Wednesday the 11th, Thursday the 12th, and Friday the 13th of October 1732, in the Sixth Year of His MAJESTY's Reign.
Printed for J. ROBERTS, at the Oxford-Arms in Warwick-Lane. M,DCC,XXXII.
(Price Six Pence.)
BEFORE the Right Honourable Sir FRANCIS CHILD , Knt. Lord Mayor of the City of London; the Right Honourable the Lord Chief Justice Raymond; the Honourable Mr. Justice Denton; Mr. Serjeant Urlin, Deputy-Recorder of the City of London; and others of His Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer for the City of London, and Justices of Goal-Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City and County of Middlesex.
Thomas Cox . I was employ'd to watch some Logwood on Porters-Key . On the 23d of September, between 7 and 8 at Night, I took the Prisoner with this Stick of Logwood in his Hand. I call'd for Help, and some of the Porters belonging to the Keys came to my Assistance. A Constable was call'd, and the Prisoner was carried to the Roundhouse.
Prisoner. Was I carrying the Logwood off, or only standing by the Pile?
Cox. He was standing by the Pile, and his Knot was lying on his Foot. I had miss'd Logwood twice before, and therefore I had rectified the Pile, and taken Notice how the Sticks Lay, so that I can be sure that the Stick the Prisoner had in his Hand was taken off the top of the Pile.
I had been with a Load from Stocks-Market to Tower-Wharf, and coming back over the Keys, I stopt at the Pile of Logwood to make Water. One of the Sticks fell against me, upon which I took it up to put it in its Place again, and while I had it in my Hand, Cox came and charged me with stealing it. The Jury acquitted him.
George Bond. Between 4 and 5 in the Afternoon the prisoner came to my Shop, and ask'd for a pair of blue grey Stockings, I shew'd her a Paper in which there were just a dozen pair. She then wanted a different Colour. I turned about and took down another Paper. We did not agree about the Price. She went out, but came in again before I had put up the Stockings, and desir'd to see another pair. I observed her to double up one pair that lay on the Counter. I turn'd about again to reach another Parcel. She look'd over several, but not liking the Price she went away a second time. I miss'd 2 pair; I went after her, brought her back, found one pair in her Bosom, and another pair in the Lining of her Gown. She own'd that one of the Pairs was mine, but said that she bought the other pair at another Hosiers.
Prisoner. I cheapen'd 2 pair of Stockings, the Prosecutor ask'd me 5 s. 6 d. I bid him 5 s. and took out the Money and laid it on the Counter, but am not sure whether he took it up or no. The Jury found her guilty to the Value of 10 d.
Ephraim Ellock . The Prisoner came into Mr. Major (a Barber)'s Shop in Bishopsgate-street , between 3 and 4 a Clock; he complain'd of the Strangury, and went backwards into the Yard. I suppose at that time he put the Wig into his Breeches. He soon came back and stood talking in the Shop about a Quarter of an Hour, and then went away. I mist
- Horn. I bought the Wig of the Prisoner on the 11th of September, towards the Evening; he said, he had it to sell for a Gentleman's Servant. He ask'd a Guinea and a half, I bid him 25 s. and a Shilling for himself; he said he would have half a Pint of Winethen, and so we agreed. I did not mistrust him, because I had known him a pretty while. He gets his Bread by making up Wigs, and I have bought a great many of him, and took him to be a very honest Man. So that when Mr. Major's Man came in and said the Wig was stolen, you must needs think I was very much surpriz'd, and wonder'd how the Devil came to put it into the Prisoner's Head.
Prisoner. I found the Wig. The Jury found him guilty to the Value of 4 s. 10 d.
E. Newsham. About a Month ago, betwixt 6 and 7 at Night, I bought the Grate of the Prisoner for 2 s. he told me 'twas his own, and I did not doubt it, for he was my Neighbour, and had the Character of an honest Man.
Prisoner. Coming late from Work I found this Grate near the Dust-hole, going into Postern-Row on Tower-hill.
John Ayres . The Prisoner is a Ticket-Porter , he has work'd for me at the Waterside near 5 Years; he has been intrusted in landing and housing Merchants Goods both by Day and Night, and I never heard any Complaints of him.
John Lane. I have known him 12 or 14 Years, I was bound for his Honesty; I don't believe he would be guilty of so mean an Action.
Other Witnesses gave him a very good Character, and the Jury acquitted him.
Mary Hobbs . The Prisoner was my Fellow-Servant at Mr. Blandy's, a Tobacconist, on Breadstreet-hill ; I had leave to go out on Friday Afternoon, and when I return'd in the Evening my Mistress was gone to Epsom. Next Morning I miss'd my Headcloaths out of my Box; I suspected the Prisoner, and I took her before Alderman Brocas; she deny'd it at first, but as she was going to the Compter, she pull'd the Headcloaths out of her Pocket, and put them into my Hand. Guilty 10 d.
Joanna Lewis. I keep a Shop in the Great Ambry [Almonry] Westminster ; I desir'd a Woman to watch my Door while I went Upstairs, I had not been gone up long, when it seems the Prisoner came to this Woman, and ask'd her if she had any Check; upon which the Woman call'd me down, but before I came the Prisoner was gone, and had taken this Piece of Check with her. She was pursued, and brought back in less than a Quarter of an Hour, with the Goods upon her.
Jane Gregoire . As I was standing at my own Shop Door, I saw the Prisoner go up to a Woman at the Prosecutor's Door, and ask her if she had any Checks? The Woman said she did not know, but would call the Mistress of the Shop, and so she went in, and the Prisoner after her, and in a Moment the Prisoner came out again, and run away with the Check I sent 2 Boys after her, and follow'd my self, and kept my Eye on her till she was taken.
The Jury found her guilty to the Value of 4 s. 10 d.
Chare and it was found upon the Prisoner in less than a Quarter of an Hour afterwards.
Court. Was the Prisoner in your Company?
Alexander. I think it was the that brought me Victuals and Drink.
Court. Did you sit in a publick Room?
Alexander. I think so. It was such a Place as People sit in to eat their Victuals.
Court. Was no Body else near you?
Alexander. None but she and her Landlady.
Court. Did not you and the Prisoner go into that House together ?
Alexander. No; I was there before she came in.
Court. How long?
Alexander. Two or three Minutes. I stay'd there above an Hour, and then she went away, and as soon as she was gone I miss'd my Watch. It was a Silver Watch in a sort of a Fish-skin Case, studded with Silver.
Mary Peirce . The Prisoner was carried to the Watch-house, and I being at the Watch-house Door was called in, and she gave me this Watch, and told me that the Prosecutor had left it with her in pledge for a Crown.
Daniel Peirce . As I was sitting with my Barrow of Oysters in Smithfield, the Prisoner came to me, and said, my Wife wanted me, and I must go. I told her, no Body should make me go to my Wife. Why, say she, I'll tell you what it's about; I have nail'd a Watch, and I shall make my self for ever, if I can find any Body that I can trust to dispose of it for me.
Court. What did you think she meant by nailing?
Peirce. I don't understand those Newgate Words.
Court. Keeper! Can you inform the Court?
Keeper. Not I, my Lord, but I believe some of our People can. I'll ask. Here's one says it signifies stealing.*
* Nailing, is likewise used metaphorically to signify, securing, taking-hold-of, or apprehending. e.g. Tom Beck says of John Davison, He told me himself that Peter Buck was nail'd out of his Company. Vide, Sessions Paper, Numb. 4. pag. 104.
Peirce. I told her I would have nothing to do with it, and so she went away, and presently after, her Landlady came and told me, that Betty ( the Prisoner) had wrong'd a Man of a Watch.
Elizabeth Burker , the Landlady. The Prosecutor came into my House, and the Prisoner follow'd him in 2 or 3 Minutes; he said, he wanted something to eat. I told him I had cold Flank Beet, or hot Leg of Beef. He chose Leg of Beef; he stay'd about an Hour, or something better, and then she went out. As soon as she was gone, he said he had lost his Watch, and so he went to the Door, and call'd out Watch! Watch!
John Masters , Watchman. I was call'd to take the Prisoner out of a House where she was gone to. The Prosecutor charged me with her, and I carried her down before the Constable, and there I left her safe.
Prisoner. As I was going along Smithfield with a ha'perth of Plumb-pudding in my Hand, the Prosecutor came up, and ask'd me to give him a bit? With all my Heart, says I, and so I did. Well, says he, since you are so civil, I'll make you drink; and so he took me to a Gin-shop, and gave me a Quartern of Brandy; then, says he, I don't much like this Liquor, but if you'll go somewhere else, I'll treat you with a Mug of Ale. And so I carried him to my Landlady's; there she stands. And there he gave me a Shilling to lye with me. I told him, I would not do it for a Shilling. Well, says he, I'll give you a Crown then; but as I have not so much about me, I'll leave you my Watch in Pledge till I bring you the Money, and so he did. Then I went to Mary Peirce , and told her of it, and she proffer'd to sell it for me, if I would let her have half the Money; but I told her no, I would keep it longer to see if the Gentleman wou'd come to redeem it. As for Mary Peirce and her Husband too, they both return'd from Transportation but last Christmas.
Prosecutor. When I was with the Prisoner in the Watch-house, she swore bitterly that she never saw my Watch.
John Astley . Yes; she swore she knew nothing of it, tho' she had then given it to Mary Peirce , and Mary Peirce had deliver'd it to me.
Court to the Prosecutor. Did you give the Prisoner a Shilling?
Prosecutor. Yes, I did.
Court. For what?
Prosecutor. Upon Condition as she said it was customly to give a Woman a Shilling upon such an Account.
Court. And did not she insist upon a Crown?
Prosecutor. No. The Jury found her guilty to the Value of 10 d.
9. John Cantrell , of St. Martin's in the Fields , was indicted for stealing a Cloth Coat, Value 5 s. the Goods of Thomas Coleman , and a Shirt, Value 5 s. the Goods of John Randall , Sept. 28 Guilty 10 d.
Duncan Macqueen. I am an Attorney ; the Prisoner had been my Servant for about 6 Weeks, I mist 17 Books, I suspected the Prisoner, and examin'd him. He deny'd that he knew any thing of 'em. I was resolv'd to search some Booksellers-shops, and the first I went to was Mr. Charles Marsh 's, at the End of the Street where I live; I enquir'd for some Law Books, and among others he shew'd me these five, which are part of those I lost. Here's Brown on Fines; Brown's Practice of th e Exchequer; Retorna Brevium ; The Compleat Sheriff ; and Nelson's Lex Maneviorum . I told Mr. Marsh that those Books were stolen from me, and ask'd him whom he had them from? He describ'd the Prisoner, I took him home to my House, and as soon as he saw the Prisoner, he said, that's the Man. The Prisoner then confess'd he had taken 'em, but said he was driven to Necessity, and intended as soon as possible to raise Money and fetch them again.
Prisoner. I told Mr. Marsh that I sold 'em for your use, and the Money I got for them was laid out in Necessaries for your House; you know that you sent me to pawn a Silver Seal at the Chandler's-Shop, for no Body would trust you for a Penny; and you have since moved off your Goods by Night.
Macqueen. As for pawning the Seal and moving off by Night, you say true, for I was got into but indifferent Circumstances.
Prisoner, And when I was before Justice De Veil, you trod upon my Toes, and whisper'd me, that if I would say no more, you would be easy.
Macqueen. I was tender of you, as you had been a House-keeper, and lived in good repute.
Charles Marsh . When Mr. Macqueen brought me to his House, the Prisoner told me, that he had sold other Books to Mr. Millan at Charing-Cross; we went to Mr. Millan's, and found one Book which the Prisoner said he had sold to him. From thence we went to the Anchor and Vine at Charing-Cross; Macqueen then said, that the Prisoner might go about his Business, for he would not prosecute him, and so the Prisoner was discharged. When he was gone, Macqueen threatened to prosecute me for receiving stolen Goods. He sent a Girl on some Message to his Wife, and when the Girl return'd, he ask'd her, who let her in, and she describ'd the Prisoner. I told him I thought it was very strange, that he should still harbour a Man whom he pretended had robb'd him. He said, if I would get his Books from Mr. Millan's, I should come to no harm; I told him I would not trust to that, and so I got a Constable, went to his House, and apprehended the Prisoner. The Jury acquitted him.
12, 13. John Turner and Thomas Evershet , of St. James's Westminster , were indicted for stealing 4 Brass Locks, value 4 l. 4 Keys, value 2 s. 16 Brass Screws, value 2 s. and 4 Brass Box Staples, value 2 s. the Goods of Borlace Webb , Esq ; in his House , Sept. 19 .
John Young . I keep a Coffee-House in Malborough-Street, in St. James's. Mr. Webb had a House to be Lett, in Great-Marlborough-Street , and lost the Care of it to me. The Prisoner Turner came and told me, that he wanted to see the House, for a Gentleman of his Acquaintance having a mind to take one thereabouts. I told him the Painters were at work there, and they would let him see it.
William Londall . I and my Son-in-law were doing the Painter's work in Mr. Webb's Back-house. There's a Garden betwixt the Back-house and the Fore-house. The 2 Prisoners came and desired to see the Fore-house, I told 'em they might go in, and they went; but soon after they were gone, says I to my Son, I have something comes upon my Mind, that these are not honest Men, is there any thing loose about the House that they can take away? There's nothing, says he, but the Brass Locks that lie in the Window. So I went after them, but they were gone; I saw the Chain was taken off the Street-Door. I presently open'd the Door, and looking out, I saw them both running down the Street. I call'd to my Son, he jump'd down from a Scaffold 12 Foot high, and came running to me. He look'd in the Window, and by God, says he, they have got the Locks! we pursu'd them to Tyburn-Road, crying out, stop Theif! stop Red-Coat and Blue-Coat. They run hard, and at the turning a Corner, they dropt a Bag with the Locks in it, and were soon after taken.
Joseph Holdsworth . I and my Father-in-law, pursu'd them down Poland-Street, in Tyburn-Road. They run into Chappel-Street, and just as they had turn'd the Corner, I heard the Locks fall. I cry'd stop Thief, and Turner was stopp'd by Mr. Stanton, who was drinking at the George Alehouse Door , in Chappel-Street. Eversbet run down a Coach-Yard, and hid himself. We found 2 Brass-Locks on the Dunghill, and his Red-Coat was lying upon the Little-House. After some search we found him in a Hay-Loft.
The Defence of the Prisoners.
Prisoners. We are Painters by Trade, and went to see the House, and while we were in it, some People coming by, and reading the Bill at the Door, they desir'd to see it too. We told them they might and welcome, for it would not do for us, and so we let 'em in, and left them there.
The Jury found them Guilty to the value of 4 s. 10 d. each.
14, 15, 16. Elizabeth Yates , Henry Richardson , and Isaac Coxen , of Islington , were indicted, Yates for stealing with Abigal Freeman , not yet taken, a Linen Wallet, value 6 s. and 21 pair of Stockings, value 40 s. the Goods of John Harris , June 10 , and Richardson and Coxon for receiving (with Joseph Matthews not yet taken) the said Goods, knowing them to be stolen .
John Harris , I sell Stockings about the Country. I had been at Barnet-Market, and coming towards London, along with a Cloth-man, we call'd in at a Brandy-Shop in Islington , and drank a Quartern of Brandy together. Betty Yates , and her Sister Abigal Freeman liv'd next Door to this Shop. They owed me 7 s. and being so near I thought I might as well call for my Money. And so I parted with the Cloth-man, and taking my Wallet of Stockings with me, I went in. They pretended to be over-joy'd to see me, and Abigal bid her Sister Betty go for a full Pot of Beer; may, says I, if you send for one Pot, I will send for another, and so we had 2 Pots. It was then between 10 and 11 at Night, and being so late I drank once, and but once, and would go to London; so I went down Stairs, and out of Doors, and the 2 Women follow'd. When I was got about 10 Yards from the House, they laid hold of me, and said, that I should go no farther, for fear I should be robb'd, or come to some Mischief. I told them I would go, and they said again, that I should not, and so they took away my Wallet, and carry'd it in a Doors; I follow'd them, they bolted the Door as soon as I came in, and then they went up Stairs with my Goods, and I after them.
Court. Did they use any Violence, or threaten you when they took your Wallet?
Harris. No; I was not afraid of the Women; but when I came up and ask'd for my Goods, great Harry said, If I made a Noise there he would do me a Mischief. He ha.
Court. Who is great Harry?
Court. Who else was there?
Court. There was Joseph Matthews , who is out upon Bail; Samuel Sneesby , who is not yet indicted, because he was taken up since the rest; Abigal Freeman, but she's gone off, the Prisoner Betty Yates , and the Baker.
Court. What Baker?
Coxon. Was I in the Room then?
Harris. I don't know whether you was there then or no; but I found you there afterwards when I came up again with the Constable.
Court. Was there any light in the Room?
Harris. There was no Candle, but there was a little Glimpse of Day-Light.
Court. What was in your Wallet when the Women took it away?
Harris. I had a large Parcel of Stockings, I can't remember how many Pair; but I can be positive to 7 Pair of fine Hose in particular, which stood me in 4 s. 6 d. a Pair prime cost.
Court. Were your Goods in the Room when you first went up?
Harris. Yes; but they were soon thrown out of the Window; and I never set Eyes on any of them afterwards, except these a Pair and an odd one, which were pick'd up near the House by the Watchman, and this Fellow to the odd One, which Sneeshy had sold. I call'd to the Woman below, and said, I was robb'd, and wanted some Body to fetch a Constable; but she could not go out, because her Husband was sick a-Bed, and had no Body but her to look after him; so I went down my self, and before I got out, I heard 2 Men jump out of the Window. The Woman open'd the Street Door, and I went out and stood there with my Knife in my Hand, and swore I would stick the next Man that came out of the Door or the Window; and there I staid till the Watch came up, which was at 2 in the Morning.
Benjamin Foxley , Watchman. As I was beating 2 a-Clock, I heard the Prosecutor call, Watch! Watch! I went to him and he said, he had been robb'd by 2 Women, and some Men above Stairs, and wanted a Constable, I told him the Constable was gone home, and he must take care of them himself, so I left him; but as I was going along beating the Hour, I found 2 pair of Stockings and an odd one in the Road, about 50 Yards from the House. Then I thought the Man had been robb'd in good earnest; so I went and call'd the Constable, and when we came up we found them, the Prisoner Betty Yates , her Sister Nab Freeman , Joseph Matthews , who was in Bed, and the Baker, he at the Bar there, the least of the 2 Men; I don't know his Name. These are the Stockings that I found.
Harris. These are some of the Stockings that I lost; and here's the Fellow to the odd one that Sneeshy sold for a pennyworth of Bread and Cheese, and a ha'porth of Small Beer, as he was going to Deptford.
William Nicholson , Beadle. The Watchman call'd me at 11, but he not having a proper Officer, I refused to obey; and about 2 he came again with the Constable, and then I got up. We took the 2 Women, and 2 of the Men, the Hemp-dresser and the Baker; but Sneeshy and the Prisoner Richardson had got off; however we took Richardson in less than 2 Hours afterwards. For he coming again to the House, to enquire what was become of his Companions, a Woman told us of it, and we went and took him. He swore, damn him, he would not go to Jail, for he never was in a Jail in his life; and indeed he had like to have been too hard for us, but my Dog kept him under. Mr. Sorrow, the Constable, would have been here, but poor Man, he's gone aside, he's under a Colour, and can't appear.
The Prisoners Defence.
Elizabeth Yates. I hope he has nothing to lay to my Charge, for what I did was only out of kindness to take care of his Goods.
Henry Richardson. I had been drinking at the King's-Head, in Islington, and from thence I went to Betty Yates 's, and there I found the Prosecutor drinking with the 2 Women and 2 Men, so suddled, that he could neither go no
Prosecutor. It was you and Sneesby that jumpt out at Window.
Richardson. Did you see us?
Prosecutor. No; but I left you both above, and you got out while I went down Stairs, I watch'd at the Door till I came up again with the Constable, and then you were both gone; as for being drunk, I had drank but one Pot of Beer, and part of a Quartern of Gin before I came there.
The Jury acquitted the Prisoners.
John Harris . The two Women took away my Wallet, and carry'd it up Stairs. P follow'd, and there I found the Prisoner, and Richardson and Matthews. The Prisoner, and Richardson escaped out at Window, and I could never find who the Prisoner was till last Sessions; we took up Matthews, and he told us where to find him. The Prisoner confess'd that he had sold 2 pair of Stockings, and an odd one, as he was going to Deptford. I ask'd him how he came by them? He said, when he got out of Window, he jump'd upon them, and some others, which he took up and carry'd off; but he dropt some of them in the Road.
Foxly, Watchman. As the Prisoner was going to the Round House, he confess'd to me, that Betty-Yates turn'd him out of the Window, and shew'd him the way over the Wall, where she had thrown the Stockings ; and told him, if he did not go that way, the Constable and Watch would meet him; that he got over the Wall, and stept on several pair of Stockings, which he took up, but drop'd some of them in going along, and the Remainder which was 2 pair and an odd one he sold to a Woman at Deptford. I shew'd him these other 2 pair of Stockings and an odd one, which I found in Islington Road, and he said, that he believ'd these were the same that he drop'd. This odd one that I found, and this odd one which he sold at Deptford are Fellows.
Prisoner. I was drinking at the King's-Head in Islington with Long Harry, and he went and fetch'd Betty Yates , and after we had staid some time together, she asked us to go up to her Room, and so we went; and when we came there, the Prosecutor and Abby Freeman were lying upon the Bed together. Long Harry ask'd me to spend a Penny, which I agreed to, and then I and Harry went to Bed together. Then Abigal Freeman got off the Bed where she was lying with the Prosecutor, and went down Stairs. He got up soon after, and came to me, and swore he had been robb'd, and would secure us all, and so he went down Stairs. Betty Yates then came up, and I said to her, sure you han't robb'd him. She told me, if I would be safe, I must get out of Window, and so I did; but I was afterwards taken from my work, at Mr. Francis's Shop, a Hatter in Newtoner's-Lane.
Harris. I neither was on the Bed nor in a Chair, for I did not stay a Quarter of an Hour in the Room, but went down Stairs, they had secur'd the Door, but the Woman below open'd it for me, and told me, that 2 of the Men were getting out of the Window; and I stood with my Penknise in my Hand, to keep the rest from going the same way.
Edward Lobb and William Lobb . We heard the Prosecutor say, that he never saw the Prisoner till he was taken up, and that was 10 Weeks after the Fact. Several Witnesses gave the Prisoner the Character of an honest, civil, sober Man. Acquitted .
18, 19. Abigal Freeman , and Joseph Matthews , were indicted, she for stealing a Wallet and 21 pair of Stockings , the Goods of John Harris , and he for receiving the same, knowing them to be stolen , June 10 .Harry Richardson , Sam Sneeshy, and the Prisoner, but I knew none of them; but I saw my Goods no more, for they were thrown out at Window, as Sam Sneeshy told me afterwards. I desir'd the Woman to let me have my Goods again, and they and the Men said, so I should if I would stay till Morning.
Court. Did not you behave your self in a friendly Way with the Woman, without making any Complaints of being robb'd?
Harris. No farther than to ask for my Goods, for I am sure I never buss'd her Lips, nor took her by the Hand, nor touch'd her Flesh any where else. I did not stay there a Quarter of an Hour, but went down and staid watching without the Door 3 Hours, from a 11 till 2.
Nicholson, the Beadle. We found the Prisoners and Betty Yates in the Room together, and soon after we saw Coxon there too. We ask'd the Prosecutor which of'em he charged? and he said, All. So we carry'd them to the Cage, and about 4 a-Clock the same Morning we met Richardson. He begun to rifle at me, and swore damn him, he would not go with us to the Cage; but however we made him, and as soon as Abigal saw him, she cry'd, and said, this is all along of you, if you had not jump'd out of Window, we had never been brought hither.
The Prisoners Defence.
Abigal Freeman. The Prosecutor came about Dusk. I was undressing my self in order to go to Bed. He sent for one Pot, and I sent for another. We sat drinking about an Hour and a Half, it was then near 10 a Clock; we went to the Chandler's-Shop for a Dram ; he was very much suddled, and my Husband not being at home, I desir'd him to stay all Night and lie in my Bed, and I would lie with my Sister. So I got him Upstairs. Coxon and Richardson lodg'd at my House, Richardson and the Prosecutor join'd together for a full Pot of Two-penny; I left 'em drinking, and went to see a Neighbour who was not well. I return'd about 11 and went to Bed, and knew no more of the matter till about 3 in the Morning, when I was waked by the Prosecutor.
Joseph Matthews . Going along Islington a Saturday Night I met Betty Yates ; 'tis very dark young Man, says she, pray be so kind as to see me home. I went with her, and when we came to the Door she invited me in, but I told her it was late, and I could not stay. I am sorry for that, says she, but when shall I see you again to make you amends for your Civility in taking care of me? To-Morrow's Sunday, sure you'll have some time to spare then. I told her I was engag'd. The n come on Monday, says she. I promiss'd her I would, and so on Monday Evening I went to the King's Head Alehouse in Islington, and sent for her. She came, and after we had staid there sometime, I told her I wanted a Lodging; she said I might lye at her Sister's; I agreed, and when we came thither, the Prosecutor was lying upon the Bed with Abigal.
Abigal. He never was a-bed with me that I know of, for I was fast asleep.
Court. Was not you at all upon the Bed with Abigal? [to the Prosecutor.]
Harris. No; I did not so much as sit with her, but just while we were drinking.
The Jury acquitted the Prisoners.
The Prosecutor Frederick Feckner being called, did not appear, whereupon the Prisoner deliver'd an Affidavit into Court, testifying that the Prosecutor had been personally serv'd with Notice of Tryal. The Affidavit was read, and the Prosecutor again call'd for, who not appearing, the Jury acquitted her , and the Court ordered the Prosecutor's Recognizance to be Estreated.
Jasper Smith. I am a Tallowchandler , John Barret was my Journeyman ; I went to Bed between 10 and 11, and left him at Work; between 12 and 1 I was call'd up by Mr. Beard, the Constable, who told me, that one of the Watchmen had stopt a Woman with some Tallow, which he believ'd was mine. I went to the Watch-house, and found my Man's Wife (the other Prisoner) there. I examin'd her how she came by the Tallow, and she said, This is your Tallow, and my Husband gave it me out of your Cellar.
There being no Evidence against the Man, and the Woman acting in Obedience to her Husband, the Jury acquitted them both.
28. Catherine Sanders , of St. Dunstans in the West , was indicted for stealing 7 Holland Shirts, Value 10 l. 10 s. 7 Neckcloths, Value 17 s. 6 d. 4 Silk Handkerchiefs, Value 4 s. 3 Silver Spoons, Value 15 s. a Dimitty Waistcoat, Value 5 s. 3 Shaving Cloths, Value 7 s. 6 d. and 1 pair of Sheets, Value 20 s. the Goods of Nicholas Harding , Esq ; in his House , September 16 .
Mr. Harding. I employ'd the Prisoner as a Chairwoman at my Chambers in the Middle Temple ; I miss'd several odd Things, but did not immediately suspect her. It happen'd one Day that I had not a Shirt to put on, tho' I had bought 7 new ones which cost me about 30 s. a-piece but 3 Weeks before. I examin'd her about it, and she told me, some were soul, and others were at Washing. This put me upon a farther Search, not one of these 7 Shirts was to be found. A large Silver Spoon and 2 Tea-spoons, several Neck-cloths, Handkerchiefs, and other Things were missing. Next Morning when she came up to light my Fire, I tax'd her closely; she fell on her Knees, and said, for God Sake don't ruin me! I ask'd her what she had done with my Shirts, my Neckcloths, my Handkerchiefs and Spoons? She said, they were at pawn, and that her Husband had tempted her to carry them, and if I would forgive her, she would confess more Things than I knew of.
Prisoner. Did not you deliver me the Shirts to wash?
Mr. Harding. No; I never order'd you either to wash, or to get wash'd any Shirts since those 7 were made.
Mr. Nelthorp, Constable. By Mr. Harding's Order I went with her to Jarvis's the Pawn-brokers on Newstreet-hill to fetch out 4 Shirts. I carried 2 Guineas for that Purpose, but understanding when I came thither, that there was a Silver Spoon likewise in pawn, and the 2 Guineas not being sufficient to fetch that out too, the Prisoner pawn'd her own Gold Ring to redeem it. These are the 4 Shirts, they were deliver'd to me by Jarvis in the Prisoner's Presence, and by her Direction.
Mr. Harding. And these 4 Shirts are para of those I lost.
Nelthorp. She own'd too, that she had pawn'd four of Mr. Harding's Neckcloths and 2 of his Shaving Cloths in Black-Fryars; but she said, she could not remember at what House it was. This white Callico Waistcoat was deliver'd me Yesterday Morning ( without paying for) by Jarvis. The Prisoner said; she did not remember where she had pawn'd it, but he happen'd to find it enter'd in his Books to her Name.
Edmund Weller , the Prosecutor's Servant. The Prisoner own'd to me that she took the Shirts, and 2 or 3 Shaving Cloths, and some Towels, and pawn'd them; and she said, that, her Husband came and beat her, and took a Shirt and a black Suit of my Master's Cloaths, and put them on, and went away with them.
Prisoner. Did not Mr. Harding deliver me the Shirts to wash?
Prisoner. Did he not give me 1 Shirt to get the Ink out of it?
Weller. No; there was 1 Shirt indeed that had been ink'd, and my Master gave it me to get the Ink out, and I spoke to you about it, but did not deliver it to you: Besides, you said you knew of several other Things that had not yet been miss'd, but that you would not name them till they were miss'd, and when they were, you said, you would not disown them.
Prisoner. He pretends I took a couple of Tea-spoons too, because when I was cleaning the Plate, I said I could not find them.
Weller. When I ask'd her for the Tea-spoons, she said, she had put them in her Pocket, and carry'd them home.
Prisoner. The Day before the Spoons were missing we had had Peas for Dinner, and the Spoons were then in Use; and some of his Companions came to see him at Night ( as they often did when my Master was out of the way) and he treated them with a Bottle of my Master's Wine, and they were as likely to take the Spoons as any Body else.
Mr. Harding. When I ask'd her what was become of the Spoons, I did not name any Spoon in particular, but spoke in general Terms, and she told me they were in pawn.
Prisoner. Did I own that I stole them?
Mr. Harding. You confess'd that you had taken them away and pawn'd them.
Mr. Burker. When Mr. Harding examin'd the Prisoner about his Shirts, Towels, and other Things that he had lost, she said, if you'll have Patience I'll tell you. where they are. I have pawn'd 'em, I am sorry for it, and ask your Pardon, but it was a Rogue of a Husband that persuaded me to it.
Prisoner. While I was in the Compter, I was swell'd up with the Poison that my Husband gave me, so that I miscarry'd and was like to dye; and being in this Condition I sent to the Prosecutor, desiring him to let me have my Wages, but he sent me Word back, that he would stop it on Account of the Shirts.
Mr. Harding. She indeed sent to me for her Wages, which was not then due, and she having wrong'd me so much, I thought I had no Reason to send it.
Prisoner. I had some Witnesses here Yesterday, but now they are gone.
Court. You was call'd up to take your Tryal Yesterday, but then you desir'd it might be put off till to Day, because your Witnesses were not come.
Prisoner. No; my Husband and I were called up together, and it was he that desired his Tryal might be put off, because he had not got all the Witnesses that he had hired to swear for him.
The Jury found her guilty of the Indictment. Death .
Mary Bellady . Charles Smith is my Fellow-Servant; my Mistress being out of Town, he brought the Prisoner into the House to sing, and kept her all Night; she went away in the Morning, and took my Gown with her, for it was found upon her Back at Night; and then she said, that Smith gave it to her, but afterwards she own'd that she took it.
Charles Smith. I am one of the Waiters at the Royal Bagnio in St. James's-Street ; the Prisoner used to sing at our Door, and my Mistress used to give her Six-pence or a Shilling. One Night she came when it rain'd, and I call'd her in, and gave her Victuals and Beer, and Brandy, and then she and I went to Bed together. She got up before me in the Morning, and went away with my Buckles and Snuff-Box; I found her at Night in a Brandy shop in Wychstreet, and so she was sent
Prisoner. He ask'd me to take a Pinch of Snuff out of his Box, I said it was a pretty Box; he told me it was at my Service, and so made me a Present of it. He gave me the Gown too; for he said, the Waiter that was the Owner of it, ow'd him more Money than that Gown was worth.
John Randall . I heard the Prisoner confess in New-Prison, that she had robb'd him while he was asleep, and that afterwards she took the Candle and went down Stairs, and robb'd the Maids too; and that she pawn'd his Buckles at John Noon 's in Stanhope-street.
The Jury found her guilty of both Indictments to the Value of 10 d. each .
34, 35, 36. Edward Sutton , aged 15, James Mason , aged 12, and William Abraham , aged 11, of St. Pauls Shadwell , were indicted for breaking and entring the House of William Brain , and stealing 10b. of Tobacco, Value 10 s. Sept. 15 . between the Hours of 1 and 2 in the Night .
William Brian . Between 1 and 2 in the Morning the Watchman call'd me up, and said my Cellar-door was open. I came down and found Sutton in my Cellar, and a Bag (which was not mine) upon the Cellar-stairs with about 10 lb. of Tobacco in it, and I miss'd such a Quantity out of one of my Casks.
Court. Are you sure the Cellar-door was made fast when you went to Bed?
Brian. No; but when Sutton was carried before Justice James, he confess'd that he and the other 2 Prisoners thrust back the 2 Bolts with a Knife, and so got the Shutter open; and that they had attempted it twice before, but could not do it.
Court. What Sutton said may affect himself, but not the other 2 Prisoners.
The Jury acquitted Mason and Abraham, and found Sutton guilty of Felony only .
They were a second time indicted for breaking and entring the House of Thomas Blackmore , and stealing a Gown, an Apron, a pair of Bodice, a Stomacher, a Silk Hood, a Pocket, a Knife, a Fan, a Handkerchief, 3 Mobs, 2 Stockings, and 2 Shoes, the Goods of Thomas Blackmore ; and a Waistcoat, 3 Aprons, a Gown, 2 Petticoats, 2 Shoes, and 2 Stockings, the Goods of Edward Sheppard , August 1 . about the Hour of one in the Night . And.
Elizabeth Blackmore . I live in Shakesby's-Walk . I went to Bed about 11, and waking about 3 in the Morning, I found the Door and Window open, and all my Cloaths were taken away. So having no Cloaths to put on, I went out into Shakesby-Walk with nothing in the World on but my Shift, and then I met two Gentlemen, and they said I was mad; and so I went in again without finding the Thieves, but they were taken afterwards upon another. Account, and then they confest this Robbery.
Thomas Ovington . When Sutton was taken in Mr. Brian's Cellar, he confest, that he, James Mason , and Will Abraham help'd him to break that Cellar-Window open, upon which I took them up. Abraham and Mason own'd that they stood to watch, while Sutton got into Blackmore's Window, and handed out a Box and a Trunk, which they carried to Pembroke's, and there they open'd them, and Sutton gave the Bodice to Elizabeth Brooks , and sold a pair of Childrens Shoes for 4 d. Upon this I got a Warrant for Brooks and Pembroke ; I found Brooks a-bed. She was very unwilling to get up, but when she did, she put on these Bodice. I ask'd her where Pembroke was, and she told me, if I went to a Gin-shop hard-by I should find her; but the Boys having told
E. Blackmore. This Handkerchief, and these Bodice, are the same that I lost.
Ovington. Sutton told me, that when they stole any Goods they used to bring them to his Grandmother Pembroke, and that when he neglected to do so, she would beat him, and say, Sirral, why don't you bring me Goods as you used to do? How do you think I can maintain you in Idleness ?
Court. Did Sutton confess any thing of this Fact?
Ovington. No, he was in Newgate when the other two Boys confess'd. The Jury acquitted all the Prisoners.
40. Richard Marshall , of Clerkenwell , was indicted for breaking and entring the House of Henry Carey , and stealing 1 Silver Spoon, value 9 s. 5 Brass Candlesticks, val. 5 s. 14 Pewter Plates, val. 10 s. 2 Pewter Dishes, val. 5 s. 2 Swords, a Coffee-pot, a Tea-Kettle, a Pestle and Mortar, a Pewter Pint-pot, a Pewter Cover, a Copper-pot 2 Sheets, a Table-cloth, a Horn Box, 3 pair of Shoes, a Ham, and 6 Pounds of Cheese, the Goods of Henry Carey ; 5 Shifts, and 6 Aprons, the Goods of Mary Chapman ; an Apron, and a Bermudes Hat, the Goods of Henry Harrison ; and a Hat, the Goods of Thomas Halwell , Sept. 6 . about the Hour of 2 in the Night . And,
41. 42. Mary Horsenail , alias Marshall , and Amy Mason , alias Griffin , were indicted, Marshall for receiving a Table cloth, a Pestle and Mortar, a Horn Box, 2 Sheets, 4 Candlesticks, a Hat, and a Bermudas Hat ; and Griffin for receiving 3 pair of Shoes, an Apron, a Silver Spoon, and 6 Pounds of Cheese, knowing them to be stolen .
Henry Carey . My House was broke open on Wednesday the 27th of September, between the Hours of 12 and 4 in the Morning. The Entrance was made at a Back Cellar-window, which I left fast at Night, but found the Grate wrench'd open in the Morning. This Window leads into the Kitchen, from whence my Goods were taken. I recollected, as well as I could, what Particulars were lost, drew up an Advertisement, and went directly to Goldsmith's Hall, and got a sufficient Number of them printed and dispersed about the Town, by 10 a Clock the same Morning.
Court. What Goods did you lose?
Mr. Carey. Here is one of the Advertisements with the Particulars in it.*
* On Wednesday, the 27th of this Inst. September, 1732. Mr. Carey's House in Dorrington-street, Cold-Bath Fields, near Sir John Oldcastle's, was broke open this Morning, and there was stolen from thence one Silver Spoon, with an Arm and Sword for the Crest, the Mouth a little worn. One Pair of large Brass Candlesticks in a Kind of Square or Diamond Cut. One Pair of small ones, with square Bottoms. One large odd one, with round Knobs. One Copper Coffee-Pot. One large Tea-Kettle, both clean scower'd. Two Pewter Dishes, one a little melted on the Side. One Pewter Pint Pot. One Dozen of Pewter Plates, all marked either with HCE or the Arm and Sword aforesaid. One Soop Plate a little melted on the Side. One Water Plate, with a Cover to it. Four Shifes, one mark'd at the Breast with M.C. Four white Aprons, and three colour'd ones. One Pair of Sheets, one Flaxen, the other Irish Cloth mildew'd at one End. If offer'd to be pawn'd or sold, you are desired to stop them and the Party, and give Notice as above, and you shall have three Guineas Reward. P.S. They took likewise one Mourning Sword, one Lacquer'd Sword, one Boy's Hat; a salted Ham, quite white, and just hung up to dry; also a small Leg in pickle. A Bermudas Hat lin'd with red Silk, a narrow Brim, and Hat-band curiously wrought with Bugles and Silk. A small Pestle and Mortar. A Copper-pot, &c.
Court. You may refresh your Memory by looking on it, but it is not to be read in Evidence.
Mr. Carrey. I lost a Silver Spoon, 5 Pair of Brass Candlesticks, a Copper Coffee-pot, a Tea-Kettle, 2 Pewter Dishes, 14 Plates, one of them was a Water plate, 4 Shifts, 7 Aprons, a Pait of Sheets, 2 Swords, a Boy's Hat, a falted Ham, a Leg of Pork in Pickle, a Bermudas Hat, a Pestle and Mortar, a Copper-pot, and some other Things; and I offer'd 3 Guineas Reward forAmy Mason , offer'd to sell him. Mason, alias Davis, alias Griffith, being taken, and ca rried before Justice Robe, she impeach'd Marshall and his Wife, the 2 other Prisoners. Marshall's Wife said she had the Goods of John Griffin, alias King John , who goes for Mason's Husband. I immediately published fresh Advertisements + for Apprehending him, with a Reward of 2 Guineas on his being secured, and 3 more on his Conviction. He was taken by Mr. Parker, to whom I paid the 2 Guineas as promised. King John immediately confess'd this Fact, and that he and Marshal had robbed Justice Robe too, about 2 Year ago
+ London, September 30, 1732. Whereas John Griffin, alias King John , a Blacksmith by Trade, has been concern'd with Others (now in Custody) in breaking open the House of Henry Carey , and robbing him of Houshold Goods, &c. which said Griffin is a short, square, well-set Man, about Thirty-five Years of Age, much pitted with the Small-pox, round Vizage, his Hair short, thick, and curling, of a very dark Brown, his common Apparel a striped Flanel Waistcoat, and a Leather-Apron; if he wears a Coat, which is seldom, 'tis generally a Snuff-colour'd Camblet, and for the most Part open and unbutton'd, but he has several Disguises; sometimes he appears like a Countryman, a Sailor, a Butcher, &c. Whoever Apprehends the said John Griffin , shall receive Five Guineas Reward, two upon Surrender, and the remaining Three on Conviction, to be paid by me, at my House in Dorrington-street, Cold-Bath-Fields.
N.B. He was seen Yesterday, neatly Drest, in a new Suit of Light-colour'd Cloth, or Drugget. If taken in the Country, reasonable Charges shall be allow'd.
Mr. Carey. He at first deny'd, that he knew any thing of the Matter; and then he said, that he had the spoon of Amy Davis ; and she said, she had it of him. We found several of the Goods at his House, and some of them were brought in after the first Search was made; for upon the second Search, I found my two Swords in a Cupboard, which I had examin'd very strictly the first Time. We found this Iron Hand-crow too, with which Griffin confess'd, that he and Marshall wrench'd open the Grate of my Cellar-window.
Richard Askew . Amy Mason brought this Silver Spoon to my Shop to sell, and the Crest answering the Advertisement, I examin'd her where she had it? She said, it was her Mother's, and she had it 3 Years. I asked her Name, and where she liv'd. She said, her Name was Amy Mason , and she lived at Cow-cross, and that my Neighbour, Mr. Swain, knew her. I went with her to Mr. Swain's, and he said, he knew her Name was Mason, that she lived at Cow-cross, and that her Husband was a Barber. Upon hearing this, I did not secure her; but I went however to Mr. Carey, who owned the Spoon.
R. Marshall. Was not Griffin with her when she brought the Spoon?
Askew. There was a Man who stood at the Door, but I don't know who he was.
King John. Dick Marshall and I went out between 11 and 12, on Tuesday Night, and just as the Watch had gone 12, we came to Mr. Carey's House; we wrenched the Wooden Bat of the Cellar-window, and forced open the 2 Bolts, and risted the Kitchen. Marshall took this Silver Spoon out of the Cupboard.
Court. How do ye know it is the same Spoon?
John. By this Mark.
Court. Did you look on it, when he first took it?
John. No, not till we came home. We went away with as many Things as we could carry, and then came again; and going up one Pair of Stairs, I turned the Brass Thing of the Door about, and a Woman called out, Who's there? And so we made off, and left 2 Brass Candlesticks, and a Piece of Hung Beef ; and I went to Bed, but Dick Marshall went again, and fetch'd the Candlesticks, and the Hung Beef , and a Leg of Pork, and we boiled the Pork next Day.
Court. How do you know that he went for these Things?
Court. What else did you take?
John. A Box of Linen, a Copper Coffee-pot, a Tea-pot, 4 Brass Candlesticks, 2 Pewter Dishes, 11 Plates, and 2 other Pewter Plates, one was a Water-plate, and the other had Writing round it, but I don't know what, for I can't read. We put the Pewter and Brass in a Bag, and I took the Box, and carried it to Dick's House. In the Morning he comes to my Wife as she was a-bed, and said, Here Amy, here's a Silver Spoon for you. But she was afraid to meddle with it. Well, says he, then my Wife shall have it. But both of them neglecting to dispose of it, I got up on Friday Morning, and swore if my Wife would not go and sell it, I would break her Neck, and so I pull'd her out of bed, and made her carry it to the Goldsmith's, and there she was stopt.
A Juryman. After you were disturbed by the Woman's crying, Who's there? how came Marshall to venture a third Time?
John. We had put the Things without Side the House before I went up Stairs, so that he had no occasion to go in a doors the last Time. His Wife knew how we came by the Goods, and that made her afraid to sell the Spoon; and therefore, as I said, I was forced to make my Wife go out with it.
Court. Who do you call Wife?
John. Amy, the Prisoner; she's my Wife, I married her at Cripplegate Church.
R. Marshall. He was another Wife, and 4 or 5 Children by her.
James Murdock . Mr. Swain having told Mr. Askew the Goldsmith, that he knew Amy Mason , I went with Mr. Carey to Swain's House, to enquire after her. He was not at Home, and his Wife said, that he knew but little of her, But when he was before Justice Robe, the Justice asked him, if he knew Mason? and he said, he had seen her about 20 Times. Then, says the Justice, you must know where she lives, and if you don't find her, I'll commit you. While his Mittimus was making, a Woman came to speak with him, and he directed us to where Mason was. We took her, and then we secured Dick Marshall , and searched his House. Up one pair of Stairs backwards, we found a little Trunk. Mary Marshall told us, these was nothing in it, but we open'd it, and found the Boy's Hat, this Bermadas Hat, and this Table-cloth. We could find nothing more at that Time, but R. Marshall being carried before Justice Robe, and committed, we went again, and then we found this Pestle and Mortar.
Michael Guy . I went (by Direction of Mr. Wood, who was Marshall's Landlord ) to make a Distress upon Marshall's Goods for Rent. and there I found this Shift, mark'd M. C. And remembring by Mr. Carey's Advertisement, that such Shifts had been lost out of his House suspected that this was one of them, and that made me search more narrowly. In a Wig-box in the Shop, I found these two Candlesticks and this Pewter Cover, and a loaded Pistol. I met with this other Pair of Candlesticks in a Bundle under the Dresser, and above Stairs I found a Ham in a Bag: Here it is.
Mrs. Harrison. This Bermudas Hat is mine It was lost out of Mr. Carey's House.
Mr. Carey. The rest of the Goods are mine.
It appearing that Mary Marshall , and Amy Mason were married Women, and that they acted under the Power and by the Direction of their Husbands, the Jury acquitted them, and found Richard Marshall guilty of the Indictment. Death .
43. Richard Marshall , 44. Mary Horsenail , alias Marshall , and 45. Amy Mason alias Griffin , of Islington , were a second Time indicted, he for breaking and entring the House of Thomas Robe , Esq ; and stealing a Feather bed, value 3 l. 2 Bolsters, 2 Blankets. 18 Pewter Plates, 6 Brass Candlesticks, 1 China Canister, 2 China Tea cups, 1 Silver Tea-spoon, 2 Copper Tea-kettles, 1 Copper Coffee-pot, 1 Copper Chocolate-pot, 3 Sauce-pans, 1 Porringer, 1 Pair of Snuffers, 6 Knives, 6 Forks, and 1 Table-cloth, the Goods of Thomas Robe , Esq; August 31, 1731 , about the Hour of 2 in the Night . And Mary Marshall , for receiving two China Cups, and one Brass Candlestick ; and Amy Griffin for receiving 1 Table-cloth, part of the said Goods, they knowing them to be stolen .
Mr. Robe. In the Morning of the 31st of August was a Twelve-Month, News was brought me, that my House at Islington was broke open, and my Goods taken away. I had just furnish'd it, with an Intention of sending my
Michael Guy . When I went to make Distress in the Prisoner Richard Marshall 's House, for Rent due to Mr. Wood the Landlord, I found these China Cups, and this Brass Candlestick, which Mr. Robe swears to be his.
John Griffin . One Night, between 11 and 12, about the latter-end of August was a 12 Month, Dick Marshal and I went to the Prosecutor's House at Islington. We got over the Wall into the next Garden, and there we found a Gun. Then we went to the Garden-house Door, and broke it open with an Iron Crow, and there we found a China Decanister, and a Pewter Cover. Then we broke open all the other Doors that stood in our Way, and rumaged the House from Top to Bottom. We took the Bedding and Pewter, and Brass, and what else we could come at, and carried them all to Dick's House, and most of them were sold from thence. The Bed and Bolster, and one of the Blankets were sold to Mr. Worth.
Eliz. Thornton. I bought a Dish and 5 Plates of Elizabeth Green, thinking they had been her own, and now Justice Robe claims them.
Mr. Worth. I am a Broker. Eliz. Green came and told me, that a Man and his Wife at Mr. Marshall's, were sell out, and that the Man was resolved to sell the Bed. I had known Mr. Marshall 10 or 12 Years. He kept a House at Cow-cross, and paid Scot and Lot, and lived in Credit, and no Body would have disputed to have bought any thing of him. So I went and bought the Bed for 35 s. and I could not afford to give more; for I had a Sale at Islington not long after, and I sent this Bed thither, and allow'd it at 40 s. but no body would give so much, and so I was forced to bring it home again.
R. Marshall. This Griffin has been reckon'd a Thief for these 5 and 20 Years, and he has brought so many People into Trouble only to save himself. Eliz. Green told me, that he and his Wife had sell out, and upon that Pretence he brought these Goods to my House, and told me that he had them from Holloway, and was resolved to sell them, and so I sent Eliz. Green to Mr. Worth's and he came and bought the Bed. The Jury acquitted the 2 Women, and found Rich. Marshall guilty of the Indictment. Death .
46. John Booker of St. Mary Matselon, alias White-Chapel , was indicted for privately stealing a Silver Snuff-box, value 12 s. the Goods of Samuel Collet , from the Person of his Wife Elizabeth Collet , Octob. 4.
Eliz. Collet. About 4 in the Afternoon, I was standing near the Nag's-Head-Inn-Gate, in White-Chapel , to see a Funeral pass by, when the Prisoner, and another Man came and stood close before me, so that. I look'd betwixt their Heads. Says the Prisoner to me, 'Tis a very hand on Burying. I wonder whether 'tis a Maid or a Batchelor. Those are fine Srutcheous ; do but look, Madam! I look'd as long as I car'd for, and then turning about to go away, I perceived that the Prisoner, with his Hands behind him, had got hold of my Pocket. He had a Penknife in his Hand, and my Pocket was cut; and with his Fingers in the Slit, he was pulling out my Snuff-box. I actually saw him take it. You Rogue, says I, you have got my Box! Damn your Eyes, you Bitch, says he, speak such another Word, and I'll sacrifice you? I took hold of his Arm; he struck me several Times on the Stomach. I still held him. He threw something over my Head, and said, Damn you, you Bitch, there's your Box, Some of the People cry'd, that's none of it. I look'd, and saw it still in his Hand. It was the Penknife that he threw away, for it self in a Puddle, and a little Girl pick'd it up. Then he let the Box fall,
Court. Did any Body else hear him say these Words?
Mrs. Collet. I question whether they did or no, for when he said so, he leaned over the Table, and whisper'd to me.
Prisoner. When you first took hold of me, and looked in my Face, did you not say, that you was mistaken, and I was the wrong Person?
Mrs. Collet. No, I said no such thing. I charged you with it, and you damned my Eyes for a Bitch.
Mary Knight . As I was standing at the Nag's-Head Gate, to see a Funeral that was coming from Bromley; the Prisoner pass'd by me, and said, it's a very fine Burying, if you do but view it well. Mrs. Collet was standing against an Oyl-Shop, and he went and stood close before her. I saw him put his Left-hand into his Pocket, and take out this Clasp-pen-knife, and look on it thus; and then he put his Hands behind him. Mrs. Collet presently took hold of his Arm, and said, he had got her Snuff-Box. Damn your Eyes, you Bitch, says he, speak such a Word again, and I'll make a Sacrifice of you. Then he threw away the Knife; it fell in a Puddle of Water, and a Girl took it up. The People said, that's not the Box, and with that he threw the Box down, and as Mrs. Collet was stooping to take it up, he got from her, and went a-cross the Way, into a Court that had no Thorow-fare, and there he was stopt. I follow'd and heard him say to Mrs. Collet, You do it to take my Life away; but pray, Madam, don't say that I am the Man, for I live in repute.
John Cater . As the Prisoner stood before Mrs. Collet, I saw her fly at him, and catch hold of his Collar; he threw the Knife over her into a Puddle of Water 2 or 3 Yards off, and a Girl took it up. Mrs. Collet stoop'd to take up her Box, and he sprung away from her, and got into Elephant and Castle-Alley, which being no thorow-fare, he was taken and carry'd into Mr. Cave's House.
Court. Did you hear any thing that he said to the Prosecutrix in Cave's House'
Cater. No; but I know she sat over-against him.
Prisoner. If you saw me throw the Knife away, why did you not take me directly?
Cater. I had a Child in my Arms, but I gave it to my Wife, and then follow'd you.
Prisoner. Did I run?
Cater. Yes, when you first got from her, but you walk'd slower afterwards.
Prisoner. I had been at New-Fair, at Mile-End, and coming back thro' White-Chapel, I bought a ha'porth of Walnuts, and eating them as I went along, the Prosecutor, all on a sudden, seiz'd me by my Coat; I ask'd her, what was the Matter? She look'd in my Face, and said, I beg your Pardon ; you are the wrong Person. Being seiz'd in such a manner, it put me into such a fright, that I occasion to ease my self, upon which I went over the Way into a Yard, and ask'd a Woman, who was standing there with a Child in her Arms, if she knew of any necessary House thereabouts? Before she had answer'd me, the Prosecutor, and a Mob with her, came up and seiz'd me; and they said, I belong'd to the Bailiffs, and they would make me kiss the Shitten Brick-bat in Harrow-Alley.
Miles Rivet . Near Catherine-Wheel-Alley, in White-Chapel, a Woman seiz'd the Prisoner, and charged him with something about a Snuff-Box, and she said, as how she mought be mistaken, and so he walk'd away, and I thought, he dud not go off much like a Thief nother; I knew his Father
Thomas Williams . I saw the Woman catch his Arm. and say, Ye Rogue, I am robb'd. Hussy, says he, what do you mean? And with that she look'd in his Face, and said, I beg your Pardon, I believe you are not the Man. So he went away. and some butcherly Fellows follow'd, and brought him into an Alehouse. And a Man in a Livery called her out, and said, Why do you let this Man go? If you prosecute him, you'll have the Reward.
Court. That Man was mistaken ; there's no Reward for taking Pickpockets.
Mary Matthe ws. I and Margaret Creed were a going to Rag-Fair, for you must know we buy and sell Things, and go Partners together; and so there was a Mob at the Justice's Door, and this John Cater was among 'em: And so seeing this Mob, we stood to argue, as others may do, for we was willing to know how and about it. And so as I was a saying, says this John Cater , I believe it was he that took the Box, or others that belong'd to him; but I don't know him certainly ; but it's all one for that; there's 140 l. to be got by the Bargain.
Margaret Creed . I see a Croud of People about the Justice's Door, and so says I to Cater, What's the Matter? Why, says he, here's a Woman has had her Pocket cut, and this Man (the Prisoner) and another were standing close by her when it was done. We are not sure that this Man did it, but the other is got away. And the Woman said she could not swear it was the Prisoner, because there was another with him. And Cater said, they should have 140 l. if they hang'd him. And ar'n't you a parjur'd Rogue, says I, to go to swear away a Man's Life for the Reward? Go along, Hussy, says he, or I'll kick your Arse for ye.
Sarah Webster . I was at the Swan Alehouse by Hicks's Hall, with the Prisoner's Mother, and the Prosecutor. We said, Are you sure he's the Man? And the Prosecutor answer'd, I am as sure as can be, but I would not have sworn it, if my Evidences had not prest me to it, and told me it would be my Ruin if I did not.
Robert Gilman . The Constable not being in the Way, Mrs. Collet charged me with the Prisoner, and the Prisoner's Wife and Mother wanted me to go out of the Way, because I had the Knife, and the Pocket, and the Snuff-box. Here they are.
Pris. One Mr. Kenter heard Gilman say, if they would give 5 or 6 Guineas, the Prosecutor would go into the Country, and not appear.
Gilman. 'Tis no such Thing; but on the contrary, they offer'd me Money.
The Jury found him guilty of the Indictment. Death .
41, 42. Thomas Headly [ Edly] and Henry Chapman , of Mary le bon , were indicted for assaulting George Young in an open Place near the Highway, putting him in Fear, and taking from him a Hat, Value 8 s. a Wig, Value 30 s. a Cane, Value 5 s. and 15 d. July 30 .
George Young . On Thursday July 20. about a Quarter past 9 in the Evening, in the first Field coming out of Marybon Walks , I saw the a Prisoners and another Man lying upon the Grass at some Distance, and 2 Women near them; when they saw me, the Men got up, and the Women went off. When the Men met me, one of them ask'd me, what was a Clock? I said, I could not tell. You lye, damn you, says he. Don't damn me, says I. God damn it, says Headly, the Dog mutters, let's thump him. With that I took to my Heels, and they after me, and when I came near the Bason, Headly struck me with a Stick and fell'd me; then Chapman clapt one Hand to my Mouth; and the other to my Coat Pocket, while Headly took my Tye Wig, my Hat and my Cane, and the other Man rumaged my other Pockets. I lost a Shilling out of one of my Breeches Pockets, and 3 d. out of the other; but being on the Ground I could not see which of them took the Money. After that, they threw me into the Bason, and said, Now lye there and he damned, and so they made off; but a poor Man a Carpenter coming by, Aha! says he, what are you going to drown your self? and so he help'd me out; but for Blood and Dirt never was poor Creature so abused. I ask'd the Carpenter where he liv'd,
Court. Could you see the Prisoners plain enough to know 'em again?
Young. Yes; it was as light as it is now.
Court. What betwixt 9 and 10 at Night?
Young. It was light enough to diseern any Man living, and I am very certain to both the Prisoners.
Court. Was it Moonlight? Young. No.
Court. Did it Rain? Young. No.
Court. It was full Moon but 3 Nights after. Was there no Company in the Fields when it was so fair and light?
Young. No; it was a very windy Evening.
A Juryman. Whither did you go after you got out of the Bason?
Young. I went with the Carpenter to Scavenger [Cavendish] Squar, and there I left him, and went directly to Mr. Pain's the Distiller in Highstreet, St. Giles's, but he was gone out, and I saw only his Boy at home.
Court. Is the Boy here?
Young. No; I was in such a dirty Condition when I went in there, that I look'd more like a Blackguard than a Gentleman; and there are so many Blackguards go to that Shop, that when I went there afterwards the Boy did not remember me from the rest of his Master's Customers. No poor Creature was ever in such a Pickle. In short, I was asham'd to go along the Streets, but however, I made Shift to get home at last.
Court. Was his Coat dirty?
Lavender. Not very dirty.
Court. Was it dirty at all?
Lavender. I can't say whether it was or no; I did not take particular Notice.
Elizabeth Trot . I lodge at Mr. Young's House in Broad St. Giles's; I saw him come in, and his Wife was there then; Lord, says she, what's the matter? where have you been? Been, says he, why I have been robb'd. Coming out of our Garden into Marybon-fields, I saw 3 Fellows lying upon the Grass, and 2 Women at a little Distance from them, the Women went off, and the Men came up and ask'd what was a Clock? I told them I did not know; they swore I ly'd, and threaten'd to thump me; I run from them, they follow'd me to the rising Ground by the Bason, and there they knock'd me down, took my Hat and Wig, and Cane and Money, and threw me into the Bason.
William Row, Watchman. Last Sunday Night, between 11 and 12, as I was upon my Watch, the Prosecutor came to me, and said, he had seen two Men hard by, who had robb'd him some time ago in Marybon-fields. I went with him, and he took one, and I took the other, near the New-Exchange.
Court. Why did you not take them up before?
G. Young. Because I did not love Trouble, and had not done it now, but that I met them accidentally, for I never hunted after them; tho' several of my Friends offer'd to go with me to Newgate, to enquire if no Body there knew such Persons, who committed such a Robbery; and they said, they did not doubt, but I might hear of them. However I never went; but it happen'd last Sunday Night, as I was going home from the King's-Head Tavern, the Corner of - I saw one of the Prisoners leaning against a Post, in the Strand, opposite to the New-Exchange, and the other standing by him, knocking his Link against the Heel of his Shoe. As I past by, I heard one of them Mutter to the other, Damn you, there's the Man we took the Hat and Wig from in Marybon-fields !
Court. 'Tis very strange he should say so in your hearing.
G. Young. So I seem'd to take no notice, but went on and call'd a Watchman directly; he was then, I think, crying past a 11, and going up a Court about a 100 Yards from where I met the Prisoners; I told him they were both standing together; but when we came back, one was on one side of the Way, and the other on t'other; Mr. Mand's House is opposite to the New-Exchange.
Watchman. No, nor they did not offer to run.
Court. The Court has heard nothing of it.
Edward Wilson . We had a Cause depending in our Society, and we chose him, as an Apothecary to decide betwixt a Widow and the Club; and if he had not bore a good Character, we should not have chosen him for such a Definition.
A Juryman. You say, you have known him from 9 Years old, How old do you take him to be now? I have a particular Reason for asking.
Wilson. I take him to be about 30 or 31, he's hardly more if so much; for when I first knew him, I and his Father belong'd to a Club, at Mr. Doby's, who kept the Fountain, and that's about 22 Years ago.
Juryman. I ask, because it is not above a Year and a Half ago when he voluntarily came to me to be Security for a Man, and gave his Note accordingly, but when the Note become due he pleaded Non-age.
G. Young. I own it, and I am now but 22 Years old; my Brother indeed is about 30, and it must be him that Mr. Wilson means.
John Luckil , Constable. The Prosecutor brought the Prisoners to the Watch-house, and charged me with them; and then he wanted to go home, but I told him; he must stay and make his Charge good before the Justice; says he, rather than stay all Night, I'll discharge 'em. I told him, that could not be done, but if he'd send for some Body to satisfy me that he was a House-keeper, I would not detain him. He accordingly sent for a Neighbour, and I let him go home.
Prisoner Headly. We insisted that he should be kept all Night to make good him Charge.
Constable. Yes, they did, and therefore I insisted that he should send for some Body that knew him.
Jonathan Hurly , I am Coachman to the Young Princesses . I have known Headly 7 or 8 Years; he was 3 Years in the Stables. When we attended Princess Amelia to the Bath, he went with us, and was trusted in the Scullery. Then he went with us to Tunbridge, and after the Journeys were over he was discharged; he always behaved himself well, and I take him to be as honest a Lad as any upon Earth. He has been gone from us about 4 Years; he has lived in another Place since he left us, but for this 2 or 3 Years, he has been out of Service, and got his living by running of Errands, and cleaning of Shoes.
43. John Griffin , of Clerkenwell , was indicted for the Murder of Sarah Stevens , an Infant aged 20 Months, by driving 3 Horses drawing a Cart, the Off-Wheel of which run over the Child's Head, and broke the Skull, of which Fracture she instantly dy'd , August 10 . Acquitted .
44. Thomas Rice , of St. Magnes the Martyr , was indicted for the Murder of Eliz. Holman , by furiously driving 2 Horses drawing a loaded Cart, the Wheel of which, running against the Sharps of another loaded Cart (belonging to Joanna Pemberton ) forced it back, so that the hinder Part of it struck the said Elizabeth on the Stomach, and squeezed her up against a great Vost (belonging to the, House of Elizabeth Parks ) and thereby gave her one mortal Bruise, of which she instantly dy'd , Sept. 12 . He was a second Time indicted on the Coroner's Inquisition for Manslaughter. Acquitted .
John Burr , in his House , July 20 . But no Evidence appearing she was acquitted .
47. , of Christ-Church , was indicted for breaking and entering the House of Coningsby Kirwood , and stealing 6 Silver Tea-Spoons, a Tea-Strainer, a pair of Sugar-Tongs, and a Velvet Cap, Aug. 31 . in the Night Time . The Jury found him Guilty of Felony only, to the value of 10 d.
48 Richard Sanders , of St. Dunstan's in the West , was indicted for stealing a pair of Shoes, value 1 s. a pair of Stockings, value 1 s. and a Wig, value 10s. the Goods of Nicholas Harding , Esq ; Sept. 15 .
Mr. Harding. Before I had taken up the Prisoner's Wife (who was try'd just now) I was told that he and she lay together in my Chambers during my Absence. I challenged her then with some Things that were missing, she said, that he had taken them away. She gave me the Key of his Room, in Black-Friars, I went thither with my Servant and a Constable. The Prisoner was in Bed; I found a pair of Shoes, a pair of black worsted Stockings, and a Wig there, which were mine. He got up and put them on, and said, his Wife brought them. I told him, I had lost several other Things, and that his Wife had sent me to him. Says he, what Things are they, set them down upon a piece of Paper, and I'll go with you to all the Pawnbrokers that she deals with in Shoe-Lane, and if we can't find them, I'll pay you for them, or make you any other Satisfaction. I told him, that I understood he lay at my Chambers in my Absence, and he owned that he had.
Prisoner. Yes, in the Footman's Bed, my Wife told me you desir'd her to lie there, and she desir'd me to lie with her. She told me too, that you would take it well if I sorted some Votes and Pamphlets which lay in your Chambers, and I did so. I believe the Shoes and Stockings she gave me were yours; but she said, you had given her leave to take them. As for the Wig, she said, it was given her by her Master Thickness, who lived with you. And upon her owning before Sir William Billers that she gave me these Things, I was discharged; but you took me up a 2d Time about sorting your Papers.
Mr. Harding. I was informed by a Porter, that he had seen the Prisoner come out of my Chambers with a Bundle of Papers, ty'd with a Red Tape. I found such Papers in the Prisoner's Room, and says he, These are the Papers that the Porter saw me with, I had them from my Brother. I look'd over them, and found some Gilt-paper, that I had had by me for 2 or 3 Years.
Prisoner. Did not you swear before Sir William, that you had heard your Master say, that Mr. Thickness had wore that Wig?
Weller. I don't remember that I did, but your Wife said, that you took the Wig out of the Box your self my Master tax'd you with taking a black Coat, and you own'd that you had pawn'd it to redeem another Coat that you had pawn'd before.
Prisoner. I have been committed to Prison a great many Times, for assaulting my Wife; She swore the Peace against me, so after that I was seldom out of Jail long together. And the last Time I could not be discharged without coming to some Agreement with her. So she said, that she had got a good Place at Mr. Harding's, that she had 30 l. a Year stacking Wager, and 30 l. a Year vails, besides all his old Cloaths, and if I would come and live with her again (for we had not liv'd together as Man and Wife for above 5 Years) she would give the Cloaths to me, and so she did, as I shall prove.
Hannah Foreman . The Prisoner was committed for beating his Wife, and after he was discharged, she said, if he'd live with her, she had Cloaths enough to give him, and that she had 2l. a Year Salary from Mr. Harding.
Elizabeth Martin . I was with the Prisoner's Wife, when she brought him drest from Bridewell to her Lodgings.
Court. What Stockings had he on?
Martin. Black Silk Stockings; and See, says she, what a fine Figure I have made of him. If he'll come and live with me, I'll find him in Cloaths; but if he won't, I'll throw him in Jail, and there he shall lie to Eternity.
Sampson Puller. I heard his Wife say, that the Cloaths were hers, and that they were given to her by Mr. Thickness.
Jane Inwood . And I heard her swear, God damn her Soul and Body, if she was not reveng'd on him. I went with her to setch him out of Bridewell, and she gave him a pair of Shoes and Stockings, and he put them on there, and she told him, if he would go home with her, she had other Things to give him.
Court. Of what Colour were the Stockings?
Foster. They were Grey Worsted.
Mary Neal . The Prisoner and his Wife came to my Stall in Bartholomew-Fair , about Dusk, and asked me, if I could change half a Crown if they bought something? Yes, says I, What will you have? A Penny Trumpet, says he. They were mighty difficult in chusing, but at last they fixt upon one, and then she bid me give her change for half a Crown. I ask'd for the half Crown; N o, says she, I never part with my Money in a Fair, till I have my Change. My Husband was just gone for a Penny-worth of Cheese, and I not having Silver enough about me, I gave her a Shilling in part, and told her my Husband would be back in 2 or 3 Minutes, and give her the rest. Come, says the Prisoner to his Wife, we can't stay, give the Woman her Shilling again, I believe I have got Halfpence; says she, I gave the Shilling to you; No, says he, you did not; but I did, says she, look in your Pocket, and you'll find it. So he took out some Silver in his Hand, and about 3 Pennyworth of Half pence, and gave this Shilling and a Penny to her, and she gave the same to me, and they went away; I put the Penny in my Pocket, and keeping the Shilling in my Hand, I felt it crack as I held it. I subscrib'd the Prisoner and his Wife to some People, who follow'd and took them presently. The Prisoner offer'd me a Guinea and a Crown bowl of Punch to smother it up, and not appear against them. And his Wife confess'd before the Justice, that she knew it was a bad Shilling.
Prisoner. My Wife took the Shilling for a good one.
Court. That will not excuse your putting it off if you knew it was bad. Whether you took it for a good one or not, the Law is the same. If you found it bad, you ought to have destroy'd it immediately.
The Jury found him Guilty .
51. William Tryer , of St. Martins in the Fields , was indicted for stealing a Camblet Gown, value 10s. the Goods of Joseph Whittle , and 9 Wigs, value 18s. the Goods of several Persons, Sept. 7 . Guilty 10 d.
Joseph Walker. As I was sitting in Lloyd'sQueen-Street . There he fell on his Knees to me, and said, he was a Barber ; that he was just come out of a Salivation, and that mere Necessity drove him to take the Goods.
Abraham Genecour . I vas but a very leetel vile gon out of de Shop, and ven I vas come back to go into de Shop again, dare I see dis Man, de Precsonare, vas in de Shop-Antry, and he vant to come out; so I aska to him, vel Friend, vat vas it you vas please to have? And he say, noting at all, he vant noting in de Varld, not he. Vel den I say, Vat you do here? He make a me no answer to dat; but he creep, creep along by de Side of de Vall, and sleep out of de Door, and run avay. His Leg vas vary mush more queek dan mine, so dat I no coud cash him; but I call out to de Peoples to stop a de Teef, and da stop him prasaant. And he drop dis Goat-Hair, but dis oder Horse-Hair I take a out of his Pokate, and he no say von Vard . I take mine Oat, dat dis is de vary same Man dat vas in de Shop. Ven he vas carry before de Shusteece, de Shusteece ask a him, Vel, vat you say for you sailfe? Vy noting, he have noting at all to say.
Prisoner. I had got 40s. in my Pocket to pay my Doctor, but meeting a Man in a green Apron at the Prosecutor's Door, with this Parcel of Hair, he offer'd it very cheap, and I dealing in Hair, and thinking it to be a good Bargain, bought it of him, and he went away. The Minute he was gone, the Frenchman stopt me, and having bought it at so low a Rate, I begun to suspect that it was stolen, and so I run for fear of coming into trouble. The Jury found him Guilty .
55. Matth.ew Waters , of Hackney , was indicted for stealing an Earthen-Pot, value 4d. and 17 Plants of Myrtle, value 3 s. the Goods of James Lamb , Esq ; Sept. 12 . The Jury acquitted him, and the Court granted him a Copy of his Indictment.
Ann Hornby. I was on my Knees in the Ambassador's Chapel by Lincolns-Inn-Fields : the Prisoner was kneeling close at my right Side; others were kneeling before me, and some behind me. I felt the Prisoner soroudge me where my Pocket was, which made me suspect him; upon which I pull'd my Pocket almost forward, and felt my Money was then in it. There were a Half-crowns, a Shilling, and a Silver Three-pence. He kept close to me for a little while longer, and then rose up and made towards the Door. It not being usual to rise before Church was done, I presently concluded that he got my Money, and putting my Hand to my Pocket I found that it was cut, and all my Money taken away. I call'd out, Stop Thief! and he was taken before he got out.
Charles Myler . There were 3 or 4 Persons kneeling betwixt me and the Prosecutor. I observed the Prisoner rise up while all the rest of the Congregation were on their Knees. He past by 2 or 3 Persons towards the big Door. She cry'd, Stop Thief, and I stopt him. We took him into the Ambassador's Hall joining to the Chapel. He fell on his Knees, begg'd Forgiveness, and said it was the first time he had ever been there, and should be the last. We found a Penknife upon him, but the Money had been dropt by the Way, for it was brought in by 2 Persons who had pick'd it up. There were a Half-crowns, a Shilling, and a Silver Three-pence.
Prisoner. Did you see me either take the Money, or drop it?
Prisoner. They strove who should take me first for the sake of the Reward.
Court. There's no Reward for taking Pickpockets.
William Higgons . The Prisoner was making off, the Prosecutor cry'd, Stop Thief; I was one that stopt him, and push'd him into the Ambassador's Hall. He fell on his Knees, begged Forgiveness, and promised that he would never do the like again.
The Jury found him guilty of the Indictment. Death .
582 Persons have been Indicted; of which Number, 70 have received Sentence of Death; 208 been order'd for Transportation; 8 Fin'd, Imprison'd, or Pillory'd; 4 Burnt in the Hand, besides some that have been order'd for Transportation; 4 Whip'd, and 288 Acquitted by the Juries.
The Trials being ended, the Court proceeded to give Judgment as follows:
Received Sentence of Death 4.
Burnt in the Hand 2.
Richard Watson , William Sherrington , Martin Wright , Elizabeth Page , John Bowen , Elizabeth Payner , John Turner , Thomas Evershet , S - - , John Palmer , John Chalkly , Mary Trotman , Hannah Arwood , Richard Roopen , William Tryer , Francis Macchan , and Edward Sutton .
A speedy Cure for the ITCH.
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At the same Place may be had,
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A Dissuasive from the Reigning Vices of the Age, Common Swearing, Perjury and Forgery : Or, A History of the Rise and Progress of those Crimes; together with the Heinousness of them. As also of the various Punishments inflicted on the Guilty by all Civilized Nations, from the Beginning of the World to this Time. Occasion'd by an Observation of the many slagrant Instances, that have happen'd within these few Years in Great Britain. With Proposals to suppress the same.
- How shall I pardon The for this? Thy Children have forsaken me, and swore ly them that are no Gods. Jer. v. 7.
- Because of Swearing, the Land Mourneth, Jer. xxiii. 10.
N. B. The Right Hon. Sir Francis Child , Kt. Lord Mayor bought a Number of this Pamphlet to be given away. It's hoped so good an Example will be follow'd by other Gentlemen in distributing or giving away so necessary and useful a Tract,