NUMBER V. PART I.
Sold by T. BELL, at (No. 26.) the Top of Bell-Yard, near Temple-Bar
King's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol-Delivery, held for the City of LONDON, &c.
BEFORE the Right Honourable JOHN WILKES , Lord Mayor of the City of London; the Honourable Sir RICHARD ASTON , Knt. one of the Justices of his Majesty's Court of King's Bench *. The Honourable Sir JOHN BURLAND , Knt. one of the Barons of his Majesty's Court of Exchequer +. The Hon. Sir BEAUMONT HOTHAM , Knt. one of the Barons of the Court of Exchequer ||; Mr. Serjeant GLYNN, Recorder ++; THOMAS NUGENT , Esq; Common Serjeant ~; and others his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer of the City of London, and Justices of Gaol Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City and Country of Middlesex.
The *, +, ||, ++, and ~, refer to the Judges by whom the prisoners were tried.
First Middlesex Jury.
Second Middlesex Jury.
ROBERT PERREAU , Esquire , was indicted for falsely making, forging, and counterfeiting a Bond in the penal sum of fifteen thousand pounds, condition for the payment of seven thousand five hundred pounds, in the name of William Adair , Esquire , with intention to defraud the said William Adair , against the statute.
Fourth Count. For feloniously uttering and publishing the same as a true bond well knowing it to be forged, with intention to defraud the said Robert Drummond , Esquire, and the said Henry Drummond , Esquire. *
Henry Drummond , Esq. I am a banker , in partnership with my brother, Robert Drummond , and the executors of the late John Drummond . The prisoner, Mr. Robert Perreau , came to me about the middle of last January, the 15th or 16th. He said, he desired the favour of me to let him have the loan of fourteen hundred pounds, that he had occasion for this money, as he had lately made a purchase in Suffolk or Norfolk, to the amount of twelve or fourteen thousand pounds. I told him, that the title deeds of such an estate were a good security, and if he would leave them, that he might have the money. Mr. Perreau said, that could not be, because the purchase-money was to be paid in the country. Then he said, he had got a bond of a gentleman whose name he was not at liberty at that time to mention, but, that if I knew the person, he was sure I could make no objection to it. I said, every thing depends upon the name, for some mens bonds are as good as other mens mortgages. Then he said, he had a house in Harley Street, Cavendish Square, which cost four thousand pounds: and he would leave with me the deeds of that house and the insurance of it, as a security for this fourteen hundred pounds, accordingly he came the next day, and did leave the deeds of the house as a security; and he received the money upon a note promising to assign the deeds, and to do every thing that was necessary: but as he only wanted it for ten days, I only took a note for it, without any further promise: this was about the 15th or 16th of January. I did not see him again till Tuesday the 7th of March. I was acquainted with him before, as an apothecary , having known and seen him in two or three families, particularly Lord Egmont's, and Lord -. When he came upon the 7th of March, he made an apology for not having kept his word, as to the fourteen hundred pounds, which he borrowed but for about ten days, and he came then to borrow five thousand pounds, out of which he was to pay this fourteen hundred pounds. He then told me, that he had got leave of the gentleman, whose bond he formerly mentioned to give me his name. I asked my brother Robert to come in to consult about the propriety of lending such a sum as that; the prisoner then produced this bond; as soon asWilliam Adair 's, the late agent, that lived in Pall-Mall? He said, yes, it was, and that there could be no doubt about it; for that Arthur Jones, who was the solicitor of Mr. Adair, was a witness, and Start was his servant. I still expressed my doubts about the authenticity of the bond: upon which the prisoner said, Mr. Adair was his particular friend, that there were family connexious between them; that Mr. Adair had money of his in his hands, and that he allowed him interest for it. I understood likewise from him, but I cannot be certain of that particular fact, that the prisoner at that time said, that this bond was given by Mr. Adair to him as the balance of the account subsisting between Mr. Adair and him. Notwithstanding that, we told him that we did not believe it to be the hand-writing of Mr. William Adair , because we had had dealings with him a good while age, and seen his draughts; and we desired him to call the next day.
He accordingly took the bond with him and went away: but in about two hours, he returned; my brother was then gone out, and I saw him alone. He told me, what my brother and I had thrown out respecting the signature to the bond, had alarmed him very much, and that he could not be easy in his own mind till he had called upon Mr. Adair, whom he luckily met before he went to take his ride; that he produced the bond to Mr. Adair; and Mr. Adair said, it was his signature, and that he might possibly have altered his hand, from the time we had formerly seen him write; but that we might let him have the five thousand pounds, and that Mr. Adair said, he would pay the bond in May; though in fact, it was not payable till July. Notwithstanding all this, I still had my doubts; I did not express them so strong, but told the prisoner, that he should leave the bond with me, in order to get an assignment of it, which he did, as I was desirous to get possession of the bond, in order to find out whether it was really a good bond or no. The prisoner very readily left the bond with me without any memorandum given by me; and I bid him call the next morning at eleven o'clock. I gave the bond to my clerk. I am certain this (looking upon the bond in question) is the bond I received of the prisoner.
My brother shewed the bond to Mr. Stephens of the Admiralty, a friend of Mr. Adair's. Mr. Perreau was to come again the next day; at eleven o'clock my mother and Mr. Stephens went that morning to Mr. Adair's. Mr. Perreau came to our house that morning about eleven o'clock, and my brother and I both expressed our doubts about its being the signature of Mr. Adair; but from what my brother had told me, of his interview with Mr. Adair, I could have no doubt. Mr. Perreau persisted in saying there could be no doubt about it; for that he had a letter from Mr. Adair, that Mr. Adair always wrote to him in a familiar style, and only signed the initial letters of his name. I understood that he received that letter the night before. He only shewed me the initial letters, to prove the intimacy; we said nothing would convince us of this being Mr. Adair's hand, but Mr. Perreau's going with us to Mr. Adair's, which he most readily assented to. Mr. Perreau and I went together in his coach, I had my carriage at the door, but his carriage being up first, he said you had better go in mine, itis the quickest. Mr. Perreau and I went together in the coach, to Mr. Adairs', nobody else was with us; my brother followed us; we found Mr. Adair at home; upon our entrance Mr. Adair took me by the hand, but he made a bow to Mr. Perreau, as a person he had never seen before; I told Mr. Adair, I came to him upon a disagreeable subject, I produced the bond, and asked him whether that was his signature at the bottom of it. He looked at it, and said, no; upon which Mr. Robert Perreau seemed surprized very much, and said to Mr. Adair, Surely, Sir, you are jocular, I replied it was surely no time for a man to be jocular, when another man's life was at stake, which I then considered to be the case; I asked him, what could all this mean; the person he pretended to be intimate with, did not seem so much as to know him? About that time my brother came in, a great deal of conversation passed backwards and forwards, at last Mr. Perreau said, he had the bond from his sister, Mrs. Daniel Perreau , who he desired might be sent for; to which we all agreed, and she was sent for; when she came, she was shewn the bond, and Mr. Perreau asked her, I believe, whether she did not give it him? she admitted she did, and in short took the whole upon herself, and acknowledged herself to be theRobert Perreau , and begged that an innocent man who had a family might not suffer; that he had a very good character, and was of a very respectable family, and that she was the cause of the whole, She desired at first to speak with Mr. Adair in a separate room; but that Mr. Adair declined, and said, she could have nothing to say to him that would not be proper to say before my brother and me. That is all that passed. We were three or four hours together; we sent for Daniel Perreau to see if he could throw any light upon it; he declared he was quite a stranger to the whole affair. This was upon a Wednesday, we parted, and I saw no more of Robert Perreau till the Saturday following, when I was sent for to Sir John Fielding's office; at that time a charge had been made by the prisoner against this Mrs. Daniel Perreau , as she was called, but her name turned out to be Rudd: upon his bringing her there, I was sent for, I saw her there; there were several persons present. Mr. Dagge a friend of Mr. Robert Perreau 's, was the person that came from Sir John Fielding's office for me; they asked me at Sir John Fielding 's what I knew about this matter; I told them all that had passed at Mr. Adair's, and at our house at Charing Cross; but I did not there relate the circumstances so particularly as I have now done.
Q. Have you ever seen Mr. Adair write.
Drummond. I may have seen Mr. Adair write; but it is a great many years ago, I cannot charge my memory with it, but most likely I have.
Prisoner. Leave it to my counsel.
Counsel. I would ask you a few questions, in order perfectly to understand you. The first time that the prisoner came to you with this bond upon your inspection, and your brother's you expressed great doubts of its being Mr. William Adair's.
Drummond. I did.
Q. I suppose with a degree of positiveness that it was not?
Drummond. That we had great doubts.
Q. You expressed them over and over?
Drummond. Yes, over and over again.
Q. You shewed no manner of inclination therefore at that time to advance money upon this bond?
Drummond. None at all, further than telling him to leave the bond.
Q. The first time he came with the bond, on the 7th of March, you did not desire it to be left?
Q. You expressed no desire then to get possession of the bond?
Drummond. Not at that time.
Q. But you perfectly explained to him that you was almost satisfied that it was not Mr. Adair's hand?
Drummond. We expressed great doubts, there was a delicacy, we did not chuse to say he had brought us a forged bond.
Q. Was your brother with you upon this Tuesday?
Q. Did you both express your doubts?
Q. How long did the prisoner stay, this first time?
Drummond. Eight or ten minutes; or a quarter of an hour, I cannot say exactly.
Q. And he returned you that same bond
Q. Did you call in any body but your brother, when he came the second time with the bond?
Drummond. Nobody whatever.
Q. I observed your expression was, that he said, there were family connexions, and he has my money, and pays me interest for it; can you take upon you to say with absolute certainty, whether he said, it was his money Mr. Adair paid interest for, or some of the family's money?
Drummond. His money.
Q. Are you quite sure of that?
Q. Did he take away, the bond that time?
Drummond. He did the first, time but not the second.
Q. He readily left the bond?
Drummond. Yes, without even a memorandum.
Q. Without any hesitation?
Q. He did not offer any excuse not to leave it?
Q. He complied with your desire of leaving the bond, as the most innocent man would have done?
Drummond. Yes, readily.
Q. Are you perfectly sure that he said, he himself had seen Mr. Adair when he was going to ride, or that his sister, or any body else had?
Drummond. I am perfectly sure, he said, that he himself saw Mr. Adair, that he was in his boots, and he luckily catched him just before he was going to take a ride.
Q. You gave the bond to your clerk after Mr. Perreau was gone?
Drummond. Yes, to the clerk, or my brother.
Q. When you desired him to come the next day at eleven o'clock, did he readily consent?
Drummond. Very readily; he supposed, then for what I know, that he was to have the money, for he left the bond in order to have the assignment drawn up.
Q. Then during the times he was at your house, he did not once ask to have the bond away with him?
Q. When he first shewed you this letter, with Mr. Adair's initials, did you desire to read it?
Drummond. No, I do not think I did.
Q. He produced that letter merely to shew you the initials?
Drummond. Yes, I did not read it.
Q. Then he still insisted that the name was Mr. Adair's hand writing?
Drummond. He did.
Q. Who first proposed to go to Mr. Adair's?
Drummond. My brother, or I, I cannot tell which.
Q. Are you quite sure it was one of you?
Q. You said, that immediately upon the proposal being made, he most readily consented to it?
Drummond. Yes, he did.
Q. Did you observe in his expression, or countenance, or behaviour, the least reluctance to come into the proposal of going to Mr. Adair?
Drummond. Not the least; for being convinced in my own mind that it was a forged bond. I looked steadfastly on his countenance, and could not see him alter in the least.
Q. You then went to Mr. Adair's?
Q. You have said he carried you in his coach?
Drummond. Yes, he said that would be the quickest way of going, his coach being first at the door.
Drummond. Yes, after my expressing my wonder and astonishment at what had passed.
Q. And as I understood you, he then for the first time appeared surpriz'd?
Drummond. He did.
Q. How soon did she come?
Drummond. I believe as soon as the carriage would go up to Golden Square and return.
Q. Did you observe any particular delay?
Drummond. No, she came as soon as the carriage could well bring her.
Q. You have said in the gross, that she took it wholly upon herself?
Drummond. She did,
Q. Did she do that in the presence of the prisoner?
Drummond. Yes, she said he was totally innocent, and she was the person that forged the bond, and begg'd us for God's sake to have mercy upon an innocent man, to consider his wife and children.
Drummond. I cannot charge my memory.
Q. She pressed to see Mr. Adair alone, which he declin'd?
Drummond. She did.
Drummond. I believe she was in a different room sometimes, with my brother and me, but I cannot speak particularly as to that.
Q. Did she tell any particular circumstances how she came to do it?
Drummond. She acknowledged the whole, and said no body was meant to be injured; that it would all be paid; that she never meant to injure us or any body.
Q. She said that she had done it, and that he was perfectly innocent?
Drummond. She did.
Q. Did she give any account of any other bonds at that time?
Drummond. No, we had not an idea of any other bonds at that time.
Q. Do you recollect her mentioning any circumstances how she came to be induced to do it, or how she carried it on?
Q. Did she say under what circumstances she had written the name?
Drummond, I do not recollect that she did.
Q. Did you express any doubt whether she could readily write that name in the way in which it appears?
Drummond. Yes we did.
Q. What was her answer?
Drummond. My brother said, that it was a masculine hand, and he did not think a woman could write it: she proved it, by taking a bit of paper and shewing us she could write it.
Q. And it was the same hand?
Drummond. It did appear to us to be the same.
Q. This was readily performed by her?
Drummond. Yes, and I believe my brother put the paper into the fire.
Drummond. She did not to the best of my recollection.
Q. Did she say whether she knew him?
Drummond. I do not recollect.
Q. Was you present when Mrs. Rudd gave her information before the justice?
Drummond. I think I was, but I do not think I went very close to her.
Drummond. We both expressed ourselves to that effect. A constable had been sent for to Mr. Adair's; we dismissed him upon her acknowledging herself to be the guilty person.
Q. You said that you had known the prisoner yourself some years.
Drummond. I had.
Q. I believe he had served as an apothecary several families you are acquainted with?
Drummond. He had.
Q. During that time, you mean to say, you had never heard any thing amiss of him, but he was well spoken of, and perfectly well respected?
Drummond. Perfectly so.
Q. I believe he was remarkably happy in his character.
Drummond. Exceedingly so.
Q. Look at that letter, and see if it be the same hand.
Drummond. It does appear to be the same hand
Counsel for the Crown. At the time you was of opinion that Mr. Perreau might be innocent, did you know any thing with respect to the filling up of the bond, or who had done it?
Drummond. I had at that time no knowledge of that.
Daniel Wheatley . I am clerk to Mess. Drummonds, the bond is marked with my name; I had it from Mr. Henry Drummond , upon the 8th of March; I delivered it to him again upon the 12th. It is in the same state in which I received it.
Wheatly. I saw him pass through the room.
Q. You had no conversation with him.
Wheatley. No, I had not.
Robert Drummond , Esq. I am a Banker, and am in partnership with my brother; the first time I saw the prisoner, was on the seventh of March, then I saw him at our house at Charing Cross; my brother called me in, and said, this is Mr. Robert Perreau , whom I lent fourteen hundred pounds to, while you was out of town, and he now wants five thousand pounds, said he, he offersabond as a security for the five thousand pounds. I asked him whose bond it was; he said Mr. William Adair 's. What, said I, the late agent in Pall-Mall? He shewed me the bond. I said, why this is not his hand. I had seen his draughts and seen him write a great many years ago. Oh, said he, there is no doubt but it is his hand, it is witnessed by Mr. Jones, Mr. Adair's solicitor, and his servant. Said I, it is very odd, I have seen his hand formerly, this does not appear to be the least like it. I think, I said to him, if I was to take my oath, I would rather swear it was not his hand-writing. I said, the bond is made payable to you, was you present when it was executed? No, said he, I was not present. I believe my brother then said, come to morrow and we will give you an answer. When Mr. Perreau was gone, I told my brother I had great doubts about the signature, and I thought it would not be amiss to have the bond left with us, as it must be assigned if we advanced any money upon it. I went out with a gentleman who was then waiting for me; I returned in two or three hours, When I came back, I asked my brother if he had sent for the bond; he said Mr. Perreau has been here, and has left the bond. Mr. Perreau came again the next morning for his answer, Mr. Stephens and I had been previously with Mr. Adair, and shewed him the bond. I asked Mr. Perreau if this Mr. Adair was the late agent in Pall-Mall, I said, an elderly gentleman, and described him as well as I could. He said it was. I looked very stedfastly on his countenance, and did not observe it had any effect upon him. I said we have our doubts, and till these doubts are cleared up we can advance no money. I said, the only way of clearing up those doubts would be to go to Mr. Adair, if he had no objection. He said no; he looked at his watch, and said, if he is not gone out. I had not been come from Mr. Adair a quarter of an hour, but I did not tell Mr. Perreau that; he went with great readiness, without the least hesitation. The morning was rather wettish; my brother said, I have my carriage here, I will carry you. Mr. Perreau said mine is first, you had better go in mine. They both went in Mr. Perreau's carriage; I walked there soon after them.
I asked Mr. Perreau, when we were there, how he could account for this: he said at first, he knew nothing at all of it. Why, said I, it is evident this is not Mr. Adair's hand; and asked him how he came by the bond. We were surprized at his absurd conduct. I said, you are either the greatest fool, or the greatest rogue that I ever saw; I do not know what to make of you, you must account for this: how came you by this bond? Then he said, that will appear, if you send for my sister. I asked who that was. Why, said he, my brother, Mr. Daniel Perreau 's wife. He called his servant, and sent the coach for her: he told the servant, she would be either in Golden Square, or Harley Street, but most likely in Golden Square: and the coach came back with her so soon, that I apprehend it did not go further than Golden Square. At first, she asked to speak with Mr. Adair in a room by himself. Mr. Adair declined that, and said, you are quite a stranger to me, and you can have no conversation with me that may not pass before these gentlemen. I had told him before this, that I would send for a constable directly, and send him before a magistrate if he would not tell his accomplices; for accomplices he must have, if he did not do it himself: then it was that he sent for his sister. She declared, that she forged the bond; that she signed the bond, andWilliam Adair , or part of the name, so extremely like the signature to the bond, that it satisfied me, and I burnt the paper. Then Mr. Robert Perreau said, he hoped, that the information she had given sufficiently acquitted him in our opinions. My brother made answer, he had better not enquire into that; he could say nothing to it, till he had consulted somebody of the law. Mr. Perreau immediately upon that, for the first time, expressed great unneasiness. He said, I would sooner have cut my right hand off, than have injured any man; and then, and then only, did he seem the least agitated. The first time that I heard this woman was called Rudd, was, I think, at Sir John Fielding 's.
Q. Have you seen Mr. Adair's writing frequently, since that time?
R. Drummond. I have seen his handwriting.
Q. Is that an imitation of his handwriting?
R. Drummond. It is not the least like it; I never saw his christian name wrote at full length in my life: this was at full length.
Q. You told Mr. Perreau, you would rather swear it was not Mr. Adair's handwriting?
R. Drummond. I did.
Q. Did you at that time perceive any alteration in Mr. Perreau's countenance?
R. Drummond. No, not the least.
Q. Mrs. Rudd acknowledged the letter as well as the bond, to be her hand-writing?
R. Drummond. Yes, Mr. Perreau said, it was, and she acknowledged it.
Q. You likewise told us, that Mr. Perreau asked the question, whether he was not sufficently cleared in your opinion; and you hesitating; that then, and not till then, did he seem concerned?
R. Drummond. Yes, she said, Mr. Perreau was a very worthy man; he had a wife and family, and was in no shape guilty; that she had throughout the whole imposed upon him.
Court. Was you by when the prisoner said, he had been at Mr. Adair's, and that Mr. Adair was going out a riding?
R. Drummond. That was when I was out.
Q. Do you know the prisoner?
Sir T. Frankland. He has been my apothecary about fifteen or sixteen years; I always looked upon him as an honest man, and I thought he was incapable of ever deceiving me at all. My uncle thought him so honest a man, that he always called him, honest Perreau.
Q. Whether you had, before March last, any bond or bonds in your custody, which were given you by the prisoner?
Sir T. Frankland. Do you, mean that I should tell all?
Q. No, only answer the question, whether you had any bond before March last. I want to know whether they were to be taken up in March?
Sir T. Frankland. The prisoner brought me two bonds at different times: one to Daniel Perreau for six thousand pounds, and the other to himself, Robert Perreau , for five thousand three hundred pounds: that for five thousand three hundred pounds, which I lent him four thousand pounds upon was to be repaid on the 26th or 29th of March, with the three days grace the other was due on the 8th of March.
Q. Please to look at the bond in question; it is I believe your filling up.
Wilson. It is: I filled it up at the request of the prisoner at the bar.
Q. When did you fill it up.
Wilson. The latter end of February, or the beginning of March last.
Q. I perceive it bears date to the 25th of January.
Wilson. I recollect I antidated it to the preceding January, at the request of the prisoner.
Q. When you had so fill'd it up and anti-dated it, did you give it back to the prisoner?
Wilson. I did.
Q. Where was it fill'd up?
Wilson. At my house at Charing-Cross.
Q. Was any other person present?
Wilson. No, except it was some of my family.
Q. You say, you did it by his direction; you had the directions I believe in writing?
Wilson. I had.
Q. Then produce them.
Wilson. These were the instructions the prisoner gave me: (producing them)
Q. Did he say any thing about the instructions, or what should be done with them?
Wilson. He said, Mr. Wilson, I have given you the instructions upon a piece of paper; I desire you will burn it. I told him, there was a minute upon the back of the paper of a petition to the recorder, and I could not burn it then, because of that minute. He desired I would burn it, when I had done with it, and I promised I would; but I put it in my desk and it slipp'd my memory.
Q. There were no names upon this bond at the time you fill'd it up?
Q. I see part of these instructions are scor'd through?
Wilson. They are.
Q. Who was that done by?
Wilson. The prisoner; after I had fill'd up the bond and before he left me.
Q. Can you read what is scor'd through?
Wilson. Yes. it is William Adair of Pall-Mall, in the parish of St. James's, in the county of Middlesex, Esq; to Robert Perreau of Golden Square, in the county of Middlesex, aforesaid, Esq; the sum of 7500 l. to be paid upon the 7th of July next.
Q. Did he score this through after you had said you could not burn it then?
Wilson. He said, Mr. Wilson, we cannot burn this, because of the minute at the back: You will be sure to burn it; I said, I will.
Q. Have you fill'd up any other bonds for the prisoner before?
Wilson. I have.
Q. Do you know his hand writing?
Q. Have you seen him frequently write?
Ogilvie. Yes, frequently.
Ogilvie. No, it is not in the least like it.
Q. You are now clerk to him, I believe.
Ogilvie. Mr. Adair is not now in business.
Q. When did you quit his service?
Ogilvie. In the year 1765, when Mr. Adair quitted business.
Q. How lately have you seen him write?
Ogilvie. Since Christmas.
Adair. I am.
Q. Does the signature to this bond appear to you to be the hand-writing of Mr. Adair.
Adair. It is not.
Q. Does it bear any resemblance to it?
Adair. Not the least.
Q. Did you receive any letter from Mrs. Rudd?
Q. Was she with you?
Q. Had you any conversation with her?
Q. Who was present when Mrs. Rudd had the conversation with you?
Adair. Nobody, only her and myself.
Q. For what purpose did she come to you?
Adair. She knows a gentleman that I know in the North of Ireland.
Court. That cannot be evidence.
Counsel for the Prisoner.
My lord, it has already been given in evidence, that Mrs. Rudd took it upon herself, and declared the prisoner totally innocent. This letter is exactly to the same purport, and this letter is written, as I understand, the day after she was at Mr. Adair's. The expressions
Court. Can her letter be stronger evidence than her own personal declarations? Both the Mr. Drummonds declare she took it upon herself; that she did it; that the whole was her's; and he was innocent: that is certainly stronger than her writing it down upon a piece of paper.
Counsel for the Prisoner.
I am perfectly satisfied with your lordship's declaration.
Q. You know nothing at all of it.
Q. Is it like your hand-writing?
Jones. Nothing like it.
Jones. No, I never had to my remembrance.
Q. You know nothing of that signature?
Jones. I never heard of the name.
The forged Bond was read in court, and was exactly as set forth in the indictment.
The letter produced by Mr. Drummond, read.
"I am more obliged to you than I can express
"for the friendly trouble you take to get
"me accommodated; hitherto I have only in
"words expressed my sense for your kind attentions
"and service; a little time will afford
"me occasions to give you solid proof of my
"regard: to-day's business vexed me greatly,
"but the result is hazardable to all; but you
"will infinitely add to your favours by going
"to Sir T. F. either fixing 12 o'clock to morrow,
"to pay the money to him or the banker:
"my reason for it is truly this; that I ' have in case of necessity fixed with Crofts to
"let me have this evening 5900 l. but as I really
"have used my credit there, even more
"than I ever did before, or like, and seeing it the "' same to use the money for the payment, I with
"to spare my taking cash from C. if practicable,
"but in case ought should delay or prevent "' the money from D. S. to morrow, in that
"case you will go to Harley-street, where
"you will find my draughts upon Crofts, to receive
"from him five thousand pounds, so
"that half an hour cannot be lost either
"way. If you do not meet with Sir T. F.
"leave an explicit letter to the purpose, or
"send to the banker's, and say you will be
"with them to take up your bond, to prevent
"its coming out in the morning.
"Yours, W. A."
Directed to Mr. Perreau, Golden-Square.
A. He does.
My Lord, and Gentlemen of the Jury, If I had been wanting in that fortitude, which is the result of innocence, or had found any hesitation in submitting my proceedings to the strictest scrutiny, I need not at this day have stood before my country, or set my life upon the issue of a legal trial. Supported by the consciousness of my integrity, I have forced that taansaction to light, which might else have been suppressed; and I have voluntarily sought that imprisonment, which guilt never invites, and even innocence has been known to fly from. Ardently looking forward to this hour, as the sure, though painful means of vindicating a character, not distinguished indeed for its importance, but hitherto maintained without a blemish. There are many respectable witnesses at hand, and many more, I persuade myself, would be found if it had been necessary to summon them upon a point of such notoriety, who will inform your lordship and the court, how I have appeared to them to act, what trust has been reposed in me, and what credit I had in their opinions
"The prisoner then stated many circumstances
"of imposition practiced upon him by Mrs.
"Rudd. - That she was constantly converting
"about the interest she had with Mr. William
"Adair. - That among other things,
"Mr. Adair had by his interest with his majesty
"obtained the promise of a baronatage for Mr.
"a seat in parliament. - That Mr. Adair
"had promised to open a bank, and to take
"the two Perreaus into partnership with him.
"That he received many letters signed William
"Adair, which he did not doubt really
"a very considerable part of his fortune during
"his life; and was to allow Mr. Daniel
"Perreau two thousand four hundred pounds
"per ann for his household expences, and
"six hundred pounds per ann, for her pin-money.
"a house in Harley-street for four
"thousand pounds, which money Mr. William
"Adair was to give them. That when
"bought the house of for the money, the prisoner
"understood they applied to Mr. William
"Adair, and that his answer was, That
"he had lent the king seventy thousand
"pounds, and had purchased a house in
"Pall mall at seven thousand pounds to carry
"on the banking business in, therefore
"could not spare the four thousand pounds at
"that time. And that Mrs. Rudd told him,
"(the prisoner) that Mr. Adair desired he
"would get a bond for five thousand three
"hundred pounds filled up, as he had done
"once before, and Mr. Adair would execute
"it. That after Wilson had filled up the
"bond, he delivered it to Mrs. Rudd, who
"gave it to the prisoner a day or two after
"executed. That he borrowed the four
"thousand pounds upon this bond, which
"was dated the 20th of December, of Sir
"draught to Mrs. Rudd. That about
"the 10th of March, he told Mrs. Rudd that
"Mr. Adair's bond that he had given to Sir
"due; and Mrs. Rudd told him the next
"day, that Mr. Adair desired he would once
"more borrow for him five thousand pounds.
"That he made many objections to being employed
"in so disagreeable a business; but at
"last supposing he should oblige Mr. Adair, he
"consented, and accordingly got a bond filled
"up by the stationer for seven thousand five
"hundred pounds, payable to himself. That
"he delivered it to Mrs. Rudd on Saturday
"the 4th of March, in the presence of his
"wife, his brother, and Mr. Cassaday; That
"Mrs. Rudd returned it him executed on the
"Tuesday following. And that he never had
"the least suspicion but that the bonds were
"That when he took the bond to Mr. Drummonds,
"he did not say that he had himself
"seen it executed by Mr. Adair, but that he
"knew it was Mr. Adair's hand-writing, as
"he had often seen letters from Mr. Adair to
"when he informed Mrs. Rudd of the observations
"the signature to the bond, she went out, and
"upon her return she told him she had seen
"Mr. Adair, just as he was going out a riding,
"and that Mr. Adair told her that the alteration
"in the signature was merely the difference
"between age and youth, and that it
"was his hand-writing, and that he told
"Mr. Drummond so, and that he knew nothing
"of its being a surgery till the interview
"with Mr. Adair." - Having stated the above circumstances, the prisoner concluded his defence to the following effect:
My Lord, and Gentlemen of the Jury, I have now faithfully laid before you, such circumstances which have occured to my memory, as necessary for your information, in the order as they happened during my acquaintance with Mrs. Rudd, under the character of my brother's wife. Many have been the sufferers by artifices and impostors, but never man appeared, I believe, in this or any other tribunal, upon whom so many engines were set at work to interest his credulity. It will not escape the notice of this splendid court, that my compassion was first engaged by the story of Mrs. Rudd's sufferings, before my belief was invited to her representations. Let me have credit with you for yielding up by pity in the first instance, and you cannot wonder I did not with hold my credulity afterwards. It is in this natural, this necessary consequence, I rest my defence. I was led from error to error by such insensible degrees; that every step I took strengthened my infatuation. When Mr. Drummond first hesitated at the hand writing at the foot of the bond, I tendered in the name of William Adair , if it did not so far alarm me as to shake my belief in this artful woman, from whose hands I had received it, let it be considered that I had been prevailed upon to negociate other bonds of this artful woman depositing them in the hands of bankers who had never spied any defect, or raised the least objection. These bonds had been punctually and regularly paid in due time. The letters sent to me, as if from William Adair , critically agreed with the hand-writing of the bond. Mr. Adair did not keep money at Mr. Drummond's: opportunities of comparing his hand writing for many years, had not occured, and the hesitation upon his part, appeared to me no more than the exceptions and I minute precautions of a banker, which could not so suddenly overturn the explicit belief that I had annexed to all that was told me in Harley Street. Can any greater proof be given, than my own proposal to Mr. Drummond of leaving the bond in his hands till he had satisfied his credulity. Can your Lordship, or the gentlemen of the jury for a moment suspect, that any man could be guilty of such a crime, whose proceedings were so fair and open? that single circumstance I am satisfied, will afford my total exculpation. The resort to Mr. Adair was as easy to Mr. Drummond, as to the books in his compting house: it does not come within the bounds of common sense, much less does it fall within the possibility of guilt, that any man living should voluntarily, with his eyes open, take a step so directly and absolutely centering in his certain conviction. But this circumstance, strong as it is, is not all my case. I bless God, the protector of innocence, that in my defence, proofs arise upon proofs, the least of them I trust, will be thought incompatible with guilt: it should seem impossible that a guilty person would propose to Mr. Drummond to retain the bond for the satisfaction of his scruples; but that the same person, should after so long a time for consideration, had passed after my leaving the bond, which was full twenty-four hours, openly and in the face of the day enter the shop of Mr. Drummond, and demand if he had satisfied all his scruples; unless a man from meer desperation had been weary of his life, and fought a dissolution, this I humbly apprehend would be an absolute impossibility; but my lords, and gentlemen of the jury. I had neither in my breast the principle or guilt to commit that high offence against society, which would accompany the act; nor had I that desperate loathing of existence, as should bring a shameful condemnation upon my head: it is true, I have invited this trial, but it is equally true, I have done it in the consciousness of my integrity, because I could not otherwise go through the remainder of my days with comfort and satisfaction, unless I had the verdict of my countrymen for my acquital, and rested my innocence upon the purest testimony I could have on this side the grave. It is plain I had an opportunity of withdrawing myself:
(For the Prisoner.)
Kinder. I never knew her by that name; I only knew her by the name of Perreau. I was some months at their house upon a visit.
Kinder. I was, Mrs. Rudd, told me she was a near relation of Mr. James Adair ; that James Adair look'd upon her as his child, and promised to make her fortune, and establish her in life; and that he recommended her to Mr. William Adair , a near relation and intimate friend of his.
Kinder. Mr. Robert Perreau shew'd me some letters from Mr. William Adair , and I think I saw Mrs. Rudd more than once give him letters, as from Mr. Adair to him: and I remember one in particular, he shew'd me; I told him he would do well to preserve that letter, because it would justify him in case Mr. Adair should draw back from his promises. Mrs. Rudd has told me that it was the intention of Mr. William Adair to set them up in the banking business?
Q. Has she told you this in the presence of Mr. Perreau?
Kinder. Yes, in the presence of both the Perreau's, and sometimes in their absence she has told it me frequently.
Kinder. I believed them myself.
Q. Did it appear to you that the Perreaus believed them?
Kinder. She seemed to me rather artful in the conduct of her business; and she wanted the Perreaus to consider, that an obedience to her will, would be the only means in which these favors were to flow to them. Robert Perreau was three or four times a day at his brother's house. I think I have heard her say, that her fortune was to be established in such a manner, that they were to have, I think, near three thousand pounds a year: that Mr. Perreau was to be allowed two thousand four hundred pounds a year for his houshold expences, and that she was to be allowed six hundred pounds a year for pin-money, which she was not to be accountable, for the expenditure of, to any body but Mr. William Adair . I have likewise heard her say, that Mr. Daniel Perreau was to be made a baronet; and she has told me very often so and so, when I am a lady, I shall doso and so.
Kinder. I dare say he was often.
Kinder. Very frequently. I remember to have heard her say, in Mr. Robert Perreau 's presence, that Mr. William Adair had consented to the purchase of a house in Harley Street, four thousand pounds, for Daniel Perreau ; and she likewise said, that Mrs. James Adair called to see her, and talked to her about a seat in parliament, she was to get for Mr. Daniel Perreau: that she (Mrs. Rudd) said, it will cost three thousand Newmarket pounds; upon which Mrs. James Adair asked, what is Newmarket pounds? and Mrs. Rudd said, guineas: upon which Mrs. James Adair said, she thought pounds might serve very well, and she would not give any more. Mrs. Rudd declared, a day or two after, that as Mrs. James Adair was rather near in money matters, that Mr. William Adair had charged himself to provide a seat in parliament for Mr. Perreau, and that the house that Mr. William Adair was to give Mr. Perreau, the old lady was to purchase.
Court. Was the place mentioned?
Kinder. I think I heard her say it was Luggershall.
Moody. Yes, to Mr. Daniel Perreau
Q. Do you know Mrs. Rudd's manner of writing?
Moody. Perfectly well.
Moody. Quite different from her common hand; the R's in those letters represented a Z very much. Those letters were to make Mr. Daniel Perreau believe that they came from Mr. William Adair , and when Daniel Perreau went out and left word that he should be at such a place if any body called upon him, then the instant he went out, she used to come down; and write in this particular character, and would say, when your master comes home, deliver this letter to him as left by Mr. William Adair , and tell him, he has been an hour with me in the parlour. When my master came home, she would be out; then he would ask if any one had been there; I answered yes, Mr. William Adair the agent, has been here. Is there any message left for me? Yes, sir, a letter which my mistress gave me
Court. He had not been there then, had he?
Moody. No, I only told him so by my mistress's orders. Then I have been asked by my master if my mistress saw Mr. Adair; I answered, yes, and was with him an hour in the parlour. Then my master went up stairs, took the letter my mistress had so wrote, and send so left, and read it in the presence of Col. Kinder .
Q. You seem to have been giving the particulars of something which passed upon some one particular occasion, I would ask you whether instances to the same effect have not happened many times?
The signature at the bottom of this bond, and the letters are in her feign 'd hand writing. Sometimes when I have gone up to her door and she has been writing in this way, she has given me a short answer, and been angry with me. She had different pens; she us'd to send me for hard crow quill and goose quill pens, and I used to mend them, because she said she could write better with pens of my mending; she ordered me to get different paper from that we used in Daniel Perreau 's family: I bought her thick gilt edg'd paper; Mr. Perreau always wrote upon thin paper. I have seen her go to Mr. James Adair two or three times; once I remember her seeing Mr. James Adair in Soho Square; another time she went to Mr. James Adair and was answered by the servant, to the best of my knowledge, that Mr. James Adair was at his office in the city.
Moody. The opinion I entertained of her giving these directions about these letters, was to make Mr. Perreau believe, that she had been there: she said to me, if your master finds out I have not been with Mr. Adair, or that Mr. Adair has not been here, he will never pardon me. After she has been talking with colonel Kinder, she has rung for me and has shut herself and me up in the parlour together; then she has come as if she was going to put her hand upon my shoulder, with a smile upon her face, and has said, that was well done of you, John, just now you have sav'd your master being angry with me, and there's half a crown for you. Mr. Robert Perreau was often at Mr. Daniel Perreau's at these times; I don't recollect whether any letters were delivered to Mr. Daniel Perreau in Mr. Robert Perreau 's presence: Mrs. Rudd has frequently come down to the foot of the parlour stairs and call'd me up, and bid me go when I had an opportunity and give a double rap at the door, and then come up to the drawing room to her and say, a gentleman wanted to speak with her; then she would come down and write these notes, which were in the same hand I have observed her to be writing when she would not suffer me to be in the room, and she has bid me carry those notes up as if they came from Mr. William Adair .
Q. Do you remember carrying any message to either of the Adairs from Mrs. Rudd?
Moody. Yes, I was sent to Mr. James Adair 's with a present of some French pears, and I once carried a message, I believe it was a card inclosed, importing that Mrs. Perreau, as she was then called, intended to pay her a visit. I think, I brought back another card inclosed; and Mrs. James Adair called once to pay her lying in visit.
Moody. No. Mrs. Rudd once sent me to enquire if he was in town, I was told he was not.
Susanna Perreau . I am sister to the prisoner. I was backward and forward at Mill Hill, and Mr. Rober Perreau, in Golden Square, from the middle of May to the middle of July, 1774. I often saw them and Mrs. Rudd together. I have heard Mr. William Adair spoken of by Mrs. Rudd before both my brothers: she has said, that he would be a great friend to her and her children. I saw a note delivered, once by Mrs. Rudd to Daniel Perreau. for nineteen thousand pounds. drawn upon Mr. Croft the banker in favour of Mr. Daniel Perreau , by Mr. William Adair.Daniel Perreau , brought it at a quarter after nine. I do not know who the letter was directed to. I knocked at the door, and then I delivered the letter to my mistress; my master immediately broke the seal, and I left the room. I have been often sent by the footman to tell Mrs. Rudd that Mr. William Adair was there, when Mr. Perreau was not present. Once, when I was dressing her, she went down with one ruffle on, and said, I will attend Mr. Adair directly; but I never saw Mr. Adair there that I know of, and this happened two or three times.
Daniel Perreau . Upon the night of the 3d of March, when we came home from my brother's, Mrs. Rudd retired from the parlour we first went into; she came in again in a few minutes, and then the waiting-maid brought a letter, and delivered it to her in my presence. She asked the maid how long it had been brought; the maid said about nine o'clock, by Francis Coverley , who is the person Mrs. Rudd usually employed to go upon messages to Mr. Adair; when the servant was gone, Mrs. Rudd said, the purport of the letter was, that Mr. Adair desired her to apply to my brother, the prisoner, to procure him five thousand pounds upon his, Mr. Adair's, bond, in the same manner as he had done before. The next day, Saturday the 4th of March, we were at my brother Robert's house, Mrs. Rudd took my brother aside, and, in my presence, said I have seen Mr. Adair this morning; he by no means would have you do any thing painful to yourself, and if you do not like to apply to Mr. Evans for the money, he desired you would endeavour to get it of Mr. Drummonds, and in order to obviate an objection my brother made to going to Mr. Drummond, Mrs. Rudd said, it was Mr. Adair's desire that he should pay Mr. Drummond the fourteen hundred pounds, for which the papers of my house were mortgaged to Mr. Drummond, out of the five thousand pounds so borrowed. My brother, after a great unwillingness, at last agreed to it, and said he would get a bond filled up. My brother went out in the afternoon, and came in again just as we were at tea; and, in the presence of his wife, the gentleman that assists him in business, and myself, he delivered, her the bond, saying, madam, I have brought you the affair; she took it, put it in her pocket, and no farther conversation passed upon it till Monday the 6th, when I came home and was preparing to go to bed, I saw a letter lying on the table directed to herself; I asked what it was; she said it was the bond Mr. Adair had returned executed for my brother to get the money of Mess. Drummonds. She got up earlier than usual the next morning; she sent for my brother Robert, and gave him the bond, and desired him to go with it to Mess. Drummonds, and endeavour to get the money for Mr. Adair, with the same privacy that he had done upon other occasions. That Mr. Adair was unwilling to have it appear that the money was raised for him, and therefore my brother was desired to lodge the bond with so me confidential friend that would not desire an assignment of it. My brother shewed a vast deal of reluctancy, and said it was a very unpleasant work. And I said, I thought it was so. But as Mr. Drummond had a personal knowledge of Mr. Adair, I thought he could have no objection; upon which he put the bond into his pocket.
Q. Did it appear to you, that your brother believed Mrs. Rudd's representation of her connection with Mr. Adair?
Perreau. Certainly he did.
Q. I need hardly ask you if you believed the same?
Perreau. I did to my misfortune.
Q. Did she ever apply to you to get the bond filled up?
Perreau. No, never.
Q. Did she never desire you to apply to a scrivener?
Perreau. No, but she desired that five thousand pounds might be borrowed upon a bond of seven thousand five hundred pounds.
Counsel for the prosecution.
Q. Was any thing said about the dates?
Q. Did you not say, when you was at Mr. Adair's, that you was a perfect stranger to the bond?
Perreau. I said, I had never seen the bond before, I never had, upon my oath, a perfect knowledge of the bond before I saw it in Mr. Adair's hand.
Q. Did you not tell them, or convey the idea, that you was a perfect stran ger to the whole transaction?
Perreau. I did not.
Q. Did you tell them the story you have told now?
Perreau. When I came into the room, and saw them in such a state of confusion, I hardly knew what I said, when Mr. Drummond told me it was a forged bond, I was shocked and amazed, knowing it had been managed by Mrs. Rudd. She said, make yourself quiet, your brother is clearly innocent. I told Mr. Drummond, I knew Mrs. Rudd had given a bond to my brother.
Q. Did you tell Mr. Drummond that it was that bond?
Perreau. Mr. Drummond was in that degree of warmth, that I did not know how to speak to him.
Q. Did you tell Mr. Drummond that the bond was for seven thousand five hundred pounds?
Perreau. I told Mr. Drummond at that time, that I knew there was a bond given by Mrs. Rudd to my brother, upon which my brother was desired to borrow of him five thousand pounds. Mr. Drummond asked me, if I knew my house was mortgaged to him? I told him it was, and I understood it was to be paid out of this five thousand pounds, if it was borrowed of him.
David Cassaday . I have been an assistant to Mr. Robert Perreau , in the business of an apothecary for two years. Upon the Saturday before, this Mrs. Rudd drank tea at Mr. Robert Perreau 's, she waited for Mr. Perreau as he was not at home: when Mr. Robert Perreau came in, I saw him give Mrs. Rudd something wrapp'd up in a bit of whity-brown paper, and said, madam, there is your affair; I never saw the contents of that paper.
Cassaday. None, he was remarkably assiduous and attentive in his business except when his health was bad. I imagine he lived much within the profits of his prosession; I apprehend the profits much business would have warranted a much greater expence than he appeared to allow himself in his way of living. I remember talk of a scheme being in agitation to put him in the banking business. I remember Mr. Perreau was sent for by Mrs. Rudd, on Tuesday the 7th of March, about 9 o'Clock in the morning, upon urgent business.
"that the prisoner came voluntarily to
"their office, and gave an information that
"a forgery had been committed; in consequence
"of which Mrs. Rudd was taken into
"custody. He was asked whether she ever
"charged the prisoner with any knowledge
"of the transaction, till the justices were
"hearing evidence to prove her confession
"of the fact. His answer was, that he could
"not recollect that circumstance, but that she
"did not accuse the prisoner upon her first examination.
"by the counsel for the prisoner to the
"same fact, but he did not recollect the circumstance."
Council for the Crown.
Drummond. I do not think he did; all the I recollect that passed relative to the business, was, my asking Robert Perreau whether or not those deeds that were left with us for fourteen hundred pounds were not also forged; he said, they were not; and Mr. Daniel Perreau confirmed it, and said that they were left with his consent, but I do not remember his saying a single word that the bond was given Robert Perreau by his sister Mrs. Daniel Perreau .
Q. Did he say any thing about the sum?
Drummond. No, in general terms he expressed great surprize at the affair.
Robert Dummond , What did Daniel Perreau say at Mr. Adair's?
Drummond. He seemed greatly amazed, and shrugged up his shoulders, I do not believe he said ten words while I was in the room: the two rooms lye together, and we were backwards and forwards so often, I cannot tell all that passed. He seemed to be totally ignorant of the matter.
Q. Did you hear him say that Mrs. Rudd delivered the bond to his brother?
Q. Did he mention any thing of the sum the bond was for?
Drummond. He did not.
Captain Charles Ellis . I have known Mr. Robert Perreau almost from my infancy; his brother and I went into the public service together; I have been intimate with his family for twenty years; I ever understood him, and thought him the most upright young man I ever was acquainted with. So far, that I would have trusted him with my life and fortune; I always thought him the best father, the best husband, and the most upright man in his business I ever heard of. I have been acquainted with him a great number of years, and I never knew him spend an idle hour though I have been so often with him. I always looked upon him to be in very affluent circumstances.
Mr. Grindal. I have known Mr. Perreau some years. I always looked upon him as a very upright man; and if he had asked me to lend him money the day before this affair broke out, I should have done it with the greatest readiness.
Q. If any body had told you he was suspected of such a transaction as this, you would not have been easily induced to believe it?
Grindal. Indeed, I should not.
Mrs. Tribe. I have known Mr. Robert Perreau twenty-eight years. He served his apprentiship with my husband: he performed his service greatly to my husband's satisfaction, and has bore a most excellent character.
Q. Have you had occasion to observe whether he has been attentive to his business?
Tribe. Always very diligent. I do not think it possible he should have ever been guilty of such an action as this.
Mr. Churchill. I have known Mr. Perreau twenty-three years; he has bore a remarkable good character. I always understood he applied himself closely to business. I never was so much astonished, as upon hearing of this affair: there is not a man I had a better opinion of, than I had of Mr. Robert Perreau.
Q. Could you have imagined that he was a man likely to be guilty of such a charge?
Sir J. Moore. He is one of the last men I should have thought of.
The Right Honourable Lady Littleton.
Lady Lyttleton. Personally from the year 1771, by his character still much longer.
Q. From that general character and the knowledge you had of him, what kind of man have you esteem'd him to be?
Lady Littleton. One of the best men I ever met with; one of the most upright, humane, and benevolent.
Q. I believe, it has so happened that you have had very singular instances of his integrity?
Lady Lyttleton. In many transactions, he had 4000 l. of mine in his possession, he brought it to me and paid me 90 l. interest. I did not know that any was due, but my confidence in him was so great, if he had not paid it me I should not have thought any thing had been due.
Q. Could you have easily believed that he could have been guilty of such a crime as this?
Lady Lyttleton. I suppose I could have done it as soon myself.
Sir John Chapman . I have known Mr. Robert Perreau about twenty years: I knew him in his apprenticeship; he was always much esteemed by his master, and confidence was put in him; his character in general was extremely good. I do not know any man I should sooner put confidence in, I never was more surpriz'd in my life, than when I heard of this charge.
Captain Burgoyne . I have known Mr. Robert Perreau thirteen years. I never met with any person but what had the same opinion of him that I had; he has paid some money into my banker's hands for me; it was not any capital sum, but if
Another Gentleman. I have known Mr. Perreau about twenty years, his general character is exceeding good; every body was astonished when they heard this change against him.
Dr. Baker. I knew Mr. Robert Perreau first in the year 1762. I have been acquainted with him from that time; he has an exceeding good character: I always thought him a very honest man; I never could in the least have suspected him guilty of this change.
Dr. Warraker. I have known Mr. Perreau fourteen or fifteen years; I had always a high opinion of him as a man of integrity, and was very much surpriz'd when I heard of this.
Dr. Tennant. I have known Mr. Perreau eighteen years; I have been much in his company, on his occasional visits in the country. I have had a personal intercourse with him in town, and he has always appear'd to me to be worthy of esteem; he has done many transactions for me: I should think him, from my own knowledge, incapable of committing any dishonest transaction, much more a crime of the enormity he is now charg'd with: he is the last man I should have thought capable of such a thing.
Mr. Hawkins. I have known Mr. Perreau from his first setting out in business. I always thought him a very honest, just, upright man. Among the gentlemen of the faculty, he had the reputation of being exceeding attentive and diligent man in his profession. I certainly should not think him capable of being guilty of such a crime.
Mr. Caeser Hawkins. I have had an acquaintance with Mr. Robert Perreau ever since I was in business: I believe no man has acted upon better principles either of knowledge or probity in his business; I entertain the very best opinion of him that can be, I did not think him a man capable, or liable to be tempted to such a crime, it is a matter of general surprize to all his medical, and all his other acquaintance. I never saw a man more attentive, more diligent, and seemingly more desirous of doing every thing upon the best principles; I do not know a man I have a better opinion of in private life, he is an honest, decent, well behaved man.
Henry Evans , Esq. I have known Mr. Robert Perreau six or seven years personally, but by character from his first setting out in the world. His general character has been extremely good, I never had any reason to be of a different opinion. I always looked upon him to be an upright honest man; he has been extremely diligent in his business durring the time I have employed him and that has always recommended him to me in my family. I never could, neither do I now think him capable of the crime he is charg'd with.
Another Gentleman. I have known Mr. Perreau case since the year 1763, he bears an exceeding good character and he deserved it. I could never in the least have conceive him guilty of the crime he is charged with, I think it impossible.
Mr. Pinkston. I have known Mr. Robert Perreau from his first setting up in business. I never knew any man of a better character. I looked upon him to be one of the most upright men that I know. I never was more surprized at any thing that happened to me in my life than I was at hearing this change.
Dr. Schomberg. I have known Mr. Perreau six or seven years. No man has a better character, I never could suppose him guilty of the crime with which he is charged. I knew him in his profession, servant, and master.
Mr. Harman. I have known Mr. Robert Perreau upwards of twenty years; I have been very well acquainted with him and his family; he bears a very honest character, I have had dealings with him, and found him faithful and honest: he is the last man in the world I should suppose to be guilty of the thing laid to his charge.
William Hocker . I have known Mr. Perreau these fifteen or sixteen years: he has as fair a character as any man living. I have had many transactions with him, and always found him a man of uprightness and integrity.
Richard Brown . Esq. I have known Mr. Perreau about seven years. He bears a very good character; he is a good sort of man in his family as any in the world. I live next door to him; he has been my apothecary.
Guilty, upon the third court, of uttering and publishing the Bond, well knowing it to be forged . Death .
391. (2d M) DANIEL PERREAU was indicted for feloniously forging and counterfeiting a certain bond, in the penal sum of six thousand two hundred pounds, condition for the payment of three thousand three hundred pounds, in the name of William Adair , with intention to defraud the said William Adair , Esquire ; against the statute.
Second Count. For feloniously uttering and publishing the same bond as true, knowing it to have been forged, with the like intention; against the statute.
Fourth Count. For feloniously uttering and publishing the same bond as true, knowing it to have been forged, with the like intention, against the statute.
Doctor Thomas Brooke . I have known the prisoner several years, we have lived in great intimacy, and our families visited. On the 1st of November, 1774, he applied to me at my house in Charles Street, St. James's Square, to let him have a sum of money: the particular sum he did not then mention. But, I told him, I had at that time no more cash by me than for my own occasion, and therefore I could not accommodate him. Upon this, he said, there was something of very great importance, and if I could raise the money it would be a great advantage to him. I told him, I did not know any way of raising the money, as I had not cash in my banker's hands. Then the prisoner said let me have some of your Ayre Bank Bonds. I said, I did not think of parting with them; when you asked me to raise the money. But he said, if you will let me have them, I will give you a bond of Mr. William Adair 's for three thousand one hundred pounds, as a security, and I will leave the Ayre bonds as a deposit, in Mr. Drummond's bank. I told him, he should have the Ayre bonds upon that condition. I took out a roll from my bureau of these Ayre bonds to the number of about twenty one, and asked the prisoner how many he would have of them. After some little hesitation, he said, he would be obliged to me for fifteen: they were all of a hundred pounds each. I desired him to take down the numbers of the bonds, which he did upon this paper (producing it.) at the bottom is wrote thus - 1500, Ayre Bonds, bearing date the 29th of June, 1774, and payable to Thomas Brooke , by indorsement. - Then follows, 1st of November, 1774, Received of Dr. Brooke the above members, to be replaced in eight days, which I have given William Adair's bond as a security for three thousand one hundred pounds; signed.
This is all in Daniel Perreau 's own handwriting. He delivered me the bond which is now produced; I have had it in my possession ever since. The prisoner took the fifteen Ayre bonds away and left the bond for three thousand one hundred pounds. After this I saw Daniel Perreau almost every day. The Ayre bonds were not replaced in the eight days, according to the promise, but I thought they might be a convenience to Mr. Perreau, and so I did not demand them of him till about the middle of December; when, as I intended to call for the interest due upon them, I thought it proper to give Mr. Perreau timely notice of it, and did so in the middle of December.
On his Cross Examination.
"He said, he never did apprehend any
"other than a very good character of Daniel
"Perreau during his acquaintance: that when
"was in custody. He said, Mr. Dean, his
"lawyer, was there, but that whether he was
"taken into custody, or whether he surrendered
"himself, he knew nothing at all
Richard Wilson . I am a scrivenor, opposite the Admiralty. I filled up the bond that is now produced; it is my hand-writing. The prisoner and his brother were with me together, and have filled up bonds signed, William Adair ; but which of the brothers gave me instructions to fill them up I cannot possibly tell; but I never did fill up a bond of Mr. William Adair 's but by the instructions of one of them.
Scroope Ogilvie. I know Mr. William Adair in Pall Mall very well; I was his clerk nine or ten years: I am perfectly well acquainted with his hand-writing: it is not his hand, it does not bear the least resemblance.
My lord, I received the bond from Mrs. Rudd as a true bond of Mr. William Adair's. I did really believe it to be a genuine, authentic and valid bond, and I solemnly protest, by all my hopes of happiness here and hereafter; so villainous an intention of defrauding any man of his property never entered my mind. I adjure the Almighty so to assist me, in my present dangerous situation, as I speak here before you.
For the Prisoner.
John Moody . I was a footman in the family of Mr. Daniel Perreau ; I lived with him fifteen or sixteen months. I left him in July last. Mrs. Rudd lived with, and appeared as the wife of Mr. Daniel Perreau . During all that time, when Daniel Perreau has been going out, she has come down stairs, and began writing; and, after some time, has rung the bell for me to come to her. Accordingly, when I have come, she has given me a letter, as coming from Mr. William Adair - Saying thus to me. - When your master comes in, he will, in all probability enquire whether any gentleman has been here enquiring for him. Then I was to say, Mr. William Adair had been there, and that he had seen Mrs. Perreau, and been an hour in conversation with her in the parlour: that I should say, Mr. William Adair had left a letter for him, which Mrs. Perreau had given me. I commonly put the letters upon the mantle-piece in the parlour; and this has happened more than once or twice. When my master has come home, he has immediately asked whether any body has been there to enquire for him? I have answered, yes, Mr. William Adair has been here, and was an hour in conversation with my mistress. Then he asked, if there was any message left for him? I told him, yes, a letter was left for him, that was upon the mantle-piece, he has broken open the seal and read it. As soon as my master entered into conversation with any gentlemen in company there, my mistress would come down, and sometimes ring the bell for me, and would come towards me as tho' she was going to put her hand upon my shoulder, though she never did, and used to say, that was well done of you to save your master from being angry with me; and wouldWilliam Adair had been there, because she said to her husband, that she was going to call upon Mr. William Adair , and that if her husband found out that she had not called upon him, nor Mr. Adair upon her, he would never forgive her. She has given me half a crown for saving Mr. Perreau, by this means, from being angry with her. At other times, when my master has been gone, she has come down stairs, and tell to writing as fast as she could, and as soon as she had wrote, she has given this letter to me to carry to my master where he was at the Union coffee house, or other places, and to say he was wanted immediately at home upon urgent business. I have gone as I was directed, and my master has immediately come home, and I have followed him home at my leisure; what the business was, I never knew; and I have likewise carried letters, much in the same manner, to the Smyrna coffee-house, near St. James's; and I have said to him he was wanted at home.
Q. Did your master ever ask who wanted him?
Moody. No never. At other times she has come down stairs when company were in conversation with Daniel Perreau , and bid me, when I was an opportunity, give a double rap at the door, and come up to her, and say a gentleman wanted to speak with her below stairs. When no one has been there, she has come down to write, and the paper she used to write upon, was what I provided for her by her orders; it was thick gilt paper, very different from that commonly used in the family by Daniel Perreau ; he wrote upon thin gilt paper. She employed me to get her different pens, crow quills, goose quills, and these I used to mend; and she said, she could write better with them after I had mended them then with any other pens. After she had wrote a note, she would give it to me to put in my pocket, and wait an opportunity to bring it up to Daniel Perreau in the drawing-room; but she said, I must be cautious, in the first place, that my master was in conversation with somebody in the drawing-room, that he might not come down stairs; then to give a double rap, sometimes a single one, sometimes to say, Mr. Adair left a note, sometimes that a gentleman left it, at mother time there was a letter that was brought as from Mr. James Adair , in Soho-square. After the children had been there to pay a morning visit to Mrs. James Adair , when they returned back there was a letter produced by the nursery maid, as coming from Mr. James Adair . To the best of my knowledge, my master was out when the children came from thence. When my master came home, the letter was either given to him, or put upon the mantle piece. I am sure my master had it, for I saw the letter in his hand myself. I have seen Mary Brown , another servant, rap at the door; and take letters from Mrs. Rudd in the same manner, and say a gentleman left them; she has let me pass into the parlour first, and rapped at the parlour door, and delivered to me a note, and said here is a note a gentlemen has left I entertained no other opinion that that Mrs. Rudd wanted to make Mr. Daniel Perreau think that Mr. William Adair was an acquaintance or correspondent of her's. I thought her a very artful person in so doing, and I observed it to this Mary Brown ; the letters were wrote by Mrs. Rudd, and these letters were in a quite different hand from the usual hand that she wrote in. (A letter shown to him) It is the same direction and hand-writing she usually give to Daniel Perreau .
(The Letter read.)
Two thousand five hundred pounds is the utmost you can reckon upon for the ensuing year's income, to pay all expences and debts, seven hundred of which is already used for the said purposes; and Dr. - 's deed will reduce you to one thousand four hundred pounds to live upon until next Christmas, having neither house rent nor Mrs. P - 's expences to pay, that certainly may do very handsomely with a proper well-judged oeconomy, and without such, as many thousands might be squandered away. - M. H. is an expence that I make a point you instantly free yourself from.
Your's affectionately, W. A.
"give broad lace and new waistcoats to
"the present ones." The name William Adair to the bond appears to me to be the same hand writing that my mistress used to write; not that I ever saw my mistress write but it is the same as the direction to Daniel Perreau . I saw the letter upon her table which she wrote, which was the same sort of hand writing.
Elizabeth Perkins . I lived with Mr. Daniel Perreau from June till this affair broke out; four months before, I remember once at Mill-hill Mrs. Rudd desired me to say to Daniel Perreau , that a letter was brought by a servant; my master asked me whether the man had a livery? I told my master he had no livery. Mrs. Rudd desired me, if my master wrote any letters that she might see the directions of those letters; she desired I might take them from the footman. The footman came up about a month before this affair broke out, and said Mr. Adair was below, and she said she would go to him.
Q. Did he say which Adair?
Perkins. He did not.
Q. Who was with her at that time?
Perkins. Nobody, she was dressing in her dressing-room; she went down with one ruffle on.
Q. Do you know any thing of cards passing backwards and forwards.
Hannah Dolloux . I lived at Mr. Daniel Perreau 's ten months. I went to live there the 25th of April 1774, and came away when this affair happened. I went to nurse the children. About a month after Mrs. Rudd's lying-inn, she came to me and said, tell your master for God's sake, I am going out; that Mr. Adair called for her. My master did not come in, so nothing was said: she never mentioned Mr. William Adair's name particularly to me, but has named it as her acquaintance: she sent me down to shew the children to a gentleman; who he was I don't know.
For his Character.
Mr. George Forbes . I have known the prisoner from the year 1765, I have been intimate with him; his character was very good, I never heard anything to the contrary; I have had dealings with him in money-matters, he always paid me very honourably, and like a gentleman
John Sullivan . I have known Mr. Daniel Perreau from the year before the last peace in Guadalupe; I have had dealings with him; his character was very good; he behaved very honourably; I have trusted him with three thousand pounds and he paid me very honestly.
Capt. Charles Ellis . I have known Mr. Daniel Perreau twenty years, I never heard anything of him but as a very honest man, I always respected him as such, his acquaintance with me was through his brother, I never was acquainted much with his transactions in life because my time has been spent mostly abroad, but I always looked upon him to be an honest worthy gentleman.
Isabella Jameson. The prisoner lived in a house of mine four years since the year 1770, he bore a very good character, I never heard any thing else.
- Mevil. I have known the prisoner a year and a half, he was a very fair dealing honest man.
Guilty of uttering and publishing the bond knowing it to be forged. Death .
392. 393. (M) JOSEPH HARRISON and WILLIAM SELL were indicted, for that they in a certain field and open place near the king's highway on Richard Bolton did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing from his person a silver watch, value three pounds, a half guinea and ten shillings in money, numbered, the property of the said Richard , May 7th , *.Stepney to Shadwell with my wife and my little girl, two men passed us, I am sure Harrison was one of them, and I believe Sell was the other, but I can't be positive as to him; they said it is a fine night, and walked on before us about ten yards. When they came to the pails which run along by the side of the foot path, they turned short round, and Harrison clapp'd a pistol against my breast, and said, stop, Sir. He took my watch out of my pocket, he took half a guinea out of my left-hand pocket and ten shillings out of my other pocket; he clapped his pistol against my breast and said don't look at me, but look another way, but I took such notice of his person that I am positive to him. After Harrison had done this, he went to my wife, put his hand to her pocket and took out some halfpence. The other man that was with Harrison likewise had a pistol. I mentioned the robbery at a public house the corner of Stepney causeway, the first but house I came to.
Q. How were they dressed?
Bolton. The same as they are now.
Q. What sort of a night was it?
Bolton. A very fine night.
Q. How long were they with you at the time they robbed you?
Bolton. About four minutes.
Q. Was not you frightened?
Bolton. Not much. I have never seen my watch since.
Mary Bolton . I was with my husband and my little girl at the time we were robbed. As we went through Stepney church-yard, I saw two men, they looked at me, and I at them, but said nothing. Harrison was one of those men, and I believe Sell was the other. When we got to the field leading to the Green Dragon, which goes to Stepney causeway. I looked back when I was about the middle of the field, and observed the two men I had seen before in the church-yard, following us. They said it was a fine night. or some such thing, and passed us. They passed on to the pails, from whence they might see to Stepney causeway, then they turned short about, and one of them clapped a pistol to my breast, the other went to my husband; I believe it was Sell that put the pistol to my breast, but I am not certain as to him. I am sure Harrison is the person that took my husband's watch and money; Harrison came up to me after he had robbed my husband; my husband gave an account of the robbery at the next public house, and described the persons of the men that robbed him. I heard of their being taken on Monday night, but I did not see them till Tuesday, when they were before the justice; I knew Harrison immediately, for I kept my eyes upon him all the time.
Q. What was the time of night?
Bolton. I heard the watchman cry the hour nine as we got to the field: I suppose it was about a quarter after that when my husband was robbed.
George Forrester . The prosecutor informed me he had been robbed, and he described the men that robbed him; that they had both brown cloaths with white buttons, and riding hats, and that one had brownish hair. * I went to the Gun in Caple-street the same night, I saw the two prisoners there, I suspected them. I sent to the prosecutor, he came; I did not point out who I suspected, there were a great many people in the room, and he instantly pitched upon the prisoners.
* The prisoners answered that description.
For the Prisoner.
John Davies . I was in company with the prisoner Harrison, on Sunday night the 7th of May. My master, Jones and I called upon Harrison at his lodgings, No. 45, Capel-street, at seven o'clock, and then went with Sell to to the Gun and Holly Bush ; we staid drinking there till a quarter after nine, and as we came out of the house we saw Harrison go by, he told us he was going to his mother.
Q. How far is that from the place where the robbery was committed?
Oakes. About half a mile or three quarters of a mile.
I was in company with Davis and Jones that night till a quarter past nine o'clock. I walked with them to the corner of Prescot street and there we parted, and I went home directly.
Diana Solomon . The prisoner Sell, lodged with my mother, in Ship Yard, in the Minories. He came home that night at about twenty five minutes past nine; I staid an hour with him; and then he went to bed.
Sell called five other witnesses, who gave him a good character.
Harrison Guilty , Death .
Sell, Acquitted .
The copy of the record of his conviction was read in court, which litterally corresponded with the indictment.
Mr. Mathews. I am the keeper of the Surry Goal. I was present at the trial of the prisoner, for the robbery of Mr. Weaver: I am positive he is the man.
Lawrence Welch . I am a publican in Long Lane, Surry. I have known the prisoner two or three years; I knew him, when he was in goal. On Easter Sunday I saw him at large, in Long Lane. I pursued, and took him in Five-foot Lane, on a charge of breaking open a house.
I leave it to my counsel.
He called no witness.
Guilty , Death .
395. (2d M) JOHN COLCRAFT was indicted for, that he, in the king's high way, on Susannah, the wife of Henry Spicer , did make an assault, putting her in corporal fear and danger of her life, and stealing from her person a black sattin cloak, value twenty shillings, the property of she said Henry , May 8 . ||
Susannah Spicer . My husband is a minature painter , in Panton Street. As I was returning home on the 8th of May, at half past ten at night, from Grig Street, when I came to Panton Street , the prisoner laid hold of my arm, he fixed me up against a gentleman's door and seized me by the throat; he never spoke a word, but broke the string of my cloak, and ran away with it. I cried out, stop thief, upon which he came back again, and struck me three violent blows on the head; he called me bitch, and d - d me, and made use of a deal of ill language. After I recovered the blows, I still kept calling thief, thief; in consequence of which, Mr. Robson took him in Coventry Street, and brought him to me: that was in about ten minutes. I came to the bottom of Oxendon Street, and they immediately told me, the thief was taken. It was a bright moon-light night. I am sure the prisoner is the man: I did not see any body else going by: the street is a public street.
The cloak was produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutrix.
Joseph Robson , I am a wine merchant, in Coventry Street. I heard a cry of, stop thief, about half after ten at night, on the eight of May. I saw two men running up Oxendon Street from Panton Street. Seeing the prisoner, I crossed the road to lay hold of him. The two men were at some distance; the other
John Atkinson . I am a watchman. I was going upon duty on the 8th of May about a quarter after ten at night, I saw the prisoner in custody going to the watch-house; I went to the watch-house and demanded the cloak from him; he said he would not give it up, it was his property: it was buttoned in his coat, I was obliged to have a scuffle with him, and threw him down on his back to get it from him. I did not see any thing of the transaction before.
"The prisoner in his defence said, that he
"was coming home in liquor, that the prosecutrix
"claped him on the shoulder, that she
"threw her cloak at him and then called four
"fellows who were her bullies, who knocked
"him down and left him in a gore of blood."
He called two witnesses who gave him a good character.
The prosecutrix desired to recommend him to majesty's mercy .
Guilty Death .
William Robins . On the 29th of April I was at Bear-Key , I felt a motion at my pocket, I turned round and laid hold of the prisoner and found my handkerchief under his arm. I had it a few minutes before: (the handkerchief was produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutor.)
I was in liquor, I believe I found the handkerchief.
399. (L.) EDWARD HITCHCOCK was indicted for stealing a piece of printed cotton cloth, containing seven yards, value twenty-eight shillings, and three yards of linen cloth. value three shillings , the property of John Pitt , May 6th ++.
The witnesses were examined apart at the request of the prisoner.
John Pitt . On Saturday the 6th of last month my apprentice went up stairs, he called out to me and said there was a thief above; I bid him come down and fasten the door, then we went up and found the prisoner concealed in a necessary we have up three pair of stairs, we found the printed cotton which was for a gown for my wife, three yards of cloth and a scarlet cloak, packed up in a bundle in the three pair of stairs room.
John Short . I am an apprentice to the prosecutor. On the 6th of last month I was going up into the garret, just as I got to the third pair of stairs, I saw both the sore room and back room door open, they are always kept locked, that gave me a suspicion, I went into the fore-room and saw the printed cotton and the linen cloth and scarlet cloak on the ground in a black silk handkerchief; I was turning to come down, and saw the prisoner up the other pair of stairs in the necessary, I called to my master and said there was a thief in the house, then I went down stairs and fastened the door, and then we went up and took him; he was come down to the two pair of stairs, we sent for a constable who secured him and found a cannister with some tinder in it, and a flint upon him.
Daniel Ward the constable produced the things.
Mrs. Pitt. I am the wife of the prosecutor, my things were in the bottom drawer, I locked the room door, the key of the drawers was in the drawer, I was not at home when the things were taken away.
The prisoner in his defence said he went into the house to enquire for a person who he was informed lived there.
Guilty T .
Elizabeth Simpson . I keep a boarding-school at Camberwell ; the linen mentioned in the indictment was lost out of my house, I missed it on the 6th of May about four in the afternoon; it was found by a constable in London.
(The things were produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutrix.)
Thomas Pentlow . I am a watchman. On the 9th of May the prisoner and three other persons were making a disturbance at a publick house door, I laid hold of the prisoner, he had a bag of things which I took from him and delivered to the constable.
I found the bag and the things in it in Rosemary-Lane.
Guilty T .
401. (M.) THOMAS GREENWOOD was indicted for breaking and entering the dwelling-house of Bartholomew Bouigue on the 27th of May, between the hours of ten and eleven in the night, and stealing one strip'd sattin sack and coat, with a moroon ground, value five pounds five shillings; a black silk sack and cloak, value five pounds five shillings; a strip'd sattin brocade gown, value three pound three shillings; one pink and white striped sattin gown, value forty-two shillings; a blue and white sattin gown, value twenty-one shillings; a new white sarcenet cloak, value twenty-one shillings; a bed-quilt, value one shilling; a gold garnet stone ring, set in gold, value two shillings and six-pence; one pair of garnet earrings, set in metal, value two shillings and six-pence; a pair of paste ear rings, set in metal, value one shilling; a garnet-stone earring, set in silver, value two-pence; a white stone ear-ring, set in metal, value one penny; two guineas, two silver fourpenies, and one silver threepence, the property of the said Bartholomew, in his dwelling-house .
Mrs. Mary Bouigue . I am the wife of the prosecutor. I live in Whitecross-street , next door to an house that is uninhabited, but was formerly a publick house. On Saturday the 27th of May , about half after ten o'clock, I and my maid were going up stairs, she perceived my chamber-door open, and asked me if I had been up and left my drawers open; I said no, I had not that evening; I looked up, and I missed two or three of my drawers that were drawn out; I immediately went down stairs, and cried, thieves, thieves in the house! and desired the maid to come down as quick as possible after me. As soon as I reached the bottom of the stairs, my husband met me, and enquired for the journeyman; I informed him he was out, and desired the apprentice to go to the neighbours and get assistance, for we were sure thieves were in the house: he went for that purpose, but not returning so soon as expected, I desired my husband to go after him; I stood upon the step of the street door; my husband had not been gone many minutes before I perceived a man upon the step of the empty-house; he stepped from the step of the door into the highway; this house stood upon my right hand; the man had a bundle under his right arm, and I supposing him to be a thief, cried out, thief, step thief; he, upon this, clapped his left hand behind him, and fired a pistol towards our house, and immediately dropped the bundle, and ran away. He was pursued and taken in about five minutes. The next time I saw him was on Tuesday, before Sir John Fielding , I wold not then, and now I cannot positively swear to his person. As to his stature, he was about the size of the prisoner, he had on a light-coloured coat, but I did not
Bartholomew Bouigue . Upon the 27th of May, between ten and eleven, as my spouse came down, I heard her cry out, thieves upon the staircase; and when I heard my journeyman was out I sent my apprentice for the assistance of the neighbours: I fastened the back door below, lost the man should come out and escape that way. I found my apprentice gone a long while; my spouse sent me to look for him; she stood upon the step of the door, as I came out; I saw a man come out of the next house with a bundle under his left arm; I then heard my wife cry out, thieves, thieves: I saw the man turn round, in the cart-way, and he fired a pistol, I believe with his left hand, and dropped a bundle; I was not above ten yards from the man; my wife and I stood together at the door; the pistol was directed that way. I took up the bundle, pursued the man, and cried out for assistance; I was constantly within two or three yards of the prisoner, and I did not lose sight of him while I threw the bundle in the house, nor till I came to White-Cross Street; but, presently heard he was taken, in Old Street, fourteen or fifteen yards from the top of the street. I think the prisoner is the man, by his cloaths, and by his stature. What became of the pistol I do not know. The top of the street may be a hundred yards, or a little more from my house: he was taken about that distance from my house. I examined the place, but I know nothing of the condition of the garret, I saw that a pane of glass was broke there; I judge they came in at the garret window.
John James Brayfield . Upon the 27th of May, upon Saturday, about half past ten, about thirty yards from the prosecutor's house, I heard a cry of, stop thief. I went directly into the middle of the way, and saw the prisoner running from the prosecutor's house. As he passed, I crossed upon him: he said, do not stop me: that gave me a suspicion that he was the guilty person. I run after him about fifty yards; then he turned round and stood with his arm out, and bid me stand off; I did not perceive any thing in his hand; then I ran up up to him and clasped him in my arms round the waist, had him about a minute and a half in custody before any assistance came; then Parker the butcher came up to my assistance, and I took hold of his left hand: the prisoner said, do not use me ill - I am a dead man. I laid hold of his collar, and Parker laid hold of the other side of him: we led him to the constable at the watch-house, and there delivered him up. It was about fourteen or fifteen yards from the end of White-Cross street, in Old Street, where I took him. I felt the outside of his pocket, but I found no pistol; he dropped something, I could not quit him to take it up. It was about half past ten, and the first sight I had of him was in White-Cross Street.
Francis Parker . I am a butcher in White-Cross Street. I came up to the assistance of the last witness; I heard a pistol go off as I stood in my shop. As I came to the door, I heard the cry of, stop thief; I run after the people that were running, but I got before them all, and found the last witness holding the prisoner round his waist. I took notice of the place where the prisoner was stopped, and saw several things picked up in the middle of the road opposite the Goat Ale-house. I helped to lead him to the watch-house.
The things were produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutrix.
Sarah Remington . I saw Mrs. Bouigue at at her door about half past ten o'clock. I saw the prisoner step from the threshold of the door of the next house. Mrs. Bouigue cried, stop thief; and the prisoner slipped a bundle down, then I turned to look at him, and at that instant he let off the pistol, and then run up the street; a great many people followed him. This was on Saturday. I saw him the Monday
Margaret Griffith . About half after ten, or near eleven, I was going out, and ten yards from Mr. Bouigue's door, I heard a pistol go off; the person that fired it was a short man, dressed in light coloured cloaths. I did not see his face.
Thomas Chapman . I heard a pistol go off: I had seen the prisoner, and took notice of him in the morning. I saw the prisoner that night endeavouring to escape, and Mr. Bouigue pursuing him; Mr. Bouigue was about six or eight yards behind the prisoner: and I can swear to his person. Bouigue ran after him in White-Cross Street, there were other people followed him; but Bouigue was nearest the prisoner. I went with Rogers and Parker to the place where these things had been picked up; I saw them picked up, and delivered to Mr. Rogers. I found some picklock keys, which were in the highway.
Question to the prosecutrix. Whether your drawers were locked?
Mrs. Bouigue. There were twelve drawers in the room, eleven of them were locked; I found them all open.
James Griffin . I am journeyman to the prosecutors, and lay in the garret. At five in the afternoon of the Saturday, the garret window was shut, and the glass was whole; the: next morning, the pane of glass above the fastening of the window was broke so as to admit of a man's hand, but the window was shut.
I was in liquor; I saw a man drop a bundle and went a few paces from it and fired a pistol. I pursued the man; the man might possibly turn down some turning unperceived by me, as I was in liquor. I ran on, not knowing which way to run, as the man had slipped my fight. I had not run far, before a man clasped me round; I said, do not hold me, I am not the man, the man is gone. I was conveyed to the watch-house.
Guilty , Death .
402. 403. 404. (2d M) PETER HIGGS , CHARLES WHITTLE , and WILLIAM BARKER , were indicted, for that they, in the king's highway, in and upon William Wallington did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing from his person a metal watch, value forty two shillings, two guineas, and three shillings in money, numbered, the property of the said William , May 6 . ||
William Watlington . I am a hosier , I live at Hommerton, and keep a shop in Broad-street. On the 6th of May, between eight and nine at night, as I was going home, just, beyond the Goldsmith's Alms-houses , in the first field going to Hackney, I overtook a poor woman with a bundle under her arm; just as I passed her, I saw four men coming towards me, I endeavoured to pass on the outside of them, but they would not suffer me, but stopped me: one of them pulled a pistol out of his breast, and said, I was a dead man if I did not deliver. I believe, Whittle was the man who pulled the pistol out of his breast; and I believe Barker was the man who received the money: as to Higgs, I have no remembrance: of his person at all; but one of the four, I remember very well, had a striped waistcoat, which Higgs had on when he was carried to the justice's. Upon my giving them the silver that I had in my pocket, they d - d me, and asked me, what I meant by giving them a few shillings, and swore that I had more money, and more they would have; upon which I gave them two guineas; still they wanted more: I said, I had no more, upon which they said, they must have my watch. I said, it was but a metal watch, and would be of very little value and of no use to them: but they insisted upon having it, and they took it from me: they then bid me go on and not look back; if I did, they would blow my brains out. The
Q. What sort of a night was it?
Watlington. The moon was hardly up, and it was still daylight; it was a public path that I was walking along, and you may see a good way along it, there were passengers both before and behind, and some of them were in that very field; but I believe they were not near enough to see. The next day, at justice Wilmot's, I swore to Whittle and Barker. Whittle said, at the justice's, that he was not guilty, but he knew who was, and told me what I was robbed of within a shilling, and that the watch was sold for half a guinea; that he had the information from one Mich and three others, that came to the sign of the Dog, in Shoreditch; who said, they had robbed a gentleman in Hackney Fields. This was on the Monday, the day but one after the robbery. I verify believe the prisoners to be the men.
Mary Fowle . I live at Hackney, I take in washing. On the 6th of May, I saw four young men in a field beyond the Goldsmith's Alms houses; one had a striped waistcoat, who I believe, to be the prisoner Higgs: but as to Barker, I am not positive; as to Whittle, I am very positive he was one, and I was positive to him when I first saw him. Mr. Watlington was coming along the field. I heard them say to him, he must deliver his money, or he was a dead man. I saw Whittle pull out a pistol, and when I saw this, I was as near as I am to your lordship. Being frightened, I walked off directly, as soon as I saw the pistol. I saw nobody else till I got to the Cat and Shoulder of Mutton, two fields off, this field was a large field, and day light was not shut in.
I was at home at the time when this robbery was committed; I lay upon my bed till a little after nine o'clock; then my mother called me. I went to an ale-house, where I staid till eleven or twelve at night.
Elizabeth Atkinson . He is a very honest man, and with regard to this particular day, I know he was at home from seven o'clock till nine at night, he lives in the house I do, I live up two pair of stairs, it was last Saturday three weeks, he lay upon the bed till his mother came and called him down, and then went to the ale-house and staid there till twelve at night, when they came home.
Q. What Saturday was it?
- Barker. Next Saturday will be a month, he left me about seven at night, I saw him again about ten, at the Crown in Kingsland-Road, his mother came there and fetched him home, and he came back and went to bed at twelve o'clock.
It was hard to suppose I should commit a robbery, as I had no coat on.
'I know nothing of it.
Question from the Jury to the Prosecutor.
Whether you did not express some doubts as to the identity of the men.
- Watlington. Your lordship asked me if I swore positively to them; I told you, no, I could not; to my belief they were the very same people.
Court. But as to one, you expressly said, you could not speak to him in the stripped waistcoat.
Higgs Acquitted .
Whittle, Guilty Death .
405. (2d. M.) FRANCIS THOMPSON , was indicted for that he in the King's highway, in and upon Andrew Anderson , did make an assault, puting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing from his person a quarter
406. (2d M.) JAMES SHARPLEY was indicted for breaking and entering the dwelling house of Thomas Westwood , on the 25th of May, about the hour of seven in the evening, (no person being therein,) and stealing a Cloth Coat, value ten shillings and six-pence and a Cloth Waistcoat, value two shillings and six-pence, the property of Thomas Westwood in the dwelling house of the said Thomas ||
Thomas Westwood . I am a Smith in Catherine Wheele-alley ; on Thursday the 25th of May , about seven in the evening, when I was at work in my shop, a little way off my son, came to me, and asked if I had sent any body for my Cloaths; I told him I had not then said he, our house must have been broke open; upon which I ran home and so it was, when I came into the house I found this Gimblet (producing it) which fastened down the sash of the lower room window on the floor, and the window shut down; when I went out, I fastened down the window and left nobody in the house, I have a wife and four children but all were out; I went up stairs, I found my trunk had been broke open, the lock was wrenched off and this poker. (producing it) bent lay by it; I left a coat and waistcoat in the trunk when I went out, they were missing. When I took the prisoner, he told me where the cloaths were in pawn my little boy directed me to the prisoner; he said he went to school with him in wentworth street, I took him at a lodging house. When I took him he said; don't take me to the Cage and I will tell you where I have pawned them; which was in Brick Lane, I went there and found them.
John Grant , I am a pawn-broker, about eight o'clock on the 25th of May, this waistcoat (producing it) was brought to my house, I believe by the prisoner, but am not sure for I never saw him before nor since.
Prosecutor. It is my waistcoat.
The prisoner in his defence called two witnesses who gave him a very good character.
Not guilty of breaking and entering the dwelling house but guilty of stealing the goods . T
William Harris . I live in Aldersgate-street , I am a publican ; I lost a copper tea-kettle on the 30th of April; the prisoner came in for a penny worth of beer, when she was gone I miss'd the kettle, she was taken the same afternoon with the kettle upon her.
The tea-kettle was produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutor.
I do not remember that I did what the witnesses charge me with.
I am thirteen years old; my friends are not here.
411. (2d M) JOSEPH SCOTT was indicted, for that he in the king's highway, in and upon William Carter , did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing from his person nine copper half-pence, and seven shillings in money numbered, the property of the said William . +
William Carter . On the 6th of May , in the night a little after twelve o'clock, coming from a pay-table, I met the prisoner and another man in Parker's lane , which goes out of Little Queen-street into Drury-lane. The prisoner asked me where I was going, I said, to my quarters. I lived a little above where I was stopped in Parker's lane; he laid hold of me, and said, d - n your eyes, give me your money; I told him I would not; he then with a knife cut me across the eyes, and the other man who was behind him, said, d - n your eyes, go it; then he cut me again, and put his hand in my right hand waistcoat pocket, and took out all the money I had, which was seven shillings and fourpence halfpenny. I laid hold of him, but the other man with a truncheon struck me behind the head, that I was obliged to let him go. I got home as well as I could, all in a gore of blood; my landlord and landlady were up all night with me endeavouring to stop the blood but could not. In the morning I saw the prisoner go by; I told my landlord that was one of them that had robbed me. He and the constable pursued him, but lost sight of him, and did not take him till three is the afternoon. I saw him next day before justice Welch, in Litchfield-street, then he was examined and committed.
George Antrobus . I am a staymaker in Parker's lane; the prosecutor lives with me. On the 6th of May, a little after twelve at night, he came home all in a gore of blood; he could hardly come in, he repeated the circumstances of the robbery as he has done now. We could not stop the blood till a surgeon was sent for next morning. He said the man that robbed him was a short thick man with brown cloaths, and brown hair, upon which I suspected the prisoner, who I knew before by his using a public house just by with bad people, and going backwards and forwards. The next morning between nine and ten o'clock I saw the prisonerin the street with some other men; they appeared to be in liquor; I bid the prosecutor look at them, and see if either of them were the men that robbed him; he pointed out the prisoner, and said, that is the man in brown cloaths, I will swear to him. I heard the prisoner say they were going to the Turk's head, in Dyot-street; I sent for Wood the constable, and we went after them to the Turk's head, and many other publick houses but could not find them. I watched, thinking they would return, till about half after two o'clock; then the prisoner came to a publick house about six doors from my house; I sent for Wood, and we took him, and carried him to the round house. The next day he was taken before justice Welsh, there he said, he never saw the prosecutor before in his life.
Q. To the Prosecutor. What sort of a night was it?
Carter. A moon light night, and there were two lamps just by; it was light enough to distinguish the man: I know the prisoner is the man by his hair, his cloaths and his visage; he was dressed in the same cloaths he is now, his hair hung as it does now, unless it has been cut shorter.
I had been that evening to the Adam and Eve in Tottenham-Court-Road, I came back
For the Prisoner.
David Clark . On Saturday night the 6th of May I was drinking with the prisoner at the Red-Lyon, Cross-Lane, Long-Acre till eleven o'clock; after we had parted, I recollected I had something to say to him, I went in search of him to the Cheshire Cheese, Parker's-Lane; the prisoner and another person that was with him when I parted with him, talked of having a pot of beer, and I knew the Cheshire-Cheese was a house the prisoner used: I met the prisoner coming out of the Cheshire-Cheese with a young woman, then it wanted about a quarter of 12 o'clock; I walked with them to Nag's-head court, Drury-lane, there they went into a house and I parted with them.
Prosecutor. Clarke. came to me while he was in prison and offered me ten or twelve guineas to make it up, and said, if I would not he would bring people to swear what he thought proper: this was about a fortnight ago, and they have been with me several times since, but I would accept of no premium at all.
Clarke. I went to the prosecutor to ask him to make it up, but offered no money at all.
Guilty , Death .
412. 413. (2d M) EDWARD JONES otherwise REVELL , and JOHN HAWKINS , were indicted for breaking and entering into the dwelling-house of Charles Fitzroy Scudamore , Esq ; on the 4th of March, about the hour of two in the morning, and stealing four silver candlesticks, value fifteen pounds, nineteen silver tea-spoons, value twenty-five shillings, a large silver coffee-pot, value fifteen pounds, ten silver salts, value fifteen pounds, ten silver salt shovels, value ten shillings, six silver-casters, value six pounds, a silver cruet frame, value five pounds, a silver marrow spoon, value twelve shillings, eight silver sauce-boats, value twenty pounds, a silver snuffer stand, value three pounds, a pair of silver snuffers, value thirty shillings, four large silver dishes with scollopped edges, value twenty pounds, a silver salver gilt with gold, value three pounds, four large silver waiters, value twenty pounds, a silver punch ladle with a wooden handle, value ten shillings, three silver mustard spoons, value three shillings, six silver bottle labels and chains, value three pounds, a silver porringer, value forty shillings, a half pint silver mug, value, fifty shillings, two pair of silver sugar tongs, value, thirty shillings, forty-three large silver table spoons, value thirty pounds, two silver cruet tops, value five shillings, twelve wrought French silver plate tea-spoons, value six shillings, forty-eight silver handle knives, value twelve pounds, twenty-four large silver handle forks, value six pounds, eleven large silver pronged forks, value ten pounds, eleven desert silver pronged forks, value ten pounds, a cloth great coat, value forty shillings, and one man's hat lac'd with silver, value, twenty shillings, the property of the said Charles in his dwelling-house .
Francis Gaines . I am butler to colonel Fitzroy, on the night of the 4th of March , I went to bed about one o'clock, I was the last person up in the house; I secured the house before I went to bed, I saw every thing fast; Thomas Doley , the footman called me up in the morning about six o'clock, when I went down, I found the doors open and the area iron gate open, the lock was picked, whoever got in must have gone down the steps and got over the door, the glass over the door was taken out large enough for any body to get in, it was unboulted in the inside; at a little distance from this is another door, I found a hole cut in the pannel of that door, large enough for a hand the undo the bar and lock in the inside, then they went into the larder and between that and the place where the plate was kept, there was a glass door, they cut the glass out with a knife, and left the knife in the pantry, they unscrewed the lock of the pantry door and took it off, when I got in I found the cupboards in the pantry all unlocked and open, and the plate mentioned in the indictment (repeating the several pieces) all gone,
Thomas Doley . I am a footman to colonel Fitroy; on Saturday the 4th of March, the family went to bed about one o'clock, I rose between six and seven in the morning expecting to go into the pantry, I had the key in my hand; I went to the door and found it open; the larder window, which was a leaden casement was cut out and I found the cupboard belonging to it quite open, the knife cases also were open and I missed the chests of plate; I went immediately up stairs again to Mr. Gaines, the steward, and Gaines and I came down together, and when he came down and found the plate missing, he observed one of the chests was left in the coal-hole broke, the plate however was taken out, the iron area gate is never open, not even in the day time, it is always kept shut, the lock was picked; I never saw Jones before; I have seen Ridout who is one of the accomplices; I saw Jones before his examination in Litchfield Street, he was conversing with Hopkins, who was there, Hopkins said to Jones
"Do you like pork?" "yes," said he,
"and pease pudding too, and he hoped they
"should soon get some as good as that they
"found at Fitroy's" a woman in company upon this said to Jones, where did you get that good living; he said he got that at colonel Fitzroy's, in Albemarle-street, Jones came to me and asked me where my master's taylor lived, I said, what is that to you, he said my master's taylor had used his coat ill, and he would bring his bill against him for it. On the night of the robbery, there was a leg of pork and pease pudding in his house, when I came down in the morning, there was a cloth laid and knives and forks, pepper and vinegar and a great deal eat.
"On his cross examination, he said, that the
"first time he saw Jones, was when he was
"in custody for this robbery, in a public
"room, in an alehouse, in Litchfield-street,
"that all the company knew he was colonel
"Fitzroy's servant, that they d - d his squinting
"eyes, and said, that whenever they were
"clear, they would do for him, that the
"conversation was loud enough for every
"body to hear in the room, that no mention
"was made of pork and pease pudding, till
"they mentioned it; that the men servants
"lay in one garret, and the maids in the
"other garret, level with them, but the butler
"lay up one pair of stairs level with colonel
"Fitzroy, that the door of the back staircase
"was shut in the morning by a latch,
"that it was twilight."
Edward Rucksby . I was present at the public house. When they were in custody Jones came up to me and Doley asked, who was Mr. Fitzroy's taylor. Doley asked, what was it to him. He said, d - n him, he had ripped his coat open, and he would bring his bill for it against Mr. Fitzroy. After that, one Hopkins asked Jones, if he loved pork. He said, aye and pease pudding, by G - d, I hope we shall have some more of it by and by. A young woman asked him, where that entertainment was? He said, at Fitzroy's: this passed in the public room.
On his cross examination, he said, the great coat was taken on the prisoner's back, that it was taken off on suspicion of it's being Doley's: that the taylor ripped it up to look at the lining, to see whether it was Mr. Fitzroy's servant's or no.
Henry Ridout . I am an acquaintance of Jones and Hawkins, I was acquainted with one Benjamin Cooper who was a servant to Colonel Fitzroy , I have been in Mr. Fitzroy's house several times, I used to assist cooper, and helped to clean the plate, I knew the ways of the house very well being frequently backwards and forwards in it, I have seen Jones at the king's arms in crompton street soho, once when prisoner Jones was there, he asked me about Mr. Fitzroy's house, this was 2 or 3 days after Cooper had called on me there it was about a fortnight before this happened, he asked me whether he had a great deal of plate, and he asked me if he could come, I answered without doubt you may, and upon that he said within a week it should be done, he said I was to have a share in the Wack, which is a cant word for part of the money, I told him where the house was and where
On his Cross Examination.
"He said, that there was no particular
"friendship between him and Jones; that he
"had indeed sometimes drank with him out of
"civility: that this conversation passed in the
"room, where other people were; but that it
"was not spoken out, that they might not
"know any thing of it: that he knew nothing
"about this robbery having been committed,
"but from what he saw in the news paper!
"that immediately upon seeing it, he went to
"house, and the manner of getting into
"it, and where the plate was, inadvertently,
"without any intention for him to commit
"the robbery: that he had heard there was a
"reward offered, but did not know what:
"that he knows there generally is a reward
"for convicting a house-breaker: that he was
"the person that was first taken up on suspicion:
"that Cooper was discharged from
Sampson Wesselly. I am a dealer in old cloaths. I met Jones the Wednesday before the robbery in Oxford Street. Jones asked me to give him a pot of beer; and said, it would be a good deal in my way. We went into the Bear and Drummer, Oxford Street: there he asked me, if I would accept of some plate, which he would got on Saturday night. I made answer, why do you bring it to me, why don't you carry it to the men to whom you used to sell it? Upon which, Jones answered, they gave him no price. Hawkins at that time was with him, I asked Jones, who Hawkins was. He said, he was one of his partners. Hawkins told me, that he sold fifteen watches for nine guineas, to Isaac Volaire ; and asked me, if I would give a better price. I said, I was not sure they would get it; I told them, I would call the landlord and give them a direction where I lived. The landlord came, and wrote the direction and gave it them, that they might call at my house, when they got the plate: my direction was at a fruit shop in Duke's Court, Whitechapel. Jones shewed me where he lived, at number 4, in some court, the name of which I don't recollect. I came on the Monday after, into that court, and began calling old cloaths; upon which Jones came out, and said, he had a great coat and hat to sell. I said, you have had a good pull, a good hawl; upon which Jones first denied it; and then Hawkins came, and theyboth told me, it was worth their while; that they had got as much silver as they could carry; and they said, they had sold it to Isaac Volaire , for four shillings an ounce. Upon my asking, why they did not bring it to me; they told me, that their reason for not doing it, was, I I lived in so public a place, they could not bring it to me. They asked me afterwards, if I would buy a great coat that they had with the things. I told them I would not buy such things, after such a robbery, I would not be concerned with it. They said, they had some meat in the house.
On his Cross Examination.
"He said, the first time he saw Jones, was
"on Wednesday, the first of March, as he believed;
"with Jones; that he had bought a pair of
"breeches of him; that he confined his business
"to dealing in wearing apparel, and
"never had bought any watches of him."
William Ferner . I am a publican, at No. 6, in Mortimer Street, the Bear and Drummer. I have seen Wesselly, and to the best of my knowledge, the two prisoners, two or three months ago: I am not positive to them; but I have seen Wesselly in the back room, and two or three men in company with him; One of the company asked me to write his direction. I don't recollect which it was; but I recollect it was to Duke's Place; and there were three in company, but I cannot swear to them.
Dennis Mc . Daniel. I am a barber in St. Giles's, I searched Jones's lodgings in John's-Street, Clerkenwell, some time after the robbery. I know it was Jones's lodgings, because when I came there I saw his wife, and Jones directed me to the house at the time he was in custody. (He produced a parcel of picklocks and screws in court, which he found in Jones's drawers among his cloaths.)
Richard Barnard . I went to apprehend Jones at the beginning of March at twelve at night in Ruport-street; he knew what we were come for, felt in his pocket for a knife, swore he would not be taken, and made some resistance; after he was taken he had some conversation with Hopkins about eating of pudding; he said he had plenty of it, he would have more soon, that it was at Mr. Fitzroy's; I had never seen Hawkins before, I know nothing at all of him.
I am quite innocent; this fellow was to be prosecuted himself, and so he thought proper to lay it on me.
I work hard for my living, I know nothing of it.
Hawkins called four witnesses who gave him a good character.
Jones, Guilty ; Death .
Hawkins, Acquitted .
414, 415. (M) JOHN FARREL and JOHN DIXON were indicted, for that they in the king's highway, on Sarah the wife of Hugh Hindley , did make an assault, putting her in corporal fear and danger of her life, and stealing from her person a pair of garnet-stone earrings, set in gold, value five shillings; a dollar, value four shillings and sixpence, and eight halfpence, the property of the said Hugh , March 10th . ++
Both acquitted .
Both acquitted .
Sarah Davies . I am servant to Mr. Flower. On the 23d of May, the prisoner came to see me while the family were at dinner; I brought down the things, and the prisoner dined with me. I put the things away, and put the pepper-box on the shelf, and the spoon in a dresser drawer. I had leave of my mistress to go to the play that night; while I was gone, my mistress missed the pepper-box, and the next day she asked where it was; then I missed it. It was found upon the prisoner by Mr. Jealous.
Charles Jealous . I am a constable. I was sent for upon the 23d of May, to Mr. Flower's, in St. Martin's lane, there I found the prisoner in custody; they stopped her as she was going by. I took her to the Brown Bear in Bow-Street, and found the pepper-box under her cloak. She told me she had sold the spoon to a Jew, that has not been found. She confessed it freely.
The pepper-box was produced in court, and deposed to by Davies.
Mrs. Flower said, if I would confess she would forgive me.
WILLIAM HOWARD was indicted for stealing a mare, value ten pounds , the property of Thomas Wright , May 19th ++.
Thomas Wright . I live at Hackney , I lost a mare in the night between the eighteenth and nineteenth of May last; the mare was in a field, she was put there on the 18th about nine o'clock; Jacob Turner brought the prisoner who was riding on the mare, to my house, to ask if it was my mare; the prisoner said first, he found the mare in Hackney Parish with the bridle on; we charg'd the constable with the boy and went before the justice, he confessed before the justice that he lay in the field all night till three o'Clock in the morning, and then he got up to watch the opportunity to take the mare to Smithfield; I made no promises to him, his confession was voluntary.
Jacob Turner . I deal in Horses, I put my horse up at the Greyhound in Smithfield; the prisoner came and offered me a mare to sell; he asked ten guineas; I asked to ride her; I got upon her and asked him the lowest he would take; he then fell to five guineas and a half; that gave me a suspicion; I took him up before me and rode to Hackney; I met the prosecutor's servant who challenged me with the mare; I said, I wanted the right owner of it, that the prisoner had offered it to sale, and I had agreed for it.
I am only thirteen years of age.
He was recommended by the jury and prosecutor to his majesty's mercy .
Guilty, Death .
421, 422, 423, 424. (M.) CHARLES WHITTLE , THOMAS BURDETT , CHARLES BURGIN, otherwise REAGIN , and GEORGE MILLER , were indicted for breaking and entering the dwelling-house of Mary Auber , widow, on the 6th of May , about the hour of two in the night, and stealing a silver table spoon, value eight shillings, a silver teaspoon, value one shilling, the property of Mary Auber ; a woman's cloak, value two shillings, a check apron, value one shilling and a linen handkerchief, value six-pence, the property of Mary Poole , spinster, in the dwelling house of the said Mary Auber ++.
Mrs. Auber. I was the last in my house that went to bed upon Saturday night about eleven o'clock; I am very careful in examining my doors and windows when I go to bed; I left every thing very safe, particularly in the kitchen; I was told by my maid servant after seven in the morning that my house had been broke open; I observ'd the bolt and the thing it shuts into wrench'd off; a silver table-spoon and silver tea-spoon that I had laid upon the cupboard in the kitchen were taken away.
Mary Poole . My mistress is very careful to look at the fastenings of a night; I did not look at them myself; I got up first in the morning about half after seven, I observed the windows open; I found the bolt had been wrenched. There was a check apron, a cloth cloak, and some linen handkerchiefs of mine taken away, which I am positive were in the house the night before they were missing.
Richard Marmoy . I was drinking in a public house about two in the morning; some, people, Miller was one of them, came to the place, and knocked two or three-times, at last, I went out, pursued Miller, and took him. I found a bag upon him; he told different stories about it. First, he said he was carrying it for his mother; then, he said he found it in Hackney-fields; but at last he left
Burdett acquitted .
Miller guilty , Death .
Acquitted . ++
427, 428, 429, 430, 431, 432, 433. (2d M) BARNARD LEVY , HANNAH the wife of BARNARD LEVY , MAGNUS LEVY , JUDITH the wife of MAGNUS LEVY , ABRAHAM START , HANNAH the wife of ABRAHAM START , and REBECCA MOSES, otherwise SOLOMON , spinster, were indicted for stealing a silk gown and coat, shot with silver, value twelve pounds; another silk gown and apron, value ten pounds; a sattin gown and coat, value ten pounds; another silk gown and coat, value eight pounds; another sattin gown and coat, value five pounds; another silk gown, value four pounds; another silk gown and coat, value ten pounds; another silk gown, value four pounds; a flowered silk gown and coat, value eight pounds; a checked silk gown, value five pounds; another silk gown and coat, value seven pounds; and a silk petticoat, value forty shillings ; the property of Elizabeth Jackson , widow, March 3d . ++
All seven acquitted .
William Woodrow . I am a piece broker . I missed this cloth out of my shop; I was informed a woman had taken it, and the prisoner was pointed out to me; I pursued her, and took her in a shop offering it to sale.
I acknowledge I took it, but he promised to forgive me.
Guilty . B .
435, 436. (2d M) ANN ANDERSON and ANN LEE, otherwise LEVY , were indicted for stealing three linen shirts, value four shillings; five linen shifts, value eight shillinggs; and five silver tea-spoons, value seven shillings ; the property of Richard Blackman , April 28th . ++
Mary Blackman . I had put my linen out to dry; I missed it, and went to a neighbour, who directed me to pursue the prisoners, which I did, and found a shift upon each of their backs. I am positive they are mine.
Both guilty .
437. (2d M) THOMAS TELESS, otherwise TILLY, otherwise CAMBELL, otherwise GEORGE BENSON , was indicted for stealing a gold watch, value nine pounds; and a gold watch-chain, value three pounds; the property of Edmund Bengough , in his dwelling house , May 13th . ++
Edmund Bengough . I am a surgeon in the Broad Sanctuary, Westminster . I was out of town upon the 13th of May; when I came home in the evening, I was told a person had been at my house, and had left a note for me;George Benson , and they suspected that person of stealing a gold watch, which I found again by means of publishing some hand bills; on the Monday afterward with a Mr. Renshaw, pledged for five guineas.
The watch was produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutor.
Q. To the prosecutor. Where do you generally keep your watch?
Prosecutor. In my dining-room; - it was there the day before.
Mrs. Ann Bengough . The 12th of May, about eight or nine in the evening, I left this watch in my buffet, in the dining-room, and about twelve or one in the afternoon: next day a person knocked at the door; the boy let the person in, who asked for his master; and desired to the helped to a pen, ink, and paper, which he had, and his person wrote a line, which my spouse has in his pocket. I found my watch was missing about a quarter after two.
John Lyford . Upon Saturday the 13th of May, about half after one, the prisoner knocked at the door, I let him in; he asked if Dr. Bengough was at home. I told him he was out of town, and desired him to leave his message; he drew back a little, and then said; I should be glad to see him. Can I leave a few lines for him? I said he might. I then thought I knew him, and that he had been an acquaintance of my master; he went into the dining-room, where he sat down and wrote a note. I staid some part of the time while he wrote: I then went and told my mistress a gentleman was enquiring for my master; I told her who I thought it was. She bid me go down again; I went down; he was just finishing the note; he asked for a wafer; there was none in the house; I went to get one, which I brought; he sealed it, and gave it me for my master, to whom he gave his compliments, and should be glad to hear from him as soon as he could.
The chain was produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutor.
I really did not feloniously take it away; I bought the watch and chain of a Jew some months ago; I have sent after him, but I cannot find him; I have some friends that can vouchsafe for my honesty; I gave a note for twelve pounds for it to a person that is gone abroad, I do not know where he lives.
John Blew . I was a baker forty years, but now I am a gentleman; the prisoner has been in our neighbourhood three or four years, he is a lieutenant of a man of war upon half-pay, he bears a very good character for whatever I heard of him.
- Lemage. I am a surgeon I have known the prisoner several years, I always believed him to be an honest man, and much of a gentleman; I have been in company with him many times; if I had had five hundred guineas upon my table I should have left it in his charge, without any suspicion; he is master or lieutenant of a man of war.
Prisoner. I have some certificates, which Sir John Fielding 's men have deprived me of; which nobody can lay any claim to. My watch out of my pocket, my papers are in that book which would certify the stations of life I have been in.
Guilty , Death .
438, 439. (2d. M.) SARAH TAYLOR and ELIZABETH NUTER , were indicted for stealing a watch in a silver case, value forty shillings, and ten shillings in money, numbered, the property of Thomas Hopkins , privately from his person ; May 21 . ++
He produced a girl who deposed that he gave them several shillings for liquor, that they never gave him any change, but did not rob him.
Both guilty of stealing, but not privately from his person .
The prosecutor was called, but not appearing, his recognizance was ordered to be estreated.
441. (2d. M) JOHN FAGAN was indicted for stealing a linen bag, value six-pence, four dozen pair of white cotton stockings, value ten pounds fourteen shillings, another linen bag, value six-pence, and four dozen pair of thread stockings, value nine pounds sixteen shillings , the property of Samuel Needs , May 20 . ++
442. (2d. M) MARY WESSILLS was indicted for stealing a worsted purse, value sixpence, a pair of stone sleeve buttons set in silver, value three shillings, a gold ring set with a purple stone, value five shillings, a mourning gold ring, value ten shillings, a half guinea, and five shillings in money, numbered, the property of Daniel M'Key privately from his person , May 10 . ++
443. (2d. M) JOSEPH BENOIT was indicted for stealing an oval Saxon China snuffbox set in gold, with the figure of a dog in the top, with two brilliant diamonds for the eyes, value twenty pounds, a gold and silver square snuff-box, value seven pounds six shillings, fourteen linen shirts with embroidered muslin ruffles, value twenty two pounds, seven linen shirts, value three pounds thirteen shillings and sixpence, a crimson sattin waistcoat trimmed with silver lace, value six pounds six shillings, thirteen linen handkerchiefs, value thirty shillings, and a pair of silver shoe-buckles, value ten shillings , the property of Giovanni Gallucci , May 3 . ++
The prisoner being a Frenchman, an interpreter was sworn.
Giovanni Gallucci . I lost a snuff-box set in gold with a little dog upon it with two brilliants set for eyes, and the rest of the things mentioned in the indictment, ( repeating them.) I missed them on the 3d of May from a chest of drawers, in which I kept them. I saw the square silver snuff-box three days before; but as to the other things I do not know how long they have been missing: they were locked up, but the key was left upon the drawers. The prisoner was my servant . As soon as I told him I missed my things, he went off. I have recovered nothing but one handkerchief, that I found in the prisoner's possession at Brighthelmstone, a shirt, and a pair of ruffles; I found the ruffles in the prisoner's own portmanteau; in the garret he lay in, after he was gone. At the last examination before the justice, the prisoner confessed he had the two snuff-boxes; but he said, that Mrs. Gallucci gave them to him. I entrusted him and found him honest till this time.
Question from the prisoner. Whether you did not entrust me with all your cloaths?
Gallucci. I had my cloaths in the prisoner's room because I had no room in my own, but it was kept under lock.
Prisoner. There was a shirt and a pair of ruffles found in the portmanteau, which my mistress gave me.
Mrs. Gallucci. I am wife of the prosecutor. I discovered the theft. The first article I missed, was the gold snuff-box. On the prisoner's going off, I looked over my things, and missed all the rest of the things mentioned in the indictment.
My mistress may swear what she pleases: she gave me the things. I have nothing else to say in my defence. I have no witness. I have a good character in my pocket.
Mrs. Gallucci. I did not give them to him; if he had not stolen them, he need not have run off.
Guilty , T .
444. (L.) TIMOTHY MACOY was indicted for ripping, cutting, and breaking forty pounds weight of lead, value four shillings and six-pence, being affixed to two several houses, the property of the mayor, commonality, and citizens of London , with intent to steal ; against the statute, May 4 . ++
445. (L.) JOHN STANLEY was indicted for breaking and entering the dwelling-house of William Jones , on the 16th of March , about the hourof nine in the night, and stealing seventeen linen clouts, value five shillings, and two linen bed gowns, value one shilling, the property of the said William, in his dwelling house . ++
446. (M.) ANN STRATFORD was indicted for stealing a linen sheet, value one shilling, a copper cover, value one shilling, the property of William Nicholson ; a linen shift, value nine-pence, and a scarlet cloak, value eighteen pence, the property of Hannah Weston , spinster, April 29 . ||
448. (M.) CELIA ALLEN was indicted for stealing a pair of linen sheets, value four shillings, the property of Susannah Pratt , widow, being in a ready furnished lodging, let by contract the said Susannah to the said Celia ; against the statute, April 24 . *
449. (M) WILLIAM TOMLIN was indicted for stealing twelve bushels of barley, value thirty-six shillings, and three hempen sacks, value four shillings and six-pence , the property of Thomas Sears , May 21 . ||
450. (M) ELIZABETH, the wife of ALEXANDER NORRIS , was indicted for stealing two quart pewter pots, value two shillings and six-pence, and two pint pewter pots, value one shilling and six-pence , the property of Martha Watson , widow, April 27 . *
Martha Watson . I keep the sign of the Ship, in Duck Lane, Westminster . On the 27th of April, the prisoner was in the tap-room; I was in the parlour. Through a hole in the door, I saw her take a pot, and put it in her pocket. I called Sims, who is a lodger of mine, and we found it upon her. We searched her lodging, and found the other three mentioned in the indictment. She confessed taking a quart pot, and several others, that were melted.
"evidence, and deposed, that he knew the
"prisoner; that she had a bad husband, and
"sick child; that he believed, distress caused
"her to do it: that she had always bore a good
The prisoner said nothing in her defence.
Guilty . W .
MARGARET WILSON , ROSE DALEY , and MARY AVERY , were indicted; the two first, for stealing a silver watch, value three pounds , the property of Thomas Lund : and the other for receiving the above watch, well knowing it to have been stolen , May 2 . ||
Thomas Lund . I am a coachman . On the 2d of May, about twelve at noon, I met with Wilson and Daley, at a public house. We had a pot of beer or two together: we went from there, to one of their lodgings. I lay on the bed and fell a-sleep. When I awaked, I missed my watch; I got up and found the door locked, and the key in the out-side. Sometime after, Wilson came: on her opening the door, I asked her, if she had played the fool, and got my watch. She said, no. I got a constable, and took her before the justice, She said, she had not the watch, but knew where it was. The other prisoners were taken with the watch, and brought before the justice. I looked at the watch just before I went up stairs with Wilson and Daley. I had half a guinea and some silver in my pocket, but that was never touched; I was a little in liquor.
Jonas Cowen . On the 2d of May, about four in the afternoon, I met Delay and Avery. Avery asked me in the thieving language it I would buy a trick, and took the chain of a watch out of her bosom. I said, if they would go to a public house I would look at it. We went to the George, in Stanhope-street; we went into a back-room, and Avery gave me the watch to look at, and I sent for a constable and gave charge of them.
The watch was produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutor.
There was a riot in the street between twelve and one o'clock, on the 2d of May; I looked out at the window, I saw the prosecutor, and thought I knew him, I called to him, he came up stairs; I told him I was mistaken in him, and begged his pardon. He wanted to have to do with me; I asked him for a present; he said he had nothing but half guinear that wanted twenty peace of weight, but he would pawn his watch if I had any body to send with it, and give me a crown, I called up Rose Delay , and he gave her the watch to pawn for a guinea.
Wilson called me to go and pawn the watch; going along I met Avery; I told her I was going to pawn a watch. As we were talking, a Jew came up, and asked if we had any thing to sell, and put his hand in Avery's bosom, and wanted to be rude with her; he said we were on no good intent, and pulled the watch out of her bosom.
That man is a bad man; he was tried at Westminster for stealing shoes. I leave it to the mercy of the court.
Wilson and Daley guilty . T .
Avery guilty, T. 14 years .
454, 455, 456, 457. (2d M) WILLIAM ALLEN , JOHN SMITH , THOMAS BATH , and ROSE the wife of THOMAS BARROW , were indicted, the three first for stealing a mahogany tea-chest, value four shillings; and three tin-cannisters, value one shilling ; the droperty of Mary Ashley , widow, April 24th . And the other for receiving the above goods, well knowing them to have been stolen . ++
All four acquitted .
(2d M) WILLIAM ALLEN ; JOHN SMITH , and ROSE the wife of RICHARD BARROW , were a second time indicted, the two first for stealing a scarlet cloak, value ten shillings ; the property of Sarah Brailsford , widow, April 28th ; and the other for receiving the above cloak, well knowing it to have been stolen . ++
All three acquitted .
William Wood , April 21st . ++
459. (2d M) MARY HILL was indicted for stealing a silver watch, value forty shillings; a steel watch-chain, value six-pence; a brass seal, value one penny; a brass watch key, value one penny; a steel-hook, value one penny; and a padlock key, value one penny , the property of John Brown , May 25th . ++
John Brown . Last Thursday was a week, I was coming down Holborn-hill . I stopped to make water; buttoning up the flap of my breeches, the prisoner came to me, and asked me where I was going; I said home; I felt her hand immediately snatch the watch-out of my pocket; I laid hold of her directly, and charged the watch with her. I did not find the watch upon her; I saw it at the justice's next day.
The watch was produced in court by Evans, and deposed to by the prosecutor.
Q. to the prosecutor. Was you sober at the time?
Prosecutor. Yes. I am sure the prisoner is the person that took my watch; I felt her hand take it out of my pocket; there was nobody so near me as the prisoner.
I was going down Holborn, I saw the prosecutor standing, and three woman round him; the women ran away, and he laid hold of me, and asked me if I had his watch; I said no. He said he would keep me till I found the other three women. He took me to the watch house, and they were going to search me, but he said there was no need, for the other women has the watch.
The prosecutor denied any such thing passing.
460, 461. (2d M) MOSES NATHAN and ELIZABETH GILLIS were indicted for stealing a silk cardinal, value thirty shillings; a silk hat, value fourteen shillings; a linen apron, value nine shillings; a silk handkerchief, value five shillings; and a half guinea ; the property of Mary Crow , spinster , May 20th . ++
Mary Crow . On the 20th of May, Nathan and another man hauled me into a bad house, and hawled me up stairs. Gillis brought a candle and held it; they put a handkerchief in my mouth, and swore great oaths. One said, cut her cloaths off, and the other said cut them off. The other man held me, and Moses Nathan pulled my things off, and took my money out of my pocket. Gillis laughed and hissed; I did not see her take any things. They put a handkerchief in my mouth to prevent my crying out. I have never seen any of my things again.
On her cross examination, she said they dragged her into the house about nine at night, and kept her there till seven or eight in the morning. That they held her on the bed. That they kept the handkerchief in her mouth till they went away, which was about seven or eight in the morning. That her cloaths were taken away in the night. That one held her while the other took the things away. That there was no light when they took her things away. That a candle was brought, but they put it out.
Joseph Barber . On the 21st of May, about seven o'clock in the morning, I met the prosecutrix with a Jew girl, a woman of the town. The Jew girl told me the prosecutrix had been robbed, and shewed me the house, I went into the house and enquired if a young woman lay there with two men the night before. Gillis said, yes, but she did not know the men that brought her in; that she gave them a candle; and they gave her eighteen-pence for the lodging. I went, and found Moses Nathan , and charged him with it; and took him to the watch-house. He said, he knew nothing of her things.
I and one Powell met the prosecutrix, she said, she was going to Mile-end, and ask'd us to go a little way with her: We went; then we asked her to lie with us, and agreed to give her a crown between us: And she went to bed very willingly. I went out to get something to drink, when I returned, Powell was gone: And as he was gone, without paying his half, I would not pay mine; so I went about my business.
They came in for a Lodging; I gave them a candle. I know nothing of the robbery.
For the Prosecutor.
Q. to the Prosecutor. Do you remember him?
Shernback. I saw the prisoner Nathan and Crow come in: She came in boldly; Nathan came in first, and she came in arm in arm with the other young man.
Marko Snathan. I heard the prosecutrix threaten to prosecute the prisoners if they did not give her four Guineas. She said, it lay in her breast to swear which way she would. When they came in; there did not appear to be any force: She did not cry out, but walked willingly up.
Nathan Guilty .
Gillis Acquitted .
462, 463. (M.) WILLIAM HERBERT , and WILLIAM KNOWLAN, otherwise Knowlan , were indicted, for wilfully, maliciously, and feloniously shooting at Walter Butler , with a certain pistol loaded with gunpowder and a Leaden Bullet; the said Walter Butler being in a certain place and King's highway, called, Lamb's-Conduit-street ; against the Statute.
Second Count Charges. William Herbert with shooting, is in the first count; and William Knowland , otherwise Knowlan, with being present aiding, abetting, maintaining, &c. the said William Herbert the felony aforesaid, to do and committ; against the Sta-March 7th . *
The witnesses were examined apart at the request of the prisoners.
Walter Butler . I am one of the patroles employed by the parish of St. Andrew's above the bars. On the 7th of March, my walk was in Lambs-Conduit-Street: near two in the morning, I observed Herbert in Lambs-Conduit-Street, opposite Great Ormond-Street: two men went before him down towards the fields, and he followed them. Knowlan and Reading were the two men that went before, my partner and I thought them suspicious people, and followed them. When we came to the corner of the pond in the Foundling-Hospital-field, we listened, but could hear nothing; then we concluded they were gone another way. As we were returning back, we met Reading and Knowlan: I said to my partner Cameron, they are the two men that passed us first; he said they were, and that he thought it was best to follow them. We went after them, and overtook them by the pond, and asked them where they were going, and whence they came? They said they were going to Tottenham-Court Road, and came from the bottom of Gray's-Inn Lane. By the Foundling wall, I said, How can that be! did not I speak to you at the corner of Great Ormond-Street? No, said they, it was not us: I said, I was sure it was, and that they should go to the watch-house and give an account of themselves: then I asked them where the third man was that followed them? they said, they knew nothing of any third man: upon that the third man came out from a corner of the garden wall and joined in with them: that was the prisoner Herbert. I thought he had a mind to speak to them; but he did not, as I could hear. We told them, they should all go to the watch-house and give an account of themselves. My partner walked before, and I behind. We had not hold of them when we came through the posts in Lamb's-Conduit-Street; Herbert sprung into the middle of the street, and I sprung after him; on that he turned round and fired a pistol at my neck. There were two balls found lodged in my
On his Cross Examination.
"He said, that he never did say that he
"did not know Herbert only by his stature;
"that he walked beside him two or three
"minutes, and having a suspicion of him,
"looked very full at him; that he desired
"him, two or three times, to keep his hand
"down; that when he was taken and carried
"of a dozen.
"of Butler's evidence, and said, that he
"walked along-side Knowlan and Reading;
"that Butler and Herbert were behind; that
"he was more afraid of Herbert than the
"others, he being behind him; that he often
"looked back at him for three hundred yards;
"that when they came through the turn-stile,
"by the corner of the hospital, Knowlan
"dropped a cutlass and pistol; that when they
"got into the street, Reading dropped another
"pistol and cutlass; that when they came
"into the street, Butler and Herbert dropped
"behind about a dozen yards; that then he
"heard a pistol go off; that he thought at first
"his comrade had shot at the other man, but
"that in a minute he heard him cry out, and
"heard the man run away; that he made on
"with the other men; that the watch were
"then calling the hour two; that he delivered
"the two men to the custody of three watchmen,
"and went back to see after Butler,
"and found him lying on his back in the
"street; that the other man was gone; that
"he was sure Herbert was the man he left
"with Butler; that when he was taken, he was
"put among a number of persons in the yard
"There was a pistol, a picklock, a dark lantern,
"and boarer dropped when they were
"delivered to the watchmen, besides the
"pistols and cutlasses dropped before." (They were produced in court.)
Henry Roan . I am a watchman: on the 7th of March in the morning, as I was crying the hour two in Lambs-Conduit-Street, I heard a pistol fired; I turned myself short round and saw the wadding of the pistol fired upon him: I was not two hundred yards off. I made towards where I heard the fire. I met Cameron with Knowlan and Reading (looks at Knowlan) I am sure he is one of them; Cameron said, Roan take charge of these two scoundrels till I go and see what is become of Butler; for he was shot. I set down my lantern and staff on the flags, and took one with my left hand, and the other with my right, and detained them till two more watchmen came up and desired them to take charge of the two men till I went to assist Cameron. Going down I met Cameron bringing up Butler: he desired me to go to the constable of the night, and desire him to get a doctor, for Butler was shot. Knowlan and Reading were taken into custody that night: Reading was afterwards admitted to bail because the principal was not taken.
Thomas Robinson . I was constable of the night: I knew nothing till they came to the watch-house: Roan came first, and told me Butler was shot, and desired me to get a surgeon: then Butler was brought and the two men. In Butler's handkerchief I found these two balls (producing them).
John Cross . I was at the apprehending of Herbert. I took him at the George door, the corner of Wood's Close, St. John's Street: he was in company with a George Hartley , Lambert Reading , and one John White : when I offered to take him, he drew this knife (producing a large clasp knife) to cut me down, and said, d - n my eyes, he would cut my bloody melt out! I took him.
When this affair was done I was sick abed: I have persons to prove it, but do not know
Knowlan was not put on his defence.
Herbert, Guilty . Death .
Knowland, Acquitted .
464. 465. 466. (M) GEORGE MORRIS , WILLIAM BROOMWICH , and FANNY INGALL , were indicted for feloniously and traiterously feiging, coining, and counterfeiting a peice of false, feigned, and counterfeit money, and coin, to the likeness and similitude of the good, legal, and current money, and silver coin of this realm, called a shilling : against the statute, May 10 . +
Percival Phillips . On the 9th of May, at five in the morning, I went to the prisoner, Morris's house; by Baggnage Wells , in the road to Kentish Town, to see who went in and out. I watched there till after nine o'clock: then I saw Fanny Ingall open the window; I knew her before. I returned, and told Clarke, what I had seen; and the next day, about three in the afternoon, Clarke and I, Heley, Bryant, and Senhouse, went again. We knocked at the door, but not getting admittance. I lifted Bryant over a wall that is before the house, and he opened the gate and let me in. The gate opens into a garden. When I got up three steps, I saw Broomwich and Morris run out of the right-hand room. I believe, they were alarmed by the barking of some dogs. I ran up stairs and laid hold of them: both of them were in their waistcoats, with their shirt sleeves tucked up, as if they had been at work. Broomwich's hands had file-dust upon them, of a coppery fort of metal. I did not observe the hands of Morris. Broomwich had a pair of trowsers on, and there was file-dust on them. Clarke came up, and desired every thing might be let alone, till he had secured them. I went into the room on the right hand, and saw some base metal shillings lying on two different work-boards. I did not meddle with them.
Q. What kind of work-boards?
Phillips. A bench and a table: there were working implements lying by them fit for the purpose of making money. There was a pair of flasks and a press. (They were produced in court by Clarke). There was about three pounds worth of bad shillings in the left-hand room going up stairs, which being rubbed, appeared to be counterfeits. In the right-hand room, there were some crucibles; one of them over the fire with some hot metal in it. ( Producer some straps that they rub the edges of shillings upon; some files, scowering paper, a sieve, and other things, which were all found in the righthand room.) I found a watch in the room below stairs, which was claimed by Broomwich. There was a watch up stairs Morris claimed.
John Clarke . I received an information on the 7th of May, of coiners being in that house. I sent Phillips on the 9th to look at the house. He brought back word, that he saw Fanny Ingall there. The next day we went to the house, and Morris and Broomwich being taken into custody, I searched Morris, and found upon him two counterfeit shillings and a sixpence. In the right-hand room I found a crucible on the fire, and hot metal in it; there was a pair of flasks in that room, on the window, and a bench, with counterfeit shillings upon it. Somebody must have been at work there, there is no doubt of it. On the same board there was some file-dust, (producing it) it appears to be a composition of silver and copper. On the table, in the middle of the room I found some good shillings, ( produces a good shilling, and two counterfeits.) The counterfeit shillings appear to be cast from that good one. (He produced several other good shillings and counterfeits, that were cast from them, particularly one good crooked shilling, and two counterfeits, cast from it, with a little defect on one side of the good one; and likewise of the counterfeit, and observed, there was a crooked mould in the flask, answering to it. The inside of the moulds are made of sand, and there is a facing that closes the pores, that what is cast may not come out full of spots. The instruments produced, are applicable to coining; they can't work without them: there was some aqua-fortis and water, the use of which, is to force the silver on the outside of the shillings, and by rubbing it comes off
"Clarke at the taking of the prisoners, confirmed
"their evidence. He found, in a trunk
"two receipts, one for silvering over, and the
"other to make the white metal, which he
"produced, but the court thought improper to
I was only a tenant in the bed-chamber up one pair of stairs; the house belonged to one Walker, he has left the house, and made it over to one Voteres. I went to Newgate market, and bought some roots to put in the garden. I met Broomwich, and asked him to go and help me to set them, and being there, I asked him to go up stairs to see some pigeons I had; when we were on the stairs, the men came and took us.
"Broomwich, in his defence, gave the same
I was a servant in the house to Mr. and Mrs. Walker. I have nothing more to say.
Morris called four witnesses who gave him a good character.
Broomwich called seven witnesses who gave him a good character.
Ingall called one witness who gave her a good character.
Morris and Broomwich Guilty , Death .
Ingall acquitted .
467, 468, 469, 470, 471. (M) RICHARD CHAPMAN , STEPHEN KNOWLES , THO. FRETWELL , BENJAMIN HIPWELL , and CORNELIUS ROBINS , were indicted, the four first for making, coining, and counterfeiting a piece of copper money of this realm, commonly called a halfpenny, against the statute. And the other for counselling, procuring, and aiding the above prisoners to do and commit the said felony ; against the statute.
Second count. The four first for coining and counterfeiting a piece of false, feigned, and counterfeit copper money, to the likeness and similitude of the current copper money of this realm, called a halfpenny, against the statute. And the other for counselling, procuring, and aiding the above prisoners, the felony aforesaid, to do and commit, against the statute, May 20th . +
John Clarke . On the 20th of May, I received an information of some coiners being upon Harrow-hill-common ; I went thither between eleven and twelve in the morning, together with some other officers of Sir John Fielding 's. When we came there, some of us went to the front door, and I and another went to the back door of the house, where they were supposed to be. There were three houses together, but there was only one entrance to them all; for the other two doors were nailed up: these houses belonged to Fretwell. When we came there, the man who placed himself at the front door, made a noise; upon that, Chapman came to the back door, and Knowles got out of a window at the back of the house. Upon that, I and the person that was with us got in at the back door Chapman had opened; and in one of the lower rooms, we found meat upon the table, where persons seemed to have been at dinner, and Causam was sitting at the table.
The people that were with me, brought in two, Fretwell and Hipwell in custody, and Chapman and Knowles also were taken: We secured them all. I found upon Chapman four counterfeit half-pence in one pocket, and seven in another; and they all appeared to come from a Die that was then fixed in a press in the house. upon Fretwell I found a shilling and eight penny worth of half-pence in one pocket, and in another I found ten pennyworth of half-pence. Upon Knowles I found two shillings and six pence worth of halfpence. and upon Hipwell five pence in halfpence. They all appeared to be new struck from that die. In the same room there was a quantity of counterfeit half-pence, some in papers, and others loose. In the fore parlour there were other quantities; some in papers, and other loose: all that were wrapped up in paper were to the amount of six shillings worth in each paper; there were some papers with twelve shillings worth, and some with twenty-four shillings worth; they were sixshilling papers tied together. They found
Peter Senhouse . I went with Clarke to Fretwell's house: I found several blanks in Fretwell's room (producing them.) I got in at the fore window; Fretwell and Hipwell ran out of one room into the other: there was a parcel of half-pence in the room where the people had been at dinner. I saw the press and things Clarke has mentioned.
Thomas Causam . Chapman and I went to Birmingham the week after Christmas, to bespeak the two presses, one of which is that produced in court; the other is too large to be brought. In the Easter week afterwards, they were accordingly brought to the Bell, in Smithfield, and were conveyed from thence to Fretwell's house, and there they were fixed up. Chapman, Hipwell, Fretwell, Knowles and myself, began to work upon the week after. We were all employed some way or other in making the halfpence. Hipwell only cut out the blanks; Chapman and Fretwell pulled at the fly; Chapman left that work about a week after we began; and Knowles took his place, and pulled at the fly with Fretwell afterwards; but Chapman came back again the Friday before we were apprehended. We made about twelve pounds worth in a day. I was there when Clarke apprehended them all at Fretwell's. Chapman and Siddall, who is absconded, were the master-workmen, and the others were the journeymen. Siddall paid us our wages. Robins made all the dies; I received one pair from his hands, and he told me he made the other pair I received, I paid him two guineas for: I paid that money for Chapman and Siddal. We carried all the dies to Robin's in order to have them engraved; there was one pair carried by my wife, which Robins brought back to me again. My own business was to seed the press. The last pair of dies Robins brought, were in work when the prisoners and I were apprehended. We had no dies but what were made by Robins.
Q. from Chapman. Whether he thought me in circumstances to carry on such a partnership.
Causam. Both Chapman and Siddall took the copper up upon trust, at house on Snow, hill.
I was not in partnership with Siddall; I was not in circumstances to carry on such a business.
Knowles, Fretwell, and Hipwell, in their defence said, that they were employed by Siddall.
Robins in his defence, called four witnesses, who deposed that he was a sinker of dies for clasps for pocket-books, and gave him a good character.
Fretwell called four witnesses who gave him a good character.
Chapman called one witness who gave him a good character.
All five guilty , B . and Impr. one year:
472, 473, 474, 475, 476, 477. (M) JOHN FORRESTER , EDWARD GILES , THO. DEREHAM , JOHN WILLIAMS , SARAH the wife of THOMAS SMART , and BETHIN GORDON , were indicted for feloniously making, coining, and counterfeiting a piece of copper money of this realm, commonly called an halfpenny , against the statute.
Second count. For feloniously making and coining piece of seigned, and counterfeit copper money of this realm, called an halfpenny, against the statue, May 16th . ||
Charles Jealous . Barnet and I and Mardell, went to the house of one Brigg, at Acton , about three weeks ago. Mardell and I went to the back door and got in. Going down into the cellar we met Forrester on the stairs, without
I used to work by the water-side; being out of work I went to the sign of the White Lion the beginning of May last, to inquire for work; a gentleman who was there, told me if I would go with him, he would help me to a job. I went with him to Haddle-hill; there he called for some punch and a pint of beer for me; and said, if I could leave my family a week together, he would give me a guinea a week, and four or five pints of beer a day. I said, I could upon occasion: then he appointed me to meet him on Monday morning at Tyburn turnpike; accordingly I went there, and he came with a chaise cart and took me to Acton. He said, I was only to cut out some copper, and gave me some, which I cut out with shears: he shewed me how to mark it. I knew nothing what it was, for I never saw such a thing before. There was a man cutting with an engine. I asked him what he was about? he made me no answer. The man that employed me, appointed me to meet at a publick-house in town on Saturday following: he did not tell me his name. When I met him, he gave me half a guinea instead of a guinea: he said, he had no more in his pocket; he would give me the rest on Monday. I went again on Monday, and told him to get another man; that I did not choose to stay with him, and should leave him on Wednesday. On Tuesday the witnesses and some more people came and took us.
Last Tuesday fortnight I was going down to Heeling to receive some money that was owing me at Acton. I stopped to have some refreshment: there I met with a woman I knew: she asked where I was going? I told her to Heeling to receive some money. It was a very hot day, and the dust blew very much. She said my face was very dirty; if I would go into the house, she would give me some water to wash my face. I went in, pulled my coat off, and went into the cellar, where there was a well, and washed me. As I was coming-up again, a gentleman met me and pushed me down, and I was taken.
I am innocent of the change.
I leave it to my counsel.
Williams and Dereham called four witnesses, who gave them a good character.
Forrester, Giles, Dereham, and Williams, Guilty B . and Imprisoned one year .
Smart and Gordon, Acquitted .
Thomas Apperdare . I am servant to the Earl of Verney: my master was at the Queen's Arm's tavern, Newgate-Street. I borrowed a napkin to fetch some rolls in. In Newgate-Street , I stopt to see the children go to Christ's
I picked it up in the street.
(L) 481. 482. 483. 484. 485. 486. 487. 488. FANNY HART , BARNARD LEVY , HANAH the wife of BARNARD LEVY , MAGNUS LEVY , JUDITH the wife of MAGNUS LEVY ABRAHAM HART , HANAH the wife of ABRAHAM HART , and REBECCA MOSES otherwise SOLOMON , were indicted for stealing a silk gown and coat, value six pound, a silver hilted sword, value six pound; a man's hat, value ten shillings; three pair of sheets, value forty shillings; a linen gown, value thirty shillings; a pair of womens shoes, value three shillings; a cloth coat, value twenty shillings; a pair of cloth breeches, value eight shillings; another cloth coat, value three pound; a cloth waistcoat, value eighteen shillings; and a pair of cloth breeches, value ten shillings; the property of Benjamin Merryman , in his dwelling house , March 25th ++.
All Acquitted .
489. (L) FANNY, the wife of DAVID HART , was indicted for breaking and entering the dwelling house of Emanuel Fernandez , on the 26th of March, about the hour of nine in the night, and stealing a boy's nankeen coat, waistcoat and breeches value ten shillings, a pair of womens muslin laced ruffles, value twenty shillings, a muslin apron, value three shillings, three shagreen cases, value four shillings, a china image tipt with gold, value twenty shillings, an enamelled ink stand, value two shillings, two silk and silver purses, value one shilling, a canvass bag, value one penny, three leather bags, value one penny, a gold snuff box, value twenty pounds, a silver snuff box, value forty shillings, a watch with two cases, made of gold, value twenty pounds, nineteen guineas and eighty-nine guineas in money, numbered the property of the said Emanuel, in his dwelling house ++.
Emanuel Fernandez . On Sunday the 26th of March , about eight in the evening there were some ladies drinking tea with my wife in the parlour; about nine o'clock the maid that attends my little girl, came down stairs, and told me the house had been riffled; she asked my wife if she had left the key in the bureau; we went up stairs and found the iron chest that contained all the things mentioned in the indictment, (except the boys things,) taken away, the garret window appeared to be broke open I received my things again from Mr. Merriman.
They were produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutor.
Benjamin Merriman . I had been robbed, I searched the house of the prisoner and found the things mentioned in the indictment; I took them to my own house, on opening them, I found Mr. Fernandez name in some writings, which led me to inform Mr. Fernandez of it; I delivered the things to Mr. Mead.
- Mead. I delivered the things to the banker, I questioned the prisoner about the ruffles, she said she had them ten or twelve years; I found
Mr. Fernandez. I received them of the banker, and have had them ever since.
Mrs. Fernandez deposed to the ruffles.
Not guilty of breaking and entering the dwelling house, but guilty of stealing the goods . T .
The Sessions being ended, the Court proceeded to give Judgement as follows.
Received Sentence of Death. 15.
Thomas Whittle , John Colcraft , Charles Whittle , Joseph Scott , Edward Jones , alias Revell, Thomas Harrison , Thomas Greenwood , William Herbert , William Howard , George Miller , Thomas Telless . alias Campbell, alias George Benson , Robert Perreau , Daniel Perreau , George Morris and William Broomwich .
Transportation for Seven Years, 16.
James Sharpley , Margaret Wilson , Rose Daley , Mary Hill , Elizabeth Narden , Mary Hoffman , Ann Anderson , Ann Lee , Sarah Taylor , Elizabeth Nutter , Joseph Benet , John Castle , Edward Hitchcock , James Smith , Elizabeth Muddall , and Fanny Hart .
Branded, and Imprisoned One Year, 9.
Saturday the 9th of June was published, No. V. BUFFONS NATURAL HISTORY. Translated by Dr. KENRICK.
Where may be had
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