<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<p>1907, JULY.</p>
<p>Vol. CXLVII.] [Part 874.</p>
<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>Shorthand Writer to the Court.</p>
<p>EDITED BY</p>
<p>[Published by Annual Subscription.]</p>
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<p>On the King's Commission of</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>Held on Monday, July 22nd, 1907, and following days.</p>
<p>Before the Right Hon. Sir
<persName id="t19070722-name-1" type="judiciaryName">
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<interp inst="t19070722-name-1" type="surname" value="TRELOAR"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-1" type="given" value="WILLIAM PURDIE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM PURDIE TRELOAR</hi> </persName>, Bart.,
<hi rend="largeCaps">LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; the Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-2" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-2" type="surname" value="DARLING"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-2" type="given" value="CHARLES JOHN"/>CHARLES JOHN DARLING</persName> </hi>, Knight, one of the Justices of His Majesty's High Court; Sir
<persName id="t19070722-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-3" type="surname" value="ELLIS"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-3" type="given" value="WHITAKER"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">J. WHITAKER ELLIS</hi> </persName>, Bart., Sir
<persName id="t19070722-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-4" type="surname" value="RENALS"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-4" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOSEPH RENALS</hi> </persName>, Bart., Sir
<persName id="t19070722-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-5" type="surname" value="NEWTON"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-5" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALFRED J. NEWTON</hi> </persName>, Bart., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t19070722-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-6" type="surname" value="STRONG"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-6" type="given" value="VEZEY"/>T. VEZEY STRONG</persName> </hi>, Sir
<persName id="t19070722-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-7" type="surname" value="BELL"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-7" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN C. BELL</hi> </persName>, and
<hi rend="smallCaps">W. GUTHRIE</hi>, Esq., Aldermen of the said City; Sir
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<interp inst="t19070722-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-8" type="surname" value="FULTON"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-8" type="given" value="FORREST"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FORREST FULTON</hi> </persName>, Knight, K.C., Recorder of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-9" type="surname" value="BOSANQUET"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-9" type="given" value="FREDERICK ALBERT"/>FREDERICK ALBERT BOSANQUET</persName> </hi>, K.C., Common Serjeant of the said City; His Honour Judge
<hi rend="smallCaps">RENTOUL</hi>, K.C., Commissioner, His Majesty's Justices of Oyer aid Terminer and General Gaol Delivery holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
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<interp inst="t19070722-name-10" type="surname" value="CROSBY"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-10" type="given" value="THOMAS BOOR"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS BOOR CROSBY</hi> </persName>, Kt., Alderman</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t19070722-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-11" type="surname" value="DUNN"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-11" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY DUNN</persName> </hi>, Kt.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs</hi>.</p>
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<interp inst="t19070722-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-12" type="surname" value="GREENHILL"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-12" type="given" value="HENRY RIDGE"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HENRY RIDGE GREENHILL</hi> </persName>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t19070722-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-13" type="surname" value="TIMBRELL"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-13" type="given" value="ANDREW WILLIAM"/>ANDREW WILLIAM TIMBRELL</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs</hi>.</p>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">TRELOAR, MAYOR. TENTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RECORDER</hi>.</p>
<p>(Monday, July 22.)</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">HORTON</hi>, Charles (24, servant)</persName>
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<interp inst="t19070722-1-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
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<interp inst="t19070722-1-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-1-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to forging and uttering a certain order for the payment of £7 10s., with intent to defraud; obtaining by false pretences from
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<interp inst="t19070722-name-15" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-15" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-1-offence-1 t19070722-name-15"/>William Thomas Lewis</persName> the sum of £7 10s. with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Roach prosecuted.</p>
<p>Prisoner was a driver in the 77th Battery of the Royal Field Artillery and was recently appointed mess butler to an officers' mess in Tipperary. He shortly afterwards absconded, taking with him a cheque-book. He came to London and used the smoking-room of the Grand Hotel, Strand, representing himself to be an officer in the regiment. He sent a messenger with a letter to the prosecutor, at Woolwich, requesting him to change a cheque for £7 10s., which was eclosed in the letter. The cheque purported to be signed by an officer. Prosecutor sent prisoner £7 10s., but the cheque was subse
<lb/>quently discovered to be a forgery. Prisoner was arrested upon the charge, and it was ascertained that he had similarly filled up several other cheques from the cheque-book and changed them in Ireland, where he obtained £33 in respect of them. Others were found at his lodgings in readiness to be cashed. The police stated that prisoner was an American citizen and a native of Chicago. He appeared to have We got tired of the Army, and he had purchased his discharge before he absconded with the cheque-book. He thought that by falling up and cashing the cheques he might be able to get money to enable him to return to Chicago.</p>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-1-19070722 t19070722-1-punishment-1"/>Nine months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">HOLMS</hi>, George (59, labourer)</persName>
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<interp inst="t19070722-2-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
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<interp inst="t19070722-2-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, to burglary in the dwelling-house of
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<interp inst="t19070722-name-17" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-17" type="surname" value="RATCLIFF"/>
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-2-offence-1 t19070722-name-17"/>Alfred Ratcliff</persName>, and stealing therein two fans and other property.</rs> A heavy list of convictions was proved, dating from 1888, the last in 1900, with a sentence of five years' penal servitude and three years' police supervision. The Recorder said it was clear that prisoner was an habitual criminal, whom it was no use dealing with leniently, and sentenced him to
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-2-19070722 t19070722-2-punishment-2"/>five years' penal servi
<lb/>tude.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">ANGEL</hi>, Fanny (24, fruiterer)</persName>
<rs id="t19070722-3-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-3-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-3-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>; feloniously marrying
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<interp inst="t19070722-name-19" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-19" type="surname" value="ANGEL"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-19" type="given" value="PHILIP"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-3-offence-1 t19070722-name-19"/>Philip Angel</persName>, her husband being then alive.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Slade Butler prosecuted; Mr. L. G. Hardy defended.</p>
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<persName id="t19070722-name-20" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-20" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-20" type="surname" value="HARTOPP"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-20" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH HARTOPP</persName> </hi>, stickmaker, 17, Widegate Street, Bishopsgate. On October 13, 1900, I was present at the Registry Office, Vallance Road. E., and was witness to the marriage of prisoner, in the name of
<persName id="t19070722-name-21">
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<rs id="t19070722-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-name-21 t19070722-alias-1"/>Fanny Brasewick</rs> </persName>, to a man who gave the name of Alec Cooper.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. A little before that I had been introduced to Cooper. A few days after this marriage I heard that he had been previously married and that his first wife was alive. In a very short time Cooper left the prisoner and went to America.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-22" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-22" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-22" type="surname" value="SILVERSTEIN"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-22" type="given" value="ISAAC"/>ISAAC SILVERSTEIN</persName> </hi>, upholsterer, Gray Street, E. In 1900 I was employed at Symons', Christian Street, E. Alec Cooper used to come there with his wife (prisoner) selling furniture. In 1902 I went to New York. I there saw the same man, Cooper; I kept a luncheon-room, and he came there daily up to the time I left in June, 1905.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I pledge my oath that this is the woman who used to come to our shop with Cooper as his wife in 1900, and that the man I saw from 1902 to June, 1905, in America was the same Aleo Cooper.</p>
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<persName id="t19070722-name-23" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-23" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-23" type="surname" value="ANGEL"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-23" type="given" value="PHILIP"/>PHILIP ANGEL</persName> </hi>, 66, Christian Street. On May 15, 1903, I went through a form of marriage with prisoner at the East London Syna
<lb/>gogue. I produce the certificate. She described herself as, "Fanny Newman, 23, spinster." I lived with her for two years; then I dis
<lb/>covered that she had been married before, and I left her.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Three years ago I was convicted at this court of keeping a disorderly house, and sentenced to two months' imprison
<lb/>ment. It is not true that when I came out I wanted prisoner to assist me in keeping a disorderly house, and that because she refused I had her arrested on the present charge. She wanted me to live with her and I refused. It is two years since I found out that she had been previously married. As to why I did not then give her into custody, I did not know the English law. On June 7 last she wanted to assault me, and it was then that I told the police she had got a husband in America. I know a man named Retkinsky; he is no relation of mine. Q. Did Retkinsky come to vou three days be
<lb/>fore you married this woman and tell you that she was already mar
<lb/>ried—The Recorder intimated that this was not a case in which the pri
<lb/>soner would be sent to prison, after the evidence of the man Angel. Mr. Hardy said the defence set up would be that prisoner's mar
<lb/>riage with Cooper was illegal, because at the time Cooper was a married man. The Recorder pointed out that, if that defence suc
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<p>prisoner would be tied to Angel. Prisoner was asked whether she desired to continue to live with Angel. She replied that, if he would promise not to keep a disorderly house again, she would live with him. Eventually prisoner withdrew her plea, and . She was sentenced to
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-3-19070722 t19070722-3-punishment-3"/>One day's imprisonment and was immediately discharged.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-4-19070722" type="given" value="ARTHUR CHANNING"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BICKNELL</hi>, Arthur Channing</persName>, pleaded not guilty to indictments charging him with
<rs id="t19070722-4-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-4-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-4-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/> unlawfully making a certain declaration, made under the authority of the Statutory Declarations Act, 1835, to wit, a declaration made before
<persName id="t19070722-name-25" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-25" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-25" type="surname" value="MORRIS"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-25" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-4-offence-1 t19070722-name-25"/>Arthur Morris</persName>, a Commissioner for Oaths, knowing the same to be untrue in certain material particulars; and with obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t19070722-name-26" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-26" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-26" type="surname" value="HERON"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-26" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-4-offence-1 t19070722-name-26"/>Harry Heron</persName> a banker's cheque for the payment of £190, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Counsel for the prosecution stated that since the proceeding be
<lb/>fore the magistrate certain circumstances had been investigated, which showed that the conduct of the defendant was open to a per
<lb/>fectly innocent interpretation; it was therefore proposed to offer no evidence. A verdict of
<rs id="t19070722-4-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-4-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-4-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>Not guilty</rs> was accordingly returned.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-5-19070722" type="age" value="61"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19070722" type="surname" value="BOAL"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19070722" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">BOAL</hi>, Thomas (61, mechanic)</persName>
<rs id="t19070722-5-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-5-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-5-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>; stealing and receiving a post letter containing two banker's cheques for the payment of £34 17s. and £63 17s. 2d., the property of
<persName id="t19070722-name-28" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-28" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-28" type="surname" value="BUSH"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-28" type="given" value="FRANK"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-28" type="occupation" value="builder"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-5-offence-1 t19070722-name-28"/>Frank Bush.</persName> </rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS KING</hi>. I received a complaint from Frank Bush, builder, of 8, Ridgmount Street, Bedford Square, that several letters had been taken from his letter-box, particularly one containing two cheques. I went to the L. and C. Bank in Covent Garden; while I was there prisoner was brought in. He knew me. Directly he saw me, he said, "I have been to Hunter Street Police Station to explain about the cheque that I tried to cash here" (the cheque for £34 17s.); "I had it given to me by Murray and his mob to have it changed; Murray has been living at 26, Argyle Street, but he has cleared out now, and I don't know where he is." The bank cashier said, "This is the man who came in with the cheque, and you ran away when you found that some
<lb/>thing was wrong"; prisoner at first denied this, but finally said, "Yes, I thought there was some-thing wrong with the cheque." I then arrested him. At the station, when charged, he said, "I went to Henrietta Street and presented the cheque, which I had given me by Murray; Murray and another man were waiting outside. When I got outside I told them to get their b——money themselves." On a later date he said to me, "There it something I think you ought to know. A gentleman said Just now in court that the endorsement on the cheque is a forgery. Of course it is. Murray did that. If you go to the first beerhouse in Stanhope Street, Euston Road, and see the lady behind the bar, the will perhaps remember Murray came in and asked her for a pen and ink and signed this cheque; I saw him do it." When this statement was read over to him he said, "I did not say I saw him do it; I left the beerhouse when they asked for the pen and ink."</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190707220008"/>
<p>To Prisoner. It is not true that you told me that you heard as Murray's place from one of the men that Frank had signed the cheque, that I asked you who Frank was, and that you said it was Murray. I am positive that you at first said that you saw Murray sign the cheque.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-29" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-29" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-29" type="surname" value="YOUNG"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-29" type="given" value="JESSE"/>JESSE YOUNG</persName> </hi>, secretary to Hibbord Brothers, Limited, 146, Vanx
<lb/>hall Walk. The cheques of my company are first signed by myself and Mr. Hibberd then sent to Mr. Frank Bush for his signature. On June 11 I drow two cheques; they were signed by me and Mr. Hibberd, and posted to Mr. Frank Bush on that night. The cheque (produced) (£34 17s.) is one. It was originally crossed, "Not nego
<lb/>tiable, and Co." That crossing has been obliterated.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-30" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-30" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-30" type="surname" value="PARKINSON"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-30" type="given" value="ANDREW"/>ANDREW PARKINSON</persName> </hi>, manager to Frank Bush. The cheque (pro
<lb/>duced) would have been received by me if delivered in ordinary course. I never received it.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. I leave the premises between eight and nine p.m. A letter arriving later I should have no opportunity of seeing till eight the following morning.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-31" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-31" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-31" type="surname" value="PARSONS"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-31" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR P. PARSONS</persName> </hi>, manager to Higgins and Griffiths, 4, Albion Street, Regent's Park. The cheque for £34 17s., payable to Higgine and Griffiths, is endorsed in that name; the writing is not that of any member of the firm.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-32" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-32" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-32" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-32" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER THOMPSON</persName> </hi>, cashier, L. and C. Bank, Covent Garden branch. I was at the oank on June 13 when prisoner presented this cheque for payment Instead of three signatures there were only two. I was about to make inquiries, when prisoner moved towards the door. I called out "Hi!"; he took no notice, and I called out again, louder; with that he went out hurriedly, leaving the cheque with us. On June 15 I saw prisoner again at the bank, with the detectives. Pri
<lb/>soner said, "You are not the man I gave the cheque to"; I said, "No, I am the one who called out to you to stop"; he said he did not hear me; I said, "Oh yes, you did, because I called twice; you heard me both times." When he presented the cheque he was in the bank altogether about half a minute. He walked quite straight; I do not think he was at all drunk.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. It was the way you went out that made me shout to you; you must have heard me.</p>
<p>Prisoner's statement before the magistrate: "Will you give me counsel to defend me at the trial? I could bring witnesses to prove that I was in bed at the time the letter was lost."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-33" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-33" type="surname" value="BOAL"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-33" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS BOAL</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath) said he had known Murray for six months. On the day in question he met Murray in Shaftesbury Avenue with another man, who Murray said was a member of the firm of Higgins and Griffiths. Murray asked prisoner to oblige his</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190707220009"/>
<p>friend by going to the bank and cashing this cheque; that the bank closed at two, and that he wanted the money, but had to wait to see a friend. This was on a Thursday, which is an early closing day in other lines, and prisoner believed the statement that the bank closed at two. He went to the bank with the cheque and placed it on the counter; he had been drinking at the time, and apparently poihed against a customer standing there, and on turning round to apologise saw Murray and his friend standing outside the bank. It struck him that there was something wrong, and he walked out; he did not run; he stayed outside the bank four or five minutes quarrelling with them about the matter. He did not hear the cashier call out. On June 14 he again saw Murray, when he told him that the cheque was a wrong 'un, and he at once went to the police and told them all he knew. He had no guilty intent whatever.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ELIZABETH BROAD</hi>, landlady at prisoner's lodgings, proved that on June 11 he was at home between five and six, and except for a few minutes did not go out again; he went to bed between 10 and 11, and went out about 10 the next morning.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-34" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-34" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-34" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER THOMPSON</persName> </hi>, recalled. When prisoner was at the counter presenting the cheque the doors of the bank were closed, and I should say he could not have seen anyone standing outside.</p>
<rs id="t19070722-5-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-5-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-5-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty of receiving the cheque, well knowing it to have knowing it to have been stolen.</rs> Prisoner confessed to having been convicted of felony, at February 3, 1903, at North London Sessions.</p>
<rs id="t19070722-5-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-5-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-5-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-5-19070722 t19070722-5-punishment-4"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COMMON SERJEANT</hi>. (Monday, July 22.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070722-6">
<interp inst="t19070722-6" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070722"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-6" type="date" value="19070722"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070722-6-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-6-19070722 t19070722-6-offence-1 t19070722-6-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-6-19070722" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-6-19070722" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19070722" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19070722" type="surname" value="SULLIVAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19070722" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19070722" type="occupation" value="polisher"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SULLIVAN</hi>, George (30, polisher)</persName>
<rs id="t19070722-6-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-6-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-6-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, pleaded guilty to possessing counterfeit coin, and confessed to a previous conviction on April 27, 1903, at this court for feloniously uttering.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Sands prosecuted.</p>
<p>Prisoner went into the "Crown Hotel" at Charing Cross and tendered a bad florin. The coin was at once detected and prisoner then paid for his drink in good money, but the proprietor sent for the police. Three counterfeit florins were found in prisoner's possession. There is a long record of convictions against him going back to 1899.</p>
<rs id="t19070722-6-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-6-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-6-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-6-19070722 t19070722-6-punishment-5"/>Four years' penal servitude</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070722-7">
<interp inst="t19070722-7" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070722"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-7" type="date" value="19070722"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070722-7-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-7-19070722 t19070722-7-offence-1 t19070722-7-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070722-7-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-7-19070722 t19070722-7-offence-1 t19070722-7-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-7-19070722" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-7-19070722" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19070722" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19070722" type="surname" value="ANDERSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19070722" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19070722" type="occupation" value="hawker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANDERSON</hi>, Charles (37, hawker)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-7-19070722" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-7-19070722" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-7-19070722" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def2-7-19070722" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="def2-7-19070722" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def2-7-19070722" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILSON</hi>, James (33, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19070722-7-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-7-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-7-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, both feloniously possessing, without lawful authority, one mould on which was made and impressed the figure of the sides of a florin; both possessing counterfeit coin with intent to utter the same.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SAMUEL LEE</hi>, H Division. On the night of June 12 I was with two other officers in Charles Street, Mile End Old Town, a</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190707220010"/>
<p>few minutes after 10, and saw both prisoners cross the Commercial Road towards us. I stopped them, and told Anderson we were de
<lb/>tective officers and had reason to believe he had counterfeit coin upon him. Ho said, "All right." I then took Anderson to Arbour Square Police Station. Wilson was taken by another officer. In the charge-room Anderson put his hand into his jacket pocket and took out the mould produced, remarking, "This is what you want." Wilson was in another room. I searched Anderson and found on him two counterfeit florins dated 1901. He also had in his possession 2s. 6 1/2 d. in good money, four keys, one cake of blacking, and two pieces of camphor.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM BROGDEN</hi>, H Division. I was with the last wit
<lb/>ness at night on the 12th of this month and arrested Wilson. I told him I suspected him of having counterfeit coin in his possession. He said, "You have made a mistake, Mr. Brogden." Thereupon he put his hand into the right-hand pocket of his trousers, but I stopped him from taking anything out. At the police station I found in his right-hand trousers pocket a counterfeit florin dated 1901. I also found in his coat pockets a file, a coil of copper wire, a quantity of spelter, some emery paper, and a saucepan. Embedded in the spelter were some counterfeit coins which, having been spoiled, were being melted up again. A quantity of antimony was also found, and sixpence in bronze. He said that a man of the name of Worley had given the things to him. He was formally charged with possessing counterfeit coin and implements for making it, and made no reply.</p>
<p>To Wilson. There was no third person with prisoners when they were arrested.</p>
<p>To the Court. Prisoners were apparently about to jump on to a bus when they were stopped.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HENRY DESSENT</hi>, H Division. I was present when the prisoners were arrested and afterwards at the police station when they were searched. The whole of the materials found on Wilson were placed on the table, and pointing to them he said, "I do not know what that stuff is. A man named Worley, living off the Commer
<lb/>cial Road gave it to me. He asked us to go to his place and he would show us how to make money." Prisoners, when asked for their address, gave an address at a Rowton lodging house.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Wilson said he did not remember exactly the address of the man who gave him the things, but it was a turning off the Commercial Road, and the man in question asked him in and gave him some fish and some tea.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-38" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-38" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-38" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-38" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>, Inspector of Counterfeit Coins, H.M. Mint. The mould produced is a single mould for making florins. The three florins produced are counterfeit and all come from that mould. The other articles besides the mould form part of the stock-in-trade of coiners, the file, copper wire, antimony, and spelter, which contains the remains of a florin. The antimony is used for hardening the alloy and the copper wire for eleotroplating. The file has metal in its teeth.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190707220011"/>
<p>I attach no importance to the piece of glass. The sancepan has been used for melting metal.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILSON</hi>, in his defence (not on oath), persisted in the statement that the coining paraphernalia had been given him by a man unknown.</p>
<p>A juror wished to ask if either of the prisoners had met this man before, but the learned Common Serjeant said they could not ask tit prisoners questions.</p>
<p>Verdict, both prisoners,
<rs id="t19070722-7-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-7-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-7-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty.</rs> No police information was forth
<lb/>coming about Anderson. Wilson, during a period of 14 years, has been many times convicted of various offences, including coining. Wilson appealed to the Court for leniency on the ground that he had an aged mother.</p>
<p>Sentence: Anderson,
<rs id="t19070722-7-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-7-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-7-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-7-19070722 t19070722-7-punishment-6"/>18 calendar months' hard labour</rs>; Wilson,
<rs id="t19070722-7-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-7-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-7-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-7-19070722 t19070722-7-punishment-7"/>five years' penal servitude.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070722-8">
<interp inst="t19070722-8" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070722"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-8" type="date" value="19070722"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070722-8-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-8-19070722 t19070722-8-offence-1 t19070722-8-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-8-19070722" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-8-19070722" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19070722" type="age" value="60"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19070722" type="surname" value="MOSS"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19070722" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19070722" type="occupation" value="tailor"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MOSS</hi>, Robert (60, tailor)</persName>
<rs id="t19070722-8-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-8-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-8-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>; feloniously uttering counterfeit coin, well knowing the same to be counterfeit.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Sands prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-40" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-40" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-40" type="surname" value="HEAD"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-40" type="given" value="AMY"/>AMY HEAD</persName> </hi>, barmaid, employed at the "Carpenters' Arms," King's Cross Road. On June 29 prisoner came into the saloon bar at a quarter past eight in the evening, just before lighting up time, and asked for a "pony" of bitter, the price of which is 1 1/2 d. I served him and he placed a coin very gently down on the counter so that it did not ring. When I looked at it I had been idea that it was a bad one and I broke it in the tester. I recognise the fragments produced as the two halves of the shilling I broke. I then called Mr. Goodchild who placed tne broken coin in front of the prisoner, who then pulled cut a good sixpence with which he paid for the drink, and I gave him change. He stopped for a minute or two to drink his beer, and then went away.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-41" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-41" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-41" type="surname" value="GOODCHILD"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-41" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH GOODCHILD</persName> </hi>, licensee of the Carpenters' Arms, spoke to. handing the shilling to prisoner, with the remark "This is a bad one." Prisoner produced a good sixpence and subsequently remarked with, regard to the two pieces, "This is a bad one." Witness then went out of the house and communicated with Constable James Butt, and pointed out prisoner to him as he left the house.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES BUTT</hi>, G Division. Mr. Goodchild pointed prisoner out to me. I followed him up Frederick Street and he came bark ir the direction of King's Cross Road and went up Wharton Street. He turned again, but before he got to the top of the street a man signalled to him by holding his hand up. I had then been following him from eight to 10 minutes. I had him in sight the whole time. The two men spoke to each other. I went towards them, and the man who had signalled started to run away in the King's Cross Road, down a sort of terrace with some steps. Having hoded this second man (who was discharged by the magistrate) over to a constable, I gave chase to prisoner and caught him about half mile away in Wilson Street, Gray's Inn Road. He was never out of my sight. When I caught him he said, "What do you want with:</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190707220012"/>
<p>me if I am not drunk?" I told him I was a police officer and should arrest him for passing a counterfeit shilling at the "Carpenters' Arms." He said, "I have not been into the 'Carpenters' Arms' and have passed no shilling." I took him to the police station, where he was searched. I found in his left-hand ticket pocket a number of coppers, and amongst them the pieces of the broken counterfeit shilling. In his right inside jacket pocket I found a number of other coppers, the total copper money he had on him amounting to 2s. 7 1/2 d. In the left-hand breast pocket I found four good sixpences. In all he had on him 35 coins in bronze. In answer to the charge he said, "It is a lie. I have not passed any counterfeit shilling." He gave his address as at Rowton House, Newington Butts.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-42" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-42" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-42" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-42" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>, Inspector of Counterfeit Coins, H.M. Mint, said that the two fragments of the counterfeit shilling were a pretty fair specimen of counterfeit money, but he had seen better.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PRISONER</hi> (not on oath) said be received the counterfeit shilling in change for half a crown.</p>
<rs id="t19070722-8-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-8-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-8-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>. Prisoner confessed to a conviction at Chester Assizes on March 7, 1903, in the name of
<persName id="t19070722-name-43">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-43" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<rs id="t19070722-alias-2" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-name-43 t19070722-alias-2"/>Robert Nelson</rs> </persName>, of uttering counterfeit coin.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROBERT ATKINSON</hi>, Hyde Borough Police, Cheshile, proved the conviction and stated that prisoner had also been convicted of coinage offences at Stafford, Liverpool, York, and Chester. There were also fourteen other convictions as a suspected person and for stealing purses.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES BUTT</hi> (recalled) stated that the address given by prisoner at Rowton Houses proved to be false. He has been "out" about three months.</p>
<rs id="t19070722-8-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-8-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-8-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-8-19070722 t19070722-8-punishment-8"/>Five years' penal servitude</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070722-9">
<interp inst="t19070722-9" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070722"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-9" type="date" value="19070722"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070722-9-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-19070722 t19070722-9-offence-1 t19070722-9-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-9-19070722" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-9-19070722" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19070722" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19070722" type="surname" value="QUINN"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19070722" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19070722" type="occupation" value="machinist"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">QUINN</hi>, Harry (21, machinist)</persName>
<rs id="t19070722-9-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-9-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-9-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19070722-9-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-9-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-9-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, to stealing a bicycle the property of
<persName id="t19070722-name-45" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-45" type="surname" value="FISK"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-45" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-9-offence-1 t19070722-name-45"/>Charles Fisk</persName>, and confessed to a previous con
<lb/>viction for felony on April 30, 1906.</rs> Sentence,
<rs id="t19070722-9-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-9-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-9-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-19070722 t19070722-9-punishment-9"/>18 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19070722-10" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070722"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-10" type="date" value="19070722"/>
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<persName id="def1-10-19070722" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-10-19070722" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19070722" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19070722" type="surname" value="DENNIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19070722" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19070722" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DENNIS</hi>, George (28, labourer),</persName>
<rs id="t19070722-10-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-10-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-10-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19070722-10-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-10-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-10-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>to feloniously forging certain receipts for money, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. G. A. Blackwell prosecuted.</p>
<p>Prisoner, it was stated, deserted from the Army in August of last year and went to live with his brother, the prosecutor in this case, until the time of his arrest, when he declined to keep him any longer. In the temporary absence of the brother prisoner on two occasions took his book to the National Penny Bank, forged his brother's signature, and obtained money. As the name of the depositor is not disclosed on the book, as is the case with the Post Office Savings Bank, in order to get the money he had to say that he was Thomas Dennis, and of course he must have known all about his brother's circumstances.</p>
<rs id="t19070722-10-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-10-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-10-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-19070722 t19070722-10-punishment-10"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>.</p>
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<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE MR</hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUSTICE DARLING</hi>.</p>
<p>(Tuesday, July 23.)</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19070722-11" type="date" value="19070722"/>
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<persName id="def1-11-19070722" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-11-19070722" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19070722" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19070722" type="surname" value="CLARKE"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19070722" type="given" value="JOHN FREDERICK"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19070722" type="occupation" value="carman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CLARKE</hi>, John Frederick (32, carman)</persName>
<rs id="t19070722-11-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-11-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-11-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>. Feloniously Wounding
<persName id="t19070722-name-48" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-48" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-48" type="age" value="baby"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-48" type="surname" value="CLARKE"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-48" type="given" value="FLORENCE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-11-offence-1 t19070722-name-48"/>Florence Clarke</persName> with intent to murder her or to do her grevious bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Pickersgill, M.P., prosecuted. Mr. Eustace Fulton (at the request of the Court) defended.</p>
<p>Mrs. Franks. On May 23, I was living at 1, Ellenborough Road, Holloway. I occupied the top floor. Prisoner, his wife, and three children occupied the first floor. In the early morning of the 23rd, I heard Mrs. Clarke calling me by name to come to her assistance, as to husband had cut his throat. I ran downstairs. I met Mrs. Clarke with the baby (Florence) in her arms. She also had a razor in her hands. On going into their bedroom, I saw prisoner lying face tarawards on the bed. I turned him over and saw a large wound in his throat. I bandaged it with a towel, and then fetched a doctor and the pilice. I had not noticed that the baby was wounded.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner and his family have lived with me for two and a half years. He was always kind to his' wife and children. He was a teetotaler.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM COOMBES</hi> 498 E, said he was called to the house, and had prisoner and the child Florence conveyed to the hospital.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">F. C. DOBELL</hi>, House Surgeon at the Great Northern Central Hospital, described the condition of the prisoner and his daughter on their arrival at the hospital. Florence had only two superficial wounds, not at all serious, hardly requiring dressing. Prisoner had a very deep cut in the throat, the windpipe was partly severed. They were my dangerous wounds.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I should say from the appearance of the wounds. or the child that there had not been any deliberate or prolonged it attempt to cut her throat. Very slight force could have been used.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-49" type="surname" value="BRISCOLL"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-49" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES BRISCOLL</persName> </hi>, another house surgeon at the same hospital. Prisoner was under my care from May 23 to June 19. He seemed quite sound in his mind. He did not seem, particulary, in a nervous condition. He was quiet, and well behaved.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SYDNEY KENDALL</hi>. On June 19, I went to the hospital and saw prisoner. I said to him, "I am a police-officer. I am going to arrest you for attempting to murder your daughter Florence, aged three, and for attempting to commit suicide, on May 23, "He said, "Yes. I do not know what made me do it. My mind was upset. I ran over a little boy about nine weeks ago, and it has been playing on my mind ever since. The day before I did it, Mr. Watts spoke to me about my accounts. I do not remember much what I did. The razor it mine," On the charge being read over to him he made no reply.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190707220014"/>
<p>Cross-examined. From inquiries I have made, prisoner is a respec
<lb/>table sober man. He was ten or twelve years in one employment. He has treated his wife and children in every way well. His statement about having run over a child is true, and there is no doubt it upset him very much. The parents of the child have been writing to his employers, and that preyed on his mind.</p>
<rs id="t19070722-11-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-11-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-11-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>guilty of unlawfully wounding.</rs> A further indictment
<rs id="t19070722-11-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-11-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-11-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>for attempting to commit suicide</rs> was not proceeded with.</p>
<p>Dr. Scott, of Brizton Prison (called by the Judge). I have had prisoner under observation since June 19. He is in a nervous and depressed condition. He cannot he said to be insane. It would be better for his health to be out of prison rather than in it.</p>
<rs id="t19070722-11-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-11-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-11-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-19070722 t19070722-11-punishment-11"/>Prisoner, having assured Mr. Justice Darling that he would be well behaved in the future, and would not attempt to commit suicide, was released on his own recognisances in £10, to come up for judg
<lb/>ment if called upon.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19070722-12" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070722"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-12" type="date" value="19070722"/>
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<persName id="def1-12-19070722" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-12-19070722" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19070722" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19070722" type="surname" value="HOWE"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19070722" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19070722" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HOWE</hi>, Arthur (17, labourer)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t19070722-12-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-12-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="damage"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-12-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="arson"/> for unlawfully, maliciously, and feloniously setting fire to a factory.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Lathom prosecuted. Mr. W. H. Thorne (at the request of the Court) defended.</p>
<p>A Jury was sworn to try whether or not prisoner was of unsound mind.</p>
<p>Dr. Scott, of Brixton Prison. I have had prisoner under observation since June 17. I consider him quite imbecile. I do not think he understands the charge brought against him, or that he can give instructions for his defence.</p>
<p>Verdict. Prisoner is not of sound mind and understanding, and is
<rs id="t19070722-12-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-12-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="miscVerdict"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-12-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="unfitToPlead"/>unfit to plead</rs>.
<rs id="t19070722-12-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-12-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-12-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="insanity"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-19070722 t19070722-12-punishment-12"/>Ordered to be detained during His Majesty's pleasure</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19070722-13" type="date" value="19070722"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070722-13-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-19070722 t19070722-13-offence-2 t19070722-13-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-13-19070722" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-13-19070722" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19070722" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19070722" type="surname" value="COLLINGS"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19070722" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19070722" type="occupation" value="cabman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COLLINGS</hi>, George (22, cabman)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t19070722-13-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-13-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-13-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/> for commiting an abominable crime.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. H. du Parcq prosecuted.</p>
<rs id="t19070722-13-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-13-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="miscVerdict"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-13-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noAgreement"/>The Jury disagreed.</rs> </p>
<p>On Friday, July 26, the accused was
<rs id="t19070722-13-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-13-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-13-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>again indicted</rs>, before the Common Serjeant. The prosecution offered no evidence, and a verdict of
<rs id="t19070722-13-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-13-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-13-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>Not guilty</rs> was returned.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19070722-14" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070722"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-14" type="date" value="19070722"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070722-14-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-19070722 t19070722-14-offence-1 t19070722-14-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070722-14-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-19070722 t19070722-14-offence-2 t19070722-14-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-14-19070722" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-14-19070722" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19070722" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19070722" type="surname" value="ARCHER"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19070722" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19070722" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARCHER</hi>, Arthur (29, labourer)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t19070722-14-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-14-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-14-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/> for, and charged on Coroner's inquisition with the manslaughter of
<persName id="t19070722-name-53" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-53" type="surname" value="HOOLAN"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-53" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-14-offence-1 t19070722-name-53"/>John Hoolan, otherwise
<rs id="t19070722-alias-3" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-name-53 t19070722-alias-3"/>John Grande</rs>, otherwise
<rs id="t19070722-alias-4" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-name-53 t19070722-alias-4"/>John Diver</rs> </persName>.</rs>
<rs id="t19070722-14-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-14-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-14-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>Indicted also unlawfully assault
<lb/>ing John Hoolan and occasioning him actual bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. G. L. Hardy prosecuted. Mr. Merlin defended.</p>
<p>A fight took place between prisoner and Hoolan outside a public house, and Hoolan subsequently died. The post-mortem examination showed that he was suffering from a diseased spleen and liver, and the medical evidence on the depositions was to the effect that any over-exertion would have caused his death. The opinion of the doctors</p>
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<p>was that death resulted, not from the blows given by prisoner, but from rupture due to over-exertion in the fight. In these circumstances the prosecution offered no evidence (a course approved by Mr. Justice Dirling) and a verdict was returned of
<rs id="t19070722-14-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-14-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-14-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>Not guilty on each indictment.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19070722-15" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070722"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-15" type="date" value="19070722"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070722-15-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19070722 t19070722-15-offence-1 t19070722-15-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-15-19070722" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-15-19070722" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19070722" type="age" value="50"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19070722" type="surname" value="ARNOLD"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19070722" type="given" value="FREDERICK CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19070722" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARNOLD</hi>, Frederick Charles (50, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19070722-15-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-15-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-15-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>, carnally knowing
<persName id="t19070722-name-55" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-55" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-55" type="age" value="under 13"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-55" type="surname" value="ARNOLD"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-55" type="given" value="MINNIE ELIZABETH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-15-offence-1 t19070722-name-55"/>Minnie Elizabeth Arnold</persName>, his daughter, a girl under the age of 13 years.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Clarke Hall prosecuted.</p>
<rs id="t19070722-15-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-15-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-15-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>guilty</rs>. Sentence,
<rs id="t19070722-15-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-15-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-15-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19070722 t19070722-15-punishment-13"/>ten years' penal servitude</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19070722-16" type="date" value="19070722"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070722-16-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-19070722 t19070722-16-offence-1 t19070722-16-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-16-19070722" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-16-19070722" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19070722" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19070722" type="surname" value="BELVAL"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19070722" type="given" value="ALPHONSE"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19070722" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BELVAL</hi>, Alphonse (19, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19070722-16-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-16-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-16-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>. Feloniously attempting to kill and murder
<persName id="t19070722-name-57" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-57" type="surname" value="JOHANDAL"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-57" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-57" type="occupation" value="waiter"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-16-offence-1 t19070722-name-57"/>John Johandal</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. W. W. Grantham prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-58" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-58" type="surname" value="JOHANDEL"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-58" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN JOHANDEL</persName> </hi>, waiter. On May 30, I was sharing with prisoner a bedroom at 43, Whitfield Street, Tottenham Court Road. At 5.30 in the morning I was wakened by the prisoner, who had hold of me by the throat. I tried to call for assistance, but could not. Presently My landlord came and pulled him off me. I was bleeding from a wound in the head. In the room there was some of my clothing packed in a bag ready to take away. I myself had not packed it. I had never seen prisoner before May 28. I had never spoken to him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">EDWIN ARNOLD</hi>, 153 D. On the morning in question I went to 43, Whitfield Street, and saw prisoner being held by the landlord. The latter said, "This man has tried to kill Mr. Johandel by striking him on the head with' a iron bar, and also tried to strangle him by taking hold of his throat." Prisoner made no remark. Prosecutor had a large cut over the right temple, and was bleeding freely. I arrested prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-59" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-59" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-59" type="surname" value="ROSE"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-59" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS ROSE</persName> </hi>, Divisional Surgeon, deposed to examining prosecutor immediately after the occurrence. Prosecutor had a wound one and a half inches long above the right temple, extending down to the bone. The injuries may have been inflicted with the bar produced. There were marks and scratches on his throat consistent with prisoner having tried to strangle him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HAYNES</hi>. On the charge being read over to prisoner, he said, "How is the man I struck with the rod of iron? I should like to tell you how it occurred. I woke up at 5 a.m. I was hard up. I packed up his things and meant stealing them. He turned over in his bed, and I thought he would wake up and see me. I then struck him on the head with the iron bar. He made a noise with his throat, and I seized hold of him to keep him quiet. The landlord then came running into me room and pulled me away. He was a stranger, and I have never spoken to him." Prisoner was quite sober. I believe he is an abstainer.</p>
<p>Prisoner, called upon, said that he had no defence, and had nothing to say. He called no witnesses.</p>
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<rs id="t19070722-16-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
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<interp inst="t19070722-16-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>guilty of wounding with intent to cause grievous bodily harm.</rs> Prisoner confessed to having been convicted, at Marlborough Street Police Court, on February 28 last, of felony. There was also a conviction against him in 1906. He is a French subject, who has been in this country nearly four years. Though he gives his age as 19, the police think he is 22 or 23.</p>
<p>Mr. Justice Darling (to prisoner). Why are you over here. Why do not you live in France?—A. I cannot live there. Q. Why?—A. That in my business. Q. You had better tell me?—A. I have got nothing to say. Q. Have you done your military service?—A. No.</p>
<p>Mr. Justice Darling. Now I know why you are here.</p>
<rs id="t19070722-16-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-16-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-16-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-19070722 t19070722-16-punishment-14"/>18 months' hard labour</rs>.
<rs id="t19070722-16-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-16-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-16-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-19070722 t19070722-16-punishment-15"/>Certified for expulsion under the Aliens Act.</rs> </p>
<p>(Wednesday, July 24).</p>
<p>Mr. Justice Darling. I wish to put on record my reasons for an order I made yesterday, and because there is an official shorthand writer in this court I prefer to do it publicly, so that the record be preserved, rather than to write, as I might do, to the Home Office, stating what my reasons are. Yesterday, the prisoner Alphonse Belval was convicted before me of a very serious assault. He was indicted for wounding with intent to murder. He pleaded guilty to wounding with intent to do grievous bodily harm, and he did do very grievous bodily harm to an absolutely inoffensive person, who was asleep at the time the assault was committed upon him. Alpbonse Belval was a French subject. He was put down in the Calendar as being 19 years of age, but from his appearance I am satisfied that he wan several years older, and a detective who came into the witness box to prove previous convictions against him said that he had known him for some years, and that when he was charged upon other occasions, he had always given his age as 19. He has been twice convicted, and each time sentenced to three years' imprisonment, for stealing, and on this occasion he was going to rob a man named John Johandal. He tied some of his clothes up in a bundle ready for removal in order that he might rob him, and it was only because the man, as he himself said, showed some signs of waking up, in conse
<lb/>quence of prisoner's conduct, that he committed this grievous bodily harm. In this case I sentenced him to 18 months' hard labour, and I made a recommendation that he should, at the end of that time, be expelled from this country. It is the reason for this recommendation that I desire to state. I am told that in these matters the recommen
<lb/>dation is considered at the Home Office, not immediately the prisoner is sentenced, but before the expiration of his sentence, and it may very well be that in about a year's time the courts of law may have to consider in revising sentences (which they will have to do in some cases if a Bill which is now before Parliament becomes an Act of Parliament*), the reasons of making orders of expulsion. It is partly</p>
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<p>for that reason that I desire to state publicly what are my views. If this person had been an English subject, and really 19, or about 19 years of age, I should have sentenced him to a long term of im
<lb/>prisonment, or penal servitude, with an order that he should be treated according to the Borstal system, which is designed for the reformation of such people. But the people who have invented the Borstal system recommend that it be not applied to prisoners except those who are somewhat young—in the words that they have adopted I think they call them "juvenile adults," or some such term as that—and this particular person was, I think, too old for the application to him of the Borstal system, although, if it were true that he was only 19 he would have been a proper person for it. Seeing what his age was, and the time that he had been here, I knew very well that he could not have performed his military service in France to which he is liable as a French subject. If the recommendation that I made is acted upon he will not have received in this country what, to my mind, is a sufficient punishment for the offence he committed, by the punishment of 18 months' imprisonment, unless it be followed by some discipline such as the Borstal system would be, or such discipline as he would get if he returned to France. If, on the other hand, he it left in this country until the time when he is liable to serve has expired, it would never be safe for him to return to France, because he would be imme
<lb/>diately punished, probably very severely, for not having undergone the military service. He is at present of an age when he could perform his military service, and to my mind that would be a discipline valuable for him, just as, if he were an English subject, I think the Borstal system would be serviceable. Those are my reasons for recommending that an order should be made for him to leave this country, so that he can then serve his own country. The alternative to this recommen
<lb/>dation would have been that I could have sentenced him to a very long term of penal servitude, or imprisonment, or recommended that the Borstal system should be applied to him if he was of that age. I desire to place these reasons on record for the attention of the authorities.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE RECORDER</hi>.</p>
<p>(Tuesday, July 23.)</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19070722-17" type="date" value="19070722"/>
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<interp inst="def1-17-19070722" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19070722" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19070722" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19070722" type="occupation" value="coachman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SMITH</hi>. John, alias
<rs id="t19070722-alias-5" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-19070722 t19070722-alias-5"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MILLER</hi> </rs>(28, coachman),</persName>
<rs id="t19070722-17-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-17-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-17-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19070722-17-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-17-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-17-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/> to stealing 13 post letters, the property of the
<persName id="t19070722-name-61" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-61" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-17-offence-1 t19070722-name-61"/>Postmaster-General</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Forster Boulton, M.P., prosecuted.</p>
<p>On the night of June 18, Lady Watts, living on the Chelsea Em
<lb/>bankment, gave a letter with certain enclosure to a footman to post. The night porter at the Chelsea Court Flats took a number of letters, amongst them the letter written by another lady's cook, to the pillar
<lb/>box on the Embankment, and as he approached prisoner walked</p>
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<p>away. Being a little suspicious, he watched, and saw prisoner en
<lb/>gaged in the occupation known as "fishing" for letters. A police
<lb/>man was communicated with, and six letters were given up by prisoner. At the station seven more letters were found, including those posted by Lady Watts's footman and the night porter. None of the stamps had been obliterated. Stamps were also found on prisoner which had the appearance of having been taken off a postal packet, together with a stick with a piece of string attached, and a tin of some sticky material. Nothing was previously known against prisoner.</p>
<rs id="t19070722-17-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-17-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-17-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-19070722 t19070722-17-punishment-16"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-18-19070722" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19070722" type="surname" value="NEVILLE"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19070722" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19070722" type="occupation" value="baker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEVILLE</hi>, George (36, baker)</persName>
<rs id="t19070722-18-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-18-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-18-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19070722-18-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-18-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-18-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, to robbery from
<persName id="t19070722-name-63" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-63" type="surname" value="ORTON"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-63" type="given" value="WILLIAM AMOR"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-18-offence-1 t19070722-name-63"/>William Amor Orton</persName> and stealing a part of a watch chain and one pencil case from his person.</rs> Prisoner also confessed to a conviction for possessing housebreaking instruments. Three other previous con
<lb/>victions were proved; prisoner was only released in April of this year. He has still one year and 174 days to serve in respect of a sentence of four years' penal servitude.</p>
<rs id="t19070722-18-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-18-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-18-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-19070722 t19070722-18-punishment-17"/>18 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19070722-19" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070722"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-19" type="date" value="19070722"/>
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<persName id="def1-19-19070722" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-19-19070722" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19070722" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19070722" type="surname" value="JACKSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19070722" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19070722" type="occupation" value="hairdresser"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JACKSON</hi>, Herbert (34, hairdresser)</persName>
<rs id="t19070722-19-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-19-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-19-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>; stealing 855 postal orders for the payment of £433 0s. 5d., the property of the
<persName id="t19070722-name-65" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-65" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-19-offence-1 t19070722-name-65"/>Postmaster-General</persName>; feloniously forging and uttering two postal orders for the payment of £1 and 17s. respectively, with intent to defraud.</rs>
<rs id="t19070722-19-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-19-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-19-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/> Prisoner pleaded guilty to the forging and uttering, but denied that he stole the postal orders.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Forster Boulton, M.P., prosecuted.</p>
<p>The orders were stolen from the Upper Baker Street Post Office on the evening of March 14 by a man not identified, who sprang upon the counter while the assistant's back was turned and made off with all Ihe postal orders then upon the counter. All the Post Offices in the London District were at once notified, and in the afternoon of June 22 prisoner entered the office in High Street, Peckham, and presented a postal order for 17s. While the lady in charge was ex
<lb/>amining the order prisoner ran out of the office, but was secured in the street. At the Peckham Police Station he threw into the grate a bundle containing 70 of the stolen orders. As to the orders, he said he did not steal them, but found them one night near a cab rank in Maida, Vale a day or two after he had read in the papers of their being lost. He stated also that he had cashed all that had been cashed, and that no one else had had anything to do with it. In a purse dropped by prisoner was found a cloak-room ticket for Leaves
<lb/>den Station, and there a parcel containing 521 of the stolen notes was discovered. The method of altering the numbers adopted by prisoner was to cut off the first two figures of the number of one of the notes of smaller denomination and paste them over the corre
<lb/>sponding figures of a more valuable order, and unless the notes were held up to the light the alteration could hardly be detected. The</p>
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<p>office stamp was forged by means of carbon paper, and 91 orders were cashed in respect of which prisoner obtained over £71. The date stamp in the first place excited the assistant's suspicions, and there being also a certain sequence in the numbers a moment's investigation would reveal that the numbers were not as they should be. 693 of the orders have been accounted for.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">TOMLINE</hi> said prisoner was a hair mixer, and had a very nice home at Willesden. He had been employed by a firm of hair
<lb/>dressers in Regent Street and afterwards at Harrod's Stores, and had a good character at both places. In 1906 he left to start in business for himself. He was a sergeant of the 5th Middlesex Volunteers, and had a very good character there until about nine months ago, when it was seen he got mixed up with disreputable people.</p>
<p>The Recorder described this as a highly developed crime, and ex
<lb/>pressed doubt whether prisoner actually committed the robbery.</p>
<rs id="t19070722-19-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-19-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-19-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-19-19070722 t19070722-19-punishment-18"/>12 months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19070722-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070722"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-20" type="date" value="19070722"/>
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<persName id="def1-20-19070722" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-20-19070722" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19070722" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19070722" type="surname" value="HOLDEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19070722" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19070722" type="occupation" value="shoemaker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HOLDEN</hi>. William (27, shoemaker)</persName>
<rs id="t19070722-20-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-20-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-20-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19070722-20-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-20-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-20-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, to stealing the sums of 5s. 6d., 4s. 4d. and 3s. 10d., the moneys of the Gas Light and Coke Company.</rs> Several previous convictions for similar offences were proved. Sentence,
<rs id="t19070722-20-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-20-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-20-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-19070722 t19070722-20-punishment-19"/>18 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19070722-21" type="date" value="19070722"/>
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<interp inst="def1-21-19070722" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19070722" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19070722" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19070722" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19070722" type="occupation" value="coster"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BROWN</hi>, Henry (27, coster)</persName>
<rs id="t19070722-21-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-21-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-21-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, indicted for robbery with violence on
<persName id="t19070722-name-68" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-68" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-68" type="surname" value="HUDD"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-68" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-21-offence-1 t19070722-name-68"/>Thomas Hudd</persName>, and stealing from him a gold watch,</rs>
<rs id="t19070722-21-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-21-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-21-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>pleaded guilty to stealing only</rs>. Several previous convictions were proved. Sentence,
<rs id="t19070722-21-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-21-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-21-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-19070722 t19070722-21-punishment-20"/>18 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19070722-22" type="date" value="19070722"/>
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<interp inst="def1-22-19070722" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19070722" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19070722" type="surname" value="ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19070722" type="given" value="CLAUDE"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19070722" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALLEN</hi>, Claude (33, clerk)</persName>
<rs id="t19070722-22-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-22-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-22-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19070722-22-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-22-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-22-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, to obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t19070722-name-70" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-70" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-70" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-22-offence-1 t19070722-name-70"/>George Evans</persName> 300 cigars, with intent to defraud; uttering a banker's cheque for the payment of £3 12s. 8 1/2 d., knowing the same to be forged, with intent to defraud; stealing a cheque book, containing 20 blank cheques, the property of
<persName id="t19070722-name-71" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-71" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-71" type="surname" value="MCCARTHY"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-71" type="given" value="AGNES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-22-offence-1 t19070722-name-71"/>Agnes McCarthy</persName>; obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t19070722-name-72" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-72" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-72" type="surname" value="BURLEIGH"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-72" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-22-offence-1 t19070722-name-72"/>Thomas Burleigh</persName> 2 photo frames, with intent to defraud; obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t19070722-name-73" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-73" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-73" type="surname" value="KERRY"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-73" type="given" value="WILLIAM ALDOUS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-22-offence-1 t19070722-name-73"/>William Aldous Kerry</persName>, the sum of £5, with intent to defraud. He also confessed to a previous conviction.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. C. W. Kent and Mr. James Todd prosecuted; Mr. C. W. P. Overend defended.</p>
<p>The method of prisoner, who is a brother-in-law of Sir George Farrar, was to obtain goods by means of worthless cheques. He obtained a cheque-Book of the London and South-Western Bank, from the drawing-room of a house in Holland Road, Kensington, at which he had called to inquire after apartments. He had also a cheque book on the York City and County Bank, which had been missed from an overcoat at the Holborn Restaurant, and he also passed a cheque on Coutts's, taken from a cheque-book stolen from a bag containing Jewellery, at Paddington Station some years ago. Detective-sergeants Bedford and West stated that since prisoner's conviction in 1899 he had been known as the associate of a gang of very clever West End</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190707220020"/>
<p>thieves. Numbers of tradesmen have been defrauded. According to the statement of Mr. Overend for the defence, prisoner, after his release, went out to his sister who is in South Africa with her husband, Sir George Farrar. There, owing to her influence, he obtained the position of assistant secretary to a gold mining company in Rhodesia, and afterwards an appointment as secretary of a cold storage company in Delagoa Bay. Contracting malaria, he was obliged to give up his appointment. When he was well enough, his sister paid his expenses home again, and until the latter part of last year had made him an allowance of £3 a week. It was said by counsel, when this allowance was discontinued, that prisoner launched upon this dishonest career. His mother, a widow lady of independent means living in Paris, is willing, on his release, to send him to another country, and provide him with a chance of beginning his life over again.</p>
<rs id="t19070722-22-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-22-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-22-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-19070722 t19070722-22-punishment-21"/>18 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070722-23">
<interp inst="t19070722-23" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070722"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-23" type="date" value="19070722"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070722-23-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-19070722 t19070722-23-offence-1 t19070722-23-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070722-23-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-19070722 t19070722-23-offence-2 t19070722-23-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070722-23-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-23-19070722 t19070722-23-offence-2 t19070722-23-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070722-23-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-19070722 t19070722-23-offence-3 t19070722-23-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070722-23-charge-5" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-23-19070722 t19070722-23-offence-4 t19070722-23-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070722-23-charge-6" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-23-19070722 t19070722-23-offence-5 t19070722-23-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-23-19070722" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-23-19070722" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19070722" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19070722" type="surname" value="STEWART"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19070722" type="given" value="REGINALD PHILIP"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19070722" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">STEWART</hi>, Reginald Philip (19, clerk)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-23-19070722" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-23-19070722" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-23-19070722" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def2-23-19070722" type="surname" value="SANDERSON"/>
<interp inst="def2-23-19070722" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<interp inst="def2-23-19070722" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SANDERSON</hi>, Arthur (18, clerk)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-23-19070722" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-23-19070722" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-23-19070722" type="age" value="14"/>
<interp inst="def3-23-19070722" type="surname" value="AGUTTER"/>
<interp inst="def3-23-19070722" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def3-23-19070722" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">AGUTTER</hi>, William (14, labourer)</persName>; Stewart,
<rs id="t19070722-23-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-23-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-23-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>forg
<lb/>ing and altering certain authorities and securities for the payment of money, to wit, Post Office Savings Bank deposit books in the names of
<persName id="t19070722-name-77">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-77" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<rs id="t19070722-alias-6" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-name-77 t19070722-alias-6"/>Arthur Robinson</rs> </persName>,
<persName id="t19070722-name-78">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-78" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<rs id="t19070722-alias-7" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-name-78 t19070722-alias-7"/>William Canter</rs> </persName>, and
<persName id="t19070722-name-79">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-79" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<rs id="t19070722-alias-8" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-name-79 t19070722-alias-8"/>William Dorman</rs> </persName> respectively, in each case with intent to defraud;</rs> Stewart and Sanderson,
<rs id="t19070722-23-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-23-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-23-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>con
<lb/>spiring and agreeing together to obtain from
<persName id="t19070722-name-80" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-80" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-23-offence-2 t19070722-name-80"/>His Majesty's Post
<lb/>master-General</persName> divers sums of money, by virtue of certain forged and altered instruments, with, intent to defraud</rs>; Stewart,
<rs id="t19070722-23-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-23-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-23-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> forging and altering a certain authority for the payment of money, to wit, a Post Office Savings Bank deposit book, in the name of
<persName id="t19070722-name-81">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-81" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<rs id="t19070722-alias-9" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-name-81 t19070722-alias-9"/>Frank Ander
<lb/>son</rs> </persName>, with intent to defraud</rs>; Sanderson,
<rs id="t19070722-23-offence-4" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-23-offence-4" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-23-offence-4" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/> feloniously demanding and obtaining £1 by virtue of a certain forged and altered instrument, to wit, the said Post Office Savings Bank deposit book, knowing the same to be forged and altered, with intent to defraud</rs>; Agutter,
<rs id="t19070722-23-offence-5" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-23-offence-5" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-23-offence-5" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>de
<lb/>manding and obtaining £1 by virtue of a forged and altered Post Office Savings Bank deposit book in the name of
<persName id="t19070722-name-82">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-82" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<rs id="t19070722-alias-10" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-name-82 t19070722-alias-10"/>Charles Smith</rs> </persName>, de
<lb/>manding and attempting to obtain £1 on another book in the name of
<persName id="t19070722-name-83">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-83" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<rs id="t19070722-alias-11" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-name-83 t19070722-alias-11"/>Frank Lames</rs> </persName>, and another sum of £1 on a book in the name of
<persName id="t19070722-name-84">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-84" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<rs id="t19070722-alias-12" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-name-84 t19070722-alias-12"/>Frank James</rs> </persName>.</rs> The three prisoners
<rs id="t19070722-23-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-23-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-23-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> pleaded guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Mr. Forster Boulton, M.P., prosecuted; Mr. E. W. S. Cox-Sinclair appeared for Stewart and Sanderson; Mr. H. Bickmore for Agutter.</p>
<p>Counsel for the prosecution explained that this case arose out of the regulation of the Post Office by which a sum of money not ex
<lb/>ceeding £1 may be withdrawn on demand, all that is necessary for withdrawal being that the depositor shall produce his pass book and fill up a withdrawal order, the book being then sent up to the Post Office Savings Bank to have the entry made. Stewart, a clerk in the office, had four confederates, two of whom have already been proceeded against, and the system was this: One of the confederates would make a deposit of 1s. in the name of an imaginary depositor and so obtain possession of a Savings Bank book. On the book</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190707220021"/>
<p>coming to Stewart be would make false entries of farther deposits. Then the book, on being returned, would be taken by the confederate to another Post Office, where he was not known, and an order signed for the withdrawal of £1. These frauds commenced on March 8 of this year and went on till June 10. At Stewart's rooms, when arrested, materials for forging the office stamp were found, the dates being filled in with carbon, paper. The total amount obtained is £94 and the number of books manipulated is 110, showing, the Recorder remarked, a widely-spread conspiracy. The money so ob
<lb/>tained was said to have gone in betting.</p>
<p>Sentences: Stewart,
<rs id="t19070722-23-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-23-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-23-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-19070722 t19070722-23-punishment-22"/>18 months' hard labour</rs>; Sanderson,
<rs id="t19070722-23-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-23-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-23-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-23-19070722 t19070722-23-punishment-23"/> nine Months' </rs>imprisonment; Agutter,
<rs id="t19070722-23-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-23-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-23-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-23-19070722 t19070722-23-punishment-24"/>six months in the second division</rs>. The Recorder expressed the opinion that if the regulation as to the withdrawal of £1 on demand led to this sort of fraud the Postmaster General would have to reconsider it.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070722-24">
<interp inst="t19070722-24" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070722"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-24" type="date" value="19070722"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070722-24-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-24-19070722 t19070722-24-offence-1 t19070722-24-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-24-19070722" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-24-19070722" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19070722" type="surname" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19070722" type="given" value="WILLIAM ALFRED"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19070722" type="occupation" value="former bookmaker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS</hi>, William Alfred</persName>
<rs id="t19070722-24-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-24-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-24-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>(formerly a bookmaker),
<rs id="t19070722-24-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-24-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-24-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="libel"/> to maliciously publishing a series of false and defamatory libels of and concerning
<persName id="t19070722-name-86" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-86" type="surname" value="SUTTERS"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-86" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-24-offence-1 t19070722-name-86"/>James Sutters</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>The libels appeared on post cards, describing Sutters as the 'Prince of Welshes" and alleging that he owed prisoner money.
<rs id="t19070722-24-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-24-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-24-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-24-19070722 t19070722-24-punishment-25"/>Prisoner expressing contrition, he was released on his own recog
<lb/>nisances in the sum of £10 to come up for judgment when called upon.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070722-25">
<interp inst="t19070722-25" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070722"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-25" type="date" value="19070722"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070722-25-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-19070722 t19070722-25-offence-1 t19070722-25-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-25-19070722" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-25-19070722" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19070722" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19070722" type="surname" value="HEWETT"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19070722" type="given" value="PERCY"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19070722" type="occupation" value="waiter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HEWETT</hi>, Percy (19, waiter)</persName>
<rs id="t19070722-25-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-25-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-25-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19070722-25-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-25-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-25-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>,to burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t19070722-name-88" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-88" type="surname" value="FISHER"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-88" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-25-offence-1 t19070722-name-88"/>Walter Fisher</persName>, and stealing therein the sum. of 4d., the moneys of the
<persName id="t19070722-name-89" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-89" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-25-offence-1 t19070722-name-89"/> Norfolk Hotel</persName>, Limited, and certain property, to wit, a bankers cheque for the payment of £50, the property of, the
<persName id="t19070722-name-90" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-90" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-25-offence-1 t19070722-name-90"/> Shannon, Limited</persName>, and feloniously receiving same.</rs> He also con
<lb/>fessed to a previous to a previous conviction.</p>
<rs id="t19070722-25-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-25-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-25-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-19070722 t19070722-25-punishment-26"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070722-26">
<interp inst="t19070722-26" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070722"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-26" type="date" value="19070722"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070722-26-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-19070722 t19070722-26-offence-1 t19070722-26-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-26-19070722" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-26-19070722" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19070722" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19070722" type="surname" value="JENKINSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19070722" type="given" value="JOHN RUSSELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19070722" type="occupation" value="butcher"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JENKINSON</hi>, John Russell (18, butcher)</persName>
<rs id="t19070722-26-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-26-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-26-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19070722-26-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-26-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-26-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/>, to steal
<lb/>ing a pony, a van and harness the'property of
<persName id="t19070722-name-92" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-92" type="surname" value="WASTE"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-92" type="given" value="ISAAC"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-26-offence-1 t19070722-name-92"/>Isaac Waste</persName>; stealing a bicycle, the property of
<persName id="t19070722-name-93" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-93" type="surname" value="HULTON"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-93" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-26-offence-1 t19070722-name-93"/>Joseph Hulton</persName>.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19070722-26-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-26-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-26-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-19070722 t19070722-26-punishment-27"/>Three months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070722-27">
<interp inst="t19070722-27" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070722"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-27" type="date" value="19070722"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070722-27-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-27-19070722 t19070722-27-offence-1 t19070722-27-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-27-19070722" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-27-19070722" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19070722" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19070722" type="surname" value="FINCH"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19070722" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19070722" type="occupation" value="dealer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FINCH</hi>, Frederick (35, dealer)</persName>
<rs id="t19070722-27-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-27-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-27-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>; stealing the sum of £4, the moneys of
<persName id="t19070722-name-95" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-95" type="surname" value="TOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-95" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-95" type="occupation" value="publican"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-27-offence-1 t19070722-name-95"/>Daniel Tompson</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. G. A. Hardy prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-96" type="surname" value="TOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-96" type="given" value="DAXIL"/>DAXIL TOMPSON</persName> </hi>, the "George" public-house, East Harding Street. I remember a number of men coming into the house on June 5. I knew two of them, prisoner and Smith. They called for four glasses of ale, which I served, and for which prisoner paid. After that I went into the room behind the bar to lay the dinner-table. When I came back I saw some sawdust on the pewter run, and on the floor behind the bar. I thought something at once, and on looking round at my till found all my silver had gone. I went to the front door and saw Smith going up the road with a man named Daley (Smith</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190707220022"/>
<p>and Daley have been convicted for this offence). I went up to Smith, who handed me a handful of money amounting to £3 9s. 6d. I gave them into custody. Prisoner had gone when I returned. He has been in the habit of coming to my house since Christmas, but after June 5 he did not come in again.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. I only saw four men in the bar. My wife is very rarely in the bar, as she attends to the cooking, and does not come dow till the evening. It did not occur to me that Smith and Daley were dividing the money. The money was on the top of a Cox's till. I know it was £4 because that is the amount I regularly keep there for change in case of anyone coming in with a sovereign. In addi
<lb/>tion to the £3 9s. 6d. I had from Smith, the money found on Daley was impounded, and I received altogether 1s. 9d. less then the £4. I cannot say you have not been into the house when my wife was serving. I keep also a barmaid and a potman.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM CHARLES WOOD</hi>, City Police. At 12.35 on June 25 I was in Fleet Street I saw prisoner there and told him I was a police officer, and that he answered the description of a man wanted on a certain charge. I told him he would be arrested on suspicion. He said, "I was there." At the police station he was put up for identification, and identified by the last witness.</p>
<p>The Recorder said there was no case against the prisoner, and directed a verdict of
<rs id="t19070722-27-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-27-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-27-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="directed"/>Not guilty</rs>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Tuesday, July 23.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070722-28">
<interp inst="t19070722-28" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070722"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-28" type="date" value="19070722"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070722-28-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28-19070722 t19070722-28-offence-1 t19070722-28-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-28-19070722" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-28-19070722" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19070722" type="surname" value="SNOWDON"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19070722" type="given" value="WILLIAM CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SNOWDON</hi>, William Charles</persName>
<rs id="t19070722-28-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-28-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-28-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19070722-28-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-28-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-28-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>,to being clerk to
<persName id="t19070722-name-98" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-98" type="surname" value="HAWNT"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-98" type="given" value="WILLIAM MONTAGUE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-28-offence-1 t19070722-name-98"/>William Montague Hawnt</persName> wilfully and with intent to defraud making false entries in certain books belonging to his said master.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19070722-28-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-28-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-28-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28-19070722 t19070722-28-punishment-28"/>Prisoner was released on his own recognisances in £10 to come up far judgment when called upon.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19070722-28a" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070722"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-28a" type="date" value="19070722"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070722-28a-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28a-19070722 t19070722-28a-offence-1 t19070722-28a-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-28a-19070722" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-28a-19070722" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-28a-19070722" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-28a-19070722" type="surname" value="MCDONALD"/>
<interp inst="def1-28a-19070722" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-28a-19070722" type="occupation" value="agent"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">McDONALD</hi>, Thomas (40, agent)</persName>,
<rs id="t19070722-28a-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-28a-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-28a-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19070722-28a-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-28a-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-28a-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>to obtaining on
<rs id="t19070722-cd-1" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-28a-offence-1 t19070722-cd-1"/>August 30, 1906</rs>, the sum of £26, and on
<rs id="t19070722-cd-2" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-28a-offence-1 t19070722-cd-2"/>September 29, 1906</rs>, the sum of £6, by false pretences from
<persName id="t19070722-name-100" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-100" type="surname" value="GRIFFITHS"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-100" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-28a-offence-1 t19070722-name-100"/>William John Griffiths</persName>, in each case with intent to defraud; obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t19070722-name-101" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-101" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-101" type="given" value="VERNON"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-28a-offence-1 t19070722-name-101"/>Vernon Smith</persName> a bankers cheque for the payment and of the value of £15, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Several previous convictions were proved. Sentence,
<rs id="t19070722-28a-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-28a-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-28a-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28a-19070722 t19070722-28a-punishment-29"/>Three years' penal servitude</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19070722-29" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070722"/>
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<persName id="def1-29-19070722" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-29-19070722" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19070722" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19070722" type="surname" value="PERKINS"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19070722" type="given" value="ALEXANDER JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19070722" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PERKINS</hi>, Alexander John (42, clerk)</persName>
<rs id="t19070722-29-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-29-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-29-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19070722-29-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-29-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-29-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>, to being a clerk to
<persName id="t19070722-name-103" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-103" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-29-offence-1 t19070722-name-103"/>Short and Mason, Limited</persName>, embezzling the several sums of 7s., £3, £2, and 4s. 5d., received by him for and on account of his said employers; stealing the sum of £1 2s. 2d., the moneys of Short and Mason, Limited, his employers; being a clerk to Short and Mason, Limited, did omit and altar or concur in omitting and altering certain material particulars in several books belonging to his said employers, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
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<rs id="t19070722-29-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-29-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-29-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-29-19070722 t19070722-29-punishment-30"/>Three years penal servitude</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070722-30">
<interp inst="t19070722-30" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070722"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-30" type="date" value="19070722"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070722-30-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-30-19070722 t19070722-30-offence-1 t19070722-30-verdict-1"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070722-30-charge-6" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-30-19070722 t19070722-30-offence-2 t19070722-30-verdict-1"/>
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<persName id="def1-30-19070722" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-30-19070722" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19070722" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19070722" type="surname" value="READING"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19070722" type="given" value="ERNEST JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19070722" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">READING</hi>, Ernest James (27, labourer)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-30-19070722" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-30-19070722" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-30-19070722" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def2-30-19070722" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="def2-30-19070722" type="given" value="PERCY GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def2-30-19070722" type="occupation" value="hawker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRIS</hi>, Percy George (22, hawker)</persName>,
<persName id="def3-30-19070722" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-30-19070722" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-30-19070722" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def3-30-19070722" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def3-30-19070722" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def3-30-19070722" type="occupation" value="hawker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SMITH</hi>, John (18, hawker)</persName>,
<persName id="def4-30-19070722" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def4-30-19070722" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def4-30-19070722" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def4-30-19070722" type="surname" value="JENKINS"/>
<interp inst="def4-30-19070722" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def4-30-19070722" type="occupation" value="hawker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JENKINS</hi>, John (18, hawker)</persName>,
<persName id="def5-30-19070722" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def5-30-19070722" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def5-30-19070722" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def5-30-19070722" type="surname" value="NUTLEY"/>
<interp inst="def5-30-19070722" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="def5-30-19070722" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NUTLEY</hi>, Robert (18, labourer)</persName>,
<persName id="def6-30-19070722" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def6-30-19070722" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def6-30-19070722" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def6-30-19070722" type="surname" value="BLANCHARD"/>
<interp inst="def6-30-19070722" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def6-30-19070722" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BLANCHARD</hi>, George (18, labourer)</persName>,
<persName id="def7-30-19070722" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def7-30-19070722" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def7-30-19070722" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def7-30-19070722" type="surname" value="BARKER"/>
<interp inst="def7-30-19070722" type="given" value="KATE"/>
<interp inst="def7-30-19070722" type="occupation" value="charwoman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BARKER</hi>, Kate (35, charwoman)</persName>, and
<persName id="def8-30-19070722" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def8-30-19070722" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def8-30-19070722" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def8-30-19070722" type="surname" value="BUTLER"/>
<interp inst="def8-30-19070722" type="given" value="MARGARET JULIA"/>
<interp inst="def8-30-19070722" type="occupation" value="servant"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BUTLER</hi>, Margaret Julia (19, servant)</persName>. Reading, Harris, Jenkins, and Smith,
<rs id="t19070722-30-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-30-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-30-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> burglary in dwelling-house of
<persName id="t19070722-name-112" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-112" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-112" type="surname" value="HART"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-112" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-30-offence-1 t19070722-name-112"/>Margaret Hart</persName>, and stealing therein a silver watch, three thimbles, and other articles her property;</rs> Harris, Smith, Jenkins, Blanchard, and Barker,
<rs id="t19070722-30-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-30-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-30-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/>breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t19070722-name-113" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-113" type="surname" value="ELLIS"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-113" type="given" value="FRANK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-30-offence-2 t19070722-name-113"/>Frank Ellis</persName>, and stealing therein a watch, a bracelet, and other articles his property, and a watch and chain, the property of
<persName id="t19070722-name-114" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-114" type="surname" value="HARDING"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-114" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-30-offence-2 t19070722-name-114"/>Samuel Harding</persName> </rs>; Nutley
<rs id="t19070722-30-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-30-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-30-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/>, feloniously receiving a watch, the property of
<persName id="t19070722-name-115" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-115" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-115" type="surname" value="HART"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-115" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-30-offence-3 t19070722-name-115"/>Margaret Hart</persName>, well knowing it to have been stolen</rs>; Harris, Blanchard, Smith, and Butler,
<rs id="t19070722-30-offence-4" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-30-offence-4" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-30-offence-4" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t19070722-name-116" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-116" type="surname" value="THIRTLE"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-116" type="given" value="GEORGE FARRER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-30-offence-4 t19070722-name-116"/>George Farrer Thirtle</persName>, and stealing therein two hearthrugs and other articles, his property</rs>; Harris and Butler,
<rs id="t19070722-30-offence-5" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-30-offence-5" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-30-offence-5" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/> breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t19070722-name-117" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-117" type="surname" value="MCCARTHY"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-117" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-30-offence-5 t19070722-name-117"/>Michael McCarthy</persName> and stealing therein four blankets and other articles, his property.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. J. K. Mackay prosecuted.</p>
<p>The six male prisoners
<rs id="t19070722-30-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-30-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-30-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>.</p>
<rs id="t19070722-30-offence-6" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-30-offence-6" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-30-offence-6" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/>Barker was tried on the indictment for receiving jewellery, the pro
<lb/>perty of
<persName id="t19070722-name-118" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-118" type="surname" value="ELLIS"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-118" type="given" value="FRANK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-30-offence-6 t19070722-name-118"/>Frank Ellis</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-119" type="surname" value="HARDING"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-119" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL HARDING</persName> </hi>,</p>
<p>King's Road, Fulham. In June, 1907, I acted as caretaker of the house of Frank Ellis, 15, Woodthorpe Road, Putney. On June 20, at 11.15 a.m., I left the premises secure, and on returning at 7.45 p.m. I found the scullery window open, the inner doors forced, and the place ransacked. In the bedroom were a number of empty jewel cases. My silver watch, which I identify, had been stolen and a number of other articles of jewellery. I sent for the police. The gauze of the scullery window was broken.</p>
<p>Mrs. Ellis, wife of Frank Ellis, 15, Woodthorpe Road. My house was left in the care of the last witness, and in consequence of a com
<lb/>munication I returned home on June 21 and found that two small upboards in my bedroom had been forced and a number of jewels stolen, five of which have not been recovered. I identify two brooches, gold chain and locket, necklet with pendant, bracelet and earrings produced, belonging to me; also a silver watch, the property of the last witness—value in all about £60. The children's money-box was broken open and tne pennies stolen.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-120" type="surname" value="LAWRENCE"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-120" type="given" value="CHRISTOPHER GEORGE"/>CHRISTOPHER GEORGE LAWRENCE</persName> </hi>, 65, High Street, Wandsworth, pawnbroker. On June 21 a gold brooch and two earrings (produced) were pawned with me 'by a woman in the name of Ann Johnson, and gold pin (produced) was pawned in the name of John Stephens by the Harris. I do not recognise the woman.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190707220024"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-121" type="surname" value="NACKETT"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-121" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR NACKETT</persName> </hi>, assistant to J. Bosher, pawnbroker, 26, Sutton Road, Battersea. On June 21 gold chain and locket produced were pawned for 10s. by a woman (whom I do not recognise) in the name of Ann Barker.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-122" type="surname" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-122" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE THOMAS</persName> </hi>. 19, St. John's Hill, Clapham Junction, pawn
<lb/>broker. On June 21 necklet and pendant produced were pawned with me in the name of Ann Johnson. I do not identify the pri
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-123" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-123" type="surname" value="ELY"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-123" type="given" value="EDMUND JAMES"/>EDMUND JAMES ELY</persName> </hi>, manager to Thompson, 131, Falcon Road, Bat
<lb/>tersea, pawnbroker. On June 21 gold bracelet produced was pawned to me for 25s. by the prisoner Barker, whom I identify, in the name of Mrs. Johnson.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-124" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-124" type="surname" value="LOVELACE"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-124" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER LOVELACE</persName> </hi>, assistant to Frederick Read, pawnbroker, 117, High Street, Wandsworth. I produce brooch pawned for 3s. on June 21 in the name of "Kate Johnson" by the prisoner Barker, whom I identify. On the same day pin produced was pawned by a man I do not know.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM HIED</hi>, V Division. On June 24, at 10 a.m., in company with Sergeant Davis, I arrested Barker at 22, Carnworth Road, Fulham. I said, "We are police officers. You answer the description of a woman who has been pawning certain articles of jewel
<lb/>lery in Wandsworth and Battersea, the proceeds of a case of house-breaking at Woodthorpe Road, Putney." She said, "I admit I pawned some articles for Percy Reading last Friday. I brought him, out the money and the tickets on each occasion and gave it to him, and he tore the tickets up. I do not know where the things came from." She was then charged, and made no reply to the charge.</p>
<p>Verdict: Barker,
<rs id="t19070722-30-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-30-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-30-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty of feloniously receiving.</rs> </p>
<p>Margaret Butler was then tried for
<rs id="t19070722-30-offence-7" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-30-offence-7" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-30-offence-7" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/> receiving four blankets, two sheets, and four pillow slips, the property of
<persName id="t19070722-name-125" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-125" type="surname" value="MCCARTHY"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-125" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-30-offence-7 t19070722-name-125"/>Michael McCarthy</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">McCARTHY</hi>, wife of Michael McCarthy, 12, Raymond Road, Wimbledon. From June 13 to 24 we were away from home, leaving the house unoccupied. I returned on June 24. I found the wire netting of the cellar window had been cut off and thrown into the cellar. Some suits of gentlemen's clothes, four blankets, several sheets, counterpanes, towels, and a quilt were stolen to the value of £25. I identify by the marks sheets, blankets, towels, and quilt pro
<lb/>duced as my property.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-126" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-126" type="surname" value="HELM"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-126" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH HELM</persName> </hi>, 133, Eastcourt Road, Fulham. Harris and Butler lodged at my house, passing as Mr. and Mrs. Reading. I showed the constable into their room and pointed out certain articles.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS MULLER</hi>. V Division. On June 23 at 3.30 p.m. in a room indicated by the last witness as occupied by the prisoners Harris and Butler, I took one blanket, one sheet, one quilt, and one towel (produced). The articles were in use on the bed, the towel hanging over the bed foot.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN DAVIS</hi>, V Division. On June 22 I ar
<lb/>rested Butler on another charge. She was afterwards charged with</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190707220025"/>
<p>being concerned with George Butler in breaking and entering a house at Wimbledon and stealing therefrom property of Mrs. McCarthy. She made no reply.</p>
<p>The Common Serjeant suggested there was no case against Butler, and the Jury returned a verdict of
<rs id="t19070722-30-verdict-3" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-30-verdict-3" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-30-verdict-3" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Mr. M. Mackay stated that the evidence being of a similar charac
<lb/>ter on the other indictment, he did not propose to proceed with it. The Jury returned a verdict of Not guilty.</p>
<p>Smith declared he had not pleaded guilty in Hart's case. That was accepted.</p>
<p>It was stated that the prisoners had been connected with 29 cases in the V Division alone, and other cases in Ealing and Chiswick, all of a similar character: robberies in unattended houses, one of the pri
<lb/>soners going round hawking fruit, postcards, etc., ascertaining what homes were empty and giving information to Harris, who is a brother of Reading, and who acted as ringleader and arranged the robberies. Reading was stated to have been concerned in only one case, and he had previously borne a good character.</p>
<p>Harris confessed to having been convicted on February 5, 1907, of breaking into a school house, receiving one month's bard labour after a previous conviction when he was committed for a day. Blanchard had had one month's hard labour for larceny.</p>
<p>Sentence: Harris
<rs id="t19070722-30-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-30-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-30-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-30-19070722 t19070722-30-punishment-31"/>four years' penal servitude</rs>, Reading
<rs id="t19070722-30-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-30-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-30-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-19070722 t19070722-30-punishment-32"/>18 months' hard labour</rs>, Smith and Jenkins
<rs id="t19070722-30-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-30-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-30-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="otherInstitution"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-30-19070722 t19070722-30-punishment-33"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def4-30-19070722 t19070722-30-punishment-33"/>18 months</rs>, Blanchard
<rs id="t19070722-30-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-30-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-30-punishment-34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="otherInstitution"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def6-30-19070722 t19070722-30-punishment-34"/>20 months</rs>, Nutley
<rs id="t19070722-30-punishment-35" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-30-punishment-35" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-30-punishment-35" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="otherInstitution"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def5-30-19070722 t19070722-30-punishment-35"/>12 months under the Borstal system</rs>, Barker
<rs id="t19070722-30-punishment-36" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-30-punishment-36" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-30-punishment-36" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def7-30-19070722 t19070722-30-punishment-36"/>six months' hard labour</rs>.</p>
<p>The police were commended.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="def1-31-19070722" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-31-19070722" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19070722" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19070722" type="surname" value="BENNETT"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19070722" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19070722" type="occupation" value="pugilist"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BENNETT</hi>, Albert (21, pugilist)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-31-19070722" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-31-19070722" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-31-19070722" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def2-31-19070722" type="surname" value="EXPOSITO"/>
<interp inst="def2-31-19070722" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="def2-31-19070722" type="occupation" value="dealer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EXPOSITO</hi>, Samuel (21, dealer)</persName>
<rs id="t19070722-31-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-31-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-31-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>; both robbery on
<persName id="t19070722-name-129" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-129" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-129" type="given" value="TOM"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-129" type="occupation" value="hat maker"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-31-offence-1 t19070722-name-129"/>Tom Roberts</persName>, and stealing from him the sum of about 12s., his moneys.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Sherwood prosecuted. Mr. Knight defended Exposito.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-130" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-130" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-130" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-130" type="given" value="TOM"/>TOM ROBERTS</persName> </hi>, 107, Wynford Road, Islington, hat maker. On July 2, it 12.30 p. m, I left the "Blue Coat Boy," City Road, and walked up White Lion Street Islington, with my wife. I had about 18s. 4d. in my right trousers pocket. I looked to see because my wife asked me for money and I did not want to give it her then. I was walking a bit in front as she was jawing me. Three men and two women were walking in front of me, one of whom was Bennett, whom I knew by night. I walked across the road. Bennett and another man came over to me, got hold of my shoulder, and said, "Daddy, how much money have you got?" The other man put his hand in my pocket. I tried to grip his hand, and he got off and the two men ran over to the women. My wife ran after them, and they all went off out of my sight. The police then brought the two prisoners back. I could not recognise Exposito's features, but he was of the same build as the man who had put his hand in my pocket. They were taken to the police station. I there examined my money and found I had lost from 12s. to 14s.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190707220026"/>
<p>To Bennett. I never saw your face not to recognise vou when you robbed me. I saw you before I crossed the road so that they should not interfere with me. I could not run, as I have rheumatic gout. At about seven or eight p.m., before going into the "Blue Coat Boy," I had 21s., and I had 18s. 4d. when I left there. I never said I changed a sovereign. When I said at the police court, "I do not remember seeing Bennett there" I meant I could not recognise your face when you robbed me.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Knight. I was not drunk when I left the public-house; I had had enough. I had been in there from nine till 12.30. My wife had a drink; she was not drunk. I did not give her the money because she might have lost it—it was no use to her at quarter to one. I said at the police court that she was not in a state to receive the money. She was a bit "balmy"—that is, she is not quite right in her mind. She does not drink very much. I reckoned up my money at the police station. I had paid 1s. for a cab as I could not walk there. I had had as much drink as was good for me, but I knew what I wag about; so did my wife. I looked at my money in the public-house and counted it—it was all silver. Under cover of Bennett, Exposito put bis hand in my pocket I thought I caught his wrist, but he was gone—he was too tricky. I had never seen Exposito before I saw him in front of us in the street. After he ran away the policeman brought him back, and I said he was the man. I caught a glimpse of his features as he ran away. My wife did not say "That is the man." I said so.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I reckoned my money when I left the public-house—it was 18s. 5d. When I got to the station it was 4s. or 5s. I left the public-house at 12.30, was attacked about quarter of an hour after; the police brought one of the men back in about five minutes and the other in about eight or ten minutes. I did not recognize Bennett at the time, but I have recognised him since as a mail I had seen before.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-131" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-131" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-131" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-131" type="given" value="ALICE"/>ALICE ROBERTS</persName> </hi>, wife of prosecutor. We left the "Blue Coat Boy" at 12.30. As we got up White Lion Street we saw three men and two women in front of us; my husband crossed the street. The two prisoners crossed over, put their arms round my husband, and he called out, "They have robbed me." The two men then returned to the women and they all ran away. I ran too and called "Police!" The men got out of my sight. A few seconds afterwards the police brought the two prisoners back. I saw their faces when they went up to my husband. I knew Bennett before by sight as a man I had seen a few times in the neighbourhood. Exposito was a stranger to me. My husband suffers from paralysis and cannot walk fast I did not see any money at the station or at all. I had not had too much to drink. I had been at home all the evening, and went to the public-house at 12.15 for my husband. He was not the worse for drink and could walk as well as he ever can.</p>
<p>To Bennett. I said at the police court I did not recognise you the first time because I did not see you full face; afterwards I had</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190707220027"/>
<p>a better view of you, and I say you are the man. I saw Exposito put his hand in my husband's pocket. Both put their hands round him.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Knight. I do not know what money my husband had when he went into the public-house—he never told me what he had got. I did not know about his money or see it. He gives me money when he takes his orders home, not every Saturday. I had only had a small stout in the pubic-house. My husband was perfectly sober—he cannot take drink—he could not walk at all if he did. He looked all right—the same as usual. Neither of us was balmy. I saw the faces of both the men, and I say that the prisoners were the men who robbed my husband They both pat their arms round his waist—not his neck. I saw my husband get hold of Exposito's hand. The prisoners came over to the women, and I ran and called for the police and then they all ran. I had a good view of Exposito's face, and recognised him when he was brought back.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK HUNTLY</hi>, 103 G. On the early morning of July 3 I was at the corner of Suffolk Street, about 200 yards from the end of White Lion Street. The last witness came to me and said that the prisoners had taken some money from her husband's pocket. The prisoners and another man were then two or three yards in front of me. I walked towards them, and the three ran away in different directions. I followed Exposito down White Lion Street into Penton Street and caught him in Chapel Street without losing sight of him. Bennett ran down Penton Street in the opposite direction. I did not see what became of the third man. I took Exposito to prosecu
<lb/>tor, who was then in White Lion Street, and he said, "This man put his hand in my pocket and took my money out." Exposito said nothing. I took him to the station; Bennett was brought in about 10 minutes after, and they were charged together. Exposito said, "I am innocent." I searched him, and found upon him 2s. 6d. in silver and 1 1/4 d. in bronze.</p>
<p>To Bennett. I saw your face as you came towards me with ex
<lb/>posito and another man. The two women were in the vicinity. I am positive I saw our face—I have seen you in the vicinity at night time and knew you by sight.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Knight. When I brought back Exposito to the prisoner I saw no money in the road. (To Bennett.) When, prisoners were at the station prosecutor said he changed a sovereign at the public-house. He said he had lost about 12s. or 14s.</p>
<p>Re-examined. Prosecutor counted his money at the station—he had about 4s. When Alice Roberts came to me it was 12.35 a.m.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALBERT PAGE</hi>, 95 G. On July 3, at about 12.45 a.m., I was in Barron Street, about 250 or 300 yards from where the robbery is said to have occurred, when Alice Roberts came towards me shouting "Police." There were three men and two women about 10 yards past me. I shouted to them to stop, and they all ran off in different directions. I hailed the man who is</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190707220028"/>
<p>not in custody, and he came over to me with the two women, and he went back with me to the prosecutor, and I asked him to explain what had happened. I blew my whistle.</p>
<p>To Bennett. The third man accompanied me willingly; the other two ran away. The prosecutor could not identify the third man, and he worked his way into the crowd and disappeared when the arrest was made. He was an Italian half-catte, like Exposito. I accompanied prosecutor to the station to take the charge. I was standing outside the "Johns" public house when I saw the two pri
<lb/>soners and the third man.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ERNEST DAY</hi>, 132 G. I was on duty just after mid
<lb/>night on July 2 in Pentonville Road, near Penton Street and White Lion Street, when I heard a police whistle. I saw Bennett running from White Lion Street, chased him, caught him, and took him to the station. He struggled to get away. I did not lose sight of him.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, July 24.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-132" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-132" type="surname" value="BENNETT"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-132" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT BENNETT</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). When I heard the police whistle blow I ran up to see what was the matter, and the constable got hold of me by the neck and arm and switched my arm round, and he said, "I think you are one of them." I said, "You need not break my arm." Both constables twisted my arm round my neck and put their knees up. They said, "If you want to have a fight, have one"; and one said, "I think that is one of them, as I have known him in the neighbourhood." I did not run away. I ran to see what was the matter. I was not concerned in the robbery. Prosecutor said I was not there, and only knew me by living in the neighbourhood. Prosecutor's wife said the same. I was at the end of the turning selling song books, and when I heard the police whistle I went to see what was ihe matter. The police urged prosecutor to press the charge.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not know prosecutor and his wife by sight. They live in the neighbourhood. I was working with my song-books right round the public-houses. I was coming from the "Blue Coat Boy" when the officer caught me. I was not in Exposito's company that night. I did not tell the police officer I was there to see what was the matter because he tried to break my arm. I said, "You needn't do that," and another officer came up and started doing the same. Another officer came and started putting his knees against my back and insisted on taking me to the station. He took me round the square and said, "Why don't you have a fight for your liberty?" The police did not give me a chance of saying anything. I had sold twelve of my thirteen song-books at 1d. each and had a shilling in coppers on me when taken.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-133" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-133" type="surname" value="EXPOSITO"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-133" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL EXPOSITO</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I left a friend about half an hour before this occurrence to go home, but went down White Lion</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190707220029"/>
<p>Street instead. I meant to go to the Holborn Music Hall, but did not go, and railed at a public-house in White Lion Street and saw an ac
<lb/>quaintance who asked me to have a drink. Bennett came in and started talking to my other friend. I did not know him or wish him to join in the conversation. My friend started rowing him. It was closing time, and we went out towards White Lion Street. Bennett used a foul expression. I told him to stop it. He said, "I don't care; both of you can do it on me if you like." I walked away with my friend. I heard someone shout, "He has got his hand in my pocket," and I saw someone bungling with prosecutor. I said to my friend. "We had better go on," and we walked away. Prosecutor's wife was calling "Police!" I looked round and see a policeman coming towards me to grab hold of me and I ran to get out of the way. I did not want to be arrested for anything I was not concerned in. When the constable arrested me I said, "I don't know what you are catching me for. I am innocent." I was taken to the police station just before Bennett arrived. When the prosecutor got there he said, looking at me, "I don't think I will charge that man." The officer in the charge-room said, "Go on; you don't know wheat they are until they are found out. Go on and prosecute him." Prose
<lb/>cutor said, "No." His wife said "Yes, that is him right enough."</p>
<p>I have a faint idea that it was Bennett who at
<lb/>tacked prosecutor. I did not go to help because I don't like to get mixed up in these things. I saw two women in front of us. I did not notice a third man. I see somebody running and then turned round to see what was the matter and saw a constable coming towards me, which made me run.</p>
<p>Bennett's further defence. This man (Exposito) said that he had a faint idea that I was the man who was there. What made him have a faint idea if he did not see me there and lost me at the bottom of the turning? He said he saw me in a public-house drinking with other men. Where is his witness if so? If so, why didn't he and the other man come to the gentleman's assistance instead of running away when the prosecutor said he had lost his money? Also at the police court he did not state to the magistrate that I was in his company. His solicitor had been to the prosecutor and said he, prosecutor, would not come against me, and he did not appear at the police court until he was subpœnaed by the police authorities. The prosecutor was sure at the police court that he did not see me but only knew me by being in the neighbourhood, and his wife also said at the last hearing at the police court, "I did not see Bennett there, but I knew him by living in the neighbourhood." I don't know this prisoner at all. I was never in his company.</p>
<p>Verdict. Both prisoners
<rs id="t19070722-31-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-31-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-31-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/> not guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>The Common Serjeant. You two men have had a most wonderful escape. It is a sad failure of justice.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190707220030"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUDGE RENTOUL</hi>.</p>
<p>(Tuesday, July 23.)</p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">REUTER</hi>, Albert (38, traveler)</persName>, and
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<hi rend="largeCaps">FREEMAN</hi>. Leslie (36, architect)</persName>
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<interp inst="t19070722-32-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>; all conspiring and agreeing together to defraud
<persName id="t19070722-name-137" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-137" type="surname" value="MILLS"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-137" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-32-offence-1 t19070722-name-137"/>Albert Mills</persName>,
<persName id="t19070722-name-138" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-138" type="surname" value="REITMEYER"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-138" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-32-offence-1 t19070722-name-138"/>Robert Reitmeyer</persName>,
<persName id="t19070722-name-139" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-139" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-32-offence-1 t19070722-name-139"/>Betts, and Co., Limited,</persName>
<persName id="t19070722-name-140" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-140" type="surname" value="HANSON"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-140" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-32-offence-1 t19070722-name-140"/>James Hanson</persName> and
<persName id="t19070722-name-141" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-141" type="surname" value="WINDSCHUEGL"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-141" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-32-offence-1 t19070722-name-141"/>Charles Windschueghl</persName> of their goods and moneys; all obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t19070722-name-142" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-142" type="surname" value="MILLS"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-142" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-32-offence-1 t19070722-name-142"/>Albert Mills</persName> goods value £9 8s., from
<persName id="t19070722-name-143" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-143" type="surname" value="REITMEYER"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-143" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-32-offence-1 t19070722-name-143"/>Robert Reitmeyer</persName> goods value £10 8s. 4d., from
<persName id="t19070722-name-144" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-144" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-32-offence-1 t19070722-name-144"/>Betts and Co., Limited</persName>, goods value £3, from
<persName id="t19070722-name-145" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-145" type="surname" value="HANSON"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-145" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-32-offence-1 t19070722-name-145"/>James Hanson</persName> goods value 14s., and from
<persName id="t19070722-name-146" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-146" type="surname" value="WINDSCHEUGHL"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-146" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-32-offence-1 t19070722-name-146"/>Charles Windschueghl</persName> goods value £17 13s. 6d., in each case with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Sir Charles Mathews and Mr. Arthur Gill prosecuted. Mr. Daniel Warde and Mr. M. A. Taylor defended Hewan Freeman and Leslie Freeman.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-147" type="surname" value="BARTHEL"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-147" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BARTHEL</persName> </hi>, manager to Robert Reitmeyer and Co., 63, Crutched Friars. In December, 1905, my firm had transactions with Freeman and Co., 373, Queen's Road, New Cross Gate, and continued supplying goods up to April 30, 1906—acetic acid—on which date goods were sold amounting to £13 3s. 4d.; on April 23 the amount was £3 2s. 2d., and on April 25 a similar amount. On May 2 £2 was paid on account, it being sent in a letter from H. Freeman saying that he had been called away owing to the illness and death of his father. The letter was headed "Freeman and Co., wholesale mer
<lb/>chants and universal providers, 373, Queen's Road, New Cross." We pressed for the money due, and received letter of May 11 signed, "For Freeman and Co.," and an initial underneath—indistinct. That letter contained a post-dated (May 21) cheque for £8 5s. 2d.; also another cheque which was cashed. On May 19 another letter came. We did not present the post-dated cheque on the 21st; when it was presented it was returned. On June 27 we again sent an account, showing balance of £10 8s. 4d., and saving that unless it was paid by 12 to
<lb/>morrow we should have it collected. On that we received a letter headed, "The C.S. Chemical and General Supply Company, universal providers, trading as Freeman and Co., London and Bordeaux, manu
<lb/>facturers and importers, manufacturers of microbine; factory and warehouse, Herman Road." I had never heard of this company be
<lb/>fore. The letter said that they had taken over the liabilities of the late firm. We replied on June 30 asking them if Mr. Freeman had no connection with the firm and to let us have his empties, to which they responded on July 2 saying that they had absolutely nothing to do with the late owners and giving Mr. W. Freeman's address. We wrote again on July 3 still pressing our inquiries, and received a reply on July 4 saying that the carboys had been purchased by them. We dropped the matter until November 29, when we wrote asking them to let us know in confidence the address of the late owners, to which they replied. "We regret to say we do not know the where-abouts of the Freeman Brothers. We should like to know ourselves.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190707220031"/>
<p>If we are successful in finding them we shall advise you, but we are afraid they are worthless." That was the end of our efforts to trace the Freeman Brothers; we were never paid. We believed we were dealing with a genuine business.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I do not call our business with the Freemans a considerable one. Our firm has a large business. The goods were all supplied to the same address at Queen's Road, but some were to the C.S. Chemical Company and others to Freeman and Co. These receipt produced relate to the Chemical Supply Company. I do not know that certain cheques were received from the Freemans; I can
<lb/>not recollect; there were payments made. I remember the dis
<lb/>honoured cheque for £8 5s. 7d. As far as I know, no payments were made by cheques from the C.S. Chemical Company; it was always cash as far as I remember. Our books would show. There is £10 odd owing to us from prisoners after their two years' dealings with us. Acetic acid varies in degrees and in price. The carman, when he has been to us for the acetic acid, has sometimes not had enough money for the higher grade, and has afterwards called and paid the balance. So far as our firm was concerned, these people had previously paid us and acted honestly.</p>
<p>Re-examined. We dealt first of adl with the Freeman. We did not know that the C.S. Chemical Supply Company was composed of the same members as Freeman and Co.; if we had we would not have dealt with them. (Witness having produced his firm's book found numerous entries on various dates of payments by the Free
<lb/>mans, extending from February 28, 1906, to February, 1907.) The book does not show whether they were cash or cheques.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-148" type="surname" value="MONTGOMERY"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-148" type="given" value="EDWARD CUTHBERT"/>EDWARD CUTHBERT MONTGOMERY</persName> </hi>, employed by Bette and Co., Limi
<lb/>ted, 1, Wharf Road, City Road. In June, 1906, we supplied Free
<lb/>man and Co. with a capsuiing machine and accessories, price £3, on approval. I applied for payment three times. The letter (produced) of November 21 last was sent by our firm applying for a cheque; other letters were sent on December 13 and 17. On January 4 we got one from the C.S. Chemical and General Supply Company, say
<lb/>ing. "The enclosed statement has nothing to do with us; we pur
<lb/>chased this business from the Freeman Company on November 19 last, and took over no liabilities whatever." On January 5 we re
<lb/>plied stating that we were surprised at the position taken up. On January 12 they wrote repeating that they had no concern with the late firm. On January 24 we wrote again, and said we were instruct
<lb/>ing our solicitors. I do not think we had any reply to that, and have not been paid for the machine.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have told the jury all my personal dealings the prisoners. These receipts (produced) are for money paid by the Freemans; they have been cash customers of ours for a long time. I will not deny that they were supplied with several thousand capsules by us. I do not recollect Freeman's carman calling and asking for the price of a capsuling machine. I believe it was</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190707220032"/>
<p>ordered on the phone. The price was £2 5s. We have an elderly man who looks after these machines—keeps them in order. I could not say whether he was sent to Freeman's to see how the machine was working, nor whether the latter complained that the machine would not work for half pints. Our firm did recommend that acces
<lb/>sories should be added. I have never seen any of the firm of Free
<lb/>mans, aithough I have called on them three times. I do not know that we have ever sent them a solicitor's letter.</p>
<p>Re-examined. We have not had any money in response to our applications. I saw a boy at Freemans premises on the first occasion I called.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-149" type="surname" value="HANSON"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-149" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES HANSON</persName> </hi>, 33, Cooper's Road, Old Kent Road. On July 7 last year I called at 373, Queen's Road, and saw an office lad there, taking some cork rings which were ordered on July 4 by Reuter on behalf of Freeman and Co. I called for payment several times, mostly seeing the boy and once Reuter. Hewan Freeman had called on me once or twice, but not about the cork rings. I gave a letter to Reuter to deliver to Hewan Freeman. I am not mistaken about that. As I did not get paid I took proceedings in the County Court against Freeman and Co. I received letter headed, "The Common Sense Chemical and General Supply Company," saying that they had purchased and taken possession of Freeman's Vinegar Company on November 19, and were not responsible for the late proprietor's liabilities in any way. That was initialled A.E.R. I did not take any further step; it was not worth it. When I supplied the goods I thought I was dealing with a bona-fide company.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Ii was not Leslie Freeman who gave me the order for cork rings; it was Reuter. I do not know Leslie Freeman. Reuter has called on me and given one or two small orders, for which he has paid cash. I have a little girl, but I do not know that she collected tram tickets. Leslie Freeman never came to my house; it was Hewan. I do not recollect about any tram tickets lying on the table of my sitting-room, nor having any conversation about them.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I did not know Reuters name until recently; for Hewan's, until I got it from a cheque which somebody lent me; the was just before I summoned him.</p>
<p>To prisoner Reuter. When you brought the order you were driv
<lb/>ing a dirty little van and horse. That was about July 4. You did not take the goods with you; my girl delivered them. You called at my house more than once. I do not know the date when you first called; it was about June of last year. You have called about four times altogether. Once you paid me for an order in cash. You did not take any goods away without payment.</p>
<p>To the Judge. On the first two occasions Reuter paid for the goods, but the third time he gave me some samples and ordered the rings, which were not paid for. The fourth time I saw him was when I called at Queen's Road, and there was a notice outside, "Beware of</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190707220033"/>
<p>the dog, "but I took no notice of that. I do not remember a conversa
<lb/>tion with the man who called (whoever he was) about Bussey's or any
<lb/>one else.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-150" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-150" type="surname" value="WINDSCHUEGL"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-150" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES WINDSCHUEGL</persName> </hi>, Leadenhall Buildings. I received a letter on March 4 last headed, "Freeman's Vinegar Co., London and Bor
<lb/>deaux manufacturers and importers. Offices and showrooms Queen's Road, London," and aaking us to quote for acetic acid. We replied, quoting for same, and then received a visit from Reuter, who gave me a card. He wanted to buy half a ton of acetic acid. I agreed to supply on references for cash. He said he would not be prepared to pay cash, as his principals were not in town, and they only met once a fortnight, and would only pay every other Saturday, when there is a meeting, and the cheques would have to be signed by both; but he gave me two references, which I applied for, and they were good. The goods were supplied, £17 13s. 6d. We were not paid. I gave fourteen days' credit on Router's representations. Mr. Laidlaw called for payment, and we wrote twice—March 25 and April 8.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. It was the first time I have heard that these people were and are prepared to pay my bill.</p>
<p>To Reuter. You did not give me to understand that you were one of the principals.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-151" type="surname" value="LAIDLAW"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-151" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM LAIDLAW</persName> </hi>, salesman to Charlee Windschugl and Co. de
<lb/>posed to calling four or five times on Freeman and Co., Queen's Road, and seeing a girl one time, another time Hewan Freeman, who Mid Mr. Freeman was away on his holidays. At other times witness saw no one.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-152" type="surname" value="MILLS"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-152" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT MILLS</persName> </hi>, 68, Wyndham Road, Camberwell. On May 3 pri
<lb/>soner Reuter called on me, saying he represented Freeman's Vinegar Company, giving me the card produced. He wanted some vinegar bottles. I told him I had none by me, but agreed to get some on terms he mentioned, cash on delivery, and send them to 373, Queen's Road. William Collins, the carman, took them, with instruc
<lb/>tions that it was to be cash on delivery. He returned with a sealed envelope, which contained a note, "Your carman arrived too late for Mr. Freeman, so am returning crates and will bring you cheque £9 8s. to-morrow." The next day I sent my man, and went myself to Queens Road, where I saw Hewan Freeman, who said he was the yard foreman. He afterwards admitted he was Mr. Freeman, but (said he could do nothing in the matter till he saw Mr. Reuter. I asked if the latter could not be found, and that he should tell me where he lived. He said, No, he should not think of doing that; it would be unbusinesslike, or something like that. He said Reuter would be there on Monday morning. I said I would make an Ap
<lb/>pointment, and he said, "All right, call on Monday morning at 10 o'clock." I went on Monday morning and saw Mr. Freeman again, waiting about an hour and a half, but no Mr. Reuter came. I asked Freeman if he intended paying me. He said he would do nothing at all till he saw Reuter. I have not seen Reuter. I have not seen Reuter since, and, being unable</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190707220034"/>
<p>to get the money or bottles, I went to the police. The document produced was given to the carman when he took the bottles. "Please turn over and return crates and please pay the carman and oblige." I saw some of my bottles afterwards at the police-station. I thought Reuter was genuine when he told me it would be cash on delivery.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have got the bottles back except about 15s. worth. I did not think Freeman was deaf when I spoke to him Freeman did say the bottles were sold on a monthly agreement, but I said they were not. I do not think prisoners were all along ready to pay me. I got information that my bottles were moved the same aight that they were delivered, or part of them, and the other part would be taken away on Saturday evening.</p>
<p>To Reuter. When you called it is true I showed you a bottle and asked if you ever did anything on commission. It is not true that you said, as you were leaving the yard, your firm's terms were the usual month. You said, "As soon as the bottles are delivered there your money." I said I would ring up my customer, and if the bottles were not sold I would try and get them. He came the next morning, and I said I had not rung up. He said, "I wish you would, we are so pressed." I said, "If I do, what are your terms!" "You must pay me cash as soon as the bottles are delivered. I am only a poor man." He agreed to pay cash, and came again in the afternoon. Just then my van came up with the bottles.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-153" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-153" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM COLLINS</persName> </hi>, carman to Albert Mills. On May 3 I took 14 gross of bottles to 373, Queen's Road, Mr. Mills telling me they were to be paid for on delivery. On arriving there I saw Hewan Freeman, who said he was foreman of the yard and that Mr. Freeman had gene to Catford. He said he would be back before I went away, so I com
<lb/>menced to unload. Just before I finished Mr. Reuter arrived. He then gave me an envelope, and I was told there was a cheque inside. I would not have left the bottles had I known there was no cheque there. I went the next day to Queen's Road, being afterwards joined by Mr. Mills. I heard some of the conversation between him and Freeman, and the latter said he was not Mr. Freeman, afterwards saying he was.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not notice that Mr. Freeman was deaf.</p>
<p>To Reuter. When you gave me the envelope you did not say the cheque was not in the envelope in reply to my question. You said, "Yes, all right."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-154" type="surname" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-154" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES CHARLES</persName> </hi>, clerk to Edwin Evans, 253, Lavender Hill, estate agent. In April last I acted on behalf of Mr. Bunker, the owner of the mission hall at Wandsworth. Prisoners Hewan Freeman and Reuter called on me in reference to taking it. We came to an arrange
<lb/>ment that they should take it for three years, with the option of a lease at £28 per annum, they giving references (in the letter pro
<lb/>duced): Albert Reuter, 21, South Island Place, Clapham Road; and G. Archdale, Ayrshire House, New Cross. S.E. I did not know the names of the two prisoners then. We wrote to the referees and re
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190707220035"/>
<p>the letters produced upon which the agreement produced was drawn up and sent on and possession given. The agreement was not sent back, although I wrote three times for it. They had possession from about April 22 to their arrest.</p>
<p>To Reuter. I do not think you took part in the conversation when you called with Hewan Freeman.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-155" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-155" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-155" type="surname" value="PENNACK"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-155" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES PENNACK</persName> </hi>, agent for 373, Queen's Road, deposed to letting these premises from March 25, 1905, to William Freeman—not one of the prisoners. I have not seen him since (February, 1905). I have seen the two Freemans at the premises on several occasions. I have cot teen Reuter there.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I retook possession of the house between the March and June quarteis this year. The rent has been paid up to farch.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I had to put the brokers in on two or three occa
<lb/>sions to get the rent. I was paid by cheque two or three times.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DAISY PEACOCK</hi>. In May, 1906, I took some rooms at 373, Qieen's Road from Leslie Freeman. Hewan was there at that time. I stayed there 13 months. Leslie left there in October last. Hewan came every day before Leslie left and afterwards, but did not live there. Reuter has been there as a traveller ever since. I have been there. (Witness identified the handwriting of certain letters written or prisoners Leslie Freeman and Reuter.)</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The business was not carried on respectably after Mr. Leslie left. The vinegar and house agency businesses were car
<lb/>ried on while I was there.</p>
<p>To Reuter. I simply knew you a traveller while you were there.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I knew Reuter had a lot of correspondence, but I did not know the nature of it. I knew nothing of the business till the office boy left about Christmas time. After that I had to answer the door. Goods used to come to the premises and people used to come for their money. Mr. Hewan used to tell me to say that Mr. Freeman had gone away. I never saw anyone paid. (Witness de
<lb/>seribed the process of vinegar making.) They used to sell the vinegar at 3s. 6d. a cask. The owners of the business all the time I was there, as far as I knew, were the two Freeman. I did not know of any showrooms at Herman Road nor of any place at Bor
<lb/>deaux. They used to bottle downstairs. Goods were taken from 373, Queen's Road, to the Mission Hall; they were going to start thebusiness there.</p>
<p>Further cross-examined. I know there are two kinds of vinegar—malt vinegar costing twice as much. I do not know anything about vinegar making except what I saw at Queen's Road. I cannot re
<lb/>member the names of all the people who came for money. One was Roberts, of Stratford. Mr. Hewan gave me notice to leave when the brokers were coming in.</p>
<p>To Reuter. You were there more or lees every day; not all day. I have often seen you at the desk writing letters and washing bottles,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190707220036"/>
<p>(Wednesday, July 24.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PEACOCK</hi>, recalled. To Router. I never knew you to drive a van for the Freeman's. There was a carman named Monday.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-156" type="surname" value="BLISS"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-156" type="given" value="PERCY"/>PERCY BLISS</persName> </hi>. I was employed as clerk at 373, Queen's Road, from April to December of last year. Mr. Leslie Freeman engaged me. The name outside the house was H. A. Freeman. I do not remember whether the business was then Freeman and Co., wholesale mer
<lb/>chants and universal providers. That was the heading of some of the letter-paper. The other was, "H. Freeman, architect and sur
<lb/>veyor." Mr. Hewan used to sleep at the premises. Mr. Reuter was engaged there as traveller at the time I was there. I used to write the letters; sometimes they were typed, sometimes written; they were all dictated, either by Mr. Leslie or Mr. Hewan. Reuter used to come every day for a time, and sometimes two or three times a week. Hewan left about June or July last year; then Leslie left in November; and after that Hewan came back and took control. The C. S. Chemical and General Supply Company was carried on at the same time, and I thought they were the same; they were the same people. I never knew any William Freeman. The letter (produced) was typed by me and dictated by Hewan. The contents of the letter struck me as odd, but I did not say anything to Mr. Freeman about it. Up to the time I left Mr. Reuter did not write any of the letters, as far as I know. I was the only clerk; I do not know whether anyone succeeded me. Reuter wrote the orders. I did not know that there was any branch at Bordeaux, nor any factories or warehouses at Herman Road. I never made any inquiries about the statements on the C.S. Chemical Company's paper. I did know about the applications for money, but not as to how they were dealt with. There was a firm called the Western Electric Company at the premises when I went; they were tenants of Mr. Leslie. Mr. Archdale was the same as Mr. Hewan; Archdale was his second name. He would tell me sometimes, when people called, to say that Mr. Archdale would see them. The C.S. Chemical Company's paper was used when I first went there in April. I do not know that that company purchased the Freeman's business on November 19 last. In regard to the names of members of the Chemical Company, I know Miss C. Sopp; she was not in control of the business. C. Fraser is a gentleman who was going to be a partner. I only know one Mr. Fraser. When I first went there the name of the business was Freeman's Vinegar Company.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. There were two other clerks in my time; Mr. Mews and Mr. Hills; the latter managed the house agency part; he came at the same time as I. There were three travellers, Reuter, Waters, and Llewellyn. I have seen Mr. Fraser at Queen's Road: I have also seen him about here to-day. I do not know that he ad
<lb/>vanced a sum on account of purchase money.</p>
<p>To Router. I used to make out your commission book sometimes; you were paid like the other travellers. I have not known you to</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190707220037"/>
<p>drive a horse and van for Mr. Freeman, nor act as carman. When Mr. Leslie left in November Miss Sopp became proprietress, with Mr. Hewan as manager, and you were kept on as traveller.</p>
<p>Re-examined. At the time Mr. Leslie left the banking account ceased; that was last November. The house agency business be
<lb/>longed to Mr. Hewan. Mr. Mews used to write the invoices some
<lb/>times and help in the yard or in the bottling. There was a day book and a ledger kept while I was there; no copies of invoices were kept. There was no plant beyond the cask mentioned in which the vinegar was made.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-157" type="surname" value="HAIGH"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-157" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>SERGEANT ERNEST HAIGH</persName> </hi>, P Division. On May 27 I arrested Reuter and Hewan Freeman as they were leaving 373, Queen's Road. Reuter said, "What is the case?" I said, "Mr. Mills, of Camber
<lb/>well, has complained of you and Freeman having swindled him out of a quantity of bottles." Reuter said, "Oh! that case; well I do not see much fraud about that. If that is all, I can get out of this all right." Then I said they might be also charged with other alleged frauds, and Reuter said, "All right, I shall know what to do, so we won't discuss it now." They made no answer to the charge when read. Reuter at first refused his address (afterwards giving 21, South Island Place, Brixton), but He was gave his as 194, Queen's Road, Peckham. Documents were found on both, also at the premises, 373 and 194, Queen's Road. On May 28 I went to the Mission Hall at Wandtworth, where I found the bottles identified by Mr. Mills, the capsuling machine, and other materials that have been identified by other persons. I found no trade books or manufacturing plans at Queen's Road—there were a tot of papers there. (Witness identified documents found at Reuter's lodgings and at the Mission Hall and Queen's Road, also some found on Hewan Freeman.) I do not know of any factories or warehouses at Herman Road. After further information had been received I arrested Leslie Freeman on June 18. He made no reply to the charge.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. (Counsel having produced a bundle of books and repers.) I did not see these at 194, Queen's Road; they were not there. I went there late at night, but I went through all the rooms, turned the desk over and found everything that was in it.</p>
<p>Police constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK WARD</hi>, 408 P. I took Hewan Freeman to the station. On the I know which case it was. I said he would know at the station later on. He said, "I knew which case this is."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-158" type="surname" value="FREEMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-158" type="given" value="HIWAN ARCHDALE"/>HIWAN ARCHDALE FREEMAN</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I am rather deaf. The premises, 373, Queen's Road, were taken by another brother, William Freeman, in March, 1905, who had no connection with them afterwards. I went there and started business as oil and colour mer
<lb/>chant, "W. Freeman and Co." That continued till June, 1906, when Leslie came and joined me. "Freeman's Vinegar Co." started in January, 1906, but "W. Freeman and Co." was still car
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190707220038"/>
<p>on as an oil business. In June, 1906. I had an offer to go to another firm, Cordell, Finnis and Co., Limited, 213, New Cross Road, oil and colour merchants and builders' materials. I was with them two months, and left because there was not sufficient work for me A, that time W. Freeman and Co., the oil business, was changed to the C.S. Chemical, etc., Co. Besides the vinegar and oil business we were agents for Cameron's coals, Pickford's, and the Parcels Delivery Co. From June to November last Leslie carried on the business I calling in at times to give assistance. After November 19 Leslie had nothing to do with it. Miss Sopp was then the owner, and until January of this year I was manager. Miss Sopp supplied some money to the business. After January I took it over entirely. Miss Sopp handed it over, according to the document read. We manufactured the vinegar in the usual way; we did not manufacture malt vinegar. The reason we took the Mission Hall was that we were giving up 373, Queen's Road, to reduce expenses. That was in April. I had a banking account with the London and County Bank, Margate branch. That was opened when I was at Margate, practising as architect and surveyor. Later on the account was transferred to the Camber-well Green branch, where I still have an account. I should say I first dealt with Reitmeyers in the beginning of 1906. It would be right to say December, 1905. We had a good number of transactions with Reitmeyers—which have been paid for. After the balance of £10 8s. 4d. was incurred we did business with them, paying cash, right up to last month. Miss Sopp used to attend at week ends—about four or five times—for the purpose of seeing the books and making payments. I have never been to Mr. Hansom's house, and had nothing to do with the purchase of cork rings. I have never sent Reuter out as carman. Munday was the carman. I had nothing to do with the purchase of the capsuling machine. In regard to Wind-schuegl's case, the acetic acid. I supplied the two references. If I had not been arrested I should have been able to pay him. In regard to Mr. Mills, I directed Reuter to make inquiries as to the price of bottles. The latter told me the terms were to be "one month." I should have been able to pay in that case. When the bottles were delivered a man came to the side gate, at three in the afternoon, and said, "I have brought a load of bottles." I said, "A funny time of the day to bring bottles." I opened the invoice and was amazed at the quantity of bottles. I said, "We do not require such a quan-tity." There were some 13 or 14 gross. He told me a gentleman had been to see Mr. Mills and arranged for a load of bottles. He had brought them, he said, from the other side of the water on purpose for us, and we must have them, so I saw no alternative but to ask him to uuload. While unloading Reuter came. I told him the circum
<lb/>stances, and he said, "Oh, that's all right." He was in a hurry to get away and said. "I will talk to you about it to-morrow," so he wrote a letter to Mills and handed it to the carman. I did not see the contents. Next morning Mr. Mills came fairly early. I opened the door, not knowing the man. He said he had come about the bottles</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190707220039"/>
<p>and wanted to be paid. I said I did not intend to pay him until I saw Renter. He said ne would either have the bottles or the money. I told him, "Upon Mr. Reuter saying the bottles were not on a month's credit I will pay you, otherwise you will have to wait a month He waited to see Reuter, and asked for his address, which I dia not feel justified in giving. It was arranged that Mills should meet Reuter on the Monday. Mills came on that day, but Reuter did not. In the vinegar business we had five travellers—three in London and two in the country. The vinegar business done is shown in the five books produced and two small receipt books. There is also the ledger. (A bundle of labels was produced.) We bought our malt vinegar from Slee, Slee, and Co. The receipt produced are for vinegar bought for the purpose of 'bottling and supplying to cus
<lb/>tomers. (Two books and four bundles of correspondence were pro
<lb/>duced relating to the house agency business.) Reuters commission accounts are shown in these three books produced. Cross-examined. When I was arrested the business was being car
<lb/>ried on at the mission hall. It had practically ceased at Queen's Road. Those were the only addresses. The documents and books (produced) were found at 194, Queen's Road, by me after my arrest. The detectives came there at 11p.m. when my wife was in bed; she came down and let them in, and I think in their hurry they did not look properly round, because one of the detectives had his arm like that (illustrating) on one of the ledgers—so my wife told me. I did not see the necessity for questioning Sergeant Haig about that before the magistrate. The books have been on my desk ever since. I did send a post
<lb/>dated cheque to Messrs. Reitmeyer which was not met. The letter of June 28 is not in my writing—I should say it was written by Mews. Exhibit 12 may have been written by Bliss; it was not dictated by me. In regard to Exhibit 16, I should feel inclined to deny that Bliss typed it from my dictation I wont say that Bliss invented such a story. I have no recollection of doing it. I don't see why I should turn round and swear. I should like to see the letter that would make me dictate that. (Letter pat.) I never heard about this when before the magistrate—I do not remem
<lb/>ber it. I swear that the letter Exhibit 15 wm not in my pocket when I was arrested. I had a bundle of letters and orders on me at the time, which I notice have not been brought forward. I do not re
<lb/>member the letter which saw: "We do not know the whereabouts of the Freeman Bros.; we should like to know ourselves; if we are successful in finding them we will advise you, but we are afraid they are worthless." I know nothing aibout Herman Road. The print
<lb/>ing on the letter Exhibit 16 was done in my brother's time, and was continued when I went back to the business. It began to be used in June, 1906. The origin of the "Herman Road" address was when a member of the family (Leslie Freeman) had business premises in Bowles Road; there was some printing done there, and that is how the name came to be used. The C.S. Chemical, etc., Company never</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190707220040"/>
<p>had factories or warehouses in Herman Road. My brother had the dealings with Bordeaux; I have none of it on me. The business was done with a man named Cordew (?). I remember the ordering of eight carboys from Messrs. Windschuegl. I have no recollection of anyone calling for payment. I should say my conduct in regard to the mission hall was not honest; I did a very, very foolish act in giving myself as a reference, and why I did it I cannot say, but I humbly apologise for my misconduct, and if I had known it would have placed me in this position to-day I would rather not have taken the place, or given the rent in advance. I must have been been off my head at the time to have done it. Mr. Reuter was not a member of the firm, and I thought it was perfectly right for him to give a refer
<lb/>ence, if he thought the firm was worthy of a reference. I wrote the letter giving the names of the references. I did not arrange with Reuter that he should give a reference. I took the name Archdale because I did not want to bring the name Freeman into it; they would have known directly that it was a member of the firm. It is untrue that I told Mr. Mills's carman that Mr. Freeman was out, but that he would be back before he finished loading. I opened the letter from Mr. Mills. I understood that the carman would leave the goods but not the crates. I told the carman that Mr. Reuter had gone to Catford, but would be back before he (the carman) left. The carman left the goods at his discretion. I may have told him that I was the manager in the yard; so I was. The carman did not say that the goods were "cash on delivery," and that he could not leave the bottles without the money. I did not hear him ask Reuter if the cheque was in the envelope, nor can I say that Reuter said it was. The dishonoured cheque to Reitimeyer was drawn on the London and County Bank, Margate. I have no doubt there were other dishonoured cheques. I never heard that Miss Sopp was en
<lb/>gaged to Leslie Freeman. They were well known to each other. I do not know what Miss Sopp's interest in the business was. She never got anything out of it. She used to come on Saturday, and went into the question of who was to be kept on and who was to go. When I took it over in January my first step was to give Mrs. Pea
<lb/>cock and others notice. The agreements of November 13 (produced) is in Miss Sopp's and Leslie's writing.</p>
<p>Re-examined. The agreement of November 16 is between Miss Sopp and myself, that I should be taken on as minager.</p>
<p>To Reuter. You were kept on as traveller when I became manager. On Saturdays you did no travelling, and sometimes gave us a little a sistance in the office work. You answered letters from Messrs. Betts and Mr. Hanson at our request. You were also instructed to buy acid from Windschuegl and bottles from Mills. You were nothing but a servant, and knew nothing of the private arrangements that we made.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-159" type="surname" value="FREEMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-159" type="given" value="LESLIE"/>LESLIE FREEMAN</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). Prior to March, 1905, I had premises in Herman Road; the front entrance was in that road and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190707220041"/>
<p>the back entrance in Bowles Road. At that time I had tome paper printed. "Common Sense Chemical Company," lithographed. The heading produced is the one altered in June, 1906 to the "C.S. Chemi
<lb/>cal Company." This has been cut out and printed in; the other was lithographed. In June, 1906, we had no premises in Herman Road; they were given up in 1904. The same printer did the printing on the paper, and I asked him about making a new plate. I do not know whether it was £2, £3, or £4 he said it would cost, but he said it could be cut out for 15s. and put in in type instead of being litho-graphed; the same plate would be used, but the price would be much less, so I had that done. I told him to put on "Trading at Freeman and Co"; that is printed also, instead of lithographed. That is the explanation of why "Factories and warehouses, Herman Road," is kept on. When I had the premises in 1904 in Herman and Bowles Road the upstairs was used as a bottling room, which opened into Herman Road. The downstairs was used as a warehouse, which opened into Bowles Road. I had that address lithographed and it taken £4, as far as I remember. The Queen's Road offices were not taken by me till June, 1906. I daresay if I had told the printer to fit out "Factories and warehouses, Herman Road," he would have charged more. When I went to Queen's Road in June, 1906, my eldest brother had taken the premises with the idea of my younger brother starting business there with hit family, the former to be re
<lb/>sponsible for the rent and to finance hit brother as far at he felt in
<lb/>clined to. In June, 1905, I was simply a lodger there. My mother took the room. I paid 5s. a week and left there every morning to my employment, returning about eight o'clock in the evening. That went on till August, 1905. Then I finished my employment and used to help my brother. In June, 1906, I bought the business entirely, and added the C.S. Chemical Company line to it. I was not the owner at all in 1905. It was first called Freeman's Vinegar Com
<lb/>pany in December, 1905, when Mr. Reuter came. I have had nothing to do with the business since November, 1906. I had a banking ac
<lb/>count up to that time. I have had dealings with Reitmeyer. The £10 8s. 4d. balance was my brother's account. I have paid them something between £40 and £50 in cheques and cash. It was I who went to Mr. Hanson's house. A little girl about 14 opened the door. She fetched her father, who said that he made shives. He took me into the sitting-room, and I told him what I wanted. He brought me up a handful of shives. He said he only made them to order. Meanwhile I noticed some tram tickets on the table and asked him what they were for. He said, "My kids are collecting them, hoping to get a lucky number." I remembered the conversation because I wondered what he meant by the lucky number. He asked me where I had been buying shives, and said he could do them much cheaper. I did not altogether believe it, because his were made of deal and the others are made of American white wood, etc. I had one lot from him and round they did not answer, so I did not have any more shives, but I had some cork rings from him. Neither my brother</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190707220042"/>
<p>nor Reuter has been to his place. The carman went, I think, two or three times. In regard to the capsuling machine, my brother in his time used to put the capsules on, but I could not do it, so engaged a girl when he went away, and she could not do it, so I decided to have a capsuling machine. I asked the carman to inquire about one at Betts', and Betts said they would send one down on approval. About three days after they sent one, price 45s. It answered for quarts and pints, but not half-pints. An elderly man came to see it, and he said they would send some accessories. They would be 12s. or 15s. He came a week after that, and I said, "If you have got the account I will pay you." He said, "No, I haven't got the account; it will come in the usual way from the firm. You can send me a cheque or pay me next time I am this way." I have never seen him since. The bill came in five days after I left. We had seven travellers in my time—five in town, two in the country. Mr. Reuter did the most. He did about 40 barrels a week. When I left there were 700 casks out in London, and our output was about £20 a week—£10 to £20. We had about 300 customers altogether. The first three books that have been produced were used in my time; the others since. In the first month of our vinegar trade we did about £3 12s.; afterwards it varied; it would be £10 or £20 according to winter or summer. In May I advertised for a partner, as I could pet get a living wage as manager, and my brother would not take me as partner with him. A man came to me at the end of June. I explained the circumstances to him, and he said, "We must buy your brother's interest out or start in opposition." We agreed to pay my brother £10, and he was going to another firm, but before paying him we suspected he was going to introduce the vinegar to his firm, so we agreed to pay him 10s. a week. The ledger produced has not been made up from the day book in my time. The London busi
<lb/>ness was Chiefly cash, and the country credit. The house agency business was practically dropped when my brother left in June. I had very little to do with it. I was as a rule outside looking after the vinegar marking or writing letters.</p>
<p>(Thursday, July 25.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-160" type="surname" value="FREEMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-160" type="given" value="LESLIE"/>LESLIE FREEMAN</persName> </hi>, recalled. Cross-examined. The firm of "Free
<lb/>man and Co., wholesale merchants and universal providers," was my oldest brother, William, and Hewan, not I. William did take some part in it beyond taking the premises. In June or July, 1906, when I bought Hewan's interest. William wrote to me, saying that Hewan had no right to dispose of it, and that my interest in the business was exactly the same as before until I had seen him. I ordered the green lithographed circular of the C. S. Chemical Company about June, 1906. I had had some by me since 1904. We did not have a house at Bordeaux. I wrote to a Mr. Cordew, sen., to ask him about Orleans vinegar, also what arrangement we could make with him. The arrangement was that we were to represent his vinegar in Eng
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190707220043"/>
<p>£25 worth at a time was to come over. Mr. Cordew died in 1904. This arrangement was in 1904. In 1906 I wrote to Mr. Cordew, jun., and he sent me a sample from Boulogne, I think. I udentood he had moved from Bordeaux to Boulogne. His price was too high, and the arrangement was never made. As the plate was lithographed, it has always remained the same since 1904. That is the explanation of "London and Bordeaux." I did not think it necessary to have it altered, as it would cost something like £4. When I said that my father "died yesterday" in the letter of 1906 that was a falsehood. The letter of July 2 to Reitmeyers would be dictated by me. It was true that I had nothing to do with the late firm. W. and H. Freeman. We had bought them out. The address given of W. Freeman was the only one I knew of. I did not know whether he was living there. In regard to the phrase in the letter, "We have the means of finding him out, and for reasons of our own we are going to"; that referred to H. Freeman, who had signed an agree
<lb/>ment that he would have nothing to do with vinegars, and then we food he was inquiring of our cooper the price of casks, so I was de
<lb/>termined to find his address to know whether he meant starting with vinegar or not. I did find his address, but I did not send it to Reitmeyers. I had no connection with them after July. I paid Wil
<lb/>liam Freeman £10 and released him from the lesse and all connected with it. The purchasers of the new business were C. Sopp and A. Fraser, not C. Fraser. There was not an L. Fraser; that is evi
<lb/>dently meant for myself, L. Freeman. It must be a clerical error. I meant it for L. Freeman. Miss Sopp had let me have money, before October 16, not on account of purchasing the business, but she had an interest in it as long as she advanced the money. In reference to the £50 which she advanced she has never asked for it back. I have had letters from her up to three days ago. When I wrote the letter to Reitmeyers I had only three carboys of theirs, which I wanted credit for.</p>
<p>Re-examined. The case produced is the one in which the vinegar was sent from France. The writing on it is in French. I have been a personal friend of Miss Sopp for a long time. Mr. Fraser paid me £46 6s. on account of the partnership. The receipts produced for £30 I gave him. Mr. Fraser is on good terms with me now. The reason he did not become a partner was that he could not find the rest of the money. The letters produced, both dated June 15, 1906, are in the respective handwriting of Hewan and myself, agreeing to the transfer of the business from him to me.</p>
<p>To Reuter. You were in my employment as traveller, and nothing more. You never did any clerical work for me, and always kept to the public side of the counter in my time. You never drove a horse and van for me, nor had anything to do with our internal business, as to what has come to light. In the last month of my connection with the business I paid away cheques amounting to £85 to settle up ac
<lb/>counts, and there was more than enough to pay the bills of £3 and 14s. if they had come in.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190707220044"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-161" type="surname" value="REUTER"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-161" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT REUTER</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I went into the employment of Freeman's Vinegar Company in December, 1905; before that I was travelling for the Anglo-French Vinegar Company. In the early part of 1905 we had in inquiry from Freeman's, and I called upon them, the result of which was that we did business with them. In December I had trouble with my firm and left them. I approached Messrs. Freeman, as previously Leslie Freeman had told me he wished he had a traveller like me. That is how I joined them. I was en
<lb/>gaged at 10s. a week, with 15 per cent, commission. The proprietor Was introduced to me as William Freeman, whom I only saw once be-fore I joined them, when I was trying to sell them a larger parcel than usual. At the end of May or beginning of June Leslie told me he had come into sole control of the business. I had often before that asked him to lend me money on account, but he said he could not as he was not proprietor, but he did so privately. When he took the business over he reduced my salary to 5s. a week. I may say I have a large connection of customers and have sold a large quantity of vinegar. I had nothing to do with Any internal arrangements did no clerical work, and drove no horse and van. In November I was introduced to Miss Sopp, who was going to purchase, the business, and I was asked to witness an agreement changing over the business, and I saw the money pass. Then Mr. Hewan became manager, and I received my instructions from him. I saw Miss Sopp at week-ends once or twice. Hewan showed me a letter from Messrs. Betts' asking for payment for a capsuling machine, and he asked me to write as he was busy, it being a Saturday and I had no travelling to do. He explained that this was a purchase before Miss Sopp had the business, which had not been paid for, and would I write to repudiate it for him, so I wrote the letter. Afterwards he told me somebody had called from Betts' and wanted to see the writer, so Hewan asked me to write again and say I was out, and I wrote a second letter explain
<lb/>ing. Then a summons came from Hanson for corks. I have never seen him before. I do not know his place nor where it is I think he is mixing me up with the carman. Then Hanson came, and the same thing was explained to him—that Miss Sopp was not respon
<lb/>sible. I wrote and told him so. Then we were getting busy with the bottling season, and it was difficult to buy vinegar bottles cheap. I tried one or two places, and was recommended to Mr. Mills. I gave him an order for bottles, saying he was to apply to Messrs. Freeman. I have never in my connection with 373, Queen's Road been anything but a traveller for the firm—simply a servant.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I knew nothing of any fraudulent business. The letters (produced) were written by me on instructions. I forgot about the mission hall. When Hewan said he was taking a new place at a reduced rental, he asked me to give a reference. Well, I was his servant; it was difficult to refuse, and I had no idea but what he would be a good tenant. I understood Queen's Road was to be given up and the goods removed as time afforded. The van was used in the middle of the day for the business, so to save expense the goods</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190707220045"/>
<p>were taken by degrees in the evening to Wandsworth. I deny that goods from Mills were to be cash on delivery. The letter given to the carman on May 3 was written by me. He was not told there was a cheque in it. No man would be insane enough to tell, a carman there was a cheque in the envelope; and, besides, I would not have it him without a receipt. I had been to Catford collecting an account, and I was going on to Wimbledon, so had no time to stay. I said I would write to Mills, and have a chat about it the next morning—that would be Saturday. Next morning I had to go to Mother firm whom I represented, to collect my money, and in the meantime Mills called at Queen's Road. "Your carman arrived too late from Mr. Freeman" was not true. Mr. Freeman was there; but I had not time to explain in the letter. In writing, "Will bring you cheque, £9 8s., to-morrow morning," I thought I might induce Mr. Freeman to give me a cheque, but when I told him it was a month's credit, he put it back and said he would not pay. Nothing for more was heard from Mills till the detective arrested me; and I con
<lb/>cluded that Mills had accepted the condition on which I bought the bottles.</p>
<p>Verdict, each prisoner,
<rs id="t19070722-32-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-32-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-32-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.
<rs id="t19070722-32-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-32-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-32-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>Reuter recommended to mercy</rs>. Two previous convictions were proved against Leslie Freeman, one for receiving, six months; the other for stealing, nine months, Reuter had been convicted 10 years ago, with a short term of im
<lb/>prisonment. Prisoners had been well educated.</p>
<p>Sentences: Leslie Freeman,
<rs id="t19070722-32-punishment-37" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-32-punishment-37" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-32-punishment-37" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-32-19070722 t19070722-32-punishment-37"/> Nine months' hard labour</rs>; Hewan Freeman,
<rs id="t19070722-32-punishment-38" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-32-punishment-38" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-32-punishment-38" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-32-19070722 t19070722-32-punishment-38"/>Six months hard labour;</rs> Albert Reuter,
<rs id="t19070722-32-punishment-39" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-32-punishment-39" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-32-punishment-39" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-32-19070722 t19070722-32-punishment-39"/>Four months' hard labour.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE MR</hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUSTICE DARLING</hi>.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, July 24.)</p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">ROGERS</hi>, Charles Henry</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-33-19070722" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-33-19070722" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-33-19070722" type="surname" value="LUCAS"/>
<interp inst="def2-33-19070722" type="given" value="JESSIE ELIZABETH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LUCAS</hi>, Jessie Elizabeth</persName>, were in
<rs id="t19070722-33-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-33-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-33-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>and charged on coroner's inquisition with the manslaughter of
<persName id="t19070722-name-164" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-164" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-164" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-164" type="occupation" value="ostler"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-33-offence-1 t19070722-name-164"/>John Smith</persName>.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19070722-33-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-33-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-33-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Mr. Arthur Gill and Mr. Graham-Campbell prosecuted; Mr. Arnold Ward, at the request of the Court, defended Lucas; Mr. Bornie appeared for Rogers.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-165" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-165" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-165" type="surname" value="BARBER"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-165" type="given" value="AMELIA"/>AMELIA BARBER</persName> </hi>, 41, Northdown Street, Islington. The prisoner Lucas lived with deceased at my house in the name of Mr. and Mrs. Rogers. The prisoner Rogers, who is her brother, called about a month before the death, and said, "How does that man treat my sister?" I said, "Very well, as far as I know." He said, "Oh, he has been knocking her about, and a fortnight ago she came up to me with a black eye that he had given her. I have cautioned him that if he ever raises his hand Don my sister again he is a dead</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190707220046"/>
<p>man; I will kill him, leave him stone dead." The female prisoner put her arms round her brother's neck, kissed him, and said, "He deserves it, Charlie." Deceased and prisoner continued living in my house until June 16. He did not knock her about as far as I knew—I saw nothing of it. I believe she had a black eye, hut she did not come down into the kitchen, and I am an invalid—I did not see her. On June 16, at 6.40 a.m., I heard deceased persuading her to go upstairs. She said she would not go, but she intended to follow him. He made some remark concerning her face. She said, "I am not ashamed of my face if you are, and I am going to follow you, and the first copper I meet I will have you charged." They both went out together. I did not hear what he said about her face.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I never saw deceased ill-treat prisoner or hear it said by the neighbours.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-166" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-166" type="surname" value="SHEARS"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-166" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE SHEARS</persName> </hi>, 41, Northdown Street. I live in the same house as the prisoners. On Saturday, June 15, at about 10 p.m., Lucas spoke to me. Deceased hit her in the mouth and on the cheek with his clenched fist. He said, "Hullo, mashing a builder."</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I had not seen him knock her about before.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-167" type="surname" value="WILLISMAS"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-167" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR WILLISMAS</persName> </hi>, 18, Northdown Street, horsekeeper. On June 16, at 1.35 p.m., I was in the "Albion" public-house with a number of other persons, including the deceased. Prisoners and another man came in just before two p.m. Lucas said to deceased that she had fetched her brother to give him a good hiding. Her face and lip were discoloured on the left tide. Smith said nothing. Rogers said, "What did you come round to my house last night for, you f—bastard? I am a good mind to put your light out." De
<lb/>ceased said, "I wish for no trouble," walked away to the corner of the bar, called for a packet of cigarettes, and lit one. Rogers lifted his right hand and said, "If I was to put that across your snitch and (raising his left hand) were to hit you with this one it would put your light out." Lucas said, "When we return you may have your jaw broken and a few ribs broken, and then you can go to the hospital and rot, you old b——," Prisoners went out at about two and re
<lb/>turned again at 2.30 or 2.40 p.m. Smith was sitting down Rogers walked deliberately up to him, saying, "You are still here, Mr. f—Smith. I am a good mind to out you," and, raising his right hand, he caught him on the left point of the jaw. Deceased fell on to a man's shoulder who was sitting on the seat with him, and Rogers hit him with the left hand. I did not hear Lucas say anything. Rogers walked to the door, turned round, and said, "You have got it, you old bleeder," and went away. I went across to deceased, got water and bathed his forehead, He did not speak or move until the doctor arrived.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Litton and Bell were both present. Lucas spoke distinctly. I swear she said. "I have been to fetch my brother to give you a good hiding," not, "It would serve you right if my brother gave you a good hiding."</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190707220047"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-168" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-168" type="surname" value="LITTON"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-168" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD LITTON</persName> </hi>, 8, Railway Street, King's Cross. I was in the "Albion" five minutes before deceased was struck. I heard nothing said by Lucas.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-169" type="surname" value="BELL"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-169" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR BELL</persName> </hi>, 30, Red Lion Square. On June 16, at two p.m., I saw the prisoners come into the "Albion." Rogers said, "What did you go round to Mrs. Leonard last night for?" I did not hear Lucas say anything.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I was present at the earlier visit of the prisoners. I did not hear Lucas say, "I have been to fetch my brother to give you a good hiding," nor, "When we return you may have your jaw broken and some ribs." I was two or three yards from her in the same bar. I was not taking much notice. I heard Rogers make some re
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-170" type="surname" value="CAUNTER,"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-170" type="given" value="RICHARD LAWRENCE"/>RICHARD LAWRENCE CAUNTER, M.D</persName> </hi>. On June 16 I was called to the "Albion" at 3.15 p.m., and found the body of deceased lying on a bench in the tap room. He was quite dead. There were marks, of injury to the lips and on the angle of the left jaw. The blow on the angle of the left jaw was the cause of death, from hemorrhage and pressure on the nerve. I saw Lucas at 10.50 p.m. at King's Cross Police Station. She had a cut on the inner surface of the upper lip, a food deal of swelling on both lips and the left cheek, and a small bruise on the upper part of the left arm. She said she had taken her brother to this public-house for the purpose of giving the deceased man a hiding.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner made that statement before I examined her. She told me Smith had given her those injuries. She was per
<lb/>fectly sober, but rather excited. I think she quite understood what she was saying.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ANDREW KING</hi>, G Division. On June 16, at 7.30 p.m., I went with Sergeant Selby to 41, Northdown Street, Islington, and saw Lucas. I said, "We are police officers. Is your name Smith?" She said, "No, my name is Rogers, but I am living with a man named Smith." I said, "You will have to come to the station in connection with him "She replied, "There is to be trouble here. Let me get a rasor and I will finish it." She went towards the mantelpiece. I re
<lb/>straned her, and afterwards took her to King's Cross Police Station. I then told her she would be accused with her brother of causing the death of John Smith. She replied, "You do not mean to say he is dead. He had bean knocking me about all night, and I went with my brother to fight him. He only got one blow; he cannot be deed." I afterwards charged her, and she made no reply.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. She was in a very excited condition certainly. I could not say she was distracted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-171" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-171" type="surname" value="LUCAS"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-171" type="given" value="JESSIE ELIZABETH"/>JESSIE ELIZABETH LUCAS</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I have lived with de
<lb/>ceased for about four years. He was an ostler. I have gone in fear my life for these last three years from this man. I had one dear little child which he said was not his, but it was, and I should</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190707220048"/>
<p>have had two other children, but he has been so brutal to me that I have never been able to carry them. I have had my ribs fractured by his ill-treatment—by his striking me. We lived at 41, Fulford Street, and while there he stayed at home three days and treated me himself. I went a long time if I went a month without blows. He struck me every Saturday. He was not a man that drank to show it but he drank to an extent. On Friday night, June 15, the row started, and he beat me. On the Saturday I sent my little boy to meet him coming from work and went and had a drink at a public-house opposite his place. We came home on the tram. As we passed the butcher, whom I have dealt with ever since I have lived in the street—and I have always been a jolly sort of girl—I said, "Hullo, butcher!" I had no sooner said that than I got two blows one after another. I ran and called "Murder!" and went into the arms of two police officers. They said, "My good woman, go home; he can't shut you out. If he hits you any more I will take him in charge." With that we walked up the street, and the policeman walked away. My witness, who is outside, helped me to go in and spoke to deceased. He said, "I wish you to take my davey that I will give that cow a good hiding. I do not intend her to come in any more." I have been in the hospital eight days for the injury done to my face by his striking me. On Sunday at dinner time I met my brother by pure accident as I was going to get myself a drink of beer. He said, "Hullo, old girl, you have got it again." I said, "No, I have the toothache." He said, "That is no faceache. Has that wretch been knocking you about again?" I said, "Charlie, I am nearly off my head. I wish I was dead. It has been going on from Friday night till this morning. I have a bruise on my arm which I got at six o'clock." He said, "Girl, why don't you lock him up? If there is any more of it you go with my wife to-morrow morning and have him locked up." My brother took me away once and let me live with him. On June 16 we went into a little public-house—the "Charles I."—and my brother said, "Never mind, cheer up." and we had a drink with a friend of his. I said, "I must be going, be
<lb/>cause he will only come after me, and there will be a row." He said, "You stay where you are, you are all right with me." So I stayed, and while we were there Smith looked in the window, and before I could say "Here he is," he looked in the door and said, "You f—thing." My brother said, "You have caught her with the wrong one. You know me." I had left Smith in bed with my little boy, and he had come to look for me. My brother said, "What were you rowing about in my house?" One word brought up another, and my brother said, "What do you mean by following her about? Are not you satisfied with what you, have done?" Smith turned round and said, "The next time I see the f—cow I will give it her." He put his hand up as if to put his fingers up my brothers nose. Then the gentleman in the bar asked us not to have a row. Smith went out. We finished our drink and went out after. I said, "Charlie, let us go home." He said, "We will go a little further down," and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190707220049"/>
<p>we went into the unfortunate public-house, the "Albion," and there stood Smith. He had got there before us. I did not take my brother there to give Smith a hiding. My brother only said to him, "Smith, be a man, fight a man, not a crushed woman. Do not you think you have done enough to her?" When we went in the first time I did not say, "I have been to fetch my brother to give you a good hiding," or that "When we return you may have your jaw broken and some ribs broken, and then you can go into hospital and rot." I said as I went outside the door, "That just serves you right, my gentleman." I never spoke another word, either the first or second time.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have had great provocation. I was very excit
<lb/>able. I have always pictured my death at this man's hands. He has said to me, "I would never go behind iron bars for you, I would watch you slowly die." Mrs. Barber has a grudge against me because I told her a certain party was keeping a loose house. My brother said to her, "It is a pity he did not have her when she was 17, for she could give him a good hiding." My brother taught me to box as a girl. On June 15 he had treated me very badly, had knocked me down in the street, and had assaulted me in the night, and I had screamed, but we live at the top of the house and nobody came. The next morning I said I would give him into custody and followed him out with that intention, but he walked me round and round, and I found I had no hat on, and I was ashamed to walk any further in that way, so came home. I did not charge him. I did not know Smith was in the "Albion"; when we found he was there we walked out not to have a quarrel. When we went in afterwards I did not see him until my brother had struck him and I saw his mouth bleeding. What Mrs. Barber says is untrue. Williams's statement is quite un
<lb/>trae. I do not remember telling Inspector King what he says. I do not remember what I said to the doctor. My brother and I did not go to the "Albion" to fight Smith.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I was in a thoroughly excited condition when I saw the doctor and Inspector King.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-172" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-172" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-172" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR WILLIAMS</persName> </hi>, recalled. I am quite sure as to what I heard said in the "Albion."</p>
<rs id="t19070722-33-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-33-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-33-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>Guilty, under great provocation, with the strongest re
<lb/>commendation to mercy.</rs> </p>
<p>It was admitted that Rogers bore a very good character.</p>
<p>Mr. Justice Darling said it was very creditable to the jury (though not exceptional in this country, and especially in this Court) that they should have returned an honest verdict upon the facts, a ver
<lb/>dict most painful for them to return, looking at the great provoca
<lb/>tion. He should give effect to the recommendation of the jury as to Lucas, and, having regard to Rogers's excellent character, he should treat the recommendation as extending to Rogers also. Sen
<lb/>tence, each prisoner,
<rs id="t19070722-33-punishment-40" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-33-punishment-40" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-33-punishment-40" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-19070722 t19070722-33-punishment-40"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-33-19070722 t19070722-33-punishment-40"/>three days' imprisonment (entitling them to be at once discharged).</rs> </p> </div1>
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<persName id="def1-34-19070722" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-34-19070722" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19070722" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19070722" type="surname" value="SAUNDERS"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19070722" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19070722" type="occupation" value="scalemaker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SAUNDERS</hi>, Henry (32, scalemaker)</persName>
<rs id="t19070722-34-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-34-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-34-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>; carnally knowing
<persName id="t19070722-name-174" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-174" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-174" type="age" value="under 13"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-174" type="surname" value="LYONS"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-174" type="given" value="ALICE MARY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-34-offence-1 t19070722-name-174"/>Alice Mary Lyons</persName>, a girl under the age of 13 years.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Clarke Hall prosecuted; Mr. Curtis-Bennett defended.</p>
<p>The Judge directed the jury that there was no evidence of carnal knowledge.</p>
<rs id="t19070722-34-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-34-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-34-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>Guilty of indecent assault.</rs> Sentence,
<rs id="t19070722-34-punishment-41" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-34-punishment-41" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-34-punishment-41" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-34-19070722 t19070722-34-punishment-41"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RECORDER</hi>.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, July 24.)</p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">ROWE</hi>, Harry (20, bricklayer)</persName>
<rs id="t19070722-35-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-35-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-35-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19070722-35-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-35-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-35-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, to feloniously and maliciously wounding
<persName id="t19070722-name-176" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-176" type="surname" value="HAM"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-176" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-176" type="occupation" value="police constable"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-35-offence-1 t19070722-name-176"/>Samuel Ham</persName>, with intent to do him some grievous bodily harm, and with intent to resist lawful apprehension.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Arthur Gill prosecuted.</p>
<p>On the early morning of Sunday, July 7, prisoner was creating a disturbance in York Road, Battersea, and was taken into custody Samuel by Inspector Davis, who, with the assistance of Constable Samuel Ham, proceeded to take him to the station. A crowd of roughs, numbering, it is estimated, 300, assembled, and prisoner, encouraged by the presence of those who are presumed to be his friends, offered violent resistance, and the constable being thrown to the ground, kicked him in a part where a kick is dangerous. When Constable Ham was afterwards seen at the station his face was ashen grey and he was obviously in great agony, and in consequence of the injury there is a tendency to rupture, rendering it necessary for a truss to be worn. Constables who assisted were struck with stones. Pre
<lb/>vious convictions were proved.</p>
<rs id="t19070722-35-punishment-42" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-35-punishment-42" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-35-punishment-42" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-35-19070722 t19070722-35-punishment-42"/>20 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">SPEAREN</hi>, Robert Charles (24, porter)</persName>
<rs id="t19070722-36-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-36-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-36-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19070722-36-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-36-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-36-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>,to com
<lb/>mitting an act of gross indecency with
<persName id="t19070722-name-178" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-178" type="surname" value="BUTTON"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-178" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-36-offence-1 t19070722-name-178"/>John Button</persName>, but said his mind was blank as to what occurred.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Clarke Hall prosecuted; Mr. W. B. Campbell defended.</p>
<p>Mr. Campbell raised the defence that prisoner, a man of excellent character, at the time of committing the act was in such a state of mental alienation owing to an accident as not to be responsible, but admitted that there was no evidence on which the jury could be asked to say that he was insane.</p>
<p>The Recorder observed that on the depositions the evidence was all the other way. He did not think he could go into the medical ques
<lb/>tion, but as an alternative to ordering prisoner to be detained during His Majesty's pleasure would put the case back till next Sessions in order that prisoner might be under the observation of Dr. Scott.</p>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-36-19070722 t19070722-36-punishment-43"/>Judgment respited to next Sessions.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070722-37-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-37-19070722 t19070722-37-offence-1 t19070722-37-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190707220051"/>
<persName id="def1-37-19070722" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-37-19070722" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19070722" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19070722" type="surname" value="ILLINGWORTH"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19070722" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19070722" type="occupation" value="milkman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ILLINGWORTH</hi>, Ernest (26, milkman)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-37-19070722" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-37-19070722" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-37-19070722" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="def2-37-19070722" type="surname" value="COLLIS"/>
<interp inst="def2-37-19070722" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def2-37-19070722" type="occupation" value="errand boy"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COLLIS</hi>, William (16, errand boy)</persName>
<rs id="t19070722-37-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-37-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-37-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>; Illingworth committing an act of gross indecency with
<persName id="t19070722-name-181" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-181" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-181" type="surname" value="COLLIS"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-181" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-37-offence-1 t19070722-name-181"/>William Collis</persName>; Collis committing an act of gross indecency with
<persName id="t19070722-name-182" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-182" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-182" type="surname" value="ILLINGWORTH"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-182" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-37-offence-1 t19070722-name-182"/>Ernest Illingworth</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Drysdale Woodcock prosecuted; Mr. Curtis-Bennett defended.</p>
<p>Verdict, both
<rs id="t19070722-37-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-37-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-37-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/> Guilty</rs>. Sentences, Illingworth,
<rs id="t19070722-37-punishment-44" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-37-punishment-44" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-37-punishment-44" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-37-19070722 t19070722-37-punishment-44"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>; Collis,
<rs id="t19070722-37-punishment-45" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-37-punishment-45" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-37-punishment-45" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-37-19070722 t19070722-37-punishment-45"/>six months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070722-38">
<interp inst="t19070722-38" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070722"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-38" type="date" value="19070722"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070722-38-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-38-19070722 t19070722-38-offence-1 t19070722-38-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070722-38-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-38-19070722 t19070722-38-offence-2 t19070722-38-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-38-19070722" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-38-19070722" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19070722" type="age" value="46"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19070722" type="surname" value="LEVESON"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19070722" type="given" value="EDWARD JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19070722" type="occupation" value="stockbroker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LEVESON</hi>, Edward John (46, stockbroker)</persName>, said
<persName id="def2-38-19070722" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-38-19070722" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-38-19070722" type="age" value="43"/>
<interp inst="def2-38-19070722" type="surname" value="COOKE"/>
<interp inst="def2-38-19070722" type="given" value="PAULIN COTTON"/>
<interp inst="def2-38-19070722" type="occupation" value="stockbroker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COOKE</hi>, Paulin Cotton (43, stockbroker)</persName>
<rs id="t19070722-38-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-38-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-38-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19070722-38-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-38-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-38-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, to both having been en-trusted by
<persName id="t19070722-name-185" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-185" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-185" type="surname" value="HARVEY"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-185" type="given" value="HENRY ALFRED"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-38-offence-1 t19070722-name-185"/>Henry Alfred Harvey</persName> with certain property, to wit, an order with for the payment of £314 6s., in order that he might apply the same for a certain purpose, did fraudulently convert the same and let proceeds thereof to the use and benefit of a certain other person of the firm of Starkey, Leveson and Cooke; Cooke having been en
<lb/>trusted by
<persName id="t19070722-name-186" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-186" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-186" type="surname" value="JUPP"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-186" type="given" value="CHARLES STEDMAN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-38-offence-1 t19070722-name-186"/>Charles Stedman Jupp</persName> with certain property, to wit, an trier for the payment of £103 10s. in order that he might apply the the same for a certain purpose, did fraudulently convert the same and that proceeds thereof to the use and benefit of the the firm of Starkey, Leveson, and Cooke. Leveson having been en
<lb/>trusted by
<persName id="t19070722-name-187" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-187" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-187" type="surname" value="BRAMWELL"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-187" type="given" value="ADDISON"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-38-offence-1 t19070722-name-187"/>Addison Bramwell</persName> with certain property, to wit, an order for the payment of £1, 451 6s., in order that he might apply the same for a certain purpose, did fradulently convert the pro
<lb/>ceeds thereof to the use and benefit of a certain other person of the firm of Starkey, Leveson and cooke. Leveson having been en
<lb/>trusted by
<persName id="t19070722-name-188" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-188" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-188" type="surname" value="ATKINS"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-188" type="given" value="PERCY COLOQUHON"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-38-offence-1 t19070722-name-188"/>Percy Coloquhon Atkins</persName> with certain property, to wit, orders for the payment of £1,000 and £1,259 1s. 4d. respectively, is order that he might apply the same for a certain purpose, did fraudulently convert the same and a part of the proceeds thereof to the use and benefit of a certain other person of the firm of Starkey, Leveson, and Cooke.</rs> </p>
<p>Sir Charles Mathews and Mr. Bodkin prosecuted; Mr. George Elliott appeared for Leveson; and Mr. F. E. Smith, M.P., for Cooke.</p>
<p>The charges against prisoners, Sir Charles Mathews stated, were many in number and large in amount. Four were framed upon the first section of the Larceny Act of 1901, and the indictment was that prisoners converted to their own use different sums of money and different valuable securities consisting of debenture stock, annuity bonds and Government stock. The firm of Starkey, Leveson, and Cooke was formed in 1892, but after 1906 Starkey took no part in the conduct of its affairs, and prisoners had control of the business. By the early part of this year they had got into terrible financial difficulties, and on June 6 attended the office for the last time. On June 7 they were "hammered" by the Stock Exchange. On June 27 a receiving order in bankruptcy was made against them, followed on July 6 by warrants, to which prisoners voluntarily surrendered. Up to the date of the trial there had not been time to investigate the bankrupts' affairs, but proofs in respect of moneys or securities en
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190707220052"/>
<p>by clients to prisoners, amounting to £100,675, had been lodged, and it is estimated that to that sum will be added another £100,000 before the full amount of the liabilities is reached.</p>
<p>The Recorder asked what had become of all this money. Had it been lost in speculative accounts?</p>
<p>Sir Charles Mathews said he had no information.</p>
<p>Sentence, each prisoner,
<rs id="t19070722-38-punishment-46" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-38-punishment-46" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-38-punishment-46" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-38-19070722 t19070722-38-punishment-46"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-38-19070722 t19070722-38-punishment-46"/>Five years' penal servitude</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070722-39">
<interp inst="t19070722-39" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070722"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-39" type="date" value="19070722"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070722-39-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-39-19070722 t19070722-39-offence-1 t19070722-39-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-39-19070722" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-39-19070722" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19070722" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19070722" type="surname" value="NOLAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19070722" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19070722" type="occupation" value="painter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NOLAN</hi>, Patrick (28, painter)</persName>
<rs id="t19070722-39-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-39-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-39-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>; stealing a pair of boots, the pro
<lb/>perty of
<persName id="t19070722-name-190" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-190" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-190" type="surname" value="BOTTRILL"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-190" type="given" value="WILFRED JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-190" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-39-offence-1 t19070722-name-190"/>Wilfred Joseph Bottrill</persName>, a pair of boots, the property of
<persName id="t19070722-name-191" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-191" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-191" type="surname" value="BOTTRILL"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-191" type="given" value="PERCY CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-39-offence-1 t19070722-name-191"/>Percy Charles Bottrill</persName>, and a pair of shoes and other articles, and the sum of 12s. 6d., the goods and moneys of
<persName id="t19070722-name-192" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-192" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-192" type="surname" value="BOTTRILL"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-192" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-39-offence-1 t19070722-name-192"/>Henry Bottrill</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. M.G. Fleming prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-193" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-193" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-193" type="surname" value="BOTTRILL"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-193" type="given" value="WILFRED JOSEPH"/>WILFRED JOSEPH BOTTRILL</persName> </hi>, clerk. I live with my parents at 89, Victoria Park Road. On the evening of July 3 I came in at about quarter to 10. The pair of boots which was stolen had come back from the mender early that day. I saw them that day. When I came down the following (Thursday) morning the boots were nowhere to be found, and several other things were missing—bacon, butter, and sugar, and 12s. 6d. in money. Entrance had been effected through the back lavatory window. My boots have not been re
<lb/>covered, but I saw a pair of my brother's at the police station the following Saturday.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070722-name-194" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-194" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-194" type="surname" value="BOTTRILL"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-194" type="given" value="PERCY CHARLES"/>PERCY CHARLES BOTTRILL</persName> </hi>, brother of last witness, identified his boots, which he last saw safe on the evening of Wednesday, July 3 about seven o'clock.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALBERT HANDLEY</hi>, J Division. On the morning of July 6, acting on information received, I went with Detective-sergeant Saun
<lb/>ders to Rowton House, Whitechapel. Prisoner had a cubicle there which I searched. I told him we were police officers, and should arrest him on suspicion of breaking into 89, Victoria Park Road, at the morning of July 4. He made no reply to that. I searched his locker, and asked him if he could account for a quantity of tea. He said he had bought it of a man in the kitchen, but did not know who the man was. I then took him to Bethnal Green Police Station and requested him to take off the boots he was then wearing. I notised the mark on the boots reported to the police. He said, "I bought them on Wednesday afternoon off a man in Petticoat Lane for 7s. 6d." I said, "Would you know the man?" and he said, "No." He was taken to Victoria Park Station, and charged. In reply, he said, "I shall have my own back on the man who gave me away." I found a pair of boots in the room where he was sleeping.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SAUNDERS</hi>, J Division, corroborated.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HANDLEY</hi>, recalled, said two old pairs of boots were left behind when the boots, the subject of the indictment, were stolen. These old boots were claimed by prisoner, who laughed and said, "They fit me well."</p>
<rs id="t19070722-39-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-39-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-39-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>. Prisoner confessed to a previous convifties.</p>
<rs id="t19070722-39-punishment-47" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-39-punishment-47" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-39-punishment-47" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-39-19070722 t19070722-39-punishment-47"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190707220053"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, July 24.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070722-40">
<interp inst="t19070722-40" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070722"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-40" type="date" value="19070722"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070722-40-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-40-19070722 t19070722-40-offence-1 t19070722-40-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-40-19070722" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-40-19070722" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-40-19070722" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-40-19070722" type="surname" value="PUTLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-40-19070722" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-40-19070722" type="occupation" value=""/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PUTLEY</hi>, William (31)</persName>
<rs id="t19070722-40-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-40-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-40-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="indecentAssault"/>; indecently assaulting
<persName id="t19070722-name-196" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070722-name-196" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-196" type="surname" value="ROSS"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-name-196" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070722-40-offence-1 t19070722-name-196"/>Daniel Ross</persName>, a male person.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19070722-40-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-40-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-40-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>. The prisoner had previously been convicted of watch-stealing, assaulting the police, and drunkenness. Sentence,
<rs id="t19070722-40-punishment-48" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-40-punishment-48" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-40-punishment-48" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-40-19070722 t19070722-40-punishment-48"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19070722-41" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070722"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-41" type="date" value="19070722"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070722-41-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-41-19070722 t19070722-41-offence-1 t19070722-41-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-41-19070722" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-41-19070722" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-41-19070722" type="surname" value="ROBENZON"/>
<interp inst="def1-41-19070722" type="given" value="ABRAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBENZON</hi>, Abram(otherwise
<rs id="t19070722-alias-13" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-41-19070722 t19070722-alias-13"/>Abraham Robinson</rs>),</persName>
<rs id="t19070722-41-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070722-41-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19070722-41-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bankrupcy"/>being an un
<lb/>discharged bankrupt did unlawfully obtain credit to amount exceed
<lb/>ing £20, to wit, to the am