THE ORDINARY of NEWGATE, His ACCOUNT of the Behaviour, Confession, and Dying Words, OF THE MALEFACTORS, Who were Executed at TYBURN, On WEDNESDAY the 18th of March, 1740.
THE ORDINARY of NEWGATE, His ACCOUNT of the Behaviour, Confession, &c.
AT the King's Commission of Oyer and Terminer, and Goal-Delivery of Newgate, held before the Right Hon . Humphry Parsons, Esq ; Lord-Mayor of the City of London; the Rt. Hon. Lord Chief Justice Wills, the Hon. Mr. Baron Carter, the Hon. Sir John Strange, Knt . Recorder ; and the Worshipful Mr. Serjeant Urlin, Deputy-Recorder of the City of London; and others his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer for the said City, and Justices of Gaol-Delivery of Newgate, for the said City and County of Middlesex, at Justice Hall in the Old-Bailey, on Thursday, Friday, Saturday, Monday, and Tuesday, the 4th, 5th, 6th, 8th and 9th of Dec. and in the 14th Year of his Majesty's Reign.
Seven Men, John Runsbergh, Joseph Huddle, Daniel Jackson, Thomas Coates, Thomas Nash, Richard Quail, and Robert Legross, were by the Jury convicted of capital Crimes, and had Sentence of Death passed upon them. Also,
At the King's Commission of Oyer and Terminer, and Goal Delivery of Newgate, held before the Rt. Hon : Humphry Parsons, Esq ; Lord-Mayor of the City of London; the Rt. Hon. Lord Chief Baron Probyn, the Hon. Mr. Justice Wright, the Hon. Mr. Justice Fortescue, the Hon. Sir John Strange, Knt . Recorder ; the Worshipful Mr. Serjeant Urlin, Deputy-Recorder of the City of London, and other his Majest's Justices of Oyer and Terminer, for the City of London, and Goal-Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City and County of Middlesex, at Justice-Hall in the Old-Bailey, on Friday, Saturday, Monday, and Tuesday, the 16th, 17th, 19th, and 20th of Jan. 1740-1. and in the 14th Year of his Majesty's Reign.
Six Men, viz. John Sheriff, John Elwar, George Stacey, Matthias Dennison, Charles Shooter, John Cat, and seven Women, viz. Ann Greenhall, Sarah Murrel, Elizabeth Fox, Priscilla Mahon, Catherine Lineham, Mary Young, and Elizabeth Davis, were by the Jury found Guilty of capital Crimes, and received Sentence of Death. Likewise,
At the King's Commission of Oyer and Terminer, and Goal-Delivery of Newgate, held before the Rt. Hon . Humphry Parsons, Esq ; Lord-Mayor of the City of London; the Hon. Mr. Justice Page, the Hon. Mr. Justice Parker, the Hon Mr. Baron Abney, the Hon. Sir John Strange, Recorder ; and the Worshipful Mr. Serjeant Urlin, Deputy-Recorder of the City of London, and others his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer for the City of London, and Goal-Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City and County of Middlesex, at Justice Hall, in the Old-Bailey, on Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, and Saturday, the 25th, 26th, 27th, 28th of Feb. and Monday the 2d of March 1740-1. and in the 14th Year of his Majesty's Reign.
Eight Men, viz. Richard Brabant, Philip Lipscomb, John Cassody, Robert Hant, Robert Parsonson, John Davis, Robert Birch, John Tims, and three Women, viz. Ann Lucas, Dorothy Middleton, and Hannah Robinson, were by the Jury convicted of Capital Crimes, and received Sentence of Death.
Whilst under Setence, they, having been very vicious, and many of them very ignorant, and very young, were instructed in the first Principles of Religion, and afterwards in the whole Christian System of Salvation through Jesus Christ, suitable to their Circumstances and Capacities.
The great Injustice and Villainy of Theft and Robbery, was insisted on, how disagreeable it is to, and how destructive of human Society, and how near approaching it is to that execrable Crime of Murder, such Rogues never standing at Murder in case of Opposition in their villainous Attacks.
They were all exhorted to a lively Faith in Christ, and a sincere Repentance for all their Sins, which is the only Way to be delivered from Sin, together with all the direful Effects thereof, as the Wrath of God, and eternal Damnation.
Whilst these and many such like Exhortations and Instructions were given, all of them attended in Chapel, were attentive to Prayers, and appeared serious in Devotion. John Runsberg came to Worship, behav'd decently, was sick sometimes, and very desirous of Prayers and Instructions, but sorry, being a Foreigner, he could not understand our Language well. Joseph Huddle lay a-bed most of the Time, in a miserable Condition, pretending Want of Cloaths, but when provided with some Necessaries, he attended with the rest. Daniel Jackson came up but two or three Times before and after Sentence, being desperately wounded, of which no one had the least Intimation till the Day before he died; but he always appear'd confus'd and very disconsolate. Coates was up only once or twice, continuing sick till he died. Nash was very ill a long Time, but when he recovered, he constantly attended with the rest, and behav'd with Decency. Quail was very quiet and conformable, and did not absent himself from Chapel though he was of the Popish Communion , as was likewise Ann Greenhall and John Elwar. Charles Shooter was a very little Boy, about Thirteen or Fourteen Yeaas of Age. John Catt, Mary Young, and Elizabeth Davis, behaved well and in a Christian Manner. Mary Young wet sometimes in Prayers and Singing of Psalms. Philip Lipscomb, was a poor, quiet, disconsolate Creature. Cassody and Hurt attended, but was both inclined to the Romis Persuasion. Davis pretended Sickness, but when I visited him, seemed desirous of Prayer and Instructions. Parsonson expressed a deep Penitence, and his Behaviour was very decent and commendable. Richard Brabant expressed by his sober Behaviour a sincere Repentance, and seem'd truly affcted with the melancholly Circumstances of his most unhappy Condition. Thomas Davis continued sick all the Time, and unwilling to give any Satisfaction. Dorothy Middleton and Hannah Robinson, were always sick, but when I visited them, they behaved well. Ann Lucas, tho' an infamous Creature, sat very quiet.
Upon Wednesday the 11th of March, Report was made to his Majesty in Council of the Thirty-one Prisoners under Sentence of Death in the Cells of Newgate; when John Rusberg, of Chiswick, for assaulting William Collier on the King's Highway, putting him in Fear, and taking from him 6 d in Money, the Money of the said William Collier, Nov. 19. Charles Shooter, of St. Botolph's, Bishopsgate, for stealing a Worsted Purse, value 2 d. 2 of 3 l. of twelve Shilling Pieces, 28 of thirty six Shilling Pieces, four Guineas, and a Half Guinea, the Money of Robert Barnard. Sarah Murrel, of St. Leonard, Shoreditch, for stealing a Burdet Gown, Value 5 s. four Muslin Hoods, Value 4 s. a Velvet Hood, Value 4 s. a gold Ring, Value 15 s. a Pair of silver Buckles, Value 7 s. Eight Portugal Pieces, Value 28 l. 16 s. two Guineas, and 11 l. 2 s. in Money, the Goods and Money of Richard Griffith, in his Dwelling house, Dec. 6. Ann Greenhall, alias Gallough, of St. Martin's in the Fields, for stealing a strip'd Lutestring Gown and Pettycoat, Value 40 s. a Paduasoy Gown, called a Sack, Value 20 s. a Tabby-Night Gown, Value 20 s. a Man's Sattin Gown, Value 10 s. a Callicoe Bed quilt, Value 5 s. Two Dimmity Petticoats, Value 3 s. a Sattin quilted Petticoat, Value 10 s Nine Shis, Value 40 s. Five Shirts, Value 5 s. Six Damask Clours, Value 5 s. one Lutestring Apron with Bugles, Value 2 s. the Goods of Mary Smith, in the Dwelling house of James Riggs, Dec. 17. Matthias Dennison, for the same two Robberies with George Stacey, as hereafter mentioned. Elizabeth Davis for the same Robbery with Mary Young, as below. Ann Lucas,
of St. Paul, Covent Garden, for stealing 4 Guineas, a Roman Sequin, Value 10 s. the Money of Gerard Brooks, in the Dwelling house of Thomas Richards, Feb 26 Hannah Robinson, for the same Burglary with Dorothy Middleton, as below. Mary Nash, alias Goulding, for assaulting George Stacey, in the Dwelling house of William Needham, putting him in Fear, &c. and taking from him a Moidore, a 36 Shilling Piece, and 30 Guineas, Nov. 20. This Trial was in February Sessions, 1739-40. Margaret Newell, of St. Giles's in the Fields, for privately stealing a gold Watch, and a gold Chain and Seal, Value 15 l. from the Person of the Chevalier Charles Rusca, March 9. This Trial was in March Sessions, 1739-40. N. B. These two last were by the Jury of Matrons found with quick Child, but not being so, they were brought to their former Sentence, and Cathorine Lineham, for the second Robbery with George Stacey and Matthias Dennison, as below. All these received his Majesty's most gracious Reprieve. The following Twenty were ordered for Execution, viz. Joseph Huddle, Thomas Nash, Richard Quail, Robert Legrose, Elizabeth Fox, Priscilla Mahon, John Eiver, George Stacey, John Catt, Mary Young, Richard Brabant, Philip Lipscomb, John Cassody, Robert Hurt, Robert Parsonson, Robert Birch, James Timms, and Dorothy Middleton.
Thomas Coates and Thomas Nash, of St. Ann, Black-Fryars, were indicted for breaking and entering the Dwelling-house of Hugh Dixey, between the Hours of one and two in the Night, and stealing one large Pottage-pot, Value 25 s. one Copper Pottage-pot, Value 10 s a Copper Tea-kettle, thirty pewter Plates, twelve pewter Dishes, a copper warming Pot, a Funnel, a Gallon pot, a Box Iron and Heater, a Wooden Box, 6 lb. of Tobacco, and 13 Knives and Forks, the Goods of Hugh Dixey, Nov. 11.
1. Thomas Coates, 22 Years of Age, born in Old Gravel Lane, of honest Parents, had not much Education, and being a perverse Boy, was careless, and not willing to learn much: When of Age, he was put Apprentice to a Turner in Little Britain, and served Part of his Time, but not faithfully as he ought to have don, keeping bed Hours, and the worst of Company, who hurried him to his Ruin; these vicious Practices he was us'd to before he went to Business, having been engag'd with a Gang of Thieves about apping, and Shadwell when young, so that he was an old Practitioner in that Way. He own'd the Burglary in Black-ryars, he was convicted of, that he had a chief Hand in it, was an older Offender than Nash, his Companion, and prompted him to go about such villainous Actions; he also acknowleged four or five more Burglaries; that he us'd to pick Pockets, for which he was once sent to Bridewell, where he remain'd 4 or 5 Weeks, and receiv'd the Discipline of the House, but was never in Newgate till now, when capitally convicted. In his dying Hours, he lamented for being too much given to wicked Women, and drinking, and his breaches of the Sabbath, which were the cause of his Misfortunes. He confest he was a pilfering Thief, and not having the Fear of God, never went to Church, but was very wicked in many Respects; he was Sick all the Time, but a Day or two; I visited him several Times, he protest Penitence, and was desirous of Prayers, and Instructions. Though he did not seem very weak, ye he died in his Cell, a Day or two after Daniel Jackson, who was condemn'd for the Murder of his Wife.
2. Thomas Nash, for the same Burglary, with the above Thomas Coates, 19 Years of Age, of honest Parents, who gave him good Education at School, to read, write, and cast Accompts to fit him for Business, and Instructed him in the Christian Principles, which he very little minded, being a very obstreperous, and unadviseable Boy; when young, he serv'd a Grocer , and some other Gentleman, in what little Affairs he was capable to do; and afterwards having some Friends to take Care of his Education, they bound him Apprentice to a Coach Carver , to whom he served his Time honestly, till he was taken up for the Crime he suffered for, having hitherto maintained the Character of an honest Boy: But then began to neglect his Business, join'd bad Company, who led him into the destructive Paths of Vice and Wickedness, which speedily ended in his total Ruin. He contracted a base Habit of going to Gin-shops, Morning and Evening, where he was first acquainted with Coates, and other wicked People, who gave him the worst of Counsel, which he was too ready to receive. For some Years past, he never went to Church, but prophan'd the Lord's Day in a vile Manner, and was a most wicked Boy with com
mon Women, who likewise forwarded his Fall, and having contracted a habit of Drinking, made him incapable of doing any Thing to purpose. Coates, and some others of that hellish Gang, made him drunk, and when not sensible of what he did, they carried him to Mr. Dixey's House in Black-Pryars, which they with difficulty broke into, and delivered the Goods to Nash, who took them to the three Women mentioned in the Indictment; who disposed of them as they thought fit, for which they were transported. He was sick some Days, and when visited, profest Penitence. As soon as he recover'd, he constantly attended in Chappel, was attentive to Prayers and Instructions, made regular Responses, and behav'd decently and penitently. He cryed much, but was wretchedly ignorant, having been a despiser of all Religion from his Infancy. He believed, (as he said) in Christ, our only Saviour, repented of all his Sins, and was in Peace with all Men. He confest himself a Thief, but guilty of no Robbery or Burglary saving this.
Robert Legrose, of St. Mary, Whitechapple, was indicted (with William Yorke, not taken) for breaking and entering the House of John Clack, and stealing 51 Cloth Coats, value 30 s. 23 Cloth Waistcoats, value 20 s. 13 Cloth Jackets, value 10 s. 13 pair of Breeches, value 5 s. 6 Shirts, value 12 s. one pair of Leather Breeches, value 1 s. and 3 Shifts, value 3 s the Goods of John Clack.
3. Robert Legrose, 30 Years of Age, of honest, but mean, Parents, by Sr. Thomas's, in Southwark, his Father died and left him young, and his Mother very poor, who gave him little Education at School, and he, being of a wicked Disposition, had almost forgotten all. He was not Apprentice to any Trade, but went to Sea sometimes, and serv'd in different Men of War, and at other Times, in Merchant-Men; he had been in several foreign Places; when at Home, he wrought with the Brickmakers and Bricklayers . Two or three Years ago, as he was carrying up a Hod of Mortar to the Bricklayers, and some Slaters, he fell from the Top of St. Thomas's-Hospital, into the Street, since which he has been almost unable to do any Work. He was a poor, simple, ignorant, naked Creature, having undergone a vast Number of Hardships, being in a very miserable Condition; as to the Burglary he died for, he acknowledged it; some others besides him having been concerned in it, one of whom named Clack, or Clark, is already executed; he said, that he lodged in the House, and handed out all the Goods to his Accomplices, which he and they carried away to dispose off; but the Man whom they trusted, brought a Constable to take them up, and bring them to Justice. He kept the worst of Company; arce ever went to Church, and when he did, was to thoughtless, that he minded nothing. He came to Chappel, but was a very stupid Hearer. After the Report was made, he seemed more affected, and wept. He said he was penitent, and died in Peace with all Mankind.
Richard Quail, of St. Clement Danes, was indicted for assaulting John Glass, the Younger , on the King's High-way, putting him in Fear, &c. and taking from him a Linnen Shirt, value 1 s. a Muslin Stock, value 4 d. a Linnen Handkerchief, value 1 s. the Goods of James Trusan; a Cloth Coat, value 2 s a pair of Breeches, value 1 s. and a Linnen Handkerchief, value 2 d. the Goods of John Glass, Oct. 18.
4. Richard Quail, 32 Years of Age, born at Cork, in the Kingdom of Ireland, had but indifferent Education at School, and was brought up in the Romish Religion ; when of Age, he was put Apprentice to a Weaver , and according to his own Account, served his Time honestly; and for some Time after that, lived by his Business, when he got any Thing to do; but that Trade failing at Ireland, he came to London, where his Parents were, and work'd at his Trade at Times; when his Business was dead, he sold Butter, Eggs, Roots, Greens , or any small Things he was capable of. He married a Wife, and had some Children by her, and endeavoured to provide for them by his Trade, and at other Times by Marketting; but having little to do, and brought into great Straits by the hard Weather last Year, and not knowing how to live, he took to bad Company, who lead one another into fatal Scrapes. He lived at the farther End of Westminster, and first practised in this Way, at that End of the Town. He was much addicted to drinking, and to vicious Conversation; and filtched and stole what he could lay his Hands on. At first, he denied the Fact, on pretence he was running with the Mob, and crying out with them Stop Thief! yet they discovered him, and said, you are the Thief, and so seized him, and brought him into a Shop by St. Clement's- Church , where John Glass, the Boy,
whom he had robbed, was, and immediately knew him, and swore to his Face, and a Man who saw him throw down the Bundles; so they carried him before the Justice, who committed him. He always came to Chapple, and behaved decently and quietly, was grosly Ignorant and spoke nothing, nor never look'd on a Book; but at last, a Popish Priest coming, and he, with some others, all Irish, excepting Elwar, constantly went to him in a Room, by themselves. He was a Roman , and died as he said, in Peace with all the World.
George Stacey, and Matthias Dennison, of St. Martin's in the Fields, were indicted (with Arthur O Hara, and Thomas Cullen, not taken) for assaulting Benjamin Parish, on the King's Highway; putting him in Fear, &c. and taking from him a Silver Watch, a pair of Cloth Breeches, a pair of Silver Knee-buckles, a half Holland Shirt, and 19 s. in Money, the Goods and Money of the said Parish, Oct. 8.
George Stacey, and Matthias Dennison, a second Time, and Catherine Lineham, of St. Martin's in the Fields, were indicted (with Arthur O Hara, Thomas Cullen, William Shiells, James Gough, Ridman Keogh, Catherine Butler, and Margaret Massey, not taken) for assaulting Benjamin Parish, in the House of Ridman Keogh, putting him in Fear, &c. and taking from him three Portugal Pieces, value 7 Pounds 4 Shillings, one Moidore, and 14 Guineas, the Money of the said Parish, October 8.
5. George Stacey, 38 Years of Age, of honest Parents, who gave him good Education at School, to read, write, and cast Accompts, and instructed him in the Christian Religion, his Father died and left him young; but the Mother was careful of his Education, and when of Age, she bound him Apprentice to a Shoemaker ; he served his Time honestly, and when for himself, could get a Guinea a Week; but George was of a roving Temper, and cared not to be confined to close Business, therefore he persuaded his Mother to concur in assisting to procure him the Place of a Marshalsea Officer ; this they got, and George afterwards was employed that Way; but he did not behave with such Integrity as he ought to have done. He was a most profligate Wretch in his Life, guilty of all Kind of Wickedness, with respect to drinking, Whoring, Street and Highway Robberies, cursing and blaspheming at a prodigious Rate. &c. He confessed his being in Redman Keogh's House when Benjamin Parish was robb'd, that he came down Stairs and saw the Robbery committed, but had no Hand in it; he denied attacking and robbing him in the Street; he wept and cried because he had neglected and forgotten all Religion, behaved well, and professed Penitence, only at some Times he would smile, and talk rather too much to his Companions; this upon Admonition he rectified, he lamented for his old Mother in Town, whom he took Care of, having no other Friend, as indeed he deserved none, by Reason of his most vicious abandoned Life.
On Sunday the 24th of February, he spoke to me privately, and told me; that he was troubled with distracted Thoughts, which prevented him of thinking any Thing of Religion; upon which I advised him to endeavour to settle his Thoughts upon, and ask Counsel of God, who is always ready to direct them who sincerely seek him. He desired to be prayed for as one who was disturbed in Mind, which I accordingly did several Times. He likewise at this Time confessed with a Flood of Tears, both the Robberies which were sworn against him, and that he was the chief Person who robbed Mr. Parish in the House of a large Sum of Money and his Watch, which he put into the fore Pocket of his Coat; and when they had forc'd him to drink Cherry Brandy to such an Excess, as made him drunk, and then they pushed him to the Door, after they had almost murdered him; but they not being satisfied with using him in this manner, Stacey with some more follow'd him up Long-Acre, and when they thought they had come to a convenient Place, Stacey kick'd up his Heels, and they robbed him again of his Watch, Knee Buckles, and what Money he had left, as likewise other Things of Value, which he had about him. He confessed also, that for some Years past he had been a Street-Robber, and a Thief, and as wicked a young Fellow as any about Town, and for an Excuse he alledg'd, that he took Care of his Mother, which when she came to visit him, she told me to the contrary, that he never did; but wasted her Substance, and did what he could to render her miserable, and at that and other Times he was rough and rude to her in his Carriage and Words, for which I sharply reproved him. He understood more than most
of those unfortunate Creatures generally do, and sometimes asked to be resolved concerning some Texts of Scripture, which I accordingly explained to him.
After the Dead Warrant came down, he behav'd very Penitent, and was continually a Reading, not only to himself, but likewise to the rest of his Fellow-Sufferers, so loud, and so distinctly, that every one of his Fellow Prisoners might hear him very plain, both in publick and private; so that we have Hopes that he was sincere in his Devotion. He believ'd in Christ the Son of God, and only Saviour of Mankind, repented of his Sins, and died in Peace with all Mankind.
Mary Young, alias Jenny Diver, and Elizabeth Davis, alias Catherine the Wife of Henry Huggins, were indicted for assaulting Judith Gardener on the King's Highway, putting her in Fear, and taking from her 12 s. in Money, the Money of the said Judith, in the Parish of St. Mary Woolchurch, January 17.
6. Mary Young, alias Jenny Diver, about 36 Years of Age, born in Ireland, as I was informed, but she denied it, calling herself an English Woman, being unwilling to declare either her Country or Family, desiring to be excused in that Point. She had good Education at School, and was instructed in the Principles of Religion, and the Knowledge of other Things which was required, in order to fit her for doing Business. She lived with her Parents, and did not go to Service,but came up to London, where she soon became a good Proficient in the tricking Arts of the Town, as now she hath found to her sad Experience. A few Years ago she passed for a Wife to a Prisoner in Newgate, whom she daily attended, and supplied him with Victuals, and likewise gave Charity to the other Prisoners under Sentence, and to some on the Common Side. She was thought to be one of the most artfullest Pick-pockets in the World; she was a constant Street-walker, where she exercised her Skill. About 2 Years, or 2 Years and half, she was Transported, for picking the Pocket of a Gentlewoman in St. Paul's Church Yard, at the Feast of the Sons of the Clergy; for which Fact she was tried at the Old Bailey, and was ordered to be Transported; but she had not been gone long, before she and her supposed Spouse returned to London, where she has been a constant Practitioner ever since. She was then tried by another Name, it being usual for such Persons to change their Names upon every Occasion. On Saturday the 17th of Jan last, as she was walking along the Streets, between 6 and 7 at Night, she met with Judith Gardener by the Corner of the Mansion-house, a Man held up Judith's Arm with such Force, that she was like to have lost the Use of it; Mary came up before the Woman, and put her Hand into her Pocket, Judith being frighted, cryed out she was robbed, and like to be murdered; upon this the Man run away, and a Scuffle ensuing, Davis taking the Man's Part, came in for her Share in the Fray, and was taken up and convicted for the same Robbery with Mary Young. The Man having made his Escape, Young and Davis were carried to Devonshire Square, and several other Places in the City, in order to carry them before a Justice, not finding one in the Way, they came back to the Old Bailey, where the Court was fitting, they was brought before my Lord Mayor, who was pleased to commit them It is observable of them, viz Mary Young and Elizabeth Davis, that the Robbery was committed, and they sent to Newgate on Saturday the 17th of Jan and on Monday the 19th, a Bill of Indictment was found against them, and on Tuesday the 20th, they were tried, capitally convicted, and receiv'd Sentence of Death. Mary Young behaved well while under Sentence, and was very devout to all outward Appearance, often crying at Prayers, and singing of Psalms. She declared that Elizabeth Davis had no Hand in the Robbery which she suffered for, and that she wou'd persuade the World (if possible) that she was not the Woman, that she was represented to be; but had always lived a sober Life, (if you believe her) but she could not deny the robbing of Judith Gardener, on the 17th of Jan last, and that she was Transported by the Name of Jane Web, in April Sessions 1738. She believed in Christ her only Saviour, repented of all her Sins, and was in Peace with all the World.
William Layton, in the Peace, &c. did make an Assault, and him in Fear, &c. did put, and Five Portugal Pieces, Value 9 l and 1 Portugal Piece, Value 18 s. the Money of the said William Layton, from the Person, against the Will of the said William, did steal, &c.
8. John Elwar, 21 Years of Age, of honest Parents, who gave him indifferent Education, to read, write, &c. He was put Apprentice, and served his Time to a Grocer by Covent Garden: When out of his Time, he was Journeyman to his Master, who not having Business for him, he was obliged to live as he could, and then falling sick, was reduced to great Poverty, and fell into bad Company, which brought him to his fatal End. He denied being a Robber or Thief, but in this single Instance of which he was convicted, owning that he was present and saw te Fact done, but that he had no Hand in it, though Mr. Layton swore he acted a principal Part in it, yet he pretended Innocence, and that he was surpriz'd upon being taken up, as suspecting no such Thing. He behaved well and quietly; but when the Popish Priest, who comes there officiously to instruct or pervert from the Truth, he fell off and went to him. He was a vicious, wicked young Fellow, keeping Company with vile Women, and given to Drinking, Swearing, and Blaspheming, and such other Things as are commonly incident to these abandoned Creatures. He died in Peace with all Men.
9. Elizabeth Fox, 24 Years of Age, of honest Parents in Town, who learned her to read, &c. and had her instructed in Religion. When of Age, she served in some Families , but cared not much to be employed in Work, though for some Time she bore the Character of an honest Girl; in a short Time after that, loving the Company of rude idle People, she married a Sailor, who is at Sea, whom she knows nothing of, but most probably a Thief or Robber, who are aptest to take up with those infamous Creatures: Since that Time she has done nothing but walk'd the Streets, robbed, stole, and taking every Thing she could lay hold on, being one of the most scandalous Creatures, and notorious Pick pockets in Town, except Jenny Diver, alias Murphew. Thus employing her time, not thinking upon the other Husband, she married Thomas Richardson, a Man of the same Profession with, and altogether agreeable to herself. They live with such Creatures, calling one another Husband and Wife, married or not, and upon the least Disgust they seperate, and take to another, only while they think proper.
Elizabeth Fox, upon the 23d of October last, the Evening when this Robbery was committed, was walking her Rounds as usual, about the Hay-market, towards Charing-cross, and meeting with William Layton, it being a very cold Night, he readily complyed to go in with Fox to take a Dram together in an House of her Acquaintance. Priscilla Mahon followed close after her Companions and in the same House were their Cullies, whom they called Husbands, Thomas Richardson, John Mahon, and John Elwar: They drank Cherry Brandy, and forced Layton to take more than he was inclined; but seeing himself in such a bad House, he paid his Reckoning, and went to the Door to make his Escape; but Elizabeth Fox and Priscilla Mahon, went after, and by no Means would let him go; they handled him very roughly, tore and beat his Face in a violent Manner, and attempted to rob him of his Money, but he kept himself upon his Guard. He, who passed for the Landlord, swore at them, and pretended Kindness to Mr. Layton, bidding him sit by the Fire untill it was a more proper Time of going out. Then the other three Fellows, the Landlord and the two Women came all upon him, and forc'd him to drink Drams into which was pour'd liquid Laudanum, which was brought from some Shop. They forced Layton to drink of this 2 or 3 times, and then proposed he should go to Sleep; but not willing to comply with their Proposal, one of the Men put his Knees upon his Back, and bowed him so that he was like to break it; the other three fell upon him and held him, threatening to cut his Throat if he made any Noise, yet Layton cried out, Robbers! Murder! &c. Fox and Mahon came on each Side, and Fox took his Money.
Upon this the two infamous Ladies, by Advice of their Associates, made off, Layton running after them, crying out, Stop Thief! and Murder! and he took Priscilla Mahon, and one of the Watchmen Elizabeth Fox, they conveyed them to the Watch-house, and going back to the abovesaid infamous House, of which no Man knows who was Landlord. There they took John Elver, and afterwards they were all three carried before the Justice, who committed them to Newgate, whence they met with their due Fate.
Thomas Richardson's turning Evidence, hang'd this Wife of his, (though he had another Wife and Child who appear'd in Court) yet he (Richardson) lived in Short's Buildings, Drury Lane, with Elizabeth Fox, who passed for his Wife for some Years, She behaved well and very quiet, but seemed hard hearted.
I was desired to ask, if she was concerned in the late Murder of a Gentleman's Coachman in Oxendon street? She answered, that was a House she constantly and daily went to, but as to that barbarous Murder, she knew nothing of it, till after the Fact was committed, when the wicked People of the House disappear'd. I sharply reproved her for keeping such wicked Company, of which she might be ashamed, exhorting her to repent of that great Sin in Particular. She believ'd in Christ, repented of her Sins, and was in Peace with all Men.
9. Priscilla Mahon, concerned in the same Robbery with the two Persons above, born in Cumberland of very good Parents, 25 Years of Age, had a good Education at School, to read, write, and learn all Sorts of Needlework, and was instructed in the Christian Religion. When she was about 5 Years old, her Father, in order to better his Estate, mov'd with his Family to Dublin, where he kept a Presbyterian Meetinghouse; and 'twas here the good old Man endeavour'd to instill proper Notions into her, of her Duty both towards God and towards Man.
When she was 13 Years of Age, the Parson her Father died (who was a noted Man amongst the Dissenters) 'twas then Priscilla, being of a light Disposition, left the old Gentlewoman her Mother, and came to London. She soon got into Place, and served in some good Families with Reputation, but being importun'd by a Doctor of Physick, she gave Way to his Sollicitations. He kept her two or three Years, during which Time she had two Children by him She now began to think that she was not made for one, and that her Life was too confined, so elop'd from her Doctor; after this she became little better than a common Prostitute , and took up with the vilest of Company.
About 5 Years ago she met with one John Mahon, from Dublin, a Youth as wicked as herself, who had left his Father (a Citizen of Repute) and being of the same Country, they thought fit to marry, which from the Manner of their living, was doing worse than she had done before, and adding Adultery to the rest of her Crimes. They both abandoned themselves to Lewdness, with the vilest Company in Town.
This Robbery and Abuse almost to Murder, John Mahon had the chief Hand in, but making his Escape, got safe to Dublin, with the 9 or 10 Pounds they had robb'd Layton of, and left his Wife Fox and Elver to swing for him. All These declared upon the Words of dying Persons, that they had not one Farthing of the Money, but believed that Mahon, as has been said already, went off with it all, though it is supposed, that the Landlord, being an Accomplice therein, went Home with him, and came in for a Share. This unhappy Woman did not own any other Robbery of the like Nature, but said, that she had been guilty of innumerable other wicked and indirect Practices.
Upon the Friday before they died she was sick, and I visited her in the Cell, when she wept and cried bitterly, lamenting in a deplorable Manner her sinning against great Light and Knowledge, and the strong Convictions of her own Mind; having, as she said, had an excellent Education, and been bred in the strictest Way of Religion: When in these Agonies, she would often cry out, What shall I do to be saved? Oh! how is it possible such a Wretch can be saved? I answered, believe in the Lord Jesus, and you shall be saved; repent of your Sins, and God will be merciful and gracious to forgive you all your Sins, for the Sake of his Son Jesus Christ your dear Saviour, how many and how great and heinous soever they may have been, but be sure at the same Time that you forgive all Persons, as you expect Forgiveness yourself from God.
NOtwithstanding all my Strugglings, I find you in the Dead List. I went to 'Squire L - g ON - l Yesterday, my Answer was, he did all he could, but was repuls'd with so much
Warmth, that it was not in his Power to serve you. I will send you a Minister, if he can be admitted. Pray God Almighty and Allmerciful prepare you for your latter End. I am almost distracted, and will leave London when all is over. Let me hear your Wants by the Bearer, and they shall be supplyed to the utmost of my Power. * * * * * * * * * * * * is at the Bottom of all, but, be charitable, and forgive them all.
I am, Your afflicted Sister,
March 13, 1740.41.
This is my dear Caleb's Birth-Day.
10. John Sheriff, 37 Years of Age, was born, tho' of mean, yet honest Parents at Warwick, in Warwickshire; he had no Education at School, therefore it cannot be expected that he could have much Knowledge: He was bred to Labour in Country Work, and for some Time got his Bread in an honest Way; but being tired of that laborious Sort of Life, came to London, and listed in the first Regiment of Guards , about 14 Years ago: He behaved well, and was reckoned honest, till the Commission of the Fact for which he died, as he said, and even that he would have thought not a Theft, for he did not steal the Mare, but borrowed her, as he alledged, to go a small Journey on.
He behaved well, constantly came to Chapel, was devout at Prayers, and attentive to Instructions. He intended, he said, to desert, but had not Time, being prevented by his being taken up. He was ignorant and could not read, but willing to receive Instructions. When at Home he liv'd a sober Country Life, and sometimes he received the Sacrament. He was miserably poor and naked, and as he went to Chapel, if he saw any Body, he used to beg Charity of them. He did not seem to be of a bad but penitent Disposition. He assured me that he believed in Christ, as his only Saviour, repented of his Sins, and died in Peace with all the World.
John Catt, was indicted, for that at a Delivery of the Goal, &c. for the County of Sussex, held at East Grinstead, on Monday, March 14, in the Tenth Year of his Majesty's Reign, before Sir William Thompson, Knt . one of the Brons of his Majesty's Court of Exchequer, and Richard Commyns, Serjeant at Law , &c. appointed to deliver the said Goal: he the said Catt, was, according to due Course of Law, indicted, for that he, with divers other dissolute and disorderly Persons unknown, to the Number of 20 Persons and upwards, after the 24th of June, 1736, to wit, on the 27th of February, in the Tenth Year of his Majesty's Reign, at a Place called the Great Groin, near the Sea Coast, in the said County of Sussex, being then and there armed, and carrying Fire-Arms, &c. did assemble, in order to be aiding and assisting in the clandestine running certain uncustomed Goods, by Way of Merchandize, to wit, 2000 Pound Weight of Tea, for which, the Duties more than due and payable, to the Terror of, &c. and thereon he the said Catt, was convicted, and adjudged, &c. to be transported to some of his Majesty's Plantations in America, for 7 Years, and that he was transported to the Colony of Virginia, &c. And the Indictment further charged, that he, the said Catt, on the 28th of September, in the 14th Year of his Majesty's Reign, at the Parish of St. Botolph, Bishopsgate, before the Expiration of the said Time, was at large, against the Peace, &c.
11. John Catt, 28 Years of Age, came of honest Parents in Sussex, who gave him as good Education at School as to enable him to read, write, and cast Accompts, and they had him instructed in the Principles of the Christian Religion, according to the establish'd Church, When of Age, he was put Apprentice to a Trade, and was careful and honest for some little Time; but he soon (too soon for him) got acquainted with the Smugglers, of which there are great Numbers upon the Coast of Sussex, and being a strong bold young Fellow, they engaged him as fit for their Purpose. He became one of the Chief, and most daring of them, and in most of his Engagements was very successful. When the Custom-House Officers came up with him, he always gave them fair Battle for it, never tamely suffering them to take the smallest Prize, whilst he was able to defend it; and in this Way he went on for some
Years, being in continual Danger of his Life, by fighting, wounding, and perhaps sometimes killing; so that what Profit he got was with the utmost Hardships, as at last he found to his sad and fatal Experience.
About four Years ago, being too well known, he was taken up, and at the Sessions holden at East-Grinstead, in Sussex, on Monday, March 14, 1736 by due Course of Law he was transported to Virginia, in Consequence of a late Act of Parliament, made against Smugglers, but he being the first convicted for Transportation upon the said Act, it was thought to be the harder for him. Catt not liking his Situation, returned to England, about two Years ago, but having enough of Smuggling, he betook himself to Countrywork , when he could get it. He complained of one of the Evidences, who in hopes of some Reward, dogg'd him both in Town and Country, till at last he took him in Bishpsgate Street, where he lived when in Town.
He said, that he was not wicked in his Life, only that he was a great Runner of Goods, which occasioned Mischief and Misfortunes too often upon him, and at last his Ruin; he thought Smuggling an Offence, but no great Sin, and could not be persuaded to think or say otherwise, pretending one Excuse or other. Under Sentence, he behaved exceeding well, came always to Chappel, and was very devout and attentive, often weeping at the Thoughts of dying as a Criminal.
He, with Jenny Diver, Mr. Brabant, Stacey, and Thomas Nash, on the Sunday before they were executed, received the Sacrament in a very decent and serious Manner; Stacey upon confessing his Sins, cried out most bitterly in the Closet, and in the Chappel; and Mr. Catt, and Jenny Diver, shewed equal Signs of Seriousness and Repentance. He believed in Christ, as the Son of God, and the only Saviour of Sinners, sincerely repented of his Sins, and died in Peace with all Mankind.
John Cassody, and Robert Hunt, of St. Giles's in the Fields, were indicted (with a certain Person unknown) for that they, on the 8th of February, on the King's Highway, on Richard Briton in the Peace, &c. did make an Assault, and him in Fear, &c. did put, and a Watch, with the outside and inside Case made of Silver, value 6 l. a Brass Watch Key, value 1 Penny, a Pair of Silver Shoe Buckles, value 10 s. a Pair of Silver Knee Buckles, value 5 s. and 2 s. and 6 d in Money, the Goods and Money of the said Briton, from the Person, and against the Will of the said Briton, did steal, &c.
Robert Hunt, a second Time, and James Timms, were indicted for assaulting Robert Rhodes, on the King's Highway, putting him in Fear, and taking from him a Pen Knife, value 1 d. an Iron Key, value 1 d, and 3 s. 11 d. the Goods and Money of the said Rhodes, Feb. 12.
12. John Cassody, 31 Years of Age, was born in Ireland, of very mean Parents, who gave him as mean an Education; when of an Age fit for Labour, he did Country-work as a Boy at Home; but when of Man's Estate, he went Abroad, and was a Sort of a Vagrant in France, Spain, Flanders, Germany, and other Countries, sometimes having Bread, and sometimes none; sometimes in Service, at other Times out; at length, he listed in the Irish Brigade , in France, and became serviceable by decoying Men from Ireland, or England, into that Service: He was a bigotted Papist , though in reality, it may be presumed, he had no Religion. He was a bold, daring Fellow, as once particularly he shewed himself, by rescuing of Thomas Robinson, a Prisoner, for a Street Robbery, whom they took from the Constable out of a House in Drury Lane, and carry'd him off, far enough not to be heard of since, Cassody was an intimate Companion of Hunt's and Timms, but especially of Hunt's, who did a deal of Mischief together. He was one of the Vilest of Men, addicted to all Manner of Debaucheries; however, he behaved quietly, but could not, or, would not, read: He did not deny the Robbery he died for, tho' Hunt did. After the Romish Priest came, he did not incline to come to Chappel. He then appear'd sullen, or rather obstinate: He hop'd, he said, to be saved, by the Mercy of God, through Christ, and that he died in Peace with all Men.
13. Robert Hunt, for the same Robbery with Cassody, 32 Years of Age, born in Dublin, of honest Parents, who educated him for Business; but as for Religion, how far they might instruct him in it, is uncertain; but sure it is, that he neither knew or practised much; he was 2 Years in Newgate for an Assault, but got out some Months ago with Difficulty; after this tedious Confinement, his Fellow Prisoners declared, that he often said before he went out, that he should be no sooner
at Liberty, than he would go upon Street and Highway Robbing; however, when he had got his Freedom, he took on in the first Regiment of Foot-Guards , but being an idle, wicked Fellow, who did not mind his Duty much, chiefly studying to satisfie his vicious Inclinations; and to the keeping Company with the most abandon'd Persons. He was not willing to confess his Crime plainly, tho' he pleaded Guilty to the second Indictment of robbing Mr. Rhodes, alledging he did so to save Robinson, whom he rescued, with the help of Cassody and some others, for which Rescue Hunt and Cassody were first taken up, when the Robberies they died for afterwards, appeared against them: Hunt was bred a Protestant, his Relations being mostly that Way, but was like the rest, of no Religion. He came constantly to Chapple, declaring his Penitence, tho' he seemed very much disturbed, and confused in his Thoughts, and too free in his Reflections. On Saturday the 14th Instant, one Mrs. Bowel, who with her Husband keeps a Public-House, and lodges Sailors, in Well-close square, came to my House, and told me, that Robert Hunt, and another Man in the Habit of Sailors, came to her House about 3 Years ago, and agreed to lodge with her; she was content; because Hunt and she were of the same City, Dublin; they had no Money, but she was so good as to give them a Pot of Beer, and some Bread and Cheese; after they had got this, Robert Hunt said, we are obliged to you for treating us, and will repay it; upon this, he immediately pull'd out a cock'd Pistol, presented it, and said, D - n your B - d, I will blow your Brains out; the Pistol being before her Face, she bowed her Head to the Right-Side, otherwise she had been shot thro' the Head, for the Ball went in at her Left Shoulder; upon which she cried out Murder, and for fear of being Apprehended, Hunt and his Companion run away; and the next Morning made for Bristol, where they committed some Robberies, for which Cassody was taken up, but Hunt made his Escape, and returned to London, where Mrs. Bowel found him out, took him up, and tried him for an Assault before the Justices at Hicks's-Hall, who sentenced him to Newgate for two Years as beforemention'd. He became Penitent, and died in the Popish Communion .
14. James Timms, concerned with Hunt, in robbing Mr. Rhodes, was 28 Years of Age, and born of honest Parents in Dublin, had an indifferent Education, serv'd a Vintner , and was Drawer in a Tavern, and as his Companions said, was honest in his Dealings, tho' otherwise abundantly Vicious in his Life. Desiring to visit foreign Places, not having much to do at Home. Two or three Months before he was taken up, he came to London, where he became acquainted with loose, disorderly Persons like himself, which ruin'd him. He came to Chapple, but seem'd not to mind the Worship, being bigotted in the Romish Way ; he reflected on the Evidence about holding up a Stick, but own'd he was present at the Robbery. He was a sullen, morose Wretch, and died in the Romish Faith.
I AM sorry you take us all to be so ungrateful, as not minding that there was a Petition given in Behalf of you; but to no purpose. I have been there very often, and could not get to speak to you; we shall take Care of your Body. Dear Jamey, as you are a Dying Man, for the small Time you have to live, mind your Soul. Mr. Shilling; Mr. Jackson, and all your Acquaintance, will be there that Day. If you have any Thing to say, Mr. Shilling, Mr. Jackson and I, will wait at Newgate that Morning. I shall wait for your Answer. Dear Jamey, let me know if you were married to Nancy Crawly, or if you have any Thing to say to her or any of them. Mr. Shilling desires you will call him, or some of your Acquaintance, to let him know what you have to say. Mr Jackson, Mr. Atkinson, remembers themselves to you. My Dear, mind your Soul.
All from your sincere Friend,
P. S. I shall write to you To-morrow, and bring you a Cap.
Richard Brabant, Indicted, for that he, being a Person of wicked Disposition, &c. and unlawfully devising to cheat, &c. James Martin, of London, Goldsmith , Robert Hurman, of London, Goldsmith , and Robert Stone, of London, Goldsmith , of a great Sum of Money, viz. 52 l. 10 s. of good and lawful Money, &c. the said three Gentlemen being concerned in Company, as Bankers, &c. and keeping public Shop, &c. after the 24th of June, 1734, viz. January 1st, 1740-41. in the Parish of St. Mary Woolnorth, he the said Brabant, out of his wicked Mind, &c. forged, and caused to be made, &c. a certain Paper-writing, &c. purporting Authority, &c. in the Name of James Tipper, &c. for the Payment of Money, &c. dated January 1st, 1740-41, and directed to James Martin, and Co. &c. to pay to Thomas Noble, the said Sum of 52 l. 10 s. and place it to the Account of James Tipper, the Tenor of which false &c Order, is in these English Words, Abbreviations of, &c. Words and Figures following.
To Mr. Martin and Comp. thereby meaning, &c. that, &c. Mr. Martin, &c. should pay, &c. Brabant, the Sum of 52 l. 10 s. Whereas, &c. the said Paper, &c. was never subscribed by, &c. James Tipper, against the Peace, &c. and in Contempt, &c.
It was further presented, that he, &c. Brabant, &c. afterwards, viz. Jan. 1. secretly, &c. the same did utter, &c. he well knowing it to be false, &c.
He was a 2d Time indicted (as above) for making and causing to be made, a certain false and counterfeit Order for the Payment of 10 l 10 s. to defraud James Martin, and Comp. of the said Sum, the Tenor of which forged Order, is contain'd in these English Words and Figures following.
Dec. 3, 1740.
To Mr. Martin and Comp.
15. Richard Brabant, alias Jones, was 24 Years of Age, born of honest Parents near Bath, who Educated him in Reading, Writing and Accounts, aud instructed him in the Principals of the Christian Religion. The special Business he learned was Book-keeping ; he could also write several Hands very well; while at Home in the Country, he did not any Thing amiss; he came to London, recommended as 'tis said, to Mr. Tipper, a Gentleman of Business , to procure him some Post in one of his Majesty's Ships; but Mr. Tipper understanding him to be dexterous at Book-keeping and Accompts, and wanting such a one at the Time, kept him himself to take Care of his Books and Accompts.
A young Lad who was his Fellow-Servant, gave Evidence against him, that he told him he could counterfeit any Gentleman's Hand, upon which, he having a Bill in his Custody, shewed it to Brabant, who counterfeited the Gentleman's Name who subscribed the Bill so exact, that the Difference could not be discern'd; this Part of the young Man's Evidence he denied, or did not remember it. Mr. Tipper, his Master, went out of Town to Essex, sometime before Christmas, and left the Care of his House and some particular Business to Richard Brabant, but in his Absence, he went off, and when Mr. Tipper came Home, he was forced to get in at the Window by a Ladder, and open the House.
His Master being in the Country, Brabant went the last Day of the Year to the Shop of Mr. Martin, and Comp. in Lombard Street, and presented a Bill to their chief Clerk, who although acquainted with Mr. Tipper's Hand, paid it as a Draught of Mr. Tipper's, for 52 l. 10 s. Succeeding so well in this first Attempt, next Day, being the first Day of the Year, Brabant sent another counterfeit Draught for Ten Pounds, Ten Shillings, and though the Gentleman made a little Scruple, because it was a Holy-Day, yet he paid the Money; having thus procured a Sum of Money, Mr. Brabant dressed like a Beau, went and made his Addresses so successfully to a young Gentlewoman of a pretty good Fortune, that, as some say, they soon made it up, and were immediately married; this Marriage was not above two
three Days before Brabant was taken up, and committed to Newgate; at his Trial he fell into violent Convulsions, so that Sir John Strange the Recorder , was obliged to stop as he was delivering the Charge to the Jury, for the Space of half an Hour, during which Time he jumpt and strugled with the heavy Irons, and flung his Hands and Feet about in a desperate manner, so that they were oblig'd to take him to the Door for Air, while under Sentence, he was very sick, weak and low spirited, yet always attended at Chapel, and behaved very devoutly. He own'd the Crime for which he suffered, and that no Body was concern'd in it besides himself; he was an ingenious sober Youth, and was not addicted to those Vices which such unfortunate People for the generality are mostly given. He professed that he believed in Christ Jesus our only Saviour, and was sincerely penitent for the many Sins of his Life, especially for the Crime for which he died, and that he forgave all Men, as he expected Forgiveness from God.
Joseph Huddle, of Stepney, was indicted for assaulting Thomas Cain in a certain Field near the King's Highway, putting him in Fear, &c. and taking from him two lb. of Tea, value 10 s the Goods of Thomas Barfoot, a pair of Shoe-Buckles, value 2 s. a pair of Knee Buckles, value 1 d. a Stock, value 3 d. a Stock Clasp, value 9 d. and 16 d. in Money, the Property of Thomas Cain, Oct. 18.
16. Joseph Huddle, 19 Years of Age, born of honest Parents near Ratcliff-Cross, who gave him Education at a common School, to Read, Write, and cast Accompts; and likewise instructed him in the Christian Religion. When of Age he was put to a Miller , and served for some Time honestly; but not loving a Trade, he turn'd Hackney Coachman , which Business he followed, till he was taken up for the Robbery for which he was convicted of. He own'd that he was given to the Company of lewd Women, whose alluring Snares seldom fail of bringing all such who are deluded by them, to this fatal End; he shewed a hearty Concern for following such ill Courses, and when I visited him in his Cell, he confessed that such had been his Ruin, but that he had been a very idle, negligent Boy, and deny'd that he had been guilty of any other Thefts or Robberies, he confessed this for which he suffered, as was sworn against him. He came to Chapel, but was always sick, and discontented, and was unacquainted with Religion; he said he had been a great Sabbath-Breaker, scarce ever going to Church, and had likewise forgot what Reading he had been Master of; so that it rendered him uncapable of making Responses with the rest of his Fellow Prisoners. I was importuned by a Person to ask if he knew any Thing relating to the Murder of one Mr. Beynard a Grocer, at Rag-Fair? which I did, but he denied his knowing any Thing of it. He was a lazy, nasty Fellow, keeping his Bed for 2 Months, tho' not sick, but pleaded for Excuse his want of Cloaths, and that he would not rise till such Time his Brother supplied him with some, and then he vouchsafed to come to Chapel, and behav'd well; he was always hungry, and crying for Victuals, tho' his Brother allowed him a sufficiency every Day, he turned very sick again, and never came up to Chapel. When I visited him in his Cell, and at other Times, he seemed Penitent, and confessed his being a Thief, and committing some small Robberies besides this for which he suffered. He believ'd in Christ, repented of his Sins, and if his Word may be taken on these Heads, died in Peace with all the World.
Philip Lipscomb, of St. Leonard Shoreditch, was indicted for breaking and entering the House of Tho Newsome, about the Hour of 4 in the Morning, with Intent the Goods of the said Newsome to steal, Jan. 15.
17. Philip Lipscomb, 28 Years of Age, born of honest Parents in Town, who gave him good Education at School, &c. when of Age he was put to a Bricklayer in Town, with whom he served his Time faithfully, and afterwards lived by his Trade, and married a Wife, by whom he had some Children, two or three of whom are at this present living, and upon the Parish. He liv'd in a low Way, and did his Endeavour to provide for his Family, but the last hard Winter put him behind hand, which drove him to great Straits, he being at the same Time out of Business, the same he likewise experienc'd this Winter, his not having any Work, reduc'd him to extreme Poverty, which he confessed was the Occasion that induc'd him to rob and steal through Necessity, in order to maintain his Wife and Children, who were almost starved. He confessed the Burglary which was sworn against him, and that he broke
into Mr Newsome's House, with an Intens to carry off all he could find; but being alarm'd that there were Men at the Door ready to take him, he went up and wounded one Blake in the Head with a Lathing Hammer. He was a small pilfering Thief, as they call it, but alledg'd that what he did was meerly through Necessity. He wept, declared Penitence, and was very poor and naked. He believed in Christ our only Saviour, repented of his Sins, and died in Peace with all Mankind.
18. Robert Parkinson, 25 Years of Age, born of honest Parents in Westminster, who gave him good Education at School to Read, Write, &c. and instructed him in the Principles of Christianity. His Father was a White Smith, but broke and went to Durham, where he now lives, where Robert went down to visit him, but chose to return to London, not loving the North so well. He was brought up to no Trade, but did any Thing to gain a Livelihood, and was sometimes in good Places, tho' he did not know how to improve such Opportunities; he pretended Honesty in the preceding Part of his Life, but that is a great Doubt. He was lately hired as a Helper in the Stables of the Rt. Hon. the Earl of Albermarle, he and one Peter Wilkinson of the same Business his Companion, lodged together in the same Room, he took an Opportunity in the Absence of Wilkinson, to go into the Room and break open his Box, wherein was about 30 Guineas, which he had sav'd out of his Wages, Parkinson did not take the whole, but only made bold with 8 l. 12 s 6 d. and in its stead left two Bits of Iron; after which he left the Service, and came on the Sunday following to demand his Wages, upon which Wilkinson took him up on Suspicion, and he directly confessed the Robbery, and that he bought himself a fine Suit of Cloaths with the Money, which was deliver'd to Wilkinson in Court, two Guineas he gave to his Landlady, one to his Brother, and the rest he could give no Account of. He would not confess that he had been guilty of any other Robberies, but own'd that he had neglected both his Learning and Church, and was a disobedient, foolish Boy, and was thievishly disposed, minding nothing that was good or virtuous, but was very much addicted to Whoring and Drinking, &c. and having forsaken God, God left him to himself to commit this capital Felony, which brought him to condign Punishment. He had no Friends, but was very poor and naked, yet came frequently to Chapel, and behaved well, professing a deep Repentance for his Sins, and believed in Christ as the Son of God, and Saviour of Sinners, repented of a scandalous Life, and died in Peace with all Men.
John Davis alias Davy, was indicted for assaulting John Brown on the King's Highway, putting him in Fear, &c. and taking from him a Cloth Great Coat, value 5 s. the Property of the said Brown, and a Sacking Bag, value s. 4 Lambs, value 40 s. a Mare of a Brown Colour, value 5 a Leather Bridle, value 12 d. and a Pannel, value 18 d. the Goods of John Gold, Feb. 6.
19. John Davis alias Davy, 58 Years of Age, born in Reading of mean Parents, who gave him little or no Education, and what he had he did not mind; when of Age he was not put to any Trade, but did Country Work , and for some Years past strolled up and down the Country, in Middlesex, Berkshire and Essex. He married a Wife many Years ago, and had some Children by her, but none of them living, (except his poor Wife) to be a Witness of his Miseries and Misfortunes. Being asked what Business he did? he answered that he travelled the Country with a Gun, with a Design to shoot a Brace of Bucks in a Nobleman's or Gentleman's Park when it suited his Purpose, or to rob on the Highway when an Opportunity offered; for it was a general Opinion, that for many Years past he was a constant Practitioner of Highway Robberies, in Company with a Brother of his, who not long ago was tried for his Life, and cast at Chelmsford in Essex, for a Robbery committed there, but John made his Escape when his Brother was taken up. He supported his Family many Years, and went to Church sometimes, took the Sacrament, and had been in good Services, but of late he was very wicked. We refer our Readers to the rest of this Man's Account in the 2d Part. He believed in Christ, repented of his Sins, and was in Peace with all Men.
entering the House of Tho. Reveley, about the Hour of 2 in the Morning, and stealing 10 Pewter Plates, a large Pewter Dish, a pair of Brass Candlesticks, a pair of Tongs, an Iron Poker, a pair of Bellows, a Knife, a Heater, 4 pair of Worsted Stockings, a pair of Pattens, a Table-Cloth, 4 Pewter Spoons, a Pewter Pan, an Apron, a Hat, a Copper Tea Kettle, a Copper Coffeepot, a Stewpan, a Pot Lid, and 2 silver Tea Spoons, the Goods of Thomas Revely, and a Hat, and a Cambrick Cap, the Goods of William Mackneal, Feb. 18.
20. Dorothy Middleton, 29 Years of Age, born (as she said) in Yorkshire, but as I was informed by others, she was from Newcastle upon Tine, of obscure Parents, who bestowed little or no Education on her at School, and what little Share she had it seems she did not improve to any good Purposes. She had been a Servant in several Families, and served honestly as she alledged; till about six Years ago she came to London, and serv'd several Persons about the Town, at Greenwich, and about Wapping, &c. and was not charged with Dishonesty till now; she persuaded her Accomplice Hannah Robinson a young Girl about 19, who was reprieved, to agree to rob with her, and they likewise induced one Ann Reynolds 15 Years old, to engage with them, she being of a small Size, was the more proper for their Purpose to get into the House, to hand them out the Goods; accordingly Dorothy with her two Companions resolved to rob the House of Mr. Reveley, she having been a Lodger in his House about 2 or 3 Years ago, which partly enabled her to know the Way of the House, and about Midnight between 1 and 2 they went thither, and put in the little Girl Ann Reynolds, in order to strip the Shop and Kitchen of what Goods she could find, who as soon as she got in, handed them out all the Goods as mentioned in the Indictment, which Hannah Robinson carried off to Middleton's Room; this being done, Middleton with a Knife in her Hand ran up Stairs, and said she would kill the old Man and his Wife, she knowing that they had Money in a Corner Cupboard; Robinson and the Girl Reynolds pull'd her down by the Coat, which prevented her committing of Murder. She confessed the Burglary, but at the same Time denied her having any Thoughts of doing Murder; she was not willing to own that she had been guilty of any other Thefts or Burglaries either in Town or Country. She was not so wicked as many of them generally are, but sometimes went to Church, and led a pretty regular Life. Mr. Furnis of Greenwich, with two other Gentlemen in Company, desired to ask her a Question, whether she knew who robb'd his House when she lived in the Neighbourhood within a few Doors? To which she made Answer, that she declared she knew nothing of that Burglary directly or indirectly. She denied also her seducing of Hannah Robinson, who was she said, equally willing as herself to break the House of Mr. Reveley. She did not come up to Chapel above once or twice during her Confinement, and that was on the first Day; and when I visited her in her Cell, she always appeared penitent, and blessed me for my Prayers and Instructions, as likewise did all the other sick Persons. She believed in Christ our Saviour, repented of her mispent Life, and died in Peace with all Mankind.
Thomas Birch, of Paddington, was indicted for assaulting Peter Butler, in a certain Field and open Place near the King's Highway, putting him in Fear, and taking from him a Fowling-Piece, Value 10 s. the Property of William Price; and a Hat, the Goods of Peter Butler, November the 28th.
21. Thomas Birch, 30 Years of Age, born at Guildford, of mean Parents, who gave him little Education, was not put to any Trade, but served the Butchers , went a higgling , and at other Times did Country Work : In this Way of Business having always something to do, he lived very well in the Country. Six Years ago he lifted as a Soldier in the Coldstream Regiment of Guards, and did his Duty as well as others of his Fraternity. He married a Wife, by whom he has two Children now living. He was neither a Thief nor Robber before this, but lived pretty soberly, and better than many of those unfortunate People, and sometimes would go to Church. He did not plainly acknowledge this Robbery, but alledged some Mistake about the Evidence.
He behaved well, being very submissive and resign'd. At first he was sick, but when he recovered he came always to Chapel, though in a very weak Condition. He was very poor and destitute, but made no Complaints. He declared his Faith in Christ our only Saviour, sincerely repented of all his Sins and Follies, and died in Peace with all the World.
At the Place of Execution.
THE Morning of the Execution, they all (except those attended by Romish Priests) received the Holy Sacrament, and devoutly joined in the Prayers;after which they were put into the several Carts, and in the following Order were convey'd to the fatal Tree, viz.
In the first Cart were Quail, Legrose, and Huddle; in the second, Nash, Sheriff, and Elver; in the third, Middleton, Mahon, and Fox; in the fourth, Hunt, Birch, and Davis; in the fifth, Tims and Lipscomb; in the sixth, Parsonson and Cassody; in the seventh Brabant, Catt, and Stracey; and lastly, in a Mourning Coach, attended by the Rev. Mr. Broughton, came Mary Young, alias Jenny Diver; each Cart being guarded by a File of Musquereers with their Bayonets fixed to their Firelocks, and two of the Light Horse with their Swords drawn. After the Coach came eight more of the Light Horse, and about forty of the Foot, arm'd as before.
In this Manner were they convey'd through a vast Multitude of People of Tyburn, some of whom, notwithstanding the Guard of Soldiers, were very rude and noisy, hallooing, throwing Brickbats, Mud, &c. at the unhappy Prisoners, as they passed.
One Cart, not being sufficient to hold them, they were put into two, the Rev. Mr. Broughton praying for them in one, and myself in the other. They seemed very devout, and joined heartily in the Prayers and singing of Psalms; though we were interrupted on both Sides by different Persuasions, on the one Side was a Papist, praying loudly to the Saints, whom I was obliged to rebuke, by telling him he acted contrary to the Laws of our Land, and might be complain'd on, upon which he became silent; on the other Side was a Methodist, who by his Behaviour seemed rather crazy than devout, whom we also silenced, and went on with our Prayers.
Thomas Nash, being on the opposite Side of the Cart, behind three or four Papists, and not able to hear, earnestly entreated me to pray for him by himself, which I did, at which he seemed greatly affected, and was very devout and penitent.
Most of them adhered to their former Confessions, and added no more, than that they died in Peace with all Men, and hop'd for Mercy from God, through the Merits and Intercession of our Blessed Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ.
John Catt, (who was greatly affected and very penitent) desired me to clear Mr. Nixon of the Aspersion thrown on him, of having a Hand in the late Attempt of the Smugglers to break Goal, deciaring that Mr. Nixon had no Hand, directly or indirectly, in the Affair, nor knew any Thing of the Design, but that Catt himself was the chief Director thereof.
Priscilla Mahon was very serious, and so desirous of Prayers, that she call'd me out of the Coach to pray by her, and behaved very penitent, as did likewise Mary Young and Elizabeth Fox. Stacey declared he had been a very wicked Youth, and was not only guilty of those Robberies for which he was justly condemned, but of many more. He further declared, that Dennison and Lineham were innocent thereof. He had Hopes thro' the infinite Goodness and Mercy of God, and desired that all there would take Example by his fatal End, and shun their evil Ways.
Mr. Monk, with the Rev. Mr. Mason, following me to the Cart, John Davis declared with his dying Breath (as he had before done in Newgate to me, and several others) that he was put upon Swearing against the deceased Mr. Calcot, and Mr. Monk his Son-in-Law, and that they were entirely innocent.
Our Devotions being concluded by singing a Penitential Psalm, the Carts were drawn away, and they went off the Stage crying out, God be merciful to us! Lord Jesus receive our Spirits!
This is all the Account given by me,
Ordinary of Newgate.
The following is an Account of Daniel Jackson, who was capitally Convicted for the barbarous Murder of his Wife; and who after Condemnation died in his Cell, occasion'd by a Stab which he gave himself the Night he was committed to Newgate for the said Murder.
NOtwithstanding Daniel Jackson, the unhappy Criminal, who was condemned in October Sessions last, for the barbarous Murther of his Wife, escaped a publick Execution, by putting a Period to his Days before the Time appointed for his Suffering; yet as his Life became a Forfeit to the Law for his heinous Offence, we think it may not be amiss, (and flatter ourselves it will not be unacceptable to our Readers) to give them a succinct Account of what Particulars we have been able to collect, relating to his Birth, his Education, his Course of Life before Marriage, his Behaviour afterwards, and the Crime for which he was to have been made an Example.
It seems then, that this unfortunate Malefactor, was not only born of honest and credible Parents, but had a tollerable Education; and this is no small Aggravation of his Barbarity, that he was not guilty thereof through Ignorance of his Duty, wherein he was sufficiently instructed; his Father, who belonged to some Branch of the Iron Trade, having taken abundance of Pains to provide for his Family, and having brought up his Children very decently.
His Son Daniel, when he came to the Age of Thirteen, being a Lad of pregnant Parts, was employ'd a Gentleman belonging to some Office, to write for him, and this Gentleman had not only Prayers constantly twice a Day in his Family, but the Scripture also expounded to them; so that Daniel had an Advantage which few are so fortunate as to meet with, and it was not for want of knowing better, that he ran upon this Precipice.
This good Gentleman dying, young Jackson was recommended to another, in whose Service he continued two Years, and was approv'd of, and liked by the whole Family. At the Expiration of these two Years, he remov'd into the Service of a Lady at Westminster, where having a pretty deal of leisure Time upon his Hands, and being then of an industrious Disposition, he learnt to make Shoes , and became a tollerable Proficient in that Trade; insomuch that upon quitting this Lady's Service, he work'd as a Journeyman thereat for some Time.
Whether he did not then like to follow that Business wholly, or whatever else might be the Reason, we will not pretend to determine, but however that was, one Captain Weaver of St. Mary le Bone, hearing an extraordinary Character of him, was desirous of having him to wait upon him, to which Daniel Jackson agreeing, he not only was particularly kind to him in other Respects, but indulged him so far, as to let him have a Room in his own House to work in, at his leisure Hours.
During the Time of his being in this Service, he used to go to the House of the Gentlewoman who was Guardian to his Wife, to acquaint her in what Manner he went on in the World, not forgetting to expatiate on his Industry, to maintain himself in a handsome and genteel Manner: Hereupon the good Gentlewoman highly commended him for his prudent Oeconomy, and accordingly took him for an extraordinary sober, discreet, and thriving young Man.
After having pretty often repeated his Visits at the aforesaid Gentlewoman's House, he pretended a very great liking to the poor unhappy Maiden, to whom he was afterwards married, and who lived in her Family; the said Gentlewoman being left her Guardian, by her deceased Parents, who were Persons of good Credit, her Father having been a Coachmaker by Trade, and lived and died in Reputation.
It is not improbable, the Opinion of this young Maiden's being worth Money, may have contributed as much as any Thing else, to this his pretended liking; but however that was, he told the Gentlewoman her Guardian, one Day in Conversation, that he wanted but one Thing to compleat his Happiness, and that was, a sober, and discreet Woman, who would make him a good Wife. Having thus broken the Ice, he afterwards insinuated to the Lady, that he should like one who had been educated under her Care, and at last declar'd his Love expresly to her Ward, Miss. Hester Cole; adding, that he should be always very tender of her, and use her with all the Indulgence imaginable, and asked her Leave to make her Addresses to her.
Unhappily for the poor Creature, and indeed as it has proved for himself, the good Gentlewoman believing him an honest industrious young Fellow, and one who would seemingly prove an affectionate and loving Husband, reply'd, that she had no manner of Objection thereto, and gave her Consent to his courting her for a Wife: She told him, however at the same Time, she believed he might expect a Fortune with her, but that if he did so, he would be greatly deceived; for she had not any Money of hers in her Hands, all that belonged to her being incumber'd with Mortgages, except one House in Cold Bath-Street. His Answer was, that he did not want any Money, but only her Person; upon which, as soon as he had gain'd the poor Creature's good Will, the Gentlewoman gave her Consent very readily, imagining her Ward would be very well disposed of, and that they would live together in a comfortable and happy manner.
Accordingly they were married at Islington Church , on the 5th of Nov. 1738, after which, her Guardian deliver'd up to Dauiel Jackson, some Plate, Linnen, and other Things of Value; and on the 8th of Jan. following, the said Gentlewoman and he mutually exchanged general Releases.
After they had been married some Time, he left his Service, and taking a Shop in Princes-street, followed the Business of a Shoemaker , and might have done very well, had he continued as industrious as he pretended to be before his having a Wife: But to whatever Reason this Alteration in his Conduct was owing, certain it is, that he neglected his Trade, and ran so much in Debt there, before he had been long set up, that he was obliged to leave that Shop, and go off in the Night.
He sound Means however, to make up his Matters in a little while; since he came afterwards and settled in the House belonging to his Wife in Cold Bath street, where he might again have done very well, the House being full of good Lodgers, who paid their Rents duly, and he having tollerable Business, till by his own Neglect he lost it Indeed how should it be otherwise, since he not only frequented Ale-Houses, and would be often drunk, but perfectly turn'd the Night into Day, having been found in Bed with his Wife, at 4 o'Clock in the Afternoon, in the midst of Summer, by the Gentlewoman who had been her Guardian.
Accordingly the said Gentlewoman took his Wife to Task about it, telling her it was the Highway to Beggary and Ruin; and asking her, why she did not get up, tho' her Husband lay abed so shamefully? To which the poor Creature answered, she would willingly rise, but that he oblig'd her to lie as long as himself, and she was forced to comply for the Sake of Quietness, and to avoid being beat: She likewise complained, that he would continually ply her with Anniseed, Gin, Two penny, and other strong Liquors, on purpose as she believed, to destroy her by Drinking; and that tho' she often refused it, he would swear she should take it, and compel her to swallow it.
As the said Gentlewoman, in order to induce him to be a good Husband, used constantly to give him a Sundays Dinner, he never failed of coming there at that Time; and once amongst the rest, finding a proper Opportunity, broke open a Cabinet, and took out the Release he had given her, as also some other Writings: Not long afterwards he made Application to the said Gentlewoman, to join with him in the Mortgage of the House in Cold Bath street, it not being in his Power to do it without her Consent and Concurrence. Accordingly, upon his framing several specious Pretences, that it would not only set him clear in the World, but would also be very advantagious to him in his Way of Business; with divers repeated Protestations of his Amendment, and making one of the best Husbands for the future; the good Lady in Regard to his Wife, agreed thereto, and it was mortgaged for 50 l all of which he squander'd away riotously in a Months Time.
It could not reasonably be expected, that any Good should come of so much Extravagance; it is not therefore to be wondered at, that from thenceforth he should make a much worse Husband than ever; frequently bearing and abusing his Wsfe, in a most barbarous and inhuman Manner, so that she was seldom without some Marks about her, occasion'd by his ill Usage; and for some Time before he actually did commit this shocking Murder, she had been apprehensive of his having such an Intention, as she declared more than once, to two or three several People: Once amongst the rest, her Husband having brought Home his Sister Mary to his House, and they all lying together in one Bed, the poor Wife being asked the Reason of it, said, she suffered it out of Policy, being afraid he would be the Death of her, if she was left alone with him.
In Effect, if she ever made the least Complaints of his Extravagances, or remonstrated to him what would be the End thereof, he never failed beating her unmercifully; especially if she ever went to call him Home from the Ale house, though she
did it in never so mild and respectful a Manner. One Time in particular, when he had been sorting for several Days successively, on her going to him, and telling him, My Dear, you are not unsensible I have sat up three Nights together for you, pray come Home, that I may get some Rest; upon which he immediately rose up and went with her, without shewing any Signs of Anger; but no sooner was he got between the Queen's-Head and his own House, than he fell'd her at his Feet; and on her getting up, knock'd her down again, and after that repeated his Blows a third Time, till he had almost killed her.
But he did not confine his ill Usage to beating her only, for on the 9th of November, he obliged her to dress herself, for no other Cause but to receive a Bastard Child of his, together with the Woman by whom he had it, telling her, that he had a very good Reason for so doing: as it happen'd however, she was spared that Mortification, the Woman's not coming, because he had not provided her a Coach; but to make her Amends, he went to her on the Monday following, in order (as is supposed) by supplying her with Money.
On the 20th of November, his old Mistress, who was his Wife's Guardian, and had been so good a Friend to him, happening to call at his House, sound the poor young Woman in a perfect Agony, like an Aspen Leaf; on enquiring the Reason was told, Mr. Jackson was at the Queen's-Head , and she was afraid he would murder her when he came Home: Hereupon, the good Lady took her away with her, and kept her concealed at a Friend's, where she continued three or four Days, and happy had it been for them both, had she never removed from thence. But on the Sunday following, he made earnest Application to the Lady, to let his Wife return Home, making the most solemn Protestations never to beat or abuse her again, but to become a good Husband, and mind his Business for the future: Upon his fair Promises therefore, the Gentlewoman sent for her, and as soon as he set Eyes on her, he embraced her, wept over her (tho' they prov'd but Crocodile Tears) and said, he had never been easy all the Time she was absent, and took her Home with her, seemingly with abundance of Joy: Would any one have expected so soon the dismal Catastrophe that follow'd? Or did ever any one carry Dissimulation farther?
The very next Day being Monday the 24th, he sent his Servant to his Sister Hetty, to desire her to go to his Mother, and acquaint her that he had got his Wife Home again, and wou'd set her a going on the Morrow; an Expression, which by what follow'd, seems to denote, not only that he had a long premeditated Intention to murther her, but that some other Persons were privy thereto Accordingly, his Sister Hetty went to her Mother, and said, Here is good News, Daniel's Wife is come Home again, and you must go thither, for he will set her a going; to which his Sister Nanny Poole, very Christian like reply'd, Thank God! so that whatever that Expression, set her a going meant, it is plain, it was no Secret to them.
On Tuesday the 25th, about Eleven at Night, he bid his Servant take the Key of the Parlour, that he might light the Fire in the Morning; the Boy did so, and went directly to Bed, soon after which a Pistol was heard to go off, which as it appear'd afterwards, his Master had fired at his Mistress, but the Ball went over her Head, and graz'd against the Door of the Room.
On Wednesday the 26th, he made her lie a Bed till five in the Afternoon, and the Gentlewoman her Guardian, coming no less than four Times to see her, and asking, why she did so? she answer'd
There being so many Facts and Particulars given by these unhappy Convicts, as render it impracticable to bring the same within the usual Compass, and yet are so necessary to be known, we are obliged to refer our Readers to the Second Part of this Account, which will be published on Monday next, wherein the Reader will find a full Relation of the several Facts committed by the other Convicts, and particularly an Account of the remarkable Transactions of the Life of the noted Mary Young, alias Jenny Diver; also a full Relation of the several Robberies committed by George Stracey; likewise some further Particulars of the Life of Daniel Jackson, condemned for the Murder of his Wife, with the Manner of his committing the said Murder; the Confession of John Davis, alias Davy, for wrongfully swearing against Mr. Calcot and Mr. Monk for Deer stealing, and of his robbing Mr. and Mrs. Hill, for which his Brother was condemned at Chelmsford Assizes, and afterwards repriev'd for Transportation, a Narrative of the Life of Mr. Brabant, condemn'd for defrauding Messrs Martin and Comp of 60 Guineas, from his Birth to his unhappy Exit at Tyburn; and likewise a very remarkable Account of John Cat, who was Captain of a Gang of Smuglers.
THE ORDINARY of NEWGATE, His ACCOUNT of the Behaviour, Confession, and Dying Words, OF THE MALEFACTORS, Who were Executed at TYBURN, On WEDNESDAY the 18th of March, 1740.
Number I. Part II.
THE ORDINARY of NEWGATE, His ACCOUNT of the Behaviour, Confession, &c.
ANswer'd, Her Husband would not let her rise. It is surprizing however, and seems to have been by a sort of Fatality, as she had such sufficient Reason to believe her Life in immediate Danger, she did not desire the Lady to get her Husband secured, and leave him again a second Time. That very Night the old Woman his Mother, came as she had been desired, and staid there till the Saturday, tho' it appears, the Murder was committed on Friday the 28th in the Evening, without their having had any Quarrel or Words whatever, just after they got out of a Coach together, at the upper End of St. Giles's: What cou'd be the Reason of so much premeditated Malice does not appear, neither shall we pretend to determine; but that it was premeditated, we think is very evident, from all Circumstances, especially his having a pair of Pistols loaded in the Coach with him, and his attempting to shoot her with the other, but that it missed Fire; as also his discharging a Pistol at her at Home, the Tuesday Night before.
On his Trial he made little or no Defence, and what he did offer was trifling and absurd; neither did he seem much troubled either in Court, or after Condemnation in Newgate; on the contrary, he affected to appear quite unconcern'd before Company, though if we will believe a Letter which was found in his Pocket after his Death, he was not so inwardly.
We would willingly give as much Credit to the Words of a ing Man, as Christianity requires, but cannot help saying, by his Behaviour in Newgate, and long premeditated Self-Murder, (as it appears to us) he seems to have been an obdurate and harden'd Malefactor. How shall we otherwise be able to account for the following Circumstances.
On Sunday the 14th of December, while he was at Chaple, Charles, one of the Men who looks after the condemn'd Criminals, going into his Cell, found some Bloody-Rags, which gave him a strong Suspicion that Jackson had done himself some Mischief, whereupon he acquainted a Gentleman who was a Prisoner in the Press Yard therewith, and desired him to examine him about it, as he came down, Chapel. Accordingly he did so, and put it very Home to him, remonstrating to him, how dreadful it would be to add the Sin of Suicide, to that of the heinous Murder which he had already perpetrated.
Jackson at first denied it very obstinately, and on the Gentleman's telling him of the bloody Rags found in his Cell by Charles, said the Reason thereof was, he was troubled with the bloody Flux. However the Gentleman still pressing him yet more earnestly, to acknowledge the Truth, he condescended at last, tho' with great Difficulty, to confess that he had stabb'd himself in the Belly,
and pulling up his Shirt, shew'd them the Place. Hereupon a Surgeon was immediately sent for, who having prob'd and dressed his Wound, enquired when, in what Manner, and with what Instrument he had made such a large Gash? His Answer was, that he did it the very Night he was committed to Newgate, being on Friday the 28th of November, be wee Eight and Nine in the Evening, with a Shoomaker's Knife, which he afterwards threw over the Hatch belonging to the Old Condemn'd-Hold. As to the Manner of doing it, he said it was as follows; whilst he sat on the Stairs of the Condemn'd-Hold, he took the Knife with both his Hands extended, and thrust it aslant, with all his Strength, which divided the Umbilical Vessels.
Accordingly on searching his Cell, the second Time, a large Lump of proud Flesh was found, which he had extirpated from the Navel, being a Sort of Fungous or Excressency, proceeding from the aforesaid Cut, and occasioned by the Wound's not having proper Care taken thereof, immediately after its being given. Hereupon the Surgeon ask'd, how he came to cut off that Part? To which he answered, it was so weighty and troublesome, he could not bear it any longer; adding, that it stunk to that Degree, and was so very offensive, it was intollerable.
He was then ask'd, if he expected to have saved his Life, by cutting it off; or, whether he thought it would have put him out of Pain: He reply'd, No, but that he did it to case himself, and not to destroy himself; as also, that, if it pleased God to spare his Life, he never would attempt the like again; being willing to be made a public Example, that it might deter others for the future, from committing Murder, a Crime too frequently perpetrated in this City, and for which he was very justly condemn'd.
He did not live long after making this Discovery, for on Monday the 15th of December, Abraham Mendez (a very faithful and trusty old Servant belonging to the Goal) going about Eight in the Morning, being the usual Hour to unlock the Cells of the Condemn'd Criminals, and see whether they wanted any Thing, when he came to that of Daniel Jackson, he desired him to fetch him a Glass of warm Wine, for he was very faint, and prodigiously indisposed; adding, that if he did not make a great deal of Haste with it, he should certainly die; wherein he proved a true Prophet, for before Abraham return'd with it, he gave up the Ghost.
A little before his Decease, he confessed, that he took his Wise out with him with Design to kill her first, and himself afterwards, and had accordingly provided himself with a Pair of Pistols for that Purpose; and that he had failed of his Design, only through the first Pistol's missing Fire; for, after his having shot his Wife dead upon the Spot, the Coachman, who had just set them down, seized him, before he could charge that again, of put fresh Priming to the other, in order to kill himself. This, together with his long Concealment of having stabbed himself, shews that he had long harbour'd a premeditated Intention, not only to murder his Wife, but to commit Suicide (which he at last effected in the Manner before reated) renders it not a little surprizing, what Motives could induce the Jury who sat upon him, to bring in their Verdict Non Compos Mentis, in Consequence of which he was admitted to Christian Burial, and interr'd in the Church Yard belonging to Christ Church, being about Twenty eight Years of Age at the Time of his Decease.
We think it evident, by the foregoing Circumstances (as has been already observed) that Jackson committed a premeditated Self Murder; but, if this is not sufficient, the following Letter, which was found in his Pocket, after his Decease, puts it in a Manner out of Dispute, east our Opinion. It was For Mrs Jackson, near the Sign of the Red Cross, in Charges street, near Hyde-Park Corner.
THERE is one Thing I beg and crave of you, that is, you make all the Interest you possibly can, leave no Stone unturn'd to grant me the Happiness of being buried with my dear Wife, though in ever so mean a Manner, the meaner the better to my Satisfaction, if it is without a Coffin I am content. If it had pleased God I had got off at my Trial, it was my full Intent to have buried myself with her, as soon as I could find out her Grave, otherwise I had pleaded Guilty, and not have given the Trouble of Trying me. I shall die this Night
with as much Pleasure as I went to be married, being satisfied within myself God. Almighty will forgive me my great and manifold Sins, through the Merits of Jesus Christ. I hope none will reflect on my Behaviour on seeming unconcerned before Company, my Heart was not so, I could cry at others Misfortunes, but hated myself for such an inhuman Crime.
Dear Mother and Sisters, make yourselves easy, I doubt not, through God's Mercy, I am happier than this World could make me. The World will blame me for Self Murder; but after reasoning with myself, that I had forfeited my Life, that Blood cries for Blood, I could not think it any Offence to Almighty God, to pay the Debt myself I ow'd my dear Wife; I having more Time than when in a Crowd, to prepare myself for Eternity.
Pray let the Ordinary of Newgate have a Copy of this Letter; I have left him the Particulars, relating to this unhappy Scene, in another Paper.
Adieu! dear MOTHER, and SISTERS;
This other Letter was sent to him after Condemnation, and as it appears with a very Christian Intent, to induce him to prepare for his approaching End; but what little Effect it had upon him, may be seen by what has been already premised, we shall give it our Readers just as it is written, not knowing, either by the Hand, the Spelling, or the Subscribing of the Name, whether it came from a Man or a Woman.
I Sent a Letter to you the thurd of this Instant, but not heareing from you, I cannot tell wither you Reed it or no, so I have Rit to you a gaine, to put you in miend of your greet and of all chang wich you know must be very soon, and therefore I desire you will improve that little Time you have left, in praying to God that he would give you a Harte to repent truely of all your Sins, and that he wold be pleased to parden that haines and bloody Sin of Murder, wich you have been giltey of. Consider what the Rth off an angery God is, and that the Torments off Hell Fiere will be your Punishment for ever World without End; but thiere is Marcey still with God in and by Christ Jesus, who has made a full Satisfaction for all that truely repent and belive in him, for his Blood can wash away all Sin, and as greet Sinners as you are, have found Marcey; but remember you must have a broken and a contrite Hartc or else your Hopes will be vaine. And know, that none can give you that Hart but that God that made you, thierefore pray to him for it, for he has said, who so ever comes unto him, he will in no wise cast out. And now I wish what I have rit may be made of use to you, and if you desire to see me, if you will let me know, I will come to you at any Time, and as often as you would have me. However wither you will see me or no, I will pray for you as long as you are alive, who am your faithful Friend,
Dec. 14, 1740.
At Mr. Blackwell's, Halborn.
We have nothing farther to add concerning this unfortunate Criminal, who seems, by his Concealment of his Wound for near three Weeks, and not discovering it to the very last, but unwillingly, and by a Sort of Compulsion, to have been a most resolute, harden'd, and obdurate Reprobate; but that, he had one Child by his Wife, which liv'd but eight Months, and was buried in Clerkenwell Parish, near her Father, a CoachMaker; that she was herself interr'd in St. Giles's, where the Murder was committed; and that there seems to have been a Sort of Fatality attending the House where he liv'd; one Man having hang'd himself, and another having drown'd himself out of it, before he compleated the Tragedy, by murdering both. his unhappy Wife and himself.
AS I am in a few Days to suffer for what I most justly deserved, and am to give an Account to the righteous Judge of all Things for my past wicked Transactions, I thought it a Duty incumbent on me, as I could no other Way make Restitution, to publish an Account of my past mispent miserable Life; I know in doing this, I shall give much Offence to those Persons who have been Partners in my Crimes, and Partakers of ill got Goods; but let them consider 'ere 'tis too late, that the Course they are now pursuing, will one Day or other bring them into my sad State! I know if it was possible to speak with the Tongue of Men and Angels, without they beg of God, and have a sincere Desire to reform my unhappy Exit, as that of many Others before me, will be rather an Encouragement to pursue their wicked Practices, than work in them a Desire of reforming, as I must confess with all the Agonies of Horror, Remorse and anguish of Mind, it was formerly with me! But Oh! that they felt the Racks and Tortures I now do! how would they wish! what would they give! had they reformed by timely Advice. I do sincerely hope that my untimely Exit may be a Warning to all unhappy Persons, and that they would take Example by me, and shun the fatal Rock on which I split. I hope those I have any Ways offended or injured, will forgive my past Transactions, for which I am very sorry, and do heartily repent of; as the following Account contains a sincere and faithful Narrative of my Facts; and the various Methods taken in the Performance of 'em, I hope as I have made a true Discovery, that my Companions will forgive me for so doing; and I beg that God would grant them his Grace and enable them for the future to take to some honest, though ever so mean, an Employ. The Hopes of which has engag'd me to say thus much.
Mary Young, alias Murphew, alias Webb, alias Jenny Diver, (whose true Name was Mary Young) was so great a Proficient in her Art, that she got the Name amongst her Companions of Jenny Diver, alias Diving Jenny from her great Dexterity in picking Pockets; she followed this Profession between 14 and 15 Years; was born in the North of Ireland, but was entirely ignorant of her Family. When she was about 10 Years of Age, she was put to School by an old Woman whom she used to call by the Name of Nurse, who bestowed some small Matter of Learning upon her, as Reading, Writing, and Plain-Work, which latter she was dextrous at, being reckon'd an extraordinary Workwoman with her Needle. When she was about 15 Years of Age, having an itching Desire to see London, and Quarrelling with the old Woman who kept her, she made Enquiry for any Vessel bound for England, and soon finding one for her Purpose, she made an Agreement with the Captain who was to sail in three Days: Now her next Scheme was, how to leave the old Woman, and to get her Cloaths handsomely away, and Money to bear her Expences in her Passage, and when she came to England, to live on, 'till she could get into some Business, for as yet, she had not imbib'd any Principle to wrong or defraud any body, as she herself confess'd.
There was a young Fellow who had paid his Addresses to her in the Quality of a for the Space of a Month, now this Person being very sollicitous to persuade her to become his Wise, she told him there was but one Way to make them both happy, and that was to go to England, telling him the old Woman her Nurse, would never consent for her to marry him, and if he really loved her, as he pretended, he would soon comply with her Request; the young Fellow being overjoy'd at this Proposal, promised her he would, when she had so done, she told him how she had already made an Agreement with the Captain, who was to sail in about three Days, and directed him where he lived, desiring him to get Things in Readiness by that Time, he promised her he would, and accordingly took his Leave; as soon as the appointed Time came, the Morning when they were to sail, the youg Fellow who was a Servant to a Gentleman of Fortune, and being willing to bring his new Bride a handsome Sum to support Expences, robb'd his Master of upwards
of 80 l. and his Gold Watch; and both getting secretly Aboard, she for fear of her Nurse, and he for fear of being discovered, the Ship hoisted Sail, and arrived two Days after at the City of Liverpoole, in Lancashire. Assoon as they came Ashore, Jenny being Sea-sick, her Spark proposed to stay two or three Days, in order to refresh themselves before they proceeded for London; so he, for fear of being known, got a Lodging at a private House in that City now the Day being ome in which they designed to depart, he pack'd up her Cloaths, and his own, and put them in the Hands of the Waggoner in order to be carried to London, proposing themselves to follow, and so walk easy Day's Journeys, till such Time they should get safe to Town. As soon as they had so done, they went to a publick House in order to get some Refreshment before they set out; and as soon as they came in, who should be there but a Person who was sent in Quest of him by his Master; the young Spark was extremely surprized, and would have retreated faster than he came in, but it was too late, for the the Person seized him, and told him he was his Prisoner, and immediately upon this hurry'd him with a great Mob before the Mayor. As soon as they came there (Jenny following him at some Distance, for in the Hurry and Confusion no Body took Notice of her) she heard him confess the Robbery of his Master, but never mention'd one Syllable about her; now just before this Accident, he had given her 10 Guineas, in order to put in a little Purse which she had, the rest of the Money and the Watch being found on him, he was committed to Prison; as soon as Jenny heard this, she went aside to a Publick House and wrote him a Letter, expressing a great Concern for this Misfortune, and promised to return his Things that were pack'd up for London, and likewise the Money which she had of him when it was in her Power; so done, she made the best of her Way to Town, never as she confessed, being the least dismayed at this Accident.
After the Hurry was a little over, she was as good as her Word; for as soon as she arriv'd at London she sent his Things, and some Time after that his Money. He was cast (which was after she had been in London some Time) for his Life, but was transported afterwards. As soon as she arrived at London, she got acquainted with one A. M - p, who was her Country-woman, who took a Lodging for her near Long-Acre, where she proposed to take in Plain Work ; but Business not coming in according to Expectation, M - y takes her aside one Day, and thus expostulates the Case with her, says she, (Jenny) Trading being dead, suppose we was to take a new Method of Life, which at present you are a Stranger to; but what I am acquainted with; Jenny being mighty desirous to know what it was, why reply'd the other, if you'll go along with me this Evening, you shall be instructed in this new Art; but I must first swear you to Secrecy, for Fear if you shou'd not like it, you should discover; upon which Jenny promised she would obey her Directions in all Particulars, and swearing Secrecy, she was admitted into the Society that Evening, which consisted of four Persons, two Men and a Woman with herself; their Business that Evening was to go upon Cheving the Froe, (that is, Cutting off Womens Pockets;) in order to do this, they attended the Theatres after the Play was over; she was appointed (as being a young Novice in the Art) to stand Miss Slang all upon the Safe, (that is, to stand safe at a Distance as if not one of the Gang, in order to receive the Things stollen.) They got that Night 2 Diamond Girdle Buckles, and a Gold Watch, which they fenced at a Lock for 70 l.now Jenny had but 10 l. for her Share, by Reason that she did the least Execution, and was in least Danger.
Jenny finding Money coming in pretty fast this Way, applied her Time very diligent in this new Study; and in order that she might be well vers'd in this new Employ, and learn the Cant Language, one of her Companions used to come every Day to instruct her in the Theory of her new Calling, as well as the practical Part in order to which, she used to set aside two Hours every Day for this Purpose, and soon became a good Scholar, and well versed in the aforesaid Tongue; Jenny's Master coming often to instruct his new Pupil, they contracted such a Respect for each other, that they agreed to live together.
By this Time Jenny was grown a compleat Artist; and got great Reputation amongst her Companions. One Day when they were all out together upon Business, at a noted Meeting-house in the Old Jewry, where abundance of People were crowding, in order to get in, Jenny being
very genteely dressed, she observ'd a Gentleman who was a very Rum Muns, (that is, a great Beau) who had a very handsome Glim Star, (that is, a Ring) upon his Feme, (that is, Hand) which she longed to make, so giving the Hint to her Companions to Bulk the Muns forward, (that is, Push) they pushed him quite in; whereupon the Meeting being pretty full, as soon as he was in, Jenny held up her Hand to the young Spark, that he might help her forward, which he perceiving, very complaisantly gave her his Hand, in order to assist her, which she readily accepting of, she griped his Hand very fast, and while she had hold of his Hand, the People who were on the outside striving for Entrance, and Jenny's Companions pushing forward, in the Scuffle she squeez'd his Hand so hard, that he was glad to get it away, and did not perceive her take off his Diamond Ring, which as soon as she had effected, she slip'd behind her Companions, saying at the same Time, it is in vain to get in, I'll come another Time, when there's less Crowd; her Companions convey'd her clean off, before the Gentleman had Time to miss his Ring, who called out to stop the Woman, but 'twas too late, for she had brush'd off with the Booty, this gain'd her great Applause amongst her Companions, who now appointed her an equal Share of every Thing they got.
The next Exploit that Jenny went on was, Slanging the Gentry Mort rumly with a sham Kinchin, that is, (Cutting well the Women big with Child) which was thus perform'd, Jenny had got 2 false Arms made, and Hands, by an ingenious Artist, and dressing herself very genteely, like a Citizen's Wife big with Child, with a Pillow artfully fixed under her Coats for that Purpose, and her Arms fix'd on, she by the Contrivance of the Pillow hid her real ones under her Petticoat, and the artificial ones came across her Belly; Dressed in this Condition, with one of the Gang in the Habit of a Footman, she takes a Chair and goes, (it being on a Sunday Evening) to the Meetinghouse already mention'd it was so contriv'd by the rest of the Gang, that one should go before as a Scout, and bring Word to the supposed Footman in what Part of the Meeting set the rummest Froes; and likewise to Saweer clearly, (that is, to keep a good look out) that they should have Vid Loges, (repeating Watches) by their Side, that Jenny's Footman might place his Mistress accordingly.Now it was so ordered, that our big-belly'd Ladywas be plac'd in a Pew between 2 elderly Ladies who had both repeating Watches by their Side; she sat very quietly all the Time of the Service, but at the Conclusion of the last Prayer, the Adience being standing, she took both the Ladies Watches off, unperceiv'd by them, and tip'd 'em to one of her Companions, who was was ready planted for the Purpose (and who went and tip'd them to Slang upon the Safe; and then went back to be ready for Business) Now the Congregation breaking up, every body was in a Hurry to get out, and the Gang surrounding the Ladies in order to make a greater Croud, and help Jenny off if she should be smoak'd.
The two Ladies had no sooner got out of the Pew to the Door, but they missed their Watches, and made a terrible Outcry, which alarmed that Part of the Audience, who enquiring what was the Matter, was answered that the Ladies had lost their Watches, and being asked again who took them, answered, nobody, without the D - l and the big-belly'd Woman had, who was now got far enough off. Nay, says one of the Ladies, that's impossible, for she never moved her Hands from off her Lap, all the Time of the Service. This Accident gathered a great Mob round the Ladies, some enquiring, others confounded at the Strangeness of the Robbery: In the mean while Jenny was slipp'd out to a House hard by, and had alter'd her Dress, and delivered herself of her great Belly, and returned with the utmost Precipitation to her Companions, in order to be assisting in the helping of with more Moveables,who was very busy with the rest of the Crowd, and while they were astonished at the Accident, they took Opportunity to make the Gentleman's Loges and Tales, (or Men's repeating Watches) and to Chive the Froes of their Bungs, (or cut off the Women's Pockets.)
They were very successful that Day, for no sooner was they got to the Biding (or Place where they divide the Booty) but they examined the Contents of their Booties, which was three Bungs, with Lowers (Purses) in each Lower there were Ridges (or Guineas) and two Vid Loges. These, with the Money they had got, and 2 Tales (or Swords) amounted to 30 Ridges a Piece, after they had fenced the Loges, &c. which was all carried abroad, and disposed of by R – J - n, since dead.
After this Robbery, the Gang consulted together, and thought it proper not to steer that Way for some Time, for Fear of being discover'd. Jenny got so great a Name by this last Affair, that they all swore to act for the future according to her Directions in every Thing, which she thanked them for, and then made the following Speech.
"It is now 2 Years since I entered into this honourable Society, and I think it is a Duty incumbent upon me to advise for our general Preservation, that the following Articles ought to be made for the Use of our Gang.
I. That no one else be admitted without the Consent of the whole Gang.
II. That no one presume to go upon any thing by him or herself upon Pain of being entirely turn'd off, and left to shift.
III. That if any new Member be propos'd by any of the Gang, that he or she shall be a Month upon Trial, and all that Time shall be instructed at convenient Seasons in the Cant Tongue, so that they may speak intelligibly to nobody but the Gang.
IV. That if any of the Gang should happen to be taken upon any one Action, that the rest shall stand by him, or her, and swear any thing in order to get such releas'd; and if convicted, a sufficient Allowance to be given him or her in Prison out of the Common Stock, that they may live in a Gentleman or Gentlewoman-like Manner. These Articles were agreed to and fign'd by 'em all"
Their next Adventure was in St. James's-Park upon a fine Day, when abundance of People of Fashion were walking. In that Place, Jenny being well dressed, and her sham great Belly, with one of the Gang in the Habit of a Servant attending her,they took the Opportunity coming out at Spring Garden Gate, when a great Concourse of People were crouding, for the sham Lady to make a false Step and Stumble presently abundance of good-natur'd Gentlemen and Ladies seeing big belly'd Woman ready to fall, was very busy striving who should first lend their Assistance, notwithstanding which, the Lady fairly contriv'd to fall down, and when they went to help her up, she made Signs, and gave 'em to understand that she had so hurt herself by the Fright, that she could not presently recover so as to be able to stand upon her Legs; by this Time more People came up to see what was the Matter, and she had soorder'd it as to fall just in the Middle of the Passage; and while the Croud was gazing on, and commisserating the Case of the poor supposed distressed Lady, the rest of the Gang were very busy in speaking with their Pockets, Diamond Girdle Buckles, &c. They manag'd their Business so dextrously, that they got by this Adventure, two Diamond Girdle Buckles, a Gold Watch, a Gold Snuff Box and two Purses which contain'd upward of twenty Guineas; the next Day the Buckles, Watch, &c. were advertized, and a large Reward offer'd for them; which M - y proposed to restore for the Reward,when Jenny started up and ask'd who would venture Home with them? I, says M - y, would you? do you not consider the Consequence of returning them? why reply'd the other, there is no Questions to be ask'd, What then,replied Jenny; suppose there is not, apprehend you no farther Consequence than that; no, replied the other; why then resumed Jenny; my Reason is this; suppose you go Home with them and get the Reward offered; here lies the Case, the Parties injured, will, though they ask you no Question, take particular Notice of your Person, and some time or other when you are out upon Business, you may be smoak'd, and then perhaps all may be blown; so my Advice is, that whatever Things may be got, though we can Fence em but for two Thirds of the Value offer'd, yet it is much the safer Way, and less dangerous. This Reason the Gang applauded much, and presently consented to send them to their usual Fence, (who was one who used to trip over to Holland very often upon the Smuggling Business, and who gave most Money for Goods got in that Manner) and the Gang for the future very seldom made Restitution, but generally dealt with this Fence.
Some small Time after this last Adventure, 2 of the Gang fell Sick, and were rendered uncapable of turning out upon Business for some Time; now Jenny and her Quondam Spouse were obliged to turn out by themselves upon the Slang mort Lay, (described in the following Adventures Jenny being dressed as a big-belly'd Woman already-mention'd, and her Spouse as a Footman in a Livery, used to take the Opportunity of the Master of the House's Absence in a genteel
Street, when the Lady's pretended Footman knocking at the Door, asking if the Lady of the House was at Home, and being answer'd yes,usedto say, my Lady here is taken ill and desires to speak with your Mistress; and so when she had introduced herself and Servant, they was not idle upon the Occasion, but generally made what they could that lay in the Way. One Day Jenny and her Servant being upon Business of this Nature in Burr Street, near Wapping, Jenny's Servant knocked at the Door, and a Person coming and enquiring his Business, my Lady, says he there, pointing to Jenny, is a little out of Order, and being some Distance from Home, desires to speak with your Mistress; the Servant desired the Lady to Walk in, aud said, she would fetch her Mistress presently, who was above Stairs.
So directly in goes Jenny grunting and groaning as if she was half dead. Down comes the Mistress, and sends the Maid in a hurry up Stairs for the Champer-pot; while she went to fetch the Smelling Bottle. While they were gone, Jenny took the Opportunity of opening the Drawer, and taking out a fine dress'd suit, worth 60 Guineas, which she presently put in a Place made on purpose on the Inside of her large Hoop, and was got sitting in her Chair by the Time the Lady return'd) in a very moving melancholy Posture, pretending to be almost dead. As soon as the Lady came, and her Servant with the Pot, the pretended Footman was ordered into the Kitchen, who had till then attended his Mistress; but out of Decency, was desired to walk down till his Mistress wanted him; while he was in the Kitchen, he took the Opportunity to convey half a dozen Silver Spoons, a Salt, and a Pepper-Box in his Pocket; and as the Lady and her Maid above Stairs were very busy in applying her Smelling-Bottle to Madam's Nose, she took the Opportunity to convey the Lady's Purse out of her Pocket, when she had so done, pretending to be a little Better, ask'd the Lady's Pardon for the extraordinary Trouble she had given her, and returning many Thanks for her great Care and Kindness, desired her Man might be call'd to get a Coach, which he did in a Trice,and order'd the Coachman to drive to Mr. - naming an eminent Merchant near Tower-Street, at the same Time taking Leave of the Lady, and inviting her to the aforesaid Merchant's; but as soon as the Coachman had drove out of Sight, he was order'd to stop, and Madam Jenny pretending, she could not ride easy in a Coach: Here John, says she, give the Coachman a Shilling, and let about his Business. As soon as this was done, John and his Mistress retreated another Way; and went clean off with the Boory; two or three Facts of this Nature put a Stop to their farther Proceedings; the Circumstances which attended the committing of, being put into the public Papers, so that they thought it safest to desist from any more Tricks of this Nature.
Some few Days after, Jenny's Companion's recovering, they pursued their old Adventures with great Success; for in less than; Years they acquir'd above 300 Pounds a piece, besides Expences by these illegal Practices.
About this Time the Gang agreed to go in the Country upon Business there; so they took a Progress down to Bristol, in the Time of the Fair, kept there in the Summer Season. Here they thought it necessary to admit a new Member. Whom they found at that Place; who was esteemed a good Hand upon The Twang Adam ; that is (could draw him in by a fine Tongue, or Way of talking those, whom they had a Design to impose upon) they admitted after reading the foremention'd Articles, and swearing him to Secrecy; here it was thought proper to metamo one of them into the Habit of a Servant in The 2 Women pass'd for Gentlewomen. Merchants Wives in London, and who had come down to see the Fair, and the 2 Men for Persons who came down as Dealers and in order that they might more safely accomplish their intended Designs, they lodg'd at seperate Places, their Reason for so doing was, that if any of the Gang was detected, the others might appear for their Characters, as Acquaintance accidentally meeting there; they had their Lessons so perfect, that each knew one another's meaning almost by a No One Day the whole Gang being in the Fair, they espyed a West Country Clothier who had just received a Parcel of Money, to the amount of 100 Pounds, which he had given to a Servant, and order'd him to carry it to his Lodgings, and lock it up in his Bureau,and likewise gave him a Key, and bad him return in about an Hour to the Sign of the Fountain, a Tavern in the High-Street. The whole Whole Gang upon this, follows the Fellow and jostles him in the Croud, he falls down but he was so careful of his Bag that they could not get it from him
by this Means; so they were obliged to have recourse to the following Stratagem.
One of the Gang steps after him out of the Fair, and giving him a Tap of the Shoulder: Friend, says he, did not you part from your Master just now, and did not he order you to go Home with a Bag of Money. Yea, replied the Countryman, and what then? oh! says he, your Master has alter'd his Mind, and is upon the Point of Agreement for some Goods with my Mistress, and desires you will bring it, in order to pay for 'em, at the - naming a House where Jenny and the rest of the Gang were gone to. Oh! moighte weell, moighte weell! says the poor credulous Fellow. I' se go wi you; so Cheek by Jole they go along together.
,nl>In the mean Time, I -, who was dressed as the supposed Lady's Servant, amused the Countryman with what a handsome rich Lady his Mistress was, and how gloriously he lived with her; and how free she always used him.By this Time they drew towards the House where the rest of the Gang was waiting. When they came there, Jenny's supposed Servant introduced the Countryman (who artfully as they pass'd along, got his Master's Name, unknown to the poor ignorant Fellow.) When they entered the Room, who is this honest Mansays Jenny, Oh! Madam, it is Mr. S - 's Servant, come according to his Master's Orders. Oh! honest Friend says she, sit down, you Master is just gone a little Way, and will return presently, but you must stay till he comes back; Yea, Yea, Madeam, says the Countryman, I shall weat on your Lediship. Come honest Friend says she, will you drink a Glass of Wine; No Ise thank you Madum, Come, Come, don't be bashfull, you shall drink, so pouring out a Glass of Wine, he drank it off; come now you must drink another towards your Master's Health. S'Bleed Madaum, says the Countryman, Ise drink that, thof 'twas a whole Mile to the Bottom; so taking the Glass in his Hand, drank it off; now says Jenny, you must drink my Health, the Countryman with the two first Glasses being pretty much spiritted, chatter'd, ads Waudds, Madam, that Ise do thof it was as deep as the Sea; an I codd - and so off it goes; well done, honest Friend, says Jenny.
Now every Glass the poor Countryman drank, was mix'd with a certain Quantity of liquid Laudanum.
As soon as she had done this, Here John, says she, take this honest Fellow, and treat him handsomely till his Master comes, and then I'll send for him in again; so the poor Countryman making twenty aukward Scringes and Scrapes, goes out, and was convey'd to a more close Room convenient for the Purpose, along with his new Acquaintance.
When they had been there about half an Hour, and drank three or four Glasses of more Wine, the Countryman began to yawn, and in some small Time after, fell fast asleep. As soon ashe perceived this, the Signal was given, and the Gang came in, and took the poor Fellows Bag of Money, paid the Reckoning, and ordered the Servant not to disturb the poor Man, who was weary, but let him have his Nap out. They went away, and going seperately to their Lodgings, they got their Things in Readiness, and then made the best of their Way for London, leaving the poor Country Fellow to curse his new Acquaintance.
They made so many Things at this Fair, that when they came to Town, and Fenced them, they shared Thirty Pounds a piece, besides Expences.
By these Means, the Gang supported themselves in the most splendid Manner, sometimes living very profusely, like People of Quality; only they kept up what they term'd a common Stock, to support themselves in Case of any Disaster, which was thus raised. When any Booty was got and sold, a Tenth, Part was put by, to relieve the Gang in Time of Need, and the remaining Part, was equally divided amongst them.
The usual Places of Jenny and the Gang's Resort in London, when there was no extraordinary Crowd in other Places, was the Change, the Bridge, &c. One Day being upon Business at the last mentioned Place about 5 o'Clock in the Evening, the Gang espy'd a Lady very well dressed, on Foot, walking over, and when she had got about half Way, a sudden Hurry of Carts and Coaches coming over at the same Instant, she stood up at a Door in order to avoid them. One of the Gang, being genteely dressed, steps up at the same Time, and says, Have a Care, Madam; and so standing before her, catches hold of both her Arms, that she should not be at Liberty to Tout the rest, and holds them up: In the mean Time
Jenny, and the rest of the Gang, were very busy with her, and they was so dexterous, that before the Coaches got by, they made her Pocket, and walked off with it. As soon as the Hurry was over, the Lady dropp'd the supposed Gentleman a fine Curtsey, and humbly thank'd him for his great Care, and so took her Leave, little dreaming of her Loss; for they found in the Pocket upwards of 30 Guineas, a gold Snuff box worth 6 Guineas, and a Case of silver Instruments.
The next Day being upon Business, the Corner of Change-Alley, they got a Pocket-Book, in which was two hundred Pound Bank-Notes, which they sold to their old Friend the Jew J - n, for 130 l. ready Cash.
Jenny now took genteel Lodgings not far from Covent Garden; and living in a very gay Manner, kept a Servant to wait on her and her supposed Spouse. They lodged in this Place, that they might be the readier to attend the Theatre, and convey their Booties soonest off.
One Night when his Majesty was at the Play-House, the Gang dressed Jenny up very gay, like a Person of Quality, and going in a Chair with her Footman before her, she got a Place in the Middle of the front Boxes but having no Opportunity to do any Thing while the Play was performing, she came our before the Entertainment was over, handed by a young Beau, whom she had pick'd up. She sounding him, found him a Country young Gentleman, lately come from York.
The Spark being very much enamour'd with his new Mistress, desired the Honour of conducting her Home to her Lodgings. Laird, Sir, says she, that's impossible, for, I am married, and if I should let a strange Gentleman wait upon me Home, what do you think my Spose would say? Then, Madam, quoth the Youngster, permit me the Pleasure of waiting on you to drink a Glass of Wine. Sir, says she, it is what I don't care to do, but added with a Sigh, if I thought you was Man of Honour, I durst venture to drink a Glass of Wine, for sure there is no Harm in that, but am told that there is so few Men of Honour, it hard trusting. Madam, reply'd the enamoured ark eagerly, I would sooner kill myself than your Reputation. With this last Expression any seemed to be overcome, and went with the ark to the Rose, the Corner, of the Theatre, calling for a Room, he said a hundred fine Things to his new Acquaintance. After Jenny had drank a Glass, and sat a Quarter of an Hour, she seemed uneasy, and wanted to be gone Our Spark used many Intreaties for her Stay, but in vain , for she positively insisted upon going (for as yet she had not given the Gang necessary Directions upon this new Affair, so to be sure she could not stay) then the young Spark insisted upon going with her, but she begged he would not trouble himself, yet with much Intreaty on his Side, this last Requst was, with some seeming Difficulty, granted.
Then he called the Drawer, and ordered a Hackney Coach to be got ready, and handed the Lady in with much Complisance. Jenny order'd the Coachman to drive slowly to her Lodgings, naming the Place where she lived, and as they were going Home, he pressed hard for the Pleasure of seeing her again. She told him, she expected her Husband would be out of Town in two or three Days, and in that Time he might call upon her. By this Time the Coach came to the Door, so Jenny requesting the Favour, that the Spark would sit still till she got out, and get himself out at some other Place for fear of her Husband, she would be glad to see him in two or three Days, and in that Time prepare for his Reception.
The young Gallant, so overjoy'd, took his Leave; so Jenny got out of the Coach, and going up Stairs, found the Gang come there before, for it seems the Signal was for her to stay till the Play was done, an she coming out before, they had missed her. As soon as she entered the Room they began to upbraid her, for being out of the Way, for it seems by wanting her they lost then Right Hand,for they made but one Gold Snuff-Box that Night; but the soon pacified them, by telling them her Adventure, and what she intended to do, the appointed Evening being come, in which Jenny's Spark was to appear, he came dressed very gay with a gold Watch in his Pocket, a gold hilted Sword by his Side, a Diamond Ring upon his Finger, and a Gold headed Cane dangling in his Hand.
Jenny being ready to receive him, had dressed up two of the Gang in rich Liveries, and M - and her waiting Woman very gay, and the Lodgings being genteel, all Things seemed to look very grand.
The young Suark seeing this Grandeur, seemed quite amazed, and to be sure thought er some Person of Quality, as he afterwards privately told her by and by up comes a Bottle of Wine, and some rich Sweetmeats, then the Footman was ordered to withdraw. Now Sir, says Jenny, you must think I have a great Respect for you, to be with you in this manner, I hope you are a Gentleman of more Honour than to tattle of a Lady's Favours. The young Gentleman reply'd, by would sooner cut his Tongue out; after some small Discourse, Jenny gave him to understand, that she did not expect her Husband till very late Evening, so the Spark begged hard, that that Time, she would make him happy in her Arms; in short, she so contriv'd Matters that made him believe none of her Servants knew any Thing of the Affair of his Stay, except her; Chambermaid and Confident; so conducting him into her Bedchamber, the young Spark to enjoy his Mistress, soon slipped off his Cloaths and got into Bed, she pulled hers off slowly pretending to be very bashful, upon which he jump'd out of Bed in order to assist her, unbuckling her Shoes, she pretending , catched hold of his Hand, and to admire his Ring, took it off his Finger and put it upon hers; as soon as she had got the Signal was given from the supposed Maid, who knock'd at the Door, and told her that her Master was come Home: Jenny immediately out of Bed, Lord!says what shall I do, I am inevitably ruin'd! Madam, says her Lover, what shall I do? On Sir! says she, I have into Bed and cover yourself all over Head Ears, and I'll take your Cloaths and hide 'em, least perchance he should take it into his Head to come into this Room, and in the mean Time I'll go and persuade him that I'm not well, and perhaps I can make him lie by himself to Night, which if I do than I can have the Pleasure of being with your this Evening.
The Spark immediately did as he was ordered, and Jenny slipp'd on her Night Gown, &c. and went out of the Room, and lock'd the Door after her when she came into the Place where the rest of the Gang was, they held a Consultation; the result of which was, immediately to quit the lodgings and leave poor Pill Garlick in the Lurch, which was immediately put in Execution, and the poor unfortunate Enamoretta left locked up by himself,who no Doubt cursed his new Acquaintance, which for the future 'tis thought gave him a Caution how he enter'd into Intreagues of this Nature; they examined the Contents of this Booty, which amounted when the Moveables was Fenced to 250 l. Now Jenny had the greatest Share of this Booty, because she did the most Execution; her Share coming to upwards of 50 l.
After this Robbery the Gang retired into the Country, where they carried on their Adventures very successfully for the Space of half a Year, when coming to Town they pursued their old Courses as Occasion offered.
She lay in Newgate almost 4 Months, and then was Transported; during the Time of her Confinement she turned Fence, and bought such Things as came in her Way, she having a quantity of Money by her, and knowing this Business could no ways affect her, she being Cast already; and when she went away she had as many Goods of one Sort or other, as would almost have loaded a Waggon. When she came on Board she was treated in a quite different Manner from the rest of the Transports, and was put ashore at the first Port they came to in Virginia. Jenny staid no longer there than to see the Country, for Business in her Way could not be transacted there; so after she had diverted herself as long as she thought proper, she agreed with a Gentleman for her Passage who was bound for England, who brought her over. When she came back, she did not chuse immediately to come to Town, but went and took a Progress round the Countries; and after she had sufficiently tired herself, and the Country People with her Exploits, shecame to London, where she with some others used to resort about London Bridge, the Royal-Exchange, the Play-Houses, and St. Paul's.
In April 1738, in the Mayor lty of Sir John Barnard, she was try'd by the Name of Jane Web, for picking the Pocket of Mrs. Rowley, who had been at St. Paul's to hear the Rehearsal; one Mr. Addy who detected her was offered 50 l. not to appear against her on her Trial: but he like an honest Man refused it. At the very Time Mr. Addy seized her for picking the Pocket of Mrs. Rowley, she was going to pick the Pocket of Dr. Best's Lady. Another Person who appeared against her on her Trial, said he saw her pick 20 Pockets that Day, and had known her to have been a Pick-pocket these five Years; she was found guilty, and was ordered for Transportation, and accordingly was Transported, but returned again,
All the while she was under Sentence of Death, she never omitted coming to Chapel, behaving herself very devout, and seemingly very penitent for her past, wicked Life The Day before she died she sent for the Nurse that nursed her Child, (who lives in Little-Britain) which is about three Years of Age, and begged that she would now and then see it, and telling her the Child would be taken Care of; desiring her to give it good Advice, and instill good Notions into it, when she came capable to receive her Admonitions; which the Nurse faithfully promised to perform while she lived; on which Jenny reply'd, I don't doubt of your Love for my poor Child, and so God bless and protect you; Pray for my poor Soul while I am living, for I have greatly offended my good God.
The Morning she went to Execution she seem'd very composed; but when the Officer came to halter her in the Press Yard, she was very much shocked. She was conveyed to the Place of Execution in a Mourning Coach, attended by the Revd. Mr. Broughton, who went and prayed to her in the Cart, after some Time allowed her for her Devotions, she went off the Stage, crying to God to have Mercy on her, Christ have Mercy on me, Lord receive my Spirit, Sweet Jesus receive my Spirit, &c. After she had hung the usual Time, she was cut down, and convey'd to Pancrass, in order to be interr'd in the Church-yard.
She confessed the Fact for which she died for.
This ended the
In the Peace in the latter End of Queen Anne's Reign, I came to England, and work'd for Mr. Hartwell, and Mr. Bradford, in Blowbladder Street, and several others of the same Trade, and was likewise admitted an Officer of the Marshall's Court.
In these Employments I might have done very well, had not Gaming and bad Company (which are the sole Ruin of Youth) drawn off my Attention from Business, and plunged me into such Extravagance, that I soon acquired the Name of Mr. EPICURE. When my Wife was living I used to frequent the Play-house every Night, and have often given a Guinea for a Quart of Pease, 7 s. for a Gill of Strawberries, and 5 s. a piece for Cucumbers; in short, nothing would suit my voluptuous Taste, except in its greatest Bloom and Glory, and when it bore the highest Price.
I own that I robb'd Mr. Dalbey on Saturday the 29th of Nov. of two Shop Books and a Leidger, and on his advertising 2 Shop Books only, I sent a Buckle-Chafe-Maker, who lives in Water-Lane, with the two Shop Books, expecting to get the Reward which was offered, and kept the Leidger myself, intending to receive the Debts which it contained; but on examining it, I found nothing in it for my Purpose; so on the Monday Night following, I committed it to the Flames, in the House of a Person who was concerned with one in the Commission of the Robbery.
For this I was apprehended when I was at Supper with some Friends on Fowls and Bacon at the Boar's-Head Alehouse in Fleet-street, and had then in my Pocket a pair of screw Barrel'd Pistols which were worth six Guineas, (for what Use I carry'd them about me the Reader may easily judge) I had tike a large Snick or Snee Knife, and a Whistle, with which we use to call our Companions when in Distress.
When I was seized I did not apprehend that I should be committed for this Fact, but imagining that I should be searched for Arms, I privately pulled them out of my Pocket, likewise some Powder and Ball out of my Breeches, and concealed them under a Bench in the House; but recollecting that if I was carryed before Col. Deveil, I should certainly be detain'd on Parish's Account, and that these Pistols might be of Service to me in Prison, I dropp'd my Hat, and on Pretence of stooping for that, I conveyed them into it, and brought them away with me.
When we had staid drinking some Time, seemingly very friendly, I was put into a Coach, in order to be carry'd before the sitting Alderman at Guild Hall, and as we came through St. Paul's-Church-Yard, I threw my Pistols, Knife and Whistle out of the Coach Window.
In Dec. Sessions following I was tried for this Fact, by the Name of George Lacey, and order'd to be Whipp'd; but before I was discharged, I was detained by Mr. Deveil, (that worthy Magistrate so zealous for the public Good) for the Robbery on Mr. Benjamin Parish of Oxfordshire. As for the Robberies on Mr. Parish, for which I die, I must confess, that I was so unhappy as to be concern'd both in the House Robbery, and that which was committed in the Street; but the Prosecutor in some Particulars of his Evidence was mistaken, for I never gave him any Liquor till after he was robb'd, and then we did make him drink Cherry-Brandy out of a Pint Pot to keep him quiet.
I likewise own, that I put his Watch into his Coat Pocket, after the Woman had robb'd him of it, imagining that the Loss of his Watch might, when he went Home, create some Uneasiness between him and his Wife, and might sooner be miss'd than a large Sum of Money.
After this he went away, and I being a little disorder'd with Liquor, follow'd him into Long-Acre, and robbed him of his Watch, I Shilling and 6 Pence in Silver, and a Pair of silver Knee Buckles, but as to a Coat and a Shirt, I never saw them.
When I had rifled Parish this second Time, I left him, and return'd to Keogh's House, where I had lodged about three Weeks, and gave Keogh all the Money, in order for Distribution among the Persons who were concerned with me, thinking it was sweet, and that we should never hear more of Parish; but he was taken up by the Watchmen, and by them brought into Drury-Lane, and opposite to Keogh's Door he fell down. I was looking out of the Window at the same Time, and saw the Watchmen carry him off, in Order to go with him to his Inn; but for drinking with him in any House afterwards, I deny that I ever did.
Before I was confined for Mr. Dalbey's Affair, Keogh sent for me, and gave me a Guinea of Parish's Money, which is all that I ever had of it, for Keogh and his Wife, on hearing of the Warrant of Detainer against me, ran away to Ireland with the rest of the Money.
I return Thanks to those Gentlemen who have been so kind as to furnish me with Books, in order to assist me in my Preparation for a future State.
Likewise to the two worthy Divines, together with Mr. Guthrie, for their kind and often Attendance on me, and for their being so ready to resolve any Questions which I have proposed to them, in these my melancholly Circumstances.
I hope nobody will be so void of Humanity as to reflect on my aged Mother, and my dear Child; and pray, that by my untimely End, all my former bad Companions may take Warning, and forsake their evil Courses before it be too late.
I die in perfect Charity with all Mankind, and heartily forgive all those who have done me any Injuries, as I myself expect Fogiveness at the Last Day.
Cells of Newgate, March 14.
The following LETTER was wrote by the above unhappy Person to his Mother.
IT is not difficult to conceive the great Trouble you consequently must be in, on Account of my unhappy Condition; but we ought in all Things to submit the Will of that Being, who is, and ever will be our Portion and Hope, when all earthly Vanities fail and forsake us.
Is it not from his Divine Hand, that we receive our Life, and all that is valuable and dear to us?
It is then absolutely necessary, that we should be entirely at his Disposal, and not murmur at any Thing he is pleased to lay on us, for St. Paul teacheth us, That the Afflictions of this World are in themselves light, and purchase for us a far more exceeding and eternal Weight of Glory.
With the utmost Regret and Sorrow, I now look back on my past mispent Life, and that I have made so bad a Use of that Education, which you, out of your extream Tenderness, bestowed on me; and must
own, that it is through my own Folly and Rashness, that I have plunged both myself and you into this Sea of Affliction. But I trust thar the Divine Being will extricate me out of all Trouble, and sorrly Receive my Soul into Everlasting Happiness.
That you may continually be under the Divine Care and Protection; that he may be your Comforter in all your Afflictions; and when you shall be called hence and no more seen, you may be hapyy in that World, where here shall be no Weeping, Sorrow nor Pain, and whose Joys knows no End, is the hearty Prayer of
Your Dying Son,
P. S. As I must shortly resign my Breath, I beg as my last Request, that you wou'd have a particular Regard, in the Education of my Dear Child.
The ACCOUNT of Mr. BRABANT, who was Executed for Forgery.
I Was born in the Year 1720, in the Parish of Mellsum, near Sandy Lane, in the County of Wilts. My Father was a Grasier and Farmer in the same Place, who as a proper Age put me to School to Mr. Jones, who keeps a Boarding-School in the City of Bristol, with whom I remain'd two Years and upwards, in which Time I became a good Proficient in Writing and Accompts, and acquired some small Knowledge in the Latin Tongue.
My Father being no longer able to maintain me there, and it being out of his Power to advance any Money to put me to a Trade or Calling, ordered me Home, when, though young, I perceived my Father's Circumstances were at a very low Eb; (but he being supported by my Mother's Brother, my Uncle John Lewies, who lives near Eversham in Worcestershire, in good Credit and Repute) a Servant Boy was turned away, and I ordered to supply his Place, which was to drive Plough, look after Cattle , &c.
In this Capacity I continued with my Father some Time; but my Brother being jealous of my obtaining more Favour with my Mother than himself, frequently used to beat and ill treat me in such a Manner, that I could no longer bear with it. I acquainted my Father therewith, who severely reprimanded him, but to no Purpose, he continuing his usual Behaviour towards me: Whereupon I acquainted my Father with my Intention of leaving him; which accordingly I did in a few Days Time.
My Mother finding I was determined to go and leave them, gave me two Guineas in my Pocket. My first Journey was to Salisbury, where an old School fellow of mine then lived at the King's-Arms Inn, to whom I apply'd for Business: He at first seemed glad to see me, but finding I was in pursuit of Business, and none to be found for me in that Town, soon grew cold; on which I took my Leave, and set out for Great Marlborough, in hopes of finding Business: But when I came there, I could get none to do, except to draw Beer at the Angel Inn, which I refused, and proceeded forward to the Devizes; where, upon Enquiry, a Gentleman who keeps a Boarding-School, employ-me as an Assistant two Days; but finding I was not qualified for him, he dismissed me.
My next Journey was to Bristol, where on my Arrival in Town, I waited on my old Master Jones, who was very glad to see me, and upon my relating to him my Story, he employ'd me in his School, where I had an Opportunity of improving my Hand.
Here I lived half a Year, to the Satisfaction of my Master and myself. Not being contented in this happy Station, I gave my Master Notice of leaving him and going to London; he endeavoured to dissuade me from going, but I being determined, left him, and away I came.
On the 17th of January, 1739, I arrived at the Three-Cups Inn, in Bread Street, where I soon became Acquainted with one J – F -, an Irishman, who lived not far from the said Inn, and goes under the Denomination of a Distiller, keeping a little Ginn Shop; he proposed to me as I was
a Stranger in London, and out of Business, to come and live with him, which I accepted, and accordingly went to his House, where I continued from my Arrival in London, until within a few 8 Months before this fatal Fact was committed. During the Time I was with F - l, he pretending to be a Sollicitor, I used to do what Writing there was to do; his chief Business was to Bail, and procure Bail for any one who wanted, and would pay him for the same, and once in particular, he persuaded me to justify in the Court of King's-Bench, for 16000 l. when at the same Time I was not worth one Shilling; for this I was handsomely rewarded, with which I bought fine Cloaths, and put up for a Man of Fortune, when it was agreed betwixt me and Mr. F - l, I should turn Fortune-hunter, whereupon he recommended me as a Man of Fortune, and one Night a grand Ball was made, when my intended Spouse was there, and upon Enquiry, I found it was Bite the Biter, I took her for a Lady of Fortune, and she took me for a Man of Fortune; but upon Enquiry, I found my fine Lady to be the noted B - y J - s, who kept a Coffee-House in Drury-Lane, which I am credibly informed, is a Habitation for Thieves and Pick-pockets, her Brother being a noted one, commonly call'd or known by the Name of Little R - d J - s.
Being thus impos'd upon by my Friend, as I thought him (who if it had been real, and I succeeded, was to have a Share of her Fortune.) I left him, and never after saw him until I was committed to Newgate, where he came to visit a poor Woman Prisoner, whom he had defrauded of 14 Guineas, under Pretence of solliciting her Cause, when at the same Time it was not in his Power to do her any real Service, since which, I understand she perish'd for want.
Upon my leaving Mr. F - l, I went to lodge at Mr. Price's, the Sign of the Crown, in Dragger's-Court, Lothbury, where a Countryman of mine lodged, aud who recommended me; here I staid till my Money and Cloaths were gone, and not knowing what Course to take, I offer'd my Service to draw Beer for Mr. Price, who not wanting one himself, out of Compassion (knowing I wrote a good Hand) recommended me to Mr. Tipper, where I continued 4 Months, during which Time I was ready and willing to do any Thing, such as run on Errands , black Shoes, &c. and when he had any Writing to be done, I was glad and willing to do it, and at other Opportunities instructed his Clerk , Joseph Arrd, in Accompts.
Mr. Tipper was so well satisfied with this my Behaviour, that he had recommended me to go as a Writer to Capt. Westcoate, who was bound for China. But he going into the Country, left Directions and a Letter with his Clerk, to get an Order for the Remittance of 2 l. 10 s. to a Relation he then had on Board one of his Majesty's Ships at Plymouth. His Clerk being busy, desired me to take the Letter, and get the Order, which I did from a Gentleman in Bride-Lane. When I had got the Order, instead of going to Mr. Tipper's with it and the Letter, I took it Home to my Room where I lodged, and kept it all Night, when I had an Opportunity of trying to counterfeit his Hand, which by Morning I had compleated, and received the Money the same Day.
There being a Man at Mr. Tipper's who was but half-witted, I told him I was going away, and asked him to go with me, which he consented to; that Night we went to the Angel-Inn in Piccadilly, and the next Day I drew the other Draught and received the Money. At Night I returned to the Inn aforesaid; the next Day I provided myself in Monmouth street, with what Cloaths I wanted, and bought some Necessaries for my Man John. The next Day I took Lodgings at one Paul D - s, a Haberdasher, there my Stay was but three Days, he and I no Ways agreeing in our Tempers.
The next Lodging I took was at one Ottaman's a Sweed, in Gerrard street, St. Ann's; whilst I was here, I daily used to dine at one De La Rant's, at the Turk's Head-Tavern, in Grig-street, Soho, where I often met, and renewed my Acquaintance with him. He judging by my Appearance, keeping a Servant, and spending of Money, I was a Man of Fortune; he proposed to recommend a young Lady of his Acquaintance to me for a Wife. I was glad of the Proposal, and desired to see her there the next Day at Dinner. After Dinner, and drinking plentifully, I was very sweet upon my new Lady, when it was agreed that she should stay with me that Night, upon Condi
tion, of my marrying her the next Morning, D - e not caring to take my Word, obliged me to enter into an Agreement of 500 l. to perform my Promise; the next Morning reflecting on what had pass, I grew cool and refused to marry her; on which Mr. D - e threaten'd me with the Agreement. I then began to enquire what Fortune she had, and who were her Relations, D - e informed me her Name was Miss H - e, and that she was descended of a good Family, in whose Power it was to give her a plentiful Fortune, and that after the Death of her Grandmother, she would have a Fortune that nobody could hinder her off: (who I hear is dead since my Confinement, bot not Farthing of Money for my Wife) Upon this, I consented to be married, and accordingly after Dinner to the Fleet we went, where we were married at the Expence of D - e, who was present; after a Day or 2 I enquired for her Relations, but all the Relations or Friends I could find she then had, was only Mr. D - e, by whom she has had 2 Children both now living and at Nurse. By this Time I began to be in some Concern about what I had done in defrauding that worthy Gentleman. Mr. Tipper, and was afraid of being discover'd by my Man John, whereupon I took him to East Smithfield, where I had an Acquaintance lived; I applied to him, and told him, if he could get my Man John pressed, I would give him 5 Guineas: John having some Thought of my Intentions, immediately left me, and went to One in Carnaby-Market, a Relation of his, who directly secured him, and acquainted Mr. Tipper therewith. Mr. Tipper's Clerk being at Home, went directly to him. John gave Intelligence where I lived, and was to be found, the Clerk came to my Lodging at Mr. O'Hammon's, to ask for me, I was then gone out, as Mrs. O Hammon informed him, D - e and my fine Wife were then in the Parlour, and desired him to walk in, which he did, he had no sooner been in, than one came to the Door and knocked hard, D - e thinking it was me, desired him to conceal himself in a Closet in the Room, which he refused Mrs. O Hammon suspecting something was the Matter, told Mr. Tipper's Clerk I was gone out, but was to return very soon, and if he would wait at the King's Head, Ale-House in Gerrard-Street, he would see me come past, he not regarding this, left a Woman at the Alehouse, and went himself to Colonel De Veil's for a Warrant, but before he return'd, as I came past the Alehouse, the Woman cryed out Stop Thief! on which I was secured and brought into the Alehouse; I had not been there 5 Minutes, before Mr. Tipper and his Clerk came in, when Mr. Tipper call'd me by my Name, and asked me if I knew him, which I deny'd, and said my Name was Jones, but being carried directly before Clonel-D was and in my Pocket was , the Agreement between and my Wife, Bills of Parcels and Receipts, and notwithstanding this, I still deny'd either knowing Mr. Tipper, on that my Name was Brabart though there were present a Milliner who lived the Neighbourhood, of whom I had be spoke for me and my Wife 200 l. worth of Linnen, and also a Gentleman of whom I bought a Diamond Ring for 5 Guineas, and of whom I had be spoken a Gold repeating Watch, both of whom confronted me, so that I was committed to Newgate, The above Ring, with another, I gave to my Wife, which I have often since repented, she never sending or bringing me any Relief since my Confinement. The four Guineas brought into Newgate with me, being soon gone, I made the Case known to my Brother in the Country, and desired he would come up to Town and advance the Money for me, in order to mittigate my Prosecution. He came to London and to see me Newgate, but never came near me afterwards.
I gave over all Hopes, and expected nothing but a Tryal, unless I could by any means make my Escape, which was my last Hopes Being out the Master Side, I constantly kept up Stairs, the Turnkey had no Opportunity of seeing me so often as the other Prisoners, I thought Practicable to go out in a Disguise at the amongst Strangers, for this End, I a Waistcoat and Breeches for 2 l. 5 s. part of which Money I was to have given to a Fellow one John Collins, to let me have his Clothes, and to assist in cutting off my which he did , but in the Morning of the Day my Design was to have been put in Execution, my Escape was by some other Prisoner who was informed thereof discovered to the Turnkey, who immediately double ironed me, and put me on the Common-Side, where to my Shame I met with a just Fate, and earnestly entreat all young Men to take Warning by me,
MR. Monck of Stratford, and some other Gentlemen, being with this Criminal on Monday last, to desire he would speak the Truth concerning an Accusation of Deer-stealing, severely, prosecuted in Essex against that Gentleman and another, on his single Evidence. He deferr'd the giving any such Account till Wednesday Morning, when he desired Mr. Bayes, of the Green-Man at Epping-Forest, to attend him, and promised to make a full and free Confession. But doubting
that so near his End he might not be in a proper Temper or Condition to do it, he sent on Tuesday for the Printer of this Paper, and frankly made the following Confession.
That on the 21st of Sept. 1738, the Prisoner, with his Brother William David, went out to rob in Essex; one on Horseback, the other on Foot, in order to command the Path as well as the publick Road; and meeting one Mr. Hill and his Wife, near Gray's, they robbed them of a pack of Goods. Some Horsemen coming up, and Mr. Hill telling them his Cafe, they readily agreed to go in quest of the Robbers. Mr. Hill sat down his Wife at an Alehouse, and went with them thither; in about two Hours after William came to ask his Way; John who was on Foot, and more readily knowing the Country made his Escape. As soon as Mrs. Hill had Sight of the Man, old some Persons who were drinking in the House, that this was one of the Rogues. They run out immediately, seized his Bridle, and before he could hindle his Pistol, (which, with the Horse were his Brothers) they got the better of him, Carried him to a Justice, and he was committed to Chemsford Goal; and at the next Assizes tried and capitally convicted, but repriev'd Transportation before the Judges left the
after this, the Prisoner went to Mr. and desired to have a little Talk with him so going into a Field, adjoining, Sir, says threatened to be taken up for a High- Robbery, I had the Fortune to find some Things between Grave and Orser, and some People say I did not come by them honestly. What must I do John, says the Gentleman, if you did find them, you came by them honestly enough no can hurt you, you need fear nothing. Upon this they parted,
within a Day or two from this, Mr. Monck being at London, the Town Farrier who shoes his coming to him one Morning, asked it he had heard of this Robbery between Gray's and Orset? he answered, No; but the Farrier's Question alarmed him, and he began to suspect that David was the Man; so he resolv'd to send an Account of this Conversation, and a Description of his Person Mr. Hill, who back Wrd, that he was certainly the Man, and prayed he might be seized. Mr. Monck had him secur'd, and Mr. Hill swore to him, upon which he was committed to the Compter; where he contrived the Information against Mr. Collcut and Monck, partly out of Revenge, and partly to destroy any Evidence that Mr. Monck might give against him.
On Tuesday Evening, the Night before his Execution, he desired to speak with the Printer of the Dying-Speeches, who being come Sir, says he, I have something to tell you which gives me great Uneasiness, and I beg you would insert it in your Paper, to do Justice to those injured Persons, whom (as I am a dying Man, and am shortly to appear before the Judgment Seat of Christ, to answer for my wicked Actions) I have basely wronged.
Sometime since, at the Instigation of a Noble Lord's Bailiff (whom he named) I swore falsly against that worthy Gentleman Mr. Collcut of Hounsditch, late deceased, and his Son-in-law Mr. Monck, for Deer Stealing; for which I heartily ask Pardon and Forgiveness of Mr. Monck, and I hope God of his infinite Mercy will forgive me, as I do all the World.
March 17, 1740. Witness to the above Confession.
AS I am sensible the World will reflect of a poor Wretch who makes his Exit in the unhappy Manner I shall in a few Days do, I thought it necessary to say something of myself, in order that Persons may not think me guilty of Crimes I did not actually commit; these Reflections joined with those of making Restitution for past Offences, as the latter's entirely out of my Power, I hope the World will forgive me for publishing this of myself; for I can only at present discover the various Methods I took to defraud his Majesty and his Subjects, which I heartily repent of, and hope God will forgive me; as on the other Hand I forgive all the World, and die in Peace with Mankind. To begin it will be unnecessary to give no Account of my Parents, by Reason they are not answerable for my Transactions, therefore nothing very material happening till I came to the Age of Man, I shall recount my Adventures from that Time.
The first Acquaintance I had was with one R - who let me into the Method of Smuggling Goods from Holland, and in order that we might the more safely carry on our concerted Schemes, 3 more of the same Inclination as myself, after we had taken an Oath of Secrecy, subscrib'd to the following Articles.
Imprimis, That we should stand by one another till Death, not fearing to spill the last Drop of Blood in Defence of our Companions.
II. That no one of the Gang, should hazard any Thing by himself on Pain of being discarded by the rest.
III. That we should know where to find each other at an Hours Warning.
IV. That if any of the Gang should happen, to be taken, that the rest should rescue him if
possible, if not to allow him a sufficient Maintenance to support him during the Time of his Confinement.
These Articles we all swore to very solemnly, and then we consulted in what manner to proceed, and arm'd ourselves with Pistols and Cutlasses, that we might be able to make a resolute Defence in Case of an Attack. Our first Contrivance to bilk the Officers was perform'd in the following Manner; we had a Quantity of Tea, and knowing the Officers would be in Pursuit of us, we loaded several Horses, and concealed them in a Field near the Road Side, about 3 Miles from Lewis in Sussex, five of us being ready likewise concealed along with them; we had order'd two of our Companions to go forward, who had two Horses lightly loaded with Tea, as judging whereabouts the Officers would lay in wait for us. It happen'd according to our Expectation, for our Companions had not got above half a Mile from us, before they espyed the Officers coming to give them a Salute, which they being aware of, pretended to fly; and while they were in pursuit of them, we took our Opportunity to convey our Goods into the Town, and planted them safe before they could have any Intelligence of us. But to return to our Companions, they had led the Officers in Chase a long Time, 'till being afraid of giving them too great an Opportunity, they threw their Loads of their Horses, and giving them a Spur, soon got clear, by Reason the Pursuers staid to take the Prize, which was about an Ct. and a half of Tea, whilst we made sure of upwards of 1800 lb. We by such Methods as these, we carry'd on our fraudulent Practices very successfully for some Time, till at last they had better Intelligence of us, and came up to us when we had got a Waggon Load of Goods; but finding us ver, resolute, they thought it adviseable to desist, and let us carry off our Booty, tho we had a skirmish, and in this Action I lost my Horse; they sent a Spy after us unperceived, who brought them Intelligence where we went, and we had like to have lost our Booty, but one of our People being vigilant, brought us Intelligence of our being smoaked, and about that Time we had admitted 10 more into our Number, so thought ourselves able to make a vigorous Defence; and accordingly taking our Goods into the middle of a Field, they came up to us, but finding our Number increased, only a slight Encounter happen'd, in which Action the rest of our Gang happening to approve of my Courage, honoured me with the Name of Captain, a very glorious Title I thought at that Time, but since find to my fatal Cost a very unhappy Title it proved to me.
We now begun to grow so daring, that it was thought necessary to reinforce the Officers with more Men, in order to put a Stop to our Proceedings; but we having Intelligence, had recourse to Fraud, and so still managed our Matters very well. I cannot help taking Notice here, that we thought ourselves in no unjustifiable Actions, tho' unlawful ones, and I was so unhappy as to imagine, that our Crimes we were committing every Day, was not contrary to the Laws of Reason and Nature, tho' to those of Man; (though if he had a right Sense of Things, he would have known, that it was as much Injustice, as to rob on the Highway, or do any other Action which might justly incense the Civil Government to cut him off as an ill Weed.)
There happen'd during the Course of our illegal Actions, to come a Person into the Country who kept his Coach, him some of our Gang having a Knowledge of he bought 400 wt. of Tea of us, which he concealed in the Seats, and other Parts of the Coach very artfully, as judging no Person would suspect him; but he was for 3 or 4 of our Gang, and myself agreed to go and make Information against him, which we accordingly did, and after he had paid us our Money twice, I thought this a very bad Action to serve him in this manner, and heartily ask his Pardon for so doing.
One Time we had a Quantity of Tea lodg'd at a certain Place near Lewis, and fearing who was then pretty much about, it out, we call'd a Consultation, and agreed in order to divert their pursuit, to use the following Stratagem. We got a Quantity of Bags, which we iffed with Hay. Straw, and ty'd, them hard down, and when we had so done; we convey'd them to a certain empty House. As soon as we had done this, two of my Companions and I went to the Officers, and pretending we had a Quarrel with the rest, we would Discover where they might seize a very large Quantity of Tea; now they being before apprehend of our real Booty, thought sure, so sent one of their Friends along with to see the Place, and
So ten of our Companions being for the Purpose, pretended to give sent with us his Cue, whom was told introduced as our Friends, the poor Fellow obey'd us exactly we came to the appointed Place, he was introdu
ced accordingly. When he came to the Room, mark'd 100 wt. wt. and a half, so that it seem'd when he had thought 4 back to the Person they sent, continued so they preparing being about twenty in Number, we be absent, left our Companions suspects, readily agreed to, so here gone more of our Company, went and con the real having ten Company imaginary one, who for they soon opened they for the Time, upward
this of whole Black the of we but and sent to I was and William Thompson, carry'd over by Capt. I sincerely wish that my untimely Exit and that reform; for they will find that a honest manner, will being more Satisfaction, than a Pound acquired
N. B. A horrid and villainous Design was on to rescue the late Criminals out of Goa, in the Dead-Warrant, by a Body of Smugglers and Irish, and tended to be in Execution on Tuesday, being St. Patrick's Day, which was, the Day before the Malefactors were to die. Some few Days before they were to luster, Quail, one, of the condemn'd Persons, gave an Information, to the Head Keeper, That Catt, the noted Smuggler, said he could for his Part, raise a Posse; and likewise Hunt and Cassody said, they could raise among the Irish to the Number of 40, or more, in order to rescue them out of the abovesaid Goal, which was to be done in the following Manner, by killing the Person who kept the outward Door of the Press Yard, by which they would be Master of the Key; and then to Murder the Head Keeper (and any Gentleman that might be with him) and the Runner who are to the Place This information was confirm'd to the Head Keeper Jenny Diver, alias Young, within an Hour after Quail's information, and also by Jenny Diver Companion, which is repriev'd for ready to confirm the same. Head-Keeper, as well as his Servants, who do their Duty, and too merciful Way; the horrid Contrivance was discover'd and prevented by the aforesaid Quail and to render those more out the reach of Behalf, Hunt and Cassody, two of the most desperate of the Irish Gag were search'd as they came down from Chapel, and in searching them, they found a large clasp'd Knife in Pocket, and another of much the same Demensions conceal'd Cassody's Armpit; upon which both of them were immediately stappled down to their respective Cells, in which Condition they continued till put into the Cart for Execution. These Knives answer'd exactly to the Description that had been given of them by the above Quail, and confirm'd by Others to the Head-Keeper and therefore 'twas judg'd adviseable to secure those, they were found upon in the Manner above mention'd.
P. S. the above Escape was propos'd by Hunt, to George Stacey, as they went to Chappel; whereupon Stacey made Answer, That he would be no Ways concern'd; for he had committed a great many enormous Crimes, and GOD forbid he should be guilty of Murder.