THE ORDINARY of NEWGATE, His ACCOUNT of the Behaviour, Confession, and Dying Words, OF THE MALEFACTORS, Who were Executed at TYBURN On WEDNESDAY the 18th of JANUARY.
Number I. For the said Year.
THE ORDINARY of NEWGATE, His ACCOUNT of the Behaviour, Confession, &c.
AT the Sessions of Oyer and Terminer, and Goal-Delivery of Newgate, held for the City of London and County of Middlesex, at Justice-Hall in the Old-Bailey, on Wednesday the 12th, Thursday the 13th, Friday the 14th, and Saturday the 15th of October last, before the Right Honourable Sir John Thompson, Knt . Lord Mayor of the City of London, the Worshipful Mr. Justice Denton, Simon Urlin, Esq ; Deputy-Recorder of the City of London, and others his Majesty's Justices, &c.
Three Men, viz. Thomas Car, Alexander Ratcliffe, Thomas Watson; and three Women, viz. Elizabeth Adams, Sarah Allen, and Charlotte Gregg, were convicted of capital Offences, and received Sentence of Death accordingly. And,
At the Sessions of Oyer and Terminer, and Goal-Delivery of Newgate, held at Justice-Hall in the Old-Bailey, on Wednesday the 7th, Thursday the 8th, Friday the 9th, Saturday the 10th, and Monday the 12th of December last, before the Right Honourable Sir John Barnard, Knt . Lord Mayor of the City of London, the Right Honourable the Lord Chief Justice Willes, the Worshipful Mr. Justice Probyn, Mr. Baron Thompson, Simon Urlin, Esq ; Deputy-Recorder of the City of London, and others his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer, &c.
Ten Men, viz. John Bugden, Abraham Davenport, William Cudmore, William Hardesty, William Brown, John Lane, Isaac Whitehead, Grafton Kirk, Terry Gerrard, Joseph Shaw; and two Women, viz Elizabeth Osborn and Ann Clark were found Guilty of capital Crimes, and received Sentence of Death.
While these unhappy Persons were under Sentence, they were exhorted to Repentance, for their wicked Lives, and to a stedfast Faith in Christ. They were likewise informed of the Nature of that Faith and Repentance which were necessary to their everlasting Welfare. They were likewise made sensible that their Lives had been directly contrary to the Terms of the Gospel, and that their own Consciences must condemn the Courses they had been engag'd in; that without sincere Repentance, and Faith in the Merits of a Saviour, who knew no Sin, they must be miserable to all Eternity.
In order to bring Sarah Allen to a due Sense of her Crime in murthering her Child, I discoursed upon these Words, Can a Woman forget her ing Child, that she should not have Compassion the Son of her Womb? And I gave her, and the rest of these unhappy Persons, such Admonitions and Instructions, as were suitable to their several Circumstances and Conditions.
They were instructed in the Nature of the Holy Sacrament of the Lord's Supper, and were exhorted to renew their Baptismal Covenant, which they had broke in so many Instances, and had been so regardless of, during the whole Course of their Lives. And they were all seemingly attentive to the Instructions given them, except,
Thomas Car, whose Legs were swell'd, and who was under the Care of a Surgeon, he having eight or nine Ulcers therein, he could not (he said) go up Stairs to Chapel, nor attend regularly at Divine Service: When I visited him, he was very civil and submissive, apologiz'd for his not coming up to Prayers, because of his Indisposition; declared himself penitent, and that he was mindful of his Duty, and desirous of making his Peace with God.
Elizabeth Adams, though afflicted with Pains and Infirmities in her Legs, occasioned by violent Colds, yet she (though with Difficulty) came pretty constantly to Chapel. She, and Alexander Ratcliffe, were (in Appearance) very devout and serious. Mrs. Leng also attended, and behaved with abundance of Submission and Resignation.
On Thursday, January the 12th, Report was made to his Majesty in Council of the Eighteen Malefactors under Sentence of Death in the Cells of Newgate. When
The remaining Fourteen, viz Thomas Car, Elizabeth Adams, Sarah Allen, Alexander Ratcliffe, Thomas Watson, Abraham Davenport, William Hardisty, William Brown, John Lane, Isaac Whitehead, Terry Gerrard, Joseph Shaw, Elizabeth Osborn, and Ann Clark, were ordered for Execution.
1. William Cudmore, convicted for stealing Cloaths and Goods to a considerable Value, in the House of Gerrard Bottomley, Esq ; was about 30 Years of Age, born at Exeter of honest Parents, who gave him good Education at School, and instructed him in the Principles of Religion: He was bred a Barber and Perriwig-maker , and came to Town 16 or 17 Years ago. He served in several Noblemen's and Gentlemen's Houses as a Footman , and sometimes as a Butler , in which last Station he serv'd in the House of a very great Man, but his Master dying, he kept a Publick House near the Seven-Dials , and then losing his Wife and Children, he fell into bad Company, and soon run out his Stock, and being reduc'd, he went to Service again; he had liv'd as a Servant with Mr. Bottomley, and after he left him, he resolved to rob him; for that Purpose he agreed with Thomas Watson (lately executed for this Fact) and the Evidence Sharp. He owned they committed this Robbery, but insinuated that some Circumstances in the Witness's Deposition against him were not strictly just. He acknowledged that he was the Person who broke open the Chest for the Cloaths; and that Watson, Sharp, and himself, were equally concerned in the Fact. He grew very ill in his Confinement, contracted such a Lameness in his Legs and Feet, that he was carried on a Man's Back to receive his Sentence. Once or twice he got up to Chapel, supported by others: His Behaviour during his Confinement, was grave and serious. On Tuesday the 3d of January, about Noon, he died in his Cell, in a poor and miserable Condition.
2. Alexander Ratcliffe, who was indicted for breaking and entering the Dwelling-House of Thomas Gibson, Baker , at Islington, March 26, 1735, and was convicted in last October Sessions for this Fact, was about 25 Years of Age, born of honest Parents in Dublin, he could read, write, and understood something of Accompts; he was bound Apprentice there at a proper Age, and served out his Apprenticeship; then thinking to mend his Condition, he came over to England about four Years ago, and followed his Trade here; when he was out of Employment in his own Business, he served as a Labourer to Bricklayers and Builders; but getting acquainted with Ward and Row (formerly executed for the Fact for which this Prisoner suffer'd) they persuaded him to join with them in their Way of Life. He could not (he said) resist their Sollicitations, which brought him to this End. One of their Companions was a Journeyman Baker, who had formerly serv'd Mr. Gibson, and he apprehending that his Master had considerable Sums of Money in the House, as he frequently returned Money for Grasiers, Farmers, and other Dealers, he represented the Attempt upon his House to hi Companions, as a Project very likely to enrich them all; and accordingly Ratcliffe engaged with them in the Commission of this Fact, for on the 26th of March, 1735, five of them set out upon the Design, and got into the House about two o'Clock in the Morning; Mr. Gibson and h Servant being at work in the Bakehouse, they shot them, wounded Mr. Gibson, then bound him, and obliged the Servant with Threats, to condu them to the several Places from whence they to the Goods that were charged upon them in the
Indictments. Two of them, Row and Ward, were taken in the Country, endeavouring to escape to Ireland, and were both executed: Mr. Gibson hearing that Ratcliffe was secreted at a House of evil Fame in Drury-Lane, pursued him, and endeavoured to take him, but he escaped out of the Top of the House and got off, making the best of his Way for Dublin; Mr. Gibson being certainly informed that he was at Dublin, sent thither and had him apprehended: He was imprisoned there for some Time, and then was sent to Carlisle; from thence he was brought to London, where he met with the Fate of his other two Companions, the other two having escaped beyond Sea. Ratcliffe was not grosly ignorant, but behaved decently and modestly; he was not willing fully to confess the Robbery, and denied that he was a Thief or House-breaker before. He imputed his Misfortunes to being engaged with bad Women; and to outward Appearance, repented of his former Follies: He declared his Hope of Salvation was in Christ his only Saviour, was sorry for all his Sins, and died in Peace with all the World.
3. Sarah Allen, who was convicted of the Murder her Male Bastard Child, by throwing it out a Garret Window, in the House of John yar, in Holbourn, was about 27 Years of Age, of honest Parents in Buckinghamshire; her ather was a Blacksmith, who gave her tollerable education at School: She came to London eleven Years ago, and was a Servant in many Families, behaving honestly and with Reputation. Some time ago she served in a Publick House at Westminster, and there contracting Familiarity with a certain young Man, she proved with Child by , and never discovered the same to any Per; when she grew near her Time, she left her rvice, and came to the House of an Acquaintance near Turnstile, where she lodged in a Garret. September in the Night-time, she was brought Bed of a Male Child, and called for no Asance; but to avoid her Shame, she threw the ild out of the Window, three Stories high, in the Street, which was found by two Women imes in the Morning, as they were going to the Market, and the Mother being discovered, confessed her Crime, and was secured in the house, and as soon as she was in a proper ndition, she was sent to Newgate, and at the uing Sessions in October, was convicted of her me. All she alledged in Excuse, was, that was out of her Senses; but this appear only an Excuse, she received her just Sentence. For some Time, when first under Sentence, she was in a miserable Condition with a Fever and Ague, but recovering, she attended constantly at Chapel, and behaved in a very humble, devout, and religious Manner; she appeared penitent, and repented for all the Sins of her Life, particularly the heinous Crime of murthering her own innocent new-born Infant; begged Pardon of God and Man; she believed in Christ, and died in Peace with all the World.
4. Thomas Watson, was indicted for stealing a large Parcel of Cloaths and other Goods to a considerable Value, in the House of Gerrard Bottomley, Esq ; in which Fact Cudmore, who died in Goal (as above) Charles Carter, and Sharp the Evidence, were all concerned: He was about 24 Years old, born at Lincoln , of honest Parents, his Father was a Gardener to a Gentleman of Quality, gave him such Education as his Circumstances would permit, in the Country; when he was of Age, he was not put to a Trade, but afterwards he served some Noblemen and Gentlemen of Quality, and behaved well for some Time. As for the Robbery he was convicted of, he owned the same, but said, he was put upon it by the Evidence Sharp and Cudmore, who took all the Goods, but he attending in the House, got a Share of the Booty, amounting to a considerable Sum of Money: Some of these Things were restored to Mr. Bottomley, having been found out at the White-Horse-Inn, in Fleet street; others of them were carried away by the Evidence and Garter, who is escaped. Watson mention'd a Design propos'd by one of the Rogues to murder the Gentleman, but the Providence of God having disappointed them, there is no need of mentioning that any further. He denied that he was ever guilty of any other Robberies or Thefts, and behaved in a decent Manner. In the preceding Part of his Life he was not so wicked as many of those Creatures are, but latterly fell into ill Company, which was addicted to Gaming and other Vices. He behaved well under his Misfortunes, decently attended the Worship of God, was attentive to Instructions, hop'd for Salvation thro' the Merits of Christ Jesus only; repented for all the Sins of his Life, especially the Crime he died for, and forgave all Men, as he expected Forgiveness from God.
Terry Gerrard was again indicted for assaulting (with John Pierce not taken) George Elliston in a certain Field near the King's Highway, putting him in Fear, &c. and taking from him a Silver Watch, value 3 l. a silver Chain, value 3 s. a silver Seal, value 2 s. another Seal set in Bath Mettal and Steel, value 3 d. a pair of Shoe Buckles, value 10 d. 2 pieces of Copper, and 3 s. in Money, Oct. 26. He was found guilty of both Indictments and received Sentence of Death accordingly.
He was 22 Years of Age, born in Spittle-Fields, his Father died and left him young, but his Father-in-law and Mother gave him School Education, and fitted him for Business. When he was of Age he was put Apprentice to a Weaver in Spittle-fields, and serv'd most of his Time; but being of an unsettled Disposition, he bought the rest of his Time of his Master, and married a Wife who knew nothing of his being a Thief. He acknowledged that the Company he kept brought him to his Destruction, and he confessed in particular the robbing of Captain Gough and Mr. Adams, as the Facts were sworn against him. He own'd the committing of many other Robberies, but was not willing to be particular, and that he had been a great Drunkard, Blasphemer and wearer, and own'd that he suffer'd most deservedly, and was prevented from doing much farther Mischief. He appeared penitent, and behav'd well in Chappel. He was very attentive oth to Prayers and Exhortations; but latterly he rew very sick, and sometimes lost his Senses. hen the Dead Warrant came down and he eard he was included therein, he was surpriz'd, and seem'd very much concerned. He professed Belief in Christ, was penitent for the great ns of his Life, and died in Peace with all Mannd.
5. Joseph Shaw, of St. John Hackney, was indicted assaulting Edmund South on the King's Highway, and taking from him a silver hilted Sword, value 20 s. a Walking Stick with a Pinchbeck Me Head, value 1 s the Goods of Thomas South, pair of silver Buckles, value 5 s. and a silver cket piece, value 2 s. the Goods of Edmund South, Oct. 24.
He was about 24 Years of Age, born in Lambeth, his Father (a Gardiner ) educated him carely, and afterwards bred him to his own Business. He serv'd out his Apprenticeship, and some Time earn'd his Bread with his Labour, was seldom out of Business: his robust Conution made him take great Delight in fighting boxing, and he neglected his Business to be a Spectator of such Sports; this frequently occasion'd the loss of his Employment, and at last he grew an idle profligate Wretch, and enter'd himself into a Company of vicious, disorderly Persons. He first began with small Things, such as robbing Gardens, and Hot-beds, of Cucumbers, Asparagus, &c. for which he was once a Prisoner in Newgate before; but getting acquainted with Kirk and Gerrard, they prompted him to commit the Facts, for one of which he died. He confessed himself to have been a very wicked Youth, and behav'd well, but could not be brought to a deep Contrition of his Guilt. He hop'd for Mercy from God, through the Merits of Jesus Christ, and died in Peace with all Men.
He was again indicted with Samuel Piper, for assaulting Charles Clark on the King's Highway, putting him in Fear, and taking from him 18 s. in Money, Oct. 23. Piper was acquitted, and Hardisty found guilty.
He was 20 Years of Age, and was born at the back of St. Clements, of mean Parents, who educated him as well as their Circumstances would permit. His Father was an Hostler at an Inn, and he followed the same Business, and serv'd under Gentlemen's Grooms in Stables. He was very poor, and his Poverty occasioned by a tedious Sickness was the Cause of his taking bad Courses, for being out of all Business, he got acquainted with Street-Robbers, and others who advised him to go on the Highway, and his Poverty induc'd him to comply with their pernicious Counsel. He confessed the two Robberies of which he was convicted, and one more, and said he never committed any other. He was very much addicted to many Vices, but during his Confinement he behav'd well, yet was not duly affected for his Condition. He said he had followed Street robbing only for the Space of 2 Months, but had been guilty of many other petty Thefts. He lamented that he had shot a Man in the Face, the Pistol going off accidentally. He acknowledged the Justice of his Sentence, and believ'd in Christ his only Saviour, repented of his many great Sins, and forgave all Men, as he expected Forgiveness from God.
8. William Brown, was indicted for assaulting William Haines in a Field near the King's Highway, putting him in Fear, &c. and taking from him a pair of wrought base mettal Buckles, value 12 d. Oct. 12.
He was 55 Years of Age, born of mean Parents in Town, had a little Education at School, of which he made no Use. He was never put to any Trade, but serv'd Hackney Coachmen , and liv'd as he said, an honest, tho' a painful and laborious Life. Most part of his Time he passed in or about London, only once he went to Sea on board his Majesty's Fleet to Copenhagen, when he return'd he was clear'd off, and went no more abroad, but liv'd honestly, and it would never have enter'd into his Mind to betake himself to irregular Ways, had he not fallen into bad Company, which was the occasion of all the miserable Misfortunes which befell him; for being in Company with two or three young Fellows, who had been accustom'd to rob on the Highway, they earnestly perswaded him to go out with them on that Business, the 12th of October; Brown not having Resolution to withstand their Proposal, went with them accordingly, and about 9 in the Evening, having resolved to attack the first Person they met with, in the Field by the New River Head, meeting with 4 or 5 Butchers, they immediately assaulted them, demanding their Money, with horrid Oaths and Imprecations; the Butchers were not very willing to comply with their Demand, and the Rogues being impatient, Brown cock'd a Pistol, but one of the Men turn'd it aside just before it went off, and got it from him, then threw him on the Ground; in the Scuffle some of the Robbers searched one of the Men, but took nothing except a pair of Buckles; then they ran away, and left Brown who was carried to Sadler's-Wells, and from thence before a Justice, who committed him to Newgate. He confessed that he was concern'd in this Assault or Robbery, but got nothing at all himself. He was grosly ignorant of Religion, having long been an idle, profane Fellow. I endeavour'd to instruct him, but he was dull and of little Understanding, he was always sick, and came seldom to Chappel: but when he attended, or I visited him, he behav'd well. He declar'd his Faith in Christ, that he was sincerely sorry for all the Sins of his Life, and was in Peace with all Men.
John Lane, was indicted for assaulting Anne Porter, near the King's Highway, putting her in Fear, and taking from her a Linnen Bag, value 7 d, a linnen Handkerchief, value 6 d. a Gold Ring, value 14 s. half a Guinea, and 26 s. in Money, Nov. 11.
9. He was 19 Years of Age, born of honest Parents, in Islington, who gave him a tolerable Education. His Father failing in his Business of a Farmer , he was not put to a Trade, but serv'd the Carmen . Bad Company and Idleness ruin'd him. Loitering about the House of Mr. Price at Palmer's Green, from Saturday till Monday, and knowing that the Maid was to leave her Place intending for London, he said he would go and show her the nearest Way; but instead of that, he carried her into Hornsey Wood, threw her down, took the Ring off her Finger, and the other Goods mention'd in the Indictment, and used her very ill; then he ran away and left her. She went back to her Master's, and told what had befallen her. They search'd for him, and found him Drinking at Holloway. He alledg'd, that his putting his Thumb and Fingers into her Mouth and Nose was a Fiction; that the Ring was a Gift of his to her, and that having some Words by the Way, he demanded the Ring of her again, which she gave him, and threw the Bag with the half Guinea and 26 s. at him, and that she would not take the Things when he offered them to her again. I told him this was a trifling Excuse, which no body could believe. Most Part of the Time he was very Sick. He came always to Chapel when he was able, and was attentive to Prayers and Exhortations. He behaved well, having an Appearance of Penitence. He declar'd his Faith in Christ, that he repented of his Sins, and forgave all Men, as he expected Forgiveness from God.
10 He was 24 Years of Age, born in Ntonshire, 7 Miles from that Town, of honest Parents but mean, who gave him no Education, neither was he put to any Trade. His Father being an Husbandman or Labourer, bred him to Country-work. He serv'd several Persons in the Country, and having got a little Money, dealt in Cattle and Horses . He said, he had liv'd honestly most of his younger Years; but after he had been sometimes in Business, he began to steal Horses, and sometimes black Cattle or Sheep, and on in that Way a long Time, disposing of his stolen Goods in West-Smithfield, and sometimes at other Places in the Country. He had been great Offender, and had stole, a vast Number of Horses before he was discover'd; but at last us taken up for the two Horses in the Indictment one of which was found in a Stable at S
and sworn to by the Owner Mr. Smith; the brown-colour'd Gelding was found at Dawley Lodge, in the Possession of Josiah Alderson, who had him of the Prisoner, whom he took to be an honest Man, and a fair Dealer in Horses. He plainly confess'd his Crimes, and that he suffer'd most deservedly according to Law. He married a Wife last Michaelmas Day, whom, he said, he could not love, but she had fifty Pounds, 20 Guineas of which he squander'd away presently, and when he was taken up, he lost all the rest, having all his Horses and Cattle taken from him, neither did he know what was become of them; he complain'd that having writ to a Brother to take Care of all his Affairs, he had not yet return'd him any Answer, and he could hear neither from him nor his Wife, who, as he himself own'd, owed him no Service. A good Part of the Time he was very Sick, but always came to Chapel when able to walk, and behav'd well. He declar'd, that he hoped for Salvation by the Mercy of God thro' the Merits of Jesus Christ, repented of his most scandalous and sinful Life, and died in Peace with all the World.
11. Abraham Davenport, was indicted for privately stealing a Silver Mug, value 7 l. the Goods of Henry Udall, May the 27th, in his Dwelling-House, in the Parish of St. Dunstan's-in-the-West, received his Majesty's myst gracious Reprieve the Evening before the Day appointed for his Exe-cution.
11, 12. Elizabeth Osborn and Ann Clark, of St. Mary, Whitechapel, were indicted for stealing a Promissory Note, value 50 l. dated the 15th of November, 1736; one other Promissory Note, dated the 28th of March, 1737, for 100 l one other Promissory Note, dated the 25th of April, 1737, for 50 l. with Interest on Demand; one other Promissory Note, dated October the 5th, 1737, for 10 l. 1 s. 7 d. payable two Months after Date, and endors'd on the Back; the said respecttive Sums secured by the said Notes, being then due, Nov. 23.
They were a second Time indicted for breaking and entering the House of John Wilson, about 7 at Night, Nov. 23, and stealing a Gold Ring, value 10 s. a Gold Chain, value 5 l. a Pair of Silver Buckles, value 5 s a 36 Shilling Piece of Gold, 7 Guineas, 2 Quarter Guineas, and twenty seven Shillings in Money, the Property of the said Wilson.
11. Elizabeth Osborn, 20 Years of Age, born in Derbyshire, her Father a Farmer, gave her an Education becoming one of his Station; She liv'd mostly with her Father, and sometimes served in Families in the Country, with Reputation. About two or three Years ago she came to London, and married a Fellow who proved a very bad Husband, but he dying and leaving her a young Widow, she went to Service again, and was for some Time in the House of John Wilson, whom she robbed; while she lived with him, she got acquainted with Ann Clark; who had been in Bridewell and Newgate before upon such Accounts. Clark urged her to commit the Fact, and accordingly upon the 23d of November, about seven in the Evening, having provided themselves with Chissels and Tools for breaking open Doors or Drawers, they went to Mr. Wilson's House, broke open and plundered the same of the Notes, Goods and Money mentioned in the Indictment. When Osborn was taken, she begged for Pardon upon her Knees, and directed them to a Publick House in Bishopsgate street, where they found Ann Clark, and 6 or 7 Guineas in her Pocket; She likewise acknowledged the Fact, and as they were carrying her along the Street to meet with her Companion Osborn, the Watchman observed her to throw a small Bundle from her, and taking it up, found Notes then due to the value of near 300 l. all Wilson's Property.
She attended at Chapel till she grew sick, then I visited her in the Cell, and she professed deep Penitence. When I told her she put Clark upon committing the Robbery, she said they were both equally guilty, which was certainly true, for Clark had been an old Thief, and had before suffered Disgrace upon that Account. Osborn's Father, a poor Farmer in the Country, 80 or 90 Miles from hence, knowing nothing of what had past with Regard to his Daughter, came to Town to visit his Friends, and to carry her Home with him; but he had the Misfortune to find her in Newgate, and in a few Days after to see her tried, capitally convicted, and afterwards visited her in the Cells.
She said she was grived and sorry for what she had done, behaved penitently, and professed a Resolution of new Obedience, in case she had been sav'd; she believed in Christ, repented of her Sins, and forgave all Men.
12. Ann Clark, 27 Years born of honest Parents in Spittlefields, who gave her good Education; she was bred to some Branch of the Weaver 's Business, and was capable, to earn her Bread: Her Father, a Sea-faring Man, died, and left her young, and she married a Husband five Years ago, who is now dead: By her Industry she lived well, and wanted for nothing, which nade her the more inexcusable in taking to bad Courses: She pretended that she was not addicted to Thieving, but she owned the Robbery as sworn against her, alledging, that she was entic'd thereto by Elizabeth Osborn, who gave her Wine, and she being drunk consented to the committing the Robbery. She was not willing to confess any more, though it is very probable this was not the first Fact: She lamented and wept for the great Sin she had committed, and made a Vow and Resolution of new Obedience, if her Life had been spared. She behaved well both in Publick and Private, declared her Faith in Christ, that she sincerely repented of her scandalous and wicked Life, and heartily forgave all Men.
Thomas Car, of London, Gent and Elizabeth Adams, of London, Spinster , were indicted for assaulting William Quarrington, in the House of Mary Prevost, Widow , in the Parish of St. Dunstan's in the West, putting him in corporal Fear and Danger of his Life, and taking from him a Gold Ring set with five Diamonds, value 6 l. 93 Guineas, and eight Shillings in Silver, September the 10th.
13. Thomas Car, 40 Years of Age, of honest reputable Parents in London, who gave him a good Education; he was put out Clerk to an Attorney at Law , and served out his Clerkship, though 2 or 3 Times he fell out with his Master and left him, but his Friends made up the Difference: When he practised for himself, he had a tollerable Share of Business, and was respected by his Relations and Friends. He was chosen in Vestry-Clerk of St. Paul's, Covent-Garden, which he kept for some Years. He had Chambers in Elm-Court in the Temple, where he liv'd, till he had the Misfortune to be taken: He would not own that he was ever charged with any ill Conduct in his Way of Business: He was much inclined to drinking, and keeping Company with People of none of the best of Characters. While under Sentence he never came to Chapel above three or four Times, and that was after the Report was made to his Majesty in Council: I often advised him to attend the publick Worship of God, but he made trifling Excuses; and when I visited him, he was always either taken up with Company; or busy among a Heap of Papers. He was once employed as an Attorney in the Affairs of a Bankrupt, but the Money assigned for paying the Creditors was carried off, and they never got any Thing; they alledged that Car went off with 120 l. of which he never would give any Account. A Baker, who had lost considerably in that Affair, coming to visit him upon a Sunday, he sent up his Name, but Mr. Car returned Answer, that he did not desire to see the Man, and that he was taken up with Company.
Quarrington, besides his other oversights in this Affair, was guilty of the greatest Folly, first in exposing his Money above Stairs, to the Drawer and the common Woman, and afterwards in the Kitchen Mr. Carr upon his Trial made but a weak Defence, but Quarrington gave a distinct Account of the Fact without any Variation.
He was civil and courteous in his Deportment, but far from being duly affected with his deplorable Circumstances, and was not willing to own every Thing as sworn against him. He professed a sincere Faith in Christ, thro' whose Merits he hop'd for Salvation; he repented of all the many and great Sins of his Life, and forgave all Men, as he expected Forgiveness from God.
13. Elizabeth Adams, 26 Years of Age, born in Wiltshire, had good Education; she married young in the Country, to a Barber and Perriwigmaker, and they liv'd indifferently well, wanting for nothing; but she being too gay for a Country Barber, and longing to be at London, notwithstanding they had 2 or 3 Children, yet she made an Elopement, and leaving Father and Mother, Husband, and 2 Children, and all her Relations, (some of whom were People of Credit) she came to London, where she knew no Body, and turn'd a common Prostitute , not having any other Means to subsist by. Her Friends and Relations knew not what was become of her, but after a Year or two, the Husband coming to Town about some Business, buying Fruit at a Stand in his Way down Holborn, he heard a Voice speaking out aloud in a House, which he suspected to be like that of his Wife, and upon Enquiry, he found there was such a Woman Lodger in the House as he describ'd, and being directed to her Room, he open'd the Door, and found his Wife there big with Child; they reason'd the Matter together sharply, but not coming to any Agreement, the poor Husband thought her not worth his Trouble,
so left her and went Home. She was a common Woman, but did not use to walk the Street, but pretended to be a Mantua-maker. She hir'd a Floor consisting of 4 Rooms, at the Angel, to entertain Strangers in. As for the Robbery for which she died, she own'd that such a Robbery was committed, but was not willing to acknowledge all the Particulars as sworn against her. She always behav'd decently and submissively, in publick and private, complied with the publick Worship, and was very attentive to Exhortations. She sometimes wept bitterly over her Misfortunes, and lamented very much her great Wickedness, in leaving her Father, Husband, and poor young Children. She hop'd for Salvation by the Mercy of God, thro' the Merits of Jesus Christ our only Saviour, sincerely repented of her abandon'd and wicked Life; and died in Peace with all Men.
At the PLACE of EXECUTION.
ABOUT 10 o'Clock they were brought out of Newgate, and convey'd to Tyburn in four Carts, viz. Lane, Shaw and Gerrard in the first Cart, Watson, Hardisty and Brown, in the second, Clark, Osborn and Allen, in the third, Ratcliff and Whitehead in the fourth Cart. Mr. Car and Mrs. Adams went each of them in a Mourning Coach. He attended by the Reverend Mr. Wilson of St. Paul's Covent Garden; and she by another Clergyman. Mr. Car was dressed in a Black Suit, and she in White. When they came to the Place of Execution, they were all put into one Cart, but Mr. Car was some time before his Coach could come up, as soon as he enter'd the Cart, he immediately made his Obeisance to his Fellow Sufferers, and particularly addressed himself to Mrs. Adams; as soon as she saw him in the Cart, she burst out into Tears. Then he looking round upon the Spectators with great Calmness and Serenity of Mind; call'd out to a Gentleman at a little Distance from him in a Coach, to deliver him his Packet of Papers, which was accordingly deliver'd to him seal'd up.
He soon again deliver'd them into one Mr. Rawlinson's Hands, earnestly requesting they might be sent to Mr. Applebee and made Publick.
He then join'd in Prayer with the rest of his Fellow Sufferers, and behav'd throughout the Service in a very devout Manner.
Mr. Car and likewise Mrs. Adams spoke something to the Spectators relating to the Robbery for which they died, then he turning his Eyes upwards towards Heaven, submitted himself to God as the only Searcher of Hearts, and before whom (he said) he was to appear in 5 Minutes.
Just before the Cart drew away, Mr. Car and Mrs. Adams embraced each other, and held one another by the Hand, till after they were cast off.
All of them appear'd with great Seriousness and Devotion, and were very desirous of Prayers to God for their departing Souls, and had nothing material to add to their former Confessions. The other Criminals own'd their Crimes, and they all beg'd Mercy of God.
When I was about to sing a Psalm, Mr. Car desir'd to be allow'd to read out the Line, which he accordingly did, and they all sung very devoutly and fervently, and went off the Stage, crying to God to have Mercy upon their Souls, and that the Lord Jesus would receive their Spirits.
N. B. After the Report was made upon Tuesday the 17th Instant, his Majesty's most gracious Reprieve came to Abraham Davenport, who was appointed to die next Day with the rest. One Samuel Dent, who was lately tried for robbing Mr. Henry Webling a Cabinet-maker , of a pair of Silver Shoe Buckles and Knee Buckles, and about 12 s. in Money, by the Lock at Kingsland, and was acquitted; desir'd to ask Terry Gerrard, who own'd that he with some others, committed that Robbery, if he ( Samuel Dent) was concerned, or had any Hand in the said Robbery, Gerrard said, that he with his Associates had committed a vast Number of Robberies near that Place, but he did not remember, he said, that Dent was concern'd in the Robbery of Mr. Wibling.
This is all the Account given by me,
P. S. When Mr. Car and Mrs. Adams were cut down, their Bodies were deliver'd to their Friends, and were convey'd to their Hearses, which were there waiting for their Bodies, in order for their Interrment, Mr. Car's to Covent Garden, and Mrs. Adam's to St. Andrew's Holborn.
MR. Thomas Car, was descended from very honest Parents, such as had not only liv'd in Affluence and Reputation, but made some Figure in the World: His Father dwelt in the Parish of St. Paul's, Covent Garden, and his Mother is still living: He was well educated, and when fit for Business, put to one Mr. Walker, in Princes-street, near Covent-Garden, to a Scrivener , or Notary-Publick in the aforesaid Parish; this, and his Father's Interest therein, procured him the Place of Vestry Clerk , which he possessed for some Years, and might have lived very handsomely thereupon.
The first, and indeed the principal Cause of his Misfortunes, was a strong Inclination to a voluptuous Life; if he would have been contented with a moderate Subsistence, his Business would very well have afforded it, without his having Recourse to irregular Practices; but having taken it into his Head to live like a Man of Pleasure, he was forced to strike out of the ordinary Road of Business, to accomplish his End. His first Deviations from Honesty, were in the Business of the Parish; these were not found out immediately, and when they were discovered, Compassion for him, and Respect to his Relations, preserved him in that Employment, till his Conduct, which grew worse and worse, was at last so bad, that he was removed from his Office; whereupon he broke up House-Keeping, and took Chambers in the Temple.
During the Time he lived in Bridges-street, he used to manage Business at the Old Bailey, and was particularly concerned in an Appeal against one Cluff, who was executed thereupon (though he had been acquitted on a Trial at the Suit of the King) for the Murder of his Fellow Servant, at the Green-Lettice, in Holbourn. By Degrees he became acquainted with a certain Knot of People who were concerned in procuring Evidence on particular Causes, when, and wherever such Assistance was necessary; to which detestable Practice, if Mr. Baron Thompson, and other worthy Magistrates, had not opposed themselves, it must by this Time have swell'd to an enormous Height; as it was, Mr. Car had a great Share in the Success which for some Time that Practice met with, and though he took Care not to appear so publickly in it as others did, yet his Precaution did not prevent many Imputations on his Character, and so he was compell'd to keep mostly that Company, which as it brought him into the Path of, so it hurry'd him on to Destruction.
He was a Person in himself capable enough of Business, if he had sufficiently attended to it, but Horse-Races, Gaming-Houses, Play-Houses, and Tavern Kitchens, were Places in which he could make but small Improvement, except in low Wit and Buffoonry, to which he addicted himself till he became contemptible to all, who were not Objects of Contempt themselves. His Business by this Means came to lie chiefly in trifling with just Suits, negotiating with Bailiffs, to deceive those who employ'd them, and in finding Means to screen fraudulent Dealers behind the Letter of the Law.
In the last Year of his Life he became very intimate at the House where the base Scene happened which brought him to his dismal End; it had been long (to the Scandal of the Neighbourhood) infamous for such Practices, some Instances having before appeared at the Old-Bailey, so that nothing could excuse a Man's having any Thing to do there, who would not either pass for a Fool or a Knave. Mr. Car always insisted that his Business led him thither, and what Sort of Business his was, the Reader has heard; 'twas to defend Mrs. Prevost, who was then under Prosecution for
keeping that disorderly House. The Prosecutor, William Quarrington, did himself no great Credit, with Regard to his Character, by going thither (as he himself said) with a Woman of the Town; and he gave no Instance of his Prudence, in pulling out and exposing to View such a Sum of Money in a House where the People would permit him to converse with a common Woman.
Mr. Car, in his Defence, call'd Witnesses to prove, that he was in his Chambers in the Temple at the Time the Robbery was done, as also several Persons to his Reputation; he was however found Guilty; all the Circumstances the Prosecutor mentioned being supported by concurring Evidence. After he received Sentence, he asked some Favours from the Court, on Account of his bad State of Health, which were granted him, and he was treated with the utmost Indulgence during the many Weeks of his Imprisonment.
His Conduct in this Space of Time, was far from commendable. He saw a great deal of Company, entered with them into all Sorts of general Discourse, and appear'd to be less concern'd for himself than others were for him. He always owned his Belief that Mr. Quarrington was robbed of the Money, tho' he persisted in it, that he knew nothing of the Matter, but was gone long before, and would fain have had it pass for a Proof of the Truth of what he said, that he had acquainted the Prosecutor how to come at Adams. She had, it seems, instructed him with the Knowledge of the Place to which she retired, and so enabled him to bring her to share in his Punishment, as she had shar'd in his Crimes. He insisted likewise on his having never absconded, and seem'd only desirous to vindicate himself, tho' in all other Respects he allow'd that the Evidence of the Prosecutor might be true.
After the Dead Warrant came down, when most Criminals are wont to quit their false Hopes, and come to Reason, he retained his former Conduct, and tho' he shew'd some Apprehension of his approaching End, yet except taking Care for an Undertaker, he made little Preparation for it: He yet entertain'd Thoughts of receiving Mercy, insisting still on his Innocence, and desiring those to whom he spoke, to vindicate him after he should be dead.
It may without Breach of Charity be said, that his Want of Concern could not be deriv'd from Innocence, or from a rational Contempt of Death, because setting aside the Crime for which he died, it was notorious that he had done many wrong Things, which ought to have induced him to a serious and particular Repentance. While he was Vestry Clerk at Covent-Garden, he had been intrusted with a voluntary Collection of the Inhabitants in the Parish, which was intended for the annual putting out of poor Children, born in the Parish. This Money he embezzled, and became thereby not only Guilty of a Breach of Trust, but also of distroying the Charity; a Thing so base and dishonourable in its Nature, that it needs no Aggravation. Detaining Debts he was imploy'd to recover, and deceiving those whom he undertook to defend, were Methods he too often practised to supply his Extravagance, and therefore, as he had injured many, and was able to make Restitution to none, he had too just Cause to have been seriously concerned for his mispent Life, and to have taken his Sufferings patiently.
What has been said, is not intended to blacken his Memory, or to deprive him of the Pity which naturally arises in every Man's Mind, on those who fall Victims to Justice and the Law. The Design of these Accounts is to benefit the Living, the Dead can receive neither Good nor Hurt from them. It is to be hoped, that such as have only enter'd on the Paths which brought this unhappy Man to his Ruin, will see by his Example, what themselves must come to, if they do not bethink themselves in Time. Without question, the inordinate Love of Pleasure, the Contempt not only of Religion, but of Decency, the shameless Debauchery of Night-Houses, and the open Practice of Gaming, so notorious in this present Age, have a strong Tendency to mislead Men to their Ruin: And therefore, the Sacrifices made by the Law, ought to be well explain'd, as the best and almost the only Means to deter others from the like Practices. Reputation is quickly lost, hardly ever to be recovered; and when it is lost, People are apt to run Headlong into the most dangerous Practices, in order to procure Supplies for their Necessities and Pleasures, not apprehending how high a Price they may one Day pay for their past Follies and ill Conduct.
THO' I am an entire Stranger to your Person, yet being acquainted with your unhappy Circumstances by an intimate Acquaintance of yours, and by reading your Trial in the Sessions Book, I thought it not amiss, by a few Lines, to endeavour to assist you in your Preparation for that awful Doom; which by the just Laws of the Land have been sentenc'd to receive for the heinous Crime you have been guilty of. And in the first Place, I would earnestly beg of you to employ the few remaining Moments of your Life, as much as possible, in serious and close Reflection. Remember that Death in any Shape must needs be terrible to a Sinner, even tho' his Life has not been stain'd with notorious Crimes; in as much as it brings him before the Bar of God, where he must receive an irrevocable Sentence, according to the Demerit of his Iniquity, and must be happy or miserable even to all Eternity. But to go out of the World under the Guilt of Murder, and that attended with such shocking and terrible Aggravations, must needs render Death still more awful and tremendous, and the Account you must give to him the great Judge, must be a dreadful one. Murder is a Crime which God has solemnly declared his Displeasure against, and which, without sincere and hearty Repentance, he will punish with everlasting Damnation. Your great Business then is to see to it, that you truly and unfeignedly repent of this your heinous Sin. And that you may not be mistaken in a Matter of such great Importance, the following Things must be carefully attended to. That your Sorrow and Contrition for this Evil be greater, from the Consideration of its being an Offence against God, and contrary to his righteous Laws and just Government, than from the shameful Consequences and ignominious Death which it exposes you to. Revolve the Goodness of God, and the reasonableness and rectitude of his Laws in your Mind, till you find your Heart melted and broken with ingenuous Sorrow, and you are brought to the Confession of David, - against thee, thee only have I sinned, and done this Evil in thy Sight. And consider that the Sincerity of your Repentance is so important a Thing, that nothing less than the eternal Welfare of your Soul is concern'd. But to avoid Mistakes in so material a Point, - consider also, that your Repentance, however ingenuous and sincere, however deep and hearty it may be, will not be the procuring Cause of your Acceptance with God, who is of purer Eyes than to behold Iniquity. Your Acceptance with God is owing to the Merits of Christ alone; therefore in order to your Repentance being effectual, and to make it evidential of your Reconciliation with God, - you must believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and commit your Soul into his Hands, as the only Saviour and Redeemer of Sinners. You must look for and expect Salvation only by his Righteousness, for the Scriptures declare, that out of Christ - God is a consuming Fire. And whereas you can neither believe nor repent but as you are assisted by the Holy Spirit, so let me beg of you to spend much of your Time in sincere devout and earnest Prayer to God for the Assistance of his Spirit, that he would grant you Repentance unto Life, and Remission of your Sins; that your Repentance may be hearty and sincere never to be repented of; that he would assist you in this your difficult Work; that tho' your Crime be of the deepest Dye, yet beg Mercy of God, whose Mercies are infinite. The Scriptures say, that all manner of Sin and Wickedness shall be forgiven upon sincere Repentance, and that the Blood of Jesus Christ cleanseth from all Sin; therefore tho' your Crime is great, and justly calls for the bitterest and deepest Sorrow, yet let it not drive you to Despair, for there is Hope, that even you, - guilty as you are, may (thro' the infinite Mercy of God in Christ) be forgiven, on your sincere Repentance. The Thief on the Cross, and even some of the Murderers of our blessed Lord, found Favour at his merciful Hands, and if such Offenders, even as these found Grace in his Sight, there is Hope for you.
Let me exhort you to banish as much as may be, every Thing that may hinder your Preparation for Eternity. Remember that your everlasting Happiness depends on the due Improvement of the few Minutes you have to live, and if this Work is not effectually done now, you will be
eternally miserable. And O! who can bear to think of everlasting Torments without trembling? Who can dwell with everlasting Burnings? Who can inhabit eternal Flames? Let such Meditations as these be frequently in your Minds. O my Soul! The dreadful Hour approaches, when I must bid Adieu to the Vanities of Life, and by a shameful Death be arrested and hurried to the awful Bar of my righteous and just Judge, my Sovereign offended Creator, and this with the dreadful Guilt of Murder upon me. I destroy'd a poor helpless Infant, that was conceived in Lust, and I am now going to answer my Crimes before the Tribunal of impartial Justice, and I am sensible I deserve to be doom'd to endless Misery. But alas! Is there no Hope for me! Is there no Relief for my guilty Soul! If I look within, my Conscience accuses me, and pronounces me worthy of eternal Damnation; if I look up to God, I can expect nothing but Anger and Resentment - nothing but Judgment and fiery Indignation. O! whither then shall I fly, or where hide my self from Almighty Vengeance! Is there no City of Refuge for a Murderer - no Saviour for such guilty Souls! O! there is Jesus at the Right Hand of God, exalted thither for this End, to give Repentance and Remission of Sins, thither will I fly, in his Wounds will I seek to hide, and with the Blood that flow'd from them will I endeavour to cleanse my guilty Soul. O! Blessed Jesus - O! merciful Saviour! Look down with Compassion on a poor condemn'd Wretch, that despairs of Mercy, if she finds it not with thee. Thou didst - O! thou Saviour of lost Souls, in the Days of thy Flesh, while thou was hanging on the Cross, and in the Agonies of Death - thou didst pray for those that were thy Murderers, and had imbrued their Hands in thy sacred and precious Blood, and didst afterwards command thy Apostles to preach Forgiveness, first of all to those who had been thy Betrayers and Murderers. O then since thy Mercies are so great, let me a guilty Creature partake of them! O! may that Blood which flowed from thy Wounds, procure my Pardon, and purchase my Reconciliation with offended Justice! May thy Death expiate the Guilt I have contracted, that when I launch out of Time into dreadful Eternity, I may find my Judge to be my reconciled Friend, and instead of meeting with that dreadful Punishment, which my Crimes loudly call for, I may be received into thy Presence, with thy Favour, and be made a Partaker, with thy People of the Joys of Heaven.
And that it may be your happy Lot, is the hearty Desire and Prayer of,
Your Friend. -
P. S. I would not by any Means seem to intrude upon the Province of the Reverend Ordinary, whose Work it is to attend you, but compassionating your Circumstances, I thought proper to send this to your Hands, to assist you (in his Absence) in your Preparations for Death and Eternity, since that worthy Gentleman cannot be always with you. I hope neither you nor he, will take this amiss, and if this proves any Way serviceable to you - Give God the Glory, and pray for the Writer.
Oct. 28. 1737.
I Was born at Lambeth, and was 29 Years of Age the 29th of last Month; my Parents were honest People, and gave me all the Education they could afford; I thank God I can read and write, and wish I had made any use of either. My Father bound me Apprentice to one Mr. Gold, a Gardiner , at Vaux-Hall, by the Glass-House; I served him five Years, then I ran away, and from the Time of my leaving him, I date all my Misfortunes, for after I left him, I began with Things in my own Way, and robbed the Gardiner's Grounds and Hot-Beds of Asparagus, Cucumbers, Melons, and the like. The first Time I ever was in this Place ( Newgate) was for stealing Asparagus, and the Gardiner I had robbed brought a Man to me, that I had been drinking with in a Bawdy-house two Years before I was taken up; the Man had got drunk, and I took his Money out of his Pocket, in order to take Care of it for him, but happening to spend it, the Man knew me, and charged me with having robbed him; the Gardiner imagining I should be convicted of this Offence, never prefert'd a Bill against me for the Asparagus, but I was ac
quitted of the Charge for the Man's Money, and was again set at Liberty, but having contracted the Goal-Distemper during my Confinement, I got into St. Thomas's-Hospital as soon as I was enlarged, and continued there about five Weeks.
When I was recovered I went to Work, and lived with my Friends about five or six Weeks; then I less them, and resolved to break open a House at End; I knew the Man of the House had Money, and resolved to have it; his Wife I had been acquainted with a Year or two before, and she had often supply'd me with Money, in return of some Concerns I had with her, and had supported me in such a Manner with Money, that I neglected all my Business, and depended upon her; but wanting Money oftentimes when she could not supply me, I resolved to help myself to it, which I did accordingly, for I broke open the House, and stole 12 l. all in Silver, and a Bag of Half-pence. This was in August last.
I went with my Booty to Gravesend, and when I had spent the Money, I broke open a House at Stronde, and got about 7 Pound's worth of wet Linnen, and a Bottle of Brandy, about three Gallons. For this Fact I was taken up, and carried before the Mayor, but Samuel Merryfield and Jemmey Denley, being concerned with me in the Fact, I turned Evidence against them and they were both cast for Transportation at Maidstone Assizes. Denley's Friends came to see him, and advised him to impeach us, but I over-hearing them, got the Start of him, and impeached first, so I got my Liberty again; indeed I was the best qualified to give Evidence, for I was a Lodger in the House we robb'd, and I myself got up in the Night and let them in.
Being discharged I came up to London, and got into Company with James Harrison; we presently agreed to go down to Greenwich, where we broke open a Draper's Shop, and got 5 Pound's Worth of Linnen Check, and some Shirts; then we went to Fair, and from thence to where we broke open another Draper's Shop, and got Linnen and Stuff Damasks, to the value of 9 l the Goods we brought to London, d sold them to Mother Bolingbroke.
While I was in Town I frequented Phil Lacy's House in ; and on the 23 d of Oct. last, I got acquainted with Grafton Kirk and Gerrard: This was the Sunday before I was takes, they asked me to go out with them, I was almost drunk, so I consented, rnd went with them: I never was but three times out with them in my Life.
The first Time was this Sunday, when we went down towards Stepney, between five and six at Night, Grafton Kirk, Terry Gerrard, John Peirce, myself, and another Person; we loiter'd about Stepney Church-Yard , and stopped a Man and a Woman, from whom we took about four or five Shillings, and a Pair of Silver Sleeve Buttons; the Man said he valued his Buttons, and begged hard for them again, but I told him he should not have them, and that I was glad I had it in my Power to punish him (by keeping them) for not walking with more Money in his Pockets. The Woman told us it was very hard to rob them, for they had been at a Charity Sermon, and had given Money away there; I told them they should have kept there Money for us, and that it was more Charity to relieve us, than the Parson and Church-Wardens.
From Stepney Church-yard , we cross'd the Fields to Bow Road, where we met a little sturdy Ruffian, who would not stand at our Orders; but after some Contest, we overpower'd him, and got 12 s. from him. Then we all agreed to meet the next Day, and so parted for that Night.
The next Day we met accordingly, and toward Evening we set out towards Islington, but got nothing of any Signification; we therefore made towards Road, and stopp'd there a Coach and 2 Horsemen, whom we all attack'd; we got from the Coach 45 s. from one of the Horsemen we took a Guineas, and about 25 s. and from the other, a Moidore and a Guinea; some little Silver he had, but that we gave him again; then we separated a little, some of us kept the Road, and others took the Fields, keeping a little Distance from each other. 'Twas our Fortune to meet with Mr. South, from whom we took a silver hilted Sword gilt; a pair of silver Buckles, a silver Pocket-peice, and a Stick with a Pinchbeck Head. At the same Time Mr. Whittle was robb'd in the Road, on Horseback, by the rest of our Company, of a silver Watch (which is now in Pawn upon Tower-Hill) and a Guinea.
We likewise robb'd a Countryman that Night in Newington Road, of what little Money he had, and a young Man, a Surgeon; who told us when we attack'd him, that he had no Money, but I search'd him, and found in Gold and Silver, between 3 and 4 Pounds, and a pair of Stockings, which we took from him, because he told us Lies, and deny'd his Money. We robb'd 3 or 4 French Jews, the same Night, and one of them would not part with a Farthing of Money, 'till I shot off a Pistol over his Head - then he begg'd we would spare his Life, and told us he would give us his Money.
After we had committed these Robberies, we came to a Tavern in Bishop's-Gate-Street, and there we divided the Money we had got; and after the Reckoning was paid (tho' we had spent pretty freely) we found our Booty divided among us five, would amount to 2 Guineas a Man.
When we parted, Gerrard, Peirce, and one of our Company, went back to Stepney Fields, and committed 2 or 3 Robberies, among others, they robb'd Mr. Elliston, and another Gentleman of a Watch, his silver Buckles and some Money, of which Fact Gerrard was convicted.
During our Acquaintance, which was but short, we loss no Time, but went out every Night; and the next Evening, we went to see what we could do on the other Side of the Water. In Kennington-Lane, we robb'd Mr. Fairclough's Son-in-Law, and took from him a pair of silver Buckles; as for his Money - he had but 6 d. and that we gave him again. About a Quarter of an Hour after we had robb'd Mr. Fairclough's Son, a Serjeant followed us; I turn'd about and look'd him full in the Face; he ask'd me, what I wanted? I told him I wanted nothing with him; but he call'd to Mr. Fairclough's Son, and asked him whether we were the Men that had robb'd him. He told him we were, upon which, he immediately seiz'd me; Kirk seeing this, shot off his Pistol full in the Serjeant's Face; I disengaged my self from him, and fought with my Stick, till so many People came out of a Publick House, that I was forced to get away, and leave him. Twice in this Encounter, I set him at Liberty, and order'd him to pike, or run off; and once I thought he had been gone, while I was fighting with the People to favour his Escape; but when I was about to make off my self, I perceived him banging his Pistol about Mr. Serjeant's Head.
The next Day after Kirk was , he himself an Evidence against us, and Kirk's and George Holderness, came by to a Darkhouse, at Billingsgate, which I make my Retreat, to search for me. They me in the Lane as I was going House, and Harrison was with me at the same Time, but hid himself 6 Hours under a Sailcloth which on one Side the Lane, and was not found, while I was carry'd to the New-Goal in Southwark.
We very often, when we had got a good Booty, bestow'd a small Part of it in Charity, and often relieved poor People, but we generally told the how we came by the Money; charging the not to spoil our Sport, for then 'twould be out of out Power ever to give them any more.
As to the Evidence, James Harrison, when I first got acquainted with him, he was but just then come out of Newgate, almost naked, and swarm|ing with L but meeting with him at Phil. Lacy's, he begg'd of me to let him go out with me, and I consented, and took him with me, out of pure Charity, after I had well cloath'd him, for which he turn'd Evidence against me, very gratefully. I could have forgiven; if he had been taken, but he surrender'd himself voluntarily, and impeached me, when all the World could not have hurt me, had he held his Tongue. I don't know but he may live honest till he gets into another Company, for he’s a mee Drone at the Business; he can't get a Farthing himself, but mt have some body to get it for him.
When Kirk made his Information, his was to save Terry Gerrard, and to hang Harrison, Peirce, and my self, tho' we had assur'd him that we would allow him a Guinea a Week out of our Takings, during the Time of his Imprisonment.
When he was taken, we had all formed a Design to go on the Kentish Road, and afterwards to have broke open a Silversmith's Shop at Maidstone, and then to have made off to Holland. To that End I had prepar'd Tools, with which I could have broke into the strongest House in the World, and which were fit either for wrenching Locks, or cutting Iron, and which I knew very well how to make Use of; for while I was confin'd in
Goal, (as before mention'd) I acquainted some of the Prisoners with my Skill in this , and we agreed to attempt an Escape.
In order thereto, we broke thro' a strong Brick-Wall into an adjacent Cellar in the Night Time, from thence we endeavour'd to work our Way 2 or 3 Cart Loads of Earth, we in our Work by a fierce Dog, but a Secret by which I calm'd him, and we certainly got away had Dick Martin and Jack Richardson taken Care to have secur'd their Irons, but their Fetters rattling about their Heels, they were heard and taken, just as we had brought our Design to Perfection, and so we were all brought back and chain'd up in the High Hall.
As to my own Family, I have no Children, but a great many Wives, - too many for one Man; tis' they that have brought me here, tho' to say the Truth, I never supported any of them, on the contrary have had many Ponnds from them, but on their Accounts I neglected my Business so long, and to such a Degree, that no Body would employ me.
My natural Propensity to quarrelling and boxing has likewise been of no great Service to me; but I have been proud of saying, that I could beat most Men of my Inches in 2 Minutes. Will. Slade the Carman , I box'd and beat in less than 2 Minutes, and after I was taken and confin'd in the New Goal, I had my Irons knock'd off to fight the Champion of the Goal.
Before I have done, I must inform you that Kirk had a very curious silver chased Watch conceal'd about him when he was taken, and I am inform'd the Gentleman that lost it would be glad to have it again. The Owner of it may have it again for 5 Guineas, - 'tis in pawn at present for 4, and if he thinks fit to have his Watch again, this Notice will be a Hint to him who to apply to hear of it.
HE said, that about five or six Years ago, he and two more broke open a House in the City of Gloucester, they having been in the Shop several Times on frivolous Errands, on Purpose to find where the Money lay; which being acquainted with, they one Night broke the Brick-work under the Shop Window, and enter'd into the Shop, and took out of the Till about 5 or 6 l. but being discovered, and a Pistol fired, they made off without proceeding further in robbing the House. For this Burglary he and one of his Companions were taken, and he was persuaded to be an Evidence against him, which he refusing, his Companion was admitted, who accused two innocent Persons, whom were tried and acquitted, and his Companion being kept in Custody, at the next Assizes was found guilty of Felony only; for which he was ordered by the Court to be whipt, and then discharg'd.
About three or four Months after this, he and another stopt a Man on Horseback within ten Miles of the City of Oxford, who they had seen at an Inn, where they had been drinking, receive sixty Guineas; (in order to rob him of the above Sum) they set out some Time before him, and having come to a proper Place for that Purpose, stripped themselves to their Shirts by Way of Disguise, and waiting his coming, when he took hold of the Horse's Bridle, while his Companion demanded his Money; but the Man giving him only some Halfpence and a little Silver, he said to him, D - n you, you Rogue, what is it you mean by trifling with us Gentlemen of the Road? I will have your Bit (meaning his Purse) or I will your Brains out; and shewing him at the same Time a Brass barrell'd Pistol without a Lock, it so shock'd the poor Countryman, that he let him put his Hand into his Pocket, and take out the Purse with the Money in it; which done, he ordered him to ride on, or else he would shoot him through the Head. They afterwards went to the Place where they had left their Cloaths, and he sew'd the Money in the Waistband of his Breeches. They then went for Oxford, where the Person who had been robbed seeing him, got him apprehended, and being brought before Mayor of Oxford, the Man not being positive him, he was discharg'd.
After his Discharge at Oxford, he made the best of his Way for London, and travelling till Nights, when he came to a House near a Wood, and ask'd whether he could lodge there? The Woman of the House asked him what Countryman he was? He desired to know her Reason; she told him
she had been informed, that a Robbery had been lately committed by two Men within a few Miles of Oxford, one of whom she was inform'd was a Frenchman, and the other an Englishman. He then told her he was an Irishman; upon which she bid him ask in Irish for a Lodging; his Reply to her was, Hyke up to the Giggar, and undubb it, and wittle to the Cove of the Ken, and ask him for a Doss; (that is, Go up to the Door, and unlock it, and ask the Landlord for a Bed) on which she said, now English it, which he did, saying, Pray, Madam, can I have a Lodging here? She answered him, it was very good English, and Irish too, she believ'd. The next Morning he went from thence, and in two Days, travelling both Night and Day, reach'd London, where he followed picking of Pockets, and other trivial Robberies, and if he met with a Dossy-Cull (that is, a Man asleep) he bit him, (that is, robb'd him.)
He had not been long in Town, but going along one Evening, he pick'd up a Woman of the Town, who took him to her Lodgings, and after their being in Bed some Time, finding her asleep, he stript his Doxie and her Lodgings, and threw the Things out of the Window, and jumped after them, and carried them off.
Two or three Days after he had committed this Robbery, he and his Companion, with two Women of the Town, went down by Water to Greenwich in a Boat, with other Passengers in it, when perceiving a Gentleman to pull out a Silver Snuff-Box, they resolved to have it, and on the Gentleman's landing at Deptford, he got up with a Pretence of ballancing the Boat, and picked his Pocket of it, and sold it for 12 s. 6 d. at the best Hand.
After they had been at Greenwich they came back to Deptford, and took Lodgings at Red-Hart-Inn, where they stay'd two or three Days; but the Ladies thinking the Lodgings too mean (considering their Quality) they returned to Greenwich, where they took Lodgings in a Place call'd Back-Lane, to their Satisfaction, having agreed to pay 5 s. per Week for them. They had not been there above a Day or two before the People of the Neighbourhood came to desire their Custom, upon which he reply'd, Aye, with all his Heart, provided they would use them kindly, for what we have, we shall pay you very honestly; they said, they did not in the least question it, for you look like honest People, and we do not fear your Money; upon which we ordered them to send in a Kilderkin of Beer, six Bushels of Coals, and a Peck of Small-Coal, and several other Things, which was accordingly done (though never paid for.) They had not been many Days there, before a Butcher of the Town, knowing one of their Ladies, came to the House, and acquainted the Landlord what they were, and said he would have the Lodgings search'd, for though they went for Gentlefolks, he was sure they were Whores and Thieves; upon which they thought it proper to pack up their Implements, which were a Dark-Lanthorn, and other Instruments fit for their Purpose, (which if Opportunity had permitted, they intended to make use of) and went off the next Morning early, without taking Leave of their Landlord, or paying any Rent; and coming to London, not having any Money, thei Ladies were obliged to shift for themselves.
In a Night or two after they came from Greenwich, they went to Hyde-Park, where meeting a Gentleman, they bid him Stand, he holding up a Rule to the Gentleman, which touching his Face, it so surprized him, (thinking it was a Pistol) he turned his Head from it, and said, Gentleman, don't misuse me, and you shall have all I have; upon which his Companion trembling very much, took from him his Hat, and about 6 s. in Money; they then left him, and went into the Fields near Grosvenor-Square, and in or near Grosvenor-Street thoy stopped a Gentleman with the same Rule, (they having at that Time no other Weapon) who not being willing to be robb'd, beat them with his Cane, and crying out Murder! and Thieves! they ran away, having taken his Hat from him, he taking to the Fields again, and his Companion through the Square, walking soberly (with a Bag under his Arm, with the Person's Hat in it which they had just robb'd before) without being suspected by the Chairmen, whom he was obliged to pass by. In about an Hour after his Companion met him by Chance at a Chandler's-Shop in Shugg-Lane, where he was treating a Woman of the Town with a Dram, and from thence went to their Lodgings at the Greyhound-Inn in Drury-Lane.
about 11 o'Clock at Night, they met a Gentleman, belonging to the King's Kitchen, whom they stopt and robbed of a Silver Watch, Half a Crown, and a Silver Pocket Piece, which the Gentleman desiring them to return him, they refused. While they were rifling him he desir'd they would not use him ill; they told him they would not, and that it was meer Necessity that obliged them to rob him: He said, they sold the Pocket-Piece the next Day for 4 s 6 d in Rag-Fair.
The last Robbery that I committed, was upon Mr. Haines, in Company with three or four more, and for which I die.
John Lane, one of the unhappy Persons who suffer'd on Wednesday last, hoped no Body would be so unchristianly to reflect on his Parents, and likewise his Relations, whom are People of Credit and Reputation: Yet as his miserable and ignominious Death will reflect Shame on all who have any relation to him, so he conceives it his Duty, the last Duty indeed that he is capable of expressing to his Parents, to declare in the most solemn Manner, that not thro' their Fault or Omissions, but thro' his own unhappy Inclinations, and head-strong Passions; he having provok'd the heavy Vengeance of God, manifested in the just Judgment of the Law. Had he had Grace to improve the Care taken in his Education, and to have preserved those early Principles of Piety with which in his tender Youth was season'd, he had escap'd the bitterness of his unnatural Death. By his quitting the Path of Virtue and Honesty, has drawn such a Weight of Shame and Misery on himself; let it not be thrown back on his unhappy Parents, but as his Death has satisfied the Law, let it also satisfy the Tongues of Mankind, and prevent their adding to that Load of Sorrow, which without deserving it, those from whom he derives his Birth already bear. How little soever it is in his Power to benefit the Publick, yet with the last Moments of his Breath, he endeavour'd it, by earnestly exciting all young Persons who as yet have indulg'd themselves in unlawful Pleasures, to set his Example before them, and from the Terror of his Death to amend their Lives.
Mr. Car's Letter to his Mother.
" IN this distressed Condition in which " I now am, the Sense I have of my " ill Conduct towards you, gives me no " less Pain than the Thoughts of my approaching Death; the Violence and " Shame whereof, as I hope it will expiate my Offences in the Sight of God, " so I trust that this Declaration of my " Sorrow, will make some Attonement " for my Behaviour towards you.
" It is a Point of Justice due to my " Father's Tenderness and Yours, that I " should acknowledge the Pains taken in " my Education, and that it was entirely " my own Fault, that I fell into those " Paths which have brought me into this " miserable Condition. All I can now " do, is, to own your Goodness towards " me, to regret my despising the Counsels you gave me, and to ascribe my " Fall chiefly to my Folly in this Respect.
" Comfort your self under your Afflictions, with Remembrance of your " own Care to prevent them, and let not " my Misdeeds which have drawn so " heavy a Judgment on their Author, " affect you, who had no Concern in " them. The World is censorious and " unjust, but not to such a Degree, as " to reflect on a good Mother, for having had a bad Son; on the contrary, " all discreet People will compassionate " you, and contribute to make you easy and happy, which that you may be " here, and in the World to come, is " the last Wish of,
From my Chamber in the Press-Yard, Jan. 18. 1737.
Your Dying Son,
SHe was marry'd in Wiltshire to one Adams a Barber, by whom she has two Children now living, one about 12 Years of Age, and another about 13. This Man she married thro' the Persuasions of her Friends, tho' she knew she could never have any Regard for him, having settled her Affections on another young Man. She had been married but little more than two Years, before she left her Husband and two small Children, and came to London, where she had not been long, before she got acquainted with a Person who took Lodgings for her in Holbourn; but one Day, as she was calling out of her Window, to the People at an opposite Alehouse, to bring her a Pint of Beer, at that very Instant, her Husband Adams (being come to Town upon some Business) was buying some Fruit of a Woman, under her Window where she lodg'd, and he said to the Fruit Woman, I believe I know that Woman's Voice, by her Speech she should be a Wiltshire Woman. You may soon know that, said the Woman, by enquiring at the House where she lodges; accordingly her Husband went to the House, and asked if there was not a young Woman lodged there above Stairs, yes, says the Gentlewoman of the House, and you may speak with her if you please Sir; she lodges up one pair of Stairs. He went up and knock'd at her Door, upon her opening of it, to his great Astonishment, he found his Wife big with Child, and to her great Surprize, she saw her Husband. When they had recover'd themselves from their Surprize, she fell on her Knees, crying, and begging Forgiveness for her past Faults, and promising him at the same Time never to be guilty of any ill Thing for the Time to come, if he wou'd be so good to forgive her, and that she would make him the best of Wives Well, says he my Dear, you had no Reason to leave me; but if you will behave as an honest Woman ought to do to her Husband, and act a Mother's Part by your two Infants, who can no ways have offended you, I'll look over all your past Faults, and I will take care of the Child which I see you are big with, in the same Manner as if it was my own. In about a Week's Time he paid for her Lodgings, and took a House in Houndsditch, and furnished it, in order to settle in London, and designed
to send for his two Children; but he had not been three Weeks in the House, before he was informed that his Goods would be seized on for the Ground Rent; being something surprized at the News, he acquainted his Wife with it, and she advised him to take 2 or 3 Rooms unfurnished in the Neighbourhood, to put the Goods in, which accordingly he did, and desired her at the same Time to pack them up and send them there, he being oblig'd to set out the next Day for Wiltshire, to settle his Affairs there, and his Design being likewise to bring up his Children with him; but no sooner was he gone, than she sent for an Upholsterer, and sold all the Goods to him, and put the Money in her Pocket; then she took Lodgings in Drury-Lane, and never saw her Husband since, which is between nine and ten Years ago: Since she left her Husband, she had four Children by a certain Person not far from Wood-Street, and two by another, who are all dead. She acknowledged she had been very undutiful to her Mother, and likewise had wrong'd the best of Husbands. It was reported since her Condemnation that she kept a Coffee-House , but she said she never was Mistress of any Publick-House in her Life; and she hoped that her dear Father (who keeps an Inn in the Road to Bristol) her Husband and Children would not hear of her ignominious Death.
WHEREAS I James Riley, Watchmaker , next the Three Turns in Woods Close, Clrkenwell, have for ten Years been most grievously afflicted with a Virtigo and of the Head, with great Pain, at last it affected the Nerves to such a Degree, that it brought a paralitick Trembling and weakness of the whole Body, with twitching of the Arms and the Use of my Speech was much and in this Condition, I applied to as the most proper Places for Ad, and was there a considerable Time, and to no Purpose, at last I was deemed uncurable, and altho' a young Man, had given over over expecting a Cure, 'till hearing of the great Co performed by Dr. Henry, at the Two Dragons in Hatton-Garden, next Holbourn, who told me it was a Convulsion in the Head, with a Palsey of the extreme Parts, caused by Obstructions of the Brain, and Weakness of the Nerves: And he with his nervous Medicines, instantly cured me of my terrible Distemper, and I am now as well as ever I was in my Life of my Head, and likewise of the paralitick Tremblings, and weakness of my Nerves. This I thought would be a Service to the Publick, to make more fully known, to such whose Misfortunes is to be afflicted as I was, and where they may find a speedy and safe cure, and I am ready and willing to justify to any Person, the Truth of what is here inserted.
Note. The Doctor's Hours is every Forenoon till One o'Clock.
By Order of the Rt. Hon. the Lord-Mayor.
THE TRIALS AT LARGE of THOMAS CARR, late Attorney of the Middle-Temple, and ELIZABETH ADAMS, who were Executed on Wednesday the 17th Instant at TYBURN, for assaulting William Quarrington, putting him in corporal Fear, and robbing him of 93 Guineas, and 8 s. in Silver. Containing the full EVIDENCE on both Sides, which was faithfully taken in Short Hand from the Mouth of the WITNESSES, as it was deliver'd in Court.
Printed for J. ROBERTS in Warwick-L