Old Bailey Proceedings Online (www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 6.0, 21 April 2014), May 1764 (17640502).

Old Bailey Proceedings, 2nd May 1764.

THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS ON THE King's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol-Delivery FOR THE CITY of LONDON; And also the Gaol-Delivery for the County of MIDDLESEX, HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL in the OLD-BAILEY, On Wednesday the 2d, Thursday the 3d, Friday the 4th, Saturday the 5th, and Monday the 7th, of MAY.

In the Third Year of His MAJESTY's Reign. Being the Fourth SESSION in the MAYORALTY of The Right Honourable William Bridgen , Esq; LORD-MAYOR of the CITY of LONDON.

NUMBER IV. PART I. for the YEAR 1764.


Sold by W. NICOLL, in St. Paul's Church-yard.

[Price SIX-PENCE.]


King's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol-Delivery, held for the City of LONDON, &c.

BEFORE the Right Honourable WILLIAM BRIDGEN , Esquire, Lord Mayor of the City of London; Lord Mansfield *; Baron Smythe +; James Eyre , Esquire, Recorder ++; and others of his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer, of the City of London, and Justices of Gaol-Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City and County of Middlesex.

N. B. The *, +, and ++, refer to the Judges before whom the Prisoner was tried.

L. London, M. Middlesex.

London Jury.

William Walker ,

John Jones ,

Edward George ,

Thomas Sowerby ,

John Fasson ,

Thomas Houston ,

Theomartyr Crane ,

Charles Harman ,

Thomas Whitton ,

John Cook ,

Thomas Ward ,

John Archer ,

Middlesex Jury.

Thomas Nicholl ,

John Haley ,

John Briant ,

Francis Page ,

Edmund Franklin ,

Francis Briant ,

Thomas Lightwood ,

Richard Beal , *

* William Budge served part of the time in the room of Richard Beal.

William Cox ,

John Chandler ,

Peter Sharpley ,

Joseph Surity .

221. (L.) William King was indicted for stealing one linen handkerchief, value 2 s. the property of Edward Miller , April 19 . ++

Edward Miller . On the 19th of April, betwixt ten and eleven at night, I was coming down Fleet-street, and when upon Ludgate-hill, a little above Mr. Ashley's punch-house , I felt a person at my pocket drawing my handkerchief out; I turned round and found my handkerchief gone, and no person near me but the prisoner: He was within a yard or less of me; I took hold of him, and brought him into the punch house; the handkerchief was found lying on the ground just behind him in the house; a woman took it up. (Produced in court, and deposed to.) I did not see him drop it.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was coming along, the gentleman laid hold of me, and took me into the punch-house, and charged me with taking his handkerchief, and a woman brought it in out of the street.

Prosecutor. I saw it lying on the ground in the punch-house.

Acquitted .

222, 223. (M.) James Cowen , and Mary Cowen , spinster , were indicted, the first for stealing six linen huckaback cloths, value 3 s. fifteen napkins, value 22 s. two linen wrappers, value 2 d. four knives and forks, value 12 d. three glass bottles, with wine in them, value 12 d. one other glass bottle, filled with mountain, value 12 d. three bottles, with red port, value 3 s. one ditto, filled with madera, value 2 s. one ditto, filled with claret, value 4 s. one ditto, filled with claret and burgundy, mixed, value 4 s. one ditto, filled with rum, value 2 s. one ditto, filled with arrack, value 3 s. one ditto, filled with oil, value 12 d. the property of Richard Andrews ; and the other, for receiving part of the said goods, well knowing them to have been stolen , April 10 . ++

Richard Andrews . I keep the Crown and Mitre tavern in the Strand . On the 10th of April, in the morning, one of my waiters informed me that the preceding day his box was broke open, and some money taken out, and my other servants had complained of being robbed of linen and things: I ordered every man's box to be searched in his bed-chamber, as I had lost variety of things. The man at the bar was one of my servants , and knowing he had a poor sister in my neighbourhood to whom he used often to resort, I applied to a magistrate for a warrant to search her lodgings, where I found abundance of napkins my property, marked R. A. and some knives and forks and wine of sundry sorts in bottles; on most of them were my mark; two of the napkins were sewed together, which the sister owned she had done herself to make a table-cloth; one of them appeared to have the mark taken out; she said her brother brought the things there, and that they were my property, before the justice. The brother said, To be sure he carried the napkins there with intent to have them washed, and to bring them back again. I do not remember any thing was said by him about the bottles of wine.

On his cross examination he said, The prisoner had lived with him about ten years and a half: that he paid a great regard to him, and he never had any reason to suspect him before: That he takes the wine left by customers as his property, as they leave it for the advantage of the house; but that it is a common thing for the waiters (of which he has generally five or six) if they go into the room before the master, to take what is left in the bottles, and apply them to their own use: That he never countenanced their taking such wine out of the house to alehouses, but should not deny their drinking it at his own house.

Mrs. Andrews. When they were searching the waiters boxes, I observed the prisoner very busy in taking something from his box, and concealing it under his bed-cloths; I went and turned the cloaths down, and found there three glass cloths and ten napkins. My method is to deliver the waiters a certain number of glass cloths in a week, and when they give me back a dirty one, I deliver them a clean one. I employ a washer-woman to wash my linen, and do not expect the waiters to deliver the cloths clean to me.

Richard Holloway . I am a waiter at the prosecutor's. I saw the prisoner putting things behind the bed-cloths when they were searching, and I saw my mistress go and take some napkins and cloths from the bed-cloths.

John Kirby . I am constable. I executed the search-warrant. (He produced twelve damask napkins and glass cloths, two rubbers, and a china bason, deposed to by Mrs. Andrews.) These were found when we searched the woman at the bar's lodging. The man said he carried them to his sister's in order to have them washed; and the sister said, he brought them in his pocket, at different times, for her to wash them.

James Cowen's Defence.

It is usual for all waiters in town to carry napkins in their pockets; as to the wine that gentlemen leave in bottles, that lies among the waiters; sometimes on an evening we save three or four bottles; and I have often carried a bit of fowl that has been left to my sister, and a napkin to be washed; the wine that is left we carry it into the garret, and save it among ourselves; I know nothing of the Rum and Arrack.

Mary Cowen's Defence.

I met with an accident one day as I was going to iron, and could not do any business for a month, which was the reason I had so many dirty napkins by me.

The prisoners called John Trufsen , Thomas Pain , Samuel Bignal , and John Oliver , all waiters, who said it was customary with waiters, when any ullage was left, to eat what they like, and save the wins for themselves.

Mr. John Berry , who had known the man 8 or 9 years; Mr. John Prince , about 14; Mr. Alexander Duglass , Mr. Francis Lawrance , Mr. Grenley, Mr. William Barber , and Mr. George Carnaby , about 12 years; all gave him an exceeding good character.

Dr. Burch, with whom Mary Cowen had lived servant about four years; Mrs. Shore, Mrs. Elsley, Walter King , and Mary King , all gave her a good character.

Both Acquitted .

224, 225. Edward Murphy , and John Cunnigham , were indicted for stealing a watch, the inside case gold, and outside shagreen, value 10 l. the property of Joseph Dalmada , Esq ;

To which they pleaded guilty . T .

226. (M.) Joseph Radman was indicted, for that he, together with James Rockett and Timothy Steward , in a certain alley and open place, near the king's highway, on John Pennington did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and taking from his person a metal watch, value 3 l. three metal seals, value 12 d. a watch brass key, value 1 d. three guineas, and five shillings in money, numbered, his property, and against his will , Nov. 20 . *

The prosecutor, Lowther the evidence, and the rest of the evidences, deposed as on the trial of Rockett and Steward, capitally convicted for the same, and since executed. See No. 206, and 207, in last Sessions paper, to which for want of room the reader is referred.

Guilty . Death .

227. (M.) William Turner , otherwise Court , was indicted, for that he, on the King's highway, on John Lawford did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and violently taking sixpence from his person, his property , March 23 . *

John Lawford . I was coming to London in a little cart, in the parish of Little Stanmore : a person came to me on horseback, and said, Hollo, stop: I said, What do you want? He said, Your money: I told him I had but a very little, but I would give him all I had. I put my hand in my pocket, and gave him sixpence, and three farthings, and said, this is all: He said, a very little indeed: He returned me the three farthings, saying, it was of no use to him: He put the sixpence in his pocket, and said, it was a very small matter.

Q. Can you tell who that man was?

Lawford. He had a great coat on, buttoned up almost to his nose. I was sent for, two or three days after that, to know if I knew the man; there was the prisoner, I said, before the justice; I believed he was the man that robbed me; I saw the mare in the stable where the prisoner was taken; she was a poor looking thing; I believe it to be the same the man rode that robbed me; it is the same colour and size; but I did not know, when I was robbed, whether it was a horse or a mare.

Robert Paternoster . I found this pistol ( producing one) under the manger where the prisoner's horse stood, as I was told, but I did not see the prisoner.

Q. to prosecutor. Did the man offer any pistol to you?

Prosecutor. No, he did not.

William Willson . The prisoner came to my house; he was suspected to be a highwayman; after we sat up with him to guard him, the next morning I went to look about to see if I could find any arms or things, but could find nothing; Paternoster said, Give me leave to go and search; he was not gone five minutes before he returned with this pistol; it was found in the stall where the prisoner's horse stood; it was loaded.

Joseph Ratcliff . On the 1st of March a person came to recommend the prisoner to me to hire my mare; we agreed; he was to give me eight shillings for her for two days, and if he staid three he was to give me half a guinea; three days were to be the longest; he not returning, I advertised my mare twice, but I heard nothing of her till I believe the 28th of March; then I found her at the house where the prisoner was taken.

Q. What colour was your mare?

Ratcliff. Mine is a black mare.

Q. Had you ever let him your mare before?

Ratcliff. No, never. He told me he was going twenty miles down into Kent.

Q. Where do you live?

Ratcliff. I live at the Greyhound in Grub-street.

The prisoner said nothing in his defence.

Guilty . Death .

228. (M.) Mary Watts , spinster , was indicted for stealing ten guineas, the property of Joannah Holmes , in the dwelling-house of the said Joannah . *

Joannah Holmes. The prisoner was my servant ; I went out and left her at home; I left 42 guineas; all of the present king's coin, in my cabinet; at my return I missed ten guineas, and a great many other things; I charged her with taking them; she acknowledged she had taken them; eight guineas, of this king's coin, were found in her box, which she acknowledged to be mine; she likewise told me where she had changed the other two; one at a butcher's, and the other at the sign of the ship.

Mr. Manley. The prosecutrix applied to me for a warrant to take up the prisoner; I granted her one, and likewise a search warrant, and was there at the opening the prisoner's box: There were found eight guineas and other things, that the prisoner acknowledged she had bought for 23 l. odd money. She gave no account how she came by the money. She at first owned to me that she opened the cabinet, and took out seven guineas.

Ann Tucker . I was before Mr. Manley when he examined the prisoner; she denied it a good while, but I heard her knowledge afterwards that the night that my mistress went to the Cat's Opera, she broke my mistres's cabinet open, and took out the money.

James Brown . I am constable. I was at the prisoner's examination; I heard her confess to the taking the money.

Prisoner's Defence.

I don't know what I said; they opened my box, and took my money out.

For the Prisoner.

Edward James . I keep a public-house next door to the lady; the girl has come to my house for beer, I have scored beer short, and she has told me of it several times.

Guilty . Death .

229. (M.) John Sidnell was indicted for stealing two cloth coats, value 10 s. two cloth waistcoats, value 5 s. one pair of stone shoe buckeles, set in silver, value 4 s. and one pair of stone knee buckcles, set in silver, value 2 s. the property of John Horton , Esq ; April 6 . *

John Horton , Esq; The prisoner was my servant . I went out on the 6th of April, and did not return till morning, at which time I missed my cloaths mentioned in the indictment; the prisoner was missing; he was taken; and charged with taking the things mentioned; and acknowledged he did.

Francis Rochford . I am a pawnbroker. The prisoner brought these buckles on the 6th of April. (Produced in court, and deposed to by prosecutor.)

William James , and Thomas Liney , two pawnbrokers, produced each a coat and waistcoat, which they deposed they took in of the prisoner. (Deposed to by prosecutor.)

Mr. Dawson. Upon enquiring after the prisoner, I found he was gone to Gravesend; I went there and found him; he had paid half his passage to go to Holland; I charged him with taking the things mentioned; he acknowledged he had taken them; he has been about nine months in the first regiment of foot-guards; he behaved well as a soldier. The prosecutor is an officer in the same regiment.

The prisoner said nothing in his defence.

Guilty . T .

230. (M.) Mary, Wife of John Joyce , was indicted for stealing one blanket, value 2 s. one linen sheet, value 2 s. one copper tea-kettle, value 2 s. one flat iron, value 6 d. the property of William Williams , in a certain lodging-room let by contract, &c . Feb. 23 . *

William Williams . About a fortnight or three weeks after Christmas, the prisoner came and took a lodging of me, ready furnished, for her husband and she. She said her husband was a waterman. Upon the 23d of February my wife and I went into her room; we missed the things mentioned; she went out, and locked the prisoner and I into the room; she got a constable; we took the prisoner up; she confessed she had taken the things mentioned, and had pawned them for 2 s. each.

Allice, his wife, confirmed the testimony he had given.

James Brown . I am constable. The prisoner owned, in my hearing, she had taken and pawned the things, it being very hard times and cold weather, and her husband, being a waterman, had no work. The man is a very industrious man, and I always looked upon her to be very honest.

Prisoner's Defence.

I took and pledge them with no other intention but to get them again, and put them in their places.

Guilty . W .

231. (L.) Emanuel Hyam was indicted for stealing a silver crown, gilt with gold, value 10 l. a tissue cloke, value 3 l. a silk roller, value 12 d. and a silk curtain, with gold fringe, value 3 l. the property of Hannah Solomons , widow , February 24 . ++

Joseph Gompertz . I am overseer of the poor in our synagogue . On the 25th of February, in the morning, the clerk came to me, and told me our synagogue had been robbed, on the 24th at night. I went to Goldsmith's-Hall, and had these goods advertised, ten guineas reward. The Friday following, being the 2d of March, Mr. Smithson came to my house with the prisoner, and brought the goods; and told me, that the prisoner was the person that took them out of the synagogue. The prisoner then owned he was locked into the synagogue, and when we were all gone out, he took the things away. (The goods produced in court.) These are the property of Mrs. Hannah Solomons: the clerk brings them on the Friday afternoon, to be used on the Saturday morning, our sabbath.

Mr. Smithson. The prisoner is a Jew; he used to look after my horse: I went to give the horse some corn in the stable; I had sent the prisoner out: I seeing a bag, took it out; there were these things here produced in it; I went and carried the bag, with the things in it, to Mr. Ritherdson's, and ran back to the stable, and met the prisoner. I took him back to the stable, and locked the door, and went home. I had not been at home above ten minutes, before the prisoner came to my house; I said to him, Stay here till I go to Mr. Ritherdon. When I came there, Mr. Ritherdon shot them out, and said, These are the things which the synagogue was robbed of: I said it must be the prisoner that took them; I said he was then at my house: I went to him, and said, Emanuel, what the d - I have you been doing of? he fell a crying. I took him to Mr. Ritherdon, who asked him how he came by them? he said, he got into the synagogue one night; that the door went with a spring lock, so that they within could get out; and they without, could not get in; he let himself out with the things, and nobody was concerned with him, and that nobody persuaded him to do it. I went with the prisoner to Mr. Gompertz's: there he told Mr. Gompertz how he got in and out, all the same as he had told me; and after that, he told it before us and Mr. Gompertz's two sons, that he did it himself, and no other was concerned with him. Though I was in the country all that night, yet I was accused by the Jews as being a party concerned with him: the boy said before my Lord Mayor, that I carried part of the things to the stable; and he produced two men, one said he had seen me five or six times in the synagogue (and I never was there in my life): the prisoner confessed he had sold part of the gold fringe to Mr. Plunk, in Long-acre; and after that, he said I was along with him in Long-acre, and received part of the money.

Mr. Ritherdon. On Friday the 2d of March, between one and two in the day, Mr. Smithson came running into my shop, with a bag in his hand; I having a customer in the shop, could not speak to him, but sent for him presently after; he said to me, Have you locked at these things? I looked at them, and immediately said, these are the things that were taken out of the Jew's synagogue: he said, then the Jew boy that looks after my horse has done it, and he is at my house now; I said, go and fetch him; he did: I told the boy he had done something that I believed would hang him: he said, no; he had broke no lock. I said, was any body concerned with you? he said, no, nobody. I asked him, what could induce him to do it? he said, he could not tell. Mr. Smithson asked him the same questions, and he answered him the same. He said it was the first fact he ever did, and desired I would speak to Mr. Gompertz for him.

Q. Why did the Jews charge Mr. Smithson with it?

Ritherdon. After the prisoner had been with young Mr. Gompertz, Mr. Solomons was very earnest to have the boy go with him; I said to Smithson, you must not let him go out of your sight. Mr. Smithson said to him, What do you want with the boy? his answer was, I'll plump you, and away they went together. Presently after they came back; he came to me in the shop, and said, Mr. Ritherdon, I want to speak with you; the boy says Mr. Smithson is concerned.

Q. Is Mr. Smithson a Jew?

Ritherdon. No, he is not; that Solomons is a Jew; he is son to the clerk of the synagogue.

Coleman Solomons . As soon as these things were brought to Mr. Gompertz's, he sent to let me know they were found, and the person that took them. Mr. Gompertz said he was going to carry the prisoner to his father, to know what to do with him; he delivered him to me, and I brought him to the Compter. I said to him, how came you to be guilty of this rash action? he said Mr. Smithson had learned him to do it, and delivered a bit of the ornament to the cloke from his pocket, as we were going along. I said, if any body is concerned with you, you ought to tell it; the boy said the same before my Lord Mayor.

Q. Did you know then that Mr. Smithson had brought it to Mr. Ritherdon.

Solomons. No, I did not. I knew he had brought it to Mr. Gompertz's for the reward.

The prisoner said nothing in his defence, but called Peter Feather , who had known him nine years; Mary Robinson , Alice M'Clalin , John Beal , Martha Lilley , and William Carnes , who had known him seven or eight years; and Margaret Wilsber , between three and four years, who said, they never knew any ill of him.

Q. Is Mr. Plank of Long-acre here?

Ritherdon. He is not. I went to him with Mr. Smithson; he said he never saw him before, to his knowledge.

Court. You should have brought him here.

Guilty . T .

232. (L.) Benjamin Collins was indicted for stealing three gallons of oil, value 7 s. the property of Thomas Sabe , March 20 . ++

Thomas Sabe . I received an anonymous letter, setting forth, that this Collins had behaved very ill, in concealing oil that I trusted him to light the lamps with; I went and searched his house, and found three gallons, a pint and a half of oil, in a large tin cannister. I took him before my Lord Mayor; there he owned he had taken oil at several times: we have had a general complaint, and I allowed him a shilling a week extraordinary, that he should take care to do the work well.

Q. Where did he say he had taken the oil from?

Sabe. He was served with oil every day at my cellar, and the oil must have been taken from my pots. My Lord asked him how he came by the oil; he said, he had saved a little at sundry times, out of the quantity that I allowed him to light the lamps. I had told him several times, if he had more oil than was wanted, to bring it to my house: he never brought any; only the empty pots next morning.

Guilty, 10 d . T .

The prisoner said nothing in his defence.

233. (L.) Joseph Daniel was indicted for stealing 3 quarts of lamp oil, value 2 s. the property of Thomas Sabe , March 20 . ++

Thomas Sabe . I am church-warden of our parish; and on the 20th of March, I was sent for to our workhouse; as I was coming back, it was dark, between 11 and 12 at night, I met the prisoner, and kicked against his pot; he gave me an oath: I said, Who is that, Joe? he said, yes. I said, what have you got there? he was carrying his pot home, and pretended to reel, as if he had a design to spill the oil. I insisted on his carrying the pot to my house; he did, and there was three quarts and half a pint of oil in it, which I perceive to be one day's theft; thus I have been injured in my property and reputation; he had lighted the lamps in St. George's parish, Ratcliff-highway, and he was coming by my door, to carry this home. I have had a general complaint in his walk, and had been out several times to watch him, but found it impossible to go, but he by some means or other knew I was there. He acknowledged before my Lord Mayor, that this was oil that he had saved out of what was delivered to him: he was to have brought the oil home, if there had been any left, after serving the lamps.

Charles Flaun . I am servant to Mr. Sabe: I deliver the oil out every morning. That morning I delivered the prisoner three gallons and a half, and the next morning I measured the oil that he was carrying to his house; there were 3 quarts and half a pint of it.

Prisoner's Defence.

I intended, having a considerable saving, to have gone to work early with the oil the next morning, without going to the shop.

Guilty, 10 d . T .

234. (L.) Michael Sampson , Gent . was indicted for forging and counterfeiting a certain bill of exchange, purporting to be drawn by Lord Adam Gordon , commonly called the Hon. Adam Gordon, directed to William Adair , Esq; for the payment of 32 l. 10 s. and for publishing the same; and for forging and publishing an acceptance thereto, with intent to defraud Henry Baldero and Co .

To which he pleaded Guilty . Death .

235. (L.) Alexander Maer was indicted for stealing 37 yards of linen-cloth, value 5 l. and 14 yards of silk and worsted damask, value 5 l. the property of Tisdell Webb and Co . January 9 . ++

Tisdell Webb. I keep an upholsterer's warehouse in Threadneedle-street , in partnership with Wm Sampson . On the last Saturday in Dec. Mr. Sampson and I had taken an account of stock: we left 2 pieces of holland on the counter, in one of our warehouses, intending it for a particular use. On the Monday morning I went into the inward warehouse, and one piece of holland was gone. Three or four days after, one of my servants came to me, and said, he had lost a dozen pair of stockings; we were all greatly alarmed. The next Monday following, I bought 14 yards of crimson silk and worsted damask, and that was presently missing: we searched the maid, nurse, and footman, but could not find the thief: I discharged an innocent person, who had lost his own stockings. Some time last month, we had word there was some cloth at Mrs. Pen's; and the prisoner hearing of this, he absconded: this was on a Thursday, and on the Saturday following, his friends brought him to me, and said, they were very sorry he should be guilty of such a crime: he in my counting-house owned, before me and my partner, that he had been guilty of stealing only part of this cloth; after that, he confessed he had taken the whole piece of cloth; and when in the Compter, he confessed he took the stockings that were missing, and the piece of damask, and sundry other things not laid in the indictment. He was brought before my Lord Mayor, and there owned to the same. I intended to lay the indictment favourable; that if he was cast for transportation, his friends, as he is young, might have an opportunity; by giving security, of sending him abroad for seven years. I did understand he intended to plead guilty.

Q. How came he to have an opportunity to take the goods?

Webb. His master, Mr. Sing, works for us, in making up furniture. He owned, when he came, and was in the back-warehouse, he saw the holland lying convenient, and he wrapped it in the wrapper which he had brought things in, and took it away; he said, he gave part of the holland to his sister, that lived with Mrs. Pen, and part of it he sold to a workwoman at Mrs. Sing's, and the other part, which we have here, was found in the room where he lay, at Mr. Sing's house, concealed behind a board. There was one William Brown , a fellow-apprentice of his, has since absconded; he frequently came to our house; he said he was concerned with him in stealing the stockings.

Mr. Axby. I saw part of the holland and the worsted damask, and some other things in the garret, where he and his fellow-apprentice lay: the plaister was pulled away, and the things put in, and a board nailed tight over the place. I know the damask well, and the prisoner told us where it was put.

Richard Sing . The prisoner was my apprentice; Mr. Axley brought me word where the goods were concealed; I went up with him, and found them as he had mentioned: but how they came there, I cannot tell. He served me a year and a half, and I never knew any dishonesty of him before; I have so good an opinion of him, from his natural inclinations, I would take him again, if he was discharged: he is 15 years of age, or thereabouts; I think he was seduced to do it. I believe a very bad woman seduced him: she was intimate with Brown, my other apprentice.

Prisoner's Defence.

I lay in the bed where Brown did; I dropt my knee-buckle by the bedside, and in looking for it, moving the bed, I saw these things; a piece of holland stuck out, and I pulled it out. Brown came up, and said it was his; he got it of a young man that came from sea, and if I would not say any thing of it, he would give me some to make a shirt. I delivered it to my sister, and bid her keep the remainder for herself.

He called two reputable tradesmen, who had known him from an infant, and gave him a good character.

Guilty . T .

236. (L.) Christian Hays , otherwise Trail , was indicted for stealing a silver watch, value 30 s. the property of Richard Groves , February 20 . +

Richard Groves . On the 20th of February, I suspected two young men of robbing me of my watch: I took them up, and they were in gaol five weeks; I advertised the watch. After that, Mr. Brooks brought the prisoner to me, about a month after I lost it; he can give a farther account of it.

John Brooks . I live on Ludgate-hill. A woman brought me a watch to pledge for a guinea; she did not appear to be the right owner; she said it was not her property, but the property of a woman that stood in the street: she went out, and brought in the woman at the bar: I took her, according to the advertisement, to the prosecutor; (The watch produced) this is the watch that the prisoner said was her property.

Groves. This is a watch that was brought to me to be cleaned; the prisoner was my servant to the time she was brought by Mr. Brooks; she had lived with me about three months.

Prisoner's Defence.

A person told me that watch was her husband's, and desired me to pawn it: I sent another woman, named Mary Smith , to pawn it; she came back, and said it was stopped.

She called the Rev. Mr. David Mure , and David Forbes , who had known her from her infancy; John Gray , with whom she lived three months, and Margaret Frazier , with whom she lived about the same quantity of time, who all gave her a very good character.

Guilty . T .

237. (M.) Anne, wife of William Humphrys , otherwise Anne Hindon, Spinster , was indicted for stealing four linen shifts, value 14 s. three muslin neckcloths, value 1 s. the property of John Roach , Feb. 4 . +

Joannah Roach . I am wife to John Roach ; we live at Hyde-Park-Corner . I went out and left the prisoner in the room; she lodges in the same house: when I returned, she and the things were missing; we hunted about, and at last I found her in James-street, Grosvenor-square. I said, if you will tell me where my things are, I will not hurt a hair of your head; she would not tell me; (she produced a rag) I'll swear before judge and jury twenty times, this was amongst my things, and this I found in the prisoner's bundle.

Q. Did you find any of your things again?

J. Roach. No, I never did.

The prisoner said nothing in her defence.

Acquitted .

238. (M.) James Johnson was indicted for stealing 24 yards of linen-cloth, value 38 s. the property of James More , March 7 . +

James More . I live in Charles-street, Grosvenor-square . I lost six pieces of linen-cloth, but I cannot say exactly what time: I am a victualler , and deal in linen : my boy told me on the 6th of March, he had seen the prisoner come out of my room the day before; the prisoner belongs to the guards , and is quartered upon me; he did not lie there for eight or ten nights before; he went away directly, and I did not see him again till the 7th; then he came in, and called for a pint of beer: I was consulting with my wife what to do, for I saw him leering about, after he was gone out of the house. Some little time after, I sent my boy up stairs, to see if the prisoner's partner was in bed; I had notice the prisoner was in the room: I went up, and there I saw him fling a piece of cloth on the bed, just as I went up.

Daniel Lewin . I am servant to the prosecutor. One Monday night, I was setting things to rights in the club-room; I heard somebody come up stairs, and master's room door open; I thought it was the maid; I went and saw the prisoner come out of master's room, and run up stairs to his room. I stood at master's room door; he came down, and said, Daniel, will you please to have a half-penny: to buy some nuts; he gave me a half-penny: at night, I told my master's daughter of it, and she told my master; then master asked me about it, and I told him: and on Wednesday at night, my master sent me up to see if the prisoner's partner was in bed; coming down again, I saw the prisoner standing behind the door, with his knapsack on the bed, with a piece of linen sticking about three inches out of it; I went about half way down stairs, and he called me up again to bring the light: when I came he said, I have got it now; so I went down. (A piece of linen roll'd up, produc'd in court.) This is like the piece.

Prosecutor. This is the linen I saw the prisoner throw down on his bed; it is my property, and was taken from out of my room.

Richard Ran . I went to Mr. More's assistance, when he called for help; I saw this piece of cloth lying on the prisoner's bed: I made a pencil-mark on it; here it is.

Prisoner's Defence.

I am as innocent as the child unborn; the linen never was in my knapsack, in this world; I cannot tell how it came up into that room.

For the prisoner.

Serjeant Bethway. The prisoner belongs to the first battalion of the first regiment, and has for between 9 and 10 years; he came to us out of a marching regiment, and has behaved as well as any man in the regiment: he never missed his duty, and always came clean.

William Thomas . I keep a public-house: I have known him about two months; he has been in my cellar, and about my house; I never missed any thing: he rented a stall of me; he is a shoemaker.

Q. What money did he use to spend per day with you?

Thomas. About a shilling or two in a day.

Q. Do you not know that is more than his pay could support?

Thomas. But he married a woman with some fortune.

Prosecutor. He was married on the Sunday, and taken up on the Tuesday night following.

Q. to Thomas. Did you ever hear he had some cloth to sell?

Thomas. I heard he had some cloth, but he said he bought it at St. Giles's.

Edward Welch . I am a baker. I have known him about two months: all that ever I heard of him, was, that he was a very honest man.

Guilty . T .

239. (M.) Rachael, wife of Joseph Cobane , was indicted for stealing one linen handkerchief, value 2 d. one linen frock, value 6 d. three linen shirts, value 9 s. one pair of linen breeches, value 1 s. and one pair of yarn stockings, value 6 d. the property of John Haywood , April 19 . +

John Haywood . I am a watchman to a brewhouse, upon Mill-bank . The prisoner came into the watch-house to warm herself, and was not willing to go out again: I went out, and was not gone above five minutes, but she and the things mentioned, which were tied in a bundle, were gone. The next day, about 12 o'clock, I found her drunk in bed, and some of my watch-house candles lying in the window; and the handkerchief which my things were in, was tied about her neck (Produced and deposed to.) After she was committed to the Gate-house, I told her I would not appear against her, if she would tell me where my things were; she said, they were at a pawnbrokers, pawned in the name of Polly Wilson ; I went as she directed, but did not find them; the people told me, she had been and offered them, but they would not take them in.

Prisoner's Defence.

Nanny Wilson brought me this handkerchief; she worked at weeding with me at Chelsea.

Prosecutor. The prisoner's maiden name is Wilson.

Guilty . T .

240. (M.) Mary Jones , spinster , was indicted for stealing two linen gowns, value 1 s. six linen aprons, value 6 s. two linen handkerchiefs, value 6 d. one dimity waistcoat, value 1 s. the property of Abraham Purdey , March 29 . +

Ann Purdey . Abraham Purdey is my husband; I live at Lime-house : I lost the things mentioned in the indictment, out of the yard as they were hanging to dry. I went the next morning to Justice Berry's, to get a warrant, and there I found my things, and the prisoner at the bar.

Q. Did you know her before?

A. Purdey. I never saw her before, to my knowledge.

Catharine Purdey . I know the things to be my mother's property; they were taken away from out of the yard.

John Boyadell . I went to get a pint of beer in my dinner-hour; the prisoner came in with a bundle of things, and asked me if I would buy a waistcoat; she shewed it me; it was not dry. I said, I believe you did not come honestly by it; tell me where you had it, and I'll go and make it up for you: she said, she came very honestly by it: she had two bed-gowns; six aprons, and two handkerchiefs besides, all wet. I took her before Justice Berry, and in the mean time, the prosecutrix came and owned the things. (The goods produced and deposed to.)

James Segwick (the constable.) I had the prisoner in charge; when we were before the justice, the prosecutrix and her daughter came and owned the things.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was coming along Whitechapel; she asked me to make an exchange; so I took the things of her, and I thought they were honestly come by. I was to give her my gown.

Guilty . T .

241. (M.) Richard Roberts was indicted for stealing one pair of leather garters, value 2 d. one pair of stuff garters, value 2 d, one canvass purse, value 1 d. and 8 s. 6 d. in money, numbered , the property of Edward Philips , February 28 . +

Edward Philips . I went to bed to the prisoner at the bar, at the George, at Holborn-bars , and he got up when I was asleep. The landlord brought him up stairs, and asked me if I had lost any thing? I looked, and missed my purse, with 8 s. and some half-pence in it, and my garters; the prisoner was searched, and by pulling out his shirt, the things fell out. He went on his knees, and asked my pardon, and cry'd.

Q. Did you know the prisoner before?

Philips. I never saw him in my life before. I came out of the country, and went to that house to lie.

George Black . I keep the George at Holborn-bars; it is a night-house: we sit up all night for the reception of watchmen and coachmen, and others that come to lodge in the house: about 3 in the morning, the prisoner came down stairs, with his neckcloth tied about his jaw, and complained of the tooth-ach; he asked for a glass of gin, and drank it, and walked backwards and forwards, holding his hand to his jaw, as if he was in pain; he made towards the door; but I perceived by his pushing so hastily to it, he was for making off: I stepped to him, and laid hold of him, and said, My friend, stay till I see all is well up stairs. The maid went up; he made an attempt a second time to get away: when the prosecutor missed the things, I searched the prisoner, and the things were found in his shirt. The prosecutor described the purse before he saw it; then the prisoner fell on his knees, and asked pardon.

Gascoyne, a watchman, deposed to that of searching and finding the things in the prisoner's shirt.

Prisoner's Defence.

I am a labourer in the callicoe business ; I went there to lodge; I had the tooth-ach; I paid for my lodgings, and went up to bed: I had no rest; I got up, and drank a pennyworth of gin, and put them garters in my pocket in the dark, having dropped mine, not knowing but they were my own. I was going out, the landlord asked the maid to go up and ask if any thing was lost. I went up with the maid; there were four more men in the room; but the prosecutor getting up, he put his hand behind the pillow to take out his breeches, and the purse fell out; the garters were in in my pocket, not in my shirt.

Guilty . T .

242. (M.) Sarah Palmer , spinster , was indicted for stealing 7 yards of camblet, value 10 s. the property of James Farnham , March 2 . +

James Farnham . I live at Bethnal-green , and am a weaver . I lost a piece of camblet on the first of March, out of my drawer, and found it a- again at the Widow Brown's, a pawnbroker, in Brick-lane, the same day.

Elizabeth Farnham . I am wise to the prosecutor, and can only say the same as my husband has said.

Elizabeth Brown the pawnbroker, and John Chapman the constable, were called on their recognizance, and did not appear.

Acquitted .

Their recognizance ordered to be estreated.

243 (M.) Sarah Sibley , widow , was indicted for stealing one cloth cardinal, value 3 s. and two linen shifts, value 3 s. the property of James Lisk , February 24 . +

Anne Lisk . I live in a court, in Gray's-Inn-lane , and keep a milk-cellar . I have known the prisoner many years; I gave her leave to come to my house, and lie with me, as my husband was not at home; I left her in bed, and went out, and when I returned, the things mentioned in the indictment were missing, and she also: I could not find her till about a month after; then she told me one Mary Hughs had my cardinal, but I cannot catch her. I took the prisoner before Justice Fielding; there she owned to the taking the things. The prisoner has never a friend in the world but me.

The prisoner said nothing in her defence.

Guilty, 10 d . W .

244. (M.) Mary, wife of Thomas Deprose , was indicted for stealing a silver tankard, value 8 l. the property of Robert Allen , in his dwelling-house , April 28 ++

Robert Allen . I live at the sign of the Cock, Cock-hill, in the parish of Stepney , a public-house. On the 28th of April, about ten at night, I lost a silver tankard; my wife was coming out of the city, on the 7th of March, she told me she saw it at Mr. Steven's shop. I went there, and he told me he bought it of a woman, that he could swear to, if he saw her again; so said his servant. I went before the sitting alderman, and got a summons for Mr. Stevens to appear the next day: he came and brought the tankard with him, and described the prisoner: the alderman directed that he should go to my house; he did; the prisoner lives in my neighbourhood, and was a chair-woman in my house, at times. As soon as he saw her, he said, that was the woman.

Q. Had she been at your house, the day the tankard was missing?

Allen. She had; but we had no call for her that week.

Q. Where had you seen your tankard last?

Allen. It stood in the corner cupboard, in the kitchen, on the 28th, at one o'clock.

Mr. Stevens. I live at the Dial and Crown, in Aldgate high-street, and keep a silver-smith's shop. On the 28th of February, the prisoner at the bar came to my house, and said, she wanted to dispose of a silver tankard: I examined her where she lived, and what business her husband was, and how she came to sell the tankard? she said she lived at Bow, near the Golden Cup, and that her husband had the misfortune to break his leg, and she had five or six children, and they were drove to necessity; telling me this, I bought it rather out of pity, than that of profit: I gave her 5 s. an ounce for it: she was well dressed: Mr. Carrington was in my shop at the time; it weighed 30 ounces, 7 pennyweights; I sell new silver now, at 5 s. 5 d. an ounce.

Q. What time of the day was this?

Stevens. It was about three or four in the afternoon: I put it in my window for sale: Mrs. Allen coming by some time after, she came in, and desired me to let her see the tankard: I did: she said, this is my tankard: then Mr. Allen, and another gentleman, came at night and asked for it: I said, I was very ready to deliver it up before a magistrate, in case they would prosecute the thief. Mr. Allen, and his wife, described the woman they suspected, and it tallied exactly to the woman I bought the tankard of: I have had it in my custody ever since. (Produced and deposed to by prosecutor.) I went to Mr. Allen's house with Mr. Carrington, who works for me and a little boy: when we saw the prisoner, ing in a dirty dress, I said, I should be glad in the cloaths that she dresses in: they were we knew her before she put them on, but then looked more like what she did before.

Richard Carrington . I am a watch-maker, and work for Mr. Stevens. On the 28th of February I went there to carry home some work: the woman at the bar, and three or four more, were in the shop; I staid till the other women were gone; the prisoner and Mr. Stevens had agreed for the tankard; the boy went up for some money; she received seven guineas, a five and threepenny-piece, and two shillings. I saw a tankard standing by them; whether this is the same, I cannot tell. When we went before the alderman, Mr. Allen desired me to describe the woman; I did, in every particular; he said, it answered to the person they suspected; this was about a week after she sold it. I went afterwards to Mr. Allen's house; he sent for the prisoner; as soon as she came, Mr. Stevens, his little boy, and I, all knew her. When she sold the tankard, Mr. Stevens desired her to sign her name while he paid her. She said her name was Mary Williams ; she made the letter M; and in making the W, she made some scruple; and said, she did not know how to do it. I desired of her, when we went down to see her, to know if she could write; she took the pen, and made such an M as before; and when she came to make a W, she made use of the same words as before, or to the same purport; and the letters very much resembled what she had wrote before.

Daniel Goff . I have been errand-boy to Mr. Stevens about seven months. I had been sent to Mr. Carrington's house, and meeting him, he and I came into the shop together; there was the prisoner at the bar. (He exactly confirmed the account given by Carrington.)

Prisoner's Defence.

I know nothing of the affair; I never forsook the house after the tankard was missing.

Guilty of stealing but not in the dwelling-house . T .

See her tried before for stealing a bank note, value 100 l. No. 312, in Sir Thomas Chitty 's Mayoralty.

245. (M.) George Kingston was indicted for stealing a wooden till, value 3 d. and 3 s. and 4 d. in money, numbered , the property of John Marshall , March 1 . *

Jane Marshall . I saw the prisoner go out of our shop; I thought he had got something; I ran out, and called, Stop Thief; he ran down an alley, and I after him: he was taken and brought back; and there delivered 3 s. and said, he had it out of the till. I did not know what in the till; when he delivered it, he said, this was without being asked.

Charles. I heard Mrs. Marshall cry, Stop Thief, seven at night, on the first of March; I pu nd took the prisoner; he was got into a ho d, behind the door, was found the till, which prosecutor owned.

Q. to J. Marshall. he till taken away?

J. Marshall. It was. Guilty . T .

246. (M.) Elizabeth Barnes , widow , was indicted for stealing one looking-glass, value 30 s. one iron shovel, value 6 d. one pair of tongs, value 6 d. one poker, value 6 d. one copper tea-kettle, value 6 d. one pair of bellows, one bolster, two pillows, one blanket, one linen sheet, one quilt, and one flat iron, the property of Edmund Bady ; the same being in a ready-furnished lodging, let by contract. &c . February 26 . *

Guilty . T .

247. (M.) John Hunter was indicted for stealing one pair of leather pumps, value 3 s. the property of Charles Harris , April 2 . *

Charles Harris . I was above stairs when the fact was done, so can only swear these pair of pumps are my property. (Producing them.)

John Acton . I am an apprentice to Mr. Harris. I heard a little boy say a man has taken a pair of shoes away; I ran out; I came up to the prisoner, and said, Hollo, my friend; you must go along with me; I got assistance, and brought him back into the shop; and got a constable, and took him to Justice Welch; he had the pumps in his hand when I laid hold on him.

John Edwards . As I was coming out of Lincoln's inn-fields, going into Holborn , I saw the prisoner, with a pair of shoes in his hand, just by Mr. Harris's pegs, I saw him take them from the pegs; he carried them in his left hand into Lincoln's-inn-fields; as I came to Mr. Harris's door, a boy came and said, a man had taken a pair of shoes; and I directed the apprentice which way to run.

Guilty 10 d. W .

248, 249. (M) Thomas Darling and George, otherwise John Ramsey , were indicted, the first for stealing two iron saws, value 5 s. four planes, value 2 s. five iron chissels, value 2 s. one pair of iron pincers, one iron knife, one rasp, one wooden bevil, and one iron awl , the property of James Garrett ; and the other, for receiving the same, well knowing them to have been stolen . March 19 . *

James Garrett . On the 5th of March I missed the things mentioned in the indictment, and had reason to suspect the prisoner Darling; they were taken out of my chest; I found them in the possession of Ramsey, after he had denied he had any such things in his possession. On the 20th of March I found them, according to the confession of Darling; they were concealed. He said, he sold them to Ramsey on the 6th of March, between five and six in the morning; he also said, all the tools he took out of the building, he sold for 9 s. and I value mine at 12 s.

William Marks . I am an officer and house-broker. Darling was taken in Whitechapel on the 19th of March; and I was sent for to the Man-in-the-Moon; there he said he would tell me where all the tools were, if I would go with him to Mr. Ramsey's. and be bound every man should have his tools again: He was taken before the justice, and a search warrant granted. When we came to Ramsey's house, said Ramsey to Darling, Are not you a great rogue? I took Ramsey into a little room, and said, I had a warrant to search his house, as Darling says he has sold things to you: he said, you shall see all I have: he took out smoothing planes, hammers, saws, and many other tools: there were about five or six thousand nails, which Darling made information he had stole, and sold to Ramsey.

Prosecutor. Ramsey denied having any of the things on the 19th, and this was the 20th, which the officer speaks of. I was there on the 19th; seeing some old tools lying, and Ramsey's wife in the shop, I asked her if she had any carpenter's tools to sell? She said, no more than what I saw. I knew nothing of Mr. Ramsey's denying it till we were there to search. After Mr. Marks had asked him if he had any more saws, he said, No. Mr. Marks desired him not to conceal any thing; he said, he had no more; and after that, there were thirteen or fourteen more saws found concealed.

Marks. I said, Pray, Mrs. Ramsey, where is the key of this drawer? She said, I know not. I sent a young man to him to the alehouse, where he was in custody; when he came to us, he denied that there was a tool in the house more than what we had seen. I took a key and opened two drawers, in which were fourteen saws.

Prosecutor. There were thirty-eight saws found in his house, and thirty of them are owned; two of them belong to me. ( The things mentioned in the indictment produced, and deposed to.) There were divers people swore to their tools, which are here now.

Dearing's confession was taken in writing before justice Berry, and signed by his name. It is read in Court, giving an account of all the things mentioned in the several indictments against the two prisoners; and that Ramsey encouraged him to bring what he would, and he would purchase it; and that the marks on the tools were not obliterated when he sold them to Ramsey.

Marks. Here is the account that Ramsey brought to the justice, and delivered it as the book of what he gave for goods: It runs in this form: He does not mention the names of things, but in general he has put it goods: Laid out on goods. What he bought of Darling was only from the 18th to the 20th of March: this is what he owned before the justice, that these goods were tools bought of Darling the 6th of March. Laid out upon goods, 10 s.

Darling said nothing in his defence.

Ramsey said nothing, but called 17 witnesses, who gave him a good character.

Darling guilty . T .

Ramsey Guilty . T. 14 .

There were three other indictments against them, one for stealing, the other for receiving, a large quantity of carpenter's tools.

250. (M.) William Smith was indicted for stealing a cow, value 7 l. the property of John Clark , March 7 . ++

John Clark. I have a field butts down to Cambridge heath, just at Hackney turnpike , on the common road; I missed a cow out of it, on the 7th of March, in the morning; she was safe over night; and it was fastened well all round; I could see where they brought her out at the gate, and I could see where she turned back again, to jump into the field again: I found her hide in Leaden-hall market on the 9th: she was a very remarkable cow: were there a thousand hides, I could know her hide from all, mine was so particular: my son-in-law was with me: I found the salesman that sells the hides in the market: he told me Mr. Harlow, a Butcher, in Fleet-market, brought the hide there: I told my son, if he met with Mr. Harlow to secure him, if he did not produce the man that he bought her of: Mr. Harlow said he could produce the man: then the prisoner was taken, and brought to Leaden-hall. The prisoner has brought many a beast to me from Smithfield and Islington: I said, William, you knew the way to bring me beasts when I buy them, but I did not know you knew how to come and steal them.

Joseph Harlow . I am a butcher in the Fleet-market. On the 7th of March the prisoner came to me, between 9 and 10 in the morning, and said, he had a good cow to sell, and she was at the Bell Inn, in Smithfield: I went and saw her: he asked 5 l. 10 s. it was but poor middling sort of meat: I bid him 4 l. he fell to five guineas: then I bid 4 l. 5 s. and then up to 4 l. 10 s. we could not agree: I went half way over Smithfield: he sent a man to call me back, and said, I must give him a little more: I said, I would not give him any more: then he took my luck with it: he brought her to my slaughter-house, in Wheat-sheaf yard: I gave him 43 s. what I had in my pocket: he came the next morning, and I gave him 2 l. 7 s. the remainder. I sent the hide to Mr. Martin, a hide salesman, at Leaden-hall market; there Mr. Clark found it. It was a brown mottle; pretty much mottled: a very remarkable cow. When Mr. Clark's son asked me if I could find the man I bought the cow of, I said, I believed I could. I went and found the prisoner leaning upon a post at the Crown-tavern door, in Smithfield: we took him to the Nag's-head, Leaden-hall, to Mr. Clark. I saw the hide that Mr. Clark owned: it was the hide of the cow which I bought of the prisoner at the bar.

Prisoner's Defence.

The cow was brought to me just at Shoreditch church: a man was coming along with her: he thought I knew better than he how to sell her: and he desired me to go and sell her for him. I gave the man the money at Islington: I met him there by accident: I sold her for 4 l. 10 s.: I had seen the man before, but not to have any acquaintance with him: I gave him the money at the Red-lion alehouse: I had but 18 d. for selling her, the same as in the market: the man stood by me while I sold her.

Q. to Harlow. Did you see a man with the prisoner when you bought the cow?

Harlow. There was a man with him, but he did not seem to take any notice: the prisoner and I agreed about the price. When we were before Mr. Clark, he said, he had the cow in exchange for a cow and calf at Lewisham.

For the Prisoner.

John Procter . I live at Leighton, in Bedfordshire. I have known the prisoner from a lad: he has served me these two last years at times: I have trusted him with hundreds of pounds: I have sent him out of Smithfield with a hundred pounds, a hundred and fifty pounds at a time, to Mr. Child, the banker: I always found him honest: he has ofen sold beasts for me, and always gave me the money, I believe.

Thomas Knight . I live at Islington, at the Three Wheat-sheafs. I have known the prisoner five or six years: I never heard any thing bad of him at all: he has received money of Mr. Procter, and brought it to me for his use. I have lent him money to buy calves with; he has honestly paid me.

Guilty . Death .

251. (L.) Philip Hoff , otherwise John Hoff , was indicted for stealing one woollen cloth coat, value 3 l. one woollen cloth waistcoat, with gold lace, value 50 s. one pair of stocking breeches, value 5 s. three shirts, two pair of silk stockings, one velvet waistcoat, one silk and cotton waistcoat, one man's hat, one pair of silver knee buckles with stones, two muslin neckcloths, and four linen stocks, the property of Watford Runnet , in the dwelling-house of Henry Barear , April 3 . ++

Watford Runnet. I live in Black-fryars , in the house of Henry Barear . I am a Furrier : I was gone out to work: I returned about nine at night, and found my box broke open, and missed all the things mentioned in the indictment: (mentioning them by name) this was on the 3d of April. I found the prisoner's old hat in my hat-box, instead of my new one: after seeking for him, and not finding him, I advertised him, and justice Fielding's people found him: and before the justice, in my hearing, he owned he had robbed me of these goods: and said, he had sold the suit of cloaths and scarlet waistcoat to the Jews; some he had given away, and some he had pawned: them I got back again: the silk and cotton waistcoat, and my hat, he mentioned at one pawnbrokers, and a shirt and silk stockings at another place, a black pair of breeches at another: the justice sent for them.

Q. What were his words when he confessed?

Runnet. He said, he had robbed his bed-fellow.

Q. What countryman are you?

Runnet. I come from Dantzick.

Robert Needham . The prisoner pledged this hat and waistcoat with me on the 4th and 5th of April: (Produced and deposed to.) he pledged one in the name of Philip Hoff , and the other, in the name of Thomas Hoff . He said he lived at Puddle-dock.

Prosecutor. The justice delivered this shirt to me: (producing one) it is my property.

Prisoner's Defence.

I never broke the chest: there was never a nail in it: I am guilty of stealing them out of the room: I am a High German taylor .

Guilty 39 s. T .

252. (M.) Elizabeth Addis , spinster , was indicted for stealing one linen sheet, value 2 s. one shirt, value 1 s. and one neckcloth, value 6 d. the property of Thomas Chapman , Feb. 1 . +

Thomas Chpaman . I live in the parish of Stepney . My wife was sick in bed: she is a washerwoman: the prisoner came to assist her to fetch and carry out work . When these things were missing, we took her up. She owned she took the sheet, but not the shirt: but the pawnbroker delivered the shirt up, and we found the neckcloth at the same place.

Mrs. Chapman. I hired the prisoner as my nurse, and I sent her out to fetch in the linen to wash, and carry it out again: I missed the sheet: I charged her with it: she owned she had taken that, but would not own to any thing else: but when the pawnbroker delivered that, he delivered the shirt and neckcloth.

Q. Did you consent to her pawning them?

Mrs. Chapman. No, I did not.

James Ewers . This sheet, shirt, and neckcloth, were brought to my house by the prisoner at the bar: she told me her name was Betty Addis , and that she was baptized so. (Produced in court, and deposed to.)

Prisoner's Defence.

After she got me fourteen days in Clerkenwell bridewell, she went and swore this robbery against me out of spight.

Guilty 10 d . W .

253. (M.) Mary Jones , spinster , was indicted for stealing two silver tea-spoons, value 2 s. a pair of silver buckles, value 5 s. a gold ring, and two silk handkerchiefs and apron , the property of Mary Conner , April 26 . +

Mary Conner . I lost the things mentioned this day sennight: the prisoner had been with me that day: I took her up: she had the handkerchief and apron on. She told me where she had pawned the spoons.

Q. What are you?

Conner. I keep a green shop in Covent-garden . The prisoner was my servant.

Mrs. Reynold. I cannot say I know the prisoner, but I heard her own she did pawn these teaspoons at my house; and I heard her own to taking the buckles and gold ring.

Guilty . T .

254. (M.) William Barrot was indicted for stealing an iron chain, value 20 s. the property of John Crang . ++

John Crang . The prisoner is an apprentice of mine. I am an organ-maker : I have three chains: I saw a chain advertised, which when I saw, I found to be one of mine: I had not missed it before.

Thomas Morris . I am an apprentice to Mr. Briant, a Blacksmith. The prisoner came and asked us if we bought old iron: he produced this chain. (Produced in court.) My Mrs. weighed it, and it weighed 8 lb. and she gave him 8 d. for it.

Crang. There is no such thing in the kingdom but mine: it is in the same nature of a watch chain.

Q. to Morris. Where does your master live?

Morris. He lives in Thames-street.

William Briant . I seeing this when I came home. I advertised it immediately, that the right owner might have it again. It could not be made under 40 or 50 s. Had I been at home, I certainly should have stopped the person.

Prisoner's Defence.

I found the chain in a yard belonging to Mr. Crang.

The prisoner called four witnesses to his character; who said, they had never heard any thing amiss of him before this affair.

Guilty T .

255. (M.) Anne, wife of John More , was indicted for stealing one copper pot, value 4 s. the property of Cornelius Riley . ++

Cornelius Riley . Last Monday the prisoner came to my house, a public-house, in Dyot-street, St. Giles's , and got very drunk there that afternoon. My pot was taken out of my yard that day, and I found it again at Mr. Cowlen's, a Pawnbroker, who stopt it.

William Cowlen . The prisoner brought this copper pot to me to pawn last Monday evening, and said, it was her own: she was very drunk: I stopt it: by which means the prosecutor got it again.

Prisoner's Defence.

A woman gave it me; but I was very much in liquor.

Guilty 10 d . W .

256. (M.) Abraham Torrince was indicted for stealing two planes, value 2 s. the property of Thomas Atkinson ; and four planes, value 3 s. the property of Richard Jones , March 12 . +

Guilty . T .

257. (M.) David Overton , otherwise William Smith , was indicted, for that he, on the 10th of April , about the hour of one in the night, the dwelling house of John White did break and enter, and stealing two silk cardinals, value 20 s. one cloth cardinal, value 16 s. one wooden tea-chest, with three tin canisters; one wooden tea-board, three silver tea-spoons, and 4 s. 6 d. in money, numbered, the property of the said John, in his dwelling house . +

John White . I live at Hendon . My house was broke open on a Tuesday night: I cannot justly tell the time: the house was fast when we went to bed: one of my men called me about five in the morning: I am a carpenter : I found a window broke open: the wooden bar was cut in two: it was a ground room. I lost a tea-chest, three silver spoons, five small pieces of money, some halfpence, some tea in a cannister, and a tea-board, and the other things mentioned in the indictment. The prisoner worked with me as a carpenter: I had not seen him since he left me, which was last Michaelmas; the pawnbroker stopt the things and advertised them: my wife and I went and found them to be our property. I took the prisoner up; and, before the justices at White-chapel, he owned he took all these things.

Q. What were his words?

White. He said, he broke into the house and took them out.

Q. Did he mention what time of the night it was?

White. Yes, to the best of my knowledge, he said, in the middle of the night, between twelve and one.

Q. Did you find all your goods at that brokers?

White. No, he said, he had sold some at another place.

Mary White . I am wife to the prosecutor. I was the last person up that night, the 10th of April. Upon seeing the advertisement, I came to London, which was the Tuesday following. I heard the prisoner own, before the justice, that he broke into the house, and took the things.

William Clark . I live in Rosemary-lane. The prisoner brought a tea-chest, tea-board, and two cardinals: I asked him how he came by them? he said, he kept a girl in the town, and they were her property, and he took them from her. I found something rattle in the tea-box; and, after he was gone, I borrowed a key, and found three silver tea-spoons, and some pieces of money in it; then I advertised it. He came back in the evening, and said, I had given him 6 s. 9 d. instead of half a guinea; then I stopped him, and took him up.

Prisoner's Defence.

I am not guilty: I bought these things of a strange person in the street: I took them to Mr. Clark's to make a penny of them if I could: he is a salesman: he gave me 19 s. for them. I have no friend in the world. I did belong to the first regiment of guards, and was abroad in Germany in the second battalion.

Guilty . Death .

258. (M.) John Boyland , otherwise Bailey , was indicted, for that he, in the dwelling house of Susannah Cook , widow, near the King's highway, on John Saunders did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and violently taking from his person 1 s. 6 d. in money, numbered, his property , April 11 . +

John Saunders . I work at a bricklayer's , in King-street, Wapping. At 10 o'clock at night, as I was going by the house of Mrs. Susannah Cook , the prisoner's wife called me in, and carried me to the back part of the house: she called her husband: then the prisoner came and laid hold of my hands, and she took 18 d. from my pocket: and the prisoner threatened me, if I made a noise, he had a knife in his hand, and would rip me up.

Sheene Downs. I am headborough. About three weeks ago, this Black , the prosecutor, came to us at the watch-house, and told us, he had been robbed: that a woman had taken him into a house, and a man had assisted; and said, he would cut his throat if he resisted. When we came into the house of Susannah Cook , there was the prisoner: the Black said, That is the man: so we took and secured him. The woman was not there.

Q. from prisoner. What was I doing when you came in?

Downs. You was eating.

John Newton . On the 10th of April, the prosecutor told us he had been at work for a bricklayer, and was discharged: that he had 18 d. in his pocket, and was inquiring for a lodging: that a woman told him she could help him to one: and when he was in the house, she called out, My dear, and her husband came down stairs, and said, What have you to do with my wife? She put her hand into his pocket, and took his money out, while the man held both his hands behind his back, and the man threatened him, with a knife in his hand. I went, with some others: we forced open the door: there was the prisoner: we took him before the justices at Whitechapel: the Black picked up a long knife, and said, that was the knife he threatened to rip him up with; but, in the struggle, that was lost, so we did not bring it.

The prisoner said nothing in his defence.

For the prisoner.

Elizabeth Knight . I saw the Black at the prisoner's house about three weeks ago: he came of his own accord, as far as I understand, into the house of Susannah Cook : it was about 9 o'clock: they went together: he gave her 6 d. and then he gave her a shilling to buy some liquor: the prisoner was then at a public house over the way.

Richard Smith . This Black came to my father's house, and the prisoner was drinking a pint of beer, and had been there an hour before, in the chimney corner: there came a woman in: whether she wanted him to supper or not, I do not know, but she took him away.

Q. Did the Black see the prisoner when he came in?

Smith. I do not know whether he did or not: the Black said he had been robbed: he wanted an officer.

Q. Where did you send him?

Smith. I sent him no where.

Q. Is your father an officer?

Smith. Yes, he is, but he was not at home.

Q. How far do you live from Susannah Cook ?

Smith. We live right opposite her house.

Q. Do you know Mr. Newton?

Smith. Yes, I do.

Q. Why did you not send him there?

Smith. I did not know where he lived.

Q. to prosecutor. Was it a light or dark place, where you was robbed?

Prosecutor. I was robbed in a one pair of stairs room: the man collared me, and said, you black dog, if you speak a word, I'll run you through with this knife.

Q. Are you sure that was the prisoner?

Prosecutor. I am sure it was.

Guilty . Death . - Recommended.

260, 261. (M.) Blaze Robinson , and William Forden , were indicted for stealing twenty-nine stuff gowns, value 3 l. four crape gowns, value 12 s. two cotton gowns, ten linen bed-gowns, eight flannel petticoats, fifteen shirts, six shirts, four cloth cloaks, twelve pair of shoes, six pair of worsted stockings, six pair of cotton stockings, and two dozen linen caps, the property of Margaret Clough , widow , privately in her shop , March 9 . ++

Margaret Clough . I keep a sale-shop in Monmouth-street . On the 9th of March I locked up my shop, and on the 10th, in the morning, it was broke open.

Q. Is it a dwelling house?

M. Clough. It is not. I do not live in it; it is a small place by itself; I missed the things mentioned in the indictment (mentioning them by name): I went to Sir John Fielding , and had them advertised in the Monday's paper. On Tuesday, the 13th, Mr. Stockdale, a pawnbroker, sent for me; I went to his house, and there I saw two crape gowns, my property: then he and I went to Justice Fielding's, and got a warrant to take up the two prisoners: they confessed the fact before Mr. Fielding. I mentioned all I could recollect at that time I had lost; they in general owned to the fact; they said they had pawned the rest, some in one place, and some in another, in several parts of the town. I have recovered some of the other things, according to their directions, and the pawnbrokers all gave me my goods again, that is, all I could find (five gowns and several other things produced in court): there are what I have recovered, my property.

Henry Stockdale . I am a pawnbroker, and live in Great Pultney-street, Golden-square. Forden brought these two crape gowns to me, on the 13th of March, and said, one was his mother's, and the other his sisters: I sent my boy to his mother, in the Haymarket, with him, but he did not return with the boy, but came a day or two after, and Robinson came along with him, to fetch the gowns, and we detected them. At Sir John Fielding 's, Robinson told Sir John where the things were pledged; Forden did not confess any thing; he said he was sent by some girl from a public-house: (the two gowns produced and deposed to.)

James Hunt . I am a pawnbroker, in Pultney-street: I took this gown in of Forden, (produced and deposed to); he brought it on the 15th of March, and said his mother's name was Jane Robinson , and she lived in the Haymarket, and it was her gown. Here are other gowns which we took in: one in the name of John Robinson , another Robert Robinson , and another Thomas Johnson . ( Deposed to by prosecutrix.)

Joseph Jervis . On the 15th or 16th of March, I took the prisoners before Sir John Fielding ; he sent one to the Gatehouse, and the other to another place, Robinson confessed a good deal, in regard to breaking open the woman's shop, in Monmouth street; Sir John granted a search warrant to search Forden's lodgings; I went there, but could find nothing: he said, he kept a cobler's stall, on the top of the Haymarket; I went there, and found a bundle of things, and gave it to the prosecutrix; she said they were her property, part of what she lost at the time her shop was broke: when I got into the stall, and was there the best part of 20 minutes, the things were partly buried under ground (produced in court, and deposed to); then I went to Robinson's lodgings, and in a great coat pocker, I found a pair of stockings. (Produced and deposed to.)

Robinson's Defence.

I was in Forden's stall, and two men came in and left a pair of shoes and a pair of pumps, to heel-piece, when they said they would call again in a day or two: they left these things there: we wanted money, and we pawned them; we are innocent of taking them.

Forden's Defence.

I was not in the stall when the men brought the things, I knew nothing at all of it, I was gone to dinner; the two men came for the shoes, and put the bundle down upon the bulk, and said they would call again in half an hour, and give me the money for mending the shoes, but they never called.

For the Prisoners.

John Hodgson . I knew Robinson by sight: I have heard he has a very good character.

Henry Bourn . I have known Forden some years; he has a very good character.

Jane Davenport . Forden is a very honest and industrious lad.

Anne Hudson . I have known Forden from a child: I know no harm of him.

Both guilty of stealing, but not privately in the shop .

T .

262. (M.) Mary, the wife of John Hargrove , was indicted for the wilful murder of Anne Davis , by striking her on the head with an iron poker, on the 6th of April , and giving her a mortal wound; the depth half an inch, and breadth one inch; of which wound she died on the 24th.

She stood charged on the coroner's inquest for the like murder. *

Sarah Littlewood . The deceased, Anne Davis, aggravated the prisoner very much, and she took up the poker, and hit the deceased over the head.

Q. When was this?

S. Littlewood. This was about three weeks, or a month ago.

Q. Where was this?

S. Littlewood. This was at the prisoner's house, the Bull and Butcher, in Brown's Gardens, in the tap-room .

Q. In what manner did the deceased aggravate her?

S. Littlewood. The deceased said she made a whore of her daughter-in-law.

Q. Was there any thing passed besides words?

S. Littlewood. No, nothing but words.

Q. What happened after the blow?

S. Littlewood. The deceased got up from her seat in the box, and went out of the room.

Q. Did you see any wound?

S. Littlewood. No, I did not see the wound: I saw blood come immediately; she said she had got a cut on her head, and would go for a warrant: I never saw her afterwards.

Q. What sort of a blow was it?

S. Littlewood. A small blow: (an iron poker produced.) This is the poker. *

* Note, it was a common kitchen-poker, the great end pretty weighty.

Prisoner. I struck the woman with that poker, or a bigger, and if the surgeon that opened her, is of opinion that was the cause of her death, I am willing to die for it. It cut her, to be sure, and she bled excessively; if that is the surgeon's opinion, I am willing to lay down my life for her life.

Joseph Randall. The deceased sent for me, and I dressed her head on the Friday evening; I desired her to go to bed, and apply a warm poultice to it, and if she was not capable to come to me, to send word, and I would wait on her: she came the next two days, which was Saturday and Sunday, I dressed the wound and examined it, but could not find any fracture; she only complained of a little pain in her head. On the Monday, she sent word to my house, she would be glad if I would come to her; I went and enquired for her; I went in at the Bull and Butcher: Mrs. Hargrove asked me who ordered me to attend? I said I had orders from Justice Welch to attend the deceased, and dress the wound; she said, she was to pay for it, and she would employ who she pleased: she would not shew me the room. I enquired, and found her, and dressed her; and after I had dressed her, Mrs. Hargrove came up into the room, and another woman with her; there was another woman before in the room. After I had dressed it, Mrs. Hargrove insisted upon seeing it, I said I had just dressed it, and begged she would not take off the dressings. She attempted to pull the dressings off: I told her it was upon the head, and it might be of dangerous consequence: then I desired her to send for a surgeon from he hospital for fear of he consequence. She said it was no business of mine, she would take care and provide a surgeon. I left the room, and never saw her till I was sent for to open the head after she was dead.

Q. Did the prisoner take the dressings of?

Randall. I believe she did; I know the cap was off, and she attempted it; but whether she did or not, I am not quite certain. She seemed to be in a passion, and I left the room.

Q. When was you sent for to open the head?

Randall. That was on a Thursday, pretty near three weeks after. I opened her head, and found matter under the place where the blow was given upon the brain; I take it to be matter that proceeded from extravased blood: I saw also a black spot between the first and second rib, on the right side, and on the left side there were two broken ribs, the 5th and 6th.

Q. Had she complained of her ribs to you?

Randall. No, she never did to me; there was a great inflammation on the right side of the lungs.

Q. Upon the whole, what was the judgment you formed, as to the cause of her death?

Randall. I do imagine the blows that were given her, were the cause of her death.

Q. Whether the blow on the head was the cause of her death?

Randall. I think that was the principal thing. With proper care, it might not have proved mortal.

Q. from Prisoner. Whether the violent blow she had on the temple might not be more the cause of that matter, than that of the poker? I want no favour.

Randall. I don't know that I found any bruise on the side of the head.

Prisoner. I offered her Surgeon Watson.

Q. Whether according to your judgment, what she received on the ribs appeared like to be mortal?

Randall. No, my lord, they did not: there was no; or a very slight inflammation on her side.

Mr. Moffet. I was sent for by the prisoner, on the Thursday; I examined the body, and found on the outside a black spot, between the collar-bone and the 2 d rib; there was a small sore on the head: that I was informed was in consequence of a blow she had received on the left side of the head; there was a trifling blackness below the left eye; we proceeded then to open the chest, and the first object of our attention was, to see whether this black spot was nearly more than skin deep; that part appeared quite unhurt: the chest being opened, the right side of the lungs appeared quite black, and quite condensed; they were gathered up into a solid matter; there was about a pint and a half of thin matter, in which the lungs were swiming; we took them out, and put them in water; they readily swam in water; they appeared to have been useless a considerable time before the decease of the person: we then looked into the left side of the body, and found the 5th and 6th ribs broke, but the lungs were not in the least hurt by the broken ribs. These I mention because I would give my opinion clearly. As to that upon the head, I found under the scalp, the bone was bare for a considerable distance, the brain was covered with matter, but this matter would have appeared from the injury without. I gave my opinion before the coroner, that these wounds she had, were the cause of her death; but being acquainted with circumstances since, which I did not know before, that is, that she got cold, and in consequence of that, it settled on her lungs; and I am of opinion, if she had had no blow at all, that would have been sufficient to have brought on her death.

Mary Mills . I attended her from the Thursday, she did not appear to have any remarkable drowsiness.

Q. Did she at any time lose her senses?

M. Mills. No, she did not.

Mr. Burgess. I am an apothecary; I was called in three days before she died.

Q. Who called you in?

Burgess. The prisoner at the bar: she desired I would take all the pains I could; this was on Easter-Sunday. When I came to her, I understood her disorder was of the pleurisy, and upon the lungs: I thought she was so far gone, that I could not be of much use to her; yet notwithstanding, I tried.

Q. to Mills. When did the deceased die?

Mills. She died on the 24th of April.

Q. What did the prisoner do towards taking care of the deceased, after Mr. Randall went away on the Monday?

Mills. The prisoner would have had the deceased gone to the hospital, but the deceased would not go; her fever began about seven days before she died, and from that time, she grew worse and worse, by going out into the yard one day, about 11 o'clock, all in a wringing sweat.

Q. to Moffet. What do you think was the cause of her death?

Moffet. The fracture on her ribs was not; and I cannot think that on her head, without other circumstances, would have been the cause of her death. It did not appear that the bone was broke at all.

Q. Do you doubt whether she was struck with the poker?

Moffet. No; but I doubt whether that was the cause of her death. I rather am of opinion, the cause of her death was the inflammation on her lungs; I believe the wound would have been of no consequence, if she had not catched cold; there was another circumstance, the woman had miscarried about 7 weeks before.

Q. to Randall. Do you continue in that opinion, that the blow on her head brought on her death?

Randall. The injury on the brain, must be a considerable part of her death. I saw the deceased's husband, and asked him why they had not got a surgeon? he said he was a poor man, and was indebted to Mrs. Hargrove; and she told him she would give him farther indulgence, in case he would let his wife be without a surgeon.

Mills. The prisoner sent the deceased victuals and drink till she died.

Burgess. The first day I was called in, I did not know there was a wound; the second day I was informed there was a wound, but I did not dress it: I attended only as an apothecary.

John Peachey . I was in the tap-room; I heard very few words; I saw the blow given with the poker, and I went out of the house directly.

Q. What sort of a blow was it?

Peachey. A small drawing blow, not a violent hard blow.

Prisoner's Defence.

If the surgeon thinks I am the cause of her death, I am willing to die; I gave her the blow: though my passion was violent, I stopped my hand, and only let it fall; for as I was standing and she sitting, if I had struck her hard, I must have split her skull: to be sure she had been beat very cruelly; she had a very bad tongue.

Acquitted .

263. (M.) John Mulford was indicted for the wilful murder of Anne Davis , by striking her with both his hands, on the left side of her body, giving her several bruises, on the 5th of April , of which she languished till the 24th, and then died; this being done a day before that blow given with the poker .

From the evidence of the surgeons on the former trial, without calling them again, the prisoner was acquitted .

264, 265, 266. (M.) Thomas Matthews , Richard Bunce , and Mary Robinson , spinster , were indicted, for that they, on the king's highway, on John Penny did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and taking from his person one silver watch, value 4 l. one handkerchief, value 1 s. and three shillings in money, numbered, his property, and against his will , March 3 . *

John Penny . I was drinking on the third of March, in Maynard-street, St. Giles's ; the girl at the bar was there (she had been servant there); I went out to go home, and she came out to go home with me: to the best of my knowledge, she picked my pocket of my watch; while we were struggling for it, a man came and knocked me down; whether there was another man, I am not certain; I was there robbed of all I had. The girl says they got 3 s. 6 d. but I believe they got from me 9 or 10 s. I having but one leg, a little matter puts me down. I know nothing of the men at the bar, of my own knowledge.

Q. How did the girl get at your watch?

Penny. Whether she took it out of my pocket, or whether I pulled it out, I will not say; in the struggle we broke the chain, and the watchman found my key afterwards.

M. Robinson. I saw him in liquor, and was afraid somebody would make a property of him, and I desired him to deliver the watch to me, to take care of for him.

Penny. That is false; there was no such thing said.

Q. How long have you known Robinson?

Penny. I have known her two years: she lived servant at that alehouse, and I used frequently to go there: she said I took it out to see what o'clock it was: I cannot say whether I did or not.

Q. How far had you gone before this happened?

Penny. I was got about 200 yards, or thereabouts: this was in the darkest part of the street.

Charles Peder . Dick Bunce and I went into the King's-arms together, and had a pint of beer: as we were sitting there, in came Mary Robinson and the prosecutor; they went out again together; she took the watch from him, and called Dick Bunce , and bid him call Thomas Matthews to her, saying, she had got the watch; she put her hands under her petticoats, and gave the watch to Matthews: then Mary Robinson and Bunce went in to drink, and I went back and knocked him down, and robbed him; after that, I went to them at the Running-Horse.

Q. Who seat you to rob the man of his money?

Peder. I went on my own accord.

Q. Were any of the prisoners present, when you robbed him?

Peder. No, neither of them was.

Q. Did they know of it?

Peder. No, they did not.

Q. to Prosecutor. How long after your watch was gone, was it that you lost your money?

Prosecutor. I was struggling with the girl who should have it, and being immediately knocked down, I was in such a confusion, I cannot tell the time: it might be a minute, or a minute and a half after the watch chain broke; it was done instantaneously.

Q. to Peder. How long after she gave the watch to Matthews and Bunce, did you knock him down?

Peder. It was immediately: they were going down the street to the Running-horse, and I knocked him down.

Charles Chadwick . As I lay in my bed, which was just by the place where he was robbed, I heard Peder say, Stop, what do you want with the girl? he knocked him down, and said, what money have you got? I heard the prosecutor say, Spare my life: then I heard Peder say, Dick Bunce , Dick, D - n your eyes, come here. Peder knocked him down against my collar where I lie.

Matthews's Defence.

Peder has contradicted himself; I never was in the alehouse along with him; I have gone after him, to have him taken up, and he has sworn, if he was taken up, he would have me taken up.

Bunce's Defence.

When we came out of the house together, this girl took the watch; she and me: Peder never told me he had robbed the man.

All three guilty of Felony only .

[Transportation. See summary.]

267. (M.) James Morris was indicted, together with Jane Ode , not taken, for stealing one six livre piece, value 5 s. eighty guineas, 21 l. 6 s. 6 d. in money; the money of John Phoenix Sarrant , in the dwelling-house of the said Phoenix , December 29 . *

The prosecutor deposed be lost the money mentioned in the indictment, but not a word that affected the prisoner.

Acquitted .

He was a second time indicted, together with Richard Higgens , for stealing a blue cloth waistcoat, trimmed with gold, value 30 s. a pair of silver spurs, 13 physical papers of powders, a napkin and a towel, the property of John Phoenix Sarrant, in his dwelling-house .

Upon the counsel opening, there appeared no colour for such a prosecution. Without going into the evidence, they were acquitted .

They were both a second time indicted for stealing a blue cloth coat, value 18 s. the property of Phoenix Sarrant, January 14 .

This appeared as groundless as the other. Both acquitted . - The court recommended it to the prosecutor, to prevent farther trouble, to pay Higgins's expences, who had only acted as a constable in the affair. He paid him three guineas.

268. (M.) Joseph Belfore was indicted for the wilful murder of John Delahay , by driving two horses drawing a cart, over his back, by which means he instantly died , April 23 . *

Edward Nixon . On Easter-Monday I saw the prisoner driving two horses, drawing a cart; they were stopped by the wheel going into a hole; the prisoner whipped them sadly: the children got out of the cart.

Q. Where was this?

Nixon. This was in Church-street . When the children got in again, and they were going on, the deceased cry'd, O dear, I shall be down! the prisoner kept driving on, and the child fell from the shafts, and the wheel went over its back.

Q. How old was the child?

Nixon. It was 7 years and 7 months old; the prisoner shoved the child up two or three times with his hand before it fell; that kept crying out, O dear, I shall be down, I shall be down! the prisoner strove to break the fall.

William Ambross . I saw the prisoner with his cart full of children; the cart stopped: there came some gentlemen by, and whipped the horses; the children got out, and after that they got in again; there were two more upon the shafts: one of the boys cry'd out, O dear, I shall be down! the prisoner lifted him up, and in a little way going, the child fell under the near wheel, and the wheel ran over his back, and killed the child.

Q. Did the prisoner do all in his power to save him?

Ambross. For all I know, he did.

Acquitted .

269. (M.) Mary McGuire, spinster , otherwise Mary Ryley , was indicted for stealing one pair of stone buttons, set in silver, value 5 s. one linen apron, and one cloth cloak , the property of Rowland Wilstead , April 14 . +

Eleanor Wilstead . My husband's name is Rowland. On the 14th of April, I lost the things mentioned in the indictment, and found them again with the prisoner at the bar; she had the buttons in her hand, and the cloak was in a closet in the house where I found her, in Cross-lane, by Newtoner's-lane: she owned to the taking the things, and directed us to the pawnbroker, where she had pawned the apron.

Q. Did you know the prisoner before?

E. Wilstead. I took her as a servant upon trial; she staid a fortnight, and then went away.

Charles Spencer . On the 14th of April, I was at the prosecutor's house: Mrs. Wilstead sent the prisoner up to make the bed; she went up. Soon after, Mr. Wilstead went up, and returned and said, the girl and things mentioned, were missing; she desired me to go to a young fellow that the girl kept company with, to enquire for her. I did, and was informed she was in Cross-lane: we went there, and found her; she had the buttons in her hand, the cloak was found in a closet, and the apron was pawned: she seemed to be pretty much in liquor: all this was in about an hour after she and the things were missing.

Prisoner's Defence.

I had been with Mrs. Wilstead three weeks: I got up on a Thursday morning; she came down, and we had words; she gave me warning to go away. I gave her 1 s. 6 d. for the cloak, the apron she gave me; as to the other things, I know nothing of them.

Q. to E. Wilstead. Is what the prisoner says true?

E. Wilstead. It is all false: I did not give or sell her any thing.

Guilty . W

270. (L.) Francis Welch was indicted for stealing a cotton handkerchief, value 12 d. the property of Henry Wiggins , April 16 . +

Henry Wiggins . On a Sunday night, between the 15th and 16th of April, I was coming down Ludgate-hill as the watch went 12; there came the prisoner and five or six more, rushing by us in a ruffian-like manner; they said nothing to us. nor we to them: just as we came to the corner of the Old-Bailey, a girl took my companion by the hand, and, in the mean time, all these fellows came back again, and gathered round him, that I could not see him: I returned back, the prisoner came close to me, and immediately I saw my handkerchief in the prisoner's hand: he went to toss it from his right hand to his left, and the handkerchief fell all open. I was afraid to say any thing then, being by myself: I ran and told my companion of it: said he, do you know the man? I said, I did: then said he, we will go and get the handkerchief again. When the prisoner saw me see he had my handkerchief, he shuffled up to hide it, and another of them came and catched it out of his hand, but I could not take notice of him. My companion and I went up to the prisoner: I said, you are the young man that took my handkerchief out of my pocket: he said, I know nothing of it: we took him, and met the watchman, and charged him with him: just before we came to the watch-house, he slipped his arm out of my hand, and struck me on the breast: he denied having the handkerchief: he said his name was Smith: but the next morning he said he was a copper-plate printer, and lived by Charing-cross, and that he was a master.

Q. Was it light or dark?

Wiggins. It was just under a lamp. I have no doubt at all as to the man.

Q. When had you your handkerchief last?

Wiggins. I had it in my hand not above three minutes before.

Q. What are you?

Wiggins. I am a journeyman peruke-maker: I have not been long out of the country.

Fildue Morey. I was with the prosecutor at this time; he told me he had lost his handkerchief; I asked him if he knew the man that took it; he said, he did; then we went, and he pitched upon the prisoner; and said, he took it out of his pocket.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was coming down Ludgate-hill; said the gentlemen, these are very pretty girls; yes, said I, so they are. He goes down the hill, and after that, brings up a watchman, and charged me with picking his pocket of a handkerchief. I know no more of the handkerchief than your Lordship. I am a copper-plate printer . My father is dead, and my father-in-law's name is Smith. I left Bristol about a month ago, and have been with my father-in-law, in the Strand, ever since.

Acquitted .

271. (L.) Michael Levi was indicted for stealing four pieces of velvet, being part of a man's coat, value 14 s. six pieces of flowered silk, being part of a woman's gown, value 10 s. the property of Lazarus Barnard , March 15 . +

Lazarus Barnard, being a Polish Jew , and speaking the Hebrew language, Samuel Jacobs was sworn interpreter.

Lazarus Barnard. I am a Polish Jew. I hired the prisoner as a porter , to carry these things, with others, in a bundle, to a warehouse, and paid him; and when I came to look over my goods, these were missing. He carried them from Wapping to St. James's, Duke's Place. When I came to make my complaint to my countrymen, and another man, they told me they had seen the prisoner with these same goods; four pieces of cut velvet, and six pieces of stuff for a gown. I sent my countryman, Levi Joseph , to whom the prisoner had offered them to sale, as he told me, to buy them again of the prisoner.

Levi Joseph . I was at the vestry, and heard Lazarus Barnard's complaint. I said the prisoner had offered them to me to sell: he sent me to buy them: I went and bought them of the prisoner at the bar. (Produced and deposed to.)

Prisoner's Defence.

I had these goods of another person to sell for him.

He called Solomon Hart , Abraham Rodrega , and Henry Symonds ; who gave him a good character.

Guilty . T .

272. (M.) Elizabeth Ramsey , spinster , was indicted for stealing one woollen blanket, value 3 s. a shirt, and a muslin handkerchief , the property of Nathaniel Elby , Feb. 18 . ++

Acquitted .

273. (M.) Charles Banks was indicted for stealing a Looking-glass, value 5 s. the property of Austin Thompson , April 11 . ++

Austin Thompson. I live in King-street, Seven-dials . I was not in the way when a looking-glass was taken away about three weeks ago. We suspected the prisoner, (he was a lodger in the house) and took him up, and charged him with taking it; he confessed he did take it. I took him before Justice Welsh; he there owned the same, and that he gave it to his wife, who sold it for 3 s. in Broker's-alley.

Keazey his wife confirmed the evidence he had given.

Elizabeth Blackbird , and William Randal, both confirmed that of the prisoner's confession.

Prisoner's Defence.

I am quite innocent, as there is a just God above.

He called Thomas Page , and Abraham Razier , who gave him a good character.

Guilty . T .

274. (M.) Elizabeth, Wife of William Perry , was indicted, together with her husband, (since dead) for stealing one cloth coat, value 5 s. one cloth waistcoat, value 2 s. one pair of cloth breeches, one pair of shoes, one pair of silver shoe-buckles, one pair of silver knee buckles, one Peruke, and 10 s. in money, numbered , the property of Samuel Hatton , March 13 . ++

Samuel Hatton . The prisoner at the bar and I, were fellow servants together, at the Queen's-head tavern, in Holborn. She left the service, and I also: I went to live at the Golden-cross, Charing-cross: she came there, and told me her husband had entered for a soldier, and desired me to lend her some money to take some things out of pawn, and said, she would pay it me again: I told her I would, and went that night to see her: I was to bring the money the next night: I staid with her part of the night: and when I was asleep, she awaked me, and told me, her husband was coming: he came into the room: I had not time to examine after my cloaths, but got out of the room upon the stair-case: I staid there till the man of the house came with a candle to me, I believe the cloaths, mentioned in the indictment, coat, waistcoat, breeches, one stocking, shoe and knee-bukles, shoes, and a neckcloth, were left in the room: I am certain they were not brought out while I was on the stair-case: they turned me out naked. I went to a man who was so good as to lend me cloaths. I went and got a warrant, and took her and her husband up: I got all again, all but my money: he had carried my cloaths to the cock in Tottenham court road: they both confessed, before the justice, that they each had a hand in taking my things, and she had the waistcoat on her: they gave no account of the money: she had the buckles in her pocket.

Mr. Hart. On the 13th of March, about 7 in the morning, the prisoner and her husband were brought to my door: we carried them before Justice Cox at the Rotation-office: the prisoner acknowledged she had the prosecutor's buckles and waistcoat: they both confessed they were jointly concerned in taking the prosecutor's cloaths. We took the husband to Tottenham-court, where they said the things were, and found them, and brought them to Titchfield-street. The husband is since dead in prison.

Prisoner's Defence.

I did not take the cloaths.

Guilty . T .

275. (M.) Robert Bowen was indicted, for that he, on the 25th of December , about the hour of three in the night, the dwelling house of Samuel Pool did break and enter, and stealing six linen shirts, two silver spoons, one cloth coat, one wooden box, and two burnishing stones, the property of the said Samuel . ++

Samuel Pool . I live in Rose-lane, Spital-fields . On the 25th of December, I was awaked about seven in the morning, and told my house was broke open: I went down, and found a hole broke at the top of the cieling into the club-room, which is a ground floor: we missed the things mentioned in the indictment. I am a carver and guilder , and keep on that business, as well as a public-house : the prisoner is a taylor ; he made the cloaths I have now on: I have been a great friend to him.

Q. Why do you charge the prisoner?

Pool. It is his son that charges him.

The boy was very young, (a child) and knew not the nature of an oath.

Acquitted .

276. (M.) John Dunning was indicted for stealing 6 lb. weight of tobacco, value 3 s. the property of persons unknown, April 7 . +

Robert Armstrong . On the 7th of April, I catched the prisoner on iron-key wharf , with this quantity of tobacco: (producing about 6 or 7 lb.) it was concealed in his coat and breeches: he was coming from a hogshead: I do not know who it belonged to.

John Brown , and Thomas Britton , two watchmen that were at the apprehending the prisoner, confirmed his account.

Guilty 10 d . W .

277. (M.) Catharine Nelson , widow , was indicted for stealing one silk gown, value 1 s. one white linen apron, value 6 d. the property of Mary Derrett , spinster , March 16 . +

Mary Derrett . The prisoner worked for my mother: I lost the things mentioned in the indictment, some time in March; I suspected the prisoner, and took her up, and charged her: she owned she had taken them, and pawned them to Mr. Howard, where they were found.

Mr. Howard. The gown was pledged to me by the prisoner, on the 12th of March, and the apron the 16th; (produced and deposed to).

The prisoner in her defence said, the prosecutrix lent her the things to pawn, which the prosecutrix denied.

Guilty, 10 d . W .

278. (M) Patrick Hurley was indicted for stealing one piece of timber, value 18 d. the property of William Lloyd and John Johnson , April 7 . ++

John Woodman . I am watchman in Cavendish-square. After 11 at night, on the 7th of April, I stopped the prisoner with three pieces of timber, called Fir-quarter, about 5 feet long each: I took him to the watch-house: on the Monday morning he confessed he had sold a piece to Henry Hicks ; we took him before Sir John Fielding , and Sir John granted a search warrant: we took the prisoner with us, and one of Sir John's constables: we searched, and found the piece of timber in Henry Hicks 's cellar: we desired him to take it up, and carry it to the place where he brought it from, which was Lloyd and Johnson's Meuse: he took it up, and carried it to Messrs. Lloyd and Johnson, in Marybone parish, called Queen Anne's street, to some new buildings, and said he brought it from that place. He said, the first he carried to Hicks, Hicks told him if he got any, to bring them to him, and he would give him as much as any body would for it; and not to come in at the shop door, but come round another way. The three pieces now lie at the watch-house, and nobody as yet has owned them.

Henry Abot . I am clerk to Johnson and Lloyd. On the 9th of April, we took the prisoner at the bar before Sir John Fielding . He confirmed Woodman's account, with this addition, that he valued the piece of timber laid in the indictment at 3 s.

Prisoner's Defence.

I throw myself up to the mercy of God and the jury: I have nothing to say for myself. The first thing I carried to Hicks, were some chips, and he gave me 2 d. for them. I declare they were not worth one penny: he encouraged me to do it: I am a labourer .

Guilty . T .

279, 280. (M.) Robert Welch and John Woodcock , were indicted for stealing 7 s. in money, numbered , the property of Eliz Flavawn , widow , April 26 . +

Elizabeth Flavawn . I live in Brick-lane , and keep a chandler's shop : all I know is, that the 7 s. is my property; I was then out of the way.

Anne Rowlet . On Thursday, in the evening, the 26th of April, I was sitting at work in the kitchen, and heard somebody whisper in the shop: I threw down my work, and ran into the shop; there were the two prisoners; before I could speak to them, they asked me if I sold eggs? I said yes they asked how I sold them? I said some eight a groat, and some at ten: they said they wanted some at twelve a groat. I looked down, and saw a print of a muddy foot behind the counter, and the till was open: I went and looked in it, there was 5 s. gone; I looked in the other till, and there were 2 s. gone out of that: I directly charged them with taking it, and shewed them the print of the foot: one of them said, I'll be d - d if I have it, I'll be searched, for I have as honest a father and mother as you: they went out, and I went to the door, and called Stop thief; the next door neighbour pursued and catched one that was concerned with them, that stood at the door, and did not come in: he impeached the prisoners, and the next morning they were taken.

Q. How old are the prisoners?

A. Rowlet. One is thirteen: the other a little above.

Christian Cavisier . I and the two prisoners were coming along Brick-lane, they went in to buy some eggs, and took an opportunity to rob the till; I was out at the door, and saw Woodcock go round the counter; they went in with a design to rob the shop.

William Davis . I was standing at my own door: two boys went into the prosecutrix's shop, and another stood at the door; the maid by and by came to the door, and cried out, saying, they had robbed the till: I ran and took the evidence.

John Chapman . I am the officer that had the prisoners in charge: I searched Woodcock, and found 7 s. in his pocket (produced in court); I took them both in bed, on the information of the evidence: they owned before Samuel Garret they had taken 7 s. in this shop, all in shillings.

The prisoners said nothing in their defence.

Both guilty of stealing, but not in the shop . T .

281, 282. (M.) William Lewin and Henry Fossett were indicted for stealing 42 fans, value 10 s. ten thousand pins, value 2 s. four pounds weight of wax candles, value 2 s. twelve pounds weight of bohea tea, value 12 s. five pounds weight of green tea, value 9 s. six pounds weight of coffee, value 6 s. the property of Robert Quinnell , March 9 . +

John Langrig . I am a head borough of St. Giles's parish. Between the 7th and 8th of March, I was with Mr. Marsden: I took Lewin somewhere by Golden-lane: he had a bag with him: I asked him what he had there? he said it was tea: we examined it, and there were three parcels of tea, a parcel of coffee, pins, fans, and other things: we had an information against him.

George Ringwood . I live in Cheapside, by Foster-lane, and am a fan-maker. I had an order to deliver forty-two fans to Mr. Lamden, in the Poultry, to be sent to Chichester, with some of his things; there is my hand-writing with them, (Forty-two fans produced) here is my bill of parcels; those are the same I delivered at Mr. Lamden's, and Mr. Lamden was to send them to the carrier: I heard nothing of their being lost, till Mr. Quinnell, the waggoner , advertised them.

David Davis . I am a pin maker. (A parcel of pins produced.) These pins seem to be part of the pins sold to Mrs. Jowel, of Chichester: there was a bill inclosed, which is not here: here are one thousand of these. Mrs. Jowel was in town the 7th of March last, and bought the pins, and paid for them; they were delivered to Mr. Lamden, by her order, and packed with his goods, to be sent by Mr. Quinnell, the waggoner, to Chichester.

Richard Hill. I am servant to Mr. Walington. I carried a parcel of wax candles, by my master's order, to Mr. Lamden's, at the corner of Grocer's alley, to be packed up with his goods, to go to Chichester: (A parcel of candles produced) these are part of them: here is my hand-writing on them.

Edward Lamden . I keep a china and glass-shop. There were some teas and other goods that I sold to Mrs. Jowel at Chichester; she had bought some other things, and desired I would pack them together, and send them by the waggon; and by the appearance of these things produced here, these seem to be the goods (he takes up some empty bags): these I believe to be the bags the teas were in: the teas are re-delivered, in order that, they should not be spoiled: here is one or two of them with my mark on them: the size also answers: they were put into a box: there was a parcel appeared to be fans, and another parcel of pins, by the form of them, and some wax-lights: the coffee, as well as the tea, was sold by me: I packed them together, and sent them by my servant, Humphry Thomas, to the inn, to be delivered to the waggoner, to go to Chichester.

Humphry Thomas. On Thursday, the 8th of March, I carried a box to the White-hart, in the Borough, to go by Mr. Quinnell's waggon.

Q. to Langrig. Did you find these things in a box?

Langrig. No, I found them in a bag, on the prisoner.

William Read . I am book-keeper to Mr. Quinnell: I remember a box coming directed to one Thomas Jowel , of Chichester, which was missing afterwards. On the 8th of March, Lewin, before Sir John Fielding , confessed he took the box, and that Fossett was with him, between 10 and 11 at night.

Lewin, Guilty . T .

Fossett, Acquitted .

(L.) Henry Fossett a second time, and Barnard Solomons , were indicted for stealing a wooden box, value 2 s. and seventy-two pounds weight of tallow candles, value 36 s. the property of Robert Bull , December 4 ++

Holton Vere. There was an order came to me, on the 8th of December, to send a box of candles to Mr. Doltrey, a druggist, in Cannon-street; they were sent on the 10th: (I live in Bear-street, Leicester-fields, and am a tallow-chandler): my man carried them, and brought the money that afternoon; and some time after Sir John Fielding sent for me, and shewed me two or three candles, and asked me if I could swear to them; as to that I could not do it, but they seemed to be the same.

John Simpson . I live with Mr. Doltrey. We bought the candles for Mr. Smith, of Huntingdon: I delivered them myself to Mr. Bull's porter: I believe there were six dozen of them: they were directed to Mr. Smith, surgeon, at Huntingdon. Mr. Bull is the waggoner .

John Wheatley . I am porter to Mr. Robert Bull : he sent me to the chymist's to fetch the candles: I brought them safe to the inn-yard, at the Cock, in Aldersgate-street. I set them down, and went and told my master in the kitchen of them: he came and looked at them, and when we came to load the next morning, they were lost.

Thomas Lloyd . Mr. Solomons, Mr. Fosset, and I took those candles away, on a Saturday night, a little before Christmas, about 8 o'clock, from the Cock-inn yard, Aldersgate-street. Solomons had seen it before, and he came and fetched Fossett and I: we went on purpose to fetch that, and carried it by turns, to a house on the other side Bishopsgate, hard by Stoney-lane, where Solomons is acquainted; we uncorded the box, and looked at it, and saw it was candles; then we left it there, and went to the Coach and Horses, in Shoreditch, to the house of Richard Swift , and told him what we had got; he bid us bring them: then we went to Bishopsgate-street, and gave a shilling for a basket, and put the candles into it, and all three of us carried them to Swift's house, and he bought them: he gave us four-pence halfpenny a pound.

Fossett. This fellow was taken up for picking of pockets, when the Prince of Brunswick was married: he was an evidence against his own brother, and was tried for stealing a handkerchief.

William Steers . I bought a parcel of candles of Richard Swift , about two days before last Christmas-eve: there were about five dozen and a half of them. Swift told me they belonged to Fossett and Solomons; I said that was nothing to me, who they belong to; I was to give five-pence halfpenny a pound for them: I gave him 30 s. for them.

Q. Where did you agree for them?

Steers. In Swift's own house.

Q. Does Swift deal in candles?

Steers. He said they did not belong to him; he had them to sell for Fossett and Solomons.

Fossett. Steers is the greatest rogue in England; he bought a pocket-book and bills, which Brinklow was tried for.

John Adams . I heard Fossett acknowledge before Sir John Fielding , that he was concerned with Lloyd, in taking away those candles from the Cock.

Fossett's Defence.

That man is a thief-taker. I suppose they all belong to M'Daniel and Berry; I never was along with Lloyd in all my life.

Solomons's Defence.

I never was in company with Lloyd in my life: no man ever saw me in that villain's company.

For Fossett.

John Townsend . I have known Fossett twelve or fourteen years: I know him in the capacity of a drover: I never heard any thing amiss of his character till now.

For Solomons.

Barnard Moses . I have known Solomons above fourteen or fifteen years: he bears a very honest good character, and always worked honestly for his bread.

Both Guilty . T .

See Solomons tried, No. 8. in this mayoralty.

See him mentioned by the name of Solomon Barnard , on the trial of Elizabeth Thompson , No. 196. in this mayoralty.

283. (M.) Richard Swift was indicted for receiving the said candles, well knowing them to have been stolen .

The same evidence was produced on this trial to prove the fact.

Prisoner's Defence.

In regard to Mr. Steers, he, about fourteen months ago, was tried for stealing three India bonds of an hundred pounds each; he brought people to swear he bought them of a Jew; he got discharged from it, and since that he has turned evidence, since he brought people to perjure themselves. He was an evidence last sessions against Dick Hitchin . I had no occasion to go and buy candles to sell again; as I keep a public-house , I could spend them myself. Mr. Fielding owes me a grudge; he advertised me ten guineas reward; he once offered to allow me 50 l. a year to be one of his informers; this is the 5th time I have been here, and never nobody appeared against me before. Lloyd has been taken up for picking of pockets, and has been five weeks in the Gatehouse. I heard at the Blakeney's-head, that Sir John said, if it cost him 500 l. he would never leave me till he had transported me. I never saw one of these candles; the candles were found in Steers's house; he buys stolen goods; he proves it; last sessions he bought all the hats stolen out of Lombard-street.

To his Character.

John Park . I believe I have known Mr. Swift 14 or 15 years.

Q. What is his general character?

Park. I have heard people say a good deal of harm, and a good deal of good of him; he has been at my house five hundred times; I never knew any harm of him.

Robert Skeets . I have known him about six years; I never knew any harm of him in my life; I used to saw out his box-wood for him; he is an ivory turner , and used to make fishing-reels.

Q. What are you?

Skeets. I am a pump maker.

Guilty . T. 14 .

284, 285. (L.) Solomon Solomons , Lyon Barnard , and Barnard Solomon , a second time, were indicted for stealing ten pieces of shalloon, containing in the whole 300 yards, value 24 l. the property of Benjamin Norris , March 1 . +

Michael Bovell . On the first of March I received a truss of goods from Benjamin Norris of Newberry, consigned to me by invoice to be ten pieces of shalloon. I had an order to send them to Mr. Edward Parsons , at Aldgate; I delivered them to William Robey , a ticket-porter; there my knowledge ended.

William Robey . I am a porter. I received some goods in a wrapper from Mr. Bovell; on the outside was marked A. N. 10 shalloons; I delivered them to the carman, named Robert Speckman , on the first of March.

Robert Speckman . I received two trusses of goods of the last evidence; I do not know what they were; I did not mind the marks on the wrappers; I was to deliver one in Coleman-street, and the other I was to carry to Aldgate; while I delivered that in Coleman-street, I went to have the note signed; and when I returned, the other was gone.

Q. Did you see either of the prisoners where your cart stood?

Speckman. No, I did not.

William Marks . I think it was on a Saturday there was an Information brought to Mr. Murry, that there was stolen goods brought to a little house, in Hatchard-alley, Little Tower-hill; we went there; I went into the under room, and heard somebody walking above; I went directly up stairs; and, in the middle part of the stairs, I met the three prisoners coming down; Mr. Murry stood in the yard; he had a pistol in his hand, and told them, the first man that offered to stir he would blow his brains out. Upon hearing that Barnard Solomon had beat two or three of Sir John's people the day before, in White-chapel, he took fire-arms with him. They all stopped. I came down, and brought a parcel of ribbons with me. I took and tied Barnard's hands behind him first; he being a Jew, said, it was his Sabbath, and would not be exposed; we secured the other two; then I went up stairs again, and under the bed was a young lad; he got away I know not how. In a closet I found seven pieces of shalloon, and two remnants; I brought them all down stairs, and put them in the yard by Mr. Murry; then I searched the prisoners; and, in the pocket of Solomon Solomons I found a pair of silver buckles. We carried them before my Lord Mayor; they were committed for further examination. The woman of the house said, Solomon Solomons rented the room.

James Murry . There was one Riley, that was in the room along with the prisoners, that came and gave me information there were some goods which were stolen. When we searched the lower room we found nothing at all. Mr. Marks went up stairs, the prisoners all came running down; said I to Barnard, who is called the Bear, you are a fighting man, and have beat six people at Aldgate church, and if you stir an inch, I'll shoot the first person that moves. Mr. Marks brought the goods down, and put them before me; after that, we got a coach, and brought them before my Lord Mayor, and they were committed. I advertised the ribbons, and a person from Greenwich came and owned them. I know no more of the shalloons than that they were found in Solomon Solomons 's house.

John Robinson , who was with Marks and Murry in taking the prisoners and searching them, gave the same testimony.

All Three Acquitted .

(L.) Barnard Solomons, a third time, and Henry Fosset , a third time, were indicted for stealing twenty-eight yards of grey cotton cloth, value 28 s. the property of John Slowman .

Robert Lamley . We had a bill of parcels sent us from Lincolnshire, of thirty-two pieces in a parcel; the carrier brought and left it in our court on an afternoon, and the porter had not an opportunity of opening it before the evening; when he opened it, he brought in only thirty-one pieces; I counted and found it so. They were the property of John Slowman .

William Steers . I bought a piece of cotton of Richard Swift ; there were twenty-seven yards of it; a week before last Christmas he told me he had it to sell for Fosset; I paid him a guinea for it.

Thomas Lloyd. Solomons, Fosset. and I, took this piece of cotton out of a bale; there were about 27 or 28 yards of it; we carried it to Swift, and he bought it.

Q. Where did you take it from?

Lloyd. We took it out from Mr. Slowman's yard, in Friday-street. Swift gave us 7 d. halfpenny a yard for it.

Q. from Fosset. Did not I fetch the cotton out of the inn yard myself?

Lloyd. You did.

Fosset. You are the greatest rogue in the world; I carried it to Steers, and he bid money for it.

Solomons. Steers bought the cotton of us; Swift did not buy it.

Fosset. Steers bought it of me myself; I and Lloyd stole it. Lloyd wanted me to go a picking pockets with him; I told him it was a low-life thing. Solomon and Swift are innocent. Swift did say, I'll find you a fence; and I sold it to Steers in Dick Swift 's parlour.

Lloyd. Swift paid Solomons the money, and we shared just 14 s. each.

Solomons's Defence.

I have nothing to say. Steers keeps a parcel of fellows that go out a thieving; and when they steal goods he makes himself an evidence. He has been tried three or four times.

Fossett's Defence.

I stole a box of blue out of the George-Inn, on Snow-hill; the gentleman cannot miss them for a great while; I stole also some physic stuff; I had these to carry to Steers. Mr. Wilks, at the Cock, in Aldersgate-street, said to me, What did you do with the box? I said, I burnt it; I never let any body know what I do with the things; Steers bought them of me, or I wish I may be cast for death, and not be reprieved. I assure you, the poor man does not know what he has lost, and that fool the evidence cannot tell him. I am guilty of what I am charged with, I assure you. I hope I shall have Lloyd and Steers in the plantation along with me.

Lloyd. You have robbed the George Yard above this three years.

Both Guilty .

There was another indictment against Fosset for stealing a quantity of tin; there was an indictment against Swift for receiving the cotton; but, be being cast before, be was not tried upon this.

(M.) William Lewin , a third time, was indicted for stealing a silver watch, value 40 s. one metal seal, value 6 d. one steel seal, value 6 d. one brass key, value 1 d. one steel watch chain, value 6 d. the property of Paul Ghignon , privately from his person , March 25 . ++

Paul Ghignon . I went along with two gentlemen to New-prison on the 25th of March, between three and four in the afternoon; Lewin was then a prisoner there; he took up a dog which we had with us; I went to him to get the dog from him, and at that time he gave me a push; about ten minutes after, the two gentlemen with me, said, they had lost their handkerchiefs; said I, I have got mine, but my watch is gone.

Anne Brinklow . On the 26th of March I went to New-prison to see a prisoner, and Lewin, the prisoner at the bar, gave me a watch, and desired I would go and pawn it; I carried it, and delivered it to Edward Clark for him to pawn it; and he went and pawned it; he gave me the money, and I carried it to Lewin, and gave it to him; it was a guinea and a half; he pawned it in Golden-lane.

Q. What time, on the 26th, did Lewin deliver the watch to you?

Anne Brinklow . About noon, or betwixt one and two.

Prisoner. This woman's husband was transported a little while ago; she herself was taken up for picking of pockets; she is a common prostitute about the streets.

See No. 289. in last mayoralty.

Q. to Prosecutor. When you lost your watch, did you not inquire about of the prisoners for it?

Prosecutor. I told Mr. Pentilow, the keeper, of it; they searched and inquired, but could not find it.

Edward Clark . I am a cabinet-maker. I have frequently pledged things for Anne Brinklow . On the 26th of March she brought me a watch to pledge; I went with her, and borrowed a guinea and a half on it, and gave her the money; and she went to her friend in New Prison with it.

Q. Did she go with you into the shop?

Clark. She did.

Q. What time of the day?

Clark. It was about an hour before dark; it was on a Monday; she returned after it was dark to my house in a great hurry, and said, she was afraid trouble would attend it, for the understood the watch was stole.

Q. Who did you apprehend was her friend in prison?

Clark. I apprehended Barnard the Jew was. She said it belonged to Barnard when she brought it to me, otherwise I had not attempted to pledge it; for I had before pledged Barnard's cloaths, which she brought me. I thought I should come into trouble for concealing it, and I went and told it to Sir John Fielding ; and he granted me a warrant to take up this woman, which I did; then she made a discovery who she had the watch of; she said the same before Sir John Fielding as she has here; that she had it of the prisoner. I had three five and threepenny pieces, some silver, and a half guinea; and when she returned to my house, she had a five and threepenny-piece, and some silver, in her pocket, which I understood to be part of the money.

Francis Smith . On the 26th of March, in the afternoon, I took a watch in pledge of Mr. Clark, for a guinea and half.

Q. Did any body come with him?

Smith. I don't remember seeing any body with him; it is possible there might.

Q. Do you recollect what sort of money you lent him?

Smith. I do not. This is the watch, (producing one.)

Q. to Clark. Look at that watch, (he takes it in his hand.)

Clark. This is the watch I had of Anne Brinklow , and pledged with this evidence.

Prosecutor. This is my watch, which I lost in New-prison.

Q. to Anne Brinklow . Look at that watch, (she takes it in her hand.)

Anne Brinklow . I can remember this is the watch which I had of the prisoner at the bar, and delivered to Mr. Clark.

Thomas Street . I keep the tap in New-prison. On Sunday, the 25th of March, in the afternoon, I remember the prosecutor's saying he had lost his watch; I went and told Mr. Pentilow of it; we searched every body that we thought might have it, but could not find it. I never heard any more of it till the Monday; then Sir John Fielding committed the prisoner and others to Newgate.

Q. to Prosecutor. Did any of the other prisoners touch you as well as the prisoner?

Prosecutor. Yes, they did; there were a great many of them.

Prisoner's Defence.

The yard was as full of people as ever it could hold, and I was so full of liquor I could not stand on my legs. I was playing with the dog, by taking hold of his tail.

Q. to Street. Was the prisoner fuddled?

Street. The yard was very full of people coming to see the prisoners. The prisoner was fuddled I observed, but it was afterwards.

Acquitted .

(L.) Solomon Solomons, a second time, and Lion Barnard, a 2d time, were indicted for stealing seven pair of worsted mittens, value 7 s. six silk and cotton handkerchiefs, four linen handkerchiefs, and an hundred yards of silk and cotton ribbon , the property of Sarah Everet , spinster , March 2 . ++

Sarah Everet . I live in Bear-lane, Greenwich . On the 2d of March, about seven in the evening, we were in a little parlour, next to the shop, by the fire side, having but little to do; a person went by and whistled, and said, Do you know your sash is open? I went into the shop, and missed the things mentioned in the indictment, (mentioning them): the things being advertised, a neighbour came and told us; I went, as directed, to Rosemary-lane, to the house of James Murry, and there found some ribbons, handkerchiefs, and mittens, part of what I had lost.

John Robinson . I was walking along Wapping, and met Solomon Solomons ; he said, he knew of such a place, where he could get such and such things; he had been trying at the window once before; he said, it was in Bear-lane, at Greenwich: on the 2d of March we went down, and about seven at night, we lifted up the window, and took the things out; there was one John Sims along with us, but he is not to be found. He took the ribbons out in a box, and gave it to Solomons; Solomons took and tied them up, and said, D - n your blood, go back and see for something else; we went back, and got a piece of South-sea handkerchiefs. There were twenty-eight balls of ribbon of different colours. We got seven pair of mittens, of different kinds; we brought them up; and, in Solomons's house, on Tower hill, we opened the goods; he went and fetched Lion Barnard to buy them; we asked him 3 l. for them; he agreed for a guinea and a half; he gave us a five and threepenny piece. The thief-catchers came that very day, being the 3 d, about twelve o'clock, and took the goods out of the room, and took the two prisoners. I was taken coming along Radcliff-highway; then I owned the fact.

William Marks , and James Murry , gave the same account as on the former trial, of the taking the prisoners in the house of Solomons, and the finding the goods mentioned in this indictment.

Solomons's Defence.

The girl I live with is a washer-woman. I being out on the Friday night, the man of the house and his own brother, came into the house; I did not come home till eleven at night; then I went to bed, and got up in the morning, and went to the synagogue, and staid there till twelve; there I met Solomon Barnard , and his brother, Lyon Barnard; I asked them where they were going; they said, to the French-horn, Crutched-fryars, for some prize money; I said, if you'll stay, I'll take a walk along with you; we were not up stairs above ten minutes before the constables came up, and said, they had an information against me, for having stolen goods in my room.

For the prisoners.

Anne Solomons . I live with Solomon Solomons . The evidence, Robinson, brought the bundle into our room, about seven o'clock, and desired me to let him leave it; he had a boy along with him; I wash for him; he used to come and strip himself, and leave his linen and bundles for me to wash.

Q. When was this?

Anne Solomons . This was on Saturday morning, the 3d of March, the same day the prisoners were taken: the evening before Solomon Solomons was at Levi Simons 's at supper.

Q. Did you see him there?

Anne Solomons . No, I did not; but he was out all the afternoon, and returned, much about eleven at night, much in liquor.

Levi Simons . I live in St. James's, Duke's Place. I cannot tell the day of the month. Solomon Solomons used to call at a house where I live; he always behaved very honest as far as I know; on a Friday he came and desired to keep his Sabbath there; (our Sabbath comes on about six o'clock) he staid with me, and eat and drank, till past nine; and I saw him at the synagogue after that.

Abraham Rodricus . I have seen Solomons about our place; he always works hard for his living. I know no more.

Q. Do you know where he was on the Friday night before he was taken up?

Rodericus. No, I do not.

Moses Spencer . I have known Solomon Solomons eight years; I know him to be a very honest man. I know the other prisoner, Barnard; he is a very honest man.

Henry Lyon . I know Solomon Solomons very well. I am turnkey at the Poultry Compter; when he was brought to the compter I was surprized at it; I told Mr. Marks I knew him to be a very honest man.

Both Acquitted .

286, 287. (L.) Samuel Goff , and John Robins , together with Henry Fosset , (not set to the bar, being already cast) were indicted for stealing one wooden box, value 2 s. four bibles, value 40 s. and twelve other printed books, bound , the property of Thomas Jaques . ++

Thomas Jaques . There were two boxes brought to me, about the beginning of January, to the George-Inn, Snow-hill ; they were to go down into Oxfordshire. I am the book-keeper ; I took them into my custody; they were taken away and I did not miss them till they were inquired after; I know nothing who took them.

Thomas Lloyd . I took the box of books out of the George-Inn yard, Snow-hill; Fosset and the two prisoners were with me; Richard Swift gave Fosset and me twelve shillings for them.

Both Acquitted .

See Swift an evidence against his accomplice, Joseph Golding , for a highway robbery, (No. 22, in April sessions, in Sir John Barnard 's mayoralty) who was capitally convicted and executed.

See also the last mayoralty of Sir Daniel Lambert , (No. 5.) where he and his wife appeared on behalf of Robert Ramsey , who was cast and executed.

288. (M.) Mary Blare , widow , was indicted for stealing two blankets, two sheets, a bolster, a pillow-case, and a looking-glass, the property of Christian Hobson , widow , in her ready-furnished lodgings . ++

Guilty . T .

290. (M.) John Ives , and Richard Gray , were indicted, for that they, on the 24th of March , about the hour of nine at night, the dwelling house of George Rice , Esq ; did break and enter, and stealing one pair of pistols, value 12 s. the property of the said George; four woollen cloth coats, value 40 s. five woollen waistcoats, value 20 s. three linen waistcoats, value 15 s. three pair of cloth breeches, the property of William Thomas ; one woollen cloth coat, one woollen cloth waistcoat, one pair of leather breeches, one man's hat, the property of James Eaton ; one black silk cloak, one linen apron, one silk handkerchief. three linen shifts, three shift sleeves, four gowns, the property of Anne Brown , spinster ; one linen pocket, one worsted pocket, two shifts, two aprons, one pair of stays, a cotton handkerchief, a silk handkerchief, three other handkerchiefs, a sattin hat, a pair of ruffles, the property of Anne Robinson , spinster ; one long lawn gown, two cotton gowns, one callimancoe petticoat, one silk petticoat, four dimmity petticoats, twelve linen shifts, three pair of ruffles, three linen aprons, four linen caps, two linen handkerchiefs, one pair of silver shoe buckles, and other things, and one guinea and a half in money, the property of Jane Mitchel , spinster , in the dwelling house of the said George Rice , Esq ; *

John Barnes . The two prisoners and I were all together; we broke open the house of Mr. Rice, and took out a pair of pistols, some cloaths, coats and waistcoats, and women's apparel. There were a great many things.

Q. How did you get in?

Barnes. We got into an uninhabited house that was a building. Ives sold the things to a cloaths-man in Holborn; I can't tell his name. The money was shared between us three. There were three packs of cards; we cut for the pistols and the hat. I and Richard Gray stood on the outside the house, and Ives got in, and came down and opened the window; we went in at it; then he bid us go round with him. The first things we saw were the pistols.

Q. What are you?

Barnes. I am a clockmaker by trade.

Q. How came you acquainted with Ives?

Barnes. I was in Wood-street compter when he was there before; there we got acquainted.

Ives. Barnes has been tried here before.

See No. 379, in last mayoralty.

Q. Did you agree together to go a robbing?

Barnes. We did; Ives, Gray, and I.

James Eaton. On Saturday, the 24th of March, about nine o'clock, our nurse came down stairs, and said, the wind blowed her candle out, and she supposed the windows were not shut down, for the wind came down stairs; she went up, and returned down again, and said to me, your room is broke open, and your cloaths taken away. I went to the public house, and alarmed the people, in order to stop the thieves, but they had made their escape; then we went up, and found the boxes broke open, and cloaths taken out. They left a turn-screw behind them. (Produced in court.)

Anne Brown . I fastened the window at which they came in, before it was dark that night, about seven o'clock. The house-keeper came and told me there was a great wind that blew out the candle; we went up stairs, and found the window open; and the things mentioned in the indictment were missing.

Mr. Kirby. I am the keeper of Wood-street compter. Ives came to the compter to see some prisoners there; I had an account from Sir John Fielding that he had done some robbery; I charged a constable with him, and took him to Sir John; there Ives imagined he might be admitted an evidence again; he there told all the houses he had broke open, and mentioned his confederates; this was in the evening. I went to see if we could find the goods. He said he lodged in Cross-lane, Newtoner's-lane; then he said, the goods he stole were in Gray's lodgings, in Shoemaker-row; we went there, and found Gray and Barnes, and three girls, all in bed together; and there we found these goods. (A large parcel of wearing apparel produced in court, and a pair of pistols, and a dark lanthorn; the goods deposed to were taken out of Mr. Rice's house, the property of the several owners.)

Ives's Defence.

There was nothing found upon me, is all I have to say.

Gray's Defence.

I own I was in the room where the goods were, but I never went out with them. I know nothing of taking them.

Both Guilty . Death .

There was another indictment against them for another burglary and robbery.

See Ives an evidence against Nokes and Brown, on three indictments, (No. 111, 112, 113, in last mayoralty.)

291, 292, 293. (M.) John Sherriden , John Bucannan , and Robert Aplin , were indicted for stealing seven fathom of rope, called a hauser. value 5 s. the property of Bearent Willer , April 3 . +

Bearent Willer. I am master of a ship , lying on the river Thames . On the 3d of April, about seven or eight fathoms of a hauser were stolen from on board my vessel: I know not who cut it off, or who took it away. My mate , that is, Bucannan, desired me to go before the justice, that I might swear to my cable; it was then in the possession of Edward Smith: as to Bucannan, I do think he is innocent: the hauser lay in another ship. that lay a long-side my ship. (Produced and deposed to.)

Edward Smith . On the 3d of April, Sherriden and Aplin brought this cable to my house; they had put it in my cellar: I desired to know whose property it was? they told me it belonged to one Mr. Bucannan, the mate of the Carolina: I insisted upon further satisfaction, or they should not go. Then they wrote a letter to this purpose;

"Sir, we are stopped at Mr. Smith's, with the hauser that we were to sell, and were to bring brooms and greens with: I desire you will come and clear us." I went myself on board the ship, to Mr. Bucannan, and he came on shore: I shewed him the hauser; he said. it does not belong to me: it belongs to such a captain, mentioning the prosecutor; he charged the two men, and they were sent to the watch-house. After that, one of them got the liberty to come to my house again; he then charged the mate with being concerned, in sending it by them, to sell it, and bring him the money; but the next morning, Mr. Bucannan was cleared by the officers.

Q. How came he to be brought here?

Smith. Mr. Bucannan did own to me he sent them on shore to sell it, and to buy brooms and greens, and bring him the money for the ship's use.

Sherriden's Defence.

I cannot tell who cut the hauser: the mate ordered me to carry it on shore, and to bring brooms and greens on board: he delivered it to me, on the forecastle of our ship.

Bucannan's Defence.

I never gave any such orders. I am chief mate of the vessel: my orders were to the boatswain and second mate, to sweep all the odd ends of rope together, and go on shore, and exchange them for brooms and greens.

Q. What do you call odd-ends of rope?

Bucannan. I mean short pieces, about a foot long. These two men cleared me before the justice: if I had a mind to have been a thief, I could have taken something worth my while.

Aplin's Defence.

I came on board that evening, and heard the mate say, he had liberty to sell junk, and such like.

For Bucannan.

Joseph Jenkins . I am a custom house officer: I was on board the Carolina, on the 3d of April: the two other prisoners went on shore, at the same time Mr. Bucannan was in his cabin, about nine o'clock.

Q. Where was you?

Jenkins. I was on the deck. Mr. Bucannan was snoring asleep: I said Mr. Bucannan drives his hogs to market. About an hour after this, I heard a noise, and saw Mr. Bucannan run with a candle in his hand, in his shirt and breeches; there was talk about a rope; he ran to see if it was his own new rope: this was after Mr. Smith came with the account of it.

Q. to Smith. Did Bucannan own he ordered them to take this great piece of cable?

Smith. He did say he ordered them to take this piece on shore.

Q. Did he say this piece of cable or junk?

Smith. He mentioned junk.

Q. Did he call this old junk?

Smith. He did.

Q. Can you swear he ordered them to carry this very piece on shore?

Smith. I cannot swear to this very piece.

Q. Cannot you tell whether he said carry that piece. or carry old junk?

Smith. I believe he said old junk.

John Some. I attended the ship, the Carolina: the mate was in the cabbin, snoaring asleep, when the rope was taken away. I am the waterman's apprentice, and moored our boat at the bow: I missed my boat, and went to look round, and found her with this rope lying part in her, and the end of it was not cut: Aplin cut it, as the other part was on board the ship, and the bit fell down into our boat: I jumped into the boat, and desired them to hawl it up: Sherriden was on the poop; it was chopped off partly, and then he cut it with a knife. I heard the custom-house officer say, that the mate was driving his hogs: when they had cut it, they carried it away. I rowed them on shore at St. Catharine's.

Sherriden and Aplin Guilty , T .

Bucannan, Acquitted .

294. (M.) Mary Langley , widow , was indicted for stealing two linen gowns, value 2 s. four linen aprons, value 1 s. four handkerchiefs, value 1 s. one wooden box, value 2 d. six caps, one silk bonnet, two pair of sleeves, one pair of cotton stockings, one pair of thread stockings, and one pair of worsted stockings , the property of Elizabeth Hudson , spinster , May 2 . +

Elizabeth Hudson . On Wednesday morning last, a little before 9 o'clock, I saw the prisoner come down stairs with a box; I did not know whose it was; I ran up, and missed mine, and the things mentioned. When I returned, she was out of sight.

Q. Where do you live?

Elizabeth Hudson . I lodge in Charles-street, Covent-garden . I looked about, and found a gown in Long acre; she had pawned that: then I took her up, and searched her lodgings, and found the rest of the things, all but a coloured apron and a pair of stockings, which the prisoner has on.

Robert Johnson . I am a pawnbroker, and live in Long-acre: the prisoner at the bar pledged this gown with me. (Produced and deposed to by the prosecutrix.)

The prisoner said nothing in her defence.

Guilty , T .

295. (M.) John Chambers was indicted for stealing a pair of silver-plated shoe-buckles, value 3 s. four gross of paste stones, value 40 s. one garnet drop for a necklace, value 3 s. the property of Richard Sherry , in the shop of the said Richard, privately , April 29 . +

Richard Sherry . I keep a shop in the Strand , in the jewelry way . The boy at the bar was a yearly servant to me: last Sunday morning, I wanted something in his room; I found in his coat pocket a pair of plated shoe-buckles, which he has owned to be mine, before the justice: I did not charge him till the Monday night: I thought he had only took them out to wear: he was searched by the constable: I was present, and saw a parcel of papers taken out of his pocket; there were four gross of paste stones; then he confessed taking a great many things, and owned he sold a garnet drop at a shop on Ludgate-hill.

Q. How long has he been with you?

Sherry. He has been with me about 3 months.

Robert Lockyer . I am the constable. I was sent for on the Monday night: I searched the prisoner, and found this parcel of paste stones in his pocket, (Producing a parcel.)

Prosecutor. These look like mine: I have a great many such; but the prisoner owned they were mine, and that he had taken them.

The prisoner said nothing in his defence.

Guilty of stealing, but not in the shop . T .

296. (M.) Mary Frances Perry was indicted for stealing one camblet gown, value 5 s. half a yard of camblet, a pair of stays, a stuff petticoat, two aprons, a flannel petticoat, a silk handkerchief, a silk and cotton handkerchief, a linen handkerchief, three linen caps, two silk ribbons, a pair of leather gloves, a pair of thread stockings, a pair of worsted stockings, a pair of leather shoes, a pair of stuff pockets, and a linen shift , the property of Rebecca Sidaway , February 28 . +

Rebecca Sidaway . I lost the things mentioned in the indictment, on a Tuesday; I cannot justly say the day (she mentions them by name): when I found the prisoner, she had my hat, cloke, shift, handkerchief, petticoat, shoes and stockings upon her; the stays and other things she owned she had sold or pawned, and told me where.

Q. Did you know the prisoner before?

R. Sidaway. I never saw her, till I went to lodge at a house where she lodged, in Westminster : she lay in the same bed with me, and she went away while I was asleep, and the things were missing at the same time.

James Haywood . I am a pawnbroker. (He produced a gown, apron, handkerchief, and cap): these were pledged to me by another woman, not the prisoner.

Prosecutrix. These are my property.

Anne Short . The prosecutrix came to me, and said, the prisoner had robbed her of all she had: I saw the prisoner afterwards, with the things on her back, which the prosecutrix mentions, and heard her acknowledge to taking the rest.

Prisoner's Defence.

I did pawn the things: I was in necessity, and had no money.

Guilty . T .

297. (L.) John Larey was indicted, for that he, on the king's highway, on David Ross did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and violently taking from his person one pair of silver shoe-buckles, value 10 s. a pair of leather shoes, value 2 s. one hat, covered with oil skin, value 2 s. one perriwig, value 5 s. and two guineas, the property of the said David , April 9 . *

David Ross . I was going home from the custom-house, rather better than half an hour after 11 o'clock at night, on the 9th of April: there came four or five men; one of them had a clasp knife: he took hold of me by my two arms, while the others took off my shoes from my feet: I felt a hand in my pocket; they took out two guineas and some silver, and then my hat and wig; they then knocked me down with my own stick. I went to the watch-house in that condition, and alarmed the watchmen; there was the prisoner and two others taken that night: I had a great suspicion of the other two; but as the knife was held to my throat, and I durst not move my head, I cannot sware to their faces: I can swear the prisoner is the man that held the knife to my throat.

Prisoner. This man came into the watch-house drunk, and said this man robbed him, then that man; and the next morning, he said the other two robbed him.

George Burasdale . I was the officer of the night: the prisoner was brought into the watch-house, with two others, and I had charge given of them by the prosecutor.

John Hall. I am a watchman. Mr. Ross's wife left the key with the beadle: he came to the watch-house bare-headed and footed, and said he had been robbed: the prisoner and two other men were taken coming out of an alehouse, with half a gallon of beer. Mr. Ross said the prisoner was the man that held the knife to his throat.

Q. In what condition was the prosecutor for liquor?

Hall. He was not drunk, but was in a flurry, and complained of the side of his face having been beat with a stick.

John Spicer . I heard Mr. Ross that night, charge the prisoner with being one of the men that robbed him.

Prisoner's Defence.

When they took me, I had the beer in my hand: they took me to the watch-house, and searched me: they found nothing but 3 d. upon me. He swore the next day he would hang me, if there was no other man living: his wife was as willing to swear as he, though she was not there.

For the Prisoner.

William Flin . The prisoner was in my company in my house: there were two men fell out: I was in my bed. I hearing a noise, got up to make peace between them: we went out, in order to call the watch: one of the men owed me a little money; then I thought it would be better to make it up, than call the watch. The prisoner eat his supper about 9 o'clock that night, in my house; he went out, and came in again about eleven: then directly we went out to call the watch; they told me it was about 10 minutes after eleven: we went for a gallon of beer, and I was taken up with the prisoner.

Christopher Henle y. The prisoner has been a lodger in the house where I do: I never saw any harm of him in all my days. That night, he eat his supper, and went out, and came in again about eleven: a man came in, and made some disturbance; it began about one asking what it was a clock; the other called him Son of a B - h, and would not tell him: we went out to call the watch.

Q. to Prosecutor. Was it light or dark?

Prosecutor. It was moon-light, and there was a lamp by my side. I am positive to the prisoner.

Guilty . Death .

298. (L.) Thomas Jackson was indicted for stealing two pair of worsted hose, value 4 s. the property of Moses Smith , March 10 . +

Guilty . T .

299. (L.) John Chamberlain was indicted for stealing four pounds and a quarter of starch, value 2 s. half a pound of stone blue, value 12 d. one pound of copperas, value 12 d. and one pound of red lead, value 2 s. 3 d. the property of Thomas Jaques , March 9 . +

Thomas Jaques . I live at the George-Inn, on Snow-hill . I lost a parcel that I took in, to go into the country, to Rickmansworth: it contained paint, and several things: it was taken away about the 8th or 9th of March. I was not at home at the time.

Francis Gibbs . I am a porter to the George-Inn. On the 9th of March, I had a waggon to unload at Blackwell-hall; coming back again, I met the boy belonging to the inn, in the cloysters. He asked me if I knew Chamberlain, the porter , which is the prisoner at the bar? he told me he had stole a parcel from out of the tap house, and he was come to look after him: we saw him come out of the hospital. I asked him where he was going with that parcel? he said he was sent with it. I desired him to go with me to the George, and he said he would come presently. I said he must go with me now, to Mr. Jaques: I took him back: this is the parcel he had got. It is directed for Mr. Matthew Barton , at Rickmansworth. (Produced in court.)

Edward Solace . I saw the prisoner at the bar take this parcel out of our house, the George, on Snow-hill; he went out into the yard; I went out after him, and asked where he was going? he said, what was that to me. I went back, to call the hostler, and he got away the while: then I went after him, and met Mr. Gibbs: we found the prisoner, and brought him back with it.

Mr. Jaques. The indictment was drawn up from the bill of parcels; for we did not know what goods they were, till that was opened. I am of opinion, this is the prisoner's first fault: he used to come often to our house: I gave him a dinner and two pots of beer, the day before.

Guilty, 10 d . W .

300. (M.) Thomas Bowles was indicted for stealing a saddle, value 10 s. a bridle, value 1 s. three horse cloths, value 3 s. the property of John Simpol ; and one cloth coat, value 5 s. the property of Robert Horne ; and one coat , the property of Michael Thompson , March 24 . +

Guilty . T .

301. (M.) Edmund Cuttler was indicted for stealing one leather pocket-book, value 6 d. in which were six bank notes; one for 40 l. two for 15 l. each, two for 20 l. each, and one for 10 l . the property of John Milward , February 14 . +

John Milward . On the 14th of February, I missed my pocket-book; I had no suspicion of the prisoner, till the 10th of March; he lived with me, and looked after a couple of horses.

Q. What are you?

Milward. I am a meal-man and corn-factor . I had no suspicion of the prisoner, till after I had paid the reward. I had advertised ten guineas reward; and after that, twenty: then Richard Britton came and brought the pocket-book to me, by whom I learned the prisoner at the bar had taken it: and after that, the prisoner, upon being examined, owned to me how he got it. At first, he said he found it in a tub, in the stable; but at last he owned he took it out of my house. I know I had it on the 13th of February, at night.

James Britton . The prisoner brought the pocket book to me, on the 23d of February, and told me he had found his master's pocket-book, in the Malt-house-yard, and thought he had a right to the reward; he asked me to take it to his master? I said I would not: then he asked me if I had any friend that would? I said I had a brother: we carried it to him, and he went with me.

Q. What are you?

J. Britton. I am a barber. We told him, we heard it was advertised 10 guineas reward, and if he would carry it, he should have all that was above half a guinea, and if not, he should have a guinea for his trouble.

John Tealing . On the 10th of March Mr. Milward heard of his pocket-book; he being very ill in his room, sent for me, and said, he believed he had found the thief that stole his pocket-book, and sent for the prisoner up. He said he found it on the 14th of February, about seven at night, in the malting yard. I said, I believe you tell a story; you could not find it there, for your master was with me that night till eight o'clock; you had better tell the truth. Then he cry'd, and said to his master, I went into the parlour to brush your great coat, and, by brushing it, the book fell out of the pocket. I said, Why did you not put it where it was before? to which he made no answer.

Q. to Prosecutor. Did you hear this his confession?

Prosecutor. I was very ill, and did not give attention, as there were other people in the room.

Richard Britton . I brought the pocket-book to the Talbot-Inn, according to the advertisement.

Q. Who did you receive it of?

Britton. I received it of the prisoner at the bar. (The book produced.) This is the book. I looked in it the next morning; there were six bank notes in it, to the value of 120 l.

Q. to Prosecutor. What notes were there in this book when you lost it?

Prosecutor. There were one note of 40 l. two of 20 l. two of 15 l. and one of 10 l.

Prisoner's Defence:

I found the book in a tub.

Guilty . T .

302. (M.) Elizabeth, wife of David Fowler , was indicted for receiving a feather-bed, value 40 s. the property of Alexander Logan , well knowing it to have been stolen by George Taylor . ++

The record of the conviction of George Taylor read in in court; wherein it appeared, that he was tried and convicted last sessions for stealing a large quantity of goods (this feather-bed being part of the same, the property of Alexander Logan ), and found guilty, and received sentence of transportation.

See No. 191. in last sessions paper.

Alexander Logan . I found my bed in Taylor's house, when I went with a search warrant: the prisoner is his wife's sister: she was in his house at the same time: this was about four days after they were taken away, which was on the 24th or 25th of January. When I found it, I could not take it away, because the constable was called away; and when I went for it three days after, I could not get in. At last, I found it at William Snowsell 's, a broker, in Catharine-wheel-alley.

Edward Quintell . I was the officer that went with the search-warrant to Taylor's house, for Logan's goods: I saw the bed there, which he said was his property: the justices sent for me, so that I had not an opportunity to take that away: we went and left that there. I went again about 3 days after, and another time after that, but could not get in. After that, the bed was found in Catharine-wheel-alley: the broker said he bought it of Mr. Taylor's sister, for 12 s.

William Snowsell . I live in Catharine-wheel-alley. I agreed with the prisoner at the bar for the bed, and paid her 12 s. for it. Logan and the constable have seen it since. Logan swore to it, as his property.

Prisoner's Defence.

I sold it by order of Mr. Taylor and his wife, and I gave the money to his wife, my sister.

Q. to Prosecutor. Did the prisoner hear you claim that bed, as your property?

Prosecutor. She did, when I first went and found it: we locked the door when we were in, and she and Taylor's wife came in at the window, and went up and down the house with us.

For the Prisoner.

Mary Taylor . I am wife to George Taylor . I was at home, when Logan came and executed the search-warrant, when he claimed his bed: my sister was not with me at that time; she never sold any thing but this bed. I made away with the rest of the goods, to maintain my husband.

Guilty . T. 14 .

303. (M.) George Knight was indicted, for that he, on Thomas Lawson , on the king's highway, did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and taking from his person one silver stock-buckle, value 18 d. one linen stock, value 3 d. and a pair of metal shoe-buckles, value one penny, the property of the said Thomas, and against his will , March 12 . *

Thomas Lawson . I was in Holborn very late. Going towards Drury-lane, I asked a young woman the way: she brought me to a gateway: it was dark. I said, you are going out of the way: the prisoner came over the way, and demanded my money: he took my silver stock-buckle and stock; then he put his hand in my pocket, and took out a watch key, which I had found: he then demanded my watch? I said I had never a one: then he swore he would knock me down: he knocked me down, and swore and d - d his eyes, he would cut my throat, if I made any noise: he took from me a halfpenny, of the coin of the Isle of man: he ran away, and I got up and pursued him, and got hold of him: he got my hat, which he would then have delivered to me again, but I would not take it.

Prisoner. We were both in liquor, and we happened to quarrel: we were drinking together: I lost my hat and wig, and he lost his hat.

Lawson. I never saw him in my life, before he came and demanded my money.

Prisoner. Before Justice Welch, he said he knocked me down a dozen times.

Lawson. It was about twelve when this first began and it lasted till one, till the watchman came.

Q. When did he take your hat?

Lawson. He took that after he knocked me down: I really thought he would have murdered me: the things mentioned in the indictment were found upon him.

William Poney . I was constable of the night: my watchman said there was fighting; he went to assist, and brought the prisoner to me to the watch-house. I asked the young man what the prisoner had done? he said the prisoner had robbed him of a stock buckle, a pocket-piece, a stock, and a watch-key: I ordered him to be searched, and they were found in his pockets: he begged for pardon and mercy.

Matthias Chambers . I was going to Billinsgate, to buy fish: the quarrel was right under my window: this hat I found in the street (producing one). A little lower down, a man picked up a knife: I came home about 8 o'clock, and my landlady informed me a man had been robbed there, I carried the hat to the round-house, and the prosecutor said it was his hat.

Prisoner's Defence.

I have no defence to make at all, than that we we were both in liquor, and a quarrel ensued: he knocked me down six times.

Guilty . Death .

304. (L.) Sarah, wife of John McCabe , was indicted (together with Jane Bailey , not taken) for stealing one gold ring, set with diamonds, value 12 l. the property of John Cowell , privately, in the shop of the said John , November 18 . ++

John Cowell I am a watchmaker and jeweller , and live at the Royal Exchange ; I believe the the prisoner to be the person that was in my shop, on Saturday, the 18th of September, 1762, in company with Mary O-Neal : they asked the price of a wax-bead necklace: I turned myself round to beckon Mrs. Cowell, and in the mean time, I suppose, the cluster diamond ring was taken. I missed it in about an hour and a half after they were gone, from out of a show-glass, in the window. When the bill was going to be found, Mrs. O-Neal told me, she believed she could help me to the middle stone, if I would not say any thing about it: that was last Wednesday. One was a lusty woman, like the prisoner *

Q. If you had not been told of the prisoner, should you have been able to fix on the prisoner?

Cowell. No, I should not.

Mary O-Neal The prisoner at the bar and I went to Mr. Cowell's shop on a Saturday: I believe it is going on two years ago: it was in the year 1762. she went in, and I followed her. Mr. Cowell sent for his wife: I stood looking at Mr. Cowell, and did not see the prisoner take the ring: at night, she gave me a ring, and desired me to sell it for her. I asked her, what I should get for it? she bid me get as much as I could. I sent for a man on the Sunday night, that I thought would buy it, are showed it him: he asked me if it was a diamond ring? I told him she told me it was: he said, if I would trust him with the ring, he would go and shew it to a judge. I said, I could not do that: she took the ring of me, on the Monday night; and on the Tuesday, she sent it to me, by one of the women mentioned in the indictment, desiring me to sell it for her. I sent for the man, and he gave me nine guineas for it; I went up to the prisoner's house, and laid it on the table, and I believe Mrs. M'Cabe, and the other woman, took the money up to themselves; and the day after the installation at Windsor, the man came to my house, and said he had sold it to a Jew, and the middle stone was a false one. I sent one of my children to know if it was good; and word was brought, the stone in the middle was a false stone; but the stones round it, were brilliants. I went to Mrs. M'Cabe, and desired the money again; three guineas were allowed for the middle stone being bad, and he gave six guineas for the ring; that is, I allowed that, without having any recompence for it, as I had delivered the money to her.

Q. Did you observe any rings in Mr. Cowell's shop?

O-Neal. No. I did not; I was looking at Mr. Cowell, at work.

Q. to Prosecutor. Was the stone in the middle a true one?

Prosecutor. It was; it was a diamond.

Q. to O Neal. Was you taken up?

O-Neal. No, I was not.

Q. Where do you live?

O-Neal. I live in Fetter-lane, in Blewett's buildings, and was a house-keeper, till about Christmas last.

Q. Upon your oath, is this all you know of the affair?

O-Neal. Upon my oath, it is.

Q. Where is the man you sold it to?

O-Neal. He is gone abroad.

Q. How came you to be a witness?

O-Neal. Sir John Fielding knowing I kept company with the prisoner, took me up; but I was under no recognizance when I gave an account of this ring.

Q. What authority had you to tell the prosecutor you could get him the middle stone again?

O Neal. I then thought I could; but I could not.

Acquitted .

There was another indictment against her for stealing some minionet lace, the property of Philip Scriven ; but that not being laid capital, and she having been cast at Hicks's-Hall, the day before, for transportation, it was needless to try her again.

See O-Neal tried, in company with Anne Clarke , a lusty woman *, for stealing a diamond ring, No. 298, 299, in the mayoralty of Sir Crisp Gascoyne, Knt.

305. (L.) Benjamin Paul was indicted for stealing one fustian frock, value 1 s. the property of James Rutlidge , April 25 . ++

James Rutlidge . I was at work at the company's wharf, at Puddle-dock , and had laid my frock down on the Capshead; and when I came to put it on, it was missing; the next morning, I was informed the prisoner was seen to go over the pales; I took him up, and he confessed he had taken it, and sold it in Field-lane, where I found it.

Richard Blower , the constable, deposed to that of the prisoner's confession, and finding the frock accordingly.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was pretty much in liquor.

Guilty 10 d. T .

306. (L.) Henry Horner was indicted for stealing two warming pans, value 10 s. the property of Richard Woolley , March 31 . ++

Richard Woolley . I am a warming-pan maker , and live in Crooked-lane : the warming-pans are my property is all I know: I was not at home when they were taken.

Henry Simmons . I am constable, and live in Duke's-place. On a Saturday night, about a month ago, the prisoner came into my house, through my back door; he brought these two warming-pans, and asked me to buy them: he asked me 8 s. for them: he said he was the maker. I suspected he did not come honestly by them; and said, if he could bring any sufficient housekeeper that could prove them to be his, he should have them again. I shewed them to two gentlemen, who directed me to the prosecutor: I went, and he owned the pans.

Prosecutor. I have employed the prisoner 20 years, he is the maker: (Produced and deposed to) I never knew he made any for himself since he worked for me: I never knew he was guilty of robbing me before, or any body else.

Prisoner's Defence.

About two days before this, a gentleman asked me the price of two pans; I sold them, and carried my mistress the money; master was not at home. I had two pans bespoke; I went home, and told the boy I wanted two pans to shew a man; I carried them to the place appointed, but he did not come. As I was going home, the Jews accosted me, and asked me, if I had any things to sell: I said, no: they said, perhaps I might want money: upon that, I shewed them the pans, and asked them six shillings a-piece: then they sent me to the constable, and he stopped me.

Prosecutor. He has behaved very well, except in getting fuddled sometimes.

Acquitted .

307. (L.) Patrick Donnelly was indicted for stealing three handkerchiefs, value 12 d. the property of persons unknown, March 4 . ++

Joshua Mun . The prisoner and I were concerned in stealing of handkerchiefs together; I was detected in stealing the fourth. My master came and gave me a pretty good character, and said, if I would be a good boy, and discover who were concerned with me, he would take me again; so I made a discovery. We stole them near St. Dunstan's church . I never was concerned but that night.

Q. How long had you been learning?

Man. I never had no learning; only keeping bad company, and seeing others do it. I live in St. Martin's Le-Grand .

Acquitted .

308. (M.) John Fairbrother was indicted for stealing three silver watches, value 3 l. ten gold rings, value 3 l. and three pair of silver buckles. value 30 s , the property of Thomas Ellis , February 28 . *

Thomas Ellis . On the 28th of February, between twelve and one, I saw the prisoner standing up in a chair, reaching over a grate into my window: I said, Hey, hey! what are you about? then he stept out of the chair, opened the door, and away he ran. I concluded he had robbed me. I pursued, crying, Stop thief; in his flight he threw away two pair of silver buckles; and, in about 120 yards running, he was stopped by two men at the end of Chamber's-street; they brought him back to a public house near my shop. I went to see what I had lost from the window; then I went to the prisoner, and demanded my watches; he gave me two: I said, here is not all; you have another: then he pulled out the third, and gave it me: then I said, Where are my rings? after some little while, he gave me them: said I, let me have all: then he took out the other pair of buckles, and said, that was all; and held up his hands, and cried for mercy.

- Steward. I was coming along: this gentleman cried, Stop thief: I stopped the prisoner, and brought him back to the alehouse: after that, the prosecutor came and asked him for his things, and he gave him them; the same things as the prosecutor has mentioned.

Prisoner's Defence.

I beg for mercy.

Guilty . Death ,

309. (L.) John Dixon was indicted for returning from transportation, before the expiration of his time . ++

The record of his trial and conviction was read in court, setting forth that he was tried in October sessions, 1762, at the court in the Old Bailey, for stealing seven shirts, a handkerchief, and a pair of leather breeches; for which he was found guilty, and received sentence of transportation. (See No. 293, in Sir Samuel Fludyer 's mayoralty.)

John Parker . I know the prisoner well, he was tried here in Sir Samuel Fludyer's mayoralty, for stealing seven shirts, a handkerchief, and a pair of breeches, the property of Mr. Malcolm Hamilton : it is about a year and a half ago. My wife unfortunately bought some of the shirts. He was cast, and received sentence of transportation. I was a witness on the trial, and was present when he received sentence. A neighbour of mine told me he was come back again.

Q. from prisoner. Whether that evidence is not acquainted with the thief-takers, that would swear my life away.

Parker. I know none of them.

George Watson . On Easter Tuesday I took the prisoner up, in Little Bell-alley, Coleman-street: there was a cry of stop thief: he was running along, and I took him there.

Robert Ride . I saw the prisoner go into a house in Little Bell-alley, and bring a bundle out, on Easter Tuesday: I did not know then he had stole them: he came by me.

Q. from prisoner to Parker. Whether you did not say you would be revenged on me, because we had a few words once?

Parker. I never saw him till I saw him in Newgate since he was transported: I had not troubled myself with him, had he not threatened me, and I looked upon myself in danger.

Guilty . Death .

310. (L.) John Pain was indicted for stealing a parchment pocket-book, value 6 d. the property of William Perkins , April 17 . ++

William Perkins . I was going along at the top of Fleet-market , as hard as I could; the prisoner rushed by me, and took my book out of my pocket; and another man here said, he saw him give it to a sailor. I saw him pull his hand from my pocket. Before I went to Sir John Fielding he called me aside, and said, he would tell me where the man was that had got the book: that, if I went to the Black Horse, at St. Giles's, I should find the man: Sir John sent there, but no such man could be found.

Cornelius Chapman . On Tuesday, the 17th of April, about nine in the evening, going by the Fleet-market, the prisoner and a sailor pushed by me in a very odd manner; they went on before me: this gentleman and a young woman were walking together: I saw the prisoner go up to the side of him, and bring something from his side; what it was I cannot say: I saw him give it to the man in sailor's cloaths: the sailor made off with it. Mr. Perkins took hold of the prisoner, and said, you have picked my pocket: he said, me pick your pocket; no, by G -, I am as honest as yourself, and can bring persons to prove it. He desired to be searched.

Q. to Prosecutor. When had you your pocketbook last?

Prosecutor. I am quite certain I had it in my pocket not a moment before.

Prisoner's Defence.

It is all malice: I am innocent of the affair.

For the prisoner.

Whittington Dumain. I have known him about nine years: he is a very honest worthy man: he served his Majesty all the last war.

William Moody . I have known him ten years: I never heard any thing amiss of his character.

Guilty . T .

311. (L.) Mary Davis , spinster , (together with two others, not yet taken) was indicted for stealing seventy thirty-six shilling pieces, value 126 l. 9 s. and a canvass bag, value 1 d. the property of John Morrison , April 25 . ++

John Morrison . On the 25th of last month I was going up Fleet-street, about half an hour after eight in the evening: I was inquiring my way to my lodgings at Temple-bar.

Q. What are you?

Morrison. I am an armourer , just come from Antigua. I met with the prisoner and another woman; they told me they would shew me the nearest way: they took me to their lodging, a private room, in Ashen-tree court , where I sent out for some supper and liquor: I shewed them my money, seventy 36 s. pieces, and about 9 s. in silver. I went to sleep. The prisoner was the last woman I saw when I went to bed: and a little before five in the morning, she burst the door open: I awaked, and saw her come flying into the room: she inquired of me where was the other woman that was at supper with me last night: I said, I did not know: she said, have you got your money, Sir? I felt in my breeches, and my money was gone: no, said I: she ran crying out at the door, making a noise. In about a minute and a half in came Woodward Harlow; he asked me the same questions, and away he ran: he did not stay above half a minute in the room: then the constable came in, and said, I hear you have lost some money in this house: yes, Sir, said I: he said, come along with me, I'll secure this woman till you can find the rest. I dressed myself, and went along with him to the Mansion-house before the alderman. The prisoner confessed she saw the money before I went to sleep, but denied that she took it.

Q. Did you ever find it.

Morrison. No, never.

Q. Did either of the women go to bed with you?

Morrison. No, neither of them did.

John Knapton . I am constable. I was on my watch: there came a parcel of people to me, and desired I would come directly, saying, a man was robbed of an hundred pounds: I went: the prosecutor charged the prisoner with stealing the money from out of his breeches under his bed. I searched the prisoner, and found four shillings and two-pence half-penny. She told me, as we were going before the alderman, the first good booty they got, they designed to set out for Bristol.

Q. Who did she mean by they?

Knapton. That is, she and Mary Powlin , the other girl, not taken: she said, they had agreed upon that. She said she saw the money before the alderman: she denied having taken it. I have had her sixteen or seventeen times in custody.

Prisoner's Defence.

The other girl picked up this man, and carried him home to this room. I had a bad leg, and could not go out. The man sent for five or six quarterns of rum; after that, he sent out for some goose; she brought him some up: after that, he gave her four shillings to go to bed with him: I locked the door, and put the key under it: this was about a quarter before twelve: I went out, and returned about a quarter before five: the door was open, and he awake in bed: he said he was robbed of all but a shilling and some halfpence: after that, the gentleman came and took me to the compter, and took four shillings and two-pence halfpenny from me.

Q. to Prosecutor. Had you any women in bed with you?

Prosecutor. I cannot recollect I had any.

For the Prisoner.

John Croaker . I live in Ashen-tree court: I have two rooms there. The prisoner was coming home from an Irish Wake, in George-alley: said she, there is a woman in the room with the gentleman; he has so much money about him, and if it is lost, I may be hanged instead of her. I went into the room; there lay his watch in the chair: said she, did I rob you? he said, No: this was a quarter after five.

Margaret Bartley . I live under the place where the robbery was committed, in the same house. All I know, the poor creature, the prisoner, went out about 12 o'clock, and came in about a quarter after five. I was awake, almost all the time: she clapped her hands, and said, she was undone; the man had lost his money, and she should come into trouble: she said, she had been at an Irish wake, in George alley.

Acquitted .

312. (L.) John Pike was indicted for stealing three quartern loaves of wheaten bread, value 18 d. the property of Francis Beck , March 24 . ++

Francis Beck . My man lost three quartern loaves of bread out of his basket, the 24th of March. I did not see the prisoner till he was in the compter. I fetched the bread from Blossom's Inn; it was left there in the custody of the people of the inn, they were my property.

Peter Revingstone . I am servant to Mr. Beck. On the 24th of March I pitched my basket at the corner of Honey-lane market , while I went to serve a customer, in Bread-street, with a quartern loaf; when I returned, I was told a sailor-like man had taken two or three loaves, and if I ran fast through the market, I might find him: I made the best of my way, but could see nothing of him. About a quarter of an hour after I saw the prisoner coming up Cheapside; he turned round Bow-lane; I pitched my basket, and went round by the church, and took him. I thought by his making off, and the description I had had, he was the man. I charged him with taking the loaves: he at first denied it: after that he took me aside, and owned he had taken three loaves: he confessed the same before the magistrate, in my hearing.

Mr. Beck. The prisoner told me before Mr. Kirby, in the compter, that he had left the bread in Blossom's Inn, where we went and found it: they were left to be called for at night.

Prisoner's Defence.

I stopped to make water, at the corner of Bow-lane; he came, and stopped me at the church, and said, I had taken the bread out of his basket: I said, I knew nothing of the matter: after that he said, come along with me, I will make it up with you: he took me to an alehouse and asked me to drink: I said, I want none of your beer. he sent for a constable and charged me. I know nothing of the bread.

For the Prisoner.

George Chesham . I have known the prisoner about 17 years; he is a baker by trade; but he has been on board a man of war all his life-time almost. I never heard any thing dishonest by him.

William Swell . I have known him between five and six years; he always behaved well till this affair.

Elizabeth Marry . I have known him going on ten years; I never heard any thing dishonest of him till now.

Elizabeth Swell . I have known him ever since I can remember; he always behaved well before this unhappy affair.

Thomas Jenkinson . I have known him about five years; I never heard of any dishonesty of him before this.

Sarah Blackleach . I have known him upwards of eight years; I never heard any thing amiss of him before. He has a wife and child almost starving:

Guilty 10 d . W .

313. (L.) John Rowland was indicted for stealing a linen handkerchief, value 6 d. the property of William Barrwick , May 2 .

William Barrwick . On Wednesday evening last, about nine o'clock, I was in the Poultry , almost opposite the Compter. I felt somebody at my pocket, but did not mind it: my wife was behind me: she said, Barrwick, you have lost your handkerchief, and there is the thief: I went to lay hold of him, he ran away: I cried, stop thief: he was stopped: it was the prisoner at the bar. The next evidence can give a farther account.

Thomas Davis . I was going through the Poultry at that time: I heard the cry of, Stop thief, on the other side of the way, and saw a croud of people: I went over, and saw the prisoner in the middle of them: I observed him pull off his coat, and at the same time, a man stooped and took up a handkerchief, which the prosecutor said was his property.

Prosecutor. The prisoner had hold of the handkerchief, and he gave it me again, as soon as I came up. He was taken to Guild-Hall: there they knew him; he had been there before.

Sarah Barrwick . I am wife to the prosecutor. We had been to Westminster: coming along the Poultry, the prisoner was several times behind me, he trod my shoe down behind: my husband pulled out his handkerchief with his left hand, and wiped his face; when he had put it in his pocket, the prisoner came on his left-hand side; he putted my husband's handkerchief; I saw him do it. I said, Barrwick, you have lost your handkerchief, and that is the person that has got it: my husband catched at the prisoner: he ran cross the Poultry, and was soon stopped.

Prisoner's Defence.

I happened to be running by the gentleman; he lost his handkerchief, and challenged me with it; I have been in his Majesty's service eight years: I was going home to the Tower.

For the Prisoner.

Thomas Skinner . I belong to the Earl of Rothes's regiment, the third regiment of guards; the prisoner has been in our company better than six years. I never heard any thing amiss of him: he is a good soldier .

Guilty . T .

314. (L.) Elizabeth, wife of John Dunn , otherwise Buck , was indicted for uttering a counterfeit six-pence, knowing it to be false and a counterfeit . ++

Martha Richards . I keep the horse-shoe and magpye in Cheapside. I have known the prisoner four years: the first time I saw her, she came in the morning, and called for a pennyworth of beer: she brought me a six-pence that was not a good one; from thence I had a foundation of suspicion of her: the last time I saw her, was the Tuesday before last sessions; she always called for a pennyworth of beer, and gave a bad six-pence. I have taken several, but the last she gave my servant, and he brought it to me; his name is Thomas Tugwell . I asked him who he had it of? and went with him to the prisoner, and asked her if it was her six-pence? she said it was: I said it was not a six-pence; she wanted it again, but I would not give it her; then she gave me a penny; (Produced and inspected by the bench and the jury: it appeared to be high tempered pewter.) Mr. Ribright was at my house; and he took it, and nailed it up at the door. I then let her go: the very next Tuesday she came again.

Prisoner. I never saw the woman in all my days: I never was in her house in all my life.

Thomas Tugwell . I have lived servant with Mr. Richards three quarters of a year. The prisoner came to our house, and called for a pennyworth of beer; she sat down on the bench: before she drank it, she gave me a sixpence, and said, young man, go and get change. I went with it to my mistress, she looked at it, and said, Tom, where did you get this six-pence? I told her I had it of the prisoner; and my mistress went to her.

Q. Are you sure the prisoner is the woman you had the six-pence of?

Tugwell. I am positive she is the woman,

Mr. Sayer. I have a six-pence here that the prisoner gave me into my own hand, on a Thursday, about three months ago. I keep the Excise Coffee-house, and sell beer, as well as coffee and tea. She came in, and called for a pennyworth of beer, and sat down in a box in the room; I was then warming some wine, to go to the excise-office; I had taken notice of her before, and said, take notice that woman does not give you bad money: I did not go with the wine, but went to her, and said, Mrs. have you paid? she gave me this sixpence; (producing a pewter one); she pulled out three more at the same time, that were all good. (The jury inspect the six-pence; it appeared the same as the other).

Prisoner's Defence.

I went into that house, and called for a pennyworth of beer; I gave the boy a six-pence: the boy staid six or seven minutes from me, and his master came; he said, it was a bad six-pence, and he would take me up; he was near half an hour: he would not give me change till his wife came; then I gave her another six-pence. He said to me, you are the person that has come several times, and brought bad sixpences here; and before God, I never was in that house in my life before. He brought a constable, and seized me. I had four sixpences in my pocket, and did not know it was a bad one.

Sayer. She gave it to me, and not to the boy; I always took notice, that when this woman came to my house, I always found bad money in my till: she has been in my house. I dare say, a score of times. She never would tell where she lived, or where she got her bread.

Richards. It was the Tuesday before that she offered me this

Guilty . Im .

[Provide sureties for good behaviour. See summary.]

315. (L.) Thomas Burnet was indicted for stealing three bills of exchange, amounting to 201 l. 8 s. being due and unsatisfied for, and one leather pocket-book, value 12 d. the property of Henry Colyer , privately from his person , March 14 . ++

Mr. John Greenough . On the 14th of March, I delivered to Henry Colyer , my late servant, who did business for me, three bills of exchange, which amounted to 201 l. 8 s. one for 101 l. 8 s. drawn by John Hurst and Co. on Brothers Henselman, payable to myself, dated March 2: the other drawn by James Scott , for 50 l. each, upon Samuel Robottom , payable to Robert Bradley , and indorsed to me by Bradley.

Henry Colyer . I received these three bills of Mr. Greenough, on the 14th of March last: I put them in my pocket book, and was sent for immediately to Guild-hall : I had not been in the hall above four or five minutes, before I missed my pocket-book out of my left hand coat pocket, when I was in the room where licences are granted: they were the property of Mr. Greenough. I immediately went and told Mr. Greenough my misfortune: he ordered me to go immediately and stop payment, which I did: I advertised them a guinea reward, and about the 3d or 4th of April, the 50 l. was found at the Blue Anchor in Little Britain, and brought to Mr. Greenough; for which I paid 5 s. 3 d. being in proportion for that. We never heard any more of it, till the 101 l. 8 s. was presented to Messrs. Henselman, on Wednesday last; this is all I know.

William Steward . I received that draught for 101 l. 8 s. to keep for the prisoner, on the 4th of April last; he left it with me himself: I had lent him about five guineas before, and he left it as security for the money. About a fortnight after that, he came and told me he had been about a week in place, and was discharged, and wanted a little money, if I could supply him: I let him have a 5 s. and 3 d. Said he, if you have a mind to pay this draught away, I'll indorse it to you? he indorsed it, when it became payable, I sent it for the cash, last Wednesday; then I found it had been stolen, and I immediately secured the prisoner. This is the same bill. (produced in court.)

Greenough. This is one of the three that I delivered to Mr. Colyer. The prisoner lodged at the Blue Anchor in Little-Britain.

William Grayham . On sunday evening, the first of April, I called in at the Blue Anchor, at Little-Britain. The woman of the house enquired of me if I had lost a bill of exchange, saying, her daughter had found one wrapped up in a piece of dirty paper: I looked at it, and said, it was the property of John Greenough , the younger, that keeps the Castle-Inn, in Wood-street: he told me that, with two others, were picked out of a person's pocket at Guildhall, that did business for him, and it had been advertised, and he gave me 5 s. 3 d. which was in proportion for the sum: this is the bill, producing a 50 l. bill.

Greenough. This bill is my property, and one of the three that I delivered to Mr. Colyer.

Elizabeth Benson . I live at the Blue anchor, in Little-Britain. The prisoner lodged at my house between four and five months; he was recommended by two gentlemen of Scotland. My daughter picked up this bill on the first of April, by the fire side. I saw the name Scot upon it, and having one of that name that lodged in my house, I shewed it to him: he said it was not his, and bid me take particular care of it; saying, it was a 50 l. note, and payable in a little time. I went and asked the people in the parlour if any of them had lost a note: I was answered, No. I shewed it to Mr. Grayham, and desired he would make inquiry about it.

Q. Did you see any thing of a pocket book, or any other book, upon the prisoner?

Elizabeth Benson . No, I never did.

Sarah Benson . I am 13 years of age. I found a paper by the fire side on the first of April, in the kitchen; it was folded up with four corners to it: I knew nothing who dropped it: my mamma asked me about it; I told her where I found it. (The two bills read in court, and answered to the indictment.)

Prisoner's Defence.

I found this note of 101 l. 8 s. on a Monday, a month ago next Monday, in an open letter that was not sealed; two boys were looking at it; they gave it me: it had been very much wore in the pocket: I threw the letter away, and kept the note in my pocket: it was advertised on the Wednesday. I owed Mr. Steward some money, and said, if he would take the note, I would pay him what I owed him: he asked me how I came by it? I said, it is no matter. I went to him after that, and wanted more money, and I took and indorsed it to him. I declare I never saw no note but that. It never was advertised after I found it.

Guilty of stealing, but not from the person . T .

316. (L.) John Bourn was indicted for stealing a paper snuff-box, value 2 s. the property of William Stanicks , privately from his person . May 3 . ++

William Stanicks . Last Thursday, coming from Christ-church , there was a crowd of people: I was getting out of the crowd: two gentlemen came, and told me, I had lost my box: I felt in my pocket, and found it was gone: they said, there is the man, pointing to the prisoner, and they held up the box to me: I said it was my box: we took him to the compter: he said one of his companions gave it him, and that there were four or five of them.

Thomas Rilands . I was going home to dinner on Thursday: going through the hospital, Mr. Steward was with me: we stood up to let the children of the hospital pass: I saw the prisoner, and two men more, by the prosecutor: I said to Steward, let's see this sun, they are going to pick the gentlemen's pockets: we followed them: before we came from under the gate-way, I saw the prisoner's hand in the prosecutor's left-hand pocket: as soon as he took his hand out, I said, you have picked the gentleman's pocket: I clapped hold of his hand: he had got the snuff-box partly into his pocket: I said to Steward, take care of him: I went and told the prosecutor of it: he found he had lost his box. (A paper box produced, deposed to by prosecutor.) After he was taken, the mob were for ducking him *. When we got to the compter, he gave the names of several of his confederates: he mentioned one by the name of Doctor, and said, he was to be found on Saffron-hill, at the Globe.

* It is the contrivance of the confederates to propose ducking the thief, by which means they sometimes prevent their being brought to justice.

John Steward gave the same account, be being with the last evidence at the time of apprehending the prisoner.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was at the taking the Havannah; I never was brought before the face of any magistrate before. I was going to sea again. I had 14 s. for taking the Havannah, on the Easter Monday. The box was given me into my hand. I would have nothing to do with it, I threw it down.

Guilty 10 d . T .

317. (L.) Alice Palmer was indicted for obtaining divers goods, shirts, sheets, pillow cases, and other things, the property of Henry Hall , by false pretences, with intent to defraud , March 18 . ++

Elizabeth Scofield . I am servant to Mr. Hall, in Moorfields. On the 18th of March the prisoner came, and said, she came from Mrs. Ellard for the linen to wash: I not knowing the washerwoman, went up to my mistress; she bad me ask her if she was Mrs. Ellard: I went down, and desired her to go up stairs: she did, and told my mistress, Mrs. Ellard was very bad, with a pain in her limbs, and was sick in bed: upon that, I delivered the linen to her; my mistress wrote down what they were: there were shirts, shifts, a dimity petticoat, table-cloths, aprons, towels, pillow-cases. Presently after she was gone, Mrs. Ellard came for the linen: we told her we had delivered it to a woman that she sent: she said, she had sent nobody. My master advertised her, and she was taken up on the Sunday after; this was on the Monday: then she made a confession, that she had sold or pawned the things, at Mr. Marchant's and Mr. Jones's: they were found again.

Hannah Ellard . The prisoner once lived with me, but has been out of my service seven months. Upon the 18th of March I was about my business; I was not ill a-bed, but in good health.

Q. Did you send the prisoner to Mr. Hall's for linen on that day?

Hannah Ellard . No, I did not.

Q. Did you bid her tell any of the family you had a pain in your limbs?

Hannah Ellard . No, I did not. I was at Mr. Hall's after she had got the things. The things were found again: (produced in court) these all belong to Mr. Hall; I know them well.

Mr. Hall. The prisoner acknowledged the taking all the things, and told us where she had sold and pawned them, and gave a particular account of every article mentioned in the indictment: some were at Mr. Martin's, a pawnbroker, in Hownsditch, and seven shirts sold to Mrs. Jones, in the Minories, where we found them.

George Martin . The prisoner, at two different times, pledged a shirt, a sheet, two table-cloths, three childrens frocks, and a jack towel, with me, which are part of the goods here produced.

Elizabeth Jones . I keep a cloaths shop in the Minories. I bought seven shirts, a sheet, a napkin, and a pair of pillow-cases, of the prisoner at the bar, about a month ago.

Prisoner's Defence.

One Davis, that worked with Mrs. Ellard, persuaded me to do it some time ago.

Thomas Short , who had known her 14 years, John Gill , almost 3, Robert Batcheldor , about 8, James Couch , 10, Richard Ball , 5. and Barbara Hine , from a baby, all gave her a good character.

Guilty . T .

318. (L.) Joseph Hopp was indicted for stealing three shirts, value 2 s. two sheets, value 4 s. one linen apron, value 1 s. and one towel, the property of Edward Jackson , privately from the person of Mary Jackson , February 29 . ++

Edward Jackson . I am a man's mercer . On the 29th of February last, a young woman, Mary Jackson , was at my house; I sent her with a bundle of linen, containing three shirts, one check apron, one coarse towel, two new sheets, and one coarse handkerchief, which they were tied in, to carry to Fleet-street: she came the next day, and informed me she had been robbed of them in Fleet street , and that the person suspected was in custody.

Mary Jackson . I am niece to Mr. Jackson. I received a bundle of linen of Mr. Jackson, in Gracechurch-street, to carry to Fleetstreet, a door on this side the Horn-tavern: I carried it upon my head, and had let it go, to read the direction, and it was taken off my head in a moment: I was frightened, as my aunt told me not to carry it on my head, for fear of being robbed: I cried out, Stop thief, and a man took him, and gave me the bundle.

Richard Greenhill . On the 29th of February, between the hours of eight and nine at night, I was coming up Fleet street: near Water-lane, I heard the cry of, Stop thief, and saw the prisoner running first: taking him to be the thief, I caught hold of him; he endeavoured to get from me, and it being slippery weather, he pulled me down on my knee: I recovered myself, seized him again, and saw him drop the bundle: I saw it under his arm, before Mr. Bracket pickt it up: we took him to the Three Tuns, a publick-house; the girl was crying and screaming; she came in, and owned the bundle.

John Hanwell . I am a constable. I had this bundle of the young woman's, at the Three Tuns.

Robert Bracket . I was going home from work, along Fleet-street: I saw the prisoner run with the bundle, I believe under his left arm; he swang his hand to strike me, but Greenhill seized him: he dropped the bundle, and I took it up. The young woman said it was her's; I gave it her: I did not see them opened, but they are tied up in the same handkerchief now, as they were then.

Robert Davis . On the 29th of February, I was coming up Fleet-street: I saw a man snatch a bundle from Mary Jackson 's head: she immediately cried Stop thief; I saw the bundle in his hand, and pursued him: I found him in Bracket and Greenhill's custody. I believe him to be the same man that I saw snatch the bundle.

Mr. Jackson deposed to the goods produced in court, and Mary Jackson , that they were the same she lost.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was upon my master's business, who is a tobacconist : being belated, I ran along: I saw a croud, and they were saying the woman had been robbed; they accused me falsly. My master is ill at present, or he would appear to my character. I cut the tobacco.

Guilty of stealing, but not privately from the person . T.

Ann Baker , Peter Robins , James Rocket , and Timothy Steward , capitally convicted last sessions, were executed on Wednesday the 28th of March.

The trials being ended, the court proceeded to Judgment.

Received sentence of Death, Twelve.

Michael Sampson , William Smith , John Dixon , Joseph Redman , Mary Watts , John Ives , Richard Gray , John Larey , George Knight , John Fairbrother , David Overton , and John Boyland , otherwise Bailey. William Turner , a capital convict, died the day after he was tried.

To be transported for fourteen years, three.

Richard Swift , Elizabeth Fowler , and George Ramsey .

To be transported for seven years, fifty.

Edward Murphy , John Cunningham , John Sidnell , James Johnson , Rachael Cobine , Mary Jones , Richard Roberts , William Lewin , Mary Deprose , George Kingston , Elizabeth Barns , Thomas Darling , Mary Jones , Abraham Terrance , Blaze Robinson, William Fordin , Thomas Matthews , Richard Bunce , Mary Robinson , Mary Blare , Jane Smith , Charles Banks , Elizabeth Perry , Patrick Hurley , Robert Welch , John Woodcock , John Sherriden , Robert Aplin , Mary Langley , John Chambers , Mary Frances Perry , Thomas Bowles , Edward Cuttler , Emanuel Hyam , Benjamin Collins , Joseph Daniel , Alexander Maer , Christian Hays , Philip Hoff , Henry Fossett , Barnard Solomons , Michael Levi , Joseph Hopp , Thomas Jackson , Thomas Burnet , John Bourn , John Pain , Benjamin Paul , John Rowland , and Alice Palmer .

To be branded, one.

William Barrack .

To be whipped, ten.

Mary Joyce , Anne More , Mary McGuire , Henry Horner , John Chamberlaine , Catharine Nelson , Sarah Sibley , Elizabeth Addis , John Pike , and John Dunning . The last to be whipped 100 yards, near the key, where he did the fact.

Elizabeth Dun , otherwise Buck, to be imprisoned in Newgate 6 months, and find sureties for her good behaviour for 6 months after that.

Ann Baker , Peter Robins , James Rocket , and Timothy Steward , capitally convicted last sessions, were executed on Wednesday the 28th of March.