On Thursday, Friday, Saturday and Monday, being the 15th, 16th, 17th, and 19th, Days of January, 1690. And in the Second Tear of Their MAJESTIES Reign.
The Sessions of Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery of Newgate, held at Justice-Hall in the Old-Baily, on Thursday, Friday, Saturday and Monday, being the 15th, 16th, 17th, and 19th Days of December, 1690. Before the Right Honourable Sir Thomas Pilkington , Kt. Lord Mayor of the City of London, and Mr. Deputy-Recorder, with several other of Their Majesties Justices for the City of London, and the County of Middlesex.
The Jurors were as follow:
The Proceedings were these:
John Binlose , of the Parish of S. Dunstans in the West , was tryed for Felony and Burglary, in breaking the House of Richard Longford Gent , on the 15th of December last, with an Intention not only to rob him, but take away his Life , as was evidenced thus Mr. Longford being his Master, he sent him out to receive a certain Sum of Mony, namely 5 l. which was sent his Master by the Prisoners Father, the Prisoner being wont to do it, being his eldest Clark , but happening to imbezle it, he was in a great strait how to answer the same to his said Masters for the encompassing of which he first endeavoured to rob his Study; but failing in that, he attempted to murther him, by getting into his Master's Chamber, about one a Clock in the Night, and first feeling with his Hand whether he was asleep, after a Time, having a Penknife in his Hand, he struck it into Mr. Longford's Neck, about an Inch deep; after which Mr. Longford got up and struggled with him; the Prisoner getting his Sword made several Passes at his Master: After this he prick'd him in the Breast and cut his Hands, and gave him a Wound on his left-side: but at last Mr. Longford crying out Theeves, the prisoner surrendred himself to him, falling on his Knees and telling him that he was his Man Binlose, and being carried before the Lord Chief Justice, he ingeniously confessed the whole fact; as he did also upon his Tryal, having great Remorse of Conscience for his so notorious a Crime, being (as he himself said) under strong Temptations by the Common Enemy of Mankind, and that he must be stupendiously presumptous that would go about to abuse so good a Master, and could not be without Remorse, for he was grievously ashamed to express his Confession of so horrid a Crime, seeming very Pensive, &c. At last he was found Guilty both of Felony and Burglary.
H - F - was Indicted for Felony and Burglary, in stealing 30 Swords with Silver Hilts, value 80 l. and 14 l. in Money , on the 3d of November last. The Evidence was Richard Savadge , who lost the Goods out of his Shop in in Exchange-Alley , some of which Swords were found in a Trunk where the Prisoner lodged, and that the Prisoner owned that he had bought them of a Woman (when he was taken) for 3 Guineas: All which was fully proved against him. He called several Witnesses for his Credit, but that did not avail him. He could give but a slender Account of himself, so he was found Guilty of the Charge against him.
Anne Walters was tryed for stealing a Rose-Diamond set in Silver, value 400 l. from Moses Mokatoa Jew: who, after being sworn upon the Old Testament, declared, That the Prisoner was hired to be a Nurse in his House, where having lived about a Month, she went away, her Mrs and her having some small falling out; after she was gone the Prosecutor missed his Diamond: But the Evidence was but Presumptous, so she was Acquitted .
Joseph Trant and Sarah Rate , were both tryed for Felony and Burglary in breaking the Dwelling House of William Williams , in the Parish of S. Clements Danes , on the 26th of December last, and stealing a Silk-Pettycoat quitted, value 4 l. a Silk twilight 10 s. Night Gown, value 3 l. and some other Things of good value , the Goods of Alathea Ward Widow . The Evidence deposed, That the Garrat Window was broken open and the Goods were taken out of a Trunk and two Boxes, which were found broke upon; some of which Goods were found in the House of one Mrs. L - , a Prisoner in Newgate: who said That Trant brought them to her. But there being some Defect in the Indictment, an Amendment was ordered to be made: And they being called again, Trant was found Guilty of Felony and Burglary, but the Woman was Acquitted .
John Jesson , was Tryed for stealing 6000. Bricks, vlaue 3 l. the Goods of William Peryll , the Evidence declared that he had several times lost his Bricks, but he could swear but to 10. that the Prisoner confest he took before the Justice; yet the Jury were so favourable as to acquit him.
Ann Webb , was Indicted for stealing a Gold Wedding Ring , from the Wife of Leonard Bickery , on the 21. of December Bickery's Wife said, That she met her coming out of her Closet where the Ring was, the Key being left in the door and after she mist it; the Prisoner denyed it stifly at her Tryal, and some Witnesses were produced for the Prisoner, who endeavoured to have the Court believe it to be Malice in the Prosecutor, and said that she had always lived honest and took great pains for her livelihood, she was acquitted .
Elizabeth Read , was Tryed for stealing 5 l. in Mony from one Matthew Rymer , on the 9th of this Instant January . The Prisoner was but a young Girle , who was a servant to the Prosecutor, and did confess (being taxed by her Master) that she had taken away the Mony all in a lump, as she called it, and had given it to a tall lusty Man; but she denyed it at her Tryal, and said, that she did not know what she did; and had some Evidence that gave a favourable account of her former Education, yet notwithstanding she was found Guilty of Felony.
Elizabeth Banister , was Arraigned for stealing a Silver Cup, and Tankard, and several Silver Spoons , from one Thomas Williams ; but the Felony being committed on the 20th of March last, she was acquitted by vertue of Their Majesties most Gracious Pardon .
After an Interpreter was sworn, the Evidence swore, That those two Prisoners came, from Holland in the Packet Boat with the Deceased into England, having but little Acquaintance before, yet when they were here, they both wanting Mony and hearing that Mr. Harder had plenty, they laid wait for him, and Assassinated him, near Chelsy, in a most Inhumane manner, giving him no less than Seven Wounds in his Body with their Swords, one of which was of the breadth of half an Inch, and of the depth of six Inches, besides Rifleing of him of about 15 or 16 Crowns, and a Tabaco Box; after which, search being made for the Murtherers, F - was found in his Lodging, who presently denyed the Fact without being taxed, which gave great suspition, but Rantzau was taken amongst the Dutch Guards at Dartford, who did freely confess the Murther, and cryed out, Oh that I should be so unfortunate as to come into England to Murther so Innocent a Man! And when they were taken their Swords were Bloody; F - said that he had killed a Dog, and after said that he had never cleaned his Sword since he was at a Fight beyond Sea near Fleury, but that was a double Story; and it was proved that he was in company with the Deceased at Chelsey the same day that the Murther was done, and the Deceased's Shirt, and one of the Swords of the Prisoners, was produced in Court as a further Testimony against them, though the matter appeared very Strenuous and Pregnant before, even in all the Circumstances of it. The Prisoner, Rantzau, said, That F - was Innocent, and did not deny the Fact at his Tryal, but said that there were three more Out landish Men that assisted him: F - denyed the Fact; and that he was never at Chelsey. The Box was proved to be the Deceased, as was well known by the Maker, as also by Collonel Willet, his endeared and most Affectionate Friend. In the end, after a full hearing, Rantzau was found Guilty of wilful Murther, but, the Evidence being not positive in all its Circumstances against F - , he was acquitted .
Felix Don Lewis , Thomas Pattrick and S - B - , were all Indicted for Forgery, in Counterfeiting a certain Bond, bearing date the first day of May, in the Fourth Year of the late King James, in the Name of one Thomas Falconer for Threescore Pound of Lawful English Mony, payable to one John Swayne, who they pretended was gone beyond Sea , Pattrick acknowledged himself to be Swayne before Sir Miles Cook , and B - justified his name to be Swayne. And on the first day of November, they did publish and produce the said false Bond to one William Gilmore , who was Executor of the aforesaid Thomas Falkner; desiring him to pay the aforesaid Sum which he refused, doubting of a Cheat: The Witnesses to the false Bond were, one John Whately , Francis White and James Browne , the latter of which confest that he was drawn into the business by the urgent Sollicitations, and cunning Devices, of the 3 Prisoners which he readily confest in Court. The Bond was fully proved to be the same for that they had ingenuously Forged Falknor's hand. There were abundance of Circumstances that attended the Cheat, for two Papers of Pattricks own Hand writing, containing a true Confession of the whole matter, were produced in Court, how that B - came to him, and told him, That he should Personate one Swayne, and that Falconer and his Wife were dead, and could not contradict the Bond; and that he should say, That Swayne lent the Mony in such a place, at such a time, to the said Falconer, and that Lewis was also concerned in the whole Series of the Trick, and that he filled up the Bond with his own hand; but Lewis denyed the Fact firstly, and was very Peremptory in his Behaviour. B - did strive to Extenuate the Crime, but Patrick ingenously confest The whole Matter: So, after a long and distinct hearing, they were all found Guilty of Forgery.
William Harryes , of St. Giles's in the Fields , was Tryed for the Murther of one John Watson , giving him a Mortal Wound upon the left Pap with a Sword of the depth of Two Inches, of which he instantly dyed , it being the 5th day of this Instant January . It happened that the Deceased and another Man were Fighting, and the Prisoner coming by he intermedied, and would have them Fight fairer; upon which the Deceased, in a surly manner, asked him if he would Fight, telling him he would cut his Ears off, so the Deceased drew his Hanger and made at him, upon which the Prisoner drew his Rapier in his own Defence, and so happened to give him the Wound; all which the Prisoner did not deny at his Tryal; upon which he was found Guilty of Manslaughter .
Margaret Roberts was tryed for robbing her Master , one Thomas Saltmarsh , of 16 Guineas and 3 l. 5 s. in Money , on the 8th of January . The Prisoner absented herself from her Master's Service for a considerable Time, which gave a great Suspicion, and when she was taken she confess'd to have taken 4 Guineas from her Master, but none of the other was found in her Custody. She was found Guilty .
Samuel Porter alias Vane and Mary Porter his Wife , were Arreigned upon two Indictments, the first for High Treason, in Clipping the Current Coyn of this Kingdom . The second for Forging, Counterfeiting and Making three score Pieces of False Money, made of Copper, Tin, and other mixed Metals, &c It was declared against them, That they had been heard to Clip several times, and that one Michael Wright was concerned with Porter, since fled -and there were Shears, Files, and some Clippings found in their Room. Much Evidence were produced, one of which swore positively, That he saw Porter and Michael Wright actually Clip several Shillings, &c. and Mary his Wife was heard to say, That Wright was an Artist at Clipping. They both denyed the Fact, and that they knew nothing of the Matter: Yet he was found Guilty of High-Treason, but the Law in such a Case being render of the Wife, she was Acquitted .
The Evidence against them, concerning the False Money, Swore, That it was found in their Chamber, and several Crucibles and other Instruments fit for the Work: And that they were heard to make a great Noise, by stamping at several Times, particularly one Sunday-Night from 10 a Clock till 4 in the Morning: But none saw them actually forge the Money, and they both denyed the Fact, so were Acquitted of that Second Indictment.
Joseph Trant was a second Time Indicted, for breaking the House of Giles Duncomb Esquire , on the 17th of November , and taking away a Gold-Watch, with a Gold Seal, and two Gold Rings, 5 Handkerchiefs, a Gold Locket, with wearing Apparel, all amounting to a very great Value . The Evidence was, That the Thieves came in at the Garret Window, and that the Closet Door was shut wherein was most of the aforesaid Goods. The Prisoner was apprehended at Windsor with the Watch and the Locket, and the Rings found in his Custody. He denyed it at his Tryal, yet was found Guilty of Felony and Burglary.
Anne Stephens was Indicted for murthering her Female Bastard Infant Child , on the 4th Day of this instant January . The Evidence was, That she brought forth the Child privately in her Chamber, after which she conveyed it into the House of Office: which was plainly sworn against her, and that the Child's Jawbone was broke, and the Face of it was cut with a Pair of scissers, on the corner of the Mouth 2 Inches deep and one in length. She had nothing to say for her self, so was found Guilty .
Jane Carr , Wife of Robert Carr , was tryed for Robbing one Jane Kneaves of 30 s. in Money, on the 2d of December . The Evidence was Kneaves, who said, That she Pick'd her Pocket in Leaden-Hall-Market , but the Prisoner feeling her tampering about her, she immediately dropt the Money on the Ground, and the Prosecutor had the Money again. The Prisoner had nothing material to say but pleaded Poverty, & was found Guilty of Felony.
Mary Savidge and John Richey were both Indicted for Stealing from Francis Jackeman , on the 14th of December , one silk Gown, value 20 s. one Petticoat 30 s. one laced Night Royle val. 5 l. one Suit of Flanders Lace 4 l. two Gold Rings, and Silk-Gowns and divers other things of good value , from Francis Jakeman aforesaid and one Judith Hawton . Jakeman swore, That Mary Savadge was his Servant , and he had a Suspicion of her, because she had behaved her self very ill in her Service, and that Richey came to invite her to go to a Funeral with him, a little before the Robbery was committed, and she was found in several stories when first asked about it: But the Evidence not being strong enough to charge them home, they were both Acquitted .
B - E - was tryed for Felony, in stealing from Mr. Tho. Ives on the 1st of October last, 4 China Plates and 4 China Sawcers, and Serge Curtains and Vallens, and divers other Goods of good value , The Evidence was, That Mr. Ives took Lodgings of the Prisoner, and laid in the aforesaid Goods in the same, some of which the Prisoner had imbezled and conveyed away, by breaking open the Chests. Upon her Tryal she denyed it all: and the Prosecutor swore to a Pillowbeer, which was not in the Indictment, so she was Acquitted .
Robert Cook was Tryed for stealing 3 Bushels of Wheat, value 7 s. 6. 2 Deal-Boards, value 10 d. from John Goodlopp some of the Wheat and one Board were found in Cook's House, and he confess'd the Wheat, but not the Boards, before the Justice; but upon his Tryal he said, He took the Wheat for want of his Wages, his Master not being at home. Upon the whole he was found Guilty to the value of 10 d.
G - D - , an Ancient Man, was Tryed for being Married to one Frances Jones Widow, at Westchester, on the 6th day of October, in the 24th Year of the Reign of our Late Sovereign Lord Charles the Second, and afterwards was Marryed to one Christian Artichel at Dukes Place , the former Wife Jones, being alive , which Woman came as an Evidence against him. The Prisoner denyed that he was ever Married to Jones. The second Marriage was endeavoured to be proved, but the Evidence was short. The Prisoner said at last, That he would not own either of them, neither would he deny them, and they might do what they would; so the Jury immediately Acquitted him.
Robert Pearse , was Indicted for Robbing Charles Pledwell , in the King's Highway, on the 2d of December last, and taking away a Gold sealed Ring, value 10 s. a Silver Hatband, value 2 s. 4 d. Upon the Evidence it was made appear that there had been a former Quarrel, or old Grudge, between the Prisoner and Pledwell, (he having been Servant to Pearse before, and he claimed the Ring to be his) about Pledwells Marrying a Woman that lived formerly with Pearse. Pearse assalted him in a Tavern, the Prisoner coming into the Room where Pleadwell and his Wife were sitting, and violently pulled her Ear Rings out of her Ears, and drew a Byonet swearing he would cut his hand off, if he would not give him the Ring off his Finger, and drew a Pistol, threatning to shoot him. This was Evidence for the Ring. The Prisoner denyed that he offered any Violence, and he said Pleadwell had Robed him; he called one Mr. Trymmer to prove what he asserted, who said, That the Prisoner had not the Ring, and the Hatband sell off in the Scuffle: So the matter appeared to be more like a Trespass than a Robbery, in the end he was acquitted .
Christopher Pearse , was Tryed for a Robbery in the High-way, together with Tho. Cox since Executed, on the 23d of July last . It was made appear thus, viz. That the Prisoner and another Man met one Bowcher in Honslow-Hearth , and pulled him off his Mare by the Hair of his Head, and took away the Mare, price 7 l. and a piece of Gold, and two Gold Rings; which Mare (being put into the Gazette) was found after in the Prisoners Stable. The Prisoner denyed it, and said that he was none of the Man, and called some Witnesses to prove it; one of which said, That the Prisoner was with him and several others at an Execution at Tyburn, the same day that the Robbery was committed; yet the Evidence for the King constantly affirming their former Depositions, he was found Guilty of the Robbery.
Nicholas Carter , and Giles Webb , two Pick-pocket Boys, were Tryed for taking a Beaver Hat off the Head of one Mr. William Cummins . value 3 l. 2 s. on the 2d of December last, as he was passing along Brumleystreet, near Short's Gardens , which was fully sworn against Carter, besides he did confess it when taken, and they were both together when the Robbery was done. They both denyed it stifly, and were known in Court, Carter was found Guilty to the value of 10 d. but Webb was acquitted .
Charnell Hayter , was Indicted for breaking the House of Edward Brooks , on the 2d of March last, between the hours of two and four in the Afternoon, and carrying off a Silver Tankard, value 10 l. Two Salvers, value 5 l. 18 s. a Poringer, value 3 l. 1 s. and 5 l. in Mony, and divers other Goods of value . The Evidence discovered the whole Matter at large, how that the Prisoner had been a Setter for High way-men and Robbers for a long time, and that he was not in the said Brooks House, but watcht at the corner of the Street, whilest another Man went into the House, and brought away the Plate and Mony aforesaid, and some Rings; which Plate they sold for 30 l. and after shared the Mony. The Prisoner told a fair Story, in behalf of his innocency, complaining of Malice in the Prosecutors; and having no hand in breaking the House, only stood as a Spy, he was after a long hearing, acquitted .
Charles Hodson and Hannah his Wife , were Indicted for the Murther of John Meeres , Gent. giving him a Mortal Wound upon the left Part of his Breast, near his Collar Bone, with a Chizel, of the Depth of four Inches, on the 27th Day of December , of which he languishing lived till the 12th of January and then dyed : Hannah was Indicted as Accessary, her Husband as Principle. The Evidence swore, That the Deceased was seen to give the Prisoner a Box on the Ear; and that the Prisoner afterwards strook the Deceased upon the left Breast, and gave him a Wound, which was the occasion of his Death. The Prisoner said, That the Deceased struck his Wife in the High-way, and was very abusive; so in the end he was found Guilty of Manslaughter , but she was Acquitted .
Mary Maryone was Tryed for breaking the House of John Henford , and stealing away several Silks and Damask, all to a great value . The Evidence swore, That his House was broaken open, and that the Prisoner had some of his Goods, which she bought of a End of Gold and Silver Woman; and she confessed before the Justice that she had them of the Woman aforesaid, and having good Evidence of it the Jury found her Innocent
Thomas Pitcher alias Healing , was Indicted for Counterfeiting twenty Pieces of King James's Shillings, made of Copper, Tynn, and other Metals, &c. The Evidence was, That he was seen to Forge and make the Money, he being a Smith by Trade, under Pretence of following his Calling had Opportunity to accomplish his Projects in this Nature: And that there was one John Moor and Thomas Taylor who were concerned with the Prisoner; and he had Money that was Clip'd seen in his Hand. The Prisoner denyed it, and the Jury were not fully satisfied with the Validity of the Evidence, so he was Acquitted .
Richard Kelly was Tryed for robing the Right Honourable Charles Earl of Westmorland , on the fourth of December last, of two Silver Plates, value seven Pound ten Shillings . The Evidence swore, That the Prisoner was a Servant to my Lord Westmorland, in Northamptonshire, and that the Plates lay in the Bake-house (he being Baker ) a long Time, till they were forgot; and at last he brought them to London and melted them down. The Prisoner said, That they were brought out of Ireland, but could not prove it; and he had confessed the Fact before the Justice, when taken; so he was found Guilty of the Felony.
On Fryday, the 2d day of this Sessions, my Lord Preston, John Ashton and Edmund Elliot , were all Arrained for High Treason, my Lord Preston was Tryed on Saturday by the name of Sir Richard Graham , Mr. Ashton on Monday. The Indictments against them consisted of Two Parts, the First of which set forth, That they had a Treasonable Design carrying on to Depose the King and Queen, and to Subvert and Alter the Government of the Kingdom of England, and to raise War and Rebellion in the same; which said Traiterous and Wicked Designs and Purposes to bring to pass, they did, on the 29th of December last, Meet and Conspire together, with
After this the Evidence for the King being called, gave an Account particularly from Step to Step, how cunningly and subtilly they managed this horrid Conspiracy, by hiring the Smack called the Thomas and Elizabeth, to convey them secretly into France; in order to which they took Water in a Skuller at Surrey-Stairs, and went on Board the aforesaid Vessel, which lay in the River of Thames over against the Tower: From thence they set Sail down the River, till coming within the View of the George Frigate, lying in Long-reach, they desired the Master of the Smack to hide them under the Quarter-Hatches; which was done, they having some Fear of being discovered: There they remained till past that Danger, and then came up; but when they were within Sight of Gravesend they hid again, and a little below it Captain Billop came aboard them, under Pretence of Pressing the Masters two Men, who were assistants to him; but indeed his Design and real Intention was to find out those Traytors, which, upon Search, he found lying along under the Hatches; and after their being haled up he search'd them, and found a Pacquet of Treasonable Papers in Mr. Ashton's Bosom: which he with the Prisoners carried before my Lord Nottingham; who examined the Papers, and after being examined by the Cabinet Council they were committed to the Tower. The Evidence was very full and plain against them both, much to the same effect and purport: The Letters being also Read against them in Court, were adjudged to be of no less Import than High-Treason. Upon the whole they had nothing material to offer in their Defence; so after a very long hearing, they were both found Guilty of High Treason. Edmond Elliot was ordered to remain till further order.
Tryals being over, the Court gave Sentence thus,
Burnt in the Hand 3.
Received Sentence of Death 14.
Sir Richard Graham and John Ashton, to be Drawn, Hanged and Quartered, for High-Treason.
H - F -
Francis Leitchfeild,formerly convicted.
Robert Cook, for Stealing three Bushels of Wheat and 2 Deal-Boards, was ordered to be Whipped from Newgate to Holbourn-Bars.
Felix Don Lewis, Thomas Pattrick and S - who were convicted for Forgery, were ordered stand in the Pillory at the Royal Exchange in Cornhil, and one of each of their Ears to be cut off, and to continue in Prison for twelve Months after, according to the Intent of the Statute in that Case made and provided, &c.
*** England's Alarm: or, the French-King's Cruelties Exposed. Containg a True Account of what Usage these Three Nations may expect, if ever they are so unhappy as to become a Prey to that most Cruel and Bloody Tyrant. Humbly offered to the serious Consideration of all such Protestants as endeavour to promote the Power of France, and Enslave these Protestant Kingdoms. Printed for L. C. near Fleet-Bridge.
*** If any Gentleman or Gentlewoman have a desire to learn to speak Latin or French Truly and Properly, and to Explain any Author according to Grammer Rules, and can but spare two hours a Week, Charles Switerda, Esq; Prosesteth a very short and easie Method to teach them the said Language in one Tear. Those who have learned formerly may recover it in 3 or 4 Months, He Teachesh alsouther Languages in a very short time. And if any one desires a Succinct Grammer in 2 Sheets of Paper, or a Pack of Grammatical and Historical Cards, they may have it at his Lodgings, viz. where he Teacheth in Clements Lane, near Canon street, at the Coffin, and in Holbourn at the Hand and Feather, over against Grayes-Inn.
*** Whereas a Mistake was commited in some of the Printed Papers of Sir John Johnson, last Dying Speech, as if he should mean the Apocherary in Newgate-street did cause him to be apprehended: This is therefore infested, by the Order, it Langley Curtiss (who printed he said speech) there it was not the said Apothecary, but his former Landlord.
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