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<div1 type="frontMatter" id="f19080721">
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<p>1908, JULY.</p>
<p>Vol. CXLIX.] Part 886.</p>
<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</p>
<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>BELL, MAYOR.</p>
<p>TENTH SESSION,</p>
<p>HELD JULY 21ST, 1908, AND FOLLOWING DAYS.</p>
<p>MINUTES OF EVIDENCE,</p>
<p>TAKEN IN SHORTHAND BY</p>
<p>
<persName id="t19080721-name-1">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-1" type="surname" value="WALPOLE"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-1" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WALPOLE</persName>,</p>
<p>Shorthand Writer to the Court.</p>
<p>POINTS OF LAW AND PRACTICE</p>
<p>EDITED BY</p>
<p>
<persName id="t19080721-name-2">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-2" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>R. F. GRAHAM-CAMPBELL</persName>, ESQUIRE,</p>
<p>OF THE INNER TEMPLE.</p>
<p>[Published by Annual Subscription.]</p>
<p>LONDON:</p>
<p>GEO. WALPOLE, 1, NEW COURT, LINCOLN'S INN, W.C.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210002"/>
<p>PRINTED BY</p>
<p>THE ARGUS PRINTING COMPANY, LIMITED,</p>
<p>CORNER OF TUDOR STREET AND TEMPLE AVENUE,</p>
<p>LONDON, E.C.</p>
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<p>THE</p>
<p>WHOLE PROCEEDINGS</p>
<p>On the King's Commissions of</p>
<p>OYER AND TERMINER AND GAOL DELIVERY</p>
<p>FOR</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>AND GAOL DELIVERY FOR THE</p>
<p>COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX, AND THE PARTS OF THE COUNTIES OF ESSEX, KENT, AND SURREY WITHIN THE JURISDICTION</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT,</p>
<p>Held on Tuesday, July 21st, 1908, and following days.</p>
<p>Before the Right Hon. Sir
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-3" type="surname" value="BELL"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-3" type="given" value="JOHN CHARLES"/>JOHN CHARLES BELL</persName> </hi>, Knight, Alderman,
<hi rend="largeCaps">LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; the
<persName id="t19080721-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-4" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>Rt. Hon. Lord
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALVERSTONE</hi> </persName>, G.C.M.G. (Lord Chief Justice of England), and the Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-5" type="surname" value="SUTTON"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-5" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY SUTTON</persName> </hi>, Justice of His Majesty's High Court; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-6" type="surname" value="ELLIS"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-6" type="given" value="WHITTAKER"/>J. WHITTAKER ELLIS</persName> </hi>, Bart.; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-7" type="surname" value="WILKIN"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-7" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER H. WILKIN</persName> </hi>, K.C.M.G.; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-8" type="surname" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-8" type="given" value="MARCUS"/>MARCUS SAMUEL</persName> </hi>, Bart.; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-9" type="surname" value="TRUSCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-9" type="given" value="GEO WYATT"/>GEO. WYATT TRUSCOTT</persName>;</hi>
<persName id="t19080721-name-10" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-10" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>Sir H. G.
<hi rend="smallCaps">SMALLMAN;</hi> </persName>
<persName id="t19080721-name-11" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-11" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>Lieut.-Col. F.S.
<hi rend="smallCaps">HANSON</hi> </persName>, Aldermen of the said City; and
<persName id="t19080721-name-12" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-12" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>His Honour Judge
<hi rend="smallCaps">RENTOUL</hi> </persName>, K.C., His Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<p>Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-13" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-13" type="surname" value="BURNETT"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-13" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID BURNETT</persName> </hi>, Alderman</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-14" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-14" type="surname" value="WAKEFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-14" type="given" value="CHARLES CHEERS"/>CHARLES CHEERS WAKEFIELD</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-15" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-15" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-15" type="surname" value="ALGAR"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-15" type="given" value="CLAUDIUS GEORGE"/>CLAUDIUS GEORGE ALGAR</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-16" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-16" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-16" type="surname" value="LANGTON"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-16" type="given" value="JOSEPH DAVID"/>JOSEPH DAVID LANGTON</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
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<p>1908.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BELL, MAYOR. TENTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RECORDER</hi>.</p>
<p>(Tuesday, July 21.)</p> </div1>
<p>
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<interp inst="t19080721-name-17" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-17" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-17" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-17" type="given" value="GEORGE FREDERICK"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-17" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHNSON</hi>, George Frederick (27, clerk)</persName>, who pleaded guilty at the April Sessions of house-breaking, larceny of goods, except jewel
<lb/>lery, receiving stolen goods and former conviction of felony (see page 21), came up for judgment.</p>
<p>Mr. Bodkin now stated that prisoner had been sentenced on the previous Saturday at Guildford Assizes by Mr. Justice Jelf to eight years' penal servitude, and the man Delamere with whom prisoner was associated in these offences had previously been sentenced to five years' penal servitude.</p>
<p>Sentence: Three years' penal servitude, to run concurrently with the sentence passed by Mr. Justice Jelf.</p>
<p>Prisoner asked that while in prison he might be put to the trade to which he had been accustomed.</p>
<p>The Recorder said he had no power to make such an order.</p>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">NEDER</hi>, Oswald (35, porter)</persName>, of German nationality,
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<interp inst="t19080721-2-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-2-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> of
<rs id="t19080721-2-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-2-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-2-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>stealing 1 Post Office Savings Bank book, 1 suit of clothes, 1 pair of boots and other articles, the goods of
<persName id="t19080721-name-19" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-19" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-19" type="surname" value="TUFFLI"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-19" type="given" value="EMIL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080721-2-offence-1 t19080721-name-19"/>Emil Tuffli</persName>;</rs>
<rs id="t19080721-2-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-2-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-2-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>forging and utter
<lb/>ing, well knowing the same to be forged, a certain request for the pay
<lb/>ment of money, to wit, a withdrawal notice, for the sum of £7 10s., with intent to defraud; forging and uttering, well knowing the same to be forged, a certain receipt for the payment of money, to wit, the said sum of £7 10s., with intent to defraud.</rs> The book was stolen from a fellow lodger where prisoner was lodging in Stamford Street.</p>
<p>Sentence:
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<interp inst="t19080721-2-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-2-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-2-19080721 t19080721-2-punishment-1"/>Nine months' hard labour; recommended for expulsion under the Aliens' Act.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">ASPINALL</hi>, Percy John, otherwise
<rs id="t19080721-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-3-19080721 t19080721-alias-1"/> Anthony Fitzgerald </rs>(26, joiner)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080721-3-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-3-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-3-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> of
<rs id="t19080721-3-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-3-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-3-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>stealing 1 Savings Bank book, the goods of
<persName id="t19080721-name-21" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-21" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-21" type="surname" value="GUNNELL"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-21" type="given" value="FRANK OSMOND"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080721-3-offence-1 t19080721-name-21"/>Frank Osmond Gunnell</persName>;</rs>
<rs id="t19080721-3-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-3-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-3-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>forging and uttering, knowing the same to be forged, a certain receipt for money, to wit, for the payment of £10, with intent to defraud.</rs> Prisoner has been convicted four times of</p>
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<p>similar offences, and there is a warrant against him for defrauding the Vicar of Horselydown. The present case is robbery from a fellow lodger.</p>
<p>Sentence:
<rs id="t19080721-3-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-3-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-3-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-3-19080721 t19080721-3-punishment-2"/>20 months' imprisonment.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-4-19080721" type="defendantName">
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<interp inst="def1-4-19080721" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19080721" type="surname" value="DIBBLE"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19080721" type="given" value="GEORGE VICTOR"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19080721" type="occupation" value="postman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DIBBLE</hi>, George Victor (23, postman)</persName>
<rs id="t19080721-4-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-4-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-4-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, stealing 1 post packet con
<lb/>taining the sum of 2s. 6d. and other articles, 1 post packet containing a silver watch chain and other articles, 1 post packet containing 1 pair of sleeve links and other articles, the property in each case of the
<persName id="t19080721-name-23" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-23" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080721-4-offence-1 t19080721-name-23"/>Postmaster-General</persName>, he being employed under Post Office.</rs> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t19080721-4-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-4-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-4-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/> </rs>Sentence:
<rs id="t19080721-4-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-4-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-4-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-4-19080721 t19080721-4-punishment-3"/>Nine months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-5-19080721" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-5-19080721" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19080721" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19080721" type="surname" value="HICKEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19080721" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19080721" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HICKEY</hi>, James (36, clerk)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080721-5-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-5-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-5-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> of
<rs id="t19080721-5-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-5-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-5-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>feloniously demand
<lb/>ing the sum of £1 in money by virtue of a certain forged and altered instrument, to wit, a forged and altered deposit book of the Post Office Savings Bank, knowing the same to be forged and altered, with intent to defraud.</rs> He also confessed to a conviction at Dublin Quarter Sessions of obtaining money by false pretences. Prisoner, who had been employed in the Post Office in Ireland, came to London in June, and on June 12 opened an account at the chief office of the Savings Bank with 1s. Next day he came back, and produced the Savings Bank book, in which he had entered above the 1s. the sum of £40 on the same date, and asked to withdraw a sum of money regardless of the fact that under the rules of the P.O. four days must elapse from the time of the account being opened. It being obvious to the officials that a fraud was being attempted, the police were communi
<lb/>cated with.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080721-5-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-5-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-5-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-5-19080721 t19080721-5-punishment-4"/>Eighteen months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-6-19080721" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-6-19080721" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19080721" type="age" value="48"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19080721" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19080721" type="given" value="GEORGE JESSE"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19080721" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CLARK</hi>, George Jesse (48, labourer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080721-6-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-6-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-6-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> of
<rs id="t19080721-6-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-6-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-6-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19080721-name-26" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-26" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-26" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-26" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080721-6-offence-1 t19080721-name-26"/>Louisa Thompson</persName>, his wife being still alive.</rs> He also con
<lb/>fessed to a conviction for felony at Marlborough-street in 1899. His wife became an inmate of Hanwell in 1905 and the bigamous marriage was contracted in 1906, after six months' acquaintance with the woman, prisoner describing himself as a widower. In answer to the Recorder, the woman Thompson said prisoner had treated her well. The prosecution was instigated by the police after prisoner had been arrested on a charge of stealing £150 in connection with his business of furniture removals.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080721-6-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-6-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-6-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-6-19080721 t19080721-6-punishment-5"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19080721-7" type="date" value="19080721"/>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-7-19080721" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-7-19080721" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19080721" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19080721" type="surname" value="ERNST"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19080721" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19080721" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ERNST</hi>, William (22, labourer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080721-7-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-7-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-7-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> of
<rs id="t19080721-7-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-7-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-7-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>being entrusted by
<persName id="t19080721-name-28" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-28" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-28" type="surname" value="MEUX"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-28" type="given" value="JOHN WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080721-7-offence-1 t19080721-name-28"/>John William Meux</persName> and others with certain money, to wit, £14 2s. 3d., in order to retain it in safe custody, did fraudulently convert the same to his own use and benefit.</rs> The money entrusted to prisoner was contributed in small sums by his fellow labourers with a view to the annual outing. When called upon to pay the railway fares he stated that he had gambled it away backing horses and was very sorry. The money was made good by prisoner's employers and Mr. Cluer, the police magistrate before whom prisoner was brought.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080721-7-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-7-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-7-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-7-19080721 t19080721-7-punishment-6"/>One month's imprisonment, second division.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080721-8">
<interp inst="t19080721-8" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080721"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-8" type="date" value="19080721"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080721-8-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-8-19080721 t19080721-8-offence-1 t19080721-8-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210007"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-8-19080721" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-8-19080721" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19080721" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19080721" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19080721" type="given" value="GEORGE WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19080721" type="occupation" value="auxiliary postman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERTS</hi>, George Williams (20, auxiliary postman)</persName>
<rs id="t19080721-8-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-8-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-8-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, stealing one postal letter, containing two postal orders for £1 and 10s. re
<lb/>spectively, the property of the
<persName id="t19080721-name-30" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-30" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080721-8-offence-1 t19080721-name-30"/>Postmaster-General</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t19080721-8-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-8-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-8-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/> </rs>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080721-8-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-8-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-8-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-8-19080721 t19080721-8-punishment-7"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080721-9">
<interp inst="t19080721-9" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080721"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-9" type="date" value="19080721"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080721-9-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-19080721 t19080721-9-offence-1 t19080721-9-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080721-9-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-9-19080721 t19080721-9-offence-1 t19080721-9-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-9-19080721" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-9-19080721" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19080721" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19080721" type="surname" value="DONOVAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19080721" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19080721" type="occupation" value="shoemaker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DONOVAN</hi>, John (40, shoemaker)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-9-19080721" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-9-19080721" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-9-19080721" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def2-9-19080721" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="def2-9-19080721" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="def2-9-19080721" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHNSON</hi>, Edward (34, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19080721-9-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-9-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-9-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, indicted for robbery with violence upon
<persName id="t19080721-name-33" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-33" type="surname" value="WHEELER"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-33" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080721-9-offence-1 t19080721-name-33"/>John Wheeler</persName> and stealing from him the sum of 18s.,</rs>
<rs id="t19080721-9-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-9-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-9-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty to robbery without violence.</rs> Many previous convictions against both prisoners for similar offences were proved.</p>
<p>Sentence:
<rs id="t19080721-9-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-9-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-9-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-19080721 t19080721-9-punishment-8"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-9-19080721 t19080721-9-punishment-8"/>Each prisoner, Seven years' penal servitude.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080721-10">
<interp inst="t19080721-10" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080721"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-10" type="date" value="19080721"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080721-10-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-19080721 t19080721-10-offence-1 t19080721-10-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-10-19080721" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-10-19080721" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19080721" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19080721" type="surname" value="BARRETT"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19080721" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19080721" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BARRETT</hi>, William (23, labourer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080721-10-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-10-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-10-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> of
<rs id="t19080721-10-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-10-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-10-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>committing an act of gross indecency with another male person.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080721-10-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-10-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-10-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-19080721 t19080721-10-punishment-9"/>Four months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080721-11">
<interp inst="t19080721-11" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080721"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-11" type="date" value="19080721"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080721-11-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-19080721 t19080721-11-offence-1 t19080721-11-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080721-11-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-11-19080721 t19080721-11-offence-1 t19080721-11-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-11-19080721" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-11-19080721" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19080721" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19080721" type="surname" value="ROBINSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19080721" type="given" value="FRANK"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19080721" type="occupation" value="newspaper cyclist"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBINSON</hi>, Frank (22, newspaper cyclist)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-11-19080721" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-11-19080721" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-11-19080721" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def2-11-19080721" type="surname" value="DRAGE"/>
<interp inst="def2-11-19080721" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def2-11-19080721" type="occupation" value="baker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DRAGE</hi>, William (21, baker)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080721-11-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-11-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-11-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> of
<rs id="t19080721-11-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-11-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-11-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>stealing one bicycle and one suit, the goods of
<persName id="t19080721-name-37" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-37" type="surname" value="GUENIGAULT"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-37" type="given" value="SIDNEY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080721-11-offence-1 t19080721-name-37"/>Sidney Guenigault</persName>, and feloniously receiving the same, well knowing them to have been stolen; stealing one bicycle and one suit, the goods of
<persName id="t19080721-name-38" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-38" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-38" type="surname" value="GUENIGAULT"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-38" type="given" value="SIDNEY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080721-11-offence-1 t19080721-name-38"/>Sidney Guenigault</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Drage was described by the police as a professioal bicycle thief, and was sentenced to
<rs id="t19080721-11-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-11-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-11-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-11-19080721 t19080721-11-punishment-10"/>Twenty months' hard labour;</rs> Robinson, against whom there was no previous conviction, was sentenced to
<rs id="t19080721-11-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-11-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-11-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-19080721 t19080721-11-punishment-11"/>Nine months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080721-12">
<interp inst="t19080721-12" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080721"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-12" type="date" value="19080721"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080721-12-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-19080721 t19080721-12-offence-1 t19080721-12-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-12-19080721" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-12-19080721" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19080721" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19080721" type="surname" value="TIFFIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19080721" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19080721" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">TIFFIN</hi>, George (24, labourer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080721-12-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-12-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-12-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> of
<rs id="t19080721-12-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-12-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-12-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>breaking and entering the shop of
<persName id="t19080721-name-40" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-40" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080721-12-offence-1 t19080721-name-40"/>Ye Mecca, Limited</persName>, in
<placeName id="t19080721-geo-1">
<interp inst="t19080721-geo-1" type="type" value="street"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080721-12-offence-1 t19080721-geo-1"/>Gresham Street</placeName>, and steal
<lb/>ing therein the sum of 8s. 9 1/2 d. and one packet of cigarettes, their goods.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner, who was an old offender, was sentenced to
<rs id="t19080721-12-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-12-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-12-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-19080721 t19080721-12-punishment-12"/>Three years' penal servitude.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080721-13">
<interp inst="t19080721-13" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080721"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-13" type="date" value="19080721"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080721-13-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-19080721 t19080721-13-offence-1 t19080721-13-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-13-19080721" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-13-19080721" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19080721" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19080721" type="surname" value="WILBOURNE"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19080721" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19080721" type="occupation" value="steward"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILBOURNE</hi>, Charles, otherwise
<rs id="t19080721-alias-2" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-19080721 t19080721-alias-2"/> Charles Collyer </rs>(19, steward)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080721-13-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-13-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-13-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> of
<rs id="t19080721-13-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-13-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-13-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>stealing one suit of clothes and one pair of boots, the goods of
<persName id="t19080721-name-42" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-42" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-42" type="surname" value="TURTON"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-42" type="given" value="PERCY HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080721-13-offence-1 t19080721-name-42"/>Percy Henry Turton</persName>; stealing one bracelet and other articles, the goods of
<persName id="t19080721-name-43" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-43" type="surname" value="PRYOR"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-43" type="given" value="ALBERT JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080721-13-offence-1 t19080721-name-43"/>Albert James Pryor</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>The robbery was effected at an hotel in Aldgate Street, and it was stated that prisoner lived by taking lodgings for the purpose of stealing. Several previous convictions were proved.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080721-13-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-13-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-13-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-19080721 t19080721-13-punishment-13"/>Eighteen months' hard labour</rs>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Tuesday, July 21.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080721-14">
<interp inst="t19080721-14" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080721"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-14" type="date" value="19080721"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080721-14-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-19080721 t19080721-14-offence-1 t19080721-14-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-14-19080721" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-14-19080721" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19080721" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19080721" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19080721" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19080721" type="occupation" value="carman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRIS</hi>, John (34, carman)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080721-14-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-14-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-14-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> of
<rs id="t19080721-14-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-14-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-14-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin, knowing the same to be counterfeit.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080721-14-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-14-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-14-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-19080721 t19080721-14-punishment-14"/>Five months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080721-15">
<interp inst="t19080721-15" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080721"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-15" type="date" value="19080721"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080721-15-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19080721 t19080721-15-offence-1 t19080721-15-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210008"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-15-19080721" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-15-19080721" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19080721" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19080721" type="surname" value="STEINKELLER"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19080721" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19080721" type="occupation" value="presser"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">STEINKELLER</hi>, Joseph (30, presser)</persName>
<rs id="t19080721-15-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-15-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-15-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, unlawfully uttering counter
<lb/>feit coin on
<rs id="t19080721-cd-1" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080721-15-offence-1 t19080721-cd-1"/>June 20</rs> and on
<rs id="t19080721-cd-2" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080721-15-offence-1 t19080721-cd-2"/>June 23, 1908</rs>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Wilkinson prosecuted; Mr. Mackenzie defended.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-46" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-46" type="surname" value="FULLER"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-46" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK FULLER</persName> </hi>, 222, Brunswick Road, Bromley-by-Bow, tram conductor. On June 20 prisoner was a passenger on the top of my car; it was either the 9.30 or the 10.50 journey. I went to him to collect the fare, one penny. He tendered half a crown; it was very light, and I tested it with my teeth and found it was a bad one. I asked him if he had any more like that, and I told him it was a bad one, and he produced a purse containing two half-crowns. They were both good, and I took the fare from one of them. I gave him the bad one back and his change. On the 23rd I again saw prisoner on my car at 9.30 a.m. He again went on the top. I went up for the fare, one penny, and he tendered me half a crown, which I saw was bad; it was very light, and I snapped it in two instantly in his presence. He produced a similar purse to the one he produced on the 20th; it contained two half-crowns perfectly good. I took one of them and gave him two shillings in silver and fivepence in coppers change. There was a detective-sergeant riding on the car at the time and I gave prisoner into his custody.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I collect a large number of fares and see a great many people in the course of the different journeys in the car. Pri
<lb/>soner is not an uncommon type among Russian Jews, but I do not think I am mistaken about him; I took more than ordinary notice of him, because I thought he was going to try to do me. If four people were to come here and say that prisoner was not out of his house on the evening of the 20th at all, that would not make me alter my opinion, because I feel convinced he is the man that tried to pass the bad half-crown on the 20th, and I told him so on the 23rd when I broke the bad half-crown he tendered me. Besides the two good half-crowns in the purse there was a cheque also.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-47" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-47" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-47" type="surname" value="BROGDEN"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-47" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BROGDEN</persName> </hi>, Detective-sergeant, H Division. At 9.30 a.m. on June 23 I was travelling on the tramcar of which Fuller was con
<lb/>ductor. I saw prisoner on the top. I heard Fuller say to him: "You are the same man that gave me a bad half-crown on Saturday night." Prisoner replied: "Not me," in broken English. I took him into cus
<lb/>tody and searched him and found one good half-crown and a two-shilling piece and fivepence in bronze. I took him to the station at Commercial Street, where he was charged with the two utterings; he made no reply. He was subsequently taken to Old Street, and through the interpreter he said, "I had the half-crown given to me on Sunday night at a wedding; I know who gave it to me." I took pos
<lb/>session of the counterfeit half-crown on the car which Fuller had pre
<lb/>viously broken with his teeth. I produce the coin. I took it from the prisoner because Fuller had returned it to him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-48" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-48" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>, Inspector of Coins, H. M. Mint. The half-crown produced to me is counterfeit; it is very well made.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210009"/>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-49" type="surname" value="STEINKELLER"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-49" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH STEINKELLER</persName> </hi> (prisoner on oath, through an interpreter). I live at 6, Marion Street, Commercial Road. I have been in this country about 15 months. On the afternoon of Saturday, June 20, I was in bed until six o'clock. I did not go out because we were ex
<lb/>pecting visitors. A few visitors came to us, and the housekeeper and his wife and we enjoyed ourselves; they stayed until about 12 p.m. Two of them came just before six and two of them came just after six. After the visitors left we went up to my housekeeper's rooms and had tea and stayed up till about one o'clock, and then we went to bed. The reason of the gathering at my house on the Saturday evening was because on the following day was the wedding of my niece, who was brought up in my place. On Tuesday morning, June 23, I had to go to Dalston, and I got on a tramcar. When the conductor came for the fare I took out half a crown and gave it him. He said it was no good, so I told him to try it; he tried the half-crown and broke it. Then I took out another half-crown and gave it him, and he gave me a ticket and two and fivepence change. I got the half-crown when I was sit
<lb/>ting at a table at the wedding; somebody gave me the half-crown and asked me to give him smaller change for it; I remember this particular half-crown because it was a new one.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Joseph Romanio gave me the half-crown.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-50" type="surname" value="LABOUVITCH"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-50" type="given" value="DAVIS"/>DAVIS LABOUVITCH</persName> </hi> (through an interpreter). I live at 6, Marion Street. Prisoner has rooms at my house. On Saturday evening, June 20, prisoner had visitors; they remained till about 12 o'clock and prisoner was with them all the time.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I saw prisoner from the time he got up until 12 o'clock; we were upstairs and downstairs all the time enjoying our
<lb/>selves; there was to be a wedding next day.</p>
<p>Re-examined. Prisoner and his wife have been lodgers in my house for 15 months.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-51" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-51" type="surname" value="LABOUVITCH"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-51" type="given" value="NETTIE"/>NETTIE LABOUVITCH</persName> </hi>, wife of last witness. Prisoner lives at our house. I remember the night of June 20 because prisoner had a party that evening. He never left the house that night.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. My husband and myself were at the party and I saw prisoner the whole of the time till he went to bed about half-past twelve. It would take about 15 minutes to get to the tramcars from our house.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-52" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-52" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-52" type="surname" value="ROMANIO"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-52" type="given" value="RACHAEL"/>RACHAEL ROMANIO</persName> </hi>, 1 Wilson Street. I was brought up by prisoner. I am the lady that was married at the wedding that has been men
<lb/>tioned. I was at the party and saw prisoner the whole of the time; he never went out at all. I remember at the wedding prisoner giving Joseph Romanio, my husband's brother, change for half a crown.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Joseph Romanio came round to change the half-crown because music was playing at the wedding and he wanted some small money to pay the musicians with, and I saw Joseph Steinkeller change it.</p>
<p>At this point the Jury stopped the case and found prisoner
<rs id="t19080721-15-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-15-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-15-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19080721-16" type="date" value="19080721"/>
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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210010"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-16-19080721" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-16-19080721" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19080721" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19080721" type="surname" value="HATHAWAY"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19080721" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19080721" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HATHAWAY</hi>, William (27, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19080721-16-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-16-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-16-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, feloniously possessing counterfeit coin with intent to utter same.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Sands prosecuted.</p>
<p>Detective
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-54" type="surname" value="COURSE"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-54" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN COURSE</persName> </hi>, L Division. I was with Sergeant Beard in plain clothes in Cornwall Road, Stamford Street, about one o'clock on the afternoon of June 29. I saw prisoner with two other men, one of them called English. I saw Hathaway take something from his right vest pocket and hand it to English. They walked to the top of Duke Street and Sergeant Beard and I caught hold of them. Prisoner struggled very violently and I had to throw him to the ground, and I called to the crowd which had gathered for assistance, telling them that he had got counterfeit coins. During the struggle he forced his hand down and took a handful of something that looked like money from his right vest pocket; he also had something in paper in his mouth. I forced two half-crowns out of his hand, and he scattered some among the crowd. He called out, "Do not let him have my money; look after me, Ted." I saw a carman pick one up and a boy another; I am sure there were five in addition to these two that I took from him; I am almost sure these are bad. I took him into custody. He said, "I have cheated you, you f—r; I have got no counterfeit coins; you ought to have got the others; they have got them." On the way to the station he said, "Now, don't be wicked and I will tell you how to catch those people that do make them." He was searched, and I found 5d. in his back trousers pocket. I afterwards found close to where the struggle took place the piece of paper now produced; it appears to be folded as if it had had money wrapped in it. When charged with having been in possession of seven counterfeit coins he said, "Seven—I never had any"; when asked for his address he first said he had no fixed abode, then he said he lived with English, the other prisoner, and subsequently he said 77, Blackfriars Road. I went there and found he did not live there. I subsequently went to a house occupied by Mrs. Small in Ethel Street. She showed me a first-floor back room, which I searched. I found a file with metal substance on it, some lamp black in a tin, and two tins containing chalk. I also found this saucepan, which is burnt at the bottom, and in the dustbin in the yard I found a large quantity of plaster all broken up into small pieces similar to the piece I pro
<lb/>duce. Sergeant Beard gave me a piece of metal which fits exactly into the ridge at the bottom of the saucepan. The things produced are the sort of things that are used in the making of counterfeit coins.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. I did not rush at you with force in Stamford Street so that we both fell to the ground. When I took you to the station I did not charge you there and then. It was about one or a quarter-past when I took you to the station; it was not just after 12; you were there about an hour and a half before you were charged; pos
<lb/>sibly it was 20 minutes past four before you were put in the dock and charged. You were not charged at once because we wanted to go and find some of the coins that you had thrown away. I did go to Stam
<lb/>ford Street and find the piece of paper I produced; it was in the gutter; that was about three-quarters of an hour afterwards. I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210011"/>
<p>went to your place and searched the room at eight o'clock the same evening and found the articles I produced, the lampblack in a little dubbin tin, the chalk, the file, and so on. The lampblack was pro
<lb/>duced at the police court. I found it on the mantelpiece; this is the tin it was in; I did produce this tin at the police court. I also found the saucepan; I did not take it to the station, because I did not think it necessary at that time. The piece of metal Sergeant Beard gave me fits that saucepan. I do not know whether it would fit any other. I did search your room thoroughly; I did not find the piece of metal, there. I found the saucepan in the fender.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, July 22.)</p>
<p>Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-55" type="surname" value="BEARD"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-55" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN BEARD</persName> </hi>, L Division. Before the struggle in which prisoner and English were arrested, I saw the former take out of his pocket a coin which appeared to be a half-crown and hand it to another man, when Sergeant Course arrested Hathaway and I Eng
<lb/>lish. Subsequently on July 2 I went to 28, Ethel Street, Lambeth, and was shown into a room by the landlady, Harriett Small, and there I found in a cupboard a piece of metal with traces of plaster of paris upon it; upon the washhand stand I found some sand and was handed a piece of metal by Mrs. Small (produced). On the 4th I again attended and was handed a metal saucepan with metal adhering to it and burnt, and amongst some coal in a locked room I found a number of pieces of burnt plaster of paris, in one of which was the dove-tailed mark of a mould, so made to fix into another mould; those things I handed to Sergeant Box.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. I found the pieces of plaster in the locked front room, and was told you occupied the back, and that the coal had been taken from your room and put in there. The saucepan was in the fire place, and I took possession of it as evidence against you. It was probably overlooked by the detective who made the first search owing to his inexperience with regard to searching coiners' premises and not knowing what they used. The saucepan appears to have been used without water, and the metal adhering to it is similar to metal I have seen in other melting pots.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-56" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-56" type="surname" value="FOSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-56" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE FOSTER</persName> </hi>, wife of Henry Foster, 72, Stamford Street. At one o'clock in the day on June 29 I was sitting in the hall looking out of the door and saw the traffic stop and a crowd collect. I went out to see what was the matter and saw some person struggling with the prisoner—probably Sergeant Course. The man was on the ground and I saw him drop several coins which looked like two-shilling and half-crown pieces, but whether they were good or bad I don't know. I had my foot on one, but a boy when I moved my foot picked it up and took it away. I also saw a boy take something out of the pri
<lb/>soner's hand.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. At the police court I said that I saw a man take something out of your hand and your left-hand pocket. That was when you were got up from the ground and were being taken to the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210012"/>
<p>police station, three or four officers were taking you, but I am not aware that a constable was holding you. I do not know who the man was who took the something from you.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-57" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-57" type="surname" value="SMALL"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-57" type="given" value="HARRIETT"/>HARRIETT SMALL</persName> </hi>, widow, 28, Ethel Street, Lambeth. I let part of my house to my daughter. I know the prisoner. About five weeks ago he and a woman, who was supposed to be his wife, and a little boy came to lodge at my house under the name of Smith; they stopped there till June 29. They occupied the first-floor back room, which was furnished. Smith frequently had callers, particularly the man English, who used to call every morning and see Smith down
<lb/>stairs, but more frequently he would go up to his room. I remember the police officer coming and searching the premises, and after that somebody came and asked for Mrs. Smith, and saw her. Mrs. Smith then brought some rubbish down and threw it into the dusthole, and then went out in a great hurry; after that, with the exception of a short time in the evening when she came back, I have seen nothing more of her, from which I concluded her husband was locked up. Sergeant Course came the same day and found some things amongst the ashes. On April 1 my granddaughter was sweeping Smith's room and found a piece of metal underneath the skirting near the wash
<lb/>stand. She brought it down to me and I gave it to the police officer. There was a cupboard in the room, and I took out from it some coal and wood and put it in the lower front room, and afterwards the officer went and searched amongst that. The saucepan (produced) is my saucepan which I lent them to cook their food in. I have had it many years.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Prisoner. I took the coal from your cupboard down to the front parlour to take care of it, because your missus said that you would come back later on and fetch it. The officer could not have said that he found the coal in the front room upstairs.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-58" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-58" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-58" type="surname" value="LENHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-58" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>MARGARET LENHAM</persName> </hi> (10 years old). I am the granddaughter of the last witness and reside with her. I remember prisoner residing at my grandmother's house. Two days after Smith left I was sweeping his room and found a piece of metal under the skirting board by the washstand in the first-floor back furnished room, and the spoon (pro
<lb/>duced) on the floor.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-59" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-59" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-59" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-59" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>, Inspector of Counterfeit Coins, H. M. Mint. The two coins shown to me are bad. Certain articles have been produced to me, viz., a spoon, with traces of metal adhering, evidently used for pouring metal into a mould, a piece of glass with marks of plaster upon it, and used for making moulds with, a piece of metal which seems to have fitted into some pot, a file with piece of metal upon it, some lampblack, and other articles used by coiners.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Prisoner. It is almost impossible to say whether there has been molten metal in the saucepan, as there was no metal adhering to the bottom. You may not know what I mean by lampblack, which is used to give tone to the coins, and other sub
<lb/>stances may be used for the same purpose. We generally, however, in these cases find lampblack.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080721-16-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-16-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-16-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080721-17">
<interp inst="t19080721-17" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080721"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-17" type="date" value="19080721"/>
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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210013"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-17-19080721" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-17-19080721" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19080721" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19080721" type="surname" value="ENGLISH"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19080721" type="given" value="WILLIAM JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19080721" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ENGLISH</hi>, William James (23, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19080721-17-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-17-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-17-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, was then indicted for feloniously possessing counterfeit coin with intent to utter same.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-61" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-61" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>SERGEANT BEARD</persName> </hi>, L Division. I was with Sergeant Course on June 29 in the Cornwall Road and saw English in company of Hatha
<lb/>way, who has just been convicted. Having suspicions of them we followed them, and Sergeant Course proceeded to arrest Hathaway while I went after English. I laid hold of him, but he broke away, and after pursuing him through several streets ran him to earth in a stable in Blackfriars. He then said without my speaking to him, "I have not got any counterfeit coin." I found, however, a bad shilling in his vest pocket, and said I should take him to Kennington Lane Station. He then became very violent, and I had to threaten to use my truncheon, though I had not got one. I then got assistance and took him to the station. There he refused his address, but upon my saying I knew it he gave me 222, Southwark Bridge Road, which was a place where he occupied two rooms with his mother. I after
<lb/>wards went to 28, Ethel Street, Lambeth, and found the articles which have been produced in the charge against Hathaway. Before I and Sergeant Course proceeded to arrest the men I saw Hathaway take something out of his pocket and hand it to another man. It ap
<lb/>peared to be two shillings or a half-crown. I then saw English take something out of his pocket, show it to Hathaway, and then put it into his pocket and walk away. Nothing was found in his pocket but a shilling, but he threw away something while he was being pursued.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. It was a fact that Sergeant Course and I followed you into Stamford Street in a cart, and I first laid hold of you in that street, but you broke away and ran off. When we were following you we were afraid we should be seen, and finding a van proceeding in our direction we asked permission of the carman to ride in the van, so that we could keep you under observation without being seen. When we arrived along side you, we jumped out and arrested you. But for the assistance of the carman the probability is that we should have been seen and could not have arrested you.</p>
<p>Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-62" type="surname" value="COURSE"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-62" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN COURSE</persName> </hi>, L Division. On June 29 I was in Corn
<lb/>wall Road with Sergeant Beard, and after watching them for five or 10 minutes Hathaway handed something to English. I then arrested Hathaway after a struggle, during which I saw some coins in his hand, which he threw away amongst the crowd. I went to Hatha
<lb/>way's room that same night and found articles such as coiners use, which have been produced.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-63" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-63" type="surname" value="SMALL"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-63" type="given" value="HARRIETT"/>HARRIETT SMALL</persName> </hi>, widow, 28, Ethel Street. I let the first-floor back room of my house to Mr. and Mrs. Smith about May 10 last. I now know Smith by the name of Hathaway, who has been found guilty of having counterfeit coins in his possession. I have seen the young man in the dock almost every morning. He used to call for the prisoner Hathaway and either go up with him to his room or go away with him. I remember June 29, the day of the arrest, when they both went out together. I afterwards showed the room Smith occupied to the officers.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210014"/>
<p>To Prisoner. You may not have seen me before, but I have seen you many times; every morning almost; and many times you have walked up and down our yard, the two of you together.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-64" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-64" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-64" type="surname" value="LENHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-64" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>MARGARET LENHAM</persName> </hi>. I live with my grandmother, the last witness, at 28, Ethel Street, and remember Smith and his wife lodging there. I have seen English outside 28, Ethel Street, calling on Smith.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. I go to school and come home about 12 o'clock in the day. I go back to school at a quarter to two, and saw you during the interval when I was at home.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-65" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-65" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-65" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. The two half-crowns produced are counterfeit, and the other articles produced to me are such as are used in the making of such coins.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080721-17-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-17-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-17-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Sentences: Hathaway,
<rs id="t19080721-17-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-17-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-17-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-19080721 t19080721-17-punishment-15"/>five years' penal servitude;</rs> English,
<rs id="t19080721-17-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-17-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-17-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-19080721 t19080721-17-punishment-16"/>15 months' hard labour.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE MR</hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUSTICE SUTTON</hi>.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, July 22.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080721-18">
<interp inst="t19080721-18" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080721"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-18" type="date" value="19080721"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080721-18-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-19080721 t19080721-18-offence-1 t19080721-18-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-18-19080721" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-18-19080721" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19080721" type="age" value="52"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19080721" type="surname" value="BLAKE"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19080721" type="given" value="GEORGE ALFRED"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19080721" type="occupation" value="carpenter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BLAKE</hi>, George Alfred (52, carpenter)</persName>
<rs id="t19080721-18-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-18-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-18-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>, was charged on coroner's inquisition with the manslaughter of
<persName id="t19080721-name-67" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-67" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-67" type="surname" value="BLAKE"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-67" type="given" value="HARRIET"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080721-18-offence-1 t19080721-name-67"/>Harriet Blake</persName>.</rs>
<rs id="t19080721-18-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-18-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-18-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>The Grand Jury having ignored an indictment for manslaughter, no evidence was offered on the inquisition and a verdict of Not guilty was returned.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080721-19">
<interp inst="t19080721-19" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080721"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-19" type="date" value="19080721"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080721-19-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-19-19080721 t19080721-19-offence-1 t19080721-19-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-19-19080721" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-19-19080721" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19080721" type="age" value="48"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19080721" type="surname" value="BETTS"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19080721" type="given" value="FK"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19080721" type="occupation" value="no occupation"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BETTS</hi>, Fk. (48, no occupation)</persName>;
<rs id="t19080721-19-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-19-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-19-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>feloniously shooting at
<persName id="t19080721-name-69" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-69" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-69" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-69" type="given" value="THOMAS JABEZ"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080721-19-offence-1 t19080721-name-69"/>Thomas Jabez Wood</persName>, with intent to commit murder; feloniously wounding the said Wood with intent to commit murder.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Eustace Fulton and Mr. Laurie prosecuted; Mr. C. F. Gill, K. C., Mr. Curtis Bennett, and Mr. Huntly Jenkins defended.</p>
<p>Inspector
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-70" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-70" type="surname" value="FOWLER"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-70" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY FOWLER</persName> </hi>, W Division. On May 17 I saw prisoner detained at Clapham Police Station. I said to him, "I am a police inspector; you will be detained here until the result of the examina
<lb/>tion of Mr. Wood, who is now in St. Thomas's Hospital, is known." Prisoner said, "Is he shot?" I said, "Yes." He said, "That's a bad job. You know, he and others have persecuted me for the past seven years; I have recently lost between £30, 000 and £40, 000 through them, and only last week they threatened to put the brokers in and sell me up. I went to the house peacefully this morning, when I was told he was not in, and the door slammed in my face; this all comes through relations marrying to each other." Later in the evening I formally charged him with attempted murder; he made no reply.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have made inquiries as to prisoner's history and have had interviews with his brother Alexander; prisoner has been under the special observation of the doctor in prison.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-71" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-71" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-71" type="given" value="THOMAS JABEZ"/>THOMAS JABEZ WOOD</persName> </hi>, 73, Rodenhurst Road, Clapham Park. Pri
<lb/>soner is my brother-in-law. I last saw him, previous to May 17, about seven or eight years ago. On May 16 I received from him the letter produced. (A rambling letter.) I did not reply to it. On</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210015"/>
<p>Sunday morning, May 17, I left home shortly after 12, going across Clapham Common to meet my wife coming out of church; I was with Mr. Herbert Betts; on our way we met Mr. Davis. While we were talking to him I felt two blows on my back; I did not realise what had happened till I looked over my shoulder and saw prisoner firing a revolver; I dodged round some railings; I saw him point the revolver at me again and fire; he did not again hit me. The coat produced is the one I was then wearing; it has two shot holes at the back.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have known prisoner about 15 years. Origi
<lb/>nally he was in a good position and attended satisfactorily to his busi
<lb/>ness. His wife died about 10 years ago. After that there was a change in his conduct, and he has since been going on very strangely and has been a source of great anxiety to everybody. His friends have tried to get him to see a specialist, Dr. Savage. One of pri
<lb/>soner's ideas was that my wife was out of her mind; another that my sister would carry death with her into any house she entered. He used to write letters of an extraordinary character to different mem
<lb/>bers of the family. For some years I have not considered him a responsible man. His idea that I have been persecuting him is an insane delusion.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-72" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-72" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-72" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-72" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK A. DAVIS</persName> </hi>. I was with the last witness on the occasion men
<lb/>tioned. As I was shaking hands with him I heard a shot fired; Wood started to run away and prisoner ran after him, shooting as he ran; he fired three or four more shots; he was distinctly pointing the pistol at Wood. I ran after him and eventually I caught him, just after he threw the pistol away. He said, "You need not trouble, I will not give any bother." A crowd collected, and he said, "If you knew all you would sympathise with me; this man has robbed me of my daughter."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-73" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-73" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-73" type="surname" value="SELBY"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-73" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH SELBY</persName> </hi>, labourer. On May 17, about 12.30, I was about 400 yards from the church, when I heard the report of firearms; I turned quickly round, and immediately there was another report. I saw Wood running down the footpath towards me, followed by prisoner. Prisoner was firing as he went As he was about to fire he steadied in his pace, and pointed the pistol at Wood; the fifth shot he fired with the pistol leaning on some railings. When I got up to him he threw the revolver at my feet, saying, "There you are, I am done with it; this is all over family troubles." I picked up the revolver and handed it to the police.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner appeared to be in a state of great agitation. At the police-station he was in a state of collapse.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-74" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-74" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-74" type="surname" value="COWELL"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-74" type="given" value="BESSIE"/>BESSIE COWELL</persName> </hi>, servant at 73, Rodenhurst Road, proved that pri
<lb/>soner called there early on May 17 and asked for Wood. She replied that he was not in, and prisoner left.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t19080721-name-75" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-75" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">A. MANSELL</hi> </persName>, 71 W. I was on patrol duty on Clapham Common on May 17 about half-past twelve, when I saw a crowd by the parish church. I went up and saw prisoner sitting on some iron rail
<lb/>ings. Several people called out "A man has been shot." Prisoner said to me. "All right, I won't run away; I have been persecuted for the last seven years by this man; thank God this is the end; I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210016"/>
<p>fired to frighten him." I took him to the station, where he was searched. There were found on him five loaded ball-cartridges, which fit the revolver handed to me by Selby. The revolver contained five discharged cartridges.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t19080721-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-76" type="surname" value="BRADFORD"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-76" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>Dr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALFRED BRADFORD</hi> </persName>, St. Thomas's Hospital. I saw Wood when he was brought in on May 17. His clothing was bloodstained. There were two wounds on his shoulder; one was simply a contusion, the other penetrated the skin. He was X-rayed. A bullet was located in the region of the shoulder blade, and afterwards removed. Judging from the position of the bullet, I should say the shot had been fired from a distance of four or five yards from Wood.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-77" type="surname" value="BETTS"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-77" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>ALEXANDER BETTS</persName> </hi>. Prisoner is my brother. Up to about 10 years ago prisoner was an active business man, taking a great interest in his affairs. Then his first wife died, and a great change came over him. His condition has been a source of great anxiety to all the family, and we have tried to get him to see a specialist. He had the idea that his daughter's mind was affected; also that his second wife carried death into any house she visited; also about his death taking place at a particular time; he ordered his coffin for a particular date. (Witness detailed other delusions.) He has written me some extraordinary letters.</p>
<p>Mr. Gill was proposing to read some of the letters, when prisoner interposed. He said that he had already been charged in respect of these letters and had been bound over, and it was unfair again to bring them up against him. This was a deliberate conspiracy on the part of the witness and others to have him (prisoner) declared insane. The witness himself had been insane, and ought not to be allowed to give evidence. As to any medical evidence that might be called, prisoner asked that he might have the opportunity of calling independent specialist witnesses. Dr. Scott had been written to by prisoner's brothers out of spite and malevolence, to try to induce him to declare prisoner insane. The letters now proposed to be read were written years ago, since when he had done a vast amount of business, up to quite recently. The attempt to make him out insane was most wicked. He should ask permission to go into the box to establish his sanity before the jury.</p>
<p>Examination resumed. I have no hostile feeling whatever towards the prisoner. (A number of letters were then read.)</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Fulton. I have no particular knowledge of the history of our family; we are an exceedingly nervous family, and I must admit that I myself once had a nervous breakdown.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t19080721-name-78" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-78" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>Dr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">SCOTT</hi> </persName>, of Brixton Prison. Since prisoner's admission to the prison on May 18 I have had him under close observation; I have had several conversations with him, and have seen a number of letters written by him, also an account written by himself of his family his
<lb/>tory. I have had a long experience of cases of this sort. One of the commonest delusions where people's minds are affected is that people are conspiring against them; that is one of prisoner's delusions. Another is that his health is much worse than it really is. He is</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210017"/>
<p>peculiar about food. The letters of his that I have read indicate de
<lb/>lusions. In my opinion he has probably been insane for some years, and I do not think he is yet of sound mind.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. You did tell me that you considered all your children ware of very weak mind and unfit to take proper care of themselves; I did not consider the reason you gave for that opinion a satisfactory one. In the event of first cousins marrying, and both being tainted by drink, their offspring might be affected. If there is a family taint, when two near relations marry the taint is likely to be stronger in the progeny than in the case of marriage into another family. As to you being particular about your food, I do not say that there was anything very extraordinary about your asking me for brown bread instead of white. I got regular daily reports from the warders about you; the reports are not here; they did not influence me very strongly. When I express the opinion that you have been insane for some years, I can
<lb/>not specify how many years; I cannot say two or 20; I should think more probably seven or eight than two or 20. I do think that for the past eight years you have not been capable of managing your busi
<lb/>ness. I hear what you say about having regulated a business employ
<lb/>ing 100 people, with several branches, and that you have laid out a large building estate; I do not know the facts, but I have been told that your business has gone to ruin. Your brother Alexander told me he had had a nervous breakdown; I have heard statements to the effect that be was under care a year or two ago, that he had the delu
<lb/>sion that he could not sleep in a bed for fear of being killed in it, that he would not travel by train, and so on.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Fulton. There was nothing in my examina
<lb/>tion of the prisoner to lead me to suppose that he did not know that he was firing the pistol when he did so, or that he did not know that if he hit the man with the bullet it would wound him. I think he had delusions as to his relatives, and that largely influenced him in firing; I do not think he realised as an ordinary sane person would the serious character of his offence.</p>
<p>Prisoner said he wished to go into the box to be Cross-examined on the question of his sanity. He admitted the shooting, and that it was a most serious offence, and he felt his position acutely. How he came to do the act heaven only knew. He was brokenhearted, broken down by the cruel, wicked treatment of his brothers. Still, that was no excuse for firing, and he would have to bear whatever punishment might be meted out to him. But he protested against the accusation of insanity. He was then sworn, and Examined by Mr. Gill. A great deal of my trouble was in connec
<lb/>tion with the loss of my daughter. She had many habits and ways that were not normal, and I suggested that Dr. Savage, a specialist, should see her. Instead of allowing that, they persecuted me, slandered me everywhere, and were continually sending writs and sheriffs to me. It is ridiculous nonsense to suggest that I myself once suggested that I should go into an asylum. I challenge you or the pro
<lb/>secution to bring into the box anyone who has known me and known the way I have carried on business during the last few years, to say that I am insane.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210018"/>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080721-19-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-19-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-19-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>Guilty of unlawful wounding, "simply acting under the excitement of the moment.</rs>" Sentence,
<rs id="t19080721-19-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-19-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-19-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-19-19080721 t19080721-19-punishment-17"/>Twelve months' imprisonment</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080721-20">
<interp inst="t19080721-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080721"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-20" type="date" value="19080721"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080721-20-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-19080721 t19080721-20-offence-1 t19080721-20-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-20-19080721" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-20-19080721" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19080721" type="age" value="50"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19080721" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19080721" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19080721" type="occupation" value="painter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COLLINS</hi>, Richard (50, painter)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080721-20-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-20-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-20-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> of
<rs id="t19080721-20-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-20-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-20-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>carnally know
<lb/>ing
<persName id="t19080721-name-80" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-80" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-80" type="age" value="10"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-80" type="surname" value="IRVIN"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-80" type="given" value="MAUD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080721-20-offence-1 t19080721-name-80"/>Maud Irvin</persName>, a girl under the age of 13 years—to wit, of the age of ten years.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. W. Clarke Hall prosecuted.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080721-20-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-20-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-20-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-19080721 t19080721-20-punishment-18"/>Five years' penal servitude</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080721-21">
<interp inst="t19080721-21" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080721"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-21" type="date" value="19080721"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080721-21-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-19080721 t19080721-21-offence-1 t19080721-21-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-21-19080721" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-21-19080721" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19080721" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19080721" type="surname" value="MCBRIDE"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19080721" type="given" value="JOHN FRANCIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19080721" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">McBRIDE</hi>, John Francis (17, labourer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080721-21-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-21-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-21-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> of
<rs id="t19080721-21-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-21-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-21-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>felo
<lb/>niously administering to
<persName id="t19080721-name-82" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-82" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-82" type="surname" value="MCCARTHY"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-82" type="given" value="AGNES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080721-21-offence-1 t19080721-name-82"/>Agnes McCarthy</persName> a certain, poison with intent to kill and murder her; feloniously assaulting
<persName id="t19080721-name-83" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-83" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-83" type="surname" value="MCCARTHY"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-83" type="given" value="AGNES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080721-21-offence-1 t19080721-name-83"/>Agnes McCarthy</persName>, and occasioning her grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. C. J. Salkeld Green prosecuted.</p>
<p>Police evidence gave prisoner a very bad character. He was sentenced to
<rs id="t19080721-21-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-21-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-21-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-19080721 t19080721-21-punishment-19"/>Nine months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080721-22">
<interp inst="t19080721-22" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080721"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-22" type="date" value="19080721"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080721-22-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-19080721 t19080721-22-offence-1 t19080721-22-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-22-19080721" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-22-19080721" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19080721" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19080721" type="surname" value="PEARCE"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19080721" type="given" value="WILLIAM HERBERT"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19080721" type="occupation" value="decorator"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PEARCE</hi>, William Herbert (29, decorator)</persName>
<rs id="t19080721-22-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-22-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-22-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>, manslaughter of
<persName id="t19080721-name-85" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-85" type="surname" value="DAVEY"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-85" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080721-22-offence-1 t19080721-name-85"/>Harry Davey</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Eustace Fulton prosecuted.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">BENNETT</hi>, 497 Y. On June 28, about 4 p.m., I was in Caledonian Road, and was called to Roman Road, Barnsbury. I there saw Davey lying on the footway on his back, bleeding from the nose and head, and unconscious. Prisoner was standing by his side. He said, "I have done that; I struck him on the nose with my fist." Prisoner appeared to have been drinking, but he was not drunk. After I had arrested him he said to me, "We had a quarrel; he pushed me; I tried to get him home; he refused to go either way; I caught hold with my left hand of his collar, and struck him in the face with my right hand, but I did not with to do him any harm."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-86" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-86" type="surname" value="WILTSHIRE"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-86" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WILTSHIRE</persName> </hi>, 36, Derinder Street, N. On June 28, about 3.30, I was on a 'bus in the Roman Road. I saw Davey and the pri
<lb/>soner walking along arm in arm; both were drunk. I saw prisoner's hand swing round and hit Davey on the nose. Davey was more drunk than prisoner; prisoner was helping Davey along. Davey fell, and pri
<lb/>soner tried to help him up; he found he could not do so, and let the man go again. When he fell (the first time) Davey fell on his back, and his head struck the pavement. When prisoner let him go, the man again struck his head on the pavement.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. I did not see Davey strike you first.</p>
<p>To Mr. Fulton. When prisoner found he could not pick the man up he walked away three or four paces and I stopped him. I said, "See what you have done." He said, "I am sorry; I could not help it; I did not know I had done that."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-87" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-87" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-87" type="surname" value="BRACE"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-87" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE BRACE</persName> </hi>, 327, Caledonian Road. On June 28, about half-past three, I was standing in Roman Road, when I saw these two men coming along. Suddenly Davey fell on his knees; he was drunk. Prisoner picked him up and then gave him a blow on the nose; Davey fell backward and struck his head on the kerb. I did not see Davey strike prisoner at all.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210019"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-88" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-88" type="surname" value="TURNER"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-88" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT TURNER</persName> </hi>. 20, Cumberland Street. I was standing talking to last witness, and saw the two men coming along; both were drunk; Davey was the worst; prisoner was leading him along. Davey stumbled and fell on his knees; prisoner helped him, and got him on his feet. He then held Davey with his left hand and struck him a blow on the nose with his right hand; Davey fell on his back. Prisoner tried to help him up, but could not.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-89" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-89" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-89" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-89" type="given" value="ADA"/>ADA WOOD</persName> </hi>, 2
<hi rend="smallCaps">A</hi>, Roman Road. As I was standing at my door I saw the two men coming along. Davey was very drunk; prisoner was not so drunk. I saw Davey slip on his knees; prisoner picked him up and hit him in the face, which knocked him backwards. Prisoner tried to pick him up again, but he himself made a stumble and Davey again fell on his back. I went across to them and sponged Davey's face, but he only just moved his head. I said to prisoner, "You have no right to do that when a man is so helpless." He said, "I have done nothing; I am trying to be a mate."</p>
<p>Dr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">JACKSON</hi>, the medical gentleman who attended the deceased man and was to speak to the cause of death, was called, but was not in attendance.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t19080721-22-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-22-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-22-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="directed"/>There being no other evidence for the prosecution, his Lordship pointed out that, in the absence of the medical evidence, the case was incomplete, and on this suggestion the Jury returned a verdict of Not guilty.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RECORDER</hi>.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, July 22.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080721-23">
<interp inst="t19080721-23" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080721"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-23" type="date" value="19080721"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080721-23-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-19080721 t19080721-23-offence-1 t19080721-23-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-23-19080721" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-23-19080721" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19080721" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19080721" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19080721" type="given" value="CUTHBERT"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19080721" type="occupation" value="no occupation"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SMITH</hi>, Cuthbert (31, no occupation)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080721-23-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-23-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-23-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> of
<rs id="t19080721-23-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-23-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-23-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>forging a certain request for the delivery of goods—to wit, a book containing 12 banker's cheque forms, the property of
<persName id="t19080721-name-91" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-91" type="surname" value="HOLT"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-91" type="given" value="VESEY GEORGE MACKENZIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080721-23-offence-1 t19080721-name-91"/>Vesey George Mackenzie Holt</persName> and another, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>It appeared that prisoner had passed a number of cheques from this book, which had been obtained by him in the name of Captain Tyler, who had an account with Messrs. Holt and Co., of which fact Prisoner had become cognisant while he was serving in South Africa. It was stated that prisoner was the son of a wealthy man in India. He was taken from the ranks of the Imperial light Horse and given a commission in the East Yorkshire Regiment in 1900. He was pro
<lb/>moted to lieutenant in 1903 and resigned in 1907. He then went to Nigeria, where he represented a company, subsequently returning to England. Since then he had uttered cheques all over the country, forging Captain Tyler's name. There were 32 such cases. In August, 1907, prisoner had opened an account with the Bank of Nigeria, which account was closed in January, 1908. Since then he had passed cheques on that bank in addition to the above.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080721-23-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-23-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-23-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-19080721 t19080721-23-punishment-20"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19080721-24" type="date" value="19080721"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080721-24-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-24-19080721 t19080721-24-offence-1 t19080721-24-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080721-24-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-24-19080721 t19080721-24-offence-1 t19080721-24-verdict-2"/>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-24-19080721" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-24-19080721" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19080721" type="age" value="62"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19080721" type="surname" value="PRINGLE"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19080721" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19080721" type="occupation" value="postman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PRINGLE</hi>, Henry (62, postman)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-24-19080721" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-24-19080721" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-24-19080721" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def2-24-19080721" type="surname" value="WARREN"/>
<interp inst="def2-24-19080721" type="given" value="HORACE CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="def2-24-19080721" type="occupation" value="Postman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WARREN</hi>, Horace Charles (25, Postman)</persName>
<rs id="t19080721-24-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-24-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-24-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>; both conspiring, combining, confederating, and agreeing to
<lb/>gether by false pretences and subtle devices falsely and fraudulently to acquire and obtain to themselves and in pursuance thereof unlaw
<lb/>fully did obtain of and from
<persName id="t19080721-name-94" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-94" type="surname" value="FENSOM"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-94" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080721-24-offence-1 t19080721-name-94"/>Charles Fensom</persName> the sum of £5 2s., his moneys, with intent to defraud.</rs>
<rs id="t19080721-24-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-24-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-24-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>Both conspiring, combining, con
<lb/>federating and agreeing together by false pretences and subtle devices falsely and fraudulently to acquire and obtain to themselves and in pursuance thereof did obtain of and from
<persName id="t19080721-name-95" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-95" type="surname" value="FENSOM"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-95" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080721-24-offence-2 t19080721-name-95"/>Charles Fensom</persName> the sum of £17 10s., his moneys, with intent to defraud.</rs> Pringle
<rs id="t19080721-24-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-24-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-24-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210020"/>
<p>Mr. Forster Boulton, M. P., prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-96" type="surname" value="FENSOM"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-96" type="given" value="CHARLES WILLIAM"/>CHARLES WILLIAM FENSOM</persName> </hi>, turf commission agent, Enfield. I have known Pringle for fifteen or twenty years, but do not know Warren. This year I started an account with Pringle by post. I knew he was an auxiliary postman. He was also cleaner at a bank. He made the bets with me in the ordinary way. The envelope and slips produced are in Pringle's writing. I received them at 7.30 p.m. on Wednesday, May 20. On Wednesdays at Enfield there was no delivery from about 12 to 7.30. Slip B is "2s. on Primer each way, any to come Blankney." Primer got a place, and Blankney won at 10 to 1. The result was that I paid Pringle 27s. On slip C Victoria May was backed at 10 to 1. That horse won, for which I paid 25s. Another horse, St. Wolf, which he backed, won at 25 to 1. I paid 48s. on that. The total came to £5 2s. for that day. After that I made a communication to the Post Office On June 3, Derby Day, I received a letter (produced) at 7.45 p.m. The envelope is in Pringle's writing. The betting slip is partly in his writing. It backs several horses, in
<lb/>cluding Signorinetta, 4s. The result was that all the horses named either won or got a place, and Pringle won £17, which I paid by the cheque produced. My suspicions were aroused by the fact that he always won on Wednesdays.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-97" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-97" type="surname" value="GRIGGS"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-97" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY GRIGGS</persName> </hi>, inspector of postmen, Enfield Post Office. Warren has been postman at Enfield since 1895. On Wednesday we have no delivery between 11 a.m. and 6.30. The letter produced, stamped 2.30, to have been properly stamped, ought to have been posted before 2.30. If it had been posted after 2.30 it would bear "3.30." Warren was on duty at the office on May 20 from 1.30 to 2.45, sorting and stamping letters. At 2.45 all the men left till 7.30 in the evening. On June 3, having received a communication, I examined the letters addressed to Mr. Fensom. There were thirty-nine, and the overseer, who was with me, marked them in the corner. There was none in Pringle's handwriting. The envelope produced was not one of the letters we saw. It is in Pringle's writing, and bears the stamp, "1.30, June 3." At 6.30 in the evening Warren came on duty, and I saw him with Pringle about 6.30 in the yard. When they saw me they came back into the sorting-room, and there I saw Warren giving out parcels to the men, which was not part of his duty. This would take him near the pile of letters addressed to Fensom. I was watching him, and thought I saw him put something down on the heap. About twenty minutes afterwards I went to the pile of letters. By that time all the postmen had gone out. I then followed postman Cut
<lb/>ten, who had got Fensom's letters. He had about 50, and about 40</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210021"/>
<p>bore the afternoon stamp. The letter D (produced) was one of them; it has not got the mark. The bottom part of slip E is in Warren's handwriting, the top Pringle's. Slip C is also in Warren's writing.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Warren. It was earlier than quarter to seven when I spoke to Pringle in the yard. I could not say if Cutten was on duty when you came on.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-98" type="surname" value="STEVENS"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-98" type="given" value="JOSEPH GEORGE"/>JOSEPH GEORGE STEVENS</persName> </hi>, Confidential Inquiry Clerk, Secretary's Office, G. P. O. In consequence of information received, I saw Pringle on June 11, and afterwards Warren with Pringle. I told them they had been engaged in betting transactions with a bookmaker. Warren made no answer. I then said, "You are aware that, as Post Office servants, you are liable to dismissal for betting?" Warren said, "I didn't think the rule meant betting like this; I thought it meant gambling." I told him that Pringle had confessed that they had sent the slips after the race had been won in covers which they had previously stamped. I showed him two of the slips. Warren said, "I won't dispute his statement or say that it is right; I promised faithfully I would not say a word to anybody." I asked him if he stamped both the envelopes before the races and retained them till the evening. He said, "Yes, I did stamp those envelopes early and kept them till the evening." He said he got the results on May 20 from the evening paper, but on June 3 they were given to him that morning at the Great Eastern Station. He said. "I wrote out the slips at six p.m., and put them in the envelopes, which I fastened up and put among other letters on the stamping table." In answer to me, he said, "I had my share of the bets on May 20, but the bets on June 3 were not mine, and I should not have kept the money. I did it for a friend; I should have given him the money when I got it from Pringle." I said, "Who is the friend?" He replied, "I pro
<lb/>mised not to say." He then signed the following statement: "I have heard Pringle's statement read over. I did not think the rule against betting meant betting like this. I thought it meant gambling. I won't dispute his statement or say it is right. I promised faithfully I would not say a word to anybody. I did stamp both the envelopes early and kept them till the evening of each day. I copied the results on the slip of May 20 from the evening papers, but the winners on June 3 were given to me that morning at the Great Eastern Station, and I wrote out the slip about six p.m. on the evenings of May 20 and June 3 and put them in the envelope, which I fastened up and then put them amongst other letters which were on the stamping table at the head office."</p>
<p>To Prisoner. You did not seem deaf or unable to understand my questions.</p>
<p>Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-99" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-99" type="given" value="WILLIAM CECIL"/>WILLIAM CECIL ROBERTS</persName> </hi>, G. P. O., said that he was present when Stevens put questions to prisoner in a voice which prisoner could hear, and that he heard prisoner's answers. He afterwards took Warren and Pringle to Enfield Police Station, where he charged them. Warren made no reply.</p>
<p>To the Judge. Prisoner did not say to Stevens that he could not understand his questions.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210022"/>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-100" type="surname" value="WARREN"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-100" type="given" value="HORACE CHARLES"/>HORACE CHARLES WARREN</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath) addressed the jury at length, saying that he started this business by getting winners for Pringle from a young man he knew, and one evening Pringle asked him to give him a letter back which he had posted to Fensom, but he (Warren) would not do it. That was at the beginning of the flat-racing season. He then related how he stamped the letter and put it on the stamping table on June 3. He did not stamp the letter on May 20, nor copy any horses from the newspapers, only from slips that were handed to him.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080721-24-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-24-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-24-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>The manager of Lloyds Bank at Enfield said that he had known Pringle for about 10 years, and he had been employed as cleaner at the bank for 17 years; he had found him most exemplary in character. He received 10s. a week from the bank.</p>
<p>Sentence:
<rs id="t19080721-24-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-24-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-24-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-24-19080721 t19080721-24-punishment-21"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-24-19080721 t19080721-24-punishment-21"/> Each prisoner, nine months' hard labour.</rs> </p>
<p>The Recorder said he thought that some steps should be taken by the General Post Office to acquaint bookmakers with the rule against betting in the postal service, because the experience in that Court was that most of the cases from the Post Office arose through diffi
<lb/>culties men got into over betting, rather than drinking.</p> </div1>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-25-19080721" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-25-19080721" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19080721" type="age" value="55"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19080721" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19080721" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19080721" type="occupation" value="coachman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAMS</hi>, George (55, coachman)</persName>;
<persName id="def2-25-19080721" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-25-19080721" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-25-19080721" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def2-25-19080721" type="surname" value="MACKRILL"/>
<interp inst="def2-25-19080721" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<interp inst="def2-25-19080721" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MACKRILL</hi>, Alfred (27, labourer)</persName>;
<persName id="def3-25-19080721" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-25-19080721" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-25-19080721" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def3-25-19080721" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def3-25-19080721" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def3-25-19080721" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SMITH</hi>, William (26, labourer)</persName>;
<persName id="def4-25-19080721" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def4-25-19080721" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def4-25-19080721" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def4-25-19080721" type="surname" value="BROOKS"/>
<interp inst="def4-25-19080721" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="def4-25-19080721" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BROOKS</hi>, Charles (22, labourer)</persName>; Smith and Brooks
<rs id="t19080721-25-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-25-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-25-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>being found by night having in their possession, without lawful excuse, certain implements of house-break
<lb/>ing;</rs> Smith and Williams
<rs id="t19080721-25-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-25-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-25-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t19080721-name-105" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-105" type="surname" value="COMPSTON"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-105" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080721-25-offence-2 t19080721-name-105"/>John Compston</persName> and stealing therein two overcoats and other articles, the property of the said John Compston;</rs> Mackrill
<rs id="t19080721-25-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-25-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-25-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/>feloniously receiving one of the said overcoats well knowing it to have been stolen.</rs> Smith
<rs id="t19080721-25-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-25-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-25-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty of the burglary;</rs>
<rs id="t19080721-25-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-25-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-25-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>Brooks of being in possession of housebreaking implements.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. H. F. Cornes prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-106" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-106" type="surname" value="PRATT"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-106" type="given" value="LILY"/>LILY PRATT</persName> </hi>, parlourmaid to Mr. Compston, 59, Christchurch Road, Streatham, said that on the night of June 23 she locked up, and next morning found the morning room had been broken into through the window and two overcoats stolen (produced). A ladder was left out-side the window. Some silver articles were also taken, value £17 10s.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-107" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-107" type="surname" value="BUTLER"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-107" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK BUTLER</persName> </hi>, assistant to Matthews and Jenkin, pawnbrokers, said that one of the overcoats in Court was pawned with him on June 25 for 10s. He did not recognise the man. After giving evidence at the police-court he heard Williams say he had pawned it.</p>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-108" type="surname" value="BEARD"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-108" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN BEARD</persName> </hi>, L Division. On June 25 at 10 a.m. I was in St. George's Road, Lambeth, when I saw Mackrill and Wil
<lb/>liams in the "George" with two other men. Williams had this cost (produced) on his arm, and was showing it to Mackrill. They then all came out into the road. Mackrill stood examining the coat. Then the other two men went away. I then told Williams I was a police officer, and asked him where he got the coat. Mackrill said, "I have</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210023"/>
<p>only been with him five minutes; ask him about it; I don't know where he got it from. Williams offered it to one of the other men, but he would not take it, and said, 'You keep it for the present." Williams said, "Now you've got it, find out where it come from." I took him to the station and another officer took Mackrill. On the way I asked Williams for an explanation. He said, "I don't know where it come from; find out." Mackrill said, "I have told you the truth." I then found in the jacket pocket of the coat a pocket-book, in which were two pawn-tickets, one relating to the other overcoat.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-109" type="surname" value="COURSE"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-109" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN COURSE</persName> </hi>. I helped to take prisoners in charge. In the charge-room Williams said, "You have got this up for me; you have been watching me about a long time."</p>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-110" type="surname" value="HAWKINS"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-110" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES HAWKINS</persName> </hi>, L Division. When told the charge Mackrill said, "I was never there." Williams said, "I plead guilty to pawning the coat, and the other coat I had given to me." When the charge was read over, no reply.</p>
<p>Before the magistrate Williams said, "About 1.30 on June 25 I met prisoner Smith. He asked me to pawn a coat. I consented. I pawned it. He said I might have the ticket, and gave me the coat." Mackrill said, "I am innocent."</p>
<p>
<rs id="t19080721-25-verdict-3" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-25-verdict-3" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-25-verdict-3" type="verdictSubcategory" value="directed"/>The Recorder said there was no case against Mackrill, and directed a verdict of Not guilty.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-111" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-111" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-111" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WILLIAMS</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath) addressed the jury in his defence.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080721-25-verdict-4" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-25-verdict-4" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-25-verdict-4" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Against both Brooks and Smith previous convictions were proved, the former having had 3 1/2 years' penal servitude for burglary. Smith had had many convictions. It was stated that in the district of Streatham there had been a number of burglaries, and that people had been practically in terror of these men. Since their arrest the complaints had ceased.</p>
<p>Sentences,
<rs id="t19080721-25-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-25-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-25-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-25-19080721 t19080721-25-punishment-22"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def4-25-19080721 t19080721-25-punishment-22"/>each Seven years' penal servitude.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080721-26">
<interp inst="t19080721-26" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080721"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-26" type="date" value="19080721"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080721-26-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-19080721 t19080721-26-offence-1 t19080721-26-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080721-26-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-26-19080721 t19080721-26-offence-1 t19080721-26-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-26-19080721" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-26-19080721" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19080721" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19080721" type="surname" value="SCOTT"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19080721" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19080721" type="occupation" value="musician"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SCOTT</hi>, John (32, musician)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-26-19080721" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-26-19080721" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-26-19080721" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def2-26-19080721" type="surname" value="BRADLEY"/>
<interp inst="def2-26-19080721" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<interp inst="def2-26-19080721" type="occupation" value="carman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BRADLEY</hi>, Frederick (30, carman)</persName>
<rs id="t19080721-26-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-26-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-26-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, both forging and uttering, knowing the same to be forged, a certain authority for the payment of money, to wit, a postal order for the payment of 11s. 6d., with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-114" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-114" type="surname" value="JOYCE"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-114" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK W. JOYCE</persName> </hi>, Gloucester Road, Peckham. I am a member of the Royal Standard Benefit Society, and on June 21 I sent a letter to the secretary, Mr. Osborne Croft, enclosing postal-order 11s. 6d. I addressed it to Great Queen Street, instead of to 40, Great Ormond Street. I next saw the postal-order on the following Saturday, when the detectives brought it to me. I had never seen prisoners before.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-115" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-115" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-115" type="given" value="ANDREW"/>ANDREW BROWN</persName> </hi>, manager of the "Sugar Loaf," 40, Great Queen Street. I know Scott as a customer and musician. Not long ago he asked me if he could have a letter addressed to him at my house, which I allowed him to do. On the Friday following, I could not say the exact date, a letter arrived. I did not know Scott's name, and I asked him what name the letter was to be addressed to. He said some such</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210024"/>
<p>name as Croft or Crift. I do not understand him very well, as he speaks broad Scotch. I said, "Is that one," showing the letter. "Aye," he said, "that's the one," and put it in his pocket. He had a woman with him. I do not know Bradley.</p>
<p>To prisoner Scott. I believe you said something to me on the Monday about meeting a Scotchman, and that you had played to him, and he had promised to send you a sovereign to take you to Scotland. I do not know that you said that possibly there was a mistake in the name, when you put the letter in your pocket.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-116" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-116" type="surname" value="GLADWIN"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-116" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR GLADWIN</persName> </hi>, clerk in charge, Lamb's Conduit Street Post Office. On June 27 Bradley brought a postal-order in and signed it "W.O. Croft." I asked him if that was his name; he said yes. I told him he was not W. Osborne Croft. He then said he was doing it for a friend outside. I told him he had no business to sign it, and that he had better wait. I then sent someone to Mr. Croft's, office. In the meantime I saw Scott standing outside. Bradley said that was his friend, so I called him in, and asked him how he became possessed of the order. He said it was left at the place where he had his letters addressed. He then showed me the envelope. The messenger from Mr. Croft's having returned, I showed him the letter, and he said it was from one of their members.</p>
<p>To Scott. You came in at once when I beckoned to you. You said that if I liked to send for the police, you were quite entitled to the order; that somebody had sent it to you for money that was due.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-117" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-117" type="surname" value="COX"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-117" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES COX</persName> </hi>, 2, Shadwell Street, Middleton Square, chief clerk Royal Standard Benefit Society. On June 27 I was sent for to Lamb's Conduit Street about a postal-order. I saw the signature on it was not Mr. Croft's, and asked Scott how he came possessed of it. He said he had been in the habit of having letters left at 40, Great Queen Street, and that he was expecting some money in a letter, and he had asked his friend (Bradley) to come up and sign it. Bradley gave no ex
<lb/>planation.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-118" type="surname" value="CROFT"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-118" type="given" value="WILLIAM OSBORNE"/>WILLIAM OSBORNE CROFT</persName> </hi>, secretary Royal Standard Benefit Society, proved that the signature on the postal-order was not his.</p>
<p>Inspector
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-119" type="surname" value="MILLARD"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-119" type="given" value="OLIVER"/>OLIVER MILLARD</persName> </hi>, E Division. On June 27 I arrested the two prisoners. Scott said, "I was expecting a letter to be sent to 40, Great Queen Street. I am no scholar, and thought it was Scott not Croft, and asked Bradley to sign the order for me as I can't write." Bradley said, "He asked me to sign his name for him. I didn't know I had done anything wrong." When charged he said, "Lam innocent of it."</p>
<p>Detective
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-120" type="surname" value="JOSLIN"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-120" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH JOSLIN</persName> </hi>, E Division. On June 27 I saw prisoner at Gray's Inn Road Police Station. Scott said, "The letter was given to me by Mr. Brown at No. 40, Great Queen Street. I asked him (Bradley) to write my name on it, as I could not write myself. I asked Mr. Brown a fortnight ago if he would take any letters in for me." Bradley said, "I know nothing about it. He asked me if I would go and cash it for him, and he would stand me a drink and give me 6d." Part of the note produced Scott said he had written.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210025"/>
<p>To Scott: I found no writings of yours when I searched you. The note referred to was written in the post office.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t19080721-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-121" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>Inspector
<hi rend="smallCaps">MILLARD</hi> </persName> and
<persName id="t19080721-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-122" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">GLADWIN</hi> </persName>, recalled, said that the note had been written by Scott in the post office. (Prisoner swore he never wrote it).</p>
<p>The Recorder said there was no case against Bradley, and directed a verdict of Not Guilty.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-123" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-123" type="surname" value="SCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-123" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN SCOTT</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath) said he was an itinerant musi
<lb/>cian, from Edinburgh, and on the Monday night before Ascot he was playing at Victoria when he met a Scotchman who became friendly, and who promised to send him some money to take him to Scotland, for which purpose witness gave him the address of 40, Great Queen Street. When the letter came he, not being a scholar, thought Croft was like Scott, and that the man had perhaps made a mistake. He kept the letter till Saturday when the woman he was with asked him what he had done with it. He then pulled it out of his pocket and found the order inside. Afterwards he met Bradley and asked him to sign it as he could not himself. The going to the post office and the cashing of the order he admitted, but there was no intention of felony or theft in his mind.</p>
<p>The Recorder remarked that it was an unlikely thing for a Scotsman not to be able to write.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080721-26-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-26-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-26-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not Guilty</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080721-27">
<interp inst="t19080721-27" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080721"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-27" type="date" value="19080721"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080721-27-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-27-19080721 t19080721-27-offence-1 t19080721-27-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-27-19080721" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-27-19080721" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19080721" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19080721" type="surname" value="JARVIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19080721" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19080721" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JARVIS</hi>, Harry (19, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19080721-27-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-27-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-27-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>; feloniously wounding
<persName id="t19080721-name-125" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-125" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-125" type="surname" value="DODD"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-125" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080721-27-offence-1 t19080721-name-125"/>Sarah Dodd</persName>; feloniously attempting to discharge a loaded revolver at
<persName id="t19080721-name-126" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-126" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-126" type="surname" value="PATEMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-126" type="given" value="FANNY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080721-27-offence-1 t19080721-name-126"/>Fanny Pateman</persName>, with intent to do her grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-127" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-127" type="surname" value="DODD"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-127" type="given" value="SARAH"/>SARAH DODD</persName> </hi>, 6, Crescent Place, Caledonian Road. On Friday, June 26, about 11 at night I was walking up Caledonian Road, when at the corner of Caledonian Crescent I saw prisoner and another boy. I walked down the Crescent towards my home, when suddenly I felt something hit me in the arm. At the same time I heard a report. I had my little boy's hand. I saw blood running down my arm, and said to a girl I knew, "Oh, Dolly, take my milk," which she did, also my little boy. I went to a friend's place and fainted away. I re
<lb/>membered no more till I was coming out of the Royal Free Hospital.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-128" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-128" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH SMITH</persName> </hi>, 6, Addington Square. On June 26 at 10 to 11 in the morning I was with prisoner. He was playing with a revolver (seven chambered). He fired three shots, then another one which shot the woman. He shot her accidentally. It was Dolly Pateman he was going to shoot. He told her he should do so. We walked off after the shooting.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-129" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-129" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-129" type="surname" value="PATEMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-129" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE PATEMAN</persName> </hi>, 4, Caledonian Place. I am known as Dolly. On the morning in question I was at the corner of Caledonian Road, when I saw prisoner with a pistol. I have known him about three weeks. Smith was with him. I told him to put the pistol away. He said, "Do you f—g well want it through you?" I said, "No; fire it at the stones." He said, "The stones will fly up in the air." He then</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210026"/>
<p>twisted it round towards my stomach, but it would not go off. The third time he walked a couple of yards away and it went off. I then found that Mrs. Dodd was hit. I went with her to the hospital. I did not see the others any more.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-130" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-130" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-130" type="surname" value="MAYFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-130" type="given" value="MARY"/>MARY MAYFIELD</persName> </hi>, house surgeon, Royal Free Hospital. I examined Mr. Dodd on June 26 and found a small punctured wound in the outer side of her right forearm. On the next day I extracted a bullet. The wound is not quite healed. She was not kept at the hospital.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-131" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-131" type="surname" value="BUTT"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-131" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES BUTT</persName> </hi>, G Division. I saw prisoner at the station and told him he would be charged with wounding Sarah Dodd. He said, "Yes, but it was an accident. I sold the revolver to a man in Drury Lane for 4d. early next morning." I had arrested him on the 30th. When charged he made no reply.</p>
<p>Miss
<hi rend="smallCaps">MAYFIELD</hi>, recalled, identified the bullet.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-132" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-132" type="surname" value="JARVIS"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-132" type="given" value="HARRY"/>HARRY JARVIS</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath), said that he did not intend to do any harm. He was at the canal bathing when he picked the revolver up. He put it in his pocket and forgot all about it till night-time. Then he took it out and started playing with it. He did not know it was loaded. He only fired it once.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080721-27-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-27-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-27-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>Guilty of unlawful wounding.</rs> </p>
<p>It was stated that prisoner belonged to the Somers Town gang of lads who employed their spare time in faction fights with others. The Recorder said that people ought not to be allowed to sell these pistols to lads. Prisoner in May last was charged with assault, but the prosecutor did not turn up; he was then fined 40s.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080721-27-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-27-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-27-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-27-19080721 t19080721-27-punishment-23"/>Nine months' hard labour</rs>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, June 22.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080721-28">
<interp inst="t19080721-28" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080721"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-28" type="date" value="19080721"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080721-28-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28-19080721 t19080721-28-offence-1 t19080721-28-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-28-19080721" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-28-19080721" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19080721" type="age" value="63"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19080721" type="surname" value="FRANCIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19080721" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19080721" type="occupation" value=""/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FRANCIS</hi>, Frederick (63)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080721-28-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-28-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-28-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> of
<rs id="t19080721-28-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-28-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-28-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="indecentAssault"/>indecently assaulting
<persName id="t19080721-name-134" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-134" type="surname" value="ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-134" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080721-28-offence-1 t19080721-name-134"/>George Allen</persName>, a male person.</rs> Several previous convictions were proved, the police describing him as "a dirty old man."</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080721-28-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-28-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-28-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28-19080721 t19080721-28-punishment-24"/>Fifteen months' hard labour</rs>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUDGE RENTOUL</hi>.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, July 22.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080721-29">
<interp inst="t19080721-29" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080721"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-29" type="date" value="19080721"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080721-29-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-29-19080721 t19080721-29-offence-1 t19080721-29-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-29-19080721" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-29-19080721" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19080721" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19080721" type="surname" value="HAYNES"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19080721" type="given" value="CHARLES FREDERICK"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19080721" type="occupation" value="carman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HAYNES</hi>, Charles Frederick (32, carman)</persName>
<rs id="t19080721-29-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-29-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-29-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assaultWithIntent"/>; attempting violently to assault
<persName id="t19080721-name-136" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-136" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-136" type="surname" value="DOWSETT"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-136" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080721-29-offence-1 t19080721-name-136"/>Mary Ann Dowsett</persName> and to ravish and carnally know the said Mary Ann Dowsett; indecently assaulting and ill-treating Mary Ann Dowsett.</rs> </p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080721-29-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-29-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-29-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080721-30">
<interp inst="t19080721-30" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080721"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-30" type="date" value="19080721"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080721-30-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-19080721 t19080721-30-offence-1 t19080721-30-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210027"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-30-19080721" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-30-19080721" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19080721" type="age" value="39"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19080721" type="surname" value="SHELDRAKE"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19080721" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19080721" type="occupation" value="wheelwright"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SHELDRAKE</hi>, William (39, wheelwright)</persName>
<rs id="t19080721-30-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-30-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-30-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>; forging and uttering, knowing the same to be forged, an endorsement on a certain order for the payment of money—to wit, a banker's cheque for the payment of £2 10s., with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Mahaffy prosecuted; Mr. Burnie defended.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-138" type="surname" value="WALKER"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-138" type="given" value="CORNELIUS"/>CORNELIUS WALKER</persName> </hi>, 74, Summerstown, Wandsworth, tar traveller—On May 18 prisoner, whom I knew, arranged to make the end car
<lb/>riage of a van for me. I was to supply him with materials. At 9 p.m. he brought bill produced from Wood and Sons. He wanted the whole £7. I gave him cheque produced for £2 10s., payable to Wood and Sons, and he gave me receipt produced. I afterwards saw the London and South-Western Bank and heard something. I next saw prisoner at the police court. Prisoner was to buy the whole of the materials, but I gave him the £2 10s. to get the felloes and stubs. He was to go on with the work and I to give him the rest of the money as he proceeded.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner's receipt is, "Received of Mr. Walker £2 10s. to pay for his stuff for end works on van.—W. Sheldrake. On account of my contract." (To the Judge.) He came with a bill from Wood and Sons and I gave him £2 10s. to pay for the last three-items, by cheque payable to Wood, so that he could get on with his work.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-139" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-139" type="given" value="JOHN HENRY"/>JOHN HENRY SMITH</persName> </hi>, clerk to Wood and Sons, Brandon Street, Wal
<lb/>worth, ironmongers. On May 18 or 19 prisoner bought timber—such as felloes, spokes, and ironwork, for which I gave him invoice pro
<lb/>duced. Part of the goods were sent to Snelling's yard, Wandsworth, to be paid for on delivery, and were returned. I had no cheque. Cheque produced is not signed by me or by my firm.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The endorsement of the cheque is, "Messrs. Wood and Son," and then "Wood and Son." It is not an imitation of my firm's signature.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-140" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-140" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH WOOD</persName> </hi>, Brandon Street, Walworth, ironmonger's merchant. Cheque produced is not endorsed by my firm or with my authority. I have never seen prisoner.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-141" type="surname" value="PIGNEGUY"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-141" type="given" value="MORRIS"/>MORRIS PIGNEGUY</persName> </hi>, cashier, London and South-Western Bank, Earlsfield. On May 20, cheque produced was presented to me by pri
<lb/>soner, endorsed "Messrs. Wood and Sons." I said, "It is irregular. Would you kindly sign again, if you are a representative of the firm." He said he represented Messrs. Wood and Sons and signed it again in my presence, "Wood and Sons."</p>
<p>Cross-examined. He may have written the first endorsement in my presence, and I asked him to endorse it again. Both endorsements are manifestly in the same handwriting.</p>
<p>Detective
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-142" type="surname" value="HIRD"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-142" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM HIRD</persName> </hi>, V Division. On Sunday, June 28, I saw prisoner at Bow Street and read the warrant to him. He said, "I did not endorse any cheque." He was afterwards charged and made no reply. (To the Judge.) He knew what the word "endorse
<lb/>ment" meant.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210028"/>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-143" type="surname" value="SHELDRAKE"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-143" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM SHELDRAKE</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I live at 100, Keswick Street. I undertook to do the work for prosecutor. On the Satur
<lb/>day before May 18 he asked me to come and see him on Sunday, which I did. I gave him a price of £12 for making the wheels and end work of the van. I told him I had no money for material, and he said he would give it to me when he knew how much it would cost. On Tuesday I saw Smith at Wood and Sons', who made out a bill for the approximate price of the iron and woodwork, some of which had to be specially made. I ordered the goods to be sent to Snelling's yard at Wandsworth. They were to be paid for on de
<lb/>livery. Woods do not take cheques. I have dealt with them for years. I took the bill to prosecutor on that night, and at my request he gave me a cheque for £2 10s. He said, "I have left it open for you to go and draw it" as I told him Woods did not take cheques, or would not deliver until the cheque was passed through their bank. I gave receipt to prosecutor in my own name. I regarded the cheque as belonging to me. The next day I went to the bank; endorsed it "Messrs. Wood and Sons" inside the bank. The cashier told me to endorse it without the "Messrs." He never asked me if I represented Wood and Sons. On that day I and my wife had a few words; I had a drop of drink and I went away for a few days for fear I should have murdered her. I came back on the Sunday and was in Bow Street talking to a friend of mine when I was arrested. I was away about five weeks. It was through this disturbance that I did not execute this contract. Prosecutor was in no hurry for it. He told me so. I have done work of this kind for many years. I have never left a contract before in this way. I have always had a good cha
<lb/>racter.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The cheque given me was for the spokes and felloes. I did not understand that Wood and Sons had to endorse it. The cashier never said, "Are you a representative of Messrs. Wood and Sons?" He ought to know me better, considering I have changed cheques for other people there. I have not done any part of the work because the prosecutor never gave me a chance.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080721-30-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-30-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-30-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080721-31">
<interp inst="t19080721-31" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080721"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-31" type="date" value="19080721"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080721-31-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-31-19080721 t19080721-31-offence-1 t19080721-31-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080721-31-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-31-19080721 t19080721-31-offence-1 t19080721-31-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-31-19080721" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-31-19080721" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19080721" type="age" value="52"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19080721" type="surname" value="LOWE"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19080721" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19080721" type="occupation" value="bookbinder"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LOWE</hi>, Alfred (52, bookbinder)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-31-19080721" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-31-19080721" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-31-19080721" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="def2-31-19080721" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="def2-31-19080721" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<interp inst="def2-31-19080721" type="occupation" value="errand boy"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILSON</hi>, Albert (16, errand boy)</persName>
<rs id="t19080721-31-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-31-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-31-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>; committing an act of gross indecency with each other, being male persons.</rs> </p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080721-31-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-31-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-31-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080721-32">
<interp inst="t19080721-32" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080721"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-32" type="date" value="19080721"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080721-32-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-32-19080721 t19080721-32-offence-1 t19080721-32-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-32-19080721" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-32-19080721" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19080721" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19080721" type="surname" value="NUTMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19080721" type="given" value="WILLIAM GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19080721" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NUTMAN</hi>, William George (28, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19080721-32-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-32-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-32-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>; assaulting and robbing
<persName id="t19080721-name-147" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-147" type="surname" value="HORNBY"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-147" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080721-32-offence-1 t19080721-name-147"/>Charles Hornby</persName> of the sum of 3s. 6d.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. N. Anderson prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-148" type="surname" value="HORNBY"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-148" type="given" value="LAWRENCE"/>LAWRENCE HORNBY</persName> </hi>, private, 5th Battalion Middlesex Regiment, quartered at Mill Hill. On Wednesday, July 1, 1908, I was out on leave and was returning to barracks at 11.45 p.m. Passing Mill Hill Station, opposite the public-house at the Triangle, walking in the middle of the road, prisoner rushed out and hit me behind the ear.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210029"/>
<p>He was accompanied by three other men, who pushed me down; my belt and tunic were undone, and, as the others held me, prisoner took 3s. 6d. from my inner pocket. I am sure it was the prisoner who struck me and put his hand in my pocket. They let go and doubled towards Mill Hill Station. I ran in the opposite direction to the bar
<lb/>racks and reported the robbery. The next day at the police station I identified prisoner amongst 10 other men. I have no doubt he is the man.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. At the barracks I said I knew one of the men, but I did not know his name. I said he was a tall, dark
<lb/>faced man. When prisoner attacked me he wore a dark suit, bowler hat, and a coloured muffler. I had seen prisoner once before at the barracks. I am sure he is the man who robbed me. (To the Judge.) I had not been drinking that night at all. When I identified him there were one or two tall men there; prisoner was the tallest of the lot.</p>
<p>Detective
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-149" type="surname" value="LUXTON"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-149" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK LUXTON</persName> </hi>, X Division. On Sunday, July 5, about 7.50 p.m., with Detective Pyke, I saw prisoner in Barracks Lane, Finchley. I told him I was a police officer and that he answered the description of a man wanted for assaulting a young private in the 5th Battalion Middlesex Regiment in Mill Hill Lane on the night of July 1. I had warned him that I was a police officer—in fact, he knew my colleague, Detective Pyke. Prisoner said, "I do not know anything about it, but if that is the case I shall have to go with you." He was taken and put up with 11 other men of as nearly similar height and appearance as we could get them. Of course, it was impossible to get men of his height. He took the posi
<lb/>tion he thought proper. Prosecutor was called in and immediately identified the prisoner by touching him on the shoulder. He was charged and made no reply. I found on him 5s. in silver and 7 1/2 d. in bronze.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The attack was reported to me on July 2. I had no idea it was the prisoner. I am a stranger to the district. Prose
<lb/>cutor gave a description to Pyke, and, on seeing prisoner, we both thought he answered the description.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080721-32-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-32-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-32-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, July 23.)</p>
<p>A previous conviction was proved.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080721-32-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-32-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-32-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-32-19080721 t19080721-32-punishment-25"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE MR</hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUSTICE SUTTON</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, July 23.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080721-33">
<interp inst="t19080721-33" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080721"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-33" type="date" value="19080721"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080721-33-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-19080721 t19080721-33-offence-1 t19080721-33-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-33-19080721" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-33-19080721" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19080721" type="surname" value="BLACKBURN"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19080721" type="given" value="CAROLINE BEATRICE MATILDA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BLACKBURN</hi>, Caroline Beatrice Matilda</persName>
<rs id="t19080721-33-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-33-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-33-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>; manslaughter of
<persName id="t19080721-name-151" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-151" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-151" type="surname" value="LIVINGSTONE"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-151" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080721-33-offence-1 t19080721-name-151"/>Sarah Livingstone</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Bodkin and Mr. Travers Humphrey prosecuted; Mr. Charles Doughty defended.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210030"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-152" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-152" type="surname" value="MANTLE"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-152" type="given" value="ADA"/>ADA MANTLE</persName> </hi>. I am 18 years old. I now live with my father at Lillie Road, Fulham. I was for three years on and off in prisoner's service. She kept a boarding-house at 14, Nevern Place. Kensing
<lb/>ton. I knew Sarah Livingstone; she was about 78 or 80 years old; she lived at 14, Nevern Place the whole time I was there; she was a cook in the kitchen. At Christmas last I went to prisoner as a servant; besides Livingstone there was then there also Miss Mason, the dressmaker. I did the cooking, or helped Livingstone to do it; Mason used to help wash up and do the beds upstairs. There were eight or 10 boarders. Livingstone was very ill and complained of pains in her back; she had bad legs and could hardly move about; she had varicose veins. She slept in the kitchen, on bits of carpets on the floor. Prisoner knew of her condition, because prisoner's daughter brought a bottle of lotion for Livingstone and prisoner told me that it came from the house of her husband, Dr. Blackburn, at Kennington, and she saw Livingstone use the lotion on her legs. The floor of the kitchen was board; Livingstone had nothing on her at night except an old coat and some old blankets; she would rest her head on the stone of the gas-stove. Her body was in a filthy condi
<lb/>tion; her head was very verminous. She never took her clothes off; she had not got any others. There was a filthy smell in the kitchen from Livingstone and from the eight cats that used to be there. All the food was cooked in this kitchen. I have heard Livingstone ask prisoner for clothes, the prisoner replying that she could not have any until she went into the infirmary. Prisoner paid Livingstone no wages, only one penny or twopence occasionally; with that I would go and get her tea and sugar, sometimes half a pint of beer. For breakfast she used to have a slice of dry bread dipped in bacon fat and a little tea; for lunch, bread and butter and scraps of cold meat; for supper, sometimes (not often) a small piece of bread and butter and some tea. My wages were 5s. a week, and I used to buy some food for myself and share it with Livingstone. After a fortnight there at Christmas I left and went to work at a dining-rooms; I still used to call and see Livingstone; she seemed to be getting worse all that time. On Good Friday I was out of work, and at prisoner's re
<lb/>quest I re-entered her service; there were then in the place, besides Livingstone, Mason and William Stevenson, a waiter. Livingstone was very much worse. By Easter Tuesday she could not walk at all; she could not get to the water-closet; she used to sit in a wooden
<lb/>bottom chair, without any arms, all day and all night. I slept in the kitchen also, on the floor. There was no chamber for Livingstone's use, and when she had to obey the calls of nature she did it in the chair; I used to clean it up. Prisoner knew all this; she was fre
<lb/>quently in the kitchen, and she put down carbolic fluid and chloride of lime because of the smell. Livingstone used to complain of pains in her back and side and legs to me and also to prisoner; prisoner would reply, "You ought to go to the infirmary"; Livingstone replied that she would like to go, but had no clothes to go in. All this time her flesh was filthy, as black as the grate; her head and body were verminous, and the clothes she had on were dirty and ver
<lb/>minous.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210031"/>
<p>I only knew her to be washed once; that was ten days be
<lb/>fore her death; prisoner asked me to wash her, and I did so. On that occasion I said to prisoner that Livingstone ought to see a doctor and go into the infirmary. Prisoner said that she (prisoner) had been to the infirmary for a doctor and the doctor had said he would send for her the first fine day. As a fact, no doctor came till I fetched one. I remember saying to prisoner that I thought Livingstone would be better if she was lying down on a bed; prisoner's reply was that if she lay down we would not be able to get her up again. On the morning of April 29 Livingstone was very bad; she was still sitting in the chair. Prisoner got her an iron bed-chair to sit in; there were no cushions, but bits of oilcloth and papers. Prisoner said that if she put anything else Livingstone would spoil it, as she made such a mess on the floor. I asked prisoner if I could put up the chair like a bed, so that Livingstone might lie down. She said no, if we were to lay her down we would not be able to get her up again. In the evening I noticed that Livingstone was much worse; her jaws were dropped and her eyes sunk in; and when I spoke to her she did not answer, and she got very white. I went home that evening and told my father how bad she was. That morning I had spoken to prisoner. I said that Livingstone was worse and ought to have a doctor, and asked her if I should go myself. She said no, I need not trouble, as she would go. My father and I in the evening went to the police-station and reported the matter. We were re
<lb/>ferred to the relieving officer. We Went to the infirmary and the porter said it was too late. We then went to the house of the reliev
<lb/>ing officer, and he sent us to Dr. Gregory, the medical officer. We went to his house and he was out, and we left a message. On the morning of the 30th, at seven, I went back to work at prisoner's house. Prisoner did not know that I had been to the police-station. Dr. Gregory and the relieving officer called. Prisoner opened the door to them. After a while I was called up. Dr. Gregory asked me if it was I and my father who had called at his house the previous night. I denied it. I heard prisoner tell Dr. Gregory that Livingstone had been ill, but was better, and had only got a cold. On the Sunday be
<lb/>fore her death Livingstone became unconscious. Prisoner came down to the kitchen to cook some pastry. I told her Livingstone was un
<lb/>conscious. She said, "Nonsense, she is only putting it on." From that time Livingstone seemed to get worse every day. Prisoner saw her every day. Early in the morning of May 7 I noticed that Living
<lb/>stone could hardly speak. She said she was dying and asked me to fetch Mrs. Blackburn. I went up to the dining-room and told pri
<lb/>soner. She said, "It's nonsense; don't talk like that." She went downstairs and saw Livingstone, and asked her if she wanted another drink of milk. Livingstone said yes, and prisoner fetched it and then went upstairs again. She did not come down again till eleven o'clock, when Livingstone was dead. When the death was ascertained prisoner told me to make haste and clear up the kitchen, as she could not have a doctor come in and see it in that filthy condition. She went out to fetch a doctor and came back about twelve. She asked</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210032"/>
<p>me to wash Livingstone. I told her I could not, as I felt too bad. She then asked me to get water and she would do it herself. She washed the face and hands and feet and put flour on them, and put a pair of white stockings on, first cutting the bandages off the legs. These bandages had been on a long time and were all mouldy. The clothes were cut off the body and a clean chemise put on. A mattress was put across two boxes, and the body was lifted off the chair and put on this, with a clean sheet underneath and a covering of a clean sheet and a counterpane. Prisoner noticed the smell, and kept on putting down carbolic fluid and chloride of lime. I told prisoner that if there was an inquest she would get into serious trouble, as me and Stevenson would have to attend. She said that would be all right, as her husband would give the death certificate. I have only seen Dr. Blackburn at the house once. So far as I know he never saw Living-stone. At four in the afternoon, on the day of the death, Dr. Farr came. I do not think he had been to the house before at all, while I was there. He looked at the face of the body and spoke to pri
<lb/>soner about a death certificate. He told her that Dr. Blackburn had been attending Livingstone and he would give the certificate. At half-past four I left the house, as I was poorly. I went to a doctor and was found to have measles. I went to the infirmary, where I stayed till May 25. The day before Livingstone died pri
<lb/>soner told me that she had been to a second-hand shop in North End Road and bought some clothes for Sarah (Livingstone) so that she might go to the infirmary.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I first went to prisoner three years ago, when I was 15; it was my first situation. I stayed with her two months and was well treated. Between that time and Christmas of last year I had gone back to her four times. The fortnight I was there last Christmas was the first time I found anything to complain of. Living-stone and I were both kept short of food. I have heard Livingstone complain to her friend Miss Adams, not to prisoner. Livingstone complained of being short of food long before Christmas; she was always complaining. I believe she had been with prisoner four years before I first went there; when I first went she was able to do her work in the ordinary way. I do not know whether she had a bad leg or varicose veins then. She could not then have gone to the infir
<lb/>mary, because she had no clothes. She used to go out occasionally. I do not know that she pawned clothes; the pawn tickets produced I have never seen before. I never saw her take clothes out of the house. I still say she could not have gone to the infirmary; she had clothes, but they were all dropping off her, showing her bare flesh. It is not the fact that at that time she used to sleep on a bed in the kitchen; I do not know that she set her bedding on fire. She always slept on the kitchen floor with no carpet or cushions. She told me that prisoner said she would not give her a bed to sleep on; I never heard her ask. She told me she had never known what it was to lie on a bed since she had been in prisoner's service. I never heard prisoner tell Livingstone that she ought to go to the infirmary and offer to pay for a cab to take her there. I did not hear Living-stone</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210033"/>
<p>reply that she would not go to the infirmary, because if she did they would give her a bath; she always said she would go if she had clothes to go in. I do not know what object prisoner could have had in wanting to keep Livingstone in the house, but she did not seem very anxious to get her to go into the infirmary. Livingstone was certainly of no use as a servant. I suppose prisoner did not want her to go to the infirmary while she was in such a filthy condi
<lb/>tion, because she said "it would show her up." That is not an ex
<lb/>pression arranged between me and Stevenson; it is what prisoner said herself. I told prisoner that if there was an inquest there would be trouble, because Stevenson and I would have to attend. I said that because Stevenson and I were fellow-servants at the house; Mason was another fellow-servant. I did not mention her because I did not think of it. I had not been talking things over with Stevenson. Stevenson had had his wages reduced, and I had had mine reduced—we were both indignant about it. At Christmas time Livingstone could just wash her face; others had to help to keep her clean; she smelt horrible. At Easter she was worse; she was not able to go to the w. c. at all; I did not help to keep her clean; she smelt too hor
<lb/>rible for anybody to touch her. Prisoner never accused me of steal
<lb/>ing a ring or other things belonging to her daughter. She never suggested such a thing as this never happened; it is not this that has made me bitter against her; I have no bitterness against her. Livingstone was an old woman of nearly 80, a very small, thin, shrivelled up old woman. When I used to help wash her she cried out with pain; she could not bear anyone to touch her. On the Wednesday or Thursday after Easter I stayed up till 12 at night washing her. Stevenson and Mason helped me to lift her off one chair to another. When, on April 30, Dr. Gregory and the relieving officer called, the doctor asked me if it was I who had called at his house the night before, and I said I had not been near his house. That was untrue; I said it because Dr. Gregory was cross; I do not say that I said it because I was frightened of losing my situation &c. I did not want to leave just then. At that time I knew the old woman was dying downstairs; I heard prisoner say that she only had a cold; I did not contradict it.</p>
<p>Inspector
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-153" type="surname" value="PATTERSON"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-153" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY PATTERSON</persName> </hi>, F Division, deposed that on April 29, about 10.30 p.m., Ada Mantle and her father came to Kensington Police Station and made a statement as to Livingstone. Witness re
<lb/>ferred them to the relieving officer, Dr. Campian.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-154" type="surname" value="GREGORY"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-154" type="given" value="EDWARD THOMAS"/>EDWARD THOMAS GREGORY</persName> </hi>, M.R.C.S., District Medical Officer of Health, Kensington. On the night of April 29 I was out; on my return I was told that Ada Mantle and her father had called and left a message with reference to the woman Livingstone. On the follow
<lb/>ing morning I called at 14, Nevern Place, in company with Mr. Reid, the assistant relieving officer. The door was opened by prisoner; I said, "I have come to see Mrs. Livingstone"; prisoner said, "There is nobody here of that name; who are you?" I said, "I am the dis
<lb/>trict medical officer, and this is the assistant relieving officer; I have had information left at my house that there is somebody here ill, of</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210034"/>
<p>the name of Livingstone, living with Mrs. Blackburn"; she replied, "I am Mrs. Blackburn; you mean the old woman in the kitchen; she has only had a cold, and is very much better." She then asked me inside. I said, "If this woman has nothing the matter with her, I should like to know who has given this information"; she said it must be one of the boarders; I said, "I have reason to believe it is your servant; can I see her?" Ada Mantle was then sent for, and I asked her if she had left the message at my house, and she denied it. I asked prisoner if I should see Mrs. Livingstone; she replied, "No, she is very much better; she has only had a cold; I am giving her milk and eggs." I then instructed her how to proceed in future should Livingstone require poor law relief, and left the house.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I do not know that I discussed with prisoner about getting people into the infirmary; I do not think she said, "Tell me, can I send this old woman to the workhouse without her con
<lb/>sent?" I did tell her that she could not send the woman against her will, but that was not in answer to any suggestion of hers; she did not tell me that the old Woman did not want to go; she did not say that the old woman suffered from varicose veins; when she told me that the old woman had had a cold I did not say, "You cannot send people into the infirmary for a cold." The cause of death was heart failure; it may be that medically ignorant people would be unable to diagnose such a case; a person may have a weak heart without know
<lb/>ing it. Bronchitis may cause weakness of the heart; to the medically ignorant person, a cough would be the most notable symptom of bronchitis; there would also be shortness of breath, wheezing, and expectoration; such symptoms would not, to a medically ignorant person, necessarily suggest a bad heart. I do now think that pri
<lb/>soner when she saw me knew that Livingstone was much worse than would be implied by "a cold" in the ordinary acceptation of the term.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-155" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-155" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-155" type="surname" value="REID"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-155" type="given" value="CHANTRY GEORGE"/>CHANTRY GEORGE REID</persName> </hi>, Assistant Relieving Officer, Kensington, confirmed Dr. Gregory's account of the interview with prisoner on April 30; further, he stated that during this year no application for relief had been made for anyone at 14, Nevern Place, except the one by Ada Mantle and her father on April 29.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-156" type="surname" value="STEVENSON"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-156" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM STEVENSON</persName> </hi>. I first entered prisoner's service in May, 1906, and stayed till November, 1907. At that time Ada Mantle used to come on and off; there was a German waiter there for two weeks; Mrs. Livingstone used to do the cooking; Miss Mason did the needlework. I looked after the rooms upstairs; I slept in the pantry at the back, close to the kitchen, on a camp bed. Livingstone, during the year and a half I was there, slept on the floor in the kit
<lb/>chen. I left in November, 1907, and went back in February of this year; between those dates I occasionally looked in to see Livingstone, taking her some tea and sugar. In February she was in very bad health, much worse than in November; she could walk about the kitchen, but not much; she could not get upstairs. She slept on a chair in the kitchen. She did not look very clean. She</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210035"/>
<p>complained of pains and varicose veins. My duties were chiefly upstairs, so that Ada Mantle was in the kitchen much more than I was. After Good Friday, Livingstone did not walk about or leave the kitchen at all; she sat in the chair all the time. We none of us had enough to eat; I used to buy food out of my wages. I gave Livingstone part of what I had, and Miss Adams came once a week and gave her something. A week before she died Living-stone was moved from the chair where she had been to a bedstead chair. She was very stiff, and every time I moved her she screamed out. On the bedstead-chair there was put a piece of oilcloth at the bottom. On moving her the smell was very bad. The last time I saw her out of the chair at all was a month before she died. No doctor was ever called in to see her. I spoke to prisoner about it. I said, "If you don't get a doctor while I am here, and Sarah was to die, I shall get into a row as well as yourself." Several weeks before the death I had spoken to prisoner, and said, "Sarah is getting very bad, why don't you send her to the infirmary, or something?" I have said, "shall I got?" and she has replied, "If it is necessary I will get a doctor myself." Eventually I got sick of the situation; there was too much work to do, and I gave prisoner a week's notice. I left the day before Livingstone died. During the last week prisoner gave Living-stone different food, patent groats, eggs, and milk.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. It is not the fact that prisoner turned me out of the house, or that I used filthy and abominable language to her; I went of my own accord. During my stay from May, 1906, to November, 1907, I had not been well treated. My wages were 7s. 6d. a week. I left of my own accord. There was too much work, too Many smells in the kitchen, and not enough to eat. The smells were then from the cats, not from Livingstone. I got a situation with a colonel. He gave me notice because I was not big enough. The very day I left him I went back to prisoner. I did not want to be out of work. I went back at 5s. a week wages. Prisoner said she would treat me proper in the future; she said she could not afford to pay me more than 5s. I know Miss Arnold, who was one of the boarders. Between the second and third hearings at the police-court I spoke to her about this case. I did not say that I was glad to get my re
<lb/>venge Mrs. Blackburn. I said she had had her turn on me, and I should like to have my turn on her. I have put down what I said in my book.(After referring.) I am wrong; this is about Mrs. Norris. I also spoke to a young girl named Rose, now a servant with prisoner. I did not tell her that she ought not to be in service there because her mistress would soon be in prison. I said, "Mrs. Black-burn will get into a row, and I should not stop there." I say that Livingstone was kept short of food Until three weeks before she died. she had two friends who used to come to see her. Miss Adams came once or twice a week and Mrs. Norris occasionally. Miss Adams offered to take her away for a week or two until she could arrange to go into the infirmary. That offer, so far as I know, was open until she died. I do not know why she did not accept it. Mrs. Norris used to tell Livingstone that she ought to go into the infirmary. On one</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210036"/>
<p>occasion prisoner offered to pay for a cab for Livingstone to go to the infirmary. I did not hear Livingstone say that she would not go because if she did they would put her in a bath. I did not hear her say that if she went to a doctor he would cut her about and hurt her. I cannot say whether she ever complained of having to sleep in the kitchen. So far as I could tell, prisoner was sorry for Livingstone, and the last week or so she did what she could for her. I used some times to sit by Livingstone's side and try to get round her. I would say, "Sarah, if I was you I would go to the infirmary, instead of having this kind of game here." She would simply say, "Shut up." She hated the notion of the infirmary.</p>
<p>(Friday, July 24.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-157" type="surname" value="STEVENSON"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-157" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM STEVENSON</persName> </hi>, recalled, further cross-examined. I got better food during my second period of service with prisoner than at first. Some food was kept in the dining room cupboard. I had not a key that fitted it during the first time I was in her service, but I found a key the second time. I did not take the key away with me when I left the first time and bring it back with me. It is not a fact that there were two chambers in the kitchen for the use of Living-stone. I never saw one. I never asked for one for her, nor did Mantle.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-158" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-158" type="surname" value="MANTLE"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-158" type="given" value="ADA"/>ADA MANTLE</persName> </hi>, recalled. There was no chamber kept in the kitchen at any time. There was nothing that Livingstone could have used at any time.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. There were not two kept in a cupboard in the dresser. I never asked for one. It would have been no use my ask
<lb/>ing, as prisoner would have taken no notice of me. It is not a fact that I left my father's house after Easter because he said he would not have me coming in late. I was there for six days. My father did not turn me out; he told me to find lodgings. At Christmas time he told me, if I could not come in at a proper time I should live out. I was late because I went to music-halls and that sort of thing. I came in about 11.30 or 11.45 p.m. I went to the second house at the music hall; I preferred that.</p>
<p>Re-examined. When I left my father's I shared lodgings with my brother's young lady.</p>
<p>Inspector
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-159" type="surname" value="DAVIES"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-159" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM DAVIES</persName> </hi>, M Division. On May 7, at 10.15 p.m., I received information of the death of Sarah Livingstone from James Mantle, father of the last witness. I went to 14, Nevern Place that night and saw prisoner. I asked her if an old lady of the name of Sarah Livingstone had died there that day. She said, "Yes." I asked her if she had had a doctor to her. She said, "Yes." I asked her who that doctor was. She said, "Dr. Blackburn, my husband." I asked to see him. She told me he did not live there, but at Ken
<lb/>nington. I asked at that time if Dr. Blackburn would give a certifi
<lb/>cate of death. She told me that Livingstone had been in her service for a number of years and that she had been in a feeble state for some time, but that she had done very little work for some time. I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210037"/>
<p>asked her why she kept her there and the said, "More to please the old girl than anything else, as she had an aversion to going into the infirmary." I informed the coroner's officer.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not see the body. Prisoner answered all my questions readily.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-160" type="surname" value="HOLLAND"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-160" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES HOLLAND</persName> </hi>, 299 F. I act as coroner's officer for Kensing
<lb/>ton. I received information of the death of Livingstone on May 8 from the police at Kensington Police Station and went to see the prisoner at Nevern Place. I told her I had received information re
<lb/>specting the death. She said that the deceased had been under Dr. Blackburn's care for some time. I then asked her if she had a certi
<lb/>ficate of death and she handed me this.(Produced.) (Same read: "I certify that I attended Sarah Livingstone during her last illness, that such person's age was stated to be 80, that I last saw her alive on March 14, 1908, that she died on May 7, 1908, at 14, Nevern Place, S. W., and that to the best of my knowledge and belief the cause of her death was as hereinunder written. Cause of death, primary: cardiac disease; secondary: heart failure. Witness my hand this May 7, 1908, H. B. Blackburn. Qualification as registered by Medical Council, M. R. C. S., L. S. A." I told prisoner I should retain the certificate till I had presented the report to the coroner, which I did. I then asked to see the body. She took me to the basement and I there saw the body on a single bed in a small room close to the kitchen, with a sheet over it. The body was partially clothed. It had on a black silk bodice, one petticoat, and a pair of white stock
<lb/>ings with the tops cut off. The body was very dirty and verminous, sad the smell was overpowering. I was shown in the kitchen a chair bedstead, and prisoner said that was the chair that the deceased had been sitting upon. It was then folded up. She further said that deceased had been in her service for about five years, that she had done odd jobs, and that she had not paid her any wages for some long period, except giving her a penny or two at a time; she said that was because deceased was addicted to drink. She said she saw her on one occasion the worse for drink when she fell down the area steps. I asked prisoner if deceased had any personal property, and she said that her wearing apparel was given to her by outside friends. I asked her if Ada Mantle had said anything to her about deceased's health, and she said all that she was told was that she appeared funny. I asked her if any medical man had seen Livingstone, and she said the parish doctor had called, but she knew what he had called for and she did not let him see the deceased; the reason was she had only a slight cold. I made a note of this conversation, but I have not the note here. The body was removed the next day by the coroner's order. I was present at the postmortem examination by Dr. Spils
<lb/>bury.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner told me that she asked Dr. Gregory if he could get the deceased into the infirmary and she said that Dr. Gregory's reply was that she would have to go at her own wish; that meant that the parish doctor could not make her go, nor Mrs. Black-burn. I did not bring my note, because it is made for the coroner,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210038"/>
<p>and I did not think it was necessary. Amongst those notes there is the original note of what William Stevenson told me. The original notes are kept at the coroner's office. The coroner's instructions to me are, if they are required, it is for his Lordship to direct that they are to be used, and if so, to subpoena the clerk to produce them. I remember the coroner at the inquest asking Stevenson why he was telling another tale to what he had told me.</p>
<p>Re-eximined. I have not been asked before for my notes by any-body. (Witness was directed to fetch his notes).</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-161" type="surname" value="SPILSBURY"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-161" type="given" value="BERNARD HENRY"/>BERNARD HENRY SPILSBURY</persName> </hi>. I am a Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery and Pathologist at St. Mary's Hospital. By direction of the coroner I made a post-mortem examination on the body of Sarah Livingstone on May 11. I have my notes here. I found an exceed
<lb/>ingly emaciated woman, abdomen sunken in and rigor mortis absent; externally there was extreme filthiness with caked faecal matter; the skin between the toes was filled with dirt and the toe nails projected half an inch beyond the extremities of the toes. The body swarmed with vermin and the odour was abominable. That odour was not due to postmortem decay; it was due to the putrid condition of ulcers on the body. I found eight ulcers; one was on the lower part of the back and one on the left buttock, which are commonly called bed-sores. There was one large ulcer nearly surrounding the left leg above the ankle, about four inches wide; that was very filthy. It was old in character; it had probably been there for at least three weeks, or it might have been a longer period; it may have been months. There was an ulcer on the left heel and one on the instep of the right foot, and two small ulcers above the right ankle. They were what are called varicose ulcers, due to disease of the varicose veins. The want of being cleansed very greatly aggravated them, but had they been dressed, then the best thing for her would have been rest. I found the ulcers covered with skin, and a white powder had been sprinkled over them, but there was no evidence of any cleansing or any surgical dressing ever having been applied. Varicose ulcers in themselves do not cause any serious injury to health if they are kept clean. The cause of death, in my opinion, was chronic blood poisoning, set up of the ulcers, leading to death from syncope. I found there was old disease of the heart muscle. The chronic blood poisoning was chiefly responsible for it: the ulcers caused blood poisoning, the blood poisoning caused heart disease, and the heart disease caused death. I found nothing else that would account for death. It is difficult to fix the length of time the heart disease had been existing. With an ex
<lb/>tremely old woman there is always a certain amount of heart disease or heart muscle degeneration. A bad atmosphere would tend to cause the ulcers to spread and by becoming foul they would set up blood poisoning. I should think for three weeks before death there had been no cleanliness of the deceased. I think for three weeks the whole of her evacuations had been accumulating. This is entirely consistent with her having sat in a chair for three weeks without moving and having passed her motions as she sat in the chair. It is usual to find wasting with an old woman of from seventy-five to</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210039"/>
<p>eighty years of age, but in this case the wasting was certainly ex
<lb/>treme. I could not say that she had died of starvation, but when a person dies of starvation there is a wasting of the organs which I found here, also emptiness of the alimentary canal, which I also found here. In my opinion medical attention a week before her death would have prolonged her life, but I think it is very improbable that it would have saved it. There was a certain amount of chronic bronchitis: that is usual with old people. I do not think in this case that can be regarded as a contributory cause of death. One of the witnesses said that the deceased could not bear to be touched on her arms. That might have been rheumatism or nervousness, or an ex
<lb/>treme degree of feebleness.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I made my examination four days and six hours after death. People who die of blood poisoning decompose more rapidly than people who die from other diseases. The blood poisoning in this case was chronic, that is, it had lasted for periods of weeks, possibly for months. She may have suffered from ulcers for many years. Every time she had an ulcer it would tend to impoverish her blood. I cannot say whether the deceased, supposing she had had full possession of her faculties, was a clean person. Every time she had ulcers it would tend temporarily to weaken her heart, but it would recover its strength. I do not think she was in a condition, considering her age, that her heart might have given out at any time without some disease in addition that would have further affected the heart. It is possible that a shock may have caused her death, but it is not probable. To a non-medical person the bronchitis from which she suffered would be, apart from her weakness, her most noticeable ailment, and therefore it would not be misleading for a non-medical person to say she was suffering from a cold.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I do not think deceased can, on April 30, have appeared as a person who was only suffering from a cold. In my opinion she did not die from heart failure following chronic bronchitis.</p>
<p>Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-162" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-162" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD WILLIAMS</persName> </hi>, F Division. On June 1 last I was at the Coroner's Court, Kensington, and there told the prisoner that I should take her to the police-station on a charge of manslaughtering Sarah Livingstone. She turned to her daughter, and said, "I have to go the police-station." On the way there she said, "This is all through being kind to keep her out of the infirmary."</p>
<p>Mr. Doughty submitted there was no case on which the jury could find a verdict against the prisoner; but his Lordship thought he could not keep it from the jury.</p>
<p>Mr. Travers Humphreys said that if the jury considered that at that time, although the prisoner was wrong in not calling in a doctor to see the deceased, yet that she acted in the mistaken impression that she had done all she possibly could in providing a cab to take the deceased to the infirmary, and that it was the deceased's determina
<lb/>tion not to go to the infirmary that prevented her going, it would be difficult to ask the jury to convict the prisoner of manslaughter, which was the only charge here.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080721-33-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-33-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-33-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty, but deserving of severe censure.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210040"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RECORDER</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, July 23.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080721-34">
<interp inst="t19080721-34" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080721"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-34" type="date" value="19080721"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080721-34-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-34-19080721 t19080721-34-offence-1 t19080721-34-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-34-19080721" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-34-19080721" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19080721" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19080721" type="surname" value="HILLIER"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19080721" type="given" value="HARVEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19080721" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HILLIER</hi>, Harvey (30, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19080721-34-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-34-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-34-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>; robbery with violence upon
<persName id="t19080721-name-164" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-164" type="surname" value="HEYWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-164" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080721-34-offence-1 t19080721-name-164"/>John Heywood</persName> and stealing from him certain money, amounting to the sum of £4 2s., and one tobacco box, his goods.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Faussett prosecuted; Mr. Sidney Williams defended.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-165" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-165" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-165" type="surname" value="HEYWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-165" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HEYWOOD</persName> </hi>, 134, Pendevon Road, West Croydon, stock taker and gauger. On the night of June 21 I had been to the "Cecil Hotel" to see a friend of mine. I left there about 10 minutes past one and went to the Embankment, where I sat down, near St. Thomas's Hos
<lb/>pital. There was an old man sitting at the other end of the seat with his legs wrapped round with some newspapers, apparently asleep. Prisoner and two other men came along from the direction of West-minster Bridge. Prisoner snatched a paper from the old man's legs. I got up to go away. Prisoner came up to me and wanted to know what the——my business was. Before I had time to reply I received a blow in the mouth which knocked me down. I had hardly time to pick myself up before I was knocked down again by prisoner. I got up and tried to defend myself, calling loudly at the same time for the police, but prisoner was too good for me and knocked me down a third time. Prisoner said, "I will give you—police," and tried to throw me into the river. He got me to the Embankment wall, and then the other two men claimed me. If he had wanted to heave me over, I would have had to go; I could not help myself. The three of them had a mill over my body for a minute or two. Then the other two men got me and put me on the seat again, at the same time saying to prisoner, "They call you the b—y mad sailor, and, God blind me, that is what you are." The three of them then moved a little away from the seat and talked among themselves for a minute or two. Then one of them threw my tobacco box to me saying, it was no b—y good to them. The box must have been taken from my pocket or have fallen out. It was empty when I got it back. I found my money was gone. It had been in my waistcoat pocket. I did not feel anyone take it out. I had the money when I left the Hotel Cecil. I gave the porter at the door 1s., and put the rest back into my pocket. After the men had gone. I went down the Embankment as quickly as I could, and near Lambeth Bridge I met a constable, to whom I related what had occurred. He hurried back with me, and when we came up to prisoner I gave him into custody. Prisoner was then talking to a woman on another seat. The old man with the papers round his legs had bolted off. Prisoner was sober. I do not recollect him making any statement.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I had spent 17s. at the Hotel Cecil. I was going to spend the night with a Dr. Dadd in Kennington, as I was too late to get my train, which goes at 12.15. I was very tired and in pain, as I had not my truss with me. I am not aware that June 21 was the first quarter of the moon. It was quite light on the Embank
<lb/>ment; the lamps were alight. I should not have chosen any dark place to sit down. As to the money, I did not realise my loss until</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210041"/>
<p>my tobacco pouch had been thrown at me. When arrested prisoner may have said, "Have not you made a mistake?" I started to run because I was anxious to get out of the neighbourhood, and when I realised my loss I was anxious to get a constable and shouted for a constable. I do not know whether the police have tried to find the old man with the newspapers round his knees. I have had no com
<lb/>munication with the police about it. When I returned with the policeman prisoner did not make any attempt to run away; it would have been foolish for him to do so. The policeman's uniform would be distinctly visible. I was at the station when he was searched. He said, "You have made a mistake, governor." Fourpence-half
<lb/>penny was found on him. I do not think prisoner was the man who took my money, but I am certain he is the man who assaulted me. I think the money was taken from me in the struggle. One man had me round the shoulders.</p>
<p>Dr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-166" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-166" type="surname" value="THORPE"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-166" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES THORPE</persName> </hi>, acting divisional surgeon, Kennington Road Police Station. On the morning of June 21 I examined prosecutor at the station about two o'clock. Both his lips were considerably bruised, as if he had been struck in the face. One blow would have been sufficient to cause the injuries, but there might have been more than one. I also examined prisoner. On the knuckle of the right index finger there were slight abrasions, which might have been caused by some sharp instrument. He was sober.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The abrasion would correspond to the marks made by teeth.</p>
<p>Constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-167" type="surname" value="PAYNE"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-167" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT PAYNE</persName> </hi>, 263 L. On the morning of June 21 I was on duty in Lambeth Palace Road, about quarter to two, when Heywood ran up to me. I proceeded with him back along the Albert Embankment, and we met prisoner alone, walking in the direction of Lambeth Bridge. I stopped him and told him prosecutor accused him of assaulting him. There were two other men talking to a woman on one of the seats. Prisoner, in reply said, "You have made a mistake." I took him into custody, and on searching him at the station found on him 4 1/2 d. in coin. I examined his hands. There were blood-stained marks on the first finger of the right hand. I asked him how he came by them and he could give no account of it. It was on the way to the station that prosecutor first said he had been robbed of £4 2s. Prisoner was then charged with robbery with violence and made no reply to the charge.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner in the first instance only complained of the assault, and when I stopped prisoner I told him he would be charged with assault. Prosecutor was apparently sober, not excited, but quite calm. He had been running, no doubt. We passed two or three persons before we met prisoner. Prosecutor looked carefully at them as we walked along, and finally identified prisoner. He failed to identify the other two men. There are about 19 seats be
<lb/>tween Westminster and Lambeth Bridges, and where we saw pri
<lb/>soner would be about 300 yards away from where prosecutor says he was assaulted. Prosecutor might have seen that there was blood on prisoner's hand before he charged him.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210042"/>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-168" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-168" type="surname" value="HILLIER"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-168" type="given" value="HARVEY"/>HARVEY HILLIER</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I live at 19, Portland Cot
<lb/>tages, Wandsworth Road. I did not assault prosecutor. I am a gas stoker. At half-past one in the morning of June 21 I was coming along the Embankment going home. I was by myself. Prosecutor and the constable came up to me and charged me with assaulting pro
<lb/>secutor. I told the constable he had made a mistake, and that I had never seen prosecutor before. The constable then said I would have to go to the station, where I was charged with assault and robbery. Fourpence-halfpenny was found on me. I had a slight scratch on the right hand. I had had a little pimple which I had scratched. I saw a woman sitting on the third seat from Lambeth Bridge. Prosecutor said he had been robbed along the Embankment, but did not point to any particular place.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I had been intending that evening to go to Can
<lb/>ning Town to see a friend of mine, but when I got as far as Black
<lb/>friars Bridge I made up my mind to go back again, and was walking home when arrested. It was a fine night. I did not meet anybody on the way that I knew. I did not see an old man with newspapers round his legs.</p>
<p>Constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">PAYNE</hi>, recalled. Before prisoner was charged I went down the Embankment with prosecutor to see if we could find the money. There were other people on the Embankment, the night being fine.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080721-34-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-34-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-34-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not Guilty</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080721-35">
<interp inst="t19080721-35" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080721"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-35" type="date" value="19080721"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080721-35-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-35-19080721 t19080721-35-offence-1 t19080721-35-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-35-19080721" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-35-19080721" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19080721" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19080721" type="surname" value="UNDERWOOD"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19080721" type="given" value="SEPTIMUS ROWLAND"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19080721" type="occupation" value="lawyer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">UNDERWOOD</hi>, Septimus Rowland (35, "lawyer")</persName>
<rs id="t19080721-35-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-35-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-35-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>; forging and uttering, knowing the same to be forged, a certain order for the pay
<lb/>ment of money, to wit, a banker's cheque for the payment of £10, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Croom Johnson prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-170" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-170" type="surname" value="CARTER"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-170" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE CARTER</persName> </hi>, 73, Penard Road, Shepherd's Bush. I know pri
<lb/>soner, who is an American and first lodged with me about two years ago. After that he left to go to America. I saw him on his return in January or February of this year. He stayed with me a short time and then went away again to return to America. I last saw prisoner on Saturday, March 14. On the previous day he had given me a cheque for £10, signed "E. A. Underwood," and asked me if I could cash it for him. I said, No, I could not. He told me he had got it from his brother at Aldershot. I told him I would try to get it cashed, and took it round to my grocer, Mr. Bates. He would always cash any cheques for me. He gave me £7 on the Friday even
<lb/>ing and the other £3 on the Saturday morning. I handed the money to prisoner as I received it. When he left me on the Saturday morn
<lb/>ing I understood he was going away to America. He had a rug on his arm and some books. I did not myself have any of the £10.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. You stated when you came to live with me the second time that you had come over from America with the specific purpose of getting some more money from your brother to enable</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210043"/>
<p>you to carry on your business. You did not show me the draft pro
<lb/>duced. You told me that when you had finished your business you were going back. You told me your brother at Aldershot had refused to let you have any more money. I do not remember you telling me that he had treated you very badly. I did not see you sign the cheque you handed to me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-171" type="surname" value="UNDERWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-171" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST A. UNDERWOOD</persName> </hi>, 34, Grosvenor Road, Aldershot, grocer and provision dealer. Prisoner is my brother and came to see me some time in March, after he had come back from America. He asked me to lend him some money. I told him I could not do so. I had a reason for declining. My attention was drawn to the cheque produced (dated March 11) about March 25 by my banker. It is not signed by me, but the signature slightly resembles mine. I bank at the London and County, Aldershot branch, but the cheque is on a Farnborough form. I had not authorised anybody to sign my name to that particular cheque. It is payable to my brother, and endorsed "S.R. Under
<lb/>wood." The order produced for two cheque forms to be handed to bearer, purporting to be signed by me, it also a forgery.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. I did not send you any money out to Canada, but I paid your passage out there. When you called at my house you did not show me a draft for £1,000. I instructed my bankers not to cash a draft which came through my bank before you came home. I was asked if I would meet it or knew anything about it, and I said "No." I told my bankers I would not be responsible for anything but what I wrote myself.</p>
<p>To the Court. The draft was drawn on me by my brother.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-172" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-172" type="surname" value="BATE"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-172" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>MICHAEL F. BATE</persName> </hi>, managing director of M. G. Bate, Limited, grocers, 76, Goldhawk Road. Shepherd's Bush. My manager received the cheque produced from Mrs. Carter. It was passed through our bank and returned marked, "Signature differs."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-173" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-173" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-173" type="surname" value="DIBDIN"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-173" type="given" value="PETER GEORGE"/>PETER GEORGE DIBDIN</persName> </hi>, refreshment caterer, 51, High Street, Aldershot, proved handing two cheques on the Farnborough branch of the London and County Bank to prisoner, who represented himself to be Mr. E. A. Underwood's brother, in exchange for the forged order which was contained in the letter. Prisoner handed witness two pennies to pay for the stamps.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-174" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-174" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-174" type="surname" value="LOXDALE"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-174" type="given" value="GEOFFRY FRANCIS"/>GEOFFRY FRANCIS LOXDALE</persName> </hi>. solicitor, 13, Copthall Avenue. On June 29 prisoner called on me with the bill produced, drawn on a Canadian bank. He was a stranger to me. He told me he drew the bill himself. I told him I could not understand how it could be worth anything. I asked him if E. A. Underwood owed him money, and he said "No." I took it across to a bank manager, with whom I left it. I had already learned something of the £10 cheque transac
<lb/>tion through a firm of solicitors with whom I was. I mentioned that to prisoner, and he said he had heard about it, and that was the first inkling I had that he was the same man. I pressed him as to what he had heard about it, but he would not tell me. I informed the solicitors, and proceedings were taken, which resulted in his arrest.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210044"/>
<p>To Prisoner. You asked me if the draft was a document that could be collected, and I told you I did not think it was of any value.</p>
<p>Detective
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-175" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-175" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-175" type="surname" value="ALLERTON"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-175" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>BENJAMIN ALLERTON</persName> </hi>, City Police. I saw prisoner on July 1 at Moor Lane Police Station, where he was detained, and charged him with forging the draft. I subsequently charged him at Shepherd's Bush Police Station. He said, "This is an impossible charge. The signature is my brother's." He wrote a statement in the cells, which I produce.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-176" type="surname" value="GURRIN"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-176" type="given" value="THOMAS HENRY"/>THOMAS HENRY GURRIN</persName> </hi>, expert in handwriting, 59, Holborn Viaduct, gave evidence as to the forged documents being, in his opinion, in prisoner's handwriting.</p>
<p>Constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-177" type="surname" value="OSBORNE"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-177" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT OSBORNE</persName> </hi>, 431, City Police, proved receiving pri
<lb/>soner into custody and taking him to Moor Lane Police Station. Prisoner had on him a revolver, loaded in five chambers.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080721-35-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-35-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-35-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-178" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-178" type="surname" value="GODLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-178" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED GODLEY</persName> </hi>, M Division, proved that on March 22, 1904, prisoner was sentenced to three years' penal servitude at North London Sessions by Mr. Loveland-Loveland for obtaining money by false pretences. He had advertised in various papers for travellers, and had obtained from £25 to £30 from each of a number of persons as security. He represented that he was managing a business in Clerkenwell Green, and when these persons got there they found there was no employment. Prisoner was released on July 5, 1906, and his sentence would expire on March 21, 1907. He was allowed to report by letter instead of personally at the police station, and so far as the authorities were concerned every chance was given him. He went to America and returned just before his ticket expired.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080721-35-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-35-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-35-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-35-19080721 t19080721-35-punishment-26"/>Five years' penal servitude</rs>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, July 23.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080721-36">
<interp inst="t19080721-36" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080721"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-36" type="date" value="19080721"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080721-36-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-36-19080721 t19080721-36-offence-1 t19080721-36-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-36-19080721" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-36-19080721" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19080721" type="surname" value="MORTIMER"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19080721" type="given" value="HENRY ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MORTIMER</hi>, Henry Alfred (otherwise
<rs id="t19080721-alias-3" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-36-19080721 t19080721-alias-3"/>Mortley</rs>)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080721-36-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-36-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-36-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> of
<rs id="t19080721-36-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-36-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-36-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19080721-name-180" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-180" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-180" type="surname" value="ELMER"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-180" type="given" value="EMMA JANE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080721-36-offence-1 t19080721-name-180"/>Emma Jane Elmer</persName>, his wife being then alive.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080721-36-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-36-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-36-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-36-19080721 t19080721-36-punishment-27"/>One month's imprisonment</rs>, second division.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080721-37">
<interp inst="t19080721-37" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080721"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-37" type="date" value="19080721"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080721-37-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-37-19080721 t19080721-37-offence-1 t19080721-37-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-37-19080721" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-37-19080721" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19080721" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19080721" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19080721" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19080721" type="occupation" value="auctioneer and estate agent"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MOORE</hi>, James (36, auctioneer and estate agent)</persName>
<rs id="t19080721-37-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-37-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-37-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>; having re
<lb/>ceived certain property, to wit, the sum of £9 5s. of and belonging to
<persName id="t19080721-name-182" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-182" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-182" type="surname" value="BRADSHAW"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-182" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080721-37-offence-1 t19080721-name-182"/>Walter Bradshaw</persName>, for and on account of
<persName id="t19080721-name-183" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-183" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-183" type="surname" value="GIBBONS"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-183" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080721-37-offence-1 t19080721-name-183"/>George Gibbons</persName>, unlaw
<lb/>fully and fraudulently did convert the sum of £9 0s. 4d., part of the said property, to his own use and benefit; having received certain pro
<lb/>perty, to wit, a valuable security, being a banker's cheque for the payment of £11 10s. of and belonging to
<persName id="t19080721-name-184" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-184" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-184" type="surname" value="VINCENT"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-184" type="given" value="RICHARD BAXTER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080721-37-offence-1 t19080721-name-184"/>Richard Baxter Vincent</persName> for and on account of George Gibbons, unlawfully and fraudulently did convert the sum of £11 4s. 3d., part of the proceeds of the said pro
<lb/>perty, to his own use and benefit; having received a banker's cheque for the payment of £11 5s. of and belonging to
<persName id="t19080721-name-185" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-185" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-185" type="surname" value="RICARDO"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-185" type="given" value="ESTHER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080721-37-offence-1 t19080721-name-185"/>Esther Ricardo</persName> for and on account of George Gibbons, unlawfully and fraudulently did convert the sum of £10 19s. 4d., part of the said property, to his own use and benefit; having received a banker's cheque for the payment of £8 7s. of and belonging to Esther Ricardo for and on account of George Gibbons, unlawfully and fraudulently did convert the sum of £8 2s. 9d., part of the said property, to his own use and benefit; having received the sum of £1 6s. of and belonging to
<persName id="t19080721-name-186" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-186" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-186" type="surname" value="SOMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-186" type="given" value="EDMUND"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080721-37-offence-1 t19080721-name-186"/>Edmund Soman</persName>, for and on account of George Gibbons, unlawfully and fraudu
<lb/>lently did convert the sum of £1 5s. 4d., part of the said property, to his own use and benefit; having received the sum of £1 6s. of and belonging to Edmund Soman for and on account of George Gibbons, unlawfully and fraudulently did convert the sum of £1 5s. 4d., part of the said property, to his own use and benefit; having received the sum of £20 6s. of and belonging to Edmund Soman, for and on ac
<lb/>count of George Gibbons, unlawfully and fraudulently did convert the sum of £19 15s. 10d., part of the said property, to his own use and benefit; having received the sum of 15s. of and belonging to
<persName id="t19080721-name-187" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-187" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-187" type="surname" value="CARLTON"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-187" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080721-37-offence-1 t19080721-name-187"/>Elizabeth Carlton</persName>, for and on account of George Gibbons, unlawfully and fraudulently did convert the sum of 14s. 7d., part of the said property, to his own use and benefit; having received the sum of 15s. of and belonging to Elizabeth Carlton, for and on account of George Gibbons, unlawfully and fraudulently did convert the sum of 14s. 7d., part of the said property, to his own use and benefit; having received the sum of £18 15s. of and belonging to Elizabeth Carlton, for and on account of George Gibbons, unlawfully and fraudulently did convert the sum of £18 5s. 7d., part of the said property, to his own use and benefit; having received the sum of £2 10s., of and belonging to
<persName id="t19080721-name-188" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-188" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-188" type="surname" value="NEALE"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-188" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080721-37-offence-1 t19080721-name-188"/>Daniel Neale</persName>, for and on account of George Gibbons, unlawfully and fraudulently did convert the sum of £2 8s. 9d., part of the said pro
<lb/>perty, to his own use and benefit; having received the sum of £1 4s. of and belonging to Daniel Neale, for and on account of George Gibbons, unlawfully and fraudulently did convert the sum of £1 3s. 4d., part of the said property, to his own use and benefit.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210045"/>
<p>Mr. Graham Mould prosecuted; Mr. Eustace Fulton defended.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-189" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-189" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-189" type="surname" value="GIBBONS"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-189" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE GIBBONS</persName> </hi>, 107, East Road, Hoxton, bonnet shape maker. I first made the acquaintance of prisoner about two years ago, and appointed him my agent to collect rents for Nos. 15, 17, and 19, King's Road, Clissold Park, and Nos. 27 and 28, Queen's Road, Clis
<lb/>sold Park, these premises being owned by me. I gave the prisoner a paying-in book, and he was to pay all moneys collected into the bank and render an account as soon as possible after the quarter-day. He had never paid any money direct into the bank, but had handed it to me and rendered an account. I also arranged that prisoner should pay all rates and taxes and outgoings for repairs in connec
<lb/>tion with my property. I received the first account and cheque to balance about May 4 or 5, 1907, and the second a few days after July 30. The last account I received was in respect of rents for August, September, and October, and in that statement two items were mentioned: "Neale's account to follow," and "Post-dated cheque, £11 5s., Ricardo, in hand." I received a letter at the same time stating that Ricardo's cheque was post-dated November 23, but</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210046"/>
<p>have received no further statement with regard to Neale's account, or with regard to any of my property, since about November 20, al
<lb/>though prisoner still continued to collect my rents. I wrote several times for further accounts, but was unable to get them. I have not kept copies of the letters I wrote and am unable to give the dates. I also called on several occasions at his place of business and residence, but could not see the prisoner. I did get one reply to my letters, I think, on April 3, 1908, stating that he would call on that date, but he did not do so. He did call on Wednesday, April 8, about seven o'clock. I was ill at the time. I asked him why he had not been to see me before or render an account. He replied, "I was too much ashamed to come and see you." I asked him why he had not answered my letters, and he said he had made away with the money. I asked him how, and he said by speculation. I told him the amount was £70 and asked what he was going to do in the matter. He said he would let me have £25 on Monday and a statement, because I wanted to know how I stood. I received no money or statement, and that was the last I saw of him. On the following Wednesday I went round to my tenants and told them not to pay any more rents to the prisoner, and on April 15 instructed my solicitors to apply for the amount owing to me.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I received the accounts regularly up to Novem
<lb/>ber and expected another shortly after Christmas, but did not see anything of the prisoner until April. I first became anxious about my account at the end of February or the beginning of March. I admit I instructed the prisoners clerk, or Mrs. Moore, that there would be another account to collect in connection with another house which I had just let. I did not make any serious attempt to see the prisoner alter business hours, but called at least half a dozen times during the day. I had an appointment on April 8 at six o'clock in the City, the date when prisoner said he would see me and had to send an express messenger down, as he did not turn up, to say I would see him on Saturday. I was not on friendly terms with him when he called to see me on Monday, and do not believe I shook hands with him. He did not tell me he had been very busy, but seemed thoroughly ashamed of himself, nor did he say he would pay me as soon as he got the account out. I did not tell him not to collect my accounts any more, because I still expected the money. When no money came I went to see my solicitor. My solicitor wrote applying for the money. Here was no reply, and the following week I saw my solicitor again and went with him to the North London Police Court. I applied for a summons, which the magistrate refused. He said I could lock prisoner up and take the responsibility. I then had prisoner arrested between five and six o'clock on Saturday even
<lb/>ing. I did not see prisoner's wife except at the police station, and she then said, "Here is some of the money, and I will give you the remainder some other day." I said, "I cannot take it, it is too late."</p>
<p>Re-examined. No money was offered to me previous to prisoner's arrest. I had nothing to do with the particular time at which he was arrested. A detective was sent with me by the sergeant in charge</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210047"/>
<p>at the police-station, and after waiting about three hours round pri
<lb/>soner's house we did not see him. The detective then saw prisoner's wife and made an appointment, and that is all I know about the matter. I had no particular motive in my method of prosecuting the prisoner.</p>
<p>Mrs.
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-190" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-190" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-190" type="surname" value="SOMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-190" type="given" value="SARAH"/>SARAH SOMAN</persName> </hi>, 17, King's Road, Stoke Newington, wife of Edmund Soman, boot manufacturer, tenant of George Gibbons. I have known prisoner as collector of George Gibbons' rents since May, 1907. I have paid the rent to him down to March of this year. Up to December my rent was 26s. per week, but since then it has been 15s. I have paid the prisoner from October 1 to March 3 £22 18s. I did not always pay the full sum weekly, but the account was properly settled in March.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The rates on 17, King's Road amounted to £6 13s. 10d. for the half year. Very little repairs were done from September to March by the prisoner's orders, but one or two small things. The water rate for the premises amounts to £1 2s. 2d. for the half year, and there were gas repairs amounting to 6s. or 7s., which I paid, and which prisoner allowed for.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I cannot say whether the rates were paid by pri
<lb/>soner; I usually took the demand notes down to him. Once after I had taken the demand note for the water rate to prisoner it was not paid at the proper time, and I had a further application, and as the house was in my name I had to pay the amount £1 2s. 2d. myself. That was about the second week in March. No one was collecting the rent at this particular time.</p>
<p>Mrs.
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-191" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-191" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-191" type="surname" value="CARLTON"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-191" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH CARLTON</persName> </hi>, 19, King's Road, Stoke Newington. I am a widow and a tenant of Mr. George Gibbons. I have paid as rent to prisoner, as agent for George Gibbons, £20 5s. from the end of September to March 25. My rent is 15s. per week, collected monthly. In April last I was served with a distress warrant in respect of the rates for the quarter ending March 25, amounting to £6 16s. 4d. on April 24. My agreement with the landlord was that he should pay all rates. I took the summons to Mr. Ringwood, who had been ap
<lb/>pointed in place of the prisoner to collect Mr. Gibbons's rents, and he paid the amount due. It should have been paid some time before. Cross-examined. I have never before received a summons in re
<lb/>spect of rates while prisoner was collecting the rents. Mr. Ringwood was at this time collecting.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-192" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-192" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-192" type="surname" value="RICARDO"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-192" type="given" value="EMMANUEL"/>EMMANUEL RICARDO</persName> </hi>, wholesale jeweller, 15, King's Road, Stoke Newington. I am a tenant of George Gibbons, and knew prisoner as rent collector for the landlord. I gave prisoner a post-dated cheque for £11 5s., dated November 20, drawn by my wife is payment of rest. The cheque was presented and paid on November 21. I did not give a cheque post-dated November 23. I also handed prisoner a cheque for £8 7s., dated March 12, 1908, for rent due December 25. The cheque was presented and paid on March 12.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I always made my cheques payable to prisoner in the ordinary way, and post-dated them if necessary.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210048"/>
<p>Mrs.
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-193" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-193" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-193" type="surname" value="BRADSHAW"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-193" type="given" value="REBECCA"/>REBECCA BRADSHAW</persName> </hi>, 27, Queen's Road, Stoke Newington, wife of Walter Bradshaw, a tenant of George Gibbons. I have known prisoner as rent collector for the landlord. On February 8, 1908, I paid the prisoner £9 5s. in cash for one quarters rent due at Christ
<lb/>mas.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The full quarter's rent is £11 5s., but the King's taxes amount to £2, which I paid and deducted, and have the receipt for.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-194" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-194" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-194" type="surname" value="NEALE"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-194" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>DANIEL NEALE</persName> </hi>, 19, King's Road, Stoke Newington. I am a tenant of George Gibbons, and have known prisoner as rent collector. I paid him £2 10s. on August 8 and £1 4s. on September 21 on account of my rent. My rent was 12s. per week. I also paid prisoner 12s. on March 7. I have not paid my rent regularly. I have a rent book which I asked prisoner for repeatedly, but was unable to obtain.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. It was not on account of prisoner keeping my book that I was irregular with my payments. The landlord once took possession prior to this case on account of my not paying the rent.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-195" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-195" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-195" type="surname" value="FOWLER"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-195" type="given" value="NATHANIEL MERES"/>NATHANIEL MERES FOWLER</persName> </hi>, clerk, in the employ of the solicitors acting for the prosecutor. I wrote the letter of April 15 on behalf of George Gibbons, giving prisoner one week in which to make an account payment, and posted it.</p>
<p>Detective
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-196" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-196" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-196" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-196" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN CLARK</persName> </hi>, N Division. On May 9 I arrested prisoner at his address in Clarence Terrace, Church Street, Stoke Newington. When I arrested him I told him the charge. He said: "I cannot understand why Mr. Gibbons should have me arrested; it is simply a matter of account. If Mr. Gibbons will withdraw the charge I can find the money to pay him; it is only between £40 and £50. when can I see Mr. Gibbons." I said: "You will see him shortly." Pri
<lb/>soner asked me: "When was the information laid for my warrant." I said: "You are not arrested on the warrant, you are arrested under the Larceny Act of 1901." At the station prisoner said to Gib
<lb/>bons: "It is very vindictive on your part to have me charged." Gib
<lb/>bons replied: "You had no mercy on me, I will not have any on you." When prisoner was charged he said: "Can I see my solicitor."</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I was not instructed in the ordinary course by my superior officer to arrest prisoner, but acted on my own initiative. I have known prisoner as living at Clarence Terrace, Church Street, Stoke Newington, for some years, and he has never been charged with any offence before.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-197" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-197" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-197" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-197" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES MOORE</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I have carried on business at 4, Clarence Terrace, Stoke Newington, for five years, under the name of James Moore and Co., as an auctioneer and estate agent. I was first instructed to collect rents for Gibbons about January, 1907. Following the usual practice in rent collecting, I used to allow three weeks' grace on quarterly collections, although sometimes the tenants take longer, and I was thus unable to render an account until seven or eight weeks after quarter-day to Gibbons. I receive all the rents from</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210049"/>
<p>the tenants and pay them into my own account, and then deduct such sums as have to be paid out, rates, taxes, repairs, fines, and commis sion, and draw a cheque in settlement, although I usually retain a certain sum in hand. There have been occasions, however, when Gib
<lb/>bons has owed me money on the account. On May 11, 1907, I sent Gibbons a cheque for the balance of account due to him, less a small sum which I kept in hand. That was in settlement of the March quarter. In August I sent another cheque for rents up to the June quarter, and on November 21 an account and cheque in settlement of the Michaelmas quarter, leaving everything straight up to that time. The next account should have been sent in some time in February. I had two applications about the beginning of February from Gibbons for an account, but owing to the serious illness of two of my children I was very worried. I had a sanitary notice served on me and my house and office had to be reconstructed. During this time I did not attend to my books properly and my accounts got into a muddle, but I did not anticipate any criminal action would be taken. I have no recollection of any requests for an account from Gibbons during this time. On one occasion I made an appointment, but he sent me an express letter stopping me. On April 8 I went to his house in the evening to see him. When I saw him in his shop on the ground floor I said: "I expect you are cross with me." He then asked me to go upstairs, which I did. He seemed very agitated and excited, but did not seem very ill. He said to me: "Why have not you rendered me an account." I said: "Well, Mr. Gibbons, I have been exceedingly worried with my domestic affairs," mentioning my children. I said I regretted exceedingly that I had not rendered an account. I did not say I was frightened or ashamed to come and see him. I told him that money was tight, but that I would send a cheque on the following Monday for £25, get out an account, and let him have the balance as quickly as possible. He was very friendly, and received my suggestion in a very friendly manner. He told me to continue collecting the rents, and I assumed he was perfectly satisfied with everything, with the exception of my not having rendered an account. We parted on per
<lb/>fectly friendly terms and shook hands. Some little time after my clerk told me that Gibbons had been to the office and used very abusive language. I was very annoyed at this, and said: "Let him wait for his account." I had no warning that any criminal action would be taken, but after a solicitor's letter applying for the money I was arrested at my own house. I did not see prosecutor at the time of my arrest. I was taken to the station and kept in the charge room for three hours waiting for prosecutor to charge me. When he came I said to him: "Mr. Gibbons, you do not mean to be so vin
<lb/>dictive as to have me charged." He said: "You had no mercy on me, I will not have any on you. I have waited seven months for my money." He was very excited at the time. I was arrested on Saturday after banking hours and had no chance of getting bail and was kept in custody till the Monday.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I could always have found the money and paid Gibbons if instead of taking proceedings at he did he had</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210050"/>
<p>waited till I had got my books out of the muddle they were in. The money was at the police court, but it was not allowed to be paid over. I have had no banking account since Christmas, but I could have got the money. I did not send the cheque for £25 I had promised on the Monday, because Gibbons had been round to my office while I was away on business and had used disgusting language and comported himself in a discourteous manner. On the following Wednesday when I received the solicitor's letter demanding the account, it was impossible owing to the state of my books to get it out accurately. I have been rather lax with my books, but that is the sole cause why the account has not been rendered. I assumed that the solicitors wanted a full statement of account, and that I could not get out. I could not send my own cheque for the £25 I had promised, but I could have raised it. At this time the collection had been taken out of my hands and I had not access to the rent books, which made it difficult for me to get out an account. I admit that some of the money had been in my possession since August, 1907. I have made no payment on account of Ricardo's post-dated cheque of Novem
<lb/>ber 20. I did not know how Neale's account stood, because he would never bring his receipts to me. His rent book, which he says he could not get from me, was mislaid and could not be found. With regard to the paragraph in my letter of November 20 that I had a post-dated cheque of Ricardo's of November 23, that is probably a clerical error. I have paid during the period when I rendered no account to Gibbons £6 13s. 10d. for rates in respect of 17, King's Road, and £5 12s. 6d. for repairs against the estate. I cannot give the date of payment of the £6 13s. 10d., but I paid it under pressure and out of respect for the occupier, because I was not collecting the rents at the time. I had heard that there was a distress warrant issued against the tenant. It was not my place to pay the amount, but the new collector's. I admit that rates are always applied for in advance, and these may have become due during the time I was col
<lb/>lecting for Gibbons, but no demand note was sent to me. The collec
<lb/>tion of the rents was taken out of my hands after the end of March. I have not paid for any repairs in connection with the estate since the last account rendered, the only payments I have made being £6.13s. 10d. for rates and one or two small items and my com
<lb/>mission would have to be taken off. I estimate the amount I owe Gibbons at the present time to be about £60, after deducting the amounts I have mentioned, and my commission of 2 1/2 per cent. I was never insolvent during the time of my connection with Gibbons. I had been in practice five years and had a good connection. I deny that I was spending prosecutor's money and consequently could not settle his account. I was rather pressed for money, but I had assets. I admit I was pressed for money in two quarters in February. If com
<lb/>Gibbons had regarded this as a matter of account I should have paid him. I admit I was served with a County Court summons by a Dr. Griffin for rents which I collected for him, but owing to my books being in such a state I was unable to get out an account and pay him, but I intend doing so. I have not yet paid any money on the judg
<lb/>ment</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210051"/>
<p>summons, which went against me by default, owing to my absence at Eastbourne, these proceedings having prevented my doing so. At the interview with Gibbons on April 8 I suggested to him that if he thought he was not going to get his money he could hold my property at Leytonstone as security. My property is mortgaged, but it has an equitable value, although I have not been able to realise owing to my present position. I did not say at the time that I was ashamed, because I intended to pay Gibbons and still intend to. I was trying to get my books straight at the time these proceedings were taken.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I collected a great number of accounts in the course of my business and the County Court summons by Dr. Griffin was the only other action ever taken against me for rent. My arrest has had the effect of thoroughly ruining me. I was offered £325 for my business and the negotiations were practically finished, but now my business has gone.</p>
<p>To the Court. I had no other business as rent collector beyond that of Mr. Gibbons and Dr. Griffin's at the time of my arrest, but I was in practice selling properties, letting properties, making valua
<lb/>tions, and other business appertaining to an auctioneer's practice. I was also selling ground rents by private treaty. I have no bank book now, having closed my account with the bank in December last. I have not opened an account with any other bank since. I used to keep money at my house. My net profit from my business from the beginning of the year till the date of my arrest would be about £100 to £120. My business has been sold on the deferred payment system, and I have no books with me, because they went with the business.</p>
<p>Verdict:
<rs id="t19080721-37-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-37-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-37-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>Guilty, "with a recommendation to mercy, because we think his domestic troubles have considerably influenced his disposi
<lb/>tion.</rs>"</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080721-37-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-37-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-37-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-37-19080721 t19080721-37-punishment-28"/>Six weeks' imprisonment, second division.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUDGE RENTOUL</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, July 23.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080721-38">
<interp inst="t19080721-38" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080721"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-38" type="date" value="19080721"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080721-38-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-38-19080721 t19080721-38-offence-1 t19080721-38-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080721-38-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-38-19080721 t19080721-38-offence-1 t19080721-38-verdict-2"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-38-19080721" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-38-19080721" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19080721" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19080721" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19080721" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19080721" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DAVIS</hi>, Arthur (19, labourer)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-38-19080721" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-38-19080721" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-38-19080721" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def2-38-19080721" type="surname" value="KITE"/>
<interp inst="def2-38-19080721" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def2-38-19080721" type="occupation" value="spring maker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">KITE</hi>, William (19, spring maker)</persName>
<rs id="t19080721-38-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-38-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-38-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, feloniously wounding
<persName id="t19080721-name-200" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-200" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-200" type="surname" value="LESHOSKY"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-200" type="given" value="JACOB"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080721-38-offence-1 t19080721-name-200"/>Jacob Leshosky</persName> with intent to do him some grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Dulley prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-201" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-201" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-201" type="surname" value="LESHOSKY"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-201" type="given" value="JACOB"/>JACOB LESHOSKY</persName> </hi>, 47, Red Lion Street, Hoxton, teacher of languages. Between 9 and 9.30 p.m. on Tuesday, June 16, I had just finished my teaching lessons, and was walking home through Red Lion Court. Davis was standing just by the corner of the public-house in the court, playing with some girls. I walked in the middle of the court, and as I passed he called me a Jewish bastard and twenty other damning names, but I did not care for that so long as he did not touch me. Davis followed me, and I ran for home. He</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210052"/>
<p>caught me up, and I stood and said, "What do you want of me? Do not touch me, because I am a neighbour in this country. I live here; I must go home." He did not care what I said. He gave me first a punch on my jaw and knocked out two teeth; then he tried to rob me of my chain, thinking it was gold. He did not get it, because I lifted up my umbrella to protect myself, and then after that the other pri
<lb/>soner came up and hit me right on my head. I could not see what it was he hit me with because it was dark, but I think it was a lump of iron. The hat produced to me is the one I was wearing at the time. On July 9 I identified Davis at Old Street Police Station. I did not pick out Kite because he was behind my back when he struck me. I have no doubt about Davis; I picked him out of about twelve or fourteen.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-202" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-202" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-202" type="surname" value="SUGAR"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-202" type="given" value="EDITH"/>EDITH SUGAR</persName> </hi> (witness at first refused to give evidence). I am fourteen years of age, and live at 8, Pound's Buildings. About 9 p.m. on June 16 I was looking after a stall in Hoxton Street, near Red Lion Court. I heard a scream, and went down Red Lion Court and saw the injured man. Davis spoke a few words to him, and the injured man said a few words back, and Davis took off his belt and hit the injured man twice on the head; his head was bleeding. I never noticed the other prisoner.</p>
<p>To the Court. There were a number of people about. I have known Davis by sight for about a year; I have never spoken to him. I knew Kite before. There were about twenty or thirty people there. I have no doubt at all that it was Davis who hit the prosecutor twice with the belt.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-203" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-203" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-203" type="surname" value="WELSH"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-203" type="given" value="ALBERT JOHN"/>ALBERT JOHN WELSH</persName> </hi>. I am twelve years old, and live at 20, Essex Street, Hoxton. About 9 p.m. on June 16 I was in Redver's Street and saw two boys running. They were about the same size as the prisoners, and about the same age. One of them was carrying a belt; I could not tell you which one it was.</p>
<p>To the Court. I do not know whether it was these boys or not; there were a few people there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-204" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-204" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-204" type="surname" value="BARNETT"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-204" type="given" value="ROSINA"/>ROSINA BARNETT</persName> </hi>. I am sixteen years of age, and live at 9, Allerton Street, Hoxton. About 9 p.m. on June 16 I was in Redvers Street I was with them and Louisa Towers about 9 p.m. on June 16 at the top of Red Lion Court. We were eating potatoes from a paper. A little boy kept asking us for some, and we told him to go away. Arthur Davis turned round as a man passed, and said to the little boy, "Ask my brother, he will give you a halfpenny." I do not know whether the man was the prosecutor, because I did not see him, but he was a man of something like his age. The man who was passing then said, "You Christian dogs, you s—h—'s, if you come down here I will cut your b—heads off." With that Davis went down to the man and asked him the meaning of cutting heads off. The man turned round, and said, "If you do not go away I will hit you." The man got up his umbrella and tried to hit Gardener—that is the name they give Davis—and then Davis turned round and hit the man. to defend the blow from himself; then the man tried to hit Kite and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210053"/>
<p>Kite did the same to baulk the blow. I was not there the whole time, but I only saw prisoners use their fists; I did not see the man fall down.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-205" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-205" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-205" type="surname" value="TOWERS"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-205" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>LOUISA TOWERS</persName> </hi>. I am 19 years of age and live at 4, Singleton Street, Hoxton. I was with Rosina Barnett and the two prisoners on the night in question. We were standing at the top of Red Lion Court eating fried potatoes; a little boy came up to ask for some, and we told him to go away, but he did not, and just then a Jew man passed by, and Davis turned to the little boy and said, "Go and ask my brother for a halfpenny," and the Jew man turned round and said, "You Christian dogs, you shit-houses," and then he walked down, mumbling, and said: "If you come down here I will cut your bleeding heads off." Davis walked down and said: "What do you mean talking of cutting heads off?" and the Jew man said: "If you do not go away I will hit you," and with that the Jew man went to hit Davis and Davis baulked the blow. Davis started the fight, and Kite went and fought with him. I saw the Jew man knock Davis over and hit him on the back. I never saw the prosecutor on the ground at all. I waited till the whole of the fight was over, because I told Davis to go away; he had a blow on the back, and he said, "My back hurts," and I told him to go away. Neither of the prisoners used a belt while I was there. Belt produced is Davis's belt, because I have seen one like it on him.</p>
<p>To the Court. When Davis said to the little boy. "Ask my brother, he will give you a halfpenny," I cannot say whether he meant the foreigner or whether he meant Kite; he used to talk of Kite in that way.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-206" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-206" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-206" type="surname" value="ELY"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-206" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES ELY</persName> </hi>, 465 G. About 11.30 p.m. on June 18 I saw prisoners in Pimlico Walk, Hoxton, and told them that from information received I should take them to the police station for causing bodily harm to a man in Red Lion Court on the 16th; they made no reply; I took them to the station. Davis was charged, and he made no reply. Kite was not detained, because there was not sufficient evidence at the time; he was re
<lb/>arrested at a later date and charged.</p>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-207" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-207" type="surname" value="COX"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-207" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL COX</persName> </hi>, G Division. At 9 a.m. on June 12 I saw prisoner Kite at Old Street Police Station. He said he wished to make a statement; I took it down in writing and he signed it. He says: "I am William Kite; my age is 17; I live at 81, Crondall Street. At 9.15 p.m. on Tuesday night I was standing outside the Red Lion public-house, in Red Lion Court. I was with my mate named Davis and two girls; we were eating fried potatoes when a little boy came up to Davis and asked him for a halfpenny to buy some potatoes. Davis said, 'Ask him, he is my brother.' At that time the Jew man was passing; the Jew man thought that Davis was alluding to him. He, the Jew, then turned round and said to Davis, 'You Christian dog, I am not your brother.' He then walked on for about 12 or 14 yards, and he turned round again and said to Davis, 'I am not your brother, you shit-houses; if you come down here I will knock your bleeding heads off.' He was swinging his</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210054"/>
<p>umbrella about, and attempted to strike Davis, who dodged the blow. We both went to get away and I pushed a girl over, and the man struck Davis on the back with his umbrella. I saw Davis trying to defend himself. A large crowd gathered round, and Davis and I ran away. I am making this statement quite voluntarily and without any promises or threats from anyone.—Signed, William Kite." He was allowed to go, as there was no evidence against him at that time; I told him he would be released subject to further inquiry. About 11 p.m. on June 25 I was keeping observation in Allerton Street, Hoxton, where I saw prisoner Kite with Rose Barnett. I told him I was going to arrest him for being concerned with Gardener—that is Davis, he is known as Gardener—in causing grievous bodily harm to a man on the night of the 16th. Prisoner said, "All right." On the way to the station he said, "Do not bring the two girls into it; they cannot help what we have done." At the station the charge was ex
<lb/>plained to him, and in answer to it he said, "Am I charged with strik
<lb/>ing him with the belt?" I replied, "You are charged with being con
<lb/>cerned with Davis in causing grievous bodily harm." Kite said, "I might have struck him with my fist, but that was in self-defence; I did not see my pal use his belt." On July 9 I took prosecutor from the hospital to the Old Street Police Station in order to identify the prisoners. I placed prisoners up amongst a number of other men, and prosecutor immediately went up and identified Davis as the man who struck him. He was not sure about Kite; he stood in front of him, but would not take the responsibility of identifying him.</p>
<p>To Davis. It is not true that prosecutor walked up and down the line several times and nodded his head as though he was counting, and then said, "You are the man," or that an officer counted the line and then said something to another officer, who then went out and fetched the prosecutor.</p>
<p>To the Court. Prisoners placed themselves in what position they liked in the line, and when the officer went out to fetch the prosecutor they were told that they could change their positions if they liked. Every fairness was displayed in the identification. Prosecutor did not hesitate about Davis, but he was not sure about Kite; he did not identify Kite.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-208" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-208" type="surname" value="BUGDEN"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-208" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES BUGDEN</persName> </hi>, 446 G. About 9.15 on the night in question I saw prosecutor in Red Lion Court bleeding from the head. I endeavoured to stop the bleeding by putting a damp hand
<lb/>kerchief on his head, and took him to Old Street Police Station, where he was seen by the doctor, who ordered him to be taken to the hospital. I took prosecutor to St. Bartholomew's Hospital.</p>
<p>Inspector
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-209" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-209" type="surname" value="ALLISON"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-209" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE ALLISON</persName> </hi>, G Division. I was in charge of the Old Street Police Station on June 16. About 9.30 p.m. prosecutor was brought to the station suffering from a severe wound on the head. I temporarily dressed it, and sent for the doctor, who dressed it and ordered his removal to the hospital, where he was taken. About 11.30 p.m. on June 18 both prisoners were brought to the station. I asked them for their belts. Davis produced this belt, the one with the large buckle; Kite took off this belt, the smaller one, with a small</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210055"/>
<p>buckle. I afterwards told Davis that he would be charged with assault
<lb/>ing and attempting to rob, and also with causing grievous bodily harm. He made no answer. I also produced the hat that I took away from the prosecutor on the night he was brought in; it is cut right through. The buckle of the belt that was taken away from Davis exactly fits the cut.</p>
<p>To the Court. Prisoners were arrested on information from Con
<lb/>stable Ely. The man who pointed them out to the constable is not called because he knew nothing about it personally; it was only from information he received from the girl Sugar.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-210" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-210" type="surname" value="GARRETT"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-210" type="given" value="HENRY EDWARD"/>HENRY EDWARD GARRETT</persName> </hi>, divisional surgeon, G Division. About ten o'clock on night in question I saw prosecutor at Old Street Station. He was bleeding from the mouth and from the top of the head; he was in a confused condition, apparently from concussion. He was suffering from a severe scalp wound on the upper and left side of the head, about one and three-quarter inch long, and on probing the wound I found that it extended down to the bone, and that a portion of the bone had been ploughed up. I dressed his wounds temporarily, and sent him to the hospital on the ambulance.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-211" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-211" type="surname" value="FAVELL"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-211" type="given" value="RICHARD VERNON"/>RICHARD VERNON FAVELL</persName> </hi>, house surgeon, St. Bartholomew's Hospital. On the night in question prosecutor was brought to the hospital. He had had two teeth knocked out, there were two bleeding sockets; on the top of the head a cut two inches long, and beneath that a fracture of the bone. An operation was performed at once, and a piece of bone about an inch or an inch and a half removed. Prosecutor was in a dangerous condition for a fortnight; he was in the hospital for three weeks. It was an extremely serious case when he was brought to the hospital, and there it still danger. He may develop symptoms later on.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-212" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-212" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-212" type="surname" value="SUGAR"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-212" type="given" value="EDITH"/>EDITH SUGAR</persName> </hi>, recalled. I first told my mother about this fight, and told her Davis was in it. I did not know about Kite. My mother went over to a man named Jacobs in the fish shop and told him about it, and Mr. Jacobs spoke to me about it, and asked me to go with the police and watch until these boys passed and pick out Davis. I did that. I have been threatened since by a pal of theirs. He smacked me on the face, and he got two months' hard labour. Then two boys last Sunday afternoon gave me a black eye, and when they were brought before the magistrate the magistrate discharged the case although I had the little boy that was with me to prove it. Nobody else has molested me except those that have been brought up already before the magistrate. I do not know how the fight began, because I was not there. The first I heard was a scream, and I went down the court and saw the prosecutor, and saw Davis speak a few words to the prosecutor and the prosecutor said a few words back. The prosecutor did not strike Davis at all—not that I saw.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-213" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-213" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-213" type="surname" value="LESHOSKY"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-213" type="given" value="JACOB"/>JACOB LESHOSKY</persName> </hi>, recalled. I heard the story told by Rosina Barnett and Louisa Towers, and understood what they were saying. It is not true that I called prisoners Christian dogs and used a lot of bad language. It is not true that I began the row. Davis first of</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210056"/>
<p>all called me names and I ran away and Davis after me. The evidence of these two young women is untrue; they are the prisoners' companions; he is always playing with them.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-214" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-214" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-214" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR DAVIS</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath). At the time this hap
<lb/>pened we were eating fish and potatoes; a little child passing by said, "Give me one." I said, "You go and ask my brother for a half-penny, I have got no more." The Jew man was passing by, and he turned and said, "What do you mean, your Christian dogs?" I said, "I am not taking to you, and I have no arguments with you." He turned round again, swinging his umbrella, and said, "You Christian bastards, if you come down here I will cut your bleeding head off." I said, "What do you mean by threatening me like that?" he kept on saying, "If you do not go away I will cut your bleeding head off," and again I asked him, "What do you mean," and as he struck me I shoved him and he hit me on the back and we fell down, and then we got up and fought, and a crowd got round, and when it was over he went one way and I went the other.</p>
<p>To the Court. I say as he struck me with his umbrella I shoved him and then tried to get away, but he put his umbrella between my legs and knocked me down and hit me several times on the back, and I got up and bent my back, because the blows hurt me, and as he kept striking me with the stick I kept punching him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">KITE</hi>. I can only make the same statement as I made in the state
<lb/>ment I gave to the police.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080721-38-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-38-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-38-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Davis, Guilty</rs>;
<rs id="t19080721-38-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-38-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-38-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Kite, Not guilty.</rs> Sentence on Davis,
<rs id="t19080721-38-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-38-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-38-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-38-19080721 t19080721-38-punishment-29"/>six months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080721-39">
<interp inst="t19080721-39" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080721"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-39" type="date" value="19080721"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080721-39-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-39-19080721 t19080721-39-offence-1 t19080721-39-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080721-39-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-39-19080721 t19080721-39-offence-2 t19080721-39-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-39-19080721" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-39-19080721" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19080721" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19080721" type="surname" value="FROST"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19080721" type="given" value="REUBEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19080721" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FROST</hi>, Reuben (29, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19080721-39-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-39-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-39-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assaultWithIntent"/>; attempting to carnally know
<persName id="t19080721-name-216" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-216" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-216" type="surname" value="ASALS"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-216" type="given" value="ROSE ELLEN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080721-39-offence-1 t19080721-name-216"/>Rose Ellen Asals</persName>, a girl under the age of 13 years.</rs>
<rs id="t19080721-39-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-39-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-39-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="indecentAssault"/>Indecently assaulting
<persName id="t19080721-name-217" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-217" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-217" type="surname" value="ASALS"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-217" type="given" value="ROSE ELLEN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080721-39-offence-2 t19080721-name-217"/>Rose Ellen Asals</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Clarke Hall prosecuted.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080721-39-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-39-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-39-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>; sentence,
<rs id="t19080721-39-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-39-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-39-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-39-19080721 t19080721-39-punishment-30"/>four months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080721-40">
<interp inst="t19080721-40" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080721"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-40" type="date" value="19080721"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080721-40-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-40-19080721 t19080721-40-offence-1 t19080721-40-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-40-19080721" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-40-19080721" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-40-19080721" type="age" value="58"/>
<interp inst="def1-40-19080721" type="surname" value="TURNER"/>
<interp inst="def1-40-19080721" type="given" value="THOMAS JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-40-19080721" type="occupation" value="salesman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">TURNER</hi>, Thomas James (58, salesman)</persName>
<rs id="t19080721-40-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-40-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-40-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bankrupcy"/>; being an undischarged bankrupt, obtaining credit to the extent of £20 and upwards from various persons without informing them that he was an undischarged bankrupt.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Graham-Campbell prosecuted; Mr. Ramsay defended.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-219" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-219" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-219" type="surname" value="BOYLE"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-219" type="given" value="GEORGE INGLES"/>GEORGE INGLES BOYLE</persName> </hi>, London Bankruptcy Court Messenger. I produce the file of the proceedings in bankruptcy of Thomas James Turner in the year 1890 and of James Thomas Turner in the year 1908.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-220" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-220" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-220" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-220" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES ROBERTS</persName> </hi>, Examiner in the Official Receiver's Department, London Bankruptcy Court. On January 23, 1890, a receiving order was made on a creditor's petition against Thomas James Turner. He was trading at that time as Turner Brothers, provision merchants. He was adjudicated bankrupt on February 26, 1890, (liabilities £2, 061 2s. 6d., assets £1, 018 13s. 9d., but upon investigation it turned out that the liabilities were about £6, 000 and the assets about £78.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190807210057"/>
<p>No dividend was paid. On June 10, 1900, he applied for his dis
<lb/>charge, which was refused, and he is still an undischarged bankrupt. On June 1, 1901, an order to prosecute was made, which is now upon the file. On March 24, 1908, he filed his petition and a receiving order was made and he was adjudicated the same day. In those proceedings he described himself as James Thomas Turner.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. There was a Chancery dispute connected with the 1890 bankruptcy. It is quite possible where there are Chancery pro
<lb/>ceedings that the estimate of the debtor and the ultimate result of the assets and liabilities show a considerable difference; I should say the claims are usually for a full amount. I did not deal with the proofs on that occasion.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080721-name-221" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080721-name-221" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-221" type="surname" value="HARDING"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-name-221" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES HARDING</persName> </hi>, farmer, Hillmartin, Calne, Wiltshire. In July, 1907, I received a memorandum from Canning, Russell, and Co., stating that they were buyers of eggs, butter, bacon, and so on, and I supplied them with goods to the value of £25 2s. There was one payment off of £5, leaving £20 2s. due. I was not paid any more, and I subsequently took proceedings against prisoner at the Calne County Court, and recovered judgment. He never told me that he was an undischarged bankrupt. I first learnt that fact after the present bankruptcy.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. On July 30, 1907, I sent prisoner two sample cheeses. About August 15 I sent him 6 cwt. 1 qr. 6 lb. of the same class of cheese. This is the first I have heard of his disputing that it was the same quality. I got judgment in his absence, but he had ample opportunity to attend the Court. I do not know that he could not afford to travel to the Court. I do not know that he disputed the second lot of cheese and after deducting the £5 that was paid that that brought the account down to £16. I have had no complaint whatever.</p>
<p>At this stage prisoner withdrew his plea of not guilty and pleaded guilty to the first and second counts of the indictment.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t19080721-40-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-40-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-40-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>The Jury found prisoner Guilty on the first two counts and not guilty on the other three.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">GRAHAM-CAMPBELL</hi> stated that prisoner had failed on four pre
<lb/>vious occasions and that on October 22, 1903, he was indicted before the Common Serjeant for a similar offence in connection with his 1890 bankruptcy and was sentenced to 15 month's hard labour, but that sentence was reduced by the Court for Crown Cases to 12 months' hard labour.</p>
<p>Inspector
<hi rend="smallCaps">COLLIN</hi>: During the past three years there have been about 50 complaints from various people in England and Scotland and also in Ireland, who have supplied goods to prisoner, some under £20 and some over.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. These complaints are not mostly from creditors on the petition; more than half of them are not scheduled here. I do not know that prisoner has paid a great many of them and has been trying to pay them gradually.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080721-40-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080721-40-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080721-40-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-40-19080721 t19080721-40-punishment-31"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>.</p>
<