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<p>1908, MAY,</p>
<p>Vol. CXLIX.] Part 884.</p>
<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</p>
<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>BELL, MAYOR.</p>
<p>EIGHTH SESSION,</p>
<p>HELD MAY 26TH, 1908, AND FOLLOWING DAYS.</p>
<p>MINUTES OF EVIDENCE,</p>
<p>TAKEN IN SHORTHAND BY</p>
<p>
<persName id="t19080526-name-1">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-1" type="surname" value="WALPOLE"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-1" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WALPOLE</persName>,</p>
<p>Shorthand Writer to the Court.</p>
<p>POINTS OF LAW AND PRACTICE</p>
<p>EDITED BY</p>
<p>
<persName id="t19080526-name-2">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-2" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>R. F. GRAHAM-CAMPBELL</persName>, ESQUIRE,</p>
<p>OF THE INNER TEMPLE.</p>
<p>[Published by Annual Subscription.]</p>
<p>LONDON:</p>
<p>GEO. WALPOLE, 1, NEW COURT, LINCOLN'S INN, W.C.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260002"/>
<p>PRINTED BY</p>
<p>THE ARGUS PRINTING COMPANY, LIMITED,</p>
<p>CORNER OF TUDOR STREET AND TEMPLE AVENUE,</p>
<p>LONDON, E. C.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260003"/>
<p>THE</p>
<p>WHOLE PROCEEDINGS</p>
<p>On the King's Commission of</p>
<p>OYER AND TERMINER AND GAOL DELIVERY</p>
<p>FOR</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>AND GAOL DELIVERY FOR THE</p>
<p>COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX, AND THE PARTS OF THE COUNTIES OF ESSEX, KENT, AND SURREY WITHIN THE JURISDICTION</p>
<p>OF THE.</p>
<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT,</p>
<p>Held on Tuesday, May 26th, 1908, and following days.</p>
<p>Before the Right Hon. Sir
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-3" type="surname" value="BELL"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-3" type="given" value="JOHN CHARLES"/>JOHN CHARLES BELL</persName> </hi>, Knight, Alderman,
<hi rend="largeCaps">LORD MAYOR</hi> of the city of London; the Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-4" type="surname" value="GRANTHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-4" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM GRANTHAM</persName> </hi>, Knight, one of the Justices of His Majesty's High Court; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-5" type="surname" value="POUND"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-5" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN POUND</persName> </hi>, Bart., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-6" type="surname" value="KNILL"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-6" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN KNILL</persName> </hi>, Bart., Sir T.
<hi rend="smallCaps">VANSITTART BOWATER</hi>, Kt., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-7" type="surname" value="SAVORY"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-7" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH SAVORY</persName> </hi>, Bart., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-8" type="surname" value="DAVIES"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-8" type="given" value="HORATIO"/>HORATIO D. DAVIES</persName> </hi>, K.C.M.G., and Captain
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-9" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>W. C. SIMMONS;</persName> </hi> Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-10" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-10" type="surname" value="FULTON"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-10" type="given" value="FORREST"/>FORREST FULTON</persName> </hi>, Knight, K.C., Recorder of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-11" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-11" type="surname" value="BOSANQUET"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-11" type="given" value="FREDERICK ALBERT"/>FREDERICK ALBERT BOSANQUET</persName>, K.C</hi>., Common Serjeant of the said City; His Honour
<persName id="t19080526-name-12" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-12" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>Judge
<hi rend="smallCaps">RENTOUL, K.C</hi>.</persName>, Commissioner, His Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-13" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-13" type="surname" value="BURNETT"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-13" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID BURNETT</persName> </hi>, Esq., Alderman</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-14" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-14" type="surname" value="WAKEFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-14" type="given" value="CHARLES CHEERS"/>CHARLES CHEERS WAKEFIELD</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-15" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-15" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-15" type="surname" value="ALGAR"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-15" type="given" value="CLAUDIUS GEORGE"/>CLAUDIUS GEORGE ALGAR</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-16" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-16" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-16" type="surname" value="LANGTON"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-16" type="given" value="JOSEPH DAVID"/>JOSEPH DAVID LANGTON</persName> </hi> Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
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<p>1908.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BELL, MAYOR. EIGHTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RECORDER</hi>.</p>
<p>(Tuesday, May 26.)</p> </div1>
<p>
<persName id="t19080526-name-17">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-17" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-17" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-17" type="surname" value="MARSHALL"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-17" type="given" value="EDWARD METHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-17" type="occupation" value="journalist"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARSHALL</hi>, Edward Metham (38, journalist)</persName>, who pleaded guilty on march 31 of forgery and uttering, and was ordered last Session to find a surety of £100 (see Vol.
<hi rend="largeCaps">CXLVIII</hi>., page 782, and page 5 of this volume), was again brought up. It was stated that he could not find the surety, but as he had been in custody for ten weeks the Recorder said he would release him on his own recognisances in £50 to come up for judgment if called upon.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t19080526-name-18">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-18" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-18" type="age" value="71"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-18" type="surname" value="CUDDON"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-18" type="given" value="GEORGE JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-18" type="occupation" value="agent"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CUDDON</hi>, George John (71, agent)</persName> (see page 43), who pleaded guilty last Session of uttering, and
<persName id="t19080526-name-19">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-19" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-19" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-19" type="surname" value="DELLANA"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-19" type="given" value="FRANK"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-19" type="occupation" value="secretary"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DELLANA</hi>, Frank (24, secre
<lb/>tary)</persName>, who pleaded guilty at the same time to forgery, were again Before the Court. It was stated that Dellana had executed an assign
<lb/>ment of certain concessions to the prosecutor, John Chipchase Grey, for which purpose sentence had been postponed.</p>
<p>Sentences: Cuddon, 12 months' hard labour; Dellana, 15 months hard labour.</p>
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<interp inst="def1-3-19080526" type="given" value="WILLIAM ARTHUR"/>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">ORCHARD</hi>, William Arthur (19, postman)</persName>,
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<interp inst="t19080526-3-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-3-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> of
<rs id="t19080526-3-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-3-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-3-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>stealing one post letter containing one postal order of the value of 2s., the property of the
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<interp inst="t19080526-name-21" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080526-3-offence-1 t19080526-name-21"/>Postmaster-General</persName>, he being employed under the Post Office.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080526-3-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-3-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-3-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-3-19080526 t19080526-3-punishment-1"/>Eight months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="def1-4-19080526" type="defendantName">
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<interp inst="def1-4-19080526" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19080526" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19080526" type="given" value="WILLAM EARL"/>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">WRIGHT</hi>, Willam Earl (29, no occupation)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-4-19080526" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-4-19080526" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-4-19080526" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def2-4-19080526" type="surname" value="HOLLOWAY"/>
<interp inst="def2-4-19080526" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def2-4-19080526" type="occupation" value="van traveller"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HOLLOWAY</hi>, William (27, van traveller)</persName>, both
<rs id="t19080526-4-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-4-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-4-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> of
<rs id="t19080526-4-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-4-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-4-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>forging and utter
<lb/>ing well knowing the same to be forged, a certain order for the pay
<lb/>ment of money, to wit, a banker's cheque for the payment of £3 10s., with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
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<p>It was stated that Wright had at one time held a license of the "Mitre Tavern," Blackfriars, during which he had an account at the London Joint Stock Bank. When he left the public-house he kept some blank cheques, and a few months ago he got into low water. He then met Holloway, and they went to live together at Kennington. About this time they made the acquaintance of another man, upon whose advice they made up their minds to use the blank cheques. They appeared to have got rid of four of them at least. Their method was to watch houses where tradesmen served, and after the tradesmen had left the house they would go and say that a mistake had been made in his book, and ask the servant for it, so getting his name. They would then write a cheque to the tradesmen, and take it to him with the book, in payment of his account, getting change out of the cheque.</p>
<p>Wright had been convicted for assaulting a man on a railway.</p>
<p>Sentence:
<rs id="t19080526-4-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
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<interp inst="t19080526-4-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-4-19080526 t19080526-4-punishment-2"/>Both, Nine months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-5-19080526" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-5-19080526" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19080526" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19080526" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19080526" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">EVANS</hi>, Harry (28, porter)</persName>
<rs id="t19080526-5-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-5-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-5-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>; breaking and entering the shop of the
<persName id="t19080526-name-25" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-25" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080526-5-offence-1 t19080526-name-25"/>Crown Emporium Company, Limited</persName>, and stealing therein four rings, the goods of the said company.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Sheridan prosecuted.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-26" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-26" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-26" type="surname" value="EDMONDS"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-26" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK EDMONDS</persName> </hi>, 597 City. On April 24, at about five to four a.m., I was in Lawrence Lane when I heard a smash of glass and ran into Cheapside, where I saw prisoner stand
<lb/>ing with his face close to a broken window at No. 105, the Crown Emporium Company, Limited, jewellers. On being observed prisoner ran away. I gave chase aud caught him in Cannon Street. He said, "It's just my luck; all right, I will go quietly." I took him to Cloak Lane Station and charged him; four rings were found on him (produced); they were in his trousers pocket. Prisoner said they were not the property of the Crown Emporium.</p>
<p>To Prisoner: I did not see you steal the rings from the shop.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-27" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-27" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-27" type="surname" value="PLATT"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-27" type="given" value="JEREMIAH"/>JEREMIAH PLATT</persName> </hi>, 542 City. On April 24, at 3.55, I was on duty in Wood Street, Cheapside, when I heard a smash of glass, and ran down Cheapside, where I saw the jeweller's shop window broken, inside which I saw the stone produced, and four rings missing from a card which was in the window. All the other cards were full. I did not see prisoner till I went to the station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-28" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-28" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-28" type="surname" value="PELHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-28" type="given" value="GEORGE WALTER"/>GEORGE WALTER PELHAM</persName> </hi>, manager of the Crown Emporium Com
<lb/>pany, Limited, Cheapside. On the morning of April 24, when I arrived at the shop, between eight and quarter-past, I found a police
<lb/>man on duty. I had left it all safe on the night before. One of the trays was slightly eased on one side as though it had been pressed from the front. There was a hole in the window and rings missing from a card directly opposite. These are the rings produced; they are made of 9-carat gold. The damage to the window would be about £4 15s.; it was insured. We sell the rings at 5s. each.</p>
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<p>To Prisoner. There were four clear holes in the card, which ought to have been filled; they are supposed to be full. I identify three of the rings; I am not sure of the other.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-29" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-29" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-29" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-29" type="given" value="HARRY"/>HARRY EVANS</persName> </hi>(prisoner, not on oath). I was walking by the Crown Emporium shop on the night when this happened. I see some rings on the pavement, picked them up, and put them in my pocket. I walked away; the constable saw me and ran after me. As soon as I saw him running I ran too. If I had stood by the shop where the window was broken he would have sworn it was me. Two of the rings I claim to be my own property, and the other two I picked off the ground.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-30" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-30" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-30" type="surname" value="EDMONDS"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-30" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK EDMONDS</persName> </hi>, recalled. There was no one else, as far as I could see, in Cheapside within at least 50 yards. Prisoner was not more than 2 ft. away from the window. At that time there is hardly anyone about in Cheapside.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I was on the other side of the road when the policeman saw me.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080526-5-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-5-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-5-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>. Prisoner confessed to a previous conviction at North London on May 28, 1907, for shopbreaking.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080526-5-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-5-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-5-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-5-19080526 t19080526-5-punishment-3"/>18 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-6-19080526" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19080526" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COUGHLIN</hi>, Richard (25, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19080526-6-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-6-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-6-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>; feloniously assaulting
<persName id="t19080526-name-32" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-32" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-32" type="surname" value="LYNSKY"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-32" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080526-6-offence-1 t19080526-name-32"/>Patrick Lynsky</persName>, with intent to rob him of his money.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. J. Wells Thatcher prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-33" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-33" type="surname" value="LYNSKY"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-33" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>PATRICK LYNSKY</persName> </hi>, 42, Wellesley Street, Stepney, ship's fireman. On Wednesday, May 20, I was paid off from my ship, and in the even
<lb/>ing I became intoxicated, walking up next morning in Thames Police Court. The police had taken my money away. I had put most of it in my inside breast pocket, which is rather an intricate pocket to get at. There was not as much money left as there ought to have been. Prisoner is a perfect stranger to me. My neck felt in the morning as if I had been strangled, and my left hip as if it had been kicked.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-34" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-34" type="surname" value="MALDEN"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-34" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY MALDEN</persName> </hi>, 94, Stepney Green, baker's barrowman, 16 years old. On May 20 I was in Cressy Place with Albert Edwards (Lynsky was brought into Court). I saw that man on Tuesday night at 9.30 in Cressy Place sitting on the pavement drunk. Four other men were also there; prisoner was one. They all had hold of prisoner, and when they got to the kerb they all fell down. Two then got up and walked away, but two remained, and when they got up Lynsky had his pockets turned inside out. The men went into the "Peli
<lb/>can." I waited there until they went in, then the other lad told a "copper." Prisoner was one of the men who went into the "Peli
<lb/>can," and he was taken into custody there by the policeman.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-35" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-35" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-35" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT EDWARDS</persName> </hi>, 94, Stepney Green. I have been a van boy and now pull a barrow down Cressy Place. I have gone about with papers. On May 20 I was with Malden. I saw prisoner with three</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260008"/>
<p>other men, who came down Cressy Place; they all fell on the kerb, and prosecutor was lying on the ground. When they got up the letters pockets were turned inside out. The others walked away, but prosecutor lay there; he could not get up. My friend followed the others, and I stopped with this man. Then the constable came up and took prosecutor to the station. I went with them and told the constable that I had seen it. I saw prisoner at the station on the next day. I am sure it was he. I had not seen him before this affair. Two of the four men went one way and two the other. Pri
<lb/>soner went in the direction of the "Pelican." It is about 10 minutes walk from where prosecutor was to the "Pelican."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-36" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-36" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-36" type="surname" value="BEECHEY"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-36" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS BEECHEY</persName> </hi>, carman. On the evening of May 20 I was at the corner of Gold Street, when I saw four men coming along; one was the prisoner. I had never seen him before. He said, "Look out, there comes a copper." With that all four made a run and knocked me in the road. I heard a boy call out, in consequence of which I followed the men. Two went one way and two the other. I saw prisoner go into the "Pelican" with another. I then left two boys there and went to Arbour Square for a constable. I came back with one and he called prisoner out of the "Pelican" after I had pointed him out, and he was taken into custody.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-37" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-37" type="surname" value="GOSBY"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-37" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK GOSBY</persName> </hi>, 35 H. R. On May 20 I went to Stepney Green and arrested two other men. I took them to Cressy Place, where I saw the prosecutor lying on the ground with his pockets turned inside out. He was very drunk. I had sent for assistance, and on the arrival of another officer I directed him to take prosecutor to the station, where he was charged with being drunk and incapable. I was present when he was searched. In the inside jacket pocket there was £ 9 in gold, 15s. 6d. in silver, and some bronze. I arrested two men, who were pointed out to me by a Jewish women, but the charge was not proceeded with. I saw pri
<lb/>soner in custody on the way to the station.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. Beechey did not say when you were at the station for identification that the cnap in the bowler hat was one of them.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-38" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-38" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-38" type="surname" value="FINDLAY"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-38" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN FINDLAY</persName> </hi>, 355 H. At 9.15 p.m. last Wednes
<lb/>day I was called by Beechey to the "Pelican" and prisoner was pointed out to me by him. I called prisoner outside and told him I would arrest him for being concerned with three other men in knocking a man down and robbing him. He said, "What did I dot?" In the station he said, "Is this justice?" I found on him 6d. in silver and 5d. in bronze.</p>
<p>Prisoner's statement before the magistrate: I went into the public-house to get a glass of ale, when the policeman took me out and charged me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-39" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-39" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-39" type="surname" value="FINDLAY"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-39" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN FINDLAY</persName> </hi>, recalled. Prisoner was put up for identification by Malden at the station on the same night. (Witness now made a correction.) Prisoner was recognised by the witnesses there and then. I could not say that Malden identified prisoner from among others. When Malden identified him prisoner was in the charge room waiting to be charged.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260009"/>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-40" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-40" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-40" type="surname" value="COUGHLIN"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-40" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD COUGHLIN</persName> </hi>(prisoner, not on oath). I went into the "Pelican" to have a glass of ale, and was not there one minute when my attention, was called by the barmaid to the policeman, who, she said, was calling me. I looked out, and when I came out he said, "I am going to charge you." I said, "What for? What have I done?" He says, "You have robbed a man down in the street." I was taken to the station, and two other fellows went with me. We sat on a form, and the inspector says, "Do yon know these men?" Beechey said, "I know that one there and I know that one with the bowler hat." The other two chaps were let free and I was charged.</p>
<p>Detective
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-41" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-41" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-41" type="surname" value="BOREHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-41" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT BOREHAM</persName>, H</hi>. Division (called by the Court). When I went into the station, about 10 P.m., prisoner was in the charge room with the three witnesses, Maiden, Edwards and Beechey. There were two other men in charge in the passage. They were given into custody by a woman, but it was proved beyond doubt that they were innocent. The inspector heard what. the three witnesses had to say, and then prisoner was charged. There was no putting up for identification.</p>
<p>The Recorder said that it would have been more satisfactory if prisoner had been put up for identification by Malden in the usual way.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080526-6-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-6-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-6-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080526-7">
<interp inst="t19080526-7" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080526"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-7" type="date" value="19080526"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080526-7-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-7-19080526 t19080526-7-offence-1 t19080526-7-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080526-7-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-7-19080526 t19080526-7-offence-1 t19080526-7-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-7-19080526" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-7-19080526" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19080526" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19080526" type="surname" value="BURRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19080526" type="given" value="TIMOTHY"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19080526" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BURRY</hi>, Timothy (19, labourer)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-7-19080526" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-7-19080526" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-7-19080526" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def2-7-19080526" type="surname" value="BRADY"/>
<interp inst="def2-7-19080526" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def2-7-19080526" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BRADY</hi>, John (20, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19080526-7-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-7-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-7-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>; both robbery with violence upon
<persName id="t19080526-name-44" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-44" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-44" type="surname" value="NEEDHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-44" type="given" value="WILLIS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080526-7-offence-1 t19080526-name-44"/>Willis Needham</persName>, and stealing from him two knives and one tobacco box, and the sum of 4s. 6d., his goods and moneys.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-45" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-45" type="surname" value="NEEDHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-45" type="given" value="WILLIS"/>WILLIS NEEDHAM</persName> </hi>, Chapeltown, near Sheffield. On April 25 I came up to London. I had some drink that day, and at about midnight I was in Whitechapel. I talked to a female and walked with, her some distance. I do not know the names of the streets. Then three chaps came up behind me. The prisoners are two of the men. One slipped his hand in my pocket and I put my hand on his wrist. I do not know what the other did; he ran away. I called for the police, and as soon as I did that they yapped away from me. I found that, 4s. 6d., some tobacco, tobacco box, and two pocket-knives had been taken. The tobacco box and knives are those produced.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by prisoner Burry. I did not say when the detec
<lb/>tive knocked you down that there was nothing the matter, that I had lost nothing. I did not see you knocked down. When the detective came up, being in plain clothes I thought perhaps he might not be a police officer, so I thought it would be best for me to shift. My friend and I went to the station with them. My friend did not give evidence there.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Brady. I had my arm round the woman's waist. I never saw anybody knocked down.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-46" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-46" type="surname" value="STEVENS"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-46" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN STEVENS</persName> </hi>, 321 H. On April 25 I was on duty in Whitechapel at about midnight. I saw prosecutor and his</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260010"/>
<p>friend with two females. He was not drunk, but under the influence of drink. I saw them pick up the prostitutes just by the "Wheat-sheaf." They went down Commercial Road. I also saw the, pri
<lb/>soners and another man close by, and they followed them down Com mercial Road. When outside the fire station the female with pro
<lb/>secutor was sick, and the prisoners went close up to them and looked round them, then crossed the road. They went on then till they got opposite Backchurch Lane, when prisoners and the other man crossed again. They went on till they got to Fairclough Street, and prisoners went quietly behind prosecutor. Then Brady and the man who got away got hold of Needham from behind, and I saw Burry rifling his trousers pockets. I and Finsong, a private witness, were then on the opposite side of the road. I was in plain clothes. Pro
<lb/>secutor shouted out for help and police, and we ran over. Prisoners and the other man attempted to run away; Burry and the other man went towards Commercial Road, while Brady went another way, followed by Finsong. I hit Burry down as he was passing me and made a grab at the other man, but missed. Burry fell on the pavement, and at he was rising we both went to the ground together. As his right hand slid along the pavement, which was wet. he released the tobacco-box and half a crown. I picked the latter up and said, "Is this yours?" He said "No," and he also said that the tobacco box did not belong to him. A short time after
<lb/>wards Brady was brought back by Finsong and a constable. We then all went to the station. At the station Brady said, "Ah well, it is our luck, we must put up with it. I ran for something." When I arrested Burry on the footway he said, "All right, I know who you are, it is a fair cop, I will give in." At the station the prosecutor identified the tobacco box and tobacco.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Burry. Prosecutor was about five or six yards from where I knocked you down. The scuffle did not last a minute hardly. I did not put the prosecutor up to say what he has. Prose
<lb/>cutor did say when I came up that there was nothing the matter and he had lost nothing. (To the Judge.) I should not have charged prosecutor with being drunk. (To Prisoner.) At the police court prosecutor said that he did not know who put their hands in his pockets, but he knew it was not the woman.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Brady. The reason prosecutor gave for saying to me that there was nothing the matter was that he thought I might be one of your pals. You were brought along after I went with Burry. I believe there was a uniformed man with you. There were two in the end.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-47" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-47" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-47" type="surname" value="FINSONG"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-47" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY FINSONG</persName> </hi>, 66, Clark Street, cabinet maker. On April 25, about midnight, I was outside the "Wheatsheaf" talking to the last witness, when I saw both prisoners and another man, also Needham and his friend, with two females. (Witness corroborated Stevens as to what happened.) I was hiding in a doorway opposite when the affair occurred. I called out "All right, there is a policeman here," in response to prosecutor's cry of "Police!" I ran after Brady, blowing my whistle. A policeman stopped him at Backchurch Lane.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260011"/>
<p>I then found Burry in the custody of Stevens and they were taken to the station. Prosecutor was not drunk, but he had had enough.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Burry. I was about 12 yards away, right op
<lb/>posite you, when the affair happened. I was in front of you in Com
<lb/>mercial Road, and in Berner Street I was behind you. I might have said to Stevens, "Where, is the 'pros'?" I asked prosecutor what he had lost. He said, "I have lost my bacca and some silver." Police officers came up from Commercial Road when they heard the whistle blow. When we got to the station the Inspector sent me and the other witnesses out of the charge room. I do not know what pro
<lb/>secutor said to the Inspector.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Brady. I was the first one to come across the road to you. Stevens was close behind me. The women stood at the corner of Fairelough Street; they were dumbfounded. Stevens said nothing about "Go for him." I only had my whistle in my hand. You tried to dodge the constable when he caught you.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-48" type="surname" value="BURRY"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-48" type="given" value="TIMOTHY"/>TIMOTHY BURRY</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath). On this night I was walk
<lb/>ing towards home through Berner Street, when all of a sudden I was knocked down, and a man says, "Come on, get up." I said, "What is the matter?" He says, "All right, you will do," and picked me up, taking me to Commercial Road, where he said to prosecutor, "Have you lost anything?" Prosecutor says, "No, I have lost nothing." When we were taken to the station he said, "I have lost nothing; what am I here for?" Stevens says, "Oh, it's all right, you will see." When charged at Arbour Square the magistrate asked prosecutor, "Can you identify the man that put his hand in your pocket?" He said, "No." What Stevens says about the scuffle is a lot of lies.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-49" type="surname" value="BRADY"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-49" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN BRADY</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath). On a Saturday night I was walking along Aldgate. I had just left a friend and was going towards home when I met this man whom I know. He was talking to another man outside the "Wheatsheaf." We walked towards Com
<lb/>mercial Road and towards the fire station. When there we saw pro
<lb/>secutor and a friend with two women. Prosecutor was very drunk and we were all looking at him. They walked along and we never took any more notice of them. Afterwards we walked past them. I saw a half-crown dropped on the ground, which Burry picked up, and as soon as he did so he was knocked over by someone. Then prosecutor and the others ran away, and the witness Finsong rushed at me with something. I ran off, and then I was stopped by a con
<lb/>stable. First of all prosecutor said he had lost nothing; then at the station that somebody came behind him and put his hand in his trousers pocket, and took out some pieces of silver; then he said it was his 'bacca pouch and two knives.</p>
<p>Verdict: Both,
<rs id="t19080526-7-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-7-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-7-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty.</rs> Brady confessed to a previous conviction on November 20, 1906. Other convictions were proved against both men.</p>
<p>Sentences:
<rs id="t19080526-7-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-7-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-7-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-7-19080526 t19080526-7-punishment-4"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-7-19080526 t19080526-7-punishment-4"/>Each prisoner, 20 months' hard labour.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260012"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Tuesday, May 26.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080526-8">
<interp inst="t19080526-8" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080526"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-8" type="date" value="19080526"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080526-8-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-8-19080526 t19080526-8-offence-1 t19080526-8-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-8-19080526" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-8-19080526" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19080526" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19080526" type="surname" value="O'ROURKE"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19080526" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19080526" type="occupation" value="tailor"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">O'ROURKE</hi>, Henry (34, tailor)</persName>
<rs id="t19080526-8-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-8-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-8-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>; unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin, well knowing the same to be counterfeit.</rs> Mr. Sands prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-51" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-51" type="surname" value="GOWER"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-51" type="given" value="FANNY"/>FANNY GOWER</persName> </hi>. I am the daughter of Frank Leveson Gower, who keeps the "Duke of Wellington" Hotel at Hounslow. On Monday, May 11, about noon, prisoner entered the bar rather hurriedly and asked for a glass of stout and mild, the price of which is 11/2 d., and he tendered in payment what appeared to be a five-shilling piece. My father was coming into the bar at the time and I handed it to him. My father first cut the edge with a knife and then broke the coin in the tester. He asked prisoner where he got it, and prisoner replied that he got it at Hurst Park. My father then asked him if he had any pals outside. Prisoner put twopence on the counter to pay for his drink and turned to leave the bar, but my father had him de
<lb/>tained by calling to a customer in the bar to bolt the door. I then went for a constable, to whom my father gave the five-shilling piece.
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-52" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-52" type="surname" value="GOWER"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-52" type="given" value="FRANK LEVESON"/>FRANK LEVESON GOWER</persName> </hi>. I asked prisoner where he got the five-shilling piece from, and he said, "From Hurst Park Races on Satur
<lb/>day." I held it in front of him, and asked if he had any more of them. He put out his hand for it, but I said, "No." He mentioned the name of a bookmaker I did not recognise. It was some such name as Poluski Brothers. I said to him, "Where is your pal?" He answered, "I do not know what you mean. You are asking a saucy question." I said, "I do not think so. When you come with these games you never come single-handed." He then said, "You have made a mistake this time, governor. I am going to North Hyde Schools. I used to be there at school myself and I am going to see "—I would not be certain whether he said "my nephew" or "my cousin." I said, "Why do you come this way if you are going to North Hyde Schools?" He said, "I suppose I can go which way I like." Hounslow is not on the way from London to North Hyde Schools. I turned round then, put the coin in the tester, and broke it. He said, "Is that the way you test your coins?" I said "Yes." He said, "It wants a tidy one to stand that." I said, "It appears yours won't." He said, "I will pay for what I have had," and put down 2d. He finished his drink and turned towards the door. I called out to a man in the bar to bolt the door.</p>
<p>Prisoner, asked if he wished to put any question to the witness, denied that he said he got the coin from a bookmaker, but from a bookstall, and, with regard to his going to North Hyde School, said he had two nephews there, but not having been there for twenty years, he had forgotten the way.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-53" type="surname" value="FLYNN"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-53" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>PATRICK FLYNN</persName> </hi>, 219, T, stated that he searched prisoner and found on him £1/2 d. Prisoner said to him, "You are exceeding your duty. The police in London do not search us for this." After I had finished searching him he said, "You are satis
<lb/>fied</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260013"/>
<p>now. Let me go away." On the way to the station he said he bought two papers at a bookstall in Hurst Park, tendering half a sovereign, and must have got the five-shilling piece in change. He gave the name of O'Rourke, with an address at Rowton House, Field
<lb/>gate Street, Whitechapel.</p>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-54" type="surname" value="HAILSTONE"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-54" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM HAILSTONE</persName> </hi>, T Division, spoke to making inquiries concerning prisoner at Rowton House, Fieldgate Street, where prisoner was unknown. The record book was searched for several weeks, but there was no such name in it.</p>
<p>The following evidence was given with reference to an attempt of prisoner to pass a bad coin on a previous occasion.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-55" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-55" type="surname" value="RICHARDS"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-55" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH RICHARDS</persName> </hi>, assistant to Mr. Jones, dairyman, 98, Shoe Lane, E.C. Prisoner came into the shop at about nine o'clock in the evening of March 17 and asked for three penny scones and tendered a five-shilling piece, which I took to Mr. Jones at the back of the shop. Mr. Jones asked him where he got it from and a policeman was sent for.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-56" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-56" type="given" value="EVANS HOPKINS"/>EVANS HOPKINS JONES</persName> </hi>. When I asked prisoner where he got the five-shilling piece he said, "I got it from where I was working. I changed soms coppers in a public-house in London Wall and got the five-shilling piece in exchange." I sent for the police. I am sure prisoner is the man. I saw him at the Mansion House.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-57" type="surname" value="DODDS"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-57" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR DODDS</persName> </hi>, 200, City. I received prisoner into custody on March 17. He stated that he had been out selling shamrock and had got a lot of coppers which he exchanged at a public-house in London Wall, the name of which he did not know, for the five-shilling piece. He made a similar statement at the station. He was brought before the magistrate at the Mansion House, remanded, and finally discharged.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-58" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-58" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-58" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>, an officer of His Majesty's Mint, said both the coins were counterfeit and not from the same mould. They were very well made, but very much lighter than genuine coin, the differ
<lb/>ence in weight being as much as 100 gr.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080526-8-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-8-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-8-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-59" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-59" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-59" type="surname" value="WHITING"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-59" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS WHITING</persName> </hi>, 917, City, said he was present at the Mansion House on September 10, when prisoner was sentenced to three months' hard labour for larceny from the person (snatching). There were then seven previous convictions against him.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080526-8-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-8-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-8-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-8-19080526 t19080526-8-punishment-5"/>Nine months' imprisonment</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080526-9">
<interp inst="t19080526-9" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080526"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-9" type="date" value="19080526"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080526-9-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-19080526 t19080526-9-offence-1 t19080526-9-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-9-19080526" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-9-19080526" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19080526" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19080526" type="surname" value="HALEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19080526" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19080526" type="occupation" value="agent"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HALEY</hi>, Charles (28, agent)</persName>
<rs id="t19080526-9-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-9-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-9-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>; feloniously making counterfeit coin; possessing counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Sands prosecuted.</p>
<p>Detective-inspector
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-61" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-61" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-61" type="surname" value="BALL"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-61" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED BALL</persName> </hi>, K Division. At eight o'clock on the morning of May 7, accompanied by Detective-inspector Divall and Detective-sergeant Pride, J Division, I went to 17, Tee Street, Poplar. We obtained admission, and in the first floor front bedroom found prisoner in bed with his wife. I said, "Is your name Charles Haley?" He said, "Yes." I said, "We are police officers, and have reason to believe you are making counterfeit coin on these</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260014"/>
<p>premises, and we are going to search the same. You will have to get up." Prisoner said, "You have come too late or too early," and proceeded to get up and dress. He said the room he was then occupying belonged to him, and also two other rooms, a kitchen and a kind of scullery to which access was obtained by passing through the kitchen, all on the same floor. He pointed the rooms out to me. The premises were searched, and in the top of a cupboard in the kitchen was found a bottle, which has unfortunately since been broken, containing nitrate of silver and cyanide of potassium in a liquid state. The bottle is said to have been broken through some
<lb/>one pushing against the officer carrying it. I had previously shown it to Mr. Webster, of the of Mint. There was also found a tin contain
<lb/>ing nitrate of silver and cyanide of potassium in solid form; a bag containing silver sand, a spoon which had evidently been used with burning metal, a knife, two pieces of copper wire, and the revolving shelf in the oven was marked with plaster of Paris where the mould had rested when drying. Sergeant Pride afterwards brought to the station 28 counterfeit two-shilling pieces and 13 half-sovereigns, a ladle containing molten metal, two polishers used for brightening up the metal, two grease rags used for blackening it, a packet of rouge, a piece of sandpaper, two files which had evidently been used with metal, and two pieces of glass used in making the plaster of Paris moulds. I told prisoner that the whole of the things had been found in the room he occupied, and that I should charge him with making and being in the possession of counterfeit coin.</p>
<p>Detective-inspector
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-62" type="surname" value="DIVALL"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-62" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS DIVALL</persName> </hi>, J Division. I told him I was going to search his rooms. He said, "It is no use; you won't find anything here. There is a man comes here to make and he pays me five shillings a time for the use of the rooms, and when he comes my missus and me leave the room." I said, "Who is the man?" He said, "I do not know. I do not know him or where he lives." Then Inspector Ball placed the bottle of cyanide on the table and said, "Who does it belong to?" Prisoner replied, "Him." I told pri
<lb/>soner I would take him to the station pending inquiries, when he said, "you know with your experience they never let you know where they live. I only know him by the name of George. Of course, I saw what he was making but I shut my eyes."</p>
<p>Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-63" type="surname" value="PRIDE"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-63" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE PRIDE</persName> </hi>, J Division. I followed prisoner to the station and then returned to the house to make a further search. In the cupboard I found the ladle of molten metal. The battle was hanging up inside the cupboard, which was rather a dark cupboard. In the dresser drawer I found the two polishers and the two grease rags, the packet of rouge, piece of sandpaper, two files, piece of grease slate, and the two pieces of glass. I then went into the back kitchen, and I saw Sergeant Baker put his hand behind a piece of sheet iron which was fixed to the wall behind the gas-stove and pull out two small packets. He handed them to me and I opened them. One contained 28 counterfeit florins dated 1901 and the other 13 half-sovereigns dated 1902. I took all the property to the station, where it was shown to prisoner.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260015"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-64" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-64" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-64" type="surname" value="HANSEN"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-64" type="given" value="MATILDA"/>MATILDA HANSEN</persName> </hi>, wife of Christian Hansen, 17, Tee Street, Poplar. Prisoner and his wife came to live at my house the last day of August in last year. He took three rooms.</p>
<p>To the Court, at request of prisoner. A man used to come nearly every day to see prisoner, but I did not take notice how long he stayed.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-65" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-65" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-65" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>, an officer of H. M. Mint, said with regard to the half-sovereigns that gilding was the only thing required to make them ready for circulation. With regard to the counterfeit florins, 10 were unfinished, the edges not having been filed nor the coins plated; 14 had been plated, and looked as if they had just left the bath and only required polishing and rubbing off; the other four were ready for uttering. The articles produced by the police were such as were used in the making of counterfeit coin. The solution of nitrate of silver and cyanide of potassium was a plating mixture. The copper wire was used in plating.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080526-9-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-9-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-9-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>, and the jury expressed the opinion that the police were highly deserving of commendation for the way they had acted.</p>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE THOMPSON</hi>, Gravesend Borough Police, proved a conviction in 1906, when prisoner was sentenced to 15 months' hard labour for uttering. At that time he pleaded guilty to a conviction at North London Sessions in December, 1903, for being found in possession of housebreaking implements.</p>
<p>Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">PRIDE</hi> reminded the Court that at the March Sessions his Lordship had before him a man named Crawford, whom he sentenced to 12 months' hard labour, for possessing 24 counterfeit half-crowns (see Volume CXLVIII., page 803). Remarks were then passed as to the excellent make of the coins, and it was through that case that the police had been able to arrest prisoner, who was looked upon as a very expert maker of all kinds of counterfeit coins.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080526-9-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-9-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-9-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-19080526 t19080526-9-punishment-6"/>Five years' penal servitude</rs>.</p>
<p>Mr. Sands asked if his Lordship would endorse the commendation of the jury of the conduct of the police.</p>
<p>The Common Serjeant said it was unnecessary in the case of In
<lb/>spectors Ball and Divall and Sergeant Pride to endorse the commen
<lb/>dation, with which, however, he quite agreed.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE MR</hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUSTICE GRANTHAM</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, May 28.)</p> </div1>
<p>
<persName id="t19080526-name-66">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-66" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-66" type="age" value="77"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-66" type="surname" value="HAMILTON"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-66" type="given" value="MARGARET JANE LOUISE"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-66" type="occupation" value=""/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HAMILTON</hi>, Margaret Jane Louise (77)</persName>, convicted at March Ses
<lb/>sion (see preceding volume, page 925) of perjury, was now brought up and sentenced to 18 months' hard labour.</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080526-11">
<interp inst="t19080526-11" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080526"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-11" type="date" value="19080526"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080526-11-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-19080526 t19080526-11-offence-1 t19080526-11-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-11-19080526" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-11-19080526" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19080526" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19080526" type="surname" value="SIMMONDS"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19080526" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19080526" type="occupation" value="stoker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SIMMONDS</hi>, John (22, stoker)</persName>
<rs id="t19080526-11-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-11-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-11-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>; feloniously wounding
<persName id="t19080526-name-68" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-68" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-68" type="surname" value="SIMMONDS"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-68" type="given" value="ROSINA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080526-11-offence-1 t19080526-name-68"/>Rosina Simmonds</persName> with intent to kill and murder her; a second count charging intent to do her grievously bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. J. Wells Thatcher prosecuted.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260016"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-69" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-69" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-69" type="surname" value="HEFFERON"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-69" type="given" value="ROSINA"/>ROSINA HEFFERON</persName> </hi>. Rosina Simmonds, wife of prisoner, is my daughter. About four o'clock on April 21 I was with her in Colyer's Rents, Southwark. As we left a general shop there prisoner followed up behind us and hit his wife three times on the head with the chopper produced, saying, "You b—mare, I will do you in." He dropped the chopper and ran away.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-70" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-70" type="surname" value="TOMBS"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-70" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK TOMBS</persName> </hi>, a boy of 14, said he heard prisoner call out "Rose" three times; the woman appeared not to hear; then pri soner's face went red, and he went up and hit the woman three or four times on the head with the chopper.</p>
<p>Medical evidence was given to the effect that prisoner's wife had practically recovered from her injuries.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-71" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-71" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-71" type="surname" value="SIMMONDS"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-71" type="given" value="ROSINA"/>ROSINA SIMMONDS</persName> </hi>. On April 21 I was standing in Colyer's Rents talking to two young women. Prisoner came up and asked me for money for drink; I told him he had had enough, and refused him money. I saw my mother going into a shop and I followed her in. As we came out prisoner came behind me and hit me with something; I put my two hands up, and says, "Oh, my God!" I remember nothing else.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. I deny that on the previous Sunday night I accused you of giving me a bad disorder and being the cause of baby's death. I also deny that I have sent letters threatening you and your parent.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-72" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-72" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-72" type="surname" value="FRANCIS"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-72" type="given" value="ESTHER ELLEN"/>ESTHER ELLEN FRANCIS</persName> </hi> said that the witnessed the assault. Pri
<lb/>soner struck his wife three or four times with the chopper, which he pulled out of his pocket.</p>
<p>Inspector
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-73" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-73" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-73" type="surname" value="NICHOLLS"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-73" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED NICHOLLS</persName> </hi>, N Division. On April 21 I saw pri
<lb/>soner detained at Southwark Police Station. I told him I should charge him with the attempted murder of his wife by striking her on the head with a chopper at Colyer's Rents about four o'clock that afternoon. He said "Oh, don't say that, sir; is she hurt very much." After I had cautioned him he said, "Let me go and see my wife; send two policemen with me; I don't care what you do with me afterwards, but let me see my wife and kiss her." I told him that was impossible, as his wife was seriously ill in Guy's Hospital. He was then charged, and immediately fell down in a faint in the dock.</p>
<p>Prisoner's statement before the Magistrate: I am sorry for what I have done. We have not been happy since we have lived at her father's place. I asked her three weeks ago if she should move away; she said no. Last Sunday fortnight she came in drunk and was sick in a pail; she accused me of bringing a bad disorder and causing my child's death. It so upset me I went on the drink. On Monday I went to work till 10.30 and came over bad. I went and told her and she did not believe me, and said I had got the sack. I sent her round for herself. I asked her to make me some bread and milk; she said, "Make it yourself." I went and had more beer, and came home in the afternoon and found my door locked. I went into the yard and could not find her. I found the chopper, and put it in my pocket to frighten her. I went to Colyer's Rents and met my wife and called to her, and got no answer. I went up, and being</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260017"/>
<p>drunk. I lost my temper and struck her on the head with the chopper. I am sorry for what I have done, and hope you will forgive me.</p>
<p>Prisoner was called on, and said he had nothing further to say.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080526-11-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-11-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-11-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>Guilty of feloniously wounding, with intent to do grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080526-11-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-11-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-11-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-19080526 t19080526-11-punishment-7"/>Twelve months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080526-12">
<interp inst="t19080526-12" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080526"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-12" type="date" value="19080526"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080526-12-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-19080526 t19080526-12-offence-1 t19080526-12-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-12-19080526" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-12-19080526" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19080526" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19080526" type="surname" value="MCCARTHY"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19080526" type="given" value="CORNELIUS"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19080526" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">McCARTHY</hi>, Cornelius (23, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19080526-12-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-12-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-12-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>, indicted and charged on coroner's inquisition with the manslaughter of
<persName id="t19080526-name-75" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-75" type="surname" value="WHITEHEAD"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-75" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080526-12-offence-1 t19080526-name-75"/>Arthur Whitehead</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Joseph Ricardo prosecuted; Mr. G.L. Hardy defended.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-76" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-76" type="surname" value="WHITEHEAD"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-76" type="given" value="JULIA"/>JULIA WHITEHEAD</persName> </hi>. About 10 past 11 at night on May 3 I (with a baby in my arms) was walking with my husband, Arthur White-head, along Staple Street, Bermondsey. Just at Pinks's gateway, prisoner was reducing himself in the road, towards me, though there was a little recess there, and he might have turned the other way. My husband said to him, "Have a little bit of sense, old man." Pri
<lb/>soner said, "What's the master with you?" My husband said, "Have a bit of common sense." Upon that prisoner struck a blow at my husband right over my shoulder, as my husband was at the back of me. My husband fell to the ground and never spoke again. At the time there was nobody at all about.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. It is not true that prisoner was fastening his trousers when I first saw him. There was no quarrel between him and my husband. The latter did not call prisoner a rotten bastard; prisoner did not reply, "If you call me that name again I will punch you"; my husband did not repeat it and go up to prisoner as if to strike him. After my husband fell to the ground and became un
<lb/>conscious, prisoner said he was sorry for what he had done, and assisted in trying to revive him. I am quite certain there were I no loud words spoken between the two men.</p>
<p>Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-77" type="surname" value="WATERMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-77" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WATERMAN</persName> </hi>, 42 V, produced and proved a plan of Staple Street, showing the recess, etc.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-78" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-78" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-78" type="surname" value="PARSONS"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-78" type="given" value="CATHERINE ELLEN"/>CATHERINE ELLEN PARSONS</persName> </hi>. On May 3, between 10 and quarter past 11 p.m., I was standing at the door of my house. 18, Staple Street, and saw the man fall. The only people in the street at the time were prisoner, the deceased man, and his wife.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not see the blow struck; I was taking no particular notice of anything.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-79" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-79" type="surname" value="SQUIRES"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-79" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED SQUIRES</persName> </hi>. 68 M. On this night as I was turning into Staple Street I saw prisoner deliver a blow which hit the deceased in the face near the left ear. Mrs. Whitehead was stand
<lb/>ing between the two men. I saw no one else in the street. I ran after prisoner and brought him back to where deceased was lying on the footway. Prisoner had been drinking, but was sober. He assisted me in trying to revive Whitehead.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. As I was turning into Staple Street I heard shouting of a quarrelsome nature, angry men's voice. The pavement there is of a slippery nature, and there is a rather slight slant at this spot. Prisoner did not run away; he walked about 15 yards</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260018"/>
<p>before I got to him; he at once came back with me and did his best to assist. This is a bad neighbourhood, especially at night. Mrs. Whitehead made no statement to me about prisoner having ex
<lb/>posed his person.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-80" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-80" type="surname" value="LUCAS"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-80" type="given" value="CHRISTOPHER"/>CHRISTOPHER LUCAS</persName> </hi>, 4 M. I was informed that a man had been assaulted in Staple Street, and on going there I saw Whitehead lying on the ground on his back; prisoner was there, detained by last witness. Mrs. Whitehead made this statement to me, in prisoner's hearing: "Me and my husband were walking down Staple Street, when this man was exposing himself; my husband said to him, 'You might have a bit of sense, old man'; when he said, 'What's the matter with you?' and struck my husband, and he fell down." Prisoner said nothing.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t19080526-name-81" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-81" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>Dr. G. F.
<hi rend="smallCaps">STUBBING</hi> </persName>, of Guy's Hospital. Arthur Whitehead was brought to the hospital at 11.50 p.m. on May 3; he was then dead. On making a post mortem examination I came to the conclusion that he died from concussion of the brain caused by a violent blow on his head. There was a bruise on the left side of the back of the head; any blow might have produced that. I should say the con
<lb/>cussion of the brain was probably caused by the blow on the pave
<lb/>cussion cussion The bruise was a round one, 11/2 in. across; one would hardly expect a fist to leave a mark like that.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. There was no mark by the ear. It is possible that the injury was caused by the man's head striking the pave
<lb/>ment; I cannot say more than that; the injury was consistent with either that or the original blow.</p>
<p>Detective Inspector
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-82" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-82" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-82" type="surname" value="NICHOLLS"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-82" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED NICHOLLS</persName> </hi>, M Division. At 1 a.m. on May 4 I saw prisoner at the police station. I told him he would be charged with the murder of Arthur Whitehead about 11.15 p.m. on May 3, at Staple Street, by striking him in the face. He said, "Good God; you don't say so; is he dead." I cautioned him, and he said, "His wife got her fingers in my face and he struck at me and missed me, and I hit him and he fell." On the charge being read to him, he said "Good God; you don't say so."</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have made inquiries about prisoner. He is 23 years of age, and married. He is an engineer, and has been em
<lb/>ployed in one firm since he left school. I have learned nothing what
<lb/>ever against his character. This is, generally speaking, a rather rowdy neighbourhood, especially at night.</p>
<p>Prisoner's statement before the Magistrate: "...On May 3, about 11 p.m., I went through Staple Street; I was quite sober. Near Pinks's I was taken short; I looked up and down, and seeing nobody, I made water. After I had adjusted my trousers a woman accused me of flashing my person. I denied it. The husband called me a rotten bastard, and I said I would punch his nose if he repeated it. He repeated it, and struck at me; the woman was next him; I made a hit at him; the woman was then between us, and when I hit him he fell and struck some part of his head. I struck him in the front, and when he fell I walked away. A constable caught hold of me. I went back with him and saw the man on the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260019"/>
<p>ground, and tried to revive him. The woman said her husband was dead. The ambulance came, and he was taken to the hospital and I to the station. Inspector Nicholls afterwards told me the man was dead. Deceased struck at me first, and I then struck him over his wife's shoulder.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have said all I remember. The wife put her finger in my face. She was carrying a baby. I have no doubt I hit deceased. It was dark. I did not know what sort of man it was. I had not time to speak to Squires. I saw Sergeant Lucas come up. What he says the woman said is true, and I made no reply."</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-83" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-83" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-83" type="surname" value="MCCARTHY"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-83" type="given" value="CORNELIUS"/>CORNELIUS MCCARTHY</persName> </hi> (prisoner on oath) repeated the substance of of his statement before the Magistrate, and added: When I walked away after striking the blow I had no idea the man was dead; even when I was taken to the station I thought the charge would be one of common assault.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The reason that I did not mention to Lucas that deceased had called me a rotten bastard was that I was looking after deceased; me and Squires were trying to assist him to get up. When I said at the police court "What Lucas says the woman said is true," I meant that his account of what she said was correct, not that her story itself was true.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080526-12-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-12-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-12-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>Guilty, with a strong recommendation to mercy.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080526-12-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-12-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-12-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-19080526 t19080526-12-punishment-8"/>Three days' imprisonment (entitling to immediate release).</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080526-13">
<interp inst="t19080526-13" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080526"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-13" type="date" value="19080526"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080526-13-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-19080526 t19080526-13-offence-1 t19080526-13-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-13-19080526" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-13-19080526" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19080526" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19080526" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19080526" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19080526" type="occupation" value="conductor"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHNSON</hi>, William (29, conductor)</persName>
<rs id="t19080526-13-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-13-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-13-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>, carnally knowing
<persName id="t19080526-name-85" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-85" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-85" type="surname" value="ABBOTT"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-85" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080526-13-offence-1 t19080526-name-85"/>Annie Abbott</persName>, a girl under the age of 13 years.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Clarke Hall and Mr. C.W. Lilley prosecuted.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080526-13-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-13-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-13-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080526-14">
<interp inst="t19080526-14" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080526"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-14" type="date" value="19080526"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080526-14-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-19080526 t19080526-14-offence-1 t19080526-14-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-14-19080526" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-14-19080526" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19080526" type="age" value="54"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19080526" type="surname" value="BURTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19080526" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19080526" type="occupation" value="painter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BURTON</hi>, Alfred (54, painter)</persName>
<rs id="t19080526-14-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-14-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-14-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>, indicted for carnally knowing
<persName id="t19080526-name-87" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-87" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-87" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-87" type="given" value="JESSIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080526-14-offence-1 t19080526-name-87"/>Jessie Jones</persName>, a girl under the age of thirteen years,</rs>
<rs id="t19080526-14-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-14-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-14-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>pleaded guilty to indecent assault.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Clarke Hall prosecuted; Mr. Hinde appeared for prisoner.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080526-14-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-14-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-14-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-19080526 t19080526-14-punishment-9"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080526-15">
<interp inst="t19080526-15" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080526"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-15" type="date" value="19080526"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080526-15-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19080526 t19080526-15-offence-1 t19080526-15-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-15-19080526" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-15-19080526" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19080526" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19080526" type="surname" value="NEWTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19080526" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19080526" type="occupation" value="packer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEWTON</hi>, Charles (30, packer)</persName>
<rs id="t19080526-15-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-15-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-15-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>; carnally knowing
<persName id="t19080526-name-89" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-89" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-89" type="surname" value="NEWTON"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-89" type="given" value="VIOLET"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080526-15-offence-1 t19080526-name-89"/>Violet Newton</persName>, a girl under the age of 13 years.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Clarke Hall prosecuted.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080526-15-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-15-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-15-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080526-15-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-15-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-15-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19080526 t19080526-15-punishment-10"/>Five years' penal servitude</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080526-16">
<interp inst="t19080526-16" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080526"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-16" type="date" value="19080526"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080526-16-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-19080526 t19080526-16-offence-1 t19080526-16-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-16-19080526" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-16-19080526" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19080526" type="age" value="15"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19080526" type="surname" value="STOREY"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19080526" type="given" value="HENRY THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19080526" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">STOREY</hi>, Henry Thomas (15, labourer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080526-16-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-16-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-16-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> to
<rs id="t19080526-16-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-16-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-16-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>car
<lb/>nally knowing
<persName id="t19080526-name-91" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-91" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-91" type="surname" value="STOREY"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-91" type="given" value="SARAH MINNIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080526-16-offence-1 t19080526-name-91"/>Sarah Minnie Storey</persName>, a girl under the age of 13 years.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Clarke Hall prosecuted.</p>
<p>Mr. Justice Grantham, after hearing the facts, ordered prisoner to receive 20 strokes with the birch.</p>
<p>On the following morning (May 29) Mr. Justice Grantham said that this was a horrible crime, and he felt that the proper punishment</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260020"/>
<p>was to order prisoner to be whipped. That was his opinion yesterday, and he believed now that that would be the best punishment. But it became necessary to look into the way in which it could be carried out, and he was sorry to say that he found in the new Criminal Appeal Act what evidently was a "casus omissus." By the Criminal Law Amendment Act, 1885, he had power to give an alternative punishment in the case of a person charged with an offence against a girl under the age of 13—the offender might be sent to penal servitude for life or for any term of penal servitude or imprisonment that the Judge liked to order for so serious a crime, or if the person charged was under the age of 16 he might be sentenced as he intended the prisoner to be sentenced yesterday But it was an alternative punishment and there was no power to give him (Storey) any term of imprisonment besides. In the Criminal Appeal Act there was a section which said that in the case of a person being sentenced to death or to corporal punishment the sentence was not to be carried out during the period within which it was open to appeal. In those circumstances the sentence could not be carried out until the ex
<lb/>piration of so many days. What was to be done during those days? He could not find out that after the expiration of this Session he had any power to keep the prisoner in prison. There were technical ways in which he might have got over the difficulty, but he declined to be a party to any technical methods of inflicting corporal punish
<lb/>ment. Consequently he proposed to change the sentence. He could not give him corporal punishment and any term of imprisonment, and therefore he must send him to prison for a very considerable time. He had discussed the matter with the Court missionary, Mr. Scott-France—a most useful assistant in the administration of justice—and another difficulty presented itself. He (the Judge's) idea was to send the prisoner to a prison where he would be treated under the Borstal system, where he would be taught a trade and kept away from other prisoners; but then he met with this difficulty. Prisoner was only 15 years of age, and although he would have thought that the Borstal system was for the benefit of all young prisoners, it appeared that the age was 16—there was only provision for prisoners between the ages of 16 and 21. Therefore this prisoner could not be sent to any prison in which he would be specially treated as he would be there. His lordship was, however, glad to know that at Wormwood Scrubs they had a most admirable system of dealing with young prisoners, and he thought he was able to get out of the difficulty by doing what he now proposed to do. It might be said, of course, that he could send him to a reformatory, and he would not be so cruel as to send a boy with his antecedents to a reformatory, where he might leaven the mass. He thought it would be cruel in the extremity for a Judge to send a boy like him to a reformatory, where he would be thrown into contact with a lot of other boys.
<rs id="t19080526-16-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-16-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-16-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-19080526 t19080526-16-punishment-11"/>Therefore he proposed to sentence prisoner to be im
<lb/>prisoned for 18 months with hard labour.</rs> He had no power to give any further directions, but he knew that prisoner would be taught a trade at Wormwood Scrubs, and would be thoroughly well looked</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260021"/>
<p>after, and at the end of the 18 months he would come out with every opportunity of leading a good, a holy, and a pure life.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RECORDER</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, May 28.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080526-17">
<interp inst="t19080526-17" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080526"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-17" type="date" value="19080526"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080526-17-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-19080526 t19080526-17-offence-1 t19080526-17-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-17-19080526" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-17-19080526" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19080526" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19080526" type="surname" value="MCKENZIE"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19080526" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19080526" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">McKENZIE</hi>, John (40, labourer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080526-17-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-17-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-17-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> to
<rs id="t19080526-17-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-17-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-17-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>stealing five books, the goods of
<persName id="t19080526-name-93" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-93" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-93" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080526-17-offence-1 t19080526-name-93"/>Edward Taylor</persName> and another.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. A.F.G. Henderson prosecuted.</p>
<p>Prisoner confessed to having been convicted at Mansion House on October 10, 1906. Several short sentences of larceny were proved.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080526-17-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-17-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-17-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-19080526 t19080526-17-punishment-12"/>Eighteen months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080526-18">
<interp inst="t19080526-18" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080526"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-18" type="date" value="19080526"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080526-18-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-19080526 t19080526-18-offence-1 t19080526-18-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-18-19080526" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-18-19080526" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19080526" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19080526" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19080526" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19080526" type="occupation" value="engineer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHNSON</hi>, Edward (25, engineer)</persName>
<rs id="t19080526-18-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-18-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-18-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>; stealing six Bank of England notes of the value of £5 each, and one sovereign in money; the goods and moneys of
<persName id="t19080526-name-95" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-95" type="surname" value="JIPKINS"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-95" type="given" value="CHARLES EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080526-18-offence-1 t19080526-name-95"/>Charles Edward Jipkins</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. J.P. Grain prosecuted; Mr. Keith Frith defended.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t19080526-18-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-18-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-18-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>Prisoner pleaded guilty of having conspired with other persons by false pretences and subtle devices to obtain the said moneys.</rs> He was stated to have been associated for the past three months with a gang of cardsharpers.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080526-18-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-18-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-18-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-19080526 t19080526-18-punishment-13"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080526-19">
<interp inst="t19080526-19" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080526"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-19" type="date" value="19080526"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080526-19-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-19-19080526 t19080526-19-offence-1 t19080526-19-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-19-19080526" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-19-19080526" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19080526" type="surname" value="DINES"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19080526" type="given" value="SOLOMON"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DINES</hi>, Solomon</persName>,
<rs id="t19080526-19-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-19-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-19-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> to,
<rs id="t19080526-19-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-19-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-19-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>on
<rs id="t19080526-cd-1" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080526-19-offence-1 t19080526-cd-1"/>July 9, 1881</rs>, feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19080526-name-97" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-97" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-97" type="surname" value="BUTLER"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-97" type="given" value="MARIA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080526-19-offence-1 t19080526-name-97"/>Maria Butler</persName>, his wife being then alive; on
<rs id="t19080526-cd-2" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080526-19-offence-1 t19080526-cd-2"/>May 25, 1885</rs>, feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19080526-name-98" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-98" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-98" type="surname" value="BAREHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-98" type="given" value="CLARA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080526-19-offence-1 t19080526-name-98"/>Clara Bareham</persName>, his wife being then alive.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Vesey Fitzgerald prosecuted.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080526-19-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-19-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-19-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-19-19080526 t19080526-19-punishment-14"/>Three days' imprisonment</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080526-20">
<interp inst="t19080526-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080526"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-20" type="date" value="19080526"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080526-20-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-19080526 t19080526-20-offence-1 t19080526-20-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-20-19080526" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-20-19080526" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19080526" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19080526" type="surname" value="MORRIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19080526" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19080526" type="occupation" value="plasterer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MORRIS</hi>, James (31, plasterer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080526-20-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-20-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-20-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> to
<rs id="t19080526-20-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-20-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-20-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>feloniously mar
<lb/>rying
<persName id="t19080526-name-100" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-100" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-100" type="surname" value="AARONS"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-100" type="given" value="PAULINE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080526-20-offence-1 t19080526-name-100"/>Pauline Aarons</persName>, his wife being then alive.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080526-20-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-20-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-20-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-19080526 t19080526-20-punishment-15"/>Three days' imprisonment</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080526-21">
<interp inst="t19080526-21" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080526"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-21" type="date" value="19080526"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080526-21-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-19080526 t19080526-21-offence-1 t19080526-21-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-21-19080526" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-21-19080526" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19080526" type="age" value="53"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19080526" type="surname" value="HUNT"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19080526" type="given" value="FREDERICK CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19080526" type="occupation" value="storekeeper"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HUNT</hi>, Frederick Charles (53, storekeeper)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080526-21-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-21-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-21-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> to
<rs id="t19080526-21-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-21-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-21-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>felo
<lb/>niously marrying
<persName id="t19080526-name-102" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-102" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-102" type="surname" value="HOLLOWAY"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-102" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080526-21-offence-1 t19080526-name-102"/>Eliza Holloway</persName>, his wife being then alive.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080526-21-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-21-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-21-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-19080526 t19080526-21-punishment-16"/>Three days' imprisonment</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080526-22">
<interp inst="t19080526-22" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080526"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-22" type="date" value="19080526"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080526-22-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-19080526 t19080526-22-offence-1 t19080526-22-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080526-22-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-22-19080526 t19080526-22-offence-1 t19080526-22-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-22-19080526" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-22-19080526" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19080526" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19080526" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19080526" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19080526" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHNSON</hi>, George (24, labourer)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-22-19080526" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-22-19080526" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-22-19080526" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def2-22-19080526" type="surname" value="ARNOLD"/>
<interp inst="def2-22-19080526" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<interp inst="def2-22-19080526" type="occupation" value="waiter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARNOLD</hi>, Albert (26, waiter)</persName>
<rs id="t19080526-22-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-22-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-22-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, stealing one parcel containing 500 cigars, the property of the
<persName id="t19080526-name-105" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-105" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080526-22-offence-1 t19080526-name-105"/>Great Western Railway Company</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. J.P. Grain prosecuted; Mr. W.G. Hawtin defended Arnold. Johnson pleaded guilty.</p>
<p>Detective
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-106" type="surname" value="BLYTH"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-106" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK BLYTH</persName> </hi>, City Police. On April 27, 1908, I was on Holborn Viaduct with Detective Trencham. We had been keeping observation on railway vans for several days. On April 27, at 5.30 p.m., looking down into Farringdon Street I saw a Great Western Railway van draw up to a coffee-house, which the driver entered, leaving the van at the corner of Turnagain Lane, in charge of the van boy, who stood at the side of the van on the pavement. I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260022"/>
<p>then saw the two prisoners and another man not in custody hurry from underneath the Viaduct and turn into Farringdon Avenue, opposite where the van was standing. About a minute afterwards all three came out in company and stopped on the footway; the man not in custody walked across the road, passed round the van, and stood in front of the van boy. Johnson climbed on to the offside of the van and took parcel produced from the inside of the van. Arnold was then standing on the footway looking from right to left. John
<lb/>son carrying the parcel, followed by the other man, joined Arnold, and all three walked towards the Viaduct. I ran down the steps leading down to Farringdon Street, and when Johnson saw me he threw down the parcel and ran away. Arnold and the man not in custody ran through Plum Tree Court into Shoe Lane. I blew my whistle and stopped Johnson. I, Trencham, and other officers had been watching from the Viaduct on April 15, 16, 21, 22, 23, and 24.</p>
<p>Held that evidence could not be given of the presence of Arnold with Johnson on other days: although he may have been present on other days,
<hi rend="italic">non constat</hi> that he was prevent on April 27.</p>
<p>Johnson was charged with being concerned with two other men in stealing the parcel. He replied, "There was no two other men." I had not the slightest doubt I saw Arnold on April 27. I recognise him as a man I had seen before on several occasions. On April 29, at 6.15 p.m., I arrested Arnold at King Street, West Smithfield. He was standing with another man named Clark. I told Arnold that I should arrest him for being concerned with a man named Johnson in custody and a man not in custody, in stealing a parcel of cigars from a van in Farringdon Street on the 27th. He said, "What parcel? I know nothing about it." I then took him to the station; the charge was read over—he said, "I know nothing about it."</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The coffee-house is about five to eight yards from the Viaduct—from the foot of the steps—the van was several yards further on. There were not many people about—it was raining fast at the time. The theft took about three minutes from the time they ran towards the van till Johnson returned with the parcel to Arnold. The third man was shielding the boy's view of the van. I do not think I have made any mistake in this case. A man was arrested who answered the description of the third man. I was called to identify him, and saw at once he was not the man I had seen with Johnson and Arnold on April 27. He was apprehended on a descrip
<lb/>tion given by me. I had not found out Arnold's address. I arrested him because I recognised him.</p>
<p>Detective
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-107" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-107" type="surname" value="TRENCHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-107" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES TRENCHAM</persName> </hi>, City Police. I was with Blyth on April 27. I am certain Arnold was the man with Johnson and the other man—I have seen him on several other dates. I saw Arnold with the two other men follow the van down Farringdon Street.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The van was about 50 yards from the Viaduct when the theft was committed—I have not measured it. The van stood near the corner of Turnagain Lane. The three men were follow
<lb/>ing the van—I only saw their backs from the Viaduct—I did not see Arnold's face properly until I came up to Johnson to apprehend him.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260023"/>
<p>I saw his face at a distance at the bottom of Farringdon Avenue and recognised him. Directly they saw us Johnson dropped the parcel and all three ran in different directions.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-108" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-108" type="surname" value="COLLINGWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-108" type="given" value="JHON JAMES"/>JHON JAMES COLLINGWOOD</persName> </hi>, Imperial Tobacco Company, Holborn Viaduct. On April 27 I packed box produced with 500 cigars, value £2 15s., and handed it to another clerk to be sent off by the Great Western Railway to Milford Haven.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-109" type="surname" value="LYONS"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-109" type="given" value="TIMOTHY"/>TIMOTHY LYONS</persName> </hi>, carman, Great Western Eailway. On April 27 I received box produced, put it in my van, drew up in Farringdon Street, and went into a coffee shop, leaving the van in charge of my van guard. When I came out the police spoke to me, and I found the parcel had been taken.</p>
<p>Prisoner's statement before magistrate: "I have never been in Johnson's company, at the time of his arrest or at any other time. I only came from Wales three weeks ago from my last employment. I have a reference."</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-110" type="surname" value="ARNOLD"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-110" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT ARNOLD</persName> </hi>(prisoner, on oath). My correct name is Arnoldi. I live at 3, Vineyard Walk, Farringdon Road, which is about 20 minutes' walk from Holborn Viaduct. On April 27 I left the "Queen's Head" public-house, 23, Great Bath Street, at 5.30 p.m. that is about two minutes' walk from my home. I went straight home and my mother made tea for me. At about 6.20 to 6.30 Mr. Oram, whom I called before the magistrate, called for the rent. I know nothing whatever about this robbery. I know Johnson by sight. I was not with him on the day of the robbery and know nothing about it.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I was not in Johnson's company near the Viaduct on April 15—I have never been in his company whatever. I swear I was not with him on April 16, 21, 22, 23, or 24. I know Clark—he is a betting commission agent. I was with him when arrested on April 29. I have been now and again in his company. I an in the habit of frequently the "Queen's Head" and have seen Johnson there. I came from Abertilly, in Wales, about three weeks before I was arrested—I was employed there in a refreshment bar. I was talking to Clark when I was arrested. I do not know whether Clark is a free man now or where he is. I went to my mother's at 5.30, and was there when Oram came and applied for the rent. My mother did not say had just come in. I was in my shirt sleeves, and had been out all day and was fairly wet. I had been at the "Queen's Head" about an hour before I went home.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t19080526-name-111" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-111" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>Mrs.
<hi rend="smallCaps">ARNOLDI</hi> </persName>, 3, Vineyard Walk, Clerken well, mother of the pri
<lb/>soner. My son lives with me. He was away in the country for about five weeks, and returned about a month before April 27. On that day he came home before five o'clock. He sat down and waited while I got the tea ready, and was having hit fast cup of tea when the land-lord, Mr. Oram, came; that was quarter-past six; he had his coat off. Oram asked for the rent. I said my son had not got any money,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260024"/>
<p>he had got nothing to do yet, that he had not long been home. My son came home just before five.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I said my son was wet and he had been out all day.</p>
<p>Prisoner (recalled). On April 27, at 9 a.m., I went to the Free Library to seek for work, came out at 9.30, and travelled through the City till 12 to try for work, went to the "Queen's Head" for lunch, stayed there till 1.30, went to Highbury at about 3.30, returned to the "Queen's Head" at 4.30, and remained there till 5.30, when I went home, and stayed there till 7 p.m. On April 30 I wrote a letter (produced) to the police authorities, stating what I had been doing on April 27.</p>
<p>(Evidence in rebuttal.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-112" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-112" type="surname" value="ORAM"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-112" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS ORAM</persName> </hi>, 5, Guildford Place, Russell Square, rent collector. I collect the rent of 3, Vineyard Walk, and usually call on Monday. On April 27 I called on Mrs. Arnoldi at about 6.40 p.m. She occu
<lb/>pies one room. I found Mrs. Arnoldi and the prisoner having tea. I asked for the rent, which was 14 weeks owing. Prisoner was seated at the table in his shirt sleeves. Mrs. Arnoldi said, "There is my son✗ he has just come in. He has been out all day and got sopping wet, and I have got nothing for you." I was called by prisoner at the Guildhall and gave evidence on his behalf.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080526-22-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-22-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-22-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>. Johnson confessed to being convicted at Clerken
<lb/>well on December 19, 1905, when he was sentenced to 18 months' hard labour for shop-breaking and stealing boots. In 1904 he had 15 months' hard labour for van-stealing. Arnold had been sentenced to six weeks' hard labour for attempting to pick pockets on April 13, 1901. He was convicted at Guildhall in reference to a robbery committed with Clark, sentence being postponed with reference to the present charge. Both prisoners were stated to be habitual thieves.</p>
<p>Sentence. Johnson,
<rs id="t19080526-22-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-22-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-22-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-19080526 t19080526-22-punishment-17"/>four years' penal servitude;</rs> Arnold,
<rs id="t19080526-22-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-22-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-22-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-19080526 t19080526-22-punishment-18"/>three years' penal servitude.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUDGE RENTOUL</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, May 28.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080526-23">
<interp inst="t19080526-23" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080526"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-23" type="date" value="19080526"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080526-23-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-19080526 t19080526-23-offence-1 t19080526-23-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-23-19080526" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-23-19080526" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19080526" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19080526" type="surname" value="EMMS"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19080526" type="given" value="GEORGE HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19080526" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EMMS</hi>, George Henry (29, labourer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080526-23-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-23-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-23-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> to
<rs id="t19080526-23-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-23-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-23-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>committing an act of gross indecency with another male person.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence:
<rs id="t19080526-23-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-23-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-23-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-19080526 t19080526-23-punishment-19"/>One month's imprisonment in the Second Division.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19080526-24" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080526"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-24" type="date" value="19080526"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080526-24-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-24-19080526 t19080526-24-offence-1 t19080526-24-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080526-24-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-24-19080526 t19080526-24-offence-1 t19080526-24-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-24-19080526" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-24-19080526" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19080526" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19080526" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19080526" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19080526" type="occupation" value="boot finisher"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JONES</hi>, William (21, boot finisher)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-24-19080526" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-24-19080526" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-24-19080526" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def2-24-19080526" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="def2-24-19080526" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<interp inst="def2-24-19080526" type="occupation" value="shoemaker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JONES</hi>, Harry (26, shoe-maker)</persName>, both
<rs id="t19080526-24-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-24-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-24-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>feloniously causing certain grievous bodily harm to
<persName id="t19080526-name-116" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-116" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-116" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080526-24-offence-1 t19080526-name-116"/>William Wood</persName> with intent to commit such bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Travers Humphreys and Mr. Boyd prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-117" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-117" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-117" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WOOD</persName> </hi>, 27, Kipling Street, Bermondsey. I live in the same house with my brother, John Wood, and he lives with a woman</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260025"/>
<p>called Mary Ann Verity. His nickname is "Johnny Carter." I have seen the two prisoners about three times. I knew them before April 25. In the early morning of that day about half-past 12 I was in the Waterloo Road in company with Mary Ann Verity and a little girl where I saw the two prisoners. William and Harry Jones came running up to me and Harry struck me on the cheek, saying, "I will give you f—g 'Johnny Carter.' " I fell to the ground. Both prisoners caught me by the throat and very nearly strangled me. Prisoner Harry said, "Kick him, Billy," and prisoner William kicked me in the mouth, breaking two of my teeth, and about the body. Harry also kicked me on the nose and broke it. They ran away, and I was helped up by the woman Verity. I was on my way home at the time walking towards the Borough Road. In the Borough Road I again saw prisoners, each with an open knife in his hand. I slipped off both my coats for greater case in running, and threw them to the side of the road, and ran towards the "Elephant and Castle." A policeman saw me home. The same day I went to Guy's Hospital and had my injuies attended to. On the night of April 24 prisoners had come to 27, Kipling Street, my brother's place, where they broke the windows, a door, and a quantity of furniture.</p>
<p>A number of questions were put by prisoners with a view to show
<lb/>ing that there had been an occurrence on Easter Monday, when their father's shop was wrecked, but the learned judge pointed out that no previous occurrence would justify the outrage now alleged against prisoners.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-118" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-118" type="surname" value="ANNVERITY"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-118" type="given" value="MARY"/>MARY ANNVERITY</persName> </hi>, 27, Kipling Street, Bermondsey. I am the wife of Henry Verity and now live with John Wood, the brother of William Wood. John Wood goes by the name of "Johnny Carter." I have known the two prisoners since I was a child. There has been bad feeling between them and John Wood and myself. On the night of April 24, about 11 o'clock, the two prisoners came to 27, Kipling Street. I had taken my supper when they knocked at the door, and my little niece Rosie opened it. Billy said, "Is anybody at home?" A man living there replied, "Yes, we are all at home." He ran to the fireplace and got the poker and kept the door shut as well as he could. the lot of them then started beating the door with iron bars and some of my furniture was broken. That was at 11 o'clock on the Friday night. Early on the following (Saturday) morning I was in Waterloo Road with the prosecutor, William Wood, a little girl and another woman. I should think that would be at about half-past one, at all events in the early morning. I was standing talking to the young woman and Billy and the girl was standing on the kerb. I heard Harry Jones say, "Punch him, Billy," and Billy punched prosecutor in the jaw, "knocking him down." When he was down on the ground Harry Jones said to his brother, "Kick him, Billy," and the two of them started kicking him about the body and in the face. I went to pick prosecutor up and prisoners ran away. I then helped him up, and was helping him home along the Borough Road when I saw pri
<lb/>soners running towards him, each with a knife in his hand, and I said to prosecutor, "Run, Billy." Wood accordingly ran away and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260026"/>
<p>prisoner William Jones ran after him. Prisoner Harry Jones turned round to me and said, "I will rip your f—g guts out for this," and I ran home. I next saw Harry Jones on the 28th (the following Tues
<lb/>day) in the Borough Road. He asked me if I was going to give evi
<lb/>dence against his brother Billy. I said I was, and he said, "If you do, I am going to gouge your f—g eye out with this," showing a knife. I ran away and he ran after me till I met a policeman, who arrested him.</p>
<p>To William Jones. You hit prosecutor on the cheek.</p>
<p>To Harry Jones. This assault occurred at the Obelisk. I went there to give you in charge for breaking up my place. Afterwards when the policeman interfered you were holding me by the throat and I screamed, but the policeman would not take you in charge. He was frightened because you are such a terrible lot. Both you and Billy had pieces of iron in your hands. As to why the police did not take you in charge for having murderous weapons in your hands, I do not say the police are a lot of cowards, but you nearly killed one policeman and got nine months for it. (Witness was also cross-examined as to what had taken place on the previous Monday night, when prisoners alleged their father's shop was wrecked.)</p>
<p>
<persName id="t19080526-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-119" type="surname" value="JOYNT"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-119" type="given" value="PERCEVAL"/>Dr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">PERCEVAL JOYNT</hi> </persName>, Guy's Hospital. I saw Wood on Sunday, April 26. He was bleeding from the left side of the nose—the left nostril. The nose itself was a little bit bent over. On feeling the nose it was distinctly felt that it was broken. There was a large num
<lb/>ber of contusions on the right forehead and temple. Two front teeth were broken off. The injuries were recent and such at would be caused by kicks. He did not complain of his body and I did not examine it.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-120" type="surname" value="COOKHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-120" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES COOKHAM</persName> </hi>, 374 L. At 11.50 on the morning of April 28 I was in Waterloo Road and saw the woman Verity run
<lb/>ning away from Harry Jones. I asked him what was wrong and he said, "Nothing." I told him there was a warrant issued for his arrest on a charge of assault. He said, "No, not me, governor. I cannot help what the others did." On searching him I found a knife in his jacket pocket.</p>
<p>To Henry Jones. I did not hear you pass any remark about goug
<lb/>ing the woman's f—g eye out. You seemed to be arguing with her. Going to the station the woman followed tantalising you, and passing remarks about "Jubilee" Jones.</p>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-121" type="surname" value="CORNISH"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-121" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE CORNISH</persName> </hi>, L Division. On April 27 in the afternoon, I arrested prisoner, William Jones, in the London Road, on another charge. I told him the charge. He said, "Has the bleeder come it on him. I wish I had kicked his head off now. If my brother Harry was here we would serve you the same as we served him. We would kick your f—g head off, and if Harry had a knife he would stab you dead. People cannot do as they like with Harry and me." He was quite sober when he said that.</p>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-122" type="surname" value="WOOLLARD"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-122" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR WOOLLARD</persName> </hi>, L Division. I saw prisoner Harry Jones detained in the Kennington Station on 28th of last</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260027"/>
<p>month. I read to him the warrant, charging him with this assault. He said, "I know nothing about it. I was not there. I know I have got a bad name, being one of 'Jubilee' Jones's sons. If we had not done it on him he would have done it on us. I cannot stand that. I like to be first."</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>Mrs.
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-123" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-123" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-123" type="surname" value="GROOVER"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-123" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>ELLEN GROOVER</persName> </hi>, with whom prisoner Harry has been living, stated that she heard the witness Verity threaten prisoners. Verity told witness she was a prostitute and kept Harry Jones, but witness denied that she was, stating that she was a married woman and had her own money.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-124" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-124" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-124" type="given" value="HARRY"/>HARRY JONES</persName> </hi>(prisoner, on oath), denied the assault, and stated that he was not in the neighbourhood at the time.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-125" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-125" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-125" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM JONES</persName> </hi> made a similar statement from the dock.</p>
<p>Verdict:
<rs id="t19080526-24-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-24-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-24-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Both prisoners guilty.</rs> 14 convictions were proved against Harry Jones and eight against William.</p>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">CORNISH</hi> stated that he had known the prisoners about two years, and could say without fear of contradiction that they were the terror of South London and everybody was frightened of them. It was a very bad family, and the father was now in prison.</p>
<p>Sentences: Harry Jones,
<rs id="t19080526-24-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-24-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-24-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-24-19080526 t19080526-24-punishment-20"/>four years' penal servitude;</rs> William,
<rs id="t19080526-24-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-24-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-24-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-24-19080526 t19080526-24-punishment-21"/>21 months.</rs> </p>
<p>Judge Rentoul said he had never seen any record as bad for vio
<lb/>lence and assaults, and referred with satisfaction to the movement on foot to lock up such men for life.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080526-25">
<interp inst="t19080526-25" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080526"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-25" type="date" value="19080526"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080526-25-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-19080526 t19080526-25-offence-2 t19080526-25-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080526-25-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-25-19080526 t19080526-25-offence-1 t19080526-25-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080526-25-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-25-19080526 t19080526-25-offence-1 t19080526-25-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-25-19080526" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-25-19080526" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19080526" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19080526" type="surname" value="MILLWARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19080526" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19080526" type="occupation" value="greengrocer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MILLWARD</hi>, William (28, greengrocer)</persName>;
<persName id="def2-25-19080526" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-25-19080526" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-25-19080526" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def2-25-19080526" type="surname" value="HILDITCH"/>
<interp inst="def2-25-19080526" type="given" value="EDWARD WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def2-25-19080526" type="occupation" value="carman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HILDITCH</hi>, Edward William (32, carman)</persName>; and
<persName id="def3-25-19080526" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-25-19080526" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-25-19080526" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def3-25-19080526" type="surname" value="REEVES"/>
<interp inst="def3-25-19080526" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def3-25-19080526" type="occupation" value="printer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">REEVES</hi>, Thomas (20, printer)</persName>. Hilditch, and Reeves
<rs id="t19080526-25-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-25-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-25-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>breaking and entering a warehouse of the
<persName id="t19080526-name-129" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-129" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080526-25-offence-1 t19080526-name-129"/>Midland Rail
<lb/>way Company</persName> and stealing therein 14 pairs of boots, their property;</rs> Millward
<rs id="t19080526-25-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-25-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-25-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/>receiving 12 pairs of the said boots well knowing them to have been stolen.</rs>
<rs id="t19080526-25-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-25-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-25-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>Hilditch and Reeves pleaded guilty.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Bodkin prosecuted; Mr. Huntly Jenkins defended Millward.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-130" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-130" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-130" type="surname" value="CLARKE"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-130" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE CLARKE</persName> </hi>, office porter at Midland Railway receiving office, 57, Primrose Street, E.C. The office was shut up on the evening of May 8. We then had a large quantity of boots consigned from Messrs. Darnell, to Messrs. Frankland. Next morning when I went to the premises they had been broken open and the boots were miss
<lb/>ing, entrance having apparently been gained through the fanlight.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-131" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-131" type="surname" value="YOUNG"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-131" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN YOUNG</persName> </hi>, in the employ of Messrs. Darnell, boot factors, Kings-land Road, stated that 33 parcels of boots were packed under his superintendence and consigned by the Midland Railway to a cus
<lb/>tomer. Of the 12 pairs of boots in a sack produced he identified 11 as the property of his employers, and their value was £4 7s.</p>
<p>Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-132" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-132" type="surname" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-132" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE BAILEY</persName> </hi>, 10, City. On the early morning of Satur
<lb/>day, May 9, I found that a fanlight over 37, Primrose Street, had been disturbed and entrance to the premises had apparently been gained by that means.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260038"/>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">HANDLEY</hi>, J Division. At about quarter before midnight on the 9th I saw prisoner Hilditch in Cambridge Road. He was wearing a pair of boots which were afterwards identified by a clerk at Darnell's. About one o'clock on the Sunday morning I saw Reeves in bed, and under the bed was a pair of boots which were also identified at the property of the prosecutors. Two hours afterwards, with other officers, I went to a stable occupied by Mill
<lb/>ward, in Redman's Row, Stepney. Prisoner is a greengrocer and uses the stable to stable a donkey. Outside the stable there were several vans. I looked into the stable through the fanlight, and saw a sack hanging to one of the beams. I could not see that there was anything else in the stable. After that I went to Doveton Street, where Millward lives, and sent a message to Millward by another officer. Shortly afterwards Millward came out and a detective fol
<lb/>lowed him, and some little time later Millward returned, having been away about 15 minutes. The distance from Doveton Street to the stable is about a quarter of a mile. By the time he came back to his house I was inside it, and opened the door to him. I told him we were police officers and were making inquiries respecting some boots that were stolen on Friday night or Saturday morning, and I said I had reason to believe that he had been dealing with those boots. He said, "I know nothing about any boots." I told him he would have to accompany me to the stables in Redman's Road, which he did. On the way he said, "A man I know as Reeves asked me if I would buy any boots, and I told him no, I was a greengrocer." He opened the stable door with a key which he took from his trousers pocket, and I observed that the sack which I had previously seen hanging from a beam was gone. I turned to the prisoner and said: "There was a sack hanging to that beam a short time ago." He said, "Handley, I see you are in the 'know.' I put it in the van (point
<lb/>ing to a van outside the stables) when I was here a short time ago. I was a fool to have anything to do with them. Do not be too hard on me, Handley. Get me bail if you can." He was taken to Bishops-gate Police Station and there charged.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. He did get bail—£10, or something very small. To my knowledge there has neven been any charge made against him before. The message I gave the officer to take was not that his place had been broken into. I made it clear to him when I first saw him that I had reason to believe he had been dealing with the boots. After I sent the officer to him he did put the boots off his premises. I was present at the police-court when the other two prisoners were asked if they had anything to say in answer to the charge.</p>
<p>Mr. Bodkin objected to a statement made by somebody other than the prisoner in answer to the statutory caution being given in evidence for this defendant before the jury, on the ground that the person who made that statement if the statement were relevant to this trial, could be called to prove it.</p>
<p>Mr. Huntly Jenkins submitted that anything said in presence of prisoner Millward by a fellow prisoner, whether before or after the statutory caution, was admissible.</p>
<p>Mr. Bodkin. Prisoner says what he has to say in answer to the charge; that is not a statement made in the presence of this prisoner in the sense in which state
<lb/>ments made in the presence of accused persons are given in evidence, because it is</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260039"/>
<p>that which is said in a court of justice, any more than would be what is said in this Court.</p>
<p>Judge Rentoul. He could not contradict it.</p>
<p>Mr. Bodkin. Furthermore, the Court must receive the best evidence of facts and the best evidence of facts comes from the lipe of persons who have sworn to depose to those facts, and not through the ears of a police-constable who may have heard somebody make a statement which involves those facts.</p>
<p>Mr. Huntly Jenkins said in that case what one prisoner said about another could never be given unless that particular person was called. Supposing there should be controversy between some of the prisoners and the police officer who hears what one prisoner says about another, you could not call the police officer nor anybody else who heard that said because he would not be the best witness.</p>
<p>Judge Rentoul said: The rule was that the best evidence should be called. Sup
<lb/>posing one witness was standing thirty yards away and another was standing five yards away, the best evidence would be the witness who was standing five yards away. Where a man could be called, and the only reason for not calling him was to avoid calling a witness for the prisoner, he thought that could not be allowed. The objection must be sustained.</p>
<p>Cross-examination continued. I heard Hilditch make a statement in answer to the statutory caution and also Reeves, and afterwards I heard Millward make a statement on oath in the witness-box.</p>
<p>Re-examined. Nobody had been to the stable when I went to it the first time. Millward opened the door with a key which he took from his pocket.</p>
<p>Detective
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-133" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-133" type="surname" value="CROCKER"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-133" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL CROCKER</persName> </hi>, City. I went with Sergeant Handley to prisoner's stable early on the morning of the 10th and saw a sack hanging up inside. I went afterwards to 14, Doveton Street, where I saw a uniformed constable. After the uniformed constable had gone I saw Millward come out of the house, apparently towards me, but he turned away as if he had seen somebody, and I lost sight of him. I met him again coming away from the stables, which are dis
<lb/>tant, I should say, 120 yards. He went back to No. 14, Doveton Street, and I was there when Handley spoke to him. Afterwards I accompanied Handley and the prisoner back to the stables. I heard him make a statement to the effect that men of the name of Reeves and Hilditch had brought some boots to him and wanted him to buy them. Millward stated also that Reeves slept there sometimes, but was not doing so then. The sack of boots had been thrown inside a van.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-134" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-134" type="surname" value="MILLWARD"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-134" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM MILLWARD</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I am now a greengrocer, but was formerly a boot operator for 12 years with a firm whom I left because they went bankrupt. I started in the greengrocery busi
<lb/>ness finding I could not get employment. I have known Reeves two of three years. I kept a small donkey at the stable in Redmond's Road and I used to allow Reeves to sleep there when he had not got any lodging to save him walking about. On the particular night he wanted to sleep there I used to leave the key on the ledge. On Friday, May 8. about six or seven in the evening he asked me if he could sleep there and I told him I would leave the key where I always leave it. I did not see him on Saturday morning when I took the donkey out, but I did see him in the evening in Doveton Street, between</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260040"/>
<p>seven and eight o'clock when I had finished work. He then said to me, "Will you buy 12 pairs of boots?" I turned to him and said, "I do not buy boots." I did not suppose for a moment he had honestly come by them. He told me they were in a bag hanging to a beam in the stable and I said to him, "Take them away as soon as you can, because I do not want to get into no trouble." In reply to that he said, "All right. I will be back later." At that time the key was was on the ledge, where I had left it on the Saturday morning. I went to my stable between nine and half-past on Saturday evening to put the donkey away, and seeing the boots there I did not remove them as Reeves had said he was going to take them away himself, and I did not want to handle them. The next thing was that I met Hil
<lb/>ditch. I told him about the boots and he said he was waiting for Tom (Reeves) to come back. I asked him if he was going to take the boots away. This was about half-past 10. I went to the corner public-house and stayed till about half-past eleven. No one returned and so I went to bed, and I did not hear any more before Sunday morning, when I was aroused by a police-constable in uniform. He asked if I had a stable in Redman's Row. I said, "Yes." Then he said, "There are constables in possession. Somebody has broken into it." I told him to go to Charles, the landlord, and he went away. I then dressed and went down to the stable. As to the suggestion that I did not go the most direct way I first went to Charles that I sent the constable to. I was told the police were in possession, but when I got there I saw no one whatever. In a fright I took hold of the bag of boots and slung them into a van. I suspected Reeves had not come by them honestly because I knew he had no money, and I did not see which way he could purchase them. I knew he had been in trouble once; that is why I told him to take them away.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not consent to Reeves putting boots which I knew had been stolen on to my premises. Allowing a man to sleep in my stable is not the same as consenting to receive stolen property. When he offered me the boots I suspected they were stolen, but I did not consent to keep them in my stable I saw the sack at nine o'clock on Saturday night, but Reeves had then said he was going to take them away, and so I left them there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-135" type="surname" value="REEVES"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-135" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS REEVES</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath.) I have pleaded guilty to this charge, and have been in trouble before. On the Saturday night after this burglary I saw Millward about half-past seven, and asked him if he would like to buy 12 pairs of boots. He said, "No; I do not deal in anything like that. For God Almighty's sake take them away from my place, as I do not want to get into no trouble. I never had anything like that in my place before, and I don't want anything like it now." I said, "All right. I will come back and take them away later on." I did not turn up, because the police came and arrested be at one o'clock on the Sunday morning. I had slept on these premises on several occasions.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have had to do with the boot line. Knowing Millward to be a greengrocer I offered them to him because I did not know anyone who would buy them. I took the boots to the stable in</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260041"/>
<p>a sack and tied them to a beam before before I offered them to Mill
<lb/>ward. They were there for one day.</p>
<p>Verdict (Millward),
<rs id="t19080526-25-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-25-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-25-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty.</rs> </p>
<p>Two previous convictions were proved against Reeves, who was sentenced to
<rs id="t19080526-25-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-25-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-25-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-25-19080526 t19080526-25-punishment-22"/>four months' hard labour.</rs> Hilditch, against whom nothing is known, was permitted
<rs id="t19080526-25-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-25-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-25-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-25-19080526 t19080526-25-punishment-23"/>to enter into recognisances in the sum of £5 to come up for judgment if called upon.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080526-39">
<interp inst="t19080526-39" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080526"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-39" type="date" value="19080526"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080526-39-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-39-19080526 t19080526-39-offence-1 t19080526-39-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-39-19080526" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-39-19080526" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19080526" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19080526" type="surname" value="CANN"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19080526" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19080526" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CANN</hi>, James (18, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19080526-39-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-39-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-39-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, feloniously shooting at
<persName id="t19080526-name-137" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-137" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-137" type="surname" value="CANN"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-137" type="given" value="LOUISA CLARA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080526-39-offence-1 t19080526-name-137"/>Louisa Clara Cann</persName> with intent to do her some grievous bodily harm; maliciously wounding
<persName id="t19080526-name-138" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-138" type="surname" value="CANN"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-138" type="given" value="HERBERT VICTOR"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080526-39-offence-1 t19080526-name-138"/>Herbert Victor Cann</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Bowen Davies prosecuted; Mr. Sidney Williams defended.</p>
<p>Inspector
<hi rend="smallCaps">ARTHUR SIMS</hi> produced a plan of the top floor of No. 1, Drummond Crescent, Somers Town.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-139" type="surname" value="CANN"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-139" type="given" value="LOUIS CLARA"/>LOUIS CLARA CANN</persName> </hi>. I live at No. 1, Drummond Crescent, Somers Town. The family include my mother, sister, two little brothers, and the prisoner. At half-past eight on the evening of April 23 I was in the kitchen on the top floor with prisoner, my mother, my sister, and my brother Herbert Victor. I had a few words with pri
<lb/>soner about the rent. My father is the tenant of the house, but we have had to pay the rent since he left us. My father left us money for that purpose. The landlord wrote saying that he was going to put the brokers in, and I brought the letter up to my brother in the kitchen, and asked him what he intended to do about it. He said, "I cannot help it," and I said, "No; you don't care." I said to my sister, "If I could borrow some money I could pay the rent." Pri
<lb/>soner said if I did not leave off nagging him he would do me an injury. I turned to leave the room and said, "Yes, you will." As I was going out of the room I heard the report of a revolver, and my little brother Herbert Victor came running to me crying out, "Oh, my head! Oh, my head!" I picked him up and heard my mother say, "He is shot." I put my hand on the child's head and it was smothered in blood. My mother and little brother went down into the street, and prisoner afterwards went out of the house.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Between the fireplace where prisoner was stand
<lb/>ing and the door where I was my brother Herbert was sitting at the corner of the table, almost in a direct line. I was leaving the room because I was wanted in the shop.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-140" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-140" type="surname" value="CANN"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-140" type="given" value="ALICE HELENA"/>ALICE HELENA CANN</persName> </hi>. As my sister was about to leave the room prisoner took the revolver from his pocket and fired it. He was standing by the fireplace at the time. My brother Herbert Victor was sitting at the table, and was between the prisoner and my sister Louisa, and called out, "Oh, my head!" and I noticed that his head was bleeding. He ran out of the room, and prisoner called to him to come back, but he did not do so. Prisoner fired the revolver at my sister.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-141" type="surname" value="CANN"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-141" type="given" value="HERBERT VICTOR"/>HERBERT VICTOR CANN</persName> </hi>, aged nine. I remember that on April 23, at about half-past eight, whilst I was sitting at the table, something-hurt</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260042"/>
<p>my head. I have known prisoner and my sister Louisa sometimes to have wordy quarrels, but not fight and strike one another. They scolded one another.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-142" type="surname" value="KNIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-142" type="given" value="CHARLES GRAHAM"/>CHARLES GRAHAM KNIGHT</persName> </hi>, assistant resident medical officer at the Children's Temperance Hospital. Victor Cann was brought to the hospital on April 23 at about nine o'clock. I examined his head and found on the right side a small punctured wound extending down to the bone, with a good deal of swelling around the wound. The wound might have been caused by the bullet produced, which did not pene
<lb/>trate the bone.</p>
<p>Police-sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-143" type="surname" value="GOODCHILD"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-143" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES GOODCHILD</persName> </hi>. I went to No. 1, Drummond Crescent at 10 minutes to 12 on April 23 and examined the top floor room, where I found the six-chambered revolver (produced) under the table. It contained five cartridges and one had been fired. I have seen a bullet similar to that in the cartridges.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-144" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-144" type="surname" value="CANN"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-144" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>LOUISA CANN</persName> </hi>, recalled, deposed to finding the bullet in the kitchen</p>
<p>Inspector
<hi rend="smallCaps">SIMS</hi>, recalled. Accompanied by another officer, I ar
<lb/>rested prisoner at 29, Eburton Street in consequence of information received. I said to him, "We are police officers, and I am going to arrest you for shooting at your sister with intent to murder her, further with causing grievous bodily harm to your brother, Herbert Victor." He said, "It was an accident. I am very sorry. I took the revolver from the shelf and put it in my pocket, and as I took it out again it went off. It is only a little toy thing. I was coming to the station to give myself up." I took him to the station, where he was charged. He made no reply. He seemed very much upset.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-145" type="surname" value="CANN"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-145" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES CANN</persName> </hi>(prisoner, on oath). On the night in question my sister came and asked me about the rent. I told her I was not going to pay it. We had a jangle over it, which is not an unusual thing. I found the pistol about two months before this affair took place. I put it away in a box which I keep underneath my bed. I had taken it out because my sister was going to clean the room. As I took the revolver from my pocket it went off. I took it out because I was going to put it away again. My sister, my brother, and myself were not exactly in a straight line. If I had pointed it at my sister I should certainly have hit her. I could have hit her easily without touching my young brother. I heard mother scream and run out, and I ran after her to see what I had done. I holloa'd to my brother to come back. I was very much upset and I went away. My mother was not called before the magistrate because she is not right in her mind. She has been ill about 18 months. When I was arrested I was just about going to the station to inquire how much damage I had done. I think the trigger must have caught my pocket as I pulled the pistol out</p>
<p>Cross-examined. When I found the revolver it had five bullets in it. We are dealers in old clothes, and I found the revolver in an old coat. I have never touched the bullets since I found it.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080526-39-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-39-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-39-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080526-40">
<interp inst="t19080526-40" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080526"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-40" type="date" value="19080526"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080526-40-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-40-19080526 t19080526-40-offence-1 t19080526-40-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260043"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-40-19080526" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-40-19080526" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-40-19080526" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-40-19080526" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="def1-40-19080526" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-40-19080526" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WHITE</hi>, John (30, labourer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080526-40-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-40-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-40-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> to
<rs id="t19080526-40-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-40-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-40-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>stealing two boxes of blouses, the property of
<persName id="t19080526-name-147" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-147" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080526-40-offence-1 t19080526-name-147"/>Faudels, limited</persName>; feloniously wounding
<persName id="t19080526-name-148" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-148" type="surname" value="HICKSON"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-148" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080526-40-offence-1 t19080526-name-148"/>Walter Hickson</persName>, a Metropolitan police officer, with intent to resist the apprehension of himself; attempting to wound
<persName id="t19080526-name-149" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-149" type="surname" value="TUCKER"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-149" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080526-40-offence-1 t19080526-name-149"/>George Tucker</persName>, a Metropolitan police officer, with intent to resist the apprehension of himself.</rs> </p>
<p>The articles were stolen from a traveller's brougham in Commercial Street, Spitalfields. When Tucker, who witnessed the robbery, at
<lb/>tempted to arrest prisoner, the latter attacked him with a shoemaker's knife and cut his tunic. Tucker closed with him and they fell to the ground together. Prisoner, however, got away. Hickson attempted to stop him and was wounded in the face with the knife, fortunately without inflicting permanent injury.</p>
<p>Several previous convictions were proved.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080526-40-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-40-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-40-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-40-19080526 t19080526-40-punishment-24"/>Three years' penal servitude</rs>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, May 28.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080526-41">
<interp inst="t19080526-41" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080526"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-41" type="date" value="19080526"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080526-41-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-41-19080526 t19080526-41-offence-1 t19080526-41-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-41-19080526" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-41-19080526" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-41-19080526" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-41-19080526" type="surname" value="VOLKERVITCH"/>
<interp inst="def1-41-19080526" type="given" value="ISAAC"/>
<interp inst="def1-41-19080526" type="occupation" value="tailor"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">VOLKERVITCH</hi>, Isaac (30, tailor)</persName>
<rs id="t19080526-41-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-41-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-41-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>; unlawfully uttering counter
<lb/>feit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. W. H. Sands prosecuted; Mr. Greene defended.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-151" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-151" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-151" type="given" value="FLORENCE"/>FLORENCE LEWIS</persName> </hi>, cashier at the Temple Exhibition, Whitechapel Road. On Saturday, April 18, prisoner came into the exhibition and asked for two tickets, coating 3d., for which he put down a 5s. piece (produced). I thought it was bad, and asked if he had any other money; he said no. A friend who was with prisoner then walked out. Prisoner stood there, but said nothing. Presently he gave me 3d. in coppers and took the 5s. back.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The Passover holidays had not come off on Satur
<lb/>day, the 18th. Prisoner made no attempt to get away. I saw him search his pockets before producing the 3d., but I do not know from what pocket he brought it.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-152" type="surname" value="O'SULLIVAN"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-152" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>MICHAEL O'SULLIVAN</persName> </hi>, 272 H. On April 18 I was in Brick Lane about 7.15 p.m., where I saw a boy, who spoke to me, after which I saw prisoner and followed him in consequence of what the boy said. After doing so for about 500 or 600 yards I saw him speak to a man (Goldberg) who was afterwards charged with prisoner. The latter showed this man something which he took from his trousers pocket. They stood at the entrance to the Gayland Exhibition. They then went away and returned to the entrance. From there they went to the Temple Exhibition. I then spoke to the attendant at the door, and saw prisoner put down a 5s. piece (produced). The man with prisoner then came out. I followed prisoner into the exhibition; after speaking to him, I searched him and found the coin in his waist
<lb/>coat pocket. I also found £1 in gold, 1s. silver, and 7d. bronze. He said, "I know I wanted to change it; I do not make them. I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260044"/>
<p>got it from my guv'nor, Mr. Levy, 41, Fashion Street." When charged at the station he made no reply.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner was wearing the same suit as now. (After referring to a notebook). When he was taken to the station he said, "I am a fool; I do not make them. Yes, I know I wanted to change it; I got it from Mr. Levy." It was his governor's brother who lived at 41, Fashion Street. Two keys were found on prisoner. I do not know that anyone searched his premises. I find that he bears the highest character.</p>
<p>Re-examined. The other man was discharged by the magistrate. Mr. Levy came to the station on the night prisoner was taken there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-153" type="surname" value="DURNOSKI"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-153" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID DURNOSKI</persName> </hi>, costermonger. I was with my barrow in Brick Lane at 7.15 p. m. on April 18, where I saw prisoner, who asked me for half a pound of grapes, price 11/2 d., for which he gave me a crown (produced). I tried it three times, and told him it was no good. I asked him if he had any smaller money; he said no. He then left the grapes and went away. I spoke to him in Jewish.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I bounced the coin three times on the ground. This was the last day of the Passover holidays.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-154" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-154" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>, officer of His Majesty's Mint. The coin produced is counterfeit; it is a fairly good imitation.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. It would be likely to deceive anybody who had no experience.</p>
<p>Prisoner's statement. I reserve my defence and call no witnesses here.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-155" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-155" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-155" type="surname" value="VOLKERVITCH"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-155" type="given" value="ISAAC"/>ISAAC VOLKERVITCH</persName> </hi>(prisoner, on oath). Evidence interpreted. I work for my brother-in-law, Millward Levy. On the Friday before this Saturday I saw my governor's brother and asked him to give me some money, because my governor would be away on the Sunday. He gave me 25s., being a sovereign and 5s. piece. I was wearing a frock coat on the Saturday. In the evening I changed my coat. I cannot remember in which pocket I put my money. I went down Brick Lane and asked for some grapes from Durnoski. I wanted to change the sovereign, but he said he had no change. I did not know at the time that I had any small change. I offered Durnoski the 5s. piece, which he gave me back, saying it looked like a bad one, but he was not sure. I went straight to the Temple Exhibition and offered the same 5s. piece, not believing it was bad. When the lady gave it me back I searched for the sovereign and found some pennies. I did not know that I had them. I had changed all my suit that evening. I have never been in trouble before.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The 25s. wages were in my little pocket. I wanted the grapes when I bought them. My master owed me £2 14s. for that week's work. I heard Durnoski ring the coin. I was not sure that it was bad. I have been in London between five and six</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260045"/>
<p>years. When I saw Goldberg I Showed him some jewellery of my wife's. I said to Florence Lewis that I would see whether I had some other money.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-156" type="surname" value="LEVY"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-156" type="given" value="JACOB"/>JACOB LEVY</persName> </hi>, 41, Fashion Street. Prisoner works for my brother. On the day before prisoner was locked up I saw him. My brother was then away for a holiday. Prisoner asked me to give him 25s. on account of his wages, and I gave him a sovereign and a 5s. piece. When I heard he had been locked up I went to the station and told them that I had given the 5s. piece to prisoner.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I know where I got the 5s. from; it was got with £20 in silver.</p>
<p>The Common Serjeant said that he did not think it was necessary to call the witnesses to character.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080526-41-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-41-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-41-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080526-42">
<interp inst="t19080526-42" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080526"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-42" type="date" value="19080526"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080526-42-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-42-19080526 t19080526-42-offence-1 t19080526-42-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-42-19080526" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-42-19080526" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-42-19080526" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-42-19080526" type="surname" value="ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-42-19080526" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-42-19080526" type="occupation" value="painter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALLEN</hi>, William (24, painter)</persName>
<rs id="t19080526-42-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-42-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-42-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>; uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Beaumont Morice prosecuted; Mr. S. W. Lambert defended.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-158" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-158" type="surname" value="RODER"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-158" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE RODER</persName> </hi>, 35, Woolwich Road, Greenwich. On April 8, prisoner came into out shop between 5.30 and 6, and asked for a packet of Player's cigarettes (21/2 d.), for which he tendered a 5s. piece, which was rather smooth and similar to the one produced, but not quite so dark. I gave it to my husband, who took it into Mr. Higgs next door to get change. He brought it back and gave it to prisoner saying, "Do you know what you have got here? It is a bad one." Prisoner looked at it, and said, "Bad!" and put it back in his pocket. He then gave me half a sovereign, which I changed.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I gave prisoner 9s. 91/2 d. After tendering the coin he waited for some time. I could not swear to this being the same coin. My husband was absent with the coin for about four minutes; he was also away for about that time when he went to change the half-sovereign.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-159" type="surname" value="RODER"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-159" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS RODER</persName> </hi>, 35, Woolwich Road, tobacconist, husband of last witness, gave evidence corroborating her account. When prisoner gave me the half-sovereign I went out again on pretence of getting change, and asked Mr. Higgs to look for a policeman. Prisoner went out of the shop and I followed him, but lost sight of him. I saw him about ten minutes later in company of another man on the road to Woolwich. Then they separated, one going down a side turning, and I fancy they saw I was watching them, so I drew back, and they disappeared. I saw prisoner with a man, but I could not say he was the same one, at eight o'clock on the same evening, as I was standing at the shop door. Prisoner went into Mr. Higgs's shop next door. A few minutes later I was serving a customer when Mr. Higgs came in, and from what he said my customer went after prisoner. The 5s. piece produced is in a different state from when I saw it. It had a suspicious appearance, and I bit it. I made no actual mark on it. I found prisoner detained at A. J. Hunt's shop.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I had taken a counterfeit crown about a month previously. I believe I can tell a bad coin by putting it between my teeth. I did not apply any other test. Prisoner when he separated</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260046"/>
<p>from the other man went up Coombedale Road; that is about 600 yards from my shop, I should imagine. When told that the coin was bad prisoner said to my wife, "Isn't it funny? I got it in change." I have a slight doubt as to the exact remark he made. I think I told the magistrate that prisoner said to me, "That's funny; I got it in change." Possibly I repeated the words the wife had told me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-160" type="surname" value="MUNDAY"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-160" type="given" value="ALFRED JAMES"/>ALFRED JAMES MUNDAY</persName> </hi>, 277, Woolwich Road, shoemaker. On April 18, between 6.30 and 7 p.m., prisoner came into my shop for a pair of indiarubber heels, which came to 61/2 d. He tendered a bad 5s. piece, which I tested on the slate. I handed it back to prisoner and said it was no good. He then gave me a sovereign, and asked if I could change that, which I did. On April 27 I went to the police station and picked prisoner out from about 18. I saw him directly he entered the room.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I do not know the exact time that prisoner came into the shop. I had nothing to help me to fix the time; there is no clock in the shop. I had a good many customers in and out between five and seven, but not while prisoner was there. I do not think there were any like prisoner. I do not identify the coin. Prisoner had two or three sovereigns with him. Coombedale Road is about a minute and a half from my shop. It would take about 10 minutes to walk to Roder's shop. You would pass Coombedale Road going from my shop to Roder's. Prisoner was quite a stranger to me. The constable called on me about this matter on the following Thursday. I had not complained at the police station. I cannot tell how the constable found out about the affair at all. He asked me if I had had a bad 5s. piece tendered on Saturday; he did not say the 18th. I told the officer prisoner looked like a gentleman's servant, and I should know him again. He did not describe him to me. When I picked prisoner out at the station from the others they were standing in a semi-circle. Prisoner was immediately oppo
<lb/>site the door. The coin made a lead mark when rubbed on the slate. It would have been likely to deceive anybody.</p>
<p>Re-examined. Nobody went with me when I picked out prisoner. I walked across, touched him, and said, "This is the man."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-161" type="surname" value="HIGGS"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-161" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH HIGGS</persName> </hi>, 37, Woolwich Road, leatherseller. On April 18, at about 7 p.m., Mr. Roder came and showed me a 5s. piece. It did not look like a good one. I could not say whether it is the one produced. About an hour afterwards prisoner came in for a pair of rubber heels, 61/2 d., for which he tendered a 5s. piece, which looked a very bad one; it looked very black. I went into Mr. Roder, and from something he said, I took it back to the shop and asked prisoner whether he had a halfpenny or smaller change. He said he had a halfpenny. I said I could not take the 5s. piece. He then gave me back the rubber heels and said, "Do you mind my calling later on?" About a quarter of an hour later I saw him at the police station.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have no clock in the shop. I said it was about 6.30 when Roder came to me first. I heard Mrs. Roder give her evidence at the police court, but I could not say whether I heard her</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260047"/>
<p>say that the time was between 5.30 and six. There was a light mark on the coin produced at the police court, similar to the one I had taken in the shop. It is not on this one now. I should not be prepared to say it was the same coin. I was standing at my door and saw pri
<lb/>soner come out of Roder's shop. I could walk to Coombedale Road in two or three minutes. I could not say whether Roder is right in putting the distance as 1, 500 yards.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-162" type="surname" value="HUNT"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-162" type="given" value="ARCHIBALD JAMES"/>ARCHIBALD JAMES HUNT</persName> </hi>, 105, Woolwich Road, chemist. On April 18, at about eight p.m., prisoner came into my shop and asked for a tin of tooth powder, price 4d., for which he tendered the 5s. piece produced. I tested it with nitrate of silver and found it was bad, so I broke it in two, and handed it back to prisoner, who said that he did not know he had it. He hesitated a little and then gave the tooth powder back and walked out. I went to the door, and a con
<lb/>stable passed, to whom I spoke and returned to the shop. Shortly afterwards the officer returned with prisoner. I said to the former, "This is the man who tried to pass off a bad 5s. piece." Prisoner said, "Are you sure of that?" Then afterwards, "Well, it is very hard on me," and I said, "Yes, and it is very hard on some of us who have wives and families to keep." Then I told him that it would be better if he said nothing at all. I went to the station and charged prisoner.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The coin did not look quite proper; otherwise it would very likely have deceived me. Even a wary person might be deceived by it. When tested the coin went quite black.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-163" type="surname" value="HUNT"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-163" type="given" value="JAMES EDWARD"/>JAMES EDWARD HUNT</persName> </hi>, Glenforth Road, E. Greenwich, general dealer. On April 18, at about five to eight, I saw prisoner come out of Higgs's shop. I had been in Roder's shop and heard Higgs say something to Roder, in consequence of which I followed prisoner, who went up the road. I crossed on the other side and saw him go into Mr. Hunt's, the chemist. There was a young lady there also. A few seconds elapsed, then I saw a policeman, to whom I made a statement. I passed Hunt's shop again, and, as prisoner came out, I pointed him out to the constable, who took him back to the chemist's shop. When there prisoner said, "This is the first shop I have tried to pass it on to." I said, "With the exception of two others to my knowledge." I did not hear him say anything more. I brought Mr. Roder in, and prisoner was taken to the station.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I should think the officer could have heard pri
<lb/>soner's statement, because I was further away than he. When I said, "With the exception of two others," I alluded to Mr. Higgs and Mr. Roder. I did not, that I am aware of, say to the magistrate that pri
<lb/>soner said, "I did not know it was bad." I expect I did say so.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-164" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-164" type="surname" value="PLUMMER"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-164" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM PLUMMER</persName> </hi>, 609 R. On April 18, about eight p.m., after the last witness had spoken to me, I saw prisoner come out of Mr. A.J. Hunt's shop. When he had got about six yards away I said to him, "I have a complaint against you for offering counterfeit coin." He said, "I asked for some tooth powder and handed him this, which I got shoved into me last night when in drink."</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260048"/>
<p>At the same time he gave me the broken 5s. piece. I took him back to the chemist's. Mr. Hunt said that prisoner had asked for some tooth powder, and when told the coin was bad, the latter said, "I did not know I had got it." I told prisoner I should take him into cus
<lb/>tody. He said, "To tell you the truth, I have only been out of the army a fortnight; it is hard on me." I searched him in the shop and found 11/2 d. and a key. When charged at the station he made no reply.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not hear prisoner say in the shop that that was the first shop in which he had tried to pass the coin, nor J. E. Hunt say, "And another two to my knowledge." I might have been deceived with the coin myself.</p>
<p>Re-examined. The coin is lighter than a genuine one.</p>
<p>(To Mr. Lambert.) I did not find any indiarubber heels on prisoner.</p>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-165" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-165" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-165" type="surname" value="MACPHERSON"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-165" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MACPHERSON</persName> </hi>, R Division. On the morn
<lb/>ing of April 27 prisoner was put up for identification with 18 others, many others similar to him. I heard prisoner say that he was satis
<lb/>fied with the number and character of the men. Witness Munday picked prisoner out after he had had a look round. Prisoner made no reply. There was no description given to Munday before he identified prisoner.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I went to Munday and took a statement from him. I took down his description of the man he had seen, as fol
<lb/>lows: "Age about 27, height 5 ft. 6 in., appearance of a gentleman's servant." The men at the identification stood in a semi-circle. It may be correct that prisoner was right in front of Munday when the latter went in. Munday gave me the date on which he had seen prisoner as Saturday, the 18th.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-166" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-166" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-166" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>, officer of His Majesty's Mint. The coin produced is bad; it is a fairly good imitation. It is about 100 grains lighter than a genuine coin.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-167" type="surname" value="ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-167" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM ALLEN</persName> </hi>(prisoner, on oath), 4, Cheshire Street, Bethnal Green. I used to be a painter by trade. I have been in the Army in South Africa, whence I came back on March 30. I brought £8 with me. I first went to Gosport for a day, and then came to Lon
<lb/>don. I am not in the Army now. On April 17, during the morn
<lb/>ing and afternoon, I was walking about the City and was in a good many public-houses. I received the 5s. piece on the night before in a public-house in Shoreditch in change for a sovereign, which was the last of the £8 I had brought from the ship. On the 18th, Saturday, I went to Woolwich with the intention of seeing an ex-soldier from Africa, whom I had met on the previous Wednesday, when I borrowed half a sovereign from him. About 6 p. m. I went into Roder's shop for a packet of ciga
<lb/>rettes. At that time I had half a sovereign, a 5s. piece, and 11/2 d. I gave Mrs. Roder 5s. for the cigarettes. She went into a back</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260049"/>
<p>room, then her husband came out with the coin, and said he was going to get change. When he came back he told me it was bad, and I gave him half a sovereign, getting 9s. 91/2 d. change. I went out of the shop and met my friend, Richard Barrow. I paid him the 9s. 91/2 d. and the cigarettes, in satisfaction of my debt. I was with him for some time, and we had a drink. Then I went into Higgs's shop, about seven, I should say. I did not go into Munday's shop at all. I asked Higgs for a pair of rubber rings. I tendered the 5s. piece, and a few minutes afterwards he came and told me he did not like it. Then I gave him back the robber rings and left the shop. I looked at the coin again, and still thought that it was good. My friend had left me and promised to meet me at nine o'clock at the corner of Trafalgar Road and Woolwich Road. He had told me on the Wednesday that if I came over to see him on the Saturday very likely I could get some work. At about sight o'clock I went into Hunt's shop for some tooth powder and gave him the 5s. piece. I had no more money then. Hunt tested the coin, gave it me back, and I returned the tooth powder. I had gone about 30 paces from the shop when a constable and another man came up. The former asked me what I had been doing, and I gave him the coin. He asked me to go back and be searched, which I did. Mr. Hunt recognised me. I said that I had just come from Africa and it was hard on me. I did not hear J. E. Hunt say that I had tried to pass the coin at two other shops. I was picked out at the police station by Munday, but I had never seen him before. I had never seen the coin tested, and I believed it to be genuine when I went into Hunt's shop.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I had 16s. when I left home, on the Saturday. I did not know my friend's address. I expected to see him near the corner of Trafalgar Road and Woolwich Road. I told the magistrate that I paid my friend 10s. I took the 9s. 91/2 d. and the cigarettes to be the equivalent. Mr. Higgs did not say that the coin was bad;. he told me he did not like it. Barrow and I were together between six and seven. I do not know Coombedale Road. It was about 6.30 when I met Barrow. What Mr. Munday has sworn about my going to his shop must be a mistake. He looked very hard at two or three other men before he identified me. In Mr. Hunt's shop I did not say it was the first shop where I had tried to pass the coin. I do not remember saying anything when Mr. Hunt said that I was the man who gave him a bad 5s. piece. I did not hear Mr. Hunt say, "It is very hard on us who have wives and children to look after"; be might have said it.</p>
<p>To the Common Serjeant. My friend Barrow is not here; I do not suppose he knows I am in trouble. I had met him in Africa about 18 months ago. He used to be a friend of mine in the army. I should say it was by chance that I met him in Shoreditch. I very often meet old soldiers. He told me that he was living in Greenwich. He did not stop with me five minutes on the Wednesday. I just borrowed half a sovereign, and he told me where to see him. I did not go into a shop while he was with me. I do not know why he left me;</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260050"/>
<p>perhaps he had private business of his own. Where he is or what he is doing I cannot tell you.</p>
<p>Verdict:
<rs id="t19080526-42-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-42-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-42-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty of uttering to A. J. Hunt. As to the other utter
<lb/>ings the Jury were not agreed.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Beaumont Morice accepted the verdict.</p>
<p>It was stated that prisoner joined the third battalion Royal Fusi
<lb/>liers on December 21, 1900; on September 21, 1901, he deserted, and on February 4, 1902, he was convicted at the North London Sessions of being found loitering by night with housebreaking implements, and attempted housebreaking, and sentenced to four months' hard labour. On October 28, 1902, he joined the Royal Field Artillery, and shortly afterwards it was discovered that he was a deserter. On April 9, 1903, he was tried by a military tribunal, and sentenced to 72 days' im
<lb/>prisonment for fraudulent enlistment. After that he went to Pre
<lb/>toria with the Fusiliers, where he again deserted. On April 6, 1907, he was arrested for housebreaking in South Africa, and sentenced to 28 days' imprisonment. Before that had expired he was sent to England, and on arrival was discharged from the army with ignominy. Prisoner denied having deserted in Africa.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080526-42-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-42-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-42-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-42-19080526 t19080526-42-punishment-25"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19080526-43" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080526"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-43" type="date" value="19080526"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080526-43-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-43-19080526 t19080526-43-offence-1 t19080526-43-verdict-1"/>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-43-19080526" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-43-19080526" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-43-19080526" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-43-19080526" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="def1-43-19080526" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-43-19080526" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MOORE</hi>, John (25, labourer)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-43-19080526" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-43-19080526" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-43-19080526" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def2-43-19080526" type="surname" value="LEE"/>
<interp inst="def2-43-19080526" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def2-43-19080526" type="occupation" value="porter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LEE</hi>, William (29, porter)</persName>
<rs id="t19080526-43-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-43-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-43-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>; both robbery and assault upon
<persName id="t19080526-name-170" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-170" type="surname" value="MARSH"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-170" type="given" value="WILLIAM JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080526-43-offence-1 t19080526-name-170"/>William James Marsh</persName>, and stealing from him one metal watch, his property.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. S.A. Kyffin prosecuted; Mr. Burnie and Mr. R. P. Mahaffy defended.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-171" type="surname" value="MARSH"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-171" type="given" value="WILLIAM JAMES"/>WILLIAM JAMES MARSH</persName> </hi>, 38, Liverpool Road, miner. On the after
<lb/>noon of May 4 I was in the "Angel," Islington, and at about 4.15 I went to the urinal at the back, which is in a mews. As I was getting ready to leave prisoner Lee struck me on the face and in the mouth, and knocked a piece of a tooth out. Moore caught hold of my arms and they both pummelled into me. I got away from them and they ran towards the "Angel." I ran after them, and a third man put his foot between my legs and shot me over. I got up and found my chain in the road at the corner of Angel Mews. This mews is 50 or 60 ft. long and it runs into Pentonville Road. A policeman came up, and Moore stopped, but Lee struggled to get away. When I picked my chain up I noticed that my watch was gone. Another constable came up and took Moore, and I followed them to the station with a third constable. On the way a woman handed me my hat with my watch in it. The chain was not broken. I do not know how the watch came apart.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I had been in the "Angel" from 21/2 to three hours. I had had a few drinks, and I gave a few friends who were not at work a luncheon, as I wanted some myself. I had only one drink after lunch. I had not been at work that day. I was only for a second or two in the urinal. I had never seen prisoners before. There is a public road leading to the urinal; it is practically in the road. When prisoners were pummelling me I did not feel my watch</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260051"/>
<p>being taken. The woman who gave me my watch was short and had a shawl, and was wearing a little cap. I was too excited to give her in charge.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-172" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-172" type="surname" value="WEST"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-172" type="given" value="EILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEST</persName> </hi>, 87 G. On May 4, at about 4.15 p.m., I was in High Street, Islington, when I prisoners running towards me. The prosecutor called out, "Stop them; they have stolen my watch," and I stopped both of them. (Prosecutor was bleed
<lb/>ing from the mouth. Constable Raven then came up and I turned Moore over to him. Prosecutor produced his watch at the station.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I never heard Moore say anything when arrested. Yes, he did say, "I never took his watch. You will not find anything on me." I mistook him for Lee just now. He said that on the way to the station. I did not see a woman come up to prosecutor; I went on ahead with Moore.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-173" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-173" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-173" type="surname" value="RAVEN"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-173" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES RAVEN</persName> </hi>, 44 G. On May 4, at 4.15, I was in High Street, Islington, when I saw West with the two prisoners. I took Lee into custody. He said, "I went to the urinal and half a dozen men set about me." A third officer came along with prosecutor.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Lee said nothing to me about the watch and I saw no woman come up.</p>
<p>Detective
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-174" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-174" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-174" type="surname" value="TROTT"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-174" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK TROTT</persName> </hi>, G Division. On May 4 I was at King's Cross Road Police Station when the prisoners were brought there. They were first charged with attempted robbery and assault on prose
<lb/>cutor. Then the latter produced his watch, which he said had been given back to him by a woman. Prisoners were then charged with robbery of the watch. Prosecutor said that the third man who had assaulted him was in the crowd and ran away. Prosecutor was very excited, but was not drunk. He was bleeding from the mouth and his trousers were torn.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I asked prosecutor about the woman who handed him his watch. He said she was outside, and I asked him to go out and see if he could point her out. He did not describe her. I did not ask the officers about the woman. There were several women out
<lb/>side that had come down with the crowd, but Marsh did not point her out. I think the prisoners were also excited, but they were quite sober. I have made inquiries as to prisoner Lee, who has been employed at Christmas time, for several years past, as an auxiliary postman at Euston Station, for the Post Office. Moore has been employed up to about two months ago at potman at a public-house for about six months.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I have generally seen Lee at race meetings, and as far as I know, when not at his Christmas employment he gets his living by mixing with betting men.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-175" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-175" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-175" type="surname" value="WEST"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-175" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEST</persName> </hi>, recalled. Mr. Blackmore, mail officer at Euston Station, spoke to me this morning, and said that Lee had been, employed by the postal authorities at Euston Station at Christmas time, and he (Mr. Blackmore) had always found him to be an honest and respectable person.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260052"/>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-176" type="surname" value="LEE"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-176" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM LEE</persName> </hi>(prisoner, on oath). In the summer I am a porter at Covent Garden Market, under a master porter named Johnson. I have been at this for about five years. In winter I work as auxiliary postman at Euston. For this you have to have a character right away through the year, and every year. I have been there, I believe, since 1902. I have also been employed by Mr. Ball, carman, 33, Cloudesley Road, Liverpool Road. As regards race meetings, I must admit that at holiday times I go out for a jaunt. On May 4 I was in the "Peacock" having a drink with Moore; that is two doors from the "Angel." I went out to the urinal, and while coming away I was stopped by two men, and the prosecutor says to me, "Good afternoon." They seemed to be going towards the urinal. I believe the other man is called Goodwin; I have been trying to find him, but cannot. I said, "Good afternoon," and Marsh got hold of my arm, saying, "I want a word with you. Aren't you one of the mob that has been following me about since 10 o'clock this morning?" He was going to set about me, when I said, "No, sir." He says, "Well, I believe you are, and if I thought you were I would kick your——" (using a filthy expression). The other gentleman with him said, "You have made a mistake, Jim." Marsh said, "I have made no mistake; any road, if I have I am going to punch somebody, so I will punch him." With that he struck at me and staggered me, and I struck at him. As I did, the other man hit me and knocks me to the ground. Up rushed two or three more navvies who were friends of prose
<lb/>cutor, and started kicking me. I managed to catch the railings and struggled to my feet. I then ran to a policeman at the "Angel." As I got to my feet a man whom I recognised punched me in the eye and split it open. I did not know Moore was there at the time; I thought I had left him in the public-house. There were no other friends of mine about there. I know nothing about the watch.</p>
<p>(Friday, May 29.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-177" type="surname" value="LEE"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-177" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM LEE</persName> </hi>, recalled. I had never seen prosecutor before. Moore is a friend of mine.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I told my story about the prosecutor assaulting me at the police court. I told my solicitor, and he said, "My clients will reserve their defence." The policeman must be mistaken in saying that I ran past him. When being taken to the station I did not see prosecutor pick up a chain, nor see a woman hand him a cap and watch. Prosecutor was just beside us all the way to the station. I have heard since from one of his friends that Moore was with five men and four females. I have one of the men here.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-178" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-178" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-178" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MOORE</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I have been employed as potman at the "Prince of Wales," King's Cross, which I left just after Christmas. Since then I have been doing odd jobs. On the day in question I was with Lee in the "Peacock." He left quite 10 minutes before I did, saying he would not be a minute, that he was going to</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260053"/>
<p>the urinal. After 10 minute I thought be was a long time, and went out after him. I walked to the corner of Pentonville Road, where I saw some 20 or 30 people at the mews looking on. I saw Lee getting off the ground. I said, "What's up?" Before he could answer I was struck and knocked to the ground. When I got up a man had hold of the back of my coat. "I will show you," he said, "if you are one of them." I turned and saw a man whom I knew amongst five or six labouring chaps. I asked him to stop the man insulting me. He said, "I didn't know it was you," and put his arm up between me and the man who struck me, saying, "Don't touch him, he has nothing to do with it." No notice was taken; I was struck again. In the struggle to get away my coat was torn. When I found myself free I ran up to Police-constable West, saying to him, "I have run to yon for protection, as a mob of men set about me round the corner; will you blow your whistle?" The prosecutor then came up and said, "Hold that man; I charge him with stealing my watch and chain." I said, "I haven't stole no watch and chain; I haven't got a thing on me." The policeman said, "I shall have to take you to the station." I was taken and charged. Lee and I were by ourselves for quite 21/2 hours before this happened. The man who was in prosecutor's company is named Charles Barber. I have been employed by the wife of a Mr. Player, of Thornhill Square, for a considerable time. There is a letter from him. (The letter was read, which spoke to prisoner's character.)</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I was some 10 to 15 yards in front of prosecutor on the way to the station. It is not true that I pummelled prosecu
<lb/>tor. The man who hit me was a tall, labouring chap. I had no complaint to make against prosecutor. I did not see him assault anyone. I ran up to the policeman for protection, and told him so. I did not run past him.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080526-43-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-43-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-43-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE MR</hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUSTICE GRANTHAM</hi>.</p>
<p>(Friday, May 29.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080526-44">
<interp inst="t19080526-44" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080526"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-44" type="date" value="19080526"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080526-44-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-44-19080526 t19080526-44-offence-1 t19080526-44-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-44-19080526" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-44-19080526" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-44-19080526" type="age" value="46"/>
<interp inst="def1-44-19080526" type="surname" value="FOX"/>
<interp inst="def1-44-19080526" type="given" value="CHARLES EVERARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-44-19080526" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOX</hi>, Charles Everard (46, labourer)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t19080526-44-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-44-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-44-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/> for and charged on coroner's inquisition with the wilful murder of
<persName id="t19080526-name-180" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-180" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-180" type="surname" value="FOX"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-180" type="given" value="PERCY NEVE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080526-44-offence-1 t19080526-name-180"/>Percy Neve Fox</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Leycester and Mr. Oddy prosecuted; Mr. Huntly Jenkins de
<lb/>fended.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-181" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-181" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-181" type="surname" value="FOX"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-181" type="given" value="DOROTHY"/>DOROTHY FOX</persName> </hi>. I am 14 years old, a daughter of prisoner. In April I was living at home at 187, Sterndale Road, Fulham; I was the eldest of seven children at home; Percy was the youngest, aged 3 1/2. Father was employed as a postman; he was dismissed 21/2 years ago, and has since had no regular work. There was occasional quar
<lb/>relling between father and mother about his not getting work. He was very fond of us children, especially of Percy. On April 24 I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260054"/>
<p>went to bed about half-past, nine; I slept in the same bed with Percy and my two young sisters. Soon after five in the morning I was awakened by my sister Rosina crying out, and I found Percy was lying in the bed covered with blood.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. After father was dismissed from the Post Office I noticed a change in his manner; he was quiet and morose, and would sit silent and nursing his head. There was no quarrelling between father and mother on the night Percy died.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-182" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-182" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-182" type="surname" value="FOX"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-182" type="given" value="ROSINA"/>ROSINA FOX</persName> </hi>, aged 10. I woke up about half-past four in the morn
<lb/>ing, "hearing a funny noise, as if some one was spitting water out of their mouth." I sat up in bed; it was daylight; I saw Percy covered with brood. I went and awoke mother. By the side of the bed where Percy was there was a towel and a knife; both these must have been fetched from the kitchen.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-183" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-183" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-183" type="surname" value="HAYWARD"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-183" type="given" value="EMMA"/>EMMA HAYWARD</persName> </hi>. I live at 189, Sterndale Road, next door to 187. On the night of April 24, about 11 o'clock, I heard voices in the next house, which I took to be a quarrel between prisoner and his wife.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I only heard one voice—that of a man; it only lasted a few minutes; it might have been a man talking to himself.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-184" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-184" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-184" type="surname" value="DRAKE"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-184" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN DRAKE</persName> </hi>, 898 T. I was called to 187, Stern
<lb/>dale Road, about half-past five on the morning of April 25. I saw the child, Percy, lying in bed covered with blood, with a wound in the throat; he was dead. The towel and knife produced I found on the bed.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t19080526-name-185" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-185" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-185" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-185" type="given" value="SYDNEY"/>Dr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">SYDNEY SMITH</hi> </persName>. I went to the house about 5.30 in the morning and saw Percy lying on the bad, on his back; his throat was cut; he was dead. The wound could have been inflicted with the knife pro
<lb/>duced; very considerable force must have been employed.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-186" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-186" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-186" type="surname" value="BRYSON"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-186" type="given" value="THOMAS HARRY"/>THOMAS HARRY BRYSON</persName> </hi>, 7, Great Chapel Street, Westminster. On the morning of April 25, about ten to nine, I saw prisoner walk by my shop. I knew him and his mother. He generally called in when he was that way, and this morning I thought it strange that he just looked over the screen and walked straight on. I noticed that he was rather pale.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-187" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-187" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-187" type="surname" value="ENGLISH"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-187" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE ENGLISH</persName> </hi>, 635 T. At 1.50 on April 25 I was on point duty outside Walham Green Station. Prisoner came up to me and said, "Take me to the station." I recognised him as a man who was wanted and I arretted him. Before I had time to caution him he said, "I lost my little boy this morning; my name is Fox; I live at Sterndale Road." I took him to the station; he there said, "I did the deed."</p>
<p>Inspector
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-188" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-188" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-188" type="surname" value="EMERICX"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-188" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES EMERICX</persName> </hi> said he was on duty at South Fulham Police Station on April 25 when prisoner was brought in by last witness. English, in prisoner's hearing, told witness what prisoner had stated to him; prisoner said, "That's right; I did the deed." After being cautioned he said, "I will speak the truth and I know I am going to my doom; I could say a lot as to what it is caused</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260055"/>
<p>through, but I will leave that for the judge and jury." On the charge being read over to him he said, "Yes." He appeared to be quite sober and rational.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. His eyes seemed rather prominent and wild or glaring.</p>
<p>Inspector
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-189" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-189" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-189" type="surname" value="KNELL"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-189" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK KNELL</persName> </hi>, T Division. I took prisoner to the police court on the afternoon of April 25. On the way he said, "I should like to say something in front of the proper persons and explain why the deed was done. It would (or should) have been the wife, but I wanted her to live and remember. He was the flower of the flock. Nobody knows how it was done. When I did the deed I never got a drop of blood on my hands. I am not afraid to die. The world will forget the deed, but I want my wife to remember, and she will re
<lb/>member."</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner was quite sober. He had a glaring look about his eyes, which were somewhat bloodshot.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-190" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-190" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-190" type="surname" value="GROOMBRIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-190" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>LOUISA GROOMBRIDGE</persName> </hi>, aunt of prisoner's wife. I saw prisoner on April 18; he appeared to me very strange; I remarked to my husband at the time that he looked "balmy"—mad; his eyes were very pro
<lb/>jecting and glaring; he was very excited when talking. His manner underwent a complete change after his dismissal from the Post Office.</p>
<p>Mrs.
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-191" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-191" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-191" type="surname" value="FOX"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-191" type="given" value="MILDRED"/>MILDRED Fox</persName> </hi>, prisoner's mother. Prisoner has been in the habit of calling to see me, and I have given him occasionally a little food or a few coppers. He has been very hard up and very dejected. He called on me on April 22. He complained of pains in his head and said he could not sleep at night. I noticed a considerable change in his appearance; he seemed to worried at times that he did not know what he was doing.</p>
<p>Mrs.
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-192" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-192" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-192" type="surname" value="SHEPPARD"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-192" type="given" value="ELEANOR"/>ELEANOR M. SHEPPARD</persName> </hi>, prisoner's eldest daughter. My father was always most kind to his children, and we were all very fond of him. A great change took place in him after he left the Post Office; he seemed very peculiar, very depressed; he used to sit and think, with his hands on his forehead; he would shake his head and walk about for a rare long while and would not speak to anybody. I have seen him bang his head upon the wall, and when I said, "Don't do that, dad," he has replied, "Oh, that doesn't hurt me."</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have never heard of anyone in his family being mad.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-193" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-193" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-193" type="surname" value="FOX"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-193" type="given" value="CHARLES EVEREST"/>CHARLES EVEREST FOX</persName> </hi>, aged 13, son of prisoner. On the night of April 24, between nine and 10, I noticed that father was very quiet, sitting by the fireplace, with his face buried in his hands.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t19080526-name-194" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-194" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-194" type="surname" value="SCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-194" type="given" value="JAMES"/>Dr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES SCOTT</hi> </persName>, of Brixton Prison. I have had prisoner under observation since May 2. He has told me about his long series of troubles, and how they depressed him and made him very dejected and miserable. As to this crime, he knows what he has done, but I do not think he has fully grasped the seriousness of the offence</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260056"/>
<p>he has committed. I think he is suffering from melancholia. I con
<lb/>sider that he is now fit to plead, although his mind is not yet quite clear, and that when he committed this crime he was insane and not in a condition to appreciate properly the quality of the act he was committing.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080526-44-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-44-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-44-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="insane"/>Guilty, but that prisoner was insane at the time of com
<lb/>mitting the crime, so as not to be responsible for his act.</rs>
<rs id="t19080526-44-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-44-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-44-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="insanity"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-44-19080526 t19080526-44-punishment-26"/>Ordered to be detained during His Majesty's pleasure.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RECORDER</hi>.</p>
<p>Friday, May 29.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080526-45">
<interp inst="t19080526-45" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080526"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-45" type="date" value="19080526"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080526-45-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-45-19080526 t19080526-45-offence-1 t19080526-45-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-45-19080526" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-45-19080526" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-45-19080526" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-45-19080526" type="surname" value="COLLYER"/>
<interp inst="def1-45-19080526" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-45-19080526" type="occupation" value="French polisher"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COLLYER</hi>, Edward (29, French polisher)</persName>
<rs id="t19080526-45-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-45-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-45-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>; stealing five feather boas, the goods of
<persName id="t19080526-name-196" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-196" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-196" type="surname" value="MOULE"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-196" type="given" value="EDWIN LONDON"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080526-45-offence-1 t19080526-name-196"/>Edwin London Moule</persName>, and receiving same.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. J. Wells Thatcher prosecuted.</p>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-197" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-197" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-197" type="surname" value="MACLEAN"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-197" type="given" value="HUGH"/>HUGH MACLEAN</persName> </hi>, City Police. On May 1, 1908, at about 1.30 p.m., I was riding on a 'bus in Bishopsgate Street With
<lb/>out, when I saw prisoner carrying a parcel in a newspaper, in com
<lb/>pany with another man not in custody. I got off the 'bus, followed them into Brushfield Street, and said to Collyer, whom I knew, "Hullo, Collyer, what have you got there?" The other man imme
<lb/>diately ran away. Prisoner said, "It does not belong to me—it belongs to this man." He then threw the parcel on to the footway and became very violent. I obtained assistance and took prisoner to Bishopsgate Street Police Station, where he was charged with un
<lb/>lawful possession of the parcel, which contained the five feather boas (produced). He said, "They do not belong to me, they belong to that other man that ran away." The owner was found, and Collyer was subsequently charged with stealing the five boas. He said, "I do not see how you can charge me with stealing them." He had already told me that he was carrying them for the other man. He said before the magistrate, "I was carrying them for the other man."</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not say, "If the other man had had the parcel I should have arrested him." Immediately I spoke to prisoner the other man ran away. I did not call him back—it was no use.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-198" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-198" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-198" type="surname" value="EVE"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-198" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD EVE</persName> </hi>, porter to Edwin London Moule, textile agent, 22, Bow Lane, City. On May 1, at one p.m., I was delivering goods at 101, Wood Street, from a truck. I put a parcel containing six boxes, each containing one feather boa, behind the doorway while I carried other goods up to the second floor. When I came down the boss had gone. Their value is 7s. 6d. each. I afterwards identified five of the boas at the station—they were wrapped in newspaper without the boxes.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I left the goods in the doorway about 10 minutes. I never saw prisoner.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-199" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-199" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-199" type="surname" value="MACLEAN"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-199" type="given" value="HUGH"/>HUGH MACLEAN</persName> </hi>, recalled. Prisoner had no boxes in his possession. Brushfield Street is about a mile from Wood Street.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260057"/>
<p>Prisoner's statement before magistrate: "The parcel was, given to me to carry to Commercial Road by a man I do not know."</p>
<p>Prisoner (not on oath). I was going up Fore Street about 10 minutes past one when a gentleman came up to me and asked if I would carry a parcel to Commercial Road. As I lived that way I said I would. As I was going along Brushfield Street the officer said. "What have you got there?" I told him I had a parcel which I was carrying for that man. The man turned round and ran away, and I was left with the parcel which I am charged with stealing. I am innocent of stealing that parcel.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080526-45-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-45-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-45-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty on both counts.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner confessed to having been convicted on June 7, 1905, at Worship Street, receiving six weeks hard labour for stealing a barrow and contents. Convictions proved: June 24, 1901, nine months at this Court for stealing and receiving; several convictions for neglect
<lb/>ing his wife and family; said to be known as an habitual street thief.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080526-45-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-45-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-45-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-45-19080526 t19080526-45-punishment-27"/>Three years' penal servitude</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080526-46">
<interp inst="t19080526-46" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080526"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-46" type="date" value="19080526"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080526-46-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-46-19080526 t19080526-46-offence-1 t19080526-46-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-46-19080526" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-46-19080526" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-46-19080526" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-46-19080526" type="surname" value="COKELEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-46-19080526" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-46-19080526" type="occupation" value="stoker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COKELEY</hi>, Thomas (33, stoker)</persName>
<rs id="t19080526-46-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-46-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-46-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>; robbery with violence upon
<persName id="t19080526-name-201" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-201" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-201" type="surname" value="KEEP"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-201" type="given" value="RUDOLPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080526-46-offence-1 t19080526-name-201"/>Rudolph Keep</persName> and stealing from him the sum of 21s., his property.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. S. Joyce Thomas prosecuted; Mr. Fenton defended.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-202" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-202" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-202" type="surname" value="KEEP"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-202" type="given" value="RUDOLPH"/>RUDOLPH KEEP</persName> </hi>, 166, St. George's Street East, skin dresser. (Evi
<lb/>dence interpreted.) On Friday, May 1, 1908, at 11.30 p.m., I was in St. George's-in-the-East when prisoner got hold of me by the shoulders and throat, pulled me to the ground and took 21s. from my pocket, which he threw away. Three other men were with him. I go hold of prisoner, struggled with him, and screamed "Police!" An officer came and arrested the prisoner. I had pain in the throat for two days and had my fingers torn by prisoner's nails.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner was on top of me until the police arrived and pulled him off. I earn about 18s. a week—when busy 24s. or 25s. I was paid on Saturday. I do piecework. This happened on Saturday at 11.30—the day I received my wages—24s. in silver. I had it in my jacket pocket. Prisoner took everything away. There were only the four men there—there were some children. The assault took place while the children were there. I had not spent any money on drink—I was sober. The children did not pick up any of the money. The three other men picked it up and ran away with the money. I did not look round to see if there was any money there because the policemen told me there was none.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-203" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-203" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-203" type="surname" value="BEAVER"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-203" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BEAVER</persName> </hi>, 296 H. On Saturday, May 2, at 11.30 p.m., I was on fixed point duty in St. George's Street, when I heard shouts of "Police!" I went in the direction of the cry and found prisoner and prosecutor struggling on the ground. The pro
<lb/>secutor was on the top. There was a small crowd of children and women. One boy said, "Here is 2d., sir," and handed me two pennies. I separated the prisoner and prosecutor, when the prosecutor said in broken English, "That man take 21s.," pointing to the small top pocket of his jacket. Prisoner said, "The man is mad. Does he</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260058"/>
<p>look as if he had 21s.?" I took prisoner to the station, where he was charged with assault and robbery. He made no reply. Prosecutor complained of his throat, and his hands were skinned as if nails had been used. He appeared sober, but very excited.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner appeared sober. He said nothing in reply to the charge at the station. When I arrested him he said, "The man is mad. Does he look as if he had 21s. on him?" I looked on the ground, but could not find any money. The first time prosecutor mentioned three other men was at the police court on Monday morning. In St. George's Street prosecutor said prisoner had taken 21s. out of his pocket—nothing else. He did not say he had thrown it away, or that three other men had picked it up and gone off. I searched pri
<lb/>soner and found no money whatever on him. When I came up I did not know which was the aggressor until the prosecutor accused the prisoner of stealing 21s. from him.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-204" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-204" type="surname" value="COKELEY"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-204" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS COKELEY</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I am ship's fireman and live with my wife and children at 325, Craven Street, St. George's-in-the-East. On Saturday, May 2, at 11.30 p.m., I was walking along St. George's Street towards Craven Street where I live, when I met a small crowd of children standing round the prosecutor, who was standing between the road and the pavement. The children were laughing and giggling and did not seem to understand what prosecutor was saying—he was very excited. Thinking I was doing him a good turn, I advised him to go home. With that he caught hold of me, threw me on the ground, and held me there until the policeman came up. He was on the top of me and I could not get him off me. I was alone. I saw nothing of three men—if there had been three men there I should have taken no notice and gone on home. The police-constable came up, took the prosecutor off me, and he then charged me with assaulting him and robbing him of 21s. I had made no attempt to touch him or take money from him. I deny the charge. (To the Judge.) I have been ashore about two months.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. When I met prosecutor I had just left a shipmate named Jones two minutes before at the corner of Wells Street. I believe he was staying at the Sailors' Home—I think he has gone away. I did not give his name at the station as he did not know anything about this affair. I had no object in interfering with the prosecutor. I simply thought I was doing him a good turn, as he did not seem to understand English—he was very excited. I never put my hands on him—he might have been drunk—I did not know what was the matter with him. I do not know what motive he had in saying I had robbed him. I said the man must be mad to say anything like it—"Does he look as if he was a man who had 21s. on him?" I denied it at the police station, and I denied it there and then. Prose
<lb/>cutor said his throat and his knuckles were hurt. I did not touch him—I had not the chance.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260059"/>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-205" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-205" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-205" type="surname" value="BEAVER"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-205" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BEAVER</persName> </hi>, recalled. There were about half a dozen women and some children of about eight to 12 years old standing around. I asked the crowd at the time if there were any wit
<lb/>nesses—none came to the station. I did not take the names and addresses of the persons there. Prisoner went quietly to the station, gave his correct name and address, and it living there with his wife and children.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080526-46-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-46-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-46-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080526-47">
<interp inst="t19080526-47" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080526"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-47" type="date" value="19080526"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080526-47-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-47-19080526 t19080526-47-offence-1 t19080526-47-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-47-19080526" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-47-19080526" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-47-19080526" type="age" value="43"/>
<interp inst="def1-47-19080526" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-47-19080526" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>
<interp inst="def1-47-19080526" type="occupation" value="agent"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SMITH</hi>, Ernest (43, agent)</persName>
<rs id="t19080526-47-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-47-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-47-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>; obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t19080526-name-207" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-207" type="surname" value="CRESSWELL"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-207" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080526-47-offence-1 t19080526-name-207"/>William Cresswell</persName> the sum of 20s., from
<persName id="t19080526-name-208" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-208" type="surname" value="HAYNES"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-208" type="given" value="JAMES EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080526-47-offence-1 t19080526-name-208"/>James Edward Haynes</persName> the sum of 6s., from
<persName id="t19080526-name-209" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-209" type="surname" value="SAWYER"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-209" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080526-47-offence-1 t19080526-name-209"/>Charles Sawyer</persName> the sum of 6s. 6d., from
<persName id="t19080526-name-210" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-210" type="surname" value="LISTER"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-210" type="given" value="WALTER ATTFIELD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080526-47-offence-1 t19080526-name-210"/>Walter Att
<lb/>field Lister</persName> the sum of 3s., from
<persName id="t19080526-name-211" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-211" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-211" type="given" value="PERCIVAL JOSEPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080526-47-offence-1 t19080526-name-211"/>Percival Joseph Hill</persName> the sum of 4s. 6d., and from
<persName id="t19080526-name-212" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-212" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-212" type="surname" value="GEMINI"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-212" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080526-47-offence-1 t19080526-name-212"/>Samuel Gemini</persName> the sum of 6s., in each case with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Travers Humphreys and Mr. Boyd prosecuted; Mr. G. W. H. Jones defended.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-213" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-213" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-213" type="surname" value="GRESSWELL"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-213" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM GRESSWELL</persName> </hi>, 66, Laura Road, Hammersmith, wardrobe dealer. On February 24, 1908, prisoner called on me and asked me to insure my plate-glass windows; he said that three of my neighbours—Smith, Manning, and Hill—had insured with him. Alter some per
<lb/>suasion I agreed to do so. He produced a printed prospectus of some insurance company, the name of which I did not notice. We discussed the premium; he at first said it would be 36s., then 25s., and even
<lb/>tually said he would do it for £1 for the year. I paid him £1; he gave me receipt (produced), which he said would cover me for 15 days, and after that I should receive a policy. The receipt is the printed form of the London and North British Plate Glass Insurance Company, limited, and was signed by prisoner, "E. Smith, agent," in my presence. As he left he said, "Do not get then broken before I am out of the shop," giving me to understand I was insured at once. I next saw prisoner in custody. I received no policy. I found out the prisoners address, wrote to him, and received letter (produced) en
<lb/>closing a receipt of the Employers' Mutual Insurance Association of Scotland, limited, for £1 2s. I only paid a premium of £1. I had not signed any proposal of insurance.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-214" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-214" type="surname" value="INGLEDON"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-214" type="given" value="ERNEST HENRY"/>ERNEST HENRY INGLEDON</persName> </hi>, clerk to the London Plate Glass Insurance Company, 49, Queen Victoria Street. I do not know prisoner at all. We have no agent in our company named Ernest Smith. In December, 1907, we appointed an agent named Frederick Dawson—our company have never seen him. We terminated the appointment by a letter of February 27, 1908, which came back marked "Gone away." We have received two proposal forms signed by P. J. Hill, one from Lister, and one from Gemini—they are either signed by F. Dawson or E. Smith. We have received no money at all in respect of them, but we have since been communicated with by those persons to say they have paid the money</p>
<p>Cross-examined. We did not receive a letter from E. Smith saying he had taken over Dawson's business. I have seen no proposals from E. Smith received in the early part of this year. In March, 1902, we</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260060"/>
<p>had proposals from "Ford Smith." On appointing an agent we should supply him with stationery—on his application we might send him a prospectus, but nothing further until he was appointed.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I cannot trace any letters from Dawson with refer
<lb/>ence to his transferring his agency to E. Smith.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-215" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-215" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-215" type="surname" value="GRESSWELL"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-215" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM GRESSWELL</persName> </hi>, recalled. When prisoner called on February 24 he never mentioned the Mutual Insurance Association of Scotland. After receiving the form of receipt and covering note of that company within the seven days I got notice of cancellation. I am not insured in any way through the prisoner, but I have insured in the North British by paying another premium. Prisoner has not repaid me the £1 I paid him.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner did not give me his name and address—he simply represented himself to be the legitimate agent of an insurance company—he did not give me his card. I did not trouble whether it was one company or another so long as I was insured. After I paid the £1 he gave me a receipt in the name of the North British. When I wrote to the prisoner he answered me quite promptly.</p>
<p>Re-examined. It was a month before I wrote to prisoner—at that time I had received no policy from the company.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-216" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-216" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-216" type="surname" value="MAWER"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-216" type="given" value="ERNEST WILLIAM"/>ERNEST WILLIAM MAWER</persName> </hi>, managing director, London and North British Plate Glass Insurance Company, Limited, 1, Finsbury Pave
<lb/>ment. I have never seen prisoner except in the police court. He has never applied for an agency in the name of E. Smith—we have had an application from F. Dawson, which has been declined. We have had no application from prisoner to issue a policy to Gresswell, nor have we received £1 from him. Gresswell has since insured with us Exhibit 1 purports to be a form of receipt given by our company—prisoner cannot have got it legitimately—he has no right whatever to it.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I am absolutely certain prisoner never applied for an agency in the name of Smith in March, 1908. (To the Judge.) We should very much like to know how prisoner got this printed form—they are not issued to an agent until he has been appointed and after making inquiries into his bona fides.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-217" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-217" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-217" type="surname" value="SAWYER"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-217" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES SAWYER</persName> </hi>, 11, Charleville Road, West Kensington, green-grocer. On February 27, 1908, prisoner called on me and asked if I wanted to insure my windows from breakage. I asked what com
<lb/>pany he represented—he said the National—I said, "Do you mean the National Provincial, Ludgate Hill?" and he said, "Yes." I had pre
<lb/>viously insured with them. I agreed to insure my windows and lamps for 6s. 6d. which I paid prisoner. He gave me a receipt produced in the name of the National Provincial, which I believed genuine. He said I would get a policy in about a week. I saw no more of the prisoner. I waited a fortnight, applied to the company, and they said he was not their agent, and they could not acknowledge the receipt.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner did not give me his card. I saw his name was Smith from the receipt. I particularly wished to insure in the National Provincial as I had been insured with them for eight</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260061"/>
<p>years, and they had treated me very well. Prisoner gave me the receipt immediately in the shop.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-218" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-218" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-218" type="surname" value="HODGE"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-218" type="given" value="PHILIP JAMES"/>PHILIP JAMES HODGE</persName> </hi>, inspector of agents for the National Provin
<lb/>cial Plate Glass Insurance Company, limited, Ludgate Hill. I only know the prisoner from seeing him at the police court. He is not our agent. We had an application from Albert Smith—we sent the usual application form, which was sent back—he was not appointed to the agency. We did not appoint him our regular agent, but we wrote to say we would treat him as a broker, and sent a few proposal and prospectus forms—I take it receipt roduced is detached from one of the proposal forms we sent to Albert Smith. This is not our offcial receipt nor one of our receipt forms at all—the receipt is added to the proposal form.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. One of prisoner's letters is signed "E. Smith," acknowledging the receipt of the prospectus and proposal forms.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-219" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-219" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-219" type="surname" value="HAYNES"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-219" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD HAYNES</persName> </hi>, 504, Fulham Road, greengrocer. On March 10, 1908, prisoner called on me, said he was agent for the Mutual Insur
<lb/>ance Company, and offered to insure my plate glass and my pre
<lb/>mises against fire in £100, for 3s., which I paid him. He gave me receipt produced. There is no name of any company upon it—I did not notice that till afterwards. He said several of my neighbours had insured with him; it was necessary to pay the money before they forwarded the policy. He then asked me if I had got my men insured—I employ a man and a boy. I told him I had not; he said I was a silly not to have, and arranged to insure me with the Mutual Employers' Liability Association against accident to them for 6s. I paid a deposit of 3s., and he gave me receipt produced. I have received no policies. I applied to the Mutual Insurance Company; they told me they had cancelled prisoner's agency, and returned me the 3s., but I have not received the 3s. back in respect of the Employers' Liability.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have two side windows which I can insure for 1s., and prisoner told me the insurance against fire would be 2s. He did not give me his address card—only these receipts.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-220" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-220" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-220" type="surname" value="LAST"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-220" type="given" value="CECIL ARTHUR"/>CECIL ARTHUR LAST</persName> </hi>, London secretary, Employers' Mutual Associa
<lb/>tion of Scotland, 31, Palmerston House. Prisoner became an agent of my company on March 17, 1908; the agency was cancelled on March 30. On March 23 I received an unsigned proposal form in respect of Haynes for plate glass only. No money was sent. The form was returned, as the amount was not enough. It was returned to us altered to 4s. 6d., which was the proper premium for the plate glass, and we sent a covering note to E. Smith. We received no proposal with respect to Haynes's workmen nor any money in respect of it. We have repaid 3s. to Haynes. We sent receipt forms to prisoner. Exhibit 3 is a provisional cover note respecting Gresswell received from prisoner. He sent us no money in respect of it. We have repudiated liability for it.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Agents are expected to settle up their accounts monthly. Prisoner did send us proposals.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260062"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-221" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-221" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-221" type="surname" value="LISTER"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-221" type="given" value="WALTER ATTFIELD"/>WALTER ATTFIELD LISTER</persName> </hi>, Commercial Road, agent. On February 13 prisoner called on me, gave the name of E. Smith, said he was agent for the London Plate Glass Insurance Company, and asked me to insure my plate glass, which I arranged to do for 3s., and paid him that amount, for which he gave me receipt produced. I received no policy and have not had my 3s. back.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-222" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-222" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-222" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-222" type="given" value="PERCIVAL JOSEPH"/>PERCIVAL JOSEPH HILL</persName> </hi>, Chelsea, stationer. On February 24 pri
<lb/>soner called on me and asked me to insure my plate glass, which I agreed to do, for 4s. 6d., which I paid him, receiving from him re
<lb/>ceipt produced in the name of the London Plate Glass Insurance Company, signed "F. Dawson." He told me the policy would come in a few days. I have not received it, have never seen prisoner since, and have not received my money back.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I afterwards saw prisoner as he was passing my shop and asked when I should receive my policy. He said in a week or 10 days.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-223" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-223" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-223" type="surname" value="GEMINI"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-223" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL GEMINI</persName> </hi>, King's Road, Chelsea, restaurant keeper. On Feb
<lb/>ruary 13 prisoner called on me, said he represented the London Plate Glass Insurance Company, and asked me to insure my plate glass, which I agreed to do, and paid him 4s. 6d. He said the policy would be sent in a week. I have not received it.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner did not leave a card.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-224" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-224" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-224" type="surname" value="CHRISTMAS"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-224" type="given" value="ALICE"/>ALICE E. CHRISTMAS</persName> </hi>, 44. Marlborough Road, Holloway. I know prisoner by the names of Smith and Dawson as an insurance agent. I gave him a reference in the name of Dawson to the London Plate Glass Insurance Company, unfortunately. I had insured with him some time before. That was ail I knew of him.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not know anyone named Dawson with whom prisoner was associated in business. He said he had got a business and he was working it in the name of Dawson.</p>
<p>Detective
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-225" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-225" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-225" type="surname" value="KIRCHNOW"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-225" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT KIRCHNOW</persName> </hi>, T Division. I arrested prisoner on April 2 in respect of Gresswell's case. I told him the charge. He said, "I do not understand." I read the warrant to him. He said, "All right." I said, "You gave him a receipt for a company you did no✗ represent." He said, "That does not matter, I have insured him all right." At the police court prisoner said he bought the business from Dawson.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-226" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-226" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-226" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-226" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST SMITH</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). My name is Ernest Smith. I called on Greeswell in the ordinary way of business, arranged to in
<lb/>sure his plate glass, he paid me £1, and I gave him the covering note. About a week or 10 days afterwards—I cannot give dates be
<lb/>cause the police have got my papers and also the policies of the companies I represent, but I received this £1, and during that time I was appointed agent to the Scottish company and they sent me the covering note directly, which I sent on to Gresswell. I did not receive that money intending to defraud. The</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260063"/>
<p>North British Company was in connection with the business of Daw
<lb/>son. I advertised offering to take over a commission and insurance agency. Dawson came to me and introduced me to several of his customers, and I took over his business. Amongst his papers were a tremendous lot of insurance papers of different kinds and also com
<lb/>mission notes of different people whom I have not represented, and amongst them were the North British Company. Gresswell was quite satisfied to receive this covering note of the Scottish company. I went to see Sawyer and produced my printed card as an agent for insuring against accidents, plate glass, and burglary. I insured his plate glass in the company by whom I was employed as a broker. I saw Haynes and gave him a covering note in the Scottish company, for which I was properly appointed agent. I received 3s. for insuring his plate glass. Some time afterwards I saw him at his door and offered to insure his men for 6s., on account of which he paid me 3s. I did not insure him from fire—I arranged to give him a price for that. I received the money from Gemini to insure in the National Provincial, not being a properly appointed agent, I ought no doubt as broker to have handed them the money, but during that time I was not very well, having been robbed. On April 1 and 2 I appeared at this court, charging three persons with highway robbery with violence. I received the money on March 29, and directly I got back from this Court I was arrested before I had time to pay this, money. I was robbed of about £4 15s. I did not owe £5. I was robbed by three women of the money and my watch and chain. They were convicted and all sen
<lb/>tenced to six months' imprisonment. The detective who arrested me has got my pocket books, and to my knowledge he has been to several of my customers and asked them to come forward and prose
<lb/>cute me. He said there were more charges against me. The magis
<lb/>trate said he had not enough evidence to convict the prisoner and the detective said he could bring other charges. He has not brought those other people. (To the Judge.) I have known Mrs. Christmas as "Dawson" and "Smith" and have transacted business with her. I insured her son's life and her own in the Industrial and everything was satisfactory with her business.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Mrs. Christmas's sister lived with me as my housekeeper at Tollington Park, where I lived in the name of Daw
<lb/>son. My right name is Ernest Smith, but I was taking over the business of Dawson. I also lived there in the name of Smith. When I went to see Gresswell on February 24 it was immaterial to me in what com
<lb/>pany he insured. I was representing several. I was representing the London and North British as part of Dawson's business and I had been in correspondence with them. I had not been appointed agent for them as Ernest Smith. I do not know if Dawson had or not. I got the receipt form amongst Dawson's papers and gave a receipt in the name of "E. Smith" on behalf of that company. I had not authority as "Smith" to bind that company. I cannot say if I had in Dawson's name. I thought I had the right to take over that as part of his business. Before Gresswell wrote to me I sent him</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260064"/>
<p>the covering note of the Scottish company. He was not covered by me in the name of E. Smith with the North British. I told Sawyer that I repaid the National Provincial, of Ludgate Hill. I have ex
<lb/>plained I received that on March 29, and on the 31st I was up here at the Old Bailey. It escaped my memory that I received that money on February 27. It was about that time that I was laid up through having been molested when I was robbed by three women. I did not send the three sums I received from the London Plate Glass Company because I had not rendered the account.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080526-47-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-47-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-47-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty on all counts.</rs> Prisoner admitted being convicted at Winchester Assizes on November 19, 1902, in the name of Herbert Smith, when he was bound over in £150 to come up for judgment if called upon. Sentence,
<rs id="t19080526-47-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-47-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-47-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-47-19080526 t19080526-47-punishment-28"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Friday, May 29.)</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19080526-48" type="date" value="19080526"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080526-48-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-48-19080526 t19080526-48-offence-1 t19080526-48-verdict-1"/>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-48-19080526" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-48-19080526" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-48-19080526" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def1-48-19080526" type="surname" value="GARNER"/>
<interp inst="def1-48-19080526" type="given" value="STANLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-48-19080526" type="occupation" value="stockbroker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GARNER</hi>, Stanley (42, stockbroker)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-48-19080526" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-48-19080526" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-48-19080526" type="age" value="48"/>
<interp inst="def2-48-19080526" type="surname" value="ANWERA"/>
<interp inst="def2-48-19080526" type="given" value="LOUIS"/>
<interp inst="def2-48-19080526" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANWERA</hi>, Louis (48, clerk)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080526-48-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-48-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-48-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> of
<rs id="t19080526-48-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-48-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-48-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>conspiring and agreeing together to obtain by false pretences from such of His Majesty's liege subjects as should be induced to reply to their circulars for sale of shares, certain of their moneys and valuable securities, with intent to defraud them of the same.</rs> Garner also
<rs id="t19080526-48-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-48-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-48-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> of
<rs id="t19080526-48-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-48-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-48-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>obtaining several cheques by false pretences from
<persName id="t19080526-name-229" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-229" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-229" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-229" type="given" value="CONSTANCE ISABEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080526-48-offence-2 t19080526-name-229"/>Constance Isabel Hall</persName>, amounting in all to £1, 012 4s. 6d.</rs> Garner confessed to a conviction at Liverpool in 1894 for forgery and misappropriation, when he received eight years' penal servitude. Anwera confessed to having been convicted at this Court in April, 1906, receiving 12 months' hard labour.</p>
<p>Mr. Bodkin and Mr. Graham-Campbell prosecuted; Mr. George Elliott appeared for Garner; Mr. Huntly Jenkins appeared for Anwera.</p>
<p>With regard to Garner, Mr. Bodkin stated that his career had been a very bad one. He had been a solicitor in Liverpool before his conviction there, and on the expiration of his sentence of eight years he came to London and set up a business in Chancery Lane in the name of Allison, Garner and Co. He then went into bankruptcy, in the course of which transactions were brought to light which were the subject of charges at this Court, where he received 18 months' hard labour in January, 1906. Directly that sentence had expired he commenced the same course of business at a place called Coalville, in Leicestershire, and he was prosecuted for obtaining a cheque for £112 in connection with shares in the Whitwick Colliery Company. He then received three months' imprisonment. He was released on August 16, 1907, and on September 9 opened an account in the name of Ashurst, Meadows, and Co. In this name he had carried on a systematic circularisation of people who already held shares in dividend-paying companies, representing that they had instructions</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260065"/>
<p>to dispose of a certain number of shares in such companies, and sug
<lb/>gesting that the shareholder would like to increase his or her hold
<lb/>ing. In this way sums amounting to over £2, 000 were obtained, but no shares were forthcoming to the clients. A number of persons had put considerable pressure on the firm, and under that pressure £793 had been paid back. Garner stated that Anwera had merely been a clerk in the business at £2 a week, and had received no benefit from the transaction.</p>
<p>Sentences: Garner,
<rs id="t19080526-48-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-48-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-48-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-48-19080526 t19080526-48-punishment-29"/>Five years' penal servitude;</rs> Anwera,
<rs id="t19080526-48-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-48-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-48-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-48-19080526 t19080526-48-punishment-30"/>12 months' hard labour, with recommendation for deportation at expiry.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080526-49">
<interp inst="t19080526-49" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080526"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-49" type="date" value="19080526"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080526-49-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-49-19080526 t19080526-49-offence-1 t19080526-49-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080526-49-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-49-19080526 t19080526-49-offence-1 t19080526-49-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-49-19080526" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-49-19080526" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-49-19080526" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-49-19080526" type="surname" value="MCKENZIE"/>
<interp inst="def1-49-19080526" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="def1-49-19080526" type="occupation" value="valet"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">McKENZIE</hi>, Robert (35, valet)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-49-19080526" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-49-19080526" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-49-19080526" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def2-49-19080526" type="surname" value="CAMPION"/>
<interp inst="def2-49-19080526" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<interp inst="def2-49-19080526" type="occupation" value="porter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CAMPION</hi>, Alfred (21, porter)</persName>
<rs id="t19080526-49-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-49-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-49-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>; both conspiring together to commit an act of gross inde
<lb/>cency with each other, and to commit an abominable crime.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Bodkin prosecuted; Mr. Curtis-Bennett defended McKenzie.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t19080526-49-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-49-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-49-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="directed"/>At the close of Mr. Bodkin's opening the Common Serjeant said that it would not be safe to convict on the evidence to be produced, and a formal verdict of Not guilty was returned.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080526-50">
<interp inst="t19080526-50" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080526"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-50" type="date" value="19080526"/>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-50-19080526" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-50-19080526" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-50-19080526" type="surname" value="RICHARDSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-50-19080526" type="given" value="REUBEN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARDSON</hi>, Reuben</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-50-19080526" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-50-19080526" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-50-19080526" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def2-50-19080526" type="surname" value="STAGGS"/>
<interp inst="def2-50-19080526" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def2-50-19080526" type="occupation" value="horsekeeper"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">STAGGS</hi>, Henry (26, horsekeeper)</persName>
<rs id="t19080526-50-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080526-50-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-50-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/>; both feloniously receiving a horse and cart and harnees, value £27, the property of
<persName id="t19080526-name-234" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-234" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-234" type="surname" value="HARDING"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-234" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080526-50-offence-1 t19080526-name-234"/>John Harding</persName>, well knowing the same to have been stolen.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Warburton defended Richardson.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-235" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-235" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-235" type="surname" value="HARDING"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-235" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HARDING</persName> </hi>, 21, Wordsworth Road, Wealdstone, Harrow, dealer. I deal in anything, horses, etc. I have premises also at Bushey. On April 22 I let out a horse and cart to a man named George Steers, who is a cripple. I next saw the horse and cart on April 28 at Hunter Street Police Station. The cart has cost me £14 or £15, and the harness £4. Everything was in a good state when I saw it on April 22. I gave £3 10s. for the horse.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Warburton. I have lived at 21, Words
<lb/>worth Road for two months. I have always been in Wealdstone, but had not stopped at nights. I lived at Bushey before that. I could hardly tell you when I bought the cart; I have had it about 12, months. I bought it from a Mr. Martin; he lived at Harrow. I gave him £4 and another cart for it, which I had had for two or three months, and for which I gave £5. I gave Mr. Sims, of Wat
<lb/>ford, £3 10s. to have the cart done up and the wheels put on. They are cab wheels; it is a two-wheeled cart. The wheels coat a lot more than £3. I do not know the name of the man I bought the wheels from. I have looked for Steers, but have not seen him. I deal in iron, metal, and anything of that sort. I am not licensed to deal in metal. I have not got a shop, nor any name up. I am in lodgings, for which I pay 5s. and keep myself. I have a s✗able in Harrow where I store my carts. I pay 3s. a week rent. I can store 12 or 14 there, and ponies also. There are two big cart sheds. I turn my ponies out to graze in a building field. I have a stable for them when I want to work them; that all goes in with the 3s. rent.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190805260066"/>
<p>I have no banking account. £3 10s. is not a fair price for the cart and harness. I bought the harness from a man at Chesham; I have no receipt for it. I bought it five or six months ago. It was not broken, but it might have been covered with mud.</p>
<p>Re-examined. The rents in Harrow are a good deal cheaper than in London; 3s. a week for a stable is an ordinary price in Harrow. The ground where I turn my horses on to is sometimes occupied by gipsies; you see horses grazing there every day. (To the Judge.) The cart was a spring one.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-236" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-236" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-236" type="surname" value="BEASLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-236" type="given" value="CHRISTOPHER"/>CHRISTOPHER BEASLEY</persName> </hi>, 290 E. On April 27 I was in Wakefield Mews, St. Pancras, at 7.30 p.m., when I saw Richard
<lb/>son, who said, "What are the 'tecs' doing down here to-night?" I said I did not know, and he went on, "I feel a bit frightened; I bought a cart and harness for £3." He told me he bought it from a lame man and had a receipt. He took me to his coachhouse and showed me the cart. I took the name and address on the cart and said that I should report it. The name and address was, "J. Harding, Bushey, Herts." If anyone wanted the cart it might be bought for £20; if a man wanted to sell it perhaps it would fetch half. I saw the harness, which was in fair condition. I did not notice any string on it. The cart was newly painted and thoroughly done up; it may have been a new one.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-237" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-237" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-237" type="surname" value="HARDING"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-237" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HARDING</persName> </hi>, recalled, Cross-examined by Staggs. The pony had a lump on his knee, but he was none the worse for it; he went sound. I do not know which knee it was. It was not in a shocking con
<lb/>dition. I have driven the pony for 13 miles, and he is at work every day now. I drove him from Clerkenwell Police Court to Bushey. The man I lent the pony to said he wanted it to take him to London to get £300. I never told you that Steers had done five years. (To the Judge.) I did have a drink with the prisoners across the road, but I said nothing like that to them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-238" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-238" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-238" type="surname" value="BEASLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-238" type="given" value="CHRISTOPHER"/>CHRISTOPHER BEASLEY</persName> </hi>, recalled, Cross-examined by Mr. Warburton. I know Richardson very well. When he spoke to me was five days after the pony was stolen. The cart was pushed right at the back of the coachhouse. When I told Richardson I should report it he said, "Thank you." The cart was taken possession of the same night. Richardson showed me the receipt produced, which is for £3 for a cart received from Jack Harding. He told me he had bought some harness, and said that he had given £3 for the lot. I asked him where the pony was, and he said it was down the mews somewhere.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Staggs. You were in the station talking to the inspector when I arrived there. I could hear you were talking about the pony; that is all. This was between 7.30 and eight o'clock.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080526-name-239" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080526-name-239" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-239" type="surname" value="STEVENS"/>
<interp inst="t19080526-name-239" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE STEVENS</persName> </hi>, G Division. On April 27 I went to 16, Wakefield Mews, which is Richardson's stable, shortly after eight p.m. I told him I was making inquiries about a horse and cart which was stolen on the 22nd inst., and that I believed he had it. He said, "It is no good for me to deny it because the constable has seen it. I bought