HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL in the OLD-BAILEY.
On WEDNESDAY the 6th, THURSDAY the 7th, FRIDAY the 8th, SATURDAY the 9th, MONDAY the 11th, and TUESDAY the 12th of December.
In the 23d Year of His MAJESTY's Reign.
BEING THE First SESSIONS in the MAYORALTY of the
Printed, and sold by M. COOPER, at the Globe in Pater-noster-Row. 1749.
N. B. The Public may be assured, that (during the Mayoralty of the Right Honourable Sir SAMUEL PINNANT , Lord-Mayor of this City) the Sessions Book will be constantly sold for Four-pence, and no more, and that the whole Account of every Sessions shall be carefully compriz'd in One such Four-penny Book, without any farther Burthes on the Purchasers.
King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Goal Delivery held for the City of London, &c.
BEFORE the Right Honourable Sir SAMUEL PENNANT , Knt. Lord Mayor of the City of London, the Honourable Sir THOMAS DENNISON , Knt. the Honourable Sir THOMAS ABNEY , Knt. the Honourable Mr. Baron CLIVE , RICHARD ADAMS , Esq; Recorder, and others of His Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer for the City of London, and Justices of Goal-Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City and County of Middlesex.
Oct. 16 .
Ann Waters , on the 16 of October last, I saw the Prisoner on the top of Mr. Hambleton's house, which is next to Mr. Glasses, I gave notice of it to John Palmer , Mr. Hambleton's Servant, I heard something fall in a yard, there the lead was found; and the Prisoner was taken in an empty house hard by.
Q. Might not the lead fall by the Wind blowing it down.
Waters. The lead was rolled up close together, as it is now; it had been laid down but a week, the place had been stripped twice before, in six weeks time.
Q. How high is this House?
Waters. But two story high.
John Palmer . I saw a man on the top of Mr. Hambleton's house, I cannot say the Prisoner is the man; I took a light, and went up, but he got away; I believe Mrs. Waters might see him from below by the light of my Candle : he, or some body else, had cut up some of my masters lead, but it was not carried away; it is very easy to get from one House to the other; when I came down, two men, who are here, had got hold of him.
Mr. Hardy. When we went into the old house, belonging to the yard where the lead fell, we search'd about, and in the back kitchen we found the Prisoner, concealed under an old dresser, on seeing his legs I called to Mr. Wells, who came, and we took him.
Mr. Wells. Deposed the same.
Prisoner's Defence. I had been drinking a little and coming home to my lodgings, I happened to go to ease myself in this old house, and there I laid down to sleep, and was fast asleep when they laid hold on me.
Hardy. He was obliged to get over a wall of four foot high, to get into that place.
Benjamin Mac Mahone , otherwise Clark , was indicted for stealing one gold twezer case, one knife with a gold handle, one gold fork, one gold spoon, one gold bodkin, one gold chain, laid at the value of 10 l. and upwards, the Goods of Diana West , in the dwelling house of the Right Honourable the Lord Delaware , Sept. 18
Josiah Dugdel . The Prisoner is a painter , and has work'd at my Lord Delaware's about ten days, in Grovesnor Square ; I was informed he was stopped at Mr. Robertson's a silver smith, with this thing; I desired my Lord's eldest son to write to his Lordship to know, if there was such a thing, which the Prisoner could take away; the letter being answered, it proved it to be his lordship's daughter's lady Diana West; I carried the letter to justice Fielding, and he found it agreed with the particulars mentioned in the indictment.
Mr. Robertson. I am a goldsmith, I remember seeing the Prisoner at my shop, it was on the Saturday before Michaelmas; I cannot exactly tell the time he brought this twezer with the things in it, viz. the fork, spoon, knife, and bodkin, the day before, he sold part of a gold chain to my man, which I then melted down with other gold for use; he told me he found this twezer in Hide-Park; so I stopped him, and carried him before justice Fielding, he confessed before the justice he took it out of my lord's house, and then he was committed.
Lord Delaware. This said twezer did belong to my late Wife, after whose death, I gave it to my youngest daughter, who constantly wore it, till she went into the country: while I was at the Duke of Graston's I received a letter from my son, and after that another from Mr. Dogdel, giving me an account, that there was an old fashioned golden twezer stopped by Mr. Robertson, offered by a man employed in painting at my house; as he had not seen the twezer, he could not give any account of the contents of it. I imagined it to be this same twezer, and asked my daughter where it was? who told me it was left in London, in a dressing box, and the cabinet locked: I wrote a letter to Mr. Dogdel, that if it was her's, it was put in such a place; describing the things in it, that there was a little gold fork, which is very seldom put into twezers now a-days, a spoon, and a knife, and also, that the swivel was torn out at the top of the case, where there was a hole, which was the reason she wore it in her pocket, this is the twezer, and this is her property, and upon reading my letter before justice Fielding, he was satisfied it was my daughters twezer, and committed the Prisoner.
Prisoner. Pray my Lord Delaware, be so far my friend, as to let me be transported
Lord Delaware. I have no objection to that.
Guilty 39 s.
3. James Aldridge , was indicted, for that he together with Henry Barret , (not yet taken.) in a certain field or open place, near the King's highway, on the person of John Piercer , Clerk ; did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, one pair of silver shoe buckles, value 5 s. one silk handkerchief, value 2 s. one pair of leather gloves value 6 d. and 10 s. in money, number'd the goods of the said John, did steal, take, and carry away against his Majesty's peace, crown and dignity , September 26 .
Q. Did you ever see the Prisoner before?
Piercer. I did belong to General Fleming 's regiment, and have seen the Prisoner before in Brabant, about seven years ago, but I did not know him again: I am not sure the Prisoner is one of the men that robbed me; it was very dark.
Q. Give us an account, how you was robbed?
Piercer. I was going in the middle of the Field in the foot path, between seven and eight o'clock in the evening, I was stopped by three men, one of them, had a cutlass, or a sword.
Q. Was you in your habit?
Piercer. I was not: the first thing they proceeded to, was to take my silver buckles out of my shoes, after that, there were two hands in my two pockets, they took out two handkerchiefs, one an india silk, the other a linnen one, and about ten or fourteen shillings, I cannot be exact; I had paid and received money that day several times; they took from me several pieces of old coin, silver and copper; two Roman coins, an Edward's sixpence, an Elizabeth, a Jacobus, a pair of wash-leather gloves. I heard them before they came quite to me, and I saved my gold watch, and three guineas and a half in gold, by putting them down in the bottom of my breeches. James Harrison confessed all the particulars before I asked him, and likewise he has done the same before justice Manwaring, and it is in writing.
Harrison. Yes my lord, I have seen him at Audheagon in Brabant.
Q. Do you know what happened on the 26th of September, at Pancrass?
Harrison. We stopped him; I cannot say I knew his face at that time.
Q. Who is we?
Q. Were did you stop him?
Harrison. In the middle of the field between Pancrass church, and Kentish Town; two of us had sticks, and one a sword.
Q. What sort of sticks?
Harrison. Green sticks cut out of the hedge.
Q. What did you take from him?
Harrison. We took his silver buckles.
Q. Who took them?
Q. What money was there?
Harrison. About six or seven shillings in currant coin, and some old money, which we sold for 3 s. 6 d. to a silver smith in King-street Westminster, I don't know his Name, we took an india handkerchief, and a linnen one, and a pair of wash-leather gloves.
Q. What time of the night was this?
Harrison. It might be about eight o'clock.
Q. Where did you go when you had committed this robbery?
Harrison. We went strait to St. Giles.
Q. Who sold the old money?
Harrison. I did my Lord
Q. What did you do with the buckles?
Harrison. They we pawned my Lord, in a street, I think they call it Long Ditch?
Q. How many pieces of old coin were there?
Harrison. I cannot justly tell, there was a large piece of brass with a Turks head upon it, we were all together when they were sold, and I went in with them.
Q. What did you do with the money?
Harrison. We divided it amongst us all.
Q. What is this Barret?
Harrison. He was a soldier.
Guilty Death .
4. Thomas Good , was indicted for that he in a certain field, or open place near the king's highway, did make an assault upon Robert Butler , putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, taking from him one silver watch, val. 6 l. one silver knee buckle val. 6 d. one linnen handkercheief val. 2 d. two pieces of foreign gold, val. 2 l. 14 s. two pieces, val. 3 l. 12 s. ten guineas, and 9 l. in money , the property of the said Robert, Oct. 15 .
Robert Butler . I live at Paddington, I was stopped the 15th of Oct. last, about 5 o'clock in the morning, I was late in receiving money behind the Exchange, so I staid till towards morning before I set out, thinking, then I should go safe; there were two men stopped me, they had both swords; the first man took my watch, my money, and a knee buckle out of my pocket; which by his own confession, was James Harrison , while they were taking that, the other behind me, which I take to be the Prisoner, took a handkerchief out of my coat pocket; I lost to the value of 26 l. they left me but 4 d. 1/2.
Q. How do you know the Prisoner to be one of the Men?
Butler. By the confession of himself and Harrison, when they were first taken.
Q. Who was taken up first?
Butler. We took Good first, I had advertised the watch; and I went to the maker Anthony Marsh , who took me to justice Mainwaring's, where the Prisoner confess'd this robbery, it was taken down in writing, and read to him.
Q. Did you see him sign it?
Butler. I did not my Lord.
Q. Did you get any of your things again?
Butler. No my Lord, they had sold the watch, but they could not give an account where.
James Harrison . The Prisoner, and myself, robbed Mr. Butler, we took his watch, and some money, silver and gold; I cannot tell how much, there was a good deal; Thomas Good took the watch; and I the money, and knee buckle; there were 36 s. Pieces, four guineas and some silver; after we had robbed him, we went into Holborn to a night house, then we got a coach, and went to the sign of the ship in Ratcliff, the Prisoner got most of the money from me, he was taken at that alehouse, and discovered it himself.
Q. What did you do with the watch?
Harrison I sold it on monday night, for two guineas, in a night house somewhere near the mansion house, I was very drunk; we did the robbery about five o'clock on Sunday morning.
Prisoner. I never took any of the money from him.
Mr. Ember. On the 15 of October last, about nine o'clock in the morning, I had been up at the New Crane about business, I saw two or three soldiersAnthony Marsh , No. 765.
Q. to the Prosecutor. Is that the name and No. of your watch you was robb'd of?
Butler. It was, my lord.
Ember. I went the next morning to Justice Manwaring's, and related what I had seen, and he said, I had all the reason in life to take them up, advising me so to do, and to advertise the watch. Upon this I took up the Prisoner, Harrison not being there; this was on the Thursday morning. I told him it was for a robbery on the highway, he said he knew of no robbery. I told him I had got Harrison in my custody, adding, he wants to be admitted an evidence, said I, the first that comes before the Justice may be admitted for ought I know. I had not got Harrison, but made use of such words to come at the affair; said the Prisoner, I went to drink some hot, I got a pot of hot, and after drinking a little of that he confessed the robbery; then he asked me where Harrison was ? we got out of him where Harrison was to be found, and we took him the next day, and he was secur'd in the Savoy, and before Justice Manwaring, he confessed about 20 robberies he had been in.
Ralph Cleghorne . I live at the sign of the Ship near Ratcliff-Cross, the Prisoner was billited on me about twenty days, or a month. On the 15th of October I was at church, when I came home, I saw the Prisoner and four more together.
Q. Had he been constant in that house o'nights?
Cleghorne. He had then been out three or four days, and he told me he had been upon duty; these soldiers had called for a half crown bowl of punch, my wife did not care to make it, fearing they had no money; said one of them. are you afraid of your money, come give me change for this moidore? she took it, and said it was a 36 s. piece, said he, no it is not; from this I had a suspicion they had been robbing somebody. I went and acquainted the constable directly, he came with me, and found them a little quiet, said he, let them drink on, you'll see more by and by; at last they called for a pot of flip, and our servant went in, and saw Harrison give Good something, and said, give me two guineas; when I went in, I saw the gold lying on the table, they began to renew the discourse about the thing again which I had heard before: Harrison said to Good, d - n you, if you will not let me have the thing I'll draw my sword upon you; says he, either give me two guineas or the thing : I said, what thing is that? says he, nothing at all. After some words said Harrison, by G - d it is a watch, said I, I insist upon your delivering the man the watch or money, he delivered the watch, and Harrison gave him half-a-crown. I pulled out my watch and said to him, what o'clock is it by yours, said he it is down, said I, let me wind it up for you; I took it, and likewise the name and No. as before-mentioned, and returned it to Harrison again; after that, fearing I should mistake, I said I had not set it, so I took it again, and look'd at the name and No. then I sent to the constable, but before he came they were all gone; Harrison had the watch, I told the constable about it, and I said I'd go to the watchmaker and see if he could inform me who bought that watch of him, but as my wife was not very well, the constable proposed to go.
5. Robert Hickson and Thomas Good , was a 2 d time indicted, for that they in a certain field or open place, near the king's highway, upon Elick Bull did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and taking one silver watch, val. 50 s. and 11 s. and three half-pence in money numbered , the goods of the said Robert, did steal, take and carry away, Oct. 8 .
Elick Bull. I live upon Blackheath, I am a miller ; I was coming over the fields near Bow-common Oct. 8. about half an hour after 6 in the evening, from Bromley to Limehouse, and we were stopp'd by three soldiers .
Q. We, who is we?
Q. Do you know the two Prisoners at the bar ?
Bull. I believe the two Prisoners were two of the men that robb'd me, but I will not positively swear to them. They confest the things.
Bull. They came up to us and bid us stand, and I believe James Harrison to be the man who took my watch and money, both he and Thomas Good the Prisoner, told me they sold my watch to a Jew, at the Black-Boy in Shoemaker-Row, he is a schoolmaster, they call him Rabby, for 16 s. and a pot of beer, I went to him, and gave 15 s. for it, and had it again.
James Belsham . I cannot positively swear to the Prisoners, but I believe them to be two of the men that robb'd Elick Bull and I. They robb'd him of a watch and 11 s. and three half-pence, and me of a watch and 9 s. they were all dressed in soldier's cloaths.
Q. How arm'd?
Belsham. With long swords; they put their hands to our pockets, and took out our watches and money.
Q. Was it light?
Belsham. Light enough to discern their cloaths, and see them rob us.
Q. What was done there?
Harrison. We stopp'd these two gentlemen and robb'd them.
Q. What was done to Elick Bull?
Harrison. I took his watch from him, and some silver and half-pence, and Thomas Good he took the other things from the other witness, but the watch that Good took, he never own'd to us he had taken; we ask'd him if he had taken a watch from him, but he said he had not; then we all went together that night through White-Chapel, to a house in Shoemaker-Row, the Black-Boy, and sold the watch taken from Elick Bull, for 16 s. and a full pot, and divided the money.
Q. What oad you for your share?
Harrison. We had about 18 s. each.
Both Guilty .
6. William Meadall , was indicted, for that he on the 26th of July , about the hour of 3 on the same day, the dwelling house of Timothy Walker did break and enter, taking one hat, val. 7 s. one mahogany tea-chest and cannisters, val. 12 s. one pound of hyson tea, val. 12 s. one pocket-book, val. 6 d. one hand bell, val. 1 s. the goods of the said Timothy, one man's hat, val. 1 s. and one pair of silver spurs, val. 15 s. the goods of Edmund Thomas , in the dwelling-house of Timothy Walker , did steal, take, and carry away .
Timothy Walker . I live at Totenham , I keep the White-Hart inn , I have been robb'd as mentioned in the indictment, but I never saw the Prisoner to my knowledge till the 28th of Oct, when he was taken. My house was broke open on the 26th of July, between the hours of 2 and 4 I saw all the doors and windows fast before I went to bed that night, as I always do, about 6 o'clock my maids got up, and they called me, there was a window, the glass of which was taken down, it was an old fashioned window, and the doors were open.
Q. What did you loose?
Walker. I lost a hat, a tea chest, 3 cannisters, a pound of tea in a cannister, one napkin, a velvet pillareen, a hand-bell, a pocket book, some papers, notes of hand, and other things, a pair of silver spurs, and a hat of Mr. Thomas's.
Q. When did you see these things before ?
Walker. I made use of the hand-bell behind the bar the night before, and had wore my hat that day; here is the bell and pocket-book in court. I had intelligence where the Prisoner lodg'd, Edmund Thomas and Daniel Richardson assisted in taking him; when we came to his lodgings in Maiden-Lane in Southwark, we asked for him, he was not at home, we went up stairs into his room, and found about nine pocket-books, one of them was mine, and the bell was hid in the middle of the bed, and I found this hat, this was the 28th of Oct. I being inform'd he used to pawn things with Mr. Jennings, went there and found my hat, which I can swear to by the lining, &c. All the things I lost was valued at about 3 l. exclusive of Mr. Thomas's spurs and hat.
Mr. Thomas deposed the same, as to taking the Prisoner in Maiden-Lane, and finding the pocket-books and hand-bell, with this addition, that the Prisoner got away from them after they had search'd him, but they took him again, and that the Prisoner's landlady told them, that sometimes the Prisoner went out in a gold lac'd waistcoat and ruffles, and sometimes in a mean dress, crying hot pyes, and that they found a pack of cards in his pocket wrapp'd up in one of Mr. Walker's bills, which Mr. Walker confirm'd.
Q. from the Prisoner. I desire the prosecutor may be ask'd, whether he has ever heard any ill of me?
Walker. I have heard of several robberies committed by him, since these things were found in Maiden-Lane.
Wm Jennings . I believe, I may have seen the Prisoner about fifteen times, bringing things and fetching them out again.
Q. What are you?
Jennings. I am a Pawnbroker.
Q. Did he ever come to you in a gold laced waistcoat and ruffles ?
Jennings Yes, he has, he told me he was a hare dresser, but I did not know where he lived then; I took in this hat, Mr. Walker has swore to it three times in his own name, I lent him half a crown on it.
Q. to Mr. Walker. What is the value of that hat ?
Walker. About three half crowns, it cost me a guinea when new.
Q. from the Prisoner. Was the lace, upon the waistcoat gold or not ? you have it now in your possession.
Jennings. It is not right gold.
Q. What do you mean by right gold?
Jennings. It is tinsel.
Q. What did you lend him upon it?
Jennings. I lent him 6 s. upon it.
Prisoner's Defence. I found these things. I never saw the prosecutor's house in my life.
Guilty, 4 s. 10 d.
He was a 2d time indicted, for that he on the 23d of July , about the hour of 2 in the night on the same day, the dwelling-house of Henry Field did break and enter, and taking one tin cannister , val. 4 d. one tea-chest, val. 3 s. one linnen tablecloth, one pocket-book, and other things , the goods of Henry Field .
Henry Field . I live at the sign of the Three jolly Butchers at Newington . I was robb'd the 23d of July in the morning, this pocket-book and some notes of hand were found in the Prisoner's apartment after he was taken up and sent to goal, but I can't charge the Prisoner with breaking and robbing my house, for we were all asleep when it was done.
He was a third time indicted, for that he on the 3d of August , about the hour of 3 in the night on the same day, the dwelling-house of Benjamin Pitcher , did break and enter, taking one quarter of a pound of sugar, one quarter of a pound of green tea, one quarter of a pound of bohea tea, and other things, and 3 l. in money , the goods of the said Benjamin Pitcher .
Neither of the things found were laid in the indictment, therefore he was acquitted .
7. Earret Lawler , was indicted, for that he together with George Carter not yet taken, Dec. the 27th , about the hour of 10 in the night on the same day , the dwelling-house of Adam Stewards did break and enter, taking from thence one pistol mounted with silver , val. 30 s. one pistol mounted with brass, 2 hangers mounted with silver, one silver hilted sword , val. 30 s. one brussels head, val. 3 l. one velvet cloak, val . 40 s. 7 silver spoons, val. 30 s. one silver cream-pot, val. 12 s. and other things , the goods of the said Adam Stewards .
Adam Stewards . On the 27th of Dec. my house was broke open. I live in Holborn, at the Ship and Sheers ; my wife and I went out between 6 and 7 o'clock to sup with a neighbour, I return'd again about a quarter before 11, and found the door broke all to pieces, I believe it flew in a hundred pieces, the street door was left open for the lodgers, it was an entry door, but the door that was broke was out of the entry, opening into my parlour, which I left double locked.
Q. Where was the goods taken from ?
Stewards. Some out of the parlour, and some out of the shop; there were six or eight coats and a laced waistcoat taken out of the glass case; I lost a silver mounted pistol, 2 silver mounted hangers, one silver mounted sword, these were taken out of the shop; in the passage of the shop there is a shelf where I put my fustians, I lost two pieces, one piece measured 20 yards, the other 24. I lost some, shirts, but I don't know the number, one brussels head, lappets, caul and ruffles, one velvet cloak, and one scarlet cloak not made up, 7 silver spoons, one silver punch ladle, and one silver cream pot. In July, some people came to me, and said there was a man taken up for a robbery over the water, who in confessing what robbery he had been guilty of, owned he was an accomplice in this; I went to Justice Clark, and told him what I had lost, the justice told me the man had made a confession of it, which person was John Bowen the next witness; these two pistols are all the goods I have seen since, they were found by Mr. Hughs, who was robb'd by Supple and Mackey in Surry, who on searching the house of one James Jones at Dicks shore, where Moll Blare was taken, he found them concealed in a chest.
Q. What business is he of?
George Carter and I, went out of Drury-Lane on purpose of lift up latches and sash-windows, to see what we could steal from thence. With this intent we went to the upper end of Drury-Lane, and turn'd, and went down towards Holborn, a pretty way down on the left hand side of the way; we thought it too late to go on what they call the evening sneak, George Carter open'd a street door and went in, Garret Lawler went in after him, and I stood at the door to give the watch word; there was a door to an inward room, but they could not make the lock fly, they called to me, and I went in, and then we could not do it, we had lik'd to have broke the partition, the people called out, and we thought they were coming upo n us, we went out, and went a little higher up, Carter lifted up a latch and went in, Garret Lawler passed by, and I stood at the door to give the watch word; Lawler presently came back, then he went in, they saw no light, nor heard any noise, and finding a door in, the passage that was lock'd, they called me in, and I put my shoulder and hands to it, and we forc'd the pannel in, and drove a hole through the door.
Q. What time of the night was this?
Bowen. A little after 9 o'clock at night.
Q. How do you know this was the Prosecutor's house?
Bowen. I did not know till I saw the advertisement in the news. As soon as we had made the pannel fly, we all three of us listened, and found no one heard us, then we all of us went in again, George Carter stood to see if any body came upon us, I went and got a light in a little dark lanthorn, and all three of us went in and shut too the outward door, then the Prisoner and Carter went in through the hole of the door with the candle, they drew away some of the splinters to get in through the hole; there was a chest of drawers on the right hand side, which the Prisoner opened, Carter goes to a corner cupboard, the Prisoner brought several ruffles, 5 or 6 men's shirts, borders for caps, 2 or 3 stone buttons set in silver, and an old silver stud, a tortoiseshell snuff-box, and 7 s. in money. Says the Prisoner, see that I don't sink upon you, then Carter was fumbling about a looking-glass, said I, don't take it down, you can't hand it through the door, then he handed me a silver punch ladle, and a tea chest; then they turn'd round upon the left-hand side, and George Carter brings me 2 hangers, 2 small swords, and 3 pistols. one had either a dog's head, or a lyon's head at the end of it. I'll swear this is the very pistol, taking up such a one that lay by him, which the Prosecutor had swore too as his property. We took 3 pistols, then the Prisoner brings me 2 pieces of fustian, a black velvet cloak, and a small remnant, I believe it was a pattern for a cloak; then he goes back again, and brings me 6 men's coats; then they came out through the hole of the door, there was a scarlet waistcoat trimm'd with gold lace lay without sleeves, I took all these things out of the hole of the door, when we took the things, I had most of them wrapp'd up, and I strove to open the street-door, but could not, being fastened. I said somebody had put a trick upon us, the Prisoner said, he would go round and open the shop door, then I knew it to be a shop, then George Carter came and opened the door, and out we went, then we went down Drury-Lane. We carried them to Jemmy Field's up one pair of stairs, then the Prisoner nor Carter would not sell them; Lawler said he wanted a shirt, the other said he wanted another, said he, I'll have a shirt too, so we drew lots, and it sell to my lot to take the first choice, while I was chusing my shirt, Carter tries on the gold laced waistcoat, said he, I'll have this, and the next thing that we get which you like you shall have; the pistols, the tea-chest and the swords lay upon the table, said they at last to me, do you sell them: Margaret Field ask'd me what I would have for them, I answer'd eight guineas, said she, I'll give you 3, then she bid us 4, I said, we'll go try elsewhere; when we were going down stairs, she called and said I'll give you 5, this was for the cloaths and all, exclusive of the pistols.
Q What is become of her?
Bowen. I have transported her upon my information; then her husband came up, and I sold the 2 pistols to him for two guineas, we lost one pistol in going there; the whole was 7 guineas, which we divided amongst us three, we had 51 shillings a-piece, and to the odd shilling she was a shilling, so we had a bottle of wine, then she was 6 d. to our 6 d. a piece, so we had another bottle.
Q. How long had you been acquainted with this man.
Bowen. Two or three months.
Q. Why did not you discover this sooner.
Bowen. Two or three months?
Q. Why did not you discover this sooner?
I was in Prison that very time in Ireland.
Lawrence Savage . I came from Dublin about five months ago to work, the prisoner and I were Prisoners together in the Marshalsea prison in Dublin in Ireland; he came in there fourteen nights before Christmas, I went out the latter end of January.
Q. Was he in that Gaol the 28th of December, in 1748.
Savage. He was my Lord.
Q. Where do you live now?
Savage. In St. James's market, I am a butcher.
Q. Where did you land, and at what time?
Savage. At Parkgate in the beginning of June.
Q. Was you never here in your life before?
Savage. I had a brother that went to sea, and I came to see after ne prize money of his.
Q. How long did you know the Prisoner, before you were prisoners together ?
Savage. I knew him five years before.
Q. Did you ever see Bowen before?
Savage. I never did in my life before.
Q. to Bowen. Do you know this witness?
Bowen. I never saw him in my life before.
Q. to Savage. How came you to be so certain as to the Prisoner ?
Savage. The Man that put him in gaol, was an acquaintance of mine?
Q. What countryman is he?
Savage. He was born in Dublin, I never know him out of Dublin in my life, before he was brought here.
Q. How came he to find you out, to come and give your testimony upon this affair?
Savage. I heard some of our neighbours speaking of it, that there were several men brought over, and one Lawler was with them.
Q. When had you any conversation with the Prisoner?
Savage. About a month before I left Dublin.
Q. Since you came to England, when had you conversation with him.
Savage. I never heard any thing about it, till within a fortnight ago, I went voluntary to him in Newgate, and told him I would be of service to him, upon which he subpoena'd me here.
Q. Did you know before such time, when and upon what account the fact was charged against him.
Savage. I did not, my Lord.
Q. Who acquainted you with the time of the year the fact was supposed to be done ?
Savage. I heard of it, and I know he was in gaol in December, that is all I know.
Q. Did you go to him, and say, I hear you you are to be tried, and I can be of service to you?
Savage. I went to him about three weeks ago.
Q. Who told you of his being in Gaol?
Savage. A young fellow, a chairman.
Q. Is he here ?
Savage. No my Lord.
Q. Do you know of the Prisoners being in the Marshalsea prison in Ireland?
Stanley. I left him there about a fortnight, or three weeks before Christmas last: I was the officer who arrested him fourteen or fifteen days before Christmas, and carried him in there.
Q. Did you use to see him there frequently after.
Stanley. I saw him there for almost every day, for I believe five or six weeks, I have been there three or four times in a day. I arrested him in a suit of a person who kept a public house; with my lord Mayor's warrant.
Q. For how much money?
Stanley. For 5 or 6 and 30 s.
Q. When did you bring him here ?
Stanley. the first day of the last sessions.
Q. Can you take upon you to say the prisoner remained more than a month in that Prison, for that debt.
Stanley. I am sure he did my Lord.
Q. About what time was he discharged?
Stanley. I believe in about two months time.
Q. Did you see him there, after he came out ?
Stanley. I did my Lord.
He was a second time indicted, for that he together with John Carter , (not yet taken) on the 27th of Dec. about the hour of one in the night of the same day, did break and enter the dwelling house of John Jones , and steal, take, and carry away, 140 yards of holland, value 8 l. two petticoats, value 5 s. the Goods of the said John Jones .
John Jones . I live in Bow-street, Convent Garden, my wife is a hoop-petticoat maker, my house was brook open the 27th of December, betwixt the hour of 12 and 1, in the morning, there is a street door that opens to a passage, and my shop door which opens into that passage, was burst open, and in a glass case on the other side the shop facing the door, they took out several pieces of hooping hollands, and several remnants, to the amount of upwards of 140 yds. We found some of the goods again, upon searching the house of one James Jones at Dick's shore, Limehouse.
Mary Jones I am wife to the prosecutor on the 26 of Dec. I went to bed with both my servants, much about twelve at night, I fastened the door myself, it was bolted with a large broad bolt; I believe it was not locked: a little before two o'clock, a chairman that lives in the back yard knocked at my door, and said, do you know your shop door is open; I got up and went in and found the staple of the door was flew to the other side of the shop: I found the glass case broke, and every thing ransacked; and the till taken out : There were missing 9 pieces of holland, about 130 or 140 yards, with some remnants taken away; I saw them there on the Monday in the evening : We met with some of them about three weeks before the last sessions, at one James Jones 's, a sort of a broker at Dick's Shore, Limehouse; here is about 130 yards I took from them, in court.
Q. What induced you to go there for them?
Mr. Jones. Mr. Stewards who was robbed the same night, about 2 or 3 hours before by the same people, had been there to search for his things, and sent me word, there were a large parcel of hoopping hollands in this house, then I went to justice Bury's and got a search warrant, and found these hollands, and know them to be mine, but I don't know who they received them from.
Adam Stewards . I was at Jones's house, at Dick's Shore, the 27th of Sept. last, searching for my goods, I found my two pistols there, and saw these other goods in a box, I sent Mrs. Jones word of them, knowing she had lost such.
John Bowen . I know the Prisoner at the bar I was acquainted with him, about 6 or 7 weeks, before the 27th of Dec. last; on that day, he the Prisoner, George Carter , and I were drinking together at Jemmy Fields, in Drury Lane; about 12 at night of the 26th, Garret Lawler went out to make water, and came in again, and said to us, I think it is a fine night to go out upon the mill, that is what they call house-breaking, he asked George Carter , and I, if we were willing to go We all three agreed, we went a little way up Drury-lane, the first turning on the left hand side, of the way we turned down, till we came to Mr. Jones's house, next door or next door but one, to the brown bear. Then Garret Lawler lifted up the latch of the street door, and went in; he found another door on the right hand side, there was a brass knob on the inward door; he and Carter tried to open it, but they could not, then they bid me come in, which I did; then we all three thrust our shoulders against the door, and made the lock fly, or else drew the staple; however, the door flew open: we then left Carter at the door, and Lawler and I got a light, when we came back, they two went into the shop, and I stood at the door; there was a counter fronting the door, and a glass case on the other side of it; they went and opened this glass case, and took out six or seven pieces of check stuff, they call'd it holland; they gave me several remnants, and we had each of us a load; then we went up the street again, and came back to Jemmy Fields house.
Q. What time do you think you broke open this shop ?
Bowen. A little after one o'clock, we carried the goods into a room where we all laid that night, it was my lodging; the next morning when it was day light, Field's wife came up and over haul'd them, and said she could not put them off: we asked her six pounds for them, she bid us three guineas; we agreed for that; I dont know how they came to Jones's house at Limehouse; I know Field and Jones, had used to trade together; there was a gang and a guard of us used to use the Fox in Drury lane, just as the candles are lighted, they all meet there together; four or five set in one box, and two or three in another,; and entitle themselves the Family Men; they don't care what it cost them, or what they swear, to save one another's lives.
Q. Was you ever on such enterprizes with the Prisoner after this ?
Bowen I was not; but I have been with Carter since.
Prisoner's Defence. The same as in the former trial.
Lawrence Savage . D'posed the same as before.
The latter was taken into custody, as soon as the Jury had given in their verdict; on suspicion of robbing a Person of a watch.
The Prisoner belonged to the Workhouse , and had taken the blanket out of the house.
Guilty 10 d .
Prisoner's Defence. I lodged in the prosecutor's house, five or six months, his wife and I went out to receive some Prize money, upon my return wanting some small beer, I took that pot and went out to get some; but meeting a shipmate, he asked me, where I was going with that pot? I said, what is that to you, then they took me before the justice.
11. Michael Callaghan , was indicted for stealing one feather bed, three shirts, one quilt, one man's hat, one woollen cap, one great coat, and one brass candlestick, all valued at about 13 s. the goods of John Cardwell , Oct. 23 .
John Cardwell lives at Molson's Dock, in Surry; and Owen Jones keeps a publick house in Thames-street; to whose house the prisoner had carried the bundle and laid them on the table; and being very drunk, laid down by them and slept. The Prosecutor, Jones, and two other witnesses, gave the Prisoner a good character, as a very honest industrious man, but an unhappy mad man when in liquor, and that the fact was done when in such a case.
13. James Ward was indicted, for that he on the 26th of Nov . about the hour of six after midnight, did break and enter the dwelling house of John Keys , and took from thence 7 s. and 6 d. the money of the said John Keys .
John Keys . I live in Tower-street, I am a grocer: between six or seven in the morning on the 26th of Nov. a person knocked at my door and said, some body had broke into my shop; I got up, and called some of my servants, we went to the money drawer, and found all was gone; a parcel of halfpence, and 3 s. 6 d. in silver, and by looking about the shop, we found the prisoner concealed in a rice barrel. I asked him how he got into the shop, he said he pulled the paniel out from the window with his hands; we saw marks made with some iron instrument to wrench it out; we f ound a parcel of half pence in his pocket: which he said he took out of my drawer, there were 7 s and odd in half pence.
Guilty of Felony only .
The Prosecutor drives a Coach of his own, he was sitting dozing on his box in White Chappel , the Prisoner came and took his buckle out of his shoe, and 2 s. out of his pocket? which awaked the coachman, who drove his horses after him, crying out stop thief; the Prisoner running down Hounsditch, fell down, and was taken by John Smith a watchman, the buckle was found in the place where he fell. the next day
Guilty 10 d.
16. William Tidd , was indicted for that he together with James Mercer (not yet taken) on the 16th of Oct . did break and enter the dwelling house of Matth.ew Gilbert ; and stole from thence, three copper sauce pans, two wooden casks, four quarts of spirituous liquors, one pewter crane , the goods of the said Matthew Gilbert .
James Johnson , Valentine Godwin, and Philip Lacy , on the king's highway, on the Body of Henry Aplen did make an assault, putting him in bodily fear and danger of his life, taking from him one hat, one handkerchief, and 3 l. and 3 d. in money , numbered the goods of the said Henry Aplen .
The Prisoner was an Accomplice with Valentine Godwin and Johnson, whose tryal is (No: 422 in the last Mayoralty to which the Pleader is referred
Guilty 4 s. 10 d.
Matthew Salmon . I was coming along the Park the 29th of Nov. among the thickest of the trees, there was this woman, she said, how do you my dear; I said, how do you do my girl, how goes trading : she said, very dull; she had not took hansel that night: I said, I had got a penny in my pocket in half-pence, if you are willing to lie down for that, you shall have it: she said, as she had not broke her fast, she would; upon this condition, that I should give her a dram afterwards; to which I agreed; so to the diversion we went - afterwards, as I was going to give her a dram, from Rosamonds pond, towards the iron gate, into Queen's-Square, the lamp gave an opportunity of seeing what sort of a lass I had got, for I did not see her before: when, I saw her, I did not like her; and wanted to get rid of her: as it happened a man came by in a mean dress with a leather apron on, she went up to him and while they were talking together, I went over the broad way to the gin shop, and looking about for her, found she was gone; I thought her the first of her trade that ever refused a dram, I was then suspicious that she had rob me; feeling, I immediately missed my watch : I ran after her from Queen's Square, the nearest to the Globe tavern, where I found her and the man close together, and but a little way off from a lamp. I took hold of her and said; Madam my Watch? the gentleman he ran away; but I secured her, and carried her before justice Lediard, in Palace Yard; to whom I told every thing; the justice said, how do you know but you might loose your watch out of your pocket upon the grass, when your breeches were down: I said, they were only turned down a little way; and if they had been turned quite down, my job was so streight, that it would not have fell out; the justice then was so curious as to take me, into an inward room to look at my breeches. I felt my watch the moment I went to be concerned with her; and I am as sure she had it, as I am sure of death; though she was willing to be search'd.
Prisoner's Defence. He took his sword (he is a soldier) and swore he would run me thro', if I would not be concerned with him. I said, I would not lie down for six pence, and afterwards he said, we must go to a bawdy-house, because I did not do it right. He was much in liquor; thinks I this is but a poor sort of a man to give me but a penny; I chose rather to go with the other man; than he came running back, and said I had got his watch, and he would have it out of my neck.
Prosecutor. She has had many a watch before now. I am sure she had mine.
20. Christian Grant , spinster, otherwise Flack , was indicted for stealing three diaper table cloths, val. 10 s. two diaper clouts, val 2 s. one towel and other things , the goods of George Bacon , July 3 .
Guilty 10 d.
21. William Nightingale , was indicted for stealing three Perukes , val. 20 s. the Property of William Morgan , Esq ; one peruke, value 7 s. and 6 d. the property of Morris Clutton , one Peruke the Property of George Wise .
The Prisoner was an apprentice to George Wise the Prosecutor; he called witnesses to prove, as his master was much from home, he had not a sufficiency allowed him for victuals and drink, and that the money he made of these Wigs, was laid out for the same.
22. 23. Edward Dempsey , and Patrick Dempsey , were indicted for that they on the king's-highway, upon Thomas Brown did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear, and danger of his life, and took from him one gold watch, with a gold seal, val. 12 l. one gold ringThomas Brown , Oct. 8 .
Thomas Brown . I am a merchant , I live in Lombard Street; on the 3 d of Oct. between 11 and 12 at night; a lady had been at my house; I sent a servant for a hackney coach to see her home; she lived in Prescot street Goodmans Fields; I conducted her safe into her own door, and discharged the coach; and was comming home on foot, the two prisoners (with another not yet taken ) followed me round the corner into the next street, as far as Sir Clifford Phillips's door, than the Prisoner Patrick took hold on my right hand, and pulled me very hard, I tried to disengage my self from him, he said, dont be in such a hurry pray, and catched hold of my collar, upon which the other two men came up to me, one with a hanger, and the other with a pistol, and threatned to blow my brains out, if I made the least noise; Edward Dempsey had the hanger. Immediately they began to rifle me; I made no resistance; they took from me a plain gold watch, with a gold seal, and a diamond ring with 7 or 8 diamonds in it, they took all my silver, my halfpence, and my knife, a linnen handkerchief, my hat and wig, my wig was found upon Edward Dempsey 's head, when he was taken: I have got none of my other things, it was a very fine star-light evening, and near a lamp; I cannot be mistaken in the men; I can describe their particular actions in the robbery; Patrick seems to have the same cloaths now, as he had then; Edward had quite another dress then, then he has now, in the mean time they were risling my pockets, for they had all their hands in by turns, there came a gentleman by that belongs to the Custom-house, who lives in the same street, Patrick and the other not taken, ran away; Edward staid behind, and said, have you got any more; and kept fumbling about my fob, saying, he would blow my brains out, if I did not give him all; I said he had got all, then he took my hat and wig, and handkerchief out of my pocket; and put his hat on my head ? the others were but a little distance; this was all done in a few minutes time; he went away, I called after him and begg'd he would give me my wig again; upon which he came back, and wrapt out an oath, saying, he would blow my brains out, if I came after him, bidding me go the other way, I went as he ordered, but making a stop, he called out to me, saying, will you go forwards or no. Patrick was taken, and carried before Sir Samuel Gore , on the 14th of Nov. where he confess'd he did the robbery, in company with Edward Dempsey and James Rion : I did not see Edward till the 29th, when I saw him in the New Gaol, Surry; I was positive to him at the first sight.
Francis Burne , and Edward Mackever , who took Edward Dempsey , deposed; he had told them before he absconded, that he must hide himself on the account of this robbery; after the watch was advertised, they made search for him, found, and took him.
Both Guilty , Death .
William Johnson is a brasier in Rotherith he lent it a captain on board a ship to do some business with the Prisoner stole it from on board the Ship, and brought to the Prosecutors shop to sell, where he was taken.
The prosecutor not appearing he was acquitted .
26 James Lane , was indicted for stealing one 36 s. piece, one piece of Spanish coin, val. 4 s. 6 d. 2 Guineas, and one half guinea, and 4 l. 11 s. 6 d. in money, numbered the goods of John Dunlop , in the dwelling house of the said John Dunlop , Nov. 3 .
John Dunlop . I live at the Thistle and Crown, Charing Cross ; I have a club at my house every Wednesday Evening, of tradesmen, gentlemen's Servants, and others. On the 3d of Nov. the Prisoner came, he not having money borrowed six pence of David Bayly , and as they were altogether in the room, my wife had occasion to go up to a pair of chest of drawers, which were close to the prisoners back, to open a drawer to change a guinea, she took out silver and put in a guinea; he took so much notice of it, as to say to the company, let us be merry, here's money enough, putting back his elbow to the drawers; as he was late there, he desired David Bayly to get leave for him to lie there
David bayly After the Prisoner and I had called for some bread and cheese, the prisoner said he must go up stairs for his comb, he went up and staid some time, he came down again, and heard my landlady talk of going up to the drawers, he said he must go to the Hay-market, he left me and the bread and cheese and never returned.
Mrs. Dunlop deposed at ten o'clock she told the money, and lock'd the drawer, that the Prisoner and David Bayley did not come down stairs till twelve at noon; they went to bed very late; and the Prisoner went up again for his comb and staid some time, upon her going up stairs again, he hurried away, she also describ'd the pieces of money, as in the indictment.
Guilty 39 s.
27. Mary, the wife of Michael Murphy , was indicted for stealing in the dwelling house of John Fisher one silk purse value 1 penny, one gold ring, val. 10 s. one silver thimble and eight 26 s. pieces, one guinea and one half guinea , the goods and money of the said John Fisher , November 28 .
Elizabeth Fisher . I am wife to John Fisher , after the door was opened, I put my hand to my pocket for my keys, then I found the prisoner in my inward room, standing by my drawers, said I, what do you do here? she said, Mrs. here is all your money; she delivered me the purse with all my money, except two 36 s. pieces, we stripped and searched her, one of them dropped from her when she was putting her stomacher on again, the other we never could find.
Guilty, 39 s.
28. * Benjamin Dixon , was indicted, for that he on the 14th of Oct . about the hour of three in the night, on the same day, the dwelling house of Edward Buckingham , did break and enter, and stole from thence 56 lb. wt. of flax, value 50 s. one linnen bag, val. 2 d. the goods of the said Edward Buckingham .
Edward Buckingham . I live in Broad St. Giles's , on the 15th of November, between 5 and 6 o'clock, I was called up by a neighbour, who told me my seller was broke open : I got up and found the lock was wrench'd off, and the door broke, there was taken out a linnen bag, with upwards of half a hundred of flax.
Guilty, Felony only .
Guilty, 10 d.
30. Mary Macdonal , was indicted for stealing one holland shirt , val. 14 s. the goods of Thomas More , one Russia table cloath, val, 3 s. one linnen table-cloth, the goods of Edward Buckland . And 2 pair of stockings , the goods of John Nightley , Oct. 20 .
Edward Smith , and Mary his wife , were indicted for stealing one cloth coat, val. 20 s. one cloth waistcoat, val. 7. one linnen shirt, one pair of shoes , the goods of Thomas Duncomb , Nov. 6 .
Mary, Acquitted .
Guilty, 10 d.
34. John Edwards , was indicted, for entering the dwelling house of Robert Fleming , and stealing from thence one silver quart tankard, val. 5 l. 2 silver pint mugs, val 5 l. one half-pint mug, val. 20 s. one sauce boat, val. 5 s. 5 silver spoons, val. 20 s. 4 silver tea-spoons, and 1 strainer, val. 5 s. The goods of the said Robert Fleming , Oct. 17 .
Robert Fleming . I live in Friday-street , I was not at home when the Prisoner took these things out of my house. I lost these goods mentioned in the indictment on the 17th of Oct. between two and three o'clock in the afternoon; I came home and missed my boy out of my warehouse. I went up stairs, and the plate was gone; the maid was up in a two pair of stairs room, these things were all found upon the Prisoner except one pint mug; I saw the half pint mug taken out of his pocket, my boy was in pursuit of him when I came home.
Michael Devet . I am an apprentice to Mr. Fleming, I saw the Prisoner rise up as if he rose out of the ground, by the corner of the entry door, which he must, or else come out of my master's house, between 2 and three o'clock in the afternoon. I saw a silver tankard in his bosom, he walked slowly by the window down the street, he turned up towards the Old Change, I followed him, and overtook him; I told him that tankard did not belong to him, and he should not go off with it; he began to d - n me, and made a blow at me, but missed me, he ran away towards St. Paul's, I called stop thief; near St. Paul's-Church-Yard he flung a tankard at me, I stopt and took it up, he ran, and I after him; the Prisoner put his hand into his pocket and took out a butter-boat, which he trund led at me; a gentleman pursued and collar'd him, then brought him cross St. Paul's-Church-Yard, and gave him to the mob, then carrying him down the Old Change to a constable, he fell down, and there lay, the people thought he had hurt himself; he rose up all on a sudden with a knife in his hand, and swore, the first man that touch'd him he would stab; he made along, and stabb'd Mr. Austin, as he was standing at his own door; he turned up Little Carter-Lane, and the mob pelted him, he took up dirt and stones, and returned them again, then he ran forward, and turn'd into St. Paul's-Church-Yard. then Mr. Alsop a Barber, took him, he was not above a minute's time out of my sight all the time; he was searched, and we found the spoons and a pint pot upon him. We carry'd him to the compter, then my master came, and he was ordered out again to be searched; after he had been in about five minutes, there was taken out of his pocket three neckcloths, a handkerchief, and a half-pint silver mug.
Eliz. Morris. Servant to the Prosecutor deposed, that these things mention'd in the indictment were in the beauset that day at 2 o'clock.
Andrew James deposed, that he with a pairing-shovel seconded the blow given the Prisoner by Mr. Alsop, and brought him to the ground, and of his cutting Mr. Ashton in the arm, and likewise his saying when taken, he was sorry he had not killed him, and also had not cut a dozen more.
Mr. Ashton shewed the wound on his arm, and confirmed what the other had swore.
Prisoner's Defence. I have got witness to prove how I came by the plate.
Margaret Thompson . I work for a milliner, and had been home with some work in the Minories; I met him, he ask'd me if I would go and drink a pint of beer, we went to an alehouse near the Mansion-house, at the sign of the Mansion-house; this was about 6 or 7 weeks ago, I cannot tell exactly the day. He met with three men after we had been drinking; he went down almost by Walbrook-Church, and he overtook me again almost by Bow-Church: he had a silver tankard in his hand, said I, you had not this tankard when I was with you, how did you come by it? said he, I bought it of the two men, and had paid part of the money, and was going home to bring them the rest; this was about 3 or 4 o'clock in the afternoon.
Q. How long is this ago?
Thompson. Not above 6 or 7 weeks ago.
Q. What day of the week?
Thompson. It was on a Thursday.
Guilty . Death .
As the Prisoner was in Newgate at the time the woman swore too, she was committed there for perjury.
John Stevens , was indicted, for stealing one china bowl, val. 2 s. the goods of Charles Smith .
Dec. 29 .
Paul Gorman came to England in captain Hardy's ship. The Prisoner John More was taken by a watchman with the case of corral wrapt up in the captain's great coat, as he was going from the ship towards Ratcliff-Lane, between 12 and 1 that night. There was no evidence against Gorman, but what the other Prisoner said.
Gorman Acquitted .
More, Guilty .
38. Robert Wood , was indicted, for that he, on the 15th of June , about one o'clock in the night of the same day, the dwelling-house of John Campbel , did break and enter, and stealing from thence 3 silver tankards, val. 20 l. one pint mug, one soop spoon, one soop ladle, and 9 table spoons, val. 4 l. 7 guineas, and 12 l. 13 s. in money , the goods of the said John Campbel .
John Campbel . I am a victualler , I live at the Highlander by Wapping-Dock . I lost these things mentioned in the indictment the 15th of June. The watchman called me out of my bed, saying my door was open, I found it so, and the sash up, the bar door open, and the bar broke; I shut the window shutters about 10 o'clock the night before, and made all fast; these things were taken out of the bar, I saw them at the time I shut up the house to go to bed. I went to Goldsmith's-Hall, and got papers sent round in the trade, and also had the goods advertised; the Prisoner was taken up and carry'd before Sir Samuel Gore , where he confessed every thing, telling how he took them, that he handed down 2 tankards with a string from the dining-room window, and that he carry'd another tankard and a soop spoon out at the door, and gave most of the silver to the watchman, and the watchman desired him to make the best of his way off.
Edmund Cheseldon . I was charged by the constable to aid and assist with the Prisoner. About five weeks ago, we took him before Sir Samuel Gore , and heard him confess as before mentioned, and that he let down these two tankards to a Moses, a Jew.
Guilty, of Felony only .
John Cockburne . I lost a silver quart mug to the best of my knowledge, Feb. 20. and I was sent for when the Prisoner was before Sir Samuel Gore , and there I heard the Prisoner confess stealing of it out of my house.
Guilty of stealing, but not out of the dwelling-house .
39. Sarah, wife to Richard Arnold , was indicted for stealing one linnen shirt , val. 6 d. the goods of John Wright . One linnen shirt, val. 6 d. the goods of Benjamin Justice . One linnen shirt, val. 6 d. the goods of Edward Williams , Nov. 28 .
Guilty, 10 d
Guilty, 10 d
William Burckett . I live in the Strand near Exeter-Change ; I am a hair merchant . Finding I had been robb'd, I look'd over my books, and I missed the very quantity the woman brought to sell to Mr. Clark; there were 2 ounces of flaxen hair all but a dram. I missed some brown hairs, but I will not swear to the brown hairs in the parcel brought, tho' I verily believe it to be mine. I was robb'd the 31st of Oct. and I saw it again at Mr. Clark's shop that very day sevennight after.
Q. to Mr. Clark. Where is this hair?
Clark. Here it is, my lord.
Q. to Burckett. Pick out of these hairs what you can swear to ?
Burcket took up the flaxen. This is all I take upon me to swear too, there is two ounces all but a dram of it.
Q. Look upon the remainder of the hair?
Burckett. I believe it all to be mine; but I will not take upon me to swear to it.
Q. How do you know this to be that hair you seem to be so positive about?
Q. Does no body wear flaxen but he?
Burcket. Yes, Sir, many; but I did it to oblige him as a particular customary, for there is more got by improving it then by reducing it.
Q. Was never such a thing done before?
Burcket. I don't think it ever was.
Q. Do you think you are the only man in the world, that has so ardent a desire to oblige a customer ?
Burcket. It being for a particular customer, I did not care if I did not get so much by it, so that I might oblige him; it is to every man's interest to oblige his customers.
Q. What colour was it before?
Burcket. A yellow grey, and it is made worse by that change.
Q. Have you no other reason to know it then by the altering the colour?
Burcket. I know it by the quantity, besides the colour.
Q. Why do you think these hairs singular from all others?
Burcket. I believe there are no hairs of that colour so good besides these.
Q. When did you see it first after it was lost?
Burcket. The 7th of Nov.
Q. Is it not possible to make hairs so much alike, that you cannot tell the one from the other ?
Burcket. I believe I could tell the difference.
Q. Where did you apprehend the Prisoner?
Burcket. At a public house in the Strand, with in about a hundred yards off where I live?
Q. Did the people who apprehended him search him?
Burcket. Yes, and they found nothing upon him but the hairs he had bought.
Q. How much had he bought?
Burcket. Three quarters of an ounce.
Q. Has he ever bought hairs of you before?
Burcket. Yes, Sir, several times small quantities; but here is a person in court who has bought 40 or 50 pounds worth of the Prisoner; how he came by it I know not. I have missed hairs divers times, and have great reason to suspect him before this.
Q. Did you never sell such hairs to any person as these you take upon you to swear to?
Burcket. Yes, I have sold some to a person that is gone into Shropshire.
Q. How do you know but these very hairs are the same you sold to that person ?
Burcket. I believe they are not, the man it a stranger in London, and comes up to town, may be once in 7 years.
Q. Then these hairs that lie there, may be the very same hairs you sold the person, that is gone down in Shropshire, for ought you know?
Burcket. I do not believe they be.
Q. Do you know one Freeman a Barber?
Burcket. I do, he was there at the public house.
Q. Do you remember any talk on this sort, that if you did not prosecute Wood, he would put such a paragraph in the news-paper, that should ruin you in your business.
Burcket. He said, I ought to prosecute the Prisoner, else I ought to be exposed, or something to that purpose.
Q. Is not this prosecution carried on at the expence of the parish of St. Clements-Danes ?
Burcket. It is not, Sir.
Q. Are you sure this flaxen hair was yours?
Burcket. I missed such a quantity, and have swore to that.
Q. What did she say to you when she brought it to your shop?
Clark. Mr. Burcket was there, and he said, it was his hair, and said, she must give an account how she came by it, she seemed frightened.
Q. Which is he ?
Buck. He stands there in the bar.
Q. Did you see him lay it there?
Buck. No, I did not, there had been no person in the cellar. but he, and there was no hair in the place before he came, and I found it in about a quarter of an hour after he was gone.
Q. What time was he there ?
Buck. Between 6 and 7 o'clock.
Q. Did you ever see the Prisoner before?
Buck. No, not to my knowledge.
Q. What did he come to your cellar for?
Buck. I served him with two-penny worth of oysters.
Q. How was it done up?
Burck. It was wrapp'd up in a paper, and laid in the window, just at the door of the cellar.
Thomas Johnson . I have known the Prisoner 3 or 4 months; he came to my brother's, the Prosecutor's house, the 31st of Oct. We had reason to suspect we had been robb'd by the Prisoner, so we agreed to watch him; he came to our house, and we show'd him several drawers of hairs, he bought 3 quarters of an ounce of brown hairs; he was going away, and return'd again, and desired to see the flaxen drawer, I gave him all the opportunity I could, as there were two people set to observe him, in the little room at the end of the counter; the drawer was set upon the counter. A man from the other side of the water had told me, he had seen such quantities of hairs by him, that he thought he could not come honestly by.
Q. Have you no prejudices against him?
Johnson. No, Sir, I have not.
Thomas Commings. On the 31st of Oct. the Prisoner came to my master's shop to buy hairs, and as we had reason to suspect him, I went into a little room, from whence I might watch him; I saw him steal from different drawers twice; then Mr. Duff came into the room to me; after that, both he and I saw him steal several quantities from different drawers, particularly out of the flaxen drawer; he lean'd upon the counter, the drawer stood on it; he took up the locks of hair, and drew them thro' his fingers, and slid them into his pocket; at last, there came in a little child with its aunt, in which he used seemingly to take delight, and used to give it apples, &c. He took up two degrees of the flaxen hairs, and stoop'd to the child, crying, Dilley, Dilley, Dilley, to it, shaking it in the child's face, then artfully gather'd it up in his palm of his hand, putting his thumb over it, and so slid it into his pocket. Mr. Duff and I, both observ'd it distinctly; I saw Mrs. Bristol in the shop, and am sure she was in such a place she might see him take the hair.
Q. What is that flaxen hairs worth per oz?
Commings. They are sold for 8 s. per oz.
Q. How many times did you see him take hairs ?
Commings. I believe I saw him steal that day, 5 times; and when we examin'd him, there were Mr. Freeman, Mr. Burcket, and I, when the Prisoner confessed he stole 2 degrees of hairs, and he said, he had thrown them down the stairs backwards.
John Duff I was at Mr. Burcket's this night. He went on, and confirm'd what was said by the last witness, as to what they saw Wood the Prisoner steal; while they were sitting together in the little room, and also added, that he heard the Prisoner acknowledge at the alehouse, that if Mr. Burcket would forgive him, he would give him a guinea for every lock he had taken, and said to the best of his knowledge, the Prisoner owned to the stealing 5 locks, and in his cross examination, strengthened the foregoing, without any contradiction, saying, he came out of the little room with an intent to search him, but Mr. Rawlison coming in, he went to the alehouse, and went out from thence with an intent to fetch a constable, but found when he returned, the Prisoner had slipp'd out, as he thought he had some mistrust, and put the hair away.
Mrs. Bristow. Mr. Burcket's wife is my sister, I was at his house at this time, drinking a dish of tea; as my brother could not come into the back room. I carried him a dish of tea into the shop; the Prisoner was then looking on the brown hairs, handling it, and turning it round his fingers; I look'd earnestly at him, and saw him clinch his hand, and put his thumb over it, and put it into his pocket; I carried my brother another dish, and then he had a lock of flaxen hairs in his hand, and I saw him do the same to that. I went back to my sister, and said, he is robbing you now. I knew of Mr. Commings and Mr. Duff seeing then to watch him.
Joseph Rawlinson . I had seen the Prisoner at times to have such quantities of hairs, that I thought he could not come honestly by, and knowing him some time, to have bought small quantities of the prosecutor, who had often times lost hairs; I told him of it, and on the 31st of Oct. I saw Mr. Wood in this shop; I had sent word I would come that night; I asked him, where Mr. Burcket was? he said, at the Cole-Hole : I asked Mr. Wood, if he would go and drink with me, and Mr. Commings; I knew nothing that they had been watching him there; when we were got into the alehouse, Mr. Commings went out, and presently the Prisoner went out too, and was absent near half an hour.
Richard Freeman . I was at the Cole-Hole; I saw the Prisoner after he came back, at this time I was drinking a tankard of beer with Mr Burcket, with others, in company; in came Mr. Duff, and said, Wood is coming; they had caught him in stealing goods; before I came to them, Wood was slipp'd away, when he return'd
Q. What is this flaxen hair worth per oz.
Freeman. It is worth 8 or 9 s. per oz. I went with them to justice Fieldings; the Prisoner desired me to speak in his behalf to Mr. Burcket; said I, what can I say; said I to Mr. Burcket, I shall think you as great a villain as Wood, if you don't prosecute him, you'll both rob yourself and the world, if you neglect it.
The Prisoner in his defence, acknowledg'd he was at the Prosecutor's, but denied he stole any hairs; and that at the alehouse, he went out to do his occasions, and when Commings return'd, and taxed him about it, he never confessed, as the witnesses had deposed. He called four people to his character.
John Serby . I have known the Prisoner ten years, and have been acquainted with him at his brother Peter Wood 's house, at the Star in the Strand; I don't think he would be guilty of such a crime as is laid to his charge.
Guilty, 4 s 10 d.
Guilty, 10 d.
Nov. 13 .
45. James Mullings , was indicted, for that he on the 3d of Dec. about the hour of 2 in the night, on the same day, the dwelling-house of Edward Spencer did enter, taking 1 copper saucepan, val. 1 s. 1 pewter plate, val. 6 d. the goods of the said Edward Spencer .
Guilty of Felony only .
Manallaster, Guilty .
Thompson, Acquitted .
Both Guilty .
Both Acquitted .
Thomas Prentice and Co. October 23 . The Prosecutor not appearing, he was Acquitted .
59. Elizabeth Goodsense , Spinster, was indicted for stealing one linnen shirt, val. 1 s. one linnen sheet, val. 2 s. two blankets, val. 4 s. and other things , October 15 , the goods of Oliver Jacob .
The Prosecutor not appearing she was Acquitted .
All three Guilty, of Felony only .
63. William Davis , and Edward Shorer , was a second time indicted for that they on the 4th of November, on the king's highway, on the the Person of John Bruce did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear, and danger of his life, and taking from him one hat, val. 12 s. one peruke, val. 9 s. one yard of black ribbon, val. 6 d. and one walking cane , December 4 .
John Bruce . Those two men and one Cragoe robbed me, as I was coming down Fenchurch Street; one of them said, who are you Sir, I said I walk by myself, and dont want to speak to no body; Cragoe then knock a me two times, and after that, I knock a Cragoe down, and knock a Shorer down, then Davis knock a me down; they all ran away together; I run after them, and got this cane again from Cragoe, and took Cragoe; but Shorer and Davis ran away with my wig and my hat.
Court, You must tell the truth.
Bruce. I am sure this is true, my Lord.
Q. Where do you live?
Bruce. I am Mr. Gardener's Servant in Prince's Street. [The Prosecutor is a black, and speaks very broken English ]
Thomas Cragoe . I was one of the three Persons who robbed the Black; William Davis , and I, was coming together from Rag-Fair; and met with Edward Shorer by Aldgate; the fourth of December at night; I have been acquainted with Davis, about six weeks, but I never was concerned with Shorer before, Davis has an Image done with gun powder on his breast. (it was showed in court.) Davis and Shorer were acquainted before. We all went together to see what we could get on the sneak, that is to take things out of Shops, and the like; going along Fenchurch-street, the Black was before us; William Davis and I put our hands into his pockets, he turned about, and ask'd us what we wanted, we bid him go along about his Business, he went on; we went up to him, and he crost the way; and we cross'd too; he turn'd about, and ask'd us what we waned, he held his stick up to strike me; I took hold of it; he then took hold round my neck, and bit me over my eye; I cried out, and Edward Shorer came and took the cane out of his hand, and hit him over the head; the Black went to Shorer, and took his cane again out of his hand; then the black took his knife out of his pocket: in the mean time Davis and Shorer ran away; but I was taken and carried to the Compter: I did not see either of them take his hat or wig, only as the black said he had lost them.
Q. Did Shorer know your intention in going a robbing, before, this affair?
Cragoe. Yes my Lord, he knew we had stole a hat before for, we had told him of it; and when we met with him, he agreed to go on this business.
Both guilty , Death .
The Prisoner picked the handkerchief out of the Prosecutor's pocket, coming throw Algate; and was taken immediately with it upon him.
65. Sarah Tyers , was indicted for stealing one black sattin petticoat , val 3 s. two linnen table cloths, two aprons, five pair of ruffles, and and other things , the goods of James Grant , Oct. 26 .
Ann Plastow , widow, Oct. 9 .
Guilty 10 d.
Robert Turner . On the 17th October in the evening, coming down Cheapside ; I felt a pull at my pocket; I turned about, and put my hand in my pocket, I felt my handkerchief; Hutton was at my elbow, the other was two yards behind me; I suspected them both by their countenances, I did not take any notice of it; then the tall fellow Hutton walked by me, the other kept behind, Hutton went over the way, the other followed him at some distance; after they were gone, I went cross the way behind the coaches, and saw them join company, they went down the Poultery, I followed them: they turned down by the mansion house, and up Bucklers Bury, and from thence into Cheapside again, I followed them, and observed them to converse together as they walked. In Cheapside I called a man to my assistance, and I took hold of one, and he the other: we carried them into the Magpye and Horshoe; we sent for a constable, who is since dead; they were searched, and about 7 or 8 handkerchiefs were found upon Smith, mine being one of them.
Hutton called his father and two other men, who spoke well as to his character
He was Acquitted .
Smith Guilty .
73. 74. Pearson Overton , and William Evans , were indicted for stealing one copper pottage pot, val. 6 s. one brass pot, val. 4 s one copper tea kettle, and other things , the goods of Elizabeth Turpin , Spinster, Sept. 5 .
Evans, Guilty .
75, 76, 77, 78. Thomas Palmer , James Monday , Thomas Austine , and John Shorey , were indicted for being assembled together, with divers other Persons to the number of thirty or more, armed with fire arms, and other offensive weapons, assisting in landing and running of goods liable to pay Custom , April 16, 1745 .
The evidence were William Stackerer , Edward Ancrane , Edward Arbrow , and John Raise , this last evidence was so exact as to swear to a particular combine which was Palmer's and carried by Monday with the following lines engraved on it,
All you Rogues that keep me from this nation,
This Carbine shall be your damnation.
But this fact being committed before the all took place which made it death.
Palmer, and Monday, Guilty , Transportation
Austin, and Shorer, Acquitted .
79. Nicholas Fagan , was indicted for that he being a disorderly person, and of a wicked disposition, not regarding the laws and statutes of this realm, or the Pains and Penalties therein contained, did on the 16th of Oct . in the dwelling house of Robert Wright , Esq ; with a pistol loaded with gunpowder and lead, did shoot at the said Robert, with intent the said Robert to kill and murder .
Robert Wright . I live in Rathbourn Place, Soho-square . On the 16th of October last, I came home about eight o'clock in the evening, and Mr. Clitron came to sup with me; a little after I had been in, I heard two knocks at my door, and as I expected one Robert Nelson to come to supper, said I, that is certainly Bob's knock, I will open the door myself; I had my night gown, cap, and slippers on; as soon as I had opened the door to him, I said, he could finest when supper is ready, as soon as that was said, the Prisoner at the bar rushed in upon me, and struck me with a butcher's steel, on that I seized the steel and took it from him, then others rushed in; I can sware to upwards of three, there was one of them a lasty fellow that beat me prodigiously; so that I was obliged to let the Prisoner go, and the other and I fell down with our heads against the street-door; as soon as I was down, I called out to Mr. Clifton, to desire him to bring me any pistols, telling him that they lay on a marble slab in the parlour, Mr. Clifton had then I believe got into the entry; hearing this noise in an instant, before I could disongage myself
Q. Pray what were the reason of their coming into your house ?
Wright. I have my Wives brother at my house who is a lunatick; the Prisoner told me that very night, at the black horse, he was hired to arrest my brother, and take him away at all events, whom he called the madmen, or else to murder me, and that he was to have three guineas, and Phillips 40, for doing it; of my wife. I was then taking out a commission of lunacy against my brother in law.
Q. Who was sitting with you in the parlour ?
Q. Had you not been to Clifford's Inn, to know if there was an Action out against your brother-in-law ?
Wright. No Sir.
Q. Did not you make use of such an expression as this my dear, now fire: to somebody.
Wright. I did not. They were my pistols that were fired.
Q. How could the prisoner get at these pistols in the parlour ?
Wright. I was on the ground, and it is impossible to say how he got them, the door was open; when I was getting up my face was towards the Prisoner.
Q. Did Mr. Clifton and Mrs. Wright come out to your assistance ?
Wright. I never saw her. Mr. Cliffton came out and was knock'd down instantly.
Q. How long has this your wife's brother been with you ?
Wright. About 5 months.
Q. Was there not a particular stratagem use d to get him to your house?
Wright. No, not at all. I went down to Mr. Brown's house with a cheese, and took him back with me.
Q. Did this Mrs. Wright fire a pistol?
Wright. I verily believe not; the first pistol was fired when Mr. Cliffton was in the fray, the other after he was knock'd down; the Prisoner was standing up when I was shot at.
Q. Did you see him shoot?
Wright. Yes, as plain as I now see your lordship.
Q. How high did the balls go into the door?
Wright. About five foot and a half
Q. Did not the gentleman come to the parlour door, and present a pistol to the Prisoner?
Wright. I never saw such a thing, the pistols are here in court, one is loaded and the other is not.
Prisoner. There was no light at all, the candles were blown out.
Wright. When I went out of the parlour, there were two candles standing on the table, and a large fire of wood and coals together.
William Cliffton . I was in Mr. Wright's parlour when some body knock'd at the door, and he went himself to the door and opened it; then came in Mr. Nelson, and I heard a great bustle in the passage. I took the candle and went in a hurry to see what it was, I found three or four people, I cannot say how many; and Mr. Nelson standing with his back against she parlour door, and Mr. Wright down, I had no weapon at all, I took hold of one that was upon Mr. Wright and pull'd him off, and immediately I receiv'd a blow on my shoulder, and another on my breast, and I fell; the instant that I fell, a pistol went off, there was not a second between; as I fell, I saw the firing from the street door way: the passage is about two yards long before you come to the parlour door, which turns in on the left-hand side, I fell close by the parlour door, and these people were in the passage betwixt the street door and the parlour door; the parlour door stood a jarr, and the ball made a hole in the parlour door which opens inwards: I arose and slept into the parlour, I found the boy there, I bid him open the study door and get out at the window and alarm the neighbours, I went out to another house and cry'd murder.
Q. Was the street door open in the time of this fray ?
Cliffton. I think it was half open.
Q. Did you leave Mrs. Wright in the parlour?
Cliffton. Yes, I did sir.
Q. Where was you when Mr. Wright call'd for his pistols.
Q. Which way was your face when the pistol went off?
Cliffton. Towards the street-door, Sir.
Q. Did you hear two pistols go off?
Cliffton. I heard but one, Sir.
Q. Did you hear any body say, my dear, fire?
Cliffton. No, Sir.
Q. Will you take upon you to say, a pistol was not let off in the parlour?
Cliffton. The pistol was fired from towards the street-door, the parlour door was half open, it open'd inwards.
Q. Was the candle alight in the parlour?
Cliffton. When I returned, the light was out.
Q. Who fetched those pistols out of the parlour?
Cliffton. I cannot tell.
Q. Did you see the Prisoner, or any of his company in the parlour?
Cliffton. No, I did not, Sir.
Q. What is the distance betwixt the marble slab and the parlour door?
Cliffton. I believe betwixt 3 and 4 yards.
Q. Are there any marks in the street-door with the pieces of bullets ?
Cliffton. There are many marks with an iron crow in it.
Prisoner's Defence. I was an assistant belonging to the Marshalsea-Court; I went along with Mr. Phillips an officer, to arrest Mr. Price; we watch'd an opportunity of seeing the door open; there came a gentleman to the door and knock'd, thinks I, this is the best opportunity we can have; imagined he was in the parlour, so we thought proper to make a push in after the gentleman; Mr. Wright's foot-boy shutting the door, we push'd before he could shut it too; the boy cry'd out, I saw Mr. Wright coming from out of the parlour, said I, I have got a writ against Mr. Price, and we are come to serve it: the next person I saw was the young gentlewoman, with a pistol in her hand, standing half-way out of the parlour door; it was levelled at me, she was within a yard and half of me; I defended myself, and took hold of the pistol, and in the struggle betwixt her and me, the pistol went off, I held it so that it should do no damage; then I received a blow on my arm, then the candles were blow'd out, I did not then know it was Mr. Wright I had hold on, but he and I had a tumble in the passage; he had another pistol with him, that did not go off, so the other man, Mr. Phillip's assistant, whose name is Douglass, who had the writ; he made his escape, and Mr. Wright and the other gentleman secured me in the passage, and cry'd out fire, the mob came and surrounded me; I had a hanger by my side belonging to Mr. Phillips, with a butcher's steel tied to my apron-string; I had been to arrest a gentleman that day, so I disguised myself as a butcher. Mr. Wright did not come to the outward door at all at that time; I had the two pistols in my hand, and would not deliver them till I found myself safe; there was but one pistol fir'd.
He was a 2d time indicted for stealing these 2 pistols, valued at 3 s .
The Court granted a copy of the indictment to the Prisoner against Mr. Wright.
80. Richard Mould , was indicted for an offence of the same nature, for shooting at William Cliffton , with intent the said William to kill and murder, in the dwelling-house of Robert Wright , Oct. 16 .
Mr. Cliffton said, he was not the Prosecutor, and could not say he knew the Prisoner's face, and desired to be excused having my hand in it.
Mr. Wright said, he knew as little of the affair as Mr. Cliffton. Neither of them were swore upon this.
The Prisoner was acquitted , and had a copy of his indictment granted against Mr. Wright.
81. James Reynolds , was indicted for breaking and entering the dwelling-house of Frederick Slegal , Esq ; and stealing from thence, one blue cloth coat, val. 3 l. one scarlet cloth waistcoat laced, val. 3 l. and other things , the goods of the said Frederick Slegal , Esq; Apr. 4 .
82. , was indicted for breaking and entering the dwelling-house of James Hawkins , and stealing from thence, 30 doz. of worsted stockings, val. 15 l. and a piece of hays, value 20 s. the goods of the said James Hawkins, Nov. 25 .
Guilty, 10 d .
Thomas Ratcliff , was indicted for assaulting Thomas Clemont , in his dwelling-house, takking from him one worsted cap an one silk handkerchief .
88. Joseph Day , was indicted for that he in a certain field, near the king's highway, on Richard Blew , did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, four-pence halfpenny from his person did steal and take, and carry away , Octo 8 .
The prosecutor not appearing, acquitted .
The indictment being laid wrong, both Acquitted .
Guilty 39 s ,
Guilty 10 d.
Nov. 5 . both Acq .
Both Guilty .
98. 99 Brian Ryley , and Francis Farrel , were indicted for entring the dwelling house of Felix Ryley , and stealing from thence goods and money to a considerable value , the property of the said Felix, Nov. 15 .
Farrel guilty of 39 s.
Ryly, Acquitted .
Guilty 4 s. 10
The Trials being ended, the Court proceeded to give Judgment as follows,
Received sentence of death 9.
Transportation for 14 years, 1.
Transportation for 7 years, 50.
Thomas Best , James Ward , George Cammel , John Stevens , Joseph Parker , Sarah Tyers , Jeremiah Swift , William Smith , Edward Hancock , John Dann , Joseph Conterella , Richard Trimnel , Susannah Parker , Elizabeth Clow , Thomas Merryman , Benjamin Mc . Mabone otherwise Clark, William Medull , Richard Commings , William Evans , John Rickets , Christian Graunt , John Hackey , James Lane, Mary Murphey , Benjamin Diskson , Edward Lawroy , Mary Macdaniel , Edward Smith , John More , Robert Wood , Sarah Arnold , William Lawrence , James Wood , John Blackstone , James Mullings , Charles Smith , John Gold , Edward Monallaster , Patrick Burne , Thomas Curtis , James Bastons , Elizabeth Jones , Samuel Tunbridge , William Tunbridge , William Hannah , Thomas Pabmar , James Monday , Francis Farrel , John Hust , Robert Simkinson , Elizabeth Swan .