HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL in the OLD-BAILEY,
On WEDNESDAY the 25th, THURSDAY the 26th, FRIDAY the 27th, SATURDAY the 28th, and MONDAY the 30th of April;
In the 23d Year of His MAJESTY's Reign.
BEING THE Fourth SESSIONS in the MAYORALTY of the
Printed, and sold by M. COOPER, at the Globe in Pater-noster-Row. 1750.
N. B. The Pu may be assured, that (during the Mayoralty of the Right Honourable Sir SAMUEL PENNANT, Lord-Mayor of this City) the Sessions-Book will be constantly sold for Four-pence, and no more, and that the hole Account of every Sessions shall be carefully compriz'd in The such Four-penny Book, without any other Burthen on the Purchasers.
King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Goal Delivery held for the City of London, &c.
BEFORE the Right Honourable Sir SAMUEL PENNANT , Knt. Lord Mayor of the City of London, the Right Hon. the Lord Chief Justice LEE, Sir THOMAS ABNEY , Knt. the Hon. Mr. Baron CLARKE , RICHARD ADAMS , Esq; Recorder, and other of His Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer for the City of London, and Justices of Goal-Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City and County of Middlesex.
Richard Combs . I live at Holborn-bridge , and am a Hosier . Yesterday was a week my man and I went up into a back ware-house to set it to rights. We bid the prisoner, who was my servant , mind the shop; after about three quarters of an hour, I was called down by the maid, and my wife then told me the boy had been taking something out of one of the parcels, and went towards the cellar, where they apprehended he had hid it. I sent the boy out of an errand, and took a candle to serch, but could find nothing. My wife shewed me the bundle he had took out of; I chared him with it, and asked him what he had one with them. He took a pair out of his pocket directly. I charged a Constable with him, and he confest the fact before the Alderman who committed him to the Compter. Where was there, he was searched, and two other air were found in his pocket; here is my mark upon them. Two pair were taken out of at parcel my wife shewed me, and the other off my counter. It was a pair I had sold, and they were returned, by reason of a small breach ear the top in one, to be changed, (which breaches was shewed in court)
Prosecutor. The prison came well recommended, do believe it to be the first fact, therefore do beg that he may have some corporal punishment, and not be sent abd.
Patrick O Hara , Oct. 1 .
293. John Hudson , late of Enfield , was indicted, for that he, on the 2d of March , about the hour of five in the afternoon, with force and arms, the dwelling-house of Oliver Driver , did break and enter, two pair of linnen sheets, eleven linnen napkins, one linnen shirt, one linnen shirt, one pair of worsted stockings, one silver stock-buckle, and two shillings in money numbered, the goods of the said Oliver, did steal, take, and carry away .
Guilty of Felony only .
294, 295. Andrew Carey , and Job Savage , were indicted, for that they on the king's highway, on Richard Goldington did make an assault, putting him in bodily fear and danger of his life, seven guineas and one shilling in money numbered, against the will of the said Richard, did steal, take, and carry away , Apr. 16 .
Richard Goldington . I am a Victualler , and live at Hendon, and was going to Barnet to pay the king's duty. On the 16th of April, about ten in the morning, these two men came and took hold of my bridle, near a wood, at a place called Holder's hill ; one got on one side, the other on the other; they said they wanted my Money; I said I had no money; then Job Savage pull'd out a pistol, and held it to my head, and said he would blow my brains out. I gave to Carey two guineas; they asked for more, and I gave the other five to Savage, which was all I had about me. They asked me if I had no silver, I said only about a shilling or 18 d. and hoped they would not take all I had. They took out a cord to bind me, but they did not do that. We rais'd the country, and took them in about an hour's time.
John Joyce . I saw two men along with the prosecutor, but could not tell what they were doing; I was within a stone's throw of them. After that I saw them run into the wood. The Prosecutor came back, and said he had been robbed, &c. Then we went after the prisoners as soon as we could get company sufficient, and took them; they had both of them past me before they robb'd the prosecutor, and Job Savage said, How do you do, ockey ?
Joseph Love . I took Carey in a place called Group-Lane; the other was taken, and we carried them to the prosecutor's house; we did not search them till we came there. They had dropp'd in the house a bag of leaden square balls, and some gun-powder; we also found a pistol charged with slugs under the place where Savage had sat, but they had at that time taken him into another room to search him. There were five guineas and one shilling taken from Savage.
Prosecutor. I can swear to the pistol, as well as to the men, having good sight of it when they robbed me also of my silver. I gave Savage one shilling.
Savage's Defence. We came out that day about four in the morning to seek after labouring work; this Money we brought out with us. This young fellow (meaning Carey) designed to buy a pig, but on returning we were taken up on suspicion of a robbery, and searched. They took five guineas and a shilling from him, and I was a little in liquor, so I put my two guineas in my mouth, and they took it out. We have witness to shew how we came to have that money about us.
Lidia Smith. I live in Ratcliff-highway, and the prisoner Carey lodges in one of my rooms; I saw him that morning take five guineas and a shilling out of his trunk; he was going out, and said he would buy a little pig and bring with him, when he came home.
Both guilty , Death .
296, 297, 298. James Fenton , James Hartley , and Richard Bambrick , were indicted for stealing one linnen sheet, val. 2 s. the goods of William Fowler , one linnen shift, the goods of William Varse , one linnen shift the goods of William Underwood , March 2 .
Each guilty 10 d .
299. Richard Sweetman , was indicted for that he, on the 22d of April , with a certain pistol, on Mary the wife of Jonathan Whitmarsh , feloniously did make an assault, the money of the said Mary intending to steal, take, and carry away .
Mrs. Arnold confirmed the same account.
Joseph Bell . The prosecutrix is my sister; I keep Powis-wells, and heard my sister and Mrs. Arnold scream out; my sister came running, and said the man had a pistol in his hand; I followed him, and seeing some gentleman coming along, I cried out, Stop him. Then Mr. Story offered to make a blow at him; the prisoner fell down, and Mr. Story took hold of him. We searched him, and found in his right-side pocket, a pistol loaded and cock'd.
Janus Story confirmed the above account.
Prisoner's Defence. I never was in such an affair before; I had a pistol in my hand, and was going to make away with myself, being in extremity and want, having a wife in a starving condition, but thinking about my soul, hindered me from it.
The prisoner confest the fact, and it was found again by his direction. Guilty .
Guilty 10 d .
304, 305. Samuel Freeman , and Ann his wife , were indicted for stealing two cotton gowns, val. 15 s two shirts, val. 5 s. five linnen caps, val. 5 s. and other things, the goods of Ann Morpher , Spinster , March 9. Samuel Acquitted . Ann Guilty .
See No. 569, 570, in the last mayoralty.
The prisoner took an opportunity to go into the Prosecutor's house; the hat and horsewhip were hanging on two pins near each other; he was observed by a neighbour, who took him in the entry, as he was coming out, where he had dropt the whip, but the hat he took from under his arm, and throwed it in the street.
Guilty 10 d .
307, 308. Thomas Lewis , and Thomas May , were indicted for that they on the king's highway, on John Matthews , did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, two gold rings, val. 12 s. one penknife, val. 6 d. and two shillings and three-pence in money numbered, from his person did steal, take, and carry away , March 22 .
John Matthews . I was coming from the halfway house on this side Hampstead, near the foot of the bridge that leads to Pancras Church , where were four men, and I had a person along with me. The two prisoners came running up, and presented a pistol to my mouth, and demanded my watch. I said I had none; they said, Blast your eyes and limbs, keep down your hat, or I'll blow your brains out. Lewis jobb'd his pistol against my teeth, and made my gums bleed, the other s tood with his pistol to my ear. They rifled my pockets, and took two gold rings, one shillings, two six-pences, one penknife, and three-pence in halfpence. I had met them the night before; the other two robbed the man that was with me; then I came home. After this I went to Mr. Pentelow, the headborough of our parish, who assisted in the taking them.
William Pentelow deposed, That upon the prosecutor's describing the prisoners, he knew them, having seen them before, being the person who took Lewis on my Lady Albemarle's account. (See No. 200, 201. in the last paper,) and that Lewis snapt a pistol to his breast twice; that he took Lewis in bed in Newtoner's Lane, and that he with the others with him, went and took May at infamous house, the Crown and Cannon in St. Giles's, and that in his breeches he found one of the Prosecutor's rings. It was produced in court, and swore to.
The two prisoners, espcially May, much abused this headborough, as a person that would swear away any person's life for a trifle. But Justice Fielding upon oath declared, he sincerely believed there was not an honestr, or a braver man than he in the king's dominion, and that May talked before
Both guilty , Death .
309. Thomas Lewis , and Thomas May , a second time, and Benjamin Campbel Hambleton , were indicted for that they in a certain field, or open place, near the king's highway, upon William Blacketer , did make an assault, putting him in bodily fear, and danger of his life, taking from him one handkerchief, value 11 d. and 5 d. in halfpence , May 22 . Lewis and Hambleton Acquitted , May Guilty , Death .
Thomas Lewis and Thomas May , a third time, and Benjamin Campbell Hambleton , a second time, were indicted for that they, on the king's highway, upon John Mason , did make an assault, putting him in bodily fear and danger of his Life, and taking one gold watch, val. 40 s. from the person of the said John , March 21 .
John Mason . As I was coming over Pancras-Fields , March 21, about 7 at night, Lewis came and laid hold of my shoulder, d - n'd my eyes, and bid me deliver my watch, or he'd blow my brains out. May came up and repeated the same Words. I said pray gentlemen, use me well; they took my watch, and let me go about my business. Hambleton was with them, they had a pistol each, and made use of terrible threatening words. I stood and saw them rob Mr. Matevae who was in company with me.
Hambleton's Defence. On the 21st of March I was taken very ill with a pain in my side, I went to bed and lay there till the 22d at night; I had some parched oats put to my side: On the Friday morning the 23d, I was going to be blooded, when these people took me up and carried me to the Round-house.
The Truth of which he called Mary Lloyd to prove, who gave a blundering account of his being ill; being asked how see came to be so certain as to the Day of the Month, her answer was, I am apt to go to church to the evening-prayers, makes me remember it. Lewis, Hambleton, and May, Guilty , Death .
Thomas Lewis and Thomas May , a 4th time, and Benjamin Campbel Hambleton , a 3d time, were indicted for that they in a certain field and open place, near the king's highway, on John Matevae , did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, one guinea and ten shillings in money numbered, from his person, did steal, take, and carry away , March 21 .
The Evidence were those of the former Trial.
Lewis and Hambleton, Guilty , Death .
May Acquitted .
310. Alexander Stitchbury , was indicted for stealing one cotton gown, value 12 s. one linnen apron, value 2 s. the goods of John Woodward , one cotton gown, value 6 s. the goods of John Phaling , April 12 .
John Jefferson . I live in Aldersgate-street , and keep a Grocer's-shop . On Thursday was fortnight I was robbed by the prisoner at the bar, but as I was not at home then, the other witnesses can give a better account of it.
Mary Perry . I was at the prosecutor's house at this time the two washerwomen were eating their suppers: Mrs. Jefferson said to the prisoner, stay a little, and then she taxed her with taking some tea, &c. We felt about her, and put our hands to her pocket, but could find nothing; she told Mr. Colbech the Constable, that if he would go up stairs she would acknowledge to him, but Mrs. Jefferson falling into a fit, he was obliged to attend upon her; she sat down in a chair at last and untied a handkerchief of tea from above her knee, which hung in her ham; then we searched her other leg, she had the sugar tied up in another handkerchief, hanging in the other ham.
Thomas Ashton . We were sitting at dinner; the Cat got a piece of meat, and went under the cellar stairs; I went after her to find it, and found this parcel of tea in this handkerchief; I shewed it to our apprentice and maid-servant, and it was concluded to put it there again, to watch which way it would go, which I did; upon its being gone from this place she was stopt, the other washerwoman insisted upon both being searched.
Guilty 10 d .
Peter Wright , was indicted for stealing one sheet value 6 d. one napkin, value 3 d. and other things , the goods of Edmund Bodington .
March 22 .
313, 314. Daniel Carel and William Fowler , were indicted, for that they, on the king's highway, upon James Walker , did make an assault, putting him in bodily fear and danger of his life, one hat, value 1 s. one peruke, value 1 s. the goods of the said James, did steal, take, and carry away , April 18 .
Both Acquitted .
Both Acquitted .
Both Acquitted .
Upon these four Indictments it appeared, by the evidence to the Jury, more like drunken quarrelling than any thing else.
And likewise standing charged with the same on the Coroner's Inquisition:
William Newman . I was Capt. Innes's servant, and had been so about eight months; he lodged with Mr. Welton, a Painter, in Green street, Leicester-fields. The prisoner came to our house on the 11th of March, about eight in the morning; I heard a great knock at the door, I came down stairs, and met Captain Clark at the dining-room door. He asked me if Capt. Innes was up? I said no, but I would call him, which I did; Capt. Clark staid in the dining-room the time: my master got up very soon; he asked me if it was Capt. Clark, I said it was. After my master got up, and came into the dining-room, he ordered me out of the room. I went into the next room, and when I was there, I heard Capt. Clark say to Capt. Innes, Sir, you have used me very ill. There was some discourse, which I could not distinctly hear; after that I heard somebody speak, insisting on his fighting sword and pistol ( the voice I took to be Capt. Clark's voice;) after that there were some words passed, and Capt. Clark came out of the room ; he was there but a little while; he came down part of the stairs, then he went back again, and went to Capt. Innes, and I understood him to say, he desired him to call on him in the morning; then Capt. Clark came down, and went away directly: After he was gone, I went up to the people of the house, and said to them, Capt Clark has been here, and has challenged my master. I saw Capt. Clark no more till between 6 and 7 o'clock on Monday morning, that was in Hyde-park , and Capt. Innes with him, going down from Grosvenor's-Gate; Capt. Innes was on Capt. Clark's right hand, not a great way from where the Duel was fought; at my first seeing him I believe I was about 500 yards from him, being just got into the park; before I saw him they was going towards the grove, but turned more to the right hand; there was a servant seemed to walk behind him, which I found to be his servant, about twenty or thirty yards from him ; he had not any thing with him as I saw. They walked down to the place where the duel was fought; then I came very near them, I believe within about twenty yards: I had a very clear sight of them, and as they parted, the trees hindered me from seeing the position they were in; but then I moved so as to see them; Capt. Clark was standing with his pistol in his hand, and Capt. Innes was getting himself in a posture to be ready; they were about five or six yards asunder; at the report Capt. Innes was then lifting up his hand; when I first saw the pistol pois'd in Capt. Clark's hand, they were both stock still; as Capt. Innes was reaching out his arm towards Capt. Clark, Capt. Clark fir'd his pistol; there was Capt. Clark's servant at a distance. My master turned round at the explosion of the pistol, and dropt on his left knee. Capt. Innes did not fire at all ( his pistols were produced in court both charged, and the ball that was taken out of Capt. Innes's side,) Capt. Clark's servant took the pistols up, and gave them to me. I attended my master to his death.
He bade me tell every body that should enquire about it, that Capt. Clark behaved very well, but he did not think he behaved very honourable, for he took full aim at him, saying, he fired before he was ready. He died about eleven that night. He several times said, he forgave Capt. Clark, and hoped God would forgive him. These words were spoke about 11 or 12 at noon. When the pistols were delivered to me, the cocks were let down, with the
John Hurdman . I belong to Mr. Abercromby ; I was at Captain Innes 's lodgings, when Captain Clark came there; it was on a Sunday morning about eight o'clock, I heard him desire Captain Innes to call upon him in the morning; he was about two stairs down from the top when he spoke these words; I was standing at the bottom of the stairs; that is all I heard.
Edward Welton . I heard a great knock at the door about eight that morning, and heard somebody go up stairs to the dining room; I heard walking about, and also talking, but knew not what about, when I heard the door clap again. Newman come up stairs in a great fright (my wife and I were in bed ), he told us, Captain Clark had been there, and challenged his master. I said, be sure let me know when it will be; said he, so I will; for my master shall go without shoes, saying, I'll take care of them. At night he came up again, and said his master had ordered him to black his shoes, and set them by him; adding, he believed it would be to-morrow morning. On the morning I heard the captain walking in his room, and heard him go down, and the door clap. I got to the window, and saw him go up Castle-street ; I heard the door shut again, and saw William Newman run towards Leicester-fields. I make haste to the back of Montague-house, and looked about on every spot of high ground I could find; I not finding them, made haste home again, and had not hang up my hat before Newman came running home with his master's sword. This was about nine in the morning. The captain was brought home in a chair wounded ; we got a surgeon, and he was dressed; I held his hands in mine, I believe about six hours; they were cold, seeming almost dead. About eight at night he asked my wife and I how we did, and bid us take notice of what he said, and declare it when asked by any: As he was a dying man, he forgave Captain Clark with all his heart, and all the world; saying, he behaved like a gentleman, but he fired too soon. My wife asked him, how he could go to fight such a gentleman as Captain Clark; he said, God's will must be done, though he strove to take away my life at the Court Martial, it is done now. The reason she had for asking that question, was, that she heard from Captain Innes , and others, that Captain Clark had swore very hard at the Court Martial against him, and also against several other captains.
Edward Wood . I am a Surgeon, and extracted the ball. It entered close to the false ribs on the right side, about a hand's breadth from the pit of the stomach, and it had broke one of the false ribs on the left side, and there it was taken out. This wound, no doubt, was the occasion of his death. He told me, on my asking him, he got the wound in a duel with Capt. Clark in Hyde-park; saying, he believed they stood about four yards from each other. Said I, that was murder to stand so close; but, said he, I was obliged to do it, because my pistols were small. And in the afternoon, about three of the clock, he said of himself, Capt. Clark, I have no fault to find with, he behaved honourable enough.
Lord Southwell, Admiral Martin, Admiral Byng , Admiral Faukes , Lord Montague Bertie , Capt. West, Capt. Wickham, Colonel Lee, Capt. Dent, Sir John Cross , the Rev. Dr. Hale, the Rev. Mr. Horton, Mr. Stanley, Capt. Forrest, Col. Durand, all, and each of them, gave Capt. Clark an exceeding good character, for that of a gentleman's behaviour, not easily mov'd to passion, willing to reconcile differences, and one of a peaceable disposition.
Guilty, Death .
But recommended to Mercy.
The prisoner being brought into court to receive judgment by himself, and before the rest of the convicts, addressed himself to the court as follows:
I Am very sensible of the great indulgence of your lordships, in this early passing the sentence of the law upon me, though 'tis the last of all human favours I could have hoped to have received from your lordships hands.
As the jury, my lords, were pleased to shew their compassion to the failings of human nature, in recommending me to the royal mercy, I hope there have appeared some circumstances in my case, which may not render me altogether unworthy the recommendations of your lordships also.
N. B. Capt. Clark's were horse pistols, and Ca pt. Innes's very small pocket pistols.
Far, my lords, shall it be from me to endeavour, by the rules of law, to justify the crime I have been convicted of, nor can I express the
[As the above trial is obliged to be abridged to make room for the other trials, by permission of the Right Honourable the Lord Mayor of the City of London, this trial will be published at large, with the prisoner's defence, by itself]
Elizabeth Stockwell . I live in Wapping; the prisoner had lodged in my house; he owed me about 18 l. he sent me a letter, and in it this ticket, (both produced in court.) I carried it to two or three neighbours, and they told me it was not good; then I sent it by Johanna Foster to the office, and it was suspected to be a forgery.
Mr. Player. This ticket was brought to me by Johanna Foster , I desired her to bring Perry, because I suspected it, which we did the next morning. He said it was his property, given him by the captain's clerk on board the Sommerset, for wages. It was signed on the wrong side of the printing, and other mistakes in it.
John Philips . I am captain's clerk on board his Majesty's ship Sommerset, Thomas Strutton, captain. I know the prisoner; I never gave him this ticket, nor to any body else. This is not the captain's name; here it is Scruthon, which is wrong. The master of the ship is John Stevens ; this here is wrote John White . James Butler Moore, is purser; here it is Joseph Wilkinson ; also here is Robert Davis , put for John Davis, Boatswain. The time this was made out, the prisoner was not entitled to any wages. This was made out the 7th of March; he ran from the ship the 5th. He entered July 16th, 1749.
The two last witnesses had the ticket in their hands when examined.
April 2 .
Thomas Hunsdon . I live in Savage-gardens, Tower-hill. I was coming home about twelve at night, and the prisoner came up to me, and addressed me in these words: Sir, Sir, for all you have got, by God, and presented a pistol to me. I gave a spring to a watchman that was near, and the prisoner run away. In the middle of Poor Jury-lane he was taken, and had another man by him, which I supposed to be an accomplice ; I believe he gave the pistol to him. I had a perfect view of him, it being at a lamp.
The two watchmen that took him confirmed the above, one hearing the very words of the prisoner. The prisoner's defence was, that he heard the cry, Stop Thief, and ran to find him, so fell down, and they laid hold of him.
320. William Archer , was indicted, for that he with a certain gun loaded with powder and shot, wilfully, feloniously and of malice aforethought, did shoot off at Anthony Higgins , with an Intent the said Anthony to kill or murder , March 3 .
Anthony Higgins . I live in Whitecross-street ; I am a butcher , and have known the prisoner these ten years, and he dwells almost opposite to me. On the third of March, I was standing at my door, looking on my meat ; and about the hour of six in the evening, all of a sudden, I thought my head was taken from my body. I heard the report of a gun, but did not see who shot. A surgeon was fetch'd, and above 100 shot were taken from my head and neck behind; (He shewed the part, which looked much like a person recovered from the small-pox, and his hat also which could not have less than a hundred holes in it, as it appeared by holding it to the light) I was about eight days under the surgeon's hands, but if I now walk or drink much, or do any thing hastily, it puts me in very great pain. Here are some of the shot taken out of my flesh. (They were the third size.)
Being cross examined, he said, he heard no words between them before; he had heard the Prisoner had been cut of his senses sometimes, once tied down in bea. He saw the Prisoner's Wife at the door without, that he had followed the trade of a butcher twenty years, that he once saw him about seven years ago in the street naked, which he thought had the appearance of madness, &c.
Mr. Wood. I live facing Mr. Higgins, next door but one to the Prisoner, I heard the report, but did not see the gun ; I saw Mr. Higgins clap his anos to his head, saying, he was a dead man, that rogue Archer had killed him. Mr. Higgins's back was towards me, I was looking on him. I went to his house and staid about 5 minutes, then I crossed to my own shop, the Prisoner came out and said, D - n his eyes he had hit his mark, d - n my eyes I never missed it. The same day, about three o'clock, I heard him say to several people, there's Higgins an informer, d - n his eyes, but Mr. Higgins said nothing to him. He said he had known the Prisoner twelve years.
On his cross examination he said, he believed the Prisoner was about nine years ago out of his senses, in a violent fever; but he never heard he had been so since that time; that there was a bill found against him that day he shot Mr. Higgins, for selling meat on a Sunday.
Mr. Deane. I was passing by the door at the same time, being three or four yards, by Archer's door, when the piece went off; upon the noise I turned back to look, and saw Mr. Higgins clap his two hands to the sides of his head, and went into his shop. I heard Archer say, never fear but I hit my mark, and d - n my eyes I am not sorry for what I have done : He turned about and said, here I am I'll surrender myself to any body. I live in the neighbourhood, and never heard he was out of his senses before.
Thomas Steel . I am a barber, I have known the Prisoner about 8 or 10 years, the day this misfortune happened I was going by his door, he put out his head, and said, Master, I am indicted, in a seeming extasy, for selling meat on the sabbath-day, that villian Higgins has done it; said I, you may be misinformed, I'll be d - n'd said he, if I don't tip it him before night; when in liquor he used to be a very passionate creature, but when sober, very quiet. I took this to be only words. I heard the gun go off about 3-qrs. of an hour after. I was sent for to shave Mr. Higgins, his hair on his head was about three or four inches long, which I take to be of service to him at that time: The blood spouted out as water does through a cuilender. I had much ado to shave his head. I then did not think he could exhist.
On his cross examination, he said he could not tell whether he was in liquor, or not, when he spoke to him; that he should never have looked upon the Prisoner to be a madman.
Sarah Smart . I keep a chandler's shop; on that day in the afternoon the Prisoner came to my shop, and bought an ounce of the best gun-powder, and half a pound of shot, that which was pretty large, it was No. 3.
Mrs. Ketly. I live just by the Prisoner, I went out to see two boys fighting. I saw a gun pointed out of Mr. Archer's Window, after he had shot off, I heard him say, I never aimed at a mark but I always hit it, d - n my Eyes: His wife said, now you have done, you have been all the week upon it; he said, when he came out at the back door, I hope I have killed the son of a bitch; and added, had he killed another he should have had his satisfaction.
Q. Did he appear to be srantick ?
Kelley. No, he did not.
Mr. Wells. I am an apothecary, I once attended the Prisoner, it is now ten years since; Dr. Barrowby was his physician, he was several days and nights bound down in his bed with a madman's waistcoat, but in about a fortnight's time he was restored to his senses; I have never seen or heard of him from that time, till he was taken into custody.
Q. Did this madness arise from a fever?
Wells. It was a high fever.
For the Prisoner.
Elizabeth Metherington . I have known the Prisoner 16 or 17 years. I dressed six blisters for him when he was under Dr. Barrowby's hands, about this time twelve years ago ; Dr. Barrowby said, at times he would be so.
William Dring . I have known the Prisoner five years; several times, within that time, he has been out of his senses; about a year ago he was; I went to see him, I talked to him, he fell a raving and swearing, saying, I'll make a hole big enough, laying hold of the chimney, saying, Jack, come through, come thro', he was thus for several days.
Sarah Privinix . I was nurse in the house when any thing ailed him; he was so mad about nine years ago, he was corded down in his bed, and I have known him to be as mad as any man in Bedlam, three times within this Twelvemonth.
Guilty , Death .
Guilty 10 d .
April 11 .
December 21 .
Thomas Ward . I have been acquainted with the Prisoner about two years, at first abroad, and afterwards in Old Pye-street Westminster , at the house of serjeant Sage; there I saw the prisoner, and one Davenport, make a shilling, about the middle of October, Davenport held the mould in his hand, while the Prisoner poured the pewter in. The Prisoner shewed me about 15, or 16 of them, they appeared the same as other shillings. After that I saw some in Gardner's-lane at a chandler's shop. About December 14 or 15, I saw the prisoner, along with one Willis, make three of these; there lay 15 on the table all cast. They sist a wooden square frame full of whiting, then cram it down, scrape it off, and lay on a shilling with a sheet of white paper over it, then they put on the other frame were there are four holes and four pegs to fit in; so that those two frames lie true to each other, they having before cut away the paper over, the shilling, they then fill the other frame with this whiting, then take them asunder, the paper being between, take out the shilling: They made a gutter for the mettle to run to the place, and they generally used to melt their pewter in a tobacco pipe to pour it into the mould; there would appear a little roughness upon the edge till they were finished up. At Mr. Harris's at the prince Eugene's head, at Chelsea we once put off some; when we wanted to pass them off, we used to raise a quarrel amongst ourselves; the prisoner, and I was to quarrel at that time, we did so twice that same day. The other time was at the Green-man at Charing-cross, the Prisoner gave the boy a shilling of this sort, he could not change it, and putting it into his mouth to go to change it, he found it was bad, and then I gave a good one in the room of it.
William Fisher . I live in Stratton's-ground, Westminster; the prisoner came to lodge at my house about four months ago, he staid there about five weeks, I did not mistrust he carried on this business then, till Thomas Ind came to apprehend him, upon a suspicion of putting off bad money; he was then in his own room; I, and Mr. Turner, searched his box, we found a pair of wooden flasks, about three inches square, and some powdered whiting, and a bottle of quicksilver.
Ward. The quicksilver was to rub over the money to make it like silver.
Fisher. There was a three corner'd file.
Ward. That was to mill the edges with.
Thomas Ind . I was employed to search for tools, &c. in Gardner's Lane at a chandler's shop, I found half a sheet of paper on the teaster of the bed, here is the print of a shilling upon it, with four peg holes that shewed it had been pegg'd into the flask.
Sarah Weedon . I live in Gardner's Lane, Westminster, the prisoner logged at my house the beginning of December. While he was there I lost two pewter spoons. Ward hired the room: I did not know all that used to come, nor did I ever see the prisoner there to my knowledge.
Vere Harris. I keep the Prince Eugene at Chelsea. On Tuesday the 19th of December, the prisoner and Thomas Ward came intomy house along with James Lampler and Henry Wolsington , they staid there till betwixt five or six o'clock at night; when the reckoning came to be paid, Andrews and Wolfington began to quarrel; I desired them not to quarrel in my house. Lampler and Macdonald threw down sixpence a piece and went out of the house, they came in presently again, and asked for a pint of beer; I draw'd them one; then when that was out, they said,
Mary Curless . About Christmas day Mrs. Jenneson came to my house for a full pot of beer, she gave me a shilling, I returned Nine-pence : I had no other shilling but that in my pocket at that time. Mr. Harris came into my house and asked me if I had not received bad money of Mrs Jenneson for that pot of beer, &c. I found it so. I went to Mrs. Jenneson's house: Ward owned the bad money, saying, he received it at his quarters. We took them up in the King's name. Andrews slew in a passion, he knocked my son down, and I saw he had a knife in his hand, we brought away the shilling, and I gave it to justice Fielding.
Elizabeth Curless . I was at Mrs. Jenneson's house at this time. (The rest as the former witness, with this addition, that she saw a shilling drop out of the Prisoner's hair, it was a bad one, she gave it to Mr. Harris, and he gave it to the Colonel upon guard. The money, that is, the three bad shillings, was in the hands of a justice of peace, but he being engaged, could not be there to prove the identity of the money, it was produced in court by another hand.
Guilty , Death .
Rebecca Faris . I am the widow of the deceased. My husband, Patrick Farrel , Timothy Garvy, and myself, were coming by the Prisoner's Door, on the 11th of March, between five and six in the evening; Patrick Farrel said to the deceased, David, Do you know that Man? (meaning the prisoner, who was then standing at his own door). No, says he, I do not, I never saw him in my life to my knowledge. The prisoner's wife sitting at the door overheard the words, and said, you pack of Thieves, suppose it is Jack Ketch , do you want to rob him? Said Patrick Farrel , I do not want to rob him. and if I have given offence, I am sorry for it. Then the prisoner came out of his house, and struck this Farrel in the Face two or three times, with his fist; he was not satisfied with that, but he went back, pulled off his coat, hat, and wig, and was then in a flannel waistcoat without sleeves; he went in and fetch'd a Cutlass, drawed it, delivered the scaboard to his wife, and pursued the three men, who were then got to the head of the Cole yard, Drury-lane. David Faris turned round, and saw him coming, on which they three ran; he pursued them cross Drury-lane, into an Arch-way, going under Short's Gardens, and as the deceased ran forward the prisoner struck him on the left Side of his Head, but he held up his stick and kept off several blows from his head, till his foot slipp'd in the Dung, then he fell down, and the prisoner gave him several cuts, but where about I cannot tell. The other man who was confined with the prisoner, Enoch Stock , upon my crying out my husband was killed, made a blow at me with a stick, which hit the infant in my arms, and stunn'd it. My husband died on the 19th of March
Prisoner. When this witness was before Justice Fielding, she was very loath to swear to me, till she was ordered to be committed, then she did.
Reb. Faris. They gave me the book to swear before they asked me any Questions, I did not know what I was going to do; said the Justice if she will not swear commit her directly : Then I swore the prisoner brought out the cutlass, and pursued my husband.
Q. Was you examined before the Coroner?
Reb. Faris. Yes, I was.
Q. Did you say the same there you do now?
Reb. Faris. No, I did not, I have now consulted myself.
Q. Did you give the same account before the Justice you do now?
Reb. Faris. No, I did not. They asked me who was the man that gave my husband the wound, I could not tell them.
Q. What was the difference between what you said then and now?
Reb. Faris. I did not know who struck my husband, nothing else.
Reb. Faris. I did hear something like that, but there is no reason that for what another said, my husband should lose his life.
Timothy Garvey . As I was walking along with the deceased and Farrel, Farrel said something about Jack Ketch , whose wife was coming along, and overheard us; she said, You Thieves, do you want to murder, or rob us? She was coming from towards Drury-lane, and called to her husband, who came out and fell a beating the Man with his fist, in the face, two or three blows. I said, Mr. Thrift don't strike the man any more, perhaps he is in liquor. Then somebody hollowed, I looked back, and saw the prisoner coming with a Hanger in his left hand, in a striped flannel waistcoat without sleeves I stood on one side, he pursued the two men, till they came under the Arch-way at Short's Gardens, where I saw him give the deceased a cut with a hanger or cutlass, on the left side of the head. Faris had a cane in his hand, and held it up with an intent to keep off the blows.
Q. Who struck the first blow?
Garvey. I saw no blow struck, but what the prisoner gave. The man never struck him.
Q. Upon what words did this squabble begin ?
Q. Did you hear any thing about Newgate?
Garvey. No, not a word. The deceased stood up, and never attempted to strike, or lift up his Hand against the prisoner; he only said, if you don't let me alone I'll strike you, so I took Thrist away.
Patrick Farrel I was present on the 11th of March, in the afternoon between five and six of the clock, we were going along the Cole-yard, and as we went by the prisoner's house, his wife was at the Door, and said, you blackguard what do you look at me for. We then had said nothing at all. Said I, if we do look at you, Mistress, we are not looking at you for any harm at all. You lie, you Teague, said she, but you want to rob the house. We don't, said I, we work very hard for our bread. We went forward, and I saw the prisoner behind, near his own door, who came up and said, what do you want with me? Said I, nothing at all. You do, said he. I said no. He takes hold of me with one hand, and fails a poking me with the other : Then said Timothy Garvey to him, pray be so good as to go home, and let the young Man go about his business, perhaps he may be a little in liquor ; so he went into the house, and the deceased and Garvey went on: When we were gone about twenty yards, we looked back, and saw him come running with a naked Hanger in his hand, in a white flannel waistcoat. I said to the deceased let us go on fast, for he is coming with something in his hand, which we did, till we got to Short's Gardens, under the Gateway, and there he overtook us; but before he came to the deceased, the deceased took up a little Cane to save himself from damage. The prisoner gave him several blows, which he catch'd; but at last he got a blow over his head, which cut him down under the Gateway. The deceased did not strike at the prisoner at all; the prisoner's man came and knocked me down with a stick, and the prisoner made two blows at me with the hanger: I held my stick up by the middle to keep off the blows, which was broke by that means. I did not strike any blows.
Q. What words did this fray begin upon ?
Farrel. There were no words at all, but what I told now.
Q. Was nothing said by you before the prisoner's wife spoke to you?
Farrel. No, she said, you blackguard, what do you look at me for? was the very first words.
Q. Did you hear any mention made about Newgate, or a gold watch?
Farrel. No, not a word. Without any provocation at all he came up.
Court. Recollect yourself whether some of your company did not speak something first.
Farrel. No, I did not, nor nobody else that I know of.
Thomas Clutton . On the 11th of March, about five o'clock, I was sitting at the Nine-pin house door, the time these three men, and one woman, was going by the door; I heard this last Witness call the prisoner's Wife whore several times, and an eternal whore; after which the prisoner came out of his house, and said, What do you want to rob the house ? He brought out a thing in a scabbard. Then Mr. Strutton, a Baker, met him, and put his hand to his breast, and said, do not bring such a weapon out to naked man. He went in with it directly, and came out again, and stripped into a flannel waistcoat, and said, he'd fight them manfully. Then he went in again, and two
Q. to Farrel. Did not you say, you did not strike any blows? you hear what this witness says.
Farrel. There were the prisoner, his man, the deceased, and I a fighting.
Prisoner. This Farrel was the first man who began the quarrel.
Q. to the deceased's widow. Did you see nothing of this fighting?
Widow. No, I saw nothing at all of it.
Alice Waring . I saw part of this affair on the 11th of March, there were four men and two women just pass'd, and in about a quarter of an hour after I saw a great mob about the prisoner's door. Just as they were gone the prisoner took off his coat, his hat and wig was off before, then he took off his neckcloth, and unbuttoned the neck of his shirt, and followed the men : I saw him give the blow on the deceased's head, and believe there were a thousand People about them then. I saw Enoch Stock bleeding as they were coming back, but did not see the deceased do any thing.
Q. Was he engaged in fighting, when the prisoner struck him with the hanger?
Waring. He was not.
Philip Lisle . I was sitting at my own door at this time, facing the Green Man, I saw the prisoner in a white waistcoat, and a Scymiter in his hand, follow those people into Drury-lane; he overtook them at a Gateway, and there I saw him take three cuts at the man that is dead. There was another man, named Farrel, with the deceased, with a white coat on, and a stick in his hand. There was a great crowd of people: I saw Farrel making strokes at a little man who was there: The prisoner had first a blow at the deceased's arm, which falling, he then got a blow on his head. I saw the prisoner coming back again, and a man along with him all bleedy. He said, he had been besieged, and he was sorry he had not cut one of their heads off.
Robert Heastfield . I am a surgeon of Westminster Infarmary; the deceased was brought there, my brother surgeon dressed him. There was a piece cut out of the left side of his head, through the first table, flesh and all. There were four other wounds on different parts of his head, and a wound on his left wrist; I imagined they were from some cutting instrument. Two or three days after he was there, came a friend of the prisoner's, and his wife, and begg'd I would go before the Justice, and give an account how the man was; I said if I go, I must hurt your husband. She went and told the justice I did not care to come. The justice sent for me; I went to the hospital to see the deceased, who then said, as I hope for salvation I am a dying man; I know not how soon I shall go to eternity, and nobody gave me the wound but John Ketch ; and added, if I die, I hope my friends will do me justice. I think this wound was the cause of his death. At the desire of the justice I went up, there Enoch Stock owned before the justice that he gave the wound, which I thought very extraordinary. Two days before the deceased died, I said to him, seeing him speechless, Consider, hold up your right hand if Jack Thrist did give you the wound, instead of that he held up the left hand. I thought it strange, but I was told he had lost the use of his right side. Then said I, friend, for God's sake consider, if he did it, then hold up your left hand; he held up his left hand, and shook his head.
This being the prisoner's defence, there were other witnesses called for the prosecution.
William Carrier . I saw the prisoner at this time strike the deceased one blow on the left side of the head with a hanger; I was about five yards distance, and live directly opposite him. He was in a stannel waistcoat without sleeves.
Jack Ketch , he stole a gold watch, and two silver spoons, and has broke out of Newgate. Said I, go along, you black-guard dog; they said, there was ten guineas reward for taking of me. Farrel knock'd me down at my own door. I strove to take the stick out of his hand, the others of them gave me another blow, and knock'd me down again. I desired my wife to fetch the hanger, and I do declare it never was out of the scabbard, till Enoch Stock took it out.
Elliet. On the 11th of March, I saw the prisoner coming down the Coal-yard. I saw four men and two women, one had a child there. One said to the other, do you know that man? meaning the prisoner. The other answered, no He said, it is Jack Ketch , he is broke out of Newgate, let's take him. Thrift said, if you want him, come and take him. One of them took up a stick by the middle, intending to strike the prisoner; he fetched a blow at him, and I took hold of the stick, and got it out of his hands. Then the prisoner pulled off his coat and waistcoat, and said, put down your stick, and fight me like a man. Then Enoch Stock coming, said, what is the matter ? The prisoner said, for God's sake, help me, or I shall be killed; then he was knock'd down. He got up again, then he snatch'd the hanger out of Thrift's hand, and fought his way through the mob to Short's-gardens, where the people were fighting. After the fight was over, and the deceased was cut, I took the hanger from Enoch Stock , and brought it to the prisoner's house. Enoch followed me, bleeding in a sad manner, which seemed to be done with sticks; then the prisoner washed his wounds; afterwards he said, he made it reek go against the deceased's head. I saw him fighting with it, &c. I live in the prisoner's house; since he has been in trouble, I have done business for him.
Patience Jones . I saw some of this squabble, and saw three or four men with sticks in their hands; they swore they would knock the prisoner's brains out as he was coming from church, and had he not ran behind some women, they would have killed him. He desired his wife to fetch the hanger, and it was brought out not drawn. They knock'd the prisoner down, then Enoch Stock snatched the hanger out of his hand, and went under the gate-way at Short's gardens; I saw him cutting at some body, they with sticks, and he with a hanger. I never changed three words with the prisoner in my days before this happened.
John Collison . I saw at this time three men fighting two men, Enoch Stock was one ; they fought with sticks blow for blow, and they knock'd Enoch down; then there came up a young fellow, and knock'd one of them down. Enoch got up again, and the Irishmen went off; then Stock pulled his coat off, and went to Garbey, and said you are one of them. I laid hold of him, and said what are you at, you fool? He then had a hanger in his hand, and struck the deceased with it. The prisoner was about three yards behind Enoch at that time. There was a great croud, &c.
William Cook . I was in Drury-lane the 11th of March, and saw some men fighting with sticks, but I saw no hanger at all. I heard one of them swear he'd cut Jack Ketch's brains out; this was at Short's-gardens.
Court. What do you call him for?
Prisoner. He knows, and has owned he did it, and I think he will not deny it.
Court. We shall not ask him that question, for he'll not own it here.
Enoch Stock . On the 11th of March, I was drinking a pint of beer at a publick house in Drury-lane with a friend. About a quarter of an hour after five in the evening, I parted with him, and was standing to make water; I heard a great noise, and I went up to the mob to see what was the matter, as far as the gate-way near Short's-gardens. I heard the prisoner say, you thieves, have you a mind to murder me; they were beating him with sticks, four of them. He said, for God's sake, help me, for these rogues will kill me. When he saw me, I had known him nineteen or twenty years. I did not see him hit any of them, but stood against the wall in a white flannel waistcoat. They knock'd me down several times, and broke my head in several places, also my little finger in defending my head. I was quite stunned, and lost my senses; I strove to get up two or three times, and they knocked me down again.
Q. Did you see the hanger?
Stock. Yes, but I do not know what became of it, I do not know how I got way, they beat me so unmercifully.
Justice Fielding. The same night the deceased's wife came to my house, and I was told there was a man below, it was thought had received his death's wound, all over blood: I offered the woman the book to swear; she was some time before she would, at last she was sworn; all she said was, A man, whom they call Jack Ketch , had given her husband this wound. I asked her over and over, she said she did not know him; repeating that often, she did not know him; but was told it was Jack Ketch ; the Deceased he said the same: On the Monday the prisoner came himself before me, and desired me to grant a warrant for a violent assault; I told him I had granted a warrant on that occasion already, and I should not grant cross warrants, &c. I told him he had best go and get himself bail; he said he would go and surrender himself; after the surgeon told me he believed the man was not likely to recover, the prisoner came, then I refused bail, and committed him; and there was a positive oath against Enoch Stock , that he committed the fact, so I committed him too. The prisoner did surrender himself.
John King . I am constable; the prisoner did surrender himself to me. I let him walk before me to Justice Fielding's. I was afraid of amob, so I bid him walk before, which he did, there the woman said she could not swear to him.
Guilty , Death .
Guilty, 10 d .
Guilty 10 d .
330. Edward Hunt was indicted for that he, on the king's high-way, upon Samuel Fancourt , did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear, and taking from him one hat, value 1 s. one stick, value 2 d. from his person , Apr. 7 .
Guilty of Felony only .
Accidental Death .
333. 334. 335. John Giddis , Henry Smith , John Beesley , were indicted, for that they, in a certain field, or open place near the king's highway, on William Hudd , did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, two-pence half-penny in money numbered, from his person, did steal, take, and carry away , Apr. 11 .
William Hudd . I am a Sawyer , I was coming home from work; I work for Mr. Walker, a Coach-maker in Long-acre : I had been sawing at Aberstock-fields, betwixt the half-way house and Pancras-church : John Giddis , took hold of me with his left hand on my shoulder, and said, if I moved or stir'd he'd blow my brains out; the other young man Smith unbuttoned my breeches, and searched all my pockets: I had but two-pence half penny about me; Giddis said take him out below, meaning my buckles; I said they were but white metal, they took them out of my shoes, and gave me them again; Beesley was a distance off, he never spoke to me: then they went away, and said, they would blow my brains out if I turned after them. Here is a man that saw the thing done, he came running to me; are you come, said I, to rob me again ; No, said he, I'll pursue them if you'll follow me. (The prosecutor is a stout man but lame) which he did, they were never out of fight till they were taken.
Hen. James. Thomas Phipps and I had been a ditching just by the Brill, and coming home we saw the three prisoners coming along together ; he said to me, I believe they are the men that robb'd the Carpenter the other night; one of them went up the lane and whistled to the other; he came over to them; then they sat down for
Prosecutor. When they had robbed me, they went all away together.
Giddis and Smith, Guilty , Death ;
Beesley Acquitted .
336, 337. John Groves , and Catherine Field , were indicted for robbing Hannah, wife of Thomas Jones , in St James's Park , of one cloath cloak, val. 5 s. one holland apron, val. 5 s. one silk handkerchief, val 2 s. the goods of the said Thomas, against the will of the said Hannah, from her person, &c . March 22 .
Hannah Jones . I live servant in St. James's street. I went to see my husband, Serjeant Jones, on the 22d of March, and coming back, just over-against the Prince of Wales's summer-house, by the side of the Mall, I saw four people in disguise, (the prisoner Field in man's apparel.) Groves took hold of me, and asked if I wanted company; I said good company is what I like very well, but I rather chuse to walk by myself. He went along with me twenty yards. Another man in regimentals came up and said, D - n the bitch, has not she delivered; he struck me, and made my nose bleed; the other held me up, and struck me. One behind me cut my apron, and it went from me. I said I see you are soldiers disguised, I hope you'll have mercy on me, I am a serjeant's wife belonging to your regiment. Catherine Field then said, D - n the bitch, kill her. He took my cloak and handkerchief from my neck, and swore he'd kill me, if I made a noise. I did not know any of them before they left me on the ground, and some persons came to my relief. A woman helped me up; she said she knew them, and told me who they were. The Centinels said, they heard me scream out, but they thought they had been whores in the park. John Groves was taken that night, with my cloak under his arm, and some of my blood on his Coat. I knew his voice very well; he confessed the names of the others before the Justice who committed them. I saw by their pockets they belong'd to the 2d Regiment.
Groves guilty , Death .
338. Alice, the wife of Nicholas Corbet , was indicted, that she on the king's highway, on Geo. Orton , did make an Assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, one half Guinea, and two shillings in money, number'd, the Goods of the said George, did steal, take and carry away , April 22 .
339. Jonathan Lisles , was indicted, for that he on the king's highway, on Charles Turner feloniously did make an assault, one handkerchief, val. 4 d. one pair of shoes, val. 3 s. one pair of buckles, val. 6 d. one tobacco box, one half guinea, and 4 s. 10 d. in money, numbered, did steal, take, and carry away , March 23 .
Guilty felony only .
Both Acquitted .
342. John Harryman , was indicted, for that he on the 31st of March , about the Hour of one on the same day, the dwelling-house of John Marshall did break and enter, one pottage-pot, made of brass and copper, val. 14 s. one saucepan, and one linnen shift, the goods of the said John, did steal, take and carry away .
343 John Baldery , late of Benacre, in the county of Suffolk , was indicted, for that he together with divers other Persons, to the number of twenty, on the 23d of August, in the 20th year of his present Majesty , was aiding and assisting in running and landing goods liable to pay duty .
Benacre the 8th of October the same year .
No evidences appearing against him he was acquitted upon all three .
344. James Nicholson , was indicted, for that he on the king's highway upon Elizabeth Brady , spinster , did make a felonious assault, one velvet cloak, val. 10 s. from her person did steal, take, and carry away , March 28 .
Eliz Brady As I was coming under the Duke of Bolton's arch , March 28, at about a quarter after eight o'clock a night, a man met me with a handful of mud in his hand; he flung the mud in my face, which knock'd me down, and then he tore the cloak from off me: He was soon taken, and when we got him into a house, he was asked to shew his Hand, and it was very muddy.
James Moson . I was at the corner of Brook-street, when I heard the cry of Thieves, I saw some chair-men run, so I run. As I was going by the prisoner he asked me what was the matter, saying, had any body lost any thing; said I, a gentlewoman has lost a cloak: He said there were two men gone up Bond-street, adding, they ought to be hanged that did it. I saw something under his coat like a cloak, being about two yards from him. When the chair-men came back, I said, I had a strong suspicion of this Man; by this time he had dropped the cloak, and it was taken up at his foot. The gentlewoman described it. We desired he'd let us see his hand, which was very dirty between the fingers with soft mud.
Guilty Death .
Thomas Halfpeny . I have known the prisoner near six months, the first time I ever saw him was at the Queen's-head, Vere-street, Clare-market; after that I happened to meet him in Field-lane : He said, he was going to take a Publick house. About a week or ten Days after, I met him again, then he told me he was a Jeweller by trade, and that if he had some money to get some materials he would get money enough : I said, why did he not work at his own trade. He said. he could get more money in his own way: I ask'd him, what it was ? He said, if I had patience, I should see. We took a lodging at Mrs. Fryers, Saffron-hill; he went to one Collet near Hitton-garden, and bespoke a pair of moulds or flasks, which was towards the latter end of Jan. I went with him to Shoe-lane to a wire shop, where we bought three crucibles and some argol, which was to give the money a colour: It is a sort of a powder. Then we went and got some spether, that is to mix with, and harden Block tin ; and then I went according to his desire, and bought some good brass; and then at a pewterer's, near Newgate, he got some fine Block-tin ; then he put his mettle into a crucible, and made a charcoal fire round it, and melted it therein with some salt petre. Then we got oyster-shells, and pounded them to a powder, and sisted it, with which he filled his flasks, getting first a Queen Anne's shilling ; he wetted the powder, and beat it down with a hammer, and then turned the mould and cleaned off the dust : Then he shook on some dry dust. Then he fixed on the other frame, and filled that with the same powder, on which he pulled them asunder, and took out the shilling: There was then a mould to cast shillings in. With a half round file he filed the edge smooth, with a three cornered one he mill'd them and scraped the roughness off the edge, and polished them with a piece of deal and pommice. There was about fifteen or sixteen shillings made in all, and not above. I have seen him pass them and receive the change: I saw him pass a Six-pence to a woman that sold oranges; likewise I was with him in a gin-shop, where he threw down one of these six-pences for a dram, and they gave him change as though it were a good one; I was with him one night when he pass'd about two shillings and six pence. Once he came home, and said, he had pass'd one shilling at the Bell-savage Inn; and also that he had pass'd a six pence to Mrs. Jones. She came and challenged him with it.
Robert Maycrost . When we had information of the prisoner's carrying on this business, Mr. Wittenbury and I, and two other persons, went to the house where the prisoner and last witness lodged, near Saffron-hill. Halfpeny was in bed with a lame leg; we found some tools, and a six-pence wrapped up in a paper that was a bad one. The prisoner told us, he could make a very great discovery, saying the six-pence he had paid a way to Mrs. Jones, he took again before Justice Fielding. Part of his information was reduced into writing, against his own son, and Halfpeny, and then refused to go on any farther.
John James . On the 21st of Feb. I received a six pence of the prisoner at the bar, which I put into the drawer; he laid cut a penny, and I gave him change. My mother was gone out, it was a bad six-pence.
John Handcock . On the 21st of Feb. Mrs. Jones had occasion to go out, who desired I'd stay with the young man, the last witness, in the shop; the prisoner at the bar brought a woman in, and laid out a penny, and threw down six-pence. The woman called to me, and said, look at the six pence; said I, it is not worth a farthing, and I bid him put it in a crawer by itself, till Mr. Nunnan came home, when he did, I told him of it; he said, he would give them a good one for it in the morning.
Mrs. Jones. I returned a bad six-pence to the prisoner in a paper. It was produced in court.
Guilty , Death .
347. Walter Vaughan , was indicted, for that he on the king's high way, upon Thomas Pain , did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, fourteen shillings in money numbered, from his person did steal, take, and carry away , April 17 .
Thomas Pain . On Easter Tuesday I was going to Sir Jeremiah Sambrook 's, and about a mile beyond Highgate, going down the hill, the prisoner at the bar came full gallop by me; when he got to the bridge at the bottom of the hill, he walked his horse to the flower-deluce, and went up as if he was going into the yard; I went on up a Finchley-common, and when I was got opposite to the gibbet, there is a little side road goes out may-be half a mile, and comes into the road again. I was about thirty yards in that road, and was going to shew a little boy in the Chaise the man upon the gibbet. The prisoner came betwixt me and the gibbet, and presented a pistol to me, and said, Damn you, your money. I saw the pistol, and stood up in the Chaise to see if I could see any body coming; said I, what is that you would be at; d - n you, your money, said he again, it signifies nothing your looking about, for if there were fifty people I must have it, and said, I dont want your watch. I saw two waggons just before. He said to the waggoner, as for you, stand; he stood directly. My little boy was frighted, and cried out, Papa, pray give him your money. I said, Take away your pistol, and don't fright the child, and I'll give you my money; then I gave him two crowns, one half crown, two shillings and six-pence, and a little pocket-piece. I said there is all my money, and I am going farther, will you be so good as to return me a shilling to pay the turnpikes, which he did, saying, there is a shilling for luck. He was taken the next morning.
Guilty Death .
348, 349. Elizabeth Smith , and Mary Harvey , were indicted, for that they on the 20th of April , about the hour of nine of the same night, the dwelling house of Joseph Dunn did break and enter, 25 pair of worsted stockings, val. 40 s. did steel, take, and carry away .
Both Acquitted .
350. James Collings , was indicted, for that he on the king's high way, upon James Faulkner , did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, one cloath coat, val. 3 l. the goods of John Scot , one waistcoat, and a pair of velvet breeches, the goods of George Scot , from the person of the said James Faulkner, did steal, take, and carry away , April 2
Guilty 10 d
William Cornish , was indicted for stealing one pair of men's shoes, val 1 s. 6 d. the goods of Francis Dean , April 1 .
Guilty 10 d .
Joseph Clavey. I live at Froom in Somersetshire; I keep the stage waggon , and inn at the King's-arms, Holborn-bridge I was not in town the time the horse was lost, I can only swear the horse is my property.
James Dredge . I am book-keeper to this waggen, I was going after the waggon to Piccadilly, to give an account of some affairs in the Country, when I saw the prisoner on this horse riding back; I thought he was going back by order of the waggoner, for something forgot at the Inn. This was about three quarters after eight o'clock.
Mr. Ryall. I am porter at the King's Arms to this waggon, Mr. Dredge informed me the horse was lost, so I went to Smithfield, and there I saw the prisoner riding on the horse: I knew the horse very well, and found the man cloathed as Mr. Dredge described him to me. There we took the prisoner, &c. The horse was worth 8 l.
Samuel Alexander . I tied the horse to the tail of my waggon, before I went out of the Inn-yard: This was my Nagg. I missed him about the Upper Watch-house, in Holbourn. I had stopped to let two carts go by me, he was at the tail of the waggon then, and in five or six minutes he was gone. Our book-keeper asked me, if I had sent the horse back for any thing, then I concluded he was stolen. Caleb Jackson was in Smithfield market at the securing the prisoner. He described the horse, and deposed as the others.
Guilty Death .
Guilty of Felony only .
March 6 .
358, 359. John Prosser , and William Russel , were indicted for that they, together with Thomas Meadows not yet taken, did steal ten pounds weight of leaden pipe, and one brass cock, val. 1 s. 6 d. the goods of Edward Marling , fix'd to the dwelling house of the said Edward .
Both Acquitted .
Both Acquitted .
360. Patrick Riley , was indicted for that he on the king's highway, upon Mary the wife of Patrick Rook did make an assault, putting her in corporal fear, and danger of her life, one cloth cloak val. 6 d. one silk handkerchief val. 6 d. the goods of the said Patrick, from the person of the said Mary, did steal, take, and carry away.
April 17 .
February 27 .
March 26 .
April 8 .
Both Acquitted .
365. Joseph Wicks , and John Clark , were indicted for assaulting on the king's high-way Barbara , the wife of John Harrison , and taking from her one gold ring val. 5 s. the property of the said John, against the will of the said Barbara, from her person .
April 11 .
Barbara Harrison . I live in Fetter-Lane; I had been in Devereux-Court the Eleventh of this month, about 10 at night coming through King's-bench walks, under the arch that goes into Mitre Court , I saw two men, one of them went up
Wicks Acquitted .
Clark, Guilty , Death .
The Trials being ended, the Court proceeded to give judgment as follows :
Received Sentence of Death 18.
Edward Clark , Andrew Carey , Job Savage, Thomas Lewis , Thomas May, Benjamin Campbell Hambleton , William Archer , John Andrews , John Thrist , John Giddis, Henry Smith, John Groves , James Nicholson , Michael Nunnan , Walter Vaugbn , Thomas Readhead , Thomas Perry , John Clark .
Transportation for Seven Years, 26.
Francis Gordon , John Hudson, James Fentor , James Hartley , Richard Bambrick , Richard Sweetman , John Sims , Joseph Perry, Thomas Grey , Alexander Stichbury , Peter Wright , Richard Eillot , James Maria , Nehemiah Jones, Thomas Darlow , Mary Anderson , Ann Freeman , Thomas Smith, William Rawlet, Jane Stow , Silver Stryee, Thomas Rose, Edward Hunt , James Norton , Edward Barnes , William Cornish .
The Rescuers, whose Judgment was respited, received judgment, each branded in court, and imprisoned a year.
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