Old Bailey Proceedings Online (www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 6.0, 23 September 2014), October 1683 (16831010).

Old Bailey Proceedings, 10th October 1683.

THE TRUE NARRATIVE OF THE PROCEEDINGS AT The Sessions-House IN THE OLD-BAYLY,

Which began on Wednesday the 10th of this Instant October, and ended on Saturday the 12th, of the same Month.

Giving an Account of all the Remarable Tryals there, Viz. For High-Treason, Murders, Fellonies, and Burglaries, &c. with the Criminals Names, and Places of Committing their Facts, with the Number of those Condemn'd to be Hang'd Transported, and to be Whip.

AT the Sessions-House in the Old-Bayly, on Wednesday the 10th. of this Instant October, about 9 a Clock in the Morning, the Right Honourable St. William Prichard Kt. Custos, Lord Mayer of the City of London; for the time being; with several Aldermen, Justices of the same City; together with the Right Honourable Sr. George Jefferies Knight and Barronet, Lord Chief Justice of his Majesties Court of Kings-Bench, and one of the Lords of his Majesties most Honourable Privy Council; Sr. Thomas Jenner the present Recorder and other Commissioners of Oyer and Terminer, for the City of London, Westminster County of Middlesex, and Goal Dilevery of Newgate, being Assembled in Court, Proclamation was made in the accustomed manner; For all Persons to appear, or give their Attendance; which being ended, several persons accused, were called to the Bar, to whom Indictments of Fellonies,Murders, Burglaries, &c. were read, as hereafter are named, who pleaded not Guilty; and put themselves upon their Tryals, Viz. John Smith , William Smith , John Pyson , William Williams , Christopher Moor Robert Vallers, John Thompson , Thomas Atkins , &c.

John Green , was Arraigned, for Felloniously stealing Sheep, and other Cattle ; and pleaded Guilty to his Indictment, and was also set aside for Judgment.

John Pyson being brought upon his Tryal for Murthering of Susanna Roberts a Child. It appeared; that upon turning of his Coach upon the Corner of a Street, the Wheel accidentally ran over the Head of the said party, and no Malice being, &c. the Jury found him Guilty of Manslaughter.

William Williams was Indicted for a Rape, upon the Body of Sibyl May , Aged sixty years, or thereabouts; but upon full inquiry into the Fact, the Evidence was not so convincing as to induce the Jury to find him Guilty. The same Prosecuters preferred two other Indictments of Fellony against the same person; and alledged, he had Felloniously took from her a Ring, Scarf, and Hood, &c. the same day: which appearing more reasonable for the Jury to believe, they found the said William Williams Guilty of both Fellonies, and the Court ordered him to be set aside, to answer Judgment thereupon.

Christopher Moor , was indicted for Fellony and Burglary, stealing from one William Reves , at the Lamb-Inn, in the Parish of St. Clement Danes, in the County of Middlesex, divers parcels of Apparrel, and other Goods to a considerable value; and upon the Tryal of the Cause, the Evidence being plain, besides the Goods taken upon the Prisoner produced, he was found Guilty, and set aside for Judgment.

Robert Vallers , was Tryed for stealing several pieces of Plate, from Nicholas Ramsden , and found Guilty. Also one John Thompson was Tryed for taking a Scarf from Mary Harberly , and found Guilty. And one Thomas Atkins , was likewise found Guilty of stealing a Silver Tankard from Elizabeth Green , and the Court Adjourned till three a Clock: at which time being sat, & Proclamation made, Richard Rouch , Thomas Fitz-James , and one Mr. Atkinson , were all three Arraigned and Tryed for Killing Mr. Isack Welch in Chancery-Lane; and after a full hearing of the Evidence for the King, the Jury brought the two latter not Guilty; and it appearing by the Evidence and Circumstance of the Fact, that there was no Grudge or Malice, between the said Rouch and the Deceased Mr. Welch, between whom the Quarrel hapined, which occasioned the death of the latter, they found the said Mr. Rouch Guilty of Manslaughter.

John Smith , and William Smith , were Tryed, for Felloniously stealing divers Goods of great value, from the Right Honourable the Earl of Lindsey . The Evidences, and Circumstances being very plain, they were both found Guilty, and set aside for Judgment,

Peter Crown , a Soldier, was Arraigned, and Tryed, for Killing a Man but upon Examination of the Evidence, it appeared a Quarrel arose between the Prisoner and the Deceased person, and not proceeding from any former Grudge or Malice between them, the Jury found him Guilty of Manslaughter.

James Oagly was Atraigned and Tryed for stealing from Joseph Hancokes eighteen Shilling and sixpence in Money, but upon Tryal of the Cause there being no possitive Evidence, & the Circumstances not being sufficient, to make out the Accusation, the Jury found him not Guilty; and the Court Adjourn'd till eight a Clock the next Morning.

Thursday the 11th, according to the Adjournment last-Night, the Court, sat and proceeded in the Business of the Goal Delivery and Charls Butler was Arraigned and Tryed for High Treason, beie charged for Cliping & Counterfeit Cuoining his Majesties Current Money: but upon the Tryal of the Cause, the Evidence being not sufficient to prove the matter according to the Direction of the Statute he was brought in Guilty. And one Mrs. Elizabeth Hare , who was tryed for Hegh Treason, upon the same Statute, was found Guilty, and set aside for Judgment.

Sidly Vanderlyn , Charls Dod , Charles Roberts , Hugh Jones , Edward Williams , were Tryed, for Robbing of Richard Litleton of a Hat and four Shillings in Money.

The said persons, together with one Andrew Edwards , a Cheesemonger somewhat near Billings-gate, and others of the same Gang, who are fled from Justice, had made it their common practice to Ape some hot-head Debauches of the Town, in kissing all women kind they met in the streets: and under that pretence they took the opportunity of picking their pockets, or Robbing them of any goods they might have about them; & were so audaciously insolent, that they pursued several women into the Houses they fled to avoid their Mischeivous useage: many modest Women complaining of their Beastly Affronts. In this manner they had pester'd the streets, Alleys and Lanes, near the Royal Exchange for some time, and would pass the streets with an unusual Boldnss for Villians of their profession; Whooping, and Hallowing. Their Rendevouz being at a kind of a Quakers Ale-House, at or near the Stocks Market: Being refused admittance into all other publick Houses in that Neighbourhood. Mr. Weston the City Martial, having notice of the said parties, took one of the same Profession of Filers, or divers that belonged to another Gang, and he ingeniously discovered the whole Herd, and was industriously Instrumental in the taking and apprehending, of the said notorious Malefactors. In the pursuit of them, The said Sydney Vandelee , stobbed a Tallow Chandlers Apprentice, and but for the Extraordinary care of the Chirurgeon, the wound might have proved Mortal. The said Vanderlyn was taken at a Hatmakers neer St. Brides Church that used to dress Hats, and work in the way of his Trade, to several that are suspected to follow the said course of life.

Our said Sparks, would sometime, according to the season of the year Travil the Circuits, and repear to Inns in Towns appointed for the Assizes, and pretend to take up Lodgings for the Judges Attendance; when indeed they had no other business but Robing or Stealing where ever they came; and are said to out-do any, that ever yet pretended to the Profession in all manner of wickedness; though some of them have scarce seen sixteen years in the World, & the Gravest of the Gang, not much above twenty, but most of them have the Charracter of being Thieves, almost ever since they were able to walk the Streets.

upon the said Tryal, the Evidence was full and plain against them allupon which the Lord Chief Justice Jefferies sumed up the Evidence minding the Jury, the Danger every Man in his own person, as well as the person of his Servants were in, if such out-rages were not Examplary punished, that the peace & civil Government of the City was invaded by them, besides the evil Example, they might possible give to Youth, being in a manner but Children, and might with the more ease draw in many more young People with their dissolute way of living; if they were not stopt in the Carreire, of their wickedness, and that they were a sort of people, that Robbed every body they met. It being their dayly practice, to strole into all parts of the City and Country, upon no other business, and that several of them had received the Mercy of the Court for past offences, and were become hardned in their wickedness. One swearing, he had done the Rogues business, meaning the innocent honest Tallow-Chandlers Servant, and attempted the like Mischief upon one of the Sheriffs Officers, but their Villanies, being to many to repeat, his Lordship left the whole Charge to the Consideration of the Jury, who brought them in Guilty of the Fellonies, and Robberies, of which they stood Indicted.

Robert Thomas , Joseph Roberts , and Jonathan Parsons , were Indicted and Tryed, for stealing a Gelding valued at 10 l. and upon Tryal of the Cause it appeared, that the said Thomas, and Roberts, were no ways Consenting or privy to the Felony, and the Jury brought them in not Guilty, and set them up for Evidence, and both of them declared the said persons brought the Gelding, and employed one of them to Ride him, and the other to sell him, which was all they knew of the business and the Court was fully satisfied of their innocency, and caused them to be immediately discharged without Fees, and proceeded on the Tryal of Parsons only, who was found Guilty. The same Parsons was Indicted of a Felony, and Burglary, upon the House of one Jonathan Beck , and stealing a Tankard and other Goods, but the Prosecuter not being able to prove Matter of Fact (alledging only some Circum; stances) he was found not Guilty of that Indictment. Thomas Wade , was found Guilty of stealing Tobacco to the value of 10. l. and Robert Dillaber was found Guilty of a Felony of the same value. Thomas Hernes and Jacob Horten , were tryed for Kiillng John Harding at the Kings-Head in Fanchurch-Street. brought in not Guilty Samuel Mathews , was tryed for stealidg a Silver Tankard from Tho. Caucor and found Guilty. Eliz. Green , and Wm. Stanbrook , were tryed for a Felony of the same Nature. Green was Convicted, and Stanbrook accquitted. Hanah Pesar , was tryed for taking a Watch from the person of Robert Rouse , and Accquitted. John Knight , Thomas Bybody , and Thomas Edmunds , were all Convicted for stealing two Geldings.

Saturday Morning, the Sessions met, and proceeded in the business; Mary Phelps , was found Guilty of Murthering John Charlton in Covent-Garden, and Francis Eggleston , was found Guilty of a Robbery on the High-way, and taking a Cravat, & Hat, from Isaack Jacson. William Clark , was found Guilty of speaking Treasonable Words, concerning his Majesty and saying the present Fanatick Conspiracy, or Plot, was no Plot & ordered to stand in the Pillory, & pay a Fine to the King, of 100 Markes. Charles Futler was Convicted of High-Treason, for diminishing the Current Coin. John Quarles , and Charles Temple , were found Guilty of Felony. Divers others were tryed for Felonies of divers kinds, and accquitted. No possitive proof being brought against them, in Fine. The Court passed Sentence of Death, upon 17. Vez. Eliz. Hare , and Cha. Butler, for High-Treason, Mary Phelps for Murther, and several Felonies of divers kinds. 8 were Burnt in the hand, and 8 Transported, and 6 ordered to be Whip'd, which concluded the Sessions.