<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<p>APRIL, 1913.</p>
<p>Vol. CLVIII.] [Part 943</p>
<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<persName id="t19130401-name-1">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-1" type="surname" value="WALPOLE"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-1" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WALPOLE</persName> & CO.,</p>
<p>Shorthand Writers to the Court.</p>
<p>EDITED BY</p>
<p>[Published by Annual Subscription.]</p>
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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010003"/>
<p>On the King's Commission of</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>Held on Tuesday, April 1st, 1913, and following days.</p>
<p>Before the Right Hon. Sir
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-2" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-2" type="surname" value="BURNETT"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-2" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID BURNETT</persName> </hi>, Knight,
<hi rend="largeCaps">LORD MAYOR</hi> of the said City of London; the Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-3" type="surname" value="LUSH"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-3" type="given" value="CHARLES MONTAGUE"/>CHARLES MONTAGUE LUSH</persName> </hi>, Knight, one of the Justices of His Majesty's High Court; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">HENRY E. KNIGHT</hi>, Knight; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-4" type="surname" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-4" type="given" value="MARCUS"/>MARCUS SAMUEL</persName> </hi>, Bart.; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-5" type="surname" value="BELL"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-5" type="given" value="JOHN CHARLES"/>JOHN CHARLES BELL</persName> </hi>, Bart.; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">T. VANSITTART BOWATER</hi>, Knight;
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-6" type="surname" value="HANSON"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-6" type="given" value="CHAS AUGUSTIN"/>CHAS. AUGUSTIN HANSON</persName> </hi>, Esq.; and Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-7" type="surname" value="BADDELEY"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-7" type="given" value="JOHN JAMES"/>JOHN JAMES BADDELEY</persName> </hi>, Knight, Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-8" type="surname" value="FULTON"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-8" type="given" value="FORREST"/>FORREST FULTON</persName> </hi>, Knight, K.C., Recorder of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-9" type="surname" value="BOSANQUET"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-9" type="given" value="FK ALBERT"/>FK. ALBERT BOSANQUET</persName> </hi>, Knight, K.C., Common Serjeant of the said City; and His Honour Judge
<hi rend="smallCaps">RENTOUL</hi>, K.C., Commissioner; His Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-10" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-10" type="surname" value="COOPER"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-10" type="given" value="EDWARD ERNEST"/>EDWARD ERNEST COOPER</persName> </hi>, Esq., Alderman,</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-11" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-11" type="surname" value="BOWER"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-11" type="given" value="ALFRED LOUIS"/>ALFRED LOUIS BOWER</persName> </hi>, Esq.,</p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-12" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-12" type="surname" value="LANGTON"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-12" type="given" value="JOSEPH DAVID"/>JOSEPH DAVID LANGTON</persName> </hi>, Esq.,</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">E. V. HUXTABLE</hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs</hi>.</p>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BURNETT, MAYOR. SIXTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE RECORDER</hi>.</p>
<p>(Tuesday, April 1.)</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-1-19130401" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-1-19130401" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-1-19130401" type="surname" value="EDGAR"/>
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<interp inst="def1-1-19130401" type="occupation" value="agent"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDGAR</hi>, Charles (33, agent)</persName>
<rs id="t19130401-1-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-1-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-1-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="libel"/>, unlawfully and maliciously writing and publishing certain defamatory libels of and concerning
<persName id="t19130401-name-14" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-14" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-14" type="given" value="ARTHUR GRIFFITH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-1-offence-1 t19130401-name-14"/>Arthur Griffith Lewis</persName> (four indictments); committing perjury (two indict
<lb/>ments).</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19130401-1-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-1-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-1-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>Prisoner pleaded guilty to the first four indictments, not guilty to the perjury indictments; the latter were not proceeded with.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Curtis Bennett and Mr. Ivan Snell prosecuted; Mr. Honour appeared for prisoner.</p>
<p>Thirteen previous convictions for fraud and larceny were proved, one involving a sentence of three years' penal servitude.</p>
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<interp inst="t19130401-1-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-1-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-1-19130401 t19130401-1-punishment-1"/>Six months' imprisonment in respect of each offence, to run concurrently;</rs>
<rs id="t19130401-1-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-1-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-1-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-1-19130401 t19130401-1-punishment-2"/>before his release, to enter into his own recognisances in £50 to keep the peace, and in default thereof to be further im
<lb/>prisoned for six months.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">VERYARD</hi>, William Thomas (28, postman)</persName>
<rs id="t19130401-2-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-2-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-2-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>
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<rs id="t19130401-2-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-2-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-2-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> </hi> of on
<rs id="t19130401-cd-1" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-2-offence-1 t19130401-cd-1"/>February 28, 1913</rs>, stealing a postal packet, a watch, and 2s., the property of
<persName id="t19130401-name-16" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-16" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-2-offence-1 t19130401-name-16"/>His Majesty's Postmaster-General</persName>, he being an officer of the Post Office; on same date stealing a postal packet, a purse, and 10s. 3d., the property of His Majesty's Postmaster-General, he being an officer of the Post Office.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Forster Boulton prosecuted.</p>
<rs id="t19130401-2-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-2-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-2-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-2-19130401 t19130401-2-punishment-3"/>Nine months' hard labour in respect of each offence, to run concurrently.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-3-19130401" type="age" value="49"/>
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<interp inst="def1-3-19130401" type="occupation" value="Post Office overseer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SILK</hi>, William (49, Post Office overseer)</persName>
<rs id="t19130401-3-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-3-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-3-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, on
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<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-3-offence-1 t19130401-cd-2"/>February 1, 1913</rs>, stealing a postal packet and a postal-order for 6s. 6d., the property of
<persName id="t19130401-name-18" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-18" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-3-offence-1 t19130401-name-18"/>His Majesty's Postmaster-General</persName>, he being an officer of the Post Office;
<rs id="t19130401-cd-3" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-3-offence-1 t19130401-cd-3"/>on March 11, 1913</rs>, stealing a postal packet and two postal orders for 21s. and 3s. respectively, in each case the property of His Majesty's Postmaster-General, he being an officer of the Post Office.</rs> </p>
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<p>Mr. Forster Boulton prosecuted; Mr. Curtis Bennett appeared for prisoner.</p>
<rs id="t19130401-3-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-3-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-3-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Sentence:</rs>
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<interp inst="t19130401-3-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-3-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-3-19130401 t19130401-3-punishment-4"/>Nine months' hard labour in respect of each offence, to run concurrently.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-4-19130401" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19130401" type="age" value="23"/>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">GAY</hi>, William John (23, postman)</persName>
<rs id="t19130401-4-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-4-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-4-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>,
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<rs id="t19130401-4-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-4-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-4-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> </hi> of on
<rs id="t19130401-cd-4" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-4-offence-1 t19130401-cd-4"/>March 3, 1913</rs>, stealing a postal packet and a postal-order for 16s., the pro
<lb/>perty of
<persName id="t19130401-name-20" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-20" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-4-offence-1 t19130401-name-20"/>His Majesty's Postmaster-General</persName>, he being an officer of the Post Office; on
<rs id="t19130401-cd-5" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-4-offence-1 t19130401-cd-5"/>October 25, 1912</rs>, stealing a postal packet and a postal-order for 10s., the property of His Majesty's Postmaster-General, he being an officer of the Post Office.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Forster Boulton prosecuted.</p>
<rs id="t19130401-4-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-4-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-4-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-4-19130401 t19130401-4-punishment-5"/>Nine months' hard labour in respect of each offence, to run concurrently.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">BROOKS</hi>, Dorothy Eleanor (18, Post Office clerk)</persName>
<rs id="t19130401-5-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-5-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
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<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19130401-5-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-5-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-5-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> </hi> of, being a person employed in the public service of
<persName id="t19130401-name-22" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-22" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-5-offence-1 t19130401-name-22"/>His Majesty the King</persName>, embezzling and stealing within six months, to wit, on
<rs id="t19130401-cd-6" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-5-offence-1 t19130401-cd-6"/>Decem
<lb/>ber 21, 1912</rs>, the sum of £10, and on
<rs id="t19130401-cd-7" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-5-offence-1 t19130401-cd-7"/>January 1, 1913</rs>, the sum of £4 entrusted to her by virtue of such employment.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Forster Boulton prosecuted.</p>
<rs id="t19130401-5-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-5-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-5-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-5-19130401 t19130401-5-punishment-6"/>Sentence was postponed till next Session.</rs> </p>
<p>(At the second April Session prisoner was sentenced to Six months' imprisonment, second division, to be computed from April 22.)</p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">O'CONNELL</hi>, William (35, postman)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-6-19130401" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-6-19130401" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-6-19130401" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def2-6-19130401" type="surname" value="NEIL"/>
<interp inst="def2-6-19130401" type="given" value="JOHN CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="def2-6-19130401" type="occupation" value="carman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEIL</hi>, John Charles (37, carman)</persName>
<rs id="t19130401-6-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-6-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
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<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19130401-6-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-6-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-6-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> </hi> of O'Connell stealing a postal packet and a postal-order for 21s., the property of
<persName id="t19130401-name-25" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-25" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-6-offence-1 t19130401-name-25"/>His Majesty's Postmaster-General</persName>, he being an officer of the Post Office,</rs> and
<rs id="t19130401-6-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-6-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-6-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/>Neil feloniously receiving the said postal-order, knowing the same to have been feloni
<lb/>ously stolen.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Forster Boulton prosecuted.</p>
<p>Neil had served ten years with the colours and had been through the South African war.</p>
<rs id="t19130401-6-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-6-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-6-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-6-19130401 t19130401-6-punishment-7"/>O'Connell, Eight months' hard labour</rs>;
<rs id="t19130401-6-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-6-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-6-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-6-19130401 t19130401-6-punishment-8"/>Neil Six months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130401-7">
<interp inst="t19130401-7" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130401"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-7" type="date" value="19130401"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-7-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-7-19130401 t19130401-7-offence-1 t19130401-7-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-7-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-7-19130401 t19130401-7-offence-2 t19130401-7-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-7-19130401" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-7-19130401" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19130401" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19130401" type="surname" value="KENNEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19130401" type="given" value="HARRIETT"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19130401" type="occupation" value="charwoman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">KENNEY</hi>, Harriett (40, charwoman)</persName>
<rs id="t19130401-7-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-7-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-7-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19130401-7-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-7-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-7-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> </hi> of forging and uttering, knowing the same to be forged, a warrant and order for the payment of 3s. 6d., with intent to defraud;</rs>
<rs id="t19130401-7-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-7-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-7-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>forging and utter
<lb/>ing, knowing the same to be forged, a warrant and order for the pay
<lb/>ment of 4s., with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Forster Boulton prosecuted.</p>
<rs id="t19130401-7-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-7-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-7-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-7-19130401 t19130401-7-punishment-9"/>Four months' imprisonment, second division, in respect of each offence, to run concurrently.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130401-8">
<interp inst="t19130401-8" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130401"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-8" type="date" value="19130401"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-8-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-8-19130401 t19130401-8-offence-1 t19130401-8-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-8-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-8-19130401 t19130401-8-offence-1 t19130401-8-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-8-19130401" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-8-19130401" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19130401" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19130401" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19130401" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19130401" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SMITH</hi>, William (22, labourer)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-8-19130401" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-8-19130401" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-8-19130401" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def2-8-19130401" type="surname" value="RICHARDSON"/>
<interp inst="def2-8-19130401" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def2-8-19130401" type="occupation" value="seaman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARDSON</hi>, Thomas (19, seaman)</persName>
<rs id="t19130401-8-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-8-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-8-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19130401-8-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-8-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-8-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> </hi> of breaking and entering the shop of
<persName id="t19130401-name-29" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-29" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-29" type="surname" value="SAQUI"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-29" type="given" value="HORATIO"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-8-offence-1 t19130401-name-29"/>Horatio Saqui</persName> and another and stealing therein two cruet stands and other articles, their goods.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Watton prosecuted.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010007"/>
<p>Smith confessed to having been convicted, at this Court, on Decem
<lb/>ber 3, 1912, of shopbreaking.</p>
<rs id="t19130401-8-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-8-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-8-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-8-19130401 t19130401-8-punishment-10"/>Smith, Twelve months' hard labour;</rs>
<rs id="t19130401-8-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-8-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-8-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-8-19130401 t19130401-8-punishment-11"/>Richardson Six months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Tuesday, April 1.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130401-9">
<interp inst="t19130401-9" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130401"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-9" type="date" value="19130401"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-9-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-19130401 t19130401-9-offence-1 t19130401-9-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-9-19130401" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-9-19130401" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19130401" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19130401" type="surname" value="LEE"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19130401" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19130401" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LEE</hi>, Richard (32, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19130401-9-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-9-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-9-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19130401-9-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-9-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-9-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> </hi> of unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>Seven previous convictions for burglary, housebreaking, etc., and eight summary convictions were proved. Prisoner was stated never to have been known to attempt to do any honest work.</p>
<rs id="t19130401-9-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-9-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-9-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-19130401 t19130401-9-punishment-12"/>Nine months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130401-10">
<interp inst="t19130401-10" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130401"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-10" type="date" value="19130401"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-10-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-19130401 t19130401-10-offence-1 t19130401-10-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-10-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-19130401 t19130401-10-offence-2 t19130401-10-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-10-19130401" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-10-19130401" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19130401" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19130401" type="surname" value="SULLIVAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19130401" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19130401" type="occupation" value="agent"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SULLIVAN</hi>, George (34, agent)</persName>
<rs id="t19130401-10-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-10-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-10-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19130401-10-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-10-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-10-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> </hi> of feloniously possessing a mould upon which was impressed the obverse and reverse sides of a florin;</rs>
<rs id="t19130401-10-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-10-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-10-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin twice within ten days.</rs> </p>
<p>Nine previous convictions for coining, etc., were proved. The police stated that at prisoner's house were found two exceptionally well-made moulds hot in the oven, and a complete coiner's outfit. Prisoner had been doing honest work since his last release from prison in May, 1905.</p>
<rs id="t19130401-10-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-10-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-10-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-19130401 t19130401-10-punishment-13"/>Five years' penal servitude in respect of offence of possess
<lb/>ing mould;</rs>
<rs id="t19130401-10-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-10-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-10-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-19130401 t19130401-10-punishment-14"/>no sentence passed in respect of other offence.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130401-11">
<interp inst="t19130401-11" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130401"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-11" type="date" value="19130401"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-11-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-19130401 t19130401-11-offence-1 t19130401-11-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-11-19130401" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-11-19130401" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19130401" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19130401" type="surname" value="SULLIVAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19130401" type="given" value="PHILIP"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19130401" type="occupation" value="hawker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SULLIVAN</hi>, Philip (27, hawker)</persName>
<rs id="t19130401-11-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-11-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-11-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, feloniously possessing a mould upon which was impressed the obverse and reverse sides of a half-crown; unlawfully possessing counterfeit coin with intent to utter the same.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Beaumont Morice prosecuted; Mr. Purcell defended.</p>
<p>Prisoner was tried on the first indictment.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">EDWARD GIMBLETT</hi>, New Scotland Yard. In the afternoon of Tuesday, February 11, accompanied by Detective Worth, I was keeping observation on prisoner. He went into the "Railway Tavern" public-house, Hackney. I then arrested him on a charge of possessing counterfeit coin.</p>
<p>Mr. Purcell submitted that prisoner's conduct when arrested on another charge was not admissible.</p>
<p>The Common Serjeant held that the evidence was admissible, al
<lb/>though possibly not material.</p>
<p>Examination continued. When I told prisoner the charge he be
<lb/>came very violent. On the way to the station prisoner said, "Let me wipe my nose." I allowed him to put his hand in his left hand jacket pocket and get out his handkerchief for that purpose. We were at that moment crossing the tramlines in Mare Street, Hackney. About five minutes after we arrived at the station I was shown three counter
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010008"/>
<p>coins wrapped up in a handkerchief (produced). They are muti
<lb/>lated and appear to have been run over by the tram. Next day I went with Detective-sergeant Goodwillie to 40, Myrtle Street, Hoxton.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PERCY WORTH</hi> corroborated.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM HICKS</hi>, 343 J. On February 11, at about 1.20 p.m., I saw prisoner brought into Hackney Police Station by Gimblett and Worth. Two or three minutes afterwards a person came to the station and handed me three counterfeit half-crowns wrapped up in a handkerchief (produced). I handed them to Gimblett.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN SANDERSON</hi>, J Division. On February 11 I received handkerchief and coins (produced). I handed the handkerchief to prisoner; he said nothing. Prisoner was then discharged; he came back next day at about 2 p.m. for some eye-glasses he had left behind.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DAVID GOODWILLIE</hi>, New Scotland Yard. On February 11, about 4 p.m., I went to Hackney Police Station and saw prisoner detained for possessing three counterfeit half-crowns. I told him I was not going to charge him with that offence. He said, "If you get me out of this I will help you to arrest the maker of the coins who lives at Hoxton." I thanked prisoner and said, "I shall be glad of any assistance you can give me." Next day, in consequence of a telegram I received, I met prisoner at 3 p.m. at Charing Cross Railway Station; he then said, "A man named Kemp, residing at 40, Myrtle Street, Flat No. 9, Hoxton, is the maker of the coins, and will be making counterfeit coins at 7 o'clock to-night." I handed him a pair of spectacles, which I had omitted to give him the day before, and said to him, "Meet me to-night at 8 o'clock outside Old Street." At 7 p.m. that night, I, Gimblett, Worth, and other officers, went to 40, Myrtle Street, Hoxton, where on the top floor I found Kemp, his wife and two children. I told Kemp I was a police officer and had reason to believe that counterfeit coin was being made there. He said, "Yes, I was just going to see you." Kemp then handed me two moulds dated 1912, a tin box containing twenty counterfeit half-crowns dated 1912, apparently made from the moulds, packet of sand, box of cyanide of potassium, two pieces of copper wire, one pot, two pieces of glass (all produced). The pot looks as if metal had been melted in it. Some of the articles he produced from inside a cupboard, and some from on top of the cupboard. Kemp then made a statement to me. I conveyed Kemp and his wife to Old Street Police Station. I then went outside the Police Station, where I saw prisoner waiting for me. I told him I had arrested Kemp, that I was a police officer, and should take him into custody for being concerned with Kemp. Prisoner said, "Do not do that, the other man made them." I took him into the station. Pointing to Kemp, he said, "I did not make them; he made them." When charged with possessing the implements I had found in Kemp's flat, prisoner made no reply. I searched prisoner and found on him 30s. including two good half-crowns (produced) dated 1912, which are very bright and look as if they had been used as patterns for moulds found at Kemp's flat. Those two half-crowns were not with his other money.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010009"/>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner gave me information against Kemp after he was discharged from the first charge. When we went to Kemp's room it was perfectly apparent that we meant to search. I did not believe him when he said he was just going to come round to me. Kemp handed me the articles from different parts of the cupboard. I arrested Kemp partly in consequence of what the prisoner told me, and then arrested the prisoner a second time partly in consequence of what Kemp told me. When prisoner pointed to Kemp and said, "I did not make them; he made them," Kemp made no reply. Prisoner did not tell me that he had received those two bright half-crowns from Kemp in exchange for two florins and a shilling.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-33" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-33" type="surname" value="KEMP"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-33" type="given" value="ALBERT EDWARD"/>ALBERT EDWARD KEMP</persName> </hi>, dock labourer. In February I was living at 40, Myrtle Street. On February 11 I met prisoner outside the "King's Arms" public-house, Shoreditch. I knew him by sight, but had never spoken to him before. He came across to me as I was standing outside the public-house, and said, "Is your name Kemp?" I said, "Yes." He said, "Doing any work?" I said, "No, not at present." He said, "Where do you live, I can put something in your way?" I told him Flat No. 9, at 40, Myrtle Street. Next morning I got up at 4 a.m., went on the tram to Poplar, and walked to the Victoria Dock, looking for work; I then went to the London Dock, which I reached at 1 p.m.; then to the Victoria and Albert Dock, Fresh Wharf, getting home at about 5 p.m., having got no work. In consequence of what my wife told me, I found a cardboard box wrapped up in brown paper on top of the cupboard, in which I found all these moulds, etc., produced. I threw them into the cupboard with disgust. Shortly afterwards Goodwillie and other officers came in and said they understood counter
<lb/>feit coins were made in my place. I was dumbfounded. I then handed them the things which I had taken out of the parcel. This tin box, which contained the counterfeit half-crowns, is my own box—it did not come out of the parcel. My wife and I were then taken to the police station. Sullivan pointed at me and said, "He made them." That is untrue. I said nothing; my wife said, "No, you are the man that fetched the parcel to my place." Next day prisoner and I were brought before the Magistrate. We were then both put back into the cells; prisoner said to me then, "Tell your old woman it was not me that fetched it up, it was a man very much like me, then I will get out of it. If she does not I will draw somebody into the cart. Oh, these can easy be bluffed. I was at the Old Bailey once before for the very same thing and we easy bluffed them there—me and two other men, and one of them was the maker." I do not know what he meant. I am an ex-soldier in receipt of 1s. a day pension.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, April 2.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-34" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-34" type="surname" value="KEMP"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-34" type="given" value="ALBERT EDWARD"/>ALBERT EDWARD KEMP</persName> </hi>, recalled, cross-examined. Nothing more was said at the interview between myself and prisoner outside the "King's Arms" public-house; I did not know prisoner's name. When I came home next day my wife told me "a man" had left the parcel; she did not mention "Sullivan." I did not know who had left the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010010"/>
<p>cardboard box. I threw on top of the cupboard the articles, which I did not intend to take to the police station. I did not say to Ser
<lb/>geant Goodwillie that I had said to my wife, when I came in, "I will take them to the police station as soon as I get a cup of tea and tell the police that a man named Sullivan left them here." I did not mention the name of "Sullivan"; I did not know his name. On Tues
<lb/>day, February 11, Mr. More, my landlord's agent, called for the rent, which was in arrears. He stood at the door and my wife and I spoke to him. I promised him one week's rent on the following Wednesday, and another week's rent later on in the week. Prisoner was not in my room when More called. At the police court prisoner, in cross-examination, suggested to me that that conversation had passed be
<lb/>tween me and More. Prisoner knew that conversation because I had told him of it. I had said to him, "You have got me in a nice scrape; my little kiddies will be thrown on the street for rent." It is not true that I gave prisoner on February 11 three bad half-crowns in exchange for 5s. in good money. When prisoner said at Old Street Police Station, "He made them," I said, "No," to my wife.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-35" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-35" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-35" type="surname" value="KEMP"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-35" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>ELLEN KEMP</persName> </hi>, wife of last witness. On Wednesday, February 12, at about noon, prisoner opened the door of our flat and walked in. I had never seen him before. He had a brown paper parcel. He said, "Are you Mrs. Kemp?" I said, "Yes." He said, "It is all right, I have seen Albert." I said, "Are you sure?" He said, "Yes." I left him in the room sitting on the chair, while I went with my children to my mother's to get some food. My husband had gone to look for work at 4 a.m. that morning. I returned from my mother's at about 2 p.m. Prisoner was putting his overcoat on; he said to me, "Tell Albert I will see him between half past seven and eight to-night." He then left. I afterwards noticed that he had left the brown paper parcel on top of the cupboard. My husband came home at about 5. As the result of what I told him he looked at the parcel and opened it. (The witness corroborated her husband.)</p>
<p>Cross-examined. When prisoner called at the flat he left his name "Sullivan." When my husband came home I mentioned the name of "Sullivan" to him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ELLEN WOOD</hi>, Ark Street, Hoxton, mother of last witness. On February 12, just before 12 noon, my daughter came to my house with her children, and returned home just before 2 p.m.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-36" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-36" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-36" type="surname" value="MORE"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-36" type="given" value="CHARLES WILLIAM"/>CHARLES WILLIAM MORE</persName> </hi>, collector to Boyce Evens and Carpenter, auctioneers, 92, Hoxton Street. We are agents for 40, Myrtle Street, Flat No. 9 of which is occupied by Kemp at a rent of 4s. 6d. a week. On Tuesday, February 11, between 10 and 10.30 a.m. I went to collect the rent. Prisoner was not there.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Either Mr. or Mrs. Kemp said I would be paid one week on the Wednesday and another payment would be made during the week. I stood at the door; I did not go inside. Anybody in the room could hear what was said. Somebody else might have been in the room.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-37" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-37" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-37" type="given" value="SIDNEY WILLIAM"/>SIDNEY WILLIAM SMITH</persName> </hi>, assistant assayer, H.M. Mint. The two coining moulds produced were made from one of the genuine half-crowns</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010011"/>
<p>produced by Sergeant Goodwillie. Of the twenty counterfeit half-crowns produced by Goodwillie, thirteen were made with one of these moulds, and seven with the other mould. As to the three mutilated counterfeit half-crowns I am able to say that one was made from one of these moulds; the others are too mutilated for me to tell.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GOODWILLIE</hi>, recalled. At the police court Kemp was called before More. When I arrested Kemp he made a state
<lb/>ment, which I took down in writing, in which he said, "I arrived home at 4.45 p.m. My wife showed me the moulds and coins. I said to her, 'I shall take them to the police as soon as I get a cup of tea, and tell the police that a man named Sullivan left them here.'" I gave that evidence at the police court when Kemp was in the dock. In cross-examination he did not suggest he had not mentioned the name of "Sullivan."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-38" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-38" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-38" type="surname" value="SULLIVAN"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-38" type="given" value="PHILIP"/>PHILIP SULLIVAN</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I have known Kemp for about seven or eight months. I knew his name, and he knew mine. On February 11 I was at Kemp's house from 10 a.m. to about 12 noon. He was pouring metal into those moulds produced, and making counterfeit coins. He said, "Are you doing anything?" I said, "Not much." Then he went to the tin box produced and handed me three counterfeit half-crowns out of the box. He said, "There you are, you may be able to do yourself a bit of good with these." I took them and put then in a pocket where I also had two pocket-handker
<lb/>chiefs. Kempt said, "Try and change these. If you do, come back and I will give you some more." I then walked past Shoreditch Church to Hackney Station, where I was arrested and taken to Hackney Police Station. Goodwillie saw me in the cell and said, "I am not going to charge you with this offence." He then shook hands with me and said, "I give you my word of honour as a gentle
<lb/>man, if you can let me know who the maker is I will let you go—set you free." He had a key in his hand, and he said, "I have got the key of the cell. I will let you out." I said, "I will tell you who the maker of the coins is between now and Friday." I was then released. Next day I met Goodwillie outside Charing Cross Station. His account of that interview is correct and of my second arrest is correct. While I was at Kemp's flat on Tuesday, February 11, More called and spoke to Kemp and his wife as he has described. I knew his name was "More," because Kemp told me so. I instructed my solicitor as to that interview, and questions were put to Kemp as to that at the police court. On Wednesday, February 12, I met a friend of mine named Lipman outside Shoreditch Church. We then went to Hackney Railway Station together, and went into the "Railway Tavern" public-house. I was in his company till 2.15 p.m. I did not go near Kemp's flat.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. When arrested I gave my father's address. I did so because I am living with a young woman and did not wish to give my own address. When I was being taken to Hackney Police Station</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010012"/>
<p>the three counterfeit half-crowns dropped accidentally out of my pocket. Mrs. Kemp's evidence is untrue. I was not violent when arrested. I have known Lipman for this last three or four years. On February 11, at Kemp's flat after More had gone, Kemp said to me, "I think I will give him a week's rent to-day. I cannot give him these two. Change them, will you; you have got some money with you." He then produced the two bright half-crowns (produced). I gave him two florins and a shilling for them. I did not intend to pass off the three counterfeit half-crowns. They were in good condition then, fit to be passed. I had the two pattern half-crowns on me on February 11 when I was arrested. When I was searched the officers did not find them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-39" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-39" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-39" type="surname" value="LIPMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-39" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES LIPMAN</persName> </hi>, Rowton House, Whitechapel. On February 12, at 10 a.m., I met prisoner outside Shoreditch Church. We went to Smith's coffee shop, which is near by, and stayed there about an hour. We then went by tram to Hackney Station and into a public-house, the barman of which is here to-day. I do not know the name of the public-house. We stayed there about a quarter of an hour, and left at 12.50 p.m. We then went to Hackney Police Station, getting there at one o'clock. We were told to come back at 1.45 p.m. At no time between 10 a.m. and 2.30 p.m. did prisoner go to Myrtle Street.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have not been in regular employment for three years. I do barrow work. On November 10, 1911, I was sentenced at this court to twelve months' hard labour for possession of forty-one counterfeit florins. I pleaded guilty. (See Vol. CLVI., p. 57.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-40" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-40" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-40" type="surname" value="READING"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-40" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM READING</persName> </hi>, barman, "Railway Tavern," Mare Street, Hackney. I remember prisoner being arrested at our public-house the following day, February 12, between 12 and 1 p.m. I saw him and Lipman in the bar together.</p>
<rs id="t19130401-11-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-11-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-11-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>. The second indictment was not proceeded with.</p>
<rs id="t19130401-11-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-11-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-11-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-19130401 t19130401-11-punishment-15"/>Five years' penal servitude</rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUDGE RENTOUL</hi>.</p>
<p>(Tuesday, April 1.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130401-12">
<interp inst="t19130401-12" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130401"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-12" type="date" value="19130401"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-12-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-19130401 t19130401-12-offence-1 t19130401-12-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-12-19130401" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-12-19130401" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19130401" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19130401" type="surname" value="GRUNSPAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19130401" type="given" value="SYDNEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19130401" type="occupation" value="0, agent"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GRUNSPAN</hi>, Sydney, otherwise
<rs id="t19130401-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-19130401 t19130401-alias-1"/> known as Sydney Green </rs>(30, agent)</persName>
<rs id="t19130401-12-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-12-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-12-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, being entrusted with certain property, to wit, a banker's cheque for payment of £171 and the sum of £29 in money for a certain pur
<lb/>pose, unlawfully did fraudulently convert the said property to his own use and benefit, and obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t19130401-name-42" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-42" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-42" type="surname" value="FAULDER"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-42" type="given" value="LILIAN MARY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-12-offence-1 t19130401-name-42"/>Lilian Mary Faulder</persName> a banker's cheque for payment of £171 and £29 in money, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Bodkin, Mr. Travers Humphreys, and Mr. Roland Oliver prose
<lb/>cuted; Mr. Muir defended.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-43" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-43" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-43" type="surname" value="FAULDER"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-43" type="given" value="LILIAN MARY"/>LILIAN MARY FAULDER</persName> </hi>, Montpelier House, Montpelier Road, Ealing. I carry on the business of a surgical and medical nursing home in partnership with Miss Jeffs. She has been with me about eight years.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010013"/>
<p>She introduced prisoner to me in 1910 as Sydney Green. He told us he was connected with the firm of Richards, Jay, and Co., who were interested in buying and selling stocks and shares. He said it would be a good thing to invest money in buying shares, and he would keep an eye on the market and sell them when they went up. In the early part of 1911 I invested between £400 and £500. In June, 1911, a Mr. Fredrick Seymour, of the Mining and Industrial Corporation, Chancery Lane, called upon me. I bought through him 250 shares in the Standard Oil Company, of Maikop Chervianski, Ltd. Mr. Green selected the companies in which I invested. I had not heard of the Chervianski Company until Mr. Seymour mentioned it. I paid Sey
<lb/>mour for those 250 shares by a bill for £62 10s. I met that bill by paying cash to Mr. Seymour Green, who is the prisoner. I did not get a certificate for the shares. Miss Jeffs was present at all the inter
<lb/>views with prisoner as far as I remember. I told prisoner of my transaction with Mr. Seymour. He said he did not know him, but would find out all about him and the shares. At that time he told me he had done several transactions through the Mining and Indus
<lb/>trial Corporation for me. Shortly after that he told me he had found out that the Chervianski Company was a very good company and that Mr. Seymour was quite straightforward and had done him invaluable service. Later he told me they were so valuable that he wanted me to buy 800 more at 5s., that he had control of the remaining shares in the company, and that if I did not buy them somebody else would, but he would like to do me a good turn and advised me to take them. I told him I had no more money to buy shares. He came several times afterwards to try to persuade me. He said they were so valu
<lb/>able that in two or three months I should get treble what I paid for them. He suggested I should borrow from my bank on the deeds of my house, which were in the hands of my solicitor. I approached the assistant manager of the Ealing branch of the London and County Bank, who advanced £200. I handed to prisoner to pay for the shares a cheque for £171, dated July 5, 1911. Prisoner told me it would be much better to do it like that, so that the bank should not think it was a speculation on my part. I paid him the balance of £200 in notes and cash. He sent me a receipt, when he said he had got me the shares. I put the receipt in a drawer with all these papers. I do not remmber whom it was signed by. I got a contract note for the 800 shares. That was put in the same drawer. I have not now got the contract note or receipt. I lent him £30 and £25 by cheques, which he has repaid. After I paid him the £200 he told me on the telephone that the Chervianski shares were going up by leaps and bounds, to hold on to them, there would be a boom very soon, and to wait and see. At the end of 1912 I was confined to my room for some weeks, and in consequence of something Miss Jeffs said to me I allowed her to take all my documents in connection with the business I had had with prisoner out of the drawer. Miss Jeffs took them away from the room. Prisoner took some of them away, the others were put back. I have not since seen those which prisoner took away. Before prisoner came to see me in August I had heard of his bankruptcy.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010014"/>
<p>He had been down on three or four occasions previously, and I did not see him. On this occasion I thought it better to see him to prevent his coming down any more. He came in and said, "I sup
<lb/>pose you have heard that I have been made a bankrupt." I said I had. I said that all the shares he had bought for me were absolutely worthless. I asked, "What about that £200 I gave you to buy Cher
<lb/>vianski shares with?" He said, "Wait and see, Mrs. Faulder." I said, "I hear they are absolutely worthless." He said, "It is abso
<lb/>lutely incorrect. Give me the shares and I will go and sell them in the market to-morrow." I said I would not agree to it, it would only mean he would rob some other woman and do the same thing he had done to me. At that time I believed I was the registered holder of 800 Chervianski shares. I said I should be satisfied if he went to the accountants, Murray and Co., and satisfied them that everything was in correct order. He said he would see them next week; he was busy now. At that interview I asked him if he knew Frederick Sey
<lb/>mour. He said he did not. I did not see him again after that. It is not true that the £200 was a loan. I attended at the Bankruptcy Court, when the defendant was there. I was not represented by a solicitor. The 250 Chervianski shares which I got through Mr. Sey
<lb/>mour have been sold. I think my agent got 6d. each for them. I have got nothing.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Miss Jeffs told me she became acquainted with prisoner through an advertisement she inserted for some shares. I first saw him about the end of 1910. I do not know if Miss Jeffs was satisfied with her investment at the time she introduced me. She had nothing from it. He was anxious that Miss Jeffs should introduce him to me and to get me to invest money. I talked it over with Miss Jeffs. I had four transactions with him altogether. I did not have receipts for the money. I did not have contract notes for all of them. I had a contract note for the 250 Chervianskis from Mr. Seymour. Probably I had a contract note for each one. I had a contract note for the transaction in respect of which I paid the £200. The first step I took in this prosecution was to lay an information. I could not say whether there is anything in that information about a contract note. I cannot remember what contract notes I got and what I did not. I understood that prisoner had always gone under the name of Green in this country. Miss Jeffs and I were at the Palladium one evening. He did not send us tickets, we met him there. He gave us compli
<lb/>mentary tickets on another occasion. We sometimes used them and sometimes gave them away. In every case when I paid him money I gave him a cheque, except with regard to the £29. I had more than one transaction with the Mining and Industrial Co. Only one sum of money was paid. One investment was substituted for another. I got documents of one kind or another in respect of the London Maikop and Gold Coast Rubber and Mahogany. I had the shares. The London Maikop were sold for me. The Gold Coast Rubber and Mahogany were not sold. The company was wound up, I think. About July, 1912, I read of prisoner's bankruptcy in "Stubb's Weekly Gazette." Just before that Mr. Murray communicated with me about</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010015"/>
<p>some Gold Coast Rubber and Mahogany shares which had been sold to me through prisoner, which were transferred from a client of Mr. Murray's. I understood at that time Murray was a chartered accoun
<lb/>tant. He did not tell me what his occupation really was. I suspected that prisoner's transactions with me were dishonest before I got Messrs. Osborn and Osborn's letter of October 22. My doctor told me about the value of the shares at the beginning of 1912. The £15 which I received from a patient, Mrs. O'Kelly, in June is not the only pay
<lb/>ment I received from her. I do not think that was the last payment. I did not keep my accounts very accurately then. I have heard that prisoner says that I paid him the £29 on June 27 and that he paid one of the £10 notes into his bank on July 3 and that that £10 note has been traced as coming from the account of Captain O'Kelly with Cox and Co., the bankers. That is a remarkable fact. It does not alter my story about the money being given to prisoner to buy shares. I had a receipt book, but we did not always use it. I must have sent a receipt to Mrs. O'Kelly. I always send my patients receipts. I cannot remember if I looked for that particular receipt. I cannot remember my conversation with the bank manager about borrowing money. I did not tell prisoner about the conversation. I told him the manager had agreed to advance the money on the deeds. I did not tell the bank manager I had purchased shares of Mr. Green. I told the manager I wanted the loan for general purposes and particu
<lb/>larly to help a friend. The friend was Miss Jeffs. With regard to the £30 which I lent prisoner, he gave me a post-dated cheque, but he kept on asking me to postpone cashing it. I got a post-dated cheque for the £25 loan. He gave me a cheque on October 6, dated November 14. I had no formal receipt for either of those loans. I cannot re
<lb/>member when I got the receipt for the £200. I got it within a day or two. Either Miss Jeffs or myself put it in the drawer. I cannot remember when I last saw it. As far as I remember, I handed every
<lb/>thing I had relating to Mr. Green to Mr. Murray in August, 1912. I did not make a list of the documents or take a receipt. We went over the papers together. I expect I looked to see if there was a re
<lb/>ceipt. Mr. Murray told me there was not one.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-44" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-44" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-44" type="surname" value="CASTLE"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-44" type="given" value="TRITTON"/>TRITTON CASTLE</persName> </hi>. On July 24, 1911, I was manager of the Ealing branch of the London County and Westminster Bank. In July, 1911, the bank lent Mrs. Faulder £200 upon the security of the lease of her house. To the best of my memory she first came to the bank to ask for the loan on July 7. That was the date she saw me.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Mrs. Faulder did not tell me she was drawing a cheque against that loan, as far as I remember. No doubt the £200 was placed to her debit to meet the £171 cheque. She said the loan was wanted to extend her home and particularly to help her friend, who, I understood, was the Matron or Head Nurse.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, April 2.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-45" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-45" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-45" type="surname" value="JEFFS"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-45" type="given" value="MAGGIE"/>MAGGIE JEFFS</persName> </hi>, certificated nurse, partner of Mrs. Faulder. About the end of 1910 I came in touch with prisoner through an advertise
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010016"/>
<p>of Richards, Jay and Co. I introduced prisoner to Mrs. Faulder towards the end of the year. I was present at an interview when some Chervanski shares were discussed. Prisoner said he would find out if the shares were all right, and who Mr. Seymour was. He telephoned that he had obtained control of all the shares in that company. He said the shares were good and advised Mrs. Faulder to buy more. He said he had found out that Mr. Seymour was all right. Mrs. Faulder said she had no money to buy shares then, and prisoner told her it was easy to raise money on her house from the bank. Mrs. Faulder saw prisoner two or three times. I was present when she drew a cheque for £171 and gave it to prisoner; it was given for the purpose of buying Chervanski shares. Money and notes to make up £200 were given to him. I heard from him that the shares were very good and were going up. Mrs. Faulder was ill in the early part of 1912. I telephoned prisoner and told him Mrs. Faulder was anxious to sell the shares to pay the bank. He said he would see me and look at the papers concerning the shares. He came and I gave him the papers. He took all but a few away. The documents I saw related to the Chervanski shares; I saw a stamped receipt, and I told defendant that the papers related to everything except the Premier and New Zealand. I last saw the Chervanski shares papers the day I gave them to him. At an interview in August, 1912, between prisoner, Mrs. Faulder and myself, prisoner asked if we had heard of what was going on. Mrs. Faulder said, "Yes, and she had heard that the shares were of no value." Prisoner said, "You have been misinformed." He did not suggest that the money had been lent to him. I first heard that suggestion in a letter in October.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I do not remember any particular things about her evidence that I discussed with Mrs. Faulder. I have no doubt that the cheque for £171 was written on July 5 nor that the £29 was paid on the same day. I remember Mrs. O'Kelly paying her account. There may have been a £10 note in that payment. I do not know when prisoner took offices at Finsbury Pavement. Mrs. Faulder told pri
<lb/>soner that the shares he had sold her were worthless. There was no question of paying Mrs. Faulder back. Prisoner said he would go and sell the shares in the City.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-46" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-46" type="surname" value="FORTESCUE"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-46" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK FORTESCUE</persName> </hi>, estate agent. I have the letting of offices at 88 and 89, Chancery Lane. On December 15, 1910, I let to prisoner, in the name of Seymour Green, on an agreement, three rooms on the fourth floor at £65 a year. The first rent was paid in the following May by cheque. The cheque was dishonoured and the rent was after
<lb/>wards paid in cash. I occasionally saw prisoner at the offices, once a week or once a fortnight. He carried on the business of the Mining and Industrial Corporation. I did not see him after about the end of June. The June quarter's rent was paid eventually by Mr. Abrahams. Prisoner had to obtain permission before he could assign or sub-let the premises. I had no knowledge of any business being transacted by him after June. There was no termination of the tenancy.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010017"/>
<p>Cross-examined. The cheque was drawn in the name of Green, and it was drawn by "Green," I think.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-47" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-47" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-47" type="surname" value="JACKSON"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-47" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM JACKSON</persName> </hi>, caretaker, 88 and 89, Chancery Lane. I know prisoner. The first time I saw him was when he came and looked at the offices on the fourth floor. He came again two or three days afterwards with another man. I saw him three or four times a week after that. Sometimes I saw them both together. The name of the business was the Mining and Industrial Corporation. I looked on prisoner as carrying on the business. He was there for four months or a little longer.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I could not say who carried on the business. There was another man very much like prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-48" type="surname" value="STANDS"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-48" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD STANDS</persName> </hi>, clerk, Aldersgate Street branch, Lloyds Bank. Prisoner had an account at our bank in the name of Sydney Green, Priory Road, South Hampstead. I produce a certified copy of his account from June 30, 1911, to December 30, 1911. The credit to his account on July 5 was £2 5s. 4d. On July 6 there was a payment in of £186 2s. 6d., made up of three cheques of £9 18s., £5 4s. 6d., and £171. The balance on September 8, 1911, was 15s.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. On November 21 there was a balance of £91 7s. Prisoner opened an account in 1909. On July 3 there is a credit for £10. That included one £10 note, No. 44233, September 17, 1909. I identify the note. It was paid into prisoner's account on July 3.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-49" type="surname" value="RICHMOND"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-49" type="given" value="FRANCIS HUGH"/>FRANCIS HUGH RICHMOND</persName> </hi>, clerk, Companies Department, Somerset House. I produce a copy of the share book of the Standard Oil Company of Maikop and Chervanski, Limited. Mrs. L. Faulder, of Montpelier House, Montpelier Road, Ealing, is the registered holder of 250 shares in the company in the return of December, 1911. I do not think she has ever held any other shares, so far as the file shows. That is the last return on the file.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-50" type="surname" value="COUSINS"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-50" type="given" value="HERBERT PURRER"/>HERBERT PURRER COUSINS</persName> </hi>, secretary, Standard Oil Company of Maikop and Chervanski, Ltd., 40, Eastcheap. I know a man named John Green. I produce the transfer book of the company. In July, 1911, John Green was the holder of 4,300 shares in the company. He has a balance now of 283. The first transfer was on June 6, 1911. On July 12 there is a transfer of 250 shares from John Green to Mrs. L. Faulder. The consideration is £25. I have only seen prisoner once; I know him as John Green's brother. He was introduced to me by John Green. Prisoner has never held any shares in my com
<lb/>pany. In 1910 the shares of the company were worth about 5s., par. In July, 1911, I do not think there was any market value for the shares. I find a transfer on October 24, 1912, of Mrs. Faulder's 250 shares at 6d. per share, and on October 9 another transfer of 500 shares at £6 5s.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. John Green is the transferror of the 250 shares belonging to Mrs. Faulder. The date of the transfer from John Green to Mrs. Faulder is July 12, 1911. At the end of 1910 and the beginning of 1911 the price of the shares was about 5s. per share.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010018"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-51" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-51" type="surname" value="BOYLE"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-51" type="given" value="GEORGE INGLIS"/>GEORGE INGLIS BOYLE</persName> </hi>, messenger, London Bankruptcy Court. I produce the file in bankruptcy of prisoner. He was adjudicated bankrupt on August 23, 1912. The petition was on June 12 and the receiving order on July 5. The liabilities were estimated at £1,366 8s. 8d. and the assets nil.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The adjudication was in the name of Sydney Green and was afterwards amended to Sydney Grunspan. Mrs. Faulder is returned as an unsecured creditor for £200.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WALTER HAMBROOK</hi>. On December 17 I saw prisoner at Priory Road, Hampstead. I had a warrant for his arrest. I said to him, "I believe your name is Sydney Grunspan or Green"; he replied "Yes." I told him I was a police officer. I said, "You are charged for that you, on or about July 5, 1911, at Ealing, being entrusted with certain property, to wit, a banker's cheque of £171 and £29 in money, of and belonging to Lillian Mary Faulder, unlaw
<lb/>fully and fraudulently converted the same to your own use." When I reached the name "Faulder," he said, "It is a lie." I then finished reading the warrant, and he said, "Yes, that is right; let me 'phone to my solicitor." I told him he would be conveyed to Ealing Police Station and would be able to communicate with his solicitor when he arrived there. On walking up the road, he said, "They heard what I said at the Bankruptcy Court; why did not they question me then?" He further said, "Mrs. Faulder heard what I said at the Bankruptcy Court; I told her there that she lent me the money; why did not she question me then; she has lent me £25, £30, and £50 at a time. I have never bought any shares for her in my life. She was a very great friend of mine. I did not think she would do this, but I expect she is very upset because none of the shares which she took up through me were any good, but I cannot help that." He was charged at Ealing Police Station and made no reply.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I am sure he said "I have never bought any shares for her in my life," and that he said "Some of the shares she took up through me were bad." I heard that Mrs. Faulder was cross-examined at the police court with regard to a £10 note being paid to prisoner. I know it was suggested that the bank note came from Cox's Bank from the account of Captain O'Kelly, and I have ascertained that that is correct.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-52" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-52" type="surname" value="RICHARDSON"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-52" type="given" value="VICTOR JAMES"/>VICTOR JAMES RICHARDSON</persName> </hi>, clerk, Cox's Bank. The £10 note (pro
<lb/>duced) was paid out by my bank on June 8, 1911, in payment of a cheque drawn by Captain O'Kelly, who keeps an account at our bank.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-53" type="surname" value="GRUNSPAN"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-53" type="given" value="SYDNEY"/>SYDNEY GRUNSPAN</persName> </hi> (prisoner on oath). I was born in Warsaw. I came to this country in 1902. I have used the name of Sydney Green since I came here. I have lived at 82, Priory Road, West Hampstead, four years. In 1910 I was employed at Messrs. Richards,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010019"/>
<p>Jay and Co. as a travelling commission agent. In that capacity I made the acquaintance of Miss Jeffs. I called upon her with refer
<lb/>ence to a purchase of shares. I invested certain moneys for Mrs. Faulder from time to time. I was not entrusted with £200 for the purpose of investment in Chervanski shares. It was a loan about June 26 or 27, 1911. Mrs. Faulder made an appointment with me about that date and we had tea at the Criterion Restaurant. I told her I would like to start in business myself, and I asked her whether she could lend me £200. She said she could. She said, "I have got with me about £29, and if you will call at my house I shall be pleased to give you the balance." About July 5 I called on Mrs. Faulder and she gave me a cheque for £171, which I paid into my bank on the following day. I never told her that the Chervanski shares were good and valuable shares. I never pretended that I had com
<lb/>plete control of the remaining shares. I never suggested that I re
<lb/>quired £200 for the purpose of paying for 800 shares in the com
<lb/>pany. I never pretended that I would make inquiries about one Seymour, from whom Mrs. Faulder had bought 250 shares, or that I had ascertained that Seymour was an honest and reliable person. I never gave any receipt for either the £29 or the £171. I never sold any Chervanski shares to Mrs. Faulder. I never examined any of her documents. The only document I saw was a letter from Richards, Jay and Co. The £10 note (produced) was paid into my account on July 3. I got it from Mrs. Faulder, part of the £29. I produce the agreement for my offices at Finsbury Pavement House, which I took on August 8, 1911. I did not send a receipt for £200 about July 5 from Finsbury Pavement House. I do not know Mr. Murray personally, but I know about him. I became bankrupt in July. I was in Paris at the time and came back to this country about August 16 or 17. After that I saw Mrs. Faulder and she said to me, "What about my guarantee for the £200?" I said, "Mrs. Faulder, I cannot give you a guarantee at the present moment for the £200."</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I do not suggest that Mrs. Faulder and Miss Jeffs are telling lies intentionally. They are telling untruths. I have not got any document to support my story with regard to the £200. I advised her to buy some shares. At the time I believed every share was good. I did not tell her my address was at Chancery Lane. I adopted the name of Green because I was with Messrs. Richards, Jay and Co., so that they should not know I was starting in business. I deny that I went to business almost daily at Chancery Lane. I handed the offices over to my brother at the beginning of January. I do not know why my brother used the name of Frederick Seymour. I did not know that my brother had any Chervanski shares. I first heard that my brother had been to see Mrs. Faulder about June and that she had purchased 250 Chervanski shares. I did not tell her Frederick Seymour was my brother, because I was not asked. It is absolutely untrue that I said I would find out all about Seymour. I never said that Seymour had done her an invaluable service. I did not know</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010020"/>
<p>till afterwards that she had borrowed money from the bank. I do not know whether she made up her mind to borrow that money on June 20, when she got the deeds of her house. I first asked her for the loan on the 26th. I did not pay her any interest nor give her any receipt. I did not discuss Chervanski shares with her at all, apart from the telephone conversation. I never said that Cher
<lb/>vanski shares were going up by leaps and bounds. I never looked at any papers at Mrs. Faulder's house. I told her in August that I was a bankrupt and she said to me, "What about the guarantee you gave me of the £200?" I never mentioned anything about Cher
<lb/>vanski shares. I never said, "Give me back the shares and I will sell them for you." She never asked me if I knew Mr. Seymour. I would certainly have told her he was my brother if I had been asked. I had the £200 to furnish my office and start business with.</p>
<rs id="t19130401-12-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-12-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-12-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<rs id="t19130401-12-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-12-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-12-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-19130401 t19130401-12-punishment-16"/>Twelve months' hard labour;</rs> recommended for expulsion under Aliens Act, 1905.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE RECORDER</hi>.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, April 2.)</p>
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<interp inst="t19130401-13" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130401"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-13" type="date" value="19130401"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-13-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-19130401 t19130401-13-offence-1 t19130401-13-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-13-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-13-19130401 t19130401-13-offence-1 t19130401-13-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-13-19130401" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-13-19130401" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19130401" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19130401" type="surname" value="BRYANT"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19130401" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19130401" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BRYANT</hi>, John (37, labourer)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-13-19130401" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-13-19130401" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-13-19130401" type="age" value="41"/>
<interp inst="def2-13-19130401" type="surname" value="CARPENTER"/>
<interp inst="def2-13-19130401" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def2-13-19130401" type="occupation" value="carpenter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CARPENTER</hi>, John (41, car
<rs id="t19130401-13-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-13-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-13-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19130401-13-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-13-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-13-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> </hi> of stealing one coat, the goods of
<persName id="t19130401-name-56" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-56" type="surname" value="PAIGE"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-56" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-13-offence-1 t19130401-name-56"/>William Paige</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Bryant confessed to having been convicted, at London Sessions, on November 7, 1911, in the name of John Hanley, of felony. Carpen
<lb/>ter confessed to having been convicted, at London Sessions, on Decem
<lb/>ber 3, 1912, of felony. Other convictions were proved.</p>
<rs id="t19130401-13-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-13-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-13-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-19130401 t19130401-13-punishment-17"/>Bryant, Twenty months' hard labour</rs>;
<rs id="t19130401-13-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-13-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-13-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-13-19130401 t19130401-13-punishment-18"/>Carpenter, Nine months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130401-14">
<interp inst="t19130401-14" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130401"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-14" type="date" value="19130401"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-14-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-19130401 t19130401-14-offence-1 t19130401-14-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-14-19130401" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-14-19130401" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19130401" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19130401" type="surname" value="GAVARRINO"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19130401" type="given" value="PIERRE"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19130401" type="occupation" value="waiter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GAVARRINO</hi>, Pierre (19, waiter)</persName>
<rs id="t19130401-14-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-14-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-14-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, forging and uttering, knowing the same to be forged, an order for the payment of 20s., with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Forster Boulton prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-58" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-58" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-58" type="surname" value="LECKIE"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-58" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH LECKIE</persName> </hi>. On November 28 I was living at 30, Ladbroke Square. Prisoner was a waiter there. On that day I purchased the postal-order (Exhibit 1). I filled in the payee's name, "V. MacLeod," and enclosed the order in a stamped envelope, which I securely fas
<lb/>tened, and addressed it to Miss MacLeod, Fernleigh, Lower Bourn, Farnham, Surrey. I either gave it to the prisoner or left it on a place where I always left my letters to be posted. I heard very soon that Miss MacLeod had not received my letter. The order seems to have been altered from "MacLeod" to "Max Leodon." Prisoner did not speak to me about it nor I to him. He was taken into custody three weeks afterwards.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-59" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-59" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-59" type="surname" value="CAUSTON"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-59" type="given" value="MARY"/>MARY CAUSTON</persName> </hi>, clerk, Post Office, 70, Oxford Street. I paid the postal order (Exhibit 1) on December 5. I queried the signature</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010021"/>
<p>at the time, but I could not get any satisfaction. I do not identify prisoner as the man to whom I paid the money.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-60" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-60" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-60" type="given" value="CLAUDE"/>CLAUDE WHITE</persName> </hi>. I am a police-constable attached to the General Post Office. I made inquiries with regard to Exhibit 1. I saw pri
<lb/>soner at 30, Ladbroke Square on February 22. I spoke to him in French. He made a statement to me in French. I wrote it down in English and read it to him in French. He said it was right and signed it. I showed him the postal order at the time. Statement read: "One day, I do not remember the month or the date, Miss Leckie gave me a letter to post. When I went out I placed it in my hip pocket and forgot all about it. A few days afterwards I found the letter, opened it, took out the letter, which I burnt, and kept the postal order, which I subsequently cashed at the Post Office, 70, Oxford Street. The clerk asked me something at the time I pre
<lb/>sented it, but I could not understand her, and before presenting the order, and whilst I was in the post office, I altered the word 'Mac' to 'Max' and 'Leod' to 'Leodon.' I am exceedingly sorry for what I have done and ask to be allowed to refund the money. I was hard up at the time, otherwise I should not have done it. I spent the money in buying clothes. I am employed as a house boy at 30, Ladbroke Square by Mrs. Petley. Miss Leckie is one of the lady boarders. I have only been at this address six months and in England seven months."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-61" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-61" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-61" type="surname" value="GAVARRINO"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-61" type="given" value="PIERRE"/>PIERRE GAVARRINO</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath). I was employed at 30, Ladbroke Square. One day Miss Leckie gave me the letter and told me to post it when I would be going out in the afternoon. I put it in the pocket of my coat behind. I do not know whether I went out on that day or not, but I forgot it. I only found it 10 or 12 days afterwards, absolutely crumpled and creased. I could not make out what it might be, and perhaps for the sake of curiosity or some other motive I opened it. I found inside that money order and I wished to return it to Miss Leckie personally, but I thought I might be reproached with it, and to send it on to the addressee I would have required another envelope, and I would have had to write an address, which would not have been in Miss Leckie's writing. I sent this money on to my girl cousin in Nice, and asked her to send me on two plants and a basket of fresh-cut flowers. The day before Christmas I received the basket of flowers. I went upstairs and found Miss Petley and Miss Leckie together. I offered the flowers to them and expressed regret that I had not recived the plants. I thought by giving those plants I had reimbursed the money. I did not think any further about the matter. I did not do it with a view to stealing, neither defrauding, only with a view to returning this money so that they might not notice it, and to avoid having any reproaches made.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">LECKIE</hi>, recalled. Prisoner told us his mother had sent the flowers. We thanked him for them.</p>
<rs id="t19130401-14-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-14-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-14-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010022"/>
<rs id="t19130401-14-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-14-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-14-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-19130401 t19130401-14-punishment-19"/>Prisoner was released on his own recognisances in £10 to come up for judgment when called upon;</rs> he undertook to leave this night for his home in Italy.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130401-15">
<interp inst="t19130401-15" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130401"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-15" type="date" value="19130401"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-15-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19130401 t19130401-15-offence-1 t19130401-15-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-15-19130401" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-15-19130401" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19130401" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19130401" type="surname" value="LESLIE"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19130401" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19130401" type="occupation" value="engineer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LESLIE</hi>, Arthur (28, engineer)</persName>
<rs id="t19130401-15-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-15-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-15-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, forging and uttering, knowing the same to be forged, a certain endorsement on an order for payment of £31, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Sydney E. Williams prosecuted; Mr. Curtis Bennett defended.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-63" type="surname" value="CORNISH"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-63" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR CORNISH</persName> </hi>, cashier, Barclay's Bank, 54, Lombard Street. On March 25 about 12.30 mid-day prisoner presented the cheque (Ex
<lb/>hibit 1) for payment. I looked at it carefully. I did not like the "opening." I thought I could detect signs that it had been traced. Prisoner said, "That is not my name," meaning the endorsement on the back, "I got it at the races" (I think he said "Epsom"), "in part payment of a bet." I then referred the matter to the directors and communicated with Messrs. Hitchcock, Williams and Co. on the tele
<lb/>phone. Mr. Fred Williams came. We sent for two detectives and he was taken into custody.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I may have asked prisoner, "How did you come by this cheque?" He might have said he got it at Kempton. When I told prisoner to wait, as I was going to telephone our customer, he made no attempt to leave.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-64" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-64" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-64" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-64" type="given" value="FREDERICK GEORGE"/>FREDERICK GEORGE WILLIAMS</persName> </hi>, of Hitchcock, Williams and Co. The cheque (Exhibit 1) was signed by me on March 19. It was payable to R. Cornell, Limited. It was not an open cheque. The writing on the face of the cheque is a very good forgery.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I do not know prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-65" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-65" type="surname" value="HIGGINS"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-65" type="given" value="PRICE"/>PRICE HIGGINS</persName> </hi>, clerk to Hitchcock, Williams and Co. I addressed the envelope to R. Cornell, Limited, and placed the cheque in the enve
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-66" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-66" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-66" type="surname" value="MILL"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-66" type="given" value="DAVID JAMES"/>DAVID JAMES MILL</persName> </hi>, of R. Cornell, Limited. About March 20 Messrs. Hitchcock, Williams and Co. owed us £31. We did not receive the cheque (Exhibit 1). It has not been endorsed by me. No one else has authority to endorse cheques.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HUGH MACLEAN</hi>. About 1.15 p.m. on March 25, in consequences of a communication, I went to Barclay's Bank, where I saw prisoner. I told him I was a police officer and had been in
<lb/>formed that he had just shortly before presented this cheque, which I showed him, and had been informed that it was forged. He said, "This cheque was given me in part payment of a bet at Epsom, I mean Kempton, races yesterday." There were some races at Kemp
<lb/>ton on Monday, the 24th, but none at Epsom. "I was betting with a man named R. Smith, a bookmaker of Canning Town. I gave him £12 for a bet on Himalaya at 10 to 1; that would be £120 I had to come." He really should have had £132 to come. "He gave me this cheque and nothing else. I made a row about it, and he said he was stumped, he had had a bad race. He gave me his card, but I have lost it. Smith is a man about 5 ft. 8 in., with a dark heavy moustache, and was in the outside ring on the course. After I came</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010023"/>
<p>back from the races I told my landlady I had got a cheque from a bookmaker and was going to cash it this morning." He made no reply when charged. On being searched, in his possession I found 8d. in money and a slip of paper upon which is written the names of three horses that were running at Kempton Park on the 24th. One of which is Himalaya, and it says "£12 to win." A horse called Himalaya was running at Kempton Park on Monday, 24th, and it did win, and the starting-price was 10 to 1.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-67" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-67" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-67" type="surname" value="RISTONG"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-67" type="given" value="KATE"/>KATE RISTONG</persName> </hi>, 41, Ampthill Square, Hampstead Road. Prisoner was my lodger. On March 24 he left my house between 8 and 9. He returned at night. The previous Saturday he owed three weeks' rent. He told me he should see me on the Monday, but I did not see him. He came in on Monday night, I am quite sure. I saw him go up the stairs. It was after 12. He did not give me any explanation how he was going to pay the 24s. he owed. I did not ask him. He usually paid once a week.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner has been a lodger of mine about a year. I have got a little girl. She always called prisoner or took up his tea before she went to school. On the Thursday evening after I heard of prisoner's arrest my little girl told me he had given her a message to give to me. She said he called her to the room and told her to tell me he had a cheque and would pay me when he came home. She told me she had forgotten to tell me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-68" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-68" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-68" type="surname" value="LESLIE"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-68" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR LESLIE</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I have been living at last witness's house for nearly a year. I have been employed as a clerk to the Auto-car Supply Company, Wetherby Mews, Earl's Court. On March 20 I went to Folkestone with the manager of that firm. I returned on the Saturday night. On Monday, Bank Holiday, I went to Kempton races. I went into the outside ring, where the great majority of bookmakers are. I had a tip to back a certain horse for all I was worth. When I got that tip I wrote down the names of three horses upon the piece of paper which Inspector Maclean read from. I put £12 in gold upon Himalaya for the two o'clock race at 10 to 1. The horse won. All I got was the cheque for £31. The bookmaker had "R. Smith, Canning Town," round his hat. I had never seen him before. I did not touch the cheque in any way after I received it. I went home that night to my lodgings, and next morning gave a message to the little girl to tell my landlady that I had got a cheque and would pay her when I came in. I went to the bank for the purpose of cashing the cheque. When the cashier looked at the cheque he said, "Is this your name?" I said "No." He said, "Where did you get this cheque?" I said I received it in part payment of a bet at Kempton. I had no idea that it was a forged cheque.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I owed 24s. on that day to my landlady. The reason I had £12 in my possession and did not pay her was that I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010024"/>
<p>had this tip and collected as much money as I could possibly get together to put on this very horse. I put the money on in confidence that I should be paid. I was on a racecourse once before. I wrote the paper on Easter Monday, the 24th, on Kempton Park racecourse. I got the tip from Epsom by letter about a fortnight before the race came off. I wrote it down because I like to know what I have backed. I was entitled to £120 and my own money back. I do not know Canning Town. I have not had the opportunity to try and find R. Smith.</p>
<p>(Thursday, April 3.)</p>
<rs id="t19130401-15-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-15-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-15-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, April 2.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130401-16">
<interp inst="t19130401-16" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130401"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-16" type="date" value="19130401"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-16-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-19130401 t19130401-16-offence-1 t19130401-16-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-16-19130401" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-16-19130401" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19130401" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19130401" type="given" value="FRANCIS JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BROWN</hi>, Francis John</persName>
<rs id="t19130401-16-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-16-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-16-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19130401-16-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-16-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-16-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> </hi> of feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19130401-name-70" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-70" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-70" type="surname" value="BORRETT"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-70" type="given" value="ETHEL MAUD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-16-offence-1 t19130401-name-70"/>Ethel Maud Borrett</persName>, his former wife being then alive.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner was stated to be a man of very good character. His first wife had deserted him. The bigamous wife stated that she had mar
<lb/>ried prisoner believing him to be a widower, but he had treated her very well.</p>
<rs id="t19130401-16-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-16-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-16-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-19130401 t19130401-16-punishment-20"/>Two days' imprisonment</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130401-17">
<interp inst="t19130401-17" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130401"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-17" type="date" value="19130401"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-17-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-19130401 t19130401-17-offence-1 t19130401-17-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-17-19130401" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-17-19130401" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19130401" type="age" value="52"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19130401" type="surname" value="FIELDER"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19130401" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19130401" type="occupation" value="paperhanger"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FIELDER</hi>, William (52, paperhanger)</persName>
<rs id="t19130401-17-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-17-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-17-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="extortion"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19130401-17-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-17-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-17-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> </hi> of feloniously demanding with menaces from
<persName id="t19130401-name-72" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-72" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-72" type="surname" value="SANSUM"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-72" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-17-offence-1 t19130401-name-72"/>Eliza Sansum</persName> 2s. with intent to steal the same.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner confessed to having been convicted, at Middlesex Sessions, on September 29, 1906, receiving seven years' penal servitude, for cutting and severing fixtures with intent to steal same. 20 other previous convictions, commencing in 1892, as suspected person, steal
<lb/>ing, etc., were proved, also eight summary convictions. Prisoner was last discharged from prison on October 18, 1912, with a remnant of the sentence of seven years' penal servitude to serve.</p>
<rs id="t19130401-17-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-17-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-17-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-19130401 t19130401-17-punishment-21"/>Twelve months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130401-18">
<interp inst="t19130401-18" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130401"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-18" type="date" value="19130401"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-18-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-19130401 t19130401-18-offence-1 t19130401-18-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-18-19130401" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-18-19130401" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19130401" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19130401" type="surname" value="DAVIES"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19130401" type="given" value="LEONARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19130401" type="occupation" value="messenger"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DAVIES</hi>, Leonard (17, messenger)</persName>
<rs id="t19130401-18-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-18-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-18-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19130401-18-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-18-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-18-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> </hi> of stealing £2 9s. 9d., the moneys of
<persName id="t19130401-name-74" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-74" type="surname" value="PARTON"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-74" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-18-offence-1 t19130401-name-74"/>William Parton</persName>, Limited, his masters.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner was convicted at Brentford Police Court on March 20, 1912, of attempted housebreaking and bound over on probation for two years. The probation officer at that court stated that he had got prisoner employment, but could do nothing with him.</p>
<rs id="t19130401-18-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-18-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-18-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="otherInstitution"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-19130401 t19130401-18-punishment-22"/>Eighteen months' detention in a Borstal institution.</rs> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010025"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MR. JUSTICE LUSH</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, April 3.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130401-19">
<interp inst="t19130401-19" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130401"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-19" type="date" value="19130401"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-19-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-19-19130401 t19130401-19-offence-1 t19130401-19-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-19-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-19-19130401 t19130401-19-offence-2 t19130401-19-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-19-19130401" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-19-19130401" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19130401" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19130401" type="surname" value="HOCKIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19130401" type="given" value="OLIVE"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19130401" type="occupation" value=""/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HOCKIN</hi>, Olive (32)</persName>
<rs id="t19130401-19-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-19-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="damage"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-19-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="arson"/>, conspiring with others unknown to feloniously set fire to a building and certain matters and things therein, the pro
<lb/>perty of the
<persName id="t19130401-name-76" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-76" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-19-offence-1 t19130401-name-76"/>Roehampton Club, Limited,</persName> </rs> and
<rs id="t19130401-19-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-19-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="damage"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-19-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>to commit certain other offences against the Malicious Damage Act, 1861, and placing in a post office letter-box a certain fluid.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Bodkin and Mr. Travers Humphreys prosecuted; Mr. Muir defended.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MARIAN A. HALL</hi>. I am caretaker at 28, Campden Hill Gar
<lb/>dens, W.; prisoner, with another lady, occupied a studio there. On February 25 in the afternoon I noticed a piece of green cord with a flat piece of iron being swung from prisoner's window. About 7.30 p.m. a motor-car drove up and waited outside for some time. Some wraps were taken inside and some wooden poles were strapped on to the out
<lb/>side. About 10.30 the car left with some ladies; I think prisoner was one. In the early morning about four o'clock I heard the front door bang and someone went upstairs. That morning I went to pri
<lb/>soner's flat at my usual time, quarter to seven; prisoner came to the door and told me her fire was already alight; that was not usual. I told her I thought I had heard someone come in during the night; she said, "She was sorry if she disturbed me, but the lady did not understand the door." That morning there were two pairs of ladies' boots to clean; that was not usual; one was not prisoner's. The boots had mud and grass on them. I remember reading a newspaper report of a fire at the Roehampton pavilion. On February 26 about 7.30 a young woman called on prisoner; she had with her a gentle
<lb/>man's dressing-case similar to Exhibit 41; shortly afterwards another woman called with a similar bag. About ten o'clock prisoner asked me for a little milk "because a young lady might be staying there that evening, she was not quite sure"; she said that she herself was going to sleep at her mother's. I think the two women left about ten. Prisoner went out alone. I saw her next day at lunch time. I gave her the front-door key, which my husband had found on the top of the area steps; she said most likely the young lady had left it there for her. I am certain that nobody stayed in prisoner's flat that night. Just previously to this I had seen in the flat a small bundle of shav
<lb/>ings; some cotton wool; some candles similar to Exhibit 24; the little electric torch (Exhibit 42); the bottle (Exhibit 43); and the tin oil cans (Exhibits 4 and 44). Prisoner's flat was heated and lit by gas. I have also seen there some pails similar to Exhibit 22, some wooden poles; a bag containing flints (Exhibit 11); some bottles containing a dark fluid (Exhibits 15, 16, 17, and 19); the motor-car number plates (Exhibit 21); and a basket with various tools. In the floor of pri
<lb/>soner's studio there was a board loose. (Cross-examination post
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010026"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-77" type="surname" value="WILLCOX"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-77" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY WILLCOX</persName> </hi>, Senior Scientific Analyst to the Home Office. I have examined the envelopes (Exhibits 53, 54, and 55), a bottle (Exhibit 52), and some paper (Exhibit 52a). Exhibit 52 con
<lb/>tained some dark red fluid, which on analysis I found to be a solution of permanganate of potash; this is an oxidising agent, and if poured upon anything will turn it to a brown colour; Exhibits 53, 54, 55, and 52a are apparently stained with this fluid. I examined Exhibits 15, 16, 17, and 18; they had contained similar fluid, that in the latter two being strengthened with Indian ink.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. From the remains of the labels on the bottles they may have been purchased from Maw and Sons, chemists.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DAVID PRAIN</hi>, K.C.I.E., M.B., F.R.S., Director of the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, said that the Gardens were the property of His Majesty, the public being admitted under certain regulations.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-78" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-78" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-78" type="given" value="ALFRED ERNEST"/>ALFRED ERNEST WOOD</persName> </hi>, of the Local Government Board, produced the official list of index motor marks up to date; there was no mark "L.R."</p>
<p>(Friday, April 4.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MARIAN A. HALL</hi>, recalled, cross-examined. Prisoner followed her occupation as an artist quite seriously; she has exhibited at the Royal Academy.</p>
<p>(Mr. Muir stated that he could prove that the night of the 26th pri
<lb/>soner spent at her mother's place. Mr. Bodkin said that he would not dispute that prisoner was not herself at Roehampton on this night.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-79" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-79" type="surname" value="PARMENTER"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-79" type="given" value="OLIVER"/>OLIVER PARMENTER</persName> </hi>, Priory Lodge, Upper Richmond Road, Roe
<lb/>hampton, said that about 9.35 p.m. on February 26, he was in the grounds of Priory Lodge, when he saw two ladies coming from the direction of Richmond towards Priory Lane, each carrying a bag similar to a gentleman's suit-case. They turned up in the direction of the Roehampton grounds, and about ten minutes afterwards he heard a whistle blown from the direction of the pavilion.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE RILEY</hi>, New Scotland Yard, proved a plan of the ground of the Roehampton Club with the croquet pavilion.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-80" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-80" type="surname" value="SLAYMAKER"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-80" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE SLAYMAKER</persName> </hi>, cowman, said he occupied a small house on the east side of Priory Lane. About 9.40 on February 26, while sitting indoors, he heard a police-whistle blown. He went out and heard a man's voice calling out, "Stop them." He then heard someone clambering over the fence which separated his garden from the Roe
<lb/>hampton Club. He saw two ladies running down Priory Lane in the Richmond direction. They were going at the pace of a lady running to catch a bus; that is, at a decent trot. He went into the road to look; one of the ladies he lost sight of and the other entered a motor-bus.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-81" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-81" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-81" type="surname" value="COHAIN"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-81" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS COHAIN</persName> </hi>, night watchman, employed at the Roehampton Club, said that in patrolling the grounds of the club on the night of February 26, at about 9.45 he was near the pavilion and heard some one running up to it from underneath the verandah. He turned</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010027"/>
<p>his lantern up and saw two dark objects, but he could not see whether they were men or women. They turned to the right of the pavilion towards Priory Lane and disappeared in the darkness. He could not see which way they turned. He blew his whistle and he next heard a sound as of someone trying to get over the fence into Priory Lane. He heard no sound which would indicate to which sex they belonged. He met the head groundsman about 200 yards from his cottage and informed him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-82" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-82" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-82" type="surname" value="WORLD"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-82" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK WORLD</persName> </hi>, head groundsman at Roehampton Club, said that on this night he heard a whistle blown and went out and met Co
<lb/>hain. He, with Cohain, found the two brown suit cases (produced) under a tree.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOSEPH ALLEN</hi>, 514 V, said that he was called on this night by World to go to his cottage. He opened the smaller bag (Exhibit 41) and found in it two full bottles of paraffin (Exhibits 45 and 46), some old newspapers (Exhibit 47), a bundle of cottonwool, and also three newspapers (Exhibits 35, 36, and 37). He took the bag, which he opened, and the one which he did not open to the police station. There the larger one was forced open and in it he found a hammer (Exhibit 48), a gallon tin of paraffin (Exhibit 44), a bottle of paraffin (Exhibit 49), a small tin of rape oil (Exhibit 50), some fire-lighters, a quantity of firewood, a quantity of lamp wick, five pieces of candle (Exhibit 24), cotton wool, a celluloid box (all produced and identified).</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-83" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-83" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-83" type="surname" value="ARNOLD"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-83" type="given" value="HARRY GEORGE"/>HARRY GEORGE ARNOLD</persName> </hi>, secretary, Roehampton Club. The croquet pavilion was the property of the club and of the value of about £1,000; the furniture was of the value of about £400.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-84" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-84" type="surname" value="ASHTON"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-84" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED H. ASHTON</persName> </hi>, newsagent, said that he supplied newspapers to prisoner. On Exhibit 35 he found written "Miss Hocking, 28, Campden Hill Gardens," and it was in the writing of witness, as also the writing on Exhibits 36 and 37. The bill produced was his bill to pri
<lb/>soner, who was a customer of his.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-85" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-85" type="surname" value="SLATER"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-85" type="given" value="PERCY"/>PERCY SLATER</persName> </hi>, newsvendor, said that he had delivered newspapers to prisoner, and he delivered the three papers (Exhibits 35, 36, and 37), the writing on which he recognised.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-86" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-86" type="surname" value="RAYMENT"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-86" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK RAYMENT</persName> </hi>, stoker at Kew Gardens, said that on this night he was on duty and had to attend to some orchid houses. He visited the houses for the last time about 12.45 in the early morning of February 8 and he found everything then correct. He visited them again at four o'clock in the morning, and he found that some 38 squares of glass had been broken in each of the houses. They had been entered by somebody, and inside he found a number of orchids which had been pulled out of their pots, and with regard to which some of the blooms had been torn off. In No. 13a he found a small bag and a number of pieces of iron (Exhibit No. 58). In one of the houses he saw a lady's handkerchief.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The glass, which had been broken with a hammer or stick, was within reach of a person standing up.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010028"/>
<p>Evidence was given by the Curator of the Royal Botanic Gardens as to the damage done to the plants, which he put at about £150.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-87" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-87" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-87" type="surname" value="SOUTH"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-87" type="given" value="WILFRED"/>WILFRED SOUTH</persName> </hi>, inspector of the engineering department, General Post Office, stationed at Birmingham, said that in consequence of some information which he received, he went on February 8 to Shirley, about eight miles from Birmingham, and there found that five telegraph wires had been cut. On the ground underneath the place where the wires had been cut he found the cutter (Exhibit 40), and at the West London Police Court he unscrewed it from a pole, which was handed to him for the purpose. This description of cutter was not used in the Post Office service.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ERNEST MOLE</hi>, New Scotland Yard, said that on March 12 he kept observation on No. 28, Campden Hill Gardens, where prisoner lived. About 10.55 a.m. he saw her in Campden Hill Gar
<lb/>dens walking with her bicycle. She went into High Street, Notting Hill Gate. He followed her on foot and lost sight of her as she turned into Ladbroke Grove, when she was riding her bicycle. He went into Ladbroke Grove, but she had disappeared. He then went back in the direction from which he had come to Holland Park Avenue. About 40 yards from the corner, outside the sub-post office, No. 6, Ladbroke Grove, he noticed some brownish fluid trickling from the pillar-box on the pavement there. A postman named Davis cleared the box at 11.30 and took from it the bottle (Exhibit 52), enclosed in the enve
<lb/>lope (Exhibit 52a). The bottle had the cork out and the contents had run over some of the letters and stained them. The bottle had been identified as identical with Exhibits 15 and 16 found in the studio.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. He only lost sight of prisoner for half a second as she turned into High Street, Notting Hill Gate. She was 60 yards from Ladbroke Grove when he first saw her mounted on her bicycle. After he finally lost sight of her it would be a quarter of an hour when he noticed the liquid coming out of the pillar box.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-88" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-88" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-88" type="given" value="AARON SAMPSON"/>AARON SAMPSON DAVIS</persName> </hi>, postman, attached to Notting Hill Post Office, said that he cleared the pillar-box outside No. 6, Ladbroke Grove, at 11.30 a.m. on March 12 and while doing so found inside of it a bottle in an envelope together with eight letters and one newspaper, all of which had upon them a brown stain.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-89" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-89" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-89" type="surname" value="HUME"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-89" type="given" value="GEORGE WILLIAM"/>GEORGE WILLIAM HUME</persName> </hi>, overseer of Notting Hill Gate sorting box, said that Davis handed him the bottle, letters, and newspaper, and the letters and newspaper had been duly forwarded to the persons whose names appeared on them, three of the envelopes being sent back again; these he identified as Exhibits 53, 54, and 55.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES MCBRIEN</hi>, New Scotland Yard, said that on March 4 he went with a search warrant and entered the studio, 28, Campden Hill Gardens. He found there five cutters similar to the pair produced (Exhibit No. 1), and each had a cord attached to it. He also found a green silk ribbon (Exhibit No. 2), and on it the words "No security by post or wire till justice be done to women." He also found a coloured sash in the colours of the W.S.P.U., namely, green, violet, and white.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010029"/>
<p>It bore the inscription "Votes for Women." He also found a tin of paraffin (Exhibit No. 4), a bundle of fire-lighters, and a number of tools (identified). He also found a quantity of cords, a green one and two white ones, and attached to each they had screw-nuts, which were identical with the screw-nuts on the top of the wooden pole produced. He also found a number of bottles; Exhibits 12, 13, and 14 were speci
<lb/>mens of them. He found four with a dark fluid in them. He also found a bundle of suffrage flags (Exhibit 19), a motor-car license (Exhibit 20) issued to "Miss Hocking," and the motor-car numbers (produced). He also found two bundles of iron rods and wooden rods from 6 to 7 ft. long, the iron ones being adapted to screwing into one another; also a piece of candle (Exhibit 24), a quantity of literature connected with the W.S.P.U., a letter (Exhibit No. 26) signed "E. Pankhurst," a scientific instrument for measuring articles at a height from the ground, a piece of card with some writing upon it and with some rust marks on it as if it had been rubbing against iron; a violet card, called "Workers' member's card of the W.S.P.U." He also found in a brown rush bag some pole climbers (Exhibit 38). When he had completed his search he said to prisoner, "How do you account for these articles?" She said, "They do not belong to me; they have been left here by friends." On March 12 he received a warrant to arrest prisoner. When he read it to her she said, "I think I will be able to prove that I was not at Roehampton on that particular evening." At the police station, when charged, she said, "My mother will be able to prove that I was not there." Having executed the warrant, the same evening he went to the studio and there found all the things produced in court except those found in the two bags at Roehampton and the cutter, which was brought by the witness from Birmingham. On March 12 he found beneath the floor of the studio three cutting imple
<lb/>ments with string attached to one (Exhibit 1).</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-90" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-90" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-90" type="surname" value="GILMORE"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-90" type="given" value="DONALD"/>DONALD GILMORE</persName> </hi>, assistant picture frame-maker, 159, High Street, Notting Hill Gate, produced a bill for work done for prisoner, which was paid by her to him on March 12 between 11 and 11.15 a.m.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-91" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-91" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-91" type="surname" value="COOKSLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-91" type="given" value="WINIFRED"/>WINIFRED COOKSLEY</persName> </hi>, manageress to Eastman and Son, dyers and cleaners, High Street, Notting Hill Gate, identified prisoner as the lady who left a coat and a table cover to be cleaned on March 12 about 11 a.m.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-92" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-92" type="surname" value="BATTERSBY"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-92" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK BATTERSBY</persName> </hi>, cycle agent, 3, Ladbroke Grove, said that he remembered prisoner bringing her bicycle to his shop to be repaired on March 12 just after 11 a.m. She was in the shop five or ten minutes.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-93" type="surname" value="KENNETH"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-93" type="given" value="RICHMOND"/>RICHMOND KENNETH</persName> </hi>, head master of West Heath School, Hampstead, said that he dined with prisoner at her studio on February 7 at seven o'clock and left about 10.30. No other person beside himself and pri
<lb/>soner was in the studio between those hours.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010030"/>
<p>Cross-examined. He did not recognise any of the articles which had been produced in court as having been in the studio on the evening he was there.</p>
<rs id="t19130401-19-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-19-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-19-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty of conspiracy to set fire to property of Roehampton Club, Limited</rs>,
<rs id="t19130401-19-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-19-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-19-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty of other offences.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19130401-19-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-19-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-19-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-19-19130401 t19130401-19-punishment-23"/>Four months' imprisonment, second division;</rs> ordered to pay half the whole costs of the prosecution.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE RECORDER</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, April 3.)</p>
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<interp inst="t19130401-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130401"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-20" type="date" value="19130401"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-20-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-19130401 t19130401-20-offence-1 t19130401-20-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-20-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-20-19130401 t19130401-20-offence-1 t19130401-20-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-20-19130401" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-20-19130401" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19130401" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19130401" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19130401" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19130401" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERTS</hi>, James (24, labourer)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-20-19130401" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-20-19130401" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-20-19130401" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def2-20-19130401" type="surname" value="ELDRIDGE"/>
<interp inst="def2-20-19130401" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def2-20-19130401" type="occupation" value="shoemaker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELDRIDGE</hi>, William (22, shoemaker)</persName>
<rs id="t19130401-20-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-20-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-20-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19130401-20-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-20-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-20-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> </hi> of breaking and entering a certain meeting-house, to wit, the
<persName id="t19130401-name-96" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-96" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-20-offence-1 t19130401-name-96"/>Congregational Church</persName>,
<placeName id="t19130401-geo-1">
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-20-offence-1 t19130401-geo-1"/>Bethnal Green Road</placeName>, and stealing therein one magic lantern and other articles, the goods of
<persName id="t19130401-name-97" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-97" type="surname" value="RATTARY"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-97" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-20-offence-1 t19130401-name-97"/>John Rattary</persName> and others, and feloniously receiving the same.</rs> </p>
<p>Roberts confessed to having been convicted, at London Sessions, on February 9, 1909, in the name of John Andrews, of felony. Eld
<lb/>ridge confessed to having been convicted, at London Sessions, on January 23, 1912, of felony. Other convictions were proved.</p>
<rs id="t19130401-20-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-20-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-20-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-19130401 t19130401-20-punishment-24"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-20-19130401 t19130401-20-punishment-24"/>(each): Eighteen months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130401-21">
<interp inst="t19130401-21" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130401"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-21" type="date" value="19130401"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-21-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-19130401 t19130401-21-offence-1 t19130401-21-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-21-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-19130401 t19130401-21-offence-2 t19130401-21-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-21-19130401" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-21-19130401" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19130401" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19130401" type="surname" value="PERUTELLI"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19130401" type="given" value="REVIGNA ADELINA"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19130401" type="occupation" value="saleswoman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PERUTELLI</hi>, Revigna Adelina (23, saleswoman)</persName>
<rs id="t19130401-21-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-21-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-21-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19130401-21-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-21-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-21-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> </hi> of stealing two pairs of boots and other articles, the goods of
<persName id="t19130401-name-99" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-99" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-21-offence-1 t19130401-name-99"/> W. Abbott and Sons, Limited</persName>, her employers, and feloniously receiving the same; </rs>
<rs id="t19130401-21-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-21-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-21-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>stealing nine pairs of boots and other articles, the goods of W. Abbott and Sons, Limited, her employers, and feloniously receiving the same.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner confessed to having been convicted, at Marylebone Police Court, on September 26, 1908, in the name of Winnie Perutelli, of felony.</p>
<rs id="t19130401-21-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-21-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-21-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-19130401 t19130401-21-punishment-25"/>Six months' imprisonment, second division, in respect of each offence, to run concurrently.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130401-22">
<interp inst="t19130401-22" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130401"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-22" type="date" value="19130401"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-22-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-19130401 t19130401-22-offence-1 t19130401-22-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-22-19130401" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-22-19130401" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19130401" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19130401" type="surname" value="MYERS"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19130401" type="given" value="MORICE"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19130401" type="occupation" value="steward"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MYERS</hi>, Morice (22, steward)</persName>
<rs id="t19130401-22-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-22-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-22-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19130401-22-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-22-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-22-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> </hi> of robbery with vio
<lb/>lence upon
<persName id="t19130401-name-101" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-101" type="surname" value="ROGERS"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-101" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-22-offence-1 t19130401-name-101"/>Alfred Rogers</persName>, and stealing from his person 8s. 6d., his moneys.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner confessed to having been convicted, at Liverpool Assizes, on October 31, 1911, in the name of Morris Myers, of felony, and other convictions were proved.</p>
<rs id="t19130401-22-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-22-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-22-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-19130401 t19130401-22-punishment-26"/>Fifteen months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19130401-23" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130401"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-23" type="date" value="19130401"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-23-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-19130401 t19130401-23-offence-1 t19130401-23-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-23-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-19130401 t19130401-23-offence-2 t19130401-23-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-23-19130401" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-23-19130401" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19130401" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19130401" type="surname" value="OLLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19130401" type="given" value="MABEL"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19130401" type="occupation" value="servant"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLLEY</hi>, Mabel (20, servant)</persName>
<rs id="t19130401-23-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-23-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-23-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19130401-23-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-23-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-23-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> </hi> of forging and uttering, knowing the same to be forged, an order for payment of £20, with intent to defraud;</rs>
<rs id="t19130401-23-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-23-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-23-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>stealing one piece of paper, the goods of
<persName id="t19130401-name-103" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-103" type="surname" value="CAVANAGH"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-103" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-23-offence-2 t19130401-name-103"/>John Cavanagh</persName>, and feloniously receiving the same.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19130401-23-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-23-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-23-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-19130401 t19130401-23-punishment-27"/>Four days' imprisonment in respect of each offence, to run concurrently.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130401-24">
<interp inst="t19130401-24" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130401"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-24" type="date" value="19130401"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-24-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-24-19130401 t19130401-24-offence-1 t19130401-24-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010031"/>
<persName id="def1-24-19130401" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-24-19130401" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19130401" type="age" value="58"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19130401" type="surname" value="NEWMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19130401" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19130401" type="occupation" value="hotel keeper"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEWMAN</hi>, Henry (58, hotel keeper)</persName>
<rs id="t19130401-24-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-24-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-24-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t19130401-name-105" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-105" type="surname" value="GEAL"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-105" type="given" value="ERNEST JOHN MONTAGUE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-24-offence-1 t19130401-name-105"/>Ernest John Montague Geal</persName> the several sums of £1 and £4, from
<persName id="t19130401-name-106" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-106" type="surname" value="KNIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-106" type="given" value="FREDERICK WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-24-offence-1 t19130401-name-106"/>Frederick William Knight</persName> the sum of £1, and attempting to obtain from
<persName id="t19130401-name-107" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-107" type="surname" value="HOSKINS"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-107" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-24-offence-1 t19130401-name-107"/>Joseph Hoskins</persName> the sum of £5, in each case with intent to de
<lb/>fraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Menzies prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-108" type="surname" value="GEAL"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-108" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST J. M. GEAL</persName> </hi>, 20, Queen's Street, Camden Road, coffee stall assistant. I answered an advertisement in the "Daily Chronicle" of February 18: "Man and wife as managers of coffee dining-rooms, cash security, address 6, Coptic Street, Oxford Street." Prisoner came and told me he was looking out for a man and wife to take over a coffee shop at 157, East India Dock Road, as he did not understand the business. He wanted £15 cash security. The wages were to be 10s. a week for the first month, 15s. for the second, and £1 a week afterwards. I agreed to give £5 cash and £10 other security. I met him by appointment and went to see the premises. They were un
<lb/>occupied. He looked through the letter-box and tried to get his hand through. He said, "I suppose you would not be satisfied by seeing the outside of the premises." I said, "No; I should like to see the inside." He then went over to the agent's to get the key. We then went inside. The only fittings were the seats. He said he had provided all the utensils and had taken the shop. I paid him £1 and took his receipt on February 22. On February 26 he came to my stall at King's Cross, and on the 27th we went to a small office at 22, Philpot Lane, E.C. On the table was a note saying "Will be back at 1.30." We went out and returned in half an hour. There was still no one there. I said to him, "Cannot we manage this business between ourselvs?" and he pulled out a foolscap paper and copied the agreement (Exhibit 18) from it. I signed it and paid £4. He said the money was to show that I had an interest in the business. He said he had put £10 security in the agreement, but I need not take any notice of that; that was between ourselves. I was not to be exactly a partner; I was to take over the management of the business. On February 28 or 29 he told me not to give notice to leave my job as he had not properly settled the matter. I never saw him again, and never got my money back. In consequence of something I heard I informed the police.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by prisoner. A week after you last came to the stall Knight told me he had answered the same advertisement that I had. There was a name on the door at 22, Philpot Lane, but I did not notice what it was. I did not see the name of "Compton."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-109" type="surname" value="KNIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-109" type="given" value="FREDERICK WILLIAM"/>FREDERICK WILLIAM KNIGHT</persName> </hi>, 2, Len Street, Hampstead Road. I answered the advertisement in the "Daily Chronicle" and called at 6, Coptic Street, at prisoner's request. The landlord told me he was not up. I left a message for him, and he called the same day at Lower Belgrave Street, where I work. I told him I would see him later in the day. I met him outside the "Horseshoe." I said I could afford to give £10 security, but should like to see the premises before I came to any agreement. I saw the premises on the following</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010032"/>
<p>Saturday. I was satisfied with them. I was to manage the place and live there. He said he would sent two men to do the place up. I paid him £1 on account and took his receipt. He said he had taken the premises and was going to pay the rent on March 25. I promised to pay the £9 on the following Saturday. Meantime I found out that he had been doing other people for money and did not turn up. I went to the police with last witness.</p>
<p>To prisoner. You asked what assistance I should want. I said a cook and a kitchen maid. You suggested that an agreement should be drawn up, and if I started the job the money was to be returned on a month's notice on either side. On the following Wednesday you asked if I was going on with the job and that you had been after another man. You said you had a solicitor and you waited with him for me till 3.30. I did not turn up because I had suspicions. The following Monday you wrote asking me to meet you at the "Horseshoe." I saw you on Tuesday. I did not say I was dissatisfied with the shop and did not ask for the return of my £1; I thought I would lay a trap for you instead.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-110" type="surname" value="HOSKINS"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-110" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH HOSKINS</persName> </hi>, 1, Greek Street, Soho. I answered the advertise
<lb/>ment. Prisoner asked for £20 for my honesty. I refused. He then said, "Make it £5." I did not agree. I said I would consider it. I wrote him to the address he gave me, Great Eastern Railway Hotel, declin
<lb/>ing to pay any deposit.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-111" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-111" type="surname" value="WINDRAM"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-111" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR WINDRAM</persName> </hi>, 174, East India Dock Road, Poplar, auctioneer and estate agent. In February last No. 157, East India Dock Road, was vacant. Prisoner agreed to rent it at £65 a year. He gave us at least two references. He signed an agreement on February 21, which we said we would try and get our clients to accept.</p>
<rs id="t19130401-24-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-24-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-24-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="directed"/>On the direction of the Court, the jury returned a verdict of Not guilty.</rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, April 3.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130401-25">
<interp inst="t19130401-25" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130401"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-25" type="date" value="19130401"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-25-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-19130401 t19130401-25-offence-1 t19130401-25-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-25-19130401" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-25-19130401" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19130401" type="age" value="44"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19130401" type="surname" value="CROUCHER"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19130401" type="given" value="FRANK"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19130401" type="occupation" value="hairdresser"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CROUCHER</hi>, Frank (44, hairdresser)</persName>
<rs id="t19130401-25-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-25-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-25-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, unlawfully possessing coun
<lb/>terfeit coin with intent to utter the same, and unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Robert Wilkinson prosecuted; Mr. Salkeld Green defended.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS DUGGAN</hi>, L Division. On Saturday, February 22, at about 10.30 p.m., I went to a small hairdresser's shop occupied by prisoner at 38, Collingwood Street, Southwark, and said to prisoner, "We are police officers. Is your name Frank Croucher?" He replied "Yes." I said, "I have reason to believe you have counterfeit coin in your possession." He said, "No, sir." I said, "I am going to search you." I did so. In his right-hand trou
<lb/>sers pocket I found three counterfeit florins (produced). I said, "These are counterfeit." He said, "I do not think so, they are my</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010033"/>
<p>taking; I took them in the shop to-day. I bent them." In his jacket pocket I found 8s. in silver and a halfpenny; in the left-hand vest pocket I found 9s. in silver. I said to prisoner, "You will observe that these three counterfeit florins were in the trousers pocket by themselves." Prisoner replied, "You have found money in the top jacket pocket, money in the waistcoat pocket, and the three counter
<lb/>feits you found in my trousers pocket, I believe. I do not want to tell any lies about them—the only thing is if they are counterfeit I am unfortunate." I said, "Can you say from whom you took them?" Prisoner replied, "I cannot; I may have taken them during the week." On the shelf we found a sixpence, 9d. in bronze, and two farthings. I then told prisoner he would be charged; he replied, "I did not know they were wrong; I have taken them." I conveyed him to the station. When charged he said, "Pardon me, it is not knowingly at all."</p>
<p>Cross-examined. A large amount of counterfeit money is passed in that district. Prisoner has occupied this shop for eight years. We made a thorough search of the premises but only found these three counterfeit coins.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FRANK TROTT</hi>, L Division. On February 24 at Kennington Road Police Station an Arab, named Benali, handed me counterfeit florin (produced). He then pointed out to me the "King's Arms" public-house by Waterloo Railway Station. I then went to 23, Roupell Street, S.E., where prisoner resides, and there found a coloured tablecloth (produced). On March 3 I saw prisoner at Tower Bridge Police Court. I said to him, "You will be charged with uttering three counterfeit florins on Monday, February 23, to an Arab who was selling shawls and tablecloths in the "King's Arms" public-house, Roupell Street." Prisoner said, "What do you advise me to do about it?" I said, "It is not for me to say." He then said, "That is quite right, I handed them to the Turk; they were handed to me by another man to give to him. I knew they were wrong; I may as well plead guilty. I have lost my shop and everything over this. Do the best you can for me for the sake of my wife and children. I had none of the stuff that was bought myself, but I admit I asked Mr. Bonsey for a piece of paper to wrap them up with inside the bar; I took them outside and gave them to the other man that was with me." I said, "Who is the other man you refer to?" Prisoner said, "I do not know his name, he lives somewhere in Cornwall Road. Do the best you can for me, I will give you no trouble." When charged prisoner made no reply.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner did not say he did not know they were wrong. I made a note of what he said immediately afterwards. Har
<lb/>vey and Thompson's, in New Cut, sell all sorts of things; I do not know whether they sell tablecloths of this kind. This tablecloth, which I found at prisoner's rooms, shows signs of wear.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALBERT WARD</hi>, L Division. On Monday, March 3, at Tower Bridge Police Court I said to prisoner, "You are suspected of uttering a counterfeit florin at the "Enterprise" public-house, Long Acre, Endell Street, on Friday, the 21st of last month, and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010034"/>
<p>you will be put up for identification." Prisoner said, "I do not know where Long Acre is." He was then put up in a row of nine other men of similar build and appearance and at once picked out by Bowen, the barman at the "Enterprise" public-house. Prisoner said, "All right, I am quite satisfied, I admit I put it down, I shall be glad when it is over. This is through mixing up with crooks." When charged he made no reply.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not ask prisoner, "Is not this through mixing up with crooks?"</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-113" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-113" type="surname" value="BENALI"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-113" type="given" value="THEODORE OMAR"/>THEODORE OMAR BENALI</persName> </hi>. I am an Algerian, and sell curios, table-cloths, etc. I have bad eyes. I do not remember seeing the prisoner before. On a Monday night in a public-house I sold to a man three tablecloths, one for 2s., one for half-a-crown, and one for 3s. For the first one he gave me a florin, for the second one a florin and a six
<lb/>pence, for the third one a florin and a shilling. I then sold him a scarf for 1s.; he gave me a florin and I gave him a shilling change. I showed those florins to another Algerian Arab; he threw two in the fire and gave me back one counterfeit florin. I gave the bad coin to a detec
<p>Cross-examined. That was a bad day for me; I did very little other business; I did not take such a large coin as a florin at any other time that day. I do not know whether prisoner was the man; I do not know whether there were two men. Besides the four florins I took from prisoner I had 7s. in small silver; I put all the money together in my pocket. Tablecloth (produced) was the one sold by me in the public-house; I also sold two other tablecloths of another colour.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-114" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-114" type="surname" value="DJUFIL"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-114" type="given" value="MOHAMMED"/>MOHAMMED DJUFIL</persName> </hi>, 29, Great Bath Street, dealer. I am an Algerian Arab. Benali lives in the same house as I do; he buys goods from me. On February 3 he paid me 15s. which he owed me; he gave me four florins and other coins. Three of the florins were bad. I threw two of the florins in the fire, the third (produced) I gave back to Benali. I sold tablecloth (produced) to Benali.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not give Benali all three florins back because I thought he might get into trouble for having them in his possession.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-115" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-115" type="surname" value="BONSEY"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-115" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD BONSEY</persName> </hi>, licensee, "King's Arms" public-house, Roupell Street, Lambeth. I have known prisoner for some time; I also know Benali. On February 3, in my public-house, I saw prisoner buy from Benali tablecloth similar to one produced, paying him a florin for it; the coin looked rather dull. Prisoner said to Benali, "Wait a minute, I shall go and ask my wife if she would like some more things." Pri
<lb/>soner then left the bar, returned, and bought two more lots from Benali, paying him a florin each time, which he brought out of his waistcoat pocket.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. There were seven or eight people in the bar at the time. I thought the first florin was bad; I did not say so because I was not sure of it. The three articles cost 2s. each.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-116" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-116" type="surname" value="BOWEN"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-116" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK BOWEN</persName> </hi>, barman, "Enterprise" public-house, Long Acre. On the evening of February 21 prisoner came in with another fellow and called for a mild and bitter, price 3d., for which he tendered a</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010035"/>
<p>florin. It was dull, light in colour, and greasy. I said to prisoner, "Where did you get this one, it is a bad one?" He said he got it from a barber's shop in the morning at Lambeth. I said, "What did you go in there for?" He said, "I went in to get a shave." I said, "I do not believe you have had a shave for two or three days." He had not that appearance. He said, "Oh, I will take it back to where I got it, that is the best thing." I gave him back the florin, and he paid for the drink with three pennies. On Monday, March 3, I picked prisoner out at the police station from among a number of other men.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I was asked about this by the police five or six days afterwards. I said before the Magistrate: "I handed the florin back to him and he handed me a good half-crown in payment for the drinks." It is possible that prisoner said he got the counterfeit florin for a shave, and I thought he said he went there for a shave.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-117" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-117" type="surname" value="PRUDHOLM"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-117" type="given" value="PERCY WILLIAM"/>PERCY WILLIAM PRUDHOLM</persName> </hi>, licensee, "Enterprise" public-house, Long Acre. On the evening of February 21 the last witness, my bar
<lb/>man, showed me a florin, which I found to be bad. I gave the coin back to the barman, and he returned it to prisoner, who went out of the shop. I followed prisoner and his companion some little way down the road. They turned round and saw me following; they separated, and I lost sight of them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-118" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-118" type="given" value="SIDNEY WILLIAM"/>SIDNEY WILLIAM SMITH</persName> </hi>, Assistant Assayer, His Majesty's Mint. I have examined the three florins produced by Inspector Duggan; they are all counterfeit, and all made from the same pattern piece. Florin produced by Detective-sergeant Trott is also counterfeit; it is a different date.</p>
<p>Prisoner's statement before the Magistrate: "I acknowledge buying those things; I bought them not knowing the coins to be false. The coins were handed to me by another man. The coin that the witness Bowen speaks to was passed to me."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-119" type="surname" value="CROUCHER"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-119" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK CROUCHER</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). For the last eight years I have kept a small hairdresser's shop at No. 38, Collingwood Street, Southwark. On a Monday night I went to the "King's Arms" public-house in company with one of my customers, who is a bookmaker's clerk, but whose address I do not know. Benali came in selling tablecloths, etc. The man with me asked me to buy some things for him; he said, "You can bid better than me; come round there and bid for some of them for me." Eventually I bought four articles from the Arab, for which my companion passed me the money and I paid. None of those things were for myself. I wrapped them up in some paper and gave them to my companion. Tablecloth (produced) was bought by my wife at Harvey and Thompson's, pawnbrokers, in New Cut three years ago. I did not know those florins were counterfeit. I was in the "Enterprise" public-house, as stated by Bowen. I ordered two ales and a packet of Woodbines, for which I ten
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010036"/>
<p>a florin. Bowen took it away, came back, and said, "How many more have you got like this? It is bad." I said, "I am sorry. I had taken it in my shop, a barber's shop I keep in Collingwood Street." Bowen gave me back the florin, and I paid for the drink with a half-crown. I did not know that the florin was counterfeit when I tendered it. I received that in my shop; I cannot say who from. When I got home I turned over all my money to see if I had any more bad coins; I found two other florins which I did not like the look of. I put them and the florin Bowen returned to me by themselves in my trousers pocket, where they were found by Inspector Duggan. I did not tell Sergeant Ward that I knew the coins I passed to Benali were bad; I said I did not know. I did not say anything to Detective Ward about being mixed up with crooks.</p>
<rs id="t19130401-25-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-25-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-25-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Prisoner was convicted at Tower Bridge Police Court on October 7, 1911, of stealing whiskey from a public-house bar, when he was released on his own recognisances. He was stated to be the constant associate of convicted coiners.</p>
<rs id="t19130401-25-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-25-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-25-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-19130401 t19130401-25-punishment-28"/>Twelve months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130401-26">
<interp inst="t19130401-26" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130401"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-26" type="date" value="19130401"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-26-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-19130401 t19130401-26-offence-1 t19130401-26-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-26-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-26-19130401 t19130401-26-offence-1 t19130401-26-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-26-19130401" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-26-19130401" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19130401" type="age" value="49"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19130401" type="surname" value="FISHER"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19130401" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19130401" type="occupation" value="dispenser"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FISHER</hi>, Charles (49, dispenser)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-26-19130401" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-26-19130401" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-26-19130401" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def2-26-19130401" type="surname" value="PEARCE"/>
<interp inst="def2-26-19130401" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def2-26-19130401" type="occupation" value="fitter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PEARCE</hi>, William (24, fitter)</persName>
<rs id="t19130401-26-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-26-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-26-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, both obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t19130401-name-122" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-122" type="surname" value="FOOT"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-122" type="given" value="HENRY THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-26-offence-1 t19130401-name-122"/>Henry Thomas Foot</persName> 12 shirts and other articles, from
<persName id="t19130401-name-123" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-123" type="surname" value="WELLS"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-123" type="given" value="JOHN EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-26-offence-1 t19130401-name-123"/>John Edward Wells</persName> one overcoat, the goods of
<persName id="t19130401-name-124" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-124" type="surname" value="SKINNER"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-124" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-26-offence-1 t19130401-name-124"/>Arthur Skinner</persName>, and from
<persName id="t19130401-name-125" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-125" type="surname" value="REID"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-125" type="given" value="JAMES WARDLAW"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-26-offence-1 t19130401-name-125"/>James Wardlaw Reid</persName> one overcoat, in each case with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19130401-26-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-26-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-26-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> </hi> to all the indictments. Pearce
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19130401-26-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-26-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-26-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty to obtaining goods from Foot</rs> </hi>; he also confessed to having been convicted, at Middlesex Sessions, on September 25, 1909, in the name of Alfred Johnson, receiving two years' hard labour, followed by two years police supervision for housebreaking; seven other convictions for dishonesty were proved against him. Fisher was bound over at West London Police Court on October 23, 1909, for attempting to pick pockets. Pearce was stated to have been earning an honest living since April, 1911, when he was last released from prison.</p>
<rs id="t19130401-26-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-26-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-26-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-19130401 t19130401-26-punishment-29"/>Fisher, Five months' hard labour</rs>;
<rs id="t19130401-26-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-26-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-26-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-26-19130401 t19130401-26-punishment-30"/>Pearce, Six months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUDGE RENTOUL</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, April 3.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130401-27">
<interp inst="t19130401-27" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130401"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-27" type="date" value="19130401"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-27-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-27-19130401 t19130401-27-offence-1 t19130401-27-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-27-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-27-19130401 t19130401-27-offence-1 t19130401-27-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-27-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def4-27-19130401 t19130401-27-offence-2 t19130401-27-verdict-3"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-27-charge-5" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-27-19130401 t19130401-27-offence-3 t19130401-27-verdict-4"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-27-charge-6" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-27-19130401 t19130401-27-offence-3 t19130401-27-verdict-4"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-27-charge-7" targOrder="Y" targets="def4-27-19130401 t19130401-27-offence-3 t19130401-27-verdict-4"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-27-charge-8" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-27-19130401 t19130401-27-offence-4 t19130401-27-verdict-"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-27-charge-9" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-27-19130401 t19130401-27-offence-4 t19130401-27-verdict-"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-27-charge-10" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-27-19130401 t19130401-27-offence-4 t19130401-27-verdict-"/>
<persName id="def1-27-19130401" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-27-19130401" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19130401" type="age" value="52"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19130401" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19130401" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19130401" type="occupation" value="carman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CLARK</hi>, Henry (52, carman)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-27-19130401" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-27-19130401" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-27-19130401" type="age" value="49"/>
<interp inst="def2-27-19130401" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="def2-27-19130401" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="def2-27-19130401" type="occupation" value="butcher"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WOOD</hi>, Charles (49, butcher)</persName>,
<persName id="def3-27-19130401" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-27-19130401" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-27-19130401" type="age" value="39"/>
<interp inst="def3-27-19130401" type="surname" value="SCHOLFIELD"/>
<interp inst="def3-27-19130401" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="def3-27-19130401" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SCHOLFIELD</hi>, Joseph (39, labourer)</persName>, and
<persName id="def4-27-19130401" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def4-27-19130401" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def4-27-19130401" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def4-27-19130401" type="surname" value="LACEY"/>
<interp inst="def4-27-19130401" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def4-27-19130401" type="occupation" value="horsedealer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LACEY</hi>, James (37, horsedealer)</persName>
<rs id="t19130401-27-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-27-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-27-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/>; Clark, Wood, and Scholfield, stealing one mare and one bridle, the goods of
<persName id="t19130401-name-130" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-130" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-130" type="surname" value="PAYNE"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-130" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-27-offence-1 t19130401-name-130"/>Albert Payne</persName>, and feloniously receiving the same;</rs>
<rs id="t19130401-27-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-27-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-27-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/> Lacey, stealing one mare, the goods of
<persName id="t19130401-name-131" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-131" type="surname" value="BARKER"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-131" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-27-offence-2 t19130401-name-131"/>Frederick Barker</persName>, and feloniously receiving the same;</rs>
<rs id="t19130401-27-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-27-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-27-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/>Clark, Lacey, and Wood, stealing two geldings, two rugs, and other articles, the goods of
<persName id="t19130401-name-132" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-132" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-132" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-27-offence-3 t19130401-name-132"/>William Henry Collins</persName>, and feloniously receiving the same;</rs>
<rs id="t19130401-27-offence-4" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-27-offence-4" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-27-offence-4" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/>Clark, Scholfield, and Wood, stealing one mare, one rug, and one bridle, the goods of
<persName id="t19130401-name-133" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-133" type="surname" value="SCATES"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-133" type="given" value="EDWARD JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-27-offence-4 t19130401-name-133"/>Edward James Scates</persName>, and feloniously receiving the same; Clark and Wood, stealing one gelding, two rugs, and other articles, the goods of
<persName id="t19130401-name-134" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-134" type="surname" value="NEWMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-134" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-27-offence-4 t19130401-name-134"/>William Newman</persName>, and feloniously receiving the same.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010037"/>
<p>Mr. Muir, Mr. Percival Clarke, and Mr. Bennett prosecuted; Mr. W. W. Grantham defended Clarke; Mr. Salkeld Green and Mr. J. C. Stollery defended Wood; Mr. Lambert defended Lacey.</p>
<p>Clark, Wood, and Scholfield were tried on the first indictment.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN BOUSTRED</hi> produced photographs for use in the case.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-135" type="surname" value="TURNER"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-135" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE TURNER</persName> </hi>, carman. On the evening of February 25 I left Mr. Payne's bay mare in a stable; I locked the door as usual and left it secure. I came back the next morning and found the mare was gone.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Grantham. The mare's height is about 16 hands; she has a slight hollow.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Scholfield. I locked up the horse at 7.50.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-136" type="surname" value="BLUNDON"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-136" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE BLUNDON</persName> </hi>, carman. The value of the horse that was stolen was £50. I went to the stable on February 26 and found the lock off and the stable door open; the mare had gone. I first saw the hide pro
<lb/>duced at Clark's stables; it is the hide of Payne's mare.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-137" type="surname" value="OWERS"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-137" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE OWERS</persName> </hi>, horsekeeper. I am employed by Wiseman and Sons, who hired a bay mare to Payne. I saw the hide at Clark's stable. I recognised it by the marks. It was the hide of the bay mare we hired to Payne.</p>
<p>To Mr. Grantham. The mare was about eight years old and about 14 hands high.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Scholfield. The hide was very wet.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-138" type="surname" value="LANE"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-138" type="given" value="CORNELIUS"/>CORNELIUS LANE</persName> </hi>, farrier. I know Scholfield. I first saw him about February 14 at my shop; he asked me to make a chisel, which I did. After that I had a conversation with him about a stable. He asked me if I had got a stable and I said, "Yes." He asked me how much I wanted for it for a week; I said, "5s."; he said, "That is too much, will you take 3s. a week," and I said, "Yes." He said his name was George Barker. On February 26 I saw him again in the morning with another man. He had a bay horse, which he put in a stable. In the evening I met him, and he asked me if I would let my assistant, Capon, take the horse over the bridge; Capon went away with the horse, and Scholfield followed.</p>
<p>To Mr. Grantham. It was a big horse. I have seen Clark several times, but not with Scholfield. Clark is all right as far as I know.</p>
<p>To Mr. Stollery. Wood was not with Scholfield on this occasion. I did not know Wood at all.</p>
<p>To Scholfield. I do not drink much. You did ask me to make a case-opener. When you brought the horse I do not remember your saying anything about its being lame. I saw it coming out of my yard on February 13 or 14. You put one horse in the stable on February 14 and the other on the 26th.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010038"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-139" type="surname" value="CAPON"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-139" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED CAPON</persName> </hi>, farrier's assistant. I took a horse over the bridge for Scholfield on February 26, about half-past six. Scholfield said, "I have to be careful of leading horses as they are well on me." He gave me 3d. It was a bay horse.</p>
<p>To Scholfield. I did not notice any particular marks on the horse. I am sure it was February 26. I did not see you take the horse any
<lb/>where. It was not lame.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-140" type="surname" value="FOWLER"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-140" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE FOWLER</persName> </hi>, decorator. Clark is my brother-in-law; I have lived with him since just before Christmas. I look after the stables. I have known Wood since Christmas. He used to sleep in one of the stables every night. I have never seen him doing anything there. Bob Clark used to visit Henry Clark's yard. He is no relation of Henry Clark's. Bob Clark brought a body of beef to the yard on Feb
<lb/>ruary 28 in a van. Wood was with him. Bob Clark gave me some halters and a bridle and two rugs. I put them in Henry Clark's stable. Bob Clark did not have a stable there. These articles were in the manager when the police came. I put them there. I could not say who went into the stable where the pulleys were. I saw a black horse go in there. I never saw it come out alive again. Scholfield brought it on the Monday or Tuesday before the arrest. I told prisoner Clark there was a horse in the stable. I did not see the hide until the police came. I saw a brown horse and a black horse brought to the stable. Scholfield brought two horses. I saw the brown horse put into the end stable alive on February 27 or 28. I told prisoner Clark that Scholfield had brought a horse. I did say before the magistrates, "I saw Clark next morning and told him Scholfield had fetched a horse and left it there." I did say, "I saw the carcass skinned and cut up; I saw the meat hanging up there." I did not see the meat taken out. I did not see any cutting up going on. I did say before the magistrates that Henry Clark must have been there when the cutting up was going on. The meat was put in the van and taken away. Wood helped Bob Clark to load the van. I did not say before the magistrates, "I did see Henry Clark help put meat in the cart." Henry Clark and I were in the stable together on the day of the arrest. We were going to put a drain in there.</p>
<p>To Mr. Grantham. I have known prisoner Clark for about 30 years. He is a carman and contractor and has three sons. He attended to the clerical part of the business. Bob Clark used to visit the yard and not Henry Clark.</p>
<p>To Mr. Stollery. I could not say that Wood was there when the cutting up was going on.</p>
<p>To Scholfield. You brought a horse into prisoner Clark's stables. I did tell him that you had left the horse there. I could not tell you when it was.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-141" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-141" type="surname" value="TOWNSLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-141" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE TOWNSLEY</persName> </hi>. I know the prisoner Clark's yard in Alton Street. I have often seen him riding. I have seen Wood and Scholfield there. I have seen the meat hanging up in the stable. I have very often seen a railway van at the stables. It used to stay there for an hour or two hours at a time.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010039"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALBERT YEO</hi>. I went to the prisoner Clark's stables on March 6. I said to him, "Are you Mr. Clark?" and he said, "That is me." I said, "I am a police inspector; I am making some inquiries about some horses that have been recently stolen; I have received information that one or more have been brought here, one this morning. He said, "No, no horses have been brought here, I can assure, you, sir, but those that belong to me; I have six horses of my own and my sons are driving them; I have not had a strange horse in my stable for months—at least six. Come and have a look for your
<lb/>self." I went inside. I said, "Whose stables are these?" He said, "They belong to me; there is nothing in there; I have been repairing the drain in that one." I went into that stable and I noticed that there was blood on the floor. It presented the appearance of a slaughter-house. I saw two hides; one was the hide of a black mare and one a bay mare. I said to Clark, "How do you account for this?" He said, "I know nothing about them; they must have been brought here." I said, "There is every appearance of slaughtering having taken place here recently." He said, "No, sir, that kind of thing don't take place here." I said, "You are the landlord and must know what goes on." He said, "I let this stable to a man named Wood; he has just gone out." I said, "Where does he live?" He said, "Well, he sleeps here in my stable." I produce various articles used for slaughtering. I found two tubs with blood in them and entrails of some animal. I also found some letters addressed to Wood care of Clark. While I was talking to Clark there was a knock at the door. I went to the door, where I saw Lacey. He was leading a light grey mare. I said, "What do you want?" He said, "Mr. Clark." Clark was present. I said, "Where did you get the mare from?" He said, "A man gave it me up the street." I said, "Who do you want?" He said, "Clark." I said, "Come inside, Clark is here." I said to Clark in Lacey's hearing, "You hear what this man says; what do you know about it?" He said, "I do not know anything at all about the mare or the man." I charged Clark with stealing and receiving Payne's mare. He said, "Me steal? Well, you have got to prove it; that is what you have got to do; I never stole any of it; you prove it." The charge was then read to him and he said, "You have got to prove it." When Clark appeared at the Thames Police Court he said, "I do not steal horses." He called me to the cell and he then said, "The man you had at Poplar Police Station last night—what about him?—the short, clean-shaven, thick
<lb/>set man, Joe Scholfield." I said, "We had no evidence against the man and he was liberated." He then said, "That is the man who brought the black mare and the bay mare you are inquiring about; he ought to be where I am; my brother-in-law can identify him as the man who brought the horses." I arrested Wood on March 9. I said to him, "Charlie Wood?" he said, "Yes"; I said, "I am a police inspector and I shall take you into custody for being concerned with Henry Clark in stealing and receiving a black mare and a bay mare—two geldings, one black and one grey, and also a quantity of harness." He said, "I never stole anything; I have been sleeping at Clark's place, I know, but that don't say that I know anything about it." I said,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010040"/>
<p>"The bridle, rug, and other articles were found in the stable where you sleep." He said, "I know nothing about it." I said, "You will be charged with being concerned with Clark in stealing the horses and harness." He said, "I know nothing about it." He was charged at the Limehouse Police Station and he said, "I know nothing about it." He was searched and in his vest I found a number of letters, some from Mr. Taylor, of Debden, Essex, and some from Mr. Parker, Clare, Suf
<lb/>folk. I arrested Scholfield on March 10. I said to him, "I am a police inspector. You will be put amongst a number of other men to see of you can be identified by a witness as the man who brought a black mare and a bay mare to Clark'syard." "He said, "Who is going to identify me?" I said, "George Fowler." He said, "George Fowler; he is sure to identify me; he knows me and has done for a long time; still, I can do him hands down; he is easy; I do not want identifying by him; he can say it is me, of course; what chance do I stand? I worked a bit for Mr. Clark, putting down the concrete in the first stable, so he is sure to say it is me; he has not paid me for doing it yet and he is trying to twist it on me." He was put up with about twelve others and was immediately picked out by Fowler.</p>
<p>To Mr. Grantham. I do not know where Bob Clark is now. As far as I know prisoner Clark has never been in trouble before. He has carried on various occupations.</p>
<p>To Mr. Stollery. The bridle and rugs were in the stable where Wood slept.</p>
<p>To Scholfield. We had no evidence against you on the first occasion. You said nothing when the charge was read to you. You did not say, "I have never taken anything to Mr. Clark."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN CAYBURN</hi>. On March 6 I went to prisoner Clark's stables with Yeo. I went into the stable fitted up as a slaughter-house. There were pulleys and chains affixed to a beam and a quantity of butcher's tools covered with blood. There was a quantity of blood on the floor. I also found the hides of a black mare and a brown mare. Clark was standing by and he said, "They must have been brought here." He said, "The butcher's tools belong to a man named Wood who stands with a stall in Crisp Street; he keeps his meat here and has done so for a fortnight." While I was in the slaughter-house I heard the sound of a horse approaching. I went out and found Lacey in the custody of Inspector Yeo. Yeo said to prisoner Clark, "Is this your horse?"; Clark said, "No, I know nothing about it." Lacey said in prisoner Clark's hearing, "I am from Birmingham; a man gave me the horse outside to bring here."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM BRADLEY</hi>. I went to Clark's stables on March 6. I made a search and found a jemmy. I also found a coat and in the pockets I found a number of letters addressed to Wood. I also found two rugs.</p>
<p>To Mr. Green. I was told that Wood had been sleeping in one of the stables. I said before the magistrates that it was not used as a dwelling.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010041"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM RYAN</hi>. On March 6, in the evening, I went to take possession of prisoner Clark's yard. About seven o'clock I heard a knock at the door. On opening it I saw Scholfield. I said to him, "Who do you want to see?" He said, "I want to see the guv'nor." I said, "Do you mean Clark?" He said, "Yes, Harry Clark." I said, "He is not here just now." He said, "I left him up Whitechapel about an hour ago; he knew I was calling to see him about some little busi
<lb/>ness matters." I said, "We are police officers and in possession of this yard and Mr. Clark is at present detained at Poplar Police Station. What is your name?" He said, "My name is Cooper." I said, "Where do you live?" He said, "West Street, near the 'Moor's Arms." I said, "I am not satisfied with your statement. There is no such street as 'West Street' and you must come with me to Poplar Police Station." On the way to the station he said, "I am sorry he is pinched, but I suppose it cannot be helped."</p>
<p>To Scholfield. You did not say "I want to see Mr. Clark about a little bit of work I have done."</p>
<p>Mr. Grantham submitted that there was no evidence to go to the Jury was against Clark. His Lordship held that he could not withdraw the case.</p>
<p>Mr. Green submitted that there was no evidence to go to the Jury with regard to Wood. His Lordship held that there was no evidence with regard to this particular indictment.</p>
<rs id="t19130401-27-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-27-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-27-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="directed"/>The Jury, by his Lordship's direction, returned a verdict of Not Guilty with regard to Wood.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-142" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-142" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY CLARK</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath) denied that he had ever had any transactions with regard to stolen horses and said that he had let the stables to Bob Clark, which had led him into the present trouble.</p>
<p>To Mr. Clarke. Yeo said he would give me £25 if I would tell him anything about the horses and nobody would be any the wiser. I did say, "No horses have been brought here, only those that belong to me." I did not know that any horses had been stolen until Yeo told me. I saw a brown horse and a black horse in my yard, but I do not know who brought them there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-143" type="surname" value="SCHOLFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-143" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH SCHOLFIELD</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath) denied that he ever took any stolen horses to Clark's yard. The only time he was ever there was when he was doing some concreting in the yard.</p>
<p>To Mr. Clarke. I did not say to Ryan that my name was Cooper. I never took any horses to Clark's yard.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MRS. TIMKEY</hi>. Scholfield was at my house on February 25. He left about 8.30 and came back again and left at 10.30. He came to my house again the next evening and took my sister to the Queen's Theatre.</p>
<p>To Mr. Clarke. I did not see him from 10 p.m. on February 25 until the evening of the 26th.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-144" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-144" type="surname" value="LOCK"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-144" type="given" value="MARY"/>MARY LOCK</persName> </hi>. On February 25 I was with Scholfield at my sister's house. We went home at 10.30. We both live in the same house. On</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010042"/>
<p>February 26 we went to the Queen's Theatre. We went home about 11.30.</p>
<p>To Mr. Clarke. Scholfield is keeping company with me. I did not know that he was buying and selling horses. I do not remember what happened on February 21.</p>
<p>(Friday, April 4.)</p>
<rs id="t19130401-27-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-27-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-27-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Clark and Scholfield, Guilty.</rs> </p>
<p>Lacey was then tried on the second indictment.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-145" type="surname" value="BARKER"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-145" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK BARKER</persName> </hi>, master laundryman. I occupied a field at North Finchley, in which I kept a horse and a mare. On March 5 I left the horse in the field at 5.30 p.m. I went to the field again at seven o'clock in the morning and found the horse gone.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-146" type="surname" value="POPLER"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-146" type="given" value="OLIVER"/>OLIVER POPLER</persName> </hi>, labourer. On March 6 at 12.30 p.m. I was standing outside Clark's stables. I saw two men drive up in a trap with a led horse behind it. I identify Lacey as one of the men in the trap. He, Lacey, got out of the trap and led it into the stable. Afterwards I saw him come out of the stable with two gentlemen.</p>
<p>To Lambert. The two gentlemen who came out of the yard with Lacey were two detectives.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALBERT YEO</hi>. At mid-day on March 6 I went with Cayburn to Clark's stables. While in conversation with Clark I heard a knock at the door, which was opened by Fowler. I went to the door and saw Lacey leading a light bay mare. I said to him, "Who do you want?" He said, "Mr. Clark." I said, "What do you want him for?" He said, "I have brought this light bay mare; it was given to me by a man up the street to give to him." I said, "Come inside." I took him and the mare inside the yard and I said to Clark, "Do you know this man or anything about the horse?" He said, "No, I do not know anything about the man or the horse." I took Lacey to the police station and told him he would be charged with unlawful possession of the mare and detained pending inquiries. Subsequently Barker identified the mare that Lacey had been dealing with as his mare.</p>
<p>To Mr. Lambert. Lacey did not offer to me to make a statement in the police court. He mentioned the name of Purley as the man who gave him the horse. Purley is an associate of Lacey. It is my opinion that Lacey knew Henry Clark.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN CAYBURN</hi> corroborated.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-147" type="surname" value="LACEY"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-147" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES LACEY</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I went to the stables of a man called Purley. He asked me where I was going. I said, "I am going to Stapleton's Horse Show." He said, "I am going that way and you can ride with me; I am going to take this mare." I went with him and led the mare behind the trap. We got to some stables and Purley said, "Get down and kick the gates." I did so, and somebody opened the gate. I said, "Is this Clarkson's?" He said, "No, this is Clark's,"</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010043"/>
<p>and then Inspector Yeo came. He said "Where have you got this horse from?" I said, "I have led it in from the street," and then I was taken to the station.</p>
<p>To Mr. Clarke. I did not make any inquiries of Purley about the horse. I did not know he was a convicted thief. I did not say to Yeo, "The mare was given to me by a man outside Stapleton's; I will tell you more later on."</p>
<rs id="t19130401-27-verdict-3" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-27-verdict-3" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-27-verdict-3" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>(Monday, April 7.)</p>
<p>Clark, Wood, and Lacey were now tried on the third indictment.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN BOUSTRED</hi> produced photographs for use in the case.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-148" type="surname" value="SACK"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-148" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE SACK</persName> </hi> (carman). I had charge of two bay geldings, the pro
<lb/>perty of Collins and Sons, worth about ✗20 each. I saw them in the stables at Commercial Road on February 11. I went to the stables on the following morning and found the horses gone and also two head-stalls, two chains, and two rugs. I went to the Poplar Police Station on March 7 and identified one of the head-stalls.</p>
<p>To Mr. Green. The head-stall is the only thing that has been re
<lb/>covered. It is worth about 3d.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-149" type="surname" value="DOVE"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-149" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT DOVE</persName> </hi> (potman). I know the stables of Collins and Sons. I passed there early in the morning of February 12. I saw some horses coming out of the stables. There were three men there; I recognise Lacey as one. He was holding a horse outside the stables. The other two men were bringing out another horse. On March 14 I picked out Lacey from 12 other men.</p>
<p>To Mr. Lambert. I have no reason to fix February 12. I heard on the day following that the horses had been stolen. I described the man holding the horse as being dressed in a light suit and overcoat. I did not describe his face.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-150" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-150" type="surname" value="FOWLER"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-150" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE FOWLER</persName> </hi> (decorator). I live with prisoner Clark, who is my brother-in-law. I do odd jobs for him. He used to go out with horses getting orders. I knew Wood; he slept in one of the stables. In one of the stables there were a lot of chains, pulleys, and hooks when Bob Clark took it. On March 1 and 3 I saw some horses brought into what is called the slaughter-house; they did not belong to prisoner Clark. On the previous Thursday I saw a body of beef there in Bob Clark's van. I never saw any meat being cut up by anybody. (His Lordship allowed Mr. Percival Clarke to treat this witness as hostile.) I did say before the magistrates that prisoner Clark must have been there when the cutting up was going on. I also said I saw Henry Clark help to put the meat on the cart. I meant Bob Clark. I could not tell you what I said before the magistrates. I saw Wood helping Bob Clark. Wood was in the slaughter-house; I do not know what he was doing. If I said I saw Henry Clark help to put meat in the cart it was true, but I do not remember saying it. I never saw any cutting up going on at all. The rugs produced were brought in a van by Bob Clark and Wood. I put them in the stables.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010044"/>
<p>To Mr. Grantham. Bob Clark is no relation of prisoner Clark. I did not often see prisoner Clark in the yard. He was using six horses and three vans.</p>
<p>To Mr. Green. Bob Clark brought some rugs, halters, and chains. He told me to put them in the stable. I never saw Wood when the horses were being cut up.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-151" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-151" type="surname" value="TOWNSLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-151" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE TOWNSLEY</persName> </hi>. I know prisoner Clark's yard. I have seen him in the yard with Wood. I once saw some meat hanging up in one of the stables.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN CAYBURN</hi>. On March 6 I went to prisoner Clark's yard in Alton Street with Inspector Yeo. I knocked at the door, but did not get an immediate reply. I gained admission to the yard through the house and I found Yeo talking to Clark. I went into one of the stables and found it was fitted up as a slaughter-house. I found two pails full of blood and containing the parts of an animal, also a sack which contained two hides of a brown mare and a black mare. When Clark saw them, he said, "They must have been brought here." I was examining some tools when Clark said, "They belong to a man named Wood who stands with a stall in Crisp Street; he keeps his meat here and has done so for a fortnight." While I was in the yard a horse was led into it and I saw Lacey in custody of Inspector Yeo. We were accompanied by a man who had made a complaint to the police. Lacey was taken to the police station.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM BRADLEY</hi>. Following the arrest of Clark I went on March 6 to his yard in Alton Street and made a search. In a manger I found two rugs, a bridle, an overcoat, a jacket and vest, and underneath the overcoat I found a jemmy. In the pockets of the over
<lb/>coat I found some letters addressed to C. Wood, care of Clark, 117, Kirby Street. I also found, a pair of boots which were covered with blood, and a head-stall, which I produce.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALBERT YEO</hi> repeated his evidence given on the first indict
<p>To Mr. Grantham. In using the stables for slaughtering, Clark was committing an offence against the London County Council regulations. I have heard of a man named Robert Clark from outside sources. Prisoner Clark has never been charged before.</p>
<p>To Mr. Lambert. I could not say how Lacey gets his living. At the police court he gave the names of some witnesses to prove where he was on the day in question.</p>
<p>Re-examined. Prisoner Clark has been convicted at this court of horse stealing and receiving.</p>
<p>Mr. Green submitted that there was no evidence to go to the Jury with regard to Wood. His Lordship ruled that the case should proceed.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-152" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-152" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY CLARK</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I let my place as a meat store to Wood for Bob Clark, who brought all these things to my stables. I know nothing about the stolen horses.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010045"/>
<p>Cross-examined. When Inspector Yeo came I showed him all over the stables. I did not know the hides were there before the police came. I knew that two strange horses had been brought to the stables, but I did not know they were stolen. I did not think to tell the police about Bob Clark.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-153" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-153" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES WOOD</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I have been sleeping in prisoner Clark's yard for some time. I took a stable for Bob Clark. I never helped Bob Clark or anyone else to slaughter any horses in the stable.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I am a butcher. I bought some horsemeat to boil for catsmeat. I ceased dealing with butchers because I could not pay for the meat, but I did not encourage people to steal horses for me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-154" type="surname" value="LACEY"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-154" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES LACEY</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). On February 11 I left home about 11.15 a.m. and did not get home until 7.30 p.m. The next day I left home at 11.30. I have never been to Collin's stables. I did go to Clark's stables on one occasion.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I never leave home until 11 a.m.; it is my habit. On the night of February 11 I got home about 7 and I did not go out again until 11.30 the next day.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-155" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-155" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-155" type="surname" value="WALKER"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-155" type="given" value="HESTER"/>HESTER WALKER</persName> </hi>. On February 11 and 12 I was living with Lacey. During February he did not leave home any morning before 10.30 to 11. I went out with him on February 12 at 11.30. I remember the date because I had some money paid to me.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I went out with Lacey both on February 11 and 12. I did not know what the dates were before the magistrates, but I have been thinking about it since.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-156" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-156" type="surname" value="THANE"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-156" type="given" value="MARTHA"/>MARTHA THANE</persName> </hi>. Lacey and Hester Walker occupied rooms in my house. I think Walker left my house on February 12 with Lacey between 10 and 12. I sleep on the first floor and I think I should have heard anybody going out in the early morning. I did not hear Lacey go out on the morning of February 12.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Lacey might have gone out at seven or eight o'clock; I could not say.</p>
<rs id="t19130401-27-verdict-4" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-27-verdict-4" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-27-verdict-4" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>(Tuesday, April 8.)</p>
<p>The remaining indictments against Clark, Scholfield, and Wood were not proceeded with.</p>
<p>Scholfield confessed to having been convicted at this Court on Decem
<lb/>ber 10, 1907, in the name of Joseph Schofield, of felony. Lacey con
<lb/>fessed to having been convicted, at Stafford Quarter Sessions, on October 18, 1904, of felony. It was stated that twenty valuable horses had been stolen by one or other of the prisoners since the end of March.</p>
<rs id="t19130401-27-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-27-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-27-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-27-19130401 t19130401-27-punishment-31"/>Clark, Nine months' imprisonment, second division, in respect of each offence, to run concurrently;</rs>
<rs id="t19130401-27-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-27-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-27-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-27-19130401 t19130401-27-punishment-32"/>Wood, Twelve months' imprisonment, second division:</rs>
<rs id="t19130401-27-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-27-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-27-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-27-19130401 t19130401-27-punishment-33"/>Scholfield, Three years' penal ser
<rs id="t19130401-27-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-27-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-27-punishment-34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def4-27-19130401 t19130401-27-punishment-34"/>Lacey, Twelve months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010046"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE RECORDER</hi>.</p>
<p>(Friday, April 4.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130401-28">
<interp inst="t19130401-28" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130401"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-28" type="date" value="19130401"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-28-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28-19130401 t19130401-28-offence-1 t19130401-28-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-28-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-28-19130401 t19130401-28-offence-1 t19130401-28-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-28-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-28-19130401 t19130401-28-offence-1 t19130401-28-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-28-19130401" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-28-19130401" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19130401" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19130401" type="surname" value="MARSHALL"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19130401" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19130401" type="occupation" value="porter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARSHALL</hi>, Arthur (24, porter)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-28-19130401" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-28-19130401" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-28-19130401" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def2-28-19130401" type="surname" value="NORTON"/>
<interp inst="def2-28-19130401" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def2-28-19130401" type="occupation" value="porter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NORTON</hi>, John (24, porter)</persName>
<rs id="t19130401-28-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-28-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-28-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, and
<persName id="def3-28-19130401" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-28-19130401" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def3-28-19130401" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def3-28-19130401" type="surname" value="MARSHALL"/>
<interp inst="def3-28-19130401" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARSHALL</hi>, Louisa (25)</persName>, all together robbing with violence
<persName id="t19130401-name-160" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-160" type="surname" value="SEARS"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-160" type="given" value="ALFRED JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-28-offence-1 t19130401-name-160"/>Alfred James Sears</persName>, and stealing from his person one watch, his goods; all assaulting
<persName id="t19130401-name-161" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-161" type="surname" value="SEARS"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-161" type="given" value="ALFRED JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-28-offence-1 t19130401-name-161"/>Alfred James Sears</persName> and thereby occasioning actual bodily harm to him.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Thin prosecuted, Mr. Fox-Davies defended Arthur Marshall and Norton.</p>
<p>Prisoners were tried on the first indictment.</p>
<rs id="t19130401-28-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-28-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-28-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>. The second indictment was not proceeded with.</p>
<p>Arthur Marshall confessed to having been convicted at Clerkenwell Police Court on July 26, 1911, of felony. Norton confessed to having been convicted, at North London Police Court, in the name of Henry Norton, of felony. Other convictions were proved.</p>
<rs id="t19130401-28-punishment-35" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-28-punishment-35" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-28-punishment-35" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28-19130401 t19130401-28-punishment-35"/>Arthur Marshall, Twelve months' hard labour</rs>;
<rs id="t19130401-28-punishment-36" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-28-punishment-36" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-28-punishment-36" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-28-19130401 t19130401-28-punishment-36"/>Norton, Eighteen months' hard labour;</rs>
<rs id="t19130401-28-punishment-37" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-28-punishment-37" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-28-punishment-37" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-28-19130401 t19130401-28-punishment-37"/>Louisa Marshall, Six months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<persName id="def1-29-19130401" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-29-19130401" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19130401" type="surname" value="IRVING"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19130401" type="given" value="ISABEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">IRVING</hi>, Isabel (age refused)</persName>
<rs id="t19130401-29-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-29-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="damage"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-29-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>. Unlawfully and maliciously damaging certain glass windows, the property of the
<persName id="t19130401-name-163" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-163" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-29-offence-1 t19130401-name-163"/>Roneo Company, Ltd</persName>., to an amount exceeding £5.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. J. Wells Thatcher prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-164" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-164" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-164" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY KING</persName> </hi>, inspector on the Great Western Railway. On March 14, at 11.15 a.m., I was walking on the south side of Holborn towards the city when I saw prisoner produce a hammer from her coat and smash a window of the Roneo Company. She then broke a second one. A commissionaire came out of the shop and caught hold of her, and she swung round and smashed a third one.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-165" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-165" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-165" type="surname" value="SWEETMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-165" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES SWEETMAN</persName> </hi>, commissionaire employed by the Roneo Com
<lb/>pany, 5 to 11, Holborn. On March 14, at 11.10 a.m., I was on duty inside the building. I heard a noise of glass being smashed. I turned and saw prisoner break two windows. I rushed from the shop and took the hammer from her, detained her, and handed her over to the police.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-166" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-166" type="surname" value="MORASTON"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-166" type="given" value="GEORGE EDWARD"/>GEORGE EDWARD MORASTON</persName> </hi>, secretary, Roneo Company. I was called out by last witness. The value of the broken windows is about £60.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROBERT STAGG</hi>, 380 B. Prisoner was given into my custody by Sweetman, who also handed me the hammer produced. Before the charge was read at the police station, prisoner said, "I am a suffragette."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-167" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-167" type="surname" value="IRVING"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-167" type="given" value="ISABEL"/>ISABEL IRVING</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath). I wish to say that what I did I did with a motive. My motive was pure. I did not do it unlawfully, because I am not within the law. You may think I am, but I am not legally. I am a woman and voteless, and no attention is paid to women except to punish them. If you wish to punish women you must first of all give them the same privileges that you enjoy before you mete out the same punishment as you would to men who have got privileges</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010047"/>
<p>that we do not have. So long as we are without the constitution, we will continue those so-called outrages until you think fit to listen to our demand. (Prisoner complained of the treatment she had received at the police station after her arrest, and that her lady friends had been kept out of the court.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SAMUEL CROCKER</hi>. I was at the police station when prisoner was searched. She was searched by a wardress to ascertain if she had any implement that she could do damage with or inflict injury on herself. I have never heard of a woman being stripped in the presence of men at the station.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SIDNEY BUCKLE</hi>, City Police. I was in charge when prisoner was brought into the station. It is usual to search prisoners to see if they have any incriminating documents or implements. I sent for the female searcher, resident at Snow Hill, and directed that prisoner should be taken out to the back and searched in the usual way by the female searcher.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-168" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-168" type="surname" value="FARNDELL"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-168" type="given" value="MARY JANE"/>MARY JANE FARNDELL</persName> </hi>, female searcher at Snow Hill Police Station. Prisoner refused to be searched. No male persons were there. I said I should have to call in the station officer if she did not allow me. After a time she allowed me to search her. I did not ask her to strip. I said, "Take your things off."</p>
<rs id="t19130401-29-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-29-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-29-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<rs id="t19130401-29-punishment-38" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-29-punishment-38" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-29-punishment-38" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-29-19130401 t19130401-29-punishment-38"/> Six months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130401-30">
<interp inst="t19130401-30" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130401"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-30" type="date" value="19130401"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-30-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-19130401 t19130401-30-offence-1 t19130401-30-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-30-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-30-19130401 t19130401-30-offence-1 t19130401-30-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-30-19130401" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-30-19130401" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19130401" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19130401" type="surname" value="BACON"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19130401" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19130401" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BACON</hi>, John (23, labourer)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-30-19130401" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-30-19130401" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-30-19130401" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def2-30-19130401" type="surname" value="COOMBS"/>
<interp inst="def2-30-19130401" type="given" value="CHARLES FREDERICK"/>
<interp inst="def2-30-19130401" type="occupation" value="carman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COOMBS</hi>, Charles Frederick (25, carman)</persName>
<rs id="t19130401-30-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-30-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-30-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>; both breaking and entering the warehouse of
<persName id="t19130401-name-171" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-171" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-30-offence-1 t19130401-name-171"/>Stanley Marsh Brown</persName> with intent to steal therein.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. F. Norvill prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19130401-30-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-30-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-30-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-172" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-172" type="surname" value="STANNER"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-172" type="given" value="WILLIAM LESLIE"/>WILLIAM LESLIE STANNER</persName> </hi>, clerk, Smart and Company, tea dealers, 6, Rangoon Street, E.C. On March 12 I locked up our premises at 6.20 p.m. This is the padlock that I secured the doors with. The jemmy produced is not our property. As far as I know nothing was stolen from the warehouse. About 8.30 next morning I found that the padlock had been wrenched off and the doors forced. The police were there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SAMUEL MOODY</hi>, 268 City Police. On March 12 at 6.45 p.m. I was coming from Northumberland Alley. Turning through Rangoon Street I saw a horse and van outside No. 6. On approaching the van I heard a low whistle, which appeared to come from the direction of the van, and a sound as of a bolt dropping inside the door of No. 6. Prisoner Bacon came from the door and jumped on the front of the van, which was driven off at a gallop. I did not see Coombs then. I followed the van, which collided twice with the kerb, to the Minories. I called upon Coombs, the driver, to stop. He did so. I asked Bacon his reason for being in Rangoon Street. He made no reply. Coombs said, "I am only on hire and sent by the governor to do a job for this man," meaning Bacon. I asked Bacon to get off the van, which he did, and under his feet lay a jemmy and pad
<lb/>lock. The latter has been identified as prosecutor's. With the assist
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010048"/>
<p>of another officer I took them back to Rangoon Street. I examined the door and found that the padlock had been forced off and the outer door forced open. When charged Bacon made no reply; Coombs repeated the statement he had made to me in the Minories.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES KEMP</hi>, 51 C. On March 12 at 7.10 p.m. I examined the premises, 6, Rangoon Street. I found a padlock was missing and the outer door had been forced open. The marks on the door corres
<lb/>ponded with the sides of this jemmy.</p>
<p>Prisoner Coombs handed in the following statement: "On March 12 I was instructed by my employer, Mr. Edward Back, to go on hire with prisoner Bacon till such time as he had finished a job. I picked Bacon up in Vallance Road, Bethnal Green, and drove him to Rangoon Street, where Bacon got out of the van, leaving me sitting in the van on the off side. He could not have left me two minutes before he jumped on the van and said, 'Right away.' I drove in the direction he told me. I have been doing odd jobs for Back four years. The owner of the horse and van is Edward Back, 126, Blackwell Buildings, Whitechapel."</p>
<rs id="t19130401-30-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-30-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-30-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>(Coombs), Guilty.</rs> </p>
<p>Bacon confessed to having been convicted at London Sessions on April 27, 1909, of felony, and other convictions were proved against him.</p>
<rs id="t19130401-30-punishment-39" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-30-punishment-39" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-30-punishment-39" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-19130401 t19130401-30-punishment-39"/>Bacon, eighteen months' hard labour</rs>;
<rs id="t19130401-30-punishment-40" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-30-punishment-40" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-30-punishment-40" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-30-19130401 t19130401-30-punishment-40"/>Coombs, six months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130401-31">
<interp inst="t19130401-31" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130401"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-31" type="date" value="19130401"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-31-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-31-19130401 t19130401-31-offence-1 t19130401-31-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-31-19130401" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-31-19130401" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19130401" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19130401" type="surname" value="ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19130401" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19130401" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALLEN</hi>, John (40, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19130401-31-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-31-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-31-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>; burglary in the dwelling house of
<persName id="t19130401-name-174" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-174" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-174" type="surname" value="GOLDHILL"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-174" type="given" value="SHIRLEY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-31-offence-1 t19130401-name-174"/>Shirley Goldhill</persName> and stealing therein one silver tea service and other articles, his goods, and one overcoat, the goods of
<persName id="t19130401-name-175" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-175" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-175" type="surname" value="GOLDHILL"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-175" type="given" value="COLEMAN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-31-offence-1 t19130401-name-175"/>Coleman Goldhill</persName>, and feloniously receiving the same.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. J. H. B. Fletcher prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES CAREY</hi>, 626 N. I was in Amherst Park, Stoke Newington, on February 26, and noticed the door of No. 45 safe at 3.30 a.m. At 4.30 I found it open. I aroused the occupant, Mrs. Goldhill. Her son came down first. I found the house in great confusion. The back kitchen door and window were open.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CHARLES MORGAN</hi>, 413 C. On February 25 I saw prisoner at 1.35 p.m. leaving Barker's, a pawnbrokers, 91, Hounds
<lb/>ditch. He was carrying a parcel in his right hand. I asked what he had got. He said "Only some old silver." He told me he had got it from a man half an hour previous in a public house in the Borough to sell. He was charged with unlawful possession. On the way to the station he said he should have to suffer for it. He said he knew the man but did not know his name. The description of the property was circulated, and prosecutor identified it next day.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS EVANS</hi>, N. I saw prisoner on February 27 at the Guildhall Police Court. I told him I should take him into custody for breaking and entering 45, Amherst Park between 11 p.m. on the 25th, and 4.30 a.m. on the 26th of this month, meaning February. He said, "I can prove where I was Tuesday night. I did not leave the 'Bell' public house, Brick Lane, till 12 o'clock that night. I then went and paid my lodging, and that would be about</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010049"/>
<p>12.10. Mitchell, a man that sleeps at the foot of my bed, can say that I was in bed." He was wearing this coat and muffler, which have been identified by prosecutor's son. When charged prisoner said, "I know nothing about the burglary."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-176" type="surname" value="GOLDHILL"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-176" type="given" value="LOUISE"/>LOUISE GOLDHILL</persName> </hi> and
<hi rend="smallCaps">COLEMAN GOLDHILL</hi> identified the property.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-177" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-177" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>BENJAMIN HALL</persName> </hi>, manager, common lodging house, 19, Brick Lane. On February 25 prisoner paid his lodging between 8 and 9 p.m. He did not go to bed then. I cleared the kitchen at 1 o'clock and shut the outside door. I did not see him then. He was in and out between 10 and 12. I did not see him next morning.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-178" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-178" type="surname" value="MITCHELL"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-178" type="given" value="WILLIAM CHARLES"/>WILLIAM CHARLES MITCHELL</persName> </hi>, waterside labourer, 19, Brick Lane. On Tuesday, February 25, I saw prisoner coming into the kitchen between 8.30 and 9 p.m. He asked me to call him at 6 a.m. next morning. I did not see him in bed, but he answered me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-179" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-179" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-179" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-179" type="given" value="HARRY"/>HARRY BROWN</persName> </hi>, night watchman, 19, Brick Lane. I went to bed at about 10.30 on February 25. I could not swear that prisoner was in bed then. I saw him during the night; he was asleep.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">EVANS</hi>. At prisoner's request, Detective Stevens attended at the Brixton Prison and took down a statement at prisoner's dictation. The statement read: "On February 26, about 2.45 p.m., I was in Brick Lane when I was called by George Gold, who was released from prison about two or three weeks' previous after serving fifteen or eighteen months' imprisonment. He said, 'Will you sell some old silver for me?' I said, 'Yes, I will try.' He then said, 'Where are you going to sell it?' I said, 'Barker's, pawnbrokers, Houndsditch.' He said, 'I will lend you this overcoat,' and he handed it to me. He also gave me the muffler which was wrapped up in paper. Harry Mason, waterside labourer, was with George Gold when he offered to lend me the muffler, which I took. I did not see any more silver in their possession. This conversation took place in Flower and Dean Street, Spitalfields, where I left Gold and Mason. I then went to Barker's, and asked the man in charge, who wore glasses, 'Will you buy any old silver?' I gave him the parcel. He took it to another part of the shop, and then came and said, 'What is your name and address?' I said, 'John Allen, 19, Brick Lane.' He said, 'Where did you get it from?' I replied, 'A man asked me to sell it for him.' He then said, 'Where did the man get it from?' I said, 'I do not know.' He then handed back the parcel saying, 'I do not want to buy it.' I left the pawnbroker's shop with the parcel in my hand. A policeman stood just by the shop door of the pawnbroker's and stopped me and asked, 'What have you got there?' I said, 'Some old silver I was trying to sell.' He said, 'Let us have a look at it.' I gave it to him. He examined it and said, 'You must come along with me to the station.' I said, 'All right.' I went to Bishopsgate Police Station, and I was charged with unlawful possession of the old silver. On February 26, the day I had the old silver given to me, I had not any breakfast. I had no money to get any; I thought by selling the old silver I might</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010050"/>
<p>earn a few coppers to get some food. If I had had any money to get some food I should not have done it. If I sold the silver I was to meet Gold and Mason later on in Flower and Dean Street to give them the money for the silver. Since I have been on remand, I have seen Gold in prison waiting trial at the County of London Sessions. He was charged with another man, George Green, for being suspected persons, and having a jemmy in their possession. I have heard that Mason has been charged with two other men with some offence, either at Old Street or Thames Police Court, and is now serving a term of 2 months' imprisonment. The name of one man is Tom Lewis, the other I do not know. If Gold or Mason had any other property in their possession I did not see it. I do not know what they did with it if they had any. This is an entirely voluntary statement. It has been read over to me and it is true."</p>
<rs id="t19130401-31-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-31-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-31-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>Guilty of receiving stolen goods; not guilty of burglary.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner confessed to having been convicted at London Sessions, on December 22, 1903, of felony, and other convictions were proved.</p>
<rs id="t19130401-31-punishment-41" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-31-punishment-41" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-31-punishment-41" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-31-19130401 t19130401-31-punishment-41"/>Eighteen months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Friday, April 4.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130401-32">
<interp inst="t19130401-32" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130401"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-32" type="date" value="19130401"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-32-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-32-19130401 t19130401-32-offence-1 t19130401-32-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-32-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-32-19130401 t19130401-32-offence-2 t19130401-32-verdict-"/>
<persName id="def1-32-19130401" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-32-19130401" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19130401" type="age" value="41"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19130401" type="surname" value="COOMBES"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19130401" type="given" value="VALENTINE LACEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19130401" type="occupation" value="no occupation"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COOMBES</hi>, Valentine Lacey (41, no occupation)</persName>
<rs id="t19130401-32-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-32-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-32-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, being an undischarged bankrupt unlawfully obtaining credit to the exent of £20 and upwards from
<persName id="t19130401-name-181" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-181" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-181" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-181" type="given" value="FRANK NEWSON"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-32-offence-1 t19130401-name-181"/>Frank Newson Smith</persName> and another without informing them that he was an undischarged bankrupt;</rs>
<rs id="t19130401-32-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-32-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-32-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>being an undischarged bankrupt unlawfully obtaining credit to the extent of £20 and upwards from
<persName id="t19130401-name-182" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-182" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-182" type="surname" value="ENSELL"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-182" type="given" value="CHARLES ALEXANDER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-32-offence-2 t19130401-name-182"/>Charles Alexander Ensell</persName> and others without inform
<lb/>ing them that he was an undischarged bankrupt; unlawfully obtaining credit from
<persName id="t19130401-name-183" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-183" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-183" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-183" type="given" value="FRANK NEWSON"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-32-offence-2 t19130401-name-183"/>Frank Newson Smith</persName> and another for £1,620 4s., and from
<persName id="t19130401-name-184" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-184" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-184" type="surname" value="ENSELL"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-184" type="given" value="CHARLES ALEXANDER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-32-offence-2 t19130401-name-184"/>Charles Alexander Ensell</persName> and others for £1,568 11s. 9d., in each case under false pretences and by means of other fraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Curtis Bennett and Mr. Ivan Snell prosecuted.</p>
<p>Prisoner was tried on the first indictment.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-185" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-185" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-185" type="surname" value="NORTON"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-185" type="given" value="JASON DELDYS"/>JASON DELDYS NORTON</persName> </hi>, authorised clerk to F. Newson Smith and Co., stock brokers, 1, Drapers' Gardens. On February 14 we received the letter produced: "45, St. Andrew's Road, Hove, Sussex. February 13, 1913. Dear Sirs, If you could buy £3,000 G.N.R. converted ordinary stock at 52 1/2 or thereabouts, including the necessary declared dividend of 2 3/4 per cent. now payable, I shall be very obliged, and therefore await your early reply. Mr. Wilfred H. Godfrey has kindly recommended your firm to the writer. Yours faithfully, Owen Williams." In consequence of the name of "Wilfred H. Godfrey" appearing in that letter, we did as requested, buying the stock at a cost of £1,620 4s., including stamp duty. We then sent letter (produced) to "Owen Williams, Esq., 45, St. Andrew's Road, Hove, Sussex. February 14, 1913. Dear Sir, We thank you very much</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010051"/>
<p>for your letter of the 13th, and now have the pleasure to enclose you contract note for the purchase of £3,000 G.N.R. Deferred Stock at 53 3/4 cum dividend," etc. Settlement took place on February 27. On February 23, in reply to a letter from us, we received letter (produced): "45, St. Andrew's Road, Hove, Sussex, J. D. Norton, Esq. Dear Sir, With reference to your recent letter, if you do not hear from me to the contrary by the first post Tuesday morning next, I shall be very much obliged if you will kindly defer settlement for about ten days or a little longer if possible. Thanking you in anticipation, yours faithfully, Owen Williams." On February 27 we sent letter (produced) asking for payment of £22 14s., that being the amount the stock had fallen. We received no answer. On March 1 we wrote letter (pro
<lb/>duced). "Dear Sir, Since writing to you on the 27th we have learned your identity, and in consequence have therefore closed the transaction which unfortunately you induced us to open. Yours faithfully, Frank Newson Smith and Co." We then closed the Stock at a loss of £22 14s. At the time we purchased this Stock we had no idea that prisoner was an undischarged bankrupt.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by prisoner. We thought you were going to take up the Stock; we did not think you were speculating in differences.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-186" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-186" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-186" type="surname" value="GODFREV"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-186" type="given" value="WILFRED HENRY"/>WILFRED HENRY GODFREV</persName> </hi>, of Godfrey and Godfrey, 4 and 5, West Smithfield, solicitors. On January 28 we received postcard (produced): "January 27, 1913. 45, St. Andrew's Road, Hove, Sussex. Dear Sirs, Old Southgate, particulars of above property will be appreciated by the writer, who will also be glad if you could recommend a firm of stock-brokers. Yours faithfully, Owen Williams."</p>
<p>The Common Serjeant ruled that this was not admissible; it was not necessary on this indictment to show fraudulent intent.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-187" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-187" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-187" type="surname" value="MACKRELL"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-187" type="given" value="FREDERICK CHARLES"/>FREDERICK CHARLES MACKRELL</persName> </hi>, usher, Wandsworth County Court. I produce file in the bankruptcy of Valentine Lacey Coombes, whom I recognise as the prisoner. He was adjudicated bankrupt on January 28, 1907, liabilities, £1,512. He has never been discharged.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HENRY PHILLIPS</hi>. On March 18, at 10 p.m. I saw prisoner at 45, St. Andrew's Road, Portslade, Sussex. I read to him a warrant which I held for his arrest for unlawfully obtaining credit whilst an undischarged bankrupt. He made no reply. I know prisoner's handwriting very well indeed; letters produced signed "Owen Williams" were written by him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-188" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-188" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-188" type="surname" value="COOMBES"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-188" type="given" value="VALENTINE LACEY"/>VALENTINE LACEY COOMBES</persName> </hi> (prisoner on oath) admitted that he had sent the letters produced in the name of "Owen Williams," but sub
<lb/>mitted that that was not obtaining credit within the meaning of the Statute.</p>
<rs id="t19130401-32-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-32-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-32-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>. The remaining indictments were not proceeded with.</p>
<p>Six convictions beginning in 1902 for similar offences were proved.</p>
<rs id="t19130401-32-punishment-42" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-32-punishment-42" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-32-punishment-42" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-32-19130401 t19130401-32-punishment-42"/>Twelve months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130401-33">
<interp inst="t19130401-33" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130401"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-33" type="date" value="19130401"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-33-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-19130401 t19130401-33-offence-1 t19130401-33-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010052"/>
<persName id="def1-33-19130401" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-33-19130401" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19130401" type="age" value="47"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19130401" type="surname" value="RILEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19130401" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19130401" type="occupation" value="fitter's labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RILEY</hi>, Thomas, (47, fitter's labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19130401-33-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-33-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-33-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, feloniously uttering counter
<lb/>feit coin; unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Robert Wilkinson prosecuted; Mr. G. St. John McDonald defended.</p>
<p>Prisoner was tried upon the first indictment.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-190" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-190" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-190" type="surname" value="CLINCH"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-190" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS CLINCH</persName> </hi>, 202, St. James's-road, Bermondsey, newsagent. On March 19, at about 2 p.m., prisoner called for a 2d. packet of Nosegay, tendering in payment a shilling (produced), which was laid down on the counter before I came out of the private part of the shop to serve him. I gave him the tobacco, a sixpence, and four coppers. Prisoner stayed filling his pipe and talking about the weather Just then a police-sergeant entered the shop. Prisoner looked sharply over his shoulder, said "Good-day," and left the shop hurriedly. In conse
<lb/>quence of a communication I made to him, the sergeant went out of the shop, returning shortly after with prisoner, whom he searched in my shop, and found on him two sixpences, several coppers, and three or four other packets of tobacco. Prisoner was then conveyed to the police station.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I do not recollect the sergeant asking prisoner where he got the shilling from. I may have said so at the police court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE HYAM</hi>, 15M, corroborated. I came up to prisoner about 100 yards from the shop, and said to him, "I have reason to believe that you passed a bad shilling in a tobacconist's shop." Prisoner replied, "Not uttering." I took him back to the shop, searched him, and found on him two sixpences and 11 1/2 d. bronze good money, and three packets of tobacco produced in his left-hand overcoat pocket. I said to prisoner, "How do you account for buy
<lb/>ing tobacco when you had already three other packets in your pocket at the time?" He made no reply. I conveyed him to the police station. When charged he made no reply. As I took prisoner out of the shop, a man whom I had seen outside ran away.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. One packet of tobacco is old and dry; the others are quite fresh. It is not true to say that when I searched his pockets for this tobacco I found a hole in his pocket and found some of the packets in the lining of his coat. There may have been a small hole, but I did not have to feel round the lining of his coat to find the tobacco. I did not ask prisoner where he got the shilling. I could not understand what the prisoner was saying in the shop; he was like a madman. He did not say to me, "I got the shilling accidentally in change at 6.30 this morning at the 'Round House' public-house." When I went out of the shop after prisoner he was walking rather sharply. I put my hand on his shoulder; he made no struggle.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-191" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-191" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-191" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-191" type="given" value="SIDNEY WILLIAM"/>SIDNEY WILLIAM SMITH</persName> </hi>, Assistant Assayer, H.M. Mint. The shil
<lb/>ling produced is counterfeit; it is moderately well made.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I should say it has not the ring of an ordinary coin.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-192" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-192" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-192" type="surname" value="RILEY"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-192" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS RILEY</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I started out on March 19 with a</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010053"/>
<p>florin in my possession at 5.30 a.m.; that was all the money I had. I called in at the "Round House" public-house, Vauxhall, and paid 1 1/2 d. for a drink, receiving in change 1s. 6d. in silver and 4 1/2 d. in bronze. I then had a 3d. breakfast at Lockhart's Restaurant close by. I ten
<lb/>dered the shilling at prosecutor's shop as he says; I did not know it was counterfeit. I did not load my pipe in the shop. I walked out of the shop at my ordinary pace. When I was about 100 yards from the shop I heard a shout; I looked round, and saw prosecutor shouting to the sergeant, who had stopped a man on the left, telling him to stop "the man on the right." The sergeant then arrested me because I had the packet of tobacco in my hand. He said to me, "I will take you into custody for uttering a counterfeit coin in a paper shop down here." I said "I was not aware that it was bad." He took me back to the shop and again accused me of passing a bad coin. I said to Clinch "I am very sorry, sir, but I know where I have got it from; I got it in change for a 2s. piece this morning at what they call the 'Round House' public-house, Vauxhall." The sergeant searched me, but in the shop he only found this packet of tobacco which I had just purchased. At the station he found three old packets of tobacco which had got hidden away in the lining of my pocket. He broke a hole in my pocket before he could find them. I did not know those packets were in my pocket. (To the Court.) When I went into the shop all the coppers I had was 1 1/2 d.—I had spent 4 1/2 d. of the florin on drink and breakfast.</p>
<rs id="t19130401-33-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-33-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-33-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>. The second indictment was not proceeded with. Prisoner confessed to having been convicted, at this Court, on May 23, 1911, in the name of Thomas Hall, of possessing a mould and counter
<lb/>feit coin. Another conviction was proved.</p>
<rs id="t19130401-33-punishment-43" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-33-punishment-43" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-33-punishment-43" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-19130401 t19130401-33-punishment-43"/>Eighteen months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130401-34">
<interp inst="t19130401-34" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130401"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-34" type="date" value="19130401"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-34-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-34-19130401 t19130401-34-offence-1 t19130401-34-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-34-19130401" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-34-19130401" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19130401" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19130401" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19130401" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19130401" type="occupation" value="coal porter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BROWN</hi>, Edward (23, coal porter)</persName>
<rs id="t19130401-34-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-34-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-34-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, unlawfully possessing counter
<lb/>feit coin, with intent to utter the same, and unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Robert Wilkinson prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HORACE CHARLES PHIPPS</hi>, City. On February 26, at 7.30 p.m., I was on duty in Fore Street in company with Detective Brad
<lb/>shaw, when I saw prisoner go into "The Grapes" public-house; we went into the next bar, spoke to the barmaid, and came outside again. Pri
<lb/>soner came out, went along Fore Street to London Wall, where he wanted for some time, apparently looking for somebody. He then came back, went into the bar of "The Globe" public-house, and walked to Liverpool Street. I told prisoner we were police officers and asked him what he was doing loitering about the city this time of night. He said, "I get my living here." I said, "I believe you have just uttered a counterfeit half-crown at 'The Grapes' public-house." Prisoner replied, "That is so." I searched him; in his right hand waistcoat pocket I found bent counterfeit half-crown (produced). He had no other money in his possession. He was then taken to the police station. When charged with uttering a counterfeit half-crown at "The Grapes," he replied, "I did not know it was counterfeit." I also found upon him</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010054"/>
<p>key (produced); it has a disc "97" attached to it. We asked him what it was. Prisoner said it was the key of his locker at 19, Brick Lane. Bradshaw and I went that night to No. 19, Brick Lane and opened locker 97 with this key. Concealed under a piece of serge cloth we found five counterfeit half-crowns all wrapped up separately in tissue paper (produced). I showed the coins to prisoner and told him where they were found; he replied, "I do not know anything about them." When charged with possessing counterfeit coin he made no reply.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by prisoner. You did not speak to anybody while we had you under observation. You walked very slowly away from "The Grapes" public-house. At the station I asked you your address; you immediately gave me your correct address.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FRANCIS BRADSHAW</hi>, City, corroborated. On the way to the police station prisoner said, "I carried a soldier's luggage from Liver
<lb/>pool Street Station to Moorgate Street Station; he gave me a drink and the half-crown; I then asked him if he would not give me my fare home, and he then gave me a penny."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-194" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-194" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-194" type="surname" value="WARD"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-194" type="given" value="MAY"/>MAY WARD</persName> </hi>, barmaid, "The Grapes" public-house, 86, Fore Street. On February 26, between 7.30 and 8 p.m., prisoner called for a pony of bitter and 1d. worth of tobacco, costing 2d., and prisoner tendered counterfeit half-crown (produced) in payment. I gave the half-crown to the proprietor, who bent it and returned it to prisoner. I said to prisoner, "You know what you have given me here." He replied, "I have got no more money upon me except a penny. Give me the half-crown back and the penny will pay for the beer; I shall keep the coin." I spoke to Detective Phipps.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-195" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-195" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-195" type="surname" value="SEARS"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-195" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY SEARS</persName> </hi>, night watchman, 19 Brick Lane, common lodging-house. Prisoner stayed at our lodging-house for four months before his arrest; he had locker No. 97. On February 26 I pointed out prisoner's locker to the detectives.</p>
<p>To prisoner. I did not see the detectives open your locker; I do not know whether they went to your locker or not. Several weeks before your arrest you complained to me that somebody had been to your locker and taken some things out. The keys of other people's lockers would open your locker. If a man loses his key we do not supply him with a new one; he has to borrow somebody else's key.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-196" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-196" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-196" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-196" type="given" value="SIDNEY WILLIAM"/>SIDNEY WILLIAM SMITH</persName> </hi>, Assistant Assayer, H.M. Mint. The six half-crowns produced are all counterfeit, and all made from the same pattern piece.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-197" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-197" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-197" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-197" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD BROWN</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath). I admit the truth of the evidence for the prosecution. When I was arrested I told the police officers my address and what the key was. If a man was guilty of such a crime, do you think he would send people to a place knowing that when they got there they would find five more counterfeit coins? Some
<lb/>body may have had a spite against me and put those five counterfeit coins in my locker. I met a soldier at Liverpool Street the day I was arrested; he said he wanted to get to King's Cross. I said, "You had better get to Moorgate Street." He said, "I am in no hurry to get there and we will have a walk." I took him for a walk round and took him to Moorgate Street. I earn my living as a porter. He asked how</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010055"/>
<p>much I wanted. I said, "I will leave it to you." He took out a pocketful of money and gave me a half-crown. He said, "Will that do?" I said, "Yes, if you like to give me a penny I will ride home." He gave me a penny. I called in at "The Grapes" public-house to get a drink, tending in payment the half-crown the soldier had given me. I did not know it was bad. I then walked to Liverpool Street Station, where I earn my living, thinking to meet a couple of chaps I know. I was arrested.</p>
<rs id="t19130401-34-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-34-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-34-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Several previous convictions were proved.</p>
<rs id="t19130401-34-punishment-44" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-34-punishment-44" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-34-punishment-44" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-34-19130401 t19130401-34-punishment-44"/>Fifteen months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUDGE RENTOUL</hi>.</p>
<p>(Friday, April 4.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130401-35">
<interp inst="t19130401-35" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130401"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-35" type="date" value="19130401"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130401-35-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-35-19130401 t19130401-35-offence-1 t19130401-35-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-35-19130401" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-35-19130401" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19130401" type="age" value="44"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19130401" type="surname" value="REEDER"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19130401" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19130401" type="occupation" value="no occupation"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">REEDER</hi>, Ada Annie,
<hi rend="italic">otherwise
<rs id="t19130401-alias-2" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-35-19130401 t19130401-alias-2"/> Goodson </rs> </hi>(44, no occupation)</persName>
<rs id="t19130401-35-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130401-35-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-35-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>, felo
<lb/>niously marrying
<persName id="t19130401-name-199" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-199" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-199" type="surname" value="GODSON"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-199" type="given" value="FREDERICK THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130401-35-offence-1 t19130401-name-199"/>Frederick Thomas Godson</persName>, her former husband being then alive.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Douglas prosecuted; Mr. Huntly Jenkins defended.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES LANE</hi>. I went to prisoner's house on March 3. I told her I was a police officer. I said, "I have come to arrest you for bigamously marrying one Frederick Thomas Godson on August 9, 1899, at the Registry Office, Hackney." She said, "It is all a mistake; my first husband was dead when I married Mr. Godson." I then said to her, "If you care to tell me when and where he died I will obtain you a death certificate." She said, "It is so long ago, I do not remember." I took her to the Tottenham Police Station, where she was formally charged.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. She said at once, "It is a mistake; my first husband was dead when I married Mr. Godson." Her second husband laid the information.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-200" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-200" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-200" type="surname" value="BOWDEN"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-200" type="given" value="HENRIETTA"/>HENRIETTA BOWDEN</persName> </hi>. I was present at Old Hackney Parish Church in 1884 when prisoner was married to William John Reeder. He was my brother. I signed the register and was the witness of the mar
<lb/>riage. I last saw my brother about eight years ago.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The last time I saw prisoner was 23 years ago. I was told that she got a separation order against my brother. I do not know that there was a warrant issued for his arrest.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-201" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-201" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-201" type="surname" value="LACK"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-201" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH LACK</persName> </hi>, sister of William John Reeder. I last saw my brother eight years ago. I saw prisoner about 18 months ago at my house. She wanted me to say that my brother was dead. I said, "He is not dead"; she said, "Say he is dead"; I said, "No, he is is not dead."</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I met my brother quite by accident eight years ago. I asked him nothing about himself. I was not on good terms with my brother.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-202" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-202" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-202" type="surname" value="PUDDIFATT"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-202" type="given" value="FREDERICK JAMES"/>FREDERICK JAMES PUDDIFATT</persName> </hi>, Clerk to the Justices, Edmonton</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191304010056"/>
<p>Division, Middlesex, produced the register kept by that Court under the Summary Jurisdiction Act. There is an entry on March 11, 1893, which is a receipt purporting to be given in the name of A. A. Reeder. There is an entry on August 10, 1893, which purports to be a receipt signed by Ada Reeder. The next receipt is September 27, 1893; the next, March 2, 1894. All these receipts are for sums paid under a warrant. There is another receipt on April 13, 1894, and the last re
<lb/>ceipt is June 1, 1894.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. These sums were in respect of proceedings against William John Reeder for non-compliance with a maintenance order. There is no payment since June 1, 1894.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-203" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-203" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-203" type="surname" value="GODSON"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-203" type="given" value="FREDERICK THOMAS"/>FREDERICK THOMAS GODSON</persName> </hi>, telegraph clerk. On August 9, 1899, I went through a form of marriage with prisoner at the Registry Office, Hackney. I identify the copy of the certificate (produced). I knew prisoner about four months before I went through the form of mar
<lb/>riage with her. She told me her husband was dead before the marriage and was buried in Hermitage Cemetery, Manchester. On April 25, 1900, prisoner said to me, "I am going to make a confession to you; my husband is alive; what shall I do?" I continued living with her after that up to last March. On March 7 I went to business in the morning and when I arrived home I could not get in; I found the house empty and all my furniture gone. Prisoner has not been back home since. She has since then instituted proceedings against me for restitution of conjugal rights.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I lived with her after she told me she was a mar
<lb/>ried woman until March, 1912. I gave information to the police about this matter on October 17 last. I made up my mind to prose
<lb/>cute her because I led such a miserable life with her. I have been living unhappily with her for eight or nine years. She did not tell me all about her former marriage before I married her. After I knew she was a married woman I still wrote affectionate letters to her. I once made a will in her favour after I knew she was married.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130401-name-204" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130401-name-204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-204" type="surname" value="WINTLE"/>
<interp inst="t19130401-name-204" type="given" value="HENRY"/>