Printed, and sold by M. COOPER, at the Globe in Pater-noster Row. 1754,
Kings Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery held for the City of London, &c.
BEFORE the Right Honourable THOMAS RAWLINSON , Esq; Lord Mayor of the City of London, the Honourable Sir MARTIN WRIGHT*, Knt. Sir RICHARD ADAMS +, Knt. WILLIAM MORETON , Esq; Recorder ++, and others of his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer for the said City, and Country of Middlesex.
N. B. The * + ++ direct to the Judge by whom the Prisoner was tried. L. M. by what Jury.
Barnard Townsend . I live on Ludgate-Hill , am a haberdasher , the prisoner was my servant , I missed some goods, and suspected her; I made her open her box, there I found a pair of leather gloves, my property: The lace was found in another servant's pocket, and she said the prisoner stole it, but she is not here, nor can I tell where to find her; [the gloves produced in court and deposed to] the prisoner said she took them out of a parcel which was lying in the dining-room. At first she said she had them at a funeral.
I took them off the floor and put them into my box.
Thomas Talwood . I live in St. Leonard's, Shoreditch, in Hackney Road . I got up on the 19th of this instant, and missed a great parcel of hay. I followed the litter which was made by it till I came to the watch-house in the parish of Bethnal-Green, there was the prisoner, and some of the hay, which the watchmen had taken upon him. The prisoner there owned he took the hay: there were three bundles, which were two trusses to be sure. He owned which way he got in, and said it was the first time he was there, and also said he was going to carry it to the Ass and Fowl in Hog-Lane.
Peter Alavine . I am a watchman belonging to Bethnal-Green, and on Tuesday morning, the 10th of this instant, about three o'clock, I met the prisoner in Castle-street with a load of hay on his back. Going farther I saw two bundles more lying within some rails; then I went to take the prisoner, he being come back from carrying that bundle to Hog-Lane, and was going to take up the other two. I stopped him, and took him to the watch-house, and the prosecutor came, by following the track of the hay.
I was out of work, and thought to have made a bed of it in an empty house.
154. (M) Elizabeth Braines , widow , was indicted for stealing one linen quilt, value 2 s. one brass pottage pot with a copper cover, two linen sheets, one blanket, and one looking-glass, the goods of Henry Belsey , being in a certain lodging room let by contract, &c. Feb. 9 .
+ Guilty .
155, 156. (M.) Richard Purney and Thomas Bradlen were indicted for stealing one silver salver, value 3 l. the property of Thomas Holles , Duke of Newcastle , in the dwelling-house of his Grace the Duke, Feb. 6 . +
Richard Turner . I am butler to the Duke of Newcastle, the two prisoners are chimney-sweepers , they came to sweep the chimnies up stairs on the 6th of February. After they were gone, I missed the silver salver, it had his grace's arms and crest on it. I suspected the prisoners, they were taken up, and Bradley, the little boy, confessed he took it away, broke it to pieces, and sold some of it: by this means it was found. [Produced in court, and deposed to that part that had the arms on it.]
Q. Did you see these prisoners in the house at that time?
Turner. I did not.
Q. Did you hear the confession?
Turner. No, but the constable did.
Q. Where was the salver taken from?
Turner. From out of the butler's pantry.
Q. Was any chimney swept in the butler's pantry?
Thomas Gale . On the 8th or 9th of this instant a chimney-sweeper's boy brought one of these pieces to me all dirty, and said he found it. I observed it was silver, and gave him 1 s. 6 d. for it, which was what it came to by weight; the boy was about the size of this, but as they have all black faces alike, I cannot swear to him.
Matthew Burchel . I deal in silver buckles, and this piece was brought to me by a chimney-sweeper's boy the 6th of this month, [holding a piece of silver in his hand] to know if it was silver. I cleaned the blackness off, weighed it, it comes to eight penny weight. I asked him how he came by it; he said he found it, upon which I gave him 2 s. for it. I cannot take upon me to say this is the boy, I believe it is, his stature and voice answers to his.
Jacob Harris . I am a silver-smith, [he takes up the foot] a woman brought this to me on the 8th of this instant, her name is Grace Walford . She said her son had found it, and she has the character of an honest woman.
Q. Do you think that belongs to the salver?
Harris. I believe it does.
Stephen Sutton . About three weeks ago a chimney-sweeper's boy brought this into my shop all over dirt, and asked me if it was silver. I saw it was so, weighed it, and it came to 3 s. I gave him the money, and he said he would go and buy himself a flannel waistcoat, he being then in his shirt.
Margaret Hinemarsh . My husband is a silversmith, [she takes up a piece of silver] this seems to belong to the same salver that was brought to me on the Saturday morning by a man much about the size of the other prisoner, Purney. I gave him 4 s. and 3 d. for it. This other piece was brought to me by a little chimney-sweeper's boy on the 8th day of this instant. The man said he found his behind St. Clement's. I gave the boy 3 d. for his.
David Burnet . I am headborough, and on the 10th of this instant I was desired to take charge of Purney. I did, he confessed that he and the other prisoner were at the Duke of Newcastle's sweeping some chimnies, when the little boy took the salver out of the pantry, and they carried it to Covent-Garden, where they concealed it, and after that it was broke to pieces, and some of it disposed of, and where; and he went along with me in order to shew where some of it was concealed. We went to Scotland-Yard below Charing-Cross, he went down into the common shore, and took this piece out of some mud, that has the arms on it.
Q. Where did he say any of it was disposed of?
Burnet. He said at Mr. Hinemarsh's facing
I know nothing of this thing being taken.
Purney guilty of felony only .
Bradley acquit .
Martha Clay My husband's name is James Clay , I live in Crutched-Friars, the prisoner had lived with me about five weeks; I took her in out of charity. I was to go to Humerton last Saturday, and the prisoner was to go with me. She went out, and took the bundle which I had given her a strict order not to take with her, I designing to take it in the coach. I was to take her up at the turnpike, but she did not stay there, or come near me in the country. On the Sunday morning I had information she was taken by my son, and at my London house. I went to her, and charged her with taking the things, which she owned, and said that some she had pawned, and some given away.
Fanny Carter . I live with Mrs. Clay, and heard her bid the prisoner go to White-Chapel turnpike, and not to take the bundle with her; but when she was gone the bundle was gone likewise; and when she was brought back she had a handkerchief of her mistress's about her neck; I heard her then own she took the things mentioned.
John Price . I am son to Mrs. Clay, and accidentally met the prisoner about eight o'clock in the evening. She had a blue and white silk handkerchief that belonged to my mother about her neck: I took her to my mother's house, and she there was asked what she had done with the bundle. She said two creatures had taken it away. After that she said she had pawned them in the name of Matthew Castle . I went to the place where she said she had pawned them, and there I had the two handkerchiefs delivered to me.
George Wardley . I am constable, and was charged with the prisoner. She owned she had taken the things, and went with me to the pawnbroker's in East Smithfield, who delivered the two handkerchiefs to me. Then I went to one Richard James , a pawnbroker, where she said she had pawned the shift and two coloured aprons. The pawnbroker shewed them to me, but would not deliver them without the money, so we left them.
Q. Is he here?
Wardley. I believe not.
The prisoner had nothing to say for herself.
158, 159. (L.) Francis Wessbrook and John Arnold were indicted for that they, together with Isaac Summers , not yet taken, on Richard Harper did make an assault in an open place near the king's highway, and stealing from his person one silver watch, value 50 s. one seal, value 1 s. 6 d. and one key, value 1 d. his property , January 26, 1753 .
Richard Harper . I live in Cloth-Fair, am of no business; I was a gentleman's servant in the latter end of January, about the 24th, 5th, or 6th was twelvemonth, just past eight o'clock, I was going into Old-street from Justice Fielding's office; going up the middle walk in Moor-Fields , I met a young man; he asked me what o'clock it was; I told him it was just past eight; then three men more came up to me, they asked me if I had got any money, (they had all sticks, I saw nothing else, this is one of the sticks, I have had it ever since) [holding one in his hand] I said I had no money; then one of them struck me over the head, but had asked me for my watch first, and I said I had never a one; I was stunned down with one blow, then they began to rifle me for my watch, which they found in my waistcoat pocket, (I had put it in a glove and put it there) then one said, come, let us go away, there is somebody coming; the other said, No, G - d d - n him, no, I have hold of it, I will have it, or else I will cut all the cloaths off his back. I came to myself, and said, O Lord, I think you have almost killed me. They said, G - d d - n you, if you speak another word we will kill you quite. They took my watch by cutting the glove in two, and left the string, seal, and key, which were found there the next morning. Then one of them gave me a drive on the side of the head, and said if I offered to call after them they would come back and murder me. Then they went off, and when the evidence was taken they were taken up, but confessed nothing in my hearing.
Q. Did you know them before?
Harper. I do not remember any of the prisoners, I only remember they were all of them partly of a size.
James Palace . I keep a sale-shop in the Minories, about the latter end of January 53, the evidence came into my shop, his name is George Hose , he had a watch to sell, (about two o'clock in an afternoon) he asked 3 or 4 l. for it, which I cannot tell; I told him it was not worth above 50 s. he said he did not want to sell it out and out, so he desired I would let him have an old watch that hung up in my case, and a little money, and he would come and fetch it again, saying it was a family watch. I let him have 25 s. and the old watch, but if he came in a fortnight, I was to let him have it again, and take half a crown of him. A night or two after I read in the Advertiser a watch, name Ingraham, describing it to be the same I had received. I went away to the prosecutor's house by the direction of the advertisement. He was not at home, but the next morning he came to me, and I delivered him the watch, [produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutor as his watch, which he was robbed of at the time mentioned] I said if I ever saw the man that brought it I would stop him: But it past on till the same month the next year, when this George Hore came into my shop, and cheapened a case of pistols in my glass-case of my servant. I then did not recollect him again; Hore said, sir, your servant will not take my money, you should use me well, for I have dealt in your shop before. Then I began to think I had seen him, I looked at him, and said, sir, I believe I sold you a watch once. He said it was something of that kind. Sir, said I, I believe instead of selling you one it was but an exchange. He said that was very right. Then I said, I will buy my own watch of you again if you do not like it. Then he pulled it out of his pocket, and said, with all his heart. Then there came in two men that I used to trade with, I took the case in one hand and box in the other, and got to the door, then said to the two gentlemen, I desire you to assist me, this man is a robber. He said he could produce pe ople enough to his honesty, for he had bought the watch I charged him with in Cheapside of two men, he desired we would not expose him, and he would send for his friends. Soon after we took him before Justice Rickards, and he was committed till next morning, when we took him to the Angel and Crown, where the Justices sit in White-Chapel. At first he said he bought it of two men, but at last he confessed he was guilty of the fact with the two prisoners. Westbrook and Arnold were brought there. Hore looked Westbrook in the face, and cried, and said to the Justices, I am heartily sorry for Westbrook, for I believe he did not then know of our robbing the man, having met with him by chance in the street, and that he had not a farthing of the money, and that Westbrook went from them in fifteen minutes after. He said whoever sold the watch was to have the most part of the booty, and the other old watch he kept himself.
George Hore . On the 26th of January 53, I went to Cheapside, where I met Isaac Summers and John Arnold ; they asked me to go and drink some purl, I said I was low, they offered to treat me; I went with them and drank part of two or three pints. I came out and left them there, Arnold promising to call on me in the afternoon to go and see for some business. I am a bricklayer, he called, and we went, but could get no business. Then he asked me if I would go on the highway with him; it startled me very much: I refused it, and then he asked me to go and drink, as night was coming on, with Isaac Summers . We went, and as we were going along we met him and Westbrook together. We all four agreed to drink at the Bull's Head in Bull-and-Mouth-street, and after we had been there some time, Summers and Arnold got up and went to the door, and they started the question to Westbrook and me, to go and rob the first man we met. Being in liquor we agreed to go with them, Summers had a stick, and Arnold had a screw barrel pistol. We walked about to where Summers and Arnold took us, which was into Gough Square, Fleet-street, but could find nothing. Summers said, if he could see a servant maid come out with a cup or silver mug, which he had seen people come to the Cheshire Cheese for beer with, he would knock her down and take it. Then Summers proposed to go into Moor-Fields to rob the first man we met. Westbrook agreed as we did, we were all together. Then we met with a gentleman, whom we past by, and then Westbrook and I would have gone home, but the others insisted on our staying. So we did, and came down the middle quarter, and met this Mr. Harper; Arnold went up to him first, and asked him what it was o'clock; he said he believed it had just struck eight; then Arnold asked him for his money; he said he had none; then Summers came up with a pistol in his hand, and run it against the prosecutor's head, and knocked him against the pales; then they insisted upon the watch; they felt about, and I clapped my hand on the man's shoulder, and drawing it
Q. How long was this after the robbery?
Hore. About half an hour. After that I left them all at the end of Friday-street, and went home. In the morning I went to Isaac Summers 's, where I found Arnold and Summers's wife. I asked Arnold where Summers was; he said he was gone to dispose of the watch, but in about a quarter of an hour Summers came in with the watch, and said he would not go with it any more. Then Arnold and I was asked, but we both refused it. Then it was proposed, whoever disposed of it should have Westbrook's part, as he knew nothing of it. Then I took it, and went to this gentleman's house in the Minories, and there disposed of it for 25 s and a shagreen watch. He gave me an 18 s. piece, and the rest in silver.
Q. to Palace. Is this true?
Palace. It is. I gave him an 18 s. piece, and the rest in silver.
Evidence continues. I went and told them I had got two guineas for it, and gave Summers the 18 s. piece and 3 s. in silver to be between them, so had 4 s. and the shagreen watch; then I left them together.
Q. Have you at any time declared Westbrook knew nothing of what you were about to do, and that he was very much in liquor?
Hore. Yes, I have before the bench of Justices; he was in liquor.
Q. Have you declared to any body that Westbrook was not in sight when you took the watch?
Hore. No, I never did.
Q. When was this discovered?
Hore. About a year after.
Q. How came it to be discovered that you was a person concerned in this robbery?
[To this question be would give no direct answer, although asked him three times over, but prevaricated, and talked of his being drawn in by the others, and that he was fuddled at the time, &c.]
Q. Your art is seen in evading this question: Pray answer this plain question, on what occasion did you go to Castle's house in January last?
Hore. I went there to buy a pair of pistols for Arnold, and it was a good providenc it was prevented, for we should very likely have done some mischief with them.
Q. How came you to tell them you had sold the watch for two guineas, when you had sold it but for 25 s. and an old watch?
Hore. Summers told me he was offered two guineas for it at Mr. Briscoe's.
Q. How came you to give them an account you had sold it for two guineas?
Hore. I can give no account of that.
I know no more of it than the child unborn.
Arnold said the same.
John Arnold . I have known Westbrook about a dozen years, he has worked under me as a Bricklayer. I also have known George Hore, he was my bedfellow about seven years, and on the 25th of January he related this affair, but said Westbrook was in liquor, and knew nothing of what they had done; and that they met him very promiscuously, and that he knew nothing of their design; that they had been to see some cocks fight in Moor-Fields, and he said because Summers was gone, he was obliged to mention two to save his own life. Westbrook was always very willing to work.
Mr. Best. I know Westbrook by sight, his brother is my acquaintance, he desired me to go with him to this Hore, which I did, and we told him we came to ask him whether Westbrook was with them either before or after that time; he said he had not, and that he was so fuddled he knew not what was done, and that he stood at a distance from them at the time.
William Wynne . I went along with Mr. Best and Westbrook's brother, and Hore said to Mr. Westbrook, as to your brother Frank he is very innocent, I will not hurt him; he said he was much fuddled, and that when they attacked the man Westbrook was gone forward, and knew nothing of the fact. I know the prisoner to be a working
Mr. Cleaver. I have known Westbrook about a year, he worked for me, and was very diligent in his business. I really believe him to be an honest man.
Mr. Steed. I have known him about sixteen or seventeen years, he always bore an honest character; he has worked for me four years, and behaved well.
Mr. Brown. I have known Westbrook in Town and Country; he is one of the soberest of the sort, and a pretty workman; I do not think him guilty of the fact.
Mr. Edan. He worked for me, and behaved very well; I never saw any other but that of an honest man by him.
John Rose . I live in Angel-street; I have employed Arnold three summers and part of three winters at several houses; I never heard any ill of him, he was always industrious, and then bore a good character.
Thomas Cruff . I have known Arnold upwards of three years, he is very industrious : I believe he wholly maintained his mother, brother and sister. I do not think him any way inclinable to do such a thing as he is now charged with.
Mr. Neel. I have known Arnold ever since he was a child: I always believed him to be a very honest lad. I believe he would not commit a street-robbery.
Agnes Rockall . I have known Arnold ten years, I never heard any thing amiss of him before this. I look upon him to be an industrious lad. Upon my word I do not believe he would be guilty of a street-robbery.
Westbrook Acquitted .
Elizabeth Shepherd . About two months ago I lost six linnen check aprons from off a hedge at Barnet ; it was just by my window. I missed them about three in the afternoon, but saw nobody take them away. The Prisoner lives next door: she being a loose sort of a person we looked for her, and took her in a barn at Finchley. She owned she took the aprons from off the hedge and had hid them; we went to the place she mentioned in a field just by, but could not find them.
Q. Whose aprons were these?
Shepherd. They were mine.
The indictment was laid the goods of Edward Shepherd. The Prisoner was acquitted .
William Sharp . I am a sawyer ; the Prisoner served his time to me. I lost a saw about a month or five weeks ago; it was a long saw: it was taken away from out of my yard: I saw it about two days before it was lost. I found it upon Thomas Quick, he had bought it: he lives in Whitechapel, near the church, and I live near the turnpike; this was about three or four days after I lost it.
Q. What marks were on it?
Sharp. The maker's name Billicom, and by a slaw that was on it, about the middle. I had bought it last summer, it cost me thirty shillings; I took up the prisoner as soon as I found he had sold it to Quick. He said, he bought it of some body, and that he had sold it to Quick.
Thomas Quick . The Prisoner brought the saw into my father's house about six weeks ago, and said the owner was in trouble and afraid to come out of doors, and had sent him to sell the saw. He would not tell me where the man was; so I bought it for twelve shillings: I gave him six shillings and sixpence in part, and was willing to see the owner before I paid him the other. The next day I made an inquiry about it, and found out the owner.
Q. What sort of a saw was it?
Quick. It was a long saw, the maker's name Bellicom; Mr. Sharp claimed it as his property, and it was delivered to him.
Benjamin Culom . I was by when the Prisoner brought the saw to sell to Quick. Quick and the Prisoner worked together. The Prisoner said, the man must have the saw or money that night, so it was agreed they were to have it between them, and Quick gave him his half of the money.
I gave twelve shillings for the saw, and Quick was to have half of it, and he gave me six shillings and sixpence.
Samuel Unwin . I have known the Prisoner fourteen years, I have trusted him in my house, I keep a publick house; he has drawn beer for me. I do not know that he ever wronged me. This was since he was out of his time.
The copy of the record of her conviction was read in Court, the purport of which was, that she, on the 4th of April, 1748, was in due course of law tried for a capital felony, at the goal-delivery for the city of Bristol, and convicted, and received sentence of death; and after that it appeared, she received his majesty's royal mercy, upon condition of transportation for fourteen years. which she accepted upon that condition, and the Court did award the same on the 29th of August following.
John Mason . I live in Bristol. The Prisoner was near two years in Newgate in Bristol at or about 1748, I had custody of her: I was in Court when she was convicted for a capital felony before Sir Michael Foster , and I remember her being under sentence of transportation afterwards for the same, and put on board a vessel, I know not the name, but the captain's name was Whitare; the ship belonged to Benson of Biddeford.
James Perrit . I was night constable in Bristol when the Prisoner was convicted there. I saw her tried there, it is near five years ago, for picking one farmer Hewit's pocket. I saw her when she received sentence of death, and after that I was there present when she was on her knees and desired his Majesty's pardon, and saw her receive sentence of transportation for fourteen years. On the 18th of December last I had business in London, and coming down Bridges-street, I there saw the Prisoner at large; I apprehended her, and took her before justice Fielding, and she was committed.
My name is not Conner, and I am not the person. Captain Lancey , now in Newgate, saw me, and said, I was not the person named Eleanor Conner , and that she was drowned; for she went in the ship Nightingale, of which he was captain.
Lancey being capitally convicted at the sessions of admiralty, held on Monday the 15th of this inst. could not be admitted an evidence.
Guilty , Death .
See the remarkable trial of Lancey, in the admiralty-paper, published by Mr. Griffith, in St. Paul's Church-yard.
Richard Parham . I live in Cold-bath-fields, am a victualler . I had been with my wife and her aunt at the Half-moon Tavern, in Holbourn, below the Bars, on the last of January. About two o'clock next morning we ordered a coach to be called, and were going home; as we got to Hockley-in-the-Hole the coach was stopped, and a pistol fired into it; and I heard the words, your money, or we will blow your brains out. I took out half a guinea and three shillings, and gave the man. Then he opened the door and lean'd in and took my watch out of my fob, and said, drive on coachman, I have got his watch. There was another man on the other side the coach; I saw three in all, th ey were on foot; I went the same day and advertised my watch, and offered two guineas reward; and on the Saturday morning, the 2d of Feb. a pawnbroker and another gentleman came in and asked me if I was not robbed of a watch? I said, I had, and the maker's name was Kimbershaw; and there was a ribbon, and a small crystal stone set in silver; the pawnbroker told me, it was brought to him the morning before, at about nine o'clock, I lost it about two. He said it was brought by a man in a plaid waistcoat, a blue-grey coat, and a great coat over them; he did not deliver it, but I bid him keep it, and if any body came for it to secure them. After he was gone, I had some business at justice Fielding's: when I came in, there stood the Prisoner at the bar on his examination for what he had done the night before with one Wilson, who was with him; he answered the description the pawnbroker had given of the man and his dress that pawned my watch, and I told the justice's clerk of it: then I sent for the pawnbroker to come; he did, and brought my watch with him: as soon as he saw the Prisoner, he said, that is the man that brought the watch to me yesterday morning, pointing to him; then he and Wilson were brought in again before the justice and examined about my robbery; there I swore to the watch, and when I was robbed of it; and Davison the pawnbroker, to the Prisoner, as the person that brought it to him, and they were committed, Wilson to Newgate, and Dean to New-Prison.
Q. from the Prisoner. Can he swear I was the man that robbed him of his watch?
Parham. I do not pretend to swear to the man, but by his voice I believe he is the man. His is like the voice that said, Drive on coachman, I have got his watch; there was a lamp by us.
Mrs. Parham. I am the Prosecutor's wife, I am sure the Prisoner is the man that came into the coach and took Mr. Parham's watch out of his pocket. I saw him at New-Prison afterwards; it was overagainst a lamp in Hockley-in-the-Hole, where we were stopped by three fellows; one fired a pistol in the coach, and with a great oath said, Deliver your money, or I will blow your brains out: I cannot tell who said that, but the Prisoner was at the other door; he asked my husband for his money, or said we were dead people.
Q. Did you see his face at that time?
Mrs. Parham. No, I did not; I said, do not use us ill, you shall have all we have got, and my husband gave him what money he had. The man answered, what do you mean by giving me half-pence, or three halfpence? I said, he has no half-pence in his pocket; then the coach-door was opened, and he lean'd against me, when I had an opportunity of seeing his face by the light of the lamp; it was a dark night.
Q. Was the pistol loaded ?
Mrs. Parham. I believe it had nothing but powder in it; when I came home I was very bad. When the pawnbroker came and asked if my husband was robbed of a watch, I said, yes; and he described the person that brought it; then I said, that was the man that took the watch from my husband. As soon as I saw him in New-Prison, I said to my husband, that is the man that took your watch. I went and asked the keeper to give the Prisoner leave to drink a glass of wine with us; I said, how came you to rob us last night, and fire a pistol? he took hold of my hand, and said, for God's sake do not appear against me: if he had been amongst a hundred persons, I should have picked him out.
David Davison . I am a pawnbroker. On the first of this month the Prisoner at the bar brought this watch (producing one which was deposed to by the Prosecutor) to me; he had on a blue grey coat, a plaid waistcoat, and a great coat over them. I saw him before the justice the next day, he had every thing then on that I had described before.
Q. What did you lend him on the watch?
Davison. Thirty-six shillings, he asked me two guineas. He said, he had been at Chatham, and was very well known in Bishopsgate street, if I inquired at such an inn; and said, he was afraid of being pressed, and wanted to pawn his watch to get down another way.
Davison. I really believe I could amongst an hundred men.
I was six nights locked down under ground, and was not admitted to come between the gates; so the woman could not see me the night they were robbed. I was at supper at Mr. Nicholas's in Old-street, from nine at night 'till three the next morning
Mr. Richards. I am a farrier in Goswell street, I have known the Prisoner ten years and upwards, he drove a hackney coach; I never heard any ill of him in my life.
Mr. Young. I am an undertaker, and live in Old-street; I imploy his master, the Prisoner has drove many times for me, he has as good a character as ever I heard; I never heard any blemish on his character; he would be the last man I should think to be guilty of a highway-robbery.
Isaac Dimsdel. I keep coaches. The Prisoner has been my servant the two last years, I have known him twelve years; he has bore the character of a very sober honest man, and behaved as faithfully as any man of his profession ever did.
Mr. Frances. I have known him about two years, and seen him every day almost, except he was out of town; I never heard an ill character of him.
Mr. Carrier. I have known him ten or eleven years, during which time he bore as honest a character as any young fellow on earth.
Mr. Rearsby. I am an officer in the Marshal's Court, I have known him fifteen or sixteen years; I took him to be a very honest young man. He had money of his own, and had no occasion to go a-robbing; he was going to buy a coach and horses of his own, and I advised him not.
Mr. Benson. I have known him nine years and upwards, during which time he bore a very good character; I should as soon have suspected my own brother to have been guilty of a robbery as him.
John Nolton . I keep coaches, I have known him about twelve years, during which time I took him to be a good servant, and one that behaved well, I have had much conversation with him, I never heard he wronged any body, or used horses bad.
Q. What did he do these last three months?
Nolton. I heard he was not well in the hospital.
Mr. Weoley. I am a master coachman, I have known him I believe thirteen years, he was my servant two years, eight months and two days he behaved as well as any servant I ever had. It is eleven years ago since he drove for me.
Mr. Dunsdale. I have known him eleven or twelve years, he always behaved very well; I always looked upon him as a very honest man.
Mr. Clark. I have known him eight or nine years, I am a coachman, he was my servant some time, and behaved honestly and justly; I never heard an ill thing of him before in my life.
Guilty , Death .
He was a second time indicted, for that he, together with William Wilson , on the king's highway, on George Lewis Jones , Clerk , did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing from his person one guinea and three shillings in money, numbered. Feb. 1 . ++
George Lewis Jones . I live in Wiltshire, when I am at home; but at present I am at my father's in town. On Friday the 1st of Feb. after eleven o'clock at Night, I was in a coach, Mr. Lane was with me; going out of the city to Cavendish-square, just by the Old Pound, in St. Giles's , we were sitting with our backs to the horses, the shutter was up, on my right hand, I was on the left side of the coach, or off-side: the other shutter was down: I saw Dean pass by us. The moon shone so very bright, I had a very fair view of him, but then did not see his face. I looked out at the window and saw him go to the horses head, by reaching over Mr. Lane, and perceived he had a long horse-pistol in his hand. The coach stopped, and he immediately came to the coach-door, and put his pistol to my breast, and ordered me to sit down and behave quietly, for then I was endeavouring to get out at that door; he said, he would use us like gentlemen; I sat down. Then the shutter on my side was let down, and Wilson looked in and presented a small pistol to me, and kept his hand in motion, and held it to me some time, a little distance from my breast: he demanded my watch and money, I gave him a guinea and some silver, I believe about three or four shillings; then he put his hand to my fob, to feel for my watch, but did not find it, although then in my fob. After this they went away. I pulled out my watch then, and found it to be twenty minutes after eleven.
Q. How long were they in rifling you?
Q. Had you called out thieves?
Jones. No, we had not. I described them to Mr. Welch before I saw them. Then he said he had them in custody; and we saw them afterwards, and they answered our descriptions perfectly. The black patch was in the scuffle fallen off Wilson's face, but found by one of the constables where he was stopped, and it seemed to be fresh knocked off. They were lodged in New Prison that night, and the next day carried before Justice Fielding.
Mr. Lane. I was in the coach along with Mr. Jones on the first of February when he was robbed. I was asleep at the time Dean came to the coach, but was awaked by his opening the coach door. He came into the coach, and held a pistol to my breast, (I observed a long brass barrel pistol in his hand by the light of the moon) he put his hand into my pocket and drew out my watch. I saw a man in a light-coloured coat on the other side of the coach, which I am positively sure was the other prisoner Wilson. I cannot say I heard him demand any thing of Mr. Jones, who was on that side, being entirely taken up with Dean. I could see the two prisoners plainly by the light of the moon, I imagine they were with us about three or four minutes. After they were gone we jumped out of the coach, and there was a little exciseman came to us, and asked if we had been robbed; we said yes; he said he thought so, and that they went down a narrow street. We followed them, and found them in the hands of Mr. Welch the constable. When I saw them again I was very positive to both of them, and I particularly described Dean before I saw him to Mr. Welch.
William Smith . I am a constable, on the first of January Mr. Welch was out with several of us to search bad houses for disorderly people. Going along Puckeridge-street, about half an hour after eleven, in the middle of the street, Mr. Welch being foremost, we met the two prisoners coming along. Mr. Welch asked who they were, they gave no answer, but seemed to be in a hurry; all on a sudden I saw they had pistols, and laid hold of Dean. Mr. Welch said this fellow has got a pistol, (meaning Wilson) I left Dean in the hands of two other constables, and went to Wilson, who was then down on the ground. As soon as I came he put this pistol to my breast [producing a small pocket pistol] and was some time before I could get it out of his hand, and examining it afterwards found it to be loaded with powder and ball, and primed. The other constable that had hold of him on the other side, found another pistol in his pocket, and after we had got him up on his legs, came Mr. Jones with a stick, and Mr. Lane with a sword drawn in his hand.
Q. How long was this after you had stopped them?
Smith. It was about two minutes after; I heard Mr. Jones describe Dean to Mr. Welch and Mr. Lane the other.
Hen. Flanerkin. I am a constable, and was with Mr. Welch at the time. [He confirmed the evidence given by Smith, with this addition, that he found the watch, which he produced, and Mr. Lane deposed to, on the ground where Dean was first stopped; and that when Wilson was first stopped he had a black patch on his face, which he found afterwards on the ground where he was stopped.
Joshua Murphy . I am a constable, and was with Mr. Welch, &c. [He confirmed the account given by the last evidences, with this addition, that when the two prisoners were coming along, one said to the other, they sung a good song. Mr. Jones (the prosecutor) said, I suppose they meant me and a young lady, who some time before they stopped us we were singing in the coach. Murphy farther added, that when he stopped Dean he heard something fall, and in the place, after the prisoners were secured, he found the long pistol, which was produced]
I know nothing of this robbery, but as I was going along the street, having offended no body, was stopped by a parcel of men, who searched me, but found nothing upon me.
Both guilty , Death .
See Wilson tried twice before, No 479, in Alderman Blackford's mayoralty.
There was another indictment against them for robbing Mr. Lane of his watch, but being capitally convicted was not tried on that.
It appeared by the evidence that the prisoner went into the prosecutor's shop to buy some candles, at which time the scissers were lying on the counter, but they were missing when he was gone. That the prisoner carried them to be ground at the cutler's who before had ground them for the prosecutor, who knew them again, and gave intelligence to the prosecutor; upon which, when he came for them again, he was stopped and committed.
The prosecutor was coming down Holborn , one Daniel Dennison told him he saw a person pick his pocket of a handkerchief, and shewed him the man, which was the prisoner; he laid hold of him, and he took the handkerchief out of his pocket, and said, if this be your handkerchief take it, and gave it him. [The handkerchief produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutor.] The prisoner in his defence said his wife bought it in Rosemary-lane.
Richard Hughes . I was coming along Fleet-street on the 11th of Feb. between seven and eight of the clock at night, there was no body near me but the prisoner; I felt something at my pocket, and turning about, saw the prisoner had my handkerchief in his hand. I charged him with stealing my handkerchief, upon which he immediately ran away, but was taken. There was an evidence saw him drop the handkerchief, but he is now ill in bed. I carried him before Justice Fielding, who sent me back with him into the city, the fact being committed there. Coming along he pulled out a knife, and swore he would stick me if I would not let him go. He got away, but I knocked him down, and retook him again, and took up the knife, [producing it in court] the prisoner said if ever he got his liberty, and could meet me in an open field, he would make fine sport with me.
I was not near him, and know nothing of this handkerchief; they took and dragged me about, and knocked me down, and used me very ill.
After the prisoner found he was to be transported , he thanked the court, and said, if he had staid at home he should have been hanged in three sessions more.
Catharine Johnson . My husband's name is William Johnson , the prisoner came into our shop to buy three quarters of a yard of ribbon for a watch. There was a man came with her, but he staid on the step of the door. I shewed her some ribbon, and she found fault with the colour. I shewed her some others, and then she went to the man and asked him if it was to be dark blue ribbon. Then she asked for a halfpenny worth of green silk. After she was gone out I missed the piece of mazarine blue. Upon which I immediately sent after the man, who ran away, and so did she; but she was taken and brought back. I asked her to produce the ribbon, but she denied having it. She had a little child with her about six years of age, who said to her, mamma, it is in your lap. We sent for a constable, and searched her, but did not find it.
Q. How much was there of it?
C. Johnson. I cannot exactly tell the number of yards, but can safely say there was above six yards of it.
Catharine Johnson . The prosecutrix is my mamma, I was in the shop when the prisoner came in. [She confirmed the testimony of her mamma, with this addition, that she saw the prisoner, whilst her mamma was reaching the green silk, slide the piece of mazarine blue ribbon into her lap from off the
I never laid my hand on the ribbon, nor had any man there that belonged to me.
++ Acquitted .
William Newham . I live in New street by Shoe-lane , and am a pewterer , the prisoner was my servant , a sort of a porter, about five weeks ago. Having missed some things I had suspected my apprentice to rob me, because he staid out late of nights. My apprentice after this took the prisoner, and these things on him, [producing six pounds weight of pewter, and a plate block] and the prisoner acknowledged the taking them from me, and down on his knees and asked for mercy. It is turnings of pewter.
John Reynolds I am the prosecutor's apprentice, knowing myself innocent, and having been suspected of robbing my master, I concealed myself in the shop in order if possible to find out who robbed him, and saw the prisoner take some of the things and go out. I followed him to his home, and brought him back again to my master. He confessed he took them, and down on his knees and begged forgiveness.
I have some witnesses to my character, and called James Walker , Saunders Davenport, John Fleming , Thomas Walpool , Francis Ironmonger , James Anderside , John Case , and his own father, who all gave him a good character till this affair.
170, 171. (L.) John Stapeler and Esther Shelson , widow , were indicted, the first for stealing four pair of stockings, two child's cotton gowns, one child's linen jacket, one cloth cloak, one silk bonnet, two pewter pint pots, one handkerchief, two silver tea-spoons , the goods of Samuel Torrent , and the second for receiving them, knowing them to have been stolen . February 4 . ++
Rebecca Torrent . My husband's name is Samuel, I keep a publick-house in Gravel lane, Houndsditch , and having lost several things, went to a pawnbroker's in Petticoat-lane to inquire after them. I told the pawnbroker I had lost the goods mentioned in the indictment, and that I suspected John Stapeler . There I found four pair of stockings and two childrens bed-gowns; and I found the cloak and a coarse apron at another pawnbroker's. I met with Stapeler, brought him into my house, and charged him with taking the goods mentioned. He owned it, and said he had sold the bonnet, an India handkerchief, and two quart pots, to the other prisoner. I got a warrant to take her the same day, but when taken could find nothing upon her [ The goods found at the pawnbrokers produced in court and deposed to.]
George Wardley . I am the officer, and was sent for to take the prisoner Stapeler into custody. I went, and the boy owned he had been guilty of the offence, and said he had seen other boys sell things to this woman, and she encouraged him to bring what he could, so he took three quart pots and stamped them together, and sold them to her for a shilling. These goods here produced were at the same time delivered to me, which he owned he stole from the prosecutor. I and Mr. Tvrrent took Esther Shelson , but we found nothing upon her.
Ellice Elerton . The boy at the bar brought four pair of stockings and two child's bed-gowns; he pawned them in the name of his mother Beersheba Stapeler, the same that have been here produced, and as to the woman prisoner I never saw her before in my life.
Stapeler guilty .
Shelson acquitted .
Mr. Barrot. I was in the Old Jury on Friday was se'nnight, and heard the cry, stop thief. Mr. Wright who was with me stopped the prisoner at the bar, and assistants that followed laid hold on him. The prosecutor said he had lost a handkerchief, and I observed something like one fly and drop as the prisoner was stopped; upon which I went to the place and took up this handkerchief which the prosecutor has swore to.
Q. Can you say the handkerchief dropped from the prisoner?
Barrot. I cannot say that.
Mr. Wright confirmed the account given by the last evidence.
I was coming by the Mansion-house, thinking no harm, I went down the Old Jury, and took no notice of any body, and turned into a lane going my direct way home; this gentleman came quick after me, I made room for him to come by, but he said you have got my handkerchief, and struck me on my head. I said what is that for? he said he would tell me presently. I ran for some body to assist me, then he called out, stop thief. I was so stunned by the blow I did not know which way I ran, and they stopped me and dragged me about.
Charles Appleby . On Saturday the 2d of this instant, about seven in the evening, going along Ludgate-Hill , I saw the glimpse of something fly by the side of my face, and turning saw the prisoner with my silk handkerchief in his hand. I took him by the collar. He said he would go with me where I pleased. I took him to the Fountain Tavern, sent for a constable, and he was secured.
Q. When do you remember you had it last?
Appleby. I had used it about three minutes before.
I never did such a thing in my life. Please to examine Mr. Lilley to my character.
Mr. Lilley. He is a very bad boy, I have seen him a drawer at an alehouse, he has been here two or three times, and is as bad a boy as can be.
See him an evidence on the trial of Fairbrother by the name of Degon, No 467, in Alderman Gascoigne's mayoralty.
173, 174. (L.) Thomas Strong was indicted for stealing eight bushels of malt, value 25 s. the property of William Pearson ; and one hempen sack, the property of Henry Barney , privately in the warehouse of William Pearson ; and Joseph Foulback for receiving the same, well knowing it to have been stolen , Feb. 16 . ++
William Pearson . I keep a warehouse at Bull Wharf near Queenhithe . I live at Horton near Windsor, and came to town the 18th of this instant, and when I came into the warehouse missed two sacks of malt. I called to the wharfinger to know if he knew any thing of the matter, and he told me I had been robbed. I refer the rest to the other evidences.
Timothy Bing . I am warehouse-keeper to Mr. Pearson, he had ten quarters of malt in twenty sacks came in on Saturday se'nnight. They were put into the warehouse about three o'clock in the afternoon, and I missed two sacks of it about six at night.
Q. How much did they contain?
Bing. Eight bushels. There being an alarm, some of it was taken away, we went and counted them on the Monday: I was at the taking up the Prisoner upon suspicion, and took him before my Lord-Mayor; there he confessed, that he and another person had taken them, and that he had sold one of them to Foulback for sixteen shillings, so we went with him to Foulback's house, in Petticoat-Lane; Strong asked Foulback for the sack, answered, he believed he could find it, and it was produced; it belongs to Henry Barney . The Prisoner Strong said, it was the sack he had the malt in, and that his partner (not taken) carried the other sack and shot the malt down, and took the sack away.
Richard Nash . I was before my Lord-Mayor, and heard the Prisoner Strong say, he could take us to one Foulback's in Petticoat-Lane, and shew us the binn where it was shot in. I went there with him, and bid him ask Foulback for the sacks; he said to him two or three times we are all blown; I said, that is nothing, let us have the sacks; he said, he did not know where they were at first: then he went into a room and took one, and delivered it to us, the same that is here produced, I believe.
William Jenkins . I work on the water, I saw Strong come out of Mr. Pearson's warehouse with a sack on his Back on the 16th of Feb. between three and four in the afternoon: I asked him what he had got there, he said, a sack of malt; I asked where he was going with it, he said, to Queenhithe. This I mentioned before him at my Lord-Mayor's, and he denied it.
Q. What sort of a sack?
Lullock. A large sack. He said, he had got some sweepings of malt and a piece of beef the bargeman had given him; I said, he should not go out with it till I saw what he had, and pushed it off his shoulders; it burst in the fall; then he went away: I went and fetched a candle, and found it was good malt.
Strong. He say I ran away; I staid there 'till he brought a candle.
Q. Look at this sack that is here produced.
Barney. It is my sack.
Richard Holmes . I am a constable, I was charged with the Prisoner Strong; in going up Bow-Lane I advised him to give information of those concerned with him. When we came into Cheapside I took him into the Magpye, there he was accused of having taken two sacks of malt; he owned he took one, and one Harry, he did not say the other name, that worked at Mrs. Whitfield's wharf, took the other. When we came before my Lord-Mayor he would not own it at first, but when he found he must go to gaol, he said to my Lord, what will it avail to send me to gaol? I can shew you the binn where the malt was shot, and here is a man will pay for it. I went with him to Foulback's in Petticoat-Lane, but did not go into the house, nor saw them bring a sack out.
Q. to Nash. What conversation had you with Foulback ?
Nash. In coming to my Lord-Mayor, I asked him, how he came to buy malt of Strong and the other person? he said, he did buy malt, and gave them ten shillings a sack, but Strong said, he gave him but eight shillings a sack, that is, sixteen shillings a quarter.
Stephen Rutt . When I went into Foulback's house on Monday se'nnight with the other witnesses, after Strong had asked him for a sack, he went into a place and took it out of a hole and gave it to me. This produced is it: I have had it in my custody ever since.
That Saturday as they talk of I was not near the warehouse.
Strong, Guilty 4 s. and 10 d.
Foulback, Acquitted .
175. (M.) Ann, wife of Edward Stephens , otherwise Ann Allen , widow , was indicted for stealing two silver stars, value 8 s. and three guineas and one half guinea, the goods and money of Margaret Cherry , widow , in the dwelling-house of the said Margaret. Feb. 6 . ++
Margaret Cherry . I live in Marybone parish, the Prisoner was a chairwoman to me; I lost three guineas and a half, and two silver stars, when she and I only were in the room. I had the money in my hand about eight or nine in the morning before she came in, and put it in a closet, and when she was gone I missed it. I sent after her, but she could not be found, nor did she come to her own apartment for ten days; after which we took her up: I taxed her with taking it, and she denied it, and said, she saw none of my money, but the shilling I gave her for her work.
Q. What day was this?
Cherry. It was of a Wednesday, about three weeks ago.
Q. Did she go to the place where the money was, to do any business?
Cherry. I sent her to clean out the closet.
Catharine Bullion . The Prisoner was brought into my house by three people at the coach and horses, in Great Marlborough-street, on a Saturday, the latter end of last month; the Prisoner had chair'd for me five years. I asked her, what made her do such a wicked action, as she was accused
Q. Did she produce the stars?
Bullion. No; I never saw or heard that she did. I always had a good opinion of her before this.
Sarah Knowles . I am the Prosecutrix's daughter, the Prisoner was charged with taking the money mentioned, being three guineas and a half: she did not say she took it, but she would make it up in work and money, what she could earn.
Cherry. No, I only keep the first floor.
I never saw any of the money.
176. (M.) Thomas Dean , was indicted for stealing one sconce looking glass, value 10 s. one set of curtains, one callico quilt, two blankets, two sheets, two pillows, two pillow-cases, one pair of bellows, one pair of tongs, and one fire shovel, the goods of Cornelius Dews , the same being in a certain lodging-room , let by contract, &c. February 14 .
+ Acquitted .
+. Acquitted .
Samuel Tavan . I lost two holland shirts within a fortnight, about a fortnight ago. Upon suspecting the Prisoner, who was servant at Mrs. Grant's, where I live, his box was searched by Mr. Eager and Mr. Ridge. One shirt produced in Court and deposed to: which was one that they brought down.
Q. Had you asked him after these shirts?
Tavan. I did, and he denied knowing any thing of them. Then I produced the shirt, and told him, it was taken out of his own box; he persisted upon having no knowledge of it. I took him before a magistrate, then he said the washerwoman brought it among his linnen.
Thomas Ridge . I belong to Westminster-school, and board at Mrs. Grant's, the Prisoner was servant there; I went and looked in the Prisoner's box, he being suspected to have taken several things, and at the bottom of it I found this shirt, here produced. It was clean, and folded up. This was not his proper box, in which he used to put his linnen.
Q. Was the box locked?
Ridge. It was, but we found the key in another box of his.
Q. How do you know it was the Prisoner's box?
Ridge. He owned it was: it was in the room where he lay.
Mr. Eager. I was present with Mr. Ridge at the searching the Prisoner's box. He confirmed the account given by Mr. Ridge.
Sarah Gyles . I washed for the Prisoner and Mr. Tavan. I washed this shirt here produced last, and ironed it. When I brought Mr. Tavan's linnen home, I used to deliver it in his room; and when I brought the Prisoner's home, I used to leave that in the laundry, where I carried all the young gentlemen's shirts.
Tavan. I am positive I gave this shirt to the woman on the eleventh of December last to wash.
I do not know how that shirt came in my box, except the washer-woman brought it home instead of one of mine.
He called John Watson , William Wade , and William Hendrey , who had known him, one four, the other seven, the other four or five years, who declared, they never heard any ill of him, but had but a small acquaintance with him.
Mr. Ridge. Upon the search we made at t he time I mentioned, we found this stock-buckle in the prisoner's box where the linen was.
Mr. Eager. I was with Mr. Ridge in this search, and saw the stock-buckle found in the prisoner's box. I have seen it in Mr. Biggs's custody since Mr. Davie went away.
I do not know how that buckle came into my box, or who put it there.
Guilty 10 d.
178. (M.) Sarah Prosser , spinster , was indicted for stealing two silver candlesticks, value 7 l. two silver nozels, value 10 s. one china cup and saucer, the goods of Joseph Partington , and three guineas the money of William Saunders , in the dwelling-house of Joseph Partington , Feb. 5 . ++
William Saunders . I live servant with Mr. Partington, the candlesticks, nozels, china cup and saucer belonged to my master. When I came down stairs on the 5th of February I found the pantry door open, which I had locked before I went to bed, and the sash of the kitchen window half up, which used to be shut over night. The prisoner was cook ; I went and told her the house was open, and that I feared it was robbed; upon which she said she would come down presently. I missed three guineas of my own from out of the pantry, which I had received the night before. My mistress came down, and in looking in the dust hole found two silver candlesticks shoved down therein, and a pair of black breeches put on them, and a snuff-box which I had put my money into the night before was found likewise in the dust hole. We were all to be examined, and our boxes to be searched. In the prisoner's pocket was found a china cup and saucer wrapt up. Then she was charged with taking the other things by my master; which she denied at first. The prisoner had a pantry which belonged to her, of which she had the key, and she said with that key, by giving my pantry door a little shake got it open, took my money, and threw it into the house of office, but said she did not take the candlesticks, or know how they came there. When she found the house of office was to be searched, she said she threw the money, with 22 s. of her own, out at a window. She was examined if any other person was concerned with her; she denied there was for some time, but at last said there was, but did not know who they were.
Q. from the prisoner. Will my key open your pantry door?
Saunders. No, I cannot open it with it.
Robert Chemford . I am an apprentice to the prosecutor, the first account I had of the affair was on the 5th of February, between seven and eight in the morning, by William Saunders , who came and called me up. I got up, went down, and found the pantry and kitchen door open. When my master came down it was proposed we and our boxes should be searched. A chest of drawers of mine was searched, and so was the prisoner; I was present when the two silver candlesticks were taken out of the dust-hole. I heard the prisoner own she took the three guineas, and she said at the same time that she did not take the candlesticks, and also that she had thrown the money, with about 22 s. of her own, down into the vault to avoid a discovery. When the search was proposed she continued in the same story some time, but at last she said she wrapped it up in a piece of paper and threw it into the street out of the window. She was asked if she had any body concerned with her. She denied she had, but at last said she had, but did not know who.
Q. How long had she lived in your master's house?
Chemford. About two or three months.
Q. Had she any threats or promises?
Chemford. She was threatened if she did not discover the affair to be sent to goal, and she was promised favour upon a discovery.
Mary Dodsley . I lived in the family, and on February the 5th I heard the prisoner say she put the three guineas down the vault, and after that she said she wrapt it up in a piece of paper and threw it out of the window, She utterly denied meddling with the silver candlesticks, and as to the cup and saucer she said she put them into her pocket to entertain her friends with, and that they were her master's property.
Q. Did you look upon her in her perfect senses at that time?
Q. Was this cup and saucer what she always used?
Dodsley. I never saw them before.
Joseph Partington . On the 5th of February I came down as usual, my servant told me the house had been robbed, and he had lost three guineas and two silver candlesticks. I desired to know in what situation he found the window; he shewed me, and that was with the sash half up, and that the pantry door was open, and the prisoner's box open, and her caps and ruffles thrown about. She said she had lost 22 s. but had found half a crown under the table, and her silver thimble in the ashes. I examined her box, but perceived no violence on it, and the same by the pantry door and window; then I suspected it must be done by some body within side. I proposed a general search to all of the servants, and all desired it, and said they could give no account of it. Presently I saw the snuff-box taken out of the dust-box, and William said that was the box his money was in. Then looking into the dust-hole I found the two pair of breeches, and the two silver candlesticks. I said I would begin to search for the money lost, and her money which she said she had lost; she was going to run from me when I went to search her. I found a blue and white china cup in a paper, my property; and searching farther I found some of Mrs. Partington's things in her pocket. Then I sent for a constable, upon which she seemed confused, and said she had thrown the three guineas down the vault. She fell on her knees, and said she should be ruined, and that she would make up the money if I would not hurt her character. I asked if any body was concerned with her. She said there was, but after that said she did not know who it was.
Q. Had you a good character with her?
Part. I had.
Q. Did not she say afterwards she had thrown the three guineas out of the window?
Part. She said she did. When she found she was to be searched, she ran up stairs and threw the money out of the window.
The prisoner had nothing to say for herself, but called Mrs. Banks, with whom she lived servant 13 months, Thomas Elderson and Joseph Phips , who had lived in the same family three years where the prisoner had lived servant; Mr. Bowen, who had known her fourteen or fifteen years; Mr. Wright, who had known her some years; Mr. Long, who had known her ten years; Martin Paddey , who had known her fourteen or fifteen years; Mrs. Hunt, who had known her a year and half; and Anne Steel , who had known her fourteen or fifteen years, who all gave her an exceeding good character.
Guilty 39 s.
John Dyer . Last Tuesday, about a quarter before eight at night, I was at the corner of Bucklersbury , I felt a man's hand at my pocket, and catched hold of it with my handkerchief in it. It was the prisoner at the bar; and his companions, on his being detected, immediately ran away. I secured him, and carried him to the Mansion-house, where he fell on his knees and begged for mercy.
Robert Flitter . I am an apprentice to Mr. Hall in Cornhill, and as I was going up the Poultry, at the upper end, near Bucklersbury, I saw the prisoner's hand in Mr. Dyer's pocket, and saw him cure him with the handkerchief in his hand, [the handkerchief produced in court] this is the very handkerchief.
Prosecutor. There is my name on the handkerchief.
For the Prisoner.
Guilty 10 d.
+ Acquit .
Luke Jeffries was indicted for stealing two silver spoons, value 8 s. the goods of James Taylor , January 17 . ++
The prosecutor keeps a publick-house in Marybone-street , the prisoner was his servant , the two spoons were missing in the morning of the 17th of January; the prisoner having eat last with one of them, and the other being at that time lying by him, he was suspected, and charged with taking them. He at first denied it, but after that owned before three witnesses he had taken them both, and given them to a brother-in-law of his about nine o'clock over night, who was going to France, in order to help to bear his charges.
It appears the ropes were safe on board the brigantine Phillis, lying on the river Thames, on the 8th of Feb. on the 9th they were missing. That the Prisoner was taken with them upon him, who said, he found them on a bulk at Cockhill, and that they were the property of captain John Lee and others. But Thomas Stubbs , the evidence, could not tell the names of the captain's partners. The Prisoner in his defence said, he found them, as before mentioned.
183, 184. (M.) William Dennis was indicted for stealing three pounds weight of candles, val. 1 s. 3 d. the property of Allen Parsons . Jan. 12 . and Joseph Wyate for receiving them, well knowing them to have been stolen. ++
The Prosecutor is a tallow-chandler , he sent Dennis his servant , with a parcel of candles to Mr. William Fairfax . They were weighed after delivered, and three pounds missing. The Prisoner was taken up, and owned he had taken the three pounds out of that parcel, and sold them to Wyate the other Prisoner; who, he said, had encouraged him to steal candles, and he had bought for three pence a pound of him. This he confessed before the justice, and his confession was taken in writing, and signed by him, and read in Court.
Dennis, Guilty , Wyate, Acquitted .
It appeared by the same confession, taken before the justice, the Prisoner had sold the three pounds of candles to the Prisoner Barker, but that she bought them at the common price that people buy them to sell again.
Dennis, Guilty .
Barker, Acquitted .
John Abbot . I am apprentice to the Prisoner, who is a wood carver , and lives by Islington lower turnpike. Alexander Layel, my fellow-apprentice, came and called me down stairs, and bid me go into my master's bed-chamber, on a night about eight or nine o'clock, about the beginning of Jan. there my master handed up to me two deal boards which he had in that day, and said to me, Jack, there is a board that stands by the building (which joined to the mad-house at the bottom of my master's garden) I will have it at night. After the board was taken up in the garret where we work, he scratched his head and said, it was a lucky hit, and would have another haul at them. [He looks at a letter.] This is my writing: I sent this to my uncle in Tower-street, who came to me afterwards with the other apprentice's brother and Mr. Blackey; my fellow-apprentice's brother read this letter to my master before my uncle and Mr Blackey; my master said after it was read, that it was a great oversight in him. I said, there is one of the boards marked J. C. above stairs; my master said, gentlemen, if you have a mind to walk up, you may see it.
[The letter read in Court to this purport.]
This comes to acquaint you, that I could not come to meet you at Islington on Sunday. My master employed me another way, not honestly; he forced me to steal two apple-trees, and a great many flower-roots, and box, for edgings of his garden. Every night he takes something or other out of doctor Battey's garden. Lately he took two deals out of the bricklayer's scaffold, worth two shillings or half a crown, and many other things. I desire you will find some remedy for it, or the consequence may be bad. Pray get some relief for me if you can.
P. S. My fellow-apprentice has sent to his brother in the Poultry.
Alexander Layel . I am sixteen years old; I have served four months all but six days to the Prisoner. My master went over the wall and took two deal boards from the bricklayer's scaffold, and handed them over to me, from out of doctor Battey's garden, about eight or nine o'clock at night, I do not know the day. He bade me go up to my fellow-apprentice and send him down to his bed-chamber to take the two boards in at the window, which he did with my help. There was J. C. on one of them. I was in the parlour when this letter was read to him; he told them, they acted like gentlemen of prudence, because they took a step not to injure his character: he owned it was all fact. He went and opened the window and bade them look out, and they might see the trees and things in the garden, and if they would go up stairs, they might see the boards.
John Abbot . The evidence Abbot that has been examined is my brother's son, I live in Tower-street. I received this letter from him, and went after that in company with Mr. Blackey and Mr. Layel to the Prisoner's house; there Mr. Layel read this letter to him; he confessed to the trees that we saw growing in his garden, and said, it was a thing that he should not have done, and begged we would not take away the boys; he did not deny taking the boards, and said the boys should go up stairs and shew them to us, but we did not go up to see them.
Q. Is the only reason for this prosecution because the boys were not discharged?
Abbot. It is the only reason. After that he desired we would leave the boys with him, and he would never do so any more.
John Blackey . I live in Gracechurch-street, the youngest apprentice is my nephew. I went with the last evidence and Mr. Layel to the Prisoner's house; Mr. Layel read this letter over to him, he confessed the charge in it: we desired to have the boys away; he said he would discharge the boys with all his heart, and that it was a very prudent step in us to come in that manner, and not to expose his character; and said, some of the boards were put upon the summer-house in his garden. We relied upon his promise, and he appointed to meet us in Tower-street, at Mr. Temple's; there he refused to deliver up the boys indentures and bonds, and summoned them to return. We applied to a justice of the peace, and he bound us over to prosecute.
This is a malicious prosecution. I never sent these boys to fetch any thing but my own. I know nothing of any boards. As Dr. Battey was clearing away in his garden he gave me liberty to fetch the things I have taken. This is a contrivance to get away the boys, now they are capable to do me some service.
For the Prisoner.
John Chidley . I am a bricklayer, and am building and repairing a mad-house for doctor Battey at Islington. I was sent for to come to justice Fielding's; there I was told, that a deal of things were taken from doctor Battey's grounds; the two boys were sworn; they said the same as now. I dare say doctor Battey would have given the Prisoner a load of trees, if he had asked for them. I heard the doctor say he had given the Prisoner's wife liberty to take the trees and odd bits of wainscot to help to build an arbour. The doctor went into the garden after this, and said in my hearing, all the things were not worth a shilling, had there been as much more, and that he was very welcome to as many more. The boys mentioned two boards before the justice, marked J. C. I mark my scaffolding-boards so. I ordered my man that has the care of the scaffolding to see if any were missing, neither he or I missed any. The boys then said they were two white deals, but mine are all yellow ones.
Q. Did not you miss deals from your scaffolding?
Chidley. No, nor did I believe I had lost any.
Q. Nor do you not believe you had now?
In a few days will be published the Second Part of these Proceedings.
Printed, and sold by M. COOPER, at the Globe in Pater-noster Row. 1754.
Kings Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery held for the City of London, &c.
Chidley. NO, upon my oath I do not. The two boys came to me about a month after the time they said they were taken, and told me of it: I said, why did not you tell me at that time? they said, they had not come then, but it was in order to get away their indentures; they pretended there was a great deal of wainscot taken. I got a search warrant and searched the Prisoner's premises, I found no scaffolding-boards or wainscot. I was asked to prosecute this man at the justice's, I said, would you have me prosecute a man when I find nothing upon him? I went away; after that two constables came and fetched me back by the arms, and I was bound over to prosecute; after that the justice said, Sir, are you content? I said, would you have me tell a lye? I am not content; this was the blind Mr. Fielding; who said, we must prosecute this man, or we shall not get the boys discharged. This is as mere a handle of these people as ever was invented.
John Mariot . I worked journey-work with the Prosecutor, I have known Abbot the apprentice break his work, and then lay a stick in his master's way, in order that his master might beat him, that he might get his indentures sued out by his uncle. I have heard him say several times, he would get away either by fair or soul means.
Q. to Abbot the apprentice. Did you ever say you would get away from your master at all events ?
Abbot. No, I never did.
Chidley. He has said to me many times, that he would get away at all events.
Q. Was this declaration before this charge on his master?
Mariot. It was.
Q. What is the Prisoner's character?
Mariot. He always bore a good one; I never heard any ill of him in my days.
Sidney Williams . Abbot the apprentice has said to me several times, provided I did not tell his master, he would tell me so and so. He said, he had a mind to sue out his indentures, and had a scheme that would do, and then he could work for himself, and could earn a great deal of money, and that he had brought the youngest apprentice into his own way. He said once to me, his master had struck him, thinking he had put tallow into a marrow-bone for his master to eat.
Richard North . I have known the Prisoner fourteen or fifteen years, I take him to be as honest a man as lives. I keep a nursery-garden at Lambeth. I told him, if he had a mind for a dozen or two of trees he was welcome. I once sent a man with some and other things; he knew he might have had as many as he would from me for sending for them; I cannot think he would go to steal the doctor's trees, when he might have had as many as he would for nothing.
Mrs. Pascote. I have known the Prisoner between eleven and twelve years, he has the character of a very honest faithful man.
Mrs. Long. I have known him upwards of eight years, he is as just and honest a man as any in England.
Mr. Ward. I have known him six or seven years, he is as worthy and honest a man as ever lived.
Mr. Preston. I have known him seventeen years, he is a very honest man.
187. (M.) George Larmer , was indicted for stealing one wig, value 5 s. the property of William Bird , and one wig, value 5 s. the property of Tho Copley , and one wig, value 5 s. the property of John Wilson . Feb. 8 .
The Prosecutrix Jane Watson deposed, she was a barber's widow, and employed the Prisoner as a journeyman , who had been there four months: that on the 8th of Feb. she went out and left him in the shop, which was about half an hour after twelve, and that she came back again before the clock struck one, and he was gone; and that her wig boxes were turned upside-down, which gave her suspicion that all the wigs were not there; and that upon searching the boxes, she missed those wigs laid in the indictment. She likewise deposed, that one Arman Loins brought the Prisoner back to a publick-house and sent for her, and that she charged him with having stolen the wigs, which he deased saying, he knew nothing of them; but after some examination before justice Bennet, he at last confessed the fact.
Thomas Wilson and Thomas Copley were the proprietors of two of the wigs. The first deposed, that he shaved with the Prosecutrix, and that when he came for his wig it was gone; that when the Prisoner was taken he was before the justice with him, and heard him confess the selling of the three wigs, and said he sold his wig for nine pence, tho' he owned before the justice it was worth five shillings, and that he sold Bird's wig upon the same footing as his, for nine pence. The second deposed, that when he heard the Prisoner was taken he went down to Tothill-Fields-Bridewell to him, where the Prisoner confessed to him, that he sold his wig for a shilling to a hackney-coachman and the coachman's old wig.
The Prisoner in his defence said, that when he went out he left all the wigs in the shop, and that he went out to seek for a better place.
188. (M.) Mary Jones , widow , was indicted for stealing three flat-irons, value 3 s. one box-iron, value 3 d. one iron pestle, value 6 d. and an iron padlock and key, value 6 d. the goods of William Cowley . Feb. 8 .
++ Guilty .
190. (M.) William Saunders , was indicted, for that he, on the 27th of Jan . about the hour of two in the morning of the same day, the dwelling-house of Thomas Starkey , did break and enter, and one hen, of the value of 12 d. the property of the said Thomas, in the said dwelling-house, did steal, take and carry away . ++
Thomas Starkey . I live at Harwin, in Middlesex , about two o'clock my neighbours called me up and said my door was broke open, it was the door belonging to my dwelling-house. When I came down I missed the hen; I then went and called up an officer of the peace, and we went to search the Prisoner's house, (he lives just by me;) when we went in, there was the pot over the fire, and the feathers of the hen down by him on the floor. We then looked about to see whether we could find her or no; while we were looking, the Prisoner took this iron, producing it, (which was a poker) and struck me about, so that I was forced to go out of the house; when I came back again with a stronger guard the Prisoner was gone off.
Q. Would you swear to the feathers of your hen?
Starkey. They were very much like them.
Q. Can you upon your oath say he took the hen?
Starkey. No, I cannot, because I could not find it; but I would venture to take my oath this iron (which was the same poker) broke the door open; for when it was put into the marks made in wrenching the door it fitted exactly, and is bent with the strain.
Hannah Starkey . The Prisoner came and called under my chamber-window at two o'clock in the morning: he called my husband twice and me once, I was awake at that time, my husband was not. Presently afterwards my neighbours called out, that Saunders was breaking the doors open, and that they heard the hen cry; with that I awaked my husband, and he got up and went down stairs directly; as soon as he came down stairs the Prisoner was gone.
Q. Did you hear his voice that night ?
Richard Hancocks . I am headborough; Mr. Starkey called me up, I went with him to the Prisoner's house, there I saw the pot over the fire, and the feathers lay upon the floor by the Prisoner; he set at victuals.
Hane. No, I know nothing of the hen, we charged him with the robbery, but he denied it. He then assaulted me as well as the prosecutor with the iron, and he over-powered us, and made us go home; where we staid till day-light, and till we got further guard.
Q. Did you look into the pot that was boiling ?
Hane. I did; there was never a hen there; I do not know what they did with it.
191, (M.) Mary Connor , widow , was indicted for stealing one pair of linen sheets, value 5 s. one blanket, value 2 s. the goods of Joseph Grahan , out of a certain lodging room let by contract to be used by the said Mary, &c. February 27 .
++ Guilty .
++ Acquit .
193. (M.) Matth.ew Barrot was indicted for stealing two gate irons, value 1 s. the property of Daniel Cluing , four gate irons, value 2 s and one iron lock and iron chain , the goods of persons unknown, Jan. 29 .*
194. Jacob Sampson was indicted, for that he, on William Jones , in the dwelling-house of Thomas Harris , did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing from his person one silver watch, value 50 s. his property , February 20 . ++
William Jones . I was walking up Fleet-street, about two o'clock in the afternoon, on the 20th of February, a man followed me in a livery, whom I had never seen before; he walked along by my side some way, and asked me if I knew of any young man that wanted a place. I said I did, for I was out of place. I went along with him by his desire to Thomas Harris's house, the Black Horse in Boswell Court , where he said he would be three halfpence with me and have a pint of hot. Before we had this liquor the prisoner and another man came in, and called for some beer, and talked to each other. Then they went to gaming at pricking at a string, the prisoner produced it, and said there was never such a thing in the world as that. The other person that was with him won a shilling of him; then the three men played all at it, and they asked me to play, but I would not, and said I had but a little money. I had not been there above a quarter of an hour before I said I wanted to go, but as the beer was not drank up, they wanted me to stay till it was out. I pulled out my watch to look what o'clock it was, the table being but narrow, the prisoner reached over it, and wrenched the watch out of my hand by force, and put it into his pocket, without saying a word to me. I was uneasy, and wanted it again, but one of the men took me by the arm, collared me, held his hand to my mouth, and hid my face, and the other man stood before me, and the prisoner said if I did not hold my tongue, and keep from making disturbance in the house, it should be the worse for me. Then the prisoner ran away, and as soon as the other two let me loose, I got out of the house, and called, stop thief. and many people ran after him He was presently taken, by the time he had run about 300 yards. I then charged him with stealing my watch, and carried him to Justice Fielding, who was not at home. We then carried him to the sign of the Barley-mow, where he was searched, and my watch found upon him.
Q. Was you put in bodily fear when your watch was wrenched out of your hand?
Jones. I was very much affrighted.
David Buck . On the 20th of February two men brought the prisoner to Justice Fielding's, the Justice not having done dinner, they carried him over to the Barley-mow. I was there, and searched his pockets, and found this watch in his coat pocket. [Produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutor.]
Daniel Collins . On the 20th of last month I was at work in the Butcher-row, and saw two men run by. About two or three minutes after there came a gentleman, who asked me if I saw two men run by. I said I had. He said run after them, one of them has robbed a man. I ran, and overtaking the prisoner, took hold of him by the collar in Carey-street. He desired I would let him go, saying, he was running after the thief himself. I held him, and presently came the prosecutor, who said, that man has robbed me of my watch. We took him to Justice Fielding's, and from thence to the Barley-mow, where he was searched, and the watch taken out of his pocket.
Prisoner. That evidence was one of the men drinking with Jones.
I was at play along with a man with this thing, [ holding a piece of list in his hand ] he came in along with the prosecutor; I will not swear to the man. They had a pint of hot, and I called for a pint of beer. I said I have got a thing in my pocket with which I will play with you who shall pay for both. He said done. I then pulled it out, we played, and I was to pay. Then the prosecutor and I played for six-pence a time, and he won six-pence of me, and after that a shilling more. He then said, what will you play for now? I said for ten guineas if you like it. He said he had not so much money, but I have my watch, which I'll lay against eight guineas. I laid my money down, and he his watch; and at that interim of time the maid came in, who saw the watch lie on the table, but we did not play till she went out again, and then I won the watch. He said it is an unlawful game, I will have it again. I said I will keep it. He said I will call out, stop thief. Then there came an Irishman, who said, if you call stop thief you will have your watch again. I ran away, and he after me.
Q. to the prosecutor. Did you game with the prisoner by pricking at the lift?
Pros. No, I did not.
Q. Did you lose your watch at gaming?
Pros. No, I did not; I did not play at all.
Q. from prisoner. Had you not played with me for six-pence?
Pros. No, I did not pull a six-pence nor a half-penny out of my pocket.
Q. Did you play to see who should pay the reckoning?
Pros. No, I did not, nor for any thing else.
Q. to Buck. When you searched the prisoner did you find any guineas upon him?
Buck. No, I did not; I found six or seven shillings and six or seven counters upon him, in a purse, the money at one end and the counters at the other.
For the Prisoner.
Mary Welch . I live at Mr. Harris's at the Black Horse in Boswell-Court, the prisoner, prosecutor, and two other men came in there all together last Tuesday was se'nnight; they had a dinner there of boiled tripe, and all dined together, and they called for a pint of beer and a pint of hot made of ale and gin. When I came in with the beer after dinner there lay a watch on the table, [here the prosecutor desired they might be examined apart, and the other evidences were put out of court] and some money; the prosecutor laid his hand on the watch.
Q. What money did you see?
Welch. There was some gold, about five or six guineas, but I did not stay above five minutes in the room. I listened to what they were playing at, and the prisoner said here is my gold against your watch. The prosecutor said done.
Q. Did you see which of them won?
Welch. No, I did not; I had been out about a quarter of an hour, and was fitting in the back room when they were going away; then the prosecutor said he would have his watch again, and that it was not a fair game. The prisoner said he won it fairly. Then the prosecutor met an Irishman at the door, whom he told the prisoner had won his watch at playing with a garter. The Irishman said cry stop thief, and you will get your watch again.
Q. Who dressed the dinner?
Welch. The woman of the house?
Q. How long have you lived in that house?
Welch. About three weeks.
Q. What time did they go to dinner?
Welch. Between two and three o'clock.
Then Thomas Joyner, a soldier, another evidence, was called in, and all that he could say was hearsay from the last evidence; and when asked, he said the maid had lived in that house about a fortnight; and although he lived in the same house, he neither saw nor heard of any dinner the prosecutor and prisoner had dressed there.
Then Sarah Elice was called in, who deposed, she had known the prisoner about seven years, and she believed him to be an honest man.
Guilty Death .
Robert Evans , February 21 .
+ Guilty .
+ Guilty 10 d.
197, 198. (M.) James Abbot , otherwise John Champness , and Elizabeth Brown , were indicted, the first for that he, on the king's highway, in a certain open place called Hyde Park , on Mary Crook , widow , did make an assault, putting her in corporal fear and danger of her life, and stealing from her person one linen shift, value 1 s. 6 d. the goods of the said Mary; one linen shirt, the property of Henry Coombs ; one muslin apron, the property of Jane Blackshaw ; one linen apron, one cotton frock for a child, one linen shift, and two pair of ruffles , the goods of Richard Noel : And the second for receiving the aforesaid goods well knowing them to be stolen , Dec. 1 .*
Mary Crook. I was going from Brook-street to Hammersmith on the first of December last, about a quarter before five in the afternoon, on foot. I had in my hand a bundle of linen, tied up in a handkerchief, [mentioning the goods over] Jane Blackshaw was with me when we came into Hyde Park, and when we came to the pond head, the prisoner, Abbot, came up to me, and put a pistol to my breast, and said, D - n you, deliver to me this moment, and make no noise, for if you do I will shoot you dead. Pray, said I, do not stop me, I have but a trifle in my pocket, and am a poor widow. He said, D - n you, do not tell me you are a poor widow, deliver to me what you have got upon the spot, or you are a dead woman; I will have your money or your life before you wag a step farther. The child ran from me crying, I put my hand into my pocket, and gave him about 3 s. Said he, is this all you have got. I said it was. Then he said, D - n you, what have you got in your bundle? I said nothing but a few things for myself and a child. D - n you, said he, I will have that or you are a dead woman this moment. I am fare that during this time his pistol was at my head and breast six times at least. I gave him my bundle, upon which he ran away as hard as he could, and I ran on to the child, [the bundle produced in court, all but the man's shirt, and deposed to at the property of the persons mentioned in the indictment ] I found my shift in Abbot's lodgings in a box; the other evidences will give an account of the other things.
Jane Blackshaw . I was going with Mary Crook to Hammersmith on the first of December, she was stopped in Hyde Park at the Pond Head by the prisoner Abbot. [She confirmed the testimony of Mary Crook .]
Richard Noel . I live at Hammersmith, and have a town house in Great Brook-street; Mary Crook is my wife's sister, and she lives with me. She coming home, and relating this robbery to me, some time after some of my neighbours supposing it might have been committed by one Price, told me if so, very probably the goods were to be found at a pawnbroker's, one John Clare's, in Duke-street. I got a search-warrant on the 7th of this instant February, and went and searched his apartment; he lives at the house of one Elkins, up one pair of stairs; there I found all the things mentioned in the bundle, except the shirt and shift. On the Monday after a messenger came and told me the two prisoners were in custody, and they were brought before the Justice, and there Abbot denied the robbery. The woman said the things were her property, and that she had had a child that died some time before, to which the child's cloaths belonged, and she acknowledged the pawning of them there. She passed for the prisoner Abbot's wife.
John Clare . I am a pawnbroker, and live in Duke-street, Grosvenor-square, on the 10th of Dec. last Elizabeth Brown came and pawned this bundle for three shillings to me, (that is all but the shirt and shift here produced ) in the name of Eliz. Brown.
Q. Did you know her before?
Clare. She had been three or four times before with me to pawn things.
Q. Had you had ever seen Abbot ?
Clare. He has been two or three times to pawn things with me also. On the 7th of February the constable and Mr. Noel came and owned the things mentioned: They desired I would stop the person that brought them when she came again; which I did on the 11th. Then she begged she might send for her husband, which she did, and Abbot came, and he being suspected to be the person who committed the robbery, was thereupon stopped, but I being very ill did not go with them before the Justice.
John Lomas . I am a constable of St. George's, Hanover-square, on the 7th of this instant Mr. Noel brought me a search-warrant to search this pawnbroker's apartment, it is up one pair of stairs at a publick-house; we found this bundle there, and after that the woman came again, and wasMary Crook . Elizabeth Brown fully denied being Abbot's wife several times in my hearing, saying she had an unhappy husband, but she did not know where he lived. I had an order to search her room, and there I found this shift, [here producing one which Mary Crook deposed to] I found also a powder-horn with gunpowder in it.
I carried the goods to the pawnbroker about three days after I heard this robbery was committed. About three in the morning I was going out, and in Duke-street, just by my lodgings, I met a woman with this bundle in her hand. She asked me if I would buy the things in it, and opened them; I looked at them, and asked what she would have for them. She said she was in distress for money, and would sell them for 4 s. and I unfortunately bought them of her for 2 s. 6 d. Abbot and I live together, but I mostly go by my husband's name, which was Brown; I do not say Abbot is my husband.
Abbot guilty , Death .
There was another indictment against him for stealing two watches, and she for receiving, &c. but being cast was not tried on that.
200, 201. (M.) Jane wife of James Dowerty , and Mary Miles , spinster , were indicted for stealing two linen sheets, one cotton gown, and one linen apron, the goods of Elizabeth Gilham , widow , and one sign , the property of Matth.ew Coningham , Dec. 16 .
++ Both acquit .
++ Guilty .
++ Acquit .
++ Both acquit .
206. (M.) George Miles was indicted for that he, in a certain field or open place, near the king's highway, on John Briscall did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing from his person one silver watch, value 3 l. one cornelian seal set in silver, value 10 s. one silver medal, and 7 s. 6 d. 1/2 in money , Feb. 21 .
John Briscall. On the 21st of this instant Feb. about half an hour after five at night, I was going from Southampton-row to Tottenham-Court ; as I entered the first field I saw the prisoner with soldiers cloaths and an apron on. I saw he belonged to the first regiment of guards, and he had a sword under his arm. I passed him, and he followed me apace towards Powis's wells. I was obliged to walk on the grass, and could hear his footsteps quick after me, so that I perceived he gained ground, and before I reached the stile in the second field he made a spring and got before me, and held the sword over my head in the scabbard, and asked me if I had any money. I said yes. He said give it me directly. I said I would, and desired he would not hurt me. Then he took his sword, and drew it about half out, and said, D - n you, no delay, your watch. Then I delivered that and my money, ( it was a silver watch with a cornelian seal to it) and three half crowns in silver, a queen Anne's silver medal, and a halfpenny.
Q. Did you deliver willingly?
Briscall. No, very unwillingly. When he went away, I pursued him, so as to get intelligence of him by one David Osgood , who went with me the next day to the parade at St. James's. I had described the prisoner, and told what regiment he belonged to. While we were drinking a pint of beer at the Axe-and-Gate in Downing-street, Westminster, the prisoner came in. I challenged him with the robbery, and sent for a constable, and took him before Justice Lediard.
Pros. This is my watch which was taken from me at that time.
Thomb. Last Friday in the forenoon I was sent for to the Axe-and-Gate in Downing-street. The prosecutor shewed me the prisoner, and said he
Prosecutor. I went there, and found the person that had bought it, and paid him half a crown for it, and had it again.
I never saw the Prosecutor till he came to take me up at the Axe-and-Gate : to be sure the watch was found upon me. I had light of a woman that sells hardware the night before, that uses the Parade in the Park, she told me she had a watch to sell, and desired I would go with her and either pawn or sell it for her; she said, she bought it for thirty-five shillings. I went to pawn it, and the pawnbroker said, he never lent above fifteen shillings on any watch: then I went to carry it back to the woman, and when I came into the house she was just gone; then this gentleman and a fellow-soldier came up to me, and said, he thought it was me that had robbed him of his watch.
Guilty , Death .
105. (M.) Edward Lankford , was indicted for stealing twenty-seven ells of silk, called tabby, value 14 l. two silk handkerchiefs, value 8 s. one yard and a half of sattin, eight other yards of sattin, four other yards of sattin, nine other yards of sattin, one yard of velvet, twelve yards of fustian, two yards and a half of woollen cloth, seven yards of linen cloth, and many other goods, the property of Hannah Glass , widow , privately in her warehouse; it was laid also for stealing them in the dwelling-house . August 1 .
Hannah Glass. I am a habit-maker , the Prisoner was servant to me between five and six years. I considered him as my servant till the 2d of July last. He came backwards and forwards after that, and I paid him for his attendance; he had not settled his books till about August, at which time he was ill, and had been some time before he had the care of my whole business. He bought in all my goods, served in the shop, and kept my books, and I had very great losses at the time he was my servant, but did not suspect him, till one day, my daughter being at a house in the city, about the 6th of Feb. where was the Prisoner's daughter, who said, she was going to have a new suit of cloaths, of a rich yellow tabby; and that her pappa had had it by him a great while, and it was a whole piece. My daughter told me of it when she came home; and I having lost so many things, that it is impossible to tell my losses; I made diligent search for this piece. I never had but this one piece so rich a yellow silk in my life, I could not find it.
Q. Are you certain it was not sold?
Hannah Glass . I am very sure it was not. Then I sent Mr. Manger to the mantua-maker, who, the daughter said, had it to make, for a piece of the silk, to see if it was the silk I had lost, which he did, and I have all the reason possible to believe it my silk which I missed Then I looked over my books to see when this piece came in, and found it came in in Feb. was twelve-month. Then we went and took the silk and the Prisoner before Mr. Fielding, there he was charged with taking it; he said, he bought it of a Jew, in St. Mary-Axe, for seven shillings and sixpence a yard, and that there was thirty-four yards: [she holds it in her hand.] I do verily believe it is my silk. I never since I was in business had but this one piece of such rich yellow silk, for which I gave the maker 11 s. an ell. I got a search-warrant and searched the Prisoner's house, there I found two silk handkerchiefs, one about the Prisoner's head, and the other about his neck, which I can swear to be my property: [she took them both in her hand, and measured them by one in her pocket : they were uncommon ones for largeness.] These I swear are my property. It was a piece of taffaty, of a bad colour, and I had it printed in eight handkerchiefs for my own use. I believe there is none so large, and such as these are, in London.
Q. Did you give the Prisoner these?
Hannah Glass . No, I did not. I had lost three out of the eight, and was much inquiring after them to the Prisoner; he said, you have left them behind you, where you go; you having a multiplicity of business, may have forgot them.
Q. Did you ever sell any of these eight handkerchiefs?
Q. What were each of them worth ?
Hannah Glass . I reckon they were worth seven shillings and sixpence each when new. I found a very great deal of goods at the Prisoner's house, which I verily believe to be my property, and such as I had lost, but I will not swear particularly to them.
On her cross-examination she said, she discharged the Prisoner, because he lived at a high rate, and she could not think how that could be; that she had no other yellow tabby silk in her shop, except what was in masquerade-dresses; that she strongly suspected the yellow silk to be hers, from an observation that she had before made, that the salvage was not so good as might have been expected to such a silk. That she does not believe there is another piece of yellow tabby so rich as to match it.
Mr. Lawrence. I made two particular pieces of yellow silk tabby, one for Mrs. Glass, and the other Mr. Henley in Cheapside had. I delivered Mrs. Glass's on the 27th of Feb. was twelve-month; [he takes the piece produced in his hand.] I know it by the silk and the leasures. I am certain this is what was made by my order, and which I sold to Mrs. Hannah Glass : there is no difference in the two pieces, only about a quarter of a yard of the salvage is altered in that of Mr. Henley's, being a mist ake in the woman that warped it; and I had observed it before it went out of my hands; they were made a small matter richer than common. [He produced a small piece cut off of Mr. Henley's piece, and compared it.] It may be seen that nothing but the scissars parted the two pieces, they being wove one after the other. I sent my servant William Cherry with this piece to Mrs. Glass; the price she was to give me was eleven shillings an ell.
William Cherry . I am apprentice to Mr. Lawrence, I carried a yellow tabby to Mrs. Glass's about a year ago, but did not see it opened, and delivered to Mr. Lankford at Mrs. Glass's warehouse; I never was there but that time.
Burnham Capling. Mr. Lankford delivered a piece of yellow silk to make up a gown and tail for his daughter; [he looks at the piece:] I think this is the piece. Mr. Manger came and desired I would let him have a pattern of it, and after that it was demanded of me by a constable, and I delivered it to Mr. Manger.
John Manger . I went by desire of Mrs. Glass to get a pattern of this yellow silk, I cut it off the fag end. [He looked at the piece of silk.] This is the same I went afterwards for, and Mr. Copling delivered to me; it has been in my custody ever since.
Council for the Prisoner. If you leave it to me as your council, I am of opinion not to examine her.
Prisoner. I leave it to you.
Court. Now she is here, and the Prisoner desires it, why may she not be examined, as she is sworn ?
Council. Then she shall.
Mary Lankford . I am daughter to the Prisoner. I remember one masquerade night Mrs. Glass took them two handkerchiefs out of her pocket and gave them to my father, and bid him keep them to carry out bundles with, and he took and kept them till the officers came and took them away; my father was then in bed. I told him, Mrs. Glass was come; he got up, and pulled them off as usual, and she said, they were her property.
Q. How long ago is it since this masquerade night?
Q. What time of the year are they there?
Mary Lankford . I believe they are always in the summer. I remember Mrs. Glass's coming to our house in a coach in August, she said in my hearing to him, she did not discharge him for any dislike, but for that the world said they were criminally great. My father desired to know who were the authors of such an assertion ? She said, they were gentlemen and men of fortune, which was the reason she would not give up their names. And getting into the coach to go home, she said, she would be a friend to the family.
Q. Did you look upon these handkerchiefs as a gift?
Q. How could you do that, when you say she mentioned them to carry out bundles with?
Mary Lankford. It was to carry out bundles with, and to keep them, as I understood it.
On her cross-examination she said, none was in the hearing of this reason of discharging her father, but he, her mother, brother and she.
John Curson , Esq. I have known the Prisoner I believe five or six years at Mrs. Glass's; I have heard her say before this, she believed him to be an honest man.
Mr. Nevil. I live in Newgate-street, I have known the Prisoner twenty years; I never knew any thing to the detriment of his character before this affair.
Mr. Curtice. I am a fishmonger, and lived over-against the Prisoner in Newgate-street, about twenty years, he had a very honest character while he lived there. I cannot answer for what has been since.
John Poyner . I live at Islington, and have known the Prisoner about nine or ten years. I am an apothecary, and have attended him and his family; he always paid me as an honest man. I never heard any ill of his character before this.
Guilty of felony only .
106. (M.) Gerrard Gervise , was indicted, for stealing eight guineas and a half, and seven shillings and sixpence in money, numbered, and two gold rings, value 12 s. the goods and money of William Hall , in his dwelling-house . Dec. 5 . +
William Hall. I keep the Blue-Anchor , in Whitechapel ; the Prisoner lodged about nine nights in my house; and went away about the latter end of November. On the 5th of Dec. he lay at my house, and went out on the 6th, between eight and nine in the morning; he desired he might lie there till he went to sea, saying he was soon to go. On the 6th of Dec. I missed eight guineas, one half guinea, seven shillings and sixpence in money, and two gold rings, from out of a drawer in the chamber he lay in. Having heard the Prisoner had bought a large pair of silver buckles, I took him up, and asked him how he came to use me so? he answered, he was very sorry for what he had done, and said, he hoped I would make things easy, and his father would make up all things with me. He confessed every thing, how he took the money and rings; he was searched, and only three halfpence found upon him.
William Gander . On Thursday the 6th of Dec. about nine in the morning, I saw the Prisoner cheapening a pair of large silver buckles at Mr. Bond's shop, in Whitechapel parish; after that the same day I heard Mr. Hall had been robbed; then I told Mr. Hall where I had seen the Prisoner buying a large pair of silver buckles; said he, he had no money over-night, for I lent him some. We went to the silversmith's shop, and found he had laid out about two guineas there; I took the Prisoner up on Tower-Hill; I heard him say when I charged him with this affair, he knew what he had done, and hoped I would make things easy. I took him to Mr. Hall's, and charged an officer with him, and he was taken before the justice, there he confessed every thing.
Thomas Jess . I am constable, I was sent for to Mr. Hall's house and took charge of the Prisoner. I asked him, how he came to do this thing ? he said, he was sorry for it, and hoped Mr. Hall would make things easy with him. He said, he had bought a hat, wig, coat, waistcoat, breeches, and buckles with the money he had taken, and had them on.
I lay at my Prosecutor's house on the 5th of Dec. last, and went away in the morning to my aunt's: she asked me, if I intended to go abroad? I said, yes: she gave me six guineas to buy myself cloaths; she gave me one gold ring, and one I had before; she is dead. I changed away the rings where I bought the buckles; they told me I was to go to gaol, and I did not know what to do, so I owned it.
Guilty of stealing, but not in the dwelling-house .
107. (L.) Walter Nichols , was indicted, for stealing one trunk, value 21 s. fourteen paper books, covered with calf-skin, one paper alphabet to a book, called a leidger, two envoice books, value 7 s. six reams of writing-paper, value 2 l. 19 s. two quarts of red ink, one dozen of pencils, six brass files, two pounds of vermilion, two pounds and a half of sealing-wax, four hundred of quills, twelve paper books, twelve other books, six other books, six quires of plain cut paper, one hundred of pens, one quire of fine writing-paper, and other things , the goods of William Woodbridge , lying on a certain key, near the river Thames. January 20 *.
William Fielder. I live with Mr. Thomas Hook , a stationer, in Walbrook; I packed a large quantity of books on the 24th of Jan. bound in rough calf, in a hair-trunk, they were charged in the bill of parcels at upwards of twenty-five pounds value. There was a leidger and journal, two wasteJohn Higgingbottom , a carman, and helped to put them in the cart, directed for Mr. Woodbridge for exportation.
James Higingbottom . I am servant to Mr. John Meager , a carman, I went to Mr. Hook's house in Walbrook, on a Friday, about one o'clock, I do not know the day of the month. I took up a trunk that was delivered to me by William Fielder , it was a large one matted and corded, he helped me up with it into the cart, and gave me a note of the ship's name it was to go by, and also the captain's name, and directed me to carry it to Bear-Key, and to deliver it to Anthony Isles the porter. I carried it down, and struck it on the key, and gave Mr. Isles the note; this I believe was between the hours of two and three in the afternoon.
Anthony Isles . I am a porter at Bear-Key, and have the care of the goods for exportation; James Higingbottom brought the trunk he has been mentioning to me there on Friday the 18th of January, he brought it in order to be left there till such time it was shipped; he delivered the note to me, and I ordered him to unload it on the key, but do not remember I ever saw it afterwards. In three or four days after Mr. Woodbridge sent word to me by his clerk to have that trunk shipped, with other of his goods; then I went to see for it, and found it was not there.
John Ford . On the 20th of Jan. to the best of my knowledge, between two and three in the morning, I and Walter Nichols went to Bear-Key with intent to steal what we could. We took a large trunk, I believe between 2 and 300 lb. weight, from off the key, and carried it into a small boat, and rowed down the river with it as far as Mill Stairs, (we are both watermen) there we broke the top part of the trunk, which was matted, corded round, and locked. We took all the goods out of it, and put them in the wherry, and flung the trunk over-board. There were almost all manner of stationary ware, large and small bound books, a great deal of paper, ink in two little stone bottles, sealing-wax, wafers, pens, and several other thing. I staid in the boat, and Walter Nichols went and called John Joyner , who came down with him, and brought two sacks, which we put the goods into, and they two carried them to Walter Nichols 's mother's house in the Folly. I went with them, we there took them out, and Joyner put them into his own chest, except a few which it would not hold, which were put into a sack, and Joyner carried them to Mr. Holmes's warehouse, which is the Duke of Cumberland's Head, just by Dock Head, and I carried the rest in the sack to the Blue Ball, a Publick-house, in Five-foot-Lane. After that they were moved out of the warehouse into an empty house; I was not there at the time, but was there afterwards along with Daniel Cutts , John Joyner , one Graham, and the prisoner at the bar; we went there with intent to burn all that was not sold: Some of them were sold to two Jews who were strangers.
Q. Who sold them ?
Ford. I did; I went to one Abraham Roberts in the Minories, and related the case to him, and he said he would get two of his friends to come over and buy them. After which there came two Jews, I do not know their names, I sold the paper, sealing-wax, two bottles of ink, and wafers, for 12 s. and I, the prisoner, and John Joyner divided the money between us, we had 1 s. 6 d. each, and the rest was spent in liquor.
William Graham . On the 24th of Jan. last at night I carried some beer to John Ford at an empty house in Hickman's Folly, where was the prisoner, Joyner, and Daniel Cutts : John Ford began first to burn the books; they had four large books in a sack; they began to cut the covers off, and there was wrote on them in Turkey leather, Ledger Wast-book, and Envoice Book; they burnt them all.
Q. Do you know any thing of seeing these books before this?
Graham. On the 20th of Jan. in the morning I was called out of my bed by Joyner, he desired me to open my master's back door and he would bring in a chest. I went to the back door, where was Joyner, Nichols, and Cutts, and the chest. I asked Joyner what he had got there. He said it was stationary ware, and what was that to me. I told them my landlord was not up, and I believed he would not allow the things to be there. I saw four large books in a sack they had with them, they were not opened, but I saw the edges of the paper marbled, and covered with calf; and after that they came and carried them away to the Ship and Blue Ball in Five-foot-Lane, and from thence to the house where they were burnt.
James Leafe . I live in Hickman's Folly, in the parish of Bermondsey, and as I was coming home on the 24th of Jan. between eight and nine at night, my wife standing at the door said, I am glad you are come home, there is a chimney on fire at that empty house: I went to the house, there I found a fire, and having my pole-axe in my hand, desired to be let into the room, or upon refusal I would break open the door. I spoke to them, hearing people there, four or five times, but had no answer. At last I got in, there was Walter Nichols , John Joyner , and Ford, and books were a burning. I said I see you have been doing what you should not have done, upon which they all went away, and gave me no answer. There was but little of the books left but what was burnt, only some small pieces of paper, the rest were burnt to a coal.
The prisoner in his defence said, he was drinking with the evidence Ford on a Saturday night; that Ford asked him to give him a cast over the water, and that he was rowing him to Billingsgate, but Ford wanted him to carry him to Bear-Key; which he did; that Ford got out and desired his assistance with that trunk into the boat, and he helped him in with it; that Ford told him he was to have carried it to a ship at Cherry-Garden Stairs the day before, but by mistake he had omitted it; that they shoved off the boat, and Ford said, You dog, now I have made you, for this is worth 3 or 400 l. being silks and velvets: Then he went on, and gave the same account how they proceeded with them as Ford had done before.
Guilty 39 s.
John Jones. I live at Knightsbridge , the prisoner was servant to Dr. Clark who lodged in my house: On the 16th of Jan. about three in the morning. I got up in order to go to brewing; I traced some marks of blood from the kitchen stairs to the necessary house, and seeing much blood there, I put down my lanthorn and candle, and discovered a child lying. I got a chissel and iron crow, and wrenched up the floor, and by the help of a dung hook I got the child up; then I and my servant maid went and washed it at the pump; it was a female child; I observed it lay partly on its back with the head buried in the soil. We could see no cuts, or scars, or marks of violence on it. I then carried it and laid it on a table in the back kitchen, and then sent for Mr. Fisher, a surgeon, and a midwife, who is here to give evidence; they came, and I desired they'd inspect the child to see if there was any thing to be found from whence they might imagine that the child came by its death; they searched it in my sight, and declared they found no marks of violence upon it; it seemed to me to be very near its full time. I thought I had seen children newly born more perfect, there being very little hair on its head, and the nails on its fingers not so big as on newborn children I have seen; it was a small child. By the position the child lay in it might have come from her as she sat on the vault, for the head was downwards, and seemed to be a good deal buried in the soil. I also observed what follows the child lying near its feet, or betwixt the legs, and the navel-string was found to be broke, not cut, about five or six inches from the child's body; a good deal of blood had gone down the vault, more than I perceived any where else.
Q. Was it drops of blood you had observed on the floor from the stairs?
Jones. It was rather smear'd blood that seem'd to be done by a woman's bottom of her petticoats, and I am very well assured it was done by a person returning from the vault, for the blood was daubed against the under part of the stairs, which, had it been done by coming down, would have been on the tops of the stairs; I make no doubt but it was done in the return. I went to Dr. Clark and told him what I had seen, and that I thought it was by somebody belonging to him. The prisoner had complained of a purging on her two or three days before this.
Q. Had you any suspicion of the prisoner being big before?
Jones. No, I had not. My wife went up stairs to the prisoner, and brought down two or three little things for a child, which she said she had been making at different times when her master was out of the way. Produced in court a shirt, some caps, and other things. I had, after this, some talk with my wife, who said it was possible that the child might insensibly slip from her in her pain as she was on the vault, and it is usual for women to want to go to the close-stool oftener at such a Time than usual. She said such accidents had often happened to women where they have had all the help at hand.
Mrs. Littlewood. I am a midwife, and was sent
Q Have you heard what Mr. Jones has said as to a conversation with his wife?
Littlewood. I have, and she is right; such cases often happen to married sober women: a woman who had the same accident sent for me about three months ago. I was satisfied from all I heard or saw, that there was no murder committed in the case.
For the Prisoner.
Mrs. Clark. When this child was found I went and ask'd the prisoner if she had provided any things for it, and she said I should find some in such a drawer; I went, and taking out a bundle found the little things that have been here produced.
Joseph Hailey . I live at Hendon . I lost nineteen wether sheep on the 19th of January. The prisoner lives about a mile and half from me; I had heard that he had sold eleven at Acton, and had drove eight to Chelsea, upon which I suspected that he had stole mine. I had a warrant of Justice Beauvais at Hammersmith, and took up him and two of his brothers; he was examined before the justice, and said he bought 36 sheep in Smithfield, some horn'd and some poll'd ones, some large and some less. He said the large ones cost him 15 s. 6 d. each, and the small ones 8 s. 6 d. but he could not tell how many there were of a sort as to horn'd ones or large ones. He owned he sold four of them at Chelsea to a butcher, and that his Brother Natsold the other four, and was concerned in buying and driving them away: but when Nat was examined he declared he knew nothing of the matter.
Joseph Brownsworth . I am a sheep salesman. The 1st of January one John Cooper told me the prosecutor had lost 19 sheep. They were advertised several days, and I got some bills printed by his desire to give about into the country, and last Saturday was se'nnight one Hill, a skinman, told me he was informed there was a man at a publick house who had killed four sheep in a stable, and had sold them to Mr. Dobney in Fleet Market, and that the man once did keep the clutterhouse in Edgware Road; I then suspected the prisoner, as he had formerly kept that house; the skins were described to be large ones. After this Mr. Hill inform'd me he had heard that the same man had sold some to one Kem, a butcher at Acton; on the Tuesday following I went and told the prosecutor all I had heard; then he, I, Cooper and Weedon went to Acton to see for the skins: we saw one skin in Mr. Chandler's slaughter-house; it was okered in a very odd manner from the head to the tail, and pitched on each side, so that we could not be positive to it; but by the size of the skin and staple of the wool we took it to be one of the skins of the sheep lost, for I think no honest man would smear a skin in such a manner. We then went to a selmonger's yard in the town, and there saw four or five more, which the man said he had from out of Mr. Kem's shop; they were reddled as the other was. We looked them carefully over, and there seemed to be an old oker mark on two of them over the loins, which there was on some of the sheep the prosecutor lost; we got one of them washed, and the mark then appeared more plain. We then got a warrant, and took up the prisoner with four of his brothers; the prisoner was charged with stealing the nineteen sheep, and was asked how he came by those he had sold there, but gave a very bad account; he said he bought 36 at Smithfield, some great some small; for some he gave 15 s. 6 d. and some 8 s. 6 d. He could not tell how many great or little ones there were, or what he gave for the whole, or where he paid for them, he only said it was at a house near the hospital gate. He said he had sold four there, and after that seven; that he killed eight of them at Chelsea, of which last he sold four at 20 d. a stone to Mr. Dobney in the New Market, and that Mr. Dobney had the fat of all the eight at the same price, and that his brother Nathaniel sold the other four at Carnaby Market, but he could not tell to whom; and that Nat was with him when he bought and paid for them, and helped to drive them to his father's ground, where they were a week, and from thence he took them to keeping in turnips at Uxbridge, and from thence to Acton and Chelsea. We took up Nat, and he denied the whole of it.
William Kem . I bought seven sheep of the prisoner, and after that four more, the first last Saturday was three weeks, and the others last Saturday was fortnight; they were great poll sheep, with long staple wool. There was some pitch mark upon them, but what I can't tell, with a great deal of red oker, I think more than common.
Cooper. The prosecutor had some very good, and some but midling; those I draw'd out that were lost were midling.
Nathaniel Marsh . I am brother to the prisoner, and saw him buy 36 sheep in Smithfield market, which he paid for at the pen. I don't remember the day, but it is about six weeks ago. I don't know where he sold any of them. He paid for twenty at 15 s. 6 d. each, and sixteen at 8 s. 6 d. each.
I bought 36 sheep, all of one man, in Smithfield. I put 28 of them to keeping at Hesson to one Mr. Gale, a farmer.
He called John Pain , who had known him above twenty years, John Field from a child, Thomas Adams upwards of six years, and Henry Blanch three years, to his character. The first said he never knew him any other than a very honest man; the second would not be prevailed upon to say whether his general character was good or bad; the third said he knew but little of him; and the fourth that he had had dealings with him, and he behaved as an honest man to him.
110. 111. (M.) Charles Pitts , and Ann Clark , spinster , were indicted for stealing one brass frying pan, one pewter dish, one pewter pot, one copper cover, one copper tea-kettle, one brass saucepan, ten pewter plates, one pewter bason, and one hundred pounds weight of lead , the goods of Robert Williams , February 7 . ++ .
Both guilty .
James Weddal . I live at the New-Castle-upon-Tyne, in Brook street, Carnaby Market; on the 8th of February last I lost a silver tankard, and never found it again. The Prisoner is like the person that drank last out of it in my house, but I do not chuse to swear to him.
Thomas Macket . I am servant to Mr. Weddal; the Prisoner came into our house three weeks ago this day, between eight and nine o'clock at night, and called for a tankard of beer: there were other people in the room at his coming in, but they all went away, and I saw him drink out of the tankard after they were gone.
Q. Had you ever seen him there before that time?
Macket. No, nor since; but I had seen him in other places several times before; I am sure he is the man.
Joanna Brown . I live with the Prosecutor, the Prisoner is the man that had a tankard of beer in a silver tankard in our tap-room; at last there was nobody there but himself. I saw him drink out of the tankard after all were gone. I was in the kitchen about my business when he went away; but I went into the tap-room in about a minute after he was gone, and then the tankard was missing. I had not been gone out of the taproom five minutes from him.
Simon Sherard . I am a soldier, and was at the Prosecutor's house the night the tankard was lost. There was the Prisoner in a little box in the tap-room, and a silver tankard stood by him: he sent me out for a pound of beef-stakes, and gave me four pence to pay for them. I went out about ten minutes, and when I returned, he and the tankard were gone, and had not paid his reckoning. I ran out to see for him, but could not meet with him.
Dorothy Wright . I went into the Prosecutor's house this day three weeks for a pail of water, there set a man with an old whip in his hand, his hat flapped, and he hung down his head. I remember him very well. I believe the Prisoner is the man, but cannot take upon me to swear it.
I never was at the Prosecutor's house in my life. I have witnesses here that can prove I was twenty miles from the place at that time.
John Saunders . I keep the Angel-Inn at Harlington, thirteen miles from Hyde-Park-Corner. I have known the Prisoner six years, he lives at that town, and works at husbandry, and deals in horses, for his livelihood. On the 8th of Feb he was at my house about twelve o'clock and dined with me; he and I set out about one in the afternoon on horseback, and went to Chertsey in Surry; we got there about three o'clock, and put our horses up at the Crown, and went to the Flower-de-Luce; there we had four pints of beer, and staid there till six o'clock. We went from thence to the house of Mary Ansel , there we supped, and came from thence about eight o'clock. Then we went to the Crown and took horse about nine, and got to Harlington a little after eleven.
Ann Saunders . I am sister to the last witness, and live with him. The Prisoner was at our house the eighth of last month, about one o'clock, and my brother and he went out on horseback, and returned about eleven o'clock at night.
Mark Bidal . I live at the Crown, at Chertsey, in Surry, the Prisoner and Saunders came to my house the 8th of Feb. about three o'clock, and delivered their horses into my care, it was almost nine at night when they came again, then they mounted at the stable-door.
Q. How far is Chertsey from London.
Mr. Davie. I live in Holborn, and keep an ironmonger's shop, and have known the Prisoner six or seven years. I always took him to be an honest man, and could not have believed he would have been guilty of such a thing as this.
The Prosecutor keeps a linen-draper's shop in Ludgate-street , the Prisoner went there on the 25th of Jan. and wanted to see some Irish cloth; the time the prosecutor was stooping she took an opportunity of taking the piece of handkerchiefs mentioned, and put them in her apron, where she was observed to convey them. She was stopped, and they taken from her. [Produced in court and deposed to.]
Guilty 4 s. 6 d .
Anne Albina Barnard. I was twelve years of age last Christmas, I live with Sarah Ford in Bell-Alley, King street, Westminster ; the prisoner lives in the same Alley with Anne Cradock , we live all in one house, we in the garret, and they in the first floor; Anne Cradock was not at home, and my mistress was out crying old cloaths, and no body in the house but my mistress's young child, about a year and half old, the prisoner, and I, the child was asleep on the bed. The prisoner called me down to fetch a pint of beer; I fetched it, and put it on the table in his room; then he took hold on my shoulder, and flung me down on the bed, and put his hand to my mouth, so that I could not speak, or hardly breathe, he pulled up my petticoats, and unbuttoned his breeches, and put what he had in his breeches into me where I make water, and I felt something come from him wet, and it hurt me there sadly. I struggled to get away, and strove to call out but could not.
Q. When was this?
A. Barnard. I cannot tell the day of the week, it was about a week after Christmas last, I told no body of it the first time, but I was sore, and grew worse and worse, so that I could hardly walk upright; he served me so again about a week and two or three days after this, when they were all out, I think that time was on a Thursday or Friday. He got me to fetch him a pint of small beer, which I did, and put it on the table, and I was got about half way up stairs, when he pulled me down, and flung me on the bed, and served me as before, only he did not stop my breath, and he did not hurt quite so much; something came from him wet in my body, quite warm, that within me I did not know what it was, but it felt like flesh. He lay on me about a quarter of an hour the first time, and not quite so long the second, and said if I told my mistress or any body else, he would cut my throat.
This was the substance of her many broken answers to many questions put to her, as to the fact.
Sarah Ford . I had this girl out of the workhouse bound to me; I believe it was this day seven weeks the girl first told me of this affair, and it was got to Mrs Bliss's ear, who sent for me, and told me before the girl, that the girl had got the pox, and that Stephen Hope had given it her. The girl cried, and told me in substance the same as now of the first time only. I was much affrighted for the prisoner bears a very bad character in the neighbourhood in every shape. My husband works at a pot-house at Lambeth, where I went and told him of it, and he came home. Then the prisoner and Anne Cradock came into our room, and desired us to make it up; they proffered to pay the doctor, and for the girl's loss of time, and they would let her lie in their bed: the prisoner put his hands together, and said Jemmy, Jemmy, I am undone, for I was in liquor when I did it, and did not know what I did. He also begged of us, if we did get a warrant for him, not to take him up when he was on duty, (he is a soldier) but in the dead of the night. My husband went and acquainted the girl's friends with it, and she was put into the workhouse: After this she told me of the second time he lay with her, and that he said he would stick her with a knife if she told me or any body else of it. I remember the child's shift was yellow, and of an ugly colour. About nine days before I knew what had happened, I asked the girl what was the matter with her, but she made no answer; I thought it had been her petticoats that had cut her side, and so it past off.
Elizabeth Rickets . The girl used to go of errands for me, she was with me one day, I cannot justly tell the day, it was about six weeks ago, on a Tuesday I believe; I saw her rigling about, and asked her what was the matter; she fell a laughing; I asked her a second time; then she said she was ashamed to tell me. I bid her not be ashamed, and then she cried and said Stephen Hope had lain with her two times, and that he put 2 d. another time into her hand to be concerned with her, but she would not have any thing to say to him again, for he had been bold enough with her already, and had ruined her. I asked her how she had kept it a secret from her mistress, as she had said she could not walk. She said she had taken an opportunity when her mistress was out twice to wash her shift.
Q. What did she say about her linen ?
E. Rickets. Her linen was as other women's were when they lose their maidenheads. That is all she said to me. She did not complain of any force. [Here the witnesses prevaricated; first, she said, the child said, he had ruined her; then she denied she said such a word, and that she laughed, and did not cry, when she told her.] The girl is a very impudent girl in playing with boys and pulling men by the cloaths. I live next door but one to her mistress.
Sarah Ford , again. The place I live in is a very bad neighbourhood, there are robberies committed often on nights. There are nothing but whores and wickedness in the place. I never saw the girl with such behaviours in my life, nor nobody else.
Q. to Rickets. You say the girl is a very bad girl, how is she as to telling lies?
Rickets. I cannot say that she is noted for that.
The Prisoner had nothing to say in his defence, only called Mr. Lloyd, the Surgeon of the second regiment, to which he belongs, who deposed, he searched the Prisoner on the 8th of Feb. upon this report, and found he had not a clap or pox upon him. And Edward Rowley , the Serjeant, who gave the Prisoner a good character.
++ Acquitted .
116. (L.) William Edmonds and Mary Anthony , were indicted, for that they, on the 8th of Jan . the dwelling-house of Isaac Craydon , did break and enter, and stealing one piece of worsted for a waistcoat, value 8 s. one ditto, value 10 s. one piece for a pair of breeches, value 12 s. four worsted hose, and one dozen of thread laces, in his dwelling-house , his property.
++ Both Guilty 39 s.
+ Acquitted .
Margaret Mears , on the 20th of Jan . in the king's highway, on Michael Ferrel , did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing from his person one silk handkerchief, value 4 s. one hat, value 1 s. and thirteen shillings and sixpence in money, numbered , Jan. 20. +.
Michael Farrel . On Sunday night, about twelve of the clock, the 20th of Jan. I was going by myself along the street, in the back lane in St. George's in the East , the prisoner and Margaret Mears came swearing on each side me; one said, I was her husband, and the other said I was hers; they clapped me on my shoulder, took my hat off my head, and handkerchief off my neck, and ran into the house of William Stevens . He stood at the door, and strove to hinder my going in, but I did in spight of him. The women ran up stairs but dropped my hat in the passage, which I took up, and then ran up after them I told them I wanted my handkerchief, upon which they cursed and swore, and said they knew nothing of it. The prisoner said what will you give me to drink? I said go about your business, I know no reason for that. She said if I would give her something I should have my handkerchief again. I gave her six-pence out of my purse, and they saw my other money; then she said you must stay all night; then the other said, you bitch, he must stay along with me. The other laid hold round my arms, and the prisoner took my purse out of my pocket. Then they ran down stairs, and I followed them, but one of them stopped me on the stairs, and had like to have run me headlong out at a window on the stairs. Stevens stood at the stair foot, and pushed the two women into another room. I went in and demanded my money and things. Then Stevens took and shoved them out of doors, and kept me in the house till they were gone.
Q. Did you know the women before?
Farrel. No, I never saw them before that time.
Q. Was you sober?
Farrel. I had been drinking before five or six full pots between nine or ten of us.
Q. What was your business out in the streets at that time of the night.
Farrel. I had been at a burial, and was going home.
I was committed on the Tuesday night, the prosecutor desired me to stay in the watch-house alone, and there he wanted to make it up with me for 16 s. but I knew myself innocent, and would not give him the money.
For the Prisoner.
119. (L.) Charles Barker was indicted for that he, on the 21st of December , the dwelling-house of John Greenhow did break and enter, and two 36 s. pieces, one moidore, and three guineas, the money of the said John, in the dwelling-house did steal , &c. ++
John Greenhow . I live at the Castle Inn in Wood-street , on the 22d of December, when I was called up in the morning, I found my counting-house, adjoining to my dwelling-house, broke open, and the money missing which is mentioned in the indictment; the prisoner had lived servant with me about nine or ten weeks, but I had discharged him, but let him lie in my house. He lay there the night this happened, and I took him up on suspicion; he confessed he had taken two 36 s. pieces, a moidore, and three guineas; and by his direction we found the two 36 s. pieces and moidore in an old frock in his box, which was in my house, he said he had made use of the three guineas.
Guilty 39 s.
120, 121. (L.) Maria Braseel and Mary Burton were indicted, for that they, in a certain open court, near the king's highway, on Robert Newton did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing from his person one linen stock, one stock-buckle, one hat, and one pair of brass sleeve buttons , February 26 . ++ .
Robert Newton . I am apprentice to Mr. Asbury behind the Royal Exchange on Friday a st, about eleven at night, I was coming along Fleet-street , Mary Braseel took hold on my hand, and asked me in a loving manner if I had been throwing at cocks, and whether I would give her and the other a glass of wine. I went with them to an
The prisoners said that the prosecutor met them, that he was in Liquor, and pulled them about; they were, they said, afraid of him, that he struck them, and would not let them go one way or other; upon which they charged the watch with him, as he did with them.
Both acquitted .
John Daws . I am clerk to Mr. Hoare and co. The prisoner at the bar brought this note [producing one] on the 15th of December in the morning. It is in the form of a common draught on a banker; I seeing there were great variations in it from the usual writing of Mr. Brigstock, whose name it bore, suspected it to be forged, upon which I stopt the prisoner, and we asked him who he was: he said his name was Pickering, that he lived with Mr. Vincent, a gentleman in the Temple, and that he found the note that morning under some shopkeeper's window in Portugal-street; it was a very dirty wet morning, but there was no dirt upon the note. We took him before my Lord Mayor, and he there said he had found it; but the next day, or the day after, he said that he had it of one Goodchild, an acquaintance of his.
Samuel Lightenhouse . I was in Sir Richard Hoare 's shop about business at this time. I was shewn the note, but tho' it was very dirty weather I saw no dirt upon the note. I told the prisoner that his saying he found it would gain no credit, and desired him to discover the original author, but he strongly persisted in asserting that he found it. I asked him if it was wrapped in any thing, and he said, no, it was only folded up. He was about sending for his master, but I said he had better write to him, which he did, and I observed he was no ways master of the pen to write so well as this is wrote.
The note read to this purport:
Your humble servant, T. Brigstock.
Directed to Mr. Hoare, a banker in Fleet-street.
Thomas Ladby . I am clerk to Mr. Thomas Brigstock in Bartlet's Buildings. He keeps cash with Mr. Hoare. He looks at the note. I firmly look upon this not to be his hand-writing; it is not like his writing at all; he usually puts a date to his, but here is none; besides it is in a different form from his. I know nothing of the prisoner, nor have ever seen him at our house.
What I did I did ignorantly.
He called Mr. Vincent, his master, and his master's father, who both gave him a great character for honesty, and said that was he clear they would look upon him, and imploy him as usual.
He was acquitted .
Mary Scot , spinster , in the dwelling house of John Aynge , Feb. 11 . ++ .
Mary Scot. I live at the Bull Inn in Leadenhall-street . My box stood in the room where I lie, with the things in it mentioned in the indictment, all but the half crown which was in my pocket. I was waked by my fellow servant, who was in bed with me. I heard a noise in the room; there was a man, I asked what he wanted, and he went grumbling out, but about half an hour after I saw him, or another person, come creeping in upon his hands and knees. I screamed out Murder, and the people of the house rising, the prisoner was taken in the stable under the straw, and my box was found opened in the warehouse below stairs; my things were bundled up in a handkerchief near where he was taken. The guinea we never could find.
John Aynge . I keep the inn. He confirmed the account of the taking the prisoner and finding the bundle lying by him with this addition, that the prisoner must have come into the yard, and secreted himself over night, and was locked in, so that he had no other way to get out, but by taking the opportunity after the servants were got up, and had unlocked the gate, &c.
Guilty 39 s.
The prosecutor lives at Witham in Essex; he lay at the same inn on that night, and when the prisoner was taken and search'd, the bag and handkerchief, and 6 s. 6 d. in money were found upon him. The bag and handkerchief deposed to by the prosecutor. He deposed that his bag and money were lying under his pillow in his breeches when he went to bed over night.
Guilty 10 d.
124. (M.) Abraham Brunkey , otherwise Bunker , was indicted for stealing four guineas and seven pounds sixteen shillings in money, numbered, the money of Richard Hedge , in the dwelling-house of the said Richard. Feb. 16 . +
Richard Hedge . I live at Hackney , the Prisoner had lodged at my house about five nights, he went away on Feb. 16. in the morning. About two hours after he was gone I missed four guineas in gold, and seven pounds sixteen shillings in silver, from out of a drawer, in the room where he had lodged. I had seen it the night before. I went to London and inquired after him, and when I got home again, two women had taken him. I was sent for, and saw him before a justice near Grub-street.
Elizabeth Stacey . I lodge in the Prosecutor's house, I met the Prisoner accidentally on the 16th of Feb. between twelve and one in Shoreditch. I had him stopped and searched, knowing the Prosecutor had lost some money; and on the ground, near where I stopped him, lay this purse, [producing one with same money in it.]
Q. to prosecutor. Do you know that purse?
Prosecutor. This is the purse my money was in in the drawer.
William Woodham . I am constable, the Prisoner was taken in Shoreditch, and this purse and money delivered to me by the last evidence and another woman, which I have had in my custody ever since; the Prisoner was very much in liquor.
I remember nothing of the matter how I came by the purse; I was much in liquor.
For his Character.
George White . I have known him fourteen or fifteen years, and never heard any thing amiss of him.
Guilty of felony only .
Robert Keys , Grace Grannet , Richard Hutton , John Mason , John Welch , Dennis Neal , John Smith , William Ford , William James , Thomas Barnard , Daniel Wood , and Joshua Kidden , capitally convicted in December and January Sessions, were executed on the 4th of Feb.
James Jackson , capitally convicted in October Sessions, Stephen Barnes , in December Sessions, and Edward Allen , Samuel Witham , William Irons , and Benjamin Richford , since dead, in January Sessions, received his Majesty's pardon, on condition of being transported during their natural lives.
The Trials being ended, the Court proceeded to give Judgment as follows:
Received Sentence of Death, 7.
Transportation for Fourteen years, 1.
Transportation for Seven years, 38.
Martha Hastings , John Stapler , John Weatley, Thomas Strong, Charles Barker , Walter Nichols , Joseph Godley , Margaret Jones , Margaret Howard, Elizabeth Williams , John Robertson , Samuel Winter, James Mitchel , Sarah Mackensey, Catherine Dickens , William Edmonds , Mary Anthony , James Evans , Gerrard Gervise, Elizabeth Braines , Richard Purney , Mary Kelley , Elizabeth Mills , John Ward , Sarah Prosser , Edward Lankford , Abraham Brunkey , otherwise Bunker, Luke Jefferies , William Hambleton, William Dennis, Charles Pitts , Ann Clark , George Larmer , Mary Jones , Mary Conner , Richard Ford , Michael Carney , and Samuel Cheney .
Robert Keys , Grace Grannet , Richard Hutton , John Mason , John Welch , Dennis Neal , John Smith , William Ford , William James , Thomas Barnard , Daniel Wood , and Joshua Kidden , capitally convicted in December and January Sessions, were executed on the 4th of Feb.
James Jackson , capitally convicted in October Sessions, Stephen Barnes , in December Sessions, and Edward Allen , Samuel Witham , William Irons , and Benjamin Richford , since dead, in January Sessions, received his Majesty's pardon, on condition of being transported during their natural lives.
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