The King's Commission of Goal-Delivery of Newgate, held at Justice-Hall in the Old-Baily; for the CITY of London, and COUNTY of Middlesex.
Wednesday, Thursday, Friday and Saturday, being the 31st, of August, 1st, 2d, and 3d, of September, 1726. in the Twelfth Year of His MAJESTY's Reign.
BEFORE the Right Honourable Sir FRANCIS FORBES , Knt. Lord Mayor of the City of London; Mr. Baron Thomson , Recorder of the City of London; John Raby , Serjeant at Law; and other His Majesty's Justices of Goal-Delivery, and Oyer and Terminer aforesaid; together with His Majesty's Justices of the Peace for the said City of London.
The Witness thus depos'd. The Prisoners had Lodged about 3 Quarters of a Year at the Prosecutors House. The Goods were mist at several times. The Prisoners were suspected, and being Examin'd, they Confest that they had carried them out to pawn. The Man was found Guilty, to the value of 39 s. but the Woman being under the Power and Direction of her Husband, the Jury Accquitted her.
George Turner , was indicted for stealing 2 Velvet Palls, value 30 l. a Velvet Coverlet, 36 Pair of Gloves, 75 Yards of Crape, 12 Yards of Alamode Silk, 12 Pounds of Wax Lights, a Silver Salver, a Night Gown, a Peruque, and other Things, the Goods of several Persons, in the House of Richard Say , August 4 last.
Richard Say thus depos'd. The Prisoner was my Servant . The Goods were lost, and he not coming as usual to shut the Shop at Night, not to open it in the Morning, it made me Suspicious that it was he that had rob'd me, and thereupon, I spread a large number of Advertisements, wherein I describ'd his Person, by which means he was Apprehended the next Day.
William Forestreet thus depos'd. Having some of the Prosecutors Advertisements to disperse, I met the Prisoner in Red Cross Street, in the Park Southwark, and he appearing like an Undertakers Servant, I thought him a proper Person to deliver one of the Bills to, and was going to give him one accordingly, but upon observing him, I thought he very much answer'd the Description of the Person I wanted, and my Opinion was strengthen'd, by seeing him have a Silver Salver under his Arm. I have a great fancy Friend, says I, that you are the Man, that I have been looking for, - how came you by that Salver. He made but a shuffling Answer, which heightning my Suspicion, I search'd him farther, and found several Pair of Black Silk Gloves, 3 Silver Spoons, and other Goods about him, to the value of 4 or 5 l. which proved to be part of what was lost out of Mr. Say's House. Guilty Death .
William Whittle thus depos'd. Between 12 and 1 at Night, the Moon shining very clearly, as I was going through Black-Horse-Yard, near White Chappel-Bars , the Prisoner and 2 Men seiz'd me, and Swore if I did not deliver I was a dead Man; The Prisoner said, she would see what I had got, and thrust her Hand into my Breeches, took out my Watch and 6 d. and went away. The Men Swore they'd kill me, if I did not stay there till they were all gone.
Charles Miller thus depos'd. About 7 the same Morning, the Prisoner offer'd to leave the Watch with me in pawn. I had some knowledge of her, (for she had pawn'd Goods to me before,) and thinking that she did not come honestly by it, I refus'd to take it in. The Prosecutor came about 2 hours after, and describ'd her to me. I told him he might probably find her, at the Half Moon Ale House in Petticoat Lane, which he did.
Joseph Fox thus depos'd. When she was in New-Prison, she confest that the Watch was in the Hands of Thomas Owen , in Walnut-Tree-Yard in Bishops-gate-Street, and I found it there accordingly. Guilty Death .
John Ginger thus depos'd. I lost the Horse from Northall Common , and coming to Smithfield, I saw the Prisoner offering him to Sale, I cheapen'd him, and he ask'd me 8 l. for him. I enquir'd how he came by him, and he told me, that he had it from his Brother. Guilty Death .
The Witnesses thus depos'd. Two or Three Days before Mr. Hanson lost his Horse from Chelmsford , the Prisoner pretended to buy him, and several times bade Money for him, and at last on the 10th of August, he agreed with Mr. Hanson for the Price, which was 15 Guineas, but desir'd to ride a little turn with the Horse to try him, which Mr. Hanson granting, the Prisoner gave him a Shilling earnest, told him if he liked the Horse, he would immediately pay him the rest of the Money; and then mounting, he rode directly (in about two Hours time) to the Bull Inn in White Chappel, where Mr. Street the other Prosecutor dwelt. The Prisoner having been 2 or 3 times about buying Mr. Streets Bay Gelding, he ask'd if that Gelding was yet Sold, he was answer'd that it was not Sold, but was at Finsbury Stables . He rid to the Cross Keys in Grace-Church-Street, where he put up the Grey Horse, and from thence went to Finsbury and sent for Mr. Street, and agreed to pay him 14 l. 5 s. for his Horse, and gave him a Shilling earnest, but geting on the Horses back to try him, he rode quite away with him, as he had before done with the other. The Prosecutors both got their Horses again.
The Prisoner in his Defence said, that he bought the Horses, and intended to pay for them, but being short of Money, he was obliged to keep out of the way. He call'd several to his Reputation, who gave him a good Character, and added that about 3 Years ago, his Father left him 600 l. and a Brew-house, which he Sold, not being capable to manage it himself, and that he has since dealt in Tobacco, and Brandy. - The Jury Acquitted him.
Richard Clevely thus depos'd. About 4 a Clock on Monday Afternoon, I went to drink at the New Spaw, which is kept by Mr. Sanderson. The Prisoners and others were playing at Skettles, I made one among them, we afterwards went to Cards. Cundell lost a great deal, and having no Money left, he desir'd me to pay 4 d. for him, which I did, and he in pretence of returning the Civility, would needs go home with me over the Fields, for it was then about 11 at Night, and Turner said, he was going the same way, and would bear us company. When we came near Lambs Conduit , they took notice of some Candles that appear'd at a distance, and were for laying a Wager about what part of the Town those Lights were in, I told them I'd lay no Wagers, upon which Turner catch'd hold of my Arm, and said, G - D - ye but you shall, - Nay Gentlemen says I, If I must buy the Hare, I must, and then they took away my Money; and one of them said, he's so Drunk, that he wont remember what's become of his Money. - You're Mistaken Gentlemen, says I, for I know you both; if you'll give me my Money again, all shall be well, but if ye don't, Look to it. So I went to the Spaw next Day, and enquir'd after them. There happen'd to be somebody that knew Cundell, who was taken that Day.
The Constable depos'd. that when Cundell was taken, he discover'd Turner, and desir'd to be made an Evidence. Mr. Sanderson and his Wife thus depos'd. The Evening before the Prosecutor was rob'd, he was Drunk and very abusive, and the next Day he said that they forced him to lay the Wagers, and so got his Money from him. The Place where he lost his Money, was near some Houses in Lambs Conduit Fields, where a Watch was kept, but he did not call out. And said farther, that he did not know the Prisoners but by their Cloaths. Acquitted .
John Chavin thus depos'd. The Prisoner was my Servant , he lighted me to Bed about a 11 at Night, and as I suppose came afterwards into my Room, while I was asleep, for when I waked I mist my Watch, Money, and the Key of the Till out of my Breeches; - I went down and mist 79 l. out of the Till, but the Prisoner was gone.
Robert Parger thus depos'd. I live in Abergavenny in Wales, the Prisoner desir'd me to let him leave this Watch, and 3 Silver Spoons, in my Hands, which I granted; He courted a young Woman soon after, and in his discourse told her, that the Prosecutor, who liv'd in Pater-noster Row , was his Brother. She sent thither privately to enquire of the truth of it, and by that means he was discover'd. Guilty Death ,
Richard Stone , in their Shop , June 1 . The Fact appear'd thus. The Silk was lost from the Shop of Messieurs Moore and Stone, the Queens Head and Anchor on Ludgate-hill , on the 4 or 5 of November last. Not long after which the Prisoner, and another Woman or two, went into a Mercers Shop, the backside of St. Clements, to cheapen some Goods, and soon after they were gone, a Piece of Silk was missing. These Women, and others of their Profession, had been often at Several Shops in that Neighbourhood, so that they were pretty well known. He acquainted several Shopkeepers thereabouts with his loss, and it was not long before one of them saw the Prisoner, and one of the Woman aforesaid, as they were making another Tour; He gave the Mercer notice, who traced them to the House of - Johnson a Victualler, at the Thistle and Crown, in Denmark Court. Where he searched for his Goods to no purpose, but he found the Brocaded Silk in the Indictment, which was made into a Gown, and Lin'd with a Pink colour'd Mantua. The Prisoner own'd the Gown to be hers, and said that she bought it of the Maker, at the George Ale-house by Stocks Market, (a House frequented by Weavers,) but her Husband being a Journey-man Shooe-maker, he thought such a Gown was too fine for her, and therefore threatned to burn it, to prevent which, she had persuaded Johnson to let it lye at his House. Several Mercers were sent for, to see if they knew the Silk, Mr. Moone was one of that number, and found the Brocade to be his.
The Prisoner thus made her Defence. I have been a Holland Trader for Several Years, and having a large Acquaintance, Moll Burton, (who was Jonathan Wilds Maid,) brought me this Brocade to sell for her. - I shew'd it to some, who did not like the Figure of it, and by accident a Mug of Drink was Spilt upon it, by which it was very much damaged, so that it was thrown upon my Hands, and I was forced to pawn my Goods to pay for it.
Mary Burton, alias Ravenscroft, alias Fenton, alias Holloway, alias Hafield , thus depos'd. I never saw that Brocade, till it was shewn me by Mr. Moone, at an Ale-house in Covent Garden, after he had taken it from Mr. Johnson's House, and the Prisoner told me, that she her self spoke with it, (i.e. Stole it.) Guilty Death .
Thomas Coleman thus depos'd. I live with Mr. Herbert, I remember the missing of a Piece of Pink Mantua, and believe, that this Lining to the Brocade is a part of it, for was we make our own Goods; We make them, as this is, a little broader than usual.
Mary Barton thus depos'd. The Prisoner came to my Lodging in Black Fryers, between 3 and 4 in the Afternoon, told me that she had seen something very good, and desir'd me to go out with her. We went to Mr.Herbert's Shop, I cheapen'd some Straw colour'd Mantua for an Apron, for which they asked 3 s. and 2 d. a Yard, and I offer'd them 2 s. and 10 d. In the mean time the Prisoner took a Piece of Pink Mantua, and we went away undiscover'd. We measur'd it at her Lodging, and found there was 42 Yards, which we equally divided. She bade me 3 s. for my half, but I told her I could have more for it, she said she'd line her Gown with part of her own half, and I believe this Lining to be the same. - I afterwards sold my half to Ann Green, who is not yet taken. Guilty ,
Katherine Fitzpatrick , alias Green, alias Boswell , was indicted for privately stealing 19 Yards of Green Damask, value 9 l. the Goods of Joseph Gifford , and John Ravenell , in their Shop , July 29. 1724 .
Mary Burton thus depos'd. - The Prisoner call'd me out. - We went to Mr. Giffords Shop, and ask'd for red Damask. While one of the Men were shewing us Goods, the other went backwards to fetch more Pieces, and left open a Drawer, that was drawn from under the Counter. The Prisoner took a Piece of Green Damask from thence, and put it into her Petticoat, which was pinn'd up. - When we came home, she gave it to Theodosia Kirk to pawn.
Theodosia Kirk thus depos'd. The Prisoner sent for me, desir'd me to pawn a Piece of Green Damask, and said that she had it of her Cousin Madam Cately, who was the Widow of a Mercer that broke. I pawn'd it to Mr. Martin in Black Fryers, who lent me 6 Guineas on it, at 3 d. in the Pound for a Month.
The Prisoner said nothing in her Defence, but that she had the Silk of Moll. Burton. Guilty Death .
Mr. Stone thus depos'd. Two Women came to the Shop, and ask'd for Black and White Three Quarter Mantua. They said they came from Reading, and I knowing several in that Town, it occasion'd a pretty deal of Discourse, and while we were talking, my Prentice came in with a Piece of Green Sattin in a Wrapper, which I had sent him for, to my Lady Withringtons, where I had left it the Day before. - When the Women were gone, I ask'd him where he had put the Sattin, he said he laid it on the Counter; - We search'd for it, but could find nothing but the Wrapper.
Mary Burton thus depos'd. The Prisoner and I went to the Prosecutors Shop and desir'd to see some Ash colour'd Silk; We had some talk about Reading. The Boy brought in a Piece of Green Sattin in a Wrapper, and laid it on the Counter. The Prisoner took it out of the Wrapper, and carry'd it off. I then lived in Fleet-lane, where I often saw the Prosecutors Boy, come to fetch a Horse, and I told the Prisoner, I was afraid the Boy would know me again, and did intend to change my Lodging. - She carried the Silk to Kirk, who pawn'd it to Martins Wife for 40 s.
The Apprentice depos'd. That he brought home the Green Sattin in a Wrapper; and laid it on the Counter, while 2 Women were in the Shop. - That it was mist when they were gone, and that he used to go to a Horse in Fleet-Lane. Guilty .
Mrs. Hutt thus depos'd. I keep an Upholster's Shop in St. Pauls Church-Yard . Two Women in Riding Hoods came in, and ask'd for Blankets. - Mary Burton follow'd them, and she being very like a Neighbours Neice, I mistook her for the same, and to had no Suspicion. - I ask'd if the Blankets were for her Aunt, and she said yes. A Piece of Green Mantua had been brought home that Day, and being in haste to use about 10 Yards of it for a Bed, before the Weaver came to see it measured, I cut off what I wanted, but left a narrow Edge on one side, with the Ticket to it, - and then put it in the Window, and mist it soon after they were gone.
Mary Burton thus depos'd, The 2 Prisoners came to my Room, and ask'd me to go out, which in our way of Speaking signifies to go a Shoplifting. I was not drest, and so they told me where they intended to go, and that they would wait for me, at a Brandy Shop in St. Pauls Church-Yard. They went, I drest my self and follow'd them, but before I came to the Brandy Shop. I saw them in the Prosecutors Shop, and went into them; The Gentlewoman of the Shop, said something to me about my Aunt. Fitzpatrick took the Silk out of the Window, and put it under her Hood, but there was a long Edging to it, cut in little Escallops, that had like to have betray'd us. She sold it for 3 s. 6 d. a Yard, but Sarah Turner was angry with her, and said, she could have got 4 s. for it.
Mr. Moone thus depos'd. When Turner was first taken up, I advis'd her to make herself an Evidence, but she would not then be persuaded. She afterwards escaped from the Officer; I saw her again in the
Katherine Fitzpatrick , was a 4th time, and Sarah Turner , a 2d time indicted for privately stealing 63 Yards of Modena, and Pink Italian Mantua, value 15 l. the Goods of Joshua Feary , in his Shop , February 20. 1724-5 .
Mary Burton thus depos'd. The Prisoners and I agreed to go out, we pitch'd upon Mr. Fearys Shop, Fitzpatrick and I, went in first, and ask'd for Ash colour'd Mantua; Turner came in a little after us, and said she wanted Silk for an Apron. The Man went to the back part of the Shop, and in the mean time, Fitzpatrick lifted up the Counter Lid, took out the Silk, and put it in her Apron; We divided it equally, and had 21 Yards a piece.
Mr. Moone depos'd. That Turner Confest to him, that she was with Burton and Fitzpatrick, when they Stole that Silk.
Mr.Justice Vaughan thus depos'd. Several of the Shoplifters were brought before me to be examin'd. Holms would fain have been an Evidence, and named I believe near 40 Robberies, that she had been concern'd in, but she having been transported, I could not admit her. Then Turner offer'd to become an Evidence, and confest that she had committed several Felonies in Company with Fitzpatrick. I asked her if she had ever been in Newgate. No, says she, but I was one Night indeed a walking in Fleet-street with a Girl ( Molly Grainge ) and a Gentleman pick'd us up, and carried us to the Tavern, and she pick'd his Pocket, and was hang'd for it. At last Mary Burton came in a voluntary Evidence, and the Information that she then gave me, agrees in every particular with what she now swears in Court.
Theodosia Kirk depos'd, that it was commonly talk'd in the Neighbourhood, that Turner had hang'd Molly Grainge (who liv'd in Water-lane) by perswading her to take the Fact upon herself, in which they were both concerned.
Fitzpatrick call'd 2 or 3 to her Reputation, who depos'd that she sold Geneva, and afterwards kept a Cook's Shop in Fore-street. And being cross'd question'd, they acknowledge that she had long had the Character of a Shoplifter. The Jury found them both Guilty .
Thomas Reedman thus depos'd. Three Women ( Mary Burton was one of them) came into my Mistresses Shop (the Indian Queen in Holbourn ) and said they wanted a piece of Satin. My Mistress had in her Hand the Silver Cup, with some Ale in it, and being call'd away, she sat it down by the Fire Side, in the back Part of the Shop. When she was gone, says one of the Women, Tis very cold, and so went and sat by the Fire. When they were gone the Cup was mist.
Mary Burton thus depos'd. The two Prisoners and I went into the Prosecutors Shop, Holms and I lookt upon some Sattin, but Robinson went to the Fire Side, took up the Silver Cup, threw the Ale into the Ashes, and put it into her Lap. I carried the Sattin to the Door to look at it, to prevent the Man from casting his Eye towards the Fire, for fear he should miss the Cup. - Robinson went out first, Holms stole a piece of Sattin, and follow'd her, and I went last. Robinson's Confession was read in Court, in which she acknowledged the stealing of the Cup, and that she sold it to Hannah Briton for 4 s. an Ounce. Guilty each, Death .
Jane Holms, was a 4th Time, and Mary Robinson, a 2d Time indicted for privately stealing 80 Yards of Cherry colour'd Mantua Silk, value 5 l. the Goods of Joseph Bourn , and Mary Harper , in their Shop , December 24 . And
Mary Burton thus depos'd. Holms and Robinson and myself, went to the Prosecutors, under Pretence of buying a Riding-hood for me, but in Reality to steal any Thing that we could. A piece of Persian lay under some Riding-hoods, from whence Holms took it; we all got off safe, and went to the Tavern, and there agreed to carry the Silk to Hannah Briton 's who then kept the Bull-Head Ale-House, the Corner of Newtoners-Lane. We went accordingly, and told her that we had spoke with a piece of Silk. She was well acquainted with our Profession, and knew that by saying, we had spoke with it, we meant, we had stole it. She measur'd it, and gave us a Shilling a Yard for it.
Joseph Bourn thus depos'd. Hannah Briton sent for me to Newgate, and offer'd me 5 Guineas not to prosecute her, and said she'd make me farther Satisfaction when she got out, for she was worth a Thousand Pound. Guilty .
Anthony Hamsted thus depos'd. I live with Mr. Bell a Fishmonger, in Old Fish-street . I was going out a Saturday Afternoon, and call'd George Mademan to look after the Shop. Before I went out, a Man to, whom I ow'd a Shilling for doing some Work, came in, and desir'd me to pay him. Upon which I open'd the Money Drawer in the Shop, and taking out a Bag in which was two Bank Notes for 50 l. and above 10 l. in Money. I paid him and put the Bag up again. The Prisoner who was a Ticket Porter, and plying thereabouts, was then standing at the Window, and saw the Mony. I went out, and at my Return, asked if any Body had been there, and they told me no. I open'd the Drawer, and mist the Money, and as for the two Notes they were put into another Till, and Mademan and the Prisoner went away.
Margery Mademan thus depos'd. When my Husband was gone, the Prisoner began to make his Flourishes, and play his Tricks in the Shop, and he pull'd out the Money Drawer, but I did not see him take any Thing away. Why ar'n't you an Impudent Boldface now, says I, pray what Business have you to meddle with the Drawer, Why ye old Bitch, says he, what's that to you, I'll meddle with what I please, and then he began to pull and haul, and touzle me about at such a Rate, that you'd 'a blest your self, and he would fain 'a' had me 'a' gone into the Cellar to lye with me; and in short he grew so rude and obstropolus, that I was forc'd to run out of the Shop, or else I had certainly been ravisht, and that would have been a sad thing in my old Age, for alackaday I have liv'd these Threescore and Fourteen Years in the World, and was never ravish'd in my Life, so that what became of the Money when I was gone, I cannot tell.
The Prisoner thus made his Defence. I know nothing of the Money, but as for the old Beggar Woman, I was minded to have a little Fun with her, because I have heard say, That if you take an old Woman and bite her by the Ear, she'll serve as well as a young Girl.
Susan Dennis , was indicted for privately stealing from the Person of Thomas Strainer , a Leather Pocket Case, value 1 s. on the 1st of July . But the Prosecutors, Modesty not suffering him to appear against the Prisoner, she was Acquitted .
Isabel Lucky , and Sarah Jones , were indicted, Lucky for privately stealing from Alexander Watts , 16 Ounces humane Hair, a Handkerchief, a pair of Gloves, and a Pocket Book , August 11 , and Jones for receiving the same, knowing them to be stoln .
Alexander Watts thus depos'd. I was got drunk, and was going home to Cats Hole in St. Catherines. In my Wastecoat Pocket I had got a pound of Hair in a Bladder, and a Pocket Book, a Pair of Gloves, and a Handkerchief in the other Pocket; and so coming under Aldgate, I saw the Prisoner Isabel Lucky before me, and I gave her a Tap upon the Shoulder, and ask'd her where she was going, and she said a little farther, and so she walked sometimes before me, and sometimes behind, till she came to Goodman's-Yard , and there she turned down, and went into a Porch, and I after her. Well, says she, what will you give me now. Why indeed my Dear, says I again, I have got no Money at present, but if you'll oblige me so and so, I'll make ye Amends the next Time I see ye, for I live but a little Way off. Truly, says she, I can do nothing without ready Money, for I can't afford to trust. - Indeed my Dear you must for this once. - Will you be as good as your Word then? - Yes indeed I will Child. - Well then if I must, I must, and so, Sir, I laid her upon the Ground, for she was not afraid of daubing her Cloths, because she was then in as dirty a Pickle as she is in now. But however as foul as she was, I can't deny but that I did commit that filthy Sin upon her, and just in the Heat of Action, she cry'd out, The Watch, the Watch is a coming, get away and shift for your self. So I got off, and turn'd my Back upon her, and put up my Breeches, but the Watch not coming, I went to the Porch and felt for her there, but she was gone; then I felt in my Pockets, and found that all was lost. Well, says I, to my self, The Bitch had robb'd me, she has taken away every Thing that I had about me; my very Hair and Bladder and all, and I am an undone Man! So having no body to make my Apology to, I e'en walk'd home in that Condition. When she was taken, she said that she did not take the Things out of my Pocket, but found them in the Porch.
John Hardy , a Barber in White Chappel, thus depos'd. The Prisoner Sarah Jones offer'd me some of this Hair to sell. I examin'd her how she came by it, she said she had it of Isabel Lucky , who waited hard by. I look'd out, but she was gone. I took the Prosecutors, Pocket Book upon Jones, by which I found him out, and search being made after Lucky, she was taken at Billingsgate, in the Gravesend Tilt Boat, just as it was going off.
Lucky in her Defence said, that as she was going along Goodman's Yard, in the Dark, She Kick'd something soft before her, and taking it up, found it to be Hair. Jones in her Defence said that meeting Lucky, she ask'd her to drink, and desir'd her to sell the Hair for her, telling her that she had the Hair from a Sailor of her Acquaintance. Lucky was found guilty, value 10 d. and Jones Acquitted .
Thomas Jones thus depos'd. On the 5th of August, about 9 in the Evening, as I was coming along St. Martin's Lane, the Prisoner was sitting upon a Bench very drunk, and call'd to me, - What would you have good Woman, says I? - Give me a little Water, and I'll tell you a Secret. - What Secret, says I, Why, says she, Don't ye know that a Man was murder'd two Nights ago, Yes, says I, Well, says she, I held his Head, while his Throat was cut.
The Prisoner in her Defence, said that she never saw the Deceased, and that she was in an other Place when he was kill'd.
Several Witnesses depos'd, that the Prisoner was quite beside her Senses, and would say any Thing when she got drunk, that her Head had been so disorder'd by some unlucky Blows that she receiv'd from her Husband, who us'd to beat her unmercifully, that a Halfpennyworth of Geneva would make her speak all the Extravagancies of a Person in Bedlam.
A Watchman depos'd. That the Man was found Murder'd on the 3d of August about Midnight, and that on that Night, from 10 a Clock till 4 in the Morning, the Prisoner lay on a Bulk near his Stand, with Guinea Pigs in a Basket. Other Witnesses spoke to the same Effect, and the Jury Acquitted her.
Jane Cocker , alias Cowen , and Elizabeth Niles , alias Wise , were indicted, Cocker for stealing a Peticoat. value 10 s. the Goods of David Mings , July 2 . and Niles for receiving the same, knowing it to be stoln . Cocker was found Guilty , and Niles Acquitted .
Mary Sherman , Wife of Timothy Sherman , Vintner, of Covent-Garden ; was indicted for the Murder of Mark Shovat , by mixing a great Quantity of white Arsnick, being a deadly Poison, with Milk and Water, and sending the same to him to drink, on the 16th of August , which he drank, and was thereby Poisoned, and being variously Sick and Distemper'd, he languish'd till the 24th Day of the same Month, and then dy'd . She was a 2d Time indicted on the Coroners Inquisition for the said Murder.
Mr. Disney thus depos'd. On Saturday the 13th of August, I was sent for to visit the Deceas'd. He was lying upon his Bed, and complaining of a Cold that he got by crossing the Water, in his Return from Dr. Lloyd's Feast, that he had had a Pain in his Head, Back, and Limbs, and had since been taken with a Purging two or three Times a Day, which had partly remov'd his Pains. I advis'd him to Rhubarh to take off the Purging; and on Monday following I saw him again, and he was them pretty easy, and she Purging gone. - He sent for me again about 10 the same Night, and ask'd me if he might venture to go to Knights-Bridge next Morning, I advis'd him to stay a little longer, for I found him in a breathing Sweat, and a declining Feaver, which I thought would prove intermiring. I administred a proper Draught, and he was easier next Day, being Tuesday; but about 4 in the Afternoon his Feaver return'd, which left him in a breathing Sweat as before. About 10 at Night his Servant came to me, with a Vial of Liquid, which he said was sent to his Master by Mr. Godfrey, the Chymist, with Orders to take about half a Pint at Night, and as much in the Morning. I took it to be an Emulsion made with Orange-Flower Water, &c. and told the Servant that if Mr. Godfrey sent it, his Master might take it safely. - I went to visit the Deceas'd next Morning, and understood that he had taken thrice of that Emulsion, about a quarter of a Pint each Time. I found him very faint, and he told me that he had above 40Sou the preceeding Night, and was extreamly grip'd and crampt. I went to Mr. Ambrose Godfrey to know what it was that he had sent to the Deceas'd, Mr. Godfrey appear'd very much surpriz'd, and assur'd me that he
Mr. Belcher the Apothecary thus depos'd. I open'd the Stomach of the Deceas'd, and found no Inflamation till I came to the Duodenum, which was a little enflam'd. The great Guts were fill'd with Blood and Excrement, and bylous Juices, as is usual in Dysentries which ensue Diarrheas. I saw not the least Sympton of Poison, and verily believe that he dy'd a natural Death; I tasted some of the Emulsion that was left, it was grown a little Acid with keeping. I could not discover, that there was any thing Poisonous, or Hurtful, but I took it to be a Cooling Innocent Draught, made of Almonds, Barly-water, Orange Flower-water, Sugar, and some other harmless Ingredients. - I advis'd them to make some tryal of its Effect, upon a Puppy, or a Kitling, but they said, there was not enough left, to make the Experiment. - I cannot think that it was the Cause of the Deceaseds Death.
Mr. Godfrey the Chymist depos'd. That he knew nothing of sending that Emulsion to the Deceas'd, but he had try'd several Chymical Experiments upon what was left of it, and could not find, that it was in the least Poisonous, Purgative, or any way Hurtfull.
Dr. Hollings depos'd. That he believ'd the Potion was not Poisonous, and it might be a natural violent Looseness, that put an End to the Life of the Deceas'd.
Mrs. Smith thus depos'd. I live at the Bedford Coffee-House, on Monday Evening, the Prisoner with an elderly Gentlewoman and a Girl, came thither. and had a Pint of Attack made into Punch, after which, they desir'd something Cool, I brought her a Drink, which we call Oziat, which they drank, and the Prisoner liked it so well, that she took a Pint away with her, for which she paid a Shilling.
Mary Jarret the Prisoners Cook maid thus depos'd. On Tuesday Night, as I was sitting by the Fire, my Mistress call'd me to her, and said, Mary, I'll trust no body but you, I was last Night at the Bedford Coffee house, where I drank some pleasant Cool Liquor, and I brought this Pint home with me. Mr. Shovat at next Door. is ill of a Feaver, and I believe it will do him good, and therefore I'd have you carry it to him, - hold the Bottle by the Neck, that your Hands may heat it, as little as possible. - I was going with it, when bethinking my self, Pray Madam says I, if they should ask who sent it, what shall I say - Why tell them says my Mistress, that you brought it from Mr. Godfrey, and that Mr. Shovat must drink half a Pint to Night, and the rest in the Morning. So I carried it, and the next Day Mr. Godfrey came to our House very angry, and asked who it was, that carried any thing in his Name, to Mr. Shovat's, I told him that I had, and (as my Mistress had Instructed me;) that I had it from a Gentleman in Black, who came to our House, and whom I have seen several times is Mr. Shovats Company, Mr. Godfrey was in a great Pasion; and said that such a thing was enough to ruin his Credit, for Mr. Shovat was dangerously ill after it. He threatn'd me hard, and had me before a Justice, to make me discover who the Gentleman in black was, my Master Bail'd me. The Deceas'd grew worse, I was sadly frighten'd, and my Mistress appear'd very much concern'd, who would have thought, says she, that that Innocent Emulsion, should have done the poor Gentleman any hurt. But don't you be afraid, you can come to no harm, and I beg of you, not to tell who you had it of, for if it should be known, I shall be ruin'd, and that's what my Neighbours want. Now I knew as how that some of the Neighbours had been saying, as if my Master had been Jealous of Mr. Shovat, and therefore thought, if I told that my Mistress had sent him any thing, it might make them talk but the more, and bring her into a great deal of trouble, and so when I was carried before the Justice again, I still stood it out, that a Gentleman in black gave the Bottle; I was sent to the Round-house. Mr. Shovat dy'd, and at last it all came out. - I never knew that there had ever been a Quarrel, or Malice between the Deceas'd, and my mistress, he frequented our House, till the Day that he was taken ill.
Thomas Hanford the Deceas'd Servant thus depos'd. The Prisoner's maid brought the Emulsion, told me that it came from Mr. Godfrey, and that he order'd her, to see it carry'd up to my Master, but she being in haste, she went away before my Mistress came down.
Mrs. Shovat thus depos'd - I had been Married to the Deceas'd, about 10 Months. - I was call'd down to receive this Emulsion, which my Man told me, was left by Mr. Sherman's Cook. I sent for her, she told me it was given her, by a tall Man in black, who order'd her to say, it came from Mr. Godfrey; I ask'd her if Mr. Godfrey knew Mr. Shovat had a Feavor, she said yes, I ask'd if there was no strong Waters in it, she said it was an innocent Cool thing, and I might taste if I pleas'd. - I told her I had. She went away; I came in to my Husband, who being willing to have Mr. Disneys Opinion of it, he sent it to him. - Mr. Disney sent word, that he believ'd it was innocent, and if it came from Mr. Godfrey, he might venture to take it. So I set it by the Bed-side, and at three several times, I gave my Spouse a Quarter of a Pint of it - He was taken very ill about; in the Morning, he had a violent purging, the Gripes, Cramps, and Fainting Fits, and so he continued till Saturday, and then he voided several Ounces of Blood, and dy'd the Wednesday Morning following.
The Prisoner thus made her Defence. I acknowledge that I sent that Liquor to the Deceas'd, but as I had drank of it my self, and found it very harmeless, Cooling, and Pleasant, I thought it might do good, or at least no hurt to the Deceas'd in his illness, to whom I bore a respect as he was a Neighbour, a Customer, and a very Civil Gentleman. His free and familiar Carriage, had indeed created some uneasiness in my Husband, and from thence a few spitefull Neighbours, had taken occasion to be very liberal of their Censures, and therefore I was Cautious, in sending him that small present.
Mr. Shaw the Surgeon thus depos'd. I open'd the Deceas'd Body, the Day after his Death, and found not the least Symptom of Poison, nor any thing but what is common, and the natural Effect of Diarrhea and Dysentries. I have seen many in the like Case. - I drank half a mouthfull of the Emulsion that was left, and it did me no hurt, and I would have drank it all if desir'd, for I have frequently drank the same sort at the Coffee-house, and can depend upon my taste, that there was nothing mixt with it; Half a Pint of small Beer, or any other cool Liquid, would have had the same Effect, in the like distemper. The Jury Acquitted her.
Benjamen Wyersdale thus depos'd. I, my Wife, and a Kinswoman, having been at my Lord Castlemains Gardens, we were returning home in a Hackney Coach. It was a bright Moon light Night, and about Nine o'Clock when we came upon Cambridge-Heath , (between Bethnal Green and Hackney Road.) and there a Man upon a black Horse (or Mare) rode up to the Coachman, and holding out a Pistol, cry'd Stand! G - D - ye Stand! or I'll Shoot ye through the Head. My Wife sat facing the Horses, and I on the other side. The Man came up to me, and Claping a Pistol to my Breast, he said, D - ye deliver. I desir'd him to be Civil, and he should have my Money. Come, Come, G - D - ye says he deliver immediately. I gave him about a 11 s. and some Halfpence. G - D - ye says he, wheres your Gold, and your Watch, I told him I had none, Why then by G - I'll kill ye says he. I assure ye Sir says I, that I have given you all, and therefore I beg you would not use me ill. - My Wife then gave me 6 or 8 s. more, I gave it to him, he still cry'd, D - ye whereas your Gold! your Gold! I must have it. I again told him that I had none upon which he turn'd about Cock'd his Pistol, clapt it to my Breast, Swore he'd Shoot me, and then pull'd the Triger. The Flint struck Fire, but I believe the priming was blown away, so that it did not go off. Then he let the Coach pass, and we thought he was gone, but he quickly came up again and searched my Fob, he was going round to the other side of the Coach, and had like to have fallen in a Ditch, but recovering himself, he rode off towards Bednall Green, and we drove homeward, Shoreditch way. I believe the Prisoner to be the Man, I cannot Swear positively, though I did think then, that I had seen such a Face before, but could not remember where - When I came home, I was talking of my loss, and described the Man: and Horse as exactly as I could, and several people said, that it must be the Prisoner who was a Bricklayer , and liv'd not far from the Black Day, in Shoreditch, and keeps his Mare in a Stable near my House. I have since seen that Mare, and believe her to be the same.
Mary Wyersdale thus depos'd. I am positive that the Prisoner is the Man, that rob'd my Husband. I had some knowledge of him before, and I told my Husband so that next day, - and when he was carried before the
William Stout the Coachman. Confirm'd Mr. Wyersdells Evidence, and thus added. The Man was tall and thin, in a dark brown Coat, and a light Wig. He rode upon a black Beast with a white Bridle; I could not exactly observe his Face, because his Back was mostly towards me - On the Friday following, I went to see the Mare and the Prisoner, and do really believe that the Mare is the same, but I am not quite so certain as to the Man. However I had some talk with him, and he told me at first, that his Mare had not been out of the Stable, that Evening the Robbery was Committed, but afterwards he said, that his boy had taken her out to Water.
Mr. Wyersdale again depos'd. That when the Prisoners boy was Examin'd about the Mare, he said that he rode her to Bartholomew Fair, and return'd about 7 at Night. Most of this Deposition was corroberuted by George English , who sat upon the Coach-box with this Witness.
The Prisoner in his Defence, call'd several Witnesses to prove, that he was at another Place, when the Robbery was committed, who thus depos'd.
Mr. Pitman din'd with the Prisoner, after which they went together through Swan Fields, where the Prisoner had some work to do. There he found his Boy, and (it being Bartholomew Day) gave him half a Holiday, and order'd him to ride his Mare out to water in the Evening. - From thence they two went to Mrs. Barnets at Jeremy's Ferry, she owing the Prisoner some Money for work, and paid him 5 Guineas, he gave her a Receipt which was produced in Court. They staid drinking there till after 7 in the Evening. and then came away together. They were overtaken near the Shoulder of Mutton, by Mr Herbert a Bricklayer, who went with them to the Salmon and Ball, and call'd for a Pint of Wine, it was then about half an hour past 8. They had not sat long before a Hackney Coach came by, and the Coachman told somebody at the Door, that the Coach had been rob'd, by a Highwayman upon Cambridge heath, (which was but a little way from thence,) about 9 a Clock, they all three went to the Prisoner's Door, where Mr. Herbert left them, but Pitman kept him Company till a 11 a Clock, and he was sure, that the Prisoner was not upon any Horse or Mare that Night.
The Coachman depos'd, that he call'd at the Salmon and Ball Door, and told somebody that the Coach had been rob'd upon Cambridge-heath. And the Prisoners Boy depos'd. That between 6 and 7 a Clock in the Evening, he rode the Mare out to water upon Cambridge heath and return'd at 7 or a little after, and lockt the Mare up in the Stable, and he was sure she was out no more that Night. The Jury Acquitted the Prisoner.
John Hall , and Anthony Newel , were indicted for the Murder of John Nevitt , by aiding and abetting William Leneve (not yet taken,) who had bear and bruis'd the said Nevit, on the 28 of April , of which he languish'd till the 14 of May, and then dy'd .
It thus appear'd, Leuneve had Arrested the Deceas'd, who making some resistance, the other beat him violently, and call'd the Prisoners (who were likewise Bailiff s ) to his aid. They at last carry'd him in a dismal bloody condition, to Mr. Cross's House in Southwark , at whose Suit he was Arrested, for a Debt which originally was no more then two Pence half-penny, but now with the Charges, amounted to 24 Shillings, which was discharged by a Friend of his. When the Deceas'd came home, he complain'd to his Wife, that Leneve had bruis'd and lick'd him on the privy Parts, so that he should never be his own Man again. A Feaver succeeded, and he dy'd in about a Fortnight. The searchers that view'd his Body the next Day, depos'd, that he was very much bruised, that the Blood worked out at his Nose and Mouth in an unusual Manner, and that his Privities were swell'd as big as their 3 Fists, and turn'd as black as a Hat. Mr Thomson the Surgeon thus depos'd. I opened the Deceas'ds Body 4 Days after his Death, he was then bloated and all over black and blue, and the Grissel of his Nose broke, but I could not perceive any violent means of his Death. The Jury Acquitted them.
Jeremy Yates , alias Ates and William Gossip , alias Jessup , were indicted for Ravishing, and against her Will, carnally knowing Mary the Wife of James Haddon , August 11 . They were a 2d, time indicted for a Misdemeanor, in Assaulting with an intent to Ravish the said Mary Haddon .
Mary Haddon thus depos'd About 4 or 5 in the Afternoon, I went from my Lodgings at the End of Swallow-Street to Totenham Court Fair , with my Mistress and her Children; and while I was standing to hear a blind Fidler play, I lost my Company, and in the Evening up comes the two Prisoners, who were both Coachmen, and asked me if I'd have a Coach, which I at last agreed to. Then Jessup got upon the Coach-Box, and Yates put me into the Coach, and came in after me, and pull'd up the Windows. Jessup drove on, and I was sadly frighted, but knew not how to help my self, for Yates turn'd up my Peticoats, and lean'd his Breast so hard against my Mouth that I could not cry out; then he took hold of my Legs, and put them about his Middle, and by main Force lay with me, and had the carnal Knowledge of my Body, without my Consent. And so when he had done he went out, but I was in such a Condition, that what with the Fright, and what with having my Mouth stopt, and what with striving and strugling, I was quite spent, and out of my Senses, and ready to die away; and before I could recover my self, I found the other Prisoner, Jessup, was got into the Coach with me; how he came in, I don't know, but he ravish'd me as the other had done before, but at last, when all was over, I got Breath enough to cry out Murder, and then he turn'd me out of the Coach into the middle of the Road. They had used me so barbarously, that I was forc'd to call at a House by the Way, and could not get home till near 11 a Clock. My Husband saw that I was very much out of Order, he asked me where I had been, and what Company I had kept till that time of Night. I not telling him at first, he began to rave and curse like a Madman, and swore that he'd never lie with me again, if I did not satisfy him, and so at last I told him all, and besides I was afraid that they had given me the Clap.
Ann Delavot , a Midwife; thus depos'd. I searched Mary Hadden the next Day, and found that there had been force used with her, but whether it was done by her Husband or any other Person, is more than I can tell.
Other Witnesses depos'd, that Mary Hadden had told them how she had been serv'd, and that she had been very ill ever since.
The Prisoner Yates thus made his Defence. The Prosecutors Wife was my old Acquaintance, I have Lain with her many and many a good Time. - About 7 in the Evening, as I and Jessup were talking, we saw her in the Fair standing with another Man. How do ye Molly, says I, and how d'ye do Jerry says she. Now I was then out of Business, the Coach belonged to Jessup, and he had made several Turns from St. Giles's Pound, and so he asked me to go and drink, which I agreed to, and Molly left the other Man and went along with us. When we came from the Alehouse she would not go into the Coach, except I went in with her which I did. And she was well enough pleas'd with what past, for if any thing had troubled her she might have made Noise enough, and there were People enow in the Road agoing from the Fair - I have lain with her a whole Week together, at the King's-Arms in St. Martin's lane, for I was got upon the Loose then, and it cost me 7 half Crowns in Expences. - We have bedded together twenty and twenty Times in a Hayloft.
John Longfield thus depos'd. About a Year and an half ago, I was in Company with Yates and Mary Haddon , at the Kings Head in New Bond street, and from thence we went to his Mothers, but she told him, he should bring none of his Whores there, and so she would not let him in. It was a bitter cold Night, and at last I bethought my self, and carried them into our Hayloft. He and she lay at one end, and I at the other. - I heard her bid him lye close and keep her warm, and desir'd him not to let me have any thing to say to her, but for all that, when he had pleas'd his Fancy, he fell asleep, and then I crept softly to her, and found she was willing that I should keep her warm too, for in short I did the same as he had done with her before. - I met him and her about a Year afterwards, and then she told him she could not do with him as before, for now she was married.
Richard Teeling thus depos'd. The Monday after the Prisoners were apprehended, Mary Hadden was sitting upon a Bench in Piccadlly, and asked me to drink. - She told me that Yates did what he pleas'd with her, and she should never have concern'd herself about it, if he had not sent another Man.
Benjamin Aldridge , alias Samuel Wilson , was indicted for returning from Transportation, before the Expiration of 7 Years . It appear'd that he was transported in August 27. in the 10th Year of the King, for stealing 20 lb of Iron, from Richard Townsend . and that he was taken by a Watchman at the 7 Dials, where quarreling with a Woman, she charged him with returning from Transportation. Guilty . Death .
Joseph Harrison thus depos'd. About 9 at Night I met the Prisoners in Barbican I knew 'em to be loose Fellows, and that they had a Design upon me. For I had put'em in the Crown-Office, and sworn the Peace against them for threatening my Death and they had sworn Treason against me for cursing the King; and therefore being afraid they would do me a Mischief, I went into the Bell-Inn, and told the People there was, 2 Rogues laid in wait for me. I staid about an Hour, and then the Ostler went with me as far as Old Street . I told him he might go back then for I believ'd I was pretty safe, but I had not gone far before they set upon me, took away my Hat, and Wig, and 40 s. Then they put a Rope about my Neck, and haul'd me to a Bridge, that parts Cripplegate Parish and Shoreditch, and there they try'd the Rope to the Rail of the Bridge, and turn'd me over towards the Ditch, and left me hanging there by my self But how long I hung, or who cut me down, or whether I was cut down or no, I cannot tell, but I found my self lying upon the Ground, with a piece of the Rope about my Neck, and in a very deplorable Condition. John Bacchus thus depos'd. Between 10 and 11 at Night, I heard a Man making lamentable Moan by the Bridge; it was Moonlight, and I went to him, found him lying upon the Ground, with this piece of Cord (I think its a Garter) about his Neck, and another piece about the Rail, he told me that two Men had robb'd him first, and hang'd him afterwards, but who it was that unhang'd him, was more than he could inform me. The Ostler at the Bell thus depos'd. The Prosecutor came in and said 2 Men, that had swore Treason against him, dog'd him, and he was afraid to go home. I took a Gun loaded with small Shot, and went with him. - When we came to Old-street, he said he believ'd he was safe, for he could go the back Ways, and miss them. The Prisoners in their Defence, call'd several Witnesses of good Credit, to prove that they were in another Place when this pretended Robbery was committed. Henry Barns , Mary Barns and their Servants depos'd, that Smathers (who is a Weaver , and lodges at their House in Holloway street, Shoredich,) was not out of his own Room at any time that Night. Isaac Spring, and Mr. Birch depos'd, that Bradford was drinking at Birch's House (the Clothworkers Arms, in Red-Lyon street, White Chappel ) from 7 in the Evening, till half an Hour past 11 at Night. They appear'd to be Men of good Reputation. The Jury acquitted them. and the Court order'd Harrison to be committed to Newgate for Perjury.
Thomas Dalton , alias Doulton , was indicted for a Misdemeaner, in Assaulting Joseph Yates , with an intent to commit Sodomy with him . Joseph Yates then depos'd. About 9 at Night, as I was a sleep upon a Bench in St. James's park, the Prisoner waked me, and we walked together. He squeez'd my Hand hug'd me in his Arms, call'd me his dear, and ask'd me to go and drink with him. I guest at what he wanted, and so carried him to a Friends House of mine, (the Crown in the Strand ) opposite York-house. I took the Drawer aside, and told him, I had got a Sodomite, desir'd him to shew us a Room, and bring some Witnesses to stand privately, and watch my Gentlemans motions, and the Drawer did accordingly. This Evidence then, and several others after him, related the indecent and filthy behaviour of the Prisoner. Upon which the Jury found him Guilty .
Elias Northcott , alias Norgate , was indicted for stealing a black Gelding, value 12 l. the Goods of Elizabeth Stubblefield , August 8 . He was a 2nd time indicted for stealing a brown Gelding, value 9 l. the Goods of Thomas Green , August 8 . He was a 3d, time indicted for stealing a bay Gelding, value 4 l the Goods of William Witherly , August 9 . Mr Jenkins depos'd. That he bought the black Gelding of the Prisoner, in Aldersgate Street, and Thomas Stublefield depos'd, I had that Gelding was his Mothers, which she lost from Waltham Abby . Thomas Green depos'd. That he lost his brown Gelding from Waltham Abby , and found him again, in the Possession of Mr. Staples. Mr. Staples depos'd. That he bought that Horse of the Prisoner. Mr. Wetherwell depos'd. That he lost his bay Gelding from Waltham Abby , and found him at Mr. Whites Stables, in St. John Street. And John Sibley (Mr. Whites Man) depos'd. That that Gelding was brought thither by the Prisoner. The Prisoner thus made his Defence. I had the Horses of another Man to Sell for him in Smithfield, but when I was taken, they made such a noise and an uproar about me, that the Man heard of it, and got off, and I could never meet with him since. Guilty Death .
Edward Boswell , was indicted for Assaulting Thomas Rogers on the Highway, and robbing him of a Hat, value 18 d. July 14 . Thomas Rogers thus depos'd. I had been a merry making, and were coming a long Bolton Street in St. Giles's , between 1 and 2 in the Morning, when the Prisoner clap'd me on the Shoulder, ask'd me to give him a Pot. - I told him, there was no Alehouse open, or else I would, - he follow'd me, took my Hat off, and endeavour'd to strike up my heels. I ask'd him what he meant by it, and he drew his Sword or Bayonet, I know not which, and Swore he'd stick me, and so I ran away, and he after me a little way - He was taken in another Fact 3 Weeks after. A Watchman depos'd. That he heard the Prisoner ask the Prosecutor for a Pet, and saw him follow the Prosecutor, it being a Moon light Morning. Guilty Death .
Benjamin Ellmore , was indicted for a Misdemeanor in attempting to Commit Sodomy, with William Curry , aged 18, April 15 , But there being no Evidence against him, but Curry, who was committed to Newgate for the like Crime, The Jury Acquitted him.
Receiv'd Sentence of Death 12.
George Turner , Frances Blacket , William Allison , John Cartwright , Jane Martin , Jane Holmes , Katherine Fitzpatrick , Sarah Turner , Mary Robinson , Elias Northcott , Edward Boswell , Benjamin Aldridge .
Martin, Holms, Fitzpatrick and Turner pleaded their Bellies. A Jury of Matrons being impannell'd found that neither of them were with quick Child.
William Blick , Elizabeth Turner , Christian Yool , Margaret Robinson , Margaret Simonds , William Sheppard , Gilbert Tempest , John Deal , Mary Spurling , Hannnah Briton , Isabel Lucky , Jane Cocker , Thomas Pyner , Thomas Akers , and Mary Coats .