<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<p>MARCH, 1913.</p>
<p>Vol. CLVIII.] [Part 942</p>
<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<persName id="t19130304-name-1">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-1" type="surname" value="WALPOLE"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-1" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WALPOLE</persName> & CO.,</p>
<p>Shorthand Writers to the Court.</p>
<p>EDITED BY</p>
<p>[Published by Annual Subscription.]</p>
<persName id="t19130304-name-2">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-2" type="surname" value="WALPOLE"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-2" type="given" value="GEO"/>GEO. WALPOLE</persName> & CO., PORTUGAL STREET BUILDINGS, LINCOLN'S INN, W.C.</p>
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<p>On the King's Commission of</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>Held on Tuesday, March 4th, 1913, and following days.</p>
<p>Before the Right Hon. Sir
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-3" type="surname" value="BURNETT"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-3" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID BURNETT</persName> </hi>, Knight,
<hi rend="largeCaps">LORD MAYOR</hi> of the said City of London; the Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN ELDON BANKES</hi>, Knight, one of the Justices of His Majesty's High Court; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-4" type="surname" value="NEWTON"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-4" type="given" value="ALFRED JAMES"/>ALFRED JAMES NEWTON</persName> </hi>, Bart.; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">WM. PURDIE TRELOAR</hi>, Bart.; The Rt. Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">T.
<persName id="t19130304-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-5" type="surname" value="STRONG"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-5" type="given" value="VEZEY"/>VEZEY STRONG</persName> </hi>, K.C.V.O.; Sir T.
<hi rend="smallCaps">BOOR CROSBY</hi>, M.D., LL.D.; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-6" type="surname" value="DUNN"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-6" type="given" value="WM HY"/>WM. HY. DUNN</persName> </hi>, Knight; and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-7" type="surname" value="ROLL"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-7" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES ROLL</persName> </hi>, Esq., Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-8" type="surname" value="FULTON"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-8" type="given" value="FORREST"/>FORREST FULTON</persName> </hi>, Knight, K.C., Recorder of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-9" type="surname" value="BOSANQUET"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-9" type="given" value="FK ALBERT"/>FK. ALBERT BOSANQUET</persName> </hi>, Knight, Common Serjeant of the said City; His Honour Judge
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-10" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-10" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-10" type="given" value="LUMLEY"/>LUMLEY SMITH</persName> </hi>, K.C., Commissioner; and His Honour Judge
<hi rend="smallCaps">RENTOUL</hi>, K.C., Commissioner; His Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-11" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-11" type="surname" value="COOPER"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-11" type="given" value="EDWARD ERNEST"/>EDWARD ERNEST COOPER</persName> </hi>, Esq., Alderman,</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-12" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-12" type="surname" value="BOWER"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-12" type="given" value="ALFRED LOUIS"/>ALFRED LOUIS BOWER</persName> </hi>, Esq.,</p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-13" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-13" type="surname" value="LANGTON"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-13" type="given" value="JOSEPH DAVID"/>JOSEPH DAVID LANGTON</persName> </hi>, Esq.,</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">E.V. HUXTABLE</hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BURNETT, MAYOR. FIFTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE RECORDER</hi>.</p>
<p>(Tuesday, March 4.)</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19130304-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-14" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-14" type="surname" value="PEARCE"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-14" type="given" value="JOHN WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-14" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PEARCE</hi>, John William (19, labourer)</persName>,
<persName id="t19130304-name-15">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-15" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-15" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-15" type="surname" value="GRIFFITHS"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-15" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-15" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GRIFFITHS</hi>, Henry (17, labourer)</persName>, and
<persName id="t19130304-name-16">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-16" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-16" type="age" value=""/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-16" type="surname" value="PAYNE"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-16" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-16" type="occupation" value=""/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PAYNE</hi>, James</persName>, who pleaded guilty last Session (see page 361) of warehousebreaking and forgery were brought up for judg
<p>It was stated that nothing was known against prisoners, who bore good characters. They had been in prison since January 20. They were now released, each on his own recognisances in £20, to come up for judgment if called upon.</p>
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<interp inst="def1-2-19130304" type="given" value="EDWARD JOHN WALTER"/>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">CRANDLE</hi>, Edward John Walter (28; postman)</persName>,
<rs id="t19130304-2-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
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<rs id="t19130304-2-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-2-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-2-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>of stealing a postal packet, a ring, and 2s. 3d. in money, the pro
<lb/>perty of
<persName id="t19130304-name-18" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-18" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130304-2-offence-1 t19130304-name-18"/>His Majesty's Postmaster-General</persName>, he being an officer of the Post Office.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Forster Boulton prosecuted.</p>
<p>Prisoner had been in the Royal Army Medical Corps, serving eight years with the colours, and attaining the rank of corporal.</p>
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<interp inst="t19130304-2-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-2-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-2-19130304 t19130304-2-punishment-1"/>Six months' imprisonment, second division.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">PASMORE</hi>, Frank John (20, postman)</persName>,
<rs id="t19130304-3-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-3-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
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<interp inst="t19130304-3-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-3-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>of on
<rs id="t19130304-cd-1" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130304-3-offence-1 t19130304-cd-1"/>Janu
<lb/>ary 13, 1913</rs>, stealing a postal packet and a postal order for 2s. 6d., the property of
<persName id="t19130304-name-20" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-20" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130304-3-offence-1 t19130304-name-20"/>His Majesty's Postmaster-General</persName>, he being an officer of the Post Office;</rs>
<rs id="t19130304-3-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-3-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-3-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>on same date, stealing a postal packet and a postal order for 2s. 6d., the property of
<persName id="t19130304-name-21" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-21" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130304-3-offence-2 t19130304-name-21"/>His Majesty's Postmaster-General</persName>, he being an officer of the Post Office;</rs>
<rs id="t19130304-3-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-3-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-3-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>on
<rs id="t19130304-cd-2" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130304-3-offence-3 t19130304-cd-2"/>January 9, 1913</rs>, stealing a postal packet and a postal order for 9s., the property of
<persName id="t19130304-name-22" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-22" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130304-3-offence-3 t19130304-name-22"/>His Majesty's Postmaster General</persName>, he being an officer of the Post Office.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Forster Boulton prosecuted.</p>
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<interp inst="t19130304-3-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-3-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-3-19130304 t19130304-3-punishment-2"/>Eight months' hard labour upon each indictment, to run concurrently.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-4-19130304" type="age" value="49"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19130304" type="surname" value="BLOXHAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19130304" type="given" value="FRANCIS LEBUTT"/>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">BLOXHAM</hi>, Francis Lebutt (49, postman)</persName>,
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<interp inst="t19130304-4-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-4-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>of stealing a postal packet and 5s. 7d. in money, the property of
<persName id="t19130304-name-24" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-24" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130304-4-offence-1 t19130304-name-24"/>His Majesty's Postmaster-General</persName>, he being an officer of the Post Office.</rs> </p>
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<p>Mr. Forster Boulton prosecuted.</p>
<rs id="t19130304-4-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-4-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-4-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-4-19130304 t19130304-4-punishment-3"/>Eight months' imprisonment, second division.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-5-19130304" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19130304" type="age" value="48"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19130304" type="surname" value="BARRETT"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19130304" type="given" value="JOSEPH PATRICK"/>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">BARRETT</hi>, Joseph Patrick (48, postman)</persName>
<rs id="t19130304-5-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-5-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-5-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, stealing a postal packet, a chain, and 5s. in money, the property of
<persName id="t19130304-name-26" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-26" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130304-5-offence-1 t19130304-name-26"/>His Majesty's Postmaster-General</persName>, he being an officer of the Post Office.</rs>
<rs id="t19130304-5-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-5-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-5-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Forster Boulton prosecuted.</p>
<p>Prisoner had been in the 2nd City of London Fusiliers, serving 12 years with the colours, and going through the South African war.</p>
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<interp inst="t19130304-5-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-5-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-5-19130304 t19130304-5-punishment-4"/>Six months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-6-19130304" type="surname" value="HAMBLETON"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19130304" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19130304" type="occupation" value="postman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HAMBLETON</hi>, William (24, postman)</persName>,
<rs id="t19130304-6-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-6-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-6-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19130304-6-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-6-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-6-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>of on
<rs id="t19130304-cd-3" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130304-6-offence-1 t19130304-cd-3"/>Decem
<lb/>ber 4, 1912</rs>, stealing a postal packet and a postal order for 2s. 6d., the property of
<persName id="t19130304-name-28" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-28" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>His Majesty's Postmaster-General</persName>, he being an officer of the Post Office;</rs>
<rs id="t19130304-6-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-6-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-6-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>on
<rs id="t19130304-cd-4" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130304-6-offence-2 t19130304-cd-4"/>February 13, 1913</rs>, stealing out of a postal packet in course of transmission by post, a postal order for 2s. 6d., the pro
<lb/>perty of
<persName id="t19130304-name-29" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-29" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130304-6-offence-2 t19130304-name-29"/>His Majesty's Postmaster-General</persName>, he being an officer of the Post Office.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Forster Boulton prosecuted.</p>
<rs id="t19130304-6-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-6-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-6-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-6-19130304 t19130304-6-punishment-5"/>Eight months' hard labour upon each indictment, to run concurrently.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19130304-7" type="date" value="19130304"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-7-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-7-19130304 t19130304-7-offence-1 t19130304-7-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-7-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-7-19130304 t19130304-7-offence-1 t19130304-7-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-7-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-7-19130304 t19130304-7-offence-2 t19130304-7-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-7-19130304" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-7-19130304" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19130304" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19130304" type="surname" value="HAROLD"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19130304" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19130304" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HAROLD</hi>, Charles (22, labourer)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-7-19130304" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-7-19130304" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-7-19130304" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def2-7-19130304" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="def2-7-19130304" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def2-7-19130304" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHNSON</hi>, George (28, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19130304-7-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-7-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-7-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, both burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t19130304-name-32" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-32" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-32" type="surname" value="STEVENS"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-32" type="given" value="KATE MARY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130304-7-offence-1 t19130304-name-32"/>Kate Mary Stevens</persName> with intent to steal therein; </rs>
<rs id="t19130304-7-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-7-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-7-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>both feloniously causing certain grievous bodily harm to and wounding
<persName id="t19130304-name-33" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-33" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-33" type="surname" value="STEVENS"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-33" type="given" value="KATE MARY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130304-7-offence-2 t19130304-name-33"/>Kate Mary Stevens</persName> with intent to do her some grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19130304-7-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-7-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-7-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>pleaded guilty to the first indictment and was not tried on the second;</rs> Johnson
<rs id="t19130304-7-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-7-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-7-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty to both indictments.</rs> </p>
<p>Johnson confessed to having been convicted, at London Sessions, on June 12, 1906, in the name of George Eales, of larceny, and many other convictions were proved. Harold had been bound over in August, 1910, for larceny.</p>
<p>The prosecutrix, an old lady of 83 and a cripple, had been very brutally assaulted, narrowly escaping with her life.</p>
<p>Sentences: Harold,
<rs id="t19130304-7-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-7-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-7-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-7-19130304 t19130304-7-punishment-6"/>Eighteen months' hard labour</rs>; Johnson,
<rs id="t19130304-7-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-7-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-7-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-7-19130304 t19130304-7-punishment-7"/>one week's hard labour in respect of the burglary;</rs>
<rs id="t19130304-7-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-7-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-7-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-7-19130304 t19130304-7-punishment-8"/>five years' penal servi
<lb/>tude in respect of other offence; to run concurrently.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130304-8">
<interp inst="t19130304-8" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130304"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-8" type="date" value="19130304"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-8-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-8-19130304 t19130304-8-offence-1 t19130304-8-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-8-19130304" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-8-19130304" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19130304" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19130304" type="surname" value="BROWNE"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19130304" type="given" value="EDWARD JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19130304" type="occupation" value="gasfitter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BROWNE</hi>, Edward John (28, gasfitter)</persName>
<rs id="t19130304-8-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-8-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-8-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, forging and uttering, knowing the same to be forged, an authority and request for the pay
<lb/>ment of £10, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Forster Boulton prosecuted; Mr. W.W. Grantham defended.</p>
<persName id="t19130304-name-35" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-35" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-35" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE WHITE</hi> </persName> (attached to the General Post Office). On February 13 I saw prisoner go to Customs Station Post Office. He handed the clerk the book (Exhibit 1), the clerk gave him the warrant (Exhibit 2); this he filled up and signed, also the receipt form (Exhibit 3), purporting to be signed by Richard Vickers, T. Gell, and A. Gell. I asked him to go with me to the General Post Office and he did so. There, after the usual caution, he said he had nothing to say. Later he said, "I did sign the warrant; the money</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191303040007"/>
<p>is wanted to pay the lodge dues at the chief office; the two trustees, T. and A. Gell, whose names I signed, have resigned, and their two successors have not yet received their papers to sign as trustees." At the end of January a notice of withdrawal had been sent, and was re
<lb/>turned by the department on the ground that it did not bear the sig
<lb/>natures of all the trustees. Prisoner wrote on February 1 stating that another member of the society had signed for A. Gell, as he was not available, so that there might be no delay.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. T. and A. Gell did resign last September. Pri
<lb/>soner has been many years employed by the Gas Light and Coke Com
<lb/>pany and is still there. He has been secretary of the lodge referred to (the Pride of Custom House Lodge Friendly Society) for the last two years.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-36" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-36" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-36" type="surname" value="BARNARD"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-36" type="given" value="SYBIL"/>SYBIL BARNARD</persName> </hi>, assistant at the Customs Station Post Office, corro
<lb/>borated as to the prisoner coming in on February 13.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-37" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-37" type="surname" value="GELL"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-37" type="given" value="ALFRED THOMAS"/>ALFRED THOMAS GELL</persName> </hi>, lighterman. I am a member of this lodge and was a trustee up to September last. Prisoner was secretary. The signatures in my name on the documents produced are not in my writ
<lb/>ing; I never authorised anyone to sign them.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. It was the custom in our society for us to sign each others names to save time. Sometimes when I have been away I have given prisoner authority to draw out money for the purposes of the lodge; there are certain dues, such as sick pay, that must be paid as they are wanted, and I might be away on the river for days together. I know that on January 13 there was about £10 required for dues. I have known prisoner since he was a boy; he is of the highest character, and I do not think in this case he had any criminal intention.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-38" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-38" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-38" type="surname" value="VICKERS"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-38" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD VICKERS</persName> </hi>, another trustee, gave similar evidence.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, March 5.)</p>
<p>The Recorder. It seems to me that the question which presents it
<lb/>self in this case is whether what was done was done with intent to defraud, and the difficulty here is the evidence of the last witness, who says, "I have on previous occasions given him authority to sign my name." When one trustee has given permission it would perhaps not be unreasonable to suppose that in a case of emergency the pri
<lb/>soner would feel justified in signing again; it is not right, of course, but it is not sufficient to justify his being convicted.</p>
<rs id="t19130304-8-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-8-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-8-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="directed"/>Under the direction of the Recorder the jury returned a verdict of Not guilty.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Tuesday, March 4.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130304-9">
<interp inst="t19130304-9" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130304"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-9" type="date" value="19130304"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-9-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-19130304 t19130304-9-offence-1 t19130304-9-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-9-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-19130304 t19130304-9-offence-2 t19130304-9-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-9-19130304" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-9-19130304" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19130304" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19130304" type="surname" value="CLAY"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19130304" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19130304" type="occupation" value="traveller"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CLAY</hi>, Charles (38, traveller)</persName>,
<rs id="t19130304-9-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-9-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-9-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19130304-9-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-9-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-9-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>of forging and utter
<lb/>ing, knowing the same to be forged, an order for £6 11s. 9d., with intent to defraud;</rs>
<rs id="t19130304-9-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-9-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-9-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>having been entrusted with certain property, to wit, a cheque for £6 11s. 9d., the property of
<persName id="t19130304-name-40" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-40" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-40" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-40" type="given" value="FRANK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130304-9-offence-2 t19130304-name-40"/>Frank Johnson</persName>, unlaw
<lb/>fully did fraudulently convert the same to his own use and benefit.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191303040008"/>
<rs id="t19130304-9-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-9-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-9-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-19130304 t19130304-9-punishment-9"/>Five months hard labour in respect of each offence to run concurrently.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130304-10">
<interp inst="t19130304-10" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130304"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-10" type="date" value="19130304"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-10-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-19130304 t19130304-10-offence-1 t19130304-10-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-10-19130304" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-10-19130304" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19130304" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19130304" type="surname" value="WHITFORD"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19130304" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19130304" type="occupation" value="steward"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WHITFORD</hi>, Frederick (18, steward)</persName>,
<rs id="t19130304-10-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-10-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-10-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19130304-10-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-10-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-10-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>of stealing six sheets and other articles and £1 in money, the goods and moneys of
<persName id="t19130304-name-42" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-42" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-42" type="surname" value="WHITFORD"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-42" type="given" value="AUGUSTA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130304-10-offence-1 t19130304-name-42"/>Augusta Whitford</persName>, and feloniously receiving the same.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner confessed to having been convicted at this Court on Sep
<lb/>tember 10, 1912, of forgery and uttering, being released on his own re
<lb/>cognisances in £5 to come up for judgment if called upon. It was stated that prisoner robbed his widowed mother of the goods mentioned in the indictment.</p>
<rs id="t19130304-10-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-10-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-10-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-19130304 t19130304-10-punishment-10"/>Nine months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130304-11">
<interp inst="t19130304-11" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130304"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-11" type="date" value="19130304"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-11-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-19130304 t19130304-11-offence-1 t19130304-11-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-11-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-19130304 t19130304-11-offence-2 t19130304-11-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-11-19130304" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-11-19130304" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19130304" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19130304" type="surname" value="WESTWOOD"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19130304" type="given" value="FREDERICK CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19130304" type="occupation" value="tailor's cutter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WESTWOOD</hi>, Frederick Charles (31, tailor's cutter)</persName>
<rs id="t19130304-11-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-11-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-11-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, forging and uttering, knowing the same to be forged, an order for payment of £75, with intent to defraud, he being a habitual criminal; </rs>stealing one watch, the goods of Arthur Austen Macgregor Layard, and felo
<lb/>niously receiving the same; obtaining by false pretences from the London City and Midland Bank, Limited, the sum of £75, with intent to defraud;
<rs id="t19130304-11-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-11-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-11-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="habitualCriminal"/>allegation in each case that he is a habitual crimi
<lb/>nal.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. H. Cassie Holden prosecuted.</p>
<p>Prisoner was tried on the first indictment.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-44" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-44" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-44" type="surname" value="PETTITT"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-44" type="given" value="DONALD HENRY"/>DONALD HENRY PETTITT</persName> </hi>, 27, Chancery Lane, solicitor. Until December 31, 1912, I carried on business as Pettitt and Valentine; Mr. Valentine then retired. On Christmas Eve last I left the office at 5.30 p.m., leaving my cheque-book (produced), which I had used that day, in the office. On December 30 I found some cheques and counter
<lb/>foils had been torn out. I did not sign cheque (produced) "Pay C.E. Philpots, Esq., loan, or order £75, Pettitt and Valentine," endorsed "Chas. E. Philpots in re mortgage," nor did I give anybody authority to sign it. Only myself and Mr. Valentine were authorised to draw cheques in the name of the firm. We have a client named "Philpot," but his initials are not "C. E." An attache case also disappeared; I have not seen it since.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by prisoner. I do not know you. The attache case produced at the police court was about the same size as mine, but I could not swear to it. The cheque-book was left in an unlocked draw. A fountain pen and a pair of scissors were also missed. The police showed me one or two fountain pens, but none of them were mine. We did not put a notice up saying we should return after Christmas.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-45" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-45" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-45" type="given" value="HENRY STANLEY NORMAN"/>HENRY STANLEY NORMAN WHITE</persName> </hi>, clerk to last witness. On Christmas Eve Mr. Pettitt handed me cheque-book (produced), which I put in the unlocked drawer of a desk in his room, where we also kept returned cheques. The last cheque drawn then was F08092, dated December 24. On that date I left at 7.30 p.m. and locked the office door behind me;</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191303040009"/>
<p>there was nothing the matter with the lock then. I returned on Monday, December 30, when I found that 10 cheques with the coun
<lb/>terfoils had been torn out of the cheque-book.</p>
<p>To prisoner. I have never seen you before. I do not think anybody in another office could see through into our rooms—the windows are too dirty. Some of the returned cheques were also stolen, some of which may have been for as large amounts as £75 to Philpots. Nobody else but Mr. Pettitt, Mr. Valentine, and myself would have an intimate knowledge of the extent of the banking account. During the six years I have been employed by the firm no occurrences of a nature similar to this have occurred.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, March 5.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-46" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-46" type="surname" value="CAPEL"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-46" type="given" value="WILLIAM GEORGE"/>WILLIAM GEORGE CAPEL</persName> </hi>, cashier, Law Courts branch, London City and Midland Bank. On Saturday, December 28, between 12.50 and 12.55 this cheque was presented at the counter by a man who asked for three £20 notes and the rest in gold. I paid him three notes, Nos. 33964, 39926, and 39927, bearing date September 16. None of them were endorsed then. On January 14 I was at Bridewell Police Station. I identified a man who was not prisoner. I believe prisoner to be the man who cashed the cheque.</p>
<p>To prisoner. I was in a position to distinctly see the man who cashed the cheque. I said at the police court that I took sufficient notice to know it was not Mr. Pettitt's clerk. After the rest of the men were dismissed I remained in the charge room. I was able to hear what was said by the inspector and solicitor. The bank manager has not impressed on me the necessity of identifying the man. I did not see Mr. Dunslow before I went to Bridewell. He did not describe the man who called on him. I did not notice any disfigurement about the man who cashed the cheque or any eruption on his face or any lameness.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-47" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-47" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-47" type="surname" value="CHAMBERS"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-47" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>FRANCIS CHAMBERS</persName> </hi>, cashier, Law Courts branch, Bank of England. I recognise the £20 note, No. 39927 as having been cashed at our branch. The endorsement on it was made in my presence; it is "Charles Philpot, 27, Chancery Lane." I paid out 20 sovereigns just before 1 p.m. on December 28.</p>
<p>To prisoner. I am not able to identify the man who cashed the note.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-48" type="surname" value="SWINGER"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-48" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS SWINGER</persName> </hi>, inspector of accounts, bank note office, Bank of England. The note, No. 33964, was handed to us by the London City and Midland Bank with others on January 13; No. 39926 was cashed over the counter at Threadneedle Street on December 30 and is endorsed "C. E. Philpot." I also produce three £5 notes.</p>
<p>To prisoner. I did not personally cash the notes. I have never seen you at the Bank of England.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-49" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-49" type="surname" value="DUNSLOW"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-49" type="given" value="FDWARD CHARLES"/>FDWARD CHARLES DUNSLOW</persName> </hi>, tobacconist, trading as Nix and Son, 90, Bishopsgate, E.C. About midday on December 30 prisoner came into my shop. He showed me a very expensive cigar and asked if I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191303040010"/>
<p>kept similar cigars. I said "No," and showed him others; one took his fancy, and he said it would be very useful for club purposes. He said he had only ten minutes to catch the train and was going away for ten days. The price of the cigar was £5 per 100. He said he could not take them with him and would call for them when he returned. I said I would keep them. He turned to go out, then hesitated and said, "By the way I could take the cigars, but I have nothing less than a £20 note." I said I could get it cashed. I en
<lb/>dorsed it. That is No. 33964. It has another endorsement, "C. E. Philpot, 27, Chancery Lane." My boy cashed it at my bank. I asked prisoner if I should send the cigars; he said "No." After con
<lb/>sideration he said, "You might pack them for me and address them to my private address," and gave me a card with the address of 213, Warnford Court; I wrote on it "Evelyn Lodge, Westcliff-on-Sea," at his dictation. My boy brought back from my bank three £5 notes and £5 in gold. I should not recognise those notes again. I handed them to prisoner after deducting £1 5s. for the cigars. I saw him in my shop again on January 13. He said he liked the cigars, what would I take per 1,000; I said 95s., or 90s. for any quantity over 1,000. He had with him a little attache case, which is to the best of my belief Exhibit 4. I identified prisoner at the Bridewell on January 14. I never saw Mr. Capel before I saw him at the police court.</p>
<p>To prisoner. I did not see the attache case on your first visit. You were anxious for me to cash the note. After the identification I re
<lb/>mained behind with Mr. Capel in the charge room. We did not dis
<lb/>cuss the pros. and cons. of the case. They were not mentioned at all. It was the fairest identification I have ever seen. The police did not tell me that you had told them I should know you as a customer. When you called the second time you never mentioned about making a profit on the cigars. You did not tell me that the cigar you were smoking was a sample from a stockbroker friend or that you wanted to get some similar ones; you said you bought them in Bond Street and paid 1s. 6d. each.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-50" type="surname" value="BARTHOLOMEW"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-50" type="given" value="VICTOR"/>VICTOR BARTHOLOMEW</persName> </hi>, employed by last witness. I cashed the £20 note at the London City and Midland Bank, 171, Bishopsgate Street. I got three £5 notes and £5 in gold, and gave them to Mr. Dunslow.</p>
<p>To prisoner. When you were in the shop I did not overhear any
<lb/>thing about an address. I was in the shop when you came the second time. I do not remember any conversation about selling cigars at a profit. Mr. Dunslow has not told me what kind of evidence he wishes me to give.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-51" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-51" type="surname" value="RAWLING"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-51" type="given" value="REGINALD"/>REGINALD RAWLING</persName> </hi>, cashier, Bishopsgate branch. London City and Midland Bank. On December 30 I cashed the £20 note, No. 33964, and gave Mr. Dunslow's boy three £5 notes and £5 in gold.</p>
<persName id="t19130304-name-52" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-52" type="surname" value="HINE"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-52" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HERBERT HINE</hi> </persName>, City Police. I saw prisoner detained at Bishopsgate Street Police Station. I said to him, "I am a City police officer and I am going to take you to the Bridewell Police</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191303040011"/>
<p>Station, where you will be detained pending inquiries regarding a cheque which, together with others, was stolen from an office at 27, Chancery Lane, occupied by Mr. Pettitt, a solicitor. Other property was stolen, and the cheque in question was presented at the London City and Midland Bank on December 28, and the person who pre
<lb/>sented it received three £20 Bank of England notes and £15 in gold. One of those notes was presented the same day to the Law Courts branch of the Bank of England and another at the Bank of England, Thread-needle Street, on December 30. I am informed that you cashed the third note with Mr. Dunslow, trading as Frederick Nix and Son, tobacconist, Bishopsgate Street, on December 30, and you told him your name was W. F. Maxwell Williams and your address 213, Warnford Court, and you also gave an address at Westcliff. I have made inquiries at Warnford Court and the name of Maxwell Williams is unknown there, likewise the number 213." I told him he need not make any reply to any questions I asked him. He replied, "I do not understand. I remember having business with a stockbroker with reference to some Bank of England notes; I will not say any more until I have seen my solicitor. I do not wish to give the name of the stockbroker." He was taken to Bridewell Police Station. He then asked me to tell him again how the cheque came to be cashed. I told him again, and he replied, "I expect you know enough to hold me. Maxwell Williams is my racing nom de plume." He was put up for identification with eight other men and then formally charged. I showed him the cheque which had been forged, and he replied, "I have not received £75 from anyone; all I know is I did cash a £20 note with a tobacconist, but I can account for where I got it." When I searched him I found upon him 3s. 11d., a gold sovereign and stamp combination box, two pocket diaries issued by Walter Bull and Sons, a bookmaker's book of rules, nine keys on a steel ring and chain, four letters, and two hotel receipts. I should describe the keys as skeleton or master keys, four of them. One key opens one door of Mr. Pettitt's office and two another. In company with Detective Dunning I went to 28, Bromley Road, Lea Bridge Road, Leyton. Prisoner's wife showed me two rooms which he occupied. In the bedroom I found a small attache case (Exhibit 4). It was locked. I opened it with one of the keys found in prisoner's possession. Inside I found a bunch of 28 various keys. Some of them are skeleton or master keys. I also found a Smith's diary (Exhibit 17) in another bag. The lock was in working order. It has been broken since it came into our possession. On January 15 I showed the articles to prisoner at Snow Hill Police Station and asked him how he accounted for the possession of them. He said he purchased the large bag at a firm in Oxford Street, near New Bond Street, and the small one at the same place at another time, that he paid 18s. 6d. for the large and 10s. 6d. for the small bag, and that both had had the locks repaired before Christmas in Wormwood Street at a bag manu
<lb/>facturers. In the green diary there is an entry "Bank passbook No. 10691 W. Street." On the inside cover is "To Mr. Westwood with</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191303040012"/>
<p>Messrs. Bull's compliments." In the diary are references to a rail
<lb/>way journey to Darlington and details of expenses.</p>
<p>To prisoner. I was not at Bishopsgate Police Station when you were arrested. I was present there when you were searched. You turned the things out on to a table. I am not certain whether I searched you or whether Detective Dunning did. You did not attempt to conceal the things in any way. I tried the keys on Mr. Pettitt's office in the presence of Mr. White. I should describe the lock as an ordinary mortice lock. You did not write to the Commissioner of Police asking him to submit the keys to a locksmith; you asked for a skeleton key to be produced in court. I have ascertained that the entry in the green diary about the passbook refers to your savings bank book. When I searched your rooms I found no writing like that on the cheque or blank cheques, counterfoils, or letters of Messrs. Pettitt and Valentine. While under arrest you wrote some telegrams quite in the ordinary way. Mr. Dunslow told me you said your name was Maxwell Williams. I brought nine people to the Mansion House to look at you in connection with the forgery charge. None of them identified you. I found some 30 or 40 cards upon you with "Frederick Charles Westwood, Foreman Cutter," upon them. You did not ask for a subpœna to be issued for a Mr. Parker. I was aware you were a season-ticket holder on the Great Eastern Railway before I arrested you. I was not aware your address was easily obtainable; that was a matter for the railway company. I heard that someone had spoken to Mr. Parker about you.</p>
<persName id="t19130304-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-53" type="surname" value="WISE"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-53" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK WISE</hi> </persName>. I saw prisoner at the Mansion House Police Court on February 7. Detective Dunning was present. Pri
<lb/>soner said to me that he wished to make a statement. I took it down in writing. (Statement handed to his Lordship, who said he did not see anything in it that made it desirable to put it in.) There was a reference to a man named Radley.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-54" type="surname" value="RADLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-54" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN RADLEY</persName> </hi>, 130, Cleveland Street, N.W. I was in High Street, Bloomsbury, in October last when I saw prisoner and a man named Will Gill. I did not know prisoner's name. Gill asked me to have a drink. We went into the "White Lion." Prisoner brought out some keys and said, "I can open some offices in Chancery Lane with these keys." He then pulled out a key from his waistcoat pocket and said, "This is a master key; I can open anything with this." I should not be able to recognise the keys.</p>
<p>To prisoner. I am a clerk. I am out of work. After October I worked at Hamley's, in Regent Street. I left there on Christmas Eve. I have been a tipster. I took you to a bookmaker. You said if you won I should have half. You won just over £2. I had half. I collected the winnings. You told me to do so if you were not there yourself. I know a detective-sergeant at Tottenham Court Road Police Station. I used to sing at all their concerts. I have not concocted this story. The police asked me if I knew your face; I said I did, but did not know your name. I won't swear to having seen you more than six or seven times.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191303040013"/>
<persName id="t19130304-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-55" type="surname" value="DUNNING"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-55" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES DUNNING</hi> </persName>. Exhibit 8 is a book in which there is a list of names of firms. I visited all those firms and showed them a photo of prisoner. In one case only was he known. I also visited the firm of Worth, where prisoner said he had bought one bag. Mr. Worth said he was absolutely certain the bag had never been in his possession.</p>
<p>To prisoner. I submitted both bags to Mr. Worth. He was cer
<lb/>tain the large one had never been in his possession. He was not so certain as to the small one. I did not find the invoice for them at your rooms. I did not submit the key chain to him.</p>
<p>(Monday, March 10.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-56" type="surname" value="HAMPSHIRE"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-56" type="given" value="JOHN HENRY"/>JOHN HENRY HAMPSHIRE</persName> </hi>, warder at Brixton Prison. Prisoner was in my charge at Brixton Prison. I identify two letters dated January 16 and 18 as having been written by prisoner. I handed him the paper to write them on.</p>
<p>To prisoner. You have written other letters—I should say four or five a day—while you were in my charge. You have a limp which would be noticeable to everyone.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-57" type="surname" value="GURRIN"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-57" type="given" value="GERALD FRANCIS"/>GERALD FRANCIS GURRIN</persName> </hi> was called to prove similarities in hand
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-58" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-58" type="surname" value="PILLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-58" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOSEPH"/>WILLIAM JOSEPH PILLEY</persName> </hi>, salesman to W. W. Bridge, 4, Wormwood Street, E.C. I saw the two bags, Exhibits 4 and 5, on December 30. I riveted the lock on the smaller case myself. I identify No. 5 by the pins that rivet the lock on. I took off the lock in order to fit the key: I am certain prisoner is the man who brought the bags. He opened them in my presence. He took the little bag out of the big bag. Out of the small bag he took two bunches of keys. He said one of the keys used to lock one of the cases and he found it failed to do so. He took one bunch of keys with him and left the other with me. I recognise one key as one which I cut. I do not recognise any of the other keys. He said he was the manager of a factory and had left the keys at home and had to force the locks open.</p>
<p>To prisoner. You left one key apart from those on the bunch. It did not fit either of the bags. I did not try it. You threw it on the floor saying it was no good. If I noticed any peculiarity about any of the keys I should not be suspicious. I notice the peculiarity about this key handed to me: the pin of the lock is inside it. I could not lock or unlock the bag unless I took the pin out. If the police inspec
<lb/>tor says he did so, he might be able to.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-59" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-59" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-59" type="surname" value="SELLARS"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-59" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>HERBERT SELLARS</persName> </hi>, clerk, Post Office Savings Bank, West Kensing
<lb/>ton. I produce a certified copy of prisoner's savings bank account made by me. The deposit book is No. 10691 in the name of Frederick Charles Westwood, 28, Bromley Road, Lea Bridge Road, Leyton. The amount paid in between October 31 and December 18 is £11 5s. Between December 21 and December 28 the balance is 5s. On Decem
<lb/>ber 28 £15 was paid in, on December 30 £7 15s., December 31 £5; £27 15s. was carried over to the following year. On January 1 £1 3s.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191303040014"/>
<p>was paid in. On January 3 £10 was drawn out, on January 6 £8, January 9 £1, January 13 £1.</p>
<persName id="t19130304-name-60" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-60" type="surname" value="CROCKFORD"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-60" type="given" value="GEORGE ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE ROBERT CROCKFORD</hi> </persName>, Essex Police, South-end. I have made inquiries at Westcliff. I cannot find Evelyn Lodge or Evelyn House, or anything like it. I cannot find anybody of the name of Maxwell Williams at Westcliff.</p>
<p>To prisoner. I have not inquired whether any houses have been re
<lb/>named since Christmas. I have made inquiries at the Post Office and amongst tradesmen and searched the directory.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-61" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-61" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-61" type="surname" value="COOK"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-61" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD COOK</persName> </hi>, warder at Brixton Prison. (To prisoner.). I was present at two interviews you had with Inspector Hine. Some conver
<lb/>sation took place between you when he served you with notice of additional evidence. I recollect the inspector saying, "If you have any complaint to make about this business put it in writing to the Commissioner of Police and it will be dealt with." He spoke smartly to you when he went away; he was anxious to get rid of you. I handed you this morning some pawntickets relating to jewellery. One is dated January 13, 1913, for a gold albert with coin attached. They relate to things pawned since you have been in custody.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HINE</hi> (recalled) (to prisoner). I see three entries in the diary Ex. 17. Mr. Cameron is an outfitter at Lambeth. Mr. Fowell is secretary of the Waifs and Strays Society, Mr. Hawarth is a clergy
<lb/>man at Wormwood Scrubbs Prison. I satisfied myself that the jewel
<lb/>lery handed back to you had nothing to do with this case. I saw the letters which you addressed to the Public Prosecutor. He referred the matter to my Superintendent, Detective Dunning, and I made enquiries. Nothing was said to the bank clerk after the identifica
<lb/>tion. You gave him every opportunity of properly identifying you. He failed to do so.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-62" type="surname" value="RADLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-62" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN RADLEY</persName> </hi>, recalled (to prisoner). I was employed by Hamley Bros. for six weeks. I obtained that position by giving a reference and telling them where I had been working previously and how long I had been out of work.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-63" type="surname" value="ROBERTSON"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-63" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER ROBERTSON</persName> </hi> (to prisoner). I sell newpapers outside the "Baker's Arms." My wife keeps a shop at 337, Lea Bridge Road. You have been in the habit of getting certain papers from me. You have only bought one "Tailor and Cutter" off me. I know nothing of your financial position. If I asked you to pay before money was due you gave it to me.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I knew nothing about what your trade was. I simply saw him pass in the morning and return at night.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-64" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-64" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-64" type="surname" value="GILL"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-64" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM GILL</persName> </hi> (to prisoner). I remember drinking with you in the "White Lion" on two occasions. I know John Radley. It is not true that on either of those occasions you produced a bunch of keys, saying you could open anything with them. My brother was not present in the "White Lion." I heard you complain about some money</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191303040015"/>
<p>Radley put on a horse for you and that he had not paid you. There is no truth in the statement that we went to these offices in Chancery Lane. I never saw you in possession of cheques or notes. Radley was only in our company on the two occasions I speak of.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have a brother named Ralph Gill. I am a ship's steward. I was sentenced to five years' penal servitude at this court last month for uttering a cheque. I have known prisoner six or nine months. I have never broken into offices in Chancery Lane or any
<lb/>where. The cheques in respect of which I got sentenced were given to me by a man. I do not know where they came from.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-65" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-65" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-65" type="surname" value="PREEDY"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-65" type="given" value="OLIVIA"/>OLIVIA PREEDY</persName> </hi>, 28, Bromley Road, Leyton (to prisoner). I have known your wife some time and you since August, when you came from Manchester. You had then £10 or more, which you spent on a holiday for your wife and children. Your visit to Darlington was arranged months before. Your little girl has never spoken about your being with a certain man in the West End and your speaking about breaking and entering a place. I imagine she would understand such a conversation. I have not seen you in possession of three £20 bank notes. You usually left home about 8.45 a.m. and always re
<lb/>turned about 7 or 7.30 p.m. You always paid me regularly.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I believe prisoner is a tailor's cutter. He and his wife have told me so.</p>
<persName id="t19130304-name-66" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-66" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-66" type="surname" value="PEARSON"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-66" type="given" value=""/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PEARSON</hi> </persName> (to prisoner). I was present at the identification at Bridewell Police Station. The bank cashier did not mention after the identification or at any time that he thought you were the man. I did not check Inspector Dunning on some remark he made in the presence of the cashier and Mr. Dunsloe.</p>
<persName id="t19130304-name-67" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-67" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-67" type="surname" value="LESTER"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-67" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALBERT LESTER</hi> </persName> (to prisoner). I was not present at the identification at the Bridewell. At the Mansion House three people were called. They failed to identify you.</p>
<persName id="t19130304-name-68" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-68" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-68" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-68" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES JONES</hi> </persName> (to prisoner). I was present at the second identification at the Mansion House on January 24. Four people attended and failed to identify you.</p>
<rs id="t19130304-11-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-11-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-11-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>. The indictments for larceny and obtaining by false pretences were not proceeded with.</p>
<p>Prisoner confessed to having been convicted at London Sessions, on September 13, 1910, in the name of James Bertram Young, of felony.</p>
<p>Prisoner was then indicted for that he is a habitual criminal.</p>
<p>After proof of service of the statutory notice, evidence was given of the following convictions: At this court, May 16, 1904, in the name of Frederick Westwood, five years' penal servitude; at Highgate Petty Sessions, March 29, 1897, six months' hard labour; at this Court, October 22, 1900, twelve months' hard labour; at Bristol Assizes, November 27, 1902, twelve months' hard labour; at Belfast Assizes, July 19, 1909, twelve months' hard labour; and others. Evidence was also given of the theft charged in the second indictment.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-69" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-69" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-69" type="surname" value="WESTWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-69" type="given" value="FREDERICK CHARLES"/>FREDERICK CHARLES WESTWOOD</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath) declared that he had recently done work as a canvasser, and had made money at race meetings and by dealings on the Stock Exchange.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191303040016"/>
<p>(Tuesday, March 11.)</p>
<rs id="t19130304-11-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-11-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-11-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty of being a habitual criminal.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19130304-11-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-11-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-11-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-19130304 t19130304-11-punishment-11"/>Five years' penal servitude</rs>;
<rs id="t19130304-11-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-11-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-11-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="preventiveDetention"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-19130304 t19130304-11-punishment-12"/>five years' preventive deten
<lb/>tion.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MR. JUSTICE BANKES</hi>.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, March 5.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130304-12">
<interp inst="t19130304-12" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130304"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-12" type="date" value="19130304"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-12-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-19130304 t19130304-12-offence-1 t19130304-12-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-12-19130304" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-12-19130304" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19130304" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19130304" type="surname" value="BIRDSALL"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19130304" type="given" value="FREDERICK ERNEST"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19130304" type="occupation" value="waiter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BIRDSALL</hi>, Frederick Ernest (18, waiter)</persName>
<rs id="t19130304-12-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-12-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-12-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, feloniously wounding
<persName id="t19130304-name-71" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-71" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-71" type="surname" value="BANKS"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-71" type="given" value="FLORENCE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130304-12-offence-1 t19130304-name-71"/>Florence Banks</persName>, with intent to murder her and to do her some grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Ganz prosecuted; Mr. Purcell defended.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-72" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-72" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-72" type="surname" value="BANKS"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-72" type="given" value="FLORENCE"/>FLORENCE BANKS</persName> </hi>, 38, Saville Street, W. I met prisoner at 10.30 p.m. on January 26. I had never seen him before. I asked him if he would come home with me, and he did. We stayed some little time, then as he was going I said, "Can you find your way down-stairs?" He said "Yes." He was behind me, and I felt something sharp against my throat and I screamed "Police," "Murder." He came back to me again and I took the razor out of his hand. I went to the window and screamed out. I went to my bedroom door to open it, but he was outside holding it. Then I heard a bashing on the door. He let go the door and let me go and said, "I will give in." I was taken to another flat and my wound attended to. I was afterwards taken to Middlesex Hospital and remained there till January 29.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner was a complete stranger to me. I know no reason why he should have attacked me. He was quite sober.</p>
<persName id="t19130304-name-73" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-73" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-73" type="surname" value="CARN"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-73" type="given" value="NELLIE"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">NELLIE CARN</hi> </persName>, 38, Saville Street. On January 26, about 10.30 p.m., I heard people screaming in the street. I looked up out of my window and blood dropped on my clothes.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I went up on the landing and saw prisoner held by a constable. I said, "Have they got him?" Prisoner said, "Yes, it's me; it's all right."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-74" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-74" type="surname" value="EGGA"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-74" type="given" value="WILLIAM HARRY"/>WILLIAM HARRY EGGA</persName> </hi>, house surgeon, Middlesex Hospital. Prose
<lb/>cutrix was brought in about 10.30 on this night. There was a wound in her throat 2 1/2 in. long, half-inch deep. None of the larger vessels were damaged. There were some cuts about the right hand. She left the hospital on the 29th, quite out of danger. The wounds could have been caused by the razor produced. Not much force could have been used.</p>
<persName id="t19130304-name-75" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-75" type="surname" value="PARANS"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-75" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE PARANS</hi> </persName>, 396 D. I was in Saville Street when I heard screams and saw prosecutrix leaning out of the top win
<lb/>dow. I went up to flat No. 6. The door was locked. As we were breaking it open it was unlocked from inside, and prisoner rushed out. He was covered with blood; he was fully dressed. He threw up his arms and said, "I will give in." On the way to the station prisoner said, "They will be surprised when they hear the result."</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191303040017"/>
<persName id="t19130304-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-76" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-76" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE HALL</hi> </persName>, 309 D, produced the razor found at the flat.</p>
<persName id="t19130304-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-77" type="surname" value="REDDISH"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-77" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ARTHUR REDDISH</hi> </persName>, D Division. Prisoner was brought to Tottenham Court Road Police Station on January 26. He was per
<lb/>fectly cool and collected. He said he did not know the girl. He simply went with her on this occasion. He made a statement which was taken down and signed by prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t19130304-name-78" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-78" type="surname" value="MACPHERSON"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-78" type="given" value=""/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MACPHERSON</hi> </persName>, D. Division, produced the state
<lb/>ment as follows: "I did not intend to murder her. She started quar
<lb/>relling, and I have had some trouble lately. I do not know why, but it is always a habit of mine to carry a thing like that (the razor) in my pocket loose. I have no reason why I went with her this night. Be
<lb/>cause of a little worry lately I must have been seized with a fit of in
<lb/>sanity to make me do it. I did not intend at all to hurt her. I am sorry I did it, but at the time I did not know what I was doing. This is the first blot upon my life's character. I do not wish my name to be put in the papers if it can be stopped, for my people's sake."</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner has borne a thoroughly good character.
<rs id="t19130304-12-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-12-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-12-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>[Guilty.]</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19130304-12-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-12-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-12-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-19130304 t19130304-12-punishment-13"/>Six months' imprisonment, second division.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130304-13">
<interp inst="t19130304-13" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130304"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-13" type="date" value="19130304"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-13-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-19130304 t19130304-13-offence-1 t19130304-13-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-13-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-19130304 t19130304-13-offence-2 t19130304-13-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-13-19130304" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-13-19130304" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19130304" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19130304" type="surname" value="WHITTAKER"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19130304" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19130304" type="occupation" value="porter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WHITTAKER</hi>, William (24, porter)</persName>,
<rs id="t19130304-13-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-13-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-13-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>pleaded not guilty of felo
<lb/>niously wounding
<persName id="t19130304-name-80" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-80" type="surname" value="WHITTAKER"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-80" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130304-13-offence-1 t19130304-name-80"/>William Whittaker</persName>, the younger, with intent to murder him and to do him some grievous bodily harm;</rs>
<rs id="t19130304-13-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-13-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-13-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19130304-13-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-13-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-13-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>of attempt to commit suicide.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. C. L. Collard prosecuted; Mr. Thynne defended.</p>
<persName id="t19130304-name-81" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-81" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-81" type="surname" value="BENNETT"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-81" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">EDWARD BENNETT</hi> </persName>. I saw prisoner at the station on February 3, told him I should charge him with the attempted murder of his child, and cautioned him. He said, "Very good, sir." He made no reply to the formal charge.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-82" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-82" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-82" type="surname" value="CHURCH"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-82" type="given" value="NELLIE"/>NELLIE CHURCH</persName> </hi>. I lodged with prisoner and his wife at 10a, Myra Road, Fulham. On January 21, by the first post, he received a letter from his wife. I heard him crying and asked him what was the matter. He said his wife had finished him. I advised him to write to her, and he did so, went out to post it, and returned at ten. He said he was going to lie down. He took the baby with him to bed. At 10.30 I heard the baby cry. I rushed into the bedroom and saw prisoner with his throat cut, also the baby's. There was a razor on the floor.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner and his wife were in very poor circum
<lb/>stances, almost starving. Prisoner was very worried about his wife. I have heard him talk about a Mrs. Skoltop. I do not know that she is a woman who takes up girls and puts them on the streets.</p>
<persName id="t19130304-name-83" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-83" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-83" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-83" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOSEPH HALL</hi> </persName>, 54 B. I was called to the house at 10.45 and saw prisoner lying on the bed with a large wound in the throat. He said, "I got a letter from my wife this morning; I did not know what to do. I lost my head for a minute and cut my throat, and I believe the child's throat as well." On the floor I found the razor produced. I also found a letter to prisoner from his wife and two from him to her.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191303040018"/>
<persName id="t19130304-name-84" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-84" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-84" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALBERT WOOD</hi> </persName>, 340 B. I went to the house after prisoner had been medically attended to. He said to me, "My wife went away from me and went on the streets; I found her in Hyde Park with a Jew fellow. I clouted him for being with her. He fetched a policeman and said I had stolen 30s. and a purse from him, and I got three months for it. She is a cow; it is all through her."</p>
<persName id="t19130304-name-85" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-85" type="surname" value="FALCONER"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-85" type="given" value="SAMBROOK"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SAMBROOK FALCONER</hi> </persName>, who was called to the house, said that he found the child with a long wound extending practically from ear to ear. It was almost a miracle that the jugular vein was not cut; it was an unusually fat child, and this fact probably saved its life. Prisoner had a deep wound on the right side of the neck.</p>
<p>After some deliberation the jury said: We consider that prisoner is guilty of attempted murder, but was not at the time responsible for his actions, and recommend him to the merciful consideration of the court.</p>
<p>Mr. Justice Bankes pointed out that there was no evidence of in
<p>The jury again deliberated, and after a time said: We consider that prisoner is guilty of attempted murder, but should like to give expres
<lb/>sion to our thoughts that he was not accountable at the time for his actions.</p>
<p>Mr. Justice Bankes declined to accept this verdict, and further ex
<lb/>plained the law and the evidence.</p>
<p>Eventually the jury returned a verdict of
<rs id="t19130304-13-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-13-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-13-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>guilty of unlawful wounding.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner confessed to having been convicted at Marlborough Street Police Court on May 9, 1910, of larceny. The police stated that he married his wife in December, 1909, and three days after the marriage he made her go on the streets. When she left him she had been suffer
<lb/>ing from syphilis for twelve months. He would not allow her to go to a doctor, being afraid that he would be charged under the new Act.</p>
<rs id="t19130304-13-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-13-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-13-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-19130304 t19130304-13-punishment-14"/>Twelve months' hard labour in respect of the unlawful wounding;</rs>
<rs id="t19130304-13-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-13-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-13-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-19130304 t19130304-13-punishment-15"/>one month's imprisonment in respect of attempted suicide, to run concurrently.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130304-14">
<interp inst="t19130304-14" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130304"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-14" type="date" value="19130304"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-14-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-19130304 t19130304-14-offence-1 t19130304-14-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-14-19130304" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-14-19130304" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19130304" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19130304" type="surname" value="WALLAND"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19130304" type="given" value="RUDOLPH"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19130304" type="occupation" value=""/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALLAND</hi>, Rudolph (27)</persName>
<rs id="t19130304-14-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-14-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="damage"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-14-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="arson"/>, feloniously setting fire to the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t19130304-name-87" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-87" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-87" type="surname" value="WHEBLE"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-87" type="given" value="HETTIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130304-14-offence-1 t19130304-name-87"/>Hettie Wheble</persName>, divers persons being therein, and feloniously by setting fire to certain papers attempting to set fire to the said dwelling-house certain persons being therein.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. A. F. G. Henderson prosecuted. The evidence was interpreted (prisoner an Austrian).</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-88" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-88" type="surname" value="KUSE"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-88" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM KUSE</persName> </hi>, 362, Woolwich Road. On January 28, at 2.15 p.m., I was in bed. Mother called me up and I went next door, No. 364, to a room where prisoner lives. He and his wife and three policemen were there. There was burnt paper there. I said to prisoner in Ger
<lb/>man, "What's the matter?"; he said "nothing." He said "When the policemen have gone I shall set fire to the house again." The police
<lb/>men left, but stood on the opposite side of the road watching. Prisoner went out to a public-house. I went back to my door. In ten minutes he returned and the policemen arrested him. Before that I asked him</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191303040019"/>
<p>if he set fire to the place. He said he did not mean to do it, only to frighten his wife and burn some paper. He and his wife had been quarrelling. He was drunk.</p>
<persName id="t19130304-name-89" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-89" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-89" type="surname" value="GRENNAN"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-89" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ERNEST GRENNAN</hi> </persName>, 810 R. I saw smoke coming from prisoner's room and I went up there. There was a heap of paper and other articles ablaze on the floor in the centre of the room. I put the fire out. There was no carpet on the floor. I arrested prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-90" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-90" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-90" type="surname" value="SANDERS"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-90" type="given" value="WILLIAM GEORGE"/>WILLIAM GEORGE SANDERS</persName> </hi>, of the Fire Brigade, said that on respond
<lb/>ing to the call he went to the room and found some charred paper and wearing apparel. He did not think there was sufficient to have set the floor alight.</p>
<persName id="t19130304-name-91" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-91" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-91" type="surname" value="WHEBLE"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-91" type="given" value="HETTIE"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HETTIE WHEBLE</hi> </persName>, 364, Woolwich Road. Prisoner, with his wife and child, lodged in my first floor front room. At 2.20 p.m. on January 28 I was fetched from my work and went to this room. Prisoner and his wife were there. On the floor were some paper and rags that had been burnt. The police were there and the fire had been put out.</p>
<p>Prisoner's statement before the magistrate: "All I wish is that my wife should speak a word or two for the truth."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-92" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-92" type="surname" value="WALLAND"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-92" type="given" value="RUDOLPH"/>RUDOLPH WALLAND</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I was drinking from the early morning because I was quarrelling with my wife. She reproached me for it and said that the bedding belonged to her. I took the paper and burnt it to frighten her. It never entered my mind that I should set the house alight. I said to her; "If you will not be quiet I will put fire to the beds."</p>
<persName id="t19130304-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-93" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-93" type="surname" value="WALLAND"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-93" type="given" value="ROSA"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROSA WALLAND</hi> </persName> (prisoner's wife). (Witness was first asked by his Lordship if she wished to give evidence, and replied "yes.") On this morning when prisoner came home he fell asleep by the table. I told him to get up and go to work. He said he was not going. Then I quarrelled with him. I took the bedding and put it all over the place and told him he had better clear out of it. He broke two glasses. He took some paper out of a drawer and lit it. I trod upon it. I consider that I am the guilty person. It was my fault altogether. If I had not aggravated him about the bedding he would not have done anything.</p>
<p>The Jury stopped the case, as they considered there was no evidence that prisoner intended to set fire to the house. It was merely the case of a drunken man setting fire to paper.</p>
<rs id="t19130304-14-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-14-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-14-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130304-15">
<interp inst="t19130304-15" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130304"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-15" type="date" value="19130304"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-15-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19130304 t19130304-15-offence-1 t19130304-15-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-15-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19130304 t19130304-15-offence-2 t19130304-15-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-15-19130304" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-15-19130304" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19130304" type="age" value="48"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19130304" type="surname" value="PETRICKOSKY"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19130304" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19130304" type="occupation" value="traveller"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PETRICKOSKY</hi>, Joseph (48, traveller)</persName>
<rs id="t19130304-15-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-15-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-15-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, putting forward as true certain false declarations on applications for passports;</rs>
<rs id="t19130304-15-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-15-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-15-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> unlawfully forging and uttering, knowing the same to be forged, certain writings, with intent to deceive.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Bodkin and Mr. Graham-Campbell prosecuted.</p>
<p>After the jury had been sworn and counsel had opened the case,
<rs id="t19130304-15-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-15-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-15-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>pri
<lb/>soner pleaded guilty to the first count. A verdict of Guilty on this was returned; the other charges remain on the file of the court.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191303040020"/>
<p>This case was similar to the cases of R. v. Naylor (present vol., page 360); R. v. Benson (present vol., page 206); and R. v. Edwards (CLV., page 510). Prisoner is a Russian and has been in this country some 21 years.</p>
<p>Prisoner said that he had been a lecturer on languages at Liverpool University and had been for ten years an official interpreter at this court. He had unsuccessfully applied for a naturalisation certificate. His work at Liverpool having ceased owing to lack of funds of the University, he had accepted an engagement as Continental traveller to a British firm and had to obtain a passport. It was the refusal of a naturalisation certificate that compelled him to evade the law and to obtain a passport by the means he had adopted.</p>
<p>Sentence (prisoner having been five weeks in prison):
<rs id="t19130304-15-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-15-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-15-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19130304 t19130304-15-punishment-16"/>Five months' imprisonment, second division.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE RECORDER</hi>.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, March 5.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130304-16">
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<interp inst="t19130304-16" type="date" value="19130304"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-16-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-19130304 t19130304-16-offence-4 t19130304-16-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-16-19130304" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-16-19130304" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19130304" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19130304" type="surname" value="SODEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19130304" type="given" value="CHARLES JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19130304" type="occupation" value="tailor"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SODEN</hi>, Charles John (26, tailor)</persName>, and
<persName id="t19130304-name-96">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-96" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-96" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-96" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-96" type="occupation" value="motor engineer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SMITH</hi>, Robert (25, motor engineer)</persName>
<rs id="t19130304-16-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-16-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-16-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Soden stealing one suit case and other articles, the goods of the
<persName id="t19130304-name-97" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-97" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130304-16-offence-1 t19130304-name-97"/>Great Western Railway Company</persName>, and feloniously receiving the same; </rs>
<rs id="t19130304-16-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-16-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-16-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>Soden stealing one bicycle, the goods of
<persName id="t19130304-name-98" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-98" type="surname" value="HOGAN"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-98" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130304-16-offence-2 t19130304-name-98"/>William Hogan</persName>, and feloniously receiving the same;</rs>
<rs id="t19130304-16-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-16-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-16-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>Soden stealing one bicycle, the goods of
<persName id="t19130304-name-99" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-99" type="surname" value="GURNEY"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-99" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130304-16-offence-3 t19130304-name-99"/>Joseph Gurney</persName>, and feloniously receiving the same; </rs>
<rs id="t19130304-16-offence-4" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-16-offence-4" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-16-offence-4" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>both stealing one bicycle, the goods of
<persName id="t19130304-name-100" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-100" type="surname" value="KELLY"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-100" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130304-16-offence-4 t19130304-name-100"/>John Kelly</persName>, and feloniously receiving the same.</rs> </p>
<p>The Grand Jury ignored the bill presented against Smith.</p>
<rs id="t19130304-16-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-16-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-16-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty.</rs> </p>
<p>The police stated that prisoner had been discharged from several situations owing to his dishonesty.</p>
<p>Sentence (Soden):
<rs id="t19130304-16-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-16-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-16-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-19130304 t19130304-16-punishment-17"/>Six months' imprisonment, second division, on each indictment, to run concurrently.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19130304-17" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130304"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-17" type="date" value="19130304"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-17-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-19130304 t19130304-17-offence-1 t19130304-17-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-17-19130304" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-17-19130304" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19130304" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19130304" type="surname" value="GRAINGER"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19130304" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19130304" type="occupation" value="postman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GRAINGER</hi>, Charles (32, postman)</persName>
<rs id="t19130304-17-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-17-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-17-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, stealing a postal packet, one brooch, and 5s. in money, the property of
<persName id="t19130304-name-102" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-102" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130304-17-offence-1 t19130304-name-102"/>His Majesty's Post
<lb/>master-General</persName>, he being an officer of the Post Office.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Forster Boulton prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-103" type="surname" value="BRODIE"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-103" type="given" value="MALCOLM"/>MALCOLM BRODIE</persName> </hi>, clerk in the secretary's office, General Post Office. I was instructed to make inquiries with regard to complaints of losses occurring at the Western Central District Post Office, where prisoner was employed. On February 11 I made up a test packet addressed to "Miss C. Rose, c/o West London Creamery Company, 103a, Great Russell Street, London, W.C." I put in the packet a written com
<lb/>munication, a brooch, a florin, two shillings, and two sixpences. I securely fastened that packet and gave certain instructions with regard to it. That night at 9.30 p.m. I interviewed prisoner at the Western Central District Office. I told him my name and rank in the Post</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191303040021"/>
<p>Office; I described the test packet to him, told him it was sorted into his walk, and said, "Do you know anything about it?" He replied, "No, that is not on my walk." At my request he turned out his pockets and produced the florin, the two shillings, and the six-pence (produced), all of which I identify as being coins I put in the test packet, I having punched them with my private mark, which can now be seen with the aid of a magnifying glass. I pointed out the marks to prisoner and told him I identified these coins as those I placed in the test packet. Prisoner said, "You have made a mistake, that is all I can say." I asked prisoner what he had done with the other sixpence; he denied all knowledge of it. I identify packet (produced) as being the packet I made up. It has been broken open and the coins are missing.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by prisoner. This test packet was addressed to a place outside your walk; being sorted to your walk it was your duty to throw it out.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-104" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-104" type="surname" value="VIOLET"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-104" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN VIOLET</persName> </hi>, assistant superintendent, General Post Office. I specially collected this packet at the General Post Office; it was then securely fastened. I sent it on to Morgan.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-105" type="surname" value="MORGAN"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-105" type="given" value="RICHARD STRONG"/>RICHARD STRONG MORGAN</persName> </hi>, overseer, Western Central District Office, Bloomsbury. Prisoner is employed under me at the Western Central District Office. On February 11 I received test packet (produced) from Mr. Violet; it was then intact and securely fastened. At 8 p.m. I placed it in the box into which letters for prisoner's walk are sorted. The test packet was addressed outside prisoner's walk. In the case of a mis-sort it is the duty of a postman to throw out a letter to be resorted. At 8.30 p.m. I saw the test packet on its proper walk. I examined it next morning and found it was broken open.</p>
<persName id="t19130304-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-106" type="surname" value="JARVIS"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-106" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK JARVIS</hi> </persName>, attached to the General Post Office. I was present when Mr. Brodie made up test packet (produced). At 8 p.m. on February 11 at the Western Central Post Office I saw Mr. Morgan place it in prisoner's box. Prisoner came to take up his letters; he took up the test packet and stood looking at it for about 30 seconds. He then placed it with his other letters. (Witness corro
<lb/>borated Brodie as to the interview with prisoner.) When charged prisoner made no reply.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-107" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-107" type="surname" value="GRAINGER"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-107" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES GRAINGER</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath). If what Brodie says is true, it would have been my duty to clear this packet; whether I did or not I do not remember, because I have so many to clear; I have big armfuls. It is our duty to throw out what does not belong to us; we do not look where they are thrown. I did not notice this one. I do not know whether this test packet ever came into my possession or not. When arrested I had over £2 in my possession; it was all my own money.</p>
<rs id="t19130304-17-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-17-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-17-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Other articles, believed to have been stolen from postal packets, were stated to have been found on prisoner when arrested.</p>
<rs id="t19130304-17-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-17-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-17-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-19130304 t19130304-17-punishment-18"/>Nine months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19130304-18" type="date" value="19130304"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-18-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-19130304 t19130304-18-offence-1 t19130304-18-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191303040022"/>
<persName id="def1-18-19130304" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-18-19130304" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19130304" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19130304" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19130304" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19130304" type="occupation" value="trimmer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SMITH</hi>, John (40, trimmer)</persName>
<rs id="t19130304-18-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-18-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-18-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, stealing one watch and chain and a £2 piece, the goods of
<persName id="t19130304-name-109" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-109" type="surname" value="LOHMANN"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-109" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY HATTERLEY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130304-18-offence-1 t19130304-name-109"/>William Henry Hatterley Lohmann</persName>, from his person.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. John Harris prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-110" type="surname" value="LOHMANN"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-110" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY HATTERLEY"/>WILLIAM HENRY HATTERLEY LOHMANN</persName> </hi>, Hayes, Middlesex, retired licensed victualler. On February 24 at 1.45 p.m I was with my wife near Blackfriars Station when I received a violent blow in the stomach, and my watch and chain with £2 piece attached (value about £40) were snatched from my waistcoat pocket. The bow of the watch was broken and the watch and chain fell on the pavement. The thief ran away. I could not see who snatched my watch and chain. Prisoner was brought back by a policeman in custody and was identified by my wife.</p>
<p>(Thursday, March 6.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-111" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-111" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-111" type="surname" value="LOHMANN"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-111" type="given" value="EVA"/>EVA LOHMANN</persName> </hi>, wife of the last witness. On February 24 at 1.45 p.m. I was with prosecutor in Queen Victoria Street when prisoner snatched his watch and chain, which fell on to the pavement. Prisoner ran off. I followed, calling "Stop thief," into Water Lane. A policeman stopped him. My husband then came up and charged prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t19130304-name-112" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-112" type="surname" value="MATTHEWS"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-112" type="given" value=""/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MATTHEWS</hi> </persName>, B Division, City. On February 24 at 1.45 p.m. I as on duty opposite Water Lane when a man pointed out prisoner, who was running up Water Lane. I ran after him and stopped him—he was then walking. I said, "I think you have just stolen a watch and chain." He said, "I know nothing of a watch and chain. What are you stopping me for?" Mr. and Mrs. Lohmann then came up. Mrs. Lohmann identified the prisoner, and said, "This man has just stolen a watch and chain from my husband in Queen Victoria Street." Prisoner made no reply. He had a fresh cut on the inside of the fourth finger of his right hand; it was bleeding. I then took him to the station. He was charged and made no reply.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by prisoner. You were about 18 yards off when I saw you; Mr. and Mrs. Lohmann came up three minutes afterwards.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-113" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-113" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-113" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN SMITH</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). On February 24 I was walking up Water Lane when the constable stopped me and said, "I give you in charge for stealing a gentleman's watch." I said, "I do not know anything about the gentleman's watch and chain." He detained me. A few minutes afterwards another constable came up and said, "It is all right, take him to the station." I saw nothing of Mr. and Mrs. Lohmann until I came to the station. What the constable says is all untrue.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I was going to Smithfield Market. I heard no one called out "Stop thief." I was running because I saw a chum of mine, whom I knew when I was a soldier, and I ran a few yards to try and catch him. He was not running; I missed him. I had not been</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191303040023"/>
<p>running before. Mrs. Lohmann is quite wrong. She identified me at the police station. I got that cut on my finger in this way. Just before I got into Water Lane I was trying to pass the traffic in Lud
<lb/>gate Circus and my finger was cut on the tailboard of a van.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MATTHEWS</hi>, recalled. (To the Recorder.) After I had stopped prisoner another constable came up; I sent him to find the prosecutor. Mr. and Mrs. Lohmann came up; Mrs. Lohmann identified the prisoner, and they followed to Bridewell Police Station.</p>
<rs id="t19130304-18-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-18-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-18-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Prisoner confessed to having been convicted, at London Sessions, on February 9, 1909, receiving 21 months' hard labour, for stealing boots. Six other convictions of burglary and larceny were proved, commencing in 1905.</p>
<rs id="t19130304-18-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-18-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-18-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-19130304 t19130304-18-punishment-19"/>Three years' penal servitude.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, March 5.)</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19130304-19" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130304"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-19" type="date" value="19130304"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-19-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-19-19130304 t19130304-19-offence-1 t19130304-19-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-19-19130304" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-19-19130304" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19130304" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19130304" type="surname" value="BASSETT"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19130304" type="given" value="EDITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19130304" type="occupation" value=""/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BASSETT</hi>, Edith (23)</persName>,
<rs id="t19130304-19-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-19-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-19-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19130304-19-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-19-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-19-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>of feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19130304-name-115" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-115" type="surname" value="MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-115" type="given" value="THEODORE GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130304-19-offence-1 t19130304-name-115"/>Theo
<lb/>dore George Martin</persName>, her former husband being then alive.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner confessed to having been convicted, at this court, on April 3, 1905, in the name of Edith Simmons, of felony.</p>
<rs id="t19130304-19-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-19-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-19-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-19-19130304 t19130304-19-punishment-20"/>Prisoner was bound over on her own recognisances in £10 to come up for judgment if called upon.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130304-20">
<interp inst="t19130304-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130304"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-20" type="date" value="19130304"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-20-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-19130304 t19130304-20-offence-1 t19130304-20-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-20-19130304" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-20-19130304" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19130304" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19130304" type="surname" value="CAMPBELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19130304" type="given" value="NIGEL"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19130304" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CAMPBELL</hi>, Nigel (18, clerk)</persName>
<rs id="t19130304-20-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-20-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-20-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, indicted for unlawfully forging and uttering, knowing the same to be forged, a pass of the
<persName id="t19130304-name-117" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-117" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130304-20-offence-1 t19130304-name-117"/>London General Omnibus Company, Limited</persName>, with intent to defraud,</rs>
<rs id="t19130304-20-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-20-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-20-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>pleaded guilty of uttering. This plea was accepted.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19130304-20-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-20-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-20-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-19130304 t19130304-20-punishment-21"/>Prisoner was released on his own recognisances in £10 to come up for judgment if called upon.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUDGE LUMLEY SMITH</hi> </p>
<p>(Wednesday, March 5.)</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19130304-21" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130304"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-21" type="date" value="19130304"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-21-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-19130304 t19130304-21-offence-1 t19130304-21-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-21-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-19130304 t19130304-21-offence-2 t19130304-21-verdict-1"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-21-charge-6" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-19130304 t19130304-21-offence-6 t19130304-21-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-21-charge-7" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-19130304 t19130304-21-offence-7 t19130304-21-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-21-19130304" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-21-19130304" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19130304" type="age" value="45"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19130304" type="surname" value="VIRTUE"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19130304" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19130304" type="occupation" value=""/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">VIRTUE</hi>, Harry, otherwise
<rs id="t19130304-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-19130304 t19130304-alias-1"/> known as Richard Henry Barber </rs>(45)</persName>,
<rs id="t19130304-21-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-21-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-21-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19130304-21-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-21-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-21-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>of feloniously giving a false certificate relating to the death of Benjamin Billingley;</rs>
<rs id="t19130304-21-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-21-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-21-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>like offence relating to the death of
<persName id="t19130304-name-119" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-119" type="surname" value="ROSSINGTON"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-119" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130304-21-offence-2 t19130304-name-119"/>Thomas Rossington</persName>;</rs>
<rs id="t19130304-21-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-21-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-21-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>like offence relating to the death of
<persName id="t19130304-name-120" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-120" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-120" type="surname" value="BLOOM"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-120" type="given" value="MARY ELIZABETH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130304-21-offence-3 t19130304-name-120"/>Mary Eliza
<lb/>beth Bloom</persName>; </rs>
<rs id="t19130304-21-offence-4" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-21-offence-4" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-21-offence-4" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>like offence relating to the death of
<persName id="t19130304-name-121" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-121" type="surname" value="ALLSOPP"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-121" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130304-21-offence-4 t19130304-name-121"/>William Allsopp</persName>;</rs>
<rs id="t19130304-21-offence-5" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-21-offence-5" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-21-offence-5" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>like offence relating to the death of
<persName id="t19130304-name-122" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-122" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-122" type="surname" value="WOOLLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-122" type="given" value="RACHEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130304-21-offence-5 t19130304-name-122"/>Rachel Woolley</persName>;</rs>
<rs id="t19130304-21-offence-6" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-21-offence-6" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-21-offence-6" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/> unlawfully pro
<lb/>curing himself to be registered as a medical practitioner on the Medical Register kept in pursuance of the Medical Act, 1858;</rs>
<rs id="t19130304-21-offence-7" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-21-offence-7" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-21-offence-7" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>unlawfully forg
<lb/>ing certain certificates under and for the purposes of Births and Deaths Registration Act, 1874.</rs> </p>
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<p>Mr. Bodkin and Mr. Whiteley prosecuted; Mr. George Elliott, K.C., and Mr. Robertson appeared for prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t19130304-name-123" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-123" type="surname" value="BODKIN"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-123" type="given" value=""/>Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">BODKIN</hi> </persName> said that in 1890 Dr. Richard Henry Barber left this country for Portland, Oregon, and practised in America until he was drowned in 1904. In 1906 a request, signed "Richard Henry Barber," was received by the Registrar of the General Medical Union that Dr. Barber's address should be altered to 52, Tunnel Road, Liverpool. Similar requests were made in 1911 and 1912. In September last he was acting as assistant to a medical practitioner in the Midlands, and suspicion being aroused, the Medical Defence Union were communi
<lb/>cated with. A letter was sent to him on September 10, and the same night he left the district. He was arrested at Liverpool whilst trying to leave the country by Chief-inspecter Fowler. On the way to London prisoner managed to open the door of the carriage and dropped from the train. Inspector Fowler and another detective held him by his collar, which broke, and he fell on the line, but he escaped serious injury. He was eventually recaptured and since then had been malin
<persName id="t19130304-name-124" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-124" type="surname" value="ELLIOTT"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-124" type="given" value=""/>Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">ELLIOTT</hi> </persName> said that from 1905 to 1912 prisoner acted as locum tenens to ten or eleven professional men, and in no fewer than four instances was he actually re-engaged. He had shown great skill. He studied medicine at Boston University and other places in America. He became M.D. of Chicago and Wisconsin, in addition to obtaining a diploma in Peru.</p>
<rs id="t19130304-21-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-21-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-21-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-19130304 t19130304-21-punishment-22"/>Nine months' imprisonment, second division, on each in
<lb/>dictment, to run concurrently.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130304-22">
<interp inst="t19130304-22" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130304"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-22" type="date" value="19130304"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-22-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-19130304 t19130304-22-offence-1 t19130304-22-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-22-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-19130304 t19130304-22-offence-2 t19130304-22-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-22-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-19130304 t19130304-22-offence-3 t19130304-22-verdict-1"/>
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<persName id="def1-22-19130304" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-22-19130304" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19130304" type="age" value="53"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19130304" type="surname" value="HEAL"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19130304" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19130304" type="occupation" value=""/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HEAL</hi>, William Henry (53)</persName>,
<rs id="t19130304-22-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-22-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-22-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19130304-22-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-22-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-22-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>of forging and uttering, knowing the same to be forged, the endorsement on seven several Bills of Exchange for payment of the sums of £120, £55 14s. 7d., £34 13s., £48, £62, £50 4s. 6d., and £150 respectively, in each case with intent to defraud (seven indictments);</rs>
<rs id="t19130304-22-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-22-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-22-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>forging and uttering, knowing the same to be forged, three several receipts for the sums of £48, £150, and £120 respectively, in each case with intent to defraud (three indict
<lb/>ments); </rs>
<rs id="t19130304-22-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-22-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-22-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>obtaining by false pretences from E. Lacon and Co. bankers' cheques for pavment of the several sums of £34 13s., £150, £48, £120, £50 4s. 6d., £62, and £55 14s. 7d., in each case with intent to defraud;</rs>
<rs id="t19130304-22-offence-4" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-22-offence-4" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-22-offence-4" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>forging a deed with intent to defraud, and uttering same.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Travers Humphreys prosecuted; Mr. George Elliott, K.C., and Mr. H. St. John Raikes appeared for prisoner.</p>
<p>Mr. Humphreys stated that prisoner was employed by Messrs. E. Lacon and Co., Ltd., brewers, as their agent for the Cambridge district, and he had embarked on a career of extravagance and taken his em
<lb/>ployers' money to the amount of at least £9,000.</p>
<p>Mr. Elliott said that prisoner had left the army with an exemplary character. He was sent to Cambridge to push his firm's trade in the district, and he might have entirely exceeded his instructions, but in throwing himself into the social life of the district and generally making himself popular he gave cups at sports and contributed to one thing and another. However, he always did it in the firm's name. If</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191303040025"/>
<p>he had had the moral courage to go to Messrs. Lacon and explain his foolishness, no doubt this position of affairs would have never arisen.</p>
<p>Sentence (May 6):
<rs id="t19130304-22-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-22-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-22-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-19130304 t19130304-22-punishment-23"/>Three years' penal servitude on each indictment, to run concurrently.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130304-23">
<interp inst="t19130304-23" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130304"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-23" type="date" value="19130304"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-23-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-19130304 t19130304-23-offence-1 t19130304-23-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-23-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-19130304 t19130304-23-offence-2 t19130304-23-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-23-19130304" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-23-19130304" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19130304" type="age" value="48"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19130304" type="surname" value="MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19130304" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19130304" type="occupation" value="brass-finisher"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARTIN</hi>, George (48, brass-finisher)</persName>
<rs id="t19130304-23-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-23-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-23-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>; breaking and entering the shop of
<persName id="t19130304-name-127" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-127" type="surname" value="KENNING"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-127" type="given" value="FRANK REGINALD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130304-23-offence-1 t19130304-name-127"/>Frank Reginald Kenning</persName> and others and stealing therein a quantity of embroidery materials and masonic jewellery, their goods,</rs>
<rs id="t19130304-23-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-23-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-23-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/>and feloniously receiving same.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19130304-23-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-23-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-23-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>pleaded guilty of receiving, and this plea was accepted.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Courthorpe prosecuted.</p>
<rs id="t19130304-23-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-23-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-23-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-19130304 t19130304-23-punishment-24"/>Eighteen months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130304-24">
<interp inst="t19130304-24" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130304"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-24" type="date" value="19130304"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-24-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-24-19130304 t19130304-24-offence-1 t19130304-24-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-24-19130304" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-24-19130304" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19130304" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19130304" type="surname" value="SHELLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19130304" type="given" value="PHILLIP"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19130304" type="occupation" value="engineer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SHELLEY</hi>, Phillip, otherwise
<rs id="t19130304-alias-2" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-24-19130304 t19130304-alias-2"/> George Tippett </rs>(30, engineer)</persName>
<rs id="t19130304-24-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-24-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-24-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>steal
<lb/>ing a scarfpin, the goods of
<persName id="t19130304-name-129" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-129" type="surname" value="BARRON"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-129" type="given" value="WILLIAM ARTHUR"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130304-24-offence-1 t19130304-name-129"/>William Arthur Barron</persName>, from his person.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. E. H. Combe prosecuted; Mr. Tully-Christie defended.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-130" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-130" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-130" type="surname" value="BARRON"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-130" type="given" value="WILLIAM ARTHUR"/>WILLIAM ARTHUR BARRON</persName> </hi>, member of the Stock Exchange. On the morning of February 19 I came by the Underground to the Bank Station. I went up by the lift and then proceeded up the steps. When I had got up five or six steps prisoner and a confederate hustled me, and when I had reached about two steps from the top I missed my tie pin. I looked straight at prisoner, and he turned round and ran as hard as he could. I called out "Stop thief" several times, and even
<lb/>tually a constable on point duty at the end of Threadneedle Street put his arms out and the prisoner ran into them. I did not lose sight of prisoner. I told the officer that prisoner or his confederate had taken my scarf pin. Prisoner said, "I was trying to get on my 'bus." The pin was a black pearl pin with diamonds round it and was worth about £50.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not hear the prisoner say he was going to catch a 'bus to Wood Green till after I spoke to the policeman. He was not going in the correct direction for a Wood Green 'bus.</p>
<persName id="t19130304-name-131" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-131" type="surname" value="RAWLINGS"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-131" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALFRED RAWLINGS</hi> </persName>, 154 A, City. On February 19 I was on point duty at the endof Threadneedle Street and I had stopped the traffic when I heard a shout of "Stop thief." I saw prisoner running down the centre of the roadway, and I opened my arms and he ran into them. He said, "I have not got it; I am run
<lb/>ning for my 'bus." Barron came up and said that prisoner was con
<lb/>cerned with another man in stealing his scarfpin. Prisoner made no reply there, but at the police station he said, "All right." I was about to let the traffic go and therefore the whole of that part of the street would be clear of traffic.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner did not say, "What is the matter? I am running for my 'bus." We found £1 11s. 1d. upon the prisoner, but no pin.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-132" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-132" type="surname" value="SHELLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-132" type="given" value="PHILLIP"/>PHILLIP SHELLEY</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I had been to Leadenball Market and made my way to the Bank, where I went into a lavatory. On coming up I saw my 'bus just about to stop over on the corner and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191303040026"/>
<p>I ran in and out of the traffic to get out into the open. I was just about to branch over when a policeman put out his arms and I ran into them. I said, "What is the matter?" He replied, "A gentle
<lb/>man is saying he has lost something." I said, "I am going to get my Wood Green 'bus." He said, "Wait a minute." Prosecutor came up, feeling all round his waistcoat, and the policeman said, "Is this the man who took it?" Prosecutor said, "No, I do not say he took it, but, seeing him run, I think he knows something about it."</p>
<rs id="t19130304-24-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-24-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-24-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130304-25">
<interp inst="t19130304-25" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130304"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-25" type="date" value="19130304"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-25-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-19130304 t19130304-25-offence-1 t19130304-25-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-25-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-19130304 t19130304-25-offence-2 t19130304-25-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-25-19130304" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-25-19130304" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19130304" type="age" value="39"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19130304" type="surname" value="CLARKE"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19130304" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19130304" type="occupation" value="agent"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CLARKE</hi>, William John (39, agent)</persName>
<rs id="t19130304-25-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-25-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-25-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, having been entrusted with certain property, to wit, ten sable ties and other articles for a certain purpose, unlawfully and fraudulently converting the same and the pro
<lb/>ceeds thereof to his own use and benefit;</rs>
<rs id="t19130304-25-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-25-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-25-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>stealing fifteen ties, one coat, and one muff, the goods of
<persName id="t19130304-name-134" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-134" type="surname" value="KOSMINSKI"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-134" type="given" value="MARTIN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130304-25-offence-2 t19130304-name-134"/>Martin Kosminski</persName>, his master.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Montague Shearman, junior, prosecuted; Mr. Stanley Meeke defended.</p>
<p>The trial of this prisoner was commenced before Judge Rentoul at last sessions; before the case for the prosecution had closed a juror was taken ill, and the trial was postponed. It was now stated that in the interval prisoner had given back nearly all the property, and it was clear that he had conceived the notion that he had a claim against his employer. Under all the circumstances, the prosecution now offered no evidence.</p>
<rs id="t19130304-25-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-25-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-25-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>Not guilty</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130304-26">
<interp inst="t19130304-26" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130304"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-26" type="date" value="19130304"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-26-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-19130304 t19130304-26-offence-1 t19130304-26-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-26-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-19130304 t19130304-26-offence-2 t19130304-26-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-26-19130304" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-26-19130304" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19130304" type="age" value="55"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19130304" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19130304" type="given" value="CHARLES EDWIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19130304" type="occupation" value="timber merchant"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHNSON</hi>, Charles Edwin (55, timber merchant)</persName>
<rs id="t19130304-26-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-26-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-26-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bankrupcy"/>, within four months next before the presentation of a bankruptcy petition against him upon which he was adjudged bankrupt, being a trader unlawfully with intent to defraud, pledging and disposing of otherwise than in the ordinary course of his trade, certain property which he had obtained on credit and not paid for, and unlawfully making certain material omissions in a statement of his affairs with intent to defraud; </rs>
<rs id="t19130304-26-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-26-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-26-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bankrupcy"/>within four months next before the presentation of a bankruptcy petition against him upon which he was adjudged bankrupt, being a trader un
<lb/>lawfully with intent to defraud, obtaining property on credit under false pretences and which he had not paid for.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Muir, Mr. Percival Clarke, and Mr. Adrian Clark prosecuted; Mr. Farleigh defended.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-136" type="surname" value="BOYLE"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-136" type="given" value="GEORGE INGLIS"/>GEORGE INGLIS BOYLE</persName> </hi>, messenger, Bankruptcy Court. I produce the bankruptcy petition in the case of Charles Edwin Johnson, dated September 20, 1911. The receiving order was made on September 30, 1911, and he was adjudicated bankrupt on October 13, 1911. Mr. Arthur Charles Bourner was appointed trustee in that bankruptcy on October 16, 1911. The bankrupt filed a statement of affairs on November 10. I do not see any mention of debts due to the London and South-Western Bank, Ltd., of £98 10s., to William Thew and Co. of £200, to Louisa Elizabeth Allen of £625, to Florence Harridan of £90, to J. R. Burton of £95, and to Ludwig and Co. of £69 5s. The defendant places his gross liabilities at £25,069 6s., £9,556 5s. 7d.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191303040027"/>
<p>of which he regards as being fully secured and £1,000 as partly se
<lb/>cured. The assets are placed at £7,578 9s. 4d. He has deducted from his gross liabilities those which he regards as partly and fully secured, and that figure, taken in conjunction with the amount of assets, leaves him on his own showing a deficiency of £676 5s. 9d.</p>
<p>(Thursday, March 6.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-137" type="surname" value="SUDBURY"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-137" type="given" value="ARTHUR CHARLES"/>ARTHUR CHARLES SUDBURY</persName> </hi>. I produce the books showing the transactions between prisoner and Lathey and Co., Ltd. On June 19, 1911, that company sold to prisoner timber of the value of £189 5s. There were 48 logs of mahogany, 18,634 feet, marked "Ex 'Power
<lb/>ful' T.B.K." A bill was given for those goods, but it was not met. On July 13 they sold him 1,185 pieces of one-inch oak, length 11,484 feet, marked "Ex 'Kingstonia,' H.M.L.," over "R.C.," and in value £131 11s. 9d. That was also paid for by bill. The only payment received was by a dividend of 2s. 6d. in the £ nearly a year after the bankruptcy.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. They were six months' bills. I believe that paying by bill is a very common practice in the timber trade.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-138" type="surname" value="EBSTEIN"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-138" type="given" value="MOSS"/>MOSS EBSTEIN</persName> </hi>, secretary of the Great Eastern Timber Co., Ltd., 154, Bishopsgate. We started doing business with prisoner in March, 1909, and continued till about June, 1911.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-139" type="surname" value="FITCHETT"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-139" type="given" value="EDWIN"/>EDWIN FITCHETT</persName> </hi>, bookkeeper to Myers, Ltd., timber merchants, 79a, Gracechurch Street. We had business transactions with prisoner in June and July, 1911. On July 4 we sold him some 5/8 in. mixed yellow timber, marked "J.F.J., ex s.s. 'Flugt,'" valued at £9 15s. On July 11 we sold him 324 pieces of 3 by 9 yellow deal, marked "S.A.B., ex 'Frigga,'" valued at £68 9s. 9d. On July 14 we sold him 32 pieces of 3 by 11 yellow deal, marked "B.R.V. 3, ex 'Henry the First,'" and also 115 pieces and 19 feet of 1 by 5 white matching, marked "W.J.W., s.s 'Flugt,'" the value of the two being £15 1s. 6d. Those goods were not paid for.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. We have dealt with prisoner since 1902 and have traded with him to the extent of about £1,000 a year. We have found him to be a perfectly respectable and honest trader.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-140" type="surname" value="FORTY"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-140" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER FORTY</persName> </hi>, clerk to W. R. Crow and Sons, timber merchants, 39, Eastcheap. On June 21 we sold timber to prisoner to the value of £74 1s. 7d., and marked "ex s.s. 'Nord' and D.M. and D.O.M." They were paid for by bill. On August 14 we sold him 220 pieces of timber value £9 0s. 6d. and marked with an "I." and then a crown, and then a "W" and "ex s.s 'Falka.'" Those goods also have not been paid for.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. We have dealt with prisoner for more than a dozen years, and he has bought timber in large quantities and paid for it. His practice had been to pay by six-monthly bills. I believe it is the practice in the timber trade to pledge dock warrants with banks. I would not say it is the usual practice; it all depends whether you want to raise money. It may be that a bank will lend money on</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191303040028"/>
<p>a dock warrant where it will lend money on a dock order. We have lent prisoner money and taken dock orders as security.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-141" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-141" type="given" value="JOSEPH GEORGE"/>JOSEPH GEORGE WILSON</persName> </hi>, manager to Irwin and Sellers, timber mer
<lb/>chants, 4, Lloyd's Avenue, Fenchurch Street. On July 15 we sold to prisoner 235 birch planks, ex s.s. "Corinthian," and valued at £63 8s. On the same day we sold him 1,008 pieces of timber, ex s.s. "Montreal," and valued at £116 15s. 8d. Those goods have not been paid for.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. We have had dealings with prisoner for about sixteen years, and we have received from him a large amount of money.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-142" type="surname" value="VIGERS"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-142" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK VIGERS</persName> </hi>, of Vigers Bros., timber merchants, 67, King William Street. It is not in the ordinary course of a timber mer
<lb/>chant's business to pledge timber obtained on credit, or to pledge dock warrants or dock orders which relate to that timber. I am speaking now with regard to moneylenders and discounters, but I should not say it is the practice with banks either. I believe that timber brokers do occasionally lend money on dock orders or dock warrants. They might take the dock order of the owner of the goods, but not that of the seller. I have heard of banks lending money on dock warrants, but not often, but I have not heard of timber merchants doing so. We have taken dock orders as security. A dock warrant is issued by the Dock Company and substantiates the Dock order and proves that the goods are there. A dock order without such an acknowledgment by the Dock Company might be worthless, and to borrow money on it would depend on the reputation of the borrower.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have heard of borrowing transactions in the timber trade from money lenders, but we should close a man's account directly we knew of it. That is one reason why we would not deal with the defendant, because we believed that he was borrowing.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-143" type="surname" value="EBSTEIN"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-143" type="given" value="MOSS"/>MOSS EBSTEIN</persName> </hi> (re-called). On April 5, 1911, we sold to prisoner a parcel of mahogany boards valued at £69 19s. 8d. There were 1,555 pieces, containing 5,168 feet, and marked "A1, ex 'Minneapolis.'" Prisoner gave us a bill, which was returned unpaid when it matured. On May 26 we sold him twenty-five logs of mahogany, valued at £138 11s. 11d., and marked "K.R. over L, ex 'Aguauga.'" He also gave us a bill for that amount and it was not met.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. We have been dealing with him since March, 1909, and his practice has been to pay by bill. That is the common practice in the timber trade.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-144" type="surname" value="KEEPING"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-144" type="given" value="RICHARD HARRY"/>RICHARD HARRY KEEPING</persName> </hi>, timber merchant and exporter, 6, Devon
<lb/>shire Buildings. On June 19, 1911, I sold prisoner 546 planks of oak, valued at £145 3s. 11d., and marked "F.O. ex 'Montawk Point.' " On the same day I sold him 464 pieces of oak, valued at £100 13s. 3d., and marked "E.B. ex 'Montawk Point.' " On July 3 I sold him two lots of timber, 595 marked "7050" and 885 marked "7052," both ex "Mercia," and valued at £277 7s. 7d. On July 13 I sold him 340 pieces of oak, valued at £38 4s. 1d., and marked "A7" from a ship named "Kayosoto." On the same day I sold him 134 flitches of teak, valued at £148 16s. 7d., and marked "S.L. over T." from the ship "Gannet." There were also seven flitches of teak valued at £14 18s.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191303040029"/>
<p>10d. On June 11 I sold him 182 pieces of oak, valued at £36 15s., and marked "E" from the "Montawk Point." All the goods were sold on credit and have not been paid for. His previous purchases had been much smaller. I had an interview with him in July as his account was getting big, and I asked him as to his financial stability. He brought me a balance sheet to June 30, 1910. I pointed out that was a year old, and he told me the other one was being made out and that it was better than the one he had shown to me. I did not see that balance sheet, but he satisfied me that his position was a sound one. I believe it was at that interview he informed me he was temporarily short of cash owing to making a big bad debt at Bristol, with Allsopp, and asked me to lend him £150. He gave me a cheque dated five days hence and I gave him one of my cheques dated July 10. His cheque was not met till July 25, It is not in the ordinary course of business to pledge with moneylenders timber obtained on credit, or dock warrants. or orders. But I have known of dock orders or war
<lb/>rants being left with banks as security for temporary advances.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have raised money with my bankers on goods, but not goods I have not paid for. I have lodged bills of lading with the bank, but I object to the word "pledge" being applied to that transaction. It isa common practice, and also with dock warrants and dock orders. It is not a common practice to lodge those documents with timber brokers.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-145" type="surname" value="GARRETT"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-145" type="given" value="LEWIS"/>LEWIS GARRETT</persName> </hi>, London manager to H. J. Munro and Co., timber brokers and agents, 118, Leadenhall Street. On July 13, 1911, we sold to prisoner 193 oak planks, valued at £95 0s. 9d., and marked "P" ex "Mackino." He gave a bill, which was not met.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have known one or two cases of dock orders or warrants being deposited with timber brokers as security for money lent.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I cannot say I have heard of genuine transactions where goods have been pledged with registered moneylenders.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-146" type="surname" value="EDELLS"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-146" type="given" value="ALBERT HENRY"/>ALBERT HENRY EDELLS</persName> </hi>, registered moneylender, 65, Kingsland Road. On June 19, 1911, I lent prisoner £280 6s. on certain dock orders. I took three bills for £100 each, returnable at four, five and six months. The dock orders were afterwards changed to dock warrants.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I am not really a moneylender, but a bill dis
<lb/>counter, and my rates of interest are from 10 to 15 per cent. I sold one parcel of timber for £100 13s. 1d. I valued the remainder of my security at £743 and the trustee paid me that and redeemed the timber. I have had similar dealings with men engaged in the timber trade. I lose about £400, as I was a creditor for £1,200.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-147" type="surname" value="SMART"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-147" type="given" value="EDGAR"/>EDGAR SMART</persName> </hi>. In June and July, 1911, I was confidential clerk to a chartered accountant. On June 11 I lent prisoner £85 on the security of timber warrants. He never redeemed the warrants and I sold the timber and made a loss on the transaction.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-148" type="surname" value="GILL"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-148" type="given" value="ARTHUR FREDERICK"/>ARTHUR FREDERICK GILL</persName> </hi>, auditor, Northampon. In July, 1911, I lent prisoner £200 on some delivery orders for timber. I afterwards sold all the timber to Mr. Lewis Garrett.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191303040030"/>
<p>Cross-examined. I gave the trustee the opportunity to redeem and he refused.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-149" type="surname" value="HOPKINS"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-149" type="given" value="HERBERT ISAAC"/>HERBERT ISAAC HOPKINS</persName> </hi>, clerk, London County and Westminster Bank, Old Street. From 1906 to somewhere in 1911 prisoner had an account with us. Up to 1910 it was a fairly active account, but at the end of 1910 the activity fell off. On December 31, 1910, the account was overdrawn £315 4s. 2d. We had been in the habit of discounting bills for him. We ceased that on January 4, 1911. After that the account was kept alive for the purpose of meeting outstanding bills.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. There was also a No. 2 account, which averaged about £250. We also held deeds as securities.</p>
<p>Re-examined. At the end of 1910 there was a credit balance in No. 2 account of £71 19s. and on May 30, 1911, it was transferred to No. 1 account and brought to an end No. 2 account.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-150" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-150" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-150" type="given" value="MARTIN"/>MARTIN BROWN</persName> </hi>, clerk, London and Provincial Bank. Prisoner opened an account at our bank on January 9, 1911. On September 30, 1911, it was overdrawn by £95 15s. There had been a number of bill transactions and some of the bills were dishonoured.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The bills that were dishonoured were chiefly bills drawn by him and accepted by other people, who failed to pay.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-151" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-151" type="surname" value="ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-151" type="given" value="LOUISA ELIZABETH"/>LOUISA ELIZABETH ALLEN</persName> </hi>, Hornsey. At the time of his bankruptcy prisoner owed me £800 and he now owes me £625. He is my brother.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not lend him £300 and his brother £500; I lent prisoner £800 and he lent £500 to his brother. I borrowed the money from the Borough of Finsbury Building Society and he guaran
<lb/>teed to repay it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-152" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-152" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED BAKER</persName> </hi>, 24, Hart Street, Bloomsbury, assistant to Mr. Fran
<lb/>cis Ludwig. Prisoner was indebted to my employer at the time of the bankruptcy. I produce two bills accepted by prisoner, which are the property of Mr. Ludwig. They had been discounted by Mr. Clarke, a pianoforte manufacturer.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I do not know prisoner nor his handwriting.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-153" type="surname" value="NEL"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-153" type="given" value="LOUIS"/>LOUIS NEL</persName> </hi>, 3, Rufus Street, the address of William Thew and Com
<lb/>pany. I produce two bills for £100 each, which were in the possession of William Thew and Company, and which were handed to the trustee. My knowledge of that is derived merely from the letter book.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-154" type="surname" value="LINDSAY"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-154" type="given" value="SIDNEY"/>SIDNEY LINDSAY</persName> </hi>, clerk, the London and South Western Bank, Fen-church Street. I produce an acceptance of C. E. Johnson held by the bank. It was not met and we have proved in bankruptcy for the amount, £98 10s.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-155" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-155" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-155" type="surname" value="HARRIDAN"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-155" type="given" value="FLORENCE"/>FLORENCE HARRIDAN</persName> </hi>, 148, Junction Road, Holloway. Prisoner owed me £150 and he has paid £60 back by instalments. I have proved in bankruptcy for the balance.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not intend to prove at first, because prisoner told me he would pay it out of his earnings as a debt of honour.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-156" type="surname" value="BURTON"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-156" type="given" value="JOHN READ"/>JOHN READ BURTON</persName> </hi>, veneer merchant, 141. Curtain Road. Pri
<lb/>soner owed me £95 on a bill of exchange and it has never been paid. It was due on October 29, 1911. I have proved in bankruptcy for that amount.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191303040031"/>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not know till yesterday that my claim was disputed.</p>
<p>(Friday, March 7.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-157" type="surname" value="BOURNER"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-157" type="given" value="ARTHUR CHARLES"/>ARTHUR CHARLES BOURNER</persName> </hi>, chartered accountant, Bush Lane House, Cannon Street, E.C. On October 16, 1911, I was appointed trustee in prisoner's bankruptcy. I found that his accounts had been regu
<lb/>larly audited and annual balance sheets and profit and loss accounts prepared up to June, 1910. None has been produced to me after that time. His sales of timber amounted to about £14,000 a year. There were many exchange cheque and accommodation bill transac
<lb/>tions. The object of the exchange cheque transactions was to get the benefit of the three days which it takes to clear a cheque. Those transactions amounted to nearly £125,000 a year. In the timber trade, £14,000 a year is a comparatively small business. Prisoner returned his deficiency at £676, based on his estimate of the value of his securi
<lb/>ties. Part of his stock, which he valued at £1,500, I realised at £754. The amount expected to rank for dividend was £8,254, but the proofs I have admitted do not justify that. The proofs admitted amount to £14,651. Besides the stock I have realised some small sum from surplus of securities, £144, and a considerable sum in respect of eight or nine fraudulent preferences. I have brought an action against E. Whitfield, who was prisoner's manager, and Mrs. Whit
<lb/>field and Mrs. Johnson (prisoner's sisters). The Court found that a bill of exchange for £152 0s. 2d. was a preference and ordered Whit
<lb/>field to pay that sum to me. From the books I ascertained that ✗at was for money advanced by Mrs. Whitfield to prisoner at some previous date. I did not get all the money, but I got all I could. A week later a similar application was made to the Court of Appeal in respect to Joseph Henry Whitfield, and an order was made for the payment or transfer of a bill of exchange for £300, dated August 24, 1911. There were large numbers of exchange cheque transactions, and for large amounts, between the prisoner and Whitfield. From January to August those transactions amounted to over £15,000, and they in
<lb/>creased month by month. The inference I draw is that prisoner knew at the end of May that his transactions were coming to an end and it was desirable to let Mr. Whitfield out. On July 5, 1911, prisoner transferred his book debts, past and future, to the firm of Beresford and Hicks. An action was brought against me because I claimed the book debts, and that assignment was set aside. If that assign
<lb/>ment had been a valid one prisoner could only have paid for the goods ordered by selling for cash, because if he incurred a book debt it went under the assignment. On July 3, prisoner sold the furniture in his house to his wife. In his statement of affairs I do not find any mention ✗ a debt to the London and South Western Bank of £98 10s., or to William Thew and Co. of £200, or to Louisa Elizabeth Allen of £606, or to Florence Harridan of £90, or to J. R. Burton of £95, or to Ludwig and Co. of £49 5s. Two bills for £24 12s. 6d., which I produce, were accepted by prisoner and drawn by A. Clark. I did not find in the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191303040032"/>
<p>stock book all the stock entered that I expected, and I asked prisoner to fill in the details. He then disclosed the fact that some of the goods had been pledged. It is quite unusual in the timber trade to pledge goods, either with moneylenders or accountants' clerks. In July, 1911, according to his cash book, prisoner received £6,000 and paid to his trade creditors £992. On June 20 and afterwards, a large number of cheques were drawn by prisoner and not met by the bank. The de
<lb/>ficiency alleged by prisoner was £676, but I find it in fact to be over £10,000, and at present a dividend of 2s. 6d. in the £ has been declared.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. In the receipts of £6,000 in July I have included the money received on exchange cheque and bill transactions, and therefore it is misleading. It is quite usual in this business to buy from wholesale merchants and pay by bill, and to sell for cash and utilise the money for other purpose until the bill becomes due. It would be the ordinary way of business if these goods, instead of being pawned, had been sold to users for cash and there I should not suggest fraud. I am complaining that goods were bought on one day and pledged on the same day with a moneylender (not sold to an ordinary timber merchant) and the money used not to pay trade creditors, but to pay accommodation creditors. It was only by this accommodation that prisoner had been able to carry on the business at all, and it is obvious that he was paying with this money creditors of three or four years ago. The books were well kept and quite satisfactory up to the end of June, but everything was unsatisfactory after the assignment to Beresford and Hicks.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">T. H. BIDDLE</hi>, Incorporated Accountant, Great Tower Street, E.C. I have examined prisoner's books for June and July, 1911. The pledgings were £200, £85, £240, £200, and £200, making a total of £925. I can trace into the bank of that amount as much as £885, and the balance is accounted for in the cash book by cash payments. With regard to whether prisoner sustained loss by reason of the return of acceptances, I found that up to June 16 acceptances amounting to £213 8s. 4d. had come back dishonoured. There were many others later, and the proceeds from the pledgings went towards meeting those returned acceptances. The exchange cheque transactions were ordinary accommodation cheques and were simply cross entries. The trading receipts for June were £2,195 15s. 2d., and the exchange cheque re
<lb/>ceipts were £7,253 10s. 4d. The trading payments were £2,292 19s. 11d. That account proves that the pledgings were necessary for the carrying on of the business and that the funds were spent in the busi
<lb/>ness, and the trading receipts went in liquidation of the trading debts. The trading receipts during July were £1,810 18s. 1d., and the trading payments were £2,075 2s. 11d. As to exchange transactions, the re
<lb/>ceipts were £4,461 12s. 8d., and the payments £3,568 5s. 3d. I gathered from this that prisoner was in a tight corner, and it was necessary to keep the business going and that there was no fraudulent intention.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191303040033"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-158" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-158" type="given" value="CHARLES EDWIN"/>CHARLES EDWIN JOHNSON</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). The pawnings and purchases were set out in the statement of affairs filed by me on October 24, 1911. The sum of £885, out of the £925 raised by pawning, was paid into the banking account out of which I paid my trade debts. The exchange cheque transactions were owing to the failure in Novem
<lb/>ber, 1910, of a firm with whom I had dealt, and the whole of the trade knows that. I had to find £3,000 in six months. Then I had this batch of bills returned in June and July, 1911. The object of the exchange cheque transactions was to get three days' grace when I was hard pressed. The money was paid into the bank for trade debts. It is the general practice in the timber trade, unless a man is very wealthy, to pay by six-months' bills. There was a general knowledge in June and July that I had run up against a hot time.</p>
<p>(Tuesday, March 11.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-159" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-159" type="given" value="CHARLES EDWIN"/>CHARLES EDWIN JOHNSON</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath), examination con
<lb/>tinued. The date of a dock order is not the date of purchase; in most cases the purchase would be made weeks before. When I pledged the goods I had hopes of being able to redeem them. I had pledged goods previously and then redeemed them and sold them in the ordinary way of business. I sold my furniture to my wife for £100 and the money went in payment of trade debts. I also raised money on deeds belonging to my wife, and that went towards paying my creditors. The result is that she is penniless. The bills referred to were for value received and they were not accommodation bills. I had only £300 of the £800 lent by my sister, my brother having the remainder, and I have repaid my portion with interest. I was legally liable for the whole because I signed the mortgage deed. That debt was not present to my mind when I made out the statement of affairs, because I thought my brother would pay his portion. I borrowed £150 from Miss Harridan, but I did not enter that in my books; I looked upon it as a debt of honour. I have paid off £60. I cannot account for the omission of a bill of £95 from the statement of affairs, as it was entered in the books. With regard to two bills of £24 12s. 6d. I cannot account for their omission from the books unless the clerk omitted to enter them. Some bills of a man named Kershaw were left out of the books because they were for his accommodation, and he said he would pay; they were not trade bills.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I admit the purchases and pledgings, but if I had been left alone I should have pulled round. When I assigned my book debts to Beresford and Hicks it was only as security for money I owed them, and when that debt was satisfied the book debts would have come back to me. I deny that I bought stock to pledge; it was bought in the ordinary way of business.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-160" type="surname" value="KERSHAW"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-160" type="given" value="HENRY EDWARD"/>HENRY EDWARD KERSHAW</persName> </hi>, manufacturer, 131, Curtain Road, said that two bills for £100 each, drawn by the British Flock Mills, Limited,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191303040034"/>
<p>and signed by himself as director, were accepted by prisoner; they were accommodation bills. Witness had met those bills.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-161" type="surname" value="BIBBY"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-161" type="given" value="JOHN THOMAS"/>JOHN THOMAS BIBBY</persName> </hi>, cabinet maker, 23, Hoxton Road, N. I have dealt with prisoner for about 15 years, and have always found him to be honest and straightforward. I am a creditor for £1,300. I have at times lent him money on the security of dock orders.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, March 12.)</p>
<rs id="t19130304-26-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-26-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-26-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MR. JUSTICE BANKES</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, March 6.)</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19130304-27" type="date" value="19130304"/>
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<persName id="def1-27-19130304" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-27-19130304" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19130304" type="age" value="44"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19130304" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19130304" type="given" value="ASENATH"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19130304" type="occupation" value="cook"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JONES</hi>, Asenath (44, cook)</persName>
<rs id="t19130304-27-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-27-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-27-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, feloniously throwing upon
<persName id="t19130304-name-163" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-163" type="surname" value="AKERMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-163" type="given" value="ALFRED CATMORE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130304-27-offence-1 t19130304-name-163"/>Alfred Catmore Akerman</persName> a certain corrosive fluid, with intent to burn, dis
<lb/>figure, and to do him some grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. C. Gregory Fisher prosecuted; Mr. O'Malley defended.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-164" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-164" type="surname" value="AKERMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-164" type="given" value="ALFRED CATMORE"/>ALFRED CATMORE AKERMAN</persName> </hi>, billiard marker, Gauden Hotel, Clapham. On January 21 about 5.45 I was outside the hotel when prisoner came and accused me of going to her lodgings and stating that she had a child of 14; she said that she had been turned out of her lodgings and that I was preventing her getting employment. I told her I did not know where she lived, and had never been there. Immediately I felt some fluid thrown in my face; it went into my ear and down my arms and into the corner of one eye. She was about to throw some more, when I knocked her arm; the bottle that she had broke and part of the fluid went over her.</p>
<persName id="t19130304-name-165" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-165" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-165" type="surname" value="LUDGATE"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-165" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM LUDGATE</hi> </persName>, 869 W. I was on duty at High Street, Clapham, and saw prosecutor, who said, "I wish to charge this woman for throwing vitriol over me." I said, "How do you know it is vitriol?" He said, "It is burning my eye." Prisoner said, "Yes, he knows what I done it for; I am not going to tell you." I noticed some vitriol on the clothing of prosecutor and prisoner. I took them both to the divisional surgeon.</p>
<persName id="t19130304-name-166" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-166" type="surname" value="GOGGINS"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-166" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CHARLES GOGGINS</hi> </persName>. Prisoner was brought into the station just after six. She asked for some water; I gave her some. She said, "I bought the spirits of salt to clean the lavatory pan. He called me a name I did not like and as I held the bottle up he knocked my arm and the stuff went over him."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-167" type="surname" value="SOPER"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-167" type="given" value="BERTRAM"/>BERTRAM SOPER</persName> </hi>, divisional surgeon. Prisoner and prosecutor were brought to me on January 21 just before 6 p.m. Prosecutor was in considerable pain with one eye, and the side of his cheek was inflamed. He had stains of acid on his coat. I attributed his injuries to hydro
<lb/>chloric acid being thrown on him. He still complains of deafness.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner's eye is very much inflamed. She did not complain of a tooth being broken.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191303040035"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-168" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-168" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-168" type="given" value="ASENATH"/>ASENATH JONES</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). On January 21 I went to see prosecutor. I took the acid with me because I intended to drink it in his presence. He came out of the hotel to turn the gas on. I said, "Alfred, how dare you allow that woman, Mrs. Collins, to go to my lodgings and tell my late landlady our past relations? I have lost my situation through it, and I have been turned out of my new lodgings and you are preventing me earning my living." He called me a foul name and struck me in the mouth. I did hit him; I forgot about the bottle and the cork came out. That is how he got some of the contents on him.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I think I told the magistrate that I had no inten
<lb/>tion of injuring him. I bought the stuff at an oil shop in the South Lambeth Road.</p>
<rs id="t19130304-27-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-27-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-27-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>Guilty of throwing corrosive fluid to do grievous bodily harm, with a recommendation to mercy.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19130304-27-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-27-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-27-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-27-19130304 t19130304-27-punishment-25"/>Twelve months' imprisonment.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<persName id="def1-28-19130304" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-28-19130304" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19130304" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19130304" type="surname" value="HYNE"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19130304" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19130304" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HYNE</hi>, Henry (18, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19130304-28-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-28-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="damage"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-28-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="arson"/>, feloniously setting fire to the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t19130304-name-170" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-170" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-170" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-170" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130304-28-offence-1 t19130304-name-170"/>Sarah Hill</persName>, divers persons being therein, and attempting to commit like offence.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Ridworth Davies prosecuted.</p>
<persName id="t19130304-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-171" type="surname" value="DUGGAN"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-171" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS DUGGAN</hi> </persName>, L Division. At 7.30 p.m. on February 4 I went to 33, Elliotts Row, Southwark. I found in the back room on the first floor a chest of drawers charred and certain articles of wearing apparel scorched. Prisoner was present during my investigation. About 8.15 the same day I was called to the same house to an outbreak of fire on the first floor. At 11 p.m. the same day I was called to the same house to a fire that had broken out earlier. It was in the ground floor back occupied by prisoner and his mother. At twelve o'clock that night I saw prisoner at Kennington Lane Police Station, where he had been brought by his mother, and I read to him a statement made by witness Thurgur. Prisoner replied: "I was not in there, I swear it, at five minutes to five. I was outside along with them two other chaps you saw, and about ten past five Ryder answered the insurance man. About half-past four I saw Mr. Thurgur go out. I was finishing a cup of tea in the back room where the fire took place. I shut the door and went into the front parlour to make up a fire, as my grandmother was ill in bed. I then went out and started having a game of spinning top with Ryder and Sirett. I went into the room where the fire occurred about twenty past four and made tea in a mug. I was in the room about eighteen minutes. I did not see my sister Charlotte, aged nine, come into the house till after the fire brigade went away." I told prisoner he would be charged, and he said: "I was lighting a cigarette and I got frightened. The curtain caught alight and I ran out. I did not say anything to anybody as I thought I would get the blame for the other fires." There were six fires be
<lb/>tween 7.30 p.m. on February 1 and 4.55 p.m. on February 4.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191303040036"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-172" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-172" type="surname" value="THURGUR"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-172" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT THURGUR</persName> </hi>, 33, Elliotts Row. I remember going downstairs between 4.30 and 5 p.m. on February 4. I saw prisoner come out of the back parlour and go into the front room. I got half-way down the street and saw the escape turning the corner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-173" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-173" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-173" type="surname" value="HYNE"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-173" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH HYNE</persName> </hi>, prisoner's mother. Prisoner was in the Army about three weeks and was discharged as medically unfit. I remember the fire in the back room on February 4. Prisoner was crying in the passage when I came in. He said Thurgur and Hart blamed him for the fire. I called a policeman and said the people in the house had accused my boy of it. I went with him to the police station, and he was detained.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-174" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-174" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-174" type="surname" value="AUSTEN"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-174" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD AUSTEN</persName> </hi>, 33, Elliotts Row, Lambeth. On February 1 I found my room full of smoke and the bed burning. There was another fire the same evening.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-175" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-175" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-175" type="surname" value="HART"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-175" type="given" value="LILIAN"/>LILIAN HART</persName> </hi>, 33, Elliotts Row, Lambeth. On February 3, at eight o'clock, I left my room and went to the front parlour. About ten minutes after I heard shouts of fire. The chair-bedstead, the cur
<lb/>tains, and my own bed were on fire.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-176" type="surname" value="RYDER"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-176" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH RYDER</persName> </hi>, 34, Elliotts Row. I know prisoner. On February 4 prisoner said to me: "I would not be surprised if there would be another fire."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-177" type="surname" value="BOON"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-177" type="given" value="THOMAS WILLIAM"/>THOMAS WILLIAM BOON</persName> </hi>, station officer, London Fire Brigade, Lam
<lb/>beth. At 4.57 on February 4 I was called to 33, Elliotts Row, and found a fire in the middle room on the ground floor. The window curtain, a table, and some bedding were burnt. The paint work was scorched round the window frame.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN BEARD</hi>. I saw prisoner at 6 p.m. on February 4 at Kennington Lane Police Station. I told him he would be detained pending inquiries. I searched him and found a box con
<lb/>taining five matches.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-178" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-178" type="surname" value="HYNE"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-178" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY HYNE</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath). I know nothing about the fire and was not the only one who said there would be another fire. I am innocent of the charge.</p>
<rs id="t19130304-28-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-28-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-28-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>Guilty of attempted arson, with a recommendation to mercy.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19130304-28-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-28-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-28-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28-19130304 t19130304-28-punishment-26"/>Six months' imprisonment, second division.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-29-19130304" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19130304" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19130304" type="surname" value="HOLLOWAY"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19130304" type="given" value="JULIA SARAH"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19130304" type="occupation" value=""/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HOLLOWAY</hi>, Julia Sarah (42)</persName>,
<rs id="t19130304-29-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-29-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-29-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
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<interp inst="t19130304-29-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-29-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="illegalAbortion"/>of feloniously using a certain instrument and means unknown with intent to procure the miscarriage of
<persName id="t19130304-name-180" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-180" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-180" type="surname" value="DOUGLASS"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-180" type="given" value="ETHEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130304-29-offence-1 t19130304-name-180"/>Ethel Douglass</persName>.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19130304-29-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-29-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-29-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-29-19130304 t19130304-29-punishment-27"/>Five years' penal servitude.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-30-19130304" type="given" value="ROBERT HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19130304" type="occupation" value="solicitor"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RUSHFORTH</hi>, Robert Henry (43, solicitor)</persName>
<rs id="t19130304-30-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-30-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-30-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="perjury"/>, committing wilful and corrupt perjury (two indictments); </rs>
<rs id="t19130304-30-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-30-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-30-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>forging and uttering, knowing the same to be forged, two several receipts for £40 each, with intent to defraud (two indictments);</rs>
<rs id="t19130304-30-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-30-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-30-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>forging and uttering, knowing the same to be forged, two several receipts for £20 each, with intent to defraud (two indictments).</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19130304-30-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-30-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-30-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>pleaded guilty to the first two indictments; the others were not proceeded with.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191303040037"/>
<p>Mr. Muir and Mr. Travers Humphreys prosecuted; Mr. Wild, K.C., and Mr. Bodkin appeared for prisoner.</p>
<rs id="t19130304-30-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-30-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-30-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-19130304 t19130304-30-punishment-28"/>Twelve months' imprisonment on each indictment, to run concurrently.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130304-31">
<interp inst="t19130304-31" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130304"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-31" type="date" value="19130304"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-31-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-31-19130304 t19130304-31-offence-1 t19130304-31-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-31-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-31-19130304 t19130304-31-offence-2 t19130304-31-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-31-19130304" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-31-19130304" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19130304" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19130304" type="surname" value="HERON"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19130304" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19130304" type="occupation" value="boarding-house keeper"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HERON</hi>, George (42, boarding-house keeper)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-31-19130304" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-31-19130304" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-31-19130304" type="age" value="41"/>
<interp inst="def2-31-19130304" type="surname" value="HERON"/>
<interp inst="def2-31-19130304" type="given" value="EMILY"/>
<interp inst="def2-31-19130304" type="occupation" value=""/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HERON</hi>, Emily (41),</persName>
<rs id="t19130304-31-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-31-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-31-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="illegalAbortion"/>G. Heron feloniously using a certain instrument upon
<persName id="t19130304-name-184" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-184" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-184" type="surname" value="NEWMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-184" type="given" value="FLORENCE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130304-31-offence-1 t19130304-name-184"/>Florence Newman</persName>, with intent to procure her miscarriage,</rs>
<rs id="t19130304-31-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-31-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-31-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="illegalAbortion"/>and E. Heron felo
<lb/>niously procuring the said G. Heron to do and commit the said felony; </rs>George Heron unlawfully supplying to Florence Newman and procur
<lb/>ing an instrument, knowing the same was intended to be used with intent to procure her miscarriage.</p>
<p>Mr. Bodkin and Mr. Whiteley prosecuted; Mr. Clarke-Hall defended George Heron; Mr. Moseley defended Emily Heron.</p>
<p>Prisoners were tried on the first indictment.</p>
<rs id="t19130304-31-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-31-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-31-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>. The second indictment, against George Heron, was not proceeded with.</p>
<p>Sentences (each):
<rs id="t19130304-31-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-31-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-31-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-31-19130304 t19130304-31-punishment-29"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-31-19130304 t19130304-31-punishment-29"/>Nine months' imprisonment, second division.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE RECORDER</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, March 6.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130304-32">
<interp inst="t19130304-32" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130304"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-32" type="date" value="19130304"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-32-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-32-19130304 t19130304-32-offence-1 t19130304-32-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-32-19130304" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-32-19130304" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19130304" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19130304" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19130304" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19130304" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BROWN</hi>, Charles (17, labourer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19130304-32-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-32-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-32-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19130304-32-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-32-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-32-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>of robbing with violence
<persName id="t19130304-name-186" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-186" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-186" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-186" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130304-32-offence-1 t19130304-name-186"/>Annie Johnson</persName> and stealing from her person £5 3s. 6d. in money, the moneys of
<persName id="t19130304-name-187" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-187" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130304-32-offence-1 t19130304-name-187"/>His Majesty's Postmaster-General</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner confessed to having been convicted, at Guildhall Justice Room, in the name of Charles Graham, on December 23, 1912, receiv
<lb/>ing two months' hard labour, for stealing opera glasses.</p>
<rs id="t19130304-32-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-32-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-32-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-32-19130304 t19130304-32-punishment-30"/> Twenty months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130304-33">
<interp inst="t19130304-33" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130304"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-33" type="date" value="19130304"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-33-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-19130304 t19130304-33-offence-1 t19130304-33-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-33-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-19130304 t19130304-33-offence-2 t19130304-33-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-33-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-19130304 t19130304-33-offence-3 t19130304-33-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-33-19130304" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-33-19130304" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19130304" type="age" value="48"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19130304" type="surname" value="MUH"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19130304" type="given" value="ADA"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19130304" type="occupation" value=""/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MUH</hi>, Ada (48)</persName>
<rs id="t19130304-33-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-33-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-33-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, stealing one piece of silk and one piece of cotton, the goods of
<persName id="t19130304-name-189" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-189" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130304-33-offence-1 t19130304-name-189"/>D. H. Evans and Co., Limited</persName>;</rs>
<rs id="t19130304-33-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-33-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-33-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>stealing one pair of gloves and other articles, the goods of
<persName id="t19130304-name-190" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-190" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-190" type="surname" value="AMOS"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-190" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130304-33-offence-2 t19130304-name-190"/>Samuel Amos</persName>,</rs>
<rs id="t19130304-33-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-33-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-33-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/>and feloniously receiving the same.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. H. C. Davenport prosecuted; Mr. George Elliott, K.C., and Mr. Forrest Fulton defended.</p>
<p>Prisoner was first tried on the charge with regard to Evans and Co.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-191" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-191" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-191" type="surname" value="FORBES"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-191" type="given" value="JOHN HUGH"/>JOHN HUGH FORBES</persName> </hi>, assistant to D. H. Evans and Co., Oxford Street. On January 28 at about midday I saw prisoner standing by the remnant table; she took a piece of silk (produced), which she secreted in her muff. She then left my department. I spoke to the superintendent, and followed her into the cotton department. I spoke to Bartlett, the buyer. I saw prisoner take up a remnant (produced) and put it in her coat pocket. I tried to sell her something, un
<lb/>successfully; she left.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191303040038"/>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner looked at several pieces of material. The prices of the pieces were marked in plain figures. She left by the door leading to the street on the ground floor.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-192" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-192" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-192" type="surname" value="BARTLETT"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-192" type="given" value="RONALD"/>RONALD BARTLETT</persName> </hi>, buyer to D. H. Evans and Co. On January 28 at 12.30 p.m. the last witness spoke to me; I followed prisoner out by the door into New Cavendish Street. She walked in the direction of Oxford Circus. I said, "I think you have goods in your possession which are the property of D. H. Evans and Co. and for which you have not paid." She took out piece of white stuff (produced) and said, "Is this what you mean?" I said, "Yes, that is one of the pieces." She said, "I will pay for it, I wish to pay for the goods." I then requested her to accompany me to the manager's office. She did so, and I left the matter to Mr. Walker.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-193" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-193" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-193" type="surname" value="WALKER"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-193" type="given" value="HARRY JOHN"/>HARRY JOHN WALKER</persName> </hi>, superintendent, D. H. Evans and Co. On January 28 prisoner was brought to my office and given into the cus
<lb/>tody of a policeman, who had been sent for. After she had left I found piece of blue silk (produced) under the desk; its value is 10s. 11d., and it bears the firm's ticket. Piece of white material was handed to me by Bartlett; its price is 2s. 11d.</p>
<persName id="t19130304-name-194" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-194" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-194" type="surname" value="FROST"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-194" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ARTHUR FROST</hi> </persName>, D Division. On January 28 at 12.30 p.m. prisoner was taken to Marylebone Police Station and charged with stealing a piece of silk and a piece of cotton material. I showed her the two pieces (produced), formally charged her, and she said "the silk is not mine."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-195" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-195" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-195" type="surname" value="BONALLACK"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-195" type="given" value="ADA FRANCES"/>ADA FRANCES BONALLACK</persName> </hi>, wife of Francis Bonnallack, "Aberdeen," Greycliffe Road, Wanstead. I have known prisoner for ten years and for the past five years have seen her constantly. On January 28 she told me she was going to town; I asked to go to the London Glove Company and buy a pair of long white kid gloves, value 2s. 10d.; I gave her half a sovereign. She is a person of absolutely exemplary character.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-196" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-196" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-196" type="surname" value="HARDY"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-196" type="given" value="RICHARD JOHN"/>RICHARD JOHN HARDY</persName> </hi>, director of Bryant and May, Limited, Wood
<lb/>ford Road,
<hi rend="smallCaps">LEONARD HARRIS</hi>, Woodford Green, senior partner in L. and A. Harris, Leadenhall Street,
<hi rend="smallCaps">HERBERT ROTHE BARRIE</hi>, 318, Rom
<lb/>ford Road, and 7, Leadenhall Street, solicitor, stated that they had known prisoner for 30 years as of absolutely respectable character.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-197" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-197" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-197" type="surname" value="MUH"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-197" type="given" value="ADA"/>ADA MUH</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I am single and live with my widowed mother and sister at 12, Strouston Road, Forest Gate. On January 28 Mrs. Bonallack asked me to buy a pair of gloves for 2s. 10d. at the London Glove Company, giving me half-a-sovereign, in addition to which I had 17s. of my own. I went by omnibus to the London Glove Company, Cheapside, bought the gloves for her, also pair of black stockings, 2s. 6d., three fancy handkerchiefs for 3s. 6d., and a pair of gloves, 1s., which I wished to give to a little girl, I paid for those articles. I then took an omnibus to D. H. Evans and Co., Oxford Street. I was not familiar with the establishment,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191303040039"/>
<p>but had been there once before. I asked an assistant where I could get a piece of blue material, and was directed to the counter where an assistant showed me some pieces of silk, which were not suitable. I then went to another table, where I found the piece produced which I thought suitable and put it in my muff. I went into the next department and selected a white remnant, which I also required. There was no assistant there. I wanted a piece of bead trimming, and asked a shop walker where I could get it. He directed me to "the other side." I went out by a door, which I thought led to the other department, when Bartlett stopped me as stated. I at once said "I wish to pay for the articles." I had no intention to leave the premises without paying. I have dealt for the last 14 years with Messrs. Borden at Stratford, where I have been in the habit of selecting articles, taking them to the counter, and paying for them in the same way.</p>
<rs id="t19130304-33-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-33-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-33-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>The second indictment with regard to S. Amos was then tried.</p>
<persName id="t19130304-name-198" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-198" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-198" type="surname" value="FROST"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-198" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ARTHUR FROST</hi> </persName>, E Division. On January 28, when prisoner was brought to Marylebone Lane Police Station on the previous charge, there was found in her handbag three handkerchiefs wrapped in a piece of green paper, a pair of stockings, and a pair of gloves in grey paper, and a pair of lady's gloves in a shop envelope. The articles all bore the London Glove Company's ticket. I asked her where she got them. She said, "I bought them at the London Glove Company, 45a, Cheapside." She was afterwards charged with stealing them, and said, "I never stole them. I paid for them." (To the Jury) I found 13s. on prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-199" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-199" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-199" type="surname" value="AYTON"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-199" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>HERBERT AYTON</persName> </hi>, assistant to Samuel Amos, carrying on business as the London Glove Company, 45a, Cheapside. Pair of gloves pro
<lb/>duced were sold by me on January 28. 2s. 10d. was paid for them and I handed bill produced to the customer. Three handkerchiefs, pair of stockings, and pair of child's gloves (produced) bear our tickets, and are the property of our firm. Such articles were displayed in boxes on the counter. I did not sell them. The green paper in which they were found is not used by us.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I do not identify prisoner. It is quite possible the other articles may have been bought from another assistant—we have 40 assistants. On January 28 we had a sale on and were very busy.</p>
<p>(Friday, March 7.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-200" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-200" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-200" type="surname" value="SIEVEWRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-200" type="given" value="GEORGE JAMES"/>GEORGE JAMES SIEVEWRIGHT</persName> </hi>, assistant to London Glove Company. When articles are sold the assistant takes the money to the desk and gets a receipt, which he hands to the customer with the duplicate bill. I have searched the books and records, and find no indication of the three handkerchiefs, pair of stockings, and pair of child's gloves pro
<lb/>duced having been sold. Green paper produced is not used by my firm.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. A customer may have bought one article from one assistant, and other articles from another.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191303040040"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-201" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-201" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-201" type="surname" value="MUH"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-201" type="given" value="ADA"/>ADA MUH</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath) repeated her former evidence and stated that all the articles taken from the London Glove Company were paid for. She had thrown away the receipts and the paper in which they were wrapped, putting them in paper which she had brought with her in her bag.</p>
<rs id="t19130304-33-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-33-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-33-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, March 6.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130304-34">
<interp inst="t19130304-34" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130304"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-34" type="date" value="19130304"/>
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<persName id="def1-34-19130304" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-34-19130304" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19130304" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19130304" type="surname" value="VALENTINE"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19130304" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19130304" type="occupation" value="baker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">VALENTINE</hi>, James, otherwise
<rs id="t19130304-alias-3" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-34-19130304 t19130304-alias-3"/> Williams </rs>(42, baker)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-34-19130304" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-34-19130304" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-34-19130304" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def2-34-19130304" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def2-34-19130304" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def2-34-19130304" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BROWN</hi>, George (29, labourer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19130304-34-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-34-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-34-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19130304-34-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-34-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-34-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>of both unlawfully possessing counterfeit coin with intent to utter the same, and unlaw
<lb/>fully uttering counterfeit coin;</rs>
<rs id="t19130304-34-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-34-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-34-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>Valentine feloniously possessing coun
<lb/>terfeit coin with intent to utter the same.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. R. Wilkinson prosecuted.</p>
<p>Valentine confessed to having been convicted at this Court, on June 25, 1894, in the name of William Boleyn, of felony. Convictions were proved against both prisoners.</p>
<p>Sentences: Valentine,
<rs id="t19130304-34-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-34-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-34-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-34-19130304 t19130304-34-punishment-31"/>Three years' penal servitude in respect of each offence, to run concurrently</rs>; Brown,
<rs id="t19130304-34-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-34-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-34-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-34-19130304 t19130304-34-punishment-32"/>Fifteen months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130304-35">
<interp inst="t19130304-35" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130304"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-35" type="date" value="19130304"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-35-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-35-19130304 t19130304-35-offence-1 t19130304-35-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-35-19130304" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-35-19130304" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19130304" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19130304" type="surname" value="GROUNDS"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19130304" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19130304" type="occupation" value="bookbinder"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GROUNDS</hi>, Herbert (22, bookbinder)</persName>,
<rs id="t19130304-35-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-35-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-35-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19130304-35-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-35-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-35-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>of stealing one bracelet, the goods of
<persName id="t19130304-name-205" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-205" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-205" type="surname" value="BROOKS"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-205" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130304-35-offence-1 t19130304-name-205"/>George Brooks</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Stewart prosecuted.</p>
<p>Prisoner confessed to having been convicted, at Knutsford Quarter Sessions, on June 29, 1910, of felony; other convictions were proved.</p>
<rs id="t19130304-35-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-35-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-35-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-35-19130304 t19130304-35-punishment-33"/>Twenty months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130304-36">
<interp inst="t19130304-36" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130304"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-36" type="date" value="19130304"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-36-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-36-19130304 t19130304-36-offence-1 t19130304-36-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-36-19130304" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-36-19130304" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19130304" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19130304" type="surname" value="CHAPMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19130304" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19130304" type="occupation" value="carman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHAPMAN</hi>, George (32, carman)</persName>,
<rs id="t19130304-36-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-36-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-36-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19130304-36-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-36-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-36-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="extortion"/>of feloniously sending, knowing the contents thereof, to
<persName id="t19130304-name-207" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-207" type="surname" value="ROWE"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-207" type="given" value="ARTHUR DUNVILLE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130304-36-offence-1 t19130304-name-207"/>Arthur Dunville Roe</persName>, a certain letter demanding of him money with menaces, and uttering said letter.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Walsh prosecuted.</p>
<p>Prisoner confessed to having been convicted, at Middlesex Sessions, on May 7, 1910, of felony, and other convictions were proved.</p>
<rs id="t19130304-36-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-36-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-36-punishment-34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-36-19130304 t19130304-36-punishment-34"/>Prisoner was released on his own recognisances in £10 to come up for judgment if called upon.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130304-37">
<interp inst="t19130304-37" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130304"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-37" type="date" value="19130304"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-37-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-37-19130304 t19130304-37-offence-1 t19130304-37-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-37-19130304" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-37-19130304" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19130304" type="age" value="41"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19130304" type="surname" value="GILL"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19130304" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19130304" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GILL</hi>, Henry (41, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19130304-37-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-37-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-37-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, unlawfully possessing counterfeit coin with intent to utter the same, and unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Beaumont Morice prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-209" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-209" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-209" type="surname" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-209" type="given" value="JANE"/>JANE THOMAS</persName> </hi>, Henry Street, St. John's Road, N.W. On February 17, about 8.30 p.m., prisoner came into my husband's shop for a loaf of bread. He tendered a gilded sixpence in payment. I thought it</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191303040041"/>
<p>was a sixpence. I gave him 3d. change and put it in the till. I after
<lb/>wards noticed that it was not a proper sixpence and gave information. I identified prisoner at the police station the same evening amongst ten or twelve men.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-210" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-210" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-210" type="surname" value="COLLAR"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-210" type="given" value="MIRIAM"/>MIRIAM COLLAR</persName> </hi>. I am assistant at a baker's shop in Henry Street, about half a mile from Mr. Thomas's shop. On February 17, after 8 p.m., prisoner asked for a loaf and tendered a silvered farthing in payment. I gave it back to him and told him it was no use. He left the shop. I identified him the same evening at the police station.</p>
<persName id="t19130304-name-211" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-211" type="surname" value="STEGALLS"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-211" type="given" value=""/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">STEGALLS</hi> </persName>, N. Division. I was in Henry Street about 8.30 p.m. on February 17. I saw prisoner leave Thomas's shop very hurriedly. Mrs. Thomas and Mrs. Calcott came to the door. From what Mrs. Thomas told me I followed in the direction prisoner had gone and met him in High Street about a quarter of a mile off. I told him I was a police officer, and should take him into custody for utter
<lb/>ing a counterfeit sixpence. He said, "I thought I should get had to
<lb/>night coming all this way. A man gave it to me at Rowton House, King's Cross." I took him to Portland Town Police Station. On searching him I found five silvered farthings wrapped in this piece of brown tissue paper. Prisoner said, "They were given to me. I thought they were pawn-tickets." I returned to No. 1, Henry Street, where Mrs. Thomas handed me Exhibit 1, which I initialed in her presence. When charged prisoner made no reply.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-212" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-212" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-212" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-212" type="given" value="SIDNEY WILLIAM"/>SIDNEY WILLIAM SMITH</persName> </hi>, assistant assayer, H.M. Mint. Exhibit 1 is a genuine farthing which has been silvered over.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-213" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-213" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-213" type="surname" value="GILL"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-213" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY GILL</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath). I am very sorry I have thus committed myself. It is my first offence and I hope it will never occur again.
<rs id="t19130304-37-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-37-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-37-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>[Guilty.]</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19130304-37-punishment-35" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-37-punishment-35" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-37-punishment-35" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-37-19130304 t19130304-37-punishment-35"/>One month's hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130304-38">
<interp inst="t19130304-38" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130304"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-38" type="date" value="19130304"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-38-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-38-19130304 t19130304-38-offence-1 t19130304-38-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-38-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-38-19130304 t19130304-38-offence-1 t19130304-38-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-38-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-38-19130304 t19130304-38-offence-2 t19130304-38-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-38-19130304" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-38-19130304" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19130304" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19130304" type="surname" value="KNELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19130304" type="given" value="PERCY ALEXANDER VICTOR"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19130304" type="occupation" value="painter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">KNELL</hi>, Percy Alexander Victor (31, painter)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-38-19130304" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-38-19130304" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-38-19130304" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def2-38-19130304" type="surname" value="COOK"/>
<interp inst="def2-38-19130304" type="given" value="EDITH"/>
<interp inst="def2-38-19130304" type="occupation" value="8"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COOK</hi>, Emily Edith, otherwise
<rs id="t19130304-alias-4" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-38-19130304 t19130304-alias-4"/> known as Emily Edith Knell </rs>(28)</persName>
<rs id="t19130304-38-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-38-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-38-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/>; both breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t19130304-name-216" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-216" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-216" type="surname" value="ROOTS"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-216" type="given" value="ALBERT JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130304-38-offence-1 t19130304-name-216"/>Albert John Roots</persName> and stealing therein one chain and other articles and £12 10s. in money, his goods and moneys, and feloniously receiving the same;</rs>
<rs id="t19130304-38-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-38-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-38-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>Knell feloniously marry
<persName id="t19130304-name-217" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-217" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-217" type="surname" value="COOK"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-217" type="given" value="EMILY EDITH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130304-38-offence-2 t19130304-name-217"/>Emily Edith Cook</persName>, his former wife being then alive;</rs> both stealing six spoons and other articles, the goods of
<persName id="t19130304-name-218" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-218" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-218" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-218" type="given" value="JOHN WILLIAM"/>John William Clark</persName>, and one medal and a portion of a solitaire, the goods of
<persName id="t19130304-name-219" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-219" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-219" type="surname" value="PEMBERTON"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-219" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>William Pember
<lb/>ton</persName>, and feloniously receiving the same; both stealing two watches and other articles, the goods of
<persName id="t19130304-name-220" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-220" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-220" type="surname" value="JESSOP"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-220" type="given" value="CHARLES FERDINAND"/>Charles Ferdinand Jessop</persName>, and feloniously receiving the same.</p>
<p>Mr. Sydney Davey prosecuted; Mr. Purcell defended Cook.</p>
<rs id="t19130304-38-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-38-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-38-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty to the first two indictments,</rs> and the remaining indictments were not proceeded with.
<rs id="t19130304-38-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-38-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-38-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>The prosecution offered no evi
<lb/>dence against Cook, and a verdict of Not guilty was returned.</rs> </p>
<p>Knell confessed to having been convicted at London Sessions on July 28, 1908, in the name of George Edward Bell, of felony, and other convictions were proved.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191303040042"/>
<p>Sentence (Knell),
<rs id="t19130304-38-punishment-36" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-38-punishment-36" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-38-punishment-36" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-38-19130304 t19130304-38-punishment-36"/>Four years' penal servitude in respect of offence of housebreaking</rs>;
<rs id="t19130304-38-punishment-37" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-38-punishment-37" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-38-punishment-37" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-38-19130304 t19130304-38-punishment-37"/>one week's hard labour in respect of bigamy, to run concurrently.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19130304-39">
<interp inst="t19130304-39" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19130304"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-39" type="date" value="19130304"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-39-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-39-19130304 t19130304-39-offence-1 t19130304-39-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19130304-39-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-39-19130304 t19130304-39-offence-1 t19130304-39-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-39-19130304" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-39-19130304" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19130304" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19130304" type="surname" value="DUTTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19130304" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19130304" type="occupation" value="dealer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DUTTON</hi>, George (40, dealer)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-39-19130304" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-39-19130304" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-39-19130304" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def2-39-19130304" type="surname" value="PURCELL"/>
<interp inst="def2-39-19130304" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="def2-39-19130304" type="occupation" value="hawker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PURCELL</hi>, Richard (34, haw
<rs id="t19130304-39-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19130304-39-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-39-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>: both feloniously assaulting
<persName id="t19130304-name-223" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-223" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-223" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-223" type="given" value="JOSEPH JABEZ"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19130304-39-offence-1 t19130304-name-223"/>Joseph Jabez Moore</persName> with intent to rob him of his goods and moneys;</rs> common assault upon the said
<persName id="t19130304-name-224" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-224" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-224" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-224" type="given" value="JOSEPH JABEZ"/>Joseph Jabez Moore</persName>.</p>
<p>Mr. W. J. Spratling prosecuted; Mr. Tully-Christie defended Dutton.</p>
<p>Prisoners were tried on the first indictment.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19130304-name-225" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-225" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-225" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-225" type="given" value="JOSEPH JABEZ"/>JOSEPH JABEZ MOORE</persName> </hi>, master bricklayer, 20, Rosslyn Road, Totten
<lb/>ham. On February 18 I had been to Farringdon Road to buy some linen. On my way to the tram car to go home I entered a urinal at St. John's Square. As soon as I got inside Dutton caught me by the throat and Purcell tried to search me to see what I had got. He did not have time to take anything because the plain clothes policeman came into the urinal at the other end and caught him round the throat after I holloaed. I had had five glasses of ale.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Tully-Christie. I first saw prisoners at 7.30 p.m. at the bottom of Farringdon Road. I am a stranger in that part. I saw them before I went into the urinal. They got hold of me and pulled me away from the tram I was going to get on. Previous to that I asked Dutton where the urinal was. It was after I tried to get on the tram I asked where the urinal was. I walked about five minutes after I left the tram. Prisoners walked behind me. I went into the urinal first. I did not want holding up. Dutton had hold of me inside. It is not a fact that another officer was called to take me to the station because I was so drunk. I walked to the station. Two officers took the two prisoners and another followed behind. He did not lead me to the station.</p>
<persName id="t19130304-name-226" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-226" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-226" type="surname" value="SLADE"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-226" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES SLADE</hi> </persName>, 18 GR. On February 18 at 7.30 p.m. I saw prisoners. They looked very hard at me as I went by them. I let them go a few yards, then turned back. I saw Purcell backing into a doorway. I saw prosecutor enter the public urinal in St. John's Square. Dutton entered on the left and Purcell on the right im
<lb/>mediately after him. I thought there was something wrong. I told Police-constable Strachan what I had seen. He entered the urinal on the right and I on the left. Prosecutor was shouting for help. When we got inside the urinal Dutton had prosecutor by the throat with his right hand and with his left he held prosecutor's arm. Directly they saw me Dutton said "Shut your mouth." I conveyed Dutton to the police station. The other officer conveyed Purcell. At the station they sat down. Dutton jumped up and striking Purcell said "You f----g bastard, you have got me into this." When charged they made no reply. Prosecutor was sober.</p>
<p>To Mr. Tully-Christie. I first saw prosecutor in Clerkenwell Road about 80 or 90 yards from the urinal. He was alone. Prisoners were eight or nine yards away from him. When prosecutor entered the urinal they were five or six yards behind him. I hurried when they went</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191303040043"/>
<p>in. I was then 20 yards away. I arrested Dutton. He was quite sober.</p>
<persName id="t19130304-name-227" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19130304-name-227" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-227" type="surname" value="STRACHAN"/>
<interp inst="t19130304-name-227" type="given" value="DUNCAN"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DUNCAN STRACHAN</hi> </persName>, 87 G., corroborated.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">