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<p>1906, APRIL (1).</p>
<p>Vol. CXLIV.] [Part 858.</p>
<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</p>
<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>MORGAN, MAYOR.</p>
<p>SIXTH SESSION,</p>
<p>HELD APRIL 2ND, 1906, AND FOLLOWING DAYS.</p>
<p>MINUTES OF EVIDENCE,</p>
<p>TAKEN IN SHORTHAND BY</p>
<p>
<persName id="t19060402-name-1">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-1" type="surname" value="WALPOLE"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-1" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WALPOLE</persName>,</p>
<p>Shorthand Writer to the Court.</p>
<p>POINTS OF LAW AND PRACTICE</p>
<p>EDITED BY</p>
<p>
<persName id="t19060402-name-2">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-2" type="surname" value="GRAHAM-CAMPBELL"/>R. F. GRAHAM-CAMPBELL</persName>, ESQUIRE,</p>
<p>OF THE INNER TEMPLE.</p>
<p>[Published by Annual Subscription.]</p>
<p>LONDON:</p>
<p>GEO. WALPOLE, 1, NEW COURT, LINCOLN'S INN, W.C.</p>
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<p>PRINTED BY</p>
<p>THE ARGUS PRINTING COMPANY, LIMITED, CORNER OF TUDOR STREET AND TEMPLE AVENUE, LONDON, E.C.</p>
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<p>THE</p>
<p>WHOLE PROCEEDINGS</p>
<p>On the King's Commission of</p>
<p>OYER AND TERMINER AND GAOL DELIVERY</p>
<p>FOR</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>AND GAOL DELIVERY FOR THE</p>
<p>COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX, AND THE PARTS OF THE COUNTIES OF ESSEX, KENT, AND SURREY WITHIN THE JURISDICTION</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT,</p>
<p>Held on Monday, April 2nd, 1906, and following days.</p>
<p>Before the Right Hon.
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<interp inst="t19060402-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-3" type="surname" value="MORGAN"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-3" type="given" value="WALTER VAUGHAN"/>WALTER VAUGHAN MORGAN</persName>, LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; the Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t19060402-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-4" type="surname" value="LAWRENCE"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-4" type="given" value="ALFRED TRISTRAM"/>ALFRED TRISTRAM LAWRENCE</persName> </hi>, Knight, one of the Justices of His Majesty's High Court; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t19060402-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-5" type="surname" value="ELLIS"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-5" type="given" value="J. WHITTAKER"/>J. WHITTAKER ELLIS</persName> </hi>, Bart., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-6" type="surname" value="REVALS"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-6" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH REVALS</persName> </hi>, Bart., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t19060402-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-7" type="surname" value="NEWTON"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-7" type="given" value="ALFRED JAMES"/>ALFRED JAMES NEWTON</persName> </hi>, Bart., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t19060402-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-8" type="surname" value="BELL"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-8" type="given" value="JOHN CHAS"/>JOHN CHAS. BELL</persName> </hi>, Knight, Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t19060402-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-9" type="surname" value="STRONG"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-9" type="given" value="VESEY"/>T. VESEY STRONG</persName> </hi>, Knight, and Captain
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<interp inst="t19060402-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-10" type="surname" value="SIMMONS"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-10" type="given" value="W. C."/>W.C. SIMMONS</persName> </hi>, Aldermen of the said City; Sir
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<interp inst="t19060402-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-11" type="surname" value="FULTON"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-11" type="given" value="FORREST"/>FORREST FULTON</persName> </hi>, Knight, K.C., Recorder of the said City;
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<interp inst="t19060402-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-12" type="surname" value="BOSANQUET"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-12" type="given" value="FREDERICK ALBERT"/>FREDERICK ALBERT BOSANQUET</persName> </hi>, Esq., K.C., Common Serjeant of the said City; His Honour Judge
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<persName id="t19060402-name-13" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-13" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-13" type="given" value="LUMLEY"/>LUMLEY SMITH</persName> </hi>, K.C., Commissioner, and His Honour Judge
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t19060402-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-14" type="surname" value="RENTOUL"/>RENTOUL</persName> </hi>, K.C., Commissioner, His Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<p>
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<interp inst="t19060402-name-15" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-15" type="surname" value="SMALLMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-15" type="given" value="HENRY GEORGE"/>HENRY GEORGE SMALLMAN</persName> </hi>, Esq., Alderman</p>
<p>
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<interp inst="t19060402-name-16" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-16" type="surname" value="BOWATER"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-16" type="given" value="THOMAS VANSITTART"/>THOMAS VANSITTART BOWATER</persName> </hi>, Esq., J.P.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-17" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-17" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-17" type="surname" value="TICKLE"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-17" type="given" value="JAPHETH"/>JAPHETH TICKLE</persName> </hi>, Esq., C.C.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-18" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-18" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-18" type="surname" value="LANGTON"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-18" type="given" value="JOSEPH DAVID"/>JOSEPH DAVID LANGTON</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
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<p>1906.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MORGAN, MAYOR. SIXTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>; Monday, April 2.</p>
<p>(Before Mr. Recorder.)</p>
<p>
<persName id="t19060402-name-19">
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<interp inst="t19060402-name-19" type="age" value="55"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-19" type="surname" value="CLACK"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-19" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-19" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CLACK</hi>, William (55, labourer)</persName>, pleaded guilty at last Sessions (see p. 5) to feloniously marrying Margaret Sybilla Woodward, his wife being then alive. On stating that he in
<lb/>tended to marry Woodward, his wife being now dead, he was then released on his own recognisances in £100 to appear at the present Sessions. He had now married Woodward. Sentence, one day's imprisonment. Prisoner was accordingly discharged.</p>
<p>
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<interp inst="t19060402-name-20" type="age" value="48"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-20" type="surname" value="RICHARDSON"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-20" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-20" type="occupation" value="rubber worker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARDSON</hi>, William (48, rubber worker)</persName>, pleaded guilty at last Sessions (see p. 11) to feloniously marrying Paulette Mary Boyce, his wife being then alive. Sentence, four weeks' imprisonment. Prisoner was accordingly discharged.</p>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">SCHANDEL</hi>, Otto (27, waiter)</persName>,
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<interp inst="t19060402-3-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> to
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<interp inst="t19060402-3-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/>feloniously having in his possession a chain, the goods of
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<interp inst="t19060402-name-22" type="surname" value="HACKEL"/>
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-3-offence-1 t19060402-name-22"/>Francis Hackel</persName>, which had been stolen outside the United Kingdom, knowing the same to have been stolen.</rs> The police stated he had been discharged by his employers as lazy and impertinent.
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-3-19060402 t19060402-3-punishment-1"/>Six months' hard labour. Certified for expulsion under Aliens Act.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">EYRES</hi>, Robert (39, mail van driver)</persName>
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<interp inst="t19060402-4-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, having charge of a mail van did by (1) wanton (2) and furious driving thereof cause certain bodily harm to
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-4-offence-1 t19060402-name-24"/>Walter John Plowman</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Torr prosecuted.</p>
<p>
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<persName id="t19060402-name-25" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-25" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-25" type="surname" value="PLOWMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-25" type="given" value="WALTER JOHN"/>WALTER JOHN PLOWMAN</persName> </hi>, a fireman in the employ of the Lon
<lb/>don County Council. On Saturday, October 14, about 7.30 a.m., I was up a ladder at the Redcross Street fire station. The ladder was upset, I came to the ground, and was taken to St. Bartholomew's Hospital, where I remained for two months. I am still unable to walk. Prisoner came to see me in the hos
<lb/>pital and expressed regret at the accident.</p>
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<persName id="t19060402-name-26" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-26" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-26" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-26" type="given" value="EDWIN"/>EDWIN COLLINS</persName> </hi>, 448, City Police. I was in Redcross Street about 7.15, and saw prisoner driving two horses in a mail van towards Barbican, from Redcross Street fire station, followed by several firemen and other persons crying,"Stop him!"I caught the horses' heads and pulled them up. I noticed he was drunk. I took him to the station and charged him with being drunk. I was then informed he had knocked a fireman off the escape by colliding with it. He was kept in the cells till Monday, when I charged him with being drunk and driving a horse and van to the common danger of passengers, and with causing grievous bodily harm to Plowman.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-27" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-27" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-27" type="surname" value="BOWYER"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-27" type="given" value="WILLIAM THOMAS"/>WILLIAM THOMAS BOWYER</persName> </hi>, a fireman in the employ of the L.C.C., living at 22, Mount Ash Road, Sydenham Hill. On October 14 I was cleaning windows at the Redcross Street fire station. The path is about 8 or 10 ft. wide. The ladder was upto the first floor window, and the foot was on the kerb. It was between 17 and 18 ft. high. I was standing at the bottom of the escape, in the road. The mail van hit the levers of the escape with the off-side fore-wheel and turned it into the road. It was coming up full gallop, and was being driven by the prisoner. There was no other traffic in the road, and there was plenty of room to get by if he had been sober. He appeared to be very drunk.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by prisoner. The escape projected about 13 ft. into the road altogether. The road is about 38 ft. wide.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-28" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-28" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-28" type="surname" value="COTTLE"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-28" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE COTTLE</persName> </hi>, fireman, 106, Kerr Road, Winnis Terrace, Walthamstow, was on the first floor of fire station on October 14, cleaning the inside of the window, while Plowman was cleaning the outside. I heard a shout, and looking out saw a pair-horse mail van, coming at a rattling rate, strike the levers of escape. The escape swung round to the right and Plowman dropped on the ground. I called out of the window for someone to stop the mail van, but prisoner continued to drive at a gallop. I afterwards saw him being brought back between two constables. He appeared to be very drunk indeed. Plowman was on the top rung of the escape for the purpose of cleaning the window on the outside when he was pitched over. There was plenty of room for prisoner to get by if he had been sober. Three pair-horse vans could go along there easily, I think. The levers of the escape projected from the kerb about 13 ft. into the road
<lb/>way. The width of road is 28 ft. from kerb to kerb. That Would leave 15 ft. I do not know width of the van. The horses were galloping.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-29" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-29" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-29" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-29" type="given" value="EDWIN"/>EDWIN COLLINS</persName> </hi>, recalled by the Court. I stopped the van. The horses did not seem particularly distressed. When I stopped prisoner they were going between seven and eight miles an hour. The van is about 14 ft. long and 8 ft. wide. I stopped him about 150 or 200 yards from the place where the accident</p>
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<p>happened. He assisted to pull the horses up as soon as I got hold of their heads. He was originally charged with being drunk when. in charge of a horse and van, and it was only when we heard of the seriousness of the injury that it was altered to the present charge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-30" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-30" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-30" type="surname" value="BOTT"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-30" type="given" value="ROBERT HENRY"/>ROBERT HENRY BOTT</persName> </hi>, L.R.C.S., L.R.C.P., house-surgeon at St. Bartholomew's, admitted Plowman on October 14, about 7.30. He was in hospital about two months, and then went for three weeks to a convalescent home. He was suffering from shock, and had a history of a bad fall. One bone of hit left forearm was broken, and he was suffering from severe injury to the lower part of his spine. In hospital he developed inability to move his legs, probably from spinal injury. His arm has now recovered, but not his legs, and I am afraid it will be a very long time before they do so. His right leg has improved to some extent, but he has no power to move the left leg at all. I consider the prognosis unfavourable. I think his left leg may recover, but I do not think he will ever be able to discharge the duties of a fireman again.</p>
<p>Prisoner's statement before the magistrate. The only thing I can say is I strongly deny that the horses were galloping.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PRISONER</hi> (not on oath). I had been working 82 hours out of 119. It was a bitterly cold night. I had been at work from 6.30 the previous evening and should be finished at 10. I used to run 16 hours. From the time I left home till I got back again was about 18 hours. That gave me 6 hours at home out of the 24. Every day through the week was alike. It was a pure accident. I turned the corner, and suddenly observed the escape. I did my best, and pulled my horses off to the near side of the road. They had been out 12 1/2 hours continually trotting about. They were not going at full gallop. I have had fourteen days' imprisonment already, and been out of work ever since.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-31" type="witnessName">
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<interp inst="t19060402-name-31" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-31" type="given" value="EDWIN"/>EDWIN COLLINS</persName> </hi>, recalled by the Court. The corner is rather sharp. He could not have seen the escape till he got to the corner. When I saw him at 4.30 p.m. he was sober, and knew what he had done, and seemed very sorry indeed. The horses were not galloping when I saw them. The van was empty.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t19060402-name-32" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-32" type="surname" value="SIBLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-32" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT SIBLEY</persName> </hi>, sub-officer at Redcross Street. (To the Jury.) In every case where an escape is in front of a building a man stands at the foot. In this case Bowyer did so, standing in the road. From the corner of the turning to where the escape stood in the middle of the road was, roughly speaking, 15 or 20 yards. It is a sharpish turn, but not very sharp; you can see a man coming round the corner if you are in the middle of the road.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PRISONER</hi>, in answer to the Jury. The horses had done about 38 miles. I drove through the Borough Market about 20 minutes before the accident happened, and it was market morn
<lb/>ing,</p>
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<p>and I did not have an accident. I also came over London Bridge and through King William Street, where they were busy with the Billingsgate Market, and had no collision.</p>
<p>Verdict,
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-5-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-5-19060402 t19060402-5-offence-2 t19060402-5-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-5-19060402" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-5-19060402" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19060402" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19060402" type="surname" value="COOPER"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19060402" type="given" value="HUGH"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19060402" type="occupation" value="accountant"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COOPER</hi>, Hugh (33, accountant)</persName>,
<rs id="t19060402-5-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-5-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-5-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> to
<rs id="t19060402-5-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-5-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-5-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>obtaining by false pretences, from
<persName id="t19060402-name-34" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-34" type="surname" value="LANE"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-34" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-5-offence-1 t19060402-name-34"/>Joseph Lane</persName>, the sum of 5s., and from
<persName id="t19060402-name-35" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-35" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-35" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-5-offence-1 t19060402-name-35"/>Alfred Brown</persName> 2s. 6d., in each case with intent to defraud;</rs>
<rs id="t19060402-5-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-5-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-5-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>also to attempting to obtain from
<persName id="t19060402-name-36" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-36" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-36" type="surname" value="BRAMLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-36" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-5-offence-2 t19060402-name-36"/>Benjamin Bramley</persName> the sum of 5s., with intent to defraud;</rs> also to a previous conviction for obtain
<lb/>ing money by false pretences on February 23, 1904. Other con
<lb/>victions proved; police stated that prisoner's family were not in good circumstances, but were not absolutely starving, as stated by prisoner.
<rs id="t19060402-5-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-5-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-5-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-5-19060402 t19060402-5-punishment-2"/>Six months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060402-6">
<interp inst="t19060402-6" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060402"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-6" type="date" value="19060402"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-6-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-6-19060402 t19060402-6-offence-1 t19060402-6-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-6-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-6-19060402 t19060402-6-offence-2 t19060402-6-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-6-19060402" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-6-19060402" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19060402" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19060402" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19060402" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19060402" type="occupation" value="cabinet-maker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAMS</hi>, George (28, cabinet-maker)</persName>,
<rs id="t19060402-6-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-6-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-6-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> to
<rs id="t19060402-6-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-6-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-6-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>breaking and entering the shop of
<persName id="t19060402-name-38" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-38" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-38" type="surname" value="HARDY"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-38" type="given" value="THOMAS ARTHUR"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-6-offence-1 t19060402-name-38"/>Thomas Arthur Hardy</persName> and stealing therein five watches and other articles, and feloniously receiving same;</rs>
<rs id="t19060402-6-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-6-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-6-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>also to burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t19060402-name-39" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-39" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-39" type="surname" value="SASS"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-39" type="given" value="FREDERICK JOSEPH WILFRID"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-6-offence-2 t19060402-name-39"/>Frederick Joseph Wilfrid Sass</persName> and stealing therein 11 spoons and other articles, and feloniously receiving same;</rs> also to a previous conviction for felony on June 17, 1903 under another name. A further conviction on November 17, 1902, was proved. Police stated prisoner did no work, and had violently assaulted the officer who arrested him.
<rs id="t19060402-6-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-6-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-6-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-6-19060402 t19060402-6-punishment-3"/>18 months' hard labour. Certi
<lb/>fied for expulsion under Aliens Act.</rs> </p>
<p>Sergeant Albach (51. X Division), the officer assaulted, was commended by the Grand Jury. The Recorder, on being in
<lb/>formed of this, said: He showed great forbearance, because he was savagely assaulted by prisoner. He might have used his truncheon sooner. He certainly seems to have behaved well.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060402-7">
<interp inst="t19060402-7" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060402"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-7" type="date" value="19060402"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-7-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-7-19060402 t19060402-7-offence-1 t19060402-7-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-7-19060402" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-7-19060402" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19060402" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19060402" type="surname" value="WINKWORTH"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19060402" type="given" value="WILLIAM THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-19060402" type="occupation" value="postman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WINKWORTH</hi>, William Thomas (18, postman)</persName>,
<rs id="t19060402-7-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-7-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-7-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> to
<rs id="t19060402-7-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-7-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-7-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>feloniously forging an endorsement on a warrant and order for the payment of £6 14s., with intent to defraud, and to uttering the said forged order.</rs> The indictment further charged prisoner with stealing the letter containing the order, he being employed under the Post Office, to which he pleaded not guilty. The latter indictment was not proceeded with.
<rs id="t19060402-7-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-7-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-7-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-7-19060402 t19060402-7-punishment-4"/>Six months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060402-8">
<interp inst="t19060402-8" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060402"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-8" type="date" value="19060402"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-8-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-8-19060402 t19060402-8-offence-1 t19060402-8-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-8-19060402" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-8-19060402" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19060402" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19060402" type="surname" value="SNOW"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19060402" type="given" value="JOHN SYDNEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-19060402" type="occupation" value="postman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SNOW</hi>, John Sydney (27, postman)</persName>,
<rs id="t19060402-8-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-8-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-8-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> to
<rs id="t19060402-8-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-8-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-8-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>feloniously obtaining the sum of £1 6s. 11d. by virtue of a forged docket of Customs and postal charges leviable upon the delivery of a certain postal packet.</rs> The police stated there had been a great number of complaints since prisoners arrest of in
<lb/>creased charges on parcels obtained by him. Prisoner had fought in South Africa, and was in receipt of a pension of 6d. a day. His wages were 13s. 3d. per week.
<rs id="t19060402-8-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-8-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-8-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-8-19060402 t19060402-8-punishment-5"/>Six months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060402-9">
<interp inst="t19060402-9" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060402"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-9" type="date" value="19060402"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-9-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-19060402 t19060402-9-offence-1 t19060402-9-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020009"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-9-19060402" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-9-19060402" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19060402" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19060402" type="surname" value="HUGHES"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19060402" type="given" value="REGINALD ARTHUR JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-19060402" type="occupation" value="postman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HUGHES</hi>, Reginald Arthur John (19, postman)</persName>,
<rs id="t19060402-9-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-9-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-9-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> to
<rs id="t19060402-9-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-9-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-9-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>stealing a post letter containing a postal order for 6s., a post letter containing a postal order for 2s. and five postage stamps, and a post letter containing a postal order for 18s. 6d., the goods of the
<persName id="t19060402-name-43" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-43" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-9-offence-1 t19060402-name-43"/>Postmaster-General</persName>, he being employed under the Post Office.</rs> Witnesses to good character were called for the defence.
<rs id="t19060402-9-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-9-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-9-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-19060402 t19060402-9-punishment-6"/>Six months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060402-10">
<interp inst="t19060402-10" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060402"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-10" type="date" value="19060402"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-10-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-19060402 t19060402-10-offence-1 t19060402-10-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-10-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-19060402 t19060402-10-offence-2 t19060402-10-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-10-19060402" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-10-19060402" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19060402" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19060402" type="surname" value="HALSEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19060402" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19060402" type="occupation" value="joiner"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HALSEY</hi>, Albert (18, joiner)</persName>,
<rs id="t19060402-10-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-10-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-10-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> to
<rs id="t19060402-10-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-10-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-10-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>feloniously endeavouring to obtain the sum of 10s., the property of the
<persName id="t19060402-name-45" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-45" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-10-offence-1 t19060402-name-45"/>Postmaster-General</persName>, by virtue of a certain forged and altered instrument, to wit, a Post Office Savings Bank book, knowing the same to be forged and altered, and with intent to defraud;</rs>
<rs id="t19060402-10-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-10-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-10-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>also to feloniously demanding and obtaining the sum of £1, the property of the Postmaster-General, by virtue of a certain other forged and altered instrument, that is, a deposit book of the Post Office Savings Bank; also to a similar indictment in the sum of 7s.;</rs> and to a previous conviction for felony on July 6, 1905, at the North London Court of Summary Jurisdiction. The indictment further charged prisoner with obtaining 8s. upon a forged and altered deposit book, to which he pleaded not guilty. This was not proceeded with. The police gave prisoner a bad character. The previous conviction was for stealing 10s. 6d. from an automatic gas meter in his mother's house.
<rs id="t19060402-10-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-10-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-10-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-19060402 t19060402-10-punishment-7"/>Nine months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060402-11">
<interp inst="t19060402-11" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060402"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-11" type="date" value="19060402"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-11-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-19060402 t19060402-11-offence-1 t19060402-11-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-11-19060402" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-11-19060402" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19060402" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19060402" type="surname" value="DOWNES"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19060402" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-19060402" type="occupation" value="carman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DOWNES</hi>, John (22, carman)</persName>,
<rs id="t19060402-11-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-11-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-11-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> to
<rs id="t19060402-11-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-11-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-11-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>being found, within seven years after sentence passed upon him in respect of a certain crime, on the premises of the
<persName id="t19060402-name-47" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-47" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-11-offence-1 t19060402-name-47"/>Metropolitan Bonded Vaults and Tea Warehouses, Limited</persName>, under such circumstances as to show that he was about to commit an offence punishable upon indictment. (Prevention of Crimes Act, 1871, Section 7.)</rs> Previous convictions for felony were proved.
<rs id="t19060402-11-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-11-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-11-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-19060402 t19060402-11-punishment-8"/>Twelve months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060402-12">
<interp inst="t19060402-12" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060402"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-12" type="date" value="19060402"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-12-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-19060402 t19060402-12-offence-1 t19060402-12-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-12-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-19060402 t19060402-12-offence-2 t19060402-12-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-12-19060402" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-12-19060402" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19060402" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19060402" type="surname" value="JARMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19060402" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19060402" type="occupation" value="agent"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JARMAN</hi>, William (31, agent)</persName>
<rs id="t19060402-12-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-12-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-12-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t19060402-name-49" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-49" type="surname" value="HARVEY"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-49" type="given" value="ROBERT SAMUEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-12-offence-1 t19060402-name-49"/>Robert Samuel Harvey</persName> the sum of 10s. 6d., from
<persName id="t19060402-name-50" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-50" type="surname" value="HARVEY"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-50" type="given" value="JOHN HENRY COWLEY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-12-offence-1 t19060402-name-50"/>John Henry Cowley Harvey</persName> 15s., from
<persName id="t19060402-name-51" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-51" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-51" type="surname" value="JAGLE"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-51" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-12-offence-1 t19060402-name-51"/>Charles Jagle</persName> 10s. and 10s., from
<persName id="t19060402-name-52" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-52" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-52" type="surname" value="ABEB"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-52" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-12-offence-1 t19060402-name-52"/>Mary Abeb</persName> and
<persName id="t19060402-name-53" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-53" type="surname" value="ABEB"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-53" type="given" value="ZACHARIAH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-12-offence-1 t19060402-name-53"/>Zachariah Abeb</persName> 2s. 6d., from
<persName id="t19060402-name-54" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-54" type="surname" value="LEGG"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-54" type="given" value="WILLIAM RICHARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-12-offence-1 t19060402-name-54"/>William Richard Legg</persName> 5s., and from
<persName id="t19060402-name-55" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-55" type="surname" value="CROOKSHANKS"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-55" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-12-offence-1 t19060402-name-55"/>John Crookshanks</persName> an order for pay
<lb/>ment of £2 5s., in each case with intent to defraud.</rs>
<rs id="t19060402-12-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-12-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-12-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>Forging and uttering certain receipts for the payment of 10s. 6d., 15s., £1,2s. 6d., 5s., and £2 5s., in each case with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Rooth prosecuted; Mr. Harold S. Morris defended.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-56" type="surname" value="HARVEY"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-56" type="given" value="ROBERT SAMUEL"/>ROBERT SAMUEL HARVEY</persName> </hi>, oilman, 284, Battersea Park Road. Prisoner called on me on December 8 last. I had formerly been insured with the Castle Insurance Company, and I had known him previously as an agent acting for them. He said he had taken an agency up for the Sun Office, and he thought it would be better for me to transfer to that from the Castle.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020010"/>
<p>I said, "Yes, I am agreeable." I paid him 10s. 6d., and he gave me a receipt. It was supposed to be the premium due to the Sun. The document handed to me is the receipt which he gave me. It is signed,"Sun Fire Insurance Company, Limited; William Jarman." It is a printed form taken out of a book. He produced the book. He told me he was agent of the Sun Fire Office, and that is why I parted with my money. He said the Sun policy would be forwarded in a few days. That is the usual practice. I did not receive a policy, and in about a fort
<lb/>night my brother communicated with the company. I never re
<lb/>ceived a policy and I have not seen the prisoner since, except in the police court.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner introduced me to the Castle Com
<lb/>pany in Christmas, 1904. That was my first acquaintance with him. I paid him 10s. 6d. and got a policy. I know now that the Castle has gone into liquidation. It did so about the third week in December. It is a gradual process, the ultimate result took place then. It was going into liquidation about the time he came. I had dealt with the prisoner, and took his advice to transfer into the Sun. It was nothing unusual to pay cash in advance. The receipt is an ordinary form torn out of a receipt book. Except the writing, there is no word about the Sun on it. He wrote his address on the back in pencil, so that I could have it to refer to him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-57" type="surname" value="HARVEY"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-57" type="given" value="JOHN HENRY COWLEY"/>JOHN HENRY COWLEY HARVEY</persName> </hi>, 70, Bridge Road, Battersea, oil and colour warehouseman. Prisoner called on me on December 10. He was the agent through whom I had insured with the Castle. He said, "I have been appointed agent by the Sun. Office, and you would probably like to exchange from the Castle, as you would be more secure." I said, "Certainly, but they charge more premium than the Castle. I had been paying 15s., and the Sun's fee is a guinea per cent." Prisoner said, "The Sun has arranged to take my clients over at the rate they were pay
<lb/>ing in the Castle Company." I gave him my Castle policy for him to have copied, with the sum of 15s. per cent. The policy was on the furniture of the premises above the shop. I handed him 15s., and he gave me this receipt,"Sun Fire Insurance Company, Limited; W. Jarman, agent." I believed he was the agent for, and that I was insuring with, the Sun Fire Office. I had heard of it as a very old-established society, and was pleased to shift from the one to the other at that fee. He asked me when we should be giving our Christmas almanacs away. I said."Christmas week." He said he would bring the policy then, so that he could have one of our almanacs. I did not receive the policy, and he did not call My brother com
<lb/>municated with me, and I communicated with the Sun Office by letter.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I gave evidence at the police court. I said there that the prisoner told me he had taken an agency. Now I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020011"/>
<p>say he said he had been appointed agent. I do not see much difference in the two. It might be one or the other; I cannot exactly remember. I had insured with the Castle, and paid cash and got my policy. The premium was almost due. Instead of paying another premium to the Castle I was going to pay a pre
<lb/>mium to the Sun. I did not mention the conversation about the guinea and the fifteen shillings per cent., because I did not think of it. No one has reminded me. It struck me one night in bed, thinking over the case. I would not necessarily have remembered it at the police court. It is a well-known thing in our trade that the Sun charge a guinea per cent. I have known that is their fee for many years. Most of the big offices charge a guinea per cent, in our particular trade, it being a dangerous, trade. I know now that the Castle has gone into liquidation, but I did not know it till January. I should have been pleased to have had the change, finding out in January that it had gone into liquidation.</p>
<p>Re-examined. In point of fact, he made that statement to me, and I did not remember it at the police court.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-58" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-58" type="surname" value="JAGLE"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-58" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES JAGLE</persName> </hi>, manufacturer's agent, 61, Berwick Street. I had known prisoner about a year as agent for the Castle, when he called on me on January 12 last. He told me that my in
<lb/>surance policy having expired, he was anxious to re-insure me with the Sun and General Accident, the Castle having been wound up. He said he was' agent to the Sun. I agreed to do that, and handed him 10s. deposit on each, as he asked. One policy was for fire and the other for burglary. He handed me this engraved receipt for both sums: "Received from Mr. Jagle the sum of £1, being deposit on fire and burglary insurance. Sun Fire Office and General Accident Company; William Jar
<lb/>man, agent." I believed him to be the agent of the companies. He made an appointment for the following Wednesday with regard to the policies, and as he did not turn up I wrote to the two companies. He said he would send the policies. I never received anything at all. I wrote to him at his address and received no reply. I then put myself in communication with both those companies, and they gave me some information.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner insured me with the Castle the year before. My policy would have expired on June 15 this year. The company wound up in December, and I knew that policy had come to an end and wanted to re-insure. I thought, it a good opportunity when I saw him. I was quite willing to trust him on business. It was a. cash transaction, the same as the rest. I paid him by cheque first payable to the Sun, and then he asked me to make up a cheque for the whole amount, payable to himself, so I gave him a sovereign.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-59" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-59" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-59" type="surname" value="CROOKSHANKS"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-59" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN CROOKSHANKS</persName> </hi>, 8, Aldgate Avenue, E.C., horseshoe-pad manufacturer. I had insured in the Castle through prisoner. He called on me on January 29, and said he had changed over to the Sun, as the Castle had gone into liquidation. He asked</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020012"/>
<p>me to insure with the Sun, and said he could put me through with them at the same premium. I paid him £2 5s., giving him a cheque payable to William Jarman, agent of the Sun Fire Insurance Company. He gave me this receipt: "Received the sum of £2 5s., being the annual premium of insurance, as per policy and specification
<hi rend="italic">re</hi> Castle General Insurance, Limited. Sun Fire office; W. Jarman, agent" I understood from that that I was insuring with the Sun Fire office on the same terms as with the Castle and for the same amount, and that he was agent for the Sun Fire Office. He said the policy would come on the following Friday. That would be February 2. It did not come. I went to the Sun Fire office and they made a com
<lb/>munication to me, in consequence of which I went to my bankers and stopped the cheque.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I had paid two premiums to the Castle. I cannot say whether he introduced my firm to the Castle. It was not I who paid him the first time. He had called previously, and I had seen him there; and he introduced himself on January 29 as the person who had been agent for the Castle. I knew my firm had been insured in the Castle and had paid two premiums to the prisoner. I was to be insured in another com
<lb/>pany on precisely the same terms, and, of course, would have to pay the premium before the agent paid it over. I expected that, and paid him a cheque for £2 5s.</p>
<p>Mrs.
<hi rend="smallCaps">LETITIA NIGHTINGALE</hi>, Market House, St. Philip Street, Battersea, wife of Arthur Nightingale, grocer. I have known prisoner since March, 1905. He called on me on January 29 last, ordered some goods from me, amounting to 1s. 2 1/2 d., and handed me a cheque for £2 5s. This is the cheque. I told him I did not care about cashing cheques. He said, "Oh, you have cashed them for me before and have found them quite right. The people I deal with prefer to write out cheques rather than to pay in hard cash." I gave him 5s. on account, and told him I would speak to Mr. Nightingale about it. I retained the cheque, and told prisoner to return the following day for the balance.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. He did not say anything about not having a banking account. I knew that. I had cashed two cheques for him before, and he had bought goods at my shop before.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-60" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-60" type="surname" value="NIGHTINGALE"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-60" type="given" value="ARTHUR WILLIAM"/>ARTHUR WILLIAM NIGHTINGALE</persName> </hi>, husband of the last witness, living at the same address. She made a communication to me on January 29 last and showed me this cheque. Prisoner called the following morning and I gave him £2, the balance of the value of the cheque. He had paid for the 1s. 2 1/2 d. worth of goods. I passed the cheque on to my baker for money I owed him. About three days afterwards he made a statement to me, and said, "We cannot have that." In consequence of that statement I paid him the value of the cheque. It was returned to me because payment was stopped. I paid the baker myself.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020013"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-61" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-61" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-61" type="surname" value="ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-61" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS ALLEN</persName> </hi>, cashier to the British Linen Company Bank, Threadneedle Street. G. R. Crookshanks and Sons are cus
<lb/>tomers of ours. On February 6 a communication was made to the bank by Mr. Crookshanks, in consequence of which we stopped the cheque. The cheque was presented for payment at our bank.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-62" type="surname" value="WELSH"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-62" type="given" value="ROBERT ELLIS"/>ROBERT ELLIS WELSH</persName> </hi>, agency superintendent of the Sun Insur
<lb/>ance office. I do not know the prisoner personally. An appli
<lb/>cation was sent in by him on March 7, 1904, to become our agent. It was sent to the Charing Cross branch, and was forwarded to the head office and declined by them. We in
<lb/>structed our Charing Cross branch on April 2 to decline it, which they did. He did not apply again at our branch. He is not, and never has been, an agent of the Sun Fire office. All appointments of agents for the company in the United Kingdom pass through my hands. The receipts handed to me are not the receipts of the Sun Fire office; I do not recognise them at all. I see in some instances they are signed,"Sun Fire Insur
<lb/>ance Company, Limited; William Jarman, agent." The prisoner had not authority from us to issue such a receipt. He has never accounted to us for the sums of 10s. 6d., 15s., 10s., and £2 5s., or any of them. He has not communicated the fact that he received those moneys to us at the head office.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. There are not two Sun Insurance Com
<lb/>panies; only one. The Sun Life Assurance Society is a distinct company. It has the same directors, but the management it quite distinct. You may call them sisters. If a man applies for an agency for the Fire they ask him if he desires an agency for the Life as well, but not vice versa; they do not reciprocate in any way. They add the Life to the Fire but not the Fire to the Life. The Sun Fire is 100 years older than the Life. It would not be necessary to send in two application forms for Fire and for Life. If one comes to us and says he wishes to act for the Sun Life also we complete as far as we are concerned, and then hand it to the Sun. Life. If the Sun Life accepted an agent it does not follow necessarily that the Sun Fire would accept him. We act quite independently, on our own judgment. The Sun Life is a good criterion. The public would not be warranted in regarding the two companies as one and the same thing. We are under quite distinct management, but we help each other. I believe prisoner applied to be made an agent of both, and that he gave the tame references to both. I believe the references which he pave to the Life were with respect to a proposal on his own life and not with respect to an agency. Whether they were the same refer
<lb/>ences as to us I do not know. Prisoner was accepted as an agent by the Life upon those references. He was appointed agent for the Sun Life. One of the references he gave to the Sun Fire did not reply, but that is a matter for my colleague</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020014"/>
<p>on the Charing Cross branch; it did not come before us. We issue printed receipts to our agents with "Sun Fire" printed upon them. The receipts handed to me do not resemble thorn in the least. Beyond the writing on them, there is nothing to suggest they are receipts of the Sun Fire.</p>
<p>By the Court. Assuming we recognised a receipt not upon our own stamped paper, that would be a perfectly valid receipt. Anyone looking at it would suppose the person was signing for the Sun Fire as agent, The receipts were apparently bought at some stationer's, and would apply to anything.</p>
<p>By Mr. Morris. It is very often the case that when a man applies for an agency he has a number of clients to bring to our office. Our agents take cash on our account. They have authority to receive the money. A duly-appointed cash agent would be at liberty to get a proposal on our behalf. We would write and tell him what the premium was and he would be authorised to receive it, and at once, the same day, send it on to us. We have only one kind of agent. We have no agent who has no authority to receive money. We should receive the money from any quarter which tendered to us. If a person entered our office and put a sovereign down, and said, "I am handing over this for the insurance of a shop in Blackfriars," we should send and survey it. We might hold it insured straight away. It would depend upon the risk. With such a risk as an oilshop we should like to survey it. If it was a person who was not one of our agents we should like to see it. It might be an excep
<lb/>tional risk. Application was made in March, 1904, in the name of Willis and Co., and prisoner was one of two partners. A per
<lb/>sonal application was not made on his behalf. The other appli
<lb/>cation since made in November, 1905, was a personal one.</p>
<p>Re-examined. The duty of a cash agent receiving money on behalf of the company would be to immediately forward it to the company. He would not be entitled to receive a sum of money upon December 8, and not account for it as late as February 14. I refer to a properly-appointed agent.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-63" type="surname" value="GORE"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-63" type="given" value="EDWARD JOHN"/>EDWARD JOHN GORE</persName> </hi>, agent-inspector for the Sun Insurance Office at 60, Charing Cross. Prisoner applied to become an agent for the Sun Fire on November 18 last. He supplied references, to whom I wrote. One, Mr. Cochrane, gave no reply, and in consequence I called upon prisoner on December 19 and told him so. He replied,"I will go and see Mr. Cochrane myself and get him to send you an answer." Mr. Cochrane never replied, and prisoner was not made our agent. We wrote to him on January 2, asking him to expedite matters. I did not see him again, except at the police court. He has never accounted for the sums of money received on behalf of the Sun Fire Office. I produce his original application. I did not know he was acting for my company as agent. I did not give him any authority to do so.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020015"/>
<p>Cross-examined. The application came to me by post. When I saw prisoner on December 19 he told me he had twelve cases in hand, and I think he told me he did not act for any other fire office. I do not know whether he said he had three in hand on his application form. It is not unusual for a man applying for an agency to say he has business in hand. I can
<lb/>not say whether he Bent in an application to the Life office. I knew he was an agent for the Life. I believe the Life office do not take references as we take them. They deal with things quite differently to ourselves.</p>
<p>By the Court. My duties are exclusively confined to the Fire, and to the Charing Cross branch. I would not necessarily know of applications made to the Life office unless there was a similar application to the Fire office. I do not think he actually applied in writing to the Life office. I believe the manner in which his name came before the Life office was that he, men
<lb/>tioned on the form that he had some Life cases in hand. On that I told the Life office that prisoner had same Life cases in hand, and I believe that they took his name and address, and that they conducted the case with him as far as they were con
<lb/>cerned; but I cannot answer for what they did.</p>
<p>By Mr. Morris. The Fire and the Life offices are closely con
<lb/>nected. Prisoner said he had three cases, 5s. a month. That meant Life. I would certainly pass on his name and address to the Life. As a matter of fact, he was made an accredited agent of the Life Insurance Company. The only hitch so far as Fire was concerned was that Mr. Cochrane did not answer. The other reference proved satisfactory. We wrote to Mr. Cochrane once. I believe the Bun Life did not write to him. I do not suggest they would not inquire into the reference they were given, but if a man gives the Fire, office a reference which is quite satisfactory and gives the same name for the Life office, the Life office would probably accept that reference. I did not write to the Life office and say the reference was not satisfac
<lb/>tory. I do not know whether they dealt with this. They deal with things so differently.</p>
<p>By the Court. They might have been satisfied with one reference. They knew we had received one satisfactory reference, and on that they may have acted.</p>
<p>Re-examined. The statement of applicants for an agency that they have cases in hand is possibly with the object of induc
<lb/>ing the office to take them; it certainly has that effect.</p>
<p>(Tuesday, April 3.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-64" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-64" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-64" type="surname" value="ABEB"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-64" type="given" value="MARY"/>MARY ABEB</persName> </hi>, wife of Zachariah Abeb, cigarette manufacturer, 13, Little Newport Street, Charing Cross Road. I remember prisoner coming to see me on February 9 last. I had previously been insured with the Castle against fire. He told me that the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020016"/>
<p>Castle Company had fallen through and that the Phoenix was going t take over all the policies of the Castle Company. I paid 2s. 6d. deposit on a sum of 5s., and he gave me the receipt produced: "Phoenix Fire Office, W. Jarman, agent." He told me that he represented the Phoenix and that they paid him a weekly salary. Having been previously "done" by an agent, I was suspicious, and asked him if he had any papers to prove that he was employed by the Phoenix. He said he had not as he was on a weekly salary and not employed as a regular agent. He promised that the policy should be forwarded within a week. I did not receive the policy, and the next I heard of prisoner was that he was in custody.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner said he had been sent on to me by Beauregard, a tailor who formerly lived in the same house and was also insured in the Castle office. I think I spoke about the prisoner having spoken about having a salary at the police court, though it is not on the depositions.</p>
<p>Re-examined. I can neither read nor write, and did not pay much attention when the depositions were read over.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-65" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-65" type="surname" value="LEGG"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-65" type="given" value="WILLIAM RICHARD"/>WILLIAM RICHARD LEGG</persName> </hi>, oil and colourman, 36, Queen's Road, Battersea. I have known prisoner for about four years, and for an indefinite period as agent for the Castle. He called on me on some Friday prior to February 12, and told me he was making arrangements with the Phoenix to take over the policies of the Castle as they stood without further survey. I told him I was in negotiation with another company, and if he would look in on Monday I would settle one way or the other. Though he did not say so in so many words, he led me to believe he was acting for the Phoenix. On February 12 he called again, and I paid him 5s. deposit and he gave me the receipt (pro
<lb/>duced), signed "Phoenix Fire Office, W. Jarman, agent." He told me I should receive the policy in about 10 days. As I did not receive it I went to the Phoenix office.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I was insured in the Castle for £100, and the percentage I paid was 12s. or 12s. 6d. Prisoner said the Phoenix was to take the policy over as it stood. I paid the 5s. on account to give me protection until I got the policy, which I believe is the usual practice.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-66" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-66" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-66" type="surname" value="LAKE"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-66" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES LAKE</persName> </hi>, assistant agency inspector, Phoenix Insurance Company. Prisoner has never been an agent of the company, nor a salaried servant, nor in its service at all. We have regular printed receipts which alone we recognise. He never communicated that he had received sums of 2s. 6d. and 5s. on behalf of the office.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The Phoenix has 13 branches, and there is an agency inspector at each branch. I am inspector at the head office, Lombard Street. If application were made at one of the branch offices for appointment, as inspector the matter would come through my hands. The Phoenix and the Sun</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020017"/>
<p>charge pretty much the same premiums. The ordinary fire in
<lb/>surance on bricks and mortar is 1s. 6d. per cent., and on furni
<lb/>ture and things in the house 2s. The percentage on an oil and colour shop varies. The minimum would be about 10s. and the usual about a guinea. Those oil shops that keep oil are charged one guinea per cent., but you come across a good many that do not keep oil; therefore their rate is much less in proportion. A guinea is not the highest; the rate goes up to 42s., according to risk. Agents are paid only by commission. If you came in with a sovereign to pay a premium for a friend you could not get commission unless we had appointed you.</p>
<p>To the Court. Before an agent can be appointed the appoint
<lb/>ment has to be sanctioned by the central office.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-67" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-67" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-67" type="surname" value="WHITFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-67" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT WHITFIELD</persName> </hi>, detective, V Division. A warrant for the apprehension of prisoner was placed in my hands on Feb
<lb/>ruary 14. I arrested him in Queen's Road, and told him the charge. He said: "I did not know it was fraud. I have had very bad luck, being out of employment. If it if fraud I sup
<lb/>pose I have more against me."</p>
<p>Cross-examined. On searching prisoner I found on him an application form for an agency, together with some premium forms.</p>
<p>Re-examined. He had not a farthing in money.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-68" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-68" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-68" type="surname" value="LAKE"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-68" type="given" value="JAMS"/>JAMS LAKE</persName> </hi>, recalled. (To the Recorder.) Proposal forms would be handed to a person not an agent.</p>
<p>To Mr. Morris. Proposal forms are handed over the counter on application, but we should not supply proposal forma to an applicant for an agency before the application was completed.</p>
<p>To the Recorder. If you made application for an agency form and at the same time said you would like two or three pro
<lb/>posal forms as well, they would be given to you on the under
<lb/>standing that you were going to be an agent.</p>
<p>(Evidence for the defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-69" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-69" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-69" type="surname" value="JARMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-69" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM JARMAN</persName> </hi>. (Prisoner on oath.) I have been in the insurance business for eight years, and acted as agent for the Castle Company for three years, the period of its existence. The company went into compulsory liquidation last December. The advantage the Castle had over other companies was that the rate was lower, it being a non-tariff office, working indepen
<lb/>dently of the Tariff Association, which is a ring of companies in agreement to keep up rates. It quoted deliberately under the tariff. I had about 300 policyholders in the Castle, who, of course, all lost their money. In September or October, 1906, I met an inspector of the Sun, who gave me an application form for the Sun agency, and I gave as references Mr. Grover and Mr. Cox. The life department of the Sun took up my refer
<lb/>ences and I received a letter of appointment, but not the fire</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020018"/>
<p>department. On the Castle going into liquidation I wanted to renew the policies of my holders, and I went to these various people, the Harveys, Mr. Jagle, etc. I was not then agent for the fire department, but expected to be. On December 19, Mr. Gore called upon me and told me Mr. Cochrane had not answered, but Mr. Cochrane told me he had already replied, and took this as a duplicate application. I afterwards obtained an agency application form from; the Phoenix and I took the amounts mentioned from Mrs. Abeb and Mr. Legg. If I had taken those sums direct to the office straight away they would not have paid me commission. I told Mr. Gore I had already some cases in hand, and showed him the policies of the Old Castle Company, but I kept the money because I had not been appointed agent and if I handed it over I should lose my com
<lb/>mission. When I told Mr. Gore I had collected money he told me it would be necessary to have fresh proposal forms and for the risks to be resurveyed.</p>
<p>To the Recorder. Though I had no money in my possession when I was taken into custody it is at hand, and I am prepared to refund all these sums. I was keeping the money back in order to obtain the commission when I was appointed. I signed as agent because I was not receiving the money for myself.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I resigned voluntarily from the Castle be
<lb/>fore they went into liquidation and joined the Monarch Assur
<lb/>ance Company from whom I received £2 a week, commission and over-riding commission. I was not in their employment at the time I was arrested, having received a week's notice, expir
<lb/>ing December 23. The procedure in all tariff companies is that the agent, after survey, makes application for the commission. As to the whereabouts of the money, I can only repeat that it is at hand; it is not in my pocket. I have no banking account and no money in the Post Office, but these people will not lose their money because, as I have already said, I am perfectly willing to refund the premiums.</p>
<p>To the Recorder. Insurance companies allow properly appointed agents to give receipts of their own to their clients.</p>
<p>Cross-examination continued. As to the statement that I was not appointed agent for either of the offices, I was appointed agent for the Sun life department, and that I considered en
<lb/>titled me to anticipate that I should be appointed agent of the fire department, inasmuch as the same references applied to fire as to life. When I called on Mr. Robert Harvey on De
<lb/>cember 8 I considered I was on the verge of being appointed an agent of the Sun fire department. I showed one of the Mr. Harveys the letter of appointment to the life department I did not know the two departments were working separately until such time as evidence was brought before the police court.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020019"/>
<p>I was always under the impression that the fire and life depart
<lb/>ment were one under the same management and under the tune roof. I submitted the Phoenix to Mm. Ahab because I knew the Sun objected to foreigners, but the Phoenix will accept foreigners who give good references. On the Saturday before I was arrested I went to the Phoenix Office at Charing Cross and informed them that I had two or three proposals ready and they gave me the application and proposal forms which were found on me. I told Mr. Robert Harvey, from whom I received 10s. 6d., that the policy would follow in a few days, but, of course, the business was not going to be submitted until such time at I was property appointed and able to receive my com
<lb/>mission. Up to the time of my arrest on February 14 I had not communicated the fact of the payment to the office except verbally through the inspector. Of course, Harvey was not covered. The premium was never taken, to rive him protec
<lb/>tion, and the receipt was never intended to be an official re
<lb/>ceipt. In many cases the proposal is not covered until the policy is actually received; it is not covered unless it is taken direct to the office and the proposer specially wishes to be covered. After the risk has been surveyed direct application is made to the agent for the premium less the commission, and it is an order in many instances that the agent has to pay this money out of his own pocket and then get it from the policy-holder, and it is for this reason the agent protects himself. I did not communicate the fact that I had received £2 5s. from Mr. Crookshank to the Sun Fire Office. When Mr. Nightin
<lb/>gale called upon me with reference to the cheque being stopped, I told him it was stopped because there was a clause in the policy that was not right. I could not tell that the Sun would accept the policy. In many cases a tariff office will accept the business of a non-tariff office, if the whole of it is offered to them, at the same rates. I had no authority for the statement that the Sun had agreed to take over the policy on the same terms £s the Castle. I do not know that Crook shank will lose that money. It is in abeyance. I do not suppose Mr. Nightin
<lb/>gale would have changed the cheque if I had told him the cir
<lb/>cumstances. He had changed cheques before. In each of the four instances, Jagle, the two Harveys, and Crookshank I ob
<lb/>tained the respective sums of money by holding myself out as the agent of the Sun Fire Office. I did not communicate in any instance to the Sun Fire Office that I had received money on their behalf, except in the case of Mr. Robert Harvey ver
<lb/>bally to Mr. Gore. I was not entitled to hold myself out to Mr. Legg as agent for the Phoenix. I did not communicate the fact that I had received premiums to the Phoenix Office. In every in
<lb/>stance that has come before the Court knowledge of the fact that I have received money has been due to the complaint of the people who have paid it.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020020"/>
<p>Re-examined. The various sums of money were retained by me until such time as I should be appointed agent. As a matter of fact, I never was appointed. As regards Mrs. Abeb and Mr. Legg my intention was to fill up this agency form and the two proposal forms and take them to the Phoenix Office at Charing Cross. In three instances the payments were in re
<lb/>spect of oilshops. In the case of oilshops a man who pays money is not insured at once. The office takes the particulars of the proposal and then sends down a surveyor, and if necessary the matter is submitted to the fire manager and the office com
<lb/>municates to the agent that they are willing to accept the risk. If they refuse to accept the risk the money is returned.</p>
<p>To the Recorder. The Castle Company did not make such inquiries as a tariff company would make. Being a smaller concern they did not often employ surveyors.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-70" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-70" type="surname" value="GORE"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-70" type="given" value="EDWARD JOHN"/>EDWARD JOHN GORE</persName> </hi>, recalled. Prisoner never communi
<lb/>cated to me the fact that he had received money from the two Harveys for insurance. The interview with me took place on December 19. He said he had some proposals, but he did not mention the name of Harvey. I told him distinctly we should not go further with his appointment until we heard from his references. The references were the only hitch. He never told me he had received any money; of that I am sure.</p>
<p>To the Recorder. When an insurer pays money he is given a proper receipt and it is for the purpose of covering him until the policy is either accepted or rejected. In case of fire a man holding such a receipt would be covered to the extent of the—loss he could prove; otherwise there would be no sense in a man paying anything. It is not true as prisoner says that the receipts amounts to nothing at all. Only the official receipt is recognised.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19060402-12-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-12-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-12-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty on all counts.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-71" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-71" type="surname" value="WHITFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-71" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>DETCTIVE ROBERT WHITFIELD</persName> </hi>. I have made inquiries con
<lb/>cerning prisoner. Prior to last October he had been employed by Mr. Knowle, of the Credit Francais, at a salary of £2 per week and commission. During the two years he had been dis
<lb/>charged on four occasions for irregularities. On the last occa
<lb/>sion, he absconded with defalcations of about £60. They had bought him clothing and a silk hat as he had got into rather low water. From some literature I found upon him I found that he had been employed by the Monarch Insurance Com
<lb/>pany. This is a letter terminating his engagement on Decem
<lb/>ber 30. In the case of the Monarch also he has accepted premiums from different people whom he has Defrauded.</p>
<p>Mr. Rooth said he did not propose to offer evidence on the five other indictments.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19060402-12-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-12-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-12-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-19060402 t19060402-12-punishment-9"/>Twelvecalendar months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020021"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>; Monday, April 2.</p>
<p>(Before the Common Serjeant.)</p>
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<interp inst="t19060402-13" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060402"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-13" type="date" value="19060402"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-13-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-19060402 t19060402-13-offence-1 t19060402-13-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-13-19060402" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-13-19060402" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19060402" type="age" value="49"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19060402" type="surname" value="DAY"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19060402" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19060402" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DAY</hi>, John (49, labourer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19060402-13-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-13-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-13-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> to
<rs id="t19060402-13-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-13-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-13-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>uttering coun
<lb/>terfeit coin; also to a conviction in 1892 for a similar offence.</rs> A number of convictions proved. Sentence,
<rs id="t19060402-13-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-13-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-13-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-19060402 t19060402-13-punishment-10"/>12 months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060402-14">
<interp inst="t19060402-14" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060402"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-14" type="date" value="19060402"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-14-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-19060402 t19060402-14-offence-1 t19060402-14-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-14-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-14-19060402 t19060402-14-offence-1 t19060402-14-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-14-19060402" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-14-19060402" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19060402" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19060402" type="surname" value="FULLER"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19060402" type="given" value="ARTHUR JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19060402" type="occupation" value="cook"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FULLER</hi>, Arthur James (25, cook)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-14-19060402" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-14-19060402" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-14-19060402" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def2-14-19060402" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def2-14-19060402" type="given" value="CECIL CHARLES VICTOR VIDALLI FITZGERALD"/>
<interp inst="def2-14-19060402" type="occupation" value="athlete"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SMITH</hi>, Cecil Charles Victor Vidalli Fitzgerald (24, athlete)</persName>
<rs id="t19060402-14-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-14-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-14-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>. Uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Partridge prosecuted; Mr. Davis defended.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-75" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-75" type="surname" value="SWAIN"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-75" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD SWAIN</persName> </hi>. I keep a coffee-stall in Somers Town, at the corner of Ossulston Street. On the early morning of February 23 Smith came to my stall and asked for two cigars and a packet of Bandmaster cigarettes; these were supplied; cost, 5d. He tendered a coin, saying: "Half a sovereign," and I gave him 9s. 7d. change. I had received no other half-sove
<lb/>reign that night. I put the coin in the basin; in the morning, on counting the takings, I found this was a Jubilee sixpence; then I communicated with the police.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I do not remember having had bad coins passed at my stall before. The coin in question was very like a half-sovereign and I was deceived. I have known, Fuller as a customer, not Smith. Neither has given me a false coin before. Fuller is a coffee-stall keeper; Smith helps him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-76" type="surname" value="GOODCHILD"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-76" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES GOODCHILD</persName> </hi>. Detective-Sergeant, Y Division. On February 25, at 9.30 a.m., I saw Smith at the Police Station. I said: "I am a, police-officer, and am making inquiries respect
<lb/>ing a gilded sixpence which it is alleged you uttered to a coffee-stall keeper at Ossulston Street on February 22 and ob
<lb/>taining the sum of 9s. 7d. by false pretences." I showed him the com. He said: "No, master, I have never seen it before; I was never at the coffee-stall and know nothing whatever about it." At Somers-Town Station Smith was identified by Swain. After Smith was put in the cell he sent for me. He said: "I have told you a lie. I am an honest man and wish to tell you the truth." I then cautioned him, and he went on to male this statement, which I took down, and which he signed."I have been assisting Fuller at the Royal Cafe in Euston Road for the past two months. On the 22nd inst. I was in the car; Fuller called me and showed" me a gilded coin, saying, 'What do you think of this; is it a genuine one or not?' I said, 'I have my doubts,' and asked him for a knife to try the edge. I cut the edge of the coin, and said to him, 'I think you have been done this time, this is not a half-sovereign.' Another man in the car said it was a Jubilee tanner. Fuller said, 'I took it off a customer.' He gave me a description, of a man, and I went out to find him, and failed to do so. I returned to the cafe and told Fuller I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020022"/>
<p>had spoken to a constable on the Midland railway station about it, and the constable informed me that several coins had been passed at the refreshment bars at the Crystal Palace recently. Fuller said, 'What do you think, shall I try and pay it in with my money to my master this morning?' I said, 'No, very likely he would give you the sack for taking the coin.' Fuller then handed me the coin, and said, "Suppose you try and pass it at Smith's? (Smith's is the name Swain's stall is known by.) I said, 'I will try.' I went to the stall and asked for two cigars and a packet of cigarettes, and placed the coin on the counter. Prosecutor served me, and, after sounding the coin, gave me 9s. 7d. change. I went back to Fuller; he said, 'Well, how did you get on?' I said, 'He took the coin and sounded it, and gave me 9s. 7d. and two cigars and a packet of cigarettes, and never said a word.' I handed Fuller the cash and two cigars, and gave him a penny for my cigarettes. He gave me one of the cigars for my trouble, and said, 'Sup
<lb/>pose Smith (Swain) came here and asked us about the coin? I said, 'Well, that's another thing; we shall have to tell him all about it then.'" After this I saw Fuller, and told him Smith had made a statement, and took him to the station. I showed him the coin. He said, "Yes, that is the coin I sent him with. I took it from a customer in the car. A cabman was present, and remarked that the coin was a gilded one. I lost 9s. 10d. by taking it, and could not afford to lose it; it was a silly thing for me to do, I daresay." Subsequently, Fuller signed a statement in which, after setting out his career in the army, and that he still belongs to the reserves, he said: "I received this coin which resembles half a sovereign from a customer whom I should know if I saw him again, and I paid him in return 9s. 10d. change, nearly all the silver I had at the time. Wanting change for other customers, I sent my friend Smith for change with this coin, as I had no doubt what
<lb/>ever respecting it, although the person who tendered same seemed a doubtful character. When my friend returned I asked him if the coffee-stall keeper made any remark about the coin? He informed me 'No, only he asked if I had anything smaller. There is practically nothing against my friend, as he only done a favour by taking the coin to change. There was no intent to defraud whatever."</p>
<p>Cross-examined. On searching prisoners no false coins were found on either.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-77" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-77" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>, Inspector of Counterfeit Coins to the Royal Mint. The coin produced is a gilded sixpenny piece.</p>
<p>(Evidence for defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-78" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-78" type="surname" value="FULLER"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-78" type="given" value="ARTHUR JAMES"/>ARTHUR JAMES FULLER</persName> </hi>. (Prisoner on oath.) On the night of February 22 someone came to my car or stall, called for a cup of tea and some cake (cost 2d.), and put down a coin that I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020023"/>
<p>took for a half-sovereign; I gave him 9s. 10d. change. Being doubtful, I showed the coin to a cabman who was in the oar; he said, "This is a Jubilee half-sovereign; I wish I had a hatful of them." I showed the coin to Smith; he thought it was a good one; he tried it round the edge with a knife. Another customer came in, and I wanted change; I sent Smith to the next stall, where we often send if we want change. Smith came back and said the coin had been changed without any remark. I then thought that there could be no doubt about it, but that the coin was a good one.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I did not say when arrested,"A cabman who was present said it was a gilded tanner "; the cabman amid it was a good half-sovereign; in fact, he offered to change tt for me. I did say when arrested,"It was a silly thing for me to do, I am very sorry "; when they arrested me for it I thought how silly it was. Smith hat been assisting me, looking after, cups, and so on, outside the stall. We are good friends. I talked with him about the, coin because I thought it was lights and it looked bright and new. He did not say to me,"I think you have been done this time, this is not a half-sovereign." No one in the car said it was a gilded tanner. The cabman, I refer to is not here. I deny that I said the Smith,"Shall I try to pay this in with my money to my master in the morning," or that he said, "No, very likely he would give you the sack for taking the coin." I don't know why Smith should have invented this.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-79" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-79" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-79" type="given" value="CECIL CHARLES VICTOR VIDALLI FITZGERALD"/>CECIL CHARLES VICTOR VIDALLI FITZGERALD SMITH</persName> </hi>. (Prisoner on oath.) Fuller passed me the coin and asked me what I thought of it; I told him I had my doubts; I tried the edge of it with a knife. I left the stall to try to find the man who had passed the coin. I spoke to a constable at the station opposite, who told me that several Jubilee sixpences had recently been tendered for half-sovereigns at the Crystal Palace. I came back and told this to Fuller; there was a cabman present in the car; I did not hear Fuller speak to the cabman. Fuller sent me out with, the coin to get change; I went to prosecutor's stall, got the change, and brought it back to Fuller. When I passed the coin I had no doubt of its genuineness.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I was doubtful about the coin at the beginning, but not at the end. When I was arrested I did not say to Goodchild,"No, master, I have never seen that coin in my life before "; I said I had never tendered the coin. When I saw Good child afterwards in the cell I said, "It is a lie what I have told you; I did tender half a sovereign as I thought" At to why I did not say that when I was first arrested, I suppose I was excited; and the charge was never explained to me. I am not say to Fuller,"I think you have been done this time, this is not a half-sovereign." Fuller did not say to me,"Shall I try and pay this in with my money to my master in the morning?" I remember that a cabman who was in the car said, "This is a</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020024"/>
<p>Jubilee half-sovereign." I do not remember another man say
<lb/>ing, "It is a gilded tanner." These things are in the statement I signed; that statement was written down by Goodchild and read over to me, and I signed lit, but I was excited at the time. When I got back with the change Fuller asked me whether any remark had been made about the coin. When I tendered the coin to Swain I did not say "half a sovereign "; I simply put it down, and he asked me if I had any smaller change.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19060402-14-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-14-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-14-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19060402-15" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060402"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-15" type="date" value="19060402"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-15-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19060402 t19060402-15-offence-1 t19060402-15-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-15-19060402" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-15-19060402" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19060402" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19060402" type="surname" value="NICOL"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19060402" type="given" value="KATHLEEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19060402" type="occupation" value="waitress"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NICOL</hi>, Kathleen (18, waitress)</persName>,
<rs id="t19060402-15-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-15-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-15-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> to
<rs id="t19060402-15-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-15-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-15-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>forging and uttering a request for the payment of £6, on January 13, 1906, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Sentence (April 3),
<rs id="t19060402-15-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-15-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-15-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19060402 t19060402-15-punishment-11"/>Three months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060402-16">
<interp inst="t19060402-16" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060402"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-16" type="date" value="19060402"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-16-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-19060402 t19060402-16-offence-1 t19060402-16-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-16-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-19060402 t19060402-16-offence-2 t19060402-16-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-16-19060402" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-16-19060402" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19060402" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19060402" type="surname" value="WEBB"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19060402" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-19060402" type="occupation" value="stoker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WEBB</hi>, George (24, stoker)</persName>,
<rs id="t19060402-16-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-16-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-16-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> to
<rs id="t19060402-16-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-16-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-16-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>feloniously causing grievous bodily harm to
<persName id="t19060402-name-82" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-82" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-82" type="surname" value="FOX"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-82" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-82" type="occupation" value="policeman"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-16-offence-1 t19060402-name-82"/>Police Constable Charles Fox</persName> with intent to maim him; also with intent to resist his (pri
<lb/>soner's) lawful apprehension;</rs>
<rs id="t19060402-16-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-16-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-16-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assault"/>further to assaulting
<persName id="t19060402-name-83" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-83" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-83" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-83" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-83" type="occupation" value="policeman"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-16-offence-2 t19060402-name-83"/>Police Con
<lb/>stable James Moore</persName>, with intent to resist lawful apprehension.</rs> Prisoner pleaded guilty to a conviction at the South London Sessions on December 10, 1903, for felony, in the name of George Harrison. Police evidence proved ten convictions since 1897, prisoner being no sooner out of prison than again arrested. The assault on Constable Cox was by kicking in a dangerous part of the body, and he was yet unable to return to duty.
<rs id="t19060402-16-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-16-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-16-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-19060402 t19060402-16-punishment-12"/>Seven years' penal servitude.</rs> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>; Monday, April 2.</p>
<p>(Before Judge Lumley Smith.)</p>
<p>
<persName id="t19060402-name-84">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-84" type="surname" value="MORGAN"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-84" type="given" value="BERNARD CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MORGAN</hi>, Bernard Charles</persName>. Forging and uttering an order for the payment of £8, with intent to defraud. Found guilty at last Sessions (see p. 126). Two previous convictions proved. Sentence, Three months' hard labour.</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060402-18">
<interp inst="t19060402-18" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060402"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-18" type="date" value="19060402"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-18-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-19060402 t19060402-18-offence-1 t19060402-18-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-18-19060402" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-18-19060402" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19060402" type="age" value="59"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19060402" type="surname" value="OVERBURY"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19060402" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-19060402" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OVERBURY</hi>. Charles (59, labourer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19060402-18-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-18-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-18-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> to
<rs id="t19060402-18-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-18-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-18-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>stealing from the dwelling of
<persName id="t19060402-name-86" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-86" type="surname" value="SCARFE"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-86" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-18-offence-1 t19060402-name-86"/>Walter Scarfe</persName> a coat and other articles, and feloniously receiving the same on March 2.</rs> Also pleaded guilty to conviction on July 31, 1905, of similar offence in the name of George Stone at Bow Street, when he was sen
<lb/>tenced to four months' imprisonment
<rs id="t19060402-18-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-18-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-18-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-19060402 t19060402-18-punishment-13"/>Twelve months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060402-19">
<interp inst="t19060402-19" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060402"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-19" type="date" value="19060402"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-19-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-19-19060402 t19060402-19-offence-1 t19060402-19-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-19-19060402" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-19-19060402" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19060402" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19060402" type="surname" value="CONSTABLE"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19060402" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-19060402" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CONSTABLE</hi>, James (42, labourer)</persName>
<rs id="t19060402-19-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-19-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-19-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>. Forging and uttering an endorsement on an order for the payment of £4 5s. 6d. with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Charles Doughty prosecuted.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020025"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-88" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-88" type="surname" value="SPRULES"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-88" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK SPRULES</persName> </hi>, 45, Pembury Road, meat carrier. On January 24 I sent off tome cheques and letters, including a cheque for £4 5s. 6d. ground rent in favour of Mr. Hardy, an agent, and gave them to my son to post. I identify the cheque produced which has been passed through the bank and paid, Mr. Hardy wrote to me on account of not having received tint money.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-89" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-89" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-89" type="surname" value="WILLITT"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-89" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD WILLITT</persName> </hi>, 55, Swinbrook Road, North Kensington. I had known prisoner before January of this year, having worked for him and with him. I met him on Saturday, January 27, in Portobello Road. He said: "I have got a cheque which I brought for you to see if either Evans or Barker could change it" I said I did not think either of them had a banking account, and that the only one I knew who had an account was Mr. Hooton, of the Walmer Castle. Prisoner and I went to the Walmer Castle, where we saw young Hooton, who said the cheque mutt be signed differently. He brought pen and ink, and prisoner did something with it, but what he did I do not know, as I cannot read writing. On the follow
<lb/>ing Tuesday prisoner told me Hooton would not pay the cheque without seeing me. I went with him, and Mr. Hooton paid him £4 5s. 6d.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. You did not tell me a man had asked you to get the cheque done. What you did on the back of the cheque I really do not know.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-90" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-90" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-90" type="surname" value="HOOTON"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-90" type="given" value="HENRY HERBERT"/>HENRY HERBERT HOOTON</persName> </hi>, son of the licensee of the Walmer Castle. On January 27 prisoner came in with Willett and asked me to change a cheque. It was only endorsed "Mr. Hardy." I told prisoner he must endorse it,"J. Hardy." I brought pen and ink and he endorsed it. I told him to call for the money on Tuesday or Wednesday, and the cheque was passed through the banking account in the ordinary way.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-91" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-91" type="surname" value="HOOTON"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-91" type="given" value="HENRY JAMES"/>HENRY JAMES HOOTON</persName> </hi>, Walmer Castle public-house. On Tuesday, the 30th, prisoner came in and asked me for some money. I sent him to find Willett, and when they came back together I paid prisoner £4 5s. 6d.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-92" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-92" type="surname" value="COLE"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-92" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE COLE</persName> </hi>, Detective-Sergeant, X Divison. On March 16 I arrested prisoner in North Kensington, and told him he would be charged with stealing a cheque for £4 5s. 6d., and with forg
<lb/>ing the endorsement. He said: "I did not steal it and did not forge it. I admit cashing it. A man asked me to cash it for him, as it was too late for the bank. I took it to the 'pub.' When I took the money on the Tuesday I handed it to the man," When he was subsequently charged at the station he said: "I know nothing about it."</p>
<p>At prisoner's request, the Complainant read references from Messrs. P. G. Browne and Walter Browne, builders, Walmer</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020026"/>
<p>Road, Mr. A. E. Symes, Clarendon Road, Notting Hill, and Mr. E. W. Lerande, Clarendon Road, Kensington.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PRISONER</hi> (on oath). On January 27, between 9 and 10 a.m., I was standing outside the Kensington Park Hotel, Ladbroke Grove, when a man I know by sight only came up and asked me if I was doing anything. I said: "No, not to-day." He said: "Would you mind taking this into the bank for me." I said, "What is it?" He said ft was a cheque he had had sent to him in payment of work which he had done. I said, "Is it all right?" He said, "Yes." I took it into the London and South
<lb/>western Bank, and the clerk told me it would have to go through a bank, and that it did not require "Mr." on it. I told the man what the bank clerk had said and gave him the cheque back. He afterwards came to me again and said, "I have made it all right now." I asked Willett where I could get it changed, and that is how I came to go to the Walmer Castle. I did not write anything on the cheque, and the writing on the cheque is not mine.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I do not know where the man lives or his name. I only knew him by sight. I could not give a descrip
<lb/>tion of him, but he looked to me as if he was a painter or some
<lb/>thing in the building line. I do not know whom he works for. He was away with the cheque about half an hour. I can write (At the request of counsel, prisoner wrote his name and Mr. Hardy underneath it.) What young Mr. Hooton and Willett have said about my writing on the back of the cheque in a public-house is untrue. What I got out of the job was about 3s. I took no further notice until the police came upon me two months afterwards. I thought it was all genuine. During those two months I was working on and off for Mr. Browne, 117, Walmer Road.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19060402-19-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-19-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-19-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>not guilty</rs>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>, Tuesday, April 3.</p>
<p>(Before Mr. Justice Lawrence.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060402-20">
<interp inst="t19060402-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060402"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-20" type="date" value="19060402"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-20-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-19060402 t19060402-20-offence-1 t19060402-20-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-20-19060402" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-20-19060402" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19060402" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19060402" type="surname" value="SOSKIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19060402" type="given" value="LOUIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-19060402" type="occupation" value="tobacconist"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SOSKIN</hi>, Louis (22, tobacconist)</persName>
<rs id="t19060402-20-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-20-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-20-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>, rape, on
<persName id="t19060402-name-94" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-94" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-94" type="surname" value="GRAVIER"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-94" type="given" value="MILLIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-20-offence-1 t19060402-name-94"/>Millie Gravier</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Arthur Hutton and Mr. Herman Cohen prosecuted, Mr. Rt Wallace, K.C., Mr. L. S. Green, and Mr. Hinde defended.</p>
<p>At last Session the jury disagreed.</p>
<p>(Wednesday, April 4.)</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19060402-20-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-20-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-20-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>not guilty</rs>.</p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020027"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>; Tuesday, April 3.</p>
<p>(Before Mr. Recorder.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060402-21">
<interp inst="t19060402-21" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060402"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-21" type="date" value="19060402"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-21-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-19060402 t19060402-21-offence-1 t19060402-21-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-21-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-21-19060402 t19060402-21-offence-1 t19060402-21-verdict-2"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-21-19060402" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-21-19060402" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19060402" type="age" value="45"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19060402" type="surname" value="JOHNSTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19060402" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-19060402" type="occupation" value="miner"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHNSTON</hi>, Joseph (45, miner)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-21-19060402" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-21-19060402" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-21-19060402" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def2-21-19060402" type="surname" value="GRAY"/>
<interp inst="def2-21-19060402" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def2-21-19060402" type="occupation" value="porter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GRAY</hi>, William (29, porter)</persName>
<rs id="t19060402-21-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-21-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-21-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>. Stealing a case of oranges, the goods of
<persName id="t19060402-name-97" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-97" type="surname" value="ADAMS"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-97" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-21-offence-1 t19060402-name-97"/>John Adams</persName> and another, and feloniously receiving same.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. G. L. Hardy prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-98" type="surname" value="RALPH"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-98" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN RALPH</persName> </hi>, 799 City Police. I was on duty in Monument Square on the afternoon of the 8th. At about 3.45 I saw prisoner Gray, who was one of a gang of men carrying oases of oranges from Fresh Wharf to a warehouse in Pudding Lane. He rested the case on the tail board of a railway van, and said to me: "I am going to have a blow." Shortly afterwards he put the case on a pony-barrow and walked away. Being rather suspicious, I made inquiries and kepi observation on the case. About half-past four I walked out of Monument Square to Fish Street Hill, and on returning in a few minutes I saw Johnston leading a pony and cart with the case of oranges. I asked him if the case of oranges belonged to him. He said yes, and that he had bought it of Messrs. Keeling and Hunt. Not being satisfied with that statement, I took him to the station. On the way he said: "I have been a dupe. I bought that case of oranges of a man in the Canterbury public-house yesterday, giving him 7s. 6d. and 10s. this afternoon." I returned to Monument Square and saw Gray. I said to him,"You are the man who put the case of oranges on the pony-barrow." He said: "I took my case on to the warehouse." I then took him to the station. I have known Gray several years, and have no doubt he is the man who put the case on the barrow.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-99" type="surname" value="SHELLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-99" type="given" value="CHARLES SIDNEY"/>CHARLES SIDNEY SHELLEY</persName> </hi>, foreman to Mr. Adams, fruit broker, I identify the case of oranges as the property of John Adams. Its value is about 18s. I know Gray, who on this particular day was working for the Orange Porters' Society. The oranges in the ship were consigned to four brokers, and came from Valentia and various other ports of Spain.</p>
<p>To Johnston. No other firm uses the same mark that we use. The case had not been sold by auction, and would not be opened until the following Monday. If the case had been in the ware-house that would have been shown by a private mark upon it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-100" type="surname" value="YOUNG"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-100" type="given" value="CHARLES WILLIAM"/>CHARLES WILLIAM YOUNG</persName> </hi>, costermonger, 67, Customs Street, Hoxton. I remember sending a pony and barrow to prisoner, Johnston. It was on a Thursday, between two and half-past. I was to have it back at seven o'clock that night.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHNSTON</hi> (Not on oath). On the evening before this Thurs
<lb/>day I went down to Thames Street, and while I was in a public-house a man showed me a receipt for twenty cases of oranges from Keeling and Hunt. I said I could do with one case. I paid him 7s. 6d. and told him I would come down the following</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020028"/>
<p>afternoon and pay him another 10s., when be had got me the case of oranges. On the following day I came down and put the pony and cart on the rank and bought some fish, which I had when arrested. When I came back the case of oranges was on the cart, and, naturally enough, I thought it was the case I had bought. I had never seen Gray until he was placed beside me in the dock.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GRAY</hi> (Not on oath). I am absolutely innocent of this, and if the constable saw me do this thing at the Monument, why did not he apprehend me there and then, because after this case was "pitched," by all accounts, I am still at work carrying. This man Johnston I do not know. I know nothing about his being locked up with the pony-cart and the box of oranges. I was still carrying when a man came up to me and said, "Bill, they are going to 'pinch' you for 'pitching' that case." I said, "What case?" He said, "The case of oranges 'pitched' in the pony-cart." I said, "I know nothing about it." I afterwards walked up to the police-constable and said, "Do you want met" The mark on the box I carried was "Raymond Gill."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-101" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-101" type="surname" value="RALPH"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-101" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN RALPH</persName> </hi> (recalled). Gray did come up to me and say, "Do you want me?"</p>
<p>Verdict, Johnston,
<rs id="t19060402-21-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-21-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-21-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>; Gray,
<rs id="t19060402-21-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-21-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-21-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty.</rs> </p>
<p>Johnston also pleaded guilty to several previous convictions, including a sentence of five years' penal servitude. This expired in 1897, and the Recorder, taking into consideration that he had since been living honestly, sentenced him to
<rs id="t19060402-21-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-21-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-21-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-19060402 t19060402-21-punishment-14"/>nine months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060402-22">
<interp inst="t19060402-22" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060402"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-22" type="date" value="19060402"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-22-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-19060402 t19060402-22-offence-1 t19060402-22-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-22-19060402" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-22-19060402" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19060402" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19060402" type="surname" value="POWELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19060402" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-19060402" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">POWELL</hi>, Herbert (22, clerk)</persName>
<rs id="t19060402-22-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-22-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-22-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, stealing a purse and the sum of £7 11s., the goods and moneys of
<persName id="t19060402-name-103" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-103" type="surname" value="ATKINSON"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-103" type="given" value="HORACE EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-22-offence-1 t19060402-name-103"/>Horace Edward Atkin
<lb/>son</persName>, and feloniously receiving same.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. J. F. Vesey FitzGerald prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-104" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-104" type="surname" value="NEWBOLD"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-104" type="given" value="GEORGE HENRY"/>GEORGE HENRY NEWBOLD</persName> </hi>, clerk to H. Nicholson and Co., Suffolk House, Cannon Street. In December last I was em
<lb/>ployed by Mr. Joseph Atkinson, 14, Love Lane, E.C. On December 11 last prisoner came as clerk to Mr. Atkinson. On December 20 he absented himself without leave. I next saw him at half past seven on the morning of the 21st. I walked into his room and saw that the fire had been lit. I asked him who had lit the fire, and he said that he had. The second man in charge told him not to do any work until Mr. Atkinson arrived. Prisoner sat by the fire till about five minutes to nine when he suddenly rose, and said he was going out to breakfast, and would come back in an hour's time. I did not see anything more of him until March 17, when he was in custody at the Mansion House.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. There are two offices adjoining one another, and workmen are constantly going up and down the stairs, some of them coming as early as half past four.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020029"/>
<p>Re-examined. Workmen are not supposed to have the run of these premises.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-105" type="surname" value="ATKINSON"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-105" type="given" value="HORACE EDWARD"/>HORACE EDWARD ATKINSON</persName> </hi>, fish salesman, 14, Love Lane. On the morning of December 21 I arrived at Love Lane it quarter past five. At half past I went into my office on the second floor to change my clothes, which I hung up in the usual place. I left my purse, money, and keys. The purse, which was in the right-hand pocket of my trousers, con
<lb/>tained £7 is gold and some silver. I then went down into the warehouse to start work. I went up to the second floor office again between one and two o'clock, and when I had changed my clothes I found I had neither puree nor money. I told my father, and the police were fetched.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. Access cannot be obtained to the second floor offices without passing the boy at the bottom of the stairs or my uncle's office. Until the clerk comes at seven o'clock nobody has any right in the office. There are about a dozen men in the warehouse, but they have no call to go upstairs.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-106" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-106" type="surname" value="GIBBS"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-106" type="given" value="FLORENCE"/>FLORENCE GIBBS</persName> </hi>, single, 86, Westland Road, Battersea. I have known prisoner three yean. I saw him on the morning of December 21 last, between nine and ten, He showed me a purse with £7 and some shillings in. He said he had drawn the money from the bank. Since the previous day he had shaved off his moustache and had on a new coat, a new collar and tie, and a new bowler hat. He said he had a day off. He stayed at our place a fortnight, not as a lodger but at a friend. There was trouble with my young brother because prisoner accused him of trying to rob him. Prisoner told me he had thrown the purse over one of the bridges, and remarked that it would cause no more trouble.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. You promised to marry me on January 14, but I did not come up to your house and make a row and sty that I had been to Mr. Joseph Atkinson, and would put you where I could look at you.</p>
<p>To the Recorder. When I heard that Mr. Atkinson's son had lost his purse and money I went to Mr. Joseph Atkinson and told him what I knew.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-107" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-107" type="surname" value="ATKINSON"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-107" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH ATKINSON</persName> </hi>, fish salesman and merchant, 14, Love Lane. In November I advertised for a junior clerk, and sub
<lb/>sequently received a letter from prisoner stating that he had an excellent reference, and I finally engaged him. He came to me on Monday, December 11. On the following Wednes
<lb/>day he did not come to business, so I told my clerk I should' like to see him before he commenced his duties on Thursday morning, but he went away before I came.</p>
<p>By Prisoner. My brother and the two clerks, Mr. Newbold and Mr. Bridge, were constantly in and out of the offices. The door of the office it always open, and anyone can go in and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020030"/>
<p>out, but the office is never left. The salesmen are not allowed to go into my office at all.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-108" type="surname" value="NEWELL"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-108" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM NEWELL</persName> </hi>, detective sergeant, City Police. On De
<lb/>cember 16 I proceeded at nine in the morning to Wandsworth. Road with Detective Collings. I found prisoner asleep in a bedroom on the first floor. I told him we were police officers, and were making inquiries about a purse and some money stolen from Mr. Horace Atkinson at an office in Love Lane, where prisoner had been employed as clerk. He said, "I know nothing about it." He got up and dressed, and we went to the City and saw Mr. Atkinson, who charged him with the theft. Prisoner again said he knew nothing about it, and at the station he said, "It is a false charge in reference to the money."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PRISONER</hi> (not on oath). I simply say I am not guilty. It is through this young woman, Florence Gibbs, that this charge has been brought against me. I promised to marry her on January 14 last, but, finding her in bed along with her father, I refused to marry her. Since then I have been trying to keep out of her way, but cannot do so, as she has been bringing men to the house and threatening to give me a hiding. They come all the way from Walworth Road to Wandsworth to annoy me every night. She has said she was going to put me where she could look at me and make me suffer for what I had done to her.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-109" type="surname" value="POWELL"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-109" type="given" value="EDWARD JAMES"/>EDWARD JAMES POWELL</persName> </hi>, smith's mate, 102, Wandsworth Road. Florence Gibbs has been continually coming to our house since Christmas, annoying prisoner and bringing fellows up to knock him about. Prisoner has had to stop out late at night to keep out of her way. I remember one evening in March, as I was coming home from work, she was just leaving the gate with another fellow. I remember her saying that she had been to Atkinson's and would put prisoner where she could look at him. She has often threatened to bring fellows up from Walworth to give prisoner a hiding on account of some quarrel there was between them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-110" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-110" type="surname" value="POWELL"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-110" type="given" value="MABEL"/>MABEL POWELL</persName> </hi> (prisoner's sister). Florence Gibbs came to 102, Wandsworth Road, with two fellows about March 14, and was holloaing and swearing. I remember prisoner being hit on the back of his head and having his hat broken.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-111" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-111" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-111" type="surname" value="POWELL"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-111" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE POWELL</persName> </hi> (prisoner's mother). I remember Florence Gibbs coming to the house, just before prisoner was charged, with two men, who knocked prisoner about. She also abused me. I remember her saying she had been to Mr. Joseph Atkinson's and was going to put me where she could look at me. She threatened me and wanted me to go out into the road and fight her, and she said she was going to try to injure my son because she wanted him to marry her. We have always been against him having anything to do with her, because</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020031"/>
<p>she is not a fit person. She said she knew what she could do if she went to Atkinson's, and she was going to punish him somehow or other. She said she would put him away. Her brother Frederick was with her and some other man; I think it was Gordon.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner lived with me up to the time he was locked up, but he has sometimes been away for several nights together, staying with Gibbs, at I found out afterwards.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19060402-22-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-22-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-22-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DETECTIVE-SERGEANT NEWELL</hi>. Prisoner obtained the situa
<lb/>tion with Mr. Atkinson by means of a false character. The letter was dated from 86, Battersea Rise, which is a newspaper shop, where letters may be delivered. A warrant was issued in respect of that charge, but if the fact is taken into considera
<lb/>tion by your lordship, it will be withdrawn. I believe prisoner has been employed in a solicitor's office, but he has not given me the name and address.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19060402-22-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-22-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-22-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-19060402 t19060402-22-punishment-15"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>; Tuesday, April 3.</p>
<p>(Before the Common Serjeant.)</p>
<p>
<persName id="t19060402-name-112">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-112" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-112" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-112" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-112" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAMS</hi>, Robert (24, labourer)</persName>, pleaded guilty an January Sessions of larceny and receiving). The Common Ser
<lb/>jeant said prisoner having pleaded guilty to stealing a macin
<lb/>tosh after several previous convictions would have been sent for a term of penal servitude' but for a statement which hit lordship had personally investigated and found to be correct. As the Salvation Army had undertaken to find prisoner work he would be sentenced to two days' imprisonment.</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060402-24">
<interp inst="t19060402-24" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060402"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-24" type="date" value="19060402"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-24-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-24-19060402 t19060402-24-offence-1 t19060402-24-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-24-19060402" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-24-19060402" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19060402" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19060402" type="surname" value="DORMER"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19060402" type="given" value="WILLIAM LOWELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19060402" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DORMER</hi>, William Lowell (35, clerk)</persName>
<rs id="t19060402-24-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-24-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-24-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>, committing acts of gross indecency on
<persName id="t19060402-name-114" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-114" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-114" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-24-offence-1 t19060402-name-114"/>Arthur Smith</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Grain prosecuted; Mr. C. F. Gill defended.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t19060402-24-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-24-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-24-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Prisoner having given evidence on oath, the jury stopped the case, and returned a verdict of Not Guilty.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060402-25">
<interp inst="t19060402-25" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060402"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-25" type="date" value="19060402"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-25-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-19060402 t19060402-25-offence-1 t19060402-25-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-25-19060402" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-25-19060402" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19060402" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19060402" type="surname" value="HEAL"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19060402" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-19060402" type="occupation" value="salesman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HEAL</hi>, Frederick (32, salesman)</persName>
<rs id="t19060402-25-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-25-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-25-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, obtaining by false pre
<lb/>tences three sums of 10s., 20s., and 10s.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Hoffgaard prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-116" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-116" type="surname" value="COOK"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-116" type="given" value="MORDECAI CUBITT"/>MORDECAI CUBITT COOK</persName> </hi>, 53, Castle Road, Kentish Town, re
<lb/>tired civil servant On Saturday, July 15, 1905, prisoner represented to me that his father, with whom I am well acquainted, had obtained for him a situation in the Birming
<lb/>ham tram service, and that he had to commence Work oil Monday morning, but that he had not enough money to pay his fare, would I lend him the money to go down, and he would</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020032"/>
<p>return it in the course of the week. I believed his statement and advanced him 10s. I have never seen, him since.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Prisoner told me he had had bad times and was hard up. He showed me a letter. I had never seen pri
<lb/>soner before, but I knew his father, and thought it was legiti
<lb/>mate. I heard from one or two members of the Horticultural Society Committee, of which I am a member, that prisoner had made similar applications and obtained money from others. Mr. Dreuery was one of them. Prisoner told me he had got a situation.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-117" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-117" type="surname" value="NICHOLSON"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-117" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE NICHOLSON</persName> </hi>, 37, Lark field Road, Richmond, retired civil servant, stated that prisoner had obtained 20s. from him under similar circumstances.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-118" type="surname" value="DREUERY"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-118" type="given" value="CHARLES THOMAS"/>CHARLES THOMAS DREUERY</persName> </hi> Char Road, Acton, stated that prisoner had obtained 10s. from him in the same way.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-119" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-119" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH THOMPSON</persName> </hi>, detective, X Division. I arrested pri
<lb/>sonar on March 15. He said, "I do not know where the frau
<lb/>dulent pretence comes in. I borrowed it off him. Mr. Dreuery has known my father for five years."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-120" type="surname" value="HEAL"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-120" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK HEAL</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I showed prosecutors a letter which I had received from Mr. Woods, of Birmingham, offering to get me a situation. On that they lent me the money, which I promised to pay back, but have not been able to do so. I stated I was hard up.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19060402-25-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-25-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-25-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>Prisoner pleaded guilty to having been sentenced to one month's imprisonment for embezzlement.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19060402-25-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-25-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-25-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-19060402 t19060402-25-punishment-16"/>Nine months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOURTH COURT</hi>; Tuesday, April 3.</p>
<p>(Before Judge Rantoul.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060402-26">
<interp inst="t19060402-26" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060402"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-26" type="date" value="19060402"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-26-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-19060402 t19060402-26-offence-1 t19060402-26-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-26-19060402" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-26-19060402" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19060402" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19060402" type="surname" value="MADDEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19060402" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-19060402" type="occupation" value="car man"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MADDEN</hi>, John (26, car man)</persName>
<rs id="t19060402-26-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-26-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-26-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>. Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t19060402-name-122" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-122" type="surname" value="LEGGETT"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-122" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-26-offence-1 t19060402-name-122"/>John Leggett</persName>, and stealing from him 17s. 6d., a knife, a pencil, and a key.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Lyne prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-123" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-123" type="surname" value="LEGGETT"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-123" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN LEGGETT</persName> </hi> seaman, staying at the Sailors' Home, Well Street. On March 10, about half-past one in the morning, as I was getting off a tramcar in East India Dock Road, two men set upon me; one got behind me and one in front, and the latter took all I had in my pocket, about 17s. in money, and the key, pencil, and knife produced. Prisoner is one of the men; the other ran away.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. Without a doubt you were the man in front who put his hand in my pocket and took the things.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-124" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-124" type="surname" value="GURRY"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-124" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES GURRY</persName> </hi>, labourer, 16, Iloford Road, Poplar. I was walking along the road when this happened; I heard a woman scream and I saw prisoner struggling with prosecutor. I ran</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020033"/>
<p>across to his assistance and caught prisoner. While I was holding him on the ground he threw these three articles out of his pocket. I picked them up and gave them to the police. I held prisoner till the police came.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. I hoard some money drop, but I cannot say whether you or the other man dropped it.</p>
<p>To the Court. I am certain this is the man. I am ft labourer, mostly in the iron line.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-125" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-125" type="surname" value="HONOUR"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-125" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE HONOUR</persName> </hi>, clerk, 27, Glen hall Street, Poplar. On this morning I was on a oar in East India Dock Road, when I saw prosecutor with a friend get off, and immediately after* wards prisoner got off. I turned round on the tram and saw them struggling on the ground. I went and caught the prisoner as he was running away; I heard something drop that sounded like money; I told the police at the station, and they went back and found the money. Last witness is a stranger to me. Prisoner may have been drinking.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. While you were on the tram I cannot say that you were under the influence of drink, but you acted rather suspicious.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-126" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-126" type="surname" value="JACKSON"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-126" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD JACKSON</persName> </hi> P.C. 819 E. On this morning I was at the corner of Dove Street, East India Dock Road. I heard cries of "Police!"and saw prisoner crossing the road, followed by the last two witnesses; they stopped him, and I came up and took him into custody. At the police court prisoner said to the magistrate,"I plead guilty to being concerned in robbing him."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-127" type="surname" value="HAYWARD"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-127" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT HAYWARD</persName> </hi> P.O. 355 K. Hearing cries of "Police!" I went to the spot where prisoner was being detained by last witness. I looked round and ear a half-crown and a sixpence lying in the road; I picked them up and took them to the station. The man Gurry I know as a hard-working, respectable labourer.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PRISONER</hi> (not on oath). I was under the influence of drink, meeting with a friend. I happened to see prosecutor, and I asked him to have a cup of coffee; I mistook him for the friend I had been drinking with all day. I do not remember anything else.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19060402-26-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-26-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-26-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>. Prisoner pleaded guilty to a conviction at this Court on November 16, 1903, for larceny, in the name of Patrick Sullivan. A long list of other convictions was proved. Sentence,
<rs id="t19060402-26-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-26-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-26-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-19060402 t19060402-26-punishment-17"/>Three years' penal servitude</rs>.</p>
<p>Gurry was allowed £3 as a reward for assisting to capture prisoner.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060402-27">
<interp inst="t19060402-27" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060402"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-27" type="date" value="19060402"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-27-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-27-19060402 t19060402-27-offence-1 t19060402-27-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-27-19060402" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-27-19060402" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19060402" type="age" value="44"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19060402" type="surname" value="QUINTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19060402" type="given" value="CHARLES HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-19060402" type="occupation" value="carpenter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">QUINTON</hi>, Charles Henry (44, carpenter)</persName>,
<rs id="t19060402-27-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-27-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-27-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> to
<rs id="t19060402-27-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-27-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-27-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>feloniously embezzling £80, received by him for and on account of his employers, the trustees of the
<persName id="t19060402-name-129" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-129" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-27-offence-1 t19060402-name-129"/>General Union of Operative Carpenters and Joiners</persName>.</rs>
<rs id="t19060402-27-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-27-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-27-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-27-19060402 t19060402-27-punishment-18"/>Six months hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020034"/>
<p>
<persName id="t19060402-name-130">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-130" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-130" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-130" type="given" value="WILLIAM FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JONES</hi>, William Frederick</persName>. Found guilty at February Ses
<lb/>sions (see Vol. CXLIII., p. 762) of obtaining goods by false pretences, and released on his own recognizance. It was now stated that he had in fact left this country. His recognizance's were discharged.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t19060402-name-131">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-131" type="surname" value="COHEN"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-131" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COHEN</hi>, Alexander</persName>. At last Sessions (see p. 190) found guilty of unlawfully obtaining credit by false pretences; on the trial of a second indictment, for stealing certain goods of Ernest Stanger, and feloniously receiving same, the jury dis
<lb/>agreed. The prosecution now elected not to proceed with this second indictment. A jury having been sworn, and no evidence being offered for the prosecution, a verdict of Not Guilty was entered. The police stated that prisoner had been for some time working with the man Hyman (see p. 192), and had obtained goods and money from a number of people. Prisoner pleaded for leniency; his father would undertake to find him a situation, or he would go to South Africa. (Thursday, April 5.) Released on recognisances of himself and father to come up for judgment if called upon.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>; Wednesday, April 4.</p>
<p>(Before Mr. Justice Lawrence.).</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060402-30">
<interp inst="t19060402-30" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060402"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-30" type="date" value="19060402"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-30-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-19060402 t19060402-30-offence-1 t19060402-30-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-30-19060402" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-30-19060402" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19060402" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19060402" type="surname" value="DULAKE"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19060402" type="given" value="WILLIAM EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-19060402" type="occupation" value="bill-poster"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DULAKE</hi>, William Edward (28, bill-poster)</persName>,
<rs id="t19060402-30-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-30-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-30-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> to
<rs id="t19060402-30-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-30-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-30-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>wounding
<persName id="t19060402-name-133" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-133" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-133" type="surname" value="DULAKE"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-133" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-30-offence-1 t19060402-name-133"/>Ellen Dulake</persName>, with intent to do grievous bodily harm;</rs> to another indictment, for feloniously wounding Ellen Dulake with intent to kill and murder her, prisoner pleaded not guilty, and this was not proceeded with.</p>
<p>Mr. Herman Cohen prosecuted; Mr. Arthur Hutton appeared for prisoner.</p>
<p>Police said that prisoner was a respectable hard-working man, and nothing was known against him. A witness was called to speak of prisoner as a respectable man, of affectionate and peaceable disposition.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19060402-30-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-30-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-30-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-19060402 t19060402-30-punishment-19"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060402-31">
<interp inst="t19060402-31" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060402"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-31" type="date" value="19060402"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-31-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-31-19060402 t19060402-31-offence-1 t19060402-31-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-31-19060402" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-31-19060402" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19060402" type="age" value="49"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19060402" type="surname" value="OSBORNE"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19060402" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-19060402" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OSBORNE</hi>, William (49, labourer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19060402-31-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-31-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-31-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> to
<rs id="t19060402-31-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-31-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-31-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>felo
<lb/>niously wounding
<persName id="t19060402-name-135" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-135" type="surname" value="BLACKMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-135" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-31-offence-1 t19060402-name-135"/>John Blackman</persName>, with intent to do him some grievous bodily harm.</rs> The police gave prisoner a good charac
<lb/>ter as a respectable, hard-working man. He committed the act on finding prosecutor in his wife's bedroom with his coat and vest off. It was stated his employers were willing to take him back in their employ whatever the result of the trial might be.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19060402-31-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-31-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-31-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-31-19060402 t19060402-31-punishment-20"/>14 days' imprisonment</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060402-32">
<interp inst="t19060402-32" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060402"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-32" type="date" value="19060402"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-32-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-32-19060402 t19060402-32-offence-1 t19060402-32-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-32-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-32-19060402 t19060402-32-offence-2 t19060402-32-verdict-2"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-32-19060402" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-32-19060402" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19060402" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19060402" type="surname" value="KEEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19060402" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-19060402" type="occupation" value="ostler"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">KEEN</hi>, Richard (20, ostler)</persName>
<rs id="t19060402-32-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-32-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-32-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>. Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t19060402-name-137" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-137" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-137" type="surname" value="HUTSON"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-137" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-32-offence-1 t19060402-name-137"/>Louisa Hutson</persName>, with intent (1) to kill and murder her, and (2) to do her some grievous bodily harm.</rs> Prisoner
<rs id="t19060402-32-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-32-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-32-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> to the second indictment of
<rs id="t19060402-32-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-32-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-32-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>attempting to kill himself.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020035"/>
<p>Mr. J. F. Vesey Fitzgerald prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-138" type="surname" value="WILLIS"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-138" type="given" value="MATHIAS"/>MATHIAS WILLIS</persName> </hi> (36, Y Reserve). About 10 o'clock on March 5 I was called to 55, Wilberforce Road, and saw the prisoner outside the house. He said, "It is all right. I done it, I stabbed her with a knife. I meant to cut her throat, and I meant doing her in, as she has ruined my life. I meant killing her. I threw the knife away" I at; once took him to Louisa Hutson, the prosecutrix, in the Wilberforce Road. In the presence of the prisoner she said, "I went out to post some letters, and this is what he has done for me," showing me her cheek and her left hand. I said he would have to come to the station, and I took him. At the station the charged him, He made no reply.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-139" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-139" type="surname" value="HUTSON"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-139" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>LOUISA HUTSON</persName> </hi>, domestic servant, employed at 55, Wilber
<lb/>force Road, Stoke Newington. I have known prisoner about six months. I was keeping company with him. I received many letters from prisoner. This one handed to me it the one I received when we broke off our friendship. (Exhibit A.) "No doubt you will be surprised when I tell you that I have found out why you broke off our friendship. All those tales you told me about your mistress burning those letters and making you give me up is nothing but a lot of lies which you told just to hide that dirty crafty action you committed which was to get all you could out of me, and then say you was com
<lb/>pelled to give me up. I knew that you were telling me a lot of lies all the time. You was acting the part of my sweetheart which you acted very good, but I did not say anything them because I loved you, and thinking you loved me which was a mis
<lb/>take, as when you told me that you could not keep company with me you seemed so pleased, which made me make a few inquiries which revealed the true state of affairs. No doubt you did not want me to speak to your brother because I might have found out more than you wanted me to. It is just another instance of what purposes a girl like you can put her ill-natured beauty to. But every dog has its day, and the sooner you have yours the better because I would not like to see other chaps served the same as me and that other sweetheart of your have. When I gave a week's notice Miss Hirst asked me what it was for, so I told her all about it. So she gave me a bit of advice, and it was well for you that I listened to her, or you would have been exploring the depths of hell by now, which it the only place fitted for such as you. I have returned you your photo. As to ever wearing it, I would be insulting my sweet heart, who is more worthy of me than you was. At one time I loved you with all my heart, but when I found out the truth I hated you worse than poison. As I finish this letter I forget that I ever knew you, and I hope that your guilty conscience</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020036"/>
<p>will ever be a burden to you." On March 5, about six weeks after receiving that letter, I went out in the evening to post a letter for my mistress. On my way I saw the prisoner, and crossed over to the other side of the road. On my way back he came over to me and said, "You are just the very one I want." I said, "I must not be a minute," and walked on. He came by my side, and I stopped. I said, "I cannot stop out here all night," and walked on. He caught me up and stabbed me on the left breast, throwing me to the ground, striking me on the back several times. I found I was bleeding from the neck and hands. I produce the bodice I was wearing on that occasion. (Shown to the Jury.) The cuts in the dress were not there when I went to the post. The doctor saw my wounds and attended to them. I was wounded on the left cheek, and have the mark still; I had also one wound on my hand and one on my back, on my left breast, and on my arm. Those are some of the wounds I received. Prisoner asked me if I had had certain letters from him, and I said yes.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by prisoner. I was afraid of you. You had not done anything, but I thought your looks were very peculiar.</p>
<p>By the Court. That was before I gave him up. He did not always look peculiar. I thought he had a bad temper. I had walked out with him for six months.</p>
<p>By prisoner. I had not been walking out with you longer. You used to think I was your sweetheart, but I was not.</p>
<p>By the Court. I told him that my sister said she would not have anything to do with me if I went with him. I made an excuse about my sister. I said my mistress made me burn all his letters, and that she said he was not fit for me. That was another excuse. He always treated me well. He had been working as a groom, with a horse-keeper.</p>
<p>By the prisoner. I did not like to tell you I was frightened of you. I thought you were very nice, because you bought me a fur before I went out with you.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-140" type="surname" value="DURNO"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-140" type="given" value="LESLIE"/>LESLIE DURNO</persName> </hi> Divisional Surgeon, N. Division, saw com
<lb/>plain ant on March 5, about 11 p.m. She was suffering from a deep incised wound, about an inch long, across the left cheek; one abrasion over the left cheekbone; one incised wound over the left side of the neck; one punctured wound on the left side of the scalp; three abrasions on the left wrist; two incised wounds on the left middle finger; one deep incised wound an inch long in the palm of the left hand, near the thumb; nine wounds scattered over the upper part of the back and shoulders, three of which were severe contused wounds, and six punctured wounds of not very great gravity; own incised wounds on the skin of the upper part of the left' arm; and one punctured wound over the left breast, making 22 wounds altogether. The girl was very faint and complained</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020037"/>
<p>a good deal of pain in her back, and I recommended her re
<lb/>moval to the infirmary. The wounds had been recently in
<lb/>flicted, and could have been caused by the knife handed to me. It is a very blunt knife and very great force must have been used; in fact, the blade is bent. I examined her clothes and found several tears and rents, corresponding to the wounds beneath. The wound in the cheek was serious, as also the one on the palm of the hand.</p>
<p>By the Court. Prisoner was suffering from the effect of opium poison when I saw him. He had taken a poisonous dose, and had to be kept walking the whole night to keep him alive.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-141" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-141" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES LEWIS</persName> </hi> 729 N. Division. About 10.15 p.m. on March 5, in consequence of instructions received from. P.C. Willis, I went to Wilberforce Road, and found the handle of a knife, which I produce, on the looping of a wall at 43, Wilberforce Road. The blade was not there. No. 43 is not man £ yards from the post-office where the girl went.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-142" type="surname" value="REEPE"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-142" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED REEPE</persName> </hi>, 132, Fonthill Road, Fins bury Park, 15 years of age. On the night of March 5 I found this knife-blade (pro
<lb/>duced), with bloodstains on it, in the Wilberforce Road. It was then as it is now.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-143" type="surname" value="DIPLOCK"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-143" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED DIPLOCK</persName> </hi> (P.C. 39 N.). This knife-blade was handed to me at 55, Wilberforce Road, on the early morning of March 6, and I took it to the station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-144" type="surname" value="HIRST"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-144" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD HIRST</persName> </hi>, 10, Hampden Road, Hornsey, contractor. Prisoner was in my father's employ about two years, up to the time he was arrested. I recognise this knife before me. I am not sure whether it has been cleaned. It was rusty when I saw it last. This piece was broken, but the handle was not broken, so far as I know. I saw it last about a week or a fort
<lb/>night before March 5. I handed it to prisoner, with knives of all kinds, some of them heavy, to clean.</p>
<p>By the Court. Prisoner was very steady and punctual.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-145" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-145" type="surname" value="HIRST"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-145" type="given" value="LIZZIE"/>LIZZIE HIRST</persName> </hi>, 285, Green Lanes, spinster. Prisoner was in my father's employ, and about the end of January he told me he wanted to speak to my father, to give notice to leave. I asked him why he wanted to leave. For some time he would not tell me, but at length he said he had been keeping company with Louisa Hutson, and Mrs. Munro, her mistress, had put a stop to the acquaintance. He assured me he had done nothing to cause her to do so. I told him it was a very silly tiling to give up his situation, and that, if he waited till July, in all probability, if the girl was sincere towards him, he would be able to have her without anybody interfering at all. He had told me her time was up with her mistress in July. I advised him to wait and forget his troubles for the time being, and he said he would try to get on with his work and wait till July</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020038"/>
<p>came along. I wanted to know whether the girl was sincere towards him, and he gave me a letter from her, which indicated that she was very infatuated with him. A fortnight afterwards I asked him,"Are you feeling better, Dick?" and he said, "I'm pretty well now, miss, but I have discovered that Louisa Hutton has acted very deceitfully towards me, and I don't want to have anything more to do with her at all." He said she was a "wrong 'un."</p>
<p>By the Court. During the last fortnight before this hap
<lb/>pened he used to forget things. He has been with us two years this June, and has always been punctual and thoroughly honest and straightforward—a good servant.</p>
<p>By Prisoner. You were ill a week before this. You seemed very depressed and thoroughly upset, and I thought it best for you to go home, and I sent you home that day to see if you could cheer yourself up and pull yourself together.</p>
<p>By the Court He was upset because he had been deceived, and had spent all his money and given the girl no end of pre
<lb/>sents, and she had acted thoroughly wrong towards him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-146" type="surname" value="SHARP"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-146" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT SHARP</persName> </hi> (Detective-sergeant, N Division). I was on duty at the station at 11 p.m. on March 5. While Dr. Durno was dressing prosecutrix's wounds on the face she kept com
<lb/>plaining of pains in the back, and prisoner, who was sitting at the table, said, "Tell the doctor to be sure to examine her back, because that is where I have stabbed her." Shortly afterwards he commenced to vomit, and I said."What is the matter with you?" He said, "I am very bad; I have taken some poison. I had six-penn'orth of laudanum. I drank that after I had stabbed her." Shortly afterwards, when the doctor came into the charge-room, he asked whether the wounds were dangerous, and the doctor said, "No, none of them were dangerous." Pri
<lb/>soner said, "Thank God for that!"</p>
<p>Prisoners statement before the magistrate."I do not under
<lb/>stand half that has been said."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-147" type="surname" value="KEEN"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-147" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD KEEN</persName> </hi> (prisoner, not on oath). A few days after I had spoken to my mistress about Mrs. Munro stopping me going with Louie, I met Louie and she passed right by me. She would not look at me, and she made me very wild. When I got home I sat at the table and thought of these different things—the way she had spoken to me when she threw me over, and all the things that had happened, and I wrote that letter. I can explain anything that I wrote. She told me her mistress used to keep her in late so that she could not meet me. As her mistress had told her I would make a nice sweet heart for her if I did not go too far I thought that must be lies. Then she said her sister said she would have no more to do with her if she did not break off acquaintance with me. I thought to myself,"Her sister has never seen me yet." I told Louie that when she said her sister said I was not fit for her.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020039"/>
<p>She said she had shown her my photo, and she thought I was very ugly and not a fit companion for her. The threats in the letter were only said to frighten her. I never thought of doing anything. Then I kept brooding and thinking of it, and I was run down in health and strength, and hardly knew what I was doing after that. I gave up all my friends and everything just on purpose to be with her. I should like to call Louie's sister—I do not know her name—to ask her why she said I was not fit to be with her.</p>
<p>(Evidence for defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MRS. ALLEN</hi>, sister of prosecutrix, examined by Prisoner. I did not tell Louie that you were not fit to be with her. I said I did not care about the appearance of the photo. (Photo represented prisoner in boxing attitude.) I wanted to see you to find whether you were a fit young man for her to keep com
<lb/>pany with. All I said against you was that I did not like the appearance of the photo—the position. I did not say I would have nothing more to do with her if she went on with you.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MRS. KEEN</hi>, prisoner's mother. He once had a terrible blow on the head, and when he loses his temper it seems to be more than he can do to control himself. I produce a letter from prosecutrix to him, before the acquaintance was broken off. (Letter stated she hoped to see him in the best of health, at she was at present, and that she was his fondest loving sweetheart, Louisa. In a postscript she said she was going to a party.' and that she stall loved him.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19060402-32-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-32-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-32-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>Guilty on second count, of intent to do grievous bodily harm, in an uncontrollable fit of temper and excite
<lb/>ment.</rs> Sentence,
<rs id="t19060402-32-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-32-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-32-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-32-19060402 t19060402-32-punishment-21"/>Four months' hard labour</rs>;
<rs id="t19060402-32-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-32-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-32-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-32-19060402 t19060402-32-punishment-22"/>one month for attempted suicide; to run concurrently.</rs> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>; Wednesday, April 4.</p>
<p>(Before Mr. Recorder.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060402-33">
<interp inst="t19060402-33" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060402"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-33" type="date" value="19060402"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-33-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-19060402 t19060402-33-offence-1 t19060402-33-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-33-19060402" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-33-19060402" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19060402" type="age" value="44"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19060402" type="surname" value="PLEYOULT"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19060402" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-19060402" type="occupation" value="master mariner"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PLEYOULT</hi>, George (44, master mariner)</persName>
<rs id="t19060402-33-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-33-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-33-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>. Indicted under Section 27 of the Forgery Act, 1861, with feloniously forging and uttering, with intent to defraud, a document intended to be used as evidence in the High Court of Justice, purporting to be a certified copy of a foreign telegram, on March 13, 1906.</rs>
<rs id="t19060402-33-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-33-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-33-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>Prisoner pleaded guilty of uttering.</rs> To a second indictment for a similar offence on another date, prisoner pleaded not guilty.</p>
<p>Mr. Arthur Hutton prosecuted; Mr. Charles Mathews ap
<lb/>peared for prisoner.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020040"/>
<p>The case having been shortly opened by Mr. Hutton, Mr. Mathews pointed out that prisoner had never used the docu
<lb/>ment in question to deceive a court of justice (the real mischief
<lb/>aimed at by the section); in fact, he had not used it at all; and that no harm had been done to anyone but prisoner him
<lb/>self. He had had a long and successful career in the mer
<lb/>chant service. If his lordship could take a lenient view of this matter, and treat the offence as of a stupid rather than a cri
<lb/>minal character, prisoner could within a few days get command of a ship, and would no doubt retain the admirable reputation he had always held in his profession.</p>
<p>Without calling for the evidence as to character tendered by Mr. Mathews,
<rs id="t19060402-33-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-33-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-33-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-19060402 t19060402-33-punishment-23"/>the Recorder said this was clearly a case in which he was justified in releasing the prisoner on his own recognisances in £100 to appear and receive sentence if called upon.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060402-34">
<interp inst="t19060402-34" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060402"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-34" type="date" value="19060402"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-34-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-34-19060402 t19060402-34-offence-1 t19060402-34-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-34-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-34-19060402 t19060402-34-offence-1 t19060402-34-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-34-19060402" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-34-19060402" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19060402" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19060402" type="surname" value="CAMPBELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19060402" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-19060402" type="occupation" value="stevedore"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CAMPBELL</hi>, Frederick (27, stevedore)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-34-19060402" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-34-19060402" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-34-19060402" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def2-34-19060402" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def2-34-19060402" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def2-34-19060402" type="occupation" value="painter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SMITH</hi>, Henry (otherwise
<rs id="t19060402-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-34-19060402 t19060402-alias-1"/>Marler</rs>), (31, painter)</persName>.
<rs id="t19060402-34-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-34-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-34-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>Feloniously stealing a rubber mat and feloniously receiving same.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. T. R. Sydenham-Jones prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-151" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-151" type="given" value="CONRAD MCINTOSH"/>CONRAD MCINTOSH BROWN</persName> </hi>, traveler to George Robert Brown, 3, Jewry Square. The mat in question was safe in our premises at 1.30 p.m. on March 20; it was missed about quarter to two; Mann and I went out after it; we caught prisoners in Crutched Friars. Campbell was carrying the mat in a sack; Mann said to him,"You have got our mat "; he immediately dropped it, and said he would not run away; Smith ran away; he was (pursued and captured. The mat produced is our mat; it has our name on it; it is worth about 35s.</p>
<p>To Campbell. You did tell me that the other prisoner had given you the mat to carry; you waited with me while Smith was chased; you went voluntarily to the station.</p>
<p>To Smith. I never saw you with the mat; you ran away.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-152" type="surname" value="MANN"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-152" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM MANN</persName> </hi>, warehouseman to G. R. Brown. I went with last witness, and came up with prisoners in Crutched Friars. Campbell was carrying the mat, Smith walking by his side. Campbell dropped the mat and said, "I shan't run away "; he stopped; Smith ran away.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-153" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-153" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS WILLIAMS</persName> </hi> (City Police, 767). I was in Crutched Frairs on March 20. I saw one of the prisoners, I cannot say which, drop the mat. Smith ran away towards Savage Gar
<lb/>dens. I followed him and caught him up in Trinity Square and arrested him. On being charged at the station he said, "I was not carrying the mat, the other man was carrying it." Campbell made no reply. Before the magistrate each prisoner said, "I wish to say nothing."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CAMPBELL</hi> (prisoner, on oath). I have been living at a com
<lb/>mon lodging-house, 37, Stepney Causeway. Smith was a stran
<lb/>ger</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020041"/>
<p>to me up to Sunday, March 18, when I met him at a night shelter. I next met him on Tuesday, 20th, in Stepney Cause
<lb/>way; I told him I was doing no work; I agreed to go for a walk with him. He said he could put me in the way of earning a shilling, as he had a lot of experience at rubber mats and one thing and another. When we came to this warehouse he made a rush in and told me to wait outside. In a few seconds he came out with a parcel wrapped up in some canvass sacking, and told me to put it on my shoulder and follow him. He was walking a short way in front of me, when I was tapped on the shoulder by Mann. Mann said, "What are you doing with my mat?" I said, "Is this yours? This man has just given me a job to carry it for him. I told him I would remain with him while Smith was captured, as he ran away almost directly. I stopped till then and went to the station with Mann. There I was charged, not with stealing, but with being concerned.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I saw Smith go into the place and come out with the parcel. I never thought of looking at it. I did not know it was a mat at the time.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SMITH</hi> (prisoner, on oath). I have no fixed abode; I am a painter and decorator. The other chap and I went out on the Tuesday morning to look for work. When we got to this place the mat was at the door rolled in a sack. I picked it up and put it on Campbell's shoulder. He saw me pick it up; he offered no objection, and we both walked away. Campbell knew every bit as much about it as I did.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CAMPBELL</hi>. This man was an utter stranger to me up to that Sunday morning, and I have been in no way connected with him or with bad company. I have never been placed in the dock before. I did not know his real intentions.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19060402-34-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-34-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-34-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>guilty</rs>. Police proved a number of convictions against Smith, mostly for stealing rubber door mats; nothing known against Campbell. Sentence: Smith,
<rs id="t19060402-34-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-34-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-34-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-34-19060402 t19060402-34-punishment-24"/>18 months' hard labour</rs>; Campbell,
<rs id="t19060402-34-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-34-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-34-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-34-19060402 t19060402-34-punishment-25"/>9 months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060402-35">
<interp inst="t19060402-35" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060402"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-35" type="date" value="19060402"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-35-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-35-19060402 t19060402-35-offence-1 t19060402-35-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-35-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-35-19060402 t19060402-35-offence-1 t19060402-35-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-35-19060402" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-35-19060402" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19060402" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19060402" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19060402" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-19060402" type="occupation" value="tinsmith"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MOORE</hi>, George (22, tinsmith)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-35-19060402" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-35-19060402" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-35-19060402" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def2-35-19060402" type="surname" value="HYAMS"/>
<interp inst="def2-35-19060402" type="given" value="GEORGE THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def2-35-19060402" type="occupation" value="hawker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HYAMS</hi>, George Thomas (21, hawker)</persName>
<rs id="t19060402-35-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-35-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-35-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>. Both feloniously causing grievous bodily harm to
<persName id="t19060402-name-156" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-156" type="surname" value="SEPE"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-156" type="given" value="RAPHAEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-35-offence-1 t19060402-name-156"/>Raphael Sepe</persName>, with intent to maim and dis
<lb/>able him, and to do him grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Greenfield prosecuted; Mr. Wilfrid Ford ham defended Hyams.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-157" type="surname" value="MENALLS"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-157" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH MENALLS</persName> </hi> (through an interpreter), 14, Clifton Terrace, Holloway, an Italian, ice-cream and baked potato vendor, was in Fonthill Road with his baked potato barrow on March 7 about 11.30. Sepe was with me, also with a barrow. We were wheeling them along the road. Some men came along and threw over my barrow. I identify the prisoners as of the party. The shafts struck me on the leg. I pulled out the piece of iron I use for forking up the fire and ran after the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020042"/>
<p>men. On seeing me with it Hyams ran away. They did not strike me and I did not strike them. I simply wanted to know why they had turned over my barrow. I did not see them following Sepe. While I was turning round I received a blow at the back of the head which felled me to the ground. Hyams struck that blow. When I got up I whistled. They all ran away and got round my friend. Some of them threw over his barrow, and the others struck him in the eye. I could not see for certain who it was, but one of these two threw the barrow over. The two standing in the dock are those that threw the barrow over. I cannot say who struck my friend in the eye.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I was not close enough to see which one struck him in the eye. There were 12 or 15 men. I forgot to say at the police court that they were all acting together and had their belts in their hands. I had never seen any of them before. It was at the same time that they overturned the barrow that they asked me for potatoes. There were so many there with their belts that I took out my poker. I simply waved it round and round to frighten them. They struck me three or four times with their belts. I did not wish to strike them as I was afraid of getting; into trouble. Sepe had not stopped. He was still going along towards home with his barrow. He was some distance away. I was walking back
<lb/>wards and looking out that they did not strike me.</p>
<p>Re-examined. No sooner was Sepe struck than he cried out, and I then rushed towards him, and then ran after the men and called a policeman.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-158" type="surname" value="SEPE"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-158" type="given" value="RAPHAEL"/>RAPHAEL SEPE</persName> </hi> (through an interpreter), 14, Clifton Terrace, Holloway, baked potato vendor. About half past eleven on March 7 I was pushing my barrow in Fonthill Road. I was with my friend Menalls. He was going on in front A young fellow came up and said "Stop, stop." He was followed by a band of 10 to 15 other fellows. They first upset my friend's barrow. The prisoner nearest to me (Hyams) was with them. Seeing things were turning out badly I pushed my barrow along and tried to escape. While I was doing so I felt a sudden severe blow in the eye, and turning round at once I saw this man immediately behind me. The other prisoner (Moore) caught hold of the barrow and turned it over. I called out "I am murdered," and my friend called for the police. My eye was bleeding. The men ran away. My friend and myself followed them, and the police came up from the other side and stopped them. I charged them with assaulting me. I was taken to the hospital, and my eye has had to be removed. Also the other eye is lost; I cannot see.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. There were 10 or 15 men round the bar
<lb/>row, but that man was the leader of the band. They were all round my friend first, and I then tried to escape. Only these two followed me. I said before the magistrate,"They</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020043"/>
<p>stopped me and surrounded me, and all at once I felt a blow in the left eye." That is quite true. They were all round me at first, but I tried to get away. When I felt the blow and looked round there were only those two. The others were 10 or 12 yards away from me, and when I cried out,"I am mur
<lb/>dered," they took to flight. Only those two were captured by the police. I felt very severely hurt by the blow, and put my finger in the hole which was made. I saw with the other eye quite well. I received a blow in a treacherous manner from behind. I did not see anything in his hand, as I at once put my hand to my eye. I have been for nearly 11 years in Holloway Road and Seven Sisters Road, and round there, and I have seen that man very often. I have never had a quarrel with him or done any wrong to him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-159" type="surname" value="WILLIS"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-159" type="given" value="MATHIAS"/>MATHIAS WILLIS</persName> </hi>, 36 Y Reserve. I beard this disturbance at 11.30 on March 7, when on duty in the Seven Sifters Road. I heard a cry of "Police" and heard a whistle. I saw the two prisoners in front of a crowd of people running. They turned into St. Thomas's Road. I lost sight of them there. From what I learned I went back and saw Hyams come out of the front garden of 3, St. Thomas's Road. I arrested him. He said, "What's up?. I have just been seeing my wife. She is very heavy in the family way. I do not know anything about the job. I do not know what you have got me for." Then Moore came up and said to Hyams,"You know nothing about me, do you? I am a stranger to you." Hyams said, "Yes. I saw all this and got pinched for helping a man out of trouble." Then Menalls and Sepe came up and said, "These are the two men." Both of them together said that. Sepe said, "Those are the men." They spoke a little English, and I understood what they said. I said, "Do you hear that? I will take you to the station." When charged they said they knew nothing about the job.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. The whole crowd of young fellows were running away following these two who were leading. I am on duty in the neighbourhood, but I did not know any of them. From what I heard I went back and saw Hyams coming out of the front garden, and, looking very suspicious, I detained him I did not arrest him when he was running away; I lost sight of him. Somebody else arrested Moore. When prosecutor and his friend came up I had both men in custody and nobody else. The only men the Italians saw in custody were those two When they saw them they said, "That is the one that has done it." I know nothing about Hyams. He has never been in trouble of any sort before, and is a perfectly respectable man of his class, so far as I know. I know nothing about any of them.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020044"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>, Thursday, April 5.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-160" type="surname" value="GATER"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-160" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED GATER</persName> </hi> (P.C. 158 Y). I arrested Hyams on March 7. On the way to the station he said that his wife asked him to go and buy a potato. When he got close to the man a gang of roughs threw the can over. He said, "That is the worst of mixing up with the Campbell Road gang; they always get you into trouble." He was taken to the station and charged. He said nothing else that I heard.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I arrested Hyams about 20 minutes after the prosecutor was injured. At that time he had no weapon about him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-161" type="surname" value="BULGER"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-161" type="given" value="MICHAEL JOSEPH"/>MICHAEL JOSEPH BULGER</persName> </hi>, Divisional Surgeon, Y Division. I saw the injured man soon after 12 on the night of March 7. He was suffering from a severe contusion and black eye. The eyelids were very swollen, and on raising the eyelids I found the eye was collapsed. I ordered his immediate removal to the hospital, and he was taken there. His eye has since been removed. He said the sight of his other eye has always been defective. Apart from that, there is always a probability of sympathetic ophthalmia setting in. The removal of the eye was with a view to preventing that. The injury could not have been done with the fist. I thought it was the buckle of a belt drawn across the eye.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. There was no other mark across his fore
<lb/>head or the lower part of his face. The buckle of a belt could come round from behind and catch him on the eye. He could not have got that blow from behind with a stick or anything like that. The blow must have caused intense pain at the moment. He would have been dazed.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-162" type="surname" value="MENALLS"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-162" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH MENALLS</persName> </hi> recalled by the Court. There were five or six disorderly youths when they overturned the barrow. The others had already run away. There were 12 or 15 at first. Three or four had belts in their hands, as they struck out at me. I did not notice whether Hyams or Moore had belts. I was protecting my face.</p>
<p>By Mr. Fordham. The belts were something like those policemen wear, with large buckles. They were not so large as P.C. Willis's belt, shown to me. They were smaller and squarer.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-163" type="surname" value="WILLIS"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-163" type="given" value="MATHIAS"/>MATHIAS WILLIS</persName> </hi> recalled. When Hyams was taken to the station he had a belt round his waist, what I call a girth belt, with two or three very small buckles at the end, generally worn by horse-keepers, to keep his trousers up. He had braces on as well. He had been in the garden, and had had time to get rid of a belt if he had used it for a bad purpose. I have not got the bolt that he wore.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-164" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-164" type="surname" value="NORMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-164" type="given" value="GEORGE PERCY"/>GEORGE PERCY NORMAN</persName> </hi>, house-surgeon at the Great Northern Hospital. The injured man was brought to hospital on the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020045"/>
<p>evening of March 7. He was suffering from a ruptured eye
<lb/>ball and his eye had to be removed. The operation was for the purpose of preventing sympathetic ophthalmia in the other eye, and we hope it will do so. Some force must have been used to cause the injury. It might have been done by a man's fist, but it is rather unlikely. It is more likely to have been done by the buckle of a belt.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-165" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-165" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-165" type="surname" value="WILLIS"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-165" type="given" value="MATHIAS"/>MATHIAS WILLIS</persName> </hi>, recalled. Cross-examined by Mr. Ford
<lb/>ham. Hyams has been in custody ever since I arrested him, and has not been out on bail. I saw braces on that night. So far as I know, if he had braces on then they must be with the prison authorities or else they are on him now. I am not prepared to swear he had braces on, but I think I saw them.</p>
<p>By the Court. If his only means of supporting his clothing was this belt and he had no braces on, his trousers would have
<lb/>fallen if he had taken his belt off. I will not be quite positive he had braces on, but I went through the ordinary routine and. took it the braces were there.</p>
<p>By the Jury. I did not see any bloodstains on the belt.</p>
<p>(Evidence for the defence.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-166" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-166" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-166" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE MOORE</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I am a cycle-maker. I have been out of employment for 13 weeks, I had been drink
<lb/>ing with Hyams and his wife on the night of March 7. We had had three glasses. I had struck an acquaintance with him the night previous. We came out of the public-house about 11.30, and I bade them good-night with the intention, of going home. I crossed the road to a urinal at the side of a large public-house, and on coming out I saw the police and the Italians running down the road towards Fins bury Park. They ran past me on the other side of the road. A few minutes after I saw a large crowd of people collected at the corner of the street just under the arch. I stayed at the coffee-stall drink
<lb/>ing a cup of tea, and a few yards from the urinal. I heard somebody say there was a row on; I looked down the road, and then went to the corner of St. Thomas's Road, about 50 yards away. I made my way to the centre of the crowd, and taw Hyams there in charge of the constable. I was surprised, and went up to him and asked him what he was being looked up for. I do not think Hyams replied at all. There was so much row and shouting I did not hear at all. P.C. Willis asked me what I knew about it. I said, "I know nothing about this at all," and I asked Hyams to say whether I did or whether I didn't He said I knew nothing at all about it. The constable said, "Then you had better come too," meaning to the station, and I was taken there and charged. I saw nothing of the injured Italian until he came to the station. I was charged with' being concerned with Hyams in assaulting the prosecutor. I denied the charge.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020046"/>
<p>Cross-examined. I saw no men with belts, and have no knowledge how the prosecutor's injury was caused. Sepe might have said that Hyams did it, and that "They were both there." It was in St. Thomas's Road he said that I did not hear Sepe say it there. I heard it at the station. I did not hear Sepe say at any time,"Hyams did it, and you were there." The man never accused me of it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-167" type="surname" value="HYAMS"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-167" type="given" value="GEORGE THOMAS"/>GEORGE THOMAS HYAMS</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I am a hawker, and have been a soldier in the 2nd Royal West Kent. I left on February 6, 1904, having been in the army five years and nine months. I was one year and nine months in South Africa, going out with the first lot of troops. No criminal charge of any sort or kind has been made against me before. I was discharged from the the Army with a good character. I am not in the Reserve. I got invalided from India for epileptic fits. I got a shilling a day, and they sent me up a letter to go before the Board of Inquiry at Chelsea Hospital to try to get it extended for life. On the night of March 7 me and my wife and Moore came out of the "Favourite" public-house at about 11.30. That is at the bottom of Fonthill Road. My wife saw the Italians going towards home with their baked potato cans. I had never seen them before in my life. I have only been in the neighbourhood about 11 weeks. My wife asked me to buy her a potato. I said "All right," and went up to the Italian, Menalls, and asked him for two baked potatoes, so that we could have one each. He turned round and told me he didn't have any baked potatoes. I said, "All right." I went on to the kerb again with my wife, and stood there talking to her. The Italian got into his barrow and walked up the street again. Moore turned round and said to me,"Well. George, I must see about going home." I said, "All right." We shook hands. He said, "I'll see yon to-morrow." I said, "All right." He left me to go home. I stood still talking on the kerb with my wife. Moore had left me two or three minutes, when the two Italians came running towards me each with a poker in his hand. They rushed to me, going to hit me over the head with it, and I bobbed down. They might have killed me if they had caught me. I turned round to see if they had hap
<lb/>pened to hit my wife with the poker, and they went to hit me again. I ran away, because I did not wish to get murdered by Italians with pokers. They followed me, shouting "Police." I do not know if Sepe had received the injury at that time. I did not notice the man's eye, because I was excited to get out of the way of the poker. I do not know anything whatever about the affair. I have no braces on. (Witness unfastened his coat and waistcoat to prove his statement.)</p>
<p>By the Court. I have been in custody ever since March 7. This belt is the one I keep my trousers up with. If I took it off my trousers would come down. It is not a canvas belt; it is</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020047"/>
<p>a paddy, which I was served out with when in Africa. I made it into a belt. I never took the belt off on that night. I could run with it off if I held my trousers up, but not rapidly.</p>
<p>By Mr. Fordham. I have never taken off my belt to use it as a weapon.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I saw no policeman when I was running. I ran into St. Thomas's Road and into a garden to save myself being murdered by Italians with pokers. They were running after me. I was by myself; Moore was not with me. It was not the garden of the house where I live. When Moore came up to me he said, "What's the matter, George?" I said, "The policeman says he is going to take me into custody for fighting with Italians." I turned round to the policeman and said, "I know nothing about the affair whatever. I have just left my wife. All I know is that two Italians were going to strike me with pokers, which caused me to run away. I ran into a garden to prevent myself being murdered with pokers." Moore said to me,"You know nothing about me, George." I said, "No, not that I know of. I left you about three minutes before the Italians came up to strike me over the head with pokers." P.C. Willis is wrong when he says that Sepe pointed me out as the man, who had struck him in the eye and Moore as being with me at the time he was struck. Sepe did not say that I struck him, and that Moore was with me. I do not know what remarks the Italians made to the policeman. I could not understand their broken English. I did not see any men with belts. I had quite enough to do to look after myself and my wife. I have no idea how the injury was caused at all.</p>
<p>By the Court. I was outside the "Favourite" public-house, and know nothing about the men hustling the Italians and upsetting their barrows.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-168" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-168" type="surname" value="BULGER"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-168" type="given" value="MICHAEL JOSEPH"/>MICHAEL JOSEPH BULGER</persName> </hi>, Divisional Surgeon, Y Division (recalled). I saw the belt Hyams took off. In my opinion that belt is not likely to cause the injury to the prosecutor, because the contusion he had in his eye was very severe, and the belt is quite soft and there is no prong to tear the eye.</p>
<p>Verdict,
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<interp inst="t19060402-35-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-35-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>Not guilty</rs>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>, Wednesday, April 4.</p>
<p>(Before the Common Serjeant)</p>
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<p>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">HOWELL</hi>, George (32, clerk)</persName>,
<rs id="t19060402-36-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
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<interp inst="t19060402-36-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> to
<rs id="t19060402-36-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-36-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-36-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t19060402-name-170" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-170" type="surname" value="CHANNER"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-170" type="given" value="LUTHER JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-36-offence-1 t19060402-name-170"/>Luther James Channer</persName> a banker's cheque for £15 15s.; from
<persName id="t19060402-name-171" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-171" type="surname" value="BERGIN"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-171" type="given" value="ARTHUR ALFRED"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-36-offence-1 t19060402-name-171"/>Arthur Alfred Bergin</persName> a banker's cheque for £14 14s.; from
<persName id="t19060402-name-172" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-172" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-172" type="surname" value="STUNT"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-172" type="given" value="PERCY TILDEN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-36-offence-1 t19060402-name-172"/>Percy Tilden Stunt</persName> a banker's cheque for £7 14s.; from
<persName id="t19060402-name-173" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-173" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-173" type="surname" value="FLINDERS"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-173" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-36-offence-1 t19060402-name-173"/>John Flinders</persName> the sum of £19 19s., and from
<persName id="t19060402-name-174" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-174" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-174" type="surname" value="CADANY"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-174" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-36-offence-1 t19060402-name-174"/>Thomas Cadany</persName> the sum of £22 1s., in each case with intent to defraud; having been entrusted by the said persons with the said banker's cheques and money for a specific purpose did fraudulently convert the same to his own use and benefit.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020048"/>
<p>Mr. Charles Mathews, Mr. Bodkin, and Mr. Arnold Ward prosecuted.</p>
<p>Prisoner, according to the statement of counsel, had been employed as a bandsman on the Union-Castle steamer Walmer Castle, and when he returned from South Africa on February 24 he proceeded to the Bedford Hotel, when he issued the following advertisement "Required for South Africa, smart, healthy young man as manager for gents.' outfitting store. Good salary. Excellent prospects for suitable man." Prisoner represented to applicants that he was agent for a firm of out-fitters in Durban, with branch establishments throughout the colony, and showed an agreement, under which applicants were to receive £25 per month to start with, rising to £35. As to the passage money, (prisoner represented that he had an arrange
<lb/>ment with Messrs. Donald, Currie and Co. for a rebate on the fares, which, however, had to be paid in advance. In this way he obtained the sums mentioned in the indictment.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t19060402-36-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-36-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-36-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-36-19060402 t19060402-36-punishment-26"/>Twelve months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-37-19060402" type="age" value="48"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19060402" type="surname" value="AUWERA"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19060402" type="given" value="MICHEL LOUIS VAN DER"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-19060402" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">AUWERA</hi>, Michel Louis Van der (48, clerk)</persName>,
<rs id="t19060402-37-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-37-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-37-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> to
<rs id="t19060402-37-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-37-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-37-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t19060402-name-176" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-176" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-176" type="surname" value="BARNETT"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-176" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-37-offence-1 t19060402-name-176"/>Mary Barnett</persName> the sum of £2 3s., from
<persName id="t19060402-name-177" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-177" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-177" type="given" value="CHARLES ALBERT AUGUSTUS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-37-offence-1 t19060402-name-177"/>Charles Albert Augustus Wood</persName> £2 12s., from
<persName id="t19060402-name-178" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-178" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-178" type="surname" value="COOPER"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-178" type="given" value="ALICE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-37-offence-1 t19060402-name-178"/>Alice Cooper</persName> £1 8s., and from
<persName id="t19060402-name-179" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-179" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-179" type="surname" value="PULLING"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-179" type="given" value="ELISHA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-37-offence-1 t19060402-name-179"/>Elisha Pulling</persName> a banker's cheque, value £1 18s., in each case with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. R. D. Muir prosecuted; Mr. Ernest Head appeared for prisoner.</p>
<p>Prisoner, when living at 94, Camden Street, Camden Town, in 1905, went to Miss Barnett (otherwise known as sister Daniel), the lady superior of the Marie Convent at Peckham, and stated that he had a daughter at a Protestant school, whom he was exceedingly anxious to place in a convent, He obtained a list of fees, and a few days later called with a cheque £2 3s. in excess of the fees required and obtained from the lady that amount upon a forged cheque. Thirty-seven similar frauds upon schools, colleges, and charitable institutions have been traced to prisoner. The forged cheques were in a form sold in books in France and Belgium In Belgium he has been convicted four times for fraud and twice for forgery, and in respect of his last conviction in April, 1903, extradition pro
<lb/>ceedings are pending.</p>
<p>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-37-19060402 t19060402-37-punishment-27"/>Twelve months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<p>
<persName id="def1-38-19060402" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-38-19060402" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19060402" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19060402" type="surname" value="HAMILTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19060402" type="given" value="PERCY"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-19060402" type="occupation" value="commission agent"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HAMILTON</hi>, Percy (27, commission agent)</persName>
<rs id="t19060402-38-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-38-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-38-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/>, stealing two rings, the goods of
<persName id="t19060402-name-181" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-181" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-181" type="surname" value="LONSDALE"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-181" type="given" value="WILLIAM PRATT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-38-offence-1 t19060402-name-181"/>William Pratt Lonsdale</persName>, and feloniously receiving same.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Lyne prosecuted.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020049"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-182" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-182" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-182" type="surname" value="LONSDALE"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-182" type="given" value="WILLIAM PRATT"/>WILLIAM PRATT LONSDALE</persName> </hi> I am porter at the Bristol Hotel, Cork Street. On February 21, at about a quarter to four, I let the barmaid have the rings. I was on duty at the door near which we have a little bar. One of the customers came in, and the barmaid said, "Let Arthur have a look at the rings." I put them on the counter in front of the gentleman and the bar
<lb/>maid. I went outside, as I thought there was a cab coming up. I was standing on the steps, and prisoner came through the large bar into the small bar. In about a minute he rushed out with his hand like this (indicating). He said, "I am all right now," and ran round the corner. I thought it rather strange. The gentleman afterwards came out and said prisoner had got the rings. I' would not believe it at first. The rings were in a case, which prisoner left behind. Their value was £5. On 23rd prisoner drove up, to the Bristol in a cab, and I said to him,"What about those two rings you stole the other day!" He said, "What rings?" I replied,"The two rings that you stole from the small bar when the gentleman was looking at them." He said, "Why don't you get me looked up then?" and fetched a policeman. I told him I would see further about it, and the policeman went away. I communicated with the police on Saturday, the 24th, and about a fortnight afterwards saw prisoner in custody at Vine Street.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. I cannot say you seemed surprised at what I said; you had a cunning look on your face, that is all.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-183" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-183" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-183" type="surname" value="ATTENBOROUGH"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-183" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE ATTENBOROUGH</persName> </hi>, assistant pawnbroker, 79, Wardour Street. I recognise the rings which were brought to the shop on February 21 and pawned for £2 10s. in the name of P. Milton, 6, Park Lane.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. I cannot swear it was you who pawned the rings.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SERGEANT BURTON</hi>, C Division. On March 8 I had prisoner in custody at Vine Street Station, and charged him with stealing the rings on February 21 at the Bristol Hotel. He said, "I thought they were the old gentleman's. I pledged them about ten minutes afterwards at Brooks, in Wardour Street, for, £2 10s. To prosecutor he subsequently said "I did not know they were yours or I would have redeemed them and brought them back."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-184" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-184" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-184" type="surname" value="CATFORD"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-184" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR CATFORD</persName> </hi>, Granville Road, Finchley. On February 21 I was in the small bar of the Bristol Hotel when prosecutor brought in the rings, observing,"These are something very nice. Have a look at them." While I was looking at them somebody came into the bar, put his hand over my shoulder, and took them out of my hand. The next thing I heard was the case snapped, and somebody said, "Put this into your pocket, old man, or else you will lose them." The young lady behind the bar said, "Just let me have that will you," and when she</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020050"/>
<p>opened the case the things were gone. I went out to the hall porter and said, "William, he has taken the rings, I believe."</p>
<p>To Prisoner. I stated at Marlborough Street I did not recol
<lb/>lect having seen you before. I did not hand you the rings. I had no conversation with you, and you did not ask me to lend you some money.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-185" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-185" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-185" type="surname" value="LINE"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-185" type="given" value="LILY"/>LILY LINE</persName> </hi>, barmaid, Bristol Hotel. On the afternoon of February 21 I asked the porter to show Mr. Catford the rings, and as I was serving the drinks Mr. Hamilton came in and Catford showed him them. As he was looking at them he suddenly closed the case and gave it back. I did not see any
<lb/>thing taken. Hamilton then went out. I said, "May I see?" Catford opened the case, and it was empty.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. You did not snatch the rings. You took them and looked at them under the light Catford handed you the rings in the ordinary manner. You told Catford to put the case in his pocket and take care of them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PRISONER</hi> (not on oath). On the afternoon of Wednesday, February 21, I went into the small bar of the Bristol Hotel, and there saw Arthur Catford in conversation with the bar
<lb/>maid, to whom he was showing the rings. I said, "May I have a look at them?" and he handed me the rings. I then ordered a drink. I said quietly to him,"Could you lend me £3?" and he said, "No; see what you can get on these." I took the rings in my hand, handed him back the empty case, and said, "You had better put that in your pocket." With that I left the bar, and going out I had the two rings in my hand. I said to the porter, who knows me and knows my name,"I am all right now," and showed him the two rings. I then went to Brooks in Wardour Street where they lent me 50s. on them. On the Saturday afternoon I drove up to the Bristol Hotel in a cab to see Catford, intending to give him 50s. and the ticket, and tell him what had transpired. Immediately on arriving the porter caught hold of me and said, "You cannot go. Where are those rings you stole of me?" I was naturally surprised, and said, "I do not know what rings you refer to." He then said, "I am going to lock you up." I said, "If you are going to give me into custody I will fetch you a policeman." I found a policeman in Bond Street, and returned with him to the hotel, when the porter refused to charge me. Until the day of my arrest, about a fortnight afterwards, I was con
<lb/>tinually in the neighbourhood of the Bristol Hotel and about the West End. I only knew Catford by the name of Arthur. I stated at Vine Street Station that I pawned the rings for 50s., and if I had known them to be the porter's property I should not have taken them. I wish to say there was no in
<lb/>tention of theft at all. If Catford does not remember speaking to me he would not remember telling me to pledge the rings. The idea of theft never entered my mind. If I had been guilty,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020051"/>
<p>should I have gone back to see Catford within 48 hours and fetched a constable. I have frequented the neighbourhood all the time, and never kept out of the way. I can only say I am not guilty, and that is my defence.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19060402-38-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-38-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-38-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>. Prisoner pleaded guilty to a previous con
<lb/>viction at Clerkenwell Sessions in 1903, and police proved a list of seven previous convictions.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19060402-38-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-38-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-38-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-38-19060402 t19060402-38-punishment-28"/>Eighteen months' hard labour</rs> and
<rs id="t19060402-38-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-38-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-38-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-38-19060402 t19060402-38-punishment-29"/>three years' police supervision.</rs> </p>
<p>A further indictment for stealing an umbrella was not pro
<lb/>ceeded with.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060402-39">
<interp inst="t19060402-39" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060402"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-39" type="date" value="19060402"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-39-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-39-19060402 t19060402-39-offence-1 t19060402-39-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-39-19060402" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-39-19060402" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19060402" type="age" value="43"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19060402" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19060402" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-19060402" type="occupation" value="porter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CLARK</hi>, Charles (43, porter)</persName>
<rs id="t19060402-39-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-39-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-39-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, feloniously causing grievous bodily harm to
<persName id="t19060402-name-187" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-187" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-187" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-187" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-39-offence-1 t19060402-name-187"/>Louisa Clark</persName>, with intent to do her some grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. D. J. Lewis prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-188" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-188" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-188" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-188" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>LOUISA CLARK</persName> </hi> (who entered the Court on crutches). I am the wife of prisoner, and am living at my sister's, 6, Linford Street, Stewart's Road, Battersea. On January 2 I was living at 19, Bel
<lb/>more Street, Wandsworth Road, in a room with my two daugh
<lb/>ters. My husband had not been living with me since a fort
<lb/>night before Christmas. On that morning I saw my husband between 10 and 11 o'clock. He asked me if I would go and have a drink, but he called me filthy names and I would not go. He came backwards and forwards from the public-house, insulting me. About one o'clock I went out to get some fish for dinner, He was then standing outside the "Britannia," and, to keep peace with him, I had one glass of mild and bitter with him. When I went back I went into the person's next door, and in consequence of what I heard I asked my little daughter to go and see if her father had gone upstairs. My other daughter, after she had gone back to her work at a laundry, came in to me next door and said, "Father has been and got me the sack." I then went up to my own room. My husband was sitting there, and I said to him,"What have you been up there and got her the sack for? How do you think I am going to live and pay my rent!"He got up and said, "I will show you how you are going to live, and pay your rent," and turned the drawers and table over. He picked up a knife and threw me across the bed and held me by the body. My daughter rushed in, and, after a struggle, got the knife away from him. I opened the window and called for help, and then I went out. I do not remember anything else until I was picked up and taken to hospital.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. I moved away before Christmas for peace, and you slept in the empty room. I had to get a policeman so that you should not interfere with us going to Linford Street. I had to get out of where I was living because of your carryings on. You tried to drive me out of my mind into the Asylum. You have not been a man to me for years. I told you when I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020052"/>
<p>moved,"We cannot live peaceably together; we had better be apart." In 1897 I hit you with a glass in the eye, but that is nine years ago. I do not remember whether you pushed me out of the window. I was not drunk at the time.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-189" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-189" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-189" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-189" type="given" value="LILY"/>LILY CLARK</persName> </hi>, dryer and folder. On January 2 I came home to dinner at one o'clock. When I went up to our room father was sitting. I asked where mother was, and he made no answer. I told him he had no business there. He turned the table on me, but it did not fall on me, and as I went out of the room he threw a bowl of water down on me and wetted my shoulders. After I had had my dinner and was going back to work I met father in the street. He said, "You have no occasion to go back to work. I have been up and got you the sack." I went up to see if it was true, and then went and told mother. She went indoors, and I followed her up. Mother asked him how he thought she was going to live, and with that he turned the drawers over. He picked up a knife and said, "I will show you what I intend to do." He threw mother across the bed and held over her with a knife, which I got away from him. He hit her ear and her mouth, which was bleeding. After I got the knife away, father let her go and went out on to the landing. Mother went to the window and screamed for help, and when he heard her open the window he came back into the room, got held over her with a knife, which I got away from him. He hit her ear and her mouth, which was bleeding. After I got the knife away father let her go and went out help, and when he heard her open the window he came back into the room, get hold of her legs, saying,"Here goes," and threw her out When I tried to get out of the room I found the door was locked. When somebody came and let (me out I went down to mother, who looked very bad and was bleeding from ears and mouth. she was taken to St. Thomas's Hospital the same evening. Neither father nor mother appeared to be in drink.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-190" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-190" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-190" type="surname" value="RIDDIFORD"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-190" type="given" value="HARRY"/>HARRY G. RIDDIFORD</persName> </hi> (Detective, W. Division). At 1.45 a.m. on January 3 I went to Albion Chambers, Wandsworth Road, which is a common lodging-house. I found prisoner in bed and took him into custody on the charge of causing grievous bodily harm to his wife by throwing her out of the bedroom window. He said, "I was not in the room. She struck me in the mouth on the landing. My daughter shut the door, and I was told afterwards that she had jumped out of the window." At the police-station he replied,"All right; if that is where I am going I am going innocent."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-191" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-191" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-191" type="surname" value="GRAY"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-191" type="given" value="HARRY TYRRELL"/>HARRY TYRRELL GRAY</persName> </hi>, house surgeon at St. Thomas's. On January 2, about half-past six p.m., I examined prosecutrix. She could not move Her leg, and there was a great amount of bruising extending from the top of the hip to the knee. There was a good deal of swelling about the hip, and there appeared to be a fracture near the top of the high bone. I admitted her an in-patient and treated her until the 4th.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-192" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-192" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-192" type="surname" value="COUTTS"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-192" type="given" value="DAVID KIRKPATRICK"/>DAVID KIRKPATRICK COUTTS</persName> </hi>. I was resident house surgeon at St. Thomas's until the end of last month. I examined prose
<lb/>cutrix on January 4. There was a great deal of swelling and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020053"/>
<p>bruising of the right thigh, so much swelling that accurate examination was impossible. On January 5 and 7 X ray photo
<lb/>graphs were taken, and these showed that the upper end of the thigh bone was driven up into the hip bone, which, in addi
<lb/>tion, was fractured in three places. On January 12 she was ansestheticised, and a thorough examination showed that there was no injury to any of the internal organs. She was dis
<lb/>charged on January 24. There is no danger to life. The pro
<lb/>bability is she will not fully recover; she will be able to walk, but will probably be always lame.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PRISONER</hi> (not on oath). I can only say that I am innocent of doing this. The woman jumped out herself. She hat attempted to jump out of the window before when she has had these mad fits, and I have had to pick up something to try to stop her temper, and prevent her aiming thing at me. My face is all cat about and scarred where she has thrown things at me, and sometimes when I have gone to work on Monday morning the men have laughed at my scratched face. Then is all scars about my face now. The woman does not know what she is doing when she has these tempers. She does not drink much, but the least drop sends her off in these mad fits. I have been at Brixton Prison over three months, and I declare now, whichever way it turns, I am an innocent man; I never did it. The woman went out herself. There was nobody in the room.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19060402-39-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-39-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-39-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>not guilty</rs>.</p>
<p>The Common Serjeant said he was not surprised at the ver
<lb/>dict, but that prisoner used violence towards his wife with a knife was undoubted, and he had better leave her alone.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060402-40">
<interp inst="t19060402-40" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060402"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-40" type="date" value="19060402"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-40-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-40-19060402 t19060402-40-offence-1 t19060402-40-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-40-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-40-19060402 t19060402-40-offence-2 t19060402-40-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-40-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-40-19060402 t19060402-40-offence-3 t19060402-40-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-40-19060402" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-40-19060402" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-40-19060402" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-40-19060402" type="surname" value="DURANT"/>
<interp inst="def1-40-19060402" type="given" value="LUKE LOCKE"/>
<interp inst="def1-40-19060402" type="occupation" value="merchant"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DURANT</hi>, Luke Locke (32, merchant)</persName>
<rs id="t19060402-40-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-40-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-40-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>. Obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t19060402-name-194" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-194" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-194" type="surname" value="FITZGERALD"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-194" type="given" value="JOHN WALTER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-40-offence-1 t19060402-name-194"/>John Walter Fitzgerald</persName> the turn of £3 10s., with intent to defraud.</rs>
<rs id="t19060402-40-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-40-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-40-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>Forging and uttering two orders for the delivery of good, in each case with intent to defraud.</rs>
<rs id="t19060402-40-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-40-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-40-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>Forging certain writings to wit, two letters, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Travers Humphreys and Mr. H. H. Thorne prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-195" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-195" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-195" type="surname" value="FITZGRALD"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-195" type="given" value="JOHN WALTER"/>JOHN WALTER FITZGRALD</persName> </hi>, Saracen's Head Buildings, Snow Hill. I am London representative of the Alpha Brass Com
<lb/>pany, Birmingham, and I receive commission on their receiving the orders. In January last I employed prisoner at agent. I explained to him my terms with the Alpha Brass Company, and arranged to give him half my commission on orders he obtained. He mentioned to me Mr. J. Wilton, a builder, of Gorringe Park Estate, Tooting, and High View Estate, Streat
<lb/>ham, whom I had known, by reputation for years, and said he thought he could get all his trade, at which, of course, I was very pleased. On January 29 he brought me in an order which he said Wilson had given him. Believing it was a</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020054"/>
<p>genuine order I sent it down the same night to the works. On January 31 prisoner came in with, as he said, another order from Mr. Wilson, which I also sent on to Birmingham. On February 3 I received the commission on these orders from the Alpha Brass Company, and paid prisoner £3 10s. on account, for which he gave me this receipt,"Received on account of commission on Wilson's order £3 10s. (Signed) J. W. Locke." Sometimes he went by the name of Locke. A day or two after
<lb/>wards I received the following telegram from the company: "Wilson and East emphatically repudiate orders. What is explanation?" Prisoner said he would attend to it at once and let me know. Mr. Wilson was a bit troublesome sometimes about orders, but he would soon put that right. The day after
<lb/>wards he said he had seen Wilson, and Wilson had written direct to the works at Birmingham, and made everything all right, and satisfied the firm that it was genuine, and he had seen him post the letter. The letters produced signed "J. Wilson," and purporting to have been written by him, are both in prisoner's writing, and are addressed from prisoner's address, 42, Musgrave Road. On March 8 I communicated with the police.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. You offered to take over some goods and pay for them, but that was not in connection with Wilson's matter but another.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-196" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-196" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-196" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-196" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH WILSON</persName> </hi>. I am engaged in building operations at Leigham Court Estate, Streatham, and Gorringe Park Estate, Tooting. I have not given prisoner an order at any time. The first I heard of orders having been given in my name was when I had notice from the railway company that some goods had been consigned to me at Streatham Station. I have known prisoner for many years. He came to see in January, and remarked that I used a lot of material, and he had started' with some new firm. I told him I was not buying any goods. He said, "Well, will you give me particulars of the class of goods you are using?" and I told him he could see the clerk or the foreman, and he said he would send me a quotation. I did not hear anything more until I got the notice from the railway company. The letters produced to the Alpha Com
<lb/>pany are not in my handwriting, and were not written by my authority. I have a son named J. Wilson, but he is not in the business, so could not have given orders for goods by mistake. My father is also J. Wilson, but he lives in Cumberland.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. I did not ask you if you had any pipes and branches and drain-water stuff and say I wanted some. I told you the clerk or foreman would give you particulars of the class of goods we were using. I did not give you any par
<lb/>ticulars or dimensions. I have never heard of any order being given you in my name.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020055"/>
<p>Re-examined. I was not at the time requiring any goods. Smith, the foreman, had no authority to give orders.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-197" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-197" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-197" type="surname" value="THAIN"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-197" type="given" value="WILLIAM STEWART"/>WILLIAM STEWART THAIN</persName> </hi>, managing clerk of the Alpha Brass Company. I received two orders by post from Mr. Fitzgerald, one dated January 29 and the other the 31st. We consigned the goods to Mr. Wilson and sent him the orders by post. Mr. Wilson sent back the invoices and refused the goods. I then wrote to him and received a letter signed "J. Wilson," ad
<lb/>dressed from 42, Musgrave Road. I replied and got a further letter from the same address. We have sot back from the rail
<lb/>way company the goods sent on March 5, 6, and 7; but those sent on February 21 and 24 we have not received back.</p>
<p>To Prisoner. Fitzgerald never wrote asking us to debit the goods to prisoner. I understood all through that we were dealing with Mr. Wilson, of Leigham Court Park.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-198" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-198" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-198" type="surname" value="BLIGH"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-198" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK BLIGH</persName> </hi>, detective, City Police. On March 17, having a warrant for the arrest of prisoner, I went to 42, Mus
<lb/>grave Road. Prisoner was just leaving the house. I told him the warrant had been issued at the instance of Mr. Fitzgerald, and he said it must be a mistake, as he was going to meet Mr. Fitzgerald at four o'clock to arrange matters. I took him to Snow Hill Police Station. He had one farthing in his pos
<lb/>session.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PRISONER</hi> (not on oath). Mr. Fitzgerald, who was a very old friend of mine and my father's, proposed to me that I should get orders and share his commission. I was in business for myself for a great number of years. I saw Mr. Wilton, as you heard in the evidence, at his works, and when he sent me with his man to get particulars I took it to be an order. I had no intention to defraud anybody. As regards the goods being charged to myself, I say that that was an arrangement entered into with Mr. Fitzgerald, and I said to him when I have the goods in my possession I will send you a cheque, not before. After that I heard no more about it until some of the goods were consigned to my address. I had other trade orders being exe
<lb/>cuted by different firms.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-199" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-199" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-199" type="surname" value="WALTER-FITZGERALD"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-199" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN WALTER-FITZGERALD</persName> </hi> (recalled). There was no arrange
<lb/>ment that the goods consigned to Wilson should be transferred to prisoner's account.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19060402-40-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-40-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-40-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty</rs>. Prisoner also pleaded to a previous con
<lb/>viction in September, 1904, followed by twelve months' imprison
<lb/>ment for embezzlement. Police proved a number of previous convictions, and a continued career of fraud. Prisoner is a married man with a wife and two children, to whose support he has contributed nothing since his second conviction. The wife earns her own living and supports the children, and refuses to have anything to do with him.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19060402-40-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-40-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-40-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-40-19060402 t19060402-40-punishment-30"/>Four years' penal servitude</rs>.</p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020056"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOURTH COURT</hi>; Wednesday, April 4.</p>
<p>(Before Judge Rentoul.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060402-41">
<interp inst="t19060402-41" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060402"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-41" type="date" value="19060402"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-41-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-41-19060402 t19060402-41-offence-1 t19060402-41-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-41-19060402" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-41-19060402" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-41-19060402" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-41-19060402" type="surname" value="WALLACE"/>
<interp inst="def1-41-19060402" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-41-19060402" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALLACE</hi>, John (17, labourer)</persName>,
<rs id="t19060402-41-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-41-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-41-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> to
<rs id="t19060402-41-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-41-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-41-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>breaking into a pavilion and stealing one pair of boots and feloniously receiving same.</rs>
<rs id="t19060402-41-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-41-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-41-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-41-19060402 t19060402-41-punishment-31"/>Sentence postponed to next Sessions.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060402-42">
<interp inst="t19060402-42" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060402"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-42" type="date" value="19060402"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-42-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-42-19060402 t19060402-42-offence-1 t19060402-42-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-42-19060402" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-42-19060402" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-42-19060402" type="surname" value="CHANT"/>
<interp inst="def1-42-19060402" type="given" value="FREDERICK GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHANT</hi>, Frederick George</persName>,
<rs id="t19060402-42-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-42-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-42-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> to
<rs id="t19060402-42-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-42-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-42-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bankrupcy"/>unlawfully obtaining credit from
<persName id="t19060402-name-202" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-202" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-42-offence-1 t19060402-name-202"/>Stewart and Fitzgerald</persName> for £118 19s. 10d.; from
<persName id="t19060402-name-203" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-203" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-42-offence-1 t19060402-name-203"/>Sandell and Co.</persName> for £120 16s. 5d.; and from
<persName id="t19060402-name-204" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-204" type="surname" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-204" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-42-offence-1 t19060402-name-204"/>Thomas James</persName>, Limited, for £37 1s. 4d., without inform
<lb/>ing them that he was an undischarged Bankrupt.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Arthur Gill and Mr. Graham-Campbell prosecuted. Mr. Hinde appeared for the prisoner.</p>
<p>Sentence,
<rs id="t19060402-42-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-42-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-42-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-42-19060402 t19060402-42-punishment-32"/>six months' hard labour</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060402-43">
<interp inst="t19060402-43" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060402"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-43" type="date" value="19060402"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-43-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-43-19060402 t19060402-43-offence-1 t19060402-43-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-43-19060402" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-43-19060402" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-43-19060402" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-43-19060402" type="surname" value="ANDERSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-43-19060402" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-43-19060402" type="occupation" value="cook"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANDERSON</hi>, William (37, cook)</persName>,
<rs id="t19060402-43-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-43-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-43-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> to
<rs id="t19060402-43-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-43-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-43-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>feloniously assaulting
<persName id="t19060402-name-206" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-206" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-206" type="surname" value="MOSS"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-206" type="given" value="ROBERT WALLACE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-43-offence-1 t19060402-name-206"/>Robert Wallace Moss</persName> with intent to rob him of a watch and chain;</rs> also to having been convicted of felony at Sessions House, Newington, in the name of William Perry, on March 16, 1904; other convictions proved: in 1890, three months and four months for stealing; in 1891, three months, three months, and one month; 1892, two months and 18 months; 1895, 12 months; 1896, 3 years; 1899, six months: 1900, four years; 1904, 12 months.
<rs id="t19060402-43-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-43-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-43-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-43-19060402 t19060402-43-punishment-33"/>Twelve months' hard labour.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060402-44">
<interp inst="t19060402-44" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060402"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-44" type="date" value="19060402"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-44-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-44-19060402 t19060402-44-offence-1 t19060402-44-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-44-19060402" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-44-19060402" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-44-19060402" type="age" value="44"/>
<interp inst="def1-44-19060402" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="def1-44-19060402" type="given" value="EMMA"/>
<interp inst="def1-44-19060402" type="occupation" value="no occupation"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARDS</hi>, Emma (44, no occupation)</persName>
<rs id="t19060402-44-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-44-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-44-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="keepingABrothel"/>. Unlawfully pro
<lb/>curing
<persName id="t19060402-name-208" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-208" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-208" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-208" type="given" value="MAUD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-44-offence-1 t19060402-name-208"/>Maud Edwards</persName>, a girl under 21 years of age, not being a common prostitute and not being of known immoral charac
<lb/>ter, to have unlawful carnal connection with men; and with having procured the said
<persName id="t19060402-name-209" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-209" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-209" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-209" type="given" value="MAUD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-44-offence-1 t19060402-name-209"/>Maud Edwards</persName> to become a common prostitute.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Hogg prosecuted.</p>
<p>Verdict,
<rs id="t19060402-44-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-44-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-44-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>guilty</rs>;
<rs id="t19060402-44-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-44-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-44-punishment-34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-44-19060402 t19060402-44-punishment-34"/>12 months in second division.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060402-45">
<interp inst="t19060402-45" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060402"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-45" type="date" value="19060402"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-45-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-45-19060402 t19060402-45-offence-1 t19060402-45-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-45-19060402" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-45-19060402" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-45-19060402" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="def1-45-19060402" type="given" value="GODFREY BEDFORD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HALL</hi>, Godfrey Bedford</persName>,
<rs id="t19060402-45-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-45-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-45-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>pleaded guilty</rs> to
<rs id="t19060402-45-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-45-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-45-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>(being employed as clerk to the
<persName id="t19060402-name-211" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-211" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19060402-45-offence-1 t19060402-name-211"/>Royal Hospital for Incurables</persName>) embezzling two sums of £10 10s. each.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. Travers Humphreys prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t19060402-45-punishment-35" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-45-punishment-35" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-45-punishment-35" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-45-19060402 t19060402-45-punishment-35"/>Prisoner having made full restitution, having an excellent character, and further employment being offered him, he was released on own recognisances in £20.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060402-46">
<interp inst="t19060402-46" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060402"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-46" type="date" value="19060402"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-46-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-46-19060402 t19060402-46-offence-1 t19060402-46-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-46-19060402" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-46-19060402" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-46-19060402" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-46-19060402" type="surname" value="JACOBS"/>
<interp inst="def1-46-19060402" type="given" value="MORRIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-46-19060402" type="occupation" value="tailor"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JACOBS</hi>, Morris (17, tailor)</persName>
<rs id="t19060402-46-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-46-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-46-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>. Stealing an order for the pay
<lb/>ment of £3, and feloniously receiving same.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr. B. A. Smith prosecuted; Mr. Wildey Wright defended.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-213" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-213" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-213" type="surname" value="GRUNWALD"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-213" type="given" value="ETTIE"/>ETTIE GRUNWALD</persName> </hi> (through an interpreter). 5, Mulberry Street, Mile End. I received cheque (produced) on Saturday, March 10, and put it in a box. On March 17 I looked for it and could not</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020057"/>
<p>find it. I then went to the bank and saw the cheque. It was not endorsed by me. I cannot write.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I occupy one room on first floor in a large house of six rooms. About eight or nine other persons live there. When I go out I leave the key with the landlord. Prisoner is a stranger to me. I went to Ginsberg, the money changer, on Sunday, the 18th, and Monday, the 19th. He was about to throw me out. He told me there came a man and changed the cheque—that was all.</p>
<p>(Thursday, April 5.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-214" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-214" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-214" type="surname" value="GRUNWALD"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-214" type="given" value="ETTIE"/>ETTIE GRUNWALD</persName> </hi> (recalled) further cross-examined. I re
<lb/>ceived the cheque at night, on March 10. I went marketing on Sunday morning, March 11, from ten to one or half-past one. I received similar cheque once every two months. It is rather a rough neighbourhood.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-215" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-215" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-215" type="surname" value="GINSBERG"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-215" type="given" value="ABRAHAM"/>ABRAHAM GINSBERG</persName> </hi>, 116, Brick Lane, money changer. On Sunday evening, March 11, prisoner brought cheque (produced) and asked me to change it for his mother, as his mother was not well. I gave him £2 18s. 6d. for it. I do not remember his saying where the cheque had come from. I had not seen prisoner before. He gave me his address, which was written down by my clerk in my presence.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. It is a common practice for me to change cheques. I recognise prisoner by his face. He might have been in my office two minutes. San Francisco is put in my book because the envelope has San Francisco on it. Prisoner did not bring me another cheque in an envelope with San Francisco on it for £2 1s. 1d. Every transaction is booked in this book. My clerk did not say to Sussmann in my presence that this cheque was changed by Lewis Levensbill, of 29, Cable Street, St. George's-in-the-East.</p>
<p>Re-examined. Every transaction would be in this book. There is no entry of a transaction of £2 1s. 1d. I identified prisoner amongst 10 or 12' persons at the police station. I am positive he is the man who changed the cheque produced on March 11.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-216" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-216" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-216" type="surname" value="COHEN"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-216" type="given" value="MAX"/>MAX COHEN</persName> </hi>, clerk to Abraham Ginsberg. About eight be nine in the evening of March 11 I saw prisoner at the office. He said his mother had received the cheque and could not come herself, and he wanted to exchange it. Mr. Ginsberg gave him £2 18s. 6d. I wrote the entry in the book. I wrote San Fran
<lb/>cisco because the prisoner said his mother had received it from San Francisco, as far as I remember. I had never seen prisoner before. At the police station I picked him out of 10 or 12 of her persons. I am sure that is the man.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I saw no document on March 11. I do not. remember saying at the police court the prisoner produced a</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190604020058"/>
<p>pink envelope. He produced an envelope, and I saw it from afar. I did not tell Sussmann that the cheque was changed by Lewis Levensbill, 29, Cable Street, St. George's-in-the-East. I never heard that name. I saw the prisoner in the dock at the police court, and then a week after I identified him among a number of other persons. I wrote the name and address on card produced in the presence of the prisoner.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-217" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-217" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-217" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-217" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY SMITH</persName> </hi>, cashier, London and River Plate Bank. Cheque produced for £3 was received at my bank on March 13 in ordi
<lb/>nary course of business.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-218" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-218" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-218" type="surname" value="GOODING"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-218" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK GOODING</persName> </hi>, detective, H Division. I arrested prisoner at 20, Yalford Street, for stealing a cheque and cash
<lb/>ing it with Ginsberg. He said, "I did change one last week for £2 1s. 1d. My mother sent me to change it. This is the enve
<lb/>lope it came in from America." This is the envelope he showed me. There was a letter inside it.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. There is no conviction against prisoner at present. I have seen him in very dubious company. He has only done three months' work in three years.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-219" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-219" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-219" type="surname" value="JACOBS"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-219" type="given" value="MORRIS"/>MORRIS JACOBS</persName> </hi> (prisoner, on oath). I live at 20, Yalford Street. I am a tailor, working for my father. I cannot read. I have never seen cheque produced. I can only write a few words in Russian and sign my name in English. My mother received a cheque for £2 1s. 1d. from my brother Lewis, in San Francisco, which I took to the prosecutor, who gave me £2 0s. 7d. for it. I have never been charged with any offence. I worked for four months for Mr. Carbury, 24, Greenfield Street. I worked for Cohen, tailor, about a year. He gave me a good character.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. I changed the cheque for £2 1s. 1d. at Gins
<lb/>berg's about two months ago. My mother's name is Kayler Jacobs. In Yiddish her name is Yankelow. I have two brothers in America besides Lewis, who is in San Francisco, and one brother in London. Envelope produced I got from my mother when arrested, and gave it to the policeman. It had a letter in it. I am 17, and have been four years in England.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19060402-name-220" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19060402-name-220" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-220" type="surname" value="YANKELOW"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-name-220" type="given" value="KAYLER"/>KAYLER YANKELOW</persName> </hi> or
<hi rend="smallCaps">JACOBS</hi> (through an interpreter). I live at 20, Yarford Street, with my husband, and am the mother of the prisoner. My son Lewis at San Francisco every six or eight months sends me a cheque. Envelope produced is mine. It came to me with a letter and cheque produced for £2 1s. 1d.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t19060402-46-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19060402-46-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-46-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>At this point the Jury stopped the case and found a verdict of Not guilty.</rs> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>; Thursday, April 5.</p>
<p>(Before Mr. Recorder.)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19060402-47">
<interp inst="t19060402-47" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19060402"/>
<interp inst="t19060402-47" type="date" value="19060402"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-47-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-47-19060402 t19060402-47-offence-1 t19060402-47-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19060402-47-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-47-19060402 t19060402-47-offence-1 t19060402-47-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<persName id="def1-47-19060402" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-47-19060