THE ORDINARY of NEWGATE, His ACCOUNT of the Behaviour, Confessions, and Dying Words, OF THE MALEFACTORS, Who were EXECUTED at TYBURN, On WEDNESDAY the 23d of this Instant December, 1730.
Number I. For the said YEAR.
THE ORDINARY of NEWGATE, His ACCOUNT of the Behaviour, Confession, &c.
AT the King's Commission of Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol-Delivery of Newgate, held (before the Rt. Hon. HUMPHREY PARSONS, Esq; Lord Mayor of the City of London; the Hon. Mr. Justice Page; the Hon. Mr. Baron Commins; the Worshipful Mr. Serjeant Raby, and others of His Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol. Delivery for the City of London, and Gaol-Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City and County of Middlesex) at Justice-Hall in the Old-Bailey, on Friday, Saturday, Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday, being the 4th, 5th, 7th, 8th, and 9th of December, 1730, in the fourth Year of his Majesty's Reign.
Fifteen Men, viz. Abr. White, Francis Saunders, John Mines, alias Minsham, alias Mitchel, Robert Taylor, William Brabyn, James Hall, William Holland, Peter Norman, J. Smith, J. Barnet, Richard Smith, W. Whitford, Thomas Mansel, Charles Rey, and Joshua Cornwall; and two Women, viz. Constance Buckle, and Mary Smith, were by the Jury found Guilty of capital Offences, and receiv'd Sentence of Death.
The two Women, viz. Constance Buckle, convicted of a Street-Robbery, in Company with White, Saunders, Minsham, and Taylor; and Mary Smith, convicted for robbing a Man, by picking his Pocket of Five Shillings, in the Street near Leicester-fields, in the Night-time, pleaded their Bellies: Upon which a Jury of Matrons being sworn and impannell'd, brought them both in with quick Child; and then they were remanded back
to Prison, in order to be reserv'd for Transportation.
Many of them having been extravagantly wicked, obstinate and impudent young Fellows, I was oblig'd often to threaten them with Hell and Damnation, and to tell them, that they deserv'd no Favour of God nor Man, and that all the Miseries and Misfortunes they met with, were a Punishment too little for their Villainies; but they were foolish and inconsiderate, that it was very hard to gain upon them, or to do them any Good, so as to bring them to a Sense of Sin, and to consider upon the Evil of their Ways.
I expos'd Sin to them in its Nature and Consequences; how that it was a direct Breach of the Law of God, which is altogether Holy, Righteous and Good, that it was contrary to the divine Nature, which is perfect and happy in itself, whereas Sin implies nothing but Deformity, Absurdity, Inconsistency, and a Privation of Happiness, that it was Vile and Detestable in its Author the Devil, who was the first Sinner, and consequently the Father of Sin, and therefore it is, that our Blessed Saviour reproving the obstinate and wicked Jews, for their maliciously persecuting him, and for their Infidelity in not believing him to be the true Messias, says, Ye are of your Father the Devil, and the Lusts of your Father ye will do: He was a Murtherer from the Beginning, and abode not in the Truth, because there is no Truth in him, when he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own; for he is a Liar, and the Father of it. St. Jo. 8. 44. And St. John again says, For all that is in the World, the Lust of the Flesh, and the Lust of the Eye, and the Pride of Life, is not of the Father, but is of the World, 1 Jo. 2. 16.
And as Sin is thus evil, ugly, monstrous and deformed in its Nature, yet it is still more Pernicious in its fatal Consequences, and this the Apostle declares, For the Wages of Sin is Death: but the Gift of God is eternal Life through Jesus Christ our Lord, Rom. 6. 23. The Wages of Sin is Death Temporal, as occasioning the Separation of the Soul from the Body; Spiritual, in making us become Dead in Trespasses and Sins; and Eternal, in being seperated for ever from the Presence of the Lord, and the Glory of his Power, and in their being expos'd to the eternal Wrath, and Indignation, and Vengeance of the great God in Hell Fire. Sin was that which excluded our first Parents Adam and Eve from Paradise, a Place of Pleasure, and render'd
them and all their Posterity miserable. Sin is the Overthrow of Empires, the Destruction of flourishing Common-Wealths, the Ruin of private Families, and the Plague of particular Persons. And therefore the wise Solomon saith, Righteousness exalteth a Nation: but Sin is a Reproach to any People, Pro. 14. 34.
From those and such like Considerations, I let them see what they might in Justice expect, who had been so very atrocious Sinners. Upon the Wicked he shall rain Snares, Fire and Brimstone, and an horrible Tempest: this shall be the Portion of their Cup.
And as I thus shew'd them their Misery by Sin, so I declar'd to them the Remedy by Grace, which was to be obtain'd by a saving Faith in Christ, the only Saviour of Sinners. Neither is there Salvation in any other: For there is none other Name under Heaven given among Men, whereby we must be saved. Acts 4. 12. And then I advis'd them to repent sincerely of all their Sins, for except we repent, we shall all likewise perish. St. Luke 13. 3. To forgive all Injuries done them, as they expected Forgiveness from God; and to make Resolutions of new Obedience, with holy David to say, I have sworn, and will perform it, that I will keep thy righteous Judgments. Psal. 119. 106.
And since, they were to die, I exhorted them to partake of Christs Death in the blessed Sacrament, as he commanded us, to do this in remembrance of him, in Commemoration of his Death and Sufferings, which are the Meritorious Cause of our Shunning eternal Death, and obtaining everlasting Life.
While those and other Exortations were given; they attended in Chapel, and made regular Responces, but not with that Seriousness which became Men in their desperate Circumstances. Hall, White, and some others laugh'd too often in time of Divine Service, for which they were sharply reproved, as being incorregible, insensible Sinners. Taylor, Brabyn, Minsham, Holland, Norman, John Smith, Whitford, Manfel, Rey and Cornwall, behav'd decently and gravely, Barnet mostly kept his Cell because of Sickness, and always seem'd to be a very obdur'd Sinner.
Upon Thursday the 17th of December, Report was made to his Majesty in Council, of the said fifteen Malefactors under Sentence of Death in Newgate, when Thomas Mansel for stealing a Horse, val. 3 l. the Property of Ann Hartshorn, Widow, and Charles Rey, receiv'd his Majesty's most gracious Reprieve, the remaining Thirteen, viz. Abraham White, Francis Saunders, John Mines, alias Minsham, alias Mitchel, Robert Taylor, William Brabyn, James Hall, William Holland, Peter Norman, John Smith, John Barnet, Richard Smith, William Whitford, and Joshua Cornwall were ordered for Execution.
St. Botolph's Aldgate, (who was Executed on Monday, the 16th, of November last) for Burglariously breaking into the House of Nicholas Fenwick, Esq; and stealing diverse pieces of Plate, to the value of 85l. 19 s. Holland Shirts, value 20 l. and other Goods of the said Nicholas Fenwick, Esq; the 8th of September last. Joshua Cornwall, having been a Servant and Domestick of Mr. Fenwick's, and having only open'd the Door and let in Rivers and John Girst, (who was Evidence against both of them) and deliver'd to, or suffer'd them to take the Goods mention'd in the Indictment. The Jury doubting, if Cornwall, who was a Domestick Servant, did not go out of the House, but went to Bed the same Night after the Robbery was Committed, could be guilty of a Burglary in breaking open the House, as to him they brought in their Verdict in Special: Which Special Verdict has since been Argu'd by the Twelve Judges, and determin'd by them, that Cornwall was guilty of Burglary. Whereupon he was called to the Bar, and according receiv'd Sentence of Death with the Rest.
1. Joshua Cornwall, Twenty-Two Years of Age, born at Briggs in Lincolnshire, of honest Parents, who were willing and capable to give him good Education at School; but he was indulg'd by his Mother, took his Liberty, rode up and down the Country, was idle and unwilling to apply himself either to his Books, or any kind of Business. After his Mothers Death, his Father not inclining to allow him his former wilfull Liberties: He was bound Apprentice to a Baker in Hull, but his Master having been an intimate Acquaintance of his Father's Family, took no strict care of him, but suffer'd him to ride and Travel up and down the Country, and to go and come as he pleas'd. Having thus contracted a Habit of Idleness and Laziness, he become of such an inconstant and vagrant Disposition, that he could not apply himself to any settl'd way of Life, but left his Master, and went into the Country, and idl'd away his Time among his Friends and Acquaintances, as he had a mind. When he was wearied of the Country, he came to Town, about eight Years ago, and (as he said) serv'd several Gentlemen in station of a Footman , Honestly and with Approbation, and if he had been for stealing, might have often taken many Thousands, but never put forth his Hand to wrong any Body, till the fatal Hour of Temptation, when by Persuation of the Evidence and Rivers, while in Mr. Fenwick's Service, he Conspir'd with them to Rob his Master, which accordingly they did on the eight of September last, by his opening the back Door and letting them in, and then suffering them to take away the Goods mention'd in the Indictment, with many others not spoken off, for he said he did not hand out the things (as Girst swore) but only show'd them where they were, and then Rivers bundl'd them up, and they carried them off to his Lodgings, in Vinegar-yard Drury lane: He said, he
was not given to Drinking, for he had not been Drunk above three times in his Life, and that he had not much to do with lewd Women. He blam'd Rivers very much for giving him wicked Counsel, and said he was a shabby, naked Fellow, till he got the Gentleman's Money and Cloaths, and that being poor, he stole and pilfer'd wherever he went, or had the least Opportunity. He behav'd under Sentence decently and devoutly, and affirm'd, that he never was Robber nor Thief, excepting this Instance for which he died, and that he had not been wicked to such a Pitch, as those abandon'd Miscreants use to be. He profest a deep Repentance and Wept often. He declared, that he hop'd to be saved by God's Mercy through Christ, that he sincerely repented of all his Sins, and died in Peace with all Mankind.
Richard Smith, of St. James's-Clerkenwell, was Indicted for Assaulting Thomas Dickingson, in a certain Field, or open Place, near the Highway, putting him in Fear, and taking from him a Hat, a Peruke, a pair of Scissars and Sheath, the 15th of November last.
2. Richard Smith, Twenty-Eight Years of Age, of honest Parents, who gave him good Education at School, in Reading and Writing, and got him instructed in Principles of Christianity; and when of Age, they put him out Apprentice to a Lock-Smith and Iron-Door-maker at Mile-End, with whom he serv'd out his Time honestly, and afterwards (as he said) he set up in Partnership in Newgate-Street; but it seems, he was of a roving Temper, could not be confin'd, neglected his Business, follow'd after bad Company and all manner of Vice and wicked Consorts; and having married a Wife, he prov'd the worst of Husbands, and the most unnatural and barbarous Parent, deserting both his Wife and two or three young Children: Then he having wholly given himself upto a Loose, disorderly way, and having nothing to do in London, he resolv'd, by the direction of his giddy Head, to leave the Kingdom, and go to France, which Resolution he accomplish'd; and while he was there, having had no Religion before, he learn'd a new one, to be a Roman Catholick; he said, he had taken the Sacrament both from the Church of England, and R-, but that he inclin'd most to the last, which was of his own chusing. He own'd that he had been a most dissolute Fellow, in Picking, Stealing, Drinking, Cursing and Blaspheming, and almost in all kind of Sins. He was provided with Pistols and other Accoutrements for Robbing and Thieving. As to the Robbery he was convicted off, he said, that in the Evening, the 15th of November last, as they were coming along at the back of the Town, Joseph Eves, and John Etty, attack'd the Prosecutor, Beat him and took the Things mention'd in the Indictment, but that he had no hand in it, this having been done without his knowledge, as he was walking behind them; and that
he never committed but one other Robbery; but had been guilty of innumerable Villainies at other Times, and intended to live by the Highway, but was miserably disappointed in a very short Time. He was very Poor Wept and complain'd, that scarce any Body came to see him. Sunday the 20th Instant, two Days before he Died, he gave a Paper desiring it to be read to the People after Sermon, importing, that the Evidence Wills, was injurious to his Partners Eves and Etty in some Things; and that his Wife was an honest Woman, and knew not of his base and unaccountable Practices, wherefore he desir'd the World might not have ill thoughts of her. He confess'd, that he was one of the Wickedest of Men in all kind of Debaucheries. He kept Chapel and was Grave, but spoke too often to those whom he knew. On Monday the 14th Instant, he beat a Young Man furiously with a Stick he had got in his Hand, as I was going into the Chapel. I reproved him sharply, he complain'd that he was provok'd by being first beat and made his excuse the best way he could. He was a little, bold, daring Fellow. He hop'd to be sav'd through Christ, and died in Peace with all the World.
William Holland and Peter Norman, of St. George in the East, were indicted for assaulting Samuel Addison, on the Highway, putting him in Fear, and taking from him a Handkerchief, value 1 s. and 10 d. in Money, the 17th of October last.
William Holland, a second Time (with one who was acquitted) and John Smith, of St. Dunstan's Stepney, were indicted for assaulting Richard Griffith, on the Highway, and taking from him a Silver Watch, a Cornelian Seal set in Gold, and two Guineas, the Property of the said Richard Griffith, and a pair of Spectacles and Case of Johanna Griffith, the 3d of October last.
William Holland (a third Time) and John Barnet, of St. Mary's White Chappel, were indicted for assaulting James Ivory, in a Field, or open Place near the Highway, putting him in Fear, and taking from him a Bag value 1 d. and Iron Tobacco Box, and 17 s. in Money, the 15th of October last.
3. William Holland, 26 Years of Age, of poor Parents in Lancashire, near Preston, had no Education at School, but follow'd Country-work, and (as he said) liv'd honestly at home. Some Years ago he came to London, listed in the first Regiment of Guards , married a Wise and serv'd a Glass-grinder honestly four Years; but coming acquainted with Griffiths and Armstrong, who were lately convicted of House-breaking upon his Evidence, the first reprieved and transported, and the latter executed; they advis'd him to turn Thief, Robber, and House-breaker, which wicked Council he too readily comply'd with about three Quarters of a Year ago; Armstrong having gone to Death denying the Fact. I ask'd Holland if he had sworn falsely against Armstrong, as he and Griffiths, whose Life was sav'd, affirmed? He declar'd as a dying Man, that all was true.
No Man can well know how to judge upon the Sayings of such Men as these. He was very poor and naked, and wept when he spoke of the Misery of himself, his Wife and Children. When his Master heard of his bad Character, he would employ him no more, and upon this he gave himself wholly to thieving and robbing. Having got a Pardon after he had been an Evidence, his Captain took him into the Regiment again, and gave him new Cloathing, but he could not be confin'd to an honest way of Living, but turn'd more wicked than ever. He profess'd Penitence, behav'd well in Chappel, was Ignorant, though he seem'd willing and desirous to be instructed. He gave a very bad Character of Griffiths and Armstrong, and and said, they were the Cause of his utter Ruin. He was a most profligate, abandon'd and irreclaimable Wretch. He own'd only one Robbery besides those he died for, and said, the Evidence ow'd him Ill-will, yet could not deny his being concern'd in the Robberies sworn against him. He hop'd to be sav'd by the Mercy of God in Christ, repented of his Sins, and forgave all Injuries done him.
4. Peter Norman, 25 Years of Age, of honest Parents, who educated him at School in reading, writing, and Accompts to fit him for Business, and instructed him in religious Principles. When of Age he was put Apprentice to a Cabbinet-maker and Joyner , in Barbican, and serv'd out his Time honestly. Since he was at his Freedom, he did not incline to work, but apply'd himself to Drinking, Gaming, Whoring, Thieving, Robbing, and all Manner of Wickedness and bad Company, who hurry'd him head long to Destruction. He got himself provided with Pistols and proper Weapons for his desperate Purposes. He behav'd well in Chappel, and was offended at the Miscarriage of some of the rest. He had some Hopes of a Reprieve, from which I dissuaded him. He own'd himself among the Chief of Sinners, that his Sentence was just, and that he was concern'd in the Robbery for which he died. He profess'd a deep Penitence, believ'd in Christ, and freely forgave all Injuries.
5. John Smith, 26 Years of Age, was educated at School for Business, and instructed in Principles of Religion. When of Age he follow'd the Business of a Wax-Chandler , with Care and Diligence, but when he had nothing to do, falling into bad Company, through Temptation of the Devil, they led him to the Highway, where (as he said) he never robb'd any but in this single Instance for which he died. He said, that he had always liv'd Soberly, was seldom Drunk, that he did not Swear, nor Whore much, but own'd, that being forsaken of God, he design'd to follow nothing else but the Highway. He always behav'd Modestly and Christianly, declar'd himself very Penitent, and died in Peace with all the World.
6. John Barnet, 27 Years of Age, his Parents liv'd in Whitechappel, and would have given him good Education, having been in pretty good Circumstances, but he was from his Cradle of the most wicked, dogged, perverse Disposition in the World, would not go to School, nor do any Thing that was Virtuous and Good, in Obedience to his Parents or Relations, but went about the Streets and acted the Blackguard, when there was not any Occasion to do so from his very Infancy. He went two or three Times short Trips to Sea, to keep him from Prison and the Gallows for a While, and those were the only Seasons of his Life, wherein he pretended to do any thing that was seemingly good, for he came home with full Resolutions of following his old Trade of Life, and delighted only in the Company of Whores, Thieves, Drunkards, and the other Scum and refuse of Mankind. I have not seen a more insensible and stupid Fellow, with Respect to any thing that favour'd of Religion or Goodness. Having heard that his Father was a Man of Substance, and able to leave him 700 l. as I visited him in the Cell the Monday before he died, when he was not able to move, because of a Swelling in his Feet and Legs with his Irons and Cold, after I had pray'd for and exhorted him, I ask'd him, if his Father would have left him Seven Hundred Pound which he would not take? He said, he would have taken all, but by Force and Stealth, but that they would not let him do, and therefore, when his Father desir'd him to come up Stairs, that he might leave him the chief Part of his Heritage, he curs'd and d-d, and bid him leave it to his Brother, or whom he pleas'd, and would not go near his Father; who dying very soon after, he was cut off with a Shilling. As for Confessions, he said, He had done enough that Way, for confess or not confess, they would hang him on Wednesday, and Sensible or Insensible of his Sin, they would make him Sensible by the Punishment. He was a poor obdur'd and most obstinate Sinner; and as he was a most wicked, flagitious Fellow, so he spoke more like one Crazy than in his right Senses. He did not own that he had been Prisoner in Newgate before, but said, he took Pleasure to visit and chat with his Friends and Acquaintances there, and upon that Account, that he often came both to the Chappel and Common Side to meet with them. He carry'd with something of Civility both in the Cell and at Chappel, but was of such a rugged, snarling, discontented Temper, that he would take no Advice, and it was next to an Impossibility to reclaim or make him much better. He cried to God, and hop'd that he would have Mercy upon him.
N. B. John Smith, Monday Evening before he died, desir'd me to give Account, that his Wife was an honest Woman, and that she knew nothing of his committing the Robbery he was convicted of, nor his other Villainies, particularly, his Whoring and keeping bad Company, which ruin'd him; for being reduc'd and out of Business, and falling in Company with H-ll the Evidence, he advis'd him to go out
upon the Highway the Night they robb'd Capt. Griffith, which was the first and last ever he committed. He hop'd the World would not reflect upon his Wife, for his Wickedness, of which she was altogether Innocent. Holland denied his being any way concern'd in the robbing Capt. Griffith, and Smith desir'd to let the World know, that Holland knew nothing of the said Robbery, and that the Evidence was unjust to him in that Respect, and that he (the said John Smith) never saw William Holland, till they met together in New-Prison.
Peter Norman also said, that since he was out of his Time, he mostly travell'd the Kingdom with his Father, who is a Chapman , and did Business for him, and sometimes he follow'd his Trade a little, and that he spent the rest of his Time in all manner of Wickedness and Debauchery. He deny'd that he was guilty of the Robbery he was convicted of, as it was sworn against him, but own'd that he was only guilty of one other Highway Robbery, and that he was fully resolv'd to follow that way of Business.
James Hall, of St. Andrews, Holbourn, was indicted, for that he, together with one William Sherlock, not taken, did, on the 1st of November, assault James Ramsay on the Highway, put him in fear, and took from him a Hat, value 5 s. a Wig, value 10 s. and 1 s. in Money.
7. James Hall, near 20 Years of Age, his Father was a Master Bricklayer, in Drury-Lane, of good Business, but not being a good Manager and having run out, about sixteen Years ago, he sold himself to Jamaica, where he now lives in good Repute at Port Royal; so the Father being absent, his Mother gave him Education at School, and put him to a Silver-Smith , in the Neighbourhood of the City, whom he serv'd till about two Years ago, wearied of Confinement, he went off. His Master finding him a naughty Boy was indifferent about taking him again, a Kinsman employ'd him as a Labourer about Houses when it pleas'd him to work. His Father who (as he said) is turn'd rich, writ often for him, but he loved the Air of London too well, and the rest of his Family, but none of them went. He went to some of the Houses about the Back of Holbourn, frequented by his Fraternity, where he was totally ruin'd. He liv'd unmarried with a young Woman for a Year and a half past, who advis'd him against unlawful Courses, and promis'd to give him the Half of what she could gain by working at her Needle, but that Advice he would not take. He confess'd his knocking down of James Ramsay in Holbourn, by Dean-Street, and his robbing of him, as in the Indictment, for that a Man who knew him was looking out at a Window and saw him do it, so that he could not deny it. But another Robbery by the Coal-yard, alledg'd against him, he knew nothing of. He committed six Street-robberies, and got not above 10 s. by them all, and that small Sum cost him no less than his Life, a poor Purchase.
His Companions are all since fled. On Monday Morning, the 14th of December, in Time of Divine Service he laugh'd and provok'd some of his Associates to do so. He was an abandon'd, wicked, light-headed Wretch, and good for nothing. I reprov'd him sharply, and told them they deserved no Favour of God nor Man for such irreverent Carriage, they afterwards behav'd better. He profest his Faith in Christ, Repentance for his Sins, and freely forgave all Injuries done him.
William Brabent and James Hall (for a second time) of St. Giles's in the Fields, were Indicted for assaulting Richard Taylor on the Highway, putting him in Fear, and taking from him a Hat, value 5 s. and 15 s. 6 d. in Money the 29th of October last.
8. William Brabent, near 20 Years of Age, of honest but mean Parents, who Educated him at a Charity-School, and put him to a Shoemaker ; he did not follow his Trade much after he left his Master, but got acquainted with a Gang of Thieves, who persuaded him to go with them and steal Lead off of Noblemen and Gentlemens Houses, and to break open empty Houses for the same End, and carry off what they could get, ost of the Time he behaved with Decency and Gravity, and profest himself a deep Penitent. His Uncle and Cousin in Black Friars sent some Letters giving him Godly, Christian Advices; the original Letters from him to them with their Answers were given to me by his Cousin. He married a young Woman in January last about Sixteen Years of Age, whose Brother is a Thief, took him out and learn'd him to Steal, and now lies in Newgate for Transportation. He kept Geneva-Shops , drunk much Gin, and there he met with his unlucky Companions. Monday Evening before he Died, because one of the Runners bid or oblig'd him to go to his Seat, when he was speaking to his Mother and some Acquaintance in time of Prayers, he flew out into a violent Passion, threw down his Hat with Fury, Swore and D-d both in Chapel and as he was going down Stairs immediately after. In May last he was in Newgate for stealing Lead, but was let out for want of Evidence. He denied his knowing any thing of the Robbery for which he died, and declar'd, that he never Robb'd on the Highway, but that a long Time he had practised the stealing of Lead, and any small Things his Fingers could lay hold on. He acknowledg'd, that he was a very great Sinner, that God, had in Justice afflicted him, profest his Faith in Christ, Repentance for his Sins, and that he died in Peace with all Mankind.
Abraham White, Francis Saunders, John Mines, alias Minsham, alias Mitchel, of St. Giles's in the Fields, were Indicted for assaulting John Ross on the Highway, putting him in Fear, and taking from him a Hat, value 5 s. and Four pence Half-penny, the 3d of November last.
9. Abraham White, 18 Years of Age, was a perverse, wicked, obstinate Child, and would not go to School to learn any thing. His Father taught him his own Business of a Bricklayer , and he needed not have wanted any thing, but he was wholly given to Wickedness, and followed bad Company, Thieving, Lew'd Women, Drinking, &c. He own'd, that he assaulted, or at least was Present and Assisting in the Robbery committed on John Ross, in Bloomsbury Square, of which he was Convicted, and that he had been a most flagitious profligate young Fellow, Disobedient to his Parents, a Sabbath-breaker, a Swearer and Blasphemer, a Drunkard, a Whore-master, a notorious Thief and a Robber, an ignorant, obstinate, inconsiderate Fellow, and one who was negligent of all Duties to God and Man. He blam'd Hall for his Laughing in Chapel, and call'd him one of the worst of Men. He declar'd, that he believ'd in Christ as the Son of God, and Saviour of the World, repented of his abominable Life, and was in Peace with all Mankind.
10. Francis Saunders, near Eighteen years Old, educated at School to read and write, and cast Accompts fit for Business; and when of Age, was put to a Stay-maker , at which Employment he made good Proficiency, and might have come to Credit, if he had kept close to it; but bad Company was his Ruin, particularly, that of White, Minsham, and Jones the Evidence, and some others who enticed him to Drinking, and to accompany them to the Highway. He acknowledg'd himself guilty of Robbing John Ross in Bloomsbury, and Richard Smith in St. Giles's, but said, he never committed any more Highway Robberies; altho' he had done a great many other vile Actions, such as Drinking to Excess, idling away his Time, Whoring, keeping the worst of Company, &c. He said, his Brother, and some Relations, would have recommended him in his way of Business as a Staymaker, whereby he might have very handsomly got his Bread; but being of a roving Disposition, he made off from them, and follow'd after his disgraceful Companions; and having forsaken God, God forsook him, left him to himself, and then he speedily fell into Destruction. He blam'd Hall, for his Misbehaving in Chappel, and said, that he Curs'd and Swore, and discover'd very much of his wicked Disposition in the Cells. He seem'd more Penitent and careful than many of the Rest. He entertain'd some hopes of a Reprieve, but I dissuaded him from that. He own'd himself among the chief of Sinners, begg'd God and Man Pardon for his Offences, died Penitent and in Peace with all the World.
11. John Mines, alias Minsham, alias Mitchel, his true Name was Minsham, 16 Years of Age, his Father an Ostler on the other Side of the Water, would have given him Education at School, but he being of a peevish mean Temper was not willing to be instructed, and neglected every Thing that was Good. When of Age he was not put to any Trade, but kept the Streets, and fell acquainted with the Coachmen, who Learn'd him to Drive a Hackney-Coach , when he could get any Employment that Way; he said, he never thiev'd, nor robb'd any, excepting that he was present when they robb'd John Ross in Bloomsbury-Square, but that he acted nothing in the Affair, although Jones Swore, that he held the Pistol to the Man's Breast, till Saunders rifled him, took his Hat, 4 d, half-penny, and a Pound of Bacon out of his Pocket. He blam'd White and Saunders, as wicked Fellows, and the Cause of his Ruin, by their bad Counsel; and they said, he was no better, if not worse than themselves; so it is hard to Judge whom we can Believe of that wicked Generation of People; for seldom one of them has a good Word to Say of another. He said, he might have liv'd by his Business, of a Coachman, but was a poor, simple, viciously-inclined, misled Creature, and (if we may believe him) hurried head-long to his Ruin, by the vilest Miscreants, like a Fool to the Correction of the Stocks. He was grosly Ignorant, I did what I could to Instruct him and some others, but the Time was Short, and they were Dull of Hearing; he said, he knew not of their Design to Rob, when they went out, but it's to be fear'd, that he was too ready to comply. He hop'd for Salvation through Christ, repented of his Sins, own'd the Justice of his Sentence by Law, and Died in Peace with all Mankind.
12. Robert Taylor, about 18 Years of Age, his Father a Soldier and Shoe-maker, had him educated at a Free-School in reading, writing, &c. and instructed in the Christian Faith; and when of Age, he bred him to his own Trade of a Shoe-maker , in which he turn'd very expert, and might have lived by his Trade, if he had continued Honest, and kept himself in good Company: But bad Company never fails to undo all these miserable Creatures, and it is what they run violently upon, and will by no Means be restrained from. He fell into the Acquaintance of Constance Buckle, a vile, notorious Street walker, Indicted and Convicted for the same Robbery with himself, and with her he entertained familiarity for sometime, who had neither good Advice to give him, nor a good Place to take him to, their Place of Meeting being in the little Gin-Shops, where the worst of Company commonly Resort. The Account he gave of the Robbery for which he Died, was to this Purpose. Coming home to his Father's, the 2d of November last, his Father gave him a little Job to do, for which he gave him Six-Pence; as he was going home, he met
with Jones the Evidence, who invited him to a Brandy Shop, where he met with Saunders, and the Woman; and having Drunk liberally, as they went home, some of them beat off the Man's Hat, meeting him opposite to St. Giles's Church, Buckle took it up, run away with it, and Sold it next Morning. Taylor was so Drunk, that he knew not if he had any Hand in the Robbery, or not, and desired me to ask Saunders, who said, that he and Taylor, struck or knock'd down the Man, and that the Woman run away with his Hat. But they were so intoxicated, that neither of them knew well what he was doing. Both of them reflected on Richard Jones, as the greatest Rogue of all, and an old Thief. Taylor said, he knew nothing of Jones, but that he was a Neighbour's Son, and believed he was honest, and that when they went out, he knew nothing of their Intention of Robbing in the Street. He behaved always well in Chappel, made regular Responses, and appear'd to be Serious, but was sometimes guilty of talking and pratling to his Friends who visited him, which too many of them are apt to do, upon Pretence, that they have Scarce any other Time allowed them to Speak with their Relations or Friends, he declar'd, that he was Honest in the preceeding Part of his Life, and never thiev'd or robb'd, saving the Fact for which he Died. He often Wept, was Penitent, Believ'd to be Sav'd by the Mercy of God, through Christ, and forgave all Injuries, as he expected forgiveness from God.
N. B. All the preceeding Robbers were but new Beginners, most of them having Committed but one or two Facts, and not having followed that irregular Course of Life, above a Month or Two at most, as they said, excepting Barnet, Holland, and Richard Smith, who were old, obdurate Sinners.
13. William Whitford, as he said, 26 Years of Age, of honest Parents in Worcestershire, who educated him at School in reading, writing, and cyphering, to fit him for Business, and instructed him in the Principles of our holy Faith. When of Age, he was put to no Trade, but wrought in the Country, and lived upon his own Industry, since he was nine Years of Age. Afterwards he came to London with his Parents, and serv'd for some considerable Time in two or three topping Ale-houses. Having got some Credit, he took up an Ale-house , in a little new House, near Bunhil-Fields Burying-Place, where he lived till he was taken up for the Robbery he died for. He said that he always liv'd, a sober virtuous Life, and because his own Parish-Church at Cripplegate, was at a great distance, he commonly kept Hoxton-Chappel, as did his Wife, whom he left Big with Child. He had taken the Sacrament several Times.
He affirmed, that he never thiev'd nor robb'd, but lived always honestly, and pay'd every Body their own. I exhorted him to an ingenuous Confession, as a Duty incumbent on him, towards God in the First Place; so in the Second Place; that he was bound to confess his Sins to Man, whom he had injur'd by robbing them of their Goods, and attacking them in a violent Manner: And I desired him to consider, that it was not Man, but God he had to deal with, and that God being the God of Truth, and the Searcher of Hearts, he could not be mocked, by entering upon Eternity, and appearing before his Maker, with a Lie in his Right Hand; and what a terrible Thing is it to fall into the Hands of a Sin revenging God? Notwithstanding the Woman who was Robb'd, pursu'd him straight to his House, knew him when ever she saw him, swore to his Face, discover'd him among more than 30 other Men, and before she saw him, she describ'd him so justly, that the Constable knew him to be the Man, and this with much more confirm'd by Circumstantial Evidence, which amounted to a pretty clear Proof: After all I could say, he still continued in a peremptory Denial of the Fact, and said he never wrong'd Man, Woman nor Child of a Farthing in his Life. And this, the Sunday before he died, and at other Times, he affirm'd with Asseverations and Imprecations, before great Numbers of People in Chapel. He appear'd somewhat Penitent, Wept, and was like to faint away in Chappel, after the Dead Warrant came out, and he saw there was no expectation of a Reprieve; but neither he, nor the rest seem'd to be in that serious frame of Devotion, which was requisite for Men in their deplorable Conditions. He behav'd Gravely and Civilly in Chapel, and made regular Responses, but he spoke too often and too much to his Wife, and some other Friends, who came to Visit him. He cried out mightily against some Gentlemen and Others, whom he blam'd for his sad Fate. Some Body put him in expectation of a Reprieve, the Monday before Execution, upon the same Terms (as it was reported) Charles Rey got one; the thoughts of this made him a little more remiss his Duty. He declar'd his Faith in Christ, a sincere Repentance for all his Sins, and that he freely forgave all the World.
At the Place of EXECUTION,
THEY all appear'd very Grave, except Norman, who laugh'd and smil'd once or twice. Being ask'd, what they had to say? Joshua Cornwall said he had no more to add to his Confessions, only desir'd to acquaint the World, that the Maid who was his Fellow Servant, was very Innocent, and that it was an unjust Imputation, that some had laid to their Charge of being too Familiar with one another. This he declar'd in Vindication of the young Woman, and that No-body might reflect upon her on his Account, having had nothing more to do with her, but only a general Acquaintance, as being together in the same House. Taylor having wept most of the Time in Chapel, as they were receiving the Sacrament, appear'd devout and truly Penitent, and only said, he forgave all the World, and hop'd Forgiveness from God. Richard Smith said, he knew nothing of, and had not seen the Hat and some other Things sworn against him, as taken from the Prosecutor by Violence on the Highway, till they were produc'd in Court, and that he had not committed that Robbery as they gave in Evidence against him, but that it was done by his Associates, while he was behind them, as they were coming from the other End of the Town in an Evening. He said, he had made all his Confessions already, and had no more to add, and that he hop'd he had made his Peace with God. When he came first upon the Cart, he smil'd to Some-body. He died a Roman Catholick. Barnet said, he had nothing to say, and would make to Confessions, as before he said, he would take no Sacraments. He seem'd to be very obdur'd and obstinate. John Smith said, he had no more to say, and that he hop'd he had made his Peace with God. Brabyn denied the Fact he died for, own'd he had been a vile Sinner, and pray'd God for Pardon, which he hop'd to obtain. Holland had no more to add, but desir'd me to pray heartily once more for him, and said, he was troubl'd at the miserable Circumstances of his Wife and Children. He was a Roman Catholick. The rest did not speak of any Particulars, only that they died in Peace with all the World, and hop'd that God would have Mercy upon their poor Souls. Cornwall address'd himself to the People, and desir'd all young Men to take Example from him, and to live in the fear of God. William Whitford when he went out of Newgate denied the Fact he died for, with many Protestations; and when he was going into the Cart to be carry'd to Tyburn, he address'd himself to the Spectators, and Spoke much to the same Purpose, as he did afterwards when I was going to Pray for them; and at his last Breath, that he was Innocent as the Child that was Unborn, and that he never wrong'd Man, Woman, nor Child, &c. He also made some Re
flexions. All of them comply'd Seriously with Prayers, and Singing of Psalms, and went off the Stage, crying out, Lord have Mercy on our Souls, Lord Jesus receive my Spirit. All except Richard Smith, and Holland profess'd to be in Communion with this Church.
This is all the Account given by me,
Ordinary of Newgate,
This Day is Publish'd, The Second EDITION of
The PROCEEDINGS at the Sessions of Peace, and Oyer and for the City of London and county of Middlesex, held at Justice Hall in the Old Bailey; on Friday, Saturday, Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday, being the 4th, 5th, 7th, 8th, and 9th, of December, 1730. In the 4th Year of his Majesty's Reign, and the first Sessions in the Mayoralty of the Rt. Hon. Humphry Parsons, Esq; Lord Mayor of the City of London. No. 1. for the said Year, containing the Trials at Large of Abraham White, Francis Saunders; John Miles, alias Minsham, alias Mitchel, Robert Tyler, Constance Buckle, William Brabyn, James Hall William Holland, Peter Norman, John Smith, John Barnes, Richard Smith, and William Whitford, for several Street Robberies; Thomas Mansel for Horse-Stealing, Alexander Reyton, for ravishing Elizabeth Saunderson: William Hallowel, and John Huggins, for an Attempt to commit Sodomy, on the Stairs leading to the Top of St. Paul's Cathedrial; of Russel and Green for sending Letters to divers People demanding Money, and threatning them with Destruction in Case of Refusal; John Lewis, and John Jones, for conspiring to charge John Battle with Sodomy, and extorting Money from him on that Pretence; Roger Johnson upon an Indictment for robbing William Pitts, &c. &c. &c. &c.
Printed for T. ayne in Pater-noster Row.
[Price Six Pence.]
The FIFTEENTH EDITION of ONANIA, Or, The Heinous Sin of self , and all in frightful Consequences (in both Sexes) considered, with Spiritual and Physical Advice to those who have already injured themselves by this abominable Practice.
As also the SIXTH EDITION of the SUPPLEMENT to it, both of them Revised, and Enlarged, and now Printed together in One Volume.
And as the several Passages in the former Impressions, that have been charged with being obscure, and ambiguous, are in these cleared up, and explained, there will be no more Alterations, or Additions made to them.
These Editions contain some further and surprizing Instances of the Mischiefs by that filthy, sinful Commerce with ones self, which is so notoriously, practised, as well by the Adult as Youth, Women as Men, Married as Single, to the weakening their Generative Faculties, and hindering Procreation, as their Letters of Complaints to the Author, herein inserted, shew.
And, amongst others, a curious Letter from a Lady, with his answer to it, concerning the Use, and Abuse of the Marriage-Bed; together with divers Casuistical and other Letters from both Sexes, of some secret unnatural Effeminancies, necessary to be known both by the married and single of each Sex.
To which is added,
A Curious PIECE, translated out of the Latin from L. S. SCKMEIDER, as it is inserted in the Acta Lipsiensia, concerning the Return of the into the of Blood; well worth the Perusal of Physicians. Surgeons, Anatomists, and all others of Art and Curiosity.
As also Dr. QUINCY's Translation of Dr. CARR's remarkable Answer to a Letter sent by a Divine, concerning two Nuns of Rome, reported to have changed their Sex.
Likewise Dr. DRAKE, and several other Physicians Opinions of Hermaphredites, and Women brought to a Resemblance of them, by the Practice of Self-Pollution, as Case of a young Lady of 18. whose well wrote Letter to the Author, describing and lamenting her Condition, is (in order to deter others) inserted.
A very grave and learned Divine and Physician having perused this Discourse, before it went to Press, returned it with his Opinion of it in these Words.
This little Book ought to be read by all Sorts of People, of both Sexes, of what Age, Degree, Profession, or Condition soever, guilty, or not guilty of the Sin declaimed against in it.
Is now Sold only by J. ISTED, Bookseller (Mr. CROUCH, Bookseller in Pater noster-Row being dead) at the Golden Ball between St. Dunstan's Church, and Chancery Lane, in Fleet-Street. Price Stitch'd 3 s. Bound 3 s. 6 d,
Where may be had,
The SUPPLEMENT, by itself, Price stitch'd 1 s. 6 d.
Dr. Godfrey's General Cordial.
So Universally approved of for the Cholick, and all Manner of Pains in the Bowels, Fluxes, Fevers, Small-Pox, Measles, Rheumatism, Coughs, Colds, and Restlestness, in Men, Women, and Children; and particularly for several Ailments incident to Child bearing Women, and Relief of young Children in breeding their Teeth.
IS Sold in most Cities, Boroughs, and Market Towns, throughout Great Britain and Ireland; and in most publick Streets in London: remov'd from Hunsdon to Broxborn in Hertfordshire: And for the Conveniency of supplying all those Parts, there are established by me BENJAMIN GODFREY, these following Wholesale Warehouses, viz.
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Sold also at my Original Warehouse facing Angel Alley in Bishopsgate-street, without Bishopsgate, London.
Any Reputable Shop-keeper, in any City, Borough, or Market-Town, where this Medicine is not already sold, may be supplied at any of the said Warehouses, with good Allowance.
N. B. The Publick are desired to take Notice, (to prevent being imposed on) that there is an ill minded Person who counterfeits the said Medicine, and puts the Title of Godfrey's Cordial on the Top of the Bottles, and in his Bills given with the Bottles, he calls it, The GENERAL CORDIAL, and does not put the Person's Name who prepares it; but as this Counterfeit Maker is now found out by his own Confession, he and his Sellers will be prosecuted as the Law directs. ONE of the unfair Sellers of the sham Medicine, without the Maker's Name who prepares it, is at a Silver-Smith's near Lombard-street, another is at a Cheese Monger's facing Devonshire Square in Bishopsgate-street. But to prevent the Buyers from being imposed on, I have put my Christian Name on the Top of each Bottle, as in the Margent, which is prepared.
The Price of each Bottle is 6 d.
Dr. R. NELSON, being well known to have made the Cure of SEMINAL and GENITAL Imbecilities his chief Study and Practice for many Years, does recommend his most Noble Cleansing and Strengthning Elixir, as the only Medicine in the World.
For Gleets and Weaknesses, the Bane of Virility in the one Sex, and Destroyer of Fertility in the other, whether from ill cur'd Venereal Infection (than which nothing is more common) or from inordinate Coition, or Self-Pollution (that cursed School Wickedness, which spoils all our Youth, by nipping their Manhood in the Bud) or from Falls, Blows, Strains, Wrenches, hard Labours, Miscarriages, or other Causes, which drain and dry up the Seminals, and wither, as it were, the Generative Faculties, causing Impotency in Men, the Fluor Albus, or Barrenness in Women, or but a weakly, sickly Offspring it any); and in the long Run (by impoverishing the Blood and Spirits) Melancholly, Vapours, Decays of Nature and Consumptions, No Medicine can be more pleasant to take, nor any Thing upon Earth more effectual for the Purpose; for let the Imbecility be ever so great, or of ever so long standing, and be either in the Parts, Spermatick Vessels, or Back, with Pain or without, it certainly Cures, by reviving and enriching the Blood and Spirits comforting, nourishing, and replenishing the Reins and Seminals, and strengthening, and restoring the Genital Parts in both Sexes, how much soever weakned, rendered cold, or deadned, and bringing them to their natural Force, Warmth, and Vigour, by thickening and fertilizing the Seed, which before was thin, waterish, or yellowish, and consequently insufficient, either for Procreation or the Act of it: All Disorders of the Urine' as Difficulty in the making or retaining it, or its dribbling away hot or smarting, or foul slimy, thready greasy, or stinking, whether from Gravel, Stone, Strangury or a Venereal Cause, are likewise speedily cured by it, and the Water made to be held as strongly, and yet brought away as freely, easily, full-stream'd, and clear as ever. Price 5 s. a Bottle. Prepared by the above said Author, and sold only (sealed up with Directions how to take it) at Mr. ISTED's, a Bookseller, at the Golden Ball, between St. Dunstan's Church and Chancery-Lane End in Fleet Street, asking only for a 5 s. Bottle of Elixir.
Note, One Bottle only of this Elixir, lately cured, among others, a Gentleman of Gray's Inn, and his Friend, of the Stone and Gravel, by mouldering into Fragments, the former, and loosening the latter, and bring them away with the Urine, with Ease and Wonder. The said Gentleman came himself, on Purpose, to Mr. ISTED, to acquaint him thereof, and desired that it might be made publick for the Benefit of others under the like Afflictions; and left with him his Name, and where he might be spoke with by any that should desire a more particular Information.