Old Bailey Proceedings Online (www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 6.0, 17 April 2014), July 1745 (17450710).

Old Bailey Proceedings, 10th July 1745.

THE PROCEEDINGS ON THE King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Goal Delivery FOR THE CITY of LONDON; And also the Goal Delivery for the County of MIDDLESEX,

HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL in the OLD-BAILEY, On WEDNESDAY the 10th, and THURSDAY the 11th of July,

In the 19th Year of His MAJESTY's Reign.


Right Honble Henry Marshall , Esq; LORD-MAYOR of the CITY of LONDON.



Printed, and sold by M. COOPER, at the Gre in Pater-noster Row. 1745.

[Price Six-pen.]


King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Goal Delivery held for the City of London, &c.

BEFORE the Right Honourable HENRY MARSHALL , Esq; Lord-Mayor of the City of London, the Right Hon. the Lord Chief Baron PARKER , Mr. Justice BURNETT, and Mr. Justice DENISON, Sir SIMON URLIN , Knt. Recorder, and others of His Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer for the City of London, and Justices of Goal-Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City, and County of Middlesex.

London Jury.

Thomas Richford ,

Joseph Babb ,

Peter Burchall ,

Samuel Gainsborough ,

Samuel Stratton ,

Roger Hogg ,

John Stacey ,

William Munday ,

Robert Adamson ,

Thomas Smith ,

Stephen Lyne ,

Thomas Newton .

Middlesex Jury.

Walter Lee ,

John Deschamps ,

John Sandwith ,

William Lewis ,

John Reynolds ,

William Duck ,

Thomas Woodward ,

William Boozshire ,

Robert Harroo ,

Francis Rawlins ,

John Smith ,

William Wilxon .

298. + John Spence , of St. Andrew Holborn , was indicted for breaking and entering the dwelling-house of John Wills , about the hour of twelve in the night, with an intent to steal , June 10 .

John Wills . I keep the Golden Anchor house on Saffron Hill . About half an hour after eleven my family went to bed, and I went into the room where my boy lies to fetch the candle away, I saw nobody in the room, but something black by the side of the bed, I looked, and found it to be the Prisoner; I called the watch, and secured him, and he had soot upon his face. I asked him where he was when the boy made his bed, he said he was under.

Q. How did the boy get in?

Wills. There was a pane of glass taken out of the casement, as I apprehend, with a knife, and then he opened the casement and got in.

Q. Are you sure he did not come into your house in the day time?

Wills. I was at home all day, and I am sure I had no customer in the house but what I knew.

Q. What did the Prisoner say to you?

Wills. He said all that you can do to me is that I must serve the King, and I have served the King before now [the Prisoner is a sailor .]

Mr. Wills's Boy said he went to bed about half an hour after eleven, and about twelve his master came in and waked him, and found the Prisoner there; that his master asked him what he did there, and he said he came in to sleep. Acquitted *.

* To make a burglary there must either be a breaking and entering the house in the night, or coming in, in the day, and breaking out in the night.

299. + Elizabeth Lynn , of St. Giles's in the Fields , was indicted for stealing a silk purse, value 1 d. and five guineas, the property of John Anderson , privately from his person , June 6 .

John Anderson . On the 6th of June I went into one Mr. Barker's in White Lion Court to drink a poot of beer, and the Prisoner was sitting by the fire side. She asked me to go up stairs with her; I had not been above stairs with her above ten minutes before I was robbed of my purse with five guineas in it.

Q. How do you know you did not shake this purse out of your pocket?

Anderson. No; I am sure I did not.

Q. When did you miss the money?

Anderson. I missed it directly.

Q. Did you tax her with having it?

Anderson. No, she run away with it.

Q. Did you miss it before she was gone?

Anderson. yes; I missed it directly as she went.

Q. Why did not you take hold of her?

Anderson. Because I did not know where to find her.

Q. Why did not you take her then?

Anderson. Because I had not presence of mind, I did not know but she might fall upon me again.

Prisoner Mr. Anderson, look at me, and see whether you do me Justice: I desire you would look at me. I suppose my Lord will give you leave to look at me: And please you, my Lord, this man has known me and my husband a great while, and he asked me to drink a pot of beer with him, and he took me up with a warrant, and said I robbed him of five guineas. I am but a woman, if he saw me take the money, why did not he take it out of my hand? He had been in several other houses in St. Giles's.

Q. What company was you in afterwards?

Anderson. I was in no other company.

Q. Was you upon the bed with her?

Anderson. Yes. Acquitted .

300 + Sarah Lambert , otherwise Bannister, otherwise Potbury , of St. Andrew Holborn, Middlesex , was indicted for breaking and entering the dwelling-house of Samuel Quincey between the hours of nine and ten in the night, and stealing four pair of stuff damask shoes, value 10 s. one stuff damask shoe, value 1 s. one pair of mens shoes, value 2 s. and a quarter of a yard of silver lace, value 1 s. his property , Feb. 26 .

* She was the reputed wife of John Potbury , otherwise Jack the Sailor, one of the Black Boy Alley gang, who was convicted last December Sessions, and since executed.

Samuel Quincey I am a shoemaker . On the 26th of February I went out, locked my shop up, and put the key of the door in my pocket; I returned about ten at night, and found the sash had been shoved up, and all the shoes in the shop were gone as in the indictment, and a quarter of a yard of silver lace. I do not keep a sale shop, they were only for shew.

James Bye . The Prisoner lodged in the same house as I did, one Lucas's, who was condemned last sessions, and executed. On Shrove Tuesday she and I went into Leather Lane between nine and ten at night; we came to a shoemaker's shop, and I said, Sall, I believe here it is: there was a man coming along, and she said let us wait for him: we staid a little while till the man was gone by, then I lifted up the sash, put my arm in, and took out a pair of mens shoes which had been newly heel pieced, then I took down two pair of womens stuff damask shoes, I could not reach any more that way, so I got my whole body in, and took down three pair more, and gave them all to the Prisoner; (we frequented one Hawkins's in Golden Lane who harbours nothing but thieves:) then we went to the house where we lodged, and there came one Tom Williams , a sort of a printer, who kept company with her. I asked her whether she designed to dispose of the shoes that night; she said, no, and went out with that Williams, and staid out all night with him: the next day one Mary Baily went with her to dispose of the womens shoes, for which they brought nine shillings, and I had half the money - I cannot tell whether they sold them or pawned them.

The Prosecutor and the Accomplice agreed as to the colour of the shoes. Some of Mr. Quincey's shoes, which had been pawned, were produced, and Mr. Boomer, the Constable, said the pawnbroker told him they were pawned by Mary Baily , and that he knew nothing of the Prisoner; and by the ticket they appeared to be pawned the 27th of February.

There being no other positive evidence, but that of the accomplice, to affect the Prisoner, she was acquited .

301. Jane Scott , of St. Paul, Shadwell , was indicted for stealing 10 moidores , the property of John Woodroffe , July 6 .

John Woodroffe . Last Saturday about noon I lost 10 moidores out of my chest on board the ship Ann from Boston in New-England - it was in a purse in a pocket of a pair of breeches.

Q. Was the chest locked?

Woodroffe. It was locked, but the key was in it. I was called out of the steerage and returned again in about 5 minutes, and when I came to look for it, it was gone. The Prisoner and one Mrs. Butcher came to see me, I desired them to stay dinner, and presently after dinner they went away.

Q. How did you come to find it out?

Woodroffe. By Mrs. Butcher. When I went out of the steerage, I left them both sitting upon my chest, and when I came back they were sitting there, and she said what made you leave the key in your chest? and she took it out and gave it me. I had no mistrust of her then, but I found it out by a rash word of Mrs. Butcher's, that she wished the devil had had her before she went on board with the Prisoner; that expression gave me a mistrust of the Prisoner.

Q. How came she to come on board o'ship, did you know her before?

Woodroffe. I had seen her several times, for I was acquainted with her husband.

Q. Had not you been several times at her house in Coleman street?

Woodroffe. I have been there.

Elizabeth Butcher . The Prisoner asked me to go with her on board o'ship to see her uncle; she said, this old gentleman [Woodroffe] was her uncle; when she came on board she called for John Woodroffe , and the Prosecutor came, he unlocked his chest to give us a dram, and was called up upon deck; while he was gone, she said, my old uncle has taken a French prize, and I'll see if he has got any linen in his chest; I said, for shame, don't look into your uncle's chest when he is not in the way. When the old gentleman was coming down again, she shut down the lid of the chest.

Q. Did she take any thing out of the chest ?

Butcher. Her hand was in the chest, but her back being towards me, I did not see her take anything out. She said, uncle, why do you leave the key in your chest? and then she locked the chest, and he put the key in his pocket.

Q. What made you mistrust her taking the money?

Butcher. Because she paid her creditors in moidores that afternoon, and she had but one half peny in her pocket when she went on board - I did not see her pay any.

Stephen Seager . [a baker] Last Saturday bout 3 o'clock in the afternoon [6th of July] the Prisoner brought a moidore to change, and paid me s. she owed me.

Vincent Clinton [a baker.] Much about that time she brought a moidore to me, and paid me 5 s. she owed me.

W. Ward [a distiller.] The Prisoner owed me 8 s. 8 d. and on Saturday between 2 and 3 in the afternoon she brought a moidore, and paid me.

Elizabeth Mulliner [a pawnbroker.] The Prisoner owed me 22 s. upon goods she had pledged, and last Saturday she came about 3 or 4 o'clock, and paid me with a moidore.

Woodroffe. We dined on board about one o'clock, and they went away directly after dinner.

Q. Have you ever lain at the Prisoner's house?

Woodroffe. I have once or twice when I have been late in town - I lay there the Sunday before she robbed me.

Q. What made you mistrust the Prisoner?

Woodroffe. Because Mrs. Butcher came on board that afternoon, and acquainted me with her having some moidores; then I looked for mine, and they were gone.

Q. Did not you give her the money upon the account of an injury that her daughter had received from you?

Woodroffe. No, I never gave her a moidore, I lent her a guinea some time ago to pay the King's tax.

Prisoner. He was in bed with me. He had like to have undone my child, and he fell down upon his knees, and asked my pardon, and gave me seven moidores to hold my tongue and not to expose him, and he said he would be a friend to me, and keep my child all her life.

Ann Boyd . I am the Prisoner's sister; I live in New Gravel Lane.

Q. Has not the Prosecutor been at your sister's house 3 or 4 days together?

Boyd. Will you please to hear me, and I will tell you the truth. I saw Mr. Woodroffe in bed with my sister, and he gave her seven moidores; I have swore to it - it is now about 8 days ago - I cannot tell what day of the week it was - it was one day about a week ago - my sister sent for me.

Q. What did your sister send for you for?

Boyd. To ask me if she owed me any money, and I said she did for lodging. I shall speak what I am ashamed to speak *. He came to her to smother the injury he had done to the child; a child about 7 years of age; and I saw my sister and him in bed together, and he gave her 7 moidores.

* She deposed that the child had been very much injured in her private parts.

Q. What conversation passed between them?

Boyd. He said he loved her very dearly.

Q. I ask you what they said that is material to the present matter?

Boyd. I do not know what they did, but they were in bed together.

Q. You was speaking of moidores, what did you see about them?

Boyd. I saw the money given out of his hand into hers.

Q. Where had he money, or what was it in?

Boyd. He had it in a purse, he took it out of his pocket and gave it to her.

Q. What did he give it her for?

Boyd. He said he gave it her [here she paused a considerable time] I can't say what he gave it her for; but my sister's child was used in a very base manner. He gave me half a guinea to hold my tongue, but I would not, for my sister's child was used in a base manner; but I am no base woman.

Q. In what manner was the child used?

Boyd. I can't explain it if I was to lose my life - my dear sister's child was in a bleeding capacity in the private parts.

Q. Did he say he had done any thing to the child?

Boyd. No, he denied it, but we found him with the child in the garret, and no body else could do it; and my sister was in liquor, poor thing.

Q. What passed about this?

Boyd. Lord bless me, I can't tell, we were all in a passion and threatened to prosecute him, and so he has brought this indictment against my sister.

David Boyd . Mr. Woodroffe gave my wife half a guinea, I did not know what it was for then; I thought it was because she was a whore to him, and I beat her for it; she would have given it to me, and I would not have it. My sister told me he had given her 7 moidores to make it up about the child. Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

302. Sarah Mumford , was indicted for stealing 2 s. 5 d. the money of John Williams , June 5 .

John Williams . I live at the Crown in Newgate street , the Prisoner was my servant . I had lost some money out of my Till the 4th of June, and I marked 18 peny worth of half-pence that night, and put them into the till, the next morning nine peny worth of them were gone, which I found upon the Prisoner. Guilty 9 d.

[Whipping. See summary.]

303. Sarah Morris , was indicted for stealing a guinea and 4 s. the property of John Rogers , June 3 .

Mar y Rogers. Deposed she left the Prisoner in her shop, while she went into another room, and going presently after to the till, she missed a guinea and other money. The Prisoner was searched, and only six-pence, and a groat's worth of halfpence were found upon her. Acquitted .

304. Jane Hughes , was indicted for stealing a shirt, val. 4s. three shifts, val. 7 s. 6 d. five aprons, val. 5 s. three handkerchiefs, val. 9 s. a pair of sheets, val. 3 s. three neckcloths, val. 4 s. and two womens caps, val. 5 s. the goods of John Bigg , June 14 .

Isabella Bigg. The Prisoner came voluntarily to me with a shift and a handkerchief of mine on, and told me she was the person that robbed me. She said, she took the caps off the table in the parlour, and slipped up stairs and took the other things. Guilty 10 d.

[Whipping. See summary.]

305, 306. John Hewett , and Elizabeth Hewett , were indicted for stealing a sheet, val. 12 d. a looking glass, val. 2 s. a tea-kettle, val. 2 s. &c. in their lodging , June 3 . Acquitted .

307. Elizabeth Lone , of St. Butolph, without Bishopsgate, London , was indicted for stealing 3 pound weight of whalebone, value 11 s. and 44 yards of striped linen, val. 3 l. the goods of John Matthews , June 14 .

Jane Matthews . I keep a hoop-petticoat shop in Artillery lane , the Prisoner worked with me as a journey woman . I lost these goods, the bone was taken upon the Prisoner in my house, and the linen was found in another place.

Ann Smurford . I am servant to Mrs. Matthews, the Prisoner came to work a little after six in the morning. I saw her take the bone and put it into her petticoat, and when she had got as much as she could well carry, she was going away, I stopped her and took it from her. She desired me not to tell my mistress, but to carry it up stairs and put it among some pieces of bone. I told her I would tell my mistress, and she might do what she pleased with her; and I called Mrs. May down.

Frances May . I saw the maid take the bone from her.

Elizabeth Woolcock . About six weeks ago this parcel of holland was brought to my father's house in Spittlefields, sewed up in a piece of woollen cloth, and she desired it might lie till she wanted it. Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

308, 309. John Oliver and Ann Perkins , were indicted for stealing a pair of sheets, val. 7 s. a looking glass, val. 1 s. a saucepan, 3 s. in their lodgings , the goods of Edward Bridge , June 5 . John Oliver acquitted . Ann Perkins guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

310. Rose Lincoln , of St. Martin's in the Fields , was indicted for stealing 4 holland shirts, value 20 s. the property of Andrew Legg , Esq ;

Eleanor Holland . I am a washerwoman. The Prisoner slipped up stairs and took them out of my room, and was stopped about half an hour afterwards, in Covent Garden, with the shirts upon her. Guilty 10 d.

[Transportation. See summary.]

311. + Thomas Bride , of St. James's Westminster , was indicted for stealing two silver candlesticks, val. 6 l. 6 s. a silver tea pot, val. 4 l. a pair of silver snuffers, val. 20 s. a silver snuff pan, val. 20 s. and two spoons, val. 10 s. the goods of Mary Leprimandy , in her dwelling house , May 21 .

Mary Leprimandy . On the 21st of May about 4 o' clock in the morning, I heard a noise in the house, my maid came up to me about 8 o'clock in the morning, and informed me that the house had been broke open. There was a hole cut in the kitchen window shutter, and the bolt unbolted, and a hole cut through the door, and the plate mentioned in the indictment was taken away. A sew days after Mr. White stopped the Prisoner with the snuff pan, which I knew by the coat of arms - the candlesticks are worth about nine guineas, and the tea pot about 14 or 15 pounds.

Mary Slaney . When I came down in the morning, I found a hole cut in the kitchen window shutter, and in the door, and these things were gone.

Fuller White. I live in Noble street. On Thursday the 30th of May, the Prisoner came to my shop, and asked me if I would buy some old broken silver, I said, yes; he asked what I would give him an ounce, I said, I could not tell till I saw it. Then he took a piece of silver [the snuff pan] I asked him if it was his own, he said, yes; I shewed it my partner, for it was doubled up in a very strange manner. I asked him again if it was his, then he said it was his friend's. My partner and I did not like it; and I told him I would stop the silver and him too. As soon as I had spoke the words he opened the door, and run down Noble street (I cried out stop thief, and alarmed the neighbourhood, and pursued him) then he turned down Oat lane, and into Staining lane, and my partner caught hold of him at the end of Lillipot lane, and brought him back, and then he said he had a partner, and that he run out to call him. In the hurly burly, Mr. Hague came over, told him he was a rogue, and accused him with stealing them, and fetched over a tea pot he had bought of the Prisoner. There was an advertisement published by this lady with a reward, upon which we acquainted her with it, and she came and owned them by the coat of arms. I had opened the snuffer pan, and then the coat of arms appeared.

John Fray . [Mr. White's partner] On the 30th of May the person at the bar came to Mr. White's house, and asked him if he would buy any old silver; he asked him what he had to sell, and he pulled out part of a snuffer pan rolled up together; he first said it was his own, and then that it was a friend's of his. I said, Mr. White, let me look at it, and said, I fancy it is stole, stop him and the silver too; Mr. White said he would, and then he opened the door and run away, and we took him in Lillipot lane. I asked him what he was, he said, he was a dealer in silver, and travelled the country. I asked him how old sterling went now, he said, he did not know the worth of it. I asked him how new sterling went, and he said he could not tell. I asked him what he gave an ounce for it, he said he did not know but he might give about 4 s. 3 d. Then he said he bought it by the lump, as they do butter. Said I, I fancy you stole it; he said, he bought it in the country, then he said he bought a parcel of silver in Mary le Bone fields, and gave four pounds, odd money for it. When Mrs. Leprimandy came to see it, I put it into the vice and opened it, and it had her arms upon it.

John Hague . On the 29th of May, the Prisoner at the bar came into my shop, and asked if I bought old silver, I told him, yes; I asked him what he he had got to sell, he put his hand into his pocket, and brought out a lump of silver lace burnt, about an ounce and a half, and I gave him 5 s. 6 d. an ounce. He had a lump of melted silver, and asked what I would give an ounce for it; I said I could not tell till I had made an essay. He left it with me to have the essay made, and that took off all suspicion of its being stole, and I bought it of him; there were 11 ounces and odd peny weights. I bought a tea pot of him, which was bent together, but as he said he travelled the country, I did not suspect it to be stolen on that account, for people do that to old silver, either for lightness of carriage or ease in packing, and I gave him 5 s. 4 d. an ounce for it. I saw him go into Mr. White's, and I desired a neighbour to go in after him, and if he was selling any plate to desire Mr. White to stop him, and presently there was a hue and cry. After he was taken, I went into Mr. White's, and said to the Prisoner, you are a villain, and I verily believe the plate is stolen; and he said he bought it of a man at Mary le Bone. I carried the tea-pot over to Mr. White's, and got one of the warnings from Goldsmith's Hall. I was three quarters of an hour in getting the pot open, for fear of spoiling the coat of arms, to see whether it agreed with the advertisement, and it did. I asked him if there was any body concerned with him in it, and if there was I desired him to make himself an evidence: he said there was nobody concerned but himself, and he could impeach nobody.

George Shute . I live with Deputy Bailey in Forster Lane. The Prisoner brought some silver unburnt, and desired me to burn it; and while I was burning it, he asked me whether he could not melt silver in a kitchen grate; I told him the best way was to build a forge. He pulled out a piece of a pair of snuffers out of his pocket, and I bought that of him at 4 s. 6 d. an ounce: there was no mark or coat of arms upon it; that and the burnt silver came to 13 s. 6 d.

Prisoner. I met a man at Mary le Bone, and he asked me whether I would buy any old plate, for he thought by my bag that I dealt in plate, and was going to meet a bargain; I said I did not care to buy it, because I did not know him, nor how he came by it; he said he had taken a French prize, and it was part of what he had for his share of it, and I gave him 4 l. 7 s. for the whole; for I told him French plate was not so good as English, and after I had bought it, I would have had my money again, but he would not give it me.

Sarah Stokes . About the latter end of May, on a Saturday in the afternoon, I met the Prisoner in Portland Street, and he desired me to go and drink a part of a tankard of beer, and there was a sailor along with him, and the sailor pulled some silver out of his pocket: there was a silver tea pot, a silver snuffer pan, and some silver in a lump; the silver was tied up in an old handkerchief: the Prisoner asked him how he came by it; he said he found it on board a French ship they had taken, and put it into his trowzers, and he gave him four guineas in gold and three shillings in silver for it - the tea-pot was rolled up, but I could discern that it was a tea-pot.

Weldon Bride. I am the Prisoner's brother. On the 20th of May last the Prisoner at the bar lay in my apartment at the house of John Hume , a shoemaker, in Duke's Court. He came in about nine o'clock at night as they were shutting up shop, and went out about seven o'clock the next morning: he could not go out without my knowing it, because he lay in the same room, and in the same bed.

The Rev. Mr. Atkinson. I have known the Prisoner sixteen or seventeen years; he lived with a near relation of mine in Ireland, and after he went out of his service he let him a farm, and afterwards he went into Colonel Frasier's service, and I never heard but he bore a very good character.

Elizabeth Bride [wife of Weldon Bride.] The Prisoner came in the 20th of May about nine o'clock at night, laid with my husband, and went out between six and seven the next day.

Mr. Frasier [Nephew to Colonel Frasier.] The Prisoner lived with my father and grandfather, and my uncle, he has been entrusted with a great deal of money and goods of value, and money bills: Col. Frasier has entrusted him with a note of 50 l. to receive: he was very well recommended, and the Colonel did not discharge him for any dishonesty.

Guilty of feloniously stealing the goods, acquitted of stealing them in the dwelling-house .

[Transportation. See summary.]

312. + Thomas Carter , of Pancras , was indicted for assaulting Hannah Herring in a certain field or open place near the King's highway, putting her in fear, &c. and taking from her an apron, value 2 s. her property , June 3 .

Hannah Herring . On the third of June between nine and ten o'clock in the evening I was going with my aunt Howard towards Hampstead , and the Prisoner stopped my aunt between Pancras and the Turnpike , and she begged of him to let her alone, for she was big with child, and he gave her some ill language, and then he tore my apron off my sides, and d - d me, and carried the apron away with him; then I cried out murder and thieves, and some people came to my assistance.

Prisoner. There were two or three other men, and they would salute the women, and I went to salute the young woman, and took hold of her apron, and pulled it off, but I did not carry it away.

Hannah Herring . The three men were going towards London, they went before the Prisoner, and upon my crying out thieves they came back, and asking me what I had lost, I said my apron, and they brought the Prisoner back with my apron, and carried him into the Adam and Eve in Pancras Church Yard: they searched him to see if he had any pistol, but he had none, he had only a common walking stick. He fell down on his knees, and asked pardon.

Elizabeth Howard . We were going towards Pancras Church, and three men met us and saluted us, and walked on, then the Prisoner came up and called me an imposturous B - h - I suppose it was, because I told him I was with child, and desired he would not meddle with me; then he laid hold of Hannah Herring , and she cried out, and the three men took him, and brought him back.

Q. How long was it after he took the apron before they brought him back?

Howard. It was about a quarter of an hour.

Prisoner. When I came up to her, I said, are not you a preposterous creature? and I went to kiss them, but I did not take the apron.

[ John Proctor . The Constable produced Herring's apron ]

Q. to Herring. Did he carry the apron away, or did he drop it upon the ground?

Herring. He said D - n you, and then took my apron, and run away with it.

John Barton . I have known the Prisoner about fifteen years, he has been a dealer in hair , and I am a perriwig maker, he was at my shop about two years ago, he has the character of an honest man.

Mr. Samuel Rossell [Curate of St. Giles's Cripplegate.] I have known the Prisoner about five year last past, but my knowledge of him is only from his being a constant attender at church for five years: he has been a communicant once a month, and he received the sacrament the day before he was charged with this fact. I am very much surprized at it, and can hardly think he can be guilty of it.

Thomas Shad . I have known him between two and three years, and have trusted him with small sums of four, five, or six shillings, and he has paid me. I take him to be a very honest man, and as the Gentleman says, I have seen him at church many a time. Acquitted .

313. William Joseph Dix, otherwise Joseph William Dix , of Alhallows Lombard Street , was indicted for stealing ten dozen of fowls, value 8 l. 17 s. the goods of John Johnson , June 3 .

John Johnson . I am a poulterer in St. James's Market. On the third day of June I went to Leadenhal Market , and bought ten dozen of fowls and chickens dead, which came to 8 l. 17 s. 9 d. After I had packed them up, I called out porter, and this Dix stood close by me with a new knot, a rope, and a ticket: I did not know him, so I looked on his ticket, and there was upon the ticket, Matthew Turner at Fetter Lane, freeman. I was told he was a ticket porter , and that I was very safe, so I ordered him to carry the fowls to my house: this was about a quarter after six, I went home about a quarter after seven, and there were no fowls come, and I had none all that day. Mr. Basset saw two men at Deptford with some fowls, and having heard of my losing some fowls, secured the Prisoner, and sent to me. I went to Deptford, tied the Prisoner's arms, paid the reckoning, and came away, and paid ten shillings for a landau to bring him to London.

Adam Sharrock . I am a porter and carman, and work for Mr. Johnson; he bought ten dozen and seven fowls and chickens: I was going with some goods for another master, and he said he could not stay till I came back: the Prisoner stood by him with a knot, and he asked me if I knew the man; I said I knew nothing of him; I looked upon his ticket, and there was upon it Matthew Turner, Fetter Lane; I said, master, you are very safe, he is a ticket porter.

William Basset . On the fourth of June in the afternoon I took out my horse for a ride, and about the middle of Deptford town I saw two fellows at an alehouse door with some fowls, and hearing Mr. Johnson had lost some the day before, I asked them what they had got there; they said fowls, but their master was not there, and they could not sell them; they were to carry them to the Boot and Crown at Deptford, and he was to come there to them. I went there and enquired for a constable, but there was none to be had there, so we got one at Greenwich. I told the men I believed their master had stole the fowls: at last the Prisoner came, and I took care they should not give him any item to get away. The Prisoner came into the house very boldly, and I asked him if he had any thing to sell; he said, yes, he had got some fowls. I asked him if they were his fowls; he said, yes. I had not patience to stand talking with him much, and I said if he did not give a good account how he came by them, I would charge a constable with him, which I did. There were six dozen and two of the fowls left, and I desired the constable to take care of the Prisoner and them till I rode to London. I went to Mr. Johnson's, and acquainted him with it; and when he came to Deptford I shewed him the prisoner, and he said that was the man; and Mr. Johnson hired a landau, and brought him to London. Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

314. + Robert Warden , of the parish of St. Brides in London , was indicted for that he not having not the fear of God, &c. upon Winifred Strolger , an infant , under the age of ten years, to vit of the age of nine years, wickedly, unlawfully and feloniously did make an assault, and her the said Winifred did carnally know and abuse against the form of the Statute , May 20

Winifred Strolger was asked what age she was; she said between nine and ten; and being asked what would be the consequence if she should speak what was not true; she replied, God Almighty will not bless me, and she was admitted to give evidence [I he could behaved in a very becoming manner, though in tear, and under much , that it was with difficulty she expressed herself. ]

Q Do you know that man [the prisoner?]

Strolger. Yes - he is Bob - he was apprentice to my aunt.

Q. What did he do to you?

Strolger. He took me in his arms and threw me down.

Q. When was it?

Strolger. It was on a Monday about two months ago.

Q. Do you know what he did to you?

Strolger. No; I was senseless, and he gave me some hart's horn drops and threw them up my nose.

Q. What did he say when you came to your self?

Strolger. He said if I told my aunt he would kill me.

Q. When did you tell your aunt?

Strolger. The next day.

Q. What was the matter with you?

Strolger. I could not sit upon my chair - I was very ill.

Q. Where was your illness?

Strolger. In my head.

Q. What other disorder had you?

Strolger. Nothing but that I was sick.

Edmund Mills [Apothecary.] On the 22d of May I was sent for to the child, and I did examine the part.

Q. Was there any laceration?

Mills. Really I cannot reckon myself a competent judge of it.

[Mr. Mills gave some reasons, by which it appeared the child had been injured, and he thought she was not as a child of that age ought to be.]

Q. to Strolger. Were you hurt in your private parts?

Strolger. No, I believe not, I don't know that I was.

Q. to Strolger, [the child's mother] When was it the child first complained of any hurt?

Strolger. The next day, and she was searched by a surgeon, and they told me she was very much torn and cerated. She lived with her aunt, I did not examine her.

There not being so full a proof as the law requires in this case. he was acquitted upon this indictment, and continued in custody in order to have a bill prefixed against him the next sessions, for an assault with an intent to commit a rape.

315. + John Rigleton , of Stanmore Magna , was indicted for the wilful murder of Margaret his wife , by giving her one mortal wound with a knife upon the throat, of the breadth of 4 inches and an half, and the depth of half an inch, of which she instantly died . July 9 .

Zachariah Price . I live with Mr. Truman, a brewer. I went down to Stanmore to see my friends, and was drinking at the Vine, a publick house on Tuesday last. A quarter before 12 at night Prisoner's daughter came into the house in her and said her father was her mother to pieces. I run out of the house and met the Prisoner at the bar, about 40 rob from his house; he had his coat over his arm, and nothing on but his shirt, and his shoes buckled, without stockings or breeches; and his shut sleeves were all over blood. I asked him what he had been about; he said he had killed his wife. I laid hold of his arm, and said he must go along with me, and he did not refuse going with me. I took him to the sign of the Vine, and as he was going along he threw his knife into a pond.

Q. Did you see him throw it into the pond?

Price. I saw him throw something, I asked him what it was, and he said it was his knife. A constable was sent for, and he was secured. He had locked the door, and had the key in his pocket, and I took it out. About a quarter of an hour afterwards several of us went to his own house and went into a lower room, where he and his wife used to lie, and her body lay upon the bed, partly naked, without any bed clothes over her, and a chamber pot standing upon a chair, as I suppose, for her to bleed in; though her head did not be directly over it, for she bled on one side of it. Her throat was cut, and her belly ript up, and she had a place cut in her cheek.

Q. Did you observe whether the body was warm?

Price. Yes; it was warm and her throat and belly were bleeding. In the morning we carried him before Justice Moore, and he asked him whether he was guilty of the murder, and he said, yes, he did murder her.

Prisoner. I don't say any thing against what he says. I was out of my senses, I did not know what I did. Something disturbed us so for several nights, that neither of us could rest or sleep.

Q. Did he appear to be fuddled?

Price. He appeared sober enough for any thing that I could observe.

William Wright . Mr. Price and I went out of the Vine together upon the alarm of the girl, and the sleeves of his shirt were as bloody as if they had been dipped in blood, and the some part of it was bloody. He had only his shoes and his shirt on; and as he was coming along he threw his knife into a pond; I saw where it went, and I went the next morning and took it out [it was a small knife with a round pointed blade.] He said he had murdered his wife, I asked him what made him do it, and he said he had been at work for the Lord.

Q. Was he crazy sometimes?

Wright. He was a little crazy sometimes - He was a labouring man, I have worked with him sometimes.

Q. Did you see his wife?

Wright. Not till the next day. I had only a glimpse of her. I did not care to see her.

Q. Did you sit up with him all night?

Wright. Yes.

Q. Did he appear to be disordered in liquor?

Wright. He was very sober all night.

Q. Did he talk sensibly?

Wright. He said but little; but what he said he talked sensibly.

Q. Did his wife and he agree, or did they disagree?

Wright. They used to disagree sometimes - I don't know that he ever offered any violence to her before.

Prisoner. I did not know that I should do it till just that I went about it, for I was out of my senses, I was half mad. My wife said the devil was coming, and that frightened me, and so we went to fighting. I asked her for a halfpeny for a halfpeny candle, and she would not give it me, so I was in the dark, or else we used to have a light; I did it innocently. Guilty , Death .

316. + John Twyford , of St. Clement Danes , was indicted for that he not having the fear of God, &c. upon one John Mullins , wickedly, unlawfully and feloniously did make an assault, and the detestable sin of buggery did commit and do, which is not fit to be named among Christians, against the form of the Statute, &c .

John Mullins . Some time in June I was going along near the Fleet Market, there was a press gang coming along, and the Gentleman at the bar stood looking at them: Said he, brother soldier , they will not press any Irishmen; yes I said, I believe they will press any thing: he said he loved a soldier as he loved his life, and that he was a sea officer , and asked where there was a pot of good beer. and desired me to go and drink with him. We went to the Plough by the Fleet Market , and he would not let me pay any thing: he said he was going to the Talbot Inn in the Strand to a particular acquaintance of his, and desired I would go with him; after much persuasion I went; he asked me to lie there; I told him I must go home, but he pressed me to stay, and he agreed for a bed for one shilling; he persuaded me to go to bed; I was very uneasy, and pretty much in liquor, and growing sleepy, I went into bed, and when he thought I was asleep, he began his tricks upon me; I am almost ashamed to tell - he put his - into my fundament, and pushing so hard it awaked me. I asked him what he was at, and said he was not a Gentleman; then we began to quarrel, and I being stronger than him turned him off, and then fell o'beating of him, and we were both carried to the watch-house. In the morning he said, brother soldier, you had better make this up: he said he had not much money about him, but he would give me half a crown, and he told me I must say that I was in liquor, and did not know what I said.

Q. Did you say before the Justice that you was in liquor?

Mullins. Yes.

Q. And did you say to the Justice that the complaint you had made to the constable was false?

Mullins. No; I said it was not all true.

Q. Did not you declare of your own accord that you was sorry for what you had done, and that you was drunk?

Mullins. No, I did not, I said I was in liquor.

Robert Duck . I lay in the next room; Mullins refused to go to bed, but at the persuasion of the Prisoner he did go to bed: when they had been in bed about a quarter of an hour, Mullins cried out very loud, what are you for, and made a great oath, and said, you are in my fundament, and then they fell o'fighting: then my master and mistress and five or six Gentlemen who were drinking in the house came up.

Q. When they came into the room, did he complain to them of what the Prisoner had done?

Duck. Yes; very much.

Q. Were not they fighting before?

Duck. No - the prisoner was very much beat, Mullins was beating him upon the bed when the company went into the room.

Q. Were they drunk or sober?

Duck. The prosecutor was the drunkest of the two.

Oliver Pen . I don't know the prisoner, I should know the soldier if I was to see him - that is he. They paid me for their lodging, that's all I know of the matter.

Q. Was there any complaint made when you went up?

Pen. Yes; the soldier said the prisoner wanted to do so and so to him, and so they fell o'fighting.

Q. What was the occasion of their quarrelling?

Pen. Because the prisoner wanted to be concerned with him.

Q. Who did he say that to?

Pen. To all the whole room for what I know. I asked the soldier, and said, as you are a man of maturity, how could such a thing be acted to you, (for you are not a boy) without you was as willing as the other? And then he said he had not entered his body; then said I, you assaulted one another, and must leave it to the Court; then I found they were both forsworn, for they must both of them be willing alike, or else there could not be any such thing done.

In order to convict a person upon an indictment for sodomy, the act of parliament requires that the emission should be proved as well as the penetration, so the Jury acquitted the prisoner; and he gave bail for his appearance next sessions at the Old Bailey, in order to take his trial for an assault with an intent to commit sodomy.

317. + Catharine Wilcox *, of St. Mary Whitechapel, in the County of Middlesex , was indicted for stealing eight pounds ten shillings in money, the property of Thomas White , privately from his person , July 10 .

* This Catharine Wilcox [aged sixty years or upwards] was tried in February sessions in the mayoralty of Sir Robert Willimott , Knt. for privately stealing 11 s. from the person of John Perthy [a young man] in some private conversation in an alley near Aldgate. See sessions paper, No. 3. Page 89, Trial 149.

Thomas White . Yesterday about three o'clock in the morning I was going along Gracechurch Street .

Q. Where had you been at that time o'night?

White. I had been drinking in Shoreditch with one Mr. Hope a brewer. The Prisoner and another woman hussled me, and took me hold by the middle, or much about that part. I had a handkerchief in my pocket, which I missed; missing my handkerchief I thought this woman had robbed me. I followed them into Bell Alley, [ Petticoat Lane] I think it is Bell Alley, it is by Whitechapel. Said I to this woman, when she was housed, mistress, pray give me my handkerchief, for I believe you have it, and I'll give you more than it is worth, because I would have it again. I offered them two shillings for it several times, and they denied the taking it. I asked them for it abundance of times, and thought they would have taken the money for the handkerchief, because it is not worth more. I came out and went into the house two or three times; I thought I would go into the house once more, so went in and asked them for it again: they said they could not do any thing till they had something to drink, so I put my hand in my pocket and gave them six pence to drink, thinking I should have got my handkerchief afterwards: then I offered them three shillings, and that would not do. I had three parcels of money in my pocket, and pulled out one parcel.

Q. In what pocket was it?

White. In my coat pocket. I pulled out a bag in which was 8 l. 10 s. all in silver, which I had taken that day.

Q. Who did you take it of?

White. Of Mr. Berry, a bacon man in Goswell Street. The Prisoner at the bar seeing this dog went to the door, and locked the door with me in the room. Said I, you shall not make me a Prisoner; then I pressed to get out at the door, and while I was pressing I suppose she took the money out of my pocket, for the young woman who was there, [ Hannah Cutherson ] said, she [the prisoner] has got the money out of your pocket, see whether you miss any thing: then I put my hand into my pocket, and my money was gone; the prisoner had the money in her hand, and I took it from her.

Q. Where did you take it from her?

White. In the same room.

Q. What did she say for herself?

White. I asked her what she did it for, but I don't believe she made me any answer; then the other woman said, tell your money, see that you have it all, so I put part of the money out of the bag upon the table, and the prisoner presently began to scramble, and she said she never saw so much money upon her table before.

Q. How much did you tell of it?

White. I told about two or three pounds out of the parcel, and then she would not let me be at quiet.

Q. What did she do to you?

White. She scrambled for the money, and I believe she took up some part of it: I told her if she meddled with me or my money, I would knock her down; then she began to curse and swear, and said she would have some, and she took some by violence: when I found I was in such had hands, I was willing to get my money up as well as I could; I told it afterwards at a publick house, and it wanted 8 s. 6 d.

Prisoner. My Lord, I know no more of his handkerchief or his money than your Lordship. Pray, honest man, had I your handkerchief or your money? you set down in the other woman's lap, I did not take your money.

Q. You say you took a bag of money out of your pocket to take six pence out to give them, are you sure you put your money into your pocket again?

White. Yes, as sure as I am of any thing in the world.

Q. You say this was three o'clock in the morning. can you be sure what you did?

White. Yes; I am very sure.

Q. Did not you lay your money down upon the ?

White. That was after I had taken the money from her.

Hannah Cutherson . The prisoner and I met Mr. White in Gracechurch Street; they talked together a little, and then she asked him if he would not go home with her.

Q. Did he give his consent to go home with her?

Cutherson. I did not hear him say any thing, but they went along, and I went on too, sometimes before, and sometimes behind. As he was going along he complained that he had lost his handkerchief, and said, he loved justice and honesty. Then he went home with her into Bell Alley in Petticoat Lane; when he came into the house, he asked her for his handkerchief, and said, he hoped there was justice there; and that he missed his handkerchief in Gracechurch Street, and she said she knew nothing of his handkerchief, as she hoped to be saved: then he pulled a couple of shillings out of his pocket, and offered her for it, but she said she knew nothing of it. He went out at the door and came in again, and desired to have it, and said he would search us. I offered several times to be searched; then he said he would give three shillings for it, he valued it so much. He said he had twenty pound about him, and that he would as leave have lost that as the handkerchief: then he pulled out a bag of money, and said, here's a bag of money, and I have more in my breeches pockets both gold and silver; and he put the money into his pocket again; then the Prisoner went to the door and pushed it to, and asked him if he would give her something to drink; he said, yes, if she would let him have his handkerchief; but however, he would give her something to drink, and threw down six pence, and we had some gin and small beer, but he said he did not like any such liquor: then she locked the door, and he said he would not be locked in. I saw the bag in her hand, and I asked him if he had not lost something; he said he had lost his bag; he took hold of her hand, and took the bag out of her hand: I said you brazen face, how could you take the man's money out of his pocket?

Q. Did you see her take it out of his pocket?

Cutherson. I did not see her take it, she said she would tell it for him; he said, you brazen face do you want to rob me again: then he pulled out his money again, and laid it upon the table to tell it, and she scrambled, and said, she had not seen so much money upon her table a great while; then she scrambled again, and scrambled some away from him, and he went to the alehouse and told the money over, and said he had lost 8 s. 6 d. and the Prisoner said, if she had known he had had that money he should never have brought it home.

Prisoner. Who had you your handkerchief from?

White. I had it from you.

Prisoner. Good Lord forgive me, I never had it; I never saw it till he put his money in it, and she was sitting in his lap. Sure he will not offer to swear any such thing.

Cutherson. I never sat in his lap, and the man never offered to touch me; if I had thought she would have robbed him, I would have gone out of the house, and not have staid there.

Prisoner. He took his money out of his pocket, and laid it upon the table, and sat upon my table an hour and an half.

Q. How long was White there?

Cutherson. I believe what with going backwards and forwards, and disputing, it was a couple of hours.

Mary Brooks . I have known the Prisoner 20 years, or more.

Q. What is her character?

Brooks. I never heard a bad character of her - she winds Bengall silk .

Ann Waters . I have known the Prisoner about a quarter of a year, she comes to my house sometimes; but I have very little acquaintance or conversation with her.

Q. What are you?

Waters. I am nothing at all - I have nothing to do but to take care of my family - my husband is a diamond cutter. Acquitted .

318. Thomas Ford , of London , was indicted for stealing a watch with a gold dial-plate, the inside case metal gilt with gold, the outside case covered with leather, imitating shagreen, except the edges, value 4 l. 4 s. the property of William Lambert , May 15 .

William Lambert . I live at the corner of Abchurch lane , in Lombard street . On the 15th of May, I saw my boy under some concern, and he intimated that there was a watch taken out of the shop with a shagreen case, and a gold dial plate. I asked him who took it, he said there was a middle sized man, pitted with the small pox, came in to the shop, and he imagined he took it. I lodged an advertisement, which came out the 16th of May with a description of the watch and the person. I had given over all thoughts of it, and I think last Monday was 3 weeks a person sent for me to go into Bride lane, and asked me if I had not advertised a watch, and said that it was stopped, and the person with it. I went to a coffee house there, and saw the Prisoner in the coffee room up one pair of stairs; they asked me if I knew the watch, I said, that was my watch.

Q. What did you say about it to the Prisoner, or he to you?

Lambert. I could not say I never saw the Prisoner. He was carried to the Counter that night. When I was in the coach with him, he turned his face to me, and said, it lyes in your power to do me a great deal of service, and desired me to make it up, and he would have made it up at any rate, for he said his reputation would be spoilt. A gentleman intimated to him that his reputation would not be worth much long; meaning that he would not live long, that he would be hanged. I desired he would give me an account how he came by it, and he said, God knows, he could not do that. He said at first his name was Matthew Man . When he was in the publick room at Guildhall, I desired him to give an account how he came by the watch; he said first he had it of one in Southamp ton Row: I said he must find out who he had it of, or else he must stand in his shoes. And when my boy saw him, he told me that was the man, and then he told me he was not the man.

Q. When the Prisoner was before the Alderman, did he deny it or not?

Lambert. He said that he bought it at the sign of the two chairmen, a publick-house near where his master lives. [ King's Street Bloomsbury ].

John Berry servant to Mr. Lambert.

Q. What have you to say as to the Prisoner's taking a watch away?

Berry. I am certain, that on Wednesday the 15th of May, there was a person came into the shop very much like the Prisoner at the bar; but I cannot say the Prisoner is the person.

Q. What did he say when he came into the shop?

Berry. He asked me several questions; he asked me whether his watch was done, I told him I did not know we had any of his. He said it was an old one that he left with my master about a fortnight ago. I said if he left it, I was not at home, for I knew nothing of the matter. He said he would call again when my master was at home, and went away directly. After he was gone, I looked upon the place where the watch lay, and it was gone. There was another watch lay by it, but I missed that watch which is in court. I saw it there when he was in the shop, and knowing of no body else could come in but him, I went out to look after him, but I could not directly see which way the person went. I came in again directly, and then I was in a great concern, that the watch which was brought in when my master was out should be taken away. I acquainted my master with it, and described the person to him, as dressed in blue grey, turned up with yellow plush, and yellow buttons.

Q. Did you give any other description of him?

Berry. Yes; that he had his own hair, was middle sized, and pitted with the small-pox.

Q. Look upon the prisoner, can you or can you not take upon you to say the Prisoner is the man?

Berry. I cannot take upon me to say he is the man.

Q. Do you believe him to be the man?

Berry. There are circumstances which make me think so.

Q. Do you remember your going to Guildhall, and seeing the Prisoner in the Long Room?

Berry. Yes.

Q. What did you say to your master then?

Berry. I said he was the man.

Q. What did you say before the Alderman?

Berry. I could not be certain then.

Q. For what reason?

Berry. I thought his speech was altered, and when he was in the Long Room he was leaning.

John Piercy . I live in St. Bridge's church yard, in Fleetstreet. - I am a pawnbroker. On Monday the 17th of July, the person at the bar, Thomas Ford , came to my house, being recommended by a neighbour to borrow 10 l. I desired to see the security, and he shewed me this watch, and said it cost him 15 guineas. I said, Sir, this will not do for this money, for it is not all gold. There was a young man who waits on me was by me, he saw the name of the maker, and looks upon the register. I keep a register where I enter all the stolen watches in, every day from the advertiser. I saw that the case was not gold, though to some eyes it may appear to be gold. I asked him, is this gold? he said it was. I asked him where he bought it, he said, I bought it of a person who comes to our house. Where do you live, said I? With my Lord Portmore, he said. I said, I think it is very odd your ambition should induce you to wear a gold watch? and asked him what he was, but he did not care to satisfy me in that particular; so I did not press him. He was actually very genteely dressed, as any man could well be.

Q. Was he in a livery ?

Piercy. No, he was in the same dress he is now, as far as I could see: he might be my Lord Portmore himself, for I don't know his Lordship. I told him it was not gold, he rapped out an oath, and said, then I am deceived. My young man having looked upon the register, gave me a nod to go backwards. I looked at the advertisement, and found it agreed, so I put the watch in my pocket after this manner as I do now. He cursed me, and said, G - d - your blood, what do you mean by putting my watch into your pocket? I told him I would shew him by what authority, so I shewed him the advertisement to read; he started up and said he would soon bring the owner of it, who would release him and the watch, and make me suffer for what I had done. So as he passed out of the shop I followed him, b staying to speak to a neighbour, I lost fight of the gentleman. I went after him and met him crossing from Salisbury court to Shoe lane. I said, Sir, I want to speak with you; you must go back to my house? he said he was going to seek the person he had the watch of. I had him by the coat, and he desired me to let him go. I still insisted that he should go back with me, but when entreaties were to no purpose, I was resolved to have him back by main force, and in struggling he crossed the way, being stronger than I. Then, my Lord, he up's with a stick to strike at me, and some how or other I struck it out of his hand, and told him if he would not go decently I would cane him as he would have done me; then I suppose he thought it was the best way to go quietly, which he did. I did not think proper to carry him to my own house, so I carried him to a house shown by the name of Anderson coffee house, and sent for a constable. I asked him what the watch cost him; he said it cost 50 s. then he said he bought it at the two chairmen. I sent for Mr. Lambert, and when he came, I asked him what sort of a watch he had lost, he said it was a watch with a shagreen case, the inside metal gilt, and gilt on the edges. I asked him the number of it, and he said he believed it was from 422 to 427, [It was one of those numbers.] The next morning I went with Mr. Lambert and carried him before Alderman Gibbon, and he was committed to Newgate.

Prisoner. I think about six weeks ago I happened to go into Bloomsbury square, I met a man about my size, and he asked me to buy a silver watch, I went with him into the two chairmen, he asked me 10 l. 10 s. for it, and at last came down to 50 s. and I gave it him.

Ann Jones . About six weeks ago I went into the two chairmen - in King's street, by Bloomsbury, and I saw the Prisoner and another man in a blue grey coat, and he in the blue grey was bargaining to sell a watch, and asked the Prisoner 3 guineas for it, the Prisoner said he would not give so much, he would give him 50 s. and he would give no more; and in a little time the Prisoner gave him the money.

Q. What sort of a case had it?

Jones. It looked like black leather. - I was sitting with a young woman who was waiting for somebody, and lives in the neighbourhood; and I said there were just now two men bargaining about a watch, and now they are gone: when I saw her again, she said you told me there were two men bargaining for a watch at the two Chairmen; one of those men is taken up for stealing a watch; I said I would go and see whether it was the same person.

Q. What are you?

Jones. I live with my brother Robert Brown a tidewaiter in Angel Alley Whitechapel, and as he is a widower, I save him the expence of a servant. I have lived in several families in Gloucestershire, I lived with my Lady Cholmondley.

Thomas Caddy . I have known the Prisoner a year and an half as a fellow servant ; he went away but last October; he lived with Mr. Nicholls of Enfield, and afterwards he went to live with my Lord Castlecomer; and when he asked Esquire Nicholls if he was honest, he said he had nothing to say against him for that.

John Piercy . As to what this woman has said with respect to the manner of buying the watch, it is quite different from what he said, for he said he bought it in such a private manner, that neither the master nor the mistress of the house could tell that he bought it. Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

319. + John Martin , of St. James Clerkenwell . was indicted for breaking and entering the dwelling house of Abraham Massey , in the night time, and stealing three blankets, value 10 s. a quilt, value 3 s. and a sheet, value 2 s. his property , May 6 .

Abraham Mossey . On the 6th of May I had some company, they went away about eleven o'clock, and when I was going to bed the bedclothes were all stripped off the bed. I saw the Prisoner when he was going before the Alderman, and asked him if he was one of the persons that robbed a house on Clerkenwell Green , and he said he was.

James Bye . This Martin belonged to the Black Boy Alley gang: the Prisoner, and I, and Jeffs, (who is executed) went out about the sixth of May with an intent to go a robbing. Martin took a hanger, I had a dark lanthorn, and Jeffs had two bunches of keys: we went into a Court on Clerkenwell Green, and heard some people talking in the parlour, and Jeffs said this is the house, let us wait for it. we stood I believe about a couple of minutes, and Martin went and opened the outer door, which opened with a latch, and the stairs went strait up from the door; he said he would go up and try if he could open the kin door, which is a nickname we have for a parlour door: he gave Jeffs the hanger, went up stairs into the room, threw up the sash, and threw out three blankets, a quilt, and a sheet, and Jeffs catched them. We sold them to Mrs. Lucas (wife of Joseph Lucas , who is executed) for five shillings, and we divided the money between us, and went to the notified Hawkins's in Golden Lane, who harbours nothing but thieves from morning till night.

Sarah Wilson . I shut the door fast between nine and ten at night.

The Jury acquitted him of the burglary, and found him guilty of the felony .

[Transportation. See summary.]

320. + Thomas Robinson , of St. Martin's in the Fields, in the County of Middlesex , victualler , was indicted for feloniously making, forging, and counterfeiting, and for assisting in the false making, forging, and counterfeiting a certain acceptance on a bill of Exchange signed with the name of Jos. Postweign, and for publishing the same knowing it to be forged . Which said bill of Exchange is as follows.

' Exchange 63 l. 17 s.

' Dublin, May 1, 1745.

' Twenty one days after sight pay this my first ' bill of Exchange to Messieurs Abraham and John ' Duthoit, or order, sixty three pounds seventeen ' shillings.

' From your humble servant, ' Jos. Postweign.'

' To Mr Peter Brozet Linen Draper. ' N. 564. Accepted to pay in Ports, ' May 9 1745.


Peter Brozett .

' Ab. and John Duthoit .

' Pay to Mr. Geo Steele .

' Pay to Mr. James Steele ' or Order the Contents.

' Thomas Gunn .

' Pay the Contents to Mr. James Allen or Order ' James Steele .

' James Allen .

with a design to defraud Peter Brozet , against the form of the statute. June 3 .

William Denis . On Whitson Monday I was at Mr. Brozet's at the Half Moon in the Strand buying some cambrick, and the Prisoner came in: he asked Mr. Brozet if his name was Brozet, and put his hand into his pocket and pulled out a pocket-book, and presented this note to Mr. Brozet, (I marked the note) I think it had these endorsements then, it was the same then as it is now. Mr. Brozet asked him where he had the note, and he said he had it from a merchant in the city: Mr. Brozet replied, Sir, this note is not my note, for I don't know the drawer: the Prisoner replied again, and said, Sir, I found it, upon his saying that, we took him directly before Sir Thomas De Veil .

- Brozet, jun. This acceptance is not my father's handwriting, it is very far from it; his name to the acceptance is spelt wrong, there are two ( tt's ) and there should be but one.

Q. Suppose you had found this Bill in the street, would not you have tried to have received the money?

Brozet. I should have advertised it, I believe.

Q. Who bid you say that?

Brozet. Nobody I do assure you.

[The bill was produced and read as in the indictment.]

John Kilsey . Mr. Robinson [the Prisoner,] and Mr. Ford [one who was in custody with him] on Whitsonday in the evening shewed me this bill, and asked if it was a good bill; I said I believed it to be a very good draught; said I, it is over due, how came you by it? He said he found it in the street by the New Market: said I, is it advertised? He said he could not tell how to look into the advertisement; said I, go and shew it to Mr. Brozet, see what he says to it; I thought it was a good negotiable note.

William Mar . I lodged in the Prisoner's house; he shewed me two papers, and desired me to read them for him; I told him I could not read them; then, said he, you cannot read them any more than I.

Justinian Ekins. I am a brewer at Westminster; I have known the Prisoner about five months, he has paid me very honestly for what he has had; I take him to be a very honest man.

Q. Can he write?

Ekins. Yes; but he writes a very ordinary hand.

Jonathan Nutter . I have known the Prisoner about three years, and never heard any other character of him than that of an honest man.

Q. Do you know his hand-writing?

Nutter. I know he writes as ordinary an hand as any person I ever knew in my life.

Prisoner's Council. This acceptance is in a very good hand.

It not being proved that he made a demand of the money, he was acquitted .

321. Elizabeth Percivall , of St. Giles's in the Fields , was indicted for stealing three cambrick cape, value 10 s. two pair of ruffles, value 5 s. and one handkerchief, value 5 s. the goods of John James , May 3 .

Elizabeth James . The Prisoner came into my shop to stand up for the rain, and went into the parlour, and when she was gone I missed these things: she had bought things of me, and I had sent them home, so I knew where she lived. I got a search warrant, and found them in her lodgings. Guilty 10 d.

Elizabeth Percivall , was indicted for stealing thirty calico shifts, value 12 l. sixteen calico aprons, value 4 l. sixteen pair of cotton stockings, value 40 s. three calico sheets, value 30 s. one dimitty petticoat, value 2 s. seventeen calico handkerchiefs, value 40 s. and four cambrick handkerchiefs, value 4 s. the goods of Elizabeth Knipe , May 10 .

Mrs. Knipe deposed, that part of these goods were found in the Prisoner's lodging. Guilty .

Elizabeth Percivall , was indicted for stealing two quarter moidores, value 13 s. 6 d. 11 guineas, and nine shillings , the property of Robert Forster , March 2 .

The Prisoner owned the taking Mr. Forster's keys, and stealing the money out of a cupboard: five of the guineas were returned to the Prosecutor. Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

322. + Elizabeth Dundoss , of St. Giles's in the Fields , was indicted for stealing a sattin gown, value 21 s. a linen gown, value 5 s. a quilted petticoat, value 10 s. 6 d. two shifts, value 10 s. an apron, value 5 s. a checked apron, value 1 s. and twelve caps, value 10 s. - three cambrick handkerchiefs, value 21 s. and a silk bonnet, value 1 s. the goods of Elizabeth Walker , in the dwelling-house of Elizabeth Armstead , June 22 .

Elizabeth Walker . The prisoner was employed by me as a chairwoman , and stole these things. I found one of the gowns at a pawnbroker's. She confessed the robbery, and said she was very sorry for what she had done. Guilty 39 s.

[Transportation. See summary.]

323. + , of St. Clement Danes , was indicted for stealing two cotton gowns, value 40 s. one stuff damask gown, value 20 s. a camblet gown, value 2 s. 6 d. a pair of stays, value 20 s. a duck, value 1 s. and a parcel of linen, &c. the whole valued at six pounds nineteen shillings, the property of James Spratley , in his dwelling-house , June 16 .

James Spratley . On the 16th of June my wife and I went out for a day's pleasure; I was informed my house was broke open, and my drawers stripped: when I heard of it, I said the prisoner was the person that did it, for she was standing at the door when I went out at five o'clock in the morning. I got a warrant, and had her taken up at her lodgings in Newtoner's Lane: there were several of the things found upon her. She owned she broke open the house, and in what manner she did it: she said she attempted to take down a shutter, but she could not, so she took out the pannel of the door with a casement hook.

Elizabeth Spratley . Confirmed her husband's evidence, and said the Prisoner had been a lodger in the house, but the person she lay with had quarrelled with her, and turned her out, and she lay all night upon the stairs.

The Prosecutor being only an inmate, it could not be his dwelling house; so the Prisoner was acquitted of stealing in the dwelling house, and found guilty of the felony .

[Transportation. See summary.]

324, 325. Nicholas Bond and Jonathan Collett , were indicted for stealing 9 pantile laths, val. 12 d. the goods of the Reverend Samuel Grove Clerk, July 6 . Acquitted .

326. Mary Cordwell , of St. Leonard, Foster lane, in the County of Middlesex , was indicted for stealing a cambrick handkerchief laced, value 12 s. the property of Roger Harris , June 26 . Acquitted .

327, 328, 329. William Kelly , Thomas St. Legar , and Patrick Cane , of St. Martins in the Fields , were indicted for assaulting Thomas Piggott , Esq ; on the King's highway, putting him in fear, and taking from him a silver watch, value 20 l. and forty guineas, his property , May 23 .

330. Sarah Cane for receiving the said watch, knowing it to be stolen , May 24 .

Thomas Piggott . On Thursday the 23d of May, I supped with some West India merchants at the King's Arms Tavern, in Lombard street. About eleven o'clock we paid the bill, and ordered the waiter to get a Coach. We waited the return of the porter, but no coach could be got. Between 11 and 12 it being a fine star-light night, I put my sword and cane under my arm and walked. When I had just got beyond Somerset house, I saw Kelly and St. Legar behind me; and there was a drunken soldier before me, who staggered so, that he hindered my passing; when I found I could not easily get by, I whipped into the street in order to pass by him; then Kelly and St. Legar followed me; when I came to one of the dark passages in the Strand, I stopped to let them pass me, for I thought they wanted to walk faster than I; and when I stopped, they stopped. I thought it was done out of complaisance. When I came to Buckingham street in the Strand , I turned down four or five yards, thinking it was Villars street where I live, but seeing the gate at the end of the street, I found my mistake, and returned; at the end of the street in the Strand, that poor man Cave looked me full in the face, Kelly seized me with his left hand by the throat, and put a pistol or something like it to my temples, and thrust it as hard as he could against them, and swore by his Maker if I spoke a word he would blow my brains out. I said don't use me ill, it is not in my power to resist you, gentlemen, I see what you are about, and I cannot hinder you.

Q. Who were then present?

Piggott. They were all three present, and Kelly said, D - n you, you son of a b - h, do you speak, by G - d if you do, I'll murder you; upon that I was quite silent, and made no reply. He still kept hold of me by the collar; then he took hold of my watch string, he could not easily get the watch out, so he tore open my breeches, and took the watch out and put it into his pocket. Then he put his hand into my right hand pocket, and took out all my silver and brass, I believe about 10 s. He searched with his hand on the side of my breeches, till he felt the purse; by his hurry I thought he would have torn the purse out. I said you may take it, he said, D - n you, you son of a b - h, you shall give it me, and I gave him the purse with 40 odd guineas; I think there were 44 guineas and a half in it. As soon as he had got that, he put his right hand upon my shoulder and turned my face down towards Buckingham street, and he swore by his Maker if I made a noise or offered to follow him, he would murder me, and bid me go down that street. Just as I turned the corner I received a stroke on the left side of my neck with some weapon, which I suppose was done with a design to knock me down.

Q. Had St. Legar any weapon ?

Piggott. While Kelly was robbing me, St. Legar stood just before me with a drawn sword, and held the pint of it close to my breast, and Cave stood on the left hand with a drawn hanger over my head. I did intend to purse them, and I should certainly have overtaken them before they came to the watch, but my breeches being unbuttoned hindered me. I called to the watch, and said I was robbed by three men, and the watchman said they were just run by him; he asked me if I thought I should know them again, I said, yes; he said go home and change your clothes and follow them, but I thought they would certainly be housed before I could do that. I acquainted Mr. Bowley, the watchmaker in Lombard street with the robbery, and concluded to advertise my watch, with ten guineas reward; he advised me not to advertise it as stole, but as lost, and then I might possibly have it again. I advertised it on Saturday the 25th of May. Mr. Hall seeing the advertisement that morning, went to Mr. Bowley, and told him that such a watch had been offered to him to be pawned to him for three guineas, and he refused to take it in. Mr. Hail's boy found out where the woman lived who pawned it, in Scroop's court against St. Andrew's church in Holborn . Mr. Hall's boy went with me to Cave's house, (for this woman was Cave's wife.) I told her if she did not let me have the watch I would send for a constable, and send her to Bridewell. Then she said she had it of one St. Legar. I found by examining her, that Kelly and St. Legar lodged at Cave's house; I sent for a case of pistols, and waited a whole day over against the house, but none of them came. A woman gave intimation to Cave's wife, that Kelly was in trouble about a watch; I had information of a place of resort, and went with a woman to one Raddy's, in Catharine street in the Strand, in order to find out Kelly's wife, for Hall's boy followed the boy Wood *, who came for Kelly's wife. But when they found they were watched, Wood run away, and Kelly's wife was housed at Raddy's. As I was talking, I discovered Wood, and told him I believed he was an accomplice, and if he would not make a discovery, I would take him up.

* This Wood was in custody upon this account.

He said, did I rob you, what business have you to take me up? I sent Kelly's wife to the Counter that night, and went to Raddy's again to look after these fellows; and Raddy told me, if you get your watch again, and some part of the money, I believe you will be easy: I said I should be glad to have my watch again, but as to my money I did not expect. I told him by what he had said about the watch, I knew him to be an ill man, and I would take care to get him punished; and he said, master, if I am rightly informed, every part of the money is in Kelly's wife's drawers: I said I would not go about it at that time o'night for fear of being knocked on the head; and I said, if you don't assist me in taking these fellows, and shew some degree of honesty, you shall be punished. He afterwards informed me, that the boy I had taken up [Wood] had the watch. I went to the boy to the Counter, and he told me he had lain upon the ground all night, and I gave him two shillings for his lodging: then he told me the watch was at one Sarah Holland 's in Stewart's Rents in Dirty Lane, in a cushion, in a two armed chair, in a paper. I went there, there was a great mob, and with much persuasion and many promises they let me into the room; when I got into the room, I went directly to the two armed chair, and found the watch in a white paper in the inside of the cushion among the hair. Patrick Cave was apprehended, and desired to speak to me; he was going to say something to me, I said, I do not want you to say any thing, for I know all your faces very well; and he said he would give me information where the other people were, and I believe he did all that was in his power to find them out+.

+ Kelly and St. Legar were taken the 5th of June in the Minories for an assault, in knocking down a bricklayer's man for looking at them: they were carried to the watch-house without Aldgate, and safely conveyed to the Counter by Mr. Day the beadle of Portsaken Ward; there was a powder horn and a brass ball found in Kelly's pocket.

Cave. I would ask the Gentleman, whether I did not offer to come to him if he would not molest me, and went to Esquire Piggott, and told him all I knew.

Piggott. When I came to Raddy's house, Raddy said I am very glad you are here, for I have received a message from Cave, that he is under a vast concern, and cannot eat or drink, and that he would be glad to see you if you will promise not to take him that night; I told him I would not take him that night; he came and we had a great deal of talk. I did design to admit that man [Cave] an evidence, but I was told my recognizance would be estreated, and I must prosecute.

Edmund Hall. I am a pawnbroker in Gray's-Inn Lane. Sarah Cave brought this watch to me, and wanted three guineas upon it. I asked her whose it was; she said it was a gentleman's: I told her I did not chuse to lend any money upon it without seeing the gentleman: she came again, and said, what signifies seeing the gentleman; but I would not have any thing to do with it. I sent my boy to Dawson's at Furnival's-Inn Cellar, and there was a man in a livery [which I take to be Cave] and the woman gave the watch to him.

William Parrot . My master said he would not lend any money upon it without seeing the gentleman, and he bid me go with her; she was unwilling I should go; I went with her to Furnival's-Inn Cellar, and the prisoner Patrick Cave came and consabulated with me some time, and Mrs. Cave gave the watch I believe to Patrick Cave himself, and then she said the gentleman does not care you should see him, and so you may go back again. My master seeing the advertisement, said, the watch the woman brought, is stole. I went to Mr. Bowley's, and told him what had happened, and I found Mrs. Cave, out in Scroop's Court in Holborn. I said, Mrs. Cave, you must give a particular account how you came by this watch, or you will bring yourself into further trouble, and then she said she had it from St. Legar.

Patrick Cave . As I was coming home to my own house from my master's at Lambeth after twelve o'clock, I saw Mr. Piggott pass by, he was dressed well: I had my master's hanger under my arm, and I saw Kelly and St. Legar in the Strand, and I came up with them. I was there to be sure. Mr. Piggott advertised the watch, and my wife owned she had it, I gave it to her. I lived with Mr. Ward about four years, and had a good character, and never was concerned in any such thing before; and when I met him, I told him I would do him all the service I could, and inform him of the haunts of the persons who were concerned with me, and so I did.

St. Legar. I never was concerned in any robbery with either of them.

Kelly. I have nothing to say, but I leave myself to God and your Honours.

Cave. St. Legar came into my house, took a watch out of his pocket, and laid it upon the table. I was surprised how he should have a watch, because I never saw one with him before: the next day I was desired by Mr. St. Legar to pawn this watch.

St. Legar. It is very hard she should say I gave her the watch, when Cave gave her the watch.

Q. Did your husband give you the watch, or did St. Legar give it you?

Cave. St. Legar gave me the watch.

William Kelly , Thomas St . Legar, Patrick Cave , guilty , Death .

Sarah Cave guilty as an accessary.

The Prosecutor recommended Patrick Cave to the Court for mercy.

[Cave: Transportation. See summary.]

331. Ann Roach , was indicted for stealing a silver cream pot, value 30 s. the goods of Thomas Kahagan , June 13 .

Thomas Kahagan . About a fortnight or three weeks ago I lost a silver cream pot. I believe it was taken out of my house. The Prisoner at the bar carried the cream pot to be pawned.

Q. Was the cream pot that was lost yours?

Kahagan. I thought it was, I acknowledged it as such.

Q. Was it pledged to you?

Kahagan. It was not pledged to me, but it was in my custody.

Q. If it was in your possession, how did you come by it?

Kahagan. I did not buy it myself.

Evan Scriven . I live with Mr. Beasley, in St. Martin's lane. On the 27th of June the Prisoner brought this cream pot to me, and wanted 15 s. upon it. I asked her whose it was, she said it was her own. I told her I did not believe it was her own. Then said she give it me again; No, I said I would not. Then to tell, you the truth, it is my mitress's; I asked who her mistress was, she said, she was a pretty lady, and kept by some Lord. I said I would go and speak to her mistress. No, she said, I should not, she would not disturb the Lord, for she should lose her place if she did. I followed her to a Lord's in St. James's square, where her husband lives, and acquainted him with it; he said she was his wife, but he had no such pot. I took her up, and then she pretended she bought it at the shop of one Mr. Caprio, a silver smith in St. Martin's lane. I went to him, and he said some time ago he sold her a milk pot, but he could not tell whether this was it or not. Sir Thomas would not discharge the warrant, but directed us to advertise it. I advertised it, and Mr. Kahagan came to our house to enquire after it; he said if it was his it had a K upon each foot, ther care three K's.

Q. How came you by the pot?

Kahagan. My wife, I believe, bought it. I am not positive whether she did or not; but the pot has been mine these three years.

Evan Scriven . She confessed before the Justice that it was Mr. Kahagan's, and that she stole it out of his parlour.

Prisoner. I bought that pot in Ireland, it is marked with three K's. Guilty .

332. Richard Ranton , of St. Botolph without Bishopsgate, London , was indicted for stealing eight pounds weight of raw silk, val. 8 l. and 4 ounces of raw silk val. 5 s. the goods of James Vere and James Carter . June. 1 And,

333. James Wilson , for receiving the same knowing it to be stolen .

John Edwards proved that some of Vere and Carter's silk was found upon Ranton and a quantity of the same kind found in the possession of Wilson, which he proved to be his master's property. Both Guilty .

[Ranton: Transportation. See summary.]

[Wilson: Whipping. See summary.]

334. + William Norman*, otherwise Martin , was indicted for assaulting Edward Jones , on the King's highway, putting him in fear, &c. and taking from him a silver watch, value 50 s. and a steel seal, val. 1 s. his property , Sep. 28 .

*The Prisoner was in the information of William Harper , otherwise Daddy, otherwise Old Man, who was evidence against six of the street robbers last December sessions, who were executed. The evidence of Jones the Prosecutor, and Harper the accomplice, with regard to the robbery, were much the same, as on that trial to which I refer you, December sessions, Number 3, page 42, trial 78.

William Harper . The Prisoner was taken up about about two sessions ago, and I could not take upon me to swear to him then, because somebody had pushed a stick in his eye, and his eye was almost out, and the blood ran over his face; he has a mark upon the back of his hand. [Now he swore positively that the prisoner was one of the gang that robbed Mr. Jones]

Prisoner. When I was carried to the Poultry Counter, I was carried before Harper, and he was asked whether I was the person, and he said he is not the Norman, the other Norman was pitied with the small pox, and he is a head taller; [the prisoner was not pitied with the small pox.]

Aaron Lovi . When Norman was first taken, Harper said he did not believe him to be the man, and afterwards he desired me to tell the Sheriffs he believed he was the man.

Charles Remmington , otherwise Long Charles. Harper told the prisoner that he had hanged men enough already, and he did not care to hang any more for fear of being killed.

Harper. Those were not the words; I said I would not say any thing till I came before my Lord Mayor.

Remmington. Those were the words he said.

Q. How long did you know the prisoner before he was taken up?

Harper. About three or four years: I thought he was the same man at first, but when I saw the marks upon his hand I was positive. Acquitted .

335. Martha Tuckfield , was indicted for stealing a few odd things in her lodging , June 15 . Acquitted .

336. Richard Massey , was indicted for stealing 10 s. 3 d. the money of John Hastings , May 27 .

The prisoner's custom was to go to an alehouse to order a pot of beer to be sent to a neighbour's house, and bid the servant bring change for half a guinea, or a guinea, persuades her to give him the change, and runs away with it.

There were two other indictments for facts of the same kind, but it not being a felony, he was acquitted of all the indictments, and ordered to be indicted for a cheat.

337. Mary Wheatley , was indicted for stealing two aprons, value 2s. two handkerchiefs, val. 4 s. and a cotton handkerchief, value 4 d. the goods of John Melone , July 2 . Acquitted .

The following persons who were convicted last sessions, were executed on Tuesday the 9th of this instant, viz.

Margaret Greenaway

John Jeffs

Joseph Lucas

Ann Rush

John Simmons

Benjamin Stevens .

The trials being ended, the Court proceeded to give judgment as follows.

Received sentence of Death, 4.

Patrick Cave 329

William Kelly 327

John Rigleton 315

Thomas St. Legar 328

Transportation for 14 years, 2.

Sarah Cave 330

James Wilson 333

Transportation for 7 years, 12.

B - E - 323

Thomas Bride 311

Joseph Dix 313

Elizabeth Dundoss 322

Thomas Ford 318

Elizabeth Lane 307

Rose Lincoln 310

John Martin 319

Elizabeth Percival 321

Ann Perkins 309

Richard Ranton 332

Jane Scott 301

Whipt, 2.

Jane Hughes 304

Sarah Mumford 302

The following persons who were convicted last sessions, were executed on Tuesday the 9th of this instant, viz.

Margaret Greenaway

John Jeffs

Joseph Lucas

Ann Rush

John Simmons

Benjamin Stevens .