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<p>1906, APRIL (2).</p>
<p>Vol. CXLIV.] [Part 859.</p>
<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<persName id="t19060430-name-1">
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<interp inst="t19060430-name-1" type="surname" value="WALPOLE"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-1" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WALPOLE</persName>,</p>
<p>Shorthand Writer to the Court.</p>
<p>EDITED BY</p>
<p>[Published by Annual Subscription.]</p>
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<p>On the King's Commission of</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>Held on Monday, April 30th, 1906, and following days.</p>
<p>Before the Right Hon.
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<interp inst="t19060430-name-2" type="surname" value="MORGAN"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-2" type="given" value="WALTER VAUGHAN"/>WALTER VAUGHAN MORGAN</persName>, LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; the Hon. Sir
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<interp inst="t19060430-name-3" type="surname" value="JELF"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-3" type="given" value="ARTHUR RICHARD"/>ARTHUR RICHARD JELF</persName> </hi>, Knight, one of the Justices of His Majesty's High Court; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-4" type="surname" value="KNIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-4" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY E. KNIGHT</persName> </hi>, Sir
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<interp inst="t19060430-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-5" type="surname" value="WILKIN"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-5" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER WILKIN</persName> </hi>, K. C. M. G., Sir
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<interp inst="t19060430-name-6" type="surname" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-6" type="given" value="MARCUS"/>MARCUS SAMUEL</persName> </hi>, Bart., Sir
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<persName id="t19060430-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-7" type="surname" value="TRUSCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-7" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE W. TRUSCOTT</persName> </hi>,
<persName id="t19060430-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-8" type="surname" value="CROSBY"/>T. B
<hi rend="smallCaps">CROSBY</hi> </persName>, and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-9" type="surname" value="GUTHRIE"/>W. GUTHRIE</persName> </hi>, Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t19060430-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-10" type="surname" value="FULTON"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-10" type="given" value="FORREST"/>FORREST FULTON</persName> </hi>, Knight, K. C., Recorder of the said City;
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t19060430-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-11" type="surname" value="BOSANQUET"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-11" type="given" value="FREDERICK ALBERT"/>FREDERICK ALBERT BOSANQUET</persName> </hi>, Esq., K. C, Common Serjeant of the said City; and His Honour Judge
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<interp inst="t19060430-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-12" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-12" type="given" value="LUMLEY"/>LUMLEY SMITH</persName> </hi>, K. C., Commissioner, His Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
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<interp inst="t19060430-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-13" type="surname" value="SMALLMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-13" type="given" value="HENRY GEORGE"/>HENRY GEORGE SMALLMAN</persName> </hi>, Esq., Alderman</p>
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<interp inst="t19060430-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-14" type="surname" value="BOWATER"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-14" type="given" value="THOMAS VANSITTART"/>THOMAS VANSITTART BOWATER</persName> </hi>, Esq., J. P.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="t19060430-name-15" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-15" type="surname" value="TICKLE"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-15" type="given" value="JAPHETH"/>JAPHETH TICKLE</persName> </hi>, Esq., C. C.</p>
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<persName id="t19060430-name-16" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-16" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-16" type="surname" value="LANGTON"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-16" type="given" value="JOSEPH DAVID"/>JOSEPH DAVID LANGTON</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MORGAN, MAYOR. SEVENTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>; Monday, April 30.</p>
<p>(Before Mr. Recorder.)</p>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">GRUNDY</hi>, Charles Sydney (30, solicitor)</persName>,
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<interp inst="t19060430-1-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-1-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>stealing the several sums of £1, £10, and £3 10s., the moneys of
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<interp inst="t19060430-name-18" type="surname" value="MORRIS"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-18" type="given" value="HAROLD CARLILE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-1-offence-1 t19060430-name-18"/>Harold Carlile Morris</persName>, his master.</rs> Police and other evi
<lb/>dence to the effect that, until this offence, prisoner had borne an excellent character.
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-1-19060430 t19060430-1-punishment-1"/>Sentence postponed till next Sessions.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">CLARK</hi>, William John (36, postman)</persName>,
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<interp inst="t19060430-2-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> to
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<interp inst="t19060430-2-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-2-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>steal
<lb/>ing a post letter containing a postal order for 16s., the property of the
<persName id="t19060430-name-20" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-20" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-2-offence-1 t19060430-name-20"/>Postmaster-General</persName>, being employed under the Post Office.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Beaumont Morice prosecuted.</p>
<p>The Recorder, in passing sentence, said. It used to be the practice of all judges, in the case of the Post Office servants, to pass a sentence of penal servitude; because the opportunities which postmen have of robbing are quite infinite, and it was thought necessary to past a sentence of penal servitude as a deterrent—as I well remember during the many years that I practised at this Court I am happy to say that that Draconian system has ceased to operate for many years past. But, at the same time, it is very necessary that there should, if possible, be uniformity of sentences in the case of Post Office servants, and it is absolutely necessary, in the public interest, that the punishment passed upon a postman should be more severe than that passed upon an ordinary individual, with a view to the protection of the public. It has been my practice, since I have occupied the position that I now fill, to pass, unless there are circumstances of exceptional aggravation, a sentence of nine months' imprisonment with hard labour. From that sentence I do not very often diverge. But there are exceptional circum
<lb/>stances in this case. This is an isolated act, and in your state
<lb/>ment to me you say that you do not know how on earth you came to do it. You have been for many years in this service.</p>
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<p>There is no evidence before me, nor is it suggested by counsel for the Post Office authorities, that there is any reason to suspect you of any previous act of dishonesty. Therefore, I think—and the most experienced alderman who is sitting beside me concurs with me—that the public interest will not suffer if
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-2-19060430 t19060430-2-punishment-2"/>I pass upon you a sentence of six months' imprisonment with hard labour. Having regard to the fact that you remained in custody, when you might have been admitted to bail, I will consider that you have in effect already served one month of that term, and the sentence upon you therefore is that you be imprisoned with hard labour for five calendar months.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">FELIX</hi>, Charles William (24, barman)</persName>,
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<interp inst="t19060430-3-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> to
<rs id="t19060430-3-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-3-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-3-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>feloniously demanding and obtaining from
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-3-offence-1 t19060430-name-22"/>H. M. Postmaster-General</persName> the sum of £1, by virtue of a certificate forged and altered P. O. Savings Bank deposit book, knowing same to be forged and altered and with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Prisoner had an account at the Post Office Savings Bank; by withdrawals it was practically closed, but he had not given up his pass-book. By erasing one, entry of a withdrawal of £1, and altering the balance, he was able to take advantage of a recent rule by which a depositor may withdraw on demand, with
<lb/>out notice, an amount not exceeding £1, the pass-book being taken as evidence of the necessary credit. Prisoner presented his pass-book, forged and altered so as to show a balance in his favour, and obtained £1 over the counter at a local post-office.</p>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-3-19060430 t19060430-3-punishment-3"/>Ten months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-4-19060430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19060430" type="age" value="39"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19060430" type="surname" value="GRIERSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19060430" type="given" value="GEORGE JOSEPH"/>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">GRIERSON</hi>, George Joseph (39, agent)</persName>,
<rs id="t19060430-4-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-4-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-4-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> to
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<interp inst="t19060430-4-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-4-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>forging and uttering four several writings purporting to be proposals for life insurances, with intent to defraud.</rs> To other indictments, for obtaining various sums from the Pearl Insur
<lb/>ance Company by false pretences, and for embezzling various sums received by him from and on account of the Pearl Insur
<lb/>ance Company, his masters, prisoner pleaded not guilty.</p>
<p>Mr. Cecil Fitch, for the prosecution, said he was content to rest the case on the indictment to which prisoner had pleaded guilty.</p>
<p>Mr. Travers Humphreys, who appeared for prisoner, said, by way of extenuation, that prisoner was a married man, with seven children; his wife was a confirmed dipsomaniac; she pawned everything in the home, even the children's clothing. He had been earning only a small weekly salary, and had been driven to these devices to obtain petty sums of a shilling or two or three shillings at a time, his total defalcations from the Pearl Company amounting to less than £12.</p>
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<persName id="t19060430-name-24" type="witnessName">
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<interp inst="t19060430-name-24" type="surname" value="SNELL"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-24" type="given" value="BERNARD"/>REV. BERNARD SNELL</persName> </hi>, minister of the Brixton Independent Chapel, said that prisoner, who was a member of his church and sang in the choir, had the reputation among all his col
<lb/>leagues of a thoroughly respectable, steady man.</p>
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<persName id="t19060430-name-25" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-25" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-25" type="surname" value="TYLER"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-25" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH TYLER</persName> </hi>, sister of prisoner's wife, confirmed counsel's statement as to the unhappy domestic life, the result of her sister's drinking habits; prisoner himself did not drink, and was a good husband and father.</p>
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<interp inst="t19060430-4-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-4-19060430 t19060430-4-punishment-4"/>Three months' imprisonment in the second division.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-5-19060430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19060430" type="age" value="58"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19060430" type="surname" value="WELSH"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19060430" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19060430" type="occupation" value="hawker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WELSH</hi>, John (58, hawker)</persName>
<rs id="t19060430-5-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-5-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-5-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>. Stealing the sum of £2 0s. 3d., the moneys of the
<persName id="t19060430-name-27" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-27" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-5-offence-1 t19060430-name-27"/>Postmaster-General</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Beaumont Morice prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-28" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-28" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-28" type="surname" value="KERRIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-28" type="given" value="ELLA"/>ELLA KERRIDGE</persName> </hi>, clerk to the Coal Supply Association, of 6, Vincent Square Mansions. On April 7 I went to the Churton Street Post Office to obtain a foreign money order for £4 3s. 10d.; I paid £4 4s. 10d., and received a form to fill up, which I took back to our office. The money I put underneath the brass rail on the counter, four sovereigns, and the rest in silver and bronze.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-29" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-29" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-29" type="surname" value="SWAN"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-29" type="given" value="ALICE"/>ALICE SWAN</persName> </hi>, clerk at Churton Street Post Office. I remem
<lb/>ber the last witness coming in on April 7 just alter ten in the morning, and leaving with me £4 4s. 10d.; I pulled the money through the brass rail to my side of the counter. Prisoner came in and offered to sell me some bootlaces. While I was looking at the bootlaces my fellow-clerk, Miss Lane, called out that he had taken my money. Prisoner ran out of the office, and I ran alter him and raised an alarm, and he was caught. I am certain this is the men.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. The office was quite empty at the time.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-30" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-30" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-30" type="surname" value="LANE"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-30" type="given" value="LILIAN"/>LILIAN LANE</persName> </hi>, clerk at Churton Street Post Office. I remem
<lb/>ber prisoner coming into the office; there was no one else there at the time on the public side. While he was talking to Miss. Swan I saw him put his hand under the brass rail; he took up some money and rushed out. I called out to Miss Swan, "The man has taken your money," and she ran out after him. I am sure prisoner is the man.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. I was half a yard away from Miss Swan; it is not true that I was four yards away at the other end of the office.</p>
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<persName id="t19060430-name-31" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-31" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-31" type="surname" value="CROSBY"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-31" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES CROSBY</persName> </hi>, hotel lift attendant, 33, Hanover Street, Pim
<lb/>lico. On April 7, at 20 past 10, I was walking up Churton Street, when I saw prisoner rush out of the post office; he was followed by two ladies, who shouted "Stop thief "; I ran after prisoner, also crying out, and saw prisoner stopped. I saw him put his hand over his shoulder, and throw something away; I cannot say what it was; there were road repairs going on, and whatever it was it made no noise.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300010"/>
<p>To Prisoner. I did not say at the police court that I saw you throw "coins" away; you threw something, I cannot tell what.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-32" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-32" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-32" type="surname" value="FERGUSON"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-32" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM FERGUSON</persName> </hi>, furniture dealer, 203, Vauxhall Bridge Road. On April 7 I heard people crying,"Stop thief," and saw prisoner running, and I stopped him. He went to raise his hand, but I did not see anything go out of his hand; it seemed to me as if he was beckoning to somebody, because there were some workmen in the road looking at him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-33" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-33" type="surname" value="HEPBURN"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-33" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>FRANCIS HEPBURN</persName> </hi>, a schoolboy. On April 7 I saw prisoner running along Vauxhall Bridge Road, and a crowd crying, "Stop thief "; I saw last witness catch him. I saw prisoner put his hand over his shoulder, and as soon as he had done that a workman on the tramline stooped down and put something in his pocket.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-34" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-34" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-34" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL LEWIS</persName> </hi> (P. C., 170 B). Prisoner was given into my custody on April 7 in Vauxhall Bridge Road, and charged with stealing £2 0s. 3d.; he said he did not do it; no money was found on him; he had one pair of laces; asked for his address, he gave "No fixed abode." He made no statement before the magistrate.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PRISONER</hi> (not on oath). I am not guilty. I admit I was in the post office; I went there to try to sell some bootlaces to buy some tobacco. My brother happened to be passing, and he called me. I left the post office and as I left there was a lady there, a well-dressed female, with an umbrella. I ran to over
<lb/>take my brother; as I was running there were cries of "Stop thief," and I was stopped and arrested. When I was searched they found no money on me.</p>
<p>To the Court I cannot say what became of the female; she disappeared.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SWAN</hi> and Miss
<hi rend="smallCaps">LANE</hi>, recalled, repeated that no one was in the public part of the office except prisoner.</p>
<rs id="t19060430-5-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-5-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-5-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>. Prisoner pleaded guilty to a conviction at Marlborough Street Police Court, in January last, for felony, in the name of Donovan; and the police further proved a con
<lb/>viction in 1904. Sentence,
<rs id="t19060430-5-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-5-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-5-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-5-19060430 t19060430-5-punishment-5"/>Eight months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>; Monday, April 30.</p>
<p>(Before the Common Serjeant.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060430-6">
<interp inst="t19060430-6" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060430"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-6" type="date" value="19060430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060430-6-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-6-19060430 t19060430-6-offence-1 t19060430-6-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060430-6-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-6-19060430 t19060430-6-offence-1 t19060430-6-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-6-19060430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-6-19060430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19060430" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19060430" type="surname" value="KENDRICK"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19060430" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19060430" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">KENDRICK</hi>, Samuel (25, labourer)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-6-19060430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-6-19060430" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-6-19060430" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def2-6-19060430" type="surname" value="PALMER"/>
<interp inst="def2-6-19060430" type="given" value="MAGGIE"/>
<interp inst="def2-6-19060430" type="occupation" value="flower-seller"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PALMER</hi>, Maggie (19, flower-seller)</persName>,
<rs id="t19060430-6-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-6-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-6-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> to
<rs id="t19060430-6-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-6-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-6-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>uttering counterfeit coin twice on same day well knowing the same to be counterfeit, and possessing counterfeit coin with intent to utter the same.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Partridge prosecuted.</p>
<p>Thirteen counterfeit coins were found in the possession of the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300011"/>
<p>prisoners. On Wednesday, April 18, Palmar purchased two
<lb/>pennyworth of chocolate at the shop, 139, Lavender Hill, tender
<lb/>ing a counterfeit florin, which being found to be bad was re
<lb/>turned to her uninjured. One of the shop assistants followed the woman, and saw her join the man. They were afterwards pointed out to P. S. Daniel Chapman and Constable Richard Hetley, who followed them without being observed to St. John's Hill, where the woman again went into a shop, leaving the man at a distance, and effected a purchase with counterfeit money. They were then seized, and 10s. 6d. in good money and 3s. 6d. in bronze was found upon them, together with several parcels, the result of small purchases. At the North London Sessions on June 9, 1903, Kendrick was sentenced to nine calendar months' hard labour for stealing; on January 25, 1902, at North London Sessions, to six months' hard labour for loiter
<lb/>ing with housebreaking implements in his possession; on Octo
<lb/>ber 25, 1904, at Guildhall Police Court, to six months' hard labour for being a suspected person loitering. Palmer had also a bad record. Some three months ago a man was assaulted and robbed of a gold watch and £25 in a room in Dorset Street where she was living. She was at that time acting as decoy for a gang and had been so for some months. The man who was concerned in that robbery was sentenced at the North London Sessions to seven years' penal servitude, and another woman to twelve months' hard labour, Palmer herself being discharged. Mr. McConnell advised her to leave such associations, and go with the missionary lady. She did so, but left the missionary the same night, and was seen in Dorset Street the next day. She acts as a prostitute, and has been with the male prisoner about three weeks.</p>
<p>Sentence, Kendrick,
<rs id="t19060430-6-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-6-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-6-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-6-19060430 t19060430-6-punishment-6"/>three years' penal servitude</rs>; Palmers,
<rs id="t19060430-6-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-6-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-6-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-6-19060430 t19060430-6-punishment-7"/>four months' hard labour.</rs> </p>
<p>The Common Serjeant said that Sergeant Chapman and Con
<lb/>stable Hetley deserved special commendation for watching pri
<lb/>soners and effecting their arrest.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060430-7">
<interp inst="t19060430-7" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060430"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-7" type="date" value="19060430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060430-7-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-7-19060430 t19060430-7-offence-1 t19060430-7-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-7-19060430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-7-19060430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19060430" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19060430" type="surname" value="WAY"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19060430" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19060430" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WAY</hi>, Charles (31, clerk)</persName>,
<rs id="t19060430-7-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-7-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-7-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> to
<rs id="t19060430-7-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-7-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-7-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>feloniously ob
<lb/>taining from
<persName id="t19060430-name-38" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-38" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-38" type="surname" value="DETTMER"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-38" type="given" value="LOUIS CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-7-offence-1 t19060430-name-38"/>Louis Charles Dettmer</persName> three albert chains and other goods by virtue of certain forged instruments, knowing the same to be forged, and with intent to defraud.</rs> Prisoner pleaded guilty to other similar offences.</p>
<p>Mr. Hutton prosecuted; Mr. Burnie appeared for prisoner.</p>
<p>The Common Serjeant said he had read the depositions, and it was very extraordinary that a man should have committed this series of forgeries who had never been convicted.</p>
<p>Mr. Hutton said the prosecutor in the case was Mr. Wallace Tripp, 24, Percy Street, Tottenham Court Road, diamond mer
<lb/>chant and jewellery manufacturer. Prisoner, a clerk in his</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300012"/>
<p>employ for several years, had to order from different firms un
<lb/>finished goods necessary to the process of manufacturing jewel
<lb/>lery from Calipe, Dettmer, and Co. The extent of Mr. Tripp's order was about £2 a month, paid sometimes in cash and some
<lb/>times by cheque. The forgeries commenced in September of last year, when prisoner ordered finished goods, such as Albert chains and rings, and clown to March of this year he had so ordered goods to the amount of £123 11s. 4d., which he had pawned. The prosecutor felt very much aggrieved against Calipe, Dettmer, and Co. for not letting him know that such a large sum was owing before March 26, when he received a telephone message asking for £60 on account. Mr. Tripp at once sent a representative to know what this meant, and was told that the goods had been forwarded to prisoner's written order. Prisoner, when questioned on the subject, gave a full and undoubtedly truthful account of the matter. Pri
<lb/>soner had hitherto borne a perfectly good character, and pro
<lb/>secutor, while feeling bound to prosecute, desired to commend him to the mercy of the court.</p>
<p>Mr. Burnie, for prisoner, described the case as exceptional. Prisoner had been tempted to the fraud through betting trans
<lb/>actions and by the facilities afforded him. It seemed a pity that the fraud was not at once stopped by reference to the prosecutor.</p>
<rs id="t19060430-7-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-7-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-7-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-7-19060430 t19060430-7-punishment-8"/>Twelve months' imprisonment</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060430-8">
<interp inst="t19060430-8" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060430"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-8" type="date" value="19060430"/>
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<persName id="def1-8-19060430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-8-19060430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19060430" type="age" value="41"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19060430" type="surname" value="GREENER"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19060430" type="given" value="FRANK"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19060430" type="occupation" value="manager"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GREENER</hi>, Frank (41, manager)</persName>,
<rs id="t19060430-8-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-8-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-8-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> to
<rs id="t19060430-8-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-8-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-8-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>felo
<lb/>niously marrying
<persName id="t19060430-name-40" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-40" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-40" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-40" type="given" value="FLORENCE SOPHIA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-8-offence-1 t19060430-name-40"/>Florence Sophia Smith</persName>, his wife being then alive.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Purcell prosecuted; Mr. Arthur Hutton appeared for prisoner.</p>
<p>Prisoner for twenty years had been manager to a firm of hop merchants in the Borough, with salary and earnings amounting to between £500 and £600 a year. On April 24, 1886, he mar
<lb/>ried Amy Priscilla Blandford, with whom he lived until 1899, when, in consequence of him having treated her badly, they parted, and he agreed to allow her 32s. a week, which had been regularly paid. In 1900 he made the acquaintance of Miss. Smith, to whom he represented himself as being a bachelor. She was living with her father and mother, and was in the employ of Messrs. Felix and Co., ostrich feather merchants. After two years' courtship prisoner married her in September, 1902, when of course she gave up her employment. For two years, according to Mr. Purcell, prisoner appeared to have treated her well. Then he took to drink, and Miss Smith intercepted a letter addressed to him in a woman's handwriting signed "Lil," and showing quite clearly that he was carry
<lb/>ing on an intrigue with another woman. Miss Smith then made inquiries, and found that the man she supposed to be her hus
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300013"/>
<p>had a wife living. She at once left him, and communi
<lb/>cated with the police. When arrested he said: "I shall plead guilty to this, and when it is all over I shall end it If I could have got upstairs last night I should have ended it then. I was a fool ever to have done it, as my first wife was a good woman, and I have been allowing her £84 a year." Another letter had come into the hands of the police showing that there was a woman to whom he had been engaged for some fifteen months, representing himself as an unmarried man. A circum
<lb/>stance in the case, not unworthy of note, said Mr. Purcell, was that prisoner's friends and family knew perfectly well that he was married, and that his wife was alive, but they never gave the least word of caution to the second "wife," and one of pri
<lb/>soner's fellow-clerks, to whom he handed the 32s. a week to take to the first wife, was actually present at the second wedding, and gave the second "wife" a wedding present None of them appeared to have thought there was any duty upon them to tell her that the man she was marrying had a wife living whom he was regularly supporting.</p>
<p>The Common Serjeant It is a question whether they are not liable for aiding and abetting the felony.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-41" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-41" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-41" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-41" type="given" value="FLORENCE SOPHIA"/>FLORENCE SOPHIA SMITH</persName> </hi>. prisoner was courting me for two years and a half, and represented himself to be a bachelor living in bachelor lodgings. He visited me at my father's house nearly every night Prior to the marriage there was no intimacy be
<lb/>tween us. For 18 months after marriage he treated me well. Then he neglected me, and went out a great deal. I had bad health, and was left alone in the house a long time. Then I got suspicious about him, and one day followed him. I followed him four days to the same house, where I found him in a room with a woman and a child. That was about three weeks before he was arrested. The letter produced signed "Lil" was re
<lb/>ceived when he was at home for a fortnight There seemed to be people waiting about the house, and he was very nervous. I opened the letter, though it was addressed to him, as I felt there must be another woman. I copied the letter, and gave him the copy, and he said he knew nothing about it. After Christmas he told me when he was in drink he had an illegiti
<lb/>mate son. He had a letter from the boy. That was the son by his marriage with his wife. I gave up my employment with Messrs. Felix upon my wedding, and now I have nothing in front of me practically but to turn out and work where I can get it. He prevented me selling my home—the scoundrel.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner did not make me an allowance of 12s. or 15s. a week before marriage or buy the trousseau. Except for a few presents, he spent no money on me before marriage. He did not buy mourning for me at my sister's death. That was paid for out of money my mother received from the insur
<lb/>ance company.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300014"/>
<p>Re-examined. When prisoner was arrested I stored the fur
<lb/>niture. A great deal of that I had bought with my own money, and there were some presents. Prisoner lodged a claim against it and prevented my selling it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-42" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-42" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>DETECTIVE SHARP</persName> </hi>. Since prisoner has been committed for trial the Governor of Brixton Prison has sent me a letter which was addressed to prisoner there. It is an anonymous letter, and refers to a woman he was living with. I have seen the woman at the house to which Miss Smith followed prisoner. She is a Mrs. Elizabeth Norton, and told me she had been en
<lb/>gaged to him for fifteen months, and believed all the time he was a single man.</p>
<p>Mr. Hutton, for the defence, said prisoner had been for 23 years in the employ of Messrs. Wigan, Richardson, and Co., hop merchants, and rose from junior clerk to be manager, a fact that testified to his good character. Being separated from his wife he held the mistaken view that he could marry again and it was not till he had been married to Smith for twelve months that he found he had committed a serious crime.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-43" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-43" type="surname" value="LOW"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-43" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD LOW</persName> </hi>, warehouse manager, High Road, Lewisham. I have known prisoner 20 years. He lived happily with his wife until they separated, and he had the reputation of being a kind husband. Lately, unfortunately, he has taken to drink.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-44" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-44" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-44" type="surname" value="HOUGHTON"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-44" type="given" value="WILFRED"/>WILFRED HOUGHTON</persName> </hi>, clerk in the Inland Revenue Depart
<lb/>ment. I have known prisoner four or five years. He has always borne a respectable character.</p>
<rs id="t19060430-8-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-8-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-8-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-8-19060430 t19060430-8-punishment-9"/>Three years' penal servitude</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060430-9">
<interp inst="t19060430-9" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060430"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-9" type="date" value="19060430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060430-9-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-19060430 t19060430-9-offence-1 t19060430-9-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-9-19060430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-9-19060430" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19060430" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19060430" type="surname" value="FOWLER"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19060430" type="given" value="LILY"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19060430" type="occupation" value=""/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOWLER</hi>, Lily (28)</persName>,
<rs id="t19060430-9-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-9-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-9-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> to
<rs id="t19060430-9-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-9-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-9-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19060430-name-46" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-46" type="surname" value="HOOPER"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-46" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-9-offence-1 t19060430-name-46"/>George Hooper</persName>, her husband being alive.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Bohn prosecuted; Mr. Forrest Fulton appeared for pri
<p>Prisoner was married in 1896, and there were two children of the marriage. She left her husband in 1899, and made the acquaintance of Hooper in 1903, and the bigamous marriage took place in 1905 at a registry office in Blackfriars Road. The matter came before the court because Hooper, hearing of the first marriage, wanted to clear himself. When arrested on April 4 prisoner said, "Do not lock me up. I did it on the impulse of the moment. It has been a wrong to me ever since."</p>
<rs id="t19060430-9-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-9-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-9-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-19060430 t19060430-9-punishment-10"/>One month, hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060430-10">
<interp inst="t19060430-10" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060430"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-10" type="date" value="19060430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060430-10-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-19060430 t19060430-10-offence-1 t19060430-10-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-10-19060430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-10-19060430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19060430" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19060430" type="surname" value="HARTY"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19060430" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19060430" type="occupation" value="porter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARTY</hi>, Henry (22, porter)</persName>
<rs id="t19060430-10-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-10-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-10-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, robbery with violence on
<persName id="t19060430-name-48" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-48" type="surname" value="BRANDS"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-48" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-10-offence-1 t19060430-name-48"/>Charles Brands</persName>, and stealing from him a watch and chain and divers moneys.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. G. Gregory Fisher prosecuted.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300015"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-49" type="surname" value="BRANDS"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-49" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES BRANDS</persName> </hi>, waiter, 13, Wynford Road, Islington. On April 6, at about one o'clock a. m., I was walking from Upper Street to Liverpool Road. I left my business at about half past 11 at the Great Eastern Hotel, and had a cab as far as the Angel. I was followed up Liverpool Road till I got to the back of the Agricultural Hall. I was deep in thought, and a fellow who was walking beside me asked me for a light, but before I could give him a light he butted me in the stomach and had his hands in my pockets. I hit him, and he then put his head between my legs. I called "Police," and with that three men rushed across the road. I thought they were coming to rescue me, but they held me down. I still kept calling "Police," and they ran off in different directions. Harty was the last to leave me, and the police coming on the scene, in response to my shouts, ran after and caught him. I identify Harty. He did not take any money. My watch and chain were taken while they were holding me down. I kept Harty in sight until he turned the corner. At the back of the Agricultural Hall I found him in the custody of the police.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. I was not drunk, but perfectly sober. I had been on a very late dinner at the Great Eastern Hotel. I had not time for either a train or a 'bus, so I had a cab as far as the Angel. I had two free drinks during the evening, which are allowed. After leaving I went into a public-house and had two bitters. If I had been the worse for liquor I should have ridden all the way home. The man who was walking by my side in Liverpool Road was three paces away from me. We were not walking arm in arm.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-50" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-50" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>HERBERT WRIGHT</persName> </hi> (P. C. 525, N). On April 6 at one a. m. I was in Cloudesley Square and saw prisoner running up Liver
<lb/>pool Road followed by another constable. I ran after him and stopped him. Prosecutor came running up behind and said prisoner was one of four that had robbed him of a watch, chain, and money. Prosecutor was quite sober. Prisoner denied the charge.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-51" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-51" type="surname" value="AVERY"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-51" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM AVERY</persName> </hi> (P. C. 391, N). On April 6 at one a. m. I saw prisoner struggling with prosecutor in Liverpool Road. I ran up to see what it was, and prosecutor said, "He has stolen my watch and money." Prisoner and another man ran away. I ran after this man, and in Cloudesley Square he was caught by the previous witness. Prosecutor identified the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PRISONER</hi> (not on oath). I am not guilty. I know the people who did it. I do not know them by name; I know them by nickname, and I know them more by sight, but I had no hand in it whatever.</p>
<rs id="t19060430-10-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-10-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-10-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty of robbery.</rs> Police proved that prisoner was sentenced on April 6, 1905, at Clerkenwell Police Court to six months' hard labour for stealing a bicycle in the name of Henry</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300016"/>
<p>Harty. There are three other convictions against him, and he has, generally, a bad character. Sentence,
<rs id="t19060430-10-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-10-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-10-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-19060430 t19060430-10-punishment-11"/>Twelve months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060430-11">
<interp inst="t19060430-11" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060430"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-11" type="date" value="19060430"/>
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<persName id="def1-11-19060430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-11-19060430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19060430" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19060430" type="surname" value="HENDERSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19060430" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19060430" type="occupation" value="dealer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENDERSON</hi>, William (33, dealer)</persName>
<rs id="t19060430-11-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-11-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-11-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, uttering counterfeit coin twice on same day well knowing the same to be counterfeit.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Robert Wilkinson prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-53" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-53" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HILL</persName> </hi>, fishmonger, Devas Street, Bromley-by-Bow. Pri
<lb/>soner came to my shop on Saturday, April 14, about eight o'clock, and asked for a nice piece of fish and potatoes. I gave him a penny piece of fish and a ha'porth of potatoes. He tendered in payment a 2s. piece and I gave him 1s. 10 1/2 d. change. When he had left the shop I picked up the 2s. piece to see if it was a good one, and on putting it between my teeth it bent. I handed the coin produced to the officer, who took him into custody. I followed prisoner, and saw him join two other persons, a man and a woman, and he gave the "lady" the fish and potatoes he had bought off me. When he sepa
<lb/>rated from them he went into the "Lord Nelson," and the man and woman walked on. I sent my "missis" for the police. A man named Steel followed the prisoner into the "Lord Nelson," and met him just as he was coming out. Prisoner then went on towards the "Two Beehives" beerhouse across the road, and about 20 yards or 30 yards away. I still followed, and saw the man and woman outside when he went in. In the meantime I had sent Steel to find the policeman on the point. When I went into the "Two Beehives" Gingell, the landlord, had a two-shilling piece in his hand. I asked him to let me see the money he had taken from prisoner, and he showed me a bad two-shilling piece. The constable then arrived and prisoner was taken into custody.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-54" type="surname" value="MASKELL"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-54" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM MASKELL</persName> </hi>, barman at the "Lord Nelson." I was serving on the evening of the 14th, between quarter and half-past eight. I served prisoner with a small soda, and he gave me a florin in payment. The man Steel then made a communi
<lb/>cation to me, and on looking at the coin again I found it to be a bad two-shilling piece. I think this coin (produced) is the one he gave me. I went after the prisoner and found him in the "Two Beehives," where he was given into custody.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-55" type="surname" value="GINGELL"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-55" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST GINGELL</persName> </hi>, licensee of the "Two Beehives." I was serving in the bar on the evening of the 14th. At ten minutes past eight prisoner came in and asked for a small bottle of soda water. He tendered in payment a two-shilling piece, which I found to be counterfeit. Prisoner rolled into the bar and pre
<lb/>tended to be drunk, but when I spoke to him about drinking the soda water out of the bottle he appeared to be sober, and he was sober at the time he was arrested. I afterwards handed the coin to the constable.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300017"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-56" type="surname" value="DEAN"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-56" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE DEAN</persName> </hi>, 634 K. I was called into the "Two Beehives" on the night of the 14th. I found prisoner detained there and he was given into custody on the charge of uttering counterfeit coin. The three counterfeit two-shilling pieces produced were handed to me. On Marching the prisoner I found on him 2s. 6d. in silver and 1d. in bronze. When taken into custody prisoner said nothing. At the station he said, "I am the b——y can for the others," meaning that the other people had made use of him for the purpose of uttering the coins. He refused to give any address.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-57" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-57" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>, Inspector of Counterfeit Coins to the Royal Mint. The three coins produced are from the same mould and fairly well made.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PRISONER</hi> (not on oath). On the Saturday the prosecutor speaks about I was in a house in the Whitechapel Road called "The Blind Beggar" and met there a man with whom I got into conversation about racing, and he asked me for a tip for the City and Suburban and I gave him Ambition. He asked me to have something with him, and at seven o'clock we went out and met a lady, whom he introduced as his sister. We went walk
<lb/>ing down the Mile End Road and had several more drinks and I began to get intoxicated. Eventually the woman asked me to go to the fish shop in Devas Street and get her some fish and potatoes, as she did not care to go in herself, and gave me the two-shilling piece. When I came out the man told me I had better go and have a soda, and gave me a two-shilling piece for the purpose. He then said I had better have another and gave me another two-shilling piece. When I was in the "Two Beehives" two men rushed in and gave me in custody. I did not know the two-shilling pieces were bad, and, if I had been intentionally passing bad money, is it feasible that I should have gone into places so close to each other?</p>
<rs id="t19060430-11-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-11-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-11-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-58" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-58" type="surname" value="DEAN"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-58" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE DEAN</persName> </hi>, recalled. Prisoner, when charged, refused to give any account of himself, and search of the records and exa
<lb/>mination of the finger-prints do not reveal anything against him. After his arrest it was discovered that he had been living for sixteen months at 33, Springfield Road, in the name of Lee, with a woman and four children, paying 6s. a week rent. It is asserted that he has been working for his mother, who is a feather-cleaner, but no information can be obtained to substan
<lb/>tiate this. The "wife" refused to give any information.</p>
<rs id="t19060430-11-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-11-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-11-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-19060430 t19060430-11-punishment-12"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>; Tuesday, May 1.</p>
<p>(Before Mr. Justice Jelf.)</p>
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<interp inst="t19060430-12" type="date" value="19060430"/>
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<persName id="def1-12-19060430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-12-19060430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19060430" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19060430" type="surname" value="EAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19060430" type="given" value="FREDERICK GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19060430" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EAMES</hi>, Frederick George (24, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19060430-12-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-12-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-12-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, feloniously causing bodily harm to
<persName id="t19060430-name-60" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-60" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-60" type="surname" value="SAUNDERS"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-60" type="given" value="EMILY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-12-offence-1 t19060430-name-60"/>Emily Saunders</persName>, with intent to kill and murder her and to do her some grievous bodily harm</rs>.
<rs id="t19060430-12-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-12-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-12-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>Prisoner pleaded guilty to the lesser charge.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300018"/>
<p>Mr. Lawless prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">TONBRIDGE</hi>. Prisoner had been lodging with the prosecutrix and her husband for about nine months. He did no work, and they were practically keeping him. He made love to the woman, and was ordered out of the house. The husband found him a situation as platelayer on the Great Central Railway, but he was too lazy to get up to go to work, and was in consequence discharged. Prisoner is an army reservist. He joined the Bedfordshire Regiment in January, 1902, and his time expired in January, 1905. He came out with a good certificate, but since then has done little or no work.</p>
<rs id="t19060430-12-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-12-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-12-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-19060430 t19060430-12-punishment-13"/>Nine months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060430-13">
<interp inst="t19060430-13" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060430"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-13" type="date" value="19060430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060430-13-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-19060430 t19060430-13-offence-1 t19060430-13-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-13-19060430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-13-19060430" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19060430" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19060430" type="surname" value="ROSENBERG"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19060430" type="given" value="FANNY"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19060430" type="occupation" value=""/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROSENBERG</hi>, Fanny (22)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t19060430-13-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-13-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-13-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="concealingABirth"/> for the murder of her newly-born female child; the Grand Jury having ignored the bill as regards the charge of murder, prisoner was proceeded against for concealment of birth.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. A. E. Gill and Mr. Leycester prosecuted; Mr. Burnie (at the request of the court) represented prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-62" type="surname" value="WILLIS"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-62" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WILLIS</persName> </hi>, 168, H. On March 18 I went to 13, Casson Street, with Police-constable Hawkins about six in the evening, and, accompanied by a Mrs. Bernstein, entered a back room on the ground floor. I saw prisoner sitting on the bed. Rebekah Lewis was present. I asked Rosenberg what was the matter. She shrugged her shoulders. Rebekah Lewis said, "What do you mean?" and pointed to something on the bed. I went round to the other side of the bed and saw a red petti
<lb/>coat lying on the bed outside the clothes. I turned it over and saw the child wrapped in a blouse, one sleeve of which was tied tightly round the neck. I undid the knot, turned the blouse back, and saw the child. A handkerchief was stuffed in its mouth, and a small piece of it was hanging out. I pulled it out, at the same time saying to Rosenberg,"Who did this?" She replied: "I did." I then sent for the divi
<lb/>sional surgeon. The body was cold.</p>
<p>Mr. Justice
<hi rend="smallCaps">JELF</hi>. Is that the only evidence of the secret disposition of the body of the child?</p>
<p>Mr. Gill said that was the only evidence. The woman ap
<lb/>peared to have been in the room by herself when she was confined.</p>
<p>Mr. Justice Jelf thought the mere covering of the body did not amount to secret disposition.</p>
<p>Mr. Gill admitted that the facts here went beyond any case decided hitherto. The nearest case was where the child was covered by a bolster.</p>
<p>Mr. Justice Jelf said this seemed to him to be carrying the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300019"/>
<p>case further than such a case had ever been carried. The more fact of covering the body with a petticoat was not sufficient. There was a case of Reg. v. Perry (Dears, 471), where the body was put between the bed and the mattress, which might be co mpared to putting it into a box, as it was a place which might not be examined, and afforded an opportunity of removal and final disposition at a later time. That and the bolster case (Reg. v. Goldthorpe, 2 Mood. C. C., 244) were the nearest to this; but he did not think it right to extend the principle to this case. It was, of course, a very suspicious case; but the larger charge had been quite properly thrown out by the Grand Jury, the child being an eight months' child, and the surgeon being unable to say positively that there had been separate existence. Apart from grave suspicion, and looking at the matter as a question under the Statute, the ingredient of secretly disposing of the body of the child was wanting.</p>
<rs id="t19060430-13-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-13-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-13-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="directed"/>By direction of the judge the jury returned a verdict of not guilty, and no evidence was offered upon the coroner's inquisition.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060430-14">
<interp inst="t19060430-14" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060430"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-14" type="date" value="19060430"/>
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<persName id="def1-14-19060430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-14-19060430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19060430" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19060430" type="surname" value="FULFORD"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19060430" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19060430" type="occupation" value="soldier"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FULFORD</hi>, Alfred (21, soldier)</persName>
<rs id="t19060430-14-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-14-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-14-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>. Feloniously attempting to throw
<persName id="t19060430-name-64" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-64" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-64" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-64" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-14-offence-1 t19060430-name-64"/>George Smith</persName> under a railway train with intent to kill and murder him;</rs>
<rs id="t19060430-14-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-14-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-14-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assault"/>assaulting
<persName id="t19060430-name-65" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-65" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-65" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-14-offence-2 t19060430-name-65"/>George Smith</persName>, a metropolitan police-constable, with intent to resist the lawful apprehension of himself; assaulting
<persName id="t19060430-name-66" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-66" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-66" type="surname" value="STARKEY"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-66" type="given" value="WILLIAM ALFRED"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-14-offence-2 t19060430-name-66"/>William Alfred Starkey</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Leycester prosecuted; Mr. Charles Mathews defended; Mr. Guy Lushington appeared for the London and South Wes
<lb/>tern Railway Company.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-67" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-67" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-67" type="surname" value="STARKEY"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-67" type="given" value="WILLIAM ALFRED"/>WILLIAM ALFRED STARKEY</persName> </hi>, timekeeper on the London and South-Western Railway. On April 1, at quarter to one, I saw prisoner at the Queen's Road Station. He was in uniform and accompanied by a woman. They came from the roadway up the steps of the station and along the platform on to the up Windsor through line, walking towards London. They got on to the rails by walking down the slope at the eastern end of the platform into the four-foot way and their backs were to the approaching trains. I followed them and asked prisoner where. he was going. He said to Battersea. I replied,"That is not the way to Battersea and you had better get back as soon as possible." He then commenced to abuse me and struck me in the mouth, making it bleed. I called to the flagman, John Isaacs, who was standing on the platform, to go for a police-constable, and Constable Smith came upon the scene a few minutes afterwards. In the interval I had got the prisoner 20 or 30 yards nearer the platform. I caught hold of him by the coat and was pulling him. When the officer arrived we were between the up Windsor through line and the linesman's hut, or toolhouse. I pave prisoner into custody, and told him I should charge him with assault and trespass. The constable said to</p>
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<p>prisoner,"You had better come quietly," and prisoner replied "I will fight you as well, and more." On turning round I saw that the train on the up Windsor through line had been stopped at the platform by the signalman. The signal-box was about 30 yards away, and I asked the constable if he thought he could manage prisoner while I went to the signalman to let the train through. He replied that he thought he could. Prisoner was then standing with his back to the toolhouse, the constable holding him. I ran towards the signal-box and called out to the signalman to let the train go by. He accordingly altered the signals and let the train through. When I turned round to go back to where I had left the constable I saw both of them struggling on the ground, but before I could reach them they had regained their feet. When they were on the ground they were between the linesman's hut and the up Windsor through line. The distance between the line and the hut was 7 ft. I then saw prisoner get hold of the constable by the throat with both hands and force him backwards towards the train which was then passing, at the same time saying,"You b——r, I will put you under the train." The constable was nearest to the train. I ran to the constable's assistance, and got hold of prisoner by the throat and endeavoured to force him back
<lb/>wards to the toolhouse, when some portion of the train which wan passing caught my left hand, cutting it. I could not see whether the train touched either of the others as it was very dark. The struggle continued, prisoner saying,"I will put the two of you b——rs under the train." He struck me again in the mouth causing it to bleed still more. We then threw him to the ground, and, having obtained further assistance after the train had passed, we carried him on to the platform, where he became so violent that he was strapped down to a company's stretcher and was taken to the police station. At the station he behaved most violently. He was drunk. The woman escaped up line during the melee and was afterwards caught walking in the down Windsor four-foot way towards London. We reached her just in time to push her out of the way of an approaching train. She was brought back and charged with being drunk and disorderly.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I should describe prisoner as having been mad drunk. I recollect him saying amongst other things that his father was a foreman on the line. He also mentioned the name of Sergeant Nichols. At the time I stopped him he was walking in a position of very great danger to himself. The step of the carriage would overlap, I suppose, by 8 in. or 9 in.</p>
<p>Re-examined. Prisoner took me for Sergeant Nichols, and said, "Sergeant Nichols. I will b——y well shoot you." I do not know any Sergeant Nichols, who was presumably a sergeant belonging to his own regiment.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300021"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-68" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-68" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-68" type="surname" value="MERRICK"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-68" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY MERRICK</persName> </hi>, civil engineer, employed at the Waterloo Station. I produce the plan of Queen's Road Station, which correctly shows the different lines, the platform, the signal-box, the toolhouse, and other sheds. The space between the toolhouse and the up Windsor line is just about 7 ft., and the train overlaps just about 2 ft., leaving 5 ft. for safety.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-69" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-69" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-69" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-69" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE SMITH</persName> </hi> (P. C. 616, W). A little before one on the morning of April 1 I was called to Queen's Road Station, and found prisoner and a woman detained by Starkey about 20 yards or 30 yards from the platform on the rails. Starkey said that he wished to give the prisoner into custody for trespassing obstructing him in his duty and assaulting him. Prisoner appeared to be very drunk, and I asked him what he meant. I asked him to go on to the platform, and he said, "No, I shall not go on to the platform. I will murder you; I will throw you on to the line." I still persuaded him, and at last I told him I should take him into custody, and caught hold of him by the belt. He made a blow at me which struck me in the chest. He kicked my feet from under me, and we both went to the ground. He struggled very violently and tried to force me on to the metals. With the assistance of one or two we got him up. He then struggled again. I backed him against the shed about 7 ft. or 8 ft. from the metals. There was a train coming in, and Starkey said he would go and stop the train. Starkey asked me if I thought I could manage him, and I said I would try. As soon as Starkey left me prisoner became very violent, and we struggled. I could see the train then coming along the line. I begged prisoner to be quiet. I could see the danger we were in. We both went to the ground again. The train was then close alongside of us, and we were lying head towards the approaching train, about 3 ft. away from the line. Prisoner seemed to get the upper hand of me, and turned me over, and my legs went round towards the rail. As the engine was pass
<lb/>ing the footplate or brake of the engine caught my right heel and turned it round into safety. I kept begging him to desist his violence and get up, and I was still clinging to his belt when Starkey came to my assistance. Prisoner said: "I will throw you both under the train; I will kill you both." When Starkey caught prisoner by the neck he was struggling with me and trying to force me back on to the rails. Some portion of the train struck Starkey and cut a piece out of his hand. We then threw him to the ground and secured him till we got further assistance, when we carried him on to the platform and strapped him on to the company's ambulance.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner was drunk, and appeared more like a madman for the time being. The struggle occurred in a space I should say of between 7 ft. and 8 ft. Prisoner himself was at times in as much danger of being run over as we were</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300022"/>
<p>I resumed duty in about ten days. I had no outward injury, but was very much unnerved for several days.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-70" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-70" type="surname" value="LIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-70" type="given" value="JOHN HENRY"/>JOHN HENRY LIGHT</persName> </hi>, signalman. On the morning of April 1 I saw Starkey, prisoner, and the woman outside my signal-box a little before one in the morning. I went down to them. This was before the constable had arrived. I asked what was the matter, and asked the soldier to go away. Starkey told me he had sent for a constable to have him locked up for trespassing on the railway. Prisoner was saving all manner of things, one being that he was going up that way to Battersea. He pulled his belt off and said he was going to box Starkey. He asked me to take his belt, but I told him to put it back again, and he put it back again. Finding that he was that way in
<lb/>clined, I went back to the signal-box and had all signals put at danger, which would prevent trains passing through the station on that road. As there was a train coming, I asked them what they were going to do, and I asked the constable to remove him on to the platform, which was easier said than done. They assured me nothing should happen, and I could let the train go. I went back to my box and let the train through. I did not see what happened when the train was going by. The next thing I saw was the soldier lying on the ground after the train had passed.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SHORTHOUSE</hi> (W Division). On the morning of April 1 I was acting-inspector at the Battersea Park Road Police Station, when prisoner was brought in on a stretcher. He was drunk and very violent, so violent that I had him removed from the dock and held on the floor while I took the charge. When I saw him again at seven in the morn
<lb/>ing he was quiet and sober. I asked him if he understood the gravity of the charge against him, and he said "No." I had not charged him with attempted murder. There were three or four charges against him. He was charged with trespassing on the railway and obstructing railway servants in the due execu
<lb/>tion of their duty, and with assault on Starkey, with assaulting Smith by kicking him on the legs, seizing him by the throat, and attempting to throw him under a passing train, with intent to do him grievous bodily harm, and, further, with being drunk. I read the whole of the charges to him, and he made no reply. The charge of attempted murder was added by the magistrate.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner was actually removed from the dock and not strapped down, but held down while the charge was being taken. At that time I do not think he understood the nature of the charge at all.</p>
<p>(Evidence for the defence.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PRISONER</hi> (on oath). I was in the Coldstream Guards for two years and eleven months. During the earlier portion of that</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300023"/>
<p>time I was a teetotaler, and I had been in the Army a little over twelve months before I had any drink at all. At the end of last year I had to go into hospital, and I remained there about three months. I was there allowed a bottle of stout a day. After Christmas I was on sick furlough, and during that time I took nothing but the bottle of stout allowed by the doctor. The sick furlough finished at the end of February, and after that I was in hospital again for three weeks. I was still allowed a bottle of stout per day. I left hospital a week before April 1. On March 31 I left barracks at about half-past six, having had some food about five o'clock, in company of a comrade, our intention being to go to the Standard Music Hall, near Victoria Station. While we were waiting for admission we went into the public-house on the opposite side of the road. In the music-hall we had more drink. I left the music-hall about nine o'clock because it was so hot, and proceeded in the direction of Westminster Bridge. I went into three public-houses on the way there, and into a fourth, in a turning to the left, at the beginning of the bridge. I cannot remember coming out of that one. The next recollection I have is that of waking up on Sunday morning in the police cell. I do not remember being in company with any woman. I do not remember going to the Queen's Road Station and getting down on to the line nor Starkey requesting me to remove from the dangerous posi
<lb/>tion in which I was, nor of the struggle with Smith. I do not remember being strapped down to a stretcher at the Queen's Road Station, nor being held down at the police station while the charge was being taken. I am not conscious of having formed an evil intention that night against anybody. I am sincerely sorry for all that occurred. My officers are here to speak to my character, and during the whole of the time that I have been in the regiment there has been but one report against me, and that only for some trifling irregularity.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I saw the woman at the police court I did not recognise her, and had no recollection of having seen her before. I do not know where Queen's Road Station is, nor where Vauxhall is. My barracks are the Wellington Barracks in the Buckingham Palace Road. I come from Warwickshire and have been in London about five months, coming from Alder
<lb/>shot. I do not know the neighbourhood of Battersea at all and have no friends there or at Queen's Road. I do not know who Sergeant Nichols is. I have no recollection of addressing Starkey as Sergeant Nichols and saying I would shoot him. As far as I know there is no one named Nichols in the regiment. I do not know any police officer named Nichols. I cannot explain how that name came into my head. I remember the police-sergeant coming; to the cells and looking through the door. I do not remember him coming in. Two or three police
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300024"/>
<p>came in, and I remember one of them reading the charge-sheet over.</p>
<p>Re-examined. It is not the fact that my father is a foreman on that line. He has been dead some years.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">EARL</hi> of
<hi rend="smallCaps">LANESBOROUGH</hi> (Major, Coldstream Guards). Prisoner has borne a very good character during the whole time he has been in the regiment. With the exception of a report upon some trifling matter, he has an unblemished sheet, and when I say his report is good I include in that that he has a good reputation as a quiet, peaceable, orderly, well-conducted man.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-71" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-71" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-71" type="given" value="GRANVILLE"/>GRANVILLE SMITH</persName> </hi>, commanding 3rd Battalion Cold
<lb/>stream Guards. Prisoner belongs to the battalion. The character given him by Lord Lanesborough is absolutely accu
<lb/>rate in all particulars. As commanding officer, I do not know every single man personally; but I happen to know this man because at different times at Aldershot he has come under my surveillance, and I do know of him that he is a quiet charac
<lb/>tered man, and I should have thought him one of the last to be obstreperous in any way.</p>
<p>Lieutenant Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-72" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-72" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-72" type="surname" value="BARTTELOT"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-72" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER BARTTELOT</persName> </hi>. Prisoner was in my company, and I had, therefore, many opportunities of seeing him and noticing his conduct. Ordinarily he was a sober, peaceful, well-conducted man, and a very good soldier indeed. With the exception of one trifling matter, he has an absolutely clean sheet, and has never been in trouble in the company at all. It is by the efforts of the officers of the regiment that he is being defended. We feel he is such a good man we should like to say all we can in his favour.</p>
<rs id="t19060430-14-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-14-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-14-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>Acting upon the advice of counsel, prisoner pleaded guilty to assaulting Constable Smith in the execution of his duty and to a common assault on Starkey.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Mathews then asked the jury to acquit prisoner on the count charging him with assaulting Smith with intent to kill. It was essential that the person charged with such an offence should be in a condition to form an intention, and upon the evidence prisoner was not in such a condition.</p>
<p>Mr. Justice Jelf, in summing up, said no doubt people in drunken fits did and said all sorts of things without any real intention; but it did not follow that because a man was drunk he had not the power of forming an intention. If the jury thought that prisoner was not capable of forming an intention, then that part of the indictment failed.</p>
<rs id="t19060430-14-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-14-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-14-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>The jury found prisoner not guilty of intent to kill and murder.</rs> </p>
<p>In answer to Mr. Justice Jelf, who asked as to the effect punishment by imprisonment would have on prisoner's career, Colonel Smith said very much depended upon himself as commanding officer. He would have to send a resume of the</p>
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<p>case to the proper authorities and ask whether prisoner should be discharged or not.</p>
<p>Mr. Justice Jelf, taking into consideration that prisoner had been in custody since April 1, sentenced him to
<rs id="t19060430-14-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-14-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-14-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-19060430 t19060430-14-punishment-14"/>five months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19060430-15" type="date" value="19060430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060430-15-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19060430 t19060430-15-offence-1 t19060430-15-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060430-15-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19060430 t19060430-15-offence-2 t19060430-15-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-15-19060430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-15-19060430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19060430" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19060430" type="surname" value="RANKIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19060430" type="given" value="GEORGE VALLER"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19060430" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RANKIN</hi>, George Valler (26, clerk)</persName>
<rs id="t19060430-15-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-15-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-15-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="extortion"/>, feloniously sending and causing to be received by
<persName id="t19060430-name-74" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-74" type="surname" value="RANKIN"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-74" type="given" value="GEORGE JOHN VALLER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-15-offence-1 t19060430-name-74"/>George John Valler Rankin</persName> a letter demanding money of him with menaces, without reason
<lb/>able or probable cause, well knowing the contents thereof and uttering same</rs>;
<rs id="t19060430-15-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-15-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-15-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="libel"/>maliciously publishing certain false and de
<lb/>famatory libels of and concerning
<persName id="t19060430-name-75" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-75" type="surname" value="RANKIN"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-75" type="given" value="GEORGE JOHN VALLER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-15-offence-2 t19060430-name-75"/>George John Valler Rankin</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. A. Neilson prosecuted; Mr. Walter Stewart was in
<lb/>structed for the defence under the Poor Prisoners Act, but withdrew from the case upon prisoner stating he wished to conduct it himself.</p>
<p>Mr. Neilson stated that prisoner's father had no desire to see his son in prison, but desired only to be free from the pos
<lb/>sibility of a recurrence of the abominable suggestions which were made on the postcards, and would be satisfied, subject to the approval of the court, with prisoner's undertaking.</p>
<p>Prisoner declined to give any undertaking, which would amount to a conviction.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-76" type="surname" value="RANKIN"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-76" type="given" value="GEORGE JOHH VALLER"/>GEORGE JOHH VALLER RANKIN</persName> </hi>, 32, Crewdson Road, Stockwell. I am a master in the London County Council School at Napier Street, Hoxton. Prisoner is my son. When I went to the school on March 5, 1906, I found the postcard produced await
<lb/>ing me. It is in my son's handwriting. I found a similar card at home at night. (The postcards were handed to the jury, but not publicly read.) I have received many similar communi
<lb/>cations from my son; but not so bad as these.</p>
<p>The jury found prisoner
<rs id="t19060430-15-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-15-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-15-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>guilty</rs>, and Mr. Justice Jelf sentenced him to
<rs id="t19060430-15-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-15-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-15-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19060430 t19060430-15-punishment-15"/>six months in the second division.</rs> In conse
<lb/>quence of prisoner's behaviour in court, Mr. Justice Jelf directed that the state of his mind should be inquired into, and said that, if necessary, he would communicate with the Home Secretary as to his punishment.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>; Tuesday, May 1.</p>
<p>(Before Mr. Recorder.)</p>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060430-16-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-19060430 t19060430-16-offence-1 t19060430-16-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060430-16-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-19060430 t19060430-16-offence-2 t19060430-16-verdict-2"/>
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<persName id="def1-16-19060430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-16-19060430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19060430" type="age" value="41"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19060430" type="surname" value="PAVEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19060430" type="given" value="FRANK ERNEST"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19060430" type="occupation" value="traveller"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PAVEY</hi>, Frank Ernest (41, traveller)</persName>
<rs id="t19060430-16-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-16-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-16-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/>; feloniously receiving 12 pairs of ladies' knickers, the goods of
<persName id="t19060430-name-78" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-78" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-78" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-16-offence-1 t19060430-name-78"/>Henry Smith</persName> and others, well knowing them to have been stolen.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Rose Innes prosecuted. Mr. Forrest Fulton defended.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-79" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-79" type="surname" value="DANCER"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-79" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE DANCER</persName> </hi>, Detective, City Police. On April 5, at</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300026"/>
<p>quarter to nine a. m., I was in London Wall, in company with Detective Dyer; for some days we had been keeping observa
<lb/>tion in the vicinity of the premises of the prosecutors, Messrs. Stapley and Smith, warehousemen. Just opposite is the "Weavers' Arms." I knew Ernest Clark by sight. I saw him leave the "Weavers' Arms" about nine and go to the lift entrance at Stapley and Smith's. A London and North-Wes
<lb/>tern Railway van drove up, and the carman, Edward Hamlin, alighted, carrying a white paper parcel; he joined Clark, and they both entered Stapley and Smith's. About two minutes afterwards Hamlin came out carrying this brown paper parcel (produced); he walked up and down London Wall about 100 yards beyond the "Weavers' Arms," then returned, and took the parcel into the same bar where I had seen Clark and came out without it. The van was standing outside prosecutors' premises in charge of a boy. Hamlin remained outside the public-house until he saw Clark enter the bar where the parcel was. Hamlin was about to walk away, when I spoke to him and told him I was a police-officer and took him inside the bar; there were present there the prisoner, Clark, and a gentle
<lb/>man with a silk hat, who was unknown to me, also Detective Dyer. I said to Hamlin,"Where is the parcel?" He pointed to it on the floor of the bar and said."There it is." I said pointing to Clark,"Is that the man who gave you the parcel to bring here?" He said, "Yes," and, pointing to Pavey, he said, "That is the man who is going to take the parcel away; I have brought several parcels here for him before." Neither Clark nor Pavey said anything. I left Dyer with them and went to fetch Sergeant Stewart, who was close by. Hamlin and Clark were then arrested. Pavey was asked to accompany us to the station, which he did; his name and address were taken, and he was asked to attend the Guildhall Police Court. In con
<lb/>sequence of Clark and Hamlin making further statements Pavey was, later in the day, arrested on the charge of being concerned with the other two in stealing and receiving the parcel. The parcel contains two cardboard boxes, each containing half a dozen pairs of ladies' knickers. On Clark being searched, there was found on him a half-sovereign and 11s. 10 1/2 d. in silver. He pleaded guilty at the police court, and was sentenced to 21 days' hard labour; Hamlin was acquitted.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not see Pavey till we entered the public-house. He then appeared to be talking to Clark and to the man with the top hat. He went voluntarily to the station and gave a correct name and address; he attended the police court at our request and was arrested there. We have found that he has never been charged with an offence. For 12 months he was a traveller with Early and Co. They discharged</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300027"/>
<p>him for not attending to his business and not coming at the proper time.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-80" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-80" type="surname" value="DYER"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-80" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>FRANCIS DYER</persName> </hi>, plain clothes patrol, City Police. On April 5, about nine a. m., I saw Pavey sitting in the corner of the private bar of the "Weavers' Arms," he was wearing a bowler hat. Dancer arrested Hamlin and took him on one side. I went behind a van and looked in the direction of the public-house and I saw Pavey looking in my direction. I went into the place with Dancer; there were there Pavey, Clark, and a man with a silk hat. Hamlin commenced to whisper to Clark, and I stopped him. Clark said, "I will speak the truth; I gave him the parcel to bring out," pointing to Hamlin. Hamlin turned, and, pointing to Pavey, said, "And that is the man that is going to take it away, and he has taken away several before." Pavey said, "Oh, all right."</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Dancer was present on the first occasion when Hamlin said, "That's the man who is going; to take it away," and Pavey said, "Oh, all right," not the second time; it was said twice. I think I did mention at the police court that it was said twice. This is a note of the conversation that I made on the property paper: "Hamlin said, yes, that is the man who is going to take it away, he has had several before; Pavey said, Oh, all right." That is my note of the first conversation; the second was a similar conversation; I have no note of that; I have nothing to show that there was a second conversation. I did not tell my brother officer that Pavey had said "That's all right." It was our first intention to arrest Pavey, but the sergeant overruled it.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I did at the police court give the conversa
<lb/>tion ending in Pavey saying,"That's all right." (Deposition read to this effect.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-81" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-81" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-81" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-81" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST CLARK</persName> </hi>. Until April 5 I was in the employment of Stapley and Smith as a porter. On April 12 I pleaded guilty, at Guildhall Police Court, to stealing these Knickers; my sentence of 21 days' imprisonment expires to-day. I have known prisoner four or five months; I do not know what he is. I first met him in the "Weavers' Arms "; and got talking about horse-racing. He asked me if I was employed at Stapley and Smith's; I said, "Yes." He said, "Could you get me any
<lb/>thing, as things are very hard up at home; we are not able to pay the rent?" I said I did not like the idea of such a thing. He said, "It don't matter what it is—anything will do." After meeting him several times he succeeded in inducing me. I said, "What shall I get?" meaning what stall I steal. He said, "Get some ladies' knickers." These two boxes produced I took from my employers. On April 5, about nine o'clock, Hamlin came up, and I gave him the parcel, telling him to take it to the "Weavers' Arms." I followed him to that house, and there</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300028"/>
<p>met Pavey. The parcel was put in the corner. I looked at Pavey and nodded to him, and he acknowledged my nod. He gave me 10s.; that was the half sovereign found on me when I was searched. That was given me by Pavey, not for this, but for a previous parcel—some ladies' chemises, that he had on April 2. I was just leaving the public-house when the detec
<lb/>tives came in to Hamlin. Hamlin said, "That's the man that gave me the parcel," meaning me, and "That's the man that's going to take it away," meaning Pavey. Pavey said nothing at all; I am suite clear about that. I had been in the employ
<lb/>ment of Stapley and Smith seven or eight years; I went there with a good character from the Navy.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-82" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-82" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-82" type="surname" value="HAMLIN"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-82" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES HAMLIN</persName> </hi>, 5, Leinster Road, Kilburn. I was carman in the employ of the L. and N. W. Railway, and was in the habit of delivering parcels at Stapley and Smith's. On April 5 I went there in my van, and took a parcel wrapped in white paper. Clark gave me a brown paper parcel and said, "Take this over to the pub for us." I took it to the "Weavers' Arms "; I had been there before for him. I left the parcel for Clark just inside the private bar. I saw Pavey and a stranger there. I had seen Pavey before in the public-house. I had taken about four parcels there before this. I did not know that Clark was stealing them; I thought he was doing some trade of his own. On each occasion of my taking parcels I had seen Pavey there. I never received a penny from Clark or Pavey. As I was going out I was taken into custody, and taken back to the private bar. I did not speak to Pavey, but I said to Clark, "You have fetched me into a nice mess." The detective said, "Which was the man that gave you the parcel?" and I pointed to Clark. One of the others said, "Which is the man that is going to take it away?" and I said Pavey. I did not hear Pavey say anything. I was charged at the police court, but not sent for trial.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The first of the four parcels I had from Clark I took to the "Plough" public-house; Pavey was not there. I said at the police court,"On each of the three occa
<lb/>sions I refer to Clark came in before I went out, and I left the goods I had taken in the possession of Clark." On this last occasion he was not there, and I left them for him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-83" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-83" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-83" type="surname" value="BRUTON"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-83" type="given" value="ERNEST GEORGE"/>ERNEST GEORGE BRUTON</persName> </hi>, manager of the entering and packing department of Stapley and Smith, identified the parcel pro
<lb/>duced as containing goods belonging to them, of the value of 25s.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-84" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-84" type="surname" value="LYON"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-84" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT LYON</persName> </hi>, Detective-inspector, City Police. I arrested Pavey on April 5 outside Guildhall Police Station. I told him Clark had stated that he had given him 10s. for a parcel which he and the carman were charged with stealing. He said, "I know Clark. I have been in the habit of meeting him in that public-house, where we used to have a bet—a shilling or two</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300029"/>
<p>double on a horse." I said, "Clark has also said that you bought several other parcels from him under similar circum
<lb/>stances, and that you first approached him about getting goods for him in this way at the "Plough" public-house. He said, "I should like to see Clark face to face." I said, "You will have an opportunity of doing that; I am going to arrest you." He said, "I don't see what the matter is to do with me at all." At the station he made no further reply.</p>
<p>No evidence was called for the defence.</p>
<rs id="t19060430-16-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-16-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-16-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>On two other indictments—
<rs id="t19060430-16-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-16-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-16-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/>for receiving a parcel of chemises under similar circumstances,</rs> and for
<rs id="t19060430-16-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-16-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-16-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>inciting Clark to commit felony</rs>
<rs id="t19060430-16-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-16-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-16-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>no evidence was offered by the prosecution, and a verdict of Not guilty was entered.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19060430-17" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060430"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-17" type="date" value="19060430"/>
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<persName id="def1-17-19060430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-17-19060430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19060430" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19060430" type="surname" value="WARMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19060430" type="given" value="ISRAEL"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-19060430" type="occupation" value="salesman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WARMAN</hi>, Israel (29, salesman)</persName>
<rs id="t19060430-17-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-17-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-17-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, fraudulently misappro
<lb/>priating the sum of £2 10s. entrusted to him by
<persName id="t19060430-name-86" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-86" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-86" type="surname" value="PINDER"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-86" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-17-offence-1 t19060430-name-86"/>Elizabeth Pinder</persName>.</rs>
<rs id="t19060430-17-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-17-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-17-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>No evidence was offered for the prosecution, and a verdict of Not guilty was entered.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19060430-18" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060430"/>
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<persName id="def1-18-19060430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-18-19060430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19060430" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19060430" type="surname" value="GOLDBERG"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19060430" type="given" value="BARNARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19060430" type="occupation" value="barber"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GOLDBERG</hi>, Barnard (21, barber)</persName>
<rs id="t19060430-18-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-18-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-18-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t19060430-name-88" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-88" type="surname" value="COPE"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-88" type="given" value="DAVID"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-18-offence-1 t19060430-name-88"/>David Cope</persName>, and stealing therein two cigarettes and the sum of £9 19s.</rs>
<rs id="t19060430-18-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-18-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-18-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>No evidence was offered for the prosecu
<lb/>tion, and a verdict of Not guilty was entered.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060430-19">
<interp inst="t19060430-19" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060430"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-19" type="date" value="19060430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060430-19-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-19-19060430 t19060430-19-offence-1 t19060430-19-verdict-1"/>
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<persName id="def1-19-19060430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-19-19060430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19060430" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19060430" type="surname" value="SEYMOUR"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19060430" type="given" value="HY"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19060430" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SEYMOUR</hi>, Hy. (35, labourer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19060430-19-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-19-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-19-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> to
<rs id="t19060430-19-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-19-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-19-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>breaking and entering a place of divine worship,
<placeName id="t19060430-geo-1">
<interp inst="t19060430-geo-1" type="type" value="site"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-19-offence-1 t19060430-geo-1"/>St. Mary's Church, Bourdon Street</placeName>, with intent to steal;</rs>
<rs id="t19060430-19-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-19-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-19-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/>also to being found in possession of housebreaking implements;</rs> also to a previous conviction, on October 11, 1904, at Clerkenwell, in the name of George West; other convictions were proved. Sentence,
<rs id="t19060430-19-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-19-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-19-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-19-19060430 t19060430-19-punishment-16"/>Twelve months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060430-20">
<interp inst="t19060430-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060430"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-20" type="date" value="19060430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060430-20-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-19060430 t19060430-20-offence-1 t19060430-20-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-20-19060430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-20-19060430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19060430" type="age" value="46"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19060430" type="surname" value="MELLER"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19060430" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19060430" type="occupation" value="actor"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MELLER</hi>, Arthur (46, actor)</persName>, pleaded guilty to
<rs id="t19060430-20-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-20-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-20-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>committing acts of gross indecency with
<persName id="t19060430-name-91" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-91" type="surname" value="O'BRIEN"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-91" type="given" value="STEPHEN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-20-offence-1 t19060430-name-91"/>Stephen O'Brien</persName> and
<persName id="t19060430-name-92" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-92" type="surname" value="PHILLIPS"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-92" type="given" value="FREDERICK CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-20-offence-1 t19060430-name-92"/>Frederick Charles Phillips</persName>.</rs> Sentence,
<rs id="t19060430-20-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-20-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-20-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-19060430 t19060430-20-punishment-17"/>Eighteen months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19060430-21" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060430"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-21" type="date" value="19060430"/>
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<persName id="def1-21-19060430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-21-19060430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19060430" type="age" value="50"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19060430" type="surname" value="WHEELER"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19060430" type="given" value="CHARLES GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19060430" type="occupation" value="fitter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WHEELER</hi>. Charles George (50, fitter)</persName>,
<rs id="t19060430-21-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-21-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-21-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> to
<rs id="t19060430-21-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-21-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-21-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t19060430-name-94" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-94" type="surname" value="SUTTON"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-94" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-21-offence-1 t19060430-name-94"/>Robert Sutton</persName> a gun with intent to defraud.</rs> He also pleaded guilty to having been con
<lb/>victed at Guildhall, on February 13, 1897, and other convictions were proved. The prisoner had since then borne a very good character, had served his country in the Imperial Yeomanry, and won the Royal Humane Society's Medal.
<rs id="t19060430-21-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-21-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-21-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-19060430 t19060430-21-punishment-18"/>Discharged on his own recognisances in £100 to come up for judgment if called upon.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-22-19060430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19060430" type="surname" value="HOPPER"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19060430" type="given" value="JAMES JACOB"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HOPPER</hi>, James Jacob</persName>,
<rs id="t19060430-22-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-22-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-22-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> to
<rs id="t19060430-22-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-22-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-22-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>forging and utter
<lb/>ing an order for the payment of £20 10s., and also obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t19060430-name-96" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-96" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-22-offence-1 t19060430-name-96"/>Barclay and Co., Limited</persName>, the sum of £20 10s. with intent to defraud.</rs>
<rs id="t19060430-22-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-22-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-22-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-19060430 t19060430-22-punishment-19"/>Discharged, on his own recog
<lb/>nisances in £50, to come up for judgment if called upon.</rs> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300030"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>; Tuesday, May 1.</p>
<p>(Before the Common Serjeant.)</p>
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<interp inst="t19060430-23" type="date" value="19060430"/>
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<interp inst="def1-23-19060430" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19060430" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19060430" type="surname" value="SHEPPERSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19060430" type="given" value="EDITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-19060430" type="occupation" value="flower seller"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SHEPPERSON</hi>, Edith (23, flower seller)</persName>
<rs id="t19060430-23-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-23-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-23-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>, feloniously marry
<persName id="t19060430-name-98" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-98" type="surname" value="COX"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-98" type="given" value="GEORGE JEREMIAH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-23-offence-1 t19060430-name-98"/>George Jeremiah Cox</persName>, her husband,
<persName id="t19060430-name-99" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-99" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-99" type="given" value="ALBERT EDWIN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-23-offence-1 t19060430-name-99"/>Albert Edwin Smith</persName>, being then alive.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Partridge prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-100" type="surname" value="BURRILL"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-100" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BURRILL</persName> </hi>, Detective-sergean't X Division. On March 30, 1906, I was in Vernon Street, West Kensingtan, out
<lb/>side the West London Police Court, when Cox and prisoner came to me. Cox said, "I wish to give myself up for bigamy. I married my wife 12 years ago, and her (pointing to the pri
<lb/>soner) on January 27, 1905. I saw my wife two or three days ago. Prisoner knew I was a married man." Prisoner said, "Quite right, I did." Cox then said, "And I am going to give her into custody for committing bigamy with me. She is a married woman. She married a soldier at Birmingham. I did not know it until nine months ago." The woman said, "That is a lie. I have never been married." I then took them to the station. In consequence of a communication I received I went to the prisoner, who was then detained in a cell. She said, "I may as well tell you the truth. I was married, I believe, on October 10, 1898 or 1899, at St. Mark's Church, Birmingham, to Albert Edwin Smith." When the charge was read over she made no reply. I produce certificate of marriage of the prisoner with Smith at St. Mark's Church, Aston, in the city of Warwick, obtained at Somerset House. Certificate pro
<lb/>duced shows that the marriage took place at the Oratory, Brompton Road, of prisoner with G. J. Cox.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-101" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-101" type="surname" value="HACKDEN"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-101" type="given" value="THOMAS JAMES"/>THOMAS JAMES HACKDEN</persName> </hi>, 29, Rocky Lane, Leech Hill, Bir
<lb/>mingham, printer. I know the prisoner. On October 10, 1898, I gave her away in marriage to Albert Edward Smith, and signed my name as a witness. I saw Smith on April 7, Smith was a soldier receiving a pension.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-102" type="surname" value="MILTON"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-102" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MILTON</persName> </hi> (P. C. 342 X). I had a conversation with pri
<lb/>soner about February, 1902. She told me she was receiving 10s. a week from her husband, who was then serving with the colours in South Africa.</p>
<p>Prisoner's statement before the magistrate: I heard my hus
<lb/>band was dead and had died out in South Africa.</p>
<rs id="t19060430-23-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-23-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-23-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>; sentence,
<rs id="t19060430-23-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-23-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-23-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-19060430 t19060430-23-punishment-20"/>One month's hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060430-24">
<interp inst="t19060430-24" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060430"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-24" type="date" value="19060430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060430-24-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-24-19060430 t19060430-24-offence-1 t19060430-24-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-24-19060430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-24-19060430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19060430" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19060430" type="surname" value="COX"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19060430" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19060430" type="occupation" value="painter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COX</hi>, George (32, painter)</persName>,
<rs id="t19060430-24-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-24-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-24-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> to
<rs id="t19060430-24-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-24-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-24-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>feloniously marrving
<persName id="t19060430-name-104" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-104" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-104" type="surname" value="SHEPPERSON"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-104" type="given" value="EDITH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-24-offence-1 t19060430-name-104"/>Edith Shepperson</persName>, his wife being then alive.</rs> Nine
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300031"/>
<p>convictions for larceny, drunkenness, and assault were proved against prisoner. Sentence,
<rs id="t19060430-24-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-24-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-24-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-24-19060430 t19060430-24-punishment-21"/>Four months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060430-25">
<interp inst="t19060430-25" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060430"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-25" type="date" value="19060430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060430-25-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-19060430 t19060430-25-offence-1 t19060430-25-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-25-19060430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-25-19060430" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19060430" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19060430" type="surname" value="SULRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19060430" type="given" value="HANNS"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19060430" type="occupation" value="traveller"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SULRY</hi>, Hanns (33, traveller)</persName>
<rs id="t19060430-25-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-25-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-25-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, forging and uttering endorse
<lb/>ment on an order for the payment of £1 8s. 6d. with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Huntly Jenkins prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-106" type="surname" value="WALKER"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-106" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK WALKER</persName> </hi>, 202, Cornwall Road, Kensington, dealer in fancy goods. I employed prisoner as a traveller on Sep
<lb/>tember 11, 1905, under the following written agreement: "I, Hanns Sulry, of 19, Charles Street, Paddington, W., agree to represent F. Walker, 202, Cornwall Road, Notting Hill, W., as a traveller upon £1 per week wages having turned £5 over first, and all orders over £5 I shall receive 5 per cent. commis
<lb/>sion on all cash paid in. He shall solely represent me only and my goods. He shall be paid per week, and shall give one clear week's notice on leaving. All samples bought by him must be paid for. I agree to act upon these terms—Hanns Sulry." That is my writing, and prisoner signed it. It was verbally said that he should account for the moneys received every day. On November 5 he called on me. I told him to bring his bag in next morning to be checked. He did not do so. I received a card saying be bed received Morris's account. He was carrying stock for sale to the value of about £20. On November 13 he wrote me a card saying,"I have sent your bag with Carter, Paterson, and Co." He never called on me after November 5, and after making inquiries I applied for a warrant. Cheques produced for £1 8s. 6d. signed by E. George, and for 9s. 10d. signed by E. M. Jones payable to F. Walker are cheques of my customers. The endorsement "F. Walker" is in prisoner's handwriting. Prisoner did not account for those two sums to me. He had no authority to sign my name. I owed him no money whatever.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I told prisoner when I engaged him to come in each day. On one occasion I told him he need not come because he had an appointment with a customer of his. George was a customer introduced by prisoner. I told prisoner it was not paying me nor paying him and he would have to do more orders or I would have to terminate the agreement. I paid his wages for the first three weeks.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I did not pay his wages after the three weeks because of the turnover. He brought orders in the first week ending September 23 for £7 19s. 6d., of which only £1 8s. 3d. was genuine; for the week ending September 30 £5 17s., of which none were genuine; for the week ending October 7 £4 6s. 2d., of which £1 0s. 6d. were genuine. The other orders were bogus ones. When I paid him the first and second week I did not know that those were bogus orders. I found that out after the warrant had been issued. I did not pay him the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300032"/>
<p>fourth week because he had obtained no orders and I did not owe him anything.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-107" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-107" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-107" type="given" value="OWEN GWYNNE"/>OWEN GWYNNE JONES</persName> </hi>, 20, Carlton Road, Battersea, draper. I paid prisoner cheque produced for 9s. 10d. on October 23 for goods received. The cheque has been paid at the bank.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-108" type="surname" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-108" type="given" value="VALENTINE"/>VALENTINE GEORGE</persName> </hi>, 120, West Ames Lane, West Hampstead, hairdresser. I gave prisoner cheque produced for £1 8s. 6d. in payment for goods received at the time from the prisoner. It has been cashed at the bank.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-109" type="surname" value="STARR"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-109" type="given" value="CONSTANTINE"/>CONSTANTINE STARR</persName> </hi>, 182, Albany Street, hairdresser. Pri
<lb/>soner brought me cheque produced for 9s. 10d., and I gave him cash for it to oblige him, as he said he had no bank account. I have known him eight or ten months as a traveller. I also gave prisoner cash for the cheque produced, £1 8s. 6d.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-110" type="surname" value="BURRILL"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-110" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BURRILL</persName> </hi>, Sergeant, X Division. When prisoner was charged with forging the endorsement on two cheques he asked to see the cheques. I handed them to him, and he said, "Yes, they are the two cheques I gave to Mr. Starr—that is my writing on the back."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PRISONER</hi> (not on oath). Mr. Walker engaged me at a weekly wage of £1 as soon as ever I turned over £5. He said he would pay me 5 per cent. commission on all orders that I brought him. I took £5 in orders and he paid me the sovereign a week, and, through my taking the £5 of orders, he had, according to the contract, to pay me £1 every week. The first three weeks Mr. Walker paid me 20s. Then he sent me a letter, in which he wrote that he could not pay me any longer the 20s. a week unless I took £5. I did not answer this letter because I kept to my contract. He paid me that week no wages at all. The following week he said to me,"It is no good to you if you are not getting any wages, and I will pay you some wages." Then afterwards he said."If you do not bring me more orders I shall have to give you notice." By reason of that, according to my idea, he had recognised our former contract again and had therefore to pay me every week 20s. He did not give me any notice, but instead had let me work on for him. I worked for him from nine in the morning till the evening. The reason why I could not get more orders was because he had told me that he would only deliver goods on cash payment, and I had to find most of the customers myself, as the number of old customers that I took over to him was very small, and they would not give me any orders for Mr. Walker again. I was firmly convinced that, according to my contract, he had to pay me the 20s. a week. I went twice to him but he did not pay me anything. I did my very best to do as much business as I could for him with the idea that he would then pay me my wages. Goods that were given to me by prosecutor were on my own account. I either had to pay</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300033"/>
<p>for them or else give them back; therefore the goods I sold to Mr. George were really my goods, and the cheque that he paid me belonged to me, and also the 19s. 6d. that Mrs. Morris paid me. I gave notice of that to Mr. Walker. I did not pay him the money because he had not reckoned with me and had paid me no wages. For that very same reason I did not give the cheque from Mr. Jones to him. I worked for him from early in the morning till evening, and prosecutor told me,"You cannot pay your rent because I do not give you any money." I was under the firm conviction that, as we had no settled accounts, I had a perfect right to keep the money. After I had seen that I could not continue to work for Mr. Walker as I was doing no business, I sent him the bag back with nearly all the goods that had been in the bag. Therefore the amount that I had from Mr. Walker was less than the money I had earned—in fact, he was owing me five weeks' wages. I did not think I could come in any way in contact with the law as I looked upon the goods as my own.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-111" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-111" type="surname" value="WALKER"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-111" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK WALKER</persName> </hi>, recalled. Prisoner came to me almost every day for the first three weeks. After that he treated the matter with contempt. I told him he must do the trade. I spoke to him in English, and he understood me, because I cannot speak German. I had no discussion with him about his being paid nothing at all. I asked him when I engaged him if he understood the agreement, and he said he did. When he sent the bag back, out of £20 worth of goods supplied, about £15 worth was missing. Prisoner never asked for wages after the first three weeks.</p>
<rs id="t19060430-25-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-25-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-25-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>. The jury stated they thought the agree
<lb/>ment was a very harsh one for anybody to work under. Sen
<rs id="t19060430-25-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-25-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-25-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-19060430 t19060430-25-punishment-22"/>three months' hard labour. Prisoner certified for expul
<lb/>sion under Aliens Act.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060430-26">
<interp inst="t19060430-26" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060430"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-26" type="date" value="19060430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060430-26-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-19060430 t19060430-26-offence-1 t19060430-26-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060430-26-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-19060430 t19060430-26-offence-2 t19060430-26-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-26-19060430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-26-19060430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19060430" type="age" value="62"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19060430" type="surname" value="CLEMENTS"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19060430" type="given" value="LOUIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19060430" type="occupation" value="journalist"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CLEMENTS</hi>, Louis (62, journalist)</persName>
<rs id="t19060430-26-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-26-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-26-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, having been entrusted with certain property, by
<persName id="t19060430-name-113" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-113" type="surname" value="LANGFORD"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-113" type="given" value="EDGAR STANLEY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-26-offence-1 t19060430-name-113"/>Edgar Stanley Langford</persName> with £5 in money and postal orders for £1 10s.; by
<persName id="t19060430-name-114" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-114" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-114" type="surname" value="CROSFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-114" type="given" value="OLIVE MARGARET"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-26-offence-1 t19060430-name-114"/>Olive Margaret Cros
<lb/>field</persName> with a banker's cheque for £7 7s.; by
<persName id="t19060430-name-115" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-115" type="surname" value="LAWSON"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-115" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-26-offence-1 t19060430-name-115"/>Joseph Lawson</persName> with a banker's cheque for £5; by
<persName id="t19060430-name-116" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-116" type="surname" value="SEGAR"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-116" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-26-offence-1 t19060430-name-116"/>Frederick Segar</persName> with a banker's cheque for £3 5s.; by
<persName id="t19060430-name-117" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-117" type="surname" value="ROBINSON"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-117" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-26-offence-1 t19060430-name-117"/>John Robinson</persName> with a banker's cheque for £3; and by
<persName id="t19060430-name-118" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-118" type="surname" value="SHARP"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-118" type="given" value="WILLIAM JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-26-offence-1 t19060430-name-118"/>William James Sharp</persName> with a banker's cheque for £3, for a certain purpose did fraudulently convert the same to his own use and benefit;</rs>
<rs id="t19060430-26-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-26-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-26-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>in incurring certain debts and liabilities to the amount of £1 15s. to
<persName id="t19060430-name-119" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-119" type="surname" value="BASS"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-119" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-26-offence-2 t19060430-name-119"/>Herbert Bass</persName>; £1 10s. to
<persName id="t19060430-name-120" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-120" type="surname" value="MACINTYRE"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-120" type="given" value="HAROLD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-26-offence-2 t19060430-name-120"/>Harold MacIntyre</persName>; £5 5s. to
<persName id="t19060430-name-121" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-121" type="surname" value="PORTER"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-121" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-26-offence-2 t19060430-name-121"/>Harry Porter</persName>; £2 10s. to
<persName id="t19060430-name-122" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-122" type="surname" value="WINSON"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-122" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-26-offence-2 t19060430-name-122"/>Henry Winson</persName>; and £3 to
<persName id="t19060430-name-123" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-123" type="surname" value="SKILTON"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-123" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-26-offence-2 t19060430-name-123"/>Edward Skilton</persName>, did obtain credit by means of fraud other than false pretences.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. R. D. Muir, Mr. Bodkin, and Mr. Kershaw prosecuted; Mr. Lionel Benson defended.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300034"/>
<p>Medical evidence having been called to prove that Joseph Lawson and Harold MacIntyre were unable to be present, the depositions of those witnesses taken before the police magistrate were read.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-124" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-124" type="surname" value="LANGFORD"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-124" type="given" value="EDGAR STANLEY"/>EDGAR STANLEY LANGFORD</persName> </hi>, The Priory, Steventon, Berks, corn merchant. In February, 1904, I advertised in the "Ex
<lb/>change and Mart" for a mastiff pup, and received letter pro
<lb/>duced from prisoner on February 26, from 2, King Street, Regent Street, offering me a pup. I replied on February 29, 1904, and after further letters I sent prisoner £6 10s. in payment for the pup, which was to be sent on at once. On March 5 I received a postcard from prisoner saying,"I have written for pup and will forward on Monday night." The pup was not sent. I was informed by a letter of March 10, 1904, that the dog had been sold, and offering me a bitch, which I refused, and de
<lb/>manded my money back. On March 11 prisoner wrote that the dog had not been sold, and after various delays on March 18 prisoner sent a postcard,"Pup will start on Monday for certain and you will be pleased with him." The dog did not arrive, and on April 13 I put the matter in the hands of my solicitor. A summons was issued. I have not received either the dog or my money back.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have not much experience in dogs. It is possible to make a mistake in registering the sex of a dog. I knew from his letters that the prisoner was obtaining the dog from someone else and expressed myself satisfied by continuing the negotiations. I took civil process for the recovery of the money. I thought the prisoner was dealing very largely in dogs. Prisoner could not be found at the address given. A dealer dealing very largely in dogs may find it difficult to find the exact thing for a customer. Dog dealers could not make a mistake in the sex of a dog. I have heard of people being short of money and unable to pay.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-125" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-125" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-125" type="surname" value="CROSFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-125" type="given" value="OLIVE MARGARET"/>OLIVE MARGARET CROSFIELD</persName> </hi>, wife of Alfred Edward Cros
<lb/>field, Leek Villa, Kirkby Lonsdale. On July 7, 1905, I in
<lb/>serted an advertisement in "Our Dogs" for a Newfoundland pup, and received a letter from prisoner of 2, Macclesfield Street, Shaftesbury Avenue, offering me such a dog. After various letters, on July 16 I sent prisoner cheque (produced) for £7 7s., the dog to be forwarded. The dog was not sent, and on August 4 I demanded my money back. I have not received my money back or any dog. The cheque was duly cashed at my bank.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I understood from the correspondence that the dog was to be obtained by prisoner from a friend. I am not aware that prisoner had a very large business. I put the matter in the hands of a solicitor, who issued a county court summons. It could not be served upon prisoner, and leave</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300035"/>
<p>was obtained to serve it through the post. It did not come on for hearing; the debt was never disputed.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-126" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-126" type="surname" value="LINDSAY"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-126" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES LINDSAY</persName> </hi>, Opera Tavern, 22, Haymarket, licensed vic
<lb/>tualler. Cheque produced of Joseph Lawson for £5 was cashed for prisoner by me. It was specially cleared, and I gave pri
<lb/>soner the money next day.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have known the prisoner for years as a customer and have often cashed cheques for him and for other customers. I always thought prisoner was a French journalist. I never knew him as a dog merchant.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-127" type="surname" value="SEGAR"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-127" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK SEGAR</persName> </hi>, Long Melton, Suffolk, butcher. On De
<lb/>cember 10, 1905, I advertised in the "Field" for a Basset dog pup, and received from prisoner letter produced of December, 10 offering me a very handsome and pure-bred pup. On December 12 I sent a cheque for £3 5s. to prisoner. The dog was never sent and I never got my money back.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-128" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-128" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM JONES</persName> </hi>, 12, Panton Street, Haymarket, dairyman. I cashed cheque produced for £3 5s. for prisoner about December 10, 1905.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have known prisoner about four or five months as a neighbour and have cashed cheques for him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-129" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-129" type="surname" value="ROBINSON"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-129" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN ROBINSON</persName> </hi>, superintendent of West Ham Workhouse School, Leytonstone. I was formerly superintendent of the Workhouse School at Rochford, in Essex. On January 6, 1906, I inserted an advertisement in "Our Dogs" for a St. Bernard or Borzoi dog under six months. I received a reply from pri
<lb/>soner, "I have for sale for a friend a very handsome and true
<lb/>bred St. Bernard, in perfect health and condition, which I can strongly recommend to you, price £3 10s., age six months." I offered £3, which prisoner accepted, and sent a post-dated cheque of January 20 on January 15. On January 16 I re
<lb/>ceived a letter from prisoner saying that the owner would not send on approval, guaranteeing the pup as described and return
<lb/>ing my cheque. I got the date of the cheque altered and ini
<lb/>tialled, sent it to prisoner, who acknowledged it and promised to send the dog. The dog never arrived. I repeatedly wrote demanded the money back, and have not received either the dog or the money. On March 2 I went to 2, Macclesfield Street and could not find the prisoner. I then went to the police station and lodged an information.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. By the correspondence I was informed that the dog was taken ill. I would have been satisfied with any dog that answered the description of that particular breed for which I bargained, but after a certain time had elapsed I de
<lb/>manded my money back. In the light of subsequent events, I considered that it was a fraud from what I heard.</p>
<p>Re-examined. Between January 30 and March 2 I had no communication of any kind from the prisoner. I saw the land
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300036"/>
<p>at 2, Macclesfield Street, gave him my card, and told him what I wanted to sec the prisoner about.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-130" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-130" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-130" type="surname" value="PASCAL"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-130" type="given" value="ALPHONSE"/>ALPHONSE PASCAL</persName> </hi>, 16, Jerrard Street, restaurant proprietor. I received cheque produced for £3 from prisoner, gave him 10s. on account, and paid him the rest of the money afterwards. It was specially cleared through my banker on January 18. On July 16, 1905, I cashed another cheque (produced) for prisoner in the same way.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have known prisoner for throe years as a customer. I considered him respectable.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, May 2.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-131" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-131" type="surname" value="SHARP"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-131" type="given" value="WILLIAM JAMES"/>WILLIAM JAMES SHARP</persName> </hi>, Cleesdale House, Silverdale, Cam
<lb/>forth. On February 10, 1906, I advertised in the "Exchange and Mart" for a white poodle and received in reply a letter from prisoner offering to sell me one for £3. I sent prisoner a cheque for £3, but did not receive the dog. I telegraphed to prisoner, and received a reply that the owner was away from home. On February 21 I again telegraphed, reply paid, to prisoner, "Kindly state definite day dog is coming," and on February 27 wrote letter produced. On 28th I received postcard produced. I have never received back my money or received the dog.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I do not know whether prisoner was ar
<lb/>rested three or four days after the last communication. It was longer than that before the police came to me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-132" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-132" type="surname" value="LEE"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-132" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES LEE</persName> </hi>, 65A, Long Acre, harness maker. I cashed cheque produced on the Lancaster Banking Company, Cam
<lb/>forth, for prisoner on February 13 or 14.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. My father is prisoner's landlord. We have cashed several cheques for him, which were always pro
<lb/>perly met. I considered him respectable.</p>
<p>Re-examined. Prisoner occupied one room at 65A, Long Acre, at the top of the house, at a rent of 5s. 6d. a week, and had been there about three months when he was arrested. Prisoner did not sleep there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-133" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-133" type="surname" value="BASS"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-133" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>HERBERT BASS</persName> </hi>, Newbiggin, Thaxtead, Essex, gardener. In August, 1905, I advertised a Borzoi dog pup for sale in the "Ex
<lb/>change and Mart." I received, on August 21, postcard and letter produced from prisoner, and sent the pup as requested on February 23 or 24. He wrote acknowledging receipt of the dog. I wrote a week afterwards asking prisoner to return the dog or send the money. I received a postcard saying."Mr. Clements was out of town." On September 12 I wrote again demanding payment, and received postcard produced,"Money will be sent to you to-morrow." On October 11 I wrote threatening proceedings, and received a postcard saying prisoner was out of town. I have not received my dog back or the money for it.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300037"/>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner has never denied his liability to me. I took county court proceedings and obtained judgment.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-134" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-134" type="surname" value="POSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-134" type="given" value="HARRY"/>HARRY POSTER</persName> </hi>, Cleeve Brewery, Ipswich. In January, 1906, I advertised two dachshunds for sale in "Our Dogs" asking £3 3s. for one, and £2 2s. for the other. On January 26 I received postcard from prisoner, and on January 30 I sent the dogs to prisoner as requested. On January 31 prisoner wrote asking me to take less money, which I refused to do by my letter off February 1. I received a postcard on February 7 saying that Mr. Clements was out of town, and after writing a further letter, my solicitor took proceedings, and I heard from Westminster County Court that they could not serve the sum
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner has never denied that he owes me the money—I got no further reply from him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-135" type="surname" value="WINSON"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-135" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY WINSON</persName> </hi>, High Street, Enderby, near Leicester. In January last I advertised a King Charles bitch pup for sale in "Our Dogs," received postcard from prisoner and letter pro
<lb/>duced of January 26, and sent the pup as requested to St. Pancras Station. On February 4 prisoner wrote saying he would keep the bitch. I had two postcards saying Mr. Clements was out of town and have never received the money or the dog back. The pup was advertised in Mrs. Winson's name, but it belonged to me.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not know prisoner before this trans
<lb/>action, or that he was a large dealer. I looked upon the dog as sold and thought I should get the money. I did not take out a summons.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-136" type="surname" value="SKILTON"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-136" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD SKILTON</persName> </hi>, Astrop, Banbury, gamekeeper. In January 7, 1906, I advertised a Borzoi bitch for sale in the "Exchange and Mart," received postcard of January 8 from prisoner, replied that the price was £3, and received a letter of January 11 offering to purchase it, and sent the dog to Paddington Station as requested. After several telegrams and letters, not receiv
<lb/>ing the money or the dog back, I put the matter in the hands of the Towcester police about February 5.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner acknowledged receipt of the dog I received postcard stating that he was ill. I could get no answer from the prisoner whether he would have the dog or whether it would suit him. If he had said it suited him, and he would have paid for it, I would have waited. He did not state that he was ill when he first had it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-137" type="surname" value="RUGERI"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-137" type="given" value="GUISEPPE"/>GUISEPPE RUGERI</persName> </hi>, 2, Macclesfield Street, Shaftesbury Avenue. newsagent. Prisoner has occupied two rooms on the first floor in my house, unfurnished, at a rent of 21s. a week since October, 1903. No dogs were kept there. Some have been brought there, but they were sent away at once. People frequently came to see the prisoner. He used the rooms a great deal in the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300038"/>
<p>day time until the last six or eight months, since when he has usually gone out early in the morning and not returned till night time. People have very often come to see him when he was out. He only had breakfast, for which he paid 4d. a day.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner slept at my rooms. His clerk came every day. Prisoner could have gone in at the side door without my knowing. I did not know prisoner had another office. Neither he nor his clerk ever spoke of his rooms in Long Acre. I did not get references when I let the rooms to the prisoner. I did not know him before he came. If I hao not considered him respectable I should not have taken him. I knew he dealt in dogs and wild fowls. Prisoner owes me £15 18s. 9d. Except that, he has paid me regularly—£1, £2, or £3 at a time.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-138" type="surname" value="BELCHER"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-138" type="given" value="FREDERICK CHARLES"/>FREDERICK CHARLES BELCHER</persName> </hi>. I have been clerk to the pri
<lb/>soner for about two years up to the time of his arrest. During the whole of that time he has lived at 2, Macclesfield Street. When I first knew him he shared a room as an office at 2, King Street, Regent Street, on the second floor. He gave that up, and we used Macclesfield Street as an office for about eighteen months until December, 1905, when he took the office at 65A, Long Acre, because he said his friends used to annoy him and people calling. He used to answer advertisement for dogs and get dogs from advertisers. He had no place for keeping dogs at all. We used to meet the dogs and send them off to purchasers. That was the almost invariable course of business. I assisted in the correspondence at his dictation—mostly at Macclesfield Street, and afterwards at Long Acre. I wrote out forma of letters to be sent to persons writing about dogs, with blanks for the particulars, name, prices, and so on, like the forms produced. Prisoner made notes upon the letters, in
<lb/>structing me how to answer them. He would be sometimes at home and sometimes out. He generally left them on the table. Prisoner always opened the letters. The endorsement,"Mr. C. is out of town, but will be back in two or three days, when he will attend to your letter," is in prisoner's handwriting. Tele
<lb/>gram produced,"Mr. C. will come home to-morrow" is in prisoner's handwriting."The bitch arrived late on Saturday, delivery was taken on Monday (yesterday) in Mr. C.'s absence. He will write you himself in a day or two" was written by pri
<lb/>soner. He was sometimes out of town when things came for a clay or two. The letters waited till he came, and all the replies produced were written when he was in town. I do not remem
<lb/>ber the Borzoi bitch in January last. Note produced is in pri
<lb/>soner's handwriting. Postcard of August 16 to C. M. Crosfield, Esq., is my writing. I wrote it from the memo in prisoner's writing. He used to give the letters to me with the memoran
<lb/>dum for me to write the answers, and all the correspondence in</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300039"/>
<p>these cases is either written by me on prisoners instructions or by prisoner.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I have been with prisoner two years. I am 24 years of age. I was with him at King Street, but I do not know much about King Street. Prisoner moved to Long Acre because he wished to escape his friends. He had a good many friends, who wanted him to go out and enjoy himself. I worked at Macclesfield Street before he went to Long, Acre, and then at both places. I went there about ten a.m., and was mostly in touch with the prisoner so that callers could leave messages. I saw him every day except when he was ill or when he was away. If callers or customers communicated with me they might see prisoner. He told me not to send anybody to Long Acre. He used to see people by appointment. Prisoner car
<lb/>ried on a large business and dictated the correspondence. He wrote some letters, and I wrote some. We both worked hard, from ten a, m. till about 6 p.m. I was occupied the whole of the time. I sent out a good many of the stock letters. I wrote the stock letters between whiles. There were no account books. Letters about unsettled business were marked "To settle" and kept separate. Those that were paid were put away as paid. Prisoner had many customers. Baron von Dusen was one to whom he supplied Greyhounds and Borzois—six or seven Grey
<lb/>hounds. Those were paid for by the buyer, and prisoner paid the people he bought them from. He paid for a great many dogs. He sent away sometimes a dozen a week, and sometimes none. During the two years I have been with prisoner he has sent away several hundred dogs and paid for several hundred dogs. [Q. Do you consider that there was any intention on the part of the prisoner not to pay for the dogs supplied?—The Common Serjeant. That is not a proper question for him; it is for the jury.] I remember three dogs being received and sent off to customers the week the prisoner was arrested. It was the system of the business not to keep dogs in stock, but to send them off to the various customers as soon as received. The week of the arrest three dogs were paid for. I paid 30s. for one, and prisoner sent £2 2s. for two. I know Mr. Wilton, of Hanwell. We bought many dogs from him. They were always paid for in cash. He is a dealer. A great many dogs were sent to the Continent. One of the American Legations was a customer. Some of the dogs supplied to customers have taken different prizes at shows. Baron von Dusen was a customer and has taken prizes with dogs supplied by prisoner, and those dogs were paid for. The dogs were sent through carriers and shipping agents, and by nearly every railway in this coun
<lb/>try. A good many dogs sent to France were rejected, and prisoner had to take them back and supply others. Some he never got paid for, and they never came back. They were re
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300040"/>
<p>by the customers in France as not being up to the re
<lb/>quirements as described by the sellers, and we could not obtain re-delivery because they had to go into quarantine. Prisoner had to pay for them, and in many instances had already paid for them, so that he lost the money completely. They were sold by the description they were bought by. About 30 or 40 dogs were refused in that way. For about six months prisoner has been in pecuniary difficulties. In Macclesfield Street there was not enough room for the papers. That was one of the reasons why prisoner took another room. Prisoner knew a lot about dogs. I heard he was the editor of the Dog Column in "The Field." Prisoner carried on a respectable business. I would not have stayed with him had I thought there was any
<lb/>thing wrong. No part of the business was ever concealed from me.</p>
<p>Re-examined. Wilton was a dog dealer. He refused to part with them on approval and we had to pay cash for them. The Long Acre address was never given to customers and letters were never written with that address on. That was the place where prisoner was when in town. He was at Long Acre a great deal more in the day time than at Macclesfield Street. When people were dissatisfied prisoner did not always see them. He often did—at Macclesfield Street. I know that the people who have given evidence here have not got their money or their dogs. A great number of other people have complained. I remember Mr. Nicholson sending a Chow dog some time last year. He was not satisfied, and he did not get his money, but Mr. Clements supplied him with a Scotch terrier in payment. We took in "Our Dogs" and prisoner always looked at the Advertisements. I saw the advertisement put in by Nicholson, "£1 reward for whereabouts of Chow dog 'Jack,' sold by Clements, of Shaftesbury Avenue, London, since November 20.—Nicholson, 30, Essex Road." I did get the dog. It was sent to prisoner on approval and was sent away at once without pri
<lb/>soner ever seeing it. All the dogs that were sent up on ap
<lb/>proval were sent away without prisoner ever seeing them, ex
<lb/>cept when one or two people met prisoner at the station and he sold the dog at the station when it arrived. When sent off they were sent by prisoner's order. I do not remember a deal with Mr. Archer, of Yorkshire.</p>
<p>Mr. Benson objected that this was not evidence. It did not arise out of the cross-examination.</p>
<p>The Common Serjeant No You are entitled to go as far as you have done, that there were numerous other complaints besides those people who have appeared to-day; tout I do not see how you can go into each one.</p>
<p>Mr. Kershaw. I was not proposing to go right through them. I only want to take a few.</p>
<p>The Common Serjeant. Of course, it is impossible to know exactly</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300041"/>
<p>what the matter is you are driving at till we have got it; but I do not see how you can go into specific instances.</p>
<p>Mr. Kershaw. The only reason why I proposed to put it was because specific instances were put to this witness in cross-exami
<p>The Common Serjeant. That is quite legitimate in cross-exami
<lb/>nation. It is sufficient to show that there were a number of other instances which were quite different That enables you to get the fact that you had got before; that there were a great number of other people complaining.</p>
<p>Mr. Kershaw. I am quite satisfied with that.</p>
<p>Re-examination resumed. There were a great number of com
<lb/>plaints from people in various parts of England. I do not understand French, and cannot speak as to complaints from France. Nicholson was suited with a dog in exchange.</p>
<p>To the Court. Letter produced it a copy in my writing of a letter received from Mr. Cummiskey, a dealer, of Morris Green Lane, Bolton, saying that the dog had had medicine and was too weak to travel, and that he would do his best to get it into condition. I copied that once on prisoner's instructions, and sent it in a letter to a customer. It is written by me and signed by prisoner. Letter produced to Bass is in my writing signed by prisoner. It is a copy from another letter to say he was away. I was to write the same to Bass as to Clothier. Mr. Bass's dog was not kept. The note,"Mr. Clements will write to you himself on his return to town, probably to-morrow," is in prisoner's handwriting. The card of September 25, three weeks afterwards,"Mr. Clements is out of town, I will give him your letter on his return in a day or two," is in my handwriting on prisoner's instructions. I do not know where the Borzoi dog went to. I did not deal with many Borzoi dogs in Sep
<lb/>tember last year—they are not very often called for. I recollect the name, but I do not know where the dog went. I remember two dachshunds coming from Mr. Porter, of Ipswich, to Liver
<lb/>pool Street, to be called for, on January 30. One was sent away by carrier to Bristol and the other was sold by prisoner In London for £3. The carrier Meadows, of Cheapside, met them. They were kept in London about half an hour. I wrote the postcard "I was away yesterday, and my clerk tells me the pups only turned up at 2.30 p.m. at Liverpool Street." They came late. I was waiting at Meadows, the carrier's place at Cheapside, for the dogs to come. I sold the dog at about four o'clock. Prisoner was outside in the street. He did not see the dogs. He arranged with me to see the gentleman and sell one for £3. The other was sent away by the carrier to Bristol, I believe. Mr. Clements gave instructions. It never came back again. I do not know if it was paid for. On the next day prisoner, having sold one and sent off another, told me to write "I was away," meaning Mr. Clements. He was not away. This is a copy from what he gave me to write—"Mr. Clements is</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300042"/>
<p>out of town. He will be back in two or three days, when he will attend to your letter." He may have been in town when he wrote that note; sometimes he was in and sometimes out. I remember the King Charles bitch coming from Mr. Winson, of Enderby, Leicester. It was met by the carrier and sent to Accrington by the carrier on the instructions of prisoner. Letter produced of January 26 is my writing signed by prisoner. Notes on telegram of January 30 from Winson are in prisoner's writing, "Mr. Clements will come home to-morrow and will write you at once. The bitch was safely received." He gave it to me, and I wrote it to Mr. Winson. I think the bitch went to a gentle
<lb/>man of the name of Stevens. He paid for it. On February 7 I wrote,"Mr. Clements will write you to-morrow. He is not well." I do not remember Mr. Skilton, of Banbury, sending up a Borzoi bitch. On January 16 I wrote the card,"The bitch arrived late on Saturday, delivery was taken on Monday (yester
<lb/>day) in Mr. Clements's absence. He will write you himself on his return in a day or two." If prisoner told me to write that I should do so. I do not know where the Borzoi bitch went to.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-139" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-139" type="given" value="ARTHUR JOHN"/>ARTHUR JOHN CLARK</persName> </hi>, Sergeant, C Division. I arrested pri
<lb/>soner in Shaftesbury Avenue on the morning of March 3 upon, a warrant granted on the information of Mr. Robinson. I said, "I hold a warrant for your arrest for obtaining £3 from Mr. Robinson, of Rochford, Essex." He said, "For God's sake, you do not say so!"I said, "Yes." He said, "You do not mean it. Cannot I send the money back now? I have it." I said "No." He said, "It is not false pretences. Why did not you come and see me?" I said, "I have come to see you." He said, "Ah, but before, to let me know." I said, "I have many times this year, but upon other matters, but could not find you at home." He said, "Well, you cannot say it is false pre
<lb/>tences." I then took him to Vine Street Police Station. The warrant was read over to him, and he made no reply. He was then formally charged. He said, "Do I want to make any answer to this?" and I said "No." I had tried to see him from 15 to 20 times this year at 2. Macclesfield Street; that was the only address I knew of, although I had asked Belcher where he could be found, and he said he did not know. I did not know anything about the 65A, Long Acre address. I found a quantity of correspondence at 2. Macclesfield Street, a great deal from other persons than the prosecutors, and persons abroad. There were ten county court summonses, principally dated 1905. I found three letters from Cummiskey with refer
<lb/>ence to a mastiff. One of them is,"Sir, I am extremely sorry I had to disappoint you. The reason is as follows: I treated the pup last week for worms, and I imagine I was too severe in my treatment, the consequence is the pup is greatly dis
<lb/>tressed and reduced considerably. He now appears very weak,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300043"/>
<p>and upon this account I fear the railway journey. However, I will do my best to get him into condition, so if he will do next week, that is about Monday or Tuesday next, you might drop me a line to that effect and oblige." I went to 65A, Long Acre with the witness Belcher, and found some further corre
<lb/>spondence. I have written to a considerable number of people and received answers.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner said it was not false pretences. I am not sure he did not say,"There must be something wrong with this warrant," and I may have said, "You had better in
<lb/>form the magistrate." Cummiskey's letter has been copied and sent to two customers. I have known prisoner several years, and that he has been dealing in dogs. I have not heard that he is an authority on dogs. He was connected with "The Field" in some way or other. There is a letter relating to a dog which he proposed to supply to Robinson.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I know how prisoner left "The Field," but I think I ought not to say.</p>
<p>Prisoner's statement before the Magistrate: The greater portion of my trade was with abroad. I had to take descriptions given to me by the sellers as being correct. Lots of them were misrepresented. Some sporting dogs were not broken, although described as such. The result was my foreign customers refused them. At least 30 of them were refused within a short time. There were three within six weeks of now that were refused in one single week. I had to replace the animals rather than lose my customers. Now, owing to the Rabies Order, these dogs could not be returned from the Continent. Therefore, I could not send them back to the sellers. When the sellers
<lb/>heard that the dogs were abroad, and that, therefore, I could not return them, in spite of my protests that they had mis
<lb/>represented them, they issued county court summonses against; me for the recovery of their value. I was therefore placed in this position, that I had to supply other dogs to my customers in the place of those bad ones. I had to pay the carriage of the refused dogs, and I also lost the dogs which I had first sent. I could not defend those county court summonses because the foreigners would not come over.</p>
<p>(Evidence for defence.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PRISONER</hi> (on oath). I am 62 years of age. For the past 30 years I have carried on the business of dealing In dogs and writing articles. I wrote the Sporting Article in "The Field" for three or four years under the nom de plume of "Wild Fowler," and I was the kennel authority for "The Field" for all that time. For 14 years I was connected with "The Shoot
<lb/>ing Times." I am the author of books, one on</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300044"/>
<p>"Dog Breaking," another on "Modern Wild Fowl "; that is a big book, published at 15s. by "The Field" newspaper; and "Three Years' Shooting and Fishing," published by Chapman and Hall. The advertisement in "The Shooting Times" produced refers to a book of mine on "Dog Breaking "; that is sold by the proprietor. I have acted as sole judge for all the British classes of dogs at Cleeve in Germany. I was invited there by Prince Solm, who gave me a large salary and all expenses paid. There were 600 dogs I was judging. During the 30 years I have dealt in dogs. I have sent about 300 to the Continent from Waterloo alone, besides some from Charing Cross and London Bridge Stations—all the lines. My system of business was to simply pin the receipts on the letters, and when the things were not settled to write on the letter in blue pencil,"To settle," and to put them all together. I did not destroy any correspondence. I have paid £500 or more for dogs during the last two years. I have sent five or six away every week. When the kennel papers came out on Friday I looked through them, cut out the advertisements for dogs wanted and for sale, and I got my clerk to write out that blank form, leaving the sex, age, etc., in blank, or to write for full particulars of age, breed, sex, colour, and so on, and the price. Dealing with a large number of dogs of the same breed, I found it convenient to have forms—I could never have written all the letters myself. I swear that the letter from Cummiskey is not a form. By a clerical error that letter was copied into two letters to customers. I have not sent a similar letter to any others to my knowledge, We were very busy at the time. Prince Solm is one of my cus
<lb/>tomers to whom I have supplied about 40 dogs. He paid me for them, and I have paid for them. I sold one dog to the Secretary of the French Embassy in London for the Chancellor of State in France, and I sold a mastiff to a member of the Russian Embassy. One of my dogs got ten prizes in France. Most of the packs of hounds in France are supplied by me. I sent 25 hounds in one batch to Brussels. I bought them from Wilton, of Hanwell, and paid him for them. I obtained dogs through advertisements and sold them sometimes on cash and sometimes on credit; some were sent abroad on credit and, not coming up to their description, were refused, so that I had to supply others, and, owing to the Rabies Order, I could not get them back. Nine out of ten of the summonses are for those things. About 30 such cases happened last year; there was one a week any way. The week I was arrested I paid £3 10s. for three dogs to two people, Ogden, of Blackburn, and Long
<lb/>worth, of Folkestone. I have had dealings for 15 years with Wilton, of Hanwell, with his brother, and with his father for hounds. I should say I have paid the firm £1,000. I have</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300045"/>
<p>dealt in other animals. Two years ago I sent wild rabbits to Sir William Hart-Dyke for his warren—four dozen. Miller supplied me, and I paid him. I sent every week, and some
<lb/>times two or three times a week, postal orders for dogs I bought. With regard to offices, I moved from King Street to Macclesfield Street, where I had two rooms. I owed my landlord £15, but I used to pay him £2 or £3 at a time, and I had no complaint from him. I took the room in Long Acre because I had no room for papers. I did not want my friends to come to Long Acre because they used to come and take me out to drink. I worked from eight a.m. till six p.m., including Sundays. For the last ten months or a year I have been in financial difficulties. I kept on paying some of my accounts, but I could not settle all. The only thing I have of value is a painting by Burriera, which is now at Alphonse's Restaurant, which is worth some hundred pounds; I have been offered £75 for it. I have given instructions to my solicitors, Messrs. Miller and Steel, to sell that, and I have been trying to arrange to settle outstanding liabilities by putting aside so much a week. Mr. Nicholson offered me a Chinese Chow dog called "Jack," which I sold to a gentleman in the North. When Mr. Nicholson asked me for the dog back, I could not get the gentleman to return the dog and could get no reply, but he finally sent me the collar in a box. Finally, I gave Mr. Nicholson another dog, with which he was perfectly satisfied, and there is a letter from him which shows that. I slept at Macclesfield Street. I have seen Ser
<lb/>geant Clark repeatedly. He used to call on me and we used to talk matters over—things exactly similar to these we are talking of now. Mr. Clark used to call on me with complaints; the same things as these. If the complaint was wrong I used to explain that it was wrong. If it was right I said I would pay.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Sergeant Clark called on me about com
<lb/>plaints during the last year. I did not tell him about Long Acre because of the county court. He never asked me for that address or I should have told him. It is rubbish to say that Clark called fifteen times at Macclesfield-street and could not find me. I did not hear that he called. I did not tell any cus
<lb/>tomer of the Long Acre address, or address any letter from it. I lived at Macclessfield Street, and that was where all my papers were dated from. There was nothing to keep books for. I have had no banking account for years. The reason I went to Long Acre was because I wanted to work quietly and to have space for my papers. It is 20 years since I have been a judge at a dog show. I never show dogs myself. I do not remember having dealings with Mr. Martin in 1887. I was disqualified from showing dogs by the Kennel Club in consequence of an
<hi rend="italic">ex parte</hi> statement by somebody; I never knew the ins and outs of it. I cannot remember it at all. It may be true that a num
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300046"/>
<p>of people, both in England and abroad, who have sent me dogs, in addition to those we have had here to-day, are not satisfied. I suppose it is true. I cannot remember Mr. Archer sending me a dog or Mr. Baines, of Brigg, unless you put the particulars before me. In many of the cases I have lost the dog as well as the money. I remember Mr. Harris, of Bath, sending me a dog, a pointer. He has not been paid for it; it cost me about £10. Mr. Winson sent me a King Charles four days before I was arrested—how could I settle that? All the customers in France have been satisfied except those that refused to take the dogs. It is not my fault. There were sometimes three or four a week. They had not paid their money—I had to send another dog instead. There are very few who paid their money and did not get a dog. There have not been 41 since 1904. I should think I sent money to Mr. Baines, of Brigg, if Sergeant Clark called on me about it. I settled several. There were not 100 complaints last year. There were several. I got letter produced from Cummiskey in December, 1905. That is my writing on Segar's letter, "Copy Cummiskey's letter "; that is my writing on Winson's letter,"Copy Cummiskey's letter." One was with regard to a bassett hound and the other to a mastiff. It was a mistake with regard to the bassett hound, but not with regard to the mastiff. I cannot remember it. The report produced saying that the picture would only fetch £5 at auction relates to my picture by Burriera. Pictures sometimes jump up to hundreds in price. I remember Mr. Sharp, of Carnforth, wanting to buy a poodle dog. I may have had several in my possession—I had got the offer of one. Sharp sent me his cheque for £3. I wrote that I had one to sell for a friend like the smaller dog in the photograph produced; that was to show the breed. I had received the description of one that would have exactly suited that gentleman, but I cannot remember the name of the person now. Mr. Robinson wanted a St. Bernard in January, 1906. I wrote that I had for sale for a friend a very handsome and fine-bred St. Bernard. I cannot remember who the owner of the dog was. I cashed that cheque and had it specially cleared. I was anxious to get the money to pay the owner. I did not pay the owner; the dog was ill and I got another one. I wrote that the owner was away from home.</p>
<p>(Thursday. May 3.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PRISONER</hi> (on oath), recalled. Further cross-examined. I remember Mr. Porter inserting an advertisement in "Our Dogs" to sell two Dachshunds. They were sent up to me. I have not yet paid for them. I was outside the agents in Cheap
<lb/>side when they were delivered. I told Belcher where to send</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300047"/>
<p>them to. They were sold by my directions on the spot, on January 30. Belcher sold one and received the money for me, and I had sold the other dog the day they arrived. I received the money for both before I parted with them. I have not yet paid Mr. Porter. I remember Mr. Winson advertising a King Charles bitch. That was sent up to me. I sold it and received the money for it before I parted with the dog. I have not yet paid Mr. Winson. Mr. Bass sent a Borzoi pup which I sold, and received the money for before I parted with it. I have not yet paid Mr. Bass. It was sent to me on August 24 of last year. Mr. Bass took out a county court summons. I did not pay because the dog was refused by the buyer abroad. I did not refund the money, but I sent the buyer another one. I do not remember MacIntyre or receiv
<lb/>ing a Basset bitch from him. If I received it, I have not paid MacIntyre. The dog was no doubt sent away and sold by me, and I have received the money for it When I sold a dog I did not always get the money first I remember one in 1904. I remember Skilton, gamekeeper, sending me a Borzoi bitch in January, 1906. I had sold that dog and received the money for it before it went away. That was refused, too, and I sent the buyer another. I did not get it back, as it went abroad. I have had dealings in Belgium. I know the paper,"Chasse et Peche," and insert advertisements in it I see it regularly. I have seen the article produced headed,"Toujours Louis Clement." I am a Frenchman, and I understand it perfectly. "From what I hear, Mr. Pepleau has been outrageously robbed by Louis Clement, of London, whose fraudulent acts we have pointed out on other different occasions. Mr. Pepleau, on November 6, 1904, sent a postal order for 145 francs to Louis Clement, but he has not succeeded up till the present in ob
<lb/>taining the collie purchased at this price. All comment is superfluous. Mr. Pepleau is desirous of taking process against Clement, and would like to hear from other persons who have been duped by this dishonest individual in order to come to an understanding how to put an end to these shameful transac
<lb/>tions"—that is a correct translation. I have seen an article like that as long ago as December 30, 1900, and another be
<lb/>tween that and 1905. I have not taken proceedings against this paper. They are rival dealers who run against me, and put these things in on purpose to injure me. I saw the French paper,"Matian," dated March 12, 1905, produced. It does not say anything about fraud. This is a correct trans
<lb/>lation: "We have lately received numerous complaints respect
<lb/>ing the dealing of Mr. Louis Clement, dog dealer, of London. A long time ago we were obliged to point him out to our readers. We impress upon our subscribers to beware of his promises, and not to treat with unknown persons except</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300048"/>
<p>through the medium of the journal for the deposit of funds so that the money can be paid to him afterwards." That is rivalry. The shareholders of the paper are all dog dealers. In my letters it was a regular practice, when I wanted to gain time, to write that I was away, when I was not.</p>
<p>Re-examined. The shareholders of the "Matian" who run the paper are all breeders who are naturally rivals to me. I have about 80 testimonials from various people. I have had many within the last 18 months or two years. I supplied Baron Von Dusen last year with eight greyhounds, and with them he took seven prizes and the championship cup at the Brussels dog show the same year. I have supplied the Champ de Marci and other packs with hounds for years. I did not always pay for dogs supplied to me. I have often sent dogs on approba
<lb/>tion and lost them—never got paid. In consequence of that I, only lately, altered my system. I supplied many dogs abroad which did not answer description, and have lost about 30 within a year. I became liable for 100 at least. There were three in one week. The picture produced was sent as a type of a breed; it is a newspaper cutting, and not meant as a portrait of the particular dog. I have been about 15 months in finan
<lb/>cial difficulties. I had no other reason for taking the Long Acre office except to escape from my friends, and to have room for the papers. It was in many cases the practice to send dogs to France before I saw them, but not always. Sometimes I sent them on approval abroad. They were all sporting dogs. I relied on the description given to me by the sellers. I did not send them without the buyer having contracted to buy them—so they were not on approval.</p>
<rs id="t19060430-26-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-26-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-26-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty on both counts.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CLARK</hi>, recalled. Prisoner appears to have come to England in April, 1892. He then had an office in Whitefriars Street. Since then the police have had a very large number of complaints. The complaints had been so numerous that the Commissioners of Police thought it advisable to issue to all police courts in London a warning about this man. I have also made inquiries at different places. He was engaged on "The Field" and was dismissed in consequence of having fraudulent dealings with a rival paper. After leaving there he appears to have edited the "Shooting Times," and there he had to give it up because of fraudulent dealings with the public. In search
<lb/>ing his place I found a very large number of letters with regard to dogs sent, and no less than 186 complaints of money not being sent for the dogs, the total sum in reference to 133 of such complaints being £385 3s. 10d. The other 53 letters do not show what amount was in question. There is another list of 43 letters from Belgium and France complaining of having sent money, and dogs not being forwarded; also as to game</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300049"/>
<p>eggs in some instances, and there are a few cases of other ani
<lb/>mals. The total sum involved in that list is £201 1s. 8d. There are ten county court summonses amounting to £35 5s. 9d., all for the money for dogs sent. I picked out 21 cases indiscri
<lb/>minately from the 186 and wrote to the police district in which the people resided and received answers from all. They were complaints of money sent and dogs not forwarded in England. Prisoner had some business where he paid cash and disposed of the dogs afterwards. I have communicated with the editor of "Our Dogs" journal, and he says that during the past eight years he has had 200 complaints about prisoner from sub
<lb/>scribers. Prisoner was arrested in September 1901, on a charge of fraud in obtaining money for a dog not sent at Aberystwith and was tried at the assizes and acquitted. The Belgian police have been seen, and they say that during five years they have had no less than 200 complaints. In Paris also there is a very large number of complaints affecting this man. (To Mr. Benson) From my information, he severed his connection with the "Shooting Times" ten years ago. Copy of "Shooting Times" produced of April, 1906, advertises the book of "Wild Fowler."</p>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-19060430 t19060430-26-punishment-23"/>Three years' penal servitude on the first count</rs>, and
<rs id="t19060430-26-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-26-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-26-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-19060430 t19060430-26-punishment-24"/>six months' hard labour on the second count, to run concur
<lb/>rently.</rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOURTH COURT</hi>; Tuesday, May 1.</p>
<p>(Before Judge Lumley Smith.)</p>
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<interp inst="def1-27-19060430" type="surname" value="BIRD"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19060430" type="given" value="ERNEST HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19060430" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BIRD</hi>, Ernest Henry (29, clerk)</persName>,
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<interp inst="t19060430-27-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-27-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> to
<rs id="t19060430-27-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-27-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-27-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>forgery and uttering orders for payment of several sums, in each case with intent to defraud.</rs> Sentence,
<rs id="t19060430-27-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-27-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-27-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-27-19060430 t19060430-27-punishment-25"/>Nine months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-28-19060430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19060430" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19060430" type="surname" value="BOUGH"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19060430" type="given" value="ARTHUR JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-19060430" type="occupation" value="manager"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BOUGH</hi>, Arthur John (28, manager)</persName>
<rs id="t19060430-28-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-28-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-28-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>, conspiring with
<persName id="t19060430-name-142" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-142" type="surname" value="DAWSON"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-142" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-28-offence-1 t19060430-name-142"/>Edward Dawson</persName> to enable the latter to offer himself as a ser
<lb/>vant, pretending that he had served in a service in which he had not actually served;</rs>
<rs id="t19060430-28-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-28-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-28-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>conspiring with
<persName id="t19060430-name-143" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-143" type="surname" value="MARSH"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-143" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-28-offence-2 t19060430-name-143"/>Thomas Marsh</persName> and
<persName id="t19060430-name-144" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-144" type="surname" value="FIELD"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-144" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-28-offence-2 t19060430-name-144"/>Henry Field</persName> to commit a like offence.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Travers Humphreys prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-145" type="surname" value="CRIPPS"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-145" type="given" value="EDWARD FULLER"/>EDWARD FULLER CRIPPS</persName> </hi>,"Shakespeare" public-house, Cam
<lb/>bridge Road, Kilburn. Last September I wanted a barman, and Henry Field applied for the place, giving the name of Bough,"Newbury Arms," Kentish Town, as reference, and stat
<lb/>ing that he had been there for 12 months. I went and saw the prisoner, and asked him if Field was honest and sober. He, said he was; and that he had been living with him for about</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300050"/>
<p>12 months. He said he was leaving of his own accord; he was very good barman, and he was very sorry he was leaving. I took Field into my employ, but he was only with me seven weeks. He turned out unsatisfactory.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. I did not make a note of what you said. I am certain I asked you whether Field had been at the "New
<lb/>bury Arms." You certainly said that he was with you there, that the place was very rough; a lot of coal porters used it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-146" type="surname" value="ROSENBERG"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-146" type="given" value="ASHER"/>ASHER ROSENBERG</persName> </hi>. I kept the "Newbury Arms" last Sep
<lb/>tember, and prisoner was in my employ as manager for about six months. Henry Field was not employed there, and I did not authorise prisoner to give any reference to him.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. I remember a man working for us in the holi
<lb/>day time, named Thomas Marsh. I do not remember asking him to stop on at a higher wage. He was in my employ on your recommendation because I was hard up for a man, but only for three days.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-147" type="surname" value="SUTHALL"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-147" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM SUTHALL</persName> </hi>, manager to the proprietor of the "Brewery Tap," Bridge Street, Westminster. Last February I advertised for a barman, and a man who gave the name of Thomas Marsh applied, and gave the name of the prisoner as a reference, at the "Spread Eagle," Mortimer Street, West. He said that he had been with prisoner for 10 months. I called on prisoner February 14. He was managing for Mrs. Thompson. He told me that Marsh had worked for him at that house for 10 months, that he was a most excellent barman, and that he was sorry to lose him. I took Marsh into my employ, and he remained with me from February 16 to March 10, when I discharged him for gross misconduct in the bar.</p>
<p>To Prisoner: He threw bread and cheese and drink over the bar. I did not make a note of what you said to me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-148" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-148" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-148" type="given" value="SARAH"/>SARAH THOMPSON</persName> </hi>,"Spread Eagle," Mortimer Street, W. Prisoner managed my house from January 2 to March 10. Thomas Marsh was never in my employ there. I am quite sure about it, and the prisoner had no authority to give a reference to him as having been employed there.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. You did not show me a letter from Edward Dawson.</p>
<p>To Mr. Travers Humphreys. I am sure I gave no reference, and prisoner had no right to give a reference to Marsh.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-149" type="surname" value="CHAPMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-149" type="given" value="PERCY"/>PERCY CHAPMAN</persName> </hi>, manager of the "Atlantic," at Brixton. On March 9 I needed a barman, and a man named Edward Dawson called, who referred me to prisoner at the "Spread Eagle," Mortimer Street, West. He said he had been barman and cellarman under prisoner. I taw prisoner, who said that Dawson was honest, sober, and trustworthy. He said that he had worked with him at the "Spread Eagle" for 10 months. Dawson told me that he had left because the house was changing</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300051"/>
<p>hands. I told this to prisoner, and he said it was quite right, if he had, not got a job he should have introduced him to the brewers and they would have found him one. I took Dawson into my employ about March 9, and he stayed till March 22, and I have never teen him since.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. I did not make a note of what you said. I do not remember your saying Dawson was with you at the "Crown and Grapes," Little Newport Street. You said that he had left the "Spread Eagle" through a change of hands.</p>
<p>To Mr. Travers Humphreys. It is important for me to know how long a man has been in a situation, so that it is a question I should be sure to ask.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-150" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-150" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-150" type="given" value="SARAH"/>SARAH THOMPSON</persName> </hi>, recalled.</p>
<p>To Mr. Travers Humphreys. It is not true that Dawson was in my employ or in Bough's under me for ten months, and he had no right to give such a reference.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-151" type="surname" value="HAWKINS"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-151" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES HAWKINS</persName> </hi>, Detective-sergeant On March 30 I ar
<lb/>rested prisoner at a public-house in Newington Causeway, and read the warrant to him charging him with conspiring with a man named Edward Dawson to commit a certain offence to enable Dawson to offer himself as servant to Percy Chapman. At the police station he said, "The only man I have given a reference to is Edward Dawson, who was with me at the 'Crown and Grapes,' Little Newport Street."</p>
<p>To Prisoner. I put down word for word what you said, and read it over to you.</p>
<p>To the Court. I read it to him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PRISONER</hi> (not on oath). The man named Edward Daw
<lb/>son was with me at the "Crown and Grapes," Little Newport Street. He was there for eight months, and my predecessor gave him an excellent reference. He wrote to me at the "Spread Eagle" asking me to speak for him, as he had been working at the seaside, and his employers had sold and had gone away. I showed the letters to Mrs. Thompson for her perusal and she said, "Certainly, speak for him." Mr. Chap
<lb/>man came after his reference, and inquired if I was Mr. Bough? I said, "Yes." He said Dawson had applied to him for a situa
<lb/>tion, what sort of man was he? I told him I found him all right while he was with me, and if I was him I should give him a trial. He said he would. Then the conversation turned. He said how much I looked like, his uncle, and asked if I knew him. I never said I was the proprietor, neither did he ask how long Dawson was with me. Thomas Marsh was with me on two occasions, once at the "Lord Clyde," Estcourt Road, Fulham, eight months; and again at the "Newbury Arms," Maiden Road, Kentish Town. Mr. Rosenberg, the proprietor, engaged him, and offered him more wages and a potmans's situa
<lb/>tion to stay on. When Mr. Suthall came about him to the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300052"/>
<p>"Spread Eagle," he only asked if the man had worked for me. He never asked how long; only what wages he had, and what sort of a chap ht was. Henry Field was with me in the "Prince of Wales." and the "Sussex Stores." He came to see me at the "Newbury Arms," and asked me if I would speak for him, and I said I would. When Mr. Cripps came for the reference, I did not say I was the governor; and it was no lie when I said Field was with me about 12 months.</p>
<rs id="t19060430-28-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-28-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-28-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty of conspiring to obtain for various barmen situations by false pretences.</rs> </p>
<p>The police gave evidence of similar cases of false references given by prisoner. Sentence,
<rs id="t19060430-28-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-28-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-28-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28-19060430 t19060430-28-punishment-26"/>Nine months' imprisonment</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060430-29">
<interp inst="t19060430-29" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060430"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-29" type="date" value="19060430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060430-29-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-29-19060430 t19060430-29-offence-1 t19060430-29-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060430-29-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-29-19060430 t19060430-29-offence-2 t19060430-29-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-29-19060430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-29-19060430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19060430" type="age" value="39"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19060430" type="surname" value="FARTHING"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19060430" type="given" value="FREDERIC AUGUSTUS"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-19060430" type="occupation" value="gardener"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FARTHING</hi>, Frederic Augustus (39, gardener)</persName>
<rs id="t19060430-29-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-29-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-29-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>; carnally knowing
<persName id="t19060430-name-153" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-153" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-153" type="surname" value="TOMKINS"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-153" type="given" value="HELEN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-29-offence-1 t19060430-name-153"/>Helen Tomkins</persName>, a girl above 13 and under 16;</rs>
<rs id="t19060430-29-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-29-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-29-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assaultWithIntent"/>also with attempting to carnally know the said
<persName id="t19060430-name-154" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-154" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-154" type="surname" value="TOMKINS"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-154" type="given" value="HELEN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-29-offence-2 t19060430-name-154"/>Helen Tomkins</persName> and indecently assaulting her.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Rooth prosecuted.</p>
<rs id="t19060430-29-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-29-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-29-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/> </rs>
<rs id="t19060430-29-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-29-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-29-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>Guilty of indecent assault.</rs> Evidence was given of other cases of a similar kind against prisoner. Sentence,
<rs id="t19060430-29-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-29-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-29-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-29-19060430 t19060430-29-punishment-27"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060430-30">
<interp inst="t19060430-30" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060430"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-30" type="date" value="19060430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060430-30-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-19060430 t19060430-30-offence-1 t19060430-30-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-30-19060430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-30-19060430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19060430" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19060430" type="surname" value="MATTISON"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19060430" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19060430" type="occupation" value="wire worker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MATTISON</hi>, George (25, wire worker)</persName>.
<rs id="t19060430-30-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-30-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-30-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> to
<rs id="t19060430-30-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-30-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-30-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>felo
<lb/>niously marrying
<persName id="t19060430-name-156" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-156" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-156" type="surname" value="HICKMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-156" type="given" value="LAVINIA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-30-offence-1 t19060430-name-156"/>Lavinia Hickman</persName>, his wife being then alive.</rs> Sentence,
<rs id="t19060430-30-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-30-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-30-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-19060430 t19060430-30-punishment-28"/>Nine months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060430-31">
<interp inst="t19060430-31" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060430"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-31" type="date" value="19060430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060430-31-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-31-19060430 t19060430-31-offence-1 t19060430-31-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060430-31-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-31-19060430 t19060430-31-offence-1 t19060430-31-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-31-19060430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-31-19060430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19060430" type="age" value="61"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19060430" type="surname" value="GUINNESS"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19060430" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19060430" type="occupation" value="tailor"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GUINNESS</hi>, Patrick (61, tailor)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-31-19060430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-31-19060430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-31-19060430" type="age" value="41"/>
<interp inst="def2-31-19060430" type="surname" value="POULSON"/>
<interp inst="def2-31-19060430" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="def2-31-19060430" type="occupation" value="steward"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">POULSON</hi>, Charles (41, steward)</persName>
<rs id="t19060430-31-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-31-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-31-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, charged with stealing a suit of clothes, the goods of
<persName id="t19060430-name-159" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-159" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-159" type="surname" value="BROTHERS"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-159" type="given" value="HOPE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-31-offence-1 t19060430-name-159"/>Hope Brothers</persName>, and feloniously receiving the same.</rs> Guin
<lb/>ness pleaded not guilty, and Poulson
<rs id="t19060430-31-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-31-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-31-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Bassett Hopkins prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-160" type="surname" value="LAWRENCE"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-160" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM LAWRENCE</persName> </hi> (detective-constable, City Police). I was on duty in Cheapside on March 28 at 9.50 a.m. with Detective Wise. I saw prisoners walking up Cheapside, and followed them through St. Paul's Churchyard to Hope's shop, 34, Cannon Street, where both prisoners looked into the window. They went to a public-house in Knightrider Street, and went again to Hope's. Guinness looked in the doorway and came back and spoke to Poulson, and the latter hurriedly went into the shop. Guinness stood opposite the door watching to see who was about. I told Wise to caution the manager as I knew Poulson already. Shortly after Poulson came out and joined Guinness, and they went to Blackfriars. Wise again went into the shop, and, from what he told me. I told the prisoners I should arrest them for attempting to obtain a suit of clothes by a trick. I said to Poulson,"You have given the address, Johnson, 21 Room. Peele's Hotel, Fleet Street, which is not your name, neither do you live there." I took him to Cloak Lane Station. On being</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300053"/>
<p>searched a suit of clothes was found in the teat of Poulson's trousers. I told them that they would be charged with being concerned in stealing this suit of clothes from Hope's. Poul
<lb/>son said, "You have caught me properly." They have been identified by Hope.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. You did not open the shop door and look in; you looked in the window. It is possible for anyone standing out side to see who is inside port of the shop. I am sure there was nothing hanging up inside the glass. I have seen you once before in Poulson's company, when I arrested him for having a suit of clothes in his possession, September 12, 1905. To the best of my belief you are the man who got away on that occa
<lb/>sion. I hare had you under observation as a cardsharper.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-161" type="surname" value="WISE"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-161" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK WISE</persName> </hi> (Detective, City Police). To Mr. Bassett Hopkins. I was with the last witness on March 28. About 9.50 we saw the two prisoners in Cheapside, and followed them to Cannon Street, where they crossed over to Hope's shop. They went to a public-house in Knightrider Street, came out, and returned to Hope's. Guinness looked into the window, looked in the doorway, came back, and said something to Poul
<lb/>son, and the latter went into the shop. I went in and saw the manager, and cautioned him. I came out and kept obser
<lb/>vation on Guinness. In about eight minutes Poulson came out and joined Guinness. I again went into the shop, saw the manager, and from what he told me I went out again and saw Lawrence. We went to Blackfriars, where we arrested them, and they were taken to Cloak Lane, where 1s. 3d. was found on Poulson, and one penny on Guinness.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-162" type="surname" value="CRAWLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-162" type="given" value="CHARLES EDWARD"/>CHARLES EDWARD CRAWLEY</persName> </hi>, assistant to Hope Bros., 34, Can
<lb/>non Street. To Mr. Bassett Hopkins. This suit of clothes pro
<lb/>duced is Hope's; its value is 55s. I saw it at Cloak Lane Police Station, March 28; previously to that it had been in Hope's possession at our shop. We keep these ready-made clothes in the basement next to the trying-on room. I saw Poulson in that room—he tried on a complete suit. He was by himself part of the time in that room. He gave the address Peele's Hotel, Fleet Street, and his name as Johnson.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. The trying-on room is in the basement, and it would have been impossible for a man outside our shop to see what was going on there. It would not be possible for anyone outside the shop to see me art the time I was serving at I was in the basement. I have never seen you in the shop.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-163" type="surname" value="POULSON"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-163" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES POULSON</persName> </hi> (on oath). To prisoner Guinness. I met you on the day we were arrested close to the Bank of England, and we went to a public-house in Queen Victoria Street, I said I was going to order a suit of clothes, and I asked you to wait for me outside. I was in Hope's ten minutes and rejoined you. We walked to Blackfriars Bridge. You knew nothing</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300054"/>
<p>whatever about the suit of clothes. You had no idea I had that suit on me.</p>
<p>To Mr. Bassett Hopkins. I have pleaded guilty. I have been convicted of larceny only once before. I did not reside at Peele's Hotel, and my name is not Johnson; but I gave that name and address to Hope's. Guinness is not an old friend of mine; I have seen him two or three times. There was a charge against me before Christmas of being in unlawful posses
<lb/>sion of a suit of clothes. Guinness knew nothing of what I intended to do at Hope's; and when we were arrested he knew nothing of what I had inside my trousers.</p>
<rs id="t19060430-31-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-31-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-31-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>. Police proved 23 former convictions against Guinness, and several convictions against Poulson. Sentence, each prisoner
<rs id="t19060430-31-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-31-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-31-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-31-19060430 t19060430-31-punishment-29"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-31-19060430 t19060430-31-punishment-29"/>18 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060430-32">
<interp inst="t19060430-32" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060430"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-32" type="date" value="19060430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060430-32-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-32-19060430 t19060430-32-offence-1 t19060430-32-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-32-19060430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-32-19060430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19060430" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19060430" type="surname" value="WEBB"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19060430" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19060430" type="occupation" value="printing ink grinder"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WEBB</hi>, William (35, printing ink grinder)</persName>,
<rs id="t19060430-32-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-32-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-32-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> to
<rs id="t19060430-32-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-32-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-32-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>forging and uttering an order for payment of £55, with intent to defraud.</rs>
<rs id="t19060430-32-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-32-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-32-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-32-19060430 t19060430-32-punishment-30"/>Prisoner released on his own recognisances to come up for judgment when called upon.</rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>; Wednesday, May 2.</p>
<p>(Before Mr. Justice Jelf.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060430-33">
<interp inst="t19060430-33" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060430"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-33" type="date" value="19060430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060430-33-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-19060430 t19060430-33-offence-1 t19060430-33-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-33-19060430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-33-19060430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19060430" type="age" value="48"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19060430" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19060430" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19060430" type="occupation" value="porter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SMITH</hi>, William (48, porter)</persName>
<rs id="t19060430-33-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-33-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-33-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>, carnally knowing
<persName id="t19060430-name-166" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-166" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-166" type="age" value="9"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-166" type="surname" value="RICHARDSON"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-166" type="given" value="FLORENCE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-33-offence-1 t19060430-name-166"/>Florence Richardson</persName>, a girl under the age of 13 years.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Fordham prosecuted.</p>
<rs id="t19060430-33-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-33-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-33-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/> </rs>Prisoner's victim was only nine years of age, and Mr. Justice Jelf, in sentencing him to
<rs id="t19060430-33-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-33-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-33-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-19060430 t19060430-33-punishment-31"/>three years' penal servitude,</rs> de
<lb/>scribed the offence as a very wicked one.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060430-34">
<interp inst="t19060430-34" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060430"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-34" type="date" value="19060430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060430-34-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-34-19060430 t19060430-34-offence-1 t19060430-34-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-34-19060430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-34-19060430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19060430" type="age" value="55"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19060430" type="surname" value="TUCK"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19060430" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19060430" type="occupation" value="grocer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">TUCK</hi>, John (55, grocer)</persName>
<rs id="t19060430-34-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-34-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-34-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="threateningBehaviour"/>, feloniously sending and causing to be received by
<persName id="t19060430-name-168" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-168" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-168" type="surname" value="TUCK"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-168" type="given" value="ANNIE JOSEPHINE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-34-offence-1 t19060430-name-168"/>Annie Josephine Tuck</persName> a letter threatening to kill and murder one
<persName id="t19060430-name-169" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-169" type="surname" value="FRASER"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-169" type="given" value="ROBERT STEVENS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-34-offence-1 t19060430-name-169"/>Robert Stevens Fraser</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Leycester prosecuted; Mr. Huntly Jenkins defended.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-170" type="surname" value="SOUTHWELL"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-170" type="given" value="MARK"/>MARK SOUTHWELL</persName> </hi>, warder, Brixton Prison. On March 30 prisoner was in the prison. I supplied him with the paper on which the letter produced was written. I handed it over to the authorities, and in the ordinary course it would be posted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-171" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-171" type="given" value="CHARLES GEORGE"/>CHARLES GEORGE SMITH</persName> </hi>, managing clerk to Messrs. Oswald, Hanson, and Smith, solicitors. The following letter was handed to me by prisoner's wife at the police court when prisoner was Committed for trial: "Dear Nan,—In the small drawer in the bedroom you will find about ten shillings in my pocket-bag. Yon will also find further money in my purse, same drawer. I shall not be home for a few days. I am seeking my revenge with one of my many enemies, and I intend substantial com
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300055"/>
<p>before I have finished. I advise you be careful what further negotiations you have with Fraser, because his days of defiance are numbered. I feel the same to you all as ever, viz., duty and absolute duty only. Friends to the foremost; foes afterwards. (Signed) Jn. Tuck."</p>
<p>"Don't think of coming over, I implore of you. (Signed) Jn. T."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-172" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-172" type="surname" value="FRASER"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-172" type="given" value="ROBERT STEVENS"/>ROBERT STEVENS FRASER</persName> </hi>, solicitor, Finsbury Circus. I acted on behalf of prisoner in certain Chancery proceedings against his brother. They commenced some six years ago, and finished two years or 18 months since. Prisoner did not complain of my conduct when they were finished. On the contrary, he came to the office, paid a substantial sum down, took certain deeds he had lodged with me, and agreed the account. He first complained to me in June of last year. Since than he has called upon me several times. On the last occasion he struck at me as violently as he could well have done. My position was an exceedingly difficult one. I saw the man was suffering from dementia. He forced my arm through the window. His violence was only capable of one interpretation.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner's complaint had reference to the costs. I only knew of it as a member of the firm, having had nothing to do individually with those proceedings. Recently his poor wife has complained that she went in fear of her life, and I referred her to the solicitors who had previously acted for her. So far as I know, there is absolutely no reason why prisoner should have written this letter.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-173" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-173" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-173" type="surname" value="EAST"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-173" type="given" value="WILLIAM NORWOOD"/>WILLIAM NORWOOD EAST</persName> </hi>, medical officer Brixton, Prison. Pri
<lb/>soner has been under my observation since March 29, when he came into the prison. I think he is of unsound mind, and in a state of health in which he might suffer from delusions. He has complained about Mr. Fraser. I have formed my opinion about prisoner more from his conversation than from his manner.</p>
<p>To the Judge. I think his mind was so diseased that at the time he wrote this letter he did not know it was a wrong and wicked thing to do.</p>
<p>The jury deliberated, and for a time did not agree, one of their number thinking that the expression "his days of defiance are numbered" did not convey the same meaning as "his days are numbered."
<rs id="t19060430-34-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-34-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-34-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="insane"/>Eventually prisoner was found Guilty, but held to be insane, and not responsible according to law at the time he committed the act.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19060430-34-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-34-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-34-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="insanity"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-34-19060430 t19060430-34-punishment-32"/>Mr. Justice Jelf directed prisoner to be kept in custody till the pleasure of His Majesty should be known.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PRISONER</hi>. Is there any appeal against this? I am a good many years old to find out insane.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060430-35">
<interp inst="t19060430-35" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060430"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-35" type="date" value="19060430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060430-35-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-35-19060430 t19060430-35-offence-1 t19060430-35-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060430-35-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-35-19060430 t19060430-35-offence-2 t19060430-35-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300056"/>
<persName id="def1-35-19060430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-35-19060430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19060430" type="age" value="65"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19060430" type="surname" value="ALBERICO"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19060430" type="given" value="PIETRO"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19060430" type="occupation" value="piano maker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALBERICO</hi>, Pietro (65, piano maker)</persName>
<rs id="t19060430-35-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-35-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-35-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>, carnally knowing,
<persName id="t19060430-name-175" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-175" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-175" type="surname" value="MONCUR"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-175" type="given" value="HARRIET ELIZABETH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-35-offence-1 t19060430-name-175"/>Harriet Elizabeth Moncur</persName>, a girl under the age of 13 years;</rs>
<rs id="t19060430-35-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-35-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-35-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="indecentAssault"/>indecently assaulting
<persName id="t19060430-name-176" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-176" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-176" type="surname" value="PRESTAGE"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-176" type="given" value="HARRIET"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-35-offence-2 t19060430-name-176"/>Harriet Prestage</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Fordham prosecuted.</p>
<rs id="t19060430-35-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-35-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-35-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="directed"/>Mr. Justice Jelf, after hearing the evidence of the two girls, held that it would not be safe to convict prisoner on the more serious charge, and directed the jury accordingly.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t19060430-35-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-35-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-35-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>Guilty of indecent assaults.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-177" type="surname" value="BAXTER"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-177" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>SERGEANT ERNEST BAXTER</persName> </hi>, E Division. Prisoner has been known to the police since 1891. On July 2 he was sentenced to three months' hard labour at Clerkenwell Police Court for indecent exposure to little girls. In 1897 he was convicted of a similar offence at the same court, and again sentenced to three months. In 1899, at North London Sessions, he was sentenced to nine months' hard labour for indecent assault on a child. He was again charged in 1903, but acquitted.</p>
<rs id="t19060430-35-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-35-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-35-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-35-19060430 t19060430-35-punishment-33"/>Mr. Justice Jelf, in sentencing prisoner to eighteen months' hard labour, described him as a pest to society, and expressed the hope that when he had served his term of imprisonment it would be possible to get rid of him under the Act for the ex
<lb/>pulsion of undesirable aliens.</rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>; Wednesday, May 2.</p>
<p>(Before Mr. Recorder.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060430-36">
<interp inst="t19060430-36" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060430"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-36" type="date" value="19060430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060430-36-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-36-19060430 t19060430-36-offence-1 t19060430-36-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-36-19060430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-36-19060430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19060430" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19060430" type="surname" value="CRAWFORD"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19060430" type="given" value="FRANCIS HADEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-19060430" type="occupation" value="merchant"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CRAWFORD</hi>, Francis Haden (42, merchant)</persName>
<rs id="t19060430-36-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-36-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-36-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, being entrusted with a cheque for £99 15s. 1d. by
<persName id="t19060430-name-179" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-179" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-179" type="surname" value="CAMPBELL"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-179" type="given" value="FRANK MURRAY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-36-offence-1 t19060430-name-179"/>Frank Murray Campbell</persName>, un
<lb/>lawfully and fraudulently converted the same to his own use. Second count: Uttering the said cheque.</rs>
<rs id="t19060430-36-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-36-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-36-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>No evidence was offered for the prosecution, and a verdict of Not guilty was entered.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060430-37">
<interp inst="t19060430-37" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060430"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-37" type="date" value="19060430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060430-37-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-37-19060430 t19060430-37-offence-1 t19060430-37-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060430-37-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-37-19060430 t19060430-37-offence-2 t19060430-37-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-37-19060430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-37-19060430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19060430" type="age" value="61"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19060430" type="surname" value="HYAMS"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19060430" type="given" value="DAVID"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19060430" type="occupation" value="no occupation"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HYAMS</hi>, David (61, no occupation)</persName>
<rs id="t19060430-37-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-37-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-37-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>; stealing two brass menu frames, the property of
<persName id="t19060430-name-181" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-181" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-181" type="surname" value="DEWAR"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-181" type="given" value="THOMAS ROBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-37-offence-1 t19060430-name-181"/>Sir Thomas Robert Dewar</persName>; second count, feloniously received the same knowing them to be stolen;</rs>
<rs id="t19060430-37-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-37-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-37-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>also stealing 7 lb. of metal (copper and brass), the property of
<persName id="t19060430-name-182" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-182" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-182" type="surname" value="BURSTALL"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-182" type="given" value="HENRY ROBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-37-offence-2 t19060430-name-182"/>Henry Robert Burstall</persName> and another; second count, receiving the same knowing them to be stolen.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Arthur Hutton and Mr. Symmons prosecuted. Mr. Wildey Wright defended.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">TAPPENDEN</hi>, police-sergeant (A Division). On April 7 I obtained a search warrant and went with Sergeant Beard to 90, Lower Kennington Lane, occupied by the prisoner as a marine store dealer. I told him we were police-officers and said, "Is your name Hyams?" He said "Yes; that is my name." I said, "During the last eight weeks have you bought any small</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300057"/>
<p>quantities of metal or brass on Friday evenings?" He said, No, I never buy small quantities of brass or metal—I never buy less than 1 cwt." I said, "I have a man in custody who has made a statement to the effect that you have bought small quantities of brass and metal." He made no reply. We then went to the shed at the back and found a quantity of brass and metal in sacks, which was identified by the prosecutor, Burstall (produced). The articles are used for testing purposes to do with electricity. This weighs about 16 lb. We afterwards found 14 couplings for cable heads belonging to the G. P. O. marked with a broad arrow. After the prisoner appeared be
<lb/>fore the magistrate we went back and took possession of a quan
<lb/>tity of other property, and these Rosbach menu frames, used at restaurants, and two Apollinaris frames (produced). I asked him if he kept books and he said, "No, I do not" A marine store dealer is bound to keep books under statute, in which to enter all purchases and weights and the names of customers. He has under the door,"David Hyams, Marine Store Dealer." A man would not be exempt merely because he called himself a general dealer. A quantity of bed-ticking covered the sacks. The property we took possession of also included new unions that appeared to be wilfully damaged. They have not been identified. They are used for water-pipes and such like (pro
<lb/>duced). There was about 26 ft. of new copper-plate, and also a quantity of new cable copper wire that had been cut.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The proportion of things identified is fairly small, with the exception of the P. O. stuff. The prisoner has a marine store dealer's and a furniture shop in the same street. He has carried on business there for fourteen or fifteen years. I understand the police have searched his place on two occasions by warrant, but have found nothing. He has borne an exem
<lb/>plary character. He at once admitted his identity. He told us the stuff was in the back and we found it and shot it out. He took us there. The bed-ticks were packed up in parcels. I do not know whether to be sent away. The staff is in the same condition now as when we found it. These are brass unions and shoulders for water taps and joints for water pipes, I should say. I should not think they had been acci
<lb/>dentally damaged. They bear marks of a hammer. I should say the whole lot weights 5 or 6 cwt. This piece of gun-metal weighs 24 lb. There would be about 40 lb. of it. The shop is rather dark, and it might be difficult to see the marks on the metal.</p>
<p>Re-examined. It is not far to go from the place where he weighs the things to see them. This Rosbach frame looks as if it had been wrenched off by a jemmy. The letter-paint has been packed out. Whether he had shown us the shed or not we should have searched the whole place.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300058"/>
<p>Further cross-examined. The Rosbach frames are exactly as they were, the menu is put inside them. I understand they are never thrown away—they are the sole property of the Rosbach and Apollinaris people, and they never sell them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-183" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-183" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-183" type="surname" value="BEARD"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-183" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN BEARD</persName> </hi>, Police-sergeant, A Division. I went with Tappenden to prisoner's premises, where we found the couplings for cables with the G. P. O. and broad arrow marks upon them. I asked the prisoner,"Where did you get these from?" He said, "I bought them at a sale last week." These notes I made at the time—I think I can do without them. I did not direct his attention to the marks. He said he bought the Rosbach frames at a sale in Oxford Street. We went into a private room where there was a female, I believe his daughter. He said to her,"I have to go with these officers. I did not buy the copper—you did." She replied,"Yes, on Monday last." I took that to refer to the copper bought of Burstall. The G. P. O. things are not copper, but gun-metal and brass.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. As far as I know, prisoner's statements were true. I did not examine the marks of the G. P. O. and broad arrow at the time. I do not know that there are frequent sales of G. P. O. surplus stuff.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-184" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-184" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-184" type="surname" value="BERRITT"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-184" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES BERRITT</persName> </hi>, Police-sergeant, A Division. I went with Tappenden and Beard to the prisoner's premises. I have since ascertained that the female is his daughter. I did not hear What he said to her, but she replied,"Look at the bright side I will take the responsibility; I bought it when you were out." He said, "Very well—you bought it last Monday night." Another officer, Goodwilley, came in to assist in the search, and the prisoner said to him,"You remember the other day—when you were in," He said, "Yes," and he said, "You re
<lb/>member I was going out?" The officer said, "Yes," and he said, "She bought this when I was out." I cannot say whether that was on a Monday.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. So far as I know, the prisoner's statements were true. There was an elderly woman also present. I was standing at the doorway with another man now at the back of the court, who is bail.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-185" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-185" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-185" type="surname" value="BETTERIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-185" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE BETTERIDGE</persName> </hi>, 98, Tyer Street. I was employed by Messrs Burstall and Monkhouse, at 14, Old Queen Street. I used to go there on Fridays to clean the windows and do odd jobs, and as machine teeter. I began stealing and pleaded guilty at the police court, and was bound over. I took bits of brass and long pieces of copper from the machinery place where I worked. I took them in paper in my apron a few pounds at a time. I used to take it home and have my tea, and then undo it and take it to Hyams', which is about ten minutes' walk. He was a stranger. It was after Christmas that I began taking it. It happened seven or eight times. Prisoner used</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300059"/>
<p>to give me 1s. 9d., 2s., or 2s. 6d. He put it in the scale and had a slight look at it. I never knew the weight. I always sold to him—not his daughter. He never asked me where I got the stuff from.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I went to Hyams believing him to be a respectable tradesman. I took what he gave me. It had the appearance of being stuff that was done with, mostly—it is stuff that is tested and broken in halves. I am sure he did not ask me if it was my own. I was so pinched—I had lost my wife and four children, and I became a thief—not a profes
<lb/>sional thief. I got off very easily. The police followed me and asked me to undo the parcel.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I was arrested on April 7. I bold the police the truth. I previously had an excellent character.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-186" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-186" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-186" type="surname" value="SHETTLE"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-186" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM C. SHETTLE</persName> </hi>, assistant to Burstall and Monkhouse, 14, Old Queen Street, Westminster, engineers. I identify the property shown to me at prisoner's premises as theirs, value about 5s. or 6s; It is stamped with a special mark. It is new material, and has been used for testing purposes. It has never been sold at old brass. This specimen has our ordinary tech
<lb/>nical number, but not a special mark.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The number 31, 335 it our mark, the num
<lb/>bers on these specimens are the numbers entered in our book. They are entrusted to us by clients to be tested to find out the quality of the material, and if any question should arise they want to see the specimens; so we always have to have them in case we have to produce them. They are kept for 12 months, and then disposed of at scrap material to be melted down.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-187" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-187" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-187" type="surname" value="BENWELL"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-187" type="given" value="PERCY GIBSON"/>PERCY GIBSON BENWELL</persName> </hi>, Stores Department, G. P. O., at Mount Pleasant. On, April 10 I went to Scotland Yard, where Sergeant Tappenden showed me the things found at prisoner's place. They are called linings, and are the property of the Postmaster-General. They are marked with the broad arrow and "G. P. O." They would not be sold in that condition. We had not missed them. We have two lots—scrap gun-metal and brass—and if sold we should dismount the metal from the brass. We should not sell the bearing with the rubber lining on it.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. We have sold linings of the older type, but not in that condition. I said at the police court, of some of the linings,"It would be possible that they could be sold as old stores, but with others it is quite impossible." Since saying that I have investigated the system. I still say in theory it is possible.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-188" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-188" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-188" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-188" type="given" value="CUTHBERT JOHN"/>CUTHBERT JOHN EVANS</persName> </hi>, plumber at the G. P. O. I attended at Scotland Yard, and identified some of the property of the Post Office—three, two-inch gun-metal fittings for cable heads. I saw them last in the G. P. O. vaults up to March 30 in a box. I then went from the G. P. O., Mount Pleasant, to Hyde Park,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300060"/>
<p>till April 9. I missed some of these on my return. I recog
<lb/>nised my own work on them.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I do not think we find two men work alike. I have no doubt as to these.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SERGEANT TAPPENDEN</hi> (recalled). When I took prisoner to the police station I spoke to him about the menu frames of the Apollinaris Company. He said, "My son-in-law bought those in Bond Street." I said, "Was it at the 'Blue Post Tavern?'" He said, "Yes."</p>
<p>Further cross-examined. I was given a catalogue of the sale. They are not in this catalogue. Lot 55 is a quantity of bottles.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-189" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-189" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-189" type="surname" value="EASTOE"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-189" type="given" value="STANLEY"/>STANLEY EASTOE</persName> </hi>, clerk to the Apollinaris Company, Limited. I went with Sergeant Tappenden to Scotland Yard on April 12 and identified two of our menu frames. We do not sell them, but loan them out. Now they would be worth £1 3s. each. We note to whom we tend them. Two frames were sent to the "Blue Post," and have never been returned. I cannot say whether these are the two. I believe the "Blue Post" was sold up.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. They are old brass value now. The com
<lb/>pany sends out large numbers to almost every public-house in London and elsewhere. We do not lose them to my knowledge. When they are done with they are returned and fixed up at other public-houses. Perhaps our representative would not always know when they were missing.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-190" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-190" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-190" type="surname" value="CLARKE"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-190" type="given" value="GEORGE FREDERICK"/>GEORGE FREDERICK CLARKE</persName> </hi>, clerk to C. N. Stevens and Co., 17, Ryder Street, St. James's, auctioneers. There was a sale at the "Blue Post" Tavern, 32, Bond Street, on March 14. These frames are not included in the list of anything belonging to the Apollinaris Company.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. We should not sell them because we should consider they were the property of the company. We sent to different people to remove their things, like barrels belonging to the brewers—Salt and Co., I believe. We distrained for rent.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-191" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-191" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-191" type="surname" value="PARISH"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-191" type="given" value="SIDNEY"/>SIDNEY PARISH</persName> </hi>, in the employ of the Rosbach Company. I went to Scotland Yard and identified these two menu frames. We never sell them, but lend them out; they should be re
<lb/>turned. I do not know when they were lost.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. We occasionally lose them.</p>
<p>(Evidence for the defence.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PRISONER</hi> (on oath). I have carried on business for over 40 years as a general dealer and furniture and rag shop. I have never been a marine store dealer. I had the name up,"Marine</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300061"/>
<p>Store Dealer" and was told it was wrong and had it taken down after the police told my daughter about it. It had been up about twelve months at the time of this occurrence. I have three establishments in Kennington. I was never questioned as to not keeping books till after I was charged. I have never before had any charge made against me. I was arrested on Saturday, April 7, I believe. When Betteridge brought me things I had no idea that they were stolen. He asked me if I bought metal. I said, "How much have you got?" He showed me. I said, "Is it yours?" He said, "Yes; it is mine. I am a master man." I believed him. I did not keep books because I was not in the habit of buying such a lot of metal I gene
<lb/>rally go to sales. My business is not that of a marine store dealer. I buy horse-hair and feathers for bedding. I have a furniture shop and sell tons of feathers and horse-hair. I did not weigh the stuff Betteridge brought me. I tore the paper and saw what it was and paid him, as I calculated, about 5 1/2 d. per lb. for it—a fair value. It is only worth 62s. per cwt. Sell
<lb/>ing it to me for 5 1/2 d., I should eventually get about 6 1/4 d. I should say I bought of him about 6 or 7 lb. I gave him 2s. 9d. They did not tell me they had a search-warrant if I did not show them over. It was scrap-metal—useless except for melt
<lb/>ing. I never saw the G. P. O. and broad arrow-marked stuff till the police pulled it out. I know now they came there through my daughter. I had gone to Islington with my wife that night. When I came home about 11.30 my shop was shut up, and I did not see my daughter, who had been minding it, till next morning. She said someone had brought some things, and said he wanted 10s. She said she told him she had not so much, but would lend him 6s. I have not seen him since. I have never bought the Rosbach frames. They were bought by a man named Levy in the name of Jones—my son-in-law; in fact, he borrowed the money of me to pay for the things. He brought the bottles home, and took them to the bottle mer
<lb/>chant, who said, "We are full up, and can't take them," and he brought them to my house and asked me to warehouse them. I did not know that a marine store dealer should keep books. I took the police all over the place and they took two silver rattles out of my drawer that I had had for 20 years. The wire I got at different sales to sell again for melting down.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. When the police officers came to me on April 7 they asked if I knew them. I said "Yes." They asked me if, during the last eight weeks, I had bought small quantities of brass or metal on Friday evenings. I did not then say, "No, I never buy small quantities—I never buy less than 1 cwt." It is untrue I said, "Not to my knowledge. If I have it is in the back." I very seldom buy small quantities. I have only seen Betteridge twice. If he has visited me seven or eight</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300062"/>
<p>times the goods would be there. It is untrue that he has been to me seven or eight times. A man who gave evidence (I don't know whether it was Sergeant Cornish) came to me on Decem
<lb/>ber 31 and asked me if I had been buying small portions of metal. He did not give me the name of Oxley or Joshua. I do not know that they have been convicted. I had no idea of keeping books. I do not deal largely in metals. Betteridge told me he was a master engineer in Tyre Streets. The police went over the place on Sunday morning. I was in bed, but I showed them over, and said, "If you think I have got it come and look." They were quite welcome. My daughter did not say in their presence,"Look on the bright side of it. I will take the responsibility." She said, "Father, I will take the responsibility. I bought that when you were out." I did not know it. I said, "If you bought it on Monday night this is it." My daughter does not live with me. She is a married woman, and was minding my place for convenience. She lent money on it. I did not suggest to her it was Monday night. She suggesed it to me. I saw the Apollinaris frames when my son-in-law brought them in and threw them in my shed. I know nothing of them. I did not make inquiries respecting them. That is a screw, and has been in my place two or three years. It is a big screw of a press, and is phosphorus bronze and not gun-metal at all. You may buy 56 lb. of metal—it is not limited to 1 cwt.</p>
<p>Re-examined. My son-in-law bought the Rosbach plates with about 12 bags of bottles. I said to the officer,"Are you going to take me down to the station?" He said, "Yes; you must go." So when my daughter heard it she said, "Father, don't upset yourself. I will take all the responsibility. I bought it"—or lent money on it, or something to that effect, and then they took me in a cab. It only came to my knowledge last week that you must not buy under 56 lb. weight of metal.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-192" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-192" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-192" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-192" type="given" value="LEAH"/>LEAH WRIGHT</persName> </hi>. I am a daughter of the prisoner and wife of Thomas Wright, a coal porter, of 98, Lower Kennington Lane. I took charge of my father's shop on the evening of April 2. He left me 12s. A man brought in some metal in a sack. He said."I have some metal to sell." I said, "I don't understand buying metal." He said, "If the guv'nor were here he would buy it." I said, "Father can do as he likes. I have nothing to do with the business." He said, "It's all right." I said, "I told you just now I can't buy it. I don't understand it." He stayed some time. I said, "It's no use stopping. I can't buy it" He said he had got £1 worth."Feel the weight of the bag." I said I had no idea, but I did feel the weight, but could not raise it from the ground. I said, "I am sorry father is not in, but if he is not in by 9.30 you can see him any time in the morning after 10." He said, "I must have some money,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300063"/>
<p>for I have the brokers in. Can't you advance me some money?" I said, "I don't do business like that," but I went in and counted my money and said, "I am sorry, but I can let you have 6s. on account," and then I knew I was doing wrong. He left it and I dragged it out and put it in the shed. I told my father the next morning.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I don't know what the balance would be. I am not in the shop every day. I have children to look after and have nothing to do with the business. I meant by "doing wrong" that I thought it ought to go in the scale. I don't know that books ought to be kept I know metal should be bought over a certain weight. I was upstairs cleaning when the police arrived. I said, "Father, have I got you into this trouble? If crying; I did buy it then.</p>
<p>Re-examined. My father said nothing to induce me to tell a falsehood. I tried to cheer him up. I never looked to see what the metal was marked.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-193" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-193" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-193" type="surname" value="LEVY"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-193" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID LEVY</persName> </hi>. I am a son-in-law of the prisoner and am a dealer in rags and bottles, of 12, Tyer Street, Lambeth. The Rosbach plates were amongst the bottles that I bought at the "Blue Post" public-house—I think, on March 13 or 14. This is a catalogue of the sale. It is Lot 55: "A very large quantity of empty bottles and jars." They were in the cellar. I noticed one Rosbach plate set apart. The bottles were distributed in three different parts of the cellar. They are in the same con
<lb/>dition now. When I bought the things I went to Skinner, a bottle merchant of Kennington Cross, to sell them, but they were full up. I then took the bottles and plates to the pri
<lb/>soner's place. He gave me full value (5d. a lb.) for the frames. I do not remember what the amount was. I asked him to ad
<lb/>vance me a few shillings on the bottles to go to work with.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I am in his shop perhaps twice a week. He weighed them in his hand. I don't know that you must not buy metal under a certain weight. I buy metal, such as chandeliers and gas brackets.</p>
<rs id="t19060430-37-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-37-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-37-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty.</rs> Prisoner received a good character. Sen
<rs id="t19060430-37-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-37-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-37-punishment-34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-37-19060430 t19060430-37-punishment-34"/>nine months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOURTH COURT</hi>; Wednesday, May 2.</p>
<p>(Before Judge Lumley Smith.)</p>
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<persName id="def1-38-19060430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-38-19060430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19060430" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19060430" type="surname" value="BROOKS"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19060430" type="given" value="ERNEST GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19060430" type="occupation" value="fishmonger"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BROOKS</hi>, Ernest George (22. fishmonger)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-38-19060430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-38-19060430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-38-19060430" type="surname" value="GERLI"/>
<interp inst="def2-38-19060430" type="given" value="CESARE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GERLI</hi>, Cesare</persName>, charged, Brooks, with
<rs id="t19060430-38-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-38-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-38-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>stealing 27 fish, the goods of
<persName id="t19060430-name-196" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-196" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060430-38-offence-1 t19060430-name-196"/>D. Vigo and Sons, Limited</persName>, his masters;</rs> and Gerli with
<rs id="t19060430-38-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-38-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-38-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/>feloni
<lb/>ously receiving the same.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300064"/>
<rs id="t19060430-38-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060430-38-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-38-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs>; Gerli, not guilty.</p>
<p>Mr. Charles Matthews prosecuted; Mr. R. D. Muir for the prisoner Gerli, and Mr. Hutton for the prisoner Brooks.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-197" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-197" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-197" type="surname" value="PRATT"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-197" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST PRATT</persName> </hi>, Alpha Place, Chelsea. I am a motor-car driver, and have been in the service of Vigo and Co., fish
<lb/>mongers, 163, Sloane Street. The motor has the name of my employers on it. (Photo produced.) Brooks was in the same employment as myself, and for six months prior to April 14 I drove him occasionally on his rounds. For two months pre
<lb/>viously I drove him regularly. The round would be Padding
<lb/>ton, Great Central, King's Cross; occasionally Charing Cross; and Victoria frequently. I know 15, Wilton Road, where Gerli keeps his restaurant. I used to drive Brooks to Wilton Road, within 30 or 50 yards of the restaurant, four to six doors off, and he used to take a box out of the car and take it into the restaurant, and on his return put the box in the car again. About a fortnight before April 14 I pulled up the other side of Victoria Station, in Grosvenor Gardens. He took the box out of the car and went through the station into Wilton Road. On April 12, two days before the arrest, I re
<lb/>member Brooks taking a box out of the car, going away for a time, and afterwards returning. We went to the "Turk's Head" for refreshments; that was usual after these deliveries. The boxes taken by Brooks to Wilton Road had no addresses on them. I do not know Gerli; never saw him.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Muir. The car has Vigo's name on both sides and underneath it: When we drove to Wilton Road we stopped at the north end, where the buses stop, 30 or 50 yards away from Gerli's. That is where we habitually stopped. My habit was up to the date when it was changed to stop at the end of Wilton Road, and we went away the same way as we came; so that we never passed Gerli's at all. I turned the car round after Brooks took the goods out of the car. When the road was up (about a month before the arrest) Brooks left the car in the usual place. We always used to go to the "Turk's Head" after these deliveries, as well as other deliveries.</p>
<p>To Mr. Matthews. After we had been to Wilton Road we returned by way of Victoria Station to Sloane Street; we should not go along Wilton Road.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-198" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-198" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-198" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-198" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY JONES</persName> </hi>, Police-sergeant, B Division, examined by Mr. Matthews. In consequence of instructions received, I and another officer watched 15, Wilton Road from March 24. On March 29 Brooks came from Gerli's restaurant. The motor-car was in Wilton Road. Brooks got into the car and drove away. On April 12 I was in Wilton Road at 2.35 p. m., and I saw Brooks leave the car carrying an empty box or tray; he went</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300065"/>
<p>to the motor, which was stationed in Grosvenor Gardens. On April 14 I was in Wilton Road with other officers, and I saw Brooks coming from the station yard carrying a box of fish (box produced). Steel and I followed him to Gerli's. We went in together and saw both Brooks and Gerli. I said to Brooks,"Where did you get that fish from?" he replied,"I bought it at Billingsgate Market.?" I said, "You will be charged with stealing it from Vigo's." I told Gerli he would also have to go on the charge of receiving it with guilty know
<lb/>ledge. He said, "I have a letter that all the fish sold to me was bought at Billingsgate Market." I said, "Give me the letter." I accompanied him to his bedroom, and he gave me the letter from the chest of drawers."Gerli's Restaurant, 30.3.06.—I hereby declare that the fish I sold to C. Gerli was purchased from Billingsgate Market by me, E. Gayford." He said, "I ordered salmon and turbot on Friday." On the way to the station he said, "Make a note of what he said; he bought it at Billingsgate." At the station the letter was seen by Thompson and Brooks. Brooks said, "I own I wrote that letter; I did not want the man to know my name." While Gerli was being taken to the station he said, "Mr. Zapelloni told me the police were watching for a man selling fish, and I made the man come in my parlour and write that letter." Brooks said, "I did not buy it at Billingsgate; but I decline to give the man's name." After the charge was read over Gerli said, "Oh, not knowing it to have been stolen. I have a letter." The box was examined and found to contain one salmon, one turbot, and 25 soles. At the station Gerli said it was on the Thursday that he gave the order to purchase the salmon, not Friday. While I was at his premises he gave me no in
<lb/>voice, bill, or receipt for the fish. The fish in the box weighed about 30 lb.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Muir. I have known Gerli a number of years, since 1889. He has been licensed since 1897. I have had occasion to call there and see Gerli. It is the duty of the inspector at the annual licensing sessions to report to the magistrates as to the good conduct of all licensed premises. Gerli's license has been renewed annually since 1897. There are 50 tables in the dining-room, and it would accommodate 200 persons at one time. There it a bar at No. 15, and a counter in front of the bar. It was at that bar that the fish was de
<lb/>livered on April 14. Gerli was there, and a number of waiters. Mrs. Gerli and his daughters assist him. When I saw Brooks go out he always went out of the same door. It was in the middle of the day. I entered half a minute after Brooks entered. Brooks had a fishmonger's apron on. There was no cover to the box; it was the sort of box that fish hawkers use for fish. I did not see any fish hawker go in. We began to watch from half-past</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300066"/>
<p>eleven to one; latest was half-pest three. I have seen Belle at the restaurant. I think in July or August, 1905. The letter written by Brooks was twice referred to by Gerli; first, when I went into the restaurant, and again referred to at the station and when the charge was read to him."Knowing it to have been stolen," he said."No; not knowing it to have been stolen. I have a letter."</p>
<p>To Mr. Matthews. On March 29 I was stationed just outside Gerli's, facing the motor-car. Zappelloni's is close to Gerli's, No. 7. When Brooks came out he walked towards me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-199" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-199" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-199" type="surname" value="PHELPS"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-199" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE PHELPS</persName> </hi>, police-constable, 92 B. I saw Brooks on April 4 at 2.35 driving a cart with Vigo's name on it. He pulled up in front of the tobacco shop, seven or eight shops away from Gerli's restaurant, in Wilton Road. He took a box out of the cart, placed it on his head, and took it into Gerli's. In 10 minutes he came out with the box, which he put in the back of the cart and drove away. He was alone in the cart. On April 12 I saw Brooks coming out of the restaurant at quarter to three with an empty fish tray, and he went across Wilton Road, across Victoria Station, and into Grosvenor Gardens, where the motor-car was waiting for him. He got into the motor and drove away. I was with Steel, and we followed Brooks through the station and saw him drive away.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Muir. On both dates, April 4 and 12, it was the middle of the day. On April 4 the cart was driven into Wilton Road, and on the 12th it was left at the other side of the station. The cart was in Wilton Road on April 4.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-200" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-200" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-200" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-200" type="given" value="JAMES KINGHORN"/>JAMES KINGHORN THOMPSON</persName> </hi>, 5, Markham Square, Chelsea. I am manager to Vigo and Co. Brooks has been in their employ three years as roundsman. It is his duty to deliver fish, which he used to do by a cart driven by himself, and in later months by a motor driven by Pratt. We have been missing fish for some six months prior to April 14, prime fish, sole, turbot, salmon, and lobster. In ordinary course, fish delivered by Brooks would have a ticket attached with the address of the person. It would have Vigo's name on it; so would the cart. We never had Gerli as a customer. I have never known of a delivery of fish at Gerli's from Vigo's premises or carts. On April 14 I went to the police station and there saw a box con
<lb/>taining fish consisting of a turbot, a salmon, and 25 soles, which I identified as the property of the company.</p>
<p>(Evidence for the Defence.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-201" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-201" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-201" type="surname" value="LANG"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-201" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS LANG</persName> </hi> (77, High Holborn),
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-202" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-202" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-202" type="surname" value="PAGOTT"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-202" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY PAGOTT</persName> </hi> (159, Vic
<lb/>toria Street),
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-203" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-203" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-203" type="surname" value="CROWDAIS"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-203" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY CROWDAIS</persName> </hi> (159, Victoria Street),
<hi rend="smallCaps">LAWRENCE</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604300067"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-204" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-204" type="surname" value="JOULTON"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-204" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>MICHAEL JOULTON</persName> </hi> (159, Victoria Street), and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-205" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-205" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-205" type="surname" value="HERON"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-205" type="given" value="EDWARD ERNEST"/>EDWARD ERNEST HERON</persName> </hi>, jun. (135, Victoria Street), were called, and stated that Gerli was an honest and trustworthy man.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060430-name-206" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060430-name-206" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-206" type="surname" value="GERLI"/>
<interp inst="t19060430-name-206" type="given" value="CESARE"/>CESARE GERLI</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I have a restaurant at 15, Wilton Road, and I am 55 years of age, married, with four children, a native of Italy. I came to England in 1875 or 6. I conducted a restaurant at Southport for two years, then came to London and started in business in Wilton Road. I paid £3,500 for the business, and have since spent £6,000 in improving premises. I have had a full licence since 1897. I pay a rent of £500 a year. It is a large restaurant capable of seating 200 at once, and I employ eight waiters. I have been dealing with Brooks for two years. I knew him first at Waterloo Restaurant, kept by my brother-in-law. He told my brother-in-law he bought the fish at the market, and he sold it at a shilling a pair of soles to him. I made an arrangement with him to supply me, and he has supplied me at that price ever since, whether big or little."Sometimes they are six ounce, sometimes seven ounce, but it is always a shilling a pair. He came four or five times a week. He brought the fish to the bar at the chief entrance and put the tray down on the bar, where everybody could see him. If I was there I paid, or my girls or my wife. He used to come about half-past two with the uncovered tray in his hand. I deal with other fish-hawkers in the same way. They have no rent to pay and can sell cheap. I bought of three fish salesmen. We pay cash and take no receipt. I put £10 in my pocket in the morning, and I paid for what came in. I run an account with another man for fish (Isaacs), and I pay him by cheque. On March 29 Mr. Zappelloni told me there was a fishmonger in Wilton Road who was selling fish that was not paid for. Next day, when Brooks came I took him upstairs and told him there was a detective in Wilton Road watching a man who is selling fish which is not paid for: is it you? He said, "It is not me, I buy my fish." I said, "Give me a letter to that effect "; and he wrote the letter. I believed him when he said he bought it at Billingsgate. I went away to Italy on July 28 and returned the middle of September, leaving the business in charge of Belle. He was with me a few days before I went, and saw me buy fish from Brooks, and I gave him authority to buy in the same way, and from the other hawkers as well.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I met Brooks at my brother-in-law's two years ago. I did not know Brooks's name nor where he lived. I never asked. From that time for about five times a week he has been coming to 15, Wilton Road. The price I gave him for soles was invariably a shilling a pair. They are "restaurant soles," of from six to eight ounce. I am not aware that the soles</p>
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<p>delivered on April 14 work out at three-quarters of a pound apiece in weight, nor that the wholesale price is 2s. per lb. I never inquired, although I have been dealing with hawkers for 20 years. I am not aware that the soles delivered by Brooks on any occasion weighed 9 lb. I bought fish from two whitebait men, and from Taber. I had no account with him. I paid cash. He is a regular merchant, supplying West End restaurants. On March 29 Zappelloni told me there was a fishmonger in Wilton Road selling fish that was not paid for, and that the detectives were on the watch. Next morning I saw Brooks, and that was the first time I inquired into his name. I did not ask him where he lived. I did not dictate the letter, he signed it in my presence,"E. Gayford." That was the first time I knew his name. I never before asked his name or address. I took no letter from the other men who de
<lb/>livered fish. I cannot tell why my suspicions were directed to Brooks. Of course, Taber is there in the shop at the market. It never occurred to me to follow Brooks, or find out where he was employed. There is no entry in any book of mine lately of fish delivered by Brooks. There was a book, but we cannot find it. While I was away Belle made entries in a book. When I returned the book was full, and the bookkeeper started another book, and this book we cannot find; it has been de
<lb/>stroyed. The name of the bookkeeper was Lombardi. The book disappeared a month ago—or even longer ago than that. I bought a small book, and there are two or three lots of fish in it. I think it is in existence. I do not know who destroyed the book I have referred to. It did not occur after Zappelloni spoke to me, but before. I gave no order to destroy it. It is over two months ago.</p>
<p>To Mr. Muir. I have known the two whitebait men 15 years, and I knew Taber in the market. I have known him for three or four years. Brooks was the man I knew least about. The soles, for which I agreed to pay a shilling a pair for all the year round, were restaurant soles, from six to seven ounces. I never dealt with Vigo. This is a West End house with West End prices.</p>
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<interp inst="t19060430-name-207" type="given" value="MINA"/>MINA GERLI</persName> </hi>. I am wife of Gerli, and help him in the business. I have known Brooks two years. I knew him as a fishmonger. He sold soles at a shilling a pair all the year round. Very often I paid him as I was in the bar. No receipt was given. I pay for many things like that—ice, cake, white
<lb/>bait, and other things.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Matthews. I made no entry in my book of any payments made to Brooks. The arrangement with him was the same arrangement as with my brother. I cannot tell you how long he dealt with Brooks before he left and sold his business. Brooks delivered fish to us four or five</p>
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<p>times a week—whenever he went to the market. Sometimes four pair, or five or six. I don't think it ever was a dozen Lombardi kept a book showing takings and payments. All the money paid in the bar I put down as sundries. That book is destroyed. I threw it away myself. I cannot tell you when it was. I paid Brooks. 2s. 9d. per lb. for a few salmon; and 1s. or 1s. 2d. for turbot. There was no arrangement about that, it was as the market price. No document or writing of any kind passed between us. I did not know his name or address, or whose service he was in.</p>
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<interp inst="t19060430-name-208" type="given" value="IDA"/>IDA GERLI</persName> </hi>. I am daughter of prisoner, and assist in the business. I have seen Brooks bring soles. Sometimes I paid him—it was a shilling a pair. It was always in the daytime, and anybody could see what was done.</p>
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<interp inst="t19060430-name-209" type="given" value="LENA"/>LENA GERLI</persName> </hi>. I assist my father in carrying on the restau
<lb/>rant, and I have seen Brooks bring fish to the shop and deliver it at the bar. He was paid a shilling a pair.</p>
<p>To Mr. Matthews. My father told me that was the price. He did not bring salmon—always soles.</p>
<p>To Mr. Muir. I have been to Italy to be educated, and I returned two years ago. I have not seen Brooks delivering salmon or turbot.</p>
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