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<div1 type="frontMatter" id="f19080107">
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<p>1908, JANUARY.</p>
<p>Vol. CXLVIII.] Part 879.</p>
<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</p>
<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>BELL, MAYOR.</p>
<p>THIRD SESSION,</p>
<p>HELD JANUARY 7TH, 1908, AND FOLLOWING DAYS.</p>
<p>MINUTES OF EVIDENCE,</p>
<p>TAKEN IN SHORTHAND BY</p>
<p>
<persName id="t19080107-name-1">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-1" type="surname" value="WALPOLE"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-1" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WALPOLE</persName>,</p>
<p>Shorthand Writer to the Court.</p>
<p>POINTS OF LAW AND PRACTICE</p>
<p>EDITED BY</p>
<p>R. F. GRAHAM-CAMPBELL, ESQUIRE,</p>
<p>OF THE INNER TEMPLE.</p>
<p>[Published by Annual Subscription.]</p>
<p>LONDON:</p>
<p>
<persName id="t19080107-name-2">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-2" type="surname" value="WALPOLE"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-2" type="given" value="GEO"/>GEO. WALPOLE</persName>, 1, NEW COURT, LINCOLN'S INN, W.C.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070002"/>
<p>PRINTED BY</p>
<p>THE ARGUS PRINTING COMPANY, LIMITED,</p>
<p>CORNER OF TUDOR STREET AND TEMPLE AVENUE,</p>
<p>LONDON, E.C.</p>
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<p>THE</p>
<p>WHOLE PROCEEDINGS</p>
<p>On the King's Commission of</p>
<p>OYER AND TERMINER AND GAOL DELIVERY</p>
<p>FOR</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>AND GAOL DELIVERY FOR THE</p>
<p>COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX, AND THE PARTS OF THE COUNTIES OF ESSEX, KENT, AND SURREY WITHIN THE JURISDICTION</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT,</p>
<p>Held on Tuesday, January 7th, 1908, and following days.</p>
<p>Before the Right Hon. Sir
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-3" type="surname" value="BELL"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-3" type="given" value="JOHN CHARLES"/>JOHN CHARLES BELL</persName> </hi>, Knight, Alderman,
<hi rend="largeCaps">LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; the Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-4" type="surname" value="BIGHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-4" type="given" value="JOHN CHARLES"/>JOHN CHARLES BIGHAM</persName> </hi>, Knight, one of the Justices of His Majesty's High Court; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">HENRY E. KNIGHT</hi>, Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEO. F. FAUDEL-PHILLIPS</hi>, Bart., G.C.I.E., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAS. T. RITCHIE</hi>, Bart., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEO. W. TRUSCOTT</hi>, Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOS. B. CROSBY,
<persName id="t19080107-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-5" type="surname" value="ALLISTON"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-5" type="given" value="FREDK"/>FREDK. ALLISTON</persName> </hi>, Esq., and
<hi rend="smallCaps">F. HOWSE</hi>, Esq., Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">FORREST FULTON</hi>, Knight, K.C., Recorder of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-6" type="surname" value="BOSANQUET"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-6" type="given" value="FREDERICK ALBERT"/>FREDERICK ALBERT BOSANQUET</persName>, K.C</hi>., Common Serjeant of the said City; His Honour Judge
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-7" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-7" type="given" value="LUMLEY"/>LUMLEY SMITH</persName>, K.C</hi>., Commissioner, His Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-8" type="surname" value="BURNETT"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-8" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID BURNETT</persName> </hi>, Esq., Alderman</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CHARLES CHEERS WAKEFIELD</hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CLAUDIUS GEORGE ALGAE</hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-9" type="surname" value="LANGTON"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-9" type="given" value="JOSEPH DAVID"/>JOSEPH DAVID LANGTON</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
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<p>1908.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BELL, MAYOR. THIRD SESSION</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RECORDER</hi>.</p>
<p>(Tuesday, January 7.)</p> </div1>
<p>
<persName id="t19080107-name-10">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-10" type="age" value="44"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-10" type="surname" value="LETTS"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-10" type="given" value="WILLIAM GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-10" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LETTS</hi>, William George (44, clerk)</persName>, pleaded guilty at the November Sessions of fraudulent conversion of £78 10s. 3d., being the children's holiday fund in connection with Marylebone Parish Church, and was respited at large in order that restitution should be made. Mr. Curtis Bennett now stated on behalf of Canon Barker that prisoner had repaid the sum which he stated he desired to repay, and Canon Barker asked that a lenient sentence might be passed. Sentence, One month's imprisonment, entitling prisoner to be dis
<lb/>charged.</p>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">TAYLOR</hi>, William (23, groom)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080107-2-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-2-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-2-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19080107-2-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-2-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-2-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>of stealing one purse and the sum of £1 4s. 1 3/4 d., the goods and moneys of
<persName id="t19080107-name-12" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-12" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-12" type="surname" value="RUNDLE"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-12" type="given" value="LILIAN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-2-offence-1 t19080107-name-12"/>Lilian Rundle</persName>, from her person.</rs> Several convictions were proved. Sen
<lb/>tence,
<rs id="t19080107-2-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-2-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-2-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-2-19080107 t19080107-2-punishment-1"/>12 months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-3-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-3-19080107 t19080107-3-offence-2 t19080107-3-verdict-1"/>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-3-19080107" type="defendantName">
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<interp inst="def1-3-19080107" type="age" value="49"/>
<interp inst="def1-3-19080107" type="surname" value="MILLS"/>
<interp inst="def1-3-19080107" type="given" value="CLARA MATILDA"/>
<interp inst="def1-3-19080107" type="occupation" value="postmistress"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MILLS</hi>, Clara Matilda (49, postmistress)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080107-3-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-3-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-3-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19080107-3-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-3-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-3-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>of forg
<lb/>ing a Post Office notice of withdrawal for the sum of £30 and a receipt for same, she being then employed under the Post Office;</rs>
<rs id="t19080107-3-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-3-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-3-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>having been entrusted with certain money, to wit, the sum of £30, to pay to one
<persName id="t19080107-name-14" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-14" type="surname" value="MCKAY"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-14" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-3-offence-2 t19080107-name-14"/>John McKay</persName>, did fraudulently convert a part thereof to her own use and benefit;</rs>
<rs id="t19080107-3-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-3-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-3-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>embezzling the sum of £3, the moneys of the
<persName id="t19080107-name-15" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-15" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-3-offence-3 t19080107-name-15"/>Postmaster-General</persName>, she then being employed under the Post Office.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner had charge of the office in Prince Regent's Lane, London Docks. In 1905 a Mrs. Rowe, an illiterate woman who can neither read nor write, and with her husband carries on a small fish busi
<lb/>ness, had accumulated £108 Representing that she had a safe for the deposit of pass books prisoner obtained possession of Mrs. Rowe's book and forged the withdrawal order. Subsequent deposits at the rate of nearly £1 per week prisoner did not account for, but showed the old lady a false pass-book, and the latter person being unable to read the entries thought the account was all right. McKay was also an illiterate depositor. He, wanting to withdraw £10, prisoner</p>
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<p>altered the withdrawal form to £30, and pocketed the difference. She was stated to have been in the hands of the moneylenders and to have been paying 130 per cent. interest.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080107-3-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-3-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-3-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-3-19080107 t19080107-3-punishment-2"/>Nine months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-4-19080107" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-4-19080107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19080107" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19080107" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19080107" type="given" value="BERTIE"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19080107" type="occupation" value="decorator and occasional postman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JONES</hi>, Bertie (30, decorator and occasional postman)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080107-4-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-4-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-4-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19080107-4-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-4-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-4-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>of stealing a post letter containing a gold bracelet, the goods of
<persName id="t19080107-name-17" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-17" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-4-offence-1 t19080107-name-17"/>the Postmaster-General</persName>, he being employed under the Post Office.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080107-4-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-4-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-4-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-4-19080107 t19080107-4-punishment-3"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19080107-5" type="date" value="19080107"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-5-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-5-19080107 t19080107-5-offence-2 t19080107-5-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-5-19080107" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-5-19080107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19080107" type="surname" value="WALKER"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19080107" type="given" value="FRANK EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALKER</hi>, Frank Edward</persName>,
<rs id="t19080107-5-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-5-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-5-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19080107-5-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-5-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-5-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>of stealing a post letter containing a postal order for the payment of £1, the property of
<persName id="t19080107-name-19" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-19" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-5-offence-1 t19080107-name-19"/>the Postmaster-General</persName>, he being employed under the Post Office;</rs>
<rs id="t19080107-5-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-5-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-5-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>steal
<lb/>ing a post letter containing two postal orders for the payment of £1 and 15s. respectively, the property of
<persName id="t19080107-name-20" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-20" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-5-offence-2 t19080107-name-20"/>the Postmaster-General</persName>, he being employed under the Post Office.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080107-5-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-5-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-5-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-5-19080107 t19080107-5-punishment-4"/>Nine months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19080107-6" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080107"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-6" type="date" value="19080107"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-6-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-6-19080107 t19080107-6-offence-1 t19080107-6-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-6-19080107" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-6-19080107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19080107" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19080107" type="surname" value="PIESSE"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19080107" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19080107" type="occupation" value="waiter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PIESSE</hi>, Frederick (20, waiter)</persName>
<rs id="t19080107-6-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-6-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-6-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, indicted for maliciously wound
<lb/>ing
<persName id="t19080107-name-22" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-22" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-22" type="surname" value="PEARCE"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-22" type="given" value="ARTHUR CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-6-offence-1 t19080107-name-22"/>Arthur Charles Pearce</persName> with intent to do him some grievous bodily harm,</rs>
<rs id="t19080107-6-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-6-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-6-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>pleaded guilty of unlawful wounding</rs>. Prosecutor is general manager of Lockhart's, Limited, where prisoner was formerly employed, and prisoner imagined he had a grievance, because after he had been discharged a written reference which he gave on entering the employment was not given up.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080107-6-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-6-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-6-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-6-19080107 t19080107-6-punishment-5"/>Nine months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<p>
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<interp inst="def1-7-19080107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19080107" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19080107" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19080107" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19080107" type="occupation" value="gasfitter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SMITH</hi>, Harry (27, gasfitter)</persName>
<rs id="t19080107-7-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-7-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-7-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>; being armed with a life preserver, feloniously assaulting
<persName id="t19080107-name-24" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-24" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-24" type="surname" value="DALGLEISH"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-24" type="given" value="ELEANOR"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-7-offence-1 t19080107-name-24"/>Eleanor Dalgleish</persName>, with intent to steal the goods of
<persName id="t19080107-name-25" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-25" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-25" type="surname" value="DALGLEISH"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-25" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-7-offence-1 t19080107-name-25"/>Robert Dalgleish</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Brice prosecuted; Mr. Lawless defended.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-26" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-26" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-26" type="surname" value="DALGLEISH"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-26" type="given" value="ELEANOR"/>ELEANOR DALGLEISH</persName> </hi>, wife of Robert Dalgleish, 23, Longhurst Road, Lee. On December 17, between half-past four and quarter to five, a man brought me a parcel and asked me to sign a book, which I did. A few minutes afterwards he came back and said, "You have not signed in the right place; will you sign here?" I took it to the sitting-room where there was a light, and said, "See, I have signed it." He took the book out of my hand, and said, "Sign here," and as I was signing it he gave me a blow on the head which broke my comb, and another on the forehead. I won't be sure which hand he held the weapon in. I screamed and ran out at the back; the man went out of the front door and the neighbours came in. In the hall I picked up a parcel and book headed, "Benn and Co.," and the life preserver. I was not expecting a parcel. A neighbour went for a policeman. After the police came I opened the parcel. It contained four stones and was correctly addressed. Three days afterwards I saw prisoner at Blackheath Police Court alone in the charge-room. I had known him before as a working plumber and gasfitter and he had worked at my house. On the 17th I recognised what I saw of him, as he had his cap drawn over his face and his coat collar turned</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070007"/>
<p>up, but I saw his eyes. I cannot swear that the man who called was the prisoner, but I believe it was. I had known him since last August twelve months. I have never had any quarrel with him.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I am certain in my heart that prisoner was the man who assaulted me.</p>
<p>Inspector
<persName id="t19080107-name-27" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-27" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-27" type="surname" value="LAMBERT"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-27" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE LAMBERT</hi> </persName>, K Division. At 9.30 p.m., on Decem
<lb/>ber 17, I went to 23, Longhurst Road, and saw the last witness, who was in an, excited condition. She had a slight bruise under the eye and on the forehead, and a slightly out lip. On the following day, in consequence of something she had said to me, I kept observation on 39, Hargrave Road, Upper Holloway, with another officer. Seeing prisoner leave the house and walk quickly up the street I sent Detec
<lb/>tive Pittway after him. When he brought him back I said to pri
<lb/>soner, "Smith, you know me?" He said, "Yes, I remember you." I told him I should take him to the station on the charge of assault
<lb/>ing Mrs. Dalgleish. I produced the book, and said, "This is in your hand writing, and was left behind at 23, Longhurst Road, by the man who assaulted Mrs. Dalgleish." He replied, "I do not deny that is my book and writing, but I have not seen it since I left Lee." That referred to his former residence there. He also said, "I was at home all day until nine p.m. I was not in Lewisham." I searched his rooms and took possession of a grey overcoat, which prisoner after
<lb/>wards owned to. In the ticket pocket I found the 'bus ticket produced. I also took possession of some insulated copper wire, a ball of string, a piece of string, a label, and a piece of blue carbonised paper for copying. I took them to Upper Holloway Station, where Smith was detained, showed them to him, and told him that they were similar to the mate
<lb/>rials of which the life preserver was made up. The handle of the life preserver is made up of insulated copper wire cut off in lengths and stiffened with a piece of cane and tied with string similar to that pro
<lb/>duced. The head of the life preserver is wrapped with canvas, filled probably with sand. He made no reply. I took him to Blackheath Police Station, where he was charged on the, following morning. He said, "I came in about two o'clock and did not go out again until nine p.m." It would take about three-quarters of an hour to get from Lee to London Bridge.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not make a note of what prisoner had said until I got back to his rooms. His house is about five or six minutes' walk from the station. It was done prior to finding the articles. Prisoner did not say when I produced the book, "I admit it is like my book, but I have not seen it since I left High Road, Lee, about nine weeks ago." I realise that if he admitted the writing he ad
<lb/>mitted that he was the man who committed the assault. I did not My anything about the 'bus ticket at the first hearing, nor did I say anything to prisoner about it. I kept that back until I had made inquiries. The insulated wire is generally used for electric purposes. Some plumbers may be in the habit of repairing electric wires. I should say the wire produced is a common form of wire, but I have</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070008"/>
<p>never seen any like this, which appears to have a sort of leather covering. There is nothing uncommon about the string. I found some pieces of cane in the house. The cane in the handle is a trifle thicker than that found in the house. I saw prisoner write his name, "H. Smith," in September last, to a statement, and his handwriting is similar to that in the book.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-28" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-28" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-28" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-28" type="given" value="EDITH ROSINA"/>EDITH ROSINA JOHNSON</persName> </hi>, wife of William Johnson, living at Lee. On the evening of December 17 I went out about quarter-past seven, and in going from Lewis Grove into the High Street, Lewisham, I met a young man accompanied by a lady. I recognised the man at once as a customer of ours, Mr. Smith, the prisoner, as I thought. He has bought and sold paper for me. I know him as a decorator by trade.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have not said I am certain, but I believe pri
<lb/>soner is the man I passed. I did not take particular notice of the lady. She was not an old lady by any means. I had not seen her before.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-29" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-29" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-29" type="surname" value="LEE"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-29" type="given" value="CHARLES JAMES"/>CHARLES JAMES LEE</persName> </hi>, Holloway Road, conductor to the London General Omnibus Company. I issued the ticket produced on Decem
<lb/>ber 17, as I see by my way-bill, on the second journey in my after
<lb/>noon shift. I left London Bridge at 8.30, and that was the only 3d. ticket I issued that journey. It is from London Bridge to Highgate. The passenger got into the 'bus in London Bridge Station yard. I can say the passenger was a man because I only had one lady that journey.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I was first spoken to about this on Friday, De
<lb/>cember 20, by Detective Pittway. The way-bill was in the possession of the company and I had to go and get it. It is very seldom we have lady passengers out of London Bridge Station. The detective asked me if I recognised ticket No. 5371. When I was spoken to the last ticket on the bundle was 5376, so I had only issued five other tickets of that kind since the Tuesday.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-30" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-30" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-30" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-30" type="given" value="HARRY AUSTIN"/>HARRY AUSTIN SMITH</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath.) I have served my time as a plumber and gasfitter, and was carrying on business at Lee as a master man until about three months ago. The insulator wire pro
<lb/>duced is a common kind of stuff for plumbers to have who look after electric bell and telephone installations. On December 17 I was not in the neighbourhood of Lee at all. Being arrested the very next day by Inspector Lambert my attention was called at once to the previous day, and I was able to remember my movements quite well. I went out about 10 o'clock in the morning to the Free Library to look at the shipping news to see whether my brother's boat had arrived at Calcutta. I got back home about five minutes to two and had dinner, and sat reading all the afternoon, and I made out a list of the stuff I should require, as I was thinking of opening a shop in the North of London. I did not go out again till nine, and was at home the whole time. When the inspector told me he should arrest</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070009"/>
<p>me for assaulting Mrs. Dalgleish the previous day, I said it was absolutely ridiculous. I know Mrs. Dalgleish, and have worked at her house several times, and have always had the greatest respect for her. The inspector opened the book, showed me the names and addresses, and said, "Is this your book, Smith?" I said it might be, but I did not recognise having had such a book in my possession for two months and a half at least. I knew he had my signature to a written statement made about four months previously. It is not true that the writing in the book is mine, nor is the writing on the label. As to the 'bus ticket, I deny that I ever made that journey on the Tuesday (17th). If I wanted to come from Lee I should go to Charing Cross, and from there by the Hampstead tube to High-gate. I have never had a criminal charge brought against me.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I left Lee because trade was very bad. The statement of the inspector that I said with regard to the book, "I do not deny it is my book and writing, but I have not seen the book since I left Lee," is false. I did not write the name, "Holmes, Ennersdale Road," in the book. Holmes is my father-in-law. I do not know Mr. White, of Radford Road. I think there is a person named Drew living in Longhurst Road. I lived in Lee about four or five years. I know a Mr. Turpin, of High Road, Lee, as keeping a baker's shop, but not personally. Mr. Fewing is one of my late customers. I have never seen the life preserver. When it was shown to me I said nothing.</p>
<p>The jury compared prisoner's signature with the handwriting in the book.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-31" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-31" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-31" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-31" type="given" value="ETHEL"/>ETHEL SMITH</persName> </hi>, prisoner's wife, gave evidence that prisoner was at home on December 17, from two o'clock until nine o'clock, with the exception that at six o'clock he went out to get a paper. In cross-examination she said the only thing she saw taken out of the over
<lb/>coat pocket was a piece of cardboard that belonged to the back of a small hand looking-glass.</p>
<p>Mr. Lawless submitted that there was no evidence of intention to rob, and that the attack was quite consistent with spite.</p>
<p>Mr. Brice pointed out that neither was there any evidence of spite nor any other reason, but there was evidently an attempt to make this woman insensible and there must have been some object for that.</p>
<p>The Recorder said that Mr. Brice as appearing for the Crown had to establish all and every one of the allegations contained in the indictment. Nothing had been taken away or attempted to be taken. The woman was struck a blow and the man ran away. That was not sufficient to establish that the object of the assault was robbery.</p>
<p>Mr. Brice thought the inference from the fact that the man made up a parcel in which he placed four stones showed that he had a particular desire to get inside the house.</p>
<p>The Recorder. That is consistent with his having a grudge against the woman and a desire to assault her by blows. it is open to either interpretation—either the man for some reason which is not disclosed bad some spite against her and assaulted her from motives of revenge or he may have had the object of robbery—it will not do to lay it on that part of the charge.</p>
<p>Mr. Brice. There has been no evidence as to-grudge.</p>
<p>The Recorder. The evidence of identity is very slight.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070010"/>
<p>Mr. Lawless. If there are two theories, one in favour of the prisoner and the other against him, I am entitled to take the one that is in his favour if there is no evidence.</p>
<p>The Recorder observed that there was very little evidence of identity, and as to the evidence of handwriting the evidence of a signature only was not very satisfac
<lb/>tory. He was reluctant to stop the case.</p>
<p>(Thursday, January 9.)</p>
<p>Mr. Brice submitted that the jury in such a case as this should presume an intent to rob. There was no reason why prisoner should have any grudge against Mrs. Dalgleish. It had been held over and over again in cases of violent assault with intent to rob there was no necessity to prove a demand of money or goods. A sudden attack without reason was sufficient to substantiate and justify the charge of attempting to rob. Counsel referred to R.v. Trusty (1783) 1 East, P.C. 418.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080107-7-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-7-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-7-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>(
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.)</p>
<p>(Tuesday, January 7.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080107-8">
<interp inst="t19080107-8" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080107"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-8" type="date" value="19080107"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-8-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-8-19080107 t19080107-8-offence-1 t19080107-8-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-8-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-8-19080107 t19080107-8-offence-1 t19080107-8-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-8-19080107" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-8-19080107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19080107" type="age" value="44"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19080107" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19080107" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19080107" type="occupation" value="dealer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SMITH</hi>, William (44, dealer)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-8-19080107" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-8-19080107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-8-19080107" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def2-8-19080107" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def2-8-19080107" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def2-8-19080107" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BROWN</hi>, Thomas (32, labourer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080107-8-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-8-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-8-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19080107-8-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-8-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-8-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>of uttering counterfeit coin twice on the same day to
<persName id="t19080107-name-34" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-34" type="surname" value="WILKINSON"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-34" type="given" value="THOMAS ANDREW"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-8-offence-1 t19080107-name-34"/>Thomas Andrew Wilkinson</persName>, well knowing the same to be counterfeit.</rs> </p>
<p>There were other indictments which were not proceeded with.</p>
<p>Smith confessed to being convicted on July 3, 1888, of uttering, when he received 15 months' hard labour. Other convictions proved: February 15, 1890, three months; May 1, 1891, six months; Octo
<lb/>ber 6, 1893, robbery, with violence, three years' penal servitude; September 8, 1896, robbery, three years; July 25, 1899, wounding, five years; North London Sessions, October 25, 1904, 18 months. Five short convictions for robbery were proved against Brown.</p>
<p>Sentences: Smith,
<rs id="t19080107-8-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-8-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-8-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-8-19080107 t19080107-8-punishment-6"/>18 months' hard labour</rs>; Brown,
<rs id="t19080107-8-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-8-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-8-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-8-19080107 t19080107-8-punishment-7"/>14 months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080107-9">
<interp inst="t19080107-9" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080107"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-9" type="date" value="19080107"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-9-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-19080107 t19080107-9-offence-1 t19080107-9-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-9-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-9-19080107 t19080107-9-offence-1 t19080107-9-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-9-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-19080107 t19080107-9-offence-2 t19080107-9-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-9-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-9-19080107 t19080107-9-offence-2 t19080107-9-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-9-charge-5" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-9-19080107 t19080107-9-offence-3 t19080107-9-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-9-19080107" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-9-19080107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19080107" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19080107" type="surname" value="TURNER"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19080107" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19080107" type="occupation" value="baker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">TURNER</hi>, Joseph (37, baker)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-9-19080107" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-9-19080107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-9-19080107" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def2-9-19080107" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="def2-9-19080107" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def2-9-19080107" type="occupation" value="carpenter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHNSON</hi>, Thomas (30, car
<lb/>penter)</persName>
<rs id="t19080107-9-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-9-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-9-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>; both uttering counterfeit coin twice on the same day, well knowing the same to be counterfeit;</rs>
<rs id="t19080107-9-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-9-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-9-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>possessing counterfeit coin, well knowing the same to be counterfeit, with latent to utter the same;</rs> Johnson,
<rs id="t19080107-9-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-9-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-9-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>feloniously possessing counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Robert Wilkinson prosecuted.</p>
<p>Johnson was first tried for misdemeanour.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-37" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-37" type="surname" value="BELL"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-37" type="given" value="AMBROSE"/>AMBROSE BELL</persName> </hi>, barman, "The Victoria," High Street, Stoke New
<lb/>ington. On December 7, at about 11 p.m., a man, not Johnson, came into the bar and asked for half of burton, tendering what ap
<lb/>peared to be a florin. I served the beer and gave the change, 1s. 10 1/2 d., but being doubtful about the coin I took it again from the till, broke it, and put the pieces before him. He then pulled out a handful of money, and said he had taken it in change for a half-sovereign. I took up half a crown and gave him an additional 6d. change. I gave the man the pieces of the coin.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070011"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-38" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-38" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-38" type="surname" value="DOVE"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-38" type="given" value="ALBERT EDWARD"/>ALBERT EDWARD DOVE</persName> </hi>, manager, "Walford" public-house, 121, Stoke Newington Road. On December 7, at about 11.15 p.m., a man, not Johnson, ordered half of Burton, and tendered a florin. I perceived the coin was bad, broke it up, and gave him the pieces. He then paid me with a good half crown.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-39" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-39" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-39" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-39" type="given" value="EDWIN HENRY"/>EDWIN HENRY CLARK</persName> </hi>, 115c, Stoke Newington Road, draper. On De
<lb/>cember 7, shortly after 11 p.m., prisoner Johnson was standing under the awning of my shop. I was standing on the step. Three police officers came and asked prisoner what he had on him and took a coin from his pocket. I heard something drop to the ground, picked it up close to his foot, and gave it to the officers. It was the packet of coins produced.</p>
<p>Detective
<persName id="t19080107-name-40" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-40" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-40" type="surname" value="ADAMSON"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-40" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES ADAMSON</hi> </persName>, N Division. On December 7, at 11 p.m., I was with Sharp and another officer in Stoke Newington Road, when I saw Turner leave the "Victoria," and followed. He went on to the corner of Brooke Road and went into the "White Hart," where he was served with a drink, remained about two minutes, came out, and went towards Dalston. I then saw Johnson leave the private bar of the "White Hart"; he whistled to Turner, who looked round, crossed the road, and was joined by Johnson. The prisoner then walked to the corner of Evering Road, stood there for two minutes, and then walked to Foulden Road, where Turner crossed and entered the public bar of the "Walford." Johnson walked a few yards fur
<lb/>ther, crossed the road, and stood under the awning of Clark's shop, 115c, Stoke Newington Road. I and Sharp walked across to the prisoner Johnson and Sharp spoke to him. He dropped something from his pocket, which Clark picked up and handed to me. It was the packet produced, containing 10 counterfeit florins. Sharp con
<lb/>veved him to the station. I afterwards arrested Turner, conveyed him to the station and found upon him broken counterfeit florin pro
<lb/>duced.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I saw Johnson from a distance of 50 yards. I was standing in the shadow at the back gate of the police station. He was in the light of the arc lamp.</p>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<persName id="t19080107-name-41" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-41" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-41" type="surname" value="SHARP"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-41" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROBERT SHARP</hi> </persName>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">N</hi>. Division. On December 7 I was with the last witness and followed the prisoner Turner from the "Victoria" to the "White Hart," where I saw him come out, followed by Johnson from another bar. Johnson joined Turner at the Bon Marche, and they walked together to the corner of Evering Road, stood there a few minutes, walked to the corner of Foulden Road, and Turner then crossed and entered the "Walford." Johnson then crossed and stood under the awning of 115c, Stoke Newington Road. I, with Adamson and another officer, then walked across to prisoner. I said, "We are police officers." I am going to arrest you for uttering counterfeit coin. "He put his hand into his right-hand waistcoat pocket, pulled out several silver coins, and said, "This is all the money that I have got. It is what I got from my work." I then commenced to search him, when he struggled, and said, "You must</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070012"/>
<p>not search me in the street. You must take me to the station if you want to search me." I put my hand into his left top vest pocket and found counterfeit two-shilling piece, wrapped up in tissue paper (pro
<lb/>duced). At that moment Clark picked up the packet produced, con
<lb/>taining 10 counterfeit florins, some of which bear the date of the coin taken from prisoner's pocket. I took prisoner to the station and found on him six shillings, seven sixpences, eleven pennies, and four halfpennies—good money. The charge was read over to him. He made no reply and gave no address.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-42" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-42" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-42" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-42" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>, Inspector of Counterfeit Coins to His Majesty's Mint. Packet produced contains 10 counterfeit florins, made from two different, moulds. The single coin and broken coin produced are also counterfeit and are made from the same mould as some of the others—dated 1901.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-43" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-43" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-43" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS JOHNSON</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath), suggested that he had not dropped the coins and stated that he was not in the "White Hart" and that the person he spoke to was another man than Turner. He ad
<lb/>mitted possessing one coin found upon him, which he obtained by gambling. He declared that he was innocent. Verdict,
<rs id="t19080107-9-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-9-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-9-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Turner was then tried for possessing and uttering.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-44" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-44" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-44" type="surname" value="BELL"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-44" type="given" value="AMBROSE"/>AMBROSE BELL</persName> </hi>, barman, "Victoria." On December 7, at 11 p.m., prisoner was served with a half of burton, and paid with a florin. I gave him is. 10 1/2 d. change, and on examining the coin found it bad. I broke it in two pieces, and gave prisoner the pieces. He said he had had it in change for half a sovereign, pulled out some money from his pocket from which. I took half a crown, and handed him 6d. additional change. Prisoner then insisted on seeing the governor. I told him to wait, and said, "Perhaps if you wait and see the governor he will have you searched, and see if you have got more bad money on you." As I turned round to serve another customer prisoner was gone. The same night I saw him at the station, and made the charge against him.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. After giving prisoner the change I came back within a few seconds with the bad coin. I had put it in the top corner of the patent till. I am sure it was the same coin.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-45" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-45" type="surname" value="DOVE"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-45" type="given" value="ALBERT EDWARD"/>ALBERT EDWARD DOVE</persName> </hi>, manager "The Walford," Stoke Newington Road. On December 7, at 11.15 p.m., prisoner called for half of burton, and put down a florin, which I immediately told him was bad He then gave me a good half-crown. I broke the florin and gave the pieces back to him. The same night I went to the police station and charged the prisoner. I was shown the pieces of the broken coin.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-46" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-46" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-46" type="surname" value="ADAMSON"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-46" type="given" value="CLARK,"/>CLARK, ADAMSON</persName> </hi>, and
<hi rend="smallCaps">WEBSTER</hi> repeated the evidence already given.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ADAMSON</hi>, Cross-examined. I asked prisoner if he could give me the name and address of any respectable person to refer to, and he</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070013"/>
<p>said, "No." (To the Judge.) I found on prisoner the two broken pieces in his waistcoat pocket mixed up with other money. He had 4s. 6d. in silver and 6d. in bronze, good money. With regard to the broken, he said, "That is what the barman broke and handed me back in the public-house." When charged he said, "What do yon mean?—possessing—I only had one, the one that man broke"(indi
<lb/>cating Dove). "Then I asked to see the governor, and they did not fetch him." He gave an address at a lodging-house.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080107-9-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-9-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-9-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>, upon both counts.</p>
<p>Previous convictions: Turner, October 17, 1905, two years' hard labour and three years' supervision for larceny. Many previous con
<lb/>victions for larceny, house-breaking, etc., were proved, extending from 1882 to 1904. Johnson: Two convictions for uttering and two convictions for burglary and larceny.</p>
<p>Sentence, each,
<rs id="t19080107-9-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-9-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-9-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-19080107 t19080107-9-punishment-8"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-9-19080107 t19080107-9-punishment-8"/>Four years' penal servitude</rs>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE MR</hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUSTICE BIGHAM</hi> </p>
<p>(Wednesday, January 8.)</p> </div1>
<p>
<persName id="t19080107-name-47">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-47" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-47" type="surname" value="DEHRING"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-47" type="given" value="ELISA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DEHRING</hi>, Elisa</persName>, having pleaded guilty on December 18, 1907 (p-386), of conspiring with Elsa, Herget and other persons to procure the miscarriage of the said Elsa Herget, was brought up for sentence. During the interval prisoner had made a long statement about the matter, which differed from her original story and which she stated was the real version. Her previous character was found to be good, and his Lordship thought, as she was not one of those persons who habitually assist in procuring abortion, end as she had been in prison three months awaiting the completion of her trial, it would be suffi
<lb/>cient to pass the nominal sentence of two days' imprisonment, en
<lb/>titling her to immediate discharge.</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080107-11">
<interp inst="t19080107-11" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080107"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-11" type="date" value="19080107"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-11-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-19080107 t19080107-11-offence-1 t19080107-11-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-11-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-19080107 t19080107-11-offence-2 t19080107-11-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-11-19080107" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-11-19080107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19080107" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19080107" type="surname" value="CURTIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19080107" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19080107" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CURTIS</hi>, Henry (36, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19080107-11-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-11-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-11-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>; feloniously wounding
<persName id="t19080107-name-49" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-49" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-49" type="surname" value="SALT"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-49" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-11-offence-1 t19080107-name-49"/>Ellen Salt</persName> with intent to kill and murder her;</rs>
<rs id="t19080107-11-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-11-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-11-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/> feloniously shooting at
<persName id="t19080107-name-50" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-50" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-50" type="surname" value="SALT"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-50" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-11-offence-1 t19080107-name-50"/>Ellen Salt</persName> with intent to kill and murder her.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Fordham prosecuted.</p>
<p>Mrs.
<persName id="t19080107-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-51" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-51" type="surname" value="SALT"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-51" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ELLEN SALT</hi> </persName>. I have been married about 11 years. I lived with my husband for about nine months, after which I went to live at home, as my husband was sent to prison. I afterwards went to live with prisoner, doing so until November last. I had four children by him, but none by my husband. In November last prisoner went into the infirmary. During the time I lived with him he had a sum of £400. While he was in the infirmary I went back to my husband. Prisoner came out after about three weeks, and I met him on the day he came out, I having gone to the infirmary with his clothes. When I met prisoner we had a few words about my going back, because I did not want to live with him, and told him I had gone back to my husband. He was very much upset. I did not want to live with</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070014"/>
<p>him because I had had a serious illness with my last child, and I did not want to have another one by him. I had had peritonitis, I think it is called. It was some weeks later when I saw prisoner again. He had found out where I was living with my husband. He then asked me to go to Canada with him; he said he had some tickets. I said I did not want to go. I was in the street with a friend when this took place. On the Saturday before the shooting took place I got a letter, but I do not know where it is. In it he said he was going to do away with himself. On Tuesday, December 3, he sent up to my place, and I went out to meet him. I then had a drink with him at the top of the street. He afterwards bought some clothes for the children. He had a razor with him, which I took away, and he said it was what he was going to do himself in with. I said, "Don't be silly, give it to me." This was in the public-house. I think he was sober; he was very excited. We had several drinks after that. I stayed with prisoner till about six o'clock, going about drinking. It was about 10 a.m. when he sent up for me. I was really afraid to run away from prisoner; he was so excitable. The last public-house we went to was the "Duke of York." When we came out he stood talking to me under the archway, and asked me if I was done with him. I said, "Yes," and turned my head on one side, when he shot me at the side of the head. I ran away, and he fired twice at me in the shoulder. I ran into Osborn Buildings, then fell down and got up again, and sat by some steps; I do not remember any more. I made a statement at the police station.</p>
<p>To prisoner. I do not know whether I kissed you when I met you outside the infirmary. You bought me a pair of stays, but I did not ask you to do so. It is true you gave me 7s. to buy a pair of boots. I do not remember asking you to see me the next day. I did not tell Nell not to pray for her daddy; I do not remember her saying so; I would not tell her such a thing. You knew I did not want to live with you. You did not spend all your money on me; you lost it bookmaking. You bought me jewellery, but took it away and pawned it. You were all right when you had plenty of money. You were going to Walton to see your uncle, after you came out of the infirmary. He has wanted you to keep away from me years ago. I gave you the chance. I did tell you I was going back to my husband. I told you I would not go back with you, and would rather go to the workhouse. I did go to the workhouse and took the children with me, and I did not see you again till the day you wanted me to go to Canada. You did not pay for the children while you were away.</p>
<p>To the Judge. Prisoner is very fond of the children; he has been very kind to me. When he had spent the £400 he went and worked to keep us—as a labourer. While I was living with prisoner I did not continue to see my husband. I said before the magistrate, "Prisoner did not say that Annie told him uncle (my husband) had been rude to me." I did not say, "Wait till I get something up
<lb/>stairs," etc. I have a mark on my head where my husband struck me.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070015"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-52" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-52" type="age" value="12"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-52" type="surname" value="BURR"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-52" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES BURR</persName> </hi>, 12 years old. On December 3 I was in Horace Street, about six in the evening, when I saw prisoner and Mrs. Salt. The former said, "Winy did you run away from me?" He then pulled out his handkerchief and dropped a revolver, which he picked up, then hit the woman on top of the eye. The woman started run
<lb/>ning away, and witness shot three times at her back, he being quite close and running after her The woman screamed and ran up a passage, where she fell down. Two more shots were fired; there were seven altogether.</p>
<p>To the Judge. The woman was hit more than once; I do not know how many times.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-53" type="surname" value="SHORT"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-53" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY SHORT</persName> </hi>, 17, Horace Street, electrician's mate. On the night in question, about 6.30, in Horace Street, I heard three shots fired in quick succession, and saw a man (prisoner) running after a woman. I went after and saw prisoner fire two more shots while the woman was on the ground. I then tried to coax prisoner away, but he accused me of being the woman's husband. I said I was not, and then ran at him, when he fired twice at the woman. I then seized prisoner, and held him till the police came. I saw three shots and heard three, six in all.</p>
<p>Police-constable 260 D. On the night in question, about 6.30, I heard three shots fired in quick succession, then three more slowly. I went to Osborn Buildings and found prisoner being held by the last witness. I could not see the woman. When Short said that prisoner had shot the woman, prisoner said, "I hope I have mur
<lb/>dered her." Prisoner seemed sober, but slightly excited. On the way to the station he said, "I hope she is dead; I wish I had blown her brains out." The two bullets produced I found on the spot.</p>
<p>Sergeant
<persName id="t19080107-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-54" type="surname" value="BOYSE"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-54" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALFRED BOYSE</hi> </persName>, D 19, deposed to finding prisoner in cus
<lb/>tody of last witness. Prisoner had his hand in his left-hand coat pocket. I took it out and found in it this revolver (produced). He said, "All right, here is the revolver; I hope she is dead; I shot her; let me kiss my two children." The woman was then lying in the pas
<lb/>sage. I assisted to take prisoner to the station and afterwards took the woman to the hospital.</p>
<p>Sub-Divisional Inspector
<persName id="t19080107-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-55" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-55" type="given" value="na"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HARRIS</hi> </persName>, D Division. On December 3, about 6.25, prisoner was brought to John Street Police Station, and subsequently Mrs. Salt. Prisoner said, "Nell, have I killed you? I am sorry I did not." Mrs. Salt made a statement as follows: "I have lived with prisoner about 10 years. This afternoon I went and had a drink with him, when he said he would buy the kids some clothes. We then went into the 'Duke of York.' When we came out of there we were going down Horace Street, and I had my back to him, when he fired at me three times. I have had no quarrel with him; he shot me because I would not go back to live with him. He has been worrying me all the week. He wanted to shoot me in the head. I am at present living with my husband and prisoner wanted me to return to him. I refused. I do not know any other reason for his</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070016"/>
<p>wanting to kill me." When that was read over to prisoner he said, "That is quite right." When charged, prisoner said, "That is right; I wish I had killed her." A letter was found on prisoner addressed to Mr. G. Curtis, Allen Road, Merton, in which prisoner said that he intended to kill "Nell"(Mrs. Salt). There was also an envelope found addressed to Mrs. Salt, with nothing in it; also a gun license dated November 30, and a box of 44 cartridges. The revolver contained six empty ones.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-56" type="surname" value="DIX"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-56" type="given" value="EUSTACE"/>EUSTACE DIX</persName> </hi>, house surgeon, St. Mary's Hospital. Mrs. Salt was brought to the hospital on December 3 suffering from several wounds—one in the back, one on the side of the head, and one in the neck. The tatter was in a dangerous position</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-57" type="surname" value="CURTIS"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-57" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY CURTIS</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath) stated that he had always looked after prosecutrix while he had lived with her; that on the night of the shooting, after he had been boozing with prosecutrix, his little girl Annie told him that her mother had said she was not to pray for her father (prisoner), that Salt, the woman's husband, did rude things to her mother in front of the children, that on hearing this the mother said to the girl, "You little sow, wait till. I get you upstairs," and shook her fist at her. He (prisoner) could not stand this, and it was then that he shot the woman.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080107-11-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-11-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-11-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty, with intent to do grievous bodily harm.</rs> Sentence,
<rs id="t19080107-11-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-11-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-11-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-19080107 t19080107-11-punishment-9"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080107-12">
<interp inst="t19080107-12" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080107"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-12" type="date" value="19080107"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-12-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-19080107 t19080107-12-offence-1 t19080107-12-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-12-19080107" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-12-19080107" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19080107" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19080107" type="surname" value="FITZGERALD"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19080107" type="given" value="HENRIETTA"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19080107" type="occupation" value="machinist"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FITZGERALD</hi>, Henrietta (30, machinist)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080107-12-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-12-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-12-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19080107-12-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-12-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-12-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>of felo
<lb/>niously wounding
<persName id="t19080107-name-59" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-59" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-59" type="surname" value="HUGHES"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-59" type="given" value="ERNEST CRANMER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-12-offence-1 t19080107-name-59"/>Ernest Cranmer Hughes</persName>, with intent to do him some grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>Dr.
<persName id="t19080107-name-60" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-60" type="surname" value="GRIFFITHS"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-60" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE GRIFFITHS</hi> </persName>, medical officer, Holloway Prison, said he had had prisoner under his observation and thought she was insane. (To the Judge.) She is mentally unstable and flies into rages. (Pri
<lb/>soner now with great volubility complained of her treatment in Hol
<lb/>loway, and that she did not have a chance to get well. In the course of her remarks she made allegations against various people with whom she had come in contact.) Witness said that prisoner had threatened various people in the prison and that she had had to be put in a padded cell at one time. She had threatened to attack Dr. Hughes again when she had the chance. The actual attack had been made with a hammer in Dean Street, Soho.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t19080107-12-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-12-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-12-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-19080107 t19080107-12-punishment-10"/>His Lordship said he was satisfied that prisoner was in a very bad state of health mentally, and probably also physically. She would have to go to prison for 12 months, during which time he hoped she would be restored to health.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080107-13">
<interp inst="t19080107-13" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080107"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-13" type="date" value="19080107"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-13-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-19080107 t19080107-13-offence-1 t19080107-13-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-13-19080107" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-13-19080107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19080107" type="age" value="60"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19080107" type="surname" value="CLARKE"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19080107" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19080107" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CLARKE</hi>, Joseph (60, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19080107-13-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-13-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-13-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="extortion"/>; feloniously sending and causing to be received by him a certain letter, knowing the contents thereof, to
<persName id="t19080107-name-62" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-62" type="surname" value="RANDALL"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-62" type="given" value="LEONARD CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-13-offence-1 t19080107-name-62"/>Leonard Charles Randall</persName>, demanding money with menaces, with
<lb/>out reasonable and probable dause.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070017"/>
<p>Mr. Purcell prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-63" type="surname" value="RANDALL"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-63" type="given" value="LEONARD CHARLES"/>LEONARD CHARLES RANDALL</persName> </hi>, of Kirk and Randall, contractors. In October we were doing work for the London and North-Western Rail
<lb/>way at Coventry, during which prisoner was sent to Coventry among some 20 men, under a foreman named Barker. On December 5 I was at Uxbridge Road Station inspecting some work when a man (prisoner) came up and asked if I had received a letter about Barker. I told him I had not been to my office that morning, but I was going there and would reply to the letter if it wanted replying to. I went off then by train. Later at the office I found the letter (produced). I then communicated with the police and made an appointment for the next day with prisoner at two o'clock. I was unable to keep the appointment, but sent a telegram and made another appointment for 12 o'clock the next day, which I kept, and prisoner was arrested. There is no truth in the statements prisoner makes in his letter.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-64" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-64" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-64" type="surname" value="BARKER"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-64" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BARKER</persName> </hi>, foreman to Kirk and Randall. I was in charge of some work at Coventry, when I had prisoner under me among others. One day I found prisoner putting in some wrong material and told him to stop it.</p>
<p>His Lordship said this was immaterial.</p>
<p>Inspector
<persName id="t19080107-name-65" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-65" type="surname" value="LAMBERT"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-65" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE LAMBERT</hi> </persName>, R Division. On December 7 I saw prisoner at Shepherd's Bush, and told him who I was. I was with another officer. I told him he would be charged with obtaining £5 by means of a threatening letter Prisoner said, "I say nothing now." When charged at Woolwich Station prisoner said nothing. I searched him, and found on him the letter and telegram from Mr. Randall. I also found a memorandum book with writing similar to that on the letter he sent.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-66" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-66" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-66" type="surname" value="CLARKE"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-66" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH CLARKE</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath). I am very sorry; I did not think I was committing any crime when I wrote the letter. It is the first experience ever I had. I never done anything wrong in my life before. I have a good character I have been a long time in prison; I think if you give me a chance this time—I have done nothing wrong before.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080107-13-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-13-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-13-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>It was stated that prisoner had borne an excellent character, but sometimes gave way to drink.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080107-13-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-13-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-13-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-19080107 t19080107-13-punishment-11"/>One month's hard labour</rs>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RECORDER</hi>.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, January 8.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080107-14">
<interp inst="t19080107-14" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080107"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-14" type="date" value="19080107"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-14-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-19080107 t19080107-14-offence-1 t19080107-14-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-14-19080107" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-14-19080107" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19080107" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19080107" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19080107" type="given" value="KATE SOPHIA"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19080107" type="occupation" value=""/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HALL</hi>, Kate Sophia (35)</persName>
<rs id="t19080107-14-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-14-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-14-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, indicted for attempted murder of
<persName id="t19080107-name-68" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-68" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-68" type="surname" value="BOWKER"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-68" type="given" value="ALBERT CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-14-offence-1 t19080107-name-68"/>Albert Charles Bowker</persName> </rs>,
<rs id="t19080107-14-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-14-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-14-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>pleaded guilty of a common assault, the Grand Jury having thrown out the bill for attempted murder.</rs> </p>
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<p>Prisoner lived with Bowker, and at the time of the occurrence (December 16) they were both very drunk, with the result that there was a quarrel, and Bowker smacked her face. Later in the day they were at the Battersea Park Railway Station, where they took tickets for Victoria. They were quarrelling, and prisoner was using abusive language. At the barrier she said to one of the officials, "Will you stop this man from molesting me?" As Bowker was standing near the edge of the platform she was seen by several persons to come up behind him and push him on to the rails. He was saved from the approaching train, then about 60 yards distant, by a guard. When Bowker got back to the platform she said, "I will murder, him," and it was under these circumstances that the charge of attempted murder was preferred.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080107-14-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-14-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-14-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-19080107 t19080107-14-punishment-12"/>One month's hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19080107-15" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080107"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-15" type="date" value="19080107"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-15-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19080107 t19080107-15-offence-1 t19080107-15-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-15-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19080107 t19080107-15-offence-2 t19080107-15-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-15-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19080107 t19080107-15-offence-3 t19080107-15-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-15-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19080107 t19080107-15-offence-4 t19080107-15-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-15-charge-5" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19080107 t19080107-15-offence-5 t19080107-15-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-15-19080107" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-15-19080107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19080107" type="surname" value="COOMBS"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19080107" type="given" value="VALENTINE LACEY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COOMBS</hi>, Valentine Lacey</persName>
<rs id="t19080107-15-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-15-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-15-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>; in incurring a certain liability to
<persName id="t19080107-name-70" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-70" type="surname" value="VICKERS"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-70" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-15-offence-1 t19080107-name-70"/>George Vickers</persName>, unlawfully and fraudulently did obtain credit from him by means of fraud other than false pretences and under false pretences;</rs>
<rs id="t19080107-15-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-15-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-15-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/> in incurring a certain liability to
<persName id="t19080107-name-71" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-71" type="surname" value="WALTER"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-71" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-15-offence-2 t19080107-name-71"/>William Walter</persName> and
<persName id="t19080107-name-72" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-72" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-72" type="surname" value="WALKER"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-72" type="given" value="GEORGE MILNER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-15-offence-2 t19080107-name-72"/>George Milner Walker</persName>, unlawfully and fraudulently did obtain credit from them by means of fraud other than false pretences;</rs>
<rs id="t19080107-15-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-15-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-15-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>in incurring a certain liability to
<persName id="t19080107-name-73" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-73" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-73" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-73" type="given" value="FRANK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-15-offence-3 t19080107-name-73"/>Frank King</persName>, unlawfully and fraudulently did obtain credit from him by means o✗fraud other than false pretences;</rs>
<rs id="t19080107-15-offence-4" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-15-offence-4" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-15-offence-4" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>unlawfully soliciting and inciting
<persName id="t19080107-name-74" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-74" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-74" type="surname" value="COOMBS"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-74" type="given" value="EMILY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-15-offence-4 t19080107-name-74"/>Emily Coombs</persName> to obtain credit with
<persName id="t19080107-name-75" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-75" type="surname" value="YEO"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-75" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-15-offence-4 t19080107-name-75"/>Henry Yeo</persName> in respect of a liability to him by means of fraud other than false pretences and under false pretences;</rs>
<rs id="t19080107-15-offence-5" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-15-offence-5" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-15-offence-5" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>in incurring certain debts and liabilities, to wit, to
<persName id="t19080107-name-76" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-76" type="surname" value="VICKERS"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-76" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-15-offence-5 t19080107-name-76"/>George Vickers</persName> to the amount of £244 1s. 4d., to
<persName id="t19080107-name-77" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-77" type="surname" value="WALTER"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-77" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-15-offence-5 t19080107-name-77"/>William Walter</persName> and
<persName id="t19080107-name-78" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-78" type="surname" value="WALKER"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-78" type="given" value="GEORGE MILNER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-15-offence-5 t19080107-name-78"/>George Milner Walker</persName> to the amount of £60 7s. 8d., to
<persName id="t19080107-name-79" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-79" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-79" type="given" value="FRANK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-15-offence-5 t19080107-name-79"/>Frank King</persName> to the amount of £62 10s., and to
<persName id="t19080107-name-80" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-80" type="surname" value="YEO"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-80" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-15-offence-5 t19080107-name-80"/>Henry Yeo</persName> to the amount of £50, unlawfully did obtain credit from them to the said amounts by means of fraud other than false pretences and under false pretences.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Muir and Mr. Arthur Gill prosecuted; Mr. Symmons de
<lb/>fended.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-81" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-81" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-81" type="surname" value="VICKERS"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-81" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE VICKERS</persName> </hi>, Messrs. Vickers and Son, stockbrokers, Lincoln. I remember receiving a letter dated April 5, 1905, signed "John Earle" (a name assumed by prisoner), dated from 104A, Sternhold Avenue, Streatham Hill, S.W., as follows: "Dear Sirs,—Your firm having been recommended to the writer by Mr. J. Harris (of your town), I should be glad if you would inform me your commission for selling Rio Tinto Ordinary shares and Chesapeake and Ohio Common shares? Awaiting your early reply." I did not know "John Earle," but I knew Mr. Harris, who is secretary of Messrs. Clayton and Shuttleworth, Limited, engineers, Lincoln. Next day we replied that the commission would be 15 per cent. On April 8 we received a letter instructing us to sell 100 Chesapeake and Ohio Common shares at 60 1/2 and 25 Rio Tinto £5 Ordinary shares at 64 1/2. On April 10 we wrote that the stocks had fallen from the quotations given, but retaining the order, and we wrote to the same effect on</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070019"/>
<p>April 14 and 25. On May 3 we received an order to sell the Chesapeake and Ohio and Rio Tinto shares and did so, through our London agents, and on May 4 wrote to prisoner: "We wired you to-day as follows: 'Sold 100 Chesa
<lb/>peakes, 51; 25 Tintos, 59 11-16. Very best could do,' which we beg to confirm, the contract for which we will forward to-morrow. Kindly let us have your certificates and oblige." At that time we certainly believed he had the certificates; we could believe nothing else. If we had believed it was a mere speculation in differences we should. not have entertained the business on any account. On May 5 we re
<lb/>ceived the following letter: "Dear Sirs,—I am much obliged for your telegram and letter of the 4th inst., and await contract note as ad
<lb/>vised Will you kindly inform me the very latest date allowed for. delivering the shares?" In answer we wrote: "We are in receipt of your letter of the 5th inst. Monday next, the 8th inst., being making up day, we shall be glad to receive the certificate on that day. Settlement is on the 12th inst." We had sent him the contract note. We next received a letter calling attention to an error in the contract note, arising from our clerk having calculated the dollar at 4s. 2d. instead of at 4s., which crossed with our own letter to the same effect. On May 9 we received a letter stating that it would be somewhat in
<lb/>convenient to deliver the securities during the present account and asking us to arrange with our agents to postpone delivery until the end of May. We wrote our agents accordingly, and on May 20 re
<lb/>ceived an order to repurchase the shares and asking our commission for buying Grand Trunk Third Preference, with the remark that 15s. per cent. seemed a somewhat stiff charge. At that time the securi
<lb/>ties we had purchased for him had fallen, so that there was a balance in his favour of £33 2s. 6d., for which we forwarded him our cheque on June 1. On the same day we received a telegram asking us to again sell 100 Chesapeakes and 25 Rio Tintos and executed the com
<lb/>mission on the following day and on June 3 wrote enclosing the contract. On June 6 we received this order by telegram, "Sell an additional 50 Chesapeakes and 10 Rio Tintos. We executed the order and acknowledged it by letter the same day and subsequently forwarded the contract note. On June 8 we received an acknowledg
<lb/>ment, and the writer added, "I will communicate with you without fail directly after the Whitsuntide recess. Thursday week is account day, and making up day is next Thursday, and not to-day as men
<lb/>tioned in yours. Rio Tintos and Chesapeakes being bearer bonds, do not require any transfers to be prepared." We were still under the impression that he had these bonds. The shares continued to rise daily and therefore to go against him. On June 12 we received this letter, "I should feel much obliged if you would kindly instruct your agents to arrange delivery of Rio Tintos and Chesapeakes for the next account (June 29)." We arranged for the continuation and forwarded the continuation note on June 15 at the same time, saying, "We shall be glad if in future you will let us have instructions earlier as it might be impossible some day</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070020"/>
<p>to carry over the shares unless we receive instructions a day earlier As the settlement for the shares is on the 29th inst., we shall be glad to receive the bearer bonds not later than the 27th inst." Un June 24 we received a telegram from our agent asking for a cheque for settlement, and on the same day wrote prisoner, "We wired you to-day that our agent had wired to us for cheque in settlement of ac
<lb/>count. We shall be glad, therefore, if you will forward yours by return and oblige, together with bearer bonds for Chesapeakes and Tintos." It is usual to pay differences when a carry over is effected. We paid our agent's account, for which we were liable. On June 24 we received a further request to carry over another account, and wrote on the 26th: "We are in receipt of your letter of 24th inst. We are giving instructions to our agents to carry over Chesapeakes and Tintos. Please let us have your cheque for £109 4s., the amount now due, by return, and oblige." On the 28th we wrote enclosing the account and saying, "Please let us have bank draft in settlement of the same as we have had to pay our brokers. We think the best plan will be for you to close the account as the shares are rising daily." On the same day we wired, "Unless we hear anything from you by to-morrow we shall give instructions to buy shares in." That was the day before the settlement. Not hearing anything on the 29th, we gave instructions to buy in the shares, the loss being £244 plus commission. On forwarding the contract we received a reply from Bristol asking us to allow the amount due to remain in abeyance until prisoner's return to town, we being at liberty to charge any reason
<lb/>able interest. In reply we wrote, "We shall be pleased to let the amount stand over until you return to town, but every penny of the money has been paid by us except our own commission. We are ex
<lb/>ceedingly sorry that the loss is so great, and we consider we have done the right thing in closing the account as the shares have every appearance of going higher. We shall be glad to receive bank draft for £285 10s. 8d. when you return to town, which we note will be before the next settlement." On July 13 we wrote stating that we were placing the matter in the hands of our solicitors. There was nothing improper or unusual in buying in the shares when they were not delivered on account day. We have never been paid any of this money. We should not open a speculative account for a stranger unless proper cover was given. A writ was issued, but prisoner could not be found, and nothing has been recovered.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. We tried to find prisoner, but could not do so People who called at Sternhold Avenue were told he did not live there. As to whether or not judgment was obtained, I know I paid the solicitors' bill. We certainly thought prisoner had been recom
<lb/>mended to us by Mr. Harris, and we wrote to thank Mr. Harris for sending us a client. We thought that Mr. Harris knew something about him, and we thought he might be a buyer of local stock be
<lb/>cause Clayton and Shuttleworth, Limited, had just been floated. We did not ask Mr. Harris for any reference. The letter does not say that prisoner is recommended as a safe person for us to deal</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070021"/>
<p>with. We were certainly under the impression that prisoner had the stock he was professing to sell. As to whether it is a wrong thing to sell shares you have not got that depends upon circumstances. Sometimes we take such business, but it is casual. If we open a speculative account we want cover. We realised after the first carry-over that prisoner was selling stock he did not actually hold, when he tailed to pay differences of £109. We did not also know that at this time Mr. Harris, whose recommendation started the business, was a stranger to the prisoner. I do not think I acted abruptly or sharply in closing the account; I do not think I was sharp enough. When we wrote on June 28, "We think the best plan will be for you to close the account, as the shares are rising daily," we thought we were giving good advice. We did not add, "Unless you send us £109 4s. we shall buy these shares in against you," we did not want to be uncourteous; we were fishing for the £109. I decided to prosecute immediately I found out who the man was, and gave instructions to have him found. The address we got was at a book-shop.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I should not have entertained the order at all with
<lb/>out the introduction of Mr. Harris.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-82" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-82" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-82" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-82" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HARRIS</persName> </hi>, secretary to Clayton and Shuttleworth, Lincoln. On April 4, 1905, I received this letter addressed from 104, Stern
<lb/>hold Avenue, Streatham. "I should feel much obliged if you would recommend a firm of stockbrokers, London or Provincial. Awaiting with interest your early and favourable reply, yours faithfully, John Earle." I had never heard of "John Earle." In reply I wrote, "I have received your letter of yesterday, from which I understand it is your wish to have the names of brokers who are dealing freely in the shares of the company. If you address your inquiries to Messrs. Vickers and Son, Lincoln, Mr. R.N. Whaley, Lincoln, or Messrs. Blake and Wheeler, Leicester, I have no doubt you will be able to transact business satisfactorily." A day or two afterwards I had a letter from Messrs. Vickers thanking me for having mentioned their name.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I frequently receive letters like that addressed to me by Earle. It is quite a usual letter and it is quite a usual thing for the secretary of a company to give the names of brokers dealing in his company's shares. In my letter I did not recommend at all. I simply mentioned the names. I thought the writer wanted to deal genuinely in the shares of the company. I did not recommend the writer as a reliable person to Messrs. Vickers. My letter does not infer that he was. I knew nothing about him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-83" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-83" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-83" type="surname" value="PITTAM"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-83" type="given" value="FRANCIS HENRY"/>FRANCIS HENRY PITTAM</persName> </hi>, clerk to Messrs. Walter and Walker, stockbrokers, Bartholomew House, Bartholomew Lane. On February 2, 1906, we received the following letter, signed "John Earle," addressed from "Tranville," 60, Penwortham Road, Streatham Park: "I should be glad if you would kindly inform me your commission for selling one hundred (100) Norfolk and Western Railroad Common shares. Your firm has been recommended to the writer by Mr. C. H.C. McIlwraith. My bankers are the London and County,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070022"/>
<p>Streatham Branch." I did not know "John Earle," but I knew the firm of McIlwraith, McEacharn and Co., Australian merchants, Billi
<lb/>ter Square Buildings. We replied to the letter, and later sent him a copy of the "Dairy Syndicate" prospectus. On May 4 we received from "John Earle" an order to purchase 150 New York and Ontario and Western Railroad Common shares for the cheapest price obtainable. We fulfilled the order and sent him the contract, the price with brokerage being £1, 426 18s. 6d. On May 7 we received this order—"Kindly sell Ontarios, anticipate buying cheaper early date.—John Earle." The shares had risen, and there was a profit of £43 Os. 6d., which we forwarded. On June 11 we had an order to buy £2, 500 Russian Fours for June 28 account, upon which we acted, and on June 16 a further request to purchase an additional £2, 471 17s. 6d. Russian bonds at cheapest price obtainable. We replied, "As the stock is very risky just now we must ask you to send us a cheque for cover, especially as we have not done much business for you. We ought at least to have a sum of £✗to your credit, as the amount previously bought shows a loss of £70 at present price." Receiving no reply, we wrote again on June 22, asking for instructions, and stating that in view of the unsettled state of Russia we should not be prepared to carry the stock over. In reply we received a request to arrange delivery of the Russian bonds until the mid-July account. On June 26 we wrote: "We are in receipt of your letter of yesterday's date, and regret we are unable to carry over your Russian bond's, as previously informed in our letter of the 22nd inst. Will you, there
<lb/>fore, kindly arrange for the bonds to be paid for by your bankers in London on account day." Receiving no reply we wrote informing "Earle" that we had sold the bonds, and asking for a cheque for £60 7s. 8d., the difference. My firm had to pay that sum. On re
<lb/>ceipt of his letter of February 2, stating that my firm had been re
<lb/>commended by Mr. C.H.C. McIlwraith, we thought he was a per
<lb/>fectly sound man, because we knew the firm of McIlwraith and Co. would not recommend anybody who was not perfectly sound.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. There is no statement in prisoner's letter of Feb
<lb/>ruary 2 that he has been recomonended to us by anybody as a reliable man. We made no inquiry of his bankers, as we had no doubt that our firm had been mentioned to him by McIlwraith, and we took it. rightly or wrongiy, that McIlwraith's were recommending him to us. We knew that Earle was having what is called a "flutter." I am afraid it very often happens that a man who has a "flutter" is not able to pay his differences, but that does not by any means show that he is a fraudulent man. There is nothing wrong in speculating if you pay your way</p>
<p>Re-examined. If a man who has no property at all gets an intro
<lb/>duction to a firm of brokers in order that he may speculate, that is very wrong indeed, and if he does it on a wholesale scale it is still worse. We regarded "Earle's" letter as in the nature of an intro
<lb/>duction from McIlwraith's, who we felt sure would not introduce to us a man who was not a sound financial man.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070023"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-84" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-84" type="surname" value="GAMBLES"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-84" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT GAMBLES</persName> </hi>, director of Messrs. McIlwraith, McEacharn, and Co., remembered a man giving the name of John Earle calling at the premises of the firm in Billiter Square Buildings and asking for the name of a broker, with which witness supplied him, as he stated that he knew the senior director of the company. He did not recog
<lb/>nise prisoner.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-85" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-85" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-85" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK KING</persName> </hi>, 30, Quay Street, Newport, Isle of Wight, accountant and stock and share broker. On December 12 I received a letter from "John Earle" enclosing a letter from Mr. J.R. Tilling, secretary of the Royal Brewery, Newport, and saying, "I do not know whether you transact business in general securities or only in local stocks and shares, but in the event of the former being the case should be glad if you would kindly inform me your commission for effecting a sale of 200 Missouri, Kansas, and Texas Railroad Common shares, which are now in the neighbourhood of 43." I replied on the 13th that I did business in all claases of securities through my London agents, who are members of the London Stock Exchange, and that my commission was the usual one on the Stock Exchange—viz., 10s. per 100. On the following day I received an order by telegraph to sell 200 Missouri Common shares, upon which I acted. Next day (16th) I received a telephone message from my agents in London and also a telegram. On the following Monday I was in town, and, acting on the advice of my agents, I bought back the stock at a loss of £62 10s. I did not take the trouble to send any further communica
<lb/>tion to Mr. "Earle," and received no further communication from him. I looked upon his first letter with the enclosure as an intro
<lb/>duction by Mr. Tilling, who had often recommended me clients for stock business.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I thought prisoner had the stock to sell, but I cannot point to anything in his letter that should lead me to think that. The letter from Tilling, which "Earle" forwarded, does not convey that the two men were old friends. It convoyed to my mind the impression that "Earle" knew Mr. Tilling. As a matter of fact, it is not a recommendation, but a reference. If I had not stopped the deal it would not have resulted in a profit.</p>
<p>(Thursday, January 9.)</p>
<p>Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">SYMMONS</hi> said that, having had a further opportunity of con
<lb/>sidering the case, he bad advised prisoner that the circumstances which he thought amounted to a defence did not really do so, and prisoner was therefore prepared to
<rs id="t19080107-15-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-15-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-15-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>plead guilty to the four charges of obtaining credit.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Muir stated that in October, 1901, prisoner pleaded guilty to offences of the same class, and was bound over in his own recog
<lb/>nisances to come up for judgment if called upon. In November, 1902, he was summoned on his own recognisances before his Lordship, who, being satisfied that he had repeated his guilty conduct, sen
<lb/>tenced him to six months' imprisonment in the second division.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070024"/>
<p>Liberated in May, 1903, in June, 1904, he was again convicted of the same class of offence and sentenced to 12 months' hard labour. On that occasion he had used a variety of names—Renfrew, Melville, Coombs, and Lacey.</p>
<p>Sentence:
<rs id="t19080107-15-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-15-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-15-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19080107 t19080107-15-punishment-13"/>Six months' imprisonment; the Recorder expressing the hope that the leniency now shown would not be misplaced.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, January 8.)</p> </div1>
<p>
<persName id="t19080107-name-86">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-86" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-86" type="surname" value="BUTLER"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-86" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-86" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BUTLER</hi>, Benjamin (21, labourer)</persName>, who pleaded guilty on Novem
<lb/>ber 19, 1907, to possessing and uttering counterfeit coin, and was released on own recognisances, appeared for judgment. The Common Serjeant stated that, having received two reports from the Church Army that the prisoner was getting an honest living and conducting himself properly, he would pass a sentence of one day's imprison
<lb/>ment.</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080107-17">
<interp inst="t19080107-17" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080107"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-17" type="date" value="19080107"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-17-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-19080107 t19080107-17-offence-1 t19080107-17-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-17-19080107" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-17-19080107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19080107" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19080107" type="surname" value="GLEEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19080107" type="given" value="WILLIAM GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19080107" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GLEEN</hi>, William George (36, clerk)</persName>;
<rs id="t19080107-17-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-17-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-17-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19080107-17-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-17-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-17-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>of feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19080107-name-88" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-88" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-88" type="surname" value="LUCAS"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-88" type="given" value="SARAH ANN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-17-offence-1 t19080107-name-88"/>Sarah Ann Lucas</persName>, his wife being then alive.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence:
<rs id="t19080107-17-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-17-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-17-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-19080107 t19080107-17-punishment-14"/>Four months' imprisonment in second division.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUDGE LUMLEY SMITH</hi>.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, January 8.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080107-18">
<interp inst="t19080107-18" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080107"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-18" type="date" value="19080107"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-18-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-19080107 t19080107-18-offence-1 t19080107-18-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-18-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-19080107 t19080107-18-offence-2 t19080107-18-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-18-19080107" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-18-19080107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19080107" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19080107" type="surname" value="WINTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19080107" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19080107" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WINTON</hi>, Herbert (21, clerk)</persName>
<rs id="t19080107-18-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-18-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-18-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>; uttering a certain order for the payment of money, to wit, a banker's cheque for the payment of £5 17s. 3d., well knowing the same to be forged, and with intent to defraud;</rs>
<rs id="t19080107-18-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-18-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-18-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>uttering a certain order for the payment of money, to wit, a banker's cheque for the payment of £11 9s. 3d., well knowing the same to be forged, and with intent to defraud; obtaining by false pre
<lb/>tences from
<persName id="t19080107-name-90" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-90" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-90" type="surname" value="WILKINSON"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-90" type="given" value="ARTHUR WHITFIELD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-18-offence-2 t19080107-name-90"/>Arthur Whitfield Wilkinson</persName> goods value £1 16s. 3d., from
<persName id="t19080107-name-91" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-91" type="surname" value="VACHER"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-91" type="given" value="HENRY THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-18-offence-2 t19080107-name-91"/>Henry Thomas Vacher</persName> the sums of £5 0s. 5d. and £2, and from
<persName id="t19080107-name-92" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-92" type="surname" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-92" type="given" value="GEORGE HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-18-offence-2 t19080107-name-92"/>George Henry James</persName> the sum of £5 0s. 10d., in each case with intent to de
<lb/>fraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Joseph Ricardo prosecuted; Mr. Daniel Warde defended.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-93" type="surname" value="URIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-93" type="given" value="EDWIN ALBERT"/>EDWIN ALBERT URIDGE</persName> </hi>, grocer's assistant, employed by Mr. Vacher, 112, Norwood Road, S.E. It is my duty to call on various cus
<lb/>tomers. Among others I called on Mrs. Thornton, 31, Trinity Road. On one occasion I called upon her with reference to a cheque which was paid to us, and the bank did not meet it I saw Mrs. Thornton and her son, whom I recognise as the accused. I understood him at that time to be the son of Mrs. Thornton. On November 16, between six and seven in the evening, prisoner came into the shop and asked to see Mr. Vacher. I was standing at the end of the shop; I did not hear the conversation, but I saw him; he walked to the cashier's desk</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070025"/>
<p>at the other end of the shop, and I saw some money passed over. I have no doubt whatever about the man. That was on a Saturday; he came in again on the Monday evening.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I should say it would be about two months before November 16 that I saw the man at the house of Mrs. Thornton. I only saw him once at the house. There are people constantly coming and going in the shop on Saturday evenings. It would be some time in the evening when I saw him at Mrs. Thornton's house; I am sure it was later than five o'clock. I saw him on one other occasion, in the summer, in the Norwood Road. I am a roundsman, and I see a good many people in the course of one morning in Norwood Road. Those are the only occasions on which I saw this man. On the Saturday night when he came into the shop Mr. Vacher was standing in the shop, and prisoner spoke to him; he did not speak to me. He came again at about the same time on the Monday evening and spoke to Mr. Vacher. He did not speak to me.</p>
<p>Re-examined. When he came on the Monday evening they stood at the cashier's desk; I did not see anything that happened.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-94" type="surname" value="VACHER"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-94" type="given" value="HENRY THOMAS"/>HENRY THOMAS VACHER</persName> </hi>, grocer and provision dealer, 112, Norwood Road. Between six and seven o'clock on the evening of November 16 I cashed a cheque for £11 9s. 3d., taking a contra account of £4 8s. 10d.; of the balance I gave £5 0s. 5d. on the Saturday, in cash, and on Monday, the 18th, I gave the odd £2, between six and seven o'clock, to a man of the name of H. Thornton. I do not recognise the prisoner as the man. The bill that was paid was in the name of Mrs. Thornton. I identify the cheque produced.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-95" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-95" type="surname" value="WILKINSON"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-95" type="given" value="ARTHUR WHITFIELD"/>ARTHUR WHITFIELD WILKINSON</persName> </hi>, manager to Messrs. Rawle and Sons, harness contractors, Blackfriars Road. On November 21, between six and half past, prisoner came into our shop and asked to see the manager. I said, "You are looking at him." He said, "Mr. Madge of Peckham, who is a coal merchant, recommended me to come and see you with reference to some harness" He said he did not know anything about harness himself, and was being guided by Mr. Madge, who has been a customer of ours for many years, and he recommended him to come to us. He asked me to send a man to the Midland Coal Depot, Rye Lane, Peckham, to measure for two set of harness in the name of A.H. Turner, and during general conversation he said that he wanted some bags. I took a bag from the window, valued £1 6s. 6d., which he selected, a leather kit bag. Then he said that he required a small bag for collecting purposes, and selected one valued 9s. 9d. I suggested that I should send the bags home in the morning by the man that I sent to measure the harness. At first he agreed, but on second thoughts he said that his brother, who was going to another depot, would want the bag before, our man arrived, and he would take the large bag with him. I suggested that if he took the large bag the small one would go inside it and that he should take them both. He gave me a cheque in payment, drawn in the name of A.H. Turner, for £5 17s. 3d. (pro
<lb/>duced). It was ready drawn when he brought it, and endorsed, just</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070026"/>
<p>as it is now, with the exception of the "no account" mark. I asked him if it was all right. He said he had received it from a customer and intended cashing it himself, as it was an open cheque, but business had detained him and he was too late for the bank. I told him that I should not be able to give him the change; he did not hesitate a moment; he did not make any remark; I said, "I will send the change up in the morning by the man." He said, "That will do." He then left the cheque with me. He came back in two or three minutes with the remark, "You will remember the name 'Turner,' not 'Madge,' because Turner and Madge have offices in the same yard." I have never seen him since, except at the police court. I suppose that conversation took about ten minutes or a quarter of an hour. He came the next morning for the change, but I did not see him. I had sent the junior clerk to the bank to cash the cheque, but, of course, they refused to pay him; they kept the clerk and telephoned to us.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Madge is a customer of ours; he is also a member of the Camberwell Borough Council and has businesses in many places. We have done work for him for many years, and he has recommended customers to us on many occasions. It is true that Madge and Turner have depots in the same yard. The man who came to me gave me the impression that he had been in communication with Mr. Madge. I should say it was about a quarter to ten when he called the next morning, certainly later than half past nine. I did not see him because I was out. To the best of my belief prisoner is the man that I saw. He is dreased differently now from what he was then. When I identified him there were about a dozen men there, and I had no hesitation in picking him out. As he sits now, I could almost swear that he is the man. I see so many people, and there was nothing special about him except a peculiar coat that he had on. I could swear to him if he had that coat on.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I did give evidence at the police court as to his being familiar with Mr. Madge, but of course they do not take down every
<lb/>thing that is said. He gave his name as A.H. Turner. I did not know at that time that there was an office of the name of Turner opposite Madge's office; I have ascertained that since, and I have seen Mr. A.H. Turner. Prisoner is not Mr. A.H. Turner. There are two Mr. Turners, brothers, and they are both young men.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-96" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-96" type="given" value="HENRY AUGUSTUS"/>HENRY AUGUSTUS SMITH</persName> </hi>, of H.A. Smith and Sons, 44, Curtain Road. We bank with the Union of London and Smiths Bank. These✗ forms (produced) were taken from a cheque book that was stolen from my place. Our office was broken into during the night of October 23 and the cheque book was stolen out of the safe drawer; those are two of the cheques.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-97" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-97" type="surname" value="DENTON"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-97" type="given" value="ALBERT GEORGE"/>ALBERT GEORGE DENTON</persName> </hi>, manager of the Union of London and Smiths Bank, Cornhill. The forms produced were issued to H.A. Smith and Sons. We have no client of the name of Spicer, nor of the name of A.H. Dawson.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070027"/>
<p>Inspector
<hi rend="smallCaps">EBBAGE</hi>. I arrested the prisoner. I told him I was a police officer and should arrest him for uttering a forged cheque to Mr. Parker, of 112, Norwood Road. He said, "You have made a mistake." He was taken to the Brixton Police Station and charged. Later on I told him he would be detained during the night and in the morning charged with forging a cheque. He said, "I know no
<lb/>thing about it." He was subsequently charged, and said, "It is a lie." He refused to allow me to inform his friends. He gave his address as 31, Trinity Road, Tulse Hill. That was a false address; he had previously lived there, but had left about ten days.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. He did not tell me he was living in Coldharbour Lane. I arrested him at Messrs. Barclay and Fry's, printers and stationers, Southwark street, where he had been employed for about four years. His hours there were from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m., except on Saturday, when he left at 1 p.m.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-98" type="surname" value="KENT"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-98" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD KENT</persName> </hi>, printer and stationer, 186, Wandsworth Road. Prisoner was in my employ for about nine months in 1903 and 1904. During that time I had no fault to find with him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-99" type="surname" value="FRY"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-99" type="given" value="HENRY REGINALD"/>HENRY REGINALD FRY</persName> </hi>. Prisoner has been in the employ of our firm for about four years. During that time we have found him an honest young fellow. He was in our employment at the time he was arrested. His wages were about 31 shillings a week. I do not know his age. He has borne the name of Winton in our place, not Thorn
<lb/>ton. (To the jury.) We do not keep a time book. I could not say whether prisoner was on our premises at a quarter to 10 on the morn
<lb/>ing of the day in question. It is possible that he might have slipped out.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080107-18-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-18-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-18-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080107-19">
<interp inst="t19080107-19" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080107"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-19" type="date" value="19080107"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-19-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-19-19080107 t19080107-19-offence-1 t19080107-19-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-19-19080107" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-19-19080107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19080107" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19080107" type="surname" value="TONG"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19080107" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19080107" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">TONG</hi>, William (30, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19080107-19-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-19-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-19-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>; feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19080107-name-101" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-101" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-101" type="surname" value="GALLARD"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-101" type="given" value="CAROLINE ALICE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-19-offence-1 t19080107-name-101"/>Caroline-Alice Gallard</persName>, his wife being then alive.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. J.F. Vesey FitzGerald prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-102" type="surname" value="TONG"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-102" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD TONG</persName> </hi>, labourer, 7, Minster Road, Faversham, Kent. Prisoner is my brother. On October 14, 1893, he was married at Ospringe Church, just outside Faversham, to Mary Jane Bramble. I signed the register. I last saw Mary Jane Bramble on Boxing Day at the Salvation Army Barracks, Faversham. They lived together as husband and wife from the day they were married until about three years ago, at Selling, Eastling, Ospringe, and Faversham. They separated three years ago, or two years ago, last February. They have no children.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-103" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-103" type="surname" value="GALLARD"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-103" type="given" value="CAROLINE ALICE"/>CAROLINE ALICE GALLARD</persName> </hi>. On December 25, 1906, I went through a form of marriage with prisoner at St. John the Divine, Kenning
<lb/>ton. I produce the certificate of the marriage. Prisoner described him
<lb/>self as William Routledge, bachelor. I have always bean called Mrs. Routledge. I did not know that his name was Tong till he was taken away. I lived with him until he was arrested in December 1907.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070028"/>
<p>That was the first time that I ever heard of his having another wife. I did not give him in charge, and I do not wish to prosecute in any way now; he has been an excellent husband to me, and I mean to do all I can for him, because I think that if his first wife had been a proper woman he would never have left her.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-104" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-104" type="surname" value="TONG"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-104" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD TONG</persName> </hi> (recalled.) My father is alive; his name is William Tong. I do not know anything about the name of Routledge, except that when my brother left his wife and came up to London to live he took that name.</p>
<p>Detective
<persName id="t19080107-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-105" type="surname" value="BONE"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-105" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROBERT BONE</hi> </persName>, W Division. On the morning of Decem
<lb/>ber 4 I found the prisoner at the Canterbury Police Station. I told him thait he would be charged with feloniously intermarrying Caro line Alice Gallard on December 25 at St. John the Divine, Kenning
<lb/>ton, his wife Mary Jane Tong being then and now living. He said, "That is quite right; I knew my wife was alive at the time, but she is no woman; I did not know I was doing any harm; I was told it would be all right." I took him to Brixton Police Station and he was charged. He said, "That is right." I compared the certificates of the two marriages with the originals at Somerset House.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-106" type="surname" value="TONG"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-106" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM TONG</persName> </hi> (prisoner on oath.) When I married Mary Jane Bramble I took her as a pure woman, and after I had been married a short time I found out that she was not properly constituted. I informed her of her condition, and she said it was an affliction. I questioned her parents and other people about it, and proved that it was so. After that I lived with her till I could do so no longer; her treatment of me became worse; she treated me badly and neglected the home. I thereupon told her I would leave her if things did not alter; she did not alter, and I left her and came to London. Some time after I was out with a friend, and he introduced me to a man, who he said was a solicitor. I stated my case to him and asked him if my marriage to this person was legal; I paid him 10s. for the advice; he asked me to allow him a week to consider the case; when I met him again he informed me that my marriage was not legal, and I had done perfectly right in leaving the woman. Some time after
<lb/>wards, not feeling satisfied, I asked this gentleman if I had a right to marry again if I had the opportunity. He again asked me to allow him time to consider it. I paid him another 10s., and in a week he informed me that I had a right to marry again, seeing my first marriage was not legal, therefore when I met Miss Gallard and be
<lb/>came acquainted with her I married her under the impression that I was doing the right thing. I would sooner have been followed to my grave than have done such a thing as this if I had not been advised that it was all rigtit.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I first discovered my wife's condition about two months after we were married, and that is when I first complained about it to her. Then I made inquiries about it of other people</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070029"/>
<p>and found out what it was. The solicitor did not give me any advice as to what steps I ought to take to annul the marriage. I did not know that until it was annulled I was still married. I do not know the solicitor's name. I changed my name because I did not want my wife to know where I was. I did not think I was doing exactly right in leaving her, but I was not sure, so I got advice.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-107" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-107" type="surname" value="TONG"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-107" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD TONG</persName> </hi> (recalled). After my brother was married he had a very bad life with his wife; they lived like cats and dogs, because the person he had married was a very bad manager. I wonder at my brother ever stopping with her at all. He was always very fond of children and he never had any. That was one reason that led to our finding out what this woman was. It was explained to us that she was not a pure woman. That has been proved by the police at Faversham. When my brother left Faversham this person threw herself on the parish. It is a rule that people going into the Union must bathe. This woman refused to have a bath, and she had to be made to bathe; that was how it was discovered. I do not believe that my brother would ever have left her if she had been a good woman to him. I am a labourer in the cotton powder factory. They lived together about 11 years. I have known the woman to go away from home for a month and six weeks at a time.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080107-19-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-19-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-19-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>. Sentence:
<rs id="t19080107-19-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-19-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-19-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-19-19080107 t19080107-19-punishment-15"/>Two days' imprisonment.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080107-20">
<interp inst="t19080107-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080107"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-20" type="date" value="19080107"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-20-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-19080107 t19080107-20-offence-1 t19080107-20-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-20-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-20-19080107 t19080107-20-offence-1 t19080107-20-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-20-19080107" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-20-19080107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19080107" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19080107" type="surname" value="PERROTT"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19080107" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19080107" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PERROTT</hi>, Thomas (29, clerk)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-20-19080107" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-20-19080107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-20-19080107" type="surname" value="HUPFER"/>
<interp inst="def2-20-19080107" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HUPFER</hi>, Alfred</persName>; both
<rs id="t19080107-20-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-20-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-20-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty </rs>
<rs id="t19080107-20-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-20-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-20-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>to committing an act of gross indecency with each other.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence:
<rs id="t19080107-20-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-20-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-20-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-19080107 t19080107-20-punishment-16"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-20-19080107 t19080107-20-punishment-16"/>Each bound over in his own recognisances in the sum of £20 to come up for judgment if called upon. In the case of Hupfer, Mr. Jacques Hasler gave an undertaking to send him back to Swit
<lb/>zerland.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080107-21">
<interp inst="t19080107-21" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080107"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-21" type="date" value="19080107"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-21-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-19080107 t19080107-21-offence-1 t19080107-21-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-21-19080107" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-21-19080107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19080107" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19080107" type="surname" value="REYNOLDS"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19080107" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19080107" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">REYNOLDS</hi>, George (40, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19080107-21-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-21-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-21-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>; stealing one bale of cloth, the goods of
<persName id="t19080107-name-111" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-111" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-21-offence-1 t19080107-name-111"/>the Great Northern Railway Company</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Grain prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-112" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-112" type="surname" value="ARCHER"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-112" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM ARCHER</persName> </hi>, detective in the employ of the Great Northern Railway Company. On December 24. about 9.50 p.m., I was on duty at King's Cross Station when I saw the prisoner with another man. There were a lot of trucks loaded with parcels. I saw prisoner go towards the trucks, then I missed him for a short time, and after
<lb/>wards saw him coming down No. 1 platform with a bale on his shoulder. I and another officer followed him out of the station to the top of Euston Road, and there we stopped him. I said, "Where did you get that from?" He said, "Another man gave it to me to carry." I said, "Who?" He made no reply. I said, "We are police officers, and shall take you into custody." I took him to the Great Northern Police Office and examined the bale. I found that it was a bale containing cloth for Bradford. He refused to give any name or address. He was the a handed over to a Metropolitan policeman. (To Judge Lumley Smith.) The parcels were loaded on hand-trucks or</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070030"/>
<p>trolleys. Prisoner was merely going up to where all the hand-trucks were assembled, I did not see him going to any particular truck. It was about a minute and a half afterwards when I saw him carrying the bale. I did not see him take it off the hand-truck. The ticket showed that it had been put in at the Old Street Receiving Office and sent up to King's Cross.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner had carried the parcel about 300 yards when I arrested him. There was no other man there. There was another man when I saw him going towards the luggage, but I did not see that other man again.</p>
<p>Detective
<persName id="t19080107-name-113" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-113" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-113" type="surname" value="PENNY"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-113" type="given" value="na"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PENNY</hi> </persName>, Great Northern Railway Company. I was with the last witness, and saw and heard the same as he. Prisoner is not in the employment of the company. When I first saw him going towards the trucks there was another man with him. They were both str✗gers to me. I did not see the other man again.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-114" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-114" type="surname" value="URE"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-114" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN URE</persName> </hi>, packer in the employ of Messrs. Peerless and Sons, 61, Old Street, cloth merchants. On December 24 I packed up some cloth in a bale. I saw the bale and contents at the police-court. By the direction of the magistrate the wrapper was taken off and the goods were forwarded. I identify the wrapper produced.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-115" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-115" type="surname" value="DOUGHTON"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-115" type="given" value="FREDERICK WILLIAM"/>FREDERICK WILLIAM DOUGHTON</persName> </hi>, parcel porter at the Old Street Re
<lb/>ceiving Office of the Great Northern Railway Company. On Decem
<lb/>ber 24 I received a bale to be forwarded to Bradford. I produce the book in which it was entered. The bale was forwarded to King's cross.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-116" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-116" type="surname" value="PELLING"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-116" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY PELLING</persName> </hi>, clerk at King's Cross Station, Great Northern Railway Company. On December 24 I received a bale with the wrapping produced. The bale was booked and put upon the platform to be despatched to Bradford.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<persName id="t19080107-name-117" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-117" type="surname" value="WOODLAND"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-117" type="given" value="FRANK"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FRANK WOODLAND</hi> </persName>, 578 Y. On December 24 I was called to the police office of the Great Northern Railway Company, where prisoner was detained, and he was given into my custody. He made no answer to the charge.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080107-21-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-21-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-21-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">GOODCHILD</hi>, Y Division, proved several previous con
<lb/>victions.</p>
<p>Sentence:
<rs id="t19080107-21-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-21-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-21-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-19080107 t19080107-21-punishment-17"/>18 months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080107-22">
<interp inst="t19080107-22" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080107"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-22" type="date" value="19080107"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-22-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-19080107 t19080107-22-offence-1 t19080107-22-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-22-19080107" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-22-19080107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19080107" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19080107" type="surname" value="COHEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19080107" type="given" value="SOLOMON"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19080107" type="occupation" value="tailor"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COHEN</hi>, Solomon (18, tailor)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080107-22-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-22-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-22-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> of
<rs id="t19080107-22-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-22-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-22-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>forging and utter
<lb/>ing a certain request for the payment of money with intent to defraud.</rs>
<rs id="t19080107-22-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-22-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-22-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-19080107 t19080107-22-punishment-18"/>and was released on his recognisances to come up for judgment if called upon.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080107-23">
<interp inst="t19080107-23" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080107"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-23" type="date" value="19080107"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-23-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-19080107 t19080107-23-offence-1 t19080107-23-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-23-19080107" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-23-19080107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19080107" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19080107" type="surname" value="JARVIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19080107" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19080107" type="occupation" value="bricklayer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JARVIS</hi>, John (31, bricklayer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080107-23-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-23-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-23-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19080107-23-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-23-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-23-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>of breaking and entering the shop of
<persName id="t19080107-name-120" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-120" type="surname" value="LEVY"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-120" type="given" value="ABRAHAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-23-offence-1 t19080107-name-120"/>Abraham Levy</persName>, with intent to steal therein, and of being found by night having in his possession, without lawful ex
<lb/>cuse, certain implements of housebreaking, to wit, one bit, one screw
<lb/>driver, and one key.</rs> </p>
<p>Previous convictions were proved.</p>
<p>Sentence:
<rs id="t19080107-23-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-23-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-23-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-19080107 t19080107-23-punishment-19"/>Two years' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080107-24">
<interp inst="t19080107-24" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080107"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-24" type="date" value="19080107"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-24-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-24-19080107 t19080107-24-offence-1 t19080107-24-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070031"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-24-19080107" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-24-19080107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19080107" type="age" value="48"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19080107" type="surname" value="FLIPPING"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19080107" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19080107" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FLIPPING</hi>, William (48, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19080107-24-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-24-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-24-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, being entrusted with the sum of £13 10s., the moneys of
<persName id="t19080107-name-122" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-122" type="surname" value="COURTS"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-122" type="given" value="ELIJAH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-24-offence-1 t19080107-name-122"/>Elijah Courts</persName>, in order to retain the same in safe custody, did fraudulently convert the same to his own use and benefit.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Waterlow prosecuted; Mr. Eustace Fulton defended.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-123" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-123" type="surname" value="COURTS"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-123" type="given" value="ELIJAH"/>ELIJAH COURTS</persName> </hi>, labourer. I lodge at 22, St. Anne Street, Lime-house. Prisoner also lodged there. On Sunday, December 8, we were in the "Frying Pan" public-house in Brick Lane together, and prisoner wanted to go away. I went outside with him and said, "What do you want to go away for, cannot you stop with me?" He said, "No, I have had quite enough off of you"; so I said, "I have got some money on me, and I am in bad company; I should like you to mind it for me." He said, "How much?" I said, "£14; you can take half a sovereign out of it, that is if you are in need of it, and I will see you about Monday or Tuesday." I then went back into the "Frying Pan." When I saw prisoner again on the Monday he said, "When I asked the deputy of the lodging-house for the money she said, 'You did not give me any money." I went to the lodging-house to see her, and she said the same to me. I went to the police station in West India Dock Road, and they said they could not do anything for me. Then I went to the Thames Police Court and gave prisoner into custody.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. It was on the Wednesday that I gave him into custody. I have known him a great many years and have worked with him. He is a very respectable man so far as I know. I gave him the money to take care of because I was afraid that some of the people I was with might relieve me of it. I made the suggestion that he should take care of it. He came to me on the Monday. I have been at the lodging-house about 15' years on and off. There are about 400 people there. If I had gone back to the lodging-house that night I should probably have taken the money into the cabin where I was sleeping. When prisoner came up to me he told me a story and asked me to go back to the lodging-house with him to see the deputy, to whom he had given the money. He also went with me to the police station, and he wanted to be locked up then. He was not arrested until the Wednesday at the lodging-house. He made no attempt to escape.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-124" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-124" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-124" type="surname" value="LOVERIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-124" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>LOUISA LOVERIDGE</persName> </hi>, deputy, of 22, St. Anne Street, Limehouse. Pri
<lb/>soner and prosecutor both lodged with me. Prisoner has never handed me money to take care of. On December 9 he came to me and said, "Will you give me that?" I said, "What?" He said, "Did not I give you some money yesterday. Did not I give you some gold?" I said, "You did not." He said, "If you do not give it to me I will go and fetch the man it belongs to." Then he fetched the other man, and my husband went with them to the police station.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not see prisoner on December 8. I do not know whether he lodged at the house on the Saturday, because I went shopping and my husband took the money. I know he lodged there on the Sunday, because I was there when he took his ticket.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070032"/>
<p>He came first thing on the Monday morning and asked me for "that." I did not understand what he meant. My husband went out at about half-past six on the Monday morning on his bicycle for a run. He came back at about 10 or 20 minutes to eight and went to bed again. He very often goes out for a run at about six in the morning and comes back and goes to bed again till about 11. I have been deputy of this lodging house about seven months, and during that time prisoner has been there about four times. The man who lost the money came on the Saturday previous and paid a week in advance.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-125" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-125" type="surname" value="HARDY"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-125" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES HARDY</persName> </hi>. I assist in the management of the lodging house. I was there on Sunday, December 8, from half-past two to a quarter to four. If the prisoner came into the office at half-past three I would have been obliged to see him. I did not. I went and got the missis half a pint of stout at about half-past two.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I am in the employ of the deputy. When I got my witness summons I went to see Mrs. Loveridge, and we went up to the court together. She said to me, "I suppose you remember Sunday afternoon." I gave just the same evidence at the police court as I have given here.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-126" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-126" type="surname" value="GOODWIN"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-126" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT GOODWIN</persName> </hi>, stepson of the deputy. I know prisoner. On Sunday, December 8, I had dinner with my mother at about a quarter-past three; I was with her till about four. No one came in during that time.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The last witness came in during that time. The first I heard of this case was when the detective asked me to go to the police-station. My mother had said something to me about it on the 9th, the Monday. She said, "Did you see anybody come in here on Sunday and give me £13 10s." I said, "No, mother."</p>
<p>Detective
<persName id="t19080107-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-127" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-127" type="given" value="na"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BAKER</hi> </persName>. I arrested prisoner on Wednesday, December 11. I saw him on the 9th and told him I was making inquiries about £13 10s. that was given to him on Sunday, the 8th, by prosecutor. He said, "Yes. As I told you before, I gave it to the deputy's wife at the lodging-house." I said, "What time did you give it to her?" He said, "About 3.30." I said, "Have you got any receipt?" He said, "No, I did not get a receipt." I asked if anyone saw him. He said, "No, I do not think anyone did." Then on the 11th I went to the lodging-house and saw him in the presence of the prosecutor, who gave him into custody. At the station he made no reply to the charge.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have made inquiries as to the prisoner's charac
<lb/>ter. He has never been convicted, except for drunkenness, but he is a man who associates with bad characters. He is a dock labourer and they are a very mixed lot. The lodging-house is one that is frequented by many thieves.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-128" type="surname" value="FLIPPING"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-128" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM FLIPPING</persName> </hi> (prisoner on oath). I am a casual labourer in the dock now, but I have been a bricklayer's labourer, and was</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070033"/>
<p>working for one firm for over 20 years. I have known prosecutor about 14 years. I have known Mrs. Loveridge for about four or six years before she came to this lodging-house; she used to live opposite. Prosecutor asked me to mind this money for him. I think it was about three o'clock. He counted me out 12 sovereigns and four half-sovereigns, all new gold. I took the tram up to the top of the street and went indoors. I sat for a few minutes smoking, and I thought if anyone here knows that I have got £14 I shall get a crack on the head and get it took away from me. I was going out to get something to eat at the coffee-shop, just about half-past three and Mrs. Loveridge was standing outside the office door, leaning up against the door frame with her arms folded. I said, "Missis, will you mind some money for me?" She said, "How much have you got?" I said, "I have got some gold." She said, "Come inside." I went into the office and she shut the door. I said, "I have got £14 here; it don't belong to me; it belongs to my mate who came home from Canada. I left him at Brick Lane, and he won't be home to-day. He told me I could have half a sovereign. I will take that away; that will leave £13 10s. Don't you give it to anybody else." She said, "That will be all right, Bill." The next morning I got up about seven o'clock, got no work, and came back about nine. When I asked her for the money she said, "You left me with money?" I said, "Yes; did not I leave some gold with you yesterday?" She said, "Have you been dreaming?" I said, "Did not I leave you with £1310s.?" She said, "No; I did not see you all day." I said, "You are trying to swindle me." I then went and found prosecutor and told him about it. We went back to the office together, but she would not give us anything. We then went down to the police-station, and I said to the prosecutor, "Lock me up if you think I have stolen the money." When I went for my ticket that night at the lodging-house they refused to take me in, and I went to the other house. I still say, upon my oath, that I gave this £13 10s. to that woman, and she is trying to best me out of it.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Courts did not tell me to give the money to the deputy's wife, but I thought she was a trustworthy woman and could lock it up. When Courts gave me the money we had had a few drinks, but we were both sober.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080107-24-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-24-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-24-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE MR</hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUSTICE BIGHAM</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, January 9.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080107-25">
<interp inst="t19080107-25" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080107"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-25" type="date" value="19080107"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-25-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-19080107 t19080107-25-offence-1 t19080107-25-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-25-19080107" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-25-19080107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19080107" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19080107" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DAVIS</hi>, Harry</persName>
<rs id="t19080107-25-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-25-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-25-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>. Manslaughter of
<persName id="t19080107-name-130" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-130" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-130" type="surname" value="MUNDAY"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-130" type="given" value="MARIA HANNAH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-25-offence-1 t19080107-name-130"/>Maria Hannah Munday</persName>; the like on coroner's inquisition.</rs> </p>
<p>Sir Charles Mathews, Mr. Bodkin, and Mr. Arnold Ward prosecu
<lb/>ted Mr. J.R. Randolph defended.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070034"/>
<p>Detective
<persName id="t19080107-name-131" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-131" type="surname" value="SQUIRES"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-131" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALBERT SQUIRES</hi> </persName>, B Division. I produce a plan of a portion of Warwick Street and Hindon Street, Pimlico. Warwick Street is about 28 ft. wide and crosses nearly at right angles Hindon Street and Denbigh Street, which are between 30 and 36 ft. wide.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. There is a slight rise starting from St. Leonard Street and continuing to Warwick Street, a distance of about 60 yards.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-132" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-132" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-132" type="surname" value="MUNDAY"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-132" type="given" value="ROSE ANN"/>ROSE ANN MUNDAY</persName> </hi>, 24, Sutherland Street. I am a dressmaker. The deceased was my mother. She lived with me and was about 56, and was in good health and of active habits. She was used to London traffic. On December 23 we left home a little after 11 p.m. to go shopping. There were a good many people about, and a lot of costermongers' stalls and shop stalls. My mother and I were crossing Denbigh Street in the direction of Fox's the grocer when we saw a motor car coming from Victoria. I saw it when we were on the kerb by the butcher's shop, and thought we should have time to cross. When we got into the middle of the road the car seemed to be suddenly upon us. I stayed where I was, in the middle of the road, and had not time to catch hold of mother. She hurried across and got on to the kerb, and the car got up on to the kerb and caught her. My mother did not hesitate before she ran on. The car seemed to drag her underneath it. It ran on the kerb before it caught her. There was no horn, hooter or bell sounded on the car.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The costermongers' stalls are in Warwick Street. The streets were rather quiet to what I would expect to find them. My mother was further from the motor car than I was. She did not hesitate, but ran faster to go across the road.</p>
<p>Re-examined. The market is where Hindon Street runs into Warwick Street and joins Denbigh Street.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-133" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-133" type="surname" value="MINCING"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-133" type="given" value="ANTHONY CHARLES CORNELIUS"/>ANTHONY CHARLES CORNELIUS MINCING</persName> </hi>, clerk, 11, Clarendon Street, On December 23, about 11.30 p.m. I was walking in Wilton Road, coming from the direction of Victoria Station. Opposite St. Johns Church I heard a noise, and before I had time to turn round two motor cars passed me at tremendous speed, one about 50 yards behind the other. Each car had a driver and a young girl. I crossed the road and looked at a newspaper shop, then I heard some shouting. Previously to that I had seen the cars cross Warwick Street. A Royal Mail van crossed between them. I went into Denbigh Street and saw a crowd, and the motor car partly on the pavement and partly on the roadway.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The postal van did not cross St. Leonard Street, but Warwick Street. I am not a judge of pace.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<persName id="t19080107-name-134" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-134" type="surname" value="LAMBKIN"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-134" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM LAMBKIN</hi> </persName>, 314 B. I was on duty on December 23 about 11.30 p.m. near St. John's Church in the Wilton Road. That is near Gillingham Street, which crosses Wilton Road at right angles. I saw the two motor cars coming from the direction of Victoria Station, about 30 or 40 yards apart. They were going about 12 or 14 miles an hour. I saw Davis on the first car with a</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070035"/>
<p>young girl. There was lot of pedestrian traffic in Wilton Road, but only a few vehicles. That part of the Wilton Road is a shopping district. At Denbigh Street I saw the prisoner's car partly on the pavement and partly in the road, and the deceased woman lying in the road.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I was at the corner of Gillingham Street when the police whistle was blown. That is 30 or 40 yards beyond St. John's Church. I had been standing at the corner of Gillingham Street for a few minutes.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-135" type="surname" value="GIN"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-135" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL GIN</persName> </hi>, 31, Hindon Street, greengrocer. My house is about 30 yards from the corner of Warwick Street and Denbigh Street. On December 23, about 11 p.m., I was standing outside my Shop with my son, and saw a motor car going from Victoria Station up Hindon Street. It was going very swift. Prisoner, was driving it. Shortly after it passed me I heard a scream and walked across to where the accident had taken place. I did not hear any horn or hcoter.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The crowd was rather hostile to the driver. I am no judge of pace.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-136" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-136" type="given" value="ALBERT WILLIAM"/>ALBERT WILLIAM JOHNSON</persName> </hi>, 161, Vauxhall Bridge Road, Lance
<lb/>corporal, Military Foot Police. On December 23 about 11.30 p.m. I was in Hindon Street and saw a motor car pass me travelling at a high rate of speed. A short time after I heard a scream. I followed and saw an injured woman lying in the road, just off the pavement. The car was half way on the pavement and half way on the road. I had not heard any horn or hooter.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. There was nothing to attract my attention to the ear as to whether the hooter was sounded or not.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-137" type="surname" value="IRELAND"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-137" type="given" value="ARTHUR ANDREW"/>ARTHUR ANDREW IRELAND</persName> </hi>, clerk, 6, Charlwood Street. About 11.30 p.m. on December 23 I was standing at the chemist's corner of Warwick Street and Hindon Street and saw a motor car coming up Hindon Street rather fast. I saw Miss Munday and her mother crossing the road. As the car was crossing Warwick Street the two ladies were about the middle of the road. They did not seem to realise their danger until the car was directly upon them. I saw the elder lady hesitate slightly before making for the pavement; she half stopped, and then ran towards the pavement. The car driver turned on to the pavement to avoid her. The car was about four and a half yards from her when the driver began to turn to the left. It all happened in a couple of seconds. The deceased was caught by about the middle of the oar, either just on the pavement or just before the got to the kerb. I think the deceased was dragged about three yards. The car pulled up in just over its own length—about 5 or 6 yards. The car ran up on to the kerb about the middle of Den
<lb/>bigh Street in front of Fox's the grocer. I did not hear a hooter, bell, or horn sounded. I would not be prepared to swear that no sound came from the car. If the driver of the car had turned to the right instead of the left I think he would most probably have struck the younger lady who was standing still, Miss Munday.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070036"/>
<p>Cross-examined. The ladies appeared somewhat confused. The car caught the elder lady just before she reached the pavement.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-138" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-138" type="surname" value="MUNDAY"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-138" type="given" value="ROSE ANN"/>ROSE ANN MUNDAY</persName> </hi> (recalled). Both my mother and I saw the car coming up. I said, "Mind, mum." The car caught her just on the kerb.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-139" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-139" type="given" value="JAMES ROSS"/>JAMES ROSS SMITH</persName> </hi>, 6, Smith Street, Westminster, labourer. About 11.30 on December 23 I was near the grocer's corner of Denbigh Street, going towards Victoria. I saw two cars coming from Denbigh Street towards me, between 40 and 50 yards apart. I heard someone shout "Oh," and turned round and saw a woman underneath the car. Two wheels of the car were on the pavement. I did not hear a horn, hooter, or bell sounded. The car was going very fast. There were a number of people about, it being a market place.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I am no judge of pace. I did not see a postal van.</p>
<p>Police-sergeant
<persName id="t19080107-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-140" type="surname" value="KEMP"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-140" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM KEMP</hi> </persName>, 17 B. On December 23 I was on duty in the neighbourhood of Warwick Street, at the junction of Hindon and Denbigh Streets. There was the usual crowd of pedes
<lb/>trians, being Christmas time, and costers' barrows along the street. There was a larger crowd than usual.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I was at that point about three-quarters of an hour before the accident.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<persName id="t19080107-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-141" type="surname" value="ROOKS"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-141" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK ROOKS</hi> </persName>, 102 B. At 11.30 p.m. on De
<lb/>cember 23 I was on point duty at the junction of Warwick and Tachbrook Streets. Hearing some cries I ran in the direction of Denbigh Street and saw the motor car. There was not a great deal of vehicular traffic, but there was an unusual number of people, some on the pavement and some crossing the road from one stall to another. There were stalls on both sides of the road.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<persName id="t19080107-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-142" type="surname" value="SWIFT"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-142" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS SWIFT</hi> </persName>, 273 B. On December 23, about 11.30 p.m., there was a large number of people about Denbigh Street and Warwick Street, about the usual number that there is every Saturday night.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-143" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-143" type="surname" value="ZWEE"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-143" type="given" value="JANE"/>JANE ZWEE</persName> </hi>, 162, Vauxhall Bridge Road. I am 16 years old and am living with my parents. I am learning millinery at the Burlington Arcade. I have known prisoner three months. I was introduced to him by Charles Randall, the driver of the second car. On the even
<lb/>ing of December 23 I saw my friend Cissie Anderson about 9.45 p.m. in Denbigh Street,. where she lives. About that time I saw prisoner ✗pas up Denbigh Street. I did not speak to him. Cissie and I went to a public-house called the "Constitution," in Churton Street, and saw the prisoner's and Randall's cars outside. They came out, and the prisoner said he had to be at his employer's place in the park in five minutes. Prisoner drove away, and Cissie and I drove in Ran
<lb/>dall's car to Charing Cross, where Randall stopped at a public-house. We remained in the car. Then we went to Chapel Mews, to a public-house there, where we had two glasses of port. While we were there prisoner came up in his car and Randall asked one of us to get into prisoner's car. I did so, and Charlie and Cissie drove off. Prisoner</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070037"/>
<p>went inside the Chapel Mews public-house. I do not know what he had. Prisoner said he would catch Charlie up. We went up Gros
<lb/>venor Place into Grosvenor Street. Randall stopped to let us go by. Then we went into Buckingham Palace Road and worked our way round into Wilton Road. When we got to the top of Hindon Street I saw two women crossing the road. When they saw the car they rushed back to the side they had come from. They were right in the middle of the road when I first saw them. When they got near the pavement the young woman turned round and seemed to push the elder woman towards the car. The elder woman went to run back across the road. The car went to clear her, and the next thing I knew was the woman was underneath the car wheel and the car was on the pavement.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not see prisoner to speak to till about 11 p.m. What we had to drink we had with Randall before prisoner came back.</p>
<p>Re-examined. Warwick Street was rather busy.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-144" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-144" type="surname" value="ANDERSON"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-144" type="given" value="CECILIA GERTRUDE"/>CECILIA GERTRUDE ANDERSON</persName> </hi>, 16, Denbigh Street. I am 16 years of age. On December 23 I drove in Randall's car. I did not notice how fast the other car was going. We eased up in Grosvenor Place to allow the other car to go by. When prisoner's, car passed St. Leonard Street a postal van passed across and we had to ease up for it to pass.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-145" type="surname" value="RANDALL"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-145" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES RANDALL</persName> </hi>, 11, Elm Mews, Lancaster Gate, chauffeur. My car has been passed by Scotland Yard as a cab for the streets; it is slower than prisoner's car. It will go about eighteen miles an hour. Both the young ladies were going to be set down at the corner where the accident happened. In following prisoner's car along Hindon Street a post van came across St. Leonard Street rather suddenly, and it made me pull up dead, and after that I had to start again at first speed.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-146" type="surname" value="MORRIS"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-146" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD MORRIS</persName> </hi>, house surgeon, St. George's Hospital. At mid
<lb/>night on December 23 Maria Munday was brought to the hospital. She was unconscious and was bleeding from a wound on the right side of her head three inches in length. She had her skull fractured, and had bruises on her body. She died the next day at three o'clock.</p>
<p>Inspector
<persName id="t19080107-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-147" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-147" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALFRED WILLIAMS</hi> </persName>, A Division. I was summoned on the night of December 23 to Denbigh Street, and arrived at about 11.35. I saw a motor car with the two near side wheels on the pavement and greater part of the car was also over the pavement. Prisoner was sitting on the front of the car. About 5 ft. in front of the car I saw a woman lying on the roadway very seriously injured and un
<lb/>conscious. I saw to her removal and took the names of witnesses. At 11.57 prisoner got off his box, and I said; "The witnesses say that you have been racing with another driver and driving at a dangerous speed, and that you have knocked this woman down. The doctor says she is dying." He said, "Yes." I said, "I shall arrest you and take you to the station." He said, "Yes. Will you take the car,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070038"/>
<p>too?" His manner seemed rather peculiar, which, I think, was caused by shock or fright. On the way to the police-station I said, "Do you know the other driver?" He said, "Yes. I had been to meet someone at a place, but missed him and was going down to see about it. If the woman bad stopped where her daughter did and not run across, this would not have happened." At the police-station the witnesses were present and made statements in the prisoner's hearing. During the investigation he said, "I do not know how it happened. Some of them say I was going 40 miles an hour, but the policeman says 12 or 14. You know as much about it as I do. I was going about 10 or 12 miles an hour—about 12." Addressing me personally, he said, alluding to the injured woman, "She was near the kerb. It would look almost as if I had turned into the kerb to run into her. A girl was on the car. She rode from Victoria to Warwick Street." I said, "Who is the girl? She may be a useful witness for you." He said, "I do not know her. She is only a young girl. Two of them asked us at Victoria to give them a ride. I do not know what they are nor where they came from." He was charged then with causing grievous bodily harm, and when it was read over to him he said, "I have no one. No one who knows me saw it." The car was a 17-h. p. Mors.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Miss Zwee was not there when I got to the scene of the accident. The first time she was mentioned was at the police-station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-148" type="surname" value="WARD"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-148" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>INSPECTOR ALFRED WARD</persName> </hi>, A Division. I arrested prisoner after the verdict of manslaughter was returned by the coroner's jury. He made no reply to the charge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-149" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-149" type="surname" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-149" type="given" value="EDITH"/>EDITH JOSEPH</persName> </hi>, 29, Hyde Park Gardens. I am prisoner's employer and the owner of the car.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner has been in my employ from 3 1/2 to 4 years, and has driven us constantly for the last six months, after learning to drive. He is a very careful and steady driver.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-150" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-150" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-150" type="given" value="CRAWFORD HENRY"/>CRAWFORD HENRY DAVIS</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I am a chauffeur in the employ of Miss Joseph. On December 23, after leaving her at her house, I drove across the park to Chapel Mews, thinking I should meet Randall. I ought to have gone to 39, Hyde Park Garden Mews, where the car is kept. At Chapel Mews I took Miss Zwee on the box of my car, and passed Randall in Grosvenor Place and then drove on down the Wilton Road into Hindon Street. Ran
<lb/>dall's car at first speed would go six or seven miles an hour. I was not driving at any excessive speed. There was no other vehicular traffic. There was a lot of foot traffic on the pavement, but none in the road. When I got to Warwick Street there were a lot of people standing in the road, all over the road in fact, and I made the car run of itself up the incline through Warwick Street. I blew the horn just after I left St. Leonard Street, and the people who were stand
<lb/>ing</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070039"/>
<p>in the road moved away. Then I saw two persons just beginning to cross the road from the butcher's shop. I kepi on going and they stopped in the middle of the road, and I thought they were going to stop there to let me pass, so I went on. When I got within three yards of them one of them made deliberately to go across the front of my car. Seeing that here was more room to pass between the one that was running towards the pavement and the pavement than there was between the one that was running and the one that was standing still, I turned the car into the pavement and put the brakes on directly. If I had turned to the right I might have knocked the daughter down. One can pull no the car almost imme
<lb/>diately. Of course, it depends on the pace, the weight of the car, and the state of the road. I had put my engine out of gear after passing St. Leonard Street I had to slow up as there were so many people about. If both women had stopped or if both had gone on I had my plan of action, but one stopped and the other went on. I did the beat I could at the moment, but, unfortunately, did not suc
<lb/>ceed in clearing her.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I blew the horn after passing St. Leonard Street in order to give warning that I was going to cross Warwick Street, which is a very dangerous crossing. The car ran of its own accord up the rise to Warwick Street. I was not going at 10 or 12 miles an hour then. I was not going very-fast, but it was a little faster than I should have gone considering the amount of traffic there was there. I was going about six miles an hour. I was about 15 yards away when I first saw the women. I noticed them look at me, so I did not think it necessary to sound my horn again. They were not exactly in the middle of the street, but more or less in my track. There was plenty of room for me to pass, and I saw they had stopped.</p>
<p>Re-examined. When I said I was going 10 to 12 miles an hour I was referring to the statement of the policeman as to my pace going down the Wilton Road.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080107-25-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-25-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-25-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>. Sentence:
<rs id="t19080107-25-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-25-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-25-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-19080107 t19080107-25-punishment-20"/>Six months' hard labour.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RECORDER</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, January 9.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080107-26">
<interp inst="t19080107-26" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080107"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-26" type="date" value="19080107"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-26-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-19080107 t19080107-26-offence-1 t19080107-26-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-26-19080107" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-26-19080107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19080107" type="surname" value="LAMBERT"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19080107" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LAMBERT</hi>, Alfred</persName>
<rs id="t19080107-26-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-26-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-26-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>; robbery with violence on
<persName id="t19080107-name-152" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-152" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-152" type="surname" value="KELLY"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-152" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-26-offence-1 t19080107-name-152"/>Ellen Kelly</persName> and stealing from her two purses and the sum of 5s. 5 1/2 d., her goods and moneys.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Fletcher prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-153" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-153" type="surname" value="KELLY"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-153" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>ELLEN KELLY</persName> </hi>. I am a widow, living at a lodging-house in Flower and Dean Street, and am a machinist. On New Year's Eve I had been drinking, and on New Year's morning I was very drunk and do not remember what happened. When I went out I had 8s. in two purses, one being a finger purse inside the other. According to the officer</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070040"/>
<p>when prisoner was arrested they contained 5s. 5 1/2 d. I do not know prisoner and do not remember seeing him at all. When I got sober I found I had been locked up in the station, for which I was fined 3s. 6d. That is all I know about this case.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<persName id="t19080107-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-154" type="surname" value="CAMERON"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-154" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN CAMERON</hi> </persName>, 619 K. On January 1 I was on duty in Bow Road in plain clothes with Constable Pryke, and saw prosecutrix in company with prisoner. She was very drunk. Pri
<lb/>soner had hold of her left arm. At the corner of School House Yard prisoner, without any warning, struck her a violent blow in the face with his left fist, knocking her down. He then stooped down,. as I thought, to pick her up, but I saw when I got there he had her purse in his left hand. I said, "What is the matter," and he dropped the purse and ran away. I picked it up. Prosecutrix was nearly unconscious, and I assisted her to the station. She was bleeding from the nose and mouth. Prisoner was then taken to the station by Pryke. He was very violent, and Pryke required the assistance of another officer. I found two purses, one inside the other. Prisoner when charged made no reply.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<persName id="t19080107-name-155" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-155" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-155" type="surname" value="PRYKE"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-155" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES PRYKE</hi> </persName>, 769 K, gave similar evidence. At the police station prisoner smashed a pane of glass with his fist, but he was not charged with wilful damage.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-156" type="surname" value="HOGAN"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-156" type="given" value="BUTLER"/>BUTLER HOGAN</persName> </hi>, medical officer of the Stepney and Poplar Union, who attended prosecutrix, said her face and hands were plastered with blood, and after washing her face he found distinct evidence of bleeding from the mouth and nose, the result, in witness's opinion, of a heavy blow. Prisoner did not ask to be examined.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080107-26-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-26-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-26-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>A previous conviction in 1902 was proved, and police evidence was given to the effect that prisoner had deserted from the army, and was finally discharged, as his services were no longer required. Since then he had worked as a painter, but for the last two months had done no work at all, and was known as the associate of convicted thieves. Prisoner produced a character from his former employers, by whom he was employed in the painting of the Tower Bridge, stat
<lb/>ing that they had found him honest, trustworthy, and had discharged him by reason of scarcity of work.</p>
<p>Sentence:
<rs id="t19080107-26-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-26-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-26-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-19080107 t19080107-26-punishment-21"/>Nine months' hard labour.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Thursday, January 9.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080107-27">
<interp inst="t19080107-27" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080107"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-27" type="date" value="19080107"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-27-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-27-19080107 t19080107-27-offence-1 t19080107-27-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-27-19080107" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-27-19080107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19080107" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19080107" type="surname" value="LEVY"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19080107" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19080107" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LEVY</hi>, James (29, labourer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080107-27-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-27-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-27-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19080107-27-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-27-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-27-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>of assaulting
<persName id="t19080107-name-158" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-158" type="surname" value="KEMP"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-158" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-27-offence-1 t19080107-name-158"/>Walter Kemp</persName> with intent to rob him.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner admitted having been convicted of felony at Cardiff Quar
<lb/>ter Sessions on June 29, 1907, receiving two months' hard labour for stealing. Upwards of 20 convictions with short terms of im
<lb/>prisonment for larceny and housebreaking were proved.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080107-27-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-27-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-27-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-27-19080107 t19080107-27-punishment-22"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080107-28">
<interp inst="t19080107-28" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080107"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-28" type="date" value="19080107"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-28-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28-19080107 t19080107-28-offence-1 t19080107-28-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070041"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-28-19080107" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-28-19080107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19080107" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19080107" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19080107" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19080107" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHNSON</hi>, Thomas (28, labourer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080107-28-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-28-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-28-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19080107-28-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-28-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-28-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>of stealing one box and one chemical outfit, the goods of
<persName id="t19080107-name-160" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-160" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-28-offence-1 t19080107-name-160"/>the United Kingdom Band of Hope Union</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner also admitted having been convicted at South London Sessions on April 20, 1904, of warehouse breaking, receiving nine months' hard labour. He had also received three months' as a sus
<lb/>pected person.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080107-28-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-28-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-28-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28-19080107 t19080107-28-punishment-23"/>15 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080107-29">
<interp inst="t19080107-29" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080107"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-29" type="date" value="19080107"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-29-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-29-19080107 t19080107-29-offence-1 t19080107-29-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-29-19080107" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-29-19080107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19080107" type="age" value="39"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19080107" type="surname" value="GIBBY"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19080107" type="given" value="BENJAMIN JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19080107" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GIBBY</hi>, Benjamin James (39, labourer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080107-29-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-29-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-29-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19080107-29-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-29-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-29-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>of break
<lb/>ing and entering a certain place of Divine worship, to wit,
<placeName id="t19080107-geo-1">
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-29-offence-1 t19080107-geo-1"/>the Presbyterian Church, Regent Square</placeName>, and stealing therein divers of the moneys of
<persName id="t19080107-name-162" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-162" type="surname" value="BELL"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-162" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-29-offence-1 t19080107-name-162"/>Thomas Bell</persName> and others.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner admitted having been convicted at Maidstone on July 2, 1905, of larceny and sacrilege, receiving two concurrent sentences of 12 months' hard labour. Other convictions: December 22, 1905, suspected person, nine months; June 2, 1903, West Kent Sessions, burglary, 18 months; March 18, 1902, North London Sessions, bur
<lb/>glary, 12 months.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080107-29-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-29-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-29-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-29-19080107 t19080107-29-punishment-24"/>Three years' penal servitude</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080107-30">
<interp inst="t19080107-30" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080107"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-30" type="date" value="19080107"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-30-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-19080107 t19080107-30-offence-1 t19080107-30-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-30-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-19080107 t19080107-30-offence-2 t19080107-30-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-30-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-19080107 t19080107-30-offence-3 t19080107-30-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-30-19080107" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-30-19080107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19080107" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19080107" type="surname" value="AITKEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19080107" type="given" value="DAVID MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19080107" type="occupation" value="traveller"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">AITKEN</hi>, David Martin (42, traveller)</persName>
<rs id="t19080107-30-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-30-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-30-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>; obtaining by false pre
<lb/>tences from
<persName id="t19080107-name-164" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-164" type="surname" value="BOND"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-164" type="given" value="GEORGE HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-30-offence-1 t19080107-name-164"/>George Henry Bond</persName> two diamond rings and other articles, the goods of
<persName id="t19080107-name-165" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-165" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-165" type="surname" value="RIDGWAY"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-165" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-30-offence-1 t19080107-name-165"/>Walter Ridgway</persName>, with intent to defraud;</rs>
<rs id="t19080107-30-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-30-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-30-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>at
<lb/>tempting to obtain by false pretences from
<persName id="t19080107-name-166" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-166" type="surname" value="HUDSON"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-166" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-30-offence-2 t19080107-name-166"/>Walter Hudson</persName>, certain articles of jewellery, the goods of
<persName id="t19080107-name-167" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-167" type="surname" value="SPILLER"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-167" type="given" value="STANLEY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-30-offence-2 t19080107-name-167"/>Stanley Spiller</persName>, with intent to de
<lb/>fraud;</rs>
<rs id="t19080107-30-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-30-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-30-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>forging and uttering a certain order for the payment of money, to wit, a banker's cheque for the payment of £52 17s. 6d., with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. R.P. Mahaffy prosecuted.</p>
<p>Prisoner
<rs id="t19080107-30-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-30-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-30-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>pleaded guilty of obtaining from Bond</rs>; the other in
<lb/>dictments were not pressed.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080107-30-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-30-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-30-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-19080107 t19080107-30-punishment-25"/>14 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080107-31">
<interp inst="t19080107-31" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080107"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-31" type="date" value="19080107"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-31-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-31-19080107 t19080107-31-offence-1 t19080107-31-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-31-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-31-19080107 t19080107-31-offence-2 t19080107-31-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-31-19080107" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-31-19080107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19080107" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19080107" type="surname" value="HOBBS"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19080107" type="given" value="ARCHIBALD FRANK"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19080107" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HOBBS</hi>, Archibald Frank (31, clerk)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080107-31-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-31-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-31-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19080107-31-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-31-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-31-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>of forging and uttering a certain endorsement on a certain order for the pay
<lb/>ment of money, to wit, an endorsement on a banker's cheque for the payment of the sum of £1 19s. 6d., with intent to defraud;</rs>
<rs id="t19080107-31-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-31-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-31-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>stealing two valuable securities, to wit, the said banker's cheque and a certain other banker's cheque for the payment of the sum of 18s. 6d., the property of
<persName id="t19080107-name-169" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-169" type="surname" value="BLAISDELL"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-169" type="given" value="FREDERICK ELIJAH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-31-offence-2 t19080107-name-169"/>Frederick Elijah Blaisdell</persName>, his master.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner admitted having been convicted at this Court on May 29, 1905, and receiving two years' hard labour. Other convictions: 12 months' for forgery in the Army Service Corps at Woolwich; and six weeks' for embezzlement.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080107-31-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-31-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-31-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-31-19080107 t19080107-31-punishment-26"/>Four years' penal servitude for forgery,</rs>
<rs id="t19080107-31-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-31-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-31-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-31-19080107 t19080107-31-punishment-27"/>and four years' penal servitude for larceny, concurrent.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080107-32">
<interp inst="t19080107-32" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080107"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-32" type="date" value="19080107"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-32-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-32-19080107 t19080107-32-offence-1 t19080107-32-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-32-19080107" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-32-19080107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19080107" type="age" value="55"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19080107" type="surname" value="BENNETT"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19080107" type="given" value="ALBERT EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19080107" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BENNETT</hi>, Albert Edward (55, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19080107-32-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-32-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-32-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>; uttering counterfeit coin to
<persName id="t19080107-name-171" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-171" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-171" type="surname" value="BALLARD"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-171" type="given" value="EDITH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-32-offence-1 t19080107-name-171"/>Edith Ballard</persName>,
<persName id="t19080107-name-172" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-172" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-172" type="surname" value="WITHEY"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-172" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-32-offence-1 t19080107-name-172"/>John Withey</persName>, and
<persName id="t19080107-name-173" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-173" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-173" type="surname" value="LONG"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-173" type="given" value="ARTHUR EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-32-offence-1 t19080107-name-173"/>Arthur Edward Long</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Beaumont Morice prosecuted.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070042"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-174" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-174" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-174" type="surname" value="LONG"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-174" type="given" value="ARTHUR EDWARD"/>ARTHUR EDWARD LONG</persName> </hi>, licensee of the "White Hart." London street Greenwich. On December 21, 1907, at 11 p.m., prisoner ordered a glass of ale; he paid for it with a half-crown, which I tested and found bad. I asked him where he got it from. He said, "I got it from a shop up the road in change." I asked him to pay for the ale, which he did with a good 2s. piece. He then asked for the half-crown back. I told him he could not have it—if he wanted it he should go for a policeman. He said he would and went out. I followed him and saw him go straight across the road into another public-house. Ten days afterwards I identified him at the police station. I handed the bad half-crown to the detective and now identify the one pro
<lb/>duced, it having my name scratched on it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-175" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-175" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-175" type="surname" value="BALLARD"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-175" type="given" value="EDITH"/>EDITH BALLARD</persName> </hi>, barmaid, "King's Arms," King William Street, Greenwich. The "King's Arms" is about three minutes' walk from the "White Hart." On December 21, 1907, between 11 and 11.30 p.m. a man whom I do not recognise ordered a glass of ale and paid with a half-crown. I served the ale, gave 2s. 5d. change, and put the coin in the till. Shortly afterwards the same man came into the bar again and was served by Withey, the barman, with a glass of ale, paying with a half-crown. There was no other half-crown in the till at the time.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-176" type="surname" value="WITHEY"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-176" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN WITHEY</persName> </hi>, barman, "King's Arms." On December 21, the prisoner, whom I identify, was served with a glass of ale by the last witness and paid with a half-crown which she put in the till. Pri
<lb/>soner drank his glass of ale clean off and went out of the bar. Three or four minutes afterwards he returned, called for a glass of ale and paid with a half-crown. I served him and gave 2s. 5d. change. He drank the ale clean off and went out. Smith spoke to me, in conse
<lb/>quence of which I tried the two coins with aqua fortis, and found them bad and went after prisoner. I found him standing at the opposite corner of the street and asked him to come and see the landlord, Mr. Ballard. After some hesitation he came in and I was sent for a con
<lb/>stable, who took him into custody</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-177" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-177" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE SMITH</persName> </hi>, ship worker. On December 21, at 11.15 p.m., I was in the "King's Arms" and saw prisoner enter and order two glasses of ale as described, and pay for them with two half-crowns. In consequence of a suggestion I made to Withey, he tested the co and found them bad. We went out after the prisoner and found him standing against the railings 50 yards down the street. He returned to the house and was given into custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-178" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-178" type="surname" value="BALLARD"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-178" type="given" value="NEVILLE SEYMOUR"/>NEVILLE SEYMOUR BALLARD</persName> </hi>, manager "King's Arms." On Decem
<lb/>ber 21 Withey brought prisoner to me and stated that he had changed two bad half-crowns over the bar. Prisoner said he had no knowledge that the coins were bad, otherwise he would not have come back with the second one. I sent for a constable and gave him into custody.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<persName id="t19080107-name-179" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-179" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-179" type="surname" value="LANGHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-179" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALBERT LANGHAM</hi> </persName>, 15 RR. On December 21 at 11.30 p.m. the last witness gave prisoner into my custody. Ballard stated, "This man has passed these two counterfeit half-crowns over</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070043"/>
<p>my bar. He passed one to my daughter, went out, came back again five minutes later, and passed another one to Withey, my barman. Smith called the barman's attention to the fact that he had passed a second half-crown within a few minutes, and they were found to be bad." Prisoner said, "I only went into the house once." I searched for and found 2s. 5d. in the right-hand trouser pocket and a florin and a shilling in the left-hand trouser pocket. When charged with passing the two half-crowns he said, "That is wrong. If there was one it was a mistake to me."</p>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<persName id="t19080107-name-180" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-180" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-180" type="surname" value="MCPHERSON"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-180" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN MCPHERSON</hi> </persName>, R Division. On December 31, at 10.30 a.m., prisoner was identified by Long from nine other men and charged with uttering a bad half-crown at the "White Hart." In reply, he said, "I do not know where the 'White Hart' is." The charge was read over to him, and he made no reply.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-181" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-181" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-181" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-181" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>, Expert in Coins, His Majesty's Mint. The three half-crowns produced are counterfeit.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PRISONER</hi> (not on oath) stated he had no knowledge that the coins were bad, that if he had known it he would not have gone into the same house a second time, and that he should not have stayed im
<lb/>mediately outside the house to be taken back; that he had been a hard-working man all his life, that he had worked for a foundry company for 17 years, for another firm for 12 years, that he had been taking contracts for Admiralty dockyards and for some of the largest iron merchants in England; that he had not the slightest idea they were bad coins.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080107-32-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-32-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-32-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>It was stated that prisoner was a hard-working man but intem
<lb/>perate when out of work, and had got into the company of well-known coiners, by whom he had been used for putting off spurious coins. His employers were prepared to give him work.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t19080107-32-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-32-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-32-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-32-19080107 t19080107-32-punishment-28"/>Released on his own recognisances in £10 to come up for judgment if called upon.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080107-33">
<interp inst="t19080107-33" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080107"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-33" type="date" value="19080107"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-33-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-19080107 t19080107-33-offence-1 t19080107-33-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-33-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-33-19080107 t19080107-33-offence-1 t19080107-33-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-33-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-33-19080107 t19080107-33-offence-1 t19080107-33-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-33-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def4-33-19080107 t19080107-33-offence-1 t19080107-33-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-33-charge-5" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-33-19080107 t19080107-33-offence-2 t19080107-33-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-33-charge-6" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-33-19080107 t19080107-33-offence-2 t19080107-33-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-33-19080107" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-33-19080107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19080107" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19080107" type="surname" value="YOUNG"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19080107" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19080107" type="occupation" value="grocer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">YOUNG</hi>, Henry (42, grocer)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-33-19080107" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-33-19080107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-33-19080107" type="age" value="39"/>
<interp inst="def2-33-19080107" type="surname" value="FOX"/>
<interp inst="def2-33-19080107" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="def2-33-19080107" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOX</hi>, Richard (39, labourer)</persName>,
<persName id="def3-33-19080107" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-33-19080107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-33-19080107" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def3-33-19080107" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def3-33-19080107" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def3-33-19080107" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SMITH</hi>, Henry (25, labourer)</persName>,
<persName id="def4-33-19080107" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def4-33-19080107" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def4-33-19080107" type="surname" value="MAXWELL"/>
<interp inst="def4-33-19080107" type="given" value="ROSE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MAXWELL</hi>, Rose</persName>; Fox and Smith,
<rs id="t19080107-33-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-33-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-33-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>stealing one cask of butter, the goods of
<persName id="t19080107-name-186" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-186" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-33-offence-1 t19080107-name-186"/> Lovell and Christmas, Limited</persName>; </rs>
<rs id="t19080107-33-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-33-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-33-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/>all feloniously receiving one cask of butter, the goods of
<persName id="t19080107-name-187" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-187" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-33-offence-2 t19080107-name-187"/>Lovell and Christmas, Limited</persName>, well knowing it to have been stolen.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Walter Stewart and Mr. Eldon Potter prosecuted; Mr. Purcell defended Young; Mr. Wildey Wright defended Fox and Smith; Mr. Travers Humphreys and Mr. Boyd defended Maxwell.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-188" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-188" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-188" type="surname" value="LIBBY"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-188" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD LIBBY</persName> </hi>, salesman to Lovell and Christmas, Limited. On December 19, 1907, I, with Rowse, was in charge of a van, carrying amongst other things a cask of butter marked "LL" in blue, value £5 8s. At 6.15 p.m. we stopped the van outside a coffee shop at 620, Commercial Road, went in and remained there for refreshments.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070044"/>
<p>until 6.45, or a little later. Having got into the van I found the cask of butter had disappeared. After looking round I went to the police station, where I found the cask of butter, which I at once identified.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Wildey Wright. There were other pack
<lb/>ages in the van. I may have been in the coffee shop from 6.20 to 6.55—I may have said so at the police court. The police station was about five minutes' drive from the coffee shop. Before proceed
<lb/>ing there I looked about and made inquiries.</p>
<p>Detective
<persName id="t19080107-name-189" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-189" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-189" type="surname" value="BOREHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-189" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALBERT BOREHAM</hi> </persName>, H Division. In the afternoon of De
<lb/>cember 19 I was on duty in the Commercial Road. At about 5 p.m. I saw Smith and Fox in a small dark-covered van driven by a brown pony. The van appeared to be empty. At about seven p.m. I saw the van turn out of Commercial Road into Heath Street, Smith and Fox being in it. I and Detective Horne followed by parallel streets into Redman's Road, where I again saw the van, which pulled up at No. 95, Redman's Road, a general and grocer's shop occupied by Maxwell. It was well lighted. I saw Smith jump down from the front of the van, Young came out of the shop, and with Smith carried the cask of butter inside. Fox remained in the van. A moment after Smith came out, jumped into the van, and drove off. I and Horne entered the shop. The prisoner Maxwell was behind the counter and Young was also behind the counter with a cask of flour open. I saw the butter just inside the shop. I said to Young, "Where is the governor?" He said, "He is away—I and the missus are in charge, "pointing to Mrs. Maxwell. I said, "What has that carman left here?" He said, "There has been no carman here." At the same time Horne said to Maxwell, "What did that carman leave here?" She said, "That tub of butter there." I said to Young, "You hear that?" He made no reply. I then took the cask to the police station and returned to the corner of Wellesley Street, about 55 yards from Maxwell's shop, where I saw Smith and Fox standing looking towards Maxwell's shop. I got right on to them before they saw me, put my hand on Smith's shoulder, and said, "I want you." As I said that Fox ran away. "I want you on suspicion of being con
<lb/>cerned with that man in stealing a tub of butter." He made no reply. As I was taking him to the station he said, "What butter?" I said, "That tub of butter that you took to Maxwell's shop about a quarter of an hour ago." He returned no answer. I took him to the station. At 11.15 p.m. I, with Sergeant Leeson, saw Fox in Oxford Street, Commercial Road. I said, "I want you, Fox, for being con
<lb/>cerned with that man you saw me arrest in stealing a tub of butter." He said, "I know nothing about it." I took him to the station and asked his name and address. He said, "You know that. You think you are clever. You have only brought me here because you have seen us together." I have seen Smith, Fox, and Young together out
<lb/>side Maxwell's shop.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Purcell. The street was well lighted and also the shop. Directly I got into the shop I saw the cask of batter.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070045"/>
<p>Young appeared to be filling bags with flour. I did not see him taking tea. (To Mr. Wildey Wright.) Commercial Road is a busy thoroughfare. We got to Redman's Road just as the van pulled up outside the shop. I had suspicions of the shop and we ran up as the van was moving away. We have not traced the van. There was not much traffic in the street. (To Mr. Travers Humphreys.) I know prisoner Maxwell's husband keeps the shop and have seen him serv
<lb/>ing there during the last eighteen months. I have seen him with the barrow outside the shop also. He has also a store at 141, Redman's Road. So far as I know Mrs. Maxwell has never been charged with any offence. If Mr. Maxwell had been in the shop I should have arrested him instead of his wife. I arrested her because Young told me she was in charge. There are shelves in the shop and also boxes. There were some cases nearer to the door than the butter. I did not tell Mrs. Maxwell we were police officers. I believe Inspector Wens
<lb/>ley got the keys of the other premises, 141, Redman's Road. I found a large quantity of stock there; many of the cases had the marks scratched off and we have not been able to trace them.</p>
<p>Re-examined. In the store there were chests of tea with the marks scratched off.</p>
<p>Detective
<persName id="t19080107-name-190" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-190" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-190" type="surname" value="HORNE"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-190" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALFRED HORNE</hi> </persName>, H Division. On December 19 I was with Boreham in the Commercial Road and at about three p.m. saw Smith driving a covered van with a brown pony. About seven in the evening I again saw the van, Smith driving and Fox sitting at the back. I knew both the prisoners. They drove in the direction of Redman's Road. I went down by parallel streets and saw them draw up at 95, Redman's Road. Smith got down and spoke to Young, who came to the door. Young turned and made a sign to someone in the shop. Smith and Fox then lifted a cask of butter from the van and carried it into the shop. Smith remained only a moment, jumped into the van and drove off. We ran to the shop and the cask was standing four feet inside the door. I asked Young what the carman had brought in. He said, "There has been no carman here." He was at the counter putting flour into bags, from a point where he could have seen the cask. Mrs. Maxwell was behind the butter counter taking money from a customer. I asked her the same ques
<lb/>tion, "What did that carman bring in here?" She pointed to the butter and said, "He brought that cask in." I asked her if she had any invoice. She said, "No—he was in a hurry and I am busy. I had no time to sign—it is all right." I told her I believed it to be stolen property and that I should detain her and the other people in the shop until the arrival of assistance. I pointed to Young and another man serving behind the counter; there were customers there whom I did not refer to. Young has a club foot, one leg being shorter than the other. The lid of the tub was broken and I could tea✗it contained butter. Boreham took the butter on a barrow to the station; I left a uniformed officer in charge of the shop and took Mrs. Maxwell to the station. Young was brought in and told by</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070046"/>
<p>Wensley that he would be charged with being concerned in stealing and receiving the butter. He replied, "You have put me through the hoop twice; you are clever and so am I; you cannot do me this time." The following day they were all charged and made no reply.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Purcell. The electric are lamp was burn
<lb/>ing in the street; it may be an incandescent gas light. I have seen Young in the shop for a considerable time, perhaps 14 months. (To Mr. Wildey Wright.) The cask weighed about 100 lb. It would take about half a minute to get from where we saw the van to the shop; it was 55 yards off. There was no traffic in Redman's Road. (To Mr. Travers Humphreys.) I know Mr. Maxwell by sight. I did not see anyone enter the shop while I was there. During the conversation I said to Mrs. Maxwell, "You know who I am." She said, "No." As a matter of fact I know her personally, and she knows me. She has not been charged with any sort of offence that I know of. I have known her for two or three years, both in that shop and when she occupied a shop opposite. I saw her husband about three days before December 19, and on the Saturday night following. I asked for the governor.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I have seen Smith several times driving. I have seen Mr. Maxwell in Court to-day.</p>
<p>Detective
<persName id="t19080107-name-191" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-191" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-191" type="surname" value="LEESON"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-191" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK LEESON</hi> </persName>, N Division. On December 19, at 11 p.m., I was in Oxford Street with Boreham when we saw Fox. Boreham said, "You will be taken into custody for being concerned with another man whom you saw me take into custody this evening for stealing a tub of butter." He replied, "I know nothing about it." He was taken to the station, asked his name and address, and replied, "You know that. No doubt you think you are clever, but you have only brought me here because you have seen us together. Have you got Young and Maxwell? They are the people you ought to have here." Up to that time no one had mentioned the names of Young or Maxwell. He said, "I ought to know better, for I have heard you have been watching the place." I asked Mrs. Maxwell at the station for the keys of the other stores. She gave me the keys of one place. I said, "I believe you have another place—I want the key for that." She said, "I have no knowledge of that place." I then returned to 95, Redman's Road, and Young handed me the keys of another house in Redman's Road, about 40 yards from the shop, which was used as a store-room. I found there a large quantity of provisions of various kinds with nothing on most of the cases to identify them.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Travers Humphreys. It is a bona-fide grocer's business; I have seen a large number of customers at the shop; the other premises are used simply as a warehouse.</p>
<p>Mr. Travers Humphreys submitted that there was no case against Mrs. Maxwell of receiving—no evidence that she took any physical part or that she was in con
<lb/>structive possession.</p>
<p>The Common Serjeant held that as the wife of the proprietor and the person in chief control there was evidence of possession.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070047"/>
<p>Mr. Travers Humphreys submitted that there was absolutely no evidence that the knew the butter was stolen.</p>
<p>The Common Serjeant. I cannot stop the case on that. [The point was reserved.]</p>
<p>(Friday, January 10.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-192" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-192" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-192" type="surname" value="LEESON"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-192" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK LEESON</persName> </hi>, recalled. I kept observation on the premises a: 95, Redman's Road, prior to December 19, and on several occa
<lb/>sions saw the four prisoners together in the shop.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-193" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-193" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-193" type="surname" value="YOUNG"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-193" type="given" value="HENRT"/>HENRT YOUNG</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I have been in the employ of Mr. Maxwell for about 14 months, and am paid 22s. a week for serving in the shop and calling out the amounts of the goods sold—what is called assistant in the grocery trade. I receive no goods. Furniss is another assistant who had been there about there weeks. I serve at the grocery counter on the right-hand side. There is a gangway in the middle of the counter which is the only way to the door; the counter running to the window and the wall. On Decem
<lb/>ber 19, at seven p.m., I was behind the counter, inside, filling bags with flour and having my tea at the same time. I had been doing that five or 10 minutes before the police came in. I stood there some minutes. The officers said, "What did that carman bring in?" I said, "There has been no carman here; I have not seen any carman." I had not seen anything brought in. They then asked, "Where is the governor?" I said, "I and the missus are attending to the business—there is the missus," pointing to the right. I had not gone to the door of the shop or helped anyone to bring in a cask of butter. There is an incandescent street lamp on the other side of the street about 10 yards across. There is no electric arc lamp—there is none in the neighbourhood. The shop is very poorly lighted; there is one T-light in one window and a single gaslight in the other. In the shop there is one light over the grocery counter. It is not well lit for a business place.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I am simply there to serve customers, and if Mr. Maxwell is away I refer anyone to the missus. The other man, Furniss, is in the same position as I am, but does not attend so many hours—he is the odd man and comes in the evening. The keys of the store hang by the clock. If goods are wanted to replenish the stock, Mr. Maxwell, or, in his absence the missus, gives orders. I have not a club foot, but one of my legs has been shortened. I had not an apron on that evening. The shop was not brightly lit for Christmas because the gas was out of order. I was in the shop behind the counter for 10 minutes before the police came. I saw no butter brought in—it is not my duty to take notice of goods brought in. I first went to the shop in October, 1906, as odd man. I had been selling goods in the street at Maxwell's store and one or two friends</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070048"/>
<p>asked Mr. Maxwell to give me a trial. I cannot say if it was a fre
<lb/>quent occurrence to have butter brought in in that way without an invoice.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I had nothing whatever to do with the receipt of goods nor with the ordering of them; I never helped to unload goods even.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-194" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-194" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-194" type="surname" value="FURNISS"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-194" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD FURNISS</persName> </hi>. I have been employed by Maxwell at 95. Red
<lb/>man's Road for six or seven weeks. On December 19 I was assisting at the counter. I got 20s. a week and commission and a little pre
<lb/>sent. I worked at the tea counter. Before the police officers came in I had not seen the cask of butter delivered. Young was behind the counter; he had not been to the door or outside the shop. We had been weighing up goods, and when the officers came in had started weighing flour into bags.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Young could not have gone out to assist carrying in the butter without my becoming aware of it. I certainly heard something put down, but I was busy serving a customer at the window and did not look to see what it was. I certainly did not help to fetch it in. There is no other man in the shop but myself and Young. The shop was very poorly lighted. I have been to the store at Mr. Maxwell's orders.</p>
<p>Re-examined. There is not much light outside the shop.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-195" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-195" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-195" type="surname" value="FOX"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-195" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD FOX</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I am a dock labourer. On De
<lb/>cember 19 I was out of employment. I live at 98, Jamaica street, about two minutes' walk from Redman's Road. I last worked as fruit porter at Fresh Wharf on the Monday before December 19. On December 19 I left home at eight a.m., and remained out till six p.m. or quarter past six. I was not in a van with a brown pony and I know nothing whatever about the cask of butter or its removal. Arriving home at six p.m. I found no one at home and went to West Street, where my wife works, to get some money from her for my tea, as I had had nothing to eat that day. She gave me a trifle, and I had some tea at a coffee shop at about 6.25 p.m. As I was going home through Redman's Road I met Smith at a minute's walk from No. 95. I had been with him about a minute when I saw Boreham with a uniformed officer. He put his hand on Smith's shoulder, and said, "I want you on suspicion of stealing a tub of butter." Then he took him to the station, and I walked away across the road, as their backs were turned going away. I have never been in Maxwell's shop. I know it as I pass it every day. I have never spoken to Mr. or Mrs. Maxwell. I know Smith.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I had been out of work from Monday to Thurs
<lb/>day, December 19. I know Leeson. It is untrue to say that I have been in Maxwell's shop. Leeson was with Boreham. When they arrested Smith I had not the slightest idea of what had taken place. I have seen Smith pulling a barrow. I have never seen him in a pony van. I met Smith that evening coming from Stepney Church. He said, "Have you got that shilling you owe me?" Before I could</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070049"/>
<p>answer the officers came up. When I was taken to the station I gave my address to Leeson, and I said, "You have taken me because you have seen me talking to Smith," not "Because you saw us to
<lb/>gether." I did not say, "Have you got Young and Maxwell?" I do not know them; the names were not mentioned. I did not say, "They are the people you ought to have here," or anything of the kind, nor "I ought to have known better for I have heard you have been watching the place."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-196" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-196" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-196" type="surname" value="FOX"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-196" type="given" value="FLORENCE"/>FLORENCE FOX</persName> </hi>, wife of prisoner Fox. I was at work at 3, West Street, on December 19, from nine a.m. till eight p.m. At 6.30 Fox came there to get 6d. from me to get a bit of tea, and I borrowed it and gave it him.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Fox had been out of work for some time. He has never been to Maxwell's Stores for me. I have never been there.</p>
<p>Re-examined. Fox had been about two days, I believe, out of work on December 19.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-197" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-197" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-197" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-197" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY SMITH</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I live at 32, Knott Street, Step
<lb/>ney. On December 19 I was all day at work at home. I went at six p.m. to the "Alfred's Head" for five minutes and then went to the corner of Wellesley Street in Redman's Road, where I met Fox by accident at seven p.m. I had not seen him before on that day. I had not been in any van that day. I had had nothing at all to do with the cask of butter being removed from Commercial Street to Redman's Road. I never knew Maxwell's shop and have never been in it to my knowledge. As I was speaking to Fox, Boreham came up with a uniformed constable and arrested me on suspicion of stealing a cask of butter. I said, "I do not know what you mean." He said, "You are the one, I am sure, come on." No attempt was made to arrest Fox and he walked quietly across the road. I had no further conversation with Boreham.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not give my address to the police because I did not want my arrest known to my people. I live with my mother, brother, and sister. On December 19 I was drying and mending bags for Myers, of Tower Hill, the ivory place. I do 500 at a time for him. I have a number of receipts. I have not the receipt for the lot done on December 19 as they were not delivered; they are at home. The officer took from me the bill where I bought them. I have done 500 or 600 for Myers every three or four months. I carry them on a hand barrow. I never had a pony van and have never driven one. I was indoors between two and five p.m. on De
<lb/>cember 19, when I went to see a man named William Green at the "Alfred's Head." I do not see him here. I did not tell that to my solicitor. Fox did not follow me to the station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-198" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-198" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-198" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-198" type="given" value="MARY FRANCES"/>MARY FRANCES SMITH</persName> </hi>, 32, Knott Street, Stepney, mother of pri
<lb/>soner Smith. Smith was at home all day on Thursday, December 19, mending bags with me. He went out at six p.m.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. He had a barrow to take the sacks home. I never saw him with a van. He buys sacks, mends, and dries them, and delivers them to different firms. He also gets a living in the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070050"/>
<p>street, buying and selling. He worked for a firm at Tower Hill. I do not know the name.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-199" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-199" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-199" type="surname" value="MAXWELL"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-199" type="given" value="ROSE"/>ROSE MAXWELL</persName> </hi>, wife of R.L. Maxwell, 95, Redman's Road. I have never had a charge made against me. I assist for a little while in the afternoon serving in the shop. I have two young children and have to look after them and the house. I have nothing to do with the purchase of goods. If any came to the shop the carman and male assistant would take them in. On December 19 my husband was away, having left home the day before and returning on December 21. I did not order any goods. At seven p.m. I was very busy behind the counter serving cheese and butter, Mrs. Rayner was waiting to be served, standing between the two counters. I heard a noise as if one of the boxes had fallen. Then I looked up and saw two persons come in whom I now know to be Boreham and Horne. Horne said to me, "Where is the governor?" I said, "Away in Holland." He said, "Hullo, what has that carman brought in here. You know there is a stolen cask of butter?" I said I did not know it was there. He said, "You will have to come to the station with me and tell me what you know of this." He then told one he was a police officer. I asked him to wait till I had served a customer, got my hat and coat and went with him. I never said that the carman had brought a cask of butter. There were a lot of baskets and cases in front of the counter which prevented my seeing the cask of butter being put in at the door. I have never received goods that I knew to be stolen.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have been seven years married. I only know my husband by the name of Maxwell. I never knew him as Brobsky nor heard him called by that name. I have not said before that there were baskets which obscured my view of the door. I do not know if my husband is here; he came to the Court with me. I did not have the management of the shop; there is nothing to manage; simply to weigh up butter and cheese; the handling of the counter and taking of the money. I never gave any orders to get things from the store; I could not tell you what stock there is there. The keys are hanging on the wall and the men are at liberty to take them. The name of Maxwell. is up at the store, 141, Redman's Road. One of the officers asked me for the keys of Cressy House. I said we had no such place; I did not say we had another place. I said, "If you go to Young he will give you the keys of further down." No 141 is a storing place, but there are rooms over which are occu
<lb/>pied. When Horne asked me about the butter I did not say the man was in a hurry; there was no time to sign—nothing of the kind. There was no manager in my husband's absence; there was nothing to manage, only to serve; there were no goods coming in.</p>
<p>Re-examined. My husband is never away more than two days or for a couple of hours in the day time. (To the Judge.) Horne did not point to the butter and say the carman had brought that butter in; he did not mention an invoice; he said it had been stolen.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-200" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-200" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-200" type="surname" value="RATHER"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-200" type="given" value="MARTHA"/>MARTHA RATHER</persName> </hi>, wife of Joseph Rayner, 5, Stepney Green. I have been a customer at Maxwell's shop for 5 1/2 years. I only know</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070051"/>
<p>Mrs. Maxwell as a shopkeeper. On December 19, at about 6.40 p.m., I was at the butter counter, at which Mrs. Maxwell was serving. There were a lot of people in the shop, and she asked me if I would mind waiting, which I did. I heard a noise as if something had dropped, turned round, and saw the two officers, Boreham and Horne, enter the shop. Horne went up to Mrs. Maxwell and said, "What did that man bring in here?" She said, "I do not know, I am sure, as I am busy serving." He said, "Do you know who I am?" She said, "No, sir." He said, "I am a police officer; you must come to the station and tell me what you know about this," and pointed to a cask standing by the door. Mrs. Maxwell said she did not know anything at all about it. She did not say anything about a cask of butter nor about an invoice. I went to the police station to hear the case and afterwards gave my statement' of my own accord. (To Mr. Purcell.) Young was standing at the counter, behind where I was standing in the gangway. He could not have moved out without passing me. I was there for about quarter of an hour before the butter came in. I am sure Young did not go to the door.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. There were nine grown
<lb/>up people and three or four children in the shop. I heard a bump, looked round, and saw the tub at the door. The two officers came in directly I heard the noise. Mr. Maxwell is generally in charge of the shop; when he is away, Mrs. Maxwell or sometimes her sister. Boreham said to Young, "Hullo, what is this?" pointing to the cask that was by the door. Young said, "I don't know," and referred him to the missus. Mr. Boreham did not say, "It is all right." He said, "Where is the governor?" She said he was away, and he said, "What was it that man brought in?"</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-201" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-201" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-201" type="surname" value="GREENSPAN"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-201" type="given" value="COLMAN"/>COLMAN GREENSPAN</persName> </hi>, provision dealer, 26, Wetling Street;
<persName id="t19080107-name-202" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-202" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-202" type="surname" value="DOLPHIN"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-202" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEN
<lb/>JAMIN DOLPHIN</hi> </persName>, commercial traveller, Staines Road, Ilford; and
<persName id="t19080107-name-203" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-203" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-203" type="surname" value="LEWSEY"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-203" type="given" value="CHARLES JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CHARLES JOSEPH LEWSEY</hi> </persName>, manager to a provision house in Mark Lane, all stated they had known Mrs. Maxwell for six or seven years and that she had borne the character of being a thoroughly respectable and honest woman.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080107-33-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-33-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-33-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>all Guilty.</rs> </p>
<p>Young admitted being convicted at Clerkenwell Sessions on January 17, 1905, for receiving tea, etc., value £200, receiving 23 months' hard labour; he was also sentenced to 12 months' at North London Sessions on February 3, 1903, for receiving butter value £100, the proceeds of a van larceny; fined 40s. on October 1, 1906, for exposing pirated music.</p>
<p>Fox admitted having been convicted at Clerkenwell on March 3, 1903, when he was sentenced to 3 1/2 years' penal servitude, with two years' supervision, for van robbery; on March 8, 1906, six months' and license revoked. Previous convictions: May 30, 1892, till rob
<lb/>bery, two months; December 15, 1892, six months for stealing silk; July 14, 1893, one month for unlawful possession; September 18, 1893, 12 months for stealing a case of boots; February 18, 1895, 18</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070052"/>
<p>months for stealing a watch and chain from the person; June 20, 1900, 18 months for van stealing.</p>
<p>Smith admitted being convicted at Clerkenwell on April 25, 1905, receiving 18 months' hard labour for stealing a horse, van, and con
<lb/>tents Other convictions. December 24, 1900, four months for lar
<lb/>ceny.; May 5, 1903, 23 months for stealing and receiving silk.</p>
<p>It was stated that Maxwell was not considered a principal nor primarily responsible for receiving the property.</p>
<p>Sentences: Fox,
<rs id="t19080107-33-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-33-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-33-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-33-19080107 t19080107-33-punishment-29"/>Five years' penal servitude</rs>; Young and Smith,
<rs id="t19080107-33-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-33-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-33-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-19080107 t19080107-33-punishment-30"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-33-19080107 t19080107-33-punishment-30"/>Four years' penal servitude</rs>. Maxwell
<rs id="t19080107-33-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-33-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-33-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def4-33-19080107 t19080107-33-punishment-31"/>was bound over in her own and her father, Morris Cohen's, recognisances in £20 each to come up for judgment if called upon.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUDGE LUMLEY SMITH</hi>. (Thursday, January 9.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080107-34">
<interp inst="t19080107-34" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080107"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-34" type="date" value="19080107"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-34-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-34-19080107 t19080107-34-offence-1 t19080107-34-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-34-19080107" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-34-19080107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19080107" type="surname" value="CLADISH"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19080107" type="given" value="GEORGE JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CLADISH</hi>, George James</persName>,
<rs id="t19080107-34-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-34-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-34-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19080107-34-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-34-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-34-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>of making a false entry in a postage book belonging to the
<persName id="t19080107-name-205" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-205" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-34-offence-1 t19080107-name-205"/>Cyclists' Touring Club</persName>, his em
<lb/>ployers, whereby a larceny of £3 19s. 6d. was concealed. </rs>There were other counts in the indictment, which were not proceeded with.</p>
<p>It appeared that a man named William Fuller Kent had been con
<lb/>cerned with prisoner in the misdemeanours, and he had been sen
<lb/>tenced (after pleading guilty) by Mr. Horace Smith to three months in the second division. Prisoner had been 22 years in the employ of the prosecutors and had borne a good character.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080107-34-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-34-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-34-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-34-19080107 t19080107-34-punishment-32"/>Three months in the second division.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080107-35">
<interp inst="t19080107-35" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080107"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-35" type="date" value="19080107"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-35-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-35-19080107 t19080107-35-offence-1 t19080107-35-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-35-19080107" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-35-19080107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19080107" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19080107" type="surname" value="GAMMON"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19080107" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19080107" type="occupation" value="porter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GAMMON</hi>, Robert (24, porter)</persName>,
<rs id="t19080107-35-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-35-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-35-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19080107-35-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-35-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-35-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>of assaulting
<persName id="t19080107-name-207" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-207" type="surname" value="DARBY"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-207" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-35-offence-1 t19080107-name-207"/>John Darby</persName>, a police-constable, in the execution of his duty and occasion
<lb/>ing him actual bodily harm. </rs>It was stated that a woman named
<persName id="t19080107-name-208">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-208" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-208" type="surname" value="ROGERS"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-208" type="given" value="LILY"/>Lily Rogers</persName> had pluckily rendered assistance to the officer. Other convictions were proved.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080107-35-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-35-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-35-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-35-19080107 t19080107-35-punishment-33"/>Nine months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080107-36">
<interp inst="t19080107-36" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080107"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-36" type="date" value="19080107"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-36-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-36-19080107 t19080107-36-offence-1 t19080107-36-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-36-19080107" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-36-19080107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19080107" type="surname" value="O'CONNOR"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19080107" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">O'CONNOR</hi>, William</persName>
<rs id="t19080107-36-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-36-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-36-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>; feloniously wounding
<persName id="t19080107-name-210" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-210" type="surname" value="DIEROFF"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-210" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-36-offence-1 t19080107-name-210"/>George Dieroff</persName>, with intent to do him grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Reith prosecuted. Mr. W.G. Courthope defended.
<persName id="t19080107-name-211" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-211" type="surname" value="DIEROFF"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-211" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE DIEROFF</hi> </persName>, 45, Flaxman Road, Camberwell, butcher. (Wit
<lb/>ness's head was in bandages.) Prisoner and his wife formerly lodged with me; they left about nine or ten weeks ago. About December 9 or 10 I received a letter from Mrs. O'Connor, which was about the second or third I had had from her. In consequence of that letter I called on Mrs. O'Connor about 5.30 p.m. on December 16. There was only the child there besides Mrs. O'Connor. About quarter of an hour or 20 minutes afterwards prisoner came in. At that time I was standing in about the middle of the room. Mrs. O'Connor had gone out before this. The child was in the kitchen. This room</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070053"/>
<p>was the front basement. Prisoner came in from the front door and caught me by the throat. We had a bit of a wrestle and I was thrown on the side of the bed. I did not actually see prisoner come in. After a bit of a struggle I twisted prisoner over and said, "Now, what are you going to do?" Being in the dark, of course, I could not see what he was doing, but I got a crash across the head, fol
<lb/>lowed by another one immediately, and I presume I must have got a third one, probably. I shrieked out "Murder!" because I felt that the implement was something that was penetrating my head. After that I remember no more, until being in a cab and taken to St. Thomas's Hospital. I could not see whether prisoner had anything in his hands before he struck me; he evidently had not when he closed with me. I did not see him pick up anything. As to the reason for prisoner's attack, he had had news evidently, not only from my wife, but from another lady in the neighbourhood, in regard to Mrs. O'Connor putting the news about that she was in love with me. That is the only reason I could think why he had any feeling against me. I have not been to the hospital since last Friday week. My head is getting on pretty well.</p>
<p>(Witness was cross-examined at length with a view of showing that he had been carrying on an intrigue with prisoner's wife and that at the time of the assault they were caught flagrante delicto. This witness denied.) The room I was in is a bed-sitting room; the other room is a kitchen; the doors open one from the other. (Wit ness described the arrangement of the rooms.) I did not see any lamp outside the room. The shutters were closed. I was dressed then as I am now. My overcoat was in the room, not in the kitchen; I had taken it off, after being asked. I may have had a newspaper with me, but I did not go into the kitchen, nor give the paper to the child to play with. I did not know the room was a bedroom till I got there. You could not see the bed; there was no light; you could scarcely see an inch before you. The letter Mrs. O'Connor wrote was not one making an appointment; it appealed to me to come and see her as soon as possible. I got it on the Monday. On the Friday there had been a meeting between prisoner, his wife, and myself, when the former found me with his wife, but we were not arm in arm. Prisoner pulled his wife away from me. I had not arranged with Mrs. O'Connor that we were to go away together with the child and O'Connor's furniture. Mrs. O'Connor's letter was sent to No. 2, Cowcross Street, Smithfield, where a friend of mine allows me to have letters sent. I have no business address of my own. Mrs. O'Connor knew she dare not write to my home. My wife was jealous. Mrs. O'Connor pandered to me and tried to lead me away from my wife. I have been with Mrs. O'Connor on one or two occa
<lb/>sions. I once took her with another lady to a music-hall; I did not know it was against the husband's wishes. Prisoner has never complained to me. He has met me when I have been with his wife on two occasions—once at Camberwell Green and once by accident, on a Sunday night, after I had been to see my daughter to my sister-in-law's</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070054"/>
<p>house. Mrs. O'Connor said she could not stay at home as there was no one there, and asked where I was going. Mr. O'Connor met us in Coldharbour Lane, but he did not complain. His wife went off with him. I forget the date of this. It is not true that on November 8 I kept Mrs. O'Connor out till two in the morning. She never brought me a cup of tea when I was in bed unless my wife was there too. It is true my wife one day made accu
<lb/>sations against me because the door was bolted when she came home one day while Mrs. O'Connor and I were in the house and the former had to go down to let my wife in. I had gone to bed in the after
<lb/>noon, which I usually do. Mrs. O'Connor had not been to my room as far as I know; the child was there. I was foolish, I presume, not to avoid Mrs. O'Connor. I said before the magistrate that Mrs. O'Connor was not in the room when prisoner was there at the time of the assault. I had been talking to her, and she disappeared sud
<lb/>denly. My collar must have come off after prisoner caught hold of it; I have not seen it since. There was a hand-to-hand struggle in the first instance. I had not noticed the rasp; prisoner might have had it in his pocket. It was not on the table. My wife had pre
<lb/>viously been to O'Connor, as she had an idea I was at his house. There was some little talk between my wife and me on the Saturday about separating. O'Connor's house is in a blind alley. I did not run into the kitchen after O'Connor had hit me; I fell down with the blow.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I did not know the O'Connors very well; only as lodgers for a little while. I have never misconducted myself with Mrs. O'Connor.</p>
<p>To the Judge. I spoke to Mrs. O'Connor on the day in question about a quarrel she had had with her husband, about me, I suppose. The letter that Mrs. O'Connor wrote me, as far as I remember, said that she would sooner live with me in one room on a crust of bread and cheese and serve me as faithfully as a dog would its master than live with the nasty jeering wretch that she was living with, and com
<lb/>plained of O'Connor ill-using her on a certain occasion. She im
<lb/>plored me to be sure and call on her. I was wrong to go to see her.</p>
<p>Mrs.
<persName id="t19080107-name-212" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-212" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-212" type="surname" value="DIEROFF"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-212" type="given" value="EMMA"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">EMMA DIEROFF</hi> </persName>, wife of George Dieroff. On December 16 I went a/bout six o'clock to the O'Connor's house, and found prisoner hitting my husband with a rasp. The door of the house was open. My husband was standing at the foot of the stairs bleeding pro
<lb/>fusely, and prisoner struck him a blow with which he fell to the ground. Prisoner then struck two more blows. I struggled with him and got the rasp away, asking him not to hit my husband again. He said he would in a minute. I ran and hid the rasp (produced), and went back and got my husband out. O'Connor said, "Get him out of my house." After that I went with my husband to st. Thomas's.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I was jealous owing to Mrs. O'Connor making such a boast of being madly in love with my husband; no other man she ever loved. I thought it was true. Once when I went out of</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070055"/>
<p>the house she deliberately went and asked my husband into the bed
<lb/>room. I did not think there was improper intimacy. I had been three times that week to see O'Connor about his wife and my hus
<lb/>band. I went the first time with a woman whose husband Mrs. O'Connor had arranged to spend a week-end with. I asked O'Connor if he would keep his wife as far as possible in his place. I did not intend if possible that she should take my husband from me. We had been married 18 years, and no one had come between us before. On the Saturday morning I asked O'Connor if it was right that he had met his wife and my husband together; he said, "Yes." I told him I thought it was very hard that another woman should try and get my husband away from me, and that I was sorry for him. On the Monday I went to O'Connor and told him his wife had said she would have my husband by some means in the afternoon as she could not have him at night. I was determined to find out for myself. My husband was rather late home that day. I asked O'Connor if he would be likely to be going home yet; he said he did not know. I told him I should go and watch the house. One afternoon I had gone out and left my husband asleep, and on returning the door was fastened, so that I could not open it with my key. The milkman was there, and Mrs. O'Connor came down with my jug and her milk can. She said she locked the door because a funny
<lb/>looking man wanted to dig up the tree in front of the house. I asked my husband why he was disturbed, because the O'Connor's little child was in my room, and my doors were all wide open; I had left them closed. He said he had been wakened by the child coming in and pulling the bedclothes. The child was very fond of us all. I do not know that Mrs. O'Connor took m✗husband tea; except that on one Sunday she brought us both tea. I saw the last three blows that prisoner struck my husband. I did not say, "You are caught at last," nor anything like that. I think my expression was, "Here you are," I knew of nothing going on till after Mrs. O'Connor left our house and she made this boast.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I had no suspicion my husband was running after Mrs. O'Connor.</p>
<p>To the Judge. Into the room where the struggle was there was a light shining from the kitchen door, which was open. I could not say whether it was lamp or gas. I did not see Mrs. O'Connor there. My husband was fully dressed when I arrived. I noticed particularly.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-213" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-213" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-213" type="surname" value="PAGE"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-213" type="given" value="CHARLES MAX"/>CHARLES MAX PAGE</persName> </hi>, casualty officer at St. Thomas's Hospital, de
<lb/>posed to attending to George Dieroff when he was brought to the hospital on December 16th, about 6.30 p.m., suffering from six wounds in all, five involving the whole thickness of the scalp. On the left side there was one three inches in extent, exposing the bone. The rasp produced could have made them. The wounds apparently healed very well.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. One could not say the wounds were not dan
<lb/>gerous; there might have been septic infection. The part of the skull affected is a strong part.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190801070056"/>
<p>Police-constable 265 L. On December 17 Mrs. Dieroff, at 7.25 p.m., handed me a rasp (produced) which had fresh blood on it. I took prosecutor to Camberwell Green Police Station from the hos
<lb/>pital.</p>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<persName id="t19080107-name-214" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-214" type="surname" value="HEDGES"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-214" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK HEDGES</hi> </persName>, P Division. I arrested pri
<lb/>soner on December 16, at 10 o'clock, at 8, Station Terrace. When I told him the charge, he said, "All right; I caught him on the bed with my wife, and meant to give him a good thrashing." I took him to the station, and when charged he said, "Yes." In the room at Station Terrace there were blood stains on the bed, and at the foot of the stairs; also splashes on the walls.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I never saw Dieroff's coat</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-215" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-215" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-215" type="surname" value="O'CONNOR"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-215" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM O'CONNOR</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I have been employed by Mr. Rixon, carman and contractor, for eight years, all the time I have been in England. I am a teetotaller. From August 30 to November 30 last my wife and I lived in the Dieroff's house. Up to then my married life was as happy as could be, until this Dieroff interfered. He started on September 7, and frequently day and night up till December 16 I used to catch him with my wife. He used to take her out and keep her out till every public-house was closed. On November 8 he took her to the theatre and brought her home at 12 o'clock, then kept her in his bedroom till two a.m. I had been asleep, but got out of bed, and on going downstairs found my wife coming out of his room. Mrs. Dieroff was out at the time; she used to go out nursing. I have complained several times, but it was no use. He tried to cause a fight, thinking I should cause a fight in the streets. I complained also to Mrs. Dieroff. On two occasions I found Dieroff and my wife arm-in-arm; once on the Friday before this occurrence, when I took my wife away from him. I generally finish work about nine or 10 at night. On Monday, the 16th, Mrs. Dieroff came to me at my work, at about quarter to five, and said that her husband had not come home, and that he was in my house with my wife. I then went to my house, which is about 15 minutes' walk from my work. (Witness described how he found his wife and Dieroff committing adultery, and how he had a struggle with the latter, who called him an "Irish bastard.") While Dieroff was getting the best of me I picked up a rasp which was on the table, and used it, but I did not know whether I was striking him or not. Then we parted, he going through the door leading to the kitchen, tripping over a mat, and falling down. His wife then came in, and said, "You are caught, and I am very glad of it." My wife was in the kitchen then. She went there when I first entered the room. I did not hit Dieroff after he was down, nor did Mrs. Dieroff see me hit him. I do not know why the rasp was on the table.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I thought the best way of stopping Dieroff from interfering with my wife was to move away from his house. When</p>
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<p>I went into Dieroff's house it was not exactly dark. I was too much excited to know that I was hitting Dieroff.</p>
<p>Re-examined. There was a street lamp outside the room, and some of the shutters were not closed at the top. (To the Judge.) I cannot say how Dieroff's wounds were caused exactly. (To the Jury.) The rasp is not used in my employment.</p>
<p>Mrs.
<persName id="t19080107-name-216" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-216" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-216" type="surname" value="O'CONNOR"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-216" type="given" value="na"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">O'CONNOR</hi> </persName>, wife of prisoner, said that she had had relations with Dieroff from the time she first knew him sad that she was committing adultery with him just before the assault took place. Witness said she did not remember saying what Dieroff said she did in her letter to him about her husband. Generally she corro
<lb/>borated prisoner's evidence.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-217" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-217" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-217" type="surname" value="RIXON"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-217" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM RIXON</persName> </hi>, carman and contractor, prisoner's employer, said in regard to him, "No better man ever was born on this earth; he is a staunch teetotaller and acts up to his religion on every point."</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080107-36-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-36-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-36-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19080107-37">
<interp inst="t19080107-37" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080107"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-37" type="date" value="19080107"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-37-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-37-19080107 t19080107-37-offence-1 t19080107-37-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-37-19080107" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-37-19080107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19080107" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19080107" type="surname" value="TYLER"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19080107" type="given" value="DAVID"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19080107" type="occupation" value="stoker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">TYLER</hi>, David (28, stoker)</persName>
<rs id="t19080107-37-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-37-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-37-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>; feloniously wounding
<persName id="t19080107-name-219" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-219" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-219" type="surname" value="TOMBS"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-219" type="given" value="DAISY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-37-offence-1 t19080107-name-219"/>Daisy Tombs</persName> with intent to do her some grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>Police-constable
<persName id="t19080107-name-220" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-220" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-220" type="surname" value="SUTTON"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-220" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALBERT SUTTON</hi> </persName>, 361. H. On December 8 I was on duty in Commercial Street at one a.m., Sunday, when I saw pro
<lb/>secutrix running round the corner and prisoner chasing her. He made a rush at her, and shortly afterwards I heard a scream. I ran across the street and caught prisoner. He said, "If I do not have her no one else Shall." When we got to the police station he took a knife (produced) from his pocket and handed it to me, saying, "This is what I done it with." He made no reply when charged.</p>
<p>To prisoner. I saw no one about at the time you chased the girl; afterwards there was a young fellow there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-221" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-221" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-221" type="surname" value="TOMBS"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-221" type="given" value="DAISY"/>DAISY TOMBS</persName> </hi>. I have been keeping company with prisoner. On the night of December 8 I was with him. He asked me to go home, and I refused. I wanted to get away from him for a few minutes. I did not see him take a knife out of his pocket. The only reasons why he stabbed me were, partly because I would not go home and partly through another man. Prisoner stabbed me in the left breast. There was nothing said afterwards.</p>
<p>To the Judge. I was living with prisoner at the time. I was engaged to him. At the time this happened there was another man there called George. He fetched the "coppers" to lock up prisoner. Prisoner thought I was going with George, who had asked me to.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-222" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-222" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-222" type="surname" value="CLARKE"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-222" type="given" value="PERCY JOHN"/>PERCY JOHN CLARKE</persName> </hi>, divisional surgeon, said he attended to Daisy Tombs on the night in question at Commercial Street Station. She had an incised wound just below the left breast, three-quarters of an inch deep. The wound itself was not dangerous, but was in a very dangerous position. It might have been caused by the knife which was shown him. With a little more force the wound might have caused death.</p>
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<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19080107-name-223" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-223" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-223" type="surname" value="TYLER"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-223" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID TYLER</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath) said he had known the girl as a prostitute, that he had found her in his room once with the man George, who was referred to. On the day of the occurrence he had had a drop of drink with a man who had promised him work, and afterwards found the girl walking in Commercial Street with the man George. Prisoner asked her if she was going home, and she refused. I said, "Come home"; she said, "All right, put me down." I did so, and she made a pretence to go to the urinal. When I saw her again she was in the "Princess Alice" with a young woman. I asked her to have a drink with my friend, and we had one together. This was just before the house closed. When we came out I missed her, and next saw her with George. I believe I made a rush at her, but hardly recollect. I did not know I had the knife in my hand. Ac
<lb/>cording to any friend, he says I was cutting a bit of tobacco. I am sorry for what I have done. If I get a chance I am willing to marry the girl, and work when I get it to do.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19080107-37-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-37-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-37-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>. Previous convictions were proved, for burglary, etc. In the beginning of 1907 prisoner had been certified as men
<lb/>tally deficient.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19080107-37-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-37-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-37-punishment-34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-37-19080107 t19080107-37-punishment-34"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>, his Lordship remarking that the prison authorities' attention would be drawn to the certificate which was given on a previous occasion.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE MR</hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUSTICE BIGHAM</hi>.</p>
<p>(Friday, January 10.)</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19080107-38" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19080107"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-38" type="date" value="19080107"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19080107-38-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-38-19080107 t19080107-38-offence-1 t19080107-38-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-38-19080107" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-38-19080107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19080107" type="surname" value="HOLLIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19080107" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HOLLIS</hi>, William John</persName>
<rs id="t19080107-38-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19080107-38-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-38-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>; manslaughter of
<persName id="t19080107-name-225" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-225" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-225" type="surname" value="BELHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-225" type="given" value="WILLIAM GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19080107-38-offence-1 t19080107-name-225"/>William George Bel
<lb/>ham</persName>,
<persName id="t19080107-name-226" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19080107-name-226" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-226" type="surname" value="BRUNNING"/>
<interp inst="t19080107-name-226" type="given" value="FRANK WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder=