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<p>1910, JANUARY.</p>
<p>Vol. CLII.] Part 903.</p>
<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>KNILL, MAYOR.</p>
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<interp inst="t19100111-name-1" type="surname" value="WALPOLE"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-1" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WALPOLE</persName>,</p>
<p>Shorthand Writer to the Court.</p>
<p>EDITED BY</p>
<p>[Published by Annual Subscription.]</p>
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<interp inst="t19100111-name-2" type="surname" value="WALPOLE"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-2" type="given" value="GEO"/>GEO. WALPOLE</persName>, PORTUGAL STREET BUILDINGS, LINCOLN'S INN, W.C.</p>
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<p>On the King's Commission of</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>Held on Tuesday, January 11th, 1910, and following days.</p>
<p>Before the Right Hon. Sir
<hi rend="largeCaps">
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<interp inst="t19100111-name-3" type="surname" value="KNILL"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-3" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN KNILL</persName> </hi>, Baronet,
<hi rend="largeCaps">LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; the Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t19100111-name-4" type="surname" value="RIDLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-4" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD RIDLEY</persName> </hi>, one of the Justices of His Majesty's High Court; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t19100111-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-5" type="surname" value="SAVORY"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-5" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH SAVORY</persName> </hi>, Bart., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t19100111-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-6" type="surname" value="NEWTON"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-6" type="given" value="ALFRED JAMES"/>ALFRED JAMES NEWTON</persName> </hi>, Bart., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">W.
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<interp inst="t19100111-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-7" type="surname" value="MORGAN"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-7" type="given" value="VAUGHAN"/>VAUGHAN MORGAN</persName> </hi>, Bart., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOS. BOOR CROSBY</hi>, Knight, M.D., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEO. J. WOODMAN</hi>, Knight, and
<hi rend="smallCaps">REGINALD E. JOHNSTON</hi>, Esq, Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t19100111-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-8" type="surname" value="FULTON"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-8" type="given" value="FORREST"/>FORREST FULTON</persName> </hi>, Knight, K.C., Recorder of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t19100111-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-9" type="surname" value="BOSANQUET"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-9" type="given" value="FK ALBERT"/>FK. ALBERT BOSANQUET</persName> </hi>, K.C., Common Serjeant of the said City; His Honour Judge
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t19100111-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-10" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-10" type="given" value="LUMLEY"/>LUMLEY SMITH</persName> </hi>, K.C., Commissioner; His Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
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<persName id="t19100111-name-11" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-11" type="surname" value="ROLL"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-11" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES ROLL</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RALPH SLAZENGER</hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">J. D. LANGTON</hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">W. J. B. TIPPETTS</hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">KNILL, MAYOR. THIRD SESSION</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE RECORDER</hi>.</p>
<p>(Tuesday, January 11.)</p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">BACON</hi>, Emma (33, no occupation)</persName>
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<interp inst="t19100111-1-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, of forging a banker's cheque for the payment of £10, with intent to defraud</rs>; she also
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<interp inst="t19100111-1-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>to an indictment alleging that she is an habitual drunkard</rs>.</p>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-1-19100111 t19100111-1-punishment-1"/>The Recorder sentenced prisoner to 14 days' imprisonment</rs>,
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-1-19100111 t19100111-1-punishment-2"/>to be followed by 18 months' detention in an inebriate reformatory</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">GREEN</hi>, Charles (22, cabinet-maker)</persName>, and
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<hi rend="largeCaps">WIESNER</hi>, Felix (26, engineer)</persName>
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<interp inst="t19100111-2-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-2-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, of (both) burglary in the dwelling house of
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<interp inst="t19100111-name-15" type="surname" value="CUMMING"/>
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-2-offence-1 t19100111-name-15"/>Frederick Mann Cumming</persName> and stealing therein one writing case and other articles, his goods; attempting to break and enter the dwelling house of
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<interp inst="t19100111-name-16" type="surname" value="BUTTS"/>
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-2-offence-1 t19100111-name-16"/>Herbert Butts</persName>, with intent to steal therein</rs>; (Green)
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<interp inst="t19100111-2-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-2-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>being found by night having in his possession, without lawful excuse, certain implements of housebreaking, to wit, one screwdriver, one gimlet, and other articles</rs>; (both)
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<interp inst="t19100111-2-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>burglary in the dwelling house of
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<interp inst="t19100111-name-17" type="surname" value="AUSTIN"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-17" type="given" value="EDWIN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-2-offence-3 t19100111-name-17"/>Edwin Austin</persName> and stealing therein one bicycle and other articles, his goods; burglary in the dwelling-house of
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<interp inst="t19100111-name-18" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-18" type="surname" value="BOWYER"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-18" type="given" value="ARTHUR THOMAS ABRAHAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-2-offence-3 t19100111-name-18"/>Arthur Thomas Abraham Bowyer</persName> and stealing therein a postal order for the payment of 4s., £2 12s., three purses, and other articles, his goods and moneys</rs>.</p>
<p>The police stated that Green, a Swiss, and Wiesner, a German, had been concerned in eight other burglaries. Green had been several times convicted; he had been deported, but had returned to this country.</p>
<p>Sentence: Green,
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-2-19100111 t19100111-2-punishment-3"/>Three years' penal servitude</rs>; Wiesner,
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-2-19100111 t19100111-2-punishment-4"/>20 months' hard labour</rs>;
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-2-19100111 t19100111-2-punishment-5"/>both certified for expulsion under the Aliens Act</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">GORDON</hi>, Robert Frederick (30, postman)</persName>
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<interp inst="t19100111-3-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-3-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, of stealing two postal packets containing postal orders for the payment of 5s. and 5s. respectively, the property of the
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-3-offence-1 t19100111-name-20"/>Postmaster-General</persName>, he being employed under the Post Office.</rs> </p>
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<p>Prisoner was formerly in the Royal Field Artillery and had served with distinction in the South African campaign.</p>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-3-19100111 t19100111-3-punishment-6"/>Three months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERTSON</hi>, Alfred Alexander (22, postman)</persName>
<rs id="t19100111-4-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-4-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-4-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
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<interp inst="t19100111-4-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-4-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, of stealing a postal packet containing a Post Office Savings Bank deposit book, the goods of His Majesty's Postmaster-General, he being employed under the Post Office; forging and uttering, knowing the same to be forged, a Post Office Savings Bank notice of withdrawal for £61 2s. 10d., with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-4-19100111 t19100111-4-punishment-7"/>Nine months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">WELMAN</hi>, Wellesley (61, no occupation)</persName>
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<interp inst="t19100111-5-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
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<interp inst="t19100111-5-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-5-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>, of feloniously marrying
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<interp inst="t19100111-name-23" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-23" type="surname" value="HICKMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-23" type="given" value="ESTHER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-5-offence-1 t19100111-name-23"/>Esther Hickman</persName>, his wife being then alive.</rs> </p>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-5-19100111 t19100111-5-punishment-8"/>18 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-6-19100111" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19100111" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19100111" type="occupation" value="printer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GREEN</hi>, James (38, printer)</persName>
<rs id="t19100111-6-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-6-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-6-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/>, indicted for breaking and entering the dwelling house of
<persName id="t19100111-name-25" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-25" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-25" type="surname" value="FOWLER"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-25" type="given" value="SAMUEL THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-6-offence-1 t19100111-name-25"/>Samuel Thomas Fowler</persName> and stealing therein a Post Office Savings Bank book</rs>,
<rs id="t19100111-6-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-6-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-6-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>pleaded guilty of receiving</rs>.</p>
<p>A previous conviction (with a sentence of three years' penal servi
<lb/>tude) was proved.</p>
<rs id="t19100111-6-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-6-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-6-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-6-19100111 t19100111-6-punishment-9"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Tuesday, January 11.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100111-7">
<interp inst="t19100111-7" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100111"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-7" type="date" value="19100111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100111-7-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-7-19100111 t19100111-7-offence-1 t19100111-7-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-7-19100111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-7-19100111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19100111" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19100111" type="surname" value="NELSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19100111" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19100111" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NELSON</hi>, Alfred (28, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19100111-7-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-7-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-7-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19100111-7-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-7-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-7-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, of feloniously making counterfeit coin; possessing counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>Convictions proved: 10 days at West Ham Police Court, Decem
<lb/>ber 19, 1895, for stealing biscuits; six weeks at West Ham Police Court, January 5, 1898, for stealing a coat; two months at West Ham Police Court, March 10, 1898, for stealing two coats; three months at West Ham Police Court, October 24, 1898, for stealing cash box, etc.; 12 months and 18 lashes at this Court, September 10, 1901, for robbery with violence; 18 months at this Court, June 26, 1905, for double uttering of counterfeit coin; three minor summary conviction for obscene language.</p>
<p>Prisoner was stated to have obtained work since his last conviction. Sentence,
<rs id="t19100111-7-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-7-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-7-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-7-19100111 t19100111-7-punishment-10"/>18 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100111-8">
<interp inst="t19100111-8" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100111"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-8" type="date" value="19100111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100111-8-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-8-19100111 t19100111-8-offence-1 t19100111-8-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100111-8-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-8-19100111 t19100111-8-offence-2 t19100111-8-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-8-19100111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-8-19100111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19100111" type="age" value="51"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19100111" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19100111" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19100111" type="occupation" value="barber"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAMS</hi>, Harry (51, barber)</persName>
<rs id="t19100111-8-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-8-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-8-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19100111-8-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-8-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-8-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, of uttering counterfeit coin four times on the same day</rs>;
<rs id="t19100111-8-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-8-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-8-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assault"/>assaulting
<persName id="t19100111-name-28" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-28" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-28" type="surname" value="SPRING"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-28" type="given" value="ARTHUR WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-8-offence-2 t19100111-name-28"/>Arthur William Spring</persName> </rs>.</p>
<p>Convictions proved: June 10, 1904, West Ham Quarter Sessions, two years' hard labour, stealing cloth; December 11, 1885, at Barnsley Petty Sessions, 28 days, stealing under the name of Houston; February 16, 1886, Leeds Police Court, three months, stealing boots; Decem
<lb/>ber 6, 1889, Leicester Police Court, 14 days, stealing a coat; March 14, 1890, Halifax Police Court, one month, for stealing scissors; April 29,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191001110007"/>
<p>1890, Salford Petty Sessions, one month, stealing scissors; July 15, 1890, four months, at Liverpool, for stealing a watch; December 5, 1890, Salford Assizes, six months' hard labour and three years' police supervision, stealing razors; October 22, 1891, Cambridge, 12 months' hard labour, for stealing money; September 4, 1893, North London Sessions, six months' hard labour for stealing a purse; March 21, 1895, Thames Police Court, six months for stealing razors; October 26,1895, Guildhall one month for stealing a coat; December 10, 1895, South London Sessions, 16 months and three years' police supervision for stealing; February 2,1897, North London, three years' penal servitude and two years' police supervision, stealing a bag; November 28, 1899, at Winchester, five years' penal servitude for forgery; February 7, 1908, Guildhall, 12 months' hard labour; also five summary convictions for assault and drunkenness.</p>
<rs id="t19100111-8-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-8-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-8-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-8-19100111 t19100111-8-punishment-11"/>For uttering, 12 months' hard labour</rs>;
<rs id="t19100111-8-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-8-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-8-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-8-19100111 t19100111-8-punishment-12"/>for assault, 12 months' hard labour, consecutive</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100111-9">
<interp inst="t19100111-9" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100111"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-9" type="date" value="19100111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100111-9-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-19100111 t19100111-9-offence-1 t19100111-9-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-9-19100111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-9-19100111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19100111" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19100111" type="surname" value="TURNER"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19100111" type="given" value="HORACE"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19100111" type="occupation" value="barman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">TURNER</hi>, Horace (40, barman)</persName>
<rs id="t19100111-9-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-9-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-9-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, uttering counterfeit coin three times on the same day.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Pickersgill prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-30" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-30" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-30" type="surname" value="PALMER"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-30" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT PALMER</persName> </hi>, licensee of the "Denmark" beerhouse, 5 1/2 Gloucester Terrace, Kensington. On December 6, 1909, at 5.30 p.m. prisoner asked for a glass of bitter, 2d., and put a two-shilling-piece (produced) on the counter. I told him the coin was bad. He said, "You will find a lot of these about this Christmas time." I tried the coin with acid and it turned black. He then gave me a good shilling. I gave him 10d. change and the bad coin. My barman said, "I believe this man has got a good deal more money on him. I am a great mind to have him locked up." Prisoner, hearing this, left half his beer unfinished and walked out of the bar.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-31" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-31" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-31" type="surname" value="RAYNER"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-31" type="given" value="HARRY"/>HARRY RAYNER</persName> </hi>, licensee, "Prince of Wales'" beerhouse, 91, Wilton Road, Pimlico. On December 6, 1909, at about 7.15 p.m., prisoner called for a glass of bitter, 2d., tendered two-shilling-piece, which I told him was bad. He said, "I do not think so, but is this a good one?" and handed me a good two-shilling-piece, for which I gave him the change. I marked the bad coin, which is that produced. I asked prisoner where he got it from. He said he had done a day's work for 4s. and received it in payment; he asked me not to destroy it, as he was going to take it back to his governor, and I handed the bad coin also to him. Walter Blyth, a customer, I believe, followed prisoner out.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-32" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-32" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-32" type="surname" value="BLYTH"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-32" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER BLYTH</persName> </hi>, caretaker, 23, Berkeley Square, W. On Decem
<lb/>ber 6, at 7.15 p.m., I was in the "Prince of Wales'" beerhouse and heard prisoner tendering a coin which the landlord said was bad. Prisoner said, "Do not destroy it, governor; I have had it given to me for a hard day's work in 4s." The landlord said, "If that is the case I will give it you back to give to your governor." Prisoner then produced a good coin and paid for his refreshment. I asked to look at the coin. Prisoner said, "Certainly not—the governor is quite enough to look at it without you." Prisoner then left and I followed</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191001110008"/>
<p>him towards Victoria Station; he met another man, talked to him for about two minutes, and then went into the "Fountain" beerhouse. I went into the next bar. He called for refreshment and I saw the landlord put a two-shilling-piece on the ledge of the till. I drew the landlord's attention to it and he discovered that it was a marked coin. The prisoner drank his refreshment and went out. I spoke to a police officer and he was brought back and charged. The prisoner and the other man appeared to be passing and repassing something to one another.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-33" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-33" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-33" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WRIGHT</persName> </hi>, manager, "Fountain" beerhouse, 16, Gillingham Street, Pimlico, at the corner of Milton Road. On December 6, 1909, at about 7 p.m., prisoner called for a glass of ale, 1 1/2 d., and put down a two-shilling-piece. I put the coin on the till and gave him 1s. 10 1/2 d. change. The last witness spoke to me. I looked at the coin and dis
<lb/>covered it was bad, and then found that the prisoner had left. I went out, found the prisoner a few yards off, brought him back and said, "You have given me a bad two-shilling-piece." He said, "I did not know—I am very sorry. "I gave him back the bad coin; he gave me two good shillings, called for another glass of beer, drank it, and went out. Two or three minutes afterwards he was brought back and searched in the bar and the bad coin (produced) was found upon him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CHARLES FROST</hi>, 419 B. On December 6, 1909, at about 7.15 p.m., Blyth spoke to me and pointed to the prisoner, who was seven or eight yards from the "Fountain" public house. Blyth said he should give him into custody for attempting to change a bad two-shilling-piece at the "Fountain" beerhouse. I took prisoner into the "Fountain," searched him, and found bad two-shilling-piece pro
<lb/>duced in his pocket. On the way to the station he said, "A pal of mine gave it to me, but I shall not put him away."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-34" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-34" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-34" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>, Inspector of Coins, His Majesty's Mint. The florin produced is counterfeit; it is a very good imitation.</p>
<p>Prisoner's statement: "I had only one bad coin on me so far as I know and I did not know it was bad. Had I known I would not have tendered it."</p>
<rs id="t19100111-9-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-9-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-9-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty of the second and third utterings</rs>.</p>
<p>Convictions proved: March 29, 1905, Greenwich Police Court, one month's hard labour for stealing money; July 7, 1908, South-Western Police Court, six months' hard labour for stealing chairs; July 28, 1909, North London Police Court, three months for stealing whisky from a public house bar; May 28, 1909, Old Street, two months for stealing bottles of gin.</p>
<rs id="t19100111-9-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-9-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-9-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-19100111 t19100111-9-punishment-13"/>Eight months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100111-10">
<interp inst="t19100111-10" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100111"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-10" type="date" value="19100111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100111-10-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-19100111 t19100111-10-offence-1 t19100111-10-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-10-19100111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-10-19100111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19100111" type="age" value="65"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19100111" type="surname" value="RADMORE"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19100111" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19100111" type="occupation" value="shoemaker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RADMORE</hi> Henry (65, shoemaker)</persName>
<rs id="t19100111-10-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-10-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-10-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, uttering counterfeit coins twice within ten days.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Pickersgill prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-36" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-36" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-36" type="surname" value="MILLS"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-36" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE MILLS</persName> </hi>, barmaid, "Phoenix" public house, Norton Folgate. On November 27, 1909, between four and five p.m., prisoner asked for a glass of ale, 1d., and gave me a two-shilling-piece, which I put on the till. My mistress afterwards discovered it was bad and threw</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191001110009"/>
<p>it in the fire. On December 4, at about the same time, prisoner again came into the bar, asked for a glass of ale and gave me a two-shilling-piece, which I tried with acid and found bad. I called my mistress who broke it in the engine and asked prisoner if he had any more. He said "No." I said, "This is the man who came in last week and gave me a bad two-shilling-piece."</p>
<p>Cross-examined. When I put the first coin on the till there was no other two-shilling-piece on the till. There was £4 in change arranged in small silver.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-37" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-37" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-37" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-37" type="given" value="ALICE"/>ALICE EVANS</persName> </hi>, licensee, "Phoenix" public house. On November 27, at 4 p.m., I cleared the till, which had been working since dinner time. At 4.55 I went again to the till and found one two-shilling-piece, which I put in my office. The next morning, in counting the money, I found the two-shilling-piece was bad and destroyed it by putting it in the fire, so that it should not get into circulation again. On December 4, at about 4 pm., Mills showed me another two-shilling-piece and stated that the prisoner had given it her and that he was the same man who had passed the bad florin on November 27. I asked prisoner if he had any more; he made no reply and I sent the potman for a constable I broke the coin and handed the pieces to the officer.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALBERT PERRY</hi>, 266 G. On December 4, 1909, at about 4 p.m., I was called to the "Phoenix" and found the prisoner in the bar. Broken florin produced was handed to me. I searched the prisoner. Mills said, "That is the man who came here last week and gave me another bad two-shilling-piece." Prisoner made no reply. When charged at the station he said, "You will see how easy I get out of this I got this off a 'bus."</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner did not say, "How easy I can explain how I came into possession of that two-shilling-piece."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-38" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-38" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-38" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-38" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>, Inspector of Coins, His Majesty's Mint. The broken florin produced is counterfeit; it is a fair imitation.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-39" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-39" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-39" type="surname" value="RADMORE"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-39" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY RADMORE</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath). All I can say is I came into possession of that two-shilling-piece from a 'bus conductor in change of 2s. 6d. I rode from the Elephant to Brushfield Street, went into prosecutrix's house and tendered the two-shilling-piece without knowing it was bad. I did not pass the coin on the first occasion. I deny having been in the house before.</p>
<p>The Jury, after deliberating for 25 minutes, were unable to agree and were discharged.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, January 12.)</p>
<p>Prisoner was tried again, on the same evidence, and found
<rs id="t19100111-10-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-10-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-10-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Convictions proved: September 2, 1895, Worship Street, six weeks' hard labour for stealing a cash box from a public house; January 28, 1898, Lambeth, 21 days for unlawful possession of tea; May 17, 1898, North London Sessions, one month for stealing a carpet from outside</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191001110010"/>
<p>a shop; October 16, 1901, Edmonton, nine months for stealing a gold chain from the person.</p>
<rs id="t19100111-10-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-10-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-10-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-19100111 t19100111-10-punishment-14"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MR. JUSTICE RIDLEY</hi>.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, January 12.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100111-11">
<interp inst="t19100111-11" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100111"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-11" type="date" value="19100111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100111-11-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-19100111 t19100111-11-offence-1 t19100111-11-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-11-19100111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-11-19100111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19100111" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19100111" type="surname" value="BLACKWELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19100111" type="given" value="GEORGE HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19100111" type="occupation" value="cook"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BLACKWELL</hi>, George Henry (24, cook)</persName>
<rs id="t19100111-11-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-11-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-11-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19100111-11-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-11-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-11-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="threateningBehaviour"/>, of mali
<lb/>ciously sending and delivering, knowing the contents thereof, a letter threatening to murder
<persName id="t19100111-name-41" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-41" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-41" type="surname" value="NEAL"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-41" type="given" value="SARAH ELIZA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-11-offence-1 t19100111-name-41"/>Sarah Eliza Neal</persName>.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19100111-11-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-11-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-11-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-19100111 t19100111-11-punishment-15"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100111-12">
<interp inst="t19100111-12" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100111"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-12" type="date" value="19100111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100111-12-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-19100111 t19100111-12-offence-1 t19100111-12-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-12-19100111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-12-19100111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19100111" type="age" value="41"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19100111" type="surname" value="NAISH"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19100111" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19100111" type="occupation" value="solicitor"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NAISH</hi>, Charles (41, solicitor)</persName>
<rs id="t19100111-12-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-12-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-12-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19100111-12-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-12-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-12-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, that, having received £178 6s. 5d. for and on account of
<persName id="t19100111-name-43" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-43" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-43" type="given" value="OTTO"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-12-offence-1 t19100111-name-43"/>Otto Hill</persName>, and £66 13s. 6d. for and on account of
<persName id="t19100111-name-44" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-44" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-44" type="surname" value="BROOK"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-44" type="given" value="EDWIN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-12-offence-1 t19100111-name-44"/>Edwin Brook</persName>, he did fraudulently convert the said sums to his own use and benefit.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19100111-12-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-12-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-12-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-19100111 t19100111-12-punishment-16"/>Nine months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19100111-13" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100111"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100111-13-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-19100111 t19100111-13-offence-1 t19100111-13-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-13-19100111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-13-19100111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19100111" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19100111" type="surname" value="IRELAND"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19100111" type="given" value="ALBERT WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19100111" type="occupation" value="porter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">IRELAND</hi>, Albert William (25, porter)</persName>
<rs id="t19100111-13-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-13-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-13-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, feloniously wounding
<persName id="t19100111-name-46" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-46" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-46" type="surname" value="BUSSEY"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-46" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-46" type="occupation" value="restaurant keeper"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-13-offence-1 t19100111-name-46"/>Annie Bussey</persName> with intent to murder her.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Bodkin and Mr. Graham-Campbell prosecuted.</p>
<p>Prisoner had been in the employment as cook of Mrs. Bussey, a restaurant keeper in Waterloo Road. On her discharging him, he sued her for wages in lieu of notice. On December 1 the action was heard before Judge Willis in the Southwark County Court and was dismissed. As the parties left the Court the prisoner remarked to prosecutrix, "This has finished me, Mrs. Bussey; I will have a rope round my neck" Having procured a knife from a refreshment shop, he followed prosecutrix and, shouting "God told me to do it; you must die; all wicked women must die," plunged the knife in her throat. To the policeman who arrested him he said, "I did it, sir; God told me to do it for her telling lies before Judge Willis this morning." On being charged he said, "Yes, I took the knife from inside the shop and cut her throat like that; I told Judge Willis she was telling lies in the Court, and I told her if she did tell lies what I would do; but I am glad she is not dead." The wound inflicted on the woman was two or three inches long, going very deeply in, right into the pharynx, cutting through the thyroid cartilage just above the vocal chords. She is now out of danger, but still confined to the hospital.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">REGINALD DYER</hi>, medical officer of Brixton Prison, said that prisoner had been under his observation since December 14 last, and had told him that when he was ten years of age a scaffold pole fell on his head. He was a man of weak intellect, very excitable, and subject to epileptic fits. Witness believed that this act was done during an epileptic seizure and that prisoner at the time was not accountable for his actions.</p>
<p>The Jury found prisoner
<rs id="t19100111-13-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-13-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-13-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="insane"/>Guilty of causing grievous bodily harm, but that he was not responsible for his actions at the time</rs>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191001110011"/>
<p>Mr. Justice Ridley
<rs id="t19100111-13-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-13-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-13-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="insanity"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-19100111 t19100111-13-punishment-17"/>ordered the prisoner's detention until His Majesty's pleasure was known</rs>.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Does that mean that I am to be imprisoned for life?</p>
<p>Mr. Justice Ridley. No, I think not.</p>
<p>Prisoner. If I recover I shall be discharged; is that so?</p>
<p>Mr. Justice Ridley. That is a matter for the consideration of another power.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19100111-14" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100111"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-14" type="date" value="19100111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100111-14-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-19100111 t19100111-14-offence-1 t19100111-14-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100111-14-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-19100111 t19100111-14-offence-2 t19100111-14-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-14-19100111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-14-19100111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19100111" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19100111" type="surname" value="PARKER"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19100111" type="given" value="OLIVER ALFRED ARCHIBALD"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19100111" type="occupation" value="registered moneylender"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PARKER</hi>, Oliver Alfred Archibald (35, registered moneylender)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t19100111-14-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-14-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-14-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> for unlawfully forging, counterfeiting, and uttering a paper writing purporting to be a request for the payment by
<persName id="t19100111-name-48" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-48" type="surname" value="PAGE"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-48" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-14-offence-1 t19100111-name-48"/>Alfred Page</persName> of money, which said request purported to be a request by C. E. Henderson on behalf of and with the authority of the Admiralty of England</rs>;
<rs id="t19100111-14-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-14-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-14-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>forging and uttering the said writing; unlawfully obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t19100111-name-49" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-49" type="surname" value="PAGE"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-49" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-14-offence-2 t19100111-name-49"/>Alfred Page</persName> £1 1s., unlawfully endeavouring to obtain from the said
<persName id="t19100111-name-50" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-50" type="surname" value="PAGE"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-50" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-14-offence-2 t19100111-name-50"/>Alfred Page</persName> divers moneys upon and by virtue of the said forged instrument, in each case with intent to defraud, and feloniously sending to the said
<persName id="t19100111-name-51" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-51" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-51" type="surname" value="PAGE"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-51" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-14-offence-2 t19100111-name-51"/>Alfred Page</persName> a letter demanding of him with menaces divers moneys</rs>.</p>
<p>Mr. Bodkin, Mr. Leycester, and Mr. Roome prosecuted; Mr. Framp
<lb/>ton defended.</p>
<p>The indictment for demanding by virtue of a forged writing was first taken.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-52" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-52" type="surname" value="PAGE"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-52" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED PAGE</persName> </hi>, leading stoker on H. M. S. Shannon. In February, 1909, being desirous of borrowing some money, I communicated with Parker, Wallis, and Co., whose advertisements I had seen. They lent me £2 for one month, charging 15s. interest and 1s. 6d, for expenses; this loan was duly repaid. In May I had from them another loan, £3, agreeing to pay £1 1s. a month, interest and 1s. expenses. This loan was to be repaid on July 1. At that date I was unable to repay it, but I sent £1 1s. for interest. (Witness was taken through a number of letters sent to him by defendant, threatening that if he did not take up the loan the matter would be laid before the Admiralty; one stated that in a similar case defendant had gone to the Admiralty and the debtor had been dismissed his ship.) Eventually, on September 27, I received the letter produced; on the flap of the envelope containing it there was an anchor. (The letter was on War Office paper; "War Office" had been blotted out and "Admiralty" substituted; it was signed "C. E. Henderson"; it called witness's attention to an appli
<lb/>cation by defendant for the repayment of £5 15b. 4d., money lent and interest, and concluded, "Kindly give the matter your best attention without further delay") I believed that this was a genuine letter from the Admiralty, and I thought I was likely to get into serious trouble. I spoke to the chaplain of the Shannon and subsequently to the captain, who sent all the papers to the Admiralty.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have never suggested that Parker, Wallis, and Co. have defrauded me. I have not complained of the interest charged I regard the balance as still due by me and intend to pay it when this case is over.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191001110012"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-53" type="surname" value="LEE"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-53" type="given" value="CHARLES RICHARD"/>CHARLES RICHARD LEE</persName> </hi>, a Higher Division clerk at the Admiralty. I know no official in my department of the name of C. E. Henderson. The signature to the letter produced is unknown to me; so far as my knowledge goes the letter was not written by anyone with the authority of the Admiralty. The Admiralty never uses War Office paper.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HENRY PHILLIPS</hi>, City Police, proved the arrest Prisoner made no reply to the charge.</p>
<p>Mr. Frampton submitted that there was no case to go to the Jury on this indictment. The forged instrument contained no demand for the payment of money; it was merely an accompanying note to a letter which was not a forgery and which asked for money by virtue of a promissory note, which in turn was not forged. Further, "intent to defraud" was an essential ingredient in this indictment, and, so far from there being evidence of intent, Page had said that he made no charge of fraud against defendant.</p>
<p>Mr. Justice Ridley said there was plenty of evidence of intent, and the case must go to the Jury.</p>
<p>After considerable deliberation, the Jury stated that they were agreed that the defendant did not intend to defraud, and his Lordship treated this as a verdict of
<rs id="t19100111-14-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-14-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-14-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>(Friday, January 14.)</p>
<p>Defendant was now indicted for forgery at common law and
<rs id="t19100111-14-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-14-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-14-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>.</p>
<rs id="t19100111-14-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-14-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-14-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-19100111 t19100111-14-punishment-18"/>Mr. Justice Ridley said he would release defendant on his own recog
<lb/>nisances in £100 to come up for judgment if called upon, but his Lord-ship added that he would put in his book the sentence which in his view the defendant ought to receive, and if the offence were repeated he would be brought up to receive that sentence</rs>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE RECORDER</hi>.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, January 12.)</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19100111-15" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100111"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-15" type="date" value="19100111"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100111-15-charge-7" targOrder="Y" targets="def4-15-19100111 t19100111-15-offence-1 t19100111-15-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100111-15-charge-8" targOrder="Y" targets="def4-15-19100111 t19100111-15-offence-2 t19100111-15-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-15-19100111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-15-19100111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19100111" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19100111" type="surname" value="MUNROE"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19100111" type="given" value="ALEXANDER FRANCIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19100111" type="occupation" value="ex-postman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MUNROE</hi>, Alexander Francis (42, ex-postman)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-15-19100111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-15-19100111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-15-19100111" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def2-15-19100111" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="def2-15-19100111" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<interp inst="def2-15-19100111" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HALL</hi>, Harry (40, clerk)</persName>,
<persName id="def3-15-19100111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-15-19100111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-15-19100111" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def3-15-19100111" type="surname" value="LAMPARD"/>
<interp inst="def3-15-19100111" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def3-15-19100111" type="occupation" value="licensed victualler"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LAMPARD</hi>, John (32, licensed victualler)</persName>, and
<persName id="def4-15-19100111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def4-15-19100111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def4-15-19100111" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def4-15-19100111" type="surname" value="PAYNE"/>
<interp inst="def4-15-19100111" type="given" value="FREDERICK GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def4-15-19100111" type="occupation" value="postman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PAYNE</hi>, Frederick George (35, postman)</persName>
<rs id="t19100111-15-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-15-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-15-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, all conspiring and agreeing together feloniously to obtain by forged post letters from
<persName id="t19100111-name-58" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-58" type="surname" value="MCLAUCHLAN"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-58" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-15-offence-1 t19100111-name-58"/>John McLauchlan</persName> £3 8s. 6d., from A. E. Grimwade £15, from Archer and Bacon £8, from
<persName id="t19100111-name-59" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-59" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-59" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-59" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-15-offence-1 t19100111-name-59"/>George White</persName> £4 10s., and from the said John McLauchlan £4 19s. 3d., in each case with intent to defraud</rs>. Prisoners were also indicted for
<rs id="t19100111-15-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-15-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-15-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>forging Post Office date stamps on envelopes</rs>. Each of the prisoners, with the exception of Lampard, pleaded guilty to certain counts.</p>
<p>Mr. Muir and Mr. Forster Boulton prosecuted; Mr. Forrest Fulton appeared for Hall; Mr. W. H. Coumbe for Lampard, and Mr. Mac-Mahon for Payne.</p>
<p>The first indictment tried was laid under section 38 of the Forgery Act, 1861. The allegation against Hall, Munroe, and Payne was that acting in concert together they obtained money from bookmakers at</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191001110013"/>
<p>Flushing, in Holland, by means of a false pretence, the false pretence being that letters containing bets on football matches and races had been posted before knowledge of the results, whereas forged post office marks had been obtained from Munroe and Payne and the envelopes posted when the results were known. A postman named Walker, attached to the E. G. district, was also approached by Hall, with a view to engaging him in the fraud, but Walker communicated with his superiors, by whom he was instructed to act as "agent provocateur."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-60" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-60" type="surname" value="DAVIES"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-60" type="given" value="RICHARD WALTER"/>RICHARD WALTER DAVIES</persName> </hi>, messenger, Investigation Department, General Post Office. Prior to October 15 I had been keeping Munroe under observation. On that day I went to Epsom, where I saw prisoner Hall. I followed him. He went to the Epsom Post Office and after-wards returned by train to Vauxhall, where he arrived at 1.20 p.m. From there I followed him to Clayton Street, Kennington. I saw him meet Munroe outside "The Cricketers" public house. Munroe returned to the public house after shaking hands with Hall and the latter proceeded by way of Kennington Road to Sale Street, Lambeth Road, arriving there about 2.20 p.m. At that time Munroe was on his way to the sorting office with a collection. Hall followed Munroe into Hercules Road, where they spoke to one another; Hall remained in the Hercules Road and Munroe proceeded to the sorting office in the Hercules Road. Before Munroe went into the sorting office I saw him take his delivery bag from his shoulder and put something into it. Next day I saw Hall in the Lambeth Road about 2.30 p.m. I also saw Munroe about that time. I did not see the two men actually join, but I saw them together and after they had parted. Munroe went on with his collection. On November 20 I saw Munroe at the sorting office about 10.40 a.m. He was then engaged in sorting. At 11.3 I saw him leave his seat, go to the table where the date stamp is and make two hits on two envelopes. The envelopes he put in his uniform coat pocket, then returned to his seat and immediately afterwards left the office. I saw him again on November 27. He arrived at the sorting office at 10.45 a.m. At 11.8 he rose from his desk and spoke to the officer in charge of the sorting office. At 11.10 I saw him use the date stamp, with which he made two hits as before upon two envelopes. The two envelopes he took to his desk and put them behind his delivery, which he had previously prepared. He then put the letters in his delivery bundle and tied it up. At 11.20 he left the office. I followed him into the Westminster Bridge Road, he being on one side of the road and Hall on the other. Hall entered the "King's Arms" public house and Munroe followed him into the same bar. They stayed there about five minutes, left together, and walked through St. George's Road to another public house called "The Prince of Wales." I saw Munroe leave the house alone at 11.40, and he proceeded with his delivery, beginning near the "Elephant and Castle." Hall left "The Prince of Wales" about five minutes later. I followed him into the Lambeth Branch Post Office, where I saw him purchase several postal orders. I know the postman Walker, who is a witness in this case. I have seen Hall and Walker together several times. I have not the dates Here; they</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191001110014"/>
<p>are in my report. Acting under instructions, I was at each meeting between Hall and postman Walker between November 16 and 27.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Coumbe: In all the various conversations which I overheard I saw or heard nothing about Lampard.</p>
<p>Mr. Muir said that there having been no cross-examination of this witness he thought it unnecessary to call the overseer of the Ken
<lb/>nington Post Office, who would merely corroborate as to Munroe's duties, or John Davy, the witness who saw him stamping the two letters on November 27, or Willey, who saw him with Hall in St. George's Road, unless Munroe desired their presence.</p>
<p>Prisoner Munroe expressed a wish that his overseer should be called to speak to his character:</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-61" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-61" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-61" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-61" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS JOHNSON</persName> </hi>, overseer of the Kennington Sorting Office. Pri
<lb/>soner has been in the service since 1882. He came as a messenger boy and became a postman in 1886. His wages were 37s. a week and he would be entitled to a small pension after ten years' service. Up to a certain time I had every confidence in him, but I might say he was not one of the best, or he would have been receiving more money.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-62" type="surname" value="WALKER"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-62" type="given" value="GEORGE FREDERICK"/>GEORGE FREDERICK WALKER</persName> </hi>. I am a postman employed in the E. C. district office. The letters on my uniform showing the district to which I belong are "E.C. 153." On November 15, about 11 p.m., I was in the "Equestrian" public-house, St. George's Circus, in uniform. Prisoner Hall, who was then a stranger, spoke to me and said, "When your friends leave you I want to see you. It will do you a bit of good."</p>
<p>Mr. Muir said he had just received a communication which would have the effect of very much shortening this trial. Lampard was now willing to plead guilty to the conspiracy, and he would ask his lordship to direct a verdict of acquittal on the present indictment.</p>
<p>Munroe said he pleaded guilty to stamping the envelopes, but did not know what they were intended for.</p>
<p>The Recorder said in this indictment Munroe was charged with Hall with being accessories before the fact to the sending of these envelopes with the date stamps upon them, which in law constituted forgery. Probably Munroe did not understand that what he did amounted to forgery. The indictment first of all charged Lampard with committing this offence. Then it went on to recite as against Hall and Munroe that they did feloniously and maliciously incite and procure the said Lampard to commit the said felony. If they were accessories before the fact they could be tried as if they were prin
<lb/>cipal felons, if, as the indictment alleged, they counselled and pro
<lb/>cured Lampard. If the jury were asked to say that Lampard was not guilty the position would be one of great difficulty and might be discussed elsewhere.</p>
<p>Mr. Muir observed that a series of Acts had been passed which made it wholly unnecessary to speak of either principals or accessories, owing to the form of the present indictment, if the principal was acquitted the accessories must be acquitted also.</p>
<p>The Recorder. That is how it strikes me.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191001110015"/>
<p>Mr. Muir thought all the prisoners might be satisfactorily dealt with if his lordship would direct an acquittal on the indictment for forgery, there being another indictment to which Hall was willing to plead guilty.</p>
<p>The Recorder explained to the jury that owing to the way in which the indictment was framed he would ask them to say that Lampard was not guilty, and, of course, the other two men could not be con
<lb/>victed of counselling Lampard to commit a felony which he did not commit.</p>
<rs id="t19100111-15-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-15-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-15-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>A verdict of Not guilty was accordingly returned and all the pri
<lb/>soners pleaded guilty to the charge of conspiracy</rs>. Several previous convictions were proved against Hall.</p>
<p>Mr. Muir said that with regard to Payne he was held in such high esteem that Mr. Garrett, one of the Metropolitan police magistrates, had given up his day to come here and give him a good character, the same character that he bore in the service of the Post Office, and so far as the Post Office could, consistently with their duty to the public, recommend a servant who had fallen away from his duty, counsel was instructed to recommend Payne to the merciful consideration of the court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-63" type="surname" value="ASHPLANT"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-63" type="given" value="THOMAS DAVIDGE"/>THOMAS DAVIDGE ASHPLANT</persName> </hi>, public-house broker, High Holborn;
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK CHARLES HAILEY</hi>, valuer and gauger of licensed houses, 18, Upper Park Street, Islington; and
<hi rend="smallCaps">HUBERT PITT</hi>, licensed victualler, Newington Causeway, gave evidence to the character of Lampard.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-64" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-64" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-64" type="surname" value="GARRETT"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-64" type="given" value="HENRY WILLIAM"/>HENRY WILLIAM GARRETT</persName> </hi>, Metropolitan police magistrate, living at Epsom, and the Rev.
<hi rend="smallCaps">ARCHER GEORGE HUNTER</hi>, Canon of Winchester, testified to the character of Payne.</p>
<p>The Recorder observed that in all his experience he did not recollect another instance where the Post Office had instructed counsel to recommend a prisoner to mercy. Upon the question of the use of the "Agent Provocateur" it was no part of his duty to express any opinion.</p>
<p>Sentences: Hall,
<rs id="t19100111-15-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-15-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-15-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-15-19100111 t19100111-15-punishment-19"/>Four years' penal servitude</rs>; Payne,
<rs id="t19100111-15-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-15-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-15-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def4-15-19100111 t19100111-15-punishment-20"/>Three months' imprisonment, second division</rs>; Munroe,
<rs id="t19100111-15-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-15-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-15-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19100111 t19100111-15-punishment-21"/>nine months' hard labour</rs>; Lampard,
<rs id="t19100111-15-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-15-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-15-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-15-19100111 t19100111-15-punishment-22"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100111-16">
<interp inst="t19100111-16" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100111"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-16" type="date" value="19100111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100111-16-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-19100111 t19100111-16-offence-1 t19100111-16-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-16-19100111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-16-19100111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19100111" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19100111" type="surname" value="BRAY"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19100111" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19100111" type="occupation" value="porter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BRAY</hi>, John (36, porter)</persName>
<rs id="t19100111-16-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-16-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-16-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19100111-16-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-16-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-16-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, of breaking and entering the shop of
<persName id="t19100111-name-66" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-66" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-66" type="surname" value="EDGAR"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-66" type="given" value="EDGAR SAMUEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-16-offence-1 t19100111-name-66"/>Edgar Samuel Edgar</persName> and stealing therein one tray and 21 gold rings, his goods.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19100111-16-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-16-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-16-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-19100111 t19100111-16-punishment-23"/>Nine months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100111-17">
<interp inst="t19100111-17" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100111"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-17" type="date" value="19100111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100111-17-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-19100111 t19100111-17-offence-1 t19100111-17-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-17-19100111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-17-19100111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19100111" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19100111" type="surname" value="MCALLISTER"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19100111" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19100111" type="occupation" value="porter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MCALLISTER</hi>, James (24, porter)</persName>
<rs id="t19100111-17-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-17-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-17-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19100111-17-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-17-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-17-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, of stealing one purse and 19s. 1 1/4 d., the goods and moneys of
<persName id="t19100111-name-68" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-68" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-68" type="surname" value="FIELD"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-68" type="given" value="LOUISA ELIZABETH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-17-offence-1 t19100111-name-68"/>Louisa Elizabeth Field</persName>, from her person.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner has been previously convicted and has undergone penal servitude.</p>
<rs id="t19100111-17-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-17-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-17-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-19100111 t19100111-17-punishment-24"/>18 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100111-18">
<interp inst="t19100111-18" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100111"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-18" type="date" value="19100111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100111-18-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-19100111 t19100111-18-offence-1 t19100111-18-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-18-19100111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-18-19100111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19100111" type="age" value="46"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19100111" type="surname" value="THAIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19100111" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19100111" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THAIN</hi>, James (46, clerk)</persName>
<rs id="t19100111-18-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-18-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-18-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19100111-18-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-18-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-18-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, of stealing three pairs of curtains and other articles, the goods of
<persName id="t19100111-name-70" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-70" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-70" type="surname" value="RATE"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-70" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-18-offence-1 t19100111-name-70"/>Annie Rate</persName>, and stealing two clocks and other articles, the goods of
<persName id="t19100111-name-71" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-71" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-71" type="surname" value="GERMANY"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-71" type="given" value="BESSIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-18-offence-1 t19100111-name-71"/>Bessie Germany</persName> </rs>,
<rs id="t19100111-18-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-18-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-18-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>and of feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19100111-name-72" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-72" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-72" type="surname" value="WALKER"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-72" type="given" value="AMELIA ELIZABETH ROSIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-18-offence-2 t19100111-name-72"/>Amelia Elizabeth Rosie Walker</persName>, his wife being then alive</rs>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191001110016"/>
<p>Prisoner was married about the year 1890 and has not lived with his wife for some considerable time. In 1908 he began to walk out with the woman Walker, who was in domestic service at West Hampstead and to whom he said that he had not seen his wife for seven years. The charge of stealing related to a number of articles of furniture, wearing apparel, etc., which he had stolen from a house where he had been lodging. These were found stored in a room in the house where he was living with the woman Walker, and he appears to have spent most of his time in visiting pawnbrokers with a view to disposing of the goods.</p>
<rs id="t19100111-18-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-18-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-18-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-19100111 t19100111-18-punishment-25"/>15 months for bigamy</rs> and
<rs id="t19100111-18-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-18-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-18-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-19100111 t19100111-18-punishment-26"/>six months on the indictment for stealing, to run concurrently</rs>.</p>
<p>Mr. Ernest Walsh, prosecuting, asked for an order of restitution of the property.</p>
<p>Mr. Horace Samuel (for pawnbrokers) suggested that this was a case where the Court might exercise its discretion under the Pawn-brokers Act, and only make an order on the terms that the people owning the goods should pay a certain amount as compensation.</p>
<p>The Recorder. What kind of things were they?</p>
<p>Mr. Samuel. Curtains and household articles. The total realized was about £7 or £8.</p>
<p>The Recorder.
<rs id="t19100111-18-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-18-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-18-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-19100111 t19100111-18-punishment-27"/>Things that the pawnbrokers might reasonably have believed were the man's own property. Under the circumstances I will make an order of restitution on the pawnbrokers receiving one-half of the amount they advanced. I think that will be a fair division of the loss</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100111-19">
<interp inst="t19100111-19" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100111"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-19" type="date" value="19100111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100111-19-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-19-19100111 t19100111-19-offence-1 t19100111-19-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-19-19100111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-19-19100111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19100111" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19100111" type="surname" value="FITZGERALD"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19100111" type="given" value="WILLIAM EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19100111" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FITZGERALD</hi>, William Edward (38, clerk)</persName>
<rs id="t19100111-19-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-19-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-19-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19100111-19-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-19-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-19-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, that having been entrusted by
<persName id="t19100111-name-74" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-74" type="surname" value="CLIFFORD"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-74" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-19-offence-1 t19100111-name-74"/>Arthur Clifford</persName> with divers moneys amounting to £4 4s., in order that he might deliver the same to
<persName id="t19100111-name-75" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-75" type="surname" value="BUTCHER"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-75" type="given" value="TOM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-19-offence-1 t19100111-name-75"/>Tom Butcher</persName>, he did fraudulently convert the same to his own use and benefit, and that having been entrusted with divers moneys amounting to £1 9s. in order that he might deliver the same to the said
<persName id="t19100111-name-76" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-76" type="surname" value="BUTCHER"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-76" type="given" value="TOM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-19-offence-1 t19100111-name-76"/>Tom Butcher</persName>, he did fraudulently convert the same to his own use and benefit.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner was secretary of a loan society and up to the time of these defalcations had borne an excellent character. He was formerly in the employ of a firm of law stationers in the Strand, who discontinued business owing, the Recorder suggested, to the changes which have taken place in the business of the law. Prisoner ascribed his defalca
<lb/>tions to his having lost his situation and having a wife and five children to support.</p>
<rs id="t19100111-19-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-19-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-19-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-19-19100111 t19100111-19-punishment-28"/>Three weeks' imprisonment, second division</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100111-20">
<interp inst="t19100111-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100111"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-20" type="date" value="19100111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100111-20-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-19100111 t19100111-20-offence-1 t19100111-20-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-20-19100111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-20-19100111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19100111" type="age" value="46"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19100111" type="surname" value="STOWELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19100111" type="given" value="AUGUSTUS"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19100111" type="occupation" value="dispenser"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">STOWELL</hi>, John Augustus, otherwise
<rs id="t19100111-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-19100111 t19100111-alias-1"/> Jack Stowell</rs>, or
<rs id="t19100111-alias-2" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-19100111 t19100111-alias-2"/>Essex</rs> (46. dispenser)</persName>
<rs id="t19100111-20-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-20-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-20-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>; stealing a Post Office Savings Bank deposit book, the property of His Majesty's
<persName id="t19100111-name-78" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-78" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-20-offence-1 t19100111-name-78"/>Postmaster-General</persName>; forging and uttering, knowing the same to be forged, a request for the payment of money to wit, a notice of withdrawal for £10 and a receipt for the payment of £10, with intent to defraud; forging and uttering, knowing the same to be forged, a receipt for the payment of £1, with intent to defraud</rs>.</p>
<p>Mr. Forster Boulton prosecuted.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191001110017"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-79" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-79" type="surname" value="EDLIN"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-79" type="given" value="EDWARD HOLBERTON"/>EDWARD HOLBERTON EDLIN</persName> </hi>, medical practitioner, 10, Ravenscourt Park Mansions, Hammersmith. I was a depositor in the Post Office Savings Bank and the book produced is mine. In December, 1908, I made a deposit of £30. I put the book in a small drawer at the back of the secretaire. The drawer was not locked; I never lock up things. On January 9, 1909, I went to look for the book between 9 and 10 in the morning. Prisoner had come to stay at Ravenscourt Park Man
<lb/>sions in November or October, 1906, just shortly before I opened this account. He went away on January 2, but he had been away at times before that. When he left on January 2 he said he would be back in a few days. He did not return. The authority to the Post Office (produced) to withdraw £10 by telegraph is signed in my name, but the signature is not mine and I never gave authority to anybody to sign my name to it. It is not like my signature at all. Prisoner sent me a letter from Torquay after his arrest, and the signature to the authority is very like that writing. The receipt produced signed "Edward H. Edlin" was not signed by me and I did not give any
<lb/>body authority to sign it. The demand note produced for £1 is not signed by me. It is signed with my full name, and I never sign like that. I did not give anybody authority to sign it. The deposit was made at Finsbury Pavement. I put the money in every month for a special purpose.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by prisoner. I had known you before you came to stay at Ravenscourt Park Mansions. I had two flats at the same time, one being in Bedford Park. My housekeeper was in bad health and I put her into a flat, and you came there and introduced yourself in the name of Essex. I allowed you to stop at Bedford Park, but not because my housekeeper was suffering from rheumatic fever. That was months after you came. My housekeeper unfortunately committed suicide. It is true that at Ravenscourt Park Mansions I had a receipt for the flat made out in your name because I was going away. I do not recollect whether I consulted you before I did that. I trusted you because I thought you were an honest man. I did not say when I gave you the receipt "The flat is now in your name. You are the landlord; I am the lodger." I did not say I was being pursued by a solicitor and it would be impossible for him now to seize my furniture; I had paid the solicitor off. He had seized my furniture prior to that, but that has nothing to do with this case. I gave you the receipt because I was going away and you were to look after the housekeeper, who, I understood, was an old sweetheart of yours. You came in a false name altogether, and deceived me right and left. I did not say to you, "The flat is in your name now; you can use my name at any time." I did not know that you had signed my name pre
<lb/>viously to orders for groceries and things like that, but you very likely did; you would sign my name to anything, I think. I trusted you to pay the bills sometimes, and I believe you did so. It may</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191001110018"/>
<p>have been that whatever you ordered I paid for, but I did not authorise you to write my name. I was not in such trouble at the time that I would have done anything to keep you at the flat—non
<lb/>sense. I did not give you the bank book as security for what I owed you; I never owed you a shilling. I was not paying you wages; I was giving you gratuities; you came to me in rags and tatters. When you came to me you were not dressed as you are now; you bought those clothes out of the £10; you acted as my valet to a certain ex
<lb/>tent; you brushed my clothes in the morning and cleaned the windows in the place. You had a home till you could find something to do, but all this would not give you authority to write out a cheque and sign it. There was no agreement that you should receive 10s. a week from me; I gave you gratuities. You were there living on me and looking after a housekeeper you had known for years. You planted yourself upon me in a false name. I have not paid you wages regu
<lb/>larly week after week. I think at Bedford Park, when the house-keeper had rheumatic fever, I did give you 5s. a week.</p>
<p>To the Recorder. I never owed him a penny piece, I helped him as far as I could. As to whether he had any medical knowledge, he told me he had been a dispenser, and I think he knows something about chemistry. I think he had been in the Army as what they call a loblolliboy, but he did no dispensing for me.</p>
<p>(Thursday, January 13.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-80" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-80" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-80" type="surname" value="NEWNE"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-80" type="given" value="ADA ROSINA"/>ADA ROSINA NEWNE</persName> </hi>, 10, Ravenscourt Mansions, housekeeper to Dr. Edlin. I have known prisoner since he was a boy. I introduced him to Dr. Edlin. On January 2, 1909, prisoner went out about ten o'clock and returned about one o'clock. He went out again in the evening. Before going he asked where the doctor was, and I told him in the study. Prisoner told me not to disturb the doctor, and came to the kitchen and gave me one sovereign. Prisoner said it was because I had been a good friend to him, but that I need not tell the doctor. Prisoner said a gentleman had lent him £3, and was going to give him employment. I did not know Dr. Edlin had a deposit book in his secretaire, which was not locked. My daughter and niece live in the flat with me. My daughter is 10 years old and my niece is 11. I introduced prisoner in the name of Essex.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. I do not remember Dr. Edlin coming to you with a receipt and saying, "I am your lodger and you are my landlord." I heard Dr. Edlin say, "You are the landlord," but he laughed when he said it. I did not hear Dr. Edlin say you could use his name if anything was required for the flat. I did not say to Dr. Edlin, "You cannot give him everything, some of the furniture is mine," and some of the furniture was mine. (The Recorder stopped the cross-examination as it had no bearing on the issue.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-81" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-81" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-81" type="surname" value="WESTLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-81" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR WESTLEY</persName> </hi>, counter clerk at Hammersmith Broad-way Branch Office. On January 2, 1909, a man produced a deposit book and asked for a withdrawal by telegram of £10. The account was in the name of Dr. E. H. Edlin. The withdrawal form</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191001110019"/>
<p>was signed Edward H. Edlin. I dispatched a telegram to the Cen
<lb/>tral Telegraph Office, addressed to the Savings Bank Department.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-82" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-82" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-82" type="surname" value="WALKER"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-82" type="given" value="GEORGE HENRY"/>GEORGE HENRY WALKER</persName> </hi>, counter clerk at Hammersmith Broad-way Branch Post Office. On January 2, 1909, a man produced a deposit book to me. I made an entry in the book. I filled up Ex
<lb/>hibit 4, which is the receipt for £10. The signatures on the receipt and on the deposit book appeared to agree. I paid the man £10 and returned the book to him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-83" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-83" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-83" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-83" type="given" value="EDITH"/>EDITH EVANS</persName> </hi>. I was in the employ of the Post Office in January, 1909, at the High Street Town Sub-Post Office, Ryde. On January 7 a man came about five p.m. and handed me a deposit book, and gave me Exhibit 5, filled up, signed Edward Halburton Edlin. I gave him £1. Before paying him I compared the signatures on the form and on the book, I retained the book. The man addressed an envelope for the book to be returned to him. I sent the book to the G.P.O.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS TAYLOR</hi>. On November 16, 1909, I saw the prisoner detained at Torquay Police Station, and charged him with stealing Dr. Edlin's bank book. He said, "Yes, and further charges to follow, I suppose?" I brought him to London by train. On the way he said, "I have written to Dr. Edlin; he left me in charge of the flat; in fact, he handed it over to me and author
<lb/>ised me to use his name." The police at Torquay handed me Ex
<lb/>hibit 1, which I showed to prisoner at the West London Police Court on November 17. He said, "That was the letter I sent to Dr. Edlin."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-84" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-84" type="surname" value="SHINNER"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-84" type="given" value="JOHN HILL"/>JOHN HILL SHINNER</persName> </hi>, clerk in the Investigation Branch, General Post Office. The signatures on Exhibits 3, 4, 5, and 6 appear to have been written by the individual who wrote the letter to Dr. Edlin (Exhibit 1). The signatures are a good imitation in point of for
<lb/>mation of the letters, but not as regards the style of writing.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-85" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-85" type="surname" value="STOWELL"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-85" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN A. STOWELL</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath). I looked after the flat at Dr. Edlin's request. He showed me a receipt for £3 in the name of Essex, and said, "You are the landlord, and I am only the lodger. If they come for the furniture they cannot have it, because everything in the flat is yours. I give you sole authority to do any
<lb/>thing you like in the flat." Dr. Edlin owed me over £12, and I withdrew £11. I wanted what was due to me, and I consider I was quite justified in doing what I did. This is a vindictive pro
<rs id="t19100111-20-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-20-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-20-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Convictions proved: June 17, 1905, forgery, Oxford Assizes, sen
<lb/>tence, five years' penal servitude and three years for false pretences, to run concurrently; June 25, 1898, stealing a bicycle, 5 years; Janu
<lb/>ary 6, 1908, one month at Colchester, stealing a watch and chain; in 1887, six months at the Oxford Assizes for forgery and embezzle meat; six months in 1894; three months at Lambeth in 1895, for</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191001110020"/>
<p>stealing a bicycle, and 12 months at Aldershot for false enlistment; on January 5, 1908, one day at the Essex Quarter Sessions for attempted suicide. Prisoner also failed to report on February 28, 1908.</p>
<rs id="t19100111-20-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-20-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-20-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-19100111 t19100111-20-punishment-29"/>Five years' penal servitude</rs>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, January 12.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100111-21">
<interp inst="t19100111-21" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100111"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-21" type="date" value="19100111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100111-21-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-19100111 t19100111-21-offence-1 t19100111-21-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-21-19100111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-21-19100111" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19100111" type="age" value="50"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19100111" type="surname" value="SHAW"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19100111" type="given" value="JESSIE"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19100111" type="occupation" value="no occupation"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SHAW</hi>, Jessie (50, no occupation)</persName>
<rs id="t19100111-21-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-21-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-21-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>; uttering counterfeit coin; ob
<lb/>taining by false pretences from
<persName id="t19100111-name-87" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-87" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-87" type="surname" value="CRIST"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-87" type="given" value="EMMA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-21-offence-1 t19100111-name-87"/>Emma Crist</persName> 1s., with intent to de
<lb/>fraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Pickersgill prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-88" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-88" type="surname" value="HOBDAY"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-88" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH HOBDAY</persName> </hi>, barman, "Bromley Arms," 84, Cleveland Street, W. On December 3, between 5 and 6 p.m., prisoner called for a glass of beer, and presented a shilling which I found to be bad. She dis
<lb/>puted that it was bad. I asked her where she had got it from, as she might get into trouble. She said she had got it from a baker's shop in Clipstone Street. I returned the coin, and she left after drinking the ale, saying she would pay for it later on. Two or three days afterwards she returned. She said she had been to the baker's and bought bread, etc., with a two-shilling piece, receiving the bad shil
<lb/>ling in change. She then paid for the glass of ale.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-89" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-89" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-89" type="surname" value="ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-89" type="given" value="MAUD"/>MAUD ALLEN</persName> </hi>, 22, Clipstone Street, tobacconist and newsagent. I have known prisoner as a customer and as living in the neighbour
<lb/>hood On December 3, between 5 and 5.30 p.m., I was standing out
<lb/>side my shop when prisoner came up with two children, and said she had been to a baker's shop, changed a two-shilling piece, received a bad shilling in change, had gone back with it, and they had given her another bad shilling, which they would not change at a public house, and she was going to try next door ("The Fitzroy Arms") and see if they would change it.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I do not know where the prisoner lives. Plan produced fairly represents the position of Cleveland and Clipstone Streets.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-90" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-90" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-90" type="surname" value="SELFE"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-90" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR SELFE</persName> </hi>, barman, "Fitzroy Arms," Clipstone Street. I know prisoner as a customer. On December 3, between 5.30 and 6 p.m., she called for a glass of beer, 1d., and tendered a shilling, which I found to be bad. I told her, and she said, "It is very funny, it is the second one I have had to-day." I asked where she had got it from, and she said from a baker's shop opposite. I called my em
<lb/>ployer's attention to it, and he advised her to take it back to the baker's. She went out, and I saw her go across to the baker's. She did not pay for the beer, but called a day or two afterwards and paid for it.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I watched prisoner through the window go to the baker's.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191001110021"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-91" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-91" type="surname" value="PRIOR"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-91" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN PRIOR</persName> </hi>, licensee, "Fitzroy Arms." On December 3, between 5 and 5.30, Selfe handed me a bad shilling, which he said prisoner had tendered, and which she said had been given to her by Mrs. Crist, the baker. She said, "This is the second one she has given me." I advised her to go back with it, and saw her cross the street to the baker's shop.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-92" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-92" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-92" type="surname" value="CRIST"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-92" type="given" value="EMMA"/>EMMA CRIST</persName> </hi>, wife of Joseph Crist, 26, Clipstone Street, baker. On December 3, a little after 3 p.m., prisoner came into my shop, bought, two halfpenny loaves and a halfpennyworth of bread, gave me a two-shilling piece, and I gave her 1s. 10 1/2 d. change. About 5.30 p.m. she returned and said, "This afternoon you gave me a bad shilling in my change." I said I did not think so, but she insisted that I had done so, and I gave her another shilling, receiving the bad shilling (pro
<lb/>duced), which I put on the back of the counter, and afterwards handed it to a police-constable. My husband was present, and saw the second shilling that I gave her. Seven or eight minutes after-wards she came back and said that the second shilling was bad, and that she wanted another one for it. I said I was sure that I had given her a good one on the second occasion, and refused to give her another; we had an altercation, I threatened to send for a policeman if she did not go out of the shop. She refused to go, and my hus
<lb/>band fetched a policeman. I knew prisoner as an occasional cus
<lb/>tomer for penny and halfpenny loaves.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-93" type="surname" value="CRIST"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-93" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH CRIST</persName> </hi>, 26, Clipstone Street, baker. On December 3, be
<lb/>tween 5 and 6 p.m., prisoner came into my shop with a bad shilling, which she said my wife had given her in change of a two-shilling piece. My wife denied it, but as the prisoner insisted that we had given her the bad shilling my wife gave her a good one, which I saw, and which I am certain was good. The prisoner then left. About seven or eight minutes afterwards she returned and said that my wife had given her another bad shilling, handing the discoloured coin (pro
<lb/>duced), which was given to the constable. My wife and I both denied that the second shilling given to the prisoner was bad. I ulti
<lb/>mately fetched a policeman.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK HEWITT</hi>, 364 D. On December 3, at 6.22 p.m., I was called to the baker's shop, 27, Clipstone Street. Mrs. Crist said that the prisoner, at about 2.30 that afternoon, had paid a two-shilling-piece for some bread and received 1s. 10 1/2 d. in change; that some time afterwards she had returned, said that she had received a bad shilling, and had received a good one from Mrs. Crist; that shortly after she had come back and said that the second shilling was bad. I arrested her, and she said, "You cannot take me for this. I did not notice it was bad until my husband pointed it out to me. The second shilling I received in exchange was a bad one."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-94" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-94" type="given" value="WILLIAM JNO"/>WILLIAM JNO. WEBSTER</persName> </hi>, Inspector of Coins, H. M. Mint. The two coins produced are counterfeit shillings from different moulds.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191001110022"/>
<p>The Common Serjeant. What is the case here? Where do you say there is any putting off of a bad coin as a good one?</p>
<p>Mr. Pickersgill submitted that there was sufficient evidence of felonious uttering. (Cited Russell on Crimes; Archbold; R. v. Franks, 2 Leach, 736.)</p>
<p>The Common Serjeant decided to leave the case to the jury.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-95" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-95" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-95" type="surname" value="SHAW"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-95" type="given" value="JESSIE"/>JESSIE SHAW</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). On December 3, a Friday after-noon, my husband gave me a two shilling piece, which was all the money we had. I bought bread for 1 1/2 d. at Crist's and received a shilling and 10 1/2 d. in coppers. I then spent 3d. at a milk shop, took it home and put the coppers on the mantelpiece. I afterwards went to the "Bromley Arms" and asked for a half pint of beer, tendered the shilling, and was told by Hobday it was bad. I said, "I know where I got it from; I will take it straight back to Mrs. Crist," which I did, and she willingly changed it. I then went to the "Fitzroy Arms." across the road, and asked for a glass of ale, when I was told that the second shilling was bad. I went straight across to Mrs. Crist, when she denied that she had given me the second bad shilling. I Had no more money on me or at home and I was quite certain she had given it me. I do not say she gave it me know
<lb/>ing it was bad. We had an altercation and Mr. Crist went for the police.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. What Maud Allen has said is false. I never spoke to her. I did not see her at the shop door. I had my two children with me. I did not go to the milk shop with the shilling. I went to the "Bromley Arms" and tendered the first bad shilling and did not pay for the ale because I had no other money on me. I did not go back to the "Bromley Arms" the second time because the "Fitzroy" was directly opposite the baker's. At the "Bromley Arms" they knew me as a customer; I live next door.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ERIC BERNARD RAY</hi>, assistant curate, All Souls', Langham Place, stated that he had known the prisoner and her husband for four years and that she had borne an honest character during that time.</p>
<p>Prisoner stated that her husband was a hard-working and respectable man, that she had six children, and that she was absolutely innocent of the charge.</p>
<rs id="t19100111-21-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-21-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-21-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100111-22">
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<interp inst="t19100111-22" type="date" value="19100111"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100111-22-charge-5" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-22-19100111 t19100111-22-offence-1 t19100111-22-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100111-22-charge-6" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-22-19100111 t19100111-22-offence-2 t19100111-22-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100111-22-charge-7" targOrder="Y" targets="def4-22-19100111 t19100111-22-offence-1 t19100111-22-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100111-22-charge-8" targOrder="Y" targets="def4-22-19100111 t19100111-22-offence-2 t19100111-22-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-22-19100111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-22-19100111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19100111" type="age" value="65"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19100111" type="surname" value="REED"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19100111" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19100111" type="occupation" value="foreman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">REED</hi>, Joseph (65, foreman)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-22-19100111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-22-19100111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-22-19100111" type="age" value="46"/>
<interp inst="def2-22-19100111" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="def2-22-19100111" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<interp inst="def2-22-19100111" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMPSON</hi>, Albert (46, labourer)</persName>,
<persName id="def3-22-19100111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-22-19100111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-22-19100111" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def3-22-19100111" type="surname" value="SARGEANT"/>
<interp inst="def3-22-19100111" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def3-22-19100111" type="occupation" value="carman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SARGEANT</hi>, William (40, carman)</persName>, and
<persName id="def4-22-19100111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def4-22-19100111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def4-22-19100111" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def4-22-19100111" type="surname" value="CANTOR"/>
<interp inst="def4-22-19100111" type="given" value="HENRY WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def4-22-19100111" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CANTOR</hi>, Henry William (38, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19100111-22-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-22-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-22-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, all stealing on
<rs id="t19100111-cd-1" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-22-offence-1 t19100111-cd-1"/>October 22, 1909</rs>, a load of timber</rs>,
<rs id="t19100111-22-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-22-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-22-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>on
<rs id="t19100111-cd-2" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-22-offence-2 t19100111-cd-2"/>November 9, 1909</rs>, a load of timber, the goods of
<persName id="t19100111-name-100" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-100" type="surname" value="GROVER"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-100" type="given" value="BENJAMIN JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-22-offence-2 t19100111-name-100"/>Benjamin John Grover</persName> and another, the masters of the said Reed, Thompson, and Sargeant; feloniously receiving the said goods well knowing them to have been stolen; on
<rs id="t19100111-cd-3" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-22-offence-2 t19100111-cd-3"/>October 22, 1909</rs>, and divers other dates between that day and
<rs id="t19100111-cd-4" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-22-offence-2 t19100111-cd-4"/>November 9, 1909</rs>, conspiring and agreeing together to commit the said offences</rs>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191001110023"/>
<p>Mr. Travers Humphreys prosecuted; Mr. Forrest Fulton appeared for Reed.</p>
<p>Thompson, Sargeant, and Cantor
<rs id="t19100111-22-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-22-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-22-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty to both charges</rs>. Reed
<rs id="t19100111-22-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-22-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-22-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>pleaded guilty of stealing and receiving on November 9</rs>.</p>
<p>Sentences, Reed,
<rs id="t19100111-22-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-22-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-22-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-19100111 t19100111-22-punishment-30"/>15 months' hard labour</rs>; Thompson,
<rs id="t19100111-22-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-22-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-22-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-22-19100111 t19100111-22-punishment-31"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>; Sargeant,
<rs id="t19100111-22-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-22-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-22-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-22-19100111 t19100111-22-punishment-32"/>Nine months' hard labour</rs>; Cantor,
<rs id="t19100111-22-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-22-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-22-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def4-22-19100111 t19100111-22-punishment-33"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100111-23">
<interp inst="t19100111-23" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100111"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-23" type="date" value="19100111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100111-23-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-19100111 t19100111-23-offence-1 t19100111-23-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-23-19100111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-23-19100111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19100111" type="age" value="52"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19100111" type="surname" value="MULLINS"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19100111" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19100111" type="occupation" value="bricklayer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MULLINS</hi>, Joseph (52, bricklayer)</persName>
<rs id="t19100111-23-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-23-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-23-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, robbery with violence upon
<persName id="t19100111-name-102" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-102" type="surname" value="COHEN"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-102" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-102" type="occupation" value="baker"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-23-offence-1 t19100111-name-102"/>John Cohen</persName> and stealing from him 2s., his moneys.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Ernest Walsh prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-103" type="surname" value="COHEN"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-103" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN COHEN</persName> </hi>, 115, Jubilee Street, Mile End, baker. On November 30, just after midnight, I went with a young woman to 24, White's Row, paid another woman 1s. 3d. for the room and the woman I was with 2s., and we went into the second floor back room. After I had been in two or three minutes prisoner came in and asked me what I was doing there. I told him I came with this young woman. Prisoner seized me by the scarf round my neck and twisted it until I could not breathe, put his hand in my pocket and took my money, which was about 2s. The young woman meanwhile ran out of the room. I ran down the stairs and spoke to a constable. We then went to the station and the inspector sent a sergeant with me, who arrested prisoner.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner did not tell me to be off and push me out of the room—he simply got hold of me by the scarf and took my money.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WOODWARD</hi>. On November 30, at 1.30 a.m., I received a communication from the prosecutor and went to 24, White's Row, where in the back room on the second floor I found the prisoner with a woman he is living with. I told prisoner that the prosecutor complained of having been assaulted and two shillings taken from his overcoat pocket. Prisoner said, "The man Cohen does not know what he is talking about—it is a wrong charge." The prisoner and prosecutor were both sober.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-104" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-104" type="surname" value="MULLINS"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-104" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH MULLINS</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). On the night in question, on returning to my room, I found the prosecutor and a strange woman there. I was surprised to see him there and said, "What are you doing here?" He said he had come with the woman for a certain purpose. I said, "Get out of this; you have no right here." The house where I live is a tenement house with 16 rooms, and the street door is always open so that anyone can come in. Prosecutor would not go out, so I got hold of him by the neckerchief and pulled him out of the room. About three-quarters of an hour afterwards he returned with the police-sergeant and said that I had taken a two-shilling piece from him. The sergeant said, "Well, what have you to say to this?" I said, "I cannot understand what he is talking about." The sergeant asked me to accompany him to the station, and I said "Cer
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191001110024"/>
<p>and went with him, and after waiting 20 minutes or half an hour at the station I was charged with assault and robbery.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I went home about 12.40 a.m., just after the public-houses closed—I had been drinking with some friends. Prose
<lb/>cutor did not say he had given the woman 2s. or that he had paid 1s. 3d. for the room—I knew nothing about it. I had never seen the young woman or the prosecutor in my life before. I went out to look for the woman I was living with—she had not come home. I am a bricklayer by trade, but my trade is bad and I work as a dock labourer; I have had employment at the Hermitage, Dundee, and America wharves and at other places in Thames Street.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WOODWARD</hi> recalled. I had to get the caretaker to open the door of the house. Prisoner's room was locked and he opened the door. I have seen the prisoner and the woman I found with him together.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-105" type="surname" value="COHEN"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-105" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN COHEN</persName> </hi> recalled. When I went to the house there was a woman standing downstairs, and the young woman I was with asked her, "Is it all right upstairs." She said "Yes" and opened the door and let us in.</p>
<rs id="t19100111-23-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-23-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-23-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Prisoner confessed to having been convicted at Clerkenwell on April 4, 1893, receiving three years' penal servitude for stealing money. Other convictions proved: April 16, 1869, 10 days and five years in a reformatory for stealing; April 27, 1874, one month for stealing; June 7, 1875, at this Court, seven years' penal servitude and five years' police supervision, watch stealing; July 26, 1886, Middlesex Sessions, 12 months for receiving; January 9, 1888, at this Court, five years' penal servitude possession of house-breaking implements; April 7, 1896, three years' penal servitude for possession of house-breaking implements. Released July 15, 1898, since which date prisoner had had no conviction for 11 1/2 years. He was stated to have obtained work.</p>
<rs id="t19100111-23-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-23-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-23-punishment-34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-19100111 t19100111-23-punishment-34"/>20 months' hard labour</rs>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUDGE LUMLEY SMITH</hi>.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, January 12.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100111-24">
<interp inst="t19100111-24" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100111"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-24" type="date" value="19100111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100111-24-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-24-19100111 t19100111-24-offence-1 t19100111-24-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-24-19100111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-24-19100111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19100111" type="age" value="48"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19100111" type="surname" value="IRONS"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19100111" type="given" value="JAMES PROVAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19100111" type="occupation" value="commission agent"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">IRONS</hi>, James Provan (48, commission agent)</persName>
<rs id="t19100111-24-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-24-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-24-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bankrupcy"/>, being an undis
<lb/>charged bankrupt, unlawfully obtaining credit to the extent of upwards of £20, to wit, £720 8s. 11d. from
<persName id="t19100111-name-107" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-107" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-24-offence-1 t19100111-name-107"/>Berlandina Brothers, Limited</persName>, and
<persName id="t19100111-name-108" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-108" type="surname" value="CRUICKSHANK"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-108" type="given" value="GEORGE PATRICK WILLIAM JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-24-offence-1 t19100111-name-108"/>George Patrick William John Cruickshank</persName>, and £378 2s. 9d. from
<persName id="t19100111-name-109" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-109" type="surname" value="HALLE"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-109" type="given" value="WILLIAM TULLOCK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-24-offence-1 t19100111-name-109"/>William Tullock Halle</persName>, without informing the said persons that he was then an undischarged bankrupt.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Leycester prosecuted; Mr. Forrest Fulton defended.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-110" type="surname" value="BOYLE"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-110" type="given" value="GEORGE INGLIS"/>GEORGE INGLIS BOYLE</persName> </hi>, an official of the London Bankruptcy Court, produced the file in the bankruptcy of James Provan Irons in 1895.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191001110025"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-111" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-111" type="surname" value="BENSTEAD"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-111" type="given" value="WILLIAM GEORGE"/>WILLIAM GEORGE BENSTEAD</persName> </hi>, Examiner in the Official Receiver's De
<lb/>partment, Bankruptcy Buildings. I examined prisoner in his bank
<lb/>ruptcy in 1895. I cannot identify him as the person I examined at that time, but I identify him as the person I examined in his bank
<lb/>ruptcy in 1909. His liabilities in 1895 amounted to £1, 892 13s. 11d., and assets nil. In the latter examination he admitted the previous bankruptcy, and stated that a receiving order was made on August 23, Prisoner has never been discharged from that bankruptcy. He was made bankrupt in 1909 on the petition of Berlandina Brothers, Limited, dated January 28, 1909. The receiving order is dated February 19, and he was adjudicated bankrupt on April 16, the statement of affairs was sworn on April 21, and amongst the unsecured creditors, Messrs. Berlandina Brothers appear for £720 8s. 11d. for differences on turpentine. The name of William Tullock Halle appears as an unsecured creditor for £372 2s. 9d. for differences on stocks.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The examination was not taken upon oath. The questions put to the prisoner were formal questions from a printed form.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-112" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-112" type="surname" value="BERLANDINA"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-112" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR BERLANDINA</persName> </hi>. In 1907 I was secretary of the firm of Ber
<lb/>landina Brothers, Limited, carrying on business in Trinity Square, London. On November 9 in that year I introduced prisoner to the firm. He never at any time informed me that he was an undischarged bankrupt.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I never suggested to the prisoner that he should speculate in oil. The understanding between us was that Berlandina Brothers were to carry out his orders as brokers. Oil would have to be delivered each month, but before the time of delivery the firm would buy back from him the oil he had previously purchased from them. If the market went up he would make a profit, but if it went down he would lose.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-113" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-113" type="surname" value="CRUICKSHANK"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-113" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE P. W. J. CRUICKSHANK</persName> </hi>, director of Berlandina Brothers, Limited, commission merchants and brokers. I identify Exhibit 1 as the first order I received from prisoner. In accordance with that order I sold him 400 barrels of turpentine between January and April, No turpentine was ever delivered, either by me to him or by him to the company. The result of the transactions up to July 24 was that there was due from prisoner to my company £105 12s. 4d., for which he gave me a cheque, produced, which was returned, marked "Refer to drawer." Prisoner afterwards sent a cheque for £50 on account of that transaction, which was honored, but I have received" no further payment from him. We had various other transactions and by December prisoner owed my company altogether for losses £770 8s. 11d., the only payment received being the cheque for £50. My company presented a bankruptcy petition against him. He never informed me that he was an undischarged bankrupt.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The transactions between us were a speculation in differences. The understanding was that my company was to buy back the oil from prisoner. We did not always sell to him at the price we bought. When prisoner instructed me to buy turpentine I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191001110026"/>
<p>did, in fact, buy it, and when he instructed me to sell, I sold, and was liable to other persons upon each transaction.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-114" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-114" type="surname" value="HALLE"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-114" type="given" value="WILLIAM TULLOCK"/>WILLIAM TULLOCK HALLE</persName> </hi>, a member of the London Stock Exchange, carrying on business in Warnford Court under the name of James Turnbull and Co. About the end of 1907 I became acquainted with prisoner, who introduced business to me on half-commission. After-wards he did business with me himself. The first transaction resulted in a loss to prisoner of £129 11s. 6d., which he paid. Further transac
<lb/>tions resulted in losses, amounting to £123 1s. 7d., which were paid. In October, 1908, there was a transaction which resulted in a gain of £17 3s. 7d. to the prisoner, which I paid. For the account day on October 11 prisoner owed me a difference of £153 13s. 8d. I was personally liable for that amount. I carried it forward at his request. By February, 1909, the amount due to me had increased to £378 2s. 9d., when I closed the account. He has never paid me that sum, and I have had to pay it to the persons I dealt with. Prisoner never informed me he was an undischarged bankrupt, nor was I aware of the fact.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I knew prisoner 12 months before I did any business with him. I have always found him strictly honest and straightforward. He told me he had been unfortunate in business when he defaulted, but not before, otherwise I should not have under-taken to do business to any extent with him.</p>
<p>Mr. Forrest Fulton submitted that with regard to the count relating to Berlandina Brothers, there was no case to go to the jury, on the ground that the transaction was void in law, because it was a gaming contract, and no legal credit could arise under it (See 8 and 9 Vic, e. 109, s. 18; Grisewood v. Blane, 11 Common Bench. 526).</p>
<p>Judge Lumley Smith ruled that the point was not a good one, and declined to stop the case.</p>
<rs id="t19100111-24-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-24-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-24-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>After an interval Mr. Forrest Fulton stated that the prisoner, in view of his lordship's ruling, would withdraw his plea of not guilty and plead guilty</rs>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-115" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-115" type="surname" value="WIGGINGTON"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-115" type="given" value="EDWARD JOHN"/>EDWARD JOHN WIGGINGTON</persName> </hi> was called as to character.</p>
<rs id="t19100111-24-punishment-35" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-24-punishment-35" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-24-punishment-35" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-24-19100111 t19100111-24-punishment-35"/>One month's imprisonment</rs>, second division.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100111-25">
<interp inst="t19100111-25" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100111"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-25" type="date" value="19100111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100111-25-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-19100111 t19100111-25-offence-1 t19100111-25-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-25-19100111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-25-19100111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19100111" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19100111" type="surname" value="STAPLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19100111" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">STAPLEY</hi>, Henry (16)</persName>
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<interp inst="t19100111-25-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-25-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19100111-25-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-25-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-25-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="indecentAssault"/>, of indecently assaulting
<persName id="t19100111-name-117" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-117" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-117" type="surname" value="POULDEN"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-117" type="given" value="MABEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-25-offence-1 t19100111-name-117"/>Mabel Poulden</persName>.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19100111-25-punishment-36" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-25-punishment-36" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-25-punishment-36" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-19100111 t19100111-25-punishment-36"/>He was released on his own recognisances to come up for judgment if called upon</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19100111-26" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100111"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-26" type="date" value="19100111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100111-26-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-19100111 t19100111-26-offence-1 t19100111-26-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-26-19100111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-26-19100111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19100111" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19100111" type="surname" value="DEAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19100111" type="given" value="GODFREY"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19100111" type="occupation" value="journalist"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DEAN</hi>, Godfrey (38, journalist)</persName>
<rs id="t19100111-26-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-26-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-26-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19100111-26-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-26-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-26-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="libel"/>, of unlawfully writing and publishing a defamatory libel of and concerning
<persName id="t19100111-name-119" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-119" type="surname" value="GORDON"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-119" type="given" value="EDGAR"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-26-offence-1 t19100111-name-119"/>Edgar Gordon</persName> and
<persName id="t19100111-name-120" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-120" type="surname" value="COUSINS"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-120" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-26-offence-1 t19100111-name-120"/>Walter Cousins</persName>.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19100111-26-punishment-37" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-26-punishment-37" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-26-punishment-37" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-19100111 t19100111-26-punishment-37"/>One month's imprisonment, second division</rs>,
<rs id="t19100111-26-punishment-38" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-26-punishment-38" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-26-punishment-38" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-19100111 t19100111-26-punishment-38"/>and payment towards costs not exceeding £10</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19100111-27" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100111"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-27" type="date" value="19100111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100111-27-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-27-19100111 t19100111-27-offence-1 t19100111-27-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-27-19100111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-27-19100111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19100111" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19100111" type="surname" value="VICKERY"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19100111" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19100111" type="occupation" value="hatmaker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">VICKERY</hi>, Richard (37, hatmaker)</persName>
<rs id="t19100111-27-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-27-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-27-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, stealing nine overcoats, the goods of
<persName id="t19100111-name-122" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-122" type="surname" value="POSNER"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-122" type="given" value="JOSEPH "/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-27-offence-1 t19100111-name-122"/>Joseph Posner</persName>, one overcoat and three jackets, the goods of
<persName id="t19100111-name-123" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-123" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-123" type="given" value="BARNETT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-27-offence-1 t19100111-name-123"/>Barnett Lewis</persName>, and one barrow, the goods of
<persName id="t19100111-name-124" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-124" type="surname" value="CRISP"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-124" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-27-offence-1 t19100111-name-124"/>James Crisp</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Dr. Clement Gatley prosecuted; Mr. C. A. H. Black defended.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191001110027"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-125" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-125" type="surname" value="CRISP"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-125" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES CRISP</persName> </hi>. On December 9 I was carrying the clothing in question on my barrow, and when in Fenchurch Street I asked a boy road-sweeper to mind the barrow while I made a call. On my return the barrow was gone.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-126" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-126" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-126" type="given" value="BARNETT"/>BARNETT LEWIS</persName> </hi> identified part of the stolen clothing and
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOSEPH POSNER</hi> identified the remainder.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES COLLINS</hi>. At 3.30 on December 9 I saw prisoner wheeling the barrow in Eastcheap. His conduct aroused my sus
<lb/>picions, and I followed him over London Bridge into Southwark Street. I stopped him at the end of Blackfriars Bridge Road, and asked him what he had in the barrow. He said at first, "I do not know," but afterwards he told me it was overcoats. I asked where he got them from, and he said Fenchurch Street, but did not know the name of the firm. I said, "Have you any invoice or anything to show that you are entitled to have the goods in your possession." He said, "No." I took him into custody and charged him with stealing and receiving the property; he made no reply.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. He said a man had asked him to push the barrow to Stamford Street and meet him there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-127" type="surname" value="VICKERY"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-127" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD VICKERY</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). About half-past three on December 9 I was in Fenchurch Street, making my way over the water. I was called by a gentleman about two doors from Rood Lane. He asked me if I wanted a job. I said, "Yes, what is it?" He said, "I want you to push that barrow to Stamford Street, and I will give you 1s. 6d. when you get there." I said, "Very good, that's me." I did not know the man. He wore a bowler hat and a dark brown jacket and waistcoat, and had on a gold chain. He appeared a fairly well-to-do man. I did not steal the barrow con
<lb/>taining the goods, nor did I know they had been stolen.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The man did not tell me the number of the house in Stamford Street I was to take the goods to, but he told me to take them a little way up on the right-hand side, and wait there for him I did not know what the barrow contained until I looked inside.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-128" type="surname" value="ANDERSON"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-128" type="given" value="JAMES BENJAMIN"/>JAMES BENJAMIN ANDERSON</persName> </hi>. I am a street orderly boy and am sixteen years old next December. I was in Fenchurch Street on December 9 when witness Crisp asked me to look after the barrow for him. A well-dressed man came up to me and said, "Do you know Mother Marshall, Tommy?" I said, "No, sir." He said, "You do not know Mother Marshall, a lot of you boys working along here know Mother Marshall." I said, "I have only been on here about four times." He then walked away, and when I looked round the barrow was gone.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The man who spoke to me was not the prisoner. Someone must have stolen the barrow while I was talking to the man.</p>
<rs id="t19100111-27-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-27-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-27-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191001110028"/>
<p>Several previous convictions were proved.</p>
<rs id="t19100111-27-punishment-39" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-27-punishment-39" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-27-punishment-39" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-27-19100111 t19100111-27-punishment-39"/>Nine months' hard labour</rs>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MR. JUSTICE RIDLEY</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, January 13.)</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19100111-28" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100111"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-28" type="date" value="19100111"/>
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<persName id="def1-28-19100111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-28-19100111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19100111" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19100111" type="surname" value="ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19100111" type="given" value="HARRY LEONARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19100111" type="occupation" value="manager"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALLEN</hi>, Harry Leonard (23, manager)</persName>
<rs id="t19100111-28-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-28-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-28-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>, manslaughter of
<persName id="t19100111-name-130" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-130" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-130" type="age" value="66"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-130" type="surname" value="REED"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-130" type="given" value="CHRISTOPHER"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-130" type="occupation" value="road man"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-28-offence-1 t19100111-name-130"/>Christo
<lb/>pher Read.</persName> </rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Bodkin and Mr. Roome prosecuted; Mr. G. F. Mortimer de
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-131" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-131" type="surname" value="SHEPHERD"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-131" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM SHEPHERD</persName> </hi>, road foreman to the Hornsey Borough Coun
<lb/>cil. Christopher Read was a road man under me, he was about 66 years old, hale and hearty. He had charge of a section of the Great North Road between Highgate and Finchley. On the night of De
<lb/>cember 19, there was a surface frost on the road, and I went to Read's house and instructed him to grit his section. The road is well lighted.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I do not know whether Read had been at work during the day. The grit used was 3/8 in. grit.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-132" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-132" type="surname" value="CRAWLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-132" type="given" value="PERCY GEORGE"/>PERCY GEORGE CRAWLEY</persName> </hi>, architect, 7 Woodview Gardens, High-gate. On December 19, just after 11 p.m., I was in the Great North Road, walking towards London; I saw Read wheeling a barrow in the road; I passed him. A motor car came to me; it was going very fast, it occurred to me that it was dangerous and that I should not like to be in the car. The road was almost covered with ice; there had been a slight fall of snow or sleet. The motor-car passed me, and passed a tramcar that was going towards London. I heard a shout, and on turning round I saw the motor-car cross the road to-wards my side, sparks were coming from under the wheels; I heard a crash and knew that there had been an accident. I had heard no horn sounded. I saw the body of Read lying on the road, and went to the police station for the ambulance. On returning I made mea
<lb/>surements of the tracks on the road. The motor-car had run into a tree and knocked it down before coming to a stop. From the tree to the place where the car had commenced skidding was 105 ft.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The skidding commenced before the place at which Read was struck; the car had begun to swerve before it reached him. There was no sign of the barrow having been struck.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-133" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-133" type="surname" value="BRAITHWAITE"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-133" type="given" value="WILLIAM JAMES"/>WILLIAM JAMES BRAITHWAITE</persName> </hi>, driver of the tramcar spoken to by Crawley, said the motor-car was travelling at 28 to 30 miles an hour.
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS ARTHUR WILLIAMS</hi>, conductor of the same tramcar, said the motor-car was travelling at a very high rate of speed.
<hi rend="smallCaps">EDGAR ROBINSON</hi>, driver of a tramcar that was going from London to Finch
<lb/>ley and who witnessed the accident, put the speed of the motor-car at 25 miles an hour.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM RAY</hi>, Y Division. On the night of De
<lb/>cember 19 I was cycling along the Great North Road, when I heard</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191001110029"/>
<p>the motor-car behind me; as it got level with me the horn was sounded; the car passed me at about 25 miles an hour, and someone in it booed at me. A little later I went to the place where Read was killed. I found the car facing towards North Hill. (it had turned completely round); it was close to a tree that it had knocked down; one of the hind wheels was smashed; this was the car that had passed me just previously.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Defendant did not seem very much upset. He was not at all under the influence of drink. The coroner's jury brought in a verdict of accidental death. I was in uniform when the car flashed past me; the road is well lit and I could read part of the identification plate.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WM. FARRELL</hi>, 81 Y, said that on going to the place of the accident and seeing that Read was dead, he asked prisoner to accompany him to the station. On the way there prisoner said, "I was driving along and I saw the man, and did my very best to avoid running into him; you can see how I pulled the car across. I did not mind about smashing the car a bit; I did not want to hit him. It is terrible. Do you think he is dead? It is fearful. You see, the road is a sheet of ice."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-134" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-134" type="surname" value="GREGORY"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-134" type="given" value="HENRY LONSDALE"/>HENRY LONSDALE GREGORY</persName> </hi>, M. B. On December 19 I was called to the police-station and there saw the dead body of Read. On Decem
<lb/>ber 21 I made a post-mortem examination. The left thigh was broken, the skull smashed, the neck broken, right ribs broken, and bruises in different parts of the body. I concluded that the car struck the man on the left thigh and buttock and threw him on his head and shoulder.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-135" type="surname" value="ELLIOTT"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-135" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH ELLIOTT</persName> </hi>, of the Public Carriage Office. On December 20 I examined this car. It is a 40-50 h.p. six-cylinder Rolls-Royce, weigh
<lb/>ing (empty) about a ton and a half. The steering gear and brakes were in good condition; the car was badly damaged at the back. It had metal-studded non-skid tyres.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Those tyres would be less effective on a road covered with ice than ordinary rubber tyres.</p>
<p>Re-examined. The skid of 105 feet would indicate that the car was going at a speed which rendered it beyond the driver's control.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-136" type="surname" value="ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-136" type="given" value="HARRY LEONARD"/>HARRY LEONARD ALLEN</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I am 23 years old. I was apprenticed for five years to the Rolls-Royce Company, and was with them for a further two years, latterly as superintendent of the London repair depot. I hold a driver's license; I have driven thousands of miles and have never been in an accident or trouble at all. On the day preceding this accident this car was handed to me to be tested on roads; on that day I could not test it completely, so I took it out on the following day. I started from the depot in Edgware Road. In North Finchley I called upon two friends, Collins and Carslake, and drove them to a skating rink in Holloway Road. Afterwards we went into the "Archway Tavern "; there I had three whiskies and sodas; the drink had no effect at all on my capacity for driving. I then</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191001110030"/>
<p>drove towards Finchley, in order to drop my friends at their home. I remember passing Sergeant Ray; nobody in the motor-car booed at him; we were then travelling at 15 miles an hour. From the fire alarm on to the "Bald-faced Stag "I had a perfectly straight view Coming up the hill from the "Archway Tavern" the road surface was quite wet, and I had not noticed any change up to the time of the accident; I did then notice that the road was very frosty and slippery, and there were pools of ice about. I had not come through any sleet. Crawley is mistaken in saying that there was a shout just before I reached Braithwaite's tramcar; I shouted just as we got beyond that car, as soon as I saw Read. Directly after passing the tramcar I saw Read about 20 or 30 yards from me; I did not see his barrow; he was walking toward me; he made no attempt to get out of the way. Imme
<lb/>diately I shouted out; I touched the horn slightly and then pulled over the steering gear to the right. The wheels of the car seemed to just touch the tram line and then commenced to slide, to curve across the road, and I felt the back of the car hit something; I must have caught the man with the rear splashboard. At the time the car was skidding; I had applied the foot brake, which did not act at all; then the side brake, which acted just a little, not much. The car came to a stand
<lb/>still on knocking down the tree. I at once jumped out and ran to the man Read.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I had not noticed that the road was gravelled. I did not notice that the road was icy and slippery till I applied the brakes. I am positive that I was not going more than 15 miles an hour when passing Ray; when passing Robinson's tram I was going at 18 miles an hour, picking up a bit. I can judge the speed I am going at by the beats of the engine. I am sure that the three drinks I had had did not affect me in the smallest. If Read had moved only two feet to the side I should have passed him safely. I do think that 18 miles was a proper speed under the circumstances.</p>
<p>Re-examined. Collins was sitting beside me; he had his coat over his head; Carslake was sitting behind me; neither saw anything of this occurrence.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-137" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-137" type="given" value="CLAUDE"/>CLAUDE JOHNSON</persName> </hi>, managing director of the Rolls-Royce Company. Defendant has been in our employ five or seven years and bears an excellent character. It was within his duty that he took out this car on December 19. I have had considerable experience of motor-cars. Non-skid tyres are of great use on greasy roads, but of no advantage on an icy road. It is most difficult from a stationary vehicle to judge the pace of a passing car.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. If the driver had knowledge of the state of the road his speed ought to have been less than 18 miles an hour; it would be very difficult for him to have such knowledge.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-138" type="surname" value="BAILLIE"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-138" type="given" value="GRANVILLE HUGH"/>GRANVILLE HUGH BAILLIE</persName> </hi>, engineer, 18, Pelham Place, Kew, was called to say that the fact of the tree being knocked down did not indicate that the car was going at an excessive speed.</p>
<p>Verdict, "
<rs id="t19100111-28-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-28-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-28-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>Guilty; we find that prisoner was driving at a speed which was careless and reckless, and considering the state of the road it amounted to culpable negligence; we recommend him to mercy on account of his age and good character</rs>."</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191001110031"/>
<rs id="t19100111-28-punishment-40" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-28-punishment-40" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-28-punishment-40" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28-19100111 t19100111-28-punishment-40"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFROE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE RECORDER</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, January 13.)</p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">DONOHUE</hi>, David (45, porter)</persName>,
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<interp inst="def2-29-19100111" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def2-29-19100111" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def2-29-19100111" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def2-29-19100111" type="occupation" value="porter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SMITH</hi>, James (42, porter)</persName>,
<persName id="def3-29-19100111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-29-19100111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-29-19100111" type="age" value="39"/>
<interp inst="def3-29-19100111" type="surname" value="BRENNAN"/>
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<interp inst="def3-29-19100111" type="occupation" value="porter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BRENNAN</hi>, Thomas (39, porter)</persName>,
<persName id="def4-29-19100111" type="defendantName">
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<interp inst="def4-29-19100111" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def4-29-19100111" type="surname" value="WILKINSON"/>
<interp inst="def4-29-19100111" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def4-29-19100111" type="occupation" value="stoker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILKINSON</hi>, John (38, stoker)</persName>,
<persName id="def5-29-19100111" type="defendantName">
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<interp inst="def5-29-19100111" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def5-29-19100111" type="surname" value="OWENS"/>
<interp inst="def5-29-19100111" type="given" value="HUGH"/>
<interp inst="def5-29-19100111" type="occupation" value="tinsmith"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OWENS</hi>, Hugh (37, tinsmith)</persName>,
<persName id="def6-29-19100111" type="defendantName">
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<interp inst="def6-29-19100111" type="surname" value="ALDOUS"/>
<interp inst="def6-29-19100111" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def6-29-19100111" type="occupation" value="dealer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALDOUS</hi>, George (28, dealer)</persName>, and
<persName id="def7-29-19100111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def7-29-19100111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def7-29-19100111" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def7-29-19100111" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def7-29-19100111" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def7-29-19100111" type="occupation" value="barman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BROWN</hi>, John (25, barman)</persName>, were indicted for
<rs id="t19100111-29-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-29-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-29-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> breaking and entering the shop of
<persName id="t19100111-name-146" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-146" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-146" type="given" value="DAVID"/>
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-29-offence-1 t19100111-name-146"/>David White</persName> and stealing therein one iron safe, the sum of £161 12s. 9d., postage stamps to the face value of £324 3s. 5d., and postal orders for £896 1s. 6d., the goods and moneys of the
<persName id="t19100111-name-147" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-147" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-29-offence-1 t19100111-name-147"/>Postmaster-General</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Forster Boulton and Mr. Harvard Pierson prosecuted; Mr. Burnie and Mr. St. John Macdonald defended Aldous and Brown.</p>
<rs id="t19100111-29-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-29-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="miscVerdict"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-29-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="postponed"/>Owing to the illness of Wilkinson the Recorder postponed his trial till the next Sessions, after having heard the evidence of the medical officer from Brixton Prison</rs>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-148" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-148" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID WHITE</persName> </hi>, sub-postmaster,. 84, Goswell Road. I left my premises at half-past two on December 6 locked up. The safe was in the office. I returned home. I was fetched by the police about 20 minutes past 12 and found the front door burst open. Goswell Road is a main thoroughfare. At half-past three next morning I saw the safe at a house in Rosebery Avenue.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The safe was damaged, but had not been opened.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-149" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-149" type="surname" value="MORTON"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-149" type="given" value="MAUD"/>MAUD MORTON</persName> </hi>, assistant to last witness. I locked up the premises at 10 minutes past nine on December 8. Everything was locked up and secure when I left.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DICKINSON</hi>, 96 K. On December 8 I examined the premises, 84, Goswell Road, at 25 minutes past 10, and found the door open. The padlock was broken and the bar taken down. I produce the bar. I know the premises well and had been there every night that month.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES LAING</hi>. On December 9 I went to 84, Gos
<lb/>well Road and saw David White, who made a complaint to me. I then went to 79, Rosebery Avenue and examined the steps; they had recently been chipped. The front was in darkness. I went down a mews to the rear and saw a light in the back parlour. I could hear a tapping noise coming from the room. I saw a safe in the room. I was standing in a high position and looked down into the room. I saw all the prisoners busily engaged trying to force open the safe. I was joined by Sergeant Leach, who went to get assistance. We arranged for a knock to be made at the front door. The men came out to the back door. Leach and I jumped into the yard. The pri
<lb/>soners rushed back into the house; I followed and found Brennan,</p>
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<p>Wilkinson, and a man named Frank Stanley in the room where the safe was. Leach went upstairs and pushed Smith downstairs. I hit Brennan in the jaw. Two men (Brown and Owens) came out of the front parlour and made a rush for the street. Leach brought Donohue and Aldous downstairs and I put them all in the back parlour. I told them I should take them all to the station for being concerned in stealing a safe and breaking into the shop in the Goswell Road. At nine p.m. on December 22 I saw Brown in the "Golden Lion" public-house, King's Cross Road I took him into custody. He said, "I know nothing about it; speak the truth, Jerry, you know you did not see me in the room." I had seen him trying to force the safe open. I have known Brown eight or 10 years. I produce a quantity of tools which were lying on and around the safe.</p>
<p>To Donohue. There was nothing on the window except a little curtain.</p>
<p>To Smith. I took the man oh the first floor into custody to satisfy ourselves he was not concerned in breaking open the safe.</p>
<p>To Brennan. You were in the room when I punched you in the jaw.</p>
<p>To Owens. The front parlour door is 2 1/2 yards from the street door. I saw you sideways. You were not in the mews.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Burnie. Stanley was charged before the magistrate. Aldous occupies the house. Stanley said in the presence of Aldous that he had been there with a woman; she had gone before I got there. I got on the wall with Leach. I had been on the wall before. I may not have said so at the police-court. The wall is about 14 ft. from the window. I was on the wall with Leach about 15 minutes, watching to get a good look at the prisoners. Shortly after I heard the tapping Leach joined me. I did not recognise all the prisoners; I was looking to see what was being done. I saw all the soners and Wilkinson in the room. There was a bedstead undone against the wall. There was not much room. They were drinking beer out of cans. There was a gaslight with an incandescent mantle. I pushed Brennan back into the room just after Owens and Brown ran out: they came out very quickly and did not stand to let me look at them.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I had an unobstructed view of the window from the wall.</p>
<p>To the Jury. The back window is 6 ft. from the ground. The wall I was on is 10 ft. high. Prisoners might have got out of the window.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CHARLES LEACH</hi>. On December 9 I saw Sergeant Laing and examined the steps of 79, Rosebery Avenue; they showed signs of being recently chipped. There was no light in the front. I saw a light in the rear; I got up on a wall and looked in. There was nothing to prevent people seeing in except a small piece of curtain I noticed a safe in the centre of the room and saw all the prisoners there. I identify six of them. Wilkinson was also there and a man named Stanley, who was discharged at the police-court. I knew Aldous, Brown, and Brennan by name; I knew Owens by sight. I left Laing and obtained the assistance of three constables. The uni
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191001110033"/>
<p>men knocked on the door with the knocker. I saw prisoners rush out of the room to the back. They noticed us and rushed back into the house. I ran into the house. Laing shouted that some of them had run upstairs. I noticed Brennan, Wilkinson, and another man in the room. I ran upstairs and found Smith. He struggled; I got him downstairs and handed him to Laing. I went upstairs again and found prisoner Donohue lying on the bed fully dressed. We had a struggle. I got him downstairs and handed him over to Laing. I went upstairs again and found a man under the bed. I said, "Come out of there." He took no notice, so I dragged him from under the bed. He was prisoner Aldous. His coat was off and he said, "I was in bed, having a sleep." I said, "You will have to come with me." He said, "Not me." I got him downstairs and he was placed with the others. He had no coat on; I found it lying on the floor of the room. I went upstairs again and found another man, the Italian, who was released. The prisoners were subsequently taken to the station, except Brown, who got away.</p>
<p>To Donohue. There was one bed where I found you. It was very much disarranged.</p>
<p>To Smith. At the police court I did say you struggled. I also said I could not identify Stanley. I made a mistake in saying Stanley was one of them. I do not remember a uniformed officer being in the yard.</p>
<p>To Brennan. I do not complain of you hurting me.</p>
<p>To Owens. There is an outhouse at the back of the mews which I stood on.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Burnie. I counted the men in the room. I said in chief I was not sure whether it was Stanley. I say now it was not Stanley. I could not have made a mistake about the other men. I was kneeling on the wall. Laing was also kneeling. The wall is 8 to 10 feet high. I have not measured the height of the window; it is about 10 or 12 feet. The actual measurements have been taken. The back room was about nine feet square.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HENRY ROOT</hi>, 226 G. About two o'clock in the morning of December 9 I was called to 79, Rosebery Avenue, and recognised Owens rushing out of the front door. I chased him and caught him. There was another man I did not know. He said he was down the mews with a woman. I took him to King's Cross Road Station.</p>
<p>To Owens. I marked you and caught you. I did not see a man come out of the window.</p>
<p>To the Judge. There is a turning next to the house which leads to he mews. I am sure Owens came out of the doorway.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM BURNHAM</hi>, G Division About a quarter to one on December 9 I received information of the robbery and sent instructions to Laing by telephone. I live at Richmond. On December 22, about 9.30 in the evening, I saw Brown at the station and told him the charge. He said, "I am not going to plead guilty." We took him in a cab to the City Road Police Station. On the way he said, "If I had been wanted for this I should want to know why Cleary did not pinch me when he saw me in the 'Bull and Ram'; he</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191001110034"/>
<p>knows me well." At the station I said, "That is the safe you are charged with stealing." He said, "It looks a formidable beast." He afterwards said, "Am I going to be put up for identification?" I said, "No, Sergeants Laing and Leach say they saw you in the room with the safe at 79, Rosebery Avenue, and it would be a farce to put you up for identification." When charged subsequently Brown said "All right." Brown also said, "Jerry did not see me in the room Of course, Leach will agree with him. "Sergeant Laing is known as "Jerry" among a certain class.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Burnie. I do not suggest by saying "All right" Brown meant to admit the charge.</p>
<p>To the Judge. He denied his identity.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-150" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-150" type="surname" value="ALDOUS"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-150" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE ALDOUS</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I occupy 79, Rosebery Avenue, with my wife and let rooms out. On December 8 a foreigner was living there with his wife. They occupied the top floor front. The back parlour was empty. At 10 o'clock in the morning a man came to the door and asked for a room. I showed him the back room. He asked how much the rent was, and I said halt a crown a week. He asked when he could move in, and I said when he liked. He left one shilling deposit and the name of Roberts. He said he would move in about 10 o'clock that night. I told my wife about it. About 8 o'clock in the evening I went for a walk down King's Cross and met a friend. I do not know his name. We visited several public-houses. I left him and came to Rosebery Avenue. I went into the public-house on the corner about five minutes to eleven. When I got home my wife said, "They have moved in the back parlour." I said, "That is all right." I think my wife is here. She was expecting to be con
<lb/>fined every minute. She said I would have to sit up in case she wanted the doctor. I said, "All right, I must sit up." About 25 minutes past 11 a knock came at the door and I found a young woman named Helen Adams. She asked if I had a bed for the night for her and her friend, who was in the "Wilmington Arms." I went with her to the public-house and saw her friend, who was Stanley. I had a drink with Stanley. I took a drink indoors and stayed in the public-house till half-past 12. We all returned to 79, Rosebery Avenue. I showed Stanley and Adams upstairs and went down to the front parlour to my wife. About quarter past one I heard Helen Adams coming down the stairs. She said, "I cannot sleep, I am going home." I heard a tapping noise in the back parlour as if they were nailing up pictures. My wife had told me the lodgers had come in. About two o'clock I heard Stanley coming downstairs.</p>
<p>To the Judge. My wife might have thought the safe coming in was furniture. I did not know there were a number of men trying to break open a safe.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191001110035"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HARRY WOODLEY</hi>, 343 H, produced a plan of the premises occupied by Aldous.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-151" type="surname" value="ALDOUS"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-151" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE ALDOUS</persName> </hi>, prisoner, recalled; cross-examined by Mr. Boulton. I am know as "Ginger" and Smith. I was tenant of 79, Rosebery Avenue. My wife paid rent for it. I sometimes let rooms for immoral purposes. The tenant who moved in on December 8 was not one of the prisoners. I told the constable it was one of the men who got away; there were two that got away. My wife told me when I came in at night that the new tenant had moved in, but she did not say they had come in with something very heavy. My wife was very bad, expecting to be confined, but she got up to let the tenant in. I do not know that eight men were found in the back room. When the police came I was on the bed, not, as they say, under the bed, from whence they pulled me out by the leg. Donohue was not in the same room; there was nobody in that room but me. My wife has not yet been confined; she is expecting every minute. I do not know where she has moved to. It is not true that I struggled with the officer when he took me downstairs. I asked him what was the matter. The constable said he had a knife in his hand and was going to stab me on the landing. It is not a fact that I know all the prisoners very well. I know three of them. I know Brown by sight; we use the same public-house. I have spoken to him twice. I Know Brennan by sight and I know Smith. I know wilkinson by sight; we used to work in the same timber yard. After my wife told me the tenant had come in I did not go into the back room at all. I can give no explanation how all these men got into the house. It was at about one o'clock I heard the tapping. I did not think it a curious thing that tapping should be going on at that hour. Though my wife was expecting to be confined I did not go to ascertain the reason of the tapping. I did not notice a smash on the floor of the back room. I saw a safe in the middle of the room. When I was brought downstairs there were only two men in the room. I do not know where the constables fetched the others from. The man who came and hired the room in the morning gave the name of Roberts. He is not one of the prisoners; if he was I should not be here. I did not ask him for a reference. The man Stanley was there for an immoral purpose.</p>
<p>Re-examined. The wall between the room where the tapping was going on and the room in which I was, was, I should think, 1 ft. thick. It is a brick wall, not wattle and daub. If the men who were, breaking open the safe had tried to muffle the sound by means of cloths I should, of course, not have heard it clearly. It would be im
<lb/>possible for the detective to see through the parlour from back to front, as he says he did; the windows were an inch thick with dirt. When I was taken downstairs into the room where the safe was by the detective the window giving on the back yard was covered with sacks. When my wife let in the new tenant I was at the public house with Stanley. I was not going to bed at all, but was going to sit up in case my wife should want the doctor.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191001110036"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALDOUS</hi>, wife of last witness. On the night of this occurrence my husband went out a little after eight, and came home again about 11. While he was out there was a knock at the door as near as I can tell between 10 and half past. I opened the door; there were two men there, a tallish man and a short man. I do not recognise either of the prisoners as being those men. One of them said, "We are moving in, missis, into the back parlour." I said, "Very well," and went into my parlour and shut the door. They had a van of furni
<lb/>ture, a bedstead and things. That is all I know about it. I was very bad that night, and when the detectives came in they went and got me some brandy.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. It is a fact that I told my husband to remain up that night, as I was expecting my confinement. I have been very bad for months, and have had three doctors in to see me since Satur
<lb/>day week. They told me I ought not to move outside the door. I heard some tapping. It sounded like someone putting a bedstead together. I do not remember whether it was loud; I was in such agony. My husband slept that night at the station. Previous to that my husband had gone upstairs to lie down, and he said, "If you feel bad scream out." I believe there was a blind up before the window of the back room.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-152" type="surname" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-152" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM HENRY</persName> </hi>, potman, "Wilmington Arms." I remember the night when this robbery took place. I served prisoner Aldous with beer and another gentleman in a grey suit (Stanley) at about 11.30.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I know two of the prisoners, Aldous and Brown. I have seen Smith. I also know the tall man (Donahue) by sight. He did not use the house, but I have seen him outside once or twice. I have often seen Brown and Aldous together; they are customers of the house. On the night of December 8 I sold Aldous six cans of beer holding a pint and a half each, which he took away with him. He came twice and had two cans the first time and four the second. The man in the light clothes paid for the beer both times.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-153" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-153" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN BROWN</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I was arrested on December 22. The police must have known where I was, as Sergeant Laing has known me for ten years, and if he had wanted me he could have got me at once. I am living at 60, Gee Street, five minutes walk from Rosebery Avenue, and perhaps a quarter-mile from the house in Goswell Road from which the safe was taken. The other officer (Leach) who was with Laing also knew me. I live in his district, and he ought to know. If he had wanted he could have found me within 14 minutes. I have never left the locality and I have not slept from home one night since the burglary till I was arrested. About nine o'clock on December 8 I went to see my mother, who has a stall in Leather Lane, which is perhaps a quarter of an hour's walk from my house. I said, "Hallo, mother! How are you going on?" She said, "Things are not very bright, Jack." "I said, "Well, come and have a drink," and we went across to a public-house called the "Clock House," me, my mother, and a friend, Mrs. Campbell. After we came out we stopped at the stall a considerable time, and as mother was doing no trade we went back and had another drink. When we</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191001110037"/>
<p>came out we stood some time on the pavement and my sister came along. Her name is Ellen Buck. She suggested to me to go to my place and have a jollification on behalf of mother's birthday. Me and my sister went home together on the understanding that my mother and her friend would follow to my address at Gee Street. I am a married man. We got there just after the strike of 11 and mother and her friend reached my place at half-past 11. We started enjoying ourselves. We bought some consuming liquors and started singing. About two o'clock I felt bad—dizzy through the effect of drinking port wine; being a teetotaller I drink port wine. I told my friends I would have a little lay down on the bed with the intention of sleeping, and whilst I laid on the bed I became the victim of what I should call a filthy trick played on me by my sister. She put her hands into a basin of water, put them up the chimney, walked over to where I was lying, and put all the soot on my face. I remained in the room all night. The occurrence with the soot was about two o'clock. Mother and Mrs. Campbell remained with me all night and went away about half-past seven, as it was breaking light, and my sister went away about an hour later. It is therefore an impossibility that I could have been in the room where the safe was broken open.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have lived in Gee Street three years. My wife lives there with me. She was at home on this night and took part in the jollification. I do not know whether she is here to-day. It was my sister who told me it was mother's birthday. I am certain all this took place on December 8. It is not a fact that I have made up this alibi.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-154" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-154" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-154" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>ELLEN BROWN</persName> </hi>, mother of John Brown. My birthday is on Decem
<lb/>ber In the evening, about nine o'clock my son came to my stall. "Hallo, mother," he said. "I have come up to make a fuss of you. Come over and have a drink." I had a friend with me named Mrs. Campbell. We both went across with him to the "Clock House" and stayed there till half-past ten, I should think. When we came out my daughter came up and said, "Hallo, Jack, this is mother's birth
<lb/>day. We are going home to have a little jollification." I said, "Me and Mrs. Campbell will pack the stall up; you go home and we will follow on." We got to the house about a quarter to 12. We stayed there all night and had a little jollification, and came away the next morning about half-past seven, leaving my daughter there. She stayed to have some breakfast. I went away because I had my stall to seek. I did not go to sleep. My son lay on the bed, but my daughter would not let him doze and blacked his face.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have never before been in court to prove an alibi for my son. My son is a teetotaller, but he has a drop of port wine. I did not close my eyes the whole night. We were singing till the landlady called us to order about two o'clock, and then we played dice. None of us went to sleep that night. We did not go there to sleep; we went to enjoy ourselves. There were Mrs. Buck, Mrs. Campbell and me, his wife, and the two children, one aged five and the other three. The children were in bed and kept waking up with</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191001110038"/>
<p>our noise. Whilst we were playing dice we had some tea and some refreshments.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-155" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-155" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-155" type="surname" value="BUCK"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-155" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>ELLEN BUCK</persName> </hi>, married woman, sister of prisoner, John Brown. My mother's birthday is on December 8. On the evening of that day I met my brother at about 10.30 outside the "Clock House," Leather Lane. He came out of the house with my mother and a friend. I said, "This is mother's birthday." I went home with him and about an hour afterwards mother and her friend came, and we stayed all night with him. My husband is a porter and packer.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MARY ANN CAMPBELL</hi>, wife of a printer's labourer, gave similar evidence as to the alleged jollification.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">LAING</hi>, recalled, in answer to a juror, said he had not the slightest doubt that Brown was in the back parlour assisting with the operations on the safe. He was also positive that he saw Aldous, who was in his shirt sleeves. Brown at one time was using a crowbar. Brown and Owens rushed out to
<lb/>gether and Brown escaped, Owens being captured by the uniform constable. As a matter of fact, he did not know where Brown lived. He informed Inspector Burnham, and a description of Brown was circulated to the Metropolitan police and every effort was made to find him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-156" type="surname" value="DONOHUE"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-156" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID DONOHUE</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath) said that on the night in question, as he was going up Rosebery Avenue, he saw three men carrying something covered with sacking, one of whom said, "Lend us a hand." They got it into the back parlour of No. 79 and when the sacking was removed he saw it was a safe. One of the men said to him, "Hang that sack up there," indicating the window, and he did so. Seeing that the thing was a safe he asked no questions, and as to the Post Office, he did not know where it is in Goswell Road. As to being on a bed, he never saw a bed in the place, and was in no room except where the safe was. He went on to the stairs and that was where Sergeant Leach collared him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-157" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-157" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES SMITH</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath) accounted for his presence in the house by saying that he had met a female and gone there with her. As he was about to go out into the passage he heard a knock at the door, and somebody said, "Come upstairs." He accordingly went upstairs, and waited on the landing to be let out. Knowing the place was a brothel he thought it was being raided by the police. He knew nothing about the safe, but had gone there for an immoral purpose with a female.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-158" type="surname" value="BRENNAN"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-158" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS BRENNAN</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath) said he had nowhere to go to, and seeing the door of No. 79 open he went inside and down into the back kitchen. Hearing a row he rushed upstairs, and when he got to the corner of the stairs by the back parlour he got a punch in the jaw and was locked in the back room.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-159" type="surname" value="OWNS"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-159" type="given" value="HUGH"/>HUGH OWNS</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath) denied that when arrested hr had come out of No. 79, and stated that he had come out of the adjoining mews where he had been with a woman. He also stated that he had been employed in painting all the houses along there</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191001110039"/>
<p>about 18 months ago, and denied that he could have been seen coming out of the back-room door.</p>
<p>Verdict, All prisoners
<rs id="t19100111-29-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-29-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-29-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>, and all confessed to previous con
<hi rend="smallCaps">LAING</hi>, recalled, said he had known all these men a great number of years, and identified them all at the police court. After they were committed none of them could refer him to any person of whom he could make inquiries concerning them. Dono
<lb/>hue, whom he had known for 20 years, was a man of very intem
<lb/>perate habits. Brown was probably
<lb/>instigator of this affair. Smith, who had in or 15 convictions recorded against him, was re
<lb/>leased from prison on March 16 last year. Brennan had 10 convic
<lb/>tions for larceny and assault, and was liberated on March 27 last year; he was looked upon by the police in the neighbourhood of Clerkenwell Green as rather a violent character, and he had been convicted of assaulting the police. Owens was liberated from prison on November 29 last year, and no doubt rejoined his old friends. Previous to his last conviction in January, 1909, he had been for four months with the Galvanising Tin Plate Company at Abertillery, in Wales, where work was found for him by the Church Army. He left there owing to slackness, and through no fault of his own, and when he returned to London he had 12 months under the Prevention of Crimes Act. Aldous, who had eight convictions against him, had told him he was a dealer, but when not in prison he kept brothels. Against Brown there were nine convictions recorded; he was liberated from prison in the first week in February, 1909, and stated that he had been making a book. As to the manner in which the robbery was committed prisoner had a horse and van outside. A trolley was found in the doorway By Sergeant Dickerson, and no doubt they used that to wheel the safe from the back of the premises, then picked the safe up and put in the van, and drove it to Aldous's house, who was there ready to receive it.</p>
<p>Sentences: Donohue,
<rs id="t19100111-29-punishment-41" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-29-punishment-41" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-29-punishment-41" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-29-19100111 t19100111-29-punishment-41"/>18 months' hard labour</rs>; Smith,
<rs id="t19100111-29-punishment-42" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-29-punishment-42" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-29-punishment-42" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-29-19100111 t19100111-29-punishment-42"/>five years' penal servitude</rs>; Brennan,
<rs id="t19100111-29-punishment-43" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-29-punishment-43" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-29-punishment-43" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-29-19100111 t19100111-29-punishment-43"/>three years' penal servitude</rs>; Owens,
<rs id="t19100111-29-punishment-44" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-29-punishment-44" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-29-punishment-44" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def5-29-19100111 t19100111-29-punishment-44"/>four years' penal servitude</rs>; Aldous and Brown each
<rs id="t19100111-29-punishment-45" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-29-punishment-45" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-29-punishment-45" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def6-29-19100111 t19100111-29-punishment-45"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def7-29-19100111 t19100111-29-punishment-45"/>five years' penal servi
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, January 13.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100111-30">
<interp inst="t19100111-30" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100111"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-30" type="date" value="19100111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100111-30-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-19100111 t19100111-30-offence-1 t19100111-30-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-30-19100111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-30-19100111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19100111" type="surname" value="DUFFIELD"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19100111" type="given" value="JAMES ALVA ARTHUR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DUFFIELD</hi>, James Alva Arthur</persName>
<rs id="t19100111-30-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-30-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-30-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="libel"/>, unlawfully writing and publish
<lb/>ing and causing and procuring to be written and published certain defamatory libels of and concerning
<persName id="t19100111-name-161" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-161" type="surname" value="TIDDY"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-161" type="given" value="SAMUEL VESEY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-30-offence-1 t19100111-name-161"/>Samuel Vesey Tiddy</persName>,
<persName id="t19100111-name-162" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-162" type="surname" value="SANKEY"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-162" type="given" value="LESLIE RICHARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-30-offence-1 t19100111-name-162"/>Leslie Richard Sankey</persName>, and
<persName id="t19100111-name-163" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-163" type="surname" value="HARDY"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-163" type="given" value="FRANK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-30-offence-1 t19100111-name-163"/>Frank Hardy</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>(Trial postponed from last Session to enable a plea of justification to be filed.)</p>
<p>Mr. R. D. Muir prosecuted.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191001110040"/>
<p>Prisoner pleaded guilty of publishing, and put in a plea of justi
<p>Mr. Muir submitted that the plea of justification was bad in law.</p>
<p>Held that the demurrer must be in writing; the case was put back for a time. The demurrer having been filed; held that the plea of justification was bad, as not stating that the imputations made were true or that it was in the public interest that the libel should be published.</p>
<p>Prisoner stated that if the Judge directed that he had gone beyond the law he could only express his regret for it, and if he was directed to promise not to repeat the particular libel he would give his pro
<lb/>mise and would keep it.</p>
<p>The Common Serjeant. I give you no direction. I give you an opportunity, that is all.</p>
<p>Prisoner then
<rs id="t19100111-30-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-30-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-30-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>.</p>
<rs id="t19100111-30-punishment-46" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-30-punishment-46" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-30-punishment-46" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-19100111 t19100111-30-punishment-46"/>One week's imp</rs>.,
<rs id="t19100111-30-punishment-47" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-30-punishment-47" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-30-punishment-47" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-19100111 t19100111-30-punishment-47"/>prisoner to pay the costs of the prose
<lb/>cution and conviction, including the proceedings before the magis
<lb/>trate</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100111-31">
<interp inst="t19100111-31" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100111"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-31" type="date" value="19100111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100111-31-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-31-19100111 t19100111-31-offence-1 t19100111-31-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-31-19100111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-31-19100111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19100111" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19100111" type="surname" value="BAUGH"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19100111" type="given" value="WILLIAM BERTRAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19100111" type="occupation" value="telegraph fitter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BAUGH</hi>, William Bertram (21, telegraph fitter)</persName>
<rs id="t19100111-31-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-31-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-31-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>, attempting to procure the commission of an act of gross indecency with
<persName id="t19100111-name-165" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-165" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-165" type="surname" value="TIFFEN"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-165" type="given" value="JOHN ERNEST"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-31-offence-1 t19100111-name-165"/>John Ernest Tiffen</persName>, a male person.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19100111-31-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-31-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-31-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100111-32">
<interp inst="t19100111-32" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100111"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-32" type="date" value="19100111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100111-32-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-32-19100111 t19100111-32-offence-1 t19100111-32-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100111-32-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-32-19100111 t19100111-32-offence-2 t19100111-32-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-32-19100111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-32-19100111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19100111" type="age" value="48"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19100111" type="surname" value="PARSONS"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19100111" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19100111" type="occupation" value="chef"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PARSONS</hi>, Frederick (48, chef)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-32-19100111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-32-19100111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-32-19100111" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def2-32-19100111" type="surname" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def2-32-19100111" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>
<interp inst="def2-32-19100111" type="occupation" value="porter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES</hi>, Herbert (17, por
<rs id="t19100111-32-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-32-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-32-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>, Parsons committing an act of gross indecency with
<persName id="t19100111-name-168" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-168" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-168" type="surname" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-168" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-32-offence-1 t19100111-name-168"/>Herbert James</persName>, a male person</rs>; James
<rs id="t19100111-32-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-32-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-32-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>committing an act of gross indecency with
<persName id="t19100111-name-169" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-169" type="surname" value="PARSONS"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-169" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-32-offence-2 t19100111-name-169"/>Frederick Parsons</persName>, a male person</rs>.</p>
<rs id="t19100111-32-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-32-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-32-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100111-33">
<interp inst="t19100111-33" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100111"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-33" type="date" value="19100111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100111-33-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-19100111 t19100111-33-offence-1 t19100111-33-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100111-33-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-19100111 t19100111-33-offence-2 t19100111-33-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-33-19100111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-33-19100111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19100111" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19100111" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19100111" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19100111" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COLLINS</hi>, George (33, clerk)</persName>
<rs id="t19100111-33-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-33-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-33-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19100111-33-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-33-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-33-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, of burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t19100111-name-171" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-171" type="surname" value="ASH"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-171" type="given" value="CLAUDIUS JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-33-offence-1 t19100111-name-171"/>Claudius James Ash</persName> and stealing therein four vases and other articles, his goods</rs>; he also confessed to having been con
<lb/>victed of felony on October 16, 1907, at Newington Quarter Sessions. Prisoner also
<rs id="t19100111-33-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-33-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-33-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19100111-33-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-33-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-33-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="habitualCriminal"/>of being an habitual criminal</rs>. Six con
<lb/>victions were proved.</p>
<rs id="t19100111-33-punishment-48" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-33-punishment-48" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-33-punishment-48" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-19100111 t19100111-33-punishment-48"/>Three years' penal servitude</rs>, to be followed by five years' preventive detention.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100111-34">
<interp inst="t19100111-34" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100111"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-34" type="date" value="19100111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100111-34-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-34-19100111 t19100111-34-offence-1 t19100111-34-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100111-34-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-34-19100111 t19100111-34-offence-1 t19100111-34-verdict-2"/>
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<persName id="def1-34-19100111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-34-19100111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19100111" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19100111" type="surname" value="TURNER"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19100111" type="given" value="ALFRED JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19100111" type="occupation" value="cellarman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">TURNER</hi>, Alfred John (20, cellarman)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-34-19100111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-34-19100111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-34-19100111" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def2-34-19100111" type="surname" value="CONWAY"/>
<interp inst="def2-34-19100111" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<interp inst="def2-34-19100111" type="occupation" value="butcher"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CONWAY</hi>, Arthur (19, butcher)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-34-19100111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-34-19100111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-34-19100111" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def3-34-19100111" type="surname" value="STEER"/>
<interp inst="def3-34-19100111" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<interp inst="def3-34-19100111" type="occupation" value="carman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">STEER</hi>, Walter (20, carman)</persName>
<rs id="t19100111-34-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-34-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-34-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, all stealing one sugar basin and other articles, the goods of
<persName id="t19100111-name-175" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-175" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-175" type="surname" value="BARNES"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-175" type="given" value="LEONARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-34-offence-1 t19100111-name-175"/>Leonard Barnes</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Ernest Walsh prosecuted.</p>
<p>Turner and Conway
<rs id="t19100111-34-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-34-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-34-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN PAYNE</hi>, W Division. On January 6, 1910, at 7.30 p.m., I was with other officers in Norwood Road when I saw the three prisoners near Trinity Road, prosecutor's house being No. 16, Trinity Road. An hour afterwards I saw Conway and Turner in Trinity Road. Their appearance was bulky, and Conway had two cases (produced) under his arm. I said to Conway, "I am a police officer, what have you got there?" He threw the two cases down in the road and ran away up Trinity Road; Turner ran away down Nor
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191001110041"/>
<p>Road. I caught Turner and found a number of silver and plated articles upon him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-176" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-176" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN JONES</persName> </hi>. I was with the last witness and caught Con way. He made a communication to me and I took him to the end of the road where Steer was standing.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES BELLINGER</hi>. On January 6 I assisted in arresting Conway in Trinity Road. He made a communication to me. I picked up two cases containing cutlery near where Steer was standing. I said to Steer, "I am a police officer, and I understand from this man (Con
<lb/>way) that the overcoat you are wearing is his property." He said, "That is quite right," and gave me the coat. I took him to the station; he was charged and made no reply.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Steer was on the other side of the road from where I picked up the cases standing on the kerb; it was the corner of Trinity and Norwood Roads and about 16 yards from the prosecutor's house.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-177" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-177" type="surname" value="SEAFORD"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-177" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>LOUISA SEAFORD</persName> </hi>, 16, Trinity Road, servant to prosecutor. I identify silver and plated articles produced as the property of the prosecutor. They are valued at £15.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-178" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-178" type="surname" value="SEAFORD"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-178" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES SEAFORD</persName> </hi>, 106, Romney Road, West Norwood, brother of Louisa Seaford. On January 6 at 10.30 a.m. prosecutor's house was securely fastened. The family were away and no one was living there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROBERT BOWDEN</hi>, W Division. On January 6 at 10 p.m. I visited 16, Trinity Road, and found it had been entered through the drawing-room window, the catch having, been forced back.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-179" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-179" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-179" type="surname" value="STEER"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-179" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER STEER</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). On January 6 I met Turner at the library in Ashford Road and he asked me to go for a walk with him. We went up Norwood Road when Conway came up. Conway asked me to hold his overcoat, and said he would see me at the Park Corner in 20 minutes' or half an hour's time. I went for a walk by myself up Tulse Hill, and was waiting about when I saw the police
<lb/>man come down Tulse Hill, followed him, and waited at the bottom of Trinity Road. I stopped about 20 yards from Norwood Road when Detective Bellinger came up and asked me whose overcoat I had on. I said it was Conway's coat, and I was arrested. I do not know prose
<lb/>cutor's house.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have known Conway three weeks or a month; I have heard he has been convicted at this Court for burglary. I have known Turner five years, and have heard that he has been charged with purse stealing. About 3 1/2 years ago I dropped his acquaintance and I happened to hear about that. They were not quite acquaintances of mine, as I very seldom met them. I did not know there was an unoccupied house in Trinity Road. I left Turner and Conway at about 7.50 p.m. and was walking about till 8.30, when I was arrested. I was surprised to hear that Conway and Turner had been engaged in this robbery, and was still more surprised to be accused of being concerned. I said nothing when I was charged; I had not the chance to say any
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191001110042"/>
<p>I did deny it. I said to Bellinger, "I have nothing to do with it."</p>
<p>The Common Serjeant directed that there was not sufficient evidence against Steer, and the jury returned a verdict of
<rs id="t19100111-34-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-34-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-34-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Conway confessed to having been convicted at this Court on Decem
<lb/>ber 7, 1909, of burglary, when he was bound over. Turner was stated to have been charged with purse snatching and acquitted in December, 1909.</p>
<p>Sentence: Turner,
<rs id="t19100111-34-punishment-49" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-34-punishment-49" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-34-punishment-49" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-34-19100111 t19100111-34-punishment-49"/>Eight months' hard labour</rs>; Conway,
<rs id="t19100111-34-punishment-50" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-34-punishment-50" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-34-punishment-50" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-34-19100111 t19100111-34-punishment-50"/>10 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100111-35">
<interp inst="t19100111-35" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100111"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-35" type="date" value="19100111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100111-35-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-35-19100111 t19100111-35-offence-1 t19100111-35-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100111-35-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-35-19100111 t19100111-35-offence-2 t19100111-35-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-35-19100111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-35-19100111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19100111" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19100111" type="surname" value="GRAHAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19100111" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19100111" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GRAHAM</hi>, Arthur (40, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19100111-35-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-35-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-35-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, robbery upon
<persName id="t19100111-name-181" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-181" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-181" type="surname" value="BOOTY"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-181" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-181" type="occupation" value="leather gilder"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-35-offence-1 t19100111-name-181"/>Robert Booty</persName> and stealing from him £1 14s., his moneys.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. H. G. Meyer prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-182" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-182" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-182" type="surname" value="BOOTY"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-182" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT BOOTY</persName> </hi>, 285, Holloway Road, leather gilder. On Saturday, December 4, at 8.30 to 9 p.m., I was in "The George" public house, Eden Grove, Holloway. The prisoner and three other men asked me to stand them drinks, which I did. Prisoner and two of the others came out with me. We walked across Holloway Road, and round some by-turnings into Madras Place, where I went into a urinal. As I came out one of the men got in front of me. Graham held my coat behind, and the third man put his hand in my left trouser pocket and got my money out; then they ran away, and I found I had lost 34s. The next day, Sunday, I went with a police officer to a public house next door to the Northern Polytechnic in Holloway Road, where I saw Graham and pointed him out.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did tell the magistrate about going into "The George."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN WILD</hi>, 37 Y. On December 5 I went with prosecutor to the "Pied Bull." public house, where he pointed the prisoner out, and made a statement to me, and I arrested him. Prisoner said, "I know nothing about it. I have never seen him before." On the way to the station he said, "If this job is brought home to me. I shall get a stretch this time—I have only come out on Saturday from doing 23 months." The prisoner was charged and made no reply.</p>
<p>Prisoner's statement before the magistrate: "Will you send it to the Old Bailey, sir, because I think I will get a fairer chance there?"</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-183" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-183" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-183" type="surname" value="GRAHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-183" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER GRAHAM</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath). Prosecutor did not say before the magistrate that he had been drinking with me. As far as I can understand he must have got drinking so that he did not know who had his money and who did not. He did not go to the police station till the next day. I was in the "Pied Bull" public house drinking with some friends of mine, working men whom the police
<lb/>sergeant knows, when prosecutor came in, and I took no notice of him—I did not know who he was—then went out, found the inspector and a sergeant, and came back and accused me of robbing him. I told him that I had never seen him in my life. I had never seen the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191001110043"/>
<p>man, and he seemed so confused that I don't believe he knows who robbed him.</p>
<rs id="t19100111-35-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-35-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-35-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Prisoner confessed to having been convicted of felony on April 28, 1906, at Clerkenwell Sessions, and also
<rs id="t19100111-35-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-35-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-35-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> of
<rs id="t19100111-35-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-35-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-35-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="habitualCriminal"/>being an habitual criminal</rs>.</p>
<p>Convictions proved: June 21, 1887, Highgate Petty Sessions, three months for stealing money: October 10,. 1887, Clerkenwell Police Court, two months for stealing beef; June 7, 1888, Middlesex Ses
<lb/>sions, four months for attempting to steal; April 10, 1890, Kent Assizes, 18 months hard labour and two years' police supervision for stealing money; November 2, 1891, North London Sessions, 18 months and three years' police supervision for stealing; November 18, 1893, North London, three months as suspected person; Clerkenwell, six months for assault; December 29, 1895, North London, three months as suspected person; June 17, 1901, Gravesend, three months as suspected person; December 3, 1901, nine months; April 21, 1903, North London Sessions, three and a half years' penal servitude and two years' police supervision for shop breaking: March 14, 1896, South London Sessions, three months and license revoked for house breaking; April 28, 1898, North Lon
<lb/>don Sessions, 23 months for burglary; released on December 4, 1909, the date of the commission of the present offence.</p>
<rs id="t19100111-35-punishment-51" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-35-punishment-51" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-35-punishment-51" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-35-19100111 t19100111-35-punishment-51"/>Three years' penal servitude</rs>,
<rs id="t19100111-35-punishment-52" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-35-punishment-52" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-35-punishment-52" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="preventiveDetention"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-35-19100111 t19100111-35-punishment-52"/>to be followed by five years' preventive detention</rs>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUDGE LUMLEY SMITH</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, January 13.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100111-36">
<interp inst="t19100111-36" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100111"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-36" type="date" value="19100111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100111-36-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-36-19100111 t19100111-36-offence-1 t19100111-36-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100111-36-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-36-19100111 t19100111-36-offence-2 t19100111-36-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-36-19100111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-36-19100111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19100111" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19100111" type="surname" value="COHEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19100111" type="given" value="KASKEL"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19100111" type="occupation" value="tailor"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COHEN</hi>, Kaskel (16, tailor)</persName> pleaded guilty
<rs id="t19100111-36-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-36-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-36-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, of being in the shop, No.
<placeName id="t19100111-geo-1">
<interp inst="t19100111-geo-1" type="type" value="site"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-36-offence-1 t19100111-geo-1"/>285, Oxford Street</placeName>, and stealing one overcoat and other articles, the goods of
<persName id="t19100111-name-185" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-185" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-185" type="surname" value="SYMONS"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-185" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-36-offence-1 t19100111-name-185"/>Alfred Symons</persName>, and feloniously breaking out of the said shop</rs>.
<rs id="t19100111-36-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-36-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-36-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>A second count charged prisoner with feloniously causing grievous bodily harm to the said
<persName id="t19100111-name-186" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-186" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-186" type="surname" value="SYMONS"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-186" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-36-offence-2 t19100111-name-186"/>Alfred Symons</persName> with intent</rs>.
<rs id="t19100111-36-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-36-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-36-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>To this count he pleaded not guilty; the prosecution accepted the first plea</rs>.</p>
<p>Mr. Close prosecuted; Mr. Huntly Jenkins defended.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-187" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-187" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-187" type="surname" value="COHEN"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-187" type="given" value="MORRIS"/>MORRIS COHEN</persName> </hi> father of the prisoner, was called as to character, and said he was willing to be bound over to produce prisoner if his lordship would release him.</p>
<rs id="t19100111-36-punishment-53" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-36-punishment-53" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-36-punishment-53" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-36-19100111 t19100111-36-punishment-53"/>Prisoner was released on his own recognisances in £10, and those of Morris Cohen the like amount, to come up for judgment if called upon</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19100111-37">
<interp inst="t19100111-37" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19100111"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-37" type="date" value="19100111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19100111-37-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-37-19100111 t19100111-37-offence-1 t19100111-37-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-37-19100111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-37-19100111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19100111" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19100111" type="surname" value="MOIR"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19100111" type="given" value="EDWARD VINCENT"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19100111" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MOIR</hi>, Edward Vincent (35, clerk)</persName>
<rs id="t19100111-37-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19100111-37-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-37-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>, embezzling and stealing £1 19s. 9d., £1 11s. 6d., 10s., 10s., £2 and £508, or there abouts, received by him for and on account of
<persName id="t19100111-name-189" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-189" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-189" type="surname" value="JEFFREYS"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-189" type="given" value="VICTOR GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-37-offence-1 t19100111-name-189"/>Victor George Jeffreys</persName>, and others, the members of the
<persName id="t19100111-name-190" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-190" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19100111-37-offence-1 t19100111-name-190"/>National Society of Telephone Employees</persName>, his masters, and having been entrusted with the said several sums of £1 19s. 9d., £1 11s. 6d., 10s., 10s., £2, and £508, or thereabouts, in order that he might apply the same for the purpose of the said Vic
<lb/>tor George Jeffreys and others, did fraudulently convert the said sums to his own use and benefit</rs>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191001110044"/>
<p>Mr. Moresby White prosecuted; Mr. Martin O'Connor defended.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-191" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-191" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-191" type="surname" value="MESSENGER"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-191" type="given" value="CHARLES WILLIAM"/>CHARLES WILLIAM MESSENGER</persName> </hi>, Secretary of the Eastern Branch of the National Society of Telephone Employees. On January 2, 1906, I sent to prisoner at our head office the sum of £1 19s. 9d., and received a postcard acknowledging its receipt in the defendant's handwriting. On looking at prisoner's book, in which this amount should have been entered, I do not find it entered. On October 21, 1908, a meeting of the executive committee, of which I am a mem
<lb/>ber, was called, of which the prisoner had notice with a request that he should attend, but he did not do so. At a meeting of the execu
<lb/>tive committee on November 27, a statement was read from the prisoner.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The executive committee instructed prisoner to obtain the books which he was to use in keeping the accounts on the formation of the society. I do not remember that the committee gave instructions as to how they should be kept. A balance sheet was issued in 1905, and auditors were appointed to audit the accounts. They certified the accounts as being correct in 1905; the same thing applies to the years 1906 and 1907.</p>
<p>Re-examined. The auditors were merely members of the society and not experienced accountants. The account they certified was really only an account of receipts and expenditure.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-192" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-192" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-192" type="surname" value="MCFADDEN"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-192" type="given" value="STEPHEN"/>STEPHEN MCFADDEN</persName> </hi>. I was branch secretary at Belfast of the society. I forwarded a sum of £1 11s. 6d. to prisoner at the head office, and a receipt was sent by him dated January 9, 1906. I do not find the amount entered in the branch book kept by prisoner at the head office. In November, 1908, I was in London for the purpose of attending a meeting of the executive committee. I saw prisoner at the Gower Hotel on the 19th. He did not give me any explanation as to where the missing money was. All he said was that he was certain there was some misconception in some way, and a gross mistake had been made. A statement had then been prepared by Mr. Helmore, an accountant, who had been engaged to examine the books, which showed a deficit of £508. I advised prisoner to attend the meeting, but he said he would not, because of the action the emergency com
<lb/>mittee, which was a sub-committee of the executive committee, had taken, and the way they had dealt with him throughout the whole case, and he did not feel disposed to knuckle down to his inferiors. I discussed the question of certain I. O. U.'s which he mentioned, and which he said were given by officials or members of the society for money he had lent to them, and my impression was from the con
<lb/>versation that prisoner did not acknowledge any deficit. A circular letter was read from the prisoner at a meeting of the executive com
<lb/>mittee on December 20, 1908, and in April, 1909, a conference was called of all the delegates of the society. At that conference I read on behalf of the prisoner a letter which he had written to me con
<lb/>taining three alternatives put by him, one with regard to the with
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191001110045"/>
<p>of the warrant which had been issued, secondly expelling Mr. Dowdall, and thirdly giving him (prisoner) an opportunity of agreeing to a further audit. The conference rejected the prisoner's proposals, but not unanimously. I communicated the result to prisoner at an address given by him, Poste Restante, London.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I had been secretary of the Belfast branch since 1905, two or three years previous to my transfer from Belfast to Manchester. The accounts of the society are audited every quarter. For the purposes of an audit the branch secretaries send to the audi
<lb/>tors cash sheets and balance sheets. When I was speaking to prisoner upon this matter he said there were certain members of the executive committee he thought were persecuting him. I believe he has always asked for an independent audit of the accounts, and there were several members of the executive committee in favour of granting this separate audit. Some of the members of the executive committee were of opinion that there ought to be another meeting held before proceedings were instituted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-193" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-193" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-193" type="surname" value="JEFFREYS"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-193" type="given" value="VICTOR"/>VICTOR JEFFREYS</persName> </hi>. I have been a member of the society from its commencement, and was appointed secretary in June, 1906. I had previously been treasurer from February, 1907, to April, 1908. From June, 1905, to the end of 1906 the business of the society was carried on at prisoner's house in Minford Gardens, and was afterwards trans
<lb/>ferred to offices in Great James Street, Bedford Row. Prisoner's salary varied from £2 5s. to £2 15s. per week. In 1905 all moneys were received direct by the prisoner. Towards the end of that year branches of the society were established throughout the United King
<lb/>dom, which continued to grow in number and in size. Branch secre
<lb/>taries were appointed to collect the subscriptions of the local members, and from the moneys received they paid the expenses locally incurred and remitted the balances to the head office, accompanied by a monthly statement, and in some cases a weekly statement. Transcripts of those statements were entered in a book at the head office and the original statements kept. There was a book at the head office kept by the prisoner called a petty cash book, and there was also a bank pass-book. Looking at the dates when I was treasurer from February, 1907, to April, 1908, none of the entries "By cash" or "By cash treasurer" represent any sum of money which I as treasurer paid to prisoner. I did not give any of those moneys to him, and, so far as I know, the entries are fictitious. The amounts, "By cash," always appear to be amounts which would just leave a small balance. The moneys entered in no way represent any moneys which had been received during those particular weeks at the head office, either from the branches or head office or anywhere else, so far as can be traced. I have gone into the books with the accountant, Mr. Helmore, and find that the total amounts paid in by the branches exceed the amounts appearing in the cash book as entered by prisoner by £508 9s. 4d. On referring to the entries in the bankers' pass book for the year 1908 no payments were made into the bank to the account of the society until prisoner was suspended, which was in October. I have searched for the branch statements for the year 1906, but cannot find them. On</p>
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<p>November 15, prisoner having refused to attend any meetings of the executive committee, I was instructed to inform him that he was sus
<lb/>pended from his duties, and request him to hand over the keys and books and papers. In reply, he wrote stating that he was going to consult a solicitor and demand an independent inquiry into the affairs of the society. On November 20 a letter was received from Mr. A. T. Churchman, solicitor for prisoner, and on November 27 a warrant for prisoner's arrest was applied for.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-194" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-194" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-194" type="surname" value="BLAIKIE"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-194" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER BLAIKIE</persName> </hi>, telephone electrician. From September, 1905, to January, 1907, I was treasurer to the society. I recollect a cheque for £25 for the payment of conference expenses being drawn on the Birk
<lb/>beck Bank and handed to prisoner. I cannot find any entry of the cheque in the cash book as a receipt.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-195" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-195" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-195" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-195" type="given" value="NEWTON"/>NEWTON EDWARDS</persName> </hi>. I am a cashier at the Birkbeck Bank, where the National Society of Telephone Employees keep their account. I pro
<lb/>duce their pass-book, which I have examined with the bank books and find correct. There is an entry that on July 30, 1906, a cheque for £25 was cashed over the counter. There is also an entry of a cheque for £10 drawn in favour of Murphy being cashed, and the money was paid in one £5 note and £5 in gold. On the back of the £5 note there is a portion of an endorsement by prisoner remaining, containing the letters "oir."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-196" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-196" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-196" type="surname" value="HAWTHORN"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-196" type="given" value="OLIVER"/>OLIVER HAWTHORN</persName> </hi>. traffic officer in the employ of the National Telephone Company. In 1907 I ordered from prisoner 40 Poole's books, which I sold to various members in the employment of the com
<lb/>pany and collected the instalments in payment for them, forwarding the money to prisoner. I produce his receipts. Among them is one dated September 5, 1908, for 10s., and another dated September 17 for a similar amount, both signed by him. Looking at the book pro
<lb/>duced I do not find any entry of either of those items. The book was kept by prisoner and is in his handwriting.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-197" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-197" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-197" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-197" type="given" value="GEOFFREY"/>GEOFFREY THOMPSON</persName> </hi>, telephone inspector. In the autumn of 1908 I recollect prisoner being at Liverpool when I handed him in cash £1 15s., part of the moneys I had collected for my branch. He gave me a temporary receipt, and later forwarded a formal receipt from London. On October 18, about a fortnight afterwards, when I was in London, I handed him 2s. 3d. in cash, also forming part of the pro
<lb/>ceeds collected from my branch. I have looked through the branch book and do not find any entry of these two sums.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-198" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-198" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-198" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-198" type="given" value="JOHN HENRY"/>JOHN HENRY HALL</persName> </hi>, secretary of the Bradford branch of the society. Prisoner was at Bradford in October, 1908, when I handed him £2, which had been paid to me on account of the society. He gave me a receipt produced. He asked me for the money, saying that he wanted it to meet his expenses, as he had not received a cheque from the head office as he expected. I cannot find any entry of the amount in the books.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-199" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-199" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-199" type="surname" value="HELMORE"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-199" type="given" value="GEORGE REGINALD"/>GEORGE REGINALD HELMORE</persName> </hi>, Fellow of the Institute of Chartered Accountants. I was consulted first on October 24, 1908, and examined the books. I found the system of account keeping was very unsatis
<lb/>factory. I saw prisoner on October 26, and told him I did not think</p>
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<p>I had got all the statements and vouchers, and asked him if I had all the books. He said, "I think you have everything, but if you have not I am going out of town and shall not be back until next Monday, when I will let you have them." He did not send me anything, but told me when I saw him again that he thought everything must be in the office. I knew then that the whole of the branch statements for the year 1906 were missing, and I told prisoner also that the books of the Western Electric branch were missing. I have looked into the so-called cash book. I do not find vouchers for anything like the items of expenditure entered here. Subsequently prisoner told me he had not been able to find anything further at home, although he had made careful search. He made a possible explanation, which was that he thought during the year 1906 a whole lot of papers and books had been sent to the waste paper mills. I told him I was anxious to get out an account as between himself and the society, and asked him to help me in doing so. As the result of my examination I found various omis
<lb/>sions in the books and branch sheets, and the total amount unaccounted for by the prisoner I make out to be £508 9s. 4d. I reported this to the society.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-200" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-200" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-200" type="surname" value="BURT"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-200" type="given" value="HENRY JOHN"/>HENRY JOHN BURT</persName> </hi>. I was employed as clerk at the society's office from February to October, 1906. Prisoner and myself were the only people in the office. When I left in October, 1906, the branch state
<lb/>ments which are missing must have been in the office, because I had dealt with them. I left the office for a short time, but went back again in 1907, when certain papers were sent to the waste paper mer
<lb/>chant. Those papers passed through my hands, and had they contained the branch statements I should have seen them, but I do not recollect doing so.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM C. HAYMAN</hi>. I received a warrant for prisoner's arrest on November 27, 1908. I proceeded to his house in Minford Gardens but could not find him. I kept watch and made inquiries, and did everything in conjunction with my brother officers to try and find him, and communicated with the various ports. More than a year passed before I heard or saw anything of him. He surrendered himself at Bow Street on December 23 last. I saw him there and said to him, "I hold a warrant for your arrest." He said, "I am giving myself up, and my solicitor is here." I read the warrant to him, and he said, "We are bringing this up under the Trade Union Act. I wrote to the Commissioner to the effect that I would be here to-day." On being charged he said, "I see," and afterwards, "What is the total amount of the further charges?" I said, "£41 8s. 3d." He said, "They have I. O. U's of mine for £50."</p>
<p>(Friday, January 14.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-201" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-201" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-201" type="surname" value="MOIR"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-201" type="given" value="EDWARD VINCENT"/>EDWARD VINCENT MOIR</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). Before being appointed secretary of the society I was a telephone inspector, and had no, experi
<lb/>ence in keeping books and accounts. A finance committee was</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191001110048"/>
<p>appointed and examined the books every two weeks. They gave me instructions, and I generally followed their suggestions. At first the treasurer attended when money was handed over and counted it, and I had to produce the vouchers to the committee. They were afterwards initialled by the chairman. When audits were being held the weekly accounts were produced, and the auditors saw that there were thirteen sheets representing thirteen weekly accounts, or I had to explain their absence. The sheets showed the branch expenditures, and then my cash book and vouchers showed my expenditure. I produced all receipts for payments which I had made, and showed the auditors every penny I had received from the branches, with the accounts apper
<lb/>taining to them. At the end of every quarter my accounts were passed as correct by the auditors. With regard to the omission of the £1 19s. 9d., and other sums, I account for it by the fact that for the first two quarters of 1906 the book was not in existence. Although the book contains entries dated 1905, they were made by myself after
<lb/>wards. Everything was made up from the loose sheets which were filed for come time and afterwards disposed of.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I was a fugitive from justice for more than a year, because I had a prospect of making a livelihood in America When I wrote the letter to the executive committee in December, 1908, I was in Belgium. When I was in America I had good work there. I was anxious to return to London. I gave myself up be
<lb/>cause I only stayed away long enough to get money to come back, and as soon as I was in a position to do so I came back. I knew I was innocent, and that was why I came back. I did not surrender in November, 1908, because I considered the circumstances were against me and at the time I was practically penniless. I made no arrangement with my solicitor to attend and surrender before I went away. I do not suggest that Mr. Helmore, the accountant, is prejudiced in any way, but he is not aware of all the facts, I do not say he is incompetent. I did not assist him because I was not dis
<lb/>posed to do so at the time owing to the way the thing was conducted by those who instructed him. I told him everything he required was in the office, and that the clerk was in a better position than I was to give him information. I did withhold information from him be
<lb/>cause I was not satisfied with the way the investigation had been started and because I had been superseded. The information I withheld was with regard to various receipts and payments and also as to the branch registers. He was basing his statement up on things which were not substantially correct. I contended that I ought to have assistance in keeping the books, but my committee said that I could dispense with a clerk, and they did not supply me with one until nearly 18 months afterwards. When he came back the books were not made up until the beginning of 1908. We kept copies of the branch registers to give us an idea of how the members stood in the respective districts. I suggest that the branch register of 1906, with Mr. Messenger's entry of £1 19s. 9d., is incorrect. I explain it by the fact that these entries were made about six months after the moneys were received and passed by the auditors, from the branch</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="191001110049"/>
<p>sheets. I made the entries in the book from the sheets. I am, there
<lb/>fore responsible for the omission which had already been passed by the auditors. I am also responsible for the omission of £1 11s. 6d., spoken to by Mr. McFadden. In 1905 I prepared the sheets which were laid before the auditors, showing the expenses and receipts of the society, but not afterwards. Afterwards it was prepared by Burt, my clerk, but I will not say upon my instructions. I am afraid I left too much to him. He got the figures from the state
<lb/>ments, which I signed, with the treasurer. I produced to the audi
<lb/>tors on every occasion vouchers for all expenditure.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19100111-name-202" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19100111-name-202" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19100111-name-202" type="surname" value="MILAM"/>
<interp inst=