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<div1 type="frontMatter" id="f19081208">
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<p>1908, DECEMBER.</p>
<p>Vol. CL.] Part 890.</p>
<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</p>
<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>TRUSCOTT, MAYOR.</p>
<p>SECOND SESSION,</p>
<p>HELD DEC. 8TH, 1908, AND FOLLOWING DAYS.</p>
<p>MINUTES OF EVIDENCE,</p>
<p>TAKEN IN SHORTHAND BY</p>
<p>GEORGE WALPOLE,</p>
<p>Shorthand Writer to the Court.</p>
<p>POINTS OF LAW AND PRACTICE</p>
<p>EDITED BY</p>
<p>R. F. GRAHAM-CAMPBELL, ESQUIRE,</p>
<p>OF THE INNER TEMPLE.</p>
<p>[Published by Annual Subscription.]</p>
<p>LONDON:</p>
<p>GEO. WALPOLE, PORTUGAL STREET BUILDINGS, LINCOLN'S INN, W.C.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080003"/>
<p>THE</p>
<p>WHOLE PROCEEDINGS</p>
<p>On the King's Commission of</p>
<p>OYER AND TERMINER AND GAOL DELIVERY</p>
<p>FOR</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>AND GAOL DELIVERY FOR THE</p>
<p>COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX, AND THE PARTS OF THE COUNTIES OF ESSEX, KENT, AND SURREY WITHIN THE JURISDICTION</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT,</p>
<p>Held on Tuesday, December 8th, 1908, and following days.</p>
<p>Before the Right Hon. Sir
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-1" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-1" type="surname" value="TRUSCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-1" type="given" value="GEORGE WYATT"/>GEORGE WYATT TRUSCOTT</persName> </hi>, Knight, Alderman,
<hi rend="largeCaps">LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; the Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-2" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-2" type="surname" value="LAWRENCE"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-2" type="given" value="ALFRED TRISTRAM"/>ALFRED TRISTRAM LAWRENCE</persName> </hi>, Kt., the Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-3" type="surname" value="SUTTON"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-3" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY SUTTON</persName> </hi>, Kt., the Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-4" type="surname" value="PICKFORD"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-4" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WM. PICKFORD</persName> </hi> Kt., Justices of His Majesty's High Court; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">G. F. FAUDEL-PHILLIPS</hi>, Bart., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">J. T. RITCHIE</hi>, Bart., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">T. VANSITTART BOWATER</hi> Kt., Sir H. E.
<hi rend="smallCaps">KNIGHT</hi>, Kt., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">J. KNILL</hi>, Bart., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-5" type="surname" value="BURNETT"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-5" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID BURNETT</persName> </hi>, Kt., Sir C.C.
<hi rend="smallCaps">WAKEFIELD</hi>, Kt., Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-6" type="surname" value="FULTON"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-6" type="given" value="FORREST"/>FORREST FULTON</persName> </hi>, Knight, K.C., Recorder of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-7" type="surname" value="BOSANQUET"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-7" type="given" value="FREDERICK ALBERT"/>FK. ALBERT BOSANQUET</persName> </hi>, K.C., Common Serjeant of the said City; and His Honour Judge
<hi rend="smallCaps">RENTOUL</hi>, K.C., Commissioner, His Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery holden for the said City, and Judge of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-8" type="surname" value="HANSON"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-8" type="given" value="FRANCIS STANHOPE"/>FRANCIS STANHOPE HANSON</persName> </hi>, Esq., Alderman</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-9" type="surname" value="BADDELEY"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-9" type="given" value="JOHN JAMES"/>JOHN JAMES BADDELEY</persName> </hi> Esq., Deputy</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs</hi>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t19081208-name-10" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-10" type="surname" value="HANSELL"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-10" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ARTHUR</hi> D.
<hi rend="smallCaps">HANSELL</hi> </persName>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">H.W. CAPPER</hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs</hi> </p>
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<p>1908.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">TRUSCOTT, MAYOR, SECOND SESSION</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RECORDER</hi>.</p>
<p>(Tuesday, December 8.)</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t19081208-name-11">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-11" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-11" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-11" type="surname" value="HOMEWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-11" type="given" value="DOROTHY"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-11" type="occupation" value="bookkeeper"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HOMEWOOD</hi>, Dorothy (27, bookkeeper)</persName>, who last Session (see page 5) pleaded guilty of forging and uttering a banker's cheque for the sum of £250, and attempting to obtain from
<persName id="t19081208-name-12" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-12" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-12" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>Samuel Smith</persName> by false pretences certain articles of jewellery, value £250, with intent to defraud, and who had been since detained in custody, was now sentenced to one month's imprisonment, entitling her to be at once discharged.</p>
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<interp inst="def1-2-19081208" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-2-19081208" type="surname" value="GORHAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-2-19081208" type="given" value="ALBERT WILLIAM"/>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">GORHAM</hi>, Albert William (25, carpenter)</persName>,
<rs id="t19081208-2-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-2-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-2-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19081208-2-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-2-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-2-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>of forg
<lb/>ing and uttering, knowing the same to be forged, a certain receipt for money—to wit, for the sum of £25, and a certain request for the pay
<lb/>ment of money—to wit, a notice of withdrawal from the Post Office Savings Bank for the sum of £26, purporting to be signed by
<persName id="t19081208-name-14" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-14" type="surname" value="HALCROW"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-14" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19081208-2-offence-1 t19081208-name-14"/>John Halcrow</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19081208-2-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-2-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-2-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-2-19081208 t19081208-2-punishment-1"/>Nine months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-3-19081208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-3-19081208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-3-19081208" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-3-19081208" type="surname" value="ALDERMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-3-19081208" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-3-19081208" type="occupation" value="cook"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALDERMAN</hi>, James (34, cook)</persName>
<rs id="t19081208-3-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-3-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-3-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19081208-3-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-3-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-3-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, of forging and uttering a certain order for the payment of money—to wit, a seaman's advance note for the payment of £3 5s., with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19081208-3-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-3-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-3-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-3-19081208 t19081208-3-punishment-2"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-4-19081208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-4-19081208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19081208" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19081208" type="surname" value="PRINCE"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19081208" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19081208" type="occupation" value="servant"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PRINCE</hi>, John (20, servant)</persName>
<rs id="t19081208-4-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-4-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-4-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>; stealing one telegraph money order of the value and for the payment of £10, the property of
<persName id="t19081208-name-17" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-17" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-17" type="surname" value="BAYFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-17" type="given" value="THOMAS FREDERICK"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-17" type="occupation" value="M.D."/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19081208-4-offence-1 t19081208-name-17"/>Thomas Frederick Bayfield</persName>, his master.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Morris prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-18" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-18" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-18" type="surname" value="BAYFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-18" type="given" value="THOMAS FREDERICK"/>THOMAS FREDERICK BAYFIELD</persName> </hi>, M.D., Russell Priory, Russell Square. Prisoner has been my servant for three or four years. On October 14 I expected to receive a telegraphic money order for £10. As it did not arrive, I made inquiries at the West Central Post Office, New Oxford Street, and as the result of what I heard returned home to get some papers to that I could be identified. I was shown a tele
<lb/>gram at the post office. Prisoner can neither read nor write. I have no other servant except prisoner. I have not received the money.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. I did not give you the paper to go to the post office and cash it.</p>
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<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-19" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-19" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-19" type="surname" value="ENGLAND"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-19" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT ENGLAND</persName> </hi>, Clarendon Street, Somers Town, 11 years of age, On October 6 prisoner saw me in the street and asked if I would write a letter for him to a young lady, which I did; he gave me 3d. On the following Thursday he again saw me and showed me a £10 money order, which he said was his two months' wages—that his master gave him £5 a month—that he would change it to-morrow and asked me to write his master's name on it. It was payable to Dr. Bayfield, and I wrote that name on it. He then asked me to change it for him. I said, "No, the Post Office people might think I had stolen it." This conversation was in English; I do not under
<lb/>stand the West African dialect. On Saturday, October 17, at 7.30 p.m., I went with prisoner to the post office. He went in and I stayed outside. He then came out and said the post office people had told him to go to New Oxford Street, as that was not the right post office. He had the telegram in his hand. We went there; I stayed outside, and after about two minutes prisoner ran out, the post office clerk running after him. I saw him next at Gray's Inn Road Police Station. I believed what he told me. I wrote the note produced asking the post office to pay.</p>
<p>Prisoner stated he told the boy to write the order because his master gave him the cheque and told him to get it changed.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-20" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-20" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-20" type="surname" value="HICKMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-20" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE HICKMAN</persName> </hi>, clerk at the New Oxford Street Post Office. On October 17, at seven p.m., prisoner presented a note (produced) pur
<lb/>porting to be signed by Dr. Bayfield, "Please cash this cheque by the boy." He also presented a telegraphic order for £10 signed "T. F. Bayfield." I asked prisoner if he could tell me the name of the sender; he did not appear to understand me. I then asked him if he would sign his name on the back of the order. He appeared to understand that and went to the writing desk. I went round the counter to see if he was doing so, when he ran away, taking the order with him, leaving the note behind. I ran after him. I had seen Dr. Bayfield about an hour previously, and in consequence recog
<lb/>nised the order, of which I produce the letter of advice received on October 14.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. I have some recollection of asking you if that was your name and your saying "No."</p>
<p>Re-examined. If the bearer of the order had no authority from the payee we should refuse payment.</p>
<p>Police-constable,
<persName id="t19081208-name-21" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-21" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-21" type="surname" value="GARDNER"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-21" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM GARDNER</hi> </persName>,408 E. On October 17 I took prisoner into custody at Dr. Bayfield's flat, Russell Priory. He said, "I have not got the cheque; I have thrown it away." He spoke English. He was charged at the station with stealing the cheque.</p>
<p>Dr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">BAYFIELD</hi>, recalled. I occupy a flat at Russell Priory. I have no other servant except prisoner. He would receive letters which he ought to put on my table. I never received this letter. I never gave prisoner any order to change. I never received the telegram.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not tell prisoner to write the note—he can
<lb/>not write.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-22" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-22" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-22" type="surname" value="WARREN"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-22" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WARREN</persName> </hi>, telegraph messenger, New Oxford Street Post Office. On October 14, at about 3.30, I delivered a telegraphic money</p>
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<p>order at prosecutor's flat, Russell Priory, to the person who opened the door. The passage is dark, and I did not see the man's face.</p>
<p>Prisoner's statement before the Magistrate. The small piece of paper my governor gave me to keep—the pink piece of paper.</p>
<p>Prisoner. My master gave me the post order, and if he denies it now I have got nothing to say. It was in the presence of Dr. McKinnon.</p>
<p>Dr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">BAYFIELD</hi> again stated that he never gave prisoner the order. He paid prisoner wages at the rate of 30s. a month.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19081208-4-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-4-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-4-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Prosecutor gave prisoner a good character. He is a British sub
<lb/>ject who had been taken into prosecutor's employ in West Africa and brought to England. It was stated prisoner could obtain employ
<lb/>ment as stoker on a steamer from Liverpool.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t19081208-4-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-4-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-4-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-4-19081208 t19081208-4-punishment-3"/>Sentence postponed to next Sessions, the Court missionary to be communicated with.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-5-19081208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-5-19081208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19081208" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19081208" type="surname" value="JACKSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19081208" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19081208" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JACKSON</hi>, Thomas (19, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19081208-5-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-5-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-5-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19081208-5-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-5-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-5-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, of breaking and entering the shop of
<persName id="t19081208-name-24" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-24" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-24" type="surname" value="KAIN"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-24" type="given" value="EMILY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19081208-5-offence-1 t19081208-name-24"/>Emily Kain</persName> and stealing therein six cakes of chocolate and the sum of £1 18s. 3d., in money, her goods and moneys.</rs> </p>
<p>A conviction at Guildhall of three months' hard labour for fre
<lb/>quenting was proved.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19081208-5-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-5-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-5-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-5-19081208 t19081208-5-punishment-4"/>Nine months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19081208-6">
<interp inst="t19081208-6" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19081208"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-6" type="date" value="19081208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19081208-6-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-6-19081208 t19081208-6-offence-1 t19081208-6-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-6-19081208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-6-19081208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19081208" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19081208" type="surname" value="WILLETT"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19081208" type="given" value="JOHN WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19081208" type="occupation" value="painter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLETT</hi>, John William (37, painter)</persName>
<rs id="t19081208-6-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-6-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-6-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19081208-6-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-6-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-6-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, of stealing from a postal letter one purse and the sum of £1 4s. 2d., the goods of
<persName id="t19081208-name-26" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-26" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19081208-6-offence-1 t19081208-name-26"/>His Majesty's Postmaster-General</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19081208-6-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-6-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-6-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-6-19081208 t19081208-6-punishment-5"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19081208-7">
<interp inst="t19081208-7" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19081208"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-7" type="date" value="19081208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19081208-7-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-7-19081208 t19081208-7-offence-1 t19081208-7-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19081208-7-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-7-19081208 t19081208-7-offence-1 t19081208-7-verdict-2"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-7-19081208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-7-19081208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19081208" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19081208" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19081208" type="given" value="ARTHUR EDGAR"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19081208" type="occupation" value="bootmaker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHNSON</hi>, Arthur Edgar (35, bootmaker)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-7-19081208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-7-19081208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-7-19081208" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def2-7-19081208" type="surname" value="GODDARD"/>
<interp inst="def2-7-19081208" type="given" value="CHARLES HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def2-7-19081208" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GODDARD</hi>, Charles Henry (42, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19081208-7-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-7-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-7-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>; Johnson on
<rs id="t19081208-cd-1" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19081208-7-offence-1 t19081208-cd-1"/> October 17, 1908</rs>, feloniously obtaining the sum of £10 5s. by a forged instrument, to wit, a post letter, knowing the same to be forged; Goddard on
<rs id="t19081208-cd-2" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19081208-7-offence-1 t19081208-cd-2"/>October 3, 1908</rs>, feloniously obtaining the sum of £5 4s., on
<rs id="t19081208-cd-3" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19081208-7-offence-1 t19081208-cd-3"/>October 17, 1908</rs>, the sum of £10 5s., and on
<rs id="t19081208-cd-4" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19081208-7-offence-1 t19081208-cd-4"/>October 24, 1908</rs>, the sum of £15, in each case by a forged instrument, to wit, a post letter, knowing the same to be forged; both unlawfully conspiring on
<rs id="t19081208-cd-5" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19081208-7-offence-1 t19081208-cd-5"/>October 3, 1908</rs>, to demand and receive bankers' cheques for £14 and other sums.</rs> </p>
<p>Johnson
<rs id="t19081208-7-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-7-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-7-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> pleaded guilty</rs>, Goddard
<rs id="t19081208-7-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-7-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-7-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>pleaded guilty of obtaining £5 4s. and £15; also of conspiracy.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence: Each prisoner
<rs id="t19081208-7-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-7-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-7-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-7-19081208 t19081208-7-punishment-6"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-7-19081208 t19081208-7-punishment-6"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19081208-8">
<interp inst="t19081208-8" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19081208"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-8" type="date" value="19081208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19081208-8-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-8-19081208 t19081208-8-offence-1 t19081208-8-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19081208-8-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-8-19081208 t19081208-8-offence-1 t19081208-8-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19081208-8-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-8-19081208 t19081208-8-offence-1 t19081208-8-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-8-19081208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-8-19081208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19081208" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19081208" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19081208" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19081208" type="occupation" value="porter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BROWN</hi>, George (24, porter)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-8-19081208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-8-19081208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-8-19081208" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def2-8-19081208" type="surname" value="SCOTT"/>
<interp inst="def2-8-19081208" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def2-8-19081208" type="occupation" value="porter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SCOTT</hi>, William (22, porter)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-8-19081208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-8-19081208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-8-19081208" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def3-8-19081208" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="def3-8-19081208" type="given" value="JACK"/>
<interp inst="def3-8-19081208" type="occupation" value="porter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JONES</hi>, Jack (34, porter)</persName>
<rs id="t19081208-8-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-8-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-8-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19081208-8-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-8-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-8-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, of breaking and enter
<lb/>ing the shop of
<persName id="t19081208-name-32" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-32" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-32" type="surname" value="NEWCOMBE"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-32" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19081208-8-offence-1 t19081208-name-32"/>William Newcombe</persName> and stealing therein six silk handkerchiefs, his goods.</rs> </p>
<p>The three prisoners had been convicted together at Guildhall on May 11, 1908, of shopbreaking and sentenced, Brown and Jones to six months' and Scott to three months' hard labour. Jones also received nine months at this Court on September 3, 1907, for shop
<lb/>breaking.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080008"/>
<p>Sentence: Scott
<rs id="t19081208-8-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-8-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-8-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-8-19081208 t19081208-8-punishment-7"/>Nine months' hard labour</rs>, Brown and Jones
<rs id="t19081208-8-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-8-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-8-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-8-19081208 t19081208-8-punishment-8"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-8-19081208 t19081208-8-punishment-8"/>15 months' hard labour</rs>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Tuesday, December 8.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19081208-9">
<interp inst="t19081208-9" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19081208"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-9" type="date" value="19081208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19081208-9-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-19081208 t19081208-9-offence-1 t19081208-9-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-9-19081208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-9-19081208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19081208" type="age" value="46"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19081208" type="surname" value="SCOTT"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19081208" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19081208" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SCOTT</hi>, Arthur (46, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19081208-9-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-9-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-9-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>; feloniously having in his posses
<lb/>sion certain moulds and tools adapted to make and impress the figure or apparent resemblance of the King's current coin called shillings; unlawfully having in his possession 22 pieces of counterfeit coin with intent to utter the same.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Wilkinson prosecuted.</p>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<persName id="t19081208-name-34" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-34" type="surname" value="CRUTCHETT"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-34" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CHARLES CRUTCHETT</hi> </persName>, T Division. On Novem
<lb/>ber 26 I went to 8, Harris Cottages, Worton Road, Isleworth (occu
<lb/>pied by prisoner), in company with two other officers at about 12 o'clock in the day time. The house was locked up. We gained admission to it. It consisted of two rooms, one downstairs and one up. In the lower room I found the butcher's knife (produced) with plaster of Paris on it, a paper containing white metal, and a small packet bound round with wire containing four pieces of antimony. Two moulds bearing the impression of a shilling were handed to me by the other officers, and 22 counterfeit shillings, some plaster of Paris, two pieces of white metal, an iron ladle containing dross, an old string bag, some broken plaster and a file. I was present when prisoner was charged. He made no reply.</p>
<p>Detective
<persName id="t19081208-name-35" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-35" type="surname" value="MULLINS"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-35" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HENRY MULLINS</hi> </persName>, T Division. On November 26 I was in company with last witness and Sergeant Charles at the house occupied by the prisoner. In the downstair room on the dresser I found a small three-cornered file which had apparently been used with white metal. On searching the coal cupboard under the stairs I found two moulds with the impress of both sides of a shilling, bearing date 1907. Behind the moulds, wrapped up in a piece of newspaper, I found 22 unfinished base shillings. Hanging on the wall was an old string bag, inside which was a ladle containing dross metal.</p>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<persName id="t19081208-name-36" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-36" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-36" type="surname" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-36" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROBERT CHARLES</hi> </persName>, T Division. In the downstair room I found a brown paper parcel containing a quantity of unused plaster of Paris and two small pieces of white metal. These articles were on the top shelf in the cupboard covered over with a quantity of old newspapers. In the grate, where there had been a fire, I found some pieces of broken plaster of Paris.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-37" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-37" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-37" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY HARRIS</persName> </hi>, house and estate agent, Twickenham Road, Isle
<lb/>worth, spoke to collecting rent from prisoner, the occupier of No. 8, Harris Cottages. Prisoner had been in occupation about five months and the rent was 4s. per week. Prisoner lived there with his two sons, lads of 12 and 10 years, and there was no other occupier or lodger.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080009"/>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM KIND</hi>, 368 T. I arrested prisoner on November 25. I searched him at the police station and found upon him seven sixpences and 1s. 9d. in bronze.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-38" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-38" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-38" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-38" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>, Inspector of Coins at the Mint, said the moulds produced were single moulds for a shilling of the date of 1907. The 22 counterfeit shillings produced were roughly cast and in an unfinished state; nine were from one mould and 13 from another. There was plaster of Paris attached to the knife produced. There was the remainder of molten metal in the ladle and some fresh plaster of Paris was produced. Amongst the white metal were four pieces of antimony, used with a small proportion of copper in the making of base coin. There was no impression of a coin on the fragments of moulds found in the fire place.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19081208-9-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-9-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-9-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Detective
<hi rend="smallCaps">MULLINS</hi> said he had known prisoner about eight years. Since he had been living at Harris Cottages he had mixed with coiners, and his next-door neighbour was now awaiting trial at the Middlesex Sessions for the same kind of offence. Prisoner was arrested for utter
<lb/>ing, being in company with this other man, but, there not being sufficient evidence, he was discharged, and it was while he was in custody that his house was searched. There had previously been complaints to the police that a number of base coins were being uttered in the district, and it was probable that coins had been sup
<lb/>plied to prisoner by those who had more to do with coining than prisoner himself had.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19081208-9-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-9-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-9-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-19081208 t19081208-9-punishment-9"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19081208-10">
<interp inst="t19081208-10" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19081208"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-10" type="date" value="19081208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19081208-10-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-19081208 t19081208-10-offence-1 t19081208-10-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-10-19081208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-10-19081208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19081208" type="age" value="50"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19081208" type="surname" value="EASY"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19081208" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19081208" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EASY</hi>, George (50, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19081208-10-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-10-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-10-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, uttering counterfeit coin twice on the same day.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Sands prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-40" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-40" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-40" type="surname" value="JAQUEST"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-40" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN JAQUEST</persName> </hi>, coal porter, Crescent Street, Notting Dale. I work for a man named Gobell, who has a coal shop at St. Catherine's Road. On November 10 prisoner came to the shop and asked for 14 1b. of coal and a handful of wood, the cost of the articles being 2 1/2 d. He tendered in payment what appeared to be a 2s. piece. I recognise the coin produced as the one tendered. It is marked by having been bitten or scratched. I tried it by bouncing it on the table and told prisoner it was bad. Ha said, "It is not." I did not test it in any other way. I was going to bite it, but prisoner asked me not to do it. I gave him the coin back, and I went out of the shop with the coals. I saw him again about quarter of an hour afterwards going in the direction where he lived.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-41" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-41" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-41" type="surname" value="JAQUEST"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-41" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM JAQUEST</persName> </hi>. I am brother of the last witness and was with him in Mr. Gobell's shop at a quarter to 10 on the morning of November 10. I saw what took place with regard to the coin. About a quarter of an hour after prisoner had left he came back to St. Catherine's Road and entered a general shop kept by Mrs. Brisley. I went in and spoke to Mrs. Brisley and afterwards went for a police
<lb/>man.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080010"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-42" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-42" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-42" type="surname" value="BRISLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-42" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>ELLEN BRISLEY</persName> </hi>, 14, Sala Road, Nottingdale, keeper of a chandler's shop. On the morning of November 10, about a quarter to 10, pri
<lb/>soner came into my shop and asked for a fag book, costing 1/2 d. He put down the 2s. piece produced and I gave him 1s. 11 1/2 d. change. I put the florin in my purse. He then went out of the shop. In con
<lb/>sequence of what was said to me by Mr. Jaquest, I looked at the florin and found it was bad and afterwards gave it to the "'tec." (Sergeant Buxton).</p>
<p>Police-sergeant
<persName id="t19081208-name-43" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-43" type="surname" value="BUXTON"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-43" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES BUXTON</hi> </persName>, X Division. On November 10, about 11 in the morning, I saw prisoner at 37, St. Catherine's Road, Notting Hill. I told him I was a police officer and should take him into custody for uttering a 2s. piece first at a coal shop and then at a small general shop about an hour previously. He replied, "I have never been down the road this morning, not me." I took him into custody, and on the way to the station the said, "You have made a mistake; I have not been down there this morning." Later on he said, "I am sorry I have got into this mess. I was hard up at the time or I would not have done it. They told me it was bad at the coal shop. I admit it. I was a fool to do such a thing. I am sorry. I hope you will do all you can for me." When the charge was read over to him at the station, he replied, "Yes, it is quite right."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-44" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-44" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-44" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-44" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>, of His Majesty's Mint, said the coin was a fair imitation.</p>
<p>Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">BUXTON</hi>, recalled, said that there was found on prisoner 6d. in silver and 5 1/2 d. in bronze, but no 1s. piece.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19081208-10-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-10-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-10-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>Guilty of a single uttering.</rs> </p>
<p>The Jury asked his Lordship to deal leniently with prisoner.</p>
<p>It was stated that there was no coining offence against him, but his general character was bad.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19081208-10-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-10-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-10-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-19081208 t19081208-10-punishment-10"/>Three months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19081208-11">
<interp inst="t19081208-11" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19081208"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-11" type="date" value="19081208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19081208-11-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-19081208 t19081208-11-offence-1 t19081208-11-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-11-19081208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-11-19081208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19081208" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19081208" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19081208" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19081208" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">TAYLOR</hi>, Robert (18, clerk)</persName>
<rs id="t19081208-11-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-11-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-11-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>; uttering, knowing the same to be forged, a certain order for the payment of money, to wit, a banker's cheque and order for the payment of £700, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Graham-Campbell prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-46" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-46" type="surname" value="FREEMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-46" type="given" value="JAMES PAYNE"/>JAMES PAYNE FREEMAN</persName> </hi>, cashier of Messrs. Robarts, Lubbock and Co., bankers, 15, Lombard Street. Joseph Trueman Mills keeps an account at the bank. On November 20 prisoner presented the cheque produced. It is drawn upon a sheet of blank paper and purports to be signed by Mills, payable to the order of G. Marshall, and it is so endorsed. I think the cheque was presented at about a quarter to 12, something like that. At the same time prisoner handed over a bit of paper, showing the way in which the cheque was to be cashed. There was written upon the paper, "1 £500 note, 2 £100 notes.—J.M." Mr. Mills had never to my knowledge drawn a cheque upon blank paper. I did not cash the cheque.</p>
<p>To the Common Serjeant. I know Mr. Mills's signature and the imitation is so good that if it had been upon a proper cheque form it is highly probable I should have paid the money. I am sure the signature is not his.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080011"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-47" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-47" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-47" type="surname" value="MILLS"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-47" type="given" value="JOSEPH TRUEMAN"/>JOSEPH TRUEMAN MILLS</persName> </hi>, Rugoy. I keep an account with Messrs. Robarts, Lubbock, and Co. I did not sign the cheque (produced) drawn on blank paper, nor was it signed by my authority. I have never in my life drawn a cheque on plain paper. The signature on the paper (produced) is an imitation of my signature and I should call it a good imitation. I sign, "J.T. Mills."</p>
<p>To Prisoner. I am not aware of having seen you before this case, I do not know anyone of the name of Marshall.</p>
<p>Inspector
<persName id="t19081208-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-48" type="surname" value="COLLISSON"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-48" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN COLLISSON</hi> </persName>, City Police. On November 20, about quarter past 12, Mr. Disney, managing clerk to Messrs. Stevens, solicitors, communicated with me and handed me a letter. I subse
<lb/>quently saw prisoner outside Messrs. Stevens's office in Ironmonger Lane about 12 o'clock. I told him I was a police officer and said to him, "You are in a very serious position. You will have to accompany me to the Euston Hotel, where we will try and find a man who, you say, sent you with this cheque." I went with prisoner and Mr. Disney to the hotel, where we kept observation for some time. Prisoner was unable to point out to me anybody who had given him the cheque. We then went back to the Old Jewry Police Station, where I showed him a letter in these terms. "Re advertise
<lb/>ment for clerk in 'Daily Telegraph,' October last. With reference to your application for above, if not suited I am prepared to engage you immediately at a weekly wage of £1 5s. per week to start with, upon arrival at Euston at 20 to 11 a.m., leaving Birmingham at 8.40. at the west wing. I will pay your expenses to town and see you upon arrival at Euston at 20 to 11 a.m. leaving Birmingham at 8.40. I enclose you stamped telegraph form. Please wire me if you cannot come. (Signed) G. Marshall." That is addressed to "Mr. Robert Taylor," and the address on the top of the letter is "2, Henrietta Street, Covent Garden, W.C." On the way to the station I asked prisoner for the envelope which had contained the letter and he said he had destroyed it. I asked him if he had the stamped telegraph form referred to in the letter. He said he had torn it up. After he got to the station he made this statement, which was taken down in writing: "I have resided with Mr. James Martin, whose address I refuse to give, for about two years. I have been out of work for about 12 months. I was for 12 months in the employment of Mr. John Burn, Temple Street, Birmingham. I do not remember the number in Temple Street. Mr. Burn has left Birmingham. I do not know his present address. He was a bookmaker. I have answered many advertisements for junior clerks and I received a letter by the last post on the 19th inst., in consequence of which I came to London this morning, leaving Birmingham at 8.40 a.m. I then went in search of lodgings and took a room at 13, Euston Street, Euston Square. I paid 2s. deposit. The landlady's name is Mrs. Patterson. I found my way to the Euston Hotel. Before I got to the west wing entrance a man of the following description, age about 40, 5
<hi rend="italic">ft.</hi> 7 in. in height, clean shaven, full face, pale com
<lb/>plexion, dressed in a dark blue overcoat and bowler hat, stopped me and said, 'Is your name Taylor?' I said, 'Yes.' The man said, 'I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080012"/>
<p>have taken offices at 2, Henrietta Street. Your hours will be nine till six.' Then he said, 'Do you know where Lombard Street is?' I said, 'It is near the Bank.' He said, 'That is right.' He then gave me an envelope containing a cheque and told me to take it to Robarts, Lubbock, and Co., Lombard Street. He also gave me a piece of paper. I took the train from Euston Station to the Bank and presented the cheque at Messrs. Robarts, Lubbock, and Co. 's bank." (Prisoner made a similar statement before the magistrate and in his evidence on oath, Question v.) There is no such address as 2, Henrietta Street. The first number is No. 3. Prisoner was subse
<lb/>quently charged with forging and uttering the cheque. He said he knew nothing about it. He was asked for his address at Birming
<lb/>ham, but refused to give it. The only address he gave was at Euston Street, where he had that morning engaged a room.</p>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<persName id="t19081208-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-49" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-49" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ERNEST THOMPSON</hi> </persName>, City Police, stated that he had made inquiries at 13, Euston Street, with the result that he found that prisoner had that morning engaged a bedroom and paid 2s. deposit.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-50" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-50" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT TAYLOR</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). For the past two years I have been living at Birmingham with a friend whose address I cannot give for very grave reasons. Unfortunately for me he is a commis
<lb/>sion agent, by which I mean a bookmaker, a betting man, and as he receives money by letter and by hand under cover inside his own room, he is liable to a fine of £100 as soon as he is found out. For the past three months I have answered several advertisements for junior clerks. On the evening of November 19 I received a letter from J. Marshall, 2, Henrietta Street, London, who wrote to say that if I was still out of employment he would engage me at £l 5s. per week, and if I entertained the offer I was to meet him at the west wing of the Euston Hotel at 11.15 the next day (Friday). On the next day I left Birmingham at 8.40 a.m., arriving at Euston at 10.40. I then went in search of lodgings and took a room at No. 13, Euston Street. I then went on to the Euston Hotel, where a gentle
<lb/>man of the following description came up to me: Short and stout, full face, fresh complexion, clean shaven, height about 5
<hi rend="italic">ft</hi>. 7 in., age about 40. He was wearing a dark blue overcoat and bowler hat and impressed me very much as being a well
<lb/>educated gentleman. He shock hands with me and asked me whether my name was Taylor. I told him it was. He then told me he had taken offices in Henrietta Street and said, "Your hours will be from nine till six and you can consider yourself engaged." He then asked me whether I knew where Lombard Street was. I told him I knew it was near the Bank. He said that was right and gave me that cheque inside an envelope. It was written on a sheet of notepaper and he directed me to take it to Robarts, Lubbock, and Co. 's Bank, Lombard Street, and to return to the Euston Hotel after I had been there. I left him and went to Robarts, Lubbock, and Co. 's Bank, where I handed in the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080013"/>
<p>cheque. On the clerk looking at it he went away, and on returning in a minute he requested me to take a seat. After waiting two or three minutes I left the bank with Mr. Disney and went to the police office in Old Jewry, where we were joined by Detective-inspector Collisson. Afterwards we got into a cab and drove to Euston. On the way Collisson told me I had fallen into a nest of scoundrels. He told me when I got out of the cab that I was to go back to the Euston Hotel and to ignore Mr. Disney and himself and to hold my hand over my pocket as if I had money in it. I followed out Collisson's instructions and he and Mr. Disney followed close behind me. I inquired for Mr. Marshall of the hall porter, and he told me to go and look for myself. I went all over the hotel, but could not find him. I waited about for a long time, but Mr. Marshall did not put in an appearance. On the way back to Old Jewry in the Tube, Collisson told me I was in a very serious position, having presented a cheque at Messrs. Robarts, Lubbock, and Co. 's Bank which was a forgery. I replied that I certainly had presented the cheque, but as I did not know it to be a forgery when I presented it, I had nothing to be afraid of. At the Old Jewry Collisson asked me for all parti
<lb/>culars and I gave them to him. Then he asked me for my address in Birmingham and I told him I could not give it. He then told me I should be detained and charged over the cheque.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I understand that this is a very serious charge that is being made against me, much more serious than that of keep
<lb/>ing a betting house. I still decline to give my address in Bir
<lb/>mingham for the reason I have given. Mr. Martin is still in Bir
<lb/>mingham, but carries on business as a bookmaker in another name. If I gave his address he would have to chuck his business up. I have not asked him to give evidence on my behalf. I lived with him in Birmingham for two years. Before that I was living in London. I have never been in Rugby and did not know until to-day that Mr. Mills lives there. When I was living in London I lived at Walham Green. I have not got the advertisement I answered. I wrote to a box at the "Daily Telegraph" office as follows: "In answer to your advertisement in the 'Daily Telegraph,' I beg to offer my services. I am 18 years of age, have a good knowledge of the City and West End, and can make myself generally useful.—Yours truly,
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROBERT TAYLOR."</hi> I did not give any references. Mr. Martin would have given me a reference. I accidentally destroyed the envelope in which Mr. Marshall's letter was enclosed, together with the telegraph form, upon which there was a 6d. stamp. There, was the name of some post office on the telegraph form, but I did not take notice what it was. It did not strike me as peculiar that Marshall should be prepared to engage me immediately at £1 5s. per week. I seriously thought I was so far engaged that I could take rooms on the strength of it. Before I left Birmingham I asked my friend to send me on my luggage and clean linen at the end of the week, when he would have my address. It did not strike me as strange that Mr. Marshall should entrust me with a cheque for £700 the first time he had seen me; I thought nothing of it. I did not know it was a cheque for</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080014"/>
<p>£700 until I opened the envelope in the Tube. I was to go back to the hotel with the money. I account for Mr. Marshall not being at the hotel to receive the money by supposing that he must have had me followed and that when I was seen to come out of the bank with Mr. Disney he was warned of it.</p>
<p>Mr. Graham-Campbell. I will give you one more chance. Are you disposed to disclose the address in Birmingham where you resided?</p>
<p>Prisoner. No; I see no reason why I should give the address of a friend who is a bookmaker.</p>
<p>The Common Serjeant. You do not see the reason. The reason is that you are on your trial for felony, for which, if you are found guilty, I may have to send you for a long term of penal servitude. The reason is that certain things may be thought of you if you do not give the address.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19081208-11-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-11-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-11-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty of uttering the cheque knowing it to be a bad one.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Graham-Campbell said the police had been unable to find out anything about prisoner owing to his refusal to give his address.</p>
<p>The Common Serjeant said he would deal with prisoner as not having been convicted before and sentence him to
<rs id="t19081208-11-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-11-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-11-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-19081208 t19081208-11-punishment-11"/>twelve months' hard labour</rs>, the reason for not passing a sentence of penal servitude being that, in the opinion of the Commissioners present, someone worse was behind prisoner.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RECORDER</hi>.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, December 9.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19081208-12">
<interp inst="t19081208-12" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19081208"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-12" type="date" value="19081208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19081208-12-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-19081208 t19081208-12-offence-1 t19081208-12-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19081208-12-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-12-19081208 t19081208-12-offence-1 t19081208-12-verdict-2"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-12-19081208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-12-19081208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19081208" type="age" value="43"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19081208" type="surname" value="KEAR"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19081208" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19081208" type="occupation" value="traveller"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">KEAR</hi>, Henry, otherwise
<rs id="t19081208-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-19081208 t19081208-alias-1"/> Robert Johnson </rs>(43, traveller)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-12-19081208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-12-19081208" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-12-19081208" type="age" value="46"/>
<interp inst="def2-12-19081208" type="surname" value="BALL"/>
<interp inst="def2-12-19081208" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>
<interp inst="def2-12-19081208" type="occupation" value="housekeeper"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BALL</hi>, Annie (46, housekeeper)</persName>;
<rs id="t19081208-12-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-12-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-12-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>both stealing one sewing machine, value £10; one sewing machine, value £10 10s.; and another sewing machine, value £10s., the goods in each case of the Singer Manu
<lb/>facturing Company, limited. Kear, conspiring and agreeing with
<persName id="t19081208-name-53" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-53" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-53" type="surname" value="BALL"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-53" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19081208-12-offence-1 t19081208-name-53"/>Annie Ball</persName> and other persons whose names are unknown to steal the said sewing machines. Kear, obtaining by a forged receipt, know
<lb/>ing the same to be forged, from
<persName id="t19081208-name-54" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-54" type="surname" value="FOLKARD"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-54" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19081208-12-offence-1 t19081208-name-54"/>Thomas Folkard</persName>, the sum of £2 10s., with intent to defraud. Kear, obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t19081208-name-55" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-55" type="surname" value="FRY"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-55" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19081208-12-offence-1 t19081208-name-55"/>Frederick Fry</persName> the sum of £7 10s., with intent to defraud. Ball, receiving the said sewing machines well knowing the same to have been stolen. Ball, conspiring with
<persName id="t19081208-name-56" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-56" type="surname" value="KEAR"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-56" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19081208-12-offence-1 t19081208-name-56"/>Henry Kear</persName> and others to steal the said sewing machines. Ball, stealing one sewing machine, value £6 10s., the goods of the
<persName id="t19081208-name-57" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-57" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19081208-12-offence-1 t19081208-name-57"/>Singer Manufacturing Company, Limited</persName>. Ball, uttering to
<persName id="t19081208-name-58" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-58" type="surname" value="WELLS"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-58" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19081208-12-offence-1 t19081208-name-58"/>Henry Wells</persName> a forged receipt for the payment of money, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Lawless prosecuted</p>
<p>Kear
<rs id="t19081208-12-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-12-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-12-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>pleaded Guilty of obtaining £7 10s. from Frederick Fry</rs>. Ball
<rs id="t19081208-12-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-12-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-12-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>pleaded Guilty of obtaining £1 15s. from Wade, a pawnbroker, by means of a forged instrument.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence. Kear,
<rs id="t19081208-12-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-12-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-12-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-19081208 t19081208-12-punishment-12"/>10 months' hard labour</rs>; Ball,
<rs id="t19081208-12-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-12-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-12-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-12-19081208 t19081208-12-punishment-13"/>Three months in the second division.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19081208-13">
<interp inst="t19081208-13" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19081208"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-13" type="date" value="19081208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19081208-13-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-19081208 t19081208-13-offence-1 t19081208-13-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080015"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-13-19081208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-13-19081208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19081208" type="age" value="41"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19081208" type="surname" value="DICKS"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19081208" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19081208" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DICKS</hi>, Albert (41, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19081208-13-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-13-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-13-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19081208-13-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-13-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-13-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/>, of attempting to break and enter the dwelling house of
<persName id="t19081208-name-60" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-60" type="surname" value="REYNOLDS"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-60" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19081208-13-offence-1 t19081208-name-60"/>Albert Reynolds</persName>, with intent to commit a felony therein. Being found by night, having in his possession, without lawful excuse, a certain implement of house
<lb/>breaking—to wit, one jemmy. Assaulting
<persName id="t19081208-name-61" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-61" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-61" type="surname" value="WOODARD"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-61" type="given" value="MORETON"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19081208-13-offence-1 t19081208-name-61"/>Moreton Woodard</persName>, a peace officer, with intent to resist the lawful apprehension of himself.</rs> He confessed to having been convicted of felony at Clerkenwell Sessions on June 5, 1906.</p>
<p>Three previous convictions were proved; said to be a professional burglar and the associate of a number of men sentenced to very long terms of penal servitude for burglary with violence.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19081208-13-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-13-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-13-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-19081208 t19081208-13-punishment-14"/>Seven years' penal servitude</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19081208-14">
<interp inst="t19081208-14" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19081208"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-14" type="date" value="19081208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19081208-14-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-19081208 t19081208-14-offence-1 t19081208-14-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-14-19081208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-14-19081208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19081208" type="age" value="46"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19081208" type="surname" value="WEBSDALE"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19081208" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19081208" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WEBSDALE</hi>, Walter (46, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19081208-14-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-14-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-14-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19081208-14-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-14-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-14-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, of stealing one postal order for the payment and of the value of 5s., the goods of
<persName id="t19081208-name-63" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-63" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-63" type="surname" value="CLANCY"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-63" type="given" value="LILIAN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19081208-14-offence-1 t19081208-name-63"/>Lilian Clancy</persName>. Forging and uttering, well knowing the same to be forged, a receipt for the payment of money—to wit, a signature on a postal order for the payment of 5s., with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>The police gave prisoner a good character as an industrious man.</p>
<p>The Recorder, dealing with it as an isolated case of sudden tempta
<lb/>tion, passed a sentence of
<rs id="t19081208-14-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-14-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-14-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-19081208 t19081208-14-punishment-15"/>Two days' imprisonment</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19081208-15">
<interp inst="t19081208-15" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19081208"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-15" type="date" value="19081208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19081208-15-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19081208 t19081208-15-offence-1 t19081208-15-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19081208-15-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-15-19081208 t19081208-15-offence-1 t19081208-15-verdict-2"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-15-19081208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-15-19081208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19081208" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19081208" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19081208" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19081208" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILSON</hi>, Edward, otherwise
<rs id="t19081208-alias-2" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19081208 t19081208-alias-2"/> Lewis </rs>(25, labourer)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-15-19081208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-15-19081208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-15-19081208" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def2-15-19081208" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="def2-15-19081208" type="given" value="FRANK"/>
<interp inst="def2-15-19081208" type="occupation" value="carman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRIS</hi>, Frank, otherwise
<rs id="t19081208-alias-3" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-15-19081208 t19081208-alias-3"/> Seaman </rs>(28, carman)</persName>
<rs id="t19081208-15-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-15-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-15-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>; both stealing two rolls of cloth, the goods of
<persName id="t19081208-name-66" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-66" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-66" type="surname" value="HITCHENS"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-66" type="given" value="EDWIN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19081208-15-offence-1 t19081208-name-66"/>Edwin Hitchens</persName> and others.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Bohn prosecuted.</p>
<p>Wilson
<rs id="t19081208-15-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-15-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-15-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> pleaded guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-67" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-67" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-67" type="surname" value="COE"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-67" type="given" value="JAMES BLANEY"/>JAMES BLANEY COE</persName> </hi>, salesman to Hitchens and Co., 64, Friday Street, E.C. On November 24, 1908, at about 1.30 p.m., I was writing in the warehouse when I saw two men suddenly leaving the door, each with a roll of cloth under his arm. The two pieces of cloth produced are the property of my firm, which I identify by the marks, number of yards, etc. I followed and saw Wilson arrested. I only saw the backs of the men. I cannot identify Harris; the second man was about his height.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The other man was described at the Mansion House as wearing an overcoat. I did not so describe him.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<persName id="t19081208-name-68" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-68" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-68" type="surname" value="BARR"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-68" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN BARR</hi> </persName>, 569 City. On November 24, at about 1.40 p.m., upon information received, I followed two men who were walking very fast, each carrying a roll of cloth on the left shoulder. I arrested Wilson. I saw only the back of the second man and cannot identify him—he was dressed similarly to Harris. At 3.40 p.m. I saw Harris at the police station. He confessed to being concerned with Wilson in stealing two rolls of cloth that afternoon. He was then charged and made no reply.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not say the second man was wearing an overcoat. The question was put to me by Harris, and I said the second man had been described as wearing an overcoat—that was by somebody who saw him run away; I do not know. I would not swear whether he was wearing an overcoat or not; I only saw his back when I was struggling with Wilson.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080016"/>
<p>Police-constable
<persName id="t19081208-name-69" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-69" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-69" type="surname" value="KITCHENER"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-69" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES KITCHENER</hi> </persName>, 501 City. I was at the station when Harris said, "I confess to being concerned with Wilson in custody in the stealing of the two rolls of cloth this afternoon." He was taken to the cells by me, he passed Wilson's cell, saw him through the railing, and said to him, "Hullo, Ted, I have given myself up."</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I was not present when the prisoner Harris entered the station, but I was there when he made the confession. I took him to the cells. I do not know what Wilson said in reply—I did not hear him make any further remark. I did not hear the detective say to Wilson, "Don't you be tricky," and order him to be removed to a cell at the other end. (To the Jury.) The grating of the cells is an open railing six feet high.</p>
<p>Inspector
<persName id="t19081208-name-70" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-70" type="surname" value="WHEELDON"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-70" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE WHEELDON</hi> </persName>, City Police. On November 24, at 4.20 p.m., Harris entered the Cloak Lane Police Station, came to the desk where I was writing and looked over. I said, "What is it, please?" He said, "I see you have the stuff up there "—the two rolls of cloth were on a shelf—"I have come to give myself up for stealing them." I said, "Then you will be charged with Edward Wilson, who is in custody." He replied, "All right." I told him to sit down and sent for Police-constable Barr, who placed him in the dock; he was then charged. Wilson was not brought back as he had been charged two hours previously. In reply to the charge he said, "I confess to being concerned with Edward Wilson in steal
<lb/>ing the two rolls of cloth this afternoon." He was then placed in the cell. He pointed to the two rolls of cloth on the shelf; there were other things on the adjoining shelf.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-71" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-71" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-71" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK HARRIS</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I am a barman. On November 24, at about 1.45 p.m., I was in Cheapside when I saw a man I now know as Wilson together with another man going rapidly along each carrying a roll of cloth like the two produced. I followed them from Friday Street to the General Post Office, when Wilson was stopped by a police-constable; the other man was some 30 or 40 yards in front. Wilson dropped the cloth and tried to get away; the other man dashed down St. Martin's-le-Grand—I did not see him drop his parcel. I followed the police with Wilson to Cloak Lane, hung about there for a quarter of an hour and saw a youth come in earning the other bundle of cloth. I then had a walk round Cheapside, and, coming back, I asked two hawkers and a newspaper seller if they had caught the other man and they said, "No—is he a mate of yours?" I said, "Yes." I had had no lodging and had been walking about for two days without food, so I thought I would go in and surrender myself, which I did. What the Inspector and the other officer have said is quite true. I gave myself up for the purpose of getting a lodging and some food. I had had nothing to eat and had been walking about for two days and two nights. Under the circumstances I should have given myself</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080017"/>
<p>up for anything. I said to the other prisoner as I was pasting the cell, "Hullo, Ted, I have given myself up." I did that because the Inspector seemed very doubtful about taking me, so knowing Wilson's name was Edward I said that. Wilson said, "Who are you? I do not know you." A plain clothes detective said to Wilson, "Don't you try and be tricky; it is on his own confession," and told the goaler to shift Wilson from the cell he was in, which was next to the one I was in, right up to the other end of the passage, because he would not acknowledge me—it was petty spite of him.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I know the City very well. Cheapside is very crowded at times. (To the Recorder.) I did not say anything to the police the next morning—I waited until I got in front of the magistrate and until I heard the evidence given against me. I did not notice that the witnesses swore they had only seen my back and that there was no evidence of identity except my confession. After I had had a night's lodging in the police cell I came to my senses. At the time I should have given myself up for murder to get a night's lodging. I gave my evidence the following morning, Novem
<lb/>ber 25, and stated the reason I had made the confession. If the depositions show I did not give my evidence till the remand on December 1, I told the magistrate on November 25. (To Mr. Bohn.) I followed the men from Friday Street to the Post Office. I thought they had stolen the cloth. I said nothing to the police-constable when Wilson was arrested—it was nothing to do with me.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<persName id="t19081208-name-72" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-72" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-72" type="surname" value="BARR"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-72" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN BARR</hi> </persName>, recalled. On November 25 I was the only witness examined and the case was remanded to December 1; then the other witnesses were-Examined. I had not heard that the prisoner was going to say be had made a false confession. In cross-examining me he asked if he had worn an overcoat—that was the only allusion. It was on December 1, after the other witnesses were called, and there was no evidence of identity except his own confes
<lb/>sion, that Harris went into the box and said his confession was false.</p>
<p>Prisoner recalled. It is true that, after a night's reflection, I decided to withdraw my confession. I thought I had gone into the box on November 25, but I was not called to go into the box then. I cross-examined the witnesses to show I was not guilty.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-73" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-73" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-73" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-73" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD WILSON</persName> </hi> (prisoner). I have pleaded guilty to stealing this roll of cloth. Harris is not the man that was with me. I had never seen him until he came into the cells at 4.30 p.m. on November 24. As he passed my cell with an officer in plain clothes and a police
<lb/>constable he said. "Hullo, Ted." I said, "I do not know you. I do know what you are talking about." The plain clothes officer said, "Don't be tricky," or "funny," and had me removed to a cell at the further end of the passage. About half an hour afterwards I heard Morris walking up and down the cell talking to himself and saying, "I don't care if they hang me—I don't care what they do with me." He denied the charge on the following morning to the Magis
<lb/>trate. He did not go into the box, but he denied being the man who was with me.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080018"/>
<p>Police-constable
<persName id="t19081208-name-74" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-74" type="surname" value="BARR"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-74" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN BARR</hi> </persName>, recalled. The case was taken on November 25 before Alderman Howse, adjourned to December 1 before the Lord Mayor, when my evidence was read over. I did not hear Harris say he was not the man before Alderman Howse; I think not—I would not be sure.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-75" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-75" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-75" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD WILSON</persName> </hi>, recalled. Cross-examined. I never saw Harris before 4.30 on November 25. I went as quickly up Cheapside as I could. When I went into the shop I saw that someone had seen me take the cloth. I am known as "Ted." I know the man who was with me. I decline to tell who it is, because I will not; I do not wish to. Harris is not the man. I do not know where the other man lives—I do not know him particularly well.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HARRIS</hi> (to the Jury). I can only say that I was destitute and had nowhere to go. I knew that I could not be punished for making a false confession and that I should get a night's lodging and some
<lb/>thing to eat. Now I have had a fortnight in prison and come to my senses I find it was a silly thing to do. I did not know what to do then, and I do not consider I was really accountable for my actions at the time I gave myself up.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t19081208-15-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-15-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="miscVerdict"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-15-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noAgreement"/>The Jury, having retired for one and three-quarter hours, were unable to agree and were discharged; Harris was remanded to next Session.</rs> </p>
<p>Wilson confessed to having been convicted at Bow Street on June 19, 1908, receiving two months' hard labour, for larceny. Convic
<lb/>tions proved: Guildhall, September 15, 1908, Two months for un
<lb/>lawful possession of bacon.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19081208-15-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-15-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-15-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19081208 t19081208-15-punishment-16"/>20 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19081208-16">
<interp inst="t19081208-16" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19081208"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-16" type="date" value="19081208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19081208-16-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-19081208 t19081208-16-offence-1 t19081208-16-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-16-19081208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-16-19081208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19081208" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19081208" type="surname" value="STANDING"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19081208" type="given" value="AUSTIN REGINALD"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19081208" type="occupation" value="footman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">STANDING</hi>, Austin Reginald (24, footman)</persName>
<rs id="t19081208-16-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-16-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-16-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19081208-16-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-16-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-16-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="libel"/>, of, on
<rs id="t19081208-cd-6" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19081208-16-offence-1 t19081208-cd-6"/>November 18, 1908</rs>, and divers subsequent dates, unlawfully publish
<lb/>ing certain, obscene libels.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence
<rs id="t19081208-16-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-16-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-16-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-19081208 t19081208-16-punishment-17"/>15 months' imprisonment</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19081208-17">
<interp inst="t19081208-17" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19081208"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-17" type="date" value="19081208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19081208-17-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-19081208 t19081208-17-offence-1 t19081208-17-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19081208-17-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-17-19081208 t19081208-17-offence-1 t19081208-17-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-17-19081208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-17-19081208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19081208" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19081208" type="surname" value="GRANT"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19081208" type="given" value="HAMILTON BRUCE"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19081208" type="occupation" value="agent"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GRANT</hi>, Hamilton Bruce (21, agent)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-17-19081208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-17-19081208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-17-19081208" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def2-17-19081208" type="surname" value="PIERCEY"/>
<interp inst="def2-17-19081208" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<interp inst="def2-17-19081208" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PIERCEY</hi>, Arthur (21, clerk)</persName>
<rs id="t19081208-17-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-17-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-17-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>; both forging and uttering, knowing the same to be forged, certain receipts for goods—to wit, two bills of lading for 40 bales of cotton blankets, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Wing prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-79" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-79" type="surname" value="JANSSENS"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-79" type="given" value="JEAN"/>JEAN JANSSENS</persName> </hi>, of John P. Best and Co., Antwerp, shipping agents for Donald Currie and Co., Union Castle Line. The "Avondale Castle" sailed from Antwerp for Durban on October 17, 1908, calling at Southampton. Erfurt and Co., Antwerp, shipped to us by her 40 bales of cotton blankets marked kc✗ for which I produce the genuine bills of lading, which were handed to me on December 7 by Erfurt. Bills of lading, dated October 24, 1908, are forgeries. The steamer was in Southampton on that date. We should be respon
<lb/>sible to Erfurt for the freight, £31 15s. 11d., and should pay that amount on the production of the genuine bills of lading.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-80" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-80" type="surname" value="CARR"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-80" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS CARR</persName> </hi>, freight manager. Donald Currie and Co. The "Avondale Castle" left Antwerp by the morning tide on Sunday,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080019"/>
<p>October 18. The bills of lading produced, purporting to be upon forms of my company, are not on the form used for shipments from Ant
<lb/>werp; I should say there would be a very remote chance of the goods being delivered at Durban on these bills of lading; they are irregular. The master would have nothing to do with the delivery of the goods; our agents would see to that; they would have the master's copy of the original bill of lading, which should correspond in every particular with the three signed originals, otherwise the goods would not be delivered except through negligence of the clerk. Bills produced are dated October 24, the day the "Avondale Castle" left Southampton for South Africa. The original bills of lading issued at Antwerp were dated October 17, i.e., a week before the steamer got into Southampton. The freight purported to be prepaid on the false bills of lading.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. These forms are irregular. It would not be ac
<lb/>cording to practice for our agents to accept such forms; the words are practically the same; the colour is different; they are dated in London, whereas our bills of lading would be dated in Antwerp; they are altered to "Antwerp" in this bill of lading. Antwerp bills of lading are not obtainable in London. The master does not sign the bill of lading—our agents sign them. The freight on the goods has been paid by Erfurt and Co. in Antwerp, and we should have no lien on the goods. The original bills of lading being made out to Israel and Co. would not be negotiable until signed by them.</p>
<p>Re-examined. Looking at the original bills of lading produced, that is the correct form for shipments made at Antwerp. It is not customary to retain the bills of lading until the freight is paid, because the agents give credit when they know who they are dealing with; there is no hard and fast rule about it.</p>
<p>(Thursday, December 10.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-81" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-81" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-81" type="surname" value="ESSEN"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-81" type="given" value="VERNON"/>VERNON ESSEN</persName> </hi>, 6, Carlton Parade, Herne Hill, clerk to Rumball, stockbroker, Copthall House, Copthall Avenue. I know prisoners as shipping agents. On November 9, when I went to lunch, Piercey was apparently waiting for me outside the building. He asked me to take letter produced to H. and J. Israel, Limited, Moorgate Street Chambers, Moorfields—they are shipping agents, I think. Envelope produced contained the letter; it has printed on the beck, "Grant and Ramus," whom I have known as the prisoners' firm in Mincing Lane. The envelope was gummed down. I took it to Israel and waited for an answer, as Piercey had directed me. Mr. Israel opened the letter. took out some large papers, gave me certain instructions, and I returned to my office. I cannot remember if I saw Piercey on my return or in the evening—he lived near me and I certainly saw him in the evening. I told him that Mr. Israel said, "I cannot give you a cheque, I must see my solicitor about the matter." Piercey said he would probably want me to go again to Mr. Israel on the morrow. I have known both prisoners for about five months. I took the letter to oblige them. The next morning I saw prisoners outside my house</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080020"/>
<p>and we went up to business together by tram. Grant or Piercey said he would want me to take another letter to Mr. Israel. I went to my office. As I went to lunch I met Piercey again and he gave me another letter to take to Israel, which I did. Mr. Israel opened the letter and retained its contents, and in consequence of his instruc
<lb/>tions I went to Moor Lane Police Station with Mr. Israel, his clerk, and a detective, who was waiting at Mr. Israel's. I remained at the station for two hours, when the prisoners were brought in and charged. I went before the Alderman at the Guildhall next morning and gave evidence.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Grant. I made a mistake. I did not see Piercey outside my office on November 9. I went to prisoners' office, saw them both there and received the letter for Mr. Israel; it was gummed down; Mr. Israel opened it. I do not remember whether prisoners went there with me; I am certain the letter was gummed down and was opened by Mr. Israel. (To Piercey.) you did not give me any letter addressed to myself. (To the Recorder.) Until the proceedings at the police court I never saw the contents of that letter; I never knew there was a letter addressed to me inside the envelope.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">H.J. ISRAEL</hi>, Moorgate Street Chambers, merchant. I know Grant as a member of Grant and Ramus, shipping agents, Market Building, Mincing Lane. I do not know Piercey. On October 21 my firm received a letter from Messrs. Grant and Ramus, "Dear Sirs, ✗kc 6894-6933. We herewith enclose freight account together with bills of 40 bales cotton blankets shipped under the above mark, per steamship "Avondale Castle," and shall be glad to have cheque for same.—Yours faithfully, Grant and Ramus. 5,560 kilos, 37s. 6d.—£28 18s. 3d.; bills of lading, 2s.; £29 0s. 3d." I was then at South
<lb/>port and the letter was forwarded to me. On November 9 Essen brought me letter and envelope (produced) unopened. I had never seen Essen before or known his name. The envelope contained this letter: "Grant and Ramus, agents for O.W. Morcum and Co., Antwerp, Market Buildings, Mincing Lane, London, November 9, 1908.—My dear Essen,—I enclose the bills of lading as arranged. If you take these to Messrs. H.J. Israel, Limited, Moorgate Street Chambers, they will give you cash. Thanking you very much for your assistance.—Believe me, yours faithfully, A. Ramus." The envelope also contained the two forged bills of lading in respect of "40 bales cotton blankets ✗kc 6894/6933, via Durban, freight paid. I said something to Essen and he went away, the next morning he brought another letter from Grant and Ramus: "Dear sirs,—We much regret the delay and inconvenience caused by our not being able to hand you bills of lading of 40 bales cotton blankets shipped per steamship "Avondale Castle" to Durban, October 24, 1908, and beg to say we will pay any charges that are incurred by</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080021"/>
<p>the delay. Our Mr. Ramus is going to Antwerp to-morrow and will see the steamship company's agents, and get them to wire that bills of lading are coming by this week's mail. Assuring you that our best services are always at your disposal, and apologising for the inconvenience caused.—Yours faithfully, Grant and Ramus." I had made inquiries as to the genuineness of the bills of lading and had a detective waiting. We proceeded to Moor Lane Police Station. I swore an information and two hours later the prisoners were brought in and charged; I went before the magistrate the following morning.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Grant. The 40 bales of cotton blankets are a portion of a contract I have for South Africa, which are to be delivered at Durban by a certain date. I have taken precautions to have the goods taken up at the other end; £29 0s. 3d. is the amount of the charges on the 40 bales, which have been sent to South Africa by Erfurt and Co., your agents by your instructions. You are liable to Erfurt's for the freight, and we are liable to you when you hand us the original bills of lading, which are the receipt for goods and freight. I do not owe you anything unless you produce the original bills of lading. I would have paid you the money had you done so. My clerk, Tucker, told me that you had called and asked for a cheque. He did not say that you had asked for a cheque which he could stop until you gave up the original bills of lading. Tucker is not in Court.</p>
<p>Detective
<persName id="t19081208-name-82" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-82" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-82" type="surname" value="BORD"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-82" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HENRY BORD</hi> </persName>, City Police. On November 10 I went with Detective Dancer and Mr. Israel to 2, Market Buildings, Minc
<lb/>ing Lane; on the third floor, room 164, was the name of "Grant and Ramus." I entered the room, saw the prisoners, and said, "Is Mr. Grant in?" Grant said, "Yes, I am Grant." Turning to Piercey I said, "I believe your name is Piercey?" He said, "Yes." I then called Dancer and Israel inside and said, "This is Mr. Israel and we are police officers. We have a youth named Essen detained at Moor Lane Police Station, who, on two or three occasions, has been to Mr. Israel's offices at Moorgate Street Chambers with a letter and two bills of lading purporting to be held by Grant and Ramus. Those bills are forgeries and you will be both arrested for attempting to obtain £29 0s. 3d. by means of those bills." They made no reply. I said, "I shall search your office." Grant said, "We would like the boy to be liberated. We will take all the responsibility." Piercey said, "Yes, he is innocent. I gave him the letter and the bills. He does not know the nature of the letter or the contents. I and he," pointing to Grant, "did it between us. Essen does not know there it anything wrong." I then asked Grant, "Is there a Ramus in the firm?" He said, "There is. I have not seen him for a month or six weeks, and I do not know where he is." I then took possession of a quantity of letters and a letter-book con
<lb/>taining press copy of the letter, which has been read, of October 21. They were taken to Moor Lane, charged, and made no reply. Essen was liberated, and subsequently called as a witness. The prisoners were searched. Grant had no money upon him; Piercey had 1 1/2 d. On the following morning, on the way to the Court, Piercey said,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080022"/>
<p>"I have been signing as Ramus." At the police station, before they were charged, Grant said that Piercey had been with, him about six weeks and was his clerk. They both gave correct addresses—they really had no lodgings but were allowed by a confectioner to sleep on some chairs at the back of his shop. Their office is a room at £25 per annum. I found there five letters from Erfurt and Co., Antwerp, to Grant and Ramus (produced and read, referring to the sale and shipment of blankets amounting to £78 13s. 5d., and demand
<lb/>ing payment of £20, and approved bankers' bill for balance before delivering bills of lading).</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Piercey. You may have said you were going to Antwerp; you said you signed as Ramus.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">H.J. ISRAEL</hi>, recalled. I knew Grant as representing the firm of Morcum, of Antwerp—he was formerly a clerk there. I did not know he had started in business on his own account, or that he had ceased to be a clerk.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-83" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-83" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-83" type="surname" value="GRANT"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-83" type="given" value="HAMILTON BRUCE"/>HAMILTON BRUCE GRANT</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I am a shipping agent, carrying on business at 2, Market Buildings, Mincing Lane. We admit that these bills are duplicates—they are forgeries—but we had no intention of defrauding. We owed Erfurt and Co.£78 odd. We made arrangements with Erfurt and Co. for them to accept £20 cash and a bill for the remainder, and we could not do this because we had not the £20—we could not get the bills; Messrs. Israel would not hand us the money that they owed us because they had not the bills; so we did not know what to do; so we made out these forgeries to enable us to get the £20 so as to be able to give Erfurt and Co. the £20 and the bill in order to enable us to get the right bills of lading. Piercey wrote the letter to Essen. I did not know it was enclosed in the letter with the bills, but I should have agreed to it had I known. Of course, I knew it was not an honest way of getting money, but I had no intention whatever of defrauding—my only idea was to get £20 to enable me to get the bills. The transaction fell through because the agents in Antwerp refused to send the goods without the £20. I tried to get the amount from another person.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-84" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-84" type="surname" value="PIERCEY"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-84" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR PIERCEY</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I remember Grant on October 22 going round to Messrs. Israel and asking them to give him a crossed cheque and stop it until he could hand them these bills of lading. I telephoned the next week to ask if Mr. Israel was up—he was not up. Grant sent Essen to a friend to see if he would lend him the money to enable him to get these original bills of lading, but he could not do it, so the bills of lading had to be got somehow. I did not do the whole of the forging. I did part of it and Grant did the other part. I wrote the letter to Essen, enclosed it in the envelope. I cannot dispute that Mr. Israel opened the envelope. As far as we were concerned, there was no intention to defraud. If Mr. Israel had paid us the money he would only have paid us really</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080023"/>
<p>what he owed us, because he has obtained the goods. I did not think anything about the forging. I thought everything would be in order in the course of two or three days.</p>
<p>Prisoners both repeated to the Jury that they had no intention to defraud; that Israel and Co. would have got the goods and would only have paid the freight due.</p>
<p>Verdict, Both
<rs id="t19081208-17-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-17-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-17-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>guilty</rs>. Sentence: Grant,
<rs id="t19081208-17-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-17-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-17-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-19081208 t19081208-17-punishment-18"/>18 months' hard labour</rs>: Piercey,
<rs id="t19081208-17-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-17-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-17-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-17-19081208 t19081208-17-punishment-19"/>12 months' hard labour.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, December 9.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19081208-18">
<interp inst="t19081208-18" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19081208"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-18" type="date" value="19081208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19081208-18-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-19081208 t19081208-18-offence-1 t19081208-18-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-18-19081208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-18-19081208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19081208" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19081208" type="surname" value="MILLS"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19081208" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19081208" type="occupation" value="carman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MILLS</hi>, William (25, carman)</persName>
<rs id="t19081208-18-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-18-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-18-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19081208-18-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-18-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-18-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/>, of stealing one mare, the goods of
<persName id="t19081208-name-86" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-86" type="surname" value="HOLMES"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-86" type="given" value="JOSEPH HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19081208-18-offence-1 t19081208-name-86"/>Joseph Henry Holmes</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence.
<rs id="t19081208-18-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-18-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-18-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-19081208 t19081208-18-punishment-20"/>Twelve months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19081208-19">
<interp inst="t19081208-19" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19081208"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-19" type="date" value="19081208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19081208-19-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-19-19081208 t19081208-19-offence-1 t19081208-19-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-19-19081208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-19-19081208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19081208" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19081208" type="surname" value="WINKS"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19081208" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19081208" type="occupation" value="gardener"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WINKS</hi>, George (33, gardener)</persName>
<rs id="t19081208-19-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-19-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-19-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, indicted for feloniously wounding
<persName id="t19081208-name-88" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-88" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-88" type="surname" value="WINKS"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-88" type="given" value="EDITH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19081208-19-offence-1 t19081208-name-88"/>Edith Winks</persName>, his wife,</rs>
<rs id="t19081208-19-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-19-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-19-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>pleaded guilty of unlawful and malicious wounding.</rs> </p>
<p>The parties live in East Street, Walworth. On November 4 Mrs. Winks, who was stated to be a hard-working woman, went out early to work, and, on returning home about half-past eight, found pris
<lb/>oner in bed and asked him if he was not going to get up and go to work. Prisoner, making use of the remark, "I will do you in!" jumped out of bed, went to his tool chest, and seized a pair of pliers, which he threw at his wife, rendering her unconscious and causing concussion of the brain. Prisoner had previously been convicted for assaulting his wife.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19081208-19-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-19-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-19-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-19-19081208 t19081208-19-punishment-21"/>Twelve months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19081208-20">
<interp inst="t19081208-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19081208"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-20" type="date" value="19081208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19081208-20-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-19081208 t19081208-20-offence-1 t19081208-20-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-20-19081208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-20-19081208" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19081208" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19081208" type="surname" value="STEWARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19081208" type="given" value="ETHEL"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19081208" type="occupation" value="servant"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">STEWARD</hi>, Ethel (20, servant)</persName>
<rs id="t19081208-20-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-20-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-20-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>; altering and uttering two cheques for the payment of 1s. 8d. and 1s. 10d., in each case with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">VANNER</hi> stated that prisoner had no known rela
<lb/>tives, and until 16 years of age was an inmate of the Foundling Hos
<lb/>pital, whence she went into service. In the last four years she had had various places, from all of which she had been discharged for general dishonesty and disobedience and she had now been struck off the books of the institution.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19081208-20-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-20-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-20-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-19081208 t19081208-20-punishment-22"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19081208-21">
<interp inst="t19081208-21" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19081208"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-21" type="date" value="19081208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19081208-21-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-19081208 t19081208-21-offence-1 t19081208-21-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19081208-21-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-21-19081208 t19081208-21-offence-2 t19081208-21-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19081208-21-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-21-19081208 t19081208-21-offence-3 t19081208-21-verdict-2"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-21-19081208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-21-19081208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19081208" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19081208" type="surname" value="GIBBONS"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19081208" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19081208" type="occupation" value="decorator"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GIBBONS</hi>, Thomas (36, decorator)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-21-19081208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-21-19081208" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-21-19081208" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def2-21-19081208" type="surname" value="laundress"/>
<interp inst="def2-21-19081208" type="given" value="ADELAIDE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GIBBONS</hi>, Adelaide (36, laundress)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-21-19081208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-21-19081208" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def3-21-19081208" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def3-21-19081208" type="surname" value="SQUIRES"/>
<interp inst="def3-21-19081208" type="given" value="MAGGIE"/>
<interp inst="def3-21-19081208" type="occupation" value="no occupation"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SQUIRES</hi>, Maggie (38. of no occupation)</persName>
<rs id="t19081208-21-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-21-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-21-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>; all felo
<lb/>niously wounding
<persName id="t19081208-name-93" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-93" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-93" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-93" type="occupation" value="porter"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19081208-21-offence-1 t19081208-name-93"/>Edward Harris</persName>, with intent to cause him some grievous bodily harm.</rs> The female prisoners are sisters.</p>
<p>Mr. J.P. Grain prosecuted; Mr. Burnie defended.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-94" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-94" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT HARRIS</persName> </hi>. I am a porter engaged by a firm of estate agents and auctioneers in Red lion Street, Holborn, and prosecutor is my brother. I have known prisoners for some time. On November 4 I went to the South London Music Hall with a</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080024"/>
<p>woman named Ellen Bird. We left there about nine o'clock and proceeded to the "Flower of the Forest" public-house in Blackfriars Road. When we came out of the house I saw the three prisoners coming along outside the Surrey Music Hall. Thomas Gibbons was swinging something behind him; what it was I do not know. I did not notice that either of the women was carrying anything. Something was said which resulted in my going to Kennington Police Station. Afterwards I went to the "York Hotel" at the corner of Stamford Street with Ellen Bird, and across the road I saw my brother Edward. As I was walking towards him, on a sudden Tommy Gibbons rushes behind him and hit him with a hammer at the back of the head. My brother ran behind a motor bus, and with that Maggie Squires gets in front of my brother to stop him getting any further. Tommy Gibbons hit him again with the hammer at the back of the head. Then my brother ran away and as he was running past Ada Squires (Adelaide Gibbons) she pushed into his face something covered with a handkerchief and cut him across the nose. As the result of the two blows given by Tommy Gibbons. I noticed that my brother was bleeding from the back of the head. The prisoners Gibbons used threats towards me. Tommy Gibbons shouted out that he was going to have my life and Nell Bird's life that night, and Adelaide Gibbons said she would give us a bottle of vitriol.</p>
<p>The Common Serjeant said it was new material to know what it was that prisoners said to witness and Bird when they were alone, which caused witness to go to the police station.</p>
<p>Witness. Adelaide Gibbons said, "Go on Tommy; let it go; burn their eyes out." I do not think I then saw them with anything in their hands. I took my brother to St. Thomas's Hospital.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I know there was a dispute between. Adelaide Gibbons and Bird on November 2. I was not there at the time, but I ran up with the crowd. I know it was at night time as I do not get home till eight o'clock. When I rushed up with the crowd Adelaide Gibbons was fighting with Ellen Bird in Mepham Street, a side turning near Waterloo Station. They were both on the ground when the police arrived. My brother was not there. I swear that he did not bring something down his sleeve and strike Adelaide with it two or three times on the head. I did not see Adelaide bleeding on that occasion. I took Ellen Bird home. In the fight they tore the things off her. I know Charlotte Morris, Adelaide's sister. She was not there the night I saw Adelaide Gibbons and Ellen Bird fighting on the ground. On the occasion of November 4, Tommy Gibbons did not ask why my brother had struck his wife. Nothing of the kind took place. It is not true that it was because of that inquiry that the quarrel between my brother and him arose. It is not true that they had a fight and that my brother in falling to the ground struck his head. If my brother had fallen down they would not have let him get up again. There were few people about when this happened. There is no tram
<lb/>car traffic, and it being late at night there were few omnibuses about.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080025"/>
<p>I have been employed by this firm for 2 1/2 years. Before that I was a marine store dealer. In December, 1902, I was in prison, where they were, convicted of poking a man's eye out. I had been convicted of housebreaking—not burglary—and sentenced to nine months' imprisonment.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I have been working for these auctioneers since I came out of prison. I have never been locked up since; it was my first and last time.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-95" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-95" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-95" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN WHITE</persName> </hi>, plumber, York Road, Lambeth. I live close to where Robert Harris lives. I went with him on November 4 to the South London Music Hall. I came out with him and Ellen Bird about nine p.m. and went with them to the "Flower of the Forest." Edward Harris had been with us to the South London, but left us outside and went away. When we came out of the "Flower of the Forest" we saw prisoners. Adelaide Gibbons said, "Here they are." Robert Harris ran out into the road to two policemen, who were standing by the side of the music hall. About a couple of hours later I, Bob Harris, and Ted Harris were coming around the corner of the York Hotel. I stopped talking to a man who sells papers outside the hall, and Bob Harris and Ted Harris were walking in front. I saw Ada Squires (Gibbons), Maggie Squires, and Gibbons came out of the "York Hotel" bar. Then Tommy Gibbons struck at Ted Harris with something in his hand. Then Ted Harris ran across the road, and as he did so Maggie Squires tried to trip him up. Thomas Gibbons then ran after Edward Harris, and catching him up half way across the road, struck him again on the back of the head with a hammer. On the second occasion I saw it was a hammer that Thomas Gibbons had in his hand. Adelaide Gibbons ran round the front of a motor 'bus that had stopped there, but I did not see any more as the 'bus was between me and Harris and her. I saw that Ted Harris was bleeding from the back of the head.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. This occurred on November 4. I was first asked to make a statement to the police last week. I know the Harrises very well and we had been talking about this before I went to the police. They asked me to go to the police court, but I did not do so. I work for my father as a plumber. I have not done much work lately. I do not hang about public-houses. I was not close enough to hear whether Thomas Gibbons asked Edward Harris what he meant by attacking his wife. They were at the end bar of the "York" and I was at the corner of the street. Maggie Squires tried to trip Edward Harris up at the kerb and that is all I saw her do. I cannot say whether Charlotte Morris (brought into Court for identification) was present or not.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-96" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-96" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD HARRIS</persName> </hi>, 53, Belvedere Road, Lambeth, porter. I was out of work on November 4 and had been for some time. On that day I went with my brother Robert Harris and Ellen Bird to the South London Music Hall and I left about five minutes to nine with my brother, Ellen Bird, and Jack White. From there I rode to Camber
<lb/>well Gate with a friend. Later on I found myself outside the "York Hotel" at the corner of York Road and Waterloo Road, where I had</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080026"/>
<p>arranged to meet my brother. As I was walking towards him I felt a blow at the back of my head. Looking round I saw Thomas Gibbons. Four women, the two prisoners, and two others made a rush, all trying to get at me. I tried to get away as best I could and ran to the back of a motor 'bus. As I did so Tom Gibbons ran after me and I received another blow on the head on the off side of the motor 'bus. Ada (Adelaide) Gibbons rushed in front of me and put something under my nose and cut it. I do not know what it was she had as it was covered up. I ran across the road and held on to some railings till I recovered. When I met my brother he said I was covered with blood and had better go to the hospital and I went there with him. After I had had my wounds dressed I went home. I have known Tom and Ada Gibbons about eight years, and Maggie Squires since last Christmas. I have never had any trouble with either of the three prisoners. I was present at the police court when the woman Morris was called for the defence. I had known her before to be a sister of the two female prisoners. We had always called her Squires. I was not present When there was a quarrel between Adelaide Gibbons and Bird on November 2.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. On Monday, November 2, I was somewhere in the neighbourhood of Mepham Street about 11 o'clock, but did not see Adelaide Gibbons and Bird fighting on the ground. I did not bring something down from my sleeve and strike Ada on the head with it two or three times. As far as I am concerned that is all invention. I am here to tell the truth. I had no quarrel with Charlotte Morris. I saw her as a witness before the magistrate. I say that all she says is untrue. As to what I do for a living, I do work when I can get it. For three years I managed the "Scar
<lb/>borough Hotel" in the Euston Road. That house was never a brothel. I was fined for keeping a brothel. I never kept a brothel near Cornwall Mews, Cornwall Road. Seven years ago I was fined 20s. for frequenting a brothel; I did not keep it. I was there for two weeks. What I mean by frequenting is that I went there and did odd jobs for them. I lived at 48, Broad Wall at the time. Me and my brother lived together. I was sent to prison for six weeks for keeping a brothel in Bidborough Street, near King's Cross. After that I went to America and came back on December 5 last. I do any work I can get. I have worked for my brother occasionally this year. On this Wednesday (November 4) Tom Gibbons and I did not have an up-and-down fight upon the road; there was no cause for it; we have always been on good terms. I did not fall and knock my head against the ground on against a lamp-post. I was not injured at the back of the head in that way.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I had no quarrel with either of these three persons. I have been on the best of terms with them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-97" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-97" type="surname" value="FYFFE"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-97" type="given" value="ERIC"/>ERIC FYFFE</persName> </hi>, casualty officer. St. Thomas's Hospital. I examined prosecutor when he was brought in. He was suffering from a con
<lb/>tused wound at the back of the head and an incised wound at the top of the nose. There were also signs of concussion. The wound at the back of the head was such as might have been caused by some</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080027"/>
<p>blunt instrument, such as a hammer. The wound was bleeding considerably; it was in a dangerous position and a serious wound. The wound on the note was such as would be caused by some sharp instrument; it was stitched up.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The wound at the back of the head might have been caused by a fall on the sharp edge of a kerb, but I think the wound on the nose could not have been so caused.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-98" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-98" type="surname" value="BIRD"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-98" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>ELLEN BIRD</persName> </hi>, single woman. I am living with Robert Harris. I know all three prisoners. After I left the South London Music Hall on November 4 with Harris and others, I saw prisoners by the Surrey, making towards us. Thomas Gibbons had something in his hands, which he held behind his back. Ada Squires said, "Go on, Tom; let it go; burn them." Me and Bob Harris got away from them and went to the Kennington Lane Police Station to report it. We met Edward Harris outside the "York Hotel" about an hour afterwards. Tommy Gibbons rushed out of the end bar of the "York" and hit Edward Harris on the head with something. I saw Maggie Squires get in front of Edward Harris and try to trip him, and I saw Ada come in front of him and hit him with something which struck his nose. Ada Squires said she did three years for knocking a man's eye out, and that she would do three for me and give me some vitriol. Edward Harris was taken to the hospital.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I remember that on the previous Monday Ada and I had a fight. We were fighting on the ground. Edward Harris was not there and did not strike Ada Gibbons on the head two or three times. Thomas Gibbons did not on November 4 ask Edward Harris what he meant by attacking Ada. Thomas Gibbons and Edward Harris did not fight and the latter did not injure his head by falling to the ground. Three or four women rushed at Teddy.</p>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">TONBRIDGE</hi>, L Division. At quarter past seven on the evening of November 21 I was in Camberwell New Road with Detective Hawkes and there saw Thomas and Adelaide Gibbons. We had not warrants in our possession, but we knew warrants were out. I told Adelaide Gibbons the charge; she made no reply. On the way to Kennington Road Police Station she said, "It is six of one and half a dozen of the other." That is all she said material to this matter. I had nothing to do with the arrest of the other prisoner.</p>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">HAWKES</hi>, L Division. At a quarter past seven on November 21 I was in company with last witness and took charge of Thomas Gibbons. I told him I was a police officer and should arrest him on a warrant for wounding in Waterloo Road. He replied, "I know nothing about it. I have been away from that neighbour
<lb/>hood for about three years." I then arrested him and conveyed him to Kennington Road Police Station, where he said, "Can you tell me who has got the warrant out?" I replied "Edward Harris." He then said, "it is all Bobby Harris's doing. I know all about it now. It was in the Waterloo Road. I bashed him in the jaw and smashed him up against the urinal." When the charge was read over to him he made no reply.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080028"/>
<p>Detective
<persName id="t19081208-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-99" type="surname" value="EVE"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-99" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALBERT EVE</hi> </persName>, L Division. On November 21, about a quarter to eight, I saw Thomas and Adelaide Gibbons at the police
<lb/>station and read the warrant to them. Gibbons said, "They are b—s to get warrants out for us. If we had not done it on them they might have done it on us." Ada said, "I will give them warrants. I would chew their b—y heads off if I had them here now. They only got what they asked for." The charge was then formally read over to them; they made no answer. At half-past 11 on November 23 I saw Maggie squires outside Tower Bridge Police Court and told her I should arrest her for wounding Edward Harris. I took her to the police station, where she was charged. She said, "I gave him a 'looper' (a blow). If I had known I was wanted I would have done him in outside the Court this morning."</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-100" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-100" type="surname" value="MORRIS"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-100" type="given" value="CHARLOTTE"/>CHARLOTTE MORRIS</persName> </hi> wife, of John Morris, newsvendor, Cornwall Road, Lambeth. I am the sister of Adelaide Gibbons and Maggie Squires. I remember the fight on November 2 between my sister Adelaide and Ellen Bird. It began as a stand-up fight and was finished on the ground. Edward Harris was there. The women would not part, and I saw Edward Harris hit my sister Ada at the back of the head twice or three times with something he took from his sleeve; I could not see what it was. After she was struck her head was smothered in blood. Me and Maggie took her to St. Thomas's Hospital, where her head was stitched. A night or two afterwards Thomas Gibbons met Edward Harris in the Waterloo Road, and asked him why he had struck his wife (Adelaide Gibbons) on the head. Teddy made no answer and the two men began to quarrel, and Harris struck his head against a lamp-post in falling. Then the police came on the scene and the crowd dispersed. Amongst the women who were present were Rose Wall, Catherine Pointer, and Jane Condon. They are not here as witnesses to-day. They are afraid to come.</p>
<p>In cross-examination, witness denied that Maggie Squires tried to trip Edward Harris when he was running round the omnibus.</p>
<p>Mr. Burnie for the defence submitted that there was no evidence against Maggie Squires, and, on the authority of Regina v. Torpey (12 Cox, 45) that Adelaide Gibbons was not acting independently, but was under the coercion of her husband.</p>
<p>The Common Serjeant overruled the objection.</p>
<p>Verdict, Thomas Gibbons and Adelaide Gibbons
<rs id="t19081208-21-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-21-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-21-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>Guilty of unlawful wounding</rs>; Maggie Squires,
<rs id="t19081208-21-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-21-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-21-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Thomas Gibbons confessed to a previous conviction.</p>
<p>Detective
<persName id="t19081208-name-101" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-101" type="surname" value="PEACHEY"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-101" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK PEACHEY</hi> </persName>, L Division. On December 10, 1902, I was present at South London Sessions when Adelaide Gibbons was sentenced to three years' penal servitude and three years' police supervision for maliciously wounding by striking a male person with an umbrella and knocking his eye out. She had previously been convicted of wounding several times.</p>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">CORNISH</hi>, L. In addition to the conviction which has been proved against Thomas Gibbons, there are 12 other</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080029"/>
<p>convictions, five for larceny from the person, five for attempted larceny, one for assault, and one for wounding. For wounding he got 18 months, and man and wife were convicted together, that being the occasion when Adelaide Gibbons got three years. All the convic
<lb/>tions against Adelaide Gibbons are for wounding. On July 27, 1907, she was convicted at this Court for throwing vitriol.</p>
<p>Prisoner Adelaide Gibbons. I am innocent of the vitriol.</p>
<p>Sentence, Thomas Gibbons and Adelaide Gibbons each
<rs id="t19081208-21-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-21-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-21-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-19081208 t19081208-21-punishment-23"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-21-19081208 t19081208-21-punishment-23"/>Five years' penal servitude</rs>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUDGE RENTOUL</hi>.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, December 9.)</p> </div1>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-22-19081208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-22-19081208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19081208" type="age" value="46"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19081208" type="surname" value="HIGGINS"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19081208" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19081208" type="occupation" value="seaman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HIGGINS</hi>, James (46, seaman)</persName>
<rs id="t19081208-22-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-22-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-22-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>; attempting to obtain from
<persName id="t19081208-name-103" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-103" type="surname" value="BURGESS"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-103" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19081208-22-offence-1 t19081208-name-103"/>Joseph Burgess</persName> the sum of 5s. in money, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. C.G. Moran prosecuted.</p>
<p>Detective
<persName id="t19081208-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-104" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-104" type="surname" value="HUTTON"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-104" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK HUTTON</hi> </persName>, City Police. At 5.20 p.m., on November 26, in Bishopsgate Street Without, I saw prisoner go up to another man and show him this ring. After a conversation, the other man went away. I spoke to him and, consequently, followed the prisoner to Liverpool Street, where he stopped a second man and offered him the ring. They parted, and the prisoner, going a little further up the street, stooped quickly down and came up as if he had found the ring on the ground. A young man saw the action and got into conversation with prisoner. Both examined the ring by the light from a jeweller's window, and they parted. Prisoner returned to Bishopsgate Street Without, where he offered the ring to a sailor in uniform, who went away. I then spoke to Detective Burgess, who took his stand near Acorn Street. Prisoner walked up to him and, together, they entered a public-house. In a few minutes I received a communication from Burgess, and when they left the hotel I arrested the prisoner, who, in reply to my charge, said, "I did not drop the ring." It is a brass ring, set with glass.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The four men to whom you spoke before you met Burgess are not here. They did not wish to prosecute.</p>
<p>To a Juror. Prior to meeting Burgess, I spoke to all but one of the men whom prisoner conversed with.</p>
<p>Detective
<persName id="t19081208-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-105" type="surname" value="BURGESS"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-105" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOSEPH BURGESS</hi> </persName>, City Police. In consequence of what I heard on November 26 from Detective Hutton, I walked down Bishopsgate Street to Acorn Street, where I stood at the corner public-house, the "King's Arms." Prisoner came along, and after some conversation invited me to have a drink. I had to pay for the drinks. In the bar he said he was a sailor, that on the voyage home the black cook had stolen his sea boots and some clothing, and that he had therefore stolen the cook's 18-carat gold diamond ring, which he had taken to a jeweller, who had offered for it no more than the price of old gold. Prisoner showed me the ring and said. "It is 18-carat gold and hall-marked; it is a lovely diamond. He took</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080030"/>
<p>from the counter this glass, which he scratched with the supposed diamond. He said, "As you have done me a good turn in paying for the drinks, you shall have it for 5s." When we came outside Detective Hutton took him into custody. The ring was found on him. It is a common brass ring with glass setting and is stamped inside, "22-carat gold cased."</p>
<p>Cross-examined. You did not tell me that you found the ring near the Monument at Billingsgate.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-106" type="surname" value="HIGGINS"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-106" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES HIGGINS</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath). I belong to Newcastle-on-Tyne. I was down at Billingsgate the whole day, carrying fish. Coming away from Billingsgate there is a big, tall monument, where I picked up this ring, which looked a good one. I went to Liverpool Street, where I spoke to only one man, a sailor, because I have been in the Navy myself. I asked him to buy a packet of postcards. I never spoke to another man till I spoke to Detective Burgess. We went into the "King's Arms." He paid for the drinks. I said, "I have a ring I found at Billingsgate, beside the Monument. You have stood me a drink. The ring is marked inside. Let me have five 'bob' for it." I did not say it was hall-marked. I did not know what it was.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19081208-22-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-22-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-22-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>. A long list of previous convictions was proved.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19081208-22-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-22-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-22-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-19081208 t19081208-22-punishment-24"/>Six months' imprisonment</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19081208-23-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-23-19081208 t19081208-23-offence-1 t19081208-23-verdict-1"/>
<p>
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<interp inst="def1-23-19081208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19081208" type="surname" value="GOLDBERG"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19081208" type="given" value="LOUIS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GOLDBERG</hi>, Louis</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-23-19081208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-23-19081208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-23-19081208" type="surname" value="GOLDBERG"/>
<interp inst="def2-23-19081208" type="given" value="AARON"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GOLDBERG</hi>, Aaron;</persName>
<rs id="t19081208-23-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-23-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-23-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/> obtaining by false pretences, from
<persName id="t19081208-name-109" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-109" type="surname" value="BOLTON"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-109" type="given" value="ERNEST JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-109" type="occupation" value="manufacturers' agent"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19081208-23-offence-1 t19081208-name-109"/>Ernest James Bolton</persName>, on
<rs id="t19081208-cd-7" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19081208-23-offence-1 t19081208-cd-7"/>October 12, 1908</rs>, a quantity of cloth and 10 pieces of sateen, and on October 20, 1908, 20 pieces of sateen, with intent in each case to defraud; obtaining credit by means of fraud in incurring the said liabilities.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Huntly Jenkins prosecuted; Mr. George Elliott defended Louis Goldberg, and Mr. Curtis Bennett defended Aaron Goldberg.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-110" type="surname" value="BOLTON"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-110" type="given" value="ERNEST JAMES"/>ERNEST JAMES BOLTON</persName> </hi>, manufacturers' agent, 17, Coleman Street, City. I am agent for J.C. Wood and Co., of Bradford, and Luke and Co., of Manchester. On October 2 I was introduced to Louis Goldberg, and on same day called at premises, 21, Paper Street, where a business was carried on under the style of J. Goldberg and Co. I showed prisoners some pieces of cloth, of which they selected eight. I asked for cash against invoice, but Louis said they would give me cash in 30 days; that they wanted the stuff to complete a contract for J. Compton and Sons, Tower Hill, wholesale clothiers and army contractors. I believed this, and accepted this order; terms, 30 days; price, about £58. I sent on the order to Wood and Co., but in consequence of their reply I called again at 21, Paper Street, and saw Aaron, who said he would give me cash in seven to 10 days. The goods were delivered. I afterwards received on behalf of Luke and Co. written orders for 10 pieces of sateen, £8 10s. 2d., and 20 pieces, £16 11s. 3d. Both were delivered to "J. Goldberg and Co." On October 20 I called again at 21, Paper Street and complained</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080031"/>
<p>to Aaron that Wood and Co. had not received cheque. He said he was waiting for his brother to sign it, together with cheque for Luke and Co., and that both would be sent off the same night. Next day I went again and found the premises closed. The goods had not been paid for. The premises were practically empty, though on the 20th they had contained a good stock. Neither prisoner had said a word to me about leaving the premises. After inquiries at J. Compton and Sons' I took out a warrant.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Elliott. I did not know that prisoners did business in mantles only, nor even that they sold mantles. I am sure that Compton and Sons are not mantle manufacturers.</p>
<p>(Thursday, December 10.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-111" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-111" type="surname" value="BOLTON"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-111" type="given" value="ERNEST JAMES"/>ERNEST JAMES BOLTON</persName> </hi>, further cross-examined. This card states that Goldberg and Co. were mantle, skirt, and costume manufacturers, but I believe that on the shop door were some such words as "Man
<lb/>chester goods dealers." I do not know that prisoners' father, in association with a Mr. Goodman, did contract work of J. Compton and Sons.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-112" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-112" type="surname" value="COMPTON"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-112" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK COMPTON</persName> </hi>, partner in firm of J. Compton and Sons, clothiers and army contractors, Tower Hill. My firm has not had any dealings with J. Goldberg and Co. A man named Goldberg, who, I believe, was the father of the prisoners, was at one time employed to make goods for my firm.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Goldberg, sen., was so employed for a good many years. Aaron used to bring in the goods for his father, a working tailor, who made up our own material.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-113" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-113" type="surname" value="HEBDEN"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-113" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK HEBDEN</persName> </hi>, agent, 17, Coleman Street, City. Early in Septem
<lb/>ber I, in company with Mr. Bolton, met Louis Goldberg, who had told me he was a partner in J. Goldberg and Co. On October 2 Bolton and I went to prisoner's place of business, Paper Street, and saw prisoners. Louis picked out a few patterns of cloth and said, "I will give you an order for those; just the stuff we want to complete a large contract we have with Compton's, of Tower Hill." Bolton said, "My terms are cash against pro forma invoice." Argument followed because they wanted a month's credit, and when Aaron repeated the statement that the goods were required for Compton's, Mr. Bolton said, "I will sand it on at the month. Give me your order.'</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-114" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-114" type="surname" value="GREENWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-114" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS GREENWOOD</persName> </hi>, carter to Midland Railway Company. On October 12 I delivered two trusses to J. Goldberg and Co., 21, Paper Street, City.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-115" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-115" type="surname" value="STILLING"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-115" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN STILLING</persName> </hi>, carter to Midland Railway Company. On October 12 I delivered the truss despatched by Luke and Co., of Manchester, to J. Goldberg and Co. The younger prisoner signed for it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-116" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-116" type="surname" value="DORSETT"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-116" type="given" value="HENRY GEORGE"/>HENRY GEORGE DORSETT</persName> </hi>, carman to London and North-Western Railway Company. On October 20 I delivered a truss from Luke and co. to J. Goldberg and Co.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080032"/>
<p>Police-constable
<persName id="t19081208-name-117" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-117" type="surname" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-117" type="given" value="REUBEN"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">REUBEN HENRY</hi> </persName>, 374 City. At about 9.20, on Octo
<lb/>ber 20, at 21, Paper Street, I saw four or five men loading a van with what appeared to be rolls of cloth. I did not see either of the pris
<lb/>oners.</p>
<p>Mr. Elliott submitted that the case could not proceed. Counsel for prosecution had opened to the jury counts charging offences against Mr. Uhlmann and Mr. Goring, on which offences prisoners had not been committed, there being no suggestion in Uhlmann's and Goring's depositions of any offence similar to that committed on Bolton, or of fraud sufficient to constitute "system," or of any offence whatever.</p>
<p>Judge Rentoul (after consultation with the Recorder) ruled that the case must proceed. Application to quash the indictment should have been made before the prisoners pleaded, and prosecuting counsel should have been warned before he opened on the counts objected to. The jury would be iustructed to put this argument out of their minds, and Uhlmann and Goring had better not be called.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-118" type="surname" value="TESTER"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-118" type="given" value="JOHN RICHARD"/>JOHN RICHARD TESTER</persName> </hi>, partner in Albu and Tester, 10, Roberts Lane. On September 29 I sold to prisoners six pieces of cloth for £48 0s. 1d., delivering goods on same day. On October 20 I called at their warehouse, which was locked up. Ten days previously they had promised to pay me on October 20. On the same day I saw Louis, who promised to let me have cheque on the 21st. Not receiv
<lb/>ing the cheque, I went again to the warehouse, which was still closed. After waiting five or 10 minutes I saw Louis, who promised that either he or Aaron would bring me cheque at noon that day. I called again three or four times. I saw no more of prisoners.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I inferred that prisoners were the firm. I did not know that the business belonged to their mother. From the pris
<lb/>oners I had previously received about £500, either personally or for my principal.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-119" type="surname" value="RICHARDS"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-119" type="given" value="ARTHUR JOHN"/>ARTHUR JOHN RICHARDS</persName> </hi>, cashier to J. Newberger and Co., City. My firm's credit is for £267 for goods delivered between August and October, for which amount we held bills. Prisoners have told me that they were sole proprietors of the business at 21, Paper Street.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I should think my firm has received from pris
<lb/>oners about £1,000.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-120" type="surname" value="BOWMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-120" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN BOWMAN</persName> </hi>, agent, 6, Lawrence Lane. Prisoners were intro
<lb/>duced to me as the entire firm of J. Goldberg and Co. At Louis Gold
<lb/>berg's request I sent him a piece of cloth on Monday, October 19. He had promised to pay me on the first Friday after the 19th. I have not been paid.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-121" type="surname" value="BOYLE"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-121" type="given" value="GEORGE INGLIS"/>GEORGE INGLIS BOYLE</persName> </hi>, messenger, London Bankruptcy Court, pro
<lb/>duced files of bankruptcy proceedings against J. Goldberg and Co.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-122" type="surname" value="CUNNINGHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-122" type="given" value="SYDNEY DRIVER"/>SYDNEY DRIVER CUNNINGHAM</persName> </hi>, clerk in Mile End branch, of London and South-Western Bank. In March, 1907, Jane Goldberg opened an account in the name of J. Goldberg and Co., cheques to be signed "J. Goldberg and Co.," by either of the prisoners.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I understood that the money at the credit of the account belonged to Jane Goldberg.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-123" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-123" type="surname" value="FRYER"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-123" type="given" value="HENRY PERCY"/>HENRY PERCY FRYER</persName> </hi>, ledger clerk to Foster, Porter, and Co., Wood Street. In July, August, and September last my firm purchased from J. Goldberg and Co. goods to the value of £1,423 odd, which were paid for.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080033"/>
<p>Detective-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM NEWELL</hi>. In company with Inspector Murphy I arrested prisoners at 22, Osborne Street, Whitechapel. After the arrest I went to their wareroom at 21, Paper Street, but could not find there either goods or furniture. Some of the goods were traced to a Mr. Rounsefell, to whom they had been sold.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-124" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-124" type="surname" value="WESTCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-124" type="given" value="JOHN JAMES"/>JOHN JAMES WESTCOTT</persName> </hi>, managing clerk to City Lands Investment Corporation, produced an agreement for the letting of first floor, 21, Paper Street, on a three years' tenancy, to Aaron Goldberg. On October 30 the premises were vacated without notice and without payment of rent, which, however, was paid subsequently, and the tenancy was determined by consent.</p>
<p>Both defendants pleaded guilty on the third count: incurring a debt and liability to Ernest James Bolton and J.C. Wood and Co. amounting to £54 0s. 7d., by means of fraud other than false pretences.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19081208-23-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-23-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-23-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t19081208-23-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-23-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-23-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-19081208 t19081208-23-punishment-25"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-23-19081208 t19081208-23-punishment-25"/>Judgment respited to next Sessions.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE MR</hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUSTICE SUTTON</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, December 10.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19081208-24">
<interp inst="t19081208-24" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19081208"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-24" type="date" value="19081208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19081208-24-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-24-19081208 t19081208-24-offence-1 t19081208-24-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-24-19081208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-24-19081208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19081208" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19081208" type="surname" value="WHIDDETT"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19081208" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19081208" type="occupation" value="french polisher"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WHIDDETT</hi>, Frederick (17, french polisher)</persName>
<rs id="t19081208-24-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-24-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-24-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19081208-24-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-24-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-24-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>, of feloniously and carnally knowing
<persName id="t19081208-name-126" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-126" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-126" type="age" value="5"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-126" type="surname" value="ROBINSON"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-126" type="given" value="ESTHER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19081208-24-offence-1 t19081208-name-126"/>Esther Robinson</persName>, aged five years.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19081208-24-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-24-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-24-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-24-19081208 t19081208-24-punishment-26"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19081208-25">
<interp inst="t19081208-25" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19081208"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-25" type="date" value="19081208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19081208-25-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-19081208 t19081208-25-offence-1 t19081208-25-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-25-19081208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-25-19081208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19081208" type="age" value="45"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19081208" type="surname" value="BURKE"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19081208" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19081208" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BURKE</hi>, Daniel (45, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19081208-25-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-25-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-25-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/>, indicted for and charged on Coroner's inquisition with the murder of
<persName id="t19081208-name-128" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-128" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-128" type="surname" value="DENTON"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-128" type="given" value="FRANCES ELIZABETH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19081208-25-offence-1 t19081208-name-128"/>Frances Elizabeth Denton</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Muir and Mr. Leycester prosecuted; Mr. E.C.P. Boyd defended (at the request of the Court).</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-129" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-129" type="surname" value="DENTON"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-129" type="given" value="JOSEPH WILLIAM"/>JOSEPH WILLIAM DENTON</persName> </hi>, steam tug engineer. I am from home a good deal and have been working lately on a 24 hours' shift. The deceased was my wife. I was married to her 11 1/2 years ago at St. Lawrence, Brentford. We had five children and lived at 71, Ling
<lb/>field Road, Isleworth, till October 13 last. I have known the pris
<lb/>oner 16 or 18 months. I then discovered he was visiting my wife. I cautioned her and waylaid him outside the "Red Lion" public-house. He took no notice, and I knocked him down and asked him if he was aware that my wife had been in an asylum and we had little children, and she had quite enough to do. I asked him not to treat my wife or visit her, which he promised not to do. I cautioned him on three different occasions. I found him and my wife had been drinking together. In consequence of this I ceased to live with her on October 13. I cautioned him again two or three times. She con
<lb/>tinued to live at 71, Lingfield Road. I left my furniture there. I took my box and clothes away and machine and allowed her £1 a week. I also took my eldest son.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080034"/>
<p>Cross-examined. We never lived together again. I visited her once.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-130" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-130" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-130" type="surname" value="PRIOR"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-130" type="given" value="CHARLOTTE"/>CHARLOTTE PRIOR</persName> </hi>, wife of Thomas Prior, 31, London Road, Brent
<lb/>ford. Prisoner lodged at my house for three weeks. He worked at East Molesey. He was often out all night and was on Friday, October 30. I only saw him under the influence of drink once, the Saturday he came to me.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner was a stranger to me when he came to lodge with us.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-131" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-131" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-131" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-131" type="given" value="AMY"/>AMY BROWN</persName> </hi>, single woman, 71, Lingfield Road, Isleworth. The deceased was my landlady. I moved there about the end of June. I knew prisoner and had seen him there the Friday night before the occurrence and perhaps a dozen other times. The deceased was aged 29, she told me. I saw prisoner in the kitchen with the deceased on the Friday about eight o'clock. He was sitting at the table, and Mrs. Denton standing by the said. I got a pint of porter for her. I went to bed about a quarter of an hour after in the front room on the second floor. I don't know where the deceased slept. As a rule, she slept in the next room to me. I heard nothing during the night. I got up about 8.30 the next morning. I met Mrs. Denton on the staircase. I did not see prisoner. I went out about 9.45 and met him about 10.15. I was in the sweetstuff shop in our road and he was passing. I ran out and said, "I want to speak to you." We were then outside the "Castle," and I said, "You had better come in. Will you have a drink?" He said, "A drop of Irish." We went in and both had a drink. I said, "Have you been down home?" He said, "I have been there all night. I was there when she had that baby." What he meant I don't know. He drank his whisky and went off as quick as he could towards Brentford. He was not drunk, but looked as if he had been drinking. That is the last I saw of him until the inquest. There was nothing strange about him except that he had no collar on and was very hurried. Mrs. Denton was talking to prisoner of moving to a Mrs. Dickinson's house in the Thornbury Road about a week before. He said, "You shall not go there." She said, "Then you had better go and take a little house for me." He made no answer.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I knew prisoner was on friendly terms with deceased. She did not seem very fond of him. She did say on one occasion that the only happy hours she had spent had been with him. I never saw him ill treat her and I did not see any signs of ill feeling between them. I should say the whole of the quarrel must have been very sudden. Prisoner was very anxious the deceased should not go to Thornbury Road, as I believe he thought it a house of bad repute. His statement about the baby I did not understand, and when I came to think of it I thought there must be something peculiar about him. Mrs. Denton at times took too much drink. I never saw prisoner the worse for it, though I have seen he has been drinking, but not really drunk. I knew as early as 8.30 that prisoner had been having drink.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080035"/>
<p>Re-examined. I think his youngest child is 14 months—she slept With her mother as a rule. She was called "Baby." I did not know that prisoner slept with Mrs. Denton. She had two rooms upstairs and there would be two rooms downstairs.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-132" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-132" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-132" type="surname" value="THORNTON"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-132" type="given" value="LUCY"/>LUCY THORNTON</persName> </hi>, wife of William Thornton, 67, Lingfield Road, Isle
<lb/>worth. I knew deceased and saw her about 9.15 a.m. on Saturday, October 31. She was quite sober. she seemed rather excited because she had had a few words with the upstairs lodger, Mrs. Brown. About 10.30 the same morning Mrs. Denton's little girl came to me when I was at my street door and said, "Oh, mother's head is cut off!" or something to that effect. I went in and found Mrs. Denton lying in the front room on the floor by the side of the sofa on her back. I saw blood on her throat and congealed blood on the floor. I went for a nurse and a doctor.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I had seen her as recently as 9.15 that morning. She did not complain of the prisoner's conduct.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-133" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-133" type="surname" value="THORNTON"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-133" type="given" value="WILLIAM DANIEL"/>WILLIAM DANIEL THORNTON</persName> </hi>, coal carman. About 10.30 or 10.45 I was called to Mrs. Denton's and found her lying on the floor with two wounds in her throat. After the police and doctor came I went into the back kitchen, and on the dresser table there was this carving knife (produced). I picked it up and noticed blood on it. I handed it to the police-constable.</p>
<p>Dr.
<persName id="t19081208-name-134" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-134" type="surname" value="DANDLE"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-134" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK DANDLE</hi> </persName>, divisional surgeon, Isleworth. I was called to the deceased at 71, Lingfield Road on October 31. She was lying on a couch and had four wounds across the neck and was suffering very much from collapse. The first wound was high up on the right side, just below the ear. That was a stab and was about half an inch deep. The others were at a lower level, more in the nature of scratches—vary slight cuts. The wounds might have been produced by this knife (produced). The wounds would not account for her collapse, which intimated some other injury, of which there were no external signs except slight bruises. The woman made a statement to me and she was taken to the infirmary. At about 7.15 that evening I was called to the police station, where I saw prisoner. He was in a dazed condition and appeared to be recovering from the effects of drink. He said, "I wish to tell you all about it." Then his head went forward on his chest and he mumbled two or three words and he finished up with "Going to a brothel (those words I heard distinctly), so I twisted her neck back over until she got blue in the face and then I felt all queer and ran and got a knife and dagged her in the neck."</p>
<p>Cross-examined. None of the wounds were dangerous—three were mere scratches. The knife would not be likely to cause a deadly wound unless used with terrible force—it is not very sharp; I could not examine the woman's spine at the time. She was not heavy—about the average. Prisoner said he could not be left in his cell at night. I saw him at 7.15. He was then dazed, and suffering from recent intoxication. I do not know from his showing these extraordi
<lb/>nary signs at seven in the evening that he must have been drinking heavily a considerable time. I have given you his statement to the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080036"/>
<p>best of my knowledge and belief. I made a note of it at the time. I did not catch what he mumbled. If you call 99 per cent. of the statement a fragment, I suppose I must allow it is a fragment; but I only lost two or three words. It was clear that some conversation he had with the woman about a brothel led to this quarrelling.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<persName id="t19081208-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-135" type="surname" value="TIMMS"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-135" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WALTER TIMMS</hi> </persName>, 401 T. I was called to 71. Ling
<lb/>field Road, on the morning of October 31, and removed the deceased woman to the infirmary. The knife produced was handed to me by the witness, Thornton.</p>
<p>Dr.
<persName id="t19081208-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-136" type="surname" value="NORTON"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-136" type="given" value="EVERARD EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">EVERARD EDWARD NORTON</hi> </persName>, medical superintendent, Brentford Union Asylum. At 11.14, on October 31, deceased was brought to the infirmary, suffering from collapse and wounds on the throat. In the course of the first few hours I discovered an injury to her spine, from the result of which she died. On November 3, about 8 a.m. I made a post-mortem examination and found she died from the separa
<lb/>tion of the sixth and seventh cervical vertebrae✗; of the neck, or injury to the spinal cord. Those injuries might have been caused by a man twisting the woman's neck with his hands, if extreme violence were used. I saw prisoner on the evening of the same day. He was in a state of excitement and anxiety. He was aware of the circumstance that I had the deceased under my care, and he expressed anxiety and excitement as to the whole affair, which was quite natural. I saw him on the night of the 31st, about 10 hours after the occurrence. It would be correct to describe him as suffering from the effects of recent alcoholism, and it was obvious he had been drinking very heavily. Of course, I should like to make it clear that his excite
<lb/>ment was due, also, to the fact that he had been drinking. Drink, in the case of a man who suffered from syphilitic gumma on the brain would have a more serious effect than on a man in normal health, and he would be more likely to lose all control. In regard to the wounds on the neck they were by no means serious—mere scratches, with the exception of one. A man of ordinary strength using this knife could, with tolerable ease, have inflicted very much more serious injuries than those that were present. The wounds had absolutely nothing to do with her death. She was what I should describe as a well
<lb/>nourished woman. The injuries from which she died were obviously not caused by any weapon. The injuries inflicted with a deadly weapon were trifling, and those inflicted by the hand were deadly. She died from paralysis following on a fracture of a portion of the neck. It might have been caused by sudden violence in the nature of a jerk. Force was undoubtedly exerted in such a manner as to push the head backwards from the trunk. I think the force I have mentioned, acting in that direction, was probably not an absolutely direct one, as it was to a certain extent a torsion. I do not mean that it was absolutely backward, but more likely with a certain amount of twisting movement as well. By torsion I mean twisting. It would be in any case an extreme degree of violence. A syphilitic gumma is a growth of the nature of a tumour which may be small or large. It could not be very large because it would kill before attaining a very large size. A growth of that</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080037"/>
<p>kind will pass away under treatment. From February, 1905, to October, 1908, the growth should pass away, if the patient were under proper treatment. If he remained under treatment from February, 1905, it should be well before the end of the year. As to the symp
<lb/>tom of giddiness, it would depend which part of the brain was impli
<lb/>cated. In some parts of the brain the only symptom might be giddiness; in other parts of the brain there would be other symptoms present. In the cerebellum giddiness would be a very marked symp
<lb/>tom, and possibly might be the prominent symptom. In regard to syphilitic, disease, supposing a man to be addicted to drink, he would be a particularly bad patient and would be less amenable to treatment. Unless he remained a longer time under treatment than an ordinary patient generally, a return would be probable.</p>
<p>Sergeant
<persName id="t19081208-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-137" type="surname" value="PALMER"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-137" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WALTER PALMER</hi> </persName>, 43 X. I was in charge of the Hanwell Police Station at 10.55 a.m. on October 31 last, when prisoner came in and said: "I have a serious charge to tell you. I have killed a woman, Frances Elizabeth Denton, at 71, Lingfield Road, Isleworth." I cautioned him and he said, "It is true—too true. I did not want her to go to a brothel and I got the knife to her. I slept with her last night and she wanted to go to a brothel. I caught hold of her by the neck and she turned blue in the face. I went in the kitchen and got a carving knife. I have slept with her two nights a week for the past three years. I had two pennyworth of whisky and we had a pint of porter between us. After I had done it I got on a car and went to Brentford Bridge, and then walked along the towing-path and was going to throw myself in the canal, but I thought I would face it out or they would say wrong things about her. "He then collapsed and seemed to lose the use of his feet, and would have fallen if I had not supported him and helped him to a chair. He recovered sometime after, and I read what I had written down and he signed it. He then said, "I did not have the whisky with her; I had it after I left her, in the 'Castle.'" He was in a very distressed condition, suffering from excessive grief. I did not see any signs of recent drinking about him.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I took his statement in my notebook. I have it here. He did not say anything to me about twisting her neck round or anything of that sort.</p>
<p>Dr.
<persName id="t19081208-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-138" type="surname" value="HOPE"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-138" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE HOPE</hi> </persName>, Hanwell. On the morning of October 31 I was called to see prisoner at Hanwell Police Station at about 11.20. He was very depressed and complaining that he felt very bad and that his head was aching very much. He was suffering from general depression and nervous prostration, from a drinking bout. He said he had some whisky and stout in the morning. That is a mixture likely to produce headache. I noticed some blood smears on his right hand. I began to examine his clothes when he said, "The deed was done before I put my clothes on." I saw him again about one p.m. He was still restlees and complaining of his head.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. It was quite obvious to me that he had been drinking very heavily and had, in fact, been drunk some time pre
<lb/>viously. He had all the appearances of a heavy drinker.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080038"/>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<persName id="t19081208-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-139" type="surname" value="HALESTON"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-139" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM HALESTON</hi> </persName>, G Division. I went to Hanwell Police Station at about two o'clock on October 31 and saw prisoner. He knew me and spoke my name. I told him I should convey him to the Isleworth Police Station, where he would be charged with the attempted murder of Frances Elizabeth Denton. He made no reply. He seemed to be dazed and almost collapsing. I took him to Isleworth in a cab, when he said, purely voluntarily, "I am sorry to have disgraced myself like this. After I had done it I went on a car and went to Brentford and walked along the towing path and was going to throw myself into the water, but I thought it better to face it out as they would be saying wrong things about her." When I got to Isleworth I charged him formally. In reply to the charge he said, "I choked her because I did not want her to go to a brothel. I did not do it with the knife until afterwards. I told her she should not go to that brothel. She said, "I defy you; I will go." I then caught her by the neck and we fell on the floor. When I found her blue in the face I got the knife and made a dag at her throat. After seeing the blood I got my coat and left the house."</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I had made inquiries about prisoner, and, apart from the question of drink, he has been a hard-working and respect
<lb/>able man. He has been employed for 18 years by Messrs. Ladbroke and Son, of Kew; first as an ordinary labourer and subsequently as foreman. I believe he has been for many years addicted to drinking. I was the second officer who had seen him about four hours after the occurrence.</p>
<p>Detective
<persName id="t19081208-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-140" type="surname" value="MULLENS"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-140" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HENRY MULLENS</hi> </persName>. On November 16 I was present when prisoner was charged with wilful murder at the Brentford Court. He made no reply to the charge by Inspector Neil.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I searched the house of the deceased woman and found five empty gin bottles, two quartern empty spirit bottles in the room. Also a quartern bottle and a half-pint bottle in the middle room downstairs. In the front parlour there was a whisky bottle with a red label that had malt liquor in it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-141" type="surname" value="KEMP"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-141" type="given" value="REGINALD"/>REGINALD KEMP</persName> </hi>, deputy-coroner for West Middlesex. I held an inquest on deceased on November 6. The prisoner gave evidence. This is his deposition: "In the morning she was wrangling with the lodger. The lodger left and the deceased said, 'Come in, Dan, she has gone out now. 'I left my coat and vest and hat and tie upstairs, and the little boy went to fetch a pint of porter. She said, 'Are you going to help me to move?' I said, 'No, you shall not go to that brothel.' She said, 'I am; I defy you.' She had been drinking, and she said. 'It is better for me to go and get over the winter months.' I caught hold of her and we fell to the floor. I squeezed her throat till she was blue in the face. I lost all control of myself. I did not know what I was doing. With that I went to get my coat, vest, and hat, and on going downstairs I saw a knife in the kitchen. Suddenly. I rushed back into the room and made a dag at her. Blood flowed from her; it frightened me. I got on my knees and kissed her twice. I got my clothes and ran out of the house, and was going to walk</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080039"/>
<p>towards home. Miss Brown called me. I did not know where I was. She said, 'Dan.' I came back and jumped on a car, and my mind said, 'throw yourself into the canal.' I decided to face it all, as things would be said against her. I then gave myself up. I had been drinking heavily. We had three quarterns of gin and five or six pints of porter. I had been drinking all the afternoon and evening."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-142" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-142" type="surname" value="DICKINSON"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-142" type="given" value="FLORENCE"/>FLORENCE DICKINSON</persName> </hi>, 12, Thornbury Road, wife of Thomas Dickin
<lb/>son. My husband is employed in the London United Tramways Com
<lb/>pany and has been for seven or eight years. I agreed to take the deceased as a lodger with her children. Mine is a respectable house.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-143" type="surname" value="BURKE"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-143" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>DANIEL BURKE</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I am 46 come January. For the last 19 years I have been employed by Messrs. Ladbroke and Son, of Kew. I have never had any complaint made against me, bar some trouble about a couple of drinks. some years ago I contracted a disease that attacked my brain and I was attended by a nurse and doctor. I have been suffering for 30 years from the kidneys and fall
<lb/>ing about. If I had any drink it used to tell on me. Four years ago I consulted Dr. Gubbings as to the giddiness and syphilis. I had to go like for to squeeze my head at times when giving my orders and the pain has caught me. I have been addicted to heavy drinking since I was about 17. I used to stop away two or three days at a time when I thought I would have a drinking bout, but I never made a practice to drink at work. For the last three years I have been on friendly terms with deceased, and about 2 1/2 years ago I started going to the house with her—an improper intimacy. She used to come to meet me at the works on a Saturday, when she had time of her own. She separated from her husband in October, and after her separation I used to sleep with her two or three nights a week. There could not have been a more loving couple than we were; she wanted me to go and live with her. altogether. We never had a quarrel till this par
<lb/>ticular day. She arranged to go to some other lodgings, to which I objected, because I had a duty and I thought it was not a proper place for her to go to, as I believed it to be the resort of prostitutes. She wanted me to go there with her and told me I could have part of the rooms with her. I had previously objected to it in front of Miss Brown. On October 30 last I had been drinking all that day, without food, till night time. I went to her house that night and slept with her. We had nine quarterns of gin and a quartern of whisky in the night and morning, and five or six pints of porter. We had no quarrel that night or when we woke in the morning. We then had two or three quarterns of gin in the sliproom. When it got daylight we went in the sliproom, away from the children, and stopped there till she called me downstairs. When I came downstairs I had some whisky and a share of a pint of porter; she was also drinking. Miss Brown went out, and we were together again; she called me down
<lb/>stairs and said, 'Dan, she is gone; you had better come down here now.' I went down to the front room. She asked me, was I going to help</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080040"/>
<p>her move, and I told her I should not—that she should not go to that house, and told her the reason—that it was not a proper place to go to with her children. as I had heard enough of the woman and seen enough of her house. She said, 'I am going; you can come with me.' I said: 'I won't go, and you shan't go.' She said, 'I defy you.' I made a rush across the room towards the sofa, I caught her by the neck and made a dash at her, and said, 'You shan't go,' and, having double strength when I was in drink, we both fell to the floor as I made a dash at her. I certainly had no intention to kill her. We loved one another too much for that. I would not have hurt a hair of her head or done her any injury, and everybody knew that in the street. I did it on the impulse of the moment and when I saw her blue in the face I did not know what had become of myself. I made a rush to go and get my clothes upstairs, my coat, vest, collar, and hat; and coming out of the room to go upstairs, the kitchen was in front of me, and I saw a knife on the table, and a sudden temptation came over me—a feeling that I did not know where I was. I rushed back into the room and made a dag at the woman; I lost all control of myself. I knelt down and kissed her and got my clothes. I felt like a man on live wires and did not know where I was. A sudden feeling came over me to go and drown myself, but I thought I would not afterwards, but would give myself up and face it out."</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I had no intention. We were kissing and larking about within a second or two of this. I lost control of myself. It was her being blue in the face that turned me. I would ask her not to go to that brothel—I could not stop her. The woman came to me for protection and asked me to look after her. She said, "I defy you," and then I suddenly caught her by the neck and we both went on the floor. I don't remember squeezing her neck. She said, "It is better for me to go and get over the winter months," because she was paying 9s. a week for her house, and she thought if she went to that house she would get a room for 3s. a week and save during the winter, as she would not go back to her husband any more. I thought she was going to a brothel for the winter. She told me that with her own dying lips. I don't know whether you call that squeezing her throat, putting my hands on her neck and falling down. I believe I said before the coroner, "I squeezed her throat till she was blue in the face." When Dr. Dendle came to me I was under collapse and did not know what I said to him. I said on October 31, when I was charged with attempted murder, "I choked her because I did not want her to go to a brothel." I remember going into the "Castle" with Amy Brown and having twopennyworth of whisky. What she says I said about the baby was also a misunderstanding. I said, "I was holding the baby while she was having a few words with her lodger" (Miss Brown). I had left her for dead when I gave myself up. I was frightened. I never thought of doing such a thing. I was like a man on live wires. When I thought of drown
<lb/>ing myself I stopped because I thought people might say wrong things of her. I meant they might think she had done it herself. She had a bad name with some of them.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080041"/>
<p>Re-examined. I did not say before the coroner that I intentionally choked her. On her dying bed I asked her to kiss me and she did—I asked the magistrate to let her do to and she nodded her head and said, "Yes, yes," and I did so in front of the officers. Words. and actions prove themselves that there was no ill feeling.</p>
<p>Dr.
<persName id="t19081208-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-144" type="surname" value="GUBBINGS"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-144" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOSEPH S. GUBBINGS</hi> </persName>. In December, 1904, I had prisoner under my charge. He was suffering from giddiness and pains in the head. He had had syphilis. I diagnosed some brain mischief—possibly a growth in the cerebellum. What is known as a gumma is not uncom
<lb/>mon in cases of syphilis. I formed the opinion that he was a drinking man and he confessed to it. The habit of drinking is particularly bad for syphilitic affections, and I told him he had better not drink so much. If he has been in the habit of drinking since 1904 to the present time it is extremely improbable that he would succeed in eradicating the disease. His symptoms were all to be referred to his brain, and therefore, I concluded that syphilis had set up a gumma. He would be more likely to lose self-control and to become extremely violent.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. He did not tell me he had syphilis, but that is the conclusion I arrived at from my examination of him. He told me of gonorrhoea, but I could not get anything more definite than that, and I adjudged it had been syphilis. I last saw him profes
<lb/>sionally in January, 1905. I treated him ordinarily with iodide of potassium, for tertiary syphilis, which is a graver form and generally shows that the earlier stages have been neglected. A gumma is curable with proper treatment, but it may recur if the person's vitality gets lowered. My treatment was also for the gumma.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19081208-25-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-25-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-25-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>Guilty. Very strongly recommended to mercy.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Justice Sutton, in passing
<rs id="t19081208-25-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-25-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-25-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-19081208 t19081208-25-punishment-27"/>sentence of death</rs>, said that he would at once forward to the proper quarter the recommendation of the Jury.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PRISONER</hi> said it was only within five minutes of the case coming on for hearing that he had seen a solicitor. He thought that in the interests of justice and of himself he ought to have seen one on Tuesday when he applied.</p>
<p>Mr. Justice Sutton said the fact was that the Court requested counsel to defend him—namely, Mr. Boyd—and no one could have defended him with more ability than Mr. Boyd had done. If the prisoner had asked for a postponement he (Mr. Justice Sutton) would not have refused it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PRISONER</hi>. As I am sentenced to be hanged I hope when her children grow up they will forgive me for taking their mother, away from them, and I hope God Almighty will forgive me for taking her from them. I do not want you to forward the recommendation to mercy; I prefer death to prison.</p>
<p>Mr. Justice Sutton. I certainly will forward it.</p>
<p>The
<hi rend="smallCaps">PRISONER</hi>. I do not want it. I hope her husband the first time he goes on a tug will fall in the water and get drowned.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080042"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RECORDER</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, December 10.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19081208-26">
<interp inst="t19081208-26" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19081208"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-26" type="date" value="19081208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19081208-26-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-19081208 t19081208-26-offence-1 t19081208-26-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-26-19081208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-26-19081208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19081208" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19081208" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19081208" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19081208" type="occupation" value="tailor"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMPSON</hi>, William (35, tailor)</persName>
<rs id="t19081208-26-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-26-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-26-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, with four other persons, com
<lb/>mitting robbery, with violence, on
<persName id="t19081208-name-146" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-146" type="surname" value="RILEY"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-146" type="given" value="FRANK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19081208-26-offence-1 t19081208-name-146"/>Frank Riley</persName> and stealing from him the sum of £12 or thereabouts.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. P.B. Petrides prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-147" type="surname" value="RILEY"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-147" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK RILEY</persName> </hi>, 102, Whitechapel Road, quartermaster seaman. On November 5, at 6.40 to 6.50 p.m., I was walking through the lower end of Osborne Street with Martha Evans, when prisoner seized me from the front. gave me a violent blow on my left breast, and knocked me down. There were five men altogether attacked me. I know prisoner was one of them; he struck me and kicked me. The others were behind me; one held my elbows up, two others rifled my pockets; they all ran off together. I lost between £12 and £13 in gold and silver, which was loose in my pocket. I had just been paid off; they took every penny. They broke a hole in my pocket. I was perfectly sober. I went to the Commercial Road Police Station and gave information. Immediately afterwards two private police
<lb/>constables took me round to several lodging-houses; in the third, Willmott's, I picked prisoner out from between 45 and 50 other men. He was in front of me; he seized me by the throat and gave me a severe blow in the left breast with his head. He was wearing a sailor's peaked cap at the time of the assault, and was dressed about the same as he is now. When I identified him he was wearing a dif
<lb/>ferent cap. It was then about 10 minutes after the assault. The police-constable said to him, "I want you for" so and so. He said, "All right, you know about it," and was marched to the station.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not say, "I think that is the man." I went round the table, saw prisoner, and said, "That is the man." The police-constable said nothing to me whatever.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-148" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-148" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-148" type="given" value="MARTHA"/>MARTHA EVANS</persName> </hi>, 8, Kingdom Street, Mile End Road. On Novem
<lb/>ber 5 I was with prosecutor at the end of Osborne Street, when five men, including prisoner, set upon him. Two held him by the arms, the other two went through his pockets; prisoner held him by the throat—I saw prisoner's face. The five then cleared off. I saw prisoner brought out of the lodging-house and at once identified him. I have no doubt he is the man.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<persName id="t19081208-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-149" type="surname" value="BETTS"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-149" type="given" value="EDGAR"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">EDGAR BETTS</hi> </persName>, 210 H. On November 5 prosecutor reported the assault at the station and gave a description. I then took him to several public-houses and to a lodging-house, where he picked out the prisoner from 40 to 50 others at once; he walked straight up to prisoner. He did not at first say he only thought he was the man, or anything of the kind. I told prisoner I should take him into custody and he would be charged with assaulting and robbing this man. He replied, "Yes, it is right"—he said that when he was coming out of the door. I found two sixpences upon him.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. When we came into the lodging-house prosecutor did not say, "You were the man and you were wearing a cheesecutter</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080043"/>
<p>cap"—he said, "This is the man, only he has changed his cap"—he did not say, "He had a cheesecutter cap on."</p>
<p>Re-examined. I had seen prisoner in the street half an hour before the robbery, wearing a shiny peaked cap; he was with five or six other men. When arrested he wore a kind of check cap.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PRISONER</hi> (not on oath). When prosecutor came into the lodging-house he distinctly said, "That looks like the man, only he was wearing a cheese-cutter cap." The police-constable said, "Do not think—make sure." He said, "I think it is the man." Then he went to the door of the lodging-house and said, "That is the man." With regard to the woman recognising me, I was never put up for identification of any description. She came into the police station after the charge had been made. The Inspector said to the woman, "Do you know the prisoner?" I had been sitting in the station 20 minutes before she came in. If I was concerned with five other ment in stealing £12, should I be 10 or 15 minutes after sitting in a common lodging-house with the sum of 1s. in my possession? If I had had a share of £12 I think I should have been in a public-house. I am as innocent as any man ever was of the crime. I never saw the prosecutor in my life and he never saw me. This is a piece of spite by the police over a thing that occurred on October 17, which I do not wish to divulge because it may go against me to a certain extent. The reason those two recognised me was that I wore a cheese
<lb/>cutter cap, and on one night the constable in question—five of them when I went into a watering-place saw me and I had a visit—he asked me if I had been robbed, saying, "We know you are a seafaring man" and that I had been robbed—that is the reason they identified me when the prosecutor went into the station and said that a man with a cheese-cutter cap had robbed him. There are hundreds of men in the neighbourhood with cheese-cutter caps on.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-150" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-150" type="surname" value="BETTS"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-150" type="given" value="EDGAR"/>EDGAR BETTS</persName> </hi>, recalled. Martha Betts was outside the lodging-house when I came out with the prisoner in custody. She said, "That is the man." She followed to the station and we did not go through the form of putting prisoner up for identification.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19081208-26-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-26-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-26-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Prisoner confessed to having been convicted at this Court on July 25, 1898, receiving three years' penal servitude for robbery in the name of
<persName id="t19081208-name-151">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-151" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<rs id="t19081208-alias-4" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t19081208-name-151 t19081208-alias-4"/>James Donovan</rs> </persName>. Other convictions proved: October 16, 1893, nine months at this Court for robbery; 12 months at Chelmsford for stealing bacon; 18 months, North London, August 14, 1896, stealing a watch; five year at North London on April 16, 1901, for felonious wounding; 12 months and license revoked at Mansion House, on September 1, 1905, for frequenting; 12 months and license revoked at this Court on September 30, 1907, for futtering base coin; was discharged on October 17, 1908, the present robbery being com
<lb/>mitted on November 5. Known as a most violent and dangerous man who had repeatedly assaulted and stabbed police officers.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19081208-26-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-26-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-26-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-19081208 t19081208-26-punishment-28"/>Seven years penal servitude</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19081208-27">
<interp inst="t19081208-27" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19081208"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-27" type="date" value="19081208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19081208-27-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-27-19081208 t19081208-27-offence-1 t19081208-27-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19081208-27-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-27-19081208 t19081208-27-offence-1 t19081208-27-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19081208-27-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-27-19081208 t19081208-27-offence-1 t19081208-27-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080044"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-27-19081208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-27-19081208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19081208" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19081208" type="surname" value="SULLIVAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19081208" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19081208" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SULLIVAN</hi>, William (19, labourer)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-27-19081208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-27-19081208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-27-19081208" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def2-27-19081208" type="surname" value="WARD"/>
<interp inst="def2-27-19081208" type="given" value="SIDNEY"/>
<interp inst="def2-27-19081208" type="occupation" value="engineer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WARD</hi>, Sidney (33, engineer)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-27-19081208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-27-19081208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-27-19081208" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def3-27-19081208" type="surname" value="HUNT"/>
<interp inst="def3-27-19081208" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<interp inst="def3-27-19081208" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HUNT</hi>, Alfred (20, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19081208-27-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-27-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-27-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>; all breaking and enter
<lb/>ing the
<placeName id="t19081208-geo-1">
<interp inst="t19081208-geo-1" type="type" value="site"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t19081208-27-offence-1 t19081208-geo-1"/>Chapel Royal of the Savoy</placeName> and stealing therein four altar vases, two candlestick tops, and other articles, the goods of the
<persName id="t19081208-name-155" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-155" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19081208-27-offence-1 t19081208-name-155"/>Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. H.R.D. May prosecuted.</p>
<p>Sullivan and Hunt
<rs id="t19081208-27-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-27-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-27-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> pleaded guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-156" type="surname" value="CHAPMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-156" type="given" value="HAROLD PAGE"/>HAROLD PAGE CHAPMAN</persName> </hi>, verger, Chapel Royal, Savoy. On Novem
<lb/>ber 28, 1908, at 8.20 a.m., I arrived at the Chapel Royal, Savoy. A number of police officers were in the Vestry. The place had been ✗ansacked and the cassocks of the gentlemen of the choir had been searched. On the Communion-table two candlesticks had been torn away; I also missed four vases which are kept in the vestry. The glass panel of the door leading into the vestry was broken, also the glass frame of the door in the main entrance, by which entrance had been effected. The value of the articles and damage was about £20.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<persName id="t19081208-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-157" type="surname" value="STEVENS"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-157" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS STEVENS</hi> </persName>, 149 City. At 6.15 a.m. on November 28 I was on Ludgate Hill in plain clothes, when I saw Sullivan carrying a sack, accompanied by the other two prisoners. Ward could hear what I said. I told Sullivan I was a police officer and wanted to know what he had got in his sack. He said, "Old chains and jars." I told him to show them to me. He said, "Look for yourself." I then examined the bag and found the articles which have been identified as stolen from the Savoy, some rubber tubes and a hammer. I detained Sullivan; the others ran away. Ward was afterwards brought to Bow Street, and I identified him.</p>
<p>To Ward. You walked away hurriedly with Hunt.</p>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<persName id="t19081208-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-158" type="surname" value="COLLETT"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-158" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALFRED COLLETT</hi> </persName>, V Division. On November 28 I went with Detective Webb to the Savoy Chapel The glass panel of the main door had been broken, by which access was obtained, after an attempt had been made to force the door. The brass candlesticks had been removed from the altar and other brasswork removed; the vestry had been entered by breaking the glass panel of the door. The surplices were strewn all over the place. At 10 a.m., with another officer, I went to the "Christian Herald" Mission-room, Shoreditch, and saw Ward sitting on a chair asleep. I woke him up and said, "We are police officers. You answer the description of a man concerned with two others, Sullivan and Hunt, who have been arrested for breaking and entering the Savoy Chapel and stealing a quantity of church utensils. I have reason to believe you are the other man who was in the company of those two men when stopped by an officer." He said, "I expected this. I knew you would be after me this morning. That City copper stopped me when he stopped Sullivan. I did not do the job." On the way to the station he said, "All I know about it is that Sullivan and Hunt came on the Embankment, they showed it me, and said they had got it from the Savoy Chapel. I was only going with them to help sell it. That is all I know about it." At the police station he was placed among eight other men and at once picked out by Police-constable Stevens. I searched him and found on him a chisel, knife, and portion of screw-driver (produced). The chisel</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080045"/>
<p>could be used as a jemmy for breaking into the chapel. I compared it with the marks on the door and found they could have been made by it.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-159" type="surname" value="WARD"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-159" type="given" value="SIDNEY"/>SIDNEY WARD</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath). In the morning, when the police constable stopped Sullivan, I stood there all the time, so that he could know me and circulate my description, and I told the officer when he arrested me that I expected it. I did not run away—I had no reason to, because I was not the man who did it. I admit I was going with them to sell it. The marks on the door were made by a garden fork which the other prisoners found there, because they told me they drove one prong half inch in to try and force it</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-160" type="surname" value="STEVENS"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-160" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS STEVENS</persName> </hi>, recalled. I thoroughly examined the place—there was no garden fork there. The marks on the door correspond with the chisel. There are other marks which may have been made by another instrument.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19081208-27-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-27-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-27-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs> on both counts. Ward admitted having been con
<lb/>victed on December 3, 1907, of stealing 5 cwt. of old lead, receiving six months hard labour. He had also had 14 days on October 23, 1907, for stealing. Sullivan was convicted at Stratford on May 9, 1907, as a casual pauper refusing to do his task; three other convic
<lb/>tions were proved. Hunt, on September 30, 1908, was sentenced at Bow Street to two months hard labour for stealing 80 lb. of lead from the Savoy Chapel. The three prisoners were known as never doing any work.</p>
<p>Sentence: Ward,
<rs id="t19081208-27-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-27-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-27-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-27-19081208 t19081208-27-punishment-29"/>18 months' hard labour on each count</rs>, to run concurrently; Sullivan and Hunt,
<rs id="t19081208-27-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-27-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-27-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-27-19081208 t19081208-27-punishment-30"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-27-19081208 t19081208-27-punishment-30"/>18 month's hard labour</rs>..</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(December 10 and 11.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19081208-28">
<interp inst="t19081208-28" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19081208"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-28" type="date" value="19081208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19081208-28-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28-19081208 t19081208-28-offence-1 t19081208-28-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-28-19081208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-28-19081208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19081208" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19081208" type="surname" value="STAUB"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19081208" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19081208" type="occupation" value="waiter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">STAUB</hi>, Arthur (28, waiter)</persName>
<rs id="t19081208-28-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-28-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-28-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="keepingABrothel"/>; stealing one overcoat and other articles, the goods of
<persName id="t19081208-name-162" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-162" type="surname" value="CERALA"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-162" type="given" value="LUIGI"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19081208-28-offence-1 t19081208-name-162"/>Luigi Cerala</persName>, procuring
<persName id="t19081208-name-163" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-163" type="surname" value="GODIN"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-163" type="given" value="LEA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19081208-28-offence-1 t19081208-name-163"/>Lea Godin</persName> to become a common prostitute.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Travers Humphreys and Mr. Huntly Jenkins prosecuted; Mr. W.B. Campbell defended.</p>
<p>Only the charge of procuring was proceeded with.</p>
<p>Prisoner was employed as a waiter at the Dieppe Restaurant in October last. Godin, who is French and speaks no English, was, till September, living at Calais with her parents, and on the 10th of that month came to England under contract to remain for a year in domestic service with a lady who keeps a boarding-house at Rich
<lb/>mond. Finding the work too hard Godin left her situation on Octo
<lb/>ber 12 and took lodgings at 27, Old Compton Street, Soho, W., with</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080046"/>
<p>the intention of finding employment as a laundress, a kind of work in which she had been engaged in France. The Cafe de Dieppe being just opposite her lodgings, she went there once or twice for meals and made the acquaintance of prisoner, whom she asked to find a more suitable apartment for her. He did so and went to live with her and shortly afterwards gave up his situation and turned her on the streets.</p>
<p>Evidence was given for the defence with a view to showing that at the time Godin made prisoner's acquaintance she was already engaged in prostitution. Prisoner, arrested on the charge of steal
<lb/>ing Cerala's overcoat, was found in the girl's company, and, as the result of inquiries made by the police, the charge of procuring was preferred.</p>
<p>Mr. Campbell submitted that there was no evidence of procuring to be left to the Jury. The Act of Parliament required corrobora
<lb/>tion, and there was no corroboration that prisoner was the person who first procured her to become a common prostitute, whilst there was abundant evidence that before she made prisoner's acquaintance she was engaged in pursuing her trade.</p>
<p>The Common Serjeant held that there was sufficient evidence that prisoner did procure the girl.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19081208-28-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-28-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-28-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">PROTHERO</hi> stated that prisoner is a Swiss subject and a capable man as a waiter. He has been employed at several large hotels and restaurants, but left most of his employments under suspicion of dishonesty. Blankets were found at prisoner's lodging marked "Imperial Hotel, Hythe," and as the result of communicat
<lb/>ing with the Hythe police prisoner was identified as having been employed at the hotel, but the proprietors did not wish to proceed against him for larceny. Prisoner was also employed as a waiter at a club in Fleet Street, from which sticks and umbrellas were missed. Suspicion strongly attached to prisoner and he left for that reason.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19081208-28-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-28-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-28-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28-19081208 t19081208-28-punishment-31"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>.</p>
<p>The Common Serjeant, having ascertained that prisoner is an un
<lb/>married man and has no legitimate ties in this country, recommended him for
<rs id="t19081208-28-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-28-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-28-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28-19081208 t19081208-28-punishment-32"/>expulsion under the Aliens Act.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Campbell said he had been instructed by the solicitor of a benevolent society in London called the Swiss Society to ask his Lordship to order, if possible, or to at least suggest, that various papers of prisoner's having reference to his military services in his own country, now in the hands of Cerala, should be handed over to the Swiss Society.</p>
<p>The Common Serjeant said he could make no such order.</p>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">PROTHERO</hi> said he had made the request to Cerala, who informed him that he had no such papers.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080047"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE JUDGE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RENTOUL</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, December 10.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19081208-29">
<interp inst="t19081208-29" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19081208"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-29" type="date" value="19081208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19081208-29-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-29-19081208 t19081208-29-offence-1 t19081208-29-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-29-19081208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-29-19081208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19081208" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19081208" type="surname" value="CLEMENTS"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19081208" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19081208" type="occupation" value="French polisher"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CLEMENTS</hi>, Alfred (35, French polisher)</persName>
<rs id="t19081208-29-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-29-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-29-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>; feloniously wounding
<persName id="t19081208-name-165" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-165" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-165" type="surname" value="RUNACRE"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-165" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19081208-29-offence-1 t19081208-name-165"/>Robert Runacre</persName>, with intent to do him some grievous bodily harm.</rs> Mr. J.F. Vesey-Fitzgerald prosecuted.</p>
<p>Police-sergeant
<persName id="t19081208-name-166" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-166" type="surname" value="COX"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-166" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SAMUEL COX</hi>,</persName> G division. On the evening of November 21 I saw the prosecutor, Runacre, in the Metropolitan Hospital. He had a large out on the face, and his wrist was practi
<lb/>cally severed from the arm. At 7 on the following morning, at Old Street Police Station, I charged prisoner with feloniously cutting and wounding. He said, "I admit I stabbed him; but what am I to do when he comes at me with a knife? He follows me about on purpose to fight me. I cannot fight him with my fists, so I must stop him the best way I can. We had been drinking together in the even
<lb/>ing. I do not know what it was I did it with, whether is was a razor or a penknife; I was too drunk."</p>
<p>To prisoner. I subsequently ascertained that prosecutor had been convicted; but I do not know that it was for an offence similar to this.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-167" type="surname" value="RUNACRE"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-167" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT RUNACRE</persName> </hi>, seaman, City Road. About 10.45 p.m. on November 21 I was in the "Hop-pole" beerhouse, treating a friend. Prisoner entered and asked me to treat him. I replied, "I do not like you well enough." He left, and shortly afterwards called me out. I went, thinking he would speak to me. Suddenly I felt some
<lb/>thing sharp on my face, and I saw something bright in his hand. I staggered back. He caught my wrist and out the back of my hand and my wrist with the bright weapon. I became rather faint, and shortly afterwards fell down. I then heard people shouting "Murder! He has got a razor."</p>
<p>To Judge Rentoul. About seven weeks previously prisoner and I were in the "Dunstan" public-house in the East Road. Three women were there, with one of whom he cohabits. I believe he was jealous. He had an altercation with her and with me. Shortly afterwards he slashed with a knife the overcoat I was wearing, but did not cut me. The women got between us, and I struck him across their heads, with a glass. He was not drunk. On this last occasion I had had a little drink, but was not drunk.</p>
<p>To prisoner. On the last occasion, after the assault, I do not recol
<lb/>lect saying, "Let him go; it was my own fault." About 13 years ago I was convicted of stabbing and sentenced to 18 months' imprison
<lb/>ment. Many years ago I received for a different crime five years' penal servitude.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-168" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-168" type="surname" value="GARRETT"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-168" type="given" value="HENRY EDWARD"/>HENRY EDWARD GARRETT</persName> </hi>, police divisional surgeon. On the night of November 21 I examined prosecutor; he was suffering from a deep, incised wound about four inches long, on the left cheek; on the ulnar side of left wrist an incised wound opening into the joint, and on back of left hand an incised wound some two inches long. I believe the wounds were made by an extremely sharp instrument.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080048"/>
<p>The wound on wrist, unless well handled surgically, might have caused serious and permanent trouble to wrist and hand.</p>
<p>To prisoner. Prosecutor was under the influence of drink. It would be difficult to determine whether his dazed condition was due to drink or to the wounds.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-169" type="surname" value="HOLGATE"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-169" type="given" value="MAURICE JAMES"/>MAURICE JAMES HOLGATE</persName> </hi>, house surgeon, Metropolitan Hospital. On enlarging the wound on prosecutor's wrist I found that the cut laid bare the bony surfaces of the joint. The wound involved con
<lb/>siderable risk of a stiff wrist for life, and some risk of losing the hand. When prisoner first came in he gave sensible answers to questions, and could not have been very drunk. He said he had been drinking.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-170" type="surname" value="BARRY"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-170" type="given" value="PHILIP"/>PHILIP BARRY</persName> </hi>, 42, Charles Square, Hexton, horsekeeper. At about 10.30 p.m. on November 21 I was opposite the "Hop-pole" hotel and crossed over to have a lock. Prisoner hit another man with some instrument. The man fell, holding on to prisoner's coat; and prisoner then started cutting the man's wrist about.</p>
<p>To prisoner. Since the committal for trial I have not talked to anybody about the case or the evidence I was to give here. I did not see your wife in the same public-house last Saturday night. I do not know whether the wounded man said of prisoner, "Let him go, it is my fault."</p>
<p>Police-constable
<persName id="t19081208-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-171" type="surname" value="ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-171" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM ALLEN</hi> </persName>, G division. On the light of November 21 prosecutor came to me in Old Street. I accompanied him to the divisional surgeon.</p>
<p>To prisoner. Prosecutor was not drunk; he had been drinking.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<persName id="t19081208-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-172" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-172" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-172" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM HARRIS</hi> </persName>, G division. At 2.30 a.m. on November 22 I went to prisoner's address and found him in bed. On my telling him I had come to arrest him for malicious wounding he said, "All right, Mr. bleeding Runacre, the tike; he did this to me three weeks ago."—pointing to a scar on the side of his face—"and I meant to do it. I said, "Did you?" He said, "No. If he gets over it and crosses me, the boys will do him in. Did he come the copper on me?"</p>
<p>To prisoner. It is doubtful whether you knew that I knew your address.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19081208-29-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-29-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-29-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-173" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-173" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-173" type="surname" value="REYNOLDS"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-173" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM REYNOLDS</persName> </hi>, warder, Brixton Prison. Prisoner has been sentenced to 21 days, 9 months, 18 months, 3 months (twice), 12 months (twice), and has against him several summary convictions.</p>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<persName id="t19081208-name-174" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-174" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-174" type="surname" value="COCK"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-174" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS COCK</hi> </persName>. When out of gaol prisoner is very quarrelsome, and the people of Hoxton are afraid of him. When he is in liquor he will go into a shop or a public-house and demand food or drink. Tradespeople have complained.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19081208-29-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-29-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-29-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-29-19081208 t19081208-29-punishment-33"/>Three years' penal servitude</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19081208-30">
<interp inst="t19081208-30" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19081208"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-30" type="date" value="19081208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19081208-30-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-19081208 t19081208-30-offence-1 t19081208-30-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19081208-30-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-30-19081208 t19081208-30-offence-1 t19081208-30-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19081208-30-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-30-19081208 t19081208-30-offence-1 t19081208-30-verdict-2"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-30-19081208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-30-19081208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19081208" type="age" value="48"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19081208" type="surname" value="SINCLAIR"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19081208" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19081208" type="occupation" value="dealer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SINCLAIR</hi>, William (48, dealer)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-30-19081208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-30-19081208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-30-19081208" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def2-30-19081208" type="surname" value="BOND"/>
<interp inst="def2-30-19081208" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def2-30-19081208" type="occupation" value="coster"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BOND</hi>, John (34, coster)</persName>,
<persName id="def3-30-19081208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-30-19081208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-30-19081208" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def3-30-19081208" type="surname" value="ROBERTSON"/>
<interp inst="def3-30-19081208" type="given" value="FRANCIS HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def3-30-19081208" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERTSON</hi>, Francis Henry (29, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19081208-30-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-30-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-30-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>; all feloniously rob
<lb/>bing
<persName id="t19081208-name-178" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-178" type="surname" value="WARE"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-178" type="given" value="CHARLES WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19081208-30-offence-1 t19081208-name-178"/>Charles William Ware</persName> of the sum of 1s., his moneys.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. G. Tully Christie prosecuted; Mr. Burnie defended Sinclair.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<persName id="t19081208-name-179" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-179" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-179" type="surname" value="SELBY"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-179" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WALTER SELBY</hi> </persName>, G Division. At about 12.45 a.m.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080049"/>
<p>on November 22, I was in the Pentonville Road in company with two other police officers—all in plain clothes—and saw the three pris
<lb/>oners going in the direction of the "Angel." They stopped the pro
<lb/>secutor, who was under the influence of drink. Bond said to him, "Hullo, George, I have just been round to see your missus. Come on!" They then turned back and hustled the prosecutor into Rodney Street. Bond put his right hand into prosecutor's left trouser pocket; Sinclair put his hand into the right side overcoat pocket and pushed the prosecutor up against the wall. The prose
<lb/>cutor broke away from him and shouted out, "They have got my money." Bond then struck him on the forehead. Robertson fol
<lb/>lowed the prosecutor into the road and caught hold of him. He broke away. The three prisoners then went in the direction of Pentonville Road, where I arrested Bond. He became very violent. Robertson broke away from the other officer, ran down Penton Place, and was subsequently arrested. When he came away from the prose
<lb/>cutor Robertson was looking at something in his hand.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Burnie. Sinclair looked as if he were lame. When prisoners stopped the prosecutor I and the other con
<lb/>stables were on the same side of the road as they; about four or five yards off. Rodney Street is not dark, but lit with ordinary incan
<lb/>descent burners. When they turned into Rodney Street I crossed to the other side of Pentonville Road, but was looking round. Sinclair took part in hustling the prosecutor. Directly they left the prosecutor I crossed the road and arrested them at the corner of Rodney Street.</p>
<p>To Bond. When arrested you became very violent. I did not hear prosecutor deny at the station that you and Sinclair put your hands in his pockets. He was drunk and was charged with drunken
<lb/>ness. No money was found on him.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<persName id="t19081208-name-180" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-180" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-180" type="surname" value="EWING"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-180" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN EWING</hi> </persName>, G Division, corroborated the evidence of the previous witness.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The three prisoners took prosecutor into Rodney Street, Sinclair and Bond holding him, Robinson being behind him. I was four or five yards away, looking through some railings at the corner of Rodney Street.</p>
<p>To Bond. Prisoner did not ask you to show him the way to Cale
<lb/>donian Road.</p>
<p>(Friday, December 11.)</p>
<p>Police-constable
<persName id="t19081208-name-181" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-181" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-181" type="surname" value="BRASLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-181" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN BRASLEY</hi> </persName>, G Division, corroborated the evi
<lb/>dence of the previous witnesses. I arrested Robinson. He twisted himself away from me and ran down Penton Place. Some money dropped. When he got into King's Cross Road he stopped and said, "I'm done," meaning, I suppose, that he could not run farther.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-182" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-182" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-182" type="surname" value="WARE"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-182" type="given" value="CHARLES WILLIAM"/>CHARLES WILLIAM WARE</persName> </hi>, 47, Berry Road, labourer. On the even
<lb/>ing of November 22 I had 1s. 2d. in my pocket, in Hackney Road, where I left my friends. I do not recollect anything until I felt as if</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080050"/>
<p>all my pockets were full at once and then I felt something strike me on the forehead. The next thing I recollect is waking up in the police-station on Sunday morning.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I do not know how many public-houses I visited after leaving my friends, nor that I reached Pentonville Road. The last time I saw my money was in Hackney Road.</p>
<p>To Bond. I do not know whether, after visiting so many public-houses, I still had the 1s. 2d. in my pocket at one o'clock a.m. I know I had 2d. returned to me on Sunday morning.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-183" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-183" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-183" type="surname" value="SINCLAIR"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-183" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM SINCLAIR</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I was with the other pris
<lb/>oners. We met the prosecutor, who asked the way to Kilburn. Bond replied. I had attended the hospital that day and was using a walk
<lb/>ing stick with my right hand and leaning on Bond with my left. I turned with him into Rodney Street because he was going the greater part of my way home. Prosecutor went with us because Bond was going to show him the way. I could not and did not take the prose
<lb/>cutor by the arm or put my hand in his pocket.</p>
<p>Verdict. Sinclair and Bond,
<rs id="t19081208-30-verdict-" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-30-verdict-" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-30-verdict-" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>; Robertson,
<rs id="t19081208-30-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-30-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-30-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<persName id="t19081208-name-184" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-184" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-184" type="surname" value="SELBY"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-184" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WALTER SELBY</hi> </persName>, recalled. Sinclair was doing well until he took to drink about four months ago. He has since been in hospital with cancer.</p>
<p>Two previous convictions were proved against Sinclair and three against Bond.</p>
<p>Sentence. Bond,
<rs id="t19081208-30-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-30-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-30-punishment-34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-30-19081208 t19081208-30-punishment-34"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>; Sinclair,
<rs id="t19081208-30-punishment-35" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-30-punishment-35" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-30-punishment-35" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-19081208 t19081208-30-punishment-35"/>released on his own recognisance in £5 to come up for judgment when called upon.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE MR</hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUSTICE A.T. LAWRENCE</hi>.</p>
<p>(Friday, December 11.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19081208-31">
<interp inst="t19081208-31" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19081208"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-31" type="date" value="19081208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19081208-31-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-31-19081208 t19081208-31-offence-1 t19081208-31-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-31-19081208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-31-19081208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19081208" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19081208" type="surname" value="JACKSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19081208" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19081208" type="occupation" value=""/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JACKSON</hi>, Thomas (42)</persName>
<rs id="t19081208-31-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-31-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-31-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t19081208-name-186" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-186" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-186" type="surname" value="JACKSON"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-186" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19081208-31-offence-1 t19081208-name-186"/>Elizabeth Jackson</persName> with intent to kill and murder her.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. J.F. Charles Fitzgerald prosecuted.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<persName id="t19081208-name-187" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-187" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-187" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-187" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALBERT SMITH</hi> </persName>, 126 Y. About midnight October 31 I was on duty in Copenhagen Street with another constable, when prisoner's wife came to me with a large wound in her throat. She made a communication to me and I went to her home, 121, Copen
<lb/>hagen Street and found prisoner in the top floor front room. I told him that his wife wished to give him into custody for stabbing her in the throat. He said, "All right, I wish I had cut her bleeding head off." I took him to the station and found this knife (produced) in his jacket pocket with wet blood stains. I then noticed blood
<lb/>stains on his throat on the left side about two inches long. He said, "Yes, I done it on the impulse of the moment." He had been drinking, but knew what he was about and recognised me directly I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080051"/>
<p>went in the room as the man who had had him before. He said, "What! again?" On the way to the station he converted freely and walked well.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I contradicted the constable's statement from the first about saying, "I wish I had cut her bleeding head off." I never used the words. He also said before that he took the knife out of my pocket in my own place.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-188" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-188" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-188" type="surname" value="JACKSON"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-188" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH JACKSON</persName> </hi>. I am prisoner's wife and have four children. About 11.30 p.m. prisoner came home. He had been drinking and said he wanted some supper, which I had in the cupboard, but he wanted fish and potatoes. I said, "You get money for beer, but you can't bring anything home for the Children." He said, "If you start on me I will finish you." He walked towards the door and caught hold of me by the throat. I turned round and we fell on the bed. I felt something sharp on my throat. My little girl pulled me away. I ran downstairs and noticed some blood, and ran out and fetched a constable. I first went to Dr. Latham, but there was no one there. I was taken to the police-station and attended to there. This knife is prisoner's. Mr. Isaacs has a wardrobe shop under where we live. I sometimes help him in his business when he is out and do his washing and mending, for which he pays me. I don't know that I have given prisoner any cause for jealousy.</p>
<p>To prisoner. I had not been nagging you. I gave you 2d. in the morning when you went out. I have not been the cause of your losing work, but your not getting up in the mornings. You have not had to get cut of bed at 12.30 to fetch me home, or to fetch me out of a public-house at 12. You did at 11.30. You had not seen me all the evening because you were out. I went to the door and a friend of mine two doors down asked me to go and have a glass and you came and bullied me and told me to come out, which I did. I asked you if you were going to apologise and you said, "No, you didn't care, yon would as soon go to prison as go to work," and I said, "You mean something then!" That was the day you came home from the last affair.</p>
<p>Dr.
<persName id="t19081208-name-189" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-189" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-189" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-189" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOSEPH WILSON</hi> </persName>, 546, Caledonian Road. I saw the woman at 12.10 a.m. on November 1 at the police-station, where I found her lying on her back on the floor. She was bleeding profusely from the neck. I examined the wound and found it extended from the larynx backwards and upwards about three and a half inches. The centre of the wound was about an inch deep. The two ends were slight, but it was very deep in the centre. This knife is capable of inflicting such a wound. It was a very dangerous wound, and death would have followed, I should say, if not promptly attended to. The external jugular vein was divided and had to be ligatured. I subsequently saw her at the hospital.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-190" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-190" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-190" type="surname" value="JACKSON"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-190" type="given" value="ETHEL"/>ETHEL JACKSON</persName> </hi>, prisoner's daughter, aged 11. My father came home drunk on the night in Question. He asked for some supper and mother said, "You can get money for drink, but you can't bring home money for bread." He said a few words and walked towards' the door. He had his hand in his pocket and came back and took his hand out</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080052"/>
<p>and caught hold of mother by the throat and he fell on the bed and pulled mother on the top. I did not see him cut her throat. She got up and ran downstairs. I saw her throat bleeding. I saw prisoner sharpening that knife in the afternoon.</p>
<p>Inspector
<persName id="t19081208-name-191" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-191" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-191" type="surname" value="NEIL"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-191" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ARTHUR NEIL</hi> </persName>, Y Division. I saw prisoner at the police
<lb/>station at 1 a.m. on November 1. I said, "Your wife is in the hospital with her throat cut and you will be detained pending in
<lb/>quiries." He said, "I must have done it with my knife and it was all through the Jew at the second-hand shop below. She is always in the shop with him. She has always been a good woman else. When I got home I asked for some supper. She started nagging me. I went for her. I hardly know what happened." This knife was handed to me by the constable. I examined it and saw bloodstains on the blade. I then went to 121, Copenhagen Street and in the room I saw bloodstains on the bed and floor and down the stairs. I returned later, after making inquiries at the hospital, and charged him. He said, "I don't know if I did it or her. It was done in the struggle. She nagged me. I lost control of myself." He had been drinking, but quite understood what was said and knew what he was doing. I oculd not find out anything to corroborate prisoner's objection to his wife helping in the shop.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>A long written statement by the prisoner was read, in which he expressed his regret for his act, but declared that he did not know what he was doing; that his wife had provoked him by spending so much time in Isaacs's shop and neglecting her home. He added that he had served 13 years in the Navy, and had been 17 years in the Reserve, and had left with a good character, and if convicted he would lose his chance of a pension, which would not only punish him but his children.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19081208-31-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-31-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-31-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>Guilty of wounding with intent to do grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>Inspector
<hi rend="smallCaps">NEIL</hi>, recalled, said that prisoner had been previously bound over for assaulting his wife—that when he got a little drink he was very violent and lost his work, otherwise he was well spoken of in the docks, where he had worked. He would be in the Naval Reserve till July 23, 1912.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19081208-31-punishment-36" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-31-punishment-36" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-31-punishment-36" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-31-19081208 t19081208-31-punishment-36"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19081208-32">
<interp inst="t19081208-32" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19081208"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-32" type="date" value="19081208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19081208-32-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-32-19081208 t19081208-32-offence-1 t19081208-32-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-32-19081208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-32-19081208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19081208" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19081208" type="surname" value="CUTTING"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19081208" type="given" value="PERCY"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19081208" type="occupation" value="barman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CUTTING</hi>, Percy (21, barman)</persName>
<rs id="t19081208-32-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-32-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-32-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>. Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t19081208-name-193" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-193" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-193" type="surname" value="JARVIS"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-193" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-193" type="occupation" value="coachman"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19081208-32-offence-1 t19081208-name-193"/>William Jarvis</persName> with intent to kill and murder him; (second count) with intent to do him grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. G.G. Moran prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-194" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-194" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-194" type="surname" value="JARVIS"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-194" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM JARVIS</persName> </hi>, coachman, 34, Linnell Road, Lambeth. I was in the first floor room at 3.30 p.m. on Sunday, November 15, with my wife. My daughter let prisoner in, and he came upstairs and asked who had been upsetting his young lady. I said, "I have; what has it to do with yon?" I had had two or three words with her at dinner. He put his hat and gloves on the sofa and rolled up his</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080053"/>
<p>sleeves and said, "I have got something for you." I said, "You had better clear out." My wife then left the room and I followed. He went downstairs. I then saw a flash and heard a bang. My wife said, "Don't go near him," and he followed her up the stairs and hit me over the head with this pistol (produced). I was attended by Dr. Boon. That is all I know of the matter. I had got him on the ground when he hit me.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. I was on the first landing when you fired the shot. I have not thrown you out of the house twice, nor did I call my daughter all the filthy names I could lay my tongue to. I have scolded her for being out late and I would not have it.</p>
<p>By the Court. My daughter is 20.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-195" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-195" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-195" type="surname" value="JARVIS"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-195" type="given" value="KATE"/>KATE JARVIS</persName> </hi>, wife of the last witness. I heard someone come to the door, and recognised prisoner's voice. My daughter opened the door and prisoner came up into the room and said to my daughter, "Why didn't you meet me? You are late." I did not hear any answer. I came away and left them at the door and went into the room where my husband was sitting. The prisoner came in and said to my husband, "Have you been rowing my girl?" My husband said, "Yes, and what if I have? What has that to do with you?" He rolled up his sleeves and put his hat and gloves on the couch and said, "I have something for you; I will show you." My husband said to him, "You had better clear out." I said to my daughter, "Take him outside; we don't want no row here." I saw him out of the front room, down the stairs. My husband called me back and said something to me. I then took the hat and went downstairs. I saw prisoner at the bottom of the stairs. He apparently was loading a revolver, my daughter standing by his side. My husband came after me and the bang went off. My husband was then behind me. When I saw prisoner with the revolver I shouted. My husband came to my assistance. My daughter said to him, "Don't do it, Percy." She was standing by his side, and the revolver was in his hand. Then the pistol was fired and I rushed upstairs and met my husband. My daughter flew into her bedroom on the first floor. My husband pinned him down until assistance arrived from next door and then the police came.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. I rushed upstairs towards my husband. I did not say that I never saw the shot fired. I said I did not see you shoot upstairs, but when you asked in what direction it was I said you pointed to the stairs, as near as I could guess. I told you on the Thursday that my husband was a bit cantankerous. It is quite false to say that he put you though the front door and abused you and called my daughter every filthy name he could put his tongue to. He was a bit abrupt over her silly ways, I admit. I did not tell you the following Sunday that he was swearing at me for over an hour.</p>
<p>By the Court. I have seen the bullet mark in the passage. It was down by the first floor door, near the place where he was stand
<lb/>ing, and where I heard the bang. The pistol might have been pointed at the floor, because my daughter pulled his arm on one side and said, "Don't do it."</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080054"/>
<p>Police-constable
<persName id="t19081208-name-196" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-196" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-196" type="surname" value="LEOPARD"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-196" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK LEOPARD</hi> </persName>, 424 P. I was called to the house in question at four p.m., where I found prisoner, who said, "Constable, I give myself up; I meant to do for him." He made no reply to the charge.</p>
<p>Detective
<persName id="t19081208-name-197" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-197" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-197" type="surname" value="HAWKINS"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-197" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALBERT HAWKINS</hi> </persName>, P Division. I saw prisoner at the police-station at 6.30 p.m. on November 15. I said, "I am a police officer. I am going to charge you with attempting to murder Mr. Jarvis by shooting at him and assaulting him on the head with this revolver," which I produced, and which the neighbours had brought to the station. It was then unloaded. There were with it three bullets and one spent bullet. The spent one has come into the hands of the police since the committal. He said, "That is my revolver. I bought it of a barman of the 'Queen Victoria' public-house, South
<lb/>wark Bridge Road. I must have been mad. I did not go with the intention of killing him, but he had been provoking my girl." He was charged, and made no reply.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-198" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-198" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-198" type="surname" value="BOON"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-198" type="given" value="JAMES EBENEZER"/>JAMES EBENEZER BOON</persName> </hi>, surgeon, 2, King's Road, Peckham. On the afternoon in question I examined prosecutor at the police-station. He was suffering from two or three superficial wounds on the right side of the face and a scalp wound on the top two inches long running from before to backwards. They might have been caused by some portion of this revolver. I put in two stitches.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-199" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-199" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-199" type="surname" value="JARVIS"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-199" type="given" value="LILIAN"/>LILIAN JARVIS</persName> </hi> (to prisoner). On the Sunday in question I had arranged to meet you and did not arrive. You called for me about four o'clock. I opened the door and you asked me what was the matter. I thought I answered you. You went upstairs and I followed you into the room. You said, "Who has been upsetting my girl?" My father replied, "I have, and what the hell has that to do with you?" You said, "I will soon show you," taking off your gloves. My father said, "You clear out," and got up to put you out of the room, and I clung to his arm. You went to the stairs and I followed you. You went downstairs and took a revolver out of your pocket and put some cartridges in it. You pointed the revolver downwards. I told you not to do it. I did not touch you. You then went up the flight of stairs. If you had shot up the stairs you would have shot me. No one else was on the flight of stairs. My father then got you down and you hit him. Two neighbours came in. My father went out and came back with the police. He had been swearing at me for some time past. On one occasion he pushed you through the front door and abused you, because I introduced you home. He used rather bad language to me. I told you were the only friend I had in the world. I wanted you to come in with me because they would start on me.</p>
<p>By the Court. I had been stopping out a little extra at night time. I went to the theatre. I am employed in dressmaking.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner came downstairs first and then I did. He then started bringing his revolver out. I asked him what he was</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080055"/>
<p>going to do. He said, "I am going to do no harm." I said, "Oh, don't do it, Percy." He loaded the revolver. He then fired. I was at his side, looking towards him. I did not grasp his arm and force it down. He did not shoot up the stairs. He shot down. I made a mistake in saying that I threw the revolver away, but I know I took hold of it after. I tried to stop him. I flew away up the stairs.</p>
<p>The man of whom the prisoner bought the revolver was then called, but did not answer.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-200" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-200" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-200" type="surname" value="CUTTING"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-200" type="given" value="PERCY"/>PERCY CUTTING</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath) said he had no intention of bring at the prosecutor, and was sorry for what had happened, but he had constantly aggravated him by abusing his daughter and swearing at her, and she used to be broken-hearted. When he got there on the Sunday he saw the was upset and asked her what was the matter, and she did not answer. It was his first offence, and he hoped the Court would deal leniently with him.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19081208-32-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-32-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-32-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>Guilty of unlawfully wounding.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19081208-32-punishment-37" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-32-punishment-37" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-32-punishment-37" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-32-19081208 t19081208-32-punishment-37"/>Three months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19081208-33">
<interp inst="t19081208-33" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19081208"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-33" type="date" value="19081208"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19081208-33-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-19081208 t19081208-33-offence-1 t19081208-33-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-33-19081208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-33-19081208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19081208" type="age" value="50"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19081208" type="surname" value="SHORT"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19081208" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19081208" type="occupation" value="cellarman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SHORT, ALFRED</hi> (50, cellarman).</persName>
<rs id="t19081208-33-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-33-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-33-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/> Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t19081208-name-202" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-202" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-202" type="surname" value="HOWARD"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-202" type="given" value="CECILIA VIOLET"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19081208-33-offence-1 t19081208-name-202"/>Cecilia Violet Howard</persName> with intent to murder her; (second count), with intent to do grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Curtis Bennett and Mr. Gangoni prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-203" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-203" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-203" type="surname" value="WARD"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-203" type="given" value="JANE"/>JANE WARD</persName> </hi>, 6, Charles Street, Lambeth, widow. I have lived with prisoner for seven years next January, and at Broadwall for seven months. On October 26, at about eight p.m., I was coming home from my place of business and met the prisoner at the top of Broad
<lb/>wall. He was out of work. We went into the house together. I went upstairs. We had no fire, for I had been out all day, and I said: "Will you fetch some coal and wood?" He said "Yes," and he did so and lit the fire. He was supposed to start work, to he told me, that morning, instead of which I asked him if he had started, and he said, "No." I had been away all day from eight in the morning. We had a few words. I must say I aggravated him. He sat down, and all was quiet, when suddenly he jumped up and picked up the poker. I sat on the chair, and he gave me one blow, and I suppose I was dazed, for I did not attempt to move. This is the poker (produced). My little girl came into the room and came between us to get me away, because, of course, I was hit on the head, and could not move. He dropped the poker when the child screamed. Then I must have come to again with the child screaming. She was hurt. He ran out of the room. I tried to bathe the child's head. The landlord came up and the police. The police took us to St. Thomas's Hospital.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. You have never assaulted me before. We have always been happy together, but you were out of work. You have been a good husband, or rather, acted the part of a husband, and have been always kind to me and the child as well.</p>
<p>By the Court. I am not his wife. I have been living with him, because my second husband was a man of 70, and I only learnt a fortnight before this that I was free, and he may have thought that</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080056"/>
<p>I intended leaving him, but I did not, and had he been in work we should have been married this Christmas.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-204" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-204" type="surname" value="RANK"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-204" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN RANK</persName> </hi>, 64, Broadwall, Lambeth. I am the prisoner's land
<lb/>lord. On the night in question I heard a scuffle, and someone shouted "Stop him." I opened the side door and saw Short coming down
<lb/>stairs. He said: "You do not want me, you are wanted upstairs." He ran up the road, I went upstairs and saw Cissie lying on the floor and the mother bending over and both bleeding from the head. I sent for a constable, who went for a doctor. They had been my tenants for about seven months.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-205" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-205" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-205" type="surname" value="SHORT"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-205" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH SHORT</persName> </hi>, 4, Colley Street, Lambeth. At about 8.40 on the night in question my father came to me in a very agitated manner, and said: "I have murdered the two of them." He did not say who, but I knew who he meant. He walked sharply away then.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<persName id="t19081208-name-206" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-206" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-206" type="surname" value="FROST"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-206" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOSEPH FROST</hi> </persName>, 363
<hi rend="largeCaps">L</hi>. I was in the New Cut at about 8.45 on the night in question and, on information I received, I went to 64, Broadwall, where I found the woman and the girl in the front room, both bleeding from wounds in the head. The girl was practically unconscious and the woman made a statement to me and handed me the poker. I took them to St. Thomas's Hospital and took the poker with me and gave it to the doctor.</p>
<p>Dr.
<persName id="t19081208-name-207" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-207" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-207" type="given" value="BASIL THOMAS PEARSON"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BASIL THOMAS PEARSON SMITH</hi> </persName>, house surgeon, St. Thomas's Hospital. The police-constable brought the woman and the little girl to the hospital between nine and ten on the night in question. I found the woman suffering from four scalp wounds varying from two inches to three inches in length; all of them deep, reaching the bone. They were separate wounds, and probably made by four separate blows. They might be all of a serious nature, or might not be. I dressed them. There was a good deal of blood about. The policeman showed me the poker, which would be capable of pro
<lb/>ducing the wounds.</p>
<p>Police-sergeant
<persName id="t19081208-name-208" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-208" type="surname" value="WOOLLARD"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-208" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ARTHUR WOOLLARD</hi> </persName>, L Division. On the evening of October 30, I went to Victoria Chambers, Westminster, where I saw prisoner and told him who I was and that I held a warrant for his arrest, which I read to him, and told him he would be further charged with wounding Cecilia Howard at the same time and place. He replied: "I did not mean to hurt her." I conveyed him to Ken
<lb/>nington Road Police Station, where he was charged. He made no reply. At the police-station he said when the charge was read over, and he was cautioned, "I am heartily sorry it occurred. I must have been out of my senses at the time."</p>
<p>Prisoner. I wish to say I am heartily sorry for what I have done from the bottom of my heart. I do not know what made me do it, especially the little girl. I never touched her in my life. It was quite an accident.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19081208-33-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-33-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-33-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>Guilty of unlawfully wounding.</rs> </p>
<p>Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">WOOLLARD</hi>, recalled. There is one conviction recorded against prisoner on August 28. 1902. Sentence, Three months' hard labour, at Bow street Police Court, for stealing a bottle of brandy. The officer who arrested prisoner on that occasion tells me that hitherto</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190812080057"/>
<p>he had borne a good character. Since then I have made inquiries, and find that about two months prior to this offence prisoner was out of employment, and for five years prior to that he was employed by two good firms as a bottle washer. They speak very well of him, as a good, sober, hard
<lb/>working man.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19081208-33-punishment-38" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-33-punishment-38" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-33-punishment-38" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-19081208 t19081208-33-punishment-38"/>Four months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19081208-34" type="date" value="19081208"/>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-34-19081208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-34-19081208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19081208" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19081208" type="surname" value="HAYNES"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19081208" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19081208" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HAYNES</hi>, William (21, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19081208-34-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-34-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-34-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>; feloniously wounding
<persName id="t19081208-name-210" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-210" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-210" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-210" type="surname" value="STEEDMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-210" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19081208-34-offence-1 t19081208-name-210"/>eliza
<lb/>beth Steedman</persName>, with intent to murder her; (second count) with in
<lb/>tent to do her grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Symmons prosecuted. Mr. Bootle defended.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-211" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-211" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-211" type="surname" value="STEEDMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-211" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH STEEDMAN</persName> </hi>, 3, Rashleigh Gardens, Clapham. I am 19, and have known prisoner for nine months, keeping company with him. I live with my mother and sister. I have quarrelled with him. On October 17 I went for a walk with my sister, Louisa, and met two young men and we went for a walk with them. We were standing outside the "Hope" beerhouse, when prisoner came out. I ran away. Later that night I was on the steps of my own house with my sister. I was singing. Prisoner lives nearly opposite me. He came across and asked me what was the matter. I said, "Nothing." He pulled me off the step by my wrist and got hold of me round the neck. I then noticed some blood on my dress. I did not see any
<lb/>thing in his hand. I screamed. I was taken to the hospital, where I was for two or three weeks. I still go to the hospital.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I had kept company with prisoner for nine months. I think he was very fond of me and I of him. We talked about marriage. I once came to him and said I was afraid he had got me into trouble. I do not remember whether he then said he would marry me. He had never threatened me before. He is of a rather jealous nature. I gave him cause, as I walked out with other young men sometimes. He was particularly jealous of one named Nutley. On one occasion prisoner blacked my eye after quarrelling about Nutley. I forgave him and asked him to forgive me for walk
<lb/>ing out with Nutley. The night before this he had taken me to a music hall. I do not know whether he thought I was singing to annoy him. I was singing a song that he objected to very much. He had been drinking in the afternoon, but he woke up from it, though he was under the influence of drink. He does sometimes take too much—so do I. I was not drunk.</p>
<p>Re-examined. He has blacked my eye twice.</p>
<p>At this stage prisoner, on the advice of his counsel,
<rs id="t19081208-34-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-34-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-34-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>pleaded guilty to the second count</rs>, upon which a verdict of Guilty was taken.</p>
<p>Dr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">BINGHAM</hi>, house surgeon at St. Thomas's Hospital, described the wounds inflicted on the girl as very serious, her life being in danger for some time.</p>
<p>Sentence.
<rs id="t19081208-34-punishment-39" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-34-punishment-39" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-34-punishment-39" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-34-19081208 t19081208-34-punishment-39"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>.</p>
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<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RECORDER</hi>.</p>
<p>(Friday, December 11.)</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19081208-35" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19081208"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-35" type="date" value="19081208"/>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-35-19081208" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-35-19081208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19081208" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19081208" type="surname" value="HAMMOND"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19081208" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19081208" type="occupation" value="tram-driver"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HAMMOND</hi>, George (36, tram-driver)</persName>
<rs id="t19081208-35-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19081208-35-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-35-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>; unlawfully, by wanton driving, causing grievous bodily harm to
<persName id="t19081208-name-213" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-213" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-213" type="surname" value="STANMORE"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-213" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-213" type="occupation" value="carman"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19081208-35-offence-1 t19081208-name-213"/>Robert Stanmore</persName> and
<persName id="t19081208-name-214" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-214" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-214" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-214" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19081208-35-offence-1 t19081208-name-214"/>Frederick Baker</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Curtis Bennett prosecuted. Mr. George Elliott and Mr. Cecil Fitch defended.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19081208-name-215" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19081208-name-215" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-215" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="t19081208-name-215" type="given" value="FREDERICK WILLIAM"/>FREDERICK WILLIAM BAKER</persName> </hi>, 16, Dawlish Street, Wandsworth Road, labourer. On September 20, 1908, at 6.30 p.m. I was driving in a cart belonging to Higgs and Hill with Stanmore, the carman. We had passed down Primer Road and were crossing Clapham Road to Church Road exactly opposite. No tram was in sight. As we crossed the further tram line the cart was struck by a tram car, and I was throw