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<p>1910, NOVEMBER.</p>
<p>Vol. CLIV.] Part 913.</p>
<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<persName id="t19101115-name-1">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-1" type="surname" value="WALPOLE"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-1" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WALPOLE</persName> & CO.,</p>
<p>Shorthand Writers to the Court.</p>
<p>EDITED BY</p>
<p>[Published by Annual Subscription.]</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150003"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">VEZEY-STRONG, MAYOR. FIRST SESSION</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MR. JUSTICE DARLING</hi>.</p>
<p>(Tuesday, November 15.)</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-1-19101115" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-1-19101115" type="surname" value="RICHMOND"/>
<interp inst="def1-1-19101115" type="given" value="PERCY"/>
<interp inst="def1-1-19101115" type="occupation" value="porter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHMOND</hi>, Percy (22, porter)</persName>
<rs id="t19101115-1-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-1-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-1-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, feloniously wounding
<persName id="t19101115-name-3" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-3" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-3" type="surname" value="RICHMOND"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-3" type="given" value="EDITH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-1-offence-1 t19101115-name-3"/>Edith Rich
<lb/>mond</persName>, with intent to kill and murder her; (second count) with intent to do her grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Robertson prosecuted; Mr. Purcell defended.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-4" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-4" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-4" type="surname" value="RICHMOND"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-4" type="given" value="EDITH"/>EDITH RICHMOND</persName> </hi>, 17, Myrtle Street, St. Lukes. I am prisoner's wife. On the evening of November 8 I was walking by myself in Red
<lb/>ford Street; prisoner came behind me and said, "Is that you?" and drew something sharp across my throat. I ran home to my mother. Later my mother and aunt were taking me to the hospital when we met prisoner; aunt held him till the police came.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I was married to prisoner on July 3. We lived in the same house with my parents and my aunt and uncle; prisoner never complained of that arrangement. He left me on August 13. When this assault took place there was no quarrel between us; prisoner had been drinking. He never used to give me any money; he spent all he earned on horse-racing and drink.</p>
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<persName id="t19101115-name-5" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-5" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-5" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-5" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>MARGARET DAVIS</persName> </hi>, aunt of Edith Richmond, spoke to detaining prisoner until a policeman came; prisoner was a little bit intoxicated.</p>
<p>Cross-examined, I cannot say whether or not prisoner liked the arrangement of living with his wife's relatives.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-6" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-6" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-6" type="surname" value="MAXWELL"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-6" type="given" value="EDITH"/>EDITH MAXWELL</persName> </hi>, mother of prosecutrix, who was with Mrs. Davis, stated that she said to prisoner, "You have cut my daughter's throat"; he replied (using bad language), "A good job, too"; he looked as though he had been drinking.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HENRY DICKER</hi>, 200 G. On this evening, seeing a crowd in Radford Street, I went up and found prisoner being held by Davis. Davis said, "He has cut my niece's throat." I told pri
<lb/>soner I should arrest him for attempting to murder his wife; he said, "A good job, too." At the station he said to prosecutrix, "You are a lucky girl." Prisoner had been drinking, but Was not drunk; he appeared to be recovering from a drunk. In his inside jacket pocket I found the scissors (produced).</p>
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<p>November, 1910.</p>
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<persName id="t19101115-name-7" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-7" type="surname" value="BURROWS"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-7" type="given" value="JOHN HERBERT"/>JOHN HERBERT BURROWS</persName> </hi>, Divisional Surgeon. On examining prosecutrix at the police station I found she had a deep wound ex
<lb/>tending for about 3 1/2 inches on the left side of the neck, towards the middle line, right through the skin, exposing the structures beneath just missing the jugular vein. The wound might have been a dan
<lb/>gerous one, as septicaemia might have ensued, but everything has gone well so far. There was a second cut, as though a second gash had been made in the throat. The wounds might have been caused by the scissors (produced).</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I do not think that the second wound could have been caused by one of the scissor blades at the same time as the first wound; there were two separate cuts.</p>
<rs id="t19101115-1-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-1-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-1-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs> of wounding with intent to do grievous bodily harm.
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<interp inst="t19101115-1-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-1-19101115 t19101115-1-punishment-1"/>Prisoner was released on his own recognisances in £50 and those of his brother, Frederick Richmond, in a like amount, to come up for judgment if called upon.</rs> Mr. Justice Darling told prisoner that a note would be made to the effect that, if he misbehaved himself and was brought up for judgment, he should receive for this offence a sen
<lb/>tence of at least 18 months' hard labour.</p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">DARE</hi>, Alfred (39, grocer)</persName>
<rs id="t19101115-2-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-2-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-2-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>, rape on
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<interp inst="t19101115-name-9" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-9" type="surname" value="BURLE"/>
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-2-offence-1 t19101115-name-9"/>Harriett Burle</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Clarke Hall prosecuted; Mr. Laurie defended at the request of the Court.</p>
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<interp inst="t19101115-2-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-2-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>Guilty of an attempt to rape.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19101115-2-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-2-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-2-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-2-19101115 t19101115-2-punishment-2"/>Two years' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE RECORDER</hi>.</p>
<p>(Tuesday, November 15.)</p>
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<interp inst="def1-3-19101115" type="given" value="HENRY ERNEST"/>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">HOLMES</hi>, Henry Ernest (48, auxiliary postman),</persName>
<rs id="t19101115-3-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-3-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
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<interp inst="t19101115-3-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-3-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> </hi> of stealing one postal packet containing an order for the payment of 4s. and certain moneys and chattels, the property of His Majesty's Postmaster-General, he being an officer of the Post Office. Sentence,
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-3-19101115 t19101115-3-punishment-3"/>Six months' hard labour.</rs> </hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">WALKER</hi>, Henry Stephen Gibbs (34, assistant postman)</persName>
<rs id="t19101115-4-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-4-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
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<interp inst="t19101115-4-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-4-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> </hi> of stealing one postal packet containing one postal order for 9s., the property of
<persName id="t19101115-name-12" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-12" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-4-offence-1 t19101115-name-12"/>His Majesty's Postmaster-General</persName>, he being an officer of the Post Office.</rs> </p>
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<interp inst="t19101115-4-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-4-19101115 t19101115-4-punishment-4"/>Nine months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-5-19101115" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19101115" type="surname" value="ROGERS"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19101115" type="given" value="ALBERT JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19101115" type="occupation" value="temporary assistant postman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROGERS</hi>, Albert James (18, temporary assistant postman)</persName>
<rs id="t19101115-5-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-5-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-5-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19101115-5-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-5-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-5-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> </hi> of stealing one postal packet containing a postal order for 4s. and five penny postage stamps, the property of
<persName id="t19101115-name-14" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-14" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-5-offence-1 t19101115-name-14"/>His Majesty's Postmaster-General</persName>, he being an officer of the Post Office.</rs> </p>
<p>It was stated (November 16) that prisoner had been in the service of the Post Office since 1907. He had admitted the theft of 28 other postal orders, 17 of which had been cashed. Mr. Black (secretary of</p>
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<p>the Postal Messengers Christian Association for East London) stated that he had known prisoner since 1907, and that it was undoubtedly owing to the number of hours in the day during which he was un
<lb/>employed that he had become associated with betting men, who were the cause of his downfall.</p>
<rs id="t19101115-5-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-5-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-5-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-5-19101115 t19101115-5-punishment-5"/>Sis months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-6-19101115" type="surname" value="EDE"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19101115" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDE</hi>, William Henry (postman),</persName>
<rs id="t19101115-6-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-6-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-6-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19101115-6-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-6-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-6-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> </hi> of stealing one postal packet containing one sovereign, one half-sovereign, one postal order for 5s., and six penny stamps, the property of
<persName id="t19101115-name-16" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-16" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-6-offence-1 t19101115-name-16"/>His Majesty's Post master-General</persName>, he being an officer of the Post Office.</rs> </p>
<p>It was stated in prisoner's defence that he had been for 13 years in the employ of the Post Office, during which time he had borne an excellent character, and that he was in serious straits owing to the illness of his wife when he yielded to the temptation.</p>
<rs id="t19101115-6-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-6-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-6-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-6-19101115 t19101115-6-punishment-6"/>Nine months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-7-19101115" type="given" value="JOHN PATRICK MICHAEL"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19101115" type="occupation" value="postman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">KILLEEN</hi>, John Patrick Michael (24, postman)</persName>
<rs id="t19101115-7-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-7-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-7-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19101115-7-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-7-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-7-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> </hi> of stealing a postal packet containing a Post Office Savings Bank de
<lb/>posit book, and one postal packet containing a postal order for 12s., the property of
<persName id="t19101115-name-18" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-18" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-7-offence-1 t19101115-name-18"/>His Majesty's Postmaster-General</persName>, he being an officer of the Post Office.</rs> </p>
<p>It was stated (November 16) that he had been in the service of the Post Office for nine years. Observation had been kept on postmen in the district for the past two years owing to the complaints that had been received. In his possession were found letters dating from April, 1909, containing £482 19s. 2d. worth of valuable securities in the way of cheques and postal orders.</p>
<rs id="t19101115-7-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-7-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-7-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-7-19101115 t19101115-7-punishment-7"/>18 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<persName id="t19101115-name-19">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-19" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-19" type="age" value="45"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-19" type="surname" value="PATERSON"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-19" type="given" value="WILLIAM MOLLINDINIA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PATERSON</hi>, William Mollindinia (45)</persName>, who
<hi rend="smallCaps">pleaded guilty</hi> last session (see preceding volume, p. 615) of uttering, knowing the same to be forged, a bill of exchange for £28 12s. 8d. and the acceptance thereof, was brought up for judgment.</p>
<p>It was stated that altogether prisoner had discounted as genuine trade acceptances 33 forged bills representing £1,345. There were also 48 genuinely accepted bills, the total amounts of which had been altered from £390 to £2,090. Those bills also were discounted by pri
<lb/>soner as genuine.</p>
<p>The Recorder said that he had received several letters from well
<lb/>known people testifying to the generosity of prisoner in charitable undertakings.</p>
<p>Sentence, 15 months' imprisonment, Second Division.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Tuesday, November 15.)</p>
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<interp inst="def1-9-19101115" type="surname" value="RADMORE"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19101115" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19101115" type="occupation" value="shoemaker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RADMORE</hi>, Henry (65, shoemaker)</persName>
<rs id="t19101115-9-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-9-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-9-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19101115-9-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-9-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-9-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> </hi> of feloniously uttering counterfeit coin twice within 10 days; prisoner confessed to having been convicted at this Court on January 11, 1910, receiving six months' hard labour for uttering. Three other convictions of larceny were proved.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150006"/>
<rs id="t19101115-9-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-9-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-9-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-19101115 t19101115-9-punishment-8"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19101115-10">
<interp inst="t19101115-10" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19101115"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-10" type="date" value="19101115"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19101115-10-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-19101115 t19101115-10-offence-1 t19101115-10-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-10-19101115" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-10-19101115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19101115" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19101115" type="surname" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19101115" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19101115" type="occupation" value="blacksmith"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES</hi>, Charles (36, blacksmith)</persName>
<rs id="t19101115-10-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-10-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-10-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, feloniously possessing counterfeit coin with intent to utter the same.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Pickersgill, M.P., prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK STEVENS</hi>. On October 14 at 10 a.m. I was with Police-constable White in North Street, Clapham, when I saw prisoner examining something in his hand, on seeing us he put, his hand into his jacket pocket. I said, "What were you looking at?" He said, "Nothing, governor," and leant back on a rail and put his hands behind him; White said, "He has dropped a sixpence in the garden." We seized him and found in his jacket pocket the tobacco box (produced) containing 18 counterfeit sixpences wrapped separately in tissue paper. I said, "This is full of counterfeit money, I shall take you to the station." He said, "All right." At the station I took another bad sixpence from his waistcoat pocket—and also nine counterfeit sixpences from his jacket pocket—they were all dated 1908. When charged he said, "I did not think the ones in the box were bad—I had the other two given me." I went to his lodgings, 14, Renshaw Street, Battersea, where I found mould (produced). It has no impression upon it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ARTHUR WHITE</hi>, 975 W, corroborated.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-22" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-22" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-22" type="surname" value="ALEXANDER"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-22" type="given" value="AGNES"/>AGNES ALEXANDER</persName> </hi>, 14, Renshaw Street. Prisoner has occupied the downstairs front room in my house since July 10, 1910.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner is my brother-in-law. The tobacco box (produced) does not belong to him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-23" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-23" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-23" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-23" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>, Inspector of Coins, His Majesty's Mint. The 29 sixpences (produced) are counterfeit, dated 1908, and most of them from the same mould; some of them are doubtful. The circular plaster of paris mould (produced) has nothing on it to show that it is a coining mould.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-24" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-24" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-24" type="surname" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-24" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES JAMES</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). On October 14 I was in North Street, when a man that I know as "George" asked me how I was getting on. I said things were very bad, he then asked me if I had any tobacco. I said "No," he pulled out box (produced) and told me to take some; he then went into an urinal. I took some tobacco out and was about to make a cigarette when I saw the money in the" box. I took two sixpences out and was looking at them when the two detectives arrested me. As they seized me the sixpence fell out of my hand.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have not given this explanation before. Nine sixpences were not found in my pocket. I did not say, "I did not think the ones in the box were bad—I had the other two given me."</p>
<rs id="t19101115-10-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-10-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-10-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150007"/>
<p>Prisoner Confessed to having been convicted at this Court on Sep
<lb/>tember 13, 1909, receiving 12 months, for possessing counterfeit coin under the name of Charles Johnson; five other convictions were proved.</p>
<rs id="t19101115-10-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-10-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-10-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-19101115 t19101115-10-punishment-9"/>18 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19101115-11">
<interp inst="t19101115-11" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19101115"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-11" type="date" value="19101115"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19101115-11-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-19101115 t19101115-11-offence-1 t19101115-11-verdict-1"/>
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<persName id="def1-11-19101115" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-11-19101115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19101115" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19101115" type="surname" value="SYLVESTER"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19101115" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19101115" type="occupation" value="fitter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SYLVESTER</hi>, Henry (25, fitter)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-11-19101115" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-11-19101115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-11-19101115" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def2-11-19101115" type="surname" value="DWYER"/>
<interp inst="def2-11-19101115" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="def2-11-19101115" type="occupation" value="canvasser"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DWYER</hi>, Robert (19, canvasser)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-11-19101115" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-11-19101115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-11-19101115" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def3-11-19101115" type="surname" value="RICHARDSON"/>
<interp inst="def3-11-19101115" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def3-11-19101115" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARDSON</hi>, Henry (19, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19101115-11-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-11-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-11-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, all
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19101115-11-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-11-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-11-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> </hi> of un
<lb/>lawfully possessing counterfeit coin with intent to utter the same; all unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin four times in two days.</rs> </p>
<p>Four previous convictions of 12 months, three months, three months, and 12 months for larceny were proved against Sylvester. The other prisoners were said to have been lately in good employment and to have been led away by Sylvester.</p>
<rs id="t19101115-11-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-11-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-11-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-19101115 t19101115-11-punishment-10"/>Sylvester, 18 months' hard labour</rs>;
<rs id="t19101115-11-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-11-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-11-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-11-19101115 t19101115-11-punishment-11"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-11-19101115 t19101115-11-punishment-11"/>Dwyer and Richard
<lb/>son (each) one month imprisonment, second division.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19101115-12">
<interp inst="t19101115-12" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19101115"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-12" type="date" value="19101115"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19101115-12-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-19101115 t19101115-12-offence-1 t19101115-12-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-12-19101115" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-12-19101115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19101115" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19101115" type="surname" value="DREW"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19101115" type="given" value="HARLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19101115" type="occupation" value="newsvendor"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DREW</hi>, Harley (25, newsvendor)</persName>
<rs id="t19101115-12-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-12-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-12-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19101115-12-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-12-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-12-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> </hi> of feloniously pos
<lb/>sessing a mould in and upon which was impressed the obverse and re
<lb/>verse sides of a florin, and divers other articles for the manufacture of counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19101115-12-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-12-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-12-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-19101115 t19101115-12-punishment-12"/>Nine months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MR. JUSTICE DARLING</hi>.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, November 16.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19101115-13">
<interp inst="t19101115-13" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19101115"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-13" type="date" value="19101115"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19101115-13-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-19101115 t19101115-13-offence-1 t19101115-13-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-13-19101115" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-13-19101115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19101115" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19101115" type="surname" value="BRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19101115" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19101115" type="occupation" value="porter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BRIGHT</hi>, Harry (23, porter)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t19101115-13-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-13-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-13-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/> for and charged on the coroner's inquisition with the wilful murder of
<persName id="t19101115-name-30" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-30" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-30" type="surname" value="LESTER"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-30" type="given" value="BESSIE AMY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-13-offence-1 t19101115-name-30"/>Bessie Amy Lester</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Bodkin and Mr. Graham-Campbell prosecuted; Mr. Curtis Ben
<lb/>nett and Mr. Waldo R. Briggs defended.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-31" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-31" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-31" type="surname" value="LESTER"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-31" type="given" value="ALICE"/>ALICE LESTER</persName> </hi>, wife of Richard T. Lester, 46, Durham Road, Totten
<lb/>ham. My stepdaughter, Bessie Amy Lester, was 17 years old, and had been engaged to prisoner for about 12 months. He used to come to our house nearly every night. On October 28 he had been out with Bessie and they returned just before nine. I was sitting in the kitchen; prisoner and Bessie were in the passage outside; I heard them talking; presently I heard a scuffle and a scream. I went out and found Bessie just getting up off the floor; prisoner had gone away. Bessie was bleeding; I took her into the washhouse. called for assist
<lb/>ance, and went for a doctor; when I got back Bessie was dead.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I used to see a great deal of the prisoner; he was rather hasty tempered and sometimes excitable—not more than ordi
<lb/>nary people. Apart from little tiffs, I knew of no quarrels between him and Bessie.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-32" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-32" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-32" type="surname" value="DIGHTON"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-32" type="given" value="THOMAS JOHN"/>THOMAS JOHN DIGHTON</persName> </hi>. I have for some time been keeping com
<lb/>pany with Gladys, a sister of Bessie Lester, and frequently met pris
<lb/>oner. On October 28 I was at 46, Durham Road, and saw prisoner; he talked of not feeling well; he had a sore throat. He and Bessie always seemed on pretty good terms and fond of each other. While</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150008"/>
<p>I and Gladys were in the parlour I heard a sort of scuffle in the pas
<lb/>gage, where prisoner and Bessie were—as though they were larking about. Presently I heard a scream, and on going out saw that Bessie was wounded. I did not see prisoner, but I heard the front door opened and closed.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner has a withered right arm; I do not know that that worried him. He was a friendly, sociable sort of fellow.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GREGORY</hi>, living on the first floor of 46, Durham Road, said that on coming home on this night she saw Bessie and prisoner in the pas
<lb/>sage; they appeared to be on friendly terms.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-33" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-33" type="surname" value="GREGORY"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-33" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER J. GREGORY</persName> </hi>, husband of last witness, spoke to hearing a scream and coming down to render assistance to Bessie.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM NICHOLLS</hi>, 273 N. On October 28, about 9.45 p.m., I was on duty in Mount Pleasant Road, a few minutes walk from Durham Road, when prisoner came to me and said, "I have done my girl in"; I asked him where; he said, "I shan't tell you where till I get to the station." He was in a shaky condition; he had no hat on; his hands were covered with blood. I took him to the station.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALFRED DAVIS</hi>, L Division. I was at Tottenham Police Station when prisoner was brought in by Nicholls. Prisoner was very agitated, restless, and nervous—all on the move. I said to him, "What is the matter?" he said, "I cannot tell you, I will write it down"; he then wrote down, "H. Bright, 33, Steele Road, Totten
<lb/>ham; Elizabeth Lester, 46, Durham Road"; pointing to the latter address he said, "I have done my girl in as this address." He seemed quite to understand what he was talking about. On going to 46, Durham Road, I saw the body of Bessie Lester in the kitchen; her throat was cut; her blouse was covered with blood; there was blood along the passage and on the walls from the front door to the kitchen; I also saw there a razor covered with blood, and a man's hat. On being charged prisoner made no reply.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM J. S. EWIN</hi>, 99, Philip Lane, Tottenham. About 10.10 on October 28 I was called to 46, Durham Road. I there saw the dead body of Bessie Lester; she had been dead a few minutes. On the right side of the neck was a cut wound, which had severed the carotid artery and the right internal jugular vein; it was about 3 1/2 in. long, and had penetrated down to the spinal column. The cause of death was loss of blood from the wound. I found on the floor of the passage the razor produced; it had fresh blood upon it; the wound might have been inflicted with that razor.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have not examined prisoner. It is generally supposed in the medical profession that, where a mother is sufferings from insanity at the time she is carrying a child, the insanity may be transmitted to the child; it is not always the case. If that happens, it may also happen that the tendency to insanity may lie dormant for some time. Although not actually tainted with insanity, a child born under such circumstances may be of weak mental balance; he may suffer from some nervous disease; paralysis may be a nervous disease.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I attended prisoner's mother in her thirteenth con
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150009"/>
<p>in 1902; her condition was then quite normal. I do not know the prisoner at all.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-34" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-34" type="surname" value="BRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-34" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY BRIGHT</persName> </hi>, father of prisoner. My wife is 54 years old; we have other children, younger and older than prisoner; his age is about He attended school till he was about 14; I think he got into the seventh standard. He then went to different situations. His last was as a printer's labourer; he lived at home with us. When he was be
<lb/>tween two and three years old he had a very severe attack of diphtheria, followed by paralysis in the right arm; he was for five months in the Hospital for Paralysis, and was discharged as incurable; his arm has ever since been withered. He also has some malformation of one of his feet. Notwithstanding this, he has as a young man gone in for games, such as football; he was regarded as a very decent football player. The razor produced is mine; it was always kept in a cup
<lb/>board at home; prisoner has used it to shave himself. I believe I last saw the razor when I used it on October 27. About this time prisoner seemed very low and depressed and run down and was doctored by his mother at home.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. He had been in this depressed low state for more, than a week before October 28. I have been married 33 years and have had 13 children; six are dead. My wife has suffered mentally; she has been three times in a lunatic asylum and twice treated at home. The insanity in nearly every case was at the time of her pregnancy and immediately after childbirth, during these attacks she would become very violent; once she nearly succeeded in strangling me; another time she struck me down with a flat-iron; another time she threw a sauce
<lb/>pan of boiling water in my face. In 1900 she attempted to cut my throat. She has also attempted to commit suicide. She was very jealous and suspicious of me, entirely without reason.</p>
<p>Re-examined. The other children I have living are all well.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-35" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-35" type="surname" value="CRIMMEN"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-35" type="given" value="PERCY"/>PERCY CRIMMEN</persName> </hi>, printer's labourer. I have been a fellow-workman with prisoner for nearly three years. He always got on very well, jolly and sociable, with his fellow-workmen. About the beginning of October I noticed that he seemed to be unwell, not himself at all, worried; he; would sit down and hold his head in his hands. I spoke to him about it, but could get no definite answer; he said, "I don't feel well at all." On October 36 he seemed very depressed; he was hoarse with a cold.</p>
<p>This concluded the case for the prosecution.</p>
<p>Mr. Bodkin said that Dr. Dyer, the medical officer of Brixton Prison, was in attendance, but it was not for the prosecution to call him; the burden of proof of insanity rested on the defence.</p>
<p>Mr. Curtis Bennett. I call no evidence.</p>
<p>Mr. Bodkin referred his Lordship to a report made by Dr. Dyer. Although it was no part of the case for the prosecution, his Lordship had power to suggest whether or not Dr. Dyer should be called.</p>
<p>Mr. Justice Darling (after referring to the report). I shall do nothing; I shall leave it entirely to the counsel who defend the pris
<rs id="t19101115-13-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-13-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-13-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty of wilful murder.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19101115-13-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-13-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-13-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-19101115 t19101115-13-punishment-13"/>Death.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19101115-14" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19101115"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-14" type="date" value="19101115"/>
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<persName id="def1-14-19101115" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-14-19101115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19101115" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19101115" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19101115" type="given" value="OLIVER"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19101115" type="occupation" value="barber"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SMITH</hi>, Oliver (33, barber)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t19101115-14-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-14-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-14-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/> for and charged on the Coroner's inquisition with the wilful murder of
<persName id="t19101115-name-37" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-37" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-37" type="surname" value="GASSON"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-37" type="given" value="HARRIETT LUCY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-14-offence-1 t19101115-name-37"/>Harriett Lucy Gasson</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Muir, Mr. Leicester, and Mr. Oddie prosecuted; Mr. John O'Connor and Mr. Godson Bonn defended.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-38" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-38" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-38" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-38" type="given" value="EUSTACE"/>EUSTACE SMITH</persName> </hi>. I am no relation of prisoner. Harriet Lucy Gasson was my sister-in-law. I identified her body at the mortuary. She was a single woman, 37 years old. Nearly two years ago she had a child; I do not know who the father was; it was not prisoner. She put the child out to nurse with a Mrs. Blowes at On gar, paying 5s. a week. I think prisoner became acquainted with Gasson in May, 1909; she was then a domestic servant; in May last they commenced to live together at 67, Earlsmead Road, Kensal Rise. I visited them there; they always seemed on good terms.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. They were on quite affectionate terms, and I knew of no quarrels between them. Prisoner knew about her child.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-39" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-39" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-39" type="surname" value="LAMBARD"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-39" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY LAMBARD</persName> </hi>, hairdresser, Harrow Road. Prisoner entered my employment in April last; his earnings were 30s. a week. On October 7 he did not come to work as usual, and I went to his house, 67, Earls
<lb/>mead Road. I there saw Mr. Jones, who tried prisoner's door, but failed to get in. I did not see prisoner again.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner had his wages on Friday nights. On Wednesday, October 5, he asked for a portion of his wages due on the 7th; he did not give a reason. I have seen him and Gasson walking to
<lb/>gether, and thought they were man and wife.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-40" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-40" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-40" type="surname" value="HOWARD"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-40" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS A. HOWARD</persName> </hi>, a fellow resident with prisoner at Lambard's, identified the razor (Exhibit 3) as identical with one that prisoner had in his possession.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-41" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-41" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-41" type="surname" value="NEWBY"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-41" type="given" value="GERTRUDE"/>GERTRUDE NEWBY</persName> </hi>. I live at 65, next door to 67, Earlsmead Road. On October 7 I saw prisoner and Gasson together at their door, in the morning and afternoon; Gasson seemed all right, but she told me she Had a sore throat.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. She and prisoner always seemed on pleasant, affectionate terms.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-42" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-42" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-42" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-42" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER JONES</persName> </hi>. I occupy the flat above that of the prisoner. On Friday, October 7, I saw him come home; he then seemed all right. On the following morning, just after eight, I heard sounds like a woman moaning coming from prisoner's rooms. A little later I went down-stairs for something, and saw prisoner coming out of his kitchen; he was humming to himself; at half past eight I saw him go out of the house. I did not see him again that day, or on the Sunday or the Monday. On Sunday I looked through the curtains into prisoner's kitchen; I could see the breakfast things on the table, but nothing else. On the Mon
<lb/>day I looked again, and I saw the body of a woman lying in blood on the floor. When Inspector Mercer came I gave him my key to unlock the front-parlour door.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I was in bed when I heard the moaning; it was like a woman fainting away; if there had been any struggle I think I should have Heard it. I had never heard any quarrelling between prisoner and deceased.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150011"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ARTHUR MACER</hi>, X Division. On the afternoon of October 10 I went to 67, Earlsmead Road. Jones gave me a key of the front room of the lower flat; in that room I found a key, with which I opened the kitchen door. Just behind the door I found the dead body of a woman lying at full length on the floor, on her stomach, in a large pool of blood; on her left side was an overturned chair; she was dressed in a dressing-gown, chemise, and carpet slippers. The remains of breakfast were on the table. On the dresser I found the razor (Ex
<lb/>hibit 3); it was blood-stained, with some hair adhering to the blade. On the floor I found the pair of trousers produced; they were splashed with blood down the front. Apart from the overturned chair there were no signs of disorder in the room.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HENRY SUCH</hi>, Essex Constabulary. On October 11 pri
<lb/>soner came into Grays Police Station, and said, "You might let In
<lb/>spector Barrett know I am here." I said, "Do you wish to surrender yourself for anything that you have done?" He said, "Yes, in connec
<lb/>tion with the murder of my wife at 67, Earlsmead Road, Kensal Rise." He produced a newspaper dated October 11, giving an account of the murder, stating that "Inspector Barrett has the case in hand," and giving a description of me man who was wanted; pointing to that, prisoner said, "That is intended for me." I found on searching him a farthing, two keys, and a pottle containing spirits of salts; this was in a paper wrapper which I think had not been opened; it had been pur
<lb/>chased from a chemist at Southend, whose label was on the bottle. Prisoner subsequently made a statement embodying what I have just said, which was written down and signed by him.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner at no time said that he was guilty of murdering his wife. When he told me he wanted to see Barrett in connection with a murder I said to him, "I do not want to take advan
<lb/>tage of you, but whatever you say I must take notice of it."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ARTHUR E. SACHS</hi>, Essex Constabulary. I was placed in charge of prisoner by last witness on October 11. Prisoner commenced to say something to me and I stopped him and asked, "Do you wish to make a statement?" He said, "I only want to tell you how the thing happened. On Friday night I had a quarrel with my wife over some money. She pays 5s. a week for the keep of a child she had before we were married; she could not tell me what she had done with the money, and that caused the trouble. On Saturday morning I got up as usual; at 10 minutes to eight I went into my bedroom to put on my collar, and my wife started nagging at me again. I went out of the bedroom and went to my wife; she clutched at my throat and got hold of my collar, faying, 'Finish it, oh, finish it.' I noticed a cut on her throat, and that she was bleeding a little from the cut. I took the razor and finished the job. I then went into the bedroom and looked into the mirror and saw blood marks on my collar. I changed my collar and left the house. The man that lives above me saw me come away." Later on prisoner gave me a pawnticket, show
<lb/>ing the pledging of a ring for 3s. at Southend on October 10.</p>
<p>Chief Inspector
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN KANE</hi>, New Scotland Yard. Having taken charge of this case I, on October 11, went with Inspector Barrett to</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150012"/>
<p>Grays Police Station and there saw prisoner. I told him for what he would be arrested, and he said, "I quite understand; I know what I gave myself up for; I am glad it is all over." In reply to the formal charge (at Kilburn Police Station) he said, "I am not guilty on the charge of wilful murder." Prisoner produced two keys, saying that one was the key of the front door of his Hat and the other the key of his bedroom.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have here prisoner's medical history sheet from the army and his record. (The documents showed that prisoner was invalided at a station in India in April, 1903, suffering from fever, and at another Indian station in August, 1903, suffering from debility. Another document produced showed that Charles Oliver, uncle of prisoner's mother, was in May, 1872, confined in Mickleover Lunatic Asylum; in 1884 Oliver attacked and dangerously wounded the medical superintendent; he was then sent to Broadmoor Criminal Lunatic Asylum, where he died in 1892. Another document showed that Ada Moore (prisoner's first cousin) was admitted to Mickleover Asylum in 1908 and discharged in 1909. Prisoner's army record showed that he joined in 1901; he deserted his regiment in July, 1908; he had then risen to be lance-corporal, and in less than a year would have served his full time.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">EDWARD BARRETT</hi>, New Scotland Yard, having spoken to finding in prisoner's rooms a bloodstained collar and tie, stated that on the journey from Grays to London prisoner said, "I was like a man in a trance; I suppose you found my collar in the bedroom with the blood
<lb/>stains on it; that is where she got Hold of me; she tried to do it on herself first and then begged me to finish it. I think she was worried a bit about the money for the child at Ongar. I thought she had got the money. She has been a good girl to me. I little thought last Monday when I read about Crippen that I should be so near to him. After I did it my only thought was to get away." Later, prisoner pointed to a scar on his forehead and said, "This was done when I was a little boy; it makes me feel dicky sometimes."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-43" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-43" type="surname" value="ROBERTSON"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-43" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE ROBERTSON</persName> </hi>, divisional surgeon. I made the post-mortem examination of Gasson. She was seven months pregnant. There were three cuts in her throat, neither of which could have been self inflicted; great violence must have been used. The cause of death was the cutting of the throat.</p>
<p>(Thursday, November 17.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-44" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-44" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-44" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-44" type="given" value="MARY ALICE"/>MARY ALICE SMITH</persName> </hi>, of Chesterfield. I am prisoner's half-sister. and am 16 years his senior. From the time of his birth his abnormally large head was noticeable. During his boyhood I was at home a great deal, being an invalid, and had opportunities of noticing his growing up. There was great difficulty in getting him to see the difference be
<lb/>tween right and wrong. As far as possible, he was not punished if he did wrong, for fear of upsetting him; he was so violent; he would</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150013"/>
<p>go off like gunpowder. In 1892 he was apprenticed to Mr. Heathcote, a hairdresser. At this time he would occasionally go away for a day or two together. Also he would leave his business place and come home and sit in a chair holding his head in his hands. Ada Moore was prisoner's own cousin, on his mother's side. She was in a lunatic asylum in 1908-09.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. There is no insanity in my father's family Ada Moore was 24 or 25 years old when she went into the asylum; she was a general servant; after being in the asylum for about a year she was discharged cured, and is now in another situation, doing very nicely. Prisoner as a young man seemed to lose control of himself, I was some
<lb/>times afraid of him. After serving his apprenticeship as a hairdresser to Heathcote he went to Matlock to manage a shop in the same line for my brother, and then started a business of his own in Chesterfield. It was not a success, as he did not attend to it properly; I think gambling had something to do with it; he did not drink. Prisoner in his boyhood was never attended by a doctor in respect of the strange
<lb/>ness I have spoken of, but he was treated for running at the ears.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">E. H. HEATHCOTE</hi>, hairdresser, Chesterfield. Prisoner came to me under indentures for six years from 1892. While with me he was very different from the other boys I had; on the slightest provocation he would go into a violent rage and temper; he would leave the shop and go away in the middle of the day. He would be very sullen and morose. At these times be gave me the impression that he was not exactly in his right mind; on one occasion I have seen him froth at the mouth.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I noticed these peculiarities soon after he came to me; I did not think him dangerous, but a little bit "gone." I told his parents that I did not think him quite all right in his head; I seriously thought so; yet I went on letting him shave customers in my shop.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-45" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-45" type="surname" value="WHEATCROFT"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-45" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES WHEATCROFT</persName> </hi>, of Chesterfield, prisoner's uncle on the mother's side, spoke to the confinement in an asylum of Charles Oliver, uncle of prisoner's mother. (See Kane's evidence.)</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Charles Oliver had three brothers, who were all right.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-46" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-46" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-46" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH SMITH</persName> </hi>, Chesterfield. I am own brother of prisoner. I re
<lb/>member while he was apprenticed to Heathcote he used some times to come home and sit with his head in his hands, and if you asked him anything he would not answer. Occasionally he has gone away for a day, and we would not know where he was. Once he disappeared for two days; I heard that he was in Sheffield; I went there and found him walking the streets and brought him home; he would not say why he had gone or what he had been doing.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. He was very hasty tampered; it never struck us that he was insane.</p>
<p>This concluded the evidence for the defence.</p>
<p>Mr. Muir pointed out that in the course of the case for the prosecution no questions were put in cross-examination of Lambard and Howard, who had for a long period been in touch daily with the prisoner, to indicate that the defence of insanity would be raised. Counsel proposed now to recall Lambard</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150014"/>
<p>and Howard, and to call Dr. Dyer, who had had prisoner under observation in Brixton prison.</p>
<p>Mr. O'Connor submitted that the prosecution must be confined to the evidence they had placed before the jury as their completed case.</p>
<p>Mr. Justice Darling. Is not the question whether the defence has been raised by the cross-examination?</p>
<p>Mr. Muir referred to a recent Resolution of the Judges on this subject; the terms of the Resolution were not to be found in any reported case, but it was to the effect that it was not for the Crown to call evidence of sanity. Since that Resolution the practice had been for the Crown not to call evidence of sanity at all, even though the cross-examination of their witnesses pointed to the probability that insanity would be raised. At any rate, it seemed to be clear that any evidence 'upon the point in possession of the Crown should be reserved until a case of insanity was set up by the defence, either by cross
<lb/>examination or by substantive evidence, and in the latter event the Crown evi
<lb/>dence could only be got in by way of rebuttal.</p>
<p>Mr. Justice Darling. Apart from that Resolution, the rule as to rebutting evidence is that it is really a matter for the discretion of the judge presiding t the trial. Of course he will, in exercising his discretion, see that no injustice is done to the accused by allowing the evidence to be given at the time it is asked to be given as rebutting evidence; short of that, it is a matter, in every case, for the discretion of the judge. Here it is obvious that no injustice can be done, and I shall allow you to call the prison doctor.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-47" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-47" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-47" type="surname" value="DYER"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-47" type="given" value="SIDNEY REGINALD"/>SIDNEY REGINALD DYER</persName> </hi>, medical officer of Brixton Prison. I have had prisoner under observation since he has been in prison, and have had several interviews with him; I have heard all the evidence here. I could discover no illusions or hallucinations or any other indications of insanity; he has suffered from headaches while he has been in hos
<lb/>pital, but during the whole time he has been rational. The headaches may have arisen from some fever contracted in India. I have learned that in his young days he suffered from chronic otorrhea, a running of pus from the ear; there is no trace of that disease now. Under my observation of him since October 12 I can discover nothing irrational in his conduct or conversation, and I see no reason to suppose that he was insane on October A.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner seems to have led rather a nomad and restless sort of existence; that is an indication of insanity in one special form, namely, masked epilepsy. I know that as a child pris
<lb/>oner was irritable and upset and complained of pains in his head. I do not agree that headache is an indication of insanity; it may be a symptom. As to "impulsive insanity" I say that in my experience, extending over 25 years in these cases, impulsive insanity per se is a very rare condition. You have to look to the previous history of similar attacks, and here I could find none. [Extracts from "Taylor's Medical Jurisprudence" were put to witness; while acknowledging that the work was one of authority, witness declined to accept the pro
<lb/>position—(vide sub-heading "Confession")—that the sane criminal "generally made every attempt to conceal all traces of the crime, and denied it to the last," or that—generally—confession of the crime was symptomatic of insanity.] I have had before me prisoner's Army record; I know that he deserted a short time before he would have been released in ordinary course. I do not agree that this was an unreason
<lb/>able and motiveless act indicating a "change of character." I will not say, from my experience, that a sudden and violent change of character</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150015"/>
<p>is necessarily evidence of insanity. I do not agree that prisoner's desertion from the Army was motiveless." He was in arrears in paying maintenance for his wife.</p>
<p>A Juror. We did not understand that this man had a wife living. Witness. Yes; he was married, and an order had been made to part of his pay to be sent to his wife, and these payments were in arrear. Therefore his desertion from the Army cannot be said to have been "motiveless." I do not agree that a sane criminal always tries to hide up his offence; the fact that this prisoner did not attempt to conceal the body or to hide the razor or his bloodstained clothes, I do not regard as a sign of insanity; it may show indifference; indifference is a characteristic of the insane, but also of the sane.</p>
<p>Re-examined. The fact that prisoner took off his bloodstained collar and trousers and left them behind does not show indifference. My opinion now is that at the time he committed this act he did know the nature and quality of it and that it was wrong. In the case of acts of impulsive insanity, they are generally automatic, and the actor does not remember what he has done; this prisoner's detailed state
<lb/>ment shows that he remembered what had happened and points to sanity.</p>
<rs id="t19101115-14-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-14-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-14-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<rs id="t19101115-14-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-14-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-14-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-19101115 t19101115-14-punishment-14"/>Death.</rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE RECORDER</hi>.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, November 16.)</p>
<persName id="t19101115-name-48">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-48" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-48" type="age" value="39"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-48" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-48" type="given" value="EMILY"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-48" type="occupation" value="charwoman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">KING</hi>, Emily (39, charwoman)</persName>, who was last Session (see preceding volume, p. 665)
<hi rend="smallCaps">convicted of wounding to murder</hi>
<persName id="t19101115-name-49" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-49" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-49" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>Herbert King</persName>, and to do him some grievous bodily harm, and
<hi rend="smallCaps">pleaded guilty</hi> of attempt
<lb/>ing to commit suicide, was brought up for judgment.</p>
<p>It was stated that arrangements had been made for prisoner's future, and that the two youngest children were to go into Dr. Barnardo's home. She was released on her own recognisances in £25 to come up for judgment if called upon.</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19101115-16">
<interp inst="t19101115-16" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19101115"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-16" type="date" value="19101115"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19101115-16-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-19101115 t19101115-16-offence-1 t19101115-16-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-16-19101115" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-16-19101115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19101115" type="age" value="43"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19101115" type="surname" value="LOWE"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19101115" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19101115" type="occupation" value="shoemaker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LOWE</hi>, George (43, shoemaker)</persName>
<rs id="t19101115-16-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-16-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-16-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, feloniously demanding and obtain
<lb/>ing by virtue of forged instruments, knowing the same to be forged, to wit, upon forged and altered (Savings Bank deposit books, the sums of 9s. and 2s. 4d., in each case with intent to defraud. Prisoner
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19101115-16-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-16-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-16-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> </hi> of the charge as to the 2s. 4d.; the other charges were not gone into. He confessed to a previous conviction for misdemeanour at Bow Street Police Court on June 12, 1909.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PERCY WHITE</hi> (General Post Office) proved a further con
<lb/>viction in 1905 against prisoner as a rogue Ana vagabond. He had once held a good position which he lost through drink.</p>
<rs id="t19101115-16-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-16-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-16-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-19101115 t19101115-16-punishment-15"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19101115-17">
<interp inst="t19101115-17" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19101115"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-17" type="date" value="19101115"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19101115-17-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-19101115 t19101115-17-offence-1 t19101115-17-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19101115-17-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-19101115 t19101115-17-offence-2 t19101115-17-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19101115-17-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-19101115 t19101115-17-offence-3 t19101115-17-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-17-19101115" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-17-19101115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19101115" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19101115" type="surname" value="HINDE"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19101115" type="given" value="STANLEY RUDOLPH"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19101115" type="occupation" value="billiard-marker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HINDE</hi>, Stanley Rudolph (17, billiard-marker)</persName>
<rs id="t19101115-17-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-17-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-17-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, stealing' £10 5s. 6d., the moneys of
<persName id="t19101115-name-52" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-52" type="surname" value="MEADMORE"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-52" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-17-offence-1 t19101115-name-52"/>>William Meadmore</persName> his employer</rs>;
<rs id="t19101115-17-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-17-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-17-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>forging a certain notice of withdrawal for the payment of money, with intent to defraud</rs>;
<rs id="t19101115-17-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-17-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-17-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>forging a certain form of receipt for £2 10s., with intent to defraud, and thereby feloniously obtaining the said sum of £2 10s., the moneys of the
<persName id="t19101115-name-53" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-53" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-17-offence-3 t19101115-name-53"/>Postmaster-General</persName>.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150016"/>
<rs id="t19101115-17-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-17-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-17-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>Prisoner pleaded guilty of the charge relating to the £10 5s. 6d.</rs>
<rs id="t19101115-17-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-17-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="miscVerdict"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-17-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>The other two indictments, on the suggestion of the Recorder, were allowed to remain on the file.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner confessed to a conviction of felony on June 23, 1910 at Kingston-on-Thames Petty Sessional Court, when he was bound over in a sum of £10.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">EDWARD MOY</hi>, V Division, proved this conviction. Detective Lee, K Division, detailed the circumstances under which prisoner had stolen the £10 5s. 6d., and stated that he had been dis
<lb/>missed from the Clarendon Hotel, Oxford, being suspected of dis
<lb/>honesty. He had been discharged from the Navy, where he had been for two years, having been suspected of stealing money. It was owing to this fact that he was stated to be unsuitable for the Borstal system.</p>
<rs id="t19101115-17-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-17-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-17-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-19101115 t19101115-17-punishment-16"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>, the Recorder stating that in the sentence he was taking into account the circumstance of the proceed
<lb/>ings before the Kingston Bench.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19101115-18">
<interp inst="t19101115-18" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19101115"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-18" type="date" value="19101115"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19101115-18-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-19101115 t19101115-18-offence-1 t19101115-18-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-18-19101115" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-18-19101115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19101115" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19101115" type="surname" value="GARNETT"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19101115" type="given" value="CHARLES WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19101115" type="occupation" value="jeweller"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GARNETT</hi>, Charles William (26, jeweller)</persName>
<rs id="t19101115-18-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-18-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-18-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, feloniously stealing a peridot and diamond cross, the property of
<persName id="t19101115-name-55" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-55" type="surname" value="RICHARDS"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-55" type="given" value="FRANCIS WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-18-offence-1 t19101115-name-55"/>Francis William Richards</persName> and another.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HUBERT SMITH</hi>. At 11.15 a.m., on October 26, I arrested prisoner at Highbury Station, Holloway Road. I read the warrant to him and he made no reply. I took him by the Tube Rail
<lb/>way to the Bank. When he got out I noticed that he had left this paper (Exhibit 1) behind. I told him of it and he made no reply. I picked it up; I had seen it in his possession before. On the way to the Minories Police Station he said, "Are you Detective-sergeant smith?" I said, "Yes." He said, "I wanted to see you at 2.30 to-day." I had made no appointment with him.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I knew Mr. Spong had referred him to me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-56" type="surname" value="COURLANDER"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-56" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>HERBERT COURLANDER</persName> </hi>, assistant to William Lund and Son, 56 and 57, Cornhill, E.C. On October 4 prisoner came in and asked us if we would let him have the peridot and diamond cross that was in the window on approval to show to a customer. On his asking me I told him the price was £50. He said his name was Garnett, of the firm of Meyrick and Garnett, 18, Poland Street. I understood they were whole
<lb/>sale jewellers. I then referred to my principal, and returned and asked him when he wanted it. I agreed to let him have it on approval, and he said he would let us know. Mr. Gibson, my principal, was present at the interview. About 9.15 a.m. on October 14 he came in again. I told him to return at 10 a.m., as I wanted to consult my principal, who did not arrive until that time. He returned at 10.15 a.m., and I handed him the cross. This book contains the carbon copy of the approbation note which he signed, and of which he took away the ori
<lb/>ginal: "56 and 57, Cornhill, London, October 14,1910. Messrs. Mey
<lb/>rick and Garnett, 18, Portland Street, W. On approbation from</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150017"/>
<p>William Lund and Son. 17036. Peridot and diamond cross, £50. Above article remains our property until invoiced by us, and must be returned to us immediately on demand.—H.C." The note at the end is in my writing. Prisoner took exception to it, saying he could not see his cus
<lb/>tomer till Monday. He asked us to leave it over till Tuesday, and I agreed. He then wrote in brackets, "Until Tuesday," as it appears now. I then tore out the original and gave it to him with the cross. On Tuesday, October 18, not having returned it, Mr. Richards wrote to him at Poland Street We had no reply on the 19th, and a letter was written to him on October 20, which was taken by hand and brought back undelivered. On October 21 this letter (Exhibit 5) was written to him, which I myself took to his address, 9a, Maryville, Sydney Road, Mus
<lb/>well Hill. I could not gain admission there, so I took it to the Rev. Garnett, who, I believe, is his father, at "East Dene," Bow Lane, East Finchley. I found prisoner was living there. It was afterward handed by his solicitor to the magistrate and read. It says: "Sir,—Referring to the peridot and diamond cross taken from us on approba
<lb/>tion on October 14 last, we hereby request you to deliver same to the bearer our representative, and we also have to inform you that unless the cross is returned to us to-day, we shall at once take proceedings against you without further notice." I look at Exhibit 1, and compare it with the writing on the approbation note, and form the opinion that they are written by the same hand. Exhibit 1, the writing on the newspaper, says: "Please receive receipt for the payment I have made to Attenborough in settlement of your cross. As I explained to your Mr. Richards last night, the arrangement made at the time I had the cross was for you to leave the matter open until yesterday. My idea at the time I pawned it was to get about £20 or £30 on it, as I thought it would show my customer he had a bargain, but Attenborough would only lend £6 on it. I kept to my arrangement, and would have done the business or returned it last night if Attenborough had let me have it." I was present every time prisoner called, and heard every
<lb/>thing that took place. Nothing was said on the signing of the appro
<lb/>bation note about a week or ten days.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not know who he was when he called, but my principal did. I was in business on my own account two years ago, and, to the best of my recollection, I never bought anything from Meyrick and Garnett. I have known Meyrick practically all my life, and know that he has dissolved partnership. The peridot is not a brittle stone, nor is it difficult to handle. There are any amount about. We have had this one about 18 months. When it was given to pri
<lb/>soner it was wrapped in cotton wool and tissue paper. He did not say he could only see his customer at week ends. The conversation was en
<lb/>tirely between myself and prisoner; Mr. Gibson only interpolated re
<lb/>marks. I took my instructions from him however, I was the inter
<lb/>mediary between him and prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-57" type="surname" value="GREGORY"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-57" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS GREGORY</persName> </hi>, porter at Lund and Son. On October 20 a letter was handed to me by last witness to deliver to Meyrick and Garnett,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150018"/>
<p>18, Poland Street, W. I took it there, but I could not deliver it as the premises were locked up and no one was there. I returned it to Mr. Courlander.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-58" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-58" type="surname" value="SPONG"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-58" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY SPONG</persName> </hi>, assistant, 6. Attenborough and Son, pawnbrokers, 193, Fleet Street, E.C. About midday on October 14 prisoner, whom I had never seen before, came in with this pendant, and asked £6 for it. I offered him £5 at first. He said he would not accept that, as it was worth quite £6 and that it had cost him £26. I lent him £6. He did not say anything about it being worth £50. He gave the name of Whitaker, of Connaught Club. I asked him where that was, and he said Marble Arch. I produce the duplicate pawn ticket. On the 24th Detective-sergeant Smith came to me and I showed the cross to him. He brought Mr. Richards in the afternoon and he identified it. About 1.45 p.m. the next day I saw prisoner, who produced the ticket, tendered £6 and 2s. interest, and asked for the pendant. I told him we had an intimation from the police that it was stolen and we could not deliver it to him. He paid the £6 2s., and I gave him a receipt. I referred him to Sergeant Smith, and he said he would go and see him at once. The next day I returned the pendant to the owners' solicitors.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. He has not sold goods to my firm. We were in the back part of the shop at the interview.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-59" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-59" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-59" type="surname" value="RICHARDS"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-59" type="given" value="FRANCIS WILLIAM"/>FRANCIS WILLIAM RICHARDS</persName> </hi>. I carry on business with Mr. Gibson as William Lund and Son, manufacturing jewellers, 56 and 57, Corn
<lb/>hill, E.C. In consequence of information I had received on Octo
<lb/>ber 18 I wrote a letter to prisoner, and myself went to 18, Poland Street, where on the second floor there is a brass plate with "Mey
<lb/>rick" upon it. The premises were closed and padlocked. I caused the letter of the 20th, demanding the return of the pendant, to be written. I received the letter of the 21st in answer (Mr. Courlander identified the writing as that of prisoner's). It says, "Yours to hand with thanks. There is some misunderstanding over sale. I pointed out at the time that I had a pendant on approval to leave it open for a week or so, and intended sending same on Tuesday next. How
<lb/>ever, I will show it to my customer immediately and let you have an answer as requested either late on Saturday or early Monday." I identify this pendant as my property.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-60" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-60" type="surname" value="GARNETT"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-60" type="given" value="CHARLES WILLIAM"/>CHARLES WILLIAM GARNETT</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I am a manu
<lb/>facturing jeweller, and live at "East Dene," Bow Lane, Finchley In November, 1909, my partnership with Meyrick was dissolved, since which time I have carried on business myself at 18, Poland Street. On October 4 I called on Messrs. Lund, and saw Courlander and Gibson. I had known Gibson eight or nine years and it was to him I talked. I asked him if he would let me have the diamond pendant on approval. He said the price was £50 and I could have it whenever I wanted it. I had in view a customer to whom I had previously sold a pair of peridot earrings for his wife and who wished</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150019"/>
<p>to have an ornament of the same kind. I told Gibson I would endeavour to see this man and return and let him know. I saw my customer once between the 4th and the 14th, when I went to Lund's again. They then gave me the jewel wrapped up in tissue paper and wool. I tried to see the customer and, failing to do so, I pawned it for £6 for safety. I was likely to see him that week-end or the follow
<lb/>ing week-end; he always came to London from the Friday to the Tuesday. I saw him on Tuesday, the 25th, for the first time since I had had the pendant. He went with me to Attenborough's, I taking the £6 2s. to redeem it. I left him outside. Mr. Spong told me that the police had communicated with them. I gave them the money and took a receipt for it. The following morning I was arrested.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not tell Spong that I had a customer waiting outside to see the pendant, as it was none of his business. The customer is not coming to give evidence. I have not said anything about this before. I had a solicitor acting for me before the magis
<lb/>trate and there was no necessity for me to say anything. The name of the customer is Gilbert Wainwright and his address is 16, Withing
<lb/>don Road, Highbury. I sold these earrings to him about last summer. I have kept books in my business. That transaction would be entered in the day book, but I have not that here. 18, Poland Street has been closed now possibly a month; I am still in business, only there is a "suspended animation" It had been shut about a week before October 25, the day I went to the pawnbrokers. I was going to less expensive premises. I have now given up the key. I was not carrying on business there on October 14; the padlock was on about a week before that. I wish to correct my answer that it was shut up a week before October 25; it was earlier. It was open on October 4. I have no idea when Wainwright called for the last time there. I can produce him if he will come. He knows I am standing on my trial, but not that I should be likely to need him. I do not think he knew that was going to say he accompanied me to the pawnbroker. I have known him in business and privately for two years. I have discussed this case with him. He asked me when I came out of the pawnbroker's why I had not got the pendant and I simply told him that I could not get it that night. I did not tell him why, because I am inclined to be reticent in a matter of that kind with a customer. I was not hard up on that date for £20, though I owed a lot of money and I do now. I have frequently pawned things for safety. It never struck me to use the Chancery Lane Safe Deposit, which is in the same street as Attenborough's. I had two safes at Poland Street, but the premises were locked up. My landlord had the key to the padlock which he had put on on October 10 or 15. I owed him two quarters' rent and he said I could take my things away when I had paid him. I did not tell the pawnbroker that I was pawning the pendant for safety. It is true that the less I borrowed on it the less interest I would have to pay. I did not tell him that I had just paid Lund's £26 for it; I may have said it cost £26. I do not myself think it is worth £50. I should have charged my customer £55. It is true I wrote the letter on the newspaper. My explanation of saying that my idea at the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150020"/>
<p>time I pawned it was to get £20 or £30 on it is prior to going into Attenborough's. I went into Barnett's, another pawnbroker; he said he thought it was worth £20, and that he would not lend £25 or £30 on it. If he had been willing to do so I should have taken the customer in there and discussed it with him. The usual time to have an article on approval is ten days and when I put "until Tuesday" in the appro. note I meant the Tuesday subsequent to those ten days; I ought to have said Tuesday week.</p>
<p>Re-examined. Wainwright paid me £11 for the earrings. A peridot is a very brittle and soft stone and I put it away for safety, as I might have lost it.</p>
<p>(Thursday, November 17.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HUBERT SMITH</hi> (recalled), to the Jury. The warrant was issued in the forenoon of October 25.</p>
<p>Further cross-examined. The issue of the warrant would not be a public matter, but I made inquiries at different places after I got it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CHARLES WILLIAM GARNETT</hi> (recalled), to the Court. I sent this telegram (Exhibit 8) to Lund and Co. on October 24, "Posting pendant to-night." I was anticipating seeing my customer that day and wanted to let them know I was moving in the matter. I did not see him eventually.</p>
<rs id="t19101115-18-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-18-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-18-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, November 16.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19101115-19">
<interp inst="t19101115-19" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19101115"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-19" type="date" value="19101115"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19101115-19-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-19-19101115 t19101115-19-offence-1 t19101115-19-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-19-19101115" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-19-19101115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19101115" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19101115" type="surname" value="WARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19101115" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19101115" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WARD</hi>, William (25, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19101115-19-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-19-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-19-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Beaumont Morice prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-62" type="surname" value="BOND"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-62" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER BOND</persName> </hi>, 86, Lewisham Road, Greenwich, confectioner and tobacconist. On October 5, at two p.m., prisoner asked for a penny packet of Peters' chocolate, tendering counterfeit florin produced; I told him it was bad; he handed me a good half-crown, received 2s. 5d. change, and left. Being suspicious I followed him to Mrs. Wood's shop, 28, Lewisham Road. I there spoke to Mrs. Wood, followed prisoner, and gave him into custody. He was brought back to Mrs. Wood's shop, where he admitted passing the coin and said he did not believe it was bad.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. When I handed prisoner the coin he made no reply.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-63" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-63" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-63" type="given" value="ANNIE GERTRUDE"/>ANNIE GERTRUDE WOOD</persName> </hi>, 28, Lewisham Road, confectioner and tobacconist. On October 5, at 2.10 p.m., prisoner asked for a packet of Woodbine cigarettes (1d.), and tendered florin produced. I told him it was bad; he put it in his pocket, gave me a good half-crown, re
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150021"/>
<p>2s. 5d. change and left, and went to the door when Bond spoke to me. Prisoner was afterwards brought to my shop.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM WILTSHIRE</hi>, 607 R, on October 5, at 2.30 p.m., I was in South Street, Greenwich, when Bond pointed pri
<lb/>soner out to me. I told prisoner he had been trying to pass a bad two-shilling piece. He said, "I do not think it is bad"; he returned me the 2s. piece (produced), which I then handed to Detective Helvey. Prisoner was taken to Mrs. Wood's shop, when he said he did not think the coin was bad. In answer to the charge he said "All right."</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner did not attempt to run away.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HENRY HELVEY</hi>, A Division. The coin produced was handed to me by Constable Wiltshire in the prisoner's presence. I marked the coin with my own initials. I afterwards searched prisoner and found on him a silver watch, a leather watch guard, two florins, two shilling pieces, sixpence, 10d. in bronze, tobacco pouch full of tobacco, a pocket-knife, a new piece of india
<lb/>rubber, one packet of cigarettes, one packet of chocolate, a new pocket comb, and a packet of cigarette papers. I told him he would be charged with uttering a counterfeit coin to Mrs. Wood. He replied that he did not know it was bad. I said, "If you still think it is not bad, I will have it examined by an expert." He said, "There is no need to do that; I got it in change from a tram conductor in the Walworth Road."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-64" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-64" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-64" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-64" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY WEBSTER</persName> </hi>, Inspector of Coins, H.M. Mint. The coin produced is counterfeit and is about the average.</p>
<rs id="t19101115-19-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-19-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-19-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HENRY HELVEY</hi> proved that on September 23, 1903, pris
<lb/>oner was bound over at the South Metropolitan Police Court under the First Offenders Act for embezzling 15s. 6 1/2 d. Again on January 18, 1907, he was bound over at the Westminster Police Court for being a suspected person loitering.</p>
<rs id="t19101115-19-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-19-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-19-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-19-19101115 t19101115-19-punishment-17"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19101115-20">
<interp inst="t19101115-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19101115"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-20" type="date" value="19101115"/>
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<persName id="def1-20-19101115" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-20-19101115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19101115" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19101115" type="surname" value="MURPHY"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19101115" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19101115" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MURPHY</hi>, William (29, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19101115-20-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-20-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-20-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, feloniously uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Wilkinson prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-66" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-66" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-66" type="surname" value="GODWIN"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-66" type="given" value="EMMA"/>EMMA GODWIN</persName> </hi>, barmaid "Enkel Arms," Seven Sisters Road. About three o'clock p.m. on October 15 prisoner came into the house and asked for a glass of ale and a screw of shag, costing together 2d. He tendered in payment what appeared to be a half-crown, which I had my doubts about, and tested with acid. Prisoner could see me do this. On testing it the coin turned black. I then handed it to the governor. I went back to the bar to serve someone else, when prisoner said, "Hurry up with my change, I am in a hurry."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-67" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-67" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-67" type="surname" value="PRANCE"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-67" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM PRANCE</persName> </hi>, landlord of the "Enkel Arms." On the afternoon in question Godwin brought a coin to me from the other side of the bar. I examined it and saw that it was discoloured with acid. She</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150022"/>
<p>pointed prisoner out to me, and I said to him, "This is a bad coin. Where did you get it from?" He said he got it on the gee-gees. He threw down three coins, a half-sovereign and two half-crowns, and said, "Are these good ones?" They were good. He then paid the 2d. out of a good half-crown, and I gave him 2s. 4d. change. I gave the bad half-crown back to him. Sergeant Kendell was in the bar at the time, standing behind prisoner.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Prisoner. Detective Scoles was also in the house at the time. When the coin was brought to me I did not speak to the police officers. They heard the conversation that was going on be
<lb/>tween the barman and myself.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SIDNEY KENDELL</hi>, Y Division. On this after
<lb/>noon I was in the "Enkel Arms" in company with Scoles. I heard the conversation between the barman and the landlord, and I then went into the four-ale bar where prisoner was. I saw the landlord give prisoner his change, and saw him hand him a coin which I took out of his hand and examined. I could see that it was counterfeit, and I said to prisoner, "Where did you get this from?" He said, "From the gee-gees." I said, "Come outside, I want to speak to you." He went outside, and said, "I had a bet with Sam Isaacs on Friday, the 14th. I backed 1s. Newcastle, all on Eblis, owned by Mr. Edwardes. They both won, and Isaacs paid me out 19s. 6d., 10s. in gold, three half-crowns, and a 2s. piece. I laid out 2s. of it. He was taken to the station and charged. He gave the name of William Murphy, Norris's Common Lodging House, Campbell Road, No. 65 bed. I told him I would go and make inquiries. The deputy from Norris's and another lodging house in the neighbourhood came to the station, and told me in prisoner's presence that he did not stop at either of the places, and they knew nothing about him.</p>
<p>(Thursday, November 17.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALBERT SCOLES</hi>. I was in company with Kendell at the "Enkel Arms" on this afternoon. Outside the house Kendell handed me a coin, saying, 'Here is the coin this man has presented over the bar." At the station prisoner said, "I got 19s. 6d. from a bookmaker this morning. I had 2s. on Newcastle, all on Eblis, owned by Mr. Edwardes." Inquiries were made for the bookmaker, but he could not be found. When I told prisoner this he said, "If I had given you the bookmaker's right name, you would have had him arrested on my information." I consulted the "Morning Advertiser" and I told prisoner that it appeared from that paper that neither Eblis nor Newcastle ran at Newmarket on the day he mentioned. I told him that as his statements were false as to where he lived and so on he would be charged with knowingly uttering a counterfeit coin. He replied, "I have been thinking the matter over, and I was wondering whether you had not given the coin to the girl." I replied that I never saw him in the public house and never spoke to the girl, nor did I have any conversation with the proprietor with respect to the coin.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150023"/>
<p>Prisoner then said, "Oh well, your friend might have done so," mean
<lb/>ing Kendell.</p>
<p>To prisoner. I did not promise the lodging-house keeper a good holiday if he came and gave evidence.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-68" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-68" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-68" type="surname" value="BURGEES"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-68" type="given" value="ROBERTS"/>ROBERTS BURGEES</persName> </hi>, deputy at Norris's lodging-house, said he did not know prisoner, who had never lodged at the lodging-house.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-69" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-69" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-69" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-69" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>, Inspector of Coins, H.M. Mint. The coin (produced) is counterfeit. The effect of testing the coin with aqua fortis would be to turn it black.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-70" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-70" type="surname" value="MURPHY"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-70" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM MURPHY</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). On October 14 I had a bet on a horse called Borrow, which won at 16 to 1. I went to Sam Isaacs who stands in the Campbell Road, and drew 17s. I had another bet on a horse called Overis, which won me 2s. 6d. That made 19s. 6d. The next day I laid out 2s. on another horse. This left me 17s. 6d. out of 19s. 6d. I walked down Seven Sisters Road till I came to the "Enkel Arms." I fancied a glass of beer, and I went in. I had three half-crowns in one side of my purse and half a sovereign in the other. I picked out the half-a-crown and chucked it on the counter and called for a glass of ale and a pennyworth of shag. The barmaid took the coin. I saw her go over to the till with it. I drank my ale and pulled out my cigarette book to make a cigarette. I stood there for a matter of three or four minutes. Then I saw her come up to serve other cus
<lb/>tomers. I said, "Have you forgotten my change, miss?" She said, "Oh, it's coming up in a minute." At that time I looked round and saw the manager with something bright in his hands talking to Ken
<lb/>dell and the inspector. Little did I think it was my half-crown. The landlord walked straight over to me and said, "Do you know what this is?" He shoved it on the counter and I picked it up and looked at it. He said, "It is a bad one." I said, "Is it?" He said, "Yes." With that I pulled out my purse, and said, "You might as well tell me if there are any more bad ones among these, as they all come off the same man. He looked at the other coins and said they were good. Then Kendell came up and took the coin out of my hand and said I must go to the station with him. Going to the station Kendell was on one side of me and Inspector Scoles the other. The inspector said to me, "Anybody is liable to have a bad half-crown given to them. I had one the other night, but I am in a different position to what you are," or something to that effect. In the flurry of losing my half-crown, I said anything for the time being. About the same time there was a man arrested for stealing a bike. He comes from the Hornsey Road, where these gentlemen come from, and he distinctly told me that Sergeant Kendell knew the bookmaker very well. That was during the time I was in the cell and going to Brixton in the van.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have lived in Brick Lane, Spitalfields. I was living there up to the Wednesday previous to my arrest. I fled from</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150024"/>
<p>my wife, and then I went with two men, named Kennedy and Barnard Fisher. I stayed at Norris's lodging-house for two nights.</p>
<rs id="t19101115-20-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-20-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-20-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUDGE LUMLEY SMITH</hi>.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, November 16.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19101115-21">
<interp inst="t19101115-21" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19101115"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-21" type="date" value="19101115"/>
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<persName id="def1-21-19101115" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-21-19101115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19101115" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19101115" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19101115" type="given" value="JACOB"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19101115" type="occupation" value="8, jeweller"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRIS</hi>, Jacob,
<hi rend="italic">otherwise
<rs id="t19101115-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-19101115 t19101115-alias-1"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SMELLIE</hi> </rs> </hi>(28, jeweller)</persName>
<rs id="t19101115-21-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-21-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-21-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19101115-21-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-21-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-21-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> </hi> of stealing 760 pearls, the goods of
<persName id="t19101115-name-72" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-72" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-72" type="surname" value="CAESAR"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-72" type="given" value="FRANCIS OTTO"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-21-offence-1 t19101115-name-72"/>Francis Otto Caesar</persName> and another.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM EVANS</hi> (Birmingham Police). Prisoner pleaded guilty and was sentenced at Birmingham to two terms of four years' penal servitude to run concurrently. Two days before he was tried I received a warrant from the City of London Police in the event of his discharge. They requested me not to mention the charge with which he is now indicted. There was no mention made to the Re
<lb/>corder at Birmingham of any charges which were pending against prisoner; simply his criminal history was told to the Recorder. I have a translation of a letter from the French police—which says that besides four months' imprisonment in November, 1909, he was con
<lb/>victed of theft on September 14, 1905 at Paris. That was mentioned at Birmingham. An expulsion order was made on November 6, 1905.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HINE</hi>, City Police. I was in touch with the prosecutors and they asked me not to mention this charge, as they thought it a case that should come before the London Court.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I knew the pearls were insured. I do not know the conditions of the policy. It is an invariable condition that the victim must prosecute the thief.</p>
<rs id="t19101115-21-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-21-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-21-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-19101115 t19101115-21-punishment-18"/>Four years' penal servitude</rs>; recommended for expul
<lb/>sion under the Aliens Act.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19101115-22" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19101115"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-22" type="date" value="19101115"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19101115-22-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-19101115 t19101115-22-offence-1 t19101115-22-verdict-1"/>
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<persName id="def1-22-19101115" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-22-19101115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19101115" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19101115" type="surname" value="HOOK"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19101115" type="given" value="SIDNEY EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19101115" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HOOK</hi>, Sidney Edward (17, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19101115-22-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-22-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-22-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19101115-22-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-22-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-22-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> </hi> of stealing one jacket, the goods of
<persName id="t19101115-name-74" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-74" type="surname" value="SNELLING"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-74" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-22-offence-1 t19101115-name-74"/>William Snelling</persName>,</rs>
<rs id="t19101115-22-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-22-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-22-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>one kit-bag, the goods of
<persName id="t19101115-name-75" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-75" type="surname" value="TUCK"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-75" type="given" value="MAX"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-22-offence-2 t19101115-name-75"/>Max Tuck</persName> </rs>and others, and
<rs id="t19101115-22-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-22-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-22-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>one brief bag, the goods of
<persName id="t19101115-name-76" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-76" type="surname" value="INCE"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-76" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-22-offence-3 t19101115-name-76"/>Francis Ince</persName> and others.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner had been in the employment of the General Post Office for nearly two years, and was discharged on May 26, 1890. He was reported 25 times, most for laziness and inattention to duties. The articles, the subject of this charge, were stolen from offices in the neighbourhood of Mincing Lane. Prisoner would enter an office early in the morning while the charwoman was cleaning, and state that he was the new clerk. The thefts were reported to the police, and he was arrested as he answered the description given.</p>
<rs id="t19101115-22-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-22-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-22-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="otherInstitution"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-19101115 t19101115-22-punishment-19"/>Two years' detention in a Borstal institution.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19101115-23" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19101115"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-23" type="date" value="19101115"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19101115-23-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-19101115 t19101115-23-offence-1 t19101115-23-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19101115-23-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-19101115 t19101115-23-offence-2 t19101115-23-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-23-19101115" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-23-19101115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19101115" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19101115" type="surname" value="WELSH"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19101115" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19101115" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WELSH</hi>, Thomas (28, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19101115-23-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-23-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-23-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>, committing acts of gross in
<lb/>decency with
<persName id="t19101115-name-78" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-78" type="surname" value="ANSETT"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-78" type="given" value="WILLIAM CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-23-offence-1 t19101115-name-78"/>William Charles Ansett</persName> and
<persName id="t19101115-name-79" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-79" type="surname" value="ANSETT"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-79" type="given" value="SAMUEL GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-23-offence-1 t19101115-name-79"/>Samuel George Ansett</persName>, male persons;</rs>
<rs id="t19101115-23-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-23-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-23-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="indecentAssault"/> indecently assaulting the said
<persName id="t19101115-name-80" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-80" type="surname" value="ANSETT"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-80" type="given" value="SAMUEL GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-23-offence-2 t19101115-name-80"/>William Charles Ansett</persName>.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150025"/>
<rs id="t19101115-23-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-23-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-23-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<rs id="t19101115-23-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-23-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-23-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-19101115 t19101115-23-punishment-20"/>Prisoner was released on hit own recognisances in £5 to come up for judgment if called upon.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19101115-24">
<interp inst="t19101115-24" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19101115"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-24" type="date" value="19101115"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19101115-24-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-24-19101115 t19101115-24-offence-1 t19101115-24-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-24-19101115" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-24-19101115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19101115" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19101115" type="surname" value="SOLOMON"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19101115" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19101115" type="occupation" value="carpenter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SOLOMON</hi>, John (23, carpenter)</persName>
<rs id="t19101115-24-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-24-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-24-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19101115-24-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-24-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-24-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> </hi> of stealing one purse and 9s. 11 3/4 d., the goods and money of
<persName id="t19101115-name-82" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-82" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-82" type="surname" value="LEVY"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-82" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-24-offence-1 t19101115-name-82"/>Edward Levy</persName>, from the person of
<persName id="t19101115-name-83" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-83" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-83" type="surname" value="LEVY"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-83" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-24-offence-1 t19101115-name-83"/>Ellen Levy</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Several previous convictions were proved.</p>
<rs id="t19101115-24-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-24-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-24-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-24-19101115 t19101115-24-punishment-21"/>Eight months hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19101115-25">
<interp inst="t19101115-25" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19101115"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-25" type="date" value="19101115"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19101115-25-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-19101115 t19101115-25-offence-1 t19101115-25-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-25-19101115" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-25-19101115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19101115" type="surname" value="BRADY"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19101115" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BRADY</hi>, Ernest</persName>
<rs id="t19101115-25-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-25-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-25-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, assaulting
<persName id="t19101115-name-85" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-85" type="surname" value="HOME"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-85" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-25-offence-1 t19101115-name-85"/>Joseph Home</persName>, thereby occasioning him actual bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Stanley R. Crawford prosecuted; Mr. Cassels defended.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-86" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-86" type="surname" value="HORNE"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-86" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH HORNE</persName> </hi>, compositor. I was in Fleet Street on September 24. I bought a book, changing a sixpence to go to the underground con
<lb/>venience. After that I remember no more till I came to in the hospital. I had had a little drink. I did not know prisoner.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I was not in work at the time, but was going to start on the following Monday. I was in hospital six weeks and am still an out-patient.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-87" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-87" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-87" type="surname" value="STEEL"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-87" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK STEEL</persName> </hi>, reporter, "Daily News." I was at the corner of Ludgate Circus. There were three or four men there evidently having some dispute, but not loudly. Home was the worse for liquor, not far from being helplessly drunk. In the argument he had his right hand out as if offering to shake hands with somebody. I saw prisoner then strike out with his left hand; he did not get a full blow; he then struck again and stepped back to get a clear swing and with his right hand he delivered a smashing blow which caught prosecutor under the chin, causing him to fall on the flat of his back. A con
<lb/>stable came from the centre of the Circus and said to prisoner, "Wait a minute, mister," and then went to see to the injured man. Prisoner was quite sober, but very excited and seemed annoyed.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-88" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-88" type="surname" value="STERLING"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-88" type="given" value="EDGAR"/>EDGAR STERLING</persName> </hi>, 27, Swan Street, Borough. I was standing on the urinal at Ludgate Circus when I saw prisoner and prosecutor standing face to face and five or six people standing round. I thought it was a Saturday night affair and took very little notice at first. Prosecutor had had a drink or two, but I have seen worse. I had occasion to turn round to see if my wife was coming from London Bridge and saw prisoner strike Home with his fist closed, on his left jaw, I think. The blow knocked him down. I spoke to prisoner. He said, "He was going to strike me first." I said, "Anybody could hit a man in drink. He said, "I am sorry; I did not mean to hit him like that; he has been interfering with people all the evening." I did not see Home interfere with him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM CHATFIELD</hi>, 113 City Police. I saw prisoner strike Home twice, not hard blows; he then struck him hard and Home fell backwards on his head. I went across and saw that the man was seriously hurt, I said to Brady, "Why did you do</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150026"/>
<p>that?" He said, "He was interfering with a friend of mine." Brady was taken to the station by another constable and I took Home to the hospital, where he was detained. Home said, "He struck me first."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FRANK FORTESCUE LAIDLAW</hi>, House Surgeon, St. Bartholomew's Hospital. I saw Home upon his admission. He was suffering from moderately severe concussion. He had a contusion on the back of his head. There was a little bleeding; he was unconscious and vomited copiously. That is a sign of concussion of the brain. He remained unconscious about 12 hours. I attended him till October 1, when he was still suffering from what I should call a certain amount of cerebral irritation following on the concussion.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DOBBINS</hi>, House Surgeon, St. Bartholomew's. On October 1 I took over the duties of last witness. Home was then suffering from the effects of the concussion.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-89" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-89" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-89" type="surname" value="BRADY"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-89" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST BRADY</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I am a timber merchant's clerk. I have never been in any trouble before. On Saturday, September 24 I was going to the Tivoli. At Ludgate Circus I was accosted by a loafer sort of fellow, who asked me for a few coppers. I gave him a few and he was telling me he had walked here and walked there when prosecutor came and stood by me and mumbled something. I took no notice of what he said. I think Horne made an attempt to strike me; he caught my shoulder. I immediately struck him; he fell on the back of his head and I was taken into custody.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I do not know what the mumbling was. I took no notice of the man as I did not know him and he was in a drunken condition. He put up his hand to strike me; he missed my face and caught my shoulder. I do not know whether it was with his fist or palm. The blow only raised my anger. He did not attempt to shake hands with me. I knocked him down without thinking.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-90" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-90" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-90" type="surname" value="MACKINTOSH"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-90" type="given" value="WILLIAMS JAMES"/>WILLIAMS JAMES MACKINTOSH</persName> </hi>, manager, Bartley Bros., 16, Devon
<lb/>shire Street, E.C., prisoner's employers gave prisoner an excellent character.</p>
<rs id="t19101115-25-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-25-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-25-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<rs id="t19101115-25-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-25-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-25-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-19101115 t19101115-25-punishment-22"/>Prisoner was released on his own recognisances in £5 to come up for judgment if called upon.</rs> (Prosecutor also received from prisoner £5 compensation.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19101115-26">
<interp inst="t19101115-26" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19101115"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-26" type="date" value="19101115"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19101115-26-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-19101115 t19101115-26-offence-1 t19101115-26-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-26-19101115" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-26-19101115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19101115" type="surname" value="ROPER"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19101115" type="given" value="GEORGE RICHARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROPER</hi>, George Richard</persName>
<rs id="t19101115-26-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-26-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-26-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>, carnally knowing
<persName id="t19101115-name-92" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-92" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-92" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-92" type="given" value="EMILY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-26-offence-1 t19101115-name-92"/>Emily Smith</persName>, a girl above the age of 13 years and under the age of 16 years.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19101115-26-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-26-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-26-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<rs id="t19101115-26-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-26-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-26-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-19101115 t19101115-26-punishment-23"/>Prisoner was released on his own recognisances in £5 to come up for judgment if called upon.</rs> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150027"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE RECORDER</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, November 17.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19101115-27">
<interp inst="t19101115-27" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19101115"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-27" type="date" value="19101115"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19101115-27-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-27-19101115 t19101115-27-offence-1 t19101115-27-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-27-19101115" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-27-19101115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19101115" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19101115" type="surname" value="GREGORY"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19101115" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19101115" type="occupation" value="shoemaker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GREGORY</hi>, Frederick (31, shoemaker)</persName>
<rs id="t19101115-27-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-27-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-27-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19101115-27-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-27-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-27-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> </hi> of stealing two motor bicycles, the goods of
<persName id="t19101115-name-94" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-94" type="surname" value="PRICE"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-94" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-27-offence-1 t19101115-name-94"/>Frederick Price</persName> and
<persName id="t19101115-name-95" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-95" type="surname" value="BUXTON"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-95" type="given" value="FRANK GRANT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-27-offence-1 t19101115-name-95"/>Frank Grant Buxton</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner confessed to a previous conviction of felony at the Town Hall, Grimsby, on April 27,1909, in the name of Joseph Hill.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HOLME</hi>, Manchester City Police, stated that prisoner had been convicted twelve times since 1889, the great majority of the offences being that of stealing bicycles.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HENRY BARRELL</hi>, T Division, stated that prisoner wished, in being sentenced, for it to be taken into consideration that he admitted having stolen five other motor bicycles in different parts of the country. Prisoner stated that on his release from prison the last time he had enlisted, but on it being found it that he had been convicted he was discharged.</p>
<rs id="t19101115-27-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-27-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-27-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-27-19101115 t19101115-27-punishment-24"/>Three years' penal servitude</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19101115-28">
<interp inst="t19101115-28" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19101115"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-28" type="date" value="19101115"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19101115-28-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28-19101115 t19101115-28-offence-1 t19101115-28-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-28-19101115" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-28-19101115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19101115" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19101115" type="surname" value="FRANCIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19101115" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19101115" type="occupation" value="agent"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FRANCIS</hi>, Edward (32, agent)</persName>
<rs id="t19101115-28-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-28-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-28-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19101115-28-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-28-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-28-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> </hi> that, having received certain property, to wit £1,000, for and on account of a certain other personage, he did fraudulently convert the said property to his own use.</rs> </p>
<p>It was stated prosecutor had met prisoner and one Bernard (since acquitted by the magistrate) quite recently, and he had given Bernard a cheque for £1,000 to cash to meet the expenses of a trip the three of them proposed taking to Paris. This cheque was cashed by Bernard, who had given prisoner £500 from the proceeds. Prisoner kept the appointment with prosecutor at the station prior to going to Paris and was arrested, prosecutor having become suspicious at Bernard's non-appearance. £487 had been found on prisoner and he had given authority for that sum to be returned to prosecutor.</p>
<rs id="t19101115-28-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-28-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-28-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28-19101115 t19101115-28-punishment-25"/>Prisoner was released on his own recognisances in £200 to come up for judgment if called upon.</rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, November 17.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19101115-29">
<interp inst="t19101115-29" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19101115"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-29" type="date" value="19101115"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19101115-29-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-29-19101115 t19101115-29-offence-1 t19101115-29-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-29-19101115" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-29-19101115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19101115" type="age" value="56"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19101115" type="surname" value="MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19101115" type="given" value="RUDOLPH"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19101115" type="occupation" value="interpreter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARTIN</hi>, Rudolph (56, interpreter)</persName>
<rs id="t19101115-29-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-29-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-29-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19101115-29-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-29-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-29-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> </hi> of unlawfully aiding, abetting and procuring the commission of a certain misdemea
<lb/>nour by
<persName id="t19101115-name-98">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-98" type="surname" value="PRIES"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-98" type="given" value="WILHELM"/>Wilhelm Pries</persName>, to wit, the unlawful knowingly and willfully making and subscribing by the said Wilhelm Pries of a false declara
<lb/>tion before E. J. Mott, Deputy Superintendent Registrar of Marriages in and for the
<placeName id="t19101115-geo-1">
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-29-offence-1 t19101115-geo-1"/>District of Fulham</placeName>, which such declaration was required to be made and subscribed by statute upon a marriage then intended to be solemnised between the said Wilhelm Pries and Lena Widmann, the said Wilhelm Pries knowing the said declaration to be false in a certain material particular.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150028"/>
<p>Mr. Graham-Campbell prosecuted; Mr. Symmons appeared for pri
<p>Mr. Graham-Campbell said that prisoner had during the past three or four years come on several occasions to the offices of the Registrar of the Fulham District to act as interpreter for Germans who were desirous of getting married. On September 8 he came to the office on behalf of a man named Wilhelm Pries. Mr. Durham, one of the clerks, on prisoner's instructions filled up a declaration that Wilhelm Pries had for 15 days had his sole place of residence within the district of Fulham. Mr. Mott, the District Superintending Registrar, came into the room, handed the form to prisoner, and asked if the parti
<lb/>culars were correct. Prisoner said they were. The facts were that on the previous day, September 3, prisoner called on a Miss Foot
<lb/>man, who carried on a boarding-house in Fulham, and asked if she could take in a lady and gentleman who would arrive next morning and stay two or three days. On the 8th a German lady and gentle
<lb/>man arrived with prisoner and remained with Miss Footman for some seven days longer. Upon September 10 prisoner, Wilhelm Pries, and Lena Widmann, the other party to the marriage, attended at the registry office. Mr. Mott then told prisoner that it had come to his knowledge that the declaration as to duration of residence was not correct. Prisoner at first said that it was correct, then that he had not read it when he signed it, and then finally admitted that it was incorrect. Mr. Mott then made a note upon it, "This declaration is not correct," which prisoner signed. Mr. Mott then told prisoner that the marriage could not be proceeded with. Prisoner said that he had been asked by the agents in Berlin to arrange that a marriage should take place in a shorter time than usual. He also said that one of the contracting parties had had another residence in the district in August, but he was not able to say where it was. On the 12th pri
<lb/>soner came again to the office, and said that Pries had resided at 18, Hanley Road, Hammersmith, in August. It was pointed out to him that that was not a fulfilment of the statutory requirements, because the 15 days' residence must be 15 days immediately preceding the giving of the notice. Having stated the facts, Counsel said that the matter was one of very considerable importance, not only to the Somerset House authorities in this country, but also to the authorities in other countries.</p>
<p>The Common Serjeant. It is a direct infringement of the marriage laws, which are most important to be observed, because marriages change the status of the parties. On the validity of a marriage de
<lb/>pends the legitimacy of children, the succession to estates, and the bonds between the parties themselves. If a false declaration is made for the purpose of procuring marriages which are not allowed by law it is a most serious matter, haying regard not only to English law but to international law.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150029"/>
<p>Mr. Graham-Campbell said that this was the first prosecution under the Act with regard to foreigners coming over to this country. It as important that it should be most widely known, not only to the prisoner but to others in his position, that it was a very serious offence to infringe the provisions of the Act, and that if cases of this sort occurred the Act would be enforced with the utmost rigour.</p>
<p>Mr. Symmons said that up to the present time prisoner had never had any charge against him. He was of perfectly good character, and had been over in this country for a good number of years. He earned his livelihood by interpreting for German tourist agencies who sent tourists over to this country. His nationality was German.</p>
<rs id="t19101115-29-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-29-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-29-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-29-19101115 t19101115-29-punishment-26"/>Prisoner was released on his own recognisances in £20 to come up for judgment if called upon.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19101115-30">
<interp inst="t19101115-30" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19101115"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-30" type="date" value="19101115"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19101115-30-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-19101115 t19101115-30-offence-1 t19101115-30-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-30-19101115" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-30-19101115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19101115" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19101115" type="surname" value="LENTLE"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19101115" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19101115" type="occupation" value="traveller"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LENTLE</hi> Henry (34 traveller)</persName>
<rs id="t19101115-30-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-30-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-30-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19101115-30-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-30-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-30-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> </hi> of stealing two postal orders of the value of 30s., the property of
<persName id="t19101115-name-100" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-100" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-100" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-100" type="given" value="CLOTILDA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-30-offence-1 t19101115-name-100"/>Clotilda Roberts</persName>; and of uttering the said postal orders knowing the same to have been forged, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Morley prosecuted.</p>
<p>Prisoner lodged for some time with Mrs. Roberts, and in some way got to know that she had been losing postal orders. He called on her on October 14, said he was a detective, and wished to undertake the case for Mrs. Roberts and to find the orders. Mrs. Roberts consented to his doing this, but heard no more about it. Prisoner cashed the orders in question at the Coldharbour Lane Post Office. When ques
<lb/>tioned by a police officer he at first tried to make light of it, and said he had taken the orders with Mrs. Roberts' consent, and had had the money.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WALTER GRESSLY</hi>, M Division. I was present at the Metropolitan Police Court on October 15, 1907, when prisoner was sentenced to one month's imprisonment for larceny. On Octo
<lb/>ber 1, 1907, he was fined 28s., or 14 days' hard labour, at the Lambeth Police Court for illegal pawning. I cannot say what he has been doing since his last conviction. On the last occasion I had him in custody he had formed the acquaintance of a widow through a matri
<lb/>monia agency. He was then a married man with two children. He became possessed of the widow's property and money amounting to £30. He pledged the property and induced the woman to believe that he had arranged a marriage between them. He took her to the Brixton Road Registry Office and showed her a blue paper. She actu
<lb/>ally believed that she was his wife. On being charged he pleaded that he was in a weak condition.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN JONES</hi>, W. Division. After prisoner came out prison in November, 1907, he obtained a situation as a collector and traveller in a draper's store at Tiverton, Devonshire. In January, 1909, he absconded, and it was ascertained that he had embezzled £17 18s. lid. A warrant was issued which is still in existence. Whilst on remand prisoner has written to the Tiverton Police asking for the warrant to be taken into consideration in this Court, as he wants to go afterwards as a free man. Since</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150030"/>
<p>January, 1909, he has been in London hiding from arrest under this warrant, assisted by his wife's relations. During this time he has informed several people that he has been em
<lb/>ployed at Scotland Yard and has posed as a detective. He could not give particulars of having done any work since he came to London.</p>
<rs id="t19101115-30-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-30-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-30-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-19101115 t19101115-30-punishment-27"/>The Common Serjeant in sentencing prisoner to Nine months' hard labour said the sentence would be in respect also of the Tiverton charge.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19101115-31">
<interp inst="t19101115-31" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19101115"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-31" type="date" value="19101115"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19101115-31-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-31-19101115 t19101115-31-offence-1 t19101115-31-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-31-19101115" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-31-19101115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19101115" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19101115" type="surname" value="COLEMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19101115" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19101115" type="occupation" value="carpenter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COLEMAN</hi>, Alfred (35, carpenter)</persName>
<rs id="t19101115-31-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-31-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-31-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Wilkinson prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-102" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-102" type="surname" value="LANGMEAD"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-102" type="given" value="BERTHA MAY"/>BERTHA MAY LANGMEAD</persName> </hi>, assistant to Mr. Gold, dairyman, 92, May Street, Fulham. At 7.45 p.m. on October 14 prisoner came into the shop and asked for three penny eggs. He threw down a coin that looked like half a sovereign. I heard the sound of it, and expected to see a sixpence on the counter. I took it to Mr. Gold to examine, and he then came into the shop.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by prisoner. I heard you ask Mr. Gold if he was sure it was a sixpence. Mr. Gold said at once that it was not a half-sovereign. I heard you say that you got it in your wages and that it would be a serious loss to you.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-103" type="surname" value="GOLD"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-103" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY GOLD</persName> </hi>. I remember the last witness handing a coin to me on this evening. I said to prisoner, "I do not think much of this coin." He replied, "Isn't it good? I know where I got it from." He also said, "I will take it back. It will make a lot of difference to me." He said he got it from where he worked. He asked me if I could test it in any way. I further examined the coin and said it was not necessary as it was a gilded sixpence. I asked him where he got it from, and he then said he got it from the Home and Colonial Stores in the North End Road. He then left the shop and I went to the side door to see if he went in the direction of the Home and Colonial Stores. I then saw a constable, made a statement to him, and called his atten
<lb/>tion to prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-104" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-104" type="surname" value="CHINNERY"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-104" type="given" value="HORACE ROBERT"/>HORACE ROBERT CHINNERY</persName> </hi>, Police-constable 679 B. On this even
<lb/>ing Gold pointed out prisoner to me. I followed him down May Street. He caught sight of me and I gave chase. I chased him for about a mile and eventually got within two or three yards of him when he threw a coin away which was picked up by a private individual and handed to me. (Coin produced.) I said to him, "Have you been to the dairy at 92, May Street, and tendered this coin as being a genuine half-sovereign?" to which he replied, "That is right, I got, it from the Home and Colonial Stores this evening; they gave it to me in change after purchasing some goods." He said he bought 4 lb. of tea, 1/2 lb. of cheese, and 1/2 lb. of butter. That was between half-past six and seven. I took him back to the Stores, where he pointed to the manager, Mr. A lidos, and said, "That is the man who served me with the goods and gave me the change." I asked Mr. Alldos whether he had given him the change, to which he replied, "Nothing of the kind; I have never seen the man before." This was said in prisoner's pre
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150031"/>
<p>I took him to the police station where he was searched, and 2 1/4 d., a few sweets, and a quantity of memoranda were found on him. On the way to the station prisoner said he had sent the goods home by a man whose name and address he did not know. He said his home was at 17, Treport Road, Wandsworth.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-105" type="surname" value="ALLDOS"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-105" type="given" value="WILLIAM EDWARD"/>WILLIAM EDWARD ALLDOS</persName> </hi>, manager of the Home and Colonial Stores, North End Road, Fulham. I was in the stores on October 14 all day with the exception of between one and two o'clock and five o'clock and half-past five. I was there when prisoner was brought in by the officer. I had not seen prisoner at the stores before on that day nor at any time.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-106" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-106" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>, Inspector of Coins, H.M. Mint. The coin produced is a Jubilee sixpence gilded. It was coined in the year 1887. What is called the tail side of the Jubilee sixpences has the same im
<lb/>pression as is put on a half sovereign.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-107" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-107" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-107" type="surname" value="COLEMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-107" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>ELIZA COLEMAN</persName> </hi>, prisoner's wife. I remember the day my husband was arrested, I saw him in the morning before I went out about half-past nine. He took some money with him. He took it out of our purse. I did not see how much he took.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-108" type="surname" value="COLEMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-108" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED COLEMAN</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I went out on the morning of October 14 to go to the East-End of London. I wanted to buy some secondhand carpenters tools. I took a sovereign out of my wife's purse and I had about two shillings of my own in my pocket. I was going about all day, out I did not see any tools that I liked. I was walking about the best part of the day, and about half-past six in the evening I met two females in the North End Road, one of whom I knew very well. I have written to her from prison asking her to come here, but I have had no answer. It was one of these women that I gave the grocery to. I went to the Home and Colonial Stores and brought 1/4 lb. of tea 4 1/2 d., 1/2 lb. of margarine 6d. and then went into a public-house and had three drinks, and then into another public-house. then I bought a loaf of bread at another shop. I gave the woman that my friend lodged with eighteenpence. Then I gave the young woman half-a-crown, or rather lent it to her, and I bought a penny packet of cigarettes. I have a little child not very well at home, and I thought I would take some eggs home, so I went into Mr. Gold's shop to buy three eggs. I had no earthly means of knowing that the coin was bad.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Wilkinson. I have worked as a carpenter at the Court Theatre. That was two-and-a-half years ago. Since then I have worked at several theatres doing odd jobs. I have worked for Miss Ellen Terry within the last nine months and also for Mr. Tree. I went into the grocer's shop to get the things myself, so that the women would not know how much money I had got, because there is a deal in one of these young women's private affairs between me and my wife; I cannot say what it is. I deny that I threw a coin away on the way to the station; I dropped the coin as soon as the officer caught hold of my arm.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150032"/>
<rs id="t19101115-31-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-31-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-31-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>The police gave prisoner a general bad character as an associate of thieves. He has a wife and seven children; he is a cruel husband.</p>
<rs id="t19101115-31-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-31-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-31-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-31-19101115 t19101115-31-punishment-28"/>Eight months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19101115-32" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19101115"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-32" type="date" value="19101115"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19101115-32-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-32-19101115 t19101115-32-offence-1 t19101115-32-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-32-19101115" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-32-19101115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19101115" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19101115" type="surname" value="JACKSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19101115" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19101115" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JACKSON</hi>, Thomas (30, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19101115-32-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-32-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="damage"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-32-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>, maliciously damaging a glass window, value £20, the property of
<persName id="t19101115-name-110" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-110" type="surname" value="ABBOTT"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-110" type="given" value="WALTER PERCY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-32-offence-1 t19101115-name-110"/>Walter Percy Abbott</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Wynne prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-111" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-111" type="surname" value="JACOBS"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-111" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL JACOBS</persName> </hi>, manager to Walter Percy Abbott, boot maker, 24, Liverpool Street. I saw the window in question safe on the night of October 6, when I shut up. When I came to business the next morning it was broken. The value of the window is £20. I left at half-past eight at night, and arrived at half-past eight the next morning.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM JENNING</hi>, City. On the night of Friday, October 7, I was on duty in Liverpool Street. About a quarter to two in the morning I was in Bishopsgate Street Without. I heard a smashing of glass in the direction of Liverpool Street. I went to Liverpool Street, and prisoner came to me and said, "I have just broken that window over there." I took him back and found that the window of 24, Liverpool Street, occupied by Walter Percy Abbott and Sons, was broken. I said tot prisoner, "What did you do it with?" He said, "I did not do it with my hands." I took him to the station; when charged be made no reply.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-112" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-112" type="surname" value="JACKSON"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-112" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS JACKSON</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I left off work on October 6 at half-past seven. I went as far as Tower Bridge to meet a friend, after going home and washing. I was very disappointed at not meeting my friend, and had a few drinks while I was waiting about. I left Tower Bridge just about half-past twelve at closing time. When I was walking down Liverpool Street the constable got hold of me and accused me of breaking the window. Then the constable spoke to two gentlemen who were opposite and asked them if they heard any glass smashing and if I was the man who broke the window. They aid no, they saw nothing whatever. When I went to the court the next morning I was so excited that I did not know what I said. I was asked if I had broken the window, and I said "Yes."</p>
<rs id="t19101115-32-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-32-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-32-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>(Friday, November 18.)</p>
<p>Conviotions proved: October 13, 1906, North London Sessions, 22 months' hard labour for larceny; November 24, 1904, Clerkenwell, stealing boots; August 4, 1897, North London Sessions, 18 months, stealing a watch; August 30, 1900, three years' penal servitude and two years' supervision, stealing a locket; March 9, 1903, Clerkenwell, one month and license revoked for stealing; August 23, 1904, North London Sessions, 3 1/2 years' penal servitude, stealing a watch; two</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150033"/>
<p>other convictions for assault. Stated to have been at work since his release on April 23, 1910.</p>
<p>Prisoner's employer, John Locke, of 33, Smith Street, Cyrus Street, Clerkenwell, being prepared to give him employment and undertaking to report to the Court on January 10 next,
<rs id="t19101115-32-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-32-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-32-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-19101115 t19101115-32-punishment-29"/> prisoner was released on his own recognisance in £10 to come up for judgment if called upon.</rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUDGE LUMLEY SMITH</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, November 17.)</p>
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<interp inst="t19101115-33" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19101115"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-33" type="date" value="19101115"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19101115-33-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-19101115 t19101115-33-offence-1 t19101115-33-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19101115-33-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-19101115 t19101115-33-offence-2 t19101115-33-verdict-1"/>
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<persName id="def1-33-19101115" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-33-19101115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19101115" type="age" value="41"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19101115" type="surname" value="LE HAY"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19101115" type="given" value="PAUL ANTHONY"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19101115" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LE HAY</hi>, Paul Anthony (41, clerk)</persName>
<rs id="t19101115-33-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-33-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-33-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19101115-33-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-33-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-33-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> </hi> of forging and uttering, knowing the same to be forged, certain receipts for the payment of money, with intent to defraud</rs>;
<rs id="t19101115-33-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-33-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-33-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>forging and uttering, knowing the same to be forged, certain warrants or requests for the payment of money, with intent to defraud</rs>;
<rs id="t19101115-33-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-33-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-33-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>stealing £3 10s., the moneys of the
<persName id="t19101115-name-114" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-114" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-33-offence-3 t19101115-name-114"/>Kensington Distress Committee</persName>, his masters.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Symmons, who appeared for the prosecution, on behalf of the Central Unemployed Body of London, stated that prisoner was employed by the Kensington Distress Committee in December, 1906, to go round and see if the cases of distress were genuine. In 1908 he became clerk to that committee at £2 10s. a week. He succeeded a man who was prosecuted at this Court for absconding with the pro
<lb/>ceeds of a cheque for £70 belonging to the committee, and who was bound over to come up for judgment if called upon. Prisoner would recollect that. Certain men were appointed as inquiry agents for the committee at 30s. a week. The Central Unemployed Body gave instructions that the salary of these agents must be uniform all over London and that salary must be 35s. a week. Certain men were entitled to several weeks' arrears of 5s. The prisoner, who received this money, should have paid it over to the men, instead of which lie put it into his own pocket and forged the receipts. Prisoner had hitherto borne an excellent character.</p>
<rs id="t19101115-33-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-33-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-33-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-19101115 t19101115-33-punishment-30"/>Three months' imprisonment</rs>, second division.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19101115-34" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19101115"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-34" type="date" value="19101115"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19101115-34-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-34-19101115 t19101115-34-offence-1 t19101115-34-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-34-19101115" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-34-19101115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19101115" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19101115" type="surname" value="MEAD"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19101115" type="given" value="JAMES ARTHUR"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19101115" type="occupation" value="shoemaker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MEAD</hi>, James Arthur (42, shoemaker)</persName>
<rs id="t19101115-34-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-34-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-34-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19101115-34-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-34-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-34-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> </hi> of stealing from a barge on the navigable river Lea, two pairs of boots and other articles, the goods of
<persName id="t19101115-name-116" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-116" type="surname" value="GOLDING"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-116" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-34-offence-1 t19101115-name-116"/>Edward Golding</persName>. Numerous convictions were proved, including one of three years' penal servitude.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19101115-34-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-34-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-34-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-34-19101115 t19101115-34-punishment-31"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19101115-35" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19101115"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-35" type="date" value="19101115"/>
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<persName id="def1-35-19101115" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-35-19101115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19101115" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19101115" type="surname" value="HODGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19101115" type="given" value="ALFRED EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19101115" type="occupation" value="accountant"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HODGE</hi>, Alfred Edward (28, accountant)</persName>
<rs id="t19101115-35-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-35-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-35-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19101115-35-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-35-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-35-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> </hi> of felo
<lb/>niously uttering, knowing the same to be forged, a certain request to the delivery of goods, with intent to defraud</rs>;
<rs id="t19101115-35-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-35-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-35-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>obtaining by false pre
<lb/>tences from
<persName id="t19101115-name-118" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-118" type="surname" value="WILBOURNE"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-118" type="given" value="HENRY THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-35-offence-2 t19101115-name-118"/>Henry Thomas Wilbourne</persName> one dozen pairs of trousers and one dozen shirts, the goods of
<persName id="t19101115-name-119" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-119" type="surname" value="MORLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-119" type="given" value="SAMUEL HOPE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-35-offence-2 t19101115-name-119"/>Samuel Hope Morley</persName> and others, with intent to defraud</rs>;
<rs id="t19101115-35-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-35-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-35-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t19101115-name-120" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-120" type="surname" value="TOWELL"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-120" type="given" value="GEORGE ARTHUR"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-35-offence-3 t19101115-name-120"/>George Arthur Towell</persName> one quarter dozen vests and other articles, the goods of Hine</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150034"/>
<p>Parker and Company, Limited, and from George Joseph Howes six shirts, the goods of Harry Jones, in each case with intent to defraud.</p>
<p>Mr. F. W. Morley, who appeared for the prosecution, said the facts were practically the same in all three cases. Prisoner went to ware-houses in the City and obtained the goods by representing that he came from customers who had an account there.</p>
<rs id="t19101115-35-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-35-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-35-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-35-19101115 t19101115-35-punishment-32"/>Three months' imprisonment</rs>, second division, on each in
<lb/>dictment, to run concurrently.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19101115-36">
<interp inst="t19101115-36" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19101115"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-36" type="date" value="19101115"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19101115-36-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-36-19101115 t19101115-36-offence-1 t19101115-36-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19101115-36-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-36-19101115 t19101115-36-offence-2 t19101115-36-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-36-19101115" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-36-19101115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19101115" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19101115" type="surname" value="HARVIE"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19101115" type="given" value="ARTHUR LEONARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19101115" type="occupation" value="bank clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARVIE</hi>, Arthur Leonard (32, bank clerk)</persName>
<rs id="t19101115-36-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-36-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-36-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, unlawfully obtaining on or about
<rs id="t19101115-cd-1" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-36-offence-1 t19101115-cd-1"/>December 6, 1899</rs>, from the
<persName id="t19101115-name-122" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-122" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-36-offence-1 t19101115-name-122"/>Economic Life Assurance Society</persName>, the sum of £1,000 with intent to defraud</rs>;
<rs id="t19101115-36-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-36-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-36-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/> unlawfully obtain
<lb/>ing on
<rs id="t19101115-cd-2" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-36-offence-2 t19101115-cd-2"/>August 8,1901</rs>, from the
<persName id="t19101115-name-123" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-123" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-36-offence-2 t19101115-name-123"/>Reversionary Society of Great Britain, Limited</persName>, the sum of £195, also with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Moresby White prosecuted; Mr. C. F. Gill, K.C., and Mr. Huntly Jenkins defended.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-124" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-124" type="surname" value="KIMBER"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-124" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY D. KIMBER</persName> </hi>, Solicitor and Commissioner of Oaths. I took a statutory declaration on August 1, 1901, which was signed "Arthur L. Harvie." I could not say whether or not prisoner signed it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BRIGHT</hi>. My father is ill and cannot attend to give evidence. In 1899 he was a Commissioner for Oaths. This statutory declara
<lb/>tion, dated November, 1899, bears his signature, also the signature of Harvie.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-125" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-125" type="surname" value="FINCH"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-125" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED FINCH</persName> </hi>, clerk in Central Office, Royal Courts of Justice. I produce Exhibits 18 and 19 which were directed to be held by the Court by Mr. Justice Neville. I have the judgment drawn up by the Registrar. I produce the original letters referred to in the judgment.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The papers were impounded by the Judge. As far as I know they were not sent to Sir Charles Mathews. I think the case before Mr. Justice Neville lasted three days. He stayed execution with a view to appeal. The appeal has been heard and judgment was reserved. I believe it is to be given to-day.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HARDY</hi>. I acted as solicitor for the Economic Society in 1899 ond the occasion of this loan to prisoner. I have never seen prisoner. I prepared the deed of December 6, 1899. I did not see it executed. It is a mortgage to the defendant from the Economic Society for £1,000. The receipt clause was in its present condition when it cam back to me. We were dealing with an ordinary reversion. The money would not have been advanced without a statutory declaration.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I never came in contact with Harvie at all. The negotiations were conducted through a Mr. Watson, solicitor.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">OLDFIELD</hi>, solicitor, Walbrook, E.C. I am managing director of the Property and Estates Company, Limited. I acted for the com
<lb/>pany in the 1901 loan of £195. The Reversionary Company of Great Britain lent the money to the defendant. The effect of the con
<lb/>tract was that the Reversionary company in 1903 purchased for £195 one-fifth of £250,000 Consols. The statutory declaration was made in order that we might be satisfied that the exercise of the power of appointment to defendant was a good one. The Property and Estates Company were defendants in the Chancery action. To
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150035"/>
<p>the end of last year came the first intimation to me that there was anything wrong.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. To the best of my knowledge I never saw defen
<lb/>dant in connection with the matter. The Reversionary Company still exist. The Property and Estates Company bought a number of rever
<lb/>sions from them and they passed a resolution instructing me to pro
<lb/>secute in this case. I am managing director. My firm are its soli
<lb/>citors and they advise me. The papers were not submitted to the Public Prosecutor. I did not know I could do it. I do not do criminal work myself; I do not understand it. I quite understand that I can submit a matter to the Public Prosecutor. We are pro
<lb/>secuting on the advice of counsel. I swore the information. It was a charge of perjury. I believe the summons was served upon the prisoner at the bank where he has been employed 17 years. The matter came before the Lord Mayor, who dismissed the charge. By my own voluntary act I was bound over to prosecute him, one charge being that of obtaining money by false pretences. The Lord Mayor dismissed both charges. Then a bill was preferred against him on a charge of obtaining money by false pretences. I heard that prisoner's father had been represented by a solicitor named Watson. I did not know at the time that Watson was acting for him before 1889. Watson was not the solicitor when we were concerned with Harvie in 1901. The 1899 declaration, I could see, was made by a professional man. I believe there "was an absolute power of appoint
<lb/>ment of the whole fund to any one, or more than one, child under the marriage settlement. The words in the declaration mean that when the money came into his possession he could apply it to his own use and benefit. He has the right to it under the appointment. All I know about this and what was happening at that time is derived from the letters which have been put in and from the judgment and the evidence given in the civil action. I do not know that Watson obtained this money from the Economic and retained it in his posses
<lb/>sion for some two months. I have no doubt it is the fact. I remember the letter of February 20, 1901, from prisoner to his father, in which he says, "I am not sending you in a lump sum all of it, because taking your last six or seven years in Bedford it would not last long," etc. "I have given Mr. Watson £86 for you and you had £90 last month. Where has it all gone? £200 and over gone in 12 months." The letter of February 11, 1901, appears to be perfectly genuine:" If this cannot be done the present reversion I hold must be foreclosed, and the balance should keep you from starving as long as it lasts. Perhaps as it all falls to us we shall not miss it in comparison as you require it." I understand Watson became bankrupt in March.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-126" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-126" type="surname" value="CHILDS"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-126" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY CHILDS</persName> </hi>, insurance clerk, Threadneedle Street, E.C., identi
<lb/>fied prisoner's signature to various documents.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BERG</hi>, solicitor, and partner in Oldfields. I did the legal work after the £195 was advanced. I did not conduct the negotiations. I prepared the two assignments, one for £145 and the other for £50. I sent a cheque for £25 to defendant at the request of his solicitor in advance. He acknowledged that by a letter of June 10, 1901. I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150036"/>
<p>also prepared the statutory declaration of August 1, 1901. We became aware at the end of last year that the appointments were wrong. On March 31, 1910, defendant came to see us. At that time the action in the High Court had started, and I had the documents with me. I called his attention to certain allegations in clause 5 of the statement of claim. I went through the whole thing. He said there had been a bargain between him and his father and that he had handed some of the money over to his father.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I never saw prisoner before that interview. I do not say he used exactly the words I used. We believed his sisters were perfectly aware of the transactions from the first. The Economic Company's solicitor told me that prisoner never came into contact with that company. We were made defendants in the action of Woodbridge v. Harvie, which was settled by a compromise agree
<lb/>ment. Mrs. Harvie had mortgaged her life interest. It has not been: put forward that that agreement settled everything. I knew the negotiations were carried on with Watson. Prisoner did not tell me that, nor that Watson was his father's solicitor and friend.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-127" type="surname" value="HARVIE"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-127" type="given" value="ARTHUR LEONARD"/>ARTHUR LEONARD HARVIE</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I am in the employ f Parr's Bank. They are cognisant of this case and have been from he first. My father was a solicitor at Bedford. He was addicted to drink and was in pecuniary difficulties for some years. I was very much attached to my mother and was anxious about the position of affairs. Before I was 21 my father wrote me about raising money to pay off some debts. I wrote on March 4 that year to him. I was then under the impression that something should be done which would not involve the other members of the family in any loss. I was then in the employ of the bank. My only feeling was that there was some
<lb/>thing I could do to help them. When I wrote in the beginning of 1901 that I thought the money might help them and that perhaps the loss would not be so heavy on us all, I thought we might not miss it. The appointment that was made was a matter that was carried through by my father and Mr. Watson. I had no one to advise me and had nothing to do with that at all. I relied on what I was told by Watson. I never came into contact with the Economic Company. Watson carried out the whole transaction. I had no reason to suspect Watson. He was a most respected man at that time. I signed whatever docu
<lb/>ments he sent. When the declaration came I sent it back to him and drew his attention to the clause that the money was for my own use and benefit; of course I had in my mind that the money was not for me at all; I did not know it was coming through my hands even. I sent it back and asked if I could make it safely; he said I could, that it was my money to do just as I liked with and the declaration was a matter of form—something like that. He received the money two months before it reached me. I did not know that at the time. The day I received it I sent Watson a cheque for £800. It was to be invested so that my father and mother would get it from time to</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150037"/>
<p>time. I gave them £65 on March 5, 1900. This if the cheque. This copy account has been made by my employers from the ledgers for this case. Watson became bankrupt in 1901, and it turned out he was con
<lb/>nected with a number of fraudulent transactions. He was prosecuted and convicted in 1901. From the time of his bankruptcy to the time of his conviction he was supposed to have invested some money temporarily for me. I had not the slightest idea that I was engaged in any sort of fraud. I did not come into contact with the Reversionary Company. In what I did I relied on what I had been told by Watson originally. In regard to the handling of the money in order to prevent my father getting too much of it I asserted some right over him. I was prepared to sign any document. I heard that Watson's trustee in bank
<lb/>ruptcy was putting forward some claim against my father, and my letter of June 22, 1901, suggests that Watson's debt to me should be a set-off of the alleged debt by my father to him. Of the money I got from the Economic I sent my father £44. I remember having an inter
<lb/>view with Mr. Berg. He told me he had received a notice from my sisters' solicitor alleging that the appointments made in my favour ten or eleven years ago were bad. I asked him how it was it could be so. He told me my statements were false; I said they could not be; I could stick to them. I could still go on saying I meant what I signed and it was perfectly right. Then he said my sister's solicitors had shown him letters which pointed out that there had been bargaining. I told him there could not have been any bargaining, because my idea of a bargain was for my father to tell me "If you raise the money, give me so much; I will give you so much for doing so." He pointed out what a bargain in the legal term meant. He was the first one that impressed on my mind that I had signed a false declaration. He said my sisters sent him a letter obviously pointing out that there was a bargain. I said I was very, very sorry, and I felt my position very much indeed, and I said it was not as if I could help them in any way. I was exceedingly distressed. I thought I could do absolutely what I liked with the money.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I could not have understood the effect of the paragraph in the statutory declarations. I was living in London. I signed them in Mr. Bright's office. I probably went there by myself; I could not say for certain. I took nobody's advice in London. I have not got any of Watson's letters; I destroyed them when the bank sent me to their Herne Bay branch in 1902 or 1903. Shortly after 1900 I consulted Mr. Pollock, solicitor. I did not keep £300 out of the pro
<lb/>ceeds myself; the most I could possibly have had was £157, as is shown by the extract from my account made by the bank. The rest was given to Watson partly for my father and partly for other specific purposes. I cannot say that it was arranged beforehand between my father and myself that he was to have part and I part. I never thought I was going to see any of the money even. I realised that I could refuse to pay part of the £1,000 to my father when the money came through my hands. I do not think I was pressed for money in 1899. I wrote him in February, 1901: "I have just seen a gentleman who is interested in my case and he seems to agree with a new idea of mine." That idea is</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150038"/>
<p>explained in the letter. I suggested to my father, "Will you appoint me another £2,000 or £3,000 so that I can write the Economic and ask what they can let me have on it." I did not realise the importance of me declaration. The statement that I had repeatedly told something to many solicitors was a fabrication. My great idea was to keep from my father the giving of an account of the money I had. I had not seen many solicitors. As my letters say" the matter has been declined by two or three solicitors," I must have. I do not recollect doing it. I cannot say from whom the idea of the second loan came. The new idea was to go to the Economic to raise further money. I cannot say if the suggested deed of trust was executed by me. I cannot say what deeds I signed ten years ago. I do not know if the money I sent to Watson to invest was to be invested for myself; I won't admit it was to myself. I did not know my sisters were going to bring an action in the High Court till Mr. Berg told me. I told Mr. Berg I had seen Fowler and Co., my sister's solicitors. They asked me for a statement; I did not know what it was wanted for. I declined to give it because I had signed these two declarations. I have no recollection of Mr. Berg reading to me the document which he has referred to; I have only a recollection of the conversation. He did not ask me if I received the money for my own use. I told him I thought my sister's action was a very bad one, that my declarations were not false, that I could and would stand by them. I may have told him I had given some of the money to my father. I have no recollection of telling him that my father had asked me to give him some before he appointed me to the money. I was distressed that through my innocent action of ten years ago these people stood a chance of losing their money. The moral side of the thing was disgraceful because I had had the money and it had gone to help my father and mother. I did not tell Mr. Berg that one of the solicitors had been through the declaration with me and had a discussion about it. I do not recollect whether or not I went alone on that occasion to the Commissioner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-128" type="surname" value="BOWDEN"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-128" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD BOWDEN</persName> </hi>, schoolmaster, Bedford. I have known prisoner since he was twelve years old. As far as I know he has been upright, truthful, well-behaved, and honest.</p>
<rs id="t19101115-36-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-36-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-36-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MR. JUSTICE DARLING</hi>.</p>
<p>(Friday, November 18.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19101115-37">
<interp inst="t19101115-37" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19101115"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-37" type="date" value="19101115"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19101115-37-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-37-19101115 t19101115-37-offence-1 t19101115-37-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-37-19101115" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-37-19101115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19101115" type="age" value="58"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19101115" type="surname" value="WOOLF"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19101115" type="given" value="NOAH"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19101115" type="occupation" value="bookbinder"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WOOLF</hi>, Noah (58, bookbinder)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t19101115-37-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-37-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-37-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/> for and charged on the coroner's inquisition with the wilful murder of
<persName id="t19101115-name-130" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-130" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-130" type="surname" value="SIMON"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-130" type="given" value="AARON"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-37-offence-1 t19101115-name-130"/>Aaron Simon</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Bodkin, Mr. Leycester, and Mr. Roome prosecuted; Mr. Lawrie defended (at the request of the Court).</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-131" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-131" type="surname" value="LEVINSON"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-131" type="given" value="ISAAC"/>ISAAC LEVINSON</persName> </hi>. I am secretary of the British Society for the Propagation of the Gospel among the Jews, which has a home for aged Hebrew Christians at 43, St. John's Villas, Upper Holloway. Prisoner and his wife entered that home in October, 1907. Prisoner</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150039"/>
<p>is a bookbinder, but while at the home he did no work, being disabled by rupture and varicose, veins. In February last Aaron Simon entered the home; his age was about 68. In May I told pri
<lb/>soner that as it seemed impossible for him to live on friendly terms with the other inmates, as he was so quarrelsome, I must request him to leave. A meeting of the inmates was held at which prisoner and Simon were present. Prisoner declared that all the inmates were in a conspiracy against him and were lying. However, it was decided that he should leave, and he left on July 4. We agreed to make him a grant of 8s. 6d. a week for three months.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-132" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-132" type="surname" value="NACHIM"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-132" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>MICHAEL NACHIM</persName> </hi>, superintendent of the mission, said that he paid prisoner the 8s. 6d. a week as arranged, the last payment being on October 7.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-133" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-133" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-133" type="surname" value="YUNG"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-133" type="given" value="AMALIE"/>AMALIE YUNG</persName> </hi>, matron of the home. On October 27 about 9.45 p.m. prisoner came and asked me "Is Simon in?" I said that he was in bed asleep and I would not disturb him. Next morning I saw Simon in his bed at nine o'clock; he was then perfectly well. at 10.30 pri
<lb/>soner came and asked me, "Is Simon in?" I said, "Yes; shall I show you in?" he said, "All right, don't trouble, I know where his room is." He then went up in the direction of Simon's room. About 11o'clock I saw prisoner running down the front doorsteps.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. When prisoner arrived he was quite cool and collected; there was nothing in his manner to specially attract atten
<lb/>tion. I saw and heard nothing during the half hour he was in Simon's room.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">KICHARD TURNER</hi>, 91 Y. I was in charge of Upper Holloway Police Station on October 28. About 11 a.m. prisoner came in and said, "I wish to give myself up for killing a man at 43, St. John's Villas." Producing a large two-edged knife he said, "This is what I did it with." The knife was wet with blood.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN RICH</hi>, 66 Y. I was sent for by the last wit
<lb/>ness to 43, St. John's Villas. In a room on the first-floor back I saw the dead body of Simon. There were signs of a struggle in the room; the coal-pail was knocked over and the water jug; the bed had appar
<lb/>ently been pushed on one side.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-134" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-134" type="surname" value="RATTRAY"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-134" type="given" value="PATRICK WHITE"/>PATRICK WHITE RATTRAY</persName> </hi>, Divisional Surgeon. I was called to the house just after 11 a.m. on October 28 and saw the dead body of Simon; I think he must have just died. There were four wounds in the neck and four on the lift side of the chest, just over the area of the heart. The principal wound on the neck was on the right side, just at the back of the neck; it was a very deep wound, and had cut through all the muscles and tissues of the neck and opened the deep jugular vein. Another wound was in the middle line of the neck, just below the larynx, cutting through all the tissues right down to the spinal column. The wounds in the chest were stab wounds; three of them were serious. All the wounds were such as might have been caused by the knife produced; considerable force would have been required. There were minor wounds on the hands, such as might have been caused by a struggle for possession of the knife. On examining prisoner I found similar cuts on his hands.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150040"/>
<p>Cross-examined. I think the wound in the heart was inflicted just as the man was dying or after he was dead.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOSEPH SILVER</hi>, 73 Y. I had charge of prisoner after he had surrendered himself. He said to me, "Simon said I was a hypocrite; if he had only withdrawn the words I should not have done it "; he then commenced crying and sobbing.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ARTHUR NEIL</hi>, Y Division. At 12.45 p.m. on October 28 I saw prisoner at the station and told him that I should charge him with the murder of Simon by stabbing him with this knife, producing same. He was about to say something, when I stopped him and cautioned him. He said, "Yes, I know. I did it. I would like to tell you all about it and how it happened." I again cautioned him. He then made a statement, which was written down, read over to, and signed by him.</p>
<p>The statement was read. In it prisoner said: "I bought the knife a few weeks before I left the home. I had it ground as it now is about four weeks ago, about a week before I left Myddleton Street, at the time the society told me they could not help me any more; I had it done for the purpose of using it on the deceased if he would not withdraw his words. I went to Simon and argued the question with him, telling him that if he would withdraw the lies he had told about me he might get me re-admitted into the home. He told me he could not withdraw what he had said, whether it was lies or truth. I then stabbed him in the neck and about the chest, and h fell to the floor; to make sure of his death I stabbed him two or three more times as he was on the floor."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-135" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-135" type="surname" value="EDMONDS"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-135" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>LOUISA EDMONDS</persName> </hi>, who was matron of the home for some time before Yung, was called by the prosecution at the request of Mr. Lawrie. She said she had known prisoner all the time he was in the home down to October 13 last, he was always a respectable and well-behaved man; he was giving to arguing, particularly with Simon, but was not a quarrelsome-man.</p>
<p>No evidence was called for the defence.</p>
<rs id="t19101115-37-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-37-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-37-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>Guilty of wilful murder, "with a recommendation to mercy."</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19101115-37-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-37-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-37-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-37-19101115 t19101115-37-punishment-33"/>Death.</rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE RECORDER</hi>.</p>
<p>(Friday, November 18.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19101115-38">
<interp inst="t19101115-38" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19101115"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-38" type="date" value="19101115"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19101115-38-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-38-19101115 t19101115-38-offence-1 t19101115-38-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-38-19101115" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-38-19101115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19101115" type="age" value="57"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19101115" type="surname" value="YOUNG"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19101115" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19101115" type="occupation" value="dealer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">YOUNG</hi>, James (57, dealer)</persName>
<rs id="t19101115-38-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-38-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-38-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/>, breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t19101115-name-137" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-137" type="surname" value="McKANE"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-137" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-38-offence-1 t19101115-name-137"/>John McKane</persName> with intent to steal therein and feloniously wounding the said John McKane with intent to resist his lawful appre
<lb/>hension.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19101115-38-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-38-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-38-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>Prisoner pleaded guilty to the first indictment and of assaulting with intent to resist his lawful apprehension, which pleas were accepted by the prosecution.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150041"/>
<p>An indictment of prisoner as a habitual criminal was not proceeded with, the Recorder stating that the offences of which prisoner had pleaded guilty did not justify his passing sentence of penal servitude.</p>
<rs id="t19101115-38-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-38-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-38-punishment-34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-38-19101115 t19101115-38-punishment-34"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19101115-39">
<interp inst="t19101115-39" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19101115"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-39" type="date" value="19101115"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19101115-39-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-39-19101115 t19101115-39-offence-1 t19101115-39-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-39-19101115" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-39-19101115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19101115" type="age" value="50"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19101115" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19101115" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19101115" type="occupation" value="bagmaker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILSON</hi>, George (50, bagmaker)</persName>
<rs id="t19101115-39-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-39-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-39-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, indicted for maliciously causing; grievous bodily harm to
<persName id="t19101115-name-139" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-139" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-139" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-139" type="given" value="HARRIET"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-39-offence-1 t19101115-name-139"/>Harriet Wilson</persName>,</rs>
<rs id="t19101115-39-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-39-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-39-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty of unlawful wounding, which plea was accepted by the prosecution.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM WOOD</hi>, J Division, proved a conviction for an aggravated assault on the same person, prisoner's wife (he had tried to pull her tongue out), on June 15, 1909, at the North London Police Court, when he received three months' hard labour, and five further convictions, four of them for being drunk and disorderly and one for larceny. In September, 1909, prosecutrix obtained an order of sepa
<lb/>ration from him. He was stated to be a man of drunken and filthy habits and to have a violent temper. Medical evidence was called as to injuries sustained by prosecutrix on the present charge.</p>
<rs id="t19101115-39-punishment-35" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-39-punishment-35" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-39-punishment-35" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-39-19101115 t19101115-39-punishment-35"/>Five years' penal servitude</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19101115-40">
<interp inst="t19101115-40" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19101115"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-40" type="date" value="19101115"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19101115-40-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-40-19101115 t19101115-40-offence-1 t19101115-40-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-40-19101115" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-40-19101115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-40-19101115" type="age" value="49"/>
<interp inst="def1-40-19101115" type="surname" value="BULL"/>
<interp inst="def1-40-19101115" type="given" value="CHARLES FRANCIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-40-19101115" type="occupation" value="canvasser"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BULL</hi>, Charles Francis (49, canvasser)</persName>
<rs id="t19101115-40-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-40-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-40-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19101115-40-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-40-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-40-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> </hi> of feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19101115-name-141" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-141" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-141" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-141" type="given" value="AGNES MARY ANN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-40-offence-1 t19101115-name-141"/>Agnes Mary Ann Collins</persName>, his former wife being then alive.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALBERT SHARP</hi>, N Division, stated that prisoner, when a young man, had been sent by Sir Edward Clarke, his em
<lb/>ployer, to Australia, to endeavour to redeem him from his drunken habits, but he had returned to this country. He had left his wife 12 or 13 years, and Mrs. Collins, a widow, had been given reason to sup
<lb/>pose that her marriage with prisoner was legal.</p>
<rs id="t19101115-40-punishment-36" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-40-punishment-36" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-40-punishment-36" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-40-19101115 t19101115-40-punishment-36"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19101115-41">
<interp inst="t19101115-41" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19101115"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-41" type="date" value="19101115"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19101115-41-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-41-19101115 t19101115-41-offence-1 t19101115-41-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-41-19101115" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-41-19101115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-41-19101115" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-41-19101115" type="surname" value="DUNDERDALE"/>
<interp inst="def1-41-19101115" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-41-19101115" type="occupation" value="porter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DUNDERDALE</hi>, Edward (29, porter)</persName>
<rs id="t19101115-41-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-41-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-41-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, robbery with violence upon
<persName id="t19101115-name-143" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-143" type="surname" value="TONER"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-143" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-41-offence-1 t19101115-name-143"/>Edward Toner</persName> and stealing from him 9s. 3d., his moneys.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-144" type="surname" value="TONER"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-144" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD TONER</persName> </hi>, labourer, 6, Radnor Street, Kentish Town. About 12.20 a.m. on November 2 I went to a common lodging-house in Howard Street, Kentish Town, for a bed. I gave the deputy a half-sovereign and he gave me 9s. 6d. in change. I went out and bough a pint of ale which I brought in. I sat down in the kitchen and was having my supper, when prisoner and another man walked in. Pri
<lb/>soner took up my can of ale and handed it to the other man, but he refused to drink. I told him if he drank it he would have to pay for some more. He came over to my side and struck me a severe blow on the left side of the jaw, knocking me on the floor and smashing two of my teeth. He then jumped on my stomach. He put his right hand into my left-hand trouser pocket and took out my purse containing 9s. 3d. I got up to protect myself and he struck me on the temple and again jumped on my stomach, causing me great pain. I am still feeling the effects of the violence; food makes me vomit. I shouted, "Murder!" and "Help!" and the deputy came down. I told him what had happened. Prisoner and his friend ran away. Two days afterwards I identified him at the police-station.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150042"/>
<p>Cross-examined by prisoner. When you came down I was not sing
<lb/>ing and dancing with three or four others and I did not spill some beer over you. I have never said you knocked me insensible.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-145" type="surname" value="SIMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-145" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE SIMPSON</persName> </hi>. On the morning of November 2 I was acting as Assistant deputy at the common lodging-house at 104, Howard Street. I have known prisoner to come there occasionally. About 12.45 pro
<lb/>secutor came in with a can of beer and sat down. Prisoner, who came in with a lad, drank from it. Prosecutor asked him if he was going to pay for some more and prisoner struck him on the left side of the face and in the stomach. There was some wrestling and they fell to the floor twice. When they got up the second time prisoner ran away. Prosecutor showed me his pocket, which was torn. I did not see prisoner bring in any ale nor did I see prosecutor spill any beer over him. I identified prisoner two days after.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. I was there all the time you were fighting. It must have been a foul fight, because he offered no resistance; you could not call it a fight really.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS MARSHALL</hi>, divisional surgeon, Y Division. At 9 p.m. on November 4 I was called to see prosecutor. There was a very recent scar on the inside of his mouth caused by the cheek being forced against the teeth, and there was one tooth in the upper jaw out and one badly broken. Such injuries could only have been caused by a violent blow with the fist. He complained also of a blow on the forehead, and I saw a little swelling there. He did not men
<lb/>tion any injury to his stomach; he ought to have done so.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-146" type="surname" value="LANE"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-146" type="given" value="ADOLPHUS WILLIAM"/>ADOLPHUS WILLIAM LANE</persName> </hi>, deputy at the common lodging-house, 104, Howard Street, Kentish Town. About 12.30 a.m. on November 2 prisoner, whom I know well, came in. I asked him to go out, but he refused. Previously to this prosecutor had come in, paid 6d. for a bed, tendering half a sovereign, from which I gave him the change; he then went out, returning with a can of beer at 12.30 a.m. he went down in the kitchen. Prisoner then came in and went down there. He afterwards ran out, and I ran after him with a hammer.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. You went down to the kitchen at about 12.45 a.m.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ARTHUR PINNOCK</hi>, Y Division. On November 2 I took statements from prosecutor and (Simpson. At 5 p.m. on November 4, at the Caledonian Road Police Station, I explained to prisoner the evidence I had received, and he said, "I had some of his beer, but I did not have his money. What is the charge going to be? I have been told it is highway robbery with violence." I told him the charge would be for assaulting prosecutor and stealing 9s. 3d. from him. I took him to Kentish Town Police Station. On the way he said, "You know this might mean the 'nickers' (penal servitude) for me." He was identified by prosecutor and the deputy without hesitation. On being charged he turned to prosecutor and aid, "Did you spend your money in drink, or did I have it?" Prosecutor made no reply.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-147" type="surname" value="DUNDERDALE"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-147" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD DUNDERDALE</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath). I went to this com
<lb/>mon lodging-house on this evening with a can of beer, when I found prosecutor with the deputy and other men singing and dancing.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150043"/>
<p>Prosecutor spilt some beer over me, whether accidentally or not I do not know, and I asked him to apologise. He would not, and we had a fair stand-up fight.</p>
<rs id="t19101115-41-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-41-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-41-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Prisoner confessed to a previous conviction of felony on May 17, 1910, at Marylebone Police Court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-148" type="surname" value="BARLOW"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-148" type="given" value="HARRY"/>HARRY BARLOW</persName> </hi> (warder, Pentonville Prison) proved this convic
<lb/>tion and the following: November, 1896, Marylebone Police Court, bound over for larceny; September, 1897, same court, three months as a rogue and vagabond; July, 1901, North London Sessions, 21 months, possession of housebreaking implements; and five further convictions in 1906, 1907, and 1909, all for assaults on the police and private persons.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-149" type="surname" value="PINNOCK"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-149" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR PINNOCK</persName> </hi> (recalled) stated that he had known prisoner since he was 17; that he had served in the Army from 1903 to 1906, leaving with a good character; that he was noted for his violence, and that he in the majority of cases struck his victims in the stomach.</p>
<rs id="t19101115-41-punishment-37" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-41-punishment-37" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-41-punishment-37" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-41-19101115 t19101115-41-punishment-37"/>20 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Friday, November 18.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19101115-42">
<interp inst="t19101115-42" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19101115"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-42" type="date" value="19101115"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19101115-42-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-42-19101115 t19101115-42-offence-1 t19101115-42-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-42-19101115" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-42-19101115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-42-19101115" type="age" value="53"/>
<interp inst="def1-42-19101115" type="surname" value="THEOBALD"/>
<interp inst="def1-42-19101115" type="given" value="JOHN DASELEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-42-19101115" type="occupation" value="optician"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THEOBALD</hi> John Daseley (53, optician)</persName>
<rs id="t19101115-42-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-42-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-42-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, obtaining: by false pre
<lb/>tences from
<persName id="t19101115-name-151" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-151" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-151" type="given" value="THOMAS BARTHOLOMEW"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-42-offence-1 t19101115-name-151"/>Thomas Bartholomew Smith</persName> 5s., from
<persName id="t19101115-name-152" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-152" type="surname" value="ROGERS"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-152" type="given" value="BENJAMIN WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-42-offence-1 t19101115-name-152"/>Benjamin William Rogers</persName> 5s., from
<persName id="t19101115-name-153" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-153" type="surname" value="PALK"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-153" type="given" value="JOHN CUTHBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-42-offence-1 t19101115-name-153"/>John Cuthbert Palk</persName> 5s., from
<persName id="t19101115-name-154" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-154" type="surname" value="TIFFELEN"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-154" type="given" value="LEONARD JOHANNSEN VAN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-42-offence-1 t19101115-name-154"/>Leonard Johannsen Van Tiffelen</persName> 5s., from
<persName id="t19101115-name-155" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-155" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-155" type="surname" value="HARRINGTON"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-155" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-42-offence-1 t19101115-name-155"/>Mary Harrington</persName> 5s. and 2s. 3d., and from
<persName id="t19101115-name-156" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-156" type="surname" value="CHICK"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-156" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-42-offence-1 t19101115-name-156"/>James Chick</persName> 5s. and 2s. 3d., in each case with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Muir, Mr. Leycester, and Mr. Oddie prosecuted. Mr. Curtis Bennett and Mr. Eustace Fulton defended.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-157" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-157" type="given" value="THOMAS BARTHOLOMEW"/>THOMAS BARTHOLOMEW SMITH</persName> </hi>, Sirdar Road, Wood Green. I was at one time a bookbinder, have been 25 years a draper's assistant and am now out of employment. In July, 1910, I answered advertisement in the "Daily Mail": "£2 weekly and upwards easily earned at home by transferring pictures. All materials provided. Full particulars from the Nathomas Company, 10 Staines Road, Hounslow," and re
<lb/>ceived circular produced from "The National Home Employment Association, Albemarle Works, 10, Staines Road, Hounslow," stating that 30s. to £5 per week could be earned by making magic lantern slides by pasting transfers on to glass hinding the glasses together etc.; that 5s. was to be sent for the vaule of the materials, which would be returned on the work being done, stating that young ladies of 18 to 19 were earning 20s. to 30s. a week, that old people of 60 to 70 and chil
<lb/>dren of 14 to 15 and other persons were doing it in their spare time; that others were making the slides and selling them at a good profit; that the Association had a very large trade and had been in the business for 35 years; that the work was perfectly simple and could be done by anyone using ordinary care; and that a payment of 2d. per dozen slides</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150044"/>
<p>would be made. I then called at 10, Staines Road, asked for the managing director and saw Miss Woods, signed the circular, paid 5s., And received box containing three dozen glass plates, binding, glue, and three dozen transfers together with six additional glass plates for experiment and one finished slide, also circular giving instructions how the work was to be done. I then completed the three dozen slides; it took me about a week, working three or four hours a day. On July 15 I sent the slides by Pickford's to Staines Road, paying the carriage, 4d., and wrote asking for the return of my 5s. and to be supplied with materials for making 100 dozen slides. I then received printed imita
<lb/>tion typewritten letter stating that 19 of my 36 slides were defective, that they would be charged for at 1d. each; or by paying 2s. 3d. I could have 36 more transfers and try again. I wrote protesting that the slides were not defective, although the work might be a little rough and that the circular had stated they would not be rejected on that ground. Plates were afterwards returned to me (produced); they are not defective.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Having received the green circular I went to the works to ask if I could have plenty of work and to confirm the whole thing. I saw the box of materials and paid my 5s. I did not expect to be paid if the transfers were torn. Some of my slides (produced) have no film on the glass in the white places; they are slightly imperfect, but not torn.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS HALL</hi>, T Division. On Monday last I bought at Gamages three sets of slides produced: "Handy Andy"; "Fine Art Gallery—Comic "; "Swiss Family Robinson" (Extracts 28, 29, and 30.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-158" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-158" type="given" value="THOMAS BARTHOLOMEW"/>THOMAS BARTHOLOMEW SMITH</persName> </hi> recalled. In Extract 28 white parts are in clear glass. (Specimens of witness's slides of the same set as those bought from Gamage were compared by the jury.)</p>
<persName id="t19101115-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-159" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-159" type="surname" value="HARRINGTON"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-159" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY HARRINGTON</hi> </persName>, domestic servant. On May 2, 1910, I was out of employment living with my parents at Waverley Road, Kennington, when I answered advertisement of the National Home Employment Association offering work at which 30s. to £5 a week could be earned, received green. circular, saw Miss Woods at 10, Staines Road, paid 5s. deposit and received box of materials. I spent about six hours in making three dozen slides and forwarded them to the factory, when I received typewritten circular stating that 25 were defective and that I could have three dozen transfers to try again by sending 2s. 3d., which I sent by postal order. I again did the slides and was informed that they were perfect and that I could have 60 dozen further slides to do. I received the materials and spent six weeks working for two or three hours a day for two or three days a week in doing the slides. I then forwarded them by
<persName id="t19101115-name-160" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-160" type="surname" value="PATERSON"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-160" type="given" value="CARTER"/>Carter Paterson</persName> to Staines Road, paying 1s. car
<lb/>riage. I received no reply, called twice at that works, and in July got a letter stating that 119 were spoilt, for which I should be charged 1d. each and that there was 3d. due to me. I made no further applica
<lb/>tion, have received no payment, and am 11s. 3d. out of pocket. I did the work as carefully as I could. Sample of my slides produced has minute holes; some of them are not perfect; the bulk of them were perfectly done.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150045"/>
<p>Cross-examined. I saw Miss Woods at the works, understood what the work was, and do not say I was entitled to anything for the first three dozen, nor complain of having to pay 2s. 3d. for the further trans
<lb/>fers. I also agreed to pay 1d. each for the spoilt slides.</p>
<persName id="t19101115-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-161" type="surname" value="TIFFELEN"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-161" type="given" value="LEONARD JOHANNSEN VAN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LEONARD JOHANNSEN VAN TIFFELEN</hi> </persName>, Lisson Grove, Marylebone, de
<lb/>corative painter. I replied to advertisement, paid 5s., received box of materials, completed the first three dozen slides in about ten or 12 hours, and forwarded them to Staines Road, when I received type
<lb/>written circular stating that 12 were defective. I paid 1s. for carriage and have received no return of my 5s. I do not say my slides were not defective.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The slides were returned to me at my own request.</p>
<p>Re-examined. On examining my slides I can only find one defective. (The slides were examined by the Jury.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-162" type="surname" value="ASHBY"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-162" type="given" value="EDWARD BERNARD"/>EDWARD BERNARD ASHBY</persName> </hi>, accountant at Barclay's Bank, Houns
<lb/>low. Prisoner has an account at my bank in the name of J. Theobald and Co., which he alone draws on. I produce certified extract show
<lb/>ing total credits from October 1, 1909, to October 13, 1910, of £6,143 0s. 8d., of which £1,028 2s. 2d. was paid in postal and money orders.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The postal orders were for 20s., 10s., 5s., and as low as 6d. The account has been a substantial one and extends back ten or 11 years.</p>
<p>(Saturday, November 19.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-163" type="surname" value="ROGERS"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-163" type="given" value="BENJAMIN WILLIAM"/>BENJAMIN WILLIAM ROGERS</persName> </hi>, Enfield Lock, colporteur of bibles and Christian literature. On August 18 I answered prisoner's advertise
<lb/>ment, received green circular, sent postal order for 5s., and received box of materials and directions for making three dozen slides, which I did in about ten hours' work. I forwarded them to Staines Road and received typed circular stating that 20 were defective and suggesting that I should send a further 2s. 3d. to try again. I wrote stating that the materials sent were not worth 5s. and demanding the balance. So far as I know, except a small scratch in one of the slides, my work was good. I received no reply to my letter.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. (Witness's slides were produced to him and he Denied they were defective same examined by the jury.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-164" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-164" type="surname" value="PALK"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-164" type="given" value="JOHN CUTHBERT"/>JOHN CUTHBERT PALK</persName> </hi>, Peckham, clerk. On September 1 I was out of employment, answered prisoner's advertisement, and paid 5s. de
<lb/>posit for box of materials for making three dozen slides, which I finished in about 12 or 13 hours' actual work and sent to Staines Road. I received typed circular stating that 22 were defective. I then wrote to have the slides returned to me, which was done. (Produced.) One of them is slightly scratched; and that is the only defect I observe.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-165" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-165" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-165" type="surname" value="CHICK"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-165" type="given" value="JAMES ALFRED"/>JAMES ALFRED CHICK</persName> </hi>, Westbourne Park, grocer's assistant. In August, 1910, I answered prisoner's advertisement, received green circular, and sent 5s. and received box of materials for making three dozen slides, which I made in 12 or 14 hours' actual work, and sent to Staines Road, paying 8d. carriage. I was then informed by typed</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150046"/>
<p>circular that 11 were defective and forwarded 2s. 3d. more for three more sets of transfers; I made the slides and was then informed that 19 were defective. I then wrote for the return of my money and re
<lb/>ceived a reply stating that as the work was spoilt I was entitled to nothing.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I knew that if the transfers were torn I was not entitled to be paid. I said at the police court, "If I had known what I do now I should not be here."</p>
<p>Re-examined. I said that after three of the slides were shown to me which were stated to be bad: in some of the white parts the film had not come off. I followed the instructions as well as I could and did not consider the slides to be bad.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-166" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-166" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-166" type="surname" value="WOODS"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-166" type="given" value="ETHEL FRANCIS"/>ETHEL FRANCIS WOODS</persName> </hi>. I have been employed by prisoner for the last three years; he carries on business under the name of J. Theobald and Co. I am head of the wholesale department where about 20 girls are employed. Lantern slides were made on the premises and by home workers. I used to examine the lots of three dozen that were sent in and kept a record in the slide-book (produced) which is complete except that when three dozen were brought in by hand they might not be entered. The green circular and the white paper of instruc
<lb/>tions have been in use since March, 1908. They were printed by Page and Thomas. About May, 1908, the type-written circular was intro
<lb/>duced. The latter was sent out by a typist.</p>
<p>(Monday, November 21.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-167" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-167" type="surname" value="WOODS"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-167" type="given" value="ETHEL FRANCIS"/>ETHEL FRANCIS WOODS</persName> </hi>, recalled. I cannot give the names of any young ladies of 18 or 19 who earned 20s. to 30s. a week doing slides in their spare time. Miss York has done them for about a year. I know no one 60 or 70 years old or girls of 14 or 15 who do it. Mrs. Hirons and Miss Newton do the work at home. Prisoner instructed me to examine the slides. He told me I was not to accept any with holes in them. (Similar slides made by Smith and bought from Gamages were put to the witness, who stated that she would reject both as having holes.) I have made one and a half dozen slides; I found the work simple and my slides were perfect except that one had a small hole in it. Thousands of people sent in defective slides. I went through slide-book with Inspector Knell and pointed out only six persons whose slides had been accepted. They were "Miss York, Granville terrace, Turnham Green"; "Mr. Rickson, East Moors, Cardiff, sent in two dozen right"; "Gill am, 55, Burnside Crescent, Jamestown, Dum
<lb/>bartonshire—kept as good"—that is what the prisoner told me—to keep them as good. I always had prisoner's instructions before the slides were accepted; "Major, Lordship Lane, Tottenham, good"; "Miss Ireland, 17, Grosvenor Road, Twickenham, three dozen right"; "3rd August, 1910: Watson, 42, Dimmsdale Road, West Hill Park, Blackheath, 36 right"; "August 12, Russell, 4. King's Road, Kingston 36 slides, two sets right"; "Mrs. Harvey, Cromwell Road, Houns
<lb/>low, 36 right"; "Miss Harris, Cedar Road, Teddington, right." Those are all the names I could point out to Inspector Knell as right.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150047"/>
<p>The rejected slides were kept for about a fortnight. The typewritten circular was forwarded so that the maker of the slides could have them back if he wished. Those not returned were brought down, the transfers washed off the defective ones and the sets completed with well-made slides. There is a list covering two pages showing the people to whom the slides were returned.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The 20 girls are employed making many other articles besides slides, such as photographic apparatus. Prisoner supplies Gamages, Benetfink, the Army and Navy Stores, Whiteleys, and many other firms with goods. The price charged for slides made by the home workers is a shilling a set; job lots are sold at 6d. a set. Four girls were employed in making slides. About 60 persons had their slides returned from September, 1909, to October, 1910; others having paid the 5s. kept the slides for themselves. The slide book does not contain the names of all the people who did the work satis
<lb/>factorily; it is only a record of the bad slides. A book was kept showing the deliveries of carriers which I have not got.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-168" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-168" type="surname" value="PATTEN"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-168" type="given" value="AGNES"/>AGNES PATTEN</persName> </hi>. I have been employed by prisoner for five months as typist. A copy of the green circular was sent by me to anyone who answered the advertisement for home employment. About a hundred were sent daily. They were prepared to be addressed in large quantities. After the slides had been returned I sent the printed typed circular, filling up the blank with the number of defec
<lb/>tive slides—about 20 a day were sent out. I posted the ledger from the day book. I also kept a record of all those to whom materials were sent and entered in a red book the names—of those to whom the deposit was returned. I do not known where that is; I last saw it two months ago. I do not known where the ledger is. The day book is in the office at Hounslow.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-169" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-169" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-169" type="given" value="LILLIE"/>LILLIE SMITH</persName> </hi>. I have been employed by prisoner for ten or eleven years in the factory at Hounslow making magic lantern slides. There were sometimes 18 to 20 girls, and there are now 12. I made mostly square slides, 3 1/4 by 3 1/4, such as are forwarded for home employment. I was paid 1 1/2 d. a dozen and have earned about 15s. a week. I also did stereoscopic slides and black plate slides for political purposes. It took me about a week to learn how to make slides properly. The returned slides were brought down about twice a month and the defective ones made good by me and other girls. Wages book (pro
<lb/>duced) shows accurately the wages paid.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. There are about 20 people employed at the fac
<lb/>tory altogether; prisoner has a large business outside the home em
<lb/>ployment. I have always been employed in the shed. I have made 68 dozen slides in two days, for which I get 8s. 6d.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-170" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-170" type="given" value="JOHN JAMES"/>JOHN JAMES SMITH</persName> </hi>, Finsbury Park, glass cutter. Since August, 1910, I have supplied prisoner with glasses 3 1/4 by 3 1/4 to the amount of 20 gross. I was to supply him with 100 gross a week, at the price of 6d. per gross.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. For a single gross or a small quantity I should charge 9d. per gross.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150048"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-171" type="surname" value="SMART"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-171" type="given" value="RUSSELL"/>RUSSELL SMART</persName> </hi>, Chancery Lane, advertising agent. In March, 1909, prisoner applied to me to undertake his advertising, and I in
<lb/>serted a number of advertisements for the National Home Employ
<lb/>ment Association in the "English Mechanic" "Lloyd's," "The People," "Daily Mirror," "Liverpool Weekly Post," "Glasgow Mail," "Western Gazette," and other magazines for about two months at an entire cost of £22 15s. I inserted them in about 100 different papers (town and country) at my discretion.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Before advertising for the prisoner I asked to letters of recommendation, and he handed me a number of letters (produced) from persons who had done the work and expressed satis
<lb/>faction with it. They are dated in April or May, 1909.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-172" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-172" type="surname" value="COOMBS"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-172" type="given" value="ARTHUR CONARD"/>ARTHUR CONARD COOMBS</persName> </hi>, clerk to H. A. Coombs, wholesale stationer, Farringdon Avenue. I have supplied prisoner with brushes such as are sent out in the box of materials at 6s. per gross since February, 1907. I have supplied about 40 gross altogether.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FRANK KNELL</hi>, T Division. On October 10 I went to 10, Staines Road, Hounslow, and saw the defendant. I read the warrant to him, which was for conspiracy. He said, "Will you read the warrant again? I do not quite know the names of the persons complaining." I said, "There is only one complainant in the war
<lb/>rant—Smith." Prisoner said, "Oh, I understand. Can I have bail?" He was afterwards charged, and made no reply. With the assistance of Sergeant Hall and other officers I searched the premises and found slide book (produced), which I went through with Miss Woods to try to identify the cases in which the slides were entered as all three dozen being correct. She mentioned six—York, Major, Ireland, Watson, Russell, and Harris. I have visited Miss Hirons but could get no statement from her. Watson and Harris are here. I was not able to find York or Major at the addresses given.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I do not say fictitious addresses were given for York and Major.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS HALL</hi>, T Division. I assisted in searching premises at 10, Staines Road. I found 2,233 green circu
<lb/>lars with names and addresses filled in showing that 5s. had been paid on each, which would amount to £558 5s. I found 400 imitation typewritten and 1,200 green circulars unused. The green circular bears the names of the printers, Page and Thomas. I found 12 copies of the four-page circular of directions in prisoner's desk, also nine postal orders of 5s., four of 2s. 3d., and a cheque for 10s. drawn on William Taylor. I also found order book; invoice book for goods sent out showing the price of slides to be 1s. per dozen, also containing invoices for other goods. Slide book—from September 30, 1909, to September 30, 1910; it contains 2,543 names and addresses of persons to whom box of materials had been sent and entries showing whether the slides were returned properly made, and where they were wrong, the number of slides defective. There are only seven cases in which they are stated to be correct. There were two books called ledgers, one was dated 1880 and was in the name of another firm; the other had been used for shorthand writing. On the first floor I found</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150049"/>
<p>a tin box with 74 typewritten circulars filled of showing that 2s. 3d. had been sent with each, dated July, August, and September; also 69 letters ordering materials for various amounts; also the book pro
<lb/>duced containing 2,326 names and addresses of persons to whom apparently boxes of materials had been sent. There were 100 circular of directions. On the top floor I found 400 boxes each containing three dozen slides, and each having attached a piece of paper with a number and a name; they were in a dirty and untidy state. All the rooms had something in; but there was plenty of spare room. I found the wages book showing the wages paid from November, 1908. Miss Smith's weekly wages are shown as £1 6s., 13s. 7 1/2 d., 13s. 2d., 14s. 7d., 15s., etc.; Miss Goodyear 9s., and a number of others 3s. 6d., 4s. 4d., 3s., 2s. 6d., 6s.; Brinkwaite 18s. With the excep
<lb/>tion of the seven entries in the slide book pointed out by Woods I have found nowhere entries of people who had made their slides properly.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The 400 boxes of slides looked as if they had been there some time. The 2,233 green circulars extend over six months from April to the end of September; the 74 typewritten circulars are all in August and September, 1910, except two in July. The invoice book shows considerable business with a number of firms. There are invoices of £20 to Gamages. Business was done in cameras, bellows, boxes, glass jars, and tubes and other articles. I also found some catalogues of Theobald and Go. containing a great number of articles.</p>
<p>(Tuesday, November 22.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-173" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-173" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-173" type="surname" value="COX"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-173" type="given" value="GRACE LILIAN"/>GRACE LILIAN COX</persName> </hi>, 16, Cronshaw Road, West Baling. From June, 1909, to September, 1910, I was employed by prisoner as a shorthand typist and book-keeper. I used to help to address the green circulars. We sent out upwards of 20 a day. When the slides were returned we formerly sent out a printed circular stating the number of defective slides. This was afterwards altered into a printed typed circular. Prisoner stated that it was altered because people complained of the printed form as showing that it was made up beforehand. I kept the invoice book for goods sold, the ledger and day book, also a book showing people who had slides for home employ
<lb/>ment in quantities of 60 dozen. There are about 60 names, amongst which I remember Rowe, Miss York, Mrs. Hyrons, Russell, and Gillam as having had their deposit back. Other people who called personally received their deposit from Miss Woods. The letters that came from people who paid the 5s. deposit were counted up into hundreds and sold to Winduss and Co., of Hamburg. The letter I wrote to prisoner was included with those; I afterwards received a circular about a lottery.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. There was considerable business done in photo
<lb/>graphic implements, mechanical toys, etc. The names of people who called at the works and received their 5s. were not entered. I do not remember anyone except those I have mentioned who received payment for work. Some who returned the materials had other goods</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150050"/>
<p>to the value of 4s. in exchange. Receipts were taken by Miss Woods, and myself of moneys paid.</p>
<p>Re-examined. Only a few receipts were made out for moneys re
<lb/>turned; I wrote receipts for about 20 altogether.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-174" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-174" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-174" type="surname" value="GARNER"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-174" type="given" value="CHRISTOPHER"/>CHRISTOPHER GARNER</persName> </hi>, buyer to W. Butcher and Son, Farringdon Avenue, photographic manufacturers. We have supplied rollers like that produced to J. Theobald and Co., at 4s. per doz. up to April, 1910, when owing to the rise in rubber the price was increased to 5s. per doz. We manufacture slides like that produced. The transfers are mostly made in Germany; original cost of drawing, copyright, and putting on the stone 30s. to £2 per picture and for printing £37 for 1,000 sheets of 88 pictures each. The average cost of such transfers as are used by prisoner for home employment would be 1 1/8 d. per sheet of 12 pictures. We employ girls to make lantern slides; they take three or four weeks to learn and then working from nine to six earn 9s. to 11s. per week; we have never paid over 12s.; the work is paid for at 1s. 2d. per gross. Smith's slides (produced) are very well executed for a beginner. In places where the "high lights" occur, i.e., where the colour is white, owing to their being only one printing, the film is torn away, the pig
<lb/>ment being very thin. They are very good indeed for a worker of no previous experience. The finished slide produced is made from a superior transfer. The better the transfer the easier to make the slide perfect. The slides made by Smith would not be sent out by my factory because they are not perfect. We do not sell job lots.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The retail price of the roller would be 7d. I have had no practical experience in making slides. Our sheets contain 88 pictures, the cost of which at £2 each would be £176; for a thousand we should pay £37 for printing; you may have to pay 5s. or 10s. each for a copyright picture; the drawing might be 2s. additional per pic
<lb/>ture; for the first thousand sheets that would amount to £223. For Cruickshank's pictures of Bar dell and Pickwick we should not pay anything. At £223 for the first thousand sheets of 88 pictures each it would work out at about 7d. per set of a dozen transfers; for further orders it would be 1 1/8 d. per cent. I estimate the cost of the box of materials supplied at 1s. 6d. On your calculation it would be 3s.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-175" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-175" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-175" type="surname" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-175" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY GEORGE</persName> </hi>, manager, photographic department, Gamage's, High Holborn. I have had 13 years' experience and am now buyer for the photographic department. We sell slides such as are produced by Home Employment by prisoner at 1s. 4 1/2 d. a doz. or job lots at 9 1/2 d. a doz. We buy them from the prisoner at 1s. a doz. or 6d. for job lots. The series of "Handy Andy," "Swiss Family Robinson," and "The Comic Set" (produced) have been on sale as long as I can remember—for 10 or 12 years.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I cannot swear to the identical pictures as being the same; similar pictures have been sold for a great many years. We are always buying lantern slides in October and November for the Christmas trade. We have bought large quantities from prisoner; he has not been able to supply us with as many as we wanted; we have also bought other photographic articles from him for a great many years.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150051"/>
<p>Re-examined. We bought 300 or 400 dozen slides from prisoner as job lots at the beginning of 1910.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-176" type="surname" value="STONE"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-176" type="given" value="ARTHUR EDWARD"/>ARTHUR EDWARD STONE</persName> </hi>, clerk to Calder and Co., 83, St. Paul's Churchyard, transfer dealers, in 1903 and 1904 we sold transfers to prisoner at 6 1/2 d. per sheet of 72 pictures with an additional charge for the litho of in one case 28s. and in another case 34s. per picture. We supplied about 9,000 dozen. On October 5,1903, we supplied 150 sheets of 72 pictures at 6 1/2 d. per sheet with an additional charge of £13 for reducing the size of the picture; that works out to 5d. a dozen pictures.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. On June 27, 1910, my firm wrote letter produced quoting for pictures 2 3/4 in. by 2 3/4 n. at 1s. 1d. for two dozen.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-177" type="surname" value="RUSSELL"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-177" type="given" value="PERCY LEONARD"/>PERCY LEONARD RUSSELL</persName> </hi>, 54, King's Road, Kingston, mechanical engineer. In July, 1910, I answered prisoner's advertisement, received green circular, forwarded P.O. for 5s. and received box of materials. I made the three dozen slides during the evenings of a week, forwarded them to Staines Road, was informed that they were not properly done and received three sets of transfers with which I did the slides over again and sent them in. I then received a letter offering to send 60 dozen slides to do if I would leave my 5s. as security. I agreed to that and started working on the 60 dozen, spent a week on them, but have not finished them. I have paid some 7s. or 8s. but have not suc
<lb/>ceeded in earning any money.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I am not certain whether I sent further money for the second three dozen transfers. I have not returned the 60 dozen and have not asked for my money back.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-178" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-178" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-178" type="surname" value="WATSON"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-178" type="given" value="ROSINA VIOLET"/>ROSINA VIOLET WATSON</persName> </hi>, Westbourne Park. I live at home with my parents. In June, 1910,1 answered prisoner's advertisement; received green circular, forwarded 5s. and completed the three dozen slides, when I was informed that nine were defective. I sent another 2s. 3d. for further transfers and again did the three dozen. After repeated applications I was informed that the slides were right and had 60 dozen sent to me, which I completed and forwarded in September. On apply
<lb/>ing for payment I received an account stating that 158 of the slides had large holes in them and therefore I owed prisoner's firm 2s. 3d. My father replied saying that he doubted the firm's bona fides. I never got my deposit back or received any payment for the work done.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-179" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-179" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-179" type="surname" value="HARVEY"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-179" type="given" value="CHARLES JOHN"/>CHARLES JOHN HARVEY</persName> </hi>, 189, Cromwell Road, Hounslow, motor engineer. In July, 1910, being out of employment, I answered prisoner's advertisement, visited his factory, and saw a young woman who showed me how to make one slide as an experiment. I then paid 5s., received a box of materials, made the three dozen slides in about three days, and took them to Staines Road. I called again when I was told that 18 were defective and was offered three dozen transfers for 2s. 3d. I said I could not afford it and was then given the three dozen without payment. I made the slides again, took them to Staines Road, called again and saw the prisoner, who told me I could have another 12 dozen either by leaving my 5s. deposit or by giving three references. I said I would have my 5s. back. Miss Woods then returned me.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150052"/>
<p>2s. 5d. I forwarded three references and I beard no more from the Home Employment Association and have had nothing more to do with them. I am out of pocket 2s. 7d.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-180" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-180" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-180" type="surname" value="THEOBALD"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-180" type="given" value="JOHN DAZELEY"/>JOHN DAZELEY THEOBALD</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I carry on business at 10, Staines Road, Hounslow, as J. Theobald and Co., manufac
<lb/>turers and importers of photographic apparatus. I deal also in magic lantern slides of various kinds. I have been for 11 years at that address and had previously been for six years at Farringdon Road. I have a turnover of from £5,000 to £6,000 a year, apart from the Home Employment, and have been for 20 years supplying Gamages, Spiers and Pond, the Army and Navy Stores, and other large firms. For some years I have made magic lantern slides; I found the demand greater than I could do on my premises, and about three years ago I started a system of Home Employment, at first without charging a deposit. I found many people took the boxes and did not return them and in consequence made it a rule to charge 5s. deposit. The box of materials sent out costs: glass, 5d.; three and a half dozen transfers at 7d.—2s. 0 1/2 d.; brush, 1/2 d., roller, 5d.; glue and binding, 1d., post-age in London, 3d., or outside London, 7d.; leaving a profit of about 5d. on the box without the cost of advertisement. I at first spent about 10s. to 15s. a month in advertisements, which gradually in
<lb/>creased to about £10 per month and reached about £40 a month in June, July, and August, 1910. I found a great many people used to make the slides and sell them privately at a good profit for themselves. We received upwards of 2,500 applications during the last 12 months; about 500 persons worked on the slides during the year. We em
<lb/>ployed a number of girls to do it at the works who did them quite such successfully, and there was no reason why persons outside should not be able to do them also. We have sold 6,000 sets during the year, about a thousand of which were sold as job sets. When people brought the three dozen back properly done, they were immediately paid 4s. 3d., being the return of their deposit less 9d. for the roller which they kept, and 6d. for three dozen slides. Those payments were not generally entered in a book but receipts were taken by Miss Woods. A large number of persons having made the slides kept them for themselves. We kept about 20 girls, who were largely employed on other work, but many of whom did the slides. Many of the postal orders paid into the bank were sums of 20s. and 10s. received from country orders; a cus
<lb/>tomer named Hackett of Liverpool has paid me at one time as much as £40 in postal orders. I do not keep an account of cash sales. I first used the green circular in 1908. The early advertisements were in the name of "Nathomas," which is an abbreviation of "National Home Employment Association." I am quite sure it is possible for a person to earn more than 30s. a week at this work, and with children who could do the binding two or three times as much could be earned. I am certain the work is simple to people who are reasonably careful</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150053"/>
<p>to carry out the instructions given, and that the statements in the circulars are true. I have workers who can put on nine dozen trans
<lb/>fers in an hour. It is correct to say that 5s. covers the value of the materials. I do not know that at present we have persons of 60 or 70 doing the work, but Laing of Teddington and Smith of Uxbridge were upwards of 70 and were doing it. Girls of 14 and 15 are doing the work in my factory. Miss Goodyear and Miss Smith had been doing it for nine or ten years. A number of people visited the works and the process was fully explained to them before they took the box of materials. Smith of Uxbridge frequently bought slides ready made which he sold, besides those which he made himself. In the four-page circular of directions a complete explanation is given of the process. Two thousand of the printed typewritten circular were ordered, as it explained the defects in the majority of the cases and it was simpler to write a special letter in each case, the blank with the number of defective slides being filled in. The book showing the rejected slides was kept by Miss Woods under my instructions. Miss Patten sent out the green circulars to the names and addresses entered in the book. We are obliged to make a charge of 1d. each for defective slides, as in order to make up the sets a fresh sheet of transfers had to be cut into; the sheet costing 7d., a 1d. a slide did not pay the cost.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, November 25.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-181" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-181" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-181" type="surname" value="THEOBALD"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-181" type="given" value="JOHN DAZELEY"/>JOHN DAZELEY THEOBALD</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath) further examined. I have 19 rooms at Staines Road which are fully occupied.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have been trading under the name of J. Theo
<lb/>bald and Co. at Staines Road for 11 years. I used the name of the National Home Employment Association in order to keep that part of the business distinct. I commenced it in September, 1907. Seeing Page and Thomas's bill (produced) for home employment circulars in September, 1906, I must have commenced at that time. Sergeant Hailstone has called on me during the four years, perhaps a dozen times, and informed me the police had complaints from people for not having received the goods—not that they wanted their deposit back. I continued to carry the system on. my object in doing it was to supply a demand. I have sold in one year 6,000 or 7,000 dozen slides. About 4,000 dozen were made at the factory and about 2,000 by home workers; I could have sold 10,000 or 12,000. My adver
<lb/>tising expenses in the third quarter of 1910 increased enormously. I had about 22 permanent home workers; only two or three gave their whole time to it—they earned 30s. to 32s. a week for good slides at 2d. a dozen, paying Id. each for defective ones. During the first half of 1910 I permanently employed Miss York, Mrs. Newton, Rowe, and Newman; they earned 30s. to 32s. for a full week's work—their actual earnings were about 8s., 10s., or 12s.; that would result in 250 to 300 dozen a week. I had an average of about 30 or 40 home workers—I could not say how many because Miss Woods had the management of it; she could tell you how much they earned; I never knew and never inquired. I have had as many as 20 girls</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150054"/>
<p>making slides of 14 different kinds; later I could not employ so many as the roof of the shed was defective. I account for the fact that, out of 2,543 persons sending in lots of three dozen slides, all but seven were failures, by their being wilfully careless. Miss Wat
<lb/>son must have been wilfully careless. In my opinion a person of ordinary intelligence could complete four dozen slides in an hour after a week or ten days' practise. In saying, "We have some people who began it eight years ago," I did not mean home work. Smith and Goodyear have worked at the factory for that time. Smith earns about 15s. a week and Goodyear about 9s. I consider the statements in the green circular to be true. Several workers earn 20s. a week all the year round—Miss Rowe, Miss York, and Miss Howe; those three on that calculation would do 18,000 dozen a year. My entire output is 6,000 dozen a year; we can and do sell as many as we can get; we have never had enough for our orders. In saying that a quick person "can put on" eight or nine dozen an hour, I do not mean complete the slide; that would be for the one person 17,600 a year: I am sure we could get them. I do not keep a cash book; the only record of payments made is the receipts. The bank pass-book will show the amount sent to home workers. (The whole of the cheques paid for home work were pointed out.) If I return the deposit the first three dozen costs 3s. 7d.; I sell them to Gamages for 3s.—a loss of 7d. It is out of the quantities of 60 dozen and up
<lb/>wards from people regularly working that I get a profit. I can pro
<lb/>duce no invoices since July, 1893, showing the payments I have made for transfers.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-182" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-182" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-182" type="surname" value="NEWTON"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-182" type="given" value="VICTORIA ELIZABETH"/>VICTORIA ELIZABETH NEWTON</persName> </hi>, Hylands Park, Chelmsford. My hus
<lb/>band is a chauffeur. In September, 1909, when living at 7, Con
<lb/>naught Street, Knightsbridge, I answered prisoner's advertisement, received green circular, paid 5s., received box of materials, completed three dozen slides, and received 4s. 9d. I then received various quan
<lb/>tities of slides, which I made and for which I was always paid. I have received £4 10s. altogether, being nine lots of 60 dozen.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have been working for a year off and on. I have no idea how many I can do in an hour. I never earned more than 10s. in a week.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-183" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-183" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-183" type="surname" value="HIRONS"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-183" type="given" value="HARRIET"/>HARRIET HIRONS</persName> </hi>, 1, Rectory Villas, Bath Road, Hounslow. I am a married woman with seven children. In June, 1910, I answered prisoner's advertisement, paid 5s., completed three dozen, and was informed that some were defective; I saw Miss Woods, who gave me a further three dozen transfers without payment, which I did correctly, and I received 4s. 9d. back. I have since done 10 or 12 lots of 12 dozen each, which I have completed and have been paid for.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I first began in July. Most of my first three dozen were defective. I can now do three dozen in an hour. I have earned altogether £1 7s.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-184" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-184" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-184" type="surname" value="ROWE"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-184" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER ROWE</persName> </hi>, 14, Aschurch Road, croydon, stonemason. In December, 1907, I answered prisoner's advertisement, paid 5s., did three dozen slides, and was informed that some were spoilt. I then saw Miss Woods, received a further three dozen transfers, which I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150055"/>
<p>executed, and was again informed that some were defective. I re
<lb/>ceived postal order for 2s. 6d. I then saw prisoner at the works, who explained to me how I had gone wrong and sent me 20 dozen slides for the transfers, for which I paid 15s. I did the 20 dozen, most of them were accepted, and was paid 12s. for them. I have since been doing large quantities, and have been paid in all £30.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. My wife has assisted me; we have done alto
<lb/>gether as much as 120 dozen in a week, earning £1. I have done 60 dozen in 20 hours, earning 6d. an hour. I have mostly been paid by cheque. Since January, 1910, I have always been paid by cheque except on one occasion, when I received a postal order for £1. (Pay
<lb/>ments from the pass-book January—October, 1910, were stated to amount to £4 8s. 6d.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-185" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-185" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-185" type="surname" value="YORK"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-185" type="given" value="LOUISA AUGUSTA"/>LOUISA AUGUSTA YORK</persName> </hi> 5, Beira Road, West Hampstead. In January, 1910, I saw prisoner's advertisement in the "Sunday (Circle." I received a blue circular like the green one produced, saw Miss Woods who explained the work to me, paid 5s. deposit, delivered the three dozen slides, and was informed that seven of them were de
<lb/>fective. I then paid 2s. 3d. for transfers, did them satisfactorily and asked for 30 dozen which I delivered; some of them were spoilt and I was paid 5s. for the work. I afterwards did four sets of 60 dozen and have since had lots of 240 dozen; I have done practically 60 dozen a week since January. It is my only occupation, but I have not given my whole time to it. I can do four dozen in an hour. I have always been paid by cheque. I am 17 years of age. I knew nothing of prisoner before entering on home employment.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Looking at the pass-book my total receipts from January to October 1910, were £3 19s. 8d. I have only had one lot of 40 dozen, which is not yet completed.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-186" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-186" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-186" type="surname" value="MOENISH"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-186" type="given" value="PERCY"/>PERCY MOENISH</persName> </hi>, Billiter House, B.C., London agents for Jules Franc, Limited, glass manufacturers. I have supplied J. Theobald and Co. with large quantities of glasses, 3 1/4 in. by 3 1/4 in., for several years at 8d. a gross; during the past 12 months the price has risen to 10d. a gross.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-187" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-187" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-187" type="surname" value="THOSPANN"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-187" type="given" value="AUGUST"/>AUGUST THOSPANN</persName> </hi>, 9, Fore Street Avenue, E.C., photo-mount manufacturer. I have done business with prisoner for two and a half rears; in 1909 amounting to £900, from January to October, 1910, about £1,200. My dealings with him have been of a satisfactory character.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have not supplied him with transfer papers.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-188" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-188" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-188" type="surname" value="HUTCHINS"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-188" type="given" value="HARRY EASDOWN"/>HARRY EASDOWN HUTCHINS</persName> </hi>, assistant secretary to Benetfink and Son, Cheapside. During the last two years prisoner has supplied my firm with goods—in 1909 amounting to £113; from January to October, 1910, £118 8s. 4d.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19101115-name-189" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-189" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-189" type="surname" value="PIGGOTT"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-name-189" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN PIGGOTT</persName> </hi>, Jun., Cheapside, athletic outfitter. I have been in business for 40 years and during the past 25 years have bought goods from prisoner to an amount in all of about £400 to £500. I have always found him as honourable man.</p>
<rs id="t19101115-42-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-42-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-42-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150056"/>
<p>Prisoner was stated to have been repeatedly warned by the police since 1906; over 300 complaints had been received with regard to non
<lb/>delivery of materials and of being defrauded.</p>
<p>Miss Cox (recalled) stated that she had been 18 months in the prisoner's employment as typist and left because the letters from poor people who had starving children complaining of losing their money upset her.</p>
<rs id="t19101115-42-punishment-38" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-42-punishment-38" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-42-punishment-38" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-42-19101115 t19101115-42-punishment-38"/>Six months' imprisonment</rs>, second division.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUDGE LUMLEY SMITH</hi>.</p>
<p>(Friday, November 18.)</p>
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<interp inst="t19101115-45" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19101115"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-45" type="date" value="19101115"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19101115-45-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-45-19101115 t19101115-45-offence-1 t19101115-45-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-45-19101115" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-45-19101115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-45-19101115" type="age" value="44"/>
<interp inst="def1-45-19101115" type="surname" value="ADSHEAD"/>
<interp inst="def1-45-19101115" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-45-19101115" type="occupation" value="compositor"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ADSHEAD</hi>, John (44, compositor)</persName>
<rs id="t19101115-45-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-45-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-45-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>, committing an act of gross indecency with another male person.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19101115-45-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-45-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-45-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<rs id="t19101115-45-punishment-39" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-45-punishment-39" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-45-punishment-39" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-45-19101115 t19101115-45-punishment-39"/>Prisoner was released on his own recognisances in £5 to come up for judgment if caned upon.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19101115-46" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19101115"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-46" type="date" value="19101115"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19101115-46-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-46-19101115 t19101115-46-offence-1 t19101115-46-verdict-1"/>
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<persName id="def1-46-19101115" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-46-19101115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-46-19101115" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-46-19101115" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-46-19101115" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-46-19101115" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SMITH</hi>, Thomas (21, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19101115-46-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-46-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-46-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, attempting to break and enter the warehouse of the
<persName id="t19101115-name-192" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19101115-name-192" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19101115-46-offence-1 t19101115-name-192"/>Metropolitan Bonded Warehouses, Limited</persName>, with in
<lb/>tent to steal therein</rs>;
<rs id="t19101115-46-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19101115-46-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19101115-46-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>being found by night having in his possession, without lawful excuse, a certain implement of housebreaking, to wit, one knife.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Werninck prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GORDON BROWN</hi>, surgeon. City Police, deposed that Police-con
<lb/>stable William Cook was too ill to attend to give evidence.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES BROWN</hi>, City Police. I was in court during the pro
<lb/>ceedings before the magistrate. Prisoner had an opportunity of cross-examining Police-constable Cook and did so slightly. I know Cook's writing and saw. all the witnesses sign the depositions.</p>
<p>Police-constable Cook's deposition was read, as follows: "At 4.48 a.m. to-day, 12th, I was going into New Square from the Minories, when I heard a noise at the back of the Metropolitan Vaults at the west corner of the square. I walked quietly round and saw prisoner standing up against the warehouse door and asked him what he was doing there. He said, 'I am standing under here from getting wet.' I told him it is not raining; in fact there was no shelter where he was. On looking over I found a certain mark made by the police was missing. I said to prisoner, 'What are you doing here.' He said, 'I was standing here from getting wet.' I again pointed out there was no shelter. Prisoner said,' You are too late; the other one has gone.' I got hold of him; he struggled and threw himself to the ground. I fell on him. On the top of his body. He became calm and I took him to the station. This knife (knife produced) was found on him. He made no explanation about it and he made no reply to the charge." In cross-examination by prisoner Cook says, "It is true you struggled and fell to the ground and I fell on the top of you."</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191011150057"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES BOOTH</hi>. I was in the station when prisoner was; charged. This knife was found on him. He made no reply to the charge, and said nothing about the knife. I examined the premises in mew Square and found that a portion of the door jamb and woodwork surrounding the lock of the door had been cut away apparently with a knife such as that found on prisoner. The cuts were quite recent. Chips were on the floor beneath.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The evidence I gave at the Mansion House is almost precisely the same as here. (To the Judge.) The knife is a potato peeler. Any knife may be a housebreaking implement; so may a potato peeler.</p>
<hi r