<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<p>FEBRUARY (1), 1911.</p>
<p>Vol. CLIV.] Part 916.</p>
<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>Shorthand Writers to the Court.</p>
<p>EDITED BY</p>
<p>[Published by Annual Subscription.]</p>
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<p>On the King's Commission of</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>Held on Tuesday, February 7th, 1911, and following days.</p>
<p>Before the Right Hon. Sir
<hi rend="largeCaps">T. VEZEY-STRONG</hi>, Alderman,
<hi rend="largeCaps">LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; the Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t19110207-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-1" type="surname" value="AVORY"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-1" type="given" value="HORACE"/>HORACE AVORY</persName> </hi>, one of the Justices of His Majesty's High Court; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-2" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-2" type="surname" value="WILKIN"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-2" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER WILKIN</persName> </hi>, K.C.M.G.; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-3" type="surname" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-3" type="given" value="MARCUS"/>MARCUS SAMUEL</persName> </hi>, Bart.; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">WM. PURDIE TRELOAR</hi>, Bart.; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-4" type="surname" value="BURNETT"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-4" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID BURNETT</persName> </hi>, Knight;
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-5" type="surname" value="HANSON"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-5" type="given" value="CHARLES AUGUSTIN"/>CHARLES AUGUSTIN HANSON</persName> </hi>, Esq.; and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-6" type="surname" value="ROLL"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-6" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES ROLL</persName> </hi>, Esq., Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">FORREST FULTON</hi>, Knight, K.C., Recorder of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">FK. ALBERT BOSANQUET</hi>, K.C., Common Serjeant of the said City; and His Honour Judge
<hi rend="smallCaps">RENTOUL</hi>, K.C., Commissioner; His Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-7" type="surname" value="JOHNSTON"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-7" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES JOHNSTON</persName> </hi>, Esq., Alderman,</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HENRY C. BUCKINGHAM</hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-8" type="surname" value="SMYTHE"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-8" type="given" value="RUPERT"/>RUPERT SMYTHE</persName> </hi>, Esq., Deputy,</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">E. V. HUXTABLE</hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">VEZEY-STRONG, MAYOR</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOURTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE RECORDER.</hi> </p>
<p>(Tuesday, February 7.)</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19110207-name-9" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-9" type="surname" value="FOX"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-9" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-9" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOX</hi>, Charles (35, clerk)</persName>, who pleaded guilty last Session (see p. 217) of forgery, was brought up for judgment.</p>
<p>Sentence, Nine months' hard labour, to date from the first day of last Session.</p>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">JONES</hi>, William (64, engineer)</persName>
<rs id="t19110207-2-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-2-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-2-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, feloniously uttering, well knowing the same to be forged, a certain forged power of attorney to transfer £1,100 £2 10s. per Cent. Consolidated Stock, with intent to defraud; feloniously uttering, well knowing the name and handwriting purport
<lb/>ing to be the name and handwriting of the attesting witness thereof to be forged, a certain forged power of attorney to transfer £1,100 £2 10s. per Cent. Consolidated Stock; feloniously forging and uttering, well knowing the same to be forged, a certain general power of attorney to transfer a certain share and interest, with intent to defraud;</rs>
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<interp inst="t19110207-2-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-2-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>stealing divers valuable securities of and belonging to one
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<interp inst="t19110207-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-11" type="surname" value="COLCOM"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-11" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-2-offence-2 t19110207-name-11"/>William Colecom</persName> and feloniously receiving the same.</rs> </p>
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<interp inst="t19110207-2-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-2-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>Prisoner pleaded guilty to the charges of uttering, which plea was accepted by the prosecution.</rs> </p>
<p>It was stated that £220 had been recovered in the prisoner's posses
<lb/>sion and that he was prepared to pay over to the prosecutors £97 at his bank. Sentence postponed to Thursday to enable the payment to. be made. On that day it was stated that the amount in prisoner's bank was £47, which had been paid over—£50 having been drawn on a post
<lb/>dated cheque.</p>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-2-19110207 t19110207-2-punishment-1"/>18 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">SALTER</hi>, Alexander (22, labourer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19110207-3-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-3-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-3-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19110207-3-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-3-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-3-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>of stealing six teaspoons and other articles, the goods of
<persName id="t19110207-name-13" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-13" type="surname" value="LONDON"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-13" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-3-offence-1 t19110207-name-13"/>Herbert London</persName>;</rs>
<rs id="t19110207-3-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-3-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-3-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>breaking and entering the
<placeName id="t19110207-geo-1">
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-3-offence-2 t19110207-geo-1"/>Church of Saint Andrew and Saint Michael</placeName> and stealing therein three offertory boxes and 3s., the goods and moneys of
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<interp inst="t19110207-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-14" type="surname" value="LONDON"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-14" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-3-offence-2 t19110207-name-14"/>Herbert London</persName>.</rs> </p>
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<p>Prisoner confessed to having been convicted at Sleaford Petty Sessions on September 10, 1906, receiving six weeks' hard labour, for stealing boots.</p>
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<interp inst="t19110207-3-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-3-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-3-19110207 t19110207-3-punishment-2"/>Nine months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">HANDLEY</hi>, David (39, postman)</persName>,
<rs id="t19110207-4-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-4-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-4-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
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<interp inst="t19110207-4-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-4-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>of stealing one postal packet containing one card case, 6s., one postal order for 2s. 6d., and six postage stamps, the property of
<persName id="t19110207-name-16" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-16" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-4-offence-1 t19110207-name-16"/>His Majesty's Post-master-General</persName>, he being an officer of the Post Office.</rs> </p>
<p>It was stated that on searching prisoner's house over 500 watches, bracelets, tie-pins, brooches, sleeve-links, spoons, and other articles were found, some of which had been identified as lost through the post.</p>
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<interp inst="t19110207-4-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-4-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-4-19110207 t19110207-4-punishment-3"/>15 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">JACKSON</hi>, Henry (40, labourer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19110207-5-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-5-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-5-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19110207-5-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-5-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-5-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>of breaking and entering the shop of the
<persName id="t19110207-name-18" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-18" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-5-offence-1 t19110207-name-18"/>Aerated Bread Company, Ltd</persName>., and stealing therein one pipe, three boxes of cigars, and one dummy box of cigarettes, their goods.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner confessed to having been convicted on September 23, 1908, at South London Sessions, receiving 21 months' hard labour and license revoked, for larceny and receiving. Other convictions: November 21. 1905, Winchester, three years' penal servitude; also 18 months, 12 months, three months, six months, and six summary convictions for drunkenness and unlawful possession. Stated to have been at work since his last release on September 7, 1910.</p>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-5-19110207 t19110207-5-punishment-4"/>15 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">JACKSON</hi>, Thomas (30, labourer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19110207-6-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-6-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-6-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
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<interp inst="t19110207-6-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-6-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>of breaking and entering the shop of
<persName id="t19110207-name-20" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-20" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-20" type="surname" value="CECIL"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-20" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-20" type="occupation" value="shopkeeper"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-6-offence-1 t19110207-name-20"/>Alfred Cecil</persName> and stealing therein five yards in length of cloth, his goods.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner confessed to having been convicted at Newington on October 23, 1908, receiving 22 months' hard labour for larceny. Seven other convictions were proved, including three-and-a-half and three years' penal servitude. At the last November Session (see page 30) prisoner was convicted of malicious damage, and released on recognisances.</p>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-6-19110207 t19110207-6-punishment-5"/>18 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-7-19110207" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19110207" type="surname" value="NORRIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19110207" type="given" value="GEORGE SCARBOROUGH"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19110207" type="occupation" value="porter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NORRIS</hi>, George Scarborough (27, porter)</persName>
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<interp inst="t19110207-7-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-7-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19110207-7-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-7-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-7-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>,of forging and uttering, knowing the same to be forged, three receipts for the several amounts of £2 10s., 2s. 4d., and 2s. 11d., in each case with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner was recommended to mercy by his employers, the General Electric Company, with whom he had been for 15 years, bearing a high character. He was stated to have been in distress through illness in his family.</p>
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<interp inst="t19110207-7-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-7-19110207 t19110207-7-punishment-6"/>One day's imprisonment</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-8-19110207" type="occupation" value="dealer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CRANE</hi>, Albert (18, dealer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19110207-8-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-8-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-8-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19110207-8-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-8-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-8-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>of forging and uttering, knowing the same to be forged, two several orders for the payment of money, to wit, bankers' cheques for £3 10s. and 16s. 6d. respectively in each case with intent to defraud;</rs>
<rs id="t19110207-8-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-8-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-8-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>stealing one hand bag, one railway season-ticket, one postal order for 8s., 12 penny postage stamps, one cheque book and one purse, the goods of
<persName id="t19110207-name-23" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-23" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-23" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-23" type="given" value="ALICE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-8-offence-2 t19110207-name-23"/>Alice Thompson</persName>.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102070009"/>
<p>Prisoner was convicted on January 13, 1910, at the Mansion House, receiving six weeks' imprisonment as a suspected person. Stated to have passed off a large number of forged cheques.</p>
<rs id="t19110207-8-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-8-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-8-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="otherInstitution"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-8-19110207 t19110207-8-punishment-7"/>Three years' imprisonment under Borstal treatment.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110207-9">
<interp inst="t19110207-9" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110207"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-9" type="date" value="19110207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-9-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-19110207 t19110207-9-offence-1 t19110207-9-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-9-19110207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-9-19110207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19110207" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19110207" type="surname" value="CORBETT"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19110207" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19110207" type="occupation" value="assistant postman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CORBETT</hi>, John (24, assistant postman)</persName>
<rs id="t19110207-9-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-9-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-9-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, stealing one postal packet containing 9s. 2 1/2 d., the property of His Majesty's Postmaster-General, he being an officer of the Post Office.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Forster Boulton prosecuted; Mr. Rooth defended.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-25" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-25" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-25" type="surname" value="STRATFORD"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-25" type="given" value="EDWARD JOSEPH"/>EDWARD JOSEPH STRATFORD</persName> </hi>, clerk in the secretary's department, General Post Office. In consequence of complaints of missing letters I made inquiries, suspected prisoner, and on January 9 made up a test packet, addressed to "Birkenshaw, c/o Selby and Sons, 180, King's Street, Hammersmith," containing purse with two half-crowns, one florin, two shillings, and 2 1/2 d. in bronze, all bearing my private mark. The next day I saw prisoner in the private room at Hammer
<lb/>smith Sorting Office, informed him that the packet had not been delivered, and asked him if he had any explanation to make. He said, "I do not remember anything about it." I asked him if he had any objection to turning out his pockets; he said, "No." Police
<lb/>constable Sharman made a search; in his belt were found two half
<lb/>crowns, one florin, two shillings; and one penny, marked coins, which I had put in the packet. I asked him if he had anything belonging to the post office at his lodgings; he said he had not. I asked him if he had any objection to his lodgings being searched, and he said, "No." Sharman then went to his lodgings and brought back the purse, the covering of the packet, and portions of the cardboard box contained in the test packet, and told prisoner, "I found them in your room at your lodgings."Prisoner then said, "I took the packet home and I was tempted to open it." He was then given into custody.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, February 8.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-26" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-26" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-26" type="surname" value="STRATFORD"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-26" type="given" value="EDWARD JOSEPH"/>EDWARD JOSEPH STRATFORD</persName> </hi> (recalled), cross-examined. I had no knowledge of prisoner previous to this incident. He entered the Post Office service in November, 1909; he had been a soldier, had served with the colours in South Africa as a bombardier in the Royal Horse Artillery, and had been discharged with an excellent character. He did not say he intended to return the money or that he had found the packet in his bag, and that it was too late to bring it back to the office.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-27" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-27" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-27" type="surname" value="VIOLET"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-27" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN VIOLET</persName> </hi>, assistant superintendent, G.P.O. I saw last witness make up the test packet and post it. I collected it and put it in a special packet addressed to the Overseer at Hammersmith Sorting Office, with directions for it to be specially dealt with.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-28" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-28" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-28" type="surname" value="FORRESTER"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-28" type="given" value="GEORGE FRANCIS"/>GEORGE FRANCIS FORRESTER</persName> </hi>, Overseer, Hammersmith Sorting Office. On January 9 I received under cover a test packet addressed to Birkenshaw, 180, King's Street. At 8.40 p.m. I put it amongst</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102070012"/>
<p>the letters for prisoner's "walk." It was his duty to examine the letters and if one was not on his walk to put that into the proper walk. I saw prisoner put the letter out as an ordinary mis-sort packet, and then afterwards as he left the office he placed it in his bag. It was his duty if in possession of a letter out of his walk to post it at the nearest pillar box or if too large to go into the box to post it at the Hammersmith Broadway Post Office, where there is a large aperture, or bring it back to the office the next morning. Prisoner lives at 26, Queen's Street, close to Hammersmith Broadway Post Office, which is open till 11 p.m.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner's walk includes a portion of King's Street from No. 232 upwards; the test letter was addressed to 180, King's Street, which is out of his walk.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">EDWIN CLARK</hi>, A Division, attached to the G.P.O., corro
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-29" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-29" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-29" type="surname" value="CORBETT"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-29" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN CORBETT</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I have been eight years in the Army. I went to South Africa in 1901 and remained there till the close of the war, was in India for five years and took my discharge owing to deafness impeding my advancement, arriving in England in January, 1909. I put my name down for service in the Post Office and was employed in November, 1910. I have a pension of 3s. 6d. a week, which terminates in December, 1912. I could not say how I became possessed of the test letter. After I had done my delivery I found it in my bag. I could not get it into a pillar box, and took it home. I became curious and opened it, thinking it was a joke which was being played on me. I found a purse, the money, and a letter. I left the purse, letter, wrapper, etc., on the table at my lodgings and put the money in my belt for safety, intending to return it at the office the next morning. Being a little late, I forgot to bring the packet with me. I told Mr. Stratford that part of the money was mine, because there was 2s. or 3s. of my own money. I said that I had taken it with the intention of taking it to the office the next morning, but that it had escaped my memory.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I live at 26, Queen's Street, Hammersmith, and close to the Broadway Post Office. I tried to repost the packet into a letter-box in King Street, but found it would not go in. I did not deliver it at Hammersmith Broadway because I thought that office would be closed.</p>
<rs id="t19110207-9-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-9-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-9-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>It was stated that a large number of packets had been missed and that prisoner had on two previous occasions taken mis-sorted letters and opened them.</p>
<rs id="t19110207-9-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-9-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-9-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-19110207 t19110207-9-punishment-8"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102070013"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Tuesday, February 7.)</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19110207-10" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110207"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-10" type="date" value="19110207"/>
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<persName id="def1-10-19110207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-10-19110207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19110207" type="age" value="45"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19110207" type="surname" value="CHALK"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19110207" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19110207" type="occupation" value="tinsmith"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHALK</hi>, Charles (45, tinsmith)</persName>,
<rs id="t19110207-10-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-10-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-10-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19110207-10-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-10-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-10-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>of feloniously pos
<lb/>sessing two moulds in and upon which were impressed the obverse and reverse sides of a shilling and of unlawfully possessing counterfeit coin, with intent to utter the same.</rs> </p>
<p>Two previous convictions were proved, one in 1906 for possessing counterfeit coin, when prisoner received 15 months' hard labour. As far as could be ascertained he had done no work since his release from that sentence.</p>
<rs id="t19110207-10-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-10-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-10-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-19110207 t19110207-10-punishment-9"/>Five years' penal servitude</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19110207-11" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110207"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-11" type="date" value="19110207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-11-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-19110207 t19110207-11-offence-1 t19110207-11-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-11-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-11-19110207 t19110207-11-offence-1 t19110207-11-verdict-1"/>
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<persName id="def1-11-19110207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-11-19110207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19110207" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19110207" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19110207" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19110207" type="occupation" value="bricklayer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JONES</hi>, Henry (30, bricklayer)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-11-19110207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-11-19110207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-11-19110207" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def2-11-19110207" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def2-11-19110207" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<interp inst="def2-11-19110207" type="occupation" value="dealer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SMITH</hi>, Frederick (24, dealer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19110207-11-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-11-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-11-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19110207-11-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-11-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-11-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>of feloniously making and counterfeiting counterfeit florins and of feloniously possessing a mould in and upon which was impressed the obverse side of a shilling.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19110207-11-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-11-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-11-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="habitualCriminal"/>Jones was further indicted for that he is a habitual criminal.</rs> Mr. Pickersgill, M.P., prosecuted.</p>
<p>Formal proof was given of service of notice, and of three previous convictions; one on July 6, 1901, at the Middlesex Sessions, in the name of Andrew Moran, with a sentence of three years'penal servi
<lb/>tude for larceny; another on June 14, 1904, at St. Albans Quarter Sessions, with a sentence of four years' penal servitude and two years' police supervision for larceny, and a third on October 28, 1909, at Wells, Somerset, with a sentence of 15 months' hard labour for larceny.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GOODWILLIE</hi>, New Scotland Yard. Prisoner is known under the names of "
<persName id="t19110207-name-33">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-33" type="surname" value="WOODS"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-33" type="given" value="HENRY"/>Woods</persName>," "
<persName id="t19110207-name-34">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-34" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-34" type="given" value="HENRY"/>Wood</persName>,"
<persName id="t19110207-name-35">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-35" type="surname" value="MORAN"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-35" type="given" value="HENRY"/>Moran</persName>," and "
<persName id="t19110207-name-36">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-36" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-36" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-36" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>Albert Jones</persName>." He was born in 1879 and worked as a labourer till he was 17. He said, on my inquiring, that he could not give me the addresses of any people for whom he had worked. I cannot find that he has been employed anywhere. There are the following further convictions against him: One month on June 18, 1896, for stealing; two months on August 15, 1896, for loitering; nine months on April 21, 1897, for stealing; 18 months on December 5, 1899, for stealing; and three months on June 25, 1909, for loitering. He knew nothing of coining until this offence, but for two months previous to his arrest he and Smith were engaged in it.</p>
<p>Prisoner, called upon for his defence, stated that he had nothing to say.</p>
<rs id="t19110207-11-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-11-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-11-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Against Smith seven previous convictions were proved, one being for a coinage offence, for which he received six months' hard labour. He was stated to be an associate of good coiners, to be an expert, and never to have been known to do any work.</p>
<p>Sentences: Jones,
<rs id="t19110207-11-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-11-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-11-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-19110207 t19110207-11-punishment-10"/>Three years' penal servitude</rs> and
<rs id="t19110207-11-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-11-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-11-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="preventiveDetention"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-19110207 t19110207-11-punishment-11"/>Five years' "preventive detention;</rs> Smith,
<rs id="t19110207-11-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-11-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-11-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-11-19110207 t19110207-11-punishment-12"/>Five years' penal servitude.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19110207-12" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110207"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-12" type="date" value="19110207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-12-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-19110207 t19110207-12-offence-1 t19110207-12-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102070014"/>
<persName id="def1-12-19110207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-12-19110207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19110207" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19110207" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19110207" type="given" value="JACK"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19110207" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JONES</hi>, Jack (36, labourer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19110207-12-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-12-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-12-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19110207-12-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-12-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-12-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>of breaking and enter
<lb/>ing the shop of
<persName id="t19110207-name-38" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-38" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-12-offence-1 t19110207-name-38"/>Samuel Brothers, Limited</persName>, and stealing therein one pair of boots, their goods; breaking and entering the shop of
<persName id="t19110207-name-39" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-39" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-39" type="surname" value="HAMMOND"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-39" type="given" value="ELIJAH"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-39" type="occupation" value="shopkeeper"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-12-offence-1 t19110207-name-39"/>Elijah Hammond</persName> and another on
<rs id="t19110207-cd-1" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-12-offence-1 t19110207-cd-1"/>December 20, 1910</rs>, and stealing there one overcoat; their goods; breaking and entering the shop of Elijah Hammond and another on
<rs id="t19110207-cd-2" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-12-offence-1 t19110207-cd-2"/>January 5, 1911</rs>, and stealing therein two overcoasts, their good; breaking and endering the shop of
<persName id="t19110207-name-40" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-40" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-40" type="surname" value="COYNE"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-40" type="given" value="CHARLES ANTHONY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-12-offence-1 t19110207-name-40"/>Charles Anthony Coyne</persName> and stealing therein two boots, his goods.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner confessed to a previous conviction of felony at this Court on February 8, 1910. He was born in Birmingham, where inquiries had been made about him, with no result. Since his coming to London he had done no regular work. He stated that his name was not "Jack Jones."</p>
<rs id="t19110207-12-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-12-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-12-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-19110207 t19110207-12-punishment-13"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19110207-13" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110207"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-13" type="date" value="19110207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-13-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-19110207 t19110207-13-offence-1 t19110207-13-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-13-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-19110207 t19110207-13-offence-2 t19110207-13-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-13-19110207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-13-19110207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19110207" type="age" value="60"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19110207" type="surname" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19110207" type="given" value="WILLIAM OWEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19110207" type="occupation" value="dealer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS.</hi> William Owen (60, dealer)</persName>
<rs id="t19110207-13-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-13-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-13-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, feloniously stealing a cheque book containing 41 cheque forms, the property of
<persName id="t19110207-name-42" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-42" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-42" type="surname" value="JUDSON"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-42" type="given" value="HERBERT STANLEY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-13-offence-1 t19110207-name-42"/>Herbert Stanley Judson</persName>;</rs> (second count)
<rs id="t19110207-13-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-13-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-13-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>attempting to obtain by false pretences from
<persName id="t19110207-name-43" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-43" type="surname" value="TRUDMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-43" type="given" value="CECIL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-13-offence-1 t19110207-name-43"/>Cecil Trudman</persName> 20 bracelets and other articles, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19110207-13-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-13-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-13-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>Prisoner pleaded guilty to the latter indictment,</rs> and the first indict
<lb/>ment was proceeded with.</p>
<p>Mr. Trapnell prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-44" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-44" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-44" type="surname" value="TRUDMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-44" type="given" value="CECIL"/>CECIL TRUDMAN</persName> </hi>, wholesale jeweller, 148, Holborn Bars, W.C. On January 24 prisoner, with another man, came to the warehouse and asked for some jewellery on approval; he gave his name as "William Owen Thomas," and said he was a fancy goods dealer. I told him that I could not do that as I did not know him and they said they would pay cash. The other man went and had a cup of tea while prisoner selected about £77 worth of goods. He then produced a cheque book" and on my saying I could not accept that he became indignant and said that his cheque was more than good for the amount. I asked him to give me the names of any firms he had bad dealings with and he said he was afraid that the principals would be gone, as it was then about 5.30 I suggested he should leave the cheque and, on my finding it was all right in the morning, I would forward the goods, but he said he would come with the cash next morning. I said I did not expect him to return and he need not try to play that game on me. He asked me whether I thought he was a thief and I said I did. I followed him out and gave him in charge.</p>
<p>To the Court. He said he lived at Balham and that it was a Balham bank, but he did not give me the name of it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM BULGIN</hi>, 349 B. On January 24 the last witness gave prisoner in charge in Holborn. On searching him at the station I found this cheque book (produced), which he said was his property; he said that he had £700 in the Balham branch of the City and Midland Bank. He gave his name as "William Owen Thomas" of 68, Bournville Road, Balham, and that he was, or said that he was, a fancy goods dealer. His card bears the address," 104, Drake
<lb/>field Road, London, S.W.," and the name "William Bowen Thomas."</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102070015"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-45" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-45" type="surname" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-45" type="given" value="WILLIAM BOWEN"/>WILLIAM BOWEN THOMAS</persName> </hi>, Gillingham, Kent. In the early part of January last year I was living at 104, Drakefield Gardens, Balham, which is my house. The present tenants are not named Thomas, nor has prisoner ever occupied that house. The name and address on this card are mine, but it is not my card.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-46" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-46" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-46" type="given" value="RICHARD HERBERT"/>RICHARD HERBERT WILSON</persName> </hi>, manager to Herbert Stanley Judson, 224, Clapham Road. About 8 p.m. on December 2 I left this cheque book in the safe and on arriving at the office the following morning I found the safe had been carried off. Prisoner has no right to the cheque book. There were 165 cheques left in it when I saw it last, but the bottom lot of cheques have now been torn off and 124 are missing. All the counterfoils to the missing cheques are blank, with the exception of one, which is in a strange handwriting.</p>
<p>Prisoner's statement before the Magistrate." I had no intention of defrauding the prosecutor of any goods. If I had taken the goods I could have met the cheque the next morning. The cheque book I found the day before."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-47" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-47" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-47" type="surname" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-47" type="given" value="WILLIAM OWEN"/>WILLIAM OWEN THOMAS</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). My name is William Owen Thomas. It was impossible for me to have stolen this cheque book because on the date it was stolen I was in Wakefield Prison and I was not discharged until January 13.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I found it the day before I was arrested. On the night before I was arrested a man named "Floyd," whom I had never seen before, lent it to me to buy some goods with; I was to sign my name. I saw him next morning as he arranged, and in the evening I went to the prosecutor's shop to get this jewellery. I had no banking account, but I could have gone in the morning and paid him the money before he presented the cheque. I had a man in the country who had ordered the goods; I do not wish to give his name.</p>
<rs id="t19110207-13-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-13-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-13-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty of receiving.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner confessed to a previous conviction of felony at this Court on September 9, 1908, in the name of
<persName id="t19110207-name-48">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-48" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-48" type="given" value="JOHN"/>John Thompson</persName>, when he was sentenced to three years' penal servitude. Three further convictions were proved. He had six months to serve of his sentence in 1908.</p>
<rs id="t19110207-13-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-13-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-13-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-19110207 t19110207-13-punishment-14"/>Three years' penal servitude</rs>, to be followed by
<rs id="t19110207-13-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-13-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-13-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-19110207 t19110207-13-punishment-15"/>two years' police supervision, on the count on which he had been found guilty,</rs> and
<rs id="t19110207-13-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-13-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-13-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-19110207 t19110207-13-punishment-16"/>one day's imprisonment on the misdemeanour count.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MR. JUSTICE AVORY</hi>.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, February 8.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110207-14">
<interp inst="t19110207-14" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110207"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-14" type="date" value="19110207"/>
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<persName id="def1-14-19110207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-14-19110207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19110207" type="age" value="50"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19110207" type="surname" value="LIVERMORE"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19110207" type="given" value="FRANCIS JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19110207" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LIVERMORE</hi>, Francis Joseph (50, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19110207-14-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-14-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-14-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>, being a male person, did unlawfully have carnal knowledge of
<persName id="t19110207-name-50" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-50" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-50" type="surname" value="LIVERMORE"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-50" type="given" value="ANNIE ELIZABETH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-14-offence-1 t19110207-name-50"/>Annie Elizabeth Livermore</persName>, to his knowledge his daughter. (In camera; Punishment of Incest Act, 1908.)</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102070016"/>
<p>Mr. Graham-Campbell prosecuted; Mr. Eustace Fulton defended. Verdict,
<rs id="t19110207-14-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-14-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-14-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19110207-15" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110207"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-15" type="date" value="19110207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-15-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19110207 t19110207-15-offence-1 t19110207-15-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-15-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19110207 t19110207-15-offence-2 t19110207-15-verdict-"/>
<persName id="def1-15-19110207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-15-19110207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19110207" type="age" value="56"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19110207" type="surname" value="WILLS"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19110207" type="given" value="WILLIAM ALEXANDER"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19110207" type="occupation" value="Baptist minister and missionary"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLS</hi>, William Alexander (56, formerly a Baptist minister and missionary)</persName>,
<rs id="t19110207-15-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-15-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-15-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19110207-15-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-15-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-15-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>of acts of gross indecency with three boys under the age of 13 years (nine counts) and with three boys over 13 and under 16 years (10 counts).</rs>
<rs id="t19110207-15-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-15-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-15-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>There were also indictments charging the committing of abominable crime with the same boys;</rs> with the approval of the Court, the Crown accepted the plea to the misdemeanour indictment and the others were not proceeded with.</p>
<p>Mr. Leycester (with Mr. Muir) prosecuted; Mr. C. F. Gill, K.C., and Mr. Frampton appeared for prisoner.</p>
<p>Sentence (February 9):
<rs id="t19110207-15-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-15-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-15-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19110207 t19110207-15-punishment-17"/>On the first nine counts, Five years' penal servitude;</rs>
<rs id="t19110207-15-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-15-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-15-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19110207 t19110207-15-punishment-18"/>on the remaining 10, Four days' imprisonment; to run concurrently</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110207-16">
<interp inst="t19110207-16" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110207"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-16" type="date" value="19110207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-16-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-19110207 t19110207-16-offence-1 t19110207-16-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-16-19110207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-16-19110207" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19110207" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19110207" type="surname" value="LEENING"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19110207" type="given" value="EDITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19110207" type="occupation" value="domestic servant"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LEENING</hi>, Edith (17, domestic servant)</persName>,
<rs id="t19110207-16-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-16-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-16-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19110207-16-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-16-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-16-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>of felo
<lb/>niously throwing upon
<persName id="t19110207-name-53" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-53" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-53" type="surname" value="STOCK"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-53" type="given" value="MAUD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-16-offence-1 t19110207-name-53"/>Maud Stock</persName> a certain corrosive fluid (spirit of salt) with intent to burn her, or to maim her, or to disfigure her, or to do her grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner, when asked
<hi rend="italic">if</hi> she exactly understood to what she was pleading guilty said "She intended to murder her."</p>
<rs id="t19110207-16-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-16-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-16-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-19110207 t19110207-16-punishment-19"/>Six months' imprisonment</rs>, second division.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi> THE RECORDER.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, February 8.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110207-17">
<interp inst="t19110207-17" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110207"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-17" type="date" value="19110207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-17-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-19110207 t19110207-17-offence-1 t19110207-17-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-17-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-17-19110207 t19110207-17-offence-1 t19110207-17-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-17-19110207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-17-19110207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19110207" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19110207" type="surname" value="BURNS"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19110207" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19110207" type="occupation" value="boot finisher"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BURNS</hi>, John (28, boot finisher)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-17-19110207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-17-19110207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-17-19110207" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def2-17-19110207" type="surname" value="COHEN"/>
<interp inst="def2-17-19110207" type="given" value="LOUIS"/>
<interp inst="def2-17-19110207" type="occupation" value="cabinet maker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COHEN</hi>, Louis (21, cabinet maker)</persName>,
<rs id="t19110207-17-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-17-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-17-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19110207-17-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-17-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-17-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>of stealing two pairs of boots, the goods of
<persName id="t19110207-name-56" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-56" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-17-offence-1 t19110207-name-56"/>Lilley and Skinner, Limited</persName>, and feloniously receiving the same.</rs> </p>
<p>Burns confessed to having been convicted at this Court on Decem
<lb/>ber 10, 1906, receiving five years' penal servitude, for coining; two other convictions were proved.</p>
<p>Sentences: Burns,
<rs id="t19110207-17-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-17-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-17-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-19110207 t19110207-17-punishment-20"/>18 months' hard labour</rs>; Cohen,
<rs id="t19110207-17-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-17-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-17-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-17-19110207 t19110207-17-punishment-21"/>12 months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110207-18">
<interp inst="t19110207-18" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110207"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-18" type="date" value="19110207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-18-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-19110207 t19110207-18-offence-1 t19110207-18-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-18-19110207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-18-19110207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19110207" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19110207" type="surname" value="BROOKS"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19110207" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19110207" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BROOKS</hi>, Henry (22, labourer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19110207-18-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-18-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-18-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19110207-18-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-18-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-18-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>of robbing
<persName id="t19110207-name-58" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-58" type="surname" value="FORECAST"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-58" type="given" value="EDWIN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-18-offence-1 t19110207-name-58"/>Edwin Forecast</persName> and at the time of such robbery feloniously striking him.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner was stated to be of good character, to have served in the Special Army Reserve, and to have committed this offence under the influence of drink. He stated that he desired to enter the Army.</p>
<rs id="t19110207-18-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-18-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-18-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-19110207 t19110207-18-punishment-22"/>Sentence was postponed till next session, Mr. Scott
<lb/>France, the Court Missionary, to endeavour to find prisoner employment.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110207-19">
<interp inst="t19110207-19" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110207"/>
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<interp inst="def1-19-19110207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19110207" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19110207" type="surname" value="GRANVILLE"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19110207" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19110207" type="occupation" value="scaffolder"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GRANVILLE</hi>, James (40, scaffolder)</persName>
<rs id="t19110207-19-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-19-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-19-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/> robbery with violence upon
<persName id="t19110207-name-60" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-60" type="surname" value="SWAN"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-60" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-19-offence-1 t19110207-name-60"/>Joseph Swan</persName> and stealing from him one watch chain, his goods.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19110207-19-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-19-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-19-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>Prisoner pleaded guilty to robbery without violence, which plea was accepted by the prosecution.</rs> Prisoner confessed to having been</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102070017"/>
<p>convicted at Clerkenwell on November 6, 1906, receiving three years' penal servitude for warehouse breaking; several summary convictions were proved. Since his release from prison on November 6, 1909, prisoner was stated to have been regularly working, with a good character, and to have committed this offence when starving, after attempting to obtain work.</p>
<rs id="t19110207-19-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-19-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-19-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-19-19110207 t19110207-19-punishment-23"/>Sentence was postponed till next sessions, Mr. Scott-France, the Court Missionary, to report.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110207-20">
<interp inst="t19110207-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110207"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-20" type="date" value="19110207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-20-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-19110207 t19110207-20-offence-1 t19110207-20-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-20-19110207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-20-19110207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19110207" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19110207" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EVANS</hi>, Thomas</persName>,
<rs id="t19110207-20-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-20-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-20-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> of
<rs id="t19110207-20-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-20-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-20-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>obtaining by false pretences one watch from
<persName id="t19110207-name-62" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-62" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-62" type="surname" value="GOLDING"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-62" type="given" value="MARY JANE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-20-offence-1 t19110207-name-62"/>Mary Jane Golding</persName>.</rs> He confessed to having been convicted on March 14, 1908, at Glamorgan Assizes, receiving 18 months' hard labour, for obtaining goods by false pretences. Several other convictions were proved. Prisoner was already under sentence of six months' hard labour at Cardiff.</p>
<rs id="t19110207-20-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-20-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-20-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-19110207 t19110207-20-punishment-24"/>12 months' hard labour, to run concurrently with the sentence already given.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE COMMON SERJEANT.</hi> </p>
<p>(Wednesday, February 8.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110207-21">
<interp inst="t19110207-21" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110207"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-21" type="date" value="19110207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-21-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-19110207 t19110207-21-offence-1 t19110207-21-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-21-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-19110207 t19110207-21-offence-2 t19110207-21-verdict-1"/>
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<persName id="def1-21-19110207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-21-19110207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19110207" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19110207" type="surname" value="JAMESON"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19110207" type="given" value="FERDINAND"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19110207" type="occupation" value="athlete"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMESON</hi>, Ferdinand (23, athlete)</persName>
<rs id="t19110207-21-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-21-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-21-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="kidnapping"/>, unlawfully causing
<persName id="t19110207-name-64" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-64" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-64" type="surname" value="SHAW"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-64" type="given" value="FLORENCE MAY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-21-offence-1 t19110207-name-64"/>Florence May Shaw</persName>, an unmarried girl under the age of 16 years, to be taken out of the possession and against the will of the person having the lawful care and charge of her</rs>;
<rs id="t19110207-21-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-21-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-21-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>carnally knowing the said
<persName id="t19110207-name-65" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-65" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-65" type="surname" value="SHAW"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-65" type="given" value="FLORENCE MAY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-21-offence-2 t19110207-name-65"/>Florence May Shaw</persName>, a girl over the age of 13 years and under the age of 16 years</rs>;
<rs id="t19110207-21-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-21-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-21-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="kidnapping"/>unlawfully taking the said
<persName id="t19110207-name-66" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-66" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-66" type="surname" value="SHAW"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-66" type="given" value="FLORENCE MAY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-21-offence-3 t19110207-name-66"/>Florence May Shaw</persName>, an unmarried girl under the age of 18 years, out of the possession and against the will of the person having the lawful care of her with intent that she should be carnally known.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19110207-21-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-21-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-21-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty on the first two indictments.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19110207-21-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-21-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-21-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-19110207 t19110207-21-punishment-25"/>Four months' imprisonment, second division.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110207-22">
<interp inst="t19110207-22" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110207"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-22" type="date" value="19110207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-22-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-19110207 t19110207-22-offence-1 t19110207-22-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-22-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-22-19110207 t19110207-22-offence-1 t19110207-22-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-22-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-19110207 t19110207-22-offence-2 t19110207-22-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-22-19110207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-22-19110207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19110207" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19110207" type="surname" value="PROCTOR"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19110207" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19110207" type="occupation" value="tailor"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PROCTOR</hi>, Ernest (38, tailor)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-22-19110207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-22-19110207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-22-19110207" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def2-22-19110207" type="surname" value="PROCTOR"/>
<interp inst="def2-22-19110207" type="given" value="HECTOR QUINCY"/>
<interp inst="def2-22-19110207" type="occupation" value="shop assistant"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PROCTOR</hi>, Hector Quincey</persName> (35, shop assistant),
<rs id="t19110207-22-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-22-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-22-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>both feloniously possessing a mould in and upon which were impressed the obverse and reverse sides of a shilling.</rs> </p>
<p>Ernest Proctor
<rs id="t19110207-22-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-22-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-22-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty;</rs> also to
<rs id="t19110207-22-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-22-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-22-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="habitualCriminal"/>being a habitual criminal.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Pickersgill, M.P., prosecuted; Mr. Moran defended.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS NICHOLLS</hi>. On January 13, about 10.30 a.m., I went with other officers to 13, Prebend Street, St. Pancras. In the first floor back room I saw prisoners sitting on either side of the fire. I told them we were police officers and were making inquiries respecting persons suspected of making counterfeit coin. They made no reply. I then opened the oven door and found there traces of plaster of paris. I then searched prisoner Hector and found nothing upon him. I then searched prisoner Ernest and found in his coat pocket these two moulds, which were still warm. They are both for making the same coin. Ernest said, when I had found the moulds, pointing to his</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102070018"/>
<p>brother, "He knows nothing about it." Hector said, "This is being out of work. I only came here to live because my landlady would not keep me." I then searched the room and found this pot and this metal beside the fire. They were exposed to view. I found also a quantity of tin and antimony, and a file in a tin box under a sort of table, which was hidden by a curtain. Prisoners were conveyed to Platt Street Station and charged. In reply to the charge they said "Yes."</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The only object exposed to view of the articles I found was the saucepan. The stove was a range. I think the room was used as a living room. There are no convictions against Hector. I understand he bears a good character.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CHARLES PITTS</hi> and Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">GOODWILLIE</hi> corro
<hi rend="smallCaps">BETSY PROCTOR</hi>, mother of prisoners. I occupy two rooms on the first floor with my husband. Hector came to live with us about the end of September. He slept in the back room. Ernest came to live with us on December 3. He slept with his brother.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-69" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-69" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-69" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-69" type="given" value="SIDNEY WILLIAM"/>SIDNEY WILLIAM SMITH</persName> </hi>, assistant assayer, H.M. Mint. These moulds are suitable for casting coin from some fusible metal, but they do not appear to have been used for that purpose. They are new. The articles found by the police are such as would be used by coiners for making counterfeit coin.</p>
<p>No evidence was called for the defence.</p>
<p>Verdict (H. Q. Proctor),
<rs id="t19110207-22-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-22-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-22-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GOODWILLIE</hi> (recalled) proved the following convictions against Ernest Proctor: Uttering base coin in 1899, nine months; possessing house-breaking implements, 1902, 18 months; December, 1907, four years' penal servitude. Prisoner was liberated on Decem
<lb/>ber 3, 1910, and is now on licence up to December, 1911.</p>
<rs id="t19110207-22-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-22-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-22-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-19110207 t19110207-22-punishment-26"/>Three years' penal servitude</rs> and
<rs id="t19110207-22-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-22-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-22-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="preventiveDetention"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-19110207 t19110207-22-punishment-27"/>Five years' preventive detention.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110207-23">
<interp inst="t19110207-23" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110207"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-23" type="date" value="19110207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-23-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-19110207 t19110207-23-offence-1 t19110207-23-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-23-19110207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-23-19110207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19110207" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19110207" type="surname" value="BASS"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19110207" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19110207" type="occupation" value="cabinet maker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BASS</hi>, Joseph (32, cabinet maker)</persName>
<rs id="t19110207-23-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-23-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-23-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, stealing one watch chain, the goods of
<persName id="t19110207-name-71" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-71" type="surname" value="FRANCIS"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-71" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-23-offence-1 t19110207-name-71"/>Arthur Francis</persName>, from his person.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Tully-Christie prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-72" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-72" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-72" type="surname" value="FRANCIS"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-72" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR FRANCIS</persName> </hi>, 49, Myddelton Square, N. On January 16, about 7.30 p.m., I was going home from John Street. At the corner of Chadwell Street and Myddelton Square prisoner was standing. He grabbed my chain, which broke at the swivel, and the bar. My waist
<lb/>coat was torn open from top to bottom. I ran after him, crying "Stop, thief!" I was running on the pavement of the inner circle of the square and as I just got to the corner he doubled back. A policeman was in the passage there and prisoner found he could not get through. I ran after him. The policeman was quicker than I was. By the time I got to the other side of the square prisoner was in the arms of the policeman. Between the man and myself the pave
<lb/>ment was clear. There is no question about who it was.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by prisoner. I do not know if you had an overcoat on; it was in the dark hour of the night. You ran towards the passage</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102070019"/>
<p>of Sadler's Wells Theatre, going out of John Street. There have been several troubles there and they have placed a policeman there. It is about 20 yards from the corner where I turned round to the passage. I did not see the constable before I called "Stop, thief!" I could not see your face.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ERNEST LENNARD</hi>, 500 G. I was on duty in Myddelton Passage at 7.30 p.m. on January 16. I heard a cry of "Stop, thief!" coming from the direction of Chadwell Street. I went towards the square and saw prisoner running towards me. Directly he saw me he ran back. I followed and caught him before he got out of the square. He was then walking. He had stopped running. When prosecutor came up he said prisoner had stolen his chain and I took prisoner to the station. The chain was found by me in the gardens of the square.</p>
<p>To prisoner. When I came up behind you I said, "You are the man. You said I had made a mistake. That was 60 or 70 yards from when I first saw you."</p>
<p>Prisoner's statement." Cautioned. Says 'I left home last night at 7 o'clock. I was coming round the square when the constable arrested me and said that the gentleman had lost his chain and I was the one who had done it. I said it was a mistake. I had only just left home.' "</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-73" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-73" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-73" type="surname" value="BASS"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-73" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH BASS</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath). I came away from home at a quarter to six on January 16. I was going to Sadler's Wells Theatre, the first performance. When I got there it was about 20 past 7, and being rather late for the performance, I altered my mind and was going to see the proprietor of the "Vernon Arms." I then went to the top of the turning, where Sadler's Wells Theatre is, and went to the right of the square to make my way to Pentonville Road. About three yards from the corner a man rushed by me with an overcoat and cap on. I took no notice. Ten to 15 yards from the corner I heard someone behind me. I turned and saw the constable. He said, "You are the man that is running." I told him I had not been running and that he had made a mistake. He said, "Wait a minute." I waited about two minutes. The prosecutor came up and then the con
<lb/>stable took me to the station. When they charged me prosecutor said he did not see my face; he only saw my cap; he said the man stole his chain. Surely he ought to recognise him by some more means. I am entirely innocent of the charge.</p>
<rs id="t19110207-23-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-23-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-23-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>A previous conviction was proved.</p>
<rs id="t19110207-23-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-23-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-23-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-19110207 t19110207-23-punishment-28"/>Nine months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110207-24">
<interp inst="t19110207-24" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110207"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-24" type="date" value="19110207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-24-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-24-19110207 t19110207-24-offence-1 t19110207-24-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-24-19110207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-24-19110207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19110207" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19110207" type="surname" value="HODGES"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19110207" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19110207" type="occupation" value="porter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HODGES</hi>, James (25, porter)</persName>
<rs id="t19110207-24-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-24-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-24-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, robbery with violence upon
<persName id="t19110207-name-75" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-75" type="surname" value="COVINGTON"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-75" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-24-offence-1 t19110207-name-75"/>Alfred Covington</persName> and stealing from him 15s., his moneys.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. May prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">B. SMITH</hi>, 172 G. At 1 a.m. on January 27 I was on duty in Farringdon Road. I saw prisoner and other men trying to get a drunken man into a hansom cab. He declined to get into the cab and pulled himself away from them. Prisoner and the others then</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102070020"/>
<p>rushed at him and took him a few yards further along and got him fixed against a coffee stall. Prisoner got his arm round the drunken man's neck and had his right hand in his left breast pocket. I heard some money drop in the carriage-way. I then arrested prisoner. I told him I was a police officer. He commenced struggling and told me I had better let him go. When he was charged he made no reply.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-76" type="surname" value="COVINGTON"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-76" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED COVINGTON</persName> </hi>, 26, Market Street, Wellingborough, salesman. I was not quite sober on the morning of January 7. I was having some whelks at a barrow; prisoner came and looked at me and just afterwards, when I had finished my whelks and was going off, some
<lb/>body caught me from behind and emptied my pockets. He put his arm round my neck and held my head up; another hand was digging at my waistcoat pocket here and I felt also a number of them at my trousers pocket. I struggled and when I got loose I found two pockets sticking out, empty. I lost about 15s.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by prisoner. When you were charged with robbing me and I was charged with drunkenness I said if I thought you were the man I would have a go at you. I know you are not the man that went down my trousers pocket. For the defence two witnesses were called, who did not answer.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-77" type="surname" value="HODGES"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-77" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES HODGES</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath). I am perfectly innocent of the charge, and leave myself to your mercy.</p>
<rs id="t19110207-24-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-24-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-24-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Previous convictions were proved.</p>
<rs id="t19110207-24-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-24-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-24-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-24-19110207 t19110207-24-punishment-29"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUDGE RENTOUL</hi>. (Wednesday, February 8.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110207-25">
<interp inst="t19110207-25" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110207"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-25" type="date" value="19110207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-25-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-19110207 t19110207-25-offence-1 t19110207-25-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-25-19110207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-25-19110207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19110207" type="surname" value="HARRISON"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19110207" type="given" value="ALFRED HORACE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRISON</hi>, Alfred Horace</persName>,
<rs id="t19110207-25-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-25-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-25-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> that,
<rs id="t19110207-25-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-25-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-25-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bankrupcy"/>being an undis
<lb/>charged bankrupt, he did obtain credit to the extent of £20 and upwards from
<persName id="t19110207-name-79" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-79" type="surname" value="GETHEN"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-79" type="given" value="HENRY HERBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-25-offence-1 t19110207-name-79"/>Henry Herbert Gethen</persName> and from
<persName id="t19110207-name-80" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-80" type="surname" value="CROSSTHWAITE"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-80" type="given" value="HERBERT FREDERICK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-25-offence-1 t19110207-name-80"/>Herbert Frederick Crosthwaite</persName> and others, without informing them that he was an undis
<lb/>charged bankrupt.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19110207-25-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-25-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-25-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-19110207 t19110207-25-punishment-30"/>It was stated that prisoner was suffering from cancer in the throat and would shortly have to undergo an operation. He was released on his own recognisances in £5 to come up for judgment if called upon.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110207-26">
<interp inst="t19110207-26" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110207"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-26" type="date" value="19110207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-26-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-19110207 t19110207-26-offence-1 t19110207-26-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-26-19110207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-26-19110207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19110207" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19110207" type="surname" value="GRAYSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19110207" type="given" value="MILTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19110207" type="occupation" value="sailor"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GRAYSON</hi>, Milton (23, sailor)</persName>
<rs id="t19110207-26-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-26-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-26-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, indicted for feloniously wounding and causing grievous bodily harm to
<persName id="t19110207-name-82" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-82" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-82" type="surname" value="WASHINGTON"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-82" type="given" value="WALTER EUGENE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-26-offence-1 t19110207-name-82"/>Walter Eugene Washington</persName>, with intent to do him some grievous bodily harm,</rs>
<rs id="t19110207-26-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-26-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-26-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>pleaded guilty of unlawful wounding.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19110207-26-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-26-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-26-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-19110207 t19110207-26-punishment-31"/>It being stated that prisoner, who is a sailor in the American Fleet, would be taken back to his ship, he was released on his own recog
<lb/>nisances in £5 to come up for judgment if called upon.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102070021"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MR. JUSTICE AVORY</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, February 9.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110207-27">
<interp inst="t19110207-27" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110207"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-27" type="date" value="19110207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-27-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-27-19110207 t19110207-27-offence-1 t19110207-27-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-27-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-27-19110207 t19110207-27-offence-2 t19110207-27-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-27-19110207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-27-19110207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19110207" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19110207" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19110207" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19110207" type="occupation" value="tailor"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SMITH</hi>, Walter (30, tailor)</persName>,
<rs id="t19110207-27-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-27-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-27-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> of
<rs id="t19110207-27-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-27-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-27-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="extortion"/>(1) sending to
<persName id="t19110207-name-84" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-84" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-84" type="surname" value="D'AMBRUMENIL"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-84" type="given" value="DAISY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-27-offence-1 t19110207-name-84"/>Daisy d'Ambrumenil</persName> a letter demanding money with menaces; </rs>(2)
<rs id="t19110207-27-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-27-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-27-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="extortion"/>demanding with menaces from her certain moneys with intent to steal the same.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Muir prosecuted</p>
<rs id="t19110207-27-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-27-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-27-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-27-19110207 t19110207-27-punishment-32"/>20 months' hard labour</rs>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi> THE RECORDER.</p>
<p>(Thursday, February 9.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110207-28">
<interp inst="t19110207-28" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110207"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-28" type="date" value="19110207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-28-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28-19110207 t19110207-28-offence-1 t19110207-28-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-28-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28-19110207 t19110207-28-offence-2 t19110207-28-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-28-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-28-19110207 t19110207-28-offence-2 t19110207-28-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-28-19110207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-28-19110207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19110207" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19110207" type="surname" value="ROSE"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19110207" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19110207" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROSE</hi>, William (37, clerk)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-28-19110207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-28-19110207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-28-19110207" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def2-28-19110207" type="surname" value="FERDINANDO"/>
<interp inst="def2-28-19110207" type="given" value="FREDERICK EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="def2-28-19110207" type="occupation" value="agent"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FERDINANDO</hi>, Frederick Edward</persName> 35, agent);
<rs id="t19110207-28-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-28-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-28-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>Rose, having been entrusted with certain property, to wit, the sum of 5s., for the purpose of issuing a plaint, did fraudulently convert the same to his own use and benefit; Rose, having received the sum of of 16s. 9d., on account of
<persName id="t19110207-name-87" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-87" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-87" type="surname" value="HARTGROVE"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-87" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-28-offence-1 t19110207-name-87"/>Mary Ann Hartgrove</persName>, did fraudu
<lb/>lently convert the same to his own use and benefit;</rs>
<rs id="t19110207-28-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-28-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-28-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>both unlawfully conspiring together to obtain by false pretences, with intent to cheat and defraud, the sums 10s. 6d., the moneys of the
<persName id="t19110207-name-88" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-88" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-28-offence-2 t19110207-name-88"/>London and Lanca
<lb/>shire Fire Insurance Company</persName>; £3 3s., the moneys of the
<persName id="t19110207-name-89" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-89" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-28-offence-2 t19110207-name-89"/>Builders Accident Insurance, Limited</persName>; £2 2s., the moneys of
<persName id="t19110207-name-90" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-90" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-90" type="surname" value="CRESSEY"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-90" type="given" value="LEONARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-28-offence-2 t19110207-name-90"/>Leonard Cressey</persName>, £2 4s. 6d., the moneys of Leonard Cressey; and £2 2s., the moneys of Leonard Cressey; both unlawfully conspiring together to fraudulently convert to their own use and benefit the sum of £2, the moneys of
<persName id="t19110207-name-91" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-91" type="surname" value="BARBER"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-91" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-28-offence-2 t19110207-name-91"/>William Barber</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Bodkin and Mr. E. C. P. Boyd prosecuted; Mr. Martin O'Connor defended Rose; Mr. St. John McDonald defended Ferdinando.</p>
<p>The conspiracy indictment was proceeded with.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-92" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-92" type="surname" value="MEZA"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-92" type="given" value="JACOB DE"/>JACOB DE MEZA</persName> </hi>, partner with David de Meza, Leeds Place, Tolling
<lb/>ton Park, cigar manufacturers, owner of 11, Stroud Green Road. Towards the end of August the two prisoners met me outside my factory. Rose said he had seen the upper floor at 11, Stroud Green Road, and that he thought it would suit him as a Solicitor's office. They came into the office and Boyd offered me a card, "F. Meredith Day, solicitor." and an address in Hornsey Road. He agreed to take the office and said he was going away, and his clerk (Ferdinando) would attend to it. I asked for a reference, which was given, and which I found satisfactory. A few days later Ferdinando called; I said I would accept Mr. Day as a tenant, and produced agreement for three years at a weekly rental of 14s. Ferdinando proposed to take the agreement away to be signed; I objected to that. I wanted to see it signed by Mr. Day. On September 10 Rose signed the agree
<lb/>ment in the name of Frank Meredith Day, the signature being attested "F. E. Ferdinando" by the other prisoner in my presence. I should</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102070022"/>
<p>not have let the premises but that I thought Day's statements were true.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Rose said he wanted the premises as a solicitor's office. I did not send a copy of the agreement to Mr. Day—it was overlooked. I believe I made a remark that it was Mr. Day, of York Buildings, Adelphi, having looked up the name in the directory.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-93" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-93" type="surname" value="KENDRICK"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-93" type="given" value="ANNIE MARGARET"/>ANNIE MARGARET KENDRICK</persName> </hi>, 98, Bemerton Street, Caledonian Road, spinster. In the beginning of 1910 a canvasser called at my shop with circular of the North London Legal Aid Society for the Protection of Tradesmen, Workmen, and Servants, the subscription to which was 1d. per annum, which I paid, and received receipt" 312, Hornsey Road, North. Upon production of this card Miss Kendrick, of 98, Bemerton Street, having paid the sum of 1d., is a member of the above Society, is entitled to Legal Advice during 1910 by the solicitor to the above Society on any Tuesday or Thursday evening at 7 p.m. Manager and Secretary F. E. Ferdinando."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-94" type="surname" value="BARBER"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-94" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BARBER</persName> </hi>, 110, Fonthill Road, Hornsey. I am 15 years of age, and in 1910 was employed by the Eatwell Griffin Hygienic Laun
<lb/>dry Company as a vanboy at 5s. a week. On July 20, 1910, I fell from the loft, broke my collar bone, and was taken to the hospital. Shortly afterwards Rose called at my home, gave me a card, and said he was Meredith Day, and that he had come about the money which I was to receive from the laundry for the accident. He had seen my uncle. We went to see Mr. Rathbone, the manager at the laun
<lb/>dry, who paid Rose 30s. Rose afterwards paid my mother 25s. Rose said he would get £2 further compensation. I have called several times for it. I saw Day, he said he was going down to get it. When I went for it he said he was waiting to see whether my mother wanted it. I told him she did. I afterwards went to 11, Stroud Green Road, about six times and saw both the defendants. Rose showed me receipt (produced) which he said was to be signed. I have never signed any receipt and have no further money.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The 30s. was for the first six weeks' wages. My mother did not think £2 was sufficient. She never refused to take the £2.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-95" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-95" type="surname" value="PHILIPS"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-95" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK PHILIPS</persName> </hi>, Claims Inspector, London and Lancashire Fire Insurance Company, 76, King William Street. I received letter of August 30 from "F. Meredith Day, solicitor of oaths, 296, Hornsey Road, Islington, "claiming compensation under the Workmen's Com
<lb/>pensation Act for the accident to William Barber, signed "F. Mere
<lb/>dith Day." After inquiries I called at Day's office in Hornsey Road, was directed to 11, Stroud Green Road, and saw Rose. He said, "I am very glad you have called over this small matter—I have had a lot of trouble with it. I have been down to see your policyholder, and the manager was rather rude." I agreed to pay £2 compensation and 10s. 6d. solicitor's costs. The next day I forwarded cheque (produced) for £2 10s. 6d. to Day at 11, Stroud Green Road. The cheque has been honoured, and is endorsed "F. M. Day—Joseph Rose." I believed Rose was a solicitor and named Meredith Day or I should not have paid solicitor's costs.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102070023"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-96" type="surname" value="EARLE"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-96" type="given" value="EDWIN JOHN"/>EDWIN JOHN EARLE</persName> </hi>, manager, Farrow's Bank, Limited, 290, Holloway Road. I produce certified extract of the account of "Joseph Rose" with my bank. On September 26 there was a credit balance of 5s. 6d. On September 30 £2 13s. was paid in by cheque produced for £2 10s. 6d. and cash 2s. 6d. On the same date cheque for £2 7s. was drawn in favour of Kent, leaving a credit balance of 11s. 6d.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-97" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-97" type="surname" value="BROWNE"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-97" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES A. BROWNE</persName> </hi>, Secretary, Builders' Accident Insurance Com
<lb/>pany, Limited, 30 and 31, Bedford Street, Strand. Inward and Lovell, builders and contractors, are insured with my company in respect of damages under the Workmen's Compensation Act. On June 24 they forwarded letter produced from F. Meredith Day claim
<lb/>ing compensation for an accident to J. H. Brown. On July 2 I received letter from Day suggesting a settlement. On August 29 Rose called on me, handed me card produced of "F. Meredith Day, Solicitor and Advocate, 296, Hornsey Road." I arranged with him to pay £25 damages and £3 3s. solicitors' costs. Agreement produced was drawn up, which was signed by J. H. Brown on September 8 and witnessed by "F. Meredith Day." On September 20 I sent cheque produced for £3 3s. to Day, the £25 compensation having been paid to the Bloomsbury County Court. The cheque has been honoured and is endorsed "F. Meredith Day—Joseph Rose," apparently in two different handwritings. I should not have paid the £3 3s. unless I had believed that Rose was the solicitor for Brown, entitled to receive it.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Negotiations were going on between July 2 and September 8—about six letters passed. Solicitors' clerks frequently negotiate the amount of compensation.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-98" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-98" type="surname" value="BARBER"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-98" type="given" value="MARIA"/>MARIA BARBER</persName> </hi>, mother of William Barber. I received 25s. from Rose at his office in Hornsey Road in connection with my son's acci
<lb/>dent. I have had no further money, and no sum has been offered me. I called at Day's office several times, both at 296, Hornsey Road, and 11, Stroud Green Road, and Rose once. He told me the insurance company had awarded me £2. I said I would take it. I once saw Ferdinando—he told me not to be in a hurry, the case would go on all right.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I called about 10 times. I never saw the real Meredith Day. Rose told me at 11, Stroud Green Road, that he had not yet received the money from the company—that was in September.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HORACE BAKER</hi>, 41 N. I have been gaoler at North London Police Court for 20 years. No one is allowed to see prisoners except solicitors and counsel, who fill up and sign a special form. On September 7 Ferdinando applied to see a prisoner named Betts. I asked him who he was. He said, "I am Mr. Meredith Day's manag
<lb/>ing clerk." I told him he could not see the prisoner, but Mr. Mere
<lb/>dith Day could. He asked me to tell Betts to ask for a further remand, and Mr. Meredith Day would see him in Brixton Prison the next day. I said, "I cannot be the means of a man shutting himself up, but you can go into Court and inform the magistrate." He went into Court and sat there for some time, but before Betts was brought</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102070024"/>
<p>in the left. Mr. Meredith Day's managing clerk was called for, and Betts was put back. At about 2 p.m the same day Rose asked to see the prisoner Betts. I handed him form produced, which he filled in and signed "F. Meredith Day, certificated solicitor," and he went with a counsel and saw Betts.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. A solicitor's clerk sometimes would go in with a barrister to see a prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-99" type="surname" value="CRESSEY"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-99" type="given" value="LEONARD"/>LEONARD CRESSEY</persName> </hi>, 347, Seven Sisters Road, shop assistant. On October 25, 1910, I with my father and my two brothers were arrested for conspiracy, brought up at North London Police Court, and re
<lb/>manded—I was on bail but my father remained in custody. On November 3 Rose called at our shop, saw my mother andmyself, and said, "I have come down from Mr. Cressey" (my father) "from Brixton Prison," and showed me paper signed by my father retaining Day as solicitor. He produced a card and said, "I am F. Meredith Day, a solicitor." We discussed the case; he agreed to appear for us and said, "My fee is £2 2s.," which I paid him and he gave me receipt produced signed "F. Meredith Day." The following day I attended at the Police Court, a barrister appeared on our behalf and Rose was present. We were again remanded. On November 10 Rose again called at our shop, asked for a further fee, and was paid £2 2s. and 2s. 6d. for bail fee. We again attended at the Court on Novem
<lb/>ber 10 and were remanded to the 17th. On that day Ferdinando, whom I had not seen before, called and said, "I have called on behalf of Mr. Meredith Day and I want £2 2s." He produced receipt and Day's card. He said that Mr. Day was away on another case at Peter
<lb/>borough. I refused to pay him and saw him again in Court. He asked me again for the £2 2s. We were represented by counsel instructed by Ferdinando; we were again remanded and I then paid Ferdinando £1 18s., for which he gave me receipt produced, signed "F. Meredith Day." That evening Ferdinando called and I paid him 4s., the balance of the fee. Before our next appearance at Court Ferdinando called at our shop with another solicitor named Edgar Searle; he said there had been trouble up at the office and so he had brought Mr. Searle instead of Day, as he did not want to see us left without anybody. I paid Mr. Searle 25s. We were committed for trial at Newington Sessions. No one appeared to defend us. I was convicted and bound over.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. On the three occasions when I paid the two guineas counsel appeared for me at the Police Court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-100" type="surname" value="DAY"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-100" type="given" value="FRANCIS MEREDITH"/>FRANCIS MEREDITH DAY</persName> </hi>, 63, Claverton Street, Pimlico. I have been a solicitor for 23 years and am now practising at 86, Brixton Road. From 1894 to 1907 I did not take out my certificate, the annual payment for which is £9. In April, 1910, I was introduced to the two prisoners in an Ærated Bread shop in Holborn. Ferdinando was manager of the Legal Aid Society. He retained me as solicitor at a salary of £1 a week. In May, 1910, I took an office at 296, Hornsey Road, which was furnished by Ferdinando. I engaged him as manag
<lb/>ing clerk at a salary of £3 a week. About June Rose entered my</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102070025"/>
<p>employment as assistant clerk at a salary of £2 a week. I had a brass plate put upon the dor of 296, Hornsey Road (produced), with my name, "F. Meredith Day, Solicitor, Commissioner for Oaths." In July I terminated by letter Ferdinando's services to me—I continued as solicitor to the Legal Aid Society. I addressed my letter to Ferdi
<lb/>nando at 312 or 314, Hornsey Road, and posted it myself. I produce copy of the letter. I had no answer, but in the course of the week he told me he had received it. Rose then became my managing clerk until September 16, when I gave up my offices at 296, Hornsey Road, by giving a week's notice to the landlord. I told Rose I was shutting up my offices and I should not requite him any more—that was about a fortnight before September 16. I removed the few papers that were there; there was no business pending as far as I knew; Rose told me that the cases had been finished. During August I called at 296, Hornsey Road, once or twice a week and saw anybody who was sent by the Legal Aid Society. I told Ferdinando I was not going to have anything more to do with the society—I cannot give a date for this, but it was after I had written dismissing Ferdinando. I told the landlord at 296 to take my plate down and keep it in his shop until I called for it. The rent, which was 14s. a week, was paid out of the business. I only kept a letter book there. I know nothing of the taking of 11, Stroud Green Road; the agreement is not signed by me, it is signed in my name by Rose, and attested by Ferdinando. I gave no one authority to put my plate up or my name up on the windows at 11, Stroud Green Road. On October 25 I heard something and went to 11, Stroud Green Road. The office boy said, "Mr. Day is out." I said, "I rather fancy Mr. Day is here." I went into the officeand wrote letter, of which I produce copy, "63, Claverton Street, October 25, '10. Sir,—May I inquire who authorised you to open this office in my name, receive money in my name, and generally act as if you were me? I presume you are aware that there is a penalty for acting without being qualified. I shall be at home to
<lb/>morrow at 10.30 if you have any explanation to give.—Yours truly, F. Meredith Day. To Mr. William Rose." The next morning I got letter from Rose produced, "I regret that not having received your letter in sufficient time, I was unable to keep the appointment you made. I shall be pleased to see you and will be at the 'Rainbow,' Fleet Street, to
<lb/>morrow morning at 11." It is written on notepaper headed with my name—I gave no authority for it. I did not go to the "Rainbow," and the next day complained to the Incorporated Law Society. I had no knowledge of Barber's claim and received no money in connection with the case. I had no knowledge of any claim by Brown for any damages from the Builders' Accident Insur
<lb/>ance Company and never received £3 3s. costs. The cheques produced are endorsed by Rose in my name without my authority. I had no knowledge that he had a banking account in the name of Joseph Rose. I knew nothing of Cressey and gave no authority to the prisoners to engage counsel or to act in my name. Letters relating to those cases were written without my knowledge or authority. I authorised Ferdinando to take the office at 296, Hornsey Road, and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102070026"/>
<p>became the tenant under the arrangement made by him with the landlord.</p>
<p>(Friday, January 10.)</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. O'Connor. When the 296, Hornsey Road office was opened I had no clients in that district, but anticipated business introduced by Ferdinando. There is nothing illegal in a solicitor opening an office and appointing a clerk to transact the busi
<lb/>ness on the solicitor's behalf provided he acts under the solicitor's supervision. I did not leave the conduct of business to Ferdinando—I called at the office two or three times a week, had a report of what took place, and approved of it generally. I looked at the letter book. I did not see letter of June 24 referring to Barber's matter or the letter referring to Brown's claim in the letter book. I looked at the letter book in June and July. I only authorised Rose and Ferdinando to sign my name "per pro."; all the letters in the book are signed "F. Meredith Day" by Rose or Ferdinando. I repeatedly com
<lb/>plained to them and told them they ought to sign "per pro." I gave up the office because there was not sufficient business. I said at the Police Court that I had authorised Ferdinando to sign the agreement taking 296, Hornsey Road. The 14s. a week was paid out of the business for about four months. I may be mistaken—the rent of 296, Hornsey Road, may have been 8s. 6d. a week. I know nothing about the taking of the offices at 11, Stroud Green Road, and when I spoke of the rent being 14s. I did not know that that was the rent of 11, Stroud Green Road. I had a letter from Davis, the landlord of 296, Hornsey Road, in reply to my notice, I think from 296, Kentish Town Road. I cannot produce it. I wrote to him from 86, Brixton Hill. I keep a letter book; it contains no copy of the notice. The Legal Aid Society's office was at 312, Hornsey Road—Ferdinando lived there. I never said I lived at 314, Hornsey Road. I have never lived in the north of London. I paid £2 10s. for the brass plate; it was paid for out of the business. Receipt (produced) for 15s. is apparently the sum paid by Ferdinando for putting the plate up. I gave up practising as a solicitor because I became managing clerk for four years to Kingsbury and Turner, of Brixton Hill—1896 to 1900. I was afterwards managing clerk to Bird and Eldridge for about three and a half years, and for a year to Mr. Morrell, solicitor, Great Western Road. I then took my certificate out in the summer of 1907. I was not in the Law List of 1908. I had my certificate up to Decem
<lb/>ber, 1909—I took it out in April, 1910. I was not entitled to practice between January 1 and April 26, 1910, when I succeeded in borrowing some money to take out my certificate. The agreement with Ferdinando was to pay me £1 a week as solicitor to the Legal Aid Society. It was not £52 a year. I have not the retainer which Ferdinando gave me—I had borrowed some money temporarily from Ferdinando and gave him the retainer as security. I did not give him an I.O.U. because I preferred to do it in that way. A copy of the retainer, dated April 11, 1910, stating, "Referring to our interview, I hereby retain you to act as my solicitor, and in consideration of your advising me</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102070027"/>
<p>on all legal matters I agree to pay you the retainer of £52 a year, the same to be paid weekly, and this retainer not to be determined under three months' notice in writing.—Yours truly, F. E. Ferdi
<lb/>nando," was put to me at the Police Court. I said it was apparently a copy of the retainer. In July Ferdinando had a judgment debt on which the sheriff recovered £11 11s., which was paid to me on August 12, as Ferdinando's solicitor, while he was away on his holi
<lb/>days. I have not accounted to him for it—it was due to me as costs. Ferdinando was paid his £3 a week out of the profits of the business. If there had been no profit I should have had money to pay him. In May or June I had a judgment against me and a committal order. I have not paid it yet. I have never seen Darter or Brien. I did not see them at 11, Stroud Green Road; I have never been there except on the day I left the letter to Rose there. I was responsible for the office and business up to September 16. Rose then verbally reported to me that there was nothing pending.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. McDonald. Ferdinando always had his £3 a week out of the business. I received the balance after expenses had been paid—it was very little—about on the average 10s. a week. wrote a letter on July 18 terminating Ferdinando's services. I have no copy of it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FRANK PAGE</hi>, Y Division. I received certain instructions and kept observation on 11, Stroud Green Road, from October 23 until November 19. I never saw Day there. The name F. Meredith Day was up on the plate and across the two windows. On November 19 I had a warrant for the arrest of Rose, and saw him and Ferdinando in Stroud Green Road. Inspector Neale was with me and we all went to the office at No. 11. Ferdinando was sitting near the window close to a table on which were a number of papers. I saw him take certain papers from the table and put them in his overcoat pocket. I said, "Give me those papers, you must not touch anything." He said, "What papers?" I said, "Those papers you have just put in your pocket." He said, "I have not any." I then took the papers (produced) from his pocket; there are two re
<lb/>ceipts in reference to the Barber case. I said, "I shall have to make some inquiry about this." He denied that I had taken them from his pocket. I found a number of letters (produced) in relation to the cases of Barber and others.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CHARLES GOODCHILD</hi>, Y Division. On November 25 at 6.30 p.m. I saw Ferdinando at 314, Hornsey Road, and arrested him on a warrant charging him with conspiring with William Rose, in custody, in obtaining 10s. 6d. by false pretences. He said, "I wrote the letters at the instigation of Rose. I have conducted his correspondence for him. I have never touched any money. I did not know there had been a settlement in the Barber case." At the police station I read the warrant to him. He said, "I know abso
<lb/>lutely nothing about it." When the charge was read over he said, "I deny most positively that I have ever seen the money of any letters in connection with the settlement." On November 19 I was with Page when he arrested Rose. I saw Ferdinando take some papers</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102070028"/>
<p>from a basket on the table and put them in his pocket; Page took them away from him. They are three documents (produced).</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-101" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-101" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-101" type="surname" value="HORSWELL"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-101" type="given" value="JESSIE"/>JESSIE HORSWELL</persName> </hi>, 41, Lordship Lane, Tottenham, manageress to L. Moore, tobacconist, 11, Stroud Green Road. The first floor of 11, Stroud Green Road was let as a solicitor's office to Meredith Day, whom I have always understood to be the prisoner Rose. I saw Fer
<lb/>dinando there occasionally. I never saw Day there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-102" type="surname" value="ROSE"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-102" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM ROSE</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I have been 20 years a solici
<lb/>tor's clerk. In March, 1910, I was introduced to Day by a friend of his, named Oliver. In March, 1910, Ferdinando was running a Legal Aid Society for which a solicitor named Riches was acting, with whom Ferdinando was not satisfied; he asked me to introduce another solicitor, and I introduced Day to Ferdinando. Day said he had not money enough to take out his certificate. Ferdinando and I went to Somerset House, and he paid £9 for Day's certificate. Day then asked Ferdinando for another sovereign, saying it would be necessary to pay a registration fee to the Law Society. Ferdinando gave him the sovereign. I went to the Law Society and found Day had not paid the fee, and that there was no such fee payable. I afterwards found Day in Short's wine shop; he had not paid the sovereign; he wanted me to take 5s. out of it. Later on in March Day came to 312, Hornsey Road, and arranged to take Ferdinando as managing clerk. At his request I drew up a letter which Day signed, appointed Ferdinando as managing clerk with full authority to sign his name. It was arranged that Ferdinando should open a banking account in Day's name. Day said he had not a banking account because he was afraid it might be garnisheed for various judg
<lb/>ment debts against him. I drafted a retainer, of which copy has been put in and Ferdinando signed it. I was appointed as assistant clerk at £2 a week. I never got my £2 a week. Day came every Friday and received his £1 a week from Ferdinando. This went on until August 10, when Ferdinando went away for his holidays—on August 11 or 12 Day received a cheque from Newton, the sheriff's officer, for £11 11s. He told me he meant keeping it. It was in pay
<lb/>ment of a debt which Ferdinando had purchased. No law costs were due to Day. He came to 296, Hornsey Road and told me he had paid two or three week's rent at 8s. 6d. a week, he gave me 10s. and told me he had left 5s. at a coffee house for my benefit and a further 5s. at the "Plough Hotel" for me in case I was thirsty and wanted a drink. Up to August 25 Day was almost daily at the office. After that date, when Ferdinando returned from his holidays, Day never came to the office in the day time; he used to telephone appointments for me to meet him at various public-houses. About September 1 he suggested we should take better offices, and asked me to go and see No. 11, Stroud Green Road. I told Day they were suitable, and he said, "You had better take them on an agreement for three years." On September 3, with Ferdinando I called on de Meza, told him I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102070029"/>
<p>was Day's clerk, handed him Day's card, and said that I wished to take the offices on Day's behalf on a three years' agreement. He promised to send me the agreement by post, which he did—I showed it to Day. He said, "You may as well sign it because if the business does not pay I can get out of it much better." I signed it in de Meza's presence as Day. De Meza knew quite well that I was Rose. A few days aferwards Ferdinando removed the furniture to 11, Stroud Green Road. De Meza never had a reference from me—I showed him the rent book. Day came to 11, Stroud Green Road twice a week, generally in the evening; he had a latch-key. He was afraid to go in the day time for fear of encountering Ferdinando. In August Day gave me a letter appointing me as managing clerk—it is amongst the papers seized by the police. I had written to the Assistant Commmissioner of Police asking for my papers, but have not been able to get them. At Day's suggestion I opened a banking account in the name of Joseph Rose—it was simply for the purpose of passing crossed cheques through. Day had accounts rendered to him showing all monies received. Day knew of the £3 3s. paid for costs on Sep
<lb/>tember 20 in Brown's matter, also the £2 10s. 6d. paid for Barber. I endorsed the cheques with his authority, paid them into Farrow's Bank; £2 7s. was drawn to pay Mr. Kent, a counsel.</p>
<p>(Monday, January 13.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-103" type="surname" value="ROSE"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-103" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM ROSE</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath) recalled. Further examined. On September 6 there were several actions pending with regard to which letters signed by Ferdinando and myself appear in the letter book, which was regularly seen by Day. I never received the letter said to have been left at Stroud Green Road by Day on October 26. On that day I received a letter asking me to meet Day at the "Mitre Tavern," Chancery Lane, and bring him £2, and I wrote letter (pro
<lb/>duced) apologising for not keeping the appointment, and stating I would be at the "Rainbow" at 12 the next day. I went there, but did not see him. I' subsequently met Day at the "Three Nuns," Aldgate, by accident. He said he was terribly pressed for money and I must get him £5. I said it was impossible, and then he said he would come down and shut the show up. He said, "I shall also expect you to be prepared to pay the £9 for my certificate in Novem
<lb/>ber." On November 29 I heard from the office boy that Day had been to the office and found he had taken away the press copy letter book and another book containing entries of moneys received and paid. With regard to the Cressey matter, I saw the elder Cressey at Brixton Prison and he gave me retainer to act for him, and said he would like me to defend his three sons who were charged with him. I told him he must have counsel and it would cost three guineas. He said he could not pay three guineas, but he could pay two guineas, and directed me to go to his wife, which I did, and she paid me the two guineas; I briefed Mr. Weller Kent, paying him £2 4s. 6d., and he appeared for the Cressey family. They were remanded on three occasions, and I received three sums of two guineas from the wife,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102070030"/>
<p>paying in each case £2 4s. 6d. to counsel and losing 10s. At the trial they pleaded guilty and were not defended by counsel. Brown's and Barber's cases as well as 10 or 12 other matters were pending when we moved to 11, Stroud Green Road. Day was aware of them and received the monies which were paid as costs.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. De Meza knew I was Rose—his evidence is false. The agreement was not signed in his presence. I did not see Ferdi
<lb/>nando put papers into his pocket—I was in the next room. I acknow
<lb/>ledged receipt of the sum of £2 10s. 6d. by a postcard, which was not copied in the letter book. The receipt for £3 3s. is signed by me as "F. Meredith Day," and is not copied into the letter book. I offered Mrs. Barber the £2 and she refuesd to take it—she said she wanted £40. She could have had the £2 at any time. Sergeant Baker is very vindictively disposed to me. He knew I was Day's clerk and admitted me to see the prisoner Betts. When I was arrested and put in the cell he said, "I have got you here at last, and I am going to make it as hot as I possibly can for you." I had had a quarrel with Jiim six months before, and had threatened to report him. After I had written the form Baker took it to the clerk, brought it back, and said, "Is he a certificated solicitor?" I said, "Yes"; then he said, "Write it down," which I did. I then saw the prisoner Betts with Mr. Broxholme, counsel. Cressey was not present when I received the £2 2s. from his mother—his evidence is absolute invention. I never said Day was at Peterborough.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-104" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-104" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-104" type="given" value="HARRY"/>HARRY COLLINS</persName> </hi>, clerk to Mr. Broxholme, barrister. I knew Rose when he was managing clerk to McColl and Brooks, Lewisham. On September 7 he rung me up and asked if I had anyone in chambers who could defend a prisoner at North London Police Court. I found that Mr. Broxholme could go and he and I met Rose at the Police Court. Rose asked Mr. Broxholme if he would see the prisoner. The jailor handed Rose a form to sign, which he did. The jailor then took it to the clerks' office, returned, and said, "Is he a certified solicitor?" Rose said "Yes," and wrote something on the form. Rose and Mr. Broxholme then saw Betts in the cell.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-105" type="surname" value="DARTER"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-105" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES DARTER</persName> </hi>, 63, Romney Road, Finsbury Park, packer. In June last I had an action for compensation, which was in Day's office and was pending until November 19. I saw Day about it on four occasions at 11, Stroud Green Road, during October. I went to Day in consequence of seeing the advertisement of the North London Legal Aid Society.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-106" type="surname" value="HOPE"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-106" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED HOPE</persName> </hi>, 46, Trinity Square, house agent. In the evening of October 6 or 7 I went to see Ferdinando at 11, Stroud Green Road, to get his assistance as a bailiff. I there saw Day and Rose.</p>
<p>Cross-examined.' I had never seen Day before—I recognised him at the Police Court, where I went out of curiosity, knowing Ferdinando. My name is "Alfred Lott "—I have altered it for business purposes by deed poll to "Hope." I offered to become bail for Rose at the Police Court in the name of Lott. I have worked for the police in that name. I was charged in that name with feloniously receiving</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102070031"/>
<p>sewing machines and sentenced to 21 months' hard labour at South London Sessions.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-107" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-107" type="surname" value="BARNES"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-107" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES BARNES</persName> </hi>, 2, Church Row, Newington Butts, bailiff's assistant. I accompanied Hope to 11, Stroud Green Road, and saw Rose and a tall man, whom I cannot identify.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-108" type="surname" value="O'BRIEN"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-108" type="given" value="JAMES CHARLES"/>JAMES CHARLES O'BRIEN</persName> </hi>, 11, Albert Place, Hornsey Road, plumber. The last week in October or the first week in November, 1910, I saw Day at 11, Stroud Green Road. I had seen him once before there and three or four times at 296, Hornsey Road.</p>
<p>(Tuesday, February 14.)</p>
<p>Verdict (both),
<rs id="t19110207-28-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-28-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-28-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty, the Jury adding that they considered Mr. Day's conduct extremely irregular and deserving of censure.</rs> </p>
<p>(Wednesday, February 15.)</p>
<p>Rose was stated to have been convicted at South London Sessions in June, 1909, and bound over for stealing £1. Ferdinando on June 12, 1894, at Dublin, was sentenced to 12 months' hard labour. Stated to have been since respectably employed 1 as a bailiff.</p>
<p>Sentence: On the counts of obtaining money, Rose,
<rs id="t19110207-28-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-28-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-28-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28-19110207 t19110207-28-punishment-33"/>Nine months' hard labour;</rs> Ferdinando,
<rs id="t19110207-28-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-28-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-28-punishment-34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-28-19110207 t19110207-28-punishment-34"/>Six months' hard labour;</rs> on the other counts (both),
<rs id="t19110207-28-punishment-35" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-28-punishment-35" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-28-punishment-35" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28-19110207 t19110207-28-punishment-35"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28-19110207 t19110207-28-punishment-35"/>Three months' imprisonment, to run concurrently.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, February 9.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110207-29">
<interp inst="t19110207-29" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110207"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-29" type="date" value="19110207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-29-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-29-19110207 t19110207-29-offence-1 t19110207-29-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-29-19110207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-29-19110207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19110207" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19110207" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19110207" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19110207" type="occupation" value="bookseller"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRIS</hi>, John (27, bookseller)</persName>,
<rs id="t19110207-29-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-29-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-29-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19110207-29-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-29-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-29-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>of unlawfully selling to
<persName id="t19110207-name-110">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-110" type="surname" value="GILLARD"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-110" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>Joseph Gillard</persName> two obscene prints, to wit, obscene photographs, obtaining and procuring for the purpose of sale 12 obscene photo
<lb/>graphs.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19110207-29-punishment-36" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-29-punishment-36" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-29-punishment-36" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-29-19110207 t19110207-29-punishment-36"/>Three months' hard labour</rs>;
<rs id="t19110207-29-punishment-37" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-29-punishment-37" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-29-punishment-37" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-29-19110207 t19110207-29-punishment-37"/>recommended for expulsion under Aliens Act.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUDGE RENTOUL</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, February 9.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110207-30">
<interp inst="t19110207-30" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110207"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-30" type="date" value="19110207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-30-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-19110207 t19110207-30-offence-1 t19110207-30-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-30-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-30-19110207 t19110207-30-offence-1 t19110207-30-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-30-19110207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-30-19110207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19110207" type="age" value="50"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19110207" type="surname" value="WHITTINGHAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19110207" type="given" value="FRANK"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19110207" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WHITTINGHAM</hi>, Frank (50, clerk)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-30-19110207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-30-19110207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-30-19110207" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def2-30-19110207" type="surname" value="BUTTERS"/>
<interp inst="def2-30-19110207" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<interp inst="def2-30-19110207" type="occupation" value="upholsterer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BUTTERS</hi>, Arthur (33, upholsterer)</persName>
<rs id="t19110207-30-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-30-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-30-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, both obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t19110207-name-113" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-113" type="surname" value="PUGH"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-113" type="given" value="WARREN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-30-offence-1 t19110207-name-113"/>Warren Pugh</persName> one postal order for 20s., with intent to defraud; both obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t19110207-name-114" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-114" type="surname" value="MCCARTHY"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-114" type="given" value="EGERTON"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-30-offence-1 t19110207-name-114"/>Egerton McCarthy</persName> one cheque for £1, with intent to defraud; both obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t19110207-name-115" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-115" type="surname" value="AVERILL"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-115" type="given" value="KENNETH GLASSPOOL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-30-offence-1 t19110207-name-115"/>Kenneth Glasspool Averill</persName> one cheque for £1, the moneys of the
<persName id="t19110207-name-116" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-116" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-30-offence-1 t19110207-name-116"/>Bishop of London</persName>, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102070032"/>
<p>Mr. Robert Simpson prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HENRY GARRARD</hi>, G Division. At 9.30 p.m. on January 6 I was keeping observation on 20, Sidney Street, E.C. I saw Whit
<lb/>tingbam go in and come out again with a letter in his hand. He went over to Butters and said, "All right, I have got it: here it is." Butters was opening it when he saw me, and said, "Look out. We are foxed." Whittingham put the letter in his pocket and walked away towards City Road. Butters walked in the opposite direction towards Goswell Road. I stopped Butters and told him observation had been kept on him and that I should take him into custody and charge him with being concerned with Cox in the unlawful possession of a letter. He replied, "All right." I took him to Shepherdess Walk Police Station. There was another man with Butters and I asked him to accompany me to the police station. Whittingham turned round and said, "Neither of these men knows anything about it." The letter was from Mr. Pugh and said, "One pound enclosed; acknowledge and repay promptly.—W. Pugh, January, 1911." He had also in his possession a false reference from a man called Henry Farwell, addressed to Mr. Maynard, 20, Sidney Street. Whittingham said, "The memorandum is a fraud and I am not going to give you any assistance." They also had a postal order for £1. There was also enclosed a letter, signed by Maynard, addressed to Mr. Pugh, saying his tools were in pledge and asking for the money to get them out, as he had got some work. Maynard has three young children and he is a single man. I made inquiries at President Street, St. Lukes, and found there a quantity of memorandum forms. Whit
<lb/>tingham admitted writing to the Bishop of London and said that he should plead guilty to that charge. He said Butters had nothing to do with it. Whittingham had communicated with the Bishop of London in the name of Morton and had received a cheque for £1 to pay his fare to Bolton, where, he said, he had work. I produce a book con
<lb/>taining 29 addresses where letters were received for the prisoner.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Whittingham. I admit that you gave me Mr. Pugh's address. I found a postal order when you were searched, value of 2s. 6d. The letter which you received at Sidney Street had not left your hand when you were arrested.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Butters. I was near enough to you to hear you say, "We are foxed."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK BIGGS</hi> gave evidence as to keeping observation on 20, Sidney Street, and arresting Whittingham.</p>
<p>To Whittingham. When I arrested you I said, "Where is the letter you had from the shop?" You had opened it at the time I arrested you.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-117" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-117" type="surname" value="AVERILL"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-117" type="given" value="KENNETH GLASSPOOL"/>KENNETH GLASSPOOL AVERILL</persName> </hi>, private secretary to the Bishop of London. Between December 15 and 19 I received a letter addressed to the Bishop, which I have destroyed. I wrote in reply, sending £1 to to a Mr. Mortan 28, Rodwell Terrace, to pay his fare to Bolton, thinking it was a genuine case of distress.</p>
<p>To Whittingham. I do not remember what was in the letter except that Morton said he had known the Bishop in the East End.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102070033"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ELLEN BLOODWORTH</hi>, 28, Rodwell Terrace, Islington. I know the prisoners, and have taken in letters at my shop for Butters in the name of Morton, and for Whittingham in the name of Foster. I have sometimes given Foster's letters to Morton.</p>
<p>To Whittingham. Letters did not arrive very often.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">EMILY MEARS</hi>, 31, President Street. Both prisoners have lodged with me for the last four years. I have not known Whitting
<lb/>ham do any work since the first six months that he was lodging with me. Butters has been on his sick club for about 15 months; I think he is consumptive.</p>
<p>To Whittingham. You told me you had once won £8 10s. in a competition, and some smaller amounts. I cannot say whether you work or not.</p>
<p>To Butters. I have once had to fetch a doctor for you when you had a fit. That was about three years ago.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-118" type="surname" value="MCCARTHY"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-118" type="given" value="EGERTON"/>EGERTON MCCARTHY</persName> </hi>, retired schoolmaster, 50, Harbour Road, Edg
<lb/>baston. About December 21 I received a letter signed John F. Cox, and in consequence of that letter I sent a cheque for £1 to 20, Sidney Street. I do not remember the prisoner by the name of Cox or at all. It was 35 years ago when he says he was at my school.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-119" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-119" type="surname" value="HARVEY"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-119" type="given" value="NORAH"/>NORAH HARVEY</persName> </hi>, newsagent, 20, Sidney Street. Prisoners have had letters sent to my shop in the names of Cox and Harding. Whit
<lb/>tingham is Cox; Butters is Harding. On December 24 I gave a letter to Whittingham addressed to Cox. Butters was waiting outside the shop. After Whittingham got the letter he joined Butters, and they stopped half way up the street and read something. On January 6 Whittingham came into the shop and got a letter addressed to Mr. Maynard.</p>
<p>To Whittingham. Sometimes the letters have been very frequent. To Butters. I can swear that you were with Whittingham at the time when he came into the shop on December 24.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-120" type="surname" value="JENKINS"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-120" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY JENKINS</persName> </hi>, milkman, 129, Sunderland Street, St. Lukes. I changed a cheque for £1 for Whittingham, but I did not know his name. The cheque was made out by Mr. McCarthy. Prisoner said the cheque was in payment for his work.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-121" type="surname" value="PUGH"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-121" type="given" value="WARREN"/>WARREN PUGH</persName> </hi>, retired Registrar of the Supreme Court, 8a, Stephen's Square, Bayswater. I received a letter (produced) signed W. Maynard, and in consequence of that letter I sent a postal order for £1 to him at 20, Sidney Street. I have been interested in temperance work. I sent this money as a loan.</p>
<p>To Whittingham. I do not remember being introduced to you at a temperance meeting.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-122" type="surname" value="BUTTERS"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-122" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR BUTTERS</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I have known Whittingham about six years, and for the last three years I have been sharing a room with him. I have been getting 12s. a week from my club for the last two years, which has been enough to live on. I submit that there is no evidence against me in this case.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102070034"/>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Simpson. I admit that I have been inti
<lb/>mate with Whittingham. We have each paid our own expenses. I do not know how he got his money. I do not know to whom he has sold these enamel tickets which he has made. I am a single man, and I do not know whether Whittingham is single or married. I have heard him say he has three children, but I do not know whether it is true or not.</p>
<p>To Whittingham. I came to Sidney Street because you asked me to.</p>
<rs id="t19110207-30-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-30-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-30-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="directed"/>At this stage Judge Rentoul directed the jury to find a verdict of Not guilty against Butters, who was thereupon discharged.</rs> </p>
<p>Whittingham stated from the dock that he had done nothing except force the Treasury to bring what evidence they could, so as to clear the man Butters, who was innocent.</p>
<p>Verdict (Whittingham),
<rs id="t19110207-30-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-30-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-30-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty.</rs> </p>
<p>Two previous convictions were proved and 40 letters of com
<rs id="t19110207-30-punishment-38" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-30-punishment-38" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-30-punishment-38" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-19110207 t19110207-30-punishment-38"/>18 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110207-31">
<interp inst="t19110207-31" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110207"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-31" type="date" value="19110207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-31-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-31-19110207 t19110207-31-offence-1 t19110207-31-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-31-19110207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-31-19110207" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19110207" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19110207" type="surname" value="COTTRELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19110207" type="given" value="MABEL"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19110207" type="occupation" value="dressmaker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COTTRELL</hi>, Mabel (22, dressmaker)</persName>
<rs id="t19110207-31-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-31-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-31-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t19110207-name-124" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-124" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-124" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-124" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-31-offence-1 t19110207-name-124"/>Annie Davis</persName> two dresses, from
<persName id="t19110207-name-125" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-125" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-125" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-125" type="given" value="CHRISTINA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-31-offence-1 t19110207-name-125"/>Christina Brown</persName> one costume and other articles, and from
<persName id="t19110207-name-126" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-126" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-126" type="surname" value="RUBIE"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-126" type="given" value="PAULINE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-31-offence-1 t19110207-name-126"/>Pauline Rubie</persName> one gown, in each case with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Valetta prosecuted; Mr. Roome defended.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALBERT EVE</hi>, P Division. On January 16, in the evening, I arrested prisoner at Chiswick Park Station and charged her with obtaining goods by false pretences.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have not ascertained that prisoner has been left in financial difficulties by her husband.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ANNIE DAVIS</hi>. I inserted an advertisement in a paper offer
<lb/>ing two dresses for sale, and received a reply from a Mrs. Strickland, who asked me to send them on approval, saying she would return them at once or send the money. I never received any money nor did I get back the dresses. As a result of something I saw in the news
<lb/>papers I went to an address in Sumatra Road, Hampstead, and saw prisoner who, not knowing me, offered me the two dresses. I then told her my name and threatened to give her in charge.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not know that prisoner was staying with friends at Isleworth when she wrote from that address, and she did not tell me when she moved to Hampstead.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-127" type="surname" value="TOWNSEND"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-127" type="given" value="FREDERICK JOSEPH"/>FREDERICK JOSEPH TOWNSEND</persName> </hi>, 15, The Parade, St. John's Road, Isleworth. I have taken in four or five parcels and some letters for prisoner in the name of Mrs. Strickland. I take in parcels and letters for other people.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-128" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-128" type="surname" value="LEES"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-128" type="given" value="MADELINE"/>MADELINE LEES</persName> </hi>. I bought the silk dress (produced) from the prisoner for 17s. 6d.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-129" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-129" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-129" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-129" type="given" value="CHRISTINA"/>CHRISTINA BROWN</persName> </hi>, 146, High Street, Kensington. In reply to an advertisement I received a letter from a person named Kate Light, and sent on approval the black silk dress (produced).</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102070035"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-130" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-130" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-130" type="surname" value="DIMMOCK"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-130" type="given" value="ALICE"/>ALICE DIMMOCK</persName> </hi>, 48, Galveston Road, Wandsworth. On Janu
<lb/>ary 4 prisoner came to my house and asked me to keep some rooms for her and her husband until the 16th, and in the meanwhile to take in letters and parcels for her, which I did. She came during the week for parcels, and I did not see her again until she was at the police court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-131" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-131" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-131" type="surname" value="RUBIE"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-131" type="given" value="PAULINE"/>PAULINE RUBIE</persName> </hi>. On January 7 I advertised in the "Exchange and Mart," offering an evening gown for approval, and received a letter signed E. Light, from 48, Galveston Road, Putney, asking me to send it. I sent it, putting on it the price of £3. I never received either the money or the dress.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I allowed prisoner to keep the dress for a time and then sent a telegram asking for it.</p>
<rs id="t19110207-31-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-31-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-31-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">EVE</hi>, recalled. Prisoner has never been convicted before, but there have been a large number of complaints about her.</p>
<rs id="t19110207-31-punishment-39" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-31-punishment-39" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-31-punishment-39" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-31-19110207 t19110207-31-punishment-39"/>Prisoner's husband stating that he was willing to take her back home, she was released on her own recognisances to come up for judg
<lb/>ment if called upon.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MR. JUSTICE AVORY.</hi> </p>
<p>(Friday, February 10.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110207-32">
<interp inst="t19110207-32" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110207"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-32" type="date" value="19110207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-32-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-32-19110207 t19110207-32-offence-1 t19110207-32-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-32-19110207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-32-19110207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19110207" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19110207" type="surname" value="HODDER"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19110207" type="given" value="GEORGE JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19110207" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HODDER</hi>, George James (40, clerk)</persName>
<rs id="t19110207-32-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-32-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-32-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, feloniously applying for a ballot paper in the name of a person other than himself, i.e., in the name of
<persName id="t19110207-name-133" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-133" type="surname" value="MASSETT"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-133" type="given" value="EDWARD JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-32-offence-1 t19110207-name-133"/>Edward James Massett</persName>, at the parliamentary election for the
<placeName id="t19110207-geo-2">
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-32-offence-1 t19110207-geo-2"/>Stepney Division of the Borough of the Tower Hamlets</placeName>, and so com
<lb/>mitting the offence of personation.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Clarke Half and Mr. Tully-Christie prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-134" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-134" type="surname" value="CROSS"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-134" type="given" value="JOHN CYRIL"/>JOHN CYRIL CROSS</persName> </hi>, clerk to the Returning Officer, produced certi
<lb/>ficates relating to the election and the official register of electors. In the latter the name of defendant did not appear.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by prisoner. The name appears of "James Edward Massett, 47, Baker Street, registered number, 15"; it is not "Edward James Massett."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-135" type="surname" value="OLIVER"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-135" type="given" value="WOOLF"/>WOOLF OLIVER</persName> </hi>. On December 7 I acted as personation agent at the West Ward polling station, Rutland Street; I had acted in a similar capacity at the previous general election. About 4 in the afternoon prisoner came into the polling station; I knew him by sight, but did not know his name. He asked the polling clerk for a ballot paper in the name of Edward James Massett, number 15 on the register; he was given a paper, which he filled up and put in the box in the usual way, and then went out. About an hour after he came back again; he went to the table and gave a name and number to the Conservative agent; I did not hear what it was. I said to prisoner, "You have voted before"; he said, "I have never voted; if you don't believe it I will go and fetch my polling card." He went out and I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102070036"/>
<p>followed him; I spoke to the constable on duty outside and he stopped prisoner as he was crossing the road. At that time Mr. Groves, the Liberal agent, came along. He looked at prisoner and said, "Oh, it's you, Hodder, is it?" On the second occasion prisoner did not vote or ask for a ballot paper.</p>
<p>To prisoner. In the sworn information upon which the summons in this case was granted I said you gave a name and number to the Conservative agent; I did not say you applied for a ballot paper on the second occasion. I have not seen you since January, 1910. I saw you then at the same polling station. I did not see you in June.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-136" type="surname" value="GROVES"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-136" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM GROVES</persName> </hi>, 77, Dempster Street, Stepney. I am an honorary Liberal agent. I remember the election on December 7. I was at Rutland Street between five and six. I saw Oliver coming from the polling station. I spoke to him and he pointed to prisoner, who was in front of him, and said that prisoner had tried to vote twice. I went up to prisoner and tapped him on the shoulder and said, "Hodder, my boy, I have caught you this time"; he said, "What do you mean? I have not voted." A police officer on duty at the polling station came up and I said to the witness Oliver, "Tell me all about this." Oliver told me that prisoner had been to the polling station an hour before and voted in the name of Edward James Massett and he had just come in and tried to vote again. Prisoner repeated that he had not voted. I said to the policeman, "I shall have to have this man arrested; do not let him go away; I will go in and fetch the presiding officer." I went in and spoke to the presiding officer; on our coming out, prisoner had left.</p>
<p>To prisoner. I have taken a prominent part in local political work and know you as doing the same. I am certain that I told the con
<lb/>stable not to let you go.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-137" type="surname" value="MANSFORD"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-137" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM MANSFORD</persName> </hi>. On December 7 I was polling clerk at the Rutland Street polling station. Prisoner came there about three o'clock; I asked him his name and address; he gave me the name of Massett, No. 15. I gave him a paper; he voted and put it in the ballot box and went out. He came in again at half-past six; he went to the other end of the table where the Conservative agent was. I did not hear what was said. Oliver jumped up and said, "You have voted, and if you do not go out I will have you locked up"; prisoner said he had not voted. This second time he came in limping, as if he had been drinking.</p>
<p>To the prisoner. Up to five o'clock about 400 people had voted. I recognised you because Oliver pointed you out to me. I am sure you are the man who came in on the two occasions.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-138" type="surname" value="DOWN"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-138" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM DOWN</persName> </hi>. I acted as presiding officer at Rutland Street. About six o'clock prisoner came towards the table, apparently with the intention of voting. When he was challenged by Oliver as a person who had already voted prisoner said, "I have not voted before: I shall go and fetch my polling card."He left the station and Oliver followed him. I am certain prisoner was the man.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102070037"/>
<p>To prisoner. I saw you for some three or four minutes. The time was about six, but I won't be certain to ten minutes. I will swear that I did not say to Oliver, "I do not think this is the man who came here before." I do not recollect seeing you on the first occasion.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-139" type="surname" value="MASSETT"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-139" type="given" value="JAMES EDWARD"/>JAMES EDWARD MASSETT</persName> </hi>, compositor, 47, Baker Street, Stepney. I am a voter in the Stepney division; my registered number is 15. On December 7 I attended at Rutland Street about 7.45 p.m. to vote; I was at first refused a ballot paper, but eventually was given a special pink paper and voted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-140" type="surname" value="MACMULLIN"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-140" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES W. MACMULLIN</persName> </hi>. I was Conservative agent for the Stepney division at the last election. On December 7 I was at the Conservative committee rooms in Rutland Street, almost opposite the polling station. We kept in the rooms a wall sheet showing the names of voters in the ward, and as the polling proceeded we ticked off on this sheet those reported to us as having voted. I saw prisoner in the rooms about four o'clock.</p>
<p>To prisoner. I remember, in connection with the County Council election last year your telling me that you had seen Woolf Oliver and that he was going to turn Conservative. I believe you frequently called upon him in June and July.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-141" type="surname" value="DOWN"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-141" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM DOWN</persName> </hi>, recalled. When a voter has voted we tick off his name on our register at the table. When prisoner came in at six o'clock and was challenged by Oliver we looked at the register and found that the name of Massett had been ticked. On Massett himself coming in at a quarter to eight we gave him a pink form, a "tendered ballot paper"; that is given when a voter has been personated.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-142" type="surname" value="OLIVER"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-142" type="given" value="WOOLF"/>WOOLF OLIVER</persName> </hi>, recalled. I say emphatically that I did not see prisoner in June or July.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-143" type="surname" value="HODDER"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-143" type="given" value="GEORGE JAMES"/>GEORGE JAMES HODDER</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). The first occasion on which I went into the polling station was about six o'clock. I just looked in at the door to see whether Mr. MacMullin was there, when Oliver jumped up and said, "You have already voted." I said "Non
<lb/>sense; I have not voted here nor have I intended to vote here." Oliver spoke to the policeman outside and said that I had attempted to personate. I denied it. Groves said, "Will you give me your name, and address?" I said, "With pleasure," and I did so, and then left" them. There was no suggestion as to the policeman retaining me or keeping me in sight. He left and I went away. I left home at 2.40 to see my wife in Bartholomew Hospital: I stayed at the hospital some time and got to Rutland Street at 20 to five. I went into the Conservative committee rooms to see MacMullin and as he was not there 1 went across to the polling station.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">EDWARD PARTRIDGE</hi>, 450 H (to prisoner). I was called upon by Mr. Groves to get your name and address; you gave it quite willingly. Groves did not say anything about my not letting</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102070038"/>
<p>you go away; he went back to the polling station and you went away.</p>
<rs id="t19110207-32-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-32-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-32-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110207-33">
<interp inst="t19110207-33" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110207"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-33" type="date" value="19110207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-33-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-19110207 t19110207-33-offence-1 t19110207-33-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-33-19110207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-33-19110207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19110207" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19110207" type="surname" value="HAYWARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19110207" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19110207" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HAYWARD</hi>, Joseph (26, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19110207-33-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-33-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-33-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="extortion"/>, feloniously with menaces demanding money with menaces from
<persName id="t19110207-name-145" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-145" type="surname" value="PARKINS"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-145" type="given" value="HENRY WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-33-offence-1 t19110207-name-145"/>Henry William Parkins</persName>, 5s., with intent to steal the same.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Wells Thatcher prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-146" type="surname" value="PARKINS"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-146" type="given" value="HENRY WILLIAM"/>HENRY WILLIAM PARKINS</persName> </hi>, 34, Walker Street, Limehouse. Prisoner and I are labourers in a white-lead factory. On Monday, January 9, I left home about a quater to a.m. and had got 20 yard from my door when I saw prisoner waiting for me. He said, "Give me a dollar"; I told him I had not one to spare for myself, let alone him; he then said, "Give me 2s." I said I had not got it to give him. He said, "Well, something is going to happen, you are going through it"; he rushed at me and knocked me on my back in the road. As I fell he kicked me in the face. I caught hold of his ankle, but had to let it go. I was not exactly unconscious, but half dazed; I shouted for help and he ran away. I went home and bathed my face and then reported the matter to the police and went to the hospital. I had previously lent prisoner small sums in friendship.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by prisoner. It is not true that on the previous Friday I had promised to give you 5s. on this Monday. About 14 months ago you wanted me to fight you and I refused and you gave me a black eye. I did not say to you on this Monday that I was going to give you two black eyes for the one you had given me. You did not say, "Will you give me that 5s.?" Your words were, "Give me a dollar"; it was demanding, not begging—as if you meant to get it by fair means or foul. I was, in fact, put in fear of you.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-147" type="surname" value="O'BRIEN"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-147" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH O'BRIEN</persName> </hi>, Divisional Surgeon. I saw prosecutor about 10 a.m. on February 9. He had a very nasty wound below the right eye, down to the bone, caused, I should think, by the blow of a boot; it could not have been caused by the fist; there were other marks of violence on the face.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN HAYMAN</hi>, K Division. I saw prisoner outside his lodgings in Blackthorn Street, Bow, at 12.15 a.m. on January 11. I told him I should take him into custody for demanding 5s. from Parkins at Walker Street, Limehouse, on January 9, and causing him grievous bodily harm by kicking him in the face. Prisoner replied, "I am glad I am caught; it is for the best; but I deny kicking him." He made no reply to the formal charge.</p>
<p>Prisoner's statement before the magistrate: "We was fighting and I got the best of it; then a police whistle blew and I ran away."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-148" type="surname" value="HAYWARD"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-148" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH HAYWARD</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). On January 6 I asked pro
<lb/>secutor to lend me 5s. He gave me 2d. and said he would give me the dollar on Monday. On the Monday I saw him and said, "Will you give that dollar now, Harry, as I could do with it?" He refused and said, "Remember the black eye you gave me 14 months ago;</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102070039"/>
<p>now I am going to give you two"; he hit me and I hit him back and we both fell down; I got up and he caught hold of my leg; he let go and I was walking away when a police whistle was blown and I ran. I point out that this was before six o'clock, and prosecutor did not see the doctor till 10; a great deal might have happened to him in that four hours.</p>
<rs id="t19110207-33-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-33-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-33-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<rs id="t19110207-33-punishment-40" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-33-punishment-40" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-33-punishment-40" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-19110207 t19110207-33-punishment-40"/>15 months' hard labour</rs>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Friday, February 10.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110207-34">
<interp inst="t19110207-34" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110207"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-34" type="date" value="19110207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-34-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-34-19110207 t19110207-34-offence-1 t19110207-34-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-34-19110207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-34-19110207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19110207" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19110207" type="surname" value="ECKERSLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19110207" type="given" value="JOHN ALBERT"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19110207" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ECKERSLEY</hi>, John Albert (21, clerk)</persName>,
<rs id="t19110207-34-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-34-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-34-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19110207-34-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-34-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-34-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>of forging and uttering, knowing the same to be forged, certain requests for the payment of money, to wit, seven several claims for the repayment of income tax; feloniously demanding and obtaining from the
<persName id="t19110207-name-150" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-150" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-34-offence-1 t19110207-name-150"/>Commis
<lb/>sioners of Inland Revenue</persName> money orders for the several sums of £19 15s. 8d., £19 10s., £9 6s. 8d., £8, £7 17s. 3d. and £19 5s., upon forged claims for the repayment of in
<lb/>come tax, knowing the same to be forged, with intent to defraud; obtaining by false pretences from the Commissioners of Inland Revenue certain valuable securities, to wit, six money orders for the above
<lb/>mentioned sums, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner, who had been in the service of the Inland Revenue Com
<lb/>missioners from September, 1905, to September, 1907, had used his knowledge gained whilst in the Repayment of Income Tax Depart
<lb/>ment, in making fraudulent claims for repayment of income tax. He had been engaged in this for the past five years, and, as far as the memoranda supplied by prisoner could show, had obtained £580. It was undesirable that the methods he had adopted should be detailed. It had been ascertained he had no accomplice. The system now in vogue would render the reoccurrence of such frauds impossible.</p>
<rs id="t19110207-34-punishment-41" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-34-punishment-41" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-34-punishment-41" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-34-19110207 t19110207-34-punishment-41"/>Four years' penal servitude</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110207-35">
<interp inst="t19110207-35" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110207"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-35" type="date" value="19110207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-35-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-35-19110207 t19110207-35-offence-1 t19110207-35-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-35-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-35-19110207 t19110207-35-offence-2 t19110207-35-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-35-19110207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-35-19110207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19110207" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19110207" type="surname" value="GRIFFITHS"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19110207" type="given" value="ERNEST JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19110207" type="occupation" value="French polisher"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GRIFFITHS</hi>, Ernest James (32, French polisher)</persName>
<rs id="t19110207-35-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-35-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-35-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, robbery with violence upon
<persName id="t19110207-name-152" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-152" type="surname" value="WELLS"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-152" type="given" value="WALTER JOSEPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-35-offence-1 t19110207-name-152"/>Walter Joseph Wells</persName> and stealing from him £4 11s.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-153" type="surname" value="WELLS"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-153" type="given" value="WALTER JOSEPH"/>WALTER JOSEPH WELLS</persName> </hi>, newsvendor, Church Street, Stoke Newing
<lb/>ton. About midday on October 29 prisoner, whom I knew as a frequenter of Hackney, asked me if I would treat him, as I was about to board a tramcar in Dalston Lane. We had two or three drinks at the "Crown and Castle" and other public-houses. I went up Sylvester Road into a public convenience, and he followed me in. He struck me a violent blow on the mouth, pinned me against the partition with one hand, and with the other took £4 11s. out of my trousers pocket, which was the whole of the money I had with the exception of 6d. The blow dazed me for the time being. I went out into Mare Street and complained to a constable; this was about two minutes after</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102070040"/>
<p>the blow. Prisoner ran up Sylvester Road, took the first turning on the right at the side of the mansions there. I next saw him when I charged him at the police station on January 14. Between Octo
<lb/>ber 29 and that day I did not see him in the neighbourhood of Hack
<lb/>ney at all.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by prisoner. You did not say when you met me, "What? Are you on the 'booze' again?" I did not meet you by arrangement at the "Crown and Castle." I had about £4 13s. on me when I met you first. I do not remember the name of the house we went into after the "Crown and Castle," but it was in Queen's Road; we were not refused drink there. I did not hold your arm after leaving; if I said so at the police court it was so. I deny falling unconscious in a urinal in Queen's Road. It is true I sug
<lb/>gested having another drink at the "Queen Elizabeth," but I deny betting you that we would not get served. I have known you about two years and you have gone and fetched papers for me sometimes but you have never sold papers for me. The blow caused my teeth to cut through my lip, and there is still a very slight scar.</p>
<p>Re-examined. My mouth was bleeding after the blow. Before this I had treated prisoner, but it was more through fear.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WALTER YAKES</hi>, 60 JR. On the afternoon of October 29 I was on duty at Mare Street, Hackney, when the prose
<lb/>cutor came up to me. His face was covered with blood and his mouth was bleeding from a cut. He had been drinking but was per
<lb/>fectly rational. We went in search of prisoner, and we then went together to the station; I did not have to take hold of him at all. I knew prisoner as being about Hackney almost daily. After that day I did not see him until January 14. (To the Court.) I had seen them together about 10 minutes before this; they turned into Sylves
<lb/>ter Road, about 25 yards from the urinal in which prosecutor said he had been struck.</p>
<p>To prisoner. I did not walk the prosecutor about until he was sober before I took him to the station.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM FAUKS</hi>, J Division. About 6.40 on January 13 in consequence of a complaint I had received I went to 3b, Ballspond Road, where I found prisoner. I told him I should take him into custody for robbery and assault at Hackney, and he said, "Haven't you made a b—mistake? "I said, "Nol" He said, "When was this?" I said, "I cannot give you the date—I will tell you at the station. The man whom it is alleged you assaulted and robbed sells papers at the corner of Morning Lane and Mare Street." He said, "I have not been down to Hackney for over two months." I took him to Dalston Police Station, where he was charged with assaulting and robbing Walter Wells. I said, "Oh! It is him is it?" When the charge was read over to him he said, "I am innocent of it."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-154" type="surname" value="GRIFFITHS"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-154" type="given" value="ERNEST JAMES"/>ERNEST JAMES GRIFFITHS</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I met prosecutor on the night before this and we went to a public-house, but he was</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102070041"/>
<p>so drunk that they would not serve us. I arranged to meet him on the following morning, which I did. We went into the "Crown and Castle," and were served with beer, but when the barman saw his condition it was taken away. We went from there to "The Grange," where we were again refused drink on account of his condition. We then went to the "Queen Elizabeth." I am leaving out about his holding my arm and falling down in the urinal. I left him in the urinal, went into Sylvester Road and into Graham Road, where I caught the tram to Dalston Lane.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prosecutor was drunk when I met him but not incap
<lb/>ably drunk. He held my arm from the "Grange" to the "Queen Elizabeth." I cannot say whether he fell or was tripped up in the urinal, but when I picked him up he was practically insensible, pro
<lb/>bably through the drink and the fall; this was between going to "The Grange" and the "Queen Elizabeth." I could have robbed him easily then if I had wanted to. The fall sobered him somewhat. I did not rob him in the second urinal. I had not been in Hackney for three weeks before this occurred.</p>
<rs id="t19110207-35-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-35-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-35-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p>
<rs id="t19110207-35-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-35-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-35-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>On the indictment against prisoner for assaulting Walter Joseph Wells and occasioning him actual bodily harm,</rs>
<rs id="t19110207-35-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-35-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-35-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>no evidence was offered and a formal verdict was returned of Not guilty.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110207-36">
<interp inst="t19110207-36" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110207"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-36" type="date" value="19110207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-36-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-36-19110207 t19110207-36-offence-1 t19110207-36-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-36-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-36-19110207 t19110207-36-offence-2 t19110207-36-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-36-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-36-19110207 t19110207-36-offence-3 t19110207-36-verdict-3"/>
<persName id="def1-36-19110207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-36-19110207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19110207" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19110207" type="surname" value="MILLS"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19110207" type="given" value="GEORGE WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19110207" type="occupation" value="agent"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MILLS</hi>, George William (32, agent)</persName>
<rs id="t19110207-36-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-36-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-36-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, feloniously possessing a mould upon which was impressed the obverse and the reverse sides if a shilling, knowingly and without lawful authority.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Wilkinson prosecuted; Mr. J. H. Watts defended.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-156" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-156" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-156" type="given" value="SARAH ANN"/>SARAH ANN EDWARDS</persName> </hi>, assistant to Richard Williams, dairyman, Euston Street. About 6 p.m. on January 12 prisoner came in and asked for some butter and a penny packet of tea. He tendered a shilling, which I told him was bad. He said he did not think so, and that he had got it in the "Orange Tree" in change for a sove
<lb/>reign. I marked it on both sides and gave it him back. I asked him if he was a customer at the "Orange Tree," and he said he was there every day. He took out some money from his pocket, from which he gave me a good sixpence. I noticed that some of the silver was a bit dull—the same colour as the shilling he had given me. He left saying that he was going back to the "Orange Tree" with it. After about 10 minutes he came back and said that they would not change it there. I said that that was very funny, and asked him whether he had any more on him. He said he did not think so. I then called Mr. Williams into the shop and he asked prisoner whether he had any more bad money, and he brought from his pocket a lot of money and put it on the counter. We found six bad shillings, in
<lb/>cluding the one I had marked. He asked Mr. Williams to wrap them in paper for him, which he did. He then said he was going to take them back to the "Orange Tree," and he left the shop. Mr. Williams followed him.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102070042"/>
<p>Cross-examined. First of all he asked Mr. Williams to go with him, but he would not. Prisoner was not very drunk; he was the worse for drink.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-157" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-157" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD WILLIAMS</persName> </hi>. About 6 p.m. on January 12 I was called into the shop by Miss Edwards, when I saw prisoner place a bad shilling on the counter. She marked it. He paid a good sixpence. He went out and after 10 minutes he returned. He said that he had changed half a sovereign at the "Orange Tree" and had received some bad money. He brought out a lot of money and put it on the counter, and I found it contained five bad shillings. I asked him if he had any more, and he went through his pockets and brought out everything which he had. I heard some money jingle in his overcoat pocket and I said, "I believe you have some more there." He brought out 2s. in bronze and one bad shilling. He had about 13s. in good and bad money. He asked me if I would go to the" Orange Tree" with him. On his first visit he said that he had received it in change for a sovereign, but on the second he said half a sovereign. I said it was no use my going with him, as they did not know me and I did not know him, and told him the best thing he could do was to go into the "Orange Tree" with the policeman who was on point duty there, or he might get himself into trouble. He went out saying that he would do so. I followed him and went to the corner by the "Orange Tree," where I saw a constable. I spoke to him and pointed to him prisoner, who was on the same side of the road as the "Orange Tree," coming in that direction. When he reached the corner he stopped and looked round. Then he came across the road towards the con
<lb/>stable, who went up and spoke to him. We had been standing on the opposite side of the road.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. He made straight for the side of the road where the policeman was.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-158" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-158" type="given" value="FRANK WHITFIELD"/>FRANK WHITFIELD EDWARDS</persName> </hi>, manager, "Orange Tree" public-house. I do not know prisoner as a daily customer. I should say he was not a regular customer at our house. I did not see him at all on January 12. No customer complained that day of having received bad money. I generally make up my till about 4.30 p.m. and I did so on this day. I locked it up and retained the keys.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. There are six men assistants. They are not here to-day.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CHARLES THRUSSEL</hi>, 610 S. Between 6 and 7 p.m. on January 12 I was on duty in Euston Road when Williams came and spoke to me. Prisoner was standing on the opposite side of the road and came towards our side of the road. I stopped him and asked him if he had any counterfeit coins in his possession. He said, "Yes, I have some here." I said, "Let me have them," and he produced six bad shillings. I asked him where he had got them from and he said, "From the 'Orange Tree' public-house in change for a half sovereign." He made no attempt to go in there. On searching him I found five sixpences, two shillings, and 2s. 6 1/2 d. in bronze, good</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102070043"/>
<p>money. I took him to the station. When charged he said, "I know nothing about it."He was the worse for drink.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The only thing that Williams told me was that prisoner had been to his shop with bad money, and he pointed prisoner out as being the man, who was the worse for drink. I could see 50 yards away that that was so.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE WALLACE</hi>, S Division: I saw prisoner in the station at 7.30 p.m. on January 12 and asked him where he lived. He said, "I occupy two rooms on the ground floor at 12, Little Drum
<lb/>mond Street." I went there with Hexamer and found he occupied the back room only. Prisoner's wife was there and I told her what I had come for. In a wooden chest I found this box, containing three moulds, one for making florins and two for making shillings, three coin holders, one pair of pliers, a polishing pad, four strips of solder, some copper wire, a file, a coin carrier, two bottles containing fluid, and a piece of cardboard with some marks of burns on it. I returned to the station and showed prisoner what I had found. He said, "They do not belong to me. I do not know anything at all about them." When charged with uttering counterfeit coin and possessing moulds, he said, "I do not know anything at all about it." When searching him he said, "I have got nothing, but the stuff in these bottles would kill all of you." He was under the influence of drink.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. He said nothing at all about Green when I arrested and searched him. I think prisoner's wife asked me at the police court one day whether a man named Pearce was there and I said "No." I might have said that I could not make him attend here. It is true I could do so if necessary. He told me later that Pearce refused to come and give evidence, but that did not seem to me suspicious.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM HEXAMER</hi>, X Division. On the evening of January 12 I went with Wallace to 12, Little Drummond Street. In the back room I found loose in the chest two counterfeit shillings dated 1910. In the cupboard on the right hand side of the fireplace I found this packet of plaster of paris, this spoon and this saucer with plaster of paris in it. On the top were these two bottles of liquid. In the cupboard on the left-hand side of the fireplace, on a bracket in the recess, were this small tin and a box containing anti
<lb/>mony. There was this box containing sal ammoniac amongst other things.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner's wife was present when I examined the room. She, her husband, and two children occupied this one room. She said at first that the bigger box contained her trinkets, but it did not; they were in the smaller box which was in the cupboard on the left-hand side of the fireplace, and which contained the sal
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-159" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-159" type="surname" value="REVELLE"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-159" type="given" value="MARTHA"/>MARTHA REVELLE</persName> </hi>, landlady, 12, Little Drummond Street. Prisoner has occupied the back parlour on the ground floor since the beginning</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102070044"/>
<p>of October, paying 6s. a week. He lived there with his wife and two children.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I always went in there once a week to take the linen, and I went two or three times a week besides. They used to keep the door open often to let the children play in the hall. I have never gone there and found the door locked. Prisoner's sister's husband and his sister used to visit them. An old gentleman used to come every morning for him to go with him to business. They were very respectable people. They have paid their rent regularly. I never saw any undesirable people go into their room.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I do not think they had the large chest when they first came; it came after.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-160" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-160" type="given" value="SYDNEY WILLIAM"/>SYDNEY WILLIAM SMITH</persName> </hi>, Assistant Assayer to His Majesty's Mint. Exhibits 12 and 18 are counterfeit shillings. Some come from one of the moulds produced, and others come from the other. Most of the other articles found are such as are used by coiners.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Some of the metal found is not the metal gener
<lb/>ally used by coiners, but there is some also that is generally used, antimony which is used to harden the softer metal. (To the Court.) The moulds have been used. The large bottles contain cyanide of potassium, which is poisonous.</p>
<p>Prisoner's statement before the magistrate: "The things were left in my room. Nothing has been done in my room. I did not know what was in the box. I never looked inside the papers in the box."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-161" type="surname" value="MILLS"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-161" type="given" value="GEORGE WILLIAM"/>GEORGE WILLIAM MILLS</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I am a dealer in second-hand furniture and interpreter. I was born in England, but am of French descent. I have acted as interpreter in Belgium and in the West End. About a week before Christmas, George Pearce (I think his right name is Stamper), who had been introduced to me at Holloway two years ago by my landlady when I was living there, introduced me to George Green. I had only seen Pearce twice during the two years. Two or three days after this Green came to me with a parcel in brown paper and asked me to mind it for him. He said, amongst other things, it contained two bottles, which he told me to take out because the stuff was sure to run out, and that I was to be careful not to let the children get at them as they contained poison. I pulled the bottles out and left the parcel just as it was inside the box, standing the bottles in another corner. He said he was in a bit of trouble. I had no suspicion whatever as to what the parcel contained because he told me that he was a silversmith, and from what I could see of the contents they seemed to be tools. Just after Christmas he came to see me, but I was out. The following day he called again, and we had a drink at the "Royal George."I asked him if he had come for his parcel. He said, "No, you mind it for me. Some detectives have been up to my house and searched it, but I managed to get away over a wall." I said, "Is that the trouble you mean?" He said, "I don't know whether it is for one thing</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102070045"/>
<p>or for another, but I can easily do them. I will go to work again." I did not know what he meant. I told him that the parcel would not be in my way. After that I met him in the street and he said that he wanted to try and open a little shop, and that he would come for his parcel then. He called on me once or twice, and I asked him if he had come for his parcel, and he said that he must wait till he had got his little shop before he took it away because he did not want to take it home. About 12 a.m. on January 12 I went to this chest to get a collar out when I saw a lot of white powder over the things. My wife did not know what it was, and I concluded that it had come out of the parcel. I put the powder in the cupboard on the right-hand side of the fireplace. Taking it out I saw a sealed enve
<lb/>lope which I lifted up, and then I saw some shillings between the envelope and the tin box. I looked at them, and I thought to myself that it was funny. I left two of them which were bent up in the box, and decided to take the other six and see if I could find Green to ask him what it meant. I went round to the "Angel," but I could not find him. From there I went to St. John's Wood to see a Mr. Verchel, who had asked me to get some second-hand furniture to furnish a room for him. We had some drinks together and I came over giddy, I had too much. I remember going in to buy the butter and tea. I said to Edwards that I had got a bad shilling in change at the "Orange Tree," but I did not know what I was saying. I must have put this bad money 'along with the good money, although when I first went out I took care to put it into a separate pocket. I asked Williams to wrap them up for me in paper and also to come with me to the "Orange Tree," but this he could not do. When I left the shop the first time I went back there and had another drink; a thin tall man with a waxed moustache served me. I then returned to the shop to apologise. I heard that when Green heard I was locked up he left his address, 13, Sherringham Road, Barnsbury. Our door was nearly always open and the landlady used to come in frequently. I did not make any of the bad money and I had no idea that there were counterfeit coins in the parcel until January 12. I did not pay the bad shilling for the butter with the idea of passing bad money.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. About a fortnight before I met Green, Pearce told me that he, Pearce, had been in penal servitude. I only saw him about once after that; I did not want to see him any more. I called Green as a witness at the Police Court, but he denied bringing this parcel to me. When I left the house on January 12 I had about ten shillings in good money on me, but not in gold. I was drunk when I told Williams and Edwards that I had got the bad money in change and in the "Orange Tree." I did not know what I was saying.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I have only seen Pearce four times in my life. (To the Court.) When I told Edwards where I had got the bad money I had, in fact, been in the "Orange Tree." I did not know for certain that these coins were bad: I was dubious about them. The trunk where I put the box was used for my wife's, my children's, and my things, and I went to it perhaps once or twice a week.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102070046"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-162" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-162" type="surname" value="MILLS"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-162" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE MILLS</persName> </hi>. I have been married to prisoner four years and have two children, one three and the other two years old. We have occupied the back parlour at 12, Little Drummond Street since last September. I remember about Christmas time a man named George Green, whom I had never seen before, brought a box, some bottles, and a piece of cardboard, and asked my landlord to mind them; he brought the bottles from his pocket and said that I and the children were not to touch them, as they contained poison. The things were placed in the wooden chest, where we keep everything. Some three weeks afterwards my husband opened the parcel, but I do not know what he took out; I know he went to the chest for a handkerchief. He told me that Pearce introduced him to Green; before that hap
<lb/>pened I have only seen Pearce about three times. I have tried to get him to come, but he said he was afraid to do so, as he might get him
<lb/>self into trouble. I told Inspector Wallace that Pearce is not here. Our door during the day is always open. I stay at home to look after the children; my husband has never made any false coin; I should know if he had. This box contains borax, not sal ammoniac. It also contains buttons, an iron holder, and a shaving brush.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. It is true I told the police that the larger box, and not the smaller, contained trinkets of my own, but I did that because I thought, as Green had told us that he had got into trouble and asked us to mind it for him, I thought it might get us into trouble.</p>
<rs id="t19110207-36-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-36-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-36-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>(Saturday, February 11.)</p>
<rs id="t19110207-36-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-36-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-36-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>Prisoner was now indicted (before another Jury) for unlawfully pos
<lb/>sessing four counterfeit shillings, knowing the same to be false and counterfeit and with intent to utter them;</rs> (second count)
<rs id="t19110207-36-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-36-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-36-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>uttering a counterfeit shilling to
<persName id="t19110207-name-163" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-163" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-163" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-163" type="given" value="SARAH ANN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-36-offence-3 t19110207-name-163"/>Sarah Ann Edwards</persName>, knowing the same to be false and counterfeit.</rs> </p>
<p>The same evidence was given in this indictment as was given on the previous indictment.</p>
<rs id="t19110207-36-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-36-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-36-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs> on the first count:
<rs id="t19110207-36-verdict-3" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-36-verdict-3" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-36-verdict-3" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty on the second.</rs> </p>
<p>A previous conviction in 1903 for larceny as a bailee was proved against prisoner, who was stated to be an associate of well-known criminals and to have been engaged in furnishing flats for French prostitutes.</p>
<rs id="t19110207-36-punishment-42" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-36-punishment-42" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-36-punishment-42" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-36-19110207 t19110207-36-punishment-42"/>18 months' hard labour</rs>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUDGE RENTOUL.</hi> </p>
<p>(Friday, February 10.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110207-37">
<interp inst="t19110207-37" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110207"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-37" type="date" value="19110207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-37-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-37-19110207 t19110207-37-offence-1 t19110207-37-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-37-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-37-19110207 t19110207-37-offence-1 t19110207-37-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-37-19110207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-37-19110207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19110207" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19110207" type="surname" value="HILLIER"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19110207" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19110207" type="occupation" value="salesman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HILLIER</hi>, Edward (29, salesman)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-37-19110207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-37-19110207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-37-19110207" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def2-37-19110207" type="surname" value="WARD"/>
<interp inst="def2-37-19110207" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def2-37-19110207" type="occupation" value="salesman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WARD</hi>, Thomas (25, sales
<rs id="t19110207-37-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-37-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-37-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, feloniously robbing
<persName id="t19110207-name-166" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-166" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-166" type="surname" value="JARVIS"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-166" type="given" value="ALICE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-37-offence-1 t19110207-name-166"/>Alice Jarvis</persName> and stealing from her person one hand-bag, one purse, and £2 10s., her goods and moneys.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102070047"/>
<p>Mr. C. J. Salkeld Green prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-167" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-167" type="surname" value="JARVIS"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-167" type="given" value="ALICE"/>ALICE JARVIS</persName> </hi>. On the night of February 1 I was in Pentonville Road at about 12.30. I had a bag in each hand, one containing pro
<lb/>visions, the other was a hand-bag which contained my purse. It had in it £2 10s. in gold. I was going up the hill when a man stood in front of me on my right. I went towards the kerb to avoid him. He went past me to the right and I felt my bag being wrenched out of my hand. One man was at my side and the other was pulling my bag. I screamed and they disappeared. I saw my bag at the station; no money was missing; the handle was wrenched off.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I said at the station that to the best of my belief you were the men.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ERNEST FRY</hi>, 102 G. At 12.45 a.m. on February 1 I heard cries of "Police" and "Stop thief." I saw prisoners running away in a dark turning. I caught Ward. He said, "All right, governor, I have not got the bag." Up to that moment I had said nothing about a bag. I did not then know what the charge was. I brought him back to prosecutrix, who said, "That is one of them." Prisoner Ward made no remark when that was said. I saw the bag for the first time at the station. It was brought there by the witness Murphy.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM SMITH</hi>, 488 G. I heard shouts at 12.45 a.m. on February 1. I was with last witness in a narrow street, and ran towards the direction of the shouts, and saw Hillier running to
<lb/>wards me. I stopped him and took him back to the prosecutrix, who identified him as one of the men who snatched the bag. When he saw me running towards him he almost stopped. He said, "This time you have got the wrong bloke." He gave no explanation as to why he was running.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-168" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-168" type="surname" value="MURPHY"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-168" type="given" value="FREDERICK WILLIAM"/>FREDERICK WILLIAM MURPHY</persName> </hi>, 22, Alfred Street, Pentonville. On February 1 I heard a scuffle outside my house, and went to see what it was. I saw prisoners arrested, going along the street with the con
<lb/>stables. As I was shutting the door to go to bed I saw a dark object on the pavement and picked it up; it was a bag. This is it. I dressed and took it to the police-station.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-169" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-169" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-169" type="given" value="EMILY"/>EMILY BAKER</persName> </hi>, 39, Parkfield Street, Islington. I was in Pentonville Road on February 1. I saw prisoners come behind prosecutrix; they pulled her round the corner by the bag. I heard her scream and ran up. She said, "They have stolen my bag." I kept behind them till the police caught them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-170" type="surname" value="HILLIER"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-170" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD HILLIER</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath). I can state which way I come when this bag was supposed to be stolen and who I met at 12.15 at the "Glass House," Euston Road. I asked this man had he sold out; he said yes. I had been out for one bag of taters and savoys. He said, "I am going to my brothers." I said, "Come a little way with me to Swinton Street to see if I can get a bag." When I got there the door was closed. I went to Clerkenwell Road and had two</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102070048"/>
<p>bags of taters. Breaking into Pentonville I crossed the road into the turning when the two constables come running behind us and said, "We want you," and this lady come round the corner and said, "That is one, a big one and a little one." That is all I know about it. I said "You have made a mistake this time."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-171" type="surname" value="WARD"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-171" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS WARD</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath). I say the same.</p>
<rs id="t19110207-37-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-37-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-37-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>both Guilty.</rs> </p>
<p>Previous convictions were proved.</p>
<p>Sentences (each),
<rs id="t19110207-37-punishment-43" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-37-punishment-43" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-37-punishment-43" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-37-19110207 t19110207-37-punishment-43"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-37-19110207 t19110207-37-punishment-43"/>Nine months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110207-38">
<interp inst="t19110207-38" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110207"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-38" type="date" value="19110207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-38-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-38-19110207 t19110207-38-offence-1 t19110207-38-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-38-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-38-19110207 t19110207-38-offence-2 t19110207-38-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-38-19110207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-38-19110207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19110207" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19110207" type="surname" value="CORBY"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19110207" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19110207" type="occupation" value="attendant"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CORBY</hi>, Charles (28, attendant)</persName>
<rs id="t19110207-38-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-38-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-38-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assaultWithIntent"/>, attempting to carnally know
<persName id="t19110207-name-173" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-173" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-173" type="surname" value="FORSYTH"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-173" type="given" value="EVELYN OLGA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-38-offence-1 t19110207-name-173"/>Evelyn Olga Forsyth</persName>, a girl under the age of 13 years;</rs>
<rs id="t19110207-38-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-38-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-38-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="indecentAssault"/>indecently assaulting the said
<persName id="t19110207-name-174" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-174" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-174" type="surname" value="FORSYTH"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-174" type="given" value="EVELYN OLGA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-38-offence-2 t19110207-name-174"/>Evelyn Olga Forsyth</persName>.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19110207-38-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-38-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-38-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<rs id="t19110207-38-punishment-44" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-38-punishment-44" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-38-punishment-44" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-38-19110207 t19110207-38-punishment-44"/>Two months' imprisonment</rs>, second division.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19110207-39">
<interp inst="t19110207-39" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110207"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-39" type="date" value="19110207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-39-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-39-19110207 t19110207-39-offence-1 t19110207-39-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-39-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-39-19110207 t19110207-39-offence-1 t19110207-39-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-39-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-39-19110207 t19110207-39-offence-1 t19110207-39-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-39-19110207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-39-19110207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19110207" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19110207" type="surname" value="HONEYBUN"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19110207" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19110207" type="occupation" value="fruiterer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HONEYBUN</hi>, George (25, fruiterer)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-39-19110207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-39-19110207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-39-19110207" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def2-39-19110207" type="surname" value="STILES"/>
<interp inst="def2-39-19110207" type="given" value="PERCY"/>
<interp inst="def2-39-19110207" type="occupation" value="fruiterer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">STILES</hi>, Percy (37, fruiterer)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-39-19110207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-39-19110207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-39-19110207" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def3-39-19110207" type="surname" value="HART"/>
<interp inst="def3-39-19110207" type="given" value="DAVID"/>
<interp inst="def3-39-19110207" type="occupation" value="carman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HART</hi>, David (25, carman)</persName>
<rs id="t19110207-39-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-39-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-39-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, stealing 25 boxes of dates and other articles, the goods of
<persName id="t19110207-name-178" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-178" type="surname" value="LANDAN"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-178" type="given" value="GABRIEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-39-offence-1 t19110207-name-178"/>Gabriel Landan</persName>.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19110207-39-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-39-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-39-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. A. Anderson prosecuted; Mr. Purcell defended Honeybun; Mr. Cassels defended Stiles.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-179" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-179" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-179" type="surname" value="LANDAN"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-179" type="given" value="GABRIEL"/>GABRIEL LANDAN</persName> </hi>, salesman, 31, Lamb Street, Spitalfields, E. I know Hart as a carman. I saw him on January 16 at my premises. He was loading up some fruit of mine to take to Kew Market—dates, oranges, apples, and tomatoes, value £26 5s. He was the driver of the van. I identified the fruit the following Thursday at Waltham
<lb/>stow Police Station.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Cassels. I have known Stiles seven or eight months as a customer. He has bought a good deal of goods from me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-180" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-180" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-180" type="surname" value="DILLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-180" type="given" value="CLARA"/>CLARA DILLEY</persName> </hi>, 1, Blackstock Road, Walthamstow. I have known Honeybun about 18 months by seeing him selling fruit in the street. On January 17 at 4 p.m. he came to my door and asked to rent the coach-house at the back of my house for some stock he had. He wanted it for a week or a fortnight. I said the coach-house and stable is up to let and if anyone took it the stock would have to be removed. He paid 3s. for a week's rent. Shortly after that a van and pair of horses loaded came up the drive to the coach-house. I did not pay attention to who came with the van, but there were two or three there. Stiles was there; I saw him from the bedroom.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ISRAEL BEDFORD</hi>, N Division. I saw Honeybun at 219, Blackhorse Road, on January 18, at 10.30 a.m. I told him I was a police officer making inquiries about a horse and van and a load of fruit stolen at Hammersmith yesterday. I said, "I have received information that you have the property in the stable at the rear of No. 1, Blackhorse Road. You will have to go there with me." He said nothing then. About five minutes later he said, "I will tell you the truth; a man came up to me yesterday outside the 'Standard' public-house, Blackhorse Road, and asked me if I would buy some dates. I got them off him and gave him £7 5s. for the lot; I do not</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102070049"/>
<p>now his name, but I have seen him up Thames Street." We then went to the stable and there found the stolen fruit. I told prisoner he would have to go to the station. He said nothing. At the station I told him he would be detained and charged with stealing this pro
<lb/>perty. He made no reply. At 8.30 on the 19th I saw Stiles at his address, Victoria Road, Edmonton. I was with another officer. I said, "We have a man in custody named Honeybun and he has made a statement implicating you as being concerned in stealing a horse and van and a load of fruit at Hammersmith. You will have to go to the station with me" He said, "Very good, sir; Honey bun has given me away, has he?" I took him to Edmonton Police Station and he there said he wished to make a statement; that statement I reduced to writing and he signed it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS HALL</hi>, T Division. I saw Honeybun at Waltham
<lb/>stow Police Station on January 19. I told him who I was and that he would be charged concerned with two others in stealing and receiv
<lb/>ing 56 cases of fruit. He made no reply. On the way to the station he said, "I have made a mistake through not getting a receipt" On the same day I saw Stiles at Edmonton Police Station. I told him he would be charged with Honeybun and Hart. He said, "Honey
<lb/>bun asked me to buy the stuff; he told me he had got it 'bent.'" "Bent" means otherwise than straight." I helped him in with it in the stable. The carman was there." When Hart was brought in the charge room Stiles said, "That is the man who brought the fruit to Walthamstow and helped to carry it in the stable."</p>
<p>Mr. Cassels submitted that there was no case to go to the Jury as against Stiles.</p>
<p>Mr. Purcell submitted with regard to Honeybun that the possession was not criminal possession, and that it had to be shown that he rented the stable for the purpose of unlawfully storing in it stolen property which he had in his possession.</p>
<p>Judge Rentoul. The case had better go on.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-181" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-181" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-181" type="surname" value="STILES"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-181" type="given" value="PERCY"/>PERCY STILES</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I am a greengrocer carrying on business at 131, Victoria Road, Lower Edmonton. I have had dealings with Mr. Landan. I have bought £20 or £30 worth of stuff of him a week. I know Honeybun as a dealer in the market. He told me he had some fruit he could sell me, which he has told me before. This was on the Monday. Next day I met him by appoint
<lb/>ment. We went to a coffee shop. He told me he would see me in five or 10 minutes' time. He went out and came back again, and then he drank up his tea. As we went out of the coffee shop together we saw the van with the load of stuff outside the "Standard." Honeybun and I went to the stable and the vanload of fruit drawed along. Hart drove the van. I, Honeybun, the carman, and the other chap what was with the carman helped to unload the stuff. Honeybun asked me to buy some oranges. I said, "I don't think this has come straight; I do not like the looks of that fellow." That was</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102070050"/>
<p>the fellow with the carman. He tried to press me to buy the oranges but I did not. I walked out of the stable, saying, "I am going home." I went straight home.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Purcell. I had not seen Hart before I saw the fruit outside the "Standard" I had not been near him at all, I know three Bentleys. I believe one of them was outside the "Standard" that day. I did not ask him to let me put my stuff in his stable. I did not ask Honey bun if he knew the stable. I did not give Hart 2s. and tell him to go to Islington and lose his van, get into the train, and go to Hammersmith, and then go into a coffee shop and say, "I have lost my van." I did not buy the stuff and know nothing about it. I did not buy it because I did not want it.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Anderson. When I was arrested I said, "All right, sir, Honeybun has given me away, has he?" I thought there was some trouble about the stuff. I did not mean he had given me away to get me into trouble. I did not want to be brought into the concern if it come to be stolen. I had seen Hart about a fort
<lb/>night before. I did not give him any money over this transaction. I did not say to Sergeant Hall that Honeybun told me he had got it bent. He came in the station after I had been arrested. I made this statement. He had no book and never put anything down. There were other officers there. I told an officer when he came in. I said it was Tich's stuff because Mr. Landan said he had lost some fruit. I see him every day in market.</p>
<p>(Saturday, February 11.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-182" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-182" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-182" type="surname" value="HONEYBUN"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-182" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE HONEYBUN</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I am 25 years of age. I live at 219, Blackhorse Road, Walthamstow, and have had a green-grocer's stall in High Street for the last 12 years. I have known Stiles 18 months. On January 17, at 4 p.m., I saw him in Forest Road. He asked me to have a cup of tea. We went to a coffee-shop in Blackhorse Road. He asked me where Bentley, who I live with, was. I said he was over at the house, and he asked me to fetch him. Stiles asked Bentley if he could put a load of fruit in his stable. Bentley said he had just given up the stable. Stiles then asked him if "Bunny" (me) knew the place, and if I could hire the stable for him. I agreed; he gave me 3s. for the deposit; I saw Mrs. Dilly; she let me the stable and gave me the key. As I came away Stiles was coming along the street and I gave him the key. He said, "Here comes the load of stuff." I saw a pair-horse van coming along driven by Hart. Hart pulled into the stable yard and we three unloaded it. Stiles gave Hartsome money, whispered to him, and Hart went away with the van. Stiles locked up the stable. He said, "If anybody asks you anything about this stuff say that you gave £17 5s. for it." I said "All right." The next day I saw Stiles at Spitalfields Market. He said, "Keep your mouth shut about that stuff or else you look like getting dragged into it." I said, "If I had known it was like that I would have had nothing to do with it." The next evening, at 10.30 p.m., Inspector</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102070051"/>
<p>Bedford came to my house, and I told him I had given £17 5s. for the fruit, that I bought it off a dark man that came from Thames Street outside the "Standard" public-house. He asked me if I should know the man again. I said, "Yes, I always see him at Thames Street." I was afterwards charged. Stiles did not speak to me about the fruit on Monday—I never saw him on Monday.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Cassels. I told my solicitor what Stiles had said to me at Spitalfields Market. It was news to me that it was stolen stuff. I told Bedford I had given £17 5s. for it, not knowing I was doing wrong—Stiles had told me he did not want the stall-keepers at Edmonton to know what stuff he had coming in—that is why I thought he wanted me to say that. Stiles never said, "That is Tich's stuff, and you had better give it back to him." Stiles once bought 50 lb. of Brazils off me. Bentley is here, and will tell you that Stiles asked him to put the stuff in his stable. Mrs. Dilly is wrong in saying that the van came along with three men on it; Hart was alone. Hart's statement is untrue.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Anderson. I have been in the fruit trade 12 years. I have never known an honest transaction like this. Stiles's business is at Edmonton, three or four miles from Blackhorse Road. He told me he wanted to put the stuff in there so that people at Edmonton should not know what goods he had. I said to Sergeant Hall, "I see I made a mistake through not getting a receipt." It was a strange transaction to buy £26 worth of fruit from a man in the street.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I have never had any dealings in or been concerned with stolen property or been in the hands of the police for any crime.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ISRAEL BEDFORD</hi>. When I went with Honey bun to Dilly's stable no one had the key, and we looked at the fruit thrugh the parti
<lb/>tion of the adjoining stable. The stable was afterwards broken open by another officer.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-183" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-183" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-183" type="surname" value="HART"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-183" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID HART</persName> </hi> (prisoner), examined by Mr. Purcell. I live at 52, Long Street, Hackney Road, and have been carman to Emanuel, Spitalfields Market, for the last five months. I previously worked in the market as a porter. I have never previously been charged with dishonesty, and before this offence, to which I have pleaded guilty, have borne a good character and been in respectable employment. On January 17 I was sent by prosecutor from his shop in Lamb Street, Spitalfields, to kew with a load of fruit As I was leaving, a man whom I had seen with Stiles about three times, spoke to me. I went-with him to a public-house in Brushfield Street and had some drink. We then went to Bishopsgate and had some more drink. In cones
<lb/>quence of what he said I then went to the "Standard" public-house at Walthamstow with him. He got off the van and met Stiles, whom I had known eight or nine months. Stiles beckoned to me to come into the stable yard, the fruit was unloaded by Stiles, Honeybun and my
<lb/>self. I then came back to the "Standard," when Stiles gave me 2s., telling me to lose the van somewhere—to leave the van unattended in Seven Sisters Road or Islington, and then to go to Hammersmith or Kew Market and report the van lost. I left the van unattended, went</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102070052"/>
<p>to King Street, Hammersmith, stated to the police that I had gone into a coffee shop and when I came out the van was gone. The police told me to go and get the van at Islington, where they said it had been found. I was afraid to go there and went home. Stiles said, "I will see how I get on with this stuff. I will meet you at eleven o'clock at the "Unicorn" public-house at the corner of Commercial Street." I went there as I was going home, but did not meet him there. I saw him next on Wednesday in the market, and on Thursday; on both occasions he would not speak to me. On Thursday night I was arrested, charged, and made a statement, which I altered on Friday at the police-court. I knew Stiles by taking fruit to his place. Emanuel keeps a book in which he enters goods delivered, where delivered, and the name of the carman.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Cassels. I have told several stories about this business. The first statement I made to the police about having the van stolen outside a coffee shop was entirely untrue. I asked to have it altered at the Police Court before I signed it. What I have now said is the truth.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-184" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-184" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-184" type="surname" value="EMANUEL"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-184" type="given" value="PHILIP"/>PHILIP EMANUEL</persName> </hi>, Spitalfields Market, carman and contractor. Hart has been in my employment since I started business six months ago—I have had perfect trust in him. I produce book showing that he took goods to Stiles on November 16, December 1, 14, 21, and January 10.</p>
<p>Mr. Purcell recalled Detective-sergeant Hall and proposed to ask as to the. conversation with Bentley in the absence of Stiles. On the objection of Mr. Cassels the evidence was not pressed.</p>
<p>Mr. Purcell asked to recall the prisoner Stiles for further cross-examination; after objection by Mr. Caessels, Judge Rentoul ruled that Mr. Purcell had a right further to cross-examine a prisoner who had given evidence.</p>
<p>Mr. Cassels then said that he should advise his client Stiles to refuse to return to the box or to answer any further questions. He submitted that the prisoner was a competent but not a compellable witness. Counsel explained the position to the Judge in his private room, after which the evidence was not pressed.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-185" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-185" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-185" type="surname" value="BONE"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-185" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN BONE</persName> </hi>, 78, Balham Road, Edmonton, horse dealer, stated that he had known Honeybun for 10 years as an honest and hard-working man.</p>
<p>Verdict (Stiles and Honeybun),
<rs id="t19110207-39-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-39-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-39-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty.</rs> </p>
<p>Stiles confessed to having been convicted at Warwick Quarter Sessions on October 20, 1903, and sentenced to seven years' penal servitude for horse stealing. He also received nine months at Middle
<lb/>sex Sessions on April 7, 1894, for housebreaking. Ten summary con
<lb/>victions for assault and drunkenness were proved. It was stated that Stiles was released by the Home Secretary on the conviction of nine months at the end of six weeks; that after his release from prison on January 13, 1909, he had carried on a respectable business as a fruiterer.</p>
<rs id="t19110207-39-punishment-45" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-39-punishment-45" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-39-punishment-45" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-39-19110207 t19110207-39-punishment-45"/>Mr. Emanuel having stated that he was perfectly willing to take Hart back into his service, Hart was released on his own recognisances in £1 to come up for judgment if called upon.</rs> Honeybun was</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102070053"/>
<rs id="t19110207-39-punishment-46" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-39-punishment-46" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-39-punishment-46" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-39-19110207 t19110207-39-punishment-46"/>released on his own recognisances in £20 to come up for judgment if called upon.</rs> Stiles,
<rs id="t19110207-39-punishment-47" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-39-punishment-47" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-39-punishment-47" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-39-19110207 t19110207-39-punishment-47"/>Six months' hard labour.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE COMMON SERJEANT.</hi> </p>
<p>(Saturday, February 11.).</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19110207-40" type="date" value="19110207"/>
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<persName id="def1-40-19110207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-40-19110207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-40-19110207" type="age" value="63"/>
<interp inst="def1-40-19110207" type="surname" value="ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-40-19110207" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-40-19110207" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALLEN</hi>, John (63, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19110207-40-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-40-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-40-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, feloniously wounding
<persName id="t19110207-name-187" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-187" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-187" type="surname" value="HYATT"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-187" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-40-offence-1 t19110207-name-187"/>Arthur Hyatt</persName> with intent to do him grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Thin prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-188" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-188" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-188" type="surname" value="HYATT"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-188" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR HYATT</persName> </hi>, journalist, 18, Maitland Park Road. About 9 p.m. on January 3 I was talking to a man in Hyde Park when I felt a very terrible blow in the face. I was partly unconscious for the moment and the next thing I remember was seeing prisoner struggling in the arms of three or four men. I was taken to the hospital. I lost a great deal of blood. I do not remember ever having seen or spoken to prisoner before.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by prisoner. I was not using any questionable language that evening. I have not addressed young men and women in the Park as an Atheist. (Prisoner here made a rambling statement to the effect that the wrath of God rested upon him, the prisoner, for neglecting to oppose the Atheists, and that when he went to sleep visions of crying children came before him.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-189" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-189" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-189" type="surname" value="BERMEN"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-189" type="given" value="RUDOLF"/>RUDOLF BERMEN</persName> </hi>, 3, Paddingon Street, Bays water. About 9 p.m. on January 3 I was talking to prosecutor in Hyde Park when prisoner struck him a blow. I closed with prisoner and then the sergeant came and took him in charge. I did not see the instrument he used. Prosecutor had an open wound at the side of his face, just below the ear, and was bleeding a lot.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PETER SMITH</hi>, 423 A. About 9 p.m. on January 3 I was called to this assault in Hyde Park. Prisoner was being held by Bermen and prosecutor was holding his hand up to his head; he had a cut on the side of His face and blood' was running from it. I took prisoner to the station and on him I found this piece of iron, a flute, matches, and a pair of scissors. Referring to the piece of iron he said, "Yes, that is what I struck him with. He insulted my religion and I could not help it."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-190" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-190" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-190" type="surname" value="DYER"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-190" type="given" value="SIDNEY REGINALD"/>SIDNEY REGINALD DYER</persName> </hi>, Medical Officer, Brixton Prison. I have, had prisoner under my observation since January 4, and have had several conversations with him. I do not think he is of sound mind; he suffers from fixed and definite delusions and hallucinations. His chief delusion is that he has a mission from God to kill people who lecture in Hyde Park on certain subjects. I asked him what would happen if he got let off, and he said that he should still pursue that mission. My opinion is that it was whilst under this delusion he com
<lb/>mitted this offence, and was therefore not responsible at the time.</p>
<p>To prisoner. You did mention something about Red Cross Knights.</p>
<p>Prisoner, called upon for his defence, made a long and incoherent</p>
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<p>statement, condemning people who spoke in the Park against religion and stating that it was necessary to stop their blasphemy for the general welfare of the people.</p>
<rs id="t19110207-40-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-40-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-40-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="insane"/>Guilty, but insane so as not to be responsible for his actions.</rs>
<rs id="t19110207-40-punishment-48" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-40-punishment-48" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-40-punishment-48" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="insanity"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-40-19110207 t19110207-40-punishment-48"/>Prisoner was ordered to be detained during His Majesty's pleasure.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUDGE RENTOUL.</hi> </p>
<p>(Monday, February 13.)</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19110207-41" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19110207"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-41" type="date" value="19110207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-41-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-41-19110207 t19110207-41-offence-1 t19110207-41-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19110207-41-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-41-19110207 t19110207-41-offence-2 t19110207-41-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-41-19110207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-41-19110207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-41-19110207" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-41-19110207" type="surname" value="O'CONNOR"/>
<interp inst="def1-41-19110207" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>
<interp inst="def1-41-19110207" type="occupation" value="scaffolder"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">O'CONNOR</hi>, Michael (33, scaffolder)</persName>
<rs id="t19110207-41-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-41-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-41-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, robbery with violence upon
<persName id="t19110207-name-192" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-192" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-192" type="surname" value="DENIGAN"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-192" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19110207-41-offence-1 t19110207-name-192"/>James Denigan</persName>, and stealing a watch and a chain, his goods, from his person.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. J. Campbell prosecuted; Mr. Waldo R. Briggs defended.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-193" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-193" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-193" type="surname" value="DENIGAN"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-193" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES DENIGAN</persName> </hi>, 39, Bruce Buildings, Ford Estate, Holborn. On December 31, about midnight, I was going home through Pentonville Road; I saw some men coming in the opposite direction; they sur
<lb/>rounded me, pushed me against the wall, and prisoner took my watch and chain from my top left-hand pocket. They ran off; I followed them till I met a constable, who arrested the prisoner; the other man ran off. When prisoner took my watch he passed it to one of his confederates, a man with a brown overcoat.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I should say there were nine or ten men; I was frightened; I was at their mercy, I could not do anything, because if I had shown any resistance no doubt it would have been a serious matter for me. The other men ran away; prisoner did not have a chance to run away. I was quite certain at the time that prisoner was the man; I did not say on the way to the station that I was not sure prisoner was the man.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I was and am quite certain that prisoner is the man who put his hand in my pocket and took my watch. I did not really lose sight of the men only when I spoke to the policeman.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-194" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-194" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-194" type="surname" value="HARWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-194" type="given" value="HARRY"/>HARRY HARWOOD</persName> </hi>, painter, 33, Southampton Street. I was in Pentonville Road about midnight on December 31. I saw prisoner come up with about nine other men and push prosecutor against the wall and pull his coat open and take his watch and chain; I believe prisoner passed it because they all closed in together directly after; they then ran away; prosecutor followed them; I lost sight of them for the time. I went up Pentonville Road to find a policeman; I then saw prosecutor talking to the policeman; I told the constable what I had seen, and prisoner was arrested.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I saw these men attacking prosecutor; I was about five yards away; there were about nine or ten men and they surrounded him; they were medium height men and I got so as I could see; I have never seen any of them before; I am certain that prisoner was the one who took the watch.</p>
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<p>Re-examined. They did not see me, but the way they were standing I could see through them; I moved so that I could see; I saw prisoner robbing prosecutor; it was fairly light, there was a lamp-post near by.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES SCHNEID</hi>, 18 G.R. I was on duty in Pentonville Road on December 31 after midnight; I saw prisoner there with about 15 or 20 other men. Prosecutor reported to me the loss of his watch; while doing so, the last witness came up and said he knew the man that did it, and I arrested prisoner. I told him the charge; he said, "Search me." I did not search him then; at the station he was searched and nothing was found on him.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not see the robbery. I was told where the men were, and I went and I saw a gang of men; they did not run away till I arrested prisoner; I should say there were about 15 to 20 men.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19110207-name-195" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19110207-name-195" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-195" type="surname" value="O'CONNOR"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-name-195" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>MICHAEL O'CONNOR</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). On the night of December 31 I was passing through Pentonville Road on my way borne; I saw seven or eight men rowing and quarrelling; I stopped to see the row. A policeman came along, and one of the men says, "Look out, here comes a 'flatty' (meaning a policeman), and they all ran away; I stood still. The constable came, to me and said, "I am going to charge you with being concerned in stealing this watch and chain." I says, "Very well, you can search me if you like; I do not know nothing about the watch and chain." I was taken to the station. On the way prosecutor said he could not swear I was the man. I did not steal the watch, I know nothing at all about it.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I live at 13, St. James's Gardens, Islington. I go that way home, or I could go right straight up and turn by the "Angel"; one way is as quick as the other. I saw this crowd of men, and I stopped to watch them because I thought they were going to fight; there were several others standing there besides me. I did not see prosecutor there; I did not see him robbed. I cannot say that I have seen any of the men before. I have been round that neighbourhood all my life; I have often seen a fight there. When the policeman arrested me the other men were across the road. I was alone when the police
<lb/>man spoke to me; I do not know why they ran when the policeman came. When prosecutor said that he was not sure whether I was the man the constable could have heard it; I did not see a man in a brown overcoat there.</p>
<p>Re-examined. If there was going to be a fight I wanted to see it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SCHNEID</hi> (recalled). When I was taking prisoner to the station prosecutor was about eight or ten yards in the rear; I did not hear prisoner say anything; if he had said anything I should have heard it.</p>
<rs id="t19110207-41-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-41-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-41-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Prisoner confessed to a previous conviction.
<rs id="t19110207-41-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19110207-41-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t19110207-41-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="habitualCriminal"/>He was then indicted "for that he is a habitual criminal.</rs>"</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191102070056"/>
<p>Formal proof was given of service of the notice. The following con
<lb/>victions were proved: At North London Sessions, June 15, 1897, stealing a watch, 20 months' hard labour; North London Sessions, February 6, 1900, stealing money, etc., five years' penal servitude; North London Sessions, September 15, 1908, larceny (person), three years' penal servitude.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BUTT</hi> said that he had gone to a builder named Roberts, for whom prisoner had stated that he had worked about three yearn ago, but Roberts had no knowledge of him.</p>