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<p>1907, JANUARY (2).</p>
<p>Vol. CXLVI.] [Part 868.</p>
<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</p>
<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>TRELOAR, MAYOR.</p>
<p>FOURTH SESSION,</p>
<p>HELD JANUARY 28TH, 1907, AND FOLLOWING DAYS.</p>
<p>MINUTES OF EVIDENCE,</p>
<p>TAKEN IN SHORTHAND BY</p>
<p>GEORGE WALPOLE,</p>
<p>Shorthand Writer to the Court.</p>
<p>POINTS OF LAW AND PRACTICE</p>
<p>EDITED BY</p>
<p>R. F. GRAHAM-CAMPBELL, ESQUIRE,</p>
<p>OF THE INNER TEMPLE.</p>
<p>[Published by Annual Subscription.]</p>
<p>LONDON:</p>
<p>GEO. WALPOLE, 1, NEW COURT, LINCOLN'S INN, W.C.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280002"/>
<p>PRINTED BY</p>
<p>THE ARGUS PRINTING COMPANY, LIMITED,</p>
<p>CORNER OF TUDOR STREET AND TEMPLE AVENUE,</p>
<p>LONDON, E.C.</p>
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<p>THE</p>
<p>WHOLE PROCEEDINGS</p>
<p>On the King's Commission of</p>
<p>OYER AND TERMINER AND GAOL DELIVERY</p>
<p>FOR</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>AND GAOL DELIVERY FOR THE</p>
<p>COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX, AND THE PARTS OF THE COUNTIES OF ESSEX, KENT, AND SURREY WITHIN THE JURISDICTION</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT,</p>
<p>Held on Monday, January 28th, 1907, and following days.</p>
<p>Before the Right Hon. Sir
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM PURDIE TRELOAR</hi>, Bart.,
<hi rend="largeCaps">LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; the Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM RANN KENNEDY</hi>, Knight, one of the Justices of His Majesty's High Court; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">J. T. RITCHIE</hi>, Bart., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">J. SAVORY</hi>, Bart., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">Q. F. FAUDEL
<lb/>PHILLIPS</hi>, Bart., G. C. I. E., F. P.
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALLISTON</hi>, Esq.
<hi rend="smallCaps">D. BURNETT</hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">F. HOWSE</hi>, Esq., Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">FORREST FULTON</hi>, Knight, K. C., Recorder of the said City;
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-1" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-1" type="surname" value="BOSANQUET"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-1" type="given" value="FREDERICK ALBERT"/>FREDERICK ALBERT BOSANQUET</persName> </hi>, Esq., K. C., Common Serjeant of the said City; and His Honour Judge
<hi rend="smallCaps">RENTOUL</hi>, K. C., Commissioner, His Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS BOOR CROSBY</hi>, Esq., Alderman.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-2" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-2" type="surname" value="DUNN"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-2" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY DUNN</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HENRY RIDGE GREENHILL</hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-3" type="surname" value="TIMBRELL"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-3" type="given" value="ANDREW WILLIAM"/>ANDREW WILLIAM TIMBRELL</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
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<p>1907.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">TRELOAR, MAYOR. FOURTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>; Monday, January 28.</p>
<p>(Before the Recorder.)</p>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-1-19070128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-1-19070128" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-1-19070128" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-1-19070128" type="surname" value="DEARLE"/>
<interp inst="def1-1-19070128" type="given" value="AMELIA"/>
<interp inst="def1-1-19070128" type="occupation" value="factory hand"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DEARLE</hi>, Amelia (32, factory hand)</persName>;
<rs id="t19070128-1-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-1-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-1-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty </rs>
<rs id="t19070128-1-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-1-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-1-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>to having been entrusted with, and received, £4 18s. and £2 10s., in order that she might pay £4 18s. to
<persName id="t19070128-name-5" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-5" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-5" type="surname" value="PRESTIGE"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-5" type="given" value="FANNY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-1-offence-1 t19070128-name-5"/>Fanny Prestige</persName> and £2 10s. to
<persName id="t19070128-name-6" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-6" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-6" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-6" type="given" value="LILIAN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-1-offence-1 t19070128-name-6"/>Lilian Jones</persName>, did fraudulently convert the same to her own use and benefit</rs> Prisoner had hitherto borne a good character. She had been for one week in custody on this charge. She was now sentenced to
<rs id="t19070128-1-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-1-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-1-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-1-19070128 t19070128-1-punishment-1"/>one day's imprisonment.</rs> </p> </div1>
<p>
<persName id="t19070128-name-7">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-7" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-7" type="surname" value="BRAZEL"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-7" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-7" type="occupation" value="grocer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BRAZEL</hi>, Charles (21, grocer)</persName>; pleaded guilty at last Session (see page 250) to forging and uttering an endorsement on an order for the payment of £3 11s. with intent to defraud. He was now formally sentenced to three weeks' imprisonment, as from January 8, and discharged, on the assurance of the Court Missionary, Mr. Franz Smith, that his friends in Glasgow would be willing to receive him.</p>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-3-19070128" type="defendantName">
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<interp inst="def1-3-19070128" type="age" value="58"/>
<interp inst="def1-3-19070128" type="surname" value="DOUGLAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-3-19070128" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-3-19070128" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DOUGLAS</hi>, John (58, clerk)</persName>;
<rs id="t19070128-3-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-3-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-3-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19070128-3-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-3-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-3-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>to forging and utter
<lb/>ing a request for the payment of 5s. with intent to defraud;</rs> and
<rs id="t19070128-3-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-3-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-3-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>to stealing a watch and chain, the goods of
<persName id="t19070128-name-9" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-9" type="surname" value="STICKLAND"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-9" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-3-offence-2 t19070128-name-9"/>Thomas Stickland</persName>, and feloniously receiving same.</rs> Sentence,
<rs id="t19070128-3-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-3-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-3-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-3-19070128 t19070128-3-punishment-2"/>12 months' imprisonment in the second division (or, the Recorder intimated, the authorities might decide to deal with prisoner under the Borstal system).</rs> </p> </div1>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-4-19070128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-4-19070128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19070128" type="age" value="46"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19070128" type="surname" value="COPLESTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19070128" type="given" value="ARTHUR KENNARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19070128" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COPLESTON</hi>, Arthur Kennard (46, labourer)</persName>;
<rs id="t19070128-4-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-4-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-4-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19070128-4-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-4-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-4-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>to feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19070128-name-11" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-11" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-11" type="surname" value="GRIFFITHS"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-11" type="given" value="MARY ELIZABETH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-4-offence-1 t19070128-name-11"/>Mary Elizabeth Griffiths</persName>, his wife being then alive.</rs> He had previously borne a good character. Sentence,
<rs id="t19070128-4-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-4-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-4-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-4-19070128 t19070128-4-punishment-3"/>15 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19070128-5" type="date" value="19070128"/>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-5-19070128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-5-19070128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19070128" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19070128" type="surname" value="ROBIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19070128" type="given" value="CHARLES SALISBURY"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19070128" type="occupation" value="painter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBIN</hi>, Charles Salisbury (30, painter)</persName>
<rs id="t19070128-5-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-5-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-5-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>; stealing a poet letter containing a postal order for 5s., the property of the
<persName id="t19070128-name-13" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-13" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-5-offence-1 t19070128-name-13"/>Postmaster
<lb/>General</persName>, he being employed under the Post Office.</rs>
<rs id="t19070128-5-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-5-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-5-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>Prisoner stated that he had yielded to temptation in consequence of great domestic trouble. [Pleaded guilty]</rs> Sentence,
<rs id="t19070128-5-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-5-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-5-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-5-19070128 t19070128-5-punishment-4"/>six months' imprisonment</rs> in the second division.</p> </div1>
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<p>
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<interp inst="def1-6-19070128" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19070128" type="surname" value="WORSFOLD"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19070128" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19070128" type="occupation" value="postman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WORSFOLD</hi>, Henry (21, postman)</persName>
<rs id="t19070128-6-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-6-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-6-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>; stealing a poet letter contain
<lb/>ing a postal order for 5s. 6d., the property of the
<persName id="t19070128-name-15" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-15" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-6-offence-1 t19070128-name-15"/>Postmaster-General</persName>, he being employed under the Post Office.</rs> Sentence,
<rs id="t19070128-6-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-6-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-6-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-6-19070128 t19070128-6-punishment-5"/>nine months hard labour</rs>.
<rs id="t19070128-6-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-6-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-6-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19070128-7" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070128"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-7" type="date" value="19070128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-7-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-7-19070128 t19070128-7-offence-1 t19070128-7-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-7-19070128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-7-19070128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19070128" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19070128" type="surname" value="LEE"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19070128" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19070128" type="occupation" value="engineer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LEE</hi>. John (28, engineer)</persName>;
<rs id="t19070128-7-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-7-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-7-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19070128-7-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-7-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-7-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>to feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19070128-name-17" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-17" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-17" type="surname" value="RAWDON"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-17" type="given" value="ROSA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-7-offence-1 t19070128-name-17"/>Rosa Rawdon</persName>, his wife being then alive.</rs> Sentence,
<rs id="t19070128-7-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-7-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-7-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-7-19070128 t19070128-7-punishment-6"/>15 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-8-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-8-19070128 t19070128-8-offence-1 t19070128-8-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-8-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-8-19070128 t19070128-8-offence-1 t19070128-8-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-8-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def4-8-19070128 t19070128-8-offence-1 t19070128-8-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-8-19070128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-8-19070128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19070128" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19070128" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19070128" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19070128" type="occupation" value="painter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WHITE</hi>, Albert (28, painter)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-8-19070128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-8-19070128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-8-19070128" type="age" value="56"/>
<interp inst="def2-8-19070128" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def2-8-19070128" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def2-8-19070128" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BROWN</hi>, William (56, labourer)</persName>,
<persName id="def3-8-19070128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-8-19070128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-8-19070128" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def3-8-19070128" type="surname" value="WOOLFE"/>
<interp inst="def3-8-19070128" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def3-8-19070128" type="occupation" value="gardener"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WOOLFE</hi>, William (26, gardener)</persName>, and
<persName id="def4-8-19070128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def4-8-19070128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def4-8-19070128" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def4-8-19070128" type="surname" value="PEARCE"/>
<interp inst="def4-8-19070128" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<interp inst="def4-8-19070128" type="occupation" value="groom"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PEARCE</hi>, Frederick (26, groom)</persName>;
<rs id="t19070128-8-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-8-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-8-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19070128-8-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-8-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="damage"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-8-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>to maliciously damaging a plate-glass win
<lb/>dow, value £40, the property of
<persName id="t19070128-name-22" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-22" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-22" type="surname" value="LECEY"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-22" type="given" value="FRANK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-8-offence-1 t19070128-name-22"/>Frank Lecey</persName> and others.</rs> Nothing was known against prisoners, who apparently broke the window in order to get locked up, being unemployed and homeless. Sentence, each,
<rs id="t19070128-8-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-8-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-8-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-8-19070128 t19070128-8-punishment-7"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-8-19070128 t19070128-8-punishment-7"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-8-19070128 t19070128-8-punishment-7"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def4-8-19070128 t19070128-8-punishment-7"/>four months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070128-9">
<interp inst="t19070128-9" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070128"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-9" type="date" value="19070128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-9-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-19070128 t19070128-9-offence-1 t19070128-9-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-9-19070128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-9-19070128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19070128" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19070128" type="surname" value="REID"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19070128" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19070128" type="occupation" value="musician"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">REID</hi>, James (32, musician)</persName>;
<rs id="t19070128-9-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-9-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-9-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19070128-9-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-9-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-9-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>to breaking and entering the shop of
<persName id="t19070128-name-24" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-24" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-24" type="surname" value="STRONG"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-24" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-24" type="occupation" value="shopkeeper"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-9-offence-1 t19070128-name-24"/>James Strong</persName> and stealing therein four razors and other articles, his goods, and feloniously receiving same.</rs> He confessed to a conviction of felony, at Brentford, on October 20, 1906, in the name of
<persName id="t19070128-name-25">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-25" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-25" type="surname" value="ROWLANDS"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-25" type="given" value="JAMES"/>James Rowlands</persName>. Other convictions were proved, Sentence,
<rs id="t19070128-9-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-9-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-9-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-19070128 t19070128-9-punishment-8"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070128-10">
<interp inst="t19070128-10" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070128"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-10" type="date" value="19070128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-10-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-19070128 t19070128-10-offence-1 t19070128-10-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-10-19070128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-10-19070128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19070128" type="age" value="50"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19070128" type="surname" value="GRIBBLE"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19070128" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19070128" type="occupation" value="watchman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GRIBBLE</hi>, George (50, watchman)</persName>
<rs id="t19070128-10-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-10-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-10-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>; feloniously wounding
<persName id="t19070128-name-27" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-27" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-27" type="surname" value="SOUTH"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-27" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-10-offence-1 t19070128-name-27"/>William South</persName> all, with intent to do him some grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>There being a question as to whether prosecutor was in a condition to give evidence, Dr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">LOWTHER</hi> was called, and expressed the opinion that he was.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-28" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-28" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-28" type="surname" value="SOUTHALL"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-28" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM SOUTHALL</persName> </hi>. On October 27 I was foreman watchman at the Lynn Ice Works, Shadwell. It was my duty to see that all the men were at work and to visit them at various times during the night. Prisoner was a watchman. Between 8. 40 and 9 on the 27th I went on my usual round. At prisoner's office I found the door was locked and he was not there. When he came back I asked him where he had been. He said he had lost his keys and had been looking for them. I admit that I used some bad language to him for being away from his work. I was leaving the place when I received a blow at the back of the neck. I cannot say who hit me, but there was no one present but prisoner. I became unconscious and was taken to the hospital.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have been foreman of watchmen at this place for about 14 months; I was formerly a police-constable; I had to give that up as I had bad feet. On October 27 I had seen prisoner about half-past five; he was then at his post. About 8. 30 when I went again the door was locked. I deny that I found a key in the door, that I let myself in and shut the door after Mr. I do not know that a key was found on my person. I had had some drink on this night, but not much; I don't know whether prisoner was drunk</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280007"/>
<p>or sober. Very likely the language I used was calculated to anger him. I don't remember Whether I threatened him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-29" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-29" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-29" type="surname" value="SALTER"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-29" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY SALTER</persName> </hi>, clerk at the Rotherhithe Tunnel works. On this night I heard prosecutor quarrelling with some one outside the door of the Lynn Ice Works. Prisoner was saying, "Where the h—are they? How the b——h——am I going to get in?" then, "Oh, you are to b——fool; that is what I call you." I did not hear the re
<lb/>plies. I went to my own office; ten minutes later I heard a police whistle. I went with other men to prisoner's office; there I saw prosecutor lying insensible.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prosecutor is ordinarily a very loud-speaking man; prisoner is very soft-spoken; he is very deaf indeed. I could not distinguish what he said in reply to prosecutor. It was not a very violent quarrel.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-30" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-30" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-30" type="surname" value="DAWSON"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-30" type="given" value="FREDERICK WILLIAM"/>FREDERICK WILLIAM DAWSON</persName> </hi>. About 8. 40 on this evening I heard a police whistle; I saw prisoner leaving the icehouse, carrying a lamp and blowing the whistle. He said to me, "I have knocked a man out." A policeman came, and I went with him and prisoner to the office at the ice works; prosecutor wee lying on the floor in
<lb/>sensible. I went with the policeman on his taking prisoner to the station; I will not say that prisoner was drunk; he was violent and riotous; he had to be held down.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prosecutor was lying an the big office, on the left side as you go in. The only furniture in the room was a desk, a press, a footstool, and a high stool. Where prosecutor was lying there was nothing near him that he could have struck against; he was lying in the centre of the room.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK BURRIDGE</hi>, 226 H. In response to a police whistle I proceeded to the ice works and saw prosecutor lying insensible on his back in the middle of the room; he was lying full length—not huddled up. Prisoner was standing by the side holding the police whistle; he was drunk. On charging him with maliciously wounding he said, "Yes, Southall is my foreman; I have not seen him to-night as I know of; I aim very sorry; I have not seen him since five o'clock; if I done it it was in defence of myself. "He was very violent, and I had to get assistance to take him to the station.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Before the magistrate I did not mention pri
<lb/>soner's violence. I was not asked. In the office in question there is a desk, right back behind the door; the fireplace, with a fender round it, is a good bit away from the desk.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-31" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-31" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-31" type="surname" value="TIDY"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-31" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY TIDY</persName> </hi>, house-surgeon at the London Hospital. Prosecutor was admitted on October 27; he had two email wounds on the back of his head; he was partially conscious; the wounds were quite consistent with blows from either the wooden stick or the iron bar produced; there must have been two blows Prosecutor's im
<lb/>provement My our hospital being very slight, he was sent to White
<lb/>chapel Infirmary, on November 8.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280010"/>
<p>Cross-examined. The wounds were about four inches apart; they were only superficial wounds. Prosecutor had been drinking, but I consider he was sober.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">BURRIDGE</hi>, recalled. The wooden stick and iron bar produced were found in the office. I found on the prosecutor the key of the outer door.</p>
<p>Dr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">HERBERT LOWTHER</hi>, medical superintendent at Whitechapel Infirmary. Prosecutor was admitted on November 8. The certifi
<lb/>cate sent with him by Dr. Tidy said that he had been suffering from concussion of the brain and cerebral irritation. On admission he was very slinky, unable to stand, rambling in speech. His mental condition was quite consistent with his having been wounded by a blow on the head; there was nothing to show that he had suffered from insanity prior to this.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. His feet were scaley; that might be from rheu
<lb/>matism or gout; a man with feet in that condition would be more prone than an ordinary man to slip or stumble.</p>
<p>Prisoner's statement before the Magistrate: "I never touched the man; the iron had been missing a fortnight. On October 27 I was there watching; about 9 p.m. I went out; when I got back I could not unlock the door; I had two keys; I thought the latch key had dropped out; I cut the string; the two keys were tied together; I put both in to try the door, and could not unlock it; I went into the market to see if I could see some one to come and stand at the door; I went half-way across the market and had a look round; I could not see anyone; I ran up to the public to see if I could get some one to come down; I saw a man there, but he would not come; I went back and found one key was gone; then I thought there was someone inside; to make sure if anyone was inside I blew my whistle; then this man came and opened the door; he fell back, cutting his head; I do not remember anything more after; for two hours I lost my memory."</p>
<p>This concluding the case for the prosecution, prisoner was put into the box and swam. He appeared to be very deaf, and the Recorder suggested that, as he would only repeat the statement made to the magistrate, his counsel might leave the evidence where it was. Counsel assented. A witness to character was then called, and described prisoner, whom he had known for four or five years, as a steady, sober, peaceful, hardworking man.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19070128-10-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-10-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-10-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>Guilty of unlawful wounding, under great provocation; recommended to mercy.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19070128-10-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-10-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-10-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-19070128 t19070128-10-punishment-9"/>Four months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>; Monday, January 28.</p>
<p>(Before the Common Serjeant.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070128-11">
<interp inst="t19070128-11" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070128"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-11" type="date" value="19070128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-11-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-19070128 t19070128-11-offence-1 t19070128-11-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-11-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-11-19070128 t19070128-11-offence-1 t19070128-11-verdict-2"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-11-19070128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-11-19070128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19070128" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19070128" type="surname" value="CRONEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19070128" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19070128" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CRONEY</hi>, Charles (36, labourer)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-11-19070128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-11-19070128" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-11-19070128" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def2-11-19070128" type="surname" value="SULLIVAN"/>
<interp inst="def2-11-19070128" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<interp inst="def2-11-19070128" type="occupation" value="flower seller"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SULLIVAN</hi>, Mary Ann (28, flower seller)</persName>
<rs id="t19070128-11-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-11-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-11-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>; feloniously making counterfeit coin; feloniously possessing a mould and other tools for making counterfeit coin; and possessing counterfeit coin with intent to utter the same.</rs> Croney
<rs id="t19070128-11-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-11-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-11-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280011"/>
<p>Mr. Partridge prosecuted.</p>
<p>Detective-Inspector
<hi rend="smallCaps">FRANK WENSLEY</hi>, H Division. On the evening of January 16, about half past nine, in company with. Inspector Knell and other officers, I went to 14, Margaret Place, Bethnal Green, the buildings being let out in furnished apartments. There is a common front door, and then doors to each of the rooms. I went to the front room on the ground floor, knocked at the door, and heard a woman's voice call out, "Shut up. Who's there?"I shouted out, "Police. Open the door." I pushed against the door and burst it open. The door was locked, but the box of the lock was not very strong, and it did not require much bursting. On the door opening I saw Croney hurrying towards the open window. Sullivan, who was behind the door, had an apron on, and her arms under her apron. I ran after Croney, and took three counterfeit sixpences out of his right hand. On the table I saw a piece of slate, two counterfeit sixpences, a saucer containing silver sand, two pairs of scissors, a file, two knives, a vice, and some lead. On the hob I saw a saucepan containing hot lead or metal of some sort, also in a corner of the room a bag containing plaster of Paris, some granulated tin, and other metal. Croney said, "You have got it all now." and Sullivan said, "That is all there is." I looked under the bed after that, and there found two saucers. In each saucer there was a quantity of cyanide of potassium, two pieces of copper wire, and there were seven counterfeit sixpences in one saucer and eight in the other. Whilst I was making further search Croney jumped up, seized the saucer, and emptied a portion of the liquid into his mouth. He was taken to the London Hospital and given an emetic. The woman made an attempt to reach one of the saucers. She afterwards said, "This is the first day we have been making it, because we have been going out with our barrow." She made no reply to the charge at the station.</p>
<p>Inspector
<hi rend="smallCaps">FRANK KNELL</hi>. I was with last witness on January 16, and noticing that Sullivan had something under her apron I caught her arm, and from her hand took a mould containing a sixpence which was hot. I also took from her three counterfeit sixpences. I beard her say this was the first day they had been at it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-34" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-34" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-34" type="surname" value="CLARKE"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-34" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>MARGARET CLARKE</persName> </hi>, wife of John Clarke, caretaker in Margaret, Place, gave evidence as to the letting of the room to the female pri
<lb/>soner. The male prisoner was occasionally there, but witness could not say whether he lived there or not. The women brought the rent on a Friday.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-35" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-35" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-35" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>, Inspector of Counterfeit Coins at H. M. Mint. The mould (produced) contains a counterfeit sixpence with the gate attached. I have seen a number of other counterfeit six
<lb/>pences. They are all from the same mould. There are also (pro
<lb/>duced) metal, a file marked a little in the teeth, a slate, knives, scis
<lb/>sors,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280012"/>
<p>a vice, cyanide of potassium, etc. All these articles are the paraphernalia of a coiner.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-36" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-36" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-36" type="surname" value="SULLIVAN"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-36" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN SULLIVAN</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath) said she wished to call her fellow-prisoner to say that she was innocent. On the day in question she had been out all day selling. When she came home at half past nine, before she had time to take her hat off, a knock came to the door, and before there was time to open it it was burst open, and in came five men. Two seized herself and three Croney. Croney had lived with her as her husband for eleven weeks.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-37" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-37" type="surname" value="CRONEY"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-37" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES CRONEY</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I wish to testify to the fact that this woman is perfectly innocent. On Wednesday, January 16, she had been out selling, and I was just starting to work on the mould, and had put some metal in. She came in unexpectedly, and seeing what I was doing she snatched the mould off the table and put it under her blouse, having expressed a determination never to allow me to do anything of the kind again. She had hardly done so when the police hammered at the door. She had taken the mould with the intention of breaking it up, and the sixpences she had taken to do away with.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not hear her say this was the first time we had made counterfeit coin. When the police entered I was strug
<lb/>gling to get possession of the mould. I brought the coining appara
<lb/>tus and the sixpences there about half an hour before she came in, I know that cyanide of potassium is a very dangerous poison; I fully intended to take it, having decided that I would far prefer to do away with myself.</p>
<p>To the Court. I got the cyanide of potassium the same evening. Everything was done the same evening.</p>
<p>Verdict, Sullivan,
<rs id="t19070128-11-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-11-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-11-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Detective-Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">ARTHUR WOOLLARD</hi> proved that Croney on April 2. 1900, was sentenced at this Court to seven years' penal ser
<lb/>vitude for possessing counterfeit coin, and was released on October 20, 1906. The remainder of that sentence would expire in November, 1907. 1908. He was also sentenced to seven years in 1894 for possessing 1908. a mould, and his convictions date back to 1886; so that of the last 1909. 20 years a considerable portion has been spent in prison. The female 1910. prisoner is a married woman, and left her husband on October 20 of 1911. last year, her real name being
<persName id="t19070128-name-38">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-38" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-38" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-38" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>Williams</persName>. The information of the 1912. police is that she was suspected of being the associate of persons who 1913. uttered counterfeit coin, but hitherto she has not been charged.</p>
<p>Sentences, Croney,
<rs id="t19070128-11-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-11-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-11-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-19070128 t19070128-11-punishment-10"/>Five years' penal servitude;</rs> Sullivan,
<rs id="t19070128-11-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-11-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-11-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-11-19070128 t19070128-11-punishment-11"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070128-12">
<interp inst="t19070128-12" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070128"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-12" type="date" value="19070128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-12-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-19070128 t19070128-12-offence-1 t19070128-12-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-12-19070128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-12-19070128" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19070128" type="surname" value="ROTHBAUM"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19070128" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROTHBAUM</hi>, Sarah</persName>
<rs id="t19070128-12-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-12-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-12-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> (married woman); uttering counterfeit coin well knowing the same to be counterfeit.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Partridge prosecuted; Mr. Louis Green defended.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280013"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-40" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-40" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-40" type="surname" value="ABRAHAMS"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-40" type="given" value="GOLDER"/>GOLDER ABRAHAMS</persName> </hi>. I have a fish stall in Wentworth Street, Spital
<lb/>fields, which I was attending in the afternoon of January 3. Prisoner bought two bream for 9d. and tendered in payment a five-shilling piece. I handed the coin to a neighbouring stall-keeper, named Aaron Cohen, and asked him for change. Prisoner was standing by and could hear what I said. Our conversation was in Yiddish. Cohen said the five-shilling piece was bad, and prisoner then tendered a two shilling piece, which Cohen also declared to be counterfeit. Cohen subsequently gave the coins to a constable.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-41" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-41" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-41" type="surname" value="COHEN"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-41" type="given" value="AARON"/>AARON COHEN</persName> </hi>. stall-holder, corroborated.</p>
<p>Constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK DANIELS</hi>, 50 H. R. On the afternoon of January 3 I was called to Cohen's stall. In prisoner's presence Cohen said, "Here is a present for you." I took the two coins in my hand and asked him where he got these from. He said, "From this woman," pointing to prisoner. I then spoke to prisoner, and asked her where she got the money from, and she said, "From my husband. He got them in change for a sovereign at a tobacco shop, but I do not know when." I took her to the station, where she was charged, and replied in Yiddish through the interpreter. Shortly afterwards her husband came to the station, and in the presence of prisoner said, "Lock me up. I gave her the money when I changed a sovereign at the tobacco shop in Hanbury Street. "Prisoner and her husband live in Spital Street, a turning out of Hanbury Street. I subsequently went with the husband to a tobacconist's shop in Hanbury Street kept by Abraham Blumenthal. The prisoner was searched at the station by the female searchers, who in her presence said that nothing had been found upon her. I searched the home and nothing was found there. I know that the husband has been working for a Mrs. Gottlieb, a cap maker, for some years and that he and his wife are respectable people.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-42" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-42" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-42" type="surname" value="BLUMENTHAL"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-42" type="given" value="ABRAHAM"/>ABRAHAM BLUMENTHAL</persName> </hi>. tobacconist, 79, Hanbury Street, examined through an interpreter. I know the husband of the prisoner by sight. He did net frequent my shop. He did not come in often.</p>
<p>To Mr. Green. I told the magistrate I could not recollect changing gold for prisoner's husband, and I cannot now recollect doing so.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-43" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-43" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-43" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>, Inspector of Counterfeit Coins at H. M. Mint. I have examined the coins. The five-shilling piece is one of the most perfect counterfeit crowns I have ever seen. It is rather light, as all counterfeit coins are, but it is a very fine coin.</p>
<p>Prisoner's statement before the magistrate: "If I had known or had had any idea that the money was net genuine I would not have uttered it to anyone. I have no witness, but people know I am re
<lb/>spectable and not connected with this kind of thing."</p>
<p>
<rs id="t19070128-12-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-12-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-12-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="directed"/>By direction of the Common Serjeant, the jury returned a verdict of Not Guilty.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070128-13">
<interp inst="t19070128-13" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070128"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-13" type="date" value="19070128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-13-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-19070128 t19070128-13-offence-1 t19070128-13-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-13-19070128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-13-19070128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19070128" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19070128" type="surname" value="DU GAY"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19070128" type="given" value="DONALD"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19070128" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DU GAY</hi>, Donald (25, clerk)</persName>
<rs id="t19070128-13-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-13-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-13-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>; committing an act of Cross in
<lb/>decency with another male person.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Lawrie (for Mr. Cohen) prosecuted; Mr. Methven defended. Verdict,
<rs id="t19070128-13-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-13-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-13-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not Guilty</rs>.</p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280014"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>; Tuesday, January 29.</p>
<p>(Before Mr. Justice Kennedy.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070128-14">
<interp inst="t19070128-14" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070128"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-14" type="date" value="19070128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-14-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-19070128 t19070128-14-offence-1 t19070128-14-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-14-19070128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-14-19070128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19070128" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19070128" type="surname" value="BOWYER"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19070128" type="given" value="JOHN THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19070128" type="occupation" value="carman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BOWYER</hi>, John Thomas (20, carman)</persName>
<rs id="t19070128-14-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-14-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-14-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>; carnally knowing
<persName id="t19070128-name-46" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-46" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-46" type="surname" value="BOWYER"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-46" type="given" value="ANNIE ELIZABETH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-14-offence-1 t19070128-name-46"/>Annie Elizabeth Bowyer</persName> (his sister), a girl under the age of 13 years.</rs> Ver
<lb/>dict,
<rs id="t19070128-14-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-14-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-14-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>Guilty of attempt to carnally know.</rs> Sentence,
<rs id="t19070128-14-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-14-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-14-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-19070128 t19070128-14-punishment-12"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070128-15">
<interp inst="t19070128-15" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070128"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-15" type="date" value="19070128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-15-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19070128 t19070128-15-offence-1 t19070128-15-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-15-19070128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-15-19070128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19070128" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19070128" type="surname" value="LOCK"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19070128" type="given" value="HARRY JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19070128" type="occupation" value="coster"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LOCK</hi>. Harry Joseph (29, coster);</persName>
<rs id="t19070128-15-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-15-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-15-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/> rape on
<persName id="t19070128-name-48" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-48" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-48" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-48" type="given" value="HARRIET"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-15-offence-1 t19070128-name-48"/>Harriet Davis.</persName> </rs> Mr. Percival Clarke prosecuted; Mr. Hardy defended. Verdict,
<rs id="t19070128-15-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-15-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-15-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>. Sentence (January 31),
<rs id="t19070128-15-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-15-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-15-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19070128 t19070128-15-punishment-13"/>Five years' penal servi
<lb/>tude.</rs> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>; Tuesday, January 29.</p>
<p>(Before the Recorder.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070128-16">
<interp inst="t19070128-16" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070128"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-16" type="date" value="19070128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-16-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-19070128 t19070128-16-offence-1 t19070128-16-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-16-19070128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-16-19070128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19070128" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19070128" type="surname" value="ATKINSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19070128" type="given" value="ROBERT ALBERT"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19070128" type="occupation" value="postman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ATKINSON</hi>, Robert Albert (32, postman)</persName>;
<rs id="t19070128-16-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-16-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-16-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19070128-16-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-16-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-16-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>of steal
<lb/>ing a post letter containing a postal order for 5s. and six postage
<lb/>stamps, the property of the
<persName id="t19070128-name-50" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-50" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-16-offence-1 t19070128-name-50"/>Postmaster-General</persName>, he being employed under the Post Office.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Forster Boulton, M. P., prosecuted; Mr. Symmons appeared for prisoner, and called witnesses to character.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19070128-16-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-16-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-16-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-19070128 t19070128-16-punishment-14"/>Nine months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070128-17">
<interp inst="t19070128-17" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070128"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-17" type="date" value="19070128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-17-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-19070128 t19070128-17-offence-1 t19070128-17-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-17-19070128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-17-19070128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19070128" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19070128" type="surname" value="MARSHALL"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19070128" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19070128" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARSHALL</hi>, Joseph (34, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19070128-17-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-17-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-17-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>; stealing 12 dozen pairs of mittens, the goods of
<persName id="t19070128-name-52" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-52" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-17-offence-1 t19070128-name-52"/>C. and F. Sudbury, Limited</persName>, and feloniously receiving same.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. W. C. Campbell prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-53" type="surname" value="CHAPMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-53" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM CHAPMAN</persName> </hi>, porter in the employ of Messrs. Sudbury, Limi
<lb/>ted, hosiers. I remember on the afternoon of January 10 going out to deliver goods at a warehouse in Street. I had with me a barrow with several boxes of mittens it. I went into the ware-house twice, leaving the barrow unattended, and taking as many boxes as I could carry, and when I came back for the rest I found I was 12 boxes short. The time was between 2. 15 and 2. 30. I did not see prisoner or anyone else while I was in Fann Street. The goods were for shipment on the 12th.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-54" type="surname" value="BELMORE"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-54" type="given" value="PERCY"/>PERCY BELMORE</persName> </hi>, salesman in the employ of the prosecutors. The mittens (produced) were my employers' property. This design is our sole manufacture, made by our firm upon our own machines.</p>
<p>Constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK POTTS</hi>, City Police. On the afternoon of January 10 I was on duty in plain clothes in Aldersgate Street, and saw prisoner with a newspaper parcel hurrying towards Goswell Road. As he kept turning round I suspected him. I asked what he had in the parcel, and he said, "Rags."</p>
<p>Prisoner. I said I thought they were rags.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280015"/>
<p>Witness. He said, "I found it in Aldersgate Street, art the back of Potter's, in Queen's Square." Potters are ticket-writers, and their front entrance is in Aldersgate Street, and the back in Queen's Square. I tore the parcel to see what was inside, and found it con
<lb/>tained four short of 12 dozen mittens. I took him to the police station, where they were identified by the prosecutor. A complaint had been made of the loss of the goods about an hour previously at the Moor Lane Police Station. The boxes in which they were origi
<lb/>nally contained were never found.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PRISONER</hi> said he had been out of work some time, and had been trying to get a job in the printing line, and was making his way from Queen's Square, when he found the parcel with which, when arrested, he was on his way to the police station.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19070128-17-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-17-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-17-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty of feloniously receiving.</rs> </p>
<p>Detective
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS RADCLIFFE</hi>, C Division, proved that on April 3, 1906, prisoner was convicted at North London Sessions, and sentenced to six months' imprisonment for stealing a parcel from a truck within 100 yards of where the present offence was committed. Witness had seen prisoner daily in company with a gang of thieves.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19070128-17-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-17-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-17-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-19070128 t19070128-17-punishment-15"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070128-18">
<interp inst="t19070128-18" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070128"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-18" type="date" value="19070128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-18-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-19070128 t19070128-18-offence-1 t19070128-18-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-18-19070128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-18-19070128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19070128" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19070128" type="surname" value="RAYMENT"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19070128" type="given" value="SIDNEY THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19070128" type="occupation" value="porter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RAYMENT</hi>, Sidney Thomas (22, porter)</persName>
<rs id="t19070128-18-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-18-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-18-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>; feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19070128-name-56" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-56" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-56" type="surname" value="AYRE"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-56" type="given" value="FANNY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-18-offence-1 t19070128-name-56"/>Fanny Ayre</persName>, his wife being then alive.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Sidney Clarke prosecuted; Mr. Arthur Page defended.</p>
<p>Detective-Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">SIDNEY WYBORN</hi>, E Division. On January 8 I arrested prisoner on the charge of bigamy. He said, "I thought the was dead. I have not heard anything of her since June, 1905. I have been to Greenwich two or three times to try and find her, but they would not tell me anything." I produce two certificates, one of the marriage of prisoner to Mary Maude Horn, at Holy Trinity Church, Gray's Inn Road, on December 27, 1903, and the other of his marriage with Fanny Ayre, at St. Peter's Church, Baton Square, on December 24, 1905.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner said, "I thought she was dead. I have made inquiries and have been unable to trace her."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-57" type="surname" value="HORN"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-57" type="given" value="WILFRID EDWARD"/>WILFRID EDWARD HORN</persName> </hi>, 26, Crayford Road, Erith. On Decem
<lb/>ber 27, 1903, I was present at Holy Trinity Church, Gray's Inn Road, when prisoner was married to my sister. My sister is still living. I last saw her this morning within the precincts of the court. I do not exactly know when my sister left her husband. I remember prisoner coming to see me not long after she had left him and asking me if I knew where my sister was. I staid I did not know any
<lb/>thing of her whereabouts. I have not since beard of him.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. When he came to see me he said that Mary had left him. He had come down for the express purpose of finding out whether she was there. I heard afterwards that she had been to my mother's at Greenwich.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-58" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-58" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-58" type="surname" value="AYRE"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-58" type="given" value="FANNY"/>FANNY AYRE</persName> </hi>. 12, Gloucester Street, Theobald's Road. On De
<lb/>cember 24, 1905, I went through the form of marriage with prisoner.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280016"/>
<p>I had known him since about the first week in July, 1905, when I was first introduced to him. I was a barmaid at the time. He made no statement to me about his having been married until after the marriage. Then I heard tend asked him about it. He said he had been married but she was dead. I had been living with him before the marriage.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not see much of prisoner till the end of October, when we began walking out. I knew him as a hall porter. From August, 1905, I was in employment at the same flats as pri
<lb/>soner. I left my situation as barmaid and went to act as house
<lb/>keeper to a lady at Russell Priory. He has been a. kind and good husband to me and I am very fond of him. Vincent Horn was the under porter. Five or six months after I had been married I re
<lb/>member someone asking on the telephone for Mrs. Rayment, my hus
<lb/>band's mother, who sometimes works there. Vincent Horn fetched me down and said, "Is your name Rayment?" and I said, "Yes." I never asked Vincent Horn where his sister was.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-59" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-59" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-59" type="surname" value="HORN"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-59" type="given" value="VINCENT GORDON"/>VINCENT GORDON HORN</persName> </hi>. I have been employed as a porter at Priory Mansions for two years. I went there in January, 1905. I used to attend to the lift when Rayment went to dinner. I went to lodge with prisoner and my sister. In June, 1905, I remember trouble between prisoner and my sister, who left him on June 15 of her own accord because of a quarrel and ill-treatment. He used to knock her about, and on one occasion threatened her with a carving-knife. Prisoner was in the habit of drinking too much. When she left she left a note: "You have told me to go so often I have now taken you at your word. I can work for my living." Before her marriage my sister was a domestic servant. I have since that continued to work with, the prisoner, and continued to live with him for about a month after his wife left him. During that time he made no inquiry of me about his sister. I did not know where my sister was gone to. About a month after she left, I know there was a letter in her handwriting. From the time I ceased to live with prisoner I used to go home every night. I saw my sister there once or twice. She has gone back to service. I did not tell prisoner I had seen my sister or discuss the matter with him. I recollect that my father, who was living with my mother at Greenwich, came several times to see prisoner after his wife had left him. Prisoner's earnings were £1 a week and makings. He could at any time have communicated with father, mother, or myself.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I am now living at 67, Coldbath Buildings, Clerkenwell, and have been married since September 16. My sister Mary is staying with me now. After my sister left on June 15 I went with prisoner to see my cousin Alice at New North Road to ask if she knew where Mary was, and she said she did not. She was at mother's two months after she left prisoner, but I did not tell him that, as he never made any inquiries. I am still on good terms with prisoner. My sister had had a child before she was married to Ray
<lb/>ment,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280017"/>
<p>but that was net the cause of unpleasantness. The note my sister left was as I have stated, and not in this form, "Do not look for Mr. I have gone to do away with myself"—no such thing.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-60" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-60" type="surname" value="RAYMENT"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-60" type="given" value="SIDNEY THOMAS"/>SIDNEY THOMAS RAYMENT</persName> </hi> (prisoner on oath.) I am hall porter in Russell Priory, Southampton Row. I was married in December, 1903, to Mary Maude Horn, and we lived together till June 15, 1905. On that day when I went home at half-past six all the dirty things were packed up on the table, and on the mantelpiece was a piece of blue paper written in red ink as follows, "Do not look for Mr. I shall most likely have done away with myself"—something like that—"I mean to do away with myself," or something to that effect. I was much distressed at that, and got a cab and went over to her cousin's place in the New North Road. I also sent a telegram to her mother's, who replied that they had not heard or seen anything of her. I also went to her mother's place, but could not hear a word The following day I went to her brother's at Erith. I continued to make inquiries for a long time, and I asked her brother on and off for some weeks. After an interval I went to Greenwich again to see her mother and father, but without result My wife's father also came up to Russell Priory—in fact, worked there one season, and when I asked about the whereabouts of my wife he said he knew nothing about it. Not hearing anything of my wife, I married Fanny Ayre in December, 1905. Up to that time I had heard nothing to lead me to believe my wife was alive. I thought she had gone and drowned her
<lb/>self.</p>
<p>The Recorder. Why did not you describe yourself as a widower in the marriage lines instead of describing yourself as a bachelor? Witness. That is what I ought to have done.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Neither my wife's brother Wilfred nor Vincent told me she was dead. Her father told me he did not know what to make out I formed the opinion that she was dead after I had in
<lb/>quired everywhere. I received a letter from her in Judy asking me to send her clothes to her mother's address, and stating that there upon the postage would be paid. I telephoned to several hospitals and police stations. I took five or six journeys to Greenwich to make inquiries. The letter in July commenced, "Sid, I think it now time to let you know that I am still alive, for which no thanks are due to you. I absolutely refuse to live with you any more." Then reasons were given. "You can go and get a divorce if that suits you better. My linen being no use to you, may I ask you to send it to my mother's home, the cost of which will be paid at Greenwich? There are one or two things I am at present in need of." I admit that did not look much like committing suicide.</p>
<p>The jury asked if it was necessary to go on with the case.</p>
<p>The Recorder said they must hear the learned counsel to the end, but he was absolutely horrified by the suggestion put forward. The</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280018"/>
<p>law used to be that, there was no defence to bigamy except absence for seven years, but the judges on the question being referred to them decided that, if a jury should come to the conclusion that there was good ground for believing that death had occurred, that might con
<lb/>stitute a defence. It was, however, never contemplated that a man should act as prisoner had done and marry six months after his wife had left him, describing himself not as a widower but as a bachelor. It was really trifling with the time of the jury. To give a false de
<lb/>scription in the register was a criminal offence, as the law required that all particulars in a marriage certificate should be carefully stated.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19070128-18-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-18-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-18-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Detective-Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">WYBORN</hi> stated that prisoner bore a very good character. He became acquainted with Ayre a very few weeks after his wife left him, and a short time afterwards went to live with her. Both the women had had children before.</p>
<p>The Recorder, in passing sentence of
<rs id="t19070128-18-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-18-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-18-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-19070128 t19070128-18-punishment-16"/>two days' imprisonment, en
<lb/>titling prisoner to immediate dismissal,</rs> pointed out that the object of the statute was to prevent innocent and virtuous women being entrapped, and as Ayre had been living with prisoner before the so
<lb/>called marriage she had sustained no injury in that way.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070128-19">
<interp inst="t19070128-19" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070128"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-19" type="date" value="19070128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-19-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-19-19070128 t19070128-19-offence-1 t19070128-19-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-19-19070128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-19-19070128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19070128" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19070128" type="surname" value="UNDERWOOD"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19070128" type="given" value="FREDERICK CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19070128" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">UNDERWOOD</hi>, Frederick Charles (21, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19070128-19-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-19-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-19-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>; feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19070128-name-62" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-62" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-62" type="surname" value="FAITHFULL"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-62" type="given" value="MARY JANE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-19-offence-1 t19070128-name-62"/>Mary Jane Faithfull</persName>, his wife being then alive.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Darker prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-63" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-63" type="surname" value="LARRANCE"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-63" type="given" value="CHARLOTTE"/>CHARLOTTE LARRANCE</persName> </hi>, married woman, 88, Fielding Road, Bedford Park. Prisoner is my brother. On January 24, 1897, I witnessed his marriage to my sister, Alice Garrard, at St. Jude's Church, Brix
<lb/>ton. I saw her alive six weeks ago. She only lived with him a very little while, something like a week.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-64" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-64" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-64" type="surname" value="FAITHFULL"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-64" type="given" value="MARY JANE"/>MARY JANE FAITHFULL</persName> </hi>, 14, Studland Street, Hammersmith. Pri
<lb/>soner went through a form of marriage with me on May 26, 1899. I have had three children. He has been a very bad husband to Mr. I was in service, and did not know he was a married man. He was then a carpet planner. I heard of his former marriage three years ago. I taxed him with it, and he said it was not right. I had not been living with him before the so-called marriage, nor had I had anything to do with him.</p>
<p>Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">ARTHUR ALLEN</hi>, T Division. I produce certified copies of the marriage certificates. I arrested prisoner, who said, "I have done wrong. When I married the woman Garrard I only stayed will her a fortnight, and parted. I was told she was dead. I did not make any inquiries to find out if she was dead. "</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19070128-19-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-19-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-19-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>The Recorder said this was a very different case from the last, and the gravity of it consisted in the injury to the second wife.</p>
<p>Sentence.
<rs id="t19070128-19-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-19-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-19-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-19070128 t19070128-19-punishment-17"/>Six months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070128-20">
<interp inst="t19070128-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070128"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-20" type="date" value="19070128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-20-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-19070128 t19070128-20-offence-1 t19070128-20-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280019"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-20-19070128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-20-19070128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19070128" type="age" value="44"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19070128" type="surname" value="DRUMMOND"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19070128" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19070128" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DRUMMOND</hi>, James (44, labourer)</persName>;
<rs id="t19070128-20-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-20-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-20-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19070128-20-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-20-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-20-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>of attempted unnatural offence with
<persName id="t19070128-name-66">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-66" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-66" type="surname" value="HORNE"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-66" type="given" value="PERCY CLAUD"/>Percy Claud Horne</persName> </rs>. Sentence,
<rs id="t19070128-20-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-20-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-20-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-19070128 t19070128-20-punishment-18"/>18 calendar months.</rs> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOURTH COURT</hi>; Tuesday, January 29.</p>
<p>(Before Judge Rentoul.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070128-21">
<interp inst="t19070128-21" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070128"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-21" type="date" value="19070128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-21-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-19070128 t19070128-21-offence-1 t19070128-21-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-21-19070128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-21-19070128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19070128" type="surname" value="CAPLAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19070128" type="given" value="ISRAEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CAPLAN</hi>. Israel</persName>,
<rs id="t19070128-21-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-21-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-21-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19070128-21-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-21-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-21-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="libel"/>to publishing a false and defama
<lb/>tory libel of and concerning
<persName id="t19070128-name-68" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-68" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-68" type="surname" value="ROSENBERG"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-68" type="given" value="MORRIS MORDECAI"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-21-offence-1 t19070128-name-68"/>Morris Mordecai Rosenberg</persName>.</rs>
<rs id="t19070128-21-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-21-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-21-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-19070128 t19070128-21-punishment-19"/>He was released on his own recognisances to come up for judgment when called upon.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070128-22">
<interp inst="t19070128-22" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070128"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-22" type="date" value="19070128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-22-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-19070128 t19070128-22-offence-1 t19070128-22-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-22-19070128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-22-19070128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19070128" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19070128" type="surname" value="HODGES"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19070128" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19070128" type="occupation" value="flower seller"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HODGES</hi>, William (21, flower seller)</persName>,
<rs id="t19070128-22-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-22-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-22-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19070128-22-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-22-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-22-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>to causing grievous bodily harm to
<persName id="t19070128-name-70" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-70" type="surname" value="GILBERT"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-70" type="given" value="ELI"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-22-offence-1 t19070128-name-70"/>Eli Gilbert</persName>, with intent to do him tome grievous bodily harm, and with intent to resist and prevent the lawful apprehension of himself.</rs> Several previous convictions were proved. Sentence,
<rs id="t19070128-22-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-22-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-22-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-19070128 t19070128-22-punishment-20"/>Four years' penal servitude</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070128-23">
<interp inst="t19070128-23" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070128"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-23" type="date" value="19070128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-23-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-19070128 t19070128-23-offence-1 t19070128-23-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-23-19070128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-23-19070128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19070128" type="surname" value="ANDERSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19070128" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANDERSON</hi>, Edward</persName>
<rs id="t19070128-23-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-23-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-23-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>; carnally knowing
<persName id="t19070128-name-72" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-72" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-72" type="surname" value="WATSON"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-72" type="given" value="IRENE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-23-offence-1 t19070128-name-72"/>Irene Watson</persName>, a girl above the age of 13 years and under the age of 16 years.</rs> Verdict,
<rs id="t19070128-23-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-23-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-23-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<persName id="t19070128-name-73">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-73" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-73" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-73" type="surname" value="POLAK"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-73" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-73" type="occupation" value="capcutter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">POLAK</hi>, Benjamin (34, capcutter)</persName>, pleaded guilty at January (1) Session of forgery and; uttering (see page 353). Prisoner had made no restitution, and said that he had no means of doing so. He was sentenced to nine months' hard labour.</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070128-25">
<interp inst="t19070128-25" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070128"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-25" type="date" value="19070128"/>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-25-19070128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-25-19070128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19070128" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19070128" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19070128" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19070128" type="occupation" value="fishmonger"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WRIGHT</hi>, William (30, fishmonger)</persName>,
<rs id="t19070128-25-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-25-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-25-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19070128-25-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-25-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-25-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assaultWithIntent"/>to attempting to carnally know
<persName id="t19070128-name-75" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-75" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-75" type="surname" value="WATSON"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-75" type="given" value="ROSINA HANNAH JANE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-25-offence-1 t19070128-name-75"/>Rosina Hannah Jane Watson</persName>, a girl under the age 13 years.</rs> Sentence,
<rs id="t19070128-25-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-25-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-25-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-19070128 t19070128-25-punishment-21"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070128-26">
<interp inst="t19070128-26" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070128"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-26" type="date" value="19070128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-26-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-19070128 t19070128-26-offence-1 t19070128-26-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-26-19070128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-26-19070128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19070128" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19070128" type="surname" value="BENTLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19070128" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19070128" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BENTLEY</hi>, Thomas (30, labourer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19070128-26-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-26-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-26-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19070128-26-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-26-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-26-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="perjury"/>to two charges of committing wilful and corrupt perjury</rs>. Sentence,
<rs id="t19070128-26-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-26-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-26-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-19070128 t19070128-26-punishment-22"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070128-27">
<interp inst="t19070128-27" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070128"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-27" type="date" value="19070128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-27-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-27-19070128 t19070128-27-offence-1 t19070128-27-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-27-19070128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-27-19070128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19070128" type="age" value="54"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19070128" type="surname" value="INNES"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19070128" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19070128" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">INNES</hi>, George (54, labourer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19070128-27-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-27-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-27-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>
<rs id="t19070128-27-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-27-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-27-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>to feloniously wound
<lb/>ing
<persName id="t19070128-name-78" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-78" type="surname" value="WEST"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-78" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-27-offence-1 t19070128-name-78"/>Arthur West</persName>, with intent to do him some grievous bodily harm.</rs>
<rs id="t19070128-27-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-27-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-27-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-27-19070128 t19070128-27-punishment-23"/>He was released on his own recognisances to come up for judgment when called upon.</rs> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>; Tuesday, January 29, Wednesday, January 30, and Thursday, January 31.</p>
<p>(Before Judge Rentoul.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070128-28">
<interp inst="t19070128-28" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070128"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-28" type="date" value="19070128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-28-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28-19070128 t19070128-28-offence-1 t19070128-28-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-28-19070128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-28-19070128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19070128" type="age" value="39"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19070128" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19070128" type="given" value="ROBERT HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19070128" type="occupation" value="carman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMPSON</hi>, Robert Henry (39, carman)</persName>
<rs id="t19070128-28-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-28-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-28-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="kidnapping"/>; taking
<persName id="t19070128-name-80" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-80" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-80" type="surname" value="KENT"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-80" type="given" value="MARGARET LOUISA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-28-offence-1 t19070128-name-80"/>Margaret Louisa Kent</persName>, an unmarried girl under the age of 18 years, out of the posses
<lb/>sion of and against the will of her mother,
<persName id="t19070128-name-81" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-81" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-81" type="surname" value="SALMON"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-81" type="given" value="MARGARET LOUISA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-28-offence-1 t19070128-name-81"/>Margaret Louisa Salmon</persName>. (Evidence unfit for publication.)</rs> Verdict.
<rs id="t19070128-28-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-28-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-28-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>. Prisoner (who bore a good general character) was sentenced to
<rs id="t19070128-28-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-28-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-28-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28-19070128 t19070128-28-punishment-24"/>three mouths' imprison
<lb/>ment in the second division.</rs> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280020"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>; Wednesday, January 30.</p>
<p>(Before Mr. Justice Kennedy.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070128-29">
<interp inst="t19070128-29" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070128"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-29" type="date" value="19070128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-29-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-29-19070128 t19070128-29-offence-1 t19070128-29-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-29-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-29-19070128 t19070128-29-offence-2 t19070128-29-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-29-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-29-19070128 t19070128-29-offence-3 t19070128-29-verdict-3"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-29-19070128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-29-19070128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19070128" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19070128" type="surname" value="CHURCH"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19070128" type="given" value="FREDERICK GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19070128" type="occupation" value="painter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHURCH</hi>, Frederick George (40, painter)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t19070128-29-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-29-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-29-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/> for and charged on the coroner's inquisition with the wilful murder of his wife,
<persName id="t19070128-name-83" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-83" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-83" type="surname" value="CHURCH"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-83" type="given" value="FANNY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-29-offence-1 t19070128-name-83"/>Fanny Church</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Charles Mathews and Mr. Arnold Ward prosecuted; Mr. Per
<lb/>cival Clarke (at the request of the Court) defended.</p>
<p>Mr. Mathews said that, so far as the charge of murder was con
<lb/>cerned, he should, with the sanction of Mr. Justice Kennedy, offer no evidence against the prisoner.</p>
<p>His lordship assented, and on his direction the jury returned a verdict of
<rs id="t19070128-29-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-29-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-29-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>Not guilty of wilful murder</rs>. The trial proceeded on an indictment charging prisoner with
<rs id="t19070128-29-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-29-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-29-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>feloniously wounding
<persName id="t19070128-name-84" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-84" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-84" type="surname" value="CHURCH"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-84" type="given" value="FANNY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-29-offence-2 t19070128-name-84"/>Fanny Church</persName> with intent to murder her,</rs>
<rs id="t19070128-29-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-29-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-29-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>or with intent to do her some grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-85" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-85" type="surname" value="CHURCH"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-85" type="given" value="ARTHUR FREDERICK GEORGE"/>ARTHUR FREDERICK GEORGE CHURCH</persName> </hi>, son of the prisoner, 13 1/2 years of age. On October 27 I was living at 48, Cornwall Road, Totten
<lb/>ham. My father came home about half past eight that night. My mother was standing at the street door; she said to father, "Are you afraid to go upstairs?"He did not answer. They had a few words in the kitchen. I do not know what it was about. After that my three little sisters and I went to bed; we all slept in the same room, but I had a bed to myself. I was awakened about half-past two in the morning by a cracking sound, and I saw father strike mother on the left side of the head with a bobbing foot; there was a lamp alight in the room; they were both dressed. I got up in bed and put my arms round father's neck to try to get the hobbing-foot away; I said, "Daddy, stop that," and I called out to my sister to fetch Mr. Harman; he is a man that lives downstairs, and she went. Father said, "Some
<lb/>body is trying to let paraffin oil down through the fanlight, and drop it on to the lamp to burn us all up." When Mr. Harman started to come upstairs father called out to him, "If you put a foot on these stairs I will serve you the same." I heard Mr. Harman tell some
<lb/>body to fetch a policeman. When the policeman came he said to father. "Come with me"; and father said to us children when he went with the policeman, he said, "Good-bye, I am going to be hung; you won't see me any more."</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I do not know whether father was afraid to go upstairs or not. I have heard him say that somebody was after him.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280021"/>
<p>The noise that woke me up mounded as if somebody had knocked up against the table. It was near Mr. Mother was lying on my sister's ted. I heard mother say to father on Thursday night, "I am not going to be murdered"; and I think the night before she slept in the kitchen in a chair, and father said, "It is not you that is going to be murdered, it's me." He did not say who was going to murder him. I had noticed that father had been strange in his manner. I have seem him like it before. Once he stabbed mother in the passage find he was sent to prison for a month; once he out his own throat; that was three years ago.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-86" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-86" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-86" type="surname" value="CHURCH"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-86" type="given" value="MINNIE ROSETTA"/>MINNIE ROSETTA CHURCH</persName> </hi>. Prisoner is my father, I am 11 1/2 years old, and I lived with my parents at 48, Cornwall Road, Tottenham. On October 26 father and mother were in the kitchen when I when to bed. I slept in one bed with my sisters; Arthur slept in another bed. I woke up in the night and saw father sitting on the bed look
<lb/>ing through a glass door that leads to the kitchen; mother was asleep, and I went to sleep again. Some time alter I woke up again and saw father moving the table towards the door, and mother said, "Are you trying to barricade the door so that I cannot get out?"Farther said, "You can move it back again if you like." I did not see any
<lb/>thing in his hand. The next night I was woke up again, and I saw father in the same position as before, looking through the glass door; mother was in the room; she was half asleep and half awake, and I went to sleep again. I was awakened by a cracking sound, I was frightened, and put my head under the clothes. When I looked out I saw Arthur trying to get the hobbing-root stand out of father's hand and Arthur called out to me to fetch Mr. Harm an, and I did. He came out into the passage and I went upstairs. I said to father, "You won't touch Mr. Harman, will you?" He said, "If he puts a foot on these stairs I will serve him the same as I have her." He said it loud enough for Mr. Harman to hear it. Mr. Harman said, "What have I done to you, Fred?"When the police came father said, "Good-bye. I am going to be hung."</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I don't remember all that he said, but I re
<lb/>member his saying, "Ada has been running up and down the street all night saying we are going to have a new father"; but she could not have been doing that as she was with me nearly all night. It was after he had barricaded the door that he said somebody was after him. He was looking through the glass door, as if he expected somebody after him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-87" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-87" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-87" type="surname" value="HARMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-87" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT HARMAN</persName> </hi>. I lived for six months at No. 48, in the same road, with the prisoner and his wife. On October 26 I saw prisoner standing at the front door; it was about half-past eight; he said to me, "It's very cold to-night." Mrs. Church came up then, and said to him, "Why don't you come upstairs, are you afraid?"He made no reply. She then went upstairs and he followed her. Some time after I went to bed. About two o'clock I was awakened by Minnie "Church calling Mr. When I got out in the passage Arthur said,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280022"/>
<p>"Wait a minute; I will tell father who it is." I called out, "Now then. Fred"; and he called out, "All right. Bob." I then heard Arthur say to prisoner, "You will not hit Mr. Harman, will you" He said "If he puts a foot on these stairs I will serve him the same as I have her."</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I had been talking to him some time before I heard his wife ask him if he was afraid. I do not know what he was afraid of I cannot say whether he was drunk or not.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I was living with prisoner in the middle of Sep
<lb/>tember last year. One night, after I had gone to bed, I heard Mrs. Church call out for help. My wife brought a lamp, and I saw prisoner and his wife on the floor. I took hold of prisoner's left hand; he was sticking something in her back. I then got hold of prisoner's right hand and I saw a knife fall out of it. We then got up off the floor, and I saw that Mrs. Church was stabbed in the middle of the back. Prisoner said, "I must give myself up, Bob, for stabbing my wife." I went with him to the police station at West Green Road and he gave himself up.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-88" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-88" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-88" type="surname" value="HARMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-88" type="given" value="ADA"/>ADA HARMAN</persName> </hi>, wife of the last witness. Prisoner was not at work on the 26th; he was in and out of the house all day long. I cannot tell if he was sober or not. During the night I was awakened by Minnie knocking at the bedroom door. I heard prisoner call out, "I will serve you the same as I have her if you come up here; you saved her before, but you are too late this timer." My husband then sent for a policeman. I went upstairs when the policeman came, and I saw Mrs. Church lying on the bed in the children's room; she was unconscious; prisoner was fully dressed. He pointed to his wife and said, "Now I shall be hung"; and he also said, "Mr. Aylett has been trying to pour paraffin oil through the fanlight."</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner was standing at the door about half-past eight; I never spoke to him; he seemed to be strange in his manner to Mr. His wife said to me that she believed he was going out of his mind; she said she was going to see the relieving officer to have him put away. She has told me that he seemed very jealous because Mr. Aylett had come to live next door but one. Prisoner often said that somebody was coming after him to take him away in a hansom cab. There was a fanlight in the room, but there was not any paraffin.</p>
<p>Re-examined. We have lived at 48, Cornwall Road twice. We moved once from 48 to another house in the same road and then back again. I have known prisoner and his wife about four or five years. I never saw much of him, only when he came in and out; I saw more of Mrs. Church. She told me that while he was in prison for stabbing her she thought he was jealous because Mr. Aylett had come to live next door but one to us.</p>
<p>Police Constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM FIDDY</hi>, 306 N. About 2. 30 in the early morning of October 27 I went to 48, Cornwall Road, Tottenham. Upstairs on the landing I saw prisoner; he said, "Come on upstairs,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280023"/>
<p>constable, come and see what I have done." I followed him to the bedroom; Mrs. Church was lying on the bed bleeding from the head. I asked prisoner what he had been doing; he replied," I don't know; I had to do it." On the table I saw the iron foot-stand (produced); that is a thing used in mending boots; prisoner said that was what he had done it with. I told him I should take him to the station; he said, "All right, governor, I'll come." At the station, in reply to the charge, he said, "It was with the wooden end I done it; I am glad to hear she is not dead." I was altogether in prisoner's company about a quarter of an hour; he appeared very strange in his manner, very excited; he was shaking and trembling; he seemed to be per
<lb/>fectly sober.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-89" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-89" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-89" type="surname" value="RENTON"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-89" type="given" value="JAMES MLL"/>JAMES MLL RENTON</persName> </hi>, House Surgeon at Tottenham Hospital. De
<lb/>ceased was admitted on October 27, and came under my care on No
<lb/>vember 1. She had a fracture of the base of the skull, also an external wound in the scarp, two inches or so above the left ear, and a flesh wound in the neck; also a fracture of the jaw on the left side in the ascending ramus, close to the neck of it. The injuries might have been inflicted with the instrument produced. On December 6, as labour was commencing, she was dismissed to the Edmonton Union maternity ward. She had then made considerable progress towards recovery.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-90" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-90" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-90" type="surname" value="CUNNINGHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-90" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE CUNNINGHAM</persName> </hi>, Assistant Medical Officer, Edmonton In
<lb/>firmary. Mrs. Church was confined of a child in the maternity ward on the 7th; the child died on the 12th. I first saw the woman on the 13th; her temperature was then about 101; it remained high till the 17th. On that day I diagnosed that she was suffering from scarlet fever. She died on December 31 from meningitis. On inquiry I satisfied myself that she had contracted scarlet fever from infected blankets in the ambulance in which she was brought from the hospital to the infirmary.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-91" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-91" type="surname" value="WILCOX"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-91" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY WILCOX</persName> </hi>, M. D., Lecturer on forensic medicine at St. Mary's Hospital, Home Office analyst. I made a post-mortem examination on January 6. On the left side of the skull there was a depressed crack; one piece, two inches in diameter, was bashed in; there were five radiating cracks, two of which ran down into the base of the skull. The instrument (produced) would have been sufficient to cause these injuries. Assuming a person to be in normal health, the injuries would be most serious and dangerous. The principal organs of the body, the heart, kidneys, and brain, showed marked signs of blood poisoning; both the brain and the spinal cord had meningitis; pus was oozing from an abscess through the fracture at the base of the skull; the abscess was probably due to the scarlet fever. The cause of death I take to be meningitis, with accompanying sap
<lb/>tisemia; the abscess would account for both, but it probably would not have caused meningitis had there been no fracture.</p>
<p>Inspector
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN HAWES</hi>, N Division. I have made inquiries at Tottenham Police Station as to prisoner's mental condition. In 1900</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280024"/>
<p>he was detained in Edmonton Infirmary, suffering from delusions, for nine days, when he was taken away by his wife. On August 6. 1901 he attempted suicide by cutting his throat.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>Dr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES SCOTT</hi>, medical officer at Brixton Prison. Prisoner was received on October 27; I have had him under observation for three months, and had a number of interviews with him. As to his state of mind immediately before October 27, judging from his statements to me, which I think he believed, he was in bodily fear of Aylett and he also believed that his wife was in complicity with Aylett. He told me that he thought he heard Aylett's voice coming through tin wall of the house at all hours of the day and night, saying that he would come in and pour boiling water down his throat and kill him; he thought his wife had agreed with Aylett that she should open the door to admit him when prisoner was asleep, so that he might do him violence. I consider that these ideas were insane de
<lb/>lusions. A man holding such ideas would, in my opinion, not properly appreciate the wrongful character of the act he did.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner told me that on a day in September his tea tasted peculiar, and he felt so convinced that, his wife had tried to drug him that he tried to induce sickness to get rid of it. He told me that his object in assaulting his wife in September was to get taken away, as he feared what might happen to him if he stayed at home. I regard all this as delusional mania. I cannot say that he did not know the nature of the act he was doing; has own statements showed that he acted under the idea of self-preservation. With regard to his statement to Harman, "You saved her life before, but you are too late this time." I think he was confused and scarcely knew what he said; he was in a state of abject terror. As to his words, "Good
<lb/>bye, I am going to be hung," I will not go further than Chat he did not properly appreciate the wrongful character of his act; I can
<lb/>not say that he did not know its nature and, to some extent, know that it was wrong; but I do not think he had a proper appreciation. I think he is still under the influence of these delusions, and still believes to some extent in his wife's complicity. He is in my opinion insane to that extent.</p>
<p>To the Court. I think there is hardily any lunatic who does not know to some extent the nature of his acts and also their quality. The whole point is what we include under the word "know"; though a person may know to some extent, there may be lacking a proper appreciation of the character of the act; there may not be proper reasoning control. The old idea of monomania is not now accepted as a rule; it is considered by psychologists that, if a person has insane delusions, they indicate a diseased state of mind.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19070128-29-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-29-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-29-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty of wounding with intent to murder;</rs>
<rs id="t19070128-29-verdict-3" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-29-verdict-3" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-29-verdict-3" type="verdictSubcategory" value="insane"/>guilty of wounding with intent to do grievous bodily harm, but that prisoner was insane a: the time, so as not to be responsible in law for his act.</rs>
<rs id="t19070128-29-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-29-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-29-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="insanity"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-29-19070128 t19070128-29-punishment-25"/>He was ordered to be detained during His Majesty's pleasure.</rs> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280025"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>; Wednesday, January 30.</p>
<p>(Before the Recorder.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070128-30">
<interp inst="t19070128-30" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070128"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-30" type="date" value="19070128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-30-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-19070128 t19070128-30-offence-1 t19070128-30-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-30-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-19070128 t19070128-30-offence-2 t19070128-30-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-30-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-19070128 t19070128-30-offence-3 t19070128-30-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-30-19070128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-30-19070128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19070128" type="age" value="43"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19070128" type="surname" value="OWEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19070128" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19070128" type="occupation" value="bird dealer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OWEN</hi>, William (43, bird dealer)</persName>
<rs id="t19070128-30-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-30-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-30-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>; stealing 28 lb. of rubber cable, the goods of
<persName id="t19070128-name-93" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-93" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-30-offence-1 t19070128-name-93"/>Siemens Brothers and Co., Limited</persName>, and feloniously receiving same;</rs>
<rs id="t19070128-30-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-30-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-30-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/>feloniously receiving one piece of manganese bronze, the goods of
<persName id="t19070128-name-94" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-94" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-30-offence-2 t19070128-name-94"/>Vickers, Sons, and Maxim, Limited</persName>, well knowing it to have been stolen;</rs>
<rs id="t19070128-30-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-30-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-30-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/>feloniously receiving certain aluminium and other fittings, the goods of
<persName id="t19070128-name-95" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-95" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-95" type="given" value="TREVOR CHINNOCK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-30-offence-3 t19070128-name-95"/>Trevor Chinnock Davis</persName>, well knowing them to have been stolen.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. J. P. Grain and Mr. Eustace Fulton prosecuted; Mr. Basil Watson defended.</p>
<p>Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">HENRY TARBARD</hi>, R Division. About nine o'clock on the morning of January 12 I was on duty in plain clothes in Albion Road, Woolwich, with Sergeant Webber, when I saw prisoner driving a high cart which appeared to be rather heavily weighted. I called upon him to atop, and Webber said, "I wish to speak to you." Pri
<lb/>soner said, "Do you want £20?"I said, "What do you mean?" He replied, "Do you want 20 golden sovereign?"I said, "No; we wish to see what you have in your cart." He said, "You do not want to look in there; I will make it £30." I said, "We do not do business like that," and I got into the cart. He then said, "I will make it £30 each, and you can have anything I have in the shop." I had not told him we were police officers, but he knew it very well. I told him to drive into a back street. He wanted to get home, but eventually, after a lot of pressure, did as directed. I then searched the cart and found about 2 cwt. of copper wire in sacks, 84 lb. sheet lend, a lot of cable wire, which is not the subject of a charge, 84 lb. mixed metal, 28 lb. brass, and 28 lb. rubber cable casing. Those were sill in separate sacks, and on the top of the cart there were two bird cages. When we had got the property on to the ground I said to him: "Where did you get this?" He said, "It came from Erith. I would not tell you who brought it for £1. 000. It has come from Erith. It is stolen, but has never been missed, and no one will know if you let me go." He also said, "I have two gold rings at home you can have. "I told him he would have to go to the station. On the way he said, "I will tell you where it has come from if you let me go." I said, "I can promise you nothing." He said, "It has come from Callenders'. Now will you let me go?"Callenders are cable manufacturers at Erith. At the station he was charged with the unlawful possession of the whole of the property found in his cart, and, in reply, said, "All right." The 28 lb. of rubber was afterwards identified by Mr. Diselhorst, manager to Messrs. Siemens, Bros., and Co. Other property iden
<lb/>tified was a piece of manganese bronze, some brass fittings belonging to Messrs. Vickers, Sons, and Maxim, and some bicycle brake fittings (564 pieces in all) belonging to Mr. Davis, of Bishopsgate Street.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280026"/>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner's shop at No. 13, Church Street, Wool
<lb/>wich, is from 25 yards to 30 yards from the Dockyard gates. A police officer is on duty at the Dockyard gates day and night, but not within sight of the shop. An officer on duty aft the gates could not see the shop at all. I did not take the cart back to the shoo because I did not wish to take it back. I do not think that to search a possibly innocent man's cart in the street was quite un
<lb/>necessary. I know that about five weeks ago a man named Martin was charged before Mr. Baggalley with receiving coal, and that after three hearings he was acquitted. It does not strike me as an unreasonable thing for an innocent man to suggest that he would pay £20 father than be taken to the police-court three times and eventually acquitted. Prisoner is ostensibly a dealer in birds, and there is nothing to indicate that he deals in anything else. I do not know than one side of the shop is kept far furniture dealing, or that he goes frequently to Caledonian Market to buy stuff of all sorts. I should not say you could buy such stuff as he is charged with stealing at the Caledonian Market. I also searched prisoner's house. Property was found there that we could not find owners for. I did not find £20 there. As to prisoner's statement that some of the wire came from Callenders', I am sure I did not mis
<lb/>take Callenders' for Caledonian.</p>
<p>Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES WEBBER</hi>, R Division, gave corroborative evidence.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-96" type="surname" value="DISELHORST"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-96" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM DISELHORST</persName> </hi>. I have been in the employment of Messrs. Siemens Bros, for a great many years. The rubber produced is the insulation if the cable, and cannot be very much more than six weeks old. It has been cut off cables. I identify it as the property of Messrs. Siemens.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. We have been missing stuff for the last thirty years. We have cables all over the works, and cannot tell where the rubber is taken from. We employ about 2,000 men, and there is a lot of pilfering of anything that can be put into the pocket. We try our best to put a stop to it, but cannot do it. It is valuable to us even in its present state—I should say from 3s. 6d. to 4s. per lb.—but I should not say it is worth that in the open market. I have never been to Caledonian Market. As to how I identify the rubber, I took one or two pieces and had them analysed. There are besides marks on the rubber; for instance, the pure rubber inside is laid on in a particular way, and it is easy for anyone who knows about the manufacture of this rubber to tell that it is our rubber. The analysis is quite clear, too. There are five or six different things which coin
<lb/>cide exactly. I cannot go into all the details. The rubber (pro
<lb/>duced) round wire is not our rubber. We spread our rubber over with a solution on both sides. This has not been spread on both sides, and therefore the overlapping at this stage is white. Other firms make rubber like this.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-97" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-97" type="surname" value="SALMON"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-97" type="given" value="CECIL"/>CECIL SALMON</persName> </hi>, sub manager of Messrs. Vickers, Sons, and Maxim, Erith. The piece of manganese bronze produced is the property of</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280027"/>
<p>Messrs. Vickers and Co. They do not sell manganese bronze in that state, but only in a finished state. This piece was cast about three months ago and is well preserved, and has been rough machined quite recently.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. If a piece of manganese was rubbed up the moment it was cast it would change in appearance if moisture got to it. The finished piece I have here is changing even now. The atmo
<lb/>sphere would affect it even if it was wrapped up. If the material of the covering was a good conductor of moisture it would keep its appearance. The piece produced has not shown any discoloration whatever. We employ about 3,000 hands, but I do not admit that there is generally someone we cannot detect who is carrying off small articles. Manganese bronze like this would not be sold at Woolwich Arsenal.</p>
<p>Re-examined. They do not put this sort of stuff into rummage sales. This is a new piece.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-98" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-98" type="given" value="TREVOR CHINNOCK"/>TREVOR CHINNOCK DAVIS</persName> </hi>, druggists' sundries man, 89, Bishopsgate. The bicycle brake fittings produced are my property and have my mark on them. They are not newly made, but have never been used. I used to keep them in boxes. When spoken to by the detective I examined the boxes. I had not previously examined them for two or three months, when they were nearly full. When the detectives called my attention to them they were nearly empty. These things related to a motor-cycle business I had had some five years back, and were stowed away.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I am certain that I saw them safe three months ago. I am the patentee and the owner and manufacturer of the brakes. They were removed from my place at Penge some five years back. I did not take stock when I arrived in Bishopsgate. I only know that the boxes were full. As far as I recollect, Webber asked me if I was the maker of the Chinnock brake and I said "Yes." I found the business did not pay and so I gave it up.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-99" type="surname" value="OWEH"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-99" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM OWEH</persName> </hi> (prisoner on oath). I sell birds, furniture, and general articles, tools, and everything else. I bought the brake fit
<lb/>tings in the Caledonian road about six months ago. I recollect it well. I dare say there are 500 dealers in the Caledonian Market. The man who sold them to me told me they were part of a bankrupt's stock. I tried to see what I could get for them. I asked a man named Mercer. I believe he is here to-day. He was outside when I came in. I bought the rubber last Friday in the Farringdon Market. Albert Mardell was with me when I bought it. The man
<lb/>ganese bronze I also bought in the Caledonian Market. I have con
<lb/>stantly been to the market with Mardell and his brother. Sometimes I was with the two together. As to why I offered the £20 when I was stopped on the Saturday, I was naturally very frightened, as I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280028"/>
<p>know of Martin having to go three times to Woolwich Police Court and I did not want the trouble and disgrace of going to the police court, though I know the property was come by honestly, and I offered the police £20. Their other statements are a mistake. My shop is within 25 yards of an officer who is on duty day and night at the dock-yard. I have been there six years. There is an officer walking up and down the street all day. I have never had any sort of charge brought against me before, and have never been in a police court in my life.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I do not know anyone of the name of Perkins. The book (produced) was found on Mr. It contains the entry, "88, Samuel Street, Perkins," in my writing. I do not know that a man named Perkins was employed by Mr. Davis. The Perkins in ques
<lb/>tion was employed at a farm in Little Heath. I do not know why I made the note. He works about five minutes' walk from my shop, and I think I took the address when he wanted some pigeons. I know Robinson and Co., iron merchants, of East Greenwich. They deal in such manganese bronze as was found in my cart. I have called upon them within the last few days with a view to buying bronze like that so that I could prove my innocence. This stuff is sold all over the country. I did not buy any of Robinson's because they did not happen to have any. When I was stopped I was going to Deptford to sell my stuff. I bought all the other goods that were found in the Caledonian Market. You can buy them any Friday you like. The Bicycle fittings were exhibited on the ground for anyone to see when I bought them. I put them in the tin (produced). I have been out on bail, and last Friday I went to find the man who bought them, hut owing to the snow there were very few people at the market, and I could not meet him. I paid 3s. for the piece of manganese bronze I bought the India rubber to sell again, and gave 3s. for that lot. I told the police officers I would give them £20 to let me go, as I did not want to go to the police station if I could help it. They said they wanted what was in the cart. I did not say, "You do not want to look in there. I will make it £30."That is absolutely false. He did not say, "We do not do business like that." I did not tell him the stuff came from Erith; I told him it came from the Caledonian Market. I did not say, "No one will know if you let me go." There were two gold rings in the house belonging to my wife. Tarbard did not say he could not promise me anything. I did not say the stuff came from Callender's. I do not know Vickers, and have never been near their premises. I know Siemens' works. I do not live far from there. I knew the two officers by sight, and they knew me; they have known me for years. They have been to my shop before—on police business; perhaps with inquiring minds or possibly with longing eyes. They have never bought anything of Mr.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I have been at the shop six years, and no charge has ever been brought against Mr. They did not buy a canary or even a note book.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280029"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-100" type="surname" value="MERCER"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-100" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM MERCER</persName> </hi>, 14, Douglas Street, Deptford, foreman metal and rubber sorter, of Messrs. Donal, McCall, and Co., Greenwich, metal and rubber merchants. I have had 20 or 23 years' experience of the rubber trade. I have compared the two specimens of rubber (pro
<lb/>duced). Most rubbers are very similar. I should not like to swear that the rubber taken from the prisoner was Siemens'. I have bought Siemens' rubber from other firms. The Last lot I inspected was 16 tons. I remember that some months ago prisoner showed me a sample of aluminium brake fittings, and asked me the value of them. It. was on a Friday, and he said he had been that day to the Caledonian Market. I have known him some years.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. As foreman I naturally had a great many other things to think of, but I remember this circumstance. My firm buy cable strippings, but not in such small quantity as was found in pri
<lb/>soner's cart. We have to strip it when we buy it, and cut it into short lengths. We should buy old rubber without inquiry.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-101" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-101" type="surname" value="MERCADO"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-101" type="given" value="MOSES"/>MOSES MERCADO</persName> </hi>. I both buy and sell in the Caledonian Market. It is possible to both buy and sell brake fittings, and iron and rubber goods there. You can buy nearly everything in the world there. There are 500 sellers, I dare say more.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. They never make inquiries there. You buy a pig in a poke.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-102" type="surname" value="MARDELL"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-102" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM MARDELL</persName> </hi>, coal merchant and goods contractor. I know prisoner, and have been with him to Caledonian Market often, and have seen him buy stuff of all sorts, old furniture, any small articles, old rubber, piping, leather, metal work, anything. I have seen him buy watches. There are plenty to be sold there. I was so satisfied as to prisoner's character that I stood bail for him in £200.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-103" type="surname" value="MARDELL"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-103" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT MARDELL</persName> </hi>, brother of last witness. I know prisoner, and have been to Caledonian Market with him, and have seen him buy things of all sorts. I am with my brother in business, but not in partnership.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-104" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-104" type="surname" value="NORREY"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-104" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>MICHAEL NORREY</persName> </hi>, retired instrument maker. I have known prisoner all his life, and have known him to be a straight and honest man all the time.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19070128-30-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-30-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-30-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not Guilty on all the indictments.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070128-31">
<interp inst="t19070128-31" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070128"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-31" type="date" value="19070128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-31-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-31-19070128 t19070128-31-offence-1 t19070128-31-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-31-19070128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-31-19070128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19070128" type="age" value="59"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19070128" type="surname" value="FRENCH"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19070128" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19070128" type="occupation" value="journeyman tailor"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FRENCH</hi>, George (59, journeyman tailor)</persName>
<rs id="t19070128-31-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-31-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-31-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>; stealing a suit of clothes, the goods of
<persName id="t19070128-name-106" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-106" type="surname" value="BROOKS"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-106" type="given" value="WALTER GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-31-offence-1 t19070128-name-106"/>Walter George Brooks</persName>, his master, and feloni
<lb/>ously receiving same; stealing an overcoat, the goods of
<persName id="t19070128-name-107" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-107" type="surname" value="BICK"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-107" type="given" value="MORRIS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-31-offence-1 t19070128-name-107"/>Morris Bick</persName>, and feloniously receiving same.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. J. S. Henderson prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-108" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-108" type="given" value="ALONZO EDWARD"/>ALONZO EDWARD TAYLOR</persName> </hi>. I am a partner in the firm of Walter George Brooks, Godliman Street. I remember prisoner coming to the premises on December 29, 1905, and asking for work, and I gave him a new suit that had been returned to alter. He was to take that suit to the top floor of our building, where we have a workshop. He went up to the workshop, and I did not see him again nor the suit. The value of the suit was 50s. It belonged to a customer. I saw</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280030"/>
<p>the prisoner about two or three months ago coming up the steps of the Cannon Street Station of the Metropolitan Railway. I said, "Mr. French?" He replied, "Yes." I said, "You are a very un
<lb/>grateful man, after I had helped you, for taking the suit as you did." He replied. "I did so. It is the first timer. I will not do so again." I said, "If I had time I would give you into custody." I believe that is all the conversation that passed between us. I then moved away I afterwards learned that he had been taken into custody.</p>
<p>To prisoner. It was no doubt, my duty to give you in charge then, but, as I told the Lord Mayor at the Mansion House, there was no policeman in sight. There is a side passage, by which you could leave the cutting room without being seen by anyone in the shop, above which there are offices. We do not give a lot of our work out to the Jews. We do give some. This was not a suit of clothes made by the Jews that did not fit. You worked for me before for about two months. You did not say, "I am very sorry if that suit has gone missing, but if you think I stole it give me in charge."</p>
<p>To the Court. Information was given to the police at the time of the robbery, and later on one of the detectives arrested prisoner in the "Black Swan" public house, near my place of business, and came to me on January 5 last to inform me of the arrest. Prisoner had been already identified by one of my employees and taken to the station.</p>
<p>Prisoner. It is rather a funny thing for a guilty man to be hang
<lb/>ing round the place where you say he stole the clothes.</p>
<p>Witness. The owner of the suit was a Mr. Brooks, employed by the Muntz Metal Company, of Mark Lane.</p>
<p>To a juror. I did not give fresh instructions to the police after I saw prisoner at Cannon Street Station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-109" type="surname" value="GREENLEAF"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-109" type="given" value="MAURICE"/>MAURICE GREENLEAF</persName> </hi>, living at Walthamstow. On December 29, 1905, I was in Brocks' employ, and was in the workshop at the top of the building, when prisoner came up and asked if I could bring him a job. I referred him to my employer, and prisoner shortly afterwards brought a suit, which he said Mr. Taylor had given him to alter. He said he did not understand what the chalk marks on the clothes meant, and I explained them to him. He then said he would go down and get written instructions, and took the suit out of the workshop, and after that I did not see him or the suit again.</p>
<p>Constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">FRED PIERCY</hi>, City Police. On the 5th of this month I was on duty with another officer in Carter Lane and saw prisoner go into the public bar of the "Black Swan." As he answered to the description I went to Brooks's shop, and returned in company with Albert Edward Sumpter. Sumpter went into the house and called French by his name. French came outside. We then told him we were police officers, and that Sumpter had given him into custody for stealing a suit of clothes on December 29, 1905. He said be knew nothing about it, and that his name was net French.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PRISONER</hi> (not on oath) contended that Taylor by not giving him into custody at the station had become accessory He did not deny</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280031"/>
<p>that he had the suit to alter, or that he took it up to titer, but said that on finding that the suit had been made by Jews in the East End of London, being an English tailor, he objected to doing altera
<lb/>tions to foreign-made work, and took it out of the workshop with the intention of taking it back to Mr. Taylor, so he left the suit out
<lb/>side the cutting-room door and walked out. That he had not avoided the neighbourhood was shown by his being in a public-house near the shop, which he thought proved there was no guilt about the matter at all.</p>
<p>In answer to the Jury the witness
<hi rend="smallCaps">TAYLOR</hi> said it was customary to work by chalk marks and by oral instructions as well. The suit was not a Jewish made suit, the coat having been made by an Irishman, the waistcoat by an English woman, and the trousers by a German. Prisoner had not been in the habit of taking things to his own house to alter.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19070128-31-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-31-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-31-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty. The indictment respecting the overcoat of Morris. Bick was not proceeded with.</rs> Prisoner, about whom little is known beyond that he has been in the Fusiliers and has since been in America, was sentenced to
<rs id="t19070128-31-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-31-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-31-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-31-19070128 t19070128-31-punishment-26"/>six months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070128-32">
<interp inst="t19070128-32" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070128"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-32" type="date" value="19070128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-32-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-32-19070128 t19070128-32-offence-1 t19070128-32-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-32-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-32-19070128 t19070128-32-offence-1 t19070128-32-verdict-2"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-32-19070128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-32-19070128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19070128" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19070128" type="surname" value="SHADBOLT"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19070128" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19070128" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SHADBOLT</hi>, Edward (28, labourer)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-32-19070128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-32-19070128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-32-19070128" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def2-32-19070128" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="def2-32-19070128" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<interp inst="def2-32-19070128" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GREEN</hi>, Harry (20, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19070128-32-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-32-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-32-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, breaking and entering a certain place of divine worship, to wit, the
<placeName id="t19070128-geo-1">
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-32-offence-1 t19070128-geo-1"/>Wesleyan Church, Enfield</placeName>, and stealing therein a Bible and other articles, the goods of
<persName id="t19070128-name-112" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-112" type="surname" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-112" type="given" value="JAMES HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-32-offence-1 t19070128-name-112"/>James Henry Bailey</persName>, and felo
<lb/>nicusly receiving same.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-113" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-113" type="surname" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-113" type="given" value="JAMES HENRY"/>JAMES HENRY BAILEY</persName> </hi>, Chase Green Avenue, Enfield, called on behalf of the trustees, proved that the Wesleyan Church was used for divine worship.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-114" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-114" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-114" type="surname" value="ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-114" type="given" value="MARIA"/>MARIA ALLEN</persName> </hi>, wife of Authur Allen, 5, Holly Place, Chase Side, Enfield. On January 7 I closed the church about a quarter to eight, fastened all the windows, and left all secure.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-115" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-115" type="surname" value="ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-115" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR ALLEN</persName> </hi>, caretaker. My duties took me to the church on the evening of January 7 about 9. 15. When I opened the door with a latch key I heard a noise inside. I went outside to see if I could see anyone, and then went in again and stood upon the mat I heard another noise, a shuffling noise of some kind, and after waiting some seconds someone called out, "Give us a chance, governor." I said, "All right, come on out." I got on to the steps, and two men pawed me so close that I could touch them. I know Shadbolt well and recognise him. I was standing at the side entrance—the minister's door. There are two lamps, one in the front of the entrance and the other at the side. I had my back to the two lamps and they passed me quite close. I called out, and a young man came up and asked me if I wanted any as
<lb/>sistance. A policeman afterwards came up, and in company with him I went into the church. I examined the drawers in the minister's vestry, and found they had been tampered with. The furniture was disarranged. A Bible had been put on the chair</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280032"/>
<p>and an inkstand on the mantelpiece. A table hid been placed on its side. In the schoolroom a cupboard bad been broken up, and there was a cardboard box missing which had contained about 1s. or 1s. 3d. A girl's workbox had been broken open, the padlock wrenched off, and the work placed upon a chair. I afterwards found that a window had been forced from the outside with a chisel, and an entrance effected in that way. Between ten and eleven the same evening I was summoned to the station by the police. I there picked out Shadbolt from a number of other men. I do not swear to Green.</p>
<p>Sub-Divisional Inspector
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS TRIGG</hi>, stationed at Enfield. On the evening of January 7 I saw the two prisoners in Church Street, Enfield, about half past eight, about 150 yards away from the church. I next saw them at about half past 10 at the station, having in the meantime received information that the Wesley an Church, Chase Side, had been broken into. Allen at once identified Shadbolt. As the result of what I heard, and also of what I knew, I also arrested Green. They were charged with committing sacrilege at the Wesleyan Church, and in reply Shadbolt said, "I have been home all day, and Harry Green has not left me the whole of the day. You saw us in Enfield Town about half past eight this evening, and we wished you good-night. We saw you go into the draper's shop in Church Street at nine, and we saw Sergeant Watts in Parsonage Lane at half past nine. What time had we to break into this place?"I said, "It is said to have been done about a quarter past nine." Green made no reply, but Shadbolt repeated his former statement. I afterwards went to Shadbolt's house, accompanied by Sergeant Watts. In front of a cupboard on the ground floor I found two screw-drivers and one drill. In the back room on the table I found a large file. Shadbolt was arrested at his house. He lives about seven minutes' walk from the police station. It is about five minutes' walk from the police sta
<lb/>tion to his house. It is all in a circle. In a quarter of an hour you may go the whole distance round. On the next day I examined the church and found that entrance had been effected by forcing open the window of No. class-room with some instrument. I fitted that in
<lb/>strument into the marks found on the window. I then examined the drawer, on which I found marks of the file. On examining the library I found the door had been forced, and the instrument (produced) fitted exactly into marks on the door. In the infants' class-room I found a box with the lock forced off, which had contained sewing. The men, whoever they were, had done their best to ascertain what was there, and took what they could. I afterwards went to the ministers' vestry, where I found the table turned on its side, the Bible on a chair close by the door. I found on the drawer (produced) marks corresponding with a file. There was a poker lying in the room, the bead of which had also been used to force the drawer. The poker was the property of the chapel.</p>
<p>Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM WATTS</hi>. On the evening of January 7, in conse
<lb/>quence of information received, I went to the Wesleyan Church, and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280033"/>
<p>afterwards to Prince of Wales Cottage, Parsonage Lane, where I saw the prisoner Shadbolt about half past 10. I said to him, "I am going to arrest you as being concerned with another man in breaking and entering a Wesleyan Chapel, Chase Side, Enfield, this evening." He said. "What, me! I know nothing about it. I did not leave home until half past six this evening, when I went to look for my wife." I paid a second visit to the house, accompanied by Inspector Trigg, and saw the Inspector take possession of the tools (produced). We sub
<lb/>sequently went into the kitchen, and found the tools (produced) on the kitchen table.</p>
<p>Constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN ATFIELD</hi>, stationed at Enfield, spoke to seeing pri
<lb/>soners in Church Street on the evening in question, about 100 yards from the church, and going towards the town, and again at 8. 40, near the church.</p>
<p>Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALFRED WOODWARD</hi>, 599 Y, spoke to seeing prisoners in Parson's Lane about 20 past nine, running up the path from the direction of the chapel. Knowing prisoners personally, he had no doubt of their identity.</p>
<p>Prisoner
<hi rend="smallCaps">SHADBOLT</hi> (not on oath) ranged the tools (produced) in front of the dock, and endeavoured to demonstrate their unsuitability for breaking and entering, and also endeavoured to account for his time.</p>
<p>Prisoner
<hi rend="smallCaps">GREEN</hi> (not on oath) stated that he was at home at the time the entry was effected, and in support of that statement called his mother and brother as witnesses.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19070128-32-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-32-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-32-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>;
<rs id="t19070128-32-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-32-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-32-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>Green recommended to mercy</rs>. Both prisoners pleaded guilty to previous convictions.</p>
<p>Sentences, Shadbolt,
<rs id="t19070128-32-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-32-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-32-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-32-19070128 t19070128-32-punishment-27"/>18 months' hard labour;</rs> Green,
<rs id="t19070128-32-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-32-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-32-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-32-19070128 t19070128-32-punishment-28"/>12 months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>; Thursday, January 31.</p>
<p>(Before Mr. Justice Kennedy.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070128-33">
<interp inst="t19070128-33" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070128"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-33" type="date" value="19070128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-33-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-19070128 t19070128-33-offence-1 t19070128-33-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-33-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-19070128 t19070128-33-offence-2 t19070128-33-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-33-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-19070128 t19070128-33-offence-3 t19070128-33-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-33-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-19070128 t19070128-33-offence-4 t19070128-33-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-33-charge-5" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-19070128 t19070128-33-offence-5 t19070128-33-verdict-3"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-33-19070128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-33-19070128" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19070128" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19070128" type="surname" value="BYERS"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19070128" type="given" value="JESSIE"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19070128" type="occupation" value=""/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BYERS</hi>, Jessie (40)</persName>
<rs id="t19070128-33-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-33-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-33-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>; a number of offences detailed in the follow
<lb/>ing counts: (1) That having committed an offence against Section 8 of the Infant Life Protection Act, 1897, in respect of failure to give notice of reception, etc., of
<persName id="t19070128-name-117" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-117" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-117" type="surname" value="SCYTHE"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-117" type="given" value="GLADYS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-33-offence-1 t19070128-name-117"/>Gladys Scythe</persName>, an infant four months old, and that the said infant died on August 27, 1906, at defendant's house, she on
<rs id="t19070128-cd-1" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-33-offence-1 t19070128-cd-1"/>September 1, 1906</rs>, with intent to conceal that offence, procured the cremation of the body of the infant, contrary to Sec
<lb/>tion 8 sub-section 3 of the Cremation Act, 1902; (2) </rs>
<rs id="t19070128-33-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-33-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-33-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>having failed to give notice of death to the coroner for the district, she procured the cremation of the body;</rs> (3 and 4)
<rs id="t19070128-33-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-33-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-33-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>corresponding counts in respect of
<persName id="t19070128-name-118" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-118" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-118" type="age" value="0"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-118" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-118" type="given" value="WINNIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-33-offence-3 t19070128-name-118"/>Winnie Davis</persName>, an infant five months old;</rs> (5)
<rs id="t19070128-33-offence-4" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-33-offence-4" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-33-offence-4" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t19070128-name-119" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-119" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-119" type="given" value="FREDERICK WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-33-offence-4 t19070128-name-119"/>Frederick William Davis</persName> the stun of 5s. with intent to defraud;</rs> (6 and 7)
<rs id="t19070128-33-offence-5" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-33-offence-5" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-33-offence-5" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>charged a public nuisance at common law arising from the non-interment of the bodies.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280034"/>
<p>Mr. R. D. Muir, Mr. Bodkin, and Mr. Leycester prosecuted; Mr. Kershaw (at the request of the Court) defended.</p>
<p>Mr. Kershaw (before plea) submitted that counts 6 and 7 dis
<lb/>closed no indictable offence, as they applied to a public nuisance, and the offence charged was committed in a private dwelling. A civil action might lie for a private nuisance, but it was not indict
<lb/>able unless the count stated that it was a nuisance to the public. These counts only alleged that it was a nuisance to the inhabitants of the house in which the prisoner resided, which were private pre
<lb/>mises, and not a public place. Cites Russell on Crimes, sixth edi
<lb/>tion, p. 729-732; R. v. Lloyd (4 Espinosa, p. 200); Archbold, 23rd q. edition, p. 1180; R. v. Price (15 Cox, p. 390); R. v. Vann (2 Den., r. C. C. p. 631).</p>
<p>Mr. Bodkin pointed out certain particulars in which the present case differed from those cited, and referred to the observation of Lord Denman in R. v. Stewart (12 Adolphus and Ellis, p. 778), that the leaving unburied the corpse of a person for whom the defendant was bound to provide burial was indictable.</p>
<p>Mr. Justice Kennedy ruled that the counts were bad. The essence of the charge intended to be conveyed in each off the counts was that of a common nuisance, and he did not think that there could be any doubt that a common nuisance must be something which caused inconvenience or hurt to the public in the exercise of the rights common to all His Majesty's subjects. He quoted a passage on the subject from Stephens Criminal Digest, sixth edition, p. 40. These counts alleged that it was a nuisance only to certain persons dwelling in a private dwelling-house, and must be quashed.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-120" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-120" type="surname" value="BYERS"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-120" type="given" value="MILDRED"/>MILDRED BYERS</persName> </hi>, 17, Home Villas, Edmonton. I am 14 years old and live with my parents. My mother, the prisoner, put an adver
<lb/>tisement in the "Tottenham Herald" and "Islington Gazette" about May last for children. We had three or four already, and then Winnie Davis and Elsie Moore came. The ages of the children were from two to 12 months. We have had about ten children since we went to the house in April last. My mother and I looked after them. They were kept in the top front roam and we slept with them. Six children have died there—Masie White, Elsie Moore, Giadys Smythe, Winnie Davis, Miriam Balcombe, and Irene Thomp
<lb/>son. Dr. Bebb attended Irene Thompson and Dr. Gordon saw Miriam Balcombe. I do not remember the dates. I have not seen an undertaker there There was a funeral for Irene Thompson only. There was an inquest upon her. I think Masie White died after Gladys Smythe. I do not know what she died of Prisoner was there at the time. She said she thought it was convulsions. She was six weeks or two months old. The body was taken down to the back room and remained there nine or ten days. Prisoner did not tell me what became of the body. I do not know what Gladys</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280035"/>
<p>Smythe died of. My mother was present. She was three or four months old. No doctor attended her. Prisoner did not tell me what became of the body. On a fete day at Pym's Park, in the spring, my brother Ernest wanted to go into the first floor front room to see from the balcony. My mother said, "That room is occupied," and he did not go in. I asked mother that afternoon if the undertaker had been for Gladys. She said, "He has." I should think mat was two or three weeks after the death. She said she hoped Miss Smythe would not make a fuse about it because she did not want an inquest. A few days after she said she had had a letter from Miss Smythe saying she would leave it all in her hands. I fetched Winnie Davis to the house some time in June. She was about a fortnight old. Miss Davis gave it to Mr. I attended to her. She died on Novem
<lb/>ber 6. I do not know what she died of. No doctor attended. My 7. mother attended her. The child was ill for two or three days. The 8. body was taken down to the ground floor back bedroom, which was 9. famished and unoccupied. I came down about 10 a.m. on Sunday, 10. November 25, and noticed the door of that room was open. I asked 11. mother if the undertaker had been. She said, "Yes. he has." I 12. laid, "There is no funeral service on Sunday morning, is there?" 13. one said, "Yet; there is one at 10 o'clock." No doctor attended 14. Winnie Davis. Miriam Balcombe was six weeks old when she came. 15. She died on November 26. I do not know what she died of Mother 16. said she thought that she was cutting her teeth and had something 17. on the brain. Dr. Gordon had attended her two or three months 18. before, but not later. Her body was in the house when the police 19. came on the 27th.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Mother generally got 6s. a week for children, monthly—I never knew her have a lump sum for them. Irene died the day after she came. Dr. Bebb saw her once. Dr. Gordon at
<lb/>tended Miriam three or four times; she died some time after. Some time after Masie White died I noticed a smell in the house. The fete in the park was about two weeks after Gladys Smythe died. I noticed a smell in the house then. I did not have any conversation with mother then about Gladys. I was busy looking after the children. The police came and asked about the children almost at the end of November. They asked me a lot of questions. Some two weeks after Winnie Davis died I noticed a smell in the house.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-121" type="surname" value="BYERS"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-121" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR BYERS</persName> </hi>, prisoner's son, aged 10. I live at 17, Holme Villas. My father works in a piano factory. Children came to our house to be looked after because, I think, father was out of work. I remember Frankie, Irene Thompson, Elsie Moore, Miriam Bal
<lb/>combe, Winnie Davis, Masie White, and Gladys Smythe. They all died at our house except Frankie. He was able to run about. I saw the coffins brought for Irene and Miriam. Gladys Smythe's body was kept in the first floor front room from the time she died till the fete day Pym's Park; it was lying on the floor on two napkins with a shawl over. Mother gave me some paper, and told me to go</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280038"/>
<p>and fetch the body down. I brought it down to mother in the kitchen. She opened the top of the stove and put the body in on the fire. She then gave me a bowl of carbolic and water to sprinkle about the floor where it had been lying, which I did. She told me not to tell anybody. I saw Winnie's dead body in a room on the second floor. I saw my sister take it into the middle room on the ground floor. One morning mother told me to light the kitchen lire, which I did. Jenny Adkins, the servant, came, and mother told her to wash up the supper things in the scullery. She then bolted the door and told me to fetch Winnie's body, which I did, and gave it to mother. It was wrapped in a cloth. She opened the top of the stove and put the body in and shut it down. She gave me some carbolic and water to sprinkle the floor where it had been lying, which I did.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The body was in an unoccupied room. I noticed a nasty smell in the house. The servant generally lit the fire. It was lighted nearly every day. The servant arrived before mother said anything to me about Winnie.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-122" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-122" type="surname" value="ADKINS"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-122" type="given" value="JENNY"/>JENNY ADKINS</persName> </hi>, domestic servant. I entered prisoner's service early in October last (daily). Winnie Davis died there on November 5. I saw her body in the ground floor back room on the 6th, and on other occasions up to the 24th. On that day she told me not to come next morning (Sunday) till nine o'clock, instead of seven, and to have a rest while I could. I got there at nine. It was my duty to light the kitchen fire. It was lighted, and she told me to go into the scullery and do some mangling. I went in and prisoner bolted the door. I heard her say, "Come on, Arthur—look sharp!"I looked through the keyhole and saw Arthur coming from the back room into the kitchen with something on his arm. I heard the stove being dropped down to make the fire larger and drawn to from the top. It is a stove that has a movable bottom so as to make the fire deeper or shallower. When the door was unbolted I went out of the scullery and noticed an awful smell and a black mass burning. I touched it with the poker, which went in. I saw the little boy with some disinfectant and a flannel doing something in the back room. Prisoner was also there. Miss Slade, a lodger, came into the kitchen when prisoner was there. Miss Slade sand, "Won't the fire burn?"Prisoner said, "No; it has gone a bit down and I have poured paraffin oil on it." The fire burnt what there was right out.</p>
<p>The next day I informed the police.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I got to the house about nine on Sunday, the time I was told. I did a little mangling, but not much. Prisoner told me to shut the door so that those upstairs should not hear the noise. Anyone could hear it in the kitchen, so prisoner would know I was not doing it. I heard her bolt the door. She did not keep me long.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I never saw the body of Winnie Davis again.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-123" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-123" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-123" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-123" type="given" value="CLARA"/>CLARA DAVIS</persName> </hi>, domestic servant. I was confined of a child (Winnie) on June 10 last. I have a sister-in-law (Kate) who made arrangements</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280039"/>
<p>on my behalf. In July I was living in Albany Street when Mildred Byers took my child. It had no mark or bruise on its face then. Some weeks after I saw it with a bruise on its left cheek. Prisoner said it was a mark from birth caused by instruments or pressure of the nurse's hand. I told her I had no instruments. I saw the child a week or so later (when the bruise had disappeared), and from time to time till November 4. I was paying prisoner £1 4s. a month in advance for the child. On the 4th I paid her £1 6s. 8d.; 2s. 8d. being for some Scott's Emulsion. The child was looking much better. On the 6th I had a letter from prisoner, which I have destroyed, saying that the child was dead. I called on the 7th with my brother and saw prisoner and the body. She said the child died of convul
<lb/>sions, and that she called in a doctor at five a.m. She said she had made all arrangements for the funeral, but did not mention the undertaker's name. She said it would coat 15s. and she had paid 5s. deposit to the undertaker, and the funeral was to be at Edmonton Cemetery on Thursday, the 9th, at 10. 30 a.m. My brother paid her the 5s. I went again about the 19th and took tome flowers with me. Prisoner said she bad paid 5s. 6d. for a wreath end 2s. 6d. for memo
<lb/>rial cards. She gave me one like this (produced). I told her to take the 5s. 6d. and 2s. 6d. out of the money I had paid her in advance. I did not ask for any money back.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The monthly payments were to go on as long as the child was with her. The child went to her on June 23. If I said July it was a mistake. I had paid five monthly payments.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-124" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-124" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-124" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-124" type="given" value="CATHERINE"/>CATHERINE DAVIS</persName> </hi>, wife of Frederick William Davis, 10, Willoughby Road, Tottenham. I am sister-in-law to Clara. I saw an advertise
<lb/>ment in the "Tottenham Herald" and went to see prisoner about it before Clara was confined. She asked £15 down or 6s. a week, pay
<lb/>able monthly in advance. I said £15 was very little to take a child for until it could earn its own living. She said, "The little bit of food, with ours, does not count much." I went there on November 13—alter the child's death. She said she got very wet on going to the funeral on the Thursday previous. She wept and said she massed the child, and was quite lost without it.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. When I said £15 was very little prisoner agreed to accept 6s. a week while the child was with her.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-125" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-125" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-125" type="given" value="FREDERICK WILLIAM"/>FREDERICK WILLIAM DAVIS</persName> </hi>. I am Clara's brother. I went to prisoners house on November 7 on hearing of the death. She told me the child died of convulsions, and she had made arrangements for the funeral with Shepherd, the undertaker, and that it would cost 12s. 6d. Then she said she had seen the coffin for 12s. 6d., and did not like the look of it; that she had ordered a better one, that the child would be buried on the church aide of the cemetery, and it would be 15s.; that she had paid 5s. deposit to Shepherd, which I paid in the presence of my sister.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I had no conversation about the matter with anybody till the police came. I am sure Shepherd's name was men
<lb/>tioned.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280040"/>
<p>I paid the funeral expenses, and quite believed she had buried the child.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-126" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-126" type="surname" value="SHEPHERD"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-126" type="given" value="MELBOURNE"/>MELBOURNE SHEPHERD</persName> </hi>, undertaker, 14, Upper Fore Street, Edmon
<lb/>ton. I have not carried out a funeral from 17, Holme Villas, and cannot remember supplying a coffin. I believe I fetched away a still-born from there once, but I do not know when. I have no reference in my books. I think I recollect prisoner coming to me once; but I do not recollect anything about it; I never buried a child for her. Lots of people send for you and say they will let you know, and you never hear any more of them.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner never paid me any money to my know
<lb/>ledge. I may have given her a price, but I never did a funeral for her.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-127" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-127" type="surname" value="SMYTHE"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-127" type="given" value="ADA"/>ADA SMYTHE</persName> </hi>, domestic servant I had a child (Gladys) on March 27 last. I am unmarried. In July, 1906, I saw an advertisement in the Tottenham paper, and saw prisoner, and arranged with her to take the child. She wanted me to pay £15 down. I was unable to do that, and said I would pay £1 a month, which she agreed to. I paid 10s. down, and took the child to her about the third week in July. I saw the child there about the beginning of August, when it was well. It had not been very well. It had a very bad attack of inward convulsions a fortnight before I took it there, and had a doctor. I did not see it again alive. About August 27 I had a letter from prisoner which I burnt, saying the child had died—"Come at once." I went two days after, about 7. 30. Prisoner said she was very sorry for me, that she had a doctor a few hours before its death, that the doctor afterwards gave her a certificate saying it had died of meningitis. She said she would see to the funeral, and the cost would be 10s. It was to be at Chingford Cemetery the fol
<lb/>lowing Monday. I paid her the 10s. I have seen her since.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have been to the house several times. I cannot say for certain when I received the letter. It may have been on August 16. The payments were to go on till £15 was paid.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-128" type="surname" value="FORBES"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-128" type="given" value="ALLEN MAGAW"/>ALLEN MAGAW FORBES</persName> </hi>, solicitor and coroner for the Liberty of the Duchy of Lancaster. Victoria Road, Edmonton, is within the Liberty. On December 1 last I held an inquest on Miriam Balcombe, and on two subsequent days. I think notice was given by Dr. Bebh, who was sent for when the child was dead. He was not able to certify, and he reported the case in the usual way. I saw the body. Prisoner was present at the hearings. In May last I got notice of the death of Irene Thompson from Dr. Bebb, I think. I was com
<lb/>municated with by the police as to Miriam, I think. I was mistaking the order of date I have never had notice of death from prisoner or her husband. I have never had notice of the death of Gladys Smythe, Winifred Davis, Masie White, or Elsie Moore.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-129" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-129" type="surname" value="GROVES"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-129" type="given" value="ALFRED JAMES HUGH"/>ALFRED JAMES HUGH GROVES</persName> </hi>, clerk in office of Clerk to the Guar
<lb/>dians, Edmonton Union. The Board of Guardians is the Local Authority under the Infant Life Protection Act. Victoria Road is</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280041"/>
<p>in the Poor Law Union of Edmonton. I have never had any notice from prisoner under the statute in regard to 17, Holme Villas. I deal with these cases.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-130" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-130" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-130" type="surname" value="NOAKES"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-130" type="given" value="FREDERICK WILLIAM"/>FREDERICK WILLIAM NOAKES</persName> </hi>, Deputy Superintendent Registrar of Births and Deaths for Edmonton. I have searched the register of deaths from January 1, 1904, to December 4, 1906, and find no death registered by anyone of the name of Byers. There is a death regis
<lb/>tered on the authority of the coroner—that of Irene Thompson.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-131" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-131" type="surname" value="LOUMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-131" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM LOUMAN</persName> </hi>, Inspector under the Infant Life Protection Act for Edmonton. I am appointed by the Deputy Board of Guardians. Prisoner has never been registered as a person taking in nurse children in my district. I called upon her July 6 last in reference to Elsie Moore. I informed her I was an inspector under the Act and that I had called about the child. She showed me the child which she said she had received for a friend far 5s. a week. I asked her if she had any more children. She said, "No." I warned her that under the act she must not take more than one without a license. I asked her if she intended to take any more, and she distinctly said, "No"; that her husband was a pianoforte maker and she took in boarders, and had no intention of taking any babies to mind.</p>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALBERT HAWKINS</hi>. On information received on November 26, I went on the 27th to 17, Holme Villas and saw pri
<lb/>soner. I told her who I was and read her my warrant for a sum
<lb/>mary offence under the Act. I asked for her husband. She said, "He is out and has nothing to do with it. I am entirely responsible for this business here. I have four nurse children and one dead in the back room." I saw the body of Miriam Balcombe. On the way to the station she said, "I sent for the mother two of three times. I burned it (referring to one of the bodies) because of the smell, and did it to make both ends meet."</p>
<p>Cross-examined. She was arrested for an offence under the Crema
<lb/>tion Act. There are other summary offences still pending against her before the magistrate.</p>
<p>This concluding the case for the Crown.</p>
<p>Mr. Kershaw submitted that there was no evidence to go to the jury on those counts which charged offences under the Cremation Act. The Act contained no definition of the word "cremation"; he submitted that it did not mean burning in the ordinary sense of the word, bat a definite scientific disposition of the body in a crematorium.</p>
<p>Mr. Bodkin submitted that, in the absence of any definition, the ordinary meaning must be given to the word, and that would cover the offences charged. His Lordship held that there was no evidence to go to the Jury on these counts.</p>
<p>(Friday, February 1.)</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19070128-33-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-33-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-33-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty of concealing by fire the dead bodies of Gladys Smythe and Winnie Davis with intent to obstruct the coroner in the performance of his duty;</rs>
<rs id="t19070128-33-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-33-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-33-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty of obtaining by false pretences from Frederick "William Davis the sum of 5s., with intent to defraud;</rs>
<rs id="t19070128-33-verdict-3" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-33-verdict-3" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-33-verdict-3" type="verdictSubcategory" value="fault"/>Not guilty on the other counts.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280042"/>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19070128-33-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-33-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-33-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-19070128 t19070128-33-punishment-29"/>on each of the counts for burning the bodies,12 months' imprisonment</rs>;
<rs id="t19070128-33-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-33-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-33-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-19070128 t19070128-33-punishment-30"/>on the count of false pretences, six months imprison
<lb/>ment; the three sentences to run concurrently.</rs> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>; Thursday, January 31.</p>
<p>(Before the Recorder.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070128-34">
<interp inst="t19070128-34" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070128"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-34" type="date" value="19070128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-34-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-34-19070128 t19070128-34-offence-1 t19070128-34-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-34-19070128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-34-19070128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19070128" type="surname" value="KEEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19070128" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19070128" type="occupation" value="butcher"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">KEEN</hi>, William</persName>
<rs id="t19070128-34-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-34-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-34-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/> (butcher); feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19070128-name-133" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-133" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-133" type="surname" value="COXON"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-133" type="given" value="CLARA ROSA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-34-offence-1 t19070128-name-133"/>Clara Rosa. Coxon</persName>, his wife being then alive.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Harold Hardy prosecuted; Mr. George Elliott defended.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-134" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-134" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-134" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-134" type="given" value="ALICE"/>ALICE EDWARDS</persName> </hi>, 36. Manley Street, Regent's Park. On January 5, 1888, I was present at the marriage at the Vestry Office, St. Pancras, of my sister, Louisa Gibbons, to prisoner. My sister died on Octo
<lb/>ber 7. 1899.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I know that my sister left her husband within two years of the marriage—somewhere towards the end of 1889; she went away from him; he did not go away from her, and that it was entirely her own fault. She was a great deal given to drink. As far as I know, from that time her husband never saw her at all. She remained in London, but was quite away from all her friends. She was, I am afraid, living a bad life. I do not know what means she had or where she was living. She would turn up just when she thought she would. She came and saw me just two years before she used, and I knew nothing at all about her after that until she was dead. I cannot tell whether she ever went to see her other relations or the prisoner.</p>
<p>Detective
<hi rend="smallCaps">SUDBURY</hi>. I produce the marriage and death certificates, of Louisa Keen and the certificate of the marriage of prisoner with Clara. Coxon on February 13, 1899. I arrested prisoner on January 1 of this year without a warrant. I said he would be charged with bigamy.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I know that the second "wife" went away with another man to Australia last June. She returned and endeavoured to get her children, who had been supported by prisoner all the while. it was out of her attempt to obtain the children that this prosecution arose. She tried to get an affiliation order from Mr. Hopkins, at Lambeth, but Mr. Hopkins declined to make it. I know that pri
<lb/>soner has supported the children all the time and cared for them. She lived with him before the supposed marriage.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-135" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-135" type="surname" value="COXON"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-135" type="given" value="CLARA"/>CLARA COXON</persName> </hi>, Queen's Road, Walworth. On February 13, 1899, I was married to prisoner at the registry office, St. Pancras. I had lived with him previously for some two or three months. Prisoner said he had been a married man but was a widower. I was intro
<lb/>duced to him by my aunt, a Mrs. Mayo.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280043"/>
<p>The Recorder ruled that, as the prosecution had failed to show that during the seven years' absence of the wife the husband knew she was alive, the prosecution mast fail. Verdict,
<rs id="t19070128-34-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-34-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-34-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="directed"/>Not guilty</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070128-35">
<interp inst="t19070128-35" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070128"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-35" type="date" value="19070128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-35-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-35-19070128 t19070128-35-offence-1 t19070128-35-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-35-19070128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-35-19070128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19070128" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19070128" type="surname" value="WALTHER"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19070128" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19070128" type="occupation" value="clothier"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALTHER</hi>, Albert (29, clothier)</persName>
<rs id="t19070128-35-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-35-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-35-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/>; feloniously receiving nine pairs of earrings and other articles, the goods of
<persName id="t19070128-name-137" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-137" type="surname" value="GEIGER"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-137" type="given" value="EUGENE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-35-offence-1 t19070128-name-137"/>Eugene Geiger</persName>, well knowing them to have been stolen.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Wing prosecuted; Mr. George Elliott defended.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-138" type="surname" value="GEIGER"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-138" type="given" value="EUGENE"/>EUGENE GEIGER</persName> </hi>. I deal in fancy goods and have a warehouse at 87, Finsbury Pavement, and I live at 5, Pitfield Street, Hoxton. The earrings produced are my property; I bought them of the manufac
<lb/>turer in Germany. The cost price would be about 30s. They are made of eight carat or nine carat gold. On October 31 they were on my premises in Finsbury Pavement. It is not a shop but an office. I am nearly always the last on the premises, and leave between half-past six and eight. Those goods were then at my place with other goods which are also missing. I lost altogether 80 or 100 articles of jewellery of different kinds, which were contained in trays. On November 1 I found the police at my office, and identified as my property some jewellery which they brought.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I identify the earrings by the make and the quality, and I could discover them if they were mixed amongst thou
<lb/>sands of others. There are thousands of similar earrings manufac
<lb/>tured on the Continent, but not exactly the time. I am certain that the man who produces these earrings has no place in England. They are marked at the back with a 9, snowing them to be nine-carat gold. There is no private manufacturer's mark or other distinguishing mark, nor the initials of the manufacturer. The retail price is 4s. 6d. or 5s. a pair according to sample. I believe I am the sole agent in England for them, because I have never traced a single article of his make in the United Kingdom. I travel all over the United Kingdom—on the south coast, in Lancashire, and sometimes in Scotland—and I know nearly every shopkeeper, and when I go about doing business I look at the shop windows, and I can tell the make of every article. I have no agreement that these articles shall only be supplied to me in this country. The earrings produced correspond exactly with those found in my place. It is not likely, I think, that anyone of my nation would be trading in England with the same goods. If there were I should discover it, because I know almost every jeweller in England, and if I should happen to see something of the same kind in his shop I can tell whether it was I who sold it or somebody else.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-139" type="surname" value="JACKSON"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-139" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR JACKSON</persName> </hi>, jeweller, 36, Charlotte Street, Fitzroy Square. I have known prisoner about two years. He is a near neighbour of mine. On November 2 prisoner came into my shop and asked me whether I would like to buy tome jewellery. I told him I had plenty of my own and could not spare the money. Next day he came in with the earrings produced. He said he was abort of money, and would I try and sell them for him. I opened the parcel, but did</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280044"/>
<p>not have time to look at the jewellery, as there was a customer named Charlton waiting for his watch. The parcel contained a job lot of cheap jewellery; I could not exactly say what, but there were some brooches, earrings, plated chains, a little bundle of gold-plated hearts, some different charms, and that sort of thing. He said he wanted £4 10s. for the lot. I sold the things for five guineas to a Mr. Rogers. I paid prisoner £4 10s. and retained the balance, out of which, however, I had to pay 5s. to the man who recommended the customer. I told Rogers I had a few sample earrings, but people would not have them because they were not quite pairs. I kept them in the shop about two months, until the police officer came to make inquiries. On January 12 Detective Marriott came to me and said he had inquiries to make about some jewellery I had sold to Mr. Rogers for five guineas. He told me the things were stolen, and I said I was sorry to hear it. I gave the name of the man from whom I received the jewellery. I went with the detective to prisoner, and told him that the officer had been making inquiries about the jewellery he had given me some few months ago. Prisoner replied, "I know nothing about it." After more conversation Marriott told prisoner that he was in a very serious position, and recommended him to tell the truth. Prisoner said, "I know something about it. A man I know by sight came into my shop a few months ago and asked me if I would like to have some jewellery from him to put in my window for sale. I replied that I did not deal in jewellery, but if he would like to know, there were some watchmakers down the street who would buy oft him. He then went away, leading the jewellery, and I have not seen him since." Though I knew prisoner was a clothier I did not ask him where he got the jewellery from. There was nothing about it to lead me to believe it was stolen.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I am a German and my real name is Jacobson, but I am Jackson in England. I am a Jew.</p>
<p>Mr. Elliott. I noticed you were sworn on the New Testament Is that binding on your conscience?</p>
<p>The Recorder. I think we had better reseat him.</p>
<p>(Witness was accordingly restore.)</p>
<p>Witness. I did not ask any questions as to where this jewellery came from. Prisoner had dealt in jewellery with me before he opened the clothes shop, end I knew him to be a respectable man. I did not see anything wrong or suspicious about the transaction. I have been in business 20 years. Having sold the bulk of the things for five guineas, I did not return the unsold things to prisoner. I offered them to him, but he told me to keep them till I sold them, as he had no use for them. There were nine pairs of earrings left, but there was no value in them. It is not true that the things were brought round to me not by prisoner, but by a fair man about 5 ft. 6 in. in height, with a fair moustache. As to these being articles that are only dealt in by Mr. Geiger, I can bring plenty of them. I believe they are common in the City at 1s. per pair. I can buy</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280045"/>
<p>them at 1s. per pair in Houndsditch. When prisoner came to me with the jewellery I had no idea where he got it from. No suspicion crossed my mind. I have done repairs for him for a long timer. I sold him some watches and clocks. I do all his jewellery jobs for him. I had no suspicion. I knew he used to buy job lots in the tale rooms. He came in as friend. He has been in the clothes line about 18 months. Before that he did not keep a shop but bought things to sell again to different jewellers.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-140" type="surname" value="CHARLTON"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-140" type="given" value="WILLIAM ALGERNON"/>WILLIAM ALGERNON CHARLTON</persName> </hi>, builder and decorator, Mill Hill. I know Arthur Jackson, and was in his shop waiting for my watch to be repaired on the morning of Saturday, November 3, about half-past 10. After I had 'been there some time a men came in with parcel and had a conversation with Jackson by the window in some lan
<lb/>guage I did not understand. I cannot positively swear that prisoner was the man who came in. Jackson opened the parcel, which ap
<lb/>peared to me to contain brooches and earrings.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-141" type="surname" value="ROGERS"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-141" type="given" value="ABRAHAM"/>ABRAHAM ROGERS</persName> </hi>, jeweller, 90, Hatton Garden. I had not known Jackson before I was introduced to him by a Mr. Goldberg at my shop. I bought the jewellery of him for five guineas.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-142" type="surname" value="KIRKHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-142" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM KIRKHAM</persName> </hi>, employed by an auction company carrying on business in Milton Street, spoke to a Mr. Wixley buying the jewellery which was put up for sale by last witness.</p>
<p>Detective
<hi rend="smallCaps">EDWARD MARRIOTT</hi>, City Police. On Saturday, January 12, I went to Charlotte Street, Fitzroy Square, and saw Jackson, whom I accompanied to prisoner's shop, 52, Charlotte Street. Mr. Geiger was also present. (Witness detailed the conversation nar
<lb/>rated by Jackson.)</p>
<p>The Recorder observed that if the jury were not satisfied that these were the earrings stolen from the prosecutor's place the case need not go on any further. One witness had said that such earrings could be bought by the score in Houndsditch.</p>
<p>At the request of the jury, Mr. Kirkham was recalled, and stated that he had been connected with the auctioneering business for 35 years. Such earrings as were alleged to have been stolen could be purchased in 20 or 30 jewellers' warehouses in London without any difficulty. There was nothing about them to enable a person to swear that they were part of a particular consignment of jewellery. They were made either in Germany or Austria, and could probably be obtained in any jewellery warehouse in London.</p>
<p>Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">WIXLEY</hi> gave similar evidence, pricing the articles at 1s. to 2s. per pair.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19070128-35-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-35-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-35-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070128-36">
<interp inst="t19070128-36" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070128"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-36" type="date" value="19070128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-36-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-36-19070128 t19070128-36-offence-1 t19070128-36-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-36-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-36-19070128 t19070128-36-offence-1 t19070128-36-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-36-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-36-19070128 t19070128-36-offence-2 t19070128-36-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-36-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-36-19070128 t19070128-36-offence-2 t19070128-36-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-36-charge-5" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-36-19070128 t19070128-36-offence-3 t19070128-36-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-36-charge-6" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-36-19070128 t19070128-36-offence-4 t19070128-36-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-36-charge-7" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-36-19070128 t19070128-36-offence-5 t19070128-36-verdict-2"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-36-19070128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-36-19070128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19070128" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19070128" type="surname" value="MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19070128" type="given" value="CHARLES S"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19070128" type="occupation" value="merchant"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARTIN</hi>, Charles S., or
<rs id="t19070128-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-36-19070128 t19070128-alias-1"/>Charley</rs> (31, merchant),</persName> and
<persName id="def2-36-19070128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-36-19070128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-36-19070128" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def2-36-19070128" type="surname" value="OATLEY"/>
<interp inst="def2-36-19070128" type="given" value="ALFRED ERNEST"/>
<interp inst="def2-36-19070128" type="occupation" value="merchant"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OATLEY</hi>, Alfred Ernest (28, merchant)</persName>
<rs id="t19070128-36-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-36-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-36-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, the former American and the latter Australian; both conspiring and agreeing together to obtain by false pretences the sum of £23 11s. 10d. from the
<persName id="t19070128-name-145" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-145" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-36-offence-1 t19070128-name-145"/>Carlton Hotel, limited</persName>, with intent to defraud;</rs>
<rs id="t19070128-36-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-36-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-36-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>both forging and uttering a cheque for £30 with intent to defraud the
<persName id="t19070128-name-146" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-146" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-36-offence-2 t19070128-name-146"/>Carlton Hotel Company</persName>;</rs>
<rs id="t19070128-36-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-36-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-36-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>Oatley stealing six blank cheque forms, the goods of
<persName id="t19070128-name-147" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-147" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-147" type="surname" value="FULLER"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-147" type="given" value="CLARA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-36-offence-3 t19070128-name-147"/>Clara Fuller</persName>, and feloniously receiving same;</rs>
<rs id="t19070128-36-offence-4" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-36-offence-4" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-36-offence-4" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>Oatley unlawfully stealing two dogs, the goods of
<persName id="t19070128-name-148" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-148" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-148" type="surname" value="REES"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-148" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-36-offence-4 t19070128-name-148"/>Mary Rees</persName>;</rs>
<rs id="t19070128-36-offence-5" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-36-offence-5" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-36-offence-5" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>Oatley forging and uttering an order for the payment of £65, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280046"/>
<p>Mr. Leycester prosecuted; Mr. George Elliott defended Oatley.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-149" type="surname" value="TREWEEK"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-149" type="given" value="JOSEPH JAMES"/>JOSEPH JAMES TREWEEK</persName> </hi>, second cashier at the Carlton Hotel. On Saturday afternoon, December 8, about 4. 30, I saw prisoner Martin at the hotel. I did not then know him as Martin, but as George Payne. He came into the office and asked if he could see the manager. I answered that the manager was not in, and asked if I could do anything for him. He then said, "Perhaps you will do just as well. I arrived from the Continent this morning early, and have been engaged in town all day, and have only just got back too late to go to the bank to get any money. I have a cheque for £50, but have been too late to go to the bank to cash it." I asked him if he was staying in the hotel. He said, "Yes; Room No. 361." I then asked him if he would show me the cheque, and he showed me a cheque on the National and Provincial Bank of England, Baker Street branch, payable to "George Payne." He said the drawer was the President or some official of the Canadian Pacific Railway; the word "President" I do not insist upon. I said I could give him £5, and he said, "Oh, make it £6." I gave him the money, obtain
<lb/>ing the acknowledgment produced. There is no fixed rule as to the payment of the bills on Saturday. It is left, to the convenience of customers. I was not present when he paid his account the following Saturday, December 15, but I saw him on Sunday, the 16th, between three and four in the afternoon, when he came into the office, and said, "I am very sorry, but I shall nave to impose on your kindness again. I want some more money. I was playing poker last night and lost all I had." I replied, "I am very sorry I cannot let you have any more." I knew at the time that there was a cheque for £30 in the office with which he had raid his bill the previous day after banking hours. He seemed surprised and said, "Why, I paid my hill yesterday." He went out of the office, left the hotel, and never returned. He left behind him a bag which, on being opened, was found to contain some linen, both dirty and clean, a large number of cards—"Geo. Payne, Louisville and Nashville Railroad"—and some newspapers and magazines. When I next saw him he was in custody.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not see prisoner Oatley until I saw him at Marlborough Street.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-150" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-150" type="surname" value="DUNN"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-150" type="given" value="WILLIAM CHORLEY"/>WILLIAM CHORLEY DUNN</persName> </hi>, principal cashier at the Carlton Hotel. On December 15 prisoner Martin was staving at the hotel in the name of George Payne. On that day he came into the office at a quarter to four in the afternoon. His weekly bill had been tendered to him the same morning, including the £6 cash advanced. He handed me a cheque on the National Provincial Bank payable to George Payne, drawn by W. B. West, and I gave him £17 10s.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280047"/>
<p>Change. He receipted the bill, and I believe he made a note on the back of the cheque of the amount of the bill and change given. It was then too late to pay the cheque into the bank. It was paid in on Monday morning, and returned marked "No account," having, been specially cleared.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not see Oatley at all. To Prisoner Martin, There is a notice in the hotel that cheques are not cashed. It is usual in all hotels. You did not say, "I see you do not cash cheques. I will wait until Monday."</p>
<p>To the Recorder. We cash cheques for people who are not leaving the hotel, though we are not bound to do it Prisoner was not leav
<lb/>ing the hotel.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-151" type="surname" value="NEUMANN"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-151" type="given" value="SEBASTIAN"/>SEBASTIAN NEUMANN</persName> </hi>, staff manager, Carlton Hotel. On Decem
<lb/>ber went out and saw him and asked him into my office, and told him the name of the gentleman who had occupied that room was Payne. He said, "Oh, is it? Why, look here!" and handed me a card on which was the name of "Martin, Room 361, Carlton Hotel." I said, "Would You know the gentleman if you saw him?" He said, "Certainly," and described him to Mr. I said, "That is Mr. Payne according to the description," and, I said, "I wish to see you personally, as he has let us in for an amount." Oatley then said, "I want to see him, too. He has 1st me in for a fiver," and he explained to me in what way. He said, "I met Mr. Martin at the Queen's Hotel, Leicester Square, and we had several drinks together when all of a sudden Mr. Martin said, 'I must go down to the Carlton where I am staying. I have no more cash on Mr. I want to cash a cheque.' I said to him, 'Oh I do not go; I can let you have some money'" Thereupon I said, "Have you an I. O. U., because I can show you Mr. Payne's handwriting?" No," he replied, "I have nothing." Thereupon I opened my drawer and produced the arrival slip and the cheque. The arrival slip bore the name of George Payne of New York, and the cheque was endorsed as Geo. Payne. I also had the visiting card which I had taken from the luggage, and on the bag which was standing by my side were the initials "G. P." "Well," he said, "I should like to meet him. I do not want any money, but I would just like to give him a few punches and that would settle the matter; but what are you going to do?"I said, "I have sent up to Vine Street asking for Sergeant West to come to take the charge. We are going to prosecute him. "I also said that if he liked to leave me his name and address I would let him know if we heard anything. "Oh! I would rather not," he answered; "I would net care for my people to know where I met this man. I should not care for them to know that I frequent the Queen's Hotel, Leicester Square." I said, "You can give me your name and address privately, and nobody need know I am keeping you in
<lb/>formed. "I produced a piece of paper and pencil, and he thereupon wrote his name, and I gave it to Sergeant West. The name was.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280048"/>
<p>"Alfred Oatley, 40. Lisle Street." He thanked me and that was the last I saw of him. Afterwards Sergeant West and Sergeant Leach called upon me and I told them all that had occurred.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Oatley seemed very much surprised when I told him that the name of the gentleman in 361 was not Martin but Payne. It was not until he saw the card, the cheque, and the luggage that he was convinced. I took him to be a gentleman.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-152" type="surname" value="CLARKE"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-152" type="given" value="EDWARD RICHARD"/>EDWARD RICHARD CLARKE</persName> </hi>, clerk at the Baker Street branch of the National Provincial Bank, proved that on August 26, 1899, Mrs. from a book issued to Mrs. Fuller on January 18, 1897, and was presented on December 17 last through Messrs. Coutts, and returned marked "No account." There was no customer at the branch named "W. B. West." He did not know either of the prisoners.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-153" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-153" type="surname" value="FULLER"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-153" type="given" value="CLARA"/>MRS. CLARA FULLER</persName> </hi>, 330, Camden Road. A lady named Marion Thomas lodges at my house. I formerly had an account at the Baker Street branch of the National Provincial Bank. It was closed in 1899. but there remained in my possession a cheque book with some blank cheques. It was in a box with some photographs and different odd things, having been put away as of no use. On January 1 a police officer called upon me and made inquiries about it. I went to look for it and found it was gone. Up to that time I did not know it was gone. I had not authorised Miss Thomas to give it away to anybody, or prisoner Oatley to take it. I have seen the prisoner Oatley once. I think I opened the door for him when be came to call on Miss Thomas on her birthday.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Miss Thomas goes about the house the same as I should myself and could open the box in which was the cheque book if she wished to. It was so many years ago I had forgotten about it. The photographs were those of professionals.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-154" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-154" type="surname" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-154" type="given" value="MARION"/>MARION THOMAS</persName> </hi>, music hall artiste. 330, Camden Road. I know prisoner Oatley. He called on me on November 5, which was my birthday. I showed him some photographs and things. He picked up the cheque book and asked what it was, and I told him it was an old cheque book of Mrs. Fuller's. He asked if he could have it, and I told him it was not mine. He said he wanted to "flash" it. He put it into his pocket and went away with it, and I heard nothing more about it until the police came.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I had known Oatley since the preceding July or August He had an office. When he called on November 5 and look the cheque book I had been showing him some photographs and business letters. When he said he wanted the cheque book to "flash" I did not see any harm. I did not think anything at all about it. He did not take anything else as far as I know. There were no spoons lying about.</p>
<p>Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK WEST</hi>. On December 17 I was called to the Carlton Hotel, and received information about this case. On De
<lb/>cember 21 I went to 40. Lisle Street, and there saw prisoner Oatley.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280049"/>
<p>At No. 40 there is a foreign club underneath, and apartments over
<lb/>head. I told Oatley who I was. He was sharing a room with another man, and I said I had come to see him, about a man named Martin having defrauded him of £5. He said, "That was a bit of 'bluff' on my part. He could not defraud me of £5 or of fivepence." I said, "Did you ever lend Martin a cheque for £50 or £30, or give him one, because if you have it would be far better for you to tell me the truth." He said, "I have not. I have not handled a cheque since I have been in London." I said, "Can You tell me where Martin is now?" He said, "No; I do not know." That was all that occurred at that timer. On the same day an information was sworn against Martin for obtaining £6 and £17 11s. 10d. by false pretences. On December 29 I went with one of the waiters of the Carlton Hotel and Sergeant Leach to 129, St. George's Road. I spoke to the landlady, and afterwards went up to the first floor front The door was locked, I knocked and asked if Mr. Du Roy was within, the name having been given Mr. A voice through the door said, "Who are you?"I said, "I am the landlord." "What do you want?" was the answer. "I want to speak to you in respect of your rent." "You will have to wait till I dress," he answered. I waited about four or five minutes, and prisoner Martin then opened the door. I told him I was a police officer and bad a warrant for the arrest of a man named George Payne for obtaining money at the Carlton Hotel on a worthless cheque. He said, "You have made a mistake My name is not Payne; my name is Du Roy." I turned to the waiter and asked him if this was the man he knew as Payne, and he said, "I am not quite sure." Martin said, "No, my name is not Payne." Seeing some cards projecting from his waistcoat pocket, I reached forward and took one out. It had on it "Charles S. Mar
<lb/>un." I showed him the card and said, "This is the name under which you were staying at 57A, Shaftesbury Avenue before you went to the Carlton Hotel." He said, "All right, boys; if you have got a warrant for me it is straight. I cashed the cheque at the Carlton Hotel and I will tell you all about it." I then cautioned him that what he chose to say would be taken down in writing and given in evidence against him before the magistrate. He then made a state
<lb/>ment which Sergeant Leach took down in his pocket book. The statement was afterwards read over to prisoner, and he signed it. On January 2 an information was sworn against Oatley and a war
<lb/>rant granted for his arrest for conspiracy. On January 6 I went again to Oatley's lodging at 40, Lisle Street. I did not find him there, but I found some Carlton Hotel notepaper in his portmanteau. I ultimately found Oatley in Birmingham, where I arrested him on January 12 for conspiracy. He said, "I did not conspire with Mar
<lb/>tin; I deny the whole charge." I then said, "You will be further charged with stealing a cheque-book, the property of Mrs. Puller. "He replied, "I did not steal the cheque-book." I brought him to London, and on the 13th he sent for me and made a statement in his cell as to the cheque-book. As to the notepaper, he said that</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280050"/>
<p>when he went to see Martin at the Carlton he asked for a sheet of notepaper, and Martin gave him four or five.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not know anything of Oatley and did not know his address until it was given me at the Carlton.</p>
<p>Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALLEN LEACH</hi> gave corroborative evidence.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-155" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-155" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-155" type="surname" value="MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-155" type="given" value="CHARLEY"/>CHARLEY S. MARTIN</persName> </hi> (prisoner on oath). I am a citizen of the United States, and my home is in Nashville, Tennessee. I have no lawyer because I have no money, and I have no friends in this country. I was living at Shaftesbury Avenue, and on December 1, or perhaps a few days before, I was introduced to Oatley. He told me he was living out in Lambeth somewhere, so I said to him, "You seem to be a nice fellow, you can stop here." So he stayed with me two or three weeks. I was then in want of money, and Oatley gave me a cheque for £40, which I gave to Reynolds, my landlord, asking him to cash it, but it was returned "Refer to drawer." A day or two afterwards Oatley showed me a letter from a man named Payne, stating that Oatley was to get £100 or so from a Mr. West. Oatley afterwards gave me a cheque for £50, and I went to the Carlton Hotel and registered in the name of George Payne. I showed the cashier the cheque and asked him to let me have some money until Monday are a cheque for £100 a couple of days later. On the following Friday Oatley said to me, "I cannot get that cheque for £100 that I talked of, but here is a cheque for £30. You just have that cheque cashed. What is your hotel bill?" I said I did not know, and he said if I would give him some of the proceeds of the cheque he would loan me some more money when he got the other money. Out of the cheque cashed at the Carlton I got £17 11s. 10d., and handed over £11 to Oatley. On the evening after I had left the hotel Oatley told me the cheque he had given me was no good. Then like a fool I lost my head and did not know what to do. Instead of going back to the hotel I took a room. I took it in the name of Du Roy because I knew that if there was going to be any blame it was going to be on Mr. I know that circumstances are against me, but I cannot help that I have told the truth. I was as innocent of knowing that the cheque was a forgery as anyone in this court.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Leycester. I had no idea the cheque was worthless until the evening of the day I cashed it. I have been coming to London for the last ten years. This last time I may have been in London a month, but I went over to Paris for a few days. I had known Oatley about three weeks. I had seen letters from the Australian Government speaking very highly of him, and people I knew in London had spoken about him and said he was a pretty good fellow. I understood he had something to do with buying</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280051"/>
<p>horses. He had nothing to do with railways so far as I know. I knew him both as Oatley and O'Brien. He told me he adopted the later name because he had had trouble with his friends and had to go M a prize-fighter. I did not know him as either West or Payne. He never told me that the cheque came from Mrs. Fuller's house. I did not know the cheque, though signed "West," was in Oatley's writing. Reynolds, the landlord, turned me out because I could not pay. I left my papers there in the expectation of being able to pay. I went to the Carlton because I was expecting money, and, as I told Detective West, I always stay at the best hotels. I had been staying a the Cecil, but did not feel I was smart enough for the Cecil, where I was known. I went to the Carlton with the object of cash
<lb/>ing the cheque there. I registered in the name of George Payne. I only knew George Payne through the letter of Oatley's. I first heard of him it may be, four or five days before I left the Shaftesbury Avenue flat. I had never before gone by the name of Payne. Oatley gave me the cards that were found in my bag, but honestly I could not say when. If you are asked for a card you have to give one, and I could not give my card with "Charley Martin" on it if I was stay
<lb/>ing as George Payne. I thought it was a perfectly honest transac
<lb/>tion. I have stayed at the Cecil as Martin and Fuller, and as Fuller at the Russell, and as Du Roy at St. George's Road, but you cannot show that I have defrauded any of these people of a penny; that is what you have got to show. It was some days before I went to the Carlton that Oatley asked me to help him in cashing a cheque. I received the £50 cheque round about noon, on December 8. I did not go to the bank to change it because I was told the banks were closed. The previous cheque for £40 I gave to Mr. Reynolds, and it was returned "Refer to drawer." I have no idea what bank that cheque was on. It did not occur to me when Oatley gave me the cheque for £50 that that might be as good as the other one, because I had seen the letter from this Mr. Payne saying that Mr. West was going to pay him money. That is why I thought it was good. Having left Shaftesbury Avenue because I could not pay my bill, Oatley lent me money to go and stop at the Carlton. I cannot say why he should have done so; he did it. I could give tine names of people who have loaned me not £50 but £500. It never occurred to me there was any
<lb/>thing wrong about the cheque because I did not think Oatley would do me a dirty trick. I gave Oatley the £11 on the same Saturday night that I got the money myself. He told me on the Sunday the cheque was a wrong one. I asked him for the money back, and we had an awful fuss. The portmanteau I took to the Carlton dad not belong to Mr. I will not say where I got it from, because I do not want to bring the parties' names into the case. I suppose Oatley put on the initials "G. P." I did not even know they were on until the fellow said it here. I did not go back to the hotel to fetch it.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Elliott. The bag does not belong to Oatley. I suggest that Oatley put "G. P." upon the bag because it was in his room. It was my linen in the bag. Oatley did not</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280052"/>
<p>supply me with the linen, but he supplied me with the cards. I do not know the number of cards the were, but I should say there were nearer 50 than live. I did not want the cards. Oatley gave them to Mr. I have been in the habit of coming from America to the Continent for the last ten years. I have been to the various capitals as representative of different American houses. I speak several languages. I represented the American Exploration Company for several months. I sold their shares or stocks and bonds all about the States, down in Spain and Portugal, in Turkey, and in Asia Minor. It may be that I collected 33,000 francs, but I deny that I went off with it. I do not know that there is a warrant out against me in respect of that at Bordeaux. I went from there to Madrid, but did not obtain money for which I did not account. I did not obtain £150 by false pretences at Lisbon from a Mr. Read. I deny that a warrant was there issued for my arrest. I engaged Mr. Read as agent for the American Exploration Company at a salary of about £20 a month to place shares, and went back to Paris. He wrote that he would not accept that, and another proposition was made. I did not enter into negotiations for the hire of a large office under the American Legation. I have sold lots of shares for the American gave me this cheque for £30 of his own accord without any suggestion from Mr. I never knew that he knew a man named West or Payne. I did not suggest that he should give me a cheque merely for the purpose of showing people, and in order to convince them that I had cash. What would I do with the cheque if I did not want to cash it? Oatley told me that West had asked him to hold the cheque for £50, and he would get a cheque for £100 later on. Oatley gave me the cheque for £30 on the Friday before I cashed it.</p>
<p>(Friday, February 1.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-156" type="surname" value="OATLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-156" type="given" value="ALFRED ERNEST"/>ALFRED ERNEST OATLEY</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). Up till 1903 I lived with my father, near Sydney, in Australia He is the owner of a racecourse and stud farm. In that year I was anxious to go to South Africa, and for that purpose I had testimonials given me by the late Sir John See, the Premier of New South Wales, and Mr. Slattery, the Minister for Lands. I proceeded to South Africa, and on reach
<lb/>ing Durban found that I was no longer required for fighting purposes. I then started in a coffee business, which at the end of six monthly I sold, and came over to England. In 1904 I returned to Sydney, and stayed with my people for some little time. I then went to Perth, in Western Australia, where I obtained out of 189 candidates the position of secretary of the Helena Vale Racing Club. Having held that position for some time I went to India, and ultimately again reached this country about the end of May last. I then became associated with a paper called the "Theatrical and Sports Review, in connection with which I unfortunately lost a good deal of money.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280053"/>
<p>As nearly as I can guess I was introduced to the prisoner Martin about the middle of November. I was then living in Brixton. I became on very friendly terms with him in a very short time, and he said to me, "You live a long way out. Why do not you come and live at my flat? I have got room if you would care to, and then you need not go out of town every night." I said, "Very well," and I went there. Prior to meeting Martin I had met a man named Plews who had an account at the National and Provincial Bank at Newcastle-on-Tyne, and he gave me a post-dated cheque for £45. He had a fixed deposit at the bank and had to give seven days' notice of withdrawal, and for that reason the post-dated it, and I had that cheque when I went to Martin's flat, signed by Plews and drawn by Plews. Plews told me I might have £20 out of the cheque as soon as it was cashed, and being friendly with Martin when I found he was in difficulties I said, "Pay this cheque in and pay your rent," and he gave it to Mr. Reynolds, who was, I think, the agent for the buildings. It was put through the account and returned "Refer to drawer." That cheque was out of the book I received from Miss Thomas. It was on the tame bank, though not the same branch, and that was the reason that cheque was used. The cheque was taken out of the book and written by Plews, who had a genuine account. He scratched out "Baker Street" and put "Newcastle-on-Tyne." Before that I had not used a single cheque out of Mrs. Fuller's cheque-book. Plews was at that time living in Guildford Street. I had previously met him in Newcastle. Up to that time I had no cheque transaction with Martin. Some time afterwards Martin saw me with the cheque book in my hand and said to me, "Al, give me ant at all." He then said, "If people see me with a cheque what do they naturally think? If people think I am broke I have no chance at all." I said, "Well, I will give you a cheque if you promise not to attempt to cash it or even let it out of your hands" I gave him a cheque. I could not say whether it was for £30 or £50. As it was not going to be used I did not notice what it was. I signed it "W. B. West" and made it payable to "George Payne," at prisoner's request. I asked for it back about three or four days after. He told me he was going to stay at the Carlton, as he was doing some business with electric people and must have a good address. I asked him how he was going to pay, and he said, "I expect to make £150, but I am sure to make £60 before the end of the week with which I can pay my bill" When I asked him for the cheque he told me it had been destroyed, I said, "You ought not to have destroyed the cheque until I had seen it." Plews gave me another cheque for £35, and those are the only cheques I used out of that book. Plews's second cheque was presented over the counter, and shared the same fate as the first, went with Martin to the Carlton Hotel and went up to his room on
<hi rend="smallCaps"/> December 8—a Saturday—and I saw that trunk in his room. If saw it at the flat I never took any notice of it. It is not true that</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280054"/>
<p>I procured it for Martin. I never saw the trunk in my life until I went up to his room. I had nothing to do with putting the letters "G. P. upon it. On the following Monday I went to the hotel and had a chat with Martin in his room, and, noticing a stand with writing paper, I said, "Give me a sheet of notepaper, Charley". He said, "Take three or four," and those are the three or four sheets that were found in my trunk. He did not tell me at that time that he had already had £6 from the hotel. As to the cheque for £30 which Martin cashed I know absolutely nothing about that at all. I cannot account for his being in possession of the cheque. The cheque-book was lying in the back drawer of a wardrobe, where any
<lb/>body could take it. I do not say he took the cheque. No part of the cheque for £30 is in my handwriting. Of the £17 said by Mar
<lb/>tin to have been given to him by the Carlton Hotel people, I did not receive a sixpence. He never told me that he had had £17 from the Carlton. The first time I saw that cheque was the Wednesday after Martin had left the hotel, when I went to the Carlton to make inquiries. It was from Mr. Neumann that I learned that Martin had been staying there in the name of Payne, and I was very much surprised. I gave my own name when asked and the address where I was actually staying with a member of the music-hall profession. I deny that I gave Martin cards with the name "Geo. Payne" on. I never saw them at all. All that Martin has said about that is false. The first time I saw Martin, after the interview with Neumann, was in Brixton Prison. I had a certain amount of money owing to me from different parts of the world. I had a few hundred pounds owing in India, and was expecting some of it when I came to England. I had £500 or £600 when I came, and I had lent a good deal of this to acquaintances and was gradually getting it back. I did not carry it in my pocket. I had an account at the Credit Lyonnais. I lost a good deal of money in the "Theatrical and Sports Review." As soon as I found that the Carlton Hotel cheque had come out of Mrs. Fuller's book I said to myself, "There will be no more cheques used anyhow," so I went up to my room and burned the book. I did not return it to the owner well. As soon as I found that Martin had cashed the cheque I went to look for him, but could not find him.</p>
<p>To Prisoner Martin. You gave me none of the money you got from the Carlton Hotel. I got the suit I am wearing the same day you cashed the cheque from Welby and Co., 19, Queen Victoria Street, and paid them with a cheque on King, Hamilton, and Co., my bankers of Calcutta for 185 rupees. That account is open at the preset time. My account with the Credit Lyonnais is also open. I never had a cheque of Coutts and Co. Witness was then asked to write his signature and the filling in of the cheque of December 15, 1906.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Leycester. The story told by Martin is</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280055"/>
<p>a tissue of lies. I had had a quarrel with Martin about playing cards. I remember calling on Miss Thomas on November 5. Miss Thomas asked me if the cheque-book was of any use to Me Her account of what took place is partially true. I was lying on a sofa and reading some cuttings out of a newspaper, and she was turn
<lb/>ing the box over, and she said, "Is this any use to you?"I said, "What is it?"She said, "It is a cheque book." It was her idea that it might be of use to me. I was indifferent, but eventually I took it and put it in my pocket. I do not know how many cheques there were in it. I did not take much notice. I have never had an ac
<lb/>count at the National Provincial. She told me the book belonged to Mrs. Fuller. It was absolutely no use. I am nut in the habit of carrying cheque-books on banks where I have no account. I have enough to do to carry my own books. Only four of Mrs. Fuller's cheques were used to my knowledge. I said to Miss Thomas, "It use it to "flash" because I have plenty of books of my own to use if I required them. I had at that time an account with the Credit Lyonnais, Cockspur Street. The cheque for £45, signed by Plews, was the first cheque taken out of the book. I cannot give You the date of that nor the date when it was given to Reynolds. If Martin says it was December 1 it may have been about that date. The cheque for £35 was after I had had the cheque for £45 returned. The cheque for £50 is the one I acknow
<lb/>ledge having written. I think that was in the first week that I was with Martin. I am not sure, but some time before he went to the Carl
<lb/>ton. Both Plews's cheques were signed "A. E. Plewe" and made payable to "A. E. Oatley." Both were dishonoured. I do not know of any George Payne, and had never known Martin by that name, nor do I know any W. B. West. I never intended Martin to cash that cheque for £50, or to allow it to go out of his hands. He asked me to give him a cheque to "flash," as anyone seeing it in his possession would naturally think he had money, and the evidence is that the cashier at the hotel seeing it was induced to let him have £6. There is no fraud in showing a false cheque if it is not made use of, but, morally speaking, I should not call it honest. I had never done such a thing before. I entirely trusted to Martin not to put the cheque to an improper use. I called on Martin on the Mon
<lb/>day after he went to the Carlton, but I was not there on the following Friday. I was not there again until I went to see Mr. Neumann, Monday was the day on which I got the notepaper. I took it to write a letter on. A person to whom I might write would not think I was staying at the Carlton if I struck out the heading. I did scratch the heading out from the letter I wrote, and intended to scratch out the heading of the other sheets if I used them. When I found that Martin had been staying at the hotel in the name of Payne I was not surprised to hear that he had let them in with a bad cheque. It did occur to me that that might be the cheque I had given him, but I did not say anything about it; if I had done</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280056"/>
<p>a silly thing I was not going to incriminate myself. My telling Neu
<lb/>man that Martin had done me for a "fiver" was absolutely a "fairy tale." There was no truth in the description I gave of the meeting at the Queen's Hotel. As a matter of fact, I had not £5 to lend him in the week from December 8 to 15. When I saw Neumann I did not realise that this was a different cheque from the one I had given Martin. I wanted to find out exactly what Martin had done without incriminating myself. I did not realise that it was not the cheque I had given him until I saw it at Marlborough Street Police Court. Then I saw it was not my writing. Neumann told me the hotel was going to prosecute. The next person I saw about the matter was Detective-sergeant West He asked me if I bad given or lent a cheque to Martin, and I said, "No." It was nothing to do with me. If I had caught Martin I would have thrashed him or he would have thrashed me, one of the two, but I was not an informer, so I did not tell West that I had given him a cheque. I did not tell West I had not handled one since I had been in London—absolutely never. If I had said so it would have been untrue. I left the lodg
<lb/>ings a considerable time after I had seen West, some time after the New Year. I know that a warrant was issued for me, and that was why I left London and went to Birmingham. There I heard that Martin had made a false statement against me, but I had no funds and no friends to conduct my defence, and I did not want to be brought into a matter in which I was innocent. I still say that when I got the cheque-book I did not want it for any particular purpose. The cheque produced was drawn by me on Coutts' Bank, and was given to a Mrs. Read in payment for two Japanese spaniels. That is the subject of another charge. I had no account at Coutts. I signed that cheque in the name of A. J. Macbride. Mrs. Read is a lady living at Clapham. I understand it was dishonoured. The form was given to me to write out a cheque on. I had not known the person who gave it to me long. I knew it was a fake document It was given to me to use to get the dogs. I did not receive any change for it. I never heard where my friend got the cheque from, but I heard from the police that the cheque-book was taken from a bag that was stolen at Paddington. I had two accounts at the Credit Lyonnais. One was opened on May 4 last year with a credit of £270. I could not say whether I drew my last cheque on that on May 30, leaving a balance of 3s. 7d. I opened another account, but I could not say the exact date; I have not the dates in my head The two accounts were running together. It is probably correct that at the beginning of June there was a credit of only 1s. 9d. in the second account. I know a Mr. Wardlaw Read, tailor, of Tottenham Court Road. At the end of June I went to him and bought some clothes, for which I paid £15 or £16 by cheque on the Credit Lyonnais. That cheque was also dishonoured I believe, but I did not know it would be when I drew it. When I drew that cheque I had goods and furniture to the amount of over £120 at my office,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280057"/>
<p>which I left to other people to realise, but they did not do it. I bought the furniture out of my own pocket, but there were two or three people in the newspaper with me, and they would not sell it. At any rate, Read never got the money. A few days afterwards I gave a cheque for £5 14s. 8d. to a Mrs. Werner, with whom I had been lodging, which was also dishonoured. I had always paid her by cheque. It was not till after I had drawn the cheques that I found I could not dispose of the furniture. I have no recollection of giving a cheque on July 6 to a person named Laudenberger or anything like that. If I had I suppose it would have been dis
<lb/>honoured. I have no recollection of having drawn a number of cheques in my time which I had not funds to meet. I seem to have a recollection of the name of Brenner. To the beat of my belief I have never drawn a cheque in his favour. I have no recollection of drawing a cheque to bearer for £2 10s. on July 20. I drew cheques for £3 3s. and £1 on the Credit Lyonnais, but there was no considera
<lb/>tion given as they were gambling transactions. I had a reasonable ex
<lb/>pectation of meeting all these cheques when I drew them. I had a considerable amount of money owing to me, and thought I would get some in, but was disappointed.</p>
<p>Re-examined. The quarrel about cards was before I had the interview with Mr. Neumann at the Carlton. At the time I obtained the cheque-book from Miss Thomas I had three different banks. I never used the Carlton notepaper for any improper purpose.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19070128-36-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-36-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-36-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Both guilty of forging and uttering.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Leycester said he thought he ought also to proceed against Oatley in respect of the cheque for £65.</p>
<p>Prisoner Oatley withdrew his plea of not guilty and
<rs id="t19070128-36-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-36-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-36-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty.</rs> A very bad character was given to both prisoners by the police.</p>
<p>Sentences, Oatley
<rs id="t19070128-36-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-36-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-36-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-36-19070128 t19070128-36-punishment-31"/>four years' penal servitude</rs>,
<rs id="t19070128-36-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-36-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-36-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-36-19070128 t19070128-36-punishment-32"/>Martin three years' penal servitude.</rs> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOURTH COURT</hi>; Thursday, January 31.</p>
<p>(Before Judge Rentoul.)</p>
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<rs id="t19070128-37-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-37-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-37-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="keepingABrothel"/>; procuring
<persName id="t19070128-name-158" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-158" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-158" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-158" type="given" value="POLLY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-37-offence-1 t19070128-name-158"/>Polly Davis</persName> to become a common prostitute;</rs>
<rs id="t19070128-37-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-37-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-37-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="kidnapping"/>taking
<persName id="t19070128-name-159" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-159" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-159" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-159" type="given" value="POLLY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-37-offence-2 t19070128-name-159"/>Polly Davis</persName>, an unmarried girl under the age of 18 years, out of the possession of and against the will of her father,
<persName id="t19070128-name-160" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-160" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-160" type="given" value="HILLAVITCH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-37-offence-2 t19070128-name-160"/>Hillavitch Davis</persName>, with intent that she should be carnally known by men.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Temple Martin prosecuted. Mr. Purcell defended.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19070128-37-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-37-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-37-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty of procuring.</rs> The police gave prisoner a bad character. Sentence,
<rs id="t19070128-37-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-37-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-37-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-37-19070128 t19070128-37-punishment-33"/>two years' hard labour</rs>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280058"/>
<p>454 January, 1907 (2).</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>; Friday, February 1.</p>
<p>(Before Mr. Justice Kennedy.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070128-38">
<interp inst="t19070128-38" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070128"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-38" type="date" value="19070128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-38-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-38-19070128 t19070128-38-offence-1 t19070128-38-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-38-19070128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-38-19070128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19070128" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19070128" type="surname" value="STEVENS"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19070128" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19070128" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">STEVENS</hi>, James (33, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19070128-38-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-38-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-38-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assaultWithIntent"/>. (1) Attempting to carnally know
<persName id="t19070128-name-162" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-162" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-162" type="surname" value="STEVENS"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-162" type="given" value="ALICE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-38-offence-1 t19070128-name-162"/>Alice Stevens</persName>, a girl under the age of 13 years (his daughter); (2) indecently assaulting her.</rs> Verdict,
<rs id="t19070128-38-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-38-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-38-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty of attempting to carnally know.</rs> of attempting to carnally know. Sentence,
<rs id="t19070128-38-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-38-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-38-punishment-34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-38-19070128 t19070128-38-punishment-34"/>13 months hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>; Friday, February 1.</p>
<p>(Before the Recorder.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070128-39">
<interp inst="t19070128-39" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070128"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-39" type="date" value="19070128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-39-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-39-19070128 t19070128-39-offence-1 t19070128-39-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-39-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-39-19070128 t19070128-39-offence-2 t19070128-39-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-39-19070128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-39-19070128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19070128" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19070128" type="surname" value="PITTS"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19070128" type="given" value="ERNEST ADDINGTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19070128" type="occupation" value="stationer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PITTS</hi>. Ernest Addington (33, stationer)</persName>
<rs id="t19070128-39-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-39-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-39-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>; indicted for forging and uttering,</rs> and
<rs id="t19070128-39-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-39-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-39-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>for obtaining money and credit by false pretences,</rs>
<rs id="t19070128-39-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-39-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-39-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>pleaded not guilty to forgery, guilty on the other count.</rs> A number of witnesses were called to character. Sentence,
<rs id="t19070128-39-punishment-35" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-39-punishment-35" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-39-punishment-35" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-39-19070128 t19070128-39-punishment-35"/>12 months' im
<lb/>prisonment in the second division.</rs> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOURTH COURT</hi>; Friday, February I.</p>
<p>(Before Judge Rentoul.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070128-40">
<interp inst="t19070128-40" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070128"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-40" type="date" value="19070128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-40-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-40-19070128 t19070128-40-offence-1 t19070128-40-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-40-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-40-19070128 t19070128-40-offence-2 t19070128-40-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-40-19070128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-40-19070128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-40-19070128" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-40-19070128" type="surname" value="COHEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-40-19070128" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-40-19070128" type="occupation" value="merchant"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COHEN</hi>, Harry (24, merchant)</persName>
<rs id="t19070128-40-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-40-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-40-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>; obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t19070128-name-165" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-165" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-165" type="surname" value="ROSENTOWER"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-165" type="given" value="PAUL LUDWIG VICTOR"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-40-offence-1 t19070128-name-165"/>Paul Ludwig Victor Rosentower</persName> 65 1/2 dyed sable squirrel linings, 2,410 marmot skins, and 80 ermine skins, with intent to defraud;</rs>
<rs id="t19070128-40-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-40-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-40-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bankrupcy"/>in incurring a debt and liability to the amount of £639 2s. 1d. to the said
<persName id="t19070128-name-166">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-166" type="surname" value="ROSENTOWER"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-166" type="given" value="PAUL LUDWIG VICTOR"/>P. L. V. Rosentower</persName> did unlawfully obtain credit by means of false pretences and by means of fraud other than false pretences; within four months next before the presentation of a bankruptcy petition against him by a certain false re
<lb/>presentation did obtain certain property on credit and has not paid for same, and being a trader, did obtain the said property on credit by false pretences and has not paid for same, with intent to defraud; within four months next before the presentation of a bankruptcy petition against him, then being a trader, unlawfully and with intent to defraud his creditors did dispose of otherwise than in the ordinary way of his trade certain property which he had obtained on credit and has not paid for; being a bankrupt did unlawfully quit England and take with him the sum of £100 with intent to defraud his creditors.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Forrest Fulton and Mr. Eustace Fulton prosecuted. Mr. H. G. Rooth defended.</p>
<p>Mr. Rooth stated that prisoner had been committed from the Cape under Sections 8 and 9 of the Fugitive Offenders Act, 1881, on a warrant charging the obtaining by false pretences furs from Rosen tower only; before the Alderman further charges under the Bankruptcy Act were added; and subsequently he had received</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280059"/>
<p>a copy of further evidence proposed to ho adduced in regard to other charges. He submitted that the Court had no jurisdiction to try prisoner for any offence except that upon which he was extradited or committed from the Cape.</p>
<p>Mr. Forrest Fulton: Sections 8 and 9 or the Fugitive Offenders Act re
<lb/>enacted the Colonial Arrest Act, 6 and 7 Vict. c. 34, s. 7. In R. v. Phillips (1 Foster and Finlason, p. 105) it was held that additional charges could be included. that case was decided in 1568, had never been overruled, and bad been since followed. Judge Rentoul: I think that case settles the matter, and rule that the counts are properly included.</p>
<p>Mr. Forrest Fulton, having opened the case,
<rs id="t19070128-40-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-40-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-40-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>prisoner pleaded guilty to the two count—obtaining by false pretences from Rosen
<lb/>tower 65 1/2 squirrel skins and 2,410 marmot skins, with intent to de
<lb/>fraud; and also to having within four months before the presenta
<lb/>tion of a bankruptcy petition feloniously parted with property to the amount of £20 and upwards.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19070128-40-punishment-36" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-40-punishment-36" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-40-punishment-36" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-40-19070128 t19070128-40-punishment-36"/>Nine months' imprisonment</rs> in second division.</p>
<p>Mr. Rooth admitted that £553 found on the prisoner was obtained from the sale of goods belonging to Rosentower, less £90 which had been traced to notes received from the sale of goods obtained from Buselik.</p>
<p>Mr. Forrest Fulton asked for an order for payment to Rosentower of the amount received from his goods.</p>
<p>Mr. Leycester, on behalf of the Trustee in prisoner's bankruptcy, submitted that no order should be made; and that the Court had no power to make such order.</p>
<p>Judge Rentoul, having consulted the Recorder and the Common Serjeant, said be had power to make the order, and would make the order on the ground that he believed the statement of the prisoner, that the money was the proceeds of Roser
<lb/>tower's goods. If it had been unsold property, there would be no difficulty, and, believing the statement of the prisoner, he should make the order. There would be no order as to the £90, as there was no conviction in the case of Buselik.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070128-41">
<interp inst="t19070128-41" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070128"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-41" type="date" value="19070128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-41-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-41-19070128 t19070128-41-offence-1 t19070128-41-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-41-19070128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-41-19070128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-41-19070128" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-41-19070128" type="surname" value="TEHAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-41-19070128" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="def1-41-19070128" type="occupation" value="coster"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">TEHAN</hi>, Joseph (31, coster)</persName>
<rs id="t19070128-41-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-41-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-41-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>; feloniously wounding
<persName id="t19070128-name-168" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-168" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-168" type="surname" value="BARTON"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-168" type="given" value="ALLEN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-41-offence-1 t19070128-name-168"/>Allen Barton</persName> with intent to do him some grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Cornes prosecuted; Mr. Sydney Williams defended.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-169" type="surname" value="BARTON"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-169" type="given" value="ALLEN"/>ALLEN BARTON</persName> </hi>. On December 21 I was with prisoner. We had had several friendly drinks together, and I was rather drank. Pri
<lb/>soner and I went into a coffee-house, were put out, and we had a bit of a jangle. We were both drunk. I cannot say what we were jangling about. We then went down the road, and I got a cut on the thigh. We were not jangling then. I was jangling with another man. There were a lot of us together, and I got jangling with some other man—not the prisoner. I do not know how I got it, but I know I got a cut on my thigh.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-170" type="surname" value="SIMES"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-170" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT SIMES</persName> </hi>. I know prisoner and prosecutor. On December 21 I had just come home from work when prisoner came up to me and struck me and I struck him back. I was not in the coffee-house and was quite sober. I went at the prisoner. Prosecutor rushed in behind me and pulled me away, and then he said, "I have got a cut in my lag. Will you take me to the hospital?"I said, "No." I would not take him to the hospital because I was excited.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner struck me first. I was having an altercation with the prisoner. I did not see any knife and din not see prisoner strike prosecutor at all.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280060"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-171" type="surname" value="SIMES"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-171" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT SIMES</persName> </hi>. father of last witness. On December 21 when this fight took place I saw a crowd as I was going home. Prisoner was there; he was not much intoxicated. Someone in the crowd handed up a razor. I did net see it as I was standing near the constable at the time.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I saw somebody bring a knife and hand it to the constable. I was not that person. I was coming from my work and saw a crowd outside Johnson's fish shop. I was not there when my son was struck. People said in prisoner's presence that he was the man who used the razor. He did not deny it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-172" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-172" type="surname" value="BOREHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-172" type="given" value="VINCENT"/>VINCENT BOREHAM</persName> </hi>, 188, Garrett Lane, clothier. On December 21, at about six p.m., I heard a commotion outside my shop. I went out and saw the prosecutor outside Johnson's fish shop in a faint
<lb/>ing condition. The prisoner was in a state of half-drunkenness. I did not see the cut given, or any knife or razor. I saw the razor case in prisoners hand afterwards. When the constable had the prisoner by the collar prisoner said, "I did it, didn't I?"and the prosecutor said, "Yes." Prisoner said, "I have got to suffer for it, have not I?"The wounded man said, "Yes," and then the doctor came up.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. When prisoner said, "I did it, didn't It" he did not say what he was referring to. Except that I saw the razor
<lb/>case in his hand, I know nothing about it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-173" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-173" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-173" type="surname" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-173" type="given" value="CADOGAN"/>CADOGAN THOMAS</persName> </hi>, 315. Garrett Lane, Earlsfield, medical practi
<lb/>tioner. On December 21, a little after six p.m., I was called by the police, and saw prosecutor, half fainting, held up by two men, suffer
<lb/>ing from a wound on the inside of the thigh. He was brought to my surgery, and I found he had a clean incised cut on the right thigh about an inch deep, 6 £in. to 7 in. long. I stitched it with 12 stitches and bandaged it.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prosecutor had been drinking; that is as far as I can go.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-174" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-174" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-174" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-174" type="given" value="THOMAS WILLIAM"/>THOMAS WILLIAM EVANS</persName> </hi>, assistant medical officer, Wandsworth In
<lb/>firmary. On December 21, at 8. 30 p.m., prosecutor was brought to the infirmary with his right thigh bandaged. The next morning I removed the bandage and found a wound about 6 1/2 in. long, with 12 stitches on it. He remained in the infirmary until January 17. He is now in no danger. The wound was dangerous from its position, as an artery might have been cut, when, if a doctor had not been present, he would have bled to death in half an hour. The wound was caused by some sharp instrument.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prosecutor was sober.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-175" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-175" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-175" type="surname" value="BARTON"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-175" type="given" value="ALLEN"/>ALLEN BARTON</persName> </hi>, recalled. I do not remember prisoner saving, "I did it, didn't I?"I do not know it. I cannot be sure whether he said it or not.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-176" type="surname" value="WATSON"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-176" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN WATSON</persName> </hi>, 145, Garrett Lane. I am 14 years of age. On December 21 I was in Bridges' coffee shop at about six p.m. Pri
<lb/>soner and prosecutor came in. Prosecutor smarted rowing with the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280061"/>
<p>cook and they were turned out. They started fighting outside in the road—only prisoner and prosecutor. They were both drunk, I saw prisoner knock prosecutor in the road. Then Simes came up and went into the coffee-shop. Mr. Simes, sen., said in the presence of prisoner, "He has nearly cut my boy's hand off, and he is the one that cut Barton's leg." Prisoner said, "I know I done it—here 11 the case of the razor I done it with." He showed the case to me. Simes. (To the Jury.) The case was in his hand.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. One part of the case was in the prisoner's hand—not the razor.</p>
<p>Detective
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM HIRD</hi>, V Division. On January 5 I saw pri
<lb/>soner at the back of the police court. He said, "About six o'clock on December 21 I was going up the lane (meaning Garrett Lane) with Allen Barton. Simes and Allen followed us up. They asked us for some money. Simes asked us. Simes struck out at ns and then we had a general fight I had a kick in the leg and I well to the ground. I do not know were I used the razor or not, but Barton gave it to me." Then he signed it. (To the Jury.) Pri
<lb/>soner said, "I do not know were I used it or not." He meant "whether."</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">EDWIN SMITH</hi>, 215 V. On December 21 I saw the prosecutor in Garrett Lane, supported by two men. He had a large cut in his right thigh, which was bleeding. This razor (produced) was given me by Robert Simes, sen. Prisoner stood about 10 to 20 yards away. Prosecutor was drunk. Prosecutor said something in the hearing of prisoner. [Prisoner being stated to be deaf the statement was not given.] I took prisoner into custody. He said, "I broke the f—g razor on him, and I wish it had killed him." I am certain prisoner said that. I am quite certain prisoner heard what prosecutor said in the first instance. He did not answer it. Pri
<lb/>soner was drunk when taken into custody, and he was charged two hours afterwards.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I say Simes, sen., handed me that razor. I heard him deny it at the police court, and I adhere to my statement. Simes was recalled and declared he did not give the razor to the witness Simes came up and said, "This man has cut off three of my son's fingers." I did not say this at the police court because I afterwards learnt that the son was not hurt at all. Prisoner did not try to get away in the least. He afterwards told me he had a kick on the leg. He could not run away.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-177" type="surname" value="TEHAN"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-177" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH TEHAN</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). Me and Barton was going up Garrett Lane. We had a row. We went into Bridget' coffee shop. Bridges would not serve us because we were drunk. We came out and were going towards Earlsfield Station, when Allen and Simes followed us up and demanded money. We refused, and walked away. One of them came up and struck Mr. I told him I could not manage the two together. I pulled out the razor and just showed it to them. They struck me again, and Simes challenged me to fight. I told him I did not want to fight. I ran after them with the razor in</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280062"/>
<p>the case in my hand, and as I was running the razor dropped out of the case and the handle broke. I went to pick up the razor, and got a kick in the nose and got a kick in the leg. The bridge of my nose is smashed. I got up. On the ground there were myself, Barton, Allen, and Simes, all four of us struggling about on the ground. When I got up I got a kick. I never saw any more of that razor. [To the Judge.] I take my oath I never cut prosecutor. I was drunk, but I could remember what I was doing. I never said what the con
<lb/>stable says. I should be very sorry to go and do that to my own chum, my best pal.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I could not say whether I said to Barton, "I did it. Did not I?"I never said, "I will have to suffer for it, won't It" I should be very sorry to do it to my own chum. I showed them the razor to frighten them. I could not manage half a dozen. I never used it.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19070128-41-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-41-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-41-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>. Prisoner confessed to being convicted of felony lit South-Western Police Court on February 24, 1904, receiving three months' hard labour for stealing cigars. Several other convictions were proved. Prisoner was stated to have deserted or been discharged from seven or eight regiments.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19070128-41-punishment-37" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-41-punishment-37" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-41-punishment-37" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-41-19070128 t19070128-41-punishment-37"/>Nine months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070128-42">
<interp inst="t19070128-42" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070128"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-42" type="date" value="19070128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-42-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-42-19070128 t19070128-42-offence-1 t19070128-42-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-42-19070128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-42-19070128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-42-19070128" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-42-19070128" type="surname" value="SHELDRAKE"/>
<interp inst="def1-42-19070128" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-42-19070128" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SHELDRAKE</hi>, Thomas (28, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19070128-42-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-42-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-42-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>; feloniously causing grievous bodily harm to
<persName id="t19070128-name-179" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-179" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-179" type="surname" value="MOLES"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-179" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-42-offence-1 t19070128-name-179"/>James Moles</persName>, with intent to do him some grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Sydney Williams prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-180" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-180" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-180" type="surname" value="MOLES"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-180" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES MOLES</persName> </hi>. On December 19, 1906, I was in the "North Pole" public-house, Stepney, drinking. Prisoner was in the bar when I went in. He asked me whether I could manage a drink. I said, "Yes," and paid for a pot of ale for him and then went on conversing with my friend. Prisoner said, "I am sorry, Jim, I could not help bunging you hard wood in." I said, "I am perfectly aware of that" I had had a few drinks. They called out "Time."' We went out, and as I was standing a few yards further up a man holla'ed out, "Look cut, Jim." I turned round and saw the prisoner running towards Mr. I jumped out of his way into the road, and he rushed past me as he could not stop himself and came back in a fighting attitude. I put ray hands up to defend myself. He made a feint to hit me with his hand, brought his foot round, and kicked me in the leg. I fell down and while I was lying on the ground he stood over me and brought his heel down on my left eye.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-181" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-181" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-181" type="surname" value="COLE"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-181" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM COLE</persName> </hi>, 76, Eastfield Street, E., fish porter. On the night of December 19 I was in the "North Pole" with prisoner and prose
<lb/>cutor. We all came out together. While the prosecutor was talking to the landlord at the door, I saw the prisoner coming up. I said, "Look out, Jim." Prosecutor jumped into the road. I said to pri
<lb/>soner, "Tom, you don't want to fight, do you?"He took no notice and I went off. Eight or 10 yards further from us prosecutor fell and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280063"/>
<p>said, "Let me get up." Prisoner said, "I will let you get up," and he put his foot in prosecutor's left eye and caused a wound. [To the Jury.] They both shaped up to fight. I tried to stop the fight. Prosecutor fell down. The prisoner did not fail too.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-182" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-182" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-182" type="surname" value="TYLER"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-182" type="given" value="EMMA"/>EMMA TYLER</persName> </hi>, 51, Elsa Street, E. Very early in the morning of De
<lb/>cember 20 I heard screaming outside my door and went out. I saw the prosecutor lying on the ground, and I saw the other young man (the prisoner) kick him in his eye with his boot. His eye was bleed
<lb/>ing, and I went in to get a basin of water to bathe it. Prisoner went sway. I know prisoner to be the man. It happened just outside my door. Prisoner never fell down.</p>
<p>Dr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">TIDY</hi>, house surgeon, London Hospital. In the early morning of December 20 prosecutor was brought to Mr. He had a cut over the left eye, about 1 1/2 in. long, and there was a breakage of one of the bones in the leg, just above the ankle. The wound over the eye was a clean, incised cut—a straight cut about 1 1/2 in. long; it suggested being done with something with a straight edge. It was consistent with the heel of a boot. One could not decide at all, but it would be consistent with having been caused with the heel of a boot.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-183" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-183" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-183" type="surname" value="VINCENT"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-183" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS VINCENT</persName> </hi>. I was in the "North Polo" on the night of the quarrel and saw prisoner and prosecutor there. Prosecutor challenged the prisoner to fight. Prisoner said, "I don't care." Then prose
<lb/>cutor turned round and called for a pot of beer. I heard no more till the barman called "Time" and we all went out. I heard prose
<lb/>cutor telling the prisoner to fight again. Prisoner lost his temper, struck at him, and missed him. Prosecutor sparred up, and they had a bit of a fight, got close together, and all at once prosecutor fell on the ground. I went to the prisoner and told him to run away out of it as there were a lot of chaps coming up the street.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I told him to run away because I thought it would stop further bother if I got the men apart. I did not see any kicking. It may have taken place. I saw prosecutor fall. Pri
<lb/>soner did not fall at all.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070128-name-184" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-184" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-184" type="surname" value="SHELDRAKE"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-184" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS SHELDRAKE</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath). I had had six weeks at Wandsworth and this man had had 21 days. We were in the beer shop. Prosecutor was half drunk, and he had a drop of rum in the beer shop. He and the other man had got it made up between their two selves, and he comes to me and said, "Here is that C. S. what used to fetch hard wood in to me at Wandsworth. "I said, I could not pick it out for you; I had the warder there." With that he started arguing, and ordered me to fight Vincent said, "It is a nice thing to fetch up in a public bar." We came out and pro
<lb/>secutor ordered me to fight again. I lost my temper. We clung together, and we both went down. I got up sharp. Then Vincent told ma to run away, and we both ran into Vincent's house, as he might have kicked me and I would not be able to stop him.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19070128-42-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-42-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-42-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701280064"/>
<p>Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">GIRDLER</hi>. H Division, proved a number of convictions for drunkenness and assault, and stated that prisoner was a nuisance all round the district; he got work and then got drunk, and made a mark on the police. He was never sober.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19070128-42-punishment-38" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-42-punishment-38" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-42-punishment-38" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-42-19070128 t19070128-42-punishment-38"/>Twelve months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>; Saturday, February 2.</p>
<p>(Before the Recorder.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070128-43">
<interp inst="t19070128-43" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070128"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-43" type="date" value="19070128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-43-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-43-19070128 t19070128-43-offence-1 t19070128-43-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070128-43-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-43-19070128 t19070128-43-offence-1 t19070128-43-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-43-19070128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-43-19070128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-43-19070128" type="age" value="45"/>
<interp inst="def1-43-19070128" type="surname" value="SYMONS"/>
<interp inst="def1-43-19070128" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-43-19070128" type="occupation" value="agent"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SYMONS</hi>. George (45, agent)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-43-19070128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-43-19070128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-43-19070128" type="age" value="39"/>
<interp inst="def2-43-19070128" type="surname" value="MARSHALL"/>
<interp inst="def2-43-19070128" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def2-43-19070128" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARSHALL</hi>, John (39, clerk)</persName>
<rs id="t19070128-43-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070128-43-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-43-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>; both conspiring and agreeing together by false pretences to de
<lb/>fraud divers liege subjects of His Majesty of their moneys and obtain
<lb/>ing by false pretences the sum of 5s. from
<persName id="t19070128-name-187" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-187" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-187" type="surname" value="DE FONTAINE"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-187" type="given" value="LOUIS B"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-43-offence-1 t19070128-name-187"/>Louis B. de Fontaine</persName>; £1 from
<persName id="t19070128-name-188" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-188" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-188" type="surname" value="FRY"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-188" type="given" value="FRANCIS C"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-43-offence-1 t19070128-name-188"/>Francis C. Fry</persName>; 5s. from
<persName id="t19070128-name-189" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-189" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-189" type="surname" value="TIDMARSH"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-189" type="given" value="ALFRED WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-43-offence-1 t19070128-name-189"/>Alfred William Tidmarsh</persName>; 5s. from
<persName id="t19070128-name-190" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-190" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-190" type="surname" value="IVENS"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-190" type="given" value="RONALD A"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-43-offence-1 t19070128-name-190"/>Ronald A. Ivens</persName>; 5s. and 2s. 6d. from
<persName id="t19070128-name-191" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-191" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-191" type="surname" value="SPRINGHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-191" type="given" value="ROBERT WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-43-offence-1 t19070128-name-191"/>Robert William Springham</persName>; 2s. 6d. from
<persName id="t19070128-name-192" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-192" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-192" type="surname" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-192" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-43-offence-1 t19070128-name-192"/>Charles Henry</persName>; 2s. 6d. from
<persName id="t19070128-name-193" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-193" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-193" type="surname" value="MAUVICE"/>
<interp inst="t19070128-name-193" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070128-43-offence-1 t19070128-name-193"/>Frederick Mauvice</persName>; 5s. from
<persName id="t19070128-name-194" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070128-name-194" type="gender" value=