<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<p>APRIL, 1912.</p>
<p>Vol. CLVII.] [Part 931</p>
<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>Shorthand Writers to the Court.</p>
<p>EDITED BY</p>
<p>[Published by Annual Subscription.]</p>
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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230003"/>
<p>On the King's Commission of</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>Held on Tuesday, April 23rd, 1912, and following days.</p>
<p>Before the Right Hon. Sir
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS BOOR CROSBY, M, D., LORD MAYOR</hi> of the said City of London; the Right Hon.
<hi rend="smallCaps">LORD COLERIDGE</hi> and the Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-1" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-1" type="surname" value="LUSH"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-1" type="given" value="CHARLES MONTAGUE"/>CHARLES MONTAGUE LUSH</persName> </hi>, two of the Justices of His Majesty's High Court; Sir
<persName id="t19120423-name-2" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-2" type="surname" value="KNIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-2" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HENRY E. KNIGHT</hi> </persName>, Kt.; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-3" type="surname" value="DAVIES"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-3" type="given" value="HORATIO"/>HORATIO DAVIES</persName> </hi>, K.C.M.G.; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-4" type="surname" value="POUND"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-4" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN POUND</persName> </hi>, Bart.; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-5" type="surname" value="TRUSCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-5" type="given" value="GEORGE WYATT"/>GEORGE WYATT TRUSCOTT</persName> </hi>, Bart.; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-6" type="surname" value="JOHNSTON"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-6" type="given" value="CHAS"/>CHAS. JOHNSTON</persName> </hi>, Kt.; Sir
<persName id="t19120423-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-7" type="surname" value="MARSHALL"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-7" type="given" value="HORACE"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HORACE B. MARSHALL</hi> </persName>, Kt., LL.D., Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<persName id="t19120423-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-8" type="surname" value="FULTON"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-8" type="given" value="FORREST"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FORREST FULTON</hi> </persName>, Knight, K.C, Recorder of the said City; Sir
<persName id="t19120423-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-9" type="surname" value="BOSANQUET"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-9" type="given" value="FREDERICK ALBERT"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FK. ALBERT BOSANQUET</hi> </persName>, K.C, Common Serjeant of the said City; His Honour Judge
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-10" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-10" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-10" type="given" value="LUMLEY"/>LUMLEY SMITH</persName> </hi>, K.C., Commissioner; His Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery holden for the said City, and Judges of the Centra Criminal Court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-11" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-11" type="surname" value="HANSON"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-11" type="given" value="CHARLES AUGUSTIN"/>CHARLES AUGUSTIN HANSON</persName> </hi>, Esq., Alderman,</p>
<persName id="t19120423-name-12" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-12" type="surname" value="BRIGGS"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-12" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE BRIGGS</persName>, Esq.,</p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-13" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-13" type="surname" value="LANGTON"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-13" type="given" value="JOSEPH DAVID"/>JOSEPH DAVID LANGTON</persName> </hi>, Esq.,</p>
<persName id="t19120423-name-14" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-14" type="surname" value="SAWBRIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-14" type="given" value="CHAS WALTON"/>CHAS. WALTON SAWBRIDGE</persName>, Esq.,</p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CROSBY, MAYOR. SEVENTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE RECORDER</hi>.</p>
<p>(Tuesday, April 23.)</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-1-19120423" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-1-19120423" type="surname" value="STEVENS"/>
<interp inst="def1-1-19120423" type="given" value="RICHARD JAMES"/>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">STEVENS</hi>, Richard James (35, postman)</persName>
<rs id="t19120423-1-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-1-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-1-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
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<interp inst="t19120423-1-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-1-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, of stealing a postal packet containing two postal-orders for 10s. and 4s. 6d. re
<lb/>spectively, and four penny postage stamps, the property of
<persName id="t19120423-name-16" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-16" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19120423-1-offence-1 t19120423-name-16"/>His Majesty's Postmaster-General</persName>, he being an officer of the Post Office.</rs> </p>
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<interp inst="t19120423-1-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-1-19120423 t19120423-1-punishment-1"/>Nine months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-2-19120423" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-2-19120423" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="def1-2-19120423" type="given" value="HILDEBERT"/>
<interp inst="def1-2-19120423" type="occupation" value="assistant postman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MOORE</hi>, Hildebert (19, assistant postman)</persName>
<rs id="t19120423-2-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-2-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-2-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19120423-2-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-2-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-2-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, of stealing a postal packet containing a postal-order for £1, the property of
<persName id="t19120423-name-18" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-18" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19120423-2-offence-1 t19120423-name-18"/> His Majesty's Postmaster-General</persName>, he being an officer of the Post Office.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner had been an assistant postman since last August at 14s. 6d. a week for five hours a day. He had admitted stealing 11 other postal-orders since November. He was stated to be the main support of his mother, with whom he lived.</p>
<rs id="t19120423-2-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-2-19120423 t19120423-2-punishment-2"/>Sentence postponed till next Session.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-3-19120423" type="given" value="CHARLES GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-3-19120423" type="occupation" value="auxiliary postman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOYCE</hi>, Charles George (31, auxiliary postman)</persName>
<rs id="t19120423-3-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-3-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-3-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19120423-3-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-3-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-3-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, of stealing a postal packet containing a ring, the property of
<persName id="t19120423-name-20" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-20" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19120423-3-offence-1 t19120423-name-20"/>His Majesty's Postmaster-General</persName>, he being an officer of the Post Office.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner had been employed by his uncle, a marine store dealer, but owing to the coal strike, he had been able to earn very little by this means, and had found great difficulty in supporting his mother and himself. Evidence was called on his behalf as to his respectable character. Only two cases of stealing postal packets were known against him.</p>
<rs id="t19120423-3-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-3-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-3-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-3-19120423 t19120423-3-punishment-3"/>Four months' imprisonment, second division</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-4-19120423" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19120423" type="surname" value="KINSETT"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19120423" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">KINSETT</hi>, John (37, traveller)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-4-19120423" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-4-19120423" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-4-19120423" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def2-4-19120423" type="surname" value="ETHERIDGE"/>
<interp inst="def2-4-19120423" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def2-4-19120423" type="occupation" value="carman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ETHERIDGE</hi>, Thomas (27, carman)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-4-19120423" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-4-19120423" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-4-19120423" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def3-4-19120423" type="surname" value="NEAL"/>
<interp inst="def3-4-19120423" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<interp inst="def3-4-19120423" type="occupation" value="carman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEAL</hi>, Walter (34, carman)</persName>
<rs id="t19120423-4-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-4-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-4-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, breaking and entering the warehouse of
<persName id="t19120423-name-24" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-24" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-24" type="surname" value="FIELDER"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-24" type="given" value="JOHN RICHARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19120423-4-offence-1 t19120423-name-24"/>John Richard Fielder</persName> and another, and stealing therein eight cigars, two fountain pens, and six pencils, their goods; Kinsett feloniously receiving ten blouses and one bag, the goods of
<persName id="t19120423-name-25" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-25" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-25" type="surname" value="FELIX"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-25" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19120423-4-offence-1 t19120423-name-25"/>Joseph Felix</persName>, well knowing them to have been stolen.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19120423-4-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-4-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-4-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>All prisoners pleaded guilty to the indictment relating to Fielder</rs>. Kinsett
<rs id="t19120423-4-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-4-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-4-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>pleaded not guilty to the Felix indictment</rs>.</p>
<p>Neal confessed to a previous conviction of felony at the Clerkenwell Sessions on February 20, 1910. Kinsett had never been convicted before. Particulars of his different employments were given; he had</p>
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<p>been en associate for some years of the other two prisoners. As to Etheridge, in 1906 he was convicted as a rogue and vagabond; two convictions in 1907 were proved, one for unlawful possession and one for loitering; he had been in the service of two railway companies, but had been discharged from both for keeping bad time. Neal's convic
<lb/>tion was for warehouse breaking; he was sentenced to 18 months' hard labour.</p>
<p>Sentences: Kinsett,
<rs id="t19120423-4-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-4-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-4-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-4-19120423 t19120423-4-punishment-4"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>; Etheridge,
<rs id="t19120423-4-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-4-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-4-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-4-19120423 t19120423-4-punishment-5"/>Twelve months' hard labour</rs>; Neal,
<rs id="t19120423-4-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-4-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-4-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-4-19120423 t19120423-4-punishment-6"/>Eighteen months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<persName id="def1-5-19120423" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-5-19120423" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19120423" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19120423" type="surname" value="CHANDLER"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19120423" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19120423" type="occupation" value="acrobat"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHANDLER</hi>, Frederick (38, acrobat)</persName>
<rs id="t19120423-5-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-5-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-5-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, feloniously wounding
<persName id="t19120423-name-27" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-27" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-27" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-27" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-27" type="occupation" value="jeweller"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19120423-5-offence-1 t19120423-name-27"/>Frederick Harris</persName> with intent to do him grievous bodily harm; feloniously throwing corrosive fluid at and upon
<persName id="t19120423-name-28" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-28" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-28" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-28" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-28" type="occupation" value="jeweller"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19120423-5-offence-1 t19120423-name-28"/>Frederick Harris</persName> with intent to disable him and to do him grievous bodily harm and applying to him a certain destructive substance, with intent to disable him; stealing one coat, the goods of
<persName id="t19120423-name-29" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-29" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-29" type="surname" value="SOHAACK"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-29" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19120423-5-offence-1 t19120423-name-29"/>Margaret Sohaack</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Hardy prosecuted.</p>
<p>The first indictment was proceeded with.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-30" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-30" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-30" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-30" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK HARRIS</persName> </hi>, jeweller. On March 6 I received this letter, dated March 5 and signed "Fred Chandler," stating "Dear Harris.—I have just returned to town and want a stone, about 2 carats, white. If you can manage to call at my place at lunch time, about 12.30, I should be obliged. "I went to 9, Duchess Street, the address on the letter, and asked for Mr. Chandler; I had not known him before. I was shown upstairs and saw his wife. After about five minutes prisoner came in. He said, "You are not the man I meant, but anyhow, let me have a look at what you have got." I showed him some jewellery, and he selected about a dozen articles worth £199. There were two brooches; one had some stones missing, which he wanted replaced, and one he wanted made into another article of jewellery. He asked me to return at 3 p.m. and he would have the money, which had come from Sydney, ready. I returned at that time, and he said he had been to his bank and he expected a messenger from there with the money. I waited till five, and I said I would not wait any longer, and offered to go to the bank with him. I went with him to Oxford Street, where it was supposed to be; I think he said it was the London and Westminster. When he got to Oxford Street he said, "It is rather late now. If you will call at my flat to-morrow morning at 11 o'clock I will have the money waiting for you." On the next day, April 7, I called there at that time and saw his wife. Prisoner arrived about two or three minutes afterwards. I asked him if he had got the money from his bank, and he said, "Yes; everything was all right." He went into the bedroom. I was looking out of the dining-room window when I received a terrible smash on the head from the back. I tried to smash the window. He squirted ammonia in my face. He said to his wife, who was sitting down, "Run!"She ran out and he followed her. I collected my goods and gave chase. I had to give up, and got into a taxi and told the driver to drive to the nearest doctor. On arriving there the doctor said I was reeking with ammonia. I told him I had been assaulted, and he went for a police
<lb/>man. A constable came when I was bathing my head, and I went with</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230007"/>
<p>him to Duchess Street, where I saw prisoner. He said to me, "Harris, you won't charge me, will you, after all these years I have known you?" I said, "I have never seen you in my life until yesterday for the first time." He said, "I am sorry. It was a sudden impulse.' He said nothing about my having assaulted his wife; she first time I heard the suggestion was at the station.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by prisoner. I am the son of Mr. Harris, jeweller, of Houndsditch. I did not see you in. Hatton Garden five months ago and offer you a pearl pin. I may have bought a pearl pin at that time. I bought one from Mr. Leicester. I did not meet you at the corner of Wardour Street four months ago and show you a diamond ring which I valued at £38 10s.; I did not have a ring weighing 3 1/2 carats at that time; I had one weighing 1 1/4 carats at £36 a carat. I have been to a Mr. Marks to buy a ring, but I did not go with you; I offered to buy a ring that was marked £60, and weighing about 2 1/2 carats. I tried to sell a Mr. Green a pearl pin; I offered one for £9 10s., and said I would give £9 Hack for it, but we did not do any business. I never met you the day before you wrote to me. You did not throw the ginger-beer bottle at me; you hit me with it. I was not sitting down at the time. Neither of you attempted to touch my bag containing the jewellery. I did not pick up the indiarubber bottle and throw it at you as you were going down the stairs. When I looked through the jewellery at the station everything was all right. I do not remember your saying to me afterwards, "You had better consider before you charge me." I told the doctor at the station that I felt all right and that I was only a bit shaken. I did not say at the police court that I was not sure if you had hit me. It was three days before I was able to go back to work. I did not tell your land-lord that you were a friend of mine.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-31" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-31" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-31" type="surname" value="ROSE"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-31" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS ROSE</persName> </hi>, divisional surgeon. At 12.15 p.m. on March 7 I ex
<lb/>amined the prosecutor. He was suffering from a contused wound on the right side of the head; it was H shaped. He also had a scratch on the right side of the nose, which might have been caused by the naii. His tongue and the inside of his lower lip were acutely inflamed, caused by some corrosive fluid. This ginger-beer bottle (produced) might have caused the wound on the head. The green bottle contains strong fluid of ammonia, and this syringe (Exhibit 3) smells very strongly of ammonia. I could smell it on the prosecutor.</p>
<p>To prisoner. I do not remember his saying, "I feel all right, but a bit upset." He has not been permanently injured. (To the Jury.) By experimenting I find the syringe can squirt as much as 18 ft.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN WELSBY</hi>, 439 D. On March 7 I saw prisoner running across Woburn Place: I gave chase and caught him. There was blood on his face and collar and he had no hat on. I asked him what he was running for, and he said, "I have had a row with a friend of mine, and I hit him with a bottle. I do not think I hurt him. I hope I have not hurt him as much as I think I have. "I asked him where it occurred, and he said, "At 9, Duchess Street." I accom
<lb/>panied him there. I asked the boy who came to the door where the man was that had been hit. and he said he had gone to the doctor. I sent another police constable to find where he had prone to, and I went</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230008"/>
<p>with prisoner to the first floor front room. Underneath a chair, be
<lb/>hind the door, I found this ginger-beer bottle; there is a piece knocked off it. I said to him, "What's this?" and he said, "That's what I hit him with." I walked to the door, and noticed on the bend of the staircase this syringe. The boy brought it up at my request. I smelt it, and it was so strong that I turned my head away. Prisoner snatched it out of my hand and said, "That is liquid I use." He squirted the contents on the carpet; they smelt like ammonia. I took that from him. He said, "What would you do, constable, if he assaulted your wife?" I made no reply. Prosecutor then arrived, and said he would charge him. On the way to the station prisoner said, "I have lost a pocket-book with £200 in it." I told him to tell that to the inspector. A little way on he said, "Can I charge him with assaulting my wife as well?" I made no reply. At the station when charged he made no reply. He did not charge prosecutor with assault
<lb/>ing his wife, and so far as I am concerned he never gave any further in
<lb/>formation about the £200 that he said had been lost.</p>
<p>To prisoner. I do not remember you looking round when you were running and then stopping and walking towards me; you ran round a water-van to avoid me. I do not remember your saying when the syringe was found, "That is what Harris threw at me." I took down everything you said. When you squirted the ammonia out you never said anything about using it for clothes. The statements you made in the house I wrote down at the time; those you made on the way to the station I wrote down at the station before you were charged.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-32" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-32" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-32" type="surname" value="PEWY"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-32" type="given" value="JACOB WILLIAM"/>JACOB WILLIAM PEWY</persName> </hi>. I live at 9, Duchess Street, where I let lodgings. On March 4 prisoner came with his wife and took a sitting and bedroom at £2 5s. a week. He paid 10s. deposit. He brought no luggage; they said that would follow. Nothing came when they were there. On March 6 I saw prosecutor leaving the premises. I followed him.</p>
<p>To prisoner. I know nothing about the advertisement offering £40 reward for 5-mill notes lost near Duchess Street. I asked prose
<lb/>cutor if he was doing any business with you, and he said, "No; he is a friend of mine."</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BEX</hi>. About 12 noon on March 7 I saw prisoner at the Tottenham Court Road Police Station. I asked him if he wished to give me any information about the loss of his money to enable me to try and trace it for him. He said, "I will give all the information to my solicitor." He had a solicitor representing him at the police court. I went to 9, Duchess Street, where, in his bedroom, I found this green bottle, containing a small quantity of ammonia, and this funnel, which is made to fit the syringe.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-33" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-33" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-33" type="given" value="LIONEL"/>LIONEL GREEN</persName> </hi> jeweller, 36, Wardour Street. (To prisoner.) On December 29 you bought a wedding-ring from me. A week before I believe Mr. Harris called at my shop to look at single-stone ring. I believe he showed me a ring he had and some pearls. He offered a</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230009"/>
<p>customer in my shop a pearl weighing six grains for £9 10s., and offered to give £9 for it. I did no business with him. I believe you. were in the shop at the same time; you looked at the ring I was showing to Mr. Harris at the same time. I think he showed you a large stone as well. (To the Court.) I can only say that at that time Harris and prisoner were together; I cannot say if they came in to
<p>Cross-examined. I have been sentenced to 12 months' for receiving stolen property.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-34" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-34" type="surname" value="SASSIENIE"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-34" type="given" value="LEON"/>LEON SASSIENIE</persName> </hi>, working jeweller, 16, Hatton Garden. (To pri
<lb/>soner.) I have known you about 12 months. I have done several jobs for you; I have done two or three things to your design. I have seen you several times in Hatton Garden.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, April 24.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-35" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-35" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-35" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-35" type="given" value="NELLIE"/>NELLIE ROBERTS</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of the prisoner, whose name is Roberts. On the day of the assault prisoner opened a bottle of ginger-beer for me. He went out at about 11 a.m. Prosecutor called, and was showing me some jewellery when prisoner returned. As the door opened I was handing prosecutor back a hairpin when the prisoner attacked him. I did not see the assault, but became frightened and ran out of the room. On the previous Tuesday I bought prisoner threepennyworth of ammonia to clean some clothes; he said he had broken the bottle, and he put the ammonia in an indiarubber bottle, filling it with water. Prisoner is jealous and irritable.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I was married to prisoner about four months ago. We then lived for a month in Tollington Square under the name of Ford; this was at my request. We then went to 9, Duchy Street in the name of Chandler. Prisoner told me he had lost a pocket-book containing £200, and that a £50 note had been taken from his coat. I do not know anything about it, or whether he has recovered it, or given information to the police. When prisoner struck prosecutor my head was turned; I heard prosecutor scream; I saw nothing at all. I simply rushed out of the room, out of the house, and into an empty house somewhere. I have stated all I remember.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-36" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-36" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-36" type="surname" value="CHANDLER"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-36" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK CHANDLER</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath), stated that, believ
<lb/>ing prosecutor was behaving improperly to his wife, he lost his temper, seized the ginger-beer bottle, and struck him on the head on the spur of the moment; that he made no attempt to throw ammonia, and that the smell was caused by its having been spilt in the room.</p>
<rs id="t19120423-5-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-5-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-5-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty of wounding with intent to do grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner confessed to having been sentenced at this court on Sep
<lb/>tember 7, 1909, to 15 months' hard labour for obtaining money by false pretences. Other convictions proved: South London Sessions, October 10, 1900, nine months for housebreaking; June 14, 1905, 15 months' for conspiracy to defraud.</p>
<rs id="t19120423-5-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-5-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-5-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-5-19120423 t19120423-5-punishment-7"/>Five years' penal servitude</rs>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230010"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Tuesday, April 23.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19120423-6">
<interp inst="t19120423-6" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19120423"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-6" type="date" value="19120423"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19120423-6-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-6-19120423 t19120423-6-offence-1 t19120423-6-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-6-19120423" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-6-19120423" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19120423" type="age" value="48"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19120423" type="surname" value="OLARK"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19120423" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19120423" type="occupation" value="stoker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLARK</hi>, James (48, stoker)</persName>
<rs id="t19120423-6-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-6-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-6-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19120423-6-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-6-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-6-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, guilty of feloniously possess
<lb/>ing two moulds in and upon which was impressed the obverse and reverse sides of a shilling; unlawfully possessing counterfeit coin with intent to utter the same.</rs> </p>
<p>Nine previous convictions, commencing May 27, 1881, and includ
<lb/>ing seven and five years' penal servitude for coining, were proved, prisoner having been last released on July 18, 1911, with a remanet of 280 day.</p>
<rs id="t19120423-6-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-6-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-6-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-6-19120423 t19120423-6-punishment-8"/>Five years' penal servitude.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19120423-7">
<interp inst="t19120423-7" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19120423"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-7" type="date" value="19120423"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19120423-7-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-7-19120423 t19120423-7-offence-1 t19120423-7-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-7-19120423" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-7-19120423" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19120423" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19120423" type="surname" value="HUDSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19120423" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19120423" type="occupation" value="laundress"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HUDSON</hi>, Elizabeth (25, laundress)</persName>
<rs id="t19120423-7-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-7-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-7-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19120423-7-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-7-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-7-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, of unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin; unlawfully possessing counterfeit coin with intent to utter the same.</rs> </p>
<p>Three convictions were proved, including one with a sentence of 18 months' at Middlesex Sessions on March 6, 1909, for stealing jewellery.</p>
<rs id="t19120423-7-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-7-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-7-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-7-19120423 t19120423-7-punishment-9"/>Eighteen months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19120423-8">
<interp inst="t19120423-8" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19120423"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-8" type="date" value="19120423"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19120423-8-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-8-19120423 t19120423-8-offence-1 t19120423-8-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-8-19120423" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-8-19120423" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19120423" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19120423" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19120423" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19120423" type="occupation" value="traveller"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BAKER</hi>, William (40, traveller)</persName>
<rs id="t19120423-8-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-8-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-8-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, felonious possession of a mould on which was impressed the obverse and reverse resemblance of a sovereign.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner was tried upon this indictment at the last Session (see pre
<lb/>ceding volume, p. 766); he pleaded guilty, and was sentenced. He appealed against the conviction, on the ground that in pleading "Guilty" he had misunderstood the charge, and that there were in
<lb/>formalities in the taking of his plea. The Court of Criminal Appeal (7 Cr. App. R., p. 217) allowed the appeal, directing prisoner to be put back to the present Session, and again called upon to plead.</p>
<p>Prisoner now pleaded Not Guilty.</p>
<p>Mr. Robert Wilkinson prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CHARLES LEE</hi>, W Division. At 10.30 p.m. on February 20 I went to 20, Darley Road, Wandsworth, and saw pri
<lb/>soner's wife. In the front room first floor I found an iron spoon con
<lb/>taining molten metal lying in the fender, a plaster of Paris mould of a King George sovereign, dated 1911, and two half-moulds on a cup-board, three bottles of Owbridge's lung tonic in the cupboard, a bottle of liquid gold gilt, and some boxes of gilding material (produced). I then saw prisoner at the Streatham Police Station, showed him the mould, and told him that the sovereign bearing the impression of King George and the other property was found at his address last night. He replied, "I have been trying to make medals." I did not find any medals at his house. On February 28, at the rear of the South
<lb/>western Police Court, prisoner was charged with possessing this mould and with two cases of uttering a gilded shilling and a counter
<lb/>feit sovereign; he made no reply. I was present when prisoner was picked out from nine other men by Dickinson. Flint gave me this</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230011"/>
<p>counterfeit sovereign (produced). Saunders handed me this gilded shilling (produced).</p>
<p>Cross-examined by prisoner. Your wife did not tell me that you were making medals; you told me you were trying to make medals. When charged you did not say it was a lie.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-40" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-40" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-40" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-40" type="given" value="JANE"/>JANE JONES</persName> </hi>, wife of John Jones, 20, Darley Road. A week after last Christmas prisoner and his wife took a first floor front room at my house at a rental of 3s. 6d.; he lived there till his arrest.</p>
<p>To prisoner. I never saw you making any coins; I was very sur
<lb/>prised when this charge was made.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-41" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-41" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-41" type="surname" value="SAUNDERS"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-41" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM V. SAUNDERS</persName> </hi>, 57, Old Town Clapham, chemist On the evening of January 18 a woman called at my shop and made a com
<lb/>munication, in consequence of which I despatched by my errand boy (Dickinson) a bottle of extract of cod-liver oil and malt and a bottle of Bovril, costing altogether 2s. 3d., and 17s. 9d. change, for a sovereign, and told him to go to Macaulay Road. A short time after
<lb/>wards he came back and handed me this gilded shilling (produced). I sent him back again to Macaulay Road with a syphon of soda water. I afterwards handed the gilded shilling to the police.</p>
<p>To prisoner. I do not remember ever seeing you in my shop.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-42" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-42" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-42" type="surname" value="DICKINSON"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-42" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM DICKINSON</persName> </hi>, errand boy to the last witness. In the evening of January 18 the last witness gave me a bottle of cod-liver oil and malt, and a bottle of Bovril, and 17s. 9d. to take to 6, Macaulay Road. When I had got to within a door of 6, Macaulay Road prisoner came up to me, and said, "Are you going to 6, Macaulay Road?" I said, "Yes" He said, "Give me the goods and the change." I did so, and he gave me what appeared to be a sovereign and told me to get a syphon of soda water. I went back to the shop and handed the coin to Mr. Saunders. I took a syphon of soda water to 6, Macaulay Road, but in consequence of what they told me I took it back again. On March 6 at the police court I picked prisoner out from among eight or nine other men as being the man to whom I had given the goods on January 18.</p>
<p>To prisoner. When I met you it was dark. When I picked you out I said I "thought" you were the man; I made sure afterwards. (To the Judge.) I am now sure he is the man.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-43" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-43" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-43" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK WILLIAMS</persName> </hi>, 6, Macaulay Road, Clapham. Neither I nor anybody in my house ever ordered any Bovril or cod-liver oil and malt from Mr. Saunders' shop. Nobody but myself and family live at 6, Macaulay Road.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-44" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-44" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-44" type="surname" value="FLINT"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-44" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES FLINT</persName> </hi>, 264, Brown Hill Road, Catford, chemist, trading as "The Amorax Manufacturing Company." At about 6.30 p.m. on February 16 prisoner came into my shop; in consequence of what he said I gave my errand boy (Newey) a bottle of Bovril and a bottle of Owbridge's lung tonic, and 18s. 2d. I wrote the address on the wrapper on this bottle of lung tonic (produced). When Newey came back he handed me this coin (produced).</p>
<p>To prisoner. When you were put up for identification among a number of other men at the police court I picked out another man; he was stout but taller than you. (To the Judge.) I was flurried at the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230012"/>
<p>moment; directly after when I saw him before the magistrate I was sure that prisoner was the man who came to my shop.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-45" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-45" type="surname" value="NEWEY"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-45" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES NEWEY</persName> </hi>, errand boy to the last witness. On February 16 Mr. Flint gave me a bottle of Bovril, 18s. 2d., and a bottle of lung tonic, on the label of which was written "104, Ardgowan Road." When I had got within ten doors of 104, Ardgowan Road, a man, whom I cannot properly identify, came up to me and said, "Have you got the goods?" I said, "Yes." He said, "Could you run back and get a syphon of soda?" I said, "We have not got any syphons; we have sold out, we have some pint bottles of soda." He said, "That will do—run back." As I was going he said, "Give me the change for the sovereign." I gave him the 18s. 2d., and he gave me a coin which looked like a sovereign (produced), which I gave to Mr. Flint. We were half way between two lampposts when I met prisoner.</p>
<p>To prisoner. I could not pick you out.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-46" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-46" type="surname" value="HISLOP"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-46" type="given" value="DAVID ALLEN"/>DAVID ALLEN HISLOP</persName> </hi>, 104, Ardgowan Road, Catford. On Feb
<lb/>ruary 16. I ordered nothing whatever from Flint's shop. I know 17. nothing of prisoner; he never lived at 104, Ardgowan Road.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-47" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-47" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-47" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-47" type="given" value="SIDNEY WILLIAM"/>SIDNEY WILLIAM SMITH</persName> </hi>, Assistant Assayer, H.M. Mint. The mould (produced) is suitable for making counterfeit sovereigns of the present reign, dated 1911. The coins (produced) are a good shilling gilded, and a counterfeit sovereign, dated 1911. (To the Court.) My impression is that the mould had been used.</p>
<p>To prisoner. There are also a plaster impression bearing some re
<lb/>semblance to the King's head, with "George V." on it, and a rough plaster impression of a heart-shaped design, bearing the letters "G. R." inside. (To the Judge.) There is also a gilding mixture made of finely divided copper.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-48" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-48" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BAKER</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). During the last four years I have been getting an honest living by selling haberdashery and small toys to little shops, and each year in the summer time when there is anything particular on I have been in the habit of making Coronation medals, Empire medals, and Boatrace favours, with the idea of selling them at shops to help to get a living. On the Sunday before my arrest I met a man whom I know fairly well, and he said, "I have got something that will suit you; I have got three or four bottles of cough mixture, and I will bring it over on Sunday morning if you get the beer in." I said, "I do not know about getting the beer in, but if you bring it over I daresay you will find a glass of stout there." On the Sunday he came and brought with him three bottles of Owbridge's lung tonic, for which I gave him 1s. He then said, "I have got something that will suit you for your Empire favours this year," and he gave me the sovereign mould (produced). I did not even look at it; I put it on the dresser and went out, and there the detective found it when he called on the Tuesday. I was arrested on suspicion of loitering, and the detective asked my address, and, not being frightened—I had nothing to fear as I thought—I gave him my right address, where he found these things. The follow
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230013"/>
<p>morning he came to me at the police station and told me what he had found, and I said, "Yes; I had those for making medals for the Coronation and Empire." I did not even know at the time that it was a mould of a sovereign.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, April 24.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-49" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-49" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BAKER</persName> </hi> (prisoner), recalled, cross-examined. It is true that I was convicted here in 1907 for housebreaking; I was also con
<lb/>victed in 1903 for picking pockets. Since my last release I have been getting an honest living; I borrowed a few pounds and got some stock in haberdashery, etc., and sold it to small shops. Every summer I made Empire medals and Boatrace favours. I got the patterns from a shilling or a sixpence. The man who met me at Clapham I had not seen for two years; his name is Willis, and he goes to race meetings a lot. We went and had a drink and he said he would bring over some cough mixture as I said I had a shocking cold. I told him where I lived, and he brought it over on the Sunday. He then said, "I have got a mould which will give you a fine impression for your Empire favours, and he gave it to me. It was a well known thing that I was making medals. My wife has any quantity of moulds. I gave Willis a glass of stout from my wife's bottle and a shilling. He gave me three bottles of lung tonic. (To the Court.) This was the mould for making sovereigns. This was on the Sunday evening before my arrest. I did not touch the tonic; I had some of my own stuff.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-50" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-50" type="surname" value="PARKINS"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-50" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH PARKINS</persName> </hi>, 50, Langroyd Road, Upper Tooting. Seven years ago prisoner lived with me. He lived with me about 12 months, and then left. He returned to me about four years ago to where I was living at Noina Road. He then started-making these moulds for medals for the Boatrace, the King Edward's Memorial, and the Coronation. Last winter he spent three or four nights a week with me; his wife and I are great friends. I should not think it was possible for him to make bad money, because the coins he made did not turn oat perfect by a long way.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. He left me again finally about 12 months ago. I do not know what be has been doing since then, nothing more than he has been travelling in haberdashery and other things. I have visited him and his wife at 20, Darley Road, but I have not stayed in the house.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-51" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-51" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-51" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>LOUISA BAKER</persName> </hi>, wife of prisoner. At the time of prisoner's arrest I was living with him at 20, Darley Road. I have also lived with him at 47, Langroyd Road with Mrs. Parkins. My husband had these moulds" in order to make medals for the Memorial of King "Edward and the Coronation of King George, and he was just going to start the Boatrace favours when he was arrested. He has also been selling haberdashery and gas mantles; he sold two or three dozen gas mantles on the day he was arrested. When King George's money first came out he had halfpennies and threepenny pieces for the plain impression, and de
<lb/>stroyed them as soon as he had got what he wanted. This mould for making sovereigns, which he is accused of feloniously possessing, he got for making a medal as a Boatrace favour; he told me so two days</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230014"/>
<p>before he was arrested. It was lying about, he did not put it away anywhere. For making these medals he heated lead in a tablespoon; he never made any coin; he never had the things to do it with. On the Sunday morning before he was arrested a man called at our house and he and prisoner went to have a drink; when they came back pri
<lb/>soner showed me the mould and three bottles of Owbridge's lung tonic, which he said the man had given him. They were put back on the side and never opened until the detective found them. On the evening of January 18 we were at 47, Langroyd Road. At 11 p.m. on Feb
<lb/>ruary 20 the detective called and told me that my husband had been arrested for loitering at Streatham. He then took the sovereign mould and a star medal mould. I told him there were several different kinds of moulds. He said, as far as I recollect, that those he had would be enough. There were several moulds lying about. I produce a packet of moulds which my husband used for making medals. I have seen my husband making medals.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LEE</hi>, recalled. Although I searched the house I could only find the two moulds I have produced; it is untrue to say that other moulds were lying about. Mrs. Baker did not tell me that there were other moulds.</p>
<rs id="t19120423-8-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-8-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-8-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>A further indictment for passing counterfeit coin was not proceeded with.</p>
<p>Two previous convictions were proved.</p>
<rs id="t19120423-8-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-8-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-8-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-8-19120423 t19120423-8-punishment-10"/>Three years' penal servitude</rs>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MR. JUSTICE COLERIDGE</hi>.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, April 24.)</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19120423-9" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19120423"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-9" type="date" value="19120423"/>
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<persName id="def1-9-19120423" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-9-19120423" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19120423" type="surname" value="TEBBITT"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19120423" type="given" value=""/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">TEBBITT</hi> </persName> (30, agent), was indicted
<rs id="t19120423-9-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-9-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-9-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/> for feloniously shooting at
<persName id="t19120423-name-53" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-53" type="surname" value="BERG"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-53" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19120423-9-offence-1 t19120423-name-53"/>Charles Berg</persName> with intent to murder him, and with intent to resist his (Tebbitt's) lawful apprehension; feloniously shooting at
<persName id="t19120423-name-54" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-54" type="surname" value="DE ROTHSCHILD"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-54" type="given" value="LEOPOLD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19120423-9-offence-1 t19120423-name-54"/>Leopold de Rothschild</persName> with intent to murder him.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Bodkin prosecuted; Mr. Muir defended.</p>
<p>Mr. Bodkin stated that from reports which had come to him he had reason to think that prisoner was not fit to plead. The jury were first sworn to try whether prisoner was fit to plead to the indictments.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-55" type="surname" value="HYSLOP"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-55" type="given" value="THEOPHILUS BULKELEY"/>THEOPHILUS BULKELEY HYSLOP</persName> </hi>, M.D., 5, Portland Place. On March 8 and April 22 I saw prisoner in Brixton Prison, and had lengthy inter
<lb/>views with him. I found him to be suffering from a condition of chronic delusional insanity, with ideas of persecution in a special way; he thought that he was persecuted indirectly through Mr. Rothschild, and that a tutor of chemistry at King's College had been indirectly in
<lb/>fluenced by Mr. Rothschild to make a wrong equation of some chemical formula, and that this error had upset him very much, and he thought that, as there was nothing else left to do, he was in duty bound to retaliate upon Mr. Rothschild. It seemed to me, from what I gathered from his history, that this condition had been gradually</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230015"/>
<p>growing from February last year. I should consider prisoner very dangerous if at large. In fact, he volunteered the information to me that if he were allowed to be free, if his studies were interfered with in that way, there would be no other course left open to him than to retaliate in that way. I do not consider him to be in a fit condition to give proper instructions for his defence, because, under my very mild cross-questioning, he became confused, irrelevant, and, inco
<p>Cross-examined. He is in some respects fairly intelligent. I know he very strongly resents the suggestion that he is insane, and desires his sanity to be established in the course of this inquiry; that is the usual rule. That does not shake my belief; 99 out of 100 persons who are suffering from mental diseases deny the fact. I know he is very studious. I have heard that since I examined him for the first time he desired to be examined by another mental expert. He did not accept my view that he is insane.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-56" type="surname" value="DYER"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-56" type="given" value="SIDNEY REGINALD"/>SIDNEY REGINALD DYER</persName> </hi>, Medical Officer, Brixton Prison. Prisoner has been confined there since March 4. He has been under constant observation, and I have had several very long interviews with him. I have heard the evidence of Dr. Hyslop with regard to his delusional insanity. Prisoner has told me about the tutor in chemistry at King's College having been influenced by Mr. Rothschild, and has said that if he was interfered with, personally, in this way, he thought he was justified in shooting the origin of it. I think he is very dangerous. I should call him a homicidal maniac. I think he is so demented by these delusions that he is incapable of giving intelligent instructions for his defence.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. He is rather an intelligent type, and he talks rationally on most subjects, but he is so obsessed with delusions that they rather seem to percolate into other topics, and he becomes inco
<lb/>herent. He talks coherently and intelligently on labour matters and politics, and, to a certain extent, he is quite understandable; then these delusions of persecution seem to come into them. He com
<lb/>municated with the head of the Labour Party to nominate a mental expert to examine him, which I regard as a very intelligent thing to do.</p>
<p>Mr. Muir. I have taken instructions from the defendant. He was examined by this gentleman, who was nominated for him by the gentleman who is at the head of the Labour Party, and the defendant does not desire that gentleman to be called.</p>
<p>Chief Inspector
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN WILLIS</hi>, City Police. I was present at the Mansion House at the last hearing of this case before the Lord Mayor. At the end of the case the usual caution was given, and prisoner was asked whether he had anything to say. His behaviour was most extra
<lb/>ordinary; be wanted to initial every page of the information and the statement made by him that was written down: he protested that he was unable to initial every particular sheet. He then objected also to the two different kinds of paper being used. He insisted on making the statement viva voce, instead of putting in his written statement, and afterwards refused to sign it until he initialled each</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230016"/>
<p>sheet. The statement is as follows: "I have reason to suppose that there is a general impression that I was insane at the time 1 made my attempt on the life of Mr. de Rothschild. I consider I was perfectly sane, and think an impartial reading of the police evidence will support my opinion. I am completing a full statement of the motives for my action, which are mainly political, and which I will read to the judge who tries me. I take this opportunity of saying that no reliance can be placed upon any report, speeches, statement, etc., of other people, which purport to contain expressions of my view." It was obvious that prisoner suspected the bona fides of the way in which his statement was being taken, and he wanted to protect himself against any misappre
<lb/>hension of anything he said. The statement was taken in the ordinary course.</p>
<p>The jury found that prisoner was fit to plead.</p>
<p>(Thursday, April 25.)</p>
<rs id="t19120423-9-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-9-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-9-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> to all counts of the two indictments. Mr. Bodkin said that prisoner was the son of parents of the highest respectability, members of the Jewish community. His father used to attend the Central Synagogue, which Mr. Leopold de Rothschild also attended. In that way, a good many years ago, Mr. Rothschild through knowing his father also got to know prisoner and took a kindly interest in him. Some years ago prisoner went to Australia, and while there he used to write to Mr. Rothschild on his birthday and send him small presents, and Mr. Rothschild occasionally sent him small gifts, either himself or by his secretary. Mr. Rothschild had heard nothing of prisoner since 1909. Prisoner seemed to have come back from Australia and to have begun to study chemistry at King's College, and although he had a perfectly good home to go to, and kind parents, he preferred to live alone in lodgings of a humble character in the neigh
<lb/>bourhood of the Tottenham Court Road. Since November his de
<lb/>meanour had altered; he was very restless at nights. On March 4 pri
<lb/>soner was seen' loitering about in St. Swithin's Lane, into which New Court turns, for some two hours and a half. About five o'clock Mr. Leopold de Rothschild, in his motor-car, was leaving New Court for the purpose of going to his home in the country. Charles Berg, an officer of the City Police, who was attached to these banking premises upon special duty, was stationed at the exit of the court for the purpose of keeping pedestrians out of the way of the car. Upon the car turning into St. Swithin's Lane prisoner went to it, and fired three shots through the front window, and another through the side window of the car. Berg ran up to the prisoner and caught hold of him Some people who were passing along also came up. As soon as Berg came near prisoner stepped back a few paces, extended his right arm, and shot straight and deliberately at Berg. The bullet struck Berg upon the jaw, on the left side of the face, passed right through the neck, and embedded itself upon the opposite side, avoiding by only a hair's-breadth several most vital and dangerous organs in the neck. Berg fell down. A gentleman named Whitlock, one of those who had interfered to stop prisoner, was fired at, the bullet embedding itself in</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230017"/>
<p>his clothing. Berg was taken to St. Bartholomew's Hospital, and was there for about a month as an in-patient; he is now recovered, except for being left in a nervous and shaky condition. Prisoner was arrested. On the way to the police station one of the officers said, "Who was in the car?" Prisoner replied, "Mr. Leopold. I think I saw Lord Rothschild go out; I intended to shoot Leopold." At the police station prisoner asked, "How is the man I shot? I heard that he was hit twice; I should think he would recover. As the bullets were small ones they would have to put the X-Rays on him." In reply to the charge of shooting Berg and at Mr. Leopold de Rothschild, prisoner replied, "That seems to be correct." At his lodgings in Tottenham Court Road were found a number of cartridges for the revolver (pro
<p>Mr. Muir said that the prisoner did not consult him as to the plea he should give in answer to the indictments, and his plea took him quite by surprise. He thought that prisoner would have pleaded Not Guilty, and that the question of his sanity or insanity would be inquired into by the jury. He had explained to prisoner that the course he had taken in pleading guilty had prevented that, and that he had to be dealt with as a sane man. Counsel had not the smallest doubt that the Prison Commissioners would inquire into his sanity, and if they found that he was a dangerous lunatic he would be sent to Broadmoor, just as he would be if found insane by a jury. The only matter the prisoner desired him to call attention to was this: He said that if he had here his exercise books with regard to the equation, which he said was given to him wrongly by his instructor at the college where he was studying chemistry, he would be able to demonstrate that the equation given him was in fact wrong, and therefore that the medical experts were mistaken in supposing that that was a delusion, and their conclusion that he was insane was accordingly based on wrong premises. It had been said that there had been some blood relationship between him and Mr. Rothschild, causing him to make the attack. Prisoner desired him to say that there was no foundation for any such idea in his mind. In fact, there was no foundation for any such idea. The prisoner's parents were most respectable people in a good position, and were greatly distressed that any such rumour had got about. The certificates were in court of the marriage and birth, and so on, to place any such rumour absolutely beyond question. The acquaintance between Mr. Rothschild and the prisoner began when the prisoner was a little boy, and Mr. Rothschild kindly allowed him to sit beside him at a service at the Central Synagogue, and afterwards gave him a sovereign. There was no question of charity in the gifts which Mr. Rothschild sent the prisoner, but they were merely acts of friend-liness. Prisoner's friends desired that any suggestion that he had accepted charity from Mr. Rothschild should be cleared away. Pri
<lb/>soner was studious and solitary in his habits, and now he almost wel
<lb/>comed the idea of the solitude of a prison cell, where he could be alone with his books and no one to interrupt him. He thought that Mr. Rothschild had for some reason conceived an enmity towards him, and that using the great influence which prisoner supposed him to possess, he had influenced the instructor at the college to mis-instruct him and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230018"/>
<p>to prevent his progress in his studies. Prisoner's view was that the only way in which he could put a stop to that interruption to his studies was to put an end to Mr. Rothschild's life.</p>
<p>Mr. Bodkin said that Mr. Rothschild was absolutely unaware that the prisoner was at King's College or had any connection with that in
<p>Mr. Justice Coleridge. William Tebbitt, I am placed in consider
<lb/>able difficulty by the course which this case has taken. Although, personally—and everyone who has listened to the case must take the same view—although, personally, I am of opinion that you are not re sponsible for your actions, and therefore that no moral blame can possibly attach to your conduct, yet I am placed in this difficulty, that I am bound to consider you, for the purpose of to-day, as a sane man, responsible for your act, and to pass the same sentence upon you that I should pass had you been a sane man responsible for your act, and; had attempted wilfully and of your malice aforethought to kill and 1 murder two, if not three, people.
<rs id="t19120423-9-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-9-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-9-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-19120423 t19120423-9-punishment-11"/>Had you been a sane man the sentence of the Court would have been that you should be kept in penal servitude for Twenty years, and that is the sentence which I pro
<lb/>nounce</rs>. At the same time, it is more or less a formality, because I am satisfied, and you may be satisfied, that that sentence will not be carried into effect, and that, your state of mind being inquired into, the result, in fact, will be that you will be detained during His Majesty's pleasure.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE RECORDER</hi>.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, April 24.)</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19120423-10" type="date" value="19120423"/>
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<persName id="def1-10-19120423" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-10-19120423" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19120423" type="age" value="71"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19120423" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19120423" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19120423" type="occupation" value="no occupation"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARDS</hi>, Edward (71, no occupation)</persName>
<rs id="t19120423-10-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-10-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-10-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, stealing one suit case, a quantity of clothing and other articles, the goods of
<persName id="t19120423-name-58" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-58" type="surname" value="ANDERSON"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-58" type="given" value="HENRY STEWART"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19120423-10-offence-1 t19120423-name-58"/>Henry Stewart Anderson</persName>.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19120423-10-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-10-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-10-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>pleaded guilty of receiving</rs>, which plea was accepted by the prosecution.</p>
<p>Prisoner was stated to have received 10 years' penal servitude in New York for bank robbery in 1894; to have been recently discharged after undergoing five years' penal servitude in France; to have been expelled from Amsterdam, and to have undergone 11 years' imprison
<lb/>ment in Canada. Prisoner denied all previous convictions, but he had been identified by finger-prints.</p>
<rs id="t19120423-10-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-10-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-10-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-19120423 t19120423-10-punishment-12"/>Eighteen months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19120423-11">
<interp inst="t19120423-11" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19120423"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-11" type="date" value="19120423"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19120423-11-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-19120423 t19120423-11-offence-1 t19120423-11-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-11-19120423" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-11-19120423" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19120423" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19120423" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19120423" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19120423" type="occupation" value="super"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COLLINS</hi>, Thomas (30, super)</persName>
<rs id="t19120423-11-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-11-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-11-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, stealing a banker's cheque for £2 4s. 10d., the property of
<persName id="t19120423-name-60" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-60" type="surname" value="DOUGLAS"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-60" type="given" value="WILLIAM CARSTAIRS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19120423-11-offence-1 t19120423-name-60"/>William Carstairs Douglas</persName>; forging and uttering, knowing the same to be forged, a certain order for the pay
<lb/>ment of £60 4s. 10d., with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19120423-11-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-11-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-11-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>pleaded guilty of uttering</rs>, which plea was accepted by the prosecution.</p>
<p>Prisoner confessed to having been convicted at the London Sessions on December 20, 1910, receiving 18 months', for larceny; 15 other</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230019"/>
<p>short sentences for larceny, etc., were proved, commencing July 28, 1898, prisoner being last released on March 21, 1912.</p>
<rs id="t19120423-11-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-11-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-11-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-19120423 t19120423-11-punishment-13"/>Three years' penal servitude</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19120423-12">
<interp inst="t19120423-12" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19120423"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-12" type="date" value="19120423"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19120423-12-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-19120423 t19120423-12-offence-1 t19120423-12-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-12-19120423" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-12-19120423" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19120423" type="surname" value="MILBERTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19120423" type="given" value="SIDNEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19120423" type="occupation" value="tailor"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MILBERTON</hi>, Sidney (tailor),</persName>
<rs id="t19120423-12-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-12-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-12-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19120423-12-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-12-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-12-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="perjury"/> of committing wilful and corrupt perjury.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19120423-12-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-12-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-12-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-19120423 t19120423-12-punishment-14"/>Three months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19120423-13">
<interp inst="t19120423-13" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19120423"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-13" type="date" value="19120423"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19120423-13-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-19120423 t19120423-13-offence-1 t19120423-13-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-13-19120423" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-13-19120423" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19120423" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19120423" type="surname" value="CHAPMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19120423" type="given" value="ARCHIE"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19120423" type="occupation" value="waiter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHAPMAN</hi>, Archie (24, waiter)</persName>
<rs id="t19120423-13-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-13-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-13-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19120423-13-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-13-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-13-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, of stealing a fountain pen and other articles, and £1 15s., the goods of
<persName id="t19120423-name-63" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-63" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-63" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19120423-13-offence-1 t19120423-name-63"/>George Moore</persName>; forging and uttering, knowing the same to be forged, the en
<lb/>dorsement on a certain order for the payment of £4 5s., with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19120423-13-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-13-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-13-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-19120423 t19120423-13-punishment-15"/>Eight months' hard labour on each indictment, to run concurrently.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19120423-14">
<interp inst="t19120423-14" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19120423"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-14" type="date" value="19120423"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19120423-14-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-19120423 t19120423-14-offence-1 t19120423-14-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-14-19120423" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-14-19120423" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19120423" type="age" value="47"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19120423" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19120423" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19120423" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SMITH</hi>, Joseph (47, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19120423-14-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-14-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-14-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19120423-14-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-14-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-14-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, of stealing one dozen dead fowls, the goods of George Gravin.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner confessed to having been convicted on March 15, 1910, at London Sessions, receiving 23 months' hard labour, for shop-breaking, after nine pravious convictions, commencing August 4, 1897, for larceny; warehouse breaking, etc., including three years' penal servitude.</p>
<rs id="t19120423-14-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-14-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-14-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-19120423 t19120423-14-punishment-16"/>Eighteen months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19120423-15">
<interp inst="t19120423-15" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19120423"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-15" type="date" value="19120423"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19120423-15-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19120423 t19120423-15-offence-1 t19120423-15-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-15-19120423" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-15-19120423" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19120423" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19120423" type="surname" value="PERRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19120423" type="given" value="RICHARD CURNON"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19120423" type="occupation" value="soldier"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PERRY</hi>, Richard Curnon (24, soldier)</persName>
<rs id="t19120423-15-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-15-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-15-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19120423-15-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-15-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-15-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, of stealing 300 Indian stamps and other stamps, the goods of
<persName id="t19120423-name-66" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-66" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-66" type="surname" value="FRANTZEL"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-66" type="given" value="RUDOLPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19120423-15-offence-1 t19120423-name-66"/>Rudolph Frantzel, junior</persName>: stealing 7, 000 British and Colonial stamps, the goods of
<persName id="t19120423-name-67" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-67" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-67" type="surname" value="FRANTZEL"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-67" type="given" value="RUDOLPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19120423-15-offence-1 t19120423-name-67"/>Rudolph Frantzel</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner confessed to having been convicted on September 20, 1911, at Norwich Petty Sessions, receiving one month second division for stealing from his master, an Army officer.</p>
<rs id="t19120423-15-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-15-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-15-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19120423 t19120423-15-punishment-17"/>Nine months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19120423-16">
<interp inst="t19120423-16" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19120423"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-16" type="date" value="19120423"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19120423-16-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-19120423 t19120423-16-offence-1 t19120423-16-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-16-19120423" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-16-19120423" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19120423" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19120423" type="surname" value="MOSS"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19120423" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19120423" type="occupation" value="porter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MOSS</hi>, William, otherwise
<rs id="t19120423-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-19120423 t19120423-alias-1"/> John Walter Crane </rs>(30, porter)</persName>
<rs id="t19120423-16-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-16-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-16-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19120423-16-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-16-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-16-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>,of breaking and entering the shop of
<persName id="t19120423-name-69" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-69" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19120423-16-offence-1 t19120423-name-69"/>J. Lyons and Company, Limited</persName>, with intent to steal therein; attempting to break and enter the shop of
<persName id="t19120423-name-70" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-70" type="surname" value="BAXTER"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-70" type="given" value="HERBERT GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19120423-16-offence-1 t19120423-name-70"/>Herbert George Baxter</persName> with intent to steal therein; being found by night having in his possession, without lawful excuse, certain implements of house-breaking; attempting to break and enter the shop of
<persName id="t19120423-name-71" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-71" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19120423-16-offence-1 t19120423-name-71"/>The Cottage Tea Rooms, Limited</persName>, with intent to steal therein.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner confessed to having been convicted at the London Sessions on June 26, 1906, in the name of
<persName id="t19120423-name-72">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-72" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<rs id="t19120423-alias-2" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t19120423-name-72 t19120423-alias-2"/>John Crane</rs> </persName>; also to being a habitual criminal; 15 convictions for felony and five summary convictions were proved.</p>
<rs id="t19120423-16-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-16-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-16-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-19120423 t19120423-16-punishment-18"/>Three years' penal servitude</rs> and
<rs id="t19120423-16-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-16-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-16-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="preventiveDetention"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-19120423 t19120423-16-punishment-19"/>Five years' preventive detention.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19120423-17">
<interp inst="t19120423-17" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19120423"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-17" type="date" value="19120423"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19120423-17-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-19120423 t19120423-17-offence-1 t19120423-17-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-17-19120423" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-17-19120423" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19120423" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19120423" type="surname" value="TAPSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19120423" type="given" value="HORACE WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19120423" type="occupation" value="traveller"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">TAPSON</hi>, Horace William (37, traveller)</persName>
<rs id="t19120423-17-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-17-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-17-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19120423-17-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-17-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-17-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, of obtain
<lb/>ing by false pretences from
<persName id="t19120423-name-74" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-74" type="surname" value="BLACKALL"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-74" type="given" value="CHARLES WELLS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19120423-17-offence-1 t19120423-name-74"/>Charles Wells Blackall</persName> £8, the moneys of
<persName id="t19120423-name-75" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-75" type="surname" value="BROTHERS"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-75" type="given" value="HUDSON"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19120423-17-offence-1 t19120423-name-75"/>Hudson Brothers</persName>, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19120423-17-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-17-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-17-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-19120423 t19120423-17-punishment-20"/>Nine months hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19120423-18">
<interp inst="t19120423-18" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19120423"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-18" type="date" value="19120423"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19120423-18-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-19120423 t19120423-18-offence-1 t19120423-18-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230020"/>
<persName id="def1-18-19120423" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-18-19120423" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19120423" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19120423" type="surname" value="LEE"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19120423" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19120423" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LEE</hi>, George (27, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19120423-18-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-18-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-18-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19120423-18-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-18-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-18-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/>,of being found by night having in his possession, without lawful excuse, certain implements of house-breaking; being found in a certain public place under such cir
<lb/>cumstances as to show he was about to commit an offence punishable on indictment. (Prevention of Crimes Act, 1871, Sec. 7).</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner confessed to having been convicted on February 15, 1910, at Newington Quarter Sessions, receiving 12 months for being in possession of house-breaking implements; five other convictions proved.</p>
<rs id="t19120423-18-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-18-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-18-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-19120423 t19120423-18-punishment-21"/>Eighteen months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19120423-19">
<interp inst="t19120423-19" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19120423"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-19" type="date" value="19120423"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19120423-19-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-19-19120423 t19120423-19-offence-1 t19120423-19-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-19-19120423" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-19-19120423" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19120423" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19120423" type="surname" value="COLLINGS"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19120423" type="given" value="FRANK"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19120423" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COLLINGS</hi>, Frank (17, clerk)</persName>
<rs id="t19120423-19-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-19-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-19-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19120423-19-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-19-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-19-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>,of stealing £2 12s. 6d. and a cheque-book, the goods and moneys of
<persName id="t19120423-name-78" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-78" type="surname" value="GREENBAUM"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-78" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19120423-19-offence-1 t19120423-name-78"/> Samuel Greenbaum</persName>, his master; obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t19120423-name-79" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-79" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-79" type="surname" value="ROWE"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-79" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19120423-19-offence-1 t19120423-name-79"/>Ellen Rowe</persName> one bicycle, with intent to defraud; forging and uttering, knowing the same to be forged, two several orders for the payment of £1 10s. and £1 5s., in each case with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner confessed to having been convicted at the Mansion House on October 3, 1910, receiving 21 days' hard labour, for embezzlement.</p>
<rs id="t19120423-19-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-19-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-19-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-19-19120423 t19120423-19-punishment-22"/>Nine months' hard labour.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, April 24.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19120423-20">
<interp inst="t19120423-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19120423"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-20" type="date" value="19120423"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19120423-20-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-19120423 t19120423-20-offence-1 t19120423-20-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19120423-20-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-20-19120423 t19120423-20-offence-1 t19120423-20-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-20-19120423" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-20-19120423" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19120423" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19120423" type="surname" value="GOLD"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19120423" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19120423" type="occupation" value="tailor"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GOLD</hi>, Joseph (21, tailor)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-20-19120423" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-20-19120423" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-20-19120423" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def2-20-19120423" type="surname" value="MARCUS"/>
<interp inst="def2-20-19120423" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def2-20-19120423" type="occupation" value="dealer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARCUS</hi>, William (21, dealer)</persName>
<rs id="t19120423-20-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-20-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-20-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, feloniously uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19120423-20-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-20-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-20-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> .</p>
<p>Mr. Wilkinson prosecuted; Mr. David White appeared for Gold; Mr. J.E.Y. Radcliffe defended Marcus.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-82" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-82" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-82" type="surname" value="BREWSRER"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-82" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES BREWSRER</persName> </hi>, tobacconist, Bridge Street, Pinner. On March 14, about 3.30 p.m., Gold came in and asked for a packet of Woodbine cigarettes, price 1d.; he tendered a florin; I served him and gave him 1s. 11d. change. After he had left I tested the coin and found it was light. I went to my door and saw Gold, accompanied by Marcus, going in the direction of High Street. I could not leave my shop at the moment, but in five minutes' time I went up High Street and there saw Marcus; Gold came out of the post office and joined Marcus. Gold then went into Woodman's, the confectioners. When he left there I went in, and in consequence of what Woodman told me I sent for the police. I went up High Street (Sergeant White follow
<lb/>ing me). I saw Marcus, and said, "Where is your pal?" He said, "He is in a shop down the street." Gold came out of the shop indi
<lb/>carted; White arrested him and left him in my charge while he went after Marcus.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I am certain that Gold and Marcus were walking together; I did not see anything handed by one to the other. It is not true that I said to Marcus, "What are you looking for, old pal? "and that he replied, "I'm looking for an empty shop in Pinner."</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230021"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-83" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-83" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-83" type="surname" value="WOODMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-83" type="given" value="AGNES"/>AGNES WOODMAN</persName> </hi>. On March 14, about 3.30 p.m., Gold came in and purchased a packet of Woodbines; he gave me a florin (which I after
<lb/>wards found was bad) and I gave him 1s. 11d. change. After he left Brewster came in; upon what he told me I went to my door, and from there saw Gold talking to another man up the street. Gold then went into Hall's, the chemists.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-84" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-84" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-84" type="given" value="ALFRED WILLIAM"/>ALFRED WILLIAM HALL</persName> </hi>, chemist. Gold came in and asked for a pennyworth of strapping; I gave him some court plaster; he handed me a florin and I gave him 1s. 11d. change. On weighing the florin I found it was light. Going to my door a few minutes afterwards I saw Marcus crossing the road out of High Street; he was walking and looking over his shoulder. I went after him; at first I walked; then prisoner began running and I ran too, shouting, "Stop him." He was stopped, and Sergeant White arrested him. On March 26 I went to the police station and identified these two men.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ELY WHITE</hi>, 392 X. About 3.45 I was in the High Street, when Brewster pointed out Marcus to me. I told him I should arrest him for being concerned with another man in passing counter
<lb/>feit coin. He replied, "I have never passed any in my life." Brewster then pointed out Gold; I left Marcus with Brewster and went after Gold and arrested him. Going back to where I had left Marcus I found he had gone; I saw him going towards Payne's Lane, between running and walking. Leaving Gold with Brewster I gave chase to Marcus; he was stopped and I re-arrested him. I took both men to the station; when charged they made no reply. On searching Gold we found on him one sovereign, one shilling, a sixpence, and five pennies, all good money—no bad coins. On Marcus we found one sovereign, a half-sovereign, 20 shillings, 19 sixpences, 48 pennies, and 16 halfpennies. On Gold we also found a penny packet of chocolate, a penny memorandum book, and a packet of court plaster. On Marcus we found two packets of Woodbines, a penny memorandum book, two railway tickets from Aldgate to Pinner, dated March 14, with consecutive numbers, and a pawnticket relating to a gold coin. Marcus never said anything to me about his brother.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Inquiries have been made as to Marcus; nothing is known about him. I found no bad coin on him. At Pinner there is held an annual fair; goods are sold there by auction; I never heard of anyone taking a shop specially for the fair. I have not made in
<lb/>quiries as to whether Marcus has a brother.</p>
<p>Re-examined. The fair is held in May, on the Wednesday after Whitsun; it is a one-day fair.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-85" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-85" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-85" type="given" value="SIDNEY WILLIAM"/>SIDNEY WILLIAM SMITH</persName> </hi>, Assistant Assayer, H.M. Mint, deposed to the three florins (produced) being counterfeit.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-86" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-86" type="surname" value="MARCUS"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-86" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM MARCUS</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I am an auctioneer; I mean that I sell by auction cheap jewellery and fancy goods of all kinds; my business takes me all round the country. I go to Pinner Fair every year. On March 14 last I went to Pinner with my brother to see if I could find a shop there; a shop would be worth £10</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230022"/>
<p>to me on the day of the fair. My brother is now in America. I do not know Gold at all; I have seen him at Epsom race meetings but not to speak to him. I did see Gold at Pinner,? but I was not walking with him; I do not speak to him. Brewster came up to me in the street, and I thought he knew me. He said, "What are you looking for, old pal?" I said, "I am looking for a shop." He misunderstood me as saying, "My pal is in a shop." I was arrested, and the constable left me in charge of somebody, and I went away, because I know how suspicious people are in these little country places, and I did not want to get mixed up in any bother. In my business I sell lots of small things and get paid in small moneys. The money found on me I got from sales on the previous Sunday and Saturday in Whitechapel Road and Club Row Market, Bethnal Green. I took the money with me to Pinner in case I should be asked for rent in advance for the shop I intended to take. If I had found a shop I should have kept it open for six weeks till the fair day. When I went to Pinner with my brother I took two railway tickets; at Pinner there was no ticket-collector at the gate, so I kept the tickets. I have never had a charge of any kind brought against me before.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have no auctioneer's licence. I go to Pinner Fair every year, but have never taken a shop there. I saw the con
<lb/>stalble arrest Gold, so I thought I had better get away, as they might capture me; I was nervous, because I had never been in trouble before. It is not true that I was walking with Gold. I walked un and down High Street by myself. When I walked away from Brewster I was looking over my shoulder; that was to see if I could see my brother. I did not run away. Sometimes on a Saturday I have had as much as £4 in my pockets in pence. While in Pinner I did not go into any shop; I was only in the village about ten minutes.</p>
<p>Verdict (Marcus),
<rs id="t19120423-20-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-20-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-20-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>There was no previous conviction against either prisoner.</p>
<p>Sentence (each prisoner):
<rs id="t19120423-20-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-20-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-20-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-19120423 t19120423-20-punishment-23"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-20-19120423 t19120423-20-punishment-23"/>Five months' hard labour.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUDGE LUMLEY SMITH</hi> </p>
<p>(Wednesday, April 24.)</p> </div1>
<persName id="t19120423-name-87">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-87" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-87" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-87" type="surname" value="HUGHES"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-87" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-87" type="occupation" value="printer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HUGHES</hi>, Alfred (26, printer)</persName>, who was convicted at last Session of uttering (see preceding volume, page 768),was brought up for judgment.</p>
<p>Sentence: Eighteen months' hard labour.</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19120423-22">
<interp inst="t19120423-22" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19120423"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-22" type="date" value="19120423"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19120423-22-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-19120423 t19120423-22-offence-1 t19120423-22-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-22-19120423" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-22-19120423" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19120423" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19120423" type="surname" value="CHARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19120423" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19120423" type="occupation" value="porter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARD</hi>, Charles (20, porter)</persName>
<rs id="t19120423-22-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-22-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-22-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, stealing £4 2s., the moneys of
<persName id="t19120423-name-89" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-89" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-89" type="surname" value="ROWAN"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-89" type="given" value="JAMES FREDERICK"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-89" type="occupation" value="machine cleaner"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19120423-22-offence-1 t19120423-name-89"/>James Frederick Rowan.</persName> </rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-90" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-90" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-90" type="surname" value="ROWAN"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-90" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES ROWAN</persName> </hi>, 8, Chenies Place, Somers Town, machine cleaner. I have lodged at 8, Chenies Place, eight weeks. Hampstead Road is about 1 1/2 or two miles from there. On March 14 I left 8, Chenies Place at 5.40 a.m. and returned at 9.40 a.m. As I entered the house I saw a man coming out of the door. We said good morning. I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230023"/>
<p>thought he might be someone living in the house. I went upstairs. I found the tap back room door was open, which ought to have been shut. As I walked into the room I saw my bottom drawer was on the floor. I found this money-box on the bed. It was broken open and empty. When I last counted the money in it there was £4 26. That was on the previous Monday. I also missed a box with some farthings in. The front room was ransacked. I ran downstairs to the street to see if I could find the man, but could not. I came back and took the box to the landlady, and she went to the police station with me. The same evening prisoner was put up for identification. I identified him as the man I had seen coming out of the house that morning. When I left in the morning my young woman, her mother and brother were there. (To the Court.) I had no doubt about prisoner at the identifi
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK KIPPER, Y</hi>. I saw prisoner on March 14 at 7.30 p.m. at Stanhope Street, where he lives. I told him I should arrest him for stealing £4 2s. from 8, Chenies Place at 9.20 that morning, and he would be put up for identification. He said, "I was in Hampstead Road along with young Willing at that time outside Gibbs', waiting for a job" That is half to three-quarters of a mile from Chenies Place. He was readily identified by prosecutor. When charged he said, "He has made a mistake. Young Willing can prove it. I met him at Hampstead Road at a quarter to nine, and did not leave there till 9.50."</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I paid the men that were put up with prisoner 2d. That is customary. We endeavour to get them as much like prisoner as possible.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-91" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-91" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-91" type="surname" value="MILLS"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-91" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH MILLS</persName> </hi>. I am the landlady at 8, Chenies Place. Prose
<lb/>cutor is one of my lodgers. On March 14, about 9.30 a.m., I heard someone go through the passage and go out. I did not see them. The only people in the house then were the lady in the first floor front, my husband and myself. The others were all out. About ten minutes afterwards prosecutor came down to me. The street door was not open. I did not know anything about the money-box. (To the Court.) I have never seen prisoner before. Whoever came in must have had a key.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-92" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-92" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-92" type="surname" value="HAYWARD"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-92" type="given" value="EMMA"/>EMMA HAYWARD</persName> </hi>. I occupy the back room on the ground floor. On March 14 I left the house at 8.40 a.m., and returned about 6.45. I saw the money-box in the drawer that morning. There was £4 2s. in it. I am engaged to prosecutor.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-93" type="surname" value="HAYWARD"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-93" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM HAYWARD</persName> </hi>. Last witness is my sister. I have seen the money-box before. I cannot say when I last saw it intact. I knew where it was kept. I left the house on March 14, about 6.45 a.m., and returned about 6.45 p.m." I did not go home in the meantime. I have known prisoner a long time. I have spoken to him about this box. I have told him there was money in the drawer. I never knew the box was in the drawer. When I spoke to prisoner about it I told him that it was in the drawer. It was money that used to be kept in another box. I did not say which drawer or which room. I said who the money belonged to. This conversation was nine or ten weeks ago. It referred to another house at</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230024"/>
<p>College Place, Cam den Town. We were not living at Chenies Place-then. (To the Court.) The reason I told prisoner about the money was that there was a gas-meter broken open, and I being out of work got accused of it On the morning this box was broken open I had a key of the street door. I did not lend it to prisoner. I did not suggest he should go and take the money.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK KIPPER</hi>, recalled. Prisoner was searched at the station about 12 hours afterwards. One halfpenny was found on him; no key.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-94" type="surname" value="CHARD"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-94" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES CHARD</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath). I was in Tottenham Court. Road between 10 and half-past, and did not leave there before 12, speaking to a packing-case maker who was out on strike.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLING</hi>, porter I know prisoner. I saw him the day he was arrested at half-past 8 a.m. at Edward Street, Stanhope Street. I was with him till 8.40 or 8.45 a.m. I left him at the bottom of Baker-Street, Hampstead Road.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I was with prisoner that morning at Gibbs', in Hampstead Road.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MRS. CHARD</hi>, prisoner's wife. I do not know where prisoner was on the morning of March 14. I saw him at 5 p.m. He said he had been looking for work. I am not living with him.</p>
<rs id="t19120423-22-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-22-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-22-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19120423-23">
<interp inst="t19120423-23" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19120423"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-23" type="date" value="19120423"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19120423-23-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-19120423 t19120423-23-offence-1 t19120423-23-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-23-19120423" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-23-19120423" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19120423" type="age" value="61"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19120423" type="surname" value="GLADDISH"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19120423" type="given" value="RICHARD GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19120423" type="occupation" value="wharf foreman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GLADDISH</hi>, Richard George (61, wharf foreman)</persName>
<rs id="t19120423-23-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-23-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-23-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19120423-23-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-23-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-23-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="libel"/>,of maliciously publishing a certain defamatory libel of and concerning
<persName id="t19120423-name-96" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-96" type="surname" value="LAWFORD"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-96" type="given" value="JOHN EELES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19120423-23-offence-1 t19120423-name-96"/>John Eeles Lawford</persName>.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19120423-23-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-23-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-23-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-19120423 t19120423-23-punishment-24"/>was released on his own recognizances in £5 to come up for judgment if called upon.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19120423-24">
<interp inst="t19120423-24" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19120423"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-24" type="date" value="19120423"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19120423-24-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-24-19120423 t19120423-24-offence-1 t19120423-24-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19120423-24-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-24-19120423 t19120423-24-offence-2 t19120423-24-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-24-19120423" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-24-19120423" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19120423" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19120423" type="surname" value="DAY"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19120423" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19120423" type="occupation" value="fruiterer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DAY</hi>, William, otherwise
<rs id="t19120423-alias-3" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-24-19120423 t19120423-alias-3"/> Leary </rs>(38, fruiterer)</persName>
<rs id="t19120423-24-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-24-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-24-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19120423-24-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-24-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-24-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, of uttering an order for the payment of £74 1s. 6d., with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner was' further indicted
<rs id="t19120423-24-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-24-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-24-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="habitualCriminal"/>for that he is a habitual criminal</rs>. Mr. Bodkin prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM ADAMS</hi> I produce the consent of the Director of Public Prosecutions. It was served on prisoner at Brixton on April 13.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by prisoner. You gave me the address of Mr. Henley, who told me you went on his round on two or three occa
<lb/>sions, and he gave you food. You never worked for him. You said you had been out selling fruit and flowers, I cannot prove you have never been out selling.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">OLIVER BAXTER</hi>, 65 YR. I was present in this 'court on November 21, 1898, when prisoner was convicted of feloniously breaking and entering premises and sentenced to five years penal servitude. The certificate is attached to the papers.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES GREY</hi>, 27 G. I was present on April 25, 1905, at the North London Sessions when prisoner was sentenced to four years' penal servitude for larceny, burglary, and receiving in the name of Leary. I produce the certificate.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230025"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE CARR</hi>, Lancaster County Police. I was present at the Manchester Assize Court on October 26, 1906, when prisoner was convicted of attempting housebreaking, and sentenced to three years' penal servitude and one day, concurrent sentences. I produce the certificate.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE GALE</hi>. Prisoner was arrested on March 23. I saw him in the cell passage at the Mansion House about 2.45 that day. He told me he was reporting on ticket at Tottenham Court Road Police Station. I then asked him if he could furnish me with any names or addresses of people he had worked for or attempted to obtain work from. I also pointed out the particulars of the Prevention of Crime Act, 1906, to him, and said he might be further indicted unless he furnished me with names and addresses. He said, "Yes, I worked for a Mr. Nathan; I purchased flowers from Mr. Nathan in Covent Garden Market. There are three Nathans carrying on business in a very large way in Covent Garden Market. They deny knowledge of this man. I asked prisoner, but he could not tell me which Mr. Nathan. He said, "There is no use you going to Mr. Nathan. I have done no work. I have bought no stuff from him. I subsequently saw prisoner's brother. He was unable to tell me he had done any work.</p>
<p>To prisoner. You did not tell me you had bought fruit from other people in the market than Nathan. I cannot prove you have not been out selling fruit.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-98" type="surname" value="DAY"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-98" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM DAY</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). On October 13 last when I was released from penal servitude I was sent to the Church Army. Prisoners' Association. They said they could not find me employ
<lb/>ment. They could not find employment for men with no convictions behind them. I met a man two or three days afterwards, Randall. He offered to find me food till I found work. I went on and off two or three days a week. Then I started selling fruit and flowers. (To the Court.) I was with Randall two or three days a week for two or three months. After that I was out selling fruit and flowers. I bought them off the small traders in Covent Garden Market. They would not know me. They would only know Bill, Jack, or Jones. He could not say he knew a man. All the business is done under the hammer, and you have to buy off them certain stuff they do not want. This man cannot prove I have not been out selling fruit. They admit that themselves. I have been doing that from Christmas up to within a week or two of my arrest.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Since my last release I have lived the whole five months at 147, Whitfield Street, Tottenham Court Road. I paid 3s. 6d. a week rent. I was working from October 13 to a week before Christmas for Mr. Henley, 2, Little Clarendon Street, Somers Town, as driver of a mineral water van. He could not afford to pay me much wages. He gave me a few shillings now and again and my food. I suppose he gave me altogether £1 2s. I have been working with other</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230026"/>
<p>costermongers in the meantime. That is how I paid my rent. I gave their names but could not give their addresses.</p>
<rs id="t19120423-24-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-24-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-24-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Sentence on the first indictment:
<rs id="t19120423-24-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-24-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-24-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-24-19120423 t19120423-24-punishment-25"/> Three years' penal servitude</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19120423-25">
<interp inst="t19120423-25" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19120423"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-25" type="date" value="19120423"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19120423-25-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-19120423 t19120423-25-offence-1 t19120423-25-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19120423-25-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-19120423 t19120423-25-offence-2 t19120423-25-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-25-19120423" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-25-19120423" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19120423" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19120423" type="surname" value="FAULKNER"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19120423" type="given" value="EDMUND"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19120423" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FAULKNER</hi>, Edmund (30, clerk)</persName>
<rs id="t19120423-25-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-25-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-25-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, stealing a cheque-book, contain
<lb/>ing 23 cheques, the goods of
<persName id="t19120423-name-100" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-100" type="surname" value="TWENTYMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-100" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-100" type="occupation" value="licensced victualler"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19120423-25-offence-1 t19120423-name-100"/>William Twentyman</persName>; receiving the same, well knowing it to have been stolen.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. E.P.S. Counsel prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-101" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-101" type="surname" value="TWENTYMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-101" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM TWENTYMAN</persName> </hi>, licensed victualler, Chalk Farm Road. This cheque is one of mine. I missed it on February 29. I last saw my cheque-book on February 25. It was kept on our sitting-room table on the first floor. Sometimes the room is left for a minute or two with the key in the door. As a rule it is locked.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by prisoner. I first saw you at the police court. Customers from the public bar go up through the saloon to use the lavatory. It is possible for them to go without being heard. Any one going to the lavatory could go to the sitting-room. I do not know if anyone working for me has identified you as having been seen at my place.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-102" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-102" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN EVANS</persName> </hi>, dairyman, 5, Maple Street, Tottenham Court Road. I received this cheque from prisoner on March 3. His name on the back was not written in my presence. He was a customer of mine on the round. He owed me a little money, and told me he expected some money on the following week. He asked for the loan of 10s., which I gave him, and to prove that he was expecting money he showed me this cheque, and as I knew he had not a banking account I suggested he should give me the cheque so that I could put it through my bank, which I did do. It came back, marked "No a/c." The 10s. I gave him was nothing to do with the cheque. I had lent him money on previous occasions, and he always paid me back, amounts of £5 and over. When he showed me the cheque it had on it the words, "Not available until March 11, 1912." I held the cheque for a week. When I told him it had been returned he was very surprised, and said he would have to see about it.</p>
<p>To prisoner. A week previous to my dealing with this cheque you told me you were expecting a cheque. I was simply going to put it through my account for you. I do not think you have defrauded me in any way.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-103" type="surname" value="EAGLE"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-103" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS EAGLE</persName> </hi>, clerk, London and South-Western Bank, Camden Town branch. This cheque was issued in a book with 24 others to Mr. Twentyman. We have no customer named George Nicholls, the name which appears at the foot of the cheque.</p>
<p>To prisoner. No other cheques from that book have come through to my knowledge.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PAGE</hi>. I saw prisoner on March 14 at Maple Street or Howland Street. I said to him, "I am making inquiries re
<lb/>specting a cheque-book which was stolen from the 'Monarch' public-house? Did you give a cheque to Mr. Evans at 5, Maple Street?" He said, "Yes." I said, "Can you give me any information about it?"</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230027"/>
<p>He said, "I had it from a bookmaker named George Nicholls." He did not know what his address was, but it was somewhere at Brixton.</p>
<p>To prisoner. At Kentish Town you said, "If you had taken me back I could have found the address." I saw your wife and we together searched the place, but there were no papers there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-104" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-104" type="surname" value="FAULKNER"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-104" type="given" value="EDMUND"/>EDMUND FAULKNER</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I received the cheque through the post and it was put through Mr. Evans's account in perfectly good faith. I had every reason to believe there was nothing the matter with it. I received it from George Nicholls, a course bookmaker. It is money due to me from bets made. I had a letter with the cheque. Mr. Evans read the letter. The letter said he was sorry he had kecs pt me waiting, but he was expecting a cheque in him
<lb/>self during the following week and as he would be probably away racing he would send me the cheque on post-dated for the amount due to me. I got it on a Saturday morning. I have never been in Mr. Twentyman's public-house. I do not know where it is. I did not know the cheque-book had been stolen until I was at the police-station. Mr. Plowden said in his opinion there was no evidence to connect me with the theft.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have not brought the letter. I did not con
<lb/>sider it of any importance. Mr. Evans read it. My dealings with Nicholls were betting transactions. The money had been owing me from Lingfield Park the last back-end racing season. £10 0s. was the exact amount, but the cheque was for £10 11s., a mistake of a shilling on my side.</p>
<rs id="t19120423-25-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-25-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-25-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Prisoner was further indicted for
<rs id="t19120423-25-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-25-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-25-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>forging an order for the payment of £10 11s., with intent to defraud; uttering the same knowing it to have been forged.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-105" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-105" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM TWENTYMAN</persName>,
<persName id="t19120423-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-106" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-106" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN EVANS</persName> </hi>, Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">PAGE</hi>, and
<persName id="t19120423-name-107" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-107" type="surname" value="EAGLE"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-107" type="given" value="ALFRED THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALFRED THOMAS EAGLE</hi> </persName> gave similar evidence.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-108" type="surname" value="FAULKNER"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-108" type="given" value="EDMUND"/>EDMUND FAULKNER</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I should like to say, as far as I was concerned, I considered the cheque perfectly all right. It is in exactly the condition I received it, except that I have endorsed it. I handed it to Mr. Evans to go through his bank, but, so far as making the cheque out, I know nothing about it. I got it through the post.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The signature on Exhibit 1 is mine. (At coun
<lb/>sel's request prisoner wrote several words on a piece of paper, which was afterwards handed to the jury with the cheque.)</p>
<rs id="t19120423-25-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-25-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-25-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19120423-25a">
<interp inst="t19120423-25a" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19120423"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-25a" type="date" value="19120423"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19120423-25a-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25a-19120423 t19120423-25a-offence-1 t19120423-25a-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-25a-19120423" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-25a-19120423" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-25a-19120423" type="age" value="46"/>
<interp inst="def1-25a-19120423" type="surname" value="FLETCHER"/>
<interp inst="def1-25a-19120423" type="given" value="HENRY JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-25a-19120423" type="occupation" value="barber"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FLETCHER</hi>, Henry John (46. barber)</persName>
<rs id="t19120423-25a-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-25a-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-25a-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>having been entrusted with certain property, to wit, the sum of £80 19s. 9 1/2 d., in order that he might deliver the same to
<persName id="t19120423-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-110" type="surname" value="CLARKE"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-110" type="given" value="CHARLEY"/>Charley Clarke</persName>, Coleman and others, the members of the Railway Guard Social and Mutual Loan Club, unlawfully and fraudulently conventing the same to his own use and benefit.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230028"/>
<p>Mr. Armstrong White prosecuted; Mr. St. John Macdonald defended.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">TOM ANDREWS</hi>, N. On March 18 at Kennington Road Police Station, I read the warrant to prisoner. He said, "I left the money with the brewers, there was enough money to pay, but cleared out." When the charge was read over to him he made no reply. The warrant was issued on December 26 last. He was arrested on March 18.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. He informed me when he was arrested that he was staying at Church Road, Croydon, but had no fixed address. He gave no address at Camberwell. He did not say if he had known a warrant was out he would have given himself up. It is a custom for these slate clubs to invest the money with the brewer, not in the business. Prisoner's wife told me they had had a row some weeks before he left.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-111" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-111" type="surname" value="READ"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-111" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE READ</persName> </hi>, parcel porter, 224, Campbell Buildings, Gloucester Street, S.E. I have known prisoner four or five years. I was a member of the Railway Guard Mutual Loan Society. I was check secretary. On December 18 it was resolved to pay out all the money on the following Friday; the amount was £80 odd. The accused, the secretary and I, were to go through the accounts together on the 19th. The accused did not come. I next saw him on March 25 at the Tower Bridge Police Court. Rule 16 says the monies are to be invested in the Lambeth Savings Bank by the Honorary Treasurer and Honorary Secretaries. I was one of the secretaries. I never helped in banking this money. We trusted accused.</p>
<p>(Thursday, April 25.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-112" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-112" type="surname" value="READ"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-112" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE READ</persName> </hi>, recalled, cross-examined. The duties of a check secretary are to check the money off the secretary's books so as the treasurer should sign for it. I believe the book in which he signed is an exhibit. It shows all the moneys received in the club. (Witness was cross-examined as to the entries.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BRYANT</hi>, District Manager to Watney, Combe and Reid, 3, Beverley Gardens, Barnes. "The Railway Guard" public-house, Waterloo Road, is in my district. Prisoner was a yearly tenant. The tenancy was terminated toy a quarter's notice on either side. He left in December last without notice. He left in our debt., When he took up the lease he deposited £100. On December 11 I received' this cheque for £20 from prisoner. It was not honoured. A second cheque for £59 2s. 8d. I did not; pay in as the other had come back. I next saw him at the Tower Bridge Police Court. When I discovered he had left the public-house I informed the police in the usual way for the purpose of saving the licence. We kept the house open until just after Christmas, when we closed it. A private sale was ordered, and we obtained an order for possession of the premises that is signed by</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230029"/>
<p>Lord Loreburn on December 31. This book shows a complete account as between myself and prisoner. It shows a balance of £23 18s. 10d. We handed a cheque for that amount to Mrs. Fletcher. When the firm heard about the society and prisoner's disappearance I recommended to the Directors that they should give the members something, and they agreed to pay half, £40 10s. I went down and saw that distributed. It did not come out of the £100.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. We served prisoner by substituted service with notice of permission of the Court to enter the premises. Mrs. Fletcher knew we had taken out writs against her husband. She left everything in my hands. We sold for £85 all at, that is the goods on the premises and the goodwill. We paid prisoner's debts. We had to take posses
<lb/>sion of the "premises, and did not know what to do with the money. The place improved while he had possession. He conducted the business very well. It is not a fact that when the £20 cheque was returned prisoner offered me £20, and I told him to pay the money into the bank. I believe Mr. Goodyear refused it, and told him to pay it into the bank. When Mrs. Fletcher went away there were furniture and goods belonging to them. That was all handed over to her.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-113" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-113" type="surname" value="FLETCHER"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-113" type="given" value="HENRY JOHN"/>HENRY JOHN FLETCHER</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I had been in posse
<lb/>ssion of this licence two years last December. I paid £50 for the business and £13 or £14 for the stock. The previous tenant had been convicted of betting. It was only my character that got the licence. This loan club was started with the idea of improving the business. I was elected honorary treasurer. The secretaries col
<lb/>lected subscriptions, the money was handed over to me, and I signed for it. When a loan was wanted I handed the money to Mr. Cole
<lb/>man. I did not take his receipt for it. I never took a receipt of any description. I cannot say what I owe them. When I went away I left enough to cover it. I owe them something. It was decided to pay out on December 18. I said I would go through the accounts on the 19th. I went away that afternoon. It was really over a row with the wife. We had been jangling weeks and weeks. I said, "You can have the lot. Pay the club out." I believe she is jealous. I do not know why. That is why I left. I did it in a mad temper. I know I was wrong. It was a tied house. I deposited £100 and they allowed me 4 per cent. My wife must have known about that. She could have paid the slate club out with my property. There was £200 worth of furniture and £30 worth of stock. I have not been in hiding. I have been in the locality of the public-house 14 or 15 times since. I have a hairdresser's business in York Road worth £90. I have been there. When I was arrested I was staying with people named Carter at 38, Church Road, Croydon. I have been there all the time barring going to one or two race meetings.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-114" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-114" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-114" type="surname" value="FLETCHER"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-114" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MRS. MARY ANN FLETCHER</persName> </hi>, 299, Kingston Road, Merton Park, Wimbledon. Prisoner is my husband. We have not lived together</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230030"/>
<p>since we parted in December. We quarrelled. He said he was tired of everything and I could have it on my own and do as I liked; he had done with it. He said, as to the slate club, if there was any difficulty there was enough at the brewers' to pay any debts that he owed. That was not to worry me. I thought at the time he referred to the £100 deposit. He left a little money in the till, £4 or £5. He left the stock and everything in working order. There was about £40 worth of stock. I carried on the business till December 30. The brewers made me shut it up. I was in the house three weeks after that. They would not let me move anything off the premises. 3 received a cheque from them for £23 13s. 2d. and out of that there was 7s. 6d. application for new licence and 30s. for something else, I do not know what for. It was for stock and things in the bar, I suppose. The furniture cost from £150 to £200. They did on touch that. They would not let me remove before January 22. I was not asked to pay any money to the slate club. If they had allowed me to keep the business on I should have paid everything. I do not know if the members knew the £100 was at the brewers. My husband has a hairdresser's business in York Road. That is not five minutes walk from this public-house.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not know my husband had left owing debts, till after he had gone and I went to see Mr. Bryant. They were small debts. We always run small debts. If I had known where my husband was (between December and March I should have tried to see him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-115" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-115" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-115" type="surname" value="THURSTON"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-115" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MRS. MARY ANN THURSTON</persName> </hi>, 3, Francis Street, Waterloo Road. I am prisoner's sister. Ever since my brother has been licensee of the "Railway Guard" public-house he and his wife have never been good friends. There was no other trouble that I am aware of, except over the business.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-116" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-116" type="surname" value="VANDERLUIS"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-116" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL VANDERLUIS</persName> </hi>. I keep an oyster bar in the Waterloo Road. I have known prisoner 35 years as a man of unblemished character.</p>
<rs id="t19120423-25a-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-25a-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-25a-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MR. JUSTICE COLERIDGE</hi>.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, April 24.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19120423-26">
<interp inst="t19120423-26" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19120423"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-26" type="date" value="19120423"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19120423-26-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-19120423 t19120423-26-offence-1 t19120423-26-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-26-19120423" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-26-19120423" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19120423" type="age" value="60"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19120423" type="surname" value="BENBOW"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19120423" type="given" value="ARTHUR JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19120423" type="occupation" value=""/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BENBOW</hi>, Arthur James (60)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t19120423-26-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-26-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-26-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/> for and charged on the coroner's inquisition with the wilful murder of
<persName id="t19120423-name-118" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-118" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-118" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-118" type="given" value="SOPHIA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19120423-26-offence-1 t19120423-name-118"/>Sophia Baker</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Muir, Mr. Travers Humphreys, and Mr. Boyd prosecuted; Mr. Marchant defended.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-119" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-119" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-119" type="given" value="SARAH"/>SARAH BAKER</persName> </hi>, 5, Kingsley Avenue, West Ealing. I lived there with deceased, my sister; we were there about 12 months. We let apartments. We kept no servant. In answer to an advertisement on March 11 prisoner called and took a bedroom on the first floor and a sitting-room on the ground floor at one guinea a week. He came on the 13th and stayed till April 2, when he was arrested. He was peculiar about his food; on one morning, very early, I found him</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230031"/>
<p>walking on the stairs. He was so peculiar that we were not comfort
<lb/>able and we told him we wished him to leave. Deceased waited on him. A little after 9 a.m. on April 2 I went out, leaving deceased in her bedroom; as far as I knew prisoner was in his bedroom. There was no one else in the house. I returned at 12.45 p.m. and found her lying on the kitchen floor, as I thought, in a dead faint. I tried to restore her with brandy, but found it was no use. I did not know at that time that she had been shot. I went into prisoner's room on the ground floor and saw him sitting in a chair with a paper in his hand. He said nothing; I went next door for assistance and one of the maids came in. I looked in at prisoner and asked him the last time he had spoken to my sister; I had told him I had found her in a dead faint. He said that she asked him if he would like his break
<lb/>fast and he said not at present. I then went into the kitchen and, on examining her more closely, found she had been shot. I had sent for the doctor. Just before he arrived prisoner came to the door and asked me if my sister had gone. I had no idea that he had any fire
<p>Cross-examined. We were on good terms with him. When I met him on the stairs he said he could not understand why people should try to poison him; I think this was about the Tuesday before April 2. He had his hat and coat on, with a lighted candle in his hand; it was quite daylight. (Mr. Muir stated that he was not contesting that prisoner was not insane.) These are two letters I wrote to his cousin. I know that he had consulted a doctor.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-120" type="surname" value="PHILLIPS"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-120" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE PHILLIPS</persName> </hi>, M.D., 88, The Avenue, West Eealing. At 1.45 p.m. I went to 5, Kingsley Avenue, where I saw deceased on the kitchen floor. Her bodice was singed, consistent with a powder ex
<lb/>plosion. There was a hole under her left breast. She had been dead, in my opinion, about an hour. I sent my chauffeur for the police. I heard someone walking across the hall, and on going to the door I saw prisoner. I detained him. He put his hand in his hip pocket and I caught hold of his wrist. He was producing this washleather bag (Exhibit 3). I held him until the arrival of the police. He asked me to go inside, as it was rather public out there. I did not do so, but remained at the gate. On the police arriving I said I thought he had a revolver about him. No revolver was found on him at the time. The appearance of her wound was consistent with her having been shot at close quarters. I saw this knife (Exhibit 2) taken from him.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not see a letter in his hand. He was just going out of the gate when I saw him. He did not make any attempt to get away when I stopped him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE MASON</hi>, 772 X. At 1.45 p.m. on April 2 I went to 5, Kingsley Avenue, where I saw prisoner being detained at the gate by Dr. Phillips, who said to me, "A woman has been shot in this house and this man seems rather anxious to get away." I de
<lb/>tained prisoner, who said nothing. We all went into the front room, where the doctor said, "I believe he has a revolver on him." I asked prisoner which pocket it was in and he said, "The revolver is upstairs</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230032"/>
<p>in an open gladstone bag." I went to his bedroom, where I saw him bag, but there was no revolver in it. I returned and told prisoner this. He said nothing. I noticed something in his pocket and I asked him what he had got there. He said, "Nothing." I found in his right hand pocket this single-loader revolver, fully cocked, and a tobacco box containing four live cartridges fitting the revolver. I als found on him this sheath knife and this flask of brandy. He said he wanted to drink some of it, as he felt faint. There was also this wash leather bag, containing keys, and this stamped letter.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. He appeared to be very calm; he seemed strange. This letter (Exhibit 7) I found upstairs; it was sealed ready for post
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM HARPER</hi>, 196 X. At 1.45 p.m., on April 2 I went to 5, Kingsley Avenue. The witness corroborated the evidence of the last witness and added: When Police-constable Mason went upstairs I was left in charge of prisoner, who said to Dr. Phillips, "You had better leave me to the police and get on with your patient. I suppose they think I have done it and detained me."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FRANK SHAW WHITESIDE</hi>, 428 X, corroborated. He added that prisoner later said, "I cannot think what made me do it. It was purely an accident. My head is so bad to-day. Can't I have my tablets?" I had found a bag containing some tablets in his pocket.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALFRED DEEKS</hi>, X Division. At 1.50 p.m. on April 2 I was summoned to 5, Kingsley Avenue, where I saw deceased's body in the kitchen. In the front room prisoner was being detained by Police-constable Mason. I told him who I was and that I was investigating how deceased had met her death. This pistol was then lying on the table. I cautioned him and he said, "I came down about 10 a.m. and went out for a short stroll and came back. She asked me if I would have any breakfast. I said, 'Not at present.' Then I came into the front room and read the paper. It may be a delusion on my part, but I thought an operation had been performed upon me, and I got a revolver which was upstairs in a gladstone bag and brought it down and pointed it to her. I asked her who it was performed an operation upon me about a fortnight ago. She replied, 'I don't know.' I snapped the trigger at her. It went off, and she dropped down. I gave her some brandy and some water and saw it was all over. It was no good making a row, so I waited till her sister came in." I took the statement down in my pocket-book and he signed it. Inspector Davies then came in and I told him what had happened. I picked up the pistol, not knowing it was loaded, and it went off; it went through his clothing. I took prisoner to the station. When charged with wilful murder he said, "I object to wilful murder; I did not know it was loaded."</p>
<p>Cross-examined. He said he had snapped the trigger to frighten her. He appeared to be of unsound mind.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS DAVIES</hi>, X Division. On going to 5, Kingsley Avenue, prisoner made the following statement to me: "These people are very interested in looking after young women and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230033"/>
<p>thought I was going to London habitually to go with these young people; but I used to go to South Kensington Museum. They thought I was not looking after myself. When I went to bed I had terrible dreams. I thought someone came in and threw something over my head. I thought someone was attending me and had operated. It may be a delusion on my part. I asked her who it was that had performed the operation upon me about a fortnight ago in the night. She said she knew nothing about it. I snapped the trigger to frighten her and it went off. I presented the revolver at her to frighten her and thought it was empty, but found it loaded. I then got some brandy as she had dropped down. I also gave her some water. I did not think about making a row, so I waited until her sister came in. I did not know what to do. I have not been very comfortable in these apartments. They think I am a bit of a reprobate. The idea that an operation has been performed upon me to make me impotent I did not explain very well. I am so confused just now that I cannot give you a better idea of what the delusion was. I ought to have had expert advice upon it. I have seen a man up in town about it. It sounds very mad. It sounds like a case for Broadmoor. I told him later that I must charge him with wilful murder, and he said, "I suppose I must go with you. I allowed him to go upstairs to get his gloves. I accompanied him. From the dressing-table he took this envelope, containing two half-sheets of paper-bearing his address and on which was, "Should I be ill or die, write to....." In a box under the bed I found 17 cartridges fitting the pistol (Exhibit 1). I unlocked it with a key Police-constable Mason had given me. It had apparently recently been moved. It also contained an empty cartridge-case fitting the pistol. In addition I found nine loaded cartridges. On the way to the station prisoner said, "There is some money in my trunk in my bedroom. Will you get it for me?. I returned and found it where he had described. At the station I said to him, "I found the money you spoke of. It is £4.. He said, "That is right. I am sorry this has happened. I did not mean to shoot her; I meant to frighten her. I put the second cartridge in as I thought I was going to be lynched by the neighbours. My brother pointed the revolver at me and pulled the trigger when he thought it was not loaded. It went off and I put my head on one side and the bullet just grazed my hair."</p>
<p>Cross-examined. He gave me the impression that he was un
<lb/>doubtedly insane.</p>
<p>Re-examined. It is quite easy to see if the pistol is loaded or not.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-121" type="surname" value="BENNETT"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-121" type="given" value="GEORGE HERBERT"/>GEORGE HERBERT BENNETT</persName> </hi>, M.R.C.P., after corroborating the evi
<lb/>dence of Dr. Phillips as to the position and cause of the wound on the deceased, stated: In the post-mortem examination I found the bullet had opened the pericordium and passed through the apex of the heart, embedding itself in the lung; it undoubtedly was the cause of death. I had an interview with him afterwards.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I was quite satisfied that his delusion that an operation had been performed upon him was not feigned. I certainly think it indicates unsoundness of mind.</p>
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<rs id="t19120423-26-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-26-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-26-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="insane"/>Guilty, but insane.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19120423-26-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-26-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-26-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="insanity"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-19120423 t19120423-26-punishment-26"/>Prisoner was ordered to be detained during His Majesty's pleasure.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<persName id="def1-27-19120423" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-27-19120423" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19120423" type="age" value="62"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19120423" type="surname" value="COXON"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19120423" type="given" value="EDWIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19120423" type="occupation" value="carpenter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COXON</hi>, Edwin (62, carpenter)</persName>
<rs id="t19120423-27-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-27-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-27-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, feloniously wounding
<persName id="t19120423-name-123" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-123" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-123" type="surname" value="COXON"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-123" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19120423-27-offence-1 t19120423-name-123"/>Ellen Coxon</persName>, with intent to murder her.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Wells Thatcher prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM GOUGH</hi>, E Division. About 3 a.m. on March 13 I saw prisoner at Hunter Street Police Station. I told him who I was, and said that he would be charged with attempting to murder his wife. I cautioned him. He said, "I had a provocation, and it was through her temper and through her 'whoreism.' I wish to Christ she was dead. She did not deny it to-night, and I own I have not done anything for four months through illness.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by prisoner I wrote down your statement in your presence.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-124" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-124" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-124" type="surname" value="COXON"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-124" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>ELLEN COXON</persName> </hi> (prisoner's wife) was sworn. On being asked by Mr. Justice Coleridge whether she was willing to give evidence, she stated that she was not.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WELLS THATCHER</hi> said that, after the decision in R. v. Leach (4 Cr. App. R., 96) he could not contend that this was a compellable witness, and he would not examine her.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-125" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-125" type="surname" value="MCCAULAY"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-125" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MCCAULAY</persName> </hi>. I am a registered medical practitioner. On March 12 I was called to 25, Kenton Street, where I found prose
<lb/>cutrix sitting in a chair. She had three wounds on her head, one causing compound fracture. There was a lot of blood on her clothes and on the floor. I dressed the wounds and sent her to the hospital. Her injuries could be caused by the hammer (produced). I believe she is going on very well now.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-126" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-126" type="surname" value="TASKER"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-126" type="given" value="HAROLD"/>HAROLD TASKER</persName> </hi>, house surgeon, Cambridge University Hospital. I remember having prosecutrix under my charge. She was discharged on March 31. I was not present when the operation was performed. She is going on very well, and in my opinion she will probably get quite well.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-127" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-127" type="surname" value="FOLBY"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-127" type="given" value="EDITH"/>EDITH FOLBY</persName> </hi>, 25, Kenton Street. Prisoner is my brother-in-law. On March 11 I heard my sister call out. I went upstairs to their oom, and found her lying on the floor. I fetched my nephew, and the doctor was sent for. I passed prisoner on the landing before I entered the room. I have seen, this hammer before. When I went into the room it was on the table.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-128" type="surname" value="FOLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-128" type="given" value="HENRY WILLIAM"/>HENRY WILLIAM FOLEY</persName> </hi>, 25, Kenton Street. Prisoner is my uncle. About 9.30 p.m. on March 12 he went out. He returned with his wife at 10.30, and went upstairs. They started quarrelling, and he said if she went out he would go with her. I was in the room at the time. I left for a few minutes at 11. On my return they were still quar
<lb/>relling. They went down to the kitchen. I heard him say, "Don't row; let's be friends. "They came upstairs and commenced quarrelling again. I went to bed. They were still at it. I heard him come out of the room and go to his cupboard on the landing. He then returned. I got up and went into the front room, where I saw Mrs. Coxon lying unconscious on the floor. I picked her up and put her on a chair.</p>
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<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE BACKHAM</hi>, E Division. At 1 a.m., on March 13, I went to 25, Kenton Street, where I saw prisoner. I told him I should take him into custody for the attempted murder of his wife. He said, "She tantalised me, and I knocked her on the head with the hammer. I am sorry she is not dead. I came back to give myself up. I could have done myself in, but that would have healed the thing up. I am only sorry I did not do her in." I took him to the station. On returning, to the house I found this hammer lying on the floor opposite a large pool of blood.</p>
<p>Prisoner's statement before the magistrate. "I have nothing further to say. I was upset on account of her temper. I lost my head at the time I did it. I locked the door to prevent her going out—not with the idea of doing her grievous bodily harm.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-129" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-129" type="surname" value="COXON"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-129" type="given" value="EDWIN"/>EDWIN COXON</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath). All I have to say is that I am truly sorry for what has happened. I quite lost my head with the bother that we had and her throwing things at me, and also with my illness. I had only just been out of the infirmary a fortnight when this took place and my head was not properly the thing then. We have always been comfortable together.</p>
<rs id="t19120423-27-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-27-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-27-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>Guilty of wounding with intent to do grievous bodily harm "under very great provocation."</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19120423-27-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-27-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-27-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-27-19120423 t19120423-27-punishment-27"/>Six months' imprisonment, second division.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<persName id="def1-28-19120423" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-28-19120423" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19120423" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19120423" type="surname" value="TURNER"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19120423" type="given" value="MAY"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19120423" type="occupation" value="carman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">TURNER</hi>, May (24, carman)</persName>
<rs id="t19120423-28-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-28-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="damage"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-28-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="arson"/>, feloniously setting fire to a certain dwelling house, divers persons, to wit,
<persName id="t19120423-name-131" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-131" type="surname" value="HOOD"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-131" type="given" value="FRANK ALLEN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19120423-28-offence-1 t19120423-name-131"/>Frank Allen Hood</persName>, and
<persName id="t19120423-name-132" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-132" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-132" type="surname" value="FOX"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-132" type="given" value="GRACE BARBARA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19120423-28-offence-1 t19120423-name-132"/>Grace Barbara Fox</persName> then being therein.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. J.D. Fitzgerald prosecuted.</p>
<p>The first witness for the prosecution was about to give evidence, when the prisoner had hysterics, and had to be removed.</p>
<p>(Thursday, April 25.)</p>
<p>Prisoner again fell into hysterics after a few questions to the first witness.</p>
<rs id="t19120423-28-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-28-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-28-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="directed"/>Mr. Justice Coleridge discharged the jury, directing that a com
<lb/>munication should be made to the Home Secretary with a view to inquiry into prisoner's mental condition.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MR. JUSTICE COLERIDGE</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, April 25.)</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-29-19120423" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19120423" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19120423" type="surname" value="AINSWORTH"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19120423" type="given" value="WILLIAM ALFRED"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19120423" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">AINSWORTH</hi>, William Alfred (23, labourer)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t19120423-29-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-29-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-29-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/> for and charged on the coroner's inquisition with the manslaughter of
<persName id="t19120423-name-134" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-134" type="surname" value="BLACKLER"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-134" type="given" value="SIDNEY JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19120423-29-offence-1 t19120423-name-134"/>Sidney John Blackler</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. T.E. Morris prosecuted; Mr. Sydney E. Williams defended.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-135" type="surname" value="HIGGINS"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-135" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS HIGGINS</persName> </hi>, greengrocer's assistant, Hanwell. On Saturday night, March 9, I went with prisoner into the "Old Hat" beer shop, Ealing; there were other men there that I knew. I called for drinks</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230036"/>
<p>for myself, prisoner, Clack, and Bawcombe. We were all mates together. In a joke I tapped Bawcombe on the knee. He shaped up to fight. I said, "Don't hit me, hit him over there" (referring to Blackler); "he is bigger than I am. "Blackler came across to me and said something. I said, "Can't you stand a joke, Jack?" He said something else, and I lost my temper for the moment, and pulled off my coat. Then the landlady interfered. I called for some more beer and she refused to serve me. Prisoner and I then went outside and went to the "Halfway House," about five doors away. On the way there Blackler came up and said to prisoner, "You are the bloke," and gave him a sort of back-handed clout. Prisoner pulled off his coat and threw it to me; it went over my head. When I scrambled it off my face and turned round I saw prisoner strike Blackler with his fist and Blackler fell. Previously to that Blackler had said, "I can't fight," and he put his hands down in his pockets. Then prisoner said, "I can" and struck him in the head or the chest. Prisoner took his coat from me and ran away. We were all sober barring Blackler. Prisoner was a stranger to me except that we worked at the same place.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. What prisoner threw to me was just his overcoat, not his jacket. It was not thrown as a signal to fight. Blackler was a bigger man than prisoner, about 6 ft. 3 in. in height.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-136" type="surname" value="CLACK"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-136" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM CLACK</persName> </hi>, labourer, Ealing. I was in the "Old Hat" with my father and Bawcombe when prisoner and Higgins came in. There was some skylarking between Higgins and Bawcombe. Bawcombe put up his fist to Higgins, and the latter said, "Don't hit me, hit him over there." Blackler walked across to Higgins and said, "What do you mean by telling him to hit me?" Higgins said, "It's only a joke, Jack, but if you take it that way I will have a fight," and he took off his coat. The landlady interfered, and Higgins and prisoner left the bar. As they left, Higgins said to Blackler, "I will see you outside." Blackler stayed in the house for ten minutes after the others went out. We were all sober.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner was drinking gingerbeer.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-137" type="surname" value="BAWCOMBE"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-137" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES W. BAWCOMBE</persName>,
<persName id="t19120423-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-138" type="surname" value="CLACK"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-138" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES CLACK</persName> </hi> (father of William Clack), and
<persName id="t19120423-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-139" type="surname" value="REYNOLDS"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-139" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ERNEST REYNOLDS</hi> </persName>, barman at the "Old Hat," generally corro
<lb/>borated the previous witnesses.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ELIZABETH SHACKLE</hi>. I was coming out of the "Halfway House," when I saw standing in the road Higgins, prisoner and Blackler. Prisoner gave Blackler a sort of shove on the shoulder. Blackler said, "I cannot fight." He stood with his hands in his coat pockets. Prisoner punched Blackler in the face or the chest, and Blackler fell to the ground. Prisoner snatched his coat from Higgins and ran away.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-140" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-140" type="surname" value="SPARROW"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-140" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH SPARROW</persName> </hi> and
<hi rend="smallCaps">CAROLINE BIRD</hi> gave much the same account as the witness Shackle.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-141" type="surname" value="MEYER"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-141" type="given" value="RENDLE"/>RENDLE MEYER</persName> </hi>, house surgeon, King Edward's Memorial Hospital, Ealing. Blackler was brought in about 8 p.m. on March 9. He was suffering from concussion; he was unconcious, and remained in that state until his death at 11 a.m. on the 12th. The cause of death was</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230037"/>
<p>fracture of the base of the skull, through the man falling on the back of his head against something.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. There was no sign of a violent blow having been (struck with the fist.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN HEADLEY</hi>, X Division. I arrested prisoner on March 10. He said, "It was a bit of a row started in the 'Old Hat.' Me and Higgins came out and he followed us. He hit me a back-hander, and I pushed him. He fell on the back of his head."</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner bears a very good character. This is the first time he has been in a court of justice.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS DAVIS</hi>, X Division. Upon my formally charging prisoner at Uxbridge Road Police Station he said, "He challenged me to fight and gave me a backhanded blow in the jaw. I pushed him back, and he fell in the road." He volunteered and signed the following statement: ". I went with Higgins to the 'Old Hat.' In the bar a man got up and wanted to fight Higgins. Higgins took his coat off, and I stopped them fighting. Higgins called for some drinks, and they would not serve him, and we left. The same man followed us. He came up to me and said, 'You are the man I want to fight,' and gave me a back-hander in the jaw. I just pushed the man and he fell over on his head in the roadway. He was drunk, so that if anybody just touched him he would fall over."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BLACKLER</hi>. Deceased, my-husband, was never a quarrelsome man.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-142" type="surname" value="AINSWORTH"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-142" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM AINSWORTH</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath) repeated the statement already given.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. When deceased struck me I just gave him a push, not to hurt the man at all. When he fell, I ran away, because I thought he might get up and hit me; he was a much bigger man than me, about 6 ft. 4 in.</p>
<rs id="t19120423-29-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-29-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-29-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>Guilty, with a strong recommendation to mercy.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner was
<rs id="t19120423-29-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-29-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-29-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-29-19120423 t19120423-29-punishment-28"/>released on his own recognisances in £25 to come up for judgment if called upon within the next twelve months.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19120423-30">
<interp inst="t19120423-30" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19120423"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-30" type="date" value="19120423"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19120423-30-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-19120423 t19120423-30-offence-1 t19120423-30-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19120423-30-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-30-19120423 t19120423-30-offence-1 t19120423-30-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-30-19120423" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-30-19120423" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19120423" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19120423" type="surname" value="ANDERSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19120423" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19120423" type="occupation" value="carman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANDERSON</hi>, George (24, carman)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-30-19120423" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-30-19120423" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-30-19120423" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def2-30-19120423" type="surname" value="CHURCHILL"/>
<interp inst="def2-30-19120423" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="def2-30-19120423" type="occupation" value="blacksmith"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHURCHILL</hi>, Joseph (19, blacksmith)</persName>, were indicted for
<rs id="t19120423-30-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-30-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-30-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/> and charged on the coroner's in
<lb/>quisition with the manslaughter of
<persName id="t19120423-name-145" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-145" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-145" type="surname" value="TILBURY"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-145" type="given" value="FRANL FELIX WORTH"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-145" type="occupation" value="army reservist"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19120423-30-offence-1 t19120423-name-145"/>Frank Felix Worth Tilbury</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. E. Percival Clarke prosecuted; Mr. D. Owen Evans defended.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JESSIE COLEY</hi>, 1, Oakley Road, Brixton. Deceased, my. brother, was 27 years old, single, an Army Reservist. He had been lodging with me about two months. He was a kind young fellow and not at all quarrelsome. He was of sober habits. On April 1 he drew his reserve pay out of the Post Office Savings Bank; he came and paid me a certain amount. He left my house between 11.30 and 12 that night; I think he had then upon him £1 5s. I did not again see him alive.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230038"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-146" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-146" type="surname" value="BELLRINGER"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-146" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN BELLRINGER</persName> </hi>, 22, Baker Street, Brixton. On the afternoon of April 1 I was standing at my door talking to Mrs. Med-way; our children were playing about in the street. Tilbury and another man came along; Tilbury, who was intoxicated, stumbled against my little girl and knocked her down. Mrs. Medway said, "That's what comes of looking at other women." The two men and Mrs. Medway then walked through Chryssell Road into Vassall Road towards the "Perseverance" public-house. Later I saw Mrs. Med
<lb/>way go into her house, No. 20, Baker Street, with Tilbury; she in
<lb/>troduced him to me as her cousin. In about half an hour she came out with Tilbury and they went towards the "Perseverance." Later prisoner (who lodged with me) came home; I told him that Mrs. Medway was in her house with a strange young man. Mrs. Stagg, from 24, Baker Street, came in and I told her the same. She went to No. 20 and knocked at the door and told Mrs. Medway that her husband was coming; deceased immediately left the house. Shortly afterwards prisoner left the house, up to then nothing had happened between him and deceased. I know nothing more except that I saw deceased placed on the ambulance.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner was a very good lodger, a sober, hard
<lb/>working man.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-147" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-147" type="surname" value="MEDWAY"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-147" type="given" value="LAURA ELIZABETH"/>LAURA ELIZABETH MEDWAY</persName> </hi>. Deceased was a stranger to me. On this afternoon I had a drink with him and his male friend in the "Per
<lb/>severance," and they then came to my house; after a time the friend left; then Mrs. Stagg came and deceased left; he was the worse for liquor. I saw nothing of what happened afterwards.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-148" type="surname" value="BECKETT"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-148" type="given" value="JOHN HENRY"/>JOHN HENRY BECKETT</persName> </hi>. On April 1 about 4.45 I was outside the "Perseverance," and saw Mrs. Medway talking to Tilbury. I went to my work in Chryssal Road, and later saw Tilbury running, pursued by the two prisoners. Churchill caught up with Tilbury, and hit him on the face on the left side, knocking him against the railings; he broke away to cross the road where he was attacked by Anderson, who struck him a severe blow in the face on the right side; be staggered and fell; Churchill kicked him in the face as he fell. Anderson ran away; Churchill walked away.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. There was a great deal of shouting; besides the prisoners there were other men running after Tilbury; also a woman; it may have been Mrs. Stagg; I am not certain; it may have been Mrs. Medway. I could not do anything to help Tilbury; I am a cripple.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-149" type="surname" value="WARD"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-149" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WARD</persName> </hi>. I saw the two prisoners catch up to Tilbury and attack him. Anderson struck him twice in the back, but could not get a proper blow in; Churchill closed up and struck him on the right side of the face and felled him. Deceased's fall was not from acci
<lb/>dentally tripping; he fell immediately upon Churchill striking him.</p>
<p>Cross-examined: I did not see Beckett.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-150" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-150" type="surname" value="BRYAN"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-150" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE J. BRYAN</persName> </hi>, who was with the previous witness, substantially corroborated his evidence.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230039"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ERNEST KITE</hi>, 847 W, said that he found Tilbury lying on the ground, and took him first to Dr. Bagster and then to the hospital.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-151" type="surname" value="BAGSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-151" type="given" value="CHARLES EDWARD"/>CHARLES EDWARD BAGSTER</persName> </hi>, M.D. When Tilbury was brought to me he was quite insensible, apparently suffering from severe injury to the brain. He had a cut over the left eye, which was considerably bruised; this might have been caused by a blow or a fall; there was blood in the left ear. I applied bandages and sent the man to the hospital.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The injuries might have been caused by the man striking the pavement as he fell.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-152" type="surname" value="MARSDEN"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-152" type="given" value="WALTER GIBSON"/>WALTER GIBSON MARSDEN</persName> </hi>, House Surgeon, St. Thomas's Hospital. Upon Tilbury's admission about 7 p.m. on April 1 he was completely unconscious, breathing heavily, bleeding from the nose and left ear; the left eye was completely closed; there was a wound over the left eye
<lb/>brow. He died at nine o'clock the following night. The post-mortem ex
<lb/>amination showed the cause of death to be laceration and bruising of the brain and cerebral haemorrhage into the brain substance. The skull was fractured; there were three small fissured fractures in the anterior part of the base of the skull, corresponding with the left eye position. Such an injury might have been caused by a very severe blow, but was more likely caused by the man falling upon his left eye on the pave
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE JONES</hi>, 1020 W. After assisting Kite to take Tilbury to the doctor, I went to 26, Baker Street, and saw Chur
<lb/>chill. I told him I should arrest him for causing grievous bodily harm to an unknown man in Chryssal Road. He said, "I did not strike him; I went to, but the other man had him first."</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Churchill was at his home; he had not run away. I know nothing about him or about Anderson.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK PEPLER</hi>, W Division. On the evening of April 11 went to 22, Baker Street, and saw Anderson. I said, "I believe you know something of this assault case." He said, "Yes; he called my wife a prostitute; I asked him what he meant by it, and at the same time pushed him on the shoulder; he then struck me on the eye and ran away; Churchill then chased him, but the fellow fell down on his face; he was drunk." Upon the death of Tilbury prisoners were charged with manslaughter. Anderson said, "We will wait till the result of the inquest and see what they say; I don't know where the manslaughter comes in." Churchill made no reply.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-153" type="surname" value="ANDERSON"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-153" type="given" value="GEORGE HAROLD"/>GEORGE HAROLD ANDERSON</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I am a fish hawker, of 22, Baker Street. On April 1, after returning home from work, I went out with my wife. In Chryssal Road I saw Tilbury quarrelling with Mrs. Stagg. The latter said that Mrs. Medway had been in with him for no good; she was a married woman. My wife chimed in. Tilbury called my wife a prostitute. That was enough to make a man angry, and I went to push Tilbury on the shoulder, and he struck me on the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230040"/>
<p>left eye and ran away. I gave chase, caught him up, and struck him once on the shoulder and once in the side; then I fell down and cut my face. Churchill, who was also following, passed me and caught up to Tilbury; I cannot say whether he struck him. Tilbury was the worse for drink. Churchill was a stranger to me.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. When Tilbury called my wife a prostitute I struck him and he hit me back; then I struck him again, in self-defnce. He ran away, and I gave chase to give him some more, but I did not strike him again. I did not see him fall; I should think he tripped, he being drunk. It gave me a fright, and I went home. I was quite sober; I do not drink. I deny that I kicked Tilbury.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-154" type="surname" value="CHURCHILL"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-154" type="given" value="JOSEPH ALFRED"/>JOSEPH ALFRED CHURCHILL</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). On this evening I was at home (26, Baker Street) when I heard screams. I ran out and saw a crowd running by. Mrs. Stagg shouted out to me to stop Tilbury. I ran after him. I never struck him. I was just behind him, near to the railings, when he fell, through exhaustion I reckon, or he may have tripped. I walked away. I had never seen the man before.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I never meant to strike Tilbury; I was about to claim hold on him when he fell. I did not see Anderson. I never struck or kicked Tilbury. When I said to Jones, "I did not strike him, I went to," that is not correct; I said it on the impulse of the moment. I admit that I was about to strike him and about to claim hold of him at the same time.</p>
<p>Verdict: Anderson,
<rs id="t19120423-30-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-30-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-30-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>Guilty (with a recommendation to mercy)</rs>; Churchill,
<rs id="t19120423-30-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-30-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-30-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>(April 26). Sentence (Anderson):
<rs id="t19120423-30-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-30-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-30-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-19120423 t19120423-30-punishment-29"/>Nine months' imprisonment, second division.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE RECORDER</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, April 25.)</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19120423-31" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19120423"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-31" type="date" value="19120423"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19120423-31-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-31-19120423 t19120423-31-offence-1 t19120423-31-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-31-19120423" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-31-19120423" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19120423" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19120423" type="surname" value="EARL"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19120423" type="given" value="CHARLES RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19120423" type="occupation" value="seaman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EARL</hi>, Charles Richard (19, seaman)</persName>
<rs id="t19120423-31-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-31-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-31-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, feloniously attempting to discharge a revolver at
<persName id="t19120423-name-156" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-156" type="surname" value="SICKLE"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-156" type="given" value="ALBERT JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19120423-31-offence-1 t19120423-name-156"/>Albert James Sickle</persName>, with intent to prevent the lawful apprehension and detainer of himself, the said C.R. Earl; (second count) with intent to do him grievous bodily harm. Feloni
<lb/>ously attempting to discharge a revolver at
<persName id="t19120423-name-157" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-157" type="surname" value="LLOYD"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-157" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19120423-31-offence-1 t19120423-name-157"/>Edward Lloyd</persName>, with in
<lb/>tent to resist the lawful apprehension and detainer of himself, the said C.R. Earl; (second count) with intent to do him grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19120423-31-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-31-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-31-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>pleaded guilty to the first count of the indictment relating to Sickle.</rs> </p>
<p>The offence was committed when prisoner was being arrested as a deserter from the Navy.</p>
<rs id="t19120423-31-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-31-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-31-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-31-19120423 t19120423-31-punishment-30"/>Nine months' hard labour</rs>.</p>
<p>A.J. Sickle, a private citizen, was commended by the Court for his courageous behaviour.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19120423-32">
<interp inst="t19120423-32" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19120423"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-32" type="date" value="19120423"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19120423-32-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-32-19120423 t19120423-32-offence-1 t19120423-32-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19120423-32-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-32-19120423 t19120423-32-offence-1 t19120423-32-verdict-2"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230041"/>
<persName id="def1-32-19120423" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-32-19120423" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19120423" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19120423" type="surname" value="CALLIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19120423" type="given" value="JAMES THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19120423" type="occupation" value="newsvendor"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CALLIS</hi>, James Thomas (19, newsvendor)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-32-19120423" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-32-19120423" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-32-19120423" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def2-32-19120423" type="surname" value="GILBERT"/>
<interp inst="def2-32-19120423" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def2-32-19120423" type="occupation" value="newsvendor"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GILBERT</hi>, James (18, newsvendor)</persName>
<rs id="t19120423-32-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-32-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-32-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, breaking and entering the shop of
<persName id="t19120423-name-160" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-160" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19120423-32-offence-1 t19120423-name-160"/>Lockharts, Limited</persName>, and stealing there from 6s. 5 3/4 d., their moneys.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19120423-32-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-32-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-32-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> .</p>
<p>Mr. Brodrick prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WALTER CROSS</hi>, 67 B. At 10 p.m., on March 19, I was on duty in Queen Victoria Street, when I found from the base
<lb/>ment window at the back of Lockharts' premises a piece of glass had been taken and a piece of cardboard had been placed over it. I had the premises surrounded and subsequently saw Callis coming out of the window. I arrested him. He complained of an injury to his right knee and he was taken to the hospital. After his wound had been stitched up I took him to the station. In his boots I found 4s. 4 1/2 d. He made this statement (Exhibit 1), which he signed.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN WOOTTON</hi>, City Police. In consequence of certain information, at 2 a.m. on March 19 I went with Detective Bet-tridge to 97, Elm Street, a common lodging-house. We there saw Gilbert in bed. We told him we were police officers and said that Callis was in custody for breaking and entering Lockharts, 115, Queen Victoria Street, and that Callis had made a statement to the effect that he, Gilbert, was concerned with him. He said, "I'll punch Callis on the nose when I see him." On the way to the station he said, "There was only two of us. I stopped outside. When I saw the copper had a 'rumble' I cleared off and left Callis there." At the station Callis's statement (Exhibit 1) was read to him and he said, "Callis asked me to go with him. He told me to smash the window and I smashed the window. It is not all true in the statement." When charged he said, "I know nothing about the money."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-161" type="surname" value="HUMPHREYS"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-161" type="given" value="GEORGE JAMES"/>GEORGE JAMES HUMPHREYS</persName> </hi>, manager, Messrs. Lockharts, 111, Queen Victoria Street. At 7 p.m. on March 19 I left this window on the premises all right, I fastened it myself. At seven the following morning I found it broken. The staff fund box had been broken open and the money was gone, the tobacco box was missing and the top of the cash register was broken—it had contained two or three shillings, but it was now empty. We missed about 5s. or 6s. in all.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE MUGGRIDGE</hi>, 20 B. At 10 p.m. on March 19 I went to these premises. The rear of the premises was open. Looking over the shop window I saw Callis behind the counter. I called to him to come out. The cash-register till had been removed from the shop on the ground Floor into the basement; the three drawers had been forced. The tobacco box and the staff box had been forced. I found 2s. 1 1/2 d. on a gas stove on the ground floor.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-162" type="surname" value="GILBERT"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-162" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES GILBERT</persName> </hi> (prisoner) being called upon for his defence, stated that he had nothing to say.</p>
<rs id="t19120423-32-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-32-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-32-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Against Callis two convictions were proved in March and June, 1911, on the first of which he was bound over, and on the second was sentenced to 14 days' hard labour. In October, 1911, he was sentenced</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230042"/>
<p>to two months' hard labour as a rogue and vagabond. Gilbert had been bound over for 12 months in 1911.</p>
<p>Sentences: Callis,
<rs id="t19120423-32-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-32-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-32-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="otherInstitution"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-32-19120423 t19120423-32-punishment-31"/>Three years</rs>, Gilbert
<rs id="t19120423-32-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-32-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-32-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="otherInstitution"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-32-19120423 t19120423-32-punishment-32"/> Two and a half years', deten
<lb/>tion in a Borstal Institution.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19120423-33">
<interp inst="t19120423-33" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19120423"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-33" type="date" value="19120423"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19120423-33-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-19120423 t19120423-33-offence-1 t19120423-33-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19120423-33-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-33-19120423 t19120423-33-offence-1 t19120423-33-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-33-19120423" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-33-19120423" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19120423" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19120423" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19120423" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19120423" type="occupation" value="chef"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WOOD</hi>, James (32, chef)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-33-19120423" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-33-19120423" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-33-19120423" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def2-33-19120423" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="def2-33-19120423" type="given" value="VIVIAN"/>
<interp inst="def2-33-19120423" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">TAYLOR</hi>, Vivian (20, clerk)</persName>
<rs id="t19120423-33-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-33-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-33-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, break
<lb/>ing and entering the counting-house of
<persName id="t19120423-name-165" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-165" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-165" type="surname" value="LAWRENCE"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-165" type="given" value="GEORGE HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19120423-33-offence-1 t19120423-name-165"/>George Henry Lawrence</persName> and others and stealing therein one bag, one coat, and other articles, the goods of
<persName id="t19120423-name-166" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-166" type="surname" value="LAWRENCE"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-166" type="given" value="GEORGE HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19120423-33-offence-1 t19120423-name-166"/>George Henry Lawrence</persName>.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19120423-33-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-33-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-33-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> .</p>
<p>Mr. Kent prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-167" type="surname" value="SILVERSIDE"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-167" type="given" value="CHARLES GUY"/>CHARLES GUY SILVERSIDE</persName> </hi>, clerk to Blandford, Lawrence and Hann, accountants, Gresham House, Old Broad Street. On March 18, at 6 p.m., I left the office locked up properly. When I arrived on the following morning at 9.10 I found the private door wide open and a piece cut from the glass panel nearest the lock. There were some blood
<lb/>stains on the door and the glass panel was also cracked right across.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-168" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-168" type="surname" value="LAWRENCE"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-168" type="given" value="GEORGE HENRY"/>GEORGE HENRY LAWRENCE</persName> </hi>, partner in Brandford, Lawrence and Hann, accountants, corroborated previous witness as to the state of the private door on the morning of March 19, and added: On entering the office I found that most of the drawers of the clerks had been left open and on searching I missed the articles in this list (Exhibit 7), which I now identify as mine; in addition I missed a frock coat, a vest, and a pair of eye-glasses. I estimate the total value of the articles at £4. Prisoner had been in our employ about three weeks as a junior clerk. We paid him on March 16 his wages (I think they were £1), but he never returned, although we had not given him and he had not given us notice.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Taylor. There is not a sleeve link on this list (Exhibit 7.)</p>
<p>Detective-sergeant Hubert Smith, City Police. On the morning of March 19 I was called to these offices, and I inspected the premises. I found the panel of the private door was broken sufficiently to allow a small hand to go through. The place was in disorder. On March 23 I went to 63, Wells Street, where I saw Taylor. I told him I was a police officer, and said, "Is your name Vivian Gordon Taylor?" He said, "Yes." I said, "I am making enquiries regarding property stolen from Messrs. Blandford, Lawrence and Hann on the 19th by means of office breaking. He said, "I do not know anything about it.' I found in his room this bag, containing the things mentioned in this list (Exhibit 7). (Witness produced the articles identified by Mr. Lawrence as his property.) I asked him how he had become possessed of them. This envelope (Exhibit 2), containing letters, which I also found in the bag, he said was his property, and the other articles, including the bag, he said belonged to a lodger named French. He said, "I first saw them on Wednesday. I knew they belonged to Mr. Blandford." I also found this sleeve link in the bag; prisoner was wearing the fellow to it; he said it was his. I asked him where he was on the 19th, and he said, "I was in bed till 12 o'clock (I took him to mean mid-day). French went out about 6.30 a.m." I found that</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230043"/>
<p>"French" and Wood were the same person, and that he occupied the same room as Taylor I asked him where French was, and he said, "I do not know. I have got an appointment with a money lender at 2 o'clock in High Holborn." I asked him if French knew of the appointment, and he said, "Yes." I followed him to High Holborn, where he was joined by Wood, who was wearing the frock coat. I asked him to remove a glove that he had on his right hand. He did so, and found his hand bleeding. I arrested him, and asked Taylor to accompany me to the station, which he did. Wood said, "It is nothing to do with him," meaning Taylor. When charged at the station neither made any reply. (To Taylor.) I am certain you said that you recognised all the things as belonging to Mr. Blandford. The sleeve link and the letters were in the bag when I first saw them. I did not put them in there when I was in the room with you.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-169" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-169" type="given" value="VIVIAN"/>VIVIAN TAYLOR</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath) read a long statement to the effect that he was innocent of the offence of breaking into these premises and stealing these articles or of giving any information concerning the premises to Wood; and the reason of his leaving on the Saturday prior to this offence without giving due notice was that two of his former acquaintances had threatened to expose to his employers that he owed them money; realising that he could not pay this by the following Monday, which they had insisted upon, he had not returned; that he had written to his employers informing them of this; that on. the evening of March 20 he was in the room occupied by himself and Wood, when he saw some articles which he recognised as belonging to Mr. Blandford; that this made him suspicious, but he had not sufficient courage to report the matter, as he felt that the blame would be attached to him. (To the Court.) Wood used to walk with me to business in the morning. I put the envelope containing the letters and the sleeve link into the bag at the request of the detective.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I thought these friends of mine would come to the office and tell my employers that I owed them money; their names were Witt and Gibbon; I owed them £2 10s. for a suit of clothes. On the Monday morning after leaving business I changed my address from Oakley Square to Wells Street temporarily. I have known Wood about five months; I did not ask him where he got these things from because I could not prove anything, and it was no business of mine. Verdict,
<rs id="t19120423-33-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-33-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-33-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty of felonious receiving.</rs> </p>
<p>Taylor confessed to a previous conviction of felony at the Newing
<lb/>ton Sessions on September 21, 1909, when he was sentenced to six months' hard labour. A subsequent conviction for stealing in 1910 was proved. It was stated that he was an associate of bad characters; and he had been befriended by the prosecutor on his previous con
<lb/>viction. Three previous convictions in 1910 were proved against Wood.</p>
<p>Sentence (each):
<rs id="t19120423-33-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-33-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-33-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-19120423 t19120423-33-punishment-33"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-33-19120423 t19120423-33-punishment-33"/>Twenty months' hard labour.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230044"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, April 25.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19120423-34">
<interp inst="t19120423-34" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19120423"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-34" type="date" value="19120423"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19120423-34-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-34-19120423 t19120423-34-offence-1 t19120423-34-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-34-19120423" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-34-19120423" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19120423" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19120423" type="surname" value="ZELIGMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19120423" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19120423" type="occupation" value="tailor"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ZELIGMAN</hi>, Harry (17, tailor)</persName>
<rs id="t19120423-34-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-34-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-34-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19120423-34-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-34-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-34-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="extortion"/>, of feloniously sending to
<persName id="t19120423-name-171" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-171" type="surname" value="COHEN"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-171" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19120423-34-offence-1 t19120423-name-171"/>John Cohen</persName> a certain letter demanding with menaces the sum of £10.</rs> </p>
<p>Evidence of good character having been given,
<rs id="t19120423-34-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-34-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-34-punishment-34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-34-19120423 t19120423-34-punishment-34"/> prisoner was bound over in his own recognisances in £10 and his father in £20 to come up for judgment if called upon.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19120423-35">
<interp inst="t19120423-35" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19120423"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-35" type="date" value="19120423"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19120423-35-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-35-19120423 t19120423-35-offence-1 t19120423-35-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19120423-35-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-35-19120423 t19120423-35-offence-1 t19120423-35-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-35-19120423" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-35-19120423" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19120423" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19120423" type="surname" value="MORRIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19120423" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19120423" type="occupation" value="shoemaker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MORRIS</hi>, James (30, shoemaker)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-35-19120423" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-35-19120423" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-35-19120423" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def2-35-19120423" type="surname" value="REYNOLDS"/>
<interp inst="def2-35-19120423" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def2-35-19120423" type="occupation" value="dealer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">REYNOLDS</hi>, William (30, dealer)</persName>
<rs id="t19120423-35-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-35-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-35-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, both unlawfully possessing counterfeit coin with intent to utter the same.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Beaumont Morice prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK COPLEY</hi>, J Division. On March 18 at 5.30 p.m. with Detective Cleary, I saw prisoners in Aldersgate Street Rail
<lb/>way Station acting suspiciously. We followed them into Long Lane, where I arrested Morris. He said, "I have done nothing." Cleary. arrested Reynolds. They were taken to Snow Hill Police Station and detained art) the back of the charge-room. I heard Reynolds say to Morris, "Bung them quickly." I saw Morris removing his right hand from the pocket of an officer's coat (produced), which was hanging up. Cleary said, "What have you put in that pocket?" and felt in the pocket. Reynolds said, "I thought you had got us." Cleary took from the pocket 13 counterfeit florins wrapped separately in paper. They were then charged with possessing counterfeit coin. They made no reply. As they were being taken to the cells Morris said, "If you feel in the pocket you will find three more." Reynolds said, "That is right. There were 16 when we found them in Old Street." I felt in the pocket, but found no others. The prisoners were searched. On Reynolds was found 4s. 7 1/2 d. and on Morris 1s. 1d. good money. When they said they found them in Old Street I pointed out to them that it was a very muddy day and that the paper in which the coins were wrapped was quite clean.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have known Reynolds for some considerable time. At the station I only saw him talking to Morris. Reynolds gave his address. I went to his house and saw his wife. He told me to tell her not to worry.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">AMBROSE CLEARY</hi>, G Division, corroborated. Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">SIDNEY TOMLINSON</hi>, 365 City. Coat produced is mine. It was hanging in the charge room. There were no bad coins in it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-174" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-174" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-174" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-174" type="given" value="SIDNEY WILLIAM"/>SIDNEY WILLIAM SMITH</persName> </hi>, assistant assayer, H.M. Mint. The 13 coins produced are counterfeit florins all made from the same mould.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-175" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-175" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-175" type="surname" value="MORRIS"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-175" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES MORRIS</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). On March 18 I left 53, Bruns
<lb/>wick Street, Hackney Road, where I work, at 4.30 p.m. with the intention of going to see my brother in Roscoe Street, Bunhill Row.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230045"/>
<p>I had a glass of beer in a public-house in Aldersgate Street when I saw a small bundle of rags under the seat, which I picked up and left the public-house. I found inside a roll of newspaper, and was greatly surprised to see a lot of 2s. pieces wrapped singly in paper. To avoid the crowd I went into Aldersgate Station, intending to take a ticket to Edgware Road and examine them in the lavatory, and if they were bad I should have thrown them down the open lavatory. If they were good I own I should have changed them, as we were not in very good circumstances. As I approached the ticket office I saw Reynolds beckoning to me, and followed him out into Long Lane, when Detective Copley stopped me and said, "What is the game?" I got frightened about the coins, and replied, "What is the matter? I have got nothing." When I got in the charge-room I saw the coat hanging behind the door, and knowing that I could not prove where I got these 2s. pieces, and thinking I should get into trouble about them, I deter
<lb/>mined to put them in the jacket pocket, and did so. Reynolds never said, "Bung them"—he knew nothing of my having them. I gave a wrong name and address because I was afraid of losing my situation.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-176" type="surname" value="REYNOLDS"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-176" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM REYNOLDS</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I live at 2, Longmore Road, Bancroft Road, Mile End. On the day of my arrest I left home at 11 a.m. and saw my father at his yard at 16, Jacob Walk, Green Street, Bethnal Green, and got a few shillings from him. I was getting my living selling second-hand furniture, and I went to an auction sale in Euston Road to try and buy a cheap lot with the few shillings I had. Coming down Aldersgate Street on my way home I recognised Morris, whose name I did not know, ran after him into the booking office in Aldersgate Station, and called to him. He came out, and I said, "I will see you in a few minutes, "and went on. Detective Copley, seeing me call to the man, naturally enough, knowing something against me, thought I was with him. I waited, thinking Morris was coming back, when Cleary came up and said, "I want you." I was taken to the station and charged as a suspected person. I there saw Morris. I had no idea of anything wrong, and was sitting in the room adjoining the charge-room when Cleary asked Tomlinson if he had' any
<lb/>thing in his pocket that did not belong to him. He then found these coins in the pocket. Copley said, "It surprises me. I never thought anything of that." I said, "How is it you charge me with this man? I am nothing at all to do with him." I gave my name and address. Copley said, "Bill"—because he knew me—"tell me all you know about this! and I will get you out of it." I said, "Believe me from the bottom of my heart, if I never see my wife and children again, I do not know how this man became possessed of these things. I cannot tell you any
<lb/>thing. I have only just met the man." Copley said, "We know you know nothing about it." I did not know that Morris was doing any
<lb/>thing wrong. If my wife is in court I can prove that Copley is not so honest as he appears to be, because four years ago he tried to entice my wife to do wrong. (Prisoner was warned by the Common Serjeant that it might not be wise for him to attack the officer's character.) My wife told me so; I believe it is true.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230046"/>
<p>Cross-examined. I knew Morris by eight, and have dealt with him in furniture. I called him "Jack." I have seen him with a barrow. I did not say, "I thought you had got us." I did not see Morris put his hand to the coat or tell him to "Bung them quickly."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-177" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-177" type="surname" value="REYNOLDS"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-177" type="given" value="BEATRICE"/>BEATRICE REYNOLDS</persName> </hi>, wife of the prisoner Reynolds, corroborated him with regard to his movements on March 18 and his dealings in furni
<p>Verdict: Morris,
<rs id="t19120423-35-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-35-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-35-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>; Reynolds,
<rs id="t19120423-35-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-35-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-35-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Seven convictions were proved against Morris, including three years' penal servitude in December, 1906, for warehouse breaking loitering, etc. He was liberated on August 27, 1910, and had since been at work. No previous coinage offence.</p>
<p>Sentence (Morris),
<rs id="t19120423-35-punishment-35" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-35-punishment-35" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-35-punishment-35" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-35-19120423 t19120423-35-punishment-35"/>Twelve months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19120423-36" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19120423"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-36" type="date" value="19120423"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19120423-36-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-36-19120423 t19120423-36-offence-1 t19120423-36-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19120423-36-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-36-19120423 t19120423-36-offence-2 t19120423-36-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-36-19120423" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-36-19120423" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19120423" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19120423" type="surname" value="SAUNDERS"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19120423" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19120423" type="occupation" value="tailor"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SAUNDERS</hi>, John (26, tailor)</persName>
<rs id="t19120423-36-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-36-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-36-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19120423-36-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-36-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-36-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, of stealing one bale of drapery, the goods of
<persName id="t19120423-name-179" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-179" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-179" type="surname" value="DAVIES"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-179" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19120423-36-offence-1 t19120423-name-179"/>Thomas Davies</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner confessed to having been convicted of felony at this Court on September 10, 1907.</p>
<p>Prisoner pleaded not guilty of being a
<rs id="t19120423-36-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-36-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-36-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="habitualCriminal"/>habitual criminal</rs>.</p>
<p>Service of the notices and fiat of the Director of Public Prosecutions were proved; also three Statutory convictions as follows: North Lon
<lb/>don Sessions, June 20, 1905, 12 months' hard labour for larceny; at this Court, September 10, 1907, three years' penal servitude for stealing; London Sessions, March 1, 1910, 21 months' hard labour + and licence revoked for stealing. Seven other convictions were proved. Stated to have been a persistent thief for the past ten years. On March 1, 1910, was indicted as a habitual criminal with two others who were convicted as such, but prisoner was acquitted. He was stated to have occasionally worked selling vegetables from a barrow.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN NEWING</hi>. In February, 1910, when I had prisoner in custody, I made inquiries and found that when he came out from his previous sentence of penal servitude he had bought vegetables and sold them in the street, but had gone back to his old associates.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-180" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-180" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-180" type="surname" value="NOREY"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-180" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN NOREY</persName> </hi>, greengrocer, 9, Leech Street, St. Luke's. Prisoner has worked honestly for me in 1901, 1902, 1903, and 1904 when out of prison; also in December, 1911</p>
<rs id="t19120423-36-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-36-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-36-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>. Sentence postponed to Tuesday next.</p>
<p>(Tuesday, April 30.)</p>
<p>The Oommon Serjeant. I postponed sentence in this case because I had some difficulty in dealing with it on the doubt whether a prisoner under 30 years ought to be treated as a habitual criminal. You seem to have studied the law and practice on the subject. You are quite right that a recent Home Secretary issued a circular directed to the release authorities (but, by another circular also, to the judges), stating certain conditions which in his opinion ought to be observed in dealing with offenders under this Act, which enables habitual criminals to</p>
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<p>be detained after a period of penal servitude; and, according to the circular sent out, expresses his opinion that, unless there are strong special reasons, an offender must be over the age of 30 years before he is dealt with as a habitual criminal. Looking at the Statute I find that. while the regulations for the treatment of habitual criminals, when sentenced to preventive detention, appear to make regulations with regard to the detention, as to which by the Statute power is vested in the Secretary of State, the discretion, the determination whether an offender is a fit subject to be treated as a habitual criminal is reposed in the Director of Public Prosecutions, who is appointed with reference to his special knowledge of the administration of the criminal law—knowledge of crime and offenders; and the Director of Public Prosecutions has given his certificate, which is to the effect that yours is a case fit for treatment under the Act. Every circular to judges from the Home Office of course the judges must treat, and would treat, with the greatest consideration; but I must obey the Act of Parliament, which places in the hands of the Director of Public Prosecutions the determination, the decision, of what offenders are fit to be dealt with under the Act, and under these circumstances I am at least at liberty to trust to his ability to exercise his own judgment. The Act appears to be not only an Act for the benefit of old offenders for the protection of the public to prevent them from preying upon society, but it is also to my mind clearly an Act intended for the benefit of those who are habitual offenders. It makes special provision for the reform, if possible, off those who are habitual criminals, and their treatment in such a way that they shall learn by work to regain their position. In my own judgment and discretion I cannot help feeling that yours is one of the very few cases in view of which the Act was framed. Therefore, instead of sentencing you to a long period of penal servitude, I am at liberty, if I feel it my duty, to sentence you under the special Act which is provided for such cases as yours. The sentence upon you is that you be kept in
<rs id="t19120423-36-punishment-36" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-36-punishment-36" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-36-punishment-36" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-36-19120423 t19120423-36-punishment-36"/>penal servitude for Three years</rs>, to be
<rs id="t19120423-36-punishment-37" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-36-punishment-37" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-36-punishment-37" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="preventiveDetention"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-36-19120423 t19120423-36-punishment-37"/>followed by Five years' preventive detention.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MR. JUSTICE COLERIDGE</hi>.</p>
<p>(Friday, April 26.)</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19120423-37" type="date" value="19120423"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19120423-37-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-37-19120423 t19120423-37-offence-2 t19120423-37-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-37-19120423" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-37-19120423" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19120423" type="age" value="45"/>
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<interp inst="def1-37-19120423" type="given" value="HUGH LAWRENSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19120423" type="occupation" value=""/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">AMES</hi>, Hugh Lawrenson (45)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-37-19120423" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-37-19120423" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-37-19120423" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def2-37-19120423" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="def2-37-19120423" type="given" value="FLORA MATILDA"/>
<interp inst="def2-37-19120423" type="occupation" value=""/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILSON</hi>, Flora Matilda (40), (otherwise
<rs id="t19120423-alias-4" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-37-19120423 t19120423-alias-4"/> Flora Matilda Ames</rs>).</persName> Ames,
<rs id="t19120423-37-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-37-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-37-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19120423-name-183" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-183" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-183" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-183" type="given" value="FLORA MATILDA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19120423-37-offence-1 t19120423-name-183"/>Flora Matilda Wilson</persName>, his former wife being then alive;</rs> Wilson,
<rs id="t19120423-37-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-37-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-37-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>feloniously marrying H.L. Ames, her former husband being then alive; feloniously aiding and abetting the said H.L. Ames to commit the felony aforesaid.</rs> </p>
<p>Bath prisoners pleaded not guilty.
<rs id="t19120423-37-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-37-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-37-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>Subsequently, Ames stated that his plea was given in error, and, on the advice of his counsel, "from the technical point of view," he pleaded guilty</rs>. Wilson also corrected</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230048"/>
<p>her pleas into
<rs id="t19120423-37-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-37-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-37-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>guilty of bigamy, not guilty of aiding and abetting Ames to commit the felony.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Muir and Mr. Graham-Campbell prosecuted; Mr. George Elliott, K.C. and Mr. Frampton appeared for prisoners.</p>
<p>Mr. Muir said that, upon the indictment to which Wilson had pleaded not guilty, there would arise difficulty in technical proof of knowledge by her that Ames's wife was alive, and the prosecution would be content to leave the pleas as they stood. Wilson was married in London in September, 1897, to Mr. Charles Northesk Wilson, who was still alive. Before that she was the wife of Colonel Montinaro, whom she divorced. Ames was married in 1890 to Miss Kate Palmer, and his wife was still alive. The two prisoners entered into a marriage in England on January 27, 1911. They were both described in the certificate as previously married on June 29, 1910, at Oakland, Cali
<lb/>fornia. The gravity of the offence and the public importance of it was that these two persons obviously set out to America in order to procure in America a so-called divorce for the male prisoner, which divorce could only be procured by means of perjury committed in America, which perjury was, in fact, committed by both prisoners for that purpose. Having by means of perjured testimony on the part of both procured a decree for the dissolution of the marriage between the male prisoner and his wife, they entered into a ceremony of marriage in Idaho on June 29, 1910. They then returned to England and went through the marriage ceremony here on January 27, 1911. Wilson brought a suit for divorce against her own husband, in the course of that suit the documents in the American proceedings came before the court, and the facts were laid before the Director of Public Prosecutions. Counsel then detailed the false evidence given by both prisoners in America in order to procure the divorce of Ames from his wife.</p>
<p>Mr. George Elliott, on behalf of the prisoners, reminded his Lordship that none of the grave aspects usual in bigamy charges were present in this case. Wilson had not been deceived or induced by any false representations of Ames to go through the form of marriage. As to the proceedings in America, Ames believed that, as he had acquired property in that country, his wife enjoyed the same status with him, and it was in that state of circumstances that the American divorce was obtained. Both these prisoners bona-fide believed, when they went through the ceremony of marriage, that they were free to do so.</p>
<p>Sentence (each prisoner):
<rs id="t19120423-37-punishment-38" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-37-punishment-38" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-37-punishment-38" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-37-19120423 t19120423-37-punishment-38"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-37-19120423 t19120423-37-punishment-38"/>Six months' imprisonment, second division.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<persName id="def1-38-19120423" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-38-19120423" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19120423" type="age" value="49"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19120423" type="surname" value="WEBB"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19120423" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19120423" type="occupation" value="carman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WEBB</hi>, James (49, carman)</persName>
<rs id="t19120423-38-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-38-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-38-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>, carnally knowing
<persName id="t19120423-name-185" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-185" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-185" type="surname" value="WEBB"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-185" type="given" value="EUGENIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19120423-38-offence-1 t19120423-name-185"/>Eugenie Webb,</persName> knowing her to be his daughter. (Heard in camera; Punishment of. Incest Act, 1908.)</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19120423-38-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-38-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-38-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230049"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE RECORDER</hi>.</p>
<p>(Friday, April 26.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19120423-39">
<interp inst="t19120423-39" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19120423"/>
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<persName id="def1-39-19120423" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-39-19120423" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19120423" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19120423" type="surname" value="FIDLER"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19120423" type="given" value="EDWIN ALFRED"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19120423" type="occupation" value="commissionaire"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FIDLER</hi>, Edwin Alfred (23, commissionaire)</persName>
<rs id="t19120423-39-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-39-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-39-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, stealing a postal packet containing a postal order for 10s. 6d. and five penny postage stamps, the property of
<persName id="t19120423-name-187" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-187" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19120423-39-offence-1 t19120423-name-187"/>His Majesty's Postmaster-General</persName>, he being an officer of the Post Office.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Forster Boulton prosecuted; Mr. J.D. Fitzgerald defended.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-188" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-188" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-188" type="surname" value="BRODIE"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-188" type="given" value="MALCOLM"/>MALCOLM BRODIE</persName> </hi>, clerk, Secretary's Office, G.P.O. In consequence of losses of letters containing postal orders passing through the Thread
<lb/>needle Street office, I began making investigations. There are two counters inside that office, and the postal-order counter is on the right side as you enter; it is the nearest department to the lobby where the commissionaire, the prisoner, stand; from the door he would be able to see anything that goes on at the counter. On April 15 I made up a test packet containing five penny stamps, which I marked with my initials and the date in invisible ink, and a letter, and I went to that office and bought a 10s. 6d. postal order at 8.15 a.m.; prisoner, the commissionaire, was standing at the door of the lobby about two yards away from me at the time. At the counter I put the postal order in the envelope, sealed it down securely with stamp edging, and posted it in the "Town "box outside, The envelope was pink. I next saw prisoner at the G.P.O. at 2 p.m. I told him who I was and that I had been making enquiries with regard to losses of letters containing postal orders at Threadneedle Street. I cautioned him and told him that this test packet I had made up had not-been received; I described him its contents and told him when and where I had posted it. I said, "There is reason to think you took the letter from the basement. Do you wish to say anything about it?" He said, "Yes; I picked the letter up in the basement. I have the postal order in my pocket.' He then produced the postal order and four loose penny stamps: I applied acid to the stamps and found they bore my initials and the date. When I had originally enclosed the five stamps they were not separated. I asked him what he had done with the envelope, and he said he had torn it up. I asked him what had become of the fifth stamp and he said he had used it to send for a catalogue to Gamages'. I gave him into custody. He said nothing when charged.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. He did not prevaricate or attempt to run away; he has told the same story from start to finish. I produce three other postal orders that I have heard he cashed the same morning at Thread
<lb/>needle Street post office; their values are 3s., 4s., and 3s. (Exhibit 4). Between the postal-order counter and the lobby there is hardly a door at all; there is an opening. I am sure that the counter is not in a recess. When enclosing the postal order I could see out of the corner of my eye that he was watching me. I did not see him watching me posting the letter. This is my first case; I have been working under an experienced officer throughout. I know prisoner has only one arm. I have never been down to the basement of this office.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230050"/>
<p>Re-examined. One of the stamps on these postal orders (Exhibit 4) I identify as one I put into the test packet.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-189" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-189" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-189" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-189" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY SMITH</persName> </hi>, clerk, Investigation Branch, G.P.O. At 8.15 a.m. on April 15 I was on duty outside the Threadneedle Street post office when I saw Brodie enter the office. At 8.20 he came out of the front entrance and posted a letter in the "Town" aperture. Just a few seconds before prisoner came out of the private entrance, used only by officials, and stood on the kerb about two yards away from the post office and watched Brodie post the letter. He then returned by the private entrance.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. It would not be part of prisoner's duty to watch or to enter the public office; it was his duty to remain in the lobby He does not have to act as a messenger; I understand he looks after the keys and has to see that nobody but officials enter the office by that side entrance. I am familiar with the inside of the building. There is a shoot from the letter-boxes down which the letters go into bags which are enclosed in cupboards, the doors of which shut with a click. I have been in the Investigation branch six years. I heard of those doors being accidentally left open on one occasion. No doubt it does happen that a letter sometimes over-shoots the mark and goes into the cupboard. I have also heard of a letter having jammed in the shoot. I heard that on one occasion prisoner handed five such letters he had found to the overseer, but it was not in these boxes he found them. (To the Court. These boxes are emptied every hour. It was not part of prisoner's duty to see whether there were any letters stuck in the shoot.) It is certainly his duty if he finds letters in the wrong place to hand them to his superior officer.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I have made a thorough examination of the box in which Brodie posted the letter and, as far as I can see, it is perfectly in order.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-190" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-190" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-190" type="surname" value="BLUNDELL"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-190" type="given" value="GEORGE HENRY"/>GEORGE HENRY BLUNDELL</persName> </hi>, Inspector, Threadneedle Street Post Office. I have been there on and off for seven years. Prisoner was employed there as a commissionaire. If by a mischance a letter did not all into the bag it would fall into the cupboard at the side of the bag, but this is very unusual, unless there is a lot posted; occasionally they stick on the top of the ledge between the woodwork and the zinc. It is the duty of the postman alone to unlock the door, take the bag from the cupboard, seal the bag, and lock the door again. When he comes on duty at about 8.45 a.m. he gets the keys from the com
<lb/>missionaire, in whose charge they are, and he retains them till he leaves at about 8.15 p.m., when he returns them to the commissionaire. 9 a.m. is the first despatch and 8 p.m. the last. The post-boxes are shut between 8 p.m. and 8 a.m.; the commissionaire locks them up at night. There is easy access from the lobby to the cupboards. The room in which the cupboards are is only used by the staff for cooking their dinner and keeping coals. If an official finds a letter it is his duty to hand it to the assistant superintendent or, if he is not there, to me. I come at 11 a.m. and leave at 7.15 p.m.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230051"/>
<p>Cross-examined. If he found a letter on the floor of the despatch-room it would be his duty to hand it to me, if I was downstairs at the time. It would not be possible for a single letter to get out of the cupboard on to the floor if the door was left open. I have seen the cupboard doors open and told the postman about it, and he has locked them up. It is true that the doors are taken off their hinges at certain periods of the evening to take the letters from the bags, but that has never happened in the day time. I was informed yesterday that on November 18 prisoner found a postal order for 10s. on the counter, which he gave up. On March 30 he found five letters jammed in the letter-box and he reported the matter to Mr. Blundell; on his instructions he got them out and handed them to him, Mr. Blundell. On the Saturday before Easter Cryer, a postal clerk, handed the safe key to him under cover and he may possibly have had it in his charge over Sunday. I do not know what the contents of the safe were; I should think it contained several hundreds of pounds' worth of postal orders and stamps. I was given to understand that one evening the safe had been left open inadvertently, but it was not the prisoner who discovered this; it was Charlton, another commissionaire. Only the staff would have access to the despatch-room. There is nothing against prisoner as far as the official record is concerned; he has been in the employ of the G.P.O. since September, 1909. His duty would be to walk up and down and keep observation. On one occasion, I have heard, he reproved a messenger, boy for going down to the despatch-room, and he was himself reproved for doing so. Brodie could not have possibly placed his test letter on the floor of the despatch-room because, being a stranger to the office, he would not have been allowed down there without the authority of the chief clerk. I know prisoner is in receipt of a pension and I believe if he is convicted of felony he will lose it. I have never heard of these doors of the cupboards having been found left open in the morning.</p>
<p>Re-examined. When Brodie bought the postal order he came in as a member of the public. The commissionaire would have stopped him going down to the basement if he had attempted to do so.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-191" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-191" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-191" type="surname" value="VIOLET"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-191" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN VIOLET</persName> </hi>, assistant superintendent, Eastern Central District Office. I was on duty at the King Edward Street Office on April 15 when the 9.11 a.m. collection arrived from Threadneedle Street: it arrived at 9.55. I examined the contents of the bags. I looked especially for a letter addressed to "Mrs. Brodie," but I did not find it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALFRED KIBBY</hi>, A Division. I was present on April 15 at the G.P.O. when Mr. Brodie interviewed prisoner. (Witness corro
<lb/>borated Malcolm Brodie's evidence as to what passed.) He was given into my custody. On him I found several undefaced stamps torn from envelopes, amongst which was one bearing Mr. Brodie's marks. He gave no explanation. At the station he made no reply when charged.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. subsequently went to prisoner's home, which was spotlessly clean. His wife drew my attention to a box containing</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230052"/>
<p>some money; she told me it was his last quarter's pension. I did not search his locker at the Post Office. I found no pawn tickets any
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-192" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-192" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-192" type="surname" value="BEODIE"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-192" type="given" value="MALCOLM"/>MALCOLM BEODIE</persName> </hi>, recalled, stated that he had received the three postal orders (Exhibit 4) from William Henry Smith. This witness, recalled, stated that he had obtained them from the superintendent in charge of the Thread needle Street Post Office.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-193" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-193" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-193" type="surname" value="CRYER"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-193" type="given" value="JOSEPH HERBERT"/>JOSEPH HERBERT CRYER</persName> </hi>, clerk, Threadneedle Street Post Office. Be
<lb/>tween 10.15 and 10.45 a.m. on April 15 these three postal orders (Exhibit 4) were presented to me by prisoner for payment. They are made payable to "E.A. Fidler" and are endorsed with that name in the same handwriting. They had upon them stamps they now bear. It frequently happens that postal orders are filled in and endorsed by the same person.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. There is nothing on the orders to show at what hour they were cashed. I have reason to know it was not between 9 and 10 a.m.</p>
<p>Prisoner's statement before the magistrate. "I had never seen the letter before the witness posted it. I had never been near him. I had never seen the address on it."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-194" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-194" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-194" type="surname" value="FIDLER"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-194" type="given" value="EDWIN ALFRED"/>EDWIN ALFRED FIDLER</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath), 74, Ling Road, Plaistow. My father was a petty officer in the Navy. I was in the Navy from 1904 to 1909, when I was invalided in consequence of losing my left arm. I joined the Corps of Commissionaires, Who sent me to the G.P.O. I am now getting 1s. 3d. a day pension. I was employed as commissionaire, taking turns with three others at Threadneedle Street and I was paid 26s. 3d. a week. At 7.25 a.m. I came on duty and unlocked the side entrance at 7.45. I unlocked the letter-box and at 8 I opened the front doors and the outside locks of the letter-boxes. I then took up my position in the commissionaire's box and gave out the keys to the proper persons. It is part of my general duties to keep watch from the lobby; if I saw anybody acting sus
<lb/>piciously I should not be allowed to leave my post, but to give in
<lb/>formation to my superior officer. At 8.25 on April 15 I think I went down to the despatch-room to make some tea, and as I was passing the letter-boxes to get to my locker I saw a letter on the floor. As it was my duty to do, I picked it up and put it in my pocket with the inten
<lb/>tion of giving it up to the superintendent when I got upstairs. The superintendent arrives at ten; I had always understood that I should give such letters to him. I do not know who was in charge at the time. I noticed the door of the cupboards were open. I was that morning expecting a letter from a Mr. Chandler, addressed to me at the Post Office, and as a matter of fact I had received it at 7.45 a.m.; I knew what its contents were; I expected to receive 10s. 6d.; the letter actually contained two postal-orders for 3s. and one for 4s., with sixpenny stamps attached. I placed it in my pocket unopened, and it was into the same pocket I put the letter that I found. I then had</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230053"/>
<p>my breakfast. I took out, as I thought, the letter I had received and opened it without looking at the address; I had forgotten the letter I had found. I then found I had opened the wrong one. I opened my own letter, and I now produce the envelope, it only contained a little receipt, which I destroyed. I cashed my three postal-orders. I did not see Brodie at all that day until I was called to the General Post Office. I saw no one posting a letter. In my luncheon time I went to Gamage's, Cheapside, to get a catalogue, which I had promised to send to him. I returned to the Post Office and posted it to him. When cashing my own orders I returned the letter which I had found to my pocket, intending to give it to the Postmaster when he arrived. I had plenty of opportunity of cashing that postal-order for 10s. 6d. when I went to Gamage's. On my return I was summoned to the secretary's office, where I told Mr. Brodie that I had picked up the letter but had forgotten to give it up. On the Saturday before Easter I was entrusted with the safe key, which I kept charge of during Sunday and Monday. At home at this time I had the balance of my pension money, £2 12s. 6d. I produce my Commissionaires' Corps Savings' Bank Book, and my discharge, marked "Very Good."</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I will swear I did not go down to the despatch-room at 3.15 a.m. that morning; there is nothing to make me certain, but 8.25 is my usual time for going down. The cupboard doors were not usually kept locked and when I found them open I did not report it because it was a natural thing; besides, the postman is in charge of that room, not I. I will not say they were usually open. Having charge of the keys it would be part of my duty to see that they are locked. When I found them open on this morning I did not touch them. I did not tell the postman when he came at 8.30 they were open, because, as I say, it was natural to find them so. It is true that at 9 a.m. I knew Inspector Clapham was on the premises, but I did not think he was the proper person to give the letter to; I intended to wait until I saw the Postmaster, who had not then arrived. I was arrested before I saw him. It is true that there is no postmark on the envelope of my own letter, but I may have torn that off in the course of opening it. I do not know the name of the clerk who handed me the letter. Chandler is a bookmaker and I now and again had a bet with him. I did not notice that the colour of the envelope I was opening by mistake was pink. I tore it up, still thinking it was my own letter, as it contained what I was expecting. When I found out my mistake shortly afterwards I went back to try and find the pieces and I found a few pieces; one containing the stamp and I put it in my pocket to hand it in. I found out my mistake because I found I had 5d. too much. I attached Chandler's six stamps and five other stamps I had in my possession to the postal orders and cashed them. By in
<lb/>advertence one of the stamps I so attached was one of the stamps in Mr. Brodie's letter. I attached three of the stamps I found in the letter to the 10s. 6d. postal order to prevent them being lost. I may have at about 8.15 come into the street, but not with the object of watching Brodie post the letter.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230054"/>
<p>Re-examined. It transpired that the stamps I put on Gamage's catalogue was not one of Mrs. Brodie's stamps, but one of my own.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-195" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-195" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-195" type="surname" value="CHANDLER"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-195" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE CHANDLER</persName> </hi>, bookmaker. On April 14 I addressed a letter to prisoner at the Threadneedle Street Post Office enclosing in it postal orders for 10s. and 6 penny stamps, which I did not attach to the postal orders. This is the envelope that I sent. It is in my son's Handwriting. Either he or I posted it.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. That was the amount of his winnings. I did very little business with him.</p>
<p>To the Jury. I keep no books. The previous transaction I had with him prior to this was a fortnight before.</p>
<p>To the Court, It is very seldom that I write the name of the payee on the postal order. He has only betted small amounts.</p>
<p>(Rebutting evidence.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-196" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-196" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-196" type="surname" value="CLAPHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-196" type="given" value="ALFRED WILLIAM"/>ALFRED WILLIAM CLAPHAM</persName> </hi>, Assistant Inspector of Messengers. At about 8 a.m. on April 15 I went down into the dispatch room at the Threadneedle Street Post Office to look at the cupboards. The doors were all shut. I remained on duty till 4 p.m. Prisoner saw me when I firs; came in. If he found a letter it was his duty to hand it to me. He never did so on that day, nor did he report to me that the doors were open. I know they were shut at 8.25 a.m.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. It was part of my duty to see those doors were shut. That was my first day on duty there and I was told what I had to do, so I remember this day particularly well.</p>
<p>(Saturday, April 27.)</p>
<rs id="t19120423-39-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-39-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-39-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>Guilty, "but we very strongly recommend him to mercy; we consider that there was contributory negligence on the part of the Post Office in leaving the place so badly guarded."</rs> </p>
<p>It was stated that from this post office since last August prisoner, it was believed, had cashed postal orders amounting to £10 8s. 6d.</p>
<rs id="t19120423-39-punishment-39" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-39-punishment-39" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-39-punishment-39" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-39-19120423 t19120423-39-punishment-39"/> Nine months' hard labour</rs>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Friday, April 26.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19120423-40">
<interp inst="t19120423-40" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19120423"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-40" type="date" value="19120423"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19120423-40-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-40-19120423 t19120423-40-offence-1 t19120423-40-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19120423-40-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-40-19120423 t19120423-40-offence-1 t19120423-40-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-40-19120423" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-40-19120423" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-40-19120423" type="age" value="45"/>
<interp inst="def1-40-19120423" type="surname" value="DOUGLAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-40-19120423" type="given" value="EDD"/>
<interp inst="def1-40-19120423" type="occupation" value="waiter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DOUGLAS</hi>, Edd (45, waiter)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-40-19120423" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-40-19120423" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-40-19120423" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def2-40-19120423" type="surname" value="HARRINGTON"/>
<interp inst="def2-40-19120423" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<interp inst="def2-40-19120423" type="occupation" value="manager"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRINGTON</hi>, Amos Arthur, otherwise
<rs id="t19120423-alias-5" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-40-19120423 t19120423-alias-5"/> Arthur Hale </rs>(40, manager)</persName>
<rs id="t19120423-40-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-40-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-40-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, both unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin four times on the same day.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19120423-40-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19120423-40-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-40-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> .</p>
<p>Mr. Robert Wilkinson prosecuted; Mr. E.F. Lever defended Harrington.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-199" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-199" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-199" type="surname" value="GOLD"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-199" type="given" value="CHARLES NORMAN"/>CHARLES NORMAN GOLD</persName> </hi>, 10 High Road, Chiswick, chemist. At about 4 p.m. on March 16, Douglas came into my shop, purchased a</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230055"/>
<p>pair of washing gloves (produced), price 4 1/2 d., and tendered half-crown (produced) in payment. I weighed the coin, found it was very light, and told him it was a bad one. He then paid for the purchase with a good florin, I gave him the bad half-crown back, and he went out. At the police station that night I picked him out from a number of other men.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-200" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-200" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-200" type="surname" value="WRENCH"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-200" type="given" value="ARTHUR GEORGE"/>ARTHUR GEORGE WRENCH</persName> </hi>, 28 High Road, Chiswick, chemist. At about 4 p.m., on March 16, Douglas entered my shop, purchased a pot of pomade, price 9 1/2 d., and tendered half-crown (produced), which I examined and found to be bad. I told him it was bad and he paid with a good florin. I gave him the half-crown back and he went out. I followed him and saw him join Harrington 50 yards down the road. They went on together until they got to the "Roebuck" public-house, when Douglas entered, leaving Harrington standing outside. I noticed Harrington was carrying black cloth bag (produced). Douglas then came out of the public-house and they proceeded down the road to
<lb/>gether, I then left them and gave information. While in the police station I looked out of the window, saw on the opposite side of the road the two prisoners walking together towards the station, and pointed them out to the police. I then saw Douglas go into the "Prince of Wales" public-house, which is opposite station, leaving Harrington outside. Douglas came out and two plain-clothed police officers crossed the road; one-of them arrested Douglas; Harrington attempted to get away, going behind a taxi-cab which was standing there, but was arrested and they were both brought over to the police station.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. When Douglas left my shop I had to put on my coat before I could follow him and he had got some distance down the road by the time I got outside my shop. I caught them up and walked along on the opposite side of the road. I tried to see them without being seen myself. It is a broad road with tramlines and a good deal of traffic. I did not pay much attention to Harrington.</p>
<p>Re-examined. As I was walking on the opposite side of the road I distinctly saw both of their faces.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-201" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-201" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-201" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-201" type="given" value="EMILY"/>EMILY HARRIS</persName> </hi>, wife of Frederick James Harris, licensee of the "Roebuck" public-house. At about 4.40 p.m. on March 16, Douglas called for a glass of ale, price 2d., and tendered in payment half-crown (produced). I rang it three times on the counter and then gave his change, and he went out. Shortly after a police officer called, to whom I gave the coin. That evening I picked Douglas out from a number of other men as being the man who passed that half-crown.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19120423-name-202" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19120423-name-202" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-202" type="surname" value="PERRY"/>
<interp inst="t19120423-name-202" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>MARGARET PERRY</persName> </hi>, wife of John Perry, licensee of the "Prince of Wales" public-house. Between 4.30 and 5 p.m. on March 16 Douglas called for 3d. worth of whisky, tendering a half-crown in payment. He then went out. The police officers then came in and I handed them the coin. I afterwards picked Douglas out from a number of other men as being the man who tendered that half-crown.</p>
<p>Sub-divisional Inspector
<hi rend="smallCaps">ARTHUR COPPING</hi>, T Division. On March 16, a little after 4 p.m., Wrench came to the police station,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191204230056"/>
<p>made a statement, and pointed out the two prisoners, who were on the opposite side of the road. Harrington was carrying bag (produced). I gave instructions to two plain-clothes officers. Douglas went into the "Prince of Wales," leaving Harrington standing on the kerb. A few seconds afterwards Douglas came out, rejoined Harrington, and began walking on. The two officers then crossed the road, arrested the pri
<lb/>soners, and brought them across to the station. Douglas, in the presence of Harrington, said, "Why should I be put to this indignity. I do not know this man. I told them they would be detained for being together, uttering counterfeit coin. Harrington said, "That is right; I do not know him. The prisoners were put up for identifica
<lb/>tion and picked out by Gold, Harris, and Perry. When charged both replied, "All right; I understand."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES BORRETT</hi>, 592 T. On March 16, in cones
<lb/>quence of instructions from Inspector Copping, Police-constable Simms and I kept observation on the prisoners, who were near the "Prince of Wales." Harrington passed something to Douglas, they walked on a little way, and Douglas went into the "Prince of Wales," leaving Harrington outside beside a stationary taxi-cab. Simms and I followed Douglas, and saw him tender a half-crown, for which he re
<lb/>ceived change. He then went out, rejoined Harrington, and they com
<lb/>menced to walk away when Simms arrested Douglas. Harrington then ran away; I caught him and told him I was a police officer and should arrest him for being concerned with Douglas in passing a counterfeit half-crown. He said, "I do not know the man at all. I took him to the station; he was charged; I searched him and found on him eight florins, 44 shillings, five sixpences, 1s. 2d. in bronze (all good money), and a bag, which contained three one-ounce packets of tobacco, price 4 1/2 d. each, five packets of sweets, one bottle of hair pomade, one pair of nail scissors in a case, one knife, one lead pencil, two washing gloves, and some paper (all produced).</p>