown proposed to go out a robbing, we all agreed to it; there were Gorman, I, Brown, and the two prisoner, we had all pistols and cutlasses, and I had a stick in my hand. We stopped the Newington stage, and robbed four gentlemen that were in it and a gentlewoman; we got five guineas in gold and some silver, a gold watch and a coat; Sweetman insisted on having the coat, and the gentlemen would not give it him, so Brown struck at him. We went home; Gorman had the watch: we put five halfpence in a hat and hussled for it, and he hussled four heads, so the watch remained in his possession. Sweetman hindered Brown from cutting the gentleman, or he would have cut him more than he did.

John Noaks . I went in pursuit of the prisoners; we found this great coat upon the teaster of the bed where the prisoners lodged, and the gold watch was found in Gorman's chest. The servant-maid told me it was Gorman's room.

Margaret Dixon . I am servant where the prisoners lodged, I shewed the room to the constable Noaks. Collins, Sweetman, Ryan, and Brown, all came there between nine and ten that night; Mr. Noaks took a coat from off the teaster of the bed.

Mary Barrat . I am servant in the house where the prisoners were taken, the White Lion, Shadwell-market; they came in by chance, and had two pots of beer, about four in the afternoon on a Wednesday, and I found this pistol on the Saturday morning under where they sat.

Margaret Leach . Gorman lodged at my house eight weeks, he was ill of a fever; Sweetman and Ryan came to see him, and lay there one night or two. I know Ryan, Sweetman , Gorman, Brown and Collins, were all pretty great; they were all shipmates.

Sweetman's defence.

I never lay in that room but once in my life; I lay in the upper room.

John O'Hara . I have known Sweetman twelve months, he is a fallow-chandler, I have known his father and grandfather, very honest people; they live on the other side the water.

Q. Where?

O Hara. In Ireland.

George Graham . I am a grocer and soapboiler in Norton Falgate; he lived with me seven months; he was a good servant to me, and was honest as far as ever I saw.

- Murrey. I have known him about ten months, I never heard but he behaved very honestly.

- Ray. He lodged a few nights at my house. This Ryan used to come and call him out of his bed; he and another man with a knot over his eye have come four or five times, no more than ten days before this unhappy affair.

Mrs. Maguire. I have known him ten months, he has used my house with Murrey; I never saw any thing ill by him.

William Lay . I have known him five or six months; he has been trusted with a great many pounds, and always behaved well.

Collins's defence.

I am very wrongfully accused.

Capt. Haywood. Collins failed under my command almost a year and a half; he was cockswain. I thought him a very honest man.

Mr. Hill. I knew the prisoner before he came on board. I have known him eight years; he behaved well the time I knew him.

Mr. Little. I have known him from October, 1765; his character was always exceeding good.

Mr. Craighton. I have known him some years; he behaved well; he was one of my quarter masters, when I was master of a ship.

Both Guilty . Death .

254. (M.) Elizabeth Fletcher , spinster , was indicted for stealing a cotton gown and two yards of printed cotton , the property of Jeremiah Egan , Feb. 26 . ||

Jeremiah Egan . I am a taylor , my wife a mantua maker; the prisoner worked for her. There were goods missing which she acknowledged she stole from us.

Mrs. Egan. I missed the things mentioned; I found my gown at the prisoner's lodgings, and she acknowledged she had taken that and the other cotton.

Hannah Flet . (Produced the pieces of cotton) These he prison brought and pledged with me. (Deposed to Mrs. Egan.)

Prisoner's defence.

I have nothing to say.

Guilty 10 d. W .

255, 256. (M.) Samuel Clark was indicted for stealing four chariot springs, value 4 l. the property of Samuel Butler ; and Michael Sprage for receiving the same, well knowing them to have been stolen , April 28 . ||

Clark. I beg leave to withdraw my plea of not guilty, I plead guilty.

Samuel Butler . I am a coachmaker ; Clark was my servant , he was taken up last Tuesday; he owned he had taken the springs and sold them to Sprage, who lives over against my workshop in Parker's-lane, and deals in old iron and other things ; he must know Clark was my servant. The springs cost me above 4 l. and Clark confessed he sold them for 7 s. and some halfpence. I found them again in Sprage's shop.

William Bruce . I am a smith, I frequently deal with Sprage for old iron; he asked me if I would buy these springs, he told me he had four; I said I would help him to a chap; he set the price on them, 14 s. a hundred. I took one of them to a spring maker, and he knew the maker and sent for him. (The springs produced and deposed to.)

John Noaks . I went with a search warrant to Sprage's house; he said; I know what you want, you want the coach springs; they were produced, and the other prisoner sent for, who said Sprage gave him so much money for them.

George Goodwin . I made these springs; I went to Mr. Butler, knowing them to be his property, and acquainted them with it. Mr. Butler gave me 5 l. 10 s. for them; they are new.

Sprage's defence.

I never saw Clark when they were brought, nor never knew any thing of the matter till Tuesday last. Bruce came to my house with some old iron; he said let me take these springs to a gentleman to sell, I said you may. After he was gone, I said I was glad he had got them, being in hopes he would find out whose and what they were.

For the prisoner.

Elizabeth Cooper . I am servant to Mr. Sprage; Clark brought these springs to my master's house, I knew he was employed somewhere in Parker's lane, he used to deal at master's shop; he asked if he might leave a spring there; I said yes; after that be brought another, and after that another; he was to have them back in two or three days. He asked me to go and get him seven or eight shillings; I went and asked my mistress, she gave me 7 s. 4 d. I believe this was between ten and eleven at night on Saturday the 25th of April. Master never saw them the Tuesday morning; on the Tuesday he put his hand upon them and said, what is this copper. I said it is something that Clark brought; he said then go and find him, you silly woman. you do not know what you have done; what did you give him; I said 7 s. 4 d. he said, O sie, I wish the gentleman had them again.

Henry Martin . I am a Marshal's court officer. I had a writ to execute for Mr. Sprage; I went to take one of the parties on that Saturday, and was with Mr. Sprage from about one till twenty minutes after eleven at night in Long-acre.

John Maddox . I was with Mr. Sprage that night till about half an hour after eleven at night in Long-acre.

Elizabeth Iagram . I attended Mrs. Spragein her labour that Saturday night. The servant-maid came to her for 7 s. and 4 d. she said what is it for; she answered she should not tell her now, but would another time. Mr. Sprage was not then at home.

Mr. Thorpe, John Gatehouse, and Mr. Gay gave him a good character.

Clark Guilty . B .

Sprage Guilty . T. 14 .

257. (L.) William Hinesey was indicted for stealing twelve pounds weight of beef, value 3 s. the property of James Smith , March 28 . ++

The prosecutor is a butcher in Newgate-market . A rump of beef was missing from the stall, on the 28th of March, between eleven and twelve at night. Thomas Deacon , the apprentice, pursued and took the prisoner with it upon him in an alley going into St. Paul's church-yard.

Guilty 10 d. W .

258. (L.) Lawrence Haddin was indicted for stealing a pair of leather breeches, value 5 s. the property of William Taylor , March 11 .

William Taylor . I am an hostler at the Red Lion, Aldersgate-street . I lost a part of leather breeches out of the room where I lie. on the 11th of March; I searched about and found the prisoner in the hay-loft with them on, and we found his breeches in the hay. I never saw him before.

Guilty 10 d. W .

259, 260. (L.) John Mitchell and Thomas Anderson were indicted for stealing a linen handkerchief, value 18 d. the property of Samuel Frith , March. 8 ++

Samuel Frith . On Sunday the 8th of March, about eight in the evening, I was coming by St. Dunstan's church . The lecture was just done. I had felt my handkerchief in my pocket when at Temple-bar, and before I got to the hither end of the church, Mr. Pain asked me if my pocket was not picked; I found my handkerchief was gone; he shewed me and said, that what was the person that took it; I secured him; Pain went a little farther and took Anderson; Mitchell dropt two handkerchiefs cut of his pocket in taking him cross Fleet-street, neither of them were mine; we took them to Wood-street Compter, there we found five upon them; two upon Mitchell and three upon Anderson.

William Pain . On Sunday the 8th of March, I had been at St. Dunstan's church; I came out at the hither door, and saw the two prisoners, and two others less than they; the prosecutor came by with his coat unbottoned; they all four turned about; Mitchell was first and Anderson next; I saw Mitchell put his hand in the prosecutor's pocket, and take out a handkerchief; I tapp'd him on the shoulder, and told him what I had seen; he felt, and said, I have lost it sure enough; we seized the prisoners, the others made off; I had observed Anderson backwards and forwards with them several times, before the gentleman came by; he dropt a handkerchief just before I got him to St. Paul's church yard.

Mitchell's defence.

I never did such a thing in my life.

He called George Fowler , Mary Rice , and Mary Beadle , who gave him a good character.

Mitchell Guilty . T .

Anderson Acquitted .

261. (L.) William Clifford , was indicted for stealing a pickax, value 2 s. and an iron crow, value 12 d. the property of William Stockley , March 7 . ++

William Stockley . I am a bricklayer , and live in Crutched-friars ; on the 7th of March I was standing at my door, I saw the prisoner come from my shed, with a pickax and iron crow, my property; I went and took him with them upon him.

Guilty 10 d. T .

262. (L.) Skinner Hudson was indicted for stealing a wooden drawer called a till, and, 6 d. in money numbered , the property of Benjamin Cole , March 13 ++

Margarett Cole I am wife to Benjamin Cole , he is an engraver , we live at the corner of King's-head court, Holbourn ; on the 13th of March, the prisoner was about the shop some considerable time before he came in; after the shop was shut up at night, he knocked at the door; I did not open the shop door, but the side door; he pushed back, and said he wanted some of the night he came in before the shop was shut up, threw himself and the country, and ask the and ran away with it, two gentlemen after him; he threw the till down were about 3 or 4 s. in it when they took: up.

George Burten . I was going home from Chancery-lane; I saw the prisoner running, and the prosecutor after him; we ran and took him; I heard the money fall.

William Newton . I saw the prisoner throw the till away; I jumpt over it, and the money flew about; I got hold of him, and we took him to the watch-house. (The till produced and deposed to)

Prisoner's defence.

I was going home and they stopt me.

Guilty . T .

263. (L.) Enoch Glass was indicted for stealing 40 yards of woollen cloth called white lift bays, value 4 l. 14 s . the property of Benjamin Frich , April 29 . +

William Meads . Mr. James Watson ordered the cloth to be removed from Mr. Frich's, to Mr. Ellington's; I delivered twenty-seven pieces of this bays to a carman; after delivered, the carman and the prisoner would have faced me down there were but twenty-six pieces; I went a foot-way, waiting at a print-shop for their coming; they were lying but very loose upon the cart; I saw one of the pieces of bays fall down, and the prisoner pick it up; I thought he would have brought it to Mr. Ellington's; he went down Bartholomew-lane with it, and when I came to unload the pieces there were but twenty-six of them; we waited a good while, he never came; then I went to him in Leadenhall-market, and charged him with it; he began to be very impudent, and a set of fellows of the same business he is, [a porter ] took his part against me, and advised him to drub me; then I went for a warrant and he was committed.

Prisoner's defence.

The carman would have made affidavit there were but 26 pieces, but he is not here.

Guilty . T .

264. (L.) William Richardson was indicted for stealing a silk handkerchief, value 12 d. the property of Richard Crew , April 25 . +

Richard Crew I was going along Bishopsgate-street , about half an hour past one in the day; Mr. Maul came to me and said, Sir, you are robbed of your handkerchief; I felt, and perceived it was gone; I saw two boys running on the other side the way; we ran, when we came to Bishopsgate we lost them, presently we saw them running in the runs in Wormwood-street; we went and looked about there and found the prisoner, and upon: among some cask, fear where we found him. we found my handkerchief.

Joseph Maul . I saw the prisoner take the handkerchief out of the prosecutor's pocket he had made an attempt before and missed it. another boy with him; I informed Mr. Crew we pursued and found the prisoner had some sugar casks, and the handkerchief but way from him; the prisoner says he is but years of age. (The handkerchief produced and desposed to.)

Prisoner's defence.

I work at Mr. Nailor's a silver-spinner , in Bunhill-row ; this is my first fact, and my mother will be out of her wits if I was to be sent abroad.

Guilty . T .

265. (M.) John Carrol was indicted for stealing 300 pounds weight of lead, value 20 s. the property of George Hanway , Esq ; fixed to the dwelling-house of the said George , April 26 . +

Thomas Hays . I am a carpenter; last Saturday I was at work for Mr. Colins at the house of Esquire Hanway in Conduit-street ; and when I came again on the Monday, I found there were fifty-three feet of leaden pipe in one length, and eleven in another that lay in the street, that runs into the cistern in the house, from the New River waterworks, were taken away, and the pump was gone; part of the pipe I had taken up, and as I thought, secured it in a case, but that was broke to pieces.

John Walker . I am a watchman; that night between eleven and twelve, I heard a noise in the area of this house; I looked, and saw the prisoner there; he came up, I laid hold of him; he slipt away, I catched him again, and with assistance secured him in the watch-house; then I and James Share another watchman, went into the area; there we found the lead, and this hand-saw; (producing one) there is lead in the teeth of it, the case was puiled to pieces; the prisoner left his coat there, we carried it to him on the Monday morning, and he owned it: he has it on now.

Samuel Share confirmed the account be had given.

Prisoner's defence.

The area was open; I went down, there was no fence, the watchman came and knocked my hat off, and I never saw it since.

He called George Sinnot , James Fitzjames , William Hart , John Stapleton , Dennis Field , and Patrick Lane, who gave him a good character.

Guilty . T .

266. (M.) James Clark was indicted for stealing 30 pounds weight of pork called bacon, value 15 s. the property of John Lacey , April 29 .

John Lacey . I live at the corner of Wych-street , I am a cheesemonger and chandler ; last Wednesday evening a piece of bacon of about 30 pounds weight, was taken from my shop door; I pursued the prisoner and he was taken with it under his arm, under the gateway in Lion's inn.

John Crab . I saw the prisoner take the prosecutor's bacon; I acquainted him with he and I pursued, and we took him with it under Lion's-inn gateway.

Prisoner's defence.

I saw something lying in the gateway; I did not mind what it was, they said it was a piece of bacon, and they laid hold of me; I am a baker by trade.

Guilty . T .

267. (M.) Daniel Hobbs was indicted, for that he on the king's highway, on John Picket , Esq ; did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and violently taking from his person a gold watch, value 20 l. a cornelian seal set in gold, value 2 l. a gold mourning ring, value 10 s. a clasp pocket knife, value 6 d. five guineas and a half, and 13 s. in money numbered , the property of the said John, February 8 . +

John Picket , Esq; About a quarter past twelve at night, on the 8th of February, I was on foot alone, coming from Ratcliff; and between that and Goodman's-fields , I was either pushed down, or knocked down by a man; I believe it was the latter; I cannot swear to the man; I thought there were two men, but am not sure; I saw no arms; I can't remember the man said any thing to me before I was down.

Q. Had you been drinking?

Picket. I had.

Q. Can you tell whether you was tripped up, or how?

Picket. I certainly was struck down; I made no resistance.

Q. Did the man ask you for your money?

Picket. No, he took it when I was down, without asking; he took my gold watch, and mourning ring, five guineas and a half, and 14 or 15 s. in silver from me.

Thomas Gardner . I received a letter from Mr. Alsorth of Isleworth, wherein he acquainted me there was a gold watch with my name, No 334 l. had been offered to a neighbour of his for four guineas and a half, I went there after the watch was delivered into my hand, I knew it, having made it for the prosecutor, and he gave me twenty-six guineas for it; I asked for the man that had it; the woman said he was at her house; we sent for an officer, and he was taken at the Red Lion ther it was the prisoner at the bar he had a cocka in his hat, was a ma; we searched him, the first thing taken from him was a clasp kane the prisoner was then charged with robbing the prosecutor; it was asked whether he had any body with him in this affair; he said there was nobody but himself, that the gentleman was very much in liquor, and he followed him, and when he attacked him he tell like a log upon his back, and then he took the watch and things from him; I asked him after the ring, he said he had it about him; then he took it out of his pocket in a purse, and delivered it, we took him before Sir John Fielding , and he committed him.

John Lewis . I am headborough and beadle of the parish of Isleworth; I took this clasp knife out of the prisoner's pocket on the 18th of February; (the watch, ring, purse, and knife, produced and deposed to by prosecutor) I was sent for to the Red Lion, there was the watchmaker, and they had the prisoner there; they charged him with robbing a captain on the highway; the prisoner said he was the man, and mentioned the several things he had taken from him; but said, the captain may say what he will, I took no more money from him than two guineas, two half guineas, and about 12 or 13 s.

Eleanor Ansel . My mother keeps the Red Lion at Isleworth; the prisoner brought a watch and desired me to say it by for him; (she is shewed the watch) I believe it to be the same but cannot swear to it; I laid it by, and after that delivered it to my sister, the next witness.

Anne Catharine Pruda . I received this watch (I believe it to be the same) of my sister, and delivered it to a boy to carry to Mr. Alsorth.

Mr. Alsorth. Mrs. Ansel sent this watch to me, to get the opinion of a gentleman at Isleworth of the value of it; he informed me it was a gold watch of value, and advised them not to buy it; I saw the knife, purse, and ring taken from the prisoner, which the prosecutor swore to.

Prisoner's defence.

I am quite innocent of the affair; I asked liberty of my captain to come to London, he granted me two days. I went into New Gravel-lane, and returned the next morning. I picked these things up upon the road.

Guilty . Death .

268. (M.) John Edwards was indicted for stealing a crape gown, value 10 s. the property of Elizabeth Sawyer , Feb. 9 . +

Elizabeth Sawyer . I live in Chandler's-street by Grosvenor-square. On the 9th of February I missed my crape gown, and found it again on the 10th, at Mrs. Platt's, at the Cock in Monmouth-street. I did not know the prisoner before.

Sarah Platt . I live in Monmouth-street; the prisoner sold this gown to me on the 9th of February; (produced and deposed to by prosecutrix) the prosecutrix found it at my house the 10th. About ten days after he came to sell two more gowns, and I had him taken up.

Prisoner's defence.

They were my wife's gowns. I am a Smith, and live in Tyburn-road; the last place I work'd at was in Westminster; I have worked for three or four masters, but they are all dead.

Sarah Platt . The gowns were not all of a length, they did not appear to be made for one woman.

Guilty . T .

269. (M.) Margaret, wife of Charles Hamilton , was indicted for stealing a cotton gown, value 8 s. and a linen apron, value 6 s. the property of Reuben Powell , March 13 . +

Reuben Powell . I live in St. Catharine's. My wife lost a gown and apron; the next day I charged the prisoner with taking them: she acknowledged she had, and had pawned them for 6 s. I asked her what she had done with the money; she said it was spent and d - d. We went as she directed, and got them out; the gown was for 4 s. and apron 2 s. (Produced and deposed to by Anne his wife.)

Prisoner's defence.

I fetched the apron cut, and the prosecutor's wife made a debt of it, and said she would not hurt a hair of my head; she wore the apron some days after.

Anne Powell . It was not fetched out till this day. She paid me no money, neither did I make it a debt.

Guilty . T .

270, 271. (L.) Matherinii Maraux and Bartholomew Dartee , were indicted for stealing a cloth coat and waistcoat trimmed with gold, value 4 l. a cloth coat, value 10 s. a pair of cloth breeches, value 8 s. a pair of leather breeches, value 6 s. a gold laced hat, value 10 s. six pair of silk hose, value 30 s. three pair of cotton hose, value 6 s. three pair of thread hose, value 6 s. eight linen shirts, value 4 l. four linen shirts, value 15 s. a cotton waistcoat, value 6 s. a pair of cotton drawers, value 2 s. two swords, value 20 s. eight linen napkins, value 10 s. three linen handkerchiefs, value 10 s. four cotton handkerchiefs, value 5 s. a pair of stone shoe-buckles set in silver, value 20 s. and a pair of knee-buckles, value 2 s. the property of John Lewis Chevelier , in the dwelling-house of Samuel Noon , Dec. 27 . ++

The prisoners and prosecutor were foreigners, an interpreter was sworn.

John Lewis Chevelier . I lodged at the house of Samuel Noon , the Robin Hood near Temple-bar , and am a fencing-master . The two prisoners are foreigners and destitute; I took a room for them in the same house, and used to go about among French people and get money for them, to send them into their own country. I went out and left them in my room, and when I returned I found my room stripped and they were gone. I lost all the things mentioned in the indictment (naming them) afterwards I found a coat, a pair of breeches, hat, cotton waistcoat, drawers, and buckles, at different pawnbrokers.

Mrs. Chevelier. I am wife to the prosecutor. I had had a quarrel with the ambassador's servant on Saturday the 27th of December, and there was a warrant, and I was carried before the Justice; when I returned, all the things mentioned in the indictment were gone, and the two prisoners also. I was afterwards sent for to Sir John Fielding 's; then I was ordered to go to Westminster to see the prisoners; I went and found them.

Q. Did you authorise the prisoners, or either of them, to take any of these things?

Mrs. Chevelier. No, I never did. When they were before the Justice, they confessed where some of the things were: some at Mr. Watson's and some at Mr. Govan's.

William Preston . I am assistant to Mr. Watson, a pawnbroker. On the 16th of January a woman came and said she came from Sir John Fielding 's, and said she wanted all the goods pawned in the name of Dartee, and I delivered a waistcoat and four towels. I do not know who pledged them. (He produced the tickets with the name Dartee upon them, pledged the 27th of November.)

Adam Govan . On the 27th of December the two prisoners (to the best of my knowledge) pledged a pair of stone shoe and knee-buckles set in silver to me for half a guinea; and about two months ago the prosecutor and his wife came to my house and told me there had been such things stole from them, and desired me to deliver them up, I told them I should be very ready to assist them, if they could prove they were stolen, and would prosecute. (Produced and deposed to.)

Maraux's defence.

I knew the prosecutor's wife in France, she was my mistress; she complained of her husband: using her ill, and wanted me to go to France with her; she said her husband beat her, and knocked her about every day; I took a waistcoat, a gold laced hat, a great coat, and other things, and raised three guineas and a half upon them; she wanted me to give her a bill for 12 l. if I would not have her appear against me.


Mrs. Chevelier received the tickets for what they were pawned, and got them out again; she has often been to us in prison, and made proposals for us not to expose her; the turnkey knows it.

A turnkey sworn. I have seen the gentlewoman in Newgate with the prisoners, converting together in French several times.

Both Guilty 39 s. T .

272 ( M) Samuel Mitchell was indicted, for that he, together with three or more persons unknown, being armed with offensive weapons, were aiding and assisting in rescuing 900 pounds weight of tea, from the house of James Langley , in the parish of Totney in the county of Devon , the duty of which was due to his Majesty, and had not been paid nor secured, which had before been seized by Thomas Skinner and Richard Bays , February 25, 1766 . ||

Daniel Shafe and Nicholas Brooking , two land-waters at Dartmouth, having information of a large quantity of run tea, lodged in a barn in the parish of Harverton, on the 25th of February, 1766, went with Richard Viney , a waterman, and other assistance, and brought away the quantity mentioned in the indictment, and lodged it in the house of James Langly at Totney; in about ten days after the house was surrounded with men who came on her back, who obliged the people, for to prevent farther mischief, to open the door; some of them went in and took the tea out, and carried it away on their horses. Shafe deposed one of the seven or eight men that came into the house was like the prisoner, but would not swear to him. Brookey deposed the prisoner was one of the men that came in, but they offered no violence to nobody, neither could he say they had any instruments in their hands. The evidence not amounting to the charge in the indictment, he was acquitted .

(M) He was a second indicted for being armed an assembled, with fifteen or more at Heavytree in the county of Devon , in order to be aiding and assisting in the running of goods that had not paid the duty, and for unlawfully and riotously making an assault upon William Hunt , and John Crutchet , two officers of his Majesty's customs, in the execution of their duty, in seizing uncustomed goods , April 19. 1766 .

William Hunt . I am a custom-house officer ; having received intelligence of goods coming, I and three others went on the 19th of April to see for them; we divided: I and Crutchet went to Old Abbey. I saw several horses and men to the number of twenty and more, with oil bags, he was not; what happened to him I do not know; I believe most of the men were armed with large sticks, and whips; when I came up to them, having said nothing to them, one of them said, d - n your blood, what do you here at this time of the night; he struck me a violent blow on one side my head, so that my eyelid hung down; he knocked me down, and after that my horse was knocked down; and another person came and struck me two or three more blows; they asked me my name; I told them, and that I was an officer; my shoulder was dislocated, and not set till three weeks after.

Q. Did you attempt to seize?

Hunt. I did not attempt it, seeing the gang was so large.

John Crutchet . I am a tide man at Exeter: I saw several horses laden with oil bags; ing such a number, I said nothing to them, but past through them; as I was passing them, several of them struck at me, but more of them hit me; they said, d - n you, who are you, what do you do here at this of the night; me and several to behave were given to

Q. Did you after?

Crutchet. No, we them, we could have done nothing ber was so great; but we should be a rest of the company, in order elsewhere.

Thomas Gush . I was one of the; we all agreed together if there was should go share and share alike; that the the easier. We had all common whips, such as the smugglers generally ride with; some had sticks heavy at one end. The prisoner was with us, one of the company.

Q. What had the prisoner?

Gush. He had either a stick or a whip, I do not know which. As we were coming up to Old Abbey, I saw a horse come in without a rider: I took him by the rein and led him up to a man standing without a hat; it was Mr. Hunt, but at that time I did not know it was he. I held the bridle to him, and said here is your horse. I asked him who he was; he said his name was Hunt. He then said to me, Mr. Bowls, I thought you would not have served me so; (he took me for Bowls) he rides a remarkable horse; mine was such a one, and he took me for him.

John Downs . I was one of this gang of smugglers; there were about twenty in number, met together to run goods up the country. We came from Alderney, we crossed the Aix, and I was one of the foremost. I met two men, I knew not who they were. Soon after that I heard an alarm, but saw no blows struck, neither was I within 20 yards at the time; hearing an outcry, I looked and saw a man on the ground standing, but did not know who it was.

Q. Was Mitchell one of your gang?

Downs. Yes, he was, he belonged to the other party; there were two parties of us, we had joined.

Q. Did you know him before?

Downs. I did, I knew him well before.

Q. What instrument had you?

Downs. I had a little ash stick.

Q. What did you carry that for?

Downs. To protect myself against robbers and officers.

Acquitted .

273, 274, 275. (M.) William Mallett and Edward Hull were indicted, for that they, with George Bart and Michael Doyle , (not taken) did steal six whips mounted in silver, value 20 s. four jockey whips mounted in silver, six swish whips mounted in silver, and two walking whips mounted in silver , the property of William Green ; and Samuel Stevens for receiving one swish whip, well knowing it to have been stolen , April 5 ||

William Green. I am a sadler ; I live at the corner of South Audley-street, Golden-square . Last Sunday three weeks, I missed three or four and twenty whips, all of them either cap'd or button'd, mounted in silver. I had information given me that same night, that Mallett, Hull, Michael Doyle , and George Burt , brought a quantity of whips up into the room where the next evidence was in bed.

Q. Where were they taken from?

Green. There were light-holes upon each of the window-shutters to my shop; at each hole they broke the glass, and then could reach through and take the whips.

Q. Did you ever find any of your whips again?

Green. No I never did.

Sarah Davis . One night when I lay in Gray's-inn lane, Mallett, Hull, Burt, and Doyle, came in; it was dark, but in the morning I saw them looking over some whips, they had silver handles. I got up and went away, and left them there. At another time Mallett brought one whip and left it; Stevens was there two or three days after, and he took it away with him.

Q. Do you know what is become of any of the whips?

Davis. No, I do not.

Q. What night were the whips brought into that room?

Davis. It was betwixt a Saturday evening and a Sunday morning, about three weeks ago.

Q. Did you hear any of the four men mention where they had them?

Davis. No, I did not.

Q. What sort of a whips was it that Stevens took away?

Davis. It was a new whip.

Q. Did you hear Mallett say that was one of them that he had brought to Gray's-inn-lane before?

Davis. No.

Q. Whose room was it you lay in?

Davis. It was Michael Doyle 's room.

David Hartley . I am a constable. I was going my rounds on Friday night was three weeks, I found Mallett at the corner of a shop in Tyburn-road; I knowing him to be a thief, examined him if he had any tools about him to break houses; I found nothing but a knife, I let him go. Looking about, I found a hole bored with a centre-bit in the window-shutter; I desired the watchman to put his candle out. I went down the street, Mallett was on the other side; I went to him, and asked him if he would give me any thing to drink: he said he had no blunt, he had only thrums, that is a cant-word in their language for 3 d. He came over the way, I took him to the round-house; then I shewed him the shop that had the hole bored in it; after that this breast-wimble and centre-bit in it (produced in court) was found under the window, but he disowned knowing any thing of it. This girl Davis told me of two Jews that the prisoners were acquainted with, but they were not to be found. I went to take Stevens one day last week; he said, you are come too late, I knew of your coming. I searched for the whip but that was gone.

Q. to S. Davis. What do you know concerning two Jews?

Davis. There were two Jews that lived in Houndsditch. I was sent with a letter to them, to let them know Mr. Mallett was in prison, to desire they would let him have a trifle of money. I found only one of their wives; I let her know he was in goal, and her husband must let him have a trifle of money, or he would give an account of something that he would not like. I mentioned this to Mr. Hartley, and went with him and shew'd him the house.

Mallett's defence.

I met this Mr. Hartley, we talked about something; he took all the things out of my pocket; he asked me for my watch, I said I had none; he let me go, I went up as far as Oxford-market; then he came and called to me, I went to him; he told me I had been a glazing.

Hartley. That in their language is house-breaking.

Hull's defence.

I know no more of this affair than your Lordship; I don't know where this girl's lodgings are.

Stevens's defence.

I know nothing about it, I never was in the girl's room in my life; there came two or three people to me and asked me for the whip; they searched the house all over, and could find none; they said you may as well tell where it is, you have put it out of the way. They took me to a public-house, and wanted to get something out of me. They are some of Sir John Fielding 's people, and live by what they can make that way.

All three acquitted .

276. Charles Day was indicted for wilful and corrupt perjury .

The prosecutor was called and did not appear.

Acquitted .

Francis Gorman was executed on Monday the 4th of May.

The trials being ended, the court proceeded to give judgment as follows:

Received sentence of Death, 17.

Mary Peck , Thomas Smith , James Simpson , David Roberts , William Elliott , John Benham , John Harris , Richard Leach , Samuel Knock , Jacob Wood , JohnM'Donnell , Daniel Hobbs , Thomas Spines , Lawrence Sweetman , Samuel Collins , Francis Gorman , and Henry Johnson .

Transportation for 14 years, 2.

Charles Merritt , and Michael Sprage .

Transportation for 7 years, 44.

Patrick Chaff , George Claxton , Anne Stafford , William Bradshaw , James Butler , Anne Price , Thomas Parry , Charles Wright , William Mason , Thomas Cap , John Mitchell , William Clifford , Skinner Hudson , Enoch Glass , William Richardson , Mary Dilkill , Sarah Boast , otherwise Sidall, Thomas Donnelly , Mary Bartlett , Frances Williams , Samuel Allison , Susanna Sherman , Peter Price , otherwise Thrift, otherwise Church, Charles Downe , Patrick Conner , Elizabeth Wilson , George Cooper , Charles Miller , Henry Black , John Ford , John Hill, Charles Manwarring , John Cooper , John Wildman , Horton Dunn , William Rich , Elizabeth Doman , John Cole , John Carrol , James Clark , John Edwards , Margaret Hamilton , Matherinii Maraux , and Bartholomew Dartee .

Branded, 2.

Samuel Clark , and James Finch .

Whipped, 4.

Elizabeth Fletcher , Anne Garbett , William Hinesey , and Lawrence Haddin .

Francis Gorman was executed on Monday the 4th of May.

Just Published, Price bound EIGHT SHILLINGS,

Curiously engraved by the best Hands, a new Edition, being the SIXTH,

(Dedicated, by Permission, to the Right Hon. JOHN EARL of BUCKINGHAMSHIRE, Baron of Blickling, one of the Lords of the Bedchamber to his Majesty, and one of his Majesty's most Hon. Privy Council)


The whole is founded on so just a Plan, that it is wrote with greater Expedition than any yet invented, and likewise may be read with the greatest Ease.


Sold by Mr. Buckland, Mr. Rivington, Mr. Dilly, Mr. Wilkie, Mr. Johnson, Mr. Williams, Mr. Dartnall, Mr. Curtis, Mr. Kearsly, Mr. Payne, Mrs. Onion, and by the Author, at his House on the Narrow Wall, Lambeth; and by his Son Joseph Gurney , Bookbinder, in Bread-street.

Note, The Book is a sufficient Instructor of itself; but if any Difficulty should arise, all Letters Post paid) to the Author shall be duly answered.