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<p>1910, MARCH.</p>
<p>Vol. CLII.] Part 905.</p>
<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</p>
<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>KNILL, MAYOR.</p>
<p>FIFTH SESSION,</p>
<p>HELD MARCH 8TH, 1910, AND FOLLOWING DAYS.</p>
<p>MINUTES OF EVIDENCE.</p>
<p>TAKEN IN SHORTHAND BY</p>
<p>
<persName id="t19100308-name-1">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-1" type="surname" value="WALPOLE"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-1" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WALPOLE</persName>,</p>
<p>Shorthand Writer to the Court.</p>
<p>POINTS OF LAW AND PRACTICE</p>
<p>EDITED BY</p>
<p>R. F. GRAHAM-CAMPBELL, ESQUIRE,</p>
<p>OF THE INNER TEMPLE.</p>
<p>[Published by Annual Subscription.]</p>
<p>LONDON:</p>
<p>
<persName id="t19100308-name-2">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-2" type="surname" value="WALPOLE"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-2" type="given" value="GEO"/>GEO. WALPOLE</persName>, PORTUGAL STREET BUILDINGS, LINCOLN'S INN, W.C.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080002"/>
<p>PRINTED BY</p>
<p>THE ARGUS PRINTING COMPANY, LIMITED, 10, TEMPLE AVENUE, AND TUDOR STREET, LONDON, E.C.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080003"/>
<p>THE</p>
<p>WHOLE PROCEEDINGS</p>
<p>On the King's Commission of</p>
<p>OYER AND TERMINER AND GAOL DELIVERY</p>
<p>FOR</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>AND GAOL DELIVERY FOR THE</p>
<p>COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX AND THE PARTS OF OTHER COUNTIES</p>
<p>WITHIN THE JURISDICTION</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT,</p>
<p>Held on Tuesday, March 8th, 1910, and following days.</p>
<p>Before the Right Hon. Sir
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-3" type="surname" value="KNILL"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-3" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN KNILL</persName> </hi>, Baronet,
<hi rend="largeCaps">LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; the Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-4" type="surname" value="BRAY"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-4" type="given" value="REGINALD MORE"/>REGINALD MORE BRAY</persName> </hi>, one of the Justices of His Majesty's High Court; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">G. F. FAUDEL-PHILLIPS</hi>, Bart., G. C. I. E.; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-5" type="surname" value="RITCHIE"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-5" type="given" value="JAS THOMSON"/>JAS. THOMSON RITCHIE</persName> </hi>, Bart.; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-6" type="surname" value="BELL"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-6" type="given" value="JOHN CHAS"/>JOHN CHAS. BELL</persName> </hi>, Bart.; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-7" type="surname" value="TRUSCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-7" type="given" value="GEORGE WYATT"/>GEORGE WYATT TRUSCOTT</persName> </hi>, Bart.; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-8" type="surname" value="HANSON"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-8" type="given" value="FRANCIS STANHOPE"/>FRANCIS STANHOPE HANSON</persName> </hi>, Knight; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-9" type="surname" value="DUNN"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-9" type="given" value="WM HY"/>WM. HY. DUNN</persName> </hi>, Knight; and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-10" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-10" type="surname" value="COOPER"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-10" type="given" value="EDWARD ERNEST"/>EDWARD ERNEST COOPER</persName> </hi>, Esq., Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-11" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-11" type="surname" value="FULTON"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-11" type="given" value="FORREST"/>FORREST FULTON</persName> </hi>, Knight, K.C. Recorder of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-12" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-12" type="surname" value="BOSANQUET"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-12" type="given" value="FK ALBERT"/>FK. ALBERT BOSANQUET</persName> </hi>, K. C., Common Serjeant of the said City; His Honour Judge
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-13" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-13" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-13" type="given" value="LUMLEY"/>LUMLEY SMITH</persName> </hi>, K. C., Commissioner; His Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery Holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-14" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-14" type="surname" value="ROLL"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-14" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES ROLL</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RALPH SLAZENGER</hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">J. D. LANGTON</hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">W. J. B. TIPPETTS</hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
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<p>1910.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">KNILL, MAYOR. FIFTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RECORDER</hi>.</p>
<p>(Tuesday, March 8.)</p> </div1>
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<persName id="def1-1-19100308" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-1-19100308" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-1-19100308" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-1-19100308" type="surname" value="O'BRIEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-1-19100308" type="given" value="DAVID"/>
<interp inst="def1-1-19100308" type="occupation" value="buyer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">O'BRIEN</hi>, David (32, buyer)</persName>
<rs id="t19100308-1-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-1-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-1-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19100308-1-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-1-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-1-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, of stealing one bag of coffee beans, the goods of
<persName id="t19100308-name-16" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-16" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-16" type="surname" value="DONALDSON"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-16" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-1-offence-1 t19100308-name-16"/>William Donaldson</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner, who confessed to a previous conviction, had a bad record, commencing in 1888, and including one term of five years' penal servitude.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19100308-1-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-1-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-1-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-1-19100308 t19100308-1-punishment-1"/>Nine months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-2-19100308" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-2-19100308" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-2-19100308" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-2-19100308" type="surname" value="YETTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-2-19100308" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<interp inst="def1-2-19100308" type="occupation" value="upholsterer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">YETTON</hi>, Alfred (24, upholsterer)</persName>
<rs id="t19100308-2-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-2-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-2-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19100308-2-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-2-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-2-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, guilty of stealing a bicycle, the goods of
<persName id="t19100308-name-18" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-18" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-18" type="surname" value="NELSON"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-18" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-2-offence-1 t19100308-name-18"/>Alfred Nelson</persName> </rs>; he also confessed to a previous conviction.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19100308-2-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-2-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-2-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-2-19100308 t19100308-2-punishment-2"/>Three months, hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-3-19100308" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-3-19100308" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-3-19100308" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-3-19100308" type="surname" value="BUSHNELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-3-19100308" type="given" value="ROBERT GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-3-19100308" type="occupation" value="news vendor"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BUSHNELL</hi>, Robert George (25, news vendor)</persName>
<rs id="t19100308-3-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-3-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-3-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19100308-3-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-3-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="damage"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-3-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>, of maliciously damaging a plate-glass window, the goods of
<persName id="t19100308-name-20" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-20" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-3-offence-1 t19100308-name-20"/>McCombie Brothers, Limited</persName>, to an amount exceeding £5 (namely, £49).</rs> </p>
<p>Many previous convictions were proved, prisoner having spent 85 months in gaol for window breaking; he was stated to be of some
<lb/>what weak intellect.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t19100308-3-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-3-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-3-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-3-19100308 t19100308-3-punishment-3"/>Sentence was postponed till next Sessions, Mr. Scott-Prance, the court missionary, promising to look into the case</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-4-19100308" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-4-19100308" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19100308" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19100308" type="surname" value="CAPPER"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19100308" type="given" value="AMELIA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CAPPER</hi>, Amelia (35)</persName>
<rs id="t19100308-4-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-4-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-4-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19100308-4-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-4-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-4-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, of obtaining by means of false pretences from the
<persName id="t19100308-name-22" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-22" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-4-offence-1 t19100308-name-22"/>Commissioners of H. M. Treasury</persName> the several sums of 5s., 5s., and 5s., in each case with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner resided in the same house as her mother-in-law, who was in receipt of an old-age pension. After her mother-in-law's death prisoner filled up three authorities for the payment of the pension, concealing the fact of the death, and obtaining the three weekly Payments.</p>
<p>Several previous convictions were proved.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19100308-4-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-4-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-4-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-4-19100308 t19100308-4-punishment-4"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-5-19100308" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-5-19100308" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19100308" type="surname" value="HUNT"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19100308" type="given" value="GEORGE HARRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HUNT</hi>, George Harry</persName>
<rs id="t19100308-5-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-5-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-5-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bankrupcy"/>. Being an undischarged bankrupt, unlawfully obtaining credit to the extent of £20 and upwards from
<persName id="t19100308-name-24" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-24" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-24" type="surname" value="ATKINS"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-24" type="given" value="JOHN WESTWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-24" type="occupation" value="boarding-house keeper"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-5-offence-1 t19100308-name-24"/>John Westwood Atkins</persName> without informing the said Atkins that he was an undischarged bankrupt.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Huntly Jenkins prosecuted; Mr. Frampton defended.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-25" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-25" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-25" type="surname" value="ATKINS"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-25" type="given" value="JOHN WESTWOOD"/>JOHN WESTWOOD ATKINS</persName> </hi>, boarding-house keeper, 24, Manchester Street, W. On July 2 defendant took rooms at my house. He gradually fell into arrears with his payments, and on December 13 when he left, owed me £43 0s. 3d. He was continually saying that he was expecting large sums of money, and that he was a wealthy man. On December 17 I first ascertained that he was an undis
<lb/>charged bankrupt; had I known that he was I should not have given him credit.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I rendered defendant monthly accounts. On October 2 the amount owing was £13 17s. 4d.; on November 3 it was £26 19s. 9d.; on November 8 it was £14 9s. 0d. On November 18 Sir Robert Peel promised to be responsible up to £30. In the sworn information upon which I obtained a warrant for defendant's arrest I said nothing about Sir Robert Peel's guarantee. At the hearing of the summons the magistrate said that he declined to have his court turned into a debt-collecting agency, and that had he known about Sir Robert Peel's guarantee he would not have granted the warrant. The summons was dismissed, and I applied to be bound over under the Vexatious Indictments Act to prefer a Bill at this court.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19100308-5-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-5-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-5-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty, the jury adding, "We are satisfied that the prosecution has not proved that the debt was over £20 on any one day</rs>."</p>
<p>The Recorder ordered that the prosecutor pay the whole of the costs.</p> </div1>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-6-19100308" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-6-19100308" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19100308" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19100308" type="surname" value="WARREN"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19100308" type="given" value="JOSEPH VERNON"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19100308" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WARREN</hi>, Joseph Vernon (22, clerk)</persName>
<rs id="t19100308-6-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-6-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-6-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19100308-6-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-6-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-6-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, of feloniously obtaining and demanding £1 and £1 respectively by virtue of two several forged instruments, to wit, two forged Post Office Savings Bank books, knowing the same to be forged, in each case with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>There were 60 similar cases against prisoner. His method was to open an account at a post office with a small amount, and thus obtain a genuine bank-book. Then he would forge entries and date stamps to make the deposits appear to amount to more than £1, and at some other office would withdraw £1 on demand. He had obtained by these means about £53 from the Post Office, and the department had had to go to the trouble of printing and circulating a special warning with regard to him.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19100308-6-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-6-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-6-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-6-19100308 t19100308-6-punishment-5"/>Nine months' hard labour</rs>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080007"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Tuesday, March 8.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100308-7">
<interp inst="t19100308-7" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100308"/>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-7-19100308" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-7-19100308" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19100308" type="age" value="70"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19100308" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19100308" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19100308" type="occupation" value="bricklayer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">KING</hi>, John (70, bricklayer)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-7-19100308" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-7-19100308" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-7-19100308" type="age" value="49"/>
<interp inst="def2-7-19100308" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="def2-7-19100308" type="given" value="EMILY"/>
<interp inst="def2-7-19100308" type="occupation" value="charwoman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DAVIS</hi>, Emily (49, charwoman)</persName>
<rs id="t19100308-7-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-7-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-7-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, both feloniously having in their possession a mould upon which was impressed a figure of the sides of half-a-crown.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. B. Wilkinson prosecuted.</p>
<p>Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">DAVID GOODWILLIE</hi>, Criminal Investigation Department. On February 15, at 5.15 p. m., I went with two other officers to 47, High Street, Bow. I found the door of the first floor front room locked, and hearing persons moving inside, I said if they did not open it I would burst the door open, I then burst the door, entered and found both prisoners standing by the window, of which the bottom sash was lifted right up. I told them I was a police officer, and had reason to believe that they were making counterfeit coin there. King said, "You will find nothing here. "I then directed Detective Nicholls to make a search in the backyard. I searched King and found in his pocket counterfeit florin produced. He said, "I did not know it was a bad one. I gave it to a doctor to test it." I had not then stated that it was a bad one. The room was then being searched by Detective Pearce. He found under some coal in a cupboard seven counterfeit half-crowns produced. Nicholls then returned to the room and handed me six moulds (produced), (our of which are complete—a mould for a half-crown (the object of the charge), one for a florin, one for a sixpence, one for a shilling, and one a double mould for making both a shilling and sixpence, which is broken. Pearce then handed me the seven counterfeit florins, and King said, "That will be hard for me to explain" (referring to the florins) "it would not matter about the moulds." In King's coat-pocket I found cyanide of potassium, and in the room a file, a metal pot, a packet of sand, a quantity of antimony, a pocket-knife, a quantity of plaster of Paris, a piece of copper wire, and some bluestone (sulphate of copper) (pro
<lb/>duced). I took prisoners to Bow Police Station. When charged King said, "Make sure it is a bad one," referring to the florin. Davis said nothing in reply to the charge.</p>
<p>Detective
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS NICHOLLS</hi>, Criminal Investigation Department. On February 15 I went with Goodwillie and Pearce to 47, High Street, Bow, and went down into the backyard to make a search. In the garden adjoining No. 47 I found the six moulds produced, some of which were still warm, in a spot opposite the window of the prisoner's room. I returned to the room and handed them to Goodwillie. Davis said, "I wish I had never seen him," referring to King.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The spot where I found the moulds was about eight or nine yards from the prisoner's window.</p>
<p>Re-examined. It would be quite possible to throw the moulds from prisoner's window to where I found them.</p>
<p>Detective
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALFRED PEARCE</hi>, Criminal Investigation Department.</p>
<p>On February 15 I accompanied the last two witnesses, searched the room, and found the seven half-crowns and other articles produced.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080008"/>
<p>Four of the half-crowns are dated "1896," three are dated "1906." When I found the coins King said, "That will be hard for me to explain; it would not matter about the moulds."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-29" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-29" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-29" type="surname" value="STROUDSLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-29" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE STROUDSLEY</persName> </hi>, 51, High Street, Bromley. I am caretaker of 47, High Street, Bow, which is a lodging-house, in which on Feb
<lb/>ruary 8 I let to the prisoners the first floor back room. They were living together. On February 17, after the arrest, I searched the room. Under the fire-grate I found three moulds. In the backyard, behind the dust pail, I found white metal produced. I handed them to Sergeant Goodwillie at Bow Police Station.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Three persons used the yard besides the pri
<lb/>soners.</p>
<p>Station-sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">HENRY BATES</hi>, 76 K Division. I took charge of three moulds and white metal produced by Stroudsley.</p>
<p>Detective
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALFRED PEARCE</hi>, recalled. The last witness handed me the three moulds and white metal produced.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The three moulds consist of the top and bottom pieces of a double mould for making both a shilling and sixpence, and half a mould for a florin.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-30" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-30" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-30" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-30" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>, Inspector of Coins, H. M. Mint. The seven half-crowns produced are counterfeit from two different moulds; three dated 1896 have come from moulds produced; four are dated The others are all coining moulds. The cyanide of potassium, antimony, plaster of Paris, and bluestone are used by coiners; the bluestone is used for an electroplating copper solution; it is not used for silvering coins. The white metal is grain tin, which is used with antimony. The coins are fair specimens; they are all finished ready for passing.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The coins are completed; they are silvered over. Cyanide of potassium will not silver by itself; it does not require a battery to-complete coins.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-31" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-31" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-31" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-31" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN KING</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath). On February 15, at about two o'clock, I was with a man who asked me to mind these things for him till seven in the evening. I took the parcel in the room and opened it; when I saw it contained broken moulds I knew very well it was a catch, and threw them into the garden next door. I did not throw them from the window. I could not do so. I went downstairs and threw them over the wall. This was a give-away job; the man had already given information at Scotland Yard about me; this man had worked it up for me for the simple reason that if I could have traced where he lived I would have put the police on to him. The woman knows nothing at all about it.</p>
<p>Verdict (King), Guilty; (Davis), guilty in a lesser degree.</p>
<p>King pleaded guilty of being a habitual criminal.</p>
<p>Convictions proved against King: April 23, 1868, Worship Street, one month for stealing; February 28, 1870, Middlesex Sessions, 18 months, attempted house-breaking; June 10, 1872, at this court, two years, hard labour and one year police supervision for possessing counterfeit coin; September 21, 1874, five years' penal servitude and two years, police supervision; March 4, 1879, seven years, penal</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080009"/>
<p>servitude, making counterfeit coin; November 3, 1885, Hammer
<lb/>smith, three months' hard labour and license revoked, possessing house-breaking implements; July 25, 1887, at this court, ten years' penal servitude, house-breaking; April 27, 1895, 18 months and license revoked for attempted house-breaking; May 8, 1899, at this court, seven years' penal servitude, possessing counterfeit coin; January 9, 1905, at this court, five years, penal servitude and license revoked, possessing counterfeit coin. Prisoner was liberated on February 5, 1910, ten days before his present arrest.</p>
<p>Sentence, King,
<rs id="t19100308-7-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-7-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-7-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-7-19100308 t19100308-7-punishment-6"/>Six years' penal servitude (the Judge stating that he was too old to be treated as a habitual criminal)</rs>; Davis,
<rs id="t19100308-7-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-7-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-7-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-7-19100308 t19100308-7-punishment-7"/>Four months, hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19100308-8" type="date" value="19100308"/>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-8-19100308" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-8-19100308" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19100308" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19100308" type="surname" value="GOLDSWORTHY"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19100308" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19100308" type="occupation" value="printer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GOLDSWORTHY</hi>, Harry (19, printer)</persName>
<rs id="t19100308-8-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-8-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-8-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, uttering counterfeit coin twice on same day.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-33" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-33" type="surname" value="PLEASANCE"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-33" type="given" value="ERNEST ROSS"/>ERNEST ROSS PLEASANCE</persName> </hi>. I keep tobacconist's and confectioner's shops, which communicate, at 8 and 9, Bedford Road, Alexandra Park. On February 27, between six and 6.30 p.m., prisoner came into No. 8 and asked for a packet of Player's Weight cigarettes, one penny, which I served him with, and he handed me a florin. I gave him change, 1s., 6d., and five pennies, and he left. Two minutes afterwards he came into No. 9 and asked for a pennyworth of iced-cokernut caramel, which I served him; he handed me another florin. I asked him if he had not anything smaller, knowing I had just given him change in the other shop. He said he had only two-shilling pieces and half-crowns. That raising my suspicions I ran to the other shop, took the florin from the till, and saw it was bad. I sent my brother for the police. Another man came and knocked at the door, beckoned. to the prisoner, and they both ran off. I followed them for about thirty yards, when I told the prisoner that he had already done me for one two-shilling piece, and that he had given me another bad one. He denied that he had been in the tobacconist's shop at all; the other man said he had nothing to do with him. I held on to the prisoner, and with the assistance of a friend got him back to the shop. A constable came, and I gave him into custody.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not say before the magistrate I was not quite sure that he was the man who came into the tobacconist shop. 'I said I had had a lot of trouble, and that was why I did not notice the two-shilling piece in the first place. (To the Judge.) I put the first two-shilling piece into the bowl, which had only one other florin. I am sure it is the same. I recognised it as a King Edward coin, the other being a Victoria florin.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS THOROUGHGOOD</hi>, 200 Y, stationed at Wood Green. On February 17, at 6.20 p.m., I was at Buckingham Road, Wood Green. I heard a whistle, and went into Bedford Road, where I saw prisoner detained by prosecutor in the shop No. 9. Pro
<lb/>secutor said, "This man came into my shop next door, asked for a penny packet of cigarettes, and tendered a bad two-shilling piece. I took it, gave him 1s. 11d. change, and he left the shop. He came into my other shop next door, asked for a pennyworth of cokernut caramel</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080010"/>
<p>and gave me another bad two-shilling piece. I asked him if he had no smaller change, knowing I had already given him 1s. 11d. in change a few moments ago, but he said he had only two-shilling pieces and half-crowns. "Prisoner made no reply. I took him into custody, searched him, and found two two-shilling pieces and one half-crown good money upon him. I took him to Wood Green Police Station, where he was charged, and made no reply. The coins are those pro
<lb/>duced, which I marked.</p>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">FRANCIS HILL</hi>, stationed at Wood Green. On February 17 I saw prisoner brought in, and said to him, "You will be charged with uttering both these coins," and I showed him the two bad florins produced. He said, "I did not go into the tobacconist's. I expect the other chap did. I admit going into the sweet shop and giving prosecutor one of these coins. I have had it about two weeks. This is the first time I have tried to get rid of it. I did not know the other chap who was was outside. "When charged he made no reply. The good money found upon him was handed me by the last witness. I also found on him two seidlitz powders, purchased from two shops in different districts—they are quite clean—and a new handkerchief, quite clean.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-34" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-34" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-34" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>, Inspector of Coins, H. M. Mint. The two florins produced are counterfeit from different moulds.</p>
<p>Prisoner's statement before the magistrate: I came out of Penton
<lb/>ville on February 20. I got two shillings for the three months. I saw Mr. Wheatley about a fortnight before I came out, and told him if I could not get work I was going to sea. I sold papers for a week and earned five or six shillings, and then started selling jewellery, buying rings at 3s. a dozen and selling them at 6d. each. Every night the money I used to get I used to change for big silver in the "Unicorn" public-house, Hoxton, and I bought some clothes last Wednesday week. I had then 10s. 5d., which included 5s. worth of coppers, and changed it at the "Unicorn. "They gave me three two-shilling pieces" a half-crown, a sixpence, and a shilling. On the Thursday there being nothing doing I went to the Alexandra Palace. I got up there about a quarter past twelve. In the afternoon, about a quarter to three, I was standing round the lake; a young fellow asked me if I would have a boat out with him. I did. I had nobody else to go with. I kept company with him till about five o'clock, when I lost him. I came out of the Palace at about ten minutes to six. As I was going from the gates I heard some one whistle. I turned round, and did not know it was the young fellow I had been with in the afternoon. I went straight into the prosecutor's shop and bought a pennyworth of ice-cream caramels. As I was waiting for change I saw a horse with a cab running away. Just then the fellow tapped at the window. I said, "What do you want?" He said, "There is a horse and cab run away, gone up the road, let us see if it does any damage. "I said, "What about my change?" He said, "We can get that in a minute. "As we were running up the road a little way the shop-keeper came running after me. This fellow said, "Let me alone; he has nothing to do with me. "The shop-keeper said, "Give me my</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080011"/>
<p>change, 1s. 11d., and you can go. "I said, "I have got no change," so he took me back to the shop, blew his whistle, and called a con
<lb/>stable. I produced the two two-shilling pieces and the half-crown, what I had in change in the "Unicorn" public-house, with the bad two-shilling piece, which I did not know was bad. On searching me they found no cigarettes and no change.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-35" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-35" type="surname" value="GOLDSWORTHY"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-35" type="given" value="HARRY"/>HARRY GOLDSWORTHY</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath). I have been in prison close on three weeks now, practically for nothing. I have been going straight since I came out of Wormwood Scrubbs. I only got three months as a suspected person. Just before I got arrested for this affair I picked up a purse on Tuesday night with two seidlitz powders, a penny, a pocket handkerchief, and 7 1/2 d., which I gave to a friend named Mrs. Hookham. On the following Thursday I went up to Alexandra Palace, and met this fellow up there. I went straight to the shop, called for a pennyworth of caramels, and gave the coin which happened to be the first piece of money I had in my hand. It turned out to be a bad coin. I expect some one went into the shop just before me, and he identified me as the other fellow. I did not go into the tobacconist's shop; that is the truth.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19100308-8-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-8-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-8-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100308-9">
<interp inst="t19100308-9" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100308"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-9" type="date" value="19100308"/>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-9-19100308" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-9-19100308" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19100308" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19100308" type="surname" value="ROBINSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19100308" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19100308" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBINSON</hi>, Frederick (38, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19100308-9-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-9-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-9-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19100308-9-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-9-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-9-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, of attempt
<lb/>ing to obtain by false pretences from
<persName id="t19100308-name-37" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-37" type="surname" value="RISKEY"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-37" type="given" value="SIDNEY LIDSTONE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-9-offence-1 t19100308-name-37"/>Sidney Lidstone Riskey</persName>, divers of his moneys, with intent to defraud; obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t19100308-name-38" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-38" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-38" type="surname" value="DAY"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-38" type="given" value="JOHN ALBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-9-offence-1 t19100308-name-38"/>John Albert Day</persName> 2s. 6d., the moneys of
<persName id="t19100308-name-39" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-39" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-9-offence-1 t19100308-name-39"/>Joseph Thorley, Limited</persName>; from
<persName id="t19100308-name-40" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-40" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-40" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-40" type="given" value="WILLIAM ORLANDO"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-9-offence-1 t19100308-name-40"/>William Orlando Jones</persName> 5s., the moneys of the
<persName id="t19100308-name-41" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-41" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-9-offence-1 t19100308-name-41"/>Camden Steam Laundry Company, Limited</persName>; from
<persName id="t19100308-name-42" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-42" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-42" type="surname" value="FISHER"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-42" type="given" value="HENRY MALINS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-9-offence-1 t19100308-name-42"/>Henry Malins Fisher</persName> 5s.,. the moneys of
<persName id="t19100308-name-43" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-43" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-9-offence-1 t19100308-name-43"/>Salmon and Gluckstein, Limited</persName>, and from
<persName id="t19100308-name-44" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-44" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-44" type="surname" value="BOLTON"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-44" type="given" value="FRANK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-9-offence-1 t19100308-name-44"/>Frank Bolton</persName> 2s. 6d., the moneys of
<persName id="t19100308-name-45" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-45" type="surname" value="KONIG"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-45" type="given" value="FREDEICK ADOLPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-9-offence-1 t19100308-name-45"/>Frederick Adolph Konig</persName> and another, in each case with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Hugh Watt prosecuted.</p>
<p>Prisoner was stated to have obtained a large number of subscrip
<lb/>tions from charitable people for pretended funds to assist relatives of persons lost in shipwrecks, colliery disasters, etc. Up to February, 1909, he had borne a very good character; he had received two medals from the Royal Humane Society for saving life on the occasion of the Blackwall disaster in 1898, and of another collision in the Thames. On September 29, 1909, he received three months' hard labour for attempting to obtain alms by false pretences.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19100308-9-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-9-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-9-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-19100308 t19100308-9-punishment-8"/>18 months' imprisonment, second division</rs>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RECORDER</hi>.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, March 9.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100308-10">
<interp inst="t19100308-10" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100308"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-10" type="date" value="19100308"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100308-10-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-19100308 t19100308-10-offence-1 t19100308-10-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100308-10-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-19100308 t19100308-10-offence-2 t19100308-10-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-10-19100308" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-10-19100308" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19100308" type="age" value="52"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19100308" type="surname" value="MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19100308" type="given" value="CAREW"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19100308" type="occupation" value="secretary"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARTIN</hi>, Carew (52, secretary)</persName>
<rs id="t19100308-10-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-10-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-10-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19100308-10-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-10-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-10-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, of unlawfully and wilfully making certain false entries in the books of the
<persName id="t19100308-name-47" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-47" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-10-offence-1 t19100308-name-47"/>Royal Society of British Architects</persName> </rs>,
<rs id="t19100308-10-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-10-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-10-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>also of embezzling certain sums and bankers' cheques belonging to the said society and feloniously forging and uttering an endorsement to a bill of exchange drawn by
<persName id="t19100308-name-48" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-48" type="surname" value="HORSLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-48" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-10-offence-2 t19100308-name-48"/>Charles Horsley</persName> for the sum of £4, with intent to defraud</rs>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080012"/>
<p>Mr. Herbert Jacobs prosecuted; Mr. Barrington Ward appeared for prisoner.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-49" type="surname" value="ELLIS"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-49" type="given" value="CUTHBERT FREDERICK"/>CUTHBERT FREDERICK ELLIS</persName>,
<persName id="t19100308-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-50" type="surname" value="FELBERMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-50" type="given" value="LEWIS"/>LEWIS FELBERMAN</persName> </hi>, and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-51" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-51" type="surname" value="OFFORD"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-51" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH OFFORD</persName> </hi> were called to character.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19100308-10-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-10-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-10-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-19100308 t19100308-10-punishment-9"/>Nine months' imprisonment, second division</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100308-11">
<interp inst="t19100308-11" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100308"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-11" type="date" value="19100308"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100308-11-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-19100308 t19100308-11-offence-1 t19100308-11-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100308-11-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-19100308 t19100308-11-offence-2 t19100308-11-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100308-11-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-19100308 t19100308-11-offence-3 t19100308-11-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100308-11-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-19100308 t19100308-11-offence-4 t19100308-11-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-11-19100308" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-11-19100308" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19100308" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19100308" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19100308" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19100308" type="occupation" value="ticket writer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BROWN</hi>, John (37, ticket writer)</persName>
<rs id="t19100308-11-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-11-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-11-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19100308-11-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-11-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-11-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, of forging and uttering, knowing the same to be forged, a request for the delivery of two cameras and one lens, with intent to defraud</rs>;
<rs id="t19100308-11-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-11-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-11-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t19100308-name-53" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-53" type="surname" value="HOME"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-53" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-11-offence-2 t19100308-name-53"/>George Home</persName>, two cameras and one lens, with intent to defraud</rs>;
<rs id="t19100308-11-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-11-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-11-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>in the County of London, feloniously altering and utter
<lb/>ing, knowing the same to be altered, two several orders for the payment of money, to wit, Post Office money orders for the payment of £10 and £15 respectively, in each case with intent to defraud</rs>;
<rs id="t19100308-11-offence-4" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-11-offence-4" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-11-offence-4" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>in the County of London, obtaining by false pretences from Kodak, Limited, three cameras and one tripod, with intent to defraud</rs>.</p>
<p>Several previous convictions were proved.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19100308-11-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-11-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-11-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-19100308 t19100308-11-punishment-10"/>18 months, hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100308-12">
<interp inst="t19100308-12" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100308"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-12" type="date" value="19100308"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100308-12-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-19100308 t19100308-12-offence-1 t19100308-12-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-12-19100308" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-12-19100308" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19100308" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19100308" type="surname" value="JALAMA"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19100308" type="given" value="GEORGE GUMPRECHT"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19100308" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JALAMA</hi>, George Gumprecht (23, clerk)</persName>
<rs id="t19100308-12-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-12-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-12-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19100308-12-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-12-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-12-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, of forging and uttering a banker's cheque for £5 with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Sidney Clarke prosecuted; Mr. Barrington Ward appeared for prisoner.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t19100308-12-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-12-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="miscVerdict"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-12-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="postponed"/>Judgment was postponed to next Sessions</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100308-13">
<interp inst="t19100308-13" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100308"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-13" type="date" value="19100308"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100308-13-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-19100308 t19100308-13-offence-1 t19100308-13-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-13-19100308" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-13-19100308" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19100308" type="age" value="46"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19100308" type="surname" value="VINCENT"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19100308" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19100308" type="occupation" value="baker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">VINCENT</hi>, George (46, baker)</persName>
<rs id="t19100308-13-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-13-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-13-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, stealing 71 postal-orders, value £30 1s. 6d., and forging and uttering two postal-orders for the pay
<lb/>ment of 8s. each, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Forster Boulton prosecuted; Mr. G. St. J. McDonald defended.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-56" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-56" type="surname" value="KNOWLES"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-56" type="given" value="BLANCHE EDITH"/>BLANCHE EDITH KNOWLES</persName> </hi>, assistant clerk at the Sub-Post Office, 540, Commercial Road. On December 7 prisoner came into the office about five minutes past ten in the morning while I was engaged going through the stock and postal-orders at the counter. Shortly after
<lb/>wards two other men came in, one of whom bought a postal-order for 5s. I had to leave the counter for a moment, and directly I returned the prisoner and two other men left, but the prisoner returned and bought a postcard. After he had gone I missed 71 of the postal-orders from the counter, amounting in value to over £31. The orders were unstamped and unsigned. The postal-order pro
<lb/>duced for 8s. is one of the orders with which I was dealing. The stamp "Shadwell" upon it is a forgery.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I gave information to the police, and gave a description of the men, and afterwards identified prisoner at Shadwell Police Station as one of the men who came into the office that morning.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-57" type="surname" value="ANDERSON"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-57" type="given" value="EVELYN STUART"/>EVELYN STUART ANDERSON</persName> </hi>. another assistant at the post-office, also identified prisoner as one of the men who came in on the morning of December 7.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-58" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-58" type="surname" value="SAVILLE"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-58" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES SAVILLE</persName> </hi>, grocer, 24, Colebrook Road, Walthamstow. About half-past ten on the night of December 11 the prisoner bought some</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080013"/>
<p>articles at my shop of the value of 2s., and tendered in payment the postal-order for 8s. produced. I gave him 6s. change. I next saw him on January 18 last at Shad well Police Station, and picked him out from a number of other men. I am quite sure he is the man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-59" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-59" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-59" type="surname" value="MONTFORD"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-59" type="given" value="CECILIA SARAH"/>CECILIA SARAH MONTFORD</persName> </hi>, post-mistress at the Cable Street Post Office. The stamp on the postal-order produced for 8s. is not the stamp of my office. The initials, "G. E.," purporting to be those of the issuing officer, are unknown to me.</p>
<p>Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK GOODEY</hi>, H Division. I arrested the prisoner at half-past eight on the morning of January 18 at his lodgings 23, Cologne Street, Stepney, and said to him, "I am going to take you into custody for being concerned with three other men in stealing 71 postal-orders. "He said, "I did not steal them; is it identifica
<lb/>tion?" I said "Yes." After a time he said, "Have you got the others, or am I the only one?" I made no answer, but took him to Shadwell Police Station, where that evening he was placed with other men and identified by witness Saville. He refused to allow himself to be put up for identification afterwards by witness Anderson.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE DAY, H</hi> Division. I was present when prisoner was identified by witnesses Knowles and Saville, and shortly afterwards he said to me, "Your guv'nor has got me; why don't you get Lane and the other man; you know where they live? If you only knew what I know—but, there, I don't want to tell you anything; you will find it all out."</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">EDWARD SEARLE, H</hi> Division. When in charge of prisoner at Shadwell Police Station he said to me, "I am supposed to be here for stealing some postal-orders with a man of the name of Lane, and Laddow and Scottie. How long will your people keep me here? They know where Lane lives, and they could get him if they wanted him. If you only knew what I know—there, you will have to find that out."</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-60" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-60" type="surname" value="ARMSTRONG"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-60" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM ARMSTRONG</persName> </hi>. I live at 105, Ernest Street, Stepney, and carry on the business of a carman and greengrocer. I know prisoner in the name of Stanley. He worked for me from about the middle of last November to the end of the year. On December 7 he was working for me in Spitalfields Market from seven o'clock till eleven o'clock in the morning; on December 11 he was working for me till 2.30 in the afternoon.</p>
<p>In cross-examination witness admitted that he had been several times convicted under various aliases for felony, robbery with violence and drunkenness.</p>
<p>(Tuesday, March 10.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-61" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-61" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-61" type="surname" value="VINCENT"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-61" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE VINCENT</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath.) My proper name is Stanley, but I go by the name of Vincent to save my father from disgrace, and because my brother is in a respectable position. On the day the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080014"/>
<p>postal-orders were stolen I was working for witness Armstrong from 7 a.m. till 2.30 p.m. I was not in the post-office, and know nothing about the postal-orders. On the night of the 11th I was at a public-house called the "Wentworth Arms," in the Mile End Road, with several people, and did not change the postal-order at Saville's shop. It is a case of mistaken identity.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-62" type="surname" value="STANLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-62" type="given" value="JOSEPH CAUSTON, ARTHUR"/>JOSEPH CAUSTON, ARTHUR STANLEY</persName> </hi>, and
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM WALKER</hi> also de
<lb/>posed to seeing prisoner at the "Wentworth Arms" on the night of December 11.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19100308-13-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-13-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-13-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, March 9.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100308-14">
<interp inst="t19100308-14" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100308"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-14" type="date" value="19100308"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100308-14-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-19100308 t19100308-14-offence-1 t19100308-14-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-14-19100308" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-14-19100308" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19100308" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19100308" type="surname" value="BLANCHE"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19100308" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19100308" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BLANCHE</hi>, Patrick, otherwise
<rs id="t19100308-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-19100308 t19100308-alias-1"/>John Devine</rs>, otherwise
<rs id="t19100308-alias-2" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-19100308 t19100308-alias-2"/> Twine </rs>(32, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19100308-14-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-14-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-14-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19100308-14-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-14-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-14-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, of breaking and entering the shop of
<persName id="t19100308-name-64" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-64" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-14-offence-1 t19100308-name-64"/>George Keith and Company, Limited</persName>, and stealing therein two boots, their goods.</rs> </p>
<p>Convictions proved: June 10, 1909, at Derby, three months' hard labour for stealing a box and a child's coat and cap; at Man
<lb/>chester, January 4, 1909, one month for stealing an overcoat; Feb
<lb/>ruary 5, 1909, one month for frequenting; March 6, 1909, three months, for stealing a box of straw plait, stated to have been in a starving condition when arrested on this charge.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t19100308-14-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-14-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-14-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-19100308 t19100308-14-punishment-11"/>Prisoner was put back to Friday, March 11, when Mr. Walter Spencer, of the Church Army, having undertaken to find him work, he was bound over in £10, Mr. Spencer undertaking to report to the court on April 26</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100308-15">
<interp inst="t19100308-15" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100308"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-15" type="date" value="19100308"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100308-15-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19100308 t19100308-15-offence-1 t19100308-15-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-15-19100308" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-15-19100308" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19100308" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19100308" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19100308" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19100308" type="occupation" value="news vendor"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILSON</hi>, Alfred (22, news vendor)</persName>
<rs id="t19100308-15-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-15-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-15-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, uttering counterfeit coin twice within ten days.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. R. Wilkinson prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-66" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-66" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-66" type="surname" value="POLSKY"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-66" type="given" value="ISRAEL"/>ISRAEL POLSKY</persName> </hi>, 57, Mount Street, Bethnal Green, grocer. On February 10, 1910, between 2 and 4 p.m., prisoner came into my shop, asked for a packet of Woodbine cigarettes, Id., tendered a florin, received 1s. 11d. change, and left. I then found that the coin was bad. On the next day, February 11, at about the same time, he came again, asked for a packet of Woodbines, and tendered a bad half-crown. I said, "Yesterday you gave me a bad 2s. piece, and this half-crown is bad. I am going to send for a policeman. A week before you gave me two bad half-crowns. "Those were the two coins produced which I received from the prisoner on February 4 and 6, and which I had handed to the police. Prisoner said, "If you say this half-crown is bad I suppose it is bad. I do not know about the others. I got that in the City." A constable was called, and I gave prisoner into custody. I have known prisoner for three or four weeks as a customer for Woodbines; he always paid with a 2s. piece or half-crown. (To the Judge.) The half-crown I received on February 4 was given to</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080015"/>
<p>Lyons, tea man, who stated it was bad. I then recollected receiving it from prisoner, and that I thought it light, but as it rang well I thought it a good one and accepted it. An hour after serving the pri
<lb/>soner I found a bad half-crown among my silver, of which I had about £2. On February 6 prisoner paid me a half-crown, and I found it to be bad five minutes after he left.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not charge prisoner on February 6 as I was not certain he had passed the bad one on the 4th, and I know it is a very serious thing to charge a man with passing bad money. He also came with a different suit on, and I was not sure he was the man. On February 10 I sounded the florin and thought it was good.</p>
<p>Detective
<hi rend="smallCaps">HENRY RUTTER, H</hi> Division. On February 6 prosecutor handed me two bad half-crowns (produced), which I marked "H. R."</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">EDWARD BATLEY</hi>, 241 H. On February 11 I was called to prosecutor's shop and saw the prisoner. Prosecutor said, "This man came into my shop for a packet of cigarettes; he gave me half-a-crown, and I say it is a bad one. He came to my shop Yester
<lb/>day for a packet of cigarettes, and gave me a 2s. piece. After he was gone I looked at the 2s. piece and discovered it was a bad one." Pri
<lb/>soner said, "A traveler asked me to carry a parcel in the City, and gave me half-a-crown; I did not know it was a bad one." With regard to the 2s. piece passed on the previous day he said, "I know nothing at all about that. "Prosecutor handed me the two coins produced, which I marked. At the station prosecutor said, "Prisoner came to me last Sunday, had a packet of cigarettes, and after he was gone I discovered I had a bad half-crown. He came to me again on the Friday, and after he had gone I discovered another bad half-crown, and I suspected prisoner of passing it." Prisoner said nothing to that. He was then charged with passing the two coins on February 10 and 11; he made no reply to that charge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-67" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-67" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-67" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-67" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>, Inspector of Coins, H. M. Mint. The two florins produced are dated 1878; they are both counterfeit, and from the same mould; the third florin is from a different mould; that and the half-crown produced are counterfeit. All the coins are about the average make.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-68" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-68" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-68" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-68" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED WILSON</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath.) On February 11, at about 10.30 a.m., I went to the City to get some newspapers. I was out
<lb/>side Liverpool Street Station when a gentleman asked me to carry a parcel, and directed me to take it to Moorgate Street Station, where he left me. I waited half an hour, and then took it to Fenchurch Street Station for him, where he left me in charge of it for half or three-quarters of an hour. He returned, took the parcel, and said, "Here is a bit of silver for you," and gave me a half-crown. Walking past prosecutor's shop I called in for a packet of Woodbines. I had only a halfpenny and this half-crown, and I put the half-crown down, when prosecutor had me arrested.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080016"/>
<p>Cross-examined. I had no money to start buying papers, and was excited at getting a job. The parcel was like a traveller's bag, with a handle. The gentleman was a perfect stranger to me; he left me in charge of the parcel both at Moorgate Street and Liverpool Street Stations. He did not tell me what was in the parcel. I had a halfpenny; I was going to borrow another halfpenny, get three papers for the penny, sell them, and buy more. I had never been in prosecutor's shop before February 11.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19100308-15-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-15-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-15-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Convictions proved: August 12, 1903, at North London Sessions, bound over for indecent assault; on May 21, 1909, prisoner was charged with larceny, but discharged; stated to be an associate of convicted thieves.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19100308-15-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-15-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-15-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19100308 t19100308-15-punishment-12"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100308-16">
<interp inst="t19100308-16" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100308"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-16" type="date" value="19100308"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100308-16-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-19100308 t19100308-16-offence-1 t19100308-16-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-16-19100308" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-16-19100308" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19100308" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19100308" type="surname" value="ANSELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19100308" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19100308" type="occupation" value="dealer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANSELL</hi>, Thomas (28, dealer)</persName>
<rs id="t19100308-16-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-16-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-16-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, uttering counterfeit coin twice within ten days.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Pickersgill, M. P., prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-70" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-70" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-70" type="surname" value="HERBERT"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-70" type="given" value="MAUDE"/>MAUDE HERBERT</persName> </hi>, 48, Neptune Street, Rotherhithe, wife of John Herbert, general-shop keeper. On January 27, at about 8 p.m., pri
<lb/>soner asked me to change half a sovereign, putting on the counter coin produced, with the Queen's head upwards. I counted the change on to the counter and prisoner took it up. Taking up his coin I said, "Wait a minute," as on turning it over I thought it looked strange. Prisoner had disappeared. I ran to the door and saw him running off. I gave the coin to my husband; it is a gilded Jubilee sixpence. A fortnight afterwards I picked prisoner out in the Marylebone Police Courtyard from a number of men.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The man had a pale face and straight eyes; he wore a short jacket. I identify him by his face. I gave evidence on February 10. Detective Gale was present when I identified him. I saw Mrs. Hutton that day before I identified him. I walked round the men and I afterwards had another look to make sure. Prisoner looked me in the face, and I said, "You are the man." I did not shake my head; an officer did not tell me to have another look. I have no doubt he is the man, but I was not quite certain of him until he looked at me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-71" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-71" type="surname" value="HERBERT"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-71" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HERBERT</persName> </hi>, 48, Neptune Street, Rotherhithe, general dealer. On January 27 my wife made a communication to me, and handed me a gilded sixpence (produced), which I gave to Detective-sergeant Gale at Rotherhithe Police Station, who marked it.</p>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS GALE</hi>, Metropolitan Police. On January 28 I received a gilded sixpence (produced) from prosecutor.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-72" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-72" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-72" type="surname" value="HUTTON"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-72" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>ELIZA HUTTON</persName> </hi>, 30, Warden Road, Kentish Town, wife of Arthur Hutton, general-shop keeper. On February 4, at about 6.15 p.m., prisoner asked if I could change half a sovereign. I put the silver on the counter, when prisoner put coin (produced) into my hand, head uppermost. I turned it over and found it was not genuine. Prisoner had left. I called to my husband, and ran up the road about fifty yards, when I saw prisoner with another man. I knew him by a</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080017"/>
<p>light green cap and a brown muffler which he wore. I caught hold of him, and said, "I want you about the half-sovereign I have just changed for you. "He said, "Me?" I said, "Yes, you." He said, "You have made a mistake." I said, "Oh, no, I have not. What is he walking away for?" referring to the other man, who had gone off. Prisoner said, "He is a stranger to me. He came across the road end asked me if I could give him a penny for a night's lodging." I said, "You come down to the shop with me He pulled himself away from me, and was going off. I said, "I shall follow you." I caught hold of him again, and said, "Come down to the shop with me. "He said, "I tell you, woman, you have made a mistake." I said, "You are the man I changed the half-sovereign for. "He said, "Who is there?" I said, "The young girl who was in the shop when you came in. "He said, "Will she know?" I said, "Yes." He walked down in front of me to the shop, and I said to the young girl (Dunagan), "Do you think this is the man that I changed the half-sovereign for?" She said, "It looks like the man to me." The con
<lb/>stable then came. My husband explained the matter, and the police
<lb/>man asked me if I was sure this was the man. I said, "I am quite sure." I gave the coin to the constable, and we went to the station.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I recognised prisoner by the light cap and the brown muffler which is the one now produced by prisoner, and I recog
<lb/>nised his face; he is the man. He did not say, "I will go back to the shop with pleasure; is there any one else in the shop that would recognise me?" Prisoner swung me round in trying to get away from me. When in the shop he had an overcoat on. He had no over
<lb/>coat on when he came back into the shop. Dunagan did not say pri
<lb/>soner was not the man; the man who came in had an overcoat on. It was about two or three minutes after he had left the shop that I got up to him. Prisoner asked to be searched outside the shop. He was searched at the station; no silver was found on him. The constable refused to search him in the shop because there was a crowd there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-73" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-73" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-73" type="surname" value="DUNAGAN"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-73" type="given" value="ROSE"/>ROSE DUNAGAN</persName> </hi>, 19, St. Paul's Road, Bow, servant to prosecutor. On February 4 I saw a man receive change from the last witness; I do not swear to the prisoner.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I failed to identify prisoner at Marylebone Police Station. I did not say at the shop, "The man that came in had an overcoat on." I do not know whether he had or not.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS LLOYD</hi>, 600 Y. On February 4 I was called to prosecutor's shop and found there the prisoner, Mr. and Mrs. Hutton, and Dunagan. Mrs. Hutton said prisoner came into her shop, asked for change for half-a-sovereign, that she had given it him, and that after he left she found it was bad; that she had gone after the prisoner and brought him back to the shop. I said to her, "Are you sure this is the man?" She said, "Yes, I am sure." I told prisoner I should take him into custody. He said, "I know the law; I want to be searched. "I did not search him at the time as there was a large crowd of people in the shop. He was searched at the station, when a sovereign in gold and no silver was found on him. In answer to the charge he said, "It is a case of mistaken identity."</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080018"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-74" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-74" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-74" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>, Inspector of Coins, H. M. Mint. The two coins produced are Jubilee sixpences gilded.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-75" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-75" type="surname" value="ANSELL"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-75" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS ANSELL</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). On February 4 I was walking up Warden Street when an elderly man came across and asked me for a penny towards a night's lodging. I said I had not a copper on me. He continued to walk with me asking for the copper, when Mrs. Hutton came and accused me of changing a bad half-sovereign. I said, "My good woman, you have made a mistake. "She said, "No, I have not; come back to the shop. "The other man walked away. I returned to the shop and protested my innocence before Mr. and Mrs. Hutton and the girl (Dunagan). Mrs. Hutton said to the girl, "I think it is him, do not you?" The girl never answered. I pro
<lb/>tested my innocence for five minutes. Hutton told me to clear off. I said, "No, if you are not satisfied send for a constable and I will be searched," which he did, and I was given in charge, taken to the station, and the money found on me was a golden sovereign and no silver. On January 27 I was at a boxing competition from 7.45 till 11.30 p.m., and was not in Herbert's shop.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I deny Mrs. Herbert's evidence. I was at a boxing competition in the King Hall, London Road, from 7.45 till 11.30 p.m., when I went home to my lodging at 1, Churchyard Road, Newington Butts. I had been at home all day. I deny that I changed the half-sovereign with Mrs. Hutton. She caught hold of my sleeve, and I freed my arm; I did not swing her round. I sug
<lb/>gested a constable being called. I was anxious to be searched because I was innocent. I do not remember saying, "I know the law"—I cannot deny it.</p>
<p>Addressing the Jury: Mrs. Hutton admits that the man who passed the half-sovereign had an overcoat on, and when she accused me two or three minutes afterwards I had none. The girl failed to recognise me. I am a dealer, and was working for my living at the time. With regard to Mrs. Herbert's identification I want to point out the unfair way in which I was treated. She had been in conversa
<lb/>tion with the other prosecutrix previous to picking me out. The constable that brought her from Rotherhithe was Detective Morris; he saw me placed among the other men and fetched Mrs. Herbert in. The officer who stands here said to him, "Do not you go out; I w to be fair towards this man; let another officer go out," but Morris brought Mrs. Herbert in. She walked round, had a good look, and could not recognise me. The sergeant said, "Have another walk round," and then, of course, she picked me out.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19100308-16-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-16-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-16-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Convictions proved: June 29, 1906, Lambeth, three months' hard labour for larceny; May 14, 1907, Greenwich, two months' hard labour for stealing clothes; Sept. 18, 1907, South London Sessions, 12 months for warehouse breaking; August 10, 1906, Lambeth, three</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080019"/>
<p>months, stealing a bag; November 28, 1908, Lambeth, three months' for assaulting the police; April 6, 1909, Thames, nine months, for larceny.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19100308-16-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-16-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-16-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-19100308 t19100308-16-punishment-13"/>18 months, hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100308-17">
<interp inst="t19100308-17" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100308"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-17" type="date" value="19100308"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100308-17-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-19100308 t19100308-17-offence-1 t19100308-17-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100308-17-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-19100308 t19100308-17-offence-2 t19100308-17-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-17-19100308" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-17-19100308" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19100308" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19100308" type="surname" value="JEFFREY"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19100308" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19100308" type="occupation" value="salesman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JEFFREY</hi>, George (30, salesman)</persName>
<rs id="t19100308-17-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-17-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-17-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19100308-17-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-17-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-17-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, of attempting to obtain by false pretences from
<persName id="t19100308-name-77" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-77" type="surname" value="CURTIS"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-77" type="given" value="JOHN JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-17-offence-1 t19100308-name-77"/>John James Curtis</persName> £11 5s. 6d., with intent to defraud</rs>;
<rs id="t19100308-17-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-17-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-17-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>forging and uttering, knowing the same to be forged, a certain endorsement on an order for the payment of money, to wit, a banker's cheque for £1 8s., with intent to defraud</rs>.</p>
<p>Mr. Moore prosecuted.</p>
<p>Sentence
<rs id="t19100308-17-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-17-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-17-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-19100308 t19100308-17-punishment-14"/>(for attempting to obtain), Six months' imprisonment; </rs>,
<rs id="t19100308-17-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-17-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-17-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-19100308 t19100308-17-punishment-15"/>(for the forgery) Six months, hard labour; to run concurrently</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100308-18">
<interp inst="t19100308-18" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100308"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-18" type="date" value="19100308"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100308-18-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-19100308 t19100308-18-offence-1 t19100308-18-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100308-18-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-19100308 t19100308-18-offence-2 t19100308-18-verdict-2"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-18-19100308" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-18-19100308" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19100308" type="age" value="60"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19100308" type="surname" value="GOODWAY"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19100308" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19100308" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GOODWAY</hi>, George (60, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19100308-18-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-18-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-18-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19100308-18-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-18-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-18-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, of stealing one case containing 18 dozen razor strops, the goods of the
<persName id="t19100308-name-79" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-79" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-18-offence-1 t19100308-name-79"/>Anglo-American Trading Company, Limited</persName> </rs>; he also confessed to having been convicted of felony at Chelmsford Quarter Sessions on July 13, 1898, in the name of
<persName id="t19100308-name-80">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-80" type="surname" value="CARR"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-80" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>Samuel Carr</persName>.</p>
<p>Prisoner pleaded Not guilty of
<rs id="t19100308-18-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-18-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-18-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="habitualCriminal"/>being a habitual criminal</rs>.</p>
<p>Detective
<hi rend="smallCaps">ARTHUR THORP</hi>, City. I served the notice (produced) of this charge on prisoner on February 25. Thirty-five years ago prisoner was convicted at Surrey Sessions. The notice charges three previous convictions in 1885, 1895, and 1908. When I served the notice prisoner said he had been working for Mr. Dixon in the Borough, whose address he gave me. I have seen Dixon. He states he has no knowledge of prisoner and, being an invalid, he cannot attend. Prisoner also stated he had lived at 9, Stower Street, Bow—that is occupied by Boardman's piano factory. He has not reported to the police since he was released on ticket-of-leave on October last. During the last 35 years the longest period he has been out of prison is four years. So far as I can learn he has done no honest work since he has been last released.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-81" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-81" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-81" type="surname" value="COOK"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-81" type="given" value="FREDRICK"/>FREDRICK COOK</persName> </hi>, principal warder at Brixton Prison. I have known prisoner for some years. On December 9, 1895, I was present at this court when he was sentenced to 18 months, hard labour for stealing a horse, van, and goods, value £160, in the name of George Russell. On June 28, 1875, he had 12 months' hard labour for stealing a purse of money at the Surrey Sessions in the name of Frederick Cook; on April 3, 1877, he was sentenced to seven years, penal servitude at Surrey Sessions for possession of house breaking implements in the name of Frederick Putnam; on December 24, 1884, four months' hard labour at the Mansion House for stealing cotton in the name of Henry Johnson.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN JONES</hi>. I was present at this Court on June 22,1885, when prisoner was sentenced to six years, penal servitude to the name of George Wood. At that time he had been with other men, who hired a cart and drove behind vans abstracting parcels and getting away.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080020"/>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">EDWARD KILMER</hi>, Essex Constabulary. I was pre
<lb/>sent at Chelmsford on July 13, 1898, when prisoner was convicted of receiving horses and horse stealing and sentenced to 14 years' penal servitude on each indictment, to run concurrently.</p>
<p>Prisoner stated that on his release he had joined the Church Army, but they could find no employment for him; they had given him 10s, with which he had bought goods and endeavoured to gain a living by hawking.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19100308-18-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-18-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-18-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Sentence
<rs id="t19100308-18-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-18-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-18-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-19100308 t19100308-18-punishment-16"/>(for the larceny), Three years' penal servitude</rs>;
<rs id="t19100308-18-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-18-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-18-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-19100308 t19100308-18-punishment-17"/>no sentence was passed on the other conviction, the Common Serjeant stating that prisoner was too old to be treated as a habitual criminal</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100308-19">
<interp inst="t19100308-19" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100308"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-19" type="date" value="19100308"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100308-19-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-19-19100308 t19100308-19-offence-1 t19100308-19-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100308-19-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-19-19100308 t19100308-19-offence-1 t19100308-19-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100308-19-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-19-19100308 t19100308-19-offence-1 t19100308-19-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-19-19100308" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-19-19100308" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19100308" type="surname" value="ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19100308" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALLEN</hi>, John (the elder)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-19-19100308" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-19-19100308" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-19-19100308" type="surname" value="ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="def2-19-19100308" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALLEN</hi>, John (the younger)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-19-19100308" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-19-19100308" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-19-19100308" type="surname" value="BARNATO"/>
<interp inst="def3-19-19100308" type="given" value="EZECHIEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BAR
<lb/>NATO</hi>, Ezechiel</persName>
<rs id="t19100308-19-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-19-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-19-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, all conspiring and agreeing together to obtain by false pretences from such of the liege subjects of our Lord the King as should be induced to buy handkerchiefs from them or from the Irish Linen Company of 235, High Holborn, divers sums of money, with intent to defraud; all, in the county of Essex, obtaining by false pre
<lb/>tences from
<persName id="t19100308-name-85" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-85" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-85" type="surname" value="YOUNGSON"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-85" type="given" value="GISELLA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-19-offence-2 t19100308-name-85"/>Gisella Youngson</persName>, 2s. 6d., and in the county of London obtaining from
<persName id="t19100308-name-86" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-86" type="surname" value="PALMER"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-86" type="given" value="ETHELRED LOYAL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-19-offence-2 t19100308-name-86"/>Ethelred Loyal Palmer</persName> 2s. 11d., in each case with intent to defraud; all attempting to obtain by false pretences from
<persName id="t19100308-name-87" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-87" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-87" type="surname" value="DOYLE"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-87" type="given" value="FRANCIS DAVID"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-19-offence-2 t19100308-name-87"/>Francis David Doyle</persName> 1s., from
<persName id="t19100308-name-88" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-88" type="surname" value="HEATH"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-88" type="given" value="HERBERT EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-19-offence-2 t19100308-name-88"/>Herbert Edward Heath</persName> 2s. 6d., from
<persName id="t19100308-name-89" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-89" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-89" type="surname" value="WHYTE"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-89" type="given" value="EDITH M."/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-19-offence-2 t19100308-name-89"/>Edith M. Whyte </persName>and
<persName id="t19100308-name-90" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-90" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-90" type="surname" value="WHYTE"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-90" type="given" value="ROBERT ALGERNON"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-19-offence-2 t19100308-name-90"/>Robert Algernon Whyte</persName> 2s. 6d, from
<persName id="t19100308-name-91" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-91" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-91" type="surname" value="MALONEY"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-91" type="given" value="MADGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-19-offence-2 t19100308-name-91"/>Madge Malony</persName> 2s. 6d., and from
<persName id="t19100308-name-92" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-92" type="surname" value="WHYTE"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-92" type="given" value="ROBERT ALGERNON"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-19-offence-2 t19100308-name-92"/>Robert Algernon Whyte</persName> 9s. 8d., in each case with intent to defraud; all applying to certain cotton handkerchiefs a certain false trade description indicating that the said goods were com
<lb/>posed of Irish linen, that is to say, at West Ham in the county of Essex, to certain cotton handkerchiefs sold to Gisella Youngson, in the county of London to certain cotton handkerchiefs sold to
<persName id="t19100308-name-93" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-93" type="surname" value="HEATH"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-93" type="given" value="HERBERT EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-19-offence-2 t19100308-name-93"/>Herbert Edward Heath</persName>, Ethelred Loyal Palmer and Madge Malony; all selling, exposing for sale, and having in their possession for sale certain goods, to wit, cotton handkerchiefs hereinbefore referred to, to which the aforesaid false trade descriptions had been applied; all conspiring and agreeing together to apply to certain goods, to wit, to certain cotton handker
<lb/>chiefs a certain false trade description, to wit, a description indicating that the said goods were composed of Irish linen.</rs> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t19100308-19-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-19-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-19-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>The prisoners pleaded guilty of conspiring on the first count, which plea was accepted by the prosecution</rs>.</p>
<p>Mr. Muir prosecuted.; Mr. Huntly Jenkins appeared for the pri
<lb/>soners.</p>
<p>It was stated that the elder Allen, the father of Allen the younger, had taken a minor part and had been to a great extent a servant in the business; Barnato was stated to be in very delicate health and to have acted merely as a servant.</p>
<p>Sentence, John Allen the younger,
<rs id="t19100308-19-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-19-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-19-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-19-19100308 t19100308-19-punishment-18"/>Three months' imprisonment</rs>; John Allen the elder,
<rs id="t19100308-19-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-19-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-19-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-19-19100308 t19100308-19-punishment-19"/>One month's imprisonment</rs>; Barnato
<rs id="t19100308-19-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-19-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-19-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-19-19100308 t19100308-19-punishment-20"/>was released on his own recognisances in £20 to come up for judgment if called upon</rs>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080021"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUDGE LUMLEY SMITH</hi>.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, March 9.)</p> </div1>
<p>
<persName id="t19100308-name-94">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-94" type="surname" value="HOUGHTON"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-94" type="given" value="WILLIAM GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HOUGHTON</hi>, William George</persName>, and
<persName id="t19100308-name-95">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-95" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-95" type="surname" value="PARRISH"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-95" type="given" value="FLORENCE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PARRISH</hi>, Florence</persName>, who pleaded guilty at last Sessions, the former of unlawfully possessing counterfeit coins with intent to utter the same, and uttering counter
<lb/>feit coin twice on the same day; the latter of uttering counterfeit coin (see page 499), were brought up for sentence.</p>
<p>Sentences: Houghton, Nine months, hard labour; Parrish was released on her own recognisances in £10 to come up for judgment if called upon.</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100308-21">
<interp inst="t19100308-21" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100308"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-21" type="date" value="19100308"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100308-21-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-19100308 t19100308-21-offence-1 t19100308-21-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100308-21-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-19100308 t19100308-21-offence-2 t19100308-21-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-21-19100308" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-21-19100308" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19100308" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19100308" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19100308" type="given" value="CHARLES HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19100308" type="occupation" value="fireman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DAVIS</hi>, Charles Henry (31, fireman)</persName>
<rs id="t19100308-21-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-21-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-21-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19100308-21-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-21-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-21-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>, of carnally knowing
<persName id="t19100308-name-97" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-97" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-97" type="surname" value="KINGSNORTH"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-97" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-21-offence-1 t19100308-name-97"/>Elizabeth Kingsnorth</persName>, a girl above the age of 13 years and under the age of 16 years, to wit, of the age of 15 years</rs>;
<rs id="t19100308-21-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-21-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-21-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>maliciously wounding
<persName id="t19100308-name-98" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-98" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-98" type="surname" value="TOBIN"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-98" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-21-offence-2 t19100308-name-98"/>Margaret Tobin</persName> </rs>.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19100308-21-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-21-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-21-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-19100308 t19100308-21-punishment-21"/>Six months, hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100308-22">
<interp inst="t19100308-22" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100308"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-22" type="date" value="19100308"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100308-22-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-19100308 t19100308-22-offence-1 t19100308-22-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-22-19100308" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-22-19100308" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19100308" type="age" value="57"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19100308" type="surname" value="VARDY"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19100308" type="given" value="GEORGE WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19100308" type="occupation" value="motor-driver"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">VARDY</hi>, George William (57, motor-driver)</persName>
<rs id="t19100308-22-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-22-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-22-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, having the charge of a certain carriage did by wanton and furious driving cause bodily harm to
<persName id="t19100308-name-100" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-100" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-100" type="surname" value="HOLMES"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-100" type="given" value="MARION"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-100" type="occupation" value="midwife"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-22-offence-1 t19100308-name-100"/>Marion Holmes</persName> and
<persName id="t19100308-name-101" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-101" type="surname" value="LOTT"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-101" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-101" type="occupation" value="cab driver"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-22-offence-1 t19100308-name-101"/>Charles Lott</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Bodkin prosecuted; Mr. Huntly Jenkins defended.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-102" type="surname" value="LOTT"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-102" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES LOTT</persName> </hi>, 17, Weston Street, Stratford. On January; 2, about 2.30 to 3 a.m. last, I had set down a fare at Archway Road, and then picked up Mrs. Holmes, who told me to drive to "The Angel." To get there I had to go up Holloway Road and turn off into Liver
<lb/>pool Road. When I got near the junction of Liverpool and Holloway Roads I went to turn into Liverpool Road. There is a refuge at that junction. I was on the near side. I should not be going more than four or five miles an hour turning the corner. Where I got in front of the obelisk and about to turn the defendants' taxi-cab came from Liverpool Road, escaped the refuge, and ran into my off-wheel, smashing the cab up and throwing me into the road. There was no hooter blown. When I first saw the taxi-cab it was eight or ten yards away. The body of my cab was knocked off the axle. I got up on one leg and fell, then I was drawn by the knees to the side of the road. My ankle-bone was broken. Mrs. Holmes and I were taken to the Great Northern Hospital. The taxi came at a, very rapid pace.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. When I first saw the taxi it was eight or ten yards off. No hooter was blown My cab was hit on the rim of the wheel. My cab was then six or seven feet from the front of the obelisk nearest Holloway Road. The taxi went to the near side of the obelisk. I could not get out of Holloway Road into Liverpool Road without crossing the middle of the road. The distance from the off-side of my cab to the point of the refuge would be six or seven feet.</p>
<p>Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">HORACE MORTIMER</hi> (Y Division) proved a plan, showing. the measurements of the roads.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-103" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-103" type="surname" value="HOLMES"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-103" type="given" value="MARION"/>MRS. MARION HOLMES</persName> </hi>, 34., Richard Street, Islington, midwife. On January 2, at about 2.45 a.m., I was in Lott's cab, going to "The</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080022"/>
<p>Angel. "When we got near Liverpool Road I heard my cabman shouting. I looked out of the window and saw the taxi coming along from Liverpool Road. The next thing was it was into us. I do not remember any more after that. I heard no horn or hooter blown. The taxi seemed to be going a tremendous speed. The next thing I remember is I was half hanging out of the cab, and blood was pouring down my face. The cab was all smashed. I was taken to the hospital with Lott, and later the same day I was taken home. There was plenty of room for the taxi to have got into Holloway Road without running into our cab.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. When I first saw the taxi it was just about the end of Liverpool Road. It was then five or six yards or more away. Our cab was then in the middle of Holloway Road. The horse's head was nearly level with the refuge. I do not think it was quite up to it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-104" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-104" type="surname" value="DUKE"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-104" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK DUKE</persName> </hi>, 32, Elthorpe Road, Drayton Park, coffee stall-keeper. My coffee stall is at the corner of Palmer's Place and Liver-pool Road. In the early morning of January 2 I was standing at my stall and noticed the taxi-cab passing. My assistant also noticed it. My attention was drawn to the speed at which it was travelling. I should say it was about 30 miles an hour. I have never seen a taxi-cab going so fast—After watching it a little while I heard a crash. The road was very quiet at the time. I heard no hooter. I sent my man first of all and then I went down to see what was the matter myself.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I should say the distance I saw the taxi travel was about 70 yards. I only had a casual glance at it, it went past so quick. I could not tell you how long it took to cover the 70 yards, perhaps three or four seconds. There was no other traffic about. I was behind the counter of my stall. I could see about 70 yards. That is a pure guess.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-105" type="surname" value="TIBBS"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-105" type="given" value="HENRY JAMES"/>HENRY JAMES TIBBS</persName> </hi>, 39, St. Clement's Street, Barnsbury, assistant to last witness. I remember seeing the taxi-cab go by in the direction, of Holloway Road. Its speed was very excessive. About a second after it had passed I Heard a crash. I went to see what had caused the sound and found there had been a smash up between a taxi and a hansom.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I was standing at the door of the coffee stall. I observed the taxi for a distance of between 70 and 80 yards. It went by so quick I could not in any way guess the time it took to cover that distance.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-106" type="surname" value="ROBINSON"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-106" type="given" value="GEORGE HEATH"/>GEORGE HEATH ROBINSON</persName> </hi>, 8, Crouch Hill Road. I was with my brother in the defendant's taxi-cab on January 2. We had driven in it to the Great Eastern Hotel, Liverpool Street. We got there about 1.35 a.m. We asked defendant to call back again in 20 minutes. He said he would wait. Then someone came up and wanted defendant to take him to Brixton. We agreed to that and defendant came back and took us from the hotel at about 2.40 towards Crouch End. We went along Liverpool Road. I noticed nothing about the speed of the taxi until we were turning into Holloway Road. I remarked to my brother that it was going very quickly. We were on the left-hand side of</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080023"/>
<p>Liverpool Road, as far as I can remember. The windows of the cab were hazy. After making the remark about the speed the next thing I noticed was the two lights of the hansom cab through the right-hand front window of the taxi. The next thing was the crash. Immediately I saw the lights our cab swerved to the right. I looked at the tracks after the accident and noticed we were on the correct side of the refuge, perhaps a few inches from the tram line; I would not like to say definitely which side of the tram line. I think we were running on the tram lines. The crash came almost simultaneously with my seeing the lights of the hansom. I cannot remember hearing the hooter sounded. After the collision I got out of the taxi and saw the smashed up hansom cab. Our driver got off his seat. The driver of the hansom was on the ground. The nurse was in the smashed-up cab. I was there when the police officer came. I did not speak to him. We waited till the officer began taking evidence from the coffee-stall keepers and other people who were not present. I withdraw that. The officers were very busy taking evidence from people who were in the street. Immediately we returned home we telephoned to the police and we are here now voluntarily. As far as I can tell the prisoner was sober. I formed that opinion before we got into the cab. We were not in a particular hurry to get home. We gave the driver no refreshments. Before we got into the cab at the Great Eastern Hotel my brother asked him if he had sufficient petrol to drive us home. He said he had, he thought. There was a question about his knowing the way to get to our address. We said we would direct him. He said he knew his way to the "Nag's Head. "I noticed nothing at all peculiar in the way he was driving. He seemed to be driving at a reasonable speed until we got to the junction of Liverpool and Holloway Roads. There was no reason for putting on speed there that I know of.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have come here to tell the Court on oath as accurately as I can what took place. I have absolutely no feeling one way or the other. We hailed prisoner at the Royal Exchange at 1.30. He drove us to the Great Eastern Hotel. As far as I know he then drove carefully and properly. We then discussed his returning for us. He appeared to me to be coherent and sober. We gave him permission to drive to Brixton and come back for us. He appeared to be abso
<lb/>lutely sober when he returned. He drove accurately and carefully until we got to Holloway Road. That is the only spot where I thought he was driving at a slightly excessive speed. I believe in changing speed the car sometimes swerves. I did not notice that prisoner was much upset after the collision. I heard people speaking to him. I think he was then perfectly sober. He was discussing the tracks. I heard him point out his own position on the road to another taxi driver. He was quite able to walk and stand properly. I did not hear him accused of being drunk by a police officer. At the time of the collision the hansom was about 20 feet from the refuge. I am abso
<lb/>lutely certain the taxi driver took the bend on his near side in the direction in which he was going. He was on his proper side of the refuge.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080024"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-107" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-107" type="surname" value="ROBINSON"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-107" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES ROBINSON</persName> </hi>, 69, Glaslyn Road, Crouch End, confirmed the evidence of last witness.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK ANDERS</hi>, 804 Y. I was on duty at 3 a.m. on January 2. Hearing a police whistle I went to the junction of Holloway and Liverpool Roads. I saw the hansom cab driver and Mrs. Holmes. The defendant was standing on one side. Lott said, "I think I have broken my leg." I attended to him and Mrs. Holmes, put them on a vehicle and sent them to the Great Northern Hospital. I saw prisoner was drunk and took him to the station. The divisional surgeon was called. Prisoner was charged. He said, "I am not drunk." I did not see the Robinsons there; they had gone.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The station is about 10 minutes' walk from where the accident took place. I asked prisoner for his license. He produced it at once. He appeared to half know what he was talking about. He gave his name and address. He seemed to know all of it. He did lot seem greatly distressed. By the appearance of his face I should say he was drunk. Looking at him now I do not think he has a glassy stare in his eye. I do not think his eyes are bloodshot. He had a glassy stare that night and bloodshot eyes.</p>
<p>Dr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROBERT JAMES HARBINSON</hi>, 44, St. James's Road, Holloway, divi
<lb/>sional surgeon. I saw prisoner at Caledonian Road police station about 3.15 a.m. on January 2. I examined him and had a conversation with him. I made him walk up and down. I looked at his eyes and came to the conclusion that he was drunk. I asked him if he had had anything to drink. He denied having had anything. I said to him, "Now, be careful." After he said, "Little of anything," I said, "You have been drinking four ale, bitter, beer, or stout." Afterwards he admitted having about four glasses of beer.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The station sergeant, in the presence of the pri
<lb/>soner, told me what I was brought there for. One of the symptoms of drunkenness is the state of the eyes in conjunction with other symptoms. The condition of a person's eyes is not exactly symptomatic. His eyes were conjested and bloodshot. I should not be surprised to find a man's eyes in that condition if he had been driving a car in the streets of London the whole day and the greater part of the night. His pulse was full and bounding. I asked him to walk along the line. He was on his feet when I got there. He was not being held up. I do not think the knowledge that on his walking might depend a serious criminal charge would have the effect of making a man unsteady in his gait. He was unsteady in his gait—staggering. I said, "You have not walked along that line straight." He said which line was it? I pointed it out again. He went up and down again. He staggered again. If this man had been drinking I would not expect it necessarily to have been apparent half an hour before. It might have been apparent an hour or an hour and a half before. It might not have been apparent to anybody. If a man had only had four glasses of beer over the whole day the last one being at 12 p.m., I might have expected him to be in that condition.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080025"/>
<p>Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE MILLER</hi>, 109 Y. I got to the scene of the accident before prisoner was taken into custody. In my opinion he was drunk. I asked last witness if he had noticed condition of the prisoner. He said yes.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I said to prisoner, "In my opinion you have had too much drink." He said, "l am not drunk." He said it forcibly, as much as to say, "How dare you made such a suggestion?" The officer took him to the station in the ordinary way, holding him with one hand by the sleeve.</p>
<p>Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">FRANK BUTLER</hi>. I was on duty when Police-constable Anders brought prisoner to the station. He said why he had brought him. Prisoner said nothing to that. He staggered very much as he was being brought in. His breath smelt of drink. I told him to sit down and that I should call a doctor. He made no reply to the charge. From the appearance of the man I had no doubt as to his condition.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. When the charge was read over he made no reply to me. A statement was taken from me by the solicitor to the prose
<lb/>cution. He said in my hearing, "I am not drunk. "He did not seem particularly upset.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-108" type="surname" value="VARDY"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-108" type="given" value="GEORGE WILLIAM"/>GEORGE WILLIAM VARDY</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on-oath). Saturday, January 1, was the first time I went out with a licensed taxi for the purpose of hire. For ten years previously to that I had been a horse cab driver. The only charges ever brought against me were one for not having my badge and the other for loitering. On the day of the accident I was up at six o'clock in the morning; I took my cab out from the garage in Pan
<lb/>cras Road about 10 a.m. Between then and dinner time I had two half-pints of four ale. With my dinner I drank tea. At seven o'clock I had my tea. I had no drinks whatever between dinner and tea. Between tea time and closing time I had two half-pints of four ale. A little after 12 I took a fare from Paddington to Brook Green. From there I came back to Piccadilly. There I got a fare to Bishopsgate Street. I had no drink with me. At the Royal Exchange I picked up the two Mr. Robinsons and a friend and drove them to the Great Eastern Hotel. They wanted me to call back in 20 minutes. I said I had better wait. Another gentleman wanted me to go to Brixton. The Robinsons were agreeable to wait an hour or hour and half for me. I went first to Lamb Street, Spitalfields, and then on to Brixton. I came back to Kennington and was going to have a cup of coffee at a stall when a friend of mine caught sight of me and spoke. I invited him to have a cup of coffee. I said, "You will excuse me, I cannot stay; I have got to get back to the Great Eastern Hotel and pick up another job." I picked up the Robinsons at 2.30 to 2.45. I negotiated every
<lb/>thing accurately till the accident occurred. As to the pace I was going up Liverpool Road, of course it is on the incline the whole distance. You could not go the length of Liverpool Road by taxi at one pace. You would have to keep picking up speed. I should think I was going</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080026"/>
<p>12 to 14 miles an hour at the most; that is fast. When I got within 20 or 30 yards of the junction of Liverpool and Holloway Roads I slowed down to change my speed from top to second speed and sounded my hooter three times. I should have to slightly accelerate to pick up my speed again. I did not notice the hansom till we were very close together. It was then very close to the refuge; the horse was well past the refuge. He did not go round the refuge. He came in the near side of the refuge on his off side. He was coming down the Holloway Road so much on his off side that he hid the view of himself till we both got on the corner. My off side wheel struck his off side wheel. I ren
<lb/>dered first aid to the hansom driver. He was the first person I spoke to. I blamed him for causing the accident. I said, "You had no business on that side of the refuge at all. I wanted to call the police
<lb/>man's attention at once to the track of my car, but he was so busy taking notes and dispatching the injured people off that he would not entertain what I wanted to draw his attention to. There was a lot of confusion at the time. I remember what the doctor said to me. I was told to stand up; I was sitting when he came in. He said, "What have you been drinking?" I said, "Very little of any
<lb/>thing." e told me to walk along those lines, they were 4 1/2 in. floor boards, and come back again. I did that. He said, "Do it again." He looked at me, and he was so doubtful he did not know what con
<lb/>clusion to come to. He said, "Do it again." I did it three times. He looked at my eyes. They are naturally red and bloodshot. Then he felt my pulse. I said, "Doctor, there is nothing the matter with me, only shock." The charge of drunkenness was a more severe shock to me than the accident really.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I had six months' tuition with these Fiat cabs, and the last month I was doing the taxi test with the police. The top speed of my cab at the very most would be 13, 14, or 15 miles an hour. On the second speed it would go almost as fast, but you would be con
<lb/>suming more petrol and would not ride so silent. I left Kennington Gate about half past two. When I got to the Great Eastern Hotel it would be more like 2.45 than 2.35. I should be a better judge of the time than Mr. Robinson. At Kennington I had a penny cup of coffee. I did not want anything to eat. I did not have to wait at the Great Eastern Hotel; the porter was at the door watching. A very small part of the Liverpool Road is level. It rises nearly all the way. It is pretty level at Holloway Road. The road was free from traffic. We passed one or two vehicles. I do not go faster if I have the road to myself. Where there are no crossing roads I may take an ad
<lb/>vantage then. I was not going 25 miles an hour at Palmer's Place. I was going as fast as the car would go. Lott was coming down Holloway Road so much on his off-side that he hid the view of himself. When I first saw the lights of the cab there was not time to avoid the collision. I should think I was with the doctor five minutes before he said I was drunk. The doctor did not say I had had stout, bitter, or mild ale. He said, "Are you a teetotaler?" I said, "No." He said, "What have you had to drink?" I said, "Very little of any
<lb/>thing"</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080027"/>
<p>The constable whose attention I tried to draw to the tracks of my car was Anders.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. STOCKER</hi>. I have known prisoner about 12 years. He drove for me when I was a cab proprietor. I have always found him a thoroughly honest, respectable, and sober man. I never saw him in my natural under the influence of drink.</p>
<p>(Thursday, March 10.)</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19100308-22-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-22-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-22-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MR. JUSTICE BRAY</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, March 10.)</p> </div1>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-23-19100308" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-23-19100308" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19100308" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19100308" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19100308" type="given" value="DAISY"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19100308" type="occupation" value="masseuse"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAMS</hi>, Daisy (32, masseuse)</persName>
<rs id="t19100308-23-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-23-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-23-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="illegalAbortion"/>, feloniously using a certain in
<lb/>strument and means with intent to procure the miscarriage of
<persName id="t19100308-name-110" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-110" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-110" type="surname" value="THORBY"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-110" type="given" value="CONSTANCE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-23-offence-1 t19100308-name-110"/>Con
<lb/>stance Thorby</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Muir and Mr. W. H. H. Thorne prosecuted; Mr. Marshall Hall, K. C., and Mr. Huntly Jenkins defended.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19100308-23-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-23-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-23-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19100308-24" type="date" value="19100308"/>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-24-19100308" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-24-19100308" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19100308" type="age" value="47"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19100308" type="surname" value="BYFORD"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19100308" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19100308" type="occupation" value="carman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BYFORD</hi>, James (47, carman)</persName>
<rs id="t19100308-24-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-24-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-24-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>, was charged on the Coroner's in
<lb/>quisition with the manslaughter of
<persName id="t19100308-name-112" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-112" type="surname" value="MANDALL"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-112" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-24-offence-1 t19100308-name-112"/>Charles Mandall</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t19100308-24-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-24-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-24-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>The grand jury having thrown out the Bill for manslaughter, the prosecution offered no evidence on the inquisitor, and a verdict of Not guilty was returned.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE RECORDER</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, March 10.)</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19100308-25" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100308"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-25" type="date" value="19100308"/>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-25-19100308" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-25-19100308" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19100308" type="age" value="53"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19100308" type="surname" value="COATES"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19100308" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19100308" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COATES</hi>, Daniel (53, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19100308-25-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-25-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-25-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, stealing one gun case, stealing one gun case containing one gun, the goods of the Midland Railway Com
<lb/>pany, and feloniously receiving the same; stealing one gun case con
<lb/>taining two guns, the goods of the London and North-Western Rail
<lb/>way Company, and feloniously receiving the same.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. J. P. Grain prosecuted; Mr. David White defended.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-114" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-114" type="surname" value="MENZIES"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-114" type="given" value="JOHN ROSS"/>JOHN ROSS MENZIES</persName> </hi>, Darn Hall, Peebleshire. On December 29 I arrived at Euston Station at 11.40 p.m. to catch the 11.50 train to Edinburgh. A porter took charge of my luggage, amongst which was the gun case, containing gun produced and bearing my initials, "J. R. M." On my arrival at Edinburgh it was missing.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-115" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-115" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-115" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES HARRIS</persName> </hi>, manager to Greaves's Executors, pawnbrokers, 262, Mile End Road. I have known prisoner by the name of Lewis for five or six years as a frequent customer. On the evening of Decem
<lb/>ber 28 prisoner brought the gun and gun case into my shop and offered</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080028"/>
<p>it in pledge, stating that it belonged to a gentleman named "J. R. Mersom," who was sailing for Buenos Ayres in a few days, but who was temporarily in want of money. Prisoner asked me to lend him £20, but I am not a good judge of guns and I offered him £10, which he accepted.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have always thought prisoner pawned things for boarders who were staying at his sister's lodging house in Burdett Road, but I should not regard him as what is known as a professional pawner.</p>
<p>Detective
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE</hi>, Scotland Yard, said that he arrested prisoner in Mile End Road on another charge on January 7 and afterwards charged him with the present offence. He replied, "I was never at the railway station."</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-116" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-116" type="surname" value="COATES"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-116" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>DANIEL COATES</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I have never been in trouble before and was employed for nearly 20 years by Walsh and Company, surgical instrument makers, but had to leave because I was laid up so frequently. About four or five years ago I went to live in Burdett Road with a Mrs. Berryman, who lets furnished apartments, and I have frequently pawned valuable articles for people who lodged with her. Some time ago I made the acquaintance of several young men who appeared well-to-do, at the "Black Boy" public house, Mile End Road, and on the day in question I saw them there. They asked me to pawn the case for them for £20. I took it to Mr. Harris, who lent me £10, which I took back to the "Black Boy" and handed over, receiving half-a-crown for my trouble.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I thought it was all straightforward.</p>
<p>Witnesses were called as to character.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19100308-25-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-25-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-25-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, March 10.)</p> </div1>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-26-19100308" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-26-19100308" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19100308" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19100308" type="surname" value="POLLARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19100308" type="given" value="DAISY ETHEL"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19100308" type="occupation" value="servant"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">POLLARD</hi>, Daisy Ethel (19, servant)</persName>
<rs id="t19100308-26-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-26-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-26-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19100308-26-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-26-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-26-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="concealingABirth"/>, of endeavour
<lb/>ing to conceal the birth of her male child.</rs> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t19100308-26-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-26-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-19100308 t19100308-26-punishment-22"/>Prisoner was released on the recognisances of herself and her mother, Elizabeth Pollard, in £10 each, to come up for judgment if called upon</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="def1-27-19100308" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-27-19100308" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19100308" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19100308" type="surname" value="LINDER"/>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">LINDER</hi>, Israel (42, greengrocer)</persName>
<rs id="t19100308-27-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-27-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-27-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, uttering and having in his pos
<lb/>session counterfeit coin; uttering counterfeit coin twice within 10 days.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Pickersgill, M. P., prosecuted; Mr. L. S. Green defended.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-119" type="surname" value="FRANKLIN"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-119" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM FRANKLIN</persName> </hi>, Steeple Morden, Royston, Cambs., and Covent Garden Market, market gardener. I have known prisoner for several years and as a customer at my stall for two or three years. On Feb
<lb/>ruary</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080029"/>
<p>17 be bought 72 bags, one hundredweight each, of Middlings potatoes at 2s. a bag, paying me £1 deposit with a half sovereign and four half-crowns (produced). I put the half-crowns in my pocket—I had only one sixpence in silver at the time. Five minutes afterwards he stated that he could not take the whole of the potatoes, but would take £5 worth and paid four sovereigns in gold. A short time after
<lb/>wards I tendered the four half-crowns to the collector of dues when I found they were bad. I went to Bow Street police station. Ser
<lb/>geant Crutchett brought the prisoner to me and I charged him with passing the four bad coins.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have known prisoner as regularly attending Covent Garden Market for a number of years. I have had a number of transactions with him, and always found him straight in his dealings. A man purchasing like prisoner would usually give a deposit. I did not ask him to give me the second half-sovereign in silver. I thought the four half-crowns were good when I received them; I did not carefully examine them.</p>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">A. CRUTCHETT</hi>, E Division. On February 17 Franklin handed me four bad half-crowns (produced), which I marked "A. C." I went with Detective Warner to Covent Garden, and found prisoner in Tavistock Street with a costermonger's barrow. I asked him if his name was Linder. He said "Yes." I said we were police officers, and asked him to come back to Franklin's store with us. The prisoner accompanied us there, when Franklin said, "That is the man who gave me the bad half-crowns this morning," and related what had occurred. I told the prisoner I should take him into custody, and he would be charged with possessing four counterfeit half-crowns and with uttering the four simultaneously. Prisoner shrugged his shoulders. I said, "Do you understand what I said?" He said, "Yes, I understand." I found he could speak English very well. I took him to the station, and Franklin again related what had happened to the inspector. Prisoner, in answer, said, "He say what he likes. I no have them; they not mine." Prisoner was charged. I searched him and found £2 10s. in gold, 18s. in silver, including five half-crowns and 11d. in bronze, good money. On February 22 I received three other counterfeit florins (produced) from James Edmonds, which I marked "A. C. X." On March 1 I charged pri
<lb/>soner with having uttered the three to James Edmonds; he made no reply to the charge.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I got a report from Franklin at 8.15 to 8.20 a.m., and immediately found the prisoner; prisoner denied the charge. He said to the solicitor at the court, "He say what he likes. I no have them." Prisoner has been nine or ten years in England, and I know of no charge against him. He gave me a correct name and address. I visited his residence, made a search of his two rooms, and found nothing incriminating with reference to this or any other matter. He is a greengrocer, and regularly attends Covent Garden and other markets. I found no coin at his house. His wife said he had all the money with him.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080030"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-120" type="surname" value="EDMONDS"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-120" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES EDMONDS</persName> </hi>, Plant House, Maidstone, and Covent Garden Market, market gardener. I have known prisoner as a customer for a month or six weeks. On February 15 he bought two bags of onions for 10s., paying me with four half-crowns, which I put in my pocket with other silver. Shortly afterwards the Duke of Bedford's collector demanded market tolls from me, and I paid him in silver. He re
<lb/>turned about 20 minutes afterwards, and brought me back bad half-crown (produced). I then noticed I had two bad half-crowns amongst my silver similar to the one brought back. A few days afterwards I gave the three half-crowns to Sergeant Crutchett.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I had had no previous dealing with the prisoner that I am aware of. It is not unusual to be paid in silver. Prisoner came to me about about 7 a.m.; I had been there since 5 a.m., and had taken other money. The collector called on me about a quarter or half an hour after prisoner had made the purchase. I may have taken other silver in the interval.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-121" type="surname" value="PEACOCK"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-121" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK PEACOCK</persName> </hi>, Belfont Lane, Feltham, and Covent Garden Market. I have known prisoner as a customer for about 12 months. In August he had a transaction with me, and gave me a light half-crown, which I thought bad, and he took it back. Presswell, my young man, was with me, and he advised me not to take it. Prisoner then gave me two shillings and sixpence. In September, 1908, he bought some pears, paying me with eight half-crowns and some small silver. As I was counting the money I said to him, "That is light," referring to a half-crown. I then took about five or ten shillings more from him in small silver, and put the money in my pocket. When I got home, it being Saturday, the money was taken upstairs, and my wife gave my servant five shillings in two half-crowns to purchase a pair of shoes. She brought me the two half-crowns back. I rang them on the table and found they were very light. I then examined the silver and found a third bad half-crown. On the following Tuesday I took the three to prisoner and said, "You had given me three bad half-crowns on Saturday." Prisoner smiled, and took the coins. He either gave me good money for them or they were deducted from an amount due to him for returned empties.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have known prisoner for about 12 months, and have had dealings with him nearly every morning during last summer. I knew his name. I had doubt of the first half-crown before Press
<lb/>well examined it. The Saturday on which I received the three half-crowns was market day. I had not taken very much silver besides that from the prisoner; the bulk of my money was gold. I would not swear that the three half-crowns came from the prisoner. I swear to two of them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-122" type="surname" value="PRESSWELL"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-122" type="given" value="JULIUS"/>JULIUS PRESSWELL</persName> </hi>, 37, Clarence Street, Somers Town, porter, Covent Garden Market. In August last Peacock showed me a half-crown he had received from the prisoner; I said it was bad. I rubbed it; it was smooth and sticky and light in weight.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I am not an expert, but I can tell a good coin from a bad one. The coin rang well. I did not try to bend it—I had</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080031"/>
<p>not it in my hand long enough. The whole transaction lasted about 10 minutes. I am sure it was a bad half-crown.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-123" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-123" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-123" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>, His Majesty's Mint. The four half-crowns marked "A. C." and three half-crowns marked "A. C. X." are counterfeit. Two marked "A. C." and three marked "A. C. X." are dated 1899 and are from the same mould. The other two marked "A. C." are dated 1895 and 1901. The greasiness of a coin is a test, but it is not a decisive one.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. A coin may have been greased and rubbing it would make it appear shiny. Two half-crowns may be of the same date and made from different moulds. I can tell whether coins are made from the same mould. The last few years an enormous number of bad half-crowns have been circulated in the East End of London. These coins are good imitations and might deceive a man who was not an expert.</p>
<p>Re-examined. A light coin is certain to be bad.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-124" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-124" type="surname" value="LINDER"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-124" type="given" value="ISRAEL"/>ISRAEL LINDER</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I live at 17, Clark Street, Stepney, and keep a greengrocer's shop and sell things retail and also wholesale to small shopkeepers. I have attended at Covent Garden Market for nine or 10 years, having been in England 11 years. No charge has ever been brought against me in this or any other country. I have been at Clark Street six or seven years. I attend at Covent Garden every morning in the summer time and Tuesdays, Thursday, and Fridays in the winter time and buy goods. I receive a good deal of silver from my customers and pay for the goods in silver. On Feb
<lb/>ruary 17 I bought 72 bags of potatoes from Franklin and paid him 10s. in silver as a deposit. He said the deposit was too small and I then gave him a half-sovereign, making £1. I then went to buy other foods and returned half an hour afterwards to Franklin and bought a box of apples, for which I paid him 7s. 6d. An hour afterwards I returned to him and said I had not enough money to take the whole of the potatoes—that I would take £5 worth and paid him £4 in gold. The four half-crowns I had received from my customers; I had no idea they were bad. When arrested I had five good half-crowns in the same pocket from which I had taken the four bad ones. I gave my name and address to Crutchett. I know Peacock and have dealt with him for some time. In September I bought pears from him. I do not remember paying him eight half-crowns. He never spoke to me about three bad half-crowns and I never paid or allowed him 7s. 6d. for them. I remember on a previous occasion a conversation about a half-crown which I had paid him—it was a new one and Peacock said he did not like new half-crowns, so I took it back and gave him other silver; that half-crown was not bad. On Feb
<lb/>ruary 15 I bought onions for 10s. from Edmonds; I do not remember what money I paid him—it was in silver, which I took from my pocket; it might be half-crowns or not—it was money I had received from my customers; I had no idea it was bad.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080032"/>
<p>Cross-examined. After paying Franklin I did not receive silver from anybody. Peacock did not give me back three half-crowns in Septem
<lb/>ber—he never spoke to me about them. I never deducted the value.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I have done business with Peacock for three, four, or five years, generally daily through the springtime in green stuff, occa
<lb/>sionally in August and September.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-125" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-125" type="surname" value="WOLFE"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-125" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN WOLFE</persName> </hi>, 15, Lamb Street, Spitalfields Market, wholesale fruit merchant. I have known prisoner eight years, have had frequent deal
<lb/>ings with him; he bears a reputation of a respectable, honest man.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19100308-27-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-27-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-27-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100308-28">
<interp inst="t19100308-28" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100308"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-28" type="date" value="19100308"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100308-28-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28-19100308 t19100308-28-offence-1 t19100308-28-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-28-19100308" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-28-19100308" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19100308" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19100308" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19100308" type="given" value="WALTER HAROLD"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19100308" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SMITH</hi>, Walter Harold (25, clerk)</persName>
<rs id="t19100308-28-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-28-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-28-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19100308-28-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-28-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-28-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, of stealing a quantity of type and printing material and divers moneys, the goods and moneys of the
<persName id="t19100308-name-127" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-127" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-28-offence-1 t19100308-name-127"/>Austin Letter Foundry, Limited</persName>, his employers.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner was stated to have been of previous good character, but to have appropriated money in 50 cases amounting to £150 from his employers.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19100308-28-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-28-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-28-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28-19100308 t19100308-28-punishment-23"/>Nine months' imprisonment</rs>;
<rs id="t19100308-28-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-28-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-28-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28-19100308 t19100308-28-punishment-24"/>an order for restitution was made</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100308-29">
<interp inst="t19100308-29" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100308"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-29" type="date" value="19100308"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100308-29-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-29-19100308 t19100308-29-offence-1 t19100308-29-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100308-29-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-29-19100308 t19100308-29-offence-1 t19100308-29-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-29-19100308" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-29-19100308" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19100308" type="age" value="43"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19100308" type="surname" value="RUSSELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19100308" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19100308" type="occupation" value="traveller"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RUSSELL</hi>, George (43, traveller)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-29-19100308" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-29-19100308" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-29-19100308" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def2-29-19100308" type="surname" value="SINCLAIR"/>
<interp inst="def2-29-19100308" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="def2-29-19100308" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SINCLAIR</hi>, Edward (27, labourer),</persName>
<rs id="t19100308-29-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-29-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-29-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> both uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Pickersgill, M. P., prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-130" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-130" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-130" type="surname" value="BURTON"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-130" type="given" value="ALICE"/>ALICE BURTON</persName> </hi>, barmaid, "Castle" public house, 81, Holloway Road. On February 23 prisoners entered my bar, called for 2d. worth of whisky and a pony of bitter, amounting to 3d. Russell handed me counterfeit 2s. piece (produced). I tested it with acid; it went black. I handed it to Mr. Perry, my employer.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-131" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-131" type="surname" value="PERRY"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-131" type="given" value="HAY WILLIAM"/>HAY WILLIAM PERRY</persName> </hi>, licensee, "Castle" public house. On February 23 at 10.20 p.m. Alice Burton made a communication to me and handed me florin produced. I took it to the prisoners, who were in the bar, and asked them why they tendered it. They said, "What is the matter with it?" I said, "You know as well as I do it is a counterfeit. "Sinclair said, "Oh, he has got some money," and pulled out 1s. 7d. He said, "He would not have given it to you if he had known it had been bad," and paid for the two drinks with the shilling. I said, "Having had so much counterfeit coin offered to us lately I have been to the police and they have told me what to do. Unless you can answer questions satisfactorily I shall send for the police. "They said, "You do not want to do that, governor." I asked them where they worked. They said they were racing men, that they lived at Shoreditch. I told my son to fetch a policeman at once. They then both bolted. My son caught Russell; Sinclair bolted down a turning and found himself in a cul de sac called Crane Grove. After running 300 or 400 yards I caught him.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Russell. I did not say I had taken five bad coins on the previous Saturday in a quarter of an hour—I said I had had five tendered.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-132" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-132" type="surname" value="PERRY"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-132" type="given" value="HARRY HEBER"/>HARRY HEBER PERRY</persName> </hi>, son of the last witness. On February 23 my father told me to go for a constable. Directly I left the bar I saw</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080033"/>
<p>the two prisoners running and caught Russell about 50 yards off. My father brought Sinclair in and the constable arrived.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE CATTOW</hi>, 149 N. On February 23 at 10.30 p.m. I heard cries of "Police," saw the two prisoners running away, and they were caught by the last two witnesses. I took Russell into custody. He said, "I will go quiet." I took him to the station, searched him, and found upon him nine shillings, 19 sixpences, and 3s. 5 1/2 d. in bronze, good money. On the following morning at 7 a.m. I went with another officer to Crane Grove and searched. In the garden of No. 1a I found counterfeit florin produced.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALFRED BUGDEN</hi>, 172 N. On February 23 at about 10.30 I was in Holloway Road, when I heard a whistle blown and saw several people running towards Crane Grove. Sinclair was caught by the landlord of the "Castle" and I took him into custody. He said, "Let me go—I have done nothing." I searched him at the station and found upon him 2s., good money. The next morning at 7.15 I saw Police-constable Cattow pick up a two shilling-piece from the garden of No. 1a, Crane Grove.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-133" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-133" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-133" type="surname" value="STOUT"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-133" type="given" value="FRANCES"/>FRANCES STOUT</persName> </hi>, barmaid at the "George and Vulture" public house, High Road, Tottenham. On January 21 at 6.30 p.m. Russell came into my bar and called for 2d. worth of whisky, tendering a florin in payment. I took it to the till, put some acid on it; it turned black. I called my employer and handed the coin to him. My employer jumped over the bar, detained Russell and called a constable. Russell was afterwards released.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-134" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-134" type="surname" value="CARSBURG"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-134" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS CARSBURG</persName> </hi>, licensee "George and Vulture." On January 21 the last witness handed me a bad florin (produced). I said to Russell, who was in the bar, "Where did you get this from?" He said, "Up the road." I said, "What do you mean, up the road?" He said, "Up at Enfield." I said, "What are you?" He said, "A traveller." I said, "A traveller in what?" He said, "Anything." I said, "I have had enough of this," and sent for a constable. Police-constable Houtchin came, and I handed the coin to him.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Russell had no chance of running away. I was round the door in front of him.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOE HOUTCHIN</hi>, 473 N. On January 21, at 6.30 p.m., I was called to the "George and Vulture," and saw Carsburg and the prisoner. Carsburg said, "This man has tendered me a bad two-shilling piece." I said to prisoner, "Have you got any more about you?" He said, "No, that is all." I asked him a few questions, and as I was not satisfied with what he said I searched him and found 1s. in silver and 1d. bronze, good money. I told him I was not satisfied with his statements, and should take him to the police-station, where he was subsequently charged, and made no reply. He was afterwards discharged at the police court.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-135" type="surname" value="EGGLETON"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-135" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST EGGLETON</persName> </hi>, barman, "Star and Garter," 26, Sloane Square. On January 25, at about 8.15 p.m., Sinclair came into my bar and called for two pennyworth of port wine hot, saying he wanted it quickly as he was in a hurry. I served him, and he tendered in pay
<lb/>ment</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080034"/>
<p>florin (produced). I tested it, and told him it was bad. Sinclair said, "Do not say that," and wanted to exchange it for another two-shilling piece, which was brand new and good. I asked him where he got the coin from. He said he borrowed it from the "World's End" public-house, King's Road. I then asked his name. He gave the name of Smith, and the address 96, Norman Road, Ley
<lb/>tonstone. I sent for a constable. I gave the coin to the manager, who handed it to the constable. The "World's End" is about half a mile from my public-house.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE ROGERS</hi>, 316 B. On January 25, at 8.15 p.m., I was called to the "Star and Garter," and saw prisoner Sinclair, the barman, and the manager. The barman said, "This man has entered the bar and tendered in payment of two pennyworth of port wine a two-shilling piece, which I find is bad. "I asked the pri
<lb/>soner how he came in possession of the coin. He said, "I borrowed it from the manager of the 'World's End' public-house. "I searched the prisoner, found nothing upon him, and took him to the station. He there said, "I borrowed it from the barman, not the manager, of the 'World's End' public-house. "I made inquiries at the "World's End" public-house, returned to the station, and told the prisoner I had seen the manager and barman at the "World's End," and they both denied having lent him any money. He made no reply. He was subsequently charged at Westminster Police Court, where he was eventually discharged.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-136" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-136" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>, H. M. Mint. The four florins produced are counterfeit. Exhibit one (the subject of the indictment) and ex
<lb/>hibit three (tendered at the "George and Vulture") are from the same mould. They are all about the average make.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-137" type="surname" value="RUSSELL"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-137" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE RUSSELL</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). On Wednesday, February 23, I came out at 11 a.m. and went to my club at Shoreditch, and stayed there from 12 to 4 p.m. I then went to High gate, where I had an appointment, arriving there at 5 p.m., and coming back down the Holloway Road I met Sinclair. I told him I had had a bit of luck at the club, and asked him to have a drink. We had sundry drinks together. I then asked him to have some tea, and we had tea. I afterwards went with him to the Holloway Empire, where we had sundry drinks, and came out at 9 p.m. We had a few more drinks coming up the Holloway Road, till we came to the "Castle," and he said, "Let us come and have one more here." I called for a pony of bitter and a whiskey, and pulled out the first coin in my pocket, which happened to be this two-shilling piece. The young lady took it to the governor, brought it back to me broken, and said it was a bad one. I said if I had known it to be bad I would not have given it to the young lady. The landlord said, "There is too much of this stuff about now. I took five on Saturday night in a quarter of an hour." With that he sent for the police, and having been in trouble before for that reason I ran away.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080035"/>
<p>Cross-examined. When I was searched there was found upon me nine shillings, 19 sixpences, and 3s. 5 1/2 d. in bronze. I had been gambling all the morning at my club from 12 to 4 p.m.; that is how I obtained so much change. It was not got by changing counterfeit coins. My club is the Goodwin Club in Kingsland Road, just before you get to the railway arch on the left-hand side. I have no one from the club here. I cannot account for the florin tendered at the "George and Vulture" on January 21 coming from the same mould as that tendered at the "Castle."</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19100308-29-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-29-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-29-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Convictions proved against Russell: North London Police Court, September 23, 1907, stealing of fowl from outside a shop, fined 5s. or five days; November 30, 1907, stealing a glass from a public house, three months' hard labour; at Marylebone, February 12, 1908, steal
<lb/>ing bacon from a shop, three months' hard labour; at Guildhall, Octo
<lb/>ber 7, 1908, loitering, three months' hard labour. Against Sinclair: On April 21, 1908, at West London Police Court, one month's hard labour for larceny from a person; August 29, 1908, Marylebone, 11 weeks' hard labour for stealing a trunk; January, 1909, Marylebone, three months for stealing a coat. He was charged at this Court on November 16 with uttering a counterfeit half-crown, when the Grand Jury ignored the bill. Then followed the discharge at Westminster Police Court in February, 1910, for uttering.</p>
<p>Sentence (both),
<rs id="t19100308-29-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-29-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-29-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-29-19100308 t19100308-29-punishment-25"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-29-19100308 t19100308-29-punishment-25"/>10 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100308-30">
<interp inst="t19100308-30" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100308"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-30" type="date" value="19100308"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100308-30-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-19100308 t19100308-30-offence-1 t19100308-30-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-30-19100308" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-30-19100308" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19100308" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19100308" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19100308" type="given" value="JENKYN"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19100308" type="occupation" value="nurse"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JONES</hi>, Jenkyn (40, nurse)</persName>, breaking and entering St. Faith's Church, Herne Hill, and stealing therein 2d., the moneys of
<persName id="t19100308-name-139" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-139" type="surname" value="ALSOP"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-139" type="given" value="WALTER"/>Walter Alsop</persName> and others;
<rs id="t19100308-30-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-30-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-30-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>stealing a candlestick, the goods of
<persName id="t19100308-name-140" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-140" type="surname" value="HALLIDAY"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-140" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-30-offence-1 t19100308-name-140"/>James Halliday</persName> </rs>.</p>
<p>Mr. Morris prosecuted.</p>
<p>Prisoner was tried on the second indictment.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES MARSH</hi>, 618 P. On February 11, about 2 p.m., I was in Goose Green, when I saw prisoner leave the gate leading from St. John's Church. Noticing that he was carrying something under his coat, I followed and stopped him, and asked what he had under his coat. He replied, "A lamp," and, pulling back his coat, produced this candlestick. I asked him where he had got it. He said, "Out of the church." I took him into custody and took him to the station, where I searched him and found upon him a pair of goloshes, two pairs of gloves, a screwdriver, and a chisel. I charged him with stealing the candlestick. He made no reply.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-141" type="surname" value="HALLIDAY"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-141" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES HALLIDAY</persName> </hi>, Verger of St. John's Church, East Dulwich. The church is always left open during the day. The candlestick produced is kept on the altar in the side chapel. On February 11, at 1.55 p.m., on leaving the church before going home, I left everything right. I returned some time afterwards and missed this candlestick from the altar in the side chapel. Nothing had been broken; the candlestick was not fixed to the table and I know nothing about the gloves or goloshes found on the prisoner.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080036"/>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-142" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-142" type="given" value="JENKYN"/>JENKYN JONES</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I was asked to take this candle-stick to East Dulwich Grove by a clergyman coming in at the door of the church. As I was going out, he asked if I would take something down to East Dulwich Grove. I replied "Yes." He then went into the church and brought out the candlestick (produced). It being misty and raining, I put it under my coat and set off to East Dulwich Grove, when I was apprehended.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not know the clergyman nor he me. He told me the candlestick was to be taken to Southwark Union Workhouse and I was to wait there for him. The clergyman did not bring the candlestick out under his coat. I did not tell the constable it was a lamp. I went into the church for a rest. I did rest there. The clergyman did not see me in the church. He was coming into the church as I came out.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19100308-30-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-30-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-30-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Prisoner, when asked if he was convicted for felony at Thames Police Court on April 1, 1908, in the name of
<persName id="t19100308-name-143">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-143" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-143" type="given" value="JOHN"/>John Johnson</persName>, said, "No, it's a b—lie."</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">SIDNEY GRAHAM</hi>. I produce certificate of the Clerk of the Peace for the City of London, Thames Police Court, dated April 1, 1908, showing that John Johnson was charged with having on March 25, 1908, feloniously stolen 1 lb. of bacon, value 11d., the pro
<lb/>perty of S. Randall, and that he was convicted and sentenced to one month's hard labour. I was present and identified the prisoner as the man convicted. (Prisoner. "You are a liar—so he is.")</p>
<p>Prisoner declined to give evidence or to address the jury.</p>
<p>Other convictions proved: May 6, 1907, Salisbury Petty Sessions, 2 and 14 days' hard labour, consecutive, for stealing boots and milk; December 9, 1907, Guildhall, three months' hard labour for being found in a church with intent to commit a felony; April 1, 1908, Thames Police Court, one month for stealing bacon; May 10, 1908, South London Sessions, six months' hard labour, for attempting to steal a contribution box; January 19, 1909, North London, 12 months' hard labour for attempting to steal from a church.</p>
<p>Sentence.
<rs id="t19100308-30-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-30-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-30-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-19100308 t19100308-30-punishment-26"/>15 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100308-31">
<interp inst="t19100308-31" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100308"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-31" type="date" value="19100308"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100308-31-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-31-19100308 t19100308-31-offence-1 t19100308-31-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-31-19100308" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-31-19100308" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19100308" type="age" value="54"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19100308" type="surname" value="DICKS"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19100308" type="given" value="CLARENCE"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19100308" type="occupation" value=""/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DICKS</hi>, Clarence (54)</persName>
<rs id="t19100308-31-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-31-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-31-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, forging and uttering, well knowing the same to be forged, a certain order for the payment of money, to wit, a banker's cheque for £5, with intent to defraud; obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t19100308-name-145" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-145" type="surname" value="MACPHERSON"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-145" type="given" value="HECTOR"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-31-offence-1 t19100308-name-145"/>Hector Macpherson</persName> £4 19s. 2d., with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Eldridge prosecuted; Mr. J. L. Macpherson appeared for pri
<lb/>soner.</p>
<p>Prisoner
<rs id="t19100308-31-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-31-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-31-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>pleaded guilty of the uttering, which plea was accepted by the prosecution</rs>.</p>
<p>Sentence postponed.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080037"/>
<p>(Saturday, March 12.)</p>
<p>Prisoner was stated to have been in a good position and to have made an assignment of all his property to his wife, which was now being contested in the Court of Chancery. Other cases of the improper obtaining of goods were mentioned, which the Common Serjeant stated he did not deal with.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19100308-31-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-31-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-31-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-31-19100308 t19100308-31-punishment-27"/>Three months' imprisonment, second division</rs>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUDGE LUMLEY SMITH</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, March 10.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100308-32">
<interp inst="t19100308-32" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100308"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-32" type="date" value="19100308"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100308-32-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-32-19100308 t19100308-32-offence-1 t19100308-32-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100308-32-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-32-19100308 t19100308-32-offence-2 t19100308-32-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100308-32-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-32-19100308 t19100308-32-offence-1 t19100308-32-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100308-32-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-32-19100308 t19100308-32-offence-3 t19100308-32-verdict-2"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-32-19100308" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-32-19100308" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19100308" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19100308" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19100308" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19100308" type="occupation" value="fitter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BROWN</hi>, George (29, fitter)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-32-19100308" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-32-19100308" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-32-19100308" type="age" value="49"/>
<interp inst="def2-32-19100308" type="surname" value="MCCARTHY"/>
<interp inst="def2-32-19100308" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def2-32-19100308" type="occupation" value="stonemason"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">McCARTHY</hi>, Thomas (49, stone
<lb/>mason)</persName>
<rs id="t19100308-32-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-32-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-32-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, both breaking and entering the shop of
<persName id="t19100308-name-148" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-148" type="surname" value="HALFORD"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-148" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-32-offence-1 t19100308-name-148"/>William John Hal
<lb/>ford</persName> and stealing therein one card case and one watch chain, his goods; both were unlawfully found by night having in their posses
<lb/>sion, without lawful excuse, certain implements of house-breaking</rs>; Brown
<rs id="t19100308-32-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-32-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-32-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pervertingJustice"/>unlawfully assaulting
<persName id="t19100308-name-149" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-149" type="surname" value="JOBSON"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-149" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-149" type="occupation" value="peace officer"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-32-offence-2 t19100308-name-149"/>Robert Jobson</persName>, a peace officer, in the execution of his duty, and assaulting him, and thereby causing and occasioning actual bodily harm to him</rs>.</p>
<p>Brown
<rs id="t19100308-32-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-32-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-32-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Mr. Henry Hurrell prosecuted.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOBSON</hi>, 238 C. On January 3, about 10.45 p.m., I was at Tabernacle Alley, Fenchurch Street. I heard a blow on a window as though with an iron instrument. I went to the end of the court with Police-constable Crook. I said to him, "That window is broken." At the same time I saw prisoner Brown withdrawing his light hand from the window. McCarthy was standing with his back to Brown, facing West. There was not a foot between them. McCarthy turned round and saw us. He said something to Brown and they both left. Brown was running, McCarthy was walking, in the same direction. When I got to the window I saw it was broken. There was a hole big enough for a man's hand to pass in. I ran after Brown. He struggled when I got hold of him. As he ran he threw away this pair of wire clippers and this lady's gold card-case. I did not see him throw away a jemmy. A gold and platinum fob chain was brought in by Police-constable Eagles before the charge was taken. Police-constable Ambrose brought in the jemmy. At the station McCarthy said he did not see how we could connect him with the case, as he had nothing on him.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by prisoner. I found nothing on you. I did not see you throw anything away or tamper with the window. You said at the Mansion House when you passed Brown you heard a slight noise and turned and looked, and said, "Hallo, what are you doing?" I arrested Brown about 134, Fenchurch Street. You were arrested before I caught Brown. I have no idea how far away Brown was when you were arrested. I should say where you were would be on</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080038"/>
<p>the right road from Aldgate to Blackfriars Road. From 129 to 134, Fenchurch Street is ten or 15 yards. At the Mansion House I said it was six yards. I had a conversation with Brown in the cell. He said, "I am going to plead guilty, but I do not know the other man." I did not see another fellow standing on the kerb at Tabernacle Alley.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">ELI CROOK</hi>, 268 C. I was with last witness in Tabernacle Alley. I heard the noise as of a blow on a window. I went to the end of the alley by Fenchurch Street and from what last witness said I looked to the right and saw prisoner Brown withdraw his right hand from a hole in the window at 129, Fenchurch Street. I saw McCarthy standing with his back to Brown close to him. He turned in our direction and said something apparently. Brown ran away, McCarthy walked. I arrested McCarthy. I saw Brown struggling with last witness. I went to his assistance. I held Brown by the collar with my other hand. Other assistance arrived and we secured prisoners.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not see you pass Tabernacle Alley. I should think you were about six yards from the broken window when I arrested you. You said, "What is this for? I have not done anything." I don't remember you saying, "I was going home to Blackfriars." At the station you said something about living at Blackfriars. You resisted and I caught your collar. At the Mansion House you asked me if you resisted and I said, "Slightly, not to a great extent." I did not see you turn out of the alley or tamper with the window or throw any
<lb/>thing away. Nothing was found on you at the police station. At the Mansion House you said you heard the noise and turned and looked and said, "Hallo, what are you doing?" I have reason to doubt the truth of that. You had your back towards Tabernacle Alley. At the Police Court you said you looked over your right shoulder and said to Brown, "What are you doing here?" As a matter of fact, you were standing in this direction (indicating).</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN AMBROSE</hi>, 83 C. About 10.55 on the 3rd I went to Fenchurch Street and searched. In the door of 134 I found this jemmy on the ground.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">HARRY EAGLES</hi>, 79 C. At 10.45 on the 3rd I went to Fenchurch Street and found this gold fob chain lying in the road
<lb/>way opposite 134. When I took it to the station Brown and McCarthy were there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-150" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-150" type="surname" value="JEFFREY"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-150" type="given" value="WILLIAM ROBERT"/>WILLIAM ROBERT JEFFREY</persName> </hi>, foreman, Halford and Son, 129, Fen-church Street. I identify these things as our property. When I came to unlock the premises on January 4 I found the constable in charge and the window broken. There was a hole almost large enough for a man to put his head in.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-151" type="surname" value="MCCARTHY"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-151" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS MCCARTHY</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). On the night of my arrest I left Aldgate about 20 past 10. I was proceeding through Fenchurch Street on the right-hand side, intending to cross London Bridge to</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080039"/>
<p>Milford Street, Blackfriars, where I was living. I passed Taber
<lb/>nacle Alley. I saw the two constables there; of course, I took no notice of them. When I reached 129 I saw prisoner Brown standing against the window. There was another man standing on the kerb a few yards away. After I had passed Brown about two or three yards I heard a slight noise. I turned and looked over my right shoulder and said, "Hallo, what are you doing?" I saw that he had some
<lb/>thing in his hand, a stick or a piece of iron. I could not say what it was. I passed on my way. A minute or so afterwards he ran by me; Police-constable Jobson ran after him. I still walked on, when Police-constable Crook came up and arrested me. I said to him, "What is the matter? Why do you arrest me?" I have not done anything; I have not interfered with anything; I am going home." He said, "You must come to the station." When I got to the station I told the officer that took the charge my name and address, and I told him the same thing. I was not with Brown and there was no com
<lb/>plicity on my part whatever. I neither aided nor abetted the prisoner. I did not speak to him any words beyond what I have said.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Did I know this man Brown before? I cannot answer that question; I will write it for you if you like. I may answer it in one way that I do not know the man personally, but I have seen him before, and I will write and tell you where I have seen him if you like. I have not been in his company or in public houses with him or anything of that. I recognised him when he was at the window. That is what made me turn round and" say, "Hallo, what are you doing?" and walk away. I had been to a public house at the top of Middlesex Street to see Mr. Parker, a fish salesman, trying to get him to introduce me to Billingsgate as a carrier. I know where Brown lives, because I heard him give his address, Rowton House, White
<lb/>chapel Road.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19100308-32-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-32-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-32-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-152" type="surname" value="MCCARTHY"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-152" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS MCCARTHY</persName> </hi> was then indicted
<rs id="t19100308-32-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-32-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-32-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="habitualCriminal"/>for that he was a habitual criminal</rs>.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19100308-32-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-32-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-32-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Sentences: Brown,
<rs id="t19100308-32-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-32-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-32-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-32-19100308 t19100308-32-punishment-28"/>Two years' penal servitude on the first and second counts</rs>,
<rs id="t19100308-32-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-32-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-32-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-32-19100308 t19100308-32-punishment-29"/>One month's hard labour for the assault, to run concurrently</rs>; McCarthy,
<rs id="t19100308-32-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-32-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-32-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-32-19100308 t19100308-32-punishment-30"/>Three years' penal servitude</rs>
<rs id="t19100308-32-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-32-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-32-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="preventiveDetention"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-32-19100308 t19100308-32-punishment-31"/>and five years' preventive detention</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100308-33">
<interp inst="t19100308-33" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100308"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-33" type="date" value="19100308"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100308-33-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-19100308 t19100308-33-offence-1 t19100308-33-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-33-19100308" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-33-19100308" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19100308" type="age" value="56"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19100308" type="surname" value="CHIVERS"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19100308" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19100308" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHIVERS</hi>, Walter (56, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19100308-33-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-33-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-33-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assaultWithIntent"/>, attempting to carnally know
<persName id="t19100308-name-154" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-154" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-154" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-154" type="given" value="SELINA SARAH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-33-offence-1 t19100308-name-154"/>Selina Sarah Roberts</persName>, a girl under the age of 13 years, to wit, of the age of three years.</rs> </p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19100308-33-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-33-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-33-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>Guilty of indecent assault</rs>.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19100308-33-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-33-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-33-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-19100308 t19100308-33-punishment-32"/>Five months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100308-34">
<interp inst="t19100308-34" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100308"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-34" type="date" value="19100308"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100308-34-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-34-19100308 t19100308-34-offence-1 t19100308-34-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-34-19100308" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-34-19100308" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19100308" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19100308" type="surname" value="BURKE"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19100308" type="given" value="WILLIAM HOWARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19100308" type="occupation" value="traveller"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BURKE</hi>, William Howard (34, traveller)</persName>
<rs id="t19100308-34-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-34-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-34-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, attempting to obtain by false pretences from
<persName id="t19100308-name-156" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-156" type="surname" value="BERRY"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-156" type="given" value="ROBERT OVEREND"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-34-offence-1 t19100308-name-156"/>Robert Overend Berry</persName> a certain valuable security, to wit, a banker's cheque for £20, with intent to defraud; obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t19100308-name-157" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-157" type="surname" value="MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-157" type="given" value="HAROLD WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-34-offence-1 t19100308-name-157"/>Harold William Martin</persName> a certain valuable security, to wit, a banker's cheque for 6s., and from
<persName id="t19100308-name-158" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-158" type="surname" value="ROSS"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-158" type="given" value="CHARLES WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-34-offence-1 t19100308-name-158"/>Charles William Ross</persName> 10s., in each case with intent to defraud</rs>.</p>
<p>Mr. Muir prosecuted.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080040"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-159" type="surname" value="BERRY"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-159" type="given" value="ROBERT OVEREND"/>ROBERT OVEREND BERRY</persName> </hi>, manager to Fisher, Renwick and Company, steamship owners, London and Manchester. On December 16 de
<lb/>fendant called for payment of an account for an advertisement in a directory. I paid it. In January he called again for payment for another directory, and presented a form of receipt, "7, Bishopsgate Street Without, received of Fisher, Renwick and Company the sum of £20 for trade insertions in the 'Commercial Directory,' etc." signed William Burke. I did not pay him. I said I should have to get a cheque for it. I told him to call again. He called again. I told him the cheque was not ready. He then telephoned me (I recognised him by his voice) asking whether the cheque was ready. That is the only time I have ever been applied to by telephone for a cheque in my life. Exhibit 13 is a receipt for a cheque for £17 10s. which I paid him for trade insertions in the "Shipping Trades' Index." He signed the receipt "William Burke, for the City of London Publishing Com
<lb/>pany."</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I said I would forward the cheque to your private address if you gave it, but you never did. I did not know that the firm I paid you the £20 for was the same as that I paid the £17 10s. to. I found afterwards this was a bogus directory. I have not seen the advertisement and not seen the directory.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-160" type="surname" value="ROSS"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-160" type="given" value="CHARLES WILLIAM"/>CHARLES WILLIAM ROSS</persName> </hi>, clerk to John H. Osborne, 4, Lloyd's Avenue, E. C. On February 12 last prisoner called to collect 10s. due on the insertion in the London Directory. I paid him, believing he was authorised to collect. The following Saturday week I saw him as he was entering the Guildhall. I recognised him. He signed the receipt "J. W. Jones." I did not see him sign it. It was un
<lb/>signed when he brought it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-161" type="surname" value="RAPER"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-161" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER RAPER</persName> </hi>, cashier, City of London Publishing Company, Limited. The prisoner is not one of our collectors. He is not autho
<lb/>rised to collect for the company. I believe he has made collections for an agent of ours. I cannot tell you to whom exhibit No 3 was issued, but it was not prisoner. He had no authority to give the receipt for £17 10s., signed W. Burke. Another man had authority to receive it.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. We publish the "Commercial Directory." I do not think there is an advertisement in it for Fisher; Renwick. There is an advertisement of theirs in the "Shipping Index." We received the £17 10s. which you collected for the "Shipping Index" through our agent, Mr. Wade. I was not aware you called on the people. (Pri
<lb/>soner called for the production of the two directories, which were not in Court.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-162" type="surname" value="EATON"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-162" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST EATON</persName> </hi>, manager, London Directory Company, Limited, 25, Abchurch Lane, E. C. Prisoner has never been employed by our com
<lb/>pany. He had no right to be in possession of the receipt forms Exhibits 8 and 12. I do not know the handwriting. J. W. Jones is not an</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080041"/>
<p>authorised collector. No one has ever accounted to us for the sum of 10s.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. As far as I know, it is not customary amongst can
<lb/>vassers representing different directories for one man to try to get an order for another. I have heard of such things being done by can
<lb/>vassers. They have been locked up.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-163" type="surname" value="MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-163" type="given" value="HAROLD WILLIAM"/>HAROLD WILLIAM MARTIN</persName> </hi>, cashier, General Produce Company, Limited, 58, West Smithfield. On February 21 prisoner called on us for a renewal of the name and address of the firm in the "Trades' Direc
<lb/>tory of London and the Provinces," and asked for the sum of 6s. for the insertion, which he said was due. I thought I had previously given an order for that directory, and not having cash I gave him a cheque. He said he was an agent for that directory. He gave me this receipt, "Longmans Bros., Dashwood House. Representative, J. W. Brooks." We have never had any name and address inserted in that directory.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I can swear you are the man who received that cheque. I had no assistance in identifying you. I have heard since that somebody from our office failed to identify you.</p>
<p>Inspector
<hi rend="smallCaps">FRANK HALLAM</hi>, City Police. On February 25 last I was in Fleet Street with last witness. He pointed prisoner out to me. I said to prisoner, "This gentleman identifies you as being the man who on the 21st called on the London Produce Company and gave a cheque for 6s. for a bogus directory. "I said I had a warrant for his arrest and took him to the station. I read the warrant to him there. He said, "I know nothing at all about it. He was placed among nine other men. A man named Read, from the office of last witness, came to see if he could identify him and failed to do so. I have been unable to find that there is any such directory. There is no firm of Longmans Bros. at Dashwood House.</p>
<p>Detective-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">HARRIS</hi>, City Police. On February 22 I found Exhibit No. 1 in the possession of another man charged with a similar offence. I searched the accused when he was brought to the station. I found on him the receipt for £20, signed William Burke. I went to the address he gave me, 14, Clarence Square, and found Exhibits 5 to 11.</p>
<p>Prisoner declined to give evidence in the box, and addressed the jury from the dock.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19100308-34-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-34-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-34-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MR. JUSTICE BRAY</hi>.</p>
<p>(Friday, March 11.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100308-35">
<interp inst="t19100308-35" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100308"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-35" type="date" value="19100308"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100308-35-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-35-19100308 t19100308-35-offence-1 t19100308-35-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-35-19100308" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-35-19100308" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19100308" type="age" value="60"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19100308" type="surname" value="HORNER"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19100308" type="given" value="FRED"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19100308" type="occupation" value="journalist"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HORNER</hi>, Fred (60, journalist)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t19100308-35-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-35-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-35-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> (under 47 and 48 Vic, c. 76, s. 11) for unlawfully forging certain telegrams and uttering same knowing them to be forged, and attempting to forge a certain telegram, and attempting to utter same knowing it to be forged.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080042"/>
<p>Mr. C. F. Gill, K. C., and Mr. Muir prosecuted; Mr. George Elliott, K.C., Mr. Frampton, and Mr. L. Freadman defended.</p>
<p>The telegrams the subject of the indictment were despatched under these circumstances. In the course of the General Election in January, 1910, Mr. Lloyd George, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, visited the West of, England. On January 9 the editor of the (London) "Daily Mail" received from Penzance this telegram: "Travelled accidentally same train as Lloyd George to Falmouth. Am wiring im
<lb/>portant message from here, as Post Office closed Falmouth. Wire whether using.—
<hi rend="smallCaps">KIRBY</hi>, Riviera Palace, Penzance." A certain Walter Kirby being well known to the "Daily Mail" as a contributor, it was assumed in the office that this telegram came from him. The editor telegraphed in reply: "Will use, presuming absolutely accurate and exclusive." A further wire was received: "Yes, absolutely accurate and exclusive.—
<hi rend="smallCaps">KIRBY."</hi> Upon this the "Daily Mail" accepted a long telegram from "Walter Kirby," giving an account of Mr. Lloyd George's arrival at Falmouth, of the abandonment of a torchlight procession in his honour in consequence of the fury of the electors, of Mr. Lloyd George being assailed by cries of "Coward" and "Traitor," and of his arms being seized by two constables, by whom, followed by a posse of police, he was escorted to a motor-car waiting outside the railway station. This telegram being published in the "Daily Mail," a com
<lb/>munication was received from Mr. Lloyd George, whereupon the "Daily Mail" wired to "Kirby" at Penzance: "Lloyd George tele
<lb/>graphs your account hostile reception untrue. He was enthusiastically received by huge crowd. Please reply." The reply received was: "Lloyd George platform wrigglings last night futile and simply terminological inexactitudes. Facts as wired Sunday. Police in
<lb/>formation re procession given by police themselves. Other details seen and heard by myself and hundreds others. Can vouch hotel managed by foreigners.—
<hi rend="smallCaps">KIRBY."</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-165" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-165" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-165" type="surname" value="HOLLAMBY"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-165" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK F. HOLLAMBY</persName> </hi>, clerk in the accountant's office, G. P. O., pro
<lb/>duced the originals of the telegrams.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-166" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-166" type="surname" value="REBURN"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-166" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN REBURN</persName> </hi>, manager, National Press Agency, Whitefriars Street, said that he had known defendant for 25 years, and was acquainted with his handwriting. The telegrams produced were, he believed, in the handwriting of the defendant.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-167" type="surname" value="SAUNDERS"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-167" type="given" value="EDWIN ALFRED"/>EDWIN ALFRED SAUNDERS</persName> </hi>, proprietor of the Riviera Palace Hotel, Penzance, said that defendant stayed at his hotel on January 9; he showed witness draft of the news telegram to the "Daily Mail." Witness asked him why he had signed it "Kirby." Defendant replied, "They would not accept it in my name." Witness understood that to mean that the "Daily Mail" would not receive anything from de
<lb/>fendant because of his journalistic competition with them on the Continent.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I knew defendant's London address. Had inquires been made of me as to the "Kirby" telegrams, I should have been able to refer any one to defendant's London address.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-168" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-168" type="surname" value="KIRBY"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-168" type="given" value="WALTER GEORGE"/>WALTER GEORGE KIRBY</persName> </hi>. I am a journalist of some 30 years' standing. I have contributed to the "Daily Mail," principally on</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080043"/>
<p>yachting matters. On January 9 I was at home at Streatham; I know nothing of the telegrams in this case.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have never contributed any political matter to the "Daily Mail." I do not know that defendant knows me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-169" type="surname" value="MACPHERSON"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-169" type="given" value="FENTON"/>FENTON MACPHERSON</persName> </hi>, news editor of the "Daily Mail," deposed that he received the first telegram, and, assuming that the "copy" came from "Walter Kirby," a name well known to the paper, he passed the telegram for insertion.</p>
<p>Inspector
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN COLLISON</hi>, City Police. I kept observation on 3, Curzon Street, for the purpose of serving the summons in this case. At 1.45 I saw defendant enter 3, Curzon Street. I said to him: "Mr. Horner, I am an inspector of the City Police. I have a sum
<lb/>mons to serve upon you that was issued at Mansion House Court this morning, charging you with the forging and uttering of tele
<lb/>grams purporting to come from a man named Kirby addressed to the 'Daily Mail.' "I then handed the summons to him. He made no reply. Mrs. Horner then rushed up and placed herself between. Mr. Horner and myself and snatched the summons from his hand. Mr. Horner immediately ran upstairs.</p>
<p>Mr. George Elliott submitted that there was no case to go to the jury. The sting of the prosecution was that the "Daily Mail" had been misled into printing false news. The main telegram had not been shown to be false; it was not a forged telegram (under the Post Office Act) in the sense of being a false instrument. It was not sufficient to show merely that the telegram purported to come from somebody by whom it was not sent; there must be intent to deceive. (R. v. Martin, L. R., 5 Q. B. D., C. C. R., p. 34; R. v. Whyte, 5 Cox's C.C., p. 220.) If the truth of the main telegram were put in issue, the defence was quite prepared to meet it.</p>
<p>Mr. Gill: The offence consists in sending the telegram in the forged name. If it is established that the persons receiving the telegram relied upon its having come from a particular individual whose name they were prepared to act upon, and that they did act upon it, the offence contemplated by the statute is made out. Intent to deceive is sufficient, without intent to defraud. (Ex parte Wickham, 10 "Times" L. R., p. 226.)</p>
<p>Mr. Justice Bray ruled that the case must go to the jury. He was of opinion that it was not essential for the prosecution to put in issue the truth of the main telegram. This, however, was arguable, and the prosecution must elect whether they would or would not give evidence upon the point. Mr. Elliott, having challenged the issue, could not be heard afterwards to say that such evidence was wrongly admitted. (Mr. Elliott assented.)</p>
<p>Mr. Gill said he would call his evidence.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-170" type="surname" value="GRAHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-170" type="given" value="WM"/>WM. S. GRAHAM</persName> </hi>, Bishop's Stortford. I am private secretary to Sir John Barker, who was Liberal candidate for Falmouth at the last election. Mr. Lloyd George was going to speak at Falmouth on Monday, January 10; it had been arranged that he should travel down on January 8 and break the journey at Penryn, a few miles from Falmouth, and be escorted into Falmouth by a torchlight pro
<lb/>cession. On January 8 I was told that Mr. Lloyd George was feeling too tired to take part in the procession, and I at once telegraphed to the local people to say that the arrangement must be abandoned. On January 10 I travelled in the same train with Mr. Lloyd George from Truro to Falmouth. At Falmouth Major Mead, the chairman of the Liberal Association, took Mr. Lloyd George's arm, and Mr. Lloyd George's secretary and I walked on the other side, the Chief</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080044"/>
<p>Constable following. We walked 600 yards to the motor-car, and went to the hotel. Mr. Lloyd George was received in a most enthu
<lb/>siastic way, the people cheering. There was not the slightest founda
<lb/>tion for the statements in the telegram to the "Daily Mail."</p>
<p>In cross-examination there were put to witness the statements in the main telegram, and the heads of the evidence presently given for the defence; witness persisted that the reception of Mr. Lloyd George at Penryn and at Falmouth was enthusiastically favourable rather than hostile.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-171" type="surname" value="ANDREWS"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-171" type="given" value="CHARLES WESLEY"/>CHARLES WESLEY ANDREWS</persName> </hi>, granite proprietor; Mayor of Penryn. On the day of Mr. Lloyd George's proposed visit to Falmouth there was great excitement among the granite workers and others. Some were favourable to Mr. Lloyd George and others otherwise. I had heard that there was to be a demonstration against Mr. Lloyd George, and I told the Chief Constable. I thought that if Mr. Lloyd George's visit to Falmouth could be prevented it would be a blessing, because I was afraid some injury might occur in consequence of the excite
<lb/>ment. The Chief Constable said that he had placed the full responsi
<lb/>bility on Major Mead, the chairman of the Liberal Association.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-172" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-172" type="surname" value="HENDERSON"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-172" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT H. S. HENDERSON</persName> </hi>, mining engineer, Truro. I was present at Falmouth Station when Mr. Lloyd George arrived; there were thousands of people outside. There were many cries in favour of the Unionist, but very few for the Liberal. The demonstration was dis
<lb/>tinctly in favour of the Unionist up to the arrival of the Chancellor. When Mr. Lloyd George made his appearance there was a certain amount of cheering and hooting, and cries which I could not dis
<lb/>tinguish. Then there were various cries, "Up, Goldman!" "Good
<lb/>bye, Levi!" "Remember Birmingham!" and "Traitor!" and there were many others. Half a dozen police came out with the Chancellor when he left the station, and when he drove away three followed be
<lb/>hind the motor-car.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-173" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-173" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-173" type="surname" value="TRUDGEON"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-173" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY TRUDGEON</persName> </hi>, confectioner, Penryn. Party feeling ran very strong on the announcement of the Chancellor's visit, and it was generally felt that if the proposed demonstration could be avoided it would be a great boon to the town, as it was feared that bodily harm might be done to Mr. Lloyd George.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-174" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-174" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-174" type="surname" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-174" type="given" value="CECIL"/>CECIL G. RICHARD</persName> </hi>, corn merchant, Penryn, who was on the Fal
<lb/>mouth Station platform on Mr. Lloyd George's arrival, spoke to hearing "cheers, hooting, and 'boo'-ing." The Chancellor's motor
<lb/>car was "surrounded by police."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-175" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-175" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-175" type="surname" value="MAY"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-175" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD MAY</persName> </hi>, retired hotel proprietor, Penryn, said that the feeling at Penryn was very bitter, and on his train stopping at Penryn Station, where there was a big crowd, there was a hostile demonstra
<lb/>tion.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-176" type="surname" value="COLLETT"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-176" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR COLLETT</persName> </hi>, one of the borough auditors of Penryn, said that when Mr. Lloyd George passed along the platform at Falmouth two</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080045"/>
<p>policemen walked behind him. In the crowd outside there was a mixture of cheers and "boos."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-177" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-177" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK HARRIS</persName> </hi>, hairdresser, Penryn, said there was much feeling about the torchlight demonstration, and he heard about a proposed counter-demonstration. He heard they were going to put a traction engine across the road, to upset Mr. Lloyd George, he pre
<lb/>sumed; also that on the route from Penryn to Falmouth men were going to line the hedges and throw flour and rotten eggs on the Chancellor.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I cannot give the name of any person who was going to organise the counter-demonstration; I am only speaking to the general talk.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-178" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-178" type="surname" value="YOUNG"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-178" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR M. YOUNG</persName> </hi>, author and journalist, 3, Rose Hill, Ramsgate. I have known defendant about 15 years. From 1897 to 1905, while he was proprietor and editor of the "Whitehall Review," I acted as sub-editor. On several occasions the "copy" sent to me by de
<lb/>fendant for insertion in the paper was sent to me in the name of "Kirby."</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I can suggest no reason why defendant should have sent me copy in the name of "Kirby." On reading of the police-court proceedings in this case I myself communicated with defendant; I had not seen him previously for five years. I am now "on the London press generally." I write for different papers, always in my own name.</p>
<p>To Mr. Justice Bray. Defendant's communications were sometimes sent to me as from "Kirby," not "Walter Kirby." I do not re
<lb/>member any Christian name.</p>
<p>Mr. Justice Bray, in summing up, left to the jury two questions: (1) Assuming the law to be that it is only necessary to prove that the (2) name was forged and that the name "Kirby" was used with intent to (3) deceive, do you find the defendant guilty or not guilty? (2) Assuming (4) the law to be that it is further necessary to prove that the facts were (5) substantially untrue, do you further find that they were untrue?</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19100308-35-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-35-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-35-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>on the first question, "Guilty"; on the second, "In the main untrue.</rs>"</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19100308-35-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-35-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-35-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-35-19100308 t19100308-35-punishment-33"/>Six weeks' imprisonment, second division</rs>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Friday, March 11.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100308-36">
<interp inst="t19100308-36" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100308"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-36" type="date" value="19100308"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100308-36-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-36-19100308 t19100308-36-offence-1 t19100308-36-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100308-36-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-36-19100308 t19100308-36-offence-1 t19100308-36-verdict-2"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-36-19100308" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-36-19100308" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19100308" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19100308" type="surname" value="MCCARTHY"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19100308" type="given" value="OWEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19100308" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">McCARTHY</hi>, Owen (25, labourer)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-36-19100308" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-36-19100308" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-36-19100308" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def2-36-19100308" type="surname" value="COUGHLAN"/>
<interp inst="def2-36-19100308" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>
<interp inst="def2-36-19100308" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COUGHLAN</hi>, Michael (22, labourer),</persName>
<rs id="t19100308-36-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-36-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-36-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/> both robbery with violence upon
<persName id="t19100308-name-181" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-181" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-181" type="surname" value="COCKLIN"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-181" type="given" value="ANNORA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-36-offence-1 t19100308-name-181"/>Annora Cocklin</persName> and steal
<lb/>ing from her one gold chain, and other articles, and £65, her goods and moneys.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. W. W. Grantham prosecuted.</p>
<p>Coughlan pleaded guilty of stealing a purse containing £14s. without violence.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080046"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-182" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-182" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-182" type="surname" value="COCKLIN"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-182" type="given" value="ANNORA"/>ANNORA COCKLIN</persName> </hi>, widow. In February I was living in 25, New Gravel Lane, near the Docks. On Wednesday, February 9, I decided to go to Cork by boat, went to the Penny Bank, and drew out £67, which I put in a purse in an under pocket, together with a gold chain gold brooch, and my pension book. I asked Coughlan to carry a bed and two bags to the boat. I knew him as a neighbour and knew his father. The two prisoners took the things and I gave Coughlan 3s. 6d. I left home at four o'clock, went to the "Black Bull," and gave pri
<lb/>soners a half-pint of beer each. I also gave prisoners two sixpences. Annie Barry went with me to the boat—the Lismore. My bedding was taken to the cabin by the prisoners. I then told them to go as I expected some ladies there. Then Coughlan came in to the cabin, knocked me down, strangled me, and very nearly murdered me, cut the strings of my pocket, took my purse with £79 in it, a gold chain, a gold brooch, and pension book. I asked for a policeman and was taken to the station. I did not see McCarthy—Coughlan turned him out of the cabin.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Coughlan took my black purse with 30s. in it, which I had in my hand and from which I gave him the two sixpences.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-183" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-183" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-183" type="surname" value="GRANT"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-183" type="given" value="CHARLES GRAHAM"/>CHARLES GRAHAM GRANT</persName> </hi>, Divisional Surgeon, H Division. On Feb
<lb/>ruary 9, at 11.25 p.m., I saw prosecutrix. She had finger-nail scratches on the left side of the neck. I produce photograph taken in the infirmary showing the marks; she had had a heavy blow on the mouth, which cut the lower lip against the teeth; her pulse was 120 and her condition generally one of shock. I sent her into the infirmary, where she is still under treatment. I think she is practically well now. She certainly must have received great violence and her con
<lb/>dition was consistent with the evidence given by her. I saw her some hours after the event; she was a little dazed with the shock.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-184" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-184" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-184" type="surname" value="BARRY"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-184" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE BARRY</persName> </hi>, 29, New Gravel Lane, dressmaker. Prosecutrix came to stay at my house on February 2. I have known her for some years. I know the prisoners as neighbours. On February 9 I went with her to the Penny Bank, and she drew out £69 14s. 5d. and £2 0s. 1d. on two books; keeping £4 back for expenses, she put the money in a bag and fastened it in a canvas pocket tied round her waist under her clothes. The prisoners at about 12.30 took the bed to the boat. On the way we all went to the "Black Bull" and had a drink, when I left. The prosecutrix came back to my house; had dinner. I went with her to the boat and left her there at about 3.45. At about 4.40 Coughlan asked where prosecutrix was. I said she had gone—I had left her on board the boat with the steward. Another man was out
<lb/>side with him and Coughlan went out and said, "She is on board."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-185" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-185" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-185" type="surname" value="ROSS"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-185" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>MICHAEL ROSS</persName> </hi>, second steward, s.s. Lismore. On February 9, at about 4.30 p.m., I saw prosecutrix with Miss Barry in her cabin. The bell rang and I went to the cabin and saw prosecutrix and McCarthy seated inside. McCarthy said they wanted a light in the cabin. I said the dynamo would start in a few minutes and they would have a light. As I left the cabin McCarthy followed me outside the door and said that the old lady was his grandmother, asked me to look</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080047"/>
<p>after her on the way over as she had plenty of money; that she had a lot of money on her; that she was very mean and would rather starve than pay for any food. I said, All right, I would tell the stewardess when she came to look after her. He then returned towards the cabin and I left. The light was turned on about 10 minutes afterwards. I next saw prosecutrix about 7.30. Her mouth was bloody and she was in a dazed condition. A fortnight afterwards I picked out McCarthy from a number of others at the police station.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I think it was McCarthy I saw in the cabin-not Coughlan. It is quite possible there were two men in the room at the time. I am not quite sure that McCarthy was the one who spoke about her having a lot of money. I have no distinct recollection of seeing anybody else there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-186" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-186" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-186" type="surname" value="GREADON"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-186" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR GREADON</persName> </hi>, deputy steward, s.s. Lismore. On February 9, at about 11 a.m., I saw prosecutrix on board the Lismore with two men, one of whom was Coughlan. They brought two bundles and some beds. One of the men told me it was the old lady who was travelling, but she hadn't then got her ticket; that her husband had died and left her some money; that he was a distant relation. He asked when the boat was starting and I told him. I think it was Coughlan who spoke to me.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES SMITH</hi>, 143 H. On February 10, at 2.40 a.m., I arrested the two prisoners. I told Coughlan he answered the description of a man wanted for a robbery with violence, and that I should take him to the station. He said, "You have made a mis
<lb/>take; my name is McCarthy." McCarthy said nothing. I took them to the station; they were searched. On Coughlan was found a 2s. piece and 3 1/2 d. in bronze. On McCarthy 6d. silver and 4 1/2 d. bronze.</p>
<p>Detective
<hi rend="smallCaps">HENRY DEEMER</hi>, Port of London Police. On February 10, at 1.20 a.m., I received information of a robbery with violence on a steamship. I was with another officer in Prusom Street when I saw the two prisoners and the last witness standing outside Coughlan's house. Smith caught hold of Coughlan and said, "I will take you into custody for highway robbery with violence." After the officer and Coughlan had walked some little distance McCarthy turned to me and said, "Bligh' me, are you going to lock him up for highway robbery with violence? I took the goods on board the ship with him." I touched McCarthy on the arm and told him he would have to come to the police station with me. He said, "Very well, I will come." On the way he said, "We put the goods on board at 12 o'clock; we had a drink with Mrs. Cocklin, and we have not been on board the ship or seen Mrs. Cocklin since." He said he had been with Coughlan all day. The Common Sergeant held that there was no case for McCarthy to answer.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-187" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-187" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-187" type="surname" value="COUGHLAN"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-187" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>MICHAEL COUGHLAN</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I pushed prosecutrix and snatched a purse from her hand containing 24s. 3d., which I took out and threw the purse in the water. When I got outside the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080048"/>
<p>dock I saw McCarthy. He said, "Where have you been?" I said, "Well, I have got 24s." He did not ask me where it came from. We went off the wharf to where a relation of his was lying dead and came home at 1.30 or 2 a.m., when we were arrested.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have known prosecutrix since I was at school—she lived at my father's house until last week. McCarthy and I went to school together, and I have known him ever since. On February 9 prosecutrix asked me to take her bags and bed to the ship; I asked McCarthy to help me, and we took them on a barrow at about 12. She had drawn her money from the bank an hour before, she told me, she did not say how much it was. I told the steward she had plenty of money. At 1 p.m. we took the barrow back. We went with prosecutrix to the "Black Bull" and had a drink, leaving there at 1.55 p.m., and then went to the infirmary to see my brother. At about 5 p.m. I and McCarthy went to Miss Barry's house, 29, New Gravel Lane, and asked where the old lady was. She said she had gone to the boat. When prosecutrix gave me 3s. for taking the things she said, "Come round about five o'clock and I will give you what I promised you." We then went on to the boat, and I asked where the cabin was and saw her there. She said, "You had better go; here is a penny to buy a packet of cigarettes." McCarthy then went out of the cabin. I asked her for what she had promised me—that was the price of a week's work for various jobs I had done for her; she said, "I will be over in three months' time." I then snatched her purse from her hand and pushed her, put my hand on her shoulder, and she fell against the partition. I cannot say how she got the scratches or the mark on her mouth. I never had her pension book, chain, or brooch—I know nothing about them. I was talking about her having a pleasant voyage and the weather and so on. I spoke to the steward about the light, said that she had plenty of money, and asked him to look after her and see she had some food.</p>
<p>Verdict, Coughlan,
<rs id="t19100308-36-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-36-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-36-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty of robbery with violence</rs>; McCarthy,
<rs id="t19100308-36-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-36-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-36-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Coughlan confessed to having been convicted at Thames Police Court on March 28, 1907, receiving eight weeks' hard labour for stealing 14s. from a till; three summary convictions for drunkenness and disorderly conduct were proved.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19100308-36-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-36-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-36-punishment-34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-36-19100308 t19100308-36-punishment-34"/>15 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100308-37">
<interp inst="t19100308-37" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100308"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-37" type="date" value="19100308"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100308-37-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-37-19100308 t19100308-37-offence-1 t19100308-37-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-37-19100308" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-37-19100308" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19100308" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19100308" type="surname" value="JOYCE"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19100308" type="given" value="VICTOR"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19100308" type="occupation" value="traveller"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOYCE</hi>, Victor, otherwise
<rs id="t19100308-alias-3" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-37-19100308 t19100308-alias-3"/> Victor James Dawson </rs>(42, traveller)</persName>
<rs id="t19100308-37-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-37-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-37-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, attempting to obtain by false pretences from
<persName id="t19100308-name-189" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-189" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-189" type="surname" value="OSBORNE"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-189" type="given" value="JOHN HALL"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-189" type="occupation" value="merchant"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-37-offence-1 t19100308-name-189"/>John Hall Osborne</persName> with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Henderson prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-190" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-190" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-190" type="surname" value="OSBORNE"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-190" type="given" value="JOHN HALL"/>JOHN HALL OSBORNE</persName> </hi>, 4, Lloyd's Avenue, E. C., merchant. On February 22, 1910, prisoner called at my office, presented a form (produced) and said that he wanted 30s. for the insertion of my name in Murray's Commercial Directory. Prisoner produced also an
<lb/>other form, agreeing to pay 30s., purporting to be signed "J. N. Os
<lb/>borne per C. M. Ross." My clerk, Ross, brought the two documents in</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080049"/>
<p>to me. I saw the prisoner and asked him what directory it was. He told me "Murray's Commercial Directory." I went into the inner office, where there was a detective who had come to see me on another matter, and charged prisoner with attempting to obtain 30s. for insertion in a bogus directory. I had given no instructions to prisoner to insert my name in any directory. The detective said he was a police officer, and that I was giving prisoner into custody for attempting to obtain 30s. fraudulently. Prisoner was then taken to the station.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I received the papers from my clerk. Prisoner asked me for 30s. He did not say, "This is for correction and re
<lb/>newal." I did not say, "There are no corrections to make." I asked my clerk, "Is this your writing?"; I do not remember what he said. I have signed orders for the insertion of my name in other directories. I told prisoner I would look up some receipts and see if I had paid that amount before. I did so to gain time.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-191" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-191" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-191" type="surname" value="ROSS"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-191" type="given" value="CHARLES WILLIAM"/>CHARLES WILLIAM ROSS</persName> </hi>, clerk to John Hall Osborne. The form produced is not written or signed by me.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. On February 22, at 11.15 a.m., I saw prisoner. He said he had called for 30s. due for the insertion and presented the slip produced. He did not say he had called for corrections. He said he had called to collect the money. I took the papers to Mr. Osborne, returned to prisoner, and asked him what directory it was for. Mr. Osborne asked, "Is this your writing?" I may have said it was my writing. I have signed other orders for insertion in directories. I wear prisoner did not mention the words, "Corrections and renewal."</p>
<p>Re-examined. I have never signed an order for an insertion in Murray's Commercial Directory. At the time I may have thought the paper was signed by me.</p>
<p>Detective
<hi rend="smallCaps">SIDNEY HARRIS</hi>. On February 22, at 10.15, I went to prosecutor's office. At 11.15 he spoke to me and I saw prisoner in the general office. I told him I was a police officer and asked him what directory he represented. He said, "Murray's Directory." I said I had reason to believe it was a bogus directory. He said, "A man gave me this slip of paper, sent me here and told me there was 30s. to pay. He is waiting round the corner." I asked him what the man was like. He said, "Well, I don't know—I have only seen him once or twice before." I then took him to the station. After being there some time he described a man to me. He had then in his hand four exhibits (produced)—the order form, a book cover, and a description: "Mur
<lb/>ray's Commercial Directory: Home, Foreign, and Colonial Trade, containing the names and addresses of all the principal manufacturer: and wholesale and retail firms in England, Scotland, Ireland, and Wales, arranged in four sections, with classified alphabetical lists. Trade section classification, Smith, D., 85, Queen Street, music ware-house." Then there is a receipted form, "Murray's Commercial Directory, Palmerston Buildings, Old Broad Street,. E. C. Received from," etc.—this form bears an erasure, and by looking at it through a magnifying glass I have made out it contained other words, as I show in Exhibit 5 (produced). He had both those documents in his hand.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080050"/>
<p>In answer to the charge he said, "I do not travel for Murray's Direc
<lb/>tory at all." On inquiry I find that there is no such publication as Murray's Commercial Directory. On searching him I found Exhibits 6 and 7—"London Directory, 25, Abchurch Lane. Inser
<lb/>tion charges—capital,—, 5s. Each extra line 3s. None but official lithographed receipt form will be recognised. Classification,—, en
<lb/>caustic tile manufacturers. Name,—, tessellated ditto. 10s. to pay." That is a bogus form. Fastened with it are others. One is, "Please insert accompanying matter in next issue," etc.; that is for the London Direc
<lb/>tory. Then there are a number of order forms. Then Exhibit 7, "Messrs. Bickerstaffe, pay the Trades Directory of London and Pro
<lb/>vinces or order 6s.; the General Provision Company, Johnson, direc
<lb/>tor." That is also a bogus directory. The London Directory, of 25, Abchurch Lane, is a genuine directory, but that form is bogus. The Trades Directory of London and Provinces does not exist. So far as I know prisoner has never been a canvasser for the London Directory. Then I found postcard, "13 February, Adolf Francis, Limited, pro
<lb/>prietors and publishers of the British Mercantile Guide and British and Foreign Guides"—it was "149, Fleet Street, London," now is 32 to 32, Fleet Lane, Old Bailey—"You must report at once," addressed to Mr. Leigh Joyce, 32, Parkfield Street, Islington. Also a letter of February 9, "From the Theatrical Mission and Home, 92 and 121, Charlotte Street, Fitzroy Square. Gentlemen,—A Mr. Joyce called here the day before yesterday demanding payment of an account amounting to 30s. for an advertisement in the British Mercantile Guides. He stated that I have written a letter to your firm saying that the amount would be paid when called for, and on the strength of that representation Miss Hodgkiss, our secretary, paid the amount, at the same time informing Mr. Joyce that she knew nothing of the advertise
<lb/>ment having been ordered. As I have no recollection of having written any such letter as alleged by your representative, I must ask you to be good enough to forward it to me. I may say on the 2nd Mr. Burt came to-day demanding payment of another account of 30s. I told him that until the matter was satisfactorily explained I could not authorise any payment, whether already made or not." I then searched his house and found telegram of "September 14, 1909, to Joyce, Oxford Road, Manchester. Stop all work," etc.; also envelope directed to Joyce, 22, Albert Street, Chorlton-on-Medlock. Also in his pocket receipts of Francis's directories.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I made inquiries of Messrs. Francis, formerly of Fleet Street, and now of Fleet Lane, and found that prisoner had been employed by them, had been discharged, and had been taken on again.</p>
<p>Detective-inspector
<hi rend="smallCaps">HALLAM</hi>. I made inquiries at Palmerston House and found there is no such persons as are described as publishers of Murray's Commercial Directory, also at the British Museum, and other libraries, at Stationers' Hall, and find there is no such directory as Murray's Commercial Directory.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080051"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-192" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-192" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-192" type="surname" value="HODGKISS"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-192" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE HODGKISS</persName> </hi>, secretary to Theatrical Mission and Home, 121, Charlotte Street, Fitzroy Square. On February 7 prisoner called and asked me to pay him 30s., which he said was for an advertisement in the British Mercantile Guide, handing me form produced. I paid the 30s. and prisoner gave me receipt produced. I told prisoner I knew nothing about the matter, I had only been in the mission six months, and asked him to call again. He said his firm, Adolf Francis, had received a letter signed by our managing director, saying that if the collector would call the money should be paid. On that I paid the money. Neither the managing director nor myself have written such a letter.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I do not know that the previous secretary had given orders for an advertisement. Prisoner said he wanted 30s. in pay
<lb/>ment of an advertisement. I said on his explanation that I would pay it and he receipted the bill. He mentioned the name of the managing director, "Mr. Arthur Rees."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-193" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-193" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-193" type="surname" value="PARTRIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-193" type="given" value="VICTOR"/>VICTOR PARTRIDGE</persName> </hi>, secretary to Adolf Francis, Limited, 32, Fleet Lane. Prisoner had no authority from us to demand 30s. from the Theatrical Mission—there was no insertion in our directory of an advertisement of the Theatrical Mission.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have been at the office whenever the prisoner has been there and never heard the name of the Theatrical Mission. Docu
<lb/>ment produced is not my handwriting or any handwriting I know.</p>
<p>Re-examined. Receipt book produced is from my firm, which is issued to canvassers. Prisoner has been an authorised agent for us up to the time of his arrest.</p>
<p>Miss
<hi rend="smallCaps">PELLANT</hi>, clerk to Adolf Francis, Limited. I have never made out account produced to the Theatrical Mission to my knowledge. It is a good imitation of my writing. I have charge of the books of my firm. There is no entry for an advertisement against the Theatrical Mission.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner was employed by us for canvassing at Manchester, and we sent the telegram for him to stop work. He was dismissed and taken on again. He was working up to February 27, having been taken on again a little before Christmas.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-194" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-194" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-194" type="surname" value="JOYCE"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-194" type="given" value="VICTOR"/>VICTOR JOYCE</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath). When I saw Mr. Osborne he asked me what I had called for, and the question is whether I tried to obtain 30s. or whether I asked for the corrections and renewal. In our way of business we always ask for the corrections and renewal and do not ask for the money first and the order afterwards. Then his clerk said that it was his writing on the order form, which since I have been committed for trial he denies. The question I want to leave with you is whether I demanded the 30s. or whether I simply asked for the renewals and corrections.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19100308-37-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-37-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-37-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080052"/>
<p>Convictions proved: November 27, 1906, at this Court, 18 months' hard labour, in the name of Victor James Dawson, for conspiracy and fraud; April 5, 1898, Oxford Sessions, 12 months' hard labour and three years' police supervision, for obtaining two gem rings by false pretences; June 20, 1897, Brighton Quarter Sessions, five months' hard labour, for stealing rings and fraud; November 7, 1893, South-Western Police Court, six months' hard labour, for stealing three rings. Stated to have been associated with other men convicted of bogus Directory frauds.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19100308-37-punishment-35" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-37-punishment-35" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-37-punishment-35" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-37-19100308 t19100308-37-punishment-35"/>20 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19100308-38" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100308"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-38" type="date" value="19100308"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100308-38-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-38-19100308 t19100308-38-offence-1 t19100308-38-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-38-19100308" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-38-19100308" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19100308" type="surname" value="MCCALLUM"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19100308" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">McCALLUM</hi>, Alexander</persName>
<rs id="t19100308-38-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-38-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-38-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, having been entrusted with two knitted coats and other articles, the goods of
<persName id="t19100308-name-196" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-196" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-196" type="surname" value="WATSON"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-196" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-38-offence-1 t19100308-name-196"/>George Watson</persName>, did fraudulently convert the same to his own use and benefit; having been entrusted with £7 9s. 5d. in order that he might pay the same to
<persName id="t19100308-name-197" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-197" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-197" type="surname" value="WATSON"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-197" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-38-offence-1 t19100308-name-197"/>George Watson</persName>, did fraudulently convert £2 7s. 10 1/2 d., part of the said £7 9s. 5d. to his own use and benefit, and having been entrusted with one waistcoat, the goods of
<persName id="t19100308-name-198" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-198" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-198" type="surname" value="WATSON"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-198" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-38-offence-1 t19100308-name-198"/>George Watson</persName>, did fraudulently convert the same to his own use and benefit.</rs> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t19100308-38-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-38-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-38-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>Mr. George Elliott, prosecuting, stated that after considering the matter and the explanation given by the prisoner, he was satisfied that there had been no fraudulent conversion, and he proposed to offer no evidence. With the consent of the Judge, the jury returned a verdict of Not guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUDGE LUMLEY SMITH</hi>.</p>
<p>(Friday, March 11.)</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19100308-39" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100308"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-39" type="date" value="19100308"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100308-39-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-39-19100308 t19100308-39-offence-1 t19100308-39-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-39-19100308" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-39-19100308" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19100308" type="age" value="48"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19100308" type="surname" value="SMYTHE"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19100308" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19100308" type="occupation" value="billiard instructor"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SMYTHE</hi>, Arthur (48, billiard instructor)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t19100308-39-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100308-39-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-39-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/> for that he did unlawfully conspire, combine, confederate and agree with certain persons giving the names W. Johnson,
<persName id="t19100308-name-200">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-200" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-200" type="surname" value="VANE"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-200" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>George Vane</persName> and J. Lees respectively by divers false pretences and subtle devices to obtain from
<persName id="t19100308-name-201" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-201" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-201" type="surname" value="COOKE"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-201" type="given" value="GRANVILLE HAWLEY EGERTON"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-39-offence-1 t19100308-name-201"/>Granville Hawley Egerton Cooke</persName> certain of his moneys with intent to cheat and defraud him thereof, and in pursuance of such conspiracy did unlawfully by false pretences obtain from the said
<persName id="t19100308-name-202" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-202" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-202" type="surname" value="COOKE"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-202" type="given" value="GRANVILLE HAWLEY EGERTON"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-202" type="occupation" value="taking out patents fin the motor trade"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-39-offence-1 t19100308-name-202"/>Granville Hawley Egerton Cooke</persName> divers sums of money to the amount of £120 with intent to defraud, between January 18 and 25, 1910, in the City of London; and with a man giving the name of McGwin by divers false pretences and subtle devices to obtain from
<persName id="t19100308-name-203" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-203" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-203" type="surname" value="TOWERS"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-203" type="given" value="WILLIAM LONDESBOROUGH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-39-offence-1 t19100308-name-203"/>William Londesborough Towers</persName> certain of his moneys with intent to cheat and defraud him thereof, and in pursuance of such conspiracy did unlaw
<lb/>fully by false pretences obtain from the said
<persName id="t19100308-name-204" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-204" type="surname" value="TOWERS"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-204" type="given" value="WILLIAM LONDESBOROUGH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-39-offence-1 t19100308-name-204"/>William Londesborough Towers</persName> divers sums of money and valuable securities to the amount of £500 and upwards with intent to defraud between April 27 and
<rs id="t19100308-cd-1" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-39-offence-1 t19100308-cd-1"/>May 12, 1904</rs>; unlawfully by false pretences obtaining from the said
<persName id="t19100308-name-205" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-205" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-205" type="surname" value="COOKE"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-205" type="given" value="GRANVILLE HAWLEY EGERTON"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-39-offence-1 t19100308-name-205"/>Granville Hawley Egerton Cooke</persName> the sum of £15 on
<rs id="t19100308-cd-2" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-39-offence-1 t19100308-cd-2"/>January 18, 1910</rs>, the sum of £50 on
<rs id="t19100308-cd-3" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-39-offence-1 t19100308-cd-3"/>January 21, 1910</rs>, the sum of £25 on
<rs id="t19100308-cd-4" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-39-offence-1 t19100308-cd-4"/>January 22, 1910</rs>, and the sum of £25 on
<rs id="t19100308-cd-5" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-39-offence-1 t19100308-cd-5"/>January 25, 1910</rs>, and from the said William Londesborough Towers certain valuable securities, to wit, a banker's cheque for £100 on
<rs id="t19100308-cd-6" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-39-offence-1 t19100308-cd-6"/>April 27, 1904</rs>, a banker's cheque for £50 on
<rs id="t19100308-cd-7" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-39-offence-1 t19100308-cd-7"/>April 29, 1904</rs>, a banker's cheque for £20 on
<rs id="t19100308-cd-8" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-39-offence-1 t19100308-cd-8"/>May 4, 1904</rs>, a banker's cheque for £128 2s. 6d. on
<rs id="t19100308-cd-9" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-39-offence-1 t19100308-cd-9"/>May 10, 1904</rs>, and a banker's cheque for £150 on
<rs id="t19100308-cd-10" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-39-offence-1 t19100308-cd-10"/>May 12, 1904</rs>, and from
<persName id="t19100308-name-206" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-206" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-206" type="surname" value="THWAITES"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-206" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-39-offence-1 t19100308-name-206"/>William Henry Thwaites</persName> 30s. on
<rs id="t19100308-cd-11" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100308-39-offence-1 t19100308-cd-11"/>December 11, 1909</rs>, in each case with intent to defraud</rs>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080053"/>
<p>Mr. H. Du Parq and Mr. Leon Freadman prosecuted; Mr. Purcell defended.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-207" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-207" type="surname" value="COOKE"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-207" type="given" value="GRANVILLE HAWLEY EGERTON"/>GRANVILLE HAWLEY EGERTON COOKE</persName> </hi>. I carry on business in the name of Egerton Hawley, taking out patents in connection with the motor trade. I have been earning an honest living at that for about three years. I have been convicted of certain criminal offences, and have served my punishment. I met Smythe on January 17 last. I was with a lady in Tottenham Court Road. I have known him for about five years. The lady told Smythe I had just obtained £200 for the sale of a patent. I met Smythe next evening about 9.30. He said he had a friend on the racecourse who was in a position to get the names of winners of races on some occasions, and that he had an appointment at 11 o'clock at the "Bedford Head" with Mr. J. W. Johnson, who was chief clerk to a Mr. J. Lees, a bookmaker, of the Beaufort Club and Throgmorton Avenue. He said members of the Beaufort Club were guaranteed for £10,000 and betting would be safe. I never had a bet with him before. I met him at the "Bed
<lb/>ford Head" about 11.30 that night. While I was waiting a young fellow came in and said, "Are you waiting for Mr. Johnson?" Smythe replied, "Yes." The young fellow said, "Mr. Johnson sent me to tell you he would be a little late." Smythe told me the young man was one of the under-clerks of Mr. Lees. He gave the name of George Vane. I know now his name is George Point. John
<lb/>son arrived almost immediately afterwards. I was introduced. It was arranged that Smythe was to find the winners from his friend on the course, that I was to find the money and Lees was to take the bets—I mean to say Johnson was to take the bets for Lees, the book
<lb/>maker. Smythe did not pretend in every case that the horse he recommended was going to win; he said in the majority of cases, He did not at that time say he was going to give me the names of horses that he knew had actually won. I gave Smythe three £5 notes that evening and Johnson gave me J. Lees' card. I have mislaid that card, but here is one exactly the same. It has got an address on the back, 24, Throgmorton Avenue. There was no address on the card he first gave me. On January 19 I met Smythe at the "Gresham" public-house near the Bank. He recommended me to back Newgrange for £2 to win. Smythe wrote out a slip, as I did not know how to do it, and I copied it—"Newgrange £2 to win, Hawley. J. Lees, Esq. January 19." He took me to the base
<lb/>ment of 29, Throgmorton Street to hand this memo, of the bet to J. Lees. Immediately I got there Johnson appeared. This base
<lb/>ment consists of passages and cross-passages, and I assume Johnson was hiding in one of these passages. I did not go into an office</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080054"/>
<p>there. I was told he had offices there. I was not told the time of the race in which Newgrange was running. I saw it in the papers. I think it was about 2.30. I went back with Smythe to the "Gres
<lb/>ham." On the way there Smythe bought a paper and showed me that Newgrange had won. Next day I kept an appointment with Smythe at the "Gresham," when Johnson walked through the place as if he was taking bets. He gave me a crossed cheque for £82 10s. as my winnings on Newgrange. It was signed "J. Lees." I did not pay it into my bank. Smythe got it back. On January 21 I had an appointment with Smythe. When I got there a letter was handed to me (exhibit 3). I did not know the handwriting. The barmaid gave me a description of the man who left it. Later that day I met Johnson and Smythe at the "Talbot." Smythe suggested another bet. I drew—50 from my bank. I said I would not have a bet for more than £25. Smythe asked me to lend him £25. I said, "Is everything all right: is this bookmaker going to pay?" He Said "Yes," and on the strength of this I lent him £25 and gave him the other £25. He was to back Irish Channel £15 to win and Gretchen's Pet £10 to win. I then went with Smythe to the base
<lb/>ment of 29, Throgmorton Street. Johnson appeared just as we got there. Johnson told me in Smythe's presence that Lees had offices at 24, Throgmorton Avenue. Later in the afternoon Smythe bought a paper and showed me Irish Channel had won and Gretchen's Pet had not run. He said with the stakes my winnings would be £42 10s. On the 22nd he gave me a cheque for those winnings signed "J. Lees," drawn on the same bank, The London and South-Western. Smythe said he had a friend at the "Black Horse," Tottenham Court Road, and if I entrusted him with the cheques he could get them specially quickly cashed and immediately get something on account. I told him I wanted to get these cheques cashed before I had any other bets. On the 22nd I drew another £25 from the bank and gave it to Johnson in Smythe's presence. I had to go to my business, and I entrusted Smythe to back the horse that his friend on the course recommended. Later in the afternoon I met Smythe again. He said he had put £25 on Le Viso, but it had not run. He said the £25 would be placed to my credit with Lees. On February 25 I met Smythe and Johnson again at the "Gresham." I had been looking at the racing news and found there was no racing. I told Smythe this. He said, "Yes, there is; there is a small private race down at Chelmsford amongst the toffs not mentioned in the papers." He said his friend would telephone him the names of the runners. He went out saying he was going to the telephone. He returned with the names of horses written down on a paper and recommended me to back Dik Dik for £50. Later I went to the bank and drew another £25 to make up the £50. Before doing that I said to Smythe I should have no more bets without seeing the bookmaker. He said I could see him. He went out. When he returned soon after he said, "Come with me to 29, Throgmorton Street." When I got to the bottom of the stairs Johnson appeared again. He entered into conversation, and then an old gentleman appeared without a</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080055"/>
<p>hat. Johnson said he was Mr. Lees. He said, "This is the gentle
<lb/>man who had £25 on Le Viso last Saturday: he has booked a bet for £50 on Dik Dik; if he brings over £25 before four o'clock the bet will be all right." Lees said, "Yes, certainly," and pointing to John
<lb/>son, he said, "This is my head clerk; I leave everything to him. Give the money to him; the bet will be all right." On the faith of that statement I withdrew another £25. I got to 29, Throg
<lb/>morton Street at 3.55. As I was going down the stairs Johnson rushed after me and said, "Mr. Lees has gone out for the afternoon. Give me the money or you'll be too late for the race. I gave him the money in gold. He rushed up the basement and turned to the left as if going into an office. He returned almost immediately, Baying, "The bet's all right; Mr. J. Lees' son has taken the bet. Meet me this evening at 7.30 at the "Hog in the Pound," New Oxford Street. I met Smythe that afternoon. He said Dik Dik had won at 8 to 1 and with the stakes I had won £450. When John
<lb/>son introduced me to Lees he said I was Mr. W. Clifford. When Smythe told me Dik Dik had won I said. "Why did Johnson intro
<lb/>duce me as Mr. W. Clifford?" He said, "You had won so much money in the name of Hawley that when I laid £25 on Le Viso for you I signed the memo. W. Clifford. I was afraid if you won any more the bookmaker would not pay it. I told him if Dik Dik won I should not endorse the cheque. The other cheques representing my winnings I had given to Smythe to see if he could get something on account. I said I would not have any more bets until they were cleared. He said he would get the memo, back signed in the name of Clifford. Two or three days after he gave me the memo. I noticed it had got the date of the Sunday following the Saturday on which the race was run. At my interview with Johnson at the "Hog in the Pound "he said, "You will be very careful to-morrow when you go for your £450 winnings on Dik Dik. As a matter of fact Smythe has not been getting the names of these winners from a friend on the course; he had been finding out the names of the winners after the races were run." That was the first intimation I had of any fraud on Smythe's part. I said I should call on Lees and ask for my stakes back. He said, "For goodness' sake, don't see Lees; meet me and Smythe at twelve to-morrow at the 'Gresham.'"Before keeping that appointment I went to Throgmorton Street to try and find Lees and failed. I afterwards went to the Beaufort Club. They said there was no one of the name of J. Lees there. I kept the appointment at the "Gresham." Neither Johnson nor Smythe appeared. At 1.15 the man who came to the "Bedford Head" and who Smythe said was one of Lees' under clerks came up to me and said, "Johnson sent to say he had been arrested for getting bets on after time." On January 27 I received a letter from Smythe saying "Great disaster. I have been shadowed these two nights. I am going away till it blows over. Some kind friend has put us away." On the 27th I saw Johnson in the "Coronet" public-house, Soho Square. Two or three people saw him. I do not know if he saw me. On the 28th I saw Smythe. I saw no more of him after</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080056"/>
<p>they got all my money. I got some cards printed with an address at Brighton at Smythe's suggestion. I was going there for a holiday, Several people knew of it. I told Smythe I should not be able to continue the betting transactions. He said, "That does not matter as long as you have a good address; Johnson can arrange for you to have a weekly account with a bookmaker. "I said, "I do not know what address I am going to." He said, "I have a brother at 4, Walpole Terrace, Kemp Town, and if I write him a line he will be very pleased to put you up. You had better get some cards printed; give one to Johnson and we will arrange for you to have a weekly account."</p>
<p>Cross-examined. When prisoner first proposed this matter he said, "I will show you how to make a lot of money." Up to that time I had never heard of people backing winners after the race. I know a man named Jacobs; I said before the magistrate that I thought he was a bookmaker's clerk. I have ascertained that he is not. I have not spoken a word to him in my life about betting. I never read the, sporting news in the papers. Smythe did not mention a word about getting bets by telephone after the race. I did not know till they had got all my money that Smythe got the names of the winners after the race. That statement was made to frighten me so that I should not go on. Up to that time I had not the slightest suspicion that it was not honest betting. I did not pay the first cheque for £87 10s. into the bank as I had plenty of money in my bank. I had known Smythe five years, and trusted him implicitly. I frequently do not pay in cheques for several days. If I had known the horses were backed after the races I should not have signed the cheques. I am an honest man at present. A man named Bullock, whom I have since dis
<lb/>covered is a receiver of stolen property, sent a man to me, and offered what he alleged to be a diamond ring. I had no transaction with Bullock at all; I did not know it was his property. I got the cards printed in Charing Cross Road, and paid for them. Smythe suggested it. I did not know he had a brother at Brighton. My business is taking out patents, designing improvements in motors, and getting them on the market. Before that I served 21 months' imprisonment t Birmingham. That was for having a fur collar fitted to a coat that belonged to me. I did not pay for the collar, and I suppose that con
<lb/>stituted the offence. Before that I was sentenced to three years' penal servitude at Liverpool Assizes for stealing. I was also sentenced to 12 months' at this court on April 25, 1898, for getting goods from people who advertised in the "Exchange and Mart." Everything was returned in that case. I was convicted in the name of Simpson at this court on July 20, 1896, and sentenced to ten months' hard labour. Notwithstanding that career I ask the jury to believe me. I went to Smythe's house after I had been to the police to try to ascertain the names of the three other men in the conspiracy. I did not go there for the purpose of getting money; I refused it; it was offered to me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-208" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-208" type="surname" value="MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-208" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES MARTIN</persName> </hi>, secretary, Beaufort Club. We have no member of the name of J. Lees.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191003080057"/>
<p>Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">HERBERT SAUNDERS</hi>, D Division. I went with Sergeant Durrant to 14, Devonshire Street, Bloomsbury, on January 30, at 1 a.m. to arrest prisoner. He was in bed. I told him we were police officers and held a warrant. I read it to him. He said, "Who is prosecuting?" I said, "Mr. Hawley." He said, "You do not mean to say he has got a warrant? He was trying to have a bit on after the races were run, and he got done. He is as bad as the rest of us. We know a bookmaker who will take a bet ten minutes after time, but he discovered it in our case. I have got a complete answer to it. He is a fine chap to prosecute; it ought to be he who ought to be prosecuted for trying to do the bookmaker." I took him to Totten
<lb/>ham Court Road Police Station. He made no reply to the charge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-209" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-209" type="surname" value="BRADLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-209" type="given" value="WILLIAM ALGERNON"/>WILLIAM ALGERNON BRADLEY</persName> </hi>, London City and Midland Bank, pro
<lb/>duced a copy of Egerton Hawley's account at the bank, showing the balances to credit at various times.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100308-name-210" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100308-name-210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-210" type="surname" value="POOLE"/>
<interp inst="t19100308-name-210" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES POOLE</persName> </hi>, London and South-Western Bank, Gannon Street. J. Lees is not a customer of ours. The cheques drawn in his name have never been presented at our bank.</p>