NUMBER III. PART I. for the YEAR 1764.
Printed for and Sold by E. DILLY, in the Poultry.
King's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol-Delivery, held for the City of London, &c.
BEFORE the Right Honourable WILLIAM BRIDGEN , Esquire, Lord Mayor of the City of London; Sir Henry Gould , Knt. * one of the Judges of his Majesty's Court of Common-Pleas; the Hon. Mr. Baron Perrott +; James Eyre , Esquire, Recorder ++; and others of his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer, of the City of London, and Justices of Gaol-Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City and County of Middlesex.
N. B. The *, +, and ++, refer to the Judges before whom the prisoner was tried.
126. (L.) Dennis O'Brien was indicted for stealing one silk gown, value 20 s. one silk and worsted gown, value 20 s. one cotton gown, value 20 s. one stuff petticoat, value 10 s. one cardinal, four linen shifts, two linen aprons, two silk handkerchiefs, two linen handkerchiefs, eleven linen caps, one pair of linen sleeves, and one wooden box , the property of Margaret Dailey , widow , Feb. 6 .
To which he pleaded Guilty . T .
George Hulme . I was going up Fleet-street towards Temple-bar; betwixt Crane-court and the Bar, I missed my handkerchief: I turned about, and accused a man with taking it; he told me, he felt a lad rub against his back, and run the opposite way, and pointed to him. I followed him; he ran up Crane court; he ran about half way up it, and turned round, and stopp'd under a window;
Q. Is that man here?
Hulme. No, he is not. (The handkerchief produced and deposed to.)
I was coming up Fleet-street, and happened to turn up that court, and there was no thoroughfare: I turned back again, and the gentleman came and said I had got his handkerchief: he found nothing upon me. My father is a shoemaker, and lives near the Haymarket: I work with him.
128. (M.) Mary Davis , widow , was indicted for stealing one feather-bed, value 20 s. one bolster, value 3 s. one sheet, value 1 s. one cover-lid, value 18 d. one flat iron, value 1 s. one copper tea-kettle, value 1 s. one sauce-pan, value 1 s. one iron pottage-pot, value 1 s. one iron candlestick, value 2 d. one looking-glass, and one plate, the property of Elizabeth Aris , widow , in a certain lodging-room, let by Couchart, to be used by the said Mary , January 31 . +
See her tried for the murder of Richard Watson , the turnpike-keeper, at Marybone, No. 428. in last mayoralty. Her behaviour at the bar, as well as on her former trial, discovered her insanity of mind. The Court recommended her to the Governors of Bedlam, as a proper object of that charity.
129. (M.) Eleanor Williams , Spinster , was indicted for stealing one cloth cardinal, value 10 s. one cotton gown, value 10 s. one linen shift, value 3 s. one shirt, value 3 s. two neckcloths, value 4 s. one pair of silver buckles, value 12 s. one pair of pumps, value 2 s. one callimanco petticoat, value 20 s. one pair of linen sleeves, three linen aprons, one pair of cotton stockings, and two linen caps, the property of David Scott , in the dwelling-house of the said David , January 11 . *
David Scott . I live in St. Catharines , and am a house-carpenter and ship-joyner . On Monday, the 10th of January, the prisoner came to my house, with my wife's sister; she being a poor creature, my wife took her in, out of charity: on the Wednesday following, in the morning, she went away privately, and the things mentioned in the indictment, were missing at the time. I took the prisoner up, and she owned to the taking the things, and I have the greatest part of them here, which she had pawned to three pawnbrokers; and went with me and the constable for them. She says, she is but 19 years of age.
Susannah Scott confirm'd her husband's evidence, with this addition, that after her husband was gone to work, she saw the prisoner go out of the house, and shut the door after her, and that she had then no bundle with her; but afterwards she found a back window broke, where she concluded the prisoner had put the things out; and that her shoes, stockings, gown, cap and shift, were on the prisoner when taken.
Joseph Bedrey , a pawnbroker, produced a coloured apron, pledged to him by the prisoner, on the 17th of January. And William Masters produced a pair of silver buckles, pledged by the prisoner, the 11th of January, and an apron, the 13th. (Deposed to by prosecutor and wife.)
Guilty, 20 s. T .
Ann Cleland . I keep a public-house , at Windmill-hill, Moor-fields . On Sunday was se'nnight, between four and five in the morning, I heard my curtain-rings to my bed rattle; I cry'd out, Who is in the room? and put my hand to the curtain, and found there was some substance by my bedside. I heard my gold rattle in a little iron box, that I keep in my purse, which I had laid under my head, when I went to bed: I lay still, and it was about half an hour before I could hear anybody stir in the room again; then I heard the door move (I burn a lamp in my room, but that was out; whether the prisoner put it out or not, I know not) at the door opening, the dog barked below: then I rang the bell; my servant called, What is the matter? I said, there is somebody in the house: they came down, and they took the prisoner. When they got a light, I asked him what he had done with my purse? he said, he had not got it; I sent for a constable; then he said the purse was in my room; I was then below. The constable went up, and brought my purse down; there was a guinea, three half guineas, and 15 s. 6 d. in it, my property. The prisoner is a drummer, that
John Comings . I am servant to the prosecutrix. She rang the bell; I came down, and found the prisoner on the stairs: when my mistress charged him with stealing her purse, he at first denied it; but at last, said, he would go and shew us where it was. I and the constable went up with him into my mistress's room; he took up the purse from the floor, and gave it to the constable. He said, when the dog bark'd, he was afraid it was a great mastiff dog, and he was afraid to go down stairs. Upon being asked how he got into the house, he said, he came in at the door, about 9 o'clock, and crept under the bar, and went up stairs, and lay under the bed, where he used to lie, when he was quartered in the house.
I had been drinking at Islington; I went into the prosecutrix's house, about 9 o'clock, and up stairs, I thought it was my lodging; but I was not in her room at all I lay till almost day-light; then I was going down stairs, the dog barked, and she rang the bell, and said, there were thieves in the house. When the servant said, who is here? I said, it is the drum.
Guilty . T .
Matthew Harrison . On Sunday, the 15th of January last, between eight and nine in the evening, a gentleman told me, as I was near the Horn-Tavern, Fleet-street , the prisoner had then picked, my pocket; I felt, and missed my handkerchief: I seized the prisoner. I did not see my handkerchief fall, but the gentleman took it from the ground, and gave it to me. I had made use of it when I was near St. Dunstan's church.
Richard Nicholson . The prosecutor and I were coming arm-in-arm along Fleet-street. A gentleman came and tap'd him on the shoulder, when near the Horn-Tavern, and said, a man had pick'd his pocket. We both took hold of the prisoner: soon after, the prisoner, took the handkerchief out of his pocket, and dropped it by his left side; I saw him do it. (Produced in court, and deposed to.)
They took hold of me, and were going to carry me to the pump, in St. Paul's Church-yard: I got hold of his collar, and he of mine: I said it should not be done, without a right understanding for it.
Prosecutor. The prisoner was very resolute, and wanted to get away. I told him, if he would not submit quietly, I would take him to the pump: then he said, he would go to the watch-house, but before we got there, he offered to run away.
Guilty . T .
132. (L.) Mary Philips , widow , was indicted for stealing two pint pewter mugs, value 12 d. the property of Nicholas Best ; and one pint pewter mug, value 6 d. the property of William Bennit , February 11 . ++
Mr. Alderwick, a pewterer, in Fetter-lane, deposed, the prisoner brought three pint pewter pots to his shop to sell; he stopt them, and sent word to the two prosecutors, whose names were on the pots. (The pots were produced in court, and deposed to by the respective owners, Nicholas Best , and William Bennit , victuallers, in the Haymarket.
I have always got my bread honestly; a woman gave me these pots to sell: I thought no harm at all; I carried them, and they stop'd me.
Guilty . T .
John Maubart . I am one of the Gang-porters, belonging to Porter's-key . On the 7th of this instant, I had word brought me there was a man in the buildings; I went, and took Mr. Dutton with me, he had a lanthorn; it was about 7 at night: we went in, and when we were above, we found the capsen rope was down, with which we load the goods; we concluded, the person must have gone down that, we knew they must then be safe, as they could not get out of the area. We went down, and found the prisoner there, in a vault, with the quantity of sugar mentioned, in his pocket. He said, he did not know how he came there; he thought it had been an alehouse: his apron was all daubed with sugar.
I had been at work by the water-side, to help to land some sugar. I took this sugar from the bottom of the lighter; it was full of dirt and tar: then I went to Billingsgate, to buy some fish, and they laid hold on me. (The sugar produced, and appeared clear from dirt or tar).
Guilty . T .
Isabella Johnson. I live at Aldgate-high-street , and keep a pork-shop ; the two women at the bar came to my shop window, on St. Matthew's day, about ten o'clock; one of them said, These are they; then Dalton took up a pound, and shewed them to Driver: Driver asked the price: I said 6 d. she paused a while, and laid them down again; they bid nothing. Dalton said, she would have them; the other said, she would not; they disputed some time: then Dalton took them up, and said, I'll be d - 'd, if I have not them, and put them under her arm. I expected them to come in at the door, and pay me, but they went away with them: I called after them, but she carried them clean off. I went out, and to the corner of the Minories, I could not see them; I concluded my sausages were gone: coming back again, I met them, and said to Dalton, Good woman , pay me for the sausages: she opened her arms, and said, I have no sausages of yours. Said I, you took them away. She fell to beating me in the public street; Driver said, roll the old bitch in the dirt; there were people there that prevented them: then I got in my shop again, and thought farewell women, farewell sausages: they followed me into my shop, and beat me notoriously. I did not apprehend this to be robbery at first; but they would neither pay me for them, nor own they had them.
Both Acquitted .
136, 137. (L.) John Taylor , and Lot Lash , were indicted for stealing a trunk with goods, a gold repeating watch in it, value 630 l. and other jewels, in all, to the amount of 1020 l. the property of Abraham Dubois , and Nathaniel Lucas ; the same being upon a certain key, adjacent to the river Thames , December 24 . *
Nathaniel Lucas . I am a merchant , in partnership with Mr. Abraham Dubois . On the 24th of December, betwixt 12 and 1 o'clock, I caused to be loaded on a cart, three cases, and two matted trunks, and on account of one of the trunks, I did not chuse to trust any body with them, but went myself with the cart, and did not lose sight of it, till it got down to the Custom-house key. When I got into Tower-street, I overtook our waterman which we employ, Mr. William Turpin , who accompanied me down to the key; there I saw these trunks and cases unloaded, and put safely under the crane, which the merchants use for shipping goods, about 2 yards from the water-side. I gave orders care should be taken of them; they were delivered to the waterman, in his presence, and he was to ship them, but we were to wait a little: the thing in dispute was, which of the two ships we should ship them on board. When we had discharged the carman, Mr. Turpin and I went up together, to give him particular directions concerning shipping those goods; and I knew nothing to the contrary of their being shipped, till the Monday following, about noon, when Mr. Turpin came to my counting-house, and brought the captain's receipt for only four out of five of these cases. The ship is a Spanish ship, called the St. Michael: Mr. Turpin told me, at the same time, that the other trunk was missing, and he was in hopes it was wrong shipped. Upon which, I was very anxious of finding it, it was the richest of the trunks, marked with a Heart, and a Crow-foot on the top, divided in the middle with three letters, J. G. C. in Roman capitals, with No. 15. upon it. The others were different marks; this was a flat trunk, about 3 feet long, and about 22 inches broad, and about 20 deep. I went with Mr. Turpin upon the key, and we made all the enquiry we could, among the shipping, but could not find it; I suppose they must produce this trunk to me.
Q. What were the contents of the things in in the trunk?
Lucas. There were 871 fans, value 164 l. 5 s. two gold trinkets, set with diamonds, value eight guineas; a gold repeating watch, set with diamonds, and other precious stones, value 630 l. a gold toilet, value 28 l. a mother of pearl necklace and ear-rings, and other things; the whole value of the goods, I remember, were from 1000 to 1100 l. I saw them put into the box, which was matted and corded, and I sealed the key with wax, in the counting-house, under the matting. I have made all the diligent enquiry I could, but never could hear any thing of it.
Q. Do you know the nature of an oath?
Henson. I do.
Q. What will be the consequence if you take a false oath?
Henson. If I take a false oath I shall go to the D - l.
He is sworn.
Henson. My master is Mr. Hunter, a watchmaker, at the corner of Lombard-street, next door to the pastry-cooks. I was sent by my master to the custom-house key with a clock, the day before Christmas-day, to be shipped on board; after that I had another Errand to go to Burr-street, St. Catherine's. I delivered the clock at the custom-house key. When I came to Brewer's key I saw Lot Lash standing under the crane, with a flat parcel, like a trunk, matted and corded; he desired me to help him up with it; I went to help him, but it was too heavy for me; I tried but could not; then she said he was afraid the officers would seize it; then I proceeded on my other Errand as far as the Tower; then I saw him with such a thing on his shoulder coming along.
Q. Can you describe the shape or size of that parcel?
Henson. I cannot directly; it was heavy; I followed him over Tower-wharf, where he turned round several times, but for what purpose I do not know; when I came to the farthest end of the wharf he turned towards Tower-hill, and I saw no more of him; I went of my errand, and then home to my master.
Q. How came you to recollect this?
Henson. By the warning being brought to my master's; when he said there was a trunk stolen, then I told him what I had seen.
Q. Where is Brewer's Key?
Henson. It is two or three keys farther than the Custom-house key, towards Tower-hill.
Q. Did you know Lot Lash before?
Henson. I never saw him before to my knowledge.
Q. What Day of the Month was this?
Henson. It was the 24th of December.
Both acquitted .
George Chapman . I am a Livery Servant . On the 20th of January, near eleven at night (a very moon-light night) I was going home to Lime-street, I met the prisoner at the corner of Grace-church street, with another woman; she asked me a few questions; she asked if she might go along with me. I said there is room enough for both of us to walk, you had better keep at a proper distance and not come nigh me. As soon as she got near Lime-street in the market, she catched hold of my waist, and snatched the watch out of my pocket, and gave it to the other woman, who ran away with it. I went to look after her, but mistook my way and did not catch her. I never saw my watch since. I had been almost every night to look for her; and as I was waiting at a public-house on the 31st of January I saw her coming by. I took her up and charged her. She was taken to the watch-house in Leadenhall-street; there she charged me, and the Constable would not let me go without my answering to appear against her for stealing my watch.
He came and laid hold on my shoulder, and turn'd me about, and said, you are the woman I am looking for; said I, for what? Said he, for robbing me of my watch last Friday night; I said, I know nothing of it; he said it was much such a little woman as I was. He took me to the watch-house and charged me. I am but 15 years old.
See her tryal, (No. 324,) in last mayoralty, for receiving goods stolen by Adwell and Madin.
139. (M.) James Macdougall was indicted for stealing fifty pair of leather soles, value 20 s. ten wooden lasts, value 10 d, and twenty pounds weight of leather , the property of Robert Skene , January 30 . ++
Mr. Finleson. Robert Skene is now a Bankrupt . I am one of the assignees. The prisoner did work for him. We had an information there were some leather, the property of the bankrupt, in the prisoner's room, in the Broadway, Westminster. I went to search on the 30th of January, and saw some soles and other things found there, which the bankrupt says were his property.
John Edmunds . On the 30th of January the bankrupt came to my house, and said he had information the prisoner had some of his leather, and desired me to go to Mr. Finleson who got a warrant, and we went with a constable to the prisoner's lodgings; there we found, I think, twenty-five pounds weight of inward sole leather, fifteen lasts, (all marked with the bankrupt's name) and fifty pair of soles, ten dozen welts, and other parcels of leather. The prisoner said he bought eighteen pair of them soles at Mr. Marshman's in the Broadway, Westminster, and picked out eighteen pair from the rest. I asked him in what Manner he bought them; he said, by two or three pair at a time, and said the rest were all the bankrupt's property; and that his method was, as he worked for him at his own lodgings, he went and bought worse leather at the leather-cutters, and put them in and kept his master's soles; and his master's clicker brought the lasts to him.
Q. How long has Mr. Skene been a bankrupt?
Edmonds. He has been a bankrupt ever since October last, when he ran away. There were a few shoes out among the workmen, and when they came in the trade was stopt. I believe the prisoner could not have carried on this scene since he was a bankrupt.
Alexander Levistone . I was at the searching the prisoner's lodgings. I saw upwards of twenty pounds weight of inward sole leather found, fifteen lasts or upwards in a bag, with the initial letters of the bankrupt's name on each; and I saw found fifty soles, and about ten dozen of Welts. The prisoner told me he bought worser soles, and kept his master's himself, and put in the bad one's in his master's shoes.
Q. What are you?
Levistone. I am a currier.
Q. Did you ever hear of Journeymen doing such a thing?
Levistone. I have heard so.
Mr. Finleson. The prisoner is a creditor to the bankrupt of 21 l. and I do think this prosecution was done in malice.
Q. How many pair of shoes might you deliver out to him in a week?
Skene. About 14 or 15 pair. I delivered out all the Materials. I delivered out lasts, but not those that were found in his house; the lasts that he had were only for the army, but these were customers lasts.
Q. If he had taken and kept your leather, and put in worse, could you have discovered it?
Skene. No; not thinking of any fault.
Q. Is the prisoner a creditor under the commission?
Skene. He is of 21 l. I borrowed money of him at two guineas at a time.
Q. When did you become a bankrupt?
Skene. I became a bankrupt in October.
Q. Did he know you was likely to become a bankrupt?
Skene. No; he never pressed me for money, or to give him security for it. (The goods produced in court.)
Skene. The lasts I know by my name on them; they are mine; and I know the soles to be mine by the cutting; they are my own cutting. The prisoner told me he had sent two parcels of my leather to Scotland that he had got in this manner.
I bought two or three dozen pair of welts. There were several journeymen worked in the house I lived in for my master; and when they went away they did not carry home their lasts; they were found in my custody, but I did not bring them there; I bought a number of soles of journeymen who had them to sell, and in leather-cutter shops, and cut it out myself.
Guilty . T .
Mary Milbourne . I am wife to the prosecutor: I missed my two table-cloths and a flat iron before Christmas; the prisoner then lived with me; I discharged her on the Saturday after, having been with me nine weeks; not on any suspicion, having known her from a child; her mother came on the Tuesday following for her cloaths; I told her she had no cloaths there; upon her mother inquiring after her things, it came out that the prisoner had pawned them, and some things of mine. The next evidence can give a farther account; the prisoner owned to every thing in my hearing when taken up.
Guilty . T .
141. (M.) William Jones was indicted for stealing one stuff petticoat, value 6 s. two cotton gowns, value 8 s. one silk gown, value 8 s. one dimity gown, value 4 s. one linen frock, value 1 s. one linen gown, value 1 s. the property of Edward Sowdon , January 16 . +
Mary Sowdon . I am wife to Edward, but he does not live with me, he lives with another woman. On the 16th of January I lost the things mentioned in the indictment, (mentioning them by name) from my own apartment in Gray's-inn-lane ; the prisoner lodged in the same house, but I had no suspicion of his taking them. I went to enquire about among the pawnbrokers, and found the petticoat pawned in his wife's name in Turnmill-street; then I went and got a warrant to take up the prisoner and his wife on suspicion; I took them before Justice Welch; the prisoner there cleared his wife, and owned he himself robbed me of all the things, and confessed where he had pawned them; some in Turnmill-street, and some in the Strand. The justice directed me to go to the people; I went, and they brought the things to the justice.
Prisoner. I have nothing to say.
Guilty . T .
Margaret Johnson . I keep a linen-draper's shop in Russel-court . On the 9th of January, between three and six in the afternoon, I turned round to take a piece of cloth, and a little girl told me a man had taken some handkerchiefs; she ran and called, Stop thief, and the prisoner was brought back and the piece of handkerchiefs; there were eleven of them that just before had been lying, so that they might be taken on the outside the shop.
John May . A little girl came running by me, crying, Stop thief; I seeing the prisoner run, I ran and took hold of him by the shoulder; he dropt the piece of handkerchief in the dirt. (produced in court and deposed to) I brought him back to the prosecutrix: I believe he was not got above fifty yards from her shop: He had got the piece, so that I did not see it till he dropt it.
Mary Nichols . I was taking in the things at the next window to the prosecutrix, and saw the prisoner as he came by take this piece of handkerchiefs out of the side of the window: I called, Stop thief, and the last witness ran and catched him, and brought him and the handkerchiefs back.
That morning I came from Hammersmith; my mother gave me six shillings to buy a pair of shoes, and a shilling to bear my expences. I stopt with some friends at Kensington and drank; and in London I met more company, and spent best part of the money, and was so much in liquor I did not know what I did, nor where I was. I know no more of taking the things than the child unborn.
To his Character.
Guilty . T .
Bright Hemmings . I am a stable keeper; Mr. Traverse's post-chariot stood in my coach-house, in Curson-street, May-fair ; the two side glasses were stolen away: I missed them on the 13th of this instant.
Thomas Jones . I keep a public-house; the prisoner brought a coach-glass to my house to sell to an old cloaths-man this day fortnight: I had a frame that would near sit it; and as he said it was given him, I thought he did not steal it, so I agreed with him for it for half-a-crown. When he was gone I took up the news-paper, and there read an advertisement of such a glass being stolen. He had told me his master lived at the Swan at the bottom of Hay-hill,
Bright Hemmings. This is just the size, but I cannot undertake to swear this is the property of the prosecutor.
144. (M.) John Smallman was indicted for stealing 300 lb. weight of flint-glass, called cullet, value 40 s. the property of John Guest , and Edward Guest , privately in their warehouse , February 7 . *
John Guest . My father and I are partners in the china and glass way ; we live in St. John's street. On Tuesday, the 7th of this month, I went into the warehouse to see if the men had done work, between 7 and 8 o'clock; it was dark; I hit my elbow against part of the prisoner's body: He was a yearly servant in my father's house, (I do not live there) to porter out goods, and to do business in the warehouse: He was in the bin, which is at one corner of the warehouse, where we keep our cullet, (that is broken glass.) The other servants had left work. I cry'd, Hollo, Who is there? He said, It is I, master; I said, What are you doing there? he answered, he was looking for an old shoe; I said, What have you done with your candle? He said. it was dropt down in the bin: I ran int o the kitchen and fetched a candle, and found him in the same position; and opposite to where he stood was a parcel of glass in a sack, about three quarters of a hundred weight; we sell it at seventeen shillings a hundred weight; he said he did not know how the sack came there. After he was gone, I went and made a chalk mark on the sack, and my mother stuck a pin in it; I then went to the next house; my father came home; I immediately told him what I had seen; we went to the warehouse, and the sack was taken away; I fetched a constable; we hunted about for the sack for a considerable time; at last we found it hid under the cellar-stairs; the chalk mark had been in part rubbed out; the pin remained in it; we challenged him with putting that glass in the sack; he would not own it. The prisoner had sold us 221 lb. weight of cullet; we asked him how he came by that? He said he bought it at an old iron shop in St. Giles's; I and the constable went with him to the place in a coach, but the people declared they never saw him in their lives; coming back, he confessed the whole affair in the coach; he said he used to take it out of the Bin by a little at a time, and carry it to our stable in St. John's square, till he made up that quantity. He sold us three parcels more, one on the 11th of November, the other the 18th, and the other in December: He acknowledged they were all our own property.
Q. Do you sell goods in your warehouse?
I went into the warehouse for a pair of shoes, to clean them, with a candle in my hand; finding one upon the cullet, I looked for the other, and my candle fell out of the candlestick; master coming and finding me in the dark, suspected I was doing what I should not: As to the sack I am innocent of that: What I went into the cellar for, was, at the maid's desire, to tap the beer just before supper.
Guilty 4 s. T .
Mary Read . I am a servant in St. John's-street , the prisoner lodged in the same house. I missed my gown on the 11th of this instant, and by inquiring, found it pawned to Mrs. Sell, in Charter-house-lane, in the prisoner's name. I took him before the justice, he there said he took it through mistake, thinking it was his wife's: I never lent it to his wife, neither has she one like it.
I thought it had been my wife's gown.
Christopher Holiland . I keep the Half-moon tavern, Cheapside ; the prisoner was my porter . On Saturday, the 4th of this instant, Mr. Smith, a silversmith, in Cheapside, sent me word that he had stopt my porter with a medal; I was then ill in my room; I know the medals belong to the association of Antigallicans, but I look upon myself to be answerable for them, they being under my care: I know them to be the same.
William Smith . I have seen both the medals; this is the medal that I stopt, (holding one in his hand) the prisoner at the bar brought this to me, and asked me if I bought old silver; I said, Yes; he asked what I would give him for it; I said, it is a very pretty thing, may be I could give 16 or 18 s. for it; he immediately agreed to take that; I asked him how it became broke; he said he and his brother had broke it, and he had a mind to sell it; I asked him how he came by it, he could give me no account; I asked him where he lived, he first gave me a false account; I told him I should not part with him till he told me, and also how he came by it; at last he said he had it of Mitchel and that he himself lived at the Bull-and-gate in Holborn; I asked him who Mitchel was, and where he lived, he said he could not tell; upon farther asking him, he said he lived at the Half-moon tavern; I asked him if Mitchel had given it him, he said no; he said he had seen it lie in the dancing room, and he took and put it in his pocket in this condition; I carried the medal over to Mr. Holiland, and sent the prisoner over under the care of a constable.
William Mitchel . I live at the Half-moon, Cheapside, my master trusted these medals to my care; I missed them on Saturday from out of a drawer; the prisoner denied having the other medal for some time, but at last he owned he took them both, and that he took them out of the drawer; he afterwards carried me to a silversmith, in St. Paul's Church-yard, there he had sold the silver of the other; there we found it.
The prisoner said nothing in his defence.
For his Character.
Guilty B .
William Cole . On Sunday night, the 15th of January, I was coming from St. James's end of the town to Billingsgate, I met the prisoner on Ludgate-hill, a little after eight at night; she took hold of me, and asked me if I would go along with her; I asked her where she lived, she said, Just by; I went along with her to Addle hill , into a private house up one pair of stairs; there was another woman in the room some time; she went out for something to drink, while my pocket was picked by the prisoner of a 36 s. piece, and a brass pocket-piece was put into my pocket in the room of it.
Q. How came she to have an opportunity to do it?
Cole. We were upon the bed at the time; I was going to be familiar with her, but after I found that I declined; upon the other coming in with what we sent for to drink, I got from the bed, and felt in my pocket and found it out.
Q. Then what spoiled your familiarity?
Cole. That was the other woman coming in.
Q. Where had you spent that day?
Cole. I had been with my Brother that lives with Esquire Castle in Spring-gardens.
Q. Was you sober?
Cole. I was quite sober, I had drank only one pot of beer with my brother.
Q. When had you seen your 36 s. piece?
Cole. I took it out of my pocket and looked at it after the other woman was gone out of the room: I had that, a sixpence, and half-a-guinea; I charged the prisoner with it, she said she knew nothing about it; I asked her if she knew any thing of the brass piece, she said she did, and that it was her own; she stript off some of her cloaths to let me see she had it not; I searched the bed but could not find it; I kept her in the room till 10 o'clock; then I charged the watch with her; I offered her half-a-guinea if she would return it, but she would not own that she had it; she was carried before Mr. Alderman Rawlinson the next day, but she said nothing there.
The prosecutor seemed to be very much in liquor; I know nothing of his money; I buy and sell old cloaths; I was at that house, he took hold of me and charged me; I never was upon Ludgate-hill that night.
Harbin Elderton , in the said dwelling house , February 8 . *
Harbin Elderton. I am a haberdasher and hosier , and live in Bishopgate-street . Yesterday was fortnight, about six in the evening, I was coming out of my parlour, my apprentice said, the thieves were at the window, that had been there before (we suspected some fellows that had been at the window the Monday before) I gave a look, being within a foot of the door, and saw Bunyard take some goods through the glass, and run away with them: candles were lighted in the shop, I went to the window, and found a bit of glass broke out, and some goods gone, I cannot swear to all that was taken; I asked my apprentice if he had seen the thieves? he said, he had; and said, he should know them again: then I thought it necessary to be a little upon the watch, in case they should return. In less than five minutes, Bunyard returned, and took the residue through the hole; he put his hand in, and pulled them out. I saw him move with them in his hand from the window: I followed him immediately. In his running, I cry'd, Stop thief: he ran against a woman, knocked her down, and fell over her; I had not lost sight of him. He was taken, brought back, and committed; he had conveyed the goods away. I can swear he is the man that put his hand in, and took goods out. My goods were taken up by a person and brought into the shop; the prisoner said, he heard the cry, Stop thief, and he ran, in order to catch the thief, and so he fell down. I saw no man running but him, nor none by him, when he took out the goods. (The goods produced.) These are my property, and were lying by the glass which they had broke, within the shop. He told me, he was a watch engraver.
Nathaniel Brittain . I am apprentice to the prosecutor. He sent me to the Compter, to see whether I should know the prisoner, Price; I looked through the rails, and saw all the prisoners together; as soon as I saw Price, I knew him; I believe he is the man I saw with Bunyard, on Wednesday night, when these handkerchiefs were lost. I saw him at the shop window; I cannot swear particularly to Bunyard, but I believe upon my oath, Price was one of the two. I heard the other say, which I suppose to be Bunyard. Where is Joe? at the window, just before the handkerchiefs were taken.
Nathaniel Elbone . Yesterday fortnight, I was going through Bishopsgate-street, about 20 yards from the prosecutor's door, I heard the prisoner, Bunyard, hallow out, Stop thief. There was a gentlewoman, she not giving way, he knock'd her down, and fell over her, and I laid hold of him: the prosecutor came up, and said, he had robbed him of some handkerchiefs, from his shop window. The prisoner said, he was running after a thief that was gone before: there was no other person past me, but the prisoner. As I had hold of his collar, I saw him pull his hand out of his pocket; I said, are you going to pull any thing out? he took his hand out; I did not see any thing fall; but in about ten minutes after he was in the prosecutor's shop, the handkerchiefs were brought in by a stranger.
I was going past the shop, and heard the gentleman run out, and cry, Stop thief: a man ran; he was within three yards of me. I should have laid hold of him, but a woman was in my way; I ran against her, and threw her down, and fell myself. Then they came and took hold of me: the man ran down Spittal-square. I live in Cross-lane, High-Holborn, and can earn a guinea and a half a week. I was going to meet one James More , at the Coach and Horses, in Shoreditch, the house of Richard Swift .
Bunyard guilty of Felony only . T .
Price Acquitted .
See Bunyard tried before, No. 366. in last mayoralty.
150, 151, 152. (M.) Peter Robins , Charles Galliher , and Jane Godfrey , otherwise Simonds , spinster , were indicted, for that they, on the 16th of January , about the hour of one in the night, the dwelling house of Christian Watts , spinster, did break and enter, and steal one large silver salver, value 5 l. one silver apple scoop, value 2 s. two silver tea-spoons, value 2 s. one silver table spoon, value 6 s. two silver dessert forks, value 3 s. one pair of cotton stockings, value 2 s. one pair of worsted stockings, value 2 s. one canvas-bag, value 1 d. and 20 s. in money, numbered, the property of the said Christian, in her dwelling-house . +
Christain Watts. I live at Staines , in Middlesex. On the 16th of January last, my house was broke open in the night; I cannot tell the time, because I am very deaf. I apprehended I heard a noise, and imagined it to be a high wind had thrown down the bricks of my chimney: every thing was sufficiently fastened when I went tobed. I lie up one pair of stairs, and found in the morning the glass was broke of a window up oneJohn Fielding ; my silver salver was there produced, and I swore to it.
Prosecutrix. This is my property, and it was taken out of my house that night
Sheffield. On the 22d of last month, about 9 in the morning, I was sent for by my neighbour Mr. Hebbleswate, a watchmaker, in New-street: he stept out at the door, and told me, he had got a person in his shop that had brought a piece of plate, which he believed was not honestly come by; he gave me charge of him: it was the prisoner Peter Robins . I told him, I must search him; he said, he would strip, if I required it: he came very honestly by the plate, and that it was a family piece of plate of his mother's. I took him before Sir John Fielding ; he told Sir John that the plate was thrown at him, by a person that was riding by, full gallop, on the Tuesday night, as he stood by the house where he lodged, (some where at or near Stains) upon which he said, he took and buried the plate in the ground, and it lay there till the Saturday night; then one of his neighbours told him, he had read in the papers, that such a person's house had been broke open, and the plate was advertised, upon which he hired a horse, and came to town with the plate that night, or rather on the Sunday morning, saying, it was 12 o'clock when he came to town. I know nothing against the other two prisoners, but by Robin's confession.
Richard Peirce . The prosecutrix sent for me on the 17th of January, to mend her window; I am a glazier. I found a pane of glass broke on the stair-case, and one in the kitchen, and I put new glass in.
Thomas Hebbleswate . On Sunday morning, the 22d of January, the prisoner Robins, came to my house, and knocked me up: my wife went to the door: he said, he had a piece of plate to sell. I imagined he wanted to inform against me, in case I bought any thing on the Sunday: I sent the maid privately for a constable; she went, and brought one. The prisoner told me, he lived in Gray's-Inn-lane; I asked him if any body recommended him to me? he said no; but that he had bought a watch of me a while ago, and that I had used him very ill, it would not go, and he was forced to sell it to a Jew. I knew at the same time, I never sold him any: he told me, the salver was a family-piece of plate, the property of his mother. I gave the constable charge of him.
Mr. Bolt. I know all the prisoners. I was sent for by the prosecutrix, on Tuesday the 17th of January, about 2 o'clock, in order to see in what condition every thing was. When I came there, the glazier was just putting in a quarey; (that is the reason he is produced here as an evidence, I not seeing the window in the condition he found them) we found her chest of drawers broke open, in the passage leading to the room, the door of her chamber broke all to pieces, and a large kitchen poker broke in two pieces, lying near it. In her room, several of the drawers were open, and the things had been rumaged. Several boxes were broke in another room, and the locks lying by them; there was never a bed on a bedstead; the bed was thrown out at a window; we found several cupboards broke open. I came to town, and having a great deal of business, did not go to Sir John Fielding till the Thursday morning. I got the things advertised, and put out some hand-bills; and on Monday night, I had a letter by Sir John's order, to let me know a man was taken up on suspicion of stealing plate, and that he owned he had buried a silver salver behind a hay-rick, in Mr. Bannister's ground; he keeps an inn at Stains, near where Robins lives. The Justice advised us to go and search the ricks, and the house where Robins lived, for the rest of the plate. I went there, and found a hole that had been fresh dug, we could find nothing; we searched the rick, then we searched the prisoner's lodgings. The next morning, Madam Watts came to town, and swore to her salver; then Robins declared before Sir John, that he and the other two prisoners were concerned in the robbery; he said, the first made an attempt on the cellar-door, and broke it open, but the water was so deepGodfrey both went in, and down into the kitchen, and found the fire was not out; then there was such a noise of thumping in the house, in breaking the door and things, that it might be heard as far as the Turk's-Head, (that is 200 yards distance); that they brought the plate out at the window to him. Then they consulted who should sell the plate; he said, he himself was not in the house, but stood all the time at the bottom of the ladder, and walking backwards and forwards; that he himself was pitched upon to sell the plate, being the cleanest dressed. That he came up on the Friday morning, and sold the small plate. We took a coach, and went to the place where he mentioned, a silver-smith, Mr. Masters, in Coventry-street, and found the applescoop, table-spoons, and the forks; we took him in the coach with us; I had a warrant from Sir John, and took up the other two prisoners. I met the woman in the street first, and gave her in charge of a constable; she said Charles Galliher and Robins offered her the plate, at the prosecutrix's gate, to bring it up to one Frances Davis 's, to sell, or leave it there, but she would not take it. The prosecutrix's house stands upon Hamptoncourt road, some distance from any other; that Davis lives in the town, and they used to meet at her house. After I had taken Galliher, and delivered him into the custody of the constable, Godfrey sent for me, and said, if I would let her out of the round-house, she would confess all to me. I had her brought to my house; she said no more to me, than she had said before; but when she came before Sir John Fielding , there she charged the other two. I took Galliher in bed, at Egham: I charged him with having been guilty of this fact, but he would not own to any thing; I found nothing upon him; nor in his custody. Before Sir John, Godfrey said, another person was concerned; upon her swearing to that, he was taken up, and appeared innocent, and Sir John set him at liberty Sir John would have admitted her an evidence, but I begg'd he would not. I thought her evidence not fit to be taken.
I was in company with Jane Godfrey , at Fanny Davis 's. On the 16th of January, Charles Galliher came to the door; she said, How are you, Charles? he said, poor and pert. I said, then you are like me: we are all alike, said she. Let's go and rob somebody, said I: Who, said she? that old D - l, Madam Watts. So we went.
Q. to Prosecutrix. Had you any body in your house that night besides yourself?
Prosecutrix. No, I had nobody in the house but myself.
Robins, Guilty . Death .
Galliher and Godfrey Acquitted .
Guilty . B .
John Blunt Burchall . I keep a cutler and silversmith's shop , in Long-acre . The prisoner came to my shop on the first of February, to buy a pair of tea-tongs, and six silver spoons, and two or three other odd things: he agreed to give 29 s. for them, and gave me a shilling earnest. About half a minute before he went out of the shop, he put his hand quick into the drawer, and put something in his pocket; I was fronting him all the time. The moment he turned out at the door, he set up a running as fast as he could; I followed him through several streets, before I could come up with him. When I came up with him, I said, friend, let me know what is in your right hand pocket? said he, you shall not put your hand in; I'll put my hand in myself, which he did, and brought out this silver stock-buckle (producing one) I can't sware to it, but I missed just such a one, and here is the maker's name on it that made mine, and the prisoner owned it was mine; that he took it out of my shop by mistake: upon my return, I missed it: I did not stay to see what he had taken, when he went out.
Q. Was this stock-buckle one of the things he agreed for?
Burchall. No, it was not.
I saw the stock-buckle on the outside the window; I asked him the price, he said five shillings; then I asked the price of a pair of tea-tongs; he showed me a pair at half-a-guinea, and another at 8 s. 6 d. then I wanted three tea-spoons, he weighed them, they came to nine shillings, and a pair of women's shoe buckles came to twelve shillings; the whole came to twenty-nine or thirty shillings, besides the stock-buckle: I said I had not money enough about me, but I would come again for them, and gave him earnest; business interfereing, I put a 5 s. 3 d. in my pocket, and this stockbuckle, by mistake.
Q. to Prosecutor. Did the prisoner cheapen any stock-buckle?
Prosecutor. No, he did not.
Guilty . T .
John Carren . I am a peruke-maker : The prisoner worked journey-work with me. On the 28th of January I went out among my customers, and left him at work in the shop; when I returned he told me he was taken ill and must go home to bed; after he was gone I began to recollect I had left my key in my cupboard of drawers in the shop; I went to look at my money, and out of twelve guineas which were there in a purse, I miss'd four of them. I went to justice Manley and got a warrant, and took the prisoner up upon suspicion in his mother's room: The constable told him he must come along with us directly to justice Manley's; the prisoner said, Step down stairs, I will come to you presently; I said I would not trust him out of my sight; he then arose from his chair, and begged to speak with me; he and I went into an adjacent room, he shut the door, and said, pray, Sir, don't expose me; I said, Ben, You know very well you have robbed me this morning of four guineas, deliver it up, and no creature shall know of it; he then put his hand into his pocket and pulled out a handkerchief, and delivered it to me, saying, There; It is there: I untied it, and there found four guineas: He said necessity forced him to it: His landlady threatened to turn him out of doors, and take his bed from under him: I promised not to expose him: I went into the other room and said to the constable, There is nothing in it, you may go home. The constable said, no; I must execute my warrant, you must go before the justice: When we came there, the justice said, Is this the man? I said, Yes. The justice said, How long have you left your master? he answered, About an hour: I then interrupted, and said, He has confessed the money; the prisoner fell on his knees and begged of me and the justice to forgive him; I also begged of the justice to forgive him, but he said he could not.
As his confession was drawn out of him with a promise of forgiveness, he was acquitted .
George Crimer . The prisoner was a lodger up two pair of stairs in Mr. Peter Fink's house: I lodge there also in the garret. On the 13th of January I left my silver buckles in my room in my shoes; on the 15th I miss'd them, and found them again at Mr. Milner's, a pawnbroker, pawned in the name of Ann Denham . (Produced in court.) The prisoner denied that she had pawned them.
Mr. Milner. I am a pawnbroker, in Mansfield-street, Spital-fields: The prisoner at the bar brought these buckles and pawned them with me the 14th of January: She said her husband had sent her with them, and that they were his own.
Peter Fink . I had a sick family, and the prisoner, to assist my wife, went up to make the prosecutor's bed on the 13th of January: I saw her go up. When the prosecutor came to put on his shoes on the Sunday he miss'd his buckles.
My husband took these buckles out of his pocket, and desired me to go and pledge them for him: He is run away, and I have not seen him since: He said he had borrowed them of one of his workmates to pledge for 6 s. that he wanted.
Q. to Fink. Is her husband gone away?
Fink. I have not seen him since, but the prisoner said her husband knew nothing about it.
Henry Dugdall was indicted for stealing one copper tea kettle, value 10 s. the property of George Galley , January 27 . +
Mary Hendrick . The prosecutor is my son; he keeps the Black horse in Shug-lane . The prisoner came and called for a pint of beer on the 27th of January; there was nobody up but me; I went down for his beer, and before I came up with it he was gone, and the tea-kettle also was missing from the chimney corner, that cost 16 s. he never came back for his beer: That very day sennight I was going out at the door, and the prisoner was going by; I called my son, and he came out and took him; we got the kettle by his telling us where it was.
George Galley . The week after the kettle was lost I took the prisoner in the street; I got him into the house, and desired some people to take charge of him while I went to Justice Wright for his advice; he granted me a warrant; I took the prisoner before him; he stiffly denied knowing any thing of the kettle: He was committed to the Gatehouse. Coming down Windmill-street, we went in at the Coachmaker's-arms and had a pot of purl; there I desired if he had pawned or sold it to let me know, and I would get it again; he flatly denied it then. I left the constable and him together a little while; the constable will give the Court an account what past.
Edward Lidard . I am a constable. The prosecutor gave me the prisoner in charge; we took him to Mr. Wright, he denied having any thing of the tea-kettle there: As we were taking him down Great Windmill-street, he denied it there; I went on to the end of the street. He said, let me go to Mr. Galley's, and I'll tell you something about it; we went into Mr. Galley's taproom; then he said to me he had taken it, and sold it to a broker in Tyburn-road for 2 s. we went to the justice again, and told him what the prisoner had said; he granted a search warrant to find it; I went with the prisoner; the prisoner saw a servant in the cellar; he said, that is the man I sold it to; there we found the kettle. (Produced in court and deposed to.)
Robert Rayment . The prisoner came to me one morning about a month ago, as I was opening the shop, and asked me if I would buy a tea-kettle; my Mrs. was not up; I asked what he asked for it, he said, Half-a-crown; I bid him 2 s. he went away, and said, I should not have it without a pint of purl; so I gave him 2 s. and a pint of purl for it.
I saw a man offering to sell a tea-kettle to some brokers; they refused to buy it; he said to me, brother, do you know any body that wants to buy a tea-kettle; if you'll buy it I'll sell it you cheap: I asked him what he asked for it, he said, Half-a-crown; after that he came to 18 d. I bid him a shilling, and he agreed to take 18 d. then I went to that house and offered it for Half a-crown, and sold it for 2 s. and a pint of purl.
Guilty . T .
159. (M) Sarah Waters , spinster , was indicted for stealing one wooden tea-chest, value 1 s. three silver tea-spoons, value 4 s. one linen apron, value 1 s. and one cloth cloak, value 6 s. the property of Thomas Jacobs . February 7 . +
Thomas Jacobs . I am a weaver . My wife hired the prisoner out of Spital-fields market upwards of half a year ago; she came on a Monday, and on the Tuesday she dined with us; after dinner my wife and I went to take a walk in the garden, and returned in less than a quarter of an hour; then we miss'd her, and the tea-chest and things in it; my wife pursued one way and I another, but could not find her. We took her up last Tuesday was fortnight; she then had my wife's cloak upon her back (Produced and deposed to.) We never could find the rest of the things.
Elizabeth, his wife, confirmed the account he had given.
I am as innocent as the child unborn; I bought the cloak of a stranger for 9 d, about three months ago: I gave her a shilling for it.
Guilty 10 d. T .
Margaret Flood . My husband's name is John: We keep the Castle and Falcon in Holborn . The prisoner and a woman came in and called for a pint of beer; they drank it and called for another; when we lighted up candles he moved from the window near the fire, and called for a pint of hot; then came in a young man, and called the prisoner Mr. Brown, and asked him how he did; then he moved from the fire, and came and sat in a
Q. Was it possible that his pockets could contain two quarts and a penny pot each?
M. Flood. My Lord, his coat was almost all pocket.
I don't know how they came into my pocket; I believe they were put in by the company that were there; I was very much in liquor.
M. Flood. There was nobody sitting in that seat but himself.
Guilty . T .
161. (M.) Daniel Frazier was indicted for that he, on the 17th of January , between the hours of 6 and 7 in the night, the dwelling house of David Eaton did break and enter, with intent the goods of the said David to steal . +
David Eaton . I live in Little Hermitage-street, Wapping . On the 17th of January, as I was sitting by the fire, I turned my head and saw the door open; I got up and shut it; coming back I saw my till three or four inches out; I leaned over the counter and saw the prisoner concealed on the ground behind the counter; I secured him, and the next day carried him before the Bench of Justices at Whitechapel.
Q. Was the door open or shut when he came in.
Eaton. I cannot say which it was.
Edward Hore . I am a wharfinger at the Hermitage. I lost three pigs or cakes of copper ore from Ralph's key , which was imported from Spain; there were 60, from 200 weight to 25 lb. weight; I don't know who took them; I believe I lost them about the 20th of January.
John Eason . I am a constable. Between 6 and 7 o'clock, on the 24th of January, I was sent for to take charge of the prisoner at the bar for stealing a pig of copper ore; I took him to the counter; I asked him how he came to be so foolish to go to take this copper ore; he hesitated a little while, and at last said he took it for want; says I there must be two or three concerned with you in taking so much away, being told there were two or three more pigs missing; he made little or no answer; he was a labouring man upon the keys; I never saw him but once before in my life.
Thomas Sparrow . I saw the prisoner bring the pig of copper ore out of the gateway, and throw it down where the rest of the copper ore lay; the gates were shut that he could not get out, I imagine was the reason he brought it back again.
I work on the key. I was coming along about dusk; I saw a man run up one of the gateways; he dropt something; I went to see what it was, and found it to be a piece of copper; I took it up, and put it down where the rest of the pigs were lying. I am but lately come from the East-Indies in a king's ship, and have no friends to speak for me.
Abraham Radrigas , and Henry Simonds a constable, deposed, they stopped Anthony Francisco Gonsalves with a pig of copper ore, and Gonsalves was the only person that could say any thing as to the prisoner.
The Court thought it proper not to examine him.
164. (L.) Jacob Coen was indicted for stealing a gold watch, value 15 l. one cornelian seal set in gold, and one pinchbeck metal chain, the property of Francis Bishop , privately and secretly from his person , February 16 . +Chancery-lane end; there I saw the two men I had seen before, and a bad woman I presume near them; it was then about half an hour after eleven; whether she belonged to them or not I do not know, but the circumstances I believe will prove she did; I kept on my way as far as Chancery-lane end, the men were within two or three yards of it; I saw a decent drest man speaking to the woman; I spoke to him as a friend, and said, Sir, I would not advise you to stay with this woman, I apprehend there are some bad people about; if you don't know where to go, I'll go and show you; he was much in liquor, but, by his appearance, I took him to be a gentleman; I advised him to come with me, or he would get his pocket picked, or some other hurt happen before the night was over; upon that the fellow, the companion of the prisoner, said, Very likely the woman may be as honest a woman as you are a man. That man and the prisoner resembled; they might be brothers, I never saw them before: I said I was not going to dispute with him about it; upon that, Mr. Miller, who was on the other side the kennel, said, Come away, don't be talking to them fellows; the prisoner was standing close to me; he saw the chain of my watch, clapped his hand upon it, and took my watch out of my pocket; I saw it in his hand, and strove to catch it: I called to Mr. Miller, and said, I had lost a very valuable gold watch; we pursued, and the prisoner was never out of my sight till he was taken; I refused fifteen 36 s. pieces for that watch the last time I was in France; there was a cornelian seal to it set in gold. I never saw a man, or any thing that could run equal to the prisoner, except a dog or a horse; he had not been catched, only some people hearing the call, Stop thief, seized him by mere chance: After he was taken, the other man that we saw talking with him came up, and said, Do you think that man has got the watch? I'll go and talk to him; he went quite close to him and jostled with him; and I make no doubt but that man got the watch; he came pretending to vindicate his character.
Q. Was this before he was searched?
Bishop. It was; there was nothing found upon the prisoner but four or five pocket-handkerchiefs of different sorts.
Q. from Prisoner. Whether you did not charge another person with stealing your watch before you charged me?
Bishop. I charged the other man as an accomplice, and also a third person; I was willing to charge them all: But as I knew the prisoner was the man that took my watch, I let them go.
Q. from Prisoner. Did not you come to me in prison, and-say, if I would give you your watch you would not prosecute me.
Bishop. I said to the prisoner he had better confess he had my watch, for I was certain he was the man that took it. I have no other view in this but public justice; I never expect to see my watch again.
Q. Was you sober?
Bishop. I was as sober as I am this moment.
Thomas Miller . I was in company with Mr. Bishop on Thursday sennight all the evening. I saw the two men standing together by a hackneycoach; the prisoner was one of them: When we first came there, Mr. Bishop said he should speak to a person at the Antigallican; we went, but the door being shut, we returned down the street again; upon our second coming there, the same two men were standing as we saw them before; there was a very decent drest gentleman along with a woman; he seemed very much in liquor; I imagined the woman to be a woman of the town. Mr. Bishop seeing the gentleman in liquor, desired him as a friend to go home to his lodgings; there were several people about he did not like their aspects; he said he would assist him to his lodgings if he pleased; the woman immediately said, she imagined we were two sharpers, or pickpockets, that intended to take the gentleman from her and rob him; passing along, one of the two men, not the prisoner, said to Mr. Bishop, that the woman might be as honest as he, or e'er a one of us, and wanted to quarrel, and kept shuffling backwards and forwards within a couple of yards of us; I stept on about six or eight paces before him; the first thing I heard was, Mr. Bishop calling me to stop, he had lost his gold watch; upon which I stopt short, and saw a man run across the street, who I immediately pursued; (that was the prisoner) he ran very fast; I called out, Stop thief; he ran a considerable way before he was stopt; I was not twice the breadth of this court-room from him all the time.
Q. Which way did he run?
Miller. He ran towards St. Paul's. I am a stranger in the town. There were other people pursuing; as I kept calling he was brought back to the watch-house, and was there a considerable
Q. What did he say for himself?
Miller. He said, at Guildhall, he ran away because he thought Mr. Bisho p was going to beat his competitor. Mr. Bishop was positive to him as soon as he saw him in the watch-house.
William Rust . I am a journeyman hatter. Coming along Fleet-street, seeing a man run, I ran and catched him by the skirt of his coat: He was carried to the watch-house, and charged with taking a gold watch from the prosecutor. I saw the handkerchiefs taken from him.
Q. Did he give you any reason for his running?
Rust. No, he did not.
Jacob Kemp . I was coming along Fleet-street with my shop-mate, the last witness; I heard the cry, Stop thief; we ran and took hold of the prisoner, who was then running, and two or three more after him. He was taken to the watchhouse. The prosecutor came and said he had robbed him of a gold watch.
Q. Were any body running before the prisoner?
Kemp. No, he ran before them all.
I was coming along; this gentleman begun quarrelling with a man; I came there; says one of them, Are you the man that belongs to this man, you scoundrel? I was afraid he was going to strike me, and I can't fight, so I ran away; running along, these two men stopt me: The gentleman had hold of another young man, and he let him run away. I am a Dutch Jew.
Q. to Mr. Miller. Did you make use of such words to the prisoner as he has mentioned?
Miller. No, I did not.
Guilty of stealing, but not privately from his person . T .
165, 166. (L.) John Drew , and Jane his wife , otherwise Jane Pervis , were indicted, for that they, on the 3d of February , about the hour of one in the night, the dwelling-house of Thomas Reynolds did break and enter, and stealing two looking-glasses, value 13 s. fourteen pictures framed, value 11 s. five blankets, value 5 s. one bed quilt, two pillow-cases, and two glass decanters, the property of the said Thomas Reynolds , in his dwelling house . ++
Q. How many beds have you?
Reynolds. I can't justly tell.
Q. What sort of people do you let lodgings to?
Reynolds. To poor people.
Q. What, any body that come?
Reynolds. Any body that comes may have a lodging.
Q. How long have you lived there?
Reynolds. I have lived there twenty-three years. I occupy the lower part of the house, the parlour and kitchen.
Q. Do you know all the people to whom you let lodgings?
Reynolds. No, I do not; I have sometimes people from out of the country that I never saw in my life before.
Q. What have you to say against the prisoners at the bar?
Reynolds. On Friday, the 3d of this instant, between 10 and 11 at night, my servant came and told me there was a light in the one-pair of stairs room; I knew nobody should be there, because that was not inhabited: I took a couple of pistols and ran there; there I found a bed at the foot of the stairs, wrapped up ready to be carried away: I called for assistance, Mr. Scott came: The back door was open.
Q. Was this your dwelling house?
Reynolds. No, It was not; it was an uninhabited house of mine; the woman at the bar was found concealed under the sacking of the bed. I went and searched the prisoner's apartment, and there I found five blankets, a quilt, two pillows, and two pillow-cases; six pictures, 2 glass decanters, a large looking-glass, and a great many pieces of china, all my property: They were taken out of the one-pair of stairs, and two-pair of stairs rooms, in that house. The prisoners were tenants of mine. There came twenty or thirty people to my assistance. The man was taken among the rest of the people in the house.
Q. Are the prisoners man and wife?
Reynolds. I know nothing to the contrary but that they are.
Q. Did you see the man when you first went into the room?
Reynolds. No, I did not. On the Monday a person came from the Compter, and let me know where I might go in Harp alley and find more of my things: I went into Harp-alley; there I found a pier glass and eight pictures. (The goods produced and deposed to.)
Reynolds. I believe it is ten months since, and nobody was ever suffered to go in there, but my wife and myself.
John Scott . On the 3d of February, between ten and eleven at night, I was going to bed, I heard an out-cry of fire; then I heard there were thieves in Mr. Reynolds's uninhabited house; I went, and there stood Mr. Reynolds in the yard, with a pistol in his right hand, and another under his left arm. I asked him if he knew who was in the house? he said he could not tell, but had reason to believe there were thieves; he was afraid to go in. I said, give me one of the pistols, and I'll go in; he did. I went in, and the first thing I put my hand upon, was a bed that lay against a door: I went up into the one pair of stairs room; there was no bed upon the bedstead, and in the two pair of stairs room, I found the woman at the bar, under the sacking of the bed; she seeing I had a pistol, begged I would not hurt her; she came from under the bed, and I took her down stairs, and delivered her to the watchman. At the time they were taking charge of her, the man at the bar came down with a blunderbuss in his hand, and said, he had been firing it up the chimney, believing there were thieves there. I stopped him, and asked him where he was going? he said he was going to Mr. Reynolds's house for more fire-arms, to fire up the other chimney below; I said he should not go till Mr. Reynolds came: when he came, I delivered him to him.
Q. Did you tell him you had got his wife?
Scott. No, I did not. They were both carried to the Compter; and on the Saturday, before my Lord Mayor. My Lord asked the man what he intended to do with the goods that were found in his apartment? he said, he did not take them with a view to sell them, but only to make a little money of them. As we were carrying them to the Compter, the woman said, she was very sorry for what she had done, but it was done, and there was no help for it: if she was to die, she was not the first that must die. I asked the man, which way they got in? he said, by breaking the cellar door: I went to Harp-alley, and saw the other things there.
Q. What name did the woman at the bar go by?
Scott. She was always known by the name of Pervis; I never heard of her being married to any body.
Q. What are you?
Scott. I am a painter, and live in one of Mr. Reynolds's houses.
Mary Walker . The prisoners offered a looking-glass and eight pictures to me; I suspected they did not come honestly by them, and I stopped them: this was the night before they were taken up, about five o'clock.
Q. Where do you live?
M. Walker. I live at the Cross-keys and Star in Harp-alley.
I came down stairs, when the people were in the house; Mr. Scott catched hold of my hand, and stopped me: I had met Mrs. Reynolds at her door; she gave me the blunderbuss, and desired me to fire up the chimney, which I did. I know nothing about the things. This woman by me, is my wife, instead of a better.
I am this man's wife.
John guilty of stealing only . T .
Jane Acquitted .
167. (L.) Walter Marsh was indicted on the coroner's inquest, for Manslaughter, in assaulting John Marsh , his brother, throwing him on the ground, and giving him a mortal fracture, of which he died , February 18 . *
Benjamin Nash . I was at Mr. Arnold's, on Hampstead-Heath , about a quarter after ten, on the 4th of this instant; I heard a quarrelling, and ran out, and saw three men; I did not know who they were at that time, it being dark, but since, I do; they were John, Robert, and Walter Marsh , three brothers. I came within about ten yards of them, and heard two blows struck: one of them went away, and made a crying noise, and the other came up with the other, and said, For God's sake, don't strike him any more with the stick; it was Robert said that to the deceased.
Q. How can you possibly say that?
Nash. I can't be quite sure, but I know one said to the other, don't strike him any more with the stick, we are all brothers: then the other went after him. I saw no more happen.
Robert Marsh . I am brother to the prisoner and deceased; the deceased ran after the prisoner, and knocked him down with a stick; this was on Friday night, the 4th of this instant, at Arnold's, at Hampstead; the stick was the staff of a pick axe.
Mr. Grigson. I attended the deceased. I found the scull much fractured.
Q. What might occasion that fracture?
Grigson. That might happen by the fall.
Thomas Underwood . I am a carman , and work with a coal-merchant. The prisoner is a pewterer by trade; we both lodged at one house: I lost a pair of silver buckles last Monday five weeks; the prisoner not coming home at night, we suspected he had got them. My landlady went to enquire among the pawnbrokers in the neighbourhood, and came home and told me, Mr. Davidson would have me to call upon him; I went to him, and he asked me what sort of buckles mine were? I told him, and where I bought them, and that I gave 27 s. for them. He asked me if I had any suspicion of any body? I told him, I had, of a man that lodged in the same house. He said, if I could bring that man to his sight, he would help me to the sight of my buckles. My landlord and I went to see for the prisoner, and found him, and with a great deal of persuasion, he came home with us. Then my landlord went for Mr. Davidson: when he came and saw him, he said, he was the man that brought and sold a pair of buckles to him; then I got a constable and charged him; the prisoner fell into a great passion with the pawnbroker, and called him villain. Mr. Davidson shewed me a pair of buckles, but I thought they were not so wide as mine; I had worn them but twice in my life; I had had them but 13 days, they were taken out of my pumps in my room. (A large wrought pair of silver buckles produced in court. He takes them in his hand.) I can't pretend to swear to them; if I do, I shall swear against my conscience.
Q. Where did you buy the buckles you lost?
Underwood. I bought them in Coleman-street.
Q. How did you describe the buckles to the pawnbroker?
Underwood. I described them as a large pair of wrought silver buckles. The prisoner proposed to make me satisfaction before the constable; when I charged him, he called the constable and me into a back room, at the Coach and Horses, in High-Timber-street, and said, if I would let him go about his business, he would make me satisfaction in a fortnight's time: he said he was not the thief, but he knew who the thief was.
Q. from Prisoner. Whether he has not acknowledged these buckles are not his?
Underwood. I never have acknowledged them to be mine.
Q. What do you think of them now?
Underwood. I can't swear to the buckles.
Q. Have you ever said they were not your buckles?
Underwood. I have several times, especially when I first saw them.
Q. Who did you buy your buckles of?
Q. from Prisoner. Did not your landlady, and the woman that lodges in the house, say they would swear they were not your buckles?
Underwood. Yes, they both said divers times, they were not my buckles; my landlady had had them in her drawers all the time I had them, till the time I lost them in the room.
Q. Are there any marks or letters on them?
Underwood. No, there are not, as I know of.
James Tapper . I live at the corner of Bell-alley, Coleman-street. I am servant to Mr. Brown, a pawnbroker. (He takes the buckles in his hand.) I sold such a pair to Thomas Underwood , on the 3d of January last: they were marked withinside with the letters T. H. he gave 27 s. for them: these are marked the same.
Q. Did you sell them for second-hand or new?
Tapper. I sold them for second-hand.
Q. What do you take to be the value of these buckles in your hand?
Tapper. I bought three pair; two of shoe, and one of knee, all together.
Q. Suppose these were yours now, what should you think a reasonable price for them?
Tapper. I should think 27 s. a reasonable price.
Q. Do you look upon these to be the same you sold the prosecutor?
Q. Were the other pairs you bought of the same pattern?
Tapper. No, one pair was round, with a crown, and the other a plain pair.
Q. What were the chases and tongues of them you sold the prosecutor?
Tapper. They were all silver; so are these.
Q. Have you any in your shop like these?
Tapper. No, none like them. (The Jury inspect them.)
Hugh Davidson . I live at Queen-hithe, Thames-street; (He takes the buckles in his hand) These buckles I bought of the prisoner at the bar, on Monday, about the 17th of January. I asked him if the buckles were his own? he said, they were. He said, he was just come out of the country, and wanted a little money. I asked if he wanted to pledge them? he said, he wanted to sell them outright; that they cost him 27 s. and they were not much the worse for wear; that he expected not to lose a great deal by them; they weighed 4 oz. 4 dwts. there are two brass wires, for which we commonly allow 2 dwts. I gave him a guinea for them, and the next day I put them in the window, for sale. The prosecutor's landlady, a woman I knew extremely well, came and asked if there had been such a pair of buckles brought to be pledged: she gave me a very good description of them: I asked her a good many questions, whether she suspected a man or a woman? she said, she suspected a man. I asked what sort of a man; she gave me a very just description of the man that brought them, which was the prisoner. I bid her send the prosecutor to my house; when he came, he gave much the same description of the man and the buckles, as she had done before. I bid him go and find the man, and produce him to me, and I would help him to the sight of the buckles. It is customary with many, if they can but get their goods, they don't care what becomes of the thief. They found him the next day, and I was sent for. I went with the buckles in a paper in my hand: when I came there, said the prosecutor's landlord, the man is in the room, which is he? the prisoner was stooping on the table; he looked up with his hand over his face; said I, that is the man: the prisoner held up his hand, like threatening me, and swore, if I said so again, he would knock me down, and called me villain, and other bad names. I asked the prosecutor if these were his buckles, and shewed him them; the landlord and landlady said they had had them in their possession, and declared those were not the buckles; so said the prosecutor. I said, be kind enough to send for my apprentice (They accused me with changing the buckles, which I scorn upon any terms to do.) I sent for my boy; he came in, and pitched upon the prisoner, as soon as he came into the room.
Joshua Hide . I am constable. On the 18th of January, between 11 and 12 at night, two men came to the watch-house at Queenhithe, and desired I would go with them to the Feathers; I went there, and the prosecutor gave me charge of the prisoner for stealing a pair of silver buckles; after that, the prisoner desired the prosecutor to go into a back room, and me along with him. We went in; then he said, Tom, how much do I owe you? the prosecutor said, the buckles cost 27 s. and he owed him 8 s. 3 d. besides, which made 35 s. 3 d. he said, if he would let him go, he would pay him the money in a fortnight's time; that he was no the thief, but knew who did steal them. I came out of the room, and left them there by themselves.
Q. to Prosecutor. What is your landlord's name?
Prosecutor. His name is Holland.
Q. How long have you lodged there?
Prosecutor. Four or five years.
Q. How long has the prisoner lodged there?
Prosecutor. I believe not above three months.
My landlord and the prosecutor came to me on Wednesday in the afternoon, where I was drinking part of a tankard of beer; my landlord said he wanted to speak with me. I went out with him; he said, do you know any thing of Tom's buckles? I said, no. He said, go along with me, and clear yourself: accordingly I did. When I came to the Feathers, in the street where my landlord lives, he went and fetched Mr. Davidson. When he came in, I heard my landlord say, that is Mr. Cook: as soon as Mr. Davidson looked at me, he said, that is Mr. Cook that I bought the buckles of; upon that, I was a little enraged; I never was in his shop in my life-time; he never bought a pair of buckles of me. They sent for a constable, and I was sent to the Compter. I do not remember my saying I knew the thief, or any such thing. The prosecutor mentioned the price of the buckles, and the money I owned him, and put them all together himself.
Guilty . T .
John Lockart , being in a certain ship, called the Devonshire, lying on the river Thames , Jan. 7 . *
John Lockart . The prisoner and I both belonged to the Devonshire, a merchant ship ; she lay at Stone-stairs, by Ratcliffe-cross . On the 7th of January, I lost two guineas, two dollars, and all my cloaths ( mentioning the things in the indictment) out of my chest, on board; I had seen them that night, before I went to sleep: the prisoner at the same time ran away from the ship, and our captain took him about eight days af ter. He had one of my jackets, and my breeches on, when taken; he owned he had sold all the other things, and shewed me the houses where he had sold them, in Rosemary-lane.
Darias Vaughan. I am a seaman, on board the same ship; I know the prosecutor lost the things mentioned, and he has got the jacket and breeches again; I know they are his property.
Hugh Hunter . I am master of the vessel. I took the prisoner this day fortnight, as I was coming to the 'Change, after he had been absent a week. I saw the jacket and breeches on him, and know them to be the prosecutor's property.
Prosecutor. This is my jacket which I lost, with the other things.
Q. What did you give the prisoner for them?
A. Perry. I gave 20 s.
Q. Where do you live?
A. Perry. I live in Rosemary-lane: my husband is a watchmaker, and deals in silver.
I went to ease myself in the steerage; a man came and took the things away in a handkerchief, about five o'clock in the morning. I did not know what vessel he belonged to; he had a large boat; he gave me these things to put on my back; I had seen Lockart with them on, but I was afraid to deliver them to him.
The Act of Parliament specifies, if a person steals goods, wares, or merchandize, to the amount of 40 s. it is a capital offence; but the two guineas could not be considered as merchandize. The jury found him Guilty. 34 s. T .
170. (M.) James Wharton was indicted, for that he, on the king's highway, on Anne Curtise , spinster , did make an assault, putting her in corporal fear and danger of her life, and violently taking from her person two shillings in money, numbered, her property , February 21 . *
Anne Curtise . Last Tuesday, I believe it had gone one o'clock in the day, I was coming from Newington-green ; between there and Islington turnpike, on foot, in the common highway, with Margaret Cadwell , the prisoner at the bar came up and bid me stand; I did not observe him till he came up to us and spoke. I said to her, the good man wants nothing of us; then he repeated the same words a second time. Then she asked him what he wanted, and he said, your money.
Q. Where do you live?
A. Curtise. I live in Johnson's-court, Fleet-street. I am a Temple laundress , and had been with Margaret Cadwell to a boarding school, to pay her daughter's quarteridge. When the prisoner said, your money. Margaret Cadwell said she had got no money. He said, don't trifle, for I'll blow your brains out. I then said I had 2 s. all that I had in the world; you shall have that, and welcome. I was attempting to pull my glove off: he said then to me, don't trifle, but make haste, or I'll blow your brains out, with an oath. Then I gave him the 2 s. and he went away, and was not far from us, when a little lad on horseback came to us (he was going towards Newington). I bid him take care how he passed that man, for he had just robbed me. He spoke to a coachman who was coming to town with a chariot; and there was a man on foot that met the prisoner, just as he went out of the road, over a hedge or gate, into a field; he robbed me in full view of the turnpike. A gentleman came on horseback; he bid the man on foot go over after the prisoner; the man went over after him, and the gentleman and his servant rode round after him, till he was taken. The prisoner walked very leisurely till he found he was pursued; then he ran.
Q. Had he any pistol or instrument?
A. Curtise. I saw only a stick; but he put his hand down to his pocket, on his left side, and held up his stick to the side of my head. When he was taken, he was carried to the turnpike-house; there he offered me my money again, if
Q. How long after you was robbed was it to the time of his being taken?
A. Curtise. This was all not above a quarter of an hour after.
Margaret Cadwell . The prisoner at the bar met the prosecutrix and I, between Newington-green, and Islington turnpike, near the pond in the road. About half way between the turnpike and Islington, I observed him coming along, but did not take any particular notice of him; when he came close to us, I went to give him way, to come by: he bid us stand. I said, What does the man mean? I have got nothing. Immediately I looked behind me, to see if any body was coming: then I looked the prisoner in the face; he said, your money; I said, I had not a half-penny: then he held up his stick, or cane, to our heads; and said, if we did not deliver our money immediately, he would blow our brains out. I said, What do you mean to have my money, whether I have any or no? He twice said, if we did not deliver, he would blow our brains out, fixing his eyes on her the second time. Then Mrs. Curtise said, she had 2 s. she would give him that: she took the 2 s. out of her pocket, and held up to him, and said, if that will content you, it is all I have. He snatched the money out of her hand, and bid us go along silent, and he went away towards Newington, and I walked after him at a little distance; there was a chariot coming along, and a man on foot in the foot way, by the side of the chariot; I walked up to the chariot; the prisoner took over a gate or bank, into a field; by that time I was at the chariot, there came a gentleman and his servant on horseback; they asked what was the matter? I said, that man in a brown coat, going along the field, had robbed us. He ordered the man on foot, named Hecock, to go over the field, after him, and he would ride round the road, and prevent his crossing again; the gentleman rode back, and ordered his servant to follow him; he saw other men, and bid them assist, and at last they took him. I did not see them take him, but am sure he is the man that stopped us. As soon as he was taken, the gentleman sent his footman for us; we went with him to the turnpike-house, at Kingsland; and as soon as he saw Mrs. Curtise, he offered her her two shillings again, and said, it was the first fact he ever committed. I saw the 2 s. in his hand; I can't say particularly his words, but he wanted to be set at liberty.
Q. Mention his words as well as you can.
M. Cadwell. He said, to be sure I have robbed you, and there was the money again, if she would be so kind as to take it.
John Hecock . I am a shagg-weaver, and live at the Green-man, at Ball's-pond, Newington. I was going from thence to Islington, just after one o'clock: about an hundred yards from Ball's-pond turnpike, I met a little boy on horseback; he shewed to me a man, and said, that man had robbed a couple of women; he was not then fifty yards from me. I was not satisfied with what the boy said; I asked where the women were: I saw them, and ran to them, and asked them; they told me the same: a gentleman and his servant came up; I told the gentleman that man had robbed the two women: the prisoner was in the field. The gentleman said, do you follow him: you may catch him before he gets out of the field, and I'll ride round, and give him a meeting. I went into the field; the prisoner crossed the first field, and came to a house they call the Rosemary-branch. I kept about 50 or 60 yards behind him; he crossed the road that leads from Rosemary-branch to Newington, and went over the bank into another field, and crossed one or two fields more, and went towards Kingsland. I was not above 10 or twelve yards behind him, when he got over the last bank. John Waller was coming just to meet him; as the prisoner was on one side the bank, and I on the other, I said to Waller, Stop that man, he has robb'd a couple of gentlewomen; he seemed to shun him, and turn out of the way; Mr. Robertson was coming behind, the prisoner being betwixt us, I jumped over the ditch, and told the prisoner he had robbed two women, and I insist upon taking you. He made no resistance, but said, I'll surrender. We took him to Kingsland turnpike: I searched him, and took a small penknife, and his cane from him. (A small cane produced); this is it: when the prosecutrix came in, he offered her 2 s. again, and begged to be let go about his business: he said, it was the first thing he ever did of that sort, and would never do so any more, if she would please to forgive him.
John Waller . I was afraid the prisoner had fire arms about him, made me give way. I can only give the same account the last witness has. I saw the prisoner produce the two shillings to the prosecutrix.
James Robertson . The prisoner came over the bank, and I catched hold of him; we carried him to the turnpike-house at Kingsland; and searched him, and found only a very little knife, and this small cane about him. I saw him offer the gentlewoman her 2 s. again, and begged to be let go.
Uriah Honyball . I live just by Kingsland turnpike. Seeing a gentleman and his servant coming pretty fast, I said, Open the gate, here is somebody in a hurry; the gentleman said, I am after a thief, I'll pay you when I come back; there is a man on foot after him, and we have surrounded him. I went after him, and saw they had taken the prisoner. They brought him to the turnpike. When the gentlewoman came, he took out two shillings and offered them to her; she refused to take it. I thought by his talk he was not in liquor then, but appeared as if he had been over night. I said, You have been drinking, my friend; he said he had been drinking pretty hard last night.
My father lives in Petticoat-lane, White-chapel: he is a master worsted-maker. I came out of his house very much in liquor. I walked up the road and got more by the way, and was quite out of my senses. I did not know what I did. As I came near these two gentlewomen, I thought they would not give me room to pass.
Q. to Hecock. Did the prisoner appear to be fuddled?
Hecock. He looked as if he had drank a good deal over night; he was stupefied, but I did not take him to be fuddled then.
For the Prisoner.
Richard Saunders . I worked shop-mate with the prisoner at his father's, in Three-ton alley, Petticoat-lane, a worsted-maker. His father bears as good a character as any tradesman in London. The prisoner was very much in liquor last Tuesday, between 11 and 12 o'clock, at my master's house; he had been at his club the night before, that is kept by the wool-combers in Goswell-street, and the next morning he drank a dram or two, and a pot of beer: He went out very much in liquor: He was not at all qualified for his work. If he drinks a little too much, he is as mad as one in Bedlam. When he is sober he follows his work very hard.
Guilty Death .
Recommended to mercy.
171, 172. (M.) John Richardson , and William Hunt , were indicted for stealing one leaden half-hundred weight, value 7 s. and one hundred weight of lead, value 14 s. the property of Anthony Moreland , January 26 . *
Both Guilty 10 d. W .
Christopher Burzeen . On the 26th of last month I went to Drury-lane playhouse ; going up into the two-shilling gallery, in the farther part, there was a great croud of people; much pushing and squeezing before I could get to the bar to pay my money, and receive a ticket: When I had paid, I went into the play-house; in about four or five minutes lafter I was there, I went to see what it was o'clock, and my watch was gone.
Q. When had you seen it last?
Burzeen. The very minute before I went into the house I know I had it. I was at the Mitre in St. Martin's-lane; I had it there in my hand, about a quarter of an hour before I miss'd it. I thought I should have no pleasure in the playhouse, so I went out again, and went to the pawnbrokers to give notice of it; and I advertised it. This was on a Thursday; and on the Monday following it was stopp'd, at Mr. Gunston's, a pawnbroker. Sir John Fielding sent me word of it. I went to Sir John's: there I saw the prisoner and my watch. (Produced in court, and deposed to). When I lost it, it had a silver chain to it, but now it has a steel one.
*** The Last Part of these Proceedings will be published in a few Days.
NUMBER III. PART II. for the YEAR 1764.
Printed for and Sold by E. DILLY, in the Poultry.
King's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol-Delivery, held for the City of LONDON, &c.
Q. WHAT was the name and number of yours?
Burzeen. It was number 496: Name, Roth.
Q. Whether you have not declared, you thought it was a woman and a boy that took your watch?
Burzeen. That I said directly as soon as I came out of the house. There was a woman and a boy were very much pushing at the time I suppose I lost my watch.
John Conyers . On the 30th of January, in the evening, between five and six o'clock, the prisoner brought this watch to me, at my master's, Mr. Gunston's, a pawnbroker, in Germain-street, St. James's: He wanted fifty-five shillings on it; I bid him two guineas. I recollected I had seen such a watch advertised to be stolen in Drury-lane playhouse. Then I went and acquainted my master: He and another man came into the shop and secured the prisoner; and we carried him and the watch to Sir John Fielding .
Q. Did you know the prisoner before?
Conyers. I believe I have seen him once or twice at our shop before.
Q. How did the prisoner say he came by it?
Conyers. He said he bought it of a sea-faring man for 36 s. 6 d.
Q. When you carried the watch to your master, might the prisoner have had an opportunity to run away?
Conyers. My master was at a public-house; but I went back into our back parlour, and so out the back way for him, and there were people belonging to our house in the shop; and I did not tell the prisoner what I was going to my master about; he might think I was gone for the money for him.
All my defence is my innocency. I came very honestly by the watch by buying of it. I was journeyman to Mr. Dawson in Monmouth-street: I had left him about four weeks.
For the Prisoner.
Harrison. A very good character. His father and mother kept a shop in Monmouth-street: She has been dead about three years, and since that he has been with his brother-in-law, Mr. Dawson. He has often been along with me. I should have trusted him very readily with any thing I have, and should have thought myself very safe in so doing.
Q. How long has his mother been dead?
Gofton. About three years. I am very sensible he need never want money; it was only asking any of his brothers, or the last witness, and he might have it.
Q. Did he use to haunt playhouses?
Gofton. No; except he went with his sister, or if his mother has ordered some of the journeymen or me to go with him. He has had a very great education.
Q. Where do you live now?
Gofton. I now live at the other end of the town, but the prisoner has been at places in Rosemary-lane; and it has been in his power to rob his masters was he so inclined; but I never heard any ill of him.
John Salway . I am a victualler. I have known the prisoner full twelve years to the very day of his being apprehended. I never heard a blemish in his character in my life. He lived with his brother-in-law a salesman.
Peter Dawson . I have known him from his infancy. My brother married his sister. He was my servant and had a guinea a week. He never asked me for money but he had it. He was intrusted with 16 or 18 hundred pounds worth of goods. I never missed any thing.
Q. How came he to leave you?
Dawson. He had a difference with a young lad, my apprentice, so he left me last month. He rather chose to deal for himself, in buying and selling leather breeches. If he had wanted five, ten, or twenty pounds, he might have had it. I would take him into my service, and give him a guinea a week now, was he out. He lodged in my house, and always kept good hours. He says he bought this watch at Gravesend.
Kednull Dawson. I was in partnership with the prisoner's mother. The prisoner has been under my tuition twelve years; I have done every thing possible I could for him; I always found him honest. He lived in as much reputation as any gentleman in court. As honest a person as ever was born. I would now trust him with untold gold.
Mr. Smith. I have known him to the time he was apprehended; I have always heard he was a good boy; he always was employ'd.
Mr. Hambleton. I have known him to the time he was apprehended; I never heard any thing ill of his character before this.
Q. to Mr. Dawson. Why is this alias Baker in the indictment?
Mr. Dawson. That is Mr. Fielding's doings, I suppose.
Q. to Harrison. Can you account for it?
Harrison. The prisoner gave in the name Davis because he knew himself to be very innocent. He was ashamed to give in his own name.
Q. How do you know that?
Harrison. That he told me when I asked him about it. His name is Baker.
Q. to Conyers. What name did the prisoner go by when he came with the watch to you?
Conyers. He came to me in the name of Davis.
Guilty of stealing, but not privately from his person . T .
John Benson . I put my boat in at New Temple-stairs, which is between Billingsgate and Bear-key. The prisoner wanted me to carry him over the water. He brought in a firkin of butter. I asked him where he would land? He said, Any where over the water. This was in the evening, about five o'clock, about five weeks ago. As I was rowing him over the water, John Taylor called to me, and ordered me not to row any farther: I ceased rowing: He ordered me to bring the prisoner back; saying to the prisoner, he had got a firkin of butter: The prisoner d - d him, and said, he had got no butter of his. I brought him and the butter back.
Q. How far distance was the cart to where the butter was landed.
Taylor. It might be about 200 yards. When I came to the wharf, I saw a cask of butter lying in this waterman's boat, and the prisoner sitting by it: I called to the waterman, and said, that butter belongs to me, and ordered him to bring it back, which he did. The prisoner said, it is not yours, Jack.
Q. Did you know the prisoner before?
Taylor. He had worked with me several times, but he had not worked for me that day. I got in a boat and met him, and saw S. B. marked on the firkin when we came on shore. While I was taking care of the prisoner, the firkin was thrown to the other eight; then I found nine again; so I can't swear which firkin it was; but I am sure it was one of them.
Samuel Bostock . Taylor was employed by the waterman that brings my butter up when I land it. It was my butter. I know nothing of the robbery. It was consigned to me from Carmarthen, and delivered according to the invoice; all marked S. B.
I was going home on the other side the water. I don't know any thing about the butter, no more than the man in the moon.
Guilty . T .
175. (L.) Ann Baker , spinster , was indicted for that she, together with Ann Hill , James Doleman , and John Wright , (not taken) in a certain alley near the king's highway, on Thomas Porter , did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and violently taking from his person, one guinea, and 12 s. 6 d. in money, numbered, his property , January 8 . ++
Thomas Porter . On the 8th of January, in the evening, I came up the Old Bailey, and called at the Bell, and had a pint of twopenny, near about 7 o'clock. There were a parcel of men drinking in the house; one of them stepped out, and brought in the prisoner and another woman, nam'd Ann Hill: They said one to another, I wish you would give us a dram; said Ann Hill and the prisoner, This gentleman will give us a dram, no doubt, meaning me: I said, I'll give you a dram of gin: No, said they, we drink no gin; we drink rum: Said I, you appear like gentlewomen, take a quartern of rum; I'll pay for it.
Q. What are you?
Porter. I have been a sea-faring man in his majesty's and merchant's service many years. After this, in about half an hour, in came a sort of a gentleman, and swore to the prisoner; and said, You stole a handkerchief of mine, such a night; and fell to laying on her with a rattan: I said, gentlemen, I am not used to such sort of work as this; if she has done any thing amiss, let her be tried by common law; upon that, two men fell upon me unaccountably. The landlady's son-in-law said, Nobody shall use this man ill, (meaning me). Come, Mr. Porter, said he, go home, for here are a parcel of bad people in the house; out at the door I went: I had not gone two doors before the prisoner and Ann Hill ran after me: Said they, now you have seen us righted, we will go to the King's-arms, in the Fleet-market, and there we will bring some people that shall see you righted: They went and brought those two men up that had a hand in robbing me. We had a pot of half-and-half, at the King's-arms, to put themselves in spirits, as they pretended. They came up to the Bell again; there they sell to writing, and taking these men's names down that had used me ill there. After this, said I, gentlemen, I must wish you all a good night; my wife will think I am lost, because I never am out late. Said the prisoner, we have had a good deal of trouble in seeing you righted, we hope you will see us home, to Whitecross-street: No, said I, I am just at home, gentlewomen, I do not think it proper: Said they, we do not like to go home alone: They persuaded me to go with them: I do not know where Whitecross-street is, no more than the dead: They brought me down to Fleet-market again.
Q. Was you in liquor?
Porter. I was very little in liquor. It grew late. I said there, I do not care for staying any longer, nor will I stay. I went out; out came the two women and the two men: Come, said they, this is the last house till we go home; let us have a pot here, (the White-hart in the Fleet-market): Said I, In case you will not drink more, I'll give you a pot. We went all of us there: Said the landlord, I will not draw any of you any beer, except this gentleman, (meaning me). I am a poor man, said I: He brought it, and I paid for it. While we were drinking it, there was a great quarrel in the house: Said the prisoner and Ann Hill, Mr. Porter, don't you stir; these men are fighting one among another; we know them.
Q. How came they to know your name?
Black-boy alley ; I thought it a very nasty dirty place: I said, Where are you going? I don't chuse to go here: Said they, we can go here; why not you? They got to the second turning, at the second door; (this was about a quarter after twelve at night) at that door I have heard since one Harry Barnsley lives: They knocked at his door, and blowed a whistle, that would fright any man, woman, or child. The prisoner says, Doleman was the man that whistled, but I believe it was herself: I found I was beset directly: I turned round, and saw three men, but I can't tell but two that meddled with me, and the two women. I said, for God's sake, Gentlefolks, don't use me ill, upon the account of my family; take my money, I'll freely forgive you: One struck me on the head, and said, God blast you; we will have your money, life, and cloaths, before we leave you. After this, with their striking me over the head, and the women punching me on the stomach, to make me loose my hold, for I had hold of them to keep myself up, the men beat me with sticks, and cut me terribly: At last, one of the men catched me by my legs, and hawled me down; and hawled me from that door to another, and from thence to the corner; the women were down, and held me down, and one of the men took a handful of money out of my pocket, and the other man came with a knife, and our my pocket out. I cry'd out murder, when I found what they were upon, and for help and mercy: the prisoner clapped her hand upon my mouth, and pinched my throat, and said, Blust him, murder him, as he cries cut murder; for we shall be all apprehended. She pinched me very hard, after they got my money; Doleman stamped upon my neck, and shook the money over me in the pocket, and said, You old blackguard, here is your money and your totes, and made the blood fly out of my mouth. I was in a terrible condition, both head and mouth: the prisoner and Anne Hill never quitted me, while the men were robbing me. Somebody opened a door, and some of them fled, and I arose up: the fruiterer's servant, that the prisoner has given an account of, was going to stoop for my hat, I went and pushed him down, his name is John Wright , and I also pushed the prisoner down. I hauled Wright up to Chick-lane, and called for the watchman to assist me: the watchman said. Sir, you had better let him go, for I cannot assist; if I do, we shall be murdered, here is such a number of thieves here: let him go, and go you to St. Andrew's watch-house, and get assistance. I went there, and they told me that Black-boy-alley was in St. Sepulchre's parish; they advised me to go to St. Sepulchre's watch house, and alarm them. I went there, and when they saw me in so bloody a condition, they said, Mr. Porter, we are very sorry this thing has happened, and wished we had known what sort of women they were, then this thing should not have happened. They advised me to go to bed, saying, they thought the thieves were got far enough off by then.
Q. Had you ever seen the prisoner before that night?
Porter. I had seen her and the other woman come in at the Bell in the Old Bailey, two or three times before; the next day, Mr. Chamberline the constable came to me; I was very bad; he said, don't you intend to have these people apprehended? and I said, I ought to do it, to do my King and country service. He told me to go to Sir John Fielding : I told him what had happened, and he granted me a warrant, on the 9th of January. On the 10th, I had two of his men to assist me; they appointed to meet me at the Rainbow coffee-house: that day we took the prisoner at the Bell,
Q. What money was taken from you?
Porter. I had a guinea, and 12 s. 6 d. taken from me. I swore but to 33 s. 6 d. I chose to swear to less than more; there might be more.
Q. Are you a married man?
Porter. I am.
Q. How was you for liquor at the time you got into Black-boy-alley?
Porter. I was hardly at all in liquor then.
Q. Is not that a very dark alley?
Porter. It is; there was never a lamp in it, as I remember.
Q. Are you sure the prisoner assisted in the robbery, as it was dark?
Porter. I am. I knew her tongue very well; she was on my left hand all the time.
Q. You mentioned Doleman and Wright; did you know them?
Porter. The prisoner gave information of them the very night I took her, to me, the constable, and a great many more: she confessed the whole before Sir Robert Ladbroke . When I first took her into custody at the Bell, she said, Blast you, how can you charge me with such an affair, as that? I said, I know you, and can swear to you; I have got your name in the warrant: there were some men in the house offered to rise, and lay hold of me. I said, gentlemen, if you offer to meddle with me, I shall charge you. She said, Doleman was the man that cut my pocket off, and that John Wright and Anne Hill were concerned, and they went and lay together that night, in some place in Drury-lane, and shared the money; she gave us information that night, where we might find John Wright and Anne Hill directly, in Drury-lane, where they shared the money. She said, she and Anne Hill had 6 s. each, and the two men 12 s. each.
Q. What had you said to induce her to give this account?
Q. What words did he make use of?
Porter. He said, Nan, you have been concerned in robbing Mr. Porter, and know who robbed him. She said, yes, I do; it was Doleman, Jack, the fruiterer's servant, and Anne Hill: she did not then know Wright's name: she gave charge for charge, and I was sent to the Compter for thirteen hours and a half, so that I could not go to enquire for Hill.
Q. What after she had made this confession?
Porter. Yes, it was; by the constable, Mr. Kelly.
Q. Did he hear her confession?
Porter. He did.
Porter. There she owned to what she had confessed before; she said, she had not seen these men till the Friday before; that she lay with the men the night they robbed me; but there she said she knew nothing of the money; and that she could say no more than this, that she was an unhappy woman.
Joseph Fleming . I live on Snow-hill. The prosecutor is a lodger of mine, and has been about four years; he has a wife and one child, and has been a sea-faring man the best part of his life; he now works upon the keys, and works a lighter; he is a very honest man, and is seldom out after nine at night: he came home very near one o' clock that morning; his wife came to me for a light, and said, her husband had been used ill. I got up, and went to him; he was lying on his left side, and said, he had been used very barbarously, and robbed of his money, in an alley that two women had carried him down, saying, they were going to White-cross-street; that it was done by Anne Baker , Anne Hill, and two men; he was cut very deep behind his head, and the blood was running: he said, he did not fear but that he should apprehend some of them in the morning: he desired me to go with him to the place that forenoon; I went, and he shewed me the door, which was Bransby's door, opposite the Gutt-house, in Black boy-alley: a woman came out, and said, she heard a man cry out murder, and groan very much. I enquired into the woman's character, and was told, she keeps a very good sort of a house. On the 10th of January, when the prisoner was taken, I was in bed; the prosecutor's wife came up to me, and said, a messenger was sent to her, and begged I would get up (this was about 12 at night) and go to St. Bride's watch-house; I went, and there saw the prisoner and prosecutor. He said to me, that is my lady, that aided and assisted in robbing me. James Glover was in company with her: he said, he was on the outside the door when she was taken, and he was admitted in; he said, Nan, you had better confess who were in the robbery, in order to save yourself. Then she mentioned Anne Hill, James Doleman , and one Jack, a servant to a fruiterer in the New Market, but could not tell his surname: a person said, how can you swear to that? sheRobert Ladbroke , that it was not her, but a man that stamped on the prosecutor's throat.
Q. Does the prosecutor use to carry so much money about him?
Fleming. I have seen him with 5 or 6 guineas at a time; he is in a way of dealing, and commonly carries his money about him.
Q. How came you after that to commit the prosecutor?
Kelley. It was the first night of my sitting, and I was not acquainted with the affair; one said one thing, and another, another; and I did not know what to do, and the woman gave charge for charge. Now I know I was guilty of a fault, but I did not then. I asked her, if she was concerned in the robbery? she said no. I asked her if she knew who did the robbery? she said yes. Then I reached down the pen and ink, and wrote it down from her mouth. I asked her her name? she said Anne Baker , and said one James Doleman and a young fellow, named Jack, a servant to Mr. Emmery, a fruiterer, in the New Market; she mentioned another, but Glover tapped her on the shoulder, then she drew back.
Fleming. Glover has been to the prosecutor, to get him to take money, and not appear against the prisoner: he has been several times to my house about it. I asked the prisoner if she was positive to these two men robbing the prosecutor? she said she would take an oath of it.
Q. Where is that?
H. Bransby. That goes out into Cow-cross; it begins where Black-boy-alley ends: the noise was heard two doors from my door. I was undressed, going to bed; a person knocked at my door, as I was bolting it; but before that, I heard a wrestling, and a man cry murder most terribly; I went to bed directly, being afraid to go out, least I should be served the same. I have lived five years in the place, and never knew it to be so bad as within these two or three months.
Q. Do you know the prisoner at the bar?
H. Bransby. I do not.
Q. What house do you keep?
H. Bransby. I keep a lodging-house; poor people come to lodge for 2 d. and 3 d. a night; chimney-sweepers and others.
Q. to Prosecutor. Can you tell the man that robbed you, by any thing more than that they were at the house drinking in Fleet-market, with the two women?
Prosecutor. I can tell Doleman by his cloaths; I saw them when Mrs. Bransby opened her door.
Q. to H. Bransby. Had you a candle in your hand when you opened your door?
H. Bransby. I had.
I went in at the Bell, about half an hour after six on that Sunday night, and the other woman; this gentleman sat there; he sent a person after me; he made room for me to sit down, and asked me if I would drink, and insisted on my drinking. After that, he asked me what he should give me to lie with me? I said, I never did any such thing; I never made any such bargains in a public-house; he said, a trifle should not part us. In came a man, and gave me a switch with a little thing in his hand; this gentleman arose up, and said, he did not do well in using me so; then a man arose up, and hit the prosecutor a blow: the young man and I went out, and were going down by the side of the Fleet-market; he said to me, we will go into a house, and have a pint of beer; there was Mr. Porter sat in a box, with ten or twelve in company, one of the men came and asked me if I knew who used Mr. Porter ill? I said, I would go and shew him the person. When we came up to the Bell, the man was gone: we had half a pint of rum; then the man came in, and seeing several people there, he went out again directly: then we all came out, and went to the Blue-Anchor, by the side of the market; there we had some liquor: then they began to wrangle, and went out at the door, and fought, and a young man came in all over blood. I said to Mr. Porter, I would not have you go out, I know none of the men, fearing you should come to any harm, and we will stay here; as the gentlemen had been so good as to take his part, he would not leave them; every one of them left the house. Mr. Porter and I, and the other woman sat together in a box; he would not go away. Then the man of the house said it was very late; then we went out, and there were some watchmen took us all up, and had us to the watch house: they asked me where I lived? I said, in White-cross-street; so said the other woman. Mr. Porter said, he would go with us, and lie with us both: we had hold of his arm; he told the watchmen he was going along with these women, and desired them to let him in when he came back; he
Guilty . Death .
176. (L.) John Franklin was indicted, for that he, together with divers others, to the number of 500 and more, on the 3d of December , did riotously assemble together, in order to disturb the public peace, when the Honourable Thomas Harley , and Richard Blunt , Esqrs . sheriffs of the city of London, were in the execution of their office, to cause a certain printed paper, called the North-Briton, No. 45. to be burnt, pursuant to an order of both Houses of Parliament; and did wickedly and riotously make an assault at and against the said Thomas Harley , and divers hard pieces of wood and dirt did cast and throw; by means whereof the glass of his chariot was broke, and he received a wound in his forehead; against his majesty's peace, his crown and dignity .
This being an offence committed against the sheriffs of London, whose province it is to order the summoning of the juries, a jury to try this was summoned by the coroner.
Their names are as follow:
Q. Is this a true copy?
Mr. Partington. It is. I examined it at the House of Lords, with the Clerk, by the Lords journal. It is read to this purport;
"Thursday, December 1, 1763.
Resolved, by the Lords spiritual and temporal, and Commons, in Parliament assembled, that the printed paper, intitled, The North-Briton, No. 45. be burnt by the hands of the common hangman, on Saturday next, at the Royal Exchange; and that the sheriffs of London do attend, and see it burnt accordingly, &c."
The Hon Thomas Harley , Esq; I am one of the sheriffs of London. In pursuance of this, I attended with Mr. Richard Blunt to put this order in execution, at the Royal Exchange: when we came into the entrance of Cornhill , we found a great number of people assembled together; this was, as the order mentions, about one o'clock; there was a great noise, by hissing, and the like, which in a great degree prevented my getting up to the place where the fire was made for burning the paper before the Royal Exchange. Not being able to get up to the place, I got out of my chariot, and went to the place where the fire was made; during that time, there was a great deal of noise, and pelting a'vast deal of dirt: but notwithstanding that, I read this order of the house, and then gave the paper, Number 45. of the North-Briton, with my own hand, into the hand of the executioner, which he then attempted to light; but the wood being wetted by the dirt, that had been thrown, it did not catch fire so proper as it should; so there was a difficulty in lighting the paper to make it burn, which caused him to put it upon a link: I saw him put it upon the link, and when I thought it was sufficiently consumed, I returned to my chariot. When I was in, I ordered my servant to turn about and go home; but the people pressed to close upon the horses, they would not suffer them to turn. By the time I got into my chariot, the people had broke in upon the constables, who guarded the fire; they took up the billets that were to compose the fire, and threw them at the horses and coachman, and one of the billets came directly on the fore glass, and broke it to pieces.
Q. How near might your chariot be then to the fire?
Mr. Harley. About twenty yards. Perceiving this, I thought it the best way to get out of the chariot; there was a great deal of glass stuck in my face: I walked to the Mansion-house, and after I had been there a little time, the constables brought in the prisoner at the bar; he was there examined, and committed. I can say nothing as to him.
John Bates . On Saturday the 3d of December last, I was going along the Poultry, and saw the Sheriffs going towards the 'Change; I followed the chariots to see what was going to be done: when I came pretty near the 'Change, Mr. Sheriff Harley's chariot stopt; Mr. Cook, the city-marshal, went
Q. Did you know him before?
Bates. I never saw him before, to my knowledge; the mob gave way at the right hand side, and he was plain fronting me, about 5 or 6 yards distance.
Q. What do you mean by the mob giving way?
Bates. That was by the sheriff's chariot drawing up; the sheriff seeing he could not get so near the fire as he would. he got out of the chariot; the constables that were upon duty, were fighting with their staffs: I saw the sheriff go towards the fire, and another gentleman with him; he had been there about six minutes, or hardly so long: he came back with some mud on his head, he got immediately into his chariot; the horses were going to turn round: when the chariot was upon the lock, the front of it was pretty near fronting the prisoner at the bar; the prisoner was directly fronting me; the faggots were thrown about, and I saw the prisoner take one of the faggot-sticks, and throw it immediately at the chariot, with a hissing, and crying out, D - n him, kill him, or kill them: then he and the other young fellow began hallowing.
Q. Did you see what became of the stick?
Bates. No, I did not. I saw the sheriff come out of the chariot, with his face bloody; I heard the glass fly; Mr. Cook was by him; the glass was broke by that same billet, and there were several more sticks thrown at the time, I am positive the prisoner threw the first stick that I saw thrown; there was a deal of dirt thrown.
Q. Did you see the stick go to the glass?
Bates. No, but the glass clattered directly.
Q. Why do you say this stick broke the glass, when you say there were other sticks thrown at the same time?
Bates. Several other sticks were thrown at the coachman and horses; several hit the coachman.
Q. Did you see the prisoner taken?
Bates. No, I did not. The prisoner owned before my Lord Mayor, and Mr. Sheriff Blunt, that he threw mud.
Q. What are you?
Bates. I am a ticket-porter, and live in Snow's-fields. I am a house-keeper.
Q. Whether you attended by meer accident, or whether you went designedly?
Bates. I was there accidentally; I had no notice of the thing, any more than of my dying day. I did not know what was to be done at the 'Change.
Hugh Davidson . I am constable for the ward of Queenhithe. That day I attended on the sheriffs, by the beadle's order, at the burning the North-Briton; the sheriff's chariot was just come; there was a croud of people; I got near the chariot-door, before Mr. Alderman Harley got out of the chariot: the faggots were rather billets, and were wet, they would not light; the crowd forced the constables out of their order; the prisoner and two more were coming forwardest; they took up mud several times before the billets were lighted, and threw it. I advised them to be cool: just as sheriff Harley came out of his chariot, the mob hissed prodigiously. I saw the prisoner take up dirt, and when they began to throw the faggots, I received a blow on my forehead, which knocked me down, and gave me a cut there, which appeared some days after.
John Spendilow . I was there a constable. I was ordered by the beadle of Farringdon without, to attend, and was there half an hour before the faggots were brought; as soon as they were brought, I observed mud and dirt thrown pretty thick; in a short time after, I saw the sheriff's chariot coming up; upon which, the pelting increased, and his horses could not get up: there was such a hissing, and shouting, and pelting, the horses started. I saw the chariot door open, and I went and attended the sheriff to the place, with others that stood by, while he read the paper; I could hear him speak the words, and saw him give the paper into the hangman's hands; and when it was burnt, I helped him into the chariot, under his left arm; after that, I saw the chariot-glass broke, and saw him get out again, his face was bloody; the first stick that I observed, hit the footman behind, the next stick broke the glass; upon which, the sheriff got out, and turned up by the piazzas; then Mr. Owen said, that is the man that broke the glass, pointing to the prisoner; I took him, and carried him to the Mansion-house, and heard him own to Mr. Alderman Blunt he threw mud. When they called to know, if any body knew any thing of the prisoner? there was Mr. Bates (whom I had never seen before); he said the same there, as he has here; I know of no variation at all.
James Owen . I am a bricklayer, and live in Gravel-lane, Hounsditch. I was a constable, ordered there by the beadle, to attend the burning the North-Briton; there was such a mob, I could not stand where the faggots were to be lighted; I got away, and stood till Mr. Harley came in his chariot; the mob was so great, he was forced to
I was coming through the mob, and was taken as one of the rioters; but as to what Bates and the rest have said, it is entirely false; I am ready to ask the court pardon. I had not been in town above a fortnight; I came from Norfolk; I was apprentice to a grocer and haberdasher, and came here to seek employment. I came a passenger from Yarmouth; Mr. Wescote can prove it.
For the prisoner.
John Wescote . I live in Cannon-street. The first knowledge I had of the prisoner, was about 19 years ago, when he was an infant; I never saw him here before the day fortnight before the burning of the North-Briton: he first addressed himself to me when he came to town, as he told me; his parents live at Stetford in Norfolk; his mother is a relation of mine, and at that time was in very good reputation.
Q. What are you?
Wescote. I am a merchant. He addressed himself to me, for employment of any kind I had for him.
Q. Are you certain he was fresh come to town?
Wescote. I firmly believe he was. I procured him employment to be steward to a West-India-man; he left the captain and me about half an hour before the burning of the North-Briton, with intent to embark on the Monday morning; it was not more than an hour, before he was going to buy some necessaries, in order to embark; the ship went down the river the Monday morning following: I have had an opportunity of hearing of him since. I never did hear any thing much amiss of him. I verily believe he had no kind of intention at that time he left me; if he had any, it must be an extreme confused one; I always looked upon it as a matter of mere inconsiderateness: he told me, the mob would have broke his head, if he had not joined them.
Guilty . Im. P.
Charles Cotton . The prisoner is servant to a person I employ at my Chambers, in the Temple. I lost the things mentioned in the indictment; the china cup and tea-spoon were taken from a locker under the window, in my bed-chamber: I saw them on the 11th of December, and missed them on the 16th. I could suspect nobody but the prisoner: upon asking her about them, she confessed to me she had taken the buckles, and afterwards to the constable, and likewise before Mr. Alderman Cokayne. She said, her mistress had sent her of an errand, and she had lost a shilling of the money, and she stole these buckles, in order to replace the money, and then intended to have put them in their place again. She always denied taking the other things, though I have been told she pawned them only for a shilling.
Thomas Snelling . The prisoner was brought to St. Dunstan's watch-house, by Mr. Cotton, and charged with having stole a silver tea-spoon, and a pair of silver buckles: she in my hearing, did acknowledge she had taken the buckles, but absolutely denied knowing any thing of the spoon; she said, she had lost a shilling of her mistress's, and she being a very severe woman, she pledged the buckles, in order to get a shilling, and did intend to replace the buckles again.
Q. to Prosecutor. How long has the prisoner been about your chambers?
Prosecutor. The first was about September was twelve months; but she has several times left her mistress, and has been taken in again. I never missed any thing before this.
My mistress is a very unworthy woman: she sent me of a message that I am ashamed to speak before the court. I dropped a shilling, and I dare not go home without the money, for she has beat me several times. I went to the gentleman's chambers, and took the buckles, and went and pawned them to get the shilling: I told my Mrs. afterwards that I had done so. She said I should not get any anger by it.
178. (L.) John Rimington , otherwise Ringtail , was indicted for stealing ten pair of worsted stockings, value 30 s. the property of John Beestone , privately, in the shop of the said John February 8 . *
Thomas King . I am a journeyman to Mr. Beestone, a hatter and hosier , at the corner of Sadler's-hall, Cheapside . On Wednesday, the 8th instant, about 7 o'clock, I was sitting in the shop; the prisoner came in, and reached at the goods, which then lay in the window, which is sashed; he could reach them by putting one foot on the threshold: On seeing him, I said, Hey! What are you at? He took no notice, but still kept reaching: I then called, Stop Thief. He took the goods mentioned in the indictment, and carried them clean off. I quitted the counter and pursued, but lost him. The constable and another man took him the next day.
William Marks . I am constable. On the 9th of this instant, I met the prisoner and evidence, (Davidson) in Lombard-street, the prisoner being discharged out of New-prison but a fortnight before. He had a bundle in a handkerchief. James Grief was with me. He said, Let's see what they have in that handkerchief: The prisoner said it was only dirty linen: He opened a bit of the handkerchief, and I saw stockings; there were 7 pair. Then I went and took hold of Davidson. Grief secured the prisoner. We took them before my Lord Mayor. About a quarter of an hour afterwards Mr. King came in, upon hearing there was a person taken with stockings. The seven pair were laid before him; he took out one pair from the rest, and said he could swear to them; they had been old shopkeepers. (The stockings produced in court. King takes up one pair.)
King. These I can swear to as my master's property; they have been soiled in lying in the shop: I put these in the bundle among others; I believe they are all my master's property, but cannot so particularly swear to their marks. They were both committed to the compter. There I went afterwards and saw Davidson; he wanted to impeach, or, he said the prisoner would impeach him; so I took him again before my Lord Mayor, and he owned to the taking the stockings.
George Davidson . I was with the prisoner when he took these stockings out of the prosecutor's shop, on the 8th of this month, about 7 o'clock. There were ten pair of them. He said, when we were got home, he lost seven pair of them, by running cross the way, or in getting up behind a coach: But, after a little while, he sent out two pair by a woman that he kept company with: She sold them for two shillings. After that, he said, I will not slang you out of them; I had ten pair. The next morning he sent her out with another pair, and she sold them for thirteen pence. The seven pair were in his handkerchief when we were taken: Those produced are they.
I am very innocent about the things. This lad will swear my life away.
Guilty of stealing, but not privately in the shop . T .
179. (M.) Elizabeth Glascow , spinster , was indicted for stealing one pair of laced ruffles, value 5 l. the property of Hannah Crosby , and Ann Crosby , spinster s, privately, in their shop , January 14 . ++
Hannah Crosby . I am a milliner , in partnership with my sister, Ann Crosby . On the 14th of January, between 7 and 8 in the evening, the prisoner came to our shop, and wanted to look at a Sattin bonnet: I shewed her one: After that she looked at some cloaks: She bid two guineas for a sattin cloak; I said I could not take under three; she said she would consider on it, and come again on Monday morning, as we had agreed for the bonnet. I had a very fine pair of laced ruffles, that I had made up for the queen's birth-day, which hung upon a line in the window; I went to open a glass-case, and, on turning my head about, I miss'd the ruffles; I immediately took hold of her cloak, and said, you have robbed me of a pair of Dresden ruffles: She had her hands under a long black cloak; she turned herself aside, and said, I have not your ruffles; don't go to say that I have your ruffles. She was then on the threshold of the door; then she had, as I thought, an opportunity to drop them: I kept hold of her arm and cloak and pulled her, and said she should go into the back parlour: She did not seem unwillingSir John Fielding . She told me she was a girl of the town, and had been but four days in town. She said her name was Glascow: The justice's clerk asked her how long she had been of that name; he said she had been in custody before. She was there desired to turn her pocket; she did, and there was not a halfpenny-piece in it.
I went into the shop to buy a hat; she asked eight shillings for it; I offered her seven: She went and put up the bonnet, and said, Where are my ruffles? I said, I had none: She put me in the parlour, and slapp'd my face, and used me cruelly; and after that she found her ruffles.
Prosecutrix. I no ways used her ill.
Guilty 4 s. T .
180, 181. (M.) Isaac Usher , and Richard Hitchins , were indicted for stealing (in company with Nathaniel Lee , not taken) 79 hats, value 39 l. three gold-laced hats, value 38 s. two linen bags, value one halfpenny; one leather pocketcase, value one penny; three ounces of gold lace, value 10 s. one pair of gloves, value 10 s. fourteen guineas; one 27 s. piece; and eighteen shillings in money, numbered; the property of Richard More , privately in the shop of the said Richard , November 17, 1763 . *
Richard More . I now live in Great Eastcheap: I did keep a shop in Lombard-street, under St. Edmund's church , till the 24th of December, 1762. On the 16th of November, 1763, I left the shop safe, about a quarter after 8 at night. My business was a hatter and glover . I secured it safe with a spring lock, and a padlock on the outside. The next morning, according to usual custom, the person that went on my errands, sent a little boy to inform me my shop door was open. I went there, and found the hasp belonging to the padlock broke in three pieces; the lock of the door I could not find was at all damaged; I imagined it was opened with a picklock.
Q. Where did you then live?
More. I then lived in Great Eastcheap. I found my till turned upside-down upon the counter. I miss'd a little bag, and 14 or 16 guineas and a moidore, which I had had in my hand about the middle of the day before; I also miss'd another bag, containing about 18 or 20 s. a little pocket-case, and a paper bag, containing some remnants of gold lace; I also miss'd 79 hats, or more, and three gold-laced one's, and four or five dozen of gloves. I never saw the two prisoners to my knowledge till last Monday was fortnight, when Sir John Fielding sent for me: The prisoners were then at his bar: There William Steers said, he bought eighty hats at 8 in the morning, on the 17th of November, 1762, of Hitchins, and one Watson. Steers said, he was a weaver, and lived in White-lion yard, Spital-fields: This he said to the prisoners faces; and that he paid the money at two payments, 15 l. at each time. The prisoners both denied it before Sir John, and said they knew nothing of Steers. Steers produced three hats there, to see if I knew them: (produced in court, one gold-lace the other two plain) These are the same. I told Sir John I believed the goldlaced one was mine, one that I lost that night. I ripped-open the linings of the two plain ones, and found the marks, made with tobacco-pipe clay, was rubbed out. but there was the maker's name, what we call a burnt in mark. (He shows the letters J. O. on the inside of one of them.) The maker's name is Beesley; he has made many hats, with the same mark, for me.
Q. Have you sold all you made with that mark to the prosecutor?
Beesley. No, I sell to many people with the same mark.
William Steers . I am a weaver, and live in White-lion yard, Norton-falgate Some time in November, I believe the 17th, 1762, Hitchins came to me, about 8 in the morning: I was in bed: He told me he had a quantity of hats to sell. I went with him to his house, which formerly had been a house of mine. He shewed me the hats in a chest in a back room: There were fourscore or more of them. He asked me 40 l. for them; we agreed for 30 l. I told him I would meet him the same evening, at the King's head, in Leaden-hall-street, where he said Watson, Lee, and Askur, would be. I went there; they were all together.
Prosecutor. I told Sir John Fielding , if he would let the gold lace be stripped off, he would see the hat had been cut less, and it would appear white on the edge; which it did. That hat I had lately done up, and pared the edge before the lace was set on.
I know nothing of Steers; I never had any dealings with him.
I know nothing of Steers, only that I rented a house of him: I know him to be a Spital-fields weaver; I have bought a silk handkerchief of him for my wife.
Usher called nine people, and Hitchins two, to their characters; who said, they paid them honestly.
Usher Acquitted .
Hitchins guilty of stealing, but not privately in the shop .
See Steers tried, No. 19, in last mayoralty.
182. Richard Hitchins was a second time indicted for stealing, in company with Thomas Collins , not taken, a pocket-book, value 12 d. and seven bills of exchange, value 229 l. 19 s. the property of Benjamin Wright , privately from his person , December 9 . +
Benjamin Wright . I keep an Oil-shop in Grace-church-street. On the 9th of December last, I had occasion to go to the Bank to meet a gentleman, with whom I had left seven bills of exchange, to the amount of 229 l. 19 s. This was a quarter after one o'clock: He was to get my bills discounted by another gentleman. He said the gentleman was in a great hurry, and could not give him an answer. He delivered me my bills again; I put them into my pocket-book, and into my left-side coat-pocket. I thought I saw a man like Parsons, the evidence, a little way from me, at the time I put them into my pocket. I came out, and went into Threadneedle-street, and saw a man standing at the print-shop, at the corner of the change, by castle-alley, and another man went up to him; they joined company, and went into Castle-alley together. When I entered the alley, these two men were going about three yards before me; when I came to the bottom of the alley they made a stop by the pitching-block; I turned up on the south side the 'Change, and crossed over to 'Change alley. Just as I was entering ' Change-alley , Parsons brushed in before me along with another: then I began to take notice of him: when we were all together in the alley among the brokers, I found myself shoved there: We past the brokers, and I went up towards Garraway's coffee-house. I got by Parsons. They gave a run by me at Garraway's, and continued before me to Lombard-street. They made a stop at the bottom of 'Change-alley, in Lombard-street, and I past them. I was going to my house in Gracechurch-street. When I got a little way from 'Change-alley, Parsons and the other man were behind me; then Parsons gave a run by me again, and came into the road before me, and went a little farther, and stopt at a post, and set out his backside; I brushed briskly by him, and took notice of him, and thought it very strange a man should stand in that posture. I looked back to see what posture I left him in, and walked forwards, about twenty or thirty yards; then he brushed by me again as before. I gave a look at him; he passed by me again, and about twenty yards he set himself over a post as before; I then gave two shoves before I could get by him; the other man was close behind me at the time. I was a good deal provoked in my mind to think he should stand so twice. He looked down the street, as if he wanted somebody. I passed on, and thought he should not have an opportunity to get by me again. When I got pretty near the end of Lombard-street, there were three or four coaches standing one behind another: Just before I came to the first coach, Parsons brushed by me a third time, in the same manner: The coach stood close to the post, and he placed himself over a post close to the coach: I gave three shoves, and had a great deal of difficulty to get by him. I felt somebody behind me; then, before I had past ten yards, I miss'd my book with the bills in it. I was in a prodigious agitation of mind. I recollected it must be them that had got it.
Q. Where had you felt it last in your pocket?
Wright. I had felt it in 'Change-alley. Then I went to the Bank, and told the case; and if they suspected any body, to send for me. On the 14th of December, they suspected a man there,Thomas Collins , and Richard Hitchins ; and that Hitchins was the man that took my book out of my pocket while he stood before me; and that they went down Clement's-lane, and into Cannon-street with it.
Q. Did you ever get your bills again?
Wright. Yes, a neighbour of mine brought the book to me, and all the bills in it: He said his servant was at work in the cellar, and the book came tumbling down the window. The bills are all now paid. (The book produced.) Parsons is now here to give evidence against the prisoner.
Q. Have you any witness of credit that can confirm the account he can give?
Wright. No, I have no other witness.
Q. Can you yourself say any thing to the prisoner?
Wright. I cannot.
The court did not think it proper to examine Parsons.
See him tried before, No. 279, in Mr. Alderman Blakiston's mayoralty, and cast for transportation.
See Parsons tried, No. 291, in last mayoralty, for a crime of the same nature.
182, 183, 184, 185. (M.) Isaac Usher , (a second time) Philip Abrahams , otherwise Scampy , Richard Munday , Joseph Taylor , otherwise Turner , and John Carpenter , otherwise Huckle , were indicted for stealing (together with William Hays , James Lawler , and Edward Roach, not taken) a gold watch, value 5 l. and a cornelian seal, set in gold, value 20 s. the property of Andrew Trembley , January 19 . ++
Andrew Trembley . On the 19th of January I was in Cranebourn-alley , about 6 in the evening, there came eight or ten men, and pushed me into the middle of the street: I fell down; they surrounded me; my watch, a gold one, was gone in a minute: I believe Munday was one of them, but I will not swear to him: When I was at Justice Fielding's I fixed my eye upon him; and said, I believed he was one of them.
Trembley. I believe there were about eight of them, but I did not count them.
Q. Had you taken any notice of these men before you was pushed down?
Trembley. I did not particularly; but it immediately struck me, when at Sir John Fielding 's, that that man was the nearest to me before I was pushed down; but, in my hurry, I had not time to observe him: It was a tall man like him. The whole was not above a minute.
Q. Did you ever get your watch again.
Trembley, No, I never did: It was a gold watch, with a green shagreen case, a steel chain, and white cornelian seal, on which my arms were engraved, set in gold.
Francis Parsons . On Thursday, the 19th of January, when the king and queen were going to Covent-garden playhouse, there were Isaac Usher , Watson, Philips, Abrahams, and myself. We went from one Lumley's in Golden-lane, up Fleet street, towards Temple-bar. Usher, I, and Abrahams, had a shilling's-worth of punch at a public-house, between two and three o'clock: I don't know the sign; it is by Chancery-lane end. From thence we went directly to Covent-garden playhouse: This was between three and four o'clock. There we saw Mr. Marsden, and some of Mr. Fielding's people, coming cross Covent-garden. I saw Carpenter; he asked me if I had seen any thing of Munday or Taylor; I said, no: Said he, What do you do here? I wonder you are not among the people: Says I, I have a couple of watches in my pocket. I left him there. Then we went to Kit Andrews's, in Charles-street: We had not been there long, before in came Munday, Taylor, Hays, Carpenter, one Irish Jemmy, and Edward Roach . We had not been there long, before one came in, and said, there was Mr. Fuller in the tap-room; with that, we all ten of us came away directly: We were afraid of him; he belongs to Mr. Fielding's people. We went all together down the Strand, towards St. Clement's church. One of them said, let's turn back to Cranebourn-alley, then we shall see the king and queen go to Leicester-fields; and, if we go there, we shall be pretty sure there will be none of Sir John's people there, and we shall be pretty safe. We all went back, and into Cranebourn-alley.
Q. Did you see the seal?
Parsons. I did not observe that: It was a gold watch, with a box and case in one; with an enamelled dial-plate, and yellow hands.
Prosecutor. My watch, that I lost, was as he describes.
Parsons. We spent a quarter of a guinea, and, I think, six-pence besides: I saw it paid. I believe we had about ten or twelve plates of a-la-mode beef there; we eat them as fast as they were brought up. I don't know which paid: It was proposed, that when the watch was agreed about, it then should be settled. I know we had two quarterns of gin. We came away, just before ten, to Covent-garden, and there we again saw Mr. Marsden; so came away, leaving only Edward Roach, and Irish Jemmey, by the end of Charles-street. The other eight of us went to the house of a woman, whose name is English, near Drury-lane playhouse, where we had not been long, before Mr. Fielding's people came in, and took us all but Watson. Hays got away as we were going to Justice Fielding's. I saw Isaac Usher drop something by his heel; what it was, I do not know. We had them among us to buy what we got, that is, Watson and others. We were all upon a fair footing; the money was to be divided equally among us; that is, all that are in company; except they have a mind not to tell them of it; sometimes they do not tell of all they get. We are not always true to one another.
Moses Barnard . I did not take any particular notice of the day of the month, but, about a month ago, I happened to be at the Cock alehouse, by Temple-bar; I had three pennyworth of rum and water. I did not stay ten minutes. As soon as I came out, I met Usher, Abrahams, and Parsons the evidence. I asked Usher to drink a glass of punch; he said, he would, and went in with me, and Abrahams and Parsons followed us. I believe I have known Usher ten years: I had a good opinion of him; I never heard any harm of him in my life. He is a Jew, and so am I.
Q. How long have you known Parsons?
Barnard. I have known him some time.
Ann Barber Suken . I am servant at the Black Prince in Chandois-street. I remember the night the Prince and Princess of Brunswick went to the play. I don't know any of the prisoners, but remember eight or nine people being up-stairs at our house that night, eating a-la-mode beef, and paying a quarter of a guinea in gold, and a shilling. They had two quarterns of gin.
Q. Were they served with each man a separate mess, or in common.
Suken. In common. There were ten plates of a-la-mode beef.
Q. What day of the week was it?
Suken. It was on Thursday night.
William Smith . I am a constable. On Thursday, the 19th of January last, the day his Majesty, and the Prince and Princess of Brunswick, went to the play, I was at the apprehending seven men, at a house in Russel-street, two doors below the blue posts; the five prisoners, the evidence, and another that got away, named Hays. They were all in company, and I think they had a bottle of wine before them on the table. We carried them to the Blakeney's head, and put them in a room all together. There were six of us, and seven of them.
Michael Mackabey . I was in Russel-street when some people were apprehended there on a Thursday night. I was desired to go and put up the window shutters at the house where they were taken out. The woman of the house, whose name is English, went out and left me to take care of her house, and not stir till she came in. She did not return that night. I fell asleep upon a chair. About 7 or 8 in the morning I took down the shutters, and saw a handkerchief under a chair, with a watch appearing out of it. I went to the Angel, in Charles-street, and enquired for her. She came home, and took up the handkerchief. There were two silver watches, and two covered, like leather; (they were yellow ones); and another in a woman's glove. I do not know what became of them.
Thomas Stainpart . I was along with Smith and others at the apprehending the prisoners and evidence, in Russel-street: There was another of them, but he got away from me.
Richard Fuller . I know all the prisoners, and Parsons also. About 5 o'clock, the night the Prince and Princess of Brunswick went to the play, I saw Parsons, Usher, and I believe every one of the prisoners, at Andrews's, in Charles-street.
I was not at any of them places. I belong to a club in Panton-street; I was there. I went to the play with Abrahams. After that, he said, I have got a little money to receive, come along with me. We went to that house, and were not there above two or three minutes, before Mr. Fieldings men came and laid hold of us, and carried us all away to the Blakeney's head; there they stripped and searched us: They took a watch, a pair of silver buckles, and two notes from me: They have been advertised several times: They are my own.
Smith. These things not being owned, I was ordered to deliver them back to the prisoner, which I did.
He called Thomas Baldwin , who had known him nine years; Abraham Cordosa , twelve or fourteen; Febea Philips, fifteen; Elizabeth Barns , fifteen; Samuel Solomon , seventeen; Isaac Pensarve , six or seven; and Mary Eadey , four months; who said, they never heard any ill of him.
I went to the play along with Usher, and took him along with me to this house, as I had some money due to me. I had sold the woman a gown and petticoat. We had not been in the house above three or four minutes, before I saw Munday come in along with a girl. Some gentlemen knocked at the door, and in came Mr. Fielding's men, and took us away.
He called Abraham Cordosa , who had known him a good many years; Samuel Solomon , who had known him eight or nine; William Shepherd , two or three; and William Morgan , 14 months; who gave him an exceeding good character.
I know nothing of Parsons. I was at the play at 5 o'clock, and staid there till it was over; coming out, a young woman asked me to give her a glass of wine; I said, I did not care if I did: She took me up-stairs, and treated me with a pint of wine: When we came down, I treated her with another in the parlour; and had not been there above three or four minutes, before these people came and knocked at the door, and came in and took us away. I never saw Parsons in my life before that night.
I went to Drury-lane playhouse to see the Prince and Princess of Brunswick; after which I went to English's, where I had not been above six or seven minutes, before Fielding's people came, and took me away with the rest.
He called - Aldridge, who had known him two years; Henry Francis , about the same time; James Burdet , about three; Isaac Drain , about two; and Thomas Cutler , between eight and nine months; who gave him a good character.
I was coming out of Drury-lane playhouse: by the Rose tavern, a young woman met me, and asked me to treat her with a glass of wine: We went over to English's, and into a back parlour, and had one pint of wine. Mr. Fielding's men came in as we were coming away.
He called Henry Rogers , who had known him between six and seven years; Elizabeth Yearley , betwixt five and six; Elizabeth Floyd , eight; Sarah Hammond , from a little boy; and - Tompson, about seven months; who gave him a good character.
All five Guilty . T .
See Abrahams tried before, No. 59, in Mr. Alderman Bethell's mayoralty; No. 182, in Mr. Alderman Cokayne's; and No. 190, in Mr. Alderman Jansen's; where Isaac Usher , by the name of Asher, appears to his character.
See Munday tried, No. 203, in Mr. Alderman Bethell's mayoralty, and cast for transportation.
186, 187. (M.) Stephen Blamire , and John Parker , were indicted for stealing 68 lb. weight of beef, value 15 s. twelve lb. weight of pork, two lb. weight of suet, and one stock lock; the property of Thomas Burdett , privately, in the shop of the said Thomas , January 22 . +
Spital-fields market . Between Sunday night, the 22d of January, and Monday morning, my shop was broke open. I lost a great deal of meat. I had a search warrant, and found 76 lb. weight of beef in Parker's shop: I knew it to be my property by the cutting of it; I cut it out myself: And I found in his shop the stock lock of my shop door, which was forced off my door. (Produced and deposed to) There was found dropped in the street, two legs of pork, and some suet, my property.
Daniel Thomas . I am an officer. On the 23d of Jan. in the morning, between one and two, a man came to the watch-house, and let me know some men were robbing a shop. I took some watchmen with me, and went to the prosecutor's shop; Blamire ran out of it; I struck him on the head with my staff; he fell on his knees, and said, he would go with us any where. Parker was taken by the watchmen coming out of the same shop. Blamire said, the first parcel of meat was carried to Parker's shop; where it was afterwards found, and the lock.
The prisoners said nothing in their defence.
Both Guilty 4 s. 10 d.
See Blamire tried twice. No. 6, and No. 303, in last mayoralty; first for stealing a basket of butter, and the last for stealing two geldings.
188. (M.) Martha Sibley , otherwise Johnson , was indicted for stealing a pair of linen sheets, one woollen blanket, and a copper saucepan, the property of John Peddey , being in a certain lodging-room, let by contract , &c. February 20 . *
It appeared the prisoner had been servant to the prosecutors; and knowing the customers, he got empty casks from some, and put clay bungs on them, and carried them to others, and took money of them, as of hear; so, as the casks were not taken away with an intent to steal them, but with intent to afraud and cheat the customers, he was Acquitted .
191, 192. (M.) George Taylor , and Willam Dove , were indicted for stealing a great parcel of houshold goods, wearing apparel, and some money, the property of Alexander Logan , in the dwelling-house of Mary Glass , January 24 . *
Alexander Logan . I came from sea, last November. I took a lodging of Mary Glass , and bought goods of her; (she keeps a broker's shop) which came to about 10 l. and paid her the money, and was to give her half a guinea a week for my fire, candle, victuals, and the use of the room. On the 24th of last January, between four and five in the afternoon, came the two prisoners, and a constable and attorney with them. (Dove was a company-keeper with Mrs. Glass, as far as I understand; sometimes he lived in the house, and sometimes not): Taylor said, all that were in the house, was his property, for he had a bill of sale made to him by Dove. I said, then he had better pay me for my goods: when I first came to the house, I lent Mrs. Glass 20 l. and she gave me some papers, which she had of Capt. Leicester's, at Hull; they were in my chest, in my room, amongst my cloaths; I had also in the chest, a note for 4 l. 8 s. another for 4 l. 4 s. and another for 2 l. 2 s. I had also in the chest two dollars, a pistereen, and seven buttons, all Spanish money; two pair of silver sleeve buttons, and a razor; I saved nothing but what was on my back: I found since, four cheque shirts (which were in the chest when they took possession of all) at a pawnbrokers; they took away also my bed and bedstead, curtains, looking glass, fire-shovel, tongs, stove, and other things: I got a warrant, and took up Taylor, and had a search warrant granted to seach his house; there I found my coat, bed, and chest, but nothing in it; there were three disorderly girls in his house, who were sent to Bridewell; he keeps a very bad house: I found nothing upon Dove. I had been arrested at the suit of Dove, on the 22d of January, for 4 l. 4 s. and I never owed him a half-penny in my life; I never had any thing of him. I regularly paid my half guinea every Saturday, to Mrs. Glass; the other lodgers in the house always paid her. Dove is a labouring-man, at the White-lead-works, Whitechapel: Taylor lives in Buckle-street; he is an officer.
Dove. Logan said, all the goods, and my wife and all, were his; he has taken my wife from me.
Logan. Sometimes by the name of Dove, and sometimes Glass. They never lay together, while I was there.
"January 24, 1764.
These are in his Majesty's name, to require and command you, to bring before me the body of Mary Glass , to answer to all such charges that shall be made against her by William Dove , that he goes in danger of his life, &c.
Signed W. Berry."
Eleanor Norris , servant to M. Glass, deposed to that of the two prisoners coming and taking possession of the prosecutor's goods, and that Dove knew Logan's room, and that the goods therein were Logan's property.
James Bird . Taylor applied to me to go to keep the peace, and one Simpson, an attorney, went with the two prisoners and I, to Glass's house; Taylor executed a bill of sale there; I saw Dove, by the advice of Taylor, break a room door open, I can't say whose room it was; there was a chest in it: they turned every body out of the house, and Dove gave up the bill of sale to Taylor, and Taylor took possession of all the goods in the house.
E. Taylor. I saw Mr. Logan lend some money to Mrs. Glass, upon some writings; and saw him pay part of the money due for things he bought of her; he bought a chair, grate, bed, bedstead, curtains, tongs, shovel, and other things. I paid 2 s. a week for my lodgings; I never paid Dove, I always paid Mrs. Glass.
Eadeth Taylor. I lived at Mr. Taylor's house, and was taken out of it as a disorderly woman; I saw several chests brought to his house, on a Thursday, about the 23d or 24th of January; Dove said, one of the chests was Mr. Logan's chest; Mrs. Taylor sent me with four shirts to pawn that are produced here, which I did, to Mr. Beckworth: I saw a green purse, with several pieces of Spanish money, at Taylor's; there was half a dollar, five bits, a pistereen, half a pistereen, and a pair of silver sleeve buttons: I was a sailor's wife, and have been used to know this sort of money.
Humphry Beckworth. I am a pawnbroker. On the 25th of January, I lent the last witness two guineas on some goods; part of which goods were four shirts like these.
Dove came to me, and said, the prosecutor cohabited with his wife, and he begged I would go and drive him out; so I accepted of this bill of sale. I took a peace officer, and the man that filled the bill of sale, up with me; and Mr. Dove put his hand upon a clock, and said, This I give you, and all above as well as below.
I was married 20 years ago to that woman, (meaning Mrs. Glass) at Edinburgh: I have been in Flanders, in his Majesty's service; and when I came home, we lived together in love, till Logan came to live there: he had her always with him, and neglecting her business. I saw him and her in bed together, and began to be jealous of her: she said I should never lie with her any more, for I had got nothing. I got a warrant for them both; the justice ordered us to go and make it up; after that, I was advised to go and sell all the goods, but I never had a penny of Taylor for them; he and the attorney took upon them to clear me.
Taylor Guilty, 39 s. T .
Dove, Guilty, 10 d. W .
Jane Duglass . Last Tuesday, about seven at night, I was in the Butcher-row, near Temple-bar ; there was a great crowd of people, and the prisoner was behind me; he had a companion with him: the prisoner gave me a shove on one side, and put his hand on my neck, and took my cardinal from my shoulder; then he threw me down; after I had recovered myself, and called Stop thief, he threw the cardinal before him, and the other man took it up, and ran away with it; I should know him again, if I saw him: I never lost fight of the prisoner, till he was taken; I was within 5 yards of him when he was taken; there were some brewers servants putting down beer in Shire-lane; he fell over the ropes, and was there secured: he offered to pawn his coat, or sell a German flute he had, to give me money to buy another cardinal.
John Cowsey . I was in Shire-lane; I heard the cry, Stop thief; the prisoner ran up the lane, and his foot took a rope that belonged to some brewers servants in striking some beer, and down he fell, and I secured him.
The prisoner said nothing in his defence. He called six people to his character, who said, they never heard any ill of him before.
Guilty . T .
194. (L.) Isaac Dukes was indicted, for that he, on the 14th of February , about the hour of 6 in the night, the dwelling-house of William Cook did break and enter, and stealing six yards of linen cloth, value 6 s. 9 d. eighteen yards of other cloth, value 18 s. and three pair of stockings, in his dwelling house . +
Jacob Fell . I live in the Minories . On Tuesday the 14th of February, about six in the evening, there was the prisoner and another man stood in the front of Mr. Cook's window, I heard the glass break, and saw the prisoner's hand come from the window, and a piece of cloth in it; there was a hole broke big enough to put a hand in, his back was towards me; I took him in my arms, and carried him into the shop: he dropped the handkerchiefs, and I took them up. (Produced in court, and deposed to by Mr. Cook.)
I happened to go by, and see it done.
Guilty of felony only . T .
Peter Culver . On the 24th of January, coming along Ludgate-street , I felt something at my pocket; turned about, and collar'd the prisoner, and said, you rogue, you have taken my handkerchief; he had my handkerchief in his hand, and dropped it down. I took him to a friend's house, and got a constable; he was sitting by the stairs, and by him lay all these handkerchiefs, (producing eight) which he had conveyed out of his pockets.
The prisoner said nothing in his defence; he called Mrs. Mead, a watch-spring-maker, with whom he was an apprentice, and had served between five and six years of his time; John Halsey , her foreman; Jos. Fox, a perriwig-maker, and Robert Lee, a taylor, who all gave him the character of a sober lad.
Guilty . T .
196. (L.) Elizabeth Tompson was indicted, for that she, on the 23d of January , about the hour of six in the morning, the dwelling-house of Rebecca Fernandes Nunas , did break and enter, and stealing one blue and gold silk gown, a tabby silk gown, two quilted petticoats, a black velvet cloak, a black silk cloak, a silk bonnet, the property of Sarah Fernandes Nunas ; a silver snuffer-stand, and a quilt, and other things, the property of the said Rebecca, in her dwelling-house . *
Sarah Fernandes Nunas . I live with my daughter, Rebecca Fernandes Nunas , in New Broad-street-buildings . On Tuesday morning, the 23 d of January, my servant came down to my room, and took out the key; I remember her coming in for it. About half an hour after eight, another servant came to me, and said, we had been robbed: I got up, and missed my wearing apparel, a box, and other things, out of a press, that was in the next room to mine; the snuffer-stand was taken out of the parlour; I had seen best part of the things over night. My daughter lost three negligee petticoats, a white sattin petticoat, a yellow sattin quilted petticoat, a crimson sattin cloak, a black silk cloak, a bonnet, and several other gowns; the door was shut, and all the windows; there was no visible place for a person to come in at. My servant absented herse lf, and at night she came and surrendered herself; and owned, she let two people in, and they robbed us; her name is Sarah Beardsley , and she lived with me near two years: I know nothing of the prisoner.
Henry Lyon . I am turnkey in the Poultry-Compter. On the 27th of January, between 9 and 10 o'clock at night, Sarash Beardsley came to me, with three women along with her; she desired me to put her in the Compter, saying, she had robbed the house of Mrs. Nunas, in company with Solomon Barnard (a) and Elizabeth Tompson ; she told me what locks they broke, and how it was done. I said, I dare not put her into the Compter, without I had a charge from a constable. I advised her to go to Mrs. Nunas, and tell her, and then I would accept of her. She went away, and in about two hours after, was brought by a constable.
Sarah Beardsley . On the 23d of January, about 6 at night, after I had done my work, I asked my mistress leave to go out: I went to Jacob Levi (b) in Newgate; the woman at the bar kept company with him: she was there, and lives with him there; I have known her three quarters of a year. I cohabited with Levi 7 years ago, and have a fine girl by him, 15 or 16 years old. She and I came out together; I believe it then did not want above 8 or 9 minutes of 9 at night: Solomon Barnard met us just under Newgate; he went with us as far as Bishopsgate-street; the prisoner and he persuaded me to do this thing: she wanted money to buy Levi off from transportation. He was to come at four o'clock in the morning, and as soon as he saw the light come down stairs, was to give a whistle; then I was to open the door. I lay in bed till it was almost half an hour after six; I went as usual, and opened the latch of the door, my Mrs. drew the lock, and opened her chamber door; I went in, and took the key, and went down stairs immediately. I had a candle with me; he whistled, and I opened the door; there was Solomon Barnard and the prisoner: they came came in, and wanted to have the plate; I said, I could not come at it: the first thing they took, was the strong box, out of my mistress's room; that was carried down into the coal-hole. I gave Solomon Barnard the clever and a square, and he broke it open, but there was nothing in it; he took a tea-chest, and a great many things out of the press: I saw the prisoner tie up a gold embroidered gown; they would have had me stay behind them, and say somebody had come and robbed the house, but I could not face my mistress, so I followed them to St. Paul's church-yard. They carried the things to Mrs. Wood's house, by Black-fryars; Barnard and I carried the things, and the prisoner quitted us, and went to Newgate, to Jacob Levi : the prisoner was to come to Mrs. Wood's, on the Tuesday in the afternoon, but she did not come till the Wednesday; then I saw the things there; I sent Mrs. Wood to the Minories to fetch my gown out of pawn: they were to bring somebody to buy these things; Mrs. Wood took an empty room of her landlady, in her house, where the things were put. Solomon was to bring a person to buy them, and I was to be there, to see I was not cheated; but when I came there, Mrs. Wood went up first, and the door was broke open; she clapped her hands together, and said, D - n my blood, they're all gone; there was nothing left: I believe it was a juggle amongst themselves. Then I went and surrendered myself.
Mary Wood . I live in Black-fryars: I buy and sell old cloaths. On the Tuesday morning, I believe to-morrow will be five weeks, Sarah Beardsley brought some things to my house, wrapped up in a quilt; she was alone; Barnard Solomon came the next day, I never saw him before; I was in bed, and asked who was there? she said, why, don't you know me? then I looked, and knew her face. She said, she had had words at home, and begged I would be kind enough to take an empty room to put her bed into; she gave me a shilling to give earnest: she carried the things into the room, and I never saw the things opened. Solomon came the next day, and asked me if my husband was at home? I said, I had not seen him for 9 or 10 days. He said, Sall had robbed her mistress of a great many hundred pounds, and he would take her to her mistress. She begged and prayed he would not, and fell into a swoon; this did not look as if he was the thief: he said to her, you never could do this your self: she confessed she did it herself, and brought them herself. The prisoner came there; Solomon and she went away together.
John Ward . On the 14th of last month, between twelve and one in the night, the porter brought a basket, and called out watchman; hollo, said I: he said, here is a basket that belongs to Mr. Mott; he is a salesman, and sells goods for the prosecutor; after that, he brought a sack, and pitched it by the basket: he told me they were Smith's.
Prosecutor. The basket contained half a score of turkeys; and the sack, the fowls and ducks mentioned in the indictment.
Ward. In about ten minutes after the sack was pitched, up came the prisoner at the bar; take care of these goods, said he, for they are mine, for Mott. He used to drive a higler's cart from the country, about three years ago: I said, yours,
I went down into the country, to see my father and mother: coming up again, I rode 6 or 7 miles, and walked the rest on foot; the prosecutor walked along with us; when I came to London, I went about my business: the watchman wanted me to give him a guinea and a half, and said, he would make it up. I know nothing of the fowls.
He called Sarah Whitman , who lived in York-buildings, and Richard Collins , a victualler, who deposed, the watchman offered to make it up, in their hearing, for a guinea and half. Peter Weskett , his uncle, Elizabeth Hall, and Henry Whitman , gave him a good character.
Guilty . B .
198, 199. (M.) Richard Sampson was indicted for stealing 7 linen handkerchiefs, value 3 s. and 2 silk handkerchiefs, value 2 s. the property of persons unknown; and John Hodson , for receiving the same, well knowing them to have been stolen , January 26 . +
John Dolan . I know Sampson, the boy at the bar; he was with me, picking pockets, between four and five months ago; he brought me to the gentleman's house, (meaning the other prisoner) the night before we were taken up; we got eleven handkerchiefs of people passing along the streets, and went and pawned them to him. We carried handkerchiefs to him, sometimes three times a week, and sometimes twice a week: he lives in Tyburn-road, but I do not know the name of the street; he never asked us where we came from, or how we came by them. He would lend us a couple of shillings upon a good silk handkerchief, about a yard wide; and a linen one, with no holes in it, he would lend us a shilling upon it; or a white one, with a red border, he would lend us 14 d. if they had holes in them, perhaps not above 3 d. or a groat. Sometimes we have carried six, sometimes four, or three, or two; eleven were the most we ever carried at one time.
Q. How old are you?
Dolan. I am going into 13 years of age, and Sampson is going into 12.
Q. Did Mr. Hodson never express any surprize at your coming at these handkerchiefs?
Dolan. No. When we came before Sir John Fielding , he said, we told him, we got them on board a French prize, out of the hammocks. I never was on board a ship in my life; I don't know how to describe a ship. (He takes eleven handkerchiefs in his hand of different colours.) Here are two very good silk ones. The prisoner and I both went together, and pawned them with Mr. Hodson all at one time, the night we stole them.
Q. How long had you used his shop?
Dolan. About five months.
Edward Wright . I took this boy, Dolan, and asked him, where he used to dispose of his handkerchiefs? he said, he did not sell them, but used to pawn them. Sir John Fielding desired me to go with the boy, in order to redeem them: the boy went, and called for the handkerchiefs; Mr. Hodson brought these eleven down, and I took and tied them together, as they are now. Mr. Hodson said, he knew the lad very well. I took them to Sir John, and desired Mr. Hodson to go along with me. He said, it was common to take things in pledge; Mr. Hodson knew me very well, and told me, he stopped a cardinal, that he suspected to have been stolen, and delivered it to me, to carry with the handkerchiefs.
The two prisoners said nothing in their defence.
Hodson called George Bowles , Matthew Pool, John Smith, Christopher Foss , George Wybourn , Charles Shepherd , Charles Seward , John Sheward , James Napper , Edmund Brathwatt , Thomas Cowen, Joseph Titt, and Elizabeth Winter , &c. who all gave him the character of an honest man.
Samson, Guilty . T .
Hodson, Guilty . Sentence respited .
Mary Heath was indicted for stealing a pair of linen sheets, the property of William Nicholson , in her ready-furnished, lodgings , December 17 . ++
The indictment was wrong laid.
201. (M.) Nathaniel Tenpenny was indicted for stealing an iron axe, with a wooden handle, and a saw, the property of Hugh Bibey ; an iron square, the property of Sampson Joynoff ; and an iron pin , the property of Henry Roidhouse , February 21 . ++
The principal evidence not appearing, she was Acquitted .
John Parker . I live in Rose-lane, Spital-fields . I took the prisoner in, out of charity: he took an opportunity to rob me of the things mentioned. I took him up; he had my shirt on his back, and owned where he had pawned the other things, where I went and found them all.
Guilty . T .
John Brackin . I am servant to Mr. Saunders, an upholsterer , in Great Queen-street, Lincoln's-Inn-Fields . On the 24th of January, after eight at night, we had left work; and the two prisoners (they are two sisters) remained in the shop: having lost many things, I went up the back-stairs to watch them; I saw them both go out of the room where they work, into another room, where the men work, and brought a piece of canvas out of that room. I observed Mary to hold a candle in her hand, to light her sister, and also to watch the maid, who was gone to put a child to bed; then I went down stairs, and lighted a candle, and went up, and asked them what business they had there, after they had done work? they said, they were a going, only they wanted to find a hat. I lighted them down stairs, and saw a corner of a piece of canvas hang below Elizabeth Allen 's cloaths; I took hold of it, and pulled it from her. She ran out at the door, but the other staid: this they had cut from the whole piece, which they had fetched out of the other room, and left it in the other room where they work, which would have betrayed them in the morning. The next morning, we got a warrant, and went to their lodgings, but found nothing. Mary was at home, the other was not. Elizabeth confessed before Sir John Fielding , it was the first fact she ever did.
I found the piece on the stairs, going down.
Elizabeth, Guilty, 10 d. W .
Mary, Acquitted .
206, 207. (M.) James Rockett , otherwise Price , and Timothy Steward , were indicted, for that they (in company with Joseph Redmond , sick in goal) in a certain foot-way, near the king's highway, on John Pennington , did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and violently taking from his person a metal watch, value 3 l. three metal seals, value 12 d. a brass watch-key, value 1 d. three guineas, and five shillings in money, numbered, his property , November 20 . +
The evidences were examined a-part, at the request of the prisoners.
John Pennington . I live at Battersea, and am a plaisterer, slater, and painter . On a Sunday night, about 5 weeks before Christmas, I had been at the Ship, in St. Catharine's: going home to Battersea, between seven and eight in the evening, I met with five men in company. I was a stranger in the place, and asked them the nearest way to Chelsea-collge? one of them said, he was going that way, and would show me: that man was just such a one as the prisoner Steward, but I cannot be positive, for I was a little in liquor; one of them walked along side me, and one or two of them walked on the other side of the way. After they got me to Helvet steps , I was struck over the head, and knocked down. I can't say by which of them: I strove to get up again; they then struck up my heels, and took from me about 3 guineas, some odd silver, and a pinchbeck watch, with a
Q. How many persons robbed you?
Pennington. That I cannot say.
Joseph Lowther . There were five of us: Richard Bevas , Timothy Steward , James Rockett , otherwise Price, and Joseph Redmond , (he is sick in Newgate) and I, went all out, with intention to rob a chandler's shop. We are all sea-faring people. We intended to send Redmond in for two-pennyworths of bread and cheese, and he was to take the till. The people were in the shop, and took care of the door. After that, we walked up Wapping, and peeped into several houses. We met with the prosecutor at the bottom of Nightingale-lane; he asked the way to Chelsea. Rockett stept before him, and said, he has got a watch. He said, I'll show you the way. He was going quite the contrary way, being much in liquor. Rockett ordered Redmond and I to keep off a little while, and go another way and meet them. Bevas and Steward followed behind. We went through Swan-alley, and met them all at the end of Nightingale-lane. The prosecutor said to them, I have no change, or else I would give you something to drink. I went down Swan-alley steps and hid myself, that he might not mistrust, seeing so many of us. They all walked up towards East-smithfield; then I came out, and followed behind. They went down Helvet stairs. As soon as they got him under the gateway, Bevas knocked him down with a poker, which he had from Mrs. Kennedy's house; the second blow knocked him down; then he took his watch. Rockett stood over him. All five of us were close by. I had the watch in my hand as I was going along the New Road. A woman said, next day, the gentleman lost three guineas, but I heard of no money. Bevas dropt the poker while he was riffling him.
George Clemenson . I live in Milk-court, St. Catharine's. I found this poker under my window, on the 20th of November, between 10 and 11 at night; it lay among the snow, and the prosecutor's hat by it. (An iron poker bent produced in court.) I heard no noise till the prosecutor called, Stop thief; he was there; he got up, and said he had lost his watch. I ran, but could not see any body. The next morning I saw blood upon the snow, when I came to open the shutter.
Q. to Lowther. Do you know what became of the watch?
Lowther. Steward sold it for a guinea to a Jew, named Jacobs, as he himself told me, and that Rockett was with him at the time. They did not give Redmond or me any of the money. We went with the constable to look for the watch afterwards, but could not find it; but we found one of the seals, which is now in the constable's hands.
Q. from Steward. How was I dressed?
Lowther. You had Redmond's long cloaths on, which he took from off his back, and I pawned them afterwards to buy victuals.
Q. from Rockett. How came you to know me?
Lowther. By keeping company with Steward on Salt-petre bank. You have been robbing several times with me. I have known you above three or four months.
Henry Jacobs . I live in Wapping, and am a silversmith. The two prisoners sold a watch to my father for a guinea. There were three seals upon it. We got it cleaned up, and delivered it to a person that goes about with a box, and he sold it. I believe we put the seals in the glass-case. There was one seal found, which the prosecutor has sworn to.
Q. to Jacobs. Do you know that seal?
Jacobs. This seal my father bought with the watch. It was a Pinchbeck-metal watch, with a green shagreen case: A great many of the brass pins were out. Steward took it out of his pocket, and Rockett was with him at the time that they sold it.
Prosecutor. This seal is my property; I have had it six years; it was upon my watch when I was robbed of it.
It is a likely story that the prosecutor should lose his watch and his money, after he came out of a bawdy-house in St. Catherine's. The bullies at the bawdy-house might have taken them from him, if he had any. He was obliged to go a-trust for his reckoning, and borrow another shilling to go home with.
Rockett said nothing in his defence.
For the prisoners.
Mrs. Redmond. The prosecutor came to the place where the prisoners are kept, at the beginning
Q. Are you any relation to the prisoner Redmond that is ill?
Mrs. Redmond. I am his own mother.
Both Guilty . Death .
John Hannington . I keep two shops, one in Broad St. Giles's, the other in St. George's, Bloomsbury. On the 19th of January, between 5 and 6 in the evening, I was sent for to my shop in St. George's, Bloomsbury . I found many people round the shop, and the prisoner in it. I can only say the cotton I know, by my private mark, to be my property.
John Shaw . I am servant to the prosecutor. On the 19th of January, I was behind the counter in the shop, in the parish of St. George's, Bloomsbury: between 5 and 6 in the evening, the prisoner at the bar came and broke the window; I heard it, and saw his hand in at the hole; he reached, and took out a piece of cotton. I immediately ran to the door, and called out, Stop thief. I saw nobody pursued that was likely to take him. I ran, and overtook him in about sixty yards. I threw him down: He had the cotton in his arms; as he fell, that was under him. I brought him and that back, and sent for my master. The cotton is my master's property. He said he was drunk, but he ran very fast; he did not appear to be drunk.
I came out of a woman's house very drunk. I had a falling out with my wife, and was going to Mr. Hull's, a pawnbroker. I am as honest an hard working man as ever was born.
For the Prisoner.
Catharine Connoley . The prisoner lodged with me six months, and paid me very honestly. That very night he and his wife came into my house and quarrelled: he beat her in a violent manner: She hid herself under the table, and he ran out thinking she ran after him: That is all I know.
Guilty of stealing, but not privately in the shop . T .
209. (M.) Mary, wife of James King , was indicted for stealing three woollen blankets, three sheets, a shirt, a pair of stockings, a flat iron, and a pair of bellows , the property of Dominick Stanley , February 17 . +
210. (M.) Mary Holt , spinster , was indicted for stealing one cotton gown, value 25 s. one silk cardinal, value 15 s. one pair of stuff shoes, value 2 s. one pair of pattens, one linen handkerchief, value 6 d. and one silk handkerchief, value 6 d. the property of Thomas Oliver , January 25 . *
Mary Oliver . My Husband's name is Thomas. The prisoner came and said she wanted a neighbour of mine that was not at home. I let her stay in my room: This was on the 24th of January. My neighbour not coming home, I let her stay all night in my room. I asked her where she came from, she said from Dulwich; I asked her if she knew any other person besides the woman she wanted to speak with; she said, no; she had no other acquaintance but the trunk-maker, the corner of St. Paul's. She said, the woman she wanted, owed the trunk-maker three guineas. She not resting in the night, said, she would get up and go to her cousin, and let him know of her; for, if the woman was to know that she was there, she would go away. She got up, and would not let me strike a light. She was a long time in dressing herself. I got up and let her out; and when I came to get up, I miss'd all the things mentioned in the indictment. (Naming them.) She said she would be back by the time I was up. I never saw her from that time, till I happened to meet her in Fenchurch-street, the Monday following. I said, How do you do, Madam? Said she, How do you do? You have got the advantage of me: I don't know you. Said I, you have got the advantage of me, I think. She then had my cardinal on, and my linen handkerchief round her neck, and her cardinal in my silk handkerchief, tied up. Said I, are not you ashamed to use me so for my good nature? She owned that she was guilty directly, and that she would go and shew me where my gown was. She said it was in the Borough. I went with her to where she said: It was not there. Then she took me to Tooley-street,John the gown was at Deptford. I went the day following, but could not find it.
It is the first fault, I hope the court will be merciful.
Guilty . T .
211. (M.) John Libres was indicted, for that he, on the 17th of February , about the hour of 2 in the morning, the dwelling house of George Cook , Joseph Foulson , Henry Renard , and John Duning , did break and enter, and stealing a shag waistcoat, a linen shirt, a silver stock-buckle, and a linen stock, the property of James Courtney ; one nankeen waistcoat, a shirt, two pair of stockings, a silk handkerchief, and a woollen cap, the property of Nicholas Woodstock , in the said dwelling house . *
James Courtney deposed, that the prisoner had been a servant there; that the things mentioned in the indictment were missing. The prisoner was suspected. He took him near the May-pole in East-smithfield, with some of the cloaths on his back; that he owned where he had disposed of the rest, where part of them were found; that the place from whence they were taken, was not a dwelling house, but a sugar-house, the property of the beforementioned partners.
The prisoner said nothing in his defence.
Guilty of Felony only . T .
212. (M.) Robert Welch , otherwise William Young , was indicted, for that he, on the king's highway, on Esther, wife of James Green , did make an assault, putting her in corporal fear and danger of her life, and violently taking from her person one silver watch, value 4 l. the property of Robert Jones , February 8 . +
Esther Green . My husband's name is James. Katharine Adams came to me on the 8th of this instant, about 10 at night, (this was in the street) and said, Mr. Jones had given his watch to her to pawn for half-a-guinea till the morning. I said, I had not so much money about me; that if I saw the owner, I would get him half-a-guinea on it. She said, do you dispute that I did not come honestly by it? You may see the owner tomorrow. I said, Where is the watch? She put her hand into her bosom, and took it out. The prisoner came up, and gave me a blow under my right breast, (I did not fall) and snatched the watch out of my right hand; and, with an oath, said, if I made any words, he would stab me. We cry'd, Stop thief; he turned back, and said, he would run me through.
Q. Did he strike you before, or after he took the watch?
Green. That was after he had taken it. He made his escape.
Q. Had he any instrument in his hand?
Green. He had a knife in his hand when he turned back.
Q. Was you put in fear when he took the watch from you?
Green. I was not frighted.
Q. Was it light or dark?
Green It was so light that I could take particular notice of him, and there was a lamp just by. He was pursued directly, and in better than half an hour he was taken; it was under an hour. The watch was found upon him. They sent for me. John Molten took him.
Q. What is your business?
Green. I take in washing. My husband is a whitesmith.
Q. What is Katharine Adams?
Green. She deals in Rosemary-lane, in buying and selling old cloaths.
Katharine Adams. I never saw the prisoner but one night in my life; that was, I believe, about 10 o'clock. Robert Jones trusted me to pawn his watch. I went to the pawnbrokers, there were none up. I came and brought it him again. He then asked me, if I would lend him half-a-guinea on it? Then Elizabeth Wall, who was in the house, said, Go up to Mrs. Green; if she has not the money, she will get it for you. I was going up to her, and met her as I was going. I asked her to go and pawn this watch for me for half-a-guinea. She asked me where the owner was; I said, at Mrs. Cook's.
Q. What is Mrs. Cook?
Adams. She deals in Rag-fair. Said Mrs. Green, let me see the man. Said I, you may go and pawn the watch, and come down and see him. Upon that, she and another woman were going a little way together; saying, she was going to a
Q. Had you the watch then?
Adams. I had. I was going up Church-lane to a woman where she intended to pawn it. I met the prisoner, and a man that I knew; he ask'd me if I would go and drink a pint of beer.
Q. And had you never seen the prisoner before?
Adams. No, I never did see him before.
The Court ordered Esther Green, and all the other evidences out of court, in order to be separately examined.
Q. What alehouse did you drink at?
Adams. The King and Queen in Cable-street, almost opposite Church-lane.
Q. How long did you stay in that house with the prisoner and other man?
Adams. I did not stay with them above ten minutes; I left them, and was going up Church-lane, and Mrs. Green called to me, and said, Kitty; I did not answer the first time; Kitty, said she again. Now, said she, I will go and do it for you. I gave it her out of my bosom. The prisoner came up, and said, Let me look at that watch? She gave it him out of her hand into his to look at, and he made his escape with it.
Q. Did he and you go out of the house together?
Adams. He followed me out.
Q. Did Mrs. Green see you and the prisoner, and the other man, go together to the alehouse?
Adams. I cannot say whether she did or no.
Q. Did he take the watch from her, or did she give it him?
Adams. I will not swear; but to the best of my knowledge she gave it him out of her hand. She said, Why should I let you look at it? and to the best of my knowledge she gave it him.
Q. Can you be sure she gave it him, or that he took it out of her hand?
Adams. I cannot say, indeed.
Q. How near to you was he, when you took it out of your bosom to give it to her?
Adams. He was just by. - Why should I go to swear against a man?
Q. Do you follow no other employ?
Q. Do not you follow that of a thief-catcher?
Molton. I sometimes follow taking these sort of people that rob folks. On the 18th of February I was at the horns and horseshoe, in Rosemary-lane.
Is not that the house where your sort of people have a club?
Molton. It is. Katharine Adams came and called me down stairs twice. She said, she had been defrauded, or robbed of a watch, which she had from a man to deliver to Esther Green, and the man met her in the street, and struck her, and robbed her of it. She described the man to me, and said he was there, and was going to kill some people. While I was there, Henry Hethorn said, he saw the prisoner take the watch out of his pocket, and throw it into a muscle basket. I took the prisoner at the corner of Mill-yard, Rosemary-lane. There was a cry of, Stop thief.
Q. Was the prisoner running?
Molton. He was standing there talking with some women; I struck him and brought him into the house. I took him at the door where the club is kept, the Horns and Horseshoe.
Q. Did he readily submit?
Molton. He seemed as if he would get away, but I would not let him.
Q. Was Hethorn with you at the club?
Molton. He was.
Q. Nothing else?
Hethorn. No, nothing else.
Q. Did you never engage in the business of thief-taking?
Hethorn. No, never in my life. I was up at the club that night.
Q. How long have you known Molton?
Hethorn. I have known him some years at sea. Katharine Adams came in and said, she had been robbed of a watch; and said, for God's sake, come, for she should be blamed for it. Molton ran down from the club, and took hold of the prisoner by Mill-yard, and struck him; and as he was hawling of him in doors, the prisoner took and threw the watch in a muscle basket.
213. (M.) Isaac Jones was indicted for stealing one callimancoe petticoat, value 30 s. two linen gowns, value 20 s. one sattin hat, value 4 s. nine pair of linen sleeves, value 7 s. four shifts, value 10 s. four aprons value 10 s. nine linen caps, value 6 s. six handkerchiefs, two pillow-biers, one sheet, one cloth cloak, and four napkins, the property of Ann Green , spinster , in the dwelling-house of Richard Robinson , February 11 .
The prosecutrix went to live servant with a nobleman, and left the things mentioned in a box, at the house of Richard Robinson , at the Three Tulips, in Orchard-street, Westminster . The prisoner was a soldier , and quartered in the said house, and lay in the same
Guilty of stealing, but not in the dwelling-house . T .
Guilty 10 d. B .
215. (M.) Jenkin Bullock was indicted for receiving four yards of woollen cloth, value 3 l. 4 s. well knowing it to have been stolen by Giles Bishop , who was convicted for the same last sessions , the property of Charles More , and Theyer Townsend , January 11 . ++
(See No. 116, in last sessions paper, to which the reader is referred.)
The record of the trial of Jacob Levi , for stealing a wooden box, with divers goods in it, the property of James Wilkie , was read, wherein it appeared he was found guilty, and received sentence of transportation.
Thomas Gurney , (the short-hand writer) deposed, the prisoner Hatton was produced on behalf of Levi on that trial, and in order to contradict what had been sworn for the prosecution, he deposed, he was standing at the next shop to Miss Ramsey's, and saw a man with a flapp'd hat, and leather apron on, come out of Miss Ramsey's shop, with a box under his arm; and, in about two minutes after, there was a cry of, Stop thief; that the mob laid hold of Levi, but, that the man that dropped the box, ran back again cross the way; and he was sure it was not Levi that came out of the shop with the box, but a taller man. Being asked what time of the night this was, he said, he would venture to swear it was not so much as 6 o'clock on that Saturday night; upon which the court thought proper he should stand committed, to take his trial this sessions for perjury.
217. (M.) Mary Tanner , otherwise Turner, otherwise Taylor, otherwise Dodson , was indicted for stealing two cotton gowns, value 16 s. and a stuff petticoat , the property of Samuel Cook , January 17 . *
Guilty . T .
Peter Ronquest . On the 14th of this instant, the prisoner (whom I have known a year and a half) and another man, came to my house and called for a pint of beer; he desired me to go backwards, saying, he wanted to speak with me; then he ask'd me if I would buy any broken silver, he would sell it very cheap, it came from the Havannah; I said, let me look at it; he said, to tell you the truth, it is a tankard, and shewed it me; he said it had been twice advertised; I said, I would have nothing to do with it. When I went to draw him another pint of beer, I turned my head, and saw him take my tea-kettle, (which had not water in it, and holds about two gallons) and give it to the other man, and sent him on the out-side of the door with it. I was afraid of pur suing, having seen they had two pistols under their cloaths. I took the prisoner on the 16th, near Rotherhith church. I never got my kettle again. The prisoner did belong to the Gravesend press-gang.
The prisoner in his defence said, he went with a man that had got some plate to sell, and what that man did he knew not.
Guilty . T .
John Clark . I had left my watch at my brother Richard's house, and called for it on the 15th of January, and was told it was stolen, and that they suspected the prisoner, and one Dick Purcer ; and by inquiring at a pawnbrokers where they used to pawn things, found it again. (Produced in court, and deposed to.)
Agness Young. The prisoner came to Mr. Richard Clark 's house, to iron some things; soon after, Dick Purcer came in. I had seen this watch about a quarter of an hour before. When they were gone I miss'd it. I went to where she lodged, and said, they had played the rogue with it. They both denied knowing any thing of it.
John Quinsey . I am a pawnbroker. The prisoner, and Richard Purcer , brought this watch, and said, an old woman, a relation of her's, lent it her to pledge on account her husband was arrested; and my master lent her a guinea on it. I was by at the time.
Prisoner's Defence. I think it is hard upon me: I did not take the watch: It would have been proper to have taken the man: Purcer said it was as much his watch as it was Mr. Clark's.
Guilty . T .
Elizabeth Taylor , spinster , was indicted for stealing six quire of paper, value 7 s. three pieces of paper-hangings, and two pasteboard boxes , the property of Hannah Whitlow , February 24 .
Those capital convicts received his Majesty's most gracious pardon, on the following conditions.
The trials being ended, the court proceeded to Judgment.
Received sentence of Death, five.
To be transported for seven years, forty-five.
Richard Ireland , Mary Philips , William Connoway , James Bunyard , Richard Hitchens , Jacob Cowen , John Drew , Richard Cook , John Low , James Smith , John Rimington , Isaac Dukes , Eleanor Williams , John Towers , James Mackdougall , Anne Howland , William Jones , Lawrence Comings , John Smallman , Andrew Matthews , Henry Dugdale , Sarah Waters , Thomas Brown , Isaac Usher , Philip Abrahams otherwise Scampy, Richard Monday , Joseph Taylor , otherwise Turner, John Carpenter , otherwise Huckle, Dennis Obrian , John Lee , Thomas Davis otherwise Baker, Elizabeth Glascow, Stephen Blamire , John Parker , George Taylor , William Winfield , Nathaniel Tenpenny, William James Preston , Thomas Butterfield , Mary Holt , John Libress , Isaac Jones , Mary Turner , otherwise Tanner, otherwise Taylor, otherwise Dodson, John Willson, and Elizabeth Warrington .
To be whipped, four.
John Franklin to be imprisoned three months in Newgate, to pay a fine of 6 s. and 8 d. and find sureties for his good behaviour for one year; himself bound in a bond of 40 l. and two sureties in 20 l. each.
Those capital convicts received his Majesty's most gracious pardon, on the following conditions.