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<div1 type="frontMatter" id="f19070108">
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<p>1907, JANUARY (1).</p>
<p>Vol. CXLVI.] [Part 867.</p>
<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</p>
<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>TRELOAR, MAYOR.</p>
<p>THIRD SESSION,</p>
<p>HELD JANUARY 8TH, 1907, AND FOLLOWING DAYS.</p>
<p>MINUTES OF EVIDENCE,</p>
<p>TAKEN IN SHORTHAND BY</p>
<p>GEORGE WALPOLE,</p>
<p>Shorthand Writer to the Court.</p>
<p>POINTS OF LAW AND PRACTICE</p>
<p>EDITED BY</p>
<p>R. F. GRAHAM-CAMPBELL, ESQUIRE,</p>
<p>OF THE INNER TEMPLE.</p>
<p>[Published by Annual Subscription.]</p>
<p>LONDON:</p>
<p>GEO. WALPOLE, 1, NEW COURT, LINCOLN'S INN, W.C.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080004"/>
<p>PRINTED BY</p>
<p>THE ARGUS PRINTING COMPANY, LIMITED,</p>
<p>CORNER OF TUDOR STREET AND TEMPLE AVENUE,</p>
<p>LONDON, E.C.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080005"/>
<p>THE</p>
<p>WHOLE PROCEEDINGS</p>
<p>On the King's Commission of</p>
<p>OYER AND TERMINER AND GAOL DELIVERY</p>
<p>FOR</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>AND GAOL DELIVERY FOR THE</p>
<p>COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX, AND THE PARTS OF THE COUNTIES OF ESSEX, KENT, AND SURREY WITHIN THE JURISDICTION</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT,</p>
<p>Held on Tuesday, January 8th, 1907, and following days.</p>
<p>Before the Right Hon. Sir
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM PURDIE TRELOAR</hi>, Bart.,
<hi rend="largeCaps">LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; the Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-1" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-1" type="surname" value="LAWRANCE"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-1" type="given" value="JOHN COMPTON"/>JOHN COMPTON LAWRANCE</persName> </hi>, Knight, one of the Justices of His Majesty's High Court; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">H. E. KNIGHT</hi>, Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">W. H. WILKIN</hi>, K.C.M.G., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">M. SAMUEL</hi>, Bart., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">G. W. TRUSCOTT</hi>, Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">H. G. SMALLMAN</hi>, Lieut.-Col.
<hi rend="smallCaps">F. S. HANSON</hi>, Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">FORREST FULTON</hi>, Knight, K.C., Recorder of the said City;
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-2" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-2" type="surname" value="BOSANQUET"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-2" type="given" value="FREDERICK ALBERT"/>FREDERICK ALBERT BOSANQUET</persName> </hi>, Esq., K.C., Common Serjeant of the said City; His Honour Judge
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-3" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-3" type="given" value="LUMLEY"/>LUMLEY SMITH</persName> </hi>, Commissioner; and His Honour Judge
<hi rend="smallCaps">RENTOUL</hi>, K.C., Commissioner, His Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS BOOR CROSBY</hi>, Esq., Alderman</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-4" type="surname" value="DUNN"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-4" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY DUNN</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HENRY RIDGE GREENHILL</hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-5" type="surname" value="TIMBRELL"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-5" type="given" value="ANDREW WILLIAM"/>ANDREW WILLIAM TIMBRELL</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080007"/>
<p>1907.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">TRELOAR, MAYOR. THIRD SESSION</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>; Tuesday, January 8.</p>
<p>(Before the Recorder.)</p>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-1-19070108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-1-19070108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-1-19070108" type="age" value="50"/>
<interp inst="def1-1-19070108" type="surname" value="COLE"/>
<interp inst="def1-1-19070108" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-1-19070108" type="occupation" value="warehouseman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COLE</hi>, Harry (50 warehouseman)</persName>
<rs id="t19070108-1-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-1-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-1-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> </rs>
<rs id="t19070108-1-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-1-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-1-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>; pleaded guilty to stealing a leather bag, the goods of
<persName id="t19070108-name-7" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-7" type="surname" value="POSEN"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-7" type="given" value="EUGENE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070108-1-offence-1 t19070108-name-7"/>Eugene Posen</persName>, and feloniously receiving same; he also confessed to a conviction on June 16, 1903 at Guild
<lb/>hall Justice-room, of obtaining goods by false pretences; three other convictions were proved.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19070108-1-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-1-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-1-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-1-19070108 t19070108-1-punishment-1"/> Nine months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-2-19070108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-2-19070108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-2-19070108" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-2-19070108" type="surname" value="HUGHES"/>
<interp inst="def1-2-19070108" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-2-19070108" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HUGHES</hi>, James (26, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19070108-2-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-2-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-2-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>; robbery with violence on
<persName id="t19070108-name-9" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-9" type="surname" value="LYNCH"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-9" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070108-2-offence-1 t19070108-name-9"/>James Lynch</persName> and stealing from him the sum of 14s.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. G. L. Hardy prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-10" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-10" type="surname" value="LYNCH"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-10" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES LYNCH</persName> </hi>, labourer, Poole Villas, The Grove, Hackney. On December 11 I was with a friend, Hidgens, in the "Bell" public-house, Osborne Street, Whitechapel; prisoner was in the bar. Hidgens and I left, prisoner being then in the "Bell." On parting with Hidgens I returned to Osborne Street and went into the "Compasses"; prisoner came in there soon after. On my leaving there I was followed by prisoner and two other men, and they got hold of me behind at the corner of a street and took between 14s. and 15s. from my trousers pocket; prisoner got his arm round my neck; I could see his face and am certain he is the man. The three men ran away. I met a constable, and later in the night I went to the station, where I picked out prisoner from ten or eleven others. At the "Compasses" I had changed a half-sovereign to pay for drinks; prisoner saw me do this.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. I first saw you in the "Bell" about seven o'clock. Two men came in and asked me and Hidgens to but a ring; you treated one of those men. The description I gave if you to the policeman, was a tall, fair man, with dark features; I did not mention clothes. I cannot give a description of the two men who were with you when I was robbed.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-11" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-11" type="surname" value="HIDGENS"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-11" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS HIDGENS</persName> </hi>, labourer, 64, Commercial Road. I was with prosecutor in the "Bell" and I remember seeing prisoner there; I saw him treat the man who came in to sell a ring.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080010"/>
<p>To Prisoner. When I first saw you in the "Bell" you were alone. I did not see you at all after I left. I identified you at the police court; that was eight days after this. I did not see the rob
<lb/>bery committed. Prosecutor had had some drinks with me, but I will not say that he was under the influence of drink. You did not treat me to a drink.</p>
<p>Police-Constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">FK. HUGHES</hi>, 295 H. On December 11, about 9.30 p.m., I saw prisoner and prosecutor walking together in Brick Lane; they were both the worse for drink. About tea o'clock prose
<lb/>cutor came to me and complained of having been robbed by a tall, ginger man. I recommended him to go to the station.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. I saw another man join you and prosecutor. Prose
<lb/>cutor was under the influence of drink. I am sure I saw you with prosecutor at 9.30. I had known you by sight before.</p>
<p>Police-Constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALFRED PUTT</hi>, 413 H. On December 11, at 10.45, I was on duty in Whitechapel Road with Police-Constable Sullivan; we were in plain clothes. Prosecutor came to us and said that he had been robbed. Upon his description of the man who had robbed him I went to Brick Lane, where I saw prisoner. I said, "Hughes, you know me." He said, "Well, what about it?" I told him I should take him to the station on suspicion of robbing a man about an hour and a half before. He said, "All right, come along." He had been drinking.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. Prosecutor, in describing the man who had robbed him, said that he was a man about your build and height and com
<lb/>plexion and dress; he described your clothes. When you were charged you made no reply; you did not say that you thought you were being taken for being drunk; you said that afterwards at the police court. On your being searched only two halfpennies were found on you. Prosecutor was under the influence of drink.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PRISONER</hi> (not on oath) said he was "innocent of the charge." He was in the "Bell" when prosecutor and Hidgens came in; they called for drinks and went out, and he did not see them again.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19070108-2-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-2-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-2-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>. Prisoner confessed to a conviction of felony at North London Sessions on May 29, 1905. Police proved other con
<lb/>victions and gave prisoner a very bad character; he was the asso
<lb/>ciate of the worst convicted thieves and was known as the leader of the Brick Lane gang.</p>
<p>Sentence.
<rs id="t19070108-2-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-2-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-2-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-2-19070108 t19070108-2-punishment-2"/>Three years' penal servitude</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19070108-3" type="date" value="19070108"/>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-3-19070108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-3-19070108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-3-19070108" type="age" value="53"/>
<interp inst="def1-3-19070108" type="surname" value="BELINO"/>
<interp inst="def1-3-19070108" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-3-19070108" type="occupation" value="engraver"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BELINO</hi>, Henry (53, engraver)</persName>
<rs id="t19070108-3-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-3-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-3-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> </rs>
<rs id="t19070108-3-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-3-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-3-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>; pleaded guilty to attempting to procure the commission by
<persName id="t19070108-name-13" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-13" type="surname" value="PEARCE"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-13" type="given" value="WALTER EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070108-3-offence-1 t19070108-name-13"/>Walter Edward Pearce</persName>, a male person, of at act of gross indecency with himself. Police proved a conviction, at the
<persName id="t19070108-name-14" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-14" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-14" type="surname" value="SESSIONS"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-14" type="given" value="SOUTH LONDON"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070108-3-offence-1 t19070108-name-14"/>South London Sessions</persName> on September 28, 1902, for indecent assault on a young girl.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19070108-3-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-3-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-3-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-3-19070108 t19070108-3-punishment-3"/>Nine months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-4-19070108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-4-19070108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19070108" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19070108" type="surname" value="BEATSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19070108" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19070108" type="occupation" value="agent"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BEATSON</hi>, William (37, agent)</persName>
<rs id="t19070108-4-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-4-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-4-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>; was tried at December Session, 1906, with certain misdemeanours</rs>, under three indictments, set out</p>
<p>at page 223 of this volume. On the first indictment he was found I not guilty; on the second the jury disagreed, and it is erroneously stated (page 227) that "the prosecution was abandoned." Prisoner was now tried again on the second indictment; the evidence given in December was repeated. Verdict,
<rs id="t19070108-4-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-4-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-4-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/> Guilty</rs>. The third indictment was not proceeded with, but remains on the file of the Court.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19070108-4-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-4-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-4-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-4-19070108 t19070108-4-punishment-4"/>Nine months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19070108-5" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070108"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-5" type="date" value="19070108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070108-5-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-5-19070108 t19070108-5-offence-1 t19070108-5-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070108-5-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-5-19070108 t19070108-5-offence-2 t19070108-5-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-5-19070108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-5-19070108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19070108" type="age" value="44"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19070108" type="surname" value="KENT"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19070108" type="given" value="RICHARD JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19070108" type="occupation" value="postman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">KENT</hi>, Richard John (44, postman)</persName>,
<rs id="t19070108-5-verdict-" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-5-verdict-" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-5-verdict-" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> </rs> and
<persName id="def2-5-19070108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-5-19070108" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-5-19070108" type="surname" value="DAVY"/>
<interp inst="def2-5-19070108" type="given" value="NELLIE LOUISA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DAVY</hi>, Nellie Louisa</persName>
<rs id="t19070108-5-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-5-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-5-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>; pleaded guilty to (Kent) steaking from and out of a post letter two postal orders for 1s. and 3s. and stealing one other postal order for 10s., the property of the Postmaster-General, he being employed under the Post Office; </rs>(Davy)
<rs id="t19070108-5-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-5-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-5-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/>feloniously receiving same</rs>.</p>
<p>Sentence, Kent,
<rs id="t19070108-5-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-5-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-5-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-5-19070108 t19070108-5-punishment-5"/>Twelve months' hard labour</rs>; Davy
<rs id="t19070108-5-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-5-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-5-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-5-19070108 t19070108-5-punishment-6"/>released on her own recognisances in £50 to come up for judgment if called upon</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19070108-6" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070108"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-6" type="date" value="19070108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070108-6-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-6-19070108 t19070108-6-offence-1 t19070108-6-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-6-19070108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-6-19070108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19070108" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19070108" type="surname" value="RUSSELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19070108" type="given" value="ARTHUR WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19070108" type="occupation" value="postman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RUSSELL</hi>, Arthur William (19, postman)</persName>
<rs id="t19070108-6-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-6-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-6-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> </rs>
<rs id="t19070108-6-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-6-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-6-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>; pleaded guilty to steal
<lb/>ing a post letter containing a postal order for 18s., the property of the Postmaster-General, he being employed under the Post Office.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence, Six months' hard labour.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070108-7">
<interp inst="t19070108-7" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070108"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-7" type="date" value="19070108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070108-7-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-7-19070108 t19070108-7-offence-1 t19070108-7-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-7-19070108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-7-19070108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19070108" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19070108" type="surname" value="HOBBS"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19070108" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19070108" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HOBBS</hi>, Alfred (21, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19070108-7-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-7-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-7-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> </rs>
<rs id="t19070108-7-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-7-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-7-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>; pleaded guilty to stealing a post letter containing seventeen postage stamps, the property of the
<persName id="t19070108-name-20" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-20" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070108-7-offence-1 t19070108-name-20"/>Post
<lb/>master-General</persName>, he being employed under the Post Office (as auxiliary postman).</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19070108-7-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-7-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-7-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-7-19070108 t19070108-7-punishment-7"/> Nine months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>; Tuesday, January 8.</p>
<p>(Before the Common Serjeant.)</p>
<p>
<persName id="t19070108-name-21">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-21" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-21" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-21" type="surname" value="DE MARNEY"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-21" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-21" type="occupation" value="editor"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DE MARNEY</hi>, Edward</persName>, (33, editor); was found guilty at last Oc
<lb/>tober Session (see preceding volume, page 721) of publishing obscene libels and conspiracy to publish same. A Case wee stated on the point of law set out in this record and was argued before the Court for the Consideration of Crown Cases Reserved on December 19, 1906, when the conviction was affirmed. Prisoner now came up for judgment.</p>
<p>Mr. R. D. Muir appeared for the prosecution. Mr. J. P. Grain and Mr. Forrest Fulton for prisoner.</p>
<p>Mr. Grain was heard in mitigation of punishment, and called wit
<lb/>nesses to character.</p>
<p>Sentence, Two months' imprisonment, second division.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080012"/>
<p>
<persName id="t19070108-name-22">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-22" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-22" type="age" value="43"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-22" type="surname" value="GOLDBLATT"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-22" type="given" value="HYMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-22" type="occupation" value="boot clicker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GOLDBLATT</hi>, Hyman (43, boot clicker)</persName>; found guilty at November session (see page 60) of various Bankruptcy offences, came up for judgment.</p>
<p>Mr. R. D. Muir and Mr. R. F. Graham-Campbell appeared for the prosecution. Mr. Charles Mathews for prisoner.</p>
<p>It was stated that prisoner had handed over £122 10s. to the trustee of his estate.</p>
<p>Sentence, Seven months' hard labour (from November 19).</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070108-10">
<interp inst="t19070108-10" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070108"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-10" type="date" value="19070108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070108-10-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-19070108 t19070108-10-offence-1 t19070108-10-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070108-10-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-10-19070108 t19070108-10-offence-1 t19070108-10-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-10-19070108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-10-19070108" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19070108" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19070108" type="surname" value="CASEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19070108" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19070108" type="occupation" value="factory worker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CASEY</hi>, Annie (23, factory worker)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-10-19070108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-10-19070108" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-10-19070108" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def2-10-19070108" type="surname" value="CAREY"/>
<interp inst="def2-10-19070108" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<interp inst="def2-10-19070108" type="occupation" value="laundress"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CAREY</hi>, Mary Ann (20, laundress)</persName>
<rs id="t19070108-10-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-10-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-10-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>; uttering counterfeit coin twice on same day, well know
<lb/>ing the same to be counterfeit, and unlawfully possessing counterfeit coin, knowing same to be counterfeit, and with intent to utter the same.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Beaumont Morice prosecuted. Mr. Burnie defended Casey.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-25" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-25" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-25" type="surname" value="CUNNINGHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-25" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE CUNNINGHAM</persName> </hi>, assistant to Ada Tharpe, draper, Church Street, Greenwich. On December 7, 1906, at 5.45 p.m., Casey came to our shop and bought a penny box of hairpins and tendered a two shilling piece (produced) in payment. I sounded the coin on the counter; it sounded very well; but I thought it was light and asked her whether she did not think so, and she said, "Yes." I had the change ready to give her, but said I would make sure, and fetched Colerick, another assistant in the next shop. He then dealt with the matter.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Burnie. Casey said she had got it from a friend outside. I did not see the friend.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-26" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-26" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-26" type="surname" value="COLERICK"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-26" type="given" value="PERCY"/>PERCY COLERICK</persName> </hi>, assistant to Ada Tharpe, draper, Church Street, Greenwich. At 6 p.m. on December 7 the last witness called me to see Casey and handed me the counterfeit two shilling piece produced. I said, "It is a bad one." Casey said, "Is it!" I said, "Yes," and I cut the milled edge round the side to show her. Casey said she would get a penny. She then left the shop, went as far as St. Alphage Church, and then joined another woman, whom I do not identify; they proceeded as far as James's dairy, and Casey then went into that shop, the other woman waiting outside. Casey came out; I went into the dairy and then fetched a constable.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Burnie. I have no doubt the other woman was Carey, but I did not see her face. I was standing on the other side of the road. The other woman remained two shops from the dairy.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-27" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-27" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-27" type="surname" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-27" type="given" value="CATHERINE"/>CATHERINE BAILEY</persName> </hi>, assistant to Ernest James, dairyman, London Street, Greenwich. On December 7, at 6 p.m., Casey came into my shop and asked for a penny packet of tea, giving me a two shilling piece. I said, "Have not you a penny?" She said, "Wait a minute, I will ask my friend." She went outside and returned with a sixpence, for which I gave her a penny packet of tea (produced) and fivepence change.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-28" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-28" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-28" type="surname" value="GUERNSEY"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-28" type="given" value="MABEL"/>MABEL GUERNSEY</persName> </hi>, assistant to her father, draper, 7, South Street, Greenwich. On December 7, at about 6 p.m., prisoner Casey came into my shop, asked for a pennyworth of hairpins and offered in payment two shilling piece (produced), which I put in the till. She then bought a hair slide, which I gave her with the change.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080013"/>
<p>While I was serving her Carey came in, and my sister served her with a pennyworth of hairpins and a halfpenny thimble. They went out about the same time. I gave the two shilling piece to Inspector Trafford.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Carey. I did not hear you speak to Casey. My sister showed you some blouses, and I showed Casey some, but you did not speak to one another.</p>
<p>Inspector
<hi rend="smallCaps">EDWARD TRAFFORD</hi>, R Division. On December 7, at about 6.30 p.m., I saw Carey leaving the shop, 7, South Street, Greenwich, kept by Guernsey. In consequence of information received I kept watch on her. She walked into the centre of the road and got on the offside of a tramcar, putting the car between herself and the shop. As the car broke into a trot she ran by the side of it, and 50 to 70 yards down the road she bolted in front of the horses on to the pave
<lb/>ment. I then came up to her and said, "Wait a minute, I want you." She dropped a coin on the pavement, which I picked up, and pointed out to her that the milled edge had been cut away. It was the coun
<lb/>terfeit florin (produced). I said, "Why did you throw this away?" She said, "I do not care—I dropped it." I then took her back to 7, South Street. On the way she said, "I bought some hairpins and a thimble, and gave them a penny." At the shop Miss Guernsey said that Carey had paid for the things with a shilling, which she pro
<lb/>duced, and which was a good coin. Miss Guernsey then handed me a bad florin, and I took Carey to the station. On the way Carey put her hand into the pocket (produced), which was tied round her waist under her dress. I said, "What have you got there?" She said, "1s. and a penny," which I took from her and which were good coins. At the station she unfastened the pocket and handed it to me. Therein I found a counterfeit florin, two good shillings, 12 good sixpences, 11d. in bronze, three small packets of tea, two packets of hairpins, a handkerchief wrapped round some loose hairpins, a thimble, and a comb. Casey was then brought in, placed amongst five or six other women, and identified by the witnesses Bailey and Guernsey. Casey said, "That is right." The prisoners were charged, and made no reply. Carey was subsequently searched.</p>
<p>Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS STEPHENS</hi>, 109 R. On December 7, at 6.20 p.m., I kept observation upon 7, South Street, and saw Casey leave the shop, cross the road, and enter the bar of the "Prince of Orange" public-house, apparently looking for somebody. She then walked quickly into Greenwich Railway Station and into the ladies' lavatory, where she stayed some time, and then went into the ladies' waiting room. I saw her standing in front of the fire, and said, "You answer the description of a woman who with another has been trying to pass counterfeit two shilling pieces. I shall take you into custody." She replied, "Yes, I changed a two shilling piece at a draper's and bought this," producing the hair slide (produced). I took her to the station, she was charged, and made no reply.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080014"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-29" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-29" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-29" type="surname" value="CANVIN"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-29" type="given" value="CARL FREDERICK"/>CARL FREDERICK CANVIN</persName> </hi>, 328 R. On December 7, at 6.15 p.m., I saw Casey enter 7, South Street, Carey being outside. I then went into the shop, received two shilling piece (produced), and it was after
<lb/>wards handed to Trafford.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-30" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-30" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-30" type="surname" value="FOXLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-30" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN FOXLEY</persName> </hi>, matron, Greenwich Police Station. On De
<lb/>cember 7, at 7.30 p.m., I searched Carey and found two bad florins (produced) in her hair. I searched Casey and found nothing on her.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-31" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-31" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-31" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-31" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>, Inspector of Counterfeit Coins at H.M. Mint. The five florins produced are all counterfeit, and of the same date.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-32" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-32" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-32" type="surname" value="CAREY"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-32" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN CAREY</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I am an unfortunate. The two shilling pieces were given me by a man I had been with. I did not know they were bad. He gave me eight. I and Casey were together when the man gave them to me. I have never had such things before.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Burnie. The man gave me the coins in a public-house. Casey was there. That is after I had been with the man.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Morice. Casey and I were together in the afternoon. The man gave the coins to me at about a quarter to five. They were all given to me because I had been with this man. He paid for drinks for Casey and me. I put them in a pocket tied round my waist. I then had a comb, some hairpins, and a pocket handkerchief in the pocket. When the inspector cams to me I had two in my hand, and this one that was out, and I dropped it because I was frightened. When the policeman caught hold of me I put the two coins in my hair because I was frightened. One of the florins was changed at Guernsey's, and another at a coffee shop where Casey and I had tea. I was outside when Casey went into the shop. We did not know they were bad until the man cut the coin, and then we did not believe it, because they looked so good. Casey went into James's dairy for a penny packet of tea with a two shilling piece which I gave her. They had not change and I gave her sixpence. [To the Judge.] The man gave me no other money but the eight florins. I had about 13s. 6d. in my pocket before I went with the man. I went also to one or two other shop and bought penny packets of tea with florins, and to a sweet shop where I bought 2 1/2 d. worth of chocolate for Casey with a florin. We were to have half each of what the man gave us. I changed my own half-crown at the coffee shop.</p>
<p>Verdict, both
<rs id="t19070108-10-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-10-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-10-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>guilty</rs>; the jury think Casey was acting under the influence of the other prisoner.</p>
<p>Evidence was given that Carey had been convicted in the name of Mary Ann Murphy for stealing five pairs of stockings and bound over; and for stealing a skirt from a shop and sentenced to six</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080015"/>
<p>weeks' imprisonment, in the name of Mary Murphy. She had been cohabiting with William Hathaway, who had received 18 months for coining.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19070108-10-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-10-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-10-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-19070108 t19070108-10-punishment-8"/>Casey bound over in £10 to come up for judgment on March 18</rs>, the Court missionary undertaking to send a report at to her conduct; Carey,
<rs id="t19070108-10-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-10-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-10-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-10-19070108 t19070108-10-punishment-9"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>; Wednesday, January 9.</p>
<p>(Before the Recorder.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070108-11">
<interp inst="t19070108-11" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070108"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-11" type="date" value="19070108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070108-11-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-19070108 t19070108-11-offence-1 t19070108-11-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-11-19070108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-11-19070108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19070108" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19070108" type="surname" value="JOEL"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19070108" type="given" value="MAURICE"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19070108" type="occupation" value="porter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOEL</hi>, Maurice (22, porter)</persName>
<rs id="t19070108-11-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-11-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-11-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>; stealing a post letter containing a match-box, the property of the
<persName id="t19070108-name-34" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-34" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070108-11-offence-1 t19070108-name-34"/>Postmaster-General</persName>, he being em
<lb/>ployed under the Post Office.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Forster Boulton, M.P., prosecuted; Mr. C. S. Green defended.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-35" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-35" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-35" type="surname" value="TAPPER"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-35" type="given" value="ELSIE"/>ELSIE TAPPER</persName> </hi>, housemaid to Dr. Newbold, Child Oakford, Bland
<lb/>ford, Dorset. I bought the metal match-box (produced) at Westcotts, 5, Market Place, Blandford, on December 19,1906, for 3s., in a card
<lb/>board box packed in red wadding, and directed it to Walter Ord, a private soldier at Gibraltar, with brown paper wrapped round it. I recognise the match-box and the fragments of the box and the brown paper wrapping (produced), which contain my writing on both. It was tied with string, and had the label (produced) attached to it, and I delivered same to Davies, gardener to Dr. Newbold, to be posted.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I saw the part of the box and the label on De
<lb/>cember 24, and the metal match-box yesterday when I came to London. It was empty when sent off. I chose it at Westcotts from a number of other match-boxes of similar design—the others were not quite the tame. The one I sent was exactly like that (produced)—I recognise it by the leaves on it. I had never bought any other match-boxes.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-36" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-36" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-36" type="surname" value="DAVIES"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-36" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES DAVIES</persName> </hi>, gardener to Dr. Newbold. The last witness save me a postal packet done up in brown paper on December 19, 1906, which I posted a little before six p.m., the post leaving at six p.m.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-37" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-37" type="surname" value="WALDON"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-37" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WALDON</persName> </hi>, inspector, Foreign Section, G.P.O. Prisoner was employed as auxiliary porter generally in the collection of corre
<lb/>spondence already sorted at St. Martin's-le-Grand, and on Decem
<lb/>ber 20 came on duty at 4.30 a.m. A letter posted at Blandford be
<lb/>fore six p.m. would generally reach the General Post Office between five and 5.30 a.m. the next day. On that morning it arrived at 4.54 a.m. I was watching the prisoner, and at seven a.m. saw him throw the parcel tab or label (produced) down on to the table. I was about four yards from him. I picked it up. The postmark and date are not legible. If a broken parcel comes into the office it is the duty of the official who finds it to put it in a box specially provided for the purpose.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080016"/>
<p>Cross-examined. I was in the same department as the prisoner all the morning and was known as the inspector of the persons en
<lb/>gaged there. There were a large number of people engaged. There are a large number of broken packages at Christmas time, and occa
<lb/>sionally they fall on the floor, and it would not be unusual for person there to pick up papers or loose boxes. It would be their duty to put them in a receptacle provided for that purpose. If prisoner found a matchbox without an address it would be his duty to report it to the officer in charge of the room, who, on that occasion, would be my
<lb/>self. That would be known to any permanent official. Prisoner was a casual employee over Christmas time. Prisoner deliberately threw the label on the table. If he had put it in the receptacle provided it would also have excited my suspicion under the circumstances. I did not notice wool (protruding from his pocket. I was present when prisoner was brought before the superintendent, Mr. Kane, to whom I reported the occurrence.</p>
<p>Re-examined. From the time I saw the label thrown down until prisoner was brought before Kane—which was about an hour—he was kept under observation; he still went on with his work.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-38" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-38" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-38" type="surname" value="KANE"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-38" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD KANE</persName> </hi>, superintendent Foreign Section, G.P.O. On De
<lb/>cember 20, 1906, Waldon made a report to me. I went at once to prisoner and asked him if he would mind turning out his pockets He said he would do so, and took out various articles, including pieces of a cardboard box, some of which are before me, a piece of brown paper directed and stamped as it now is, and a piece of pink wadding. He did not produce the metal match-box. The tab had been given to me by Waldon. I said to prisoner, "How did you obtain possession of these articles?" He said, "I picked them up from the floor." I asked him if he knew anything of the contents, and he said he did not. I then sent for a police officer. Prisoner said, "Don't; don't; I shall be turned away from home." The constable afterwards searched him.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Packets at times get broken and get on to the floor—at Christmas time there would naturally be more than at other times. Packets are sometimes opened to see if they are properly stamped and then refastened. It would not be the prisoner's duty to do that. I did not see the cotton wool protruding from prisoner's picket. His being employed by the Post Office should be evidence of good character.</p>
<p>Police-Constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN VAUGHAN</hi>, Metropolitan, attached to the G.P.O. On December 20, 1906, in consequence of information re
<lb/>ceived, I saw the prisoner in the Foreign Section Sorting Office, and asked him to accompany me to the Secretary's office, which he did, and I then asked him to turn out his pockets. He produced a cigarette case and a match-box (produced). I asked him if he had any ex
<lb/>planation to give how he got those articles. He said, "I bought the cigarette case off a fellow in Hackney. I do not know his name or address. I bought the match-box of the same fellow about three weeks</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080017"/>
<p>ago. I could recognise the fellow." Prisoner was then taken to Cannon Row Police Station, formally charged, and made no reply The match-box was in the same condition at it is now, with pine-wood vestas in it.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner came to the Post Office with a good character; he had been in the Devonshire Regiment, and his dis
<lb/>charge is marked, "Character very good." I have made inquiries, and find he has been occasionally employed by a firm of good stand
<lb/>ing.</p>
<p>Prisoner's statement at police court: "I plead guilty to taking the packet, with no contents. I have no witnesses to call here."</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-39" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-39" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-39" type="surname" value="JOEL"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-39" type="given" value="MAURICE"/>MAURICE JOEL</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I am 22 years of age. I have been in the Devonshire Regiment, and am transferred to the Reserve. In November, 1906, I entered the service of the Post Office as auxiliary porter. On December 20 I went on duty at 4.30 a.m., and at seven a.m. was spoken to by Mr. Kane when I produced the box not broken, the brown paper and wadding (produced). One of the officials crushed the box in his hand. I got them off the floor. I wanted them for the pink wadding. I had a carbuncle on my neck, and I wanted the wadding to dress it with, Kane said, "Will you turn out your picket?"—he did say what pocket. I turned out my jacket pocket; that is all he asked for. I did not produce the match-box—Kane did not stop for that; I was not asked to turn all my pockets out. I got the cigarette case from a fellow in Hackney, about six weeks ago in the street—a personal friend. I do not know his name or where he lives—he is not exactly a personal friend—an occasional friend. I had known him about a twelvemonth, I might see him one week, and then not see him for three or four months. I was introduced to him. I got the match-box off the same fellow at the same time for 8d. He was out of work at the same. He asked me for a cigarette, and then told me he was out of work. I said, "I have just finished work myself," and he said, "I suppose you have got some money? Will you buy these things?" I filled the match-box the day previous to my arrest.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I could not say who broke the cardboard box; there were four or five officials round me in the sorting office. When I first saw it one side was sticking out where the wadding was coming out of the parcel. I was going to take the wadding out. I never had time to dress my carbuncle. I am positive the match-box was not wrapped up in the waddling. I found it about 7 a.m.</p>
<p>The jury retired at 12.50, and returned into court at 2.15, when the foreman stated that there was absolute divergence, as one member of the jury held that he could not convict on circumstantial evidence.</p>
<p>The Recorder said he should always respect the conscientious feel
<lb/>ings of any juryman, but if a juryman could not convict upon circum
<lb/>stantial</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080018"/>
<p>evidence, however strong, the better way would be to relieve him from further attendance upon a jury. The jury were then dis
<lb/>charged; prisoner to be tried again.</p>
<p>(Saturday, January 12.)</p>
<p>The case was again tried before the Common Serjeant. Precisely identical evidence was given, and prisoner was found
<rs id="t19070108-11-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-11-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-11-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>. Sen
<lb/>tence,
<rs id="t19070108-11-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-11-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-11-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-19070108 t19070108-11-punishment-10"/>Three months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070108-12">
<interp inst="t19070108-12" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070108"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-12" type="date" value="19070108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070108-12-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-19070108 t19070108-12-offence-1 t19070108-12-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-12-19070108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-12-19070108" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19070108" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19070108" type="surname" value="PAISLOW"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19070108" type="given" value="JANE"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19070108" type="occupation" value="waitress"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PAISLOW</hi>, Jane (34, waitress)</persName>
<rs id="t19070108-12-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-12-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-12-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> </rs>
<rs id="t19070108-12-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-12-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-12-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>; pleaded guilty to having been entrusted with certain property, to wit, the sum of 16s. 0 1/2 d., in order that she might deliver the same to
<persName id="t19070108-name-41" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-41" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-41" type="surname" value="REES"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-41" type="given" value="RACHEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070108-12-offence-1 t19070108-name-41"/>Rachel Rees</persName>, did fraudulently con
<lb/>vert the said moneys to her own use and benefit</rs>. Sentence,
<rs id="t19070108-12-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-12-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-12-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-19070108 t19070108-12-punishment-11"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070108-13">
<interp inst="t19070108-13" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070108"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-13" type="date" value="19070108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070108-13-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-19070108 t19070108-13-offence-1 t19070108-13-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-13-19070108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-13-19070108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19070108" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19070108" type="surname" value="BRAZELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19070108" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19070108" type="occupation" value="grocer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BRAZELL</hi>, Charles (21, grocer)</persName>
<rs id="t19070108-13-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-13-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-13-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>; pleaded guilty to forging and uttering an endorsement on an order for the payment of £3 11s., with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">MUIR</hi> stated that the prisoner had borne a very good character as a grocer's assistant in Glasgow, and as a ship's steward, and was a friend of the prosecutor, from whom he had taken this money, and that it was an isolated case of stealing when he was ap
<lb/>parently very hard up.
<rs id="t19070108-13-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-13-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-13-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> </rs>
<rs id="t19070108-13-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-13-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-13-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-19070108 t19070108-13-punishment-12"/>Judgment respited till next Sessions</rs>. Court missionary to report to the Court.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070108-14">
<interp inst="t19070108-14" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070108"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-14" type="date" value="19070108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070108-14-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-19070108 t19070108-14-offence-1 t19070108-14-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-14-19070108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-14-19070108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19070108" type="age" value="62"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19070108" type="surname" value="CARTWRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19070108" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19070108" type="occupation" value="joiner"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CARTWRIGHT</hi>, George (62, joiner)</persName>
<rs id="t19070108-14-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-14-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-14-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> </rs>
<rs id="t19070108-14-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-14-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-14-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>; pleaded guilty to obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t19070108-name-44" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-44" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-44" type="surname" value="PARKINSON"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-44" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070108-14-offence-1 t19070108-name-44"/>Annie Parkinson</persName> and
<persName id="t19070108-name-45" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-45" type="surname" value="PARKINSON"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-45" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070108-14-offence-1 t19070108-name-45"/>Arthur Parkinson</persName> the sum of 12s., with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Sydney E. Williams prosecuted.</p>
<p>Prisoner pleaded guilty to having been convicted of obtaining money by false pretences at Westminster on October 20, 1900, when he re
<lb/>ceived five years' penal servitude. At that time a number of convic
<lb/>tions were proved: In 1887, three months for stealing money; in 1888, six months for fraud; in 1889, stealing, 15 months; 1891, 18 months for fraud; 1893, stealing money, 19 months and two years' police supervision; and in 1896, at the Central Criminal Court, nine months for fraud. Sentence,
<rs id="t19070108-14-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-14-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-14-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-19070108 t19070108-14-punishment-13"/>Five years' penal servitude</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070108-15">
<interp inst="t19070108-15" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070108"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-15" type="date" value="19070108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070108-15-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19070108 t19070108-15-offence-1 t19070108-15-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-15-19070108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-15-19070108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19070108" type="age" value="45"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19070108" type="surname" value="ORPHOOT"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19070108" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19070108" type="occupation" value="gardener"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ORPHOOT</hi>, George (45, gardener)</persName>
<rs id="t19070108-15-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-15-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-15-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>; maliciously wounding
<persName id="t19070108-name-47" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-47" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-47" type="surname" value="COX"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-47" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070108-15-offence-1 t19070108-name-47"/>Thomas Cox</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. J. H. B. Fletcher prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS</hi> Cox, labourer, Commercial Street, E. On December 19 I was going through Fleur de Lis Court, Fatter Lane, when I met the prisoner. I had never seen him before. He was standing up with a parcel by his side and he asked me for a piece off string. As I was searching my pocket he knocked me down with some sharp in
<lb/>strument. I did not see what it was. I lay there some time and lost a lot of blood and sent a lad after the prisoner. At the station</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080019"/>
<p>I was shown a number of knives, one of which I picked out. I was taken to the hospital, had my wound dressed, and have, until to-day, been at the infirmary. The prisoner is the man who struck me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-48" type="surname" value="TRAPNELL"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-48" type="given" value="FRANCIS CYRIL"/>FRANCIS CYRIL TRAPNELL</persName> </hi>, M.R.C.S., House Surgeon at St. Bartho
<lb/>lomew's Hospital. Prosecutor was brought in to the hospital on December 19, at 12.15 p.m. He had a lacerated wound over and on the outer side of the left eye 3/4 in. wide, and extending between the skin and bone for 1 1/2 in. The wound was dressed and after being ktpt under observation for about an hour he was allowed to leave. I examined him at the Mansion House on January 4, and the wound is doing well.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-49" type="surname" value="TURNER"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-49" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE TURNER</persName> </hi>, 271, City Police. On December 19, on informa
<lb/>tion received, I arrested the prisoner and took trim to Bridewell Police Station, where he was detained until the arrival of the prose
<lb/>cutor from the hospital, when he was placed among twelve other men and picked out by the prosecutor and also by the boy Ives. While prisoner was detained sitting in the corner I heard something drop, which I picked up, and which is the knife produced. It had blood
<lb/>stains on it and still has. He was then charged and made no reply. He was subsequently searched and another knife was found in his possession.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-50" type="surname" value="IVES"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-50" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK IVES</persName> </hi>, messenger boy, in the employment of Messrs. Wyman and Sons, Fetter Lane. On December 19 I saw prosecutor in Fleur de Lis Court bleeding on the left temple. Prosecutor de
<lb/>scribed the man who had struck him and I went to look and saw the prisoner, whom I had seen the same morning in Robin Hood Court. I afterwards identified him at the station.</p>
<p>Dr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">SCOTT</hi>, Medical Officer at Brixton Prison. I have had prisoner under observation since December 30 and consider him to be insane. I do not think he understands the seriousness of the offence; he is incapable of appreciating the nature or quality of the act or of knowing or understanding that it is wrong. I have learned that he has twice been confined in Morningside Asylum, Edinburgh.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19070108-15-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-15-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-15-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="insane"/>Guilty, but insane at the time.</rs> </p>
<p>Detective
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM HARRISON</hi> stated that the prisoner's father was a sergeant major in the Army and was for many years after receiving his pension keeper of the Crown Room, at Edinburgh Castle. Pri
<lb/>soner had been in the Morningside Asylum, Edinburgh, from January 7. 1899. till November 24, 1900, when he escaped. He was again confined there from March 17, 1901, until October 17, 1904. when he again escaped. There were 15 convictions against him in Edinburgh for accumulating filth and similar offences.</p>
<p>Prisoner was ordered to be
<rs id="t19070108-15-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-15-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-15-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="insanity"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19070108 t19070108-15-punishment-14"/>detained during His Majesty's pleasure</rs>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>; Wednesday, January 9.</p>
<p>(Before the Common Serjeant.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070108-16">
<interp inst="t19070108-16" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070108"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-16" type="date" value="19070108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070108-16-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-19070108 t19070108-16-offence-1 t19070108-16-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-16-19070108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-16-19070108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19070108" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19070108" type="surname" value="JUDKINS"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19070108" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19070108" type="occupation" value="fishmonger"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUDKINS</hi>. Henry (18, fishmonger)</persName>
<rs id="t19070108-16-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-16-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-16-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> </rs>
<rs id="t19070108-16-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-16-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-16-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>; pleaded guilty to stealing a watch, the property of
<persName id="t19070108-name-52" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-52" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-52" type="given" value="LANCELOT ARTHUR"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070108-16-offence-1 t19070108-name-52"/>Lancelot Arthur Brown</persName>, from his person. He</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080020"/>
<p>also confessed to a conviction of felony on August 29, 1906, at the Clerkenwell Police Court, in the name of Thomas Smith. Sentence,
<rs id="t19070108-16-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-16-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-16-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-19070108 t19070108-16-punishment-15"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070108-17">
<interp inst="t19070108-17" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070108"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-17" type="date" value="19070108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070108-17-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-19070108 t19070108-17-offence-1 t19070108-17-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070108-17-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-17-19070108 t19070108-17-offence-1 t19070108-17-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-17-19070108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-17-19070108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19070108" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19070108" type="surname" value="BURNS"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19070108" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19070108" type="occupation" value="porter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BURNS</hi>, John (22, porter)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-17-19070108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-17-19070108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-17-19070108" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def2-17-19070108" type="surname" value="TYSON"/>
<interp inst="def2-17-19070108" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def2-17-19070108" type="occupation" value="cook"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">TYSON</hi>, William (22, cook)</persName>
<rs id="t19070108-17-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-17-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-17-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>; uttering counterfeit coin twice on same day, well knowing the same to be counterfeit, and unlawfully possessing counterfeit coin knowing same to be counterfeit and with intent to utter the same.</rs> Tyson pleaded
<rs id="t19070108-17-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-17-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-17-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Mr. Wilkinson prosecuted.</p>
<p>Detective
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOSEPH BURGESS</hi>, City Police. On December 20 last I was in Liverpool Street about 6.30 p.m. and saw the two prisoners. I kept observation on them and followed them to Houndsditch first, where they flopped at the corner of Duke Street; there Burns took something from his jacket pocket and handed it to Tyson, who went into a small restaurant in Duke Street. Stopping there for a second or so, he came out and then joined Burns again. They went to the top of Houndsditch by Aldgate, where Burns again handed Tyson something from his right-hand jacket pocket. Tyson then left Burnt and went into another small restaurant in Houndsditch and stopped there for a second or two, then came out and joined Burns again. They then crossed over into the Minories. Walking down there for a short distance they stopped. Burns again handed Tyson something from his right-hand jacket pocket. Tyson then went into another restaurant, stopped a second, came out and joined Burns again. They then crossed to the corner of George Street, Minories, when Tyson left Burns and went into No. 7, George Street. Minories, kept by Annie Loomes, a small general shop. He stayed there a short time, came out again, and joined Burns. They then walked down the Minories to No. 13, King Street, by Tower Hill, where Burns again handed Tyson something. Tyson then went into No. 13, King Street, a small paper shop occupied by Charlotte Atkinson. I went up to the entrance of the shop and saw Tyson handed something that looked like a silver coin to Charlotte Atkinson, and ask for a penny packet of cigarettes. He received the cigarettes and fivepence in change, and was about to leave the shop when I stopped him and asked him what it was he had tendered for (the penny packet of cigarettes. He said, "A sixpenny piece." I said to Charlotte Atkinson, "Let me see that coin." She had it in her hand and handed it to me. This is it (produced). I said to her, "This is not a good coin; do you know that?" I said to Tyson, "Do you know this is a bad or counterfeit coin?" He said, "No. I had it given to me in change by a bus conductor for my fare." I told I was not satisfied with his state
<lb/>ment, and asked him if he had any more than that. He said, "No" asked him where his companion was. He said he had no one with him. Then I told him he would have to remain in the shop while I went outside and got his friend. I left Tyson in the shop, being watched, and went to Burns, who was 200 or 300 yards away, walk-in</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080021"/>
<p>up and down. I told him I was a police officer, and asked him where his friend was. He said, "I have no one with me, you have made a mistake." I told him I had has friend in a shop close by, and that he would have to accompany me to the shop alto. He went back with me. On arriving at the shop I said to Burns, "This is your friend." He made no reply, nor did Tyson. I then said to Burns, "This man has passed a counterfeit, otherwise a bad, coin here, representing a sixpenny piece, and I believe you"—meaning Burns—"to be in possession of some more." I then searched his pockets, and in his right-hand jacket pocket I found these five other coins similar to the coin that had been passed. These were also loose in his right-hand jacket pocket. I then asked him if he had any more. He said, "No." With assistance I took them to the police station. There Burns was searched again, and on him we found these two files loose in his pocket, a piece of emery paper, some acid calle I stannous chloride, used for giving copper or copper coins a bright facing, and another of these coins wrapped up in paper. On Tyson wo found this one file and one piece of emery paper; no other coins were found upon Tyson. They were charged, but made no answer and refused to give any account of themselves.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Burns. I did not see you go into any of the shops, but I saw you in Tyson's company the whole time I kept ob servation upon you.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-55" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-55" type="surname" value="LOOMES"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-55" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE LOOMES</persName> </hi>., wife of Frederick Loomes, 7, George Street, Minories. I keep a general shop. On December 20 last Tyson came in about 6.30 and asked for a penny packet of tea I served him, and he tendered what I thought was a sixpence. I looked at it, but did not like the look of it; it looked funny. I said to him, "I don't think this is a sixpence." He said, "It's all right." I rubbed it between my fingers, and also with brickdust. I told him it came a different colour. I said, "This is not a sixpence, I don't think," and asked for the tea back again. He returned it, and I gave him the coin back again. He said, "Oh, I have been done. I got it from a conductor." I said, "You had better find the conductor and give it back to him again, I don't want it" He went away. Boon after the last witness came in and I went to the police station. I saw Tyson there and some more coins. I picked out the coin which had been tendered to me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-56" type="surname" value="ATKINSON"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-56" type="given" value="HAROLD EDGAR"/>HAROLD EDGAR ATKINSON</persName> </hi>. 13, King Street, Tower Hill. I am em
<lb/>ployed by my aunt, Charlotte Atkinson, who keeps a newspaper shop. I was in the shop With her on the night of December 20 last, and saw Tyson come in. He asked for a packet of Woodbine cigarettes, price one penny. He was served with them. He tendered in payment a silver coin, and was given fivepence change. He was about to leave and my aunt was going to put the coin in the till when Detective Burgess came in and asked her to show him the coin. She had it in her hand and gave it to him. He asked her to take back her cigarettes and change, which she did. Tyson said he had it given</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080022"/>
<p>in change on a tramcar, and that he was a ship's cook. Burgess took the coin. Burns was afterwards brought in.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-57" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-57" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>, Inspector of Counterfeit Coins at H.M. Mint. These coins are farthings of the late Queen that have been filed down on the reverse, the side on which "one farthing" is marked, to give them the appearance of worn sixpences. I take it the idea was 'no tender them the head side up; then they are silvered to give them the appearance of sixpences. They are all treated in the same way. They have been reduced in size, as a farthing is larger than a sixpence. I have seen the stannous chloride (produced), which is chloride of tin, used to whiten these things. One of the filed coins has copper filings in its teeth.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-58" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-58" type="surname" value="BURNS"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-58" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN BURNS</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath). I was in possession of the coins. I first met Tyson that afternoon. I had not seen him lor two years. We had a cup of tea together, and I was going to my lodgings in Tooley Street; he came along with me. On the way he said he was going to buy some cigarettes. He went to buy them, and asked me to mind his file and the other two packets, one with coins in and the other with the acid in. I found out afterwards they were, coins. That is how I came to have them.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Wilkinson. I first met Tyson about two o'clock. I spent the time between two and six in his company in the City. He asked me to mind his files as he had very little pockets and mine were bigger. He went into two or three shop. In each case I waited for him outside. I did not hand him anything before he went into the shops.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19070108-17-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-17-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-17-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Tyson pleaded guilty to an indictment charging him with on De
<lb/>cember 12. 1906, feloniously breaking into the shop of Norman Par
<lb/>sons and another, and stealing and receiving therein four pairs of opera glasses, their property. He also confessed to a conviction of felony at this Court on November 13, 1905. A number of convic
<lb/>tions were proved against both prisoners.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19070108-17-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-17-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-17-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-19070108 t19070108-17-punishment-16"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-17-19070108 t19070108-17-punishment-16"/>Five years' penal servitude each</rs>. Detective Burgess was commended by the Court.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070108-18">
<interp inst="t19070108-18" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070108"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-18" type="date" value="19070108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070108-18-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-19070108 t19070108-18-offence-1 t19070108-18-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070108-18-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-18-19070108 t19070108-18-offence-1 t19070108-18-verdict-2"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-18-19070108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-18-19070108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19070108" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19070108" type="surname" value="DANN"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19070108" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19070108" type="occupation" value="horsekeeper"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DANN</hi>, William (42. horsekeeper)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-18-19070108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-18-19070108" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-18-19070108" type="surname" value="DANN"/>
<interp inst="def2-18-19070108" type="given" value="ADELAIDE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DANN</hi>, Adelaide</persName>;
<rs id="t19070108-18-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-18-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-18-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>felo
<lb/>niously making counterfeit coin, unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin twice within 10 days well knowing the same to be counterfeit, and unlawfully possessing counterfeit coin knowing the same to be coun
<lb/>terfeit, with intent to utter the same</rs>. William Dann
<rs id="t19070108-18-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-18-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-18-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Mr. Wilkinson prosecuted.</p>
<p>(During the opening statement the Common Serjeant said that as Adelaide Dann was the wife of the other prisoner, and had acted with him, and as the law stated that a wife could not be responsible if</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080023"/>
<p>soling under the husband's control, the prosecution against her must fail, end directed the jury to return a verdict of
<rs id="t19070108-18-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-18-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-18-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="directed"/>Not guilty</rs> against her, which they did.)</p>
<p>Several summary convictions were proved against William Denn. Sentence,
<rs id="t19070108-18-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-18-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-18-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-19070108 t19070108-18-punishment-17"/>18 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070108-19">
<interp inst="t19070108-19" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070108"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-19" type="date" value="19070108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070108-19-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-19-19070108 t19070108-19-offence-1 t19070108-19-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-19-19070108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-19-19070108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19070108" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19070108" type="surname" value="GOLDBERG"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19070108" type="given" value="MANUEL"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19070108" type="occupation" value="stickmaker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GOLDBERG</hi>, Manuel (23, stickmaker)</persName>
<rs id="t19070108-19-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-19-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-19-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>; uttering counterfeit coin, well knowing the same to be counterfeit.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Wilkinson prosecuted; Mr. Burnie defended.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-62" type="surname" value="VALLERS"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-62" type="given" value="LOUISE"/>LOUISE VALLERS</persName> </hi>, wife of Henry Vallers, 129, Whitechapel Road, E. We keep a Bioscope Exhibition. I was there on the evening of December 22 last, between five and six, when prisoner came in on see the exhibition. The charge for admission was one penny. He tendered a half-crown. The people pay at the door as they enter. This is the coin marked by myself. I took it and gave him two separate shillings and fivepence change. He said to me, "Are there no tickets?" I said, "No," and he went to the door again and beckoned to another man to come in. The other man came up, and he also gave me a half-crown for his admission, for which I gave him two and fivepence change. This is the one. I looked at them, being two half-crowns looked suspicious. I tested both of them with acid, and found they were bad. The second-man kept by the doorway, but the prisoner walked right to the end of the shop and sat down and waited for the exhibition. When the second man noticed that I saw the coins were no good, he took to his heels and ran away. I then closed my shop door and sent for a constable. I went up to prisoner, and said, "This half-crown ie no good to me," and detained him till the other people in the shop had left. I gave him the coin back again. He simply said, "Not" and gave me a two shilling piece and ten halfpennies for his half-crown. A constable came in and I gave him in charge.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. There were about 10 people in the shop when the prisoner came in. Prisoner and the other man wart the two last to come in. I did not see a woman outside. Prisoner just beckoned to the man, he never said anything; they both came up to the shop together, but I did not know they were together till the prisoner beckoned the other one to come in. Whitechapel Road is a very busy thoroughfare with a very wide pavement. Prisoner went right away to his seat as soon as he came in. After the performance, I waited for the other people to go, and then said to prisoner, "I want you to stop in"; he had got up to go. I gave him the bad half-crown back.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I saw no woman outside; there were just a few children looking in the window.</p>
<p>Police-Constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">CHARLES GOLDING</hi>. 387 H. On December 22 last I was called to 129. Whitechapel Road, and found prisoner detained. I searched him, and found on him one counterfeit half-crown, seven</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080024"/>
<p>good shillngs, one sixpence, three threepenny pieces, and two shillings and three halfpence in bronze, all in halfpence, except one penny. All the coins were loose in his trousers pocket. I told him he was given into custody for uttering a counterfeit half-crown. He said, "All right, that is the only one I have got, I will come along with you." He was then taken to the police station, where the charge was read over to him by an interpreter. I produce the bad half-crown.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The bad half-crown was with the other money in his trousers pocket.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-63" type="surname" value="NIEGBURG"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-63" type="given" value="LOUIS"/>LOUIS NIEGBURG</persName> </hi>. I am an interpreter, and live at 60, Leman Street, Whitechapel. I attended at the Leman Street Police Station on December 22, and interpreted the charge to prisoner. He said, "Why did not the lady stop the other man as well aa me? I did not attempt to run away; immediately she stopped me I gave her back the two and fivepence." Before that he said, "I received my wages, and had several half-crowns"; that is all.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-64" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-64" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-64" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-64" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>, Inspector of Counterfeit Coins at H.M. Mint. Both these half-crowns are counterfeit and from the same mould.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-65" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-65" type="surname" value="VALLERS"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-65" type="given" value="LOUISE"/>LOUISE VALLERS</persName> </hi>, recalled. When I returned the half-crown to pri
<lb/>soner he gave me two separate shillings and five pennies.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-66" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-66" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-66" type="surname" value="GOLDBERG"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-66" type="given" value="MANUEL"/>MANUEL GOLDBERG</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I live at 7, Little Hollo way Street, Commercial Road. I came to England about two years ago, and worked as a ladies' tailor and then as a stickmaker. On December 21 I received my wages from Mr. Brown, who employs me; it was 13s., in five half-crowns and sixpence in coppers. The next afternoon I went to this Bioscope Exhibition with my sister. She was here all day yesterday; I do not know whether she is here to-day; she goes to work. I went into the shop and wanted my sister to come in, but she would not, and went away. I was not with any man, with nobody but my sister. I did not beckon to any man. I did not know I had the bad half-crown. As I got it unknown so I handed it to the prosecutrix unknown.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Wilkinson. I had other money in my pocket at the time; I do not know how much; but what I had in my pocket was not mine; it was tied up in a handkerchief. I only had a half-crown; the rest of the money was my sister's. I gave evidence at the police court. I said there I changed the half-crown. because my other money was tied up in a handkerchief. I mentioned there about my sister. As tihe policeman took the money out of my pocket, it came loose from the handkerchief. My sister went with me to the door of the shop. I went in and beckoned to her to come in, and then found she had gone. I did not say this at the police court, as I was not asked.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080025"/>
<p>Re-examined. I gave evidence at the police court through an in
<lb/>terpreter. My sister's name is Annie.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-67" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-67" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-67" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-67" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS GREEN</persName> </hi>, ladies' tailor, 53, Princes' Square, E.C. I have known prisoner two years, since he has been in England. He has worked for me. As far as I know, he has always borne the character of an honest and straightforward man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-68" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-68" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-68" type="surname" value="LAZARUS"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-68" type="given" value="BARNET"/>BARNET LAZARUS</persName> </hi>, ladies' tailor, 53, Princes' Square, E.C. I have known prisoner for two years. I have worked with him for the last witness. His general character has been that of an honest and straightforward man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-69" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-69" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-69" type="surname" value="TAFFLER"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-69" type="given" value="MARK"/>MARK TAFFLER</persName> </hi>, ladies' tailor, 23, Princes' Square, E.C. I have known prisoner two years. I have worked with him for 18 months. I have known htm to be a straightforward fellow. I was at the Court yesterday and saw prisoner's sister here. I have not seen her to-day. I have been looking for her.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19070108-19-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-19-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-19-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/> Not guilty</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070108-20">
<interp inst="t19070108-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070108"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-20" type="date" value="19070108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070108-20-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-19070108 t19070108-20-offence-1 t19070108-20-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-20-19070108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-20-19070108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19070108" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19070108" type="surname" value="MOODY"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19070108" type="given" value="CONRAD"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19070108" type="occupation" value="carman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MOODY</hi>. Conrad</persName>
<rs id="t19070108-20-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-20-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-20-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/> (carman, 16); carnally knowing
<persName id="t19070108-name-71" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-71" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-71" type="surname" value="STAINES"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-71" type="given" value="BEATRICE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070108-20-offence-1 t19070108-name-71"/>Beatrice Staines</persName>, a girl above the age of 13 and under the age of 16.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Purcell prosecuted; Mr. Boyd defended.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19070108-20-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-20-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-20-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>; Thursday, January 10.</p>
<p>(Before the Recorder.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070108-21">
<interp inst="t19070108-21" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070108"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-21" type="date" value="19070108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070108-21-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-19070108 t19070108-21-offence-1 t19070108-21-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-21-19070108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-21-19070108" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19070108" type="surname" value="WAGSTAFF"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19070108" type="given" value="DOROTHY JOSEPHINE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WAGSTAFF</hi>, Dorothy Josephine</persName>
<rs id="t19070108-21-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-21-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-21-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> </rs>
<rs id="t19070108-21-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-21-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-21-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>, pleaded guilty to feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19070108-name-73" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-73" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-73" type="surname" value="WAGSTAFF"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-73" type="given" value="JAMES POOLE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070108-21-offence-1 t19070108-name-73"/>James Poole Wagstaff</persName>, her husband being then alive.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Heddon prosecuted. Mr. Avory, K.C., and Mr. Somere James appeared for the prisoner.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19070108-21-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-21-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-21-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-19070108 t19070108-21-punishment-18"/>Three days' imprisonment</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070108-22">
<interp inst="t19070108-22" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070108"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-22" type="date" value="19070108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070108-22-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-19070108 t19070108-22-offence-1 t19070108-22-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-22-19070108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-22-19070108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19070108" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19070108" type="surname" value="MCGILL"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19070108" type="given" value="DUNCAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19070108" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MCGILL</hi>, Duncan (34, clerk)</persName>
<rs id="t19070108-22-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-22-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-22-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> </rs>
<rs id="t19070108-22-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-22-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-22-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, pleaded guilty to forging and utter
<lb/>ing an endorsement on an order for payment of £26 St., with intent to defraud.</rs> Sentence,
<rs id="t19070108-22-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-22-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-22-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-19070108 t19070108-22-punishment-19"/>Nine months' imprisonment in second division</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070108-23">
<interp inst="t19070108-23" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070108"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-23" type="date" value="19070108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070108-23-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-19070108 t19070108-23-offence-1 t19070108-23-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-23-19070108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-23-19070108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19070108" type="age" value="43"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19070108" type="surname" value="FYFE"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19070108" type="given" value="ANDREW"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19070108" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FYFE</hi>, Andrew (43, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19070108-23-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-23-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-23-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> </rs>
<rs id="t19070108-23-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-23-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-23-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, pleaded guilty to maliciously wounding
<persName id="t19070108-name-76" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-76" type="surname" value="SENTENCE"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-76" type="given" value="JOHN BENTON"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070108-23-offence-1 t19070108-name-76"/>John Benton</persName> </rs>. Sentence,
<rs id="t19070108-23-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-23-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-23-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-19070108 t19070108-23-punishment-20"/>Twelve months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070108-24">
<interp inst="t19070108-24" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070108"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-24" type="date" value="19070108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070108-24-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-24-19070108 t19070108-24-offence-1 t19070108-24-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-24-19070108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-24-19070108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19070108" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19070108" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19070108" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19070108" type="occupation" value="fitter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BROWN</hi>, Frederick (23, fitter)</persName>
<rs id="t19070108-24-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-24-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-24-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> </rs>
<rs id="t19070108-24-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-24-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-24-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, pleaded guilty to obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t19070108-name-78" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-78" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-78" type="surname" value="BEST"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-78" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070108-24-offence-1 t19070108-name-78"/>Louisa Best</persName> the several sums of 1s. 4d. and 1s. 3d., and from
<persName id="t19070108-name-79" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-79" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-79" type="surname" value="GRAVES"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-79" type="given" value="LENA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070108-24-offence-1 t19070108-name-79"/>Lena Graves</persName> 1s. 2d., in each case with intent to defraud.</rs> Sentence,
<rs id="t19070108-24-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-24-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-24-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-24-19070108 t19070108-24-punishment-21"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070108-25">
<interp inst="t19070108-25" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070108"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-25" type="date" value="19070108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070108-25-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-19070108 t19070108-25-offence-1 t19070108-25-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-25-19070108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-25-19070108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19070108" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19070108" type="surname" value="FREEMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19070108" type="given" value="ARTHUR OLIVER"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19070108" type="occupation" value="secretary"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREEMAN</hi>, Arthur Oliver (35, secretary)</persName>
<rs id="t19070108-25-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-25-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-25-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> </rs>
<rs id="t19070108-25-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-25-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-25-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, pleaded guilty to stealing the sum of £204 4s. 6d., the moneys of
<persName id="t19070108-name-81" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-81" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-81" type="surname" value="DEAN"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-81" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070108-25-offence-1 t19070108-name-81"/>John Dean</persName> and others, Trustees of the
<persName id="t19070108-name-82" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-82" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070108-25-offence-1 t19070108-name-82"/> United Kingdom (Benefit Society)</persName>, his masters. </rs>Sen
<lb/>tence,
<rs id="t19070108-25-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-25-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-25-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-19070108 t19070108-25-punishment-22"/>Eighteen months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070108-26">
<interp inst="t19070108-26" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070108"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-26" type="date" value="19070108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070108-26-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-19070108 t19070108-26-offence-1 t19070108-26-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080026"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-26-19070108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-26-19070108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19070108" type="age" value="43"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19070108" type="surname" value="CHAPMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19070108" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19070108" type="occupation" value="tailor"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHAPMAN</hi>, Frederick (43, tailor)</persName>
<rs id="t19070108-26-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-26-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-26-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>; stealing a horse, trap, and a set of harness, the goods of
<persName id="t19070108-name-84" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-84" type="surname" value="FITCH"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-84" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070108-26-offence-1 t19070108-name-84"/>William Fitch</persName>, and feloniously receiving same.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Todd prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-85" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-85" type="surname" value="FITCH"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-85" type="given" value="WM"/>WM. FITCH</persName> </hi>, 15, Station Road, Manor Park, coal merchant. On Friday evening, October 12, 1906, prisoner called at my place about a pony and trap, and about 9.30 the following morning hired it as arranged the previous night. I had never seen him before. He had the pony, trap, harness, and rags, and brought none of them back. On October 17 I saw the pony at Holloway, sold. The trap and har
<lb/>ness was left in another man's yard, and the prisoner had evidently been trying to sell it, but the man would not let it go. I next saw prisoner at Thames Police Court, and picked him out from a number of other men. He is the man. Receipt produced wee shown to me by the man in whose custody I found the pony.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-86" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-86" type="surname" value="BLYTH"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-86" type="given" value="WM HY"/>WM. HY. BLYTH</persName> </hi>. 102, Palmerston Road, Finsbury Park, coal merchant. On October 15 I bought a pony from prisoner for £2 5s., and received receipt produced, signed T. Young, 207, Blackstock Road. I have been to that address and found no such person living there. I have no doubt (prisoner is the man. He is differently dreased and has more hair on his face, but I picked him out from about a dozen men at the police court.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. I saw you in the dock at the police court on the first occasion and picked you out a week afterwards.</p>
<p>Detective
<hi rend="smallCaps">WEBBER</hi>. I was present at Thames Police Court when prisoner was identified by Fitch on the first day of the hearing. December 1. Prisoner was (placed with ten others, and identified at once by Fitch. He was arrested on November 30, brought up on December 1, and formally remanded for a week on a charge in which Fitch was not the prosecutor. I am positive Fitch did not see him in the dock before he was called to identify him. Blyth identified him on December 8. I did not know that he had seen him in the dock on December 1.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-87" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-87" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-87" type="surname" value="HOLMES"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-87" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT HOLMES</persName> </hi>, 11, Plashet Grove, Upton Park. Prisoner is the man who came and ordered a trap from me. I never saw him write.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-88" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-88" type="surname" value="CHAPMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-88" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK CHAPMAN</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I live at 227, Bow Road, and am a caterer for coffee-houses. I was detained on December 1 or November 30, and put Up for identification at the Thames Police Court on the first occasion amongst nine poor fellows that had not got really a rag to their back, and there was no alternative for any
<lb/>body but to walk amongst them and pick me out. Fitch walked direct up to me and just tapped me on the shoulder and walked away. Blyth was in court on December 1, and of course the next week he came in and identified me. I was taken before the magis
<lb/>trate, and they charged me. I said I had never seen the prosecutor</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080027"/>
<p>nor the witness Blyth before, and that I was innocent of this charge, as I say now. I did not hire any pony or cart from Fitch on October 13, or any other day. I did not sell it to Blyth on October 15, or any other day. I did not give him the receipt produced; it is not in my writing. I never saw Fitch or Blyth in my life until I saw them in court. What I said at the police court is true.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have had my present premises six years, and have beeu a caterer aix or seven years. I have been my own employer. I carry on business at Queen's Road, Peckham, Bethnal Green Road, Spitaifields, and Mile End Road. I adhere to my denial, and the receipt produced is not in my writing. Prisoner wrote the words: "Received £2 5s. 0d. for bay pony.—Y. Young, 227, Blackstock Road."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-89" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-89" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-89" type="surname" value="FITCH"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-89" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM FITCH</persName> </hi>, recalled. (To the Jury.) The pony was between sine and ten years of age. I paid £5 for it under the hammer between six and twelve months before it was stolen. When I identi
<lb/>fied prisoner he was dressed differently to when he came to my place. He was not put amongst nine or ten ragged men when I identified him—there was a gentleman there; they were all respectably dressed. Some of them were dressed aa working men. Prisoner was dressed in between a working man and a gentleman. (To the Judge.) I had no difficulty in identifying prisoner. He is the man that had my pony and trap.</p>
<p>Detective
<hi rend="smallCaps">WEBBER</hi>, recalled. I was present at the identification of prisoner by Fitch. Prisoner was not the only respectably-dressed man; they were as nearly as we could get them respectable working men; one was very respectable. We got passers by to come in as near the prisoner as we could.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PRISONER</hi>, recalled. (To the Jury.) I hire traps frequently in the ordinary course of my business. I have frequently hired from a man at Dalston, to whom I have written to ask him to send me a letter with reference to the last hiring I had from him. At this time I was watching premises I was after buying at Barking, to see what the trade was. At that time I was living in the Bethnal Green Road. (To the Judge.) I can only suggest that this man has got the receipt to show, being in unlawful possession of this pony. The pony was valued at the police court at £7, and the Clerk remarked he had a rare bargain if he bought it for £2 5s.; that is all I can make of the matter. I have never seen either the prosecutor or the other man.</p>
<p>Verdict, Not guilty.</p>
<p>Prisoner was then tried on the charge of stealing a horse, cart, and a set of harness, the goods of Robert Holmes, and feloniously receiving same.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-90" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-90" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-90" type="surname" value="HOLMES"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-90" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT HOLMES</persName> </hi>, 11, Piashet Grove, Upton Park, carman. On November 26, 1906, prisoner came and hired my pony and trap. He told me a plausible tale that he had been to Mr. Pyne, of High Street. West Ham, and that his lots were too large, and that Pyne had referred him to Shepherd, who had sent him on to me.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080028"/>
<p>He said he was in the clothing line, and could do with a little lot twice a week. I said as a rule I did not let a trap out without a driver, and he said he wanted to drive his wife, and he was going to 25, Byrne Avenue. I went with him to the "Green Man, and then on to Byrne Avenue, and he got off and knocked at the door of No. 25, and I thought the man was straight and left him. I was with him for ten minutes and had good opportunity to see hit face before he drove away. I was to let him have the cart for the two days for 5s. He never returned the pony and trap. etc. I next saw the pony on November 28 in a stable in charge of the police. There is no fear about his being the man—you cannot get away from that man's dial. I next saw the prisoner at the police station and picked him out from about a dozen men.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The pony was found by the police, and I re
<lb/>covered it on Wednesday, November 28. I should have charged 10s. a day for the pony and trap. By the Thursday it would have been £2.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-91" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-91" type="surname" value="BURNS"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-91" type="given" value="HARRY"/>HARRY BURNS</persName> </hi>, 36, Greenfield Street, E., carman. On November 27 prisoner offered to sell me the pony and harness for £4 10s. I did not buy.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. I was not the proprietor of the stable where the pony and harness were—I kept my horse in the same yard. You left the pony and harness in the same yard as where I am stabling. I was not there when you left it. I saw you on Tuesday morning, Novem
<lb/>ber 27 at the stable and in the Commercial Road in the evening. We went and had a drink and I never saw you again until at the police court. The pony was in the hands of the landlord, Mr. Myburgh, and he reported it to the police on Wednesday morning, and the police took possession. I never saw any cart You sent for the pony, bat the landlord said, "Let the governor come himself," and would not give it up.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SADLER</hi>, Montague Street, Canning Town, skin dealer. On November 27 prisoner sold me a cart for 30s., which I paid, and he gave me the receipt produced. He asked me 50s., and I bought it for 30s. He was a perfect stranger to me. I saw him next at the Thames Police Court, picked him out of a dozen men, and have no doubt whatever he is the man.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. You met me in Aldgate, having come from Canning Town; I said I was going to the Borough, and would be back in one and a half hours. I drew the money for my skins and paid you, and then took the cart from where it was left after you gave me the receipt.</p>
<p>Statement of Prisoner at Police Court: "I had been heavily drink
<lb/>ing lately."</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-92" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-92" type="surname" value="CHAPMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-92" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK CHAPMAN</persName> </hi> (Prisoner on oath). On the day I hired the pony and trap I was in Whitechapel, and met some friends at the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080029"/>
<p>Pavilion and we had sundry drinks together and they persuaded me to go to the Pavilion. A man outside told me I could leave the pony at these stables, belonging to Burns as I thought. The cart was taken into one stable and the pony and harness across the road. The next morning I saw Burns, but he was in a hurry to go some
<lb/>where and could not stay. I hunted about to find the pony and the cart. After I bad found where I left the cart, in the afternoon I met Sadler in Whitechapel and asked him if he came from Canning Town. He said, "Yes." I said, "Well, I have got a cart I want to go back to Plashet Grove, would you mind taking it back?" He said he was going over the water and would he back in one and a half or two hours. I said, "Here is the oart round the corner. I will meet you later on." I did not say any more, I let the man think it was mine. I left that man and went in search of my pony.) could not get it before I saw Burns. It was late before he dame home. I met him and went into Whiteohapel and asked him what I was indebted to him, we had a drink, and in Fashion Street we had another drink or two. Eventually he left me all of a sudden I was waiting for him to come back. When it was getting late I sent to the stables, asking them to kindly give the lad possession of the pony and harness. I did not get possession of it, so I went to Stepney, as I had to be there at a club, and I got a man to slip
<lb/>down to see if he could get it for me. I went the next day and heard the pony and harness were in the bands of the police, so I troubled no further about it. I went past the owner's on Friday, and I believe I saw the property there. With regard 'to my making a receipt for this cart, is it feasible that a man would pick up a stranger in Whitechapel, take him for a drive, as he said at the police court, and give him 30s. without having possession of his property? The man said that he took the man for a drive from Whiteohapel to the Borough, took him into the public-house, they had a drink, land he gave him 30s., and he left the main in the Borough, and he never saw the man any more till he was at the police court. Is it feasible that a man could give 30s. to an utter stranger without getting possession of the property he was purchas
<lb/>ing I (To the Jury.) When I heard that the police had got posses
<lb/>sion of it I aid not go to the police court. I did not pay for the hire Nothing has been sold, the man has got all his property bark. There has been no criminal action. I was satisfied they had got the property back, and I troubled no further. There was no intention to rob, nothing had been sold.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not give Sadler that receipt, nor write it. He is misleading the Court. The cart was found in Sadler's stable. I went to the Pavilion, and when I saw Sadler the next day I asked if he would take it to Plashet Grove, and he took it away to his own stable, where it was found.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19070108-26-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-26-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-26-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>. Prisoner confessed to having been convicted of felony at tnis court on June 17, 1895, in the name of Frederick. Adolphus Kitchener.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080030"/>
<p>Detective-sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES BALLARD</hi>, S Division, stated that on June 18, 1895, prisoner pleaded guilty to two indictments of bigamy, far which he was sentenced by the Recorder to seven years' penal servi
<lb/>tude and nine months' hard labour concurrently. On April 9, 1892, as Middlesex Sessions, he reeived three years' penal servitude for stealing a pony, cart, and harness. On October 25, 1886, at Middle
<lb/>sex Sessions, five years' penal servitude for horse stealing. Three other convictions were proved, and he had committed several heart. Less robberies on women.</p>
<p>Detective
<hi rend="smallCaps">RICHARD WEBB</hi>, K Division, stated prisoner was released from penal servitude in 1900, and shortly after he lived with and absolutely ruined a woman who kept a restaurant. There were now against prisoner three other charges for horse and cart stealing in the county of Essex.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19070108-26-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-26-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-26-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-19070108 t19070108-26-punishment-23"/>Seven years' penal servitude</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070108-27">
<interp inst="t19070108-27" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070108"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-27" type="date" value="19070108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070108-27-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-27-19070108 t19070108-27-offence-1 t19070108-27-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-27-19070108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-27-19070108" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19070108" type="surname" value="HIBBERT"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19070108" type="given" value="EDITH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HIBBERT</hi>, Edith</persName>
<rs id="t19070108-27-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-27-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-27-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> </rs>
<rs id="t19070108-27-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-27-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-27-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="concealingABirth"/>; pleaded guilty to, by a secret disposition of the dead body of her child, endeavouring to conceal the birth thereof.</rs> Sentence,
<rs id="t19070108-27-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-27-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-27-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-27-19070108 t19070108-27-punishment-24"/>Three days' imprisonment</rs>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>; January 9, 10, 11, and 12.</p>
<p>(Before the Common Serjeant.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070108-28">
<interp inst="t19070108-28" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070108"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-28" type="date" value="19070108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070108-28-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28-19070108 t19070108-28-offence-1 t19070108-28-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-28-19070108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-28-19070108" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19070108" type="age" value="45"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19070108" type="surname" value="WARTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19070108" type="given" value="MIRIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WARTON</hi>, Miriam (45, no occupation)</persName>
<rs id="t19070108-28-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-28-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-28-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="keepingABrothel"/>; procuring and attempting to procure
<persName id="t19070108-name-95" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-95" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-95" type="surname" value="HILT"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-95" type="given" value="MAUDIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070108-28-offence-1 t19070108-name-95"/>Maudie Hilt</persName> and
<persName id="t19070108-name-96" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-96" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-96" type="surname" value="MACDOUGALL"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-96" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070108-28-offence-1 t19070108-name-96"/>Sarah Macdougall</persName>, women under the age of twenty-one years, to become common prostitutes.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Charles Mathews, Mr. Bodkin, end Mr. Symons prosecuted. Mr. Purcell defended.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19070108-28-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-28-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-28-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>. Sentence,
<rs id="t19070108-28-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-28-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-28-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28-19070108 t19070108-28-punishment-25"/>Eighteen months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>; Friday, January 11.</p>
<p>(Before Mr. Justice Lawrance.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070108-29">
<interp inst="t19070108-29" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070108"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-29" type="date" value="19070108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070108-29-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-29-19070108 t19070108-29-offence-1 t19070108-29-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-29-19070108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-29-19070108" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19070108" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19070108" type="surname" value="PIZZIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19070108" type="given" value="PESQUALE"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19070108" type="occupation" value="hawker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PIZZIN</hi>, Pesquale (22, hawker)</persName>
<rs id="t19070108-29-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-29-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-29-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>; feloniously wounding
<persName id="t19070108-name-98" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-98" type="surname" value="ROSSI"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-98" type="given" value="SAVARIO"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070108-29-offence-1 t19070108-name-98"/>Savario Rossi</persName>, with intent to kill and murder him and to do him some grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Charles Mathews, Mr. Bodkin, and Mr. Symmons prosecuted, prosecuted.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">PERCY ATTERSALL</hi>, 266 E. I have made the plan to scale of Back Hill, Clerkenwell (produced). The distance from the "Rising Sun" to Clerkenwell Road is 351 ft. 4 in., and from the centre of the Catholic church to the corner of Clerkenwell Road if 96 ft.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080031"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-99" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-99" type="surname" value="ROSSI"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-99" type="given" value="SAVARIO"/>SAVARIO ROSSI</persName> </hi>. I am an Italian, I have been in England for about three years and ten months, and am an ice cream vendor living at 81, Kingsland Road. I know a public-house called the "Rising San," kept by Biondi, and was there on November 12 at about 8.30 p.m. with men named Gaetano, Pesquale, Notara, Granato, Franki, and another man, whose name I do not remember. Rinaldi and Neapolitano were there also. Pesquale is the prisoner. I only knew him from Italy, and thought he was a friend of mine. I went there with Rinaldi. Prisoner and Gaetano came in with about three others afterwards. While we were in the public-house, Gaetano and his friends started insulting us, and I told him to be careful and not use such bad words. I told him to stop hit filthy language, and all of a sudden Gaetano challenged me to come outside with a knife. I said, "Remember that we all have wives and children; better leave the knife off." Then the landlord, Biondi, stopped the quarrel. Prisoner took no part in that dispute. I left the public-house with Franki, Rinaldi, Notera, Neapolitano, and another whose name I do not know, and walked along Back Hill towards Clerken
<lb/>well Road. Prisoner and his friends had left the public-house before us and were at the corner of Back Hill Street. Prisoner said, "I want to speak to you," and as I walked towards him he gave me a smack on the face and another of his friends gave me a smack on the face also. They said, "Pull your knife out." Prisoner said that. They all five had their knives out and stabbed at me. Prisoner had his knife in his hand. I was stabbed under my right arm, and again in my abdomen on the right side. I do not know if it was the prisoner who stabbed me. The prisoner always had the knife in his hand, and if it had not been for Notara he would have finished me. Notara took his pipe out and presented it as a revolver, and said to prisoner and his friends, "Unless you leave my friend alone I will shoot you." As soon as they saw Notera coming they all ran away. I had nothing to protect myself with. I have seen the knife produced in prisoner's hand. When he told me to take the knife out, this knife was in his hand, and when they slapped my face. I cannot solemnly swear this was the prisoner's knife, but I saw the knife there, and I heard it drop. When prisoner stabbed me with that knife he threw it on the ground and ran away. I was wearing trousers produced. There are cuts in them on the right and left. I had only one wound. They were not cut before I was attacked. I knew the prisoner as an acquaintance. I had no quarrel with him, and do not know why I was attacked. I went to the hospital and remained there until Decem
<lb/>ber 12.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-100" type="surname" value="NEAPOLITANO"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-100" type="given" value="ANTONIO"/>ANTONIO NEAPOLITANO</persName> </hi>, parquet floorer, employed at 189, Cannon Street, and living at 26, Collier Street. I have known prisoner about a year and know Rossi. I was at the "Rising Sun" the night Rossi was wounded, from about seven p.m. Prisoner, Rossi. and Gaetano were there sitting at the table, and the house was full. At about nine or ten p.m. Rossi, Gaetano and two or three more went out and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080032"/>
<p>I followed. There was a crowd of them in Back Hill saying "Good night." Franki and Notara went through the Italian Church to go home. Prisoner Gaetano, and three more stopped, and I told them to go home. Rossi coming up, prisoner said to Rossi, "Come here, I want to speak to you." Rossi went towards him, and was struck on the face, I think by the prisoner. Rossi and prisoner were close together. Then there was a row; they all had a knife or something shiny in their hands. They all struck one at the other. I could not see pro
<lb/>perly, there were seven of them trampling about on the street. Prisoner went away first towards the tram lines in Clerkenwell Road and the other men went in the other direction. I went up Back Hill and saw Rossi with his hands on his belly and asked him what was the matter. He said, "They kill me." I asked him who had done it. He said he did not know. Blood was coming out of his side. Rinaldi and Gaetano were there. They had not knives in their hands; all the others had.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-101" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-101" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-101" type="surname" value="RINALDI"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-101" type="given" value="AUGUSTINO"/>AUGUSTINO RINALDI</persName> </hi>, 221, Green Street, Bethnal Green. On Novem
<lb/>ber 12 I went to the "Rising Sun" at about 6.30 p. m. Prisoner was there with several others. Gaetano was with the prisoner. There was no quarrel. At about nine or ten p.m. I left Rossi, Notara. Neapolitano, and Franki. Gaetano and prisoner followed us. We went up Back Hill to take the tram. I left them for a short time, and when I came back there was a group at the corner, including Gaetano, prisoner, and Rossi. Prisoner took Rossi four or five paces from us. I went towards them and told them to hurry up because the tram was coming, and I saw prisoner and also Gaetano give Rossi a smack in the face. I took prisoner and Gaetano away from Rossi. Then one of prisoner's companions. a man with a big nose, said, "If you do not leave them alone I shall stab you with a knife." I was afraid he might stab me in the back, so I left them, and I saw all the lot going against Rossi—three of them. They all had something in their hand like a knife. Prisoner was one of the three. I saw Gaetano stab Rossi. also the others. They were stabbing with the knife, while Rossi was kicking them. I saw Gaetano stab him on the left side. I could not say who stabbed him on the right side, because I was afraid for myself. Then as soon as Notara came they all ran towards the bottom of Back Hill; the prisoner went to the other side of the Italian church. Rossi had nothing in his hand; he was only defend
<lb/>ing himself with his arms and legs.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-102" type="surname" value="FRANKI"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-102" type="given" value="FRANCISCO"/>FRANCISCO FRANKI</persName> </hi>, 84, Victoria Dwellings, Clerkenwell Road, par
<lb/>quet floorer. On November 12 I was at the "Rising Sun," and was passing in Back Hill between nine and ten, when I saw a group of persons; I was standing at the opposite corner. I did not see what they were doing, but I heard an iron drop, and saw the prisoner run away towards me. I stopped him and said, "What have you done wrong?" He said nothing. A policeman was behind me, and I said, "Take this man in charge." The policeman asked me what he had done wrong. I said. "You heard—someone has been stabbed."</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080033"/>
<p>The policeman said, "Go on—go on." Prisoner then went towards Clerkenwell Road. I went down Back Hill and saw Rossi come through Ray Street. The constable and I took him to the hospital.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOSEPH GRINNEL</hi>, 111 E. On November 12, at 10 p.m., I was on duty in Clerkenwell Road. I saw prisoner with two other Italians, whom I knew by sight. The last witness, Franki, asked me to take the prisoner. I asked what for, and what he had been doing. Franki said, "Never mind about that; take him." I asked them all to come to the station. They refused, and I let the prisoner go. About ten minutes afterwards my attention wae drawn to a crowd of people who had assembled in Back Hill. I saw a man walking about very pale, and seeming to be in great pain. I took him to the Royal Free Hospital, where he was detained. I saw some blood on the right side, but I did not think he was hurt so much, as he was walking about. That was Rossi I believe the third man with Franki and the prisoner was Notara, but I am not certain.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-103" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-103" type="surname" value="MURPHY"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-103" type="given" value="TAHOMAS"/>TAHOMAS MURPHY</persName> </hi>, resistered medical practitioner. Police-constable Jabez Long has a serious attack of influenza and bronchitis and is unable to give evidence.</p>
<p>Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN BISSILL</hi>. I was present at Clerkenwell Police Court on December 19. 1906. Police-constable Long was examined as a witness for the prosecution, in the presence of the prisoner, who had an opportunity of Cross-examining him, and did Cross-examine other witnesses. "Deposition of Jabes Long, 33 E, Reserve: On November 12 I was on duty in Back Hill about 10.15. I met prose
<lb/>cutor. who was with Constable Grinnell. I went down Back Hill. I picked up this knife on the footway at the back of the Italian Church, about No. 16, Back Hill. The knife was lying about the centre of the pavement. The blade was open. There were new bloodestains on the blade. I afterwards produced the knife to Dr. Atkey." Back Hill has recently been renumbered and No. 16 is now No. 9. On December 19 a warrant was granted for the arrest of Gaetano. I had been unable to execute it. Gaetiano lodged at 9, Crawford Passage, previous to the stabbing. I knew him. I had kept casual observation on 9, Crawford Passage since November 12 up to the present time and as sergeant have visited the officers keep
<lb/>ing observation, have searched the premises on several occasions, and have falled to find the prisoner or Gaetano.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM COX</hi>, 94 E. I have known Gaetano by sight for four months. He lodged at 9, Crawford Passage, where I have kept observation from two to 10 p.m. for him and the prisoner from November 12, but saw nothing of them until on November 26 at 1.20 p.m., when I saw the prisoner talking to an Italian with a chestnut barrow on Ludgate Hill. I was in plain clothes. I told him I was a police officer, and tried to explain to him that I should arrest him for the attempted murder of an Italian. I took him to the station. On the way he said, "All right, I know you, me say nothing." Police-constable Parker relieved me in keep
<lb/>ing observation.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080034"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-104" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-104" type="surname" value="FALKI"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-104" type="given" value="GIOVANINA"/>GIOVANINA FALKI</persName> </hi>, wife of Francisco Falki, ice-cream vendor, 9,. Crawford Passage, Clerkenwell. Prisoner has lodged at my house regularly for five or six months down to the day before the policeman came about Rossi. I have not seen him since. Gaetano and another man were also living with me at the same time as the prisoner. The other man left about a fortnight before this occurrence, and Gaetano left directly after it.</p>
<p>Detective-inspector
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES STOCKLEY</hi>, E Division Metropolitan Police. On November 26 I saw prisoner at Grays Inn Road Police Station, and told prisoner, through the interpreter now present, that I intended charging him with attempting to murder the man named Rossi by stabbing him with a knife on November 12 at Back Hill, Rosebery Avenue, and he made certain replies which were inter
<lb/>preted by the interpreter, who is here now.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-105" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-105" type="surname" value="ZEITON"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-105" type="given" value="LENO"/>LENO ZEITON</persName> </hi>, 236, Goldhawk Road, Shepherd's Bush, interpreter. I was in Gray's Inn Road Police Station on November 26, and inter
<lb/>preted the charge given by the last witness to the prisoner. Before he was charged I, by the direction of Inspecter Stockley, told him why he was brought to the station, to be charged with intending to murder, and he said, "I will speak the truth." When I read over the charge, I cautioned him and he said, "I know nothing and I have nothing to say.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-106" type="surname" value="ATKEY"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-106" type="given" value="OLIVER FRANCIS PAYNES"/>OLIVER FRANCIS PAYNES ATKEY</persName> </hi>. senior resident medical officer. Royal Free Hospital. On November 12, at 10.45 p.m., Rossi was brought to the hospital. I examined him and found a stab in the abdomen about four fingers' breaoths below the ribs. It was a serious wound, very dangerous to life. I came to the conclusion that an operation was necessary, and performed one which was successful. I found there were three incisions into the liver. The knife had passed upwards. I can only explain the three incisions in the liver by sup
<lb/>posing that the stabber partially withdrew the knife and then restabbed without taking the knite out. There were three jogs, but only one external wound. The wound could have been caused by the knife produced. I did not see any other wounds. There were none of any size, at any rate—there may have been a scratch. Had I not operated I think the resuit would have been certain death.</p>
<p>Prisoner's statement before the Magistrale: "I know nothing about it. It was about 12 o'clock that night when I was with about twelve others when somebody called me out. This party told me that Savario Rossi had been wounded and they say it was you who stabbed him They told me to look out as the police were after me. When I heard that I ran away."</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19070108-29-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-29-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-29-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty of wounding with intent to do grievous bodily harm</rs>. Sentence.
<rs id="t19070108-29-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-29-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-29-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-29-19070108 t19070108-29-punishment-26"/>Eighteen months' hard labour</rs>. Certified for expulsion under Aliens Act.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070108-30">
<interp inst="t19070108-30" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070108"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-30" type="date" value="19070108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070108-30-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-19070108 t19070108-30-offence-1 t19070108-30-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-30-19070108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-30-19070108" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19070108" type="surname" value="MONTALTO"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19070108" type="given" value="LILY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MONTALTO</hi>, Lily</persName>
<rs id="t19070108-30-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-30-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="damage"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-30-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="arson"/>; setting fire to the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t19070108-name-108" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-108" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-108" type="given" value="JAMES ALFRED"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070108-30-offence-1 t19070108-name-108"/>James Alfred Johnson</persName>, who. with other persons, was then in the house.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. W. H. Thorne prosecuted.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080035"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-109" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-109" type="surname" value="HAYES"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-109" type="given" value="LILY"/>LILY HAYES</persName> </hi>, wife of Henry John Hayes, 47, Mornington Crescent. I let rooms at 41, Mornington Crescent, where the prisoner was a lodger. On December 31, 1906, I was called ont of bed at about Johnson is also a lodger at No. 41 in the next room to the prisoner. He made a communication to me, and I went into his room. He was pouring water on a lot of burning coal, which was lying at the bottom of the door in between his room and the prisoner's. Prisoner was in the corner by the fireplace, and she took a big piece of live coal out of the fire and threw it across the room. I then ran out for the police. Prisoner was shouting all the time. She said she would set the b——house on fire for one thing, but she was using such filthy language I cannot repeat it. I had given prisoner notice to leave, which expired on Chriatmas Eve. Other people besides Johnson and prisoner were living in the house. I afterwards looked at the door between the prisoner's and Johnson's room. It was all charred along the bottom. I saw this after I fetched the police. I did not see it before that day—prisoner would not allow me in her room. I did not live in the house; I was sent for. (To the Judge.) Prisoner has lodged there since Kovember 12. She was always abueing me. I had had no quarrel with her.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-110" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-110" type="given" value="JAMES ALFRED"/>JAMES ALFRED JOHNSON</persName> </hi>, cellarman. I am a lodger at 41, Morning
<lb/>ton Crescent, the last witnees being any landlady; I occupy the room next to the prisoner's. On December 31, at about 12.30, I was sitting reading the paper when I noticed smoke in the room coming from under the door parting the two rooms. I moved the chairs away, opened the door, took the water-can, and poured water on to some burning coal that was placed there. While I was doing so, prisoner went to the fireplace, took up a kettle of boiling water and threw it at me while I was partly in her room putting this burning Coal out wifh the water-can. If it had not been for the kettle lid being on tight there is no doubt I should have been scalded. It passed me, and then she put her hands in the grate, took out handfuls of burning coal, and threw them at me. She has said she would burn the bleeding house up; she would see them all out; the would he the last one in the house. She was abusing my wife and child, called my child a basterd and called my wife a cow. Mrs. Hayes went and fetched a constable (To the Judge.) I have never had any quarrel with her—never had any words. I never take any notice of what she says.</p>
<p>To prisoner. You have abused me every time you met me on the landing. whenever you opened your door.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">SAMUEL BAILEY</hi>, 198 S. On December 31, at 12.30 a m., I was called in to 41, Mornington Crescent. Going up the stairs I could hear the prisoner indulging in a volley of abuse and when I got up to the stairhead I knocked at her door. There are two doors on the stairhead, one leading into prisoner's room and one into John
<lb/>son's, and there is a door Connecting the two rooms. I asked prisoner to open her door. She refused and said she wanted to burn the cow and her bastard. I was then taken through Johnson's room and found</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080036"/>
<p>that the partition door had been opened. The bottom of the door was partly burned, the place swamped with water, and there was a strong smell of burning. I told prisoner I should take her into custody. She was undressed. She said, "Then you will have to take me as I am." I said, "Well, it is very cold outside; I should advise you to put some clothes on," which she did after a good deal of coax
<lb/>ing. All the time she was dressing she kept on abusing everyone in the house. I took her to the station, she was charged and made no reply.</p>
<p>To prisoner. You passed the remark about the cow when I was on the landing before I got into the room. You were in your own room. The next morning you asked me not to tell the Magistrate that you had made use of that expression. (To the Judge.) She had been drinking, but she was more like a mad woman than anything else.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-111" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-111" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-111" type="surname" value="MONTALTO"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-111" type="given" value="LILY"/>LILY MONTALTO</persName> </hi> (prisoner not on oath) said there were no fireirons or fender in the room, and the bedstead being large, there was a difficulty in opening the door, and she had to remove the ashes in paper, and that they had fallen out; that she had received notice to leave, but having a dog and a cat, had been unable to get other accom
<lb/>modation; that improper persons were in the house who had abused her; that she had no ill-feeling to anyone, but they were annoyed that she had found them out.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19070108-30-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-30-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-30-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">BAILEY</hi> said he had been on point duty outside prisoner's dwelling for five weeks, and had often seen her drunk before breakfast, and had never seen her what you call sober. Her place was in a filthy condition. Her husband was in the room at the time. He was a waiter who had absolutely no power to control her.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19070108-30-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-30-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-30-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-19070108 t19070108-30-punishment-27"/>Twelve months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070108-31">
<interp inst="t19070108-31" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070108"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-31" type="date" value="19070108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070108-31-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-31-19070108 t19070108-31-offence-1 t19070108-31-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-31-19070108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-31-19070108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19070108" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19070108" type="surname" value="CHRYSTAL"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19070108" type="given" value="JAMES COLLWELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19070108" type="occupation" value="traveller"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHRYSTAL</hi>. James Collwell (28, traveller)</persName>
<rs id="t19070108-31-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-31-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-31-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>; committing an un
<lb/>natural offence with
<persName id="t19070108-name-113" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-113" type="surname" value="ROURKE"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-113" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070108-31-offence-1 t19070108-name-113"/>Ernest Rourke</persName>; committing an act of gross in
<lb/>decency with
<persName id="t19070108-name-114" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-114" type="surname" value="ROURKE"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-114" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070108-31-offence-1 t19070108-name-114"/>Ernest Rourke</persName>, a male person.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Sydney E. Williams prosecuted; Mr. George Elliott and Mr. C. H. Swanton defended.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19070108-31-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-31-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-31-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>; Friday, January 11.</p>
<p>(Before the Recorder.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070108-32">
<interp inst="t19070108-32" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070108"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-32" type="date" value="19070108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070108-32-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-32-19070108 t19070108-32-offence-1 t19070108-32-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070108-32-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-32-19070108 t19070108-32-offence-2 t19070108-32-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-32-19070108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-32-19070108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19070108" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19070108" type="surname" value="CAMP"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19070108" type="given" value="CHARLES FREDERICK"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19070108" type="occupation" value="barman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CAMP</hi>. Charles Frederick (26, barman)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-32-19070108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-32-19070108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-32-19070108" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def2-32-19070108" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def2-32-19070108" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def2-32-19070108" type="occupation" value="coal porter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BROWN</hi>, William (33. coal porter)</persName>
<rs id="t19070108-32-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-32-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-32-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>. Brown, stealing several pairs of boots, a silver-backed hair brush and mirror, a candlestick, and eleven pickle-forks, the propertv of the
<persName id="t19070108-name-117" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-117" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070108-32-offence-1 t19070108-name-117"/>London and North-Western Railway Company</persName>,</rs> and "Camp
<rs id="t19070108-32-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-32-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-32-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/> receiving same</rs>. Brown pleaded
<rs id="t19070108-32-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-32-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-32-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Mr. J. P. Grain and Mr. Forrest Fulton prosecuted; Mr. Jenkins defended Camp; Mr. Percival appeared for Brown.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080037"/>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">EDWARD RICKSON</hi>, K Division. On December 19, in company with Sergeant Norris, I was in the neighbourhood of Old Ford Road about half-past three in the afternoon. I there saw Camp. He was carrying a parcel. I asked him what he had in it. He said, "Look for yourself," and handed me the parcel. I opened it, and found it contained a silver-backed mirror and a silver-backed hair-brush. The articles produced are those which I found in the parcel. I asked Camp where he got them from, and he said, "I bought them over the bar from a customer, a man called. Charlie or Bill, who works at a coalyard; I have not paid for them yet; I have arranged to pay eight shillings for them; this is the first thing I have bought over the bar, and I am very sorry." I took him into custody. At about half-past eight the same evening I was on duty at the Bow Road Police Station, and a young woman named Florence Sills came there and made a communication to me. From what she said I went to 31, Cressington Road, Stoke Newington. I was there handed by Florence Sills the eleven forks produced, and also this candlestick and shawl. She said these articles were given to her by Camp. I took the articles back to the police station and placed them on the table there. Camp was then brought out to be charged and he made a statement. Ser
<lb/>geant Norris was present and he wrote the statement down in his book and read it over to Camp, and he signed it.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Brown is a coal porter. As far as I know what Camp said to me about having given eight shillings for the hair
<lb/>brush and mirror is true. He is a respectable young man and of good character as far as I know. Florence Sills is a respectable young woman and of good character. Camp and she were keeping company. There has been no attempt to deal with any of the articles as far as the police know.</p>
<p>Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">RICHARD NORRIS</hi>, K Division. I arrested Brown. This is Camp's statement at the police station, which I took down in writing: "About a fortnight ago I bought these forks for four shillings from Brown. I bought the matchbox and candlestick about three or four months ago for two shillings. The shawl I bought from Brown about month ago for four shillings. I bought three pairs of boots from Brown, four shillings each pair, the first pair about seven weeks ago; the pair I sold to Mitchell was about five weeks ago; the pair I have got on I bought about two weeks ago. The mirror and brush were handed to me last Monday morning." Brown was present, and he said, "Quite correct." On the same day I went to the "Caledonian Arms" public-house (which is about 60 or 70 yards from the Old Ford depot of the L. and N.W. Railway), where Camp was employed as a barman. In his bedroom I found the pair of boots produced. This pair of boots produced is the one which was taken from Camp at the police station.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The things that were before Camp when he made the statement were the forks. the candlestick, three pairs of boots, and the shawl. Those things being before him, he told me accurately where he had got them from.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080038"/>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">RICKSON</hi>, recalled. This pair of boots produced I found at 8, Waverley Road, Tottenham, where Camp's young woman's brother lives. The pair of boots now produced was handed to me by Mitchell the potman at the "Caledonian Arms." They were shown to Camp on the night he was charged, and he said he had sold them to the potman for 4s.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-118" type="surname" value="CROMPTON"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-118" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>FRANCIS CROMPTON</persName> </hi>, silversmith, 33, St. James's Road, Edgbaston, Birmingham. On December 7 I dispatched a parcel containing silver backed brushes, combs, and other articles to H. G. Nathan, Ashdean, Woodford. The brush and mirror before me formed part of that consignment. The brush is worth 13s. 6d. and the mirror 22s. 6d. We received a complaint as to the articles being missing from the person to whom they were consigned, through Owen and Co., of Bir
<lb/>mingham. The parcel was handed to Owen and Co. and dispatched by goods train.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The total value of the contents of the case us £3 3s. 9d. We are manufacturers and we expect to make a profit of 25 per cent, on these things. The hair brush and mirror could not be purchased anywhere for 8s. The cost of the hair brush and mirror would be about 27s.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-119" type="surname" value="LANCASTER"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-119" type="given" value="JOHN ERNEST"/>JOHN ERNEST LANCASTER</persName> </hi>. packing clerk of Messrs. Owen and Co., Birmingham, proved the dispatch, on December 10, of the case re
<lb/>ierred to.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-120" type="surname" value="WILLIS"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-120" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST WILLIS</persName> </hi>, carman, L. and N.W.R. On December 11 I took from the Old Ford depot a case despatched by Owen and Co. to Nathan of Woodford. I handed it to Carter, Paterson for delivery. I know Brown by sight; he Works for the coal people at the yard. All the goods from the goods trains are loaded out of the waggons on to a bank at the depot.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-121" type="surname" value="OSBORNE"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-121" type="given" value="FREDERICK WILLIAM"/>FREDERICK WILLIAM OSBORNE</persName> </hi>, partner in Tibbitt and Co., boot
<lb/>makers. Northampton. On November 14 I despatched by the L. and N.W.R. a case containing 16 pairs of boots addressed to Mr. Payne, Woodford Road, Forest Gate. I afterwards received a complaint from the consignee. The pair of boots produced formed part of that pack
<lb/>age. On November 27 I sent off by the L. and N.W.R. a case cen
<lb/>taining 21 pairs of boots addressed to Mr. Bayles, 155, Forest Lane. I received a complaint in reference to that package. The two pairs of boots produced formed part of the contents of that case.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-122" type="surname" value="SEABRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-122" type="given" value="EDGAR"/>EDGAR SEABRIGHT</persName> </hi>, carman L. and N.W.R. On November 20 I delivered a case of boots, received from Northampton, to Mr. Payne. He unpacked it in my presence, and found there were four pairs miss
<lb/>ing, and signed my delivery sheet to that effect. On November 28 I took a case to Mr. Bayles, of Forest Lane. He opened it, and found there were six pairs missing, and signed the sheet to that effect.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-123" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-123" type="surname" value="PAYNE"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-123" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM PAYNE</persName> </hi>, bootmaker, Woodford Road, Forest Gate. On November 20 I received a case of boots from the L. and N.W.R., sent by Tibbitt and Co., of Northampton. I examined it and found four pairs missing. The boots produced formed part of that case.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080039"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-124" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-124" type="surname" value="BAYLES"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-124" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER BAYLES</persName> </hi>, bootmaker, Forest Lane. On November 28 I received a case of boots from Tibbitt and Co. I opened it and found six pairs were missing. The two pairs produced formed part of that case. They bear my name, which was put upon the boots by Tibbitt's.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-125" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-125" type="surname" value="CAMP"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-125" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES F. R. CAMP</persName> </hi> (Prisoner, on oath). I have been employed for the last 10 months as barman at the "Caledonian Arms," Fair
<lb/>field Road, Bow. Before that I was at the "Woodman," in Boleyn Road, and before that at the "Prince of Wales" in Lea Bridge Road. Previously I served in the army in South Africa for a year and nine months. There has never been any charge of any sort or kind ever made against me. I know Brown as a customer using the house. I knew he worked as a foreman coal-porter, but I did not know where. The first transaction I had with him was just over four months ago. He told me he was selling different articles, such as boots and things, for an agent of a club, and the agent was paying him so much for everything he sold. I was going to buy a small present for my young lady, and he said he could get me a candlestick, and so I gave him the order, telling him I did not want a very good one, as I could not afford much. I also bougiht a pair of boots from him for four shillings. The potman told me he wanted a pair of boots, and I gave Brown an order for a pair. The next thing I bought from him was the 11 forks. I gave 4s. for them; he told me they were just metal plated. Altogether I bought three pairs of boots from him for myself and one pair for the potman. I also bought the shawl, which has been produced, for 4s. The hair brush and mirror I had brought to me to pay for if I and the young lady were satisfied with them. I was to give him 8s. for them; he told me they were metal plated. I did not know at that time that they were silver. Those are the only things I bought. I was taking the brush and mirror to my young lady when I was arreated. I gave all the things with the exception of the boots to the young lady whom I intend marrying. I have never attempted to deal with the things in any shape or form. Everything I told the police was perfectly true. When I bought these things I had no idea that they had been stolen.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I know that barmen are not allowed to buy goods overthe bar. I did not buy these things over the bar; I bought them in the bar. The brush and glass were handed to me over the bar. I bought the forks as a present for the young lady. Brown told me they were fruit forks. I did not tell my em
<lb/>ployer I was buying these things. When Brown brought the things into the bar wrapped up in brown paper I used to call the potman and ask him to take them up and put them on my box in my room. I used to pay for the things on Wednes
<lb/>days, when I was off duty. I never paid Brown any money over the counter. My wages as barman were 14s. a week and board and lodg
<lb/>ing. I bought nothing from Brown but what you have got here. I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080040"/>
<p>never made any inquiry as to who the agent was that he said he got the things from. I thought he was a respectable fellow and that the agent was an agent for one of the clubs that advertise in the papers. There are a number of clubs who employ agents to sell different things for them and very often the agent employs another agent to get cus
<lb/>tomers for him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-126" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-126" type="surname" value="SILLS"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-126" type="given" value="FLORENCE"/>FLORENCE SILLS</persName> </hi>, 31, Cressington Road, Stoke Newington. I have been keeping company with Camp for the last 16 months. He has given me presents from time to time. He gave me the shawl, the candlestick, and the forks as presents. He told me the forks were for picking up strawberries, and I said I had no time to pick up straw beries with a fork; I had to work too hard. They were given to me as a present, as I was going to be married. I had no idea the things were stolen properiy. I have always found Camp a respectable and honest and hard-working fellow and have never known him to tell a lie all the 16 months I have known him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-127" type="surname" value="GLENSBURG"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-127" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM GLENSBURG</persName> </hi>, licensee of the "Prince of Wales" Hotel, Lea Bridge Road. Camp was in my service for 12 months as head bar
<lb/>man. I found him to be a very honest, straightforward young fellow I never found him out in any act of dishonesty.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Barmen are not allowed to buy or trafic in goods over the bar counter. That would be contrary to the custom in the trade. Verdict (Camp),
<rs id="t19070108-32-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-32-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-32-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>Guilty, but recommended to mercy</rs>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-128" type="surname" value="FLETCHER"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-128" type="given" value="LEONARD"/>LEONARD FLETCHER</persName> </hi>, partner in Abbott and Co. Brown has been for 11 years foreman porter in our employment. For a considerable por
<lb/>tion of that time he was absolutely in, a position of trust and I had no reason during all that time to doubt his honesty.</p>
<p>Sentence: Camp,
<rs id="t19070108-32-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-32-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-32-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-32-19070108 t19070108-32-punishment-28"/>nine months' hard labour</rs>; Brown,
<rs id="t19070108-32-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-32-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-32-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-32-19070108 t19070108-32-punishment-29"/>nine months hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<persName id="t19070108-name-129">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-129" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-129" type="surname" value="DAY"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-129" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-129" type="occupation" value="painter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DAY</hi>, Robert (29, painter)</persName>,
<persName id="t19070108-name-130">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-130" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-130" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-130" type="surname" value="DESMOND"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-130" type="given" value="PAUL"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-130" type="occupation" value="painter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DESMOND</hi>, Paul (27, painter)</persName>,
<persName id="t19070108-name-131">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-131" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-131" type="surname" value="MORTON"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-131" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-131" type="occupation" value="scaffolder"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MOR
<lb/>TON</hi>, Thomas (29, scaffolder)</persName>, and
<persName id="t19070108-name-132">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-132" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-132" type="surname" value="LOWE"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-132" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-132" type="occupation" value="bricklayer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LOWE</hi>, Harry (26, bricklayer)</persName>, pleaded guilty at last Sessions (see page 171) to larceny and receiv
<lb/>ing stolen goods, each confessing to a previous conviction. Wit
<lb/>nesses were now called, who spoke well of Day and Desmond's con
<lb/>duct while out of prison.Sentence, each prisoner four years' penal servitude (as from December 10 lest). An order of restitution made.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>; Tuesday, January 8.</p>
<p>(Before the Common Serjeant.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070108-34">
<interp inst="t19070108-34" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070108"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-34" type="date" value="19070108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070108-34-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-34-19070108 t19070108-34-offence-1 t19070108-34-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-34-19070108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-34-19070108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19070108" type="surname" value="MUMFORD"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19070108" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19070108" type="occupation" value="hay and straw dealer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MUMFORD</hi>. James</persName>
<rs id="t19070108-34-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-34-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-34-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, hay and straw dealer; within four months next before the presentation of a bankruptcy petition against him upon which he was adjudged bankrupt did make and cause to be made certain false entries in certain books relating to his affairs with indent to conceal the state of his affairs; in incurring a certain debt and liability to the amount of £220 to
<persName id="t19070108-name-134" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-134" type="surname" value="BURNETT"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-134" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070108-34-offence-1 t19070108-name-134"/>Harry Burnett</persName> and
<persName id="t19070108-name-135" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-135" type="surname" value="BARNETT"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-135" type="given" value="BRAHAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070108-34-offence-1 t19070108-name-135"/>Bra
<lb/>ham Barnett</persName> did obtain credit from them under false pretences and by means of fraud other than false pretences.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. R. D. Muir, Mr. Arthur Gill, and Mr. J. S. Oddie prose
<lb/>cuted; Mr. Dickens, K.C., Mr. Stephen Lynch, and Mr. P. R. Sim
<lb/>ner defended.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080041"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-136" type="surname" value="BOYLE"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-136" type="given" value="GEORGE INGLIS"/>GEORGE INGLIS BOYLE</persName> </hi>, messenger from the dejpartment of tile Registrar in Bankruptcy. I produce the file in prisoner's bank
<lb/>ruptcy. The petition was presented on March 22, the receiving order was made on March 24, and the adjudication took piece on to, same day. The cash account was filed on October 12, 1906, and of goods account on the same date (alter the prosecution had been commenced). The statement of affairs was filed on March 31 and an emended statement was filed on April 27. The file also contains the public examination on May 18 and the private examination on July 14 and 23.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-137" type="surname" value="GEMMELL"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-137" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK GEMMELL</persName> </hi>, corn merchant, 110, Fenchurch Street, B.C. I am a creditor in defendant's bankruptcy and was appointed trustee of his estate on June 16. I came into possession of a number of books and documents which belonged to him, a number of cashbooks, bought ledgers, a market book, a weighbridge book purporting to show the weight of goods weighed in the yard up to the date of the bank
<lb/>nsptoy, a number of receipts for goods, and some van sheets, purport
<lb/>ing to show some goods upon vans. There is no creditors' journal alter June 11, 1904. There is a work book down to August 2, 1903. The statement of affairs shows liabilities of £6, 829 6s. 6d. and assets ex
<lb/>fected to produce £1, 624 0s. 10d. In the amended statement of affairs of April the liabilities appear as £7, 438 1s. 2d. and the assets £1, 586 16s. 10d., showing a deficiency of £5, 881 4s. 4d. Of the assets unclosed nearly the whole amount represents horses, vans, and har
<lb/>ness, the only other assets being stock-in-trade £2, trade fixtures £3, sad book debts estimated to produce £6. The deficiency account filed by the debtor, purporting to be an account for the twelve months pre
<lb/>ceding the bankruptcy, commences with a deficiency—excess of liabili
<lb/>ties over assets on March 23, 1905, £3, 124 9s. 10d. About July certain information came into my possession which led me to apply for a private sitting to examine the bankrupt. A private examination of Mr. Battey, Mr. Milbank, and Mr. W. Bacon was also held. After that these proceedings were instituted under the direction of the Registrar by the Director of Public Prosecutions. The goods account, filed on October 12, 1906, purports to show the goods bought by the bankrupt from January 1, 1906, to the date of the bankruptcy, and totals £.43319s. 11d. The total of goods sold is £2,506 1s. 1d., exceeding the goods boutght by some £75. The items are not entered from day to day, but in lump sums under the names of the sellers and pur chasers for the whole period. In the cash book I find an enfry of the receipt of £190 from H. Barnett on February 8; on February 15 £200 from H. Donaldson; February 17, £60 from Hawkes; Feb
<lb/>ruary</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080042"/>
<p>19, £103 from Hawkes. On February 16 there is an entry of a cash payment of £42 11s. 7d. to G. Milbank; February 22, £1512 to Bacon; February 20, £26 2s. 3d. to Harris; February 24, £27 16s. 9d. to Harris; March 3, £5 12s. 2d. to Harris (not on the indict
<lb/>ment); February 20, £31 17s. 9d. to Miller; February 22, £14 19s. to Merton; February 27, £25 to Merton; March 3, £15 to Merton; February 22, £19 18s. 7d. to Campbell; March 3 and 6, payments of £19 19s. and £14 9s. to Phillips; March 6, £15 11s. to S. Carter; March 13, £9 to Hills. Mr. Gill said these comprised the charges in the indictment, but evidence would be given of a few others for the purpose of proving intention.] Under date February 22, I find a payment of £5 to Beales; February 27, £14 19s. to Beales; March 1, £5 to Beales; March 3, £5 to Beales; March 13, £5 15s. to Cole; March 8, £15 6s. 6d. to Kirby; March 3, G. Rich, £13 1s.; March 8, G. Rich, £5; March 1, Stephenson, £17 3s. 6d.; and March 3, £2 (Witness also gave evidence as to the public examination.)</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I knew Gibbs was an old employee of the bank
<lb/>rupt's father, who toad started in business for himself and was in
<lb/>debted to the bankrupt in a considerable sum. A private company was formed to carry on his business, and the bankrupt and a Mr. Wilson were directors, Wilson taking first debentures and the bank
<lb/>rupt second debentures. Mumford never told me that Wilson, know
<lb/>ing there was a heavy debit due to him, had promised that if he go 15s. in (the pound upon his first debentures he would make up the debt as far as he could that was owing from Gibbs to Mum
<lb/>ford. The debtor's business was a business in the Whitechapel hay and straw market. It is a largely-attended market and anybody can bring goods there. Mumford told me that one of the things be had bad to contend against was a very heavy rental of £570, and that prior to his bankruptcy he had been in negotiation with his father's trustees to get it reduced to £250. Arbitrators had been appointed, one making an estimate of £250 and the other an estimate of £320, the decision of the umpire being for £250. That would have given the bank a very good security for their £1,900, but upon the bankruptcy proceedings supervening the trustees would not pro
<lb/>ceed with the negotiations, and the result, was that the rental being as heavy as £570 the bankers did not stand upon their security, but proved for the £2,000 and the Official Receiver distrained on the lease. I know that when Gibbs wanted to enter into a contract for the supply of stone Wilson and Mumford became joint guarantees for £2,000. I understand that an action was brought against them on their guarantee and the money was paid, but Mumford owed Wilson his share, £1,000. I know that in January and February there were some serious failures in the corn tradepeople with whom Mumford had dealt and people in the trade began to be appre
<lb/>hensive. I agree that a consequence of that would probably be that in the case of a man having credit transactions if there was a doubt as to whether he would be the next to go he would find it very diffi
<lb/>cult</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080043"/>
<p>to get credit, and would have to go with cash in hand to buy.</p>
<p>After February, 1906, credit transactions with Mumford became very rare. He kept 14 horses, 12 of his own and two hired, which he fed out of the goods he bought. A large amount of hay and straw was seized under the distress for rent. I do not agree that a considerable amount of stock was sold at knock-out prices. I think some things fetched a very good price. There were 12 horses, 33 vans and trolleys, a (phaeton, and two traps, harness sheets, and all manner of stable sundries, a gas engine and chaff machine, a large number of sacks and a weighbridge. There was a large number of books, but as I said before the magistrate I could not tell whether there were 100 or 200. I know that furniture and other things were suddenly removed in order to prevent them being seized by the land
<lb/>lord or the Official Receiver. I have heard that the books were littered about all over the place. I was not appointed until three months afterwards, and all the books I know of were those which then came into existence. In the majority of instances the names of the people who sold do not appear in the weighbridge book. There are two weighbridge books, one weighbridge being used by the public. Tickets used to be taken by the carmen to persons to whom goods were supplied and signed for, and the counterfoil was brought back by the carman. The receipts produced do not purport to be receipts given to farmers who delivered goods. The cash book appears to have been balanced two or three times a week and the balance ear
<lb/>ned forward. The entries, whether accurate or not, must obviously have been made at the dates they purport to have been made, and not entered up afterwards. The market book purports to show the persons from whom goods were bought, and all the incriminated items are of that character. Prisoner debited himself with the goods on one side and credited himself with allowances for shortages and pay
<lb/>ments on the other. I know nothing about the system of book-keep
<lb/>ing except what I have been told and what I have seen from the books.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-138" type="surname" value="BATTEY"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-138" type="given" value="SAMUEL CHARLES"/>SAMUEL CHARLES BATTEY</persName> </hi>, Newington. I was in defendant's employ as clerk from January, 1900, to March of last year, and dealt with the books. The goods bought in the market were entered in the market book, which was kept by another clerk named Holtaway. That book gives the names of the senders of goods to the market, the quantities, and the destination. When goods were sold a ticket was made out and given to the carman by the market clerk. That ticket would show the name of the buyer, the quantity of the goods, and the description. In the case of goods bought on the market the name of the owner was always filled in, but when goods were sold from the yard no owner's name would be given. Payment would be entered on one of the tickets, and that would be a receipt for the goods. The practice of putting in the owner's name who sold goods to Mumford was not always carried out. When the goods were delivered the ticket was given to the farmer by the carman, and that was the receipt for the goods. Occasionally goods were sent to a customer</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080044"/>
<p>direct from the market, and in that case the customer's name would appear on the ticket. The tickets were printed as representing goods sold by Mumford, and they were occasionally used for the reverse process when he bought the goods, the name of the owner being fitted in in the left-hand top corner. The ticket would then be given to the farmer or his carman, so that he might take it away. The goods would be received before the ticket was given and unloaded in the yard. The farmer or carman would have no other receipt for his ticket. When the farmer or carman came to be paid the tickets would have to be produced. After they had been paid the tickets would be filed away in packets according to their dates. The weighbridge book, in the event of goods coming to the market, would contain the owner's name, the de
<lb/>scription and quantity of the goods, and the weight. I Was usually present when the weighing took place. In the oase of goods cleared frorr railways, or any goods brought in, except from the market, the names of owners were not given. I kept what was called the work book. In the ordinary course, I entered in that book the farmer's name, the quantity sent, sad the destination of the goods, also the description, whether hay, clover, or straw. A book similar to that produced was in use down to (the time of the bankruptcy. The van sheets showed the carman's name and the customer's name. The goods were kept in vans until they were sold. A green book was also kept, which was in the nature of a journal. Holtaway made it up It showed the farmer's name and the quantity and description of the goods as copied from the market book. The price is shown here, not in the market book. The numbers of the trucks are shown and the goods cleared from the railway are also given against the farmer's names. The bought ledger and the red cash book are in the hand
<lb/>writing of the defendant. The farmers' names are shown at the top. Down to February, 1906, it showed the names and addresses of those persons. It also shows the date of purchase, the quantity of the goods, description, price, and the extension on the debtor side. The other side of the account showed how the liability was discharged Payments were shown from time to time, and when weight was found to be short deductions were made in respect of the shortage. Down to the middle of February, 1906, the entries were made from the journal. After February 9 certain entries were given to me verbally by the defendant. I am not aware that before February, 1906, Mum
<lb/>ford made any entries himself in the bought ledger. I see in Mer
<lb/>ton's account, under February 17, an entry in my writing which was made on the verbal instructions of the defendant. I also find in the bought ledger the account of "Milbank, G., Duske's Farm, Rox
<lb/>well, Essex." That account was in existence in the year 1900, when I find entries of the purchase of straw and clover and payments on account by cheque. Between April 5, 1900, and February 12, 1906, there is no entry. In the latter year there is a series of entries in defendant's handwriting: "February 12.—Four loads hay, two loads clover, two loads hay. February 14.—Four loads hay, two</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080045"/>
<p>loads clover." On the other side, I find entry of cash payment on February 16, £42 11s. 7d., with an allowance of £1 8s. 5d. st: shortages. I have also taken out the acconnt of George Bacon, of Upney, Barking, also an old account. It shows purchases of hay in January, 1904, specified to be paid by cheque, and a further transaction in October, also paid by cheque. From that time there is a break till February, 1906, where entries occur in the handwriting of the defendant, the amount of the transactions being £15 12s. The account of G. Harris, Billeriray, is a new account opened in February, 1906, and the entries are some in the handwriting of the defendant and soma in mine. The entries of the purchase of two loads of hay on February 16, February 17, February 19, and February 20, and one load on February 21, are in the handwriting of the defendant, and also on the other side of the account the entries of the payment of £26 2s. 3d. in cash, and certain deductions for abort weight, amounting to 8s. 4d. and 9s. 10d. The subsequent entries were made by myself, upon the verbal instructions of Mumford. On February 24 there is a payment by cash £27 16s. 9d., sad on March 3, by cash, £5 12s. 2d. There is an account in the ledger in the name of H. J. Miller, Gardner's Farm, Theydon Gamon, opened on February 16. The account was opened in June, 1900, and runs down to August 25, 1904. Up to that time the payments ware generally made to Miller by cheque; there is one item by cash amount
<lb/>ing to £5 out of twelve transactions. Between August, 1904, and February, 1906, there is a break, and the entry on February 16 and he entries which follow are in the defendant's handwriting. There is an entry of four loads of hay, on February 16 two loads of clover, four loads on February 17 and one on the 19th, making a total of £31 15s. On the other side I find an entry. "By cash, £30 17s. 9d.," and the balance of 17a 3d. it shown to be discharged by short weight, of which particulars are given. I produce also a copy of this account of J. Merton, no address being given. The original entries are in my handwriting, and were made on the verbal instructions of the de
<lb/>fendant. The account was opened on February 17, and there is a series of purchases of hay, clover, and straw on that date, February 20, 22, 24. 27, and March 1. That account appears to have bean dis
<lb/>charged by a cash payment on February 24 for £14 19s., on Feb
<lb/>ruary 27 £25, and on March 3 £15. That was an entirely new account, and the following accounts are also new. Next there is an account of Campbell without either initial or address. It is in my handwriting, and entered on the verbal instructions of the defendant, The first entry it February 20, two loads of clover; February 22, four loads; total, £20, discharged by cash payments on February 22 of £19 18s. 7d., the balance of 1s. 5d. being discharged by shortage. There is also a sundries account, from which I find entered some purchases from Phillips. That I entered on verbal instructions at before. There are purchases on February 20 and 27, and on this other</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080046"/>
<p>side there purport to be payments from March 3 by cash £2 5s. 6d., March 5 and 6 by cash £14 9s. and £2 19s., and there are small re
<lb/>ductions in respect of shortages. The account of 8. Carter is another account I entered upon the verbal instructions of the defendant. This shows February 22 two loads of clover, February 24 two loads mix
<lb/>ture, February 27 two loads straw; total, £15 11s., paid on March 6 by cash. I also opened an account in the name of G. Hills, under similar instructions on March 10, 1906. On that day I entered a purchase of two loads of hay and two loads more on the 13th; total, £9, paid by cash on March 13. I opened an account, in the name of Cole under the same instructions, and made an entry under March 13 of the purchase of two loads of mixture, total £5 15s., discharged by cash on March 13. (Witness also gave similar details in regard to new accounts opened in the name of Kirby. Jackson, F. Beales, W. Rich, and Stevenson.) With the exception of the names of Bacon, Miller, Millbank. and Harris in the list of names I have mentioned, I do not know any of these persons, and cannot identify them in any way. Before the middle of February, when these accounts ap
<lb/>peared, I do not find accounts in the bought ledger without any addresses given with the exception of the sundries account. None of the accounts I have mentioned were entered in the market book-before they Vera entered in the ledger. The market book was usually entered up at the, time of the purchase of the goods. In the ordinary course it is the first entry of goods bought in the market. I have since entered them in the market book—some time after they were entered in the ledger; I could not say exactly how long. It was re
<lb/>versing the usual order of things to enter them in the market book after the entry in the bought ledger. Having entered them up in the ledger I wished to keep the record in order. The market book was kept by Holtaway. It begins on November 7, 1905, and I find that on no day are there purchases from more than two sellers before this down to February 17. According to the market book the only persons dealt with from November 7, 1905, to February 15, 1906, were Rey
<lb/>nolds, Law, King, and Rose. On February 16 the new names that I have enumerated appear—Harris, Merton, Beales, Campbell, Kirby, and so on. Purchases outside the market were not entered in the market book. The transactions in February, 1906, with Millbank appear to have been market transactions from the fact that they are in the ledger in which market purchases are entered, there being two bought ledgers. Milibank's should therefore have been included; so far as I can find, none of these parcels in this multiplicity of accounts are entered in the weighbridge book as having been weighed. On February 20, according to the market book, there were purchase from Reynolds and King. These are entered in Holtaway's han
<lb/>writing. Then follow the entries of purchases from Beales. Camp
<lb/>bell, Harris, and Merton entered by myself. We have a wharf at Blarkwall, and goods from the wharf are not entered in the market book. The only entry in the weighbridge book which corresponds</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080047"/>
<p>with an entry in the bought ledger is that of Reynolds, That was not a market transaction. If it had been the farmer's name would have been given. Taking the weighbridge book generally from the middle of February up to the bankruptcy I find that the names of king, Reynolds, and Rose appear from day to day, but none of the other names we have been speaking about. I have looked through the tickets in the possession of the trustee, those are receipts given to the farmers and then returned to the file, but I have not been able to find any of the tickets corresponding with any of the alleged pur
<lb/>chases which are in dispute. I have also looked through the bundle of van sheets in the trustee's possession, but have not been able find amongst them the names of any of these persons. I have made out a list of the goods purchased by defendant from February 9 until the bankruptcy. I find that a good many of the tickets and van sheets are missing. I have extracted the purchases from the bought ledger. The total quantity of straw in trusses bought by the defen
<lb/>dant during that period was 6,655 trusses. The quantity of straw on the vans on the morning of February 9 was 1,061, together a total of The quantity of hay for the same period is 11,887 trusses, making with the quantity on the vans on the morning of February 9 (665 trusses), a total of 12,535. In addition, there would probably be other stock in the sheds. The quantity of chaff for the same period was 300 bags.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, January 9.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-139" type="surname" value="BATTEY"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-139" type="given" value="SAMUEL CHARLES"/>SAMUEL CHARLES BATTEY</persName> </hi>, recalled. As to the statement that none of the names I gave yesterday appear in the weighbridge book during the period from February 9 to the bankruptcy, there is one exception, the name of Phillips appearing on March 12. That, however, relates to the weighing of rags, and that if the solitary instance in which one of these names occur. The weighing to rags would be done on our public weighbridge. Since the case was before the magistrate I have endeavoured to trace the source from which the goods came that were sold by defendant from February 9 onwards, but I have been unable to trace them to any of the persons whose names are inserted in the bought ledger. I have seen Mumford's pass book at the London City and Midland Bank. On February 17 there is a cheque to Henry King, who is the person mentioned in the market book as supply
<lb/>ing straw. I find cheques from the same person on March 1 and 7 0 March 2 there is a cheque (for £15 to Rose, who is a farmer, and supplied goods to Mumford from November, 1906, to the bankruptcy. On March 6 there is a cheque for £15, and on March 9 a cheque for £5. On March 6 there is a payment to Reynolds of £15. Reynolds is a farmer who supplied goods. There are also cheques to Messrs. Abbot, a firm of hay dealers, and to Marriage and Neave, a London firm of grain merchants and others. Defendant took receipts for money paid, and I have a bundle of them before me. These relate to goods brought from the railway and from firms in</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080048"/>
<p>London, but he did not always take receipts for money when the goods were bought on the market.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The receipts are within the period between Feb
<lb/>ruary 9 and March 23. I believe that Abbot and Co. would not sup ply any goods after the beginning of February unless a cheque was sent. Marriage, Neave, and Co. also refused to supply unless a cheque was sent, and the same with Rose. It was not the ordinary custom to give receipts for cash paid for goods bought on the market I know of very little money paid in the market, as most of the money was paid in the office. Sometimes a load of stuff would come to the yard without having been to the market at all. There would be a formal receipt if we bought on credit, but none would be given if cash direct was paid. I was not, however, on the market very often; My duties were entirely connected with the books. I entered into the ledger, and once every two or three months Mumford and I would check the cash book with the ledger. The cash book was entirely in his writing, and showed the money he had paid out and received on the market. The bought and sold ledgers were the ordi
<lb/>nary ledgers showing the goods bought and sold. The premises in the Commercial Road consisted of offices, stables, and lofts; there was a depot at 242 Commercial Road for the chaff, and we also had a wharf. Goods from the wharf or rail would be fetched in defen
<lb/>dant's carts or vans, and would sometimes be brought to the yard and sometimes taken direct to the market, and sometimes sent direct customers. I remember Friday, March 23, when the vane were taken away. Up to that time goods were being bought and sold in small quantities. As a salesman, Mumford had a stand appro
<lb/>priated to himself, at which he could have 30 vans. Farmers would sometimes send their carts straight to his stand and the goods would then be shifted from their vans into his own and taken straight away from the market to his customers. Our market stand was in Goulston Street, and defendant was frequently under contract to deliver goods. I cannot say that some of the goods pur
<lb/>chase never came to the yard at all. I do not know whether it was the practice for Mumford to tranship into his own vans; that is not done on the market, but it was sometimes done in the yard The market is about 300 yards from the yard. I was at the yard prac
<lb/>tically all day. I think very little stuff was actually bought on the market. Very few farmers sent; only four altogether, as far as I know. There were failures on the market in January and February, but I am not aware that there was any panic and that people with whom Mr. Mumford dealt refused to supply him in consequence. I knew Badcock; his supply was about £400 a month. It was after the defendant's bills had been returned dishonoured that they refused to supply him on or about the middle of February. Farmers would sometimes come straight to the yard, where their goods would be un
<lb/>loaded and put in the loft, missing the market altogether. As a rule I had nothing to do with the market book, but I made entries</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080049"/>
<p>when they had been omitted in cases where goods came direct to the yard and missed the market. Mumford would sometimes write In
<lb/>structions about transactions which were to be entered on a slip of paper. If there was no entry in the market book there could be no entries in the ledger, except upon the instructions he gave, or if goods came to the yard in a farmer's cart, that would be a market entry. A purchase from a salesman outside the market could not be a market entry at all, and would go into the rail-bought ledger, whether it had come by rail or not. There are a good many instances where there is not record of where the goods went. There is no entry with respect to goods that went into the yard. The market book showed the destinations for the time being, and the other book would show ulti
<lb/>mate destinations. The weighbridge book was kept by other people besides myself. If a farmer brought a van of goods to the yard and was paid for them in cash the goods were weighed and put into the weigh book. I used to go to the yard at seven o'clock on two morn
<lb/>ings in the week, and at nine o'clock the other mornings, taking it in turns with the other two clerks. I do not remember vane coming before nine. There were eight or nine carmen in February, as far as I can remember. There is no weighbridge at the market. There are many cases in which the owner's name does not appear in the weigh
<lb/>bridge book. I cannot say whether out of 324 weighbridge tickets in 1906 there are 301 on which there is no owner's name, but you may take it from me that there is very large proportion. That occurs in all railway cases, but in the case of farmers the name is always mentioned. The tickets, "Received from Mumford and Son," etc. were in some instances a record of short weight. The ticket became a receipt by Mutnford by changing "from" into "by." The van sheets are a record of all the goods on the vans in the early morning, and do not show how many journeys a van makes in a day, or what goods are put into the vans in the course of the day. The sheet of Surridge, one of the carmen (produced) shows how many journeys a van makes; for instance, one sheet shows that on February 19 a van went out at 7.5 a.m., came back at 9.45 a.m., went out at 9.50 a.m., came back at 11 a.m., went out at 11.50 a.m., came back at 3 5 p.m., went out 3.10 p.m., and came back at 6.50 p.m. As to the bought ledger, I elated I did not know of any cases in which Mum
<lb/>ford used to make entries in the bought ledger. (Defendant Was handed the bought ledger and proceeded to mark entries he had made between May 31 and June 21, 1904, between July 2 and July 12 and various other dates in that year and in 1903 and in 1905.) The entries in the dates marked by Mumford are in my handwriting, but the prices entered are in his. I did not know the prices at which the goods were bought. Mumford may have made some entries when I wee on my holidays. I see that it does contain entries of goods as well as prices made by Mumford. He had a safe in his office. I do not know that when he went on the market he used to take cash out of his safe for the necessary disbursements. I was</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080050"/>
<p>always at the market before he went there. I could not tell from his private cash book what payments he had made on the market as was kept in the private office and I seldom saw it. I could see from the other cash book that he was making money payments. Dur
<lb/>ing the latter part of February up to March 23 the business was going on in the ordinary course. During the last fortnight in Feb
<lb/>ruary hay was being delivered at the yard from the railway, I think. I do not recollect from farmers. It is not the fact that during Feb
<lb/>ruary and March the rail and the wharf business very largely de
<lb/>creased and the business was done more from the market and fanners' carts. I do not recollect, but the carmen would know. Q. If all the purchases during that fortnight, which contain seven market days, are, as alleged, fictitious, the only hay purchased during that period is 4 1/2 loads in 15 days. Do you mean to pledge your word that that was all the hay that was purchased during that fortnight?—From the market, yes. If the carters say there were several loads coming each market day in carts which were not Mumford's, they must have been farmer's goods. I know that in respect of any trans
<lb/>actions on the market toll has to be paid, but not on rail or wharf goods. I have heard that during the fortnight toll was being paid on something like 70 loads of hey. I should have nothing to do with the unloading beyond giving orders. The entries as to the incrimi
<lb/>nated purchases were made by me except in four instances. I was not sway from the office at any time in February. If Mumford liked to make entries in the bought ledger of course he could do so. It did not strike me as odd. He did not leave the instructions as to the new accounts on a slip of paper on my desk, but told me about them verbally. I did that quite honestly, and thought it was quite an honest transaction, but it struck me as peculiar. I knew there had been difficulties by reason of some of the people having refused supplies Which should have come through the ordinary channels. I cannot recollect whether on the morning of Friday, March 23, vans went out delivering goods. The vans were taken away on the evening of that day after the place was closed. I did not know then that was done for the benefit of the creditors in order that the landlord should not get the full value. I find that the sales of March 22 were recorded in the day book, but there is no record of business done on March 23. As to my statement that I cannot trace some of the goods sold to their source, some of the day sheets are missing; about nine or 10. as far as I can remember. Among Mumford's customers were Lloyd and Son, Mscnamara and Co., Probyn and Co., Harbrow, Trueman, the Hackney Furnishing Company, Leftwich, White, Oakley, King. Chandley and Bossey. We sold mostly in London. The sales to these people were going on during February and March under yearly contracts. The sheets necessary to trace goods to their source are the van sheets and the work lists or day sheets. The work sheets give the details of the day's work. They only show what a carman took out and whom he took goods to. The day book would show the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080051"/>
<p>name of the farmer who sold and the destination of the goods. De
<lb/>tails of the whole work done are put into the day book and the farmer's name is given for every individual item. The work book is not forthcoming. I do not pretend that I can show the source of all the goods delivered.</p>
<p>Re-examined. If I had the day book which is missing I should be able to trace the source of all the sales in February and March. The old day book (produced) shows the vendor from whom Mumford pur
<lb/>chased. As far as I can recollect the current work book was on the premises when I left on Friday, March 23, at six o'clock. I kept the book. I cannot recollect whether I made any entries on that day. The entries were made daily, and if there had been any business done—I should have made entries on that day. When I went back on the morning of the 24th the place had been cleared out with the exception of the books, which were scattered all over the floor. Borne of the—work sheets and carmen's sheets being missing, there is no document Which would assist me in tracing the source of the sales. From the sheets which are not missing I am unable to trace the names of Harris,. Campbell, and the Others, as the source from which the goods came. With regard to the tickets, when used as receipts) by Mumford the word "by" was not always struck through, and would therefore appear as a receipt by Mumlord and Sons. (Witness was examined upon a number of tickets with a view to ascertaining whether they showed the name of the vendor.) The name of the vendor was shown in the case of market transactions, but not in the case of goods re
<lb/>ceived from the railways, the name of the station consigned to being then given. With regard to Beales and others, the short weight shown on the ticket would have been recorded in the weight book if there had been a genuine transaction, but there is no trace of them in the weight book at all. Payment by cheque was the ordinary method before the bills were dishonoured about the middle of Feb
<lb/>ruary, and that caused some customers to refuse to supply goods except upon payment. I know nothing of any panic on the hay, market. As to the statement that entries were sometimes made in the market book when goods missed the market, it was sometimes arranged that farmers should bring goods direct to the yard; in that case they would not go to the market, having been already bought, but would go forward. I would also make entries in the market book when there bad been an omission to enter a purchase made on the market. February, 1906, was the first time I made entries of this particular class in the bought ledger, which is also called the market ledger. No goods are entered in that except goods that come from farmers or are bought in the market. Goods coming from other sources, the railway and from other salesmen, are entered in a ledger of their own. The premises were open at six in the morning, and the men got ready for bringing the horses out. Hay was very seldom brought in between six and seven. If there was it would be weighed</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080052"/>
<p>by the man in charge, the stableman, or the yard foreman. There was always a clerk at the yard at seven o'clock. Witness gave forthr evidence as to the entry of goods and prices in the bought ledger by defendant. Asked as to the practice with regard to tolls, he said the practice was to make a number of entries not always agreeing with the goods sold, so as to make a good show, as though some business had been done. The toll was sevenpence per load of hay and one penny per load of straw.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-140" type="surname" value="MILBANK"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-140" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE MILBANK</persName> </hi>, farmer, Duke's Farm, Roxwell, Essex. I have known defendant for some years, and have upon occasion sold hay an straw to brim, the last time being seven or eight years ago. I did not sell him any on February 16 last, and did not receive a sum of £42 11s. 7d. from him on or about that date.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. There are other farmers named Milbank. In my dealings with Mumford I have found him to be a straight man. I have dealt with the firm for perhaps 20 years.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-141" type="surname" value="HOLTAWAY"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-141" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD HOLTAWAY</persName> </hi>, Carlisle Road, Manor Park. I was in defen
<lb/>dant's employ from January, 1896, till the bankruptcy, as clerk and traveller. Amongst other duties I attended the market, going there about 9 or 9.15, Mumford coming about 10 o'clock. I remained with him all the time he was at the market unless he sent me away with a message or something of that sort. I kept the market book produced, which shows transactions from November 7 to the time of the bankruptcy. There are entries of purchases from Reynolds, Law. Rose, and King, mostly in my handwriting, but some in Battey's. I never knew of any other names but those four. I saw the goods in nearly every case. I did not know Beales, Campbell, Carter, Cole, Hills, Harris, Jackson, Kirby, Merton, Matthews, Mil-bank, Phillips, Rich, or Stephenson, nor anything of the transactions with them shown in the ledger. Battey kept the work book, from which I used to book up my ledger. I last saw the work book on the evening of Friday, May 23. It was then on the desk. I never saw in the work book any of the names you have mentioned. I have made out an account of Mumford's sales from February 9, 1906, to March 22, at the request of the Treasury. The quantity of straw sold during that period was 6,332 trusses; hay, 7,362 trusses; chaff, 240 bags.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I cannot say if the object of getting out these purchases and sales was to try to show that alter making every allowance there was a surplus unaccounted for. I should think the list took me a day and a half to make out. (Witness was Cross-examined as to the details of the account.) I have not credited the sale of 60 bags of chaff to Robert Boulter on March 22, it not being in the ledger. If it had been carried out in the ledger I should have done so certainly. I have not in the hay account credited 18 trusses to Davis on February 27. I have not credited on March 22 36 trusses of clover and 72 of hay sold to Osmond. These are in the day book, but not entered in the ledger. An entry on February 20 for three loads of hay, representing 121 sold to Leftwich, is by error entered</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080053"/>
<p>as 12. In the day book there is an entry in March of 60 bags of chaff to Sheehan and Sons, but the last entry in the ledger it Feb
<lb/>ruary 24. (Witness made similar admissions with regard to 40 25. trusses of hay to Lipton, February 24, this item being tower in 26. the ledger, 40 bags of chaff to Dotheridgo, March 22, 65 trusses to 27. Young and Co., February 14.) I have given no credit for any part 28. of the purchases which has been used for the horses. A large quan
<lb/>tity 29. of chaff was seized at the depot, and I believe there was a good 30. deal of damaged stuff in the lofts. On the morning of March 23 31. there were a few carts going out as usual, but the amounts of the sales 32. have not been credited to Mumford. Some of the vans taken away 33. by the Official Receiver had goods on them; these also have not been 34. credited. With regard to straw, 43 cwt to Dickerson is not included 35. in my account, though it is in the ledger. That was rye straw. I 36. do not recollect whether I have omitted all the rye straw. I had a 37. good deal to do at the time, and that might account for some of the 38. mistakes. (Witness admitted other errors.) Sometimes the market 39. overflowed into the surrounding streets. Mumford had a stand for 40. 25 vans. There were some very big salesmen there. Anybody could, 41. ring goods on to the market if they paid the tolls. Any transaction 42. that did not come under my own observation would have to be in
<lb/>serted 43. in the market book on information given by Mumford. I 44. never knew the names in these transactions which are now incrimi
<lb/>nated. 45. I did not know at the time that these transactions had taken 46. place. There were two safes. Mumford has sent me to hit private 47. safe to get cash when he has been on the market, but only a few 48. pounds. There was no entry made in the market book except of 49. goods that came on to the market, so that if he made a private bar
<lb/>gain 50. and the goods went to the yard it would not appear unless he 51. gave instructions regarding it. Hay and straw were being unloaded 52. from farmers' carts in February and March, but I should not say in 53. any considerable quantity. It is the practice with regard to 54. tolls to increase the actual quantity payable, and to make. the names illegible 55. in order not to show who the customers are, and also to give 56. imaginary names as vendors.</p>
<p>(Thursday, January 10.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-142" type="surname" value="BATTEY"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-142" type="given" value="SAMUEL CHARLES"/>SAMUEL CHARLES BATTEY</persName> </hi>, recalled. Since the previous day I have been through the whole of the bundles of tickets, and and up to the end of 1905 that 23 of them are receipts for goods received by Mumford and Sons. Three receipts in 1906 relate to the receipt of goods making in all 26. The bulk of the tickets, therefore, are receipts for goods sent out by Mumford. I have traced the entries in the market book, which are admitted to be genuine transactions, and have been able to trace the tickets relating to some of them, those cases in which the farmer has not been paid for the goods and has not returned the receipts. The names of the vendors in those cases</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080054"/>
<p>are Reynolds, Rose, and King. Either the farmer has not applied for the money or has not handed in his tickets. Those accounts are still open and the farmer holds the ticket as his voucher. In all the other instances I have found tickets, and in each the name of the farmer is on the ticket. In making out my list of goods purchased from February 9 to March 2, I included the chaff, which I found to be 300 bags. In addition there were on the vans on the morning of February 9 214 'bags. The carman's sheets were made out by the three clerks at various times. Carmen's sheets were made out for March 22 and 23, and show that there were carted away from the premises 44 trusses of hay and 202 trusses of straw on March 22, and 100 bags of chaff and 39 trusses of hay on the 23rd, also corn and bran. As to the suggestion (that there was a considerable quantity of hay and straw coming from other dealers and railway stations in the six weeks previous to the bankruptcy, the records are to be found on the van sheets and day book, and also in the missing work book. To (take an instance, the carman's sheet for February 28 shows that 60 trusses of hay were carted from Commercial Road Railway Station and six (bales of rye straw. There is no market case on the sheet. There is a market case on February 24, when there was loaded oj van 72 trusses of hay from Reynolds. I know what the horses consumed, as I had the ordering of the stuff. They would consume is a week about 60 trusses of hay and clover, about seven sacks of corn, and 14 trusses of straw.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. There is no record of what the horses consumed, but they always had the same amount. The sheets show the source of the loads. Taking Surridge's sheet for February 28, it shows 63 trusses of barley straw from loft; second and third journeys, also from the loft; fourth occasion from the Commercial Road Station. I did not say the vendors' names were given on these sheets. I can trace two instances to the vendor which came direct to the yard and were (loaded on to the vans. The one from Reynolds is a market entry, but I cannot say whether the stuff went to the market or not I also trace 72 trusses of hay from King.</p>
<p>Re-examined. The market book shows a purchase from Reynolds on February 24, 72 trusses of hay, which corresponds with the car man's sheet. I find also two purchases from King, 72 of straw, corresponding with the carman's sheet. Those are both marked, "Purchases in the market."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-143" type="surname" value="HOLTAWAY"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-143" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD HOLTAWAY</persName> </hi>, recalled. For the purpose of making out a list of the sales from February 9 to the date of the bankruptcy, I was supplied with a copy of defendants goods account, which purported to show all the sales he had made from January 1, but did not go further than March 20. I subsequently made an analysis of it under the head of hay, straw, etc. As to the 60 bags of chaff to Boulter, the date of that transaction being March 22, it is not is my account at all. The 18 trusses of hay to Davies, of Feather Mills appears under straw. The sale to Osmond, of March 22, is also not</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080055"/>
<p>in the account supplied to me. As to Leftwich, I have put 121 trusses of hay in the original statement, and that it appears as 12 trusses in the analysis is the fault of the copyist. The tale to Lipton of February 24 was omitted from the original account, so does not appear in the analysis. The sale to Dotteridge is not in the goods account, and the same observation applies to others. I cannot speak as to the quantity consumed by the horses. As to damaged stuff, have always seen some in the stores that has not been used. I should say it had been there some months. It was of value, as at times it could be mixed with good stuff. The entries of the stuff that went away on March 22 and 23 are respectively in Battey's hand
<lb/>writing and myself. They read ell that went out. I appear to have been on duty early that morning. That is all that I sent away. Mumford used to leave overnight instructions as to vans going to certain customers. A van never left the yard without an entry being made. As regards the straw, the two bales of rye straw to Dickerson on February 17 is not in the goods account, nor are the 36 trusses of straw on February 24. (Witness was further examined in great de
<lb/>tail on the particulars of the account.) As to the statement that lage sums of money were taken to the market out of the safe by Mumford, I never knew him to keep any large amount of cash in his safe. He has sent me once or twice to take money from a little canvas bag that he kept to take out money, but I never knew him to have more than three or four sovereigns and some silver in it. He used to go or send to the bank and cash cheques payable to self. I believe I have sometimes taken out £40 in gold. It was a practice to enter in the toll book more goods than were in fact purchased on the market. If I had really nothing to enter I would enter perhaps 10 loads. The toll was 7d. for hay and 1d. for straw—a very small matter. The object of that, I suppose, was that Mr. Mum-ford wished to pay his fair share of the tolls, and, not baffling much to enter, he entered more. The toll book is not, therefore, a trustworthy record of the business done on the market. When I put down unintelligible or fictitious names I make them up often out of my own head. I have known of goods bought on the market on the farmers' vans being transhipped on to Mumford's wane without their going to the market and being weighed.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-144" type="surname" value="MILLER"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-144" type="given" value="HENRY JOHN"/>HENRY JOHN MILLER</persName> </hi>, Gardner's Farm, Garnon, Essex. I know the defendant, and have supplied him with goods. I did not supply him with hay and clover on February 16, 17, and 19, 1906. I did not receive from him on February 20 a sum of £30 17s. 9d. The last transaction I had with him was about two years ago.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-145" type="surname" value="BACON"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-145" type="given" value="WALTER GEORGE"/>WALTER GEORGE BACON</persName> </hi>, 3, Sparshott Road, Barking. My father, the late Mr. Benjamin Bacon, hay dealer, Upney Farm, near Bark
<lb/>ing, supplied hay to Mumford. My father died on January 5, 1902, out had not carried on business since 1900. I do not know of any other Mr. Baron, of Upney. I did not receive £15 12s. from defen
<lb/>dant on February 12 of last year, nor supply him with any hay in that month.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080056"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-146" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-146" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM HARRIS</persName> </hi>, corn and hay merchant, 23, Victoria Road. Rom
<lb/>ford, and of Jackson's Farm, Billericay, also gave negative evidence in regard to supplying and receiving money from the defendant in March last.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-147" type="surname" value="EDE"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-147" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD EDE</persName> </hi>, clerk in the Whitechapel branch of the London and Westminster Bank, produced a copy of defendants account from November 1, 1905, to March 23,1906, showing that the last payment into the account was on February 14, 1906, of £10 17s. 6d., which cancelled the overdraft, and left a balance of £1 16s. 5d. to his cedit, also a list of cheques, 13 in number, dishonoured by the Bank in December. January, February, representing a total of £893 16s. After February 14 the account was not operated upon in any way.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Some of the dishonoured cheques were taken up.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-148" type="surname" value="SADLER"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-148" type="given" value="JAMES ANDREW"/>JAMES ANDREW SADLER</persName> </hi>, cashier in the Whitechapel branch of the London City and Midland Bank, produced a copy of defendant's account.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-149" type="surname" value="NORMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-149" type="given" value="WILLIAM DAVID"/>WILLIAM DAVID NORMAN</persName> </hi>, of Norman and Son, 34, King Street, Cheapeide, spoke be his firm having received instructions from King and Hudson to levy a distress for rent at 242, Commercial Road, on behalf of the landlord. They took possession on March 7, 1906, and eventually sold the stock upon the premises.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-150" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-150" type="surname" value="SELL"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-150" type="given" value="WILLIAM ROWLAND"/>WILLIAM ROWLAND SELL</persName> </hi>, horse auctioneer, Royal City Repository, Barbican, spoke to taking possession of defendant's goods at 63, Com
<lb/>mercial Road, on March 13. These included some clover and straw, and the horses and vans used in the business.</p>
<p>Detective Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN ASHLEY</hi>, Criminal Investigation Depart
<lb/>ment, New Scotland Yard, spoke to making investigations as to the whereabouts of a number of persons selling hay and straw on the Whitechapel Market. He was unable to trace anyone of the name of Beales, Campbell, S. Carter, Jackson, Kerby, or Merton. He found traces of a person named Phillips, who committed suicide on March 14, 1903. He formerly resided at Muckingford, in Essex. He found one Rich at The Pines, Alexandra Road, Romford. Ste
<lb/>phenson he could not trace.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. He found a great number of Milbanks. They seemed to be all over the place.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-151" type="surname" value="RICH"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-151" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE RICH</persName> </hi>, cattle salesman, The Pines, Romford, deposed that he had never had dealings in hay or straw with Mr. Mumford.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-152" type="surname" value="CARTWRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-152" type="given" value="FREDERIC LEONARD"/>FREDERIC LEONARD CARTWRIGHT</persName> </hi>, an official shorthand writer of the Bankruptcy Court, testified to the accuracy of the transcripts of de
<lb/>fendant's public and private examinations.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-153" type="surname" value="MUMFORD"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-153" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES MUMFORD</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). Prior to my bankruptcy, I had carried on business as a hay and straw salesman at Whitechapel Market. My stables and yard at 63, Commercial Road were at some distance from the market. It was usual for salesmen, as occasion</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080057"/>
<p>required, to use each other's weighbridges, for which a fee of 3d. would be paid. My books show that a large portion of my hay pur
<lb/>chases were turned into chaff at the depot, 242, Commercial Road. Hay sometimes went direct to the depot. In 1896 my father retired, an I took over the business of Mumford and Son for £10,000, the terms being that I was to pay 10 per cent, and pay off the purchase money by instalments of £100 as I could. The premises were rented at £570 a year, and I mortgaged the lease to my father as security for the £10,000. The market has an old charter, and last year Goulston Street, where my stand was, and some adjoining streets were recognised in the decision of the High Court. It is an open market, and any farmers or others can bring hay and straw to that market. At the time my father died I had paid off £700 of the purchase money. My father left me £5,000, so that at that time I was owing £300 to his executors. In order to get a remission of the 10 per cent. I borrowed the money of the London and West
<lb/>minster Bank at 1 per cent, over the Bank rate. Paying the bank off by instalments of £250. I reduced the amount to £1,200 In the year 1900, but I had reason to again increase the loan, and at the date of the bankruptcy I owed £1,900. The business proceeded in the ordinary way down to January last. Then there were bad times in connection with the trade which caused some uneasiness on the market, and we were all looking out as to who would be going next. A number of people stopped sending me hay and straw; others continued to send for cash only. That position of affairs affected me. Among those who stopped sending were Ridgley and Sons, of King's Cross, London agents for Keeble Brothers, E. Underwood and Sons, and Gammon Gammon's account was about £160 a month. Rose and Sons continued to supply for cash against goods. Badcock's also stopped sending. Their account was, roughly, between £400 and £600 a month; it would vary. I had contracts running at the time for the supply of various yards and big consumers, and it was necessary for me to supply these people, and I looked round and got supplies wherever I could. That, of course, put me to some financial trouble, and I borrowed £190 from Mr. Barnett, £200 from M. Donaldson in cash, and £60 from Mr. Hawkes between February 8 and 17, which was the crucial time with me. I had been with the London and Westminster Bank a good many years, and had a large account with them. About that time a new manager was appointed. I had an overdraft, and about February 12 they intimated to me that they would not allow the overdraft to continue. At that time I was paying off the loan at the rate of £75 per month in two monthly in
<lb/>stalments of £37 10s., which were deducted from the account as they fell due. The last payment in was one of about £10 on Feb
<lb/>ruary 12.</p>
<p>(Friday, January 11.)</p>
<p>From the time of my last payment to the London and Westminster Bank I paid cash for my purchases, except on a very few occasions.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080058"/>
<p>As to the practice in purchasing, goods would come to the market, and as soon as they were delivered I should pay cash for them. Sometiimes goods did not go to the market at all. I might, perhaps, be walking down the road after the market was over and see three or four loads standing at one of my neighbour's stands. Then a man would come across and say, "Can you do with these, Mr. Mumford?" "Yes, what price?" and we should agree a price. Generally I got them for a bit less than was asked, have them put down in the yard, unload them, and pay him for them. Or they might be sent to the chaff depot without coming to the yard at all. Sometimes I would buy from sample, or I might say to a well-known sender attending the market, "Can you let me have a couple of waggons of best meadow next market day?" and they would come to the yard in the early morning and be unloaded, or it might be part of a rick I was offered, say, at 60s., and I would say, "What are you talking about? The out-side value of it is 55s" It usually resulted in a deal, and the owner would be told where to send to. At the market the goods would be transferred from the sender's vans on to mine. The unloading might be done in Goulstone Street or Commercial Road or any side street I prefer sending to customers in my own carts to sending in other people's. We are allowed an hour after the market is closed. If a man has not sold by that time a price is arranged, and he generally agrees to reduce the figure. I might perhaps be asked to give a price for the remainder of a rick or for a whole rick, and that would be stuff not bought on the market at all. In such a case I should make a note of the transaction on a slip of paper and place it on Battey's desk for him to enter up. I had my own private market book, which, unfortunately, is missing. If it was here I could clear myself in a moment. If a transaction did not take place on the market it could not possibly get into the market book unless I gave instructions for it to be put there, because it would not be seen by the clerk. In some in
<lb/>stances I should book direct into the goods bought book and I should report to Holtaway that I had bought so-and-so and put a slip on Battey's desk for him to see that it was booked into the ledger in the proper manner. I could not run away with these loads. There are a great many of these slips. I did not have time to thoroughly search all these papers. There are two great boxes full, but we did find a considerable number, and there is any amount more. It would have taken us no end of time to find all these papers, but they are there. (A number of slips were produced.) If I wanted to know a thing was done I wrote instructions on a slip and popped it on a file. I do not stop in the office all day; I am travelling about, and I leave in
<lb/>structions in the office. In the market book which I carried I entered every transaction I had on the market. For 30 years I have carried these books. As to the removal of the furniture and so on, on Friday night. March 23, I went home at my usual time. On Saturday morning when I arrived the gates were locked and everything cleared out. The vans and horses were pone. In the office were my two safes and my two desks, and all over the place was strewed with books and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080059"/>
<p>papers. I went to the safes and got out the books and put them on the table, but I was broken-hearted, and I walked away. I went on to the market, as the Official Receiver had told me the day before he would send the clerk up with the wages, because I had told him I had not got any money. I was told the man had the money for the wages. The windows of the office, which were up to my chest, were one mass of books and papers. I never looked at them. I was too upset and went off home. The private market book I was in the habit of keeping on my desk in the private office, not in the safe. It was open for anyone to see, and the petty cash book as well. The re
<lb/>moval of the furniture was done by the Official Receiver, who sent an army of men, who ransacked the place and tore it about. On the Friday night everything was there. There was not a single book or paper touched when they came and took possession. I never touched one on the Saturday. Why should I? If I had touched one I would be guilty, but I am not In the private market book there were two columns, and I used to start the day with the cash in hand—£10 0s. 7d., or whatever it was. After my troubles had commenced, I took considerable sums on to the market, but before that I could walk into the bank and draw what I wanted. When I got on to the market a man might come along and say, "Will you buy this P "Yes; want your money?" As soon as it is unloaded." They would be unloaded, I would pay, and away the man would go. Then I might purchase something else, and make a note of that so as to keep the accounts absolutely accurate. That is how my market book was carried out—an absolute record of the work that I did. I myself posted the market book into the white cash book, which was a record of moneys paid out. This latter book was balanced every Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday after I left the market. The red cash book would be posted from the white cash book, and occa
<lb/>sionally entries would go direct into the red book. The market book would also contain credit transactions. The balance shown in the white cash book after market day would go direct into the safe. Transactions after market or on non-market days which would not reach that book were entered in the red cash book. The red book contained everything that appeared in the white book, and also all the transactions done on or off the market, and also cheques received or paid and cash sundries from the day book. From these books entries were made by the clerks into what are known as the bought and sold ledgers. I have many, many times posted entries in the ledgers. It was my contiinual custom in the morning. The green bought book should show all the goods coining to me by road or rail, from the wharf, or anywhere, but it is missing. The real name for it is the bought day book, not the creditors' journal. The creditors' journal would apply to things that were not cash; supposing the Great Eastern Railway advised us of things coming to-day; that is booked into the rail book, and that rail book is a record of the trucks that arrive. That book is also missing, and what I want to know is, why? The information contained in that book can be obtained by anybody</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080060"/>
<p>from the railway companies. I produce one of my old market books which will show you I am telling you the truth. Every scrap of this is in my handwriting. The clerk's market book contains what he saw and what I told him to enter. Holtaway would go on to the market with this book under his arm; perhaps nothing had arrived at the time I got there, somewhat later; he would make a note of what was arriving in the book, or if I told him to book anything he would book it, if he had missed it or I had sent him away at the time. If I bought off some one else's stand that would not necessarily get into his book at all. If it was after four o'clock he would perhaps be gone, if it was his day off, and it would be sufficient to have that booked in the green book without troubling him about it at all, as I do not psy toll on that. If I bought goods forward to arrive at a certain time they would not go into the book at all. The object of the tickets is that the entries in the books may be promptly checked, and then they have to be filed. They are receipts from customers, because it is a proof that the goods have been delivered. The form was not applic
<lb/>able to goods bought, but it might have been used occasionally. It is not the custom to give receipts for goods bought in the market unlets a man asks for a receipt. I have some gentlemen coming who will prove that Neither is it customary to give receipts for money. Those that you showed me yesterday were instances where customers insisted upon having money before they delivered the goods, in consequence of the position I was in, and the others are where they sent the receipti back afterwards, or gave them at the time, but we have never asked for a receipt for money. The van sheets show what is on the vans on the morning of tlhat diay. These lists were made out overnight and con-leted the next morning. I was an honourable man and wanted to complete my contracts. To keep my name I must keep them going. It was essential in order to keep my customers to get goods somewhere. If I did not carry ouit my contract I should not get an order for the following week. As to weighing, if goods were brought from the rail, say the Devonshire Street Station of the Great Eastern Railway, and loaded on our vans, they would be weighed on our bridge to show that the quantity they had brought home was correct. Sometimes they never came to the yard at all, but went to other firms to be weighed. The weighbridge book does not in any way represent the amount of business done from day to day. We weighed for other people and the public weighings are three to one of our own. The amount paid by those who used the weighbridge appears in the cash book. Once a week or once a fortnight it should have been paid. With regard to the advances I received, the £200, £190. and £60, Barnett's £190 on February 9 is the first entry under the balance, £59 7s. 11d. £90 was paid to the London and Westminster Bank and £100 to the London City and Midland, as the books show. Donaldson's £200 on the 15th was in gold and put into the safe. The balance shown on February 14 is £84 11s. 7d. At the close of February 15 the balance is £266 1s. 1d., including the £200 of Donaldson. The figure is from the red cash book, and shows the cash in hand. Hawkes' is the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080061"/>
<p>same as Donaldson's; it appears there, and also went into the safe. At the time I obtained these various advances I was short of money. West's £100 went into the safe, the same as the two previous ones, and also appears in the account. With regard to the money that went into the safe, Donaldson's and Hawkes' I used for the purchase of goods. Barnett's went into the two banks and I used it in my business. As far as I am aware, all the sums I drew out appear in my trade books. I heard from Mr. Barnett, the solicitor to the trustee, that there was one missing, but if to I have no knowledge of it. West's £100 I gave him back. He I owed £350 and interest and I agreed some years previously if at any time called upon to assign him my three policies of insurance. Being short of cash I asked him for a further loan, and he insisted on having the security. I told him the three life policies on the London Life were worth about £750. He made inquiries and ascertained that the value of the policies was £442. I had already borrowed at the London Life Association £270. and given them a first charge on their three policies. When West informed me of the fact that they were not worth the money, and insisted that I should give him the £100 back. I did; and that amount is part of the £241 1s. 4d. the trustee alleges I had when I was cleared out. The balance ought to be £141, and that represented my personal drawings for three months, not a very exorbitant amount considering that I paid Mr. Batty, Mr. Holtaway, and the others, and there are some amounts paid out that are not entered. With regard to the incriminated accounts, as near as I can remember on Saturday, February 10, a man calling himself Milbank saw me on the market, and I agreed with him to purchase four loads of hay, two loads of clover, and two loads of mixture. I was buying goods at the time he came along, and I said: "Have you got any stuff to sell?" He said, "I have got some hay, clover, and sain
<lb/>foin." I fancy I asked him his name, and he said Milbank. This is market overt, where you can buy and sell at you like, and not a market where you have to register names. On Monday, February 12, the eight loads were brought to the yard, as far as I can recollect. It is rather a long time since last February, but I have a faint recollec
<lb/>tion of the transaction. I said to him on the Monday, "Have you got any more of these?" because they were worth the money and I wanted some more for my contracts. He said, "Yes; I can bring you four, more loads of hay and two of clover on Wednesday." I said, "At the same price?" He said, "Yes." I gave him a drink, and he brought the rest up on Wednesday. I found some shorts and all that appears in the book. On Friday, the 16th, there is an entry of a pay
<lb/>ment of £42 11s. 7d., which I paid to the man in my office, 63, Com
<lb/>mercial Road. I told him about the shorts, which were arrived at from the weights of the goods. They were weighed at the yard and the weights were put in the weight book from the slips. When these Roods came to the yard they were not alwavs weighed in the weight book; they were weighed on slips to check the country carts and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080062"/>
<p>when the weight was ascertained it would show the amount of shorts. When the goods were sent out from the yard they were weighed pro
<lb/>perly for the customers in most instances. It was not the custom to keep the slips after the transaction, as between vendor and purchaser was completed. If I was not there, pieces of paper, when the carts were weighed, would be placed on my desk, just as a record for me, in case the man called for his money. The payment to Milbank appears in the red book; it does not appear either in the market book or is the white cash book, as it had nothing to do with the market. When the book was balanced on the Monday morning the slip in the cash bag in the safe showed £42 11s. 7d., and it was put in to make it correct. The balance that night was £2122 10s. Where there were market transactions they appear in the white cash book. As to why I put the account under the name of Mr. Milbank, of Duke's Farm, Roxwell, it was a matter of indifference to me which Milbank it was, as long as I squared my account. There are at least four Milbanks in the book; I am not sure whether there are not five, and I know several more of them. The Milbank who was called is not the man I bought of. I saw that at once, when I saw him at the police-court. I took no receipt for that payment. I have the money by me, having the day before received £200 from Donaldson. On the same day I drew £60 from the London City and Midland Bank, so that I had got £260. I did not make a sham entry and put the £42 11s. 7d. in my pocket. It is absolutely impossible to trace all the goods sent in, but to the best of my recollection some of these goods went to Macnamara for their contract, but I am not standing up here to tell a lie, and I cannot swear where the things did go. With regard to Bacon's account on February 16, I bought twelve loads of straw of a man calling himself Bacon at a very low price. He was to send up four loads on the 16th, four on the 17th, and four on the 19th. The 19th included 18 trusses of rough, or chaff hay. I see it is marked here Baker. I cannot say whether it was Baker or Bacon, but it was a matter of indifference to me. I had the goods, and I paid the money, £15 12s., on the market. That includes an arrangement to give him 4s. for the extra 18 trusses. On the whole, I reckoned it was worth £1, but he wanted an extra. 4s., and I paid it to him. I entered the transaction in my market book, and then from there is go; into the white cash book. I had never seen the man before, and in entering the account under the name of Bacon did not mean to imply that that was the Bacon. As to Harris, as far as I can re
<lb/>member, I bought 13 loads at 59s. He wanted 60s., but I agreed, to give him 59s. He wanted to sell me some more, and I got a re
<lb/>duction of 1s. 6d. because it was not quite so good. On February 21 I paid him by cash. I recollect about that, because he said he had another load coming on the road. He wanted £30, and I gave him £26 2s. 3d. in the private office, including the single load. That £26 2s. 3d. appears in the red book alone. On February 24 I find payments for five deliveries, £28 6s. 7d., and they appear in the white book and the red book. On March 3 there</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080063"/>
<p>is a payment of £5 12s. 2d., there being a shortage equal to 2s. 10d. I entered the transactions under the name of G. Harris, Billericay, because the man said hit name was G. Harris, of Billericay. I do not care what name it is. We have one sender in four names who might bring stuff from four different farms, and wishes to keep his accounts separate. As to the purchase from H. J. Miller on February 6 of four loads of hay and two loads clover at 55s. and 70s. respectively, that was a market transaction, and we stood out about the price of the hay until he said he had a couple of loads of very fine clover, and if I would give ham 70s. for the clover he would make a deal for the hay. I was a bit short of staff, and I said, "Send it along as quickly as you can." On the 17th there are six more loads. The payment of £30 17s. 9d. on Feb
<lb/>ruary 27 appears in the white book. I recollect having a bit of a bother with Harris, of Billericay. We had been very good friends, but in a previous deal I let him have £20 instead of £14. I prac
<lb/>tically lent him £6, and I had a bit of trouble to get the money. That was in October, 1902, and I could not get the balance back until 1904. The Harris I dealt with in 1904 was not the same man. That account was closed. I did not want to do any more business with him. "With reference to Merton's account, I bought from him two clover, two hay, two sainfoin on February 17, and on the same date there is also one of clover, and other entries on the 20th. On January 26 there is entry of a payment of £14 19s. The buying was a market transaction, and would be recorded in my market book and in the white book. (Witness gave similar details in respect of the other incriminated transactions.) The remarks I have mads as to the incriminated transactions apply to the other transactions which are impugned. They were all genuine. I had 12 horses and two additional ones hired. They were heavy draught horses, second to none in London, and that is exemplified by the prices, £55 and £57, they fetched at a forced sale. In the so-called shortage there is no credit at all given for the feed of the horses. As to Battey's estimate that they would consume five trusses a day, if that can be done I do not know anything about horses, and I have been accus
<lb/>tomed to them all my life. Each horse would require 3 1/2 trusses per week. My own cob was fed separately. Then there was the straw for bedding, each horse half a truss three times a week. On March 23, when the receiving order was arranged for with my creditors at the Bankruptcy Court, there are three entries, but the entries are not completed. I think the clerks must have had a lark when I was away. They must have thought everything was done with, and did not care what they did. Trade was going on right up to the bank
<lb/>ruptcy not so heavy as before, but still going on, and I had every hope we should be able to pull it through and arrange. The day before Mr. Barnett said, "It is all right, Mumford, we shall not make you a bankrupt," and I went home contented. The negotiations for the reduction of the lease were practically completed. When I took</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080064"/>
<p>the place the taxes were 3s. 4d. in the £, and when I went into bank
<lb/>ruptcy they were 9s. 10d. in the £. That was in Stepney, where unfortunately I was one of the Councillors at one time, not to my benefit. The saving in the lease would have been sufficient to satisfy the Bank, and considerably more; in fact, I do not believe there would have been any trouble in getting another £2,000. It was very valuable consideration, and it was absolutely settled, and the agreement drawn. I cannot say for certain what stuff there was it the depot at the time of the failure, but the place was full of stuff to the roof. The books were all taken away, and some have been travelling you might say round London. Sometimes I have seen them in one place and sometimes another, and last November I saw them falling down the steps outside. It is utterly impossible to exhaust all these mistakes unless you give me time to do it.</p>
<p>(Saturday, January 12.)</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I mortgaged to Mr. Donaldson on February 15 my vans, horses, and carts. There were 38 vans that cost £45 each, but it is impossible for me to say what they were worth at that time. They were mortgaged to Mr. Donaldson for what was called a debt of £1,500. On February 17 I mortgaged all my furniture to Mr. Hawke. I did not value it. Hawke sent a man to value it. It is impossible for me to say what it would fetch on the market not at a forced sale. On February 19 I mortgaged to Mr. West my life policies. I told him I thought they were worth £750, but he informed me they were worth £440, and I had a loan of £270 from the Association. As to what else I had in the way of property those mortgages held good. I had my book debts. In the statement of accounts the book debts (doubtful) are stated at £9, book debts (bad) £450, total £460, esti
<lb/>mated to produce £6. The amended statement, however, puts the good debts at £146 13s. 2d., plus £6 from doubtful debts, the horse, vans, carts, and harness being valued at £1,500. West was a rope manufacturer. I have known him all my life, and he has always been a good friend to me. I told him at the time of the arrangement of the mortgage that my policies were subject to a first charge. I do not know whether I told him the amount of it. The loan of £100 was arranged some days before it was actually made. A regular mortgage was drawn up. I think it was drawn up by Lyne and Holman, Mr. West's solicitors. The loan was made in their office, and the money was paid in gold. I think West came in and went out while the payment was being made, but I am not certain. The money was paid in front of the solicitors by Mr. West's son, Mr. William West. Then we went out together. We had not got far from the solicitors' office when West told me that the policies were not worth the money, and were only worth £440. He asked for the money back, and I gave it to him. The entry in the red cash book on February 19 relating to this transaction is J. W. West, or J. West, £100. I made the entry when I got back. It was to make a record of the transaction. I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080065"/>
<p>omitted to record on the other side that I had paid it back. If I said that West's money went into the safe that was a slip. Donaldson, abandoned his security, and West also abandoned his. If these securi
<lb/>ties had held good, all I should have had were the book debts and the value of the lease. My private market book is in my handwriting. In my opinion, it would clear me if I had it here. It would show the purchases each day, just as the cash book shows in my handwriting the payments of the day. It would show purchases and sales, money received and paid, and everything that transpired whilst I was on the market. It would show that all these transactions which have been impugned were entered in regular form. Holtaway's market book did not quite cover the same ground that mine did. Re
<lb/>ceipts were in some instances given to the carmen of the vendors. Receipts were not given for all goods; only in some instances. When they were given they were bought back by the carman or by the owner when he demanded payment. These tickets would be about on the desk. Battey did not use them for the purpose of making entries in the former's bought ledger. They dad not contain everything that was wanted for the purpose of making entries, except price; the number was not there. The ticket would be simply a record of what was taken away and brought back, but not a complete record of what was delivered. With regard to the entry in King's account on February 5, 72 straw and 63 straw, if you wish me to understand that you allege the entry was made when the ticket was brought in, that is absolutely false. Battey's statement that he made the entries in the ordinary course from the tickets is absolutely false. The entries were made from the credit book, not from the tickets. Battey's duty was to book the entries up each day. Holtaway booked a whole lot, and Battey the others. As to the weighing, goods bought on the market would not necessarily be weighed there. They might be weighed somewhere else, and in innumerable instances they were not weighed at all The men tell us whether they are giving weight or not. The carmen can tell directly they handle the stuff. We weigih if a man tells us he thinks wt is short. The object of the weighbridge and the weighbridge book is to weigh when delivered to customers, and we send out a statement of the weight to them. We sometimes weigh on other weighing machines, Gardner's, Gingall's, and the railway companies'. I cannot tell how often I used these different machines in March, 1906. If Gardner's or Gingall's people came and said I had not used their bridge at all in March, 1906, they would be telling a lie. Gardner and Gingall are respectable people and will give me a good character. The work book or farmer's journal shows the transactions of the day and shows the purchases made with the name of the vendor in every case. The book that was in use at the time of the bankruptcy is misting also. I used to load a good deal of my purchases on to my own vans ready to go away, if necessary, and when not sold the vans and goods stand during the night within the gates under lock and key. As a check upon the stock each van has a number, and there is a record on the van</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080066"/>
<p>sheets of what each van contains over night. I cannot tell where the purchases from Milbank of February 13 were delivered I do not find the name of Milbank on the van sheets, but I find some of the purchases from Henry King. I do not find the purchases of Harris on February 17, or of Merton. They may either have been sold or sent to the loft or depot. There are eight names in the market book under date February 22, and twelve transactions are recorded, but I do not find any reference to them in the van sheets, with the exception of King's, which are fully recorded. The explanation it that the purchases had been disposed of or sent elsewhere. (Other illustrations of the kind were put to the witness.) As to the list of fifteen names impugned, I did not see Bacon often. The earliest date in his account is 1900, when there were three transactions. I put the transaction of February, 1906, to that account to keep it straight I bought 12 loads of straw of him at a low price—24s. I had had no previous transaction with him to my knowledge. He delivered the goods into the yard. I do not know whether he had a receipt for them. It was a matter of indifference to me whether they took receipts or not; sometimes they did, sometimes they did not. I paid him on the market on February 22, presumably in cash. On that day I had £50 in coin from the bank. I have endeavoured to find these customers, but have had very limited time at my disposal, having been rushed about from pillar to post. I have no record of the notes that passed through my hands. I could have got them from the bank, but did not think it necessary.</p>
<p>Re-examined. Before I had this transaction with Donaldson of £200 I had been continually borrowing money of him and paying back. I cannot say how much I owed him, a considerable sum. We disagreed as to the amount, but eventually agreed it, and he might have had security if he had wanted to. I had had transactions with West before, and when I wanted another £100 I gave him the security I had promised him years before, but he found it was charged, and the £100 was returned. Before the receiving order I had been getting in the book debt as fast as I could in order to get ready money, and the Official Receiver continued to collect what was out
<lb/>standing, and I assisted with his permission in the collection. Being prior to the bankruptcy short of supplies, I delivered as quickly as I could, and that is why the vans stood empty. At this time I was trying everywhere I could. To keep people going I was buying prac
<lb/>tically from hand to mouth. That the purchases in the market book do not always appear on the van sheets is owing to the fact that goods bought were sent away immediately to keep orders going. I did not buy them to keep; I bought them to keep myself afloat, so as not to go into bankruptcy. It would have been very much better for my creditors if I bad not gone into bankruptcy. In some cases I can trace goods from Rose and King by the tickets, but it is abso
<lb/>lutely impossible to trace them all. I have spent hours over it with my solicitor and am sick of it.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080067"/>
<p>To the Court. I have given every information to the trustee that I could and wrote to him that if he would only state what informa
<lb/>tion he required I should be pleased to do my beat to answer it. In the public examination I was asked 582 questions, and in the private-examination. 1,912. I have not made any false entry in any book or document relating to my property and affairs. I have not been privy to the making of any such false entry, and have had no intention of concealing the state of my affairs or of defeating the law.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-154" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-154" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY KING</persName> </hi>, Romford, dealer in hay and straw. I have been in the habit of sending to Mumford's for 40 years. If the loads are sold in the market we take tickets for delivery. If we sent goods by a strange man he would bring a paper back to show he had delivered them. I continued to deliver goods up to the latter end of March, 1906. My account shows that I was sometimes paid by cheque and 1907. sometimes used to have cash on account. I never had a receipt for 1908. anything. When I took the tickets down I got a cheque for the 1909. balance. I never gave a receipt for the money I received and at as far 1910. as I know it is not customary.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-155" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-155" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-155" type="surname" value="LAW"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-155" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER LAW</persName> </hi>, an Essex farmer, said he had also bean in the habit of sending goods up to Mumford's for 20 years or more. For any goods that were sold on the market for delivery they always had a delivery ticket. There were no receipts for money. When Mum
<lb/>ford gave him the money the trapsaction was done with. Money would sometimes be paid on the market and sometimes in the yard. Witness sent regularly up to the end of 1905, but had not sent much since. Sometimes payment was by cheque and sometimes in cash.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-156" type="surname" value="CRUSSELL"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-156" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY CRUSSELL</persName> </hi>, hay and straw dealer, near Romford, said he had been dealing with Mumford and Son for six or seven years and had been paid sometimes by cheque and sometimes by cash, but was never given receipts for the money. If goods were sent for delivery on to Mumford's vans they would not take a receipt, but if the goods were sent somewhere else for delivery they might then take a receipt to show they had delivered them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-157" type="surname" value="GORTON"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-157" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR GORTON</persName> </hi>, market clerk, said that previous to the date of the bankruptcy he had been employed by Mumford and Son for nine or ten years, and was latterly appointed traveller. At the beginning of 1906 his instructions were to collect ae much money as possible and not to sell too much stuff. Mumford, in consequence, had to buy on the market for cash, not only off his own stand, but other people's, and have seen him get money from his safe for that purpose. On the morning of March 24, when he visited the office, the books and papers were strewn about anywhere. He continued to go to the office for some time afterwards, but did not notice that any of the papers had left the office. Goods were not always weighed when they came to the yard; goods, for instance, arriving very early in the morning, or very late at night. It was not the custom to weigh goods sent direct from the market to customers. The market clerk, if not present when pur
<lb/>chases took place, would be informed of them by Mr. Mumford.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080068"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-158" type="surname" value="PATTON"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-158" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD PATTON</persName> </hi>, carman, employed by Messrs. Mumford for eight, or nine years, said that when he got delivery of goods on to his vans be would take them sometimes direct to the yard and sometimes direct to customers. Very often he took a load straight to the chaff depot. The goods would sometimes stop on the van and in that case he would put his horses to an empty van. In the early part of last year supplies from the rail and the wharf decreased and supplies were chiefly drawn from the market. Goods were often weighed on other people's weighbridges. Things were sometimes taken to customers without going to the yard at all. If the goods were short they would tell the "governor," and he would direct that they should be weighed at Gingall's. A man in the trade could form a very good opinion as to whether there was full weight or not and judge if there was half. hundredweight short.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-159" type="surname" value="FISHER"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-159" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES FISHER</persName> </hi>, also a carman, for some years in the employ of Messrs. Mumford, gave similar evidence.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-160" type="surname" value="GINGALL"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-160" type="given" value="HORACE"/>HORACE GINGALL</persName> </hi>, called on behalf of the prosecution, denied that Mr. Mumford had used his firm's weighbridge in the first three months of 1906.</p>
<p>(Monday, January 14.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-161" type="surname" value="STOKES"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-161" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN STOKES</persName> </hi>, also called on behalf of the prosecution, stated that in the first three months of 1906 there were no weighings whatever on Messrs. Gardners weighbridge for Messrs. Mumford.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19070108-34-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-34-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-34-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>; Saturday, January 12.</p>
<p>(Before Mr. Justice Lawrance)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070108-35">
<interp inst="t19070108-35" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070108"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-35" type="date" value="19070108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070108-35-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-35-19070108 t19070108-35-offence-1 t19070108-35-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070108-35-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-35-19070108 t19070108-35-offence-2 t19070108-35-verdict-2"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-35-19070108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-35-19070108" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19070108" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19070108" type="surname" value="CRUMLISH"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19070108" type="given" value="FRANK"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19070108" type="occupation" value="sailor"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CRUMLISH</hi>, Frank (25, sailor)</persName>
<rs id="t19070108-35-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-35-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-35-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>; feloniously shooting at
<persName id="t19070108-name-163" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-163" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-163" type="surname" value="STONE"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-163" type="given" value="MARTHA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070108-35-offence-1 t19070108-name-163"/>Martha Stone</persName>, with intent to kill and murder her, and to do her some griev
<lb/>ous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. H. G. Rooih prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-164" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-164" type="surname" value="WAGER"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-164" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES WAGER</persName> </hi>, porter, 8, White's Row, Spitalfields. Martha Stone and a soldier named Stannard came to 8. White's Row on Novem
<lb/>ber 14, and lived there in one room as man and wife. On Novem
<lb/>ber 18. about 9.30 p.m., prisoner came to me and made inquiries about Stone; I went upstairs to see if she was in; prisoner followed me. Stannard and Stone were in their room. On Stannard opening the door prisoner walked in; Stone said, "For God's sake, what has brought you here?" Then Stannard shut the door and I went down
<lb/>stairs. About five past 11 I heard a shot; I rushed up the staircase and met Stannard coming down, holding the bannister rail; he said, "I am shot in the leg" I got to the top of the landing, when Stone came screaming out of the room, holding her head with her two hands, and a second shot was fired. I sent for the police.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080069"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-165" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-165" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-165" type="surname" value="BASS"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-165" type="given" value="AUGUSTUS WILLAIM"/>AUGUSTUS WILLAIM BASS</persName> </hi>, labourer, 26, White's Row. On Novem
<lb/>ber 18, about 20 past 11, I was outside my door when I heard two reports of firearms. I ran up the stairs and seized hold of a man coming down; he said, "Let me go, I have got nothing. Going fur
<lb/>ther up the stairs I saw prisoner flourishing a revolver. I closed with him, and we struggled and fell, prisoner underneath; he placed the revolver to my left temple, and said. "Let me go, or I will give you one". I seized the revolver; he pulled the trigger; it caught in the fleshy part of my hand, which prevented the revolver 'going off. I wrenched it away from him, and we got to our feet, when he dealt me a terrific blow on the mouth, and he got away.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. I am sure that when I saw you you had the revolver in your right hand.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-166" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-166" type="surname" value="ISON"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-166" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED ISON</persName> </hi>, tailor, 8, White's Row. On this night I heard screaming and revolver shots. I ran into the building and saw pri
<lb/>soner and Bass struggling on the landing; prisoner got away and ran into the street. There was about a minute's interval between the two shots I heard. I and George Smith ran after prisoner and held him till the police came.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. There was a light—a gas lamp—on the landing.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALFRED LINSTEAD</hi>, 94 H. On this night I was called to White's Row, where I. saw prisoner held by two or three men, struggling violently. I arrested him and took him to the station. There he made a statement voluntarily, before he was charged. Looking round the charge-room he said, "Where is the bioke; where is the ponce; it was him I fired at." He was searched; in his vest pocket there were six ball revolver cartridges; in his trousers pocket a razor and a clasp knife.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. You were not drunk; you were excited.</p>
<p>Inspector
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN LYNCH</hi>, H Division. I was on duty at the station when prisoner was brought in. The revolver produced wee handed in by Baas; it was loaded; there were two discharged cartridges and four charged.</p>
<p>Inspector
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK WENSLEY</hi>, H Division. I was at the station when prisoner was brought in. I first charged him with a matter that is not material to this trial; then I charged him with the attempted murder of Martha Stone by shooting at her. He said, "Have I hurt them much; I should not have done it if I had not had some drink; I had better give you my right name; it is not John McDermott; it is Frank Crumlish; the revolver went off once in my pocket during the struggle; you can see the hole and the powder round it." I examined the pocket; there was a hole about two inches in length; it had not the appearance of a bullet hole; there was no scorching or powder marks. Prisoner made no reply to the charge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-167" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-167" type="surname" value="STONE"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-167" type="given" value="MARTHA"/>MARTHA STONE</persName> </hi>. I am a single woman; I have known prisoner three years; about 18 months, ago I lived with him for three months, then he went away to sea. I met him in the street on his return,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080070"/>
<p>about three months ago; he asked me to go with him and I refused. I picked up with a soldier, Stannard. and lived with him at White's Row. On November 18 I was in my room with Stannard when prisoner came in; he asked me what I was doing in the room with the fellow; then he asked me if I would go with him and I said, "No." I think he was drunk at the time. The conversation went on for half an hour. My young brother called up at the window, and I looked out and told him to come up; as I turned back from the window I saw prisoner standing over me, pointing a revolver at me, within an inch of my face. Stannard rushed round and got hold of him and struggled with him, and Stannard was shot in the thigh. I got hold of the two of them; Stannard let go and ran down the stairs as he went the table was overturned, and the lamp went out. I rushed down the stairs, prisoner running after me. I heard another shot; it was in my direction; the bullet struck the wall.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-168" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-168" type="surname" value="STANNARD"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-168" type="given" value="WALTER WILLIAM"/>WALTER WILLIAM STANNARD</persName> </hi>, private in the Middlesex Regiment. I have been keeping company with Stone for some time. I was in our room at White's Row with her on November 18. About 10 o'clock there was a knock at the door. Prisoner walked straight in up to Stone. He did not speak to me. She said to him, "You have got a cheek to come up here." They were talking together about half an hour. I thought prisoner had some claim of other on the woman, so I stood practically as a witness until he produced the revolver and pointed it in her face. I then rushed forward and pulled his arm down: it went off, and I was shot in the thigh. I fell down, knock
<lb/>ing the table over. I stumbled to the door and went out, meeting Bass on the stairs. Then I was taken to the hospital.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. You and I were struggling together not more than five seconds before the revolver went off; it is quite possible it went off by accident.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PRISONER</hi> (not on oath). I had known this girl some time; I thought a lot of her and always treated her well. I did not know that she had been carrying on, but I had been told; and when I found her in a room with this man I produced the revolver; I only intended to frighten her. It has got no trigger guard on it, and the least knock would send it off. When I left my ship did not know the revolver was loaded. I put six cartridges in my waistcoat pocket in case I should need to load the weapon. On my arrest these were, found in my pocket. I had no intention of shooting or injuring the girl I had had a little drink, and I was upset from finding this fellow in the room with her; I only thought of giving her a scare. Had the soldier not interfered I do not think there would have been any shooting at all. As to the second shot, it was dark on the land
<lb/>ing and I was a stranger to the place. I stumbled and fell, knocked up against the staircase, and the revolver went off.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080071"/>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19070108-35-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-35-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-35-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/> Not guilty</rs>. Prisoner then withdrew his plea of not guilty of a
<rs id="t19070108-35-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-35-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-35-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assault"/>common assault</rs> on Stone and Bass, and
<rs id="t19070108-35-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-35-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-35-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>. Sentence,
<rs id="t19070108-35-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-35-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-35-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-35-19070108 t19070108-35-punishment-30"/>Three months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>; Saturday, January 12.</p>
<p>(Before the Recorder.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070108-36">
<interp inst="t19070108-36" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070108"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-36" type="date" value="19070108"/>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-36-19070108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-36-19070108" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19070108" type="surname" value="SHUTTLEWORTH"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19070108" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19070108" type="occupation" value="waste paper merchant"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SHUTTLEWORTH</hi>, Eliza</persName>
<rs id="t19070108-36-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-36-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-36-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/> (waste paper merchant); receiving cer
<lb/>tain stolen goods, the property of
<persName id="t19070108-name-170" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-170" type="surname" value="WILKINS"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-170" type="given" value="MATTHEW ROBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070108-36-offence-1 t19070108-name-170"/>Matthew Robert Wilkins</persName>, well Know
<lb/>ing them to have been stolen.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Montefiore-Brice prosecuted. Mr. Leycester defended.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-171" type="surname" value="WILKINS"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-171" type="given" value="MATTHEW ROBERT"/>MATTHEW ROBERT WILKINS</persName> </hi>, manufacturer's agent, 5, Philip Lane, E.C. I took stock on October 31 last, and found I was 26 pieces of 70 yards each of silesia linings short. On December 1 I discovered I was three more pieces missing, one about 70 yards and two about 35 yards each. I then felt sure my lad, Reginald Gawthorn, was a thief, and I warned the detectives to Watch the boy. They did not dis
<lb/>cover him taking any goods, but a day or two afterwards I found in the bottom of the waste paper sack two sheets of paper corresponding to the wrappers in which some of the lining had been, and I then ad
<lb/>vised the police to arrest the lad. That was on December 5. Gaw
<lb/>thorn had been in my employment for three years and nine months. He is 18 years of age. He had no authority from me to tell waste paper. In consequence of admissions made by Gawthorn when arrested I went to prisoner's premises with the police officers and the lad. Prisoner carries on business as a waste paper and tailors' cut
<lb/>tings dealer at 3, Whitecross Street. We got there about 11.30 is the morning and found prisoner there. Inspector Lyon asked her if she knew the lad, and she said, "Yes, she had seen him." He told her the charge—that I had lost a number of pieces of lining, and that she lad had admitted bringing all the goods to her. She said, "I have only bought one small parcel of cretonne from him, and he also brought me a smell piece of blue." Then we searched the place, and we found the small parcel of cretonnes now produced, but nothing else. The piece of cretonne was not part of my stock, but I recognised it as be
<lb/>longing to the office up above mine. Prisoner was takes into custody. Subsequently, I accompanied the officers to prisoner's private address, at 211, Southgate Road. We searched her three rooms there, and in the bedroom we found some of my linings. She is a widow. We found four small pieces, 11 to 12 yards long. I identify the pieces produced as having belonged to me. I am perfectly sure I did not sell or give them away. The length of the grey piece when it was stolen was 32 1/2 yards; it is now six yards. I never sold Messrs. Daw
<lb/>son any lining like the grey lining. The length of the brown piece when stolen was 70 yards; there are now 11 yards of it. The canary piece was about 66 1/2 yards long; there are now about four yards.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080072"/>
<p>The black piece has been made into an apron. I missed about 20 or 30 yards of the black; there are now only about two yards. I identify these linings as mine both by the finish and by the count of the warp and the woof. The goods came from Carlisle, and I am the sole agent in Londoe for them. I was present, when prisoner was shown these particular linings. She said she had bought the piece of grey from Dawson and Co., drapers, of City Road, and that she could not say where she had bought the other pieces. She was asked if she had a receipt for the piece of grey, and if she knew the length of it, and she said she did not keep receipts and she did not know the length.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I am London agent also for a manufacturer of Bradford. The piece of silk striped sleeve lining came from Brad
<lb/>ford. We are the only manufacturers of this particular design on England. This piece was found in a parcel at her house. 70 yards of it were taken, and I found these four yards. It was 70 yards all in one piece. It must have been cut up by somebody. That applies to all the other pieces. All the materials must therefore have been cut up after they were stolen from me. Gawthorn had no authority to do it, but I should not have objected if he had sold waste paper and pieces of string. I would not have dismissed him for doing that. At the police court he said that he took samples which were old and disused, and that he thought he was entitled to do it, but he was not. If I had known of it I should certainly have complained of his doing that. He pleaded guilty before the magis
<lb/>trate, and was dealt with as a first offender. Shuttleworth was then brought up on the same day, and Gawthorn was called as a witness against her. I admit that Gawthorn may have thought he was entitled to take the old samples, although he was not. The total value to me of the goods found in prisoner's possession is about 15s. Short lengths and odd lengths are sold at a lower price than the ordinary lengths.</p>
<p>Re-examined. When I said the lengths must have been out up after they were stolen I meant that the lad must have cut them up on the premises. A length of 70 yards would be a bulky parcel, but the lad was in the habit of taking out large parcels to customers, and he might, if dishonest, have taken away a large parcel without sus
<lb/>picion. My total loss has been £100.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-172" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-172" type="surname" value="GAWTHORN"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-172" type="given" value="PERCY REGINALD"/>PERCY REGINALD GAWTHORN</persName> </hi>. 20, Helena Road, Stratford. I was until recently employed by prosecutor. I was with him for over three years. I was in the habit of taking the waste paper to Mrs. Shuttleworth, of Whitecross Street. As far as I remember I did that for two and a half or three years. I never told her where I was employed; she never asked. Some of the waste paper would have labels on bearing Mr. Wilkins's address. After I had been selling prisoner waste paper for some time, she asked me if I had any samples I could bring over. I had some small samples at the office—very old ones—which I sometimes used as dusters, and I took them over to</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080073"/>
<p>her. They were all small pieces, about half a yard in length. She weighed them and gave me 6d. or 7d. for them. She then asked me if I had any larger pieces that I could bring over, and I said I would see, and it led me to steal them, and I took them over. I cut the pieces off the large pieces we had in stock. I took a large number of pieces, but I cannot remember how many. I used to cut off so many yards at a time, leaving the large pieces so many yards short. Some
<lb/>times I would again cut off some more from the same piece. I once took a piece of about 80 yards to the prisoner, cut up in four pieces of about 20 yards each. I recognise the pieces produced as pieces I took to prisoner. This piece produced I took to her on November 28 about half-past five or six. The length of it was about 35 yards. I think she gave me 2s. 4d. for it. I told her I thought it was about 35 yards long. She took my word for that. I put it in the scale, and it weighed about 10 lb., and she said it ought to be about 8 lb. With the paper off. I did not think that was feasible, so I took the paper off and weighed it without, and it still weighed nearly 10 lb. She shouted, "Bring it into the office. What did you want to undo it for? I did not want Johnny to see it." She usually put the linings under a small desk she had in her office, not in the general store room, I continued to take pieces of lining to her on and off for six or seven months, sometimes once a week and sometimes once a fortnight, and I kept away for three weeks once, until she asked me if I had not got any more. I got altogether from her—it may have been £5. I do not remember at all. It was paid in small sums of 2s., and 3s., and 4s. On an average she gave me 2s. for 7 lb.; that would be about 30 yards. The value of 30 yards of this lining would be 14s. or 15s. I identify all the pieces of lining as pieces I took to prisoner's shop.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I was arrested before prisoner was, and was taken to her shop. At that time I considered I was in custody. I made a statement to the police when I was first arrested, and before I was bound over I made a statement in writing to the police. Before I made that statement I knew I was going in a short time to be brought up before the Alderman. When I made that statement I thought I might be called as a witness for the prosecution. Up to six or seven months ago everything I took to prisoner I had obtained perfectly honestly. I had no idea I was stealing the small samples I first took to prisoner. The largest of the samples was about half a yard. I do not think I took those small samples more than three times. The large piece of 80 yards that I stole I cut up into four pieces of 20 yards each in the office, and took it away all in one parcel. I thought it would fetch more in four pieces than in one, because when the stuff is cut and rolled up loosely it looks bigger. It does not weigh more. Prisoner nearly always weighed what I took to her. The reason I did not cut it up into smaller pieces was not that I thought she would be lass likely to suspect anything was wrong; that did not occur to me I never took less than about seven yards. At the police court I said I only gold her 10 or 12 pieces. That was wrong; it is much too</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080074"/>
<p>little. I always sold the goods to prisoner in the shop. There was a pair of scales there where anybody who wanted to sell her anything came in. She bad a woman named Lizzie and a man named John in her employment. They were generally about, and a customer might have come in at any moment. I kept on selling her paper and string right up to the end. I took a piece of about six yards to my mother as a present, but when she found I had stolen it she returned it. I swear I have never sold any to other people.</p>
<p>By the Jury. Prisoner never questioned me where I was getting the stuff from or whether I was getting it honestly. Sometimes when I was bringing it rather quickly she said I had better not bring any
<lb/>thing for a little time.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I always took the linings and the waste paper in separate parcels.</p>
<p>Inspector
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROBERT LYON</hi>, City Police. On December 5 I went with Sergeant Stewart to 5, Philip Lane, and arrested Gawthorn. In con
<lb/>sequence of what occurred there the prosecutor, Sergeant Stewart, Gawthorn and myself proceeded to prisoner's place of business in Whitecross Street, about 400 yards away from prosecutor's place of business. I told prisoner we were making inquiries with regard to between 800 and 1,000 yards of linings which had been stolen from Mr. Wilkins's office, and that Gawthorn had admitted bringing the stuff to her. She said he had never brought any linings, only some small samples. Gawthorn then said, "Mrs. S., why don't you tell the truth; it will be better for you, and me, too, in the end?" She was taken into custody. Sergeant Stewart and prosecutor went to prisoner's private address at 211, Southgate Road. Subsequently I showed her the pieces of lining now in front of me, in the presence of Gawthorn and Sergeant Stewart. Gawthorn said, "Those are some of the pieces I sold to Mrs. S." She said, "How can you say so?" and pointing to the grey piece, she said, "I bought that at Dawson's I asked her, "Do you know what length it is?" She said, "No." I then asked if she had the receipt for it, and she said she did not keep receipts. I read out to her Gawthorn's statement, and she said, "That is what he says, but you have to prove it."</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner has with her husband before her carried on business in the same premises for about 20 years. There are a large number of City offices in the neighbourhood of Whitecross Street. I should say it was a common thing for porters and care
<lb/>takers, and so on, to sell waste paper and string without any dis
<lb/>honesty at all. I did not find anything on prisoner's premises that I would describe as large pieces. Gawthorn did tell me that he cut the linings up before taking them to her.</p>
<p>Detective-Sergeant
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN STEWART</hi>. On December 5 I went to pro
<lb/>secutor's premises, then to prisoner's shop, and subsequently to her private address with Mr. Wilkins. Prisoner occupies the basement and first floor of 211, Southgate Road. I found there the pieces of lining (produced), which Mr. Wilkins identified as his property, and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080075"/>
<p>also two pieces of white material, which have also been identified as stolen property.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The things that I found were wrapped up loosely in brown paper, and were not tied up or concealed in any way.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-173" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-173" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-173" type="surname" value="TOWELL"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-173" type="given" value="DUNCAN SILVESTER"/>DUNCAN SILVESTER TOWELL</persName> </hi>, assistant to Green and Mackay, Distaff Lane, manufacturers' agents. At the end of October last our firm took stock and found we were eight pieces of dress material of about 40 yards each in length, of the value of from £3 to £5 each, short, and several parcels of patterns, each containing about 40 patterns, valued at about £2 a parcel. I identify the two pieces of cream dress material as having belonged to us; they have our tickets on them, one marked "P" and the other "J." I marked one of these tickets myself. We have not sold any patterns of this stuff for 18 months. We always out the tickets oil when we tell goods before they leave our premises.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Anybody who knew that these goods had been stolen could easily have removed the labels that were on them. The length of these pieces is a little over a yard, and are worth about 2s. 6d. each.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-174" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-174" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-174" type="surname" value="HAWKINS"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-174" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY HAWKINS</persName> </hi>, of Messrs. Dawson, City Road. The piece of grey lining shown to me I do not recognise. We have never had any staff of the sort in our stock at all.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-175" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-175" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-175" type="surname" value="DUNN"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-175" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM DUNN</persName> </hi>, printer, 211, Southgate Road, Essex Road, Isling
<lb/>ton. Prisoner and her daughter have lived in my house as lodgers for the past 18 months. During that time she has always behaved herself and has borne the reputation of being a perfectly respectable, decent, and honest woman.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-176" type="surname" value="SCHOLES"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-176" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES SCHOLES</persName> </hi>, carman and contractor, Whitecross Street, City. I am Master of the Carmen's Company. Prisoner is a sub-tenant of mine. She and her husband have been there for the past 20 years. I occupy the ground floor of the premises. During all the time I have known her I have always found her to be an honest and respect
<lb/>able and very hard-working woman. With regard to paying her rent and conducting her business respectably, I have the highest opinion of her. I am constantly on my business premises myself, and I have never seen or heard anything against her.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-177" type="surname" value="BULLIVANT"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-177" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES BULLIVANT</persName> </hi>, paper merchant, 14, Harp Alley, Farringdon Street. I have known prisoner for over 20 years in connection with business. Up to now she has always borne the reputation of being perfectly honest and respectable.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19070108-36-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-36-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-36-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>. Sentence,
<rs id="t19070108-36-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-36-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-36-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-36-19070108 t19070108-36-punishment-31"/>Eight months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>; Monday, January 14.</p>
<p>(Before the Common Serjeant.)</p>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-37-19070108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-37-19070108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19070108" type="age" value="55"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19070108" type="surname" value="BRAY"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19070108" type="given" value="JAMES ALFRED"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19070108" type="occupation" value="waiter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BRAY</hi>, James Alfred (55, waiter)</persName>
<rs id="t19070108-37-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-37-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-37-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> </rs>
<rs id="t19070108-37-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-37-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-37-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>, pleaded guilty to feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19070108-name-179" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-179" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-179" type="surname" value="JARRETT"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-179" type="given" value="MARSALA MAUD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070108-37-offence-1 t19070108-name-179"/>Marsala Maud Jarrett</persName>, his wife being then alive. He was</rs> </p>
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<p>
<rs id="t19070108-37-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-37-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-37-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-37-19070108 t19070108-37-punishment-32"/>bound over in his own recognisances in £20 to come up for judgment if called upon</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-38-19070108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-38-19070108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19070108" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19070108" type="surname" value="ALLOCCA"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19070108" type="given" value="ANTONIO"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19070108" type="occupation" value="ice cream vendor"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALLOCCA</hi>, Antonio (21, ice cream vendor)</persName>
<rs id="t19070108-38-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-38-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-38-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>; feloniously wounding
<persName id="t19070108-name-181" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-181" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-181" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-181" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070108-38-offence-1 t19070108-name-181"/>Edward Brown</persName> with intent to do him grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. H. L. Ormsby prosecuted; Mr. Purcell defended.</p>
<p>(The evidence was interpreted.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-182" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-182" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-182" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-182" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD BROWN</persName> </hi>, 3, St. Peter's Terrace, Clerkenwell Road, asphalter. Or. December 12, about ten to twelve p.m., I was in the "Queen's Head" public-house, Great Bath Street, Clerkenwell, when prisoner and two others came in. I was standing drinking at the bar. I never spoke to prisoner. The barman spoke to me, and in conse
<lb/>quence of what he said I was going out when prisoner called me back, saying, "Eddy, I want to speak to you." I went back. He said, "Do you still go with one girl Lizzie?" I said, "No; I don't want to have anything more to say to her." He called me a lying bastard, and, at the same time he struck me in the upper part of my leg with something he had in his hand, that looked like an ice pick, what they break ice with. Prisoner is an ice cream vendor in the summer and goes round with chestnuts in the winter. When I went to run away I received another blow at the back of the left shoulder. Then he ran away and the other two men tried to stop me from running after him. I went and found a constable. We went to prisoner's house, 24, Eyre Street Hill, and found him lying in bed with all his clothes on. I was taken to the hospital and treated there. I am pretty well all right now. Just now and again I find a bit of limping in my leg, but there is not much pain.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did nothing to provoke prisoner. We were close outside the public-house when the conversation took place. We were not near enough for the barman or the publican or any respectable person to hear it, so that you are dependent upon me for what occurred. I did not abuse him or strike him. I do some
<lb/>times strike Italians if they strike at me. In October, 1906, I was charged with assaulting an Italian and was bound over by the magistrate to keep the peace towards them for twelve months. It was the Italian's fault. On September 14, 1906, I was charged at the North London Sessions, Clerkenwell, with wounding an Italian woman. She refused to give evidence, and I was honourably acquit
<lb/>ted. On August 22, 1905, I was at Clerkenwell Sessions, and was sentenced to 12 months for stealing a watch. On December 29, 1904, I was sentenced to three months' imprisonment as a rogue and vaga
<lb/>bond, and on April 20, 1904, I had three months for an assault on the police. On January 18, 1904, I got six weeks for drunk and dis
<lb/>orderly conduct, in default of paying a fine. On April 27, 1903, I was again at Clerkenwell Police Court—a little matter about money—and got two months. On November 9, 1899, I got six months for assaulting the police. On February 7, 1899, I got four months in</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080077"/>
<p>connection with an umbrella. On June 21, 1905, I was charged at Clerkenwell Police Court with living on the prostitution of a woman and was bound over; there was not sufficient evidence to convict me. I know a man named Bassett, who is now undergoing penal servitude for four years, hut he is no friend of mine, and never was. You are dependent on me for what happened outside the public-house on De
<lb/>cember 12 last.</p>
<p>Re-examined. At the police court prisoner did not ask me any
<lb/>thing as to my account of what occurred being incorrect.</p>
<p>Police-Constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">LEONARD BATCHELOR</hi>, 107 E. On December 12 I was on duty at Eyre Street Hill. Prosecutor called to me, and we went together to 74, Eyre Street Hill, and into the top back room where we found prisoner in bed, fully dressed, and some other men. I told him I should arrest him for stabbing Brown. He replied, "Don't pull me about. I will f—g well punch you." He said that in English. I took him to the police station, and on the way he said, "I will kill him the next time I get a chance." After he was charged he said, "I will do for him the next time; I am sorry I did not do it this time." He was perfectly sober. He made no complaint of pro
<lb/>secutor having knocked him about, or abused or insulted him. He had a little abrasion on his arm; he said he had fallen down in the evening, running away.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner said he had fallen down during the evening, which caused the abrasion. Prosecutor was not with me at the time he said that; he was at the hospital. Prosecutor went with me to the house and remained outside in the passage. I understand the prisoner has been longer than two years in England, but I have known him for two years. The house where I found him is where he lives with his uncle. He was not excited—nothing out of the ordinary. I have been two years on duty in the neighbourhood, and I know that Eyre Street Hill is often a very lively spot. Italians do get. somewhat excited. Prisoner was not more excited then usual, but more so than an Englishman would be. He did not cry at all on the way to the station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-183" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-183" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-183" type="surname" value="GRUNDY"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-183" type="given" value="MAURICE"/>MAURICE GRUNDY</persName> </hi>, House Surgeon, Royal Free Hospital. On De
<lb/>cember 13 prosecutor was brought in, and I found he had a punc
<lb/>tured wound on the inner side of the right thigh about two inches below the groin, about three-quarters of an inch in. It could have been made by an ice pick. Ice picks have wooden handles, and are Used to stab the ice in two or three places, and then the ice breaks. The wound was not dangerous, but if it had been two inches higher it might have been fatal. On the left shoulder these was another wound about one and a quarter inches deep. That was not dan
<lb/>gerous. I do not think considerable force was used. Prosecutor has quite recovered. He says he has a little pain in the leg still, but nothing to speak of. The wound has quite healed up.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. We get a fairly large number of wounding cases from Eyre Street Hill. The characteristic of these wounds was that</p>
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<p>they were punctured. I have not seen the knives with which chestnut vendors clip the taps of the chestnuts before they bake the them.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-184" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-184" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-184" type="surname" value="ALLOCCA"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-184" type="given" value="ANTONIO"/>ANTONIO ALLOCCA</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I am 21 years of age, and have been two years in England. I live with my uncle, Raphael Troccia, who is a baker in High Holborn. I earn my livelihood as an ice-cream vendor in summer and a chestnut seller in winter. Owing to chest troubles, I have been a good deal in hospital. I was in for about a month during last year. On December 12 I was in the "Queen's Head." I had been selling chestnuts that evening Brown came into the public-house; he was drunk and called me names. He called me an Italian bastard. He gave me a punch in the chest, knocking me to the ground, and be fell on top of me. I had nothing in my hand when he gave me the punch, but after the blow I had my little knife with which I cut the chestnuts. I do not know how he got the stabs. We both fell to the floor. I do not know what I did with the knife. Brown got up first. I had such a pain in my chest where he struck me that I could not get up. I have never had any charge brought against me of any kind.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. When before the magistrate I wanted an inter
<lb/>preter, but I could not have one. I do not understand English. I asked the constable in English what he wanted with me. I did not understand what he said. One of my companions said, "Why don't you give him a punch?" I do not know that I said, "I will kill him the next time I get a chance." I do not know what I said at the station, "I will do for him the next time; I am sorry I did not do for him this time." I may have said it, but I do not know anything of what I really did say.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-185" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-185" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-185" type="surname" value="TROCCIA"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-185" type="given" value="RAPHAEL"/>RAPHAEL TROCCIA</persName> </hi>, baker, 155, High Holborn, living at 25, Eyre Street Hill. Prisoner is my nephew, and has always behaved well.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19070108-38-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-38-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-38-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs> of unlawful wounding. Sentence,
<rs id="t19070108-38-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-38-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-38-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-38-19070108 t19070108-38-punishment-33"/>Nine months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19070108-39">
<interp inst="t19070108-39" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19070108"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-39" type="date" value="19070108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19070108-39-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-39-19070108 t19070108-39-offence-1 t19070108-39-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-39-19070108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-39-19070108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19070108" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19070108" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19070108" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19070108" type="occupation" value="butcher"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SMITH</hi>, Arthur (32)</persName>
<rs id="t19070108-39-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19070108-39-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-39-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, butcher; maliciously wounding
<persName id="t19070108-name-187" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-187" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-187" type="surname" value="ROLLS"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-187" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19070108-39-offence-1 t19070108-name-187"/>Henry Rolls</persName> and having occasioned him actual bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Frank Mathew prosecuted. Mr. Purcell defended.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-188" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-188" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-188" type="surname" value="ROLLS"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-188" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY ROLLS</persName> </hi>, 3, Queens Road, Walworth, butcher. I was chair
<lb/>man at benefit at the "Horns" public-house on December 7 last. It was a complimentary benefit for a gentleman named Allen. There was smoking and drinking going on. I had two ginger ales and a Scotch and soda. Afterwards I went into the bar of the "Horas with a friend and called for drinks. Whilst we stood there prisoner came in and said, "Can I have a drink?" I said, "Certainly, you can." He said. "There are three of us." I said, "What are you going to have?" He said, "Call for three Dunville whiskies." I did so. The whisky being some time coming up, (prisoner said, "They are a long time coming." I said, "All right; they will be up in a</p>
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<p>minute." When they came up he pushed hit knee into my private parts. I pushed him away. He turned deliberately round and caught hold of a glass, smashed it on the counter, and struck me on the head with it. It was a small glass, about 2 1/2 in. high. I gave him no provocation whatever, nor did anybody with me. I was per
<lb/>fectly sober.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. There were about 250 to 300 people at the com
<lb/>plimentary benefit. At the table where I was presiding about eight or nine persons were sitting round. Some six bottles of Dunville's whisky were disposed of, but several persons joined in those drinks independently of those at the table. I paid for one bottle. The benefit was for a bookmaker. I do not know about his being broke. The man asked me to do him a favour by presiding at the benefit. I do not suppose he had much money or he would not have had the benefit. It was a ticket benefit, and began about 8.30 and ended about 1130. There was just an hour for a little refreshment downstairs. There were 200 different people in there. When I got into the bar I saw a gentleman named Ginger Knox. He had been at the door upstairs looking after the tickets. I do not know what drinks he had had. Neither Ginger Knox nor I said to prisoner, "I will fight you." The people were pretty closely packed together. I did not see another man close to Ginger Knox punch the prisoner. I was two or three yards away from prisoner, but there were not a good many people between us. The people were all round the premises, not all standing at the bar. I did not notice the prisoner struck by Knox; I was at the hospital when that occurred. I have heard he was struck by other people since. It is not the case that Smith was set upon by Ginger Knox and another man and that I was pushed upon him and he hit out, forgetting that he had a glass in his hand and struck me on the head. That is not how it occurred. Prisoner and I were perfectly friendly and no quarrel whatever had taken place. There was no earthly reason for his striking me. I had had two ginger ales and a Scotch and soda. Prisoner had been upstairs with the others. He and his wile and other ladies were there and he took his share of the whisky like the others.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-189" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-189" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-189" type="surname" value="MORRIS"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-189" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MORRIS</persName> </hi>, 29, Bickley Street, Walworth, butcher. I was pre
<lb/>sent at the benefit at the "Horns" on December 17 and went down to the bar afterwards with the intention of calling for a drink. I saw Rolls and the prisoner. They asked me to have a drink and I said, "I will have a bitter." Then I heard Rolls and prisoner talking about three drops of Dunville. Rolls said, "Wait a minute; you will get your drink." Then prisoner turned round and said, "You are a long time paying for it." Then I noticed prisoner's knee go round the corners of Rolls's coat. Then Rolls shoved him and prisoner took a glass off the counter, broke it, and hit Rolls on the head with it. I saw no kind of provocation given by Rolls to prisoner. I saw no fight going on in which the prisoner was con
<lb/>cerned. There was no squabbling of any kind. The place where we were drinking was full of people.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190701080080"/>
<p>Cross-examined. Rolls and prisoner and I were all close together about two feet apart. The bar was pretty closely packed all over Closing time is 12.30 o'clock, as a rule, and this was a little after 11 Rolls and I are butchers. I work with him. I only went upstairs once or twice. I heard an order given for a bottle of spirits. They had plenty of spirits. I am Ginger Knox. I said to prisoner, "I will fight you providing you put that glass down." That was before he struck Rolls. About two years ago prisoner said I called him a bad name and I remembered that. I did not strike prisoner. It is not true that I and another man set upon him and that he struck out, with his whisky glass in his hand, in self defence, and, instead of striking us he hit Rolls on the head. When he hit Rolls I made a hit at prisoner. I tried to stop prisoner, and in the excitement of the moment he hit me with the glass, but I do not think he meant to hit me with it.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I did not hit prisoner before he assaulted Rolls, but afterwards.</p>
<p>Police-constable
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES BUCK</hi>, 178 L. About twelve o'clock p.m. on December 17 I saw two men coming out of the "Horns," leading prosecutor, who was bleeding profusely from the left side of the head, over the left eye. I went inside and prisoner was pointed out to me, and I said, "You are accused of glassing a man," and he said, "Yes." I handed him over to another constable and accompanied prosecutor to the hospital. Then I went to the police station where prisoner was charged. He made no reply.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I noticed that prisoner's lip was bleeding slightly. I did not notice that he had an appearance about his eye which be
<lb/>tokened a future black eye. When he was brought before the magis
<lb/>trate the next day I did not notice that his eye looked puffy and was getting blue. He was remanded till the following Monday and then admitted to bail.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-190" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-190" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-190" type="surname" value="COX"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-190" type="given" value="REGINALD"/>REGINALD COX</persName> </hi>, house surgeon, St. Thomas's Hospital. Prosecutor was brought to the hospital on December 18, about 12.30 a.m. He had four incised wounds over his left eyebrow and cheek, caused by some sharp instrument. They might very well have been caused by a broken tumbler. The blows must have been violent; the wounds extended down to the bone. They were close to the eye. Prosecutor was not drunk, but he had been drinking.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I should say the wounds had been caused by one blow from something sharp. One blow with a glass would have caused them. Prosecutor had one small abscess, but that has healed up now.</p>
<p>(Defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19070108-name-191" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19070108-name-191" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-191" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19070108-name-191" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR SMITH</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I am a commission agent, and have known Rolls for 16 or 17 years. I had had no quarrel with him and had no reason whatever for any ill-feeling towards him. On December 17 I went to the complimentary benefit with my wife. Rolls was in the chair, sitting at a table, and as I walked in he said,</p>
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