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<p>1908, FEBRUARY.</p>
<p>Vol. CXLVIII.] Part 880.</p>
<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</p>
<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>BELL, MAYOR.</p>
<p>FOURTH SESSION,</p>
<p>HELD FEBRUARY 4TH, 1908, AND FOLLOWING DAYS.</p>
<p>MINUTES OF EVIDENCE,</p>
<p>TAKEN IN SHORTHAND BY</p>
<p>
<persName id="t19080204-name-1">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-1" type="surname" value="WALPOLE"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-1" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WALPOLE</persName>,</p>
<p>Shorthand Writer to the Court.</p>
<p>POINTS OF LAW AND PRACTICE</p>
<p>EDITED BY</p>
<p>R. F. GRAHAM-CAMPBELL, ESQUIRE,</p>
<p>OF THE INNER TEMPLE.</p>
<p>[Published by Annual Subscription.]</p>
<p>LONDON:</p>
<p>
<persName id="t19080204-name-2">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-2" type="surname" value="WALPOLE"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-2" type="given" value="GEO"/>GEO. WALPOLE</persName>, 1, NEW COURT, LINCOLN'S INN, W.C.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040002"/>
<p>PRINTED BY</p>
<p>THE ARGUS PRINTING COMPANY, LIMITED,</p>
<p>CORNER OF TUDOR STREET AND TEMPLE AVENUE,</p>
<p>LONDON, E.C.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040003"/>
<p>THE</p>
<p>WHOLE PROCEEDINGS</p>
<p>On the King's Commission of</p>
<p>OYER AND TERMINER AND GAOL DELIVERY</p>
<p>FOR</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>AND GAOL DELIVERY FOR THE</p>
<p>COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX, AND THE PARTS OF THE COUNTIES OF ESSEX, KENT, AND SURREY WITHIN THE JURISDICTION</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT,</p>
<p>Held on Tuesday, February 4th, 1908, and following days.</p>
<p>Before the Right Hon. Sir
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-3" type="surname" value="BELL"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-3" type="given" value="JOHN CHARLES"/>JOHN CHARLES BELL</persName> </hi>, Knight, Alderman,
<hi rend="largeCaps">LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; the Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-4" type="surname" value="PHILLIMORE"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-4" type="given" value="WALTER GEORGE FRANK"/>WALTER GEORGE FRANK PHILLIMORE</persName> </hi>, Bart., one of the Justices of His Majesty's High Court; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-5" type="surname" value="SAVORY"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-5" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH SAVORY</persName> </hi>, Bart., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-6" type="surname" value="DAVIES"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-6" type="given" value="HORATIO"/>HORATIO DAVIES</persName> </hi>, Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-7" type="surname" value="POUND"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-7" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN POUND</persName> </hi>, Bart., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">T. VANSITTART BOWATER</hi>, Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-8" type="surname" value="KNILL"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-8" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN KNILL</persName> </hi>, Bart., and Capt.
<hi rend="smallCaps">W.C. SIMMONS</hi>, Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">FORREST FULTON</hi>, Knight, K.C., Recorder of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-9" type="surname" value="BOSANQUET"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-9" type="given" value="FREDERICK ALBERT"/>FREDERICK ALBERT BOSANQUET</persName>, K.C</hi>., Common Serjeant of the said City; His Honour Judge
<hi rend="smallCaps">RENTOUL, K.C</hi>., Commissioner, His Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General and General Gaol Delivery holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-10" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-10" type="surname" value="BURNETT"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-10" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID BURNETT</persName> </hi>, Esq., Alderman</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CHARLES CHEERS WAKEFIELD</hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-11" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-11" type="surname" value="ALGAR"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-11" type="given" value="CLAUDIUS GEORGE"/>CLAUDIUS GEORGE ALGAR</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-12" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-12" type="surname" value="LANGTON"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-12" type="given" value="JOSEPH DAVID"/>JOSEPH DAVID LANGTON</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
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<p>1908.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BELL, MAYOR. FOURTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RECORDER</hi>.</p>
<p>(Tuesday, February 4.)</p> </div1>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-1-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-1-19080204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-1-19080204" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-1-19080204" type="surname" value="COLEMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-1-19080204" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>
<interp inst="def1-1-19080204" type="occupation" value="tinsmith"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COLEMAN</hi>, Michael (28, tinsmith)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080204-1-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-1-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-1-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> of
<rs id="t19080204-1-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-1-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-1-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>stealing two cardboard boxes and two dozen ladies' underskirts, the goods of the
<persName id="t19080204-name-14" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-14" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-1-offence-1 t19080204-name-14"/>London and North-Western Railway Company</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner admitted having been convicted at the Central Criminal Court on July 23, 1906, for stealing a horse, Van, and contents. Five other convictions for van robberies were proved.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080204-1-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-1-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-1-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-1-19080204 t19080204-1-punishment-1"/>Three years' penal servitude</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="def1-2-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-2-19080204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-2-19080204" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-2-19080204" type="surname" value="MINTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-2-19080204" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-2-19080204" type="occupation" value="engineer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MINTON</hi>, George (38, engineer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080204-2-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-2-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-2-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> of
<rs id="t19080204-2-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-2-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-2-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>stealing two postal orders, value 20s., the property of the
<persName id="t19080204-name-16" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-16" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-2-offence-1 t19080204-name-16"/>Postmaster-General</persName>; feloniously demanding of and receiving from the Postmaster-General the sum of 19s. by virtue of a certain forged instrument, to wit, a Savings Bank deposit book, knowing the same to be forged and altered.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner admitted having been convicted at Gloucester Assizes on February 12, 1904, receiving three years' penal servitude for forgery. Four other convictions for larceny and obtaining were proved.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080204-2-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-2-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-2-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-2-19080204 t19080204-2-punishment-2"/>Three years' penal servitude</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="def1-3-19080204" type="defendantName">
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<interp inst="def1-3-19080204" type="age" value="39"/>
<interp inst="def1-3-19080204" type="surname" value="BRITTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-3-19080204" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-3-19080204" type="occupation" value="postman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BRITTON</hi>, William Henry (39, postman)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080204-3-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-3-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-3-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> of
<rs id="t19080204-3-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-3-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-3-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>steal
<lb/>ing one post letter containing the sum of 7s. 6d., the goods of the
<persName id="t19080204-name-18" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-18" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-3-offence-1 t19080204-name-18"/>postmaster-General</persName>, he being employed under the Post Office.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner had been in the Post Office service 24 years, had received two good conduct stripes, was receiving 46s. a week, and would shortly be entitled to a pension.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080204-3-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-3-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-3-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-3-19080204 t19080204-3-punishment-3"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-4-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-4-19080204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19080204" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19080204" type="surname" value="RUSSELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19080204" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19080204" type="occupation" value="photographer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RUSSELL</hi>, George (40, photographer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080204-4-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-4-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-4-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> of
<rs id="t19080204-4-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-4-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-4-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>stealing one card and other articles, the goods of
<persName id="t19080204-name-20" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-20" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-20" type="surname" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-20" type="given" value="VIVIAN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-4-offence-1 t19080204-name-20"/>Vivian Samuel</persName>; being found by night having in his possession, without lawful excuse, a certain implement of house-breaking, to wit, one jemmy; stealing one watch, the goods of
<persName id="t19080204-name-21" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-21" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-21" type="surname" value="BARNS"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-21" type="given" value="WILLIAM EVERARD CECIL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-4-offence-1 t19080204-name-21"/>William Everard Cecil Barns</persName>.</rs> </p>
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<p>Prisoner admitted having been convicted at Birmingham on July 18, 1901, for larceny. receiving eight months' hard labour. Eleven other convictions, going back to 1889, were proved.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080204-4-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-4-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-4-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-4-19080204 t19080204-4-punishment-4"/>20 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-5-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-5-19080204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19080204" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19080204" type="surname" value="STEVENS"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19080204" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19080204" type="occupation" value="tailor"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">STEVENS</hi>, George (22, tailor)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-5-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-5-19080204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-5-19080204" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def2-5-19080204" type="surname" value="FULLERTON"/>
<interp inst="def2-5-19080204" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def2-5-19080204" type="occupation" value="coster"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FULLERTON</hi>, William (19, coster)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080204-5-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-5-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-5-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> of
<rs id="t19080204-5-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-5-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-5-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>breaking and entering the shop of
<persName id="t19080204-name-24" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-24" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-24" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-24" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-5-offence-1 t19080204-name-24"/>Henry Hill</persName> and stealing therein two metal watches, his goods; maliciously damaging by night a plate-glass window, value £10, the goods of
<persName id="t19080204-name-25" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-25" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-25" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-25" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-5-offence-1 t19080204-name-25"/>Henry Hill</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Stevens admitted having been, convicted on February 14, 1906, at Newington Sessions, receiving six months for larceny and shop-breaking. Four other similar convictions were proved.</p>
<p>Sentence: Fullerton,
<rs id="t19080204-5-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-5-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-5-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="otherInstitution"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-5-19080204 t19080204-5-punishment-5"/>Two years under the Borstal system</rs>; Stevens,
<rs id="t19080204-5-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-5-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-5-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-5-19080204 t19080204-5-punishment-6"/>18 months' imprisonment, without hard labour, with an in
<lb/>timation that he be dealt with at Wormwood Scrubbs under the Borstal system, if possible.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-6-19080204" type="defendantName">
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<hi rend="largeCaps">STONE</hi>, Henry James Raymond (27, postman)</persName>,
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<interp inst="t19080204-6-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> of
<rs id="t19080204-6-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-6-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-6-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>stealing a post packet containing 5s. and certain postage stamps; and a post packet containing one pair of eye-glasses and one leather case, the property of the
<persName id="t19080204-name-27" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-27" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-6-offence-1 t19080204-name-27"/>Postmaster-General</persName>, he being employed under the Post Office.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080204-6-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-6-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-6-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-6-19080204 t19080204-6-punishment-7"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080204-7">
<interp inst="t19080204-7" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080204"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-7" type="date" value="19080204"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080204-7-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-7-19080204 t19080204-7-offence-1 t19080204-7-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080204-7-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-7-19080204 t19080204-7-offence-1 t19080204-7-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-7-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-7-19080204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19080204" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19080204" type="surname" value="WIFFEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19080204" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19080204" type="occupation" value="carman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WIFFEN</hi>, Charles (34, carman)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-7-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-7-19080204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-7-19080204" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def2-7-19080204" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="def2-7-19080204" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def2-7-19080204" type="occupation" value="packer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BAKER</hi>, George (28, packer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080204-7-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-7-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-7-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> of
<rs id="t19080204-7-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-7-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-7-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>breaking and entering the shop of the
<persName id="t19080204-name-30" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-30" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-7-offence-1 t19080204-name-30"/>Non-Tread-over Boot Company, Limited</persName>, and stealing therein three boots, their goods.</rs> </p>
<p>Baker admitted being convicted at Guildhall on October 16, 1905, receiving five months for stealing and wilful damage. Another con
<lb/>viction was proved.</p>
<p>Sentences: Baker,
<rs id="t19080204-7-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-7-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-7-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-7-19080204 t19080204-7-punishment-8"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>; Wiffen,
<rs id="t19080204-7-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-7-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-7-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-7-19080204 t19080204-7-punishment-9"/>Nine months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080204-8">
<interp inst="t19080204-8" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080204"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-8" type="date" value="19080204"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080204-8-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-8-19080204 t19080204-8-offence-1 t19080204-8-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-8-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-8-19080204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19080204" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19080204" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19080204" type="given" value="CLARENCE ALBERT"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19080204" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CLARK</hi>, Clarence Albert (30, labourer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080204-8-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-8-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-8-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> of
<rs id="t19080204-8-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-8-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-8-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>break
<lb/>ing and entering the Eton Mission Working Men's Club and stealing therein 18 cups, value £100, the goods of
<persName id="t19080204-name-32" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-32" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-32" type="surname" value="COLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-32" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-8-offence-1 t19080204-name-32"/>Joseph Coley</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner also admitted having been convicted at North London Police Court on December 5, 1905, receiving six months' hard labour for stealing. Prisoner had refused to give any assistance to the police with a view to the recovery of the articles.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080204-8-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-8-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-8-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-8-19080204 t19080204-8-punishment-10"/>Three years' penal servitude</rs>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Tuesday, February 4)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080204-9">
<interp inst="t19080204-9" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080204"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-9" type="date" value="19080204"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080204-9-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-19080204 t19080204-9-offence-1 t19080204-9-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080204-9-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-9-19080204 t19080204-9-offence-1 t19080204-9-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080204-9-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-9-19080204 t19080204-9-offence-1 t19080204-9-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-9-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-9-19080204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19080204" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19080204" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19080204" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19080204" type="occupation" value="wood stainer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILSON</hi>, John (22, wood stainer)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-9-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-9-19080204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-9-19080204" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def2-9-19080204" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="def2-9-19080204" type="given" value="JOHN WALTER"/>
<interp inst="def2-9-19080204" type="occupation" value="miner"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILSON</hi>, John Walter</persName> (26, miner), and
<persName id="def3-9-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-9-19080204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-9-19080204" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def3-9-19080204" type="surname" value="BAX"/>
<interp inst="def3-9-19080204" type="given" value="DAVID"/>
<interp inst="def3-9-19080204" type="occupation" value="servant"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BAX</hi>, David (32, servant)</persName>
<rs id="t19080204-9-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-9-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-9-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>; all breaking and entering the shop of
<persName id="t19080204-name-36" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-36" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-36" type="surname" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-36" type="given" value="VIVIAN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-9-offence-1 t19080204-name-36"/>Vivian Samuel</persName>, and stealing therein six pocket knives, his goods; all maliciously damaging one plate glass window, value £15, the goods of Vivian Samuel.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040007"/>
<p>Mr. E. A. Hume prosecuted.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">EDWARD MEE</hi>, 674 City. On January 28, at about 10 minutes past one a.m., I was on duty in Queen Victoria Street and saw prisoners. I sent for assistance, and in company with Detective Shouard and Constable Thompson kept them under observation for 40 minutes. They were walking up and down the street and loiter
<lb/>ing suspiciously near the shop of Mr. Samuel. At 2.10 there was a sudden crash and I saw the three prisoners close round one of the windows of 26, Victoria Street. I ran out from my place of con
<lb/>cealment and arrested John Walter Wilson with six Swedish pocket
<lb/>knives in his hand. I did not see who threw the stone.</p>
<p>To prisoner Bax. It is not usual for men to loiter at that corner at that time of the morning waiting for the man, who comes from the East End with tickets for bread end butter.</p>
<p>Detective-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN SHOUARD</hi> gave similar evidence and de
<lb/>posed also to seeing prisoner John Wilson throw a stone through the plate-glass window. The prisoners had been standing between Buck
<lb/>lersbury and Pancras Lane. He arrested John Wilson and took him to the station. When charged, he said, "Cannot get any work; must do something" Two stones were found in the shop. Witness was about 25 yards away when the stone was thrown by John Wilson. The streets were brightly lighted, and he could see a distance of from 100 to 200 yards.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN THOMPSON</hi>, 667 City, spoke to seeing John Wilson throw something at the window, and at the tame time the glass went smash. Witness took Bax into custody and asked him what he broke the window for. Bax replied, "There are none round here only what is covered up." Two stones were found in the shop which appeared to have been brought from a distance, probably from the Mile End Road, where work in connection with the electric trams is going forward.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-37" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-37" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-37" type="surname" value="PLUME"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-37" type="given" value="PIRCY"/>PIRCY PLUME</persName> </hi>, manager to Messrs. Samuel and Co., identified the knives as the property of his employers, and assessed their value at 1s. each.</p>
<p>Bax, called upon for his defence, pointed out that he was not seen to throw the stone, nor was anything found on him, and said he had no money for a bed and was waiting about for the man with bread tickets.</p>
<p>Verdict, all
<rs id="t19080204-9-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-9-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-9-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>. Previous convictions against the two Wilsons were proved. Against Bax nothing was known.</p>
<p>Sentences: The Wilsons, each,
<rs id="t19080204-9-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-9-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-9-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-19080204 t19080204-9-punishment-11"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-9-19080204 t19080204-9-punishment-11"/>six months' hard labour</rs>; Bax,
<rs id="t19080204-9-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-9-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-9-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-9-19080204 t19080204-9-punishment-12"/>One month's bard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080204-10">
<interp inst="t19080204-10" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080204"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-10" type="date" value="19080204"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080204-10-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-19080204 t19080204-10-offence-1 t19080204-10-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-10-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-10-19080204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19080204" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19080204" type="surname" value="HUHERNA"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19080204" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19080204" type="occupation" value="mechanic"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HUHERNA</hi>, George (22, mechanic)</persName>
<rs id="t19080204-10-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-10-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-10-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>; breaking and entering a place of Divine worship, to wit, St. Stephen the Martyr Church,Hampstead, and stealing therein the sum of 5s. 8d., the moneys of the churchwardens of the said church.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040008"/>
<p>Mr. E.A. Hume prosecuted.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">MARK SIMPSON</hi>, 171S. On December 30 I was on duty in Avenue Road, Hampstead, and on passing the Church of St. Stephen the Martyr, at about 10.30 p.m., I noticed that the door was a little bit open. I pushed it open further, when two men rushed out and knocked against me. I gave chase, and caught prisoner, who was one of the men, in St. James's Terrace, a distance of about half a mile. I questioned him, and he said he did not understand Eng
<lb/>lish. I took him to the police-station, where I found on him 4s. in silver and 11d.in bronze. Some of the money was very sticky, and there was also a sticky substance on the end of prisoners stick. I am positive prisoner is the man I pursued from the church. I only lost sight of him momentarily as he was turning the corner.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-39" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-39" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-39" type="surname" value="HAMPTON"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-39" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK HAMPTON</persName> </hi>, verger. On December 30 I locked up the church just after seven o'clock. Just before 11 I was summoned to the church and found the vestry door had been broken open. On light
<lb/>ing up I found the alms box fixed inside the vestibule south door had been broken open. Underneath the box I found that the grating over the hot waiter pipes had been pulled away, and there was 6d. in the opening. I imagine that the coin had dropped down and the grating had been pulled away to facilitate getting at it. There was money in the box, which had not been opened for five months. The money was collected for charitable purposes, and distributed by the churchwardens, Mr. Frederick Morgan and Mr. Frederick Whinney, Avenue Road, Hampstead. I found the poor box had also been tampered with. I got the keys from the churchwardens in the morn
<lb/>ing. The other boxes had not been forced, but there was some sticky substance in the aperture at the top of the boxes. While I was with the vicar and the detective a jemmy was found in one of the pews, and the next night, after the watch night service, I found another one, which corresponded with some marks on a cupboard in the vestry, where our registers and some other things are kept. I think I saw prisoner in company with another man a week previous to the robbery in the vicinity of the church by the west door, which is at right angles to the south door. I ordered them away, as no one has any right to be in the Avenue after service hours. I saw prisoner searched at the police station. There was sticky stuff on some of the coins found on him.</p>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK BOWDEN</hi>. On December 31 I ex
<lb/>amined the church of St. Stephen the Martyr and found the vestry door had been forced. On searching inside I found the jemmy pro
<lb/>duced in the aisle close to the box that was broken open. I com
<lb/>pared the jemmy with the marks on the vestry door and found they corresponded exactly. I examined the collection boxes and found a sticky substance upon them. There was also sticky substance of a similar nature on the coins found on prisoner.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080204-10-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-10-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-10-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040009"/>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">BOWDEN</hi> said he asked prisoner at Marylebone Police Court, through an interpreter, if he had anyone who could speak for him, but he declined to give the name of anybody. He applied to the French police for his photograph and description, and was informed in answer that he was a man who was easily led away, but nothing was known to his detriment. A week previous to this offence St. Mary's Church, Hamilton Terrace, was broken into, and the jemmy marks there corresponded with those on the cupboard in the Church of St. Stephen.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080204-10-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-10-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-10-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-19080204 t19080204-10-punishment-13"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>, prisoner to be recommended for deportation at the expiration of the sentence. An order was made for the restoration to the churchwardens of the money found on prisoner.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080204-11">
<interp inst="t19080204-11" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080204"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-11" type="date" value="19080204"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080204-11-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-19080204 t19080204-11-offence-1 t19080204-11-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080204-11-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-11-19080204 t19080204-11-offence-1 t19080204-11-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-11-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-11-19080204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19080204" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19080204" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19080204" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19080204" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BROWN</hi>, Thomas (30, labourer)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-11-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-11-19080204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-11-19080204" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def2-11-19080204" type="surname" value="WHATMOUGH"/>
<interp inst="def2-11-19080204" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def2-11-19080204" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WHATMOUGH</hi>, John (36, labourer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080204-11-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-11-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-11-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> of
<rs id="t19080204-11-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-11-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-11-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>breaking and entering the shop of
<persName id="t19080204-name-42" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-42" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-42" type="surname" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-42" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-11-offence-1 t19080204-name-42"/>Henry Samuel</persName>, and stealing therein six clocks, his goods. Brown denied an indictment for a previous conviction in 1906 at Cardiff, which was, however, proved by
<persName id="t19080204-name-43">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-43" type="surname" value="DAVIES"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-43" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>Detective Alfred Davies</persName>, of the police force of that city. There was also a long list of other convictions against Brown, but against Whatmough nothing was known.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentences: Brown,
<rs id="t19080204-11-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-11-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-11-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-19080204 t19080204-11-punishment-14"/>Five years' penal servitude</rs>; Whatmough,
<rs id="t19080204-11-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-11-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-11-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-11-19080204 t19080204-11-punishment-15"/>15 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080204-12">
<interp inst="t19080204-12" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080204"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-12" type="date" value="19080204"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080204-12-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-19080204 t19080204-12-offence-1 t19080204-12-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-12-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-12-19080204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19080204" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19080204" type="surname" value="MURDOCH"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19080204" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19080204" type="occupation" value="seaman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MURDOCH</hi>, George (26, seaman)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080204-12-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-12-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-12-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> of
<rs id="t19080204-12-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-12-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-12-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>breaking and entering the office of
<persName id="t19080204-name-45" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-45" type="surname" value="LANDMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-45" type="given" value="ROBERT JOSEPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-12-offence-1 t19080204-name-45"/>Robert Joseph Landman</persName>, in Seething Lane, and stealing therein one banker's cheque book, his goods; also con
<lb/>fessed to a previous conviction.</rs> Sentence,
<rs id="t19080204-12-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-12-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-12-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-19080204 t19080204-12-punishment-16"/>18 months' hard labour</rs>.</p>
<p>Before Mr.
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUSTICE PHILLIMORE</hi>.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, February 5.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080204-13">
<interp inst="t19080204-13" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080204"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-13" type="date" value="19080204"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080204-13-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-19080204 t19080204-13-offence-1 t19080204-13-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-13-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-13-19080204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19080204" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19080204" type="surname" value="BORNER"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19080204" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19080204" type="occupation" value="physician"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BORNER</hi>, Frederick (35, physician)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080204-13-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-13-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-13-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> of
<rs id="t19080204-13-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-13-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-13-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="illegalAbortion"/>feloniously using certain instruments and other means upon
<persName id="t19080204-name-47" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-47" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-47" type="surname" value="BOKERMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-47" type="given" value="HENA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-13-offence-1 t19080204-name-47"/>Hena Bokerman</persName> with intent to procure her miscarriage.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080204-13-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-13-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-13-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-19080204 t19080204-13-punishment-17"/>Seven years' penal servitude</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080204-14">
<interp inst="t19080204-14" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080204"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-14" type="date" value="19080204"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080204-14-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-19080204 t19080204-14-offence-1 t19080204-14-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-14-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-14-19080204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19080204" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19080204" type="surname" value="ARGUS"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19080204" type="given" value="MORRIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19080204" type="occupation" value="tailor"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARGUS</hi>, Morris (27, tailor)</persName>
<rs id="t19080204-14-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-14-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-14-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>; assaulting
<persName id="t19080204-name-49" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-49" type="surname" value="ARGUS"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-49" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-14-offence-1 t19080204-name-49"/>Samuel Argus</persName> (his son) with intent to commit an abominable crime; committing an act of gross indecency with him, and indecently assaulting him, a male person.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Bodkin prosecuted. Mr. W.H. Sands defended.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080204-14-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-14-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-14-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>. Sentence,
<rs id="t19080204-14-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-14-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-14-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-19080204 t19080204-14-punishment-18"/>Six years' penal servitude</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080204-15">
<interp inst="t19080204-15" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080204"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-15" type="date" value="19080204"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080204-15-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19080204 t19080204-15-offence-1 t19080204-15-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-15-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-15-19080204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19080204" type="surname" value="BOULTER"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19080204" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BOULTER</hi>, Harry</persName>
<rs id="t19080204-15-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-15-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-15-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>; speaking blasphemous and profane words to people in a public place.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Bodkin prosecuted. Mr. Atherley-Jones, K.C., M.P., and Mr. J.A. Theobald defended.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-51" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-51" type="surname" value="JENKINS"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-51" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM JENKINS</persName> </hi>, Superintendent of Police, N Division, said that his district embraced Highbury Corner, where on Sunday mornings</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040010"/>
<p>various speakers discoursed on different subjects. At this spot three roads converged, and a great many people on fine mornings congre
<lb/>gated to hear the speakers. People in the adjacent private houses could also hear them. Prisoner used to have a raised stand, on which he stood. Under an Act of Parliament, the Commissioner of Police granted a permit to prisoner to make street collections up to Novem
<lb/>ber last, but not since. On December I witness saw prisoner at the spot in question addressing about 200 people, and heard him speak some of the words (in a loud voice) which are deposed to by Redman. Witness also saw prisoner hold up a picture, which he could not see distinctly, and at the same time prisoner said, "Foote got 12 months for publishing this in 1883," and, pointing to the picture, made com
<lb/>ments thereon. Witness also deposed to seeing prisoner on December 8 and 15, when language similar to that on the previous occasion was used.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I had not attended prisoner's meetings before December 1. I knew he had addressed meetings at Highbury Corner for about 12 months before then. The meetings were, as a rule, quite orderly.</p>
<p>To the Judge. On December 15 prisoner indicated that his sub
<lb/>ject would be "The Salvation Army and Sweating," and a good deal of his discourse related to that.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">PETER REDMAN</hi>, 347 N, produced shorthand notes which he had taken at Highbury Corner on December 1, 8, and 15, of prisoner's speeches, when the following were among the words used, "I am going to poison all you young men this morning. I don't believe Jesus Christ ever lived or was. I am out to ridicule this foolish superstition. The people are sick to death of Christianity, and they come here for something else. I said the God of your Bible was an immoral old savage. I call the God of your Bible an immoral old savage. If I knew a man believed Christianity I would kill him. They drink their Christianity in Scotch. Here you will notice the people come out of church, and as soon as the church doors shut the pub opens. Their motto should be, 'Come unto me all who are beery and I will send you home heavily laden.' I put common sense in the place of Christianity. I don't believe in Noah and his blooming ark. People some years ago spoke loud, thinking God would hear them. They thought he was only up over the telegraph wires. Campbell calls God, 'Simple and silly.' Your God of the Bible is an immoral savage. There is no criminal in your gaols to-day who is so heartless as your Jehovah of the Jews." Other remarks were made ridiculing the nativity of Christ.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not take the whole of the speech, only parts.</p>
<p>Inspector
<hi rend="smallCaps">SIDNEY SMITH</hi>, Islington, said that he arrested prisoner (on December 19 outside his house in Fairbank Street), who said, "Who initiated the proceedings? It must have been a private per
<lb/>son." I said that I had done so. I laid the information. Prisoner was taken to the station.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040011"/>
<p>(Thursday, February 6.)</p>
<p>Prisoner was not called in defence.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080204-15-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-15-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-15-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Mr. Atherley-Jones asked his lordship to state a case on the point as to whether a direction of the late Lord Coleridge in R.
<hi rend="italic">v.</hi> Foote and others (15 Cox) was the test as to whether or not the words charged against prisoner constituted in law blasphemous libel, and secondly as to whether the circumstances in which the words were uttered, whereby they could be heard by passers by, including children, and might tend to a breach of the peace, should affect the question of law as to whether it was or not blasphemous libel. He also referred to an article on the subject by the late Mr. Justice Stephen.</p>
<p>Mr. Justice Phillimore declined to state a case.</p>
<p>(Saturday, February 8.)</p>
<p>
<rs id="t19080204-15-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-15-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-15-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19080204 t19080204-15-punishment-19"/>Prisoner was released on his recognisances in £50 to come up for judgment if called upon, after giving the following undertaking: "I do hereby express my sincere regret for the utterance of the expres
<lb/>sions attributed to and found against me, and I promise that I will not at any meeting in public attack Christianity or the Scriptures in the language for which I have been found guilty, or in any similar lan
<lb/>guage, or in any language calculated to shock the feelings or outrage the belief of the public.</rs>"</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE RECORDER</hi>.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, January 5.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080204-16">
<interp inst="t19080204-16" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080204"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-16" type="date" value="19080204"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080204-16-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-19080204 t19080204-16-offence-1 t19080204-16-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-16-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-16-19080204" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19080204" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19080204" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19080204" type="given" value="TALBOT"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19080204" type="occupation" value="billiard marker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHNSON</hi>, Talbot (37, billiard marker)</persName>
<rs id="t19080204-16-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-16-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-16-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>; forging and uttering, knowing the same to be forged and uttered, certain receipts for goods, to wit, receipts for empty baskets and boxes to the value of £2 1s. and £1 17s. respectively, in each case with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Walter Frampton prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-53" type="surname" value="THWAITES"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-53" type="given" value="JOHN HENRY"/>JOHN HENRY THWAITES</persName> </hi>, salesman, Covent Garden Market. My shop is opposite the shop of Parsons, Limited, there being a passage running between the two, and I can see from my shop into Parsons' shop and see the cashier's desk there. I have seen prisoner hanging about in the market and looking into Parsons' shop. On Tuesday, January 7, I saw him about for upwards of an hour; he went into Parsons' shop and I made a communication to their cashier. On Thursday, January 9, I saw him again, after waiting some time, go into Parsons' shop at about 11.30 a.m. He presented a ticket and drew some money on both occasions. I again communicated with the cashier. I have seen him receive money in the same way on other occasions.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner was loitering about for about an hour. I usually saw him between 9.45 and 11.45.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-54" type="surname" value="CHAMPION"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-54" type="given" value="EDWIN PERCY"/>EDWIN PERCY CHAMPION</persName> </hi>, director of Parsons, Limited, fruit brokers, Covent Garden. My firm charge for boxes and baskets, and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040012"/>
<p>when the empties are returned a ticket is given, which is cashed by the cashier. Ticket produced, No. 9681, was issued on January 7 for one basket, Is., according to the counterfoil, which I produce. There is added to it "10 baskets at 2s." and "eight baskets at 2s. 6d.," making £2, and the amount has been altered to £2 Is. The ticket has been presented and that amount been paid. Thwaites made a communication to me on January 7, and again on January 9, in con
<lb/>sequence of which I spoke to my cashier. At the same time I ex
<lb/>amined ticket 9681. On January 9 I was sent for and found prisoner detained in the shop. He had presented ticket 9698 produced, which purported to show that there had been one basket returned at ls., eight at 2s., and eight at 2s. 6d., making a total of £1 17s. Counter
<lb/>foil of that ticket is for the basket at Is., the additional £1 16s. of value having been added. I said to prisoner, "You have been at this game long enough," sent for a constable, and gave him into custody. I have gone through my accounts for the purpose of ascer
<lb/>taining to what extent these tickets have been altered.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-55" type="surname" value="CHAMPION"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-55" type="given" value="OSMOND GEORGE"/>OSMOND GEORGE CHAMPION</persName> </hi>, cashier at Parsons, Limited. I am a cousin of the last witness, and have been cashier since October, 1907. I recognise prisoner as having been in the shop several times to cash tickets for empties. On January 9 he presented ticket No. 9681, and I paid him £2 1s., believing it to be genuine. The last witness afterwards gave me certain instructions. The next day prisoner presented ticket No. 9698 showing 37s. due, which I paid him, and sent for Mr. Champion, my director. I detained prisoner, and he was given into custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-56" type="surname" value="ARDLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-56" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE ARDLEY</persName> </hi>, clerk in returned empties department, Parsons, Limited. I issue tickets to persons who return empties. Nos. 9681 and 9698 were both issued by me for one basket, 1s. I recognise my writing, and the counterfoil shows it. Both have additions in another and similar handwriting—the first of 10 baskets at 2s. and eight at 2s. 6d., making it £2 1s., and the second of eight baskets at 2s. and eight at 2s. 6d., making it £1 17s. I do not know the pri
<lb/>soner. Both tickets are dated January 9, 1908, and were issued at about an hour's interval between them.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">FRANK HAMILTON</hi>, 247 E. On January 10 I was sent for to Parsons, Limited, and saw the prisoner. Mr. Champion explained what had been done, produced these tickets, and gave pri
<lb/>soner into custody. Prisoner said nothing in reply to the charge. On the next day, as he was waiting to go into court, he stated he had been to the shop on several occasions. He said, "I have been there about five times, that is all." He owned to being there the day before, and said he had received 2s. from another man, but he would not state the amount he received from the desk. When searched £1 17s. 8 1/2 d. was found upon him.</p>
<p>Prisoner's statement: I say that I distinctly deny that that hand
<lb/>writing is mine. I am quite innocent if there was any alteration in the tickets. I have not been in the market for the last 12 months</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040013"/>
<p>until the last two or three weeks, and then only five times. I had to go through the market on my way to the hospital in Queen's Square for paralysis, I having lost the use of my right arm. I was unable to write because of the paralysis. I have no witnesses to call.</p>
<p>Prisoner handed in a statement to the effect that both his hands were rendered practically useless by paralysis, that the tickets were not and could not have been altered by him, that he presented them believing them to be perfectly genuine, he receiving a shilling or two for his trouble from a man who employed him. He denied that he had been waiting in the market the time stated.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080204-16-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-16-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-16-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>Guilty of felonious uttering</rs>.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080204-16-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-16-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-16-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-19080204 t19080204-16-punishment-20"/>Nine months' hard labour</rs>. 37s. of the money found on prisoner ordered to be returned to the prosecutors.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080204-17">
<interp inst="t19080204-17" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080204"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-17" type="date" value="19080204"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080204-17-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-19080204 t19080204-17-offence-1 t19080204-17-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080204-17-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-17-19080204 t19080204-17-offence-1 t19080204-17-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-17-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-17-19080204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19080204" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19080204" type="surname" value="MCDONALD"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19080204" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19080204" type="occupation" value="van boy"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">McDONALD</hi>, James (18, van boy)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-17-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-17-19080204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-17-19080204" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def2-17-19080204" type="surname" value="BECKWITH"/>
<interp inst="def2-17-19080204" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def2-17-19080204" type="occupation" value="van boy"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BECKWITH</hi>, William (18, van boy)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080204-17-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-17-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-17-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> of
<rs id="t19080204-17-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-17-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-17-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>stealing from a postal letter-box a post letter and feloniously receiving same.</rs> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t19080204-17-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-17-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-17-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-19080204 t19080204-17-punishment-21"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-17-19080204 t19080204-17-punishment-21"/>Sentence postponed till next Session, prisoners to remain in cus
<lb/>tody</rs>, the Court Missionary, Mr. Scott-France, undertaking to en
<lb/>deavour to find them employment.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080204-18">
<interp inst="t19080204-18" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080204"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-18" type="date" value="19080204"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080204-18-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-19080204 t19080204-18-offence-1 t19080204-18-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-18-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-18-19080204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19080204" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19080204" type="surname" value="MCCARTHY"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19080204" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19080204" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">McCarthy</hi>, Edward (18, labourer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080204-18-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-18-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-18-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> of
<rs id="t19080204-18-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-18-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-18-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>robbery with violence on
<persName id="t19080204-name-60" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-60" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-60" type="surname" value="JENNER"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-60" type="given" value="CONSTANCE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-18-offence-1 t19080204-name-60"/>Constance Jenner</persName>, and stealing from her one hand
<lb/>bag and other articles, her goods.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080204-18-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-18-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-18-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-19080204 t19080204-18-punishment-22"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080204-19">
<interp inst="t19080204-19" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080204"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-19" type="date" value="19080204"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080204-19-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-19-19080204 t19080204-19-offence-1 t19080204-19-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-19-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-19-19080204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19080204" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19080204" type="surname" value="WALKER"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19080204" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19080204" type="occupation" value="fireman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALKER</hi>, George (37, fireman)</persName>
<rs id="t19080204-19-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-19-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-19-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>; stealing one half chest of tea, the goods of
<persName id="t19080204-name-62" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-62" type="surname" value="DONALDSON"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-62" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-19-offence-1 t19080204-name-62"/>William Donaldson</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. C. Harvard Pierson prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-63" type="surname" value="KETTERINGHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-63" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST KETTERINGHAM</persName> </hi>, carman to William Donaldson, Crutched Friars. On January 23, 1908, I was in Crutched Friars with my van; there were several vans of Donaldson's there. I was ordered by the manager to take four half cheats of tea from my van to another van a short distance away. Having removed one chest, I returned to get the other three and found one had been taken. I looked down the road, and saw a man carrying something. I followed him and caught the prisoner in John Street, Minories, with the half chest of tea on this back. I asked him what he was going to do with the half chest of tea. I said, "That half chest of tea belongs to me." I took the half chest from him and brought him back to my van. I reported it to my manager, Mr. Baldwin, who gave prisoner into custody. The value of the half cheat of tea is £3 12s. (To the Judge.) Prisoner said nothing. When I asked him for the half chest of tea he handed it over to me and walked quietly back with me.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not see prisoner take the tea. Prisoner said some man had asked him to carry it up the road and was going to give him a drink. When I caught hold of prisoner, he said,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040014"/>
<p>"Let go of my arm, I will walk quietly down the road." He did not say, "I have no fear of walking down with you."</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK DOLLIMORE</hi>, 864 City. I took the pri
<lb/>soner into custody. When charged he made no reply.</p>
<p>Prisoner's statement: I was walking along the street when a car
<lb/>man came out and asked me if I wanted a job. I said, "Yes." He said, "Carry this chest of tea to the corner of the Minories for me." He lifted it from the cart on to my shoulders. I went towards the Minories, and when I had got to the corner of John Street this carman came up to me and asked me where I was going. I told him the carman asked me to carry it to the corner of the Minories. He said, "That chest of tea belongs to me." He took it, and caught hold of me and said, "Come back along with me." I said. "You need not catch hold of me, I will come back." He let me go, and I walked back with him and looked round for the carman, but could not find him.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080204-19-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-19-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-19-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Prisoner admitted having been convicted at Rochester Quarter Sessions on April 2, 1906, receiving two sentences of six months' for burglary and house
<lb/>breaking. He had also had 12 months under the Prevention of Crimes Act.</p>
<p>Sentence.
<rs id="t19080204-19-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-19-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-19-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-19-19080204 t19080204-19-punishment-23"/>Three years' penal servitude</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080204-20">
<interp inst="t19080204-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080204"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-20" type="date" value="19080204"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080204-20-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-19080204 t19080204-20-offence-1 t19080204-20-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-20-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-20-19080204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19080204" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19080204" type="surname" value="BREWER"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19080204" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19080204" type="occupation" value="bootmaker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BREWER</hi>, James (25, bootmaker)</persName>
<rs id="t19080204-20-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-20-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-20-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/>; feloniously receiving 10 silver brushes and five silver mirrors, the goods of
<persName id="t19080204-name-65" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-65" type="surname" value="FREEMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-65" type="given" value="CHARLES HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-20-offence-1 t19080204-name-65"/>Charles Henry Free
<lb/>man</persName>; 10 dozen braces, the goods of
<persName id="t19080204-name-66" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-66" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-66" type="surname" value="DYMOCK"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-66" type="given" value="CAROLINE ELIZA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-20-offence-1 t19080204-name-66"/>Caroline Eliza Dymock</persName>; six pieces of cloth, the goods of
<persName id="t19080204-name-67" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-67" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-67" type="surname" value="MOUNSEY"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-67" type="given" value="JAMES DIXON"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-20-offence-1 t19080204-name-67"/>James Dixon Mounsey</persName>; two gross of Stylo pens, the goods of
<persName id="t19080204-name-68" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-68" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-68" type="surname" value="SHAND"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-68" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-20-offence-1 t19080204-name-68"/>George Shand</persName>, in each case well knowing them to have been stolen.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Burnie prosecuted; Mr. Purcell appeared for prisoner.</p>
<p>Prisoner
<rs id="t19080204-20-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-20-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-20-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>pleaded guilty to receiving two gross of Stylo pens</rs>; the other charges were not proceeded with.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080204-20-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-20-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-20-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-19080204 t19080204-20-punishment-24"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080204-21">
<interp inst="t19080204-21" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080204"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-21" type="date" value="19080204"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080204-21-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-19080204 t19080204-21-offence-1 t19080204-21-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-21-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-21-19080204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19080204" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19080204" type="surname" value="AYLOTT"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19080204" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19080204" type="occupation" value="french polisher"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">AYLOTT</hi>, Henry (37, french polisher)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080204-21-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-21-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-21-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> of
<rs id="t19080204-21-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-21-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-21-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t19080204-name-70" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-70" type="surname" value="FRANCIS"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-70" type="given" value="JAMES EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-21-offence-1 t19080204-name-70"/>James Edward Francis</persName>, and stealing therein one coat and one cap, his, goods.</rs> </p>
<p>The police stated that prisoner had been in respectable employment for 22 years, bore an excellent character, and had acted under the influence of drink in committing the offence.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080204-21-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-21-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-21-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-19080204 t19080204-21-punishment-25"/>Three days' imprisonment</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080204-22">
<interp inst="t19080204-22" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080204"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-22" type="date" value="19080204"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080204-22-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-19080204 t19080204-22-offence-1 t19080204-22-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-22-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-22-19080204" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19080204" type="surname" value="ROWE"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19080204" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROWE</hi>, Annie</persName>,
<rs id="t19080204-22-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-22-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-22-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> of
<rs id="t19080204-22-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-22-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-22-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>stealing and embezzling from
<persName id="t19080204-name-72" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-72" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-72" type="surname" value="STARK"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-72" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-22-offence-1 t19080204-name-72"/>Elizabeth Stark</persName>, her mistress, 10s. 6d. and two sums of 6d.</rs>
<rs id="t19080204-22-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-22-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-22-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-19080204 t19080204-22-punishment-26"/>Sentence postponed until next Session.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080204-23">
<interp inst="t19080204-23" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080204"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-23" type="date" value="19080204"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080204-23-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-19080204 t19080204-23-offence-1 t19080204-23-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080204-23-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-23-19080204 t19080204-23-offence-1 t19080204-23-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080204-23-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-23-19080204 t19080204-23-offence-1 t19080204-23-verdict-2"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-23-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-23-19080204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19080204" type="age" value="45"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19080204" type="surname" value="GRAY"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19080204" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19080204" type="occupation" value="painter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GRAY</hi>, John (45, painter)</persName>;
<persName id="def2-23-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-23-19080204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-23-19080204" type="surname" value="FRISBY"/>
<interp inst="def2-23-19080204" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="def2-23-19080204" type="occupation" value="french polisher"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FRISBY</hi>, Charles</persName> (french polisher);
<persName id="def3-23-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-23-19080204" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def3-23-19080204" type="surname" value="FRISBY"/>
<interp inst="def3-23-19080204" type="given" value="ADA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FRISBY</hi>, Ada</persName>; all
<rs id="t19080204-23-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-23-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-23-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t19080204-name-76" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-76" type="surname" value="FOX"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-76" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-23-offence-1 t19080204-name-76"/>Thomas Fox</persName> and stealing therein three dozen umbrellas and other articles, his goods; receiving same, well knowing them to have been stolen.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Cornes prosecuted.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040015"/>
<p>Thomas Fox, 4, Barnsbury Park, Islington, umbrella maker. On January 15 I closed my shop at 9.45 p.m. and left it safe. I live on the premises. At 7.45 a.m. the next morning I found that the door leading into the shop parlour had been forced open, the place in disorder, about three dozen umbrellas taken from the shop window, and a number of sticks missing of the value of £5 or £6. The thieves had entered from the back, forced the kitchen window, come up the staircase, and forced the back door leading into the shop. I have since seen the goods at the Upper Street Police Station and identify the bundle produced as mine. I should like to express my thanks to the police for the kind attention they paid to the case and the promptness with which they acted.</p>
<p>Detective
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES BUTT</hi>, N Division. On January 16, at 7.15, I saw the three prisoners in Cannon Street and followed them to 29, Albert Street, Islington. The prisoners entered, and five minutes afterwards I followed with three other officers. I said, "I want to inquire about some umbrellas that have been stolen." Gray said, "I do not know anything at all about it; I do not live here." Charles Frisby said, "Neither do I. The woman said, pointing to Frisby, "His name is Charles Brown." Gray said, "I live at Cyrus Street." He did not know the number. I asked who rented the room. Ada Frisby said, "I do—my husband is away." I know that Charles and Ada Frisby are not husband and wife; they cohabit together. I called in a boy that lives in the house and asked him if he knew either of them. He said, "I know that man," pointing to Frisby. "He lives here." I searched the room and found a bundle of umbrellas (produced) in the corner. Gray walked across the room to a cup
<lb/>board and dropped the jemmy (produced), Which Sergeant Tanner picked up. I found on Gray a skeleton key (produced). The pri
<lb/>soners did not state where they got the umbrellas. None of them made any reply to the charge. Charles and Ada Frisby admitted they both lived there. I do not know where Gray lives.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Gray. When I came up the stairs the door was open. You stood in the room fully dressed, with your hat on. You then sat on a chair near the door.</p>
<p>To C. Frisby. I say you are not married to Ada Frisby, because I believe her husband is alive. When I came into the room I heard you whistling out into the street. There were two men outside the house.</p>
<p>Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">TOM TANNER</hi>, N Division. I went into the room with the last witness and saw the three prisoners. While Butt was searching the room Gray, who was sitting at the end of the bed on a chair, walked across the room and dropped jemmy produced from his right hand on to the coals in the coal cupboard. I said, "What are you doing there?" He said, "I only went there for a light." I then picked up the jemmy. After the arrest I went to Fox's premises and found marks on the doors corresponding with this jemmy.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040016"/>
<p>Cross-examined by Gray. When you crossed the room I was stand
<lb/>ing near the door, the cupboard being on the right. I saw the jemmy drop from your right hand. I did not see where you took the jemmy from.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I know that Charles and Ada Frisby occupy the room. My information is that they are not married.</p>
<p>Statement of prisoners. Charles Frisby: On Thursday morning, the 16th inst. I returned home at 1.30 a.m. the worse for drink. At about two a.m. I heard someone whistling outside my house. I looked out of the window and saw two men I was slightly acquainted with. They motioned for me to go down. I went to the door and they said to me, "Mind these for us," at the same time handing me a large parcel. I said, "What is it?" One of them replied, "It is all right, only we are not going home yet and we do not want to carry them about with us." I took the parcel upstairs and went to bed. I was awakened by my wife at 7.30 a.m., who asked me if I had any paper to light the fire with. I told her to take the paper from the parcel that had been left with me. She did so, and then asked me whose umbrellas they were. I said I was minding them for someone. I then took the remainder of the paper off the parcel myself, and in doing so I found the jemmy in the middle of the umbrellas. I wanted to break some coal, and, having no hammer, I used it, leaving it amongst the coal, where it was found by the police.</p>
<p>The Recorder here said that he did not think it would be safe to convict Ada Frisby. It was not clear that she was not Frisby's wife; if she were the doctrine of coercion would apply.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-77" type="surname" value="GRAY"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-77" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN GRAY</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). About a quarter to seven I met the two other prisoners in Penton Street and asked Frisby to lend me a bit of silver. He said he would if I came upstairs, which I did. I stood at the open door with my hat on for about two minutes, when the detectives came up. I went round to them on the landing, and they said, "We have come to see about some umbrellas that have been stolen." I said, "I know nothing about it." They said. "Well, we are going to search round." They dragged me into the room and sat me down in the corner. They searched the room; one of them found the jemmy in the cupboard and handed it to Sergeant Tanner before they had anything to do with me whatever. I went across the room to turn down the light and they stopped me. (To the Judge.) The other two prisoners will prove that the jemmy was there the day before I came there.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I am a painter and do not need a jemmy. Frisby is an acquaintance of mine. I did not tell the detectives about the silver, because I did not think they could charge me. I do not live there and am not concerned with the goods being there. I do not understand being charged with burglary with no evidence of when it was committed and nothing being brought home. There is no</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040017"/>
<p>connection between the burglary and my standing at that room door. When I was taken to the police station I offered to tell the detectives all I knew about it, but when they were saying I crossed the room with the tool and were trying to twist it on me I declined to say. I spoke to Butt. I did not say this before the magistrate, "What is the good of telling the story before the magistrate and letting the police know what defence you are going to make?"</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-78" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-78" type="surname" value="FRISBY"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-78" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES FRISBY</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath) repeated in substance his state
<lb/>ment before the magistrate.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I do not use a jemmy in my trade. I did not know what it was until the police told me. The men who left the parcel with me are two brothers, named Tom and Harry Berry. I have not called them to give evidence because I cannot find out where they live. I thought they were two commission agents. My name is not Charles Brown. I did not live at Rowton House. I am legally married to Ada Frisby.</p>
<p>Verdict. Gray and Charles Frisby,
<rs id="t19080204-23-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-23-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-23-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>; Ada Frisby,
<rs id="t19080204-23-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-23-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-23-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Gray admitted having been convicted at North London on June 28, 1904. A number of convictions for housebreaking, etc., were proved—of five years, seven years, seven years, 12 months, 12 months, five years, etc., going back 38 years. Charles Frisby admitted having been convicted a this Court on July 27, 1907, of housebreaking, when he was released on recognisances as a first offender.</p>
<p>Sentences. Gray,
<rs id="t19080204-23-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-23-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-23-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-19080204 t19080204-23-punishment-27"/>Three years' penal servitude</rs>; Frisby,
<rs id="t19080204-23-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-23-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-23-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-23-19080204 t19080204-23-punishment-28"/>18 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080204-24">
<interp inst="t19080204-24" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080204"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-24" type="date" value="19080204"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080204-24-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-24-19080204 t19080204-24-offence-1 t19080204-24-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-24-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-24-19080204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19080204" type="surname" value="RENNIE"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19080204" type="given" value="RODERICK LOGAN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RENNIE</hi>, Roderick Logan</persName>,
<rs id="t19080204-24-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-24-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-24-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> of
<rs id="t19080204-24-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-24-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-24-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>obtaining credit in incurring a debt for £100 to
<persName id="t19080204-name-80" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-80" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-80" type="given" value="JOHN VINING ELLIOT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-24-offence-1 t19080204-name-80"/>John Vining Elliot Taylor</persName>; forging and uttering a bill of exchange for £120, with intent to defraud
<persName id="t19080204-name-81" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-81" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-81" type="surname" value="TUMIN"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-81" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-24-offence-1 t19080204-name-81"/>Samuel Tumin</persName>; forging and uttering a bill of exchange for £50, with intent to defraud the
<persName id="t19080204-name-82" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-82" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-24-offence-1 t19080204-name-82"/>Midland Discount Company</persName>; obtaining by false pre
<lb/>tences from
<persName id="t19080204-name-83" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-83" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-83" type="surname" value="TUMIN"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-83" type="given" value="SAUL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-24-offence-1 t19080204-name-83"/>Saul Tumin</persName> the sum of £23 11s. 1d.; from the Midland Discount Company, £30; and from the
<persName id="t19080204-name-84" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-84" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-24-offence-1 t19080204-name-84"/>Staffordshire Financial Com
<lb/>pany</persName> a banker's cheque and order for the payment of £160, in each case with intent to defraud; forging and uttering a certain document with intent to defraud the said Staffordshire Financial Company.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence.
<rs id="t19080204-24-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-24-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-24-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-24-19080204 t19080204-24-punishment-29"/>Three years' penal servitude</rs>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, February 5.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080204-25">
<interp inst="t19080204-25" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080204"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-25" type="date" value="19080204"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080204-25-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-19080204 t19080204-25-offence-1 t19080204-25-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-25-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-25-19080204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19080204" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19080204" type="surname" value="GLADWELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19080204" type="given" value="HORACE ERNEST"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19080204" type="occupation" value="driller"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GLADWELL</hi>, Horace Ernest (32, driller)</persName>
<rs id="t19080204-25-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-25-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-25-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, indicted for robbery with violence on
<persName id="t19080204-name-86" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-86" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-86" type="surname" value="VINEY"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-86" type="given" value="MARY ELIZABETH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-25-offence-1 t19080204-name-86"/>Mary Elizabeth Viney</persName> and stealing from her one bag and the sum of £4 3s. 8d.; pleaded guilty of robbery without violence.</rs>
<rs id="t19080204-25-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-25-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-25-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/> </rs> </p>
<p>It appearing that prisoner had good characters from his employers and had been discharged only through slackness of work, the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040018"/>
<p>Recorder communicated with officers of the Church Army with a view to finding him employment and
<rs id="t19080204-25-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-25-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-25-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-19080204 t19080204-25-punishment-30"/>prisoner was ordered to come up for judgment on March 31</rs>, when the Church Army will make a report on his conduct during the interval.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080204-26">
<interp inst="t19080204-26" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080204"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-26" type="date" value="19080204"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080204-26-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-19080204 t19080204-26-offence-1 t19080204-26-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-26-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-26-19080204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19080204" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19080204" type="surname" value="STOCKTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19080204" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19080204" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">STOCKTON</hi>, George (32, labourer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080204-26-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-26-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-26-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> of
<rs id="t19080204-26-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-26-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-26-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19080204-name-88" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-88" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-88" type="surname" value="WEST"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-88" type="given" value="MARTHA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-26-offence-1 t19080204-name-88"/>Martha West</persName>, his wife being then alive.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080204-26-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-26-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-26-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-19080204 t19080204-26-punishment-31"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080204-27">
<interp inst="t19080204-27" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080204"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-27" type="date" value="19080204"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080204-27-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-27-19080204 t19080204-27-offence-1 t19080204-27-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-27-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-27-19080204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19080204" type="age" value="56"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19080204" type="surname" value="PEAD"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19080204" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19080204" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PEAD</hi>, Alfred (56, labourer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080204-27-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-27-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-27-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> of
<rs id="t19080204-27-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-27-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-27-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assaultWithIntent"/>attempting to car
<lb/>nally know
<persName id="t19080204-name-90" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-90" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-90" type="surname" value="COX"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-90" type="given" value="ALICE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-27-offence-1 t19080204-name-90"/>Alice Cox</persName>, a girl above the age of 13 years and under the age of 16 years.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080204-27-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-27-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-27-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-27-19080204 t19080204-27-punishment-32"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080204-28">
<interp inst="t19080204-28" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080204"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-28" type="date" value="19080204"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080204-28-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28-19080204 t19080204-28-offence-1 t19080204-28-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-28-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-28-19080204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19080204" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19080204" type="surname" value="BELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19080204" type="given" value="WILLIAM ALVIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19080204" type="occupation" value="carpenter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BELL</hi>, William Alvin (26, carpenter)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080204-28-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-28-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-28-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> of
<rs id="t19080204-28-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-28-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-28-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>stealing one gold watch, the goods of
<persName id="t19080204-name-92" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-92" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-92" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-92" type="given" value="LILLYAN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-28-offence-1 t19080204-name-92"/>Lillyan Brown</persName>; stealing one gold watch, the goods of
<persName id="t19080204-name-93" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-93" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-93" type="surname" value="BERTOLD"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-93" type="given" value="MARIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-28-offence-1 t19080204-name-93"/>Marie Bertold</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080204-28-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-28-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-28-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28-19080204 t19080204-28-punishment-33"/>15 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080204-29">
<interp inst="t19080204-29" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080204"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-29" type="date" value="19080204"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080204-29-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-29-19080204 t19080204-29-offence-1 t19080204-29-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-29-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-29-19080204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19080204" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19080204" type="surname" value="CHINNERY"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19080204" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19080204" type="occupation" value="traveller"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LORD</hi>, Charles Chinnery (21, traveller)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080204-29-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-29-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-29-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> of
<rs id="t19080204-29-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-29-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-29-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>obtain
<lb/>ing by false pretences from T. and H. Cotton and Co., Limited, of Huddersfield, goods value £111 13s.; from Herbert and Co., Limi
<lb/>ted, of Slough, goods value £70; and from
<persName id="t19080204-name-95" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-95" type="surname" value="LATIMER"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-95" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-29-offence-1 t19080204-name-95"/>Thomas Latimer</persName>, Brad
<lb/>ford, goods value £24 19s., in each case with intent to defraud; in incurring certain debts and liabilities to the several amounts of £111 13s., £70 and £24 19s., did unlawfully obtain credit by false pretences and by means of fraud other than false pretences.</rs> Accord
<lb/>ing to the statement of counsel for the prosecution prisoner was engaged in long-firm frauds of considerable ramifications, and, it appearing that he was not the principal offender, the Common Ser
<lb/>jeant sentenced him to
<rs id="t19080204-29-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-29-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-29-punishment-34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-29-19080204 t19080204-29-punishment-34"/>five months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080204-30">
<interp inst="t19080204-30" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080204"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-30" type="date" value="19080204"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080204-30-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-19080204 t19080204-30-offence-1 t19080204-30-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-30-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-30-19080204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19080204" type="age" value="44"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19080204" type="surname" value="WOODGET"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19080204" type="given" value="JONATHAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19080204" type="occupation" value="bookbinder"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WOODGET</hi>, Jonathan (44, bookbinder)</persName>
<rs id="t19080204-30-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-30-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-30-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>; feloniously wounding
<persName id="t19080204-name-97" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-97" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-97" type="surname" value="WOODGET"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-97" type="given" value="ROSE EMMA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-30-offence-1 t19080204-name-97"/>Rose Emma Woodget</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Wimpfheimer prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-98" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-98" type="surname" value="WOODGET"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-98" type="given" value="EMMA"/>EMMA WOODGET</persName> </hi>. I have been married to prisoner 25 years. He has been a thorough good husband. Since about August he has been suffering from pains in the head and has been under medical treatment for some time. On the morning of January 27 I was sitting against my kitchen table reading, and I called to him, "Jack, come and have a look at the paper. It is a sight." He said, "Yes," and that is all I remember, but he has been such a kind, dear hus
<lb/>band to me. I felt that he hit me on the back of the head, and I remember wrestling with him. I screamed, and Mr. Hamilton, who lives next door but one, came in.</p>
<p>To the Common Serjeant. When I called to my husband he was in the washhouse. There was a chopper against the gas-stove in the corner. I did not see it in his hand.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-99" type="surname" value="HAMILTON"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-99" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT HAMILTON</persName> </hi>. At about 11.30, on the morning of January 27, I heard a scream, and my wife called out to me, "That is Woodgets."</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040019"/>
<p>I went to prisoner's house and knocked at the door. Getting no answer, I knocked again. My wife brought out our key knowing that it would fit their door. I rushed in, hearing a terrible noise at the back, a gurgling, as if someone was trying to scream. Pushing open the kitchen door I found Mrs. Woodget on the floor and pri
<lb/>soner on the top of her with a hatchet in the right hand and holding her by the throat with the other. I put my left arm round his neck and with my right hand seized the arm holding the chopper, and threw him over on to the sofa. I said, "What are you doing?" He did not seem able to speak for a second, and then said, "What have I done? What have I done?" I have known him about 12 years. In my opinion he is a very respectable man and I think everybody thanks the same. I have noticed that he has been strange in his manner, and have noticed him walking along the street as if he did not want to speak to anybody. That is the reason I ran in because I thought he might have gone mad. I believe he works at Straker's, and had been at work up to this day as far at I know. At that time of the morning he should have been, at work. He was queer, and I understood the doctor told him ho had better have a couple of weeks' rest.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I had been at home four days the week previously. To the Common Serjeant. I never heard of any. complaint of his ill-treating his wife. I never heard him quarrelling with her.</p>
<p>Constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">STEPHEN FOSTER</hi>, 5 LR. I was called to Mr. Hamilton's house on January 27 about noon, and found Mrs. Woodget bleeding very profusely from a wound on the left side of her head. I asked her how she came by that, and she said, "My husband has just done it with a chopper." I did not actually see the wound as she had an apron over it. I said, "Do you wish to charge him?" She said, "No; I do not want him looked up. He is not right in his mind." I said, "Where is he?" She said, "Next door hut one." I went in to No. 5, and found prisoner sitting in a chair, looking very strange, and being held by the left hand by Hamilton. I said to him, "What have you been doing to your wife?" He replied, "What have I done?" I said, "You have cut her head open." I took him to the station and charged him. He made no reply.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-100" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-100" type="given" value="FREDERICK JAMES PORTER"/>FREDERICK JAMES PORTER SMITH</persName> </hi>, surgeon, East Street, Walworth. I attend prisoner's wife and family. On January 27 I was called to attend Mrs. Woodget. I found she had three large scalp wounds. She has a large quantity of hair on the top of the head, which was clotted with blood. I first found two large scalp wounds on the left side of the head. I dressed those for the time being. Then, at the request of the police-constable, I went to the Rodney Road Police Station and described the wounds. I said I should prefer them to take her back with me to the surgery and examine her further. I then found another large wound at the anterior part of the scalp. All the wounds were what one would call "severe" wounds, but not dan
<lb/>gerous. I have dressed the wounds repeatedly, and they are going on</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040020"/>
<p>very well. They might become dangerous wounds, as one has to think of erysipelas. The skin in each case was broken, but the wounds did not penetrate to the bone. The wounds might have been caused by the chopper produced. There was hair on it corresponding to the hair on Mrs. Woodget's head. I saw prisoner coming out of No. 5, Hatherton Street in charge of a constable. He appeared to be very dejected and depressed. I had heard of prisoner being a little bit strange in his manner. I was not called in; I was not his medical attendant.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-101" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-101" type="surname" value="BROOKS"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-101" type="given" value="FRANCIS WILLIAM"/>FRANCIS WILLIAM BROOKS</persName> </hi>, physician, 149, Walworth Road. Pri
<lb/>soner was attending at my surgery before this happened for treatment for pains in the head and debility. I think, in view of the assault, this was probably an attack of epileptic mania, which is a thing that comes on quite suddenly, and an attack may come on without the patient having previously suffered from epilepsy. I saw him about four days before the assault and told him he had better have a rest.</p>
<p>Prisoner, asked if he wished to say anything in defence, said he did not remember doing it and had no animosity against his wife He had been with his present firm for 30 years without a stain on his character. For some time he had suffered with his head and had been under several doctors. How this affair came about he did not know. It was blank to him until he was taken hold of by his neigh
<lb/>bour, Hamilton. Fortunately, he struck his wife with the back of the chopper and not with the sharp edge.</p>
<p>Dr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">SCOTT</hi>, medical officer, Brixton Prison, considered prisoner insane, and that he probably was so some time before being taken into custody. There was a great chance that under proper treatment pri
<lb/>soner might get right.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080204-30-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-30-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-30-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="insane"/>Guilty, but irresponsible</rs>.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t19080204-30-punishment-35" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-30-punishment-35" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-30-punishment-35" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="insanity"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-19080204 t19080204-30-punishment-35"/>The Common Serjeant ordered that prisoner be detained during the King's pleasure</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080204-31">
<interp inst="t19080204-31" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080204"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-31" type="date" value="19080204"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080204-31-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-31-19080204 t19080204-31-offence-1 t19080204-31-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-31-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-31-19080204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19080204" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19080204" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19080204" type="given" value="GEORGE ALBERT"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19080204" type="occupation" value="joiner"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SMITH</hi>, George Albert (38, joiner)</persName>
<rs id="t19080204-31-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-31-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-31-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>; feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19080204-name-103" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-103" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-103" type="surname" value="MARKSWORTH"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-103" type="given" value="FLORENCE JULIA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-31-offence-1 t19080204-name-103"/>Florence Julia Marksworth</persName>, his wife being then alive.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. A.F.S. Passmore prosecuted.</p>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE COLE</hi>, X Division, produced the cer
<lb/>tificate of marriage between Ernest Egbert Isaac Body and Annie Elizabeth Alexander, at St. Anne's Church, Wandsworth, on March 5, 1892, and the certificate of marriage between George Albert Smith, bachelor, and Florence Julia Marksworth, on June 20, 1898 Witness added: On January 12 I went to Fifth Avenue, Kilburn Lane, where I saw prisoner. I asked him if has name was George Albert Smith, and he said, "Yes." I then told him I was a police officer, and should take him into custody for bigamy with Miss Marksworth in 1898. He said, "This is awkward; I did not expect it. I suppose what is to be will be. Who has given the informa
<lb/>tion?" I conveyed him to Kilburn Police Station, where I showed him the two certificates, and charged him. He said, "I quite under
<lb/>stand the charge."</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040021"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-104" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-104" type="surname" value="ALEXANDER"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-104" type="given" value="WILLIAM ALFRED"/>WILLIAM ALFRED ALEXANDER</persName> </hi> gave evidence of the marriage of his sister to prisoner on March 5, 1892, and stated that he signed the register. They lived together for 15 months at Putney Bridge, and after that his sister went into service at Sevenoaks and is still alive.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-105" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-105" type="surname" value="MARKSWORTH"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-105" type="given" value="FLORENCE JULIA"/>FLORENCE JULIA MARKSWORTH</persName> </hi>, 17, Harvest Road, Kilburn. I made prisoner's acquaintance in 1896, when he came to our house to live. He called himself George Albert Smith, and I always knew him as a single man. He never told me he had a wife. We were married on June 20 at the Registrar's Office, Lavender Hill. He described himself as "Albert Smith, bachelor." We lived together till 1905, when, as the result of inquiries, I found he had been married before. When I taxed him with it he made no remark. I have had three children by him, of whom two are living.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. I admit I knew you had been living with a woman and had had a child by her. I was in the family way by you when I married you, but I do not want this to get into the papers. I have my living to get and two children to keep, and this may go against me. I think it is rather cowardly, knowing how I am situated. (To the Court.) After I left him he sent me money for twelve months but not continuously, as part of the time he was out of work.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. The allowance was stopped because I refused to return to live with you.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-106" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-106" type="surname" value="BODY"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-106" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>ELLEN BODY</persName> </hi>, Merton Road, Wandsworth, prisoners sister-in-law. Prisoner introduced Florence Marksworth to me before he went through the form of marriage with her. She asked me whether he was a married man. I said, "Before I answer that question what is he to you?" She said, "Nothing." I said, "Are you fond of him?" She replied, "We are all fond of him." I said, "He is a married man." She said, "Is his wife alive or dead?" and I said, "I do not know, as I have never seen or heard from her from the hour they separated." After the separation prisoner lived with me until he went to lodge with the Marksworths in 1896. Prisoner has always been called "George Body," though his Christian names are Ernest Egbert Isaac. He assumed his mother's maiden name of Smith about 14 years ago after an upset with has father. Verdict,
<rs id="t19080204-31-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-31-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-31-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">COLE</hi> stated that the separation from the first wife was in consequence of prisoner's drinking habits. He drank very heavily, but was a good workman, and was generally in work, earning good money. To the support of the two children of the second wife he had contributed nothing for 18 months. When in drink he was a very violent man. Sentence,
<rs id="t19080204-31-punishment-36" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-31-punishment-36" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-31-punishment-36" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-31-19080204 t19080204-31-punishment-36"/>Four months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080204-32">
<interp inst="t19080204-32" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080204"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-32" type="date" value="19080204"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080204-32-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-32-19080204 t19080204-32-offence-1 t19080204-32-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080204-32-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-32-19080204 t19080204-32-offence-1 t19080204-32-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-32-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-32-19080204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19080204" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19080204" type="surname" value="COBB"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19080204" type="given" value="ALFRED ARTHUR"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19080204" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COBB</hi>, Alfred Arthur (37, labourer)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-32-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-32-19080204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-32-19080204" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def2-32-19080204" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="def2-32-19080204" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>
<interp inst="def2-32-19080204" type="occupation" value="confectioner"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">TAYLOR</hi>, Ernest (29, confectioner)</persName>
<rs id="t19080204-32-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-32-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-32-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>; both robbery with violence on
<persName id="t19080204-name-109" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-109" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-109" type="surname" value="MEREDITH"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-109" type="given" value="EDITH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-32-offence-1 t19080204-name-109"/>Edith Meredith</persName>, and stealing from her one ring and the sum of 12s. 6d.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Gathorne Hardy prosecuted; Mr. Purcell defended Taylor.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040022"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-110" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-110" type="surname" value="MEREDITH"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-110" type="given" value="EDITH"/>EDITH MEREDITH</persName> </hi>, employed as an ironer at Peckham. On January 25, about half-past six, I was leaving the "Globe" public-house, Hill Street. I said "Good night" to a friend outside, and after I had gone about six steps I received a blow at the back of the neck and one on the side of the face from Taylor. Taylor then held me while Cobb dragged the money out of my hands and continued to hold me until he thought Cobb was out of sight. I afterwards missed my ring. Cobb went to a stable in the Peckham Park Road and Taylor jumped on a bus and left. I went to the stable to see if I could get in, but it was locked inside. A friend of father's coming along said the best thing I could do was to go to the police station, and I did so. Afterwards I identified prisoners. I recovered my ring. On the Monday morning, at half-past eight, I had passed four men stand
<lb/>ing at the corner of Sumner Road and Commercial Road and the ring came rolling after me and hit the wall. I picked it up and ran home and told mother.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I was with a girl named Bridget, who is also an ironer, in the "Globe," and there were two sailors there. Hill Street is a busy street. I did not scream when I was assaulted. I have never heard of the "Beaufort Arms." I did not say to Taylor, "Are you going to stand me a drink?" He did not say, "I am not going in here. We will go to the "Beaufort Arms." On the way to the "Beaufort Arms" Taylor did not point out the stable where he kept his barrow. I did not go with him into the stable. I did not speak to him and he did not speak to me. I did not afterwards in the presence of Cobb begin to cry and say, "I have lost my purse." Tay
<lb/>lor did not say, "I do not believe you. You just now said you had no money." Hill Street is an omnibus route. I did not call out "Stop thief!" but I ran after Cobb to the stable. I had never seen Taylor or Cobb before this Saturday night. Cobb asked the man
<lb/>ager of the "Globe" for a piece of sticking plaster and Bridget asked for a piece too and Cobb made a rude remark about it. Bridget and I came out before the prisoners. We did not speak to them outside. Bridget left me after saying "Good night."</p>
<p>Re-examined. When I went to the police station three was a bruise and swelling on my jaw.</p>
<p>Detective
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS HOWARD</hi>, Metropolitan Police. On January 25 I went with a constable named Hall to Peckham Park Road. I saw prisoner Cobb leave the stable in Hill Street and lock the door. We stopped him and told him we were police officers and should take him into custody for stealing 12s. 6d. and a gold ring from the person of Edith Meredith. He said, "Me a crook! I suppose you will put me up, but, there, my f—g nose will do it." We then took him to Peckham Police Station and he was placed amongst 10 other men and identified by Meredith. At the station, in answer to the charge, he said, "Right you are, governor." I searched him and found on him 2d. in bronze, a knife, and a key, which later on I handed to Inspector Badcock.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK HALL</hi>, 110 P, gave similar evidence.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040023"/>
<p>Detective
<hi rend="smallCaps">ERNEST HAIG</hi>, P Division. At 1.30 a.m., on January 26, I went to 42, Blue Anchor Lane, Peckham, where prisoner Taylor lives. I knocked, and after waiting some minutes a woman opened the window of the upper room. She afterwards came down and let us in, and I saw Taylor at the top of the staircase in his shirt. I said to him, "I am a police-officer. Is your name Taylor?" and he said, "Yes." I then said I should arrest him for being concerned with Cobb in the robbery. He replied, "That will have to be proved; you will have to prove it." I took him to the station, where he was identified by the prosecutrix.</p>
<p>Detective-inspector
<hi rend="smallCaps">EDWARD BADCOCK</hi>, P Division. At midnight, on January 25, I was handed the key of the stable in Hill Street by Detective Howard. I undid the padlock, opened the door, and lighted a candle, and, on searching, found 12s. 1d. spread about on the floor, four two-shilling pieces, four shillings, and a penny. I was with Ser
<lb/>geant Haig when Taylor was arrested. He was placed in the second cell from Cobb, and I heard him say, "Cobby, Cobby, are you there?" Cobb said, "Yes. Is that you Taylor?" Taylor said, "Yes; where did they scoop you up?" Cobb said, "In Hill Street. Two splits put it on me." Taylor said, "You know what to plead. She pulled us up." Cobb said, "All right; where did they get you?" Taylor said, "In bed; two of them come in. How did they know it was me? Did you come copper on me?" Cobb said, "No fear, not me."</p>
<p>To the Court. There was a barrow inside the shed and a few pieces of wood as if it was occupied by a woodchopper. There was also a little lumber. There was a partition as if the shed at one time had been used as a two-stall stable. There was some sacking in the second stall, and some of the coins were on the sacking and some on the ground. The place had an earth floor and was very rough and dirty.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-111" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-111" type="surname" value="RICHARDS"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-111" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY RICHARDS</persName> </hi>, dealer in firewood, 144, Queen's Road, Peckham, gave evidence of occupying part of the stable, and said he did not know Cobb at all.</p>
<p>(Thursday, February 6.)</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-112" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-112" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-112" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST TAYLOR</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath), 42, Blue Anchor Lane, Peck
<lb/>ham. I am a confectioner, and sell things on a barrow. This is the first time a charge of any kind has been brought against me. Cobb occasionally helps me to push my barrow. On Saturday, January 25, I went with Cobb to the "Globe" public-house in Hill Street, about five o'clock. I am known there as a customer. The stable is close by. I saw in the "Globe" prosecutor and another woman called Bridget, and two sailors. We were all in one compart
<lb/>ment. The two girls forced their conversation upon us. It arose in this way: The barman asked Cobb if he would have a bit of stick
<lb/>ing plaster, and pulled a bit of stuff off a stamp, and Bridget passed the remark, "I could do with a bit of that," and Cobb said, "What</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040024"/>
<p>for?" The answer she made was something not very ladylike. In a quarter of an hour the two sailors came out. I did not notice how many drinks they had. When Cobb and I went outside I sup
<lb/>pose the two girls followed us out, and Meredith said, "Are you going to treat me?" I said, "I do not mind treating you, but I do not want to go back in there again." That was because I was known there. I had never seen Meredith in my life before. The rest of the conversation was that we were to go round to the "Beau
<lb/>fort Arms," have a drink and make arrangements. The "Beaufort Arms" is about three minutes walk from the "Globe," and to get there we should have to pass the stable. Cobb stopped behind. As we passed the stable I said, "That is my shed." At the "Beaufort Arms" we had two drinks, and remained there about quarter of an hour. She then suggested that we should go back to the shed, and we did so. I put the sacks in the position in which they were found. When I came out I saw Cobb. When Meredith came out she said, "I have lost my purse." She started crying, and I said, "I do not believe you. You said just now you had no money, and you had no mother and father." That was a statement she had just previously made in the "Beaufort." Seeing Cobb outside I said to him, "I do not want to get into no trouble," and asked him to lock up the shed and gave him the key. It is not true that I went home by 'bus. I walked up the hill. It is about 20 minutes' walk to where I live. There is not a word of truth in the suggestion that I hit this woman on the jaw outside the "Globe," and that Cobb dragged 12s. 6d. out of her hand. I saw no money about her at all. I know nothing of the 12s. that was afterwards found on the sacking. It is correct that the "Globe" is an exceptionally busy house on Satur
<lb/>day night.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. There is no truth in what prosecutrix has said from first to last. The first I heard of this charge was when I was arrested. It is the first charge of the kind that has been made against me. "It has got to be proved" is all I said. As to the con
<lb/>versation which Inspector Cobb has spoken to in the cells, what took place was this: I halloaed out to Cobb, "Are you there? What did this happen over?" He said, "I got took in Hill Street." I said, "They just come and took me out of bed." I remember saying, "You know what to plead." I did not say, "How did they know it was me? Did you come 'copper' on me?"</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-113" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-113" type="surname" value="COBB"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-113" type="given" value="ALFRED ABTHUR"/>ALFRED ABTHUR COBB</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath), gave similar evidence.</p>
<p>Verdict: Both prisoners,
<rs id="t19080204-32-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-32-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-32-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUDGE RENTOUL</hi>.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, February 5.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080204-33">
<interp inst="t19080204-33" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080204"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-33" type="date" value="19080204"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080204-33-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-19080204 t19080204-33-offence-1 t19080204-33-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-33-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-33-19080204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19080204" type="age" value="51"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19080204" type="surname" value="HEALEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19080204" type="given" value="AUGUSTUS JAMES FLEMING"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19080204" type="occupation" value="accountant"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HEALEY</hi>, Augustus James Fleming (51, accountant)</persName>
<rs id="t19080204-33-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-33-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-33-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>; conspiring and agreeing with
<persName id="t19080204-name-115">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-115" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-115" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>Alfred Wright</persName> and other persons to cheat and de
<lb/>fraud liege subjects of our late lady Queen Victoria and the King oftheir moneys and property; obtaining from
<persName id="t19080204-name-116" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-116" type="surname" value="ARCHDALE"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-116" type="given" value="AUDLEY SALTERTON"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-33-offence-1 t19080204-name-116"/>Audley Salterton Arch
<lb/>dale</persName> a certain valuable security, to wit, a banker's cheque for £375, with intent to defraud; fraudulently causing and inducing the said Audley Salterton Archdale to execute a certain valuable security, to wit, a banker's cheque for £375, with intent to defraud; committing wilful and corrupt perjury; forging a transfer of 20 shares in the capital stock in the Rhodesian Purchase and Exploration Syndicate, Limited, with intent to defraud and uttering same.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040025"/>
<p>Mr. R. D. Muir and Mr. Arthur Gill prosecuted; Mr. Frampton and Mr. W. H. Thorne defended</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-117" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-117" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-117" type="surname" value="HOLE"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-117" type="given" value="ALBIRT HENRY"/>ALBIRT HENRY HOLE</persName> </hi>, Clerk in Registry of Joint Stock Companies, Somerset House. I produce the file of the Anglo-American Ex
<lb/>change, limited. It was registered on December 29, 1899, with a nominal capital of £1, 000, in 2, 000 shares of 10s. each. The state
<lb/>ment of the nominal capital is signed, "W.F. Thomas Jones, secre
<lb/>tary, pro term" On January 27, 1900, a return was filed showing the issue of 1, 752 shares. Among the shareholders were Jessie Vernon, Edward Driver, Howick, Simpson, and Healey. On January 25 an order was made removing Howick from the list, and another order was made on February 4 removing Simpson's name. Among the signatories was "Edward Driver, 102, Brook Street, Kennington, artiste." and "Spiers, artist." A summary of the year 1900 was filed in March, 1906, signed "William T. Jones, secretary." At that date only seven shares were shown as paid, £3 10s. That was the whole capital of the company. Two shillings was called up on 1, 745 shares, but unpaid. On May 17, 1901, there was a resolution for the voluntary winding up of the company, signed "A. J. Fleming Healey, Chairman." On June 19, 1901, there was an order of the Court for the compulsory winding up of the company, and the liquidator was released on January 13, 1904. I also produce the file of the Rhodesian Purchase and Exploration Company, Limited. That company was registered on May 25, 1899. The statement of capital is signed "John Andus," or "Aldus." I do not know which, "Secretary." Nominal capital £5, 000, in 5, 000 shares of £1 each. One of the signatories is "James Frank Scott." On the file is a requisition from the Registrar for the annual statement for 1899, addressed to Scott. A letter of November 30, 1900, sent to Andus was returned from the Post Office marked, "Gone away." On January 17, 1901, a statement was filed, made up to October 8, 1899, showing that the only shares issued were those to the signatories. That is signed by Witkin, as manager. On February 4, 1901, there is another summary made up to January 2, signed "A. White, Secre
<lb/>tary." On the same date an agreement between Edward Horace Driver, and the syndicate was filed in which Driver is described as of 65, Kennington Road, Lambeth. That agreement provided for the allotment to Driver of 1, 000 fully-paid shares, and 3, 900 shares with 7s. 6d. each credited for services rendered in connection with the formation of the company. On February 9, 1901, there is a state
<lb/>ment as to the shares allotted to Driver. Driver is stated to be a</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040026"/>
<p>"mining agent," registered address 2 and 3, West Street, Finsbury Circus. On March 15 there is a notice of change of address to 201, Great Portland Street, signed "H. Herwig, Secretary"; on April 17, 1901, a further change of address, signed "A. J. Fleming Henley, one of the directors"; and on June 20, 1901, another change of ad
<lb/>dress to 6, Bond Court, Walbrook, signed "White, Secretary." The agreement of January 9 is signed by Witkin and Meggie, as "Direc
<lb/>tors affixing the seal of the company."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-118" type="surname" value="WITKIN"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-118" type="given" value="ADAM"/>ADAM WITKIN</persName> </hi>, baker, 32, Uxbridge Street, Kennington Road. I lived at my present address during 1900 and 1901. I knew nothing about the management of joint stock companies or about gold mining. Horace Herwig is my brother-in-law; his wife was manageress of one of my shops. At Herwig's request I became a director of the Rho
<lb/>desian Purchase and Exploration Syndicate, Limited. In January. 1901, I went to Great Saint Helens to the office of Wright and Healey. Up to that time I had taken no part whatever in the management of the company. I had never seen Meggie before then, and did not know he was co-director with me. When we got to the office Herwig brought the papers out, Healey and Wright were in the private office. I signed the agreement of January 9, 1901. It was also signed by Mr. Wright in the name of "White." I did not see him sign it. I also signed the return of shareholders filed in January, 1901. After signing we went into the inner office. Mr. Wright handed Herwig some money and Healey told us that it would be a good company and a great success. It was a very small office. When we came out Herwig gave me 15s. or 16s., and gave Meggie the same. I was not aware at that time that I had signed an agree
<lb/>ment issuing 4, 000 shares to Driver. I did not read it. Mr. Meggie read it over. No explanation was given to me by Healey or by Wright. Healey offered me £50 shares as a present. I said I did not want them. I did not want to have anything to do with the company. At a later date I saw some transfers in an office in Moorgate Street, which Wright and Healey took afterwards. I did not execute any transfers. I received the letter produced, dated Feb
<lb/>ruary 27, 1901, and signed by White. I consulted my solicitor, Mr. Bamford, and under his advice Mr. Meggie and I had a meeting, as directors, and appointed Herwig as secretary. I received the letter (Exhibit 23.) I received another letter dated April 13, and another on June 27, 1901. (Witness identified the documents.)</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I am a German. I do not know Mr. Herwig's nationality. He was born in England. He married my wife's sister. I believe Wright married Herwig's sister, but I do not know much about them. The word "officer" must have been on the docu
<lb/>ment produced when I signed it, but the word "manager" was not there. I did not know in what capacity I was signing. The paper was put before me and I was told there must be eight signatures to keep the company going, so I signed it. It was about 18 months before I met Mr. Healey that I first became connected with the Rho
<lb/>desian Purchase and Exploration Syndicate. I swear it was Healey</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040027"/>
<p>who offered me the shares at the meeting at Great St. Helens, and I refused them. I may have said at the police court, "I am almost sure." I did not say, "I may have said in 1903 that it was Wright who offered me the shares." If those words are there it is a mis
<lb/>take; it is untrue. When I gave evidence in 1903 the accused person was Wright. I said, "The accused said he was going to give as £50 shares each in the company, and told me to put them in my wife's name. I said I would not have them." I signed the agree
<lb/>ment of January 9, 1901, between Driver and the Rhodesian Pur
<lb/>chase and Exploration Syndicate, Limited. I did not look at it. I trusted to Herwig that it was all right. I only went once to any of the offices connected with these syndicates. I do not know anything about the people who came to them.</p>
<p>Re-examined. The reason I signed the papers was because I was to be paid for it. Herwig suggested that as I was often in the City I could do the business in my spare time. Down to the meeting of January 9 I exercised no discretion in the matter at all. After that I acted on the advice of my solicitor. I did not sign any transfers.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-119" type="surname" value="MEGGIE"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-119" type="given" value="STANLEY"/>STANLEY MEGGIE</persName> </hi>, printer and engraver, 31, King William Street. I remember becoming a director of the Rhodesian Purchase and Ex
<lb/>ploration Syndicate. I think it was soon after it was registered. Herwig called on me and took me to the office in Great St. Helens where I saw Healey and Wright. In January, 1901, Herwig called on me again with Mr. Witkin, and took us to Great St. Helens. We signed the document produced. I did not read it. I did not under
<lb/>stand that it was an agreement. I did not know who Driver was. I had never been a director before, and knew nothing about joint stock companies. The company had lapsed for two or three years, and I thought it was a notice which had to be given to Somerset House of the restarting of it. After we had signed the paper Herwig introduced us to Healey and Wright in the inner office. There was some conversation about shares; both Healey and Wright were present, and whichever of them mentioned the shares the other must have heard what he said. I said I thought it was necessary to hold some shares to qualify for a director, and one of them replied that it was not necessary in this case. I received a guinea from Mr. Herwig for signing the document. Mr. Witkin and I had two meet
<lb/>ings as directors after that, one at Finsbury Pavement and one at Mr. Bamford's office. At finsbury Pavement Mr. Herwig, Mr. Witkin, and Mr. Bamford were present. I took legal advice, but after that I did nothing. I did not sign any transfers, and took no part in the management of the company.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not read over the agreement that I signed. It would be untrue to say that I read the paper through. Mr. Witkin was standing so that he could see what I was doing. He may have seen me turning over the pages. Herwig was in the room daring the conversation about the shares. I do not think it was he who offered me the shares. I could not remember now who it was. I am quite certain that, whoever it was who made the offer</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040028"/>
<p>of the shares, both Wright and Healey could hear it. I cannot swear that they did hear it. It is possible that the Rhodesian Syndicate had some options and some property, but I did not know it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-120" type="surname" value="DRIVER"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-120" type="given" value="EDWARD HORACE"/>EDWARD HORACE DRIVER</persName> </hi>, Renfrew Street, Lower Kennington Road, music-hall artist. I have been in South Africa, but I have no know
<lb/>ledge of gold mining. I have known prisoner for 16 or 18 years. He was a music-hall agent, and it was he who sent me to Africa; be would know quite well what my occupation was. I was never a mining agent. I know nothing about West African mining, and never had concessions in gold mines to deal with. I signed some papers in connection with the Anglo-American Exchange, but I did not know what they were. The document produced is signed by me. I do not know the meaning of "Memorandum and articles of association." The document also bears the name of "Spiers." I knew a variety artist of that name some years ago, but do not know whether it is the same. I never had any shares in the Anglo-Ameri
<lb/>can Exchange and never applied for any. I know nothing about the Rhodesian Purchase and Exploration Syndicate. The signature on the document produced looks like mine. I have no idea what the document is. I do not know the Mr. Gentry who purports to have witnessed my signature. I cannot remember signing any docu
<lb/>ments in January, 1901; it is too far back for me to remember. I have signed some papers for Healey, but I do not know what they were. Every time I signed I had given me £I have lived in a great many houses in Kennington Road; it is very likely I have lived at No. 65. I am not aware that I ever rendered services and assistance in connection with, the formation of the Rhodesian Pur
<lb/>chase and Exploration Syndicate, or furnished reports and informa
<lb/>tion with regard to mining properties and options, and I am not acquainted with any financial firms. I never agreed to act as ad
<lb/>viser and consulting manager to the company, and never knew a man named Frederick Hall, nor transferred any shares to him. I never heard of Interasso in West Africa. I never met Mr. A. White, who signs the document as "secretary." I have met Mr. Witkin and Mr. Meggie on several occasions at different places. I did not know them as directors of the company.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Mr. Healey was a personal friend of mine, and if I was passing the offices of the Anglo-American Exchange I used to call and see him. I may have been there 20 or 30 times. I have signed documents for Mr. Healey at my own house; he used to call there almost every night. I was never, on very intimate terms with Mr. Wright. I do not remember doing any business with him. was always asked to stay in the outside office when I called at the Anglo-American Exchange, to wait for Mr. Healey. It would be quite possible for anyone to go into the inner office without the clerks in the outer office knowing it. I have been in the private office, but on matters unconnected with business. If I signed the document which has been produced I signed it without reading it. It look's like my signature. At the time that agreement was signed I did not</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040029"/>
<p>know anything about the Rhodesian Purchase and Exploration Syn
<lb/>dicate. I cannot say that I received £1 each time I signed a docu
<lb/>ment; sometimes I might have had more. I do not remember that in 1903 a number of transfers purporting to be signed by me were put to me for identification. I was asked to identify a number of signatures, but I did not know what the document were.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I do not remember signing a document that was studded with seals. I never transacted any business in the office at Great St. Helens. Every document which I signed wit at Mr. Healey's request, and I was paid by him and not by Mr. Wright. I do not remember any such person as Mr. Hall, and there is no truth in the statement that I transferred a large block of shares to him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-121" type="surname" value="HERWIG"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-121" type="given" value="HORACE"/>HORACE HERWIG</persName> </hi>, 64, Albert Road, Peckham. Alfred Wright and Mr. Witkin are my brothers-in-law. In 1896 I went to Copthall Avenue as clerk to Mr. Wright. He was also known as Mr. Upright. He was manager to a group of African and Westralian mining com
<lb/>panies. Healey came on to the board of one the companies about 1898 or 1899. I obtained some of the signatories for the Anglo
<lb/>American Exchange. I did that under the instructions of Wright and Healey. The name, "William Thomas Jones," in the memoran
<lb/>dum of association is in Upright's handwriting. There was no such person as William Thomas Jones to my knowledge. The signature, "W. T. Jones," on the summary of capital of January 22, 1900, is also in Upright's handwriting. After the company was formed there was a meeting of the signatories held at New Cross; five of them attended. A resolution was passed appointing Mr. Healey and Mr. Upright as directors at salaries of, I think, £500 and £750 a year. I got the signatories in the usual way; they were friends of mine; I think some of them got half a crown for it The Anglo-American Exchange carried on business in stocks and shares as outside brokers. The Rhodesian Purchase and Exploration Syndicate was registered on May 25, 1899. I got some of the signatories for that company under Upright's instructions. The signature, "John Aldus," on the statement of capital was signed by Adam Witkin. I will not swear to the signature on May 25, but the word "secretary" is in Upright's writing. The signature to the certificate of incorporation, "J. Aldus," was signed by me. Aldus was a clerk in an accountant's office. The signature, "A White," to the notice of change of address of January 17, 1901, is in Upright's writing. There was no one named White in the office at Great St. Helens. Nothing was done by the company, previous to January, 1901, when the agreement was signed by Witkin and Meggie. At that time Healey and Upright wanted to resuscitate the company, and they asked me to look up the directors. They were both present, but I cannot say which of them asked me to do that. I took the directors to the office of the Anglo-American Ex
<lb/>change. Upright gave me the agreement for them to sign and they did so in the outer office. I then took them into the inner office, and I think Upright said it was a good thing and he would give them some shares. When the agreement was signed it was in blank.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040030"/>
<p>There was not time for them to read it. When Witkin was offered some shares he said he did not care for them; he would have them in another name. After they had signed the agreement Upright gave me two guineas. I gave Mr. Meggie a guinea, and offered Witkin one, but he said, "You can have 5s. out of it." I left Mr. Wright's employment a few months after that. I remember going to Mr. Bam
<lb/>ford's office when Mr. Witkin and Mr. Meggie were present, and they passed a resolution making me secretary. I received a letter on April 10, 1901, informing me of an extraordinary general meeting, which I did not attend. I received another letter on April 12. That was a make-believe letter to try and suggest that I had books. There never were any books. Healey knew that. That letter was the end of my connection with the company. The signature to the transfer produced is in Healey's handwriting. I do not know of any such person as Frederick Hall.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The offices at Great St. Helens had originally been one room, which was made into two. There was more than one means of access to the inner office and it was possible for persons to go in or out without the knowledge of anyone in the outer office. Mr. Wright had been managing several different companies before his connection with Healey and had considerable experience as an outside broker. I knew Healey about 18 months before he came to Great St. Helens. I do not know what his previous experience was. The "Anglo-American Exchange" was practically another name for Healey and Wright. Wright was supposed to be very clever in com
<lb/>pany work; he knew more of it than anyone else; he was boss, and no doubt Healey would bow to his decision. When he told me to go and get the signatories I went as a matter of course. It is probable that I got the signatories for both companies, acting under Wright's instructions. I am quite clear that when Witkin was offered the 50 shares he did not absolutely refuse them; what he said was, "I will have them in another name."</p>
<p>Re-examined. Healey and Wright were both present when the shares were offered. They were together in a small office about 8 it. square, and each could hear what the other said. Except as a name for Wright and Healey, the Anglo-American Exchange had no exist
<lb/>ence. Healey would not know as much about stocks and shares as Wright would, but in ordinary business he would be right up to date, and was much more a man of the world.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-122" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-122" type="surname" value="JEFFREYS"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-122" type="given" value="RHODA"/>RHODA JEFFREYS</persName> </hi>, 5, Cranmer Road, Brixton. I have lived at my present address for 15 years. Mr. Frederick Hall never lived there. I have never heard of such a person except in connection with this case.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I do not let lodgings. I occupy the whole of the house.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-123" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-123" type="surname" value="LEASH"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-123" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES LEASH</persName> </hi>, clerk. I was employed by Wright from April, 1896, to January, 1902, first at Copthall Avenue and afterwards at Great St. Helens. During the time I was there I never knew any person named William Thomas Jones as secretary of the Anglo-American</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040031"/>
<p>Exchange. I did not know any one at White in the office of the Rhodesian Purchase and Exploration Syndicate, nor do I know Frederick Hall.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I was never employed in the offices of the Rho
<lb/>desian Syndicate, and I do not know exactly where they were. I know nothing at all about that company. I should think there would be between half a dozen and a dozen people coming into the offices of the Anglo-American Exchange every day. We did not keep a call book; if anyone called we wrote the name on a slip of paper. There was a way into the private office without coming through the outer office, but the door was always kept locked. It was not a common thing for people to go in and out of the private office in that way.</p>
<p>Re-examined. The two letters produced written by Healey as director of the Rhodesian Purchase and Exploration Syndicate are written from Great St. Helens.</p>
<p>(Thursday, February, 6.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-124" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-124" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-124" type="surname" value="HOLE"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-124" type="given" value="ALBEET HENRY"/>ALBEET HENRY HOLE</persName> </hi>, recalled. According to the file of the Re
<lb/>gistrar-General, the Rhodesian Syndicate was dissolved under the Companies Act of 1880. If the Registrar-General finds that a com
<lb/>pany is not carrying on business he has power under that Act to dis
<lb/>solve it by advertisement in the "London Gazette." He did so with this company on December 22, 1903, and that was the end of it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-125" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-125" type="surname" value="MERCHAHT"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-125" type="given" value="JAMS"/>JAMS MERCHAHT</persName> </hi>, accountant. In 1901 and 1902 I was doing business as a jeweller at Ramsgate. I have known prisoner about 20 years. I knew a men named Alfred Wright, or Upright; and introduced prisoner to him in 1898 or 1899. At that time I was secretary to a company called the Corporation of British Investors, which had offices in Copthall Avenue. Mr. Edward Beale had offices there. Wright was secretary to a great many companies of which Mr. Beale was solicitor. In 1900 I visited the offices of the Anglo-American Exchange almost daily. Wright and prisoner carried on the business. I never saw a person named William Thomas Jones at that office. I have seen the cheques of the Anglo-American Ex-change signed. Upright signed the name of "Jones" to them, as secretary, I think. Prisoner signed as director. On this cheque, dated February 4, I find the signature, "William T. Jones." Up-right had several handwritings, and I fancy this is one of them. The signature of "A. White" shown to me appears to be in Upright's writing. On this transfer, dated January 26, from a person signing "F. Hall," I see "Signed in the presence of A. J. F. Healey, 4, Great St. Helens, E.C., director." I think that is prisoner's writing. On my visits to the Anglo-American Exchange I never saw a person named Frederick Hall. I knew nothing at all about the Rhodesian Exploration and Purchase Syndicate until after I had ceased visit
<lb/>ing. I cannot recognise the writing of "F. Hall"; I have never seen it.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040032"/>
<p>Mr. Muir said this was the forged transfer which Wright had pleaded guilty of uttering.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have seen Wright write different handwritings, and at that time I could very nearly tell that they were written by him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-126" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-126" type="surname" value="MEEN"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-126" type="given" value="AUSTIN FREDERICK WILLIAM"/>AUSTIN FREDERICK WILLIAM MEEN</persName> </hi>, clerk, Leadenhall branch, London Joint Stock Bank. In 1901 the Rhodesian Syndicate had an account at that bank. I produce a certified copy of the account, which was opened on May 25, 1901, with a payment in of £375 by a cheque signed by A. S. Archdale, payable to A. Wright, of the Rho
<lb/>desian Purchase Syndicate. On the other side of the account a number of sums were drawn out for directors' fees and for the secre
<lb/>tary. On September 3, 1901, the balance was 7s. 2d. There had been three other payments in—£13 2s. 6d., £12 15s., and £7 9s. 6d. They were all paid in on or before June 10, and all drawn out except 7s. 2d. by September 3, and nothing further was paid in. The per
<lb/>sons entitled to sign cheques were any two of the directors, counter-signed by the secretary. The directors were A. J. F. Healey, Charles W. Whitley, and Alfred Thomas Child, and A. Wright, secretary.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-127" type="surname" value="ARCHDALE"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-127" type="given" value="AUDLEY SALTERTON"/>AUDLEY SALTERTON ARCHDALE</persName> </hi>, "The Lodge," Bembridge, Isle of Wight. At the end of 1901 I was living at Westward Ho. In 1900, as the result of dealings in stocks and shares with the Anglo-Ameri
<lb/>can Exchange, I became entitled to about £600 from that company, of which I never got any payment. I received a letter from them dated January 24, 1901, and another dated January 28. I believed the statement that the intention of the directors of the Rhodesian Syndicate were unknown to the Anglo-American Ex
<lb/>change. I did not know they were practically the same persons, and I accepted the transfers of those shares. On April 17 I got notice of a call, and afterwards another letter, and I thereupon sent a cheque for £375, dated May 21. That is endorsed, "On behalf of the Rhodesian Purchase and Exploration Syndicate, Limited, A. Wright, Secretary." That was duly honoured, and I got a receipt dated May 22. I got a transfer for my shares, I think, but I do not think I ever got a certificate. I never got any dividend. I believed that I was bound to pay those calls and that it was a genuine com
<lb/>pany. My credit of £600 was transferred into a debit of £375, which I paid.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I cannot remember having got a certificate.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-128" type="surname" value="ESDEN"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-128" type="given" value="GEORGE ARTHUR"/>GEORGE ARTHUR ESDEN</persName> </hi>, Examiner in the Companies Winding-up Department of the Board of Trade. I produce the Court file of the winding-up of the Anglo-American Exchange. A compulsory order was made to wind it up on June 19, 1901. Before that there had been a resolution for voluntarily winding it up. The prisoner gave evidence at the public examination, and also Wright. The statement shows unsecured creditors to the amount of £3, 886 9s., and preferen
<lb/>tial creditors to the amount of £18 15s. The assets have realised £115 gross. I could not find any trace of any dealings with the Stock Exchange. The directors drew as fees £2, 157. The total</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040033"/>
<p>amount of money received from the public was £4, 369, from January, 1900, till March or April, 1901. Among the shareholders of that company were two persons—Simpson, represented to have held 200 shares, and Howitt 175 shares. They applied to the Court to have their names removed from the list of shareholders, and their applica
<lb/>tion was successful. Among the other name I find that Jessie Burnham was represented to have held 500 shares. I find no trace of any payment for those shares. Edward Horace Driver is repre
<lb/>sented to have had 250 shares, for which there was no payment, and the prisoner 520 shares, for which no payment was made.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-129" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-129" type="surname" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-129" type="given" value="PHILIP HENRY"/>PHILIP HENRY GEORGE</persName> </hi>, clerk in the Companies Winding-up Offices, Bankruptcy Buifdings, Carey Street. I produce a file in me wind
<lb/>ing-up of the Anglo-American Exchange, containing a transcript of the public examination of A. J. F. Healey, which is signed by him. He was examined on November 15, 1901. (Extracts from the tran
<lb/>script were read.)</p>
<p>Detective-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM GEORGE SUTTOH</hi>, City. On October 18 last I saw prisoner in Oxford Street. I said, "I have a warrant for your arrest." He said, "Yes, all right." I conveyed him to Bishops-gate Police Station, where I read the warrant to him. He was then charged. He made no reply. The date of the warrant is August 20, 1902, so that it had been in existence for five years.</p>
<p>Detective-inspector
<hi rend="smallCaps">ARTHUR PENTIN</hi>, City. On August 7, 1902, I received two summonses at the Guildhall Police Court for the appear
<lb/>ance of Alfred Wright and the prisoner, and I served them at 68, Cannon Street. I read the summonses to them, which charged them with conspiracy to defraud. I do not think prisoner said any
<lb/>thing. Wright said, "This will be attended to." Neither of them attended on August 20 in answer to the summons, and I then got a warrant, but could find neither of them. In the following year some circulars issued from Manchester came to the notice of my depart
<lb/>ment, and in consequence of that Wright was arrested in Manchester and brought before the magistrate at Guildhall, and committed for trial to this Court upon charges of forgery, perjury, conspiracy, and false pretences. He pleaded guilty to uttering a forged transfer, pur
<lb/>porting to be signed by "F. Hall" in favour of Mr. Archdale. The case was that Hall was a fictitious person, and that was proved at the Guildhall. The transfer purported to have been witnessed by Wright. I searched the office at 68, Cannon Street. There was a Mr. Thompson, a solicitor, who had offices close by, and he appeared far Wright. Thompson handed me over a quantity of documents belonging to the Rhodesian Company, among which were a lot of transfers, all purporting to be signed "F. Hall." The signatures were all similar to that on the transfer produced in this case, which is one of those handed over by Mr. Thompson.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I can almost say that there was not a call-book, but I would not swear to it. I took the information with regard to Witkin and Meggie from a document relating to a public exami
<lb/>nation, I think, furnished by the Treasury. I had no information</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040034"/>
<p>from Witkin and Meggie. The summons was returnable on August 20, 1902. Before that, arrangements had been made by prisoner that his bail should be inquired into in the event of a remand. They were inquired into by me, and I was quite prepared to accept them.</p>
<p>Re-examined. It was a fortnight after the warrant was granted that Mr. Thompson gave me the documents. If there was a call
<lb/>book in existence it would show the persons calling at the office, and if Hall was a real person who called at the office his name would have appeared there. I was never asked by Mr. Thompson or by anybody on behalf of Wright to produce a call-book, and never did so I have not the slightest recollection of any call-book being in existence.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-130" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-130" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-130" type="surname" value="HEALEY"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-130" type="given" value="AUGUSTIN JAMES FLEMING"/>AUGUSTIN JAMES FLEMING HEALEY</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I was born in Newfoundland in 1856. I studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh from 1874 to 1877, and at Leipzig in 1878. In 1879 I became clerk in a Parliamentary publishers firm, and remained there till 1884. Then I became a musical and dramatic agent, and that was how I came to know Driver, which was about 21 years ago. I myself ran a show at the Agricultural Hall for one season, which was a failure. My bankruptcy occurred in connection with that. Mr. Merchant introduced me to Wright in 1899, when Wright was in Copthall Avenue. Wright suggested that I should go into business with him as outside brokers. I told him I had neither money nor experience. He said he had both, and I consented to join him. I had had no experience of dealings in stocks and shares. Wright told me he had had 20 years' experience in the City. The evidence of Herwig, that Wright had had experience in an outside broker's office from the time he was 19 years of age is correct, so far as I know. I obtained two signatories to the Anglo-American Exchange, Driver and Spiers. The others were obtained by Herwig. The business of the Exchange was bucket shop business. The private entrance to the office was used by persons coming to see Wright and myself. It was kept locked. It would be possible for anyone to come to the office without its being known to Herwig or anyone in the outer office. Wright was the boss; I did the purely mechanical work. I did not draft the letters or circulars, nor copy any. I folded the circulars and addressed the envelopes. Wright might give me instructions to draw out contract forms. There was a typewriting machine in the outer office, which was used by a lady typist at first, and afterwards by Leech. When I said in my public examination that I was re
<lb/>sponsible for what was done I meant I was civilly responsible, not that I knew all that was going on. I was not in a position at the public examination to give information as to the various incidents about which I was asked. The information which I gave to Mr. Registrar Hood was derived from Wright. The relations between Wright and Herwig were not friendly. Wright showed no confidence</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040035"/>
<p>in him. W. T. Jones was certainly an existing person. I met him originally in Bucklersbury. I was introduced to him by Wright. I have seen Jones at the Exchange on several occasions. He always came through the private door. The explanation as to why he was not at the office regularly was given to me by Wright—namely, that he did not want him to get in communication with anyone else in the office; he said he had no confidence either in his brother-in-law, Herwig, or in the clerk. He said that if they got together Jones would be corrupted. I believed that explanation. I was introduced to Hall by Driver at an hotel in the Strand—I think the "Windsor Castle." Previously I had introduced Driver to Wright. Hall came two or three times to the office. It is not true that whenever Driver signed a document I asked him to do it. The secretary of the Rho
<lb/>desian Company, White, would write him in the ordinary way to call at the office. I never gave Driver any money for business purposes. Driver called at the Anglo-American Exchange about four times a week, but at the Rhodesian Company I think he only called when he was asked to. I never took a document to his private house to be signed. As to the circumstances in which I purported to attest the signature of F. Hall, Wright had a number of transfers signed by Hall in his safe, and when any shares were to be transferred he would hand me over the transfers to witness the signature, though I really never witnessed the signature of Hall. I did not have a safe, nor did I have a key to Wright's safe. Nobody else had a key. Wright kept his cheque-book and all his private papers there. I know the Rhodesian Company had one or two options in Rhodesia. I could not tell you what they were. Wright told me, when. I saw the papers and documents, that originally the company was formed for the purpose of offering them to the public, but owing to slack
<lb/>ness in business in Rhodesia it was abandoned. But they still held the options of those properties, because I saw them. I do not know from whom the options were acquired. With regard to the Interatso, or part of the Bonzi concession, originally a man named Hunter, of the West African Trust and Investment Corporation, got into touch with Driver, and the offer of the option was made by Driver to the Rhodesian Company. The negotiations were between Hunter, Driver, and Wright. Wright would not listen to anybody; he would stand no interference. I did not frame any of the letters to Mr. Archdale, nor typewrite them. Wright conducted the whole of the operations. I said in my public examination that I accepted responsibility for those letters, as co-director with Wright. I did not mean I had any knowledge of them at the time they were written. I will not say I did not see one of them, but I was never consulted at to the framing of the letters, nor as to the policy of offering Mr. Archdale those shares instead of paying him. When I said at my public examination that I had a business experience second to none I did not mean with regard to City speculations; I meant general knowledge. I can explain why in 1903 I did not face the consequences of anything that might have happened. I intended to answer the summons on the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040036"/>
<p>Tuesday, and I gave the detectives the names of my bails so that they might inquire into them. They were satisfactory. on the Saturday previous Wright told me, "I am not going to appear on Tuesday to answer that summons." I said, "Why not?" "Well," he said, "my father has refused to be one of my bails, and I cannot get the bail, and as this will be a lengthy case I do not want to stay in Brixton." I said, "That puts me in an awkward position. I have got a furnished flat at Brighton and my own flat in Brixton with furniture, and I do not know how to get rid of it. I do not like to face the matter myself as I know so little about the business. I shall not be able to answer any questions which are put to me with regard to the details of the business. You told me all along that there was no danger, even when the summons was served." When Inspector Pentin served the summons Wright said, "That is all right; we have a full answer to the charge"; and I really believed Wright to the very finish. I never believed that a man of his vast experience, who had been so often described as having the Companies Acts at his fingers' ends, would make such a mess of the thing. I was panic-stricken, and went down to the West of England and stayed there a little over three years, when I came back to London. I never knowingly helped Wright to defraud anyone. I never made any of the false pretences to Mr. Archdale, nor did I authorise them to be made. I did not even know that they were being made.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I was cross-examined at the public examination on a pamphlet sent out by the Anglo-American Exchange, which said that it was "controlled by responsible men of vast commercial and financial experience." Mr. Wright was one and I was the other. I do not say that that language was quite justified. I said at the public examination, "I consider my commercial experience is second to none." I was partly responsible for the circular, as co-director of the Exchange. I was asked, "Are you a responsible man. of busi
<lb/>ness?" and I answered, "I was then." I presume I was. It does not matter that I was an undischarged bankrupt. Wright had capital—some £2, 000 or £3, 000 I do not know where he got it. I had known Wright about six months before we started the Anglo-Ameri
<lb/>can Exchange. He was then in the employment of Mr. Beale, who controlled a large number of bogus companies. I was a director of two of those companies. Beale at the end of 1899 was convicted and sentenced to four years' penal servitude for frauds in connection with companies. It was after that that I carried on the Exchange with Wright. I did not look upon it that Wright's private capital would not be liable for the debts of the company. I cannot say that the company had not a shilling of capital; it would have the moneys received from clients. Nobody paid for shares in the company at all. When I went into it I was led to believe it was going to be an honest concern. My fellow-director was Wright, and the only other public official of the company was the secretary, Jones. I have not the faintest idea where he is. I saw him last in 1901, I presume when the company was dissolved. He was never a friend of mine.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040037"/>
<p>The only individual who could swear that Jones ever existed is Wright. Wright is not here; he would not come. I do not know why. Wright told me that Jones was a solicitor's clerk. I signed the bulk of the cheques while the business was being carried on; as director, and each of them was signed "William T. Jones." I do not know by what solicitor Jones was employed. I never saw him sign a cheque or any document. Wright always had a pile of cheques with Jones's signature on them. I can account for Merchant saying that he had seen Wright sign the name of Jones on the cheques. It was because Merchant felt he wanted to say that at the previous ex
<lb/>amination because he had a particular animus against Wright. It was perjury on his part. Jones's handwriting was identified as being the handwriting of Wright. It was impossible for me to try to pro
<lb/>duce Jones. I do not know where he went. He was Wright's friend. I knew Mr. White; he was a very old friend of Wright's. He lived at Putney, and their wives were friends. White was Wright were not the same person. For a time White was secretary of the Rho
<lb/>desian Purchase and Exploration Syndicate, of which I was chair
<lb/>man later on. I have seen White also at the Exchange offices when he called to see Wright, about half a dozen times. I think he was a clerk in a solicitors office. We did not want any of the clerks in the office to know Jones or White. The only one I could produce who knew Hall is Driver, and he says he does not know him. ac
<lb/>count for that in this way: In the first instance he thought the best thing he could do was to give a denial to everything, and to put all the blame on somebody else, and he thought the easiest way was to put the responsibility upon my shoulders, as I was not anywhere near the Court. I have known Driver 20 years and we have always been friendly. I never knew anything to his detriment. I think the fear that he might be implicated overruled everything else. Wright knew that Hall was a real person and a friend of Driver's. Hall gave the same address as Driver. Hall's transfers were dated 1901 and Driver gave evidence in 1903, so that Driver might have been con
<lb/>victed of perjury at once by Hall being produced. Yet Wright, being charged with uttering a forged document because it had Hall's name upon it, Hall being said to be an entirely fictitious person, pleaded guilty. That was in order to prevent further charges of for
<lb/>gery and fraud being pressed against him. I do not know where Hall is now. What I have signed is: "Signed, sealed and delivered by the above-named Frederick Hall in the presence of A. J. F. Healey, 4, Great St. Helens, Director." I did that in the same way as with regard to the cheques. These transfers handed to me are all signed by Hall and witnessed by Wright himself. I cannot say why he asked me to sign the one with which I am charged. Mr. Whitley, my fellow-director in the Rhodesian Company, was introduced by Driver. I think he had something to do with Lloyds' Shipping. I do not know where he is. I did not know that any object would be served by having him here. Until Mr. Archdale was defrauded of his £375 the Rhodesian Company never had a shilling of capital.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040038"/>
<p>The correspondence with Mr. Archdale took place in January, and on January 9 a meeting took place between Witkin and Meggie at 31, King William Street, at which the agreement with Driver was supposed to be signed. Driver, whom I had known as a negro come
<lb/>dian, was described in that document as a mining agent. Mr. Arch
<lb/>dale was induced to take the shares in payment of his £600 debt. Then there was a change in the management of the Rhodesian Com
<lb/>pany, and I became a director, and on April 11 Whitley and I had a meeting at 4, Great St. Helens, myself in the chair, at which we passed a resolution to make a call on those shares, which Mr. Arch
<lb/>dale had to pay. I call that honest business. I do not know where Mr. Whitley is; I have not seen him since 1901. We first of all started the Anglo-American Exchange without any capital; we specu
<lb/>lated with people who would speculate with us; when they lost we took their money, and we got between £4, 000 and £5, 000 by that means. It is not clear that when we owed them money we did not pay them. It is clear in the case of Mr. Tophs and in the case of Mr. Archdale. It is clear in the case of the 1, 431 shares, amounting to a liability of £923. There were £3, 000 liabilities in the winding-up not paid, making £4, 000 in all. Instead of paying our liabilities we offered those shares, and some of them took them to the extent of 1, 431. Then the Rhodesian Company made a call. I did not create the liability. They were liable when they got the shares, but not liable unless a call was made.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I never knew anything of Beale's connection with any of the companies of which I was a director, except that he ap
<lb/>peared at one or two meetings as solicitor. I did not graduate in Mr. Beale's office. At the time I was a director of the Rhodesian Company, White was in no way connected with it.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080204-33-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-33-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-33-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080204-33-punishment-37" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-33-punishment-37" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-33-punishment-37" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-19080204 t19080204-33-punishment-37"/>Three years' penal servitude</rs>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE MR</hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUSTICE PHILLIMORE</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, February 6.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080204-34">
<interp inst="t19080204-34" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080204"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-34" type="date" value="19080204"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080204-34-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-34-19080204 t19080204-34-offence-1 t19080204-34-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-34-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-34-19080204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19080204" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19080204" type="surname" value="FENSHAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19080204" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19080204" type="occupation" value="bookbinder"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FENSHAM</hi>, Walter (30, bookbinder)</persName>
<rs id="t19080204-34-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-34-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-34-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/>; wilful murder of
<persName id="t19080204-name-132" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-132" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-132" type="surname" value="FENSHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-132" type="given" value="HARRIET MARY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-34-offence-1 t19080204-name-132"/>Harriet Mary Fensham</persName>; the like on corner's inquisition.</rs> </p>
<p>Sir Charles Mathews and Mr. R. F. Graham-Campbell prosecuted; Mr. Danford Thomas defended.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-133" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-133" type="surname" value="FENSHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-133" type="given" value="JAMES CHRISTY"/>JAMES CHRISTY FENSHAM</persName> </hi>, 15, St. James's Road, Islington, father of prisoner. I rent the above house, having two lodgers, and occupy the ground floor. Deceased was my second wife, stepmother of ac
<lb/>cused. She was 50 at death, and we had been married for 4 1/2 years. My daughter Florence Lived with me. Prisoner lived at a lodging-house in King's Cross Road; he has not lived with me since my re
<lb/>marriage. He used to call round and see us. He was on very good</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040039"/>
<p>terms with my wife; she was very good and kind to him. Prisoner did not speak to me about her. I remember him coming on Decem
<lb/>ber 27, also on Saturday, the 28th, between eight and 8.30 p.m. He went straight into the kitchen, where my wife was. She cooked a chop for him and made some tea. He ate the chop, and I then went out to finish some shopping. I believe my wife went out and got a pint of "half and half," but I did not see it. I went into the front parlour to see my landlord and make arrangements for giving up the house. I was speaking to him for some time; then my son came out of the kitchen and said, "Good-night father." Then I went into the kitchen and saw my poor wife with a knife in her throat. I picked her up and sent for a doctor. My daughter called the lodger from upstairs, and they both went for the doctor; one after the other. I took the knife out of deceased's neck and laid it on the table; it belonged to my son.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have a good memory. My son is 30; I did not say before the coroner that he was 27. We were all good friends together. My wife and I were not always friendly. My other son has complained of the way my wife treated me. When my son came earlier in the evening in question I was not in bed with my wife, nor the worse for drink. I saw my son in the afternoon, when I went to have a glass of ale in the "Montrose." He was in the other bar. I do not recollect saying that my son went to fetch the beer just before this occurrence. I am pretty well sure my wife and prisoner drank the beer; they would do so because they have done it before. When under the influence of drink my wife was sometimes quarrelsome, but it was my fault as well as hers. I do not want to condemn her, nor do I want to condemn my son. It was a little after eight when my landlord came. When I was talking to him I heard a noise, so I went into the kitchen, and he went out before I got there. My daughter was screaming out for me and Mr. Sutherland (the lodger). When I got into the kitchen Florrie was there, and Mrs. Sutherland had gone for the doctor. I always made my son welcome at the house. He has been to a lot of hospitals in the last few years. He has had glands in the neck, and has been under operations for them. When the doctor came I was bathing my wife's wound with warm water, but she was too far gone. The place was like a slaughter-house. I believe the doctor did his best for my wife. (His Lord-ship said that this was not material to the case.) My daughter did not tell me that she did not remember whether she was in the kitchen.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-134" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-134" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-134" type="surname" value="FENSHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-134" type="given" value="FLORENCE"/>FLORENCE FENSHAM</persName> </hi>. I was living at 15, St. James's Road on De
<lb/>cember 28 last. Prisoner is my brother. I remember him coming to the house on December 28. I think I went into the kitchen about 6 p.m., when I found him there. I then went upstairs, and later on came down again; I should say about eight or half-past. I saw my stepmother and brother; they were very friendly; he was eating a pork chop, and they were having a glass of beer together. My brother said to me, "Will you go upstairs, Florrie?" I said, "Oh, give me</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040040"/>
<p>a chance, Wal, I have only just come down." My stepmother spoke to prisoner, and said, "Will you go home Wallie?" My brother got up and said, "Well, if you don't want me I will go home." He said that quite quietly. He then turned round to me and said, "I don't care if I get hung for my poor father." I said, "Oh, don't do it. Wal." I saw a knife, which he pulled out of his pocket; it looked as if it was open. He sat at the side of my stepmother; then got hold of her neck and cut her throat. I called to father, who was in the front parlour talking to the landlord. I also called Mrs. Suther
<lb/>land. Deceased was then lying on the floor, and there was blood coming from her throat.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. My brother has had very bad health during the last few years. I do not think he is in his senses. I have seen a great many quarrels between my father and stepmother, and I have had to suffer for it. I have been under the doctor for months. It has been an unhappy marriage from the first. Deceased had been in prison three times, if not more; once for robbing me and once for robbing the landlord where she was lodging. She used to take the sheets off the bed, and the man would have nothing to lie on. I have never heard my brother threaten deceased. They always spoke friendly when I saw them. At the police court I stated that my brother had not threatened to kill my stepmother; only to do some
<lb/>thing to her. I did not see my brother early in the afternoon of the murder, in the "Montrose." I should say about a quarter of an hour passed between the murder and the doctor coming. He told me he would be over shortly, when I told him what had happened, and I thought he was coming then. My brother has often said that he would not mind doing time for his old father because he has had such a lot to put up with. We have never taken notice of that. I did not think he meant it seriously. My memory is not very good; I suffer very much with nervous debility. After I had given evidence at the police court my father said that I was remembering too much.</p>
<p>Re-examined. They said at the hospital that they could not really say what was the matter with my brother. He did not drink much. On this night he seemed quite cheerful. My father has told prisoner a lot about the way he has been treated by his wife. The doctor has advised my father to get away from deceased.</p>
<p>Mrs.
<hi rend="smallCaps">GERTRUDE SUTHERLAND</hi>, lodging at 15, St. James's Road, Islington. I know prisoner as visiting the house to see his father. I remember one evening in November speaking to prisoner about the quarrelling that went on in the house between deceased and Mr. Fensham. I do not remember exactly what I told prisoner. He then went out, and came back about 9 p.m., going into the bedroom where Mrs. Fensham was. I afterwards saw him in the kitchen, when he said he had been giving his stepmother a talking to; that he had told her she would have to alter and look after his father better, or he would do for her; simply to frighten her, I think it was. I told him not to talk such nonsense, or something like that. On Decem
<lb/>ber 28 Florrie Fensham was in my room in the evening. I sent her</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040041"/>
<p>downstairs. I then heard some words, but did not take much notice. After that I heard Florrie screaming, and went down. Before that I had been downstairs to get a can of water. When I went down after Florrie called me I saw Mr. Fensham holding his wife by the shoulders, and I could see her throat had been cut. I sent Florrie for the doctor and afterwards went myself.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have been living in the house for two years, and knew there had been a great deal of trouble going on. I and my husband stopped on more out of pity for the old gentleman than anything else, though we were going to move two or three times. I did not know that Mr. Fensham had threatened to take his life. I have removed poison from him. I know that Miss Fensham does not remember things. At times Mrs. Fensham would be a great drinker. I have taken gin away from her. When under the influ
<lb/>ence of drink she was very quarrelsome; would quarrel with anyone. She was the worse for drink on the night of the crime. I have seen prisoner the worse for drink. He seemed peculiar in his ways at times. When I went down for the water, not long before the murder, I went into the kitchen and saw prisoner and Mrs. Fensham. I said, "Hullo, Wal, "; he said, "Hullo, Mrs. Sutherland"; that is all. That would be about ten minutes to nine. From that time till I sent Miss Fensham down would be about a minute only. When I went down after the screaming prisoner had gone. The doctor seemed so long in coming that I went for him myself.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-135" type="surname" value="FENSHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-135" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOSEPH"/>WILLIAM JOSEPH FENSHAM</persName> </hi>. milkman, brother of prisoner. Prisoner had been working for another brother, a bookbinder. He was not doing so on Saturday, December 28. I had seen him every day for some time previously. On the 28th, about 9.30 p.m., prisoner knocked at the door, and on opening it I said, "Hullo Wal." He said, "Hullo Bill." and stepped inside. As he did so I noticed there was a bit of blood on one of his hands. I said, "Hullo, what have you done?" He replied, "I must have struck her with my knife; I have done it; I have done the old woman in. Let's come upstairs and have a bit of supper." I said, "No, you cannot come upstairs like that," as I saw he had had too much to drink. He was very, very excited, and said, "Well, if I cannot come upstairs and have some supper, wall you come out and have a drink?" I went out with him, and when we got to the corner I said, "Look here, Wal, you don't want any more drink; you have had enough, haven't you?" He said he had. I advised him to go to bed, and see me to
<lb/>morrow. Then he said he was going to King's Cross Police Station to give himself up. I did not think he was serious. We then walked towards Rowton House, and when we got opposite it we went into a public-house called the "Union," prisoner having a small soda. He after-wards went straight into Rowton House. I went home, and then thought I had better go and see what was the matter. When I got to St. James's Road my stepmother had been removed to the hos
<lb/>pital. The knife produced is one I gave my brother last year. On one occasion, about a month before this affair, my brother said to</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040042"/>
<p>me, "You ought to see how the old chap looks; he is nearly bent double. He is like a maniac about the place; he is going to take poison and kill himself. The lodger found the poison." He said if she (deceased) was not careful in her behaviour towards his father he would do time for her. That is the only time I can say that he threatened her. My brother has been at Rowton House for three or four years. I saw him on the 27th, about 8.30 or nine p.m., but nothing particular was said. I did not think from prisoner's manner that anything serious had happened when he came to me on the 28th. When we were having the drink he said he really did not know what he had done.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not draw prisoner's attention to the blood on his hand. I have seen more of my brother than anyone else during the last few years. He has occasionally been the worse for drink. Once he told me that he had got up the previous night out of bed, his neck was so bad, and started walking, he did not know where, and when he woke up found himself at Hendon. That, he said, was because he had not had any laudanum to make him sleep. I know he has taken doses of laudanum for some months; he used to buy pennyworths at a shop in Gray's Inn Road. He has suffered from the glands in his neck for five or six years to my knowledge. He used to sit up in my room with me, and it rather frightened my wife; she used to give me the tip to get rid of him. He has not threatened to take his stepmother's life. I have been to see him in Holborn Infirmary several times. That was about three months be
<lb/>fore Christmas. He had boards round his bed, and he was lying as if he was dead; they told me he was very, very bad. One day, about five years ago, when he was sitting in the kitchen with me he fell off his seat, and kicked and struggled on the floor; he was foaming at the mouth, and was very bad indeed. We had to sit up with him all night. We had the doctor for him.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I have not seen him like that since, but he told me he had had the attacks again. I do not know whether the doctor who attended him then was Dr. Wilson, or his assistant, Dr. Harbin
<lb/>son, the doctor in this case. I should say prisoner had been drink
<lb/>ing very heavily on the night of the crime. He told me that he took so much laudanum that it seemed to have no effect on him. He has been in St. Bartholomew's Hospital for appendicitis.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-136" type="surname" value="HARBINSON"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-136" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT HARBINSON</persName> </hi>, 44, St. James's Road, Holloway, medical prac
<lb/>titioner. On December 28, about 9.15, I went to 15, St. James's Road and saw the deceased woman, who was being supported by her hus
<lb/>band; she had a large gaping wound in the neck, about four inches long and about an inch and a half wide. I did not measure it. I stopped the haemorrhage by pressure and stitched up the wound. Her pulse was very weak, and she was unconscious. After I had been there from 10 minutes to a quarter of an hour she was moved to the hospital. The case was hopeless. The knife produced was on the table; it was half open and covered with blood.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040043"/>
<p>Cross-examined. There was a great quantity of blood about the woman. I did not at the time think that any large blood vessel was injured. I said at the police court that blood was pouring from a superficial wound. I did not attend prisoner when he had a fit five years ago; my principal did.</p>
<p>Dr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">WADE</hi>, house surgeon, Great Northern Hospital. On December 28, about 10.15 p.m., deceased was admitted, with a large wound in the left side of the neck. I took the stitches out because it had commenced to bleed again. The external part was cut away and the bleeding ceased. At about a quarter past six next morning I was called to her again, and almost immediately afterwards she died. I made a post-mortem and found that the internal jugular had been cut, as well as the external. There were also a number of minute hemorrhages over both lungs. The cause of death was the bleeding from the wound and the lungs. The knife produced might have caused the wound; it is rather difficult to open; the blade is blunt, and it would have required considerable force to inflict the wound.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I saw deceased within five minutes of her admis
<lb/>sion to the hospital. There was a bandage round her neck. The wound was about 3 in. long altogether; it was about an inch deep behind and getting shallower forward. There was no hemorrhage from the internal jugular when I saw her first; it must have burst out later. I should think the knife, being heavy, would have fallen out of the wound after the blow had been struck. I should think the blow was done from the front of the woman; put in at the back of the neck and drawn forward. The posterior margin of the left sterno
<lb/>mastoid muscle was not cut; half of the sternomastoid was;</p>
<p>Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE OSBORN</hi>, Y division. At 11.30 p.m., on Decem
<lb/>ber 28, I went with William Joseph Fensham to Rowton House, where I saw prisoner, whom I woke and told would be arrested for maliciously wounding Harriet Fensham that evening. He said, "All right; is she dead?" I said, "No." On the way to the station he said, "I will hang for her; she has ruined my father." I searched prisoner at the station and found two empty bottles—one labelled "Laudanum" (produced). Prisoner was the worse for drink.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I should say the other bottle contained other. It has not been examined, and that is only my opinion.</p>
<p>Inspector
<hi rend="smallCaps">ARTHUR NEIL</hi>. Y Division. I saw prisoner at Caledonian Road Police Station at 12.30 on the night in question. I told him he would be charged with attempted murder. He said, "I was there; I do not know what I did; I will say nothing." Later I told him that the woman was dead and he would be charged with murder. He said, "I did not intend to do it. Do you think I shall get hung for it. I went there last night; she called me a bastard, and said I only came there to get what I could out of the old man. I lost my temper." He made no reply when formally charged. He had the appearance of having been drinking. He was quite sober when charged.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040044"/>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-137" type="surname" value="FENSHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-137" type="given" value="WALTER EDWARD"/>WALTER EDWARD FENSHAM</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I lived with my father and mother till about four years ago. When I was 23 I went with the London Omnibus-Carriage Company, Limited, and while with them I fell off a horse which I was exercising. That was about four years ago. I must have gone off to sleep. When I woke up I saw the horse kicking about on the ground. I had to walk all the way home; this happened at Barnet about one in the morning. I had a bump at the back of the head, and I used to come over very giddy and sick. I have lived at Rowton House for the last three or four years. I have been in St. Bartholomew's Hospital two or three times, and was operated on twice for appendicitis. I was also in Holborn Infirmary at various times from 1903 to 1907. My head used to be very bad. I have always taken my own discharge from these hospitals. The last time I was at the Holborn Infirmary, from August 12 to September 19, I had boards round the bed; I don't know what that was for. I have also been in the Royal Free Hos
<lb/>pital two or three times. I have had two operations there for glands in the neck. From December 18 to December 27 last I was in St. Pancras Infirmary. While in these hospitals I was given morphia, bromide, and laudanum, which gave me relief from the pain. I had been taking laudanum every day between December 5 and 18; I pur
<lb/>chased it in Gray's Inn Road. I seemed to have a mania for it. When I came out of hospital on December 27 at 5 a.m. I went to Islington Vestry yard and got a day's work as dustman. I had nothing to eat all day, but had a lot of drink given to me as Christmas boxes; I had a lot of whisky and ale given to me in the houses. We shared out 1s. 10d. at the end of the day; that was from tips. I called on my father on my way home; he had just got out of bed, and seemed a bit "tight." That did not surprise me. I left both my father and his wife in bed, and said I would call again to-morrow. I then went to my brother Bill, and we had a drink together. I had nothing to eat all day, but I had a pennyworth of laudanum in the morning and another when I went to bed. On Saturday morning I felt very bad in the head, and had a pennyworth of laudanum at about 10. I could not eat anything. At three I went to the Vestry and got paid 5s. for the previous day's work. I then went and had some rum because I was so cold. I then went round to the "Mont
<lb/>rose," opposite my father's house. That was about four o'clock. I saw my father and the lodger, Mr. Sutherland, in the private bar; I was in the four-ale bar. I went round to see my father, but when I got there he had gone. I wanted to give him a shilling, which I occasionally did. Mr. Sutherland told me not to be a fool, that I wanted the money myself. I wandered about somewhere, I don't know where, till about eight o'clock. I then went to the "Pocock Arms," where I saw Sutherland again. We had several drinks, but he would not allow me to pay for any. I then left, saying that I would see my father and then see him (Sutherland) again. I went to</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040045"/>
<p>The "Montrose," and had some more rum. I was there about 20 minutes, and saw a friend, Charles Crew. I left him there, but I do not remember what condition I was in. I got to my father's house about 8.30, and my father let me in. I went straight to the kitchen. My stepmother was lying on a chair drunk; paralytic, you might say. I do not remember having anything to eat, and yet I have a faint idea I had. I went and got some beer for my stepmother, and she and I had it. I got it from the "Montrose," and had a drop more rum there myself. I don't remember much more. When I came back I think my father was in the kitchen. A knock came at the door, and my father went out. I have a faint recollection of Mrs. Sutherland saying, "Hullo, Wal"; she passed the door, I think. Then my sister came down. I was talking to my stepmother, but not quarrelling. I told my sister to go upstairs again, saying, "You are always sitting up there instead of being down here looking after your father." She did not go. Then I said, "Go up and ask Mr. and Mrs. Sutherland to come out and we will have a drink." I believe my sister went up, I am not certain. My stepmother then said, "Can't I come and have a drink?" I said, "No, you are not worth it." She jumped up at me and said, "You are only a bastard and come here to get what you can out of your father." I went at her with both hands and struck her, and she fell down. I caught hold of the first hat I could see and went out. I do not remember hitting her with a knife. My brother opened the blade out in my hand, and then I remembered having it in my hand. I was scraping my pipe out. I generally have the blade half open to dig the plug out. I went to my brother's then, as he states. I do not want to dispute what the in
<lb/>spector says.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I do not remember what I said to my brother when I went to him after the occurrence. The blood on my hand must have come from my sticking the knife into my stepmother's throat. I did not dislike my stepmother; I was friendly with her. She was not land to my father. I never said that I would do for her. I have said that I would do time for her. I said that after my father tried to poison himself. I meant that I might give her a good hiding. She used to kick my father on the floor. I never told my sister that I did not care if I got hung for my poor father's sake; nor that I would cut my stepmother's throat. The only purpose for which I had my knife out in the kitchen was to scrape my pipe out. I only half opened it. I remember seeing the blood on it. I rushed at deceased with both hands while I was scraping my pipe out. I do not know where the knife went to; I did not see it. I did not know that deceased was cut; I saw no blood. I do not remember seeing my father in the passage and saying good-night to him; nor do I remember leaving the house. My mind came back when I was in the motor-'bus going to my brother's. I remember the officer coming to me when I was in bed. I asked him what I had done; he says, "You know what you have done; don't be a fool; come quietly." I did not say, "All right, is she dead?" I might have said it; I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040046"/>
<p>do not want to dispute anything. I can't say whether I was sober at 12.30 on the Sunday night. I was bad from the effects of drink and drugs.</p>
<p>To the Judge. I do not think my sister was in the room when the affair happened. I did not ask her to go out so that I could "do for" deceased.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-138" type="surname" value="CREW"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-138" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES CREW</persName> </hi>, 23, St. James's Road, Holloway. I have known prisoner for about 21 years. I saw him in the "Montrose" on De
<lb/>cember 28 with some friends. He had had enough to drink, in my opinion. I had seen him intoxicated on many other occasions. I have known him to be very violent; once I found him lying on the pavement struggling.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. It was between eight and half-past when I saw prisoner in the "Montrose"; he left about 20 past.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-139" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-139" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES SMITH</persName> </hi>, Gray's Inn Road, chemist. For the last three or four months prisoner has come to my shop, probably two or three times a week, and purchased pennyworths of laudanum; that is about a dram and a half. The bottle produced holds two drams.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. There are 60 minims to a dram, and the maxi
<lb/>mum dose is about 30 minims. We sell three doses provided it is labelled "poison" in a proper poison bottle. The whole of that bottle could not be safely taken. I could not say that I would fill that bottle once a day.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-140" type="surname" value="GUISEPPI"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-140" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN GUISEPPI</persName> </hi>, house surgeon, Royal Free Hospital, pro
<lb/>duced notes from the hospital showing that prisoner had been there in 1903, and was suffering from tuberculous glands in the neck; an operation was performed on him. Another note was produced show
<lb/>ing prisoner had been in the hospital in 1906 for a fortnight, and underwent another operation for the same reason. Witness had at
<lb/>tended him from November 21, 1907, to December 5. It had been a puzzle to know what to do to relieve the patients pain. He was very excitable, especially at nights, when he was often delirious. The effect of the opium he took would be to make him less responsible.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I last saw prisoner on December 5; I did not think he was insane. The effect of drink in conjunction with drugs would be more considerable than otherwise. Even after the opium has worked off, opium eaters may lose their moral control.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-141" type="surname" value="SPILSBURY"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-141" type="given" value="BERNARD HENRY"/>BERNARD HENRY SPILSBURY</persName> </hi>, pathologist at St. Mary's Hospital, gave technical evidence bearing on hypothetical cases connected with the taking of drugs.</p>
<p>(Rebutting evidence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-142" type="surname" value="HARBINSON"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-142" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT HARBINSON</persName> </hi>, recalled. I do not think the wound could have been caused accidentally.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not think the external jugular had been severed, only one of its branches.</p>
<p>Dr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">WADE</hi>, recalled. I do not think it could have been an accident; it was such a blunt instrument and deep cut.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040047"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-143" type="surname" value="ROBINSON"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-143" type="given" value="ARTHUR HENRY"/>ARTHUR HENRY ROBINSON</persName> </hi>, medical officer, Islington Infirmary. Prisoner, was under my care at various times from 1903 to 1906. He was a sullen, morose man—as regards actual evidence of mental de
<lb/>rangement I never saw any.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I should say prisoner was certainly not neurotic, as I understand the term; rather the opposite.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-144" type="surname" value="MACLEARN"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-144" type="given" value="ISAAC"/>ISAAC C. MACLEARN</persName> </hi>, medical superintendent, Holborn Infirmary, said that prisoner had been treated in his hospital last year; he was not insane, but delirious at night. I thought he might hare con
<lb/>trolled himself more than he did, but with difficulty.</p>
<p>Dr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES SCOTT</hi>, medical officer, Brixton Prison, said that pri
<lb/>soner had been under his observation since December 30. Prisoner has not been irrational in conduct or conversation; he has been de
<lb/>pressed, but not more so than one would expect in the circumstances. I have not observed any indication of insanity.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. On one occasion he complained of pain at night so I sent him a dose of bromide.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080204-34-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-34-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-34-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>Guilty, with a recommendation to mercy</rs>. Sentence,
<rs id="t19080204-34-punishment-38" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-34-punishment-38" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-34-punishment-38" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-34-19080204 t19080204-34-punishment-38"/>Death.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE RECORDER</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, February 6.)</p> </div1>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-35-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-35-19080204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19080204" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19080204" type="surname" value="JACKSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19080204" type="given" value="HUBERT SIDNEY AUBREY"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19080204" type="occupation" value="engineer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JACKSON</hi>, Hubert Sidney Aubrey (23, engineer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080204-35-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-35-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-35-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> of
<rs id="t19080204-35-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-35-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-35-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19080204-name-146" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-146" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-146" type="surname" value="HUGHES"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-146" type="given" value="JANE ELEANOR"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-35-offence-1 t19080204-name-146"/>Jane Eleanor Hughes</persName>, his wife being then alive.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080204-35-punishment-39" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-35-punishment-39" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-35-punishment-39" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-35-19080204 t19080204-35-punishment-39"/>Three days' imprisonment</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19080204-36" type="date" value="19080204"/>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-36-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-36-19080204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19080204" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19080204" type="surname" value="HOPFF"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19080204" type="given" value="PAUL"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19080204" type="occupation" value="manager"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HOPFF</hi>, Paul (33, manager)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080204-36-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-36-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-36-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> of
<rs id="t19080204-36-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-36-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-36-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>embezzling and stealing on December 6, 1907, a valuable security, to wit, a banker's cheque and order for the payment of £50, and on December 19, 1907, a valuable security, to wit, a banker's cheque and order for the pay
<lb/>ment of £50, received by him for and on account of the
<persName id="t19080204-name-148" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-148" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-36-offence-1 t19080204-name-148"/>American Trading Company</persName>, his masters; between July 16, 1906, and December 19, 1907, stealing a valuable security, to wit, a banker's cheque and order for the payment of £1, 243 16s. 4d., received by him for and on account of the American Trading Company, his makers.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080204-36-punishment-40" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-36-punishment-40" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-36-punishment-40" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-36-19080204 t19080204-36-punishment-40"/>18 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-37-19080204" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19080204" type="surname" value="WHITNEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19080204" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19080204" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WHITNEY</hi>, Patrick (25, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19080204-37-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-37-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-37-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>; maliciously wounding
<persName id="t19080204-name-150" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-150" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-150" type="surname" value="CARROLL"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-150" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-37-offence-1 t19080204-name-150"/>Patrick
<lb/>Carroll</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Henry Lancaster prosecuted; Mr. C. L. Collard defended.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-151" type="surname" value="CARROLL"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-151" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>PATRICK CARROLL</persName> </hi>, 48, Little Clarendon Street, Somers Town, labourer. On January 24 I was in the "George" public-house with my brother and two mates, when a friend of prisoner's entered with three females, who had babies in their arms. I got into conversa
<lb/>tion with him; he called for a drink and left our company. Pri
<lb/>soner then entered the house and tried to get his friend to leave,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040048"/>
<p>which he would not do. Prisoner left, returned, and again tried to persuade his friend to leave, which he would not do. Prisoner's friend was drunk. I went out intending to go to the lavatory at Euston Station, followed by my two mates. Prisoner rushed at me and blamed me for detaining his chum in there. I said I had not been in the house 10 minutes. He hit me and I hit him back; then he rushed at me again; I swung aside to avoid the blow and felt something cold down my neck. I then became unconscious. I was taken to the station, a doctor was sent for, and I went to bed; the wound got better the next day, and I am all right now.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I first saw the prisoner in the public-house about 11.45 p.m., when I had been there about five minutes. I had been out selling a few cabbages. I have never spoken to the women with whom prisoner's friend was. I have been employed by F. Sage, of Gray's Inn Road, for three or four years as a labourer. I have been six weeks out of employment. I live near Euston Station, and go past there every day, but I do not wait about there after discharged soldiers and sailors. Prisoner returned to the public-house at about 12 and said to his chum, "Come along, get out of this here com
<lb/>pany"—that was the women, nothing to do with us—his chum was in bad company. I did not follow the prisoner, or strike him until he struck me. I was not drunk. Prisoner was the worse for drink; his chum was drunk. I did not see that prisoner was cutting tobacco with a knife in his hand. When he rushed at me he said, "You are the man I want." I think he took me for somebody else. I was with William Knill and my brother Thomas Carroll.</p>
<p>Re-examined. Since I left Sage's I have worked for the parish and as a costermonger.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-152" type="surname" value="SKANES"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-152" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE SKANES</persName> </hi>, 5, Lancing Street, Somers Town, warehouseman On January 24, as I was about to enter the "George" public-house in Drummond Street, Euston Station, I saw prisoner and prosecutor fighting. Several blows were exchanged, and the prisoner had an open knife in his hand with which he struck the prosecutor in the back. Then he made off to Euston Station; he was stopped by the constable.and arrested.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not see the row begin. I have seen prose
<lb/>cutor in the neighbourhood. I have never seen him hanging about the Euston Station gates. After the blow had been struck prisoner walked towards the station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-153" type="surname" value="MAUGHAN"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-153" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES MAUGHAN</persName> </hi>, divisional surgeon, Albany Street, Somers Town Police Station. In the early morning of January 25 I was called to the station and saw the prisoner and the prosecutor. The prosecutor was suffering from an incised wound half an inch long, situated about four inches on the left side of the spine, just over the eleventh rib. The wound was deep, but had not penetrated the lung; there had been considerable haemorrhage. The man was in a nervous state. The wound was in a dangerous locality, and had it been one-tenth of an inch deeper would have penetrated the chest cavity. Knife</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040049"/>
<p>produced was handed to me by the officer. I found it fitted every one of the rents in the man's clothes and the wound in the flesh. The wound was three-quarters of an inch, to an inch deep. There must have been considerable force used.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The wound must have been inflicted during a Struggle. If it had been a deliberate stab it would have been deeper I did not find any discolorations on the knife. Prosecutor had been drinking. From a casual observation I should say prisoner had been drinking too. I did not see any injury to prisoner's eye, nor was my Attention called to it.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS GARNHAM</hi>, 648 S. On the night of January 24 I saw prisoner and prosecutor fighting in Drummond Street. I parted them, pushed the prisoner across the road towards the railway station, and dispersed the crowd. I then saw them fighting again, went across, and prosecutor said he was stabbed. I went down the station yard, saw prisoner, and took him back to the prosecutor. Prisoner was walking away with both hands in his pockets. I put my hand in prisoner's right-hand pocket and found the knife, pro
<lb/>duced, with the blade open as it is now. When charged the prisoner made no reply.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not see who started the fight. I do not know the prosecutor. I found on prisoner some navy plug tobacco and his papers of discharge, and a railway ticket to Kingstown (pro
<lb/>duced).</p>
<p>Prisoner's statement: When I went in to warn my friend in the public-house he was with some women. I asked him to come away and told him he was in very bad company. This man who was stabbed was in the bar at the time. He asked me what I had to do with taking him away. When I told my friend to come away I walked away towards Euston Station. I was going to put some tobacco in my pipe and my knife was open in my hand. He fol
<lb/>lowed me out of the public-house and hit me two or three blows on my face, so I struck him back, but I did not know the knife was in my hand. He had two or three of his chums round there.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-154" type="surname" value="WHITNEY"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-154" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>PATRICK WHITNEY</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I live at Longford, in Ire
<lb/>land, and am an Army reservist, having been three years with the colours. I was last stationed at Bloemfontein, and left South Africa
<lb/>on December 29, 1907, arriving at Southampton on January 24. I received my discharge at Gosport, and came up to London the same day at seven p.m. with a train full of reserve men, including my friend Hinckley, a gunner in the Royal Field Artillery, in which I was driver. We went about to some public-houses, and my friend went away with two or three women, and entered the "George" public-house, where we had a drink. I asked Hinckley to come away. He would not leave, and I went over to the station to see if the train</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040050"/>
<p>was ready, then went up the street, and returned some time after to the public-house and asked my friend to come away. Prosecutor was drinking there. As Hinckley would not leave I went off to get into the train for Holyhead, when prosecutor followed me and hit me. I was cutting some tobacco to put in my pipe with a penknife. Pro
<lb/>secutor came up from behind and hit me. I bad done nothing to him, and had never seen him before in my life. I turned round and hit him with the hand in which I had my pocket-knife. I was walk
<lb/>ing towards the station when arrested. My discharges are "good." Cross-examined. I had 10s. given me on discharge, and some other money of my own. I and my friend had had a few drinks.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t19080204-37-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-37-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-37-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>Verdict of Unlawful wounding</rs>. His Lordship stated that there were extenuating circumstance.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080204-37-punishment-41" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-37-punishment-41" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-37-punishment-41" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-37-19080204 t19080204-37-punishment-41"/>Three days' imprisonment</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080204-38">
<interp inst="t19080204-38" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080204"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-38" type="date" value="19080204"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080204-38-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-38-19080204 t19080204-38-offence-1 t19080204-38-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-38-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-38-19080204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19080204" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19080204" type="surname" value="PARROTT"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19080204" type="given" value="JOHN HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19080204" type="occupation" value="engineer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PARROTT</hi>, John Henry (24, engineer)</persName>
<rs id="t19080204-38-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-38-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-38-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>; being bailee of certain property, to wit, one motor car, did fraudulently convert the same to his own use and benefit.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. R. D. Muir prosecuted; Mr. Huntly Jenkins defended.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-156" type="surname" value="CRIPPS"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-156" type="given" value="GERALD FAULKNER"/>GERALD FAULKNER CRIPPS</persName> </hi>, 3 and 4, Prince's Street, Cavendish Square, costume manufacturer. I have known prisoner since 1902 or 1903. In November, 1907, he told me he had a motor-car to dis
<lb/>pose of, which I bought of him on December 2, paying £250 by cheque (produced), and transferring my interest in a house-boat called the "Golden Grasshopper," at Henley, in exchange for the car. The transaction took place at my solicitor's office. I intro
<lb/>duced prisoner to my bankers, and he opened an account there with my cheque. Prisoner told me he bad become possessed of the car is June, and had paid £675 for it—£500 in cash and the remainder in bills; that he bought it from Mr. Fletcher. Within a few days I received from Fletcher's solicitors a claim for the car, and I then bought it from him for £350; it was in consequence of the fact that I realised the car belonged to Fletcher, and that we had both been victimised, so he took a smaller price, I paying less than I should have. I valued the car at £500.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I was going to buy the car for £250 in cash, the house-boat and a half interest on the resale of the car for what it would fetch over £325—I think that was the amount—that forming an equivalent to £500, which prisoner had asked for the oar. The "Golden Grasshopper" is a large house-boat sleeping 13 people, and may have cost £1, 000 originally, having been built for Colonel North. She is an old boat, and her present value would be about £150.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-157" type="surname" value="RENDALL"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-157" type="given" value="ROBERT BURNELL"/>ROBERT BURNELL RENDALL</persName> </hi>, of Sutton, Ommanney, and Rendall, 3 and 4, Great Winchester Street, solicitors. Mr. Andrew Fletcher is a client of mine, and I had his car last year for the purpose of getting it sold. In June, 1907, I had it sent to London and stored at the Lanchester Garage Company. On November 16 I agreed to sell it to Mr. Otto, of Stoke Newington, for £500, and seat it by the prisoner to his place on November 16. On November 27 Otto de
<lb/>clared</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040051"/>
<p>himself unable to carry out his agreement, and I sent prisoner with an authority to get the car back, giving him the part agreement signed by Otto to exchange for the part agreement signed by me and a cheque in favour of Otto for £25, being the return of the deposit which Otto had made. I told prisoner he was to take the car back to the Lancheater Garage, where it had been since June. He called At my office about 11 a.m. that morning, and said there was a gentle
<lb/>man whom he knew who was to be at Paddington at two o'clock, who might become a purchaser of the car, and asked if he might show the car to him. I agreed, and told him on the way back to the Lan
<lb/>chester Garage to telephone me from Paddington Station as to whether this gentleman was likely to be a purchaser, and that he was to take the car back to the garage. Prisoner had no authority whatever to sell the car. Some days later I learnt that the car bad not been lodged at the Lanchester Garage, and after inquiry found it at the Napier Garage. I communicated with Mr. Cripps and his solicitors, with the result that Cripps purchased the car from me, acting for Fletcher, for £350 or £375.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I received no receipt from the prisoner, and heard nothing from him until he was on board the ship on his way home from America. Prisoner did not introduce Otto—it was Mr. Barr. Prisoner told me Barr was Otto's agent; his chauffeur. I should have prosecuted prisoner if he had parted with the car with
<lb/>out my sanction. (To the Recorder.) Prisoner never told me he had sold the car. I paid Barr £10' out of £25 I received from Otto, as commission.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-158" type="surname" value="OTTO"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-158" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES OTTO</persName> </hi>, civil engineer. On November 16 I had the car delivered to me, and kept it till November 28, when I delivered it to the prisoner on Rendall's authority.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-159" type="surname" value="LANCHESTER"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-159" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK LANCHESTER</persName> </hi>, London manager of the Lanchester Motor Company, Limited, 311, Oxford Street. Mr. Fletcher's motor-car was garaged with me from June last. No one was permitted to take it out without Rendall's written authority. Prisoner took it out on November 28 and did not bring it back.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. This car never went out without Rendall's in
<lb/>structions. Brett is in our employment and would sometimes be there in my absence.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I have no reason to believe the car was ever sent out without Mr. Rendall's written authority.</p>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK WEST</hi>, C Division. On December 31 I saw the prisoner on the s.s. "Majestic," off Plymouth, homeward bound from New York. I said to him, "I believe your name it Parrott, otherwise Pexter." He said, "Yes, that is right." I said, "I am a police officer; I hold a warrant for your arrest for stealing a motor-car, the property of Mr. Fletcher." He said, "I had Mr. Rendall's authority to sell the car. He told me I could do what I liked by it. I lost £198 odd of the money I received for the car playing Bridge with three card sharpers going out on the boat. The</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040052"/>
<p>reason I did not oppose my extradition was because they told me I should be sent back on the same boat with the girl." He had gone away with a girl.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-160" type="surname" value="RENDALL"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-160" type="given" value="ROBERT BURNELL"/>ROBERT BURNELL RENDALL</persName> </hi>, recalled. I received a letter from pri
<lb/>soner on board the "Majestic": "Mr. Rendall, I do not quite under
<lb/>stand your action after my letter to you explaining exactly what I was doing"—I never received any such other letter—, "Well, you will be the loser in the long run. I will settle on January 12, as I arranged in the letter, but only for the £250, and you must take over the other things. I should have sold the house-boat for £300, and you would have had your £450, but my being arrested has upset the arrange
<lb/>ment. If you withdraw the charge you will have the £250 by the 12th, otherwise I shall fight it to the end.</p>
<p>Re-examined. Exhibits 4 and 5 are a letter and envelope which appear to be in the same handwriting, which were produced by Cripps at the police court. "Tombs, New York, December 16, 1907. Dear Mr. Cripps,—I wired you yesterday as regards the car. Now will you be kind enough to send it back to Mr. Rendall, 4, Great Win
<lb/>chester Street. I shall be in London by the 29th. and will arrange to pay you. I have got into a damned hole, and this is worse than all that could happen. I was over here on business, and should have made some money by now and been right again, but luck is right out. Now please do this and help me, and I will work for you as an engi
<lb/>neer, as I am qualified, free of charge, and by that time might be more sensible than I have been during the last few years. I am a married man, and my wife, who is 18 1/2 years of age, might act as governess to your children. She is will up in everything, and in the course of a year or two will have some money," etc.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080204-38-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-38-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-38-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>. Prisoner admitted having been convicted on November 10, 1906, receiving six months' hard labour for obtaining money by a worthless cheque. Another conviction of four month was proved.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080204-38-punishment-42" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-38-punishment-42" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-38-punishment-42" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-38-19080204 t19080204-38-punishment-42"/>18 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080204-39">
<interp inst="t19080204-39" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080204"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-39" type="date" value="19080204"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080204-39-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-39-19080204 t19080204-39-offence-1 t19080204-39-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-39-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-39-19080204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19080204" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19080204" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19080204" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19080204" type="occupation" value="porter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WHITE</hi>, George (22, porter)</persName>
<rs id="t19080204-39-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-39-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-39-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>; breaking and entering the ware
<lb/>house of
<persName id="t19080204-name-162" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-162" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-39-offence-1 t19080204-name-162"/>Wingrove and Company, Limited</persName>, with intent to steal therein; being found by night having in his possession, without lawful excuse, certain implements of house-breaking.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Colin Smith prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-163" type="surname" value="THACK"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-163" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN THACK</persName> </hi>, foreman to Wingrove and Co., Limited, 8, St. James Street, Clerkenwell. On Saturday, January 18, at 6.30 p.m., I fas
<lb/>tened the premises securely up. I sleep there, and was awakened at 2.15 a.m. by a police whistle. About a quarter of an hour later the electric bell rang. When I came downstairs, found a policeman at the door, and with him searched the place. I found the window on the roof lifted up on the outside. There were marks on the wall where the mortar had been knocked away, on the outside of the window finger marks, and tool marks on the roof as if somebody had</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040053"/>
<p>been up there and opened the window. Nothing was taken. At 5.30 a. m. I went to the station and heard the prisoner charged; he nude no remark.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The premises had not been entered—not right inside.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN PETHICK</hi>, 311, G. Division. On the early morning of January 18. I saw two men on the roof of Wingrove's warehouse, prisoner being one, apparently attempting to get in. I kept observation for about 10 minutes, when I heard a voice from the roof, "Charlie, come down and turn that light off." I saw them coming down and thought they were coming by the wall near which they were standing, instead of which I saw the prisoner and two other men leave the door of the next house, No. 9, St. James Street They caught sight of me, and all ran in different directions. I blew my whistle, and chased the prisoner through Clerkenwell close (where I saw him throw something away), across Clerkenwell Green to Cler
<lb/>kenwell Road, where he was stopped by Marshall. We brought the prisoner back and found the jemmy (produced) on the tide of the road where he had thrown it. He was taken to the station, charged, and made no reply. In his waistcoat pocket I found a screwdriver (produced). The other men got away. There were marks on the roof all the way along—cracks; the skylight had, been forced and was open; there were marks on the inside. The men did not drop down inside. They were all on the roof together.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner was on the roof near the window and evidently forcing it.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK MARSHALL</hi>, 315 G. On this sunday morning I was on duty at the corner of Woodbridge Street. Hearing a whistle I ran down Clerkenwell Road, saw prisoner running with two others, followed by Pethick; I stopped prisoner, and we took him back into Clerkenwell Close, where we saw the jemmy. The other two men got away. Prisoner said, "You are f——g smart; I have done nothing; let me go."</p>
<p>Prisoner's statement: I do not see how it comes in for warehouse breaking. I never entered the premises.</p>
<p>Prisoner (not on oath). All my statement is that I never entered the premises at all. The caretaker himself said the premises had not been entered, and there were no marks on the window.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080204-39-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-39-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-39-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>. Three previous convictions were proved.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080204-39-punishment-43" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-39-punishment-43" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-39-punishment-43" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-39-19080204 t19080204-39-punishment-43"/>20 months' hard labour on each indictment, concurrent.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, February 6.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080204-40">
<interp inst="t19080204-40" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080204"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-40" type="date" value="19080204"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080204-40-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-40-19080204 t19080204-40-offence-1 t19080204-40-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-40-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-40-19080204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-40-19080204" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-40-19080204" type="surname" value="COCKBURN"/>
<interp inst="def1-40-19080204" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-40-19080204" type="occupation" value=""/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COCKBURN</hi>, James (38)</persName>
<rs id="t19080204-40-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-40-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-40-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>; stealing two silver dishes and one silver-plated coffee pot, the goods of
<persName id="t19080204-name-165" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-165" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-165" type="surname" value="BRODRIBB"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-165" type="given" value="EMILY CLARE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-40-offence-1 t19080204-name-165"/>Emily Clare Brodribb</persName>; felo
<lb/>niously marrying
<persName id="t19080204-name-166" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-166" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-166" type="surname" value="BUCK"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-166" type="given" value="CAROLINE ELIZA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-40-offence-1 t19080204-name-166"/>Caroline Eliza Buck</persName>, his wife being then alive;obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t19080204-name-167" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-167" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-167" type="surname" value="JACOBS"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-167" type="given" value="ELLEN ESTHER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-40-offence-1 t19080204-name-167"/>Ellen Esther Jacobs</persName>, the several sums of £100, £25. and £50; and from
<persName id="t19080204-name-168" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-168" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-168" type="surname" value="UPHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-168" type="given" value="JANE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-40-offence-1 t19080204-name-168"/>Jane Upham</persName> one diamond ring and the sum of £16 10s., in each case with intent to defraud; stealing one gold chain and one gold cross, the property of Jane Upham.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040054"/>
<p>Prisoner pleaded guilty to the bigamy indictment.</p>
<p>Mr. Lawless prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-169" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-169" type="surname" value="UPHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-169" type="given" value="JANE"/>JANE UPHAM</persName> </hi>, single woman, residing at 56, Castle Street East, Oxford street draper's assistant. In March last I met prisoner in Castle Street. He asked me to go for a walk and we went to Hamp
<lb/>stead Heath. After that I met him a good many times by appoint
<lb/>ment. He told me he was living at 9, Prince's Street, Hanover Square, and I have two or three times been to his rooms, which were rather fashionably furnished. Early in May I lent him a small sum of money, and he said he would repay me in a week. In the month of June I was walking with him on Hampstead Herth when it com
<lb/>menced to rain. I was wearing outside my jacket a gold chain and gold locket, and I asked him to put it in his pocket and take care of it. When I left him I omitted to ask him for it, having forgotten all about it. When I asked him for it the next time he said he had locked it away. When I asked him for it a second time he said he had lost his keys, and that made me very suspicious. Before I asked him for the locket and chain the second time he had asked me to let him have as much money as I could, and I drew from the Post Office £16 10s. I think that was in July. I let him have the money as he said he was in debt, and it would not do for him to have his name in the papers, and he would not be taken to prison; he would rather shoot himself. He promised to repay me in a week or a fortnight, when he said he would be having plenty of money from a bank in Threadneedle Street. I made the £16 10s. into a parcel, and left it with the housekeeper at No. 9, Prince's Street, and in reply received the following letter:" Kitten, my beloved, why did not you run upstairs with your dear parcel? How can I ever repay your kind
<lb/>ness? I am just racing off to square up, so will you forgive a short note? Can I see you 5.30 on Saturday or any time before? Goodbye, my sweet love. With all my heart and devotion." After that I saw him once a week, and he promised to pay me when he had the money, and to let me have my jewellery. He also had a diamond ring of mine which he wore on his finger for a time. He asked me to let him, wear it in exchange for a plain gold band or bracelet he was wearing. After a time he asked me for the bracelet back, and I returned it to him. I asked him for the ring, and he said it was locked up in a drawer. Having asked him several times for the ring and a gold cross, I eventually taxed him with having pawned them. He replied, "What if I have?" I then asked him for the tickets and he refused to give them to me. I told him I would not leave Hanover Square until I had the tickets from him. He said I could not get the things out unless he wrote me a note, which he did, and gave me the two tickets with it. The things were pledged with T.A.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040055"/>
<p>Robinson, 26, Mortimer Street, Regent Street, the diamond ring for £6 on May 27, and the guard and cross on June 15 for £1 5s. in the name of James Cockburn, of Prince's Street. The note was in the following terms: "9, Prince's Street, Hanover Square, August 2, 1907. To Messrs. T. A. Robinson, Mortimer Street. Gentlemen. Kindly give caller the articles herein mentioned, one diamond ring pledged £6, one gold chain £1 5s—£7 5s.—Yours faithfully, J. Cock
<lb/>received burn." Having got the pawntickets, I never saw him again, but I two letters. The first is headed "Liverpool, August 10, 1907. Good-bye. You have been the cause of this. Sailing to-day.—Jack." The second, written apparently on the same sort of paper, was headed, "Waldorf Astoria, New York, August 19, 1907. Patience is a golden virtue." The letter was stamped "New York." Prisoner told me that he was a man of means and had plenty of money. He spoke several times of his bank in Threadneedle Street, and told me the name of the manager was Baker. He told me he was a major retired from the Army.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. You promised me several times that you would get the rings out, and at last I gave up in despair and demanded the tickets.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-170" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-170" type="surname" value="OWENS"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-170" type="given" value="NELLY"/>NELLY OWENS</persName> </hi>, housemaid, 9, Prince's Street, Hanover Square, re
<lb/>membered last witness leaving a parcel at that house some time in July of last year. Witness took it up to the "major's" flat. He opened the parcel, which contained gold, and gave her two sovereigns to give to the housekeeper. He occupied a flat of four rooms.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-171" type="surname" value="SAUNDERS"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-171" type="given" value="AUGUSTUS"/>AUGUSTUS SAUNDERS</persName> </hi>, assistant to T. A. Robinson, pawnbroker, 26, Mortimer Street, gave evidence as to prisoner pawning the things mentioned.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-172" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-172" type="surname" value="JACOBS"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-172" type="given" value="ELLEN ESTHER"/>ELLEN ESTHER JACOBS</persName> </hi>, ladies fitter, 4, Silver Street, Notting Hill Gate. I am single, and I have known prisoner two or three years as "Major" Cockburn. Early in last August he spoke to me about lend
<lb/>ing him money. He told me he wanted to go away for a holiday, but was hard up and had not the money to go with. I offered to lend him some, and he said he would not take a loan from a woman. I said I would advance him £10, as he was expecting his quarter's money. He said he was in difficulties through a woman, and was overdrawn at his bank to the extent of £75. He said he was a re
<lb/>tired major and had an income of £30 a week, and was also a re
<lb/>tired cattle rancher. He went away for a week. I paid him the £10 by cheque, and on his return I drew a cheque for 100 guineas, out of which I gave him £100. He said he was a rich man and would draw, his money in September. He said he had £30 a week and was heir to his uncle in India who was very rich and would leave him his money if he behaved himself. I mentioned to him that I wanted to insure myself in the Gresham, but he told me I should do better to invest money in the Canadian Sun Insurance Company, in which he was himself insured for several thousands, which he was entitled to draw, but if he did not touch it and married his wife would be entitled to £300 a year. He represented himself as a single man.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040056"/>
<p>The statements as to his means and the insurance were made to me before I advanced him the money. I expected to get my money back. I should not have lent it on chance. When I drew the£105 he put me in a cab at the Trocadero and told me not to walk as it was a large sum of money for me to have. He waited for me at the Trocadero. Of the £45 I drew on August 15 I gave£25 to "Major" Cockburn. The day after I had given him the £100 he sent me a wire to meet him at Netting Hill Gate. I met him with a friend, and he told me he was going away with Lady Skudall. I saw nothing of him then for some time. When I gave him the £25 he told me his cheque was still on the way, and took me to Frascati's to dinner. He asked me for it the previous day at the Popular Cafe, where I lunched every day. I said I would think it over, and I gave it to him the next night in Frascati's. I had also been asked to lend £70 to a friend of mine who was an undischarged bankrupt. I asked prisoner about it and he said he would get advice as to whether I ought to lend an undischarged bankrupt money. He told me that if I lent an undischarged bankrupt money I should be accessory before the fact and liable to imprisonment. At the Frascati dinner he called out to a man who was passing to come and have some dinner with him. He introduced this man to me as Major Probyn, and said, "This is the little girl I asked advice about," and then he made the same statement as to my being an accessory, and Probyn said, "Yes, that is quite correct. Have nothing to do with it at all." On August 31 prisoner asked me for £50, stating that he was still short, and that he had just previously expended £5 in a cable to ascertain why his money had not arrived, and had had a cable in reply assuring him that it was on the way. I gave him the £50 and that left me with £13 in the bank. All the money was to be returned with inte
<lb/>rest. Prisoner knew I wanted to open a business for myself with this money. I gave him a cheque for the £50 and he handed me back £2 out of it. I met him once casually after that and he assured me it was all right. A little later on I met him in Oxford Street and he told me he was going to buy a tin trunk and was going away to Torquay. That was the last time I saw him before his arrest. That would be about the third week in October. He had a black eye and was much bruised, and said he had been run over and was very shaky. When we had conversation, about the insurance he said he was insured in the Sun for several thousands, and he showed me what mine would be if I paid in about £13 a year.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. When I gave you the £10 for a holiday I suggested you should take me with you, and we did go away for a week-end.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-173" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-173" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-173" type="surname" value="READ"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-173" type="given" value="GEORGE EDWARD"/>GEORGE EDWARD READ</persName> </hi>, manager of the Sun Life Assurance Com
<lb/>pany of Canada, 93, Queen Victoria Street, E. C. Prisoner is not in
<lb/>sured with us and never has been, but there was a Cockburn ap
<lb/>pointed a sub-agent of our company in Sheffield in 1904, under our Yorkshire manager, but his name was not James. He was appointed in the name of Maurice Cockburn. Prisoner called at our office about six months ago and said he had a case in hand, and would we</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040057"/>
<p>allow him commission provided he secured it for us. He then men
<lb/>tioned that he held an appointment for our company in Sheffield.</p>
<p>Detective-inspector
<hi rend="smallCaps">SIMMONS</hi>, D Division, stated that he arrested prisoner on the previous charge, and that he had been a married man some years.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-174" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-174" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-174" type="surname" value="COCKBURN"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-174" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES COCKBURN</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath), said he had never led these women to believe that he intended to marry them, and he had treated the money he had from them as loans, as debts that would have to be honourably paid, but there was never any stipulation as to when the money was to be repaid. The ring that he pawned he was perfectly willing to redeem only the lady took the tickets away. Giving details of his earlier life he said he went to the ranks as a private soldier and rose to be a commissioned officer as riding master in record time. As a boy he was going into the Bengal police to follow his father, who was Inspector-General. Since leaving the army he had tried several times to get employment, but he had had no commercial training and was told that they could employ boys for much less than he wanted. Verdict,
<rs id="t19080204-40-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-40-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-40-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Inspector
<hi rend="smallCaps">SIMMONS</hi> said he had made' inquiries and found that pri
<lb/>soner was born in India, and that his father held the post of Inspec
<lb/>tor-General of the Bengal Police. He came to this country at the age of 19 and joined the King's Royal Dragoon Guards, and in 1901 had attained to the position of riding master, with a commission and the rank of lieutenant, having, as he said, accomplished that feat in record time. He was considered one of the smartest cavalry riders in the Army. Having gone on well up to that point and been drafted to the 21st Lancers in Dublin, he got into trouble by passing dishonoured cheques. There was a further charge against him of having lodged a Government horse in payment of a private debt; he was court-martialled, found guilty, and cashiered in July, 1903. After that he went with his wife and two children to Sheffield, where he resided with his mother-in-law, and negotiated for any situation in the life assurance company as sub-agent. After he came to London in 1904 he seemed to have given himself entirely to getting into the company of young women with means. Judging from what he had heard and from his appearance, prisoner had a fascinating way with, ladies, and one woman with whom he had lived for nearly two years had told ham that when he came out from this sentence if she should have £1, 000 she would be willing to give it to him. In the case of one young woman who was separated from her husband, he had ob
<lb/>tained her jewellery, and she had not recovered from the effects of his assault upon her. At the flat he believed there was about £30 owing, and wherever he had been there was money owing. The fraud on Miss Jacobs was a particularly heartless one. She came into a legacy of £300, and within a month or two she was left stranded and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040058"/>
<p>is now out of employment. With regard to the bigamy charge, Miss Buck was licensee of a public-house in one of the suburbs of London. Sentence, Two terms of
<rs id="t19080204-40-punishment-44" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-40-punishment-44" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-40-punishment-44" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-40-19080204 t19080204-40-punishment-44"/>Five years' penal servitude</rs> for the frauds on Miss Jacobs and Miss Upham, the sentences to run concurrently.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080204-41">
<interp inst="t19080204-41" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080204"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-41" type="date" value="19080204"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080204-41-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-41-19080204 t19080204-41-offence-1 t19080204-41-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-41-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-41-19080204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-41-19080204" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-41-19080204" type="surname" value="WALKER"/>
<interp inst="def1-41-19080204" type="given" value="ALFRED WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-41-19080204" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALKER</hi>, Alfred William (21, clerk)</persName>
<rs id="t19080204-41-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-41-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-41-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>; forging and uttering, knowing the same to be forged and uttered, a request for the pay
<lb/>ment of money, with intent to defraud; stealing the sum of £2, the moneys of the
<persName id="t19080204-name-176" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-176" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-41-offence-1 t19080204-name-176"/>V. V. Bread Company, Limited</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. W.H. Leycester prosecuted; Mr. Warburton defended.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-177" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-177" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-177" type="given" value="MARY JANE"/>MARY JANE WHITE</persName> </hi>, manageress of the branch of the V. V. Bread Company, Limited, 59, Barnsbury Street, Islington. The head office of the company is at Brewery Road, Holloway. and Mr. Richardson is the general manager. On Thursday, January 23, at about a quarter to nine in the evening, a man whom I believe to be prisoner came into my branch with an envelope in his hand. He said to me, "Mrs. White?" I said, "Yes." He then handed me the envelope and said, "That is from Mr. Richardson, the manager, and requires an answer in reference to cash". I laid the envelope aside, as I had four customers in the shop, and when I had served them I went into the back parlour and opened the letter. It was addressed to the manage
<lb/>ress of No. 27 depot, and was as follows: "Please give bearer all cash in hand, as we have run short of cash to pay the men to-night. He will give you receipt for same.—Yours faithfully, A. Richardson." The envelope and paper were such as are used by the company. No one outside the business would know that my depot was No. 27. As a rule we give the cash to the carman in the morning, but sometimes a messenger comes with a letter asking for the money. That hap
<lb/>pened on Christmas Day. I believed the letter to be genuine. To the best of my belief the carman had that day taken £. When the letter was brought I had 30s. that we keep over for change, and I gave him also a half sovereign belonging to the day's takings. He signed a receipt for it with a pencil he had in his hand in the name of "F. Williams," but he made out the receipt for £2 10s. instead of £2. That aroused my suspicions, and as soon as I noticed it I tele
<lb/>phoned to the head office. Next day a young man came down from the head office with a note. He was like prisoner, but younger. On Saturday, the 25th, I went with Mr. Richardson and a police officer named Powell to St. George's House, Eastcheap, where prisoner is at work. Mr. Richardson and I waited in the passage where there were a good many young men passing backwards and forwards. I saw prisoner come out of an office into which Powell had gone. I recognised him at once, and when, the officer came out and looked at me, I nodded. He then asked me if that was the man I gave the money to, and I said "Yes" in the hearing of the prisoner, and he was then arrested. I had noticed that prisoner had a tooth missing. When he brought me the note on the Thursday he lit a cigarette and puffed it into my face, and I noticed that he was short of a tooth in the upper jaw.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040059"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-178" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-178" type="surname" value="RICHARDSON"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-178" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR RICHARDSON</persName> </hi>. manager of the V.V. Bread Company in Brewery Road. Prisoner was employed at the head office from November 7 to January 4 as a clerk. On Christmas Day a clerk was. sent to collect money from the different branches, as we were short of cash. There was a great quantity of money lying at the different depots, and we thought it would be safer at the head office, so it was arranged to collect it. I believe prisoner knew that was done. The letter produced, signed "A. Richardson," is not signed by me. I did not on January 23 authorise anybody to go to Mrs. White's depot and collect the cash. I did not give any authority for that letter to be written. When I saw the letter I thought I recognised the writing. I produce the letter written by prisoner asking for a situation, and I say that the two letters resemble each other. The book produced also contains prisoner's writing, which resembles that of the letters. Prisoners brother is still in the service of the company. He is younger than prisoner, but very much like him. After I had looked at the writing I sent prisoner's brother to Mrs. White with a note. I was with Mrs. White and the detective when prisoner was arrested.</p>
<p>To Mr. Warburton. There are 12 clerks engaged at the office. To the best of my recollection only Walker has left us since November. I do not agree that such clerical handwriting as that of the prisoner is vary common.</p>
<p>(Friday, February 7.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-179" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-179" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-179" type="surname" value="TASPLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-179" type="given" value="ARTHUR JOHN"/>ARTHUR JOHN TASPLEY</persName> </hi>, clerk employed by the V.V. Bread Com
<lb/>pany. I know prisoner's handwriting, and have constantly seen it in the course of my employment. On January 23 I received a tele
<lb/>phone message from Mrs. White's branch to the effect that somebody had been there. I went round there and saw the letter signed "A. Richardson," and the envelope and the receipt. I took them back to the head office and examined them, and formed the opinion that they were in prisoner's handwriting. They are similar to the hand
<lb/>writing of the prisoner which appears in the wages book.</p>
<p>Detective
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS POWELL</hi>, Y Division. On the morning of January 25 I went with Mrs. White and Mr. Richardson to St. George's House, Eastcheap. I went into an office and there saw pri
<lb/>soner. I produced to him his own letter asking for a situation, and asked him if that was his writing. He said, "Yes." I said, "On Thursday evening someone went to the shop 59, Barnsbury Street, and there obtained £2 on this note," which I showed him. He said, "I know nothing about that." I told him that from the description Mrs. White, the manageress of the shop, gave me, and on the resem
<lb/>blance of the written documents, I should arrest him on suspicion. He made no immediate reply, but a few seconds afterwards he said, "The writings do resemble one another." I then told him that Mrs. White and Mr. Richardson, his late employer, were in the passage, and he left the office followed very closely by me. When he had got. near the end of the passage Mrs. White nodded her head. When I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040060"/>
<p>got up to him she said, "That is the man I gave £2 to." I then told him I should arrest him, and he replied, "I am absolutely innocent of this. I know nothing whatever about it." I then took him to the Tube station, and while in the tube he said, "I left home about 20 minutes past eight on Thursday evening and returned again about nine. Shortly after then I went to Finsbury Park to see my young lady." I conveyed him to the station. When charged he made no further reply. He asked me what time of night the alleged offence was committed. I told him that Mrs. White had said about a quar
<lb/>ter to nine, but I knew it was somewhere near nine. He resides at 12, Huntingdon Street, Barnsbury, about five minutes' walk from the V. V. bread shop. He has a tooth missing in the middle of the upper jaw.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Mrs. White had told me about the missing tooth before I arrested him.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-180" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-180" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-180" type="surname" value="WALKER"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-180" type="given" value="ALFRED WILLIAM"/>ALFRED WILLIAM WALKER</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I have always pre
<lb/>served a thoroughly respectable character. I left the employ of the prosecutors to better myself, and at the time of the arrest was work
<lb/>ing for Messrs. Myers, Rose, and Co., Limited, coal factors, in East
<lb/>cheap. My usual time for leaving is six o'clock, but this affair oc
<lb/>curred in my late week, and I had to stop and finish any extra work; consequently it was 6. 20 on January 23 before I left. I arrived home within a minute or two of seven o'clock. I remained in doors till within a minute or two of eight o'clock, when I went out to post a letter for my brother, as it being a foggy night he did not want to go. Having posted the letter I went down the Caledonian Road and bought some cigarettes, and then I went to 17, Thornhill Square, to see Leonard Richards, the captain of our cricket club, of which I am secretary. I stopped talking to him till 20 minutes to nine. He was not aware I had left the V.V. Company, and I told him all about my new appointment. After leaving Thornhill Square I went straight home, and the time I arrived there would be about 20 minutes or a quarter to nine. I noticed that my brother was sitting in my father's chair, which was rather unusual, and father was sitting at the table with mother. I asked my brother, who is in the employ of the V. V. Bread Company, what time he left off work, and he said about half past eight. I then wrote to a member of the club whose address I had received from Mr. Richards. Whilst doing so Mrs. Carter, a lodger, came in and spoke to mother. I had not a stamp, and put the letter on the mantelpiece. Father and mother were playing crib
<lb/>bage. I watched them for a few minutes, and then told them I was going out to see my young lady at Finsbury Park, and they re
<lb/>marked it was rather a silly thing to do. I looked at the clock before I went out. It had turned five minutes to nine. My father is a cabinetmaker working at Maple's, in Tottenham Court Road, and as he has to go to business early accurate time is necessary in our</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040061"/>
<p>house. I arrived at my young lady's house not later than 9.15. It is a goodish distance from Barnsbury to her house in Regina Road, Tollington Park. I stayed there some time. When I was leaving I asked Mr. Page where Mrs. Page was, and he said she was at the auction room. I went and fetched her from the auction room, and left the house at a quarter to 11. I did not go near the V. V. bread shop. On the day I was arrested I was called into the managing director's room of Messrs. Myers, Rose, and Co., where Mr. Powell showed me my letter of application and the other letter and envelope. In the passage I saw Mrs. White and Richardson, and Mrs. White said, "That. is the man." I have always been in respectable employ
<lb/>ment. My salary is now 30s., with the promise of a substantial rise at the end of three months.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. It is a fact that I have a tooth missing in the upper jaw.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-181" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-181" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-181" type="surname" value="WALKER"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-181" type="given" value="ALLAN GEORGE"/>ALLAN GEORGE WALKER</persName> </hi>, prisoner's brother, 'spoke to prisoner coming home about seven p.m., having his tea, and writing a letter. Prisoner went out to post a letter, came in about 20 minutes to nine, and went out again just before nine.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-182" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-182" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-182" type="surname" value="RICHARDS"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-182" type="given" value="LEONARD"/>LEONARD RICHARDS</persName> </hi>, clerk in the employ of W. D. and H. O. Wills, Holborn Viaduct, living at 17, Thornhill Square, deposed to having conversation with prisoner on the night of January 23 on matters connected with the cricket club.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-183" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-183" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-183" type="surname" value="WALKER"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-183" type="given" value="JOSEPH ERNEST"/>JOSEPH ERNEST WALKER</persName> </hi>, brother of prisoner, and employed by the V.V. Bread Company, spoke to prisoner's movements on the night of January 23, and evidence of a similar character was given by Mrs.
<hi rend="smallCaps">EMILY CARTER</hi>, the lodger at 12, Huntingdon Street, and Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM WALKER</hi>, prisoner's father.</p>
<p>Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">ARTHUR HENRY PAGE</hi> gave evidence of the visit of his pro
<lb/>spective son-in-law on the night in question.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-184" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-184" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-184" type="surname" value="PENNEY"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-184" type="given" value="GERTRUDE"/>GERTRUDE PENNEY</persName> </hi>, science teacher at the City of London Higher Grade School, pointed out particulars in respect of which she thought prisoner's handwriting differed from that of the letter written in the name of Mr. Richardson.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-185" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-185" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-185" type="surname" value="HERON"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-185" type="given" value="JOHN ROBERT"/>JOHN ROBERT HERON</persName> </hi>, United Methodist Minister,
<hi rend="smallCaps">SAMUEL JOHN ADAMS</hi>, and
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN PERK</hi>, superintendent of a Sunday School, gave evi
<lb/>dence as to prisoner's character.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080204-41-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-41-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-41-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUDGE RENTOUL</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, February 6.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080204-42">
<interp inst="t19080204-42" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080204"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-42" type="date" value="19080204"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080204-42-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-42-19080204 t19080204-42-offence-1 t19080204-42-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-42-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-42-19080204" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-42-19080204" type="surname" value="WEISS"/>
<interp inst="def1-42-19080204" type="given" value="BERTHA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WEISS</hi>, Bertha</persName>
<rs id="t19080204-42-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-42-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-42-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="libel"/>; maliciously publishing certain false and defama
<lb/>tory libels of and concerning
<persName id="t19080204-name-187" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-187" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-187" type="surname" value="GOERSCHEN"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-187" type="given" value="ERNEST VON"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-42-offence-1 t19080204-name-187"/>Ernest Von Goerschen</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t19080204-42-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-42-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="specialVerdict"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-42-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Prisoner pleaded Guilty, but was remanded to next Session, in order that her state of mind might be inquired into</rs>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040062"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE MR</hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUSTICE PHILLIMORE</hi>.</p>
<p>(Friday, February 7.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080204-43">
<interp inst="t19080204-43" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080204"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-43" type="date" value="19080204"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080204-43-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-43-19080204 t19080204-43-offence-1 t19080204-43-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-43-19080204" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-43-19080204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-43-19080204" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-43-19080204" type="surname" value="ROBINSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-43-19080204" type="given" value="ARTHUR JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-43-19080204" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBINSON</hi>, Arthur John (24, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19080204-43-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080204-43-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-43-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/>; wilful murder of
<persName id="t19080204-name-189" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-189" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-189" type="surname" value="CRANFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-189" type="given" value="EDITH MARTHA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080204-43-offence-1 t19080204-name-189"/>Edith Martha Cranfield</persName>; the like on coroner's inquisition.</rs> </p>
<p>Sir Charles Mathews and Mr. I. A. Symmons prosecuted. Mr. R.F. Graham-Campbell (at the request of the Court) defended.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-190" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-190" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-190" type="surname" value="CRANFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-190" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>ELIZA CRANFIELD</persName> </hi>, domestic servant, Bexley, sister of deceased. I identified my sister's body at the mortuary on January 21. Her age was 26. She had been employed as parlour maid at Bourne Road, Bexley, in which situation she had been for about 15 months. I knew prisoner. He had been keeping company with the deceased for about two years. The envelope and letter produced are in my sister's handwriting. On the letter marked C my sister's signature is at the end. On letter D from "Dear Con." down to "Your loving sister Edith" is in her handwriting; the rest is not.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have seen prisoner from time to time, but have not noticed that latterly he has been depressed in manner. I did not see him very frequently.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-191" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-191" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-191" type="surname" value="ROBINSON"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-191" type="given" value="ARTHUR HERBERT"/>ARTHUR HERBERT ROBINSON</persName> </hi>, assistant to Lloyd and Son, 16, Pier Road, Erith. I knew prisoner as a customer; on January 18 he purchased a razor and paid 2s. 8d. for it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-192" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-192" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-192" type="surname" value="TRUNDLE"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-192" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES TRUNDLE</persName> </hi>, Belvedere, labourer. On September 19 I was going towards Bostal Heath, and at the corner of Wickham Lane I met prisoner and his young lady. I knew prisoner, but not the lady; this was at 8.15 p.m. We bade each other good-night.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">EDGAR CATT</hi>, 660 R. At 12.45 a.m. on Monday, January 20, I was on duty at Bostal Heath, when I saw prisoner coming to me from the heath; there was blood coming from his left wrist. He had a wound on the throat. He said to me, "I want you to take me in charge, constable; I have murdered my sweetheart. She is on a seat this side of the bandstand." I said, "Are you really telling me the truth?" He replied, "Yes, I am; that is a fact." I tried to stop the bleeding, and then took prisoner to Dr. Holmes, who has a cottage at Bostal Heath. I told the doctor, in prisoner's hearing, what the latter had said to me. The doctor dressed the wounds, and I searched prisoner, finding a bloodstained razor (pro
<lb/>duced) in his right-hand coat pocket. The blood was fresh on the razor. He handed me the three letters produced, A was opened, but B and C were sealed. I handed them to another officer. Pri
<lb/>soner said that his name was Arthur John Robinson, of 1, Maxim
<lb/>feldt Road, Erith. I then took him to the infirmary. Sergeant Shil
<lb/>liter was in my company on coming out of the doctor's, and I told him what prisoner had said. The latter had told me the name and address of deceased. On the way to the infirmary prisoner said, "She is quite dead; I made up my mind to do the job. She is pregnant by me, and I am not in a position to get married to her. We made up our minds to die together. I cut her throat and then</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190802040063"/>
<p>my own and left wrist. I bought the razor at Lloyd's, Pier Road, Erith." At the infirmary I handed him over to Dr. Davis.</p>
<p>Cross-eramined. I have been in the R Division just on two years.</p>
<p>Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK SHILLITER</hi>, 31 R. In consequence of informa
<lb/>tion I went on January 21, about 1.10 a.m., to Dr. Holmes's, "The Cottage," Bostal Heath, where I saw prisoner and the last witness. In prisoner's hearing Catt said to me, "This man has told me he has murdered his sweetheart on a seat on Bostal Heath, near the band-stand," that he had cut his own throat and his left hand with the razor he (Catt) produced. That is the razor (produced). Prisoner said nothing then. We went to the house, and at the gate prisoner said to me, "You know where to find her; she is on the seat near the bandstand; it was a quarter past 11 when I did it." Prisoner seemed very cool and rational. I went to the bandstand with the doctor, and found, as prisoner had said, the woman sitting on the seat. After being seen by the divisional surgeon, the body was taken to Woolwich mortuary, where I searched it and found two newspaper cuttings (produced). (Two cuttings, one headed, "Tra
<lb/>gedy of an honest couple," referring to the suicide of a man and woman by drowning, the other referring to a divorce case, were handed to the jury.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080204-name-193" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080204-name-193" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-193" type="surname" value="HOLMES"/>
<interp inst="t19080204-name-193" type="given" value="JOHN ROBERT"/>JOHN ROBERT HOLMES</persName> </hi>, "The Cottage," Bostal Heath, medical prac
<lb/>titioner, confirmed the bringing of prisoner to him by Catt, and what was said. I examined prisoner's throat, and found a wound about two inches long, superficial; no important vessels were cut. It was a jagged wound, the result of one cut apparently, end from a blunt instrument. It may have been done by the razor produced. There was also a wound on the wrist of about an inch and a quarter; it was not bleeding when I examined it, and apparently no artery was cut. It is difficult to say whether the bleeding stopped of itself or by the pressure which the constable applied to it. I dressed the wounds temporarily. When I asked prisoner why he had done it he said, "That is a thing best known to ourselves; she was quite willing to die." I went with Shilliter and found the dead woman on a seat near the bandstand, resting on her elbow, with the head inclined to the left side. The body was cold; this was at 1.15 a.m.; and con
<lb/>sistent with death at 11.15. I found a large wound across the throat; (blood on the dress and on the ground. The wound was such as would have killed her instantly; it went right through to the spine. There was an impression of a man's boot at the back of. the seat, as though her assailant had stood behind. I made a post
<lb/>mortem at the mortuary on the following Tuesday. The cause of death was hemorrhage from the wounds; there were three nicks on the spine, showing three wounds. The womb contained a six months' male foetus.</p>
<p