HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL in the OLD-BAILEY,
On Wednesday the 6th, Thursday the 7th, Friday the 8th, Saturday the 9th, Monday the 11th, Tuesday the 12th, Wednesday the 13th, and Thursday the 14th of September.
In the 23d Year of His MAJESTY's Reign.
BEING THE Seventh SESSIONS in the MAYORALTY of the
Printed, and sold by M. COOPER, at the Globe in Pater-noster Row. 1749.
N. B. The Public may be assured, that (during the Mayoralty of the Right Honourable Sir WILLIAM CALVERT , Lord Mayor of this City) the Sessions-Book will be constantly sold for Four-pence, and no more, and that the whole Account of every Sessions be carefully compriz'd in One such Four-penny Book, without any farther Burthen on the Purchasers .
King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery held for the City of London, &c.
BEFORE the Right Honourable Sir WILLIAM CALVERT Knt. Lord Mayor of the City of London, the Right Honourable the Lord Chief Justice WILLS, the Honourable Mr. Baron LEGG , and RICHARD ADAMS , Esq; Recorder, and others of His Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer for the City of London, and Justices of Gaol-Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City, and County of Middlesex.
475, 476, 477. Mary Stanly , Mary Anthony , and Mary Batty , spinsters, were indicted, for that they, in a certain field and open place near the king's highway, upon Elizabeth Coxon , spinster, did make an assault , putting her in bodily fear and danger of her life, and taking from her one holland handkerchief , val. 12 d. one Leghorn hat, val. 12 d. one silk ribbon, val. 1 s. 6 d. did steal, take and carry away , August 19 .
All acquitted .
479. James Walock was indicted, for that he, in a certain field and open place near the king's highway, upon Abraham Lawrance did make an assault, putting him in bodily fear and danger of his life, with an offensive weapon called a tinder-box, in the form of a pistol, which he held in his right hand, with an intent the monies of the said Abraham to steal, take and carry away , August 5 .
Abraham Lawrence . As I was going through a stile in Stepney fields , August 5, the prisoner at the bar called out, You Quaker, stand; I said, Stand, you dog, for what? He took out a pistol as I thought , and held it to me, covering the place where the barrel should have been with his left hand, and said he would shoot me through the body. Hold your tongue, you dog, said I. Hush, hush, said he, or I'll shoot you immediately. I shifted about and parlied with my stick, that he should not have a mark at me. I saw Mr. Paterson, and called out to him for assistance. He came running , and the prisoner run away; I followed him , and he could not get through the posts quick enough. So he turned about and swore he would shoot me through the body if I pursued him; I advanced upon him and gave him a great blow with my stick on his left hand , which he covered the supposed barrel of his tinder-box with; he then got over the bank and run.
William Paterson , Joseph Ashby , Alexander Macoliston , and John Hindon , all proved the pursuing and taking him. The pistol timber-box was shewed in court .
480, 481, 482. John Willson , Bosavern Pen Lez , and Benjamin Launder , were indicted, for that they, together with divers other persons, to the number of forty and upwards, being feloniously and riotously assembled, to the disturbance of the public peace, did begin to demolish the dwelling-house of Peter Wood , against the form of the statute in that case made and provided, July the 3d .
Peter Wood . I live at the star in the Strand ; I saw these prisoners at the bar at my house, in the night betwixt the 2d and 3d of July; they came betwixt 12 and 1 o'clock; there were I believe about 400 of them; they came ringing a bell, and calling out, the host, the host; the watchman came running over the way, and said, Mr. Wood, they are coming, they are coming. About fifty of them pass'd by the door; I was in great hopes they would have gone by; I made them a bow and said good night, till such time as the bell came opposite my door; then they that were past my door wheel'd about and fell back towards George's coffee-house door, then they all surrounded the whole place ; the first stroke that was given, was at the lamp at my door . I advanced from the door directly and begg'd for mercy; saying, Gentlemen, if I have done any thing wrong, take me to the watch-house or any place of safety; then they all fell to breaking my windows; upon that I fell upon my knees, &c. they broke the shutters, sashes and the glass of my windows: said I, I'll give you 10 l. nay 20 l. if you will desist; with that they seem'd to stop a little: somebody amongst them called out here is 10 l. here is 20 l. offered; but upon this there was a grave gentleman came jumping from over the way.
Q. Do you know that man?
Wood . His name is Wrench*.
* The gentleman, whose Bill was found ignoramus at Hicks's-Hall
Q. Is he a man of credit and reputation?
Wood. He is. He said, my boys haul away, never mind it; upon that they said they would not stop; when they had laid all open, they then went into the parlour, they came in at the window.
Q. How many of them do you think came in?
Wood. Eight or ten of them; there were two of the prisoners , Willson and Pen Lez among them; they fell to breaking between the passage and the parlour. I saw the two prisoners break the partition with their sticks, and pulled the pieces out with their hands. All the furniture in the parlour was destroyed; they threw all into the street .
Q. Where was Launder at this time?
Wood. He was in the passage assisting to break the partition, this was the first of my seeing him. They broke down my bar, standing between the fore-parlour and the back-parlour.
Q. Did any of the prisoners break down that ?
Wood . Launder broke the window of it. with his stick; I was knock'd down with a stick on the stairs, and there I lay. Some of them call'd out , and said the man is kill'd; I hearing that thought I would lie a little longer, thinking by that to raise their compassion; then they went into the back-parlour; I cannot immediately say what they did there; then they went up stairs, I was on the stairs; Pen Lez and Willson said, You dog, are you not dead yet? They cried, all up, all up, all up; then I kneel'd down on my knees, kissed their hands and begged for mercy.
Q. Did you see Launder there?
Wood. No, I did not then, he was in the passage below.
Q. Where were your family and you at this time?
Wood . All down in the kitchen, excepting my wife; then came the guard with a drum beating, then they all took to slight; they without rang the bell and cried out, the guards, the guards ; so they went all away that could directly. Launder was taken up stairs.
Q. In what condition did you find the upper part of the house?
Wood. I went up immediately, and in the dining room, which had before in it a bed, pictures, chairs, a mahogany table and other furniture; every thing was gone out of the room except a little marble slab, which I had put in a corner of the room; the windows were all torn to pieces, the frames all pulled down; they had not meddled with any of the back part .
Cross examined .
Q. How many do you say walked by your door at first?
Wood . About fifty .
Q. Can you be positive that any of these prisoners were with them at the ringing of the bell?
Wood. Yes, Sir.
Q. Where was you at that time ?
Council for Launder.
Q. Was Launder one of them at their first coming up?
Wood . I did not see him then.
Q. Did you see him any time before the guards came ?
Wood . Yes, I saw him in the passage .
Q. How long before the guards came?
Wood . About half an hour before.
Q. After the guards came did not the tumult cease?
Wood . Then they all endeavoured to make their escape.
Council for Willson.
Q. As to Willson, can you mark any particular thing that he did?
Wood . Yes, he broke the shutters , and after the place was laid open, I saw him come into the parlour.
Q. Did any others besides him break the shutters?
Wood. Yes, many .
Q. How come you to be so positive of the prisoners among so many?
Wood . Upon my kissing their hands.
Q. Did you kiss the hands of all three?
Wood . No, Sir.
Q. Did not you kiss the hands of others , as well as Willson and Pen Lez ?
Wood . No, Sir, I did not.
Q. How long have you lived in this house?
Wood . Six years, I rent it.
Q. Do you pay the scavenger and the taxes?
Wood . I do not pay the scavenger.
Q. Who pays that?
Wood. Mr . Thompson does.
Q. Is Thompson the tenant of this house or you ?
Wood . I am, Sir.
Q. Why does Thompson pay the scavengers rates?
Wood . It is a reason that I have.
Q. Please to give that reason to the court.
Wood . I pay 30 l. a year to George -
Q. Pray answer my question , why does he that is neither tenant or landlord pay the scavengers rates?
Wood. The reason of it is upon the account of what some people say, it is a disorderly house; he never paid it, although it was put in his name.
Q. What other rates does Thompson pay besides the scavenger ?
Wood. I cannot tell .
Q. What rates do you pay?
Wood. I believe there are some rates I do pay?
Q. Recollect them.
Wood. I pay the land-tax and the doctor's dues; I had some thoughts of letting Thompson have the house about half a year ago.
Q. Did you lett the house?
Wood . No, Sir.
Q. Who did the scavenger receive the rates of?
Wood . I believe of me.
Q. In whose name did you take the receipts?
Wood . In Thompson's name, Sir.
Q. Did you never say it was not your house but Thompson's?
Wood . I said I was going to lett my house to Thompson.
Court . That is not an answer .
Wood. I do not remember I did.
Q. Pray don't Thompson pay the duty of excise as the owner of the house?
Wood. The licence is in Thompson's name.
Q. Was it in his name at this time ?
Wood. It is renewed.
Q. In whose name was the licence at this time ?
Wood. I had then no licence, there was an information given against Thompson and me for retailing liquors, and I was obliged to pay twenty pound.
Q. Does Thompson live in this house?
Wood. He never did .
Q. Had he no share in the profit arising from the sale of the liquors ?
Wood . No, Sir, he has not.
Q. How could you distinguish Pen Lez, when you say you was knock'd down upon the stairs?
Wood . I was upon my legs when I saw him, there was nobody betwixt me and him, and I had hold of him by the hand two or three times, begging of him to desist; they cried out, they would destroy all the bawdy-houses in general. I believe he was a little in liquor.
Q. Did you see him before the guards came?
Wood . Yes, I did, Sir, I saw him at the begining of the riot at the outside.
Q. What is this Thompson?
Wood. He is a peruke-maker and lives in Gray's-inn-lane, he has work'd for me many years.
Q. Did he ever live in your house?
Wood. No, Sir, he never did.
Q. Has not he part of the profits of your business in that house?
Wood . No, Sir, I have all the profits of my trade , and I pay all the rent with my own money.
Q. How many were there of them?
J. Wood. I believe there were about eight of them; I hung about their necks and begged of them to desist, and for that they threatened to murder me; they pulled so much as my cap off; I saw Willson and Pen Lez at different times; sometimes in one place , sometimes in another, breaking and destroying the things. I offered them 10 or 20 guineas, and begged they would take it; they seemed at first to be a little appeased ; there was one Irishman seemed to be inclined to hear it, but there was an elderly man came from over the way and said, pull away, my boys, take no money, down with the bawdy-houses , down with the bawdy-houses; then they cried out where are your whores; then they went into the bar and broke all the china, then into the back-parlour; there was a buroe and glass case, about 50 l. in money and a watch, they tore all to pieces and took all the money, and cried hurry, hurry down with it, my boys; the prisoner Lander I saw knocking at the clock with an oaken stick or great cane, then I got upon the stairs and went to put a handkerchief about my head, they took that from me, and shoved me about like any thing; they put their hands all over me, then they cried all up; then they went all up; I went up stairs to see for my husband , they were beating him on the stairs; Lander knocked me down, and I was beaten almost to a jelly; they broke a great sconce glass; they asked me, where is your money, we dare not whisper?
Q. How much might all the damage amount to together ?
J. Wood . I believe 300 l. will not make us amends .
Cross examined .
Q. What time did you see Lander in the house, was it before the soldiers came?
J. Wood. Yes, a good while, every thing was demolished before the soldiers came.
Q. Did you know Willson before this happened?
J. Wood. I did not, Sir.
Q. How came you to know him since?
J. Wood. I held him by the face and stroaked him, and begged they would desist.
Q. Did you say Pen Lez broke your windows?
J. Wood. The windows were all open before he came in; I seeing the windows broken, opened the door and said , come all in. Pen Lez broke the clock with a stick, and the inside partition in the entry .
Q. What did Willson do?
J. Wood. He did the same .
Q. Did Pen Lez say, where is your money?
J. Wood. I cannot say who, it was said by somebody.
Q. Do you know one Mr. Nixon?
J. Wood. No, Sir, I do not, I have not been married above half a year.
Q. Do you remember the scavenger coming to demand the rate of Mr. Wood?
J. Wood. I do not.
Q. Do you remember saying, the rates were due from Mr. Thompson?
J. Wood. I never said that.
Q. Has Thompson ever lived in the house since you came there?
J. Wood. No, never, Sir, but as he has come sometimes to cut the ladies hair in the parlour.
Q. Could you see the prisoners to distinguish them when the lamp was broke.
J. Wood. We had, I believe, ten candles brought and lighted.
James Reeves . I was at this house the night the affair happened, I saw the whole action, and I know the three prisoners very well. I used to do work for Mr. Wood ; I saw the mob a coming, so I ran and told Mr. Wood before they got there: the first man that came to the door was Pen Lez, he came in at the door, then he came in at the window, and was the first man that struck at the clock. I saw him break the window-shutter . When he came into the fore-parlour he began to pay away at the things, the glasses, the pictures; beat down the bird-cages; the partition that parts the entry from the parlour; he was there the whole time; he was the first man that went up stairs; he was the greatest rascal amongst them all: I saw Mr. Wood lying on the stairs, and heard Pen Lez say to him, You dog, are you not dead yet? I saw Willson in the parlour just as the settee bed was going to be thrown out; I saw him help to lift the bed out. I saw nothing done above stairs.
Q. Was Lander there?
Reeves. I saw Lander there about a quarter of an hour before the guards came; I saw him strike Mr. Wood over the head, as his back was towards him. I saw him push one of the partition boards down in the passage. I did not see him in the parlour ; I lighted the man down stairs, that took him in the three pair of stairs room; he had got in there to hide himself. I saw Pen Lez at the very first when they came; I cannot say I saw Willson at the outside of the house at all; I saw Lander at the door.
Q. Did you say that Pen Lez was the first man that came in at the entry door?
Reeves . Yes, he was.
Q. Did you remain in the entry then?
Reeves . I was in the house then.
Q. Then how can you tell who it was that began breaking the windows ?
Reeves . We were first without, but found it was of no signification, so we came in.
Q. Where did you first see this assembly?
Reeves. Just beyond St. Clement's church.
Q. What time did you see Lander?
Reeves. I cannot say I saw him till about a quarter of an hour before the guards came, and that was in the entry, and never saw him do any farther mischief than with his shoulder.
Q. How long was Willson in the fore-parlour?
Reeves. He helped to lift out the bed; I saw him striking about ; he was there about a minute ; I was constantly with Mr. and Mrs. Wood.
Q. Did you see the lamp broken?
Reeves. Yes, Sir.
Q. What are you?
Reeves. I am a shoemaker, I live at Mr. Wood's , I am waiter or servant to him.
Q. How long have you been a servant to Mr. Wood?
Reeves. I was taken in from that time.
Q. Did you know either of the prisoners before ?
Reeves. I never saw any of them before I saw them there.
Q. How came you to suspect the people were coming to Mr. Wood's house?
Reeves. They came crying, Huzza, the star, the star .
Q. What had Pen Lez in his hand?
Reeves. He had a large stick, three foot and a half, or four foot long.
Q. to Mrs. Wood. What did Pen Lez break the clock with?
J. Wood. He had a short stick with which he struck it.
Q. How long was it do you think?
J. Wood. Not long enough to walk with.
John Nixon . I live opposite Mr. Wood, I collect the scavenger's rate. On April the fourth I applied to Mrs. Wood for the rate due; she told me, Mr. Wood had nothing to do with the house, and she would not pay to his name; then I open'd the book, and said, it is John Thompson here; then she paid me in Thompson's name; the sum was 7 s. 6 d.
Q. Do you believe Wood or his wife are persons to be believed upon their oaths?
Nixon. Upon my word, I think not ; for my part I would not hang a dog or a cat upon their evidence, they keep such a bad house and other things. They have threatened my life , and my neighbours are afraid to appear against him.
For Willson .
William Slege . I am a publican and live in Tooly street, and have known Willson many years; he is a journeyman shoemaker ; he dined with me the second of July, and staid with me till 3 o'clock in the afternoon; nothing of this kind was mentioned in my house: that day he came to me after divine service in the morning; I always reckoned him a sober, industrious man .
Mary Mealyon . I live at the sign of the bell in the Strand, my husband is ostler there; I have known John Willson about nine years; he served his apprenticeship where my father and mother lives; he came to see me the same evening, about nine o'clock, and acquainted me, he was going into the country; he went from my house alone about 11 o'clock at night, and said, he hoped to see me again next morning; I apprehended he was going to his lodgings in Black-friers; he never mentioned this riot to me: he was always reckon'd to be a very sober, honest man, and worked hard at his trade for a living .
Michael Kelly . I saw Lander about 9 o'clock that Day, sitting at a door in Bridges-street; he went in with me, and went up stairs, and staid there in company with many more till 12 o'clock, there were more company in the room with us. When we went away, he went into the back-room with a Gentleman that is here, then it was about 12 o'clock; how long they staid I know not: there was no mention made of this riot all that time.
Mary Kelly . Lander came into my house, at the Globe in Bridges-street, about 12 at night; he said he was going directly to his lodgings, Mr. Ball, Edward Ryon and Mr. Kelley, were all in company with him.
Edward Ryan . Lander was in company with us before mentioned , at the Globe in Bridges-street, between 12 and one o'clock that night ; he and I was coming down towards Charing cross, we met with the guards, and ask'd them what was the matter ; this was between Cecil-Court and Round-court; we walk'd by the side of a Soldier, who told us, they were going to disperse a mob in the Strand, and that was the third time they had been doing it that night. He told us, he would be oblig'd to us, if we could get a pint of beer, saying he was very dry; says the prisoner Lander , if we can see a house open, we will give you a pint of beer; we saw a light in a cellar and call'd for a pint of beer, and Lander drank to the soldier, and desir'd him to drink it up. which he did. We went on fair and easy, till we came up to the house to see the affairs; the soldiers pursued the mob towards Temple-bar; and it seems the prisoner went into Wood's house, and I miss'd him there .
Q. What time did you and the Prisoner come up to Wood's door?
Ryon. It was past one o'clock.
Q. Did the mob disperse at the soldiers coming?
Ryon. They went off when the drum beat , and Lander was there with me at the door .
James Ives . I was upon the guard that was detach'd on this Riot Sunday, July 2. I was very dry, going along, I ask'd a watchman, where I could get any water ? He told me, there was none in the way I was going. Presently, I saw this last witness and the prisoner Lander, whom I ask'd for a pint of beer; and as we came near Southampton-street, there was a cellar open; we went down and call'd for a pint of beer, the prisoner drank to me, and bid me drink it up, the other gentleman did not drink. I came up, and thank'd them, and followed my command, and over-took them near Somerset-house ; I saw him no more, till such time he was taken in the house; when we came there , the window-shutters were demolished. I being of the second party, which came into the house; we staid 2 or 3 minutes for a candle, when we came up 3 pair of Stairs; I saw the Prisoner Lander, he was coming down stairs; I took hold of his collar, and somebody said, here is one of the Rioters , so we brought him down stairs; said I, such Rascals as you cause us a great deal of trouble; said he, gentleman soldier, I desire you will give me leave to speak; he began to tell me the story of his giving me a pint of beer; the constable came to me, and ask'd if it was true ; then I ask'd the prisoner, on which side the way? He said, the left hand; said I, was it up stairs or in a cellar? He said, in a cellar. Said I, in company with any body? He said, one man, describing the colour of his cloaths. I knew this relation to be all true; I said, I'll do you all the justice I can. The Tuesday following, I went to Newgate to see him, and knew him at first sight.
Dominick Fullam. I have known Lander some time, he is a very honest man.
For Pen Lez .
Michael Pierce . I have known Pen Lez about 14 years; he is a very honest young fellow; he is a Peruke maker ; his father was a clergyman. I don't think he is inclinable to riotous proceedings, but a very sober man. I was with him keeping a birth night, at the Horse-shoe, Temple bar, that very night , and left him about half an hour after eleven o'clock.
Humphry Jones. I have known him for 3 quarters of a year; he is a very honest man.
Willson and Pen Lez guilty, Death . Recommended to mercy .
Lander acquitted .
* Ordered to be so inserted by the London jury that tried them.
The prisoner lived servant with the prosecutor, and at divers times in divers parcels, had taken these goods
It appeared there was an indictment laid against one Mr. Clap, for receiving wages with the prisoner's sister, due to the prisoner as a dead man, from on board one of his majesty's ships of war, to the amount of 70 l. and that the prisoner was transported in the year 1739. and that witnesses were subpena'd by the industry of Clap to prove the prisoner was seen at large, in this kingdom, in the year 1741.
but he was Acquitted .
The prisoner went into the prosecutor's shop to buy a gold ring, he took an opportunity to conceal one, and put a brass one in the place.
Guilty 4 s. 10 d.
488, 489, 490. David Buck , Griffith Cheriton and William M'Daniel , were indicted for that they, on the 11th of June , between the hours of 12 and one in the night of the same, out of the dwelling house of Joseph Pemberton , 4 silver teaspoons, val. 6 s. one man's hat, val. 7 s. one pair of sh ammy-gloves, val. 1 s. one yard and half of longlawn, 12 pewter-plates, 6 China-cups and saucers, 1 periwig, the goods of the said Joseph, did steal, take and carry away .
All three Acquitted .
491, 492. Thomas Kempton and Moses Wright alias Will Wright , were indicted for that they, in company with Manley Nichols, not yet taken, on the 21st of April , about the hour of two in the morning, out of the dwelling house of Edw Lions , 3 linen shirts, val. 7 s. one diaper napkin, val. 1 s. the goods of Edward Lions ; 2 linen wastcoats, 1 linen shirt, 1 cloth coat, 3 brass-candlesticks, 1 copper-pot, the goods of Peter More , did steal, take and carry away .
Here was no other evidence, than what the prisoner Kempton had said against Wright and Nichols, saying they did the robbery.
Both acquitted .
493. John Mooney , was indicted, for that he on the king's highway, on Seymour Stocker the younger, did make an assault, putting him in bodily fear and danger of his life; 1 gold-watch, val. 10 l. 1 pair of silver shoe buckles, val. 10 s. did steal, take and carry away .
Aug. 20 .
Seymour Stocker . As I was returning home from Stepney, near Ratcliff-cross , Aug. 20, between the hours of 10 and 11 at night, a man met me and presented a pistol to my breast, and told me if I spoke a word he would shoot me, demanding my money and watch immediately; then there came up a second person, which I believe to be the prisoner at the bar, but I cannot swear that; this second person took my silver buckles out of my shoes; he took me by the collar, and trip'd up my heels, and laid upon me while the other robbed another person; it was the first person that took my money and watch; I have omitted mentioning the money in the indictment, because I know not the sum; after they had robb'd the other man, they brought him and laid him down by me, telling us they would shoot us if we offer'd to stir; then when they were at a distance we got up.
Seymour Stocker , sen. I am father to the prosecuter ; on Saturday the 26th of August, a porter came to my house from the Crown and Magpy, which was the place I advertis'd the watch to be brought to; he told me a person had stopp'd the watch, &c. I went as directed by the porter, to Mr. Keates, a pawnbroker in Chandos-street, there I describ'd the watch, and proved it to be the property of my son.
Isabelia Keates. The woman that brought this watch to me , call'd herself Judith Wallice; the woman said, it was Capt. Bayley's; but having seen the advertisement, thought proper to stop it.
Judith Wallice . I carried this watch to Mrs. Keates's, I had it of the prisoner at the bar; the prisoner came to me that time, and ask'd me how I did, after my being blooded (I had been blooded the day before by Dr. Swinney,) who had two men with him at the time; I suppose the prisoner to be one of them; he ask'd me if I knew a pawnbroker ; I said yes, I did; he ask'd me if I knew ever a gentleman who wore a gold watch; I said, Capt. Bayley wore one; then he shew'd me this watch, and said it was the captain's, and desired me to go and pawn it for the captain; he wanted 20 guineas upon it, and if I could not get 20 I must get 15. and he said, he would give me and the pawnbroker half a guinea each. Before I went to the pawnbroker, I went with him to his room; there were 2 men he call'd ship-mates; we came all out together, and I went to the pawnbroker's; I told her I wanted 20 guineas on Capt. Bayley's watch;
There were witnesses appear'd to prove he was ill in bed at the same time, but full of contradiction amongst themselves.
Guilty , Death .
Guilty, 10 d.
496. James Arnold , was indicted, for that he in a certain-field, near the king's highway, upon William Whitebread , did make an assault, putting him in bodily fear and danger of his life, 1 silver watch, val. 50 s. 3 iron keys, 3 s. and 2 d. in monies numbered, the goods of the said William, did steal, take and carry away , July 1 .
William Whitebread . I do not know the prisoner; on Saturday, the first of July, a little before 11 o'clock at night, I was coming from Islington , near the New River head , there met me 3 men, one of them came up to me first, and ask'd me what it was o'clock; I told him, I believed a little wanting of eleven; immediately he clap'd a pistol to my face, and swore he'd blow my brains out, if I spoke a word: two more came up, and one of them laid hold of my left arm, and held a stick over me, and the third put his hand in my pockets and pulled out my watch, keys and money; they immediately ran away, one of the men was much about the size of the prisoner, the other was taller than the prisoner or accomplice, who is now to be evidence, but it was so dark I can't swear to the prisoner's face.
John Chambers . The first of July, being Saturday, I and one Matthew Bedford were coming home to Chick lane from towards Rag-fair, coming by the end of New-market, we saw the prisoner at the bar about 10 o'clock at night: Arnold and Bedford seem'd to know one another; I never saw Arnold before; they two agreed, and then ask'd me if I would go with them, I said, I would; we went up into the first fields by Clarkenwell : the prisoner took a pistol out of his pocket, and said he would stop the first gentleman he came nigh, which happen'd to be the prosecutor; as we were all standing together, said the prisoner, (it being dark) I hear a step, he went and ask'd what it was o'clock, then he said, he wanted the gentleman's money; said the gentleman, I have got but a little, and said, he would give us a shilling to drink his health: with that Bedford said , a shilling! I'll have all the money you have about you; the prisoner having the pistol at the gentleman's breast, said, feel if he has got ere a lodge ; so he felt in his pocket; he took out the watch and three little keys, and in so doing he broke the swivel of the chain, and ran down into Chick-lane , as hard as he could, before the other and I: I cannot swear to the money, because I had none of it ; I stood at this time over him with a stick ; we were to meet at the end of the New-market, which we did , and Bedford carry'd us to St. Giles's to a night-house, the sign of the Crown, there we sat and drank till morning; then Matthew Bedford carry'd us to Duke's Place to two Jews that he knew, and sold it for a guinea and a half to them; the prisoner said, give me my share and I'll go home to my wife; Bedford gave him 10 s. and 6 d. he went away, I had half a guinea on the Sunday morning. About a fortnight after this, I heard that Matthew Bedford was taken up, then I surrendered myself to tell the the whole truth, which I did at justice Fielding's.
Q. to Whitebread. Did you say, I'll give you a shilling to drink your health?
Whitebread. I said I had got but a shilling or two to drink my health.
Q. Was the swivil of your watch broke in taking it out.
Whitebread. It was, my lord.
Guilty , Death .
497. Sarah Bowdey , wife of James Bowdey , was indicted for stealing 1 pair of linen sheets, val. 2 s. 1 pewter dish, val. 1 s. 1 close-stool pan, 1 pewter chamber pot, 1 pewter pot , the goods of Kenneth Green , Aug. 9 .
Ann Hersel . I live at Chatham , the two prisoners were my servant s. I keep a farm ; I lost the horse and mare Aug. 22. out of my yard; when they were stop'd in Smithfield, I had word sent me, and I came up, and the prisoners were in Newgate ; the horse and mare are my property. I went to see the prisoners; they did not deny the stealing them, and said, they hop'd I would not come against them.
Thomas Baker . I live in Cow-lane, the two prisoners at the bar brought this horse and mare to me to sell; I no sooner bid them 6 pounds for them, but they agreed to take it; they being worth much more, I thought proper to stop them, and made inquiry which way they came by them; they went to get vouchers, but brought none, at last they told me they had stole them from their mistress, and likewise where she liv'd; so I and the constable sent her a letter, and she came up and swore to the horse and mare as her property.
John Burchet . I am constable; Mr. Baker came and told me he had two suspicious persons, so we went and charged me with them; upon which I asked one of them, where they had the horses; he stood as though he knew not what to say; the other put words in his mouth, and said, from Lee in Essex; upon which I replied, did you not know without being told: as I talked thus to him of our suspicion, they wanted to go, and he said, then he would lose his horses, if he must lose them, he must lose them. Upon which I told him, he must not go till he had been before a magistrate. The rest as the former witness.
Thomas Bennet an old soldier, deposed, that the two prisoners came to him in Smithfield, and gave him eighteen pence, to say the horses were honestly come by; he took their money and laughed at them, and said, he in his ragged coat looked more likely to steal a horse than to vouch for them.
Collison said, Aldridge came with him to shew him the way to London, and likewise , that his mistress's son gave him the horse and mare .
Both guilty .
Henry Pearson deposed , he lived at the Dolphin in Honey-lane-market , and that the prisoner had been drinking some time out of that tankard , with others, June the 12th, and that the rest of the company paid and were gone ; when a woman came into the house and drank out of it with the prisoner; and the tankard was missing in about a quarter of an hour after they were gone.
Both acquitted .
504, 505. William Smith , alias Norton , and Joseph Colebeck , were indicted for breaking and entring the dwelling-house of Robert Lowrey , and stealing one looking-glass, val. 12 s. two silver salts, val. 12 s. two silver cream-pots, val. 20 s. five large silver spoons, val. 40 s. two silver salt shovels, val. 2 s. one silver punch-ladle, val. 10 s. one silver stock-buckle, val. 1 s. 6 d. and one pewter tea-pot, the goods of the said Rob Lowrey , Jan. 15 .
Both acquitted .
Aug. 6 .
Edward Neway . Coming by the bottom of Saltpeter-bank , through Fleming's church-yard , a man collared me and asked me for my money; up came three more from behind the gates of the glass-house, and knock'd me down and rummaged my pockets; one said, D - n his eyes, he has got no money, I'll have his hat and wig; I took fast hold of my hat, and they took my wig as I was upon the ground; then they beat me in a barbarous manner; I cried out, Murder. A coach coming by, three of them run away, and this Boyd staid and beat me after the coach stopp'd.
- Galway. I was going home that Sunday night, I met Edward Neway at half an hour after eight-o'clock, his face and head were all bloody; I asked him how he came so, he told me three or four men met him at the bottom of Salt-peterbank and robbed him. I went with him to see if I could find them. We were told they run towards Tower-hill; we were directed to Murphey's house in Nightingale-lane. Murphy came out with his hanger drawn, and said, here is Murphy. David Boyd came out; David Boyd drew his hanger. I was near him without a stick: I said to a fellow servant, lend me your stick; they took to their heels, and ran down Nightingale-lane; as we followed, a little boy told us, they were gone down Black-horse-yard; when we came up there, we were directed to a house in New-rag fair; there were then about twelve of us; this was the house where Boyd liv'd; there were two doors to the house, we surrounded it, and Boyd looked out at the window. I said to my wife, who followed us,
Three other witnesses gave the same account.
The prosecutor was positive as to Boyd, and believed the bloody stick in his hand, was that which he had been used so ill with. He would not be positive as to Dumsey .
Boyd guilty , Death .
Dumsey acquitted .
508, 509. Matth.ew Burk and Mary Macguire , wife of Alexander Macguire , were indicted for stealing 3 gallons of gin, val. 7 s. 1 gallon of carraway-water, and 3 wooden casks, val. 2 s. 4 d. the goods of William Crow , Aug. 19 .
Both acquitted .
510. James Masterson , was indicted for that he, on the king's highway, upon John Winn did make an assault; putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life; one silver watch, val. 3 l. did steal, take and carry away , Aug. 16 .
Both guilty, 10 d.
Romley acquitted , Douglass, guilty 10 d.
517. Thomas Mackelly , was indicted for entering the dwelling-house of William Gwinn , and stealing out thence 20 yards of linnen check, val. 15 s. 30 cotton handkerchiefs, and other things, the goods of the said William , Feb. 24 .
The prisoner was servant to the prosecutor, she confess'd the fact to the alderman before whom she was carried.
Guilty of stealing, but not out of the dwelling-house .
526. Cornelius Donover , was indicted for that he, in a certain field or open place, near the king's highway, upon Thomas Bentley did make an assault, putting him in fear and danger of his life, and taking from him 1 cloth coat, 1 pair of silver buckles, a hat, 1 pair of mother of pearl buttons, 1 handkerchief, a pocket-book , and 9 s. in monies number'd , Aug. 12 .Pancras church , the prisoner at the bar and two other men seised me instantly; they unbuttoned my breeches and took out a pair of Mocoa buttons, they took my silver shoe-buckles , hat and coat, a bad 36 shillings piece, and 9 or 10 shillings. The prisoner stood over me with a hanger to terrify me . One of my knee-buckles was silver and the other not ; they attempting to take that which was not, I told them it was not silver, so they never meddled with the other. After this they stood over me consulting what to do with me about ten minutes; I said to them, pray don't make surgeon's work on me ; the prisoner looked hard at me, and said, D - n his eyes, what shall we do with him? another said, bind him; one of them pulled out a halter, then I begged for mercy; then the prisoner took me by the arm and pushed me along , and a way I walk'd.
The prisoner had four witnesses to prove him at the Ship and Satlor near Temple bar, the time the robbery was committed; but being examined apart , they appeared full of contradiction, that the jury gave no credit to what they said.
Guilty , Death .
Elizabeth Knot . The 22d of July there were three men stopped me in the back lane, over-against St. George's church in the east , about a quarter of an hour after 10 o'clock at night. Robinson seised Henry Thompson , and I was running away, and one Edward Ward said, D - n you, madam , you are not gone, and flung me against a bank. Cross the black came up to me; then Robinson called out help, saying, the son of a bitch would be gone. Cross run back, and struck Thompson several blows, and took his hat and wig and ran away; at the same time the other took six pence half-penny out of my pocket; then they run away and Thompson came to me with a stick in his hand which he took from the black. It was a very moonlight night, and we were within three or four yards of each other. The prisoners owned the fact before the justice.
Both guilty , Death .
Both acquitted .
532. Philip Lacy , was indicted for that he, together with William Tidd , not yet taken, on the king's highway, upon Henry Aplen did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life; one man's hat, one silk handkerchief, val. 2 s. and 3 s. 3 d. half-penny in monies numbered, did steal, take and carry away , July 25 .
Guilty , Death .
This was an accomplice with Valentine Godwin and James Johnson, who were cast last sessions, and since executed. To which tryal the reader is referred. No. 422, 423. in the July sessions paper.
Guilty 10 d.
Guilty 10 d.
Aug. 26 .
Guilty 10 d.
Edward Phillips , was indicted for stealing 1 brass cock, and 2 pound weight of leaden pipe , the goods of Edw . Walker , Aug. 3 .
Guilty 10 d.
Aug. 4 .
Guilty 10 d.
Guilty 10 d.
547, 548. Thomas Kempton , and Emanuel Nichols , were indicted for stealing 1 pair of sheets, val. 20 s . 4 flaxen sheets, val. 20 s. 2 dowlass sheets, val. 8 s. one damask table-cloth, val. 8 s. 3 linnen aprons, 3 cotton gowns, val. 20 s. and other things to the value of 20 l. out of the dwelling-house of Richard Smith . July 16 .
Elizabeth Smith . I am daughter to Richard Smith , I live in Pear-tree street, St. Luke's . The goods mentioned in the indictment were taken out of the drying loft; Kempton when taken confessed the taking them.
Q. Have you a door that opens out of your dwelling-house into the drying-lost?
Guilty of stealing but not out of the dwelling-house .
Daniel Batiscome . I live at the Butchers-arms in Hare-street, Bethnal-green . The prisoner and another man came to my house, and called for a full pot of beer; presently came in a third person and called for a tankard of beer; the prisoner having paid for his pot of beer, the other asked him to drink with him out of the tankard, which he did, and put the tankard down in a chair where it stood before. I having occasion to get some change, while my back was turn'd, the beer was flung out of the tankard, and the prisoner and tankard were gone too. I sent my servant to pursue him, but he could not find him.
Samuel Gear . I live in Drury lane; the tenth of July, the prisoner brought the tankard to my shop between five and six in the morning; he said his mother sent him to sell it, to fit him out for sea; he said 3 l. was the price of it. I said, do you go and fetch your mother to justify it is your property, and I'll give you the money you ask; I was going to advertise it, and the same night the prisoner was taken and brought to my house; the prosecutor swore to the tankard before Sir Samuel Gore , where the prisoner confessed the taking of it.
The prosecutor, and the prosecutor's father in law a dyer, with whom the prisoner worked as a servant , and others spoke well of him as to his former character .
Guilty of stealing but not out of the dwelling house .
550. John Alford , was indicted for that he, in a certain field or open place, near the king's highway, upon Thomas Lillwall , and him the said Thomas in bodily fear and danger of his life, did put, one guinea and 15 d. in monies, number'd, did steal, from the person of the said Thomas .
July 15 .
Thomas Lillwall . On the 15th of July, about 9 in the evening, as I was going from Stepney to Bow , in the field, about half a mile from Stepney, I met the prisoner; I bid him a good night, (we were both on foot), he said nothing to me, but turn'd short about, and got fast hold of my collar; I ask'd him what he wanted, he said money, and your money I'll have; he turn'd up his coat, and took out a bayonet; then he held it pointing to my side, and took from me one guinea, two six-pences and 3 d. in half-pence; he had on when he robb'd me, a green plush coat and a lac'd hat, the sides of his hat put down before; said he, there are more behind, the token is this, if they stop you, you must say, you have got nothing: but I did not meet any body to molest me. Then I went to Benjamin Tribes , at the Three Tuns , and told him I wasSamuel Jones ; he told me according to the description given, he knew the person very well, but did not know where he liv'd; but he would have me come again in the evening, and he would inquire where the prisoner liv'd, of a person whom he said knew him: I went, and was directed to the prisoner's house, at the sign of the Shoulder of Mutton in the Mint, near George's fields, in Southwark : I took two friends, and went there betwixt 7 and 8 o'clock, I went to the door, and call'd for a pint of two-penny, I saw him in the house; I turn'd round, and said to my companions, that is the man. They would not serve us with any beer; said I, do you both go in, and secure him from going away, while I go for a constable; I went, but the constable refus'd to come without a warrant; I went back to the prisoner's house, I sat down by him, and told him, he was the man that robb'd me the last night; he had a candle in his hand, which he wav'd backwards and forwards before his face, in a sort of a gamming way, saying, look, am I the man that robb'd you, repeating it, &c. I insisted upon his coming along with us, and we three brought him to Maynard the constable's house, and gave him charge of him; then we took him to justice Clark's, who committed him.
Upon his cross examination he made no mistake.
Prisoner's Defence . I was not there, but in my own house, playing a game at cards with my wife, at the time the prosecutor said he was robb'd.
To prove which, he call'd Wm Pope a coachman, who deposed , he was going by his house with his coach, stop'd and went in, and drank part of 3 tankards of beer with one Roberson a diover , the prisoner and his wife, a little after 9 o'clock that night. Roberson deposed the same , who described the house to have 3 or 4 boxes in it; the coachman said, it had but one ; they both said, the prisoner's wife had a printed linen gown on . Mary Tucker , the prisoner's servant, deposed, she was at home all day, and that her mistress had a brown calamanco gown on that day, and Elix. Matterson, a near neighbour, deposed , she had, that day , a flower'd short linen gown on , with other contradictions : all the witnesses were examin'd a part.
Guilty , Death .
Aug. 23 .
Guilty 10 d.
July 8 .
July 28 .
555. Francis Seacons , was indicted for personating one Ignazio D'Ignazi , and receiving 3 l. 6 s. 11 d. due to the said D'Ignazi , for services done on board one of his majesty's ships, at the Pay Office .
July 27 .
Acquitted on the indictment for the crown.
Guilty of a cheat in common law.
July 29 .
Guilty 10 d.
The prosecutor not appearing he was acquitted .
558. John Graham , was indicted for that he, on the king's highway, upon Saven Nellson did make an assault , putting him in bodily fear and danger of his life , and taking from his person 3 s. and 1 penny, the monies of the said Saven .
July 19 .
Saven Nellson. The 19th of July, between 11 and 12 o'clock at night, coming over Tower-hill , there came to me three other men, besides the prisoner at the bar, with drawn cutlasses in their hands; they said, if I spoke a word, they would cut me to pieces; while one stood on each side of me, the prisoner at the bar put his hand in my pocket and took my money; they perceiving the watchman coming, three of them ran away. I got hold of the prisoner, and call'd out watch, watch; the watchman came directly; I told him what had been done to me; we took the prisoner to the watch-house; in the morning he was carry'd before the justice, and committed to New Prison.
Prisoner's Defence. About two days before this affair happen'd, I had my discharge from on board one of his majesty's vessels: I sold my ticket at the Half-way-house, between Greenwich and Woolwich, in order to enter on board any of his majesty's ships. I went and enter'd myself on board the Tyger that same day, and I saw 2 or 3 of my friends in St. Catherine's; I went to Towerhill , to the sign of the Hamburgh Arms, and was there till about 11 o'clock at night; then I went away to a house which I had used before, thinking from thence to go down to the ship, on the morrow morning; coming to this house, it was late; I knock'd at the door, they would not let me in; the while I was talking to them, from the window above, two men, one of them is Wm. Caveragh , and the other is Hazard, said who is here, a friend said I; before the door was opened, they said will they not let you in? said I, I do not know whether they will or no; these two men broke into the house, and made a disturbance, and immediately came the prosecutor; then they fled both of them; then this man seeing me in the house, said, I believe you are one of the men that robb'd me on Tower-hill; said I, you are mistaken, I was not in company with them men, any further than seeing them here.
Q. to the prosecutor. Did you take him in a house?
Prosecutor. No, my lord, I took him where they robb'd me; I was in no house at all.
Guilty , Death .
559. John Godard , late of St. Paul's, Covent-garden , was indicted for that he, together with Mary Godard alias Blare, not yet taken, at the assizes, holden at Croyden in Surrey, in August last, wherein Thomas Supple was convicted for a robbery upon Adam Wright , taking from him a watch and other things, and that the said John Godard and Mary Godard alias Blare, did feloniously receive these things, knowing them to be stolen .
The record to this purport .
August the 3d before Sir Thomas Parker , Knt. and Sir Thomas Abney , Kt. July 1. Thomas Supple was indicted for that he, on the king's highway, upon Adam Wright did make an assault, putting him in bodily fear and danger of his life, one silver watch, val. 3 l. 1 cornelian seal set in gold, 1 cornelian seal set in silver, 1 polish'd steel watch-chain, 2 pieces of gold coin, call'd a quarter of a moidore, from the person of the said Adam did steal, take and carry away.
James Mackhey . I know the prisoner, he lives in Fenix-ally by Long Acre; on the 30th of June Supple and I went out, on the 1st of July we met Mr. Wright, Mr. Renolds and Mr. Hughs, on the foot of Gallows-hill , within a mile and half of Kingston; Supple went and stop'd the first Chaise, in which was Mr. Hughes; Mr. Wright and Mr. Renolds were in the other; we took from Mr. Hughes a gold watch, 3 diamond rings, 2 diamond ear-rings, 2 of these were mourning rings, the other a rose diamond; to the best of my knowledge there were 5 diamonds in each of these rings, the ear-rings had 9 diamonds in each ear ring. We took from Mr. Wright a silver watch with a steel-chain, a gold seal with a cornelian set in it, and a silver one with a cornelian in it: from Mr. Renolds we took 2 rings, and I believe about 6 or 7 shillings in silver, but upon his desiring the rings, we gave him them again; after we had committed this robbery, we went that very night to the prisoner's house, about 12 at night; he ask'd us what luck, we told him pretty well; the next day, being Sunday, we brought the goods and lodged them in his hands, till Monday morning, and then he bought them of us; this was about 10 o'clock ; we agreed with the prisoner and his wife for 13 l. for the whole of these goods; my wife came in at the time of the paying 5 l. of the money to Supple; the prisoner took her by the shoulder and turn'd her out, saying, she had no business ther e: we had 6 l. 10 s. each, he did not pay me till 3 or 4 days after; Supple gave him order to pay his other 30 s. to nobody but himself, and he received it afterwards. The prisoner said, the goods might have been had for 10 l. and blam'd his wife for offering so much. I heard the prisoner say, he would take the watch to pieces, and take the name and number out of it; he took the pistols and lodged them in his house for 3 days and nights; I gave the same account before justice Clark and justice Hammond, which I do now. Supple is since executed, and hangs in chains on Gallows-hill.
Jane Mackhey . On the 3d of July I was at Mr. Godard's house, he had a scarlet night-cap on, I ask'd him if my husband was there, I went in, and he took me by the shoulder and said I had no business there; I came out again and the prisoner shut the door , the upper part of which was glass; I went near and saw three persons together,
Mr. Wright. July the 1st Mr. Reynolds was with me in a chaise, Mr. Hughes was by him also in a chair; as we were coming from Kingston to London this Mackhey and Supple did the robbery; my watch was worth 6 l. and the gold seal about 15 s. the other silver one about 7 s. 6 d. and the steel polish'd chain I gave half a guinea for it: Mackhey gave the same account before Justice Clark he does now; but Supple was tried upon another indictment for a robbery near Vaux-hall and cast; so, no need to try him upon the other.
Mr. Hughes. The 1st of July, about six in the morning, I happened to be first, a man started out of the thicket with a horse-pistol, and said, damn you, sir, your money. That was Supple; he made me turn all my pockets, he took my gold watch that had a black ribbon to it, with a Pinchbeck seal and a Cornelian stone; then he said, open the seat of your chair, swearing at each sentence: in that was a band-box tied up in a handkerchief: said I, here is nothing but a few things; he made me untie them, and there were two shagreen cases; he cry'd d - n you, sir, give me them: in the one was three diamond rings, two of them mourning ones; in the other case were two earings.
Q. What might the value of all together amount to?
Mr. Hughes. They cost upwards of 100 l. the gold watch cost 25 l. the gold of it weigh'd 13 l. The ence , Mackhey, gave the same account before the Justice he has done now.
Guilty 10 d.
561. Lucy , the wife of John Lake , was indicted for breaking and entering the dwelling-house of John Brickmire , no person being therein, and stealing 5 guineas, the money of the sad John Brickmire , Sept. 4 .
Amelia Brickmire . I am wife to John Brickmire , I live in Vinegar-yard, Falston's court , Drury-lane , in a one pair of stairs room: about 6 o'clock last Monday was se'ennight we went to bury my child, this woman had been before in my room, and sitting just by my trunk she saw me take out on half guinea ; and when I came home I met her on the stairs coming down: I found my door and trunk both broke open and five guineas gone; I went the next morning to Justice Fielding's and got a warrant, and she was taken up and search'd, and under her left arm was found my snuff-box, in which the money was, in my trunk the day before, and there was in it 4 guineas and 19 s. in silver. The Justice ask'd her how she come to have so much money about her and to have ne'er an apron before her; she said she had pawn'd her apron for 4 d.
Abigail Scot . The prisoner came to me in my room, and said she had receiv'd a letter from her husband and she was to receive 20 s. from him on Saturday-night, seeing 2 s. 6 d. in her hand I suspected her, having heard of the robbery before.
James Gray . I am constable, I was sent for to the prisoner, and the women there all agreed to be search'd; I came to the prisoner, she said she had no money at all; said I, I must search you as well as the rest; (she was very unwilling to be search'd) from under the left bosom I took out this box (which the prosecutor swore to) and in it was 4 guineas in gold, and 19 s. in silver.
Guilty of stealing, but not out of the dwelling house .
562, 563. Samuel Thomson , alias Simon Crew , was indicted for stealing a silver tankard. val. 8 l. the property of Esther Vandome widow; and Sarah Stevenson alias Stevens , for receiving it, knowing it to be stole , May 24 .
This Thompson was an accomplice with Shepherd and Fryer , who were cast for there lives in the July sessions ; to which paper, No. 374, 375 , I refer the reader as to what concern Thompson .
Stevenson had confest before the prosecutor and others that three boys brought in a tankard that night, and it lay under their Heads, and they gave it to her in the morning, and she gave them a guinea
Thompson Guilty 39 s.
Stevens Acquitted .
564, 565 , 566. William Cavenagh , Thomas Hazard , and Thomas Maynard , were indicted for that they, in a certain field, or open place near the King's high-way , upon Alexander Bailey did make an assault, and him the said Alexander Bailey in bodily fear did put, one silver watch, val. 40 s. one brass thimble, and three halfpence in money numbered, from his person did steal , take, and carry away July 19 .
Alexander Bailey . On the 19th of July , a little before 5 o'clock, I was robb'd in Sampson's fields at the bottom of Virginia-street, Ratcliff high-way . Maynard came up and took me by the mouth after Hazard had robb'd me of my watch and forbid me to call out, and he turned out my pockets, and took three halfpence and a thimble; Hazard had a cutlass in his hand and Cavenagh a pistol, they were all three together, they went all away together, and I followed them; and when they were got into the main street I call'd out; then they ran and I after them; the first that was taken was Hazard, then the other two were taken in less than an Hour's time after. The watch was found upon Hazard.
James Gulliland . I am one of the Headboroughs of St. George's parish, Hazard was brought to me about 6 o'clock, I search'd him before Justice Manwaring and I found two watches, one of which the prosecutor swore to, and nam'd the name and number before it was opened, saying, he had been robb'd of it, of a thimble and three half-pence, a little before; Hazard said before the Justice it was the first fact he ever did, and that he was drunk when he did it; he would have made himself an evidence, but he was not admitted.
John Ball . The 19th of July in the morning, about half an hour after 5 o'clock, Cavenagh and Maynard were taken; I laid hold of Cavenagh , and he had this pistol in his hand loaded with two slugs , but he wrenched himself away and snap'd the pistol at me, so some other people pursu'd him and brought him to me; and here is another pistol brought to me, which was taken from Maynard, and he was brought with it; I took them before my Lord Mayor; he ask'd Cavenagh what he had got to say; he said he had but little to say: Maynard said he knew nothing of the matter: when we were going in a coach to the Compter, I said to Cavenagh . I am surpriz'd you should go to destroy an innocent man, who was going to do his country service; he said, damn you, I wish the ball had gone through your body; saying it never fail'd him in his life before: we had a cutlass in the coach , and he said if he had had that cutlass he would have sweated us all, before he would have been taken.
Henry Key . I am turn-key to the Poultry-compter, July the 19th, betwen five and six, Mr. Ball brought in two of these prisoners, Cavenagh and Maynard; Mr. Ball said they were charg'd with robbing a taylor of a watch, a thimble, and three halfpence: I search'd Cavenagh, and found in his right-hand pocket three halfpence and a brass thimble, in his left side-pocket there were three half crowns, one shilling and sixpence; I search'd Maynard and found nothing on him.
Joseph Pain . I was at the taking these two prisoners the 19th of July. Another young man and I were sitting in St. Catherine's, Cavenagh and Maynard came running past us, and a boy came following that is an apprentice to a wheelwright, and ask'd us if we had not seen two sailors pass us; we said yes; he said they were two thieves, so we followed them; they run up St. Catherine's court and came out by the Victualling-office, and run up Queen-street, I followed them close and came up to Maynard, and I desir'd him to stop; he had a pistol in his hand, and I saw him drop it down close by his heel; I took it up the same moment, it was loaded with powder in the pan, then I desir'd him to stop, which he did; Cavenagh turn'd about and said, if you don't let the man go, I'll shoot you through the brains; said I, then I'll have at you; then I clap'd my pistol to his breast, and he and I each snap'd our pistols, but neither of them went off; I had given the other young fellow that was with me charge of Maynard, and having a stick in my hand, I gave Cavenagh a knock on his head, he stagger'd a little, but got from me; I run after him almost to St. Catherine's court, and there two men laid hold of him; I never saw the other prisoner Hazard, till last thursday, who said to me, if you are a brother don't be too hard against them.
William Harris . I was in the king Henry's yard, Nightingale lane, I heard the cry, stop thieves! I run out of the shop, and saw three men run down the yard whom I pursu'd, and Thomas Hazard ran through one alley, and Cavenagh and Maynard through another: I followed Hazard and there I pick'd up this hanger, which I had seen in Hazard's hand before as he ran.
Hazard's Defence. We were not together when
Cavenagh's Defence. I met Thomas Hazard who was a ship-mate of mine, we drank some punch together, and he said will you come as far as Wapping to the ship? I went, and being a little disguised in liquor he came with me; we met this taylor , and they had some debate with him, but the man knows I did not say any thing to him; I was not in my senses, nor did I know what I was about, and never saw this Maynard before that time with my eyes.
Maynard said he had nothing to say.
All three Guilty Death .
568. Samuel Cross , was indicted for that he, upon William Burford feloniously and wickedly, with malice aforethought flung the said William to the ground, on the left side of the head then and there did strike, giving the said William on the left side of the head one mortal wound, in length half an inch, and breadth half an inch, and the said William did kill against his Majesty's peace, crown and dignity.
He stood likewise a second time indicted on the Coroner's inquest for the said murder.
James Jones . William Burford , the deceas'd, work'd along with the prisoner at the bar, they were sawyer s, they had work'd together that morning the accident happened 'till breakfast time ; the deceas'd was come away from that yard where they work'd together, to work with a witness here in Mr. Inch's yard, Holborn; after he had been at work about an hour, the prisoner Cross came to Mr. Inch's yard, and found his mate wheting his saw; he went to him and said, are not you a rogue and a scoundrel rascal for leaving of me se, as you have this morning? and he abus'd the deceas'd with many bad words; the deceas'd made him no answer, but turn'd up his head and smil'd at him; then the prisoner came to the other end of the yard; after that he went to the deceas'd again, and abus'd him in words very much; then he took up a great stick and threw it at him, which went just over his head; said I, if you had hit him you'd have knock'd his brains out; he said he did not care, if it had not been for the law he would stick his knife in him; then the prisoner went out of the yard and staid a quarter of an hour, then he came again, and brought one Thomas Batersby along with him, and began again to abuse the deceas'd very much with words and challeng'd to fight him; the deceas'd was sharpning his saw and said he would not fight; said the prisoner, I'll make you fight me, and he put his foot upon the top of the deal and struck the deceas'd with his fist; the deceas'd had his file with which he was sharpning his saw, and said, if you do so again I'll run the file in your guts; with that the prisoner struck the deceas'd again on the side of the head, and insisted upon his fighting, and at this time my master came out and said, betwixt you both I shall have the saw broken; then the prisoner took the saw out of the deceas'd's hand, and still insisted upon fighting, and pull'd off his clothes so to do; Burford said, I will not fight you except I have somebody to take me up; the prisoner made answer and said, here is your shop-mate ( meaning my self) will take you up, and here is one will take me up, which was the person he brought with him: the deceas'd said to me, if you'll take me up I'll fight him; then came my master and said, here shall be no fighting here; so they went out into Holborn to fight; when they first began they fell both sideways; after that the prisoner threw the deceas'd four falls together, and at the fourth fall he got his wound, his head came against a stone and fractur'd his skull; after that he lay for dead; I took him up in my arms and carry'd him to the sign of the Pilgrim and set him on a bench , then I got some water and put it to his mouth , he drank some, and I throw'd some in his face; in about a quarter of an hour he walk'd into the timber-yard, and the prisoner went home to his work; the deceas'd went into the saw-pit, to take a little sleep, and there he died in about three hours after; we got a surgeon-barber, and he prick'd him, but he did not bleed; he search'd his head and there was a fracture in his skull two inches and a half on one side, and an inch and a half on the other: I never heard of any malice or falling out between them before: after the battle the prisoner call'd for a pint of beer and drank to the deceas'd, but the
Gyles Parsons deposed to the same purport .
Guilty of manslaughter .
Both Acquitted .
571, 572. Jane Maclane and Margaret Taylor , were indicted for stealing one man's cloth coat, val. 10 s. one linen waist coat, val. 4 s. one pair of silver shoe buckles, val. 15 s. one silver stock-buckle, one silver watch, val. 3 l. the goods of James Tombs , in the dwelling house of Elizabeth Ellingham , widow, July 20 .
James Tombs . I live at the bell in Friday street, the ostler, chamberlain, and my self were out together, we met with Margaret Taylor and two more, July the 20th, between eleven and twelve o'clock at the house of Elizabeth Ellingham in Rose-court, Fleet-lane , we had two full pots of beer, we sent for it out of doors, and we all six agreed to go to bed together; I and this Margaret Taylor went to bed, my fellow servant s minds were alter'd, they went home and left me in bed; as soon as they were gone the other prisoner Maclane came within-side the room and lay down on one side of us, which might be about two o'clock. I went to sleep, and in the morning about four o'clock I awoke, and there was no body there but myself; I got up and pull'd all the bed-clothes off, and the bed likewise to see if I could find any of my things, there were my breeches, stockings, and shoes there; I miss'd my coat, waistcoat, watch, shoe-buckles, stock-buckle, and three silk handkerchiefs, which were in my coat pocket: I went home to Friday-street before many people were stirring, with what things they had left me. I put on some other cloaths the same day, and went in pursuit of them, and we found two of them in Fleet-lane, Margaret Taylor and Elizabeth Ellingham ; I got a constable, and carry'd them to Wood street compter, and kept them till next morning, then took them before the sitting Alderman , they were both clear'd; the goal-keeper wanted their fees, but they had no money; the constable said to me, you had better pay their fees, and may be they'll tell you where your things are: accordingly I did, and they told me they would go and shew me where they had carry'd them, which they did; it was in Rag-fair; I went and ask'd the man if he had ever a coat and waistcoat that would fit me; he said no; said I, have you not got a coat and waistcoat you bought yesterday morning? no, said he, I have not; he brought the waistcoat to me, and I own'd it; he had cut the borrow off the coat and sent it to be scouer'd ; I would have given him six shillings for them, which was the money they said they sold them for, but he said he gave ten shillings, and he would not take less for them; so I left them there: while I was there Mr. Macdonald came and got a warrant for Margaret Taylor and had her before Justice Gower , she there said Jenny Maclane took my watch , shoe-buckles and stock-buckle, and put them in her bosom , and my coat and waistcoat she wrapped up in her apron, and said that she saw her sell them, and also the salesman said he bought them of Jane Maclane and another woman with her. Margaret Taylor said Jane Maclane gave my watch to one Isaac Judah a Jew, to sell, and where he carry'd it, it was stop'd, so he made the best of his way back again.
Thomas Wintworth . Betwixt the hours of 11 and 12 at night on Wednesday 19. James Tomb , Philip Booth and myself, took a walk out, when all our people were gone to bed, not thinking of meeting these persons, which we did; we met with the two prisoners in the Fleet-market, I was sober then as I am now; we went along with them into Fleet-lane, as before mentioned, Mrs. Ellingham's daughter was one in company. When we had drank up two full pots of beer, Tombs had agreed with Margaret Taylor , to lie with her for one shilling; the other two women were desirous for us to give them each a shilling, so to make a round bed; I love a woman very well, but I chuse to have her to myself. I stay'd till almost 2 o'clock; I staid and saw Tombs and Margaret Taylor in bed together, then I and Booth went away, and the other two girls call'd us scrubs &c. then they shut the door; I heard them fasten it as I was on the outside; I had beg'd of him before to go home with us, but he said, I like my girl, and I'll stay with her; I left him with the things mentioned in the indictment, and a guinea in gold in his pocket , and some silver; the money he brought home next morning; for they did not medale with his breeches; the next morning, I saw him come home without coat , waistcoat, or shoe buckles; he had tied his apron round his middle . I thought he look'd very destitute ; heElizabeth Ellingham , and carry'd them to the Counter, and the next morning they were acquitted; the keeper of the Counter wanted their fees; somebody said, come James, pay their fees, and may be they will tell you were your cloaths are, which he did. Then Margaret Taylor took him to Duke's-place, where she said the watch and buckles were left; the man's wife own'd, that she saw the things delivered to her husband; his name is Isaac Judah : we saw none of the things; then we went to Rag-fair, by her directions; the rest as the former Witness.
James Mc Dodonald . The two prisoners at the bar came to me the 20th of July, Jane Maclane brought a coat and waistcoat, they ask'd me 12 s. I bid them 9 s. and bought them for 10 s. I had bought things of her several times before; Mr. Tombs came to me the 21st and own'd them.
Both guilty 4 s. 10 d.
July 10 .
This is the same person indicted, number 500
William Handy . July 10 between 8 and 9 o'clock in the evening, the prisoner came to my house; I live in Shore-ditch , and ask'd my drawer to draw him a pint of beer; I was at some distance, he not soon bringing him a pint, the prisoner ordered it a tankard; so I gave the lad down a remarkable tankard, with a queen Ann's crown piece upon the lid; he put it down by the prisoner: I did not miss my tankard, till I went to put them by, which was 4 hours after this; there was nobody in the box with the prisoner; the boy describing the prisoner to an acquaintance, he was told, it was a man that had lodgings at Islington ; we went and took him, he denied the fact of ever being at my house; I never saw the tankard after that time.
William Dunmore . The prisoner at the bar came into our house July the 10th, between 8 and 9 o'clock, he call'd for a pint of beer, and before I got half way down stairs, he said, I might as well make it a tankard, saying, he had somebody else coming to him; I brought a tankard, and he removed to another table: then he ask'd me, if there was not a founder liv'd in the next court; he said, he was in company with a founder, at the Crown ale-house , a night or two ago; I told him there was one liv'd over the way; he said, that was not the man. Our house was pretty full, and I was busy, so I did not see him or the tankard afterwards: my mistress was not at home.
William Alsep . I am a founder; I was drinking at the Crown ale-house , and the prisoner at the bar happen'd to come in, on the 5th of July: I had seen him before in the country, but I had almost forgot him; he ask'd me to drink, he told me he liv'd at Islington, and said he should be glad to spend a penny with me any other time; he said, he would call upon me the next day, but he did not: upon Mr. Handy's being robb'd, a woman came and ask'd, if my master was drinking with a person at the crown, some little time ago: the boy came and describ'd the man to me, then I said, it was myself he meant, for I had drank with him there as before mentioned.
574. Henry Long , was indicted, for that he being a person of ill same and conversation, intend to defraud our sovereign lord the king, by forging and uttering a certain paper writing, personating one Edward Coleman , with an intent to receive 2 l. 14 s. due to the said Coleman .
575. John Austin , was indicted for that he, together with another person unknown, on the king's highway, upon Mary the wife of Samuel Carr , did make an assault, putting her in corporal fear and danger of her life, and 8 s. and 6 d. in monies number'd from her person, did steal, take and carry away .
July 11 .
577. Thomas Stone , was indicted for that he, together with Edward Johnson , about the hour of 9 in the fore-noon, Sept. 4. the dwelling house of Mary Vain , spinster, did break and enter, no person then being there, and one Mahogony table did steal, take and carry away .
This appear'd upon the evidence, a distraint for rent by order of the landlord .
Aug. 5 .
Both acquitted .
Robert Hymore , was indicted for stealing 1 pair of velvet breeches, 3 linen shirts, 2 pair of cloth breeches, and other things , the goods of George Mercer .
Guilty 10 d.
581. James M'Gennis , was indicted for that he, together with Benjamin Lovley and Edward Lovley , on the king's highway, on Paul Gotobed , did make an assault, putting him in bodily fear and danger of his life, 1 hat, val. 1 s. 1 peruke, val. 1 s. 1 silk handkerchief, val. 2 s. from his person, did steal, take and carry away .
July 21 .
Paul Gotobed . The 21st of July I heard murder call'd, I was in an ale-house in Red Lion-street, Whitechapel ; I went out, and the prisoner at the bar and Benjamin Lovley knock'd me down, about 5 or 6 yards from the door; the prisoner struck me first, and the other afterwards with sticks; they stood over me some time, rifling my pockets; Lovley took my hat and wig; the prisoner stood over me, and said, d - n your blood, if you stir he'd cut me down. My landlord came out, and they gave back a little; I got up and came into the house with him, then he took a piece of wood, what belongs to a mantle-piece, and I took the iron poker, and we went out; they were come to the door, one of them made a chop at me; the prisoner at the bar whistled with his hand, and there came three more immediately: my landlord said, do not flinch from me; I said, I'll die first; then d - n you, the prisoner said, you shall die then. We ingaged them about 15 minutes, they had sticks, and one of them had a hanger; after we were quite spent, we call'd thieves, stop thief, &c. then they ran away; the watch came quick up to our assistance, we were bruised very much, but the cutlass had not touch'd any of us. We with the watchman made after them; the watchman knock'd Lovley down (some took towards Whitechapel, and some towards the city, we pursued the city way); Lovley rose again, and got from him, and a butcher met him, and knock'd him down again, and held him; this was within Whitechapel-bars: presently the other Lovley was taken. The two Lovleys were carry'd to Aldgate watch-house , and the prisoner to Whitechapel watch-house ; but when the fire was in the Poultry the two Lovleys got away.
Richard Cheney . I was shutting up the door about one o'clock, to go to bed; after I heard this cry, and Paul Gotobed was gone out, I went out and there I saw Paul on the ground, and the prisoner and a lesser man with him; they had sticks in their hands, and one of them was stooping down at him as he lay; upon my seeing them, they drew a little back, and Paul got up; he said, he was robb'd of his wig and handkerchief; I took 1 piece of a chimney-piece, and he an iron poker , and we went out again; one of them, which was Lovley, drew a hanger, and took a chop at me , I caught his blow with my bit of wood; then I took him a punch with the end of it, and set him on his backside; at our going out this second time, one of them whistled, and instantly there came three more to their assistance; said I to Gotobed, don't flinch; said he, I'll die first, and I think there were two or three of them said it shall not be long first. We fought them for several minutes, and when we were quite spent, we call'd out stop thief, stop them, &c. then they ran away, then we pursu'd them, and the watchmen came about; Lovley was knock'd down, and got up again, and ran thro' Whitechapel-bars , and there taken; there was a great long knife found where he fell first, and brought to the watch-house: presently somebody brought in the other Lovley with Paul Gotobed 's hat and wig, (but the persons who took these two brothers are not here, they thought there would be no occasion for them, since the two Lovley's are got out of the Poultry-counter, being let out when the fire was there), the prisoner was taken, and had to Whitechapel watch-house; he said there, they were going to rob somebody, it was not us in particular, to get some money to carry them to Ireland.
John Strutt . I am a watchman, I was at my stand in Whitechapel, about two hundred yards nearer the bar than Red-lyon-street; I heard the cry, stop thief, stop thief, about one o'clock in the morning. I ran and saw a man in a red waistcoat; I knock'd him down with my staff, that prov'd to be Edward Lovley ; we had a little struggle together on the ground, he was too strong for me, and got up, and got through the bar into the freedom; then a watchman or a butcher stop'd him. When I had knock'd him down, I call'd out brush 'em, brush 'em , which was the word we had, and my brother watchman came to my assistance; we carry'd him to Aldgate watch-house , by the hands and legs, he was very unruly : Gotobed came up to the watch-house, and gave charge of him, saying, he had been robb'd by him and others; then in about 15 minutes, there came the other watchman and a gentleman, and brought in Benjamin Lovley ; two of our watchmen had taken the prisoner, and brought him to Whitechapel watch-house .
Guilty , Death .
582. Mary Dimer , was indicted for that she, on the king's highway, upon Cornelius Harris , did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, one silver watch, val. 3 l. one periwig, the goods of the said Cornelius, did steal, take and carry away .
July 5 .
Cor. Harris. On the 5th of July I was coming from over Tower-hill , in the narrow passage that leads down to East-Smithfield ; the prisoner and a man, (I have heard since his name is Thomas Crawford ) were in that passage, it was dark; the woman took hold of my arm, the man came up on my right side and said, you scoundrel, how dare you touch my wife? Said I, the woman took hold of me; the woman made answer to the man, and said, the gentleman did not take hold of me, I took hold of him, which prevented his taking hold of me; then I walk'd on through the passage, he followed me, and ask'd me were I was going; I told him, to my lodgings, at the Hermitage; the woman was with him, they said, they were going that way, and we shall be company together; as we went through a passage, there was a publick house open, he ask'd me to go in and drink; he took hold of my shoulder, and said, I should go in and drink; I thought they were on some bad design, I did go in, that I might have a view of his Face, so as to know him again, if any ill should come after, for I thought myself in danger; I look'd at each of them wishfully: as soon as the pint of beer came, I walk'd out directly, and desired them to drink it; they followed me in half a minute, the woman walk'd at my left hand, and the man at a little distance from me at my right; when I came to go down the butcher-row, the woman stop'd me, and said you must go no farther; she was a little in liquor, the man was quite sober; he directly struck at me with a stick; I received five blows over my head, before I could clear myself of the woman; I fell upon my right knee, then the woman took my watch out of my fob, and the man from behind me took my wig. My senses remain'd, but I could not cry out, I was so stun'd; as I was thus, I saw a gentlewoman in her shift at a window, she call'd out murder , murder, the gentleman will be kill'd, &c. then they ran away; I got up, and got my back against a wall, and the constable and beadle brought the woman to me; she took the watch out of her bosom, and deliver'd it to the constable, upon my saying I had been robb'd; she made a confession, and said one Thomas Crawford , who had return'd from transportation, was the man with her, saying he led her astray to it, and she was obliged to do it.
William Ditton . I was constable, July the 5th about 12 at night, I said to the beadle, let us go out to see how things are; when we got a little way, we heard the cry stop thief; the prisoner pass'd by us, coming up to the May-pole; hearing a person had been robb'd, said I, by what, a man or woman, the person said by both; said I, the woman we pass'd may be one of them; the woman was gone up in a court, it was no thoroughfare ; we went up it, there was the prisoner at the bar , sat down in the corner, she said she was making water, I said to the beadle, take hold on her arm, I took hold of the other ; we brought her down to the May-pole, there stood captain Harris all bloody, leaning against a bulk; said I to him, do you know this woman ? he said, this is the woman that robb'd me of my watch ; said I, be sure of it, for here is a life depending; I took him and the prisoner both to the watch-house , I told her she must undo her things, for I must search her; she put her hand into her bosom, and gave me the watch, saying, there is the gentleman's watch; it is a remarkable watch, and the captain swore to it.
Richrd Leget the beadle, confirm'd this last witness's account, being with him all the time .
The prosecutor petitioned the court to spare the prisoner's life, saying, he had made inquiry, and found she came of reputable parents , and was drawn away by a bad man .
Guilty , Death .
Peter Crosby and Edward Downing alias Michael Barnsides , were indicted for stealing one cloth coat, val. 10 s. 12 silver buttons, val. 12 s. 16 shillings in money number'd, in the dwelling house of Edward Henley , the goods of the said John .
July 23 .
John Henley . The 23d of July last, I was in More-street, Soho , being a little in liquor, I went to lie down on a bed where the prisoner Downing lay; he said, you had better take off your cloaths; I took off my coat, and laid myself down with my breeches and stockings on; he got up when I was sleeping, and took away my coat; I never saw my coat since, but here is a pawnbroker, who has got the buttons, which was brought to him by the prisoner Downing; I believe Crosby is innocent of the affair.
Thomas Hutchings . The 24th of July, Downing and another person came to my shop with 12 silver coat buttons to pawn, I lent him 15 s. upon them; they being in my custody, the prosecutor came to search, and I knowing Mr. Welch, the other person who came with Downing, he directed me where to find him.
Crosby acquitted .
Downing guilty of stealing, but not out of the dwelling house .
585. Ann, the wife of Michael Brooks , was indicted for that she, in a certain necessary house, on Jane Randolph , spinster, did make an assault , her in corporal fear and danger of her life did put, taking from her person one linen cap , val. 4 d. one silk knot, val. 1 d. one camblet skirt, one coat, one flannel peticoat , val. 6 d . one pair of shoes, val. 6 d. the goods of the said Jane Randolph , July 8.
The child was found in its shift only, after it had been seen in the prisoner's hand leading it, the prisoner had carry'd the cloaths to her house , where she and the clothes were found.
Guilty of felony, but acquitted of the Robbery .
Guilty Death .
Martin guilty , Williams acquitted .
Guilty 10 d.
Guilty 10 d.
Aug. 10 .
William Shephard . I live in Spittle-fields , and keep a mercer's shop ; I had been out, coming home about one o'clock in the day, I saw the prisoner at the bar walking about my door, looking hard into my shop; as I came near, I saw him go in; he took one piece of Saxon green damask, he put it into his apron, and ran away with it; I ran round a cart and took hold on him, I brought him back to my shop, with the goods upon him.
Another witness depos'd he saw Mr. Shephard take the piece of stuff out of the prisoner's Apron.
Guilty 4 s. 10 d.
Thomas Brown , was indicted for stealing one silk waistcoat, val. 14 s. one walking cane, val. 4 s.
The prosecutor not appearing he was Acquitted .
The Trials being ended, the Court proceeded to give Judgment as follows:
Received Sentence of Death, 19.
John Collison , George Aldridge , John Willson , Bos. Pen Lez , John Mooney , James Arnold , David Boyd , Cornelius Denover , Thomas Robinson , John Cross , Philip Lacy , John Alford , John Graham , William Cavenagh , Thomas Hazard , Thomas Maynard , James Macgennis , Mary Dimor , and Thomas Crawford .
Transported for 14 years, 1.
Transported for 7 years, 32.
John Williams , Peter Brown , John Birch , Charles More , Mary Mills , Griffith Thomas , Joseph Downs , Sarah Peak , Jonathan Smith , Jane Maclane , Margaret Taylor , James Jewil , John Barcley , Mary Quin , George Mackey , Peter Halfpenny , John Davidson , George Potter , Thomas Kimpton , Emanuel Nichols , Eliford Mills , Martin Sullivan , John Bowley , Lucy Lake , Samuel Thompson , alias Simon Crew , Michael Barnsides , Ann Brooks , Sarah Martin , Edward Pomphret , Thomas Watty , alias Waters, Eleanor Morris and William Green .
SHORT HAND taught by T. Gurney , Watchmaker, in Bennet-street near Christ-Church, Surrey, the Writer of these Proceedings, who attends every Saturday Evening, from Five till Nine, at the Last and Sugar-leaf , Water-lane, Black-fryars . Half a guinea entrance, and the like sum when the scholar is compleated.
N. B. He also takes down Trials at Law.