Thursday the 10th, Friday the 11th, and Saturday the 12th of May 1733, in the Sixth Year of His MAJESTY's Reign.
Printed for J. WILFORD, behind the Chapter-House, near St. Paul's. M, DCC, XXXIII.
(Price Six Pence.)
Where may be had the former Numbers in the present Mayoralty.
BEFORE the Right Honourable JOHN BARBER , Esq; Lord Mayor of the City of London ; Mr. Justice Probyn ; Mr. Boron Comyns ; Mr. Baron Thompson , Recorder; Mr. Serjeant Urlin, Deputy-Recorder; and others of His Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer for the City of London, and Justices of Goal-Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City and County of Middlesex.
1. Sarah Sanders , was indicted for stealing a Portugal Piece of Gold, value 36 s. a Gold Ring, value 10 s. a Gold Ring set with Vermillion Stones, value 7 s. 6d. a Silver Girdle Buckle, value 10 s. three Aprons, a Shirt, a Shift, and 2 Ells of Holland, the Goods of John Underwood , in his House , March 4 .
John Underwood. The Prisoner was my Servant , she came to me very well recommended, but had not staid above ten Weeks before several Things were missing. I examined her about them, and she confessed that she had taken a Silver Girdle Buckle, a Gold Ring, a Shirt, and two Ells of Holland, and had pawned them all at the Greyhound and Three Bowls in Hounsditch, for 18 s. The Goods were found there. She was carried before Alderman Brucas, who committed her to Newgate. I went thither next Day to see her, and then she confessed further, that she had taken from me a Portugal Piece of Gold that goes for 36 s. I was more surprised at this, than at all the rest, because I could not imagine which Way she could come at it.
Mrs. Underwood. Missing my Stockings and Aprons, I asked the Prisoner if she knew any thing of them? She denied that she did; and as I had received a good Character of her, I did not suspect her Honesty, but thought she might have put them among her own Things by Mistake, and therefore I desired to look in her Box. She readily opened it, and there I found my Aprons, one of my Holland Shifts, and my Prayer-Book. Upon this I began to mistrust her, for I thought she could not take all these Things by Mistake; and upon taxing her closely, she at last confessed that she had taken the Shift with a Design to carry it away, as she had done several other of my Things which she had pawned; but she said, the Aprons were put in her Box by Mistake.
Prisoner. My Box had no Lock nor Hinges, it always stood open; I had been Ironing late at Night, and put some of my Mistress's Things among my own, by Mistake: As for the Ring, I found it among some foul Things, and wanting Money, I carried it to pawn, but did not intend to keep it; for when my Master paid me my Wages, I fetched it out of pawn with my own Money.
Henry Glover . The Prisoner was my Servant above eight Years, she all that Time bore a very good Character; and I had such an Opinion of her Honesty, that I was in the greatest Surprize when I heard of this Charge against her.
The Jury found her Guilty to the value of 4 s. 10 d.
Samuel How . On the 19th of April the Prisoner came to my Shop and cheapened a Pair of Buckles, but did not buy any, and when he was gone I miss'd a Pair. He came again next Day to cheapen more. He look'd
3. Samuel Powers , was indicted for the Murder of Grace, the Wife of John Neal , with a Musquet charg'd with Gun-powder and Paper, by discharging of which he gave her one mortal Wound in the left Eye, of the Length of one Inch and Depth of one Inch, on the 13th of April ; of which mortal Wound she languished till the 20th Day of the same Month, and then dy'd.
He was a second time indicted on the Coroner's Inquisition for Manslaughter
John Dodding . I keep a Brandy Shop in Port-Street, by Newport-Market . A Soldier over Night left his Musquet behind a Cask in my Shop. The Prisoner and the Deceased came in next Morning and call'd for a Quartern of Liquor. He took up the Musquet. I desired him to let it alone. He said it was not charged. I told him that was more than I knew, and again desired him not to meddle with it, and I had hardly spoke before it went off and shot her left Eye out. He and she lived together as Man and Wife, but she was reckon'd to be the Wife of the Queen's Coachman, for she went by his Name - Neal. This was done on the Friday Morning, and next Friday she dy'd.
Court. Did he present the Piece towards her?
Dodding. Yes, he held it up and pointed it to her Face, and when he found what he had done, he seem'd in a Fright, and set it down and went out.
Court. Did he threaten to shoot her?
Dodding. No. They came in very friendly, and no Words pass'd betwixt 'em in Anger; they only talk'd of going to their Work. She was a Quilter, and he was a Labouring Man.
Isaac Cabele . I was in the Shop at the same Time. The Prisoner went behind the Counter and took up the Piece. The Landlord said, How do you know but it is loaded? No, says the Prisoner, it is not. How do you know that! said the Landlord again. Whereof the Prisoner play'd the Fool with it, and it went off and shot the Woman's left Eye out of her Head, and then he went away. He did not run, but only walked, and was taken in Long-Acre. She lived about a Week after.
Court. Was there any Quarrel between 'em?
Cabele. No. There seem'd to be no Anger, they came in together and call'd for a Quartern. - Her Name was Grace Neal formerly, but lately she pass'd for the Prisoner's Wife, tho' indeed she was but a sort of a Lay-by.
After she had receiv'd the Wound, she was sent to the Infirmary in St. James's, where she dy'd. Two Surgeons who attended her depos'd, that that Wound was the Cause of her Death.
The Prisoner in his Defence said, that he had no Malice in his Heart, nor thought any Harm, for that he saw no Powder in the Pan, but turning the Piece about to Exercise, it went off suddenly.
The Jury found him guilty of Manslaughter .
Mr. Banks. About Nine at Night, about a Month ago (I don't remember the Time exactly) I was robb'd in the Rope-Walk by the Halfway-House at Stepney , by two Men, who took upwards of 10 s. from me. But having never been robb'd before, I was too much surpriz'd to take particular Notice of their Persons, so that I cannot be positive that the Prisoner was one of them. They likewise took my Hat and three Keys from me, but upon my asking for them again, they return'd them to me. The Prisoner and Thomas
Nathaniel Harris . The Prisoner came to my Shop in Rosemary-Lane, and offered to sell me two Hats. Tom Bunker and Tom Welton stood at a little Distance. + Welton is now in Newgate, and Bunker is an Evidence. I had seen them several Times, for a Month or two past, loitering with the Prisoner about Rosemary-Lane. I had some Suspicion on that Account, and what encreas'd my Suspicion was, that I saw some Blood upon the Hats. So I took the Prisoner over to an Alehouse, and Bunker followed. I ask'd the Prisoner how he came by the Hats? He said he had them of Bunker, and Bunker own'd the Hats to be his own. 'That he bought them in Rag-Fair for 3 s. but when they came before the Justice, Bunker own'd that they had stole the Hats aboard a Ship, and charged the Prisoner with being concern'd with him in several Robberies. But we could find none of the Prosecutors but Mr Bank, and he being sent for, he was then positive to the Prisoner, but afterwards he did not seem willing to prosecute.
+ See the Trial of Welton, &c. below.
Mr. Banks. I said, indeed, the Prisoner was a little like one of the Men that robb'd me, but I could not be so positive as to take my Oath of it.
Tho. Bunker . The Prisoner and I went from Betty's-Street (between Cannon-Street and the new Square in Rateliff Highway) in order to rob. We met the Prosecutor about 10 at Night. I told him we wanted Money, and bid him deliver. He seem'd to be surpriz'd, and order'd to make Resistance; upon which the Prisoner draw'd a Knife, and then he took ten Shillings, a half Crown, a Six-pence, and six Pennyworth of Half-pence from the Prosecutor. We took his Hat too, and three Keys, but gave them to him again. Then he went towards Sun Tavern-Fields, and we went to Bett's-Street, where meeting with * Betty Winship and Jenny Clayton, we went with them to Mr. Petty's at the Cock and Lion in King-Street, where we had two full Pots of Flip, and the Prisoner and I divided the Money. We had 6 s. 9 d. a-piece.
* See the Tryal of Winship, Clayton, &c. below.
Mr Banks. I had a half Crown and some Half-pence, besides the ten Shillings, but I saw no Knife drawn.
Court. Bunker, how came you acquainted with the Prisoner?
Bunker. Lawrence Youngblood , and Acquaintance of mine, being come from Sea, brought the Prisoner with him to my Grandfather. They took me out with them, and kept me all Night, and so next Night they draw'd me in to go a robbing with them:
The Jury acquitted the Prisoner.
Mr. Vow. On the 14th of April as Mr. Collet and I were going in a Chaise to Enfield , we were stopt a little on this Side Tottenham by the Prisoner on Horseback. He produc'd a Pistol, and demanded our Money. He first robb'd Mr. Collet, and then took 7 s. from me; but, not satisfied with our Money, he demanded our Watches. We told him we had none. He said we had, and insisted upon searching us. While we were expostulating with him, a Gentleman's Servant came riding from Tottenham. The Prisoner turn'd about, bade him stop, made him dismount, and was going to search him, when Mr. Collet stept out of the Chaise, and with the Handle of
Mr. Collet. I was going in a Chaise with Mr. Vow to my own House at Enfield, on Saturday Evening, and on this Side Tottenham, just opposite to Mr. Ambrose's Wall, the Prisoner call'd to us to stop. I drove the faster; upon which he rode up, and swore if we did not stop the Horse he'd shoot him I stopp'd, he robb'd me, and afterwards took something from Mr. Vow, and then demanded our Watches. We told him we had none. And presently - Skelton (Doctor Ward's Footman) came towards us from Tottenham. The Prisoner stopp'd him, and made him dismount, and was going to rob him, when I jump'd out of the Chaise and struck the Prisoner on the left Side of the Head with the Handle of my Whip. He reel'd, and riding by the Row of Trees near the School, I saw him fall from his Horse and run to a Ditch, where Skelton jump'd upon him. - He was not out of my Sight before he fell. - After he was taken I took off his Hat and Wig, and saw the Wound I had given him, and it look'd fresh.
- Skelton. I had been at Edmonton, and was returning, when, just on this Side Tottenham, I perceiv'd a Chaise standing still and a Man on Horseback by it. I heard him say, Give me your Watches; and when I came up closer I heard some Money chink in his-Hand. He turn'd about to me, and said, Damn ye! deliver this Minute, or you're a dead Man. He made me dismount that he might search me, and his Back being then to the Chaise, Mr. Collet stept out of the Chaise, and struck him such a Blow with his Whip, that he made him reel, and told me, if I had but given him a second Blow I might have knock'd him quite down. But I had not that Presence of Mind. The Prisoner rode into Tottenham, I mounted again and follow'd him. I saw him fall from his Horse into a Ditch hard by the two Rows of Elms. He got up again and ran into another Ditch, and endeavour'd to get over the Bank into the Field. But in Scrabbling to get up, he slipp'd down again; upon which I quitted my Horse, and he offer'd to shoot, but his Pistol missing Fire, I Jump'd into the Ditch upon him, and down he went among the Sludge.
Prisoner. When this Man came to see for me in Newgate, he charg'd another Man with the Robbery, and own'd that he only came for the sake of the Reward.
Skelton. No; but when I came to Newgate I was brought among several Thieves, and Somebody there said, What! do you come here to swear away a Man's Life for Hire? At which being frighted, as fearing some Mischief, I could not suddenly recollect whether the Prisoner was one of those present or not.
Philip Cropper . About 8 in the Evening, as I and Sam Brown were sitting at my Master (Mr. Ambrose's ) Gate, I heard a Noise at a little Distance. Somebody said, Sir! what would you have? we have given you all. And another answer'd, Your Watches. I ran out to assist, and presently I heard a Blow. I cry'd out Highwayman! and a Man on Horseback rode by me, but I could not then see his Face, for he held his Head down thus -. I suppose it was by reason of the Blow that was given him. I follow'd, and help'd to take him in the Ditch.
Prisoner. Was it Day or Night?
Cropper. It was not dark, I was about a hundred Yards off, and I could see the Chaise and a Man on Horseback.
Samuel Brown . Sitting on Mr. Ambrose's Rails with Cropper, the Gard'ner, I heard a Man say, Stop, or Stand! Hark! says I, there's a Robbery. - Presently a Gentleman said, What would you have more? you Watch got all. The first made answer, Your Watch, or Watches. Then I heard a large Blow. The Highwayman rode by, and fell into a Ditch, and getting up again ran into another, but in climbing up the Bank to get into the Field, he slipp'd back, and Skelton push'd him in and jump'd upon him
John Gibson. Coming from Page-Green I heard a Man ask for Watches; upon which I stept out of the Fort-way, and saw the Blow given to the Prisoner, while he was searching Skelton. I help'd Skelton to catch his Horse, and then he rid after the Prisoner, and cross'd the Common, and endeavour'd to take the Turning that goes to Justice
William Netherton . As I was going over the Common I heard a cry of stop Highwayman; the Prisoner rode by very hard, and would have turn'd out of the great Road into a bye-way that goes to Justice Harwood's, but there his Horse threw him into a Ditch, from whence he got out and ran into another Ditch, and we follow'd. He pull'd out a Pistol and swore, Damn ye, what wou'd you have? The first that stirs any farther is a dead Man. He snapt his Pistol, but it missing fire, Skelton jump'd upon him in the Ditch.
The Jury found him guilty of both Indictments. Death .
9. John Davis was indicted for assaulting John Sadgrove on the Highway, in the Parish of Twickenham , putting him in fear, and taking from him a steel Buckle, value one Penny, and three Shillings in Money , April 30
Robert Hinton . Being out of Business, I went to Colebrook to see for a Place, but not fixing in any, Mr. Mackrel hired me to drive one of his Waggons to London. As we went over Hounslow Heath we had three Waggons in Company; Mr. Sadgrove drove the first, Mr. Mackrel the second, and I the hindermost: There were other Waggons going the same Road, but some of them were got a pretty Way before us. Between 9 and 10 at Night the Prisoner rode up to me, and ask'd me if I belong'd to the Waggon? I told him I only drove it for Mr. Mackrel. - He then demanded my Money; I said I had none; with that he punch'd me in the Face with his Pistol and broke my Head with it, and turn'd my Pocket inside out to search, but could find no Money. I got from him once, but he fetch'd me again and beat me. I got away a second time, and ran to my Master Mackrel, and told him how I had been abus'd, and so I crept into the Waggon; I was hardly well in, when the Prisoner came riding up, and said, Damn your Blood, here I am again. Then he robb'd Mr. Mackrel, and afterwards went to Mr. Sadgrove, who was about as far before Mr. Mackrel as 'tis from hence to the Street. I can safely take my Oath that the Prisoner is the very Man that abus'd me.
Henry Mackrel . As we were driving the Waggons over Hounslow-Heath, between 9 and 10 at Night, just as Hinton had told me and William Eastman how he had been abused, a Man came galloping up to us with Pistol in Hand, and said, Damn ye, here I am again, and what then? - I left him and Eastman disputing together and went round my Horses. The Highwayman rid after me till he came so close, that one of his Horse's Feet stood upon one of mine; I ask'd him what he meant by serving me so? He demanded my Money; I gave him my Bag, which had in it two half Crowns, a Shilling, and some Halfpence. He did not meddle with my Waggon, but when he had got my Money he rode from me to Mr. Sadgrove, whose Waggon was about four Lugg* off. - I can't swear the Prisoner is the Man that robb'd me: I had no Lanthorn, and it was not light enough to see his Face, and besides I find I was mistaken as to the Colour of his Horse, for I thought he rode upon a black Horse, but others that were assaulted by the same Man, say it was a dark bay Horse. So that all I can be positive of is this, I was robb'd by
* A Pole or Perch.
Court. Hinton, are you positive that Mackrel was robb'd by the same Man that abus'd you?
Hinton. Yes, for there was no Body else went by on Horseback from the time he beat me, to the time he robb'd my Master: Afterwards indeed, a Man rid by on a grey Horse.
John Sadgrove Between 9 and 10 at Night on the 30th of April, as I was coming over Hounslow-Heath with my Waggon, I heard somebody galloping hard after me; I turn'd my Head and perceiv'd a Man upon a little serubbed Horse just behind me. Whose Waggon is this? says he. Why, says I, whose Waggon do you want? Damn ye, says he, let it be whose it will, if you don't stop it immediately, I'll shoot you thro' the Head: So I stopt my Horses, and then says he, What Passengers have ye got? Why what do you want with my Passengers? says I, Why I want their Money, says he, and damn ye I'll blow your Brains out, if you don't tumble 'em out of the Waggon-Tumble out my Passengers that I get my daily Bread by? that would be fine Work indeed! thought I to myself, so I told him I had no Passengers. Damn ye you lie, says he, - But however, give me your Money and your Bag and all. So I gave him my Bag with 3 s. in it. Now turn your Pockets, says he. I did so, but yet that did not satisfy him. For, says he, you have not so good a Hand at searching as I have; so he stopp'd down and search'd my Fob and my other Pockets himself, but he found only a steel Buckle, which he took away. He again enquir'd if had any Passengers? No, says I. You lie, you have, says he. Why then, says I, if you won't believe me, you may get off and look. And upon that he gave me a knock with his Whip, and knock'd me quite under my Horses; if they had gone forward I should have been crush'd to Pieces. Then he rode off, but he came back again presently, and giving me a cut with his Whip, told me, that if he should ever come to know that I had any Passengers that Night, I should never travel that Road again. Then he ask'd me where about the other Waggons were, I said I did not know. He told me I ly'd; and taking a Pistol out of his Pocket, he presented it towards me, and said, I have a mighty Mind to give you a Pill before I go. But he went off towards London without doing me any more Mischief. He had not been gone long before I heard a Pistol go off, upon which I concluded that he had overtaken the other Waggons. This was on the Monday Night; I got into London on Tuesday Morning, and returning thro' Kensington on Wednesday Morning I went to see the Prisoner, who was in Kensington Round-house. I told him I thought he was the Man that robb'd me: He desir'd me to do him Justice; Aye, says I, then I must hang ye; and so I went on upon my Journey and the Prisoner was sent to Newgate.
Court. How far was you from Mackrel's Waggon when you was robb'd ?
Sadgrove. His Waggon was 3 or 4 Lugg behind me; and he told me, that the same Man that robb'd me, had robb'd him and abus'd his Man but a little before.
Mackrel. Yes, the Highwayman went directly from me to Sadgrove; I heard the Blow that he gave him, and was afraid he would have murder'd him.
William Ladlow . My Master Fullbrock and I were upon the Road to London; he drove the Waggon and I the Cart; I forgot the Day and Hour, only I remember it was on a Monday Night, and the same Night that Mackrel and Sadgrove were robb'd, tho' neither I nor my Master saw any thing of those Robberies, for we were a Mile or better before Sadgrove: But as we were coming out of Hounslow, the Prisoner rode up to my Master, and shook Hands with him, and said, Honest Countryman ! How go Affair, in our Country? There was a Light in a Room pretty near us; I suppose somebody was going to Bed, and by this Light I could see the Prisoner plainly: He parted from us, and we drove forward along Smallberry Green: By and by I heard
John Fullbrook . Coming out of Hounslow the Prisoner rode up and shook Hands with me, and ask'd me what House! should drink at on Smallberry Green ? I told him, that was according as the People happened to be up, and so we parted for the present; but we had not got above a quarter of a Mile upon Smallberry-Green before he follow'd and stopp'd the Waggon. I had some Passengers, who had 4 or 5 l. among them, which they hid in the Straw, and I had Money myself. But the Prisoner neither search'd me not them, for he shot at my Man and then rode off towards London. We came to Kensington about 2, (Or something more) in the Morning. It was Just begun to be a little lightish, and there we saw the Prisoner, who was just taken by Clark the Watchman and others Both I and my Son know him again as soon as we saw him. He was in the same Dress as when he stopp'd my Waggon, for then he had no Boots, a light Coat, and a white Horse-hair Wig, and he rode a little bay Horse about 14 or 15 Hands high.
Robert Clark , Watchman in Kensington. On Tuesday Morning, between 1 and 2, I heard a Horse trampling and prancing at a Brandy Shop Door in Kensington. I went up to see who was there, and found the Prisoner sitting on a little bay Horse, and drinking Gin with a Soldier. The Newbury Coach had been robb'd but the Saturday before, and a Man then rid by me full Speed on such a Horse as I now found the Prisoner's to be. This gave me the first Suspicion that he was one of those concern'd in that Robbery, and made me take the more Notice of him. He ask'd me what a Clock it was ? I told him it wanted a quarter of Two. He pull'd out a Watch, and took the Case off to look at it. I thought by the Manner of his handling it, that he had not been much us'd to a Watch. As he put up the Watch I perceiv'd a Pistol in his Breast, and this made me conclude that he was one of the Highwaymen that robb'd the Newbury Coach, for I had not then heard of the Waggons being robb'd. So I resolv'd to get Help if I could and take him. But that he might not mistrust me I staid a little to drink with him, and then told him I was going to call up some Market People, tho', God knows my Heart, I was going for Assistance to apprehend him. I went to a Tallow Chandler's and a Baker's, and told their Men, who were at work, that there was a Highwayman at the Brandy Shop Door, and if they would assist me, we might easily take him. I hey seem'd then afraid to venture, and so I went back; but in a little while I found two of them (Paget and White ) at the Gin-shop. We drank two or three Quarterns, and then I was for taking the Prisoner, tho' they were still afraid, but I swore, - yes, I did swear, begging your Lordship's Pardon, - that now was the only Time, and so I seiz'd him, took the Pistol out of his Breast, and clapp'd it to him. He struggled and endeavoured to get his Hand to his left Pocket, and if he had done that, Gods knows, I might have been kill'd, for he had got a Pistol there, but others assisting me, we prevented farther Mischief. We had scarce well secur'd him before the Waggons came up. The Waggoners were overjoy'd to see him; and as poor People are apt to swear an Oath now and then as well as their Betters, they all swore that he was the Man that had robb'd and abus'd them.
Court. Was Mackrel there then?
Clark. Yes, and Sadgrove too, and they both swore positively and heartily that he was the Man. - As soon as ever they saw him, they cry'd, This is the Rogue that robb'd us! But they were afterwards afraid to swear
Prisoner. Yes, in saying that you saw me ride by you in Kensington on the Saturday before, for I was sick a-bed then.
Court. How was the Prisoner dress'd?
Clark. He had a white Horse-hair Wig, a light Coat, black Waistcoat and Breeches, and no Boots; I ask'd him why he rid without Boots, and he said he had worn 'em out.
William Paget . Clark the Watchman knock'd at my Master's Door about 2 a-Clock on May-day Morning, and ask'd me to go and take a Highwayman at the Brandy Shop. He said he had call'd upon Will. White too, but Will. was then lock'd in, and could not get out immediately. Clark went away and I call'd upon White, and took him with me to the Gin-shop Presently we heard Clark crying 2 a-Clock, and White call'd him in. - When we had drank together, says Clark, I'll go and seize him now, or he'll be gone. So he went to the outside of the Prisoner's Horse, clapp'd his Hand to the Prisoner's Coat, took a Pistol out of the Prisoner's Bosom, and holding it up, threaten'd to shoot him. - The Prisoner lean'd back, and went to put his left Hand to his Pocket, but I prevented him, and holding him by the Coat he fell back, and his Heels struck thro' the Brandy Man's Window. Two or three Shillings and a Six-Pence fell out of his Pocket. I kneel'd upon him to keep him down, and took a Pistol out of his Pocket. the Constable came, and then we ty'd the Prisoner's Hands and search'd him farther, and we found upon him two Handkerchiefs, a Snuff-Box, a Silver Watch, and a Pewter Watch (such as they have to please Children,) seven or eight loose Bullets, a little Powder in a Bag, a Fleam, a Silver Buckle, and a Steel Shoe-Buckle. In a quarter of an Hour three or four Waggoners came in, and swore he was the Man that robb'd 'em. The Soldier that was drinking with the Prisoner, said the Prisoner was a Gentleman, and went to push me from him, but upon my holding the Pistol to the Soldier, he march'd off.
Court. Shew that Shoe-Buckle to Sadgrove.
Sidgrove. This is the Buckle the Prisoner took from me, and here is the Fellow to it.
William White . Paget call'd me from Work to help the Watchman. I went up, and looking at the Prisoner I saw no Pistol, and so was forgoing away; but the Watchman coming in, said, he was sure that the Prisoner had a Pistol. The Man of the House said, Have a Care what you do, fo r he's a Gentleman. - The Watchman seiz'd him, took a discharg'd Pistol from his Breast, and Paget took a loaded one from his Pocket. We pull'd him back, and in falling he broke the Window with his Feet, and dropp'd some Money. The Waggoners came in, and swore Damn him, this is the Man that robb'd us, - and this is his Horse. It was a dark bay Horse, about 14 Hands high. The Prisoner had no Boots, and but one Spur.
Tho Sympson , Constable. When I came up to the Prisoner, White and Paget had just pull'd him off his Horse, and there was a Soldier, who, I believe, had a great Mind to rescue him. The Waggoners came in and said, This is the Rogue that robb'd us on Hounslow-Health and Smallberry-Green. Do you say that I am the Man? says the Prisoner. Yes, and will swear it too, said they. I ask'd him why he had abus'd the Waggoners? He said he had neither been upon Hounslow Health nor near it, not any farther on that Road than Kensington, where he then was. But upon searching him, we found, besides other Things, two Turnpike Tickets for that Day,
Prisoner. I don't know that I ever saw any of the Witnesses that have sworn against me, 't ll I saw them at Kensington.
Court. Then you did not take Fullbrook by the Hand at Hounslow ?
Prisoner. No, I saw none of them. I shall give an Account how I get my Bread. - I don't deny but I have been guilty of some Facts, but not of these that I am indicted for.
Court. What Facts?
Prisoner. That will be known when the Gentlemen that I shall call come in and give their Evidence.
William Ansell . I am an Anchor Smith . I live in St. Mary Magdalen Bermondsey. I have known the Prisoner five Years. He served his Time to a Farrier , but he work'd along with me at my Business six Months. Then he went three Years and a half Armourer in the Cadugan, an India Man. When he came back, which is two Years ago, or better, he return'd to his Work, and work'd in a very barbarous Manner.
Ansell Yes, he work'd till his Hands were so sore that he could hold it no longer.
Court. How long did he hold it?
Ansell. He work'd at our Shop three Weeks (after he came from India ) and then he went down to see his Father in Wales. He staid about a Fortnight, and then return'd to his Work, and continu'd at it constantly till within these six or seven Weeks; and he work'd very hard, and call him when you would he was always ready. I have call'd him up to Work by One or Two in the Morning (as our Business sometimes requir'd it) and he was always ready and willing. I was almost continually in his Company. I never saw him disguis'd in Liquer ; he was not at all given to drink or game, or keep ill Company, but was always very sober and sedate. We work'd at Harrison's and Duke's, Anchor-Smiths in Rotherbith.
Thomas Perriers . I am Clerk to those Anchor-Works. The Prisoner kept his Time as well as any Man in the Work, and behav'd in a very regular precise Way. But our Labour being very hard, and he being in a weak Condition, he went to India to gather Strength. - The last of his working with us was from June to the 7th of March last, and then he took Leave of the Shop, and said he was going down to his Father in Pembrokeshire, he not having Strength to hold the Business.
Richard Henderson . He behav'd very handsomely, kept his Time well, was very diligent in his Business, and never guilty of Drinking, Swearing, or keeping ill Company. He left the Work about six Weeks ago, but I can say nothing of him since that Time. He told us he was going to see his Father and Mother.
Court. But it seems he did not go. [Several other Witnesses spoke to the same Purpose.]
Prisoner. I own I did not go down to Wales. But there was a young Man, one Richard Cass , a vile Rogue, that came over with me from India, and he telling me a great many fine Stories about going upon the Highway, and I not knowing any better, was led into it.
Court. Was not Cass taken on your Information?
John Bourn . I am the Prisoner's Brother-in-Law. On his Information I took up Cass about a Month ago at the White Horse behind the 'Change, and then Cass would have sworn against my own Brother and me too, but Justice Lade would not take his Oath.
The Jury found the Prisoner guilty . Death .
10 Henry Hart , was indicted for assaulting (with William Morland and Robert Smith , not yet taken) Eliz. Kelly in a Field near the Highway, putting her in Fear, and taking from her a Blanket, value 1 s. 10 d. April 5 .
Middle-Moorfields with a Blanket that I had just bought in Grub-Street, I met four young Fellows coming up. I went on, and they turn'd back and follow'd me. The Prisoner took hold of the Blanket, and said, What have you got here? 'Tis nothing but a Blanket, says I; and with that he gave me a Blow with his Fist, and knock'd me down. I held the Blanket still, and begg'd him not to abuse me, because I was big with Child. Then let go the Blanket, says he. I was loth to lose it, and struggled to keep it as long as I could; upon which he kick'd me, and at last pull'd it from me, and then he ran one Way, and the others who stood by, ran another Way. I cry'd out, Stop Thief, and follow'd the Prisoner, and he was taken within about 30 Yards, by a Man who was coming towards me. I heard him ask the Man why he stopp'd him? and the Man said, because the Woman cry'd out.
Prisoner. As for the Blanket, you had it under your Arm when I was taken.
E. K. No, Somebody pick'd it up, and brought it to the Man that took the Prisoner; but they would not let me have it, except I would go before the Justice,
Thomas Smith . As I was walking over Moorfields, between 8 and 9 at Night, I heard the Cry of Murder! Thieves! It was a little darkish, and running towards the Noise, I met the Prisoner coming full Speed from the Woman. She was then about 30 Yards off. I stopp'd him. He cry'd, What do you want? What do you want? I told him, I beliv'd he was the Person concern'd. She soon came up, and said, he had dragg'd her along the Ground by a Blanket, and taken it from her. He had nothing when I took him, but Somebody presently brought in the Blanket, and she said it was hers. The Prisoner deny'd that he knew any thing of the Matter, and said that he was not the first Man that had been wrongfully accus'd. We carry'd him to the Flying Horse by the Watch-house, and sent for a Constable, and next Day he was carry'd before Justice Chamberlain in Spittle-Yard.
Prisoner. Had I any Stick?
Prisoner. I had been playing the Fool in throwing Stones, and hearing a Woman cry, I was afraid I had done some Mischief, and that made me run.
William Bagley . The Prisoner and I, and Will Morland and Bob Smith , went out upon Street-Robberies. We pass'd the Woman in Moorfields. Says the Prisoner, I wonder what she has got? Why, says I, nothing but a Blanket. She's big with Child, says he, and I fancy she may have Child-bed Linnen. So we follow'd her, and he went foremost, gave her a Knock with his Fist, and tripp'd her up, and said, Damn you, deliver the Blanket. She struggled to keep it, and held one End while he dragg'd her along by the other, and at last he got it from her, and ran away. He had no Stick. We stood by to watch. He was taken at one End of the Field, and I at the other, and we were both carry'd to the same House, the Flying Horse; and going next Day before Justice Chamberlain, I confess'd, and made my Information.
Prisoner. In what Robberies have I ever been concern'd with you?
Bagley. Why, don't you remember, that at the Corner of Queen-Street in Drury-Lane, you took a Hat?
Prisoner. You took one, indeed, but I was not with you, for I had miss'd you above half an Hour, and wonder'd what was become of you.
Bagley. You know we sold the Hat in Rag-Fair for 20 d. and shar'd the Money.
Prisoner. Well, and what other Robberies have I been in with you? - How long have we been acquainted?
Bagley. Why, last Easter-Monday we got drunk together, and that was the first of our Acquaintance.
Prisoner. When I was taken there were several got about me, and I insisted on being charged by a Constable, because I knew my self innocent; but they quarrell'd about who should have the Reward.
James Pilloniere . He serv'd me 3 Years, I trusted him considerably, and never found that he wrong'd me. He went from me about a Year to Mr. Mendall at the Queen's-Head in Pater-noster Row. Mr. Mendall being oblig'd to be out of Town, could not attend here. - The Prisoner has been gone from him about 5 or 6 Months.
Edmund Peacock . He liv'd with me two Years; I turn'd him over to Mr. Pilloniere ; I trusted him in the Bar to take Money, and believe he was very honest: I have heard Mr. Mendall give him a good Character.
The Jury found him Guilty . Death .
13. William Lambatch , was indicted for a Misdemeanor, for defrauding James Creed , Esq ; of 11 hundred and a half and 21 Pounds of Lead, val. 9 l. by means of a forg'd Writing, pretended to be an Order under the Hand of Thomas Crips (a Plummer at Brentford ) in these Words, Sir, Jan. 30. 1732-3 Pray deliver to the Bearer two Sheets, one of 5 l. and one of 4 l. and that will accomplish my Jobb. I shall see you in a short time. So no more from yours, Tho Crips . Guilty .
14. Charles Maccartey , was indicted for stealing a Bed, a Bolster, a Coverlet and 3 Blankets, the Goods of the Right Hon. Daniel Earl of Winchelsea . and a pair of skin Bags, the Goods of the Hon. Charles Fielding , Esq ; April 17 . Guilty .
18 Elizabeth Jenkins , was indicted for breaking and entring the House of Sarah Belcham , and stealing 84 Shirts and Shifts, and other Linnen, the Goods of several Persons, April 19 in the Night . Acquitted .
19. Thomas Adley , was indicted for breaking and entring the House of John Lear , in the Parish of St. Giles's in the Fields , and stealing 31 Brussels Lac'd Head-dresses, value 120 l. one Point-lace Cravat value 40 s. one Point-lace Pair of Ruffles value 20 s. 13 Ounces of Silver-lace value 3 l. three Yards of Velvet value 45 s. three Yards of Silk, 18 Pair of Bugle Tassels for Manteels, one striped sattin Gown, and several other Things, on the 10th of September last in the Night .
John Lear . I deal in Apparel, mercery Linnen and Lace ; my Shop is in High Holborn , near Drury-Lane. It was broke open on the 10th of September in the Night I lost 31 Suits of lac'd Headcloths, they were taken out of the 31 small Boxes that stood by the Window, but the Boxes were left behind; 7 Ounces of narrow open silver Lace, 12 Yards of broad silver Lace, and 5 Yards of narrow silver Lace, 3 Yards of black Velvet cut out for a Scarfe, and a red silk Lining for it; 18 Pair of Manteel Tassels, a sattin Gown, a Shift, an Apron, a Point-lace Neckcloth and Ruffles; 17 back Heads with Lace, 14 Suits of Nightclothes, and other Things. On the 25th of April, this back Head - 'tis new Brussels Lace, and cost me 20 Guineas - was brought to my Shop to be sold by Eliz. Eager: I presently knew it to be one of those that I had lost, and therefore enquir'd how she
Court. What Business did the Prisoner follow?
Lear. I suppose he dealt in old Cloaths , for I saw some lying upon the Floor, but he kept no publick Shop.
Mrs. Lear. On the 10th of December, between 10 and 11 at Night, we left the Shop all fast and went to Bed, and between 5 and 6 in the morning we were call'd up, and round we had been robb'd; several Holes had been bored in the Pannel of the outer Window Shutter, and then the Pannel was slit down and so taken out: A Piece of Woollen of the Colour of the Shutters was nail'd over the Hole and daub'd with Clay. Thro' this Hole they had push'd back the inner Shutters, and so taken the Goods off of two Shelves next the Window. without getting quite into the House. Behind the Counter lay the 31 empty Boxes and a Parcel of Cloaths that had been push'd down. - This Head I took out of the Prisoner's Pocket. - I'll tell ye the whole Tale presently. - I can swear to all these Goods, and to this red and white Tasse particularly.
Juryman. I think you said it was in December that your Shop was broke open.
Mrs. Lear. December, did I say? - Then I mistook. - It was in September. - On the 25th of April, Betty Eager came to our Shop with this Head to sell. - We ask'd her where she had it? Why, of Mrs. Broadhurst : We sent for Mrs. Broadhurst, she came, and told us she had it of Mrs. Slurrow. We went to Mrs. Slurrow, and she carried us to Mrs. Sanders, who keeps a Chandler's Shop and takes in Pawns. Pray, Mrs. Sanders, says I, How did you come by this lac'd Head ? Why, says she, Tom Adley desir'd me to sell it for him. And where does he live? says I. Why says she, he has often told me that he liv'd in Peter's-Street; but I sent my Maid one Day to watch him, and so I found that he liv'd in Pye Corner. So we got a Warrant and went thither, and ask'd him if he had given that Head to Mrs. Sanders. He deny'd it at first, but afterwards own'd it. Have you got any more such in the House? says I; no, says He; I had indeed more of this old fashion'd Lace, but I have sold it all. And where did you get it? says I. Why, says he, I bought it of a Gentlewoman in Rag-fair, over against the dead Wall; I had a Handkercherful of it for three Guineas. Three Guineas? says I. No, says he, now I remember, it was 3 l. 8 s. We found this pair of red Tassels in a Drawer below, andYoung Man , did not you sell me a Parcel of Lace? No not I, says the Man. We found bu this, there was nothing in the Prisoner's Pretence, and thought that by leading us about, he only wanted an Opportunity to get away; and so we carried him before a Justice, and when he came there he offer'd to make himself an Evidence, and said that he had all the Things from Mrs. Sanders. Says the Justice's Clerk, This Man was try'd not long ago for stealing a Horse.
Alice Sanders . I keep a Chandler's Shop in Great St. Anne's-Lane, Westminster; my Husband is a House-Painter. The Prisoner has known me from a Child, for my Father was a Serjeant in the Guards, and the Prisoner was then a Soldier: And so he came to see me about 3 or 4 Weeks before last Christmas. He brought a blue Bag with him, but there was nothing in it then, and he only ask'd me how I did, and the like, and so went away again. But the next time he came, he brought 9 Ells of Linnen in the Bag to sell. He ask'd 13 d. a Yard; I bid him 11 d. and at last we agreed for 9 s. 6 d for the whole. He came again a Week after with the same blue Bag, and ask'd me if I knew any Body that would buy a Suit of lac'd Headclothes. I told him I did not want myself, but I would enquire among my Acquaintance He said the Price was 18 s. and so he left 'em with me, and I afterwards sold 'em to Eliz. Grindley, a very honest Woman. She was acquainted with Houses of Fashion, and knew where to dispose of such Things, and I had no Suspicion of the Prisoner, for I knew he dealt in old Clothes, and always took him for a very honest Man. On the Friday before the 25th of April he came and told me his two Daughters were going to be pass'd to another Parish, and then he shew'd me this lac'd Head, which he said he bought of the Duchess of Richmond's Gentlewoman, and he desir'd me to dispose of it for him. He bid me ask eight Guineas. I carry'd it to Mrs. Slurrow's (while he staid in my Shop) and she bid me six Guineas. I came back to tell him, and he bid me take the Money. I went again, but she had not the Money ready, and so I laid down four Guineas and a half, which my Maid paid him before two Witnesses, and he was to call next Day for the rest of the Money; he accordingly came, but she had not paid me; he came again next Tuesday, but the Money was not ready then neither; so that he never had it, for the Affair was discover'd presently after. Mrs. Slurrow brought Mrs. Lear to me, and said, she would have the Head if she could be sure that it was honestly come by. To satisfy them, I went with them to the Prisoner's House. He was not at home, but we staid till he came in. How do you do, Mr. Adley? says I. This Gentlewoman would buy the Head you left with me to dispose of, but she's scrupulous about its being honestly come by. Who are you ? says he, I don't know you, I never saw you in my Life before. I was surpris'd at this, but when they told him they had got a Search-warrant, he own'd that he gave me a Head, but he said he did not know it again. However, at last he confess'd, that that was the very Head he had left with me. This other lac'd Head I had got Betty Grindley to felt. Mrs. Lear went with me to Grindley's to enquire after it, and she had sold it to Mrs. Dell, a Gentlewoman of the Town, in Westminster. Mrs. Dell had pawn'd it to Robert Ward , and at his House we found it.
Mrs. Lear. Hear's another lac'd Head that was unwash'd when I lost it.
Mrs. Lear. And I found it upon Madam Murray, but neither she not the 'Squire are willing to appear here. - These lac'd Ends of a Neckcloth were my Lord London-derry's.
Mrs. Lear. This is my Velvet. There was three Yards of it. I found it at Mrs. Sander's House.
A. Sanders. I bought this Velvet of the Prisoner for 26 s. 6 d. I reckon there was but two Yards and three Quarters. I bought this Sattin Gown of him too, for I produc'd it to Mrs. Lear, tho' she knew nothing of my having it.
Prisoner. What did I allow you for selling these Things, as you say?
A. Sanders. Nothing.
Prisoner. That must be hard indeed.
A. Sanders. You spent your Money at my House for what you wanted. You did not say at first that you had them from a Man, but from a Gentlewoman, and that you gave 'em me to dispose of.
Mr. Lear. Mrs. Sanders told me at first, that she had 'em from Adley, who liv'd in Pye-Corner ; she said, he had told her he liv'd in Peter's-Street. She shew'd me the Sattin Gown and the Velvet freely, and I knew nothing of her having the Gown before she produc'd it; and she told me, that Grindley was gone over the Water with two Suits to sell.
Eliz. Grindley. I had this lac'd Suit from Mrs. Sanders, and I sold it to Mrs. Waters at the Golden-Ball in York-Buildings. Mrs. Sanders, indeed, told me at first, that this lac'd Suit came from a Woman of her Acquaintance, who was kept by a Gentleman. But about six Weeks ago the Prisoner being in Mrs. Sander's House, he told me, that she had the lac'd Heads from him.
Court. How came he to say that to you?
Grindley. Why, I being a Laundress, have sometimes an Opportunity of selling such kind of Things, and I had sold several for Mrs. Sanders. Now, you must know, that now and then I happen to get a little merry, as any other Body may do, and then I say any thing that comes uppermost; so coming into Mrs. Sanders's House in one of these merry Fits, there was she and the Prisoner, a sitting by the Fire; and says Mrs Sanders to me, This is the old Man that I have had all the lac'd Heads from. Ay, says I, and pray, old Gentleman, how do you come by such Things? Why, I'll tell you, says he, my Daughter lives with a Woman that is kept by a Jew in the Minories, and this Jew gives his Mistress these Things for Pocket Money, and she sends them to me by my Daughter to sell for her, and so I bring them to Mrs. Sanders. And so Mrs. Sanders gave 'em to me to dispose of 'em as well as I could; and this Head I sold to Madam Dell, a Town Lady, for three Guineas, and this to Mrs. Martin, who keeps Martin's Coffee-house at Charing-Cross. I was bid to ask six Guineas for it. Mrs. Clapham, at the Golden-Anchor, bid me two Guineas; I try'd at some other Shops, and at last I let Mrs. Martin have it for three Guineas and a half. I sold her another Head afterwards.
Mrs. Lear. And that, Mrs. Martin sold again to a Jew; but we cannot yet produce it.
Mrs. Martin. I bought two Heads of Mrs. Grindley, one of them I sold * to Mr. Bray, a young Gentleman, who said he bought it for a Present. - This is very like it.
* For Twelve Guineas.
Mrs. Lear. Like it? Why, is it not the very same? Did not he make a Present of it to Mrs. Murray ? and did not I find it upon Mrs. Murray ?
Prisoner to Grindley. Did you never say that you sold those two Heads at a Brandy Shop? now you swear you sold 'em at a Coffee-house.
Mrs. Martin. I let the lower Floor of my House for 25 l. a Year, to Mr. Capstick, a Distiller. Mrs. Grindley, it seems, brought this Head to Mrs. Capstick, who shew'd it to me, and ask'd my Advice about it, whether it would make a Suit of Head-clothes for her. It was cut and mangled, and very dirty. I told her there would be many Joinings in it, and therefore I thought it was fitter for a Back-head than a Suit [for a Suit has four Lappets, and a Back-head but two.] Then she said she would not buy it, and ask'd me if I thought I could dispose of it for an Acquaintance of hers. What is she? says I. A very honest Woman, says Mrs. Capstick; I know her very well, her Husband runs Goods. This Woman (which was Mrs. Grindley ) came in, and I ask'd her whose Head it was? and she said it belong'd to a Cap woman who had it from her Cull. How came it to be cut so? says I. Why, says she again, she's a very maggotly Creature, and she cut it when she was drunk. I bid Money for it then, but she refus'd it and went away. She came three or four times afterwards, and at last I bought it, and some Time after, I bought another of her; she came at several other Times with other Heads, but I did not buy any more than those two.
Anne Wildon . I lodge in Mrs. Sanders's House. I was sitting in her Shop about Christmas last, when the Prisoner came in with a Bag under his Arm. He pull'd a Band-box out of his Bag and unty'd it, and shew'd Mrs. Sanders a Parcel of Tassels, and said to her, I have got these Tassels to sell, do you know any Body that will buy them? No, says she, except this young Woman, (meaning me) for she has liv'd with an Old-Clothes Woman, and may know how to dispose of them. Then he told me he'd give me 6 d. to sell 'em for him. I took them from him, and he bid me ask 2 s. a Pair for the large, and 18 d. for the small ones. These are the same, I can swear.
Mrs. Lear. And these mourning Tassels I found in the Prisoner's Drawer.
A Wilden. I went to the Gentlewoman's House, where I had been a Servant, and she said they were a perfect Drug, and that she would not give 2 s. for 'em all. I have seen the Prisoner several times at Mrs. Sander's House, and have seen her give him Money, both Gold and Silver. I have known her from a Child; she's as honest a Woman as ever liv'd, and her Husband bears a very good Character.
Prisoner. These were Sander's Tassels ; she took 'em in for a Pawn, and I had them originally from her; she desir'd me to sell them, and when I found I could not, I return'd them to her.
Mary Cutton , Sanders's Maid. The Prisoner came into my Mistress's Shop, and sat down in the great Chair and pull'd out some Head-clothes, and ask'd her if she could not be so good as to sell them for him. My Mistress would have had me to have gone, but he desir'd her to go herself; for he said it was a lac'd Suit that he had from the Duchess of Richmond's, and would have her ask eight Guineas for it. I have seen my Mistress pay him Money several times, and once she gave me in the Yard four Guineas and a half for him, and I carry'd it in and paid it to him.
William Parr . Alice Sanders is my Daughter. I have known the Prisoner 23 Years; I was his Serjeant 10 Years. He uses to deal in several Things new and old, and hawk Goods about the Street. One Day, when I was at my Daughter's, he came into the Entry, and deliver'd a Suit of lac'd Head-clothes to some Woman there, but I can't say who she was, for I did not take much Notice.
James Desan . When the Prisoner was in Newgate he sent a Letter to me to come to him, and I went. - Says he, If Mrs. Sanders don't come down with the Crop, I'll make a blue Day of it, for I had all the Goods from her. Can you have the Face, says I, to say that you did not deliver them to her? Why not, says he, when she has us'd me so barbarously as to bring a Constable to search my House? But what would you have a poor Woman do, says I, when the Goods were brought to her, and found upon her? Do? says he, why, she might have sent for me, and I would
Prisoner. When the Search-warrant came to my House, Mrs. Sanders took me aside, and said, For God's sake don't say that you had the Things from me. But I told her, then I must tell a Lye to deny it, and my Conscience would not let me do that.
Mrs. Lear. He was at first so far from pretending that he had them from her, that he said he did not know her.
Prisoner. I had them all from her, and what I could not sell I always return'd, and the lac'd Heads were of so high a Price that I could never sell them.
Court. Prove what you say.
Prisoner. 'Tis in Hardship that I want Witnesses to prove it, and she took Care I should have none; for when she had any Thing to deliver to me, she us'd to send her Maid up Stairs to make the Beds; but I can prove that she ask'd the Gentlewoman what she should swear.
George Mason . I went to see the Prisoner in Wood-street Compter, and as he was going before Justice Brocas, Mrs. Sanders came up to me in a very great Surprize and Flutter, and said, Lord, Sir, what shall I do? What Course shall I take? What can you advise me to? What shall I say? What shall I swear?
Court. Was you acquainted with her?
Mason. No, I never saw her in my Life before.
Court. 'Tis very odd that a Woman should express herself in such a manner, to a Man who was an intire Stranger to her. - What are you, Sir?
Mason. I keep a Chandler's Shop and a Brandy-shop in Aldersgate-street. - I have known the Prisoner a Year, and sometimes we have drank together, and I never saw but he behav'd himself well.
James Desan . This Man was in the Compter with the Prisoner, and advis'd him to be an Evidence; and he, (as well as the Prisoner) said, If Sanders won't come down, by God, he was pleas'd to take God's Name in vain, we'll make a blue Day of it.
Ann Adley . While Mr. Lear and his Wife and the Constable were searching my Father's House, Mrs. Sanders whisper'd to me, and said, For God's sake don't own that your Father had any thing to sell for me.
Court. Would you rather save Sanders than your Father?
A. A. No, to be sure, I would rather save my Father?
Court. Then, when your Father was in so much Danger, why did you, at the Request of Mrs. Sanders, conceal a Thing that might have done him Service?
A. A. I did speak of it.
A. A. Three Days after.
C. And why not sooner?
A. A. I was in a Fright, and did not know what to do. - I have seen my Father bring home lac'd Heads, and he told me that he had 'em from Mrs. Sanders to sell for her.
C. That won't do. Did you ever see her deliver any to him?
A. A. No.
C. Then what he told von signifies nothing.
Dorothy Coleman , at the Red-Lion by Hicks's-Hall. I have known him between 20 and 30 Years a very honest Man. He buys and sells second-hand Things. He has sold Goods for me.
The Jury acquitted him of the Burglary, and found him guilty of the Felony to the value of 39 s.
Samuel Barret . I keep a Publick House , the Angel in Half Moon Court in Whitechappel . Yesterday morning, before I and my Wife were up, there being only a Servant Girl below, I heard a Man come in and call for a Pint of Beer; it being a Stranger's Voice, I whipp'd up my Stockings and Breeches, and stepping to the Stairs-head, I look'd down and saw the Prisoner go to the Bar, take up a China Punch Bowl, and put it under his blue great Coat. My Girl came up with the Beer, and I presently went down. When he had drank his Pint he was going out very orderly; but I stopp'd him at the Door, and told him it was not kindly done of him to carry off my Punch Bowl. What do you mean? says he, I am the King's Officer, I have had an Information that you keep run China in your House; and I have Authority to search and take it where I find it. - Here's my Deputation. I ask'd him if he had a Deputation to go a Thieving, and not finding that he had, I carried him before a Justice, and the Justice committed him to Newgate.
Prisoner. I belong to the King, and to prove it, I have got my Deputation ready to produce. - Here it is. Then the Deputation was read. 'Tis dated Octo. 24, 1728. It impowers the Bearer, having a Constable and a Writ of Assistance, to enter Houses in the Day-time, and seize Goods prohibited, or for which the Custom has not been paid.
Prisoner. I have had several Informations of Tea and China being carry'd to the Prosecutor's House, and had no less than three when I went thither Yesterday to search.
Court. Had you any Constable or Writ of Assistance?
Prisoner. No, I can't say that I had.
Court. Who gave you the Informations?
Prisoner. I must beg your Pardon there, Sir, we that are the King's Officers must never discover Informe rs.
Court. Is it usual for you Officers to enter Houses and search 'em without a Constable or a Writ of Assistance, or without so much as telling the People your Business?
E. Walter. No.
The Jury found him Guilty .
Eleanor Jones . Between 12 and 1 at Night, as I was going along near Newport-market , the Prisoner came and ask'd me which Way I was a going; I said homewards; he ask'd me to go home with him, but I said no, and then he snatch'd off my Pocket-apron and ran away; I cry'd stop Thief and he was taken. I had nothing in my Pocket but 3 d. half-penny, and some Tricks.
Court. What Tricks?
E. J. Your Hocus Pocus Things to shew Tricks with.
Ralph Reno , Watchman. The Prisoner walk'd slowly by me in Grafton street. The Woman came up and said he had robb'd her. I follow'd him to Newport-market and took him. - He's a Cocker, and she plays at Cups and Balls. The Justice sent her to Tothill-Fields Bridewell, to secure her till she came hither to give Evidence.
Court. What Justice was that?
Reno. Justice. -
Court. He went beyond his Authority then; He ought to have known better.
E. J. No, he only snatch'd my Pocket, and that surpriz'd me a little, but he did not beat me, nor hurt me, nor threaten to do me and Mischief.
Court. Then the Prisoner cannot be guilty of this Indictment. You may if you will indict him again for Felony.
E. J. I did not desire to indict him at all as long as I got my Pocket again. I have suffer'd enough already by being kept in Bridewell, and now the Watchman will carry me back again, and keep me for my Fees.
Court. They must not do that. - Do you hear [To the Watch.] Take this Woman to the Justice that committed her, and let him discharge her directly. - He has done more already than he can answer.
The Jury acquitted the Prisoner.
The principal Evidence against them was William Fidzar , an Accomplice, who depos'd that himself, James Jackson , the Prisoner, and John Taylor , who was lately transported, met at a notorious House in George Alley by the Ditchside, and from thence went and broke into the Cellar-window of Mr. Nash's empty House (by the Ditchside) and stole the Lead, which they sold to one Green, who lives over against the Crooked-billet Alehouse, at the End of the Street that goes from Clare-market. That another time he and the two Prisoners met at an Ale-house in Black-boy Alley in Chick-lane, from whence they went into Gray's-Inn Lane , and got into Mr. Fleckneli's House, and stole the Lead which they likewise so'd to Green.
The Jury acquitted Crab Jack of the first Indictment, and found James Jackson guilty , and found them both guilty of the second Indictment .
25. Anne Inott , was indicted for a Misdemeanor, in conspiring with Thomas Hicks on the first of September last, to cause Thomas Nichols to bear the Charge of keeping her and two Children born of her Body, by procuring a false Entry to be made in a Book in the Fleet, pretended to contain Entries of Marriages in February 1725, in these Words. Thomas Nichols , Bat. * of Weatherby in Yorkshire, and Anne Inott of Abberley in Worcestershire - I Starke . +. Whereas the said Tho Nichols did not in February 1725, nor at any other Time, marry the said Anne Inott .
* Batchelor .
+ The Parson.
Anne Hodgkins . I live in Fleet-Lane , and keep Register Books of Marriages. My Husband has bought several Registers, and several Ministers Books. The Prisoner and Thomas Hicks came to my House to search for the Entry of Thomas Nichols and Anne Inott , but I could find no such Names; she said she was going into the Country next Day by the Waggon, and wanted a Certificate to shew her Friends, and she beg'd of me to let her have one to save her poor Children from perishing. I told her I could not do any such Thing: - But at last I was over persuaded by her and Hicks, and let her have a Certificate, and entered it in the Book.
Court. And did you do so wickedly?
Hodgkins. Ah, my Lord! If you had but heard how she beg'd and pray'd and cry'd, I am sure you would have had some Compassion for the poor Creature.
Court. And what did she give you for this Jobb?
Hodgkins. Why, for searching the Books, and for the Certificate and Entry, I think I had 3 half Crowns.
Court. Have you the Book here?
Hodgkins. No, the Attorney has it, I expect he will bring it immediately.
Hodgkins. I am very sorry, my Lord, for what I have done, I humbly ask Pardon, and hope you'll excuse this one Fault. I never did any such Thing in my Life before, and never will again. And indeed I had not done it now, but that she said it would keep her poor Children from perishing, and I did not know there was any Sin in it.
The Jury acquitted the Prisoner.
Whiting was the Prosecutor's Servant ; she confess'd to her Master and Mistress that she took the Money out of their Drawers, by the Persuasion of Butler, who, she said, waited the while in the next Room, and that she give it all to him, he having promis'd to marry her. Butler was carry'd before the Justice, who took his Confession in writing. The Justice neither attending in Court himself, nor sending any other to prove the Confession, Butler was acquitted ; but Whiting having made a Confession before she came to the Justice, the Jury found her guilty to the value of 39 s
30, 31, 32 Edward Taylor , John Smithson, alias Smitton , and Joseph Phillis , were indicted for assaulting John Violene on the Highway, putting him in Fear, and taking from him a Hat, value 6 s. April 3 .
John Violone . I ave noting to say to de Preesonars, but von day lass mont, I tink it vas de tree day of April, I vas to go home to mine house by St. Ann Shurch. It vas vary dark in de night, and dare vas von or two men, and so soon as I go cross de street, von take old of mine hat and pull me down, and den von nock me down upon de arm vid a great stick, and I taut mine arm vas broke, da take ava mine hat, but da do noting else, for so soon as I cry murder, de people put de candale in de street, and de teef run ava, and no body cash 'em till two week; and den de Coonstauble come and fesh me to de Shustice, and dare da tell ame I muss prosecute. I no tink of such a ting as prosecute, but da put it in mine head. Vell, I say, I vas rob, I lose mine hat, srs hour, sis time, but it vas dark night, and I no see oo take it avay, dat vas all I can tell.
Prisoners. How many were there in Company?
J. V. I no see dat; von pull me down by de hat; and von nock mine arm.
Prisoners. What a Clock was it?
J. V. Vat a Clock? It vas af an hour pass alaven.
Tho Whithy . Between 11 and 12 at Night I knock'd the Gentleman down in Newport-street , and when he was down, Smition took his Hat. The Gentleman got up and cry'd, O mon chapean! O mon chapean! The Watch hearing him, came forward, and we ran away
Court. Was he knock'd down after his Hat was taken or before?
Whithy His Hat was taken after he was knockt in the Kennel; there was no Blow given after he was down.
Court. The Prosecutor swears he was pull'd down by the Hat, and that he receiv'd the Blow afterwards - , What did the other two Prisoners do?
Whithy. They stood by to watch. Taylor had a Stick, but Phillis had none.
Prisoner. Where were we first acquainted together?
Whithy. In Bridewell. The Night before the Robbery we all lay in the Sand-house by Marybone Bason. We spent the next Day in the Fields, and in the Evening we came
Smithson. Have you any Witnesses of that?
Whithy. I sent thither, but no Body would own it. Phillis confess'd this Fact before Justice De Veil, and to Thomas Clark , the Watchman; and Smitton and Taylor were both Evidences, last Sessions but one, against Andrew Curd and William West *.
* See Sessions Paper, Numb. III. Page 67.
Thomas Thomas , Constable. On the 19th of April between 12 and 1 in the Morning, Whitby was brought in by the Watch, as a loose vagrant Person. They found him loitering about Soho Square. He was carried before Justice De Veil, who told him, that Thomas Stricket had laid an Information against him, but was gone off. Upon hearing this, Whitby inform'd against the Prisoners, and was admitted an Evidence. We found Taylor at his Mother's Room in Bull-Court in the Strand; Phillis at Mrs. Sole's, a Lodging House in Tyburn Road; and Smithson in St. Martin's Work-house.
Whitby. When I made my Information, did not I subscribe the Prosecutor's Cloaths to you?
Court. The most that can be inferr'd from your giving a Description of the Prosecutor, is, that you yourself was concern'd in the Robbery.
Tho Clark , Watchman. I took Whitby in Soho, and by his Information I found Phillis in Tyburn Road. I ask'd him if he was concern'd with Whithy and the Prisoners in robbing the Frenchman of his Hat, and he said, yes?
Smithson. I was sick when the Robbery was done.
Taylor. And I was sick too.
Phillis. And I have nothing to say for my self, for I know nothing of the Fact.
The Jury acquitted them.
John Frazier . I lost my Cot oot o' my Shop in Oarange Court in St. Martin's Pairish ; the Cot was o'noo greet vailue. I ken no' whaw tuck it awaw, for I wonno' ken any on em an I see em; but Maister Meeler, the Constable chairged me to appear before the Court at Hicks's Hall, and there i said I loss my Cot, and that was aw that I kend o' the Maiter.
Whitby. On the 24th of Jan. about 10 at Night, the Prisoners and I going a thieving, we came to the Prosecutor's Shop, and no Body being in it, Smition and I stood at the Door to watch, while Taylor went in and stole a great red rug Coat. We sold it to Andrew Curd (who was lately hang'd) for a Shilling and half a Pint of Gin. We divided the Money, and had a Groat a-piece.
The Jury acquitted them.
Thomas Whithy . I and the Prisoners met at the Crooked Billet in Brown's Gardens, and from thence we went to the French Change at the Corner of Brown's Gardens. I lifted up the Sash and took out the Gown, and Smithson took the Petticoat. We lay all Night at Mrs. Church's, over against St. Giles's Church, and next Morning Stricket and Smitton pawn'd 'em in Drury-Lane for 4 s. and we had each 1 s. a-piece + . Stricket was taken up first, and inform'd against us, but he ran away from his Information, and I being taken next was admitted an Evidence.
+ How could that be?
The Jury acquitted them.
Samuel Ellis , was indicted for stealing a silver Guard of a Gun , the Property of John Halfhide , March 28 . No Evidence. Acquitted .
35. Richard Page , was indicted for stealing two Pieces of Silk and Worsted, two Pieces of Silk and Cotton, two Pieces of Holland, 33 Handkerchiefs and other Things , the Goods of Thomas Butler , November 10 . No Evidence. Acquitted .
Mrs. Hulman. Hearing that the Constable had taken the Prisoner, I went to the Ale-house where they were. The Prisoner told me, she never saw the Prosecutor before the last Thursday. I ask'd how she came to see him then, Why, says she, I was sitting upon the Steps at St. Clement's Church, and he spoke very kindly to me, and ask'd me, where I liv'd? I cry'd, and told him, I was run away from my Mother, who was a Basket Woman, and I had got the Itch. He said he won'd advise me how to get rid of the Itch, and ask'd me if I would go with him to clean his Rooms?
John Hamlin . The Prisoner and another came to me in Drury-lane, offer'd these two Shirts to pawn. She said she liv'd at St. Giles's Pound, and that her Landlady kept a Rag-shop. I bid her fetch her Landlady to justify what she said. She went out, but return'd again in a little time without her Landlady. Upon which, I sent for a Constable, who took her on Suspicion.
Mrs. Holman, again. I made this Shirt for the Prosecutor. I know it by my Work.
John Dun . This looks like one of my Shirts, but it has no Mark, and one Shirt may be like another. - Its against my Will to prosecute, and I beg the Prisoner may have all the Indulgence the Law will allow.
Elizabeth Syddal . The Prisoner and her Mother liv'd with me a Year. I have often trusted the Prisoner with my Pocket Apron, and with my Drawers when they have been open, and she always prov'd honest to me.
Eliz. Cook. She's a poor honest Body. I have employ'd her this 12 month to carry home Clothes that I wash, and she never wrong'd me of a Far hing.
Ann Mills . The Prisoner is my Daughter. She did a Fault in going from me one Day, and then she met the Prosecutor, who entic'd her to go to his Rooms, under Pretence of cleaning them, but when she came there he had neither Mop, nor Broom, nor Pail; and when I talk'd with him about it, says he, I can't swear that the Things are mine, but the Constable has perswaded her to say that I dehauch'd her; and if I did, I am sure no Body did it before me, and she was not the first that I have serv'd so by a hundred. My Character is so well known, that I am not asham'd of lying with any Body.
The Jury acquitted her.
The Council open'd, that in Feb. 1729, Slowcock made a Lease of his Brew-house and Dwelling-house, and assign'd over his Brewing Trade and Utensils for five Years to Jonathan Ford ; for which, besides other Money, Ford was to pay him 40 s. a Week out of the Profits of the Brewing Trade: After this a Commission of Bankruptcy was issued against Slowcock, and at his Instance a Commission of Bankruptcy was taken out against Ford. When Ford heard of it, he apply'd regularly to the Lord Chancellor for superseding the Commission. The Lord Chancellor appointed a Day for hearing Ford's Petition, and Notice was given to both Sides to appear with their Assidavis. They met, and the Indictment sets forth, that Slowcock then did falsly swear that Ford did never pay him one Farthing of the said 40 s. a Week, or any other Money in pursuance of the said Agreement.John Ford , or by his Order, the Jury acquitted Oliver Slowcock .
40. Philip Thomas , was indicted for stealing with - Booth and Mary Jarvis , not yet taken, two Gowns value 40 s. a Petticoat, three Shirts, two Mobs, and two Handkerchiefs, the Goods of Philip Walker , in his House , April 28 . Guilty 39 s.
41, 42, 43. Thomas Jones , otherwise Jonas , was a second time indicted, and Thomas Welton , Elizabeth Winship and Jane Clayton , were indicted for stealing a Woollen Tilt, value 26 s. the Goods of Tho. Collier , April 13 .
Tho Bunker . The Prisoners and I finding a Boat at Church-Yard Alley, between 10 and 11 at Night, we went in and row'd to Hungerford Stairs, and seeing a Tilt there, I went into the Boat where it was, and took it off the Bails. Jones took it from me and gave it to Welton, and he gave it to the two Women who cover'd themselves with it, and so we carry'd it home.
Court. Did you go all together with a Design to steal a Tilt?
Bunker. Yes, we said we'd go and get a Tilt to lye upon, for we had no Beds, and were forc'd to lye on the bare Boards; and when we had got it, we carry'd it to our Room up two Pair of Stairs in Betts's Street, and there we lay all together. - Jones and I went next Day to see for a Chap for it, but could not meet with one, and we were taken up three Days afterwards, for offering to sell two Hats in Rag-Fair.
T. Jones. He brought the Tilt when I was a-bed in this young Woman's Room.
Eliz. Winship . I was sitting up to wind Silk, while two Men lay on my Bed, and at 11 at Night Bunker came up with the Tilt, and I beat him down again; I had Occasion to go out in the Morning, and I found him lying in the Tilt on the Stairs. I had no Lock to my Door, and when I came back I found the Tilt in my Room.
Bunker. They're a couple of lying Toads; they had neither Bed nor Rug, and we all lay in the Tilt together.
Three Witnesses appear'd for Welton; they depos'd that he had been a Chairman , and ply'd at Charing-Cross, and that at other Times he work'd as Coal-heaver , till four or five Days before he was taken up.
The Jury acquitted them.
Matthew Cusworth . The Prisoner is a Tyre-Woman ; she came to cut my Child's Hair, and so I invited her to Dinner. - My Snuff-Box, (which Mr. Vanderess had pawn'd to me) lay upon the Table, and when she was gone it was missing. She was afterwards taken up for going into a House at Charing-Cross, with a Design to steal the Goods, and being carry'd before Justice De Veil, Word was sent to me, and I went. I tax'd her with it, and she deny'd it stiffly, but being search'd it was found in her Bosom.
Prisoner. It is a Shame for a Woman to own it, but he gave me the Box for Body Corporation, when his Sister went out after Dinner.
Court. You hear what she says.
Mat. Cusworth. I never touch'd her Garment.
The Jury found her guilty to the value of 10 d.
Received Sentence of Death 3.
Burnt in the Hand.
Sarah Sanders , Robert Bamber , Bridget Reading , Eliz Lee , Mary Ramshaw , Charles Maccarty , Tho Neal , Tho Adley , B - J - Mary Knight , James Jackson , Michael Metcalf , Mary Whiting , Mary King , Jack Crab Masterman , Susan White , Philip Thomas , Mary Orrick , and Eliz Lugg .
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