<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<p>1910, FEBRUARY.</p>
<p>Vol. CLII. Part 904.</p>
<p>Sessions paper.</p>
<p>KNILL, MAYOR.</p>
<p>HELD FEB. 8th, 1910, AND FOLLOWING DAYS.</p>
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<interp inst="t19100208-name-1" type="surname" value="WALPOLE"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-1" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WALPOLE</persName>,</p>
<p>shorthand Writer to the Court.</p>
<p>EDITED BY</p>
<p>R. F. GRAHAM-CAMPBELL, Esquire,</p>
<p>[Published by Annual Subscription.]</p>
<p>LINCOLN'S INN, W.C.</p>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">PRINTED BY</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE ARGUS PRINTING COMPANY, LIMITED, </hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">TEMPLE AVENUE, AND TUDOR STREET, </hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">LONDON, E.C.</hi> </p>
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<p>On the King's Commission of</p>
<p>The City Of London,</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<hi rend="italic">Held on Tuesday, February</hi>8
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1910,
<hi rend="italic">and following days</hi>.</p>
<p>Before the Right Hon. Sir
<hi rend="largeCaps">
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<interp inst="t19100208-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-2" type="surname" value="KNILL"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-2" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN KNILL</persName>, </hi>Baronet,
<hi rend="largeCaps">LORD MAYOR</hi>of the City of London; the Right Hon. Lord
<hi rend="smallCaps">COLERIDGE, </hi>one of the Justices of His Majesty's High Court; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t19100208-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-3" type="surname" value="WILKIN"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-3" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER WILKIN</persName>, </hi>E.C.M.G.; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t19100208-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-4" type="surname" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-4" type="given" value="MARCUS"/>MARCUS SAMUEL</persName>, </hi>Bart.; Sir Wm.
<hi rend="smallCaps">PURDIE TRELOAR, </hi>Bart.; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t19100208-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-5" type="surname" value="BURNETT"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-5" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID BURNETT</persName>, </hi>Knight; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">CHAS. CHEERS WAKEFIELD, </hi>Knight; and Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">HORACE</hi>B.
<hi rend="smallCaps">MARSHALL, </hi>Knight, Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">FORREST FULTON, </hi>Knight, K.C., Recorder of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">FK. ALBERT BOSANQUET, </hi>K.C., Common Serjeant of the said City; His Honour Judge
<hi rend="smallCaps">RENTOUL, </hi>K.C., Commissioner; His Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t19100208-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-6" type="surname" value="ROLL"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-6" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES ROLL</persName>, </hi>Esq.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RALPH SLAZENGER, </hi>Esq.</p>
<hi rend="italic">sheriffs</hi> </p>
<p>J. D.
<hi rend="smallCaps">LANGTON, </hi>Esq.</p>
<p>W. J. B.
<hi rend="smallCaps">TIPPETTS, </hi>Esq.</p>
<hi rend="italic">under Sheriffs</hi> </p>
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<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE RECORDER.</hi> </p>
<p>(Tuesday, February 8.)</p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">WILKINSON, </hi>John (38, stoker)</persName>
<rs id="t19100208-1-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-1-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-1-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, breaking and entering the shop and counting-house of
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<interp inst="t19100208-name-8" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-1-offence-1 t19100208-name-8"/>David White</persName> and stealing therein one iron safe, of the goods of the said
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-1-offence-1 t19100208-name-9"/>David White</persName>, and which then contained the sum of ₤ 324 and more and a large quantity of chattels, of the property of His Majesty's
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<interp inst="t19100208-name-10" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-1-offence-1 t19100208-name-10"/>Postmaster-General</persName>, and of feloniously receiving the same; feloniously receiving the property of the Postmatter-General mentioned in the first count.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Forster Boulton prosecuted.</p>
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<interp inst="t19100208-name-11" type="given" value="MAUD"/>MAUD MORTON, </persName> </hi>assistant to David White, sub-postmaster, 84, Goswell Road. On December 8, 1909, at 9.10 p.m., I left the post
<lb/>office at 84, Goswell Road; it was secured with a padlock, and the safe was locked. The safe contained ₤ 161 12s. 9½ d. in cash; ₤ 896 in postal-orders and ₤ 369 12s. 8d. in postage stamps.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HERBERT DICKISON, </hi>96 K. On December 8. at 10.35 p.m., I examined 84, Goswell Road, found the door open and the pad
<lb/>lock forced, and marks on the door, I entered and found the office in confusion, strewn with postal-orders, postcards, etc. I reported the matter to other officers.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES LAING.</hi> On December 9, at 12.30 a.m., I visited the post-office, 84, Goswell Road, and afterwards went to 79, Rosebery Avenue, where the steps bore fresh marks of having been chipped as if a safe had been carried over them. I went down the mews by the side of the house, and got to the rear, when I heard a chipping noise and saw a light in the back parlour of No. 79. Standing on the wall I saw a safe in the middle of the room surrounded by the prisoner and six other men, who were trying to force the safe open. The prisoner held a hack saw; another had a chisel and hammer. Sergeant Leach was with me; we procured assistance and surrounded the premises. An officer knocked at the front door and the men came into the back
<lb/>yard, where on seeing myself and other officers they ran back into the house. I followed into the back room and found prisoner together with Stanley and Brennan (who was convicted on January 13, 1910; see page 341.) I found in the room one hack saw, a hammer, four cold chisels, a chopper, a hatchet, and the screw-driver</p>
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<p>produced. Two of the rivets of the safe had been loosened, and I think the safe would have been forced in another fifteen or twenty minutes. I took the prisoner to the station; he was charged with breaking and entering the post-office and stealing the safe; he made no reply. At the last Sessions prisoner was unable to take his trial through illness.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I am sure prisoner was in the back room when I entered, and that I arrested him there. When looking into the room from the wall I recognised prisoner, whom I knew by sight. There was a good light in the room from an incandescent gas burner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HARRY WOODLEY, </hi>343 H. I produce plan drawn to scale of 79, Rosebery Avenue. The wall at the rear is 8 ft. high, and 14 ft. from the window of the back room, which is 7½ ft. from the ground. Any one standing on the wall could see down into the room. The room is 9 ft. square.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CHARLES LEACH</hi>corroborated the evidence given by Laing. I saw prisoner in the room from the wall holding a steel hack saw; I knew him before. He was in the parlour when I entered with Laing. I then went upstairs and brought down another man whom I had arrested. Prisoner was then in charge of Laing. (To the jury.) Prisoner was dressed much the same as he is now.</p>
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<interp inst="t19100208-name-12" type="surname" value="WILKINSON"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-12" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN WILKINSON</persName> </hi>(prisoner, on oath). On December 8, from 10.40 to 11 p.m., I was in the "Wilmington Arms, " Rosebery Avenue. I then went to the Gold Air Stores, St. John's Street, to try and get a night's work. As I had not the price of a night's lodging I went to see an Italian named Gianicoli, who lives at 79, Rosebery Avenue, and who owed me a shilling. He could not pay me the shilling, but he invited me to sleep in a chair in his room. I had fallen asleep when the door was burst open and a police-constable in uniform entered, ordered me and the Italian downstairs, and took us into the room where there were four other men and a number of police officers. I was charged with being concerned with the other men in stealing the safe. I said, "I know nothing about it any more than the Italian does." We were taken to the station, and the Italian was released by the inspector. I had nothing to do with the robbery or with attempt
<lb/>ing to open the safe.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I left the public-house at 11 p.m., and went straight to the Cold Air Stores, and on to 79, Rosebery Avenue, getting there about twelve. I have asked for the barman to be called to prove I was in the public-house. A woman opened the door and told me to go up to the Italian's room, which is the second floor front. I have got the Italian here to prove what I say. A uniformed police officer fetched me down from upstairs. I did not tell the magistrate I wanted to call the uniformed police officer who fetched me down.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">LEACH</hi>recalled. I forced the door and brought the Italian downstairs. Prisoner was not in his room. I was in plain clothes</p>
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<interp inst="t19100208-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-13" type="surname" value="GIANICOLI"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-13" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT GIANICOLI.</persName> </hi> On December 8 I was living in the first floor</p>
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<p>front room of 79, Rosebery Avenue. I owed prisoner a shilling, which he had lent me. I was asleep with my wife when the door was burst open; I saw a police officer with a lantern; it was Sergeant Leach; he took me downstairs into a room where there were a number of men; I was taken to the station and discharged by the inspector; only Leach came into my room.</p>
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<persName id="t19100208-name-14" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-14" type="surname" value="BLACKWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-14" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY BLACKWOOD, </persName> </hi>barman, "Wilmington Arms, " Rose
<lb/>bery Avenue. I do not remember prisoner being in my public-house on December 8. I gave evidence before the magistrate. I said I thought the prisoner had been there, but I did not remember the hour.</p>
<p>Prisoner recalled (to the jury). Brennan is the same, height as I am. I was in the Italian's room for about an hour when the door was burst open.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">LEACH</hi>recalled (to the jury). We arrested seven men altogether, including the Italian, who was discharged by the inspector, and Stanley, who was discharged by the magistrate. I burst the upstairs door open and kicked out the bottom panel of the door. Beside the Italian there was a boy named Aldous in the room, the son of the landlord of the house, who was lying at the foot of the bed. Prisoner was not asleep in a chair there. I brought the Italian down, and the prisoner was then in the lower room. The landlord Aldous was convicted on January 13.</p>
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<interp inst="t19100208-1-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-1-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>Guilty of receiving</rs>.</p>
<p>Prisoner confessed to having been convicted at Clerkenwell Sessions on February 6, 1906, receiving 18 months' hard labour for stealing from a till, after several other convictions.</p>
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<interp inst="t19100208-1-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-1-19100208 t19100208-1-punishment-1"/>Four years penal servitude</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">CONDON, </hi>Walter Joseph Shearman (32, Post Office sorter)</persName>
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<interp inst="t19100208-2-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-2-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, of stealing a postal packet containing a postal order for 4s. 6d., the goods of His Majesty's
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-2-offence-1 t19100208-name-16"/>Postmaster-General</persName>, he being an officer of the Post Office</rs>;
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<interp inst="t19100208-2-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-2-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>stealing a letter containing a ₤ 5 Bank of England note, two banker's cheques for ₤ 10 and ₤ 3 8s. 4d. respec
<lb/>tively, and two postal orders for ₤ 1 and 7s. 6d. respectively, the goods of His Majesty's Postmaster-General, be being an officer of the Post Office</rs>.</p>
<p>Mr. Forster Boulton prosecuted; Mr. James appeared for prisoner. Sentence,
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-2-19100208 t19100208-2-punishment-2"/>12 months' hard labour on each indictment, to run con
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<hi rend="largeCaps">GUNNING, </hi>John James (34, labourer)</persName>
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<rs id="t19100208-3-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
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<interp inst="t19100208-3-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> of breaking and entering the offices of the
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-3-offence-1 t19100208-name-18"/>Lanston Monotype Corporation, Limited</persName>, and stealing therein three boxes of cigars, stamps of the value of 4s. 8½ d., and other articles, the goods of the said company, and one snuff box, the goods of
<persName id="t19100208-name-19" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-19" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-19" type="surname" value="HARMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-19" type="given" value="FRANK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-3-offence-1 t19100208-name-19"/>Frank Harman</persName> </rs>;
<rs id="t19100208-3-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-3-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-3-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>stealing one coat, the goods of
<persName id="t19100208-name-20" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-20" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-20" type="surname" value="HEARSEY"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-20" type="given" value="EDITH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-3-offence-2 t19100208-name-20"/>Edith Hearsey</persName>, and one coat, the goods of
<persName id="t19100208-name-21" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-21" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-21" type="surname" value="PERCIVAL"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-21" type="given" value="FLORENCE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-3-offence-2 t19100208-name-21"/>Florence Percival</persName> </rs>.</p>
<p>On March 19, 1906, at the Mansion House, prisoner was fined 10s. or seven days as a rogue; said to be an associate of convicted thieves.</p>
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<interp inst="t19100208-3-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-3-19100208 t19100208-3-punishment-3"/>Nine months' hard labour on each indictment, to run concurrently</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">BROWN, </hi>George (25, porter)</persName>, and
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<interp inst="def2-3a-19100208" type="given" value="JACK"/>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">JONES, </hi>Jack (34, labourer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19100208-3a-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-3a-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-3a-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19100208-3a-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-3a-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-3a-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>of breaking and entering the shop of
<persName id="t19100208-name-24" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-24" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-24" type="surname" value="HAMMOND"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-24" type="given" value="VICTOR"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-3a-offence-2 t19100208-name-24"/>Victor Hammond</persName> and another and stealing two overcoats, their goods</rs>.</p>
<p>Both prisoners confessed to having been convicted at this court on December 8, 1908, each receiving 15 months' hard labour, for shop
<lb/>lifting, after previous convictions.</p>
<p>Sentence (both),
<rs id="t19100208-3a-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-3a-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-3a-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-3a-19100208 t19100208-3a-punishment-4"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-3a-19100208 t19100208-3a-punishment-4"/>Nine months' hard labour</rs>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE COMMON SERJEANT.</hi> </p>
<p>(Tuesday, February 8.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100208-4">
<interp inst="t19100208-4" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100208"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-4" type="date" value="19100208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-4-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-4-19100208 t19100208-4-offence-1 t19100208-4-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-4-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-4-19100208 t19100208-4-offence-2 t19100208-4-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-4-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-4-19100208 t19100208-4-offence-1 t19100208-4-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-4-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-4-19100208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19100208" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19100208" type="surname" value="WOOLLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19100208" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19100208" type="occupation" value="carman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WOOLLEY, </hi>Henry (25, carman)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-4-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-4-19100208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-4-19100208" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def2-4-19100208" type="surname" value="FREDERICK"/>
<interp inst="def2-4-19100208" type="given" value="WOOLEY"/>
<interp inst="def2-4-19100208" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WOOLLEY, </hi>Frederick (19, labourer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19100208-4-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-4-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-4-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>both possessing counterfeit coin and uttering counterfeit coin twice within two days</rs>; Henry Woolley
<rs id="t19100208-4-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-4-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-4-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>uttering counterfeit coin</rs>; both
<rs id="t19100208-4-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-4-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-4-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM BROWN, </hi>K, said prisoners belonged to a very respectable family, and bore good characters until August last, when the elder prisoner became associated with a gang of notorious coiners, and since then both prisoners had been uttering base coin wholesale. Prior to January last the elder prisoner had been in one employment for nine years. His wife then had about ₤ 150 left to her, and they started a greengrocery business, which failed.</p>
<p>Prisoners' father, James Woolley, agreed to become surety for the younger prisoner.</p>
<p>Sentence, Henry Woolley,
<rs id="t19100208-4-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-4-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-4-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-4-19100208 t19100208-4-punishment-5"/>Four months' hard labour</rs>; Frederick Woolley
<rs id="t19100208-4-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-4-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-4-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-4-19100208 t19100208-4-punishment-6"/>was released on his own recognisances in ₤ 10, with his father as surety in ₤ 10, to come up for judgment if called upon</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100208-5">
<interp inst="t19100208-5" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100208"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-5" type="date" value="19100208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-5-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-5-19100208 t19100208-5-offence-1 t19100208-5-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-5-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-5-19100208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19100208" type="age" value="62"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19100208" type="surname" value="DAVIDSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19100208" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19100208" type="occupation" value="cabinet maker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DAVIDSON, </hi>John (62, cabinet maker)</persName>
<rs id="t19100208-5-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-5-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-5-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19100208-5-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-5-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-5-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, of having in his possession without lawful authority three moulds, a quantity of metal and other things used in the manufacture of counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>Police evidence was given to the effect that prisoner had been making base coin on a very large scale.</p>
<rs id="t19100208-5-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-5-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-5-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-5-19100208 t19100208-5-punishment-7"/>Four years' penal servitude</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100208-6">
<interp inst="t19100208-6" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100208"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-6" type="date" value="19100208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-6-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-6-19100208 t19100208-6-offence-1 t19100208-6-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-6-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-6-19100208 t19100208-6-offence-2 t19100208-6-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-6-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-6-19100208 t19100208-6-offence-3 t19100208-6-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-6-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-6-19100208 t19100208-6-offence-1 t19100208-6-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-6-charge-5" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-6-19100208 t19100208-6-offence-2 t19100208-6-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-6-charge-6" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-6-19100208 t19100208-6-offence-3 t19100208-6-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-6-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-6-19100208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19100208" type="age" value="49"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19100208" type="surname" value="STALLARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19100208" type="given" value="HENRY FREDERICK"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19100208" type="occupation" value="bottler"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">STALLARD, </hi>Henry Frederick, indicted as
<rs id="t19100208-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-6-19100208 t19100208-alias-1"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">STODDART</hi> </rs> (49, bottler)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-6-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-6-19100208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-6-19100208" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def2-6-19100208" type="surname" value="ATKINS"/>
<interp inst="def2-6-19100208" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<interp inst="def2-6-19100208" type="occupation" value="dealer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ATKINS, </hi>Frederick (34, dealer)</persName>
<rs id="t19100208-6-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-6-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-6-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, both making counter
<lb/>feit coin</rs>;
<rs id="t19100208-6-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-6-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-6-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>both feloniously possessing moulds for coining</rs>; both
<rs id="t19100208-6-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-6-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-6-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>possessing counterfeit coin</rs>. Both prisoners pleaded guilty to the charge of possessing counterfeit coin.</p>
<p>Mr. Picfeersgill prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALFRED SAUNDERS, </hi>Scotland Yard. On January 12, about half past four, accompanied by Detective-sergeant Goodwills and Detective Wesley, I went to 37, Kenton Road, Victoria Park. In room on the first floor I saw the two prisoners sitting on either side of the fireplace, Stallard with his back to the window and at his feet an enamelled dish, and in the dish was the plaster mould produced with a partly-made coin in it, like it is now. The mould was warm. There was also this pot containing melted metal. I told the prisoners we</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191002080009"/>
<p>were police officers, and had reason to believe that counterfeit coin was being made there. As we entered the room Stallard stooped down, and with his right hand picked up the mould and was pushing it towards the fireplace, when he was stopped by Detetcive-sergeant Goodwillie. He then said, "I was only going to push it under the grate." On then table by Stallard's left hand were the ten counterfeit half-crowns produced, all dated 1906. Atkins said, "You have got it all now. I bought them for 2s. off a man I do not know. We have done nothing yet, but were going to have a practice. No one taught me this; I learned it all from a book." He afterwards produced from various parts of the room a bottle containing cyanide of potassium, a packet of plaster and a piece of antimony. He then said, "I found it all in one parcel, and had to climb over the fence for it in Bethnal Green Road. My wife was very ill or else I should not have been mixed up in this." The room was then searched by Detective Wesley and myself, and under an enamelled dish under the table I found this copper wire, and in a cupboard a packet of silver sand was found by Detective Wesley in my presence, and also this file, which bears traces of white metal. Stallard said, "I do not live here, but am only a visitor. I live at 31, Wolverley Street, Bethnal Green Road." They, were taken to the station, and on the way Atkins said, "You would not have found us out if some one had not told you about us." They were charged at the Victoria Park Station with making counterfeit coins; neither made any reply.</p>
<p>To Stallard. I did not notice a muffin-board with a bell and some other things on it. Two postcards were found upon you at the station addressed to you at 31, Wolverley Street, one dated in 1907 and the other 1908. Both the postcards purported to be testimonials to Stallard's honesty and respectability.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CHARLES WESLEY</hi>and Detective-sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">GOODWILLIE</hi>gave similar evidence. Stallard when arrested said to Goodwillie, "I would take all the blame of this if I could get him (Atkins) out of it. I was playing bagatelle this afternoon, and had not been very long in the house when you came. No matter what you find out I always speak the truth. I have a number of references, and you will find I have a good character. I am the father of twelve children, although some of them are dead. My wife thinks I am at work how." Goodwillie also stated that as the result of comparison he had come to the conclusion that all the counterfeit half-crowns were made in the mould produced.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-30" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-30" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-30" type="surname" value="SHARP"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-30" type="given" value="AGNES"/>AGNES SHARP, </persName> </hi>37, Kenton Road, Wells Street, widow. Atkins is a lodger in my front room on the first floor. He had lodged with me about four months before his arrest. I only know Stallard by seeing Him come as a visitor. He used to come nearly every day; he came two or three times on the day of the arrest.</p>
<p>To Stallard. I remember seeing the muffin-board and bell on the landing a day or two after the police came. It had previously been in Atkins's room.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-31" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-31" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-31" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-31" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER, </persName> </hi>Officer of H.M. Mint, gave evidence that the ten counterfeit half-crowns were made in the mould produced. They were in an unfinished state, the plating only remaining to be</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191002080010"/>
<p>done. All the articles produced taken from Atkins's room were the stock-in-trade of a coiner. The coins were very skilfully made, and evidently not the work of novices.</p>
<p>The statement of prisoner Stallard at the police-court was then put in. In it he said that he went to Atkins's room at ten minutes past four for a muffin-board and handbell which belonged to a Mr. Foster, and he had not been there ten minutes when the detectives came.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-32" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-32" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-32" type="surname" value="STALLARD"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-32" type="given" value="HENRY FREDERICK"/>HENRY FREDERICK STALLARD</persName> </hi>(prisoner, on oath). On the 12th of last month I went out about ten o'clock in the morning, and went round to Atkins for my board and bell. Atkins said, "I have found something. Come back later and I will show you." I accordingly went back about twenty minutes past four, and he then showed me the counterfeit coins and the mould, and while he was doing so the police came in.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I was not at Atkins's every day. I take out things for Mr. Foster and get 5 per cent, on all I sell. Atkins is in the habit of buying and selling things, and I buy bottles of him. I have known Atkins about six months. I did not hear Atkins make the statement deposed to by the police.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, February 9.)</p>
<p>Verdict (both),
<rs id="t19100208-6-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-6-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-6-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GOODWILLIE, </hi>recalled, stated that Stallard had not been convicted of any offence. Atkins had been identified as
<persName id="t19100208-name-33">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-33" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-33" type="given" value="JAMES"/>James Brown</persName>, who was sentenced to three months at Old Street Police Court for stealing a fire-screen, but he had refused to give any further particu
<lb/>lars about himself. For the last six months both prisoners had been engaged in passing bad money in different parts of London. Stallard's wife had been frequently sent to change large sums of money in coppers, and on one occasion she got 4s. for a counterfeit four-shilling
<lb/>piece, which she said had been given her by a tradesman.</p>
<p>Sentences, Stallard
<rs id="t19100208-6-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-6-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-6-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-4-19100208 t19100208-6-punishment-8"/>Four years' penal servitude</rs>; Atkins,
<rs id="t19100208-6-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-6-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-6-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-4-19100208 t19100208-6-punishment-9"/>Five years' penal servitude</rs>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MR. JUSTICE COLERIDGE.</hi> </p>
<p>(Wednesday, February 9.)</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19100208-7" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100208"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-7" type="date" value="19100208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-7-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-7-19100208 t19100208-7-offence-1 t19100208-7-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-7-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-7-19100208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19100208" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19100208" type="surname" value="HARRISON"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19100208" type="given" value="WILLIAM CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19100208" type="occupation" value="seaman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRISON, </hi>William Charles (28, seaman)</persName>
<rs id="t19100208-7-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-7-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-7-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>, was charged on the coroner's inquisition with the manslaughter of
<persName id="t19100208-name-35" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-35" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-35" type="surname" value="BECK"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-35" type="given" value="EDITH B. M."/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-7-offence-1 t19100208-name-35"/>Edith B. M. Beck</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Graham-Campbell, who appeared for the prosecution, said that the coroner's jury returned a verdict of manslaughter, but when the case came before the police-court the magistrate, after hearing the evidence, discharged the defendant. The matter had been very care
<lb/>fully considered, and having regard to the medical evidence on the coroner's depositions, he was instructed, subject to the approval of the court, not to offer any evidence on the inquisition. It would be im
<lb/> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191002080011"/>
<p>possible to establish affirmatively that the cause of death might not have been accidental.</p>
<p>Mr. Justice Coleridge concurred.</p>
<rs id="t19100208-7-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-7-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-7-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>Not guilty</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19100208-8" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100208"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-8" type="date" value="19100208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-8-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-8-19100208 t19100208-8-offence-1 t19100208-8-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-8-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-8-19100208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19100208" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19100208" type="surname" value="BOURNE"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19100208" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19100208" type="occupation" value="housekeeper"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BOURNE, </hi>Thomas (34, housekeeper)</persName>, pleaded not guilty
<rs id="t19100208-8-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-8-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-8-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>of feloniously shooting at
<persName id="t19100208-name-37" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-37" type="surname" value="VALENTINE"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-37" type="given" value="SIDNEY NORMAN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-8-offence-1 t19100208-name-37"/>Sidney Norman Valentine</persName> with intent to murder him</rs>;
<rs id="t19100208-8-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-8-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-8-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>guilty of wounding with intent to do grievous bodily harm; the latter plea was accepted</rs>.</p>
<p>Mr. Forrest Fulton prosecuted; Mr. Marshall Hall, K.C., Mr. Curtis Bennett, and Mr. J. L. Myers appeared for prisoner.</p>
<rs id="t19100208-8-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-8-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-8-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-8-19100208 t19100208-8-punishment-10"/>18 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100208-9">
<interp inst="t19100208-9" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100208"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-9" type="date" value="19100208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-9-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-19100208 t19100208-9-offence-1 t19100208-9-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-9-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-9-19100208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19100208" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19100208" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19100208" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19100208" type="occupation" value="porter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WRIGHT, </hi>Henry (25, porter)</persName>, pleaded not guilty
<rs id="t19100208-9-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-9-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-9-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>of feloniously wounding
<persName id="t19100208-name-39" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-39" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-39" type="surname" value="PRYDE"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-39" type="given" value="CELIA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-9-offence-1 t19100208-name-39"/>Celia Pryde</persName> with intent to murder her</rs>;
<rs id="t19100208-9-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-9-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-9-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>guilty of wounding with intent to do grievous bodily harm; the latter plea was accepted</rs>.</p>
<p>Mr. Curtis Bennett prosecuted; Mr. Blake Odgers appeared for prisoner.</p>
<rs id="t19100208-9-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-9-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-9-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-19100208 t19100208-9-punishment-11"/>Nine months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100208-10">
<interp inst="t19100208-10" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100208"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-10" type="date" value="19100208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-10-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-19100208 t19100208-10-offence-1 t19100208-10-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-10-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-10-19100208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19100208" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19100208" type="surname" value="GOSS"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19100208" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19100208" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GOSS, </hi>Joseph (18, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19100208-10-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-10-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-10-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19100208-10-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-10-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-10-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>, of feloniously and carnally knowing
<persName id="t19100208-name-41" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-41" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-41" type="surname" value="GOSS"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-41" type="given" value="NELLIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-10-offence-1 t19100208-name-41"/>Nellie Goss</persName>, a girl under the age of 13 years.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19100208-10-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-10-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-10-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-19100208 t19100208-10-punishment-12"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100208-11">
<interp inst="t19100208-11" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100208"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-11" type="date" value="19100208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-11-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-19100208 t19100208-11-offence-1 t19100208-11-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-11-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-11-19100208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19100208" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19100208" type="surname" value="HAYSMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19100208" type="given" value="STEPHEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19100208" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HAYSMAN, </hi>Stephen (24, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19100208-11-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-11-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-11-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19100208-11-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-11-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="damage"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-11-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>, of feloniously and maliciously setting fire to a stack of hay, the property of
<persName id="t19100208-name-43" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-43" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-43" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-11-offence-1 t19100208-name-43"/>James Wood</persName> </rs>; he confessed to a previous conviction, and others were proved.</p>
<rs id="t19100208-11-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-11-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-11-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-19100208 t19100208-11-punishment-13"/>Three years' penal servitude</rs>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE RECORDER.</hi> </p>
<p>(Wednesday, February 9.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100208-12">
<interp inst="t19100208-12" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100208"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-12" type="date" value="19100208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-12-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-19100208 t19100208-12-offence-1 t19100208-12-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-12-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-12-19100208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19100208" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19100208" type="surname" value="CLARKE"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19100208" type="given" value="CHARLES J."/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19100208" type="occupation" value="postman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CLARKE, </hi>Charles J. (31, postman)</persName>,
<rs id="t19100208-12-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-12-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-12-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>stealing a postal packet con
<lb/>taining one cigarette case and certain moneys and postage stamps value together 13s. 6d., or thereabouts, the goods and moneys of His Majesty's
<persName id="t19100208-name-45" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-45" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-12-offence-1 t19100208-name-45"/>Postmaster-General</persName>, he being employed under the Post Office.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Forster Boulton prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-46" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-46" type="surname" value="BRUCE"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-46" type="given" value="EDWARD WHITE"/>EDWARD WHITE BRUCE, </persName> </hi>clerk in the Secretary's Office, General Post Office. Prior to January 11, 1910, a large number of losses of letters have been reported from the Chiswick Post Office, and on that day I made up a test letter addressed to "F. J. Crockford, 'Birkwood, ' Hartington Road, Chiswick, London, S.W., " a fictitious name and address, containing a letter, a silver cigarette case, florin, shilling, two penny and seven halfpenny postage stamps, all bearing my private mark, which I posted at the head office at 2.50 p.m., and which would come into prisoner's possession for delivery. It would be the post
<lb/>man's duty on being unable to deliver the letter to mark it "No such address, " with his initials, and to post it at the nearest post office</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191002080012"/>
<p>or pillar box. The letter would then be delivered to another postman on the same district, who would again attempt to deliver it. The letter was not returned, and from information received at 10.15 p.m. I went to a tobacconist's shop in Grove Park Road, where I saw the prisoner talking to the girl behind the counter. He had then finished his deliveries for the day. I called for some cigarettes, and tendered half a sovereign in payment, when the girl said she had no change. Prisoner offered to give me change, and handed me for my half
<lb/>sovereign three half-crowns, a florin, and sixpence. I paid for the cigarettes, left the shop and examined the florin, which I found to bear my private mark, and to be the coin I had put in the letter, and which I produce. It has a small "e" between "two" and "shillings" punched by the die produced. I gave instructions to Police-constable Roberts, who is attached to the Post Office, and he brought the pri
<lb/>soner to the Chiswick postmen's office. I described to prisoner the post packet, and told him its contents, and said, "This letter was taken out by you for your nine o'clock delivery. As it was un
<lb/>deliverable it should have been re-posted. Do you know anythingabout it? " He said, "I have got it all in my pocket, " and produced all its contents except the florin. I said, "Where is the two-shilling piece? " He said, "I cannot give it to you unless you give me back my change." I said, "Where is the cover? " He said, "I threw it away." The marks on the stamps were invisible until developed by an acid. In the folds of his handkerchief were found portions of the cardboard box, which also bore my mark.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-47" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-47" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-47" type="surname" value="PILOT"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-47" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN PILOT, </persName> </hi>Assistant Superintendent General Post Office. Postal packet mentioned by the last witness was despatched from the head office at 5 p.m. on January 11.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-48" type="surname" value="POULTER"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-48" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES POULTER, </persName> </hi>overseer, Chiswick Postmen's Office. On January 11 I received postal packet addressed to W. J. Crockford by five o'clock delivery, and handed it to prisoner for his 8.30 delivery. Pri
<lb/>soner left with it at 9.10 p.m.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROBERTS, </hi>attached to the General Post Office. On January 11, at 10.20 p.m., on instructions from Mr. Bruce, I asked prisoner to accompany me to the Chiswick Postmen's Office, and was present at the interview between him and Mr. Bruce. Prisoner pro
<lb/>duced two unopened letters (produced) which should have been de
<lb/>livered by him at about 9 a.m. One bears a fictitious address, and the other has subsequently been delivered. He asked me to return them to him, which I did, and he marked the fictitiously addressed one, "No such number in Grove Park Road, " adding his initials. He explained that he had not delivered the other because he had passed the address, and did not want to go back.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-49" type="surname" value="CLARKE"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-49" type="given" value="CHARLES JAMES"/>CHARLES JAMES CLARKE</persName> </hi>(prisoner, not on oath). I went to a house in Hortington Road and delivered a letter, and as I opened the gate to come out the parcel in question slipped from my hand and fell into a pool of water. I broke it open so that its contents Should not be</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191002080013"/>
<p>injured by the wet, and put the contents in my pocket. I went to the tobacconist's to buy cigarettes, when Mr. Bruce came in, and I changed the half-sovereign as he has described, giving him the florin. I afterwards handed the other articles to him.</p>
<rs id="t19100208-12-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-12-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-12-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<rs id="t19100208-12-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-12-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-12-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-19100208 t19100208-12-punishment-14"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100208-13">
<interp inst="t19100208-13" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100208"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-13" type="date" value="19100208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-13-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-19100208 t19100208-13-offence-1 t19100208-13-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-13-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-13-19100208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19100208" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19100208" type="surname" value="DOO"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19100208" type="given" value="SAMUEL PHILLIP"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19100208" type="occupation" value="coster"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DOO, </hi>Samuel Phillip (29, coster)</persName>
<rs id="t19100208-13-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-13-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-13-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19100208-13-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-13-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-13-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>, of feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19100208-name-51" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-51" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-51" type="surname" value="BURCHES"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-51" type="given" value="SARAH AGNES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-13-offence-1 t19100208-name-51"/>Sarah Agnes Burches</persName>, his wife being then alive.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner was stated to have deserted his wife and also the prose
<lb/>cutrix, whom he deceived into the belief that he was unmarried.</p>
<rs id="t19100208-13-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-13-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-13-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-19100208 t19100208-13-punishment-15"/>18 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100208-14">
<interp inst="t19100208-14" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100208"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-14" type="date" value="19100208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-14-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-19100208 t19100208-14-offence-1 t19100208-14-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-14-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-19100208 t19100208-14-offence-2 t19100208-14-verdict-"/>
<persName id="def1-14-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-14-19100208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19100208" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19100208" type="surname" value="GUPPY"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19100208" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19100208" type="occupation" value="engineer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GUPPY, </hi>Ernest (26, engineer)</persName>
<rs id="t19100208-14-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-14-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-14-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19100208-14-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-14-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-14-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, of breaking and entering the warehouse of
<persName id="t19100208-name-53" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-53" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-14-offence-1 t19100208-name-53"/>J. R. Bousfield and Company, Limited</persName>, and stealing therein four suits of clothes and one overcoat, their goods</rs>; he also confessed to having been convicted on June 30, 1900, in the name of
<persName id="t19100208-name-54">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-54" type="surname" value="PALMER"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-54" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>Albert Palmer</persName>, at Clerkenwell.</p>
<p>Prisoner was also
<rs id="t19100208-14-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-14-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-14-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="habitualCriminal"/>indicted as an habitual criminal</rs>, to which he pleaded not guilty.</p>
<p>The Recorder said that as prisoner had never been sentenced to penal servitude, but only to sentences of 9, 18, or 21 months' hard labour, he would try whether a sentence of penal servitude on the original indictment would have the necessary effect.</p>
<rs id="t19100208-14-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-14-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-14-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-19100208 t19100208-14-punishment-16"/>Four years' penal servitude</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100208-15">
<interp inst="t19100208-15" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100208"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-15" type="date" value="19100208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-15-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19100208 t19100208-15-offence-1 t19100208-15-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-15-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-15-19100208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19100208" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19100208" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19100208" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19100208" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAMS, </hi>George (25, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19100208-15-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-15-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-15-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19100208-15-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-15-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-15-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, of breaking and entering the
<placeName id="t19100208-geo-1">
<interp inst="t19100208-geo-1" type="type" value="site"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-15-offence-1 t19100208-geo-1"/>St. James's Church</placeName> and stealing therein one lectern, the goods of the churchwardens of the said church; being found by night having in his possession, without lawful excuse, a certain implement of house-breaking, to wit, a chisel</rs>; he also confessed to having been convicted on February 24, 1905, in the name of
<persName id="t19100208-name-56">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-56" type="surname" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-56" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>George Thomas</persName>, at Surrey Sessions, of church breaking, receiving 15 months'hard labour. Other convictions proved: July 5, 1906, Derby Borough Sessions, 15 months for stealing a bicycle; February 25, 1905, at Chelmsford, ten months' hard labour for breaking into a church, after two convictions of three and eight months concurrent for church breaking.</p>
<rs id="t19100208-15-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-15-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-15-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19100208 t19100208-15-punishment-17"/>Three years' penal servitude</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100208-16">
<interp inst="t19100208-16" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100208"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-16" type="date" value="19100208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-16-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-19100208 t19100208-16-offence-1 t19100208-16-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-16-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-16-19100208 t19100208-16-offence-1 t19100208-16-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-16-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-16-19100208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19100208" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19100208" type="surname" value="ROBERTSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19100208" type="given" value="GIDEON"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19100208" type="occupation" value="valet"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERTSON, </hi>Gideon (24, valet)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-16-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-16-19100208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-16-19100208" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def2-16-19100208" type="surname" value="KINNAIRD"/>
<interp inst="def2-16-19100208" type="given" value="LANCELOT JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def2-16-19100208" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">KINNAIRD, </hi>Lancelot James (23, clerk)</persName>
<rs id="t19100208-16-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-16-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-16-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/>, both breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t19100208-name-59" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-59" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-59" type="surname" value="SLADE"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-59" type="given" value="EDWARD JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-16-offence-1 t19100208-name-59"/>Edward James Slade</persName> and stealing therein one watch and other articles and the sum of ₤ 2 or thereabouts, his goods and moneys.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Purcell, for the prosecution, stated that Robertson had been acquitted at the Middlesex Sessions on the opening of the case. The bill was remitted to this Court owing to want of jurisdiction.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-60" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-60" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-60" type="surname" value="SLADE"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-60" type="given" value="EMILY JESSIE"/>EMILY JESSIE SLADE, </persName> </hi>25, St. Anne's Road, Harrow, wife of Edward James Slade. On January 6 my house was broken into, and a quantity of property stolen, including P.O. Savings Bank book, showing a credit balance of ₤ 14 10s., and containing my husband's signature. Notice of withdrawal produced purporting to be signed</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191002080014"/>
<p>by my husband is a forgery; also slip of paper authorizing receipt of a letter.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-61" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-61" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-61" type="surname" value="HARRY"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-61" type="given" value="RICHARD CHARLES"/>RICHARD CHARLES HARRY, </persName> </hi>clerk, Savings Bank Department, G.P.O. I received notice of withdrawal produced requesting warrant to be sent to 215, Vauxhall Bridge Road, payable at the Post Office, 329, Vauxhall Bridge Road, in the name of E. J. Slade. Believing the notice to be a forgery, I gave information to the police.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN HEDLEY, </hi>X Division. On January 18 I kept observation on 215, Vauxhall Bridge Road, and saw Robertson enter the shop and receive a letter; he then entered a public-house, spoke to Kinnaird, who was there, and came out. I spoke to Robert
<lb/>son, returned with him to the public-house, and said to Kinnaird, "This man says you sent him for a letter to 215, Vauxhall Bridge Road." He said, "Yes, that is right." I told him he would have to come with me to the police-station on a charge of housebreaking at Harrow. On the way to the station he said, "You know it was those two men who escaped from Brentford on Saturday"— alluding to two men who have since been rearrested. At the police-court Kin
<lb/>naird made a statement which I put in writing, and which he after
<lb/>wards signed, "I am at present staying at Rowton House, Newing
<lb/>ton Butts. I am 23 years of age. About Saturday week I met Peter Murray at the King's Cross Railway, Great Northern. I only knew him by sight, and had seen him frequently at Rowton House. He said, "Would you like a drink? ' I said, 'Thank you, ' and we went into the 'Victoria.' He said, 'I cracked a crib at Harrow.' He showed me some jewellery and a Savings Bank book and asked me to go and get the letter." He afterwards said, alluding to Robert
<lb/>son, who was there, "This man is innocent, but I am as crook as can be"— meaning that he was a thief. He was charged at Harrow Police Station.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Kinnaird made the statement in the presence of seven detectives. There was no pumping at all. He did not say, "As regards.Murray's movements, I was ignorant at the time and have been ever since."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HENRY OWEN, </hi>X Division. I was present when Kinnaird was arrested. At the station I searched Robertson and found on him a piece of paper produced, and in Kinnaird's presence Robertson said, "That was given me by the other man, " meaning Kinnaird— who said, "That is quite right." On searching Kin
<lb/>naird I found envelope addressed to Peter Murray, 215, Vauxhall Bridge Road, London, and two newspaper cuttings relating to the arrest and escape of Murray.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-62" type="surname" value="ROBERTSON"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-62" type="given" value="GIDEON"/>GIDEON ROBERTSON</persName> </hi>(prisoner). I am 24 years of age and reside at Rowton House, Newington Butts. I first met Kinnaird on January 17, the day before my arrest. He asked me if I would go up with him to get a letter that was addressed from a friend in Paris to 215, Vauxhall Bridge Road. We went there and he asked me to go in and get the letter, as the party in the shop knew him and he was not in a presentable condition. His appearance was all right. He said he would give me something for going. He gave me paper pro
<lb/> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191002080015"/>
<p>duced as an order for the letter. I obtained the letter and handed it to him. I was afterwards arrested, committed for trial, and acquitted.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Kinnaird. Kinnaird said the letter was coming from a friend in Paris addressed to 215, Vauxhall Bridge Road. If I had known the nature of it I should not have gone with him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-63" type="surname" value="KINNAIRD"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-63" type="given" value="LANCELOT JAMES"/>LANCELOT JAMES KINNAIRD</persName> </hi>(prisoner, not on oath). I met this man Murray at King's Cross and he told me a yarn about his past life for some five years, in the later part of which he had a very rough time. He eventually showed me this book, and he said if you can call in for this letter I will give you something for yourself. I did not like doing it, but I did not think there was anything really wrong. He has been quite the ringleader in it and as regards myself I do not see why I should be charged with anything.</p>
<p>Verdict, Kinnaird,
<rs id="t19100208-16-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-16-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-16-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty. The jury wished to say that they think he was probably led away by others</rs>.</p>
<p>No evidence was offered against Robertson and a verdict of
<rs id="t19100208-16-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-16-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-16-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs> was returned.</p>
<p>Sentence (Kinnaird),
<rs id="t19100208-16-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-16-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-16-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-16-19100208 t19100208-16-punishment-18"/>Three months' imprisonment, second division</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100208-17">
<interp inst="t19100208-17" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100208"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-17" type="date" value="19100208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-17-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-19100208 t19100208-17-offence-1 t19100208-17-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-17-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-19100208 t19100208-17-offence-2 t19100208-17-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-17-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-17-19100208 t19100208-17-offence-1 t19100208-17-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-17-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-17-19100208 t19100208-17-offence-3 t19100208-17-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-17-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-17-19100208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19100208" type="age" value="43"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19100208" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19100208" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19100208" type="occupation" value="gilder"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BROWN, </hi>Benjamin (43, gilder)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-17-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-17-19100208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-17-19100208" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def2-17-19100208" type="surname" value="MARSHALL"/>
<interp inst="def2-17-19100208" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="def2-17-19100208" type="occupation" value="painter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARSHALL, </hi>Charles (29, painter)</persName>
<rs id="t19100208-17-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-17-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-17-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, both stealing one barrow containing divers articles of clothing, the goods of
<persName id="t19100208-name-66" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-66" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-66" type="surname" value="JAY"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-66" type="given" value="LUCY"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-66" type="occupation" value="mantle maker"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-17-offence-1 t19100208-name-66"/>Lucy Jay</persName> </rs>; Brown
<rs id="t19100208-17-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-17-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-17-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>stealing one barrow contain
<lb/>ing 24 mantles and one costume, the goods of
<persName id="t19100208-name-67" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-67" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-67" type="surname" value="GOLDSTEIN"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-67" type="given" value="SOLOMON"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-17-offence-2 t19100208-name-67"/>Solomon Goldstein</persName> </rs>; Marshall
<rs id="t19100208-17-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-17-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-17-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>stealing one barrow containing 36 boxes of caps, the goods of
<persName id="t19100208-name-68" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-68" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-68" type="surname" value="COHEN"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-68" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-17-offence-3 t19100208-name-68"/>Harry Cohen</persName>, and stealing one barrow containing seven gross of boot pads and four hats, the goods of
<persName id="t19100208-name-69" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-69" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-69" type="surname" value="COOPER"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-69" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-17-offence-3 t19100208-name-69"/>Charles Cooper</persName> </rs>.</p>
<p>Mr. Beaumont Maurice prosecuted; Mr. C. A. H. Black defended Brown.</p>
<p>Marshall pleaded guilty of the two indictments relating to Lucy Jay and Harry Cohen; not guilty in the case of Charles Cooper.</p>
<p>Brown was tried on the case of Lucy Jay.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-70" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-70" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-70" type="surname" value="JAY"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-70" type="given" value="LUCY"/>LUCY JAY, </persName> </hi>Holloway Road, mantle maker. On January 15 I sent Herbert Crawford with a barrow containing goods to Watling Street in the City, and to bring back the articles of clothing produced, value ₤ 32. He returned without the barrow or goods, and made a com
<lb/>munication to me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-71" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-71" type="surname" value="CRAWFORD"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-71" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>HERBERT CRAWFORD, </persName> </hi>employed by the last witness. On January 15 I was sent to Watling Street, with a barrow, and left there with the goods produced at 1 p.m. I had got to Goswell Road, when Marshall came out of a shop and spoke to me. Brown was there. Marshall gave me 2s. I went into the post office to get something, and when I came out Marshall, the barrow and its contents, had disappeared. I then spoke to a policeman.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-72" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-72" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-72" type="surname" value="MYEROVITCH"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-72" type="given" value="LIPMAN"/>LIPMAN MYEROVITCH, </persName> </hi>82, Bedford Street, Whitechapel, carman. On Sunday, January 16, at 10.15 a.m., the two prisoners asked me to said</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191002080016"/>
<p>a one-horse van to fetch parcels from Tottenham Court Road, paid me 5s., and went away with the van driven by my carman Joseph Cohen.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-73" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-73" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-73" type="surname" value="COHEN"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-73" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH COHEN, </persName> </hi>carman to Myerovitch. On January 16 I drove with the two prisoners to Lumber Court, West Street, Cambridge Circus. Prisoners went up the court and returned with two bundles, which they put in the van and told me to drive on. I was stopped by a police-officer, who asked the prisoners what they had got in there. They said, "Old clothing, " and jumped out of the van and tried to run away, when the police stopped them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FRANCIS CURLE.</hi> On January 16, at 11 a.m., I was with other officers in West Street, when I saw the two prisoners get out of a van, go up Lumber Court and return with a rush basket and a bundle, which they put in the van. I asked what they had got when they jumped out of the van and ran away. Brown said, "It is only some old stuff. Come round the back and have a look at it." I arrested Marshall and another officer arrested Brown. Brown struggled very violently; other officers arrived and they were both conveyed to Vine Street. I examined the contents of the bundle— they are perfectly new clothing. Brown made no statement.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Marshall did not say that he alone was guilty.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS GERRARD DIVERS</hi>corroborated the last witness. Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">HENRY GERRARD, </hi>G Division. I took prisoners from Vine Street to City Road Police Station and charged them with being concerned in stealing six skirts and coats, the property of Lucy Jay, on the previous Saturday, in Goswell Road. Marshall said, "I want to say that I stole the coats. I went to Brown's place on Sunday morning and asked him if he could get me a van, and he took me to the man and got the van and said he would come with me. I said, 'If you do I will give you 6s.' He had nothing to do with the steal
<lb/>ing— the boy knows that." Brown said, "I can only say the same. I know nothing about it."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM BOWDEN, </hi>25 G. On Saturday, January 15, at 11.20 a.m., I saw Brown, Marshall, and two other men in Goswell Road, and directed them to go away. Marshall went down Aldersgate Street and Brown walked away after speaking to a news
<lb/>vendor— both walked towards the General Post Office. I know both prisoners by sight.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALBERT COOK, </hi>339 G. On January 15, at about 11.45 a.m., I was on duty in Goswell Road when I saw the two prisoners. I know them both as convicted thieves.</p>
<p>Mr. Black objected to this statement.</p>
<p>The Recorder said that the officer ought to be ashamed of himself for having made this statement, and that he should be reported. He directed that the case should be tried in another court and before another jury, discharging the present jury from giving a verdict.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191002080017"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE COMMON SERJEANT.</hi> </p>
<p>(Saturday, February 12.)</p>
<p>The case was retried before another jury, the evidence given at the previous hearing being repeated.</p>
<rs id="t19100208-17-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-17-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-17-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>. Many previous convictions were proved against both prisoners.</p>
<p>Sentences (each),
<rs id="t19100208-17-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-17-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-17-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-19100208 t19100208-17-punishment-19"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-17-19100208 t19100208-17-punishment-19"/>Three years' penal servitude</rs>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE COMMON SERJEANT.</hi> </p>
<p>(Wednesday, February 9.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100208-18">
<interp inst="t19100208-18" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100208"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-18" type="date" value="19100208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-18-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-19100208 t19100208-18-offence-1 t19100208-18-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-18-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-19100208 t19100208-18-offence-2 t19100208-18-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-18-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-18-19100208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19100208" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19100208" type="surname" value="ADAMS"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19100208" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19100208" type="occupation" value="actor"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ADAMS, </hi>James (23, actor)</persName>
<rs id="t19100208-18-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-18-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-18-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, indicted for uttering counterfeit coin three times on same day</rs>
<rs id="t19100208-18-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-18-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-18-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>and feloniously possessing mould for coining</rs>,
<rs id="t19100208-18-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-18-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-18-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty of uttering</rs>.</p>
<p>Mr. Fickersgill prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-75" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-75" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-75" type="surname" value="FOSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-75" type="given" value="ESSIE"/>ESSIE FOSTER, </persName> </hi>16, Clarence Gardens, N.W., wife of James Foster. On January 28 I was in Osnaburgh Street about half past 11 and my attention was attracted by a man not in custody, who was walking along by the Church Yard. When I got to the oil shop, which I entered, he stopped and looked through the window. When I came out he had gone on a bit further. Then I saw prisoner come out of the paper shop next door. Prisoner met the other man and they both walked along together until they came to another paper shop. They then crossed the road and prisoner went into the shop. When he came out I entered the shop and spoke to the little girl inside. Coming out I followed the two men and saw prisoner enter a chemist's shop. When he came out he met his companion. I then spoke to a police
<lb/>man and saw prisoner arrested, but the other man ran round the corner by Cumberland Haymarket.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-76" type="surname" value="BLACKSTAFFE"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-76" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BLACKSTAFFE, </persName> </hi>newsvendor, 29, Osnaburgh Street. On January 28, between half-past 11 and 12, prisoner came into my shop and purchased a halfpenny paper, for which he tendered 6d. I gave him 5½ d. change and put the sixpence in the till. Very shortly after
<lb/>wards a constable came to my place and said, "Have you taken any bad money." I took the sixpence from the till, which I then found was a bad one, and gave it to the constable, and later I identified prisoner at the station.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-77" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-77" type="surname" value="HERBERT"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-77" type="given" value="EDITH"/>EDITH HERBERT, </persName> </hi>aged 14, 78, Osnaburgh Street. My mother keeps a newsvendor's shop and I assist in the shop. On January 28 prisoner came into the shop and asked for a fourth "Star." He gave me sixpence and, I gave him 5½ d. change. A minute or two afterwards Mrs. Foster came in, and in consequence of what she said I tested the sixpence and found it was bad. I ran after prisoner and he came back to the shop with me. I told him the sixpence was a</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191002080018"/>
<p>bad one. He said, "I am sorry." He came back to the shop and gave mother a shilling.</p>
<p>To prisoner. When I caught you up you were only gone about 20 yards. You came back voluntarily.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-78" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-78" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-78" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-78" type="given" value="KICHARD OWEN"/>KICHARD OWEN JONES, </persName> </hi>assistant to Mr. Brunwell, chemist, 73, Osnaburgh Street. On January 28, about a quarter to 12, prisoner came to the shop and made a purchase to the value of 1d. Sixpence was tendered in payment and I gave him the change. I put the coin into the till, and about a quarter of an hour afterwards a policeman came in. In consequence of what he said I went to the till and found the sixpence given me by prisoner. It was a bad one.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CLIFFORD RANCE RANCE, </hi>436 S. On January 28, about 12 o'clock, in consequence of information received, I went to 78, Osnaburgh Street and there saw prisoner. I went inside and asked what was the matter, and was told by Mrs. Herbert he had been try
<lb/>ing to pass a bad 6d. I told him I had heard he had been try
<lb/>ing to pass bad money in two or three other shops in the same street, to which he replied, "I do not think so." I asked him if he had any more, and he said "No." I then told him I should want to search him, which I did, but failed to find any more bad money. I then told him I should take him into custody. He had upon him a good 6d., 5d. bronze, a scribbling pad, and two keys. I took him to the station and afterwards made inquiries at Blackstaffe's shop. I gave the two keys to Detective-sergeant Crookshank. Prisoner gave the address 8, Foley Street, Tottenham Court Road, and the name of James Adams.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">STEPHEN CROOKSHANK.</hi> I received the two keys from the last witness. I made inquiries at 8, Foley Street, and went in consequence to 7, Glengowe Mansions, Chapel Street, Brixton. The door had two locks on it, but one of them was latched. The flat contained four rooms, two bedrooms, a drawing-room, and a kitchen. In one of the bedrooms on the top of the wardrobe I found two parts of a mould wrapped up in a newspaper tied together. In the kitchen underneath the dresser I found some plaster of paris in a bag and a few pieces of white metal. On the dressing table in the first bedroom I found a small file which has traces of white metal on it, also a knife with plaster of paris on it and a pair of pliers which: might be used for holding the mould. I received the three bad six
<lb/>pences from Rance and formed the opinion that they had come from that mould.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-79" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-79" type="surname" value="FOWLER"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-79" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK FOWLER, </persName> </hi>caretaker, Glengowe Mansions, stated that he knew prisoner by the name of Goodman. He had rented a flat since August 4, 1909.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-80" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-80" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-80" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER, </persName> </hi>officer of His Majesty's Mint, said two of the three sixpences had certainly come from the same mould, but as to the third one there was a little difficulty, as it had been rather knocked about, but it was the same date as the others, 1909. Amongst the things found was a pair of pincers which could be used</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191002080019"/>
<p>as a clamp to hold the mould. The white metal found was green tin and was used for making base coin. The other articles found were such as were usually associated with the Mint cases.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-81" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-81" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-81" type="surname" value="ADAMS"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-81" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES ADAMS</persName> </hi>(prisoner, on oath). I was in Birmingham in May last year, at the Tivoli Theatre, and I came in contact with a man who gave me to understand his name was Frank Crichton. I have since met him on one or two occasions in different parts of the United Kingdom, and he told me he was working for a troupe of acrobats as baggage man, the truth of which I cannot say. I met him in Charing Cross Road about seven weeks ago, and he informed me he was out of employment and making these counterfeit coins, which he called by some slang name which I really forget now. I informed him I should not like to have anything to do with him as he was doing that kind of thing. He inquired where I was going, and I said I was going to Brixton. He had a small parcel under his arm, and he said to me, "As you are going over the water you might drop this in, " and he used some other words about "doing it in, " which is disposing: of it in some way, " as, " he said, "I do not wish to carry it about with me, nor to leave it in my lodgings." I took it off the fellow really to get rid of him, and I put it in my overcoat pocket and went down to the embankment. Getting on a tram, I forgot all about this parcel, and when I got home I opened it and found these bits of chalk, as I thought they were, wrapper up in newspaper, and various other little items, a pair of pliers, nail-cutter, a small knife, and a small brown paper parcel, which I found contained some pieces of white metal. I hid them in various places, so that my wife should not see them. On January 28 I met Crichton opposite Portland Road Station. We got into conversation and he informed me he had a lot of these sixpences on him, and he asked me, as he said I had a good appearance if I would go and change some of them for him. (Prisoner gave corroborative details as to the passing of the bad money.) When the girl Herbert asked me for the 5½ d. change I felt thoroughly ashamed of myself, and I thought it would be better to go back to the shop, even at the risk of being locked up, than be with this man. With regard to the plaster of paris, it was bought by my wife on account of a defect in one of the gas pipes; she was going to plaster it round.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I gave the address in Foley Street because my father lives there, and I am generally there when I am in London. I have all my correspondence addressed there; also I did not want my wife to know the disgrace I had brought on myself. I am aware that the charge against me is being in possession of the mould without law
<lb/>ful authority or excuse.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-82" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-82" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-82" type="surname" value="ADAMS"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-82" type="given" value="MAUD"/>MAUD ADAMS, </persName> </hi>prisoner's wife, stated that the plaster of Paris was bought by her maid by her directions, as she thought it would be a good thing to mend a defect in the pipe of the gas stove. She had</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191002080020"/>
<p>never seen her husband using the plaster, nor in the company of the man referred to.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The plaster was bought the night before my hus
<lb/>band was locked up. I did not say to the officer I did not know the plaster of Paris was there. If I had been afraid of the police finding it it would not have been there. I said I did not know anything about the mould on the top of the wardrobe. I was shown the white metal. I do not know where that was found. The plaster of Paris was found in the kitchen cupboard. I suppose the maid put it there. The detective took the small file, a pair of pincers, and a nail-cutter off my dressing-table. The file, which has a mother-of-pearl handle, is part of a manicure set that belongs to me. The pocket knife is also mine.</p>
<rs id="t19100208-18-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-18-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-18-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty of possessing</rs>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CROOKSHANK</hi>recalled, said that prisoner, in the name of
<persName id="t19100208-name-83">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-83" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-83" type="surname" value="MURRAY"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-83" type="given" value="JAMES"/>James Murray</persName>, was bound over at Bow Street Police Court under the Probation of Offenders' Act on January 8, 1908, for three years for warehouse breaking. Since that time he had been travelling the country with exhibitions of sea lions. In August last year he was engaged at His Majesty's Theatre, London, in a play called "False Gods, " in a minor position as "extra gentleman, " or something of that description. That engagement terminated in November, and since then he had been doing nothing.</p>
<rs id="t19100208-18-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-18-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-18-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-19100208 t19100208-18-punishment-20"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100208-19">
<interp inst="t19100208-19" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100208"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-19" type="date" value="19100208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-19-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-19-19100208 t19100208-19-offence-1 t19100208-19-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-19-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-19-19100208 t19100208-19-offence-1 t19100208-19-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-19-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-19-19100208 t19100208-19-offence-1 t19100208-19-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-19-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-19-19100208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19100208" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19100208" type="surname" value="COOPER"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19100208" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19100208" type="occupation" value="agent"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COOPER, </hi>Frederick (24, agent)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-19-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-19-19100208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-19-19100208" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def2-19-19100208" type="surname" value="WALLACE"/>
<interp inst="def2-19-19100208" type="given" value="JOHN WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def2-19-19100208" type="occupation" value="agent"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALLACE</hi>John William (34, agent)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-19-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-19-19100208" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def3-19-19100208" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def3-19-19100208" type="surname" value="WATERS"/>
<interp inst="def3-19-19100208" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="def3-19-19100208" type="occupation" value="cook"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WATERS, </hi>Mary (34, cook)</persName>
<rs id="t19100208-19-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-19-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-19-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, all feloniously making and having in their possession moulds for making counterfeit coin</rs>. Cooper and Wallace
<rs id="t19100208-19-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-19-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-19-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Mr. Wilkinson prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM BURNHAM, </hi>G. On January 3 I went with other officers to 1, Compton Passage, Compton Street, Clerken
<lb/>well. I knocked at the front door, which was opened by the woman Waters. 1 said, "I am a police officer, " and tried to enter the house. As soon as I said that she seized hold of me and shouted, "Jack, Jack, the police." Sergeant Garrard came to my assistance, and I got away from her. I handed her over to Sergeant Garrard and entered the house, walked along the passage, and entered the second room on the right-hand side. The woman said, "I do not know any
<lb/>thing about it." At that time I had not said anything about any coinage offence. There was a bed in the room. I went further down the passage, and came to a door that was bolted on the outside. As I was about to enter that door she said, "I do not know what is going on there." I unbolted the door, and in the room I saw the two male prisoners. Upon the table I found a mould for making sixpences. I found also the sixpence produced, which has a piece of plaster of paris on it. A large fire was burning in the grate. I searched the fireplace and found three parts of two moulds, one being for a shilling and one for sixpence. Upon the table I also found part of a mould for making shillings, the reverse side having been obliterated by scrap
<lb/> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191002080021"/>
<p>ing. There were three knives on the table with pieces of plaster of Paris adhering, a large piece of glass, two files and some pincers, which might be used as a vice, an iron spoon, four white metal spoons which might be used for making coins, a tallow candle, used in making the mould, and a scrubbing brush for cleaning the coins. I found three crucibles, in one of which there was metal; one of the crucibles was hot. The female prisoner was subsequently brought into the room by Garrard, Cooper said, "That woman don't know anything about it." Wallis said, "We are novices at this game; we are experimenting." I afterwards went into the room I had looked into first, where I saw a man's hat and coat hanging up. I said to prisoners Waters, "Whose hat and coat is this? " She said, " Jack's. He is my cousin. They asked me to let them have the room for a couple of hours. I did not know what they were doing in there. I was just going in to cook my dinner." When charged prisoners made no reply. Waters also said, "I am in charge of these rooms; I am responsible; they are my mother's rooms, but I am responsible." She also said her mother was out all day at work. I searched Wallace and found on him a good shilling.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HENRY GARRARD, </hi>G. I was present when the last witness searched the house. I noticed that the window of the room in which the male prisoners were found was covered up with a sort of double blind, one side of it being green and the other black.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-87" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-87" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-87" type="surname" value="KINSHOTT"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-87" type="given" value="JANE"/>JANE KINSHOTT, </persName> </hi>female searcher, King's Cross Road Police Station, spoke to finding on prisoner Waters ₤ 4 in her stocking and 8s. and 5d. in bronze in her jacket pocket.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-88" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-88" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-88" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER, </persName> </hi>officer of H.M. Mint. The sixpence pro
<lb/>duced is the pattern piece on which the mould has been made. There are three half moulds for the reverses of shillings, which have been made from a good shilling pattern piece. The knives have plaster on them. The glass is for making the moulds, and has marks of plaster on it. All the articles found form the stock-in-trade of a coiner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-89" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-89" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-89" type="surname" value="WATERS"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-89" type="given" value="MARY"/>MARY WATERS</persName> </hi>(prisoner, on oath). On January 3, at 12.40, I was cleaning my windows when the two men came down the turning. One (Cooper) was an entire stranger to me, and the other I had known for four years. Wallace owed me a sovereign, which I had lent him on Christmas Eve when I met him by accident. Previous to that I had not seen him since October 2. I had just received from my brother-in-law a matter of ₤ 10 which he owed me, so I was able to lend him a sovereign out of that. Wallace said to me, "Can I go in for a little while? " I said, "What about that? " I referred to the money he had to give me. He said, "I have no money, but you can take my overcoat and pawn." That is how the coat came into my bedroom, or rather my mother's. I told him to hang it on the bannisters, and I would put it into the bedroom after. I then</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191002080022"/>
<p>finished the windows, put on my old cap, and went out. I was out about three minutes, and just after I came in there was a knock at the door. I threw my cap off and opened the door. When I did so two men pushed their way into the passage. I said, "Yes, what do you want? " One of them said, "We are police officers." I said, "What is the meaning of that? " The one that spoke first caught hold of me by the wrist until he drew blood, and I halloaed out "Jack." When he said he was a police officer I called out "Jack, " and before I could say it again the other officer put his hand over my mouth. They then closed the street door, and one of them walked through. The door at the end of the passage was opened, I think, by Wallace. The door was bolted on the inside; there was no bolt on the outside; there is no hole for the bolt to go in. The door does not fit perfectly. It is a door my brother-in-law fitted up for my mother to keep the cat from getting into the place and breaking the things. The other prisoners bolted themselves in, and I knew nothing about what they were doing. As long as I have known Wallace I have never received a penny of him, and the other man is a stranger to me.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I went out to get the money for some clothing that I sell. I was living with my mother for the time being. Some
<lb/>times I go to live with my sister-in-law. I swept the back room where the other prisoners were in the morning and lighted the fire about twelve o'clock. There was not a very large fire. It is only a little stove with a brick in the bottom where it has been broken away. I am certain that the door was bolted from the inside.</p>
<p>To the Court. I did not notice that one of the men was carrying a parcel.</p>
<p>Verdict, Waters
<rs id="t19100208-19-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-19-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-19-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>. Several previous convictions were proved against Cooper. Wallace had been charged with stealing a horse and cab valued at ₤ 70, and with robbing a drunken person who had got into a cab, but on both occasions was discharged.</p>
<p>Sentence, Cooper,
<rs id="t19100208-19-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-19-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-19-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-19-19100208 t19100208-19-punishment-21"/>Five years' penal servitude</rs>; Wallace,
<rs id="t19100208-19-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-19-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-19-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-19-19100208 t19100208-19-punishment-22"/>Three years' penal servitude</rs>; Waters,
<rs id="t19100208-19-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-19-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-19-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-19-19100208 t19100208-19-punishment-23"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100208-20">
<interp inst="t19100208-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100208"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-20" type="date" value="19100208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-20-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-19100208 t19100208-20-offence-1 t19100208-20-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-20-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-20-19100208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19100208" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19100208" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19100208" type="given" value="HENRY GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19100208" type="occupation" value="stoker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BROWN, </hi>Henry George (34, stoker)</persName>
<rs id="t19100208-20-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-20-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-20-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19100208-20-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-20-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-20-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>, of feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19100208-name-91" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-91" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-91" type="surname" value="DUNLOP"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-91" type="given" value="LILLIE HANNAH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-20-offence-1 t19100208-name-91"/>Lillie Hannah Dunlop</persName>, his wife being then alive.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner was married in 1893, and left his wife last year in con
<lb/>sequence of her drunken habits. In December last he went through the form of marriage with Dunlop, who appears to have known that he was a married man and had children.</p>
<rs id="t19100208-20-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-20-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-20-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-19100208 t19100208-20-punishment-24"/>Two months' hard labour</rs>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUDGE RENTOUL.</hi> </p>
<p>(Wednesday, February 9.)</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19100208-21" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100208"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-21" type="date" value="19100208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-21-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-19100208 t19100208-21-offence-1 t19100208-21-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-21-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-21-19100208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19100208" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19100208" type="surname" value="BRIDGER"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19100208" type="given" value="ROBERT OWEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19100208" type="occupation" value="architect"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BRIDGER, </hi>Robert Owen (23, architect)</persName>
<rs id="t19100208-21-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-21-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-21-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>, committing acts of gross indecency with
<persName id="t19100208-name-93" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-93" type="surname" value="COLLINSON"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-93" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-21-offence-1 t19100208-name-93"/>William Collinson</persName> and
<persName id="t19100208-name-94" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-94" type="surname" value="PERKINS"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-94" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-21-offence-1 t19100208-name-94"/>Thomas Perkins</persName>, male per
<lb/>sons; attempting to procure the commission of an act of gross in
<lb/>decency with
<persName id="t19100208-name-95" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-95" type="surname" value="MASKENS"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-95" type="given" value="HARRY EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-21-offence-1 t19100208-name-95"/>Harry Edward Maskens</persName> and committing an act of gross indecency with G
<persName id="t19100208-name-96" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-96" type="surname" value="HESTER"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-96" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-21-offence-1 t19100208-name-96"/>eorge Hester</persName>, male persons</rs>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191002080023"/>
<p>Mr. Bodkin and Mr. Roome prosecuted; Mr. C. F. Gill, K.C., and Mr. Symmons defended.</p>
<rs id="t19100208-21-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-21-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-21-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19100208-22" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100208"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-22" type="date" value="19100208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-22-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-19100208 t19100208-22-offence-1 t19100208-22-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-22-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-22-19100208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19100208" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19100208" type="surname" value="RAPSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19100208" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19100208" type="occupation" value="electrician's mate"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RAPSON, </hi>Charles (37, electrician's mate)</persName>
<rs id="t19100208-22-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-22-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-22-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="indecentAssault"/>, indecently assaulting
<persName id="t19100208-name-98" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-98" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-98" type="surname" value="POWELL"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-98" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-22-offence-1 t19100208-name-98"/>Elizabeth Powell</persName>,
<persName id="t19100208-name-99" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-99" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-99" type="surname" value="POWELL"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-99" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-22-offence-1 t19100208-name-99"/>Ellen Powell</persName>, and
<persName id="t19100208-name-100" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-100" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-100" type="surname" value="MALCOLM"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-100" type="given" value="MAY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-22-offence-1 t19100208-name-100"/>May Malcolm</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Clarke Hall prosecuted.</p>
<rs id="t19100208-22-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-22-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-22-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<rs id="t19100208-22-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-22-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-22-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-19100208 t19100208-22-punishment-25"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100208-23">
<interp inst="t19100208-23" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100208"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-23" type="date" value="19100208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-23-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-19100208 t19100208-23-offence-1 t19100208-23-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-23-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-23-19100208" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19100208" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19100208" type="surname" value="SINDALL"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19100208" type="given" value="LILY BEATRICE"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19100208" type="occupation" value="servant"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SINDALL, </hi>Lily Beatrice (20, servant)</persName>
<rs id="t19100208-23-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-23-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-23-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19100208-23-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-23-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-23-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="concealingABirth"/>, that, hav
<lb/>ing being delivered of a certain female child, she did, by a secret dis
<lb/>position of the dead body, endeavour to conceal the birth thereof.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19100208-23-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-23-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-23-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-19100208 t19100208-23-punishment-26"/>Prisoner was released on her own recognisances in ₤ 10 to come up for judgment if called upon</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100208-24">
<interp inst="t19100208-24" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100208"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-24" type="date" value="19100208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-24-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-24-19100208 t19100208-24-offence-1 t19100208-24-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-24-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-24-19100208 t19100208-24-offence-1 t19100208-24-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-24-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-24-19100208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19100208" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19100208" type="surname" value="TURNEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19100208" type="given" value="CHARLES RALPH THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19100208" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">TURNEY, </hi>Charles Ralph Thomas (20, labourer)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-24-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-24-19100208" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-24-19100208" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def2-24-19100208" type="surname" value="HUDSON"/>
<interp inst="def2-24-19100208" type="given" value="HARRIET JESSIE"/>
<interp inst="def2-24-19100208" type="occupation" value="cook"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HUDSON, </hi>Harriet Jessie (29, cook)</persName>
<rs id="t19100208-24-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-24-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-24-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19100208-24-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-24-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-24-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>, of abandoning a certain male child under the age of two years, whereby its life was endangered.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentences, Turney
<rs id="t19100208-24-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-24-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-24-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-24-19100208 t19100208-24-punishment-27"/>18 months' hard labour</rs>, Hudson
<rs id="t19100208-24-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-24-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-24-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-24-19100208 t19100208-24-punishment-28"/>one month's imprisonment second division</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100208-25">
<interp inst="t19100208-25" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100208"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-25" type="date" value="19100208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-25-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-19100208 t19100208-25-offence-1 t19100208-25-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-25-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-25-19100208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19100208" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19100208" type="surname" value="HENSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19100208" type="given" value="GEORGE HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19100208" type="occupation" value="painter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENSON, </hi>George Henry (30 painter)</persName>
<rs id="t19100208-25-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-25-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-25-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19100208-25-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-25-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-25-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, that, in in
<lb/>curring a debt and liability of 7s. 6d. to
<persName id="t19100208-name-105" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-105" type="surname" value="CANNON"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-105" type="given" value="STEPHEN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-25-offence-1 t19100208-name-105"/>Stephen Cannon</persName> he did obtain credit to the amount by false pretences, and by means of fraud other than false pretences.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Gimblett, who prosecuted, stated that prisoner had systematic
<lb/>ally gone about engaging apartments and lodgings and made false statements to landladies as to where he was working, and also borrowed money from them under false pretences and fraud, and then cleared off without paying anything.</p>
<p>Numerous previous convictions were proved.</p>
<rs id="t19100208-25-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-25-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-25-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-19100208 t19100208-25-punishment-29"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100208-26">
<interp inst="t19100208-26" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100208"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-26" type="date" value="19100208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-26-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-19100208 t19100208-26-offence-1 t19100208-26-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-26-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-19100208 t19100208-26-offence-2 t19100208-26-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-26-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-26-19100208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19100208" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19100208" type="surname" value="BENSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19100208" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19100208" type="occupation" value="tinsmith"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BENSON, </hi>George (25, tinsmith)</persName>
<rs id="t19100208-26-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-26-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-26-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19100208-26-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-26-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-26-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, of robbery with violence upon
<persName id="t19100208-name-107" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-107" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-107" type="surname" value="HERWIG"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-107" type="given" value="KATE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-26-offence-1 t19100208-name-107"/>Kate Herwig</persName> and stealing from her one handbag con
<lb/>taining 15s., and other articles, the goods and, moneys of
<persName id="t19100208-name-108" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-108" type="surname" value="HERWIG"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-108" type="given" value="CECIL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-26-offence-1 t19100208-name-108"/>Cecil Her
<lb/>wig</persName> </rs>;
<rs id="t19100208-26-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-26-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-26-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>attempting to steal one handbag containing ₤ 3 and other articles, the goods and moneys of
<persName id="t19100208-name-109" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-109" type="surname" value="CLEMENTS"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-109" type="given" value="JAMES EBENEZER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-26-offence-2 t19100208-name-109"/>James Ebenezer Clements</persName>, from the person of
<persName id="t19100208-name-110" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-110" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-110" type="surname" value="CLEMENTS"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-110" type="given" value="ELIZABETH ANN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-26-offence-2 t19100208-name-110"/>Elizabeth Ann Clements</persName> </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t19100208-26-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-26-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-26-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-19100208 t19100208-26-punishment-30"/>Four months' hard labour</rs>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MR. JUSTICE COLERIDGE.</hi> </p>
<p>(Thursday, February 10.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100208-27">
<interp inst="t19100208-27" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100208"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-27" type="date" value="19100208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-27-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-27-19100208 t19100208-27-offence-1 t19100208-27-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-27-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-27-19100208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19100208" type="age" value="56"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19100208" type="surname" value="JACKSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19100208" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19100208" type="occupation" value="mason"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JACKSON, </hi>Walter (56, mason)</persName>, breaking and entering the dwell
<lb/>ing-house of
<persName id="t19100208-name-112" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-112" type="surname" value="CAMPBELL"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-112" type="given" value="JOHN HUNTER"/>John Hunter Campbell</persName>, and stealing therein a hat, his goods;
<rs id="t19100208-27-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-27-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-27-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>feloniously wounding the said
<persName id="t19100208-name-113" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-113" type="surname" value="CAMPBELL"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-113" type="given" value="JOHN HUNTER"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-113" type="occupation" value="artist, designer"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-27-offence-1 t19100208-name-113"/>John Hunter Campbell</persName>, with intent to murder him</rs>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191002080024"/>
<p>Mr. Bodkin, Mr. Leycester, and Mr. Roome prosecuted; Mr. St. John McDonald defended.</p>
<p>The indictment for attempted murder was tried.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">LODGER, </hi>T division, proved a plan to scale of the neighbourhood in question in the case.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-114" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-114" type="surname" value="CAMPBELL"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-114" type="given" value="JOHN HUNTER"/>JOHN HUNTER CAMPBELL, </persName> </hi>artist and designer. I live with my wife at 69, Atbara Road, Teddington; we keep no servant. On Janu
<lb/>ary 4 my wife went out at twenty to four in the afternoon; ten minutes afterwards I heard a noise in the hall, and on going there I saw prisoner; he said he was looking after rooms, he had met my wife, and she had given him the key, and he had let himself in. I knew this must be false. We got into the dining-room, and I knocked against the wall; this was a usual signal to my daughter, who lives next door, that we wanted her to come in. Prisoner struck me a fear
<lb/>ful blow on the head with a jemmy, and I was stunned for the moment. My daughter came in, and prisoner threatened her; she went away screaming "Police." As prisoner was going away I got up and followed him; in the hall there was a china vase, which had been broken, and I hit prisoner with the bottom bit of it; we struggled together for several minutes. Prisoner pulled out a revolver and fired three times at me; I heard three clicks, but the revolver did not go off. Prisoner ran out at the front door and got away. When I first saw him he was wearing a brown bowler hat; this fell off in the scuffle, and was afterwards found in the house (Exhibit 8); when he escaped he was wearing my Trilby hat. I recognise the jemmy and pistol produced as those used by prisoner. On January 15 I went to the police station and picked out prisoner from a number of other men; I am positive he is the man.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. At the identification I did not say "I believe that is the man, I am almost sure, but I am not certain." I struck pri
<lb/>soner with the broken vase in the face, pretty hard.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CAMPBELL.</hi> On leaving the house at twenty to four I am certain I closed the front door. I noticed prisoner in the road. When I went to the police station I was nervous and I failed to identify prisoner, but I am now certain he is the man.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-115" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-115" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-115" type="surname" value="WARREN"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-115" type="given" value="ETHEL FLORENCE"/>ETHEL FLORENCE WARREN, </persName> </hi>married daughter of the prosecutor, living in the next door house, said that on hearing a knock at the wall she went by the back garden into No. 69; she saw prisoner in the hall; he pointed a revolver at her, and she went out screaming for the police. She saw prisoner as he ran from the house; he was wearing a long dark overcoat with a velvet collar. On prisoner being placed with other men at the police station witness thought he was the man, but could not be positive.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-116" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-116" type="surname" value="POOLE"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-116" type="given" value="JOHN COPELAND"/>JOHN COPELAND POOLE, </persName> </hi>M.R.C.S. Shortly after four, on Janu
<lb/>ary 4, I was called to attend prosecutor. He had a cut on the back of the head about two inches long, going down to the bone; this might have resulted from a violent blow with the jemmy produced.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191002080025"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-117" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-117" type="surname" value="WOODS"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-117" type="given" value="WILLIAM LOUIS"/>WILLIAM LOUIS WOODS, </persName> </hi>gardener, 76, Atbara Road. I heard Mrs. Warren screaming out "Murder, " and on going into the road I saw prisoner coming out of No. 69; he ran towards Broom water; I ran after him; as he was jumping over a fence leading to Culchett Hall grounds I caught him up; I was going to take hold of his leg, when he pointed a revolver at me and threatened to blow out my brains if I touched him. He made off into the grounds. I noticed that his face was bleeding. I immediately picked out prisoner from other men at the police station.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-118" type="surname" value="DORMER"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-118" type="given" value="ERNEST WILLIAM"/>ERNEST WILLIAM DORMER.</persName> </hi> I was in St. Winifred's Road about four o'clock; the grounds of Culchett Hall lead into that road; I saw prisoner get over the fence there into the road. Later on I told Police-constable Magna, and took him to the place where I had seen prisoner. I am certain prisoner is the man I saw climb the fence. His face was bleeding.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-119" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-119" type="surname" value="COLOMBO"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-119" type="given" value="AMELIA"/>AMELIA COLOMBO, </persName> </hi>30, Albert Street, Camden Town. On Decem
<lb/>ber 23 prisoner and a woman came to lodge at my house. He used to go out in the morning and return after eleven at night. On Janu
<lb/>ary 5 (the day after prisoner's arrest) his wife told me not to go into his room that day as prisoner was in bed.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Before prisoner took the room it had been empty for six months. Prisoner always wore a grey overcoat.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-120" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-120" type="surname" value="COLOMBO"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-120" type="given" value="JENNIE LOUISA"/>JENNIE LOUISA COLOMBO, </persName> </hi>daughter of last witness, said that pri
<lb/>soner used to wear a brown bowler hat similar to Exhibit 8.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MAGNA.</hi> On January 4 I went to 69, Atbara Road, and saw, prosecutor. I took possession of the hat (Exhibit 8). On searching the grounds of Culchett Hall I found the revolver (pro
<lb/>duced); it was a six-chambered revolver; three chambers were unex
<lb/>ploded. Later on Inspector Ashley gave me three keys; on going to 69, Atbara Road, I found that one of them opened the front door.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner did state that the key opened his grand
<lb/>mother's front door; I did not go to his grandmother's house to test it; it is a skeleton key and would open half the doors in Teddington.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM BURNHAM.</hi> On December 3 I was keeping obser
<lb/>vation on 42, Cumming Street, Islington; I saw prisoner enter that house. On January 6 I was in Arlington Road, Camden Town, which is very near Albert Street, and not two miles from Cumming Street. I was with other officers, and, after resistance on his part, we secured prisoner. He attempted to put his hand into his pocket, saying, "I will shoot you; I have got a shooting iron." On his being" searched no weapon was found on him, but there were 27 No. 9 Eli pin-fire cartridges. The three cartridges produced (taken from Ex
<lb/>hibit 8) are exactly similar to those. On January 7 I went to 30, Albert Street. In his room I found up the chimney the jemmy and three keys (produced). On the day of his arrest I noticed the mark of a recent cut on his cheekbone, and his eyes were much inflamed.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN ASHLEY.</hi> On January 15 I saw prisoner at South
<lb/>Western Police Court. I told him he would be charged with house
<lb/>breaking and the attempted murder of J. H. Campbell on Tuesday,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191002080026"/>
<p>January 4; he said, "What day was it? " I said, "Last Tuesday week"; he said, "I know nothing about it, and I can prove I was in bed from Sunday till Wednesday." In reply to the formal charge he said, "On the 4th I was in bed." I noticed that he had a slight abrasion near the left eye and a recently healed wound on the left cheekbone.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I notice a scar on prisoner's cheek now; that is not the one I am referring to.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ARTHUR BELDERSON</hi>spoke to the details of the identifica
<lb/>tion of prisoner by the various witnesses.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-121" type="surname" value="JACKSON"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-121" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER JACKSON</persName> </hi>(prisoner, on oath) declared that he was in bed and did not get up on January 4 and 5. The bag containing 27 cart
<lb/>ridges was on January 6 given him in Euston Road by two men named Gibbs and Thompson to mind. He (prisoner) knew nothing about revolvers, and had never fired one in his life. He was not in Atbara Road on January 4. He had never worn a bowler hat or a Trilby hat in' his life; he had never seen the jemmy (produced). He denied that when he was arrested he had a recent scar on his face; he challenged the pro
<lb/>secution to produce the medical sheet which must have been prepared at the time he was admitted to prison. He had all his life had a scar under his left eye. Two of the three keys produced were those of houses where he had lodged; the third was the key of his grand
<lb/>mother's house. (At the request of the jury prisoner put on the bowler hat (Exhibit 8), which he admitted fitted him.)</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I still say that I never wore a brown bowler hat. The story about my having a recent wound on my face is a pure in
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-122" type="surname" value="ELMER"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-122" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM ELMER</persName> </hi>and
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOSEPH NORMAN, </hi>who were with the row of men amongst whom prisoner was put up for identification, were called to bear out prisoner's statement that some of the witnesses were un
<lb/>certain as to his identity.</p>
<rs id="t19100208-27-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-27-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-27-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>. Prisoner confessed to a previous conviction.</p>
<p>The indictment for housebreaking in the Campbell case was not proceeded with, nor were two other indictments for housebreaking.</p>
<p>Police evidence proved that prisoner had repeated convictions re
<lb/>corded against him since he was 22 years old. Sentences totalling 24 years had been passed upon him, including six years' and seven years' penal servitude.</p>
<rs id="t19100208-27-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-27-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-27-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-27-19100208 t19100208-27-punishment-31"/>Ten years' penal servitude</rs>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191002080027"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE RECORDER.</hi> </p>
<p>(Thursday, February 10.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100208-28">
<interp inst="t19100208-28" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100208"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-28" type="date" value="19100208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-28-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28-19100208 t19100208-28-offence-1 t19100208-28-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-28-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-28-19100208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19100208" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19100208" type="surname" value="HODSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19100208" type="given" value="ERNEST ALFRED"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19100208" type="occupation" value="commission agent"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HODSON, </hi>Ernest Alfred (28, commission agent)</persName>
<rs id="t19100208-28-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-28-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-28-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19100208-28-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-28-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-28-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, that, having received ₤ 6 19s. and 1s. l0d. from
<persName id="t19100208-name-124" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-124" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-124" type="surname" value="PALMER"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-124" type="given" value="ANNIE AMELIA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-28-offence-1 t19100208-name-124"/>Annie Amelia Pal
<lb/>mer</persName>; 1s. 11d. from
<persName id="t19100208-name-125" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-125" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-125" type="surname" value="WIGGINS"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-125" type="given" value="MARIA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-28-offence-1 t19100208-name-125"/>Maria Wiggins</persName>, and 1s. from
<persName id="t19100208-name-126" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-126" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-126" type="surname" value="BARCLAY"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-126" type="given" value="MARION"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-28-offence-1 t19100208-name-126"/>Marion Barclay</persName> in each case for and on account of the
<persName id="t19100208-name-127" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-127" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-28-offence-1 t19100208-name-127"/>Royal London Mutual Insurance Society, Limited</persName>, he did fraudulently convert the said sums to his own use and benefit.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-128" type="surname" value="HODSON"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-128" type="given" value="JOHN WILLIAM"/>JOHN WILLIAM HODSON, </persName> </hi>brother of prisoner, stated that he was willing to become surety for his good behaviour and to find him em
<lb/>ployment if liberated.</p>
<rs id="t19100208-28-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-28-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-28-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28-19100208 t19100208-28-punishment-32"/>Prisoner was released on his own recognisances in ₤ 50 and those of his brother in ₤ 25 to come up for judgment if called upon</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100208-29">
<interp inst="t19100208-29" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100208"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-29" type="date" value="19100208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-29-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-29-19100208 t19100208-29-offence-1 t19100208-29-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-29-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-29-19100208 t19100208-29-offence-1 t19100208-29-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-29-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-29-19100208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19100208" type="age" value="39"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19100208" type="surname" value="ABRAHAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19100208" type="given" value="JOHN CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19100208" type="occupation" value="company promoter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ABRAHAM, </hi>John Charles (39, company promoter)</persName>, and
<hi rend="largeCaps">ABRAHAM, </hi>
<persName id="def2-29-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-29-19100208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-29-19100208" type="age" value="73"/>
<interp inst="def2-29-19100208" type="surname" value="ABRAHAM"/>
<interp inst="def2-29-19100208" type="given" value="AUGUSTUS JOHN"/>Augustus John (73, no occupation)</persName>,
<rs id="t19100208-29-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-29-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-29-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>both conspiring and agreeing together and with others unknown to obtain by false pretences from
<persName id="t19100208-name-131" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-131" type="surname" value="TASK"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-131" type="given" value="DAVID SMITH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-29-offence-1 t19100208-name-131"/>David Smith Task</persName>,
<persName id="t19100208-name-132" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-132" type="surname" value="PARR"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-132" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-29-offence-1 t19100208-name-132"/>John Parr</persName> and
<persName id="t19100208-name-133" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-133" type="surname" value="PIGGOTT"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-133" type="given" value="FRANK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-29-offence-1 t19100208-name-133"/>Frank Piggott</persName> and from such of His Majesty's liege subjects as should invest money in the shares of the Merchants' Legal Aid Society, Limited, divers of their moneys and valuable securities, with intent to defraud; both obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t19100208-name-134" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-134" type="surname" value="TASK"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-134" type="given" value="DAVID SMITH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-29-offence-1 t19100208-name-134"/>David Smith Task</persName> certain valuable securities, to wit, bankers' cheques for ₤ 50 and ₤ 50; from
<persName id="t19100208-name-135" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-135" type="surname" value="PARR"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-135" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-29-offence-1 t19100208-name-135"/>John Parr</persName> certain valuable securities, to wit, bankers' cheques for ₤ 50 and ₤ 40 respectively, and ₤ 10 in money, and from
<persName id="t19100208-name-136" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-136" type="surname" value="PIGGOTT"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-136" type="given" value="FRANK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-29-offence-1 t19100208-name-136"/>Frank Piggott</persName> certain valuable securities, to wit, bankers' cheques for ₤ 50 and ₤ 50, in each case with intent to defraud</rs>.</p>
<p>Mr. Muir and Mr. Oddie prosecuted; Mr. R. Storry Deans de
<lb/>fended Augustus John Abraham; Mr. George Elliott, K.C., and Mr. G. W. H. Jones defended John Charles Abraham.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-137" type="surname" value="UNWIN"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-137" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID UNWIN, </persName> </hi>clerk, London Joint Stock Bank, Old Broad Street. I produce certified extract of the bank books containing the account of the Merchants' Legal Aid Society, which was opened on November 23, 1903, by J. C. Abraham, secretary. Both prisoners had authority with others to draw on the account, and on' April 14, 1904, a cheque was drawn on the account for ₤ 380.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The account was closed on April 22, 1904.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-138" type="surname" value="COUSINS"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-138" type="given" value="GEORGE WILLIAM"/>GEORGE WILLIAM COUSINS, </persName> </hi>cashier, London County and West minster Bank, High Holborn. I know the prisoner, John Charles Abraham, and I produce a certified copy of his account at my bank. The account shows considerable amounts paid in, among them being one on April 15, 1904, of ₤ 325. I produce particulars showing how that amount was made up, together with the numbers of the notes. Witness also spoke in detail as to other amounts paid in and withdrawn from the account, including a final withdrawal of ₤ 394 on November 7, 1904. Exhibit 2, a cheque for ₤ 25, signed by John Charles Abraham, drawn on the account, was presented on the same date, but there was not enough money to meet it.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191002080028"/>
<p>Cross-examined. On November 11 there was a credit balance on the account of ₤ 841 18s. 6d. That was some days before the registra
<lb/>tion of the company.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-139" type="surname" value="CHAPPLE"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-139" type="given" value="ALFRED ERNEST"/>ALFRED ERNEST CHAPPLE, </persName> </hi>cashier, London and South-Western Bank, Bloomsbury. I produce a certified copy of the account of John Augustus Abraham at that bank. On November 8, 1904, there was a withdrawal of ₤ 192. I have the particulars, showing how the amount was made up.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-140" type="surname" value="PECKOVER"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-140" type="given" value="PALMER"/>PALMER PECKOVER, </persName> </hi>clerk to the Registrar of Joint Stock Com
<lb/>panies. I produce the file of the Merchants' Legal Aid Society, Limited, registered on November 16, 1903, by A. J. Abraham, Win
<lb/>chester House, Old Broad Street, E.C., with a nominal capital of ₤ 2, 000, divided into 1, 000 Six per Cent. Preference shares of ₤ 1 each, and 1, 000 Ordinary shares of ₤ 1 each. The seven signatories include the names of the prisoners. Nothing was paid on the incorporation of the company, but between December 18, 1903, and Jan. 4, 1904, 200 Ordinary shares were allotted to John Charles. Abraham. I have a record of the change of address of the company to 46, Queen Victoria Street on December 30, 1903, signed "John C. Abraham, Secretary, " and on November 4, 1904, there was another change of address to 59, Bishopsgate Street Within. On July 17, 1905, a circular requiring the annual summary of capital and shares, which should have been filed by the company, was sent to the last address, but was returned, and the company was struck off the register.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-141" type="surname" value="TINKHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-141" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD TINKHAM, </persName> </hi>cashier to a firm of solicitors of 4, King William Street, proved the letting of the premises at No. 46, Queen Victoria Street, to the prisoner, John Charles Abraham, at a rent of ₤ 100. The agreement was dated December 16, 1903, and was for one year. The rent was paid for three quarters, but the cheque for ₤ 25 drawn for the fourth quarter's rent (produced) was returned by the bank, and the prisoners suddenly left the premises.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I had references when I let the premises with which I was satisfied.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-142" type="surname" value="PARR"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-142" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN PARR, </persName> </hi>electrical engineer. In 1904 I was living at Becken
<lb/>ham, where I managed some works. My salary was ₤ 250 per annum. In July I saw an advertisement in the "Weekly Dispatch" (pro
<lb/>duced) to which I replied, and received a letter, dated July 19, signed "John C. Abraham, Secretary, " written on paper headed, "Mer
<lb/>chants' Legal Aid Society, Limited, 46, Queen Victoria Street." The letter referred to a district managership at Norwich, at a salary of ₤ 208 per annum, payable weekly, with 10 per cent, commission on all subscriptions and 10 per cent, on renewals, and set forth an esti
<lb/>mate of the amounts of the subscriptions I should be likely to receive, showing that altogether the probable amount of my income would be ₤ 68 a month. I was required to qualify by taking ₤ 100 worth of Preference shares in the company as a sort of security for the money which would pass through my hands. I called at the offices a few days afterwards and saw in an outer room the prisoner Augustus John Abraham and two typists, and I also saw the other prisoner</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191002080029"/>
<p>passing from one room to another. I asked for the secretary, and was shown into a room, where I saw a third man. I told him I had called about the letter I had received, and had some conversation with him, during which he handed me a pamphlet. I said, "I put it to you now as man to man, would you give up a berth at ₤ 250 per annum to take up a business of this kind? " He said, "I would; I would not hesitate one moment." I then left, taking with me the pamphlet, which I read, and believing the statements contained in it were correct, I wrote again, and in reply received a letter signed "John C. Abraham, " informing me that the post at Norwich had been filled up, but offering me another at Oxford. Ultimately I wrote, enclosing a cheque for ₤ 50, the receipt of which was acknow
<lb/>ledged by "A. J. Abraham, Director." I received a letter dated August 13, called a "letter of appointment, " and requesting me to forward the balance of ₤ 50, which I did, and early in October I pro
<lb/>ceeded to Oxford to take up my duties. I took offices there, bought furniture, and engaged several agents, but I did not succeed in getting any subscribers or doing any business. I wrote to the offices in Queen Victoria Street, asking for instructions, but could get none, so I called and saw the prisoners. I then asked for my salary, but did not get it, and I returned to Oxford. I wrote again, but got no answer, so early in November I again went to London, when I found the offices closed, without any intimation as to where the company had gone.</p>
<p>On the application of Mr. Storry Deans to interpose two witnesses, The Rev.
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES PATRICK SHORE, </hi>of Bovey Tracey, Devonshire, and the' Rev.
<hi rend="smallCaps">PATRICK MCKENNA, </hi>priests of the Roman Catholic Church, were called to speak as to the character of the prisoner, Augustus John Abraham.</p>
<p>(Friday, February 11.)</p>
<p>Mr. George Elliott said that J. C. Abraham had considered his position, and desired to plead guilty to the indictment.</p>
<p>Mr. Storry Deans made a similar statement with regard to J. C. Abraham.</p>
<p>A verdict of
<rs id="t19100208-29-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-29-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-29-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs> was returned by the jury.</p>
<p>It was stated that A. J. Abraham had taken a subordinate part,
<rs id="t19100208-29-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-29-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-29-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-29-19100208 t19100208-29-punishment-33"/>and in consideration of his age he was released on his own recog
<lb/>nisances in ₤ 100 to come up for judgment if called upon</rs>.</p>
<p>Sentence (J. C. Abraham),
<rs id="t19100208-29-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-29-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-29-punishment-34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-29-19100208 t19100208-29-punishment-34"/>12 months' imprisonment, second division</rs>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE COMMON SERJEANT.</hi> </p>
<p>(Thursday, February 10.)</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19100208-30" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100208"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-30" type="date" value="19100208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-30-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-19100208 t19100208-30-offence-1 t19100208-30-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-30-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-19100208 t19100208-30-offence-2 t19100208-30-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191002080030"/>
<persName id="def1-30-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-30-19100208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19100208" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19100208" type="surname" value="HOWELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19100208" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19100208" type="occupation" value="carver"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HOWELL, </hi>George (42, carver)</persName>
<rs id="t19100208-30-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-30-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-30-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, indicted for forgery and uttering, knowing the same to be forged, an order for the payment of money, to wit, a bankers' cheque for the payment of ₤ 22 10s. 6d., with intent to defraud</rs>;
<rs id="t19100208-30-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-30-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-30-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>and breaking and entering the warehouse No.
<placeName id="t19100208-geo-2">
<interp inst="t19100208-geo-2" type="type" value="site"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-30-offence-2 t19100208-geo-2"/>285, Ox
<lb/>ford Street</placeName>, and stealing therein one costume and other articles, the goods of
<persName id="t19100208-name-144" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-144" type="surname" value="SYMONS"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-144" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-30-offence-2 t19100208-name-144"/>Alfred Symons</persName>, and feloniously receiving the same</rs>,
<rs id="t19100208-30-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-30-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-30-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>pleaded guilty of the forgery</rs>. In 1900 prisoner, who was formerly in the Army, was fined ₤ 15 and 10 guineas costs for keeping a brothel.</p>
<rs id="t19100208-30-punishment-35" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-30-punishment-35" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-30-punishment-35" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-19100208 t19100208-30-punishment-35"/>15 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100208-31">
<interp inst="t19100208-31" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100208"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-31" type="date" value="19100208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-31-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-31-19100208 t19100208-31-offence-1 t19100208-31-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-31-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-31-19100208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19100208" type="age" value="57"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19100208" type="surname" value="GRAY"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19100208" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19100208" type="occupation" value="engineer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GRAY, </hi>Robert (57, engineer)</persName>
<rs id="t19100208-31-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-31-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-31-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19100208-31-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-31-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-31-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, of obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t19100208-name-146" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-146" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-146" type="surname" value="WYLIE"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-146" type="given" value="EMMA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-31-offence-1 t19100208-name-146"/>Emma Wylie</persName> the sum of ₤ 3; from
<persName id="t19100208-name-147" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-147" type="surname" value="ASHFORD"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-147" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-31-offence-1 t19100208-name-147"/>Robert Ashford</persName> the sum of ₤ 1 10s., and from
<persName id="t19100208-name-148" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-148" type="surname" value="JENNINGS"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-148" type="given" value="HERBERT WILSON"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-31-offence-1 t19100208-name-148"/>Herbert Wilson Jennings</persName> the sum of ₤ 9 15s., in each case with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19100208-31-punishment-36" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-31-punishment-36" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-31-punishment-36" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-31-19100208 t19100208-31-punishment-36"/>18 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100208-32">
<interp inst="t19100208-32" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100208"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-32" type="date" value="19100208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-32-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-32-19100208 t19100208-32-offence-1 t19100208-32-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-32-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-32-19100208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19100208" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19100208" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19100208" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19100208" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CLARK, </hi>Benjamin (29, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19100208-32-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-32-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-32-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19100208-32-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-32-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-32-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, to feloniously wounding
<persName id="t19100208-name-150" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-150" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-150" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-150" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-150" type="occupation" value="policeman"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-32-offence-1 t19100208-name-150"/>Robert Hall</persName> with intent to do him some grievous bodily harm</rs>. Prosecutor is a police-constable, and the affair occurred in Ben Jon
<lb/>son Road, Limehouse, on January 26, late at night. Prisoner, who was with his two brothers, was remonstrated with for creating a disturb
<lb/>ance, whereupon he closed with the officer and struck him a severe blow in the face. Prisoner was taken away by his two brothers, but on being arrested he pulled out a knife and struck at Hall's breast. The officer put up his hand to defend himself, and one of his fingers was cut to the bone.</p>
<rs id="t19100208-32-punishment-37" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-32-punishment-37" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-32-punishment-37" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-32-19100208 t19100208-32-punishment-37"/>Three years' penal servitude</rs>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUDGE RENTOUL.</hi> </p>
<p>(Thursday, February 10.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100208-33">
<interp inst="t19100208-33" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100208"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-33" type="date" value="19100208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-33-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-19100208 t19100208-33-offence-1 t19100208-33-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-33-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-19100208 t19100208-33-offence-2 t19100208-33-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-33-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-33-19100208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19100208" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19100208" type="surname" value="NEWMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19100208" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19100208" type="occupation" value="comedian"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEWMAN, </hi>Harry (21, comedian)</persName>
<rs id="t19100208-33-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-33-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-33-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19100208-33-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-33-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-33-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, of stealing one bicycle, the goods of
<persName id="t19100208-name-152" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-152" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-152" type="given" value="HAROLS VERNON"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-33-offence-1 t19100208-name-152"/>Harold Vernon Smith</persName> </rs>.
<rs id="t19100208-33-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-33-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-33-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>In the county of
<placeName id="t19100208-geo-3">
<interp inst="t19100208-geo-3" type="type" value="county"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-33-offence-2 t19100208-geo-3"/>Essex</placeName> stealing one overcoat, the goods of
<persName id="t19100208-name-153" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-153" type="surname" value="BENNETT"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-153" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-33-offence-2 t19100208-name-153"/>John Bennett</persName>, and one bicycle and one coat, the goods of
<persName id="t19100208-name-154" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-154" type="surname" value="LANGWORTHY"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-154" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-33-offence-2 t19100208-name-154"/>Edward Langworthy</persName> </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t19100208-33-punishment-38" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-33-punishment-38" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-33-punishment-38" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-19100208 t19100208-33-punishment-38"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100208-34">
<interp inst="t19100208-34" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100208"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-34" type="date" value="19100208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-34-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-34-19100208 t19100208-34-offence-1 t19100208-34-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-34-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-34-19100208 t19100208-34-offence-1 t19100208-34-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-34-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-34-19100208 t19100208-34-offence-2 t19100208-34-verdict-3"/>
<persName id="def1-34-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-34-19100208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19100208" type="age" value="46"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19100208" type="surname" value="STEWART"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19100208" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19100208" type="occupation" value="traveller"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">STEWART, </hi>Albert (46, traveller)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-34-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-34-19100208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-34-19100208" type="age" value="50"/>
<interp inst="def2-34-19100208" type="surname" value="PALMER"/>
<interp inst="def2-34-19100208" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<interp inst="def2-34-19100208" type="occupation" value="dealer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PALMER, </hi>Arthur (50, dealer)</persName>
<rs id="t19100208-34-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-34-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-34-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/>, stealing a horse, a governess cart, and other articles, the goods of
<persName id="t19100208-name-157" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-157" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-157" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-34-offence-1 t19100208-name-157"/>Joseph Taylor</persName>.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19100208-34-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-34-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-34-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Mr. Raven prosecuted; Mr. Purcell defended Palmer.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-158" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-158" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH TAYLOR, </persName> </hi>jobmaster, Rosemont Road, Hampstead. On January 11 Stewart came to my place of business in the evening. He gave me a certain name. Next morning, in consequence of a telephone message which was received at my stables, I sent a horse and cart to the Great Central Hotel, in charge of one of my coachmen. Its value was from ₤ 70 to ₤ 80. The next time I saw it was after the police re
<lb/>covered it.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Stewart is the only man I saw.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191002080031"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-159" type="surname" value="TANNER"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-159" type="given" value="WILLIAM JESSE"/>WILLIAM JESSE TANNER, </persName> </hi>coachman to last witness. On January 12 I took a horse and governess cart to the Great Central Hotel. The hall porter came out. I next saw Mr. Nichols and Mr. Palmer. Stewart is Nichols. They came out of the hotel and get into the cart. I asked for orders. They said, "Drive to Baker Street." I drove to several other places, and finally got to Broad Street House, E.C., about 25 past one. Palmer got out and went into the building. About five minutes afterwards he came down and asked me to fetch a parcel of printing in the name of Nichols from Holman Brothers on the third floor. I said I could not leave my horse. He said, "I will look after it." I then went up to Holman Brothers; found there was no parcel of printing in the name of Nichols. I came back to the street and found the horse and trap gone. I then went to a policeman at the corner of London Wall. I next saw prisoners in Bishopsgate Street Police Station on the 15th. I identified Stewart straight away. I failed to identify Palmer straight away. But before he was out of the line of identification I recalled my words and said, "That is the man." He was wearing glasses the day I drove him about, but not when I identified him.</p>
<p>cross-examined. I was driving them about for 1½ hours. They both got out twice, then Palmer got out at Broad Street House. They spoke frequently about electioneering. I was not sitting face to face with Palmer in the cart. My eyes were in the direction of the mare. I was face to face with him when he asked me to fetch the parcel. When I went to the police station there were ten men in all in the row. Palmer was clean shaved the day I had him in the cart; hid moustache was waxed and looked much darker. When I saw him at the police station he was growing a bristly beard I did not see a police officer at all in the room where the row of men was Palmer had not left the row when I picked him out. I did not say before the magistrate when the inspector called out Palmer to go back to the dock, "I recognized Palmer as the man." When the depositions were read over to me, possibly with my hard hearing I did not catch the reading.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-160" type="surname" value="WILCOX"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-160" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS WILCOX, </persName> </hi>carriage attendant, Great Central Hotel. I re
<lb/>member seeing last witness drive up to the entrance of the hotel on January 12. I said to him, "Do you want Mr. Nichols? " He said yes. Prisoners were in the winter garden. I announced pri
<lb/>soner; he said "All right." Both prisoners came out, got into the trap and drove away. Before the cart came up prisoners walked into the hotel and asked for the buffet bar. I said, "We have no buffet bar, but you can get what refreshment you like in the winter garden." The waiter served them. Stewart said to me, "I am expecting a horse and trap to call here, and the coachman will ask for Mr. Nichols." I next saw prisoners on the 17th at Bishopsgate Police Station. I did not pick out Palmer, but I recognized him at the Guildhall when he was in the dock with the other prisoners. He then had gold-rimmed spectacles. He took them off, and I said, "That is the man." He did not wear them on the following Thurs
<lb/>day when I had to go again.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191002080032"/>
<p>Cross-examined. Detective Stocker came to the hotel with the coachman and left word that I was to appear. I saw him on the 17th with the coachman Tanner. I noticed Tanner was a little deaf. We all three talked for about ten minutes. Next day I went to the police station and saw a row of nine or ten men. I did not see De
<lb/>tective Stocker there. I looked along the row more than once. I.first picked out Stewart; then I think somebody said, "Look along carefully again." That somebody was in uniform. I was quite unable to recognise the second man. Although I twice looked along the row and failed to identify Palmer, I am now quite certain he is the man.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-161" type="surname" value="BENSON"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-161" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES BENSON, </persName> </hi>horse-dealer, 1, Dean Street, Stanford Street. On January 14 both prisoners came to see me at eight o'clock in the evening. Stewart said he had a horse and trap for sale, and that a publican named Simpson had recommended him to come to me. He wanted ₤ 20 for them, and wanted me to go and see them that night. I said I should not buy any horse at night at all. I arranged to meet him next morning at eight o'clock. I could not keep that appointment. They came to my place about nine or 9.30 on Satur
<lb/>day morning. I told them I could not get away as I had another appointment. They came back about 1.30 or two o'clock. All my conversation was with Stewart. We arranged to go and see the trap at Rodney Road. They wrote the address on an envelope. Another dealer went over with me. We got there between 2.30 and three. We went in the yard; the trap was outside and the horse was in the stable. Both prisoners were there. We had no conversation with them. As we were in the yard in walked the detectives, and they locked them up.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I had no conversation with Palmer at all. I heard no conversation in the yard between Detective Stocker and the prisoners. He walked towards the prisoners and said, "I am going to charge you with stealing this horse and trap." He took them straight away, and we followed to the police station. I did not hear what prisoners said; they were talking. Palmer was clean shaved on the Saturday. He had a moustache.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">STOCKER, </hi>City Police. I received information on the morning of January 13 that a mare and trap had been stolen from New Broad Street. I went to Rosemont Road and got a descrip
<lb/>tion of the men from Mr. Taylor and his coachman. I then pro
<lb/>ceeded to the Great Central Hotel, where I saw Wilcox, and got from him a description of the men. My inquiries led me to keep observa
<lb/>tion on some stables in Hemp Road, Walworth, on Saturday morning, the 15th. About 2.30 in the afternoon Palmer and Stewart came down Hemp Road; Stewart went into Simpson's and Palmer to the top of the street, apparently looking for some one. He then came back, joined Stewart, who was followed by Mr. Benson and Mr. Smith. They all went into the yard, examined the trap, Palmer pointing out the various parts of the trap to the dealers. They then had the mare brought out of the stable. The dealers were examining the mare when I went in and said to the four of them, "Which of you</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191002080033"/>
<p>is Nichols? " Neither made any reply. I said to Stewart, "You answer the description of a man named Nichols"; and I said to Palmer, "You also answer the description of the other man who was with him; I hold a warrant for those two men's arrest; I am going to arrest you on the charge of stealing this horse and cart." They made no reply. The other two men told me they were horse-dealers, and I requested them to accompany me to Rodney Road Police Station. I took Stewart; Police-constable Wood took Palmer. The dealers followed, and after they satisfied me that they knew nothing about them being stolen they were allowed to go. Prisoners were detained. I read the warrant to Stewart first. He made no reply. I said to Palmer, "You have heard the warrant read; you are the man named in that warrant; that applies to you." He made no reply. They were then taken to Bishopsgate Police Station, were they were charged. Neither made any reply. The difference in his appear
<lb/>ance since then is such that no one would be able to identify him. I believe Bergeant Bareham was present at the identification. The usual proceeding is to get the men there, then bring the prisoners out and ask if they are satisfied with the people there. They take what position they like. The officer in charge of the identification brings the witnesses in one by one, and says, "Look along the row and touch the man you identify." The witnesses are not asked to take a second look.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WOOD, </hi>236. I went down to the stable. I saw there the two prisoners and two horse-dealers, and a man named Simpson. Prisoners were apprehended. I took Palmer into custody. He made no statement to me.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Inspector Wood was in charge of the station. When prisoners were brought in Inspector Wood asked Detective Stocker what prisoners were there for. Detective Stocker told him who he was and that he had a warrant. I was not there all the time. I went round to fetch the mare and cart. The warrant was read at the station. Prisoners made no reply in my hearing.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-162" type="surname" value="SIMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-162" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES SIMPSON, </persName> </hi>grocer, 65, Salisbury Row, Walworth. On January 15 Stewart came to my shop. He wanted a stable which a friend of mine had to let in Hemp Boad. I had the privilege of letting the stable. Stewart came again between seven and eight o'clock with a horse and trap. Another man was with him. I am not sure I can recognise that man. I put the horse and trap up that evening. I did not recognise Palmer as the man until the third time.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Stewart first of all came along, and after I had seen my friend who had the stable to let Stewart drove up with the horse and cart with another man. I cannot recognise that man at all. The horse and cart were put in the stable about midday Thurs
<lb/>day. I do not know that anybody came to see the horse and cart that afternoon. I saw Palmer in Stewart's company at 8 p.m. I had the key of the stable then. The cart was not shown to Palmer. I was there the whole time. They remained there half an hour to three-quarters. I understood Stewart was looking for a purchaser.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191002080034"/>
<p>I did not understand that Palmer was going to introduce somebody. I did not hear Mr. Benson spoken of.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK BAREHAM.</hi> I was in charge of the station when prisoners were brought in and when the identification took place at Bishopsgate Police Station. When Tanner came to identify prisoners were placed with eight others, and Tanner was told to look to see if he could see the men that he knew. He at at once recognised Stewart. Then he stood just in front of Palmer. There was another man on Palmer's right, which would be on the left of Tanner. He looked at the two for something like a minute, and then he touched another man. The inspector-in-charge said, "That will do, " and motioned to the prisoners to come forward and leave the ranks. The moment they stepped forward Tanner said, "I have made a mistake.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-163" type="surname" value="PALMER"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-163" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR PALMER</persName> </hi>(prisoner, on oath). I had nothing to do with Stewart when he got this horse and cart from the owner. I was not with him when he drove it away, or when the coachman drove it. I am not the man that Tanner says told him to go up to the office to get a parcel. Tanner and Wilcox are mistaken. I was with Stewart when he went to Mr. Benson. I met him about 5 p.m. on the 13th, and told him I had been ill for three weeks. He said, "I know how you can earn a pound. I know a man who has a horse and cart to sell; if you can introduce a buyer you will get ₤ 1 commission." I said I should be very thankful. I went to Mr. Simpson. He said, "I know a respectable horse-dealer who does a large trade; go to him and mention my name and there is no doubt you will have a deal." I then go to Stewart and tell him, and really I am done with the business then, bar being there when the money is paid over, as I want my ₤ 1 commission.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The first I heard anything of this trap was on the Saturday, the day I was charged. I had not been in the trap at all. I have known Stewart about six months. He did not tell me where he got the horse and trap from. I did not ask him. It was not supposed to be his property. I did not know Stewart was in very low water then. I knew he was an insurance agent always at busi
<lb/>ness, canvassing. I do not say he was in a good position; he had money to spend. He told me he had the pony and trap off another man, and if I could introduce a buyer I should have ₤ 1 commission. I did not want to know who the other man was. I have been to Simpson's place on several occasions. He is a publican. He is not here.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-164" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-164" type="surname" value="BENSON"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-164" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES BENSON, </persName> </hi>recalled. Simpson keeps a public house close to me. He told me afterwards that he knew nothing about these men, only they said they had a lot for sale. I told him, "You have done something for me, recommending nice people like they are." He said, "I did not know anything about them. I knew him as a cus
<lb/>tomer, that is all."</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191002080035"/>
<rs id="t19100208-34-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-34-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-34-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-165" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-165" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-165" type="surname" value="PALMER"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-165" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR PALMER</persName> </hi>was then
<rs id="t19100208-34-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-34-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-34-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="habitualCriminal"/>indicted for that he is an habitual crimi
<p>Three previous convictions were duly proved. Mr. Purcell raised the objection that prisoner had not been questioned properly as to whether he could furnish evidence of having made efforts to earn an honest living since his last conviction. It was admitted by Detective Bareham that the request was made to prisoner through a warder, as he was not himself allowed to approach prisoner. Prisoner had given certain information as to alleged casual employment, but the parties to whom he referred did not corroborate his statements.</p>
<p>Judge Rentoul in summing up to the Jury said prisoner had him
<lb/>self gone into the witness-box and sworn that he had made such efforts, and as there was no contradiction of that he thought they might give him the benefit of the doubt.</p>
<rs id="t19100208-34-verdict-3" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-34-verdict-3" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-34-verdict-3" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty of being an habitual criminal</rs>.</p>
<p>(For sentences see conclusion of the following case.)</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-35-19100208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19100208" type="age" value="44"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19100208" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19100208" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19100208" type="occupation" value="agent"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SMITH, </hi>Ernest (44, agent)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-35-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-35-19100208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-35-19100208" type="age" value="46"/>
<interp inst="def2-35-19100208" type="surname" value="STEWART"/>
<interp inst="def2-35-19100208" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<interp inst="def2-35-19100208" type="occupation" value="traveller"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">STEWART, </hi>Albert (46, tra
<rs id="t19100208-35-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-35-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-35-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, both obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t19100208-name-168" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-168" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-168" type="surname" value="WOOLRICH"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-168" type="given" value="GEORGE SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-168" type="occupation" value="grocer"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-35-offence-1 t19100208-name-168"/>George Samuel Wool
<lb/>rich</persName> ₤ 2 and ₤ 2, from
<persName id="t19100208-name-169" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-169" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-169" type="surname" value="SEXTON"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-169" type="given" value="EMMA"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-169" type="occupation" value="cashier"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-35-offence-1 t19100208-name-169"/>Emma Sexton</persName> ₤ 2 11s. 1d., and from
<persName id="t19100208-name-170" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-170" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-170" type="surname" value="LAYTON"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-170" type="given" value="REBECCA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-35-offence-1 t19100208-name-170"/>Rebecca Layton</persName> 10s. and ₤ 1, in each case with intent to defraud</rs>;
<rs id="t19100208-35-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-35-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-35-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>Smith obtain
<lb/>ing by false pretences from
<persName id="t19100208-name-171" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-171" type="surname" value="COLE"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-171" type="given" value="THOMAS GREER"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-171" type="occupation" value="builder"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-35-offence-3 t19100208-name-171"/>Thomas Greer Cole</persName> 18s., with intent to defraud</rs>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE</hi>S.
<hi rend="smallCaps">WOOLRICH, </hi>grocer, 136, Liverpool Road. I have known prisoner Smith some time in insurance business. I knew Stewart be
<lb/>fore November 22. On that day they came to my shop. I knew Stewart as Reeves. Reeves said, "What about this cheque? " Smith said, "Perhaps Mr. Woolrich will change it for you." I knew Reeves as Smith's agent and clerk. Smith was my fire, glass, and burglary insurance agent. The cheque was ₤ 4 17s. 6d. It was crossed; that is why I took it. He said he could not get it changed that day, and would I advance him ₤ 2. I did so. Smith went away, leaving Reeves with me. After some little time Reeves said, "If anything should occur don't let Mr. Smith know, as he suffers from fits, and it would seriously upset him." Then I gave him the money, and he went away leaving the cheque with me. On the following day he wanted another ₤ 1, which I gave him in silver. He came again the same evening, and wanted me to settle up the whole amount. I gave him another ₤ 1. I had not enough money to pay the balance. On the 23rd I sent the cheque to the rate collector's office to pay my rates. He would not accept it. On the 24th I paid it into my son's bank, and it was returned, "No account." The matter was then in the Hands of the police. I went up to Smith's place and saw him. He was very much surprised, and appeared to know absolutely nothing at all about it; he had known Reeves 15 years, and never knew any
<lb/>thing against him. He wanted me to let him have the cheque back, and I did so on the conditions that he gave me a receipt and a copy of the cheque. The cheque is signed J. G. Bacon. I believed it was a good cheque.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191002080036"/>
<p>Cross-examined by Smith. The insurance business you did for me has always been carried through. The day you called with Reeves was not about the cheque business but to tell me a claim for burglary in
<lb/>surance had passed through. You wanted the claim form altered, left it with me and went out of the shop. Mr. Reeves stayed. He tendered the cheque in your presence. I did not pay him the money in your presence. You had the cheque back to give to your solici
<lb/>tor. You said Reeves had no solicitor, and you would do your best to get the money back. You did not say the solicitor wanted some costs to go on with the case.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Stewart. I gave you ₤ 2 one day and ₤ 2 the next. You were not sober the second day. I had no suspicion that you drank before that.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-172" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-172" type="surname" value="SEXTON"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-172" type="given" value="EMMA"/>EMMA SEXTON, </persName> </hi>cashier, Mayfield Laundry, 93, Gillespie Road, Hollo
<lb/>way. I did not prisoners before November 24. That day Stewart came to our laundry and said he had come to settle Smith's account, ₤ 1 7s. 5d. He gave me this cheque, signed J. H. Simmons, for ₤ 3 18s. 6d. I deducted the ₤ 1 7s. 5d. and gave him the balance. I paid the cheque into the bank the next morning, and it was re
<lb/>turned marked "No account." I have not seen either prisoner since.</p>
<p>To Smith. I have made no application for the money. I have not issued a summons for it. I do not know what the manager has done.</p>
<p>(Friday, February 11.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-173" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-173" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-173" type="surname" value="COLE"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-173" type="given" value="THOMAS GREER"/>THOMAS GREER COLE, </persName> </hi>builder, 125, Offered Road, Barnsbury. I know Smith as an insurance agent. He came to me on November 23 to pay some money off an account. He gave me this cheque, signed J. G. Bacon, for ₤ 1 18s. I gave him 18s. and put ₤ 1 to his credit. I paid it into the National Provincial Bank, Islington, and it came back marked, "No account." I saw Smith on the following Saturday and asked for the money back. He said he would get the money from the person who gave him the cheque. He did not do so.</p>
<p>To Smith. I applied to you several times for payment of a small account you owed. You gave me the cheque in the office. I thought it was a cheque of one of your customers, as it was made out to you. You did not see my father after November 27; he was laid up for a week, and in the meantime the matter was placed in the hands of the police.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-174" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-174" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-174" type="surname" value="LAYTON"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-174" type="given" value="REBECCA"/>REBECCA LAYTON, </persName> </hi>the "Dun Cow, " Old Kent Road. I knew pri
<lb/>soners as Lee and Reeves. Smith was Lee. I knew them as cus
<lb/>tomers. Smith came on January 13. He asked me whether I would put this cheque through for him; he did not want any money. One of my chaps was going out then, and I gave him the cheque to take to the bank. Smith came in the same evening and asked for 10s. off the cheque. He came later with Reeves and another man, and asked for a sovereign. He said, "I am short, and I have to give Reeves some money." I gave him the ₤ 1. I saw no more of him.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191002080037"/>
<p>He did not come for the balance. The cheque came back marked "No account." I sent round to him and wrote, but never got any reply. On the 21st I went to his house. He was not in. He came in an hour or an hour and a half later. I said, "How is it you have not been in for the balance? " He said he knew there bad been some trouble with that cheque and others, and if he came and gave me the 30s. would I let him have the cheque back. He said it was to do with Reeves, and nothing to do with him. While I was talking to him two plain-clothes men came and spoke to Smith and took him away.</p>
<p>To Smith. You had the 10s. and the ₤ 1 the same day you gave me the cheque.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-175" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-175" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-175" type="surname" value="MARSHALL"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-175" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES MARSHALL, </persName> </hi>cashier, National Bank of India, 17, Bishopsgate Street. These four cheques come from the same book, which was issued on September 17, 1903, to a customer of ours in Scotland. We communicated with him when these cheques began to. come in. There are two cheques signed J. H. Simmons and two J. G. Bacon. They are not customers of ours.</p>
<p>To Smith. There has been one other cheque out of the same book presented for payment. It was signed J. G. Bacon.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALFRED SCHOLES, </hi>G Division. I saw both prisoners at Clerkenwell Police Court on January 26, and told them they would be charged with being concerned in obtaining money from Miss Sexton, Mr. Cole, and Mrs. Layton by means of worthless cheques. Smith made no reply. Stewart said, referring to the case of the Mayfield Laundry, "Yes, I got the money for some one else." When the charge was read over to him he said, "Yes, it was paid as an account for Smith."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN TANNER, </hi>N Division. On January 21 I went with another officer to the "Flying Horse" public-house, Walworth Road. I saw Smith there, called him out, told him we were police officers, and held a warrant for his arrest for being concerned with a man named Reeves in obtaining ₤ 4 by means of a worthless cheque from Mr. Woolrich in November last. He said, "I know Reeves very well. I did not have any of the ₤ 4. I was with him when he asked Mr. Woolrich to change the cheque, and did not know anything was wrong with it until Mr. Woolrich came to me. I asked him to Jet me have the cheque to send to my solicitor, which I did." I took him to the police station, where the warrant was read. He said, "I am not guilty; I never had any of the money." I saw Stewart, whom I knew as Reeves, on the 26th at King's Cross Road Police Station; I read the warrant to him. He said, "The man must be mad."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-176" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-176" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST SMITH</persName> </hi>(prisoner, not on oath). Mr. Woolrich distinctly says I was 'not there when the money was paid. The cheque is, signed J. G. Bacon, and it is said the writing somewhat resembles mine. I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191002080038"/>
<p>do not know if your Lordship will allow me to have an expert's opinion on that. (Judge Rentoul: You are allowed to have an expert if you give notice to have him here. Experts' evidence about hand
<lb/>writing is worth what it is worth, which is not very much.) With re
<lb/>ference to the Mayfield Laundry, this was at a time I had a laundry myself. I used to sublet my work to the Mayfield Laundry, and they allowed me a discount. At that time I was laid up with fits about six weeks, and could not have been there. This cheque came into my business. Reeves was my manager; he paid my accounts and did my insurance business. I wrote to the Mayfield Laundry as you heard the witness say. I said, "Don't you know they have taken out a summons against me? " She knew nothing about it. The cheque was paid to them in the ordinary way of business. As to Cole's cheque, I owed him money for work done to the shop and premises I occupied, and he had written to me several times, and I took him round the cheque. It was paid to me in the way of insurance business. Layton's cheque was given to me to put through the bank, and when I went to Mrs. Layton I had no intention of asking her for any money. I asked her to put the cheque through her account. She sent the cheque out while I was there. That was Thursday morning before lunch. In the evening I went in and had 10s.; I thought it was Friday. I met several people, and we had drinks and smokes, and then I said to Mrs. Layton, "Would you oblige me with 10s., I have not enough money to stand drinks? " Mrs. Layton went to her till and gave me 10s. I had 30s. altogether. I did not know the cheque was worthless. I could have got the ₤ 4 10s. as easy as 10s.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-177" type="surname" value="STEWART"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-177" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT STEWART</persName> </hi>(prisoner, not on oath). You will understand the awkward position I am in, that of employer and employee. This cheque of Mr. Woolrich's was paid to me. I went to him and asked him if he would change it. I should have gone to the insurance com
<lb/>pany represented by Mr. Smith, and asked them to change it. In insurance work there is a lot of cheques paid. From the time it came back marked "no account" it was given to Mr. Smith. He put it in His solicitor's hands. Time went on. The Mayfield Laundry was doing his washing, and it came a question of paying his account. The cheque was given to me to pay the account as a matter of business. I obtained the money and paid it out, and put it in Mr. Smith's hands as my employer. As far as the third cheque with this publican, I know nothing at all about it. I was not in the house when the sovereign was given to Smith with which he was supposed to pay me. I have never disputed my signature on the first cheque.</p>
<rs id="t19100208-35-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-35-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-35-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Albert Stewart was then
<rs id="t19100208-35-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-35-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-35-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="habitualCriminal"/>indicted for that he is an habitual criminal</rs>, and
<rs id="t19100208-35-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-35-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-35-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>found guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Sentences, Palmer,
<rs id="t19100208-35-punishment-39" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-35-punishment-39" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-35-punishment-39" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-34-19100208 t19100208-35-punishment-39"/>Three years, penal servitude</rs>; Stewart,
<rs id="t19100208-35-punishment-40" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-35-punishment-40" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-35-punishment-40" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-35-19100208 t19100208-35-punishment-40"/>two terms of Three years' penal servitude (to run concurrently)</rs>, and
<rs id="t19100208-35-punishment-41" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-35-punishment-41" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-35-punishment-41" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="preventiveDetention"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-35-19100208 t19100208-35-punishment-41"/>Five years' preventive detention</rs>; Smith,
<rs id="t19100208-35-punishment-42" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-35-punishment-42" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-35-punishment-42" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-35-19100208 t19100208-35-punishment-42"/>18 months' hard labour</rs>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191002080039"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MR. JUSTICE COLERIDGE.</hi> </p>
<p>(Friday, February 11.)</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19100208-36" type="date" value="19100208"/>
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<persName id="def1-36-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-36-19100208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19100208" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19100208" type="surname" value="PERRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19100208" type="given" value="GEORGE HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19100208" type="occupation" value="window-cleaner"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PERRY, </hi>George Henry (27, window-cleaner)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t19100208-36-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-36-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-36-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/> for and charged on coroner's inquisition with the wilful murder of
<persName id="t19100208-name-179" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-179" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-179" type="surname" value="COVELL"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-179" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100208-36-offence-1 t19100208-name-179"/>Annie Covell</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Muir, Mr. Leycester, and Mr. Roome prosecuted; Mr. Curtis Bennett defended at the request of the Court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-180" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-180" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-180" type="surname" value="COVELL"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-180" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD COVELL, </persName> </hi>1, Florence Villas, Ealing. Annie Covell, my daughter was 27 years old; she lived at home with me and my wife. I have known prisoner two years; he was engaged to my daughter. He stayed with us off and on till September, 1909. Annie was invited to a wedding at Hanwell on January 8; prisoner was not also invited, and this upset him. There was a quarrel, and I told him be must leave the house, and I sent his box away; he threatened to bash my brains out.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner and Annie were very fond of each other. Mrs.
<hi rend="smallCaps">COVELL.</hi> On the morning of January 10 I was in the kitchen with Annie when prisoner came down and went into the breakfast room. Annie went to go upstairs; that would take her past the break
<lb/>fast room; in a few minutes I heard a scream; I went to the room and saw prisoner kneeling on Annie, and her throat was right out; prisoner had a bread knife in his hand, and I saw him give Annie two stabs with it. I had never seen the knife before; it did not belong to us. Prisoner threw the knife under the table and walked away.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner appeared to be extraordinarily calm. Except for the incident of the Han well wedding there was no quarrel between him and Annie.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-181" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-181" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-181" type="surname" value="REECE"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-181" type="given" value="ALBERT ERNEST"/>ALBERT ERNEST REECE, </persName> </hi>a page boy in the house, said that on hear
<lb/>ing Mrs. Covell's screams he went into the room and saw prisoner kneeling down with the knife in his hand, and stabbing at the girl; witness fetched the police.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. About seven or eight minutes elapsed before the police came; prisoner was then outside the house, walking in the direc
<lb/>tion of the police station; he was quite calm.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROBERT DREW, </hi>306 Y. As I was going to the house Reece pointed prisoner out to me; he was walking towards the police station. I caught hold of him and said, "Wait a minute"; he said, "I am going to give myself up for stabbing a young girl at No. 1, Florence Terrace; I went to the house this morning; they started on me; it was no good being sorry for what one has done; I think I have made a job of it." When charged at the station prisoner made no reply.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. He was perfectly calm and collected— extraor
<lb/>dinarily calm, considering what had just happened.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">EDWARD BARRETT.</hi> On my charging prisoner he made no reply. On the way to the police court he said, "If they had let me go when I wanted to this would not have happened; she was invited to a wedding at Hanwell on Saturday, as bridesmaid, but</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191002080040"/>
<p>they did not invite me; we had a few words over it; when I went into the house at seven o'clock last night nobody spoke to me; I after
<lb/>wards returned about eleven, and slept in a chair; this morning she was in the breakfast room, and I had the knife in my hand and did it; I suppose I had to do it; I could not stop myself." When the magistrate asked prisoner if he had any questions to ask of the wit
<lb/>nesses he replied, "I did it, and I am satisfied."</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner is 27 years old. He entered the Army in 1900, served 250 days at Aden and over four years in India. He left the Army in November, 1907, with "very good" discharges. Since then, when in employment, he has Some an excellent character. His parents are very respectable people. When he made his statement to me he did not appear to be in a passion; his only grievance appar
<lb/>ently was about the Han well wedding; he was exceptionally calm and composed.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-182" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-182" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-182" type="surname" value="MILLER"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-182" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS MILLER, </persName> </hi>manager of a stores at Ealing, said that on Janu
<lb/>ary 8 he sold to someone a bread knife and platter similar to those produced.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-183" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-183" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-183" type="surname" value="WHEELER"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-183" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES WHEELER</persName> </hi>said that on January 9 he was picking up waste paper on Haven Green when he found the platter (produced).</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-184" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-184" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-184" type="surname" value="BENNETT"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-184" type="given" value="GEORGE HERBERT"/>GEORGE HERBERT BENNETT, </persName> </hi>Divisional Surgeon. On January 10, at 9 a.m., I was called to 1, Florence Terrace and there saw the body of a young woman; there was an exposed gaping wound on the left side of the neck; the large blood vessels of the neck were divided and the windpipe open. The wound may have been caused by the knife (produced). There were also three or four stabbing wounds on the side and back of the body.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have had considerable experience in cases of insanity. "Taylor's Medical Jurisprudence" is a work of very high authority.</p>
<p>Counsel put to the witness the following extracts from this work, under the heading "Impulsive Insanity": "The test of whether there has been momentary insanity is whether there is any recollection afterwards of what has occurred. In cases of impulsive insanity there may or may not be evidence of actual intellectual aberration; but the main feature of the disorder is the existence of a destructive impulse which, like a delusion, cannot be controlled by the patient. This im
<lb/>pulse, thus dominating over all other feelings, leads a person to destroy those to whom he is most fondly attached, or anyone who may be involved in his delusion. Sometimes the impulse is long-felt, but concealed. There may be merely signs of depression and melancholia; there may be nothing to lead anybody to a suspicion of what is going on within the mind.... Occasionally the act of murder is per
<lb/>petrated with great deliberation, and apparently with all the marks of sanity.... Of the existence of insanity in the common or legal acceptance of the term, before and after the perpetration of the crime, there may be either no evidence whatever, or it may be so slight as not to amount to proof.... A sudden restoration to reason is not infrequent in such cases of homicidal mania. An act of violence is committed, and the patient appears as if relieved from some</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191002080041"/>
<p>oppressive feeling." Witness expressed general agreement with this authority.</p>
<p>To Mr. Justice Coleridge: A perfectly sane man may go momen
<lb/>tarily mad and become sane again the moment afterwards. In cases of temporary mania symptoms may have been overlooked on account of their apparent triviality, which after a crime would be regarded as evidence of mental aberration.</p>
<p>Re-examined. (Q). If you had no evidence before you at all ex
<lb/>cept that the accused had done an act of great violence, what opinion would you form as to whether he was sane or not? — If I had no evi
<lb/>dence of any kind I should say he was sane. I should not call an im
<lb/>pulse ''sudden" if it extended over hours: certainly not if it extended from Saturday to Monday.</p>
<p>Prisoner's statement before the magistrate: "I am sorry to say I have done it; I do not think it is much use me saying anything."</p>
<rs id="t19100208-36-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-36-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-36-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<rs id="t19100208-36-punishment-43" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-36-punishment-43" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-36-punishment-43" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-36-19100208 t19100208-36-punishment-43"/>Death.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100208-37">
<interp inst="t19100208-37" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100208"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-37" type="date" value="19100208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-37-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-37-19100208 t19100208-37-offence-1 t19100208-37-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-37-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-37-19100208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19100208" type="age" value="48"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19100208" type="surname" value="BEVINGTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19100208" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19100208" type="occupation" value="no occupation"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BEVINGTON, </hi>Henry (48, no occupation)</persName>
<rs id="t19100208-37-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-37-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-37-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, forging and uttering, knowing the same to be forged, an endorsement on an order for the payment of ₤ 5.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Muir and Mr. Bray prosecuted; Mr. Curtis Bennett and Mr. Roome defended.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-186" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-186" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-186" type="surname" value="RALLI"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-186" type="given" value="LUCAS EUSTACHIO"/>LUCAS EUSTACHIO RALLI, </persName> </hi>2, Park Street, W. I was at Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1864-67; there was with me at Trinity a Mr. Paxton; he is now in Court. In 1904 I received two letters written in the name of Paxton, asking for monetary help, and I sent cheques. In November last I received another letter, in response to which I sent the cheque for ₤ 5 (produced) with a letter on my headed paper, addressed to Paxton, 32, Bessborough Gardens. The cheque was passed through my account at the Bank of England, Western Branch.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. There may have been more than one Paxton at Trinity.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-187" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-187" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-187" type="surname" value="PAXTON"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-187" type="given" value="ROBERT CHARLES"/>ROBERT CHARLES PAXTON.</persName> </hi> I was with Mr. Ralli at Trinity in 1864-67. I have had no correspondence with him since; I have never asked for or received cheques from him. The endorsement on the cheque (produced) is not in my writing; I know absolutely nothing about the cheque.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The cheque is endorsed "Robert G. Paxton." I,. cannot say whether there was another Paxton at Trinity.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMPSON.</hi> I keep a boarding house at 32, Bessborough Gardens. I have known prisoner since childhood; in the latter part of last year he called occasionally at my house. I was short of money and asked him for a little financial help; he replied that if I would not mind taking in a letter addressed in the name of Paxton he thought he would be able to help me. I agreed; and a day or two afterwards I took in a letter addressed Paxton; this I gave to prisoner,, and he put it in his pocket. Two days later he gave me the cheque (pro
<lb/>duced), and asked me to get it cashed by some tradesman. I took it</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191002080042"/>
<p>to a Mr. Lennard with the card and envelope (produced); he changed the cheque; I kept the money myself.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I am an old friend of the prisoner. Early in last year, when I was living at Kennington Oval, prisoner called with a friend whom he introduced to me as Mr. Paxton; it was not the gentleman who gave evidence to-day. When the letter came addressed to Mr. Paxton I handed it, unopened, to prisoner; he did not open it, but put it in his pocket. After he gave me the cheque I kept it in my purse in my room for several days before cashing it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-188" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-188" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-188" type="surname" value="LENNARD"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-188" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED LENNARD, </persName> </hi>grocer, Ponsonby Place, identified the cheque as having been passed through his bank.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HUGH HUNT, </hi>C Division. On December 23, at Marlborough Street Police Station, I handed over some cash to pri
<lb/>soner, and he signed in my presence with his left hand the receipt (produced).</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-189" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-189" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-189" type="surname" value="PARKER"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-189" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY PARKER, </persName> </hi>assistant warder, Brixton Prison. On December 28 prisoner asked for permission to write a letter. I handed him a sheet of notepaper, writing on it his prison number; I did not see him write his letter, but he was alone in his cell until he handed me the letter and envelope (produced). The envelope is addressed to Mr. Taylor, 32, Bessborough Gardens.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-190" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-190" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-190" type="surname" value="HOLDSWORTH"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-190" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL HOLDSWORTH, </persName> </hi>31, Ladywell Park, Lewisham. I am a step
<lb/>son of prisoner. I have seen him write. My mother owns certain houses; the receipts in rent books relating to these houses are either in my writing or prisoner's; my mother cannot write. The writing on the two rent-book covers (produced) is not mine; to the best of my belief it is the prisoner's, but I cannot swear it.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Some time ago prisoner met with an accident to his right arm, and he now writes with both hands.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-191" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-191" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-191" type="surname" value="BIRCH"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-191" type="given" value="WALTER DE GREY"/>WALTER DE GREY BIRCH, </persName> </hi>LL.D., F.S.A., formerly senior assistant in the Manuscript Department of the British Museum, was called as an expert in handwriting. Comparing the endorsement on the cheque, the prison letter and envelope, and the parties on the rent
<lb/>book covers, he expressed the opinion that they were in the same hand writing.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-192" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-192" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-192" type="surname" value="BEVINGTON"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-192" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY BEVINGTON</persName> </hi>(prisoner, on oath). I have never known the witness, Robert Charles Paxton. For twelve months I have known a Robert George Paxton. I met him casually in a billiard saloon at the "Hanover Arms, " Peckham; in May last I introduced him to Mrs. Thompson. Paxton gave me to understand that he was a public school boy, and a member of the Oxford and Cambridge Club, from which he had been expelled. In November he told me he would like an address at which to receive letters, as he was in a bad condi
<lb/>tion financially, and there were some of his late colleagues at college who could and would assist him. I suggested Mrs. Thompson's address at Bessborough Gardens. The account Mrs. Thompson gave to-day is substantially correct. When she gave me the letter addressed</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191002080043"/>
<p>to Mr. Paxton I kept it in my pocket till the following day. I gave it to Paxton; he opened it in front of me; it contained a cheque. I suggested to him that the person who had taken the letter in was in financial difficulties; and could I make use of the cheque, to which he agreed. He endorsed the cheque in my presence, using a very old and rusty stylographic pen. I never knew Paxton's address.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I heard my solicitor, at the police court, cross
<lb/>examining Mrs. Thompson as follows: "(Q.) When that letter arrived and Bevington called you handed it to him? (A.) Yes. (Q.) I put it to you that he took the cheque from the letter and handed you the cheque the same day." My solicitor was wrong; I did not correct him at the time; I must have misinformed him. I do not know Pax
<lb/>ton's address; he has written to me several times; I have not kept any of his letters; I have no idea where to find him. The writing on the rent-book covers is not mine; I cannot say whose it is.</p>
<rs id="t19100208-37-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-37-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-37-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>(Saturday, February 12.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100208-38">
<interp inst="t19100208-38" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100208"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-38" type="date" value="19100208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-38-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-38-19100208 t19100208-38-offence-1 t19100208-38-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-38-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-38-19100208 t19100208-38-offence-1 t19100208-38-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-38-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-38-19100208 t19100208-38-offence-1 t19100208-38-verdict-3"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100208-38-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def4-38-19100208 t19100208-38-offence-1 t19100208-38-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-38-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-38-19100208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19100208" type="surname" value="BEVINGTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19100208" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BEVINGTON, </hi>Henry</persName>;
<persName id="def2-38-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-38-19100208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-38-19100208" type="age" value="45"/>
<interp inst="def2-38-19100208" type="surname" value="WELLINGS"/>
<interp inst="def2-38-19100208" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="def2-38-19100208" type="occupation" value="agent"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WELLINGS, </hi>Charles (45, agent)</persName>;
<persName id="def3-38-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-38-19100208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-38-19100208" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def3-38-19100208" type="surname" value="MILLINGTON"/>
<interp inst="def3-38-19100208" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>
<interp inst="def3-38-19100208" type="occupation" value="jobmaster"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MIL
<lb/>LINGTON, </hi>Herbert (26, jobmaster)</persName>; and
<persName id="def4-38-19100208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def4-38-19100208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def4-38-19100208" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def4-38-19100208" type="surname" value="CLARKE"/>
<interp inst="def4-38-19100208" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="def4-38-19100208" type="occupation" value="steward"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CLARKE.</hi> Charles (24, steward)</persName>
<rs id="t19100208-38-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-38-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-38-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, were now indicted for forging and uttering, knowing the same to be forged, an order for the payment of ₤ 1, 500, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Curtis Bennett and Mr. Roome defended Bevington; Mr. Galvert defended Wellings; Mr. George Elliott, K.C., and Mr. Basil Watson defended Millington; Mr. Huntly Jenkins appeared for Clarke (who
<rs id="t19100208-38-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100208-38-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-38-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>).</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-197" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-197" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-197" type="surname" value="RALLI"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-197" type="given" value="LUCUS EUSTACHIO"/>LUCUS EUSTACHIO RALLI</persName> </hi>repeated his evidence given yesterday, and added that the cheque for ₤ 1, 500 (produced) was not drawn or endorsed by him.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Bennett Calvert. I never saw Wellings until I saw him at Maryborough Street. In 1904 when the letters were sent to me I had not seen him at all.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-198" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-198" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-198" type="surname" value="PAXTON"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-198" type="given" value="ROBERT CHARLES"/>ROBERT CHARLES PAXTON</persName> </hi>repeated his evidence given yesterday.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-199" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-199" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-199" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-199" type="given" value="ADELAINE MARY"/>ADELAINE MARY THOMPSON.</persName> </hi> I have known Bevington a great many years. In November and December last he called several times. He asked if a letter came in the name of Paxton would I take it in. He said he would be able to help me with some money if I did. A letter did come in the name of Paxton, and I gave it to him. He did not open it in my presence. After that he asked me to get a cheque cashed for him. (Exhibit 1, cheque for ₤ 5.) The endorsement "Robert G. Paxton, " was not put upon that cheque in my presence. I cashed the cheque through a tradesman, Mr. Leonard, and took the proceeds to Bevington, and asked for the use of it, as I had to send some money away. He said I could have it, and I paid away ₤ 4 5s., and some to Mr. Leonard. I do not think I gave any part of the money to Bevington. About six or seven weeks before December 15 Millington called with another gentleman, whom I after
<lb/> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191002080044"/>
<p>wards found was Clarke, and asked if I had an apartment to let; and a week later Millington came to live at my house, occupying a room at 12s. 6d. a week. While there he was visited several times by Clarke and Wellings. Mil
<lb/>lington brought Clarke home with him on December 13, and Clarke occupied his room with him. I do not remember seeing Millington next morning. At about two o'clock, on the 14th, Wellings, Clarke, and Millington returned to the house. Millington called to me from the sitting-room to bring him some blot
<lb/>ting-paper. When I took the blotting-paper into the room there was a newspaper on the table, and hanging from the table what looked like the cover of a cheque-book. They remained in the room about three
<lb/>quarter of an hour, and then left the house. About five o'clock Bevington called and had some tea. Soon afterwards Wellings, Mil
<lb/>lington, and Clarke came in at the front door overhead. I went up and asked if they would like some tea. They were all three intoxicated; they had two bottles of champagne with them, and asked me for some glasses. When I took the glasses up I saw a very large quantity of gold on the table. Clarke was putting it into a bank canvas bag. They opened the wine and gave me a small glass, which I took down
<lb/>stairs with me, and also a paper bag which Clarke gave me, he said for a Christmas present; he was very intoxicated. I counted it out down
<lb/>stairs and it had ₤ 100 in gold in it. I gave nearly ₤ 60 back to Mr. Fowler, the ₤ 40 I paid away. When I went downstairs with the bag of gold Bevington was still there and another gentleman, Mr. Taylor. I told them the three gentlemen upstairs were very intoxicated, and would they kindly go up and see that they did not create any dis
<lb/>turbance, and would they see them out of the house for me. After a lot of trouble the five of them left the house. Before finally going Wellings put a little packet into my hand, which I placed in my jer
<lb/>sey, and forgot all about it, because I was so much upset at the to-do they were making, and it must have fallen out. I never knew what it was. Mr. Fowler told me afterwards that it had been found. After the five men left the house I turned the lights off in my sitting-room and went downstairs and prepared supper. Taylor and Bevington came back later and had supper. After supper I said I felt rather upset, and that I should like a breath of fresh air; Bevington said that as he was going home I might go a little way with him, and Taylor said he would come out with us and return with me; so we went out and walked across Vauxhall Bridge, and at Kennington Church we took a taxi and drove to Lewisham. The gentlemen visited one or two public-houses on the way. I went in, and the taxi
<lb/>driver also. We left Bevington at the corner of his own road in Cat
<lb/>ford, and Taylor and I drove back. Taylor, who is not in the habit of taking drink, was overcome by it, and he slept all the way home. I paid the taxi driver and Taylor returned the money to me after
<lb/>wards out of a sovereign given him by Wellings to pay for his and Bevington's return taxi. I think Bevington called at my house on the evening of the 15th, and brought a paper, and said that one of the three had been arrested, and spoke of the bank robbery to us; he said it was in the papers. I think he said Millington had been</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191002080045"/>
<p>arrested. Saturday was the next time I saw him. I was very ill in bed: and he only stayed a few minutes, and said he would call again on the Monday. In leaving my house, I believe, he was arrested.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Bennett Calvert. I do not remember now when Wellings first came to my house. I cannot remember whether he called on Millington before I got the Paxton letter. With regard to the cheque, I spoke to Mr. Fowler yesterday about a circumstance that came into my mind. Directly I had the cheque I took it to a tradesman to change for me, I think on a Friday or a Saturday. On the following Monday I was wanting to send ₤ 5 away to my landlord at Brighton, and as I was going to the post office, a few doors from the tradesman's shop, to get five ₤ 1 postal orders, I called at the shop and said to the wife of the trade man that I had to send ₤ 5 away, and if I had the ₤ 5 cheque back I could send it instead of getting the postal orders, and it would save me the poundage. I cannot tell you the name because they were new people, but it was Williams's old shop; it had changed hands. She said it was not banked, and I got the cheque back, as that would be better than buying five postal orders. On the following Saturday I took it to Mr. Leonard. The cheque was in an unlocked dresser drawer in the general living-room from the Monday to the Saturday. I did not miss it; but my lodgers would have access to that drawer. About two o'clock on the 14th when I went upstairs Wellings was there with the others. He was sitting on the chair very intoxicated; his head was forward, and he looked droop
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Roome. I have known Bevington for a great many years; there was nothing unusual in his coming to the house, he was a friend of the family and his father and my father knew each other. He never came to the house to see Millington, Wellings, or Clarke, and never asked about them; they were quite strangers to him— all of them. The Paxton cheque was in the draw in the break
<lb/>fast-room from the Monday till the Saturday, and there was nothing to prevent Wellings, or Millington, or Clarke having access to it. I am not certain whether I gave Bevington any of the proceeds of the cheque; I may have given him a few shillings. It was a loan to me, and when I got the ₤ 100 I repaid Bevington his ₤ 5. When the three men came in on the 14th, Bevington was downstairs having tea with some other gentlemen and myself. The only reason he and Taylor went upstairs was to quiet the men and use persuasion to get them out of the house, because I did not want a row. Bevington and Taylor got them away from the house and returned afterwards, about nine o'clock, and had supper with me. They were both perfectly sober.</p>
<p>Re-examined by Mr. Muir. I cannot tell you when I first men
<lb/>tioned about the ₤ 5 cheque being with another tradesman. Last Saturday week Mrs. Wellings called at my house and asked if I could let her have a little money because she had no food for herself and her little girl. It was rather late, and I asked one of the gentle
<lb/>men if he could oblige me with part of his money so that I could give it to her. It is not since that visit that I remembered about the cheque; it had nothing to do with that visit. I have only seen Miss</p>
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<p>Finden, whom I thought was Mrs. Clarke, when she called once at my front door and asked if Clarke, was there. I think the trademan Williams, had the cheque for three days. It was then in my posses
<lb/>sion for a week before it was cashed by Leonard. That is the truth about the cheque; not my story about it. The cheque is dated Decem
<lb/>ber 1. It has December 7 stamped on it, the date on which it was honoured at the bank. Leonard said he got it from me on Saturday, the 4th, but I believe it was the next Saturday. I think Leonard has made a mistake. I have not seen the date on the cheque before, and I thought it had been given to Leonard the week after it was sashed. I did say at the police court that the men were intoxi
<lb/>cated at two o'clock. I made a special note of it afterwards. I made that note before Mrs. Wellings called on me. I mentioned it at the Marl borough Street Police Court the second time I was there. I thought I had omitted it on the first occasion. I said it when they were reading my evidence over to me; I corrected them in reading it. I cannot account for the fact that there is no note of it at the end of my deposition. They were all three intoxicated, although not as intoxicated as they were at night. I cannot say that Wellings was able to do the writing for the others. I do not know that he has said he did. I have never had letter paper in my possession with Mr. Ralli's heading on it. I may have have said before that I repaid Bevington the ₤ 5. I have not been asked any question about it.</p>
<p>To Mr. Bennett Calvert. When Mrs. Wellings called she did not suggest that I should say that Wellings was drunk at two o'clock or that I should say the cheque had been taken to Williams; it was not thought of She simply called to borrow some money from me to buy food with.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-200" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-200" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-200" type="surname" value="LEONARD"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-200" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED LEONARD.</persName> </hi>The ₤ 5 cheque was given to me by Mrs. Thompson on December 4, and I passed it throught the bank on December 6. I gave her the proceeds in cash.</p>
<p>(Monday, February 14.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-201" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-201" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-201" type="surname" value="PARKER"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-201" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY PARKER</persName>,
<persName id="t19100208-name-202" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-202" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-202" type="surname" value="HOLDSWORTH"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-202" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL HOLDSWORTH</persName>, </hi>and
<persName id="t19100208-name-203" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-203" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-203" type="surname" value="GREYNICH"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-203" type="given" value="WALTER DE"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WALTER DE GREYNIRCH</hi> </persName> repeated the evidence given by them in the trial of Bev
<lb/>ington on the 11th inst.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-204" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-204" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-204" type="surname" value="JEPPS"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-204" type="given" value="FRENK"/>FRENK JEPPS, </persName> </hi>a District Messenger boy. On December 14, at ten to one I was engaged by Clarke, who handed me the letter in the envelope (produced). This I took to the Western Branch of the Bank of England, in Burlington Gardens; I was given an enclosed packet, which I took back to Clarke at the Marble Arch Tube Station. I subsequently picked out Clarke from a number of men.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE</hi>J. S.
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHNSTON, </hi>cashier at the Bank of England, Western Branch, said that he handed to Jepps the cheque-book (produced).</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100208-name-205" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100208-name-205" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-205" type="surname" value="NICHOLL"/>
<interp inst="t19100208-name-205" type="given" value="ARTHUR NUME"/>ARTHUR NUME NICHOLL, </persName> </hi>another cashier at the same bank, said that on December 14 he cashed the cheque for ₤ 1, 500, giving the man who tendered it sixteen₤ 50 notes, six ₤ 100 notes, and ₤ 100 in gold.</p>
<p>A number of witnesses were called to show how the ₤ 1, 400 in notes (traced by their numbers) were dealt with. Within 20 minutes from their being obtained by Clarke, he himself at the head office of</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191002080047"/>
<p>the Bank of England changed into English gold notes of the value of ₤ 400. Millington and Wellings went to Thomas Cook and Son, at Ludgate Circus, and changed notes for ₤ 700 into German and French gold; this they took to Cook and Son's office in Cockspur Street, and changed into English gold. Other notes were changed at various restaurants, jewellers, tailors, etc. About midnight on the 14th Bevington, Mrs. Thompson, and a Mr. Taylor were driven by a taxi
<lb/>cab-driver to Catford, where Bevington lived; Bevington was left there; Mrs. Thompson and Taylor were driven back to Bessborough Gardens. When he got to his garage the driver found in his cab the cheque-book from which the forged cheque had been taken. On December 15, outside the Savoy Hotel, Wellings handed two ₤ 50 notes to a taxicab-driver to get cashed; the driver went for that purpose to the Law hurts branch of the Bank of England; there the two notes were identified as part of the proceeds of the forged cheque; the driver went back to Wellings, who was waiting outside the Savoy, and he was arrested.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALBERT HINE, </hi>City Police. On December 15 Wellings was pointed out to me in the Strand by the cabdriver who had sought to change two notes at the Law Courts branch of the Bank of England. I went to Wellings and said, "We are police officers and are making inquiries regarding some bank notes which have been obtained by means of a forged cheque; two of those notes have been presented at the Law Courts branch this afternoon by the chauffeur, who says he received them from you." On the way to Vine Street Police Station I asked Wellings from whom he received the notes. He said, "I received the two notes about 3.30 p.m. in Romano's, from a man I know by the name of John Stuart Robinson, who said, 'Charlie, have you any money? '; I said, 'Yes '; he said, 'How about changing these two notes for me and how about a trip to Monte Carlo; I will pay all expenses? '; I took the notes to get them changed, and the man said to me, 'Give me the money at four o'clock.'" I said, "Did he give you any more notes? " he said, "No, " He appeared to have been drinking heavily.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HENRY FOWLER, </hi>C Division. On December 15 I saw Wellings at Vine Street Station; he was dr