Old Bailey Proceedings, 23rd May 1792.
Reference Number: 17920523
Reference Number: f17920523-1

THE TRIALS AT LARGE OF THE CAPITAL and other CONVICTS, ON THE KING'S Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery for the CITY of LONDON; AND ALSO The Gaol Delivery for the County of Middlesex, HELD AT JUSTICE HALL in the OLD BAILEY, On Wednesday, the 23d of MAY, 1792, and the following Days;

Being the FIFTH SESSION in the Mayoralty of The Right Honourable John Hopkins , LORD MAYOR OF THE CITY OF LONDON,




Printed for E. HODGSON (the Proprietor); And Sold by J. DALBY, No. 22, Fetter-lane, opposite Rolls-buildings; Also by J. WALMSLAY, No. 35, Chancery Lane; and S. BLADON, No. 13, Pater-noster Row.


N. B. Letters and Messages for Mr. Hodgson, left at No. 22, Fetter-Lane, will be instantly forwarded to him.


KING's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery for the CITY of LONDON, &c.

BEFORE the Right Honourable JOHN HOPKINS , LORD MAYOR of the City of London; the Honourable Sir WILLIAM HENRY ASHURST , one of the Justices of his Majesty's Court of King's-Bench; the Honourable Sir RICHARD PERRYN , one of the Barons of His Majesty's Court of Exchequer; Sir JOHN WILLIAM ROSE, Serjeant at Law, Recorder of the said City; JOHN SILVESTER , Esq: Common Serjeant at Law; and others his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer of the City of London, and Justices of Gaol Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City, and County of Middlesex.

London Jury.

Richard Ryley

Henry Haswell

Miles Maskew

Thomas Fenton

Henry Goldfinch

Samuel Doyce

William Southwaite

John Miller

William Siddons

Thomas Hughes

David Bryson

John Rodbard

First Middlesex Jury.

Samuel Collins

Richard Mason

William Cartwright

Thomas Yeomans

John Simm

Stephen Geary

John Hawkins

Edward Hanbury

William Dawes *

* Joseph Ashmore served the seventh day in the room of William Dawes .

Samuel Ray

James Phipps

Christoph. Langworthys

Second Middlesex Jury.

William Hale

William Clishold

Richard Thompson

Thomas Durham

Dennis Jacob

William Dalstone

William Skelton

John Pugh

Henry Waite

William Hooper

Thomas Lee

Thomas Gray

Reference Number: t17920523-1

220 ROBERT ANDERSON , otherwise HENDERSON , and MATTHEW GOODALL , were indicted for that they, not having the fear of God before their eyes, but being moved and seduced by the instigation of the Devil, on the 8th day of May , on Susannah, the wife of John Dell , in the peace of God, and our Lord

the King, then being, feloniously, wilfully, and of their malice aforethought, did make an assault, and him the said Robert Anderson , with a clasped knife, value one penny, which he then had and held in his right hand, her, the said Susannah Dell , in and upon her right breast feloniously, wilfully, and of his malice aforethought, did strike, stab, cut, and penetrate, thereby giving her, by the striking, stabbing, and cutting aforesaid, one mortal wound, of the length of one inch, and of the depth of three inches, of which she instantly died. And the indictment further charges the other prisoner, Matthew Goodall , to have been present, aiding abetting, comforting, and assisting the said Robert Anderson , her the said Susannah Dell , to kill and murder; and so the jurors aforesaid, upon their oaths say, that both the said prisoners, the said Susannah Dell , feloniously, wilfully, and of their malice aforethought did kill and murder .

They were charged also on the coroner's inquisition with the like murder.

The case opened by Mr. Knowlys.

The witnesses examined separate.

JOHN DELL sworn.

I was the husband of the deceased Susannah Dell ; I live in Shawe's-court, Newtoner's lane ; on the 8th of May I left off work about seven, came to the court, my wife, was in James Field 's room in company with both the prisoners, and with Ann Laurence and James Field ; Field and Laurence live together - I went up into the room; there had been some words between Anderson and some other people either out of doors or in the room, and Robert Anderson began upon me almost directly as I came into the room: he began upon me with a naked knife and swore he would run it into me; he had the knife in his hand; I told him several times to be quiet, treated him with a pot of beer, and the landlord also treated him with a pot of beer: he began afresh, and my wife jumped up and caught hold of him by the arm and said, my dear Bob, do not hurt my husband. I told him, says I Bob, if I had a stick I would make you be quiet, but I had no stick or any thing else; he wanted me to take hold of any thing to defend myself; I took hold of nothing at all; my wife throwing Bob Anderson on the bed to keep him away from me, had hold of him round the middle, got him in her arms; she begged of him several times, my dear Bob do not hurt my husband; she did not give him an angry word then. James Field seeing Anderson so resolute with a knife, laid hold of Laurence and dragged her out of the room. - He told my wife several times that if she did not let him go he would score her - that was said before Field took Laurence out of the room; they had not been gone a minute before I saw Bob Anderson strike my wife - I saw the blood - and ran down stairs directly and cried out oh Lord! oh Lord! they have killed my wife! they have killed my wife! Goodall begged of Anderson for the knife; says he, Bob, give me the knife, I will serve it out among any of them; that was before she received the wound: he repeated those words several times; then upon my running down stairs Goodall followed me with a quart pot, and Robert Anderson with a naked knife in his hand - I did not mind what he had in his hand beside the quart pot, but he threw it at me, and said he would cut my scull open - he hit me somewhere in the body, but I did not feel where in my fright. - Then they both came round me into the street, not many yards from Shawe's-court; they had both knives then in their hands, but how Goodall came by the knife I cannot say: they said they would serve me as they had served my wife; both of them made use of those words, till John Fox coming up, and took my wife and them away from me or else I certainly should have been killed. My wife had not provoked either of them or given them any

angry words that I saw or heard: my wife lived about three quarters of an hour; she bled very much; she said not a word.

Mr. Garrow, Prisoner's Counsel. You had been at sea some time? - Yes.

How long have you been at home? - Six or seven months.

There had been an improper connection between this young man and her? - Yes, there had been; they had cohabited together, but she flew to me.

You all lived on friendly terms together. - Yes.

These people had been drinking when you came home? - They were together when I came home.

And then very unfortunately, as it should seem, there was more liquor got amongst you? - I sent for a pot of beer to keep them quiet, and my landlord another.

The expression that Goodall used in asking for the knife was while the deceased and Anderson were struggling on the bed? - Yes.

Goodall at that time, if he had any knife, had not produced it? - No, I did not see it.

He was asking this man to give him the knife? - Yes.

If the man had given him the knife he might have prevented mischief by it? - I do not know; I believe they were fully bent on murder.

You had no reason to believe so; you knew of no quarrel? - I had no reason to believe any other.


I lived directly opposite to this place where Dell and the deceased lived; I recollect the evening; on Tuesday the 8th of May last me and Robert Anderson , and Matthew Goodall , and Ann Laurence , were together at my room, and we had a pot of porter between us four, and with that Matthew Goodall and Anderson had some words together about two shillings as Goodall owed Anderson, and Anderson struck Goodall, and they were close by the window in the room, and there was a man, a sailor, hollowed out in the court to Anderson, and said, are you not ashamed; - and he said to Anderson, if you will come down stairs I will give you a good licking. Anderson ran down, and they fell to fighting, and Susan Dell hearing Anderson's voice she came up stairs and got him away from the man; that sailor was not Dell: - then Susan Dell and John Dell came up and we were all in the room, and the landlord gave us a pot of porter; we had another pot, which John Dell paid for; in the course of drinking the beer two little boys came up; says he I have brought them up to have some beer; and John Dell asked him if he was not ashamed to have a pack of little boys after him. Anderson said to Dell, what is that to you; and John Dell said to Anderson, if I could find a stick about the room I would give you a good licking, and he asked for a stick twice: Anderson immediately passed him with a knife in his hand from the window, and said take the fender if you cannot find a stick and defend yourself with; he had the knife in his hand, but it was shut at that time; with that Susan Dell ran between them and caught hold of Robert Anderson round the neck because he should not hurt her husband: with that she threw him down on the bed in her arms, and said, my dear Bob (to Henderson) do not hurt my husband: he said, let me get up Suke, or else I shall stick you with the knife; let me get up; and at that time he said to Matthew Goodall , Matt. Matt. take the knife, as he was down on the bed.

Mr. Knowlys. What did he desire him to take the knife for? - I do not know; because he did not mean to hurt the woman I believe. Goodall said give me the knife and I will serve it out, but he did not offer to take the knife.

Mr. Garrow. You say you think Goodall asked for the knife that he should not hurt the woman?

Mr. Knowlys. Was the knife open or shut at the time? - I do not know; I saw it open; she asked him to lend it to her to

cut some pig's face about ten minutes or a quarter of an hour before the accident happened and he would not; then they got up off the bed a second time, and he got from her somehow; and she fell down a second time; when Anderson got up the second time he said here is the knife, I will give it to any of you: I said leave the room to themselves; I thought there was danger; I was examined before the coroner; Robert Anderson said while the woman held him down upon the bed, if you don't get up I will score you; I then went to the bottom of the stairs and in a minute or two Dell came running down and said they have murdered Suke; the two prisoners followed Dell; I then run up stairs and saw the woman leaning against the wall; she then walked a little way, a yard or two, and then fell. Susannah Dell lived with Anderson during Dell's absence; she liked one as well as the other; I don't believe there was any malice from the prisoner to the deceased.


About five o'clock in the evening Robert Anderson and Matthew Goodall , came up into the deceased's room and they had a pot of beer, and after they had drank the beer some words arose about money between Anderson and Goodall; Anderson said he owed him half-a-crown, and Goodall said it is but two shillings and threepence, but I have no money and cannot pay you now; upon that he took up a knife and cut Goodall across the hand; he cried, and told him not to cut him; I put up my hand to prevent the knife cutting Goodall, and Anderson said if the knife frightens you I will put it down again; he then took a stick and struck Goodall, and the people in the court heard it, and a man said, are you not ashamed, come down and I will thrash you: Anderson took the knife off the table and ran down to the man who spoke to him; some blows passed, and Anderson made a push at him with the knife, which by that means was broke; Goodall came running down and I believe struck the man; Susan Dell came down and prevailed upon them to return up to her room, and presently came in the husband: Anderson and him began to joke, and then Anderson pulled out a knife to fight him with; Susan Dell said, my dear Bob don't hurt my husband; she put her arms round him and threw him on the bed; Anderson told her to let him go, if you don't let me go, I will score you, I suppose by that he meant he would cut; she did not let him go, but Goodall stood by the side of the bed; he had a pot in his hand, and he said go it, Bob, go it, give me the knife and I will serve it out; by that I suppose he meant he would cut other people; immediately James Field took hold of my right hand and pulled me out of the room. I don't know on what occasion he first pulled out the knife; as I stood at the street-door, I saw Dell run out, Anderson followed with a knife in his hand, I cannot say whether it was open or shut; I saw Goodall throw the quart pot at Dell's head, but I did not see Anderson do any thing; I went up about two minutes after and found her bleeding; she died in about half an hour afterwards.

JOHN FOX sworn.

I know the prisoners, I saw Anderson and Goodall both with knives in their hands, standing before Dell in Newtoner's-lane; I asked Dell what was the matter, and he told me that Bob Anderson had killed his wife, and they told him that they would serve him as they had done his wife; then they went away.


I am a surgeon; I was called upon to see Susannah Dell ; there was a wound on the upper part of the right breast; it appeared to have been given with a sharp instrument; it was about two inches deep; it had almost divided the axillary artery; I have no doubt of that wound being the occasion of her death.


The deceased and the witnesses with myself were all drinking together, and we were very drunk, and words arose, and Dell struck me over the shoulder with the fender; my Lord, I had too great a regard for the deceased to hurt her; Dell has got up at four o'clock in the morning and left me in bed with his wife; my Lord, he went and laid with a common prostitute the very night his wife was buried, and lives with her now.


Please you, my Lord, we were all drinking together, and Dell and Anderson quarrelled, and Dell up with the fender and struck Anderson, that is all I know.



Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice ASHURST.

Sentence of death was immediately passed on Anderson, to be executed on Monday next, and his body to be dissected and anatomized, which was done pursuant to the sentence .

Reference Number: t17920523-2

221. JOHN MOYSES was indicted for stealing, on the 24th of April , three cloath coats value 17 s. two pair of shoes value 7 s. the goods of William Sullivan , in the dwelling-house of William Williams .


The prisoner came into his lodging between 11 and 12 at night; we slept together in Long-alley ; I understood him to be a lawyer ; the prisoner came to bed; I had a trunk in the room which I suppose he broke open, I suppose so, for I went to sleep; I found the prisoner in Half-moon-alley, Bishopsgate-street, which is very near where we lodged; I laid hold of him and he struck me on the face; he went out about half past three, and it struck me it was an early hour for him to go to work. I had a new pair of shoes lying on the table, and I thought he might move them; I got out of bed and discovered that I was robbed, and put on my night-cap and an old pair of shoes (he had taken away every part of my wearing apparel) and pursued him, and took the things from him: he was taken before the Lord Mayor, and was committed.


Produces (the things mentioned in the indictment) the prisoner and the things were brought to the watch-house, he did not deny then any thing but the silk handkerchief; every thing I delivered to the prosecutor I marked before I delivered them to him; these are the things I took from the prisoner and delivered to the prosecutor.


I stopped the prisoner in Half-moon Alley, and helped to take him to the watch-house; he was running away from the prosecutor when I stopped him.

GUILTY. 39 s . (Aged 27.)

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron PERRYN .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-3

222. WILLIAM M'COUL and MARY SMITH were indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 25th of April last, a purse value 1 d. and seven guineas, one half guinea and 4 s. in monies numbered, the property of John Cogle , privily from his person .


I am an out pensioner of Chelsea College , on the 25th day of April last I lost a purse in which was seven guineas and a half and

four shillings; I went out for the purpose of buying clothing; I was much in liquor: the purse was in my waistcoat pocket; I was at the Westminster Arms, Tothill-street, Westminster ; the woman prisoner was in my company; and she asked several of her friends to drink: M'Coull came in afterwards, and they took my money; I mean the people who were in my company: - M'Coull pulled me about, and pulled my hands across the table; the woman took the money out of my pocket; the waiter saw her pull it out; I know I lost it in their company; I am very certain I had that sum of money in my pocket; I was going to buy some cloathing.


I keep the sign of the Westminster Arms, I saw the prosecutor in my house on the 25th of April, about nine o'clock in the morning; the prosecutor came in with the prisoner and called for peppermint and porter; I gave him change for half a guinea; he continued in the house till near two o'clock; I did not see him pull out his purse to pay any thing. Seeing him getting a little forward in liquor about two o'clock, I begged him to pay his reckoning and go home; he said he knew the company he was in, and was not afraid of being robbed; M'Coull came in about this time and called for a pint of porter, which was served to him; then the prosecutor said he had been robbed; and the two prisoners were gone out of the house.


I am servant to Mr. Downs; I brought in a pot of half-and-half, and asked for the money at the same time; these two prisoners went out together; another girl was sitting in the prosecutor's company, and she said the prisoner had robbed the prosecutor; I told my master.

A WITNESS sworn.

I am a soldier; I was at the Westminster Arms on this day; this old gentleman and the woman were at the Westminster Arms; I went there about three o'clock; I saw M'Coull and his companion come in; they sat down in the prosecutor's company, and drank with the prosecutor; one of them left the prosecutor's company and came and sat by me; directly after Wm. M'Coull shook hands with the prosecutor, across the table; while he was shaking hands with him, I saw the woman prisoner take the purse out of the prosecutor's right-hand pocket; she got up and went out immediately; I was afraid to meddle with her for fear they would knock my brains out, so I told the landlord.


I apprehended Mary Smith , my Lord, on the 25th of April; I found some money upon her, which I produce; also a pattern for a shift and an apron: I took her on the 27th.


I called in at this public house, and had a pint of beer, which I paid for and went away out, and don't know whether any body went out with me; I returned again to Mr. Downs's; I know nothing of it.

He called three witnesses who gave him a good character.


Please you, my Lord, to give me the grant of my money; I have nothing to say; I have only God and you gentlemen of the court.



Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice ASHURST.

Reference Number: t17920523-4

223. CHARLES BUNDY was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 17th

day of April last, one silk umbrella, value 7 s. the goods of Rebecca Bell .


I am a widow ; I can only identify.


On Tuesday, about two o'clock in the afternoon, I saw a lad put his foot on the skirting board, under the parlour window, and reached into the parlour, and took out a silk umbrella; he was pursued and taken, and the umbrella was taken upon him: I am certain the prisoner is the same person who took the umbrella; he is very materially altered: the constable has the umbrella.


I am a constable; I produce the umbrella; the prisoner is the person who was delivered to me by the last witness; the umbrella has been in my possession ever since.


I live opposite Mr. Wingfield; this is my umbrella.

Prisoner. I picked up this umbrella in Basing-lane, by the spout, and carried it along Bread-street, all the way to Watling-street.


Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

[Fine. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-5

224. GILES SALISBURY was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 26th day of April , 24 muslin neckcloths, value 20 s.; 6 1/2 calico shawls, value 20 s.; and a remnant of print, value 4 s. ; the property of Edward Nicholson .


I am a linen-draper the corner of Bridge-street ; I lost the articles mentioned in the indictment; they were found in a box of the prisoner's wife; the box was at a Mr. Hobbs's house, where his wife lived; the prisoner was my porter ; he slept at the shop on the day he was taken; I was called on by Mr. and Mrs. Hobbs, and they told me there were goods in their servant's possession that they did not suppose were honestly come by. The prisoner begged to be forgiven; I went up stairs, and in the garret was the box; I found all the articles in the indictment but the half shawl, and that she had on her neck (produces the goods, and deposes to the shawls); these shawls are marked N. M. the prisoner escaped from me; I have no doubt of the whole of these articles being my property.


The prisoner's wife lives in my house; Sunday 22d April I came from church, and the prisoner and his wife went into the yard, and my daughter told me he had brought a bundle; my wife desired me to go up and see what was brought; I went and found these shawls; on Thursday I went and informed Mr. Nicholson of my suspicions.

Mrs. ANN HOBBS sworn.

The prisoner was my servant (confirmed the testimony of the last witness.)


I am shopman to Mr. Nicholson; I speak to the goods as being Mr. Nicholson's property; we never sold six shawls together of that pattern.


I was shutting up the shop as usual, and I kicked against this bundle, and seeing it white I picked it up and carried it and put it in my wife's box.


Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

[No punishment. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-6

125. RICHARD LEWIS was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 10th day of May , one guinea , the monies of David Glover .


My father is a sugar-boiler , in Martin's Lane . On Thursday, about two o'clock, while my father's servants were taking in ten hogsheads of sugar, after two loads had been delivered and paid for, at the compting-house, the prisoner came to me, and said he had brought a load of sugar; I asked him his number? he said 395; I told him I had no silver, but desired him to call in half an hour; he objected, and begged I would let him go and get change; I gave him the guinea to get change; he never returned.


Please you, my Lord, and Gentlemen, I went along with a carman, and he advised me to give in that number: I took the guinea to get change; and going down Fish-street, the guinea slipped out of my hand into the kennel; and several people looked for it; and there was an odd sort of a man, who I would not swear did not pick it up.

The prisoner called four witnesses to his character.


Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

[Whipping. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-7

126. WILLIAM SMITH was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 17th of March last, ten live tame cock pigeons, value 20 s. eight live tame hen pigeons, value 10 s. the goods of Ann Debonnair .

A second Count, for stealing on the same day, ten live cock pigeons, value 20 s. eight live tame pigeons, value 10 s. her property, the said pigeons being then and there kept and confined in a certain pigeon-house belonging to her.

(The Case opened by Mr. Garrow.)


I live at Bromley . I saw the pigeons in question the night before they were missing; I locked them up myself; I feed them every day almost; they were of a particular sort; I missed them early next morning, between five and six, I lost eighteen; I have recovered seven, which I am perfectly sure are mine, and two I would not swear to. On Wednesday, the 21st of March, I recovered them at Mr. Wooller's; I am certain they were my property; I recovered two others the 7th of April, at Mr. Lowe's, Spitalfields, one of which I am certain of; I brought them home in the cages lent me, and turned them into the pigeon-house; they all resorted to their nests, particularly two of them that left their young behind; I have not the least doubt in the world. I know nothing of the prisoner; I saw him once before; he offered to sell me a dog within a fortnight from the time I lost my pigeons.


I keep a bird-shop facing Gray's-inn-lane, and buy and sell pigeons and fowls. I bought seven pigeons of the prisoner, in the morning, about eight; I had just come from market; it was Monday, the 19th of March; they are the same I delivered to the lady, which I bought of the prisoner; I am sure he is the man; I never saw him before; he gave me no account of them; I bought them as his property.


I live in Brown's-lane, Spitalfields. I bought three pigeons; I think it was the 4th of April; I am not certain whether I bought them of the prisoner; I kept them till I delivered them to the lady.


I am coachman to Miss Debonnair. I saw the pigeons on the day before they were lost, about a quarter before five in the morning; some tiles were taken off the

pigeon-house; I have seen them since; they are her property.


I am the footman; I know these pigeons: (produced and deposed to): they were turned into the pigeon-house, and they took to their old places; I have not the least doubt of them.

Miss Debonnair. They are my pigeons; they are tame; I valued the six at a guinea and a half, and a crown for the other; some of them are worth a guinea apiece.


I worked for Mr. Raike, cooper at Stratford, for twelve months. About nine or ten weeks past, I came to town, and stopped in Whitechapel Road, and there came in a person who I knew by sight; we had a pint of porter; he wanted to dispose of some pigeons which he had, and asked me to buy them; I said I could help him to a customer; I told him he might sell them in Holborn; he said he had a dispute with the man, and he thought, if he went with them himself, the man would not buy them; and if I would go and bargain with the man, he would pay me; so I went; the man bid me eleven shillings, which I took, and came away, and gave the man the money; we went to drink. On Thursday evening, he waited for me at the Swan in Brown's-lane, and told me he had seven more; and I sold three for five shillings and three-pence; so, my Lords and gentlemen of the Jury, you will consider in your own breasts, whether you think any person can with safety swear to the pigeon which is brought, which always shifts its feathers twice a year.

The prisoner called one witness to his character.


Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice ASHURST.

[Imprisonment. See summary.] [Whipping. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-8

127. WILLIAM CROPPER and ANN MOUNTAIN , otherwise his wife , WILLIAM POTTS , and JAMES MESSER , were indicted for burglariously and feloniously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of John Bateman , about the hour of two in the night, on the 18th of April last, and burglariously stealing therein, twelve plain gold rings, value 48 s. twelve twist and cut gold rings, value 24 s. twelve pair of gold ear-rings, value 7 l. nine gold breast-pins, value 7 s. twelve gold seals, value 15 l. twelve gold trinkets, value 48 s. three dozen of gold fancy rings, value 50 s. fifty pair of silver shoe-buckles, value 50 l. eight pair of silver sugar-tongs, value 48 s. a silver pap-spoon, value 5 s. five silver salt-spoons, value 15 s. three silver caster-tops, value 3 s. five silver salts, value 3 l. five dozen of silver teaspoons, value 8 l. four silver butter-ladles, value 50 s. two dozen of gold and silver shirt-pins, value 3 l. eight silver bladed knives, value 40 s. five pair of paste shoe-buckles, set in silver, value 4 l. a dozen of silver pencil-cases, value 40 s. a base-metal candlestick, plated with silver, value 15 s. a ditto coffee-pot, value 20 s. a ditto half-pint mug, value 10 s. a dozen of paste stock-buckles, set in silver, value 40 s. a base-metal tankard, value 10 s. two pair of base-metal buckles, value 8 s. two ivory tooth-pick cases, mounted with gold, value 15 s. two silver baskets, value 30 l. a tortoiseshell caddy-spoon, value 18 d. forty fancy buckles, value 4 l. a pair of black stone knee-buckles, set in base metal, value 4 s. three pair of base-metal knee-buckles, value 4 s. his property .

(The Case opened by Mr. Garrow.)


I live in Little Red-lion-street, Whitechapel : I am a silver-smith , gold-smith , and hardware-man . I went to bed, I think, at twelve, on the evening of the 18th of April; I am sure my house and shop were safe; in the morning we were alarmed between four and five; when I came down, I found several of the drawers laying on the floor

empty, and the greater part of the things gone; I had been robbed of between two and three hundred pounds; the hearth-stone had been broken of a cellar that we let to Mr. M'Cray, an oil-man; my kitchen is on the ground-floor, over Mr. M'Cray's cellar; the hearth part was arched with bricks; Mr. M'Cray has a separate entrance, quite distinct; I lost all the articles mentioned in the indictment, and I believe a good deal more; the prices are low and fair, and much under the real value; I believe I got a warrant against Cropper, from Mr. Staples, between six and seven; I went with the officer to search Cropper's house, between seven and eight o'clock that same morning; when we came to Cropper's, we saw three or four men sitting by the fire, in Cropper's house; I do not know that I knew them; we left some people with them, and Cooke an officer, and Mr. Edge, went up stairs; and I went up also, and found Cook the officer, searching Cropper's wife; I saw them take out of her pocket, a pair of silver sugar-tongs, six silver tea-spoons, and two silver shoe-buckles, which are in the indictment; I said they were my property; she was taken to the watch-house; in the soil of the necessary I found a great many chapes and tongues which had been knocked out of the silver buckles; Mr. Cropper was up stairs; they took him and the others; I staid with Mr. Edge, to search the house; Cohen, a witness, came to the window, and seeing something the matter, he ran away; I ran after him with a little iron crow which I found in the house; I took him to my house; he produced nothing at that time; I got another warrant to search his house; in his wife's pocket we found half a dozen silver tea-spoons, my property, and mentioned in the indictment; then they took Cohen's wife to the office; we found no further property; I did not see the bottle-stands found; I did not see Potts at Cropper's house; Messer I think was there, but I am not certain; Cropper was up stairs when I saw him, which was about half an hour after; I do not know it was Cropper's house; I never saw Cropper before.

Prisoner Cropper. Which way did they get into the cellar? - I suppose through the door.

Have you any servants that sleep in the house? - To be sure, in a room adjoining the shop; it is a long way from where they lay to where the persons got in.

Court. Could this disturbance have been made in the shop, without their hearing? - I think I should have heard it; but as they went to bed late, they might not hear it.

Prisoner. How high was the archway? - Not so high as this sounding-board.

Do you think it possible that a person in my situation (being lame) could get into such a place? - The Jury must judge of that.

Can you positively swear to the things that were taken out of my wife's pocket? - I can, and have, with the exception of the table-spoon.


I was one of the headboroughs of Whitechapel. I went to Cropper's house before five in the morning, before Mr. Bateman went; when I came to Cropper's house, I clapped my back against the window, and heard a nicking; I stood there, and called to a publican for something to drink; his name is Moody; Cropper came by from Petticoat-lane; he spoke to me; I was at a little distance from Cropper's, about five yards off, on the same side of the way; he passed Moody's house, and then came up to me; he passed me, coming from Petticoat-lane, to go to his own house; in the doing which, he must pass me; I was calling to Moody for something to drink; Cropper said, Moody will not be up this hour and a half; I said he must get up; Cropper was alone, and went past me to his own house; it was quite day-light; as Cropper passed me, his right shoulder was dirty with dry mortar, apparently from a broken wall, as though he had squeezed through a broken brick wall; I took particular notice of that, and that his countenance fell a little; after

Cropper was in, Messer passed me with his handkerchief under his coat, and something in it, of the size of a hat-crown; he knocked at Cropper's door, and a voice within, Who is there? Messer said, It is me; the door was opened, and in he went; he returned out the same way in about two minutes; in about five minutes after, the prisoner Potts came out from Cropper's with a common corn-sack, and something in it; I followed him; when I came near to Petticoat-lane, I took it off his shoulders; I asked him what he had? he said, a few things he was going to take to market; they appeared to be such as Mr. Bateman said he had lost; they were plated goods, and some small articles in silver; I asked him where he had them, he said from Mr. Cropper; I asked him who Mr. Cropper was? he said he lived in Wentworth-street, and kept an old iron-shop; that was the house from whence he came out; I lodged him in the watch-house, and passed Cropper's, and went into Moody's; Cropper came in presently, and asked Moody for change for a 20 l. note? this might be about half past six; Moody said he could not; then he asked for change for a 10 l. note? Moody said he could not: Cropper went away, and his wife came for a kettle of water; then Mr. Bateman and two runners came to me with a warrant; and in the front parlour, by the fire, we found Mrs. Cropper, Mercer, and two men that were discharged; we handcuffed the men: Mrs. Cropper went up stairs; Cooke searched her in my presence, and found on her several silver articles: we found nothing in the house; but in the privy I found a quantity of tongues and chapes of buckles: Cohen was then taken; and in searching Mrs. Cohen, Cooke found in my presence, in her pocket, some other silver articles; they were committed the next day: Cohen delivered up the plate, and gave an account of the transaction: the things I found on Potts, I have kept ever since, sealed up: (produced and deposed to): and those that were found in the privy; a tortoiseshell tea-caddy, a plated candlestick, a plated mustard-pot, one plated salt-cellar, a plated bottle-stand, and three rims of plated buckles, with the chapes out, and a plated coffee-pot; that is all I found on Potts; these I found in the privy; I have not counted them; I think there is about three dozen; these are the buckles which Cooke took; I cannot say where he got them; he delivered them to me; they are all the rims of silver buckles; they are all broke, but all new.

Prisoner Cropper Will he take upon him to say he found those things in my necessary? - I cannot say it was his: another house opened into the same yard.

Cropper. My Lord, it was open to five houses.

Edge. I saw only two; there might be more.

How did I behave when you and Mr. Bateman came? - With as much civility as a man could do.

What sort of dirt did you see on my shoulder? - It appeared to be dry mortar, by rubbing against some place, with pressure on his right shoulder.

Why did not you take me into custody? - I do not believe he had any thing about him; nothing appeared to me, and I did not think it prudent.


I am one of the headboroughs. I went to Cropper's house with Mr. Bateman, on the 19th of April last, between five and six in the morning, with Bateman, Edge, and West: there were three men in the house; Messer was one; the other two were discharged: on Mrs. Cropper I found this property; six silver tea-spoons, new, tied together, one pair of silver sugar-tongs, two odd silver shoe-buckles, new; I took them to Justice Staples; but before that, in came Cropper, and I asked him if he had any thing about him? he said he had only a 25 l. bank note, and three or four guineas in gold; this was the bank note; I left it in the care of the magistrate, and took the No. 3997, in two places; this is my memorandum of the number; then I took them to a public house near; Cropper, his

wife and others; I searched further at Cropper's, and found nothing: I went to Cohen's, and in Mr. Cohen's pocket I found six silver tea spoons, new; I saw them sealed up and left in the care of the magistrate; I am certain they are the same: the prosecutor, Mr. Edge, and some other gentlemen, were present; I found nothing else: Cohen gave in this parcel in the afternoon of that day, which has been with the magistrate ever since; here is my writing on it: these are table spoons, tea spoons, several sugar tongs, a boatswain's whistle, all new, and the other bundle which I gave to Edge, containing rims of silver buckles; I know nothing more.

Prisoner Cropper. What sort of dirt had I on my waistcoat and coat, which the justice asked me about, a kind of spots? - I do not recollect it.

Do not you remember a day before that I was white-washing and yellow-ochring my room a day or two before? - Yes I do.

Did not I take both you and Mr. Bateman and Mr. Edgehall about the house, and shew you the loft? - Yes.

Mr. Garrow. At the time he was white washing his room was he in his coat or his waistcoat? - I believe he was in his waistcoat, but I cannot recollect; I had no business with him.

Prisoner Cropper, Do not you remember saying to me, why do not you strip and employ your man? - I do not.

Mr. Garrow to Mr. Edge. Had the appearance of the right shoulder of his coat, when he passed you, the appearance which could be occasioned by wet mortar from the brush of a white washer, or what you described before? - It had not the appearance of wet mortar, but of dry mortar rubbed on; I did not observe the spots on the waistcoat.


You are a dealer I understand? - I delivered some things before the magistrate; I received them from Mr. Cropper in the morning, between six and seven, the morning of the afternoon when I delivered them.

Where did you see him? - At my house. In the morning I saw nobody but William Cropper . I live in Wentworth-street, No. 126, some doors from him; he came and brought me that silver, and said Mr. Cohen, I must have thirty pounds; so I just looked in; I saw there were buckles and spoons; and I went up stairs and took the plate, and brought him down a twenty-five pounds bank note, and five guineas in gold; I said to him, Mr. Cropper, does this come to thirty pounds? he said, whether it comes to thirty pounds or not I shall bring you some more goods, and then we will settle; before he went away I asked him how long he would be before he brought the other goods? he said he would not be long; then in half an hour or three quarters, Mr. Cropper did not come, and I went to his house; I knocked at the door, which was shut; the window was half shut; some girl said, you cannot come in; I went away, and Mr. Bateman came after me and took me; then I went to Mr. Bateman's house; and when I came to the justice I told him I desired to be sworn in, and I delivered them up; the silver found on my wife she took out of the number; I was angry with her for taking them, because we had not settled; there was some red ink writing on the bank note, and my name in Hebrew characters; I had bought goods very often before of Mr. Cropper, all sorts of goods; I am a pretty general dealer; they were only fit for the melting pot.

Prisoner Cropper. In what manner do you buy silver? - I gave him always four shillings and sixpence an ounce before: there was no bargain about this: I saw nobody besides him: he brought it and said, here is some silver, and I must have thirty pounds.

How long is it ago since you was tried at this bar? - About four years and a half.

What was you tried for? - For stealing of pots: I was never in goal: I was indicted and surrendered.

Your wife was convicted. Was you ever an evidence against a man and his wife at

Hicks's Hall? - Yes: so was you: I bought some bandanas for smuggled: I was a witness for the crown; I was the informer.

What did you swear you gave for the two pieces of Bandana handkerchiefs you produced on the first examination? - I cannot say above two pounds.

What was the number of the note he says I gave him? - I cannot read English, and do not know: Mr. Cropper said he would give twenty pounds to any body that gets me into trouble; and a woman who was tried yesterday said I had bought some things of her; and it was a false charge. (The note deposed to.) I am positive it is the note I gave him.


I am a Jewess. I live in Wentworth-street. I know Mr. Cropper: I heard him come to my husband: I did not see him: I knew his voice: my husband bought some silver of him: I was just getting up: he brought it up stairs and put it on the table.

Mr. Garrow. Had you the curiosity (women they say seldom have) to look into it? - Yes; and I took six tea-spoons: my husband was angry because he had not settled with Mr. Cropper: I did not see what he gave for them: I took no notice of any thing but of the half dozen tea-spoons.

In the God's speed came Mr. Cooke and took them out of your pocket.

Prisoner Cropper. How many bank notes did I give your husband? - I did not see one.

Did not somebody bring your husband a twenty-five pounds bank note that morning? - No, they did not.

Upon your oath did not you pull out your pocket book and say you had twenty-five bank notes in your pocket? - No, Sir; I did not see one at all.


I am son of Mr. Cohen. I was at home when Mr. Cropper came: I came in between six and seven and found Cropper in the kitchen; says I, Mr. Cropper, what are you by yourself? he said, yes, your father is gone up stairs; then my father came down, and he said, Mr. Cropper, here is a twenty-five pounds bank note and five guineas in cash: Mr. Cropper said, I shall be here presently again, and settle for every thing; I did not know for what: I saw my father give him a note and some money, but I did not know what note, only what my father said: I was taken into custody when I went after my father.

Prisoner Cropper. What passed between you and me at the publick-house near the magistrates? - I said my father was taken into custody.

(The things deposed to.) First the property produced here by Cooke, part of that which Cohen bought; here are some buckle-rims without private marks, R. U.

(The things deposed to that were found on Potts.) There is some blood on the rims of the buckles: next those tongues and chapes found in the privy appearing to belong to those rims in size, and number, and shape: some of them are marked with our mark: here is not the whole of the chapes: here is a black stone knee-buckle set in base metal.

Mr. Garrow. That is of no meltable value? - No. Here is one chape amongst them with my private mark; I have no doubt but they are my property: next the things found in Mrs. Cropper's pocket; on the sugar tongs our private mark, and on the tea spoons, and on one of the buckles, and I remember the other buckle; next the things found in Mrs. Cohen's pocket; and the bundle produced before the Justice by Mr. Cohen, consisting of salt spoons and all manner of articles; this is one salt-cellar we have sometimes used in the house and marked with a D. a great many are marked with our private mark; upon the whole I believe these to be all my property: I suppose these things are not worth thirty pounds in the state they are in; they are fairly worth more than twenty-five pounds as silver: my house is a quarter of a mile from Cropper's house


You understand that the house that I live in is let out to casualty lodgers; and in the morning this was done two men who were apprehended were in my shed; they lodged in my house; these two men I did hear sold the property to Mr. Cohen; and the two men that were in the shed asked this man, Potts, to take these things on his back to London bridge, and if any body should ask him who gave them to him, to say that it was me that gave them to him: the chief witness that is coming in is a woman that was servant to me, that will swear I was in bed: a woman that I kept to do about the place, she has been taken sick and forced to go into the hospital, St. Thomas's hospital, that knows I was not out of my habitation till a quarter after five in the morning: it was a thing impossible for a person in the situation I am to do such a thing as that was; I am scarce able to stand or walk without crutches or a stick.


Please you, my lord, he told me to carry these things.

Cropper. My lord, he says two men gave them to him.

Who hired you to carry them? - Cropper.

Cropper. I did not think it necessary to call any witnesses.

The prisoner Potts called one witness who gave him a very good character.




Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

Reference Number: t17920523-9

128. JOHN WILLIAMS was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 11th day of May , one guinea , the monies of John Blackburne , Esq .

A second count for stealing two guineas, the monies of John Blackburne . Esq.


On Friday, the 11th of May, I had reason to suspect some money had been taken out of my bureau, and being willing to find out the offender, the beginning of the week before last I marked seven guineas and a half, and placed them near a canvass bag in the bureau; I marked them with a cross under the curl of the George side of the guinea; the escrutore I then locked, and gave the key to Mrs. Blackburne; and upon coming to the escrutore on the Wednesday morning I found it open, and one of the marked guineas taken out; on Friday, the 11th of May, the prisoner brought with him ten pounds, in guineas, half guineas, and silver, all of which were particularly marked in the O of George; this ten pounds so marked we put into the canvass bag to the six guineas and a half that were left; on my return from the House of Commons, about nine o'clock, I found the bureau again opened; on examining the bag I discovered two guineas and a half were gone; on this I went to Mr. Potter, and desired him to come down and do what we could to discover the offender; I called all the servants into the parlour and desired Mr. Potter would search; upon searching John Williams we found two marked guineas in his purse.


I searched Williams myself; this is the purse and these the two guineas; (produced) these two guineas were put into a canvass bag, (shewn to the jury).

Mrs. BLACKBURNE sworn.

I kept the key of the bureau all the day after Mr. Blackburne had locked it; I never opened it or gave the key to any body; the bureau was in my dressing room, and other servants had certainly access to it.


Mrs. Blackburne having lost money from

her bureau, on Thursday, the 10th of May, Mrs. Blackburne shewed me six guineas and a half, in a canvass bag: one guinea that was found on the prisoner, I am sure was in the canvass bag on Thursday morning.

Prisoner. I leave it to my counsel.

The prisoner called four witnesses who gave him a good character.


Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice ASHURST.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-10

229. JOHN FITZGERALD was indicted for feloniously assaulting John Stanyard , on the king's highway, on the 6th of May , putting him in fear, and feloniously taking from his person, and against his will, one man's hat, value 6 s. his property .


I was robbed of my hat on the 6th of May. The prisoner knocked me down, and knocked off my hat, in Parker's-lane , and several more came up to me after: I cannot say who took my hat; they were all of a company: when I got up, I asked him for my hat, and he damned my eyes, and said I should not have it any more. A woman came out with a bowl, and several men came out with tongs, pokers, and fire-shovels, and the prisoner with a brick; I watched the prisoner into the house; then I ran away, and saw no more of him.


The prosecutor came and informed me of the robbery; he had lost his hat, and his coat was ripped up the back: I went down along with him to recover his hat, with two or three more, to a house he shewed us, in Parker's-lane: I asked the people for my friend's hat? I asked them a second time, and the prisoner and others came out; the prisoner with part of a brick in his hand, another with a pair of tongs, another with a poker, and another with a large hand-saw, and another with a stick: we did not get the hat; but the prisoner came up to me, and took my hat off my head, and threw the piece of brick at my head; they swore, b - r their eyes, if they would not kill every Englishman that came along the place.


I followed, and saw them go to a house in Parker's-lane, and demanded a hat, and a woman, and four or five more, came out, as before described; they all fell on the prosecutor, and beat him terribly; they did not give him his hat. Confirmed the last witness.


I apprehended the prisoner; and a woman came out with a child tied to her back, and a large pair of scissars open in her hand; she said she would kill the first bloody thief that came there; then she took up a poker, then a large iron shovel; she strove to beat me; and with great difficulty I got him down to Bow-street.


I live at No. 13, in Parker's-lane, a hard labouring man; I have known him three years. (The rest of the prisoner's witnesses ordered to go out of court.) I came to prove I saw the first of this row.

You was one that was there? - Yes; I stood at my own door, and there was a row in the street; some gentlemen were coming up, and one of them said, Troth Pat, which way does the bull run? There was another of our country folks apprehended the word, and he struck at the man.

Court. Who asked that? Which way does the bull run? - This young man with the fair hair, the prosecutor.

Prosecutor. I never said such a word.

Rawley. Another man apprehended the word, and he followed him and struck him, this young man.

Who struck him? - I do not know rightly; he was knocked down; when he got up, he ran as hard as ever he could lay legs to the ground, and away with him,

without a hat; and Fitzgerald was not in the case, any more than your Lordship.

Who had the hat? - I do not know; but I am ready to take my oath that Fitzgerald was not in the first row; and he lost his hat in the first row.

Prosecutor. I cannot positively say that this man was in the affray; but I verily believe he was the man that had the tongs.

Rawley. No, I had not the hat indeed.


I know that I was in the house at the same time that there was a gentleman came; and this lad, Stanyard, came without a hat or coat; and they said they would break the house, if we did not produce the hat.

What did Fitzgerald do; did he come out to fight them? - No, he did not come out at all.


The prisoner lodged in the same house with me. Between three and four in the afternoon, I was there; I came home about two, and the prisoner was in the house all the time; the dispute began between three and four, and the prisoner was opposite the house, and was in the house at the time of the first row; and he never knew any thing about it.

What did he come for? - He came for his hat, and said he would break the windows to pieces.

Prosecutor. My Lord, these witnesses came last night, and offered me money to make it up; five or six of them.

The prisoner called one witness who gave him a good character.

GUILTY , Death .

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice ASHURST.

Reference Number: t17920523-11

230. HANNAH WARBURTON was indicted for feloniously assaulting Mary Milner on the King's highway, on the 16th of April last, and putting her in fear, and feloniously taking from her person and against her will, a paper band box value 2 s. one pair of black Morocco shoes value 4 s. two necklaces value 20 s. a pair of pockets value 2 s. six handkerchiefs value 6 s. and divers other things, her property .

And JOHN MATTHEWS was indicted for feloniously receiving a parcel, part of the said goods, knowing them to be stolen .


On the 16th of April I was stopped and robbed; I was coming out of Harris's-court, Oxford-street , it was about 11 at night: Hannah Warburton took the box from me and gave it to another woman; there were no words passed, it was gone in a moment, she clicked it away; I had it in my hand then, she knocked me down on the pavement, and then she stamped upon me; I got up, and then there came some gentlemen to me; I kept the bundle; she has rendered me incapable of getting my bread, she has hurt me so. There were upwards of 30 l. in money and things in the box, I never recovered any of them; the pawnbrokers have some of them.


I am a pawnbroker; I produce some articles which were pledged with me by the prisoner Matthews; he brought some of them in the forenoon, and some in the afternoon on the 17th of April; I stopped him in the afternoon.


These things are all mine.


My Lords, I am an officer; on the 17th of April the pawnbroker sent for me to take Matthews into custody.


On the night of the 16th of April, past 11 o'clock, I heard a noise in Oxford-street, and watch called; I ran and asked what was the matter; Mary Milner told me, that the prisoner at the bar had robbed her, and knocked her down, and trod upon her; I took her in custody to the watch-house: I am a patrol.

JOHN DAVIS another patrol sworn,

Who confirmed the testimony of the last witness, and added, that he conducted her to a magistrate next morning; the prisoner said she would not be had in that manner; she said that Sarah Matthews was with her the night before, when she took the box. The inspector of the watch was walking with the prosecutrix; I called him, and she told him the same, and we went to her lodgings but did not find her.


I am a shoebinder by trade; I had been to Adam-and-Eve-court to take home my work; coming near to the end of Berwick-street, she was stooping down I believe, and somebody came behind me and pushed me over the woman; when I recovered myself I got up and gave the woman the bundle and her pattens; she was not sober.

To Davis. Did you not see me deliver the pattens to her? - When I came up I believe she did give her one patten.


I found the things at the corner of the church-yard, St. Giles's; I lodge there; several waggons go in and out of that yard; I did not take all the things out of the bundle.



Transported for fourteen years .

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice ASHURST.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-12

231. ANDREW DAVIS was indicted for feloniously assaulting the Right Hon . George Marquis of Huntley on the King's highway, on the 12th day of May last, and putting him in fear, and feloniously taking from his person, and against his will, six guineas and a variety of wearing apparel, his property .


On the 12th of May I was robbed about a quarter of a mile from Cranford-bridge , about 20 minutes before 12: one man ran up to the horses heads and stopped the chaise, and another came to the chaise door, on the left-hand side; he had a bayonet; the man who was at the horses heads, came round to the other side where I was sitting and opened the door and came into the carriage with a pistol in his hand; he put his pistol to my breast, and with an oath desired me to deliver my money: I took out five or six guineas, I am not certain; he delivered the money to the other man: there were two gentlemen in the chaise with me; one of the robbers then said, as you have no more money, I must have your chaise seat: the man with the pistol said, come, Jack, and he took the chaise seat out; he came back and said, you must have more money, I am sure of it, and I will make another search; he searched my pockets, and found another guinea; he then searched another gentleman, and they went off; the night was so dark that I cannot swear to him; we went on to Cranford-bridge: I immediately tried to get the servants at Cranford-bridge to pursue them; four of them turned out immediately; we returned back with three men behind the carriage to Hounslow, but saw nobody; I then went to town, and lodged an information at Bow-street; when I was in town, I received an express from Mr. Palmer, informing me that one of the men was taken; I returned to Cranford-bridge, and saw the prisoner; he denied being the person.


I am servant to the Marquis of Huntley; I had been detained in town after my Lord set off; I met his Lordship returning to town at Hounslow; my Lord ordered me to go on to Windsor, with Mr. Palmer, and we had two dragoons behind, and two before the chaise; but on consideration, we thought it best to make the two in front get down when we arrived near the place at which my Lord was robbed; the dragoons seeing a man coming towards the chaise, jumped down, and Mr. Palmer got out of the chaise and seized him; there was a bayonet found near his heels: when he was searched in Covent-garden watch-house, there were five pair of silk stockings, and a waistcoat found upon him.


The prisoner is the same man that was taken by Mr. Palmer: I searched the prisoner, and found five pair of silk stockings and this waistcoat; (produced and deposed to by Menzie); four guineas, and two half-guineas, and four shillings.


I was in the chaise with my Lord Huntley, and Mr. Horton; we were stopped near Cranford-bridge (confirms the testimony of Lord Huntley and of Menzie); at day light we went to look for the things, and found them scattered about upon the heath, almost the whole of them; we likewise found this trunk.

Jury. Did he attempt to run away from you? - I really cannot say, the night was so exceeding dark.


I am one of the dragoons; I saw a man run across the road; I was behind the chaise, and I jumped down and gave the signal to Mr. Palmer, and he ran and seized him; I held one of his arms and my comrade held the other; Mr. Palmer searched him, and a bayonet dropped down close to my leg; it dropped on my foot.


(Aged 23.)

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron PERRYN .

Lord Huntley and the Jury recommended him to mercy.

Reference Number: t17920523-13

232. JAMES CARROLL was indicted for feloniously making an assault, on the King's highway, upon George Oliver , on the 7th of May , and putting him in fear, and taking one linen handkerchief value 10 d. one silver watch value 3 l. a chain and seals value 2 s. his property .


On the 7th of May I was stopped in Plumbtree-street, Bloomsbury , by the prisoner; I was going to - street, and there was a bear which attracted a young woman's notice who was walking with me, linked in my arm; this man was following us, and presently after he thrust his hand into my right coat pocket, and the young woman seized the handkerchief the same time that the prisoner had hold of it; he let go the handkerchief; he began to run, and I ran after him into the middle of Dyot-street, there he made a full stand, and faced me in a posture as I thought to knock me down: I was immediately knocked down, and rendered insensible; I cannot recollect who knocked me down; when I came to myself I had lost my watch and chain, and callico handkerchief.


I was with Mr. Oliver on the 7th of May, there was a bear going down Plumbtree-street, which excited my curiosity; the prisoner was close on my back, and I thought he wanted to get by, I gave him the wall,

and he would not go by; he made a long stop, and put his hand in Oliver's pocket; the handkerchief was half way out of his pocket, and I caught hold of it; then he let go, and turned round and ran away; Oliver pursued him.

MARY HINE sworn.

I was in the street, and saw the prisoner knock the prosecutor down; he had a stick in his hand.


I am one of the officers who took him for this robbery about three or four days after; I took him to the watch-house, and informed the gentleman's servant who had been knocked down the Monday night before.

Christopher Sanders , and another, apprehended him with Wright.


I was going along; I know nothing of the robbery.

GUILTY , Death .

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice ASHURST.

Reference Number: t17920523-14

233. SARAH RANDAL was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 19th of May , one black silk bonnet value 12 d. a silk cloak value 15 s. a linen gown value 18 s. a callico handkerchief value 12 d. a pair of stays value 3 s. a woollen apron value 12 d. a cotton shawl value 12 d. a stuff petticoat value 2 s. a linen cap value 6 d. the property of Elizabeth Reynolds , widow , in the dwelling-house of Elizabeth King , widow .


On Friday night, the 19th of May, I lost the things in the indictment: I met the prisoner, and asked her for a lodging; she threw an old white bed gown over me, and a piece of a red skirt; she dragged me along to a lone place: I never was a witness before in my life; she used me very ill, and I have never been well ever since I met with her, and she took me home to sleep with her.


I have got a petticoat and handkerchief; I went into the Three Tuns, in St. Margaret's Church-yard; I saw the prosecutrix in a very deplorable condition; she said she had been robbed, and I went after Randall.


I was at the Three Tuns, in St. Margaret's Church-yard; Mrs. Reynolds was sitting there, and said she had been robbed, but did not know by whom or where; we took her to Peter-street , and she said that is the house where the woman threw me down stairs; I searched the house, and in her apartment I found this bonnet hung up, this cloak was in the table drawer, and this apron and cap were on the bed.


I am an apprentice to Brown and Ashman; they are pawnbrokers; the prisoner pledged with me on the 19th of May a pair of stays for 4 s. (produces them) she pawned them in the name of Sarah Dicks , for her mother.


I am a watchman; I found the prosecutrix in Fleet's-gardens; she was naked, except a small bed gown and pink petticoat, and two flannel petticoats: she said she had been robbed; I took her to the watch-house.


I am a patrol; I took the prisoner, and in her pocket was found a duplicate: I know the prisoner very well.


I met the prosecutrix - I took no things.

GUILTY, Stealing, 39 s .

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron PERRYN .

[Fine. See summary.] [Imprisonment. See summary.] [Provide sureties for good behaviour. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-15

234. ALEXANDER MASON was indicted for stealing, on the 23d day of May , a leather pocket book value 2 s. the goods of Robert Meene , Esq .


I lost my pocket book on the 23d of May last in the King's Mews ; it may be of the value of 2 s. or less; I heard somebody call out, and I turned short round and saw the prisoner in custody, and another person gave me my pocket book.

JAMES TRING , sworn.

I am a seaman; I was in the King's Mews and saw a lad take a pocket book out of this gentleman's coat pocket; he was taken into custody; Capt . Meene has the pocket book.


I picked it up.

GUILTY, Stealing 1 s .

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-16

235. GEORGE PEPLOW was indicted for stealing a steel elastic truss, value 5 s. the goods of George Squire , privily from his person .


I live near Carnaby-market; I went to Hammersmith; I was in Hyde-park ; there was a review: somebody picked my pocket of a truss; about four hours afterwards it was brought to my house by these two men.


About four o'clock in the afternoon I saw this lad and another picking pockets; when he was in the watch-house he endeavoured to slide the truss away.


I am a publican; Sanders and I took this man (corroborates the testimony of the last witness); Sanders has kept the truss ever since.


I was in Hyde-park, and stooping down by an arch to ease myself, I saw a paper lying with a truss in it, and I picked it up and opened it; I cannot read, but I saw writing upon it, and clapt it into my pocket: I was tried at Hicks's-hall to-day, and am to be transported seven years for that; and I am as innocent of that as I am of this.

GUILTY, 10 d .

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-17

236. WILLIAM HEYLAND was indicted for stealing, on the 2d of April , a linen sheet, value 2 s. and a flannel petticoat value 6 d. the goods of Joseph Hudson .


I live with Mr. Hudson, in Berwick-street, Soho ; on Monday the second of April, I hung a linen sheet on the line in the yard, and a flannel petticoat; I went into the yard, and then I went on an errand; on my return I met the prisoner, he slipped out at the door; I went into the yard, and missed the sheet; I saw a bundle under his arm.


On the second of April I was in possession of a house, No. 3, Husband-street, the prisoner came to that house, and asked for Mr. Francis; he said he had something to sell; I took it from him, and have kept it ever since.


The sheet is marked I. H. No. 6, (the petticoat and sheet deposed to).


This is my petticoat; my grandfather pays for my clothes; he paid for this petticoat.


Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

[Imprisonment. See summary.] [Whipping. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-18

237. WILLIAM CLEWER was indicted for stealing, on the 9th of April last, a blue cloth coat value 12 s. the goods of Meletrior Middleditch , and one velveret waistcoat value 2 s. the goods of John Willins .


I live in Bond-street ; I lost a man's cloth coat from my lodgings on Monday the 9th of April at six o'clock in the evening.


I lodge in the same room with Middleditch, his coat and my waistcoat are the only things that are found; my waistcoat was lost at the time; they were all safe at six o'clock.


I produce a velveret waistcoat; I had it from the prisoner the 9th of April; I gave him a duplicate.


I am servant to a pawnbroker; I produce the coat; I received it of the prisoner on Monday the 9th of May.


I am an officer of Litchfield-street; I searched the prisoner, and took two duplicates from the prisoner; they are the duplicates of the clothes produced.


I had a brother going to the country, and I wanted some clothes to send my brother into the country; I met a Jew in Oxford-street, and he had these things hanging upon his arm; and I agreed for 14 s. 6 d. but I had not money enough, so I pawned the coat to raise the rest of the money.

GUILTY . (Aged 22.)

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice ASHURST.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-19

238. ELIZABETH DOZELL was indicted for stealing, on the 3d of May , a cotton gown value 10 s. a muslin apron value 4 s. and two pair of stockings value 2 s. the property of John Lacon ; and a muslin handkerchief value 1 s. the property of Dorothy Mills .

ANN LACON sworn.

I am the wife of John Lacon ; we live in Davies-street, Berkley-square ; I have lost the artitcles named in the indictment; the prisoner was our servant about a month; she wished to leave me one night about 10 o'clock; Thursday the third of May, in the morning, I let her go: we found some of the things at her lodgings; I found a cotton gown, a muslin apron, two pair of stockings; I gave the things to the officer; they were open in the room, not concealed.


I live at Mr. Mills's; I lost a muslin handkerchief; it was laying in the room; I have seen it at the lodgings of the prisoner.


I am an officer of Bow-street; I produce a cloak and some ribbon, which I took from the prisoner.


I searched the prisoner's lodgings, and found these articles (produces a gown, &c.) prosecutrix deposes to the things.

Prisoner. Gentlemen, I am very young, and I hope you will shew mercy.


Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

[Imprisonment. See summary.] [Fine. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-20

239. JOHN GILPIN was indicted for stealing, on the 4th day of May , thirty-four pounds of bar iron value 2 s. the goods of Jeremiah Smith .


I lost a bar of iron; I suspected the prisoner, because he remained in the shop after the men went to dinner; then he went round to the back door of the front shop, and I saw him come away with the bar of iron; I stopped him, and asked him where he was going to sell it; he said, in Petticoat-lane: the prisoner was employed as porter or odd man .

Prisoner. I leave it to the mercy of the Court.


Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-21

240. GEORGE HANSON was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 30th day of April , one live cock fowl value 6 d. and two live hen fowls value 12 d. and one iron padlock value 1 d. the goods of William Wilder .


I keep the Green Man at Ball's-pond ; I lost one cock and two hens on the 29th of April; I had seen them in the afternoon before they were missed; I was in bed, and my girl came and told me at 8 o'clock, that the fowls were all killed; I got up and found the stable door open and the padlock gone; I saw the fowls the same day at Justice Clarke's; I saw the padlock there; I know it is mine; I know the fowls, there was a white hen and a brown one, and a cock; they were in a bag dead, with their feathers on them.


I am a patrol; between three and four o'clock on the 29th of April, I saw two men coming across the brickfields; I went up towards them, thinking them suspicious people; I asked them what they had in the bag and they said a young child; I insisted on seeing what they had got; I put my hand into the bag, and pulled out a warm fowl; I brought him to the watch-house, and found a padlock in his breeches, and a bloody razor, with which he had cut one of the fowls heads off; the other man ran off; the fowls are not here, for I eat one myself, and I know they were dead, because all their heads were off.

The prisoner called seven witnesses who gave him a good character.


Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

[Imprisonment. See summary.] [Whipping. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-22

241. GEORGE SMITH , alias SWALLOW , was indicted for falsly and feloniously making, forging, and counterfeiting, and causing to be falsly and feloniously made, forged, and counterfeited, and willingly acting and assisting in the false making, forging, and counterfeiting, a certain power of attorney, purporting to be signed by one John Clark , brother and administrator of Edward Clark , deceased, late a mariner on board the Kent merchantman, with the mark of him, the said John Clark , and to be sealed and delivered by the said John Clark , appointing and authorizing the said George Smith , alias Swallow, by the name and description of Mr. George Smith , of Oxford-street, in the county of Middlesex, gentleman, to receive of and from Paul Pease , a certain sum of money, with intent to defraud the said Paul Pease , against the statute .

(Mr. Garrow opened the Case.)


I was master of the ship Kent , in the South Wale Fishery: the owners names are Samuel Enderby , the elder, Samuel Enderby , the younger, Charles Enderby , and George Enderby. I saw the prisoner

on or about the 22d of March, and he informed me he was sent from the Commons to inquire after Thomas Hurry , late a seaman on board the ship Kent, which I then commanded, and was killed on board that ship, in his passage home; I told him there was no such person on board as Hurry; he said seamen very frequently changed their names; he said that his friend from the west had applied to the Commons, to obtain what wages might be due to him; I told him there were two men killed; he asked for their names on a slip of paper; I gave him the names of Clark and Cattlebasher; that the wages of Cattlebasher were already paid to an administrator, and that Clark's was not; he said he supposed it was Clark; but he might have made a mistake; he wished to know what sum of money was due to Clark, as his friends lived in the country, and did not know whether the wages would be worth their while to administer; I told him 30 l. he asked if I would pay the money, if he found good security? I told him I would not without an administration; he said he should go and make inquiries at the office, and call again; he did call again on the 4th of April; he told me that he hoped now every thing was right; that he had found his mistake, how every thing had happened; he then produced an administration in the name of John Clark , brother to the deceased Edward Clark ; he likewise produced two slips of paper; one with the name of Edward Clark , the other with the name of Thomas Hurry , and that Thomas Hurry died on board the Kent Indiaman , and Edward Clark , on board the Kent merchantman; and that having business to do for both at his office, (I understood him to be an attorney) he had taken the wrong name, of Hurry, instead of Clark, and that was the way he had made the mistake; he likewise produced the order from John Clark , to pay what might be due to Edward Clark , to George Smith ; I understood him to be George Smith ; I told him I could not pay it to a simple order, and that he must come fully empowered from John Clark , before I should pay him: the order was dated the 3d of April, and presented on the 4th. I told him I thought it very strange that Clark did not call himself; he said he was gone to Chatham; I asked him what he belonged to? he said he did not know that he belonged to any ship; I asked him for his address? he told me he lived in Berner's-street, or Baim-street, Oxford-road, and that his father and him had an office there; he asked me if I would not pay him without a power of attorney? I said no; he seemed disconcerted, and said he thought I gave him as much trouble, and put him to as much expence, as I could; he then expressed much dissatisfaction, and said he had heard I was not a gentleman, and asked when he should call again; I appointed the following Saturday, at ten o'clock, at which time he came there was another person with him, and said he hoped every thing was clear and satisfactory to both parties; he produced a power of attorney from John Clark , and the administration; I took them into my hands, and put them into my pocket; I had previously sent for two officers; the power of attorney is executed by a mark; when he came on Wednesday, he produced the proctor's bill, which was returned; but it was taken from him on the Saturday on which he was apprehended: Clark had failed with me about ten months; his real name was Edward Swinney; he was an Irishman; I shipped him at Portsmouth, on the 15th of September, 1790; the Gorgon was then at Portsmouth; the night that I shipped him, he told me he had run from the Gorgon; I never heard of any friends or relations that he had in the West Indies; I shipped one Rawlings, who was boatswain's mate of the Gorgon. Every thing that I have said is truth, upon my oath.

(The power of attorney read by the Clerk of Arraigns.)


I am eighteen: I sailed on board the ship

Kent; I knew Clark; he came from the Gorgon with James Rawlings and Dennis Lettree ; they all came together.


I am Clerk in the Navy Office. I have here the muster-book of his majesty's ship Gorgon; here are the names of Edward Swinney , James Rawlings , and Dennis Discoll , stand as run, on the ship's books; Swinney and Rawlings appear to have run from the boat; Driscoll run from leave, on the 14th; they stand mustered, and on the 22d they are marked as run; he is described as a native of Ireland.


I went to Captain Pease 's house; and I was in the back parlour; I heard him say he hoped all the trouble was over; then Mr. Pease called us in; I searched him, and found the bill of the proctor's on him. (Produces it.)

Captain Pease . This is the bill which he produced me.


When I was before Justice Smith, the proctors said they did not know me. I desired Mr. Pease to be cautious, as I could not write. I begged my trial might be put off till next sessions that I might be able to produce this Clark, who I understand is gone to Ireland. Captain Pease said he would sell his ship from under him, but he would hang me.

GUILTY , Death . (Aged 46.)

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.

Reference Number: t17920523-23

242. JOHN BELL was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 11th day of April , twenty pounds of leaden pipe, value 2 s. the property of James Schooler , affixed to his dwelling-house .


I live on Saffron-hill . I lost this lead the 9th of last month; I missed it in the morning; it was taken from the cellar cieling.


I am serjeant major in the regiment to which the prisoner belongs. Corporal Turner brought the prisoner and the lead to me; I asked him where he got it? he said he found it at Charing-cross; I have kept it ever since. (Produced.)


I am corporal in the same regiment. I saw the prisoner bring the lead pipe from Schooler's house, between seven and eight in the evening; I followed him and took him to the recruit house; then the serjeant major sent him to the Savoy.

James Schooler deposes to the lead.


I picked up this lead coming from Charing-cross, and I went into Schooler's house to have a pint of beer, and took the pipe in with me, and the corporal saw me coming out.


Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-24

243. MARY HODWELL was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 12th day of May , thirty yards of silk ribbon, value 4 s. the goods of Joseph Slack .


I am a haberdasher in Oxford-street . I was robbed on Saturday, the 13th of May, I believe, about three o'clock. The prisoner had several small remnants of ribbon, and said she wanted to match them; she matched two or three articles that came to eleven-pence; she was going out; my boy

followed her quickly; he asked her if she had not got some ribbon that was not her own? she turned round and said, if I have, I dont know it; she put down her silk handkerchief, and there was a piece of silk ribbon; the boy said he believed she had more, and desired her to walk backwards; and in going along, she pulled out a piece of white ribbon, and throwed it down on the floor: I was serving a lady; when I had done, I went into the back shop; I asked her if ever she had been there before? she said no, nor never would again; she went down upon her knees; I am not mistaken in any part of my evidence. Mrs. Ironsides was in the shop; I don't know what she is; I have heard that she is a mantua-maker, and that she has kept gen-men's houses.


The prisoner came into my master's shop on the 13th or 14th of May; she had a pattern of green and blue ribbon in her hand, which she wanted to match; I shewed her several; she made choice of one that was near the pattern; she made choice of a ribbon at 2 d. per yard; she had a yard of it cut off; then she asked to look at some narrow white ribbon; I pressed her to have the quantity of green ribbon which she wanted, being near the pattern, and directly I missed it; she made choice of some white, at two-pence per yard; she had a yard and a half; then she produced a pattern of net-gauze, and she had three nails of it; she paid me eleven-pence; the prisoner was turning out of the shop; I told her she had some ribbon of my master's property; she put her hand in her pocket, and pulled out a piece of green ribbon, concealed in a handkerchief; I desired her to walk into the back shop; then she gave up another piece; in going to the back shop she dropped a piece of narrow white ribbon; I had not sold it to her; she pulled the ribbon out of her right hand pocket, and her pocket-handkerchief; my master did not see the manner in which it was concealed. Mrs. Ironsides was in the shop at the time of this robbery; Mrs. Ironsides lives, I believe, in Charlotte-street; the narrow white ribbon was not on a roller; I have had the possession of them ever since; they were taken before Sir Laurence Cox : (produced); they are marked D. O. T. (Deposes to the ribbons.)

Slack. I marked the green ribbon; this mark is my hand-writing.

ANN EWEN sworn.

I have known Mary Hodwell four years; I called upon her to desire her to make a gown for me; she is a mantua-maker, and lives in Dean-street, and keeps a house there; I told her I wanted her to make me a gown between pink and black, and desired to know what ribbon would be most suitable to trim it; she said a green; and I said you may let me see some, if I don't buy; she shewed me some green ribbon upon a roller; I said it was too broad, and desired her to get me some narrower ribbon; the ribbon she shewed me, was like the one I have on my head.


I have known the prisoner eight years. I had occasion to have a bonnet made, and I called upon Mary Hodwell , and she shewed me some green ribbon; I should think this it; but it is too much to swear to a ribbon.

The prisoner called nine very respectable witnesses who gave her a very good character.


Recommended by the Jury.

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

[Imprisonment. See summary.] [Fine. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-25

244. JOHN BURN was indicted for stealing, on the 11th day of May , one pannel-saw, value 6 s. the goods of John Moore , and one ripping-saw, value 3 s. the goods of Richard Sharp .


I am a carpenter : I work at Somer's Town, Pancras . I went to dinner on the 11th of May, and returned a little after one. The prisoner was in custody.


I am a carpenter, and work at Somer's Town. I lost a pannel-saw at the time Sharp lost his.


I am a carpenter: I was at dinner on Friday the 11th of May, and saw two men skulking about; the prisoner was one of them; presently I saw them coming; one of them had two saws under his coat; I took the saws from under his coat, and fetched a constable.

- GRIFFIN sworn.

I am a bricklayer. I had been to dinner, and saw the two men; and the last witness told me one of them had something under his coat: (the saws produced): constable has had them ever since.

(Sharp deposes to the ripping-saw, and Moore deposes to the pannel-saw.)


I was a man that always worked very hard; I had been taking a walk, and was in liquor, and was persuaded to take them.

GUILTY . (Aged 56.)

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr. COMMON SERJEANT.

[Imprisonment. See summary.] [Whipping. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-26

245. WILLIAM HUDSON and GEORGE DELL were indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 14th day of May , thirteen linen shirts, value 20 s. and one linen pillow-case, value 2 d. the goods of William Hall , LL. D .


I am a Doctor of Laws: the things were lost on Monday, the 14th of May; they were taken from my garden.


I am a baker. I was serving my bread along by Dr. Hall's garden: I saw the two prisoners before me; when I came nearer to them, they hid themselves; I suspected they were upon no good; I watched them, and presently after, I saw them come over from the doctor's garden with a bundle of linen, which I saw Dell drop; my boy pursued them, and they were never out of my sight till the boy took them.


I am servant to the last witness. My master told me to run after those two boys; I took them both; I did not see any thing on either of the prisoners.


I am a headborough: (I produce the linen.)

Mr. Hall. This is the linen I saw on my table.

Pearce. I put this linen there.


Two sailors had these things, and offered us some money to carry them to the three-mile stone.



Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

[Imprisonment. See summary.] [Fine. See summary.] [Whipping. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-27

246. JAMES DRAPER was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 11th day of April , one man's beaver hat, value 8 s. the goods of Richard Clement Headington .


I am pupil to Mr. Blizard, the surgeon . I lost a hat from a passage that leads to the

lecture-room, in the London Hospital , on the 11th of April.


I am a dyer. I live in Whitechapel, facing the theatre of the London Hospital. On the 11th of April I saw the prisoner and another in the hospital yard; I had a suspicion of them; the prisoner drew near to the Theatre, and went in, and returned with four hats; I went across the road and took him back to the Theatre.

(The hat produced and deposed to by the prosecutor.)

GUILTY . (Aged 17.)

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. COMMON SERJEANT.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-28

247. JOHN READ was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 10th day of March , one silver watch, value 1 l. one steel chain, value 6 d. one stone seal set in base metal, value 1 d. and a key, value 1 d. the goods of Richard Evans . One metal watch, value 20 s. the goods of Richard Jenkins .


I am a milkman . I lost my watch: it was in the one pair of stairs bed room: it was the 10th of March: I was not at home.

Mr. Peatt Prisoner's Counsel. Do you happen to know if the prisoner ever insured in the lottery with your wife? - No.


The prisoner came to my house on Saturday, the 10th of March, between six and seven in the morning; he asked me leave to go up stairs to my lodger to borrow two shillings; at first I would not give him leave; but he said he was in a hurry: he came down and said he had the two shillings of the man: very soon after he was gone, it strike me very hard, that he had taken my husband's watch; I went up to look, and it was gone; I then went up and asked my lodger if he had seen Read; and he said he did not know him: I am the wife of Evans: the prisoner was often in my bed chamber: I have not insured with him this year in the lottery: I never offered to lend him any money.


I am a labouring man . I lost a metal watch on Thursday, the 10th of March; I left it in the room where I sleep, on a nail, when I went out to work, and on my return I found my watch was gone.


I took the prisoner into custody. I found a duplicate of a watch on him.


I am a pawnbroker's servant to Mr. Fleming in High Holborn. I produce a metal watch in a shagreen case, which I took in of the prisoner on the 16th of March, just after eight.


I am a pawnbroker's servant. I produce a silver watch which I believe I took in of the prisoner; I am not certain: this was pledged in the morning about eight o'clock.

Evans. The number of my watch is 201. (Deposes to the watch.) I have had it two years: I am certain it is my watch.

Jenkins. I do not know the number of my watch; the glass is broke, and there is a bit of silk ribbon to it, and a key.


I had nothing to do with the watches: Mrs. Evans used to be concerned with me in the lottery, and has lent me money.

The prisoner called four witnesses who gave him a good character.


Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

[Imprisonment. See summary.] [Fine. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-29

248. CHARLES BURN was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 21st day of April , one man's cloth coat, value 10 s. a waistcoat, and other wearing apparel , the goods of Charles Fowler .


I am a gardener . The prisoner took me to his lodgings in Parker's-street, Drury-lane ; I met the prisoner near London-bridge; I had been to a punch-club; I never saw him before; he said, if I went with him, I should have a good bed; I told him I was afraid I was locked out; I went to his lodging, and went to bed, and fell asleep; I awoke about six or seven o'clock, I suppose; when I awoke, my clothes were all gone; he sat upon the chair when I went to bed; the prisoner was gone; I saw my things at the Justice's; he was apprehended on Sunday night.


I am constable of the parish of St. Clement. April the 22d, Sunday night, the prisoner was brought in as disorderly, to the watch-house; he had these clothes on his back; I searched him, and found this knife, and these buckles and keys; he was brought in on Monday morning, about one o'clock.

(Prosecutor deposes to the articles.)


I met him in the city, and he wanted to go to a night-house, and I went with him, and had something to drink; then he said he wanted a girl and some beer, and he got a girl, and went to her lodgings, and gave her a shilling to lay with her, and another shilling he gave out for gin; he gave me the clothes to take care of.

Prosecutor. My lord the prisoner picked my pocket of two or three shillings; and, as to the woman, I understood her to be his wife.


Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.

[Whipping. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-30

249. SUSANNAH GILLING was indicted for stealing, on the 20th of May , one canvass bag, value 1 d. and ten shillings in money , the property of Daniel Stubbs .


I went with one of my shopmates to Billingsgate to buy some mackrel; we came back to the Ship and Wheat-sheaf, the corner of Nightingale-lane : the prisoner and another woman were drinking gin: me and my companion had a pot of beer: I changed half a guinea, and put the ten shillings into the bag, which I put into my jacket pocket: the prisoner came to my side; and presently I thought I felt something at my jacket pocket; and I saw the bag in her hand, which she placed under her arm pit; I put my hand in my pocket and I said, you impudent whore, you have robbed me; she struck me, and said, you lying b - r I have not been near you; I sent to Whiteway, and he said I might bring the prisoner to him, he should not come to me; I never lost sight of her.

Prisoner. I never saw his money; he was drunk, and throwing his money about the tap room.


Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. COMMON SERJEANT.

[Imprisonment. See summary.] [Fine. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-31

250. JOHN ROWLEY was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 25th day of April , a hand saw, value 1 s. a jack plane, value 1 s. an augur, value 1 s. an iron draw board, value 6 d. and an iron square, value 8 d. the goods of Edward Smart .


I am a carpenter : I work in North-street, near the City Road . On Wednesday, the 25th of April, I left the place between four and five, and returned about six o'clock on Thursday morning, and the tools were gone: the building was not covered in: they were in the cellar.


I am a constable. I saw the prisoner coming down Beech-lane very much in liquor; seeing these things in his hands, and suspecting him, I stopped him. (The tools produced.)


I found them coming down the City Road.


Tried by the London Jury before Mr. COMMON SERJEANT.

[Imprisonment. See summary.] [Fine. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-32

251. WILLIAM ASKEW was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 10th day of May , eight yards and a half of muslin, value 20 s. the goods of Richard Jellicoe , privily in his shop .


I live in London Wall . I am an upholder . I heard the cry of stop thief! I saw the prisoner running: he ran down Broker-row; I pursued him till a person stopped him.


I carry on business in the muslin way. On Thursday, the 10th of May, about eleven o'clock, I had occasion to use this muslin; I took it out of a box, and laid it on the counter: the maid informed me there was a boy gone out of the shop; I went into the shop and missed the muslin from the counter: the maid was in the parlour: I went to the door and saw a boy running away; I saw the muslin in the horse ride; the boy was not three yards

from it; no one but him was running, nor any body else there; I brought it home, and the constable gave it me.


I was servant at the time of this robbery. I saw William Askew , the prisoner, go out of the shop about eleven o'clock in the forenoon; I did not see him take any thing; I am sure I saw him go from the counter; I did not see him take any thing; I gave the alarm to Margaret Jellicoe; and she asked me which way he went, and I said to the right; she pursued him.

Margaret Jellicoe . The muslin was upon the counter not three minutes before it was missed.


I am a constable. About half an hour past eleven I was sent for to Mr. Jellicoe: I secured the prisoner, and have kept the muslin ever since.

(Miss Jellicoe deposes to the muslin.)


I was going on an errand when this affair happened, and as I was running they took me.


Tried by the London Jury before Mr. COMMON SERJEANT.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-33

252. JANE BECKWITH was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 12th day of May , two pieces of silver coin, called lialf crowns, value 5 s. and two shillings , the monies of David Faro .


I am a hackney coachman . I was setting down a fare at two o'clock in the morning, on the 12th of May; the prisoner came to me and made use of an expression that is not decent for me to say here; she took my money away; I charged the watch with her, and another woman was coming up: on the head side of the half crown it is perfectly clear, on the woman side it is plain.


I am watch house keeper of St. Dunstan's in the West. I searched the prisoner and found four shillings; after some further search I found half a crown secreted in her petticoat and pinned up; it could not have been put there on purpose.


I had been with a gentleman in Butcher-row to a tavern, who had given me that money that night, and leaving him I passed by the coachman who had another woman standing by him; and he immediately laid hold of me and said I had robbed him.


Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. COMMON SERJEANT.

[Imprisonment. See summary.] [Fine. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-34

253. WILLIAM STYLES was indicted for stealing, on the 2d day of April , a chissel and other tools, value 3 s. the property of John Wooding .


I am a carpenter . I live in Whitechapel. I worked for Mr. Moxley. I hid my tools in a building on the 31st of March: it is on Artichoke Hill : On Monday my tools were lost.


I am the minister of an independant church. On Sunday morning, between six and seven in the morning, I was going into a vacant spot of ground, near to which Mr. Moxley had been recently building some houses; I saw the prisoner coming out of the back door of one of them; on seeing me he returned into the house; I watched him; and in ten minutes he came out and ran across my ground; I caught him on the fence with the tools: he said he was a servant to the carpenter; and on his giving a very exact account of the building, and

even my own house, and also expressing a desire to fetch his master, I let him go: I took him again on the Saturday following.


Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. COMMON SERJEANT.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-35

254. JOHN DRAKE was indicted for stealing, on the 12th day of May , six bridles, value 20 s. a martingal, value 1 s. the property of William Welch .

JOHN COOK sworn.

I am headborough of St. George's. I apprehended the prisoner on the 15th in St. Giles's: and I found in a closet six bridles and one martingal; and on the sacking of the bed on which he lay I found six pick-lock keys.

(Welch deposes to the bridles.)

The prisoner said in his defence that a countryman of his had left the articles for him to take care of.

GUILTY . (Aged 27.)

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. COMMON SERJEANT.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-36

255. MARY HARRIS was indicted for stealing, on the 17th of May , a linen shirt, value 2 s. the goods of John Kenney .


I was ironing in a back room: my husband was asleep: the prisoner was in the room: I went to serve some rum; on my return I missed the shirt, and asked her for it; she said I might search her; I said I would: I sent for a constable.


I searched the prisoner: I found the shirt on the prisoner, between her thighs, under her apron, not under her petticoats.

The prisoner said that a man came in with her and drank some rum, and that he gave her the shirt to pawn.

GUILTY, 10 d .

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. COMMON SERJEANT.

[Imprisonment. See summary.] [Whipping. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-37

256. JOHN JONES was indicted for stealing, on the 25th day of May , one linen sheet, value 5 s. the property of John Henckell .


I am the wife of John Henckell . I lost a sheet the 25th of May: I lost a sheet off the bed: the prisoner lodged at my house; this was the first night; I missed it in the morning.

Mr. BRAY sworn.

I am a publican: I keep the Horse and Groom at Hampstead : the prosecutor is my tenant. On Friday, the 25th of May, I saw the prisoner come out of Henckell's house; Mrs. Henckell came after him in about a minute, and said that man had stolen a sheet: I followed him, and found the sheet wrapped round his body.


Transported for seven years .

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. COMMON SERJEANT.

Reference Number: t17920523-38

257. BARNABUS YATES and THOMAS STONEHARD were indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 24th of May , a stuff petticoat, value 5 s. the goods of Matthew Eades .

It appeared that the prisoner Stonehard was taken in the act of concealing the petticoat under his coat.



Whipped .

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

Reference Number: t17920523-39

258. THOMAS CRISP was indicted for stealing, on the 24th of April , one tenon saw, value 4 s. the goods of John Chandler .


I lost a saw on the 24th of April from Mr. With's shop: Mr. With found the saw upon the prisoner.


On the 24th of April I heard a man had been inquiring for me, and asked for a job; he came to my house once or twice; he had been assisting my people to get in a heavy piece of timber, and asked for some small beer: I was drinking tea in my back kitchen: I heard the door open, and somebody go up stairs; there is a large room up one pair of stairs which I use as a workshop, and for the men to keep their tools; I stopped to see who went out, and a lady who was drinking tea with me said, that was the man who had been asking for a job; I ran after him, and seeing something stick out behind, I stopped him; I asked him what he had got? he said he had got nothing; I looked under his coat, and there was a saw; I laid hold of his collar and told him I would keep him till I knew which of the men the saw belonged to; I sent for the men; and John Chandler owned the saw.


I was sent for to take the prisoner into custody. I received the saw from Chandler.

Prosecutor. (Deposes to the saw.) I have had this saw eight months; this is the saw I gave to the constable.


I am a countryman, and I made rather too free with liquor: I had a fall from a scaffold, and when I drink too much I don't know what I am about. I hope your lordship and gentlemen of the jury will have mercy on me; it is the first time I ever did any thing of the kind, and shall be the last.


Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice ASHURST.

Jury. We wish to recommend this poor wretch to mercy.

[Imprisonment. See summary.] [Fine. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-40

259. JOHN MANN was indicted for stealing, on the 26th of April last, twenty-seven silver buttons, value 7 s. one kerseymire waistcoat, value 8 s. and one pair of kerseymire breeches, value 10 s. the goods of William Fenn .


I lost the things mentioned in the indictment; they are worth 38 s. About a quarter before twelve I left the things upon the cutting board in the shop: the prisoner worked for me: he went to dinner about half an hour after I went out; in a quarter of an hour after I went up stairs, my silver buttons were gone from the place in which I left them; I went to the alehouse to look for him, and to his lodgings; he had not been to either; then I concluded I had been robbed; I got a horse and followed him to Harrow on the Hill; I enquired at the King's Head at Harrow, and found the prisoner was there; he ran out of the door and fell into a dunghole, and I a top of him; I brought him back to the house and found the breeches; and he pulled the buttons out of his left hand waistcoat pocket, and laid them on the table.

(The articles produced and deposed to.)


The prisoner came to my father's on the 25th of April last and called for a pint of ale; after he had been there some time he produced from a bundle a waistcoat and a pair of breeches; he offered the waistcoat for sale for nine shillings; a countryman offered half a crown; some time after the

prosecutor came up to the door; the prisoner saw him; and as I was going out he whispered to me, not to let that man know he was in the house; when I went to the door I found on my return the prisoner run away.


Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice ASHURST.

[Imprisonment. See summary.] [Fine. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-41

260. LAURENCE KEEN was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 24th day of May , one cambrick handkerchief, value 5 s. the property of the Reverend George Edmondson , privately from his person .


I had my pocket picked in Oxford-street I did not know it at the time: a man in the street told me that a man had just that moment picked my pocket; I pursued the prisoner; he was running very fast; I caught him; the moment I got up to him he threw the handkerchief on the pavement; I picked it up; that is the man.

Prisoner. Did not you swear before the justice that you did not see the handkerchief before it was excommunicated from me?


Please you, my lord, I was going along Oxford-street; I saw people running, and thought there was a fight; I was running; and two people run by me; and this gentleman cried out stop thief! and he came up and detected me, and said he had detected a thief: I am a native of America, and just come out of the hospital; my knee is smashed all to pieces.

GUILTY , Death .

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

Reference Number: t17920523-42

261 JOHN MATTHEWS was indicted for stealing, on the 20th day of May , one piece of silver called a half crown, value 2 s. 6 d. fourteen sixpences, and twenty-eight shillings , the monies of John Foreman .


I am brother to the prosecutor. On Sunday evening, the 20th of May, his son came to me about eight o'clock, and told me that the prisoner at the bar had robbed the till of the bar: John Foreman keeps a publick house : he was confined in the main guard in the Tower, by order of the Governor, Governor Gore: we got a peace officer, and took him into custody; he was searched, and one guinea, and six half guineas, one pound eighteen in silver, and four shillings and sixpence in halfpence were found upon him.


I am sixteen years old. I am the son of the prosecutor. I was in a little parlour adjoining to the bar on the 20th of April; I heard the rattling of money; I went into the bar, and I saw the prisoner standing before the till; he was trying to shove in the till, but it was stiff, and would not go in; it was not locked when I had left it last, but it was shut close to; the prisoner told me he went in for a glass of pepper-mint; I told him to take it; the drawer where the money was was half open and half shut; I examined the drawer, and found the gold and silver were taken out of it; I do not know what money was in it before; I know there were above twenty-three shillings in it in shillings, and a great quantity of sixpences; there is always gold and silver mixed together; he left three sixpences and one shilling: I had not been out of the bar five minutes when I heard the money rattle; I saw him push the till drawer; I called Daly, and told him that John had taken all the money out of the drawer.

Prisoner. Before the justice did not you swear there was not any gold kept in the bar? - I did not. The prisoner was our waiter.


I was in a room adjoining the bar; this lad told me that the waiter robbed the till; I detained the prisoner, till they sent to the Governor of the Tower; the house is in Tower; I kept him till the serjeant of the guard came.


I was sent for from the watch-house to the guard-room in the Tower; I searched the prisoner, and found six half-guineas and a guinea, in his fob; in his coat-pocket, four shillings and six-pence in halfpence, and one pound eighteen shillings in silver.


I used to draw beer for the prosecutor; I served him faithfully five months and a half; the money that I had I worked hard for.


Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice ASHURST.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-43

262. JOHN PARTON was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 21st day of April , five printed books, value 16 s. the goods of John Forbes .

(The prisoner was taken with the books.)


Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

Reference Number: t17920523-44

263. JAMES M'CULLOCK was indicted for ripping, cutting, and breaking, with intent to steal, seventy-four pounds weight of lead, value 5 s. affixed to the dwelling-house of Daniel M'Carty , on the 6th day of April .

A second Count, charging him with stealing the same lead.


Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-45

264. MARY ROURKE was indicted for stealing, on the 8th of May , one watch, the inside case made of metal, and the outside case covered with tortoiseshell, and enamelled, value 30 s. a cornelian seal, set in gold, value 6 s. a steel chain, value 1 d. a key, value 1 d. the property of Benjamin Henry Le Trobe .


I lost a metal watch, chain, and seals, as in the indictment, and two or three trinkets, on the 8th of May, in my dwelling-house. The prisoner is a relation of a very old servant in the family, and on that account has been often employed by Mrs. Le Trobe; by that means she became acquainted with my servants, and with my nursery-maid. On the morning of the 8th of May, Mrs. Le Trobe and myself went from home very early; before nine; upon going out of our bed-chamber, I wished her to put on her watch, which I then saw hang at the bed's head; she went out without it, but gave charge to the nursery-maid not to permit the child to play with it: we did not return home till twelve at night, and I immediately missed the watch from the bed's head; I not easily finding it, I called the nursery-maid, and the whole room was searched; the bed, and every part; I understood the prisoner had been there that evening to see the nursery-maid, in the bed-chamber. I sent for a constable the next morning, by six o'clock; and at that hour the constable, the nursery-maid, and myself, went to Winchester-row, where the prisoner said she lived; we found out the house, but were informed she had been gone a fortnight; we accordingly came home; I was

out all that day; in the evening, I found the prisoner at my house in custody; she was searched before me by the constable, and upon her was found, I believe, about twenty-eight shillings, and two duplicates; I circulated hand-bills, and received an account of the watch from Sir Lawrence Cox's office; I saw the duplicate in the name of Mrs. Le Trobe.


I am nursery-maid to Mr. Le Trobe. The prisoner was at our house on the day he has mentioned, the 8th of May; we went up stairs into the bed-room, into my mistress's room, to shew her a bonnet, with a child; I left the prisoner to put away the chairs, and came down stairs; she said she would stop till eight or nine o'clock; and when she came down, she said she was ill, and must go home, and come on the Sunday following; the watch was hanging in the bed-chamber when we went up; when my master came home, he missed the watch, and called to me. The constable, a young man, and me, met the prisoner by accident, yesterday, in the street.


I am a pawnbroker. I took this watch in pledge of the prisoner, on the 8th of May, before eight at night, in the name of Mrs. Barry, for Mrs. Le Trobe; I gave her a duplicate for one pound fifteen; on the Friday afterwards, I received a handbill, describing the watch: I saw the prisoner at the Justice's.

(The watch deposed to.)


I know nothing about the watch; I have not applied to any witnesses.

GUILTY . (Aged 23.)

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice ASHURST.

[Imprisonment. See summary.] [Fine. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-46

265. SARAH BOND , wife of William, was indicted for stealing, on the 19th of April , a dimity table-cloth, value 1 s. and divers other things , the property of George Shaw .

The prisoner had pawned the things which were deposed to.

GUILTY . (Aged 38.)

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. COMMON SERJEANT.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-47

266. BRIAN GAHAGAN , alias CARGAN , was indicted for stealing, on the 31st of March last, a plank of mahogany, containing twelve feet, value 26 s. the goods of Joseph Sherwood .

(The prisoner offered the plank for sale, and was stopped.)


I know nothing of the wood.


Transported for fourteen years .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. COMMON SERJEANT.

Reference Number: t17920523-48

267. MARIA ROBERTS was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 13th of May , one leather pocket-book, value 6 d. and a bill of exchange, value 12 l. the goods of John Ord , privily from his person .

JOHN ORD sworn.

I am clerk to Messrs. Graham and Co. West India merchants. On the 14th of May, between twelve and one in the morning, I was going up Fleet-street ; I met two women; they laid hold, one on each arm, requesting, as they went along, I should give

them some money or wine; I was not perfectly sober; I disengaged myself from them, and walked away; this woman at the bar followed me; she ran after me, and overtook me; she said she was very poor, and begged some money; I still went on till I came to an opening; I turned down there, and she followed; at that time, I suppose, she took the pocket-book; I missed my pocket-book, and accused her of taking it; I offered her the half-guinea, rather than have any more trouble; the patrol came up, and took her to the watch-house; I followed; and before we got to the watch-house, I saw my pocket-book drop from her; her hand was behind her; I am sure it dropped from her.


My motive was not to do any thing bad, when I came out. I met several gentlemen, being much distressed, but no one relieved me: this was the last gentleman I met; he went down a turning; I asked him if I should do any thing to oblige him? he asked me to do something that was very indecent; he was going away without giving me any thing; I said I hoped he would not be so mean, as I was much distressed.

GUILTY, Stealing 6 d .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. COMMON SERJEANT.

[Imprisonment. See summary.] [Fine. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-49

268. WILLIAM THOMPSON was indicted for feloniously assaulting William Bosworth , in an open place near the king's highway, on the 18th of April last, and putting him in fear, and feloniously taking from his person, and against his will, three half-crowns, four shillings, a halfpenny, and a bad sixpence, his monies .


I was robbed on the 18th of April, in Moorfields , by William Thompson , the prisoner at the bar; it was between seven and eight at night; the prisoner was going by Mr. Nutt's door, in Old Bethlem; I was coming down the steps; he accosted me by the name of Jem, apparently very drunk; he had been, he said, to Wapping, among some friends, and they had cut him up, which I very readily agreed to thinking he was drunk; he said he lived in Fore-street; I told him I would see him to Spinning-wheel-alley, and then he might lay hold of the rails, and get home safe; when we had got into Moorfields, I said now, good man, you are safe, I will leave you; he held very fast by me, and said no, d - n his e - s, you shall go and drink with me, which I refused; he held me very fast, rushed up against me, and robbed me; I felt his hand in my pocket; I found the deception; he was not drunk; he had no weapons that I saw; he took from me three half-crowns, four shillings, and a halfpenny; I then said, good God, you have robbed me! there was no other violence, than his rushing very hard against me when he robbed me; I did not perceive it till after he robbed me; when I accused him of robbing me, he laughed at me, and asked me to lend him half-a-crown; I told him no, he had deprived me of my money; he then said, d - n my e - s, I will lend you a guinea, if you want it? I said no, I did not want any of his; he walked on to Fore-street and Red-cross-street; he met a girl with a basket of radishes on her head; he gave the girl a penny, and says, d - n my e - s, Poll, here's a penny to get a glass of gin; and again he said, d - n my e - s, Poll, I have done him; I followed him to Redcross-street, and he turned round and said, if you follow me, and say I have robbed you, I will knock you down; I said you had better not; then he said, d - n my e - s, if you follow me, I will charge you with a constable; he went into Mr. Edwards's shop, and I desired Mr. Edwards to hear me; he then, to my great surprise, charged me with an unnatural crime; some other constables came by, or I should not have been able to manage him, he was so

obstropolous; they searched him, and found my money.

Prisoner. Why did not you charge me at the time you felt me rob you? - It was quite dark; I waited for a fair opportunity.


The prosecutor brought the prisoner into my shop on the 18th of April; I live in Barbican; he charged the prisoner with robbing him; I asked him of what? as the prisoner seemed so much intoxicated with liquor, I was afraid to encounter him; I sent for some brother officers; they searched his pockets, and found some money, but what money I cannot tell; after they had done searching him, I was willing to search him myself; and in a waistcoat-pocket, I found a bad six-pence: the prosecutor said that was not all the money he had about him; I put my hand on his cheek, and heard money rattle against his cheek.

Prisoner to Prosecutor. Did I carry you to Mr. Edward's house, or did you carry me? - I did not know Edwards; the prisoner went, and I followed him.


The prisoner at the bar I heard called at my house; I was not at home; when I came home, I went to Edwards's house, and in the shop I saw the prisoner, and he immediately said take charge of this man as a sodomite; he was very resolute, and I drew my cutlass; and he swore I should take him to the Compter; then the prosecutor charged him of robbing him of three half-crowns, four shillings, and a copper coin: Newman then came in, and we put the hand-cuffs on him, and searched him, and found all the money, except one shilling, which was changed.


I produce some money which I took from the prisoner.


I was sent for by Mr. Edwards, after the other officers had searched the prisoner; there was a half-crown missing; I said I would search him; he said, search as you please, but I have no half-crown, or a farthing more about me; I believe the prisoner was sober.


On the 18th of May, I went across the middle cut of Moorfields. The prosecutor laid hold of my arm, and said, you are very drunk; I said, more is my misfortune; he began to take indecent liberties; he thrust his hand into my breeches. (Here the language of the prisoner became too offensive for the public eye.)

GUILTY of stealing, but not of the robbery .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. Justice ASHURST.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-50

269. JOHN MANNING was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 21st day of April , two pair of cotton stockings, value 3 s. three linen aprons, value 6 s. and a piece of linen cloth, value 1 s. the goods of Judith Horsfield .


I lost the articles named in the indictment. I am servant at Mr. Jackson's, Gray's Inn: I lost these things from a drawer; I believe the things were all in one drawer; Mr. Jackson's is No. 9, Gray's Inn ; I missed them on Saturday, the 21st of April; I came down stairs, and found the prisoner in the kitchen; I thought it had been the man who cleans my master's brother's shoes; he ran away; I ran after him, and cried stop thief! he was taken.


I am a watchman, and porter of Gray's Inn. I saw the prisoner the 21st of April, in Gray's Inn: I heard Mr. Horsfield call stop thief! I took the prisoner to Mr. Jackson's chambers, and Mr. Jackson sent me for a constable.


I was in Mrs. Jackson's chambers; I heard the cry of stop thief! and looked out of the window, and saw the prisoner run; he was brought back by the porter.


I produce the goods; I had them from Mr. Jackson.

(Mrs. Horsfield deposed to the things.)

Prisoner. I crave the mercy of the Court.

The prisoner called two witnesses who gave him a good character.


Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

[Imprisonment. See summary.] [Fine. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-51

270. ANN YOUNG was indicted for stealing, on the 30th of January , one cloth cloak, value 2 s. a cloth waistcoat, value 9 d. and two yards of lace, value 1 s. the property of Thomas Blackburn .


I am foreman to Mr. Mason; he is a cotton manufacturer; I lodge in a first floor; the prisoner was a winster ; we lost the lace about February; the scarlet cloak, about March; the goods were found on the prisoner, at Mr. Spiller's office, on the 4th of April; the waistcoat part is sewed to another cloak; we found the lace in Little George-street, at Mrs. Ellis's.


I am the wife of the last witness: I have never seen my cloak, but I have the waistcoat part; that is sewed to her own cloak; here is the lace; I could know it any where.


I bought the lace of the prisoner about February; she told me the lace was her's, and she had had it many years.


I am a weaver. I know the lace, and I know the cloak: (the lace shewn to her): this is Mrs. Blackburn's: (looks at the cloak): the waistcoat part of this cloak is Mrs. Blackburn's; I know the waistcoat; the third button is off, and the bottom button-hole broke.


I keep a school: the prisoner had a furnished room of mine. Mrs. Blackburn came for the cloak in the morning; and as soon as she was gone, she sent the girl for the cloak, but it was not Mrs. Blackburn's cloak.

Prisoner. I am not guilty of the robbery, I assure you.


Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

[Imprisonment. See summary.] [Fine. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-52

271. SARAH TURNER was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 10th day of May , a silver watch, value 12 s. a watch-chain, value 1 d. a watch-key, value 1 d. a cotton gown, value 1 s. and a pair of linen sheets, value 4 s. the goods of John Humphries .


I am a gardener . I lost the things from my house in Chelsea : the prisoner lived with us as a weekly servant ; she lived with us at the time the things were lost; on the 10th of May, me and my wife were out, and during our absence, the prisoner went away; we returned about a quarter before seven, and missed her and the property. A constable, Treadway, came and asked me next day if I had lost my watch? I said, yes; he shewed it me; I know it was my watch.

Mrs. HUMPHRIES sworn.

The sheet was in a box, open; the gown upon the bed, and the watch hung up.


I was sitting up at the watch house on Thursday the 10th of May; a little after ten o'clock at night the watchman brought her in; she seemed in liquor; I asked her how she came by the sheets; she said she had them from Mr. Dobree's, a pawnbroker in Holborn: I searched her, and found a watch in her pocket, which she said she had found on a dunghill.

The WATCHMAN sworn.

I took the woman to St. Giles's watch-house, and she was searched and the things found.

(Humphries deposed to the watch.)


Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

[Imprisonment. See summary.] [Fine. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-53

272. DENNIS M'CARTY was indicted for stealing, on the 9th of May five iron shovels value 2 s. eight iron-shovel pans value 2 s. one bag of nails value 1 s. and two beef forks value 2 s. the goods of James Tate .


I am an ironmonger ; I have great reason to believe I lost a great many things in consequence of a fire breaking out next door to me; I missed them next morning; I went to Litchfield-street, and saw the several articles in the indictment.


On the 10th of this month I was alarmed by fire; I went to the fire, and saw the prisoner coming from the fire with a bag at his back; I followed him into the yard, and he put down five shovel pans, and two beef forks; it was in a stable yard; there were several coach-houses; the prisoner never was out of my sight till I took him into custody; I took them to Mr. Tate to ask him if they were his; he told me that Mr. Tate owed him half-a-crown, and he took these things for it as he could not get money of him: I asked him how he could rob the poor souls that were surrounded by flames of fire.


I water hackney-coach horses in Oxford-road; I went to the fire; and going through the yard I saw Johnston and the prisoner standing together, the prisoner had his hands behind him; I asked him what he had there, and he said nothing: I took these three pans and a bag of nails from him; Mr. Tate said they were his property.


I am a watchman.


I was constable of the night; I produce five paring shovels, five pans, and two beef forks; the prisoner was brought in with them.

James Tate . The things have my shop-mark; the pans are marked with chalk, and the nails and beef forks with ink.


I had been drinking with my landlord and my landlady till near one o'clock; I was near drunk; my landlord and landlady went to quarrelling, and he said I should not sleep in the house that night, and he turned me out, and I went towards the Pound and wanted to evacuate; I went into a corner and there I found these things; I was going to bed at a public house; I had a guinea in my pocket at the time.

The prisoner called six witnesses who gave him a very good character.

GUILTY . (Aged 27.)

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-54

273. THOMAS VINCENT , was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 19th day of May , one live cock fowl value 4 s. two live hens, &c. value 3 s. and eight hens eggs, &c. value 8 d. the goods of Geo. Bidden .


I am a gentleman in the parish of St. Leonard, Shoreditch ; on Saturday evening the 19th of May, the fowls were all safe in an arched vault; I missed them on the Sunday; I gave information at Mr. Spiller's office, and Harper sent to me from Kingsland-road about five o'clock in the afternoon, there I saw a hen and eight eggs.


I received information of this robbery, and went to the prisoner's house, and he said he had no fowls but two Bantams; Armstrong went into the cellar and found both the Bantam hens sitting in the cellar; we took the prisoner, and then found the gentleman's hen and the eggs; he said he had the hen eight or nine days.

Pris. That is not truth, Mr. Harper.

Harper. It is, upon my oath.

Prosecutor. The eggs were marked from 70 to 80 upwards; the hen is remarkable, she has five toes; the eggs are marked with a black-lead pencil.


I was going to market, to Billingsgate, to buy fish, and I came back as there were no mackerel that would suit me; I bought the hen of a man who had got it wrapped up in his apron; I gave him 2 s. for her; I should not have kept it till the next day if I had stole it; I told Harper that I had bought the hen.


Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-55

274. ROBERT ANDREWS was indicted for stealing, on the 11th of April , a wooden cask value 6 d. five gallons of geneva, value 20 s. the property of John Read and Geo. Smith .


I am servant to Messrs. John Read and George Smith , in Fan-street, Aldersgate-street , distillers and brandy merchants : on the 11th of April, about ten in the morning, I was going to put a funnel into the cart, and saw the prisoner standing in the cart with a cask in his arms, when I came to him he was coming down the wheel with a cask under his right arm; I went to him and asked him what he was doing, and he put the cask into the cart again; then I asked him what he was going to do with the gin, and he said to drink it: I took him to my master, he was sober; the cask contained five gallons of gin.

- ANDERSON sworn.

I apprehended the prisoner.


Somebody pulled off my hat and threw it into the cart, and I got up for my hat; I was in liquor.


Tried by the London Jury before Mr. COMMON SERJEANT.

[Imprisonment. See summary.] [Whipping. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-56

275. GEORGE SMITH was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 14th day of May , one gold watch chain value 3 s. the goods of Geo. Littler , privily in his shop .

The case opened by Mr. Garrow.


On the 14th of this month, about half past seven, I was opening the shop; the prisoner came to the shop and asked if Mr. Littler was at home; I said no; he asked

what time would he be at home; I said perhaps in half an hour; he said he had told him of a gold repeating watch; I asked him if it was set round with pearl? I then shewed him the watch; he said that would do, and asked me the price; before I shewed him the watch he said don't you know me; he said I am Dr. Cooper, of Norfolk-street; I recollected there was such a person in Norfolk-street, therefore I had no doubt he was the person; then I shewed him the watch; there were some more watches in a glass case, and that he would take the gold watch also that Lady Caroline might have her choice: he put them both in his pocket; then I shewed some chains; he pitched upon one chain of three guineas, then he went away: as soon as he was gone I missed the other gold chain marked 3 l 5 s. there was no other person in the shop; I saw the chain at Sir Sampson's.


I am a pawnbroke, servant to Mr. Jones, pawnbroker in Fleet-street; I produce a gold watch chain received between the hours of one and three, of Mr. Smith, described to live in Holborn,; he told me he had given 3 l. 5 s. for it; I lent him 2 l. upon it; it has been in my possession ever since; I did not know the prisoner before.


This is my chain, I am sure of it; there is my private mark of the weight on it.

Dr. JOHN COOPER , sworn.

I never saw the prisoner in my life before, or did I ever give him or any other person, any authority to take goods upon my account.

The prisoner called two witnesses to his character.

GUILTY, 3 s . (Aged 21.)

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.

N. B. The chain was stated in the indictment at 3 s. by a mistake, which takes off the capital part of the offence.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-57

276. SAMUEL BUTCHER , was indicted for feloniously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of Elizabeth brockway , on the 13th of April last, in the day time, no person being therein, and stealing 10 pair of stockings, value 20 s. her property .

The prisoner was taken with the stockings.

GUILTY. Value 4 s .

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice ASHURST.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-58

277. ANN MILLS , was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 21st day of May , one black silk bonnet, value 4 s. the goods of John Sommers .


My wife lost her bonnet last Monday was a week; I came home about nine at night; I found my room door broke open; I enquired of my landlady if any body had been up to my room; she informed me that the prisoner at the bar had; I went to Mrs. Mortimer's, in Rose-street, and found my property; I found the prisoner there at supper, and she said the bonnet was hers.


I am wife to the last witness; (I produce the bonnet;) this bonnet is mine; I received it from the constable; I have had it ever since; I left this bonnet in my room when I went out, when I return'd the bonnet was gone, and the door broke open; I know it from my own work.


I keep the house where the prosecutor lodges; I saw the prisoner go up stairs; she did not speak to me; it was about eight o'clock at night.

Prisoner. I bought the bonnet near three weeks ago, I was not near the place; I have not sent to any body because I would not expose myself.


Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice ASHURST.

[Imprisonment. See summary.] [Fine. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-59

278. PETER MANCHA was indicted for stealing, on the 12th day of May a silver watch value 15 s. one pair of corderoy breeches value 7 s. and half a guinea , the goods of Thomas Waterow .


I am apprentice to John Douglas , a weaver in Oakley's-row, Spitalfields ; I lost the things on a Saturday morning at 4 o'clock; I was asleep in bed up two pair of stairs in the shop; he came to work at 4 o'clock in the morning; he had been at work five days before I missed the breeches from the top of my master's loom; the watch was in the window, the money was in my box; he, the prisoner, went away; I missed the things and I followed him; Randal Howard has them.


I let the prisoner in about a quarter past four o'clock in the morning; my wife heard him coming down stairs; the dog barked, and I thought he had done something wrong; I went up stairs and asked the boy where his watch was, and then we missed them.


The prisoner worked for me; I found the watch, half a guinea, and the breeches, on the prisoner at whitechapel; I took him into custody.

(The things produced and deposed to by the prosecutor.)

Prisoner. I have nothing to say.

The prisoner called one witness to his character.


Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-60

279. CATHARINE BULKLEY was indicted for stealing, on the 13th day of April , sixteen yards of thread lace value 6 s. the goods of Christopher Tennant .


Mr. Tennant is a linen-draper and haberdasher ; I am shopwoman; this happened on Friday the 13th of April about 4 o'clock; the prisoner came into the shop and requested to look at some lace; I shewed her some thread lace; I suspected her, and gave information to a servant of my suspicions, and refused to shew her any more: the servant followed her out, and in bringing her back she dropped a piece of lace from under her cloak, and I saw her drop it; the value of it is 6 s. I know it is Mr. Tennant's; I marked it myself; I had sold some of it; I missed it at the time; I have not the least doubt of the lace.


I followed the prisoner out; I did not see her drop any thing; I picked it up, it was between the woman and myself; I shewed it to Miss Lewis, and Miss Lewis said that was it.

Elizabeth Lewis . It is marked G I.


(Produces the lace) I received it from Henry Thomas , I have kept it ever since.


I was driving a barrowful of fruit that cost me 25 s. in a new barrow that cost me 11 s. 1 d. I met with another market woman, and she said she wanted a yard of lace; she had bought some before, and the child had put a candle behind her back and burnt it: I know and she knows I did not want lace; I wanted more a pair of shoes and smock to my back.


Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-61

280. CHARLES CRAWLEY was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 16th day of May one woman's hat value 4 s. the goods of Sebastian Juby .


I lost a woman's hat on the 16th of May; I was behind the counter serving a customer; that boy ran into my shop, and snatched it off the counter; I pursued him; I caught him in at a public house, and the hat along with him; I took the hat from him and brought him back; I sent for a constable, and took him to the Rotation-office, Litchfield-street; he was committed.

The prisoner called three witnesses who gave him a good character.


Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice ASHURST.

[Whipping. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-62

281. THOMAS DINGLEY was indicted for stealing on the second day of April one fig basket value 2 d. and ten pounds weight of figs value 2 s. the goods of Davis Cox .

DAVIS COX sworn.

I lost a basket of figs on the second of April about half past seven in the evening; I was behind the counter, my servant was lighting the candles; he jumped off a hogshead and cried stop thief! he ran out of doors, and brought in the prisoner and the basket which I marked; there was one missing out of the window.


I am servant to the prosecutor; I was lighting the candles, and the prisoner came in and put his hand to a basket of figs, and took them under his arm and ran away; he dropped them at the corner of Ironmonger-row: I am sure the prisoner is the man who came into the shop; I did not see him drop them; but I passed the place where they were dropped; a lamplighter jumped off his ladder and catched him; they are my master's figs.


I am a lamplighter; I was coming down my ladder and heard something drop; the prisoner ran by me about 100 yards up Ironmonger-row, and I took him; when I stopped him he asked me what I wanted: I took him to Mr. Cox.

(The figs produced.)


I was going up Ironmonger-row, and they stopped me; I don't know any more of the things than the child unborn; I was not running at all.

The prisoner called four witnesses to his character.

GUILTY . (Aged 20 .)

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

[Whipping. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-63

282. WILLIAM PEARCE was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 14th day of April last, a woollen blanket value 4 s. a linen sheet value 6 s. a box great coat value 31 s. a cloth coat value 1 s. and other things, the goods of John Oldridge , in his dwelling-house .


I live in White's-Alley, Bream's-buildings, Chancery-lane ; on Saturday I went to Billingsgate for salmon; I returned about six o'clock; I was informed I was robbed; I went to bow-street about a quarter past six; I found the prisoner in the watch-house; the constable has the things.

Mr. Garrow, Prisoner's Counsel. Do you know this lad? - Only since this affair.

Do you know any body that would take him into their service? - No.


The things mentioned in the indictment were in the first floor, a bed room; I saw the things about ten o'clock in the morning; I was the last person in the room, and double-locked the door; the blanket was on the bed, so was the sheet; a person was in the shop buying snuff, and they told me they saw a person going out with a large bundle; I went up stairs and found the door open; I missed the things; they are in the possession, I believe, of the constable, Mr. Walker; Charles Bray brought the prisoner back, and the things; they were the things I first missed.


I am a waiter at Joe's Coffee-house; on the 14th of April I was standing at Oldridge's door; somebody said Oldridge was robbed; I pursued the prisoner into Lincoln's-inn-fields; I took the prisoner and bundle to Oldridge's; the things were shewn to Mrs. Oldridge, who owned them.

Mr. Garrow. Did you live at Joe's Coffee-house at this time? - No, Sir, I lived at the White Lion, White's-alley.


I am a taylor and headborough; I produce the articles mentioned in the indictment; I received them from Bray.

Mrs. Oldridge. Deposes to the goods.

Charles Bray . The prisoner and another man were walking together; I could not hear what they said; there were no picklock keys found upon him that I know of.

Court to Oldridge. These clothes have been worn? - Yes, Sir; but the box coat is a very good one.


I can give an account how I came by the things: I was going through Bream's-buildings, which is near the prosecutor's house; a man asked me to carry that bundle to Clare-market for 6 d. I said I would, and I took it up and threw it a-cross my shoulder, and got half a-cross Lincoln's-Inn-fields, and there were some people running after us; I did not know what they were running after us for; the man who gave me the bundle ran away, and they took me.

The prisoner called three witnesses, who gave him a very good character.

GUILTY. 38 s .

Transported for seven years .

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

Reference Number: t17920523-64

283. JOHN WHITE was indicted for burglariously and feloniously breaking and entering the dwelling house of William Stamp , about the hour of eight in the night, on the 11th of April last, and feloniously stealing therein fifteen silk handkerchiefs value 3 l. his property .


I live in the Strand, the corner of Southampton-street ; my house was broke open the 11th of April; candles had been lighted about half an hour; I was standing behind my counter; it was dark without; there were two a-light in the shop, one near to this window that was broke; I was folding up some goods, and heard a great smash; I went directly to the window, and found the handkerchiefs were gone; some black, and some coloured; their value about three pounds; my shop door was fastened on the outside by a cord; I heard a cry of stop thief! the prisoner was pursued and brought back in the space of a minute or two; there were six black handkerchiefs on him, which Day brought to me; we found the rest in an area, in Southampton-street, about four doors from my house; I have kept them ever since; (produces them) there was a ticket on the black handkerchiefs at Bow-street,

but that was lost; part of that ticket was the mark of the warehouse where I bought them, and part my mark.

JOHN DAY sworn.

I sell fruit at the corner of Southamton-street; I was serving a person with six penny worth of oranges; I heard the glass break and pursued the prisoner; he was close by, I never lost sight of him; I took him with six black handkerchiefs upon him; I brought him back to the shop; there was no other person near him; I did not see him throw any thing away; I gave the handkerchiefs to Mr. Stamp, and I really believe these are the very same.


Between eight and nine I was crossing Southampton-street; I heard a jingling of glass; I saw a boy about the size of the prisoner at the bar start from the place, and I never lost sight of him till the mob surrounded him; I think he is the same boy.


I am an umbrella maker, I live opposite to Mr. Stamp; the night was dark; I heard the glass break; I saw the prisoner in custody; I picked up two handkerchiefs in an area, and the rest lay upon the rails which covered the area.

John Day . The boy ran straight up Southampton-street.


I had been to the Savoy for my father, and coming back, I came through Southampton-street, somebody ran by me and dropped something; I tried to pick it up, and this gentleman (pointing to John Day ) came and laid hold of me.

Guilty of stealing, to the value of 39 s. not of the burglary . (Aged 14)

Transported for seven years .

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

Reference Number: t17920523-65

284. WILLIAM GRANT was indicted for burglariously and feloniously breaking and entering the dwelling house of Christian Abryhall , on the 26th of April , and feloniously stealing therein six Holland shirts, value 1 l. 11 s. 6 d. one white cotton counterpane value 3 s. and one gown skirt value 2 s. his property .


I live at No. 21, New Quebec-street ; my house was not broke open; I rent the house and let lodgings: I had seven shirts to iron; I was ironing one, and the other six were taken away; they were Holland shirts: I had folded them down, and they lay in a little tub in my room; when I sat down to iron I shut the door, but did not lock it; I am sure it was shut; I missed a cotton counterpane, and a linen gown skirt: I went the morning afterwards to the pawnbrokers, and next day to the Rotation-office: I have never seen any thing but four shirts since.


I am a house-keeper; I had this property to wash; they belong to the Duke of Athol; I sent the shirts to Mrs. Abryhall to iron; I wrapped them up in the other things to keep them clean.

JOHN LEED sworn.

I am a pawnbroker; I produce four Holland shirts pawned by the prisoner, two on Thursday, and two on Friday, each about nine in the evening (produces the shirt); I stopped the prisoner on Saturday evening in consequence of a hand-bill; I have known him three years.

(Abryhall and Bembridge deposes to the shirts.


My lord and gentlemen, I met a man near Macclesfield-street, who asked me if I wanted some shirts; I said yes; and he

took me up to George-yard, and asked me 6 s. a piece; I pawned two of them to make the money up; if I had thought they had been stolen, I should scarcely have taken them to pledge: I have lived in credit, and do so now, except this accusation.

Guilty of stealing to the value of 1 l. 11 s. 6 d. not of the burglary .

Transported for seven years .

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

Reference Number: t17920523-66

285. MARY COCKYANE was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 26th of April , four umbrellas, value 10 s. the goods of Thomas Hamlet .


I am a dealer in umbrellas ; I live in St. Martin's-court ; I was serving some gentlemen; my servant informed me a woman had taken some umbrellas; he pursued her and brought her back.


I saw the prisoner take one umbrella off a hook at my master's shop door; I went after her and brought her back; she had two umbrellas under her arm.


I sell fruit; I had a chest of oranges; the prisoner came and desired to leave two umbrellas with me (two umbrellas produced.)

Prosecutor. I believe they are mine.

Two other umbrellas produced by the constable, who said he had them from Myers.


I did not know what I was about.


Recommended by the Jury.

Fined 1 s. and imprisoned one week .

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

Reference Number: t17920523-67

286. THOMAS DOYLE , was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 17th of April , a pair of leather boots value 14 s. and a pair of leather shoes value 4 s. the goods of Archibald Read .


I live in King-street, Seven-dials ; on Monday the 16th of April, the prisoner came to my shop, and desired to be fitted with a pair of boots and a pair of shoes; he desired them to be sent to his lodgings; he desired them to be sent in an hour; I sent them next day by my servant.


I went with the boots and shoes to the prisoner's lodgings; he was at breakfast; I gave him the bill, and he would not pay me; and locked me in, and kept me above an hour; he threatened to kick me, and throw me out of the window; I sent for a friend of my master's, and we found the prisoner getting over the wall with the boots on and the shoes in his pocket.

Mr. Garrow, Prisoner's Counsel. You went up into the room, and there were two women, and I think there was something about a handkerchief being lost, and the woman locked the door? - Yes.


Confirmed the last witness.

(Read deposes to the boots and shoes.)


I have known the prisoner four years; he is a bookbinder by profession, and bears a most excellent character.


The young man brought them on the 16th of April; I told him he was not at home, but would be so by ten next morning; the shoemaker said, try them on, Sir; then the prisoner asked him if he had brought the bill; he produced the bill, and

the prisoner said if you will wait till I have breakfasted, I will go with you to my master and pay you; the shoemaker then called the prisoner a swindling puppy, and several other names; then the prisoner said he would kick him; and the boy went down stairs and raised a mob about the door; I don't suppose he wanted to steal them, for I offered to pay for them if his father did not.


Fined 1 s. and imprisoned one month .

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. COMMON SERJEANT.

Reference Number: t17920523-68

287. THOMAS BARTON was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 27th day of April last, one jean waistcoat, value 6 s. the goods of John Boyd ; and one pair of breeches and a pair of stockings, value 3 s. the goods of John Lewis .

JOHN BOYD sworn.

I am a servant to Mr. Stewart; the 27th of April I was up stairs with my master; coming down I saw Thomas Barton , I asked him who sent him there? he said a person sent him in (who was at the door) and told him to take what he could: I stopped him.


I heard a scuffle in the passage; and saw the things lying at my fellow-servant's feet.

- FLETCHER sworn.

I am constable, and produce the property.


Transported for seven years .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. COMMON SERJEANT.

Reference Number: t17920523-69

288. THOMAS YORKE was indicted for stealing, on the 5th of May , four pair of plated buckles, and one pair of black studded buckles, value 20 s. the property of John Davies .

The prisoner pawned the buckles, which he had from the prosecutor to polish.


Transported for seven years .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. COMMON SERJEANT.

Reference Number: t17920523-70

289. JOHN WILKINS was indicted for stealing 30 pounds weight of veal, value 16 s. the property of Eleanor Derose .


I am a market woman : on a Friday, about two months ago, I went to get a pennyworth of porter; and coming up to the watch-house, the constable had the veal in his custody.


Please you, my Lord, I found the veal.

GUILTY . (Aged 33.)

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. COMMON SERJEANT.

[Whipping. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-71

290. JOHN POWER was indicted for stealing one pair of leather shoes, value 2 s. on the 13th of April , the property of William Grove .


I am a shoemaker ; on the 13th of last April the prisoner came into my shop, and asked for a pair of shoes; I heard one drop in the shop, and immediately suspected him; again another dropped in the street, and I charged him with a constable: the one that fell in the street was near the other.

GUILTY , (Aged 37.)

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. COMMON SERJEANT.

[Whipping. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-72

291. SAMUEL GEORGE was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 7th day of April , 2 s. 6 d. the monies of Cha. Charlesworth .


I am a haberdasher ; the prisoner was my shopman , and had been about five weeks; on the 7th of April last, about seven o'clock in the evening, I observed the prisoner giving change from the till; he appeared to conceal some money in his right hand; on turning from the till he put it into his coat pocket; I called him in a minute or two afterwards into a back room; I charged him with defrauding me, and insisted on seeing what he had put in his pocket, saying his coat pocket, he produced a shilling; I desired him to give me an account of what he had in his waistcoat pocket; he took out 6 s. 9 d. I charged him with having taken it that day; he said that he had not taken the whole of it, only 18 d.

Prisoner. I leave it to my counsel.

Mr. Garrow called five respectable witnesses, who all gave him an excellent character.

GUILTY . (Aged 22.)

Fined 1 s. and imprisoned three months .

Recommended by the prosecutor, on account of his friends and good character.

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

Reference Number: t17920523-73

292. GEORGE HAZARD was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 2d of May , five ounces weight of silver, value 20 s. the goods of Peter Bateman and Ann Bateman .

The indictment was opened by Mr. Marriot, the case by Mr. Knapp.


I am servant to Mess. Bateman; I know the prisoner at the bar; on the 2d of May last, while I was up in the shop, I saw Mr. Hazard take some silver out of his skin, put it in some paper, and then into a box over his head; he turned the key; this was between the hours of eight and nine: after that I observed him take it from the box and put it into his pocket; it was wrapped up in paper: I looked into the skin, and finding it was gone I informed my master. After he left the shop there were three or four people left in the room. I don't know any thing more that passed that evening.

Mr. Garrow, prisoner's counsel. Do not the workmen's coats usually hang up in the shop? - Yes; but this was in a bag.


The prisoner worked for me on the 2d of May; on that day I received an information from West.


I am a constable; I worked for Mr. Bateman; I received some of Mr. Bateman's property (produces it); I took it out of the prisoner's hand, and he said it was his master's property. (The silver opened and shewn to the prosecutor.)

Prosecutor. This is what we call filings, clippings, and cuttings.


Fined 1 s. and imprisoned 12 months .

The prosecutor desired the prisoner might be allowed to go as an East India soldier.

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

[Provide sureties for good behaviour. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17920523-74

293. CHARLES DARBY , SAM. COWARD , and WILLIAM HOY , were indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 12th day of May , two iron spades, value 2 s. the goods of William Todd .


A little after five o'clock, on Monday last, I missed two spades; I found them at the watch-house; they are here.


I was watching some gardens and I saw three young fellows come over some fields; I followed Darby and took this spade out of his hand; the other two were with him at the time; I told them they were doing that which was not right, and they should go with me. Hoy had another spade on his shoulder, and the hammer Coward had. (The articles produced.) The prisoners said they found them on the road.


I am a watchman on Stepney Green, I helped to secure them.

Darby. Did we make any resistance? - No.


I am a witness only to seeing the things the last witness has before described.

Prosecutor. The things were taken from my tool-house, in a garden in Mile End Road . The hammer and spades are marked H. T.


Please you, my lord, we found them in a ditch; we had been to Bow, and returning we found them. Please to let the jury examine them, to see if there is enough to swear (examined by the jury) to them, because those letters may answer the initials of other people's names.

Prosecutor. There is a notch in the edge of the spade that I can prove it by.

Coward called one witness, a captain, with whom he came from America, who gave him a good character.

CHARLES DARBY , (Aged 20.) WM. HOY, (Aged 19.)

GUILTY , whipped .

SAM. COWARD, (Aged 18.)

GUILTY , Judgment respited .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

Reference Number: t17920523-75

294. JOHN JACKSON was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 17th day of May , three linen shifts, value 6 s. the goods of John Darby .


I am the wife of John Darby . We lost the shifts on Thursday last. My husband keeps the Golden Anchor at Mile End ; we hired the prisoner as a waiter for the day; the things were taken from the dining room. I found in the prisoner's coat pocket three shifts, unmade, and an old table cloth. I am sure by the general appearance of the linen that it is mine. The prisoner said the house waiter gave them to him.


I am a patrol of Mile End; on the night of the 17th, I took charge of the prisoner; the prisoner said the waiter gave them to him. (Produces the property.)


I had worked hard all the day at this house, till 11 o'clock at night; I had perhaps taken a glass of wine too much, and was heavy and drowsy; I went to sleep, and the house waiter and another there, thought I was going to get his place, and I verily believe that it was a designed thing of them; they put the things in my pocket; my character is very good; I have waited at all the respectable taverns in this metropolis.

GUILTY (Aged 45.)

Whipped and imprisoned one month .

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

Reference Number: t17920523-76

295. ELIZABETH MATTHEWS was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 29th of March last, three cotton half shawls, value 5 s. the goods of Anthony Dobbins , privately in his shop .


The prisoner came into Mr. Dobbin's shop, and asked for some shawls; my mistress and I shewed her some, but she said there were none she liked. I turned round, and as she moved her hands very quick, I suspected the had got something, and I was resolved I would see what she had got; she bid 2 s. 4 d. for a shawl which I offered at 2 s. 9 d. She said she wanted to go to the pawnbroker's; I suffered her to go to the door, and then I jumped over the counter and followed her, and she dropped the shawls; I have had them ever since; they are my master's property; I am sure they are his property by the mark.


I was going by the door and a young woman coming out in a hurry dropped something. I never did such a thing in my life; they took me before a justice and swore to me. I hope you will have mercy on me.

GUILTY, Stealing, not privately .

Transported for seven years .

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

Reference Number: t17920523-77

296. ALEXANDER MASSEY was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 13th of May , one silver table spoon, value 5 s. a pair of cotton hose, value 1 s. a pair of shoes, value 2 s. and a muslin neckcloth, value 1 s. the goods of Lewis George Dive , Esq .


The prisoner has been my servant ; I had discharged him on the 13th of this month; I knew nothing of the robbery till I was told by a servant of mine, that Massey was in custody for offering a silver spoon. I attended at Bow-street, and was desired to attend the following day, when I saw the things mentioned in the indictment.


On Monday the 14th of May, my lord, the prisoner at the bar brought this spoon to my shop to sell; I asked him how he came by it; he told me he bought it of a boy in the street. I took him into custody.

Court. You did very right, Sir; I wish every pawnbroker would do the same.


I went to live as servant with Mr. Dive, on Saturday the 11th of May. My master gave me 19 spoons, and told me there would be another to make 20.


I was sent for to Mr. Heather's, on Monday the 13th of May, to search the prisoner; I searched him and found these duplicates.


On the 9th of May, a person who called himself George Deane , and who I believe to be the prisoner, pawned a pair of shoes for 4 s. (Produces the shoes) I gave him a duplicate, which was found upon him. My master's name is Henry Turner .


I am servant to a pawnbroker. I know the prisoner; he pawned a neckcloth on the 20th of March, for 1 s. at our house, in the name of John Deane .


I am servant to a pawnbroker, Mary Minns ; the prisoner pawned a pair of cotton hose and a neckcloth with me; (Produced.) I gave him two duplicates.

(Mr. Dive deposes to the handle of the spoon, and to a muslin neckcloth.)

Prisoner. My lord, I am a young man from the country, and have no friends come up. I leave myself to the mercy of the court.

GUILTY . (Aged 20.)

Transported for seven years .

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

Reference Number: t17920523-78

297. WILLIAM RANDALL and JAMES LEMAN BAKER were indicted for burglariously and feloniously breaking and entering the dwelling house of Thomas Gibbons , about the hour of ten in the night, on the 8th of April last, and burglariously stealing therein a silver watch, value 30 s. one pair of shoes, value 2 s. two silver table spoons, value 16 s. nine cotton gowns, value 9 l. two gold wire ear-rings, value 2 s. a pair of shoe and knee buckles, value 5 s. and three guineas in monies, numbered, the property of Thomas Gibbons ; seven gowns, value 3 l. three black cloaks, value 2 l. one red ditto, value 10 s. nine silk handkerchiefs, value 18 s. two tuckers, value 2 s. one half guinea, and a Spanish dollar, value 4 s. 6 d. the property of Eliz. Gibbons ; two silk gowns, value 20 s. three cotton gowns, value 30 s. a silver watch, value 30 s. three linen shifts, value 10 s. two black silk cloaks, value 20 s. six guineas in monies, numbered, and a bank note, value 10 l. the property of Jane Mole .

And MARY, wife of Paul Randall , and MARY RANDALL , spinster , were indicted for feloniously receiving part and parcel of the said goods, knowing them to have been stolen .

The case opened by Mr. Schoen.


I live at the Folly-House, Blackwall . About 10 o'clock, on Easter Sunday, I heard some people at my door; I unbolted it directly, and three or four men forced me down; I do not recollect who; when they knocked at the door first, they threw something over my head; I was afraid to look up or open my eyes, as they swore they would blow my brains out; they asked me what money I had in my pocket; I said about two guineas, or two and a half; they took my shoe and knee buckles; they asked me what money I had in the house; I told them I had three or four guineas in my bureau. I lost nine gowns, they were my deceased wife's, two pair of gold wire earrings, and several silk handkerchiefs; the silver watch and gold rings were mine; they took three or four guineas; they staid in the house between four and five hours. I was released at three in the morning.

JANE MOLE sworn.

The last witness is my son-in-law. On Easter Sunday I was sitting on one side the fire, and Body Spearman on the other; a man came up to the right hand of the fire and presented a pistol to his face; I got up and turned the pistol from his face; I was thrown down and my face covered; I could not for a minute or two recover my surprize; they took a 10 l. note out of my housewife; I do not know the date, or number of the note; they confined me four hours and a half, while they were rummaging and supping. I lost five gowns, three shifts, and two black cloaks, and about six guineas, I cannot say how much; after they had taken what they pleased, they supped upon cold roast pork, and sucked 15 eggs.


I am sister to the prosecutor. On Easter Sunday, at night, I was sitting in the bar, about 10 o'clock, some body came to the door, and my brother went to see who it was, and they said they wanted something to drink; two men came into the bar, one with a pistol, the other with a cutlass; the man with the cutlass desired me to lie down, or he would cut my head off; I laid down and he tied my head with a child's frock; after that they wrapped my head up in a blanket, and rifled my pockets; as soon as that was done, they began plundering the bar; I could hear but not see. I lost seven gowns, three black cloaks, and a red one, nine silk handkerchiefs, two tuckers, and some black lace, I don't know how much; a half guinea in gold, and a Spanish dollar; I suppose the whole together about 15 l.


I am a servant to Gibbons. I had been out, and returned home about 11 o'clock; I knocked at the door, and somebody came to the door and asked who was there; I said it

is me, sir, thinking it was my master; as soon as the door was opened, a man catched me by the collar, and told me to lay down; I did not lay down directly, and the crape fell off his face, and I saw a mole on his cheek; I looked round and saw a man with a candle in his hand, and a stick; I think Randall knocked me down; he was the man, I think, who was standing behind the door, not him with the crape and mole; when they had knocked me down on my master, they fetched a table cloth and covered my head, hat, and all; before they went away they tied my hands behind me, and dragged me into the kitchen.

Prisoner Randall. Did not you swear to a man at Bow-street? - Yes.

( Elizabeth Payne called.)

Prisoner Baker. I hope, my Lord, you will examine that witness and character; she has been convicted at this bar.

Court to Mr. Shelton. What was the crime for which she was convicted? - Grand larceny, my Lord.


I lived in Mary Randall 's house. She kept an oil shop. She lived in the ground floor under my room. I was at home on the night of Easter Sunday, to the best of my knowledge, about nine o'clock, I was coming down stairs with a lighted candle, then I saw five men go into Mrs. Randall's apartments; of which Leman Baker and Wm. Randall were two; Randall had then a blue jacket on; I was out about a quarter of an hour that night; I returned and Mrs. Randall's door was shut; I went to bed, and about three on Easter Monday morning, I was awaked by some men talking; I sat upright in my bed, and the first word I heard one of them say, I could not tell which it was, that they had had a better supper that night than for some time; I knew William Randall 's voice above the rest; I have known him a long while; he was one of the company; Wm. Randall said he had his skin full of liquor; some words passed I did not understand, but I heard one of them say they had had fine fun with the boy, and Mrs. Randall made answer and said, it was a pity they had not cut off all their heads; then one of the men seemed to be very sick in the yard; I opened my shutter and window softly; I looked into the yard and saw it was Leman Baker; I looked at him two minutes; I saw his face very plain; there was a candle burning, but it was dawn of day then, or moon light; then they came into the back room, and some of them said what have you done with the black cloaks; then somebody said they had not them, and they began to wrangle; then somebody said you have planted them (which I understood hid); and somebody said let us count the gowns, and they counted one and twenty; my apartment is over the back room, and when they went into the fore room I could not hear what they said; on Monday I went to a neighbour's house and staid there all day, and in the evening I came home; as I was coming in I met five men coming out with some bundles, and a coach standing on the causeway; these two men I saw, and knew them to be two of the five; they put the bundles into a coach, and got in and went away; on Tuesday morning, Polly Randall , the little girl at the bar, brought me up a scarlet cloak, bound with scarlet ribbons, and told me her mother desired me to pawn it, and some silk handkerchiefs, which I refused; the girl left the cloak hanging at the back of my chair; she came and told me she had told her mother, and took the cloak and pawned it, and she staid a long time; her mother was very uneasy, and asked me to see and find her; she said she was afraid something had happened; I met the girl, she shewed me a duplicate, but I did not look at it; about three in the afternoon, Polly Randall came to me to a neighbour's, where I was washing, and desired me to come to her mother; I told her I would follow her in a few minutes; I did so in about three minutes, and I met Polly coming out of her mother's apartment with something in her apron, and she ran up my stairs, and told me to follow her, which I

did, and when I came into my room, she pulled a gown out of her apron, the same patten as this (pulling out a piece), with an old fashioned plated back; Mrs. Mole gave me this piece; the girl said her mother desired me to pawn it; I told her I could not leave my work; I pointed this piece out as the pattern out of several; I put it into a cupboard, and it was in my room; I went down stairs then; early the next morning, the girl came up and desired me to pawn a gown, I said I was sure that was too big for her mother, and asked her where she got it; upon this question the girl seemed to be surprized, said they were theirs, and told me if I would not tell her mother she would tell me; I never saw the cloak or gown afterwards; this blue coat Polly-Randall brought up into my apartment, and told me she was afraid that her mother's apartment might be again searched.

Prisoner Baker. Were not you apprehended for this robbery? - No, I gave the information against them.

Did you ever say that you did not know Baker? - I said I could not rightly say till I saw his face; he stooped down, and had a knife in his mouth, which he bit exceedingly; when I saw his face plain I swore to him; the woman prisoner told the justice that this coat belonged to Leman Baker; which Baker did tell me to sell the coat and keep the money; I thought it improper to sell the coat, and told Mrs. Randall of it, and she said it was Baker's coat, and he might do what he pleased with it. Mrs. Randall told me she intended to be an evidence against the rest of the men, and if I would be so kind as to go to her brother, and tell William Randall , she meant to be an evidence, and if he would not be an evidence, she would turn one against him, and hang them all; I told him, and he said he would turn evidence, and that there were three of them in a house in Old-street Road; Leman Baker was one of them; but that he was afraid to have them taken that night, as they would turn evidence against him. Eliz. Bell came into the prison.

What prison? - New Prison, where Randall was confined. She told Randall where those three men were, and asked what he was taken up for.


I am a seaman. On Easter Monday morning I was at Mr. Perry's house, No. 3, Limehouse Causeway. I have lived with Mary Payne these four years. I was awoke before day-light, on Easter Monday, by a noise; I missed my bed-fellow; I found her up with the window open; I said Bet, what are you doing here? she made answer and said, cannot you hear; I sat up in my bed and heard a parcel of men wrangling about black cloaks; one said they were certainly there, and another man said they must be planted; then they counted the gowns, and they said there were 21 gowns; after which they left that room and went forwards; I then left Payne at the window and fell a sleep. On Saturday night following, Mrs. Randall and her daughter Elizabeth came into my room, and produced a pistol, and desired me to hide it; she said it was her brothers, and she was afraid the officers would come and search; on Tuesday following I came from work, and in my cupboard I saw a gown, I asked Payne whose it was, she told me it was Randall's, I said to her, carry the gown down again, for it shall not be here; she made answer and said the woman is not at home; it remained in my room till Wednesday morning; on Wednesday morning Mary Randall , the young prisoner, came up and asked Eliz. Payne to pledge it; I asked her whose gown it was, and she said, if so be you will not tell my mother I will tell you; she said her uncle gave it to her mother, and that it came from the Folly-House.

JOHN COOK sworn.

I am a headborough. I had a warrant to search Randall's house; she was not at home; in the back room cupboard I found a black silk handkerchief; I searched further and found some duplicates; I found in the yard these two cutlasses, and a pistol, covered over with mould; ten duplicates I found

in the back room, and seven I found in a bird cage, covered with seed; one of the duplicates indicated six breadths of cotton, at Gardner's, a pawnbroker; I went directly and stopped the property; in the other ten duplicates there is nothing allusive to this robbery.

Catherine Gibbons . This bit of cotton produced by Cook, is part of the trimming of a gown, and these two tuckers are my property; and this black silk handkerchief; I made them myself.

- GARDNER sworn.

I am a pawnbroker. Mary Randall pledged these six pieces of cotton (Produces the cotton) with me, and said they were for her mother.

Jane Mole . This is a fore part of a petticoat of my deceased daughter's; this is a fore part of my own petticoat; and this is another fore part of a gown. I desired my things might not be valued at more than half what they were worth.


I produce two handkerchiefs.

Prisoner Baker. Does your Lordship appear to be satisfied that Elizabeth Payne was convicted in this court.

Court. Yes, and the act of parliament has stated a punishment equivalent to burning in the hand, which she has endured, and which restores her competence as an evidence.


On Easter Sunday, about half an hour past eleven, Randall came out of Mr. Ruck's, and went home and had supper, and sent for a pint of beer, and smoked his pipe by the fire, and went to bed; and he never got up till between six and seven the next morning.

Mr. Schoen. What night was this? - The Sunday night.

You live with him? - Yes.

On what day was it you went from the Pitt's Head with a message to Randall? - I don't know the house.


I am a widow. This woman came to me on Easter Wednesday, and brought a cloak, and begged that I would go and pawn it; I said no, but the child might go; which she did, and brought 10 s. she gave me the duplicate; she said that she knew of a good speak, and she would row in it; my Lord, she knows I am alone woman, and that this girl was the eldest of seven children that I had to work for; she said she had plenty of plants; and she knows there were a cutlass and an iron crow found up her chimney. I hope your Lordship will consider my case.


GUILTY , Death .

(Not of the burglary).

MARY, wife of Paul Randall , GUILTY .

Transported for fourteen years .


Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice ASHURST.

Reference Number: t17920523-79

298. THOMAS GRAY was indicted for burglariously and feloniously breaking and entering the dwelling house of John Rice , at the hour of nine in the night, on the 9th of April last, and burglariously stealing therein, two sheets, value 4 s. a woollen blanket, value 3 s. his property; a man's cloth great coat, value 2 s. a man's cloth jacket, value 2 s. a pair of breeches, value 3 s. and a shirt, value 6 d. the property of Joseph Phillips .


I am wife of John Rice . He is a house keeper. I only prove the property; it was very near nine in the evening when the things were lost; I lost a pair of sheets, value 4 s. a blanket, value 3 s. the property of my husband; I saw them that morning on the

bed; a man's great coat, a jacket, a pair of velveteen breeches, and a shirt; they belonged to Joseph Phillips , one of our journeymen ; I do not know their value.


I am a workman with the prosecutor. I came home about ten minutes before eight and fastened the door: there were two keys; one the prosecutor had, and Phillips had the other; I borrowed one to let myself in, and kept it till near nine o'clock; I got the key of Mr. Rice's son.


I am one of the patrols of St. James's, Clerkenwell. I met the prisoner between eight and nine, on the 9th of April, with a bundle; I asked him what he had; he said they were things of his own; I asked him where he was going with them; he said he was going to St. Giles's; he said he had a blanket, a pair of sheets, a pair of breeches, and a jacket; but there were more things which he did not mention; I bid him come into the publick-house; he said he would, but he ran away and left the bundle; he slipped down, and I took him; the bundle has been in my possession ever since; the great coat was never found; I did not search the prisoner.

(The things belonging to Mr. Rice produced, and deposed to by Mrs. Rice, and the shirt, the property of Joseph Phillips , which she made.)


(Deposes to the jacket): I had it on at work all that day; I pulled it off at half past seven and hung it up on a turn-up-bedstead in the room where I sleep. (Deposes to the breeches.)


I picked up this bundle at a door at Islington.

The prisoner called two witnesses, who gave him a good character.

GUILTY of stealing . (Aged 22.)

Transported for seven years .

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron PERRYN .

Reference Number: t17920523-80

299. THOMAS GORTLEY was indicted, and the indictment charges, that David Ramsey , late of the parish of St. Giles in the Fields, surgeon , on the 30th of April last, was possessed of 2,300 l. transferable shares of and in a certain capital stock established by certain acts of parliament; and that the said David Ramsey , on the said 23d of April, was the true and real and lawful proprietor of the said 2,300 l. so established as aforesaid; and that the said David Ramsey , in respect to the said 2,300 l. transferable shares, then and there, on the said 23d of April , was entitled to the receipt of, and from the Governor and Company of the Bank of England, the said money, at the rate of 3 l. per 100 l. by the year, which said half-year's annuity became due on the 5th of April last; and that the prisoner well knowing the premises, and intending to deceive and defraud the said Governor and Company of the Bank of England, did falsely, deceitfully, and feloniously, personate the said David Ramsey , then and there being the true and real and lawful proprietor, and thereby did then and there feloniously endeavour to receive the sum of 34 l. 10 s. the money of the said David Ramsey , as if he was the true and lawful owner of the said money .

There were four other Counts for the same offence, only varying the manner of charging it.

The indictment opened by Mr. Garrow: and the case by Mr. Fielding, as follows:

May it please your Lordship. Gentlemen of the Jury, I have the honour, with my friend, to address myself to you in the employ

of the Governor and Company of the Bank of England. My learned friend has stated to you the nature of the charge, which is now brought forward against the prisoner; it is in short this species of offence, namely, of assuming the name and character of a Mr. Ramsey, in order to receive, at the proper office for the payment of that sort of money, a dividend upon stock, of which Mr. Ramsey was the proprietor; he, at the time he applied to the clerk of the Bank, saying, that he was the Mr. David Ramsey himself, and entitled to that stock. You will easily perceive that the crime imputed to the prisoner is a capital offence; and to Gentlemen of your description, it would be unpardonable in me if I was to engross much of your time, or the time of the Court, in many observations on the utility, the consequence, and the importance in that vast machine of publick credit, the Bank of England. Gentlemen, how infinitely it imports the publick, that every officer in that employ should exert all possible vigilance to guard against the first approaches of fraud at that place, must strike every body before ever such object is mentioned. Gentlemen, the particular circumstances of the present case lay within a very small compass, and are such as I am afraid will preclude the unhappy man at the bar from any possibility of defence; and the officers at the Bank exerting very proper industry on the occasion, when this matter came to light, have done, as it highly became them to do, they have inquired into every circumstance of this young man's life; we therefore have come at his parentage, and the situation he has been in; we have come to the means that he has been supplied for two years past; he has been in London, and has, the greatest part of that time, lodged at the Bolt and Tun, in Fleet-street: at his father's decease he was entitled to a sum of money not amounting to 600 l.; it was invested in the funds in the year 1790: so long ago as July 1791 every halfpenny of that property was sold out; but, during the time it remained there, highly probable it is, that he had opportunities of visiting the Bank and of knowing the procedure of that place: on the 23d of April, the young man at the bar applied to the Reduced Annuity office, for the purpose of receiving the dividend in question - a Mr. Fearing is the clerk in that department; it was then about half past two o'clock when he made his application to Mr. Fearing, saying, that he wanted a dividend; Mr. Fearing looked at him, and asked him his name; he immediately replied, that his name was David Ramsey ;

"What is the stock?" Mr. Fearing asked, he then said it was 2,300 l. Mr. Fearing went on with other questions that were necessary, and asked him what interest was due on the money; he answered without much hesitation, that there was a twelvemonth due; Mr. Fearing looking at the book, and seeing that there was some back dividend due, but not amounting to what he himself specified, then asked him,

"Are you sure you are right?"

"Yes," says he,

"I am sure I am right; my name is David Ramsey ." -

"Is that your name," said Mr. Fearing,

"It is; and my stock is 2,300 l.; but whether I am right or not in the interest that is due, I cannot be certain, because I gave to my brother a power of attorney to receive for me." Mr. Fearing, upon this intimation, knowing extremely well that if any dividend had been received, on a power of attorney, that there would be means: appearing on the book by which to know it; and seeing that there was no mention at all, or any entry regarding a power of attorney, he again interrogated the prisoner at the bar, whether he was sure of the stock; he again then said,

"Yes, I am; my name is David Ramsey, of the navy, a surgeon." Mr. Fearing gave him the dividend warrant, the dividend book was open; he took the dividend warrant, he subscribed to that dividend warrant the name of David Ramsey , and he subscribed in the book likewise that name. Upon his mentioning that he was David Ramsey, a surgeon in the navy, such circumstances came out as brought forward a recollection, according to the best of Mr. Fearing's apprehension, of the person of a Mr. David Ramsey , a surgeon in the navy; he said to him then,

"Why, if I am not wrong, if I have any recollection

of Mr. David Ramsey , the surgeon, he is a much older man than you;" upon which, with some alarm, but not with any very great degree of hesitation, he then said, that Mr. David Ramsey was his father: now, Gentlemen, on this state of the business let me call your attention for a moment; the act of Parliament which describes this offence, and which, with all becoming care, the legislator has attempted to guard against every possible approach, and every stage of fraud that could be committed against the Bank of England; and has expressly noted this as a species of crime which was completed at the very moment that he said to Mr. Fearing, that he was David Ramsey , when he was Thomas Gortley , that is the crime the act has specified, namely, personating another with intent to defraud the Bank. Gentlemen, I need not take up much time in explaining the law, as it has been elucidated by a case that has gone before the Judges, because my Lord knows the case: he had therefore completed the offence in every particle of it; he applied to the Bank clerk for the purpose, and therefore endeavoured to receive this dividend; and he assumed the name and description of David Ramsey . Now then, Gentlemen, you are perfectly possessed of the nature of this offence, together with those circumstances that must arise in order to constitute the offence, namely, the application being made so as to manifest the endeavours to receive the dividend under a false and assumed representation of another. Mr. Fearing, on his having mentioned that Mr. David Ramsey was his father, not at that moment alarmed about all the other circumstances, which would, if he had had time to consider of them, of course struck a very considerable alarm in his mind; he then asked him, if his father had made a will for, that if it was his father's stock he could not pay it then: the person said to Mr. Fearing,

"What degree of proof will be necessary for me to receive this?" -

"You must produce your father's will." -

"My father's will is in the Commons; but I have a copy of it, and in ten minutes I will bring it." A Mr. Plestow, who had been present, asked him who was the executor, he said himself was the executor; and mentioned two other persons who were executors in the father's will, and one Gentleman named Tozer. Gentlemen, you will find the name of Tozer will become infinitely material. At that time he went away without being interrupted at all by Mr. Fearing or Mr. Plestow; he never returned; the matter resting then under all the circumstances that I have just stated to you, Mr. Fearing thinking perhaps it probable that he should return either on that day, or on some subsequent day, thought no more of the business; but a conversation happening between him and Mr. Plestow, which I am not at liberty to state to you, all the circumstances became strongly possessed on their minds: this was the 23d of April; it was on Monday. On the Monday following, Mr. Fearing going from his department in the Bank into the 4 per cent. office, he there saw, and recognized, the prisoner at the bar; he looked at him, and he was sure it was the man; he had not a sort of doubt about it; he very prudently went to the office where Mr. Plestow was, and told him, and desired him to go to look at the prisoner; as soon as ever he came into the office he saw him, he recognized him, he was sure, Gentlemen; therefore, you see now that this evidence, which will be necessary to support the charge here, will be evidence of person, what they call the evidence of identity. Now certain it is, that in many cases that may be stated, the evidence of person, or identity, may appear to be so evasive that it must, under the circumstances of the case, be received with much hesitation; and men will ponder extremely before they will determine in many cases of the evidences of identity; such, for instance, as a man being robbed on the highway, who is certainly flurried, and his mind not perfectly cool, and not perfectly at ease; you always will indulge a probability in favour of an accused person, that there has been a mistake; but if ever there was a case in the world where the evidence of identity must be stronger than any other,

it is in the case that you have now before you. Mr. Fearing perfectly cool, without the least degree of alarm on his mind, but a curiosity necessarily and naturally excited, having every opportunity of looking at the young man; Mr. Plestow with him, having the same opportunity, both being cool, nothing to disturb or irritate the mind, the circumstance making an impression on the memory, so as to keep it alive for a week, when the opportunity arose again of confirming them in this manner; therefore, Gentlemen, with respect to the evidence of identity, those two witnesses, who can have no possible bias on their minds, but rather the contrary, must stand before you while you will search most deliberately indeed every circumstance with they assert, so that you may be enabled, and you will greedily grasp at, if you are enabled to suppose there was a mistake; but if you are convinced that they are certain in their minds that that person is the prisoner at the bar, to be sure then it will be your duty to be guided by that testimony. Gentlemen, soon after Mr. Plestow had seen him, he communicated it to the Accomptant of the Bank of England, the Accomptant went to him, and he was desired to walk into his room, he did walk into his room, communication was immediately made to the Governor, who of course directed he should be detained. He sat in the room of the Accomptant for near three quarters of an hour without asking any question at all; what may be the infence resulting from that, I will not attempt to anticipate, you will, I am sure, according to the best of your knowledge in human nature, give it that interpretation which is fair, wishing at the same time to give it that interpretation that is merciful; but if in your examination of the human heart, you should be convinced this is a circumstance, which added to the others I have related, shall be a manifestation of guilt, of course you, in your duty to the publick, will receive it as such. Gentlemen, soon after this he was taken to the office of Sir Sampson Wright, there he went under an examination; Mr. Fearing and Mr. Plestow both told their story; he told his, so far as he chose to tell it; but at the time he made his application to Mr. Fearing at first, he was differently dressed to what he was on the following Monday; Mr. Fearing and Mr. Plestow, therefore, described that circumstance: he had a black coat on, as he has now; he had an under waistcoat, which struck them both to be the waistcoat that he had on when he made his first application; but in describing his clothes he had on the first day, on the search being made at his lodgings, those clothes were found there. Mr. Plestow and Mr. Fearing had both of them remarked that on the 23d of April he had a ring on his finger of an octagon form; they described this circumstance; at the time of his apprehension he had no such ring on. In course of that activity which had been used by the officers of the Bank, we shall be able to lay before you, to-day, in evidence, that about that time the young man wore such a ring as that: if the ring was not valuable it would not be difficult to account for its being found; however, when his lodgings were searched, many duplicates were found there: Gentlemen, nothing more material appears on the search of his lodgings than what I have described; now then you see we are to revert to the evidence of this being the man that applied to the Bank; and it is desired that you further bear in mind the name of Tozer: when Mr. Plestow joined his inquiries with Mr. Fearing, and asked him who his father's executors were, he mentioned one, namely, a Mr. Tozer; when he was examined before Sir Sampson Wright, he, in accounting for himself, and giving a description of his parentage, and of what he became intitled to at his decease, he himself said, that Mr. Tozer was an executor of his father's will: now, Gentlemen, that circumstance to be sure, strong as it is, if the evidence of Mr. Fearing and the evidence of Mr. Plestow were not to be decided and positive; but if they were merely to speak to random belief, or that they rather believed that that was the person who made the application at the Bank; when testimony of that sort iscoupled with the two other circumstances I have just stated, namely, the coincidence of the name of Tozer being the executor to his father, and the other of his wearing the ring I have mentioned; it appears to me that such evidence must be irresistible; but when, instead of that testimony, there shall appear the most clear, unequivocal, unhesitating evidence that that was the man that made his application; it seems that the only remaining evidence will be as to the nature of the transaction itself; when he applied to receive the dividend and personated the character of David Ramsey , saying, that he was David Ramsey ; and going no further then would be necessary in order to complete the crime of giving the description of a David Ramsey , of the navy; there the crime was finished, that no act of his life could possibly do away; therefore, though I have stated to you what followed in this business, through all the subsequent circumstances, they do not seem material so far as they regard the nature of the crime committed: you will perceive the whole of this transaction lays in a very small compass, if Mr. Fearing and Mr. Plestow are not mistaken, which they cannot be, undoubtedly this is the man that made this application there, and that application in every stage of it was completed, which the legislator intended to guard against: Gentlemen, I took the liberty of suggesting to you before, that in many cases where the question of identity becomes a subject of a jury's inquiry, they will hesitate extremely; at the same time the only reliance that the publick have on the execution of the duty of a jury, is, that, to the best of their belief, taking all possible means to investigate, then it becomes the duty of that happiest tribunal in the world to declare the guilt; on the contrary, if they are not satisfied, we see the merciful inclination of their minds not at all trespassing on the nature of their duty, but freely giving the weight of that doubt to the unhappy person that is before them: Gentlemen, on the present occasion the Governor and Company of the Bank of England have done their duty to the publick; they, with a very becoming activity, have brought this prisoner to you, and submitted his case to you; they can have no wish in the business; they are perfectly sure that you will, as you must of course do, feel the extreme importance of the inquiry, at the same time, from this inquiry, you will not at all forget any one opportunity of shewing mercy; but sure I am you will give that weight to the evidence which the evidence ought to receive; if you are convinced that the man is guilty of the crime imputed to him, it imports the publick most highly indeed that examples should be made; on the contrary, if any reasons shall appear either to doubt on the testimony, or in any shape to hesitate on giving that weight to it which I have mentioned in that case, and in that case alone I am sure you will be glad to shew him mercy.

(The witnesses examined separate on both sides.)


I live in Thornhaugh-street, Bedford-square; I am a surgeon in the navy. On the 23d of April last I possessed 2,300 l. reduced annuities, and was entitled to the dividend due on the 21st of April, which I had not received then; I have received it since: I do not know the prisoner: I never desired or authorized him to receive it for me.


I am a clerk in the Bank, in the reduced office. On the 23d of April, Mr. David Ramsey appears entitled by the books to 2,300 l. reduced Bank annuities, and 10 1/2 at past dividends, 34 l. 10 s. which he had not received.

Be so good, Sir, to look at the prisoner: did you ever see him before? - I have: on the 23d of April a person came and demanded a dividend in the name of David Ramsey ; about half past two o'clock the person came up to the book and asked for a dividend in the name of David Ramsey , I asked him how much the stock was; he

said 2,300 l.; turning to the book, I found there was more than the last half year due, and I asked the person if he knew how much nett there was due, he answered a twelvemonth; I asked him if he was sure he was right; he said he could not rightly tell, for he had been out of England, and he had given a power of attorney to his brother to receive the interest for him; I then turned to the ledger, and no power whatever was marked on the ledger, as it would have done; I then told the person no such power appeared.

Mr. Garrow. You have used the expression of the person; look at the prisoner and tell us whether he is the person? - I have said the person; when I look at the prisoner I verily believe he was the person: he said he could not answer for that, but that his brother had remitted him money at different times; I then asked him to tell me the description in which he stood in our books; he told me, David Ramsey , of the navy, surgeon; I then, turning to the alphabet, and seeing the description agree, I recollected something of Mr. Ramsey's person; I then asked him again to repeat his name, and directed the question again,

"is your name David Ramsey , and what is your stock?" he said his name was David Ramsey and his stock was 2,300 l.; I told him, if I recollected David Ramsey , that he was a stout elderly gentleman; he said that was his father; I then asked him how he could think of coming to receive his father's property, and where his father was; he had then signed the book in each of the two places, and had signed the receipt of each of the dividend warrants.

What do you call those books? - Dividend books.

Do you recollect in what particular state of the conversation he signed these warrants? - As soon as he said his name was Ramsey, and I looked at the name, I turned the book to him, and he signed it; I then asked him, seeing there was a reference to the second dividend, what dividend was due; I turned round to him a second time, and when there was more due than what he claimed, I then began to question him more particularly.

Was there more due than the two? - Yes, there was: on his signing the second book I began to doubt more, and of course to question him more.

Certainly; that led to these particular questions? - His answer was that his father was dead; I asked him who were his father's executors; he mentioned three names; I do not recollect any of them; we then told him he had no right to receive it; he then said he had an authority, because he was an executor; I then took up the warrants, and told him I could not pay him, as David Ramsey did not appear to be dead; he asked me what proof was wanted; I told him if his father had left a will to let us have it; he said the will was in the Commons, and that he had a copy of it at home, which he would fetch in ten minutes time; he went away, promising to return with the copy of the will; but I saw no more of him that day; this was Monday, the 23d of April: I saw nothing of him till the Monday following; on that day, between twelve and one, I was going into the 5 per cent. office, I there saw the prisoner, and it struck me so forcibly that he was so much like the person that demanded the dividend of me, that I went and called Mr. Plestow; and we were both of opinion that he was so much like the person, that we thought it proper to acquaint our Accomptant General.

Did you at that time, or did you not, verily believe he was the person? - I did.

Was he dressed then as he was before? - No; he was not.

There was a considerable difference in the dress? - Yes; there was. I informed the Accomptant General, and he came to him; he was desired to walk into his apartment; and he was there examined, and was removed from there to Sir Sampson Wright's.

Was any thing explained to him for walking in there, or was he merely desired

to walk in? - He was merely desired to walk in; he was in there three quarters of an hour.

He went in of course? - Yes.

Now, Sir, I believe, after he had been at Bow-street, the search was made at his lodging? - Yes; I was present: we found the coat and a waistcoat, as near as I can recollect, the same pattern as the prisoner came in to demand the dividend the 23d of April.

What coloured coat and waistcoat were they? - A dark brown coat, and a red waistcoat, with spots.

How was the prisoner dressed when he was apprehended? - In a very genteel manner; in a black coat and waistcoat, and leather breeches, and boots and spurs, and a whip in his hand; his hair was full dressed, and he had a round hat on; he had a very handsome octagon ring on his finger; it was a large ring, and reached from the nuckle; on the 23d of April he had a large cravat on, and the edges of it laced; there were such cravats found at the lodgings; there was an under waistcoat which I observed to correspond with that which he had on the 23d; it was a striped waistcoat, such an one as he has on now.

With this impression that the prisoner was so like the person that had been to you, did it appear to you to be the same person? - Upon seeing his face I saw every feature that I had seen in the other; it struck me very forcibly at that time; I wished to be satisfied lest I should make a mistake when I went to call Mr. Plestow.

Did you at that time or not entertain any doubt whether he was the person? - I was fearful that I should apprehend a wrong person.

That is no answer to my question: did you entertain any doubt or not? - Yes; I did.

Have you examined to see whether the prisoner had any dividend to receive on the 30th, or any account of the Bank? - Yes.

Had he any? - None at all.

The books of the Bank are perfectly silent as to any business he might have there on his own account? - Yes, they are.

Mr. Knowlys, prisoner's counsel. The person that you questioned could hardly forbear observing your suspicions? - No; I think he must.

Mr. Plestow was not so near him as you? - Not till I began to question him.

I believe your expression has always been that you verily believe; you never went further? - I verily believe the prisoner is the man.

You never went further than that? - No, Sir.

What time was it that the person appeared there on the 23d of April? - It was from half past two till within ten minutes of three.

You found the prisoner on the 30th of April standing in the Bank? - Yes; I did.

On your return you found him exactly in the same situation? - Yes; we did.

Did you walk round the prisoner? - We walked round the fire place; he stood at the fire; we looked at him two or three times; he remained in the same situation; he looked as if he was waiting for somebody.

What time might pass from the time you first saw him to the time you fetched Mr. Edwards to lay hold of him? - Ten minutes.

Court. At the time this conversation all passed, and you was handing the first book, and then the second, and then the two warrants, had you such an opportunity as that you could observe, and did you observe his person? - I saw him then: I observed his person perfectly well; and I observed the person of the prisoner when I saw him the Monday following, and it so convinced my mind that I was not willing to be mistaken.

Then what you did was out of caution, not having any doubt in your mind; do I understand you right? - I swear to the best of my knowledge that the prisoner is the man.


Mr. Fielding. On the 23d of April you was in the Reduced Annuity office? - I was.

Look at the prisoner? - I do.

Do you know him? - I take it to be the person that applied to our office on the 23d of April; on the 23d of April, about half after in two in the afternoon, passing by the division letter R. where Mr. Fearing was; I was desired by him to stop; I went to him.

Did you see the prisoner with Mr. Fearing at that time? - They were conversing together; I immediately referred back to the dividend, and found that the dividend differed materially; I heard Mr. Fearing ask him what profession he was; he said he was a surgeon in the navy.

Did you observe his countenance so as to know him again? - I did.

What was he dressed in? - A brown coat, with a scarlet fancy waistcoat, spotted; while Mr. Fearing was looking at the book I asked him how he became possessed of the stock; he said it was his father's; I immediately replied, what right had he to it if it was his father's; his answer was, that his father was dead, and had left it to him; I then asked him who were the executors; two he mentioned that I cannot recollect; but I perfectly recollect the name of Tozer as one that he mentioned; he had a long octagon ring on his finger; I then told him, that, allowing it to be as he said, he had no right to receive it, as not being an executor; he then said that he was an executor also; I told him if that was the case it altered the property, but then we must have the will; he said the will was in the Commons, but he had a copy, which was at home, and he would fetch it in ten minutes; when he went out of the office I believe it wanted ten minutes of three.

Had you an opportunity during all that time, which your curiosity or suspicion excited, to notice his person so as to know him again? - I beg your pardon; I had no suspicion, or else I should have stopped him then.

Very well. But had you an opportunity of noticing him? - I had: he did not return: on the Monday following, the 30th, Mr. Fearing came into the office appearing very much agitated; he desired that I would go into the 5 per cent. office, that he believed the person was there who personated Mr. Ramsey the Monday before; I desired him to stop, I would go by myself; I saw the prisoner dressed as he is now, different to what he had been the Monday before, and his under waistcoat the same as that he has on; I knew him directly.

Now look again; have you any doubt? - No more, Sir, than that of one man's being out of sight of another.

You have every reason then in the world to believe him to be the man? - I have every reason to believe he is, except the circumstance of a person once being turned out of sight of a naked eye? - He was brought into the Accomptant's apartments; he stayed three quarters of an hour; he asked me no questions; I attended at Sir Sampson Wright's; I went to his lodgings afterwards to make the search.

Were there any clothes found there corresponding with those the prisoner had on the 23d of April? - I think the same dress that the person that was at the Bank the Monday before had on; I beg leave to mention that the second time of going to his apartments we found a waistcoat of the same pattern; we found several duplicates and memorandums of various things; the numbers, dates, and sums of many bank notes.

Had he any ring on when he was apprehended? - No; he had not: the prisoner said he had a ring, and was sure he left it there; he acknowledged to wear a ring exactly similar to that I described; we went and found no ring; these papers of dates and numbers of Bank notes were found in his box.

Looking at the prisoner again, have you any doubt that he is the man? - I believe him to be the same person to the best of my recollection and knowledge.

Have you any doubt? - No further than I before mentioned: when he was present

at Sir Sampson's he mentioned that a Mr. Tozer was his guardian.

He answered to the name of Gortley at the justice's? - He did.

Mr. Knowlys. Your attention was certainly not drawn to this person till you was called by Mr. Fearing? - It was not.

Court. Are you sure that he said that a man of the name of Tozer was his guardian, and executor to his real father; did he mention that at Sir Sampson Wright's when he passed by the name of Gortley? - He did; he said he was a trustee to him under the name of Gortley.

He mentioned in fact the name of Tozer as the person with whom he was connected? - He did.


I am one of the officers of Bow-street. Mr. Carter, the master of the Bolt and Tun inn, shewed me a room which he said was his; the prisoner directed me there; this coat and waistcoat I brought away. (A brown coat and scarlet spotted waistcoat produced.)

Plestow. This is the coat; there were two such waistcoats.

Mr. Knowlys. Whether the room in which these clothes were was the prisoner's, you only know from Mr. Carter? - No.

Mr. Garrow. Did you shew the prisoner the clothes? - Yes.

What did he say to them? - He said they were his clothes; he then said he had a ring at the top of the bureau, and I went to look for it.


I am Accomptant at the Bank. I went into the 5 per cent. office on Monday, the 30th of April, in consequence of some communications from Mr. Fearing and Plestow; Plestow pointed out the prisoner to me; I went up to the prisoner, and addressed him by saying that I had the honour of being the Accomptant General of the Bank, and I would be glad to speak to him in my office; he said

"yes, Sir," and followed me; when I came into the office I desired him to sit down; he did so; I said to him,

"you came here, Sir, I presume, to buy stock;" he said,

"yes, Sir,;" I then asked him permission to give me his name; he said his name was Thomas Gortley , but, in point of a dispute he had at Bath, in which they told him his name was more like a horse than a man, he had assumed the name of Godfrey; I then asked him who was his broker; he said Mr. Chapman; upon which I went to the door and sent for Mr. Chapman; he came shortly; and the moment he entered the room he recognized Gortley, and asked him how he did, and Gortley returned the compliment.

Mr. Garrow. Pray did he at all ask for an explanation of this most extraordinary conversation? - Not a syllable; he never asked any.

You felt yourself doing something that, ordinarily speaking, is pretty impertinent? - I felt myself in an extraordinary situation, to be sure.

How long might you be in this situation? - I believe he was with me near three quarters of an hour; then I was desired to produce him to the gentlemen in the direction; there he was interrogated, and taken to Bow-street; I was present at the examination; I remember Mr. Plestow being very particular describing a long octagon ring; indeed, says he, it was so large, it was almost like a shield; the prisoner acknowledged that he wore a ring; but I think he did not seem to intimate that it was so large as described; I think he said it was in a little box at his apartments at the Bolt and Tun.

Mr. Knowlys. Then upon their mentioning a ring to him, he referred them to the ring at his lodgings, implying, as you thought, that it would not answer that description? - Yes.

He did not hide his real name? - Not the least.

And you found that the account he gave you of his being acquainted with a broker of the name of Chapman likewise turned out to be true? - Certainly.

He never attempted to run away? - No.

- WILLIAMS sworn.

I am a clerk in the Bank.

Mr. Garrow. On the 28th of February did you issue from the Bank, a 50 l. Bank note, 18th of Feb. 1792, No. 3545? - Yes.

A 25 l. Bank note, the 10th of Feb. 1792, No. 4196? - Yes.

A 25 l. Bank note, the 10th of Feb. 1792, No. 4195? - Yes.

These notes were all issued by you? - Yes:

Were they all new notes? - We had them from the cashier.

They were all issued in one payment, to one person? - Yes.

In payment of one dividend? - Yes, two warrants to one person.

Court to Prisoner. You have heard the charge that has been made against you, and the evidence which has been produced to prove that charge, would you wish to say any thing yourself, or leave it to your counsel?

Prisoner. I should like to leave it to my counsel partly.

Court. Your counsel cannot make a speech for you, he can state no fact to the jury, all he can do is to examine those witnesses which you have instructed him in your brief will be of service to you in your trial; if therefore you wish to say any thing, now is your time.

Prisoner. My Lord, I can bring my witnesses to prove that I was at the Bolt and Tun inn, from two o'clock till a quarter before three.


Mr. Knowlys. I believe you keep the Bolt and Tun inn, in Fleet-street? - Yes.

Do you know the prisoner at the bar? - I have known him to have been at my house some time past as a lodger.

How long? - About 14 or 15 months, backwards and forwards.

I believe you attended at Bow-street on the day the prisoner was brought up? - Yes.

Can you tell us whether you have any recollection where the prisoner was on the Monday preceding that time? - On the Monday preceding, I saw him in my house, between twelve and one o'clock, and about two, or after; then between three and half an hour after.

When you say that you saw him at your house about two, how long did he continue there at the time you got sight of him about two? - I really cannot say, he was then in the parlour eating some cold roast beef for a luncheon.

What time was he eating his luncheon? can you speak to any certain time which he remained there? - No, I cannot say that I can; the only thing that I took notice of was, that a Mr. Evett in the house took particular notice of his eating a luncheon so near dinner time; he generally dined about three. Mr. Evett was obliged to go down to Weybridge last night.

What part of the house was he in at that time? - In a parlour just behind the coffee-room.

Where was your situation at that time? - I was then in the parlour with Mr. Evett, when he came in and asked for some cold roast beef for a luncheon.

Are you able to say any extent of time which the prisoner staid there? - No, Sir, I cannot; business calling me backwards and forwards, I cannot.

You have known him 14 or 15 months? - Yes, I never saw any thing by him in my house, I never saw any body visit him there.

So far as his dealings have been with you has he behaved honestly or otherwise? - Perfectly honest and very sober, I never saw him any way otherwise

Mr. Garrow. Very sober and paid his tavern bill. You do not mean to represent him as having passed all these months at your house, nor any thing like it? - No, Sir, not all the time.

He has been lately at Bath? - Yes.

Did you learn from him who he was? - I understood he was the son of Sir Andrew Godfrey . I recollect his telling this Mr. Evett and myself that he had brought up some money with him, to the amount of about 7000 l.

Had you seen any of the duplicates that were found? - No, not till they were found by the officer; he returned in March; he

told us that his father lived at New Place, near Exeter.

Did you ever hear of his having changed his name on account of its being too much like the name of a horse, or any thing of that sort? - Never, Sir, till it was mentioned at Sir Sampson Wright's; I recollect that between twelve and one, he had his great coat on, with a handkerchief round his neck, and he sat down to dinner with this handkerchief round his neck, which was very unusual for him to do.

That was after three? - Yes, it might be about 20 minutes, or nearly half an hour.

What was the rest of his dress? - I really cannot recollect.

Was it his brown coat and his red waistcoat? - I cannot say.

Do you know where the black clothes were made? - I do not know.

Were they made before or after that Monday that he had his luncheon? - I cannot say.

When were the new boots and leather breeches bought? - I cannot say.

Did he use to wear a ring? - He used to wear a ring sometimes.

What sort of one? - Rather a large one, of the octagon shape.

Had he that ring on of the Monday? - I really cannot recollect.

Upon your oath cannot you recollect that he had that ring on at dinner? - I really cannot say; sometimes I have seen him with it, and sometimes without it.

You do not know what is become of it? - No, I do not.

Did he use to wear such clothes as a red waistcoat and a brown coat? - Yes, and sometimes a green coat.

Then, except the black, we have the whole wardrobe here? - There is another black coat I believe.

Did you understand from him whether Sir Andrew Godfrey , his father, was living at New Place? - Yes.

Was you at Bow-street when he was examined? - Yes.

Did not you hear him say there that his father was a shoe-maker, and was dead, and had left him some little property? - No.

Do you remember his saying any thing about his father in Bow-street? - No.

If I understand you right, you cannot undertake to prove how this man had disposed of himself from a little after two, when he was eating his luncheon, and almost half past three, when he sat down to dinner? - No.

The prisoner called seven respectable witnesses, who had known him above two years, and gave him an excellent character.

GUILTY , Death . (Aged 28.)

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. COMMON SERJEANT.

Reference Number: t17920523-81

300. CONRAD HARRY was indicted for stealing, on the 11th of May , one wooden box for a wig, covered with hair, value 6 d. one clothe's brush, value 6 d. the property of William Hamilton , 24 printed books, value 12 s. and two other books value, 2 s. the property of Stanley Crowther .


I lost the books in the indictment out of a one pair of stairs room adjoining to Mr. Hamilton's house, which has a communication with mine; I saw them at Mr. Hamilton's in the trunk, when the constable opened it, on the Friday after; the prisoner was servant to Mr. Hamilton - several of the children's names were in the printed bound books, the two parchment covered books were writing books, and a line of my own writing in one of them; the things were in the possession of the constable, James Holmes .


On Friday the 11th of May, while the prisoner was under examination, he said he had an empty box, at a publick house, in Goodman's-fields; he gave me the key; I went with Mr. Crowther and opened the box, and found these 15 books.

Court to Mr. Crowther. Are those books that were found in Goodman's-fields, included in the indictment? - Yes, they are mine. (Deposed to.)


I am a constable; I was at Mr. Hamilton's on Friday the 11th of May; Mr. Hamilton opened a box in which there was a parcel of books. (Deposed to.)


I was present at the opening this box at my house, it belonged to my servant, the prisoner, I have seen it frequently and know it to be his.

Prisoner. I leave it to my counsel.

The prisoner called four witnesses, who gave him a good character.


Transported for seven years .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

Reference Number: t17920523-82

301. JAMES FLINN was indicted for stealing divers carpenters' tools, value 16 s. 6 d. the property of Howard Brown , and others.

The prisoner was found with the tools.


Fined 1 s. and imprisoned six months .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

Reference Number: t17920523-83

302. JOHN RUFF and JOHN SCRUTON were indicted for stealing, on the 5th of April last, one silk handkerchief, value 2 s. 6 d. the property of Ellis Shipley Lobb .


My pocket was picked, on Thursday, in Grace Church Street , about eleven o'clock; I was informed of it; I turned round and saw my handkerchief in Ruff's hands, and followed him (I gave no alarm) and saw him give it to Scruton; I took them to a constable, and from thence to Guildhall; the constable has the handkerchief.

JOHN WADE sworn.

I produce the handkerchief; I received it from this Gentleman, the prosecutor. (Prosecutor deposes to the handkerchief.)

The prisoners in their defence said that Ruff had picked it up, and that too by accident; and the other (Scruton) said he was a sailor, and that seeing the boy Ruff pick up the handkerchief he cried out, halves.


Transported for seven years .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

Reference Number: t17920523-84

303. DANIEL ROSS was indicted for stealing, on the 6th of April last, one pair of striped breeches, value 3 s. and divers other things, value 30 s. the property of William Lloyd and Samuel Lloyd .

(The witnesses examined separate.)


I am in partnership with Samuel Lloyd ; the prisoner has been in our employ between three and four months; on the 6th of April we were informed that these goods were at his lodgings; on which information I went and examined, and found them to be our property; there were twenty waistcoats and two pair of breeches, a pair of lasting breeches; one pair of nankeen, nine flannel waistcoats, one linnen ditto, one muslinet ditto, one quilted ditto, one jeannet, one India stripe, one kerseymere, one cloth, one boy's sattinet, one boy's saggity. The value of them is 1 l. 19 s.; they are in possession of the constable.

Court. did you ever find any decrease in your stock? - It is too numerous.

- PRATT sworn.

The prisoner lodged with me; I went into his room on the 6th of April without any design; I saw some waistcoats lying carelessly; two or three I observed had been worn; it struck me that he had not come by

them honestly, as he worked for one of those shops; on looking about I saw a bag, and observed a number of articles of that sort; I went (considering it my duty) to Mr. Lloyd, and desired him to come and examine those things; he did so, and found they were his: I went to Messrs. Lloyds house, where the prisoner was at work, they gave charge of him, and I took him to the Compter, there he confessed it: he was not promised any thing to induce him to confess.

It appeared on the examination, that the evidence has been a constable seven years, and that he had not been compelled, but did it for the sake of the profits of situation attendant upon general constables.

Called two witnesses, who gave him a very good character.

GUILTY , (Aged 34.)

Fined 1 s. and imprisoned six months .

Recommended to mercy by the prosecutor.

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. Justice ASHURST.

Reference Number: t17920523-85

304. THOMAS SPARKES and HANNAH NASH were indicted for stealing, on the 11th day of April last, a linen sheet, value 7 s. the goods of Elizabeth Cartwright .


I live in Tottenham Court Road ; I know Elizabeth Cartwright ; on the 11th of April my wife hung out all the clothes she had to dry, and when she came to take them in, she missed one of the sheets; she came up, and told me of it, and I went to the pawnbroker's; I found it next day at a pawnbroker's in Oxford Street; the pawnbroker produced a sheet to me, which I told him I thought was the sheet; that it was marked in the corner E. C. with the figure of 2 under it: on examining it, I found part of the letters picked out; the pawnbroker informed me the woman who pawned it came frequently, and I desired he would let me know as soon as she came; I was sent for in less than an hour, and found the woman in the parlour; she said she did not steal it, she had it of one Parker to pawn. I went to Litchfield Street and brought a constable; I searched after the man prisoner and found him, and brought them both to Litchfield Street.


I can only say I missed the sheet.


I received this sheet of the prisoner at the bar: (produces it) the man confessed it before Sir Laurence Cox .


Fined 1 s. and imprisoned six months .


Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice ASHURST.

Reference Number: t17920523-86

305. ISAAC WILLIAMS was indicted for feloniously assaulting Thomas Simpson on the king's highway on the 15th of May , and putting him in fear, and taking one hat, value 4 s. his property .


I am a bookbinder in Featherstone Street; on the 15th of May, about half past one in the morning, Tuesday, in Chiswell Street, Moorfields , I was going towards home and three men attacked me; two men came before me, and the prisoner at the bar on one side; the two men before put their fists in my face: I started back, and the prisoner snatched up my hat. I knocked up his heels, and the other two ran away; they all came up to me at one time: as soon as he found himself secured, he throwed it away, and I called watch! I never saw the others after; I did not pick up the hat.


I am a poulterer, I heard watch called

several times, and I ran up and saw the prosecutor and prisoner on the ground; the prosecutor called for his hat; the prosecutor told me the prisoner had come behind him and took his hat, and that two others had ran their fists in his face.

Prisoner. The gentleman was exceedingly in liquor.

Prosecutor. I was perfectly sober; I have not been intoxicated in liquor these seven years.

Prisoner. Please you, my Lord, I had been drinking with my shopmates, and coming along Chiswell Street, I saw two men wrangling, I ran up, and I believe I ran against this gentleman, both our hats might fall of together for all I know; then he gave charge of me to the patrol, who took up both the hats and offered him his choice.

GUILTY of stealing, not violently .

Whipped and imprisoned six months .

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

Reference Number: t17920523-87

306. ANN PENN alias UNDERWOOD , and FRANCES GOULD alias DAVENPORT , were indicted for stealing, on the 14th of May , one pair of linen sheets, value 10 s. and various other articles , the goods of John Hughes .


I lodge in Petticoat-lane ; I lost the things mentioned in the indictment on the 14th of this month, about eight o'clock in the evening; the prisoner lived opposite, they came in at the yard door that is backwards, which was unlocked; my room is on the ground floor; we have found the quilt and a black silk cloak. I saw them before Justice Staples on the day on which they were stolen.


I went out about half past four, I returned about a quarter after six, and found the trap-door open, the other door was upon the latch; I looked about, and missed all the articles in the indictment: on searching some tea was found, and the prisoner Gould told the Justice there were four candles of Mrs. Hughes's in her room.


I found the black silk cloak at Mr. Pollard's; the prisoner had not been taken from the office; I kept it in my custody and have had it ever since; the next morning I received the quilt from Mrs. Prince.


I saw the prisoner Gould in Mrs. Hughes's house, between five and six on Monday evening, before she came home; I saw her in the room from whence the things were missing three times, from the windows; she was putting up something white, and went out at the back door, to her own house; Underwood and her lived together; I saw them both run together; they swore, and said run as fast as ever you can: Penn's window commands a view of Mrs. Gould's house.


I am a hat and bonnet maker. The prisoner Gould came to me with this silk cloak, and she said Ann Underwood sent her, and she was to have a shilling, and take no notice; I took the cloak, and I told her I would send to Nan Underwood .


I keep a green and fish-stall. Ann Underwood came to me; (I never knew her by the name of Ann Penn ) she brought the old counterpane to me, and she said, Jack and I have been having words, and damn my eyes I will sell all off; she asked me two shillings, for the quilt, and I gave her eighteen pence, and she went away next morning; John Reeves came in

to be shaved, and I gave him the counterpane.

(The things deposed to.)


Fined 1 s. and imprisoned six months .


Fined 1 s. and imprisoned six months .

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

Reference Number: t17920523-88

307. JOHN BROWN was indicted for that he, on the 24th of April last, an hundred pounds weight of lead, value 12 s. belonging to Mary Constable , and affixed to her dwelling-house, feloniously did cut, rip, and break, with intent to steal, against the statute .


I live in a house in Bowling-alley, Clerkenwell . The lead was attempted to be taken from that house early in the morning; I heard a very great noise as I lay in bed about three o'clock, and the maid that sleeps in the room with me, and got up directly and looked up the chimney; the watchman, Willis, was called; I saw the lead after it was taken off.


I am a watchman. On Tuesday morning, the 24th of April, I was going three, I was called by Mrs. Constable; I came up stairs and heard the tiles fall down; I waited about the premises half an hour; and I went and fetched Jeremiah Lawrence , and he came with me, and he went to the top of the house; I went up about five o'clock that morning, and the lead was all torn off and rolled up in a lump; there was about a foot not taken off; none was cut clean off.


I am a butcher. I saw the prisoner on Mrs. Constable's house about half after three, in the gutter; I turned round and spoke to him; I had a candle in my hat; when he saw me he tried to get away, and jumped off one story; I pursued and took him directly; nothing was found upon him: when I first saw the prisoner he was stooping with his back towards me, doubling the lead together.

Prisoner. None of the lead was cut; they were obliged to cut it to bring it away.

Court to Willis. Did you cut it? - I did not cut it.


I am innocent. I went to this place to do an odd job for myself.


Whipped and imprisoned six months .

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

Reference Number: t17920523-89

308. JOSEPH HICKS was indicted for feloniously assaulting, on the 22d of April, 1789 , at Stoke Damarell , Thomas Kingsford , and others, officers of excise , in the discharge of their duty as excise officers, in seizing uncustomed goods .

Mr. Garrow opened the indictment, and Mr. Attorney General the case.


(Examined by Mr. Fielding.)

I am an excise officer, and was so in the year 1789; my business was at Plymouth Dock; there were some people at Mutton-Cooe, between one and two in the morning, landing some casks; every man had a cask

and a large stick; I was concealed in the rocks; they passed me and the other officers towards Plymouth Dock; we followed them and took some of the casks away; the prisoner was among those who was in the boat, and he was one who had a cask taken from him; they went behind an empty house, and deposited their casks; I went up to them, and one of them struck me on the head with a bludgeon, and cut my head very much, then three or four fell upon me, and the blood flowed all over my face; they throwed stones after me, and they broke my leg; then they took me to a door, and presently they brought an anker of gin and put beside me; then James Taylor was brought and laid down by me, and his leg was also broke; then the smugglers came and said kill the b - rs; one of them said, O! d - n me, they are dead enough. I don't know that the prisoner did any damage.

THOMAS KINGSFORD , jun. sworn.

I was an excise officer. On the 2d of April, 1789, I saw the prisoner with a keg on his back, and a bludgeon; my father was laid on the steps of a public house, called the Fortune of War. I am sure I saw the prisoner go back, after my father was beat, to the gang; I saw the prisoner afterwards between the distance of one month and seven; I saw the prisoner at Caursand, with a bill-hook in his hand; I saw him again in a public house, and he asked me to drink, and told me I should not be hurt, I drank with him, and he said I was in the company, but I did not strike; they will all say so.


I never was near the place that night, I saw neither Kingsford or his son.


Imprisoned three years .

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron PERRYN .

Reference Number: t17920523-90

309. RICHARD RIDEOUT was indicted for obstructing the officers of excise in the discharge of their duty .

Mr. Garrow. My Lord, the prisoner at the bar wishes to retract his plea, and to state himself Guilty. Mr. Attorney General, who has very important avocations at another place, that require his attendence, directed I should conduct this prosecution; I have an affidavit in my hand of very respectable persons; of the rector of the parish in which the prisoner lives, and of a great variety of other persons, who bear ample testimony to the good character of the prisoner; he is stated to be a man with a wife and six children depending upon him for support; and he comes claiming the mercy of the Attorney General; when ever that appeal is made, you know very well, it is made with great safety; the man has been very properly advised, by those to whom he has intrusted his interest, to plead guilty; and Mr. Attorney General consents, by me, to receive his plea.

Court. How long has he been in goal? - Some time in custody.

Mr. Shelton. Do you desire to retract your plea of Not Guilty, and to plead Guilty ?

Prisoner. Yes.

Court. Then let him be imprisoned a fortnight .

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice ASHURST.

Reference Number: t17920523-91

310. JOHN KELLY was indicted for putting off a bad shilling , on the 27th of May , to Thomas Holman .


I keep the Half Moon public house, Long Lane, Smithfield . The prisoner came in about half past three, with another; they staid till very near seven; they had two pints of ale, which came to 5 d. the young man paid at the bar; he offered me a bad shilling; I refused it, he then offered me another, I

told him that was a bad one; says he then you must give me change for half a guinea for he had no more silver about him; I gave him change, they went both out of door, and I followed there; I thought it was light, but could not conveniently see, so I followed him, and they were about 100 yards off; I got up to this young man, and took him, and told him about the half guinea; he said he did not know he had such an one.

Mr. Garrow, prisoner's counsel. Was not this man in liquor? - I don't know he was, they had only two pints of ale.

After you stopt this man, did not he give you a guinea? - He did, and took the half guinea; and I then asked him to look at the half guinea again, and he let me look at it directly.


I am the constable. I searched the prisoner and found six good shillings in one pocket, altogether, not mixed at all; and there were three bad ones with some halfpence in another pocket; about nine pennyworth of half-pence. I returned the good silver and 9 d. of half-pence to the prisoner; the bad shilling I kept, with the half guinea that Mr. Holman gave me, and have them here; I have kept them ever since; I put a mark on the half guinea at the time I received it.


Look at these coin and tell me whether it is the legal coin or counterfeits? - They are all counterfeits.

Mr. Garrow addressed the jury on the part of the defendant.


I work the inner keys at the New Compter, he was very much intoxicated.

Mr. Knowlys. What time did you receive him? - About seven o'clock in the evening.

How many did you receive that day? - About five.

Of whom did you receive him? - Of Mr. Kirby, the outer turnkey.

When were you applied to to come and give this evidence? - About a fortnight ago a gentleman came to me and asked me if the man was in liquor; I told him I thought he was; he cast his victuals about the bed.


I locked him up myself, and he was as drunk as a man could be to walk.

The prisoner called two witnesses to his character.

GUILTY both Counts.

Imprisoned one year and find security for two .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. COMMON SERJEANT.

Reference Number: o17920523-1

To be imprisoned Three Months , and Publicly Whipped , 4, viz.

George Howson, John Burn, George Dell, Robert Price . (Last Sessions.)

Reference Number: s17920523-1

The Trials being ended, the Court proceeded to pass Sentence, as follows:

Received Sentence of Death, 10, viz.

Baker Leman James - 297

Carroll James - 232

Cropper, alias Cooper Wm . - 227

Davis Andrew - 231

Fitzgerald John - 229

Gotley Thomas - 299

Keen Lawrence - 260

Randall William - 297

Smith, alias Swallow George 242

Smith Mary - 222

To be Transported for Fourteen Year, 2, viz.

Matthews John - 230

Randall Mary - 297

To be Transported for Seven Years, 35, viz.

Askew William - 251

Bell John - 242

Barton Thomas - 287

Bond Sarah - 265

Bulkley Catharine - 279

Butcher Samuel - 276

Cargan, alias Gahagan Brian 266

Clewer William - 237

Conrad Harry - 300

Drake John - 254

Draper James - 246

Gilpin John - 239

Grant William - 284

Gray Thomas - 298

Jones John - 256

Matthews John - 261

- Elizabeth - 295

M'Carty Dennis - 272

M'Cullock James - 263

Mancha Peter - 278

Mason Alexander - 234

Massey Alexander - 296

Moyes John - 221

Pearce William - 282

Peploe George - 235

Ruff John - 302

Scruton John - 302

Smith George - 275

Stiles William - 253

Thompson William - 268

Vincent Thomas - 273

Warburton Hannah - 230

White John - 283

Williams John - 228

Yorke Thomas - 288

To be imprisoned Three Years, 1, viz.

Joseph Hicks .

To be imprisoned one year, and find security for two years, 3, viz.

John Kelly , George Hazard , and Sarah Randall (fined 1 s.).

To be imprisoned Six Months, and fined 1 s. 14, viz.

James Flynn , Daniel Ross , John Reed , Jane Beckwith , Thomas Sparkes , Ann Penn alias Underwood, Frances Gould alias Davenport, Eliz. Dozell , Thomas Crisp , John Mann , Mary Rourke , John Manning , Sarah Turner , and Ann Mills .

To be imprisoned Six Months, and publicly whipped, 4, viz.

Robert Andrews , Isaac Williams , John Brown, William Smith .

To be Publicly Whipped and Discharged, 7, viz.

Charles Darby , William Hoy , John Patterson , Charles Crawley , Thomas Dingley , Charles Burn , John Stonehard .

To be imprisoned Three Months, and fined 1 s. 3, viz.

Catherine Cullnm , Samuel George , William Hudson .

Reference Number: s17920523-1

To be imprisoned Three Months , and Publicly Whipped , 4, viz.

George Howson, John Burn, George Dell, Robert Price . (Last Sessions.)

To be imprisoned One Month and fined 1 s. 1, viz.

Thomas Doyle .

To be imprisoned One Month, and Publicly Whipped, 2, viz.

John Jackson , William Hiland .

To be imprisoned Fourteen Days. 1, viz.

William Ridout .

To be imprisoned One Week, and fined 1 s. 5, viz.

Mary Cockyane , Ann Young , Mary Hodwell , Susannah Gilling , John Rowley .

To be imprisoned One Week and Privately Whipped, 1, viz.

Mary Harris .

Judgment respited.

Samuel Coward .

Judgment respited for opinion of judges.

John Davis .

To be imprisoned Two Months, and fined 1 s. 1, viz.

Maria Roberts .

Fined 1 s. and Discharged, 1, viz.

Charles Bundy .

To be Publicly Whipped, and Discharged, 4, viz.

John Wilkins , John Power , Richard Lewis , William Askew (fined 1 s.)

GILES SALISBURY, sick, remanded next Sessions.

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