Old Bailey Proceedings Online (www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 6.0, 02 September 2014), April 1675 (16750414).

Old Bailey Proceedings, 14th April 1675.

News from the SESSIONS-HOUSE IN THE OLD BAILY, OR A full and true Accounpt of the Tryals and proceedings this last Sessions, holden at the Old-Bayly; begun on Wednesday the 13th. of this instant April: and ending on the 17th. day.

With the true number of persons that are Condemned, burnt in the Hand, and to be Transported.

London, Printed with Allowance, 1975.

An Account of the Tryals and Proceedings this last Sessions holden at the Old Bayly, begun upon the 14. day instant, 1675.

AT this Sessions were Tried a great number of Malefactors, whose crimes as they were various and of several Natures, so some of them were so inconsiderable, as not worthy the remarquing; yet we shall briefly give you an account of some of the less considerable amongst them, and a more full Narrative of others of a more respective notice.

Three men were this Sessions Indicted for the Felonious taking away of three ounces of Silver from a Refiner , some of them it seem'd used to work at the Refiners house, and therefore were the more strangely suspected to be guilty, and the Silver being offered to be sold, and staid upon suspition, one of the peices was affirmed upon evidence to belong to the Gentleman that lost them, and some other circumstances to clear the Fact, but on the Prisoners part it was alleadged, that one of them had found the said Silver wrapped up in a bag near White-Fryers in Fleet-street, the whole matter being left to the Jury, they were acquitted .

An account was given you the last Sessions before this of the Tryal of a Maid Servant to a Linnen Draper, whowas accused by a young Lad (an Apprentice in the same house for instigating him to burn the wares in his Masters house with Fire-balls, and to take mony out of the box, which the boy then confessed in his evidence against her, that upon her instigation he did it, the Maid was then acquitted, but upon the aforesaid confession, and some other circumstances since discovered to evince the Fact, the young Lad was this Sessions arraigned uppon three several Indictments, the one for taking the mony to the value of three pound out of the box , the other of Trespass, for burning the goods in the house, the other of Felony, for setting fire to the burning of the house ; the evidence that came in against him was no other (except in one single circumstance) then what was given in upon the last Tryal, and what he confessed before the Justice upon his Examination. The Master affirmed that he did prosecute him to no other end but to get a discovery of what persons were accessaries with him, and that should put him upon the Design, as supposing it very unlikely that a young boy about 13 years of Age, should enterprize so mischievous an undertaking of himself; The Court laboured very much to make him confess who were his complices, but the boy still resolutely held to his first Story, that it was the Maid that set him upon it, and no body else. It appeared that the damage by the fire was chiefly to the goods, and no great damage done to the house, although the fixing of any part of it according as the Indictment was laid, would have been Felony without Clergy (the State upon which the Indictment was grounded, being very severe in those cases, it appeared the boyes Friends were very sufficient persons, and had give 70 l.with him, and a bond of 500 l. for his truth, but besides that, the Master confessed that he had been offered full satisfaction of his damages by the boyes friends, if he would have desisted from Prosecuting, which the Master affirmed still he did only to discover the complotters by that means in the business, upon the whole matter the Jury found him as to the second Indictment for firing the House, not guilty ; and as to the taking mony out of the Box, they brought in a special Verdict , grounded tis suppos'd upon a clause in 21. Hen. 8.7. concerning Servants taking their Masters goods not being Apprentices, the like course being taken in a case much of the same nature the day before.

A woman was here also Indicted for the Murthering of her Bastard-child which she had hid in a Box, and was there discovered; it being questioned as the Law requires in such cases, whither the cryed out at the time of her Delivery, she affirmed she did, and that a Woman (one of the witnesses) at that time lay with her, but that she could not wake her; the said woman affirmed that she did not acquaint her, nor did she suspect any thing of her condition, but that the other rose from her, and went into another Room, where it seems she was delivered, and the child afterwards found dead in the aforesaid box: The Jury brought her in guilty .

[Death. See summary.]

A Sadler also here was tryed for killing one Henderson Brother and follower to the bayly of the Liberty of the Dutchy in the Strand ; this Sadler it seems had several times notice given him of an Action against him in the Court of the Liberty, and an appearance desired to it, which he refusing, the aforesaid Henderson and his brother came to his Shop and Arrested him, whereuponthe Prisoner desiring to stay a little while in his house, till he could send for Bayle, got them into his Kitching and then getting out the parties Sword that was killed, did therewith first wound the Bayly, and presently turning to his follower, with a suddain pass, run him through the body, of which wound, within two or three days after, he died, The Jury found him guilty of Murther .

[Death. See summary.]

A Porter was here Arraigned for running away with a Trunk that he was to have carried with one that imploy'd him . He made it seems an excuse to rest him by the way, but never rested till he carried it clean away.

A Broker was here Indicted this Sessions as accessary (before the Fact) which one Ed. Fox, Caryl, and others, who had formerly rob'd the Lord Manchester s Lodgings at Whitehall , Caryl, one of the principals, having been convicted of the said offence, but afterwards had License of Transportation, came in a witness against him, that upon the discovery of their aforesaid intended design, this Broker by trade did incourage them to it, and that they should take no care for the disposing of their booty, for he would contrive ways for the disposing of them, and did so, The Tryal was long, but this was the sum of the Evidence, upon which he was convicted as accessary to the aforesaid Felony .

[Death. See summary.]

A young man was also Tryed for the Robbery of one Mr. Howard of 90 l. he was taken near St. James's upon Thursday night last about 10. at night, upon suspition by a person of whom he inquired if he could tell him where he might hire a Horse to ride out of Town, thisthe party seeing him but an ordinary erpson, and wondering what he should hire a Horse for at that time of Night, and observing withal that he had a Wallet at his back, which he dropt quickly after; upon these suspitions was laid hold on, and carried him and his Wallet before a Justice of Peace, where the Wallet was search'd, and found 90 l. in it, and some Suits of cloaths which he confessed he had of Mr. Howards man, at his Tryal it appeared that the said Mr. Howards man had left his Masters service for about a Twelve month, and yet the said Master had so much confidence in him, as to trust him with the said 90 l. in his keeping, and that the Prisoner, at the instance of the Landlord of the house where he lodged with him about a month before, and that Thursday had got the said mony and cloaths from him, and went away with him, the Prisoner alledged, that the other had told him whose mony it was, and ordered him to carry them away to a place where he should meet him, and there they were to divide the mony between them, but upon information given to the Court, of the Gentlemans confidence of his Servants integrity, this was lookt upon but as an invention to shift the crime from himself to the other, and the credit thereof being left to the Jury, they brought him in guilty of the Felony.

There were besides these a great number of other Falonyes burglaries, and petty Larcenyes, too long to reherse in this short Narrative.

There were in all twenty condemned to be hanged, 16. men and 4 women one of which women was the before mentioned person for Murthering her Bastard, and of the men, the Sadler that Killed the Bayly; and theBroker before mentioned.

The Sadler carried himself very submissively and Christianly at his condemnation, declaring that he expected not life, and could not plead for it, but in respect he had been so little time in Prison, and that the time he had been there was taken up with visits by his friends, desired of the Court that they would grant some more than usual time before his Execution, to prepare for his Soul, to which the Court declared they would take into consideration, and so proceeded to pass judgment of death upon him.

There were in all 21 Persons burned in the hand, and about 9 more to be Transported.