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<div1 type="frontMatter" id="f19110328">
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<p>MARCH, 1911.</p>
<p>Vol. CLIV.] Part 918.</p>
<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</p>
<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>VEZEY-STRONG, MAYOR.</p>
<p>SIXTH SESSION,</p>
<p>HELD MAR. 28TH, 1911, AND FOLLOWING DAYS.</p>
<p>MINUTES OF EVIDENCE,</p>
<p>TAKEN IN SHORTHAND BY</p>
<p>GEORGE WALPOLE & CO.,</p>
<p>Shorthand Writers in the Court.</p>
<p>POINTS OF LAW AND PRACTICE</p>
<p>EDITED BY</p>
<p>R. F. GRAHAM-CAMPBELL, ESQUIRE,</p>
<p>OF THE INNER TEMPLE.</p>
<p>[Published by Annual Subscription.]</p>
<p>LONDON:</p>
<p>GEO. WALPOLE & CO., PORTUGAL STREET BUILDINGS, LINCOLN'S INN, W.C.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280002"/>
<p>PRINTED BY</p>
<p>THE ARGUS PRINTING COMPANY, LIMITED,10, TEMPLE AVENUE, LONDON, E.C.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280003"/>
<p>THE</p>
<p>WHOLE PROCEEDINGS</p>
<p>On the King's Commission of</p>
<p>OYER AND TERMINER AND GAOL DELIVERY</p>
<p>FOR</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>AND GAOL DELIVERY FOR THE</p>
<p>COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX AND THE PARTS OF OTHER COUNTIES WITHIN THE JURISDICTION</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT,</p>
<p>Held on Tuesday, March 28th, 1911, and following days.</p>
<p>Before the Right Hon. Sir
<hi rend="largeCaps">T. VEZEY-STRONG</hi>, Alderman,
<hi rend="largeCaps">LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; the Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-1" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-1" type="surname" value="LAWRENCE"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-1" type="given" value="ALFRED TRISTRAM"/>ALFRED TRISTRAM LAWRENCE</persName> </hi>, one of the Justices of His Majesty's High Court; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE FAUDEL-PHILLIPS</hi>, Bart., G.C.I.E.; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAS. T. RITCHIE</hi>, Bart.; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN C. BELL</hi>, Bart.; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">T. VANSITTART BOWATER</hi>, Knight; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-2" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-2" type="surname" value="WOODMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-2" type="given" value="GEO"/>GEO. WOODMAN</persName> </hi>, Knight; and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-3" type="surname" value="ROLL"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-3" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES ROLL</persName> </hi>, Esq., Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">FORREST FULTON</hi>, Knight, K.C., Recorder of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">FK. ALBERT BOSANQUET</hi>, K.C., Common Serjeant of the said City; and His Honour Judge
<hi rend="smallCaps">RENTOUL</hi>, K.C., Commissioner; His Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-4" type="surname" value="JOHNSTON"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-4" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES JOHNSTON</persName> </hi>, Esq., Alderman,</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HENRY C. BUCKINGHAM</hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-5" type="surname" value="SMYTHE"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-5" type="given" value="RUPERT"/>RUPERT SMYTHE</persName> </hi>, Esq., Deputy,</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">E.V. HUXTABLE</hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280005"/>
<p>1911.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">VEZEY-STRONG, MAYOR</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SIXTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE RECORDER</hi>.</p>
<p>(Tuesday, March 28.)</p> </div1>
<p>
<persName id="t19110328-name-6">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-6" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-6" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-6" type="surname" value="RATLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-6" type="given" value="EMILY"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-6" type="occupation" value="dressmaker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RATLEY</hi>, Emily (29, dressmaker)</persName>, who pleaded guilty last Session (see page 397) of unlawfully sending and procuring and causing to. be sent for transmission by post two postal packets having words thereon of an indecent, obscene, and grossly offensive character, was brought up, and released on her own recognisances in £25 to come up for judgment if called upon.</p>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-2-19110328" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-2-19110328" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-2-19110328" type="age" value="39"/>
<interp inst="def1-2-19110328" type="surname" value="BERCOVICI"/>
<interp inst="def1-2-19110328" type="given" value="ADOLPH"/>
<interp inst="def1-2-19110328" type="occupation" value="manager"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BERCOVICI</hi>, Adolph (39, manager)</persName>,
<rs id="t19110328-2-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-2-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-2-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19110328-2-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-2-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-2-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="libel"/>of unlawfully writing and publishing and causing and procuring to bo written and published, knowing the same to be false, certain defamatory libels of and concerning
<persName id="t19110328-name-8" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-8" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-8" type="surname" value="MATHEWS"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-8" type="given" value="MABEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-2-offence-1 t19110328-name-8"/>Mabel Mathews</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19110328-2-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-2-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-2-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-2-19110328 t19110328-2-punishment-1"/>Six months' imprisonment</rs>;
<rs id="t19110328-2-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-2-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-2-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-2-19110328 t19110328-2-punishment-2"/>ordered to pay the costs of the prosecution.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-3-19110328" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-3-19110328" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-3-19110328" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-3-19110328" type="surname" value="MANNERS"/>
<interp inst="def1-3-19110328" type="given" value="EVA"/>
<interp inst="def1-3-19110328" type="occupation" value="servant"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MANNERS</hi>, Eva (23, servant)</persName>,
<rs id="t19110328-3-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-3-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-3-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19110328-3-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-3-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-3-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>of on
<rs id="t19110328-cd-1" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-3-offence-1 t19110328-cd-1"/>January 14, 1911</rs>, feloniously demanding and obtaining and causing and procuring to be delivered and paid to a certain person £1, upon a certain forged and altered instrument, with intent to defraud; on
<rs id="t19110328-cd-2" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-3-offence-1 t19110328-cd-2"/>January 21, 1911</rs>, feloniously demanding and endeavouring to obtain and causing and procuring to be delivered and paid to a certain person £1, upon a certain forged and altered instrument, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Stanley R. Crauford, who appeared to prosecute, said that prisoner opened an account at the Church End, Finchley, Post Office with a payment in of a shilling on January 10. That amount was altered in her Savings Bank book to £1 10s. On January 14 she went to the Railway Station Post Office, Finchley, and presented the book with a request for payment of £1 on demand. She complied with the rules and regulations and obtained that amount. When the book went to the head office the fraud was discovered, inquiries were set on foot, and a watch was kept. She was discovered at Muswell Hill Post Office trying to obtain £1 under precisely similar circum
<lb/>stances and was given into custody.</p>
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<p>
<rs id="t19110328-3-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-3-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-3-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-3-19110328 t19110328-3-punishment-3"/>Sentence was postponed to next Sessions for further inquiries to be made.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-4-19110328" type="defendantName">
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<interp inst="def1-4-19110328" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19110328" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19110328" type="given" value="TIMOTHY"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19110328" type="occupation" value="postal sorter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COLLINS</hi>, Timothy (36, postal sorter)</persName>,
<rs id="t19110328-4-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-4-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-4-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19110328-4-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-4-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-4-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>of stealing one postal packet containing one postal order for the payment of 15s., the several sums of 2s. 6d., 2s., 1s. 6d., 3d., and 18 penny postage stamps, the property of
<persName id="t19110328-name-11" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-11" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-4-offence-1 t19110328-name-11"/>His Majesty's Postmaster-General</persName>, he being an officer of the Post Office.</rs> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t19110328-4-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-4-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-4-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-4-19110328 t19110328-4-punishment-4"/>Sentence was postponed to next Sessions.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-5-19110328" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-5-19110328" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19110328" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19110328" type="surname" value="BLAND"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19110328" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19110328" type="occupation" value="postman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BLAND</hi>, Albert (30, postman)</persName>,
<rs id="t19110328-5-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-5-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-5-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19110328-5-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-5-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-5-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>of stealing certain postal packets, to wit, a postal packet containing a postal order for 6s., a postal packet containing a postal order for 20s., a postal packet containing two postal orders for 2s. and 2s. 6d. respectively, the pro
<lb/>perty of
<persName id="t19110328-name-13" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-13" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-5-offence-1 t19110328-name-13"/>His Majesty's Postmaster-General</persName>, he being an officer of the Post Office.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19110328-5-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-5-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-5-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-5-19110328 t19110328-5-punishment-5"/>Nine months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19110328-6" type="date" value="19110328"/>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-6-19110328" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-6-19110328" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19110328" type="age" value="39"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19110328" type="surname" value="CROTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19110328" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19110328" type="occupation" value="gardener"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CROTON</hi>, George (39, gardener)</persName>,
<rs id="t19110328-6-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-6-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-6-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19110328-6-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-6-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-6-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="extortion"/>of feloniously sending to
<persName id="t19110328-name-15" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-15" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-15" type="surname" value="GWYNNE"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-15" type="given" value="NEVILLE GWYNNE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-6-offence-1 t19110328-name-15"/>Neville Gwynne Gwynne</persName>, knowing the contents thereof, a certain letter and writing demanding of him and
<persName id="t19110328-name-16" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-16" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-6-offence-1 t19110328-name-16"/>Messrs. Gwynne, Limited</persName>, with menaces, £50.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19110328-6-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-6-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-6-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-6-19110328 t19110328-6-punishment-6"/>Nine months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19110328-7" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110328"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-7" type="date" value="19110328"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-7-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-7-19110328 t19110328-7-offence-2 t19110328-7-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-7-19110328" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-7-19110328" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19110328" type="age" value="61"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19110328" type="surname" value="TWILLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19110328" type="given" value="ALFRED ERNEST"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19110328" type="occupation" value="French polisher"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">TWILLEY</hi>, Alfred Ernest (61, French polisher)</persName>
<rs id="t19110328-7-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-7-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-7-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19110328-7-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-7-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-7-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>of embezzling a certain order for the payment of money, to wit, a banker's cheque for the payment of £5 16s., received by him for and on account of
<persName id="t19110328-name-18" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-18" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-18" type="surname" value="SHAVELSON"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-18" type="given" value="COLMAN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-7-offence-1 t19110328-name-18"/>Colman Shavelson</persName>, his master;</rs>
<rs id="t19110328-7-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-7-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-7-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>forging and uttering the endorsement on a banker's cheque for £5 16s., with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19110328-7-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-7-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-7-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-7-19110328 t19110328-7-punishment-7"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-8-19110328" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-8-19110328" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19110328" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19110328" type="surname" value="BISHOP"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19110328" type="given" value="EDWIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19110328" type="occupation" value="carman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BISHOP</hi>, Edwin (28, carman)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-8-19110328" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-8-19110328" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-8-19110328" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def2-8-19110328" type="surname" value="MARSHALL"/>
<interp inst="def2-8-19110328" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def2-8-19110328" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARSHALL</hi>, Thomas (20, labourer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19110328-8-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-8-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-8-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty:</rs>
<rs id="t19110328-8-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-8-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-8-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>Bishop of stealing one parcel containing 59 lace collars and one parcel containing 12 towels, the goods of
<persName id="t19110328-name-21" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-21" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-8-offence-1 t19110328-name-21"/>Bean's Express, Limited</persName>, his masters;</rs> Marshall,
<rs id="t19110328-8-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-8-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-8-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/>of feloniously receiving the said goods well knowing them to have been stolen.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence (each),
<rs id="t19110328-8-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-8-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-8-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-8-19110328 t19110328-8-punishment-8"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-8-19110328 t19110328-8-punishment-8"/>12 months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110328-9">
<interp inst="t19110328-9" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110328"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-9" type="date" value="19110328"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-9-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-19110328 t19110328-9-offence-1 t19110328-9-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-9-19110328" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-9-19110328" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19110328" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19110328" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19110328" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19110328" type="occupation" value="agent"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SMITH</hi>, John (32, agent)</persName>,
<rs id="t19110328-9-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-9-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-9-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19110328-9-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-9-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-9-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="extortion"/>of feloniously sending a letter, knowing the contents thereof, demanding of
<persName id="t19110328-name-23" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-23" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-23" type="surname" value="TERRY"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-23" type="given" value="SIDNEY HERBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-9-offence-1 t19110328-name-23"/>Sidney Herbert Terry</persName> with menaces the sum of 10s.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19110328-9-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-9-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-9-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-19110328 t19110328-9-punishment-9"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110328-10">
<interp inst="t19110328-10" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110328"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-10" type="date" value="19110328"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-10-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-19110328 t19110328-10-offence-1 t19110328-10-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-10-19110328" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-10-19110328" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19110328" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19110328" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19110328" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19110328" type="occupation" value="seaman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SMITH</hi>, Ernest (21, seaman)</persName>,
<rs id="t19110328-10-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-10-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-10-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19110328-10-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-10-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-10-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>of feloniously robbing
<persName id="t19110328-name-25" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-25" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-25" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-25" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-10-offence-1 t19110328-name-25"/>Elizabeth Roberts</persName> and at the time of and immediately before such robbery feloniously wounding the said Elizabeth Roberts.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Bodkin, who appeared to prosecute, said that prisoner went to stay with a young woman as "Mr. and Mrs. Goss," at an hotel in Craven Street, Strand. Apparently he spent all his money, and when the hotel proprietress presented the bill on March 3 he went out, saying that he was going to the bank and would be back in an hour. That morning he was seen to go by train from Charing Cross to Cannon Street. He then got into a train which was going back</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280007"/>
<p>from Cannon Street to Charing Cross, entering a first-class carriage, in which there was one lady, Mrs. Roberts, of Greenhithe, a frequent traveller on the line. Just after the train moved out of Waterloo Station Smith began assaulting Mrs. Roberts. He struck her on the head and face a number of blows and no fewer than thirteen marks were found upon her. Two of her teeth were knocked out and her face was cut and lacerated by a ring which the man was wearing.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-26" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-26" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-26" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-26" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST SMITH</persName> </hi> (prisoner's father), Trinity pilot. Prisoner Las been in the service of the P. and O. and other companies as quartermaster for about four years. He served his time on the Thames and was for seven years with the Waterman's Company. He arrived home on February 14, was discharged with character "Very good." He came to my house the night before the crime. He made some remark that I knew where he had been. That was all that was said and he went away the same day. I am willing to send him abroad.</p>
<p>Sentence, 18
<rs id="t19110328-10-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-10-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-10-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-19110328 t19110328-10-punishment-10"/>18 months hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110328-11">
<interp inst="t19110328-11" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110328"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-11" type="date" value="19110328"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-11-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-19110328 t19110328-11-offence-1 t19110328-11-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-11-19110328" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-11-19110328" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19110328" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19110328" type="surname" value="SHORT"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19110328" type="given" value="MINNIE"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19110328" type="occupation" value="factory hand"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SHORT</hi>, Minnie (19, factory hand),</persName>
<rs id="t19110328-11-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-11-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-11-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/> attempting to commit suicide.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-28" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-28" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-28" type="surname" value="HESTER"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-28" type="given" value="HEBBEBT WALTER"/>HEBBEBT WALTER HESTER</persName> </hi>. On Saturday, March 4, at midnight, I was on the Embankment at the foot of Blackfriars Bridge. I taw prisoner. She was going to throw herself into the water. I went to her. She said, "If you go away I will not do it." I went a little way up the road, looked back, and saw her attempting to get on the parapet. I went up again and she struck me violently in the mouth. She struggled with me. I blew for the police. A constable arrived and arrested her.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">ARTHUR PITT</hi>, 69 B. I was on the Embankment at midnight on March 4. In response to a police whistle I went to a point near Blackfriars Bridge and saw last witness struggling with prisoner. I asked him what was the trouble. He said prisoner had tried on two occasions to get over the embankment wall. She said in my presence, "Why did not you let me do it, for I am sick of it." I took her to the station, where she was charged.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-29" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-29" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-29" type="surname" value="SHORT"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-29" type="given" value="MINNIE"/>MINNIE SHORT</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath). I am very sorry. I must have had some drink. I had been out with two girls after we done work. I woke out of a drunken sleep, not thinking what I was doing, or I should not have attempted to do such a thing. My forewoman said if I get out I can go to work again.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-30" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-30" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-30" type="surname" value="PITT"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-30" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR PITT</persName> </hi>, recalled (to the Judge). I think she was under the influence of drink.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19110328-11-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-11-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-11-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Prisoner had once before attempted to commit suicide and had been fined for being drunk and disorderly.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19110328-11-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-11-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-11-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="otherInstitution"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-19110328 t19110328-11-punishment-11"/>Three years' detention under the Borstal system.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280008"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Tuesday, March 28.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110328-12">
<interp inst="t19110328-12" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110328"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-12" type="date" value="19110328"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-12-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-19110328 t19110328-12-offence-1 t19110328-12-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-12-19110328" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-12-19110328" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19110328" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19110328" type="surname" value="CLIFFORD"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19110328" type="given" value="LILIAN CLARINDA"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19110328" type="occupation" value=""/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CLIFFORD</hi>, Lilian Clarinda (30)</persName>,
<rs id="t19110328-12-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-12-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-12-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19110328-12-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-12-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-12-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>of feloniously gilding five sixpenny pieces with intent to pass them as half-sovereigns; possessing three gilded pieces with intent to utter the same; uttering counterfeit coin, having more in her possession.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner was stated to have got five Jubilee sixpences gilded by a jeweller under the pretence that she wanted them to make a bracelet. She was respectably married and had been of highly respectable character until the last 18 months, when she had given way to drink.
<rs id="t19110328-12-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-12-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-12-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-19110328 t19110328-12-punishment-12"/>She was now released on her own and the recognisances of Frederick Clifford, her husband, in £20 each to come up for judgment if called upon.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110328-13">
<interp inst="t19110328-13" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110328"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-13" type="date" value="19110328"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-13-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-19110328 t19110328-13-offence-1 t19110328-13-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-13-19110328" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-13-19110328" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19110328" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19110328" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19110328" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19110328" type="occupation" value="bioscope operator"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERTS</hi>, George (19, bioscope operator)</persName>
<rs id="t19110328-13-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-13-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-13-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin; possessing counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t19110328-13-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-13-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-13-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>Prisoner pleaded guilty to uttering, which plea was accepted by the prosecution.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner stated that he had found the bundle of coins and uttered one shilling. He was stated to be of good character and to have been in respectable employment.
<rs id="t19110328-13-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-13-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-13-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-19110328 t19110328-13-punishment-13"/>He was released on his own and the recognisances of Abraham Rogers, 45, Merchant Street, Bow, job buyer (who undertook to employ the prisoner) in £10 each, to come up for judgment if called upon.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110328-14">
<interp inst="t19110328-14" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110328"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-14" type="date" value="19110328"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-14-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-19110328 t19110328-14-offence-1 t19110328-14-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-14-19110328" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-14-19110328" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19110328" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19110328" type="surname" value="MERRIMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19110328" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19110328" type="occupation" value="bookbinder"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MERRIMAN</hi>, George (24, bookbinder)</persName>
<rs id="t19110328-14-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-14-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-14-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin; possessing counterfeit coin. Mr. Pickersgill, M.P., prosecuted.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-34" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-34" type="surname" value="THOMSON"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-34" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED THOMSON</persName> </hi>, barman, "Waterman's Arms/' Virginia Row, Bethnal Green. On January 24, at 11.45 p.m., prisoner called for three glasses of ale, 3d., for himself and others who were in the bar, tendered a 2s. piece and received from me 1s. 9d. change. He then went to the urinal. I was in doubt as to the coin and handed it to Mr. Lindsay, who tested it with spirit and found it was bad. Pri
<lb/>soner returned to the bar. Lindsay called his attention to it and prisoner handed him 2s. in place of the florin. Lindsay told him to go. Some one in the bar said, "Look out, there is a policeman outside." Prisoner walked out, when Lindsay went out at the saloon bar and called to the constable to stop him; he was brought back into the middle bar.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by prisoner. Before tendering the coin you had been served by Mr. Lindsay. You did not go away when told to do so. You said it was not a bad 2s. piece. You said you had got it in change. You had time to run away out of the house. I could not say if you ran when you saw me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-35" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-35" type="surname" value="LINDSAY"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-35" type="given" value="CORNELIUS"/>CORNELIUS LINDSAY</persName> </hi>, lioensee, "Waterman's Arms." On Feb
<lb/>ruary 24 Thomson showed me a florin, which I found to be bad, and I told prisoner so when he returned to the bar. He said that anyone</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280009"/>
<p>was liable to get hold of those things in change. I returned it to him; he gave me two good shillings for it. I told him to leave the house. I went out at the saloon bar and saw a constable as prisoner was going out of the public bar. I called to the constable. He brought prisoner into the middle bar and searched him. He was then taken to the station and further searched, when another bad florin was found in his hip trouser pocket. There was no one in the middle bar except myself, the prisoner, and the constable, but two or three people were looking in at the door.</p>
<p>To prisoner. I do not remember seeing you in the house before I handed you the coin back, nor serving you. You were searched immediately we arrived at the station. You were then put back and charged about half an hour afterwards.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, March 29.)</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">HARRY GIBSON</hi>, H Division. About 12.20 a.m. on February 24 I was passing the "Waterman's Arms" when I saw prisoner come out of the public bar. At the same time the landlord rushed out of the private bar and said, "Get hold of him. He has passed some bad money." I took prisoner to the middle bar, where he handed me this bad florin. (Exhibit 1). He said, "I do not know where I got it from." I searched him and found 1s. 6d. in silver and 4d. bronze in good money in his left-hand trousers pocket. I took him to the police station; where the inspector asked me if I had searched him and I said, "Yes, temporarily, in the public-house." He told me to thoroughly search him and I did so. In his hip pocket I found another counterfeit florin wrapped in tissue paper. After prisoner was charged he said, "Can I speak?" On being told he could he said, "I will speak to the magistrate," and turning to me he said, "You searched me in the house and didn't find that other coin on me." When I was searching him in the public-house we were right up against the counter, and then four or five men came in at the door, but they did not come near us.</p>
<p>To prisoner. You were not running when I saw you first. When I began searching you there was no one present but the publican and another policeman. I was about three minutes searching you there. I felt in your hip pocket, which was very tight, but I did not go to the bottom with my fingers, but at the station you undid your waist
<lb/>coat and jacket and I was able to do so.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I did not ask prisoner to undo his waistcoat in the public-house. When he did so at the station I found the cap under
<lb/>neath.</p>
<p>Inspector Moss, H Division, corroborated the evidence of the last witness.</p>
<p>To prisoner. I cannot remember how long you were kept before you. were charged, but the whole thing took under half an hour. I cannot remember your saying anything when the second florin was found.</p>
<p>Re-examined. It is usual when a person is searched in a public-house in a case of this sort to search him again at the station.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280010"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-36" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-36" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-36" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-36" type="given" value="SIDNEY WILLIAM"/>SIDNEY WILLIAM SMITH</persName> </hi>, Assistant Assayer, H.M. Mint. These two florins are counterfeit and are from the same mould; they are pretty good.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-37" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-37" type="surname" value="MERRIMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-37" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE MERRIMAN</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). When I entered the public-house I did not have any more idea of having counterfeit coin on me than a new-born babe. I do not know where I got it from. I should think that the coin found on me at the station must have been dropped in my pocket by one of the, men who the policeman says ran in when I was being searched. It would have been impossible for the constable to have missed it if it had been there when he was searching me.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. It must have been put there by someone after the constable had searched me; he had time to do so. We were all in a crowd; the bar only holds twelve people, as has been given in the evidence, and it has been proved there were ten there at the time. I cannot suggest any reason for anybody putting it there, but that sort of thing is done every day. The cap was given to me the same night and I put it there to be out of the way as I was in a music-hall. I was wearing a bowler hat at the time.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19110328-14-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-14-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-14-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Five previous convictions, mostly for loitering, were proved against prisoner. He had had no conviction for felony for five years. He did not appear to have any regular employment and he was an associate of bad characters.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19110328-14-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-14-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-14-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-19110328 t19110328-14-punishment-14"/>10 months' hard labour</rs>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE RECORDER</hi>.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, March 29.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110328-15">
<interp inst="t19110328-15" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110328"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-15" type="date" value="19110328"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-15-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19110328 t19110328-15-offence-1 t19110328-15-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-15-19110328" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-15-19110328" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19110328" type="surname" value="LOWITZ"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19110328" type="given" value="EMIL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LOWITZ</hi>, Emil</persName>
<rs id="t19110328-15-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-15-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-15-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="libel"/>, maliciously writing, printing and publishing and causing and procuring to be written, printed and published a certain false and defamatory libel of and concerning
<persName id="t19110328-name-39" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-39" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-39" type="surname" value="BARNES"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-39" type="given" value="JENNIE PAULINE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-15-offence-1 t19110328-name-39"/>Jennie Pauline Barnes</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t19110328-15-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-15-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-15-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>Prisoner, who had filed a plea of justification, now withdrew it, and pleaded guilty.</rs> </p>
<p>The Recorder stated that had the prisoner at once withdrawn the imputations and pleaded guilty he might have dealt with the matter simply by requiring him to enter into his recognisances to be or good behaviour and abstain from publishing anything defamatory of the prosecutrix; but as prisoner had been unwise enough to hang the matter up for more than one session and to enter a plea of justification,
<rs id="t19110328-15-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-15-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-15-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19110328 t19110328-15-punishment-15"/>he directed that he should pay the costs of the prosecution</rs> in addi
<lb/>tion
<rs id="t19110328-15-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-15-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-15-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19110328 t19110328-15-punishment-16"/>to entering into recognisances in £500 to be of good behaviour and to come up for judgment if called upon.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19110328-16" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110328"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-16" type="date" value="19110328"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-16-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-19110328 t19110328-16-offence-1 t19110328-16-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-16-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-16-19110328 t19110328-16-offence-1 t19110328-16-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-16-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-19110328 t19110328-16-offence-2 t19110328-16-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-16-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-16-19110328 t19110328-16-offence-2 t19110328-16-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280011"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-16-19110328" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-16-19110328" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19110328" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19110328" type="surname" value="HAMER"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19110328" type="given" value="LESLIE"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19110328" type="occupation" value="actor"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HAMER</hi>, Leslie (24, actor)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-16-19110328" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-16-19110328" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-16-19110328" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def2-16-19110328" type="surname" value="BRUMWELL"/>
<interp inst="def2-16-19110328" type="given" value="CHARLES STANLEY"/>
<interp inst="def2-16-19110328" type="occupation" value="chemist"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BRUMWELL</hi>, Charles Stanley (18, chemist)</persName>,
<rs id="t19110328-16-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-16-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-16-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19110328-16-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-16-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-16-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>of feloniously assaulting
<persName id="t19110328-name-42" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-42" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-42" type="surname" value="MCFARLANE"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-42" type="given" value="ALICE CONSTANCE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-16-offence-1 t19110328-name-42"/>Alice Con
<lb/>stance McFarlane</persName> with intent to rob her;</rs>
<rs id="t19110328-16-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-16-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-16-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>feloniously attempting to administer to
<persName id="t19110328-name-43" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-43" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-43" type="surname" value="MCFARLANE"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-43" type="given" value="ALICE CONSTANCE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-16-offence-2 t19110328-name-43"/>Alice Constance McFarlane</persName> certain chloroform with in
<lb/>tent to enable them to steal certain of her property.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Blake Odgers prosecuted; Mr. Travers Lloyd appeared for Hamer; Mr. Purcell appeared for Brumwell.</p>
<p>Evidence of previous good character was given as to both prisoners. It was stated that Hamer had been a promising and successful actor, had been disappointed in an engagement, and had committed this offence when under the influence of drink and of drugs; that Brum
<lb/>well had been led into the act under the influence of the other pri
<lb/>soner.</p>
<p>Prosecutrix stated that she had not suffered any permanent injury and that she wished to recommend both prisoners to mercy.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t19110328-16-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-16-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-16-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-19110328 t19110328-16-punishment-17"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-19110328 t19110328-16-punishment-17"/>Sentence was postponed to next Sessions, prisoners to remain in custody.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110328-17">
<interp inst="t19110328-17" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110328"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-17" type="date" value="19110328"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-17-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-19110328 t19110328-17-offence-1 t19110328-17-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-17-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-19110328 t19110328-17-offence-2 t19110328-17-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-17-19110328" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-17-19110328" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19110328" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19110328" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19110328" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19110328" type="occupation" value="dealer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COLLINS</hi>, George (32, dealer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19110328-17-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-17-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-17-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19110328-17-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-17-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-17-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>of burglary in the dwelling-house No.
<placeName id="t19110328-geo-1">
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-17-offence-1 t19110328-geo-1"/>6, Hallam Street</placeName>, with intent to steal therein;</rs>
<rs id="t19110328-17-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-17-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-17-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>feloniously causing grievous bodily harm to
<persName id="t19110328-name-45" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-45" type="surname" value="GRISTOCK"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-45" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-17-offence-2 t19110328-name-45"/>George Gristock</persName>, with intent to resist his lawful apprehension.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner confessed to having, been convicted on September 20,1904, at Clerkenwell Sessions, receiving three years' penal servitude, for stealing a purse, etc., in the name of
<persName id="t19110328-name-46">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-46" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-46" type="given" value="JOHN"/>John Smith</persName>. Ten other con
<lb/>victions were proved, including one of 18 months.</p>
<p>Sentence
<rs id="t19110328-17-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-17-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-17-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-19110328 t19110328-17-punishment-18"/>(on each indictment), Three years' penal servitude; to run concurrently.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110328-18">
<interp inst="t19110328-18" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110328"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-18" type="date" value="19110328"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-18-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-19110328 t19110328-18-offence-1 t19110328-18-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-18-19110328" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-18-19110328" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19110328" type="age" value="44"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19110328" type="surname" value="ADAMS"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19110328" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19110328" type="occupation" value="carpenter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ADAMS</hi>, William Henry (44, carpenter)</persName>,
<rs id="t19110328-18-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-18-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-18-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19110328-18-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-18-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-18-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>of felo
<lb/>niously marrying
<persName id="t19110328-name-48" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-48" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-48" type="surname" value="SPRAY"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-48" type="given" value="EMMA ANN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-18-offence-1 t19110328-name-48"/>Emma Ann Spray</persName>, his former wife being then alive.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19110328-18-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-18-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-18-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-19110328 t19110328-18-punishment-19"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110328-19">
<interp inst="t19110328-19" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110328"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-19" type="date" value="19110328"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-19-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-19-19110328 t19110328-19-offence-1 t19110328-19-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-19-19110328" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-19-19110328" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19110328" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19110328" type="surname" value="CATTELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19110328" type="given" value="DAISY"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19110328" type="occupation" value="servant"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CATTELL</hi>, Daisy (19, servant)</persName>,
<rs id="t19110328-19-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-19-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-19-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19110328-19-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-19-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-19-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="concealingABirth"/>of endeavouring to conceal the birth of her child.</rs> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t19110328-19-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-19-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-19-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-19-19110328 t19110328-19-punishment-20"/>Mr. Scott-France (Court Missionary) having procured prisoner a situation, she was released on her own recognisances to come up for judgment if called upon.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110328-20">
<interp inst="t19110328-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110328"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-20" type="date" value="19110328"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-20-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-19110328 t19110328-20-offence-1 t19110328-20-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-20-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-20-19110328 t19110328-20-offence-1 t19110328-20-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-20-19110328" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-20-19110328" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19110328" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19110328" type="surname" value="COHEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19110328" type="given" value="SOLOMON"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19110328" type="occupation" value="tailor's cutter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COHEN</hi>, Solomon, otherwise
<rs id="t19110328-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-19110328 t19110328-alias-1"/> Sidney Carlton </rs>(21, tailor's cutter)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-20-19110328" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-20-19110328" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-20-19110328" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def2-20-19110328" type="surname" value="DE LANVA"/>
<interp inst="def2-20-19110328" type="given" value="CECIL"/>
<interp inst="def2-20-19110328" type="occupation" value="music-hall artist"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DE LANVA</hi>, Cecil (21, music-hall artist)</persName>,
<rs id="t19110328-20-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-20-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-20-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19110328-20-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-20-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-20-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>of burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t19110328-name-52" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-52" type="surname" value="DYER"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-52" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-20-offence-1 t19110328-name-52"/>John Dyer</persName> and stealing therein two overcoats and other articles, his goods.</rs> </p>
<p>Cohen confessed having been convicted at this Court on Septem
<lb/>ber 7, 1909, in the name of
<persName id="t19110328-name-53">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-53" type="surname" value="OWEN"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-53" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>Charles Owen</persName>, of shop-breaking when, it being stated that he was suffering from consumption, he was bound over. Other convictions on January 8 and November 10, 1908, at this Court were proved.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280012"/>
<p>Sentence, Cohen,
<rs id="t19110328-20-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-20-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-20-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-19110328 t19110328-20-punishment-21"/>15 months' hard labour</rs>; de Lanva,
<rs id="t19110328-20-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-20-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-20-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-20-19110328 t19110328-20-punishment-22"/>Nine months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110328-21">
<interp inst="t19110328-21" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110328"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-21" type="date" value="19110328"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-21-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-19110328 t19110328-21-offence-1 t19110328-21-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-21-19110328" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-21-19110328" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19110328" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19110328" type="surname" value="BARTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19110328" type="given" value="HENRY RUSSELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19110328" type="occupation" value="groom"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BARTON</hi>, Henry Russell (33, groom)</persName>
<rs id="t19110328-21-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-21-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-21-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19110328-21-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-21-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-21-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>of feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19110328-name-55" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-55" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-55" type="surname" value="DWYER"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-55" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-21-offence-1 t19110328-name-55"/>Mary Dwyer</persName>, his former wife being then alive.</rs> Sentence,
<rs id="t19110328-21-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-21-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-21-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-19110328 t19110328-21-punishment-23"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110328-22">
<interp inst="t19110328-22" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110328"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-22" type="date" value="19110328"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-22-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-19110328 t19110328-22-offence-1 t19110328-22-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-22-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-22-19110328 t19110328-22-offence-1 t19110328-22-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-22-19110328" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-22-19110328" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19110328" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19110328" type="surname" value="WALLACE"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19110328" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19110328" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALLACE</hi>, James (37, labourer)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-22-19110328" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-22-19110328" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-22-19110328" type="age" value="44"/>
<interp inst="def2-22-19110328" type="surname" value="SULLIVAN"/>
<interp inst="def2-22-19110328" type="given" value="JEREMIAH"/>
<interp inst="def2-22-19110328" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SULLIVAN</hi>, Jeremiah</persName> (44, labourer,
<rs id="t19110328-22-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-22-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-22-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19110328-22-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-22-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-22-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>of feloniously attempting to break and enter the warehouse of
<persName id="t19110328-name-58" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-58" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-58" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-22-offence-1 t19110328-name-58"/>Henry Taylor</persName>, with intent to steal therein; feloniously breaking and entering the shop of
<persName id="t19110328-name-59" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-59" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-59" type="surname" value="COOPER"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-59" type="given" value="BARNETT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-22-offence-1 t19110328-name-59"/>Barnett Cooper</persName> and stealing therein 8s. 0d. in money and ten razors and other articles, his goods; feloniously breaking and entering the office of
<persName id="t19110328-name-60" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-60" type="surname" value="BRISTOW"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-60" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-22-offence-1 t19110328-name-60"/>Walter Bris
<lb/>tow</persName> and stealing therein one watch, his goods.</rs> </p>
<p>Wallace confessed to having been convicted on April 27, 1909, at Newington Sessions, receiving 15 months' hard labour for shop-break
<lb/>ing after two previous convictions of 12 and nine months. Sullivan confessed to having been convicted at Clerkenwell Sessions on Octo
<lb/>ber 1, 1905, receiving three and a half years' penal servitude and two years' police supervision for larceny from the person, after seven previous convictions of three years, 21, 12, six, three, six, and three months.</p>
<p>Sentences, Wallace,
<rs id="t19110328-22-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-22-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-22-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-19110328 t19110328-22-punishment-24"/>18 months' hard labour;</rs> Sullivan,
<rs id="t19110328-22-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-22-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-22-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-22-19110328 t19110328-22-punishment-25"/>Three years penal servitude.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, March 29.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110328-23">
<interp inst="t19110328-23" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110328"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-23" type="date" value="19110328"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-23-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-19110328 t19110328-23-offence-1 t19110328-23-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-23-19110328" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-23-19110328" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19110328" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19110328" type="surname" value="LARKINS"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19110328" type="given" value="WILLIAM ASHLEY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LARKINS</hi>, William Ashley (32, none)</persName>
<rs id="t19110328-23-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-23-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-23-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="libel"/>, unlawfully writing and publishing and causing to be published a certain false, malicious, scandalous, and defamatory libel of and concerning
<persName id="t19110328-name-62" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-62" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-62" type="surname" value="PIGGOTT"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-62" type="given" value="ELSIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-23-offence-1 t19110328-name-62"/>Elsie Piggott</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Eustace Fulton prosecuted.</p>
<p>The Jury were sworn to try whether prisoner was insane, so as to be unable to plead.</p>
<p>Detective-inspector
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS TAPPENDEN</hi>, F Division, produced and proved a printed document bearing the name "Larkins' Employment Scheme."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-63" type="surname" value="DYER"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-63" type="given" value="SIDNEY REGINALD"/>SIDNEY REGINALD DYER</persName> </hi>, Medical Officer, Brixton Prison. I have had prisoner under my daily observation since he came to the prison on March 6 with a view to discovering his mental condition. I have seen this printed document headed "Memorial of William Ashley Larkins to the Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain." (This was read. It asked that the circumstances under which Mr. Paul Taylor had issued a summons against prisoner for libel be inquired into in view of Mr. Taylor's attitude towards him when he met him in the street, and asking whether the letter which he had written "in the interests of a little helpless child" could be considered libellous.) Prisoner said that Mr. Paul Taylor had met him in Oxford Street</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280013"/>
<p>several times and had behaved in a very rude manner to him, accost
<lb/>ing him in a patronising way, which he said he could not stand from an inferior, and that he was trying to hunt him, prisoner, down to make himself popular. Those were distinct delusions. He slept with his boots under his pillow because he said they had been tampered with by the hospital warders; that was also a delusion. He says that he is a chancellor of English laws, appointed by a committee of the nobility, which is also a delusion. Another delusion he has is that one of the warders had. something to do with his child being taken from him. I consider him to be rather of a cunning, reticent, and suspicious nature; at times he is very muddled and confused; he is occasionally incoherent and has exalted ideas. He has a scheme of universal employment, of which he gives very incoherent accounts. (Witness here read extracts from a book dealing with this scheme.) My opinion is that he is insane now and was so at the time of his alleged offence; that he is not in a fit mental state to appreciate the charge against him or to conduct his defence, and that he is not fit to plead to this indictment.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by prisoner. (At prisoner's request the statement of the warder, William Cunningham, was read.) I can only say what this warder said you had stated about his being partly responsible for your child being taken away.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-64" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-64" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-64" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-64" type="given" value="ROBERT PERCY"/>ROBERT PERCY SMITH</persName> </hi>, Physician for Mental Diseases, St. Thomas's Hospital, formerly resident Physician at Bethlem Hospital, and
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM NORTH EAST</hi>, assistant Medical Officer, Brixton Prison, stated that their opinion as to prisoner's sanity coincided with that of the previous witness.</p>
<p>Prisoner, called upon for his defence, quoted, with a view to show
<lb/>ing that he was not insane, a number of criticisms passed upon a book he had written.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t19110328-23-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-23-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="miscVerdict"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-23-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="unfitToPlead"/>A verdict that prisoner was unfit to plead was returned and he was ordered to be kept in custody pending His Majesty's pleasure.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110328-24">
<interp inst="t19110328-24" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110328"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-24" type="date" value="19110328"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-24-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-24-19110328 t19110328-24-offence-1 t19110328-24-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-24-19110328" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-24-19110328" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19110328" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19110328" type="surname" value="HALEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19110328" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19110328" type="occupation" value="hawker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HALEY</hi>, Patrick (32, hawker)</persName>
<rs id="t19110328-24-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-24-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-24-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin twice within ten days.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Wilkinson prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-66" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-66" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-66" type="surname" value="PAYNE"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-66" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN PAYNE</persName> </hi>, assistant, B. Hemming and Co., hosiers, 34 and 35, Blackfriars Road. At 2.15 p.m. on February 25 prisoner came into the shop and asked for a pair of black socks at 4(d. I told him the cheapest I had was 6(d. and he bought a pair. He tendered this half-crown, which I beat; it was bad. I sent for a constable and gave him into custody. He was taken to the station, where I charged him, but the inspector refused to take the charge as there was insufficient evidence and he was liberated. On March 2 I identified him at the Bridewell Police Station.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by prisoner. I was not inclined to bake at first as it looked yellow. The proprietor, Mr. Goff, said to you that you surely must have known it was a bad coin and you said you did not and that you went merely by the ring of the coin. It was some time before he decided to give you in charge and when he said he would do</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280014"/>
<p>so you said that if you were a shopkeeper you would do the same and that he was perfectly justified in doing so.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">FRANK BANELL</hi>, 182 L. On the afternoon of February 25 I was called to the shop of Hemming and Co., where prisoner was given into my custody and I was handed a bad half-crown, which I marked. I asked him if he had any more bad money on him. He said, "No, I am surprised. I must have got that at 'Dirty Dick's'; I do not know where else I got it." I searched him in the stock-room and found on him a penny and an old brass chain. I took him to the station, where the inspector would not take the charge. He gave no explanation there as to how he became possessed of the coin. To prisoner. I may not have heard what you said to the inspector.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-67" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-67" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-67" type="surname" value="WARD"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-67" type="given" value="ALICE"/>ALICE WARD</persName> </hi>, assistant to F. F. Weinill, baker, 88, Farringdon Street, E.G. About 2.30 p.m. on March 1 prisoner came into the shop and asked for two scones, price 1d. each. He tendered a half-crown in payment, which I put in the tester; it bent. I gave it to Mr. Weinill, who told prisoner it was a bad coin. He said he had got it from "Dirty Dick's." I fetched a constable and he was given into custody.</p>
<p>To prisoner. You seemed to put the coin down suspiciously. When I bent it you looked surprised, but you did not say anything. I did not take it into the back parlour; Mr. Weinill could see me through the parlour door window and that is how he came to come out.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">WALTER BOSWORTH</hi>, 86 V. On March 1 I was called to 88, Farringdon Street, where I saw prisoner detained. Weinill handed me this coin, saying he thought it was a bad one. I asked prisoner where he had got it from and he said, "I must have got it at 'Dirty Dick's' last night." He was given into my custody and I asked him to turn his pockets out. He produced three sixpences and three pennies, good money.</p>
<p>To prisoner. You may have said that you might have got it at the house at the corner of Liverpool Street as well.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-68" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-68" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-68" type="surname" value="WEINILL"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-68" type="given" value="FREDERICK PHILIP"/>FREDERICK PHILIP WEINILL</persName> </hi>, baker, 88, Farringdon Street, E.C. On the afternoon of March 1 I was sitting with my wife in a room at the back of my shop, from where you can see into the shop. My wife spoke to me and I went into the shop. My assistant handed me a bad half-crown and I said to prisoner, "This is a bad half-crown." He said, "I am very careless with money. I had it given to me at 'Dirty Dick's' last night." I sent for a constable and gave him into custody.</p>
<p>To prisoner. The assistant never called me; my wife told me to go out and I did so. You said that you did not have any objection to my calling a policeman as you did not know it was a bad coin. You did not say you "may have got" it at "Dirty Dick's." You could have walked out of the shop before I came in.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-69" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-69" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-69" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-69" type="given" value="SIDNEY WILLIAM"/>SIDNEY WILLIAM SMITH</persName> </hi>, Assistant Assayer, H.M. Mint. Both these half-crowns are counterfeit and have been made from the same pattern piece.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280015"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-70" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-70" type="surname" value="HALEY"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-70" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>PATRICK HALEY</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). The witnesses have not given half the conversations that passed between us and what they have said has not been perfectly correct. On the first occasion I said I got it at "Dirty Dick's" and on the second that I may have got it there or the house at the corner of Liverpool Street.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I was at "Dirty Dick's" and the house at the corner of Liverpool Street, which is a large public house, the night of February 28, and I was the worse for drink. I remember changing a five-shilling piece at one of those places.</p>
<p>To the Court. I wanted to call an important witness, but he is not here.</p>
<p>On prisoner returning to the dock he made a long statement to the effect that on the night of the 24th he was in "Dirty Dick's," when he made the acquaintance of four men with whom he had drinks and that one of them changed a half-sovereign for him, giving him four half-crowns. He then became the worse for drink, and a friend of his, named Harry Paisley, whom he met afterwards took care of the two half-crowns for him, leaving him with one. On the following day he changed the remaining half crown in buying a pair of socks, not knowing it was bad. Subsequently, Paisley gave him the two half-crowns, one of which he changed in buying scones. Paisley had since gone on to the Continent and he could not trace him. He desired De
<lb/>tective-sergeant Frederick Wise to be called.</p>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">WISE</hi>, City Police. (To prisoner.) I have made inquiries into your career and find you have never been convicted, of a coinage offence. Verdict,
<rs id="t19110328-24-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-24-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-24-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Six previous convictions were proved, dating from 1901, the last being a conviction for burglary on November 16, 1909, when prisoner received 18 months' hard labour. He was released on the 7th of last month. He had spent the greater part of the last ten years in prison, but at times had been in irregular employment. Sentence,
<rs id="t19110328-24-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-24-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-24-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-24-19110328 t19110328-24-punishment-26"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110328-25">
<interp inst="t19110328-25" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110328"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-25" type="date" value="19110328"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-25-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-19110328 t19110328-25-offence-1 t19110328-25-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-25-19110328" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-25-19110328" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19110328" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19110328" type="surname" value="THOMSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19110328" type="given" value="CHARLES FREDERICK"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19110328" type="occupation" value="tailor"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMSON</hi>, Charles Frederick (32, tailor)</persName>
<rs id="t19110328-25-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-25-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-25-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin twice on the same day.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Pickersgill, M.P., prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-72" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-72" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-72" type="surname" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-72" type="given" value="BEATRICE"/>BEATRICE CHARLES</persName> </hi>, licensee, "King's Head," Cannon Alley, E.C. About 3.45 p.m. on February 22 prisoner was in the bar with four other men when a round of drinks and a 3d. packet of cigarettes were ordered by one of them. I served them and prisoner tendered a florin in payment; I gave him the change. I felt a little doubtful about it but I said nothing as I was busy. The other men went out slowly one by one, leaving prisoner alone. He called for another packet of cigarettes and tendered another florin. I handed him the cigarettes and 1s. 9d. change. I spoke to Thomas, a customer in the bar, and then returned to prisoner and said to him, "Young man, this won't suit me. Have you got another coin?" He said nothing, but took</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280016"/>
<p>to his heels. Thomas followed him and brought him back. I gave him in charge. I handed the constable the second florin he had ten
<lb/>dered and later I went to the station with the first florin, which I had placed on the Cox's till separate from the other coins.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by prisoner. In taking the florin from the till I did not take a lot of other florins in my hand as well. You were brought back within 10 minutes of your running away.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-73" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-73" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-73" type="surname" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-73" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>HERBERT THOMAS</persName> </hi>, insurance agent, 177, Aldersgate Street, E.C. On the afternoon of February 23 I was in the saloon bar of the "King's Head" when I saw prisoner with three other men. They bought some beer and one of them tendered a coin. Mrs. Charles said to prisoner, "Have you anything smaller?" and he said "No." She then gave him the change. She came to speak to me and then the three men left, leaving prisoner alone. He ordered a packet of cigarettes and paid with a florin, which Mrs. Charles handed to me. She said to him, "Haven't you a better one than this?" and he said, "Yes, half a minute," opened the door and ran out. I ran after him. He was running. About 150 yards from the public-house he ran into a cul de sac and I caught him. He said, "All right, sir, I will go quietly." I took him back to the public-house, at the door of which he struggled and said,
<hi rend="italic">"</hi>This is not a police station." A constable was fetched and he was given in custody.</p>
<p>To prisoner. It was about three minutes after you went out that I brought you back. I did not tell you I was a police officer.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROBERT HAMMOND</hi>, City of London Police. About 4.40 p.m. on February 23 I was called to the "King's Head" public-house, where I saw prisoner being detained. The landlady told me that he had passed two counterfeit florins. Prisoner" replied, "I did not pass two—only one." He declined to account for his possession of it. I took him to the station. On him were found a shilling, a six
<lb/>pence, three, pennies, good money, and a packet of cigarettes. On the way to the police court the following morning he said, "I met two men I knew. They do not live where I do; they live in South London. They gave me the coin to change."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-74" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-74" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-74" type="given" value="SIDNEY WILLIAM"/>SIDNEY WILLIAM SMITH</persName> </hi>, Assistant Assayer, H.M. Mint. The two florins shown me are counterfeit and are from different moulds.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-75" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-75" type="surname" value="THOMSON"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-75" type="given" value="CHARLES FREDERICK"/>CHARLES FREDERICK THOMSON</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath). I was having drinks with two men when I asked one for a cigarette. He said, "Call for a packet," and he gave me a florin, with which I paid for a packet. Mrs. Charles was asking me if I had anything smaller when these men walked out. I said I had not and was going out to look for these men. When Thomas caught hold of me I had the 1s. 9d. and the cigarettes in my hand at the time. He said he was a police officer, and when I found that he was taking me into a public-house I struggled.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280017"/>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19110328-25-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-25-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-25-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty of tendering the second florin knowing it to be bad.</rs> </p>
<p>A former conviction was proved against him in 1908 for stealing two bottles of whisky, when he was bound over. There was no doubt that during the last six months he had become associated with a gang of coiners.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19110328-25-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-25-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-25-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-19110328 t19110328-25-punishment-27"/>Four months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110328-26">
<interp inst="t19110328-26" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110328"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-26" type="date" value="19110328"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-26-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-19110328 t19110328-26-offence-1 t19110328-26-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-26-19110328" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-26-19110328" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19110328" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19110328" type="surname" value="HARRISON"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19110328" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19110328" type="occupation" value="porter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRISON</hi>, George (31, porter)</persName>
<rs id="t19110328-26-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-26-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-26-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, unlawfully uttering a counterfeit florin to
<persName id="t19110328-name-77" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-77" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-77" type="surname" value="DUCKER"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-77" type="given" value="FLORENCE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-26-offence-1 t19110328-name-77"/>Florence Ducker</persName> and having uttered on the same day another counterfeit florin to the same person.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Pickersgill, M.P., prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-78" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-78" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-78" type="surname" value="DUCKER"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-78" type="given" value="FLORENCE"/>FLORENCE DUCKER</persName> </hi>, barmaid, "Cumberland Stores," 15, Beak Street, W. At 10 p.m. on March 6 prisoner came in and ordered a glass of ale, price 1d. He tendered a florin, which I put into the till, and I gave him the beer and 1s. lid. change. Three other men then came in and joined him. He ordered another glass and ten
<lb/>dered another florin. I suspected it was bad and on testing it found it was so. I spoke to my mistress and then tested the first florin he had given me. With both coins in my hand I told prisoner he had given me bad money. He said, "I gave you that?" and I said "Yes," and asked him to return me the change I had given him for the first florin. He did so without hesitation. I sent for aeon
<lb/>stable. These are the florins (produced.)</p>
<p>To the Court. There were no other florins in the till when I put his first florin there.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">HERBERT NAIRN</hi>, 35 C. In consequence of a communication made to me by Ducker on the night of March 6 I stopped prisoner, who was walking down New Burlington Street. 1 told him that a complaint was made against him that he had attempted to utter counterfeit florins at the "Cumberland Stores," and he said, "I know nothing about them. I am sorry." I searched him and found in his right-hand trousers pocket two counterfeit florins, and in his left-hand trousers pocket one sixpence and a shillingsworth of coppers. On being charged he made no reply for the moment and then he said, "I don't know anything about them. You might get some one day yourself."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-79" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-79" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-79" type="given" value="SIDNEY WILLIAM"/>SIDNEY WILLIAM SMITH</persName> </hi>, Assistant Assayer, H.M. Mint. These two florins are both counterfeit and are from the same mould.</p>
<p>Prisoner, on being called upon for his defence, said that he wished to say nothing.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19110328-26-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-26-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-26-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>. There was no previous conviction against prisoner. He had refused to give any information about himself.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19110328-26-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-26-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-26-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-19110328 t19110328-26-punishment-28"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280018"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUDGE RENTOUL</hi>.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, March 29.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110328-27">
<interp inst="t19110328-27" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110328"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-27" type="date" value="19110328"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-27-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-27-19110328 t19110328-27-offence-1 t19110328-27-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-27-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-27-19110328 t19110328-27-offence-2 t19110328-27-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-27-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-27-19110328 t19110328-27-offence-3 t19110328-27-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-27-19110328" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-27-19110328" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19110328" type="surname" value="SUGARMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19110328" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SUGARMAN</hi>, Samuel</persName>
<rs id="t19110328-27-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-27-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-27-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, conspiring with
<persName id="t19110328-name-81">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-81" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-81" type="surname" value="MALLINSON"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-81" type="given" value="FREDERICK WILLIAM"/>Frederick William Mallin
<lb/>son</persName> and
<persName id="t19110328-name-82">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-82" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-82" type="surname" value="JENKINS"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-82" type="given" value="HAROLD"/>Harold Jenkins</persName> and others unknown by false pretences to obtain goods from persons who might be induced to deal with the said Frederick William Mallinson and Harold Jenkins, with intent to defraud;</rs>
<rs id="t19110328-27-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-27-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-27-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t19110328-name-83" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-83" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-83" type="surname" value="REICHENHEIM"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-83" type="given" value="RUDOLF ROBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-27-offence-2 t19110328-name-83"/>Rudolf Robert Reichen
<lb/>heim</persName> 73 table cloths and other articles, from
<persName id="t19110328-name-84" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-84" type="surname" value="KURTENGER"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-84" type="given" value="ENO"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-27-offence-2 t19110328-name-84"/>Eno Kurtenger</persName> eight boxes of embroideries, and from
<persName id="t19110328-name-85" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-85" type="surname" value="ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-85" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-27-offence-2 t19110328-name-85"/>Henry Allen</persName> 150 dozen handkerchiefs, with intent to defraud;</rs>
<rs id="t19110328-27-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-27-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-27-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/>unlawfully receiving 73 tablecloths and other articles, knowing the same to have been obtained by false pretences and with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. W.G.H. Jones prosecuted; Mr. C. F. Baker defended.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-86" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-86" type="surname" value="REICHENHEIM"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-86" type="given" value="RUDOLF ROBERT"/>RUDOLF ROBERT REICHENHEIM</persName> </hi>, 33, Noble Street, E.C., manufac
<lb/>turers' agent. In July last we received a visit from a man named Jenkins. He said Mallinson was a shipper to Canada, that he was conducting the Canadian trade for Mallinson and wanted to buy some embroideries and, if we were right, he would buy from us. He did not want goods for the home market. He looked round and made notes of what we had. He came back about a week afterwards and said he would take goods that he had selected. We then asked for references. He gave the name of Lazarus and Rosenfeld, of Bevis Marks. I went there. They said Mallinson had not done more than £15 or £20 in any one transaction. I was not satisfied and went to Mallinson's office and asked him for further references. He then gave me the Wholesale Supply Stores, 40, Marion Street, Leeds, the National Provincial Bank, Smithfield branch, and another. I think it was Siegel and Co. We got a verbal answer from the bank and a written one from the Wholesale Supply Stores, signed by H. Jacobson. The first order we got on July 7 amounted to about £180. He said they were for Canada. The goods were paid for. There were other orders on September 28 and October 22 and 26. The goods were delivered, but not paid for. The next lot was 30 boxes of embroidery on October 29 and the next 18 boxes of embroidery from stock. They represent a total of £340 worth, all perfect goods. None of it has been recovered and we have not been paid for it. I applied for pay
<lb/>ment on November 14 or 16 and found the office closed. I applied on November 20 for a warrant against Mallinson and Jenkins, which was granted. On that day I went to Leeds with Detective-sergeant Nicholls. On December 1 he and I called upon prisoner as ordinary purchasers. We looked round and bought half a dozen handkerchiefs at 4d. each. We then went to the Town Hall; Leeds, and then with Inspector Wilson we went to Jacobson's place. After leaving there we went to Sugarman's. Sergeant Nicholls told him what we were there for. I recognised a lot of my goods on the premises and told him they had been obtained by fraud. Prisoner made a statement, which he signed. After that he made various explanations. I quea
<lb/>tioned</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280019"/>
<p>him as to a lot of embroidery of mine. I asked how many boxes he had; he said six. I pressed him and he still said six. Then we walked round his place and I saw 22 or 23 boxes of my stuff there, He said, "Those are all the same goods." I said, "No, they are not all the same; they are three different lots." He said, "No, they are all the same." They were three different qualities, three different prices. Sergeant Nicholls looked at the invoices and ledger. Subse
<lb/>quently I went again with Sergeant Nicholls and Mr. linger; we got a search warrant at Leeds and inspected the stock very minutely. Of the first lot mentioned in the indictment, £77 7s. worth, we recovered about £38 worth. I recognise them by the patterns as being the goods supplied by our manufacturers. Of the next lot we recovered about £20 worth. From descriptions I had given to me from other creditors I identified other goods. I identified about seven
<lb/>eighths of the goods as having come through Mallinson.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. It was Jenkins who ordered the goods, not Mallin
<lb/>son. I do not know whether he was a Canadian or not. I saw Mallinson many times. I have not said that before because I waa not asked. He did not say he was going to do business with Canada; he said he was shipping. From July 9 to September 23 inclusive there was a satisfactory course of dealing with Mallinson. Befween October 22 and November 10 £340 worth were obtained which are unpaid for. I satisfied myself that Mallinson had disappeared on November 26. Some time before the 30th I knew the goods had been consigned by Mallinson to prisoner. I ascertained it through the London and North-Western Railway Company. The goods were not easily traced; it was the merest accident. They were addressed to and consigned to the Manchester Fent Company, 130, Kirkgate, Leeds. There was no attempt to obliterate the marks of identifica
<lb/>tion. I said at the police court, "The accused gave us every assist
<lb/>ance in identifying the goods"; also, "He had dealings with Mallin
<lb/>son in the ordinary way of business." "He produced his books and invoices and invited the police to examine them," was said by the police. He did not point out the goods supplied by Mallinson. If I said, "He very probably pointed out himself the goods which were supplied by Mallinson," I got it corrected later on
<lb/>in the depositions. He did not point them out. Prisoner gave us every assistance in identifying the goods. I do not think he volunteered the statement that they came from Mallinson. He only showed one letter from Mallinson to the officer. It was on the second interview with him I thanked him for the assistance he had given. I did not then regard him particularly as a dishonest man; he just happened to be the person we found with the goods. I went to see Jacobson at 40, Marion Street, Leeds. He says he is a jeweller and hardware dealer. He told the police he had known Mallinson three and a half years and had sold goods to him. He did not say exactly that he had never bought from Mallinson. He admitted having different goods from him, but maintained at first that they were goods he had pre
<lb/>viously supplied to Mallinson. I think he afterwards amended it. I examined the invoices which prisoner gave to the police and found</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280020"/>
<p>that the embroideries which were on his premises were only delivered to Mallinson on November 10. I found there was no invoice for embroideries after November 8. It did not occur to me that invoices might be sent on in advance and the goods delivered afterwards. I think I heard prisoner say he had made inquiries about Mallinson through his bank. He said, "I admit I had suspicions at first, but I made inquiries through my bank and they said it was all right." I was satisfied with the references or I should not have supplied the goods. On our first visit something was said about furs. Harrod & Stores were creditors who supplied Mallinson with a set of skunk furs value £9 10s. and they joined us in the prosecution. I was close by when they were selling a set of furs. The girl asked prisoner as he was speaking to us what he would take for them and he said £8 10s. I jumped to the conclusion they were the Harrod Stores' furs. (To Mr. Jones.) The £340 worth of goods supplied to Mallinson weighed 14 1/2 cwt. net and cost £24 10s. to £25 a hundredweight. The total quantity supplied from September to November 16—I took it out roughly—is 102 cwt. 3 qr. 14 1b. According to the ledger the amount charged is £777, a little over £7 a hundredweight. £7 per hundredweight is only the price of cut-up pieces of damask, whereas mine are the very finest made.</p>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">ERNEST NICHOLS</hi>, City Police. On November 30 I received a warrant at the Guildhall Police Court for the arrest of Mallinson and Jenkins for conspiracy to defraud. That has not been served. I went to Leeds on December 1 with Reichenheim. I had made inquiries and traced a large quantity of the goods which had been obtained by Mallinson to prisoner's address at Leeds, the Manchester Fent Company. I went there with prosecutor, had a look round, and purchased one dozen handkerchiefs. Exhibit 2 is one of them. I produce the receipt. Later, in company with Detective-inspector Wilson, of the Leeds Police, I interviewed Jacobson at Marion Street. 1 On leaving there we went to the accused's place and saw him again. I informed him I was a police officer from London and was making inquiries as to his dealings with Mallinson and Jenkins, of Milk Street, that it was alleged that Mallinson had obtained a large quan
<lb/>tity of goods by fraud, which were traced to his premises. Sugarman stated "He had dealings with me to the extent of £1,000." He showed me 19 invoices. The first is assorted linens and embroideries, £48 17s. 5d. There is nothing to show how the sum is arrived at. There is the date and the name of the Manchester Fent Company, but nothing else on it. The same applies to all the invoices. Pri
<lb/>soner made a statement which I took down in writing and he signed. He produced his ledger, one of his lady clerks read out the different items and I checked them with the invoices. It was found there were four invoices short; I afterwards found there were really eight short. She read out 23 items whereas she ought to have read out 27. Pri
<lb/>soner said they evidently must have been mislaid. He produced other invoices, but no others from Mallinson. There is an invoice from E. Cohen and Company, Mosely Street, Manchester, 165 1b. mercerised damask at 1s. 10d. per 1b. All the other invoices except</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280021"/>
<p>Mallinson's show how the sum carried out in the cash column is arrived at. I asked prisoner what Jacobson had to do with his com-pany. He said he was one of the shareholders. He also handed me then the memorandum and articles of association. Jacobson holds 25 shares. After prisoner showed me the 19 invoices and the letter from Mallinson he showed me his ledger. I inspected it and took down the statement. He informed me that Jacobson held 25 £1 shares in the company. Reichenheim asked if he had bought em
<lb/>broidery from anybody else. He replied, "Yes."Richenheim pointed out several lots of goods from Mallinson, and I then cautioned him not to deal with those goods. Prisoner said, "I cannot identify the goods I received from Mallinson from those I have received from other people."I pointed out some goods in bulky boxes and he said he would put those on one side until he heard further in the matter. He also asked me if he was bound to do so without the magistrate's order. I said, "You are not bound to do so, but it is a very serious matter, a large amount of goods have been obtained by fraud, and that is what I direct you to do."He placed no difficulty in my way in showing me the various goods. On December 9 I received a summons and proceeded to Leeds again in company with Reichenheim and Unger (also a creditor), and I attended the Leeds Police Court, when those gentlemen swore an information and obtained a search warrant. The same day I went with Inspector Wilson to defendant's premises. Inspector Wilson seized. a large quantity of goods. When we entered defendant was in company with Jacobson. I served defendant with the summons; he read it and said, "What are the grounds of the conspiracy; I am prepared to go." Inspector Wilson read the search warrant to prisoner who said, "All right, I understand it." He afterwards said, "I admit I was suspicious at first, but everything appeared all right. What else could I do? I made inquiries and saw that Mallinson paid regularly. My bankers made inquiries.'7 He did not say why he was suspicious at first. Reichenheim and Unger identified their own goods and the goods of other creditors from samples that had been supplied to the police. Those goods were taken away on the search warrant. About three-fourths of the goods in his stock were identified as their property. The accused was arrested, taken to the police station and liberated on his own recognisances. On the way to the station he gave his private address. We searched that but found none of the goods mentioned in the search warrant. On the way back to Kirkgate prisoner said, "Unfortunately, after you saw me last time I was taking Mallinson's letters to my solicitor and lost the parcel. I hope to get it back; somebody must hare found it." He said he had advertised for them. I have not heard of them since. Prisoner produced only one letter from Mallinson. The goods which were seized are at Moor Lane Police Station, with the exception of the samples, which are here. With the exception of one box or part of a box of embroidery we seized every piece of em
<lb/>broidery at Sugarman's place. Rose Angel, one of the directors of this company, was served with notice to produce the books and docu
<lb/>ments relating to the transactions with Mallinson; she produced</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280022"/>
<p>them on the first hearing at the Guildhall. There are four books, and Exhibit 18 was handed to me by prisoner on January 7. It is labelled "Day Book" and seems to be a rough account book. A collection of invoices from other suppliers was handed to me by defendant's solicitor on December 29.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-87" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-87" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-87" type="surname" value="DYSON"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-87" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK DYSON</persName> </hi>. 13, Wittall Street, Manchester, smallware mer
<lb/>chant. I let the premises 7, Wittall Street, to Thomas Holmes. He was allowed to sub-let, and sub-let to Mr. Blaydon somewhere about January, 1908. Blaydon dealt in fents and general goods. Sugarman was with him in the business. They remained there about nine months. They gave it up, saying things were rather quiet, and took a shop nearly opposite. A man named Gordon then took 7, Wittall' Street. He had it for two weeks and then found a tenant named Sinclair, who was there about two months. I knew Sinclair by the name of Mallinson. I learned that almost as soon as he got there. I saw Sugarman once go across the way at a time when Mallinson had a lot of pictures hung round. He might be looking at the pic
<lb/>tures. I could not say what he was doing. Mallinson stayed there about two months, then Blaydon came back again immediately to his old premises. I could not say if Sugarman and Mallinson were on friendly terms.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-88" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-88" type="surname" value="WATKINS"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-88" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES WATKINS</persName> </hi>, The Oaks, Woodford Green, Essex, surveyor. I act for Messrs. Knowles, the owners, 11, Milk Street. Mallinson took the premises for a term of three years at £90 per year. He has paid only one quarter's rent. He also took a yearly tenancy of the ground floor and basement 25, Jewin Street, at £100 per annum. He has paid no rent in respect of that.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-89" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-89" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-89" type="surname" value="PECKOVER"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-89" type="given" value="ARTHUR PALMER"/>ARTHUR PALMER PECKOVER</persName> </hi>, clerk, office of Registrar of Joint Stock Companies, Somerset House. I produce the file of the Manchester Fent Company, Limited. It was registered in 1910. The signatories are Samuel Sugarman, Rose Angel, and Rachel Sugarman. 225 shares have been issued, Samuel Sugarman 50, Rose Angel 50, Rachel Sugarman 50, Eli Cohen, Harry Jacobson and David Silver 25 each.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-90" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-90" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-90" type="surname" value="KARRY"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-90" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN KARRY</persName> </hi>, clerk to Mori and Company, carriers. I produce delivery ticket dated November 5, 1910, for a case of embroidery, weight 353 kilos. It was delivered 11, Milk Street. It is addressed to Mallinson and signed by G. Smith.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-91" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-91" type="surname" value="PAVITT"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-91" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE PAVITT</persName> </hi>, canvasser to Brasch and Rothenstein, carriers, produced other delivery notes.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-92" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-92" type="surname" value="HEAD"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-92" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY HEAD</persName> </hi>, police sergeant, London and North-Western Railway Company, Broad Street Goods Station, produced various: consignment notes relating to goods dispatched by Mallinson, of Milk Street, E.C., to the Manchester Fent Company.</p>
<p>----
<hi rend="smallCaps">LAGERWELL</hi>, traveller for Mr. Lee, manufacturers' agent. The invoice for £7 14s. 3d. (Exhibit 20) was made out according to my instructions. I produce the delivery note.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-93" type="surname" value="BLAKELY"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-93" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST BLAKELY</persName> </hi>, weaver and overlooker, Horsforth. I have only seen prisoner once before. I was a customer of the Manchester Fent Company at Leeds. On November 15 I purchased these boxes of</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280023"/>
<p>needlework, 4,500 yards at 1 1/4 d. per yard, and on November 16 I pur
<lb/>chased two boxes of needlework for £3 16s. 8d. and 40 pieces and 10 yards for £7 13s. 4d. The total works out at 2d. per yard. I also produce a sample from the box of six pieces, 40 3/4 yards in each, which I purchased at 6 1/2 d.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-94" type="surname" value="REICHENHEIM"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-94" type="given" value="RUDOLPH ROBERT"/>RUDOLPH ROBERT REICHENHEIM</persName> </hi>, recalled. As to the suggestion of the defence that the needlework, etc., were out of season and ought to be bought cheap I can only say I would like to trade on those terms.</p>
<p>(Thursday, March 30.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-95" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-95" type="surname" value="STOKES"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-95" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT STOKES</persName> </hi>, traveller to Messrs. Unger and Roberts. I called upon Mallinson and left some patterns for them to go into. Jenkins said their trade was with Canada and he had to go into the matter and put the figures into cents and dollars. The next day they gave me an order for 25 boxes of embroidery and three or four days after-wards I sold them nine more boxes, the remainder of our stock. They were delivered on November 3 or 4. Jenkins said he wanted them both delivered together as they were for one order—he men
<lb/>tioned Toronto and Montreal when I saw him. Afterwards he tele-phoned for me to call and see him, when he said he was making a shipment on that date and I was to send them in to his warehouse by about 12 o'clock in the day, so that he could include them with other goods he was sending off to the docks. I took another order from them for goods that required a month to make. They were not delivered because Mallinson and Jenkins had gone.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-96" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-96" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT ROBERTS</persName> </hi>. I am partner in Unger, Roberts and Co., 74, Aldermanbury, agents and importers. Last witness brought me an order from Mallinson for 25 boxes first and nine afterwards. I had references. I identify the goods as coming from our stock. They are our own patterns. We only sell to wholesale houses. Jenkins bought the goods. He said he had got a connection in Canada. We understood they were a shipping firm. They had got a packing room in Jewin Crescent. I have seen the whole of our goods except one box at the police station. The price Blakely bought at is not reason
<lb/>able. Retailers would not sell under 7 1/2 d. or 8d.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-97" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-97" type="surname" value="ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-97" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY ALLEN</persName> </hi>, Allen and Co., Belfast. I have an office in the City. On July 3 I received a call from Jenkins. He said he had a large clientele in Canada and Mallinson, who employed him, was going to launch out in his business. He said he had business in the North of England, but was coming down to London, that he knew no one in London and that he was working to get credit in London. He gave references, Lazarus and Rosenfeld, St. Mary Axe, and the Wholesale Supply Stores—that is Jacobson. I saw Mallinson. He said he knew nothing at all about shipping business, but Jenkins did. On October 1 I supplied them with 140 dozen linen handkerchiefs at 4s. 7d. and on November 7 10 dozen more. I identify one of the boxes. The others have been identified at the police station by a young man in my office.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280024"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-98" type="surname" value="LEGGETT"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-98" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM LEGGETT</persName> </hi>, 12, Lavender Grove, Dalston. I am in the employ of last witness. Early in July last Jenkins came and asked for samples as he was commencing a shipping agency to Canada. I was showing the samples when Mr. Allen came in. Jenkins said he was buyer for Mallinson. Mr. Allen took the order.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">H. M. SAINSBURY</hi>, merchant, 1 and 2, Mumford Court, E.C. I came into touch with the firm of Mallinson on November 9. On that day Jenkins called upon me and bought goods, which he said were for export to Canada. I did not ask for references, but I questioned him upon customers I had done business with in Canada and, as he seemed to know all my customers there or the biggest part of them, I concluded everything was all right. I had a lot of 18-inch wide sideboards and duchesses which were only of any use to Canada. They had been in stock some considerable time and I could not sell them in England. When Jenkins called on me and said he wanted to buy goods for Canada that was my opportunity of getting rid of some old stock. He bought them. I am sorry now I sold them to him. I did not take references as I always look upon a man as being honest till I find he is not. The total value was £83. I have identified about £40 worth at the police station.</p>
<p>Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">VAN THAT</hi>. I sold to Mallinson bleached linens. About £46 worth he has not paid for. I recognise this tablecloth with the ticket of the Manchester Fent Company as my goods. They were sold by me at 3s. 9d. per dozen and should sell at 5s. 6d. or 5s. 11d. The price on the ticket is 3s. 11d. Mallinson wrote to my firm in Belfast, who forwarded the letter to me. I called on him and he told me he was shipping to the Canadian market. He gave as refer
<lb/>ence the Wholesale Supply Stores, Leeds, and his bankers. The reply from the Wholesale Supply Stores is signed by Jacobson.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-99" type="surname" value="ROGERS"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-99" type="given" value="SIDNEY VICTOR"/>SIDNEY VICTOR ROGERS</persName> </hi>, traveller to Alfred Copeman, 6, Love Lane, E.C, manufacturers' agent. Receiving a communication from our firm in Germany, I called at Mallinson's, saw Jenkins, and made an appointment at our office. Mallinson's letter to our German firm is stamped, "Warehouse and Shipping Department, 25, Jewin Street." Jenkins called, saw samples, and bought £441 worth to be delivered to Jewin Crescent for shipment to Canada. He gave as references Reichenheim and Van That Brothers. I identify a sample of merino combinations as goods we sold to Mallinson. It has a sale ticket, "1s. 6d. 130, Kirkgate, Leeds." The retail price should be 2s. 6d. or 2s. 11d.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The wholesale price is 16s. 9d. per dozen.
<hi rend="smallCaps">SYDNEY WALTER PACK, CHARLES PARKES RANKIN</hi> and
<hi rend="smallCaps">CHARLES GEORGE THORPE</hi> gave evidence as to similar transactions.</p>
<p>Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">ARTHUR THORPE</hi>, City Police. I have examined the books of the Manchester Fent Company. Pages 1 to 12 in the purchase day book are missing. The entries are consecutive on pages 1 and 12. July is on page 1 and August on page 12. There is nothing to identify the missing pages as connected with the Mallinson business. Pages 14 and 15 and 62 to 69 are also torn out (the witness explained the accounts).</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280025"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-100" type="surname" value="KITCHING"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-100" type="given" value="ALBERT EDWARD"/>ALBERT EDWARD KITCHING</persName> </hi>, 74, Lambeth Road, Great Grimsby. In September last I was in the employ of Mallinson as clerk in auction room at various places in the north of England. At the end of Sep
<lb/>tember I joined him in London in Milk Street. I did not keep accounts. I made out one or two invoices of a kind, no details—statements. I am not aware that detailed invoices were made out at all, I never saw any. Mallinson himself would have made them out as far as I know. I was not fully occupied. I never wrote letters to prisoner and never read any that were sent to him. We sent goods to three or four different people. I am not aware that more goods went to the Manchester Fent Company than the others. I was not. in the warehouse. I made out consignment notes. I know nothing about the towels which appear in prisoner's day book at page 317 as having been sent to me.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-101" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-101" type="surname" value="SUGARMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-101" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL SUGARMAN</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). In 1908 I was associated with Blaydon, who carried on business as the Manchester Fent Com
<lb/>pany in Wittall Street, Manchester. I received £4 as manager, Blaydon had shops in other towns. I used to go and carry out the preliminaries and set the businesses upon their legs. I gained a good deal of experience in buying fents while I was with Blaydon. The fent business consists of a kind of bazaar. The kind of business I established was somewhat original to other shops I have seen in other towns. The goods I bought are mostly soft goods. I expect to get them at considerably less than manufacturers' prices so as to be able to sell cheaper than ordinary shopkeepers. I buy travellers' samples, soiled and damaged goods, salvage and bankrupt stocks, and a hundred and one different kinds of stocks come our way that we are in a position to offer at below makers' prices. Very often we get quite new goods at what are obviously below manufacturers' prices. The fent business is more popular in Manchester. I had no dealings with Mallinson in my life before July last. I have known him nine or 10 years capually. I might see him once in one or two years. He called upon me last July. I do not think I had seen him for two years or more. I did not see him to my knowledge when he was occupying premises in Wittall Street. I may Have passed there. On September 4, 1908, Blaydon and I parted. The arrangement was that he was to have the businesses in Manchester, Halifax, St. Helens, and Bradford and I was to take possession of the empty shop in Kirkgate, Leeds. I had no capital, and my sister-in-law, Rose Angel, joined me. We carried on business in the name of the Manchester Fent Company and in her name. Rose Angel put in at first about £100. Afterwards she obtained £100 on a bill of sale on her fur
<lb/>niture and that was invested. We then occupied 11 and 12, Kirkgate. Two years later we took premises opposite at No. 130. The removal had nothing whatever to do with Mallinson. I then consulted my solicitor with a view of settling the proportions of the ownership of the business between myself and Mrs. Angel. He advised that a</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280026"/>
<p>private limited company should be formed. I left the question of the capital of the company and everything else to him. After the company had been established some months I called in Mr. Brown, an accout
<lb/>tant, as my system of bookkeeping was not as nice as I should like it to be. I gave him all the material I could, some of which was on slips of paper. With regard to Mallinson's invoice of £23 3s. 9d. of August 2 and the suggestion that the entry shows only a payment of £15, I paid him £8 3s. in cash and £15 by cheque. I put it in the ledger as £23. When the accountant came upon the scene he entered up the new ledger from the pass book and there he only found £15 instead of £23, whereas I took it from the actual receipt. When Mallinson came to see me in July he gave me a card. It had on it "F. W. Mallinson, 11, Milk Street, General Merchants and Dealers." He said he had opened out in London and was doing a considerable amount of business, especially in the North, and he often came across lines that might interest me. I had not the remotest idea he was coming. There is no truth in the suggestion that at that interview or subsequently I entered into a conspiracy with him to obtain goods from people. He either brought samples or sent them by post. I was never at his place in Milk Street or Jewin Street in my life. I have never seen Jenkins. I have only heard of him since the prosecution started. Mallinson did not tell me he was engaged in the export business to Canada. The accountant in posting up the books came to me at the end of every month and I gave him such explanations as I could about matters that he queried. I never checked him. The average takings per week from the time of the formation of the company were about £130. The purchase day book was brought by one of our lady assistants. The entries are in the accountant's writing. The 10 pages were out when the book was begun. The lady who brought the book is here. When the company was formed the stock in the shop was worth £600 or £700. The profits had been left in the business. The liabilities at the time the company was formed were £500 to £600 including the loan account: Payments to Mallinson were made by cheque. All our cheques are crossed with a rubber stamp. The cheques to Mallin
<lb/>son amount to £970 roughly. The last cheque, November 18, £124, was crossed and afterwards made open at Mallinson's request. He called that day and I gave him a cheque to straighten up our ac
<lb/>count. He said, "I am going on North and want some ready cash, do you mind opening the cheque for me." I wrote across it, "Please pay cash." He had written from London saying he had several prospects of getting some good stuff very cheap, only he had to pay cash, and it would be beneficial to him if I could accommodate him by sending bankers' drafts instead of cheques. If we send cheques we get three or four days' credit. I made inquiry of my bank about him because he made statements to me which I did not fully believe to be absolutely true. After receiving one or two parcels of stuff it struck me they were quite new and I felt suspicious. I then went
<hi rend="italic">to</hi> the bankers and explained my dealings with him. The bank manager decided to make inquiries. He sent for me and told me the man was quite</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280027"/>
<p>sound. I remember teeing Mr. Reichenheim and Sergeant Nicholls on December 1. They were looking about the shop as ordinary cus
<lb/>tomers might. Later in the day they came with Inspector Wilson. Sergeant Nicholls asked me whether I knew a man called Mallinson. I said "Yes, I had done a considerable amount of business with him" He said, "Are you aware these goods have been obtained by fraud?" I said, "You surprise me; I am not aware of it." He then asked me whether I would make a statement in writing. I agreed, and various other questions they asked me I readily answered. I gave them every assistance and put the office and stock open to them. All the corre
<lb/>spondence from Mallinson was on the premises at the time. Nothing was concealed. Next morning I went to see my solicitor at Bradford. One of the lady clerks got all the papers and correspondence relating to Mallinson's transactions, for me to explain to my solicitor what had taken place. When I got there I found the parcel was missing containing the letters and papers from Mallinson. I 'phoned to our place of business from the solicitors to ask if I had not forgotten them. They looked and could not find them. I called at another place where I had business. I telephoned there to ask if they had seen them. We then telephoned to the railway station left luggage office, and so on. We had no favourable reply. On the same day I caused an advertisement to be inserted in two Yorkshire papers. I be
<lb/>lieve one appeared the same evening. My copy letter book contains copies of replies to all the letters I received from Mallinson. Jacobson is a shareholder in the company. He has advanced me money for years. He is a frequent visitor at the shop. He takes no part in the business. Goods invoiced by Mallinson did not always come together. They very often came in three or four different consignments. The erasure in the day book was done by himself. It showed the actual cost from Mallinson. I agreed to give him 5 per cent. profit on stuff he bought if it suited me. I did not want the girls to know the actual cost because there are things they require very often for their own use on which I charge no profit, and very often they want things for their friends and neighbours and expect it at that price also. Nathan Silver is an intended brother-in-law. He has made me loans. With regard to the invoice for embroideries from Mallinson on Novem
<lb/>ber 8, Mr. Reichenheim says they were not sold to Mallinson till the 10th. We had samples probably 10 days before that and bought it from the sample. The things would be charged a day or two before they were consigned and they would appear in our books on that date, although we did not get them for some days after. As a matter of fact I carried those samples about Manchester and tried to offer them at a small profit, 3 1/2 to 10 per cent., but could not succeed. I decided if I could buy them at a reasonable price I would keep them till the spring. They are quite new goods. There is very little old stock in embroideries. We always claim to sell cheaper than ordinary shopkeepers. If we get a lot of goods that turn out very bad we occasionally sell under cost and are glad to lose money. As to the checking of the invoices, Sergeant Nicholls, Inspector Wilson, Mr. Reichenheim, myself, and lady clerk between us managed to get,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280028"/>
<p>out all the invoices corresponding with our ledgers as far as I under
<lb/>stood. It was news to me afterwards to learn that there were several omitted. As far as I am concerned, all the goods received have been entered up in the book. On November 9 I returned some empty cases to Mallinson's address. I had no idea they would not reach him. I heard that 10 to 14 days afterwards from the railway company. One day in November while Mallinson was in the shop he selected one or two little articles and said he would like them posted on to an address in Grimsby. I believe he said afterwards he would post them himself. There was never any division of profit with Mallinson. I have had no more relationship with Mallinson than with any other person I have done business with. I had no knowledge he was defrauding anyone.</p>
<p>(Friday, March 31.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-102" type="surname" value="SUGARMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-102" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL SUGARMAN</persName> </hi> (prisoner), cross-examined. I do not think I saw Mallinson in Wittall Street more than about once. I have heard since the prosecution that he was trading under the name of Sinclair. He was there long after me; I let the premises long before he took over the place. The Manchester Fent Company were there; that is Blaydon. I had nothing to do with it. I left for Leeds. I used to go there to buy goods after I left for Leeds. The business was in Blaydon's possession. The first possession of Blaydon and myself of 11, Wittall Street was January to November. I was associated with Blaydon from January, 1908, to September, when I took over posses
<lb/>sion on behalf of my sister-in-law. We used some of the Manchester Fent Company's old billheads. There was no name at all on the shop. I heard Dyson say that when the Manchester Fent Company gave up 11, Wittall Street in November Mallinson came in and the Manchester Fent Company went opposite to No. 8, and that Mallin
<lb/>son went out of No. 11 and the Manchester Fent Company went back again. I had nothing to do with that. I have been in No. 8 when the Manchester-Fent Company were there, but I had no connection with it. I may have been there to buy goods when they went back to No. 11. Our ledger will show that we bought hundreds of pounds worth of goods there. I had no more friendship with Mallinson than passing "Good day" and "Good night." I did not know him there as Sinclair. He was trading as Mallinson. I did not take particular notice what name was up. I first learned that he used the name of Sinclair from the prosecution. Mallinson's private address in Man
<lb/>chester is 20, Clode Street, near Higher Crumpsall. Possibly he might have been in my shop. I had not seen him, to my knowledge, for two years previous to July, 1910. (Book handed to witness containing the following entry: "January, 1910, Mr. F. Sinclair, 20, Clode Street, Higher Crumpsall, Manchester," giving details of goods sup
<lb/>plied to the value of £1 7s. 6d.) If this was Sinclair he may have bought them and had them sent in that name but I should not assume it was his name. This entry is my own writing. When people come to buy goods and give me an address to send to I do not</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280029"/>
<p>want to know who they are. I may have known him as Sinclair, but I would not attach any importance to it. My statement that I never knew Mallinson as Sinclair until the prosecution started was not knowingly false. I had not gone into details with him to know whether he was Mallinson or Sinclair. Perhaps I thought he was staying in the name of Sinclair. There is another entry on Feb
<lb/>ruary 16 of goods sent to Sinclair, £1 5s. I did not take that order. It is in one of the employes writing. I might have entered in there from the book. When Sergeant Nicholls asked me when I first knew Mallinson I told him in this particular business I never knew him before July. I do not remember if he asked, "When did you first know Mallinson? "or words to that effect. I may have said, "I first knew Mallinson in July, 1910." I should not think I said it. I do not know what I said. If I said I knew Mallinson for the first time in July, 1910, it was grossly untrue. I did know him and still I cannot say I did know him. I have known him by repute. I swear I volunteered everything to the police. I showed them the whole bunch of letters and invoices—let them take what they liked. I cannot say what I have shown them. If they did not look it was. not my fault. They were there for them to see. Absolutely on my oath, every letter received from Mallinson was among those papers. The letters of Mallinson that I lost contained full details of the goods he sold to me in most cases. They did not give the prices he paid for the goods. In some cases he gave the actual prices, but said he bought hem subject to discount. He did not give the manu-facturer's price in every case. I cannot say when Mallinson went out of the jewellery business. I have been a jeweller for a number of years. His system was, take a shop and sell by legal auction. I travelled different markets. We were doing similar business. It did not strike me as strange that Mallinson should be offering me con-siderable quantities of perfect goods at below manufacturer's prices. I think I asked him how he came to change his trade from jeweller to soft goods. I did not ask him where he purchased the goods. He told me called on various manufacturers to buy stuff. I never asked him for the manufacturers' names. It did not concern me where they came from. I wanted to be satisfied the man was an honest bona fide tradesman and went to my bankers 6 October 12. He told me he came across a lot of manufacturers' stuff, some more than 50 per cent. below cost price; I would not give 70 per cent. off. I believe he dropped one invoice out of his pocket in our place. I gave it to the police. That is the only invoice I had. Reichenheim's name was first given to me, probably in July or August, by, I think, Cassella Brothers, Cannon Street, Manchester; it might have been Bacher and Co. or Woolfson. I never got it from Mallinson. I understood Mallinson was getting a profit on everything he sold. He very often sent samples on by post and wrote a letter accompanying them, explain
<lb/>ing what sort of goods he had. (The witness was cross-examiend at great length on each invoice sent to Mallinson as to the price at which he offered the goods for sale. The witness contended that his sale price was always above manufacturer's price.) My private mark is</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280030"/>
<p>Chimney pot." I have had no dealings with Sainsbury. Exhibit 199 shown, to witness. I do not know what the private mark repre-sents. Mallinson told me he would send up a certain quantity of goods and the manufacturer's price would be so and so less discount. Probably while he was ringing on the telephone I made notes of it to compare it when the stuff came. I admit the prices which Mr. Sainsbury said represented the cost prices are the prices I received from Mallinson. I was always under the impression Mallinson bought them either as clearing lines or job stocks. I generally agreed the prices with Mallinson. I did not know what it cost him in many cases. The goods mentioned in Mallinson's letter he explained to me the nature of as far as he could. He said they were accumulated in the place and I said I would have them and give him 5 per cent. on his purchase if they were as represented. I cannot say that £126 represents the full manufacturer's price. I wanted to see the stuff first. I would not have anything he got hold of; I bought stuff that would be saleable for us. As to Kitching's evidence that every consignment of goods from Mallinson except two came to me, has it not been admitted by the police that there has been a lot of goods gone to other people besides me? I understood so from the police themselves. Two lots went to Jacobson, our shareholder. Mallinson has offered me goods in galore that I would not have and returned. He sent one lot at what I thought an exorbitant price and we told him we should send it back and offered him a price which he accepted, and we kept it. As to none of the invoices subsequent to November 1 showing Mallinson was making 5 per cent., it may have been worked out in some other invoice. I never tried to work it out. As he sent me a lot of goods, explaining what they were, if the price was right we passed them through our books as purchased. I cannot answer your question as to whether the arrangement of 5 per cent. on his cost price was carried out in any subsequent transaction. I do not know that I never carried out the arrangement. Up to October I paid him in every case by crossed cheque; then, after getting satisfactory refer
<lb/>ences, I sent him bank drafts. He explained that he must pay cash for most of the things he bought. I did not know that Mallinson never paid a penny for his goods after November. I did not go to Jacob-son to inquire about Mallinson. I never thought that at the time Jacobson knew him. Jacobson must have known him. I was not aware Mallinson was giving Jacobson as a reference. I heard it from the prosecution for the first time. I was friendly with Jacobson. He has not had the run of our place since the company was formed nor have I been in his. He has perhaps lent me £20 since the com-pany was formed. He never told me he was giving references to Mallinson. He would imagine I was one of the customers upon whom Mallinson was calling. I cannot tell you a single firm that Mallinson was doing business with. My letter of September 24 means that if the next lot of goods he comes across is likely to suit us, if it comes to a considerable amount of money, more than we are willing to purchase at a time, then he might make use of a little of ours for £100. We would not give that bill until we received the goods.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280031"/>
<p>The object of referring to my bank was not to assure them that the transaction was all in order and that Mallinson was a respectable man. The bank would have discounted the bill of the Manchester Fent Company for £100, although it had issued no balance-sheet. The capital, being only £225, would make no difference. Our £225 com
<lb/>pany was sounder on the market three months ago than any £200,000 company. The bank has discounted our bills absolutely without guarantee or security. This bill drawn by Loomes was discounted by his bankers. He brought us a cheque in exchange for it. do not think that man has. got £100. We have never tried to discount a bill at our bank. We have never had a cheque returned. The hank would have lent us money; we applied to them and they were willing to give it to us. We did not get it because they wanted a detailed stock list. Our accountant can prove that. The reason why Mallinson's invoices do not disclose the rate of purchase, the quantity of goods, or the marks identifying them, is that we have to depend on the telephone or post in dealing with Mallinson; all the others we call upon. I was satisfied with whatever goods I received from Mallin-son and we agreed to pay, and paid. We took no trouble to check invoices except to see what we bought. I should think we have done £1,000 worth of business with Eli Cohen during the last 12 months.</p>
<p>(Monday,. April 3.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-103" type="surname" value="SUGARMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-103" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL SUGARMAN</persName> </hi> (prisoner), re-examined. The prices I paid to Mallinson were good market prices for the class of goods. As to my £50 invested in the company, I paid it in two or three sums at the time the company was formed. I had no banking account then. Of the £225 the only amount paid by cheque was Mrs. Angel's £50. My wife's £50 was paid in cash and went into the bank. Mrs. Angel received a cheque for £100 from the company and then she paid the £50. Nathan Silver is the only man who paid by cash. Jacobson did not pay for his shares, we gave him fully-paid-up shares. Eli Cohen paid cash. He bought his shares when he was in Leeds. With regard to the entry "September 26 cash purchase £225," the exact amount of our capital, the accountant will be able to explain that better than I can. The accountant took it from the cash book. The cash book would show I had £225 in hand, which I did not have, and he put it down as purchases to correspond, I believe. We paid the money we took practically straight away to the bank. We were doing about £120 a week.</p>
<p>----
<hi rend="smallCaps">BROWN</hi>, incorporated accountant, Leeds. I have only known prisoner since the beginning of last September. A member of my family asked me to call and see him. I did so. He told me he had no proper system of bookkeeping, and I suggested in order to comply with the Companies Act he should keep proper books and have them written up so that accounts could be prepared at the end of the year. I think he understood bookkeeping in his own way, but not practical bookkeeping. He gave me a book which he called his cash book, his bank pass book, and a ledger in which he had kept accounts by single</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280032"/>
<p>entry. Other particulars he gave me himself and certain receipts and vouchers. I instructed the lady clerks as to how they were to keep the books in future. (Purchase day book handed to witness.) The entries in this book are mine so far as they appear to be in one hand
<lb/>writing. This memorandum book was on the premises when I entered. I went through this book with prisoner in order to ascertain which were credit and which were debit accounts and then they were transferred into this ledger. Prisoner told me at the time that certain of the accounts he was across with, meaning that he might owe more or less to some of the firms. He told me Which they were and satisfactory evidence was brought forward that that was so, and in the new ledger that was all rectified. In the purchase day book pages 1 to 12, 14 and 15, and 662 to 669 are missing. Those pages were missing when I com
<lb/>menced work. I drew prisoner's attention to the fact. He said it was a book that one of the young ladies in the shop had given or sold to him and the pages had been abstracted before it came into his possession. I had free access to everything. If it had been an ordi
<lb/>nary trading firm a balance-sheet would have been prepared at the date I was called in. The entries in the purchase day book on pages 3, 10, and 27 are mine. It is my mistake in posting in the ledger 15 for 23. Prisoner had nothing to do with those figures. I told prisoner two or three times, seeing all his assistants had access to the books I did not think it wise of him to enter up items in his waste book show
<lb/>ing his cost price.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-104" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-104" type="surname" value="SILVERSTONE"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-104" type="given" value="ETHEL"/>ETHEL SILVERSTONE</persName> </hi>. 56 A Sheepscar Street, Leeds. I have been for some time in prisoner's employ, two years with Mrs. Angel, and one year with the company. I gave prisoner the book with the missing leaves. It belonged to my father. I tore the leaves out to write, letters on when I ran short of notepaper.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner used to travel to Manchester and other places to get orders. He was absent for a number of hours at a time. I could not say he was absent a day frequently, he might be once in two or three months. I never saw him go out with samples. I remem
<lb/>ber the police coming on December 1. I did not attend to the corre-spondence. Mr. Sugarman opened the letters in the morning. I do not know who attends to them. I posted the letters or whoever was at hand. I never noticed defendant going to post letters. I saw Mallinson a few times. He did not call defendant Sammy. The first time he called he asked if the manager was in and gave me his card to give to the manager. That was last summer. I took the card to pri-soner, who asked me to show him in the office I did not hear them speak. I never saw Mallinson when we were in Wittall Street in 1910. I never heard the name of Sinclair. As far as I could see Mallinson and Sugarman appeared to be strangers in July. I am sister to Nathan Silver. Silverstone is my proper name. Silver is for short. My brother goes by both names. I have not taken the name of Silverstone for the purpose of giving evidence here. My mother goes by that name. I have always gone by the name of Silverstone. Sometimes if anyone asks my name, and I think it is rather a long name, I say Silver.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280033"/>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19110328-27-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-27-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-27-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs> </p>
<p>. Detective-sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">NICHOLLS</hi>, recalled. There are no previous con
<lb/>victions. Prisoner is an undischarged bankrupt. He was made bankrupt in 1905 at Bury. He alleged then that he had a burglary. His story was not believed. £700 had been stolen from the safe. When it was examined by the police some of the holes which had been drilled in the back of the sate were rusty and some bright. The infer
<lb/>ence was that it had been prepared for some time.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19110328-27-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-27-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-27-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-27-19110328 t19110328-27-punishment-29"/>18 months' hard labour</rs>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JUSTICE A. T. LAWRENCE</hi>. (Thursday, March 30.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110328-28">
<interp inst="t19110328-28" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110328"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-28" type="date" value="19110328"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-28-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28-19110328 t19110328-28-offence-1 t19110328-28-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-28-19110328" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-28-19110328" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19110328" type="age" value="59"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19110328" type="surname" value="HASLER"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19110328" type="given" value="SUSAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19110328" type="occupation" value="nurse"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HASLER</hi>, Susan (59, nurse)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t19110328-28-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-28-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-28-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/> for and charged on the Coroner's inquisition with the manslaughter of
<persName id="t19110328-name-106" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-106" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-106" type="surname" value="ASHTON"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-106" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-28-offence-1 t19110328-name-106"/>Elizabeth Ashton</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Symmons and Mr. Roome prosecuted; Mr. Eustace Fulton defended.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19110328-28-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-28-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-28-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>(Deceased's death had been the result of an extraordinary want of care and cleanliness shown by prisoner, who had performed the duties, of a midwife towards her. The evidence was of an unreportable. nature.)</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19110328-28-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-28-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-28-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28-19110328 t19110328-28-punishment-30"/>Four months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110328-29">
<interp inst="t19110328-29" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110328"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-29" type="date" value="19110328"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-29-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-29-19110328 t19110328-29-offence-1 t19110328-29-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-29-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-29-19110328 t19110328-29-offence-2 t19110328-29-verdict-"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-29-19110328" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-29-19110328" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19110328" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19110328" type="surname" value="MCNAIR"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19110328" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19110328" type="occupation" value="manager"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">McNAIR</hi>, Arthur (38, manager)</persName>
<rs id="t19110328-29-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-29-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-29-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, feloniously causing certain grievous bodily harm to
<persName id="t19110328-name-108" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-108" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-108" type="surname" value="MCNAIR"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-108" type="given" value="ELSIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-29-offence-1 t19110328-name-108"/>Elsie McNair</persName>, with intent to murder her.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Fox-Davies prosecuted; Mr. Purcell defended.</p>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALBERT SQUIRES</hi>, X Division. I produce a plan of the "Queen's Arms," Kilburn. On March 2 I found in the back yard at the rear, outside the scullery door, three patches of blood. In prisoner's bedroom at the "Queen's Arms" I found in a chest of drawers a small tin box containing live cartridges which correspond with those found in the revolver.</p>
<p>Detective-inspector
<hi rend="smallCaps">FRANK PIKE</hi>, X Division. At midnight on March 1 I saw prisoner at the Kilburn Police Station. He seemed distressed and to feel his position very much. I said, "You will be charged with the attempted murder of your wife by shooting her in the head with a revolver and you will be further charged with attempted suicide by similar means." He said, "I am sorry I did it. She has led me such a dreadful life—continually coming to the house and abusing me." He made no reply when the charge was read out to him.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner bears a most excellent character. He served through the South African War and left the Army with a good character and medals. He then acted as a valet to an officer. (Witness here gave details of the different situations prisoner, had filled since his discharge from the Army, at all of which he bore an excellent character.) He was head barman at the "Queen's Arms"</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280034"/>
<p>and was believed to be a single man; single men who live in the house are preferred by licensed victuallers.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-109" type="surname" value="QUICKLOCK"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-109" type="given" value="FREDERICK WILLIAM"/>FREDERICK WILLIAM QUICKLOCK</persName> </hi>, licensee, "Queen's Arms," Kil
<lb/>burn. Prisoner has been in my service for four years as head barman. I believed him to be a single man. I did not know that he did not sleep in the premises. At about 10.45 p.m. on March 1 I was in the saloon bar when I heard something. I looked through the glass partition and saw him leaving the private bar with a revolver in his hand. I heard two reports from the back yard. I sent a waiter for a policeman. Two came and went into the yard. One of them brought prisoner into the kitchen and the other showed me a revolver. I went into the saloon bar, where I saw Mrs. McNair, whom I took into the bar parlour. She was bleeding at the neck and had black smoke on her cheek. She was drunk.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I should not have been pleased if I had known he was married. I had never seen his wife before, to my knowledge. The first thing I heard was one shot in the bar. He has always been a perfectly satisfactory servant. A year ago there was a burglary at the house.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-110" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-110" type="surname" value="MCNAIR"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-110" type="given" value="ELSIE"/>ELSIE MCNAIR</persName> </hi>, wife of prisoner, 3, Oxford Road, Kilburn. On March 1 I first went into the "Queen's Arms" at about 3 p.m., but I did not see prisoner. I went the next time between 10.15 and 10.45 and I saw him. I do not remember what I said, but I was aggravating him greatly; I was not sober. I do not think he said much to me. I cannot remember what happened. I did not see the revolver. I felt something, but I do not remember feeling much. I fell down, but did not become unconscious. I remember being in the office.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have been married to prisoner six years and lave lived with him on the best of terms. I knew that he was employed there as a single man. We have had no serious quarrels. He said he would rather I did not come to the house because it might lead to his dismissal. I went in on this night and he did not want me to have any more drink. I believe I then went into another bar to try and get some. He wanted me to go away, but I would not. I knew he had had a revolver for several years; he took it from our house to the public-house when they had a burglary there. I have entirely recovered from my wound. He did sleep at the public-house some-times; he slept there for some considerable time because of the burglary. Re-examined. The billiard marker told me next morning that my drink had been taken away because I was so drunk. I must have nagged at prisoner, but I cannot quite remember. I did do so. I did not complain twice to the police of prisoner threatening me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-111" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-111" type="surname" value="NORRIS"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-111" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT NORRIS</persName> </hi>, barman, "Queen's Arms." Between 5 and 5.30 p.m. on March 1 Mrs. McNair came to the house and asked for her husband, but, as far as I know, she did not see him. She came again between 10.20 and 10.45. Prisoner was serving behind the same bar as I was. She started "nagging" and tantalising him and went on for about 10 minutes. He could not stand it any longer and took a revolver from his right-hand side and fired it at her head. He ran out and his wife threw a glass of beer at him, which hit him on the back.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280035"/>
<p>I heard two more reports and I ran out after him. He said to me, "Can you square me out of this?" I did not see what happened after that.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I was four bars away from prisoner; it is all one bar, but there are partitions on the other side of the counter. We were very slack at the time and I was standing waiting for orders. Prisoner asked her to go out of the bar and she refused.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I never heard him actually tell her to go out, but I could see by his expression that that was what he meant.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-112" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-112" type="surname" value="ROBINSON"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-112" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE ROBINSON</persName> </hi>, 21, Kilburn Park Road. Between 10.30 and 10.45 p.m. on March 1 I was in the "Queen's Arms" when I saw prisoner and his wife. The bar was very full at the time and she kept nagging him. She went out for two or three seconds and then she came back and started her usual performance. He went through the bar parlour and came back almost directly. I heard him say, "See that, you cow?" and I heard the report of a revolver. I did not actually see the revolver in prisoner's hand because he had his hand covering it. He pointed his hand at her slightly upwards. I saw blood running down his wife's dress. Prisoner left the bar with a revolver in his hand and I concluded he was going to do something to himself. I followed him. He came out of the scullery, and I said, "Mac, where is that revolver?" The constable took it from him, and we found he had shot himself in'the head. He said, "I am sorry, but I am tired of the life I am leading," or words to that effect.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner said that when somebody had said that his wife had been hurt. She had been annoying him in the public-house on more than one occasion. He was trying on this occasion to get her to go out.</p>
<p>Re-examined. There would be about a foot between them when the shot was fired.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">EDWARD SNELGROVE</hi>. 595 S. At 10.45 p.m. on March 1 I was called into the "Queen's Arms" with Police-constable 135 S. I went into the back yard. Prisoner was standing in the scullery with a revolver in his hand. He was bleeding from the fore-head. I took the revolver away from him. He said, "You do not know what I have got to put up with from her." Mrs. McNair came into the kitchen holding a bloodstained handkerchief to the left side of her face. She went to clasp prisoner round the neck, saying, "Oh, my husband, what have you done?" The revolver contained one live and three spent cartridges.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-113" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-113" type="surname" value="DAVIES"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-113" type="given" value="WILFRED MAYNARD"/>WILFRED MAYNARD DAVIES</persName> </hi>, M.D., 203, Maida Vale, W. At 11 p.m. on March 1 I was called to the "Queen's Arms" where I saw Mrs. McNair. She had a wound in the left cheek about the level of the lower jaw which passed a little upwards and backwards towards another wound which was in the neck apparently in the line of the direction of the first wound and meeting it. They were such as could be caused by cartridges from this revolver, which is quite a cheap one. She smelt of liquor; she was decidedly drunk. I sent her to the hospital. Prisoner had a wound in the forehead crossing the scalp; the bullet had gone in at one end and come out at the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280036"/>
<p>other; it had just gone underneath the skin. It was such a wound that could be caused by the same cartridges. Judging by the blacken
<lb/>ing round the wound on Mrs. McNair's face the shot must have been fired at a distance of 6 to 12 in.; that is the result of the experiments I have made with the revolver. It requires a 20 1b. pressure to cock it and to fire it a 9 to 10 lb. pressure.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The wounds were not serious and the woman has completely recovered.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-114" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-114" type="surname" value="WEBB"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-114" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT WEBB</persName> </hi>, 135 S. I went with, Police-constable Snelgrove on March 1 to the "Queen's Arms." The doctor asked me as he was dressing prisoner's wound if I had found a bullet mark in the scullery. I said "No," and prisoner said, "I did it outside—not here."</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-115" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-115" type="surname" value="MCNAIR"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-115" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR MCNAIR</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I have had the revolver in my possession 10 years. I kept it at home, but about two years ago I kept it at the "Queen's Arms," owing to a burglary we had there. The day before this happened I discharged it and cleaned it. My wife came in under the influence of drink and started abusing me. I did not want my employer to know I was a married man and I begged her to go away, but she would not go. I got the revolver with the idea of frightening her. I showed it to her saying, "See this? "I had forgotten that I had recharged it the night before. It went off and injured her. I was so upset that I went into the yard and turned it on myself. I maintained my wife and went home to her every day in my rest time. I had been home that day. I had had no trouble with her.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I kept the revolver at the foot of the cellar stairs, close to the entrance to the bar. We have had words together in the public-house before this. We have not had trouble at home. I have not threatened her. I was so much upset that I do not know what I said to the constables at the time. I did not deliberately point the revolver at her.</p>
<p>Re-examined. When I left her that day I was on good terms with her. She was sober.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19110328-29-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-29-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-29-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>Guilty of unlawful wounding, under great provocation.</rs> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t19110328-29-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-29-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-29-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>The indictment charging prisoner with attempting to commit suicide</rs> was not proceeded with. It was stated that prisoner and his wife lived on very bad terms, and that on two occasions she had sought police protection, alleging that prisoner had threatened to shoot her. The wife was a woman of bad habits. Prisoner had been one month in prison.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t19110328-29-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-29-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-29-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-29-19110328 t19110328-29-punishment-31"/>Prisoner was released in his own recognisances in the sum of £50 to come up for judgment if called upon.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110328-30">
<interp inst="t19110328-30" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110328"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-30" type="date" value="19110328"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-30-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-19110328 t19110328-30-offence-1 t19110328-30-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-30-19110328" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-30-19110328" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19110328" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19110328" type="surname" value="BROOKS"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19110328" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19110328" type="occupation" value=""/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BROOKS</hi>, Edward (37)</persName>
<rs id="t19110328-30-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-30-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-30-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="illegalAbortion"/>, who was tried last Session for feloniously using certain instruments upon a woman with intent to procure her miscarriage (see page 416) was again put up for trial.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280037"/>
<p>Mr. Bodkin, for the prosecution, offered no evidence, and a verdict of
<rs id="t19110328-30-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-30-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-30-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>Not guilty was returned.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE RECORDER</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, March 30.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110328-31">
<interp inst="t19110328-31" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110328"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-31" type="date" value="19110328"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-31-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-31-19110328 t19110328-31-offence-1 t19110328-31-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-31-19110328" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-31-19110328" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19110328" type="age" value="63"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19110328" type="surname" value="BRUNNER"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19110328" type="given" value="ANTOINE"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19110328" type="occupation" value="interpreter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BRUNNER</hi>, Antoine (63, interpreter)</persName>
<rs id="t19110328-31-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-31-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-31-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, on
<rs id="t19110328-cd-3" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-31-offence-1 t19110328-cd-3"/>March 6, 1911</rs>, unlaw
<lb/>fully contriving and intending to deceive one
<persName id="t19110328-name-118" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-118" type="surname" value="LEE"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-118" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-118" type="occupation" value="superintendant registrar of births deaths and marriages"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-31-offence-1 t19110328-name-118"/>William Lee</persName>, the Superintendent Registrar of Births, Deaths and Marriages for the Westminster District, and to obtain for one
<persName id="t19110328-name-119">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-119" type="surname" value="WILLEMS"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-119" type="given" value="JOHANN JACOB"/>Johann Jacob Willems</persName> a license for the marriage of the said Johann Jacob Willems with one
<persName id="t19110328-name-120">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-120" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-120" type="surname" value="BRACHT"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-120" type="given" value="ANNA MARIA"/>Anna Maria Bracht</persName>, did unlawfully, knowingly, and designedly make a certain false statement to one
<persName id="t19110328-name-121" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-121" type="surname" value="COLLARD"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-121" type="given" value="WILLIAM GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-121" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-31-offence-1 t19110328-name-121"/>William George Collard</persName> (a clerk of the said Superintendent Registrar), to wit, a statement that the said Johann Jacob Willems and Anna Maria Bracht had resided at the Hotel de l'Europe, Leicester Square, for 16 days, and did unlawfully attempt to obtain from the said William Lee a license for the said marriage by means of the said false statement in fraud and violation of the Marriage Acts, 1811 to 1898, and to the great prejudice of the liege subjects of Our Lord the King; on
<rs id="t19110328-cd-4" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-31-offence-1 t19110328-cd-4"/>March 6, 1911</rs>, unlawfully did incite and attempt to incite the said Johann Jacob Willems to commit a certain misdemeanour, to wit, unlawfully, wilfully, and knowingly to make a certain false declaration required by the Marriage Act, 1856 (19 and 20 Viet., c. 119) for the purpose of procuring a marriage between him the said Johann Jacob Willems and the said Anna Maria Bracht; on March 6, 1911, did unlawfully aid, abet, counsel and procure the commission by the said Johann Jacob Willems of the misdemeanour of unlawfully and wilfully making and signing a certain false declaration for the purpose of procuring a marriage under the provisions of the Marriage and Registration Act, 1856.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Graham-Campbell prosecuted; Mr. Purcell appeared for pri
<lb/>soner.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t19110328-31-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-31-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-31-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>Prisoner pleaded guilty to all counts excepting those for aiding and abetting and making false statements and declarations, which plea was accepted by the prosecution.</rs> </p>
<p>The Recorder remarked that as the Magistrate had dismissed the charge against Willems, the principal, he doubted whether the counts for aiding and abetting could be maintained, but as no question had been raised and the prisoner had pleaded guilty to them, and as he had undoubtedly committed a common law misdemeanour, probably no difficulty would arise. He desired to associate himself fully with the view expressed by the Common Serjeant in the very similar case of R. v. Rudolph Martin (see p. 25).</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19110328-31-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-31-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-31-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-31-19110328 t19110328-31-punishment-32"/>on each count,Six months' hard labour; to run con
<lb/>currently.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110328-32">
<interp inst="t19110328-32" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110328"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-32" type="date" value="19110328"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-32-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-32-19110328 t19110328-32-offence-1 t19110328-32-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-32-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-32-19110328 t19110328-32-offence-1 t19110328-32-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-32-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-32-19110328 t19110328-32-offence-1 t19110328-32-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-32-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-32-19110328 t19110328-32-offence-2 t19110328-32-verdict-1"/>
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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280038"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-32-19110328" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-32-19110328" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19110328" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19110328" type="surname" value="GORDON"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19110328" type="given" value="GEORGE STANLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19110328" type="occupation" value="vocalist"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GORDON</hi>, George Stanley (26, vocalist)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-32-19110328" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-32-19110328" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-32-19110328" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def2-32-19110328" type="surname" value="NEVILLE"/>
<interp inst="def2-32-19110328" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="def2-32-19110328" type="occupation" value="artist"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEVILLE</hi>, Charles (21, artist)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-32-19110328" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-32-19110328" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-32-19110328" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def3-32-19110328" type="surname" value="WISE"/>
<interp inst="def3-32-19110328" type="given" value="EDWARD WALTER"/>
<interp inst="def3-32-19110328" type="occupation" value="music-hall artist"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WISE</hi>, Edward Walter (18, music-hall artist)</persName>,
<rs id="t19110328-32-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-32-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-32-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19110328-32-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-32-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-32-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>of stealing one watch, one ring and other articles, the goods of
<persName id="t19110328-name-125" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-125" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-125" type="surname" value="HAYTON"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-125" type="given" value="FLORENCE LOUISA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-32-offence-1 t19110328-name-125"/>Florence Louisa Hayton</persName>, and one bracelet, one ring and other articles, the goods of
<persName id="t19110328-name-126" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-126" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-126" type="surname" value="HORN"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-126" type="given" value="ETHEL MAUD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-32-offence-1 t19110328-name-126"/>Ethel Maud Horn</persName>; stealing one typewriter and other articles, the goods of
<persName id="t19110328-name-127" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-127" type="surname" value="COOPER"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-127" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-32-offence-1 t19110328-name-127"/>George Cooper</persName>; stealing one pair of boots and skates and one dressing gown, the goods of
<persName id="t19110328-name-128" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-128" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-128" type="surname" value="MONTROSE"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-128" type="given" value="na"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-32-offence-1 t19110328-name-128"/>Miss Montrose</persName>, and one coat, the goods of
<persName id="t19110328-name-129" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-129" type="surname" value="MILLER"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-129" type="given" value="WALTER ALFRED"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-32-offence-1 t19110328-name-129"/>Walter Alfred Miller</persName>;</rs> Neville and Wise,
<rs id="t19110328-32-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-32-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-32-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>steal
<lb/>ing one ring, the goods of
<persName id="t19110328-name-130" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-130" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-130" type="surname" value="COBLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-130" type="given" value="FRANCES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-32-offence-2 t19110328-name-130"/>Frances Cobley</persName>, and two rings, the goods of
<persName id="t19110328-name-131" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-131" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-131" type="surname" value="COBLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-131" type="given" value="EDITH HAMILTON"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-32-offence-2 t19110328-name-131"/>Edith Hamilton Cobley</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Gordon confessed to having been convicted at Westminster on June 22, 1910, in the name of
<persName id="t19110328-name-132">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-132" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-132" type="given" value="GEORGE ARTHUR"/>George Arthur Edwards</persName>, receiving six months' hard labour for larceny, after a previous conviction. The three prisoners were stated to have committed a large number of ro
<lb/>beries from boarding houses during the past three or four months.</p>
<p>Sentence: Gordon,
<rs id="t19110328-32-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-32-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-32-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-32-19110328 t19110328-32-punishment-33"/>20 months' hard labour</rs>; Neville and Wise,
<rs id="t19110328-32-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-32-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-32-punishment-34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-32-19110328 t19110328-32-punishment-34"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-32-19110328 t19110328-32-punishment-34"/>sentence postponed till next Sessions for report as to whether they are-suitable for Borstal treatment.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110328-33">
<interp inst="t19110328-33" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110328"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-33" type="date" value="19110328"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-33-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-19110328 t19110328-33-offence-1 t19110328-33-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-33-19110328" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-33-19110328" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19110328" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19110328" type="surname" value="DIXEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19110328" type="given" value="FLORENCE"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19110328" type="occupation" value="barmaid"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DIXEY</hi>, Florence (30, barmaid)</persName>,
<rs id="t19110328-33-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-33-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-33-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19110328-33-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-33-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-33-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>of feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19110328-name-134" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-134" type="surname" value="BOND"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-134" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-33-offence-1 t19110328-name-134"/>Henry Bond</persName>, her former husband being then alive.</rs> Sentence,
<rs id="t19110328-33-punishment-35" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-33-punishment-35" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-33-punishment-35" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-19110328 t19110328-33-punishment-35"/>Three days' imprisonment</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110328-34">
<interp inst="t19110328-34" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110328"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-34" type="date" value="19110328"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-34-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-34-19110328 t19110328-34-offence-1 t19110328-34-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-34-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-34-19110328 t19110328-34-offence-1 t19110328-34-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-34-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-34-19110328 t19110328-34-offence-2 t19110328-34-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-34-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-34-19110328 t19110328-34-offence-3 t19110328-34-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-34-19110328" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-34-19110328" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19110328" type="age" value="51"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19110328" type="surname" value="SULLIVAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19110328" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19110328" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SULLIVAN</hi>. Daniel (51, laboured)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-34-19110328" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-34-19110328" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-34-19110328" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def2-34-19110328" type="surname" value="ROBINSON"/>
<interp inst="def2-34-19110328" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<interp inst="def2-34-19110328" type="occupation" value="painter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBINSON</hi>. Alfred (28, painter)</persName>
<rs id="t19110328-34-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-34-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-34-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, both breaking and entering
<placeName id="t19110328-geo-2">
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-34-offence-1 t19110328-geo-2"/>St. Augustine's Church</placeName> and stealing therein seven vases and other articles, the goods of
<persName id="t19110328-name-137" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-137" type="surname" value="COLLARD"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-137" type="given" value="PERCY WHITE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-34-offence-1 t19110328-name-137"/>Percy White Collard</persName> and others;</rs>
<rs id="t19110328-34-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-34-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-34-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assault"/>Sullivan, assaulting
<persName id="t19110328-name-138" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-138" type="surname" value="BURCHELL"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-138" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-138" type="occupation" value="police constable"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-34-offence-2 t19110328-name-138"/>Arthur Burchell</persName>, constable of the Metropolitan Police, in the execution of his duty;</rs>
<rs id="t19110328-34-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-34-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-34-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assault"/>Robinson, assaulting
<persName id="t19110328-name-139" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-139" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-139" type="given" value="MARK"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-139" type="occupation" value="police constable"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-34-offence-3 t19110328-name-139"/>Mark Thompson</persName>, a constable of the Metropolitan Police, in the execution of his duty.</rs> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t19110328-34-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-34-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-34-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>Both prisoners pleaded guilty of breaking and entering and robbery, which plea was accepted by the prosecution.</rs> </p>
<p>Sullivan confessed to having been convicted at Newington Sessions on January 13, 1909, receiving 18 months' hard labour for possessing house-breaking instruments by night. 14 other convictions commenc
<lb/>ing 1901 were proved and also 14 convictions for drunkenness and assault.</p>
<p>Robinson confessed to having been convicted at Lambeth on Octo-ber 13,1905, as a suspected person, when he was bound over; stated to have been since leading an honest life.</p>
<p>Sentence: Sullivan,
<rs id="t19110328-34-punishment-36" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-34-punishment-36" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-34-punishment-36" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-34-19110328 t19110328-34-punishment-36"/>Five years' penal servitude;</rs> Robinson,
<rs id="t19110328-34-punishment-37" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-34-punishment-37" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-34-punishment-37" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-34-19110328 t19110328-34-punishment-37"/>Nine months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110328-35">
<interp inst="t19110328-35" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110328"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-35" type="date" value="19110328"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-35-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-35-19110328 t19110328-35-offence-1 t19110328-35-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-35-19110328" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-35-19110328" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19110328" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19110328" type="surname" value="CARPENTER"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19110328" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19110328" type="occupation" value="agent"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CARPENTER</hi>, Herbert (30, agent)</persName>
<rs id="t19110328-35-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-35-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-35-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t19110328-name-141" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-141" type="surname" value="SANDERSON"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-141" type="given" value="DAVID WALTER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-35-offence-1 t19110328-name-141"/>David Walter Sanderson</persName> a banker's cheque for £2 15s., with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Seymour Leet prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-142" type="surname" value="SANDERSON"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-142" type="given" value="DAVID WALTER"/>DAVID WALTER SANDERSON</persName> </hi>, High Road, Willesden, stationer. I knew prisoner as employed by Ramsden, Frisby and Lane, 10 and 11, Austin Friars, E.C. On February 11 he came to me with an order for 200 private cards and to have the address on the name plate altered.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280039"/>
<p>Then he handed me crossed cheque (produced) signed "Carpenter and Co." for £2 15s. 6d. and said would I oblige him by exchanging cheques. I gave him my open cheque for the amount, paid his cheque into my bank, and it was returned marked "R/D." I went to Rams-den, Frisby and Lane's office and found he left there two months before. I tent prisoner registered letter stating in the event of the matter not being settled the next day I should take steps to recover same. I received prisoner's letter stating that he much regretted the annoyance and asking me to hold the cheaque till he called. He called on the Monday, but I did not see him, and he wrote from Thames Ditton stating that he had been unable to see his friend and would clear the matter up the next day. I had another letter saying that he was ill and would settle it on Thursday and a telegram stating it would be settled "This afternoon." On February 18 he again apologised for delay. The cheque has not been paid. I should not have given him my cheque in exchange but that I believed he had a real account.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-143" type="surname" value="HART"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-143" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES HART</persName> </hi>, manager to W. B. Palmer, High Street, Thames Ditton, butcher. On February 18 at 3 p.m. prisoner ordered a leg of mutton and then said, "Cash me this little cheque and I will pay you," handing me cheque (produced) for £3 10s. Thinking that he was respectable and that I was getting a new customer I handed him the £3 10s. and he then paid for the mutton, 5a. 5 1/2 d.; the checque was sent to the bank and on February 22 returned marked "R/D." The mutton had been sent to his address, Western Road, Thames Ditton. I sent to the house but did not succeed in seeing the prisoner and then communicated with the police, having heard of his arrest. I afterwards received a letter stating that the money should be paid and regretting that Sanderson had acted so precipitately.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-144" type="surname" value="DICKINSON"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-144" type="given" value="FREDERICK HECTOR"/>FREDERICK HECTOR DICKINSON</persName> </hi>, clerk to London and South-Western Bank. I produce cerified copy of the prisoner's account trading as Carpenter and Company commencing on December 24, 1910, with a credit of £20. On January 19 prisoner asked us to honour two cheques which would overdraw his account about £5; that was agreed to, and his account was then in debit £4 15s. 8d. Cheques in favour of Sanderson and Hart had been dishonoured. No authority has been given to prisoner to further overdraw his account. Detective
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK HAYWARD</hi>, City. On February 24 at 9.15 I saw prisoner in Southfields Road, Thames Ditton, and told him that I should arrest him on a warrant for obtaining £2 15s. by false pre
<lb/>tences from D. W. Sanderson. He said, "I have written to Sander
<lb/>son and arranged to pay the money." I conveyed him to Moor Lane Police Station where he was charged.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-145" type="surname" value="CARPENTER"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-145" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>HERBERT CARPENTER</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). When I gave Sanderson cheque for £2 15s. I had a promise of two specific sums of money on the following day, £25 and £17, which I was to receive from R. Kenneth, 135, Finsbury Pavement. I have been engaged for two</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280040"/>
<p>years up to Christmas, 1910, with Ramsden, Frisby and Lane, and left there through a slump in the rubber market with a good reference. I had six clerks under me and received £200 a year salary and a bonus of nearly £100. I had £100,000 through my hands during the last few months. At one time Kenneth had been my clerk; he was in business as a financial agent, I had entered into partnership with him and expected £25 through the flotation of a company in-volving £6,000 and £17 for a fur coat of mine, which Kenneth told me he had sold for that sum.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Kenneth is not here. I have not been able to find him. I did not mention this before the magistrate—I told my solicitor.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19110328-35-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-35-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-35-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Prisoner confessed to having been convicted on May 21, 1907, at Kingston-on-Thames, receiving six months' imprisonment in the second division on three indictments, for obtaining money by false cheques.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19110328-35-punishment-38" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-35-punishment-38" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-35-punishment-38" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-35-19110328 t19110328-35-punishment-38"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110328-36">
<interp inst="t19110328-36" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110328"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-36" type="date" value="19110328"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-36-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-36-19110328 t19110328-36-offence-1 t19110328-36-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-36-19110328" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-36-19110328" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19110328" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19110328" type="surname" value="BIGGS"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19110328" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19110328" type="occupation" value="cook"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BIGGS</hi>, Alfred (35, cook)</persName>
<rs id="t19110328-36-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-36-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="damage"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-36-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="arson"/>, feloniously setting fire to a quantity of paper and a brush in a dwelling-house, certain persons being therein, to wit,
<persName id="t19110328-name-147" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-147" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-147" type="given" value="LEWIS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-36-offence-1 t19110328-name-147"/>Lewis Johnson</persName> and others; feloniously placing in the said dwelling-house a certain explosive substance, to wit, coal gas, with intent to do bodily injury to the said Lewis Johnson and others.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. St. John McDonald prosecuted; Mr. Ernest Walsh defended.</p>
<p>Prisoner was tried on the first indictment, for setting fire to, etc. (24 & 25 Vict., c. 97, ss. 7 and 8).</p>
<p>Mr. Walsh objected to the first count, setting fire to certain materials and things "under such circumstances that if the building were thereby set fire to the offence would amount to felony" (Sec. 7). He submitted that under that section prisoner could not be indicted for setting fire to materials or things with intent to set fire to something else.</p>
<p>Held that the count was good.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-148" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-148" type="given" value="LEWIS"/>LEWIS JOHNSON</persName> </hi>, 6, Vernon Place, Bloomsbury, restaurant keeper. On March 13 at 10 a.m. prisoner, who had been in my employment about a month as porter, was ordered by me to clean some glasses. He said it was not his work, although he had done it before, and I dismissed him. He had been drinking, became obstreperous, and struck me. I had to call a constable to eject him. I paid him 12s., the wages due. When the constable arrived prisoner went down-stairs to get his things, which were on pegs outside the lavatory, re-mained downstairs about five minutes, and left. About five minutes afterwards smoke was noticed. I ran down and found that in the lavatory a quantity of paper and a brush was burning in the w.c. The chef threw a pail of water over it, I threw another, and we extin
<lb/>guished the fire. The fire brigade was summoned. There was no smell of tobacco. I was afterwards informed that prisoner called for something he had left.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The lavatory was used only by the staff. The door was closed but not locked. The brush was about a yard from the door. I do not say that the wall could have caught alight. The firemen pointed out that the door had been slightly charred.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280041"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-149" type="surname" value="VERNER"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-149" type="given" value="CARL"/>CARL VERNER</persName> </hi>, chef to prosecutor. On March 13 at 10.15 a.m. I saw prisoner in the basement—there was no one in the lavatory. About seven minutes after he went upstairs, I smelt smoke, went into the w.c., where I saw smoke and flame between the door and the seat. I threw a pail of water on it and put it out.</p>
<p>(Friday, March 31.)</p>
<p>Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE EBSARY</hi>, E Division. On March 13 at 1.45 p.m. I arrested prisoner. He was hopelessly drunk. I put him in a taxi
<lb/>cab and took him to Gray's Inn Road Police Station. On the way he became absolutely mad and in a state of delirium tremens. I stopped the cab, got the assistance of five uniformed officers, and conveyed him to the station. At about 5 p.m. he was brought from the cell into the charge room; I told him the charge, he said, "You have got me for something now. The old man might have paid me what he owed me. However, let him tell his story and I will tell mine." He was afterwards formally charged and made no reply. At 11 a.m. I examined prosecutor's premises, I found in the lavatory a quantity of burnt paper and brush (produced), partly burned. There were other brushes 3 ft. away. The door looked black, but I did not examine it closely.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-150" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-150" type="surname" value="HENSON"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-150" type="given" value="FREDERICK MILES"/>FREDERICK MILES HENSON</persName> </hi>, fire brigade officer at Theobalds Road. On March 13 I was called by the police to a small fire at 6, Vernon Place. I found in the lavatory in the basement waste paper and a brush damaged by fire; a quantity of used matches were lying about. There was no smell of tobacco. There was about as much paper as a "Daily Telegraph" would consist of; it was about 12 in. from the door, which was very slightly charred.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-151" type="surname" value="BIGGS"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-151" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED BIGGS</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath). I wish to state that I was not in the lavatory after half-past eight the Sunday night previous and when I received my money, 12s., and after signing a paper to the effect that I received it I was asked to go downstairs for my things. I went downstairs into the scullery and was there about two minutes. During that time I was speaking to the chef. The master came down as I was speaking to the chef and putting my things on my shoulder, he said I must get off the premises. He pushed me, I lost my temper and attempted to strike him. He called for a policeman, who was standing in the shop at the time at the top of the stairs. The con
<lb/>stable came down at once and the master said he wished to charge me with striking him. We then went into the kitchen and he asked the chef in his native language (French, I think) if he saw me strike him. The chef answered no. The constable was standing outside the scullery in the doorway at the time. There being no charge I left the premises by the shop door and went home. About an hour after-wards—11.30, I think it was—I asked the wife to go over and fetch my razor strop, which I had left behind, and told her to ask prose
<lb/>cutor why he had sacked me. After that I went on my way to Bow Street to get a summons for the rest of the money due to me. A</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280042"/>
<p>little way down Kingsway I asked the wife if she had got my razor strop which I had sent her for. Her answer being "No," we went back and I went in to fetch my strop when the master must have seen me. The waiter told me there was a warrant for my arrest. I asked him what for, but cannot remember exactly what he said, so I came out of the restaurant and started for Bow Street again, but in the neighbourhood I am sorry to say I got too much to drink. I do not remember any more until I woke in my cell at Gray's Inn Road Police Station. I am entirely innocent of the charge brought against me.</p>
<p>Verdict, "We find the prisoner guilty of setting alight to the paper, but not of maliciously intending to damage."</p>
<p>
<rs id="t19110328-36-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-36-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-36-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>In reply to the Recorder, the jury stated that they considered pri
<lb/>soner was so drunk that he did not know what he was doing. A verdict of Not guilty was entered, and prisoner was discharged with a caution.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, March 30.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110328-37">
<interp inst="t19110328-37" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110328"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-37" type="date" value="19110328"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-37-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-37-19110328 t19110328-37-offence-1 t19110328-37-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-37-19110328" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-37-19110328" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19110328" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19110328" type="surname" value="PAYNE"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19110328" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19110328" type="occupation" value="painter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PAYNE</hi>, Henry (25, painter)</persName>
<rs id="t19110328-37-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-37-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-37-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, unlawfully having in his custody and possession four counterfeit coins knowing them to be counterfeit and intending to utter the same.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Wilkinson prosecuted.</p>
<p>Detective
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES CHANDLER</hi>, G Division. At 10 a.m. on March 3 I was in Hoxton Street, Hoxton, with Detective Newin and we saw prisoner there. His movements were very suspicious, so I spoke to him. He said, "Do you mind me speaking to my old woman? She is standing a little way up the road." I said, "Certainly," and we went with him towards the woman. Prisoner spoke to her and while they were talking someone brought out a glass of beer to him. It was just outside a public-house. Prisoner said to the woman, "They are going to take me down"; he then suddenly dropped the glass of beer on the ground and darted away. We chased him about a quarter of a mile and he ran into Messrs. Batey's, mineral water manufac
<lb/>turers, yard in Canal Road. Newin was in front of me and as I followed into the yard he was bringing prisoner out of a wheelwright's shed there. I heard someone say, "There is some coin down here." I took prisoner back into the shed and saw Newin pick up the four counterfeit florins now produced. I told prisoner, "I shall take you to the station for possessing these." He said, "I know nothing about them." I searched him at once and found a halfpenny in his waist
<lb/>coat pocket. We took him to the station and charged him; he made no reply.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by prisoner. When I first spoke to you I did say I was going to take you to the station on suspicion of stealing a lady's handbag, which had happened some time previously. That was before you ran away and before I knew you had any coin on you.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280043"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-153" type="surname" value="BRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-153" type="given" value="SIDNEY JAMES"/>SIDNEY JAMES BRIGHT</persName> </hi>, wheelwright at Batey and Co.'s, Canal Road. Between 10 and 11 a.m. on March 3 prisoner ran into the shed where I was at work, followed by Newin; as he went by my bench he threw out his hand and I heard something like metal fall. I then saw some coins on the ground and called Newin's attention to them.</p>
<p>Detective
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN NEWIN</hi>, 6 Division. I arrested prisoner and handed him over to Chandler. Just before that I saw him extend his arm as if he was throwing something down in the shed and afterwards these four coins (produced) were pointed out to me by Bright and I picked them up. Prisoner said, "I know nothing about them."</p>
<p>To prisoner. I afterwards searched the place where you lived. I saw a board there covered with green baize, such as is used in gambling houses. I cannot say that you had a gambling den at your house, but the woman you were living with at that house if a boxmaker and when we pointed out the table to her she said, "That it what we use for making the boxes on."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-154" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-154" type="given" value="SIDNEY WILLIAM"/>SIDNEY WILLIAM SMITH</persName> </hi>, Assistant Assayer, H.M. Mint. The four coins produced are counterfeit.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-155" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-155" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-155" type="surname" value="PAYNE"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-155" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY PAYNE</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath). For the last three months I have had a gambling den in my place and during the course of play I took these four coins; as I thought I knew who had given them to me I put them in my pocket to give them back to the man and get good money for them; as I came out of my house the two detectives arrested me.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19110328-37-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-37-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-37-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Prisoner had a very bad record. This was his first conviction for coining, but there were many convictions for larceny and assault; he was an associate of convicted thieves.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19110328-37-punishment-39" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-37-punishment-39" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-37-punishment-39" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-37-19110328 t19110328-37-punishment-39"/>Three years' penal servitude</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110328-38">
<interp inst="t19110328-38" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110328"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-38" type="date" value="19110328"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-38-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-38-19110328 t19110328-38-offence-1 t19110328-38-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-38-19110328" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-38-19110328" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19110328" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19110328" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19110328" type="given" value="DAVID"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19110328" type="occupation" value="seaman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WOOD</hi>, David (22, seaman)</persName>
<rs id="t19110328-38-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-38-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-38-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin twice on the same day.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Wilkinson prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-157" type="surname" value="BRAN"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-157" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR BRAN</persName> </hi>, tobacconist, Brook Street, Ratcliff. About 5 p.m. on March 14 prisoner came in and asked for a packet of Woodbines, 1d. He gave me a 2s. piece and I gave him the change and he left the shop. The coin produced is the one. On examining the coin I found it was bad and followed prisoner into Mrs. Stannard's shop. I asked him for my change back. He said he would give me a shilling and go and get me the other. I told him that would not do and I shut the door and kept him there until a constable came.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-158" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-158" type="surname" value="STANNARD"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-158" type="given" value="ELEANOR"/>ELEANOR STANNARD</persName> </hi>. My father keeps a tobacconist's shop at 27, White Horse Street, Ratcliff. About 5.30 on March 14 prisoner came in and asked for a packet of Woodbines, 1d., and gave me a 2s. piece. I did not like the look of it and called to my mother to come and give me a shilling to give change. Prisoner said, "It does not matter about the shillings; coppers will do. Then Mr. Bran came in and my mother sent me for a policeman. The coin produced is the one.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALFRED ATKINS</hi>, 42 H. I was called to Mrs. Stan
<lb/>nard's shop and there saw prisoner detained by Mr. Bran, Miss Stan
<lb/>nard</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280044"/>
<p>showed me a coin and Mr. Bran another. I tried them and found them both bad. They said they had got them from prisoner. I asked prisoner if he could give any account of where he got them from and he said, "I do not know." I searched him in the shop and found one good shilling in his trousers' pocket. I took him to the police station and searched him again there after he was charged, but found nothing else on him. He said, "This is my first day at this game; I do not care what I get."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-159" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-159" type="given" value="SIDNEY WILLIAM"/>SIDNEY WILLIAM SMITH</persName> </hi>, Assistant Assayer, H.M. Mint. These two coins produced are counterfeit.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-160" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-160" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID WOOD</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). On the day I was arrested I was standing at the bottom of Leman Street when a fellow came up to me whom I only knew by sight and asked me to go for a walk with him. After we had walked for some time he gave me a 2s. piece and asked me to get him a packet of Woodbines. I went across the road into Bran's shop and asked for a packet of Woodbines. I gave him the 2s. piece and he gave me the Woodbines and 1s. 11d. change. On coming out of the shop I handed over the cigarettes and the 1s. 11d. change to the fellow. He then gave me another 2s. piece and told me to get something to eat and meet him in two hours' time, when I could give him the change. He also said he could find me a job at £2 a week. I then went into Stannard's shop for a packet of Wood
<lb/>bines for myself and then Bran came in and told me the coin I had given him was bad. I did not know it was bad and I said I could see I had been caught in doing other people's dirty work.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I had seen the man before, but never spoke to him. When searched, I did say to the policeman it was my first day at that game; I also said, "I do not care what I get," but I was not thinking or troubling about what I was saying.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19110328-38-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-38-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-38-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Several previous convictions were proved.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19110328-38-punishment-40" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-38-punishment-40" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-38-punishment-40" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-38-19110328 t19110328-38-punishment-40"/>Nine months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110328-39">
<interp inst="t19110328-39" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110328"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-39" type="date" value="19110328"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110328-39-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-39-19110328 t19110328-39-offence-1 t19110328-39-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-39-19110328" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-39-19110328" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19110328" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19110328" type="surname" value="MACE"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19110328" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19110328" type="occupation" value="flower seller"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MACE</hi>, Joseph (22, flower seller)</persName>
<rs id="t19110328-39-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-39-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-39-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, uttering counterfeit coin. Mr. Pickersgill, M.P., prosecuted.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-162" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-162" type="surname" value="DAY"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-162" type="given" value="NELLIE"/>NELLIE DAY</persName> </hi>, manageress, Aerated Bread Company, 454, Strand. On March 17, about 2.40, prisoner came into the shop and asked for a bar of chocolate, 1d. He tendered a two-shilling piece, which was bad. I put it in a tester and broke it. Exhibit 1 now produced is the coin. I told prisoner it was bad. He said it was not and added, "Don't be silly and trump up a case against me." In the meantime I had sent across to our depot at 114, Strand, for the cashier, Annie Lewis, to come over. When she came she said in prisoner's presence, "That is the man who gave me a bad two-shilling piece just now." He said, "I have not been there." I then sent for a policeman and prisoner said, "Give me another chance."</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280045"/>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALFRED TYLER</hi>, 307 E. I went to the depot of last witness, who gave prisoner in custody for attempting to pass a bad two-shilling piece. He said, "Don't be silly; you have brothers of your own." I took him to the station and searched him, but found no money of any kind. In reply to the charge he said, "You cannot charge me with this; I only had one coin on me."</p>
<p>Cross-examined by prisoner. You did not say at the station that you did not know the coin was bad.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-163" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-163" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-163" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE LEWIS</persName> </hi>, cashier, Aerated Bread Company, 114, Strand. At about 2.30 on March 17 prisoner tendered a two-shilling piece to me in payment of a penny check. The coin was bad. Exhibit 2 produced is the one. I asked prisoner where he got it and he said something about in the City.</p>
<p>To prisoner. I am quite sure you are the man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-164" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-164" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-164" type="surname" value="CASS"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-164" type="given" value="BERTHA"/>BERTHA CASS</persName> </hi>, cashier, Aerated Bread Company, 6, Southampton Row. On March 16, about 5 p.m., prisoner bought a penny bar of chocolate in our depot and tendered me a bad two-shilling piece. I gave it back to him and he said he was sorry and gave me a good half-crown. The following day prisoner again came to the shop for a bar of chocolate and tendered a two-shilling piece. It was bad. I broke it in two and gave him the pieces and he returned the chocolate and ran out of the shop.</p>
<p>To prisoner. I have no doubt you are the man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-165" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-165" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-165" type="surname" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-165" type="given" value="JULIA"/>JULIA SAMUEL</persName> </hi>, cashier, Lyons' dept, 24, Aldgate. On March 16 about 1.30 prisoner came into our shop and asked for a penny bar of chocolate. He tendered a two-shilling piece and I gave him the change and he left. I then looked at the coin again and found it was bad. Exhibit 3, produced, is the one. On the day before prisoner was also in the shop and ordered a penny bar of chocolate and tendered a two-shilling piece on that occasion. He came in on the 17th again and asked for a penny bar of chocolate. I rang for the manageress, who asked prisoner, "Were you in here yesterday, because we took a bad two-shilling piece." He said no and walked out of the shop.</p>
<p>To prisoner. I am sure you are the man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-166" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-166" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-166" type="surname" value="FORRESTER"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-166" type="given" value="ROSE"/>ROSE FORRESTER</persName> </hi>, cashier, Aerated Bread Company, 137, High Holborn. On March 16, between 4 and 5 p.m., prisoner came into the shop and asked for a penny bar of chocolate and tendered a two-shilling piece which was bad. I gave it to him back and he said, "It was given to me," and went out.</p>
<p>To prisoner. I am sure you are the man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-167" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-167" type="given" value="SIDNEY WILLIAM"/>SIDNEY WILLIAM SMITH</persName> </hi>, Assistant Assayer, H.M. Mint. The three coins produced are counterfeit.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-168" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-168" type="surname" value="MACK"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-168" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH MACK</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath). All I have to say is that I did not know the money was bad.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19110328-39-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-39-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-39-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Prisoner confessed to a previous conviction for coining and many others were proved.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19110328-39-punishment-41" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-39-punishment-41" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-39-punishment-41" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-39-19110328 t19110328-39-punishment-41"/>Four years' penal servitude</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110328-40">
<interp inst="t19110328-40" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110328"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-40" type="date" value="19110328"/>
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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280046"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-40-19110328" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-40-19110328" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-40-19110328" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-40-19110328" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-40-19110328" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-40-19110328" type="occupation" value="silversmith"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GREEN</hi>, George (32, silversmith)</persName>
<rs id="t19110328-40-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-40-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-40-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, feloniously possessing one mould upon which was impressed the obverse and reverse sides of a florin, and two moulds upon which was impressed the obverse and reverse sides of a shilling.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Wilkinson prosecuted; Mr. St. John Morrow defended. Inspector
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE WALLIS</hi>, S Division. Medical evidence having been given that this witness was unable to be present, his deposition at the police court was read. The officer stated that in the room at 12, Little Drummond Street, Somers Town, occupied by Mills, he found in a chest three moulds, a polishing pad, four strips of solder, one wire coin holder, a file, two bottles containing liquid, three coin holders, a card holder, and a quantity of copper wire. One of the moulds was for making florins and the ther two for making shillings. When prisoner was arrested he said, "I do not know what you are talking about; I know nothing about it; if Mills says that Pearce came to the house with me I shall call Pearce as a witness to disprove it."</p>
<p>Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM HEXMAN</hi>, X Division. I went with Inspector Wallis about 7.30 p.m. on January 12 to 12, Little Drummond Street, and searched the back room on the ground floor. In a cupboard I found this plaster of paris, Exhibit 18, and on the top of the cupboard these two bottles containing liquid, Exhibit 16 and 17, and also a small tin and a packet containing antimony. I also found the spoon now produced, which is black and scraped.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. None of the things I have referred to were found in prisoner's house. They were all found in the lodgings of a man named Mills, who was charged with being in the possession of six counterfeit shillings and convicted at this court in February last (see page 345). When prisoner was arrested he denied all knowledge of the matter.</p>
<p>Re-examined. Mills was charged with being in possession of these moulds, but was acquitted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-170" type="surname" value="MILLS"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-170" type="given" value="GEORGE WILLIAM"/>GEORGE WILLIAM MILLS</persName> </hi>. In January last I occupied the back room on the ground floor of 12, Little Drummond Street, with my wife and children. I was arrested on January 12 on a charge of uttering and while I was at the police station the police searched my room. I was also charged with being in the possession of a mould. I was acquitted of that charge on February 11, but convicted of uttering counterfeit coin and sentenced to 18 months' hard labour, which sentence I am now undergoing. I had known prisoner about three weeks before I was arrested. I have also known a man named George Pearce for about two years. He lived at Mrs. Pollard's, 12, Grove Road, Hollo
<lb/>way. Pearce introduced me to Green at the "Peacock," Islington, and prisoner came to my house three or four times before January 12. He was living at 13, Sherringham Road, Barnsbury, he told me. The articles found by the police in my room were brought to me by prisoner just before Christmas. I answered the door when he came and he gave the things to me in a brown paper parcel and asked me to mind them for him, which I agreed to do. He said, "Be careful you don't let the wife or the children touch them bottles because there is poison in them." I put the parcel in the chest where the police</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280047"/>
<p>found it, and then went out with Green and had a drink at the "Royal George." Some time afterwards I found that the plaster of paris was coming out of the parcel and making a mess over my collars and ties in the chest, so I opened the parcel and took the plaster of paris out and put it in the cupboard. There was a small tin box and an envelope sealed up and eight shillings in the parcel. I took six of the shillings and put them in my pocket, and that same day, after having been out all day and having had some drink, I put one of these shillings down by mistake and was charged with uttering and taken to Albany Street Police Station. The police, after coming back from my house, showed me a parcel. It was the same parcel that was brought to me by prisoner. They showed me three moulds in it. I never remember prisoner ever having anything to eat in my house. When prisoner told me where he lived he said, "I have to get out of there because the police are after me. I do not know whether it is for one thing or the other." He did not tell me what he meant by that. He told me this one evening when he came round and said, "Come up and have a drink at the 'George'; I want to have a chat with you." I do not remember the exact date, but this was after he brought the parcel. He also said, "You do not mind looking after that parcel; it is not in your way."</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have always said that prisoner came to my house three or four times, not once or twice. I should think it would be December 20 when prisoner brought the parcel. It did not strike me as strange that a man I had only known three weeks should ask me to mind a parcel for him, because it was Pearce I did it for. I have known Pearce for two years and Pearce said to me, "Would you mind a parcel for my friend Green," and I said certainly, and he introduced me to Green and Green himself asked me if I would mind the parcel for him. It was the next time he came to see me that he told me the police were after him. I knew he was a silversmith, and I thought the things in the parcel were in connection with his work. I had no hesitation in taking the things and the bottles of poison be
<lb/>cause I put them away for safety out of reach of my wife and children. I took the shillings out of the parcel purposely to see if I could find Green, and I went up to the "Angel" to look for him to ask him for an explanation. I only took six of the eight shillings because two of them looked bent and dirty and I threw them back. A few days after my trial the Governor of Wormwood Scrubbs Prison sent for me to come to the office and asked me if I would go as a witness in the case of George Green and I said I would. I afterwards made a state
<lb/>ment which was written down and I signed it. I remember prisoner telling me that he had got a job at New Cross.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-171" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-171" type="surname" value="MILLS"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-171" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE MILLS</persName> </hi>, wife of last witness. Prisoner used to call at our house often. He came just before Christmas for the first time and brought a large brown paper parcel with him. He did not come inside the room. He asked my husband to mind it for him as he was in trouble. He also took out of his pockets the two large bottles (pro
<lb/>duced) and said I was not to touch them or let the children touch</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280048"/>
<p>them as they contained poison. My husband put them in a wooden chest, and he and Green then went out together. The parcel and the bottles remained in the chest until the police came on January 12. On that day my husband had gone to the chest to get a handker
<lb/>chief out. On the day I gave evidence at the police court in my hus
<lb/>band's case Green spoke to me and said that the police had been to his house the night before and made a search and that he had to appear at Clerkenwell next morning. He told me if I would say the same as he was going to say, that he denied everything, that he would look after me in the way of money. I said I should not think of saying such a thing, as my husband was in prison in his place.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. My husband was always present when Green came. I know Green had dinner at our place once, and he might have had a cup of tea if there was anything on the table when he called.</p>
<p>(Friday, March 31.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-172" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-172" type="surname" value="MILLS"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-172" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE MILLS</persName> </hi>, further cross-examined. My clothes were in the chest in which these things were put, and I frequently went to it; I never saw any money there; I never looked to see what was in the box.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-173" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-173" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-173" type="surname" value="PRICE"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-173" type="given" value="MARTIN"/>MARTIN PRICE</persName> </hi>, grocer, 13, Sherringham Road, Barnsbury. Pri
<lb/>soner occupied the top floor of my house from September till the first week in January. The police began making inquiries about him on December 3.</p>
<p>Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">TOM TANNER</hi>, L Division. On December 2 I commenced to keep observation on 13, Sherringham Road; I saw prisoner leave the house at 5.30 p.m. on that day and did not see him there again.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-174" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-174" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-174" type="surname" value="REYNOLDS"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-174" type="given" value="MARTHA"/>MARTHA REYNOLDS</persName> </hi>. I am the owner of 12, Little Drummond Street. About the end of October I let the back room on the ground floor to Mills. Prisoner used to call there. I saw prisoner in the corridors here during Mills's trial in February last.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-175" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-175" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-175" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-175" type="given" value="SIDNEY WILLIAM"/>SIDNEY WILLIAM SMITH</persName> </hi>, Assistant Assayer, H.M. Mint, deposed that all the articles produced were used in the manufacture of counter
<lb/>feit coins.</p>
<p>Prisoner's statement before the magistrate: "I have seen Mills several times in a public-house; I went home there once or twice to dinner while we were half drunk."</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-176" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-176" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE GREEN</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). It is not true that I asked Mrs. Mills to give false evidence at the last trial. I first met Mills about December. His evidence as to my going to his house and leav
<lb/>ing a parcel of bottles there is false. At the time I was employed by Mr. Frank at 142, New Cross Road; I used to leave home (9, Dorinder Street, Barnsbury) about 6 a.m. and return about 9 p.m. I swear that in the week before Christmas I was continuously away from my home during these hours. (Witness gave particulars of places at which he was employed before he went to Frank.) I have never been con-victed of any offence.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280049"/>
<p>Cross-examined. When I saw Mrs. Mills outside the Court last time I asked her why I had been told to attend; she said, "George says you brought the things to our house"; I said he had no right to say that and that it would get me into trouble. She said she was very hard up and would have to go back to her old home in Winchester, and asked me to lend her a few shillings towards her fare. I swear that I was not in the "Peacock," at Islington, on December 3 at midday, I was not at 13, Sherringham Road, on the 2nd at 5.30 p.m.</p>
<p>Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">TANNER</hi>, recalled, said he was positive he saw prisoner leave 13, Sherringham Road, at 5.30 on the 2nd.</p>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS POWELL</hi>, Y Division. I saw prisoner in the "Peacock" on December 3 about midday. I saw him on several occasions during December in the afternoon.</p>
<p>At the conclusion of the summing-up the jury suggested that Frank, the employer referred to in the prisoner's evidence, should be sent for to confirm or deny the statement that prisoner was at work every day during the last week in December. The case was adjourned for Frank's attendance.</p>
<p>(Saturday, April 1.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-177" type="surname" value="FRANK"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-177" type="given" value="AUGUSTUS"/>AUGUSTUS FRANK</persName> </hi>, of Frank and Company, 452, New Cross Road. I make umbrellas and employ six or eight workmen. Towards the end of last November a man named Challice, who had been in my employ about two years, recommended prisoner to me and I employed him on piece work. He used to arrive at 8 a.m.; he would have to leave his home about 6.30 to do so. He would work all day, with the excep
<lb/>tion of the dinner and tea intervals, till about 8.15 p.m. I was exceed
<lb/>ingly busy the week before Christmas, and the men, including prisoner, sometimes worked till 9. Prisoner would take between 1 and 2 for dinner and between 5 and 5.30 for tea, and he was invariably regular in coming back. I generally gave prisoner silver for mounting, and there was never any difficulty in his accounting for what he had had. He had an excellent character.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. He started in my employ on November 26. He must have been working for me between December 1 and 24; I would have noticed it if he had not been. At times the men have to wait for a job, but it would not be for long; they would either stay on the pre
<lb/>mises or go out to tea.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19110328-40-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-40-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-40-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MR. JUSTICE A. T. LAWRENCE</hi>.</p>
<p>(Friday, March 31.)</p> </div1>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-41-19110328" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-41-19110328" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-41-19110328" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-41-19110328" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="def1-41-19110328" type="given" value="GEORGE WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-41-19110328" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HILL</hi>, George William (35, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19110328-41-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110328-41-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-41-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>. Feloniously administering to
<persName id="t19110328-name-179" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-179" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-179" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-179" type="given" value="EVA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110328-41-offence-1 t19110328-name-179"/>Eva Hill</persName>, a Certain poison, to wit, cyanide of potassium, with in
<lb/>tent to murder her.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280050"/>
<p>Mr. Bodkin, Mr. Graham-Campbell, and Mr. Roome prosecuted; Mr. Curtis Bennett defended.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-180" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-180" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-180" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-180" type="given" value="EVA"/>EVA HILL</persName> </hi>, 88, Chapman Road, Hackney Wick. I have been married to prisoner fifteen years; I have five children, of which the youngest is three years old. We were at the beginning of last year living at 20, Brookfield Road, subletting a portion of it. We were on good terms. Prisoner's niece and her husband, Mr. and Mrs. Matthews, lived at Shillington, and his sister, Mrs. Burnage, lived at Church Street, Shillington. Last May I had to go into the infirmary and I took my baby, who was then five months old, with me; it has since died. I left the other five children at home in charge of one of the lodgers. On the August Bank Holiday prisoner took Willie and Alfred to Mrs. Burnage. Rosie and Florrie went down afterwards. Willie and Florrie came back in September. Prisoner was getting about 31s. 6d. a week and he also used to earn 15s. a week by working on Saturday nights at Lloyd's printing office. I was discharged from the infirmary about the second week in September. Mabel Merritt came to meet me; I had seen her for the first two or three weeks before when she came to see me. She told me she was living at my home when I saw her first. My husband said he was pleased to see me home. The next day he asked me if I had made up my mind to live at Shil
<lb/>lington. I said I did not want to do that and asked him what he was going to do. He said he would go into a back room. I said I did not care about doing that as the children would not see their father more than once or twice a year. He said he could not keep the house on any longer; that he had got no money and there were the rates and taxes coming along and something would have to be done. We were getting 12s. 6d. a week from the lodgers then. The rent was £30 a year and rates and taxes. We had been in the house two years, and most of the time we had had lodgers. I told him he could not have his money and spend it too; thai he had taken Mabel to different places of entertainment, such as "The White City," and that I had not had his money. He said, "If that is what you think of me, then, I am done. Mabel Merritt stopped till Septem
<lb/>ber 27. I went to the station with her and prisoner to see her home. At Victoria Park Station I could see I was not wanted and left while he went on with her to Paddington Station. He returned at 1 a.m. I never received the postcard that Merritt said he was going to send me saying she had arrived home all right. My husband rarely spoke to me after this. Somebody told me that Merritt was living in a furnished room at Victoria Park Road and about a week after she was supposed to have left for her home I went and saw her there. I did not speak to prisoner about it, but on the following Sunday I and my little boy saw him and her go towards this house. He took a portion of my furniture away, saying that it was going to be sold for rates and taxes; but I found that it was used to furnish rooms for Merritt in Ellingfort Road; I did not actually see it there, but I was told so. In the middle of October we moved from Brookfield Road with three of the children to 43, Cheviot Street. He only stopped one night there and then left me for good.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280051"/>
<p>On November 1 I got a separation order from him; it was ordered that he should give me 12s. a week and I was to have the custody of the children. I lived there three weeks and then went to my present address. I used to go down every Saturday to the wharf to get my 12s. from prisoner. I used to get 2s. 6d. a week for cleaning the offices at where he worked. On the afternoon of January 30 I saw him and on the evening of that day I saw him at Broad Street Station. We went from there to King's Cross. Nothing was said on the way about the children. He gave me no reason for going there. It was about 5.45 p.m. when we got there. He said, "What say if we go down home and fetch the children?" I was surprised) and said we could not travel dressed as we were in our old clothes, and that we could not fetch the children out of bed on a night like that was. He said nobody would see our old clothes. I said I would not go, but that I would save sufficient money and go down later to fetch them. He said I had lost a good chance, and I said I would lose it. We then went to Shoreditch, where he left me. I went home. On that night I wrote either to Mrs. Burnage or Mrs. Matthews, and on February 1 got a reply. I took it down to prisoner at about 9.30 on the fol
<lb/>lowing morning and told him that Flo had written to say that they were all coming to King's Cross on the Saturday and she would bring the children with her and would I meet her; she was going to South Wales. He said, "I don't care what you do. Do as you like." About 3 p.m. I received this note (Exhibit 2) from him, delivered by a workman: "I have been thinking it would be best for you to go down and fetch little Alfie, as it is so cold; he will want wrapping up well. If you care to see me to-night about a quarter past five I will see what can be done.—George. You will have plenty of time to let them know." I met him at 5.30 p.m. and arranged to meet him on the following morning at the works, when he would give me my fare. At 8.15 a.m. I met him and he gave me 12s. He said he would have to go to the other yard with a load and he would see me at Broad Street. I asked him what he wanted to come for, and he said he might as well "pop" across to see me off as he had a load filling near there. He told me the train went at 10.35 a.m. Broad Street would be on my way to King's Cross. I went to Broad Street, and not seeing him there went on to King's Cross, where I met him. He said, "I thought I told you to meet me at Broad Street." I said, "I had plenty of time, so I came a little earlier" We went and had a drink at a public-house outside the station. We went back to the platform, where we saw the train. We came to an empty carriage with the door open, and he asked me if I was going in there. I said I was not going into an empty carriage but that I was going into a carnage where I saw a nurse. Just as I was getting in the train he handed me a bottle and said, "Here is a drop of gin for you." I said, "Oh, you have thought of me, then?" He said, "If you do not care to drink it in front of those people drink it in the tunnel." I said, "If I want to drink it I don't mind who sees me drink it." I put it in my bag as he gave it to me. I was met at Hitchin and driven to Shillington. I hung the bag up behind the parlour door in Mrs.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280052"/>
<p>Burnage's house. Soon after nine on the following morning we all came up to town. I had not touched the gin, which was still in my bag. We arrived at 12 a.m., and I left Rosie with the Matthews and took Alfred home. About 1.30 I took him with me to see prisoner at the works. I asked prisoner whether he was going to kiss him, and he kissed him. I said, "A nice thing for him when he wakes up in the morning to see no dada. What shall I tell him?" He said he would see him to-morrow. He gave me my 12s. I had my bag in my hand all this time. I went home and put it on a chest of drawers. I then went to do the offices and returned home again about 4 p.m. At tea time, thinking I would have a drop of gin in my tea, I took the bottle from the bag and took the paper off it. It looked rather misty, and I thought that it looked funny. I just tasted it and it burnt my tongue and made me choke. I ran downstairs to the landlady, Mrs. Hall, who tasted it. It burnt her throat also. She took it to a chemist. On her return she gave it to me. At 8 p.m. I took it to the police-station. They gave me some instructions there. This is the bottle (Exhibit 3); it bears the name "R. Metz." When I took it out of the bag it was almost full; it seemed a little cloudy as it is now. The piece of paper round the bottle had big words on it like this piece (Exhibit 4); it is not the actual piece; I took that to the station, and they afterwards said they could not find it. As a result of tasting the gin I also had pains in my inside. I met prisoner on the next Tuesday underneath Victoria Park railway station. He said "Hulloa, where are you going" I said, "I am going to take Alfie in the Park for half an hour." He said, "Oh, all right; good-bye," and went away. I was at the police-court on the 11th, when he was allowed bail. On the following morning, Sunday, I was doing my work at the offices when he came in. He said, "What are you doing here?" I said, "I have come to do the offices." He said, "Are you in a hurry?" and I said, "No, not particular." He said, "A nice thing you've done for me, haven't you?" I said, "I don't think I have done wrong by taking it to the police station." He said, "You had better go home and see what you can think to do." I said, "What can I do?" and he said, "Well, its only you and you alone can save me." I said, "How can I?" He said, "One word from you will save me." I said, "What is that one word?" He said, "I don't know. I daren't say. You could bring it up in the evidence, and it will get me hung. You know if one-half a grain corresponds with those bottles what is in Mr. Baker's office I don't stand half a chance." I said, "If you have never touched those bottles you can go to the court with a clear conscience the same as I can. If you did not put it in, who did? It did not grow there. If you did not put it in, Big Alf must have put it in." He said, "For goodness sake, don't say that." I said, "Do you want me to say that I put it in?" and he said, "For goodness sake don't say that. You had better go home and think of what you can do."I said I did not know Mr. Baker had any poisonous things in his office, and he said, "Oh, he has got one or two bottles of some sort or another." I never noticed any bottles in Mr. Baker's office.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280053"/>
<p>Cross-examined. It was only after the appearance of Merritt that I commenced to have differences with prisoner. I felt very angry with him, because instead of coming to see me in the infirmary he took her about. I was annoyed with her also. My anger increased when I found they were living together. He paid me my 12s. a week regularly after the separation order, and although separated from him, he treated me kindly and sent such things as firewood to me. The only time he has treated me since the separation was the day before Christmas." Big Alf" generally brought me the firewood. My Alfie is pale and little for his age, but he has never suffered anything. I used to be on at him to have the children back from the country from November onwards, but the last few weeks before January 30 I dropped it as he took no notice. On February 3 I was still feeling very angry against him for his deserting me, and I was surprised at his paying me so much attention. A lady was seeing the nurse off. I am quite sure that I did not ask him, "Have you thought of me," before he handed me the gin. As far as I remember, there was a light in the carriage. My husband never used to take me out before Merritt came. When I met prisoner on the day I returned from Shillington our conversation was quite short and ordinary. The fact of the child not seeing his father at home made me realise still more how sad our separation was. The gin does not look quite so cloudy now as it did, but I can't hardly remember. Prisoner's attitude to me on February 7 was quite natural. I do not remember using threats against prisoner and Merritt; I remember saying that I would give her a good hiding if I got hold of her. (Mr. Curtis Bennett produced a number of letters, which Mr. Bodkin stated he would put in provided that they were the originals, and that the whole of each letter referred to was read. A letter dated October 10, and a postcard dated October 17, 1910, from witness to Mrs. Matthews was read). At the time of writing this letter and post
<lb/>card I was dreadfully upset. When Bosie was down at Shillington her head got rather dirty, and in September I sent down a tin of something which I got from the chemist; I do not know if it was poison, or in what form it was. I remember, now that my letter is read to me, writing to Mrs. Matthews saying that it was poison. I do not remember the name of the stuff. I never opened the tin. I think my boy George got it. Pickering's was the name of the chemist. I wrote to Mrs. Matthews from Chapman Road, where I had been three months. I never touched the gin between prisoner giving it to me, and my taking it out of the bag.</p>
<p>Re-examined. The only other occasion on which I remember prisoner giving me gin was three years ago, when I had a bad mis
<lb/>carriage. The letter of October 10 represented my feeling; I was angry with Merritt and I wanted to get my husband back. I first made up my mind that I would not have him back again when I found that he had not sold my furniture when he said he had. Owing to my being ill, before I went into the infirmary, Rosie got nits into her head through being with dirty children. In December Mrs. Matthews wrote me about it and I sent the stuff. I believe I wrote the name of it on a piece of paper and gave it to the child to give to the chemist. I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280054"/>
<p>remember now, it was Florrie who got it and George took it to his. father to tend down with some other things.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-181" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-181" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-181" type="surname" value="MERRITT"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-181" type="given" value="MABEL"/>MABEL MERRITT</persName> </hi>, Bridge End, South Wales. I am a single woman and the half-sister of Mr. Matthews, who used to live at Shillington. In August I left there and came to live at 20, Brookfield Road, where prisoner was with his children. I had been there two weeks when Mrs. Hill returned from the infirmary; I left three weeks after. Before I left I went out with prisoner on one or two occasions for a walk; this was both before and after Mrs. Hill came. I left there and went to 3, Victoria Park Road, prisoner paying for my lodgings and keep. I stayed there three weeks; he visited ma once or twice. We both went to 21, Ellingfort Road, and lived there as man and wife. On January 29, I think it was, I told him that I was pregnant, and he said I had no need to worry and that it would be all right. On the Monday after the Thursday the prisoner left his wife we were out together and his wife met us and threatened she would swing for us both. He generally used to come in at 5.30 to 6 p.m. On the Monday before the Sunday on which I told him I was pregnant he said he would be in late. I used to see the letters that he got when I was living with him. He got no letters on February 3 or 4 at our address.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Up to the time that I left Mrs. Hill's house my relations with prisoner had been quite proper. Mrs. Hill has threatened me three times; the first time she came to my furnished room and said, "I have not finished with you yet; I will swing for you before I have finished with you"; the second time she came to Ellingfort Road and said, "I will have my revenge on him, though I swung for you both." The last place we lived at together was 253, Victoria Road. On the third time she threatened us we were going across to the 'bus when she came up. Prisoner thought she had vitriol in her hand to throw at me and he pushed me in the 'bus. She said she hoped the 'bus would break down and kill us, and if not, she would have her revenge and swing for us both.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I did not want to keep prisoner from her. Her threats always ended in the same way." I will have my revenge on you and swing for you both." I went to South Wales three weeks ago.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-182" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-182" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-182" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-182" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT BAKER</persName> </hi>, manager, Snewin and Sons, Windsor Wharf, Hack ney Wick. At about 9.15 a.m. on February 3 prisoner asked leave to go out for a short time and I gave him leave. He went between 9.20 and 9.45 and returned at about 12. His wife cleans out the office. At the time I had a bottle of benzine there, but nothing in the nature of poison.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. During the time that prisoner has been employed by my firm he has been a most trusted servant. I saw him there on February 3 from about nine till 9.45, during which time he would not be alone at all. It would take 25 minutes to go from the wharf to Broad Street Station if you catch the train. He would have had to hurry if he left the office at 9.30 to arrive at King's Cross by 10.10. (To the Court.) The battle of benzine was kept in the lavatory close to the office—quite open.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280055"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-183" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-183" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-183" type="surname" value="GIRLINO"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-183" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED GIRLINO</persName> </hi>. I am employed at the Windsor Wharf, Hackney Wick, and prisoner is my foreman. When I went to work at 7 a.m. on February 3 I saw prisoner. At 8.30 he asked me to go to the coffee shop to get him some tea and a piece of cake, and he said, "As you pass 'The Victoria' get me half a quartern of gin in a bottle wrapped up in brown paper." He gave me 2s. or 2s. 6d. I bought the gin, which was put in a bottle like this (Exhibit 3), which was wrapped in brown paper. I took it to the office, where I saw prisoner between 8.45 and 8.50, and I gave it to him. He has never before asked me to buy gin for him. On the following morning I went to 88, Chapman Road, with a letter to his wife at his request. I saw the little boy, who took the letter indoors. After a minute or two he came out and handed it to me. I returned to the yard, gave prisoner the letter, and told him that his wife was not at home. He said, "Are you sure my wife is not at home?" I do not remember what answer I made. That is the only letter I can remember taking to Mrs. Hill. I have taken her firewood sometimes.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not see the little boy. I did see him at the works. It was little Georgie. I have now and again fetched whiskey for prisoner. The bottle was still wrapped up in paper when I handed it to him. It was wrapped in brownish paper. He was by himself at the time.</p>
<p>Re-examined. He used to give me one of his own bottles to fetch the whiskey in.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-184" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-184" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-184" type="surname" value="THORNTON"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-184" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT THORNTON</persName> </hi>, barman, "Victoria" public-house, 359, Wick Road, Hackney. I was in charge between 8 and 8.30 a.m. on February 3. Exhibit 3 is one of our bottles and Exhibit 4 is the paper we use to wrap them in. This paper would be cut in four to wrap up a half-Quartern bottle like Exhibit 3. No other paper would be used. We do occasionally wrap bottles in brown paper. A half-quartern of gin would not quite fill Exhibit 3. The gin comes from upstairs and is drawn from a tap into bottles, which are wrapped in paper and put in bins. The bar is locked up at night.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-185" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-185" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-185" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-185" type="given" value="GEORGE WILLIAM"/>GEORGE WILLIAM HILL</persName> </hi>. I am 13, and live with my mother at 88, Chapman Road. On the morning of the day that mother came back from Shillington Alfred Girling called and gave me a note, which I took upstairs and read; it said, "I have just had a line from Flo about Rosie to say will you meet her at Paddington Station. I thought you had arranged it.—George." It mentioned some time when she was to meet her, but I do not remember it. I put it back in the envelope and handed it to Alf.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I am giving the best of my recollection I can of the exact words in the note. I am not quite sure whether it men-tioned "Rosie."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-186" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-186" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-186" type="surname" value="MATTHEWS"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-186" type="given" value="FLORENCE"/>FLORENCE MATTHEWS</persName> </hi>, wife of Charles Matthews, 35, Oddfellows Road, Bridge End, South Wales. On February 1 I was living at Shillington. Mrs. Hill's two children were staying with us. On February I wrote to her. I wrote at same time to prisoner, but I do not know whether it was before or after I wrote to Mrs. Hill; it was before she came down. Mrs. Hill arrived on February 3,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280056"/>
<p>and on that night she and I stayed at Mrs. Burnage's house. Except for seeing her go to her bag, which was hanging on the parlour door, to get her purse, I never saw anybody go to it. I did not go to it myself.</p>
<p>To the Court. I cannot remember when I wrote to prisoner, because we were so busy packing up before coming away; I cannot remember whether I wrote before or after my packing.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. There are posts in and out of Shillington every day—one in the morning and one in the evening. I wrote to pri
<lb/>soner to ask him to come to Paddington, at between 12.30 and one, to meet me to see his daughter Rosie. I wrote it at my own home. I wrote it before I knew Mrs. Hill was coming down; I did not know that she was coming until the day she came; I had had a message from Mrs. Burnage that morning that she was coming. I had also written to Mrs. Hill to meet us at Kings Cross. I wrote to them both to meet us at different places as I knew they were separated.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-187" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-187" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-187" type="surname" value="BURNAGE"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-187" type="given" value="ISABELLE"/>ISABELLE BURNAGE</persName> </hi>, wife of Walter Burnage, Church Street, Shilling
<lb/>ton. Prisoner is my brother. About 12.20 p.m. Mrs. Hill came to my house; I did not know she was coming until that morning. The first time I noticed the bag she had was just before she went home on the 4th.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The family knew that my daughter and her husband were moving from Shillington. They had their own children to look after, and it was of great assistance to have someone to look after prisoner's children. (To the Court.) The Matthews' children were both infants.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-188" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-188" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-188" type="surname" value="MATTHEWS"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-188" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES MATTHEWS</persName> </hi>, baker, 35, Oddfellows Road, Bridgend. About 11.20 p.m. on February 3 I met Mrs. Hill at Hitchin Station and drove her to Mrs. Burnage'e house at Church Street, Shillington. All she had was a little black 'bag. She and my wife slept upstairs and Burnage and I slept in the parlour. I did not see where she hung her bag. I dad not touch it. I see her with it the next day. (To the Court.) We were sleeping at Burnage's house because our things had already been packed up.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-189" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-189" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-189" type="surname" value="BURNAGE"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-189" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT BURNAGE</persName> </hi>, farm labourer, Church Street. Shillington. I slept with Matthews in the parlour on the night of February 3. I never touched Mrs. Hill's bag.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-190" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-190" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-190" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-190" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE HALL</persName> </hi>, wife of George Hall, 88, Chapman Road. Mrs. Hill has been lodger about two months. At 4.30 p.m. on February 4 I was in the kitchen, when she came and asked me to go into the scullery. I did so. She showed me a bottle. I tasted the contents. They burnt my tongue and throat and afterwards I had severe pains in my inside. I spat out as much as I could. The top of my lip broke out. She gave me the bottle and I took it to Pickerings, the chemist. After I bad spoken to a young lady there I returned with the bottle and gave it back to Mrs. Hill. When she handed me the bottle originally I noticed she had a piece of paper like this (Exhibit 4) in her hand; it seemed a bit torn at the corner.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Mrs. Hill returned from the country that day about 1 p.m. I saw her. She had been in half an hour when she came</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280057"/>
<p>and called me; I heard her come in juest before 4.30 p.m. I do not remember whether there was a fire in her room at the time.</p>
<p>Police-sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">OHARLBS CLAYDEN</hi>, J Division. At 8.45 p.m. on February 4 Mrs. Hill gave me this bottle (Exhibit 4) at Victoria Park Police Station. I sealed the cork, labelled the bottle, and gave it to Osborn.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. No piece of paper was brought with it; I have never seen any. There was no other officer who could have received it from Mrs. Hill.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">CHARLES OSBORN</hi>, J Division. Sergeant Clayden handed me this bottle (Exhibit 3) on February 4. About 8 p.m. on February 7 I handed it to Sergeant Butters as I had received it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-191" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-191" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-191" type="surname" value="STARKIE"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-191" type="given" value="RICHARD WILLIAM"/>RICHARD WILLIAM STARKIE</persName> </hi>, divisional surgeon, Somers Town. On February 8 Sergeant Butters handed me this bottle (Exhibit 3). I took from it eight to ten teaspoonsful of liquid. On analysing it I found cyanides which might have been potassium cyanide. I returned the bottle with what was left in it to Sergeant Butters on the 10th. On the same day it was handed back to me and on the 14th I gave it to Dr. Willcox.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-192" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-192" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-192" type="surname" value="WILLCOX"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-192" type="given" value="FREDERICK HENRY"/>FREDERICK HENRY WILLCOX</persName> </hi>, Senior Scientific Analyst to the Home Office. On February 14 I received from Dr. Starkie this bottle (Exhibit 3) containing eleven and a quarter teaspoonsful of liquid, which was slightly turbid. On analysing it I found it to be a mixture of gin and water containing twenty grains of cyanide of potassium in solution. This is the most powerful poison known, five grains being a fatal dose; there were six and a half fatal doses in the whole half quartern. A person tasting it would feel a burning sensation in the mouth and throat, and, if swallowed, some pain in the stomach. It would probably cause local excoriation of the skin. Death would occur probably within half an hour. This poison is used in engraving and electro-plating. If bought from a retail chemist the formalities of the Poisons Act have to be complied with, but wholesale chemists can sell it in large quantities without any signature being obtained.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Any person can get it from a wholesale chemist in large or small quantities; I should think probably an ounce would have to be bought. Such a mixture as this would probably become more turbid after a time as a result of the action of the cyanide of potassium on the cork. The amount of turbidity would rather depend on the quality of the cork; the tendency to turbidity would be increased with a bad cork.</p>
<p>He-examined. The usual remedy for nits is mercurial ointment, which would be sold in either a tin, a pot, or a wooden box.</p>
<p>Further cross-examined. There are a number of other treatments which would be sold in a tin or pot. (To the Court) Cyanide of potassium would be a most dangerous thing to use.</p>
<p>Police-sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK BUTTERS</hi>, Y Division. On February 8 1 handed this bottle (Exhibit 3), which I had received from Police-con
<lb/>stable Osborn, to Dr. Starkie. At 7.15 a.m. on February 11 I stopped prisoner, who was leaving 253, Victoria Park Road, and told him I held a warrant lor his arrest. I read it to him and he said, "You do</p>
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<p>surprise me. When was it?" I said, "On Friday, the 3rd inst., at King's Cross Station" He said: "I saw her on Saturday and Tuesday last and she made no complaint to me." He accompanied me to his rooms, where I found Mabel Merritt. I took possession of a quantity of letters and other things. On leaving the house he said, "I hope you have not found anything detrimental to me in the case." At the station he said, "I would like to hear what my wife's statement is." On my reading it to him he said, "Yes, I met her by appointment, and just before the train left I gave her half a quartern of gin to drink on the way down. I got my chap to get it when he went out to breakfast at half-past eight." He was shown Exhibit 3, and he said, "Yes, it was one similar to that." On being charged with attempting to cause grievous bodily harm, he said, "Yes, it is a wicked conjured-up trick between them. I deny the latter part of the statement. I did not tell her to drink it in the tunnel. Just before she left she said, 'Have you thought of me.' I said, 'Yes.' She said, 'I thought you would.' I then handed her the bottle."</p>
<p>Cross-examined: When he said that he hoped I had found nothing detrimental to him, I had not told him what the poison was that was found in the gin. I had not taken possession of the bottle of benzine found in Mr. Baker's office; that was later that day. It was after I had read to him that his wife had got Mrs. Hall to taste it that he said that it was a wicked conjured-up trick between them. He has always been of the very highest possible character.</p>
<p>(Monday, April 3.)</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110328-name-193" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110328-name-193" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-193" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t19110328-name-193" type="given" value="GEORGE WILLIAM"/>GEORGE WILLIAM HILL</persName> </hi> (Prisoner, on oath). This is the first charge that has ever been made against me. I have been in the same employ
<lb/>ment 16 years. I have also worked during that time upon Saturday evenings at Lloyd's newspaper works. I have been married 15 years. Up till last May I was living with my wife at 20, Brookfield Road. In August, my wife being in the infirmary, I took William and Alfred down to my sister's at Shillington, when I met Mabel Merritt for the first time. She came to my house on a visit for four days and then she returned, taking Rosie and Florence with her. In the last week in August she returned with Florence and William so that they should go to school. She stayed till September 27. Up to that time there had been no familiarity between us. My wife complained when she came out of the infirmary of my taking her out, but the only time I did so was when I took her to the White City. Later on I went to live with her. On November 1 a separation order was made on the ground of desertion. I paid my wife 12s. a week regularly under that order. I personally paid her 2s. 6d. a week she earned cleaning the offices where I worked. I used occasionally to send her firewood by Alf Girling, who was the only one who knew where she lived. The first time bringing the children back from the country was discussed was the day before Christmas, when I treated her. I</p>
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<p>was always quite friendly towards her; we were seeing each other almost daily. The only rooms in which I worked at Lloyd's were the basement, ground and top floors, the printing and typing rooms. My wife always used to leave me with a threat, such as "I will stop you before I have done with you, my boy." On one occasion she ran behind the 'bus we were going to get on and said she hoped it would break down and kill us, and that she would finish us before she had done, although she had missed us then. I knew that the Matthews were going to take Rosie to South Wales about a fortnight before they went. Alfred was staying then at the Burnages. It is true I suggested on January 30 going down to Shillington, but not to fetch the children back that night. It had been arranged they should come back at the end of the week, and I did not want to alter the arrange
<lb/>ments; I wanted to go down and see my sister and Rosie before she left, as I might not get another opportunity. I had had letters from Mrs. Matthews saying when they were taking Rosie to South Wales; I do not know who has got them. My wife did not want to go down the night of January 50. On February 2 I wrote her suggesting she should go down (Exhibit 2) and she saw me that evening, when I arranged she should meet me at the works the following morning. She came, and I gave her 12s. for her fare and arranged that she should go straight to King's Cross in case I could not meet her. I did not say Broad Street. I did not then know that I could see her off as I had not seen my manager to ask for time off. I knew she had not sufficient money to get along comfortably with and I tried to borrow a sovereign from a man named Wood but could not do so. I sent out Girling for some breakfast for me and half a quartern of gin to give my wife on her journey down. He returned at nine and handed me the gin, which I put into my pocket wrapped up as it was. I then had my breakfast in the office where the manager and the clerk were. I worked till 9.30, when I left and went to King's Cross; I had not much time and I had to run. I met her and we had a drink. Before getting into the carriage she said, "Have you thought of me?" I said, "Yes," and she said, "I thought you would," and I gave her the gin still wrapped in paper; I had never seen the bottle itself from the time Girling gave it to me. Before we had so many children I used to take her about, and I always carried a flask of whiskey or some
<lb/>thing. 1 then returned to work in the ordinary way. The next morning I received a note from Mrs. Matthews, which I think I tore up and put in the waste paper basket, as I did all such letters; it was asking me to meet them at Paddington to see my daughter Rosie. In consequence of that I wrote a note to my wife saying that I had received this note asking her to meet them at Paddington, and saying that I thought she had arranged it; I thought there had been some misunderstanding between them. She had promised, when I had given her her fare, that she would come back the same night so that she could do the cleaning in the offices next morning, but I did not much expect she would. Girling took my note, and returned saying she was not in. I destroyed it. Georgie came round afterwards in the morning saying that Mrs. Hall had had a telegram to say that</p>
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<p>his mother would not be home until the next day. (Mr. Curtis Ben
<lb/>nett here pointed out that Mrs. Hill had stated in her evidence at the police court that she had wired to Mrs. Hall that she would not be back that night.) She promised to let me know if she had not suffi
<lb/>cient money to return, but I did not hear from her. My wife's account of the conversations I had with her on February 4 and 7 is correct. On being arrested, when I said to Sergeant Butters, "I hope you have found nothing detrimental to me in this case," the bottle labelled "poison" had been found in Mr. Baker's office, and it was to that I was referring. Sergeant Butters' account of what I said on being charged is correct. When I met my wife on the morning of the 11th I asked her what she was doing there, and she said, having been up at the Courts the day before, she was unable to do the offices then. She had not a minute to spare, as she had not then bought the things for the midday dinner. I said to her, "A nice thing you have done for me," and she asked me if I wanted to say she had done it, or words to that effect. I then said that if anything found in that bottle which had been found in Mr. Baker's office corresponded with what had been found in the gin it would be a serious thing for me. I did not then know what it was that had been found in the gin nor what had been found in the bottle. I do not remember any more of the conversation. (Mr. Curtis Bennett here read a passage from a letter from Mrs. Matthews to Mrs. Hill dated February 1, the con
<lb/>tents of which she had told her husband on the 2nd, which was to the effect that Matthews had previously written to prisoner with reference to Rosie's going to South Wales.)</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not know that cyanide of potassium was used at Lloyd's; I have not heard the name before this. I am only employed on the machine and know nothing as to the engravings; we are not allowed to go where that is going on. When my wife came out of the infirmary she refused, on my asking her, to go down to Eastbourne, where a mission lady had arranged she should go. She also refused to go down to Shillington and I asked her what she was going to do as I could not keep the house on. I had to pay £30 a year rent, without rates and taxes, which came to £10. It is true we had lodgers, but I never received any rent from them. It is true 12s. a week was coming in when fully let, but that was only for a very short time. They left when she went into the in
<lb/>firmary with the exception of one woman who helped to look after the children and from whom I received no rent. I gave her money. I paid for Merritt's rooms until she could find employment as I was bound to see her right; she did not want to go home. I had, therefore, to keep up two establishments during last autumn. No doubt her (my wife's) grievance was more against her than against me. She would not give her a chance to get work. Up till now I am friendly with my wife; I have always been. It may be that the date Merritt told me she "feared a mistake had been made" was January 29, but I am not quite certain. Before my wife went to Shillington I did not know she was in trouble; she may have suggested it, but I do</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280061"/>
<p>not remember; I did not really think it was the case and did not take much notice of it. If she had a child, it would not make much difference to me. It is true that on January 30 I suggested going down to Shillington and returning the same night. I should be able to spend an hour with my sister, returning by the 9.50. If my wife had consented to go, I should have telephoned to my sister, asking her to send some one to meet us at Hitchin. I was proposing that my wife should stay down there so that our little one might get used to her before she took him away, and also she would be of assistance to the Matthews in their moving on the Saturday; they had two children of their own, who were both infants, to take charge of. It was at 8.30 a.m. on Saturday when Girling brought in the note from Mrs. Matthews. I do not know if I put it in the wastes-paper basket or on the fire, but I destroyed it. I always destroyed all such letters except when I wanted to keep them for reference. It is true the letter sent me dated August 3, 1909, has not been destroyed, but it is quite possible that I laid it down and the wife put it somewhere. I do not remember saying in my note to my wife that Mrs. Matthews was wanting her to meet her; it was me that Mrs. Matthews wanted to meet. I wrote round and told the wife because I thought I should not be able to go. I knew she would be only too pleased to do so. I was rather surprised to get Mrs. Matthews's letter, but I do not remember mentioning it to my wife when I saw her on the 4th; I did not think it of any importance and we were only talking a short time. I do not think I ever men
<lb/>tioned it to Merritt. The 12s. I had given her was not sufficient to manage on comfortably; since the return fare was 5s. 4d.; 'bus fares 8d., and trap hire from Hitchin to Shillington 6s. It is true, if she had returned with! the Matthews's she would have only had to pay 1s. for the trap hire from Shillington to Hitchin, but when I gave her the 12s. I thought she was coming back the same night. It is true that the Matthews had written me saying they would bring my children up, but it was an impossibility for them to do so without my wife's assistance; they got into trouble as it was; they had their own two children and all the luggage. On our journeys out together I generally had some whiskey, but I sometimes had gin. I got this gin at the wharf because I thought if I waited to do so afterwards I might miss the train. I did not think of getting it at King's Cross. I was fortunate enough to catch the train, so was able to get there in time to give her a drink. I did not suggest that she should get into an empty carriage; in fact, I do not think there was one. I did not suggest to her that she should drink the gin in the tunnel if she did not like the people to see her doing it; if I had done so, she probably would have thrown it at me, saying I begrudged it her; she is a peculiar tempered woman. I had breakfast that morning in the presnce of the clerk; the manager was in the next office. Merritt is wrong if she says I always had my meals at home. I do not contradict my wife's account of the conversation we had on February 11, but we were only a very few</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191103280062"/>
<p>minutes talking together, and I do not think there could have been time for all the conversation that she says there was.</p>
<p>Re-examined. When I used to take the train down to Hitchin at a few minutes before six I always used to have a comfortable hour to spend with my relatives. At Lloyd's we were absolutely confined to the printing machine and were not allowed access at all to the rooms where chemicals were kept. (It was stated by Inspector Neil that the engraving department was three floors above the printing department.) (To the Court.) I do not remember what kind of paper it was that was round the bottle. I put the bottle straight into my pocket, as I did not want anybody in the office to see; I do not drink a lot. I never took the paper off. (To the Jury.) I leave off work at Lloyd's at about 6.30 or 7 a.m. on Sunday. I generally go to the works on a Sunday.</p>
<p>Verdict,
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<interp inst="t19110328-41-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Sentence,
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