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<div1 type="frontMatter" id="f19110228">
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<p>FEBRUARY (2), 1911.</p>
<p>Vol. CLIV.] Part 917.</p>
<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</p>
<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>VEZEY-STRONG, MAYOR.</p>
<p>FIFTH SESSION,</p>
<p>HELD FEB. 28TH, 1911, AND FOLLOWING DAYS.</p>
<p>MINUTES OF EVIDENCE,</p>
<p>TAKEN IN SHORTHAND BY</p>
<p>GEORGE WALPOLE & CO.,</p>
<p>Shorthand Writers to the Court.</p>
<p>POINTS OF LAW AND PRACTICE</p>
<p>EDITED BY</p>
<p>R. F. GRAHAM-CAMPBELL, ESQUIRE,</p>
<p>OF THE INNER TEMPLE.</p>
<p>[Published by Annual Subscription.]</p>
<p>LONDON:</p>
<p>GEO. WALPOLE & CO., PORTUGAL STREET BUILDINGS, LINCOLN'S INN, W.C.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280002"/>
<p>PRINTED BY</p>
<p>THE ARGUS PRINTING COMPANY, LIMITED,10, TEMPLE AVENUE, LONDON, E.C.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280003"/>
<p>THE</p>
<p>WHOLE PROCEEDINGS</p>
<p>On the King's Commission of</p>
<p>OYER AND TERMINER AND GAOL DELIVERY</p>
<p>FOR</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>AND GAOL DELIVERY FOR THE</p>
<p>COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX AND THE PARTS OF OTHER COUNTIES WITHIN THE JURISDICTION</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT,</p>
<p>Held on Tuesday, February 28th, 1911, and following days.</p>
<p>Before the Right Hon. Sir
<hi rend="largeCaps">T. VEZEY-STRONG</hi>, Alderman,
<hi rend="largeCaps">LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; the Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-1" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-1" type="surname" value="DARLING"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-1" type="given" value="CHARLES JOHN"/>CHARLES JOHN DARLING</persName> </hi>, one of the Justices of His Majesty's High Court; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE FAUDEL-PHILLIPS</hi>, Bart., G.C.I.E.; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAS. T. RITCHIE</hi>, Bart.; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN C. BELL</hi>, Bart.; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">T. VANSITTART BOWATER</hi>, Knight; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-2" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-2" type="surname" value="WOODMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-2" type="given" value="GEO"/>GEO. WOODMAN</persName> </hi>, Knight; and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-3" type="surname" value="ROLL"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-3" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES ROLL</persName> </hi>, Esq., Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">FORREST FULTON</hi>, Knight, K.C., Recorder of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">FK. ALBERT BOSANQUET</hi>, K.C., Common Serjeant of the said City; and His Honour Judge
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-4" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-4" type="given" value="LUMLEY"/>LUMLEY SMITH</persName> </hi>, K.C., Commissioner; His Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-5" type="surname" value="JOHNSTON"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-5" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES JOHNSTON</persName> </hi>, Esq., Alderman,</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HENRY C. BUCKINGHAM</hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-6" type="surname" value="SMYTHE"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-6" type="given" value="RUPERT"/>RUPERT SMYTHE</persName> </hi>, Esq., Deputy,</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">E.V. HUXTABLE</hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs</hi>.</p>
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<p>1911.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">VEZEY-STRONG, MAYOR. FIFTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE RECORDER</hi>.</p>
<p>(Tuesday, February 28.)</p> </div1>
<p>
<persName id="t19110228-name-7">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-7" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-7" type="surname" value="BROOKS"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-7" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-7" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BROOKS</hi>, Henry (22, labourer)</persName>, who pleaded guilty last Sessions (see p. 320) of robbery with violence, was brought up for judgment. He was released on his own recognisances in £25 to come up for judgment if called upon, Mr. Scott-France, the Court missionary, stating that prisoner would be found work until he attended the training camp of the Special Reserves.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t19110228-name-8">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-8" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-8" type="surname" value="GRANVILLE"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-8" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-8" type="occupation" value="scaffolder"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GRANVILLE</hi>, James (40, scaffolder)</persName> who pleaded guilty last Ses
<lb/>sions (see p. 320) of robbery with violence, was brought up. He was released on his own recognisances in £25 to come up for judgment if called upon, Mr. Scott-France stating that he, with the aid of the Roman Catholic Aid Society, had found prisoner work in Lincoln
<lb/>shire.</p>
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<interp inst="def1-3-19110228" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-3-19110228" type="surname" value="RATLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-3-19110228" type="given" value="EMILY"/>
<interp inst="def1-3-19110228" type="occupation" value="dressmaker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RATLEY</hi>, Emily (29, dressmaker)</persName>,
<rs id="t19110228-3-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-3-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-3-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19110228-3-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-3-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-3-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>of unlawfully sending through the Post Office two postcards containing words of an indecent, obscene, and grossly offensive character.</rs> </p>
<p>It was stated that prisoner had been sending such communications for the past two years.</p>
<p>Dr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">W. C. SULLIVAN</hi> (Medical Officer, Holloway Prison) stated that, though prisoner was of an emotional and hysterical nature, he had found no indications of insanity; he had had her under observation for 11 days.</p>
<p>
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<interp inst="t19110228-3-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-3-19110228 t19110228-3-punishment-1"/>Sentence was postponed till next Sessions for Dr. Sullivan to con
<lb/>tinue his observation of her; Mr. Scott-France to see her in the mean
<lb/>time.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<persName id="def1-4-19110228" type="defendantName">
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<interp inst="def1-4-19110228" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19110228" type="surname" value="SHUTTLEWORTH"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19110228" type="given" value="JOHN THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19110228" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SHUTTLEWORTH</hi>, John Thomas (42, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19110228-4-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-4-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-4-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, stealing from a Post Office letter-box a postal packet in the course of transmission by post, the property of the
<persName id="t19110228-name-11" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-11" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-4-offence-1 t19110228-name-11"/>Postmaster-General</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Forster Boulton prosecuted.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">FRANK GOODMAN</hi>, 341 E. At 11.45 p.m. on Febru
<lb/>ary 14 I was on duty in Doughty Street when I saw prisoner loitering. After watching him 10 minutes he went to a letter-box at the corner of Guilford Street and Doughty Street, about 10</p>
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<p>yards away. He took something out of his pocket and rubbed it on his right hand, which he then rubbed along the aperture of the box. He walked a little way away. A lady came and posted a letter, and when she had gone he went up and put his hand inside the aperture. He then walked back to where he had been standing. A man came and posted another letter in the same box, and on his going away prisoner did the same thing, and returned again to where he had been standing. Another man came and posted a letter, and for the third time prisoner went up and put his hand in the aperture. This time I saw him take out something, which appeared to be a letter. He then went in the direction of Calthorpe Street, and I followed and arrested him. He said, "What the b—h—do you want me for?" On the way to the station he dropped this tin containing birdlime. I told him he had dropped it and he said, "I never dropped it; I must have kicked it with my foot." When charged with stealing the letters he said, "I never stole the letters." In his right-hand coat pocket I found these five letters and three postcards, all of which have unobliterated stamps upon them. They all have birdlime on them. In his left-hand pocket I found this razor, a screwdriver, a glasscutter, a piece of string with birdlime upon it, and a piece of wire also with birdlime on it.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by prisoner. I did not say to you, "If I had my mate with me I would put you through it," and you did not say, "I am not a stranger about here, if you think I am." I did not "jog" you in the jaw and twist your arm and so make the tin fall from your hand.</p>
<p>Prisoner, called upon for his defence, handed in a long statement which was read. It was to the effect that a packet of letters and the tin box had been given him in Guilford Street by two young men, whom he had met that night, with instructions to take them to a Rowton House, where he was to wait till they came, when they would give him 3d., his lodging money; that coming opposite to the pillar-box in question he saw a postcard lying on the ground, which he put in the box. Nobody having come back for it within five minutes he took it, and was going to the Rowton House when he was arrested. He declared that on several occasions he had assisted the police.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19110228-4-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-4-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-4-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Prisoner confessed to a previous conviction of larceny on Novem
<lb/>ber 9, 1899, at Clerkenwell. It was stated that during the month pre
<lb/>vious to prisoner's arrest there had been 40 or 50 cases of letter boxes in the neighbourhood having been tampered with. There were 10 pre
<lb/>vious convictions against him. Since his release from his last sentence he had worked for a time, and had on several occasions earned rewards by assisting the police, but he had rejoined his old companions and had recently been convicted of assisting in the management of a brothel.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19110228-4-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-4-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-4-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-4-19110228 t19110228-4-punishment-2"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-12" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-12" type="surname" value="GOODMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-12" type="given" value="FRANK"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-12" type="occupation" value="police constable"/>FRANK GOODMAN</persName> </hi> was commended by the jury for the astute manner in which he had behaved.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-5-19110228" type="surname" value="NEVILLE"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19110228" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19110228" type="occupation" value="milk carrier"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEVILLE</hi>, Charles, otherwise
<rs id="t19110228-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-5-19110228 t19110228-alias-1"/>Neville, Charles Henry,</rs> otherwise
<rs id="t19110228-alias-2" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-5-19110228 t19110228-alias-2"/> Bernard </rs>(40, milk carrier)</persName>,
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<interp inst="t19110228-5-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-5-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19110228-5-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-5-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-5-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>of feloniously stealing one can and two quarts of milk and one can and five quarts of milk, re
<lb/>spectively, the goods of
<persName id="t19110228-name-14" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-14" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-14" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-14" type="given" value="LAURA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-5-offence-1 t19110228-name-14"/>Laura Jones</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner confessed to a previous conviction of felony at this Court on December 10, 1907, in the name of
<persName id="t19110228-name-15">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-15" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-15" type="surname" value="NEVILLE"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-15" type="given" value="CHARLES HENRY"/>Charles Henry Neville</persName>. Two further convictions were proved against him.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19110228-5-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-5-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-5-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-5-19110228 t19110228-5-punishment-3"/>Nine months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="def1-6-19110228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-6-19110228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19110228" type="age" value="64"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19110228" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19110228" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19110228" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BROWN</hi>, Charles (64, labourer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19110228-6-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-6-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-6-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19110228-6-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-6-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="damage"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-6-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>of maliciously damaging one plate glass window, the goods of the
<persName id="t19110228-name-17" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-17" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-6-offence-1 t19110228-name-17"/>City Tailors, Limited</persName>, to an amount exceeding £5.</rs> </p>
<p>Six previous convictions were proved, five being for a similar offence. He was released on the 7th of this month.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19110228-6-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-6-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-6-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-6-19110228 t19110228-6-punishment-4"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-7-19110228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-7-19110228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19110228" type="age" value="47"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19110228" type="surname" value="BURNESS"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19110228" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19110228" type="occupation" value="assistant head postman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BURNESS</hi>, George (47, assistant head postman)</persName>
<rs id="t19110228-7-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-7-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-7-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, being an officer of the Post Office, feloniously stealing a postal packet in the course of transmission by post.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Forster Boulton prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-19" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-19" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-19" type="surname" value="BRUCE"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-19" type="given" value="EDWIN WHITE"/>EDWIN WHITE BRUCE</persName> </hi>, clerk, Secretary's Office, General Post Office. For the past two years there have been a large number of complaints of the losses of letters passing through the Norwood Post Office, and I was instructed to make inquiries. On February 21 I made up a test packet, addressed "Mr. E. Bailey, Fireman, Steamship Columbia, Grimsby," and containing a letter, a half sovereign, a half-crown, and a shilling, all marked with my private mark and securely fastened in cardboard, six penny stamps, which I marked with invisible ink, and a white silk handkerchief. I securely fastened the envelope and posted it at 11.25 p.m. in the letter-box at the Norwood head post office. It should have passed through the South-Western District Office. On opening the bag that it should have been in I found it was not there. I have heard that it did not reach Grimsby. Bennett afterwards made a communication to me, and I saw prisoner. I told him who I was and cautioned him. I described tie letter I had posted, told him where I had posted it, and asked him if he wished to say anything about it. He said "No." I said, "To-night Mr. Bennett asked you for two penny stamps and you gave him six." He said, "Yes, I had six, and I told him that I had had them sent to me. I gave him six in exchange for sixpence." I told him that Bennett had marked them and given them to me. These are the stamps, and I identify them as those I put in the test packet. I developed my private mark on five of them in his presence. He said, "To tell you the truth, I did not have them sent to me. I picked them up outside the office. I found them at 11 o'clock on Tuesday night when I came into the office." I said, "I tell you that the six stamps were in my possession at 11.25 on Tuesday night," and he said, "I did pick them up when I said." Police-constable White searched him, with his permission, and in his pocket was a purse containing half a sovereign and a shilling, which I identified as those I put into the teat</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280008"/>
<p>packet. I asked prisoner what he wished to say as to them, and he said "I do not know what is the meaning of it at all." This letter would only have been in circulation a few minutes before it should have been forwarded to the South-Western District.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-20" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-20" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-20" type="surname" value="BENNETT"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-20" type="given" value="WILLIAM FREDERICK"/>WILLIAM FREDERICK BENNETT</persName> </hi>, overseer, Norwood Post Office. Pri
<lb/>soner was assistant head postman at my office. His salary was two guineas a week and 6s. extra for six stripes, and he had been thirty
<lb/>two years in the service. At 11.30 p.m. on February 21 he came on duty, remaining till 12.20 a.m. on the 22nd. A letter posted outside at 11.25 p.m. would be collected at 12. Prisoner would have access to it. He returned to duty at 2.45 p.m. on the 23rd. Having received some instructions, I asked him if he could oblige me with two penny stamps. He gave me them and I gave him 2d. He said, "I have four more, if you care to have them, as I was in luck's way yesterday; a friend of mine sent me half a dozen." He then gave me four, and I paid him sixpence in all. I put my initials on them and handed them to Bruce. I noticed no packet broken open in the 12 o'clock collection. In the event of a packet becoming broken open it was the postman's duty to hand it to prisoner, and if containing valu
<lb/>ables he should mark it for compulsory registration.</p>
<p>Detective
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALBERT BLAKE</hi>, General Post Office. I was present when Mr. Bruce made up the test packet in this case. He fastened it securely.</p>
<p>Detective
<hi rend="smallCaps">PERCY WHITE</hi>, General Post Office. I was present on February 23 when Mr. Bruce interviewed prisoner. On searching him I found this purse containing half a sovereign, a shilling, three pennies, and a silver penny. Mr. Bruce gave him into custody and I took him to the station, where he was charged. The coins were shown to him at his request, but he made no remark. On the next day in the cell passage he said, "I shall admit I had it. The packet was' broken and the shilling fell out. I shook the packet and the half sovereign fell out. I never saw the handkerchief. I was going to register it, but took it out when I went off duty and posted it at Westoe Hill. The stamps also fell out with the money."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-21" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-21" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-21" type="surname" value="BURNESS"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-21" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE BURNESS</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath). On the night of the 21st I found a shilling, a half sovereign, and three stamps on the table where the letters were. I could not see from which packet they came, so I put them in my pocket, meaning to make inquiries. I was off duty next day and I forgot all about them. I never saw the packet in which they were contained.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19110228-7-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-7-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-7-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>Guilty; recommended to mercy on account of his long service.</rs> </p>
<p>It was stated that prisoner had been suspected for the past 18 months. He had an excellent character.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19110228-7-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-7-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-7-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-7-19110228 t19110228-7-punishment-5"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110228-8">
<interp inst="t19110228-8" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110228"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-8" type="date" value="19110228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-8-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-8-19110228 t19110228-8-offence-1 t19110228-8-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-8-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-8-19110228 t19110228-8-offence-2 t19110228-8-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-8-19110228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-8-19110228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19110228" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19110228" type="surname" value="HAYNES"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19110228" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19110228" type="occupation" value="postman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HAYNES</hi>, William John (35, postman)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-8-19110228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-8-19110228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-8-19110228" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def2-8-19110228" type="surname" value="HAYNES"/>
<interp inst="def2-8-19110228" type="given" value="ERNEST WALTER"/>
<interp inst="def2-8-19110228" type="occupation" value="porter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HAYNES</hi>, Ernest Walter (31, porter),</persName> William John Haynes
<rs id="t19110228-8-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-8-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-8-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>stealing one postal packet containing five postal orders of the value together of £2 5s., the pro
<lb/>perty of
<persName id="t19110228-name-24" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-24" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-8-offence-1 t19110228-name-24"/>His Majesty's Postmaster-General</persName>, he being an officer of the Post Office;</rs> Ernest Walter Haynes,
<rs id="t19110228-8-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-8-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-8-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/>feloniously receiving two of the said postal orders, to wit, one postal order for 4s., and one postal order for 2s., well knowing them to have been stolen.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280009"/>
<p>Mr. Forster Boulton prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-25" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-25" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-25" type="surname" value="HARRY"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-25" type="given" value="CHARLES EDWARD"/>CHARLES EDWARD HARRY</persName> </hi>, 47, Winchester Road, Highams Park, Chingford. On December 19 I wrote a letter to the Metropolitan Water Board, 6, Broad Street Place, E.C., enclosing five postal orders, amounting in all to £2 5s., of which these are two (produced). I posted it at 9.35 a.m. at the pillar-box in Winchester Road. I do not know prisoners.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-26" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-26" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-26" type="surname" value="WOOLLEDGE"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-26" type="given" value="EDWARD CHARLES"/>EDWARD CHARLES WOOLLEDGE</persName> </hi>, cashier, Metropolitan Water Board. It is part of my duty to deal with letters. We did not get a letter from C. E. Harry containing postal orders on or about December 29.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-27" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-27" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-27" type="surname" value="VIOLET"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-27" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN VIOLET</persName> </hi>, assistant superintendent, Eastern Central District Office. A letter posted at 9.35 a.m. on December 19 at Win
<lb/>chester Road, Chingford, addressed to 6, Broad Street Place, would pass through my office at 2.57 p.m., where it would remain till 4.30. W. J. Haynes, a postman employed at my office, came on duty at at 4 p.m. on that day, and he would have access to this letter. About 200 other postmen would be on duty about the same time, and they would also have access to the letter.</p>
<p>To W. J. Haynes. It is highly improbable for a postal packet to get lost. It was not your duty to, deliver this letter.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, March 1.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-28" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-28" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-28" type="surname" value="DAVIES"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-28" type="given" value="RICHARD WALTER"/>RICHARD WALTER DAVIES</persName> </hi>, Investigation Branch, General Post Office. In accordance with instructions I kept prisoners under obser
<lb/>vation from November 28. On that day I saw W. J. Haynes finish his 11.15 delivery at 1 p.m. He went to a public-house in Bishopsgate Churchyard where, at 1.15 p.m. he met E.W. Haynes, whom I have found since to be his brother. From there they went to the "Bay Tree" public-house, which they left at 1.20. W. J. Haynes went to the tube station at the Bank, and E.W. Haynes entered the pott office at Post Office Court, bought a penny stamp, and put it on a letter which he posted. I then followed him to New Street, Ken
<lb/>nington, where at 3.30 he met W. J. Haynes. I next saw them to
<lb/>gether on December 2. On December 6 I saw E. W. Haynes cash a postal order for 5s. 6d. at Cannon Street, signing the name "E. W. Baker." I saw prisoners together the next day. They usually went into the "Bay Tree" or the "Royal George," Kennington. On the 20th I went to 18, Fleming Road, Walworth, where W. J. Haynes lives. He left there at 3.15 p.m. and went to the "Royal George," where he met his brother at 3.30. They left there and took the "Tube" to the Bank, from there they went to the "Bay Tree." They went along Cheapside in the direction of the General Post Office, where I lost sight of them. I next saw E. W. Haynes outside the General Post Office, into which W. J. Haynes had gone on duty. E. W. Haynes went inside and took this postal order (Ex
<lb/>hibit 1)</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280010"/>
<p>for 4s. from his pocket. He wrote "F. S. Andrews" upon it and received the money. I said, "Is that your postal order?" and he said "Yes." I said, "What is your name?" and he said "Andrews." I told him who I was, and took him to see Mr. Strat
<lb/>ford.</p>
<p>To W.J. Haynes. I never saw your brother speak to other post
<lb/>men.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-29" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-29" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-29" type="surname" value="STRATFORD"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-29" type="given" value="WILLIAM EDWARD"/>WILLIAM EDWARD STRATFORD</persName> </hi>, clerk, Secretary's Office, General Post Office. There had been losses of letters passing through the Eastern Central District Office since last August, and I gave Davies instructions on November 28 to keep W.J. Haynes under observation. On December 20 he brought E.W. Haynes to me. I told him who I was and cautioned him. He said his name was "John Richards" and that he had no permanent address. I had in my possession the postal order (Exhibit 1) given me by Davies, and I asked him if he wished to say how that had come in his possession. He said, "I found it in Wood Street, City, between 10 and 11 in the morning. I filled it in and receipted it. It was not enclosed in a letter. It is the only postal order I have ever found." I asked him why he had signed in the name of "F. S. Andrews," and he admitted that his real name was Ernest Walter Haynes, and he had a brother who was a postman, William John Haynes. He had previously denied that he had a brother in the Post Office. He said, in answer to my in
<lb/>quiry, that he had no other postal orders in his possession, but on my asking him whether he minded being searched he produced this postal order for 2s. (Exhibit 2), saying, "I found it enclosed in the other postal order." It was quite blank. About an hour afterwards I saw W. J. Haynes, told him who I was, and cautioned him. E.W. Haynes was not present. I showed him Exhibits 1 and 2, and he said, "I know nothing at all about them. I know the man who cashed them in the name of 'Joe.' I only know him by sight. I deny that he is my brother. I had told him that he had been seen frequently in company with E. W. Haynes, who had said that he was his brother.</p>
<p>To W.J. Haynes. You made a statement which I took down in writing. (This statement was put in and read at the request of the prisoner.) I described to you the appearance of the man who changed the orders, and you said, "Yes, I know him by sight." When searched a letter and two postcards which you should have delivered were found on you.</p>
<p>To E.W. Haynes. It was about 9 p.m. and after your brother's house had been searched that you admitted your name was Ernest Walter Haynes and the brother of William John.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">RALPH CALDECOTT</hi>, 480 A. On December 20 I went to 18, Fleming Road, where W.J. Haynes lived. On January 31 I arrested both prisoners in a back room at 6, Cottage Grove, Wal
<lb/>worth. I read the warrant to them. E.W. Haynes said, "I deny that."</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280011"/>
<p>William John Haynes' statement before the Magistrate: "I deny the charge of stealing or handing my brother any postal orders."</p>
<p>Ernest Walter Haynes' statement: "I deny having anything in the shape of letters or postal orders from my brother. The two postal orders in question I found in the street. Being out of employment I was tempted to cash one."</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-30" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-30" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-30" type="surname" value="HAYNES"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-30" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN HAYNES</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I deny this charge.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The reason I said that I only knew the man who had cashed the postal orders by sight was that I did not want to get mixed up in any trouble that he had got into. I knew it was my brother Mr. Stratford was speaking of.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-31" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-31" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-31" type="surname" value="HAYNES"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-31" type="given" value="ERNEST WALTER"/>ERNEST WALTER HAYNES</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath) repeated the statement that he had made before the Magistrate.</p>
<p>To the Court. I found them in Wood Street between 10.30 and 11 a.m.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I was on my way to look for work that morning. I did not get any, so I returned to Walworth where I lived. In the afternoon I went to look for work again and passed through Cheap
<lb/>side. I did not cash this postal order on December 6 and the name, "E. W. Baker," on it is not in my handwriting.</p>
<p>Verdict (both),
<rs id="t19110228-8-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-8-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-8-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentences, William John Haynes,
<rs id="t19110228-8-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-8-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-8-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-8-19110228 t19110228-8-punishment-6"/>Nine months' hard labour;</rs> Ernest Walter Haynes,
<rs id="t19110228-8-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-8-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-8-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-8-19110228 t19110228-8-punishment-7"/>Eight months' hard labour.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Tuesday, February 28.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110228-9">
<interp inst="t19110228-9" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110228"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-9" type="date" value="19110228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-9-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-19110228 t19110228-9-offence-1 t19110228-9-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-9-19110228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-9-19110228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19110228" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19110228" type="surname" value="BASTENIE"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19110228" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19110228" type="occupation" value="seaman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BASTENIE</hi>, Henry (23, seaman)</persName>,
<rs id="t19110228-9-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-9-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-9-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19110228-9-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-9-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-9-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>of feloniously possessing a mould in and upon which was impressed the observe and reverse sides of a florin.</rs> </p>
<p>Convictions proved: February 10, 1902, bound over; February 20, 1902, 14 days; January 10, 1903, bound over; January 24, 1903, two months—all at West Ham for larceny; May 16, 1903, Thames, fined 40s. or one month for unlawful possession; North London Sessions, April 12, 1904, 15 months, housebreaking; and August 16, 1905, 21 months, stealing from a till.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19110228-9-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-9-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-9-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-19110228 t19110228-9-punishment-8"/>Four years' penal servitude</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110228-10">
<interp inst="t19110228-10" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110228"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-10" type="date" value="19110228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-10-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-19110228 t19110228-10-offence-1 t19110228-10-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-10-19110228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-10-19110228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19110228" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19110228" type="surname" value="CARTER"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19110228" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19110228" type="occupation" value="barman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CARTER</hi>, George (36, barman)</persName>,
<rs id="t19110228-10-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-10-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-10-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19110228-10-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-10-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-10-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>of feloniously uttering counterfeit coin twice on the same day.</rs> </p>
<p>Convictions proved: November 30, 1907, Old Street, one month for stealing; April 26, 1910, nine months for uttering gilded sixpences;</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280012"/>
<p>January 5, 1911, discharged at West Ham for uttering gilded six
<lb/>pences.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19110228-10-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-10-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-10-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-19110228 t19110228-10-punishment-9"/>15 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110228-11">
<interp inst="t19110228-11" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110228"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-11" type="date" value="19110228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-11-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-19110228 t19110228-11-offence-1 t19110228-11-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-11-19110228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-11-19110228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19110228" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19110228" type="surname" value="PARK"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19110228" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19110228" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PARK</hi>, Henry (28, labourer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19110228-11-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-11-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-11-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19110228-11-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-11-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-11-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>of feloniously uttering counterfeit coin twice within ten days.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner confessed to having been convicted at this Court on March 5, 1906, receiving four years' penal servitude, for possessing counterfeit coin; three other short sentences were proved.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19110228-11-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-11-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-11-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-19110228 t19110228-11-punishment-10"/>Three years' penal servitude</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110228-12">
<interp inst="t19110228-12" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110228"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-12" type="date" value="19110228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-12-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-19110228 t19110228-12-offence-1 t19110228-12-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-12-19110228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-12-19110228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19110228" type="age" value="47"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19110228" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19110228" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19110228" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JONES</hi>, William (47, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19110228-12-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-12-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-12-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="kidnapping"/>, feloniously by force decoying two children respectively under the age of 14 years, to wit,
<persName id="t19110228-name-36" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-36" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-36" type="age" value="10"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-36" type="surname" value="PRACEY"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-36" type="given" value="HARRY PATRICK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-12-offence-1 t19110228-name-36"/>Harry Patrick Pracey</persName>, aged 10 years, and
<persName id="t19110228-name-37" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-37" type="age" value="9"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-37" type="surname" value="PRACEY"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-37" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-12-offence-1 t19110228-name-37"/>Albert Pracey</persName>, aged nine years, with intent to deprive
<persName id="t19110228-name-38" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-38" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-38" type="surname" value="PRACEY"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-38" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-12-offence-1 t19110228-name-38"/>Henry Pracey</persName>, the father of the said children, of the possession of such children.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. W. Clarke Hall and Mr. Roome prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-39" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-39" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-39" type="surname" value="PRACEY"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-39" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY PRACEY</persName> </hi>, 36, Eden Grove, Holloway, builder's foreman. On February 3, 1911, at 5.40 p.m. my two sons, Harry Patrick, aged 10, and Albert, aged nine, had not returned from school. I went out to search for them, informed the police, and continued searching until 1.10 a.m., when I was informed they were at Bridewell Police Station, and found them there. I do not know the prisoner, and gave him no authority to take my children.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-40" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-40" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-40" type="surname" value="PRACEY"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-40" type="given" value="HARRY PATRICK"/>HARRY PATRICK PRACEY</persName> </hi>. On February 3 I left school with my brother Albert at 4.30 p.m. I met prisoner in Hornsey Road; he asked me where the Oxford coffee shop was, and I and my brother showed it him; he took us inside and gave us tea and cake. After staying there a little while prisoner took us both by the hand to a yard where he got some bottles, which he changed for money at a beershop. He then led us up Highbury Hill to Upper Street, where he again gave us tea and cake at a coffee shop. He said he had been a soldier and had been all over the world. I did not want to go with him, but he held our hands and I was frightened. He took us to the Embankment, where he spoke to a woman. A policeman then spoke to us.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner left us a quarter of an hour alone in the Oxford coffee shop; we left there when it closed at 8 p.m. It was about 10 p.m. when we went to the second coffee shop.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">ANDREW HARM</hi>, City. On February 4 at 1.30 p.m. I saw prisoner on the Victoria Embankment, near Temple Avenue, with the two boys, who were wet and appeared frightened. I asked prisoner if the two children belonged to him. He said, "Yes, I am the father. We are stranded to-night." I asked if the woman who had just gone away was their mother. He said, "No, only a stranger." He asked me what time a coffee shop across Blackfriars Bridge would open, and said, "We have been turned out of our home to-day and I do not know where their mother has gone. I have brought them from Holloway. I brought them on to the Embankment to kill time. This is the first time they have stopped out all night,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280013"/>
<p>and I will see that they get a lodging to-night." I called the children to me in front of prisoner and asked the younger boy where his mother was; he said, "At home with father." I said, "Then this man is not your father." He said, "No, he is only a stranger. We were playing in the street off the Holloway Road when this man came up, took hold of our hands, and led us away. We have been walking about since half-past four. I do not know here he is going to take us. We are tired." Then they commenced crying. I asked prisoner if he heard what they said, cautioned him, and said I should take him into custody for child stealing. Prisoner commenced shout
<lb/>ing and said, "You dirty pig, I suppose this will mean promotion for you." I took prisoner and the boys to Bridewell Police Station, circulated the intelligence, and made the boys comfortable in front of the fire until the father came. It was a wet and very cold night.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. It started raining when I went out at 10 p.m.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, March 1.)</p>
<p>Detective
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOSEPH HEED</hi>, Y Division. On February 4 at 3 a.m. I saw prisoner at Bridewell Police Station and told him I should take him to Caledonian Road. He said, "All right." I there handed him over to Inspector Westcott.</p>
<p>Inspector
<hi rend="smallCaps">EUGENE WESTCOTT</hi>, Y Division, Caledonian Road Station. In answer to the charge prisoner said, "What a good cock and bull story. All right, make the most of it." He was sober.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. It started raining about 10 p.m., and was a cold and wet night.</p>
<p>Prisoner's statement before the Magistrate: "I saw the two children in Holloway Road on Friday about 4.30 p.m. I asked them the way to the Oxford coffee shop. They showed me the way. I paid for tea and cake. I left the boys in the coffee shop on two occasions during the evening. While in the coffee shop I dozed off to sleep. When I awoke I was at the table by myself. I got up and left the coffee-shop. When I came back the lads were sitting at the table. I paid for more tea and cake. My funds were nearly exhausted. I told the lads I would have to spend the night out on the Thames Embankment. They wished to go with me. I asked them if they would not get into trouble for being out late. They answered 'No,' and said they had often remained out late and sometimes stopped out all night. With that they came with me."</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-41" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-41" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-41" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-41" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM JONES</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath) repeated his statement, adding that the boys were neither tired nor frightened.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The boys volunteered to show me the way. I did not take their hands. I went into three beershops to change the bottles. I was the worse for drink and did not know what I was about. It was a fine night. I did not hear what the officer said to</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280014"/>
<p>the children—he took them on one side. I should have taken them back to their parents the next morning.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-42" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-42" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-42" type="surname" value="PRACEY"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-42" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT PRACEY</persName> </hi> (called by prisoner. Not sworn.) I am nine yean of age. Prisoner left me with my brother in the coffee shop alone on one or two occasions. He did not persuade us to go with him—he held our hands. I was tired and frightened. We were on the Embankment for about two hours. It was not raining.</p>
<p>Verdict, "The jury are unanimously of opinion that the prisoner was guilty of leading the children away, but not of permanently de
<lb/>priving the parents of their custody.</p>
<p>Mr. Roome pointed out that the word "permanently" did not appear in the indictment.</p>
<p>The Common Serjeant. You agree that he is not guilty?</p>
<p>The Jury.
<rs id="t19110228-12-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-12-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-12-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty of criminal intent.</rs> </p>
<p>The Common Serjeant. You think that he took the children away without the intention to deprive the parents of possession of them. You say he is not guilty?</p>
<p>The Jury. Yes.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MR. JUSTICE DARLING</hi>.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, March 1.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110228-13">
<interp inst="t19110228-13" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110228"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-13" type="date" value="19110228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-13-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-19110228 t19110228-13-offence-1 t19110228-13-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-13-19110228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-13-19110228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19110228" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19110228" type="surname" value="KEOGH"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19110228" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19110228" type="occupation" value="porter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">KEOGH</hi>, Michael (29, porter)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t19110228-13-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-13-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-13-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/> for and charged on the coroner's inquisition with the manslaughter of
<persName id="t19110228-name-44" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-44" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-44" type="surname" value="COX"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-44" type="given" value="THOMAS RICHARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-13-offence-1 t19110228-name-44"/>Thomas Richard Cox</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Stone Hurst, who appeared to prosecute, stated that the Grand Jury Lad ignored the bill, and, subject to the approval of the Court he proposed to offer no evidence on the inquisition. His Lordship assenting, a verdict of
<rs id="t19110228-13-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-13-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-13-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>Not guilty was returned</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110228-14">
<interp inst="t19110228-14" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110228"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-14" type="date" value="19110228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-14-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-19110228 t19110228-14-offence-1 t19110228-14-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-14-19110228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-14-19110228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19110228" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19110228" type="surname" value="HOY"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19110228" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19110228" type="occupation" value="porter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HOY</hi>, Thomas (27, porter)</persName>
<rs id="t19110228-14-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-14-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-14-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, feloniously shooting at
<persName id="t19110228-name-46" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-46" type="surname" value="MCLOUGHLIN"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-46" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-14-offence-1 t19110228-name-46"/>William McLoughlin</persName>, with intent to murder him and to do him some grievous bodily harm;feloniously wounding
<persName id="t19110228-name-47" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-47" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-47" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-47" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-14-offence-1 t19110228-name-47"/>Frederick Smith</persName>, with the like intent; assaulting
<persName id="t19110228-name-48" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-48" type="surname" value="SANDFORD"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-48" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-48" type="occupation" value="police constable"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-14-offence-1 t19110228-name-48"/>Albert Sandford</persName>, a constable of the Metropolitan police, in the execution of his duty.</rs> </p>
<p>The first indictment was tried.</p>
<p>Mr. Graham-Campbell and Mr. Roome prosecuted; Mr. Edgar Swan defended.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">FRANK GEORGE WAYLETT</hi>, 12 K R, proved plans for use in the case.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-49" type="surname" value="BELL"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-49" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES BELL</persName> </hi>, 26", Hillplace Street, Poplar. On the evening of Wed
<lb/>nesday, October 28, I was with my brother in the "Prince of Wales" public-house, Upper North Street, Poplar. I noticed a crowd of people outside the window. A man named Hibson and prisoner came in. Prisoner put his head and half his body in the door, with a re
<lb/>volver in his hand. He said to a man named Coats, "Are you Coatsy?" Coats made no reply. He asked the same question of Hibson, who replied, "No, that's not him."</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280015"/>
<p>Cross-examined. At the police-court it was suggested that it was a pipe he flourished. I have been in the Navy and know the difference between a revolver and a pipe; I am sure it was a revolver.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-50" type="surname" value="GOSS"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-50" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES GOSS</persName> </hi>, 28, Gaverton Street, Poplar, trimmer. I was in the "Prince of Wales" on the evening of October 26. About 7 or 8 o'clock prisoner came to the door with a revolver in his hand. He put the re
<lb/>volver in front of my face, and said, "Do you know anything about it?" I said, "I don't know you, old man." There were four or five other men at the back of him. He said when he came in, "Is Coats here?" Some one answered, "No." He went up to Coats and said, "Are you Coats?" Coats said "No."</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner did not come in the bar; he came to the door. There were other men with him; I only knew Hibson. Pri
<lb/>soner was not there when Hibson was speaking in the bar. When prisoner said to me, "Do you know anything about it?" I did not know what he meant. When I saw the revolver in front of my face I did not know what to say for quickness; the muzzle of the revolver was pointing at me. I did not see any more of the men afterwards.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-51" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-51" type="surname" value="WILLIAMSON"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-51" type="given" value="EMILY"/>EMILY WILLIAMSON</persName> </hi>, wife of William Williamson, 18, Hillplace Street. At 9 p.m., October 26, I was in my house and I heard some
<lb/>thing outside. I looked out of the window and I saw a gang of men. I recognised prisoner, his brother, and Chesney. Prisoner had a re
<lb/>volver in his hand. I asked them what they wanted. They said they wanted Williamson. I said, "He does not live here." Two of the men says "You are Williamson." I told them to get away out of it. Then they says, "Let go at her." I turned the gas out and I heard the report of firearms, and I blew a police whistle.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. First of all Chesney had a revolver, and he passed it to somebody else in the crowd. I saw two revolvers.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-52" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-52" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-52" type="surname" value="GILDERS"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-52" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN GILDERS</persName> </hi>, living at 38, Hillplace Street, opposite the Williamsons', spoke to seeing prisoner with a number of men outside the Williamsons', and hearing shots.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-53" type="surname" value="MCLOUGHLIN"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-53" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM MCLOUGHLIN</persName> </hi>, labourer, 1, Latham Street, Poplar. Just after nine on October 26 I was in my kitchen with Joseph Smith. Hearing a police whistle blowing we went into the street and ran in the direction of Hillplace Street and saw a crowd there. Standing under a lamp-post I saw a man dressed in a dark suit, with a white muffler and a greenish cap. Because of the crowd I started to return home. After going two steps I was shot and fell; I crawled into my house. As I was lying in the passage behind the door I heard foot
<lb/>steps outside, and a voice saying, "We will kill all the coppers that comes our way." I was taken to the Poplar Hospital, and remained there till November 8. The bullet has not been extracted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-54" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-54" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH SMITH</persName> </hi> corroborated the last witness.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MRS. MCLOUGHLIH</hi>. I was in a room upstairs. Hearing a police whistle blowing I looked out of the window. I saw prisoner standing under a lamp-post with a revolver, which he fired in the direction of our house. He had on a light or green cap and a white muffler. I after
<lb/>wards picked out prisoner from a number of men; I am certain he is the man.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280016"/>
<p>Cross-examined. The window where I was is 30 yards from the lamp. I could not properly see prisoner's face, but I recognise him by the cap and muffler.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-55" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-55" type="surname" value="MCLOUGHLIN"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-55" type="given" value="ALICE"/>ALICE MCLOUGHLIN</persName> </hi>, daughter of the last witness, corroborated.
<hi rend="smallCaps">HENRY COATES</hi>. Hearing the sound of firearms I went into the street and saw seven or eight men, including prisoner, his brother, and Hibson. They were singing, "We'll kill all the coppers that comes down our way."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-56" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-56" type="given" value="NELSON"/>NELSON W. HILL</persName> </hi>, house surgeon at Poplar Hospital, said that McLoughlin was admitted on the night of October 26; he had a bullet wound in the back, close to the spinal column, in the region of the base of the right lung. It was not advisable to operate to remove the bullet, and it now remained in the body.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-57" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-57" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK SMITH</persName> </hi>. I was outside the "Prince of Wales" about seven o'clock on October 26. Hibson, prisoner, his brother, Rowley, and Chesney came along. Rowley struck me and I closed with him. Afterwards Chesney fired four shots at me.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALBERT SANDFORD</hi>, 447 K. On January 15 I saw prisoner in White Horse Street, Stepney. I said to him, "I am a police officer; I want to speak to you." He at once struck me in the face and set his dog on to me. I got assistance and arrested him. I told him I should take him to the station on a charge of attempted murder. He said, "All right." On being searched we found upon him a paper, which read as follows: "Smith assaulted three of us in Limehouse with iron. S—insulted my mother.... S—put a revolver in a woman's face because she would not tell of us. S—smashed my windows with a gang of men. S—has knocked his wife about awful."</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19110228-14-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-14-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-14-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>Guilty of wounding with intent to do grievous bodily harm</rs> Seven previous convictions were proved against prisoner, two of them being for malicious wounding and two for assaults. He was stated to be "a typical ruffian of the worst type to be found in the East End of London, and a prostitutes' bully as well as a thief."</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19110228-14-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-14-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-14-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-19110228 t19110228-14-punishment-11"/>Seven years' penal servitude</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110228-15">
<interp inst="t19110228-15" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110228"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-15" type="date" value="19110228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-15-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19110228 t19110228-15-offence-1 t19110228-15-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-15-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19110228 t19110228-15-offence-2 t19110228-15-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-15-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19110228 t19110228-15-offence-3 t19110228-15-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-15-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19110228 t19110228-15-offence-4 t19110228-15-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-15-charge-5" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19110228 t19110228-15-offence-5 t19110228-15-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-15-charge-6" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19110228 t19110228-15-offence-6 t19110228-15-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-15-19110228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-15-19110228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19110228" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19110228" type="surname" value="OGILVIE"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19110228" type="given" value="FELIX FRANZ ALFRED"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19110228" type="occupation" value="engineer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OGILVIE</hi>, Felix Franz Alfred (37, engineer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19110228-15-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-15-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-15-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> to the following six indictments: (1)
<rs id="t19110228-15-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-15-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-15-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>Obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t19110228-name-59">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-59" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-59" type="surname" value="COLEMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-59" type="given" value="GEORGE TUNSTALL"/>George Tunstall Coleman</persName> £5 10s., with intent to defraud;</rs> (2)
<rs id="t19110228-15-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-15-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-15-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>Stealing two rings and other articles, and £8, the goods and moneys of
<persName id="t19110228-name-60" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-60" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-60" type="surname" value="JEEVES"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-60" type="given" value="MAUD ETHEL SARA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-15-offence-2 t19110228-name-60"/>Maud Ethel Sara Jeeves</persName>;</rs> (3)
<rs id="t19110228-15-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-15-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-15-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>Feloniously causing to be taken by
<persName id="t19110228-name-61" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-61" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-61" type="surname" value="JEEVES"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-61" type="given" value="MAUD ETHEL SARA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-15-offence-3 t19110228-name-61"/>Maud Ethel Sara Jeeves</persName> a stupefying and overpowering drug, with intent thereby to enable him to steal her goods and moneys;</rs> (4)
<rs id="t19110228-15-offence-4" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-15-offence-4" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-15-offence-4" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>Having been en
<lb/>trusted with £243 10s., unlawfully did fraudulently convert the same to his own use and benefit;</rs> (5)
<rs id="t19110228-15-offence-5" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-15-offence-5" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-15-offence-5" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>Feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19110228-name-62" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-62" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-62" type="surname" value="JEEVES"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-62" type="given" value="MAUD ETHEL SARA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-15-offence-5 t19110228-name-62"/>Maud Ethel Sara Jeeves</persName>, his former wife being then alive;</rs> (6)
<rs id="t19110228-15-offence-6" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-15-offence-6" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-15-offence-6" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>Feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19110228-name-63" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-63" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-63" type="surname" value="CASPERS"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-63" type="given" value="ELLEN MARIA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-15-offence-6 t19110228-name-63"/>Ellen Maria Caspers</persName>, his former wife being then alive.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence, on the first indictment,
<rs id="t19110228-15-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-15-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-15-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19110228 t19110228-15-punishment-12"/>18 months' hard labour</rs>;
<rs id="t19110228-15-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-15-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-15-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19110228 t19110228-15-punishment-13"/>on the second, 18 months' hard labour;</rs>
<rs id="t19110228-15-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-15-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-15-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19110228 t19110228-15-punishment-14"/>on the third, Ten years' penal servi
<lb/>tude</rs>;
<rs id="t19110228-15-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-15-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-15-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19110228 t19110228-15-punishment-15"/>on the fourth, 18 months' hard labour;</rs>
<rs id="t19110228-15-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-15-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-15-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19110228 t19110228-15-punishment-16"/>on the fifth, 18 months' hard labour;</rs>
<rs id="t19110228-15-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-15-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-15-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19110228 t19110228-15-punishment-17"/>on the sixth, Five years' penal servitude; to run con
<lb/>currently.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280017"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE RECORDER</hi>.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, March 1.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110228-16">
<interp inst="t19110228-16" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110228"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-16" type="date" value="19110228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-16-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-19110228 t19110228-16-offence-1 t19110228-16-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-16-19110228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-16-19110228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19110228" type="age" value="48"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19110228" type="surname" value="MCIVOR"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19110228" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19110228" type="occupation" value="tailor"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">McIVOR</hi>, George (48, tailor)</persName>
<rs id="t19110228-16-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-16-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-16-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, attempting to steal from a certain post-office certain postal packets in course of transmission by post, the property of His Majesty's Postmaster-General.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Forster Boulton prosecuted.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">CHARLES HYMAN</hi>, 483 E. At 1 a.m. on February 3 I was on duty in Upper St. Martin's Lane, when I saw prisoner stand
<lb/>ing by a pillar-box at the corner of St. Martin's Lane and Long Acre. I concealed myself in a doorway, and as far as I can say he did not see me. He placed his hand in the aperture, walked into the centre of the road, looked up and down, and there being no one in view returned to the box. He put his hand in his coat pocket and took out some
<lb/>thing which was attached to wire or string. A man passed him, and prisoner rolled it up and put it in his pocket. He walked very quickly through Garrick Street into Bedford Street, where he met another man. They walked together to Maiden Lane, where they parted. Prisoner walked through Exchange Court into the Strand. He put his hand inside the letter-box of No. 417 and moved it about. He then went to No. 413, and from there to No. 410, at both of which places he acted in the same way. I took him into custody and told him I should charge him with attempting to steal letters from these boxes, and he said, "All right; I have nothing on me." He then took out of his pocket this piece of string attached to a leather and a lead weight; the leather was sticky then, but it has since become dry.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by prisoner. I arrested you outside No. 410, which is about 20 yards from Exchange Court. You could not see me follow
<lb/>ing you. I never asked to search you, nor did I ask you what you had picked up. No sticky stuff was found on the box in Upper St. Martin's Lane. The lead was stuck in the leather when you handed it to me.</p>
<p>Prisoner's statement before the Magistrate: "When I was on my way home from Upper St. Martin's Lane in the Strand I picked up this piece of leather and string. I was standing looking at it when the constable came up and caught hold of me, and asked me what I had got in my possession, where I was going, and where I lived. I gave him my name and address, and also what I picked up. He said, 'I want to search you.' I said, 'That is all I have got, except 1/2 d. in money.' He with the other constable took me to Bow Street Police Court. I handed this piece of leather and string to the inspector, and the inspector asked him to send to the postal authorities to make sure. I was then put into the divisional room with two constables to watch me. Then the constable who charged me then searched me in front of the inspector and found nothing on me with the exception of my tools and money. The postal authorities then came and had a look at me and the inspector charged me. The constable gave this piece of leather to the inspector when he entered the station."</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280018"/>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-65" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-65" type="surname" value="MCIVOR"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-65" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE MCIVOR</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I was on my way home from a public-house in Shaftesbury Avenue, and stopped at this pillar-box in Upper-St., Martin's Lane, undecided which was my nearest way home. I saw the constable who followed me through Garrick Street, Bedford Street, and Exchange Court. As I got into the Strand I picked up this piece of leather and string, and as I was examining it he stopped me and asked me what I had got. I gave it to him and he arrested me. I ask him what he was arresting me for and he said he would not tell me. It is untrue that I left in the pillar-box or did anything to the letter-boxes in the Strand. When they were examined at my request nothing was found wrong with them. The lead was never attached to the leather, and it never could have been of any use.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I am a tailor and live at 1 1/2, Cohen Street, Waterloo. I am out of employment. I always used this house in Shaftesbury Avenue as I met my acquaintances there. I never saw any other man on this night.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19110228-16-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-16-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-16-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Four convictions and five summary convictions were proved against prisoner. He refused to give particulars of anybody for whom he had worked.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19110228-16-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-16-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-16-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-19110228 t19110228-16-punishment-18"/>Nine months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110228-17">
<interp inst="t19110228-17" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110228"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-17" type="date" value="19110228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-17-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-19110228 t19110228-17-offence-1 t19110228-17-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-17-19110228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-17-19110228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19110228" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19110228" type="surname" value="MITCHELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19110228" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19110228" type="occupation" value="baker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MITCHELL</hi>, Alfred (22, baker)</persName>,
<rs id="t19110228-17-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-17-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-17-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19110228-17-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-17-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-17-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="extortion"/>of feloniously sending to
<persName id="t19110228-name-67" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-67" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-67" type="surname" value="CALVER"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-67" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-17-offence-1 t19110228-name-67"/>Benjamin Calver</persName>, knowing the contents thereof, a letter demanding money with menaces.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner confessed to a previous conviction of felony at the Lam
<lb/>beth Police Court on May 22, 1908. Six other convictions of felony were proved against him. It was stated that being released from his sentences he would go into the workhouse where he refused to work, thus necessitating his being sent to prison again.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19110228-17-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-17-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-17-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-19110228 t19110228-17-punishment-19"/>18 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110228-18">
<interp inst="t19110228-18" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110228"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-18" type="date" value="19110228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-18-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-19110228 t19110228-18-offence-1 t19110228-18-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-18-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-18-19110228 t19110228-18-offence-2 t19110228-18-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-18-19110228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-18-19110228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19110228" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19110228" type="surname" value="MCKER"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19110228" type="given" value="WILLIAM CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19110228" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">McKER</hi>, William Charles (34, labourer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19110228-18-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-18-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-18-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19110228-18-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-18-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-18-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>of feloni
<lb/>ously acknowledging in the name of
<persName id="t19110228-name-69">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-69" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-69" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-69" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>William Webster</persName> a recognisance of bail as a surety for
<persName id="t19110228-name-70">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-70" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-70" type="surname" value="MCKER"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-70" type="given" value="JESSIE"/>Jessie McKer</persName> in a bail book at
<placeName id="t19110228-geo-1">
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-18-offence-1 t19110228-geo-1"/>City Road Police Station</placeName> before a person lawfully authorised in that behalf;</rs> and
<persName id="def2-18-19110228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-18-19110228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-18-19110228" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def2-18-19110228" type="surname" value="MCKER"/>
<interp inst="def2-18-19110228" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<interp inst="def2-18-19110228" type="occupation" value="dealer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">McKER</hi>, Frederick (28, dealer),</persName>
<rs id="t19110228-18-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-18-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-18-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>of feloniously aiding and abetting William Charles McKer to commit the said felony.</rs> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t19110228-18-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-18-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-18-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-19110228 t19110228-18-punishment-20"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-18-19110228 t19110228-18-punishment-20"/>Prisoners (who had been in custody three weeks and received good characters) were released on their own recognisances in £10 each to come up for judgment if called upon.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280019"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, March 1.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110228-19">
<interp inst="t19110228-19" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110228"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-19" type="date" value="19110228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-19-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-19-19110228 t19110228-19-offence-1 t19110228-19-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-19-19110228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-19-19110228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19110228" type="age" value="44"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19110228" type="surname" value="HUNTER"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19110228" type="given" value="HENRY JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19110228" type="occupation" value="motor-driver"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HUNTER</hi>, Henry John (44, motor-driver)</persName>
<rs id="t19110228-19-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-19-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-19-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, having received the sum of £5 10s. 7 1/2 d., for and on account of the
<persName id="t19110228-name-73" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-73" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-19-offence-1 t19110228-name-73"/>British Motor Cab Company, Limited</persName>, unlawfully did fraudulently convert the same to his own use and benefit.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Muir, Mr. Doughty, and Mr. Ganzoni prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-74" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-74" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-74" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN BROWN</persName> </hi>, timekeeper, British Motor Cab Company, Limited. On January 18, 1911, at 7.21 a.m., prisoner took out cab No. 5,304.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-75" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-75" type="surname" value="WHEATLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-75" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS WHEATLEY</persName> </hi>, allotment clerk, British Motor Cab Company, Limited. I produce way-bill of cab 5,304 delivered to prisoner on January 18.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-76" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-76" type="surname" value="BRIND"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-76" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH BRIND</persName> </hi>, 9, Besborough Place, Pimlico, widow. On November 29, 1910, I let prisoner two first-floor rooms at 8s. a week. On December 8 he borrowed £1 from me, which was repaid yesterday. On January 18 he left, and did not return until January 22, when I heard him come in and go out. I did not see him again until after his arrest.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALBERT STAINES</hi>, 180 E. On Sunday evening, January 29, I saw prisoner with cab No. 5,304 outside Romano's Restaurant. I asked prisoner to show his badge, which I found was No. 313, and was that of a man wanted for stealing a cab. I asked him if his name was Henry John Hunter. He said, "Yes." I asked him to stop his machinery, which he did, and got his fare from people who had got out. I told him he was wanted for stealing the cab, and must come to Bow Street. He said, "All right. I know what it 1s. I in
<lb/>tended to take the cab back to-night." When charged he said, "I think they have made a mistake saying that I stole the cab. I shall fight it out to the end. I have not been out of the four-mile radius since I had it. I have often had one out for three or four days, and nothing has ever been said about it."</p>
<p>Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE COLE</hi>, B Division. On January 29, at 8.45 p.m., I read the warrant to prisoner for stealing the cab. He said, "Yes, I have had it out before for two or three days. I will admit I have had it out rather a long time, but I do not see how they can call it steal
<lb/>ing. I was going to take it back to-night." I found on him way-bill and 13s. 0(d. Ashwood, who was with me, filled in on the way-bill the readings from the taximeter. The cab is now in the same condi
<lb/>tion. We drove it two miles and found no alteration in the readings on the meter; it has also bean driven here without alteration on the meter.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Ashwood made no demand on prisoner for the money the company were entitled to.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-77" type="surname" value="ASHWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-77" type="given" value="FRANCIS WILLIAM CHARLES"/>FRANCIS WILLIAM CHARLES ASHWOOD</persName> </hi>, assistant traffic manager, British Motor Cab Company, Limited. Prisoner has been employed by my company as driver since November 26, 1910. I produce prisoner's way-bins. On January 3 he had a cab out, and did not return till January 5, when prisoner paid £1 3s. 6d., amount due, and stated that</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280020"/>
<p>he had been ill, and that the cab had not been working. I passed him to work. I next saw prisoner at Bow Street on January 29, and filled up from the taximeter charges, showing that £7 7s. 6d. had been earned, of which £5 10s. 7(d. was due to the company. I then drove the cab to the garage and also for a five-mile run, and found that the meter did not register, having been tampered with, so that the slip
<lb/>wheel did not act.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-78" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-78" type="surname" value="BEAUMONT"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-78" type="given" value="WILLIAM WARBEY"/>WILLIAM WARBEY BEAUMONT</persName> </hi>, M.I.C.E., 222, Strand, consulting en
<lb/>gineer, technical adviser to the Commissioner of Police. On February 27 I examined cab 5,304 and found that the bar of the star-wheel had been bent. (Witness explained the mechanism of the meter). The cab must evidently have been run for 1,000 miles.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. A collision could not have interfered with the star-wheel in any way.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-79" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-79" type="surname" value="EYZARD"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-79" type="given" value="WILLIAM EDWARD"/>WILLIAM EDWARD EYZARD</persName> </hi>, meter tester, British Motor Cab Com
<lb/>pany, corroborated.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-80" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-80" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-80" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>HERBERT BAKER</persName> </hi>, taxi-cab driver, British Motor Cab Company. On January 16 I took out cab No. 5,304, bringing it back on January 17. The meter was in perfect order, and registered my mileage and money correctly.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-81" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-81" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-81" type="surname" value="WALLER"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-81" type="given" value="EDWIN CHARLES"/>EDWIN CHARLES WALLER</persName> </hi>, cab inspector, British Motor Cab Com
<lb/>pany. On January 29 I inspected cab 5,304 and found the taxi-lamp, which shows the amount of the fare, had been removed.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-82" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-82" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-82" type="surname" value="BANNISTER"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-82" type="given" value="ALLEN"/>ALLEN BANNISTER</persName> </hi>, secretary and general manager, British Motor Cab Company, Limited. Drivers are only permitted to keep a cab out for 24 hours; that rule is strictly enforced. It has been obeyed by pri
<lb/>soner except on one occasion, January 2 to 5, when notice was given to the police, and prisoner was arrested, but he subsequently ex
<lb/>plained and was re-engaged. I have no doubt that the star-wheel of this taxi-cab has been wilfully disconnected. If prisoner had been earning money at the same rate as before the meter should have shown £17 6s. 8d. for the period he had had the cab out without reporting.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. There is no other case I am aware of where a cab has been kept out without permission.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-83" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-83" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-83" type="surname" value="PEARCE"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-83" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK PEARCE</persName> </hi>, cab-shelter attendant. Prisoner, between January 18 and 27, came every night to the Duncannon Street shelter about 6 p.m., except on two occasions.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19110228-19-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-19-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-19-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>. Sentence,
<rs id="t19110228-19-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-19-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-19-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-19-19110228 t19110228-19-punishment-21"/>Six months' imprisonment, second divi
<lb/>sion.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110228-20">
<interp inst="t19110228-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110228"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-20" type="date" value="19110228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-20-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-19110228 t19110228-20-offence-1 t19110228-20-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-20-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-20-19110228 t19110228-20-offence-1 t19110228-20-verdict-2"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-20-19110228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-20-19110228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19110228" type="age" value="44"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19110228" type="surname" value="LIGER"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19110228" type="given" value="LEON"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19110228" type="occupation" value="baker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LIGER</hi>, Leon (44, baker)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-20-19110228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-20-19110228" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-20-19110228" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def2-20-19110228" type="surname" value="SOLLIER"/>
<interp inst="def2-20-19110228" type="given" value="MARGUERITE"/>
<interp inst="def2-20-19110228" type="occupation" value="cook"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SOLLIER</hi>, Marguerite (23, cook)</persName>
<rs id="t19110228-20-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-20-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-20-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="keepingABrothel"/>, both unlawfully conspiring and agreeing together and with one
<persName id="t19110228-name-86">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-86" type="surname" value="MARIE"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-86" type="given" value="LIONEL"/>Lionel Marie</persName> to procure a certain woman, to wit,
<persName id="t19110228-name-87" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-87" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-87" type="surname" value="PIKE"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-87" type="given" value="ROSIE LILY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-20-offence-1 t19110228-name-87"/>Rosie Lily Pike</persName>, to become a common prostitute without the King's Dominions, to leave the United Kingdom with intent that she might become an inmate of a brothel elsewhere, and to leave her usual place of abode in the United Kingdom, such place not being a brothel, with intent that she might for the purposes of prostitution, become an inmate of a brothel without the King's Dominions.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280021"/>
<p>Mr. Travers Humphreys prosecuted; Mr. Purcell defended.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t19110228-20-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-20-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-20-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>Liger pleaded guilty.</rs> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t19110228-20-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-20-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-20-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>Mr. Travers Humphreys stated that after carefully considering the case he proposed to offer no evidence against Sollier, and a verdict of Not guilty was returned</rs>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, March 2.)</p>
<p>Sentence (Liger),
<rs id="t19110228-20-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-20-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-20-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-19110228 t19110228-20-punishment-22"/>Nine months' hard labour;</rs>
<rs id="t19110228-20-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-20-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-20-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-19110228 t19110228-20-punishment-23"/>recommended for ex
<lb/>pulsion under the Aliens Act.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUDGE LUMLEY SMITH</hi>.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, March 1.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110228-21">
<interp inst="t19110228-21" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110228"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-21" type="date" value="19110228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-21-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-19110228 t19110228-21-offence-1 t19110228-21-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-21-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-21-19110228 t19110228-21-offence-1 t19110228-21-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-21-19110228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-21-19110228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19110228" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19110228" type="surname" value="HANWELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19110228" type="given" value="SIDNEY FREDERICK"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19110228" type="occupation" value="window cleaner"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HANWELL</hi>, Sidney Frederick (36, window cleaner)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-21-19110228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-21-19110228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-21-19110228" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def2-21-19110228" type="surname" value="MAY"/>
<interp inst="def2-21-19110228" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<interp inst="def2-21-19110228" type="occupation" value="canvasser"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MAY</hi>, Albert (25, canvasser)</persName>
<rs id="t19110228-21-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-21-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-21-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, stealing one clock, one set of compasses and case, the goods of
<persName id="t19110228-name-90" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-90" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-90" type="surname" value="FOULGER"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-90" type="given" value="HENRY BEVAN WEDGEWOOD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-21-offence-1 t19110228-name-90"/>Henry Bevan Wedgewood Foulger</persName>, one clock, the goods of
<persName id="t19110228-name-91" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-91" type="surname" value="MILLER"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-91" type="given" value="JOHN HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-21-offence-1 t19110228-name-91"/>John Henry Miller</persName>, and one overcoat and one pair of gloves, the goods of
<persName id="t19110228-name-92" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-92" type="surname" value="KINGSTON"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-92" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-21-offence-1 t19110228-name-92"/>Ernest Kingston</persName>; receiving the same well knowing them to have been stolen.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-93" type="surname" value="KINGSTON"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-93" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST KINGSTON</persName> </hi>, clerk to Foulger, Robinson, & Miller, Hare Court, Temple. On Saturday preceding August Bank Holiday last we closed the office at one o'clock; everything was safe. On Tuesday morning when the office was next opened the goods were missing. I identify the articles. The overcoat is mine. I identify the gloves by the wear on the fingers and knuckles.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-94" type="surname" value="HACOMBE"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-94" type="given" value="ALFRED ERNEST"/>ALFRED ERNEST HACOMBE</persName> </hi>, manager to Thompson Brothers, pawn
<lb/>brokers, 89, Roman Road, Barnsbury. I saw prisoners on July 30 and August 6. May came first between 6 and 9 p.m. on July 30 and pledged an overcoat and some compasses in a case. Hanwell came the same evening and pledged two clocks. About six months afterwards I was asked to identify them at different times; I did so without difficulty.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HANWELL</hi>. I know the witness very well; I lived in Barnsbury a number of years. I pawned the clocks.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by May. I walked up and down three times before I identified you. I saw you twice when you came to pledge the things. (To the Judge.) He gave the name of Graves. I had never seen him before July 30.</p>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES DUNNING</hi>. At 11.30 a.m. on February 1 I arrested May on his discharge at Old Street Police Court and told him I was a police officer and should charge him with stealing between July 31 and August 2 the clocks, overcoat, gloves, and compasses mentioned in this indictment. He made no answer to that. He was then conveyed to the City and charged.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280022"/>
<p>On searching him I found this pair of gloves in his pocket. I arrested Hanwell at 10.15 a.m. on February 9 on another charge, but he was subsequently discharged on that with the other prisoner. I told him he would be charged with being con
<lb/>cerned with May in stealing the goods mentioned. He replied, "It is nothing to do with me. I can prove my innocence; at least, I hope so."</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-95" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-95" type="surname" value="HANWELL"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-95" type="given" value="SIDNEY FREDERICK"/>SIDNEY FREDERICK HANWELL</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). As regards these clocks, on the day previous to August Bank Holiday last I ran into a man named Frank Ellis. I am very intimate with him; he lives in Penton Street, I do not know the number. He asked me to go home with him and said he had some stuff he wanted to pawn as he was hard pushed for money, and his people had gone away to Margate for a fortnight. He asked me to pawn the goods and said he would give me something for my trouble. He came with me and carried the clocks and waited at the top of the street till I pawned them. I pawned them for 10s. and he gave me 2s. 6d. He told me they were his people's.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have known Ellis 18 months or two years. I have written to the Chief of the Police at Scotland Yard and they have inquired but cannot find him. I know the Temple a bit, and have done a job there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-96" type="surname" value="HACOMBE"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-96" type="given" value="ALFRED ERNEST"/>ALFRED ERNEST HACOMBE</persName> </hi>, recalled. Hanwell gave me his real name. He called to take them out on the following Saturday. He said he gave 6d. for the ticket. I went to the police list and told him I could not let him have them. I then communicated with the Metropolitan Police.</p>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">DUNNING</hi>, recalled. I think I went to the pawn
<lb/>brokers about a fortnight after the robbery. Hanwell gave his correct name, but the address 39, James Street, was not right.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-97" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-97" type="surname" value="MAY"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-97" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT MAY</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I bought the gloves secondhand about last January and a coat and vest. I bought the pawnticket in a public-house in August or September and got them out of pawn in September or October. They were pawned at a pawnbroker's opposite Mr. Saunders's, in Essex Road, for 2s. I have written about the pawnticket and have received a reply in the name of Pocock. They say they were going to use it for the prosecution.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. On July 30 I started to walk to Southend at 3 p.m. My mother and sisters were going by train and my brother by cycle. I saw them there next morning, and we did not come back till the following Wednesday.</p>
<p>Mrs.
<hi rend="smallCaps">MAY</hi> (prisoner's mother). On July 30 I went to Southend and took the children by train. I saw my son Albert on the beach on Sunday morning. He was with us on and off till Tuesday about 4 p.m., when he started to walk back. He is a good boy, and if he had been in work he would not have mixed up with these people.</p>
<p>Verdict, May, Not guilty; Hanwell, Guilty of receiving.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280023"/>
<p>Prisoners were further indicted for stealing one clock, the goods of Thomas Edward Foster, one bag, the goods of Thomas Henning Parr, one jacket, the goods of Walter Howard, and one waistcoat, the goods of Herbert Duffield May, and with receiving the same, well knowing them to have been stolen.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-98" type="surname" value="HOWARD"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-98" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER HOWARD</persName> </hi>, 3, Elm Court, Temple. I left the chambers on August 5, Friday, at 3 p.m. and returned in the morning at 11. The theft was committed between these hours.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-99" type="surname" value="HACOMBE"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-99" type="given" value="ALFRED ERNEST"/>ALFRED ERNEST HACOMBE</persName> </hi>. On August 6 May brought the clock and Hanwell the kit bag, which he pledged for 5s. 6d. in the name of John Hanwell. Prisoners may have been in the shop together, but they did not come together.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by May. Another jury have just found I was mis
<lb/>taken in my identification. I did not see you between August 6 and February.</p>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES DUNNING</hi>. At 11.30 a.m. on February 1 I arrested May and charged him with stealing a kit-bag, clock, and other articles. I conveyed him to Bridewell Police Station, where I found him to be wearing a jacket and vest, since identified as the pro
<lb/>ceeds of this robbery. He said, "I took the jacket and vest out of a pawnshop in Essex Road, opposite Saunders's shop, about October last. I bought the ticket from a man I don't know for 9d. The jacket and vest was pledged for 2s." On February 9 I arrested Hanwell and charged him with being concerned with May in committing a robbery. He replied, "That is nothing to do with me." At the police station, in answer to the charge, he said, "I can prove my innocence; at least, I hope so."</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>H. G. F. Pococx, pawnbroker, 135, Essex Road. My shop is oppo
<lb/>site Saunders's. (To May). I wrote to you that I had 13 tickets re
<lb/>lating to jackets and vests pawned in August. We make no difference in marking the tickets if coats and vests should be of different colours. I cannot tell you the name of the person who pawned one on the 8th. If I had known it I should have written to the party. There were no pledges taken in during August with anybody but customers. I know every one of them, and have seen them again. The 13 customers have redeemed the goods. I do not think it is ridiculous to say they have been redeemed by the same people who put them in. (To the Judge). I have never seen either of the prisoners.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-100" type="surname" value="MAY"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-100" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT MAY</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I bought this ticket and got them out at this shop. I can describe the ticket. With regard to the clock, if the pawnbroker is mistaken in one case I should think he could be mistaken in the other.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MRS. MAY</hi> (prisoner May's mother). You showed me a ticket you were buying for a coat and vest. (To the Judge). It was somewhere at the end of the summer. He offered me the old coat for his brother.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HANWELL</hi> repeated his previous evidence as to pawning on behalf of a man named Ellis.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280024"/>
<p>
<rs id="t19110228-21-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-21-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-21-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Verdict, both Guilty of unlawful possession.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence, Hanwell,
<rs id="t19110228-21-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-21-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-21-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-19110228 t19110228-21-punishment-24"/>Nine months' hard labour on each indictment, to run concurrently;</rs> May,
<rs id="t19110228-21-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-21-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-21-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-21-19110228 t19110228-21-punishment-25"/>Nine months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110228-22">
<interp inst="t19110228-22" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110228"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-22" type="date" value="19110228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-22-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-19110228 t19110228-22-offence-1 t19110228-22-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-22-19110228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-22-19110228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19110228" type="age" value="59"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19110228" type="surname" value="LAWTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19110228" type="given" value="SOLOMON"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19110228" type="occupation" value="cabinet maker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LAWTON</hi>, Solomon (59, cabinet maker)</persName>
<rs id="t19110228-22-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-22-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-22-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>, carnally knowing
<persName id="t19110228-name-102" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-102" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-102" type="surname" value="KENNEDY"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-102" type="given" value="MAY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-22-offence-1 t19110228-name-102"/>May Kennedy</persName>, a girl over the age of 13 years and under the age of 16 years.</rs> </p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19110228-22-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-22-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-22-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MR. JUSTICE DARLING</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, March 2.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110228-23">
<interp inst="t19110228-23" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110228"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-23" type="date" value="19110228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-23-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-19110228 t19110228-23-offence-1 t19110228-23-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-23-19110228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-23-19110228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19110228" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19110228" type="surname" value="BROOKS"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19110228" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19110228" type="occupation" value=""/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BROOKS</hi>, Edward (37)</persName>
<rs id="t19110228-23-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-23-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-23-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="illegalAbortion"/>, feloniously using three instruments upon
<persName id="t19110228-name-104" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-104" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-104" type="surname" value="NEAL"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-104" type="given" value="DAISY CORDELIA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-23-offence-1 t19110228-name-104"/>Daisy Cordelia Neal</persName> with intent to procure her miscarriage.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Bodkin, Mr. Leycester, and Mr. Roome prosecuted; Mr. Purcell defended.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t19110228-23-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-23-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="miscVerdict"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-23-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noAgreement"/>The jury disagreed. The further trial was postponed to next sessions, prisoner being admitted to bail in two sureties of £50 each or one of £100.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110228-24">
<interp inst="t19110228-24" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110228"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-24" type="date" value="19110228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-24-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-24-19110228 t19110228-24-offence-1 t19110228-24-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-24-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-24-19110228 t19110228-24-offence-1 t19110228-24-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-24-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-24-19110228 t19110228-24-offence-1 t19110228-24-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-24-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def4-24-19110228 t19110228-24-offence-1 t19110228-24-verdict-3"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-24-19110228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-24-19110228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19110228" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19110228" type="surname" value="RAPPOLT"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19110228" type="given" value="LAWRENCE"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19110228" type="occupation" value="coachman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RAPPOLT</hi>, Lawrence (42, coachman)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-24-19110228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-24-19110228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-24-19110228" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def2-24-19110228" type="surname" value="WARD"/>
<interp inst="def2-24-19110228" type="given" value="LEWIS JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def2-24-19110228" type="occupation" value="dealer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WARD</hi>, Lewis James (32, dealer)</persName>,
<persName id="def3-24-19110228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-24-19110228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-24-19110228" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def3-24-19110228" type="surname" value="MACNAMARA"/>
<interp inst="def3-24-19110228" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="def3-24-19110228" type="occupation" value="flower-seller"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MACNAMARA</hi>, Charles (26, flower-seller)</persName>, and
<persName id="def4-24-19110228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def4-24-19110228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def4-24-19110228" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def4-24-19110228" type="surname" value="HAINES"/>
<interp inst="def4-24-19110228" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="def4-24-19110228" type="occupation" value="dealer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HAINES</hi>, Charles (37, dealer),</persName>
<rs id="t19110228-24-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-24-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-24-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/> inflicting grievous bodily harm upon
<persName id="t19110228-name-109" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-109" type="surname" value="STEPHENS"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-109" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-24-offence-1 t19110228-name-109"/>Alfred Stephens</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Muir and Mr. Leycester prosecuted; Mr. David White defended Ward; Mr. Bryan defended Haines.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-110" type="surname" value="STEPHENS"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-110" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED STEPHENS</persName> </hi>, cabdriver. I have known Rappolt for some years. When I first knew him he was a cabdriver. I have known Ward for about a fortnight before I was assaulted. I have known Macnamara only for a few days; I never knew Haines at all; I saw him on February 19 in the "Horns" public-house; I did not know his name at all. In December last I was lodging at Rowton House. I met Rappolt and he asked me to go and lodge with him. Some time after Christmas I went to lodge with him at 9, Thomas's Avenue. I remember hearing about the man who was murdered on Clapham Common; I gave evidence against the man named Stinie Morrison before the magistrate and before the coroner. On January 15 I was in communication with Sergeant Cooper at the police station about giving evidence. On leaving there I met Rappolt at Kennington in the "Spread Eagle" and told him where I had been. There were several men in the public-house; I do not know their names; I know them by sight; they all go racing. Rappolt told me I ought not to have gone to the police; they were a lot of blackguards and liars, and they had done him a great amount of harm and I ought to be f—d for telling them, and it was only men like me that gave them any information; the other men there all told me I ought to be kicked for going to the police. A nam named Wolff there said he knew Morrison well and the police had got him banged to rights; he told me that before he went away last time he used to do his work for</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280025"/>
<p>him and a man named Frenchy was doing it this time for him. Rap
<lb/>polt said, "I know Frenchy; we was in Warwick Gaol together"; he told me afterwards that Frenchy was Max Frank and that he was a fence. On January 22 I saw Rappolt that night in the "Horns" public-house and he told me I ought not to identify the man, but ought to say he was not one of the men. On February 19 when I was at home Rappolt came in about six o'clock and told his wife he was not coming home all night; he did not speak to me. On the following day, just after midnight, I left the "Horns" and was walking home. When I turned round Avenue Road—there is a wall round the corner, and on the other side I saw Ward standing there—I heard someone say, "Here he is" or "Here he comes"; they all four rushed at me without anything being said. Macnamara struck me on the eye and knocked me down, and they all started kicking me; I struggled up the best way I could. I caught hold of one of their coats and dragged myself up and ran down Grosvenor Terrace; I could not call out; I was helpless. Haines ran after me and the others followed. While they were assaulting me they said, "We will give you something, going to the police"; Haines caught hold of my coat. I knocked him off and he fell down; they shouted at me, "Copper's nark," "Clapham Common perjurer," and all the names they could think of. During this time nothing was said to me about Rappolt's wife. I went to the police station and was attended to by the divi
<lb/>sional surgeon. I stayed at the station all night and the next morning I went to St. Thomas's Hospital. Rappolt is the man that kicked me in the knee.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Bryan. I have known Rappolt for about 12 years. When I was about to give evidence in the Clapham murder case I was living at Rowton House. I did not tell Rappolt that I objected to the police coming there to see me; I objected to the other lodgers knowing I was in the case; they were friends of Rappolt's. I went to live at Rappolt's house and I paid 15s. a week; that was about January 14. I am not suggesting that Rappolt had any interest in the Clapham murder; he was my friend and I told him all I knew about it; he did not know Morrison, but he knew men that knew Morrison. On Sunday, February 20, I got home to my dinner at half-past five. Rappolt's wife told me that they had a quarrel; she did not say he was not coming home that night. I did not say, "It does not matter, I shall be here." I did not put my arm round her neck and try to kiss her, nor did I say, "It does not matter about him, we can sleep together to-night; which side of the bed shall I sleep on." I went out and came back at 11 o'clock; I did not know if she was in bed. When I got to the top of the stairs she called out to me and said, "Lawrie is in; lock the door," and I locked the door. I did not ask her if her husband was in, nor did I try her room door. After I left prisoner Rappolt in the "Horns" that night I did not see him till I was assaulted. When I saw the men they were all standing under a lamp; nothing was said by any of them; they all rushed at me and got me on the ground. I did not hit Rappolt first; I did not fall down; I was knocked down by</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280026"/>
<p>Macnamara. Rappolt works for various racecourse thieves. The reason why Rappolt did not want me to give evidence was because there are men behind this man that if they lose a man for doing anything like this his wife and family is kept while he is in prison.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. White. Ward has not threatened me if I gave evidence. Ward was the first man I see; he was standing under a lamp. He said, "Here he comes." I am a very feeble man. I am not suffering from nervous shocks, and I do not think everybody is going to assault me. I have lived at Chapter Road, Walworth, and I left owing some rent. I know Mr. Fazant; he spoke to me at the South-Western Police Court and asked for the rent I owed. I did not call a detective and tell him I would have him arrested for intimidating me.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Macnamara. I have never seen you in the "Spread Eagle"; I saw you about a month ago with Rappolt at Cam
<lb/>berwell; I never knew your name. On Sunday before the assault I was with you from eight in the evening till ten; but I have never been out with you in my life. You struck me in the eye and knocked me down. You are no friend of mine; you are a friend of Rappolt's; I have only met you in a public-house.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Haines. The first time I saw you was in the "Horns"on the Sunday night; you left before I did; you were with Rappolt when I was assaulted; you ran after me.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I went to the police-station after Haines was arrested and picked him out from a number of other men as the man who ran after me.</p>
<p>(Friday, March 3.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-111" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-111" type="surname" value="STEPHENS"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-111" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED STEPHENS</persName> </hi>, further cross-examined by Mr. White. I was not expecting to be attacked for giving evidence in the Clapham murder case; I had been threatened with assault on the Friday before; during that time I had met prisoner Ward many times. On the night I was assaulted I stayed at the police station; I did not ask that a police officer might come home with me. After I had been assaulted I refused to go home; I did not refuse because I should have to go where Rappolt was; the police offered to send me back to Rowton House but I refused; I was not afraid to meet Rappolt; I had not done anything to his wife.</p>
<p>Re-examined. On February 3 I was threatened, before this assault, at the cab rank at Fenchurch Street Station; certain suggestions for me to make certain statements were made, and I refused to entertain the idea at all, and when the men found that I refused they threatened that I would never live to come to the Old Bailey to give evidence; that is why I went to the police. There were four men; I only knew them by sight; I went to the magistrate and I was granted four warrants; I have only seen one of those four men since; he is a racing man; I do not know his name.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280027"/>
<p>Dr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">LAVAL</hi>, Divisional Surgeon, L Division. I saw Stephens at Carter Street Police Station on February 21 at 1.30 a.m. He was suffering from a bruise and cut over the right eye, a bruise and abra
<lb/>sion under the right knee, and a bruise over the right hip joint; he complained of pain over all those parts, especially the hip; when he tried to sit down he was in pain. I attended to his wounds in a temporary way at the station and he was taken to the hospital.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Bryan. The injuries were not very serious; the bruise and cut over the right eye might have been caused by one blow; I do not think he could have received the injuries to his knee and hip by falling on the kerb; they were so placed that that would be almost impossible.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. White. He did not complain of any kicks on the head or on the jaw; I only examined him once.</p>
<p>Re-examined. The injuries I saw on the knee looked more like vio
<lb/>lence from a blow than the result of a fall; I do not think he struck anything in falling.</p>
<p>Dr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">LAWRENCE ROUTH</hi>. On the early morning of February 21 I was casualty officer at St. Thomas's Hospital. I saw Stephens there about 10 o'clock. He had a contusion and abrasion over the right eye and the forehead, a contusion on the right eye and an abrasion below the right knee; he complained of considerable pain over the lower ribs, especially on taking a deep breath; all those injuries could not have been caused by one blow.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Bryan. I found no injury to the hip joint; he did not complain of pain there; from the position and shape I think it is unlikely that the injury to the knee could have been caused by falling on the kerb; they were not serious wounds.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. White. He did not complain of kicks on the head and jaw; they were such injuries as could have been caused by his being kicked and knocked down.</p>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALFRED DOWERS</hi>, L Division, proved the arrest of Rappolt and Ward. Rappolt, in reply to the charge, said, "He (Stephens) took a liberty with my wife on Sunday; he has given evidence in the murder case, and he has committed perjury in that, the bastard; he deserved more than he got. I know Mackie, but I don't know the fourth man."Ward said, "This is all right! I never touched him; he (Rappolt) done it, because he said something to his wife.... This is b—well all right; it looks b—bad, a man in for murder, and him as a witness in the case and getting a hiding; it looks rosy; it's easy to get into trouble, but a damned hard job to get out of it, especially one like this; we did not hurt him very much." Later Rappolt said, "Nobody touched him, only me. He hit me first and I struck him for trying to take a liberty with my wife."</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. White. I am certain Ward said "we" (not "he")"did not hurt him very much."</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280028"/>
<p>Detective
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN PAYNE</hi>, W Division, proved the arrest of Mac
<lb/>namara, whose statement was, "What, assaulting a cabman named Stephens—not so bad, is it? I did not interfere with him at all."</p>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">CHARLES COOPER</hi>, W Division, proved the arrest of Haines, who said in reply to the charge, "I know Stephens; he was pointed out to me in the 'Horns' last Sunday night; that was the first and last time I have seen him."</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. White. During one of the hearings at the police court I was instructed to look after Stephens. He was standing outside the court when Fazant and a woman went up to him and they were apparently having a heated conversation. I heard Fazant say, "You're a damned fine man to give evidence in a murder case." I went up and cautioned Fazant and he walked away. There was something said about rent.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-112" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-112" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-112" type="surname" value="RAPPOLT"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-112" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE RAPPOLT</persName> </hi>, a woman living with prisoner Rappolt as his wife, said that on February 19 Stephens put his arms round her and kissed her and at night tried to enter her bedroom. She told this the next day to Gosher.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-113" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-113" type="surname" value="GOSHER"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-113" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM GOSHER</persName> </hi> said that Mrs. Rappolt told her of Stephens's behaviour and he repeated the statement to Rappolt.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have been convicted of felony. (A number of names of convicted thieves were put to witness as being associates of his; he denied knowledge of most of them.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-114" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-114" type="surname" value="BENNETT"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-114" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM A. BENNETT</persName> </hi>, a newsvendor, said that he was in the "Horns" on the night of February 19 and there saw Stephens and Macnamara and Haines; Rappolt was not there. Witness heard no threats used to Stephens. At closing time Stephens and Macna
<lb/>mara left together; Haines had left about 10.30.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-115" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-115" type="surname" value="RAPPOLT"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-115" type="given" value="LAWRENCE"/>LAWRENCE RAPPOLT</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I do not know Morrison or anybody connected with the Clapham murder. On February 20 Gosher told me what Stephens had done to my wife. I went home that night; Macnamara and Ward walked with me, as they pass my door. As we were standing at the door Stephens came up the street; I left Macnamara and Ward and went up to Stephens and said, "What have you been trying to take liberties with my wife for?" He said, "I take liberties?" and hit me in the face, scratching me right down (while in prison I have had to apply ointment to the scratches). I hit him back and he stumbled down and caught the kerb. Only these two blows were struck; neither Macnamara nor Ward interfered at all. Haines was not there; I do not know him. I have never bullied Stephens about giving evidence in the murder case or called him a copper's nark.</p>
<p>Cross-examined." Frenchy" and I were in Warwick Gaol to
<lb/>gether; I did not tell Stephens that Frenchy was a fence. In 1897 I was convicted of an assault on the police and fined £3 or 21 days. In April, 1903, I got two months' hard labour for assault on a private</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280029"/>
<p>person; in November, 1906, two months' hard labour for assault on a private person and biting him through the finger; November, 1909, fined 20s. for kicking a man.</p>
<p>----
<hi rend="smallCaps">FAZANT</hi>, ex-certified bailiff, said that he received instructions to collect a debt of £2 for rent from Stephens, who left his lodgings without giving notice and disappeared. Reading in the papers that he was to give evidence in the murder case, witness went to the police court. As he was talking to Stephens outside the court Sergeant Cooper came up and said, "If you say anything to this man or interfere with him in any way I shall take you inside." Witness denied that he was talking to Stephens about the murder case; he did say to Stephens, "You are a nice one," referring simply to the fact that he had run away without paying his rent.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-116" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-116" type="surname" value="WARD"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-116" type="given" value="LEWIS JAMES"/>LEWIS JAMES WARD</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath) confirmed Rappolt's account. He denied that he ever struck Stephens; he did not Know Morrison and knew nothing about the Clapham murder case. He did not see Haines at all on the night in question.</p>
<p>Prisoner
<hi rend="smallCaps">MACNAMARA</hi> (not on oath) also adopted Rappolt's account and declared that he never struck Stephens.</p>
<p>Prisoner
<hi rend="smallCaps">HAINES</hi> (not on oath) said he left the "Horns" about 10 o'clock and was not present on the occasion of the assault.</p>
<p>Verdict: Rappolt,
<rs id="t19110228-24-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-24-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-24-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty of assault occasioning grievous bodily harm;</rs> Ward and Macnamara,
<rs id="t19110228-24-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-24-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-24-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>Guilty of assault occasioning actual bodily harm</rs>; Haines,
<rs id="t19110228-24-verdict-3" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-24-verdict-3" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-24-verdict-3" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Numerous previous convictions were proved against Rappolt, who was stated to be an associate of thieves; similar bad record was proved against Macnamara; against Ward there was only one convic
<lb/>tion, for living on the immoral earnings of a woman.</p>
<p>Sentences: Rappolt,
<rs id="t19110228-24-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-24-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-24-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-24-19110228 t19110228-24-punishment-26"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>; Macnamara and Ward, each
<rs id="t19110228-24-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-24-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-24-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-24-19110228 t19110228-24-punishment-27"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-24-19110228 t19110228-24-punishment-27"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, March 2.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110228-25">
<interp inst="t19110228-25" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110228"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-25" type="date" value="19110228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-25-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-19110228 t19110228-25-offence-1 t19110228-25-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-25-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-19110228 t19110228-25-offence-2 t19110228-25-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-25-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-19110228 t19110228-25-offence-3 t19110228-25-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-25-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-19110228 t19110228-25-offence-4 t19110228-25-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-25-19110228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-25-19110228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19110228" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19110228" type="surname" value="DENNANT"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19110228" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19110228" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DENNANT</hi>, Alfred (30, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19110228-25-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-25-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-25-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t19110228-name-118" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-118" type="surname" value="SAINSBURY"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-118" type="given" value="THOMAS POPHAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-25-offence-1 t19110228-name-118"/>Thomas Popham Sainsbury</persName> and stealing therein one goblet and other articles, his goods; attempted burglary in the dwelling-house of Thomas Popham Sainsbury, with intent to steal therein;</rs>
<rs id="t19110228-25-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-25-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-25-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>mali
<lb/>ciously by drawing the trigger of a certain loaded pistol did attempt to shoot
<persName id="t19110228-name-119" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-119" type="surname" value="HELDEN"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-119" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-25-offence-2 t19110228-name-119"/>Albert Helden</persName> and
<persName id="t19110228-name-120" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-120" type="surname" value="MORTIMER"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-120" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-25-offence-2 t19110228-name-120"/>Henry Mortimer</persName>, with intent to resist his lawful apprehension</rs>;
<rs id="t19110228-25-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-25-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-25-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t19110228-name-121" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-121" type="surname" value="SAINSBURY"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-121" type="given" value="THOMAS POPHAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-25-offence-3 t19110228-name-121"/>Thomas Popham Sainsbury</persName>, with intent to steal therein;</rs>
<rs id="t19110228-25-offence-4" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-25-offence-4" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-25-offence-4" type="offenceSubcategory" value="extortion"/>feloniously by menaces demanding from
<persName id="t19110228-name-122" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-122" type="surname" value="SAINSBURY"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-122" type="given" value="THOMAS POPHAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-25-offence-4 t19110228-name-122"/>Thomas Popham Sainsbury</persName> certain of his moneys, with intent to steal the same.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. W. L. Ambrose prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-123" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-123" type="surname" value="SAINSBURY"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-123" type="given" value="THOMAS POPHAM"/>THOMAS POPHAM SAINSBURY</persName> </hi>, Elgin House, Thornbury Road, Spring Grove, near Isle worth. On January 25 in the early morning I was</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280030"/>
<p>awakened by my daughter shouting out. I found prisoner in the passage coming from the bath-room. I told him he must go, and let him out at the front door. I then examined the house and again found prisoner in the spare room on the first floor. I asked what he wanted. He said, "Money." I went into my dressing-room, got 3s., which I gave him, again escorted him downstairs, and let him out. I promised not to ring up the police if he would go. On February 27 at 10.30 p.m. I was in the drawing-room reading when I heard the noise of a window being opened. I examined the house, found no one, and blew a police whistle. We then found on the table in the schoolroom a goblet, a prize cup, two silver photo frames, and other articles which had been removed from a stand in the room; a silver paper knife was missing—the value of the articles being £5. The prisoner had formerly done some work on the chimney of the house.</p>
<p>Detective-inspector
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALBERT HELDEN</hi>, E Division. On January 28 at 12-45 a.m. I proceeded with Police-constable Mortimer to Elgin House. I found the schoolroom window had been forced; there were marks on the ledges of someone climbing about, and on further exami
<lb/>nation I found prisoner spread-eagled on the ledge of the drawing-room window. He then held towards us pistol (produced), and said, "Stand back or I will shoot you." I instructed Mortimer to go to the stairs of the verandah and turned a bull's eye on the prisoner. He said, "Take that light away—I will shoot you, "at the same time clicking the pistol. Getting on to the verandah I seized prisoner by the ear, Mortimer wrenched the pistol away. With assistance he was taken to Hounslow Police Station and searched. We found on him two pieces of candle, two boxes matches, string, and a handkerchief. I told him he answered the description of a man who had broken in at Elgin House on January 25. He said, "Yes, I got three bob out of the old man." He was then charged with this and other burglaries. He said, "Yes, I understand—quite right." I have examined the pistol, which is an old-fashioned one taken from the house; it con
<lb/>tained a bullet and a charge of powder, which ignited; there was no cap on the nipple.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">HENRY MORTIMER</hi>, 622 T, corroborated.</p>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM HAILSTONE</hi>, T Division. On Janu
<lb/>ary 25 at 11.30 a.m. I examined Elgin House. I found an entry had been effected through the spare-room window by climbing on to the conservatory roof. On the morning of January 28 I found entry had been made in the same way. I afterwards saw prisoner at the station and said to Helden, "Mr. Sainsbury tells me he has lost a silver paper knife, but I cannot find it." Prisoner said, "That is right. I dropped it on the grass near the house." It was afterwards found.</p>
<p>Prisoner (not on oath) in a long speech explained how he got in and climbed round various windows of the house until he was arrested, as stated.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19110228-25-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-25-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-25-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280031"/>
<p>Prisoner confessed to having been convicted at Guildhall, West
<lb/>minster, on June 4, 1910, receiving nine months' hard labour for burglary after previous convictions: Middlesex Sessions, January 9, 1909, 18 months for burglary; Portsmouth, October 1, 1908, wilful damage, fined £5 or one month.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19110228-25-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-25-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-25-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-19110228 t19110228-25-punishment-28"/>Six years' penal servitude</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110228-26">
<interp inst="t19110228-26" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110228"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-26" type="date" value="19110228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-26-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-19110228 t19110228-26-offence-1 t19110228-26-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-26-19110228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-26-19110228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19110228" type="age" value="46"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19110228" type="surname" value="NICOLL"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19110228" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19110228" type="occupation" value="traveller"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NICOLL</hi>, Thomas (46, traveller)</persName>
<rs id="t19110228-26-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-26-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-26-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, forging a certain endorsement on an order from
<persName id="t19110228-name-125" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-125" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-26-offence-1 t19110228-name-125"/>John Fox and Company</persName> for the payment of money, to wit, a banker's cheque for £9, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Huntly Jenkins prosecuted; Mr. R. Reiss defended.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-126" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-126" type="surname" value="MUIR"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-126" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK MUIR</persName> </hi>, clerk to John James Smith and Company, 290, Cable Street, sackmakers. Prisoner was employed to solicit orders and collect money from customers until July, 1910, when his authority to receive money was withdrawn and his official receipt book taken from him. On February 3 Fox and Company owed £10; there was a dispute and prisoner was instructed to see them and arrange it. On February 16 I saw Fox and Company, they showed me cheque (pro
<lb/>duced) for £9 made payable to my firm endorsed by prisoner, also receipt signed by prisoner. Prisoner had no authority to endorse the cheque or to receive the money. Prisoner did not come to the office as usual on the Saturdays February 4, 11, and 18 to receive his commission. I next saw him when arrested.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner formerly used to receive cheques and money for the firm, deduct his commission, and inform the firm of the amount received. In July, 1910, he owed £40 money not paid over. Mr. Smith then accepted a promissory note from prisoner to pay up that amount at £1 a month, withdrawing his authority to re
<lb/>ceive money. His commission varied from 10 per cent. to 2 1/2 per cent. on various orders and was fixed by the firm; his earnings were £4 to £5 a week. In the endorsement of the cheque there is no attempt to imitate the firm's signature. Since July last other firms have insisted on paying prisoner moneys which he has handed over.</p>
<p>Re-examined. If prisoner came on Saturday his account was always settled up. Promissory note is: "I promise to pay Smith and Company £40 at the rate of £1 per month, commencing September 1, 1910, the above being balances of moneys collected and not accounted for."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-127" type="surname" value="FOX"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-127" type="given" value="JOHN JAMES"/>JOHN JAMES FOX</persName> </hi>, Stratford Market, fruit salesman. On Febru
<lb/>ary 31 paid prisoner crossed cheque (produced) for £9 in settlement of account and received from him receipt signed by him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-128" type="surname" value="BADCOCK"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-128" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES BADCOCK</persName> </hi>, licensee, "Dudley Arms," Harrow Road. On September 4 I cashed cheque (produced) for £9 for prisoner.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner did not endorse it in my presence. He asked me if he should put his name also upon it. I said it was not necessary. I have known prisoner seven or eight years as a highly respectable man. (To the jury.) I have changed cheques made out to prisoner by his firm.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280032"/>
<p>Detective
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM CRIDLAND</hi>, H Division. On February 20 I arrested prisoner in Harrow Road on a warrant charging him with forging a cheque. He said, "That is so, I did it."</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-129" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-129" type="surname" value="NICOLL"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-129" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS NICOLL</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I was employed by prose
<lb/>cutors to canvass for orders. My commission was not fixed, it was 10, 7 1/2, 5, 2 1/2, and 1 1/2 per cent., as settled by the firm, and I did not know what it was until my account was made up once a month. I frequently received a cheque for £10 or £15 on account because the account was not made up. When I received money I told the firm and it was debited against my commission. In July, 1910, it was found that I had received £40 more than the firm said I was entitled to. I thought the commission allowed was too small, but I wished to keep on with the firm, accepted the account, and agreed to repay the £40 at the rate of £1 a month. I repeatedly received money, notified the firm, and it was put against my commission. They said I ought to have paid the money over. I always paid the official receipt. Up to August I received a salary; after that I was to have commission only, but on a larger scale; it amounted to £3 to £5 a week. I was not paid regularly. I never asked customers after August for money, but several did hand money to me, which I accounted for. On February 3 I went to Fox and Company and agreed to take £9. The clerk offered me a cheque. I said I could not give a receipt as I had not a receipt book. The clerk said it did not matter, handed me a stamp and asked me to receipt the invoice, which I did. The next day, not having received my commission, I was short of money, having lent a sum to a Mrs. Wicks, which I was expecting daily; I endorsed the cheque and cashed it with Badcock. I fully intended to pay the money over almost immediately.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. There has been friction with the prosecutors with regard to my not paying money over. On February 9, 1909, I wrote, "I feel my position acutely and have up to now been unable to mention it to my wife." I am not married—I referred to a lady living with me. Prosecutors did not threaten to prosecute me for embezzlement. There have been several squabbles with regard to the collection of accounts. On August 17 I did not beg for mercy. I wrote, "If you will allow me to sell on 10 per cent. commission terms, payable weekly, I will give you my faithful promise that I will act henceforth in a thoroughly straighforward manner and redeem my character with you"—that referred to my being away from the office for two or three weeks.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-130" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-130" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-130" type="surname" value="MORPETH"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-130" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES MORPETH</persName> </hi>, 84, Stroud Green Road. On October 13, 1910, I handed prisoner cheque, £3 6s. 8d. I asked him if he would take the cheque to save me sending it on.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-131" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-131" type="surname" value="FAILES"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-131" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR FAILES</persName> </hi>. I asked prisoner to take cheque for £1 11s. 3d. to save my forwarding it. I afterwards received official receipt from Smith and Co.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280033"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-132" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-132" type="surname" value="JOY"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-132" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK JOY</persName> </hi>, clerk to John James Fox. On February 3 I saw prisoner. The account had been open for some time, and on his settling it at £9 I offered him a cheque. He said he could not give the official receipt. I handed him a stamp and asked him to receipt the in
<lb/>voice.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19110228-26-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-26-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-26-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>Guilty; with a recommendation to mercy.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19110228-26-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-26-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-26-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-19110228 t19110228-26-punishment-29"/>Nine months' imprisonment, second division.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUDGE LUMLEY SMITH</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, March 2.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110228-27">
<interp inst="t19110228-27" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110228"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-27" type="date" value="19110228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-27-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-27-19110228 t19110228-27-offence-1 t19110228-27-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-27-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-27-19110228 t19110228-27-offence-1 t19110228-27-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-27-19110228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-27-19110228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19110228" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19110228" type="surname" value="COHEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19110228" type="given" value="CYRIL"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19110228" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COHEN</hi>, Cyril (21, clerk)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-27-19110228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-27-19110228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-27-19110228" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="def2-27-19110228" type="surname" value="TREVISICK"/>
<interp inst="def2-27-19110228" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def2-27-19110228" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">TREVISICK</hi>, William (16
<hi rend="italic">r</hi> labourer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19110228-27-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-27-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-27-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19110228-27-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-27-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-27-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>of gross indecency.</rs> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t19110228-27-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-27-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-27-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-27-19110228 t19110228-27-punishment-30"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-27-19110228 t19110228-27-punishment-30"/>Prisoners were released on their own recognisances in £5 each to come up for judgment if called upon.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Friday, March 3.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110228-28">
<interp inst="t19110228-28" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110228"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-28" type="date" value="19110228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-28-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28-19110228 t19110228-28-offence-1 t19110228-28-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-28-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-28-19110228 t19110228-28-offence-1 t19110228-28-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-28-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28-19110228 t19110228-28-offence-2 t19110228-28-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-28-19110228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-28-19110228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19110228" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19110228" type="surname" value="EVERETT"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19110228" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19110228" type="occupation" value="hatter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EVERETT</hi>, Ernest (34, hatter)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-28-19110228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-28-19110228" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-28-19110228" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def2-28-19110228" type="surname" value="MOSS"/>
<interp inst="def2-28-19110228" type="given" value="CLARA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MOSS</hi>, Clara (22)</persName>
<rs id="t19110228-28-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-28-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-28-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, both un
<lb/>lawfully uttering counterfeit coin three times on the same day;</rs> Everett,
<rs id="t19110228-28-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-28-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-28-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assault"/>assaulting
<persName id="t19110228-name-137" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-137" type="surname" value="CROXFORD"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-137" type="given" value="JOHN EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-28-offence-2 t19110228-name-137"/>John Edward Croxford</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Beaumont Morice prosecuted; Mr. S. Joyce Thomas defended (at the request of the Court).</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-138" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-138" type="surname" value="HOGAN"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-138" type="given" value="MARY"/>MART HOGAN</persName> </hi>, wife of William Hogan, 46, Ethelm Street, Lambeth, greengrocer. On November 15, 1910, the two prisoners hired my back parlour at 4s. 6d. a week and lived there as Mr. and Mrs. Everett up to the arrest. On February 1 they went out between 5 and 6 p.m. Moss returned at 1 a.m. and was arrested on Friday, February 3.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. They had a baby about four months old. The stove had been repaired; one side of it is patched with plaster of paris in a rough manner.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-139" type="surname" value="MORRIS"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-139" type="given" value="EDWARD STONE"/>EDWARD STONE MORRIS</persName> </hi>, Rushey Green, Catford, pharmacist. On February 1 at 9 p.m. Moss bought a penny packet of boracic powders, tendered a florin and received a shilling, sixpence, and five pennies change. I rang the coin and put it in bag (produced). The next day Sergeant Bunn came when I was in the act of counting the money. He picked out 2s. piece (produced) and said, "That looks a wrong 'un," and bent it. It was very dirty, and I am certain it is the one I took from Moss.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. There were three or four other 2s. pieces in my bag. I accepted the coin from Moss as good. I am certain that is the one she gave me.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280034"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-140" type="surname" value="WEST"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-140" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEST</persName> </hi>, barman, "Plough and Harrow" beerhouse, Rushey Green, Catford. On February 1 at 10.30 p.m. the two prisoners came into my bar. Everett called for a glass of ale and a glass of ginger beer, paid a good shilling and received a sixpence and four pennies change. He then asked me to give him half-a-crown for a shilling and three sixpences, which I did. Moss then mixed the ginger beer and ale together. Everett said he did not like that, he was not going to drink it, he would have a bottle of ale, 3d., and told Moss to pay for it. She opened her purse, took out a 2s. piece, said she had no change, she did not want to change the 2s. piece, and asked Everett to pay for it." Everett said, "You will have to change it. I have no coppers." She then put the 2s. piece on the counter. I did not like the look of it, tested it with aqua fortis, and found it was bad. I said, "I cannot take this, it is bad." She said, "We must have got it at the "Black Horse"—that is a public-house further up the road. I returned her the coin, and she stood rubbing it and asked me about the test. I showed her how the acid marked the coin. She said, "It rang all right," and I agreed. I said, "I should take it back to the 'Black Horse.'" Everett paid for the ale with three pennies. They then left and went in the opposite direction to the "Black Horse." On February 9 I identified the two pri
<lb/>soners at the police station.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I cannot swear to the coin. I knew Everett had the coppers which I had just given him; it was not my business to do so. Moss took the florin out of her purse—it was an ordinary woman's purse. I did not consider that Everett was under the influence of drink.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-141" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-141" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM HALL</persName> </hi>, manager of the "Black Horse" Hotel, Rushey Green. On February 2 and 3 I had no complaints of counterfeit coin being received.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-142" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-142" type="surname" value="FOX"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-142" type="given" value="NINA"/>NINA FOX</persName> </hi>, assistant to John Edward Croxford, Rushey Green, confectioner. On February 1 at about 10.45 p.m. Everett asked for a pennyworth of sweets and tendered florin (produced); I rang it on the counter and took it to Croxford, who was in the back parlour. He came into the shop and said to Everett, "This is a bad 2s. piece, have you any more?" and asked for his name and address, I did not hear prisoner reply. Croxford said he would get a policeman and went to the door, when prisoner pushed him. Croxford blew his whistle twice, the prisoner then hit him in the face.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I think this is the coin. I thought it was bad because it looked so dark and did not ring quite true. Everett could have run away while I was fetching Croxford. I did not notice Everett's condition. Croxford may have been a little excited. I did not hear him say anything. Croxford asked me to get his whistle, which I did. At the door Everett asked for the coin back. After the whistle was twice blown Everett struck Croxford; he fell and Everett ran away.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-143" type="surname" value="CROXFORD"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-143" type="given" value="JOHN EDWARD"/>JOHN EDWARD CROXFORD</persName> </hi>, Rushey Green, confectioner, corrobo
<lb/>rated. I Id Everett that unless he gave me his name and address I should call a constable. I endeavoured to get to the door when</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280035"/>
<p>he hustled me. I got outside and blew my whistle, which Fox had brought me, twice. Everett then struck me a blow in the jaw, knocked me down, and ran away. I got up and followed, did not lose sight of him; he tried to board a tram-car, and I called to the con
<lb/>ductor, "Do not let that man get on the car." He then ran across the road, and was turning the corner when Sergeant Johnson came up on a bicycle. Some one in the crowd said, "That is the man you want, constable," and Everett was Arrested. Johnson asked me if I was going to give him into custody, and I said, "Yes, for assaulting me and uttering counterfeit coin." Moss was in the crowd; she said to me, "You are not going to charge the poor man?" I said, "Yes, certainly, after he has knocked me down I shall." He was then taken to the station.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Everett did not look as if he had been drinking. I did not say to him, "Have you got any more of these bad coins?"—I do not remember saying it. He asked for his coin back, but I refused to give it him. I did not get the full force of the blow; if I had I should probably not be here to-day. It was a blow with the fist.</p>
<p>Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">CHARLES JOHNSON</hi>, 60 P. On February 1 at 10.55 p.m. I was in High Street, Lewisham, when I saw Everett walking very fast, followed by a crowd. A tram driver caught him and said, "This is the man you want." Croxford gave him into custody for uttering a counterfeit 2s. piece and assaulting him by knocking him down with his fist. Everett made no reply. I took him to the Lewisham Police Station. On the way Everett said, "You are not going to take me to the station," and commenced to struggle; we both fell to the ground, got up, he commenced to struggle again; there was a tram coming towards us—he said, "I will throw you under the tram." I blew a whistle and Police-constable Jarrard arrived. We got him to the station struggling all the way. He twice tried to throw me under the tram. He was charged and made no reply. He was sober. On the way to the station Moss said, "Why do not you let the poor man go—what are you going to charge the man with?" At the station I searched Everett, and said to Moss, "I believe you are the woman that offered to call a police
<lb/>man?" She said "Yes." I asked her to come into the station and asked her whether she had ever seen the male prisoner before. She said "No." I asked her for her name and address, she gave it as "Clara Moss, 3, Emerson Street, Canning Town," and left. Everett gave the address, "Ernest Everett, 91, Garvary Road, Cus
<lb/>tom House." Coin (produced) was handed to me by Croxford. On February 3 I saw Moss at 46, Ethelm Street, Lambeth. On Febru
<lb/>ary 9 the two prisoners were charged with uttering counterfeit coin to West and Morris; they made no reply.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I took prisoner 150 yards from Croxford's shop—he was turning into Mount Pleasant Road. He was not running; he did not appear to have been running; he was not too exhausted to run. He was quite sober; he may have had a glass or two; he did not appear the worse for drink.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280036"/>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN JARRARD</hi>, 479 P. At the station Moss was asked, "Do you know this man?" She said, "No, I have not seen him before."</p>
<p>Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">LLOMB BUNN</hi>. On February 3 at 9.45 a.m. I, with other officers, saw Moss at 46, Ethelm Street. I told her we were police officers and that I had reason to suspect her of uttering a counterfeit florin to a chemist at Rushey Green, Lewisham, on the night of February 1, and that I should arrest her; she said, "What—what me?" I said, "Yes, you." She said, "Oh, dear, what shall I do. He has brought me to this, he has ruined me." I searched the room and found packet of plaster of paris, packet of silver sand, a file, paper containing scrap metal, a saucepan or melting pot, a packet of cyanide of potassium, a piece of metal, packet of sulphur, packet of boracic powder, Epsom salts, bottle of castor oil, tin containing crystals. I told her I believed she was the woman who had purchased the packet of boracic powder that I had found on Everett and that I was going to put her up for identification. She said, "Do not do that, there is no need for it. I bought the packet with the 2s. he gave me. I admit it all. I am old enough and ought to have known better." When charged she said "Yes." On February 2 I went to Morris, he pro
<lb/>duced a number of coins from a bag amongst which I noticed florin (produced) which was dark. There were three other good florins in the bag.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The bad florin is now bright—I took it to the Mint. I noticed nothing unusual about the good florins—they may have been dark or worn. I had not tried the melting pot on the fire—it could be used for boiling water or milk. I has no holes in it; it is made out of a beer can. The other articles were found on various shelves in a cupboard; they do not appear to have been in recent use except the plaster of paris; the silver sand was in a new bag.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-144" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-144" type="given" value="SYDNEY WILLIAM"/>SYDNEY WILLIAM SMITH</persName> </hi>, Assistant Assayer, H.M. Mint. The two florins (produced) are counterfeit; they are of different dates. I have examined the articles (produced); they are used in the manufac
<lb/>ture of counterfeit coins, cyanide of potassium is used as a bath for silver plating.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The piece of lead is certainly not a mould. I suggest that certain of the other articles are part of a plant for making spurious coin. I do not suggest that the two coins produced were made with these materials. The scrap metal is silver. I have not tested the saucepan; in my opinion it could be used to melt metal.</p>
<p>(Saturday, March 4.)</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-145" type="surname" value="EVERETT"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-145" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST EVERETT</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I was formerly a hatter, but for the last two years have been in the service of a bookmaker during the season. I frequently pay out money to the extent of £20 in silver.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280037"/>
<p>On February 1 I had three publicans to call on on business and I called on several others for pleasure. At the time I thought I was sober, but next morning I came to the conclusion that I must have been drunk—I did not know what police station I was in. Moss has been living with me as my wife for the last six years; we have three children, the eldest being four years old. I have been living with her at 46, Ethelm Street since November 15, 1910. 91, Garvary Road is a place where letters on betting matters are addressed to me—I am frequently away in the country for weeks; it is my business address—you might call it an office. A woman whom I lived with some years ago and by whom I have a family lives there. On February 1 I left home with Moss between 5 and 6 p.m. I had a bad foot, for which I was using boracic powder, and as it was very painful we went in and bought a penny packet. The day before I had given Moss two florins, one of which she had changed, and a 2s. piece and the coppers were on the mantelpiece. I noticed the 2s. piece was a very old and worn coin. I told her to put it in her pocket. I then called at a barber's shop to see some customers—I had a drink there; we then had further drinks at other public-houses; I had had three bottles of beer at home; we went into the "Rockingham" at Newington Causeway and two other houses, at all of which I had drinks; I paid away during the evening various sums of money, amounting in all to £8 17s., in settlement of betting debts. At the "Marquis of Granby" in New Cross Road we got on the tram and drove to the Obelisk. I gave the conductor a half-crown, and he gave me the 2s. piece, which was afterwards found to be bad. We then went into the "Black Horse" and had three or four drinks: we stayed there a considerable time because Moss's brother had been billiard marker there and she was talking to the barman. We then went to the "Plough and Harrow"; I called for a glass of ale and a glass of ginger-beer, paying for it with a shilling as stated. I had some small silver and, wanting to give Moss 4s. 6d. in large silver to pay her rent with, I changed 1s. and three sixpences with the barman for half-a-crown. Moss mixed the ale and ginger
<lb/>beer; I did not like to drink it and said I would have a bottle of ale, which was 3d. Moss usually pays 2(d. for the bottle and offered that sum, but, finding it was 3d., she asked me to pay. I handed her by mistake the bad 2s. piece I had taken on the tram; the barman did not like it and she said, "Look at this, Ern." The barman said, "I do not like the look of that, old man," and put it on the counter. I then paid 3d. for the ale. As we had just come from the "Black Horse" Moss suggested that I might have taken the 2s. piece there, but I recollected that I had not changed any money and I was positive it was the 2s. piece I had taken on the car. We then came out. As we were going along Moss reminded me that she wanted to give some sweets to the landlady's little boy. I went to Croxford's and asked for a pennyworth, taking out the first coin I found, which I thought was half-a-crown. Miss Fox took it to Croxford, who came forward very excited, started abusing me, and accused me of having a pocket
<lb/>ful of bad money. I was intoxicated; he was very insulting and we</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280038"/>
<p>were pushing one another about in the shop. I was there about 20 minutes or half an hour. He demanded my name and address, which I refused to give him, but said I would give it to a policeman. We got outside when Moss asked if she should get a policeman. I said "Yes." As no policeman came, Croxford blew his whistle; then he caught hold of my elbow and, addressing a crowd which had collected, said, "Here is the man who is passing all this bad money in the neighbourhood on respectable shopkeepers." After waiting some five minutes he blew his whistle again. He kept asking me if I had any more bad money on me. I was intoxicated and I am sorry to say I struck him—it was hardly a blow and he said next day at the police court that he felt very little of it. I walked away—I did not run; when I got to the corner of the street a policeman came up on a bicycle. Croxford said, "I will give this man in charge for assaulting me and tendering a bad 2s. piece." The sergeant caught hold of me and tore my collar off my neck to start with; I pushed him and he pushed me; we both fell to the ground. Another constable came up, handled me very roughly, and they took me to the station. I remained in the charge room for half an hour. Moss voluntarily came with me and brushed my coat and took my collar off and gave me the scarf which I am now wearing. I was searched, the boracic powder and two bags from a pastry-cook's where we had bought cakes and cough drops were taken from me, and a policeman went off apparently to inquire at these places whether they had received bad coin. The next morning at 7 a.m. the officer came to the cell and informed me that I was at Lewisham Police Station and not at Peckham, as I supposed. I asked him for the tram tickets that had been taken from me as I wanted to send them to the tram company with the bad 2s. piece. They searched for the tram tickets, but they were not found. I was charged at the police court and remanded for a week to February 9, when I was brought from Brixton Prison to Kennington Lane, saw Moss, who had been brought from Holloway, and we were both taken to Greenwich; I then found that the detective who had arrested her charged her with passing a bad 2s. piece at a chemist's shop and also possessing the mould that the 2s. piece was made in. The Magistrate on account of this charge of possessing a mould refused to give bail and she was remanded. The following week the officer admitted that the piece of lead found was not a mould and the Magistrate granted bail. I said to Sergeant Bunn, "I think I am entitled to bring a charge of perjury against you for making such a description of an article that is nothing approaching a mould." He said, "If you do anything of that description I shall make it very hot for you." The Magistrate, Mr. Gill, said it was not a charge of felony and was willing to allow us both bail, when Bunn said he particularly objected to my. having bail, and it was not granted. With regard to the articles found, the plaster of paris is of a very rough description and is not what is used by moulders or coiners. I had it for patching up the holes in the stove and flooring at Ethelm Street. The silver sand was used by Moss for cleaning saucepans, knives, or the flooring.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280039"/>
<p>Cyanide of potassium produced was brought to me to cure eczema, which I, the baby, and Moss had. It was recommended to me by a barber and I found it an excellent cure for it. The little saucepan is made out of a publican's can by me and was used simply to warm milk for the baby; it had holes in it and I used a little solder to stop them. If it was put on a fire to melt metal it would immediately fall to pieces. With regard to the silver scrap, about seven years ago I had a house in the New Kent Road at a rental of £60 a year, where I had a hydraulic engineer lodging with me. I asked him for some brads to put a window in and he gave me a small box containing various brads and screws and scraps of metal, including this silver, which was an old watch case and has been broken up—I did not know it was silver. Moss had apparently used the box to light the fire with and had emptied these odds and ends into the cupboard, where the detective had picked them out. There was also some pieces of glass taken, which have not been produced and which were used for making fretwork photo frames; the file was used for bevelling the edges of the wood. The so-called mould, which is really a piece of a sash weight, was in the room when I went there and was used for breaking coal. There was also in the cupboard Epsom salts, castor oil, and other articles. None of these articles has any connection whatever with coining. With regard to the 2s. piece presented by me at the "Black Horse" and at Croxford's, I particularly wished to keep it to send back to the tram company, but being intoxicated I took it out by accident, it being the first coin I caught hold of. I have never been charged with passing bad coin before.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Before going to 46, Ethelm Street, I was living at 37, Woodin Street, Stratford. 91, Garvary Road is occupied by a Mrs. Freeman, who is living there with five children she has had by me. She has two rooms at a rent of 3s. a week; she may have let one of them and now only occupy one with the five children. I receive letters there, and so consider it may be described as an office in the true sense of the word. I have been employed for about five years by a bookmaker named Sidney Young. I do not know his pri
<lb/>vate address—I see him at the "Rockingham" public-house. I did not give Moss the 2s. piece to buy the boracic powder—she bougar it with money she had, and I do not know what coin she paid. At the "Plough and Harrow" I believe I did say to Moss that I had no coppers—not to West. West is mistaken in his evidence. I did not hear him suggest that we should take it back to the "Black Horse." It is the biggest lie that Johnson and Croxford ever told in their lives to say I was quite sober. When I had knocked Croxford down I knew it was a case of being charged with assault, and therefore tried to get away. It is possible that I threatened to throw the constable under the tram.</p>
<p>(Monday, March 6.)</p>
<p>During the prisoner Everett's examination Mr. Joyce Thomas stated that as prisoner declined to follow his advice he would with-draw</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280040"/>
<p>from his defence, but would continue to represent Moss. Everett said he would prefer to conduct his own case.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-146" type="surname" value="EVERETT"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-146" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST EVERETT</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). Further cross-examined. One of the policemen nearly broke my arm. I did not hear Moss say, "What are you going to charge the poor man with?" I was stopped by a tram-conductor after trying to get on the tram. I did not want to give the police the address at Ethelm Street because I frequently run in there with betting slips, and I did not want them to know that I was living there. I receive correspondence at 91, Garvary Road, and also at a newspaper shop, No. 1, Borough Road. I had no object
<lb/>tion to the police seeing my correspondence. I have been told by a friend that the plaster of paris found at Ethelm Street is not the kind used by coiners, also that it is a different kind of cyanide of potassium that is used.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-147" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-147" type="surname" value="MOSS"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-147" type="given" value="CLARA"/>CLARA MOSS</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I am 22 years of age; I have been living with prisoner for six years, and have three children by him, the youngest being four months old. I had never seen a bad coin in my life before this occasion. The coin produced by Morris is not the one I handed him, which was a dirty and very old and worn one, whereas the one produced is much newer. I had not the slightest idea that it was a bad coin. At the "Plough and Harrow" prisoner handed me the 2s. piece; I did not take it from my purse—West is mistaken. West threw the coin on the counter; I took it up and asked him about the acid as he said. After leaving I told Everett I wanted to buy our landlady's little boy some sweets. He said, "Shall I go and get some?" I said, "Just as you like," and I waited outside while he went into Croxford's shop. I saw there was a row, went over the road, and said, "What are you doing; what are you having a row about?" They would not tell me and Everett then pushed or struck Croxford. I do not think he fell down. I knew Everett would get locked up for striking the man. I followed to the station and after he was charged the officer came out and said, "Where is the young woman who saw the blow struck?" I said "I did," and went inside. I gave my correct name and the address of 3, Emerson Street, where I had lived and where my landlady knew me as respectable. I did not want her to know I was not a married woman. I got home at 1 a.m. and remained all that day with the baby. I sent for my mother to come to me. I had plenty of time to get rid of anything that was suspicious, but I had not the slightest idea there was anything wrong. On Feb
<lb/>bruary 3 the officers came. Bunn said he was going to arrest me for "uttering"; he said nothing about the chemist. I said, "Oh, dear, what shall I do." I never said, "He has brought me to this; he has ruined me." I said, "I am old enough and ought to have known better" because the officer told me I was not married; it had no re
<lb/>ference to passing bad coin.</p>
<p>Examined by Everett. Everett was not sober. I endeavoured to persuade him not to take any more drink, and prevented it at one or two public houses. I bought the boracic powder with the money that I had. I afterwards bought some cakes at a pastry-cook's and a penny
<lb/>worth of cough-drops. My brother was at the "Black Horse" for ten</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280041"/>
<p>years as head billiard-marker. We had a long conversation with the barman and had three drinks there. At Croxford's I said, "Shall I get a policeman?" I do not know what Everett replied. When I was before the magistrate the police officer said the sash-weight (produced) was a mould. The plaster of paris was used to mend the stove and the flooring. I have always kept silver sand for cleaning. The cyanide of potassium was got for a skin disease which Everett, myself and my baby had. A barber advised Everett to get it, and it did good. Everett has made several milk saucepans for me out of beer-cans. I have never been accused of passing bad coins or heard of Everett doing so before.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. When I bought the boracic powder I had only a penny in coppers. I paid with a 2s. piece and received 1s., a sixpence, and five pennies change, which I immediately gave to Everett. I then asked him for some coppers, and bought some fried fish before going to the "Black Horse." Everett ultimately paid a shilling for the bottle of ale; he did not pay for it with three pennies.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-148" type="surname" value="CROUCHER"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-148" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK CROUCHER</persName> </hi>, 38, Collingwood Street, Blackfriars Road, hair
<lb/>dresser. I have been at that address six or seven years and other pre
<lb/>mises in the neighbourhood for the last 25 years. I have known Everett as a customer for 10 or 12 years; he served his time with my uncle as a hatter and has since been doing business for a bookmaker. He meets people at my shop, but I do not allow any betting trans
<lb/>actions there. On February 1, at 6 p.m., he came in and wanted to be shaved. I refused to shave him because he was under the influence of drink. Some time before he came in to be shaved and I found he was suffering from a contagious disease—running eczema. I said I could not shave him but could tell him how to cure it, and recom
<lb/>mended him to get cyanide of potassium, and either dip it in hot water or mix the powder with vaseline. I am acquainted with people in the neighbourhood and have never heard of Everett passing a bad coin.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. On February 1 Everett had a drink at my shop.</p>
<p>The prisoner Everett addressed the jury at great length from the dock, repeating his evidence, and making various imputations on the police and the prosecution.</p>
<p>Verdict, Everett,
<rs id="t19110228-28-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-28-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-28-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>; Moss,
<rs id="t19110228-28-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-28-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-28-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>Guilty, with a strong recommenda
<lb/>tion to mercy.</rs> </p>
<p>Convictions proved against Everett: November 13, 1896, Grays Petty Sessions, seven days for stealing sheets; seven minor convictions for larceny, loitering, etc. It was stated that Everett was also wanted on a charge of house-breaking at West Ham, and that the Home Office requested the Court to take that into consideration in sentencing him. As Everett denied being guilty to the charge the Common Serjeant said he would not deal with it.</p>
<p>Moss, on May 22, 1909, was bound over on her own recognisances at Woolwich for stealing money from an automatic gas meter.</p>
<p>Sentence, Everett,
<rs id="t19110228-28-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-28-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-28-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28-19110228 t19110228-28-punishment-31"/>15 months' hard labour</rs>; Moss,
<rs id="t19110228-28-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-28-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-28-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-28-19110228 t19110228-28-punishment-32"/>One month hard labour.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280042"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUDGE LUMLEY SMITH</hi>.</p>
<p>(Saturday, March 4.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110228-29">
<interp inst="t19110228-29" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110228"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-29" type="date" value="19110228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-29-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-29-19110228 t19110228-29-offence-1 t19110228-29-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-29-19110228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-29-19110228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19110228" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19110228" type="surname" value="PACK"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19110228" type="given" value="FRANCIS CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19110228" type="occupation" value="agent"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PACK</hi>, Francis Charles (29, agent)</persName>
<rs id="t19110228-29-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-29-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-29-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t19110228-name-150" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-150" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-150" type="surname" value="RYAN"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-150" type="given" value="HAROLD WILLIAM BACON"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-29-offence-1 t19110228-name-150"/>Harold William Bacon Ryan</persName> £50, from
<persName id="t19110228-name-151" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-151" type="surname" value="REEVE"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-151" type="given" value="HAROLD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-29-offence-1 t19110228-name-151"/>Harold Reeve</persName> £150, from
<persName id="t19110228-name-152" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-152" type="surname" value="CHASE"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-152" type="given" value="CHARLES VALENTINE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-29-offence-1 t19110228-name-152"/>Charles Valentine Chase</persName> two banker's cheques for £100 each, from
<persName id="t19110228-name-153" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-153" type="surname" value="RICHARDSON"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-153" type="given" value="JOHN BLACK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-29-offence-1 t19110228-name-153"/>John Black Richardson</persName> a banker's cheque for £100, from
<persName id="t19110228-name-154" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-154" type="surname" value="WALTHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-154" type="given" value="JOHN COXLEY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-29-offence-1 t19110228-name-154"/>John Coxley Waltham</persName> £200, from
<persName id="t19110228-name-155" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-155" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-155" type="surname" value="SCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-155" type="given" value="LESTER PERCY FERRIS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-29-offence-1 t19110228-name-155"/>Lester Percy Ferris Scott</persName> banker's cheques for £20 and £180, and from
<persName id="t19110228-name-156" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-156" type="surname" value="FLETCHER"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-156" type="given" value="ROBERT RONALD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-29-offence-1 t19110228-name-156"/>Robert Ronald Fletcher</persName> a banker's cheque for £50, in each case with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Graham-Campbell and Mr. Harold Murphy prosecuted; Mr. Cavanagh defended.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-157" type="surname" value="PECKOVER"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-157" type="given" value="ARTHUR PALMER"/>ARTHUR PALMER PECKOVER</persName> </hi>, clerk in the office of the Registrar of Public Companies. I produce the file of the Rampart Unemployment and General Insurance Company, Limited. The nominal capital is £10,000, £9,000 deferred ordinary and £1,000 founders' shares. One of the objects of the company is to carry out insurance against unem
<lb/>ployment. There is an agreement to allot to Mr. Arnett 250 £1 shares in consideration of services rendered. A debenture for £100 was issued on September 12 in favour of Ernest Spiers, 72, Fleet Street. On September 26 I find a memorandum of satisfaction of that debenture. On the same day another debenture was issued in favour of Mr. Waltham, 39, Tankerville Road, Streatham, for £200. So far as appears on the file that has not been satisfied. The first directors were Leslie Arnett and Gilbert. By November, 1910, 2,102 preferred ordinary shares and 500 founders' shares had been allotted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-158" type="surname" value="HOBBS"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-158" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR HOBBS</persName> </hi>. I am in the employ of the Superintendent of the Birkbeck Chambers, Holborn. I know prisoner a William George Leslie. In April, 1910, he was negotiating for some offices in Birkbeck Chambers. He could not give the usual references. He took offices at the rate of £104 per annum. He paid a deposit of two months' rent, which is customary where references are not forthcoming. He paid rent up to November regularly.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">H. W. B. RYAN</hi>, 69, Jerningham Road, New Cross. I was employed as assistant secretary to the Rampart Insurance Company. I answered an advertisement in the "Daily Telegraph" in June, 1910, and, receiving a reply from prisoner, I went to Birkbeck Chambers and saw him. He said he wanted a young man as assistant secretary for a new insurance company he had started. He asked me if I had had any experience in an office. I told him I had been working in a railway company in the East for about three years and had had a little mercantile experience. He said ho really did not want a man ex
<lb/>perienced in insurance work. He showed me a piece of paper that had "£10,000 capital" marked on it. I said I thought £10,000 was rather small for an insurance company. He said it was only a private company at present; he had several big men in the City behind him, and they were going to turn it into a public company and the capital would no doubt be £150,000. He said he had £5,000 invested in it and that the directors had decided that every employe should put in at least £250. I said I could only put in £50 then, but I would be able</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280043"/>
<p>to find the other in time. He asked me whether the money was mine. I said I was getting it from my father, and would see my father and consult my solicitors. He said solicitors were very old-fashioned and not acquainted with up-to-date business methods. I was to pay £50 every three months up till May. I did not consult any solicitor. I accepted the position of assistant secretary and paid £50 to prisoner on July 4. I agreed to take 250 shares in the company, and com
<lb/>menced work on July 4. There were employed by the company at that time Mr. Gilbert (he signed as director), Mr. Hudson (chief policy clerk), Mr. Powell (who was a sort of secretary, I think), Mr. Hurley and two lady clerks. Mr. Reeve joined about a fortnight later. Shortly after Reeve arrived Gilbert went for a holiday and returned after a fortnight. Prisoner told us he was going to dismiss him when he came back. It did not appear to me that there was work to occupy us all. I was paid two months' salary, £24. On October 4 there was salary due to me. Prisoner called me in and asked me when I was going to pay up the £50 that was about due. He said the directors had decided until I had paid up they would not give me any salary, as it would not be fair to the others. I said I would stay on a while. I remember Scott joining the company. On that evening prisoner called me in and said the directors had decided to suspend me until I paid up, but he personally did not want to get rid of me. I never attended the office after that.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not think there was any risk. Prisoner said he had a personal interest to the extent of £5,000. He did not say they were founders' shares. He said, "I have £5,000 in cash." Ha never said the company was solvent. He often said it was a genuine company. He appeared to be sanguine about this company, and appeared to be doing his best to advance its interests. I never knew him to gamble or drink.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-159" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-159" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES TAYLOR</persName> </hi>, manager Holborn branch, Capital and Counties Bank. I produce a certified copy of the account of the Rampart In
<lb/>surance Company with our bank. Upon December 31, 1910, there was a credit balance of 1s. 7d. The defendant had a private account with us. On December 31 that account showed a credit balance of 11s. 9d.</p>
<p>(Monday, March 6.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-160" type="surname" value="FROST"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-160" type="given" value="GEORGE ERNEST"/>GEORGE ERNEST FROST</persName> </hi>, printer, Warwick Street, Rugby. In June, 1910, I received a communication from prisoner. I went to Birkbeck Bank Chambers and saw him. I received from him an order for printing 100,000 booklets on behalf of the Rampart Company at the price of £185. I received a cheque for £30 on account on September 6. I think the booklets were all delivered by September 10; the corre
<lb/>spondence will show. Repeated applications were made for payment of the balance between then and October 26, and a writ was issued. We have received £85 out of the total of £185.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-161" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-161" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES TAYLOR</persName> </hi>, recalled. The total sums drawn out from the Rampart account in favour of defendant is £297 7s. 1d. The amount</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280044"/>
<p>drawn from the private account in favour of the Rampart Company is £94 4s.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-162" type="surname" value="CHASE"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-162" type="given" value="CHARLES VALENTINE"/>CHARLES VALENTINE CHASE</persName> </hi>, 29, Cornwall Avenue, Wood Green. I was appointed assistant secretary to the Rampart. I replied to an ad
<lb/>vertisement in the "Daily Telegraph"—"Required a young gentleman in a light manufacturing business. No castles promised, and must invest £200." Prisoner replied, and I saw him at Birkbeck Bank Chambers. He told me he wanted a partner for a light manufacturing business, and I could take on either that or be assistant secretary of the Rampart Insurance Company at a salary of £150 a year, rising to £225 or £250. I asked why it was necessary to invest £200, and he said as an incentive for working, as any man could get good references. He said the £200 was only a flea-bite to the cost of the furniture in the offices, which he valued at £300. He said he was interested in six or seven companies and had money in the concern himself. I was to take the position of a man that was there who had done him out of a couple of thousand pounds. I signed an agreement on August 29, under which I was to take up 200 shares in the company. I paid £200 in two cheques of £100 each, one was post-dated to September 6. Mr. Richardson was present when the latter was paid. I was paid the first month's salary; the second month's salary was paid in instalments ranging from £1 to 2s. 6d. Some time in October I went with Mr. Hurley to Bull
<lb/>worthy's, the pawnbroker's, to pawn a Remington typewriter. When we got back Hurley gave the money raised to prisoner, who gave me £1, Richardson £1, Hurley 10s., and took the remaining 10s. for him
<lb/>self. He gave directions to pledge the typewriter. I was there when Scott joined the company and paid £20 by cheque on November 9. I went on prisoner's instructions to the bank and cashed it. I handed the cash to prisoner and was walking out of his office when he followed and said to Hurley, who sits outside, "It is all right." Hurley turned to him and said, "Oh, somebody has got to be fired." Prisoner said "Yes, that is all right, Hurley." So Hurley said, "Who, R—?"or Mr. Richardson. Prisoner said, "No, the three R's"; that was Richardson, Reeve and Ryan. Those are the only three R's in the office. Before Scott came in, about the middle of October, prisoner said Frost's were worrying for their account for printing. He said he was paying them £20 every fortnight, and if he did not do it they would make the company insolvent. When Mr. Fletcher joined the company he was quite a surprise to us. We came down on a Monday morning and found him already reinstated. We knew nothing about his coming in. I had a conversation with prisoner about him. I asked for some salary, and he said he had not got any money at all. Then I mentioned that Fletcher had paid him £50. He denied it, but afterwards said Fletcher had paid with a cheque, which he had not cashed. He gave me 2s. 6d. on that occasion. I was told the com
<lb/>pany was going to suspend; that was on December 13; they would issue no more policies or take more men in, and we were to please ourselves whether he stayed or left the offices. He mentioned that he had a man coming from Herefordshire who was going to take an interest in the company. About that time he said he had nine coming along</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280045"/>
<p>When I paid my £200 I thought the appearance of the office looked very promising, and I made no inquiries whatever before doing so.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. My age is 28. I was six years in a bank and four and a half years in a solicitor's office. I did not know much about company law. I paid my money to secure a salary and future prospects. I had plenty of time to consider the matter before joining. If the company had succeeded and the policies been rapidly taken up I should have been satisfied, and I think the defendant would have honourably met my salary.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-163" type="surname" value="RICHARDSON"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-163" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN RICHARDSON</persName> </hi>, 89, Guilford Street, W.C. I replied to an adver
<lb/>tisement in the "Daily Telegraph" in August last. I saw defendant He said there was a vacancy for a superintendent of agents, and if I was found suitable for the position I should have to invest £100, as the company was worked on co-operative principles and every em
<lb/>ploye had money invested in it; he himself had £1,000, Reeve £150, Ryan £200; that Chase had £100, and was so pleased with the com
<lb/>pany he was taking up another 100 shares. During that interview Chase came in and gave him a cheque for £100. That was September 1 or 2; it was a Thursday. He produced a share register. I saw his name there, and said, "You seem to have only £300 there." He said, "Those are £10 shares, on which I have paid £1,000," and the other £2,000 he would pay when necessary. He told me the furniture be
<lb/>longed to the Rampart Company. Later he told me there was a hiring agreement between the Rampart Company and Doreves, Doreves being himself; the offices and furniture were hired from him. On September 2 he repeated a number of statements he had made the day before, and said if I had been his own brother he would advise me to come into the company as there was no doubt it was a good opening; he had very good people behind him in the City. He mentioned two titled names. I paid £100 by cheque that morning. At that time I believed the statements he had made. The agreement I entered into was for five years at £3 a week. I asked if he would give me an advance yearly. He said, "If you leave it with me you will be far better off." On November 6 or 7 he said I must let him have £30 to save the company from liquidation, as a large firm of creditors was pressing for payment of their account. I said I would think it over, and after doing so I said no. On November 21 there was £10 or £11 salary due to me. I asked him for it. He told me he could not pay me until a cheque was cleared for £180 from a man he had coming in, and if that did not satisfy me I could sue him in the county court. That man was Scott. My wages were paid on November 23. Fletcher came on December 2 or 3. Prisoner called me into his office and said Fletcher had joined, but he had paid no money, but was good for £300 at the end of January, and it was up to me to play him up so that he would invest in the company, and I was to make out a good list of agents and take him round to visit them. He said, "There will be a tenner for yourself." On December 11 there was one week's salary due to me. On the 13th he called us into the office and said as the company had no finances he would have to suspend the business of the company. He also said he would advertise for no more employes to</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280046"/>
<p>invest money. I asked him what he would do with regard to the policies in existence, as it was not a satisfactory way of doing business.</p>
<p>He said, "Don't be so b—aggressive."</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have not had considerable business experience. I was apprenticed to the ironmongery business where I was seven years; I then had charge of a retail shop; then I joined my father in his hotel business. I was there seven years. The defendant never told me what the assets of the company were. He did not mention the word "solvency." He told me there was about three-fourths of the capital paid up at my first interview. When I was first appointed my district was all London; after he got another man in it was North of London. The agents were mechanics; some had been insurance agents; they only worked in their spare time. The number of agents increased gradually. I had nothing to do with their appointment; that was done from the office. In saying he had £1,000 in the com
<lb/>pany prisoner conveyed to me that he had a financial interest. I had the opinion before this case that the expression "No castles" in the advertisement was a catch. Prisoner used to tell us about a man he had from the North Britsh Company who was going to put in £500, which never took place. As soon as I came to the conclusion that the company was not in a strong financial position, and that it was not properly working by getting men in to invest money when it was in
<lb/>solvent, I went to my solicitors and put the case before them. They saw Chase, Ryan and others, and put the case before Mr. Forrest Fulton and took his opinion. He said no doubt the company was a swindle. The City editor of "Truth" said the same thing, and that he had communications from others similar to ourselves. He said, "It is your moral duty to put the thing in the hands of the Public Prosecutor and stop it." We were advised to take our salary until the case was ready for the prosecution.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-164" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-164" type="surname" value="REEVE"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-164" type="given" value="HAROLD"/>HAROLD REEVE</persName> </hi>, 39, Collingwood Avenue. I was at one time assistant manager to the Rampart Company. I replied to an advertise
<lb/>ment in the "Daily Telegraph" on July 5 and afterwards saw de
<lb/>fendant, who fold me he was advertising for an assistant manager for a new insurance company he had started, and that he had three men in the inner office neither of whom he considered competent to leave in charge. He said it was necessary to invest £150 in the company; it was not really the money he required, as he had gentlemen in the City who would be ready to give him financial assistance. He considered by every person in the company having a financial interest they would give better service. He said the three men in the office had each in
<lb/>vested £250; in my case he was willing to accept £150. I saw him on the 8th and told him I had thought the matter over. I told him I had no insurance experience. He said as far as he was concerned I should be suitable, but he would have to put it before his directors that afternoon, and that he would write me, but he was doubtful whether they would appoint me as I had been absent from England for some time. He wrote on the 8th that I was accepted and was to commence my duties on the 18th. I called on the 11th and signed an agreement to take 150 shares, and paid a deposit of 12s. 6d. On the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280047"/>
<p>15th I paid prisoner £150 in notes. I received full salary for two months, and on October 15 £12 on account; there was £16 13s. 4d. due then. He said he would give me the balance as it came along. On one occasion he told me to keep in with Mr. Chase, as he was coming into £3,000 early in the year. He told me when Fletcher came that he had not paid any money but was good for £300 in January. On several occasions he told me he was trying to get it formed into a public company. About December he told us he had three gentlemen he thought would buy the company right out, also two other gentle
<lb/>men who were negotiating to buy it. I remained with the company till December 13. Early in January I was in the office writing letters. Prisoner said, "Are you the only one here this morning." I said yes. He asked if the others were coming. I said I did not know. He said, "If you see Richardson or Chase you might ask them to come up on Monday morning and take up their position as if they were working in the ordinary way," as he had 12 appointments and he might require to bring some of the applicants through the offices, and if there was no one there it would appear rather funny. He told me not to say anything to Fletcher on that subject.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I was manager of the general import department in a general merchant's for three years. I cannot say if £10,000 capital. is too little; it was never raised. I did not know Mr. Hudson was liable to pay £125 for calls. I knew he had commenced a civil action to get rid of his liability.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-165" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-165" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-165" type="surname" value="WALTHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-165" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN WALTHAM</persName> </hi>, 29, Tankerville Road, Streatham. Before I joined the Rampart as superintendent of agents I was superintending depots for coal and milk merchants. I answered an advertisement in the "Daily Telegraph" of September 13. I saw defendant at Birkbeck Chambers. He said I should have to invest £200. I asked what security there would be. He said he would give me a Debenture, which would be the only one issued on the company; there was about £700 uncalled capital. He said there was a Debenture already for £100, which would be withdrawn and my Debenture would take its place. He said I could take out £50 in Ordinary shares, and I sug
<lb/>gested as soon as the balance of £50 was paid up I should have another Debenture issued to me for £250 to replace the £200 Debenture and the 50 shares. Under the agreemnt I was to have £175 a year. I paid £200 on September 26. I was paid two months' salary. When I paid my £200 defendant told me he was going to run the company for a year or so, so as to float it, and then to form a large company, and that he had several men behind him who would form it into a public company. I believed him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-166" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-166" type="surname" value="SCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-166" type="given" value="LESTER"/>LESTER SCOTT</persName> </hi>, 11, Duke's Avenue, Muswell Hill. I recognise the advertisement of October 27 in the "Daily Telegraph." I answered it the same day, and received an answer from prisoner. I saw him. He asked me if I had had experience as secretary. I said no. He showed me the booklet of the Rampart. I noticed the capital was £10,000, which I said was very small for an insurance company. He told me the company was a syndicate, formed to show there was a demand on the part of the public for such a company. I was told that no servant</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280048"/>
<p>of the company could hold a position without investment, as it acted as a spur to work, and I should be required to invest £200. I did not then make up my mind to join. Receiving a letter from defendant, dated November 7, I called next day, when he told me that the other gentlemen were satisfied with their investments, that he was connected with other companies, and that he would arrange that I should be put in as secretary for these companies. I paid £20 that day. I told him it would take me probably a week to obtain the balance. I commenced work on November 21, and on the 22nd I handed him a cheque for £180. I was paid my salary for three weeks at £150 a year. I be
<lb/>lieved the company was genuine and solvent when I parted with my money.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I was employed with a firm of accountants before this for about 13 months, and with another firm of accountants for five years. I am 23 years old. I thought the scheme was very good, and that the company would be sound enough for the money not to be lost. I do not think I was induced to part with my money by the amount of salary I was to receive. I wanted the employment for the experience 1 should obtain as well as the salary. He did not say the company was solvent; he said it was quite all right. I have heard since that when I joined there was an execution in for printing. He appeared to be sanguine about the success of the company. I do not know that every single shilling of the amount which the employees have paid has been applied for the purposes of the company. I have not seen the banking account. Whether a company should have more than one sceretary would depend on the size of the company. The defendant appeared to be doing his best to push the company. I believe it was his honest intention to pay all salaries: I do not see how it was to be done.</p>
<p>(Tuesday, March 7.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-167" type="surname" value="FLETCHER"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-167" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT FLETCHER</persName> </hi>, 367, High Road, Chiswick. I was appointed in
<lb/>spector of agents to the Rampart Company. I was in no occupation prior to that. I answered an advertisement in the "Daily Telegraph" under "Situations Vacant." "Wanted a gentleman who can under
<lb/>take work on his own responsibility and generally act on his own initiative." Defendant replied, and I called and saw him. He showed me the booklet. He also gave me a copy of "Financial Outlook" of November 26, 1910. I decided to enter the company at the second interview on the same day. I saw the words in the article "The financial position of the company is sound," and "All claims have been readily met." I understood by the latter that some claims had fallen due under the policies and that they had been paid. The defendant said I must invest £150 in the business. I said I did not feel disposed to do that without seeing into it, and I would write to my solicitors to come and see into it. He tried to dissuade me by saying they would be sure to be against it, as they were old-fashioned and opposed to anything new in business. I told him I was not willing to put in £150. He said, "To give you confidence I will take you in on trial for two</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280049"/>
<p>months, and you can pay £50 and the balance if you are satisfied at the end of that time; if you are not satisfied I will return your £50 and you will leave the business." He said he had all his money in it; I cannot remember if he mentioned the sum, but he said he could write me a cheque for five figures. I believed that. I paid him £1 on account of £50 £1 shares. Next day I handed him a cheque for £50, and he gave me back the £1. I was appointed at a salary of £2 a week for the first six months, £2 5s. the following six, with other increases up to the fifth year, when it was to be £4 5s. a week. I believed the com
<lb/>pany was in a position to pay my salary. I was to pay the further sum of £100 by February 1, 1911. I received three weeks' salary and five shillings.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I am 25. I had not been in employment before. I did not consult anyone before I paid the £50. The defendant told me the whole idea of taking this money was because the business was run as a co-operative scheme, and it was to make the employees more anxious to work. The object I had in paying my money was two-fold, to get a good situation and to become a member of the company. I have answered other advertisements, and had offers of bigger salaries abroad. I answered no other advertisement where they required a deposit of money. I knew nothing of the article in the "Financial Outlook." The company might have been in a different position when it was written; I do not know. I knew by the booklet that a policy had to be in force six months before a claim could be made. That was before I paid my money. No claims could have been made then. I did not know when the company started.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-168" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-168" type="surname" value="HAIGH"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-168" type="given" value="CLIFFORD"/>CLIFFORD HAIGH</persName> </hi>, 47, Manor Road, Clapham. I am advertisment canvasser of the "Financial Outlook." A friend of mine who was with me asked defendant to advertise in my paper. He gave an order on October 4 for 13 insertions at 25s. each. He owes a small amount. As to the contents of the article, I asked him if claims had been readily met, and he said yes. He also told me "John Bull" had examined his books. His answers were satisfactory. I caused the article to be put in the paper.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-169" type="surname" value="ARNETT"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-169" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS ARNETT</persName> </hi>, 54, Richmond Avenue, Merton Park, stationer and printer. On May 10 I did some printing work for the company. I be
<lb/>came a director. I held 250 shares, which I did not pay for. I attended three meetings early in the formation of the company and the final meeting. On December 13 defendant said, "Arnett, old boy, we are in the cart." I thought he was joking. He then said, "We have no money left to pay salaries; the typewriting machine is in pawn and the clock has gone." I suggested there should be a voluntary liquida
<lb/>tion. He said he did not see that we could have that very well, and that the better course would be to suspend the business, as he had a likely client to purchase it as a going concern. I asked for the client's name, but did not get it. He said he was an ex-official of a fire in
<lb/>surance company. I did £81 worth of printing, and was paid £66.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The directors were myself, defendant and Mr. Gilbert. I do not remember discussing with defendant the particulars of his taking the young men into his employment. I certainly thought</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280050"/>
<p>the idea of the company was a good one, because it was following on an already existing society, the Law, Car and General. I did not know that company had smashed or whether it had a prejudicial effect on our company.</p>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN MCEVOY</hi>. On January 12, at 11 a.m., I went with Sergeant Cornish to 255-260, Birkbeck Bank Chambers. I saw prisoner. I asked him if his name was William George Leslie; he said yes. I told him we were police officers, and that I held a warrant for his arrest. I read the warrant. It charged him with ob
<lb/>taining £50 from Mr. Ryan by false pretences with intent to defraud. He said, "One has one's defence. I have not made any false pretences; I explained to them all that it was only a speculation; they knew the whole circumstances; I have not a penny; I am really hard up. The idea was undoubtedly a good one, and it should prove successful. I have not squandered the money. I had no money of my own, but every penny that I have had from these men went into the company's business. I took £3 a week for my own labours. If it were a civil charge I should say Guilty, but if criminal No." I took possession of a number of documents. I then conveyed him to Bow Street Police Station. When charged he gave the name of Pack. I produced pawn
<lb/>tickets for a typewriter pawned November 5, a clock pawned Novem
<lb/>ber 8, another typewriter and a ring pawned January 6. I also pro
<lb/>duce correspondence with the solicitors of Messrs. Frost, who printed 100,000 booklets, and the books of the company, showing that the company was in difficulties at the time.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PACK</hi> (prisoner's father). Since my son left school I know of nothing whatever against him. (Prisoner himself was not called to give evidence).</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19110228-29-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-29-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-29-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19110228-29-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-29-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-29-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-29-19110228 t19110228-29-punishment-33"/>Ten months' imprisonment, second division.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Monday, March 6.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110228-30">
<interp inst="t19110228-30" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110228"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-30" type="date" value="19110228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-30-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-19110228 t19110228-30-offence-1 t19110228-30-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-30-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-30-19110228 t19110228-30-offence-1 t19110228-30-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-30-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-30-19110228 t19110228-30-offence-1 t19110228-30-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-30-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def4-30-19110228 t19110228-30-offence-2 t19110228-30-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-30-charge-5" targOrder="Y" targets="def4-30-19110228 t19110228-30-offence-3 t19110228-30-verdict-2"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-30-19110228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-30-19110228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19110228" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19110228" type="surname" value="LENNON"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19110228" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19110228" type="occupation" value="porter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LENNON</hi>, William (21, porter)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-30-19110228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-30-19110228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-30-19110228" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def2-30-19110228" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="def2-30-19110228" type="given" value="JACK"/>
<interp inst="def2-30-19110228" type="occupation" value="carpenter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BAKER</hi>, Jack (21, carpenter)</persName>,
<persName id="def3-30-19110228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-30-19110228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-30-19110228" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def3-30-19110228" type="surname" value="EBURNE"/>
<interp inst="def3-30-19110228" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="def3-30-19110228" type="occupation" value="tailor"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EBURNE</hi>, Joseph (21, tailor)</persName>, and
<persName id="def4-30-19110228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def4-30-19110228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def4-30-19110228" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def4-30-19110228" type="surname" value="MEEHAN"/>
<interp inst="def4-30-19110228" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def4-30-19110228" type="occupation" value="French polisher"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MEEHAN</hi>, John (32, French polisher)</persName>
<rs id="t19110228-30-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-30-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-30-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, Lennon, Baker and Eburne breaking and entering the warehouse No.
<placeName id="t19110228-geo-2">
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-30-offence-1 t19110228-geo-2"/>25, Newman Street</placeName>, and stealing therein a cheque for £10, the sum of £5 and other property, the goods of
<persName id="t19110228-name-174" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-174" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-30-offence-1 t19110228-name-174"/>Henry Alex
<lb/>ander Campbell and Company, Limited</persName>; </rs>Meehan,
<rs id="t19110228-30-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-30-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-30-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/>feloniously receiving a banker's cheque for £10, the property of
<persName id="t19110228-name-175" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-175" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-175" type="surname" value="CAMPBELL"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-175" type="given" value="EDITH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-30-offence-2 t19110228-name-175"/>Edith Campbell</persName>, well knowing it to have been stolen;</rs>
<rs id="t19110228-30-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-30-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-30-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>feloniously demanding £10 by virtue of a forged instrument, to wit, a banker's cheque, knowing the same to be forged, and with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280051"/>
<p>Mr. J. C. C. Gatley prosecuted; Mr. A. L. Densham and Mr. Jones defended Eburne.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-176" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-176" type="surname" value="CAMPBELL"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-176" type="given" value="EDITH"/>EDITH CAMPBELL</persName> </hi>, secretary to Campbell, Smith and Co., Limited, 25, Newman Street, decorators. On February 3, at 6 p.m., I locked up in the safe open cheque produced for £10, payable to E. Campbell; crossed cheque for £30, payable to H. A. Campbell, about £5 in cash, and five books of gold and platinum leaf, value £7; there was also about 2s. worth of penny and halfpenny stamps and a pair of field glasses in drawers in the office. I identify cheque for £10 and gold and platinum leaf produced.</p>
<p>(Tuesday, March 7.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-177" type="surname" value="COPPAGE"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-177" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE COPPAGE</persName> </hi>, caretaker to Campbell, Smith and Co. On February 3, at 7.15 p.m., I locked up the premises and left. On February 4, at 6.45 a.m., I entered and found in the managing director's office on the first floor a desk broken open and papers strewn all over the place; in the back office the safe had been broken open. I telephoned to Tottenham Court Road Police Station and examined the basement. The back window had been forced, being lifted off the stay, and the window broken; there were marks of a jemmy and muddy foot marks.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-178" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-178" type="surname" value="CAMBRAY"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-178" type="given" value="SEPTIMUS"/>SEPTIMUS CAMBRAY</persName> </hi>, cashier, Capital and Counties Bank, 123, Oxford Street West. On February 4, at 11.30 a.m., Meehan pre
<lb/>sented cheque produced for £10. I had received a communication from the police and beckoned to Sergeant Berry, who was outside; he said to prisoner, "I want you; this cheque has been stolen." I do not think Meehan replied.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Meehan. You may have been five minutes in the bank before the officer arrived.</p>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES BERRY</hi>, D Division. On February 4, at 8.15 p.m., I with Sergeant Durrant, Police-constables Seymour, Allen, and Pierce went to 17, Little Earl Street, Seven Dials. In the top floor room were Lennon, Baker, Eburne, four other men and three women. I told them we were police officers and were making inquiries respecting a case of warehouse-breaking at 25, Newman Street, between 7.15 p.m. on February 3 and 7 a.m. that morning. Eburne said, "I belong to this place, and all that I can say is you have made a mistake. There is no one here knows anything about stolen property." I pointed to Lennon and Baker and another man who was arrested with them and has since been discharged, and said, "Who are these men?" He said, "They are only friends of mine, and they have come to have a friendly game of cards with me." At that moment my attention was called by Pierce to something dropped by Baker. On picking it up I found it contained five small books of gold and platinum leaf (produced). I caused the room and the prisoners to be searched. Lennon, Eburne and Baker and the fourth man remained in the room, the other persons withdrew to the adjoining room. I directed the three prisoners and a fourth man to be taken to the station. Baker was taken by Seymour. They were charged. None of them made any reply.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280052"/>
<p>The fourth man was subsequently released, as there was not sufficient evidence against him. On the same day, at 11.30 a.m., I was keeping observation outside the Capital and Counties' Bank in Oxford Street, when I saw Meehan cross the road from Berners Street and enter the bank; I saw him for about 50 yards. Bambray then beckoned to me. I went in and saw Meehan standing at the counter holding up letter
<lb/>case (produced). The cheque for £10 was handed to me. I said, "I am a police officer; you have tendered this cheque for payment." He said, "Yes." I said, "How did you become possessed of it? It is part of the proceeds in a case of warehouse breaking at 25, Newman Street." He said, "A man stopped me on the other side of the road and asked me if I wanted to earn 2s. or 3s. I said 'Yes.' He then handed me this case and told me to go over to the bank and cash it. I took the case and found it contained a cheque. I brought it over here as I thought it was all right." I said, "I do not believe your state
<lb/>ment, because I was keeping observation outside the bank, and I did not see any man in your company. I shall therefore arrest you, and you will no doubt be charged with receiving the cheque and forging and uttering it." He gave me a description of the man he alleged had handed him the cheque: Age, 40 to 50; 5 ft. 7 in. in height; stout build; grey hair and moustache; dressed in black morning coat, dark trousers, and hard-felt bowler hat. On the way to the station he said, "Well, there is one thing, you cannot charge me with warehouse breaking because I was not released from the workhouse till this morn
<lb/>ing about quarter to nine." Miss Campbell afterwards attended at the station, identified the cheque, and prisoner was charged with stealing, receiving and forging the cheque, and demanding the sum of £10 by the forged cheque. He said, "It serves me right; I ought to have known better than to have taken the cheque."</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Baker. An officer picked the packet of gold and platinum leaf up and put it on the table, and I took it from the table. Pierce drew my attention to it. (To Mr. Densham). I have made inquiries about Eburne. Up till August last he has worked regularly as a tailor; since then I cannot say that he has done any work. He has had no charge made against him before. (To Meehan). When I saw Meehan coming along Oxford Street I had no suspicion of him. He was dressed quite differently to what he is at present; he had a collar and tie on and was cleanly shaven. The traffic was not very thick at the time I saw him approach.</p>
<p>Detective
<hi rend="smallCaps">FRANCIS PIERCE</hi>, C Division. On February 4, at 8.15, I went with other officers to 17, Little Earl Street. I saw Baker drop a parcel and called Berry's attention to it. I told Lennon I should take him to Tottenham Court Road Police Station. He said, "This is all I have got for my corner," handing me two half-sovereigns (pro
<lb/>duced)." All the stuff is not sold. The old man or Jack do not know anything about the job." "Jack" was the man who was arrested and subsequently released. He further said, "There were only three of us in it—me, Jack Baker, and Joe Eburne." On the way to the station he said, "Has Durrant got the sticks" (jemmies). I found that no jemmies had been found and returned to 17, Little Earl</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280053"/>
<p>Street, where I saw Eburne's wife, a man, and another woman, and on searching the premises I found two jemmies behind the stove on the landing where, when we first entered, Eburne had been cooking fish; there was a piece of dirty paper on the top of them. Lennon made no reply to the charge.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Lennon. I did not search Lennon. At the station were found some postcards on him. I did not ask him where he got the two half sovereigns from; he did not ask me to let him keep the silver to buy cigarettes. (To Baker.) There were other officers near you when you dropped the packet. Another officer picked it up and put it on the table. (To Lennon.) I did not ask Lennon who were in it—he did not say, "I do not know—I know me and Joe Eburne was not there." As we were passing the "Horse
<lb/>shoe," in Tottenham Court Road there were some lads across the road, and Lennon said, "You do not want to show me up like this—some of the boys are over there "—he wanted me to loose his arm. (To Mr. Densham.) When I went to Little Earl Street Eburne was frying fish at the stove on the landing where the jemmies were found.</p>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS DURRANI</hi>. I was directed by Sergeant Berry to take Eburne to the station; as we were leaving he said, "That's done it—I did not expect this." On the way to the station he said, "Treat me fair, won't you? I do do some work. Baker and the others have been coming to my place for a week. I do not know where Newman Street is." I went to 25, Newman Street and examined the premises. On the basement window, the glass of which had been broken, I found several marks corresponding with each end of the small jemmy (produced). None apparently with the other.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Densham. When I first went to 17, Little Earl Street, Eburne said he was hungry—that was before Lennon and Baker had arrived. On the way to the station he was trying to converse with me, but I would not do so—I did not know what the charge exactly was. I made a note of what he said when I arrived at the station and read it to him. He said, "It is all right." I asked him to sign it, but he refused.</p>
<p>Detective
<hi rend="smallCaps">ERNEST SEYMOUR</hi>. I told Baker the charge—breaking into the warehouse at 25, Newman Street, on February 3. He said, "All that I wish you to do is to treat me as fair as you do the others." I took him to the station, he made no reply to the charge. I found on him 13 penny stamps and eight halfpenny postage stamps.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Densham. Eburne gave me a list of persons for whom he had worked; I have made inquiries and found his state
<lb/>ments to be correct.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">FERGUS EWART</hi>. On February 1 and on February 2 between 9 and 10 p.m. I was in plain clothes in Newman Passage when I saw Lennon loitering at the corner of Rathbone Place for about an hour each evening. On February 3 at 7 p.m. I saw Lennon and Eburne in Newman Mews talking together about 15 minutes.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280054"/>
<p>Cross-examined by Lennon. There is a public-house kept by Dixon at the corner of Newman Passage and Rathbone Place. Lennon was acting suspiciously. I have never seen him before February 1 as far as I can remember. On February 9 he did not knock at a door.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">WALTER WARE</hi>, 90 D, corroborated Ewart.</p>
<p>Baker pointed out that the police officer who picked up the gold leaf from the floor had not been called. The Common Serjeant stated that Baker could have given him notice to attend if he had desired.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-179" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-179" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-179" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-179" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH KING</persName> </hi>, 43, Vauxhall Walk, Lambeth, labourer. On February 3 at about 5 or 6 p.m. I visited my nephew, Eburne, at 17, Little Earl Street, and remained till about 11. Lennon came about two hours after I had arrived; he left before me—I could not speak to the time.</p>
<p>To Mr. Densham. Eburne was with his wife when I went there at about 5.30; after about an hour he left and was away about half to three-quarters of an hour, when he returned and remained there until I left at 11 p.m.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-180" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-180" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-180" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-180" type="given" value="CATHERINE"/>CATHERINE BAKER</persName> </hi>, 56, Warren Street, Tottenham Court Road, mother of the prisoner Baker. On February 3 Baker came home about 6 p.m. I had a postal order for 10s.; I asked him to change it and bring me some stamps. He went out at about 7.30 to 7,45 and came home at 11.30 p.m.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. My daughter and my husband use stamps for their business. I knew Baker came home at 11.30 because I heard him enter and looked at the clock. I next saw him at 7 a.m. the next morning.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-181" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-181" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-181" type="surname" value="EBURNE"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-181" type="given" value="JOSEPH HENRY"/>JOSEPH HENRY EBURNE</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I am 21 years of age; I am a tailor's presser and make clothes as well. I started work five years ago as under-presser to a tailor at 33, Stafford Street; was there for 15 months, worked for six or seven months making waistcoats in Maddox Street; I then went to Davis and Sons in Tichfield Street and remained there till August last, since when I have been working at home on private work and odd jobs. On February 3 King visited me at about 5.30. I left at about 6.45 to visit my parents at 13, Upper Rathbone Place, the side door of which is 12 yards down Newman Passage. I met Lennon in Oxford Street; he accompanied me and I was talking at the door in Newman Passage with him about 10 minutes, when I went up to my parents, remained there about half an hour and returned home, being absent about three-quarters of an hour. I remained with my wife all night; King left about 11. On February 4 I invited Lennon and Baker to come up and spend the evening—I have a gramophone. When the officers arrived I was frying some kippers on the stove. One of them said he felt hungry and I invited him to have a bit if he wished. When I was arrested I said, "That's done it "—it is a common expression of mine. I was taken to the station by Durrant; he allowed me to buy cigarettes</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280055"/>
<p>and to smoke. He told me the place I was charged with breaking into was in Newman Street. I said, "It lies at the back here." I never said I did not know Newman Street. I never saw the two jemmies until they were produced at the police court. The stove is on the landing outside my rooms and anyone coming up would pass the stove and could place the jemmies there. I have been a member of the Church Lads' Brigade for three years, am staff sergeant and instructor in musketry, and have charge of the ammunition and the selling of it to the lads.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have lived at 17, Little Earl Street since July, 1910; I occupy two rooms and sublet one to a young lady who enters her room through a separate door. She is not of bad character to my knowledge—she has male and female visitors; I do not interfere with her as long as she pays her rent. I have frequently been in the neighbourhood of Newman Passage. I did not see the officers. I am innocent and have felt this charge very much. I brought my wife up to the police court to give evidence, but she became unwell and had to leave. On Friday, February 3, I worked for Legge, 46, Lexing
<lb/>ton Street, for three half days at 6s. a day and received 9s. from him on the Saturday. I pay 8s. 6d. a week rent. I can give no explana
<lb/>tion to the Jury how the jemmies were placed behind my stove. I have known Lennon for a few weeks before February 3; he introduced Baker to me on the day previous to the arrest, when he brought him up to my rooms; they stayed a few minutes and I invited Baker to come and see me if he had nothing better to do.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-182" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-182" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-182" type="surname" value="EBURNE"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-182" type="given" value="EMILY FLORENCE"/>EMILY FLORENCE EBURNE</persName> </hi> (wife of prisoner Eburne) corroborated his evidence. My husband asked me to give evidence at the police court. I went there and waited to give evidence, but became ill and had to leave.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-183" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-183" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-183" type="surname" value="EBURNE"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-183" type="given" value="EMILY"/>EMILY EBURNE</persName> </hi>, 13, Upper Rathbone Place, mother of prisoner Eburne. My husband is a tailor. On February 3, at about 7 p.m., Eburne came to see his father and stayed half an hour talking about the trade.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-184" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-184" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-184" type="surname" value="MEEHAN"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-184" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MEEHAN</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). On February 4 I came out of Marylebone Workhouse at 8.50 a.m. I was walking dawn Oxford Street when a man asked me if I wanted to earn a few shillings. I said I did. He gave me case (produced) with cheque inside, and said, "Go across there and cash it for me." I saw it contained a cheque, went into the bank and put the cheque on the counter. The cashier beckoned to the officer, who arrested me before I had any. chance of saying anything. I gave the officer the description of the man who had given me the. cheque. I had no idea that the cheque was stolen, and knew nothing whatever about the warehouse being broken into.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. When I put the cheque on the counter I saw it was for £10. I realise now that it was a stupid thing to do, but I was anxious to earn a few shillings and did not think I was doing wrong.</p>
<p>Verdict, Lennon and Baker,
<rs id="t19110228-30-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-30-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-30-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>Guilty, with a recommendation to mercy on account of their youth</rs>; Eburne and Meehan,
<rs id="t19110228-30-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-30-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-30-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280056"/>
<p>Lennon confessed to having been convicted at Marylebone Street on March 10, 1910, in the name of
<persName id="t19110228-name-185">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-185" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-185" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-185" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>William Johnson</persName>, receiving two months' hard labour, for stealing a silk dress from a tricycle left un
<lb/>attended. Other convictions proved: July 30, 1910, three months as a suspected person; bound over twice; six weeks' hard labour on February 26, 1909; and three months' hard labour on July 5, 1909, as a suspected person. Said to associate with a dangerous gang of thieves in Soho.</p>
<p>Baker confessed to have been convicted on August 10, 1909, at New
<lb/>ington Sessions in the name of
<persName id="t19110228-name-186">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-186" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-186" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-186" type="given" value="HARRY"/>Harry Hill</persName>, receiving 18 months' hard labour for shop-breaking, after three previous convictions.</p>
<p>Sentence (Lennon and Baker),
<rs id="t19110228-30-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-30-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-30-punishment-34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-19110228 t19110228-30-punishment-34"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-30-19110228 t19110228-30-punishment-34"/>18 months' hard labour</rs>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Tuesday, March 7.)</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19110228-31" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110228"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-31" type="date" value="19110228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-31-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-31-19110228 t19110228-31-offence-1 t19110228-31-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-31-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-31-19110228 t19110228-31-offence-1 t19110228-31-verdict-2"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-31-19110228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-31-19110228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19110228" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19110228" type="surname" value="PARSONS"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19110228" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19110228" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PARSONS</hi>, Henry (27, labourer)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-31-19110228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-31-19110228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-31-19110228" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def2-31-19110228" type="surname" value="SOUTHGATE"/>
<interp inst="def2-31-19110228" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def2-31-19110228" type="occupation" value="stoker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SOUTHGATE</hi>, William (21, stoker)</persName>
<rs id="t19110228-31-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-31-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-31-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, both stealing eight lengths of copper wire and four lengths of bronze wire, the goods of
<persName id="t19110228-name-189" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-189" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-31-offence-1 t19110228-name-189"/>His Majesty's Postmaster-General</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t19110228-31-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-31-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-31-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>Parsons pleaded guilty.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Forster Boulton prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-190" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-190" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-190" type="surname" value="SILLETT"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-190" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN SILLETT</persName> </hi>, porter, Eagle House Lodging-House, 1, High Street, Homerton. On Tuesday, February 7, at about 11 p.m., I saw South
<lb/>gate at the door of Eagle House. He asked me whether "Lippy" (Parsons) was in. I said he was down in the kitchen. He said, "I want to see him," called through the window, and said, "Lippy, I want you." Parsons then came out of the kitchen, joined Southgate, and they went away together. They did not return that night.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, March 8.)</p>
<p>Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">HENRY PEIRCE</hi>, 25 J. On February 8, at 12.40 a.m., I was on duty at Hackney Marshes when I saw two men with something on their shoulders, I walked along in the shadow until I got within 10 yards, when one of them, who was the prisoner Southgate, turned round—I had a clear view of them, and saw they were each carrying a coil of wire on their shoulders. They caught sight of me, threw down the wire, and ran off. I followed for about three-quarters of a mile, when Parsons became exhausted and I took him into custody. Southgate got away. I took possession of the wire (produced). On February 15 at Victoria Park Police Station I identified Southgate out of 10 others, and then charged him with being concerned with Parsons in stealing the wire. It was a fairly light night, and I can swear to Southgate being the man.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I gave a description of Southgate. Sergeant Smith had not mentioned his name to me. Occasionally there is a fog on the marshes, but it was a clear night on February 7.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280057"/>
<p>Re-examined. I saw Southgate turn round.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-191" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-191" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-191" type="surname" value="MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-191" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH MARTIN</persName> </hi>, linesman, Telegraph Department, General Post Office. On February 8 I received information of the cutting of some wire, and at about 9.45 went to Lee Bank Road, Hackney, where I found that the lengths between poles Nos. 35, 36, and 37, containing eight lengths of 12 different wires, had been cut down, weight 3/4 cwt., value £3 5s. I afterwards identified the wire at Victoria Park Station. On February 7 I inspected the telegraph at 7 a.m. and at 5 p.m. It was then safe.</p>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM SMITH</hi>, J Division. On February 8 I received from Pierce description of a man wanted for stealing wires. On February 9 at 7.30 p.m. I was in High Street, Homerton, when Southgate noticed me and ran into Belshaw Street. On Febru
<lb/>ary 15 I went to 12, Oswald Mansions, Clapton Park, saw the pri
<lb/>soner in bed, and told him I should arrest him on this charge. He said, "You will have to prove it." He was taken to the station and at 9.30 a.m. Pierce picked him out from a number of men.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I told Southgate's mother that her husband was very ill (which was the fact) in order to get into the house. On February 9 I was close to Sedgwick Street when I saw Southgate.</p>
<p>Statement of Southgate before the Magistrate: "I can prove that since I came out I have worked at Tilbury Docks. I wish to call my mother as a witness at the trial. 1'</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-192" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-192" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-192" type="surname" value="SOUTHGATE"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-192" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM SOUTHGATE</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). Perjury has been com
<lb/>mitted in this case. Parsons, the other prisoner, said to me when we were standing together—</p>
<p>The Common Serjeant ruled that prisoner could not give evidence of what Parsons said; he must be called as a witness.</p>
<p>Examination continued. I am charged with Parsons in stealing this copper wire which I am absolutely innocent of. My mother knows that I was in bed at the time and had been in bed every night that week before 11 p.m. When Parsons got caught he told Detective Smith that I was the other man, which is absolutely false. Parsons is dragging me into this out of revenge.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have known Parsons, he has been frequently with me. I was not with him on February 5 or 6. I have spoken to Sillett once or twice. It is false that I went to Eagle House at 11 p.m. on February 7. Parsons is called by the nick-name of Lippy. I never lodged at Eagle House.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-193" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-193" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-193" type="surname" value="SOUTHGATE"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-193" type="given" value="JANE"/>JANE SOUTHGATE</persName> </hi>, 12, Osbald Mansions, Clapton, mother of the prisoner. Southgate used to come in between 11.30 and 11.45. I cannot swear to the time he came in on February 7.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. My son once brought Parsons into my place—I told him not to bring him up again.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-194" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-194" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-194" type="surname" value="BRYAN"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-194" type="given" value="SARAH"/>SARAH BRYAN</persName> </hi>, 5, Sedgwick Street, High Street, Homerton. On February 7 Southgate came to see me at 8 p.m. and left at 11 p.m.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Sedgwick Street runs off High Street.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280058"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-195" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-195" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-195" type="surname" value="PARSONS"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-195" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY PARSONS</persName> </hi> (prisoner). I have pleaded guilty to stealing this wire. Southgate had nothing to do with it. He did not come and call for me at Eagle House. I told Detective Smith that he did so. I went out of Eagle House on my own, and at Homerton Bridge I met a mate whose name I do not know, but it was not Southgate. We went together to the Marshes, cut the wires down, and were carrying them away when we saw the sergeant, dropped the wire and ran. I was caught. When I was at the station Sergeant Smith said to Pierce, "Could you recognise the other chap?" He said, "No—only just by his back." At 8 a.m. Sergeant Smith said to me in the cell, "Where is your mate?" I said, "Who is my mate?" He said "William." I said, "Who is he? I do not know the name of William." He said, "William Southgate." I said, "He was not with me." Then he said, "I will have Southgate if he was not with you." I said, "You can have him, but he was not with me." He said, "If Mr. Wood had had you this time he would have killed you." I said, "Oh, is that all you can do to me?"</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have seem Southgate twice since I have been out. I have known him four years.</p>
<p>Verdict (Southgate),
<rs id="t19110228-31-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-31-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-31-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Parsons confessed to having been convicted on November 2, 1909, at the County of London, receiving 18 months' hard labour for steal
<lb/>ing fittings; some 15 other convictions were proved, including 12 months, nine months, nine months, and six months.</p>
<p>Southgate confessed to having been convicted on March 9, 1909, at Newington Sessions, receiving 15 months' hard labour for stealing; eight other convictions were proved, including six months for stealing iron on June 13, 1908.</p>
<p>Sentence (each),
<rs id="t19110228-31-punishment-35" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-31-punishment-35" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-31-punishment-35" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-31-19110228 t19110228-31-punishment-35"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-31-19110228 t19110228-31-punishment-35"/>Three years' penal servitude</rs>,
<rs id="t19110228-31-punishment-36" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-31-punishment-36" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-31-punishment-36" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-31-19110228 t19110228-31-punishment-36"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-31-19110228 t19110228-31-punishment-36"/>to be followed by two years' police supervision.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, March 8.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110228-32">
<interp inst="t19110228-32" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110228"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-32" type="date" value="19110228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-32-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-32-19110228 t19110228-32-offence-1 t19110228-32-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-32-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-32-19110228 t19110228-32-offence-2 t19110228-32-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-32-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-32-19110228 t19110228-32-offence-2 t19110228-32-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-32-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-32-19110228 t19110228-32-offence-3 t19110228-32-verdict-1"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-32-charge-6" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-32-19110228 t19110228-32-offence-5 t19110228-32-verdict-1"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-32-charge-8" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-32-19110228 t19110228-32-offence-7 t19110228-32-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110228-32-charge-9" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-32-19110228 t19110228-32-offence-7 t19110228-32-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-32-19110228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-32-19110228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19110228" type="age" value="65"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19110228" type="surname" value="RICHARDS"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19110228" type="given" value="DAVID PHILIP"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19110228" type="occupation" value="traveller"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARDS</hi>, David Philip (65, traveller)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-32-19110228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-32-19110228" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-32-19110228" type="age" value="48"/>
<interp inst="def2-32-19110228" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="def2-32-19110228" type="given" value="SARAH JANE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EVANS</hi>, Sarah Jane (48)</persName>
<rs id="t19110228-32-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-32-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-32-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Evans obtaining by false pretences a valuable security, to wit, an agreement for the letting of
<placeName id="t19110228-geo-3">
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-32-offence-1 t19110228-geo-3"/>No. 115, Richmond Road</placeName>, with intent to defraud the
<persName id="t19110228-name-198" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-198" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-32-offence-1 t19110228-name-198"/>Worshipful Company of Drapers</persName>;</rs>
<rs id="t19110228-32-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-32-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-32-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>Richards and Evans conspiring and agreeing together to obtain the said valuable security by means of false pretences;</rs>
<rs id="t19110228-32-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-32-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-32-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>Evans obtaining by false pre
<lb/>tences a valuable security, to wit, an agreement for the letting of No.
<placeName id="t19110228-geo-4">
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-32-offence-3 t19110228-geo-4"/>63, Pentonville Road</placeName>, with intent to defraud the
<persName id="t19110228-name-199" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-199" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-32-offence-3 t19110228-name-199"/>New River Com
<lb/>pany</persName>;</rs>
<rs id="t19110228-32-offence-4" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-32-offence-4" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-32-offence-4" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>Richards obtaining by false pretences a valuable security, to wit, an agreement for the letting of No.
<placeName id="t19110228-geo-5">
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-32-offence-4 t19110228-geo-5"/>138, Offord Road</placeName>, with intent to defraud
<persName id="t19110228-name-200" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-200" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-200" type="surname" value="BEARD"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-200" type="given" value="EDWARD ERNEST"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-32-offence-4 t19110228-name-200"/>Edward Ernest Beard</persName>;</rs>
<rs id="t19110228-32-offence-5" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-32-offence-5" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-32-offence-5" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>Richards obtaining by false pre
<lb/>tences a valuable security, to wit, an agreement for the letting of No.
<placeName id="t19110228-geo-6">
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-32-offence-5 t19110228-geo-6"/>156, Barnsbury Road</placeName>, with intent to defraud
<persName id="t19110228-name-201" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-201" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-201" type="surname" value="NOLLOTH"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-201" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-32-offence-5 t19110228-name-201"/>John Nolloth</persName>;</rs>
<rs id="t19110228-32-offence-6" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-32-offence-6" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-32-offence-6" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>Richards obtaining by false pretences a valuable security, to wit, a tenancy agreement of No.
<placeName id="t19110228-geo-7">
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-32-offence-6 t19110228-geo-7"/>60, Great Percy Street</placeName>, with intent to defraud
<persName id="t19110228-name-202" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-202" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-202" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-202" type="given" value="MICHAEL GRANVILLE LLOYD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110228-32-offence-6 t19110228-name-202"/>Michael Granville Lloyd Baker</persName>;</rs>
<rs id="t19110228-32-offence-7" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110228-32-offence-7" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-32-offence-7" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>Richards and Evans conspiring and agreeing together to obtain the said valuable security by means of false pretences.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280059"/>
<p>Mr. Percival Clarke prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-203" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-203" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-203" type="surname" value="FORSHAW"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-203" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>FRANCIS FORSHAW</persName> </hi>, clerk, Estate Department, New River Com
<lb/>pany. In February, 1910, Evans filled in application (produced) for taking house, 63, Pentonville Road, giving her address at 1, Cubitt Street, "Length of occupation of present house—nine years as dairy and provision. Last occupation—Pitfield Street. Rent paid—£52. Names and addresses of three references—Mr. David Philips, landlord, 11, Grantbridge Street, Islington; K. Morris, Esq., 25, Cumming Street; Mr. Lurch, 59, Liverpool Road, Islington. House to be rented—63, Pentonville Road. Rent—£60 per annum. (Signed) S. J. Evans." She required a range to be put in the second and third floors. I communicated with the three references and received a letter signed David Philips, stating that he had known Evans for 12 years as a responsible tenant. We then granted tenancy agreement, dated March 11, 1910, to Evans for the premises. The rent not being paid on June 24 I saw Evans, and in July she explained that she had let the place to lodgers, introduced me to them, and I arranged to collect their rents. Evans paid no rent for the three months she occupied the premises.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-204" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-204" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-204" type="surname" value="MORRIS"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-204" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>ELLEN MORRIS</persName> </hi>, wife of William John Morris, 1, Cubitt Street, general shopkeeper. Evans occupied my first floor front room from Febru
<lb/>ary 9, 1910, for about five weeks at a rental of 5s. a week. Richards frequently visited her also in the name of Evans. She paid rent up to the time she left. The owner of 1, Cubitt Street, is Mr. Powell—not the prisoner Richards. I do not know David Phillips of 11, Grantbridge Street.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-205" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-205" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-205" type="surname" value="BOLTON"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-205" type="given" value="STEPHEN"/>STEPHEN BOLTON</persName> </hi>, 8, College Street, Islington, estate agent. On January 29, 1910, I let 11, Grantbridge Street, Islington, to the prisoner Richards in the name of "David Richardson" for 12 months at £44 per year. Rent became due on March 24, but was not paid. The premises were let to a sub-tenant, from whom Richards was receiv
<lb/>ing 14s. 6d. a week for the' four upper rooms.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-206" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-206" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-206" type="surname" value="RODWAY"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-206" type="given" value="EMILY"/>EMILY RODWAY</persName> </hi>, wife of Francis Rodway, 63, Pentonville Road. I took two top rooms at my present address at 7s. a week from Evans on April 10. Evans occupied the lower part of the house up till midsummer, when she left.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-207" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-207" type="surname" value="FORD"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-207" type="given" value="BERNARD"/>BERNARD FORD</persName> </hi>, 107, Richmond Road, Islington, house agent to the Drapers' Company. On September 12 Evans applied to me, in the name of "Sarah Philips," to take 115, Richmond Road, at a rental of £45 per annum. She said she was living at 28, Arthur Road, Holloway, her landlord being Mr. Richards, of 3, Denmark Road, Barnsbury, to whom she referred me. I there saw the prisoner Richards. He said, "She has been my tenant for some considerable time, is a respectable person and pays her rent promptly." I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102280060"/>
<p>asked him if he collected the rent himself; he said yes, and that Mrs. Philips was well connected. I then saw Evans, in the name of Philips, at 28, Arthur Road, and asked her to show me her rent receipts. She said, "It is not convenient just now as I am entertaining friends, I will bring them to your office." She afterwards brought to me a receipt for £10, signed "D. P. Richards" for the June quarter's rent of 28, Arthur Road. She then signed agreement (produced) dated Septem
<lb/>ber 12, 1910, taking 115, Richmond Road. She left a day or two before Christmas; no rent had been paid. I visited the house and found that three families were occupying rooms there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110228-name-208" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110228-name-208" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-208" type="surname" value="ERQUIT"/>
<interp inst="t19110228-name-208" type="given" value="MARY ELIZABETH"/>MARY ELIZABETH ERQUIT</persName> </</