<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>POUND, MAYOR.</p>
<persName id="t19051016-name-1">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-1" type="surname" value="DALTON"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-1" type="given" value="ALFRED FITZGERALD"/>ALFRED FITZGERALD DALTON</persName>,</p>
<p>(For many years with the late firm of Messrs. BARNETT & BUCKLER, Official Shorthand Writers to the Court.)</p>
<p>Law Booksellers and Publishers.</p>
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<p>On the King's Commission of</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>Held on Monday, October 16th, 1905, and following days.</p>
<p>Before the Right Hon. Sir
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<interp inst="t19051016-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-2" type="surname" value="POUND"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-2" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN POUND</persName> </hi>, Bart.,
<hi rend="largeCaps">LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; the Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t19051016-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-3" type="surname" value="JELF"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-3" type="given" value="ARTHUR RICHARD"/>ARTHUR RICHARD JELF</persName> </hi> Knt., one of the Justices of His Majesty's High Court; Sir
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<interp inst="t19051016-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-4" type="surname" value="WILKIN"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-4" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER WILKIN</persName> </hi>, K.C.M.G.; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-5" type="surname" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-5" type="given" value="MARCUS"/>MARCUS SAMUEL</persName> </hi>, Bart., Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">FORREST FULTON</hi>, Knt., K.C., Recorder of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t19051016-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-6" type="surname" value="TRUSCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-6" type="given" value="GEORGE WYATT"/>GEORGE WYATT TRUSCOTT</persName> </hi>, Knt.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS BOOR CROSBY</hi>, M.D.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">W.
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<interp inst="t19051016-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-7" type="surname" value="GUTHRIE"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-7" type="given" value="MURRAY"/>MURRAY GUTHRIE</persName> </hi>, Esq., M.P., and
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<interp inst="t19051016-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-8" type="surname" value="HANSON"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-8" type="given" value="FRANCIS STANHOPE"/>FRANCIS STANHOPE HANSON</persName> </hi>, Esq., other of the Aldermen of the said City;
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-9" type="surname" value="BOSANQUET"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-9" type="given" value="FREDERICK ALBERT"/>FREDERICK ALBERT BOSANQUET</persName> </hi>, Esq., K.C., Common Serjeant of the said City; and His Honour Judge
<hi rend="smallCaps">RENTOUL</hi>, K.C., Commissioner, His Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-10" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-10" type="surname" value="SMALLMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-10" type="given" value="HENRY GEORGE"/>HENRY GEORGE SMALLMAN</persName> </hi>, Esq., Alderman.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS VANSITTART BOWATER</hi>, Esq., J.P.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-11" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-11" type="surname" value="TICKLE"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-11" type="given" value="JAPHETH"/>JAPHETH TICKLE</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-12" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-12" type="surname" value="LANGTON"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-12" type="given" value="JOSEPH DAVID"/>JOSEPH DAVID LANGTON</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">POUND, MAYOR. TWELFTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that the prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—a dagger</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, October</hi> 16
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1905.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">VIRGINIE PATRACH</hi> </persName> and
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<interp inst="def2-723-19051016" type="surname" value="FERRAI"/>
<interp inst="def2-723-19051016" type="given" value="ANTOINETTE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANTOINETTE FERRAI</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t19051016-723-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
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<interp inst="t19051016-723-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>. (
<hi rend="italic">Con
<lb/>tinued from last Session; see page</hi> 1500.)</rs>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LYONS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">stated that he had not been able to procure witnesses from Dieppe owing to want of funds.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Ferrai, continuing her evidence on oath, said that on August</hi> 19
<hi rend="italic">th when they came out of the shop they only walked; that she did not know a word of English; that she sold towels, and things of that kind, travelling with Patrach about the country with a barrow; that during April, May and June she was not away from Dieppe, and had not been away until she came to London on August</hi> 18
<hi rend="italic">th; that she did not know the name of the man she was with when she was arrested; that he was waiting outside the shop round the corner; that she did not know Hudson Brothers' shop on Ludgate Hill; that she had not been there on May</hi> 25
<hi rend="italic">th; that she did not know Hudson Brothers' in Bishopsgate Street, and was not there on May</hi> 26
<hi rend="italic">th; that she did not know Miss Dora Lowton, and Miss Taperell, who were called into Court; that she was not in the Civil Service Stores, Queen Victoria Street, on May</hi> 23
<hi rend="italic">rd; that when she was arrested she was only walking; and that during May she was living with her husband in Dieppe.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Evidence for Patrach.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-15" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-15" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-15" type="surname" value="PATRACH"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-15" type="given" value="ANTOINNE"/>ANTOINNE PATRACH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Interpreted</hi>). I am Patrach's husband, and live at Dieppe—I used to be a horse dealer, but now I do other business—in May I lived at Jarnac, Charente, near Bordeaux—my wife was living with me in May and was not away from home for one day during that month—we have been married for thirty-five or thirty-six years—I have known her since she was about fifteen years old—she does not speak any English—we left Jarnac in July, before the feast of the Republic, which is on July 14th—we went to Dieppe—my wife</p>
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<p>went by train and I by coach—I arrived at Dieppe about July 23rd or 24th—my wife was there then; she never went out of France before August 19th.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LYONS</hi>. Ferrai is my sister-in-law—I have known her ever since I have been married—she does not speak a word of English—she has never been in England before this—I cannot read nor write, nor can my wife or sister-in-law.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEYCESTER</hi>. I knew my wife was coming to England this time—Ferrai had a quarrel with her husband, and my wife accompanied her to England to bring her back as soon as possible—I now sell sheets and towels, and things of that sort—I travel about the country with a caravan—my wife sometimes stops at home for the children, and as soon as they are satisfied she joins me—I know St. Jean Angouleme; I was married near there—it is fifty or sixty kilometres from Jarnac—from St. Jean I went to Jarnac and then to Dieppe.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I have not brought over other witnesses, because I had not the necessary money—I was here last Session—I have been to Dieppe since.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEYCESTER</hi>. I came over here when I received a telegram from Mr. La Roche—I know that an application was made to a judge to get my wife out on bail—I made the application—I said then that on May 25th, 26th, and 27th my wife was with me at Rouen—to get from Charente we must go through Rouen—I have a brother in Rouen, and per
<lb/>haps somebody misunderstood me if the application says that I was in Rouen then—my statement was taken down and translated to me—when I am at Rouen I stay at the Boulevard Croisy, which is where my brother lives—I swore that my brother, who has the same name as myself, was there in May—I could not have sworn that I and my wife were there together then—it has been badly translated—I did not understand the interpreter properly.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-16" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-16" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-16" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-16" type="given" value="JESSIE BERTHA"/>JESSIE BERTHA DAVIS</persName> </hi>. I am a wardress in the infirmary at Holloway prison—the prisoners have been there for about a fortnight—mostly I made them understand by signs—I can speak very little French—as a rule they understood very well—the doctor thought they would be happier in the hospital; they were very miserable in prison—I tried to communicate with them in English, but I could not make them under
<lb/>stand—they made various attempts at speaking to me in French—occas
<lb/>sionally I tried to make them speak in English, but never succeeded in getting them to understand.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> They never had occasion to ask me to change a sovereign for them—I do not remember their having saying "No, no."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEYCESTER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">wished to call a witness from the High Court to produce the original affidavit sworn to by Antoinne Patrach.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. O'CONNER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">sub
<lb/>mitted that the evidence could not be given, as rebutting evidence could not be permitted except where the Crown said they had no opportunity of putting the whole case, and quoted Rex v. Frost, Archbold, page</hi> 212.
<hi rend="italic">The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RECORDER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">ruled that the evidence was admissible.</hi>]</p>
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<persName id="t19051016-name-17" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-17" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-17" type="surname" value="WATSON"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-17" type="given" value="JAMES CAMERON"/>JAMES CAMERON WATSON</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the Crown Office, and pro
<lb/>duce an affidavit sworn on August 24th on the hearing of an application for bail on behalf of Patrach and Ferrai—it is a joint affidavit of Joseph Ferrai and Antoinne Patrach—one paragraph sets out where the prisoner Ferrai was in May, and reads: "The 25th, 26th, and 27th May my wife was with me at Boulevard Croisy, Rouen. She has never previously been in England since we were married"—on the face of the affidavit there is, "Sworn at Broad Court Chambers, Bow Street, in the County of London, on the 24th August, 1905, through the interpretation of Jules Renancalf, of 15, Store Street, Tottenham Court Road, in the County of London. The said Jules Renancalf, having first been sworn, said that he would faith
<lb/>fully and truly translate the contents of this affidavit to the deponents, Joseph Ferrai and Antoinne Ferrai, and that he would faithfully and truly interpret the oath about to be administered to them."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-18" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-18" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-18" type="surname" value="JENTEHON"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-18" type="given" value="AUGUST"/>AUGUST JENTEHON</persName> </hi>. I am the proprietor of a restaurant at 16, Greek Street, Soho—this summer there have been some French gipsies visiting my cafe—they were rather dark—there were some there in May for about a fortnight—neither of the prisoners have ever visited my cafe.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Evidence for Ferrai.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-19" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-19" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-19" type="surname" value="FERRAI"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-19" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH FERRAI</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Interpreted</hi>). I am a pedlar in and around Dieppe—I lived with my wife and family at Dieppe—I never left Dieppe after the beginning of March—I was there every day during May, my wife and three children being with me—she came over here when she was arrested, but I do not write or read and I have not got a good memory, and I do not exactly remember the date when she came over here—she does not read or write, nor speak English—she has never been in England before—I have always lived with her—she came to England because I had a quarrel with her and I struck her twice—I saw her last month; since then I have left to see my children in Dieppe—I could not bring the witness I desired be
<lb/>cause I had not the necessary money.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I do not know what month we are in; I do not know the months of the year.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I think there are three or four weeks in a month.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Evidence in Reply.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-20" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-20" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-20" type="surname" value="LOWTON"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-20" type="given" value="DORA"/>DORA LOWTON</persName> </hi>. I am a cashier in the service of Messrs. Hudson Brothers, Ltd., Ludgate Hill—on May 25th this year I saw the two prisoners in the shop.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-21" type="witnessName">
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<interp inst="t19051016-name-21" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-21" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST COLLINS</persName> </hi>. I am a cashier at the Civil Service Stores, Queen Victoria Street—I know Ferrai; she came in on May 23rd with another woman—I am not certain as to the other woman.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LYONS</hi>. I saw the woman for about fifteen minutes—they were about 2 feet from the desk—there were other people in the shop—we were very busy at the time.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. O'CONNER</hi>. I am not certain if the woman with her was Patrach.</p>
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<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t19051016-name-22" type="surname" value="HAYHURST"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-22" type="given" value="HARRY"/>HARRY HAYHURST</persName> </hi>. I am a fishmonger's assistant at the Civil Service Stores, Queen Victoria Street—I saw Ferrai in the fish department there on May 23rd with another woman.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t19051016-723-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-723-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">It was stated that the prisoners came to England at different periods to commit like offences on tradespeople. One previous conviction for a like offence was proved against them.
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-723-19051016 t19051016-723-punishment-1"/>Nine months' hard labour each</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES ALEXANDER SULLIVAN</hi> (53)</persName>
<rs id="t19051016-724-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-724-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-724-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="libel"/>, Publishing a false and defamatory libel of and concerning
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<interp inst="t19051016-name-24" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-24" type="surname" value="ROSSMORE"/>
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19051016-724-offence-1 t19051016-name-24"/>Derrick Warner William Western Baron Rossmore</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BODKIN</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution, offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t19051016-724-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19051016-725-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to fraudulently converting to his own use and benefit a sugar dredger and other articles en
<lb/>trusted to him by D.
<persName id="t19051016-name-26" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-26" type="gender" value="male"/>
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19051016-725-offence-1 t19051016-name-26"/>George Collins</persName>, Ltd., in order that he might sell the same to a customer;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to fraudulently converting to his own use certain articles entrusted to him by
<persName id="t19051016-name-27" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-27" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-27" type="surname" value="BARKER"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-27" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19051016-725-offence-1 t19051016-name-27"/>John Barker</persName> & Co., Ltd., for the purpose of selling the same to customers;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to converting to his own use certain articles entrusted to him by
<persName id="t19051016-name-28" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-28" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-28" type="surname" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-28" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19051016-725-offence-1 t19051016-name-28"/>John James</persName> for the purpose of repairing them, and returning them to him;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to unlawfully and fraudulently converting to his own use a watch entrusted to him by
<persName id="t19051016-name-29" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-29" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-29" type="surname" value="BUTTERS"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-29" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19051016-725-offence-1 t19051016-name-29"/>George Butters</persName> for the purpose of selling the same;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to fraudulently converting to his own use and benefit certain property entrusted to him by the Civil Service Co-Operative Society, Ltd., for the purpose of selling the same.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">It was stated that he was of good position and had lost</hi> £20,000
<hi rend="italic">at the time of the Jameson Raid.
<rs id="t19051016-725-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-725-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-725-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-725-19051016 t19051016-725-punishment-2"/>Judgment respited</rs>.</hi></p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19051016-726">
<interp inst="t19051016-726" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19051016"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-726" type="date" value="19051016"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19051016-726-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-726-19051016 t19051016-726-offence-1 t19051016-726-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19051016-726-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-726-19051016 t19051016-726-offence-1 t19051016-726-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-726-19051016" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-726-19051016" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-726-19051016" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-726-19051016" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-726-19051016" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED WILSON</hi> (20)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-726-19051016" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-726-19051016" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-726-19051016" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def2-726-19051016" type="surname" value="CRAWLEY"/>
<interp inst="def2-726-19051016" type="given" value="DENNIS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DENNIS CRAWLEY</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t19051016-726-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-726-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-726-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> to breaking and entering the counting house of
<persName id="t19051016-name-32" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-32" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-32" type="surname" value="REDWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-32" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19051016-726-offence-1 t19051016-name-32"/>John Redwood</persName> and stealing a jacket and other articles, his property, Wilson having been convicted at this Court on September 13th, 1904, and Crawley at Westminster Police Court on June 15th, 1904.
<hi rend="italic">Four other convictions were proved against Wilson, and three against Crawley.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19051016-726-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-726-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-726-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-726-19051016 t19051016-726-punishment-3"/>Three years' penal servitude</rs> and</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CRAWLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19051016-726-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-726-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-726-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-726-19051016 t19051016-726-punishment-4"/>Twelve months' hard labour</rs>.</hi>
<rs id="t19051016-726-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-726-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-726-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19051016-727" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19051016"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-727" type="date" value="19051016"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19051016-727-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-727-19051016 t19051016-727-offence-1 t19051016-727-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19051016-727-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-727-19051016 t19051016-727-offence-1 t19051016-727-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19051016-727-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-727-19051016 t19051016-727-offence-1 t19051016-727-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19051016-727-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-727-19051016 t19051016-727-offence-2 t19051016-727-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19051016-727-charge-5" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-727-19051016 t19051016-727-offence-3 t19051016-727-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-727-19051016" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-727-19051016" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-727-19051016" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-727-19051016" type="surname" value="WARDROP"/>
<interp inst="def1-727-19051016" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM WARDROP</hi> (23)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-727-19051016" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-727-19051016" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-727-19051016" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def2-727-19051016" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="def2-727-19051016" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN JOHNSON</hi> (23)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-727-19051016" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-727-19051016" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-727-19051016" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def3-727-19051016" type="surname" value="WOOLLEY"/>
<interp inst="def3-727-19051016" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN WOOLLEY</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t19051016-727-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-727-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-727-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> to stealing a watch chair and pendant, the goods of
<persName id="t19051016-name-36" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-36" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-36" type="surname" value="MURRELL"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-36" type="given" value="HENRY ROBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19051016-727-offence-1 t19051016-name-36"/>Henry Robert Murrell</persName> from his person. </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHNSON</hi>
<rs id="t19051016-727-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-727-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-727-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> also to stealing a watch and chain, the goods of
<persName id="t19051016-name-37" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-37" type="surname" value="RECKITT"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-37" type="given" value="WALTER FRANCIS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19051016-727-offence-2 t19051016-name-37"/>Walter Francis Reckitt</persName> from his person;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to stealing a watch, the goods of
<persName id="t19051016-name-38" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-38" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-38" type="surname" value="HOND"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-38" type="given" value="AARON"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19051016-727-offence-2 t19051016-name-38"/>Aaron Hond</persName>, from his person; and </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WOOLLEY</hi>
<rs id="t19051016-727-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-727-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-727-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> to stealing a brooch and a chain, the goods of
<persName id="t19051016-name-39" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-39" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-39" type="surname" value="COHEN"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-39" type="given" value="REBECCA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19051016-727-offence-3 t19051016-name-39"/>Rebecca Cohen</persName>, from her person</rs>, Wardrop having been convicted of felony at Clerken
<lb/>well Sessions on September 23rd, 1902, as William Bennett; Johnson at Clerkenwell Sessions on August 23rd, 1904; and Woolley at Worship Street Police Court on January 13th, 1905.
<hi rend="italic">Four other convictions were proved against Johnson, two against Woolley, and three against Wardrop</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHNSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WARDROP</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19051016-727-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-727-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-727-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-727-19051016 t19051016-727-punishment-5"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-727-19051016 t19051016-727-punishment-5"/>Eighteen months' hard labour each</rs>, and</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WOOLLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19051016-727-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-727-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-727-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-727-19051016 t19051016-727-punishment-6"/>Twelve months' hard labour</rs>.</hi>
<rs id="t19051016-727-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-727-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-727-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160007"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, October</hi> 16
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1905.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19051016-728">
<interp inst="t19051016-728" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19051016"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-728" type="date" value="19051016"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19051016-728-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-728-19051016 t19051016-728-offence-1 t19051016-728-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19051016-728-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-728-19051016 t19051016-728-offence-1 t19051016-728-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-728-19051016" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-728-19051016" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-728-19051016" type="age" value="41"/>
<interp inst="def1-728-19051016" type="surname" value="GUNCHMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-728-19051016" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD GUNCHMAN</hi> (41)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-728-19051016" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-728-19051016" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-728-19051016" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def2-728-19051016" type="surname" value="WALLER"/>
<interp inst="def2-728-19051016" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM WALLER</hi> (29)</persName>
<rs id="t19051016-728-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-728-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-728-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Feloniously making twelve counterfeit shillings and forty-one counter
<lb/>feit sixpences. </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALLER</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19051016-728-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-728-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-728-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-42" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-42" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-42" type="surname" value="PRIDE"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-42" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE PRIDE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Sergeant J.</hi>) In company with Sergeants Hook and Crookshanks on the afternoon of September 8th I kept Watch on 3a, Shandy Street, Mile End, when I saw Gunchman come out—we followed him to 2, Globe Road, about a quarter of a mile away—Hook stopped him and said, "We are police officers, and we have reason to believe you have counterfeit coin in your possession"—he said, "You have made a mistake"—Hook and I then searched him, when he said, "I have got nothing"—nothing was found upon him and I went to 3a, Shandy Street with Crook
<lb/>shanks, Wallace, and Hook, bringing the prisoner up afterwards—I went up to the first floor front room without waiting for them—the door out into the street was wide open; children were playing in the doorway—Crookshanks, Pye and I went into the front room, where we found Waller and a woman, who subsequently said her name was Mary Gunchman; she was discharged when before the Magistrate—she was sitting with a child in her arms and Waller was sitting at the table with a file in his right hand and a counterfeit shilling in his left—in front of him on the table were these eleven other counterfeit shillings (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>), this electric battery at work (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>), and these small pieces of silver (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>), which were suspended in this cup (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>), which contained acid—Waller dropped a counterfeit shilling on to the pile of others as I went in—I found on the table with the others this good shilling (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>), which had been silvered by the battery, and which was evidently the pattern shilling—there was also this packet containing twenty counter
<lb/>feit sixpences found—I did not touch a thing until Gunchman was brought in by Hook—I then told Waller he would be arrested for feloniously possessing the moulds and other implements for the manufacture of base coin—he said, "All right; I shall say nothing"—Gunchman, who could hear that, said nothing—I asked Waller for his name and address and he said, "William Waller, of no fixed abode."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-43" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-43" type="surname" value="HOOK"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-43" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST HOOK</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Sergeant J.</hi>) According to instructions received, at 12.25 p.m. on September 8th I watched 3a, Shandy Street, Mile End, when I saw Gunchman come out—I followed him to 2, Globe Road, where I said to him, "I am a police officer and believe you have counter
<lb/>feit coins upon you"—he said, "You have made a mistake"—I searched him—he said, "I have not got anything"—I found he thing—I said, "Where do you live?"—he said, "Across the way"—I said, "You live at 3a, Shandy Street," and I took him there—in the first floor front room I saw Waller and Mary Gunchman—on the table I found twenty counterfeit sixpences in paper; in the cupboard a saucepan containing</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160008"/>
<p>one piece of white metal, also a plate brush and two cloths—Wallace, on searching Gunchman, found a packet of counterfeit sixpences in his trousers pocket which was not there when I searched him in the street—on the table there were twelve counterfeit shillings, and there were two moulds for making shillings and sixpences on the hob before the fire—I also saw a bottle containing acid that had been used for cleansing—there was only one lot of counterfeit sixpences on the table, all dated 1901, each coin separately wrapped in tissue paper—the twelve shillings were dated 1898—the shilling moulds were dated 1898—I took Gunchman to the station, where he was charged, to which he made no reply—there was another sixpenny mould also found in a box under the bed.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-44" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-44" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-44" type="surname" value="CROOKSHANKS"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-44" type="given" value="STEPHEN"/>STEPHEN CROOKSHANKS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Sergeant J.</hi>) With Hook, Pride and Wallace I watched 3a, Shandy Street, on September 8th, and I was present when the search was made and Waller was arrested—I found this antimony (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) in a box underneath the bed with some white metal I found this copper wire on a table (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) with this battery (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>)—I found one lot of hydrochloric acid also on the table and another lot just under the foot of the bed, where there was also a bottle of vitriol—on the side—board I found this rent book (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>): "Mr. Gunchman, rent, front room with Mr. Pike at 3a, Shandy street, 4s. per week," beginning Decem
<lb/>ber 24th, 1904, ending August, 1905—a frame mould, fitting with one of the shilling moulds, and a sixpenny mould were also found.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-45" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-45" type="surname" value="WALLACE"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-45" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WALLACE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector J.</hi>) I was with the other officers when Gunchman and Waller were arrested on September 8th—I searched Gunchman and found in his left-hand trouser pocket one loose counterfeit sixpence, dated 1901, and a packet containing nineteen counterfeit six
<lb/>pennies, dated 1901, with tissue paper between each, and one dated 1896—I said, "What are these?"—he said, "You know. That is all I have got"—I then said to one of the officers, "What is under the bed?" and Gunchman said, "There is only a tin box"—he went to the bed
<lb/>stead and from underneath pulled out a tin box from which he pulled a sixpenny mould which corresponded to the counterfeit sixpences found on him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-46" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-46" type="surname" value="HORNE"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-46" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED HORNE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective H.</hi>) I took part in the search, and found behind the door of the room this bag containing about 1 1/2 lbs. of plaster of Paris (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>).</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-47" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-47" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-47" type="surname" value="PIKE"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-47" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM PIKE</persName> </hi>. Till a fortnight ago and at the time of this occurrence I was landlord of 3a, Shandy Street, Mile End, and lived there—I let Gunchman my first floor front room on December 17th or 19th last at 4s. a week—he came into occupation then with a woman whom I believed to be his wife, and they resided there till September 8th—he sometimes paid me the rent and sometimes his wife, but I put the rent book in his name—on September 6th Waller came and knocked at the door while I was in the passage—he called for Gunchman, who came down to him—I cannot say where they went—Waller came the next day, Thursday, with Gunchman, I think, and they went upstairs—I saw nothing more of him until he was arrested.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160009"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Gunchman.</hi> You paid me 6d., 9d. and 1s. at a time off your rent; the most I ever received from you at a time was 2s.—I credited you with amounts and put "Paid 4s." in your rent book each week.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-48" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-48" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Coin at His Majesty's Hint—I have seen two moulds for a shilling, and a lot of bad shillings—of the forty-one bad sixpences forty were made from the sixpenny mould which was found—I have seen also a good shilling—there was no object in silvering it; it has been used as a pattern to make the bad shillings—as to the other articles found, they are all such as are found in the stock-in-trade of a coiner.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Evidence for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-49" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-49" type="surname" value="GUNCHMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-49" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN GUNCHMAN</persName> </hi>. I could not find the black bag nor the hand
<lb/>kerchief; the policeman took them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Gunchman, in his defence on oath, said that he was introduced to Waller by a friend named Bush; that Waller wished to use his room for silvering plate, mentioning the word "snide"; that he (Gunchman) refused to allow this, as he had already been in trouble for that sort of thing, but owing to having no money with which to pay his rent, he eventually consented; that two days before the arrest Waller came, bringing his outfit in a black canvas hag, and commenced making counterfeit coins on the following day; that he did not assist in any way, but only watched; that the packet of counterfeit sixpences found upon him he found on the table and put in his pocket in the excitement of the search, not having them in the street when he was first searched; that as to the sixpenny mould found in his box under the bed he put it there at Waller's request; and that the moulds found were made by Waller in his room that morning.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Evidence in Reply.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-50" type="surname" value="WALLACE"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-50" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WALLACE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>). Gunchman was no
<lb/>where near the table—one of the officers would have seen the packet if it had been lying on the table.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-51" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-51" type="surname" value="HOOK"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-51" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST HOOK</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>). I searched him in the street—I felt in his right-hand trouser pocket, his two jacket pockets, and his two waistcoat pockets—he said, "Look at all the people coming"—I said, "All right, I will take you to your address"</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19051016-728-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-728-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-728-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Two previous convictions were proved against</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALLER</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">It was stated that he was a dangerous burglar, who had long been suspected of making counterfeit coin, and that his wife had been convicted at this Court last year for uttering—
<rs id="t19051016-728-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-728-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-728-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-728-19051016 t19051016-728-punishment-7"/>Five years' penal servitude</rs>. A previous conviction of possessing counterfeit coin with intent to utter was proved against</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GUNCH
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19051016-728-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-728-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-728-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-728-19051016 t19051016-728-punishment-8"/>Five years' penal servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19051016-729">
<interp inst="t19051016-729" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19051016"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-729" type="date" value="19051016"/>
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<persName id="def1-729-19051016" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-729-19051016" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-729-19051016" type="age" value="66"/>
<interp inst="def1-729-19051016" type="surname" value="PRESTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-729-19051016" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN PRESTON</hi> (66),
<hi rend="italic">otherwise</hi>
<rs id="t19051016-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-729-19051016 t19051016-alias-1"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE GOODING</hi> </rs> </persName>
<rs id="t19051016-729-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-729-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-729-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlaw
<lb/>fully uttering a counterfeit florin, knowing the same to be counterfeit.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PARTRIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-53" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-53" type="surname" value="CURRELL"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-53" type="given" value="LILIAN"/>LILIAN CURRELL</persName> </hi>. I am a barmaid at the Warburton Arms, Mare Street, Hackney—at 8.20 a.m. on September 13th the prisoner came in and called</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160010"/>
<p>for three-halfpenny worth of gin and a halfpenny worth of milk—I asked him if he would wait whilst I rang for the milk, and he said he would drink the gin neat—I served it him, and he gave me this florin (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>)—I did not like the look of it, and tried it with my teeth—I recognise this florin by the little mark I made on the edge—I gave it to him back, saying it was bad, and he said he would wrap it up in paper, and put it in his pocket, which he did—he then gave me a good florin, for which I gave him change and he left the house—on the Friday following, I think, I was taken to the police station, where I saw several men, from whom I picked out the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-54" type="surname" value="ASHTON"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-54" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH ASHTON</persName> </hi>. I am a house breaker, of 106, Mare Street, Hackney, which is opposite the Warburton Arms—on the morning of September 13th I was standing outside my yard when I saw the prisoner come out of the Warburton Arms and approach a lady and gentleman, who were standing on the kerb, near enough to speak to them—he stopped with them about ten seconds, when he left them and went towards the Flying Horse—the lady and gentleman walked over to where I was—about three or four minutes afterwards a crowd assembled outside the Flying Horse, which is about thirty yards from the Warburton Arms; it lies in a recess at the back—the man and woman disappeared—about a week afterwards I went to the North London Police Court, where I saw fifteen or sixteen men, from whom I picked out the prisoner as the man whom I saw come out of the Warburton Arms—I am positively sure he is the man.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I saw him turn down the recess in which the Flying Horse is.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-55" type="surname" value="HORTON"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-55" type="given" value="HARRY"/>HARRY HORTON</persName> </hi>. I am manager of the Flying Horse, Mare Street, Hackney, and was on duty at the bar on the morning of September 13th, when at 8.35 a.m. the prisoner came in and ordered a glass of mild and bitter, price 1 1/2 d.—I served him, and he tendered me a florin; he pushed it along the counter like this (
<hi rend="italic">Illustrating</hi>)—I examined it and after testing it with
<hi rend="italic">aqua fortis</hi> found it was counterfeit—I went and stood at the side of the prisoner for about half a minute, saying nothing—he then said, "What about my change?"—I said, "What! out of
<hi rend="italic">this</hi>?"—he said, "Yes"—I said, "You will not get it"—with that he left the house and started walking down the street—as he was going out of the door I told the potman in his hearing to fetch a policeman—I went after prisoner and stopped him—he said, "You don't want to lock a poor man up," and offered me 6s. to let him go, which I refused—I brought him back to the house, and detained him until the arrival of the constable, to whom I gave him in charge.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-56" type="surname" value="GILLIS"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-56" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES GILLIS</persName> </hi> (54
<hi rend="italic">J.R.</hi>) I was called to the Flying Horse, when I saw Horton and the prisoner—I took the prisoner into the back part of the premises and searched him, when I found 29s. 6d. in good silver, made up of 2s. pieces, but shillings and sixpences principally (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>), and 4s. 6d. in coppers (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>)—he also had this box of studs (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>), which he said he was offering for sale—in answer to the charge he said, "Is it likely if I went out to pass bad money I should carry these papers with me?"—Horton gave me this counterfeit shilling.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160011"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-57" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-57" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Coin at His Majesty's Mint—this florin is counterfeit.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The 'prisoner, in his defence, said that while hawking jewellery he received the bad florin; that he tendered it, not knowing it was bad; that for the put two and a half years he had been reporting himself to the police, being on ticket-of-leave; that the police would never have arrested him but for that fact; and that he never went into the Warburton Arms at all.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19051016-729-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-729-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-729-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction on September</hi> 11
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1893,
<hi rend="italic">of feloniously possessing counterfeit coin. A large number of previous convictions were proved against him dating from</hi> 1854,
<hi rend="italic">a number being for uttering counterfeit coin, showing that he had spent forty odd years in prison—
<rs id="t19051016-729-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-729-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-729-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-729-19051016 t19051016-729-punishment-9"/>Nine months' hard labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, October</hi> 17
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1905.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Jelf.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="t19051016-730" type="date" value="19051016"/>
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<persName id="def1-730-19051016" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-730-19051016" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-730-19051016" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def1-730-19051016" type="surname" value="ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-730-19051016" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALTER ALLEN</hi> (42)</persName>
<rs id="t19051016-730-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-730-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-730-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>, Charged on the Coroner's inquisition with the manslaughter of
<persName id="t19051016-name-59" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-59" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-59" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-59" type="given" value="JOHN HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19051016-730-offence-1 t19051016-name-59"/>John Henry Evans</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. J. P. GRAIN</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution, offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19051016-730-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-730-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-730-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="def1-731-19051016" type="defendantName">
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<interp inst="def1-731-19051016" type="surname" value="GAMMON"/>
<interp inst="def1-731-19051016" type="given" value="WALTER JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALTER JOSEPH GAMMON</hi> (31)</persName>
<rs id="t19051016-731-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-731-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-731-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/>, Charged on the Coroner's inquisition with the wilful murder of
<persName id="t19051016-name-61" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-61" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-61" type="surname" value="GAMMON"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-61" type="given" value="CONSTANCE MAY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19051016-731-offence-1 t19051016-name-61"/>Constance May Gammon</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. C. MATHEWS</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution, offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19051016-731-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-731-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-731-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-732-19051016" type="gender" value="male"/>
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<interp inst="def1-732-19051016" type="given" value="PHILIP"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PHILIP KENT</hi> (41)</persName>
<rs id="t19051016-732-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-732-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-732-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="perjury"/>, Committing wilful and corrupt perjury.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. A. GILL</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution, offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19051016-732-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-732-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-732-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19051016-733" type="date" value="19051016"/>
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<persName id="def1-733-19051016" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-733-19051016" type="gender" value="male"/>
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<interp inst="def1-733-19051016" type="surname" value="SIMMS"/>
<interp inst="def1-733-19051016" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE SIMMS</hi> (31)</persName>
<rs id="t19051016-733-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-733-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-733-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="extortion"/>, Feloniously sending and causing to be received by
<persName id="t19051016-name-64" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-64" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-64" type="surname" value="STOKES"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-64" type="given" value="MARY ANN ELIZA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19051016-733-offence-1 t19051016-name-64"/>Mary Ann Eliza Stokes</persName> a letter demanding money of her with menaces, he well knowing the contents thereof.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FITZGERALD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-65" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-65" type="surname" value="INGRAM"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-65" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM INGRAM</persName> </hi> (741
<hi rend="italic">N.</hi>) About 7.15 p.m. on September 7th I saw the prisoner at a fixed point in Green Lanes—he came up to me and said, "I wish to give myself up for sending threatening letters to Mrs. stokes and a man of my regiment"—I asked him if he meant the threats—he replied, "Yes, I do"—I took him to 65, Riversdale Road, where the prosecutrix lived—before that he gave me this, little piece of paper
<hi rend="italic">wrote</hi> in pencil: "I, George Simms, wish to give myself up for sending threatening letters to Mrs. Stokes, 65, Riversdale Road"—I did not see him write that—he said he had just
<hi rend="italic">wrote</hi> it, and that he meant to carry out what he said—he gave me the paper—at 65, Riversdale Road, I asked Mrs. Stokes if she had received any letters and she said, "Yes"—she did not at once identify the prisoner as being a man she knew, but she did within a few minutes, and said he was a brother of the young lady that she had brought up from a baby—she did not give her name—I asked Mrs. Stokes would she prosecute and she said she would, and that she was in danger of her life—that was in the prisoner's presence—I took: him to the station, where he repeated in the presence of the inspector a</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160012"/>
<p>statement that he would kill Mrs. Stokes if he did not receive the money—he was then charged and said, "Right."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-66" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-66" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-66" type="surname" value="STOKES"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-66" type="given" value="MARY ANN ELLIZA"/>MARY ANN ELLIZA STOKES</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of George Stokes, a com
<lb/>positor, of 65, Riversdale Road, Highbury—I know the prisoner—he is the brother of the young woman who has been my help for over thirty years—her name was Amy Clifton, but she is now Mrs. Colling—on "September 5th I received a letter, on September 6th a second, and on September 7th a third (
<hi rend="italic">Ex. B., dated September</hi> 5
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>): "Mrs. Stokes, Don't forget the money to-night, because if you do you must put up with the punishment; I am starving; that is what makes me desperate, so don't forget. I was watching all your movements last night. I saw you go in the grocer's shop, then along of some man to post a letter in the pillar box. I walked the side of you last night down Riversdale Road, and you did not know me, so it will be easy for me to do what I want to do if you don't send me some money to-night. G. S. Bring some money outside Surrey Theatre, Blackfriars Road, to-night"—the envelope is addressed, "Mrs. Stokes, 65, Riversdale Road, Highbury"—I also received this letter, dated September 6th: "Mrs. Stokes, you have not sent me any money, so look out. Revenge is sweet, and my knife is sharp"—I think all the letters came by post, but the first one was not paid for, and we had to pay 2d.—we sent two letters to the police station, the third we had sent to the prisoner's sister at St. Albans—it was the one dated September 5th.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-67" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-67" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-67" type="surname" value="SCARFF"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-67" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL SCARFF</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector N.</hi>) I took the charge against the prisoner when he was brought to the station on September 7th—he said, "I sent some threatening letters to Mrs. Stokes; if she
<hi rend="italic">don't</hi> send me some money I intend to kill her"—I gave him an envelope and asked him to address it to Mrs. Stokes—he did so in my presence—I compared it with the letters produced by Mrs. Stokes, and in my opinion the handwriting is the same—I was afterwards shown another letter by Mrs. Stokes, which appeared to the in the same writing—it was dated September 5th.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-68" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-68" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-68" type="surname" value="COLLING"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-68" type="given" value="AMY"/>AMY COLLING</persName> </hi>. My name was once Amy Clifton—I have lived for over thirty years, before I was married, with Mrs. Stokes—the prisoner is my brother.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner's defence.</hi> "I have suffered with my head a lot and I have "been put away in an asylum once, and I have been under observation, I should like my stepmother to speak for me."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Evidence for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-69" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-69" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-69" type="surname" value="CLIFTON"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-69" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE CLIFTON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>). I am the prisoner's stepmother—I married his father in September, thirty years ago—I took the prisoner as a baby—he lived at home until he was thirteen, when he was sent to a school at Redhill—I used to visit him every six months—it was a philanthropic or truant school—he got on pretty well, but suffered cruelly from his head, and he always has done at times since he was a child—he stayed at the school for three years—when he came out he did a little work as a labourer and then went into the Army—at times he was sensible, but he had to lose many days on account of his head—he could not bear any noise; he used</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160013"/>
<p>to sit very quiet as though he did not want anyone to speak to him; at other times he was all right—he was like that nearly every month; some
<lb/>times it would last a couple of days, sometimes not more than a day—I do not know what regiment he went into—he was away from home for over twelve months, and I did not see him—he wrote to me now and then, but not very sensibly at times—at other times he would write sensibly—he was discharged from the Army and was in an asylum at Dublin—they sent home to me to see if I would have him as a harmless lunatic and I took him home again—then he enlisted in another regiment—he was in the Army for over four years; he was in the South African war—from there he went to India, where he was for two years—it was ten or eleven years ago that he was in the asylum in Dublin—he was in Netley Hospital for three months after he had been in India—I did not see him there—then he came home, two years ago last July—he has been at home ever since—he was discharged from the Army owing to a little trouble, but I do not know what it was—that was two years ago—he was discharged from the Army to Wandsworth prison; I think it was for losing his kit—eleven months before that he was in Canterbury—he had two years there—I went to visit him there—I asked him how his head was then, and he said it was very bad—he came home last May and has been home chiefly since then—he has been helping me, turning the mangle and looking after the place when I was at work—I used to leave him in charge with his father—I never left him in charge alone—he has had ever so many attacks with his head—I have known him lie in bed for two or three days—when his mind was bad he never wrote letters—I cannot call it to mind that he has been under observation since he was in Dublin—he was in Southwark Infirmary for a fortnight and then they asked me to have him home again, which I did.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19051016-733-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-733-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-733-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony at Newington Sessions, on December</hi> 10
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1895.
<hi rend="italic">Four other convictions were proved against him.
<rs id="t19051016-733-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-733-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-733-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-733-19051016 t19051016-733-punishment-10"/>Three years' penal servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday and Thursday, October</hi> 17
<hi rend="italic">th and</hi> 19
<hi rend="italic">th and</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">Monday, October</hi> 23
<hi rend="italic">rd</hi>, 1905.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19051016-734">
<interp inst="t19051016-734" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19051016"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-734" type="date" value="19051016"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19051016-734-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-734-19051016 t19051016-734-offence-1 t19051016-734-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-734-19051016" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-734-19051016" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-734-19051016" type="age" value="50"/>
<interp inst="def1-734-19051016" type="surname" value="ELLIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-734-19051016" type="given" value="JOHN GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN GEORGE ELLIS</hi> (50)</persName>
<rs id="t19051016-734-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-734-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-734-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi> to feloniously forging and uttering an endorsement to a bill of exchange for £50, with intent to defraud.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">It was stated that</hi> £35
<hi rend="italic">would be recovered.
<rs id="t19051016-734-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-734-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-734-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> </rs>
<rs id="t19051016-734-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-734-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-734-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-734-19051016 t19051016-734-punishment-11"/>Judgment respited for that purpose.</rs> </hi>—And</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19051016-735" type="date" value="19051016"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19051016-735-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-735-19051016 t19051016-735-offence-1 t19051016-735-verdict-"/>
<persName id="def1-735-19051016" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-735-19051016" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-735-19051016" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-735-19051016" type="surname" value="CHAPMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-735-19051016" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS CHAPMAN</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t19051016-735-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-735-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-735-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/> to feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19051016-name-72" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-72" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-72" type="surname" value="TAPLING"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-72" type="given" value="ELIZABETH ANN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19051016-735-offence-1 t19051016-name-72"/>Elizabeth Ann Tapling</persName>, his wife being alive. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">It appearing that in the event of his not being sentenced to imprisonment he would rejoin the Army, and in consideration of Elizabeth Ann Tapling not desiring him to be punished,
<rs id="t19051016-735-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-735-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-735-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-735-19051016 t19051016-735-punishment-12"/>the Court discharged him on his own recognisances</rs>.</hi>
<rs id="t19051016-735-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-735-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-735-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19051016-736" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19051016"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-736" type="date" value="19051016"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19051016-736-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-736-19051016 t19051016-736-offence-1 t19051016-736-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19051016-736-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-736-19051016 t19051016-736-offence-1 t19051016-736-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-736-19051016" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-736-19051016" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-736-19051016" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-736-19051016" type="surname" value="YOUNG"/>
<interp inst="def1-736-19051016" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK YOUNG</hi> (19)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-736-19051016" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-736-19051016" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-736-19051016" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def2-736-19051016" type="surname" value="FREEDMAN"/>
<interp inst="def2-736-19051016" type="given" value="MORRIS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MORRIS FREEDMAN</hi> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t19051016-736-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-736-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-736-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, Stealing sixty gross of hair nets and eight stocking suspenders, the pro
<persName id="t19051016-name-75" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-75" type="surname" value="BRANDON"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-75" type="given" value="JAMES EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19051016-736-offence-1 t19051016-name-75"/>James Edward Brandon</persName> and another, the masters of Young</rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">YOUNG</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19051016-736-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-736-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-736-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160014"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEYCESTER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DRAKE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended</hi> Freedman.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-76" type="surname" value="BRANDON"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-76" type="given" value="JAMES EDWARD"/>JAMES EDWARD BRANDON</persName> </hi>. I am a member of the firm of Wagner & Brandon, manufacturers and agents, of Aldermanburv Building, E.C.—Young had been in our service as porter for four years, carrying goods from one place to another—he had nothing to do with buying or selling—at the annual stocktaking on June 20th we missed about 100 hair nets—at the end of July we missed about six gross in one number, And when we took the stock at the beginning of October we missed thirty odd gross—in consequence of that on October 2nd I had a con
<lb/>versation with Young, and he made a confession to me—I sent for the police and gave him into custody—I afterwards went with the police to Freedman's small draper's shop in Crystal Palace Road, East Dulwich where I saw in the window some fringe nets—I spoke to a little girl who was passing, and after giving her some money she went into the shop—she brought out two hair nets in an envelope (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>), one of them wrapped in this piece of tissue paper (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>)—they are of the kind missed by me—she handed them to me—with detectives Marriott and Board I went into the shop—Marriot told Freedman that they were police officers; that they had the lad Young in custody, who had made a voluntary statement that he had taken a lot of nets belonging to Messrs. Wagner & Brandon; that Young had also made a confession that he had sold the goods to him (Freedman)—Freedman denied having had any hair nets from Young, but said that he had met a lad about ten months ago, he thought it was in Milton Street, and had had some con
<lb/>versation with him, but he had had no dealings with him since—the detectives said they would search his shop and see if he had any goods—we went through several boxes and in one of them I picked out eighteen hair nets which I identified as mine, principally by the packing and the length, which is a little longer than is usually made in this number; they are made abroad specially for me—according to my direction the mesh is a little larger than usual, and that is what makes it longer—also one of the nets is darker than is usual—I also found some tissue paper which is similar to the tissue paper in which one of the nets obtained by the little girl was wrapped—it was tissue paper that came over with the hair nets which I ordered from abroad—it has little squares in it which I have never seen in any other tissue paper—I had not used any of it, and no goods of mine which left my premises properly were wrapped up in it—he also produced these three stocking suspenders (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>), which I identified as mine, as the attachment to the corset is my patent—when suspenders are properly sold from my premises they are wrapped up like this—when found in Freedman's shop they were loose—there is nothing to stop the purchaser unwrapping them—we had only sold three dozen of that particular number of suspender from March to June in London, and there was one house who put them on their pattern card last July; they sold a few dozen, but I feel sure they went to the country,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160015"/>
<p>because only country travellers came—we sell our hair nets at about 32s. to 35s. a gross wholesale, getting about 10 per cent, profit.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> We have a very large business in these nets and we sell large quantities of them—I would not like to say we are the only makers of the particular length of those nets the little girl purchased—one of these nets is 63 to 64 centimetres and 40 to 42 meshes; you can get various quantities of meshes into 64 centimetres—40 to 42 meshes is not the universal length—I am not sure that that other net is ours—I do not identify them by the colour—I am not at all doubtful about the ones found in Freedman's shop; I only took those which I thought I could absolutely identify as my property—we sell about 200 or 300 gross in six months; we are wholesale and sell them to retailers in London, and they undoubtedly sell them to men in Freedman's position—we sell stocking suspenders to Rotheran's—I know there is an auction room in Milton street and it is possible that men in Freedman's position would buy job lots of haberdashery there—our customers employ Button's, the carriers, to fetch goods; they pay carriage—I know that a quantity of goods was lost by Sutton which was afterwards sold by Fryer & Cooper, but they were not nets—we employ a good many men and women workers in the factory and warehouse—I do not know of any other loss in hair nets but through Young; I can put my finger on no one else and we have dealt with it in every way possible—we suspect no one else—we had full faith in Young and he had the keys of the warehouse—when we went to Freedman's shop he had some of the nets in the window, "which we asked him to produce—he said he had bought the goods at an auctioneer's; I think he mentioned the name of Fryer & Cooper, and he gave a catalogue to the detective—I have the particulars of what we lost through Sutton, and I have every reason to believe Young when he said he lost them—he lost them in Button's yard—we communicated with Sutton and they tried to trace them—it may have been that Young stole them—amongst them were twenty "Trixy" suspenders—I do not know whether the goods were sold; we have not recovered them—we might have sold 150 to 200 dozen of these suspenders in the country; they run from 4s. 6d. a dozen upwards—they are not articles that can be purchased on a barrow from a hawker; it may be possible, but I should say it is most exceptional—I cannot get hair nets at 14s. to 18s. a gross; you are thinking of the silk nets—I know Jacobs & Wolf, of Hounsditch, and I think they are in a large way of business—I should say the price of these nets which you say have been bought at their place (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) is from 24s. to 27s. a gross—ours are larger and of much better quality than these.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-77" type="surname" value="YOUNG"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-77" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK YOUNG</persName> </hi>. I am nineteen years of age—I have pleaded guilty to this indictment and am ready to tell the truth about the matter—I was a porter in the service of Wagner & Brandon and I took out par
<lb/>cels and goods for them—about fifteen months ago I was going along Milton Street from Featherstone Street with a parcel that had printed on it "Ladies' fringe nets" and the name and address of certain cus
<lb/>tomers, when I met Freedman in company with two gentlemen outside</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160016"/>
<p>the auction rooms—he left them and stopped me as I was going along—he said, "Does your master sell job lines?" and I said, "No, we sell to all the big firms in the City," and pointing to "Tubbs & Hiscock's" I said, "We sell to that firm"—he said, "Can you get any?"—I asked him what he meant, and he said, "You know"—I said, "All right; I will try"—he gave me his card, which had on it, "Mr. Freedman, 112, Crystal Palace Road"; I am not quite sure whether it said what he was—I afterwards showed it to Mr. Hodson, and then tore it up—the prisoner promised me 10s. for one gross—the parcel I was carrying hat not the name of the firm on it—he asked me where I was employed and I told him "Wagner & Brandon's, I, Aldermanbury Buildings"—he said, "I will be here next Tuesday. Do not forget to meet me"—between that and the next Tuesday I got a gross of hair nets from the governor's drawer, of which I had the keys—I had stolen nothing before then—I met Freedman on the Tuesday at the same place and we both went to Basinghall Street, where I handed him the goods—he gave me 4s., and I said, "Is this all?"—he said, "I will give you the rest next time, as I am very short of cash. Do not forget to meet me next Tuesday, if you can"—the next Tuesday I met him at the same place with one more gross—we both went to Paper Street and he gave me 7s. for it—after that I took him some every other week—some weeks he gave me 5s. and some weeks 4s. 6d. and 4s.—on one occasion I got him two gross, when he gave me 10s.—the highest I have got for a gross is 7s.—I spent the money in getting good dinners and backing horses—I lost except once or twice—on the Tuesday before I was caught he said, "I have got a special order for three gross, one light colour, one mid colour and one dark colour," and I told him I could not get him too many—the gross that I gave him that day was the last he had—I was caught on the next Monday, October 2nd—he never had the three gross—about three months ago he asked me once if we sold anything else and I said stocking suspenders, and he told me to fetch him a sample—I met him at Fryer & Cooper's and gave him eight, for which he gave me 3d. and Is. for myself—they are sold by my master at 4s. 6d. a dozen—at his request I went to his shop in Crystal Palace Road with nets about four times—Arthur Wadsworth, a friend of mine, came with me two or three times—I asked him to lend me 6d. for riding money, which he did, and when I got the money from Freedman I paid him Is., 6d. his expenses and 6d. I had borrowed—I asked him to come as a favour—he is eighteen years old and helps in a glass beveller's shop; I believe he is out of work now, but he was at Newton's then—we went by a train from Ludgate Hill—when I borrowed the sixpence it was eight or nine months ago—he has been with me since—we used to go on Thursdays, and the last time he came with me was about six weeks before August Bank Holiday—on Monday, October 2nd, I made a full confession to Mr. Brandon and since then I have been in prison—Wadsworth came to see me once in prison—I had 15s. wages—I sold Freedman about sixty gross altogether—six or seven weeks ago I sold about seven gross of nets to another man who had nothing to do with Freedman.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160017"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I knew the difference between right and wrong when I met Freedman first; I had been three and a half years in Wagner & Brandon's employ—I believe that morning I had called at Tubbs & His
<lb/>cock's to see if they had any orders—the man whom I sold the other nets to was called Strutt—I made the statement before the Magistrate that I had sold Strutt seven gross, but that was not accepted and he was discharged—sometimes Strutt gave me 2s. 6d. and sometimes 3s. a gross, but they were only small nets—I am certain I sold to nobody else but him and Freedman—I lost two parcels at Button's—I do not know what they contained; I do not think it was suspenders, but haberdashery of some kind; I know there were some steels that go into ladies' stays—I do not know that they were afterwards sold at Fryer & Cooper's—as far as I know, there were no other goods lost through any other employes—I do not know that a great many other goods were lost and can be traced besides those that I was dealing with—I first told Wadsworth all about this two months ago, and he said he would not do it if he
<hi rend="italic">was me</hi>—I told no one in my master's employ till I told Mr. Brandon—I did not mention anything about Wadsworth in my statement, because I never thought of him until I saw him in the Police Court—I was not present when Freed
<lb/>man told Mr. Brandon and the detective that he had had no dealings with me; he once said to me, "You have made a nice
<hi rend="italic">mess</hi> of it"—they did not say that if I made a statement I would notget much imprisonment—my master asked me to make it before I went to the detectives at all.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Wadsworth came to see me at the prison before I came up at the Police Court, to bring me some
<hi rend="italic">grub.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-78" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-78" type="surname" value="MARRIOT"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-78" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD MARRIOT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective, City</hi>). On October 2nd Young made a statement to me which I wrote down and he signed—in consequence of what he said on that day, I went to Freedman's place in Crystal Palace Road with Mr. Brandon and another officer—outside Mr. Brandon sent in a little girl, who brought out two nets in a little parcel—we went in and saw Freedman—I told him we were police officers and that we had got a lad in custody in the City who had made a statement in which he said that he had been in the habit of supplying him (Freedman) with a quantity of fringe nets—I then gave him an outline of the statement, in reply to which he said, "I did speak to a boy in Milton Street. I noticed he had a large envelope with 'Fringe nets' on it. I asked him where he worked and he told me some name, but I forget. I then asked him if his master had any job lots"—I told him we were going to search his shop and he assisted us by fetching down some boxes—Mr. Brandon picked out eighteen hair nets and three stocking suspenders from various boxes—I asked Freedman how he accounted for the possession of the fringe nets, and he said, "I bought them under the hammer either in Milton Street or Hounsditch a few months ago"—he said that he had bought the suspenders in a job lot at Fryer & Cooper's sale on July 11th this year, and at the same time he handed me this catalogue, dated July 11th (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>)—there is no mention of suspenders in it and I have been right through it—Mr. Brandon said, "These are my goods, and I am</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160018"/>
<p>going to give you into custody"—I asked Freedman if he had got any invoices for the fringe nets, and he looked through his papers—he showed me lots of papers, but nothing relating to fringe nets or suspenders—I took him to Moor Lane police station, where he was confronted with Young, whose statement was read to him, to which he said nothing (
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>): "I live at 25, Ashford Place, Walthamstow. About eighteen months ago I was in Milton Street with a parcel of fringe net envelopes. A man I know now by the name of Freedman and living at 152, Crystal Palace Road, stopped me and asked me if my governor sold any job lines. I said, 'No.' He then said, 'Can you get any?' I said, 'I will try.' He said, 'I will give you 10s. for a gross.' He then gave me his card with his name and address on. In a few days I got a gross, met him in Milton Street, and gave them to him. He gave me 4s. for them and promised me double the amount next time. The following week I got another gross, met him by arrangement at the same place, gave them to him, and he gave me 7s. I have given him a gross every other week since, the last time being last Tuesday. About seven weeks ago I took eight suspenders, for which he gave me 3d. On three occasions I have taken them (the nets) to his shop in Crystal Palace Road. I should think he has had about sixty gross altogether and has paid me at the rate of about 5s. per gross. About three weeks ago I was in conversation with Harry Strutt, who lives in the third house on the right in Hartley Crescent, Walthamstow. I told him I was working in the fringe net trade. He said, 'I know where to sell some if you get any.' I have got about seven gross at different times. He has paid me 3s. or 4s. a gross for them.
<hi rend="smallCaps">F. YOUNG</hi>."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not warn Freedman before I asked him any
<lb/>thing—I went with Young's statement, which is in my handwriting, in my pocket—I wrote it down from what he told me at the station—I made out a rough draft and then wrote it out fresh—I warned Young before he made it; I had had no conversation with Mr. Brandon then—I did not warn Freedman, because he was not in custody; I simply went to make inquiries—some hair nets were in the window—there were a very few nets indeed in the shop—there were eighteen identified and perhaps another eighteen which were not—there were only three suspended there—I did not hear him say in the presence of Brandon that he had had no dealings with Young—if I had heard him say it, it would have been in the note which I made at the time—it might have been said to Mr. Brandon at the other end of the shop; I put down everything I heard—I have made inquiries about Freedman and find that he has been carrying on an honest business; I cannot say for what length of time; we found nothing against him—my inquiries go back for three or four years—he took the catalogue from his jacket pocket, in which he had a number of other catalogues—I did not ask him for any accounts—I saw a number of slips like this (
<hi rend="italic">Auctioneer's account slip, produced</hi>)—I believe he has purchased goods from Fryer & Cooper; in fact he purchased two lots out of the catalogue of July 11th—I only made inquiries about the sale on July 11th.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160019"/>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> He bought lots 205 and 211 in the July 11th catalogue—205 is "Large box of sundries, a quantity of hoops, and a pair of stays," And 211, "A tin trunk and contents, and a silk lamp shade."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-79" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-79" type="surname" value="WAGNER"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-79" type="given" value="JAMES PACKER"/>JAMES PACKER WAGNER</persName> </hi>. I am a partner in the firm of Wagner & Brandon—I have seen the nets and suspenders produced, and they are identical to the goods which we have in stock.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-80" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-80" type="surname" value="WADSWORTH"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-80" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR WADSWORTH</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer in a glass beveller's, but I am out of work at present—Young is a friend of mine—I have been to Crystal Palace Road with him three times, the first time about twelve months Ago—we went from Ludgate Hill to Peckham Bye and then got out and walked to 152, Crystal Palace Road, Mr. Freedman's place—Young paid the fares; he borrowed the money from me—he had a parcel with him—when he went inside the shop he gave it to Freedman, who put it under the counter—I was standing outside looking in at the window—Freedman paid Young some money at the door, but I could not see what it was—Young gave me the 1s. I lent him—this was on Thursday evening after I had done work—I left off at 7 p.m., and I met him about 7.20, getting to Crystal Palace Road at 8.15—each of the other two times I went with him he had a parcel which he gave to Freedman—it was only the first time that he borrowed money from me—the other two times were on a Thursday evening, and Freedman always paid him at the door; his shop was open.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The last occasion I went was eight months ago; I cannot tell you the month—he always met me at 7.20 p.m.—I went with him a month before that and the first time was a month before that—I saw Young for the last time about two months ago at Walthamstow, standing at a greengrocer's stall in High Street; I did not speak to him—I went out with him as a friend two months after the last time I went to Crystal Palace Road—it was a small brown paper parcel tied up with white string—I never went into Freedman's shop—I could see through the window there were some goods in it—the first time I went Mrs. Freed
<lb/>man came and spoke to Freedman—I did not notice any customers in the shop on any of the occasions—I was asked last Thursday by Mr. Marriot to give evidence here—I visited Young in prison last Wednesday—I heard that he had been arrested on the Monday evening a fortnight ago; his sister came and told me—I took him some food—I did not mention this to anybody from the last time I went to Crystal Palace Road until that Wednesday—Mr. Marriot asked me to go to Mr. Myers to give evidence against the prisoners—I read about it in the paper—Marriot said, "Be careful and speak the truth"—I only knew from the papers that Young was charged with theft.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I made a statement to Mr. Myers, which was taken down in writing—it was read over to me and I signed it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-81" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-81" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-81" type="surname" value="MARRIOT"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-81" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD MARRIOT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Further cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DRAKE</hi>). I visited Freedman's shop on two occasions—I do not know whether it is possible to see through the window of the shop into the shop—there were a large number of articles of wearing apparel hanging in the window.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Freedman, in his defence on oath, said true it was true he had met a boy,</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160020"/>
<hi rend="italic">whom he supposed was Young, about a year ago, and had asked him whether his master had any job lots to sell, but that the rest of Young's statement was totally untrue; that he had not bought any hair nets nor suspenders from him and had not met Young since that day at all; that he had been in business as a small draper for over eighteen years and had not had any charge made against him; that it was his custom to buy haberdashery in job lots at Fryer & Cooper's auction rooms and at the Milton Street auction rooms; that he had bought the hair nets found in his shop at a sale at Fryer & Cooper's of goods unclaimed at carriers, Suttons being one, on August</hi> 12
<hi rend="italic">th; the catalogue made no mention of hair nets, but they, being of such small value, were not catalogued as a separate article; that it was impossible for anyone to identify hair nets as their own, as he could procure them of the same size and colour as the prosecutors' at any wholesale shop; that he had bought the suspenders from Rotheran & Company, it being possible to obtain similar articles at any wholesale shop; that he had never seen Wadsworth in his life; that he and Young never came to his shop, nor did he pay Young any
<lb/>thing on any of the occasions alleged, and that it was his custom to close his shop at five on Thursdays.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Evidence for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-82" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-82" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-82" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-82" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH COLLINS</persName> </hi>. I reside in East Dulwich and have five daughters—I have been a customer of Freedman for some eight or nine years—I purchased these five pairs of suspenders (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) in the Westmoreland Road, Camberwell, giving 3d. a pair for them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-83" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-83" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-83" type="surname" value="RAWSON"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-83" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN RAWSON</persName> </hi>. I am manager of the auction company that carry on business at 48, Milton Street, our principal business being in haberdashery and soft goods generally—we hold auctions every Tuesday and Thursday—Freedman has been attending them for seven or eight years, buying haberdashery mostly—we sold fringe nets when such stocks came by containing them—if there were not sufficient nets we would not specify them—Freedman has purchased pretty largely of that kind of goods—we have always given him accounts, which he has paid—the average price of hair nets is about 3s. or 3s. 6d. a gross—it is possible to get any quantity required in our rooms.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. Customers have to pay before clearing the goods—we give them two days in which to clear them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have a full knowledge of drapery—I know that a silk or hair net is different to a cotton one—nets vary in quality and some are very much more expensive than others—it would not matter whether they were cheap or otherwise; if there were not sufficient for one lot we should put it with other articles and call it "A quantity of haber dashery"—we generally get bankrupt stock, but we buy salvage at times—we could not possibly sort hair nets out into their different qualities; they would all go in together.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-84" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-84" type="surname" value="BURDEN"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-84" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL BURDEN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>). I am a warder at Brixton prison—when a prisoner is awaiting trial he can be visited any day—a warder is present to keep order, but not to listen, and there are too many talking to enable him to hear much that is said.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160021"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREEDMAN</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19051016-736-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-736-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-736-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19051016-736-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-736-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-736-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-736-19051016 t19051016-736-punishment-13"/>Twelve months' hard labour</rs>.</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">YOUNG</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19051016-736-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-736-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-736-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-736-19051016 t19051016-736-punishment-14"/>six months, hard labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19051016-737">
<interp inst="t19051016-737" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19051016"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-737" type="date" value="19051016"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19051016-737-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-737-19051016 t19051016-737-offence-1 t19051016-737-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-737-19051016" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-737-19051016" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-737-19051016" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-737-19051016" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-737-19051016" type="given" value="EVA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EVA JOHNSON</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t19051016-737-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-737-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-737-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Conspiring with
<persName id="t19051016-name-86" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-86" type="surname" value="PAYNTER"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-86" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19051016-737-offence-1 t19051016-name-86"/>Thomas Paynter</persName> to cheat and defraud
<persName id="t19051016-name-87" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-87" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-87" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-87" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19051016-737-offence-1 t19051016-name-87"/>Eliza Wright</persName> and others, and obtaining money by false pretences from those persons.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MATHEWS</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution, offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19051016-737-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-737-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-737-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19051016-738">
<interp inst="t19051016-738" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19051016"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-738" type="date" value="19051016"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19051016-738-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-738-19051016 t19051016-738-offence-1 t19051016-738-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-738-19051016" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-738-19051016" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-738-19051016" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-738-19051016" type="surname" value="HAMILTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-738-19051016" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FRANCIS HAMILTON</hi> (36)</persName>
<rs id="t19051016-738-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-738-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-738-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Incurring a debt and liability to the
<persName id="t19051016-name-89" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-89" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19051016-738-offence-1 t19051016-name-89"/>Midland Railway Company</persName> for £11 15s. 9d., and credit for that amount under false pretences.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-90" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-90" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-90" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-90" type="given" value="WILLIAM HARRY"/>WILLIAM HARRY THOMPSON</persName> </hi>. I am reception clerk at the Midland Grand Hotel, St. Pancras—I produce the Reception Book for April 12th last—I was acting as reception clerk when the prisoner came that day—I saw him write this: "Sir Francis and Lady Hamilton, Lyndhurst"—there was a small amount of luggage—so far as I know, I never saw him before—a great many people come to the hotel.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> I saw you write that name in the register—the only luggage I saw of yours was a bag and a portmanteau—I did not see five trunks of baggage, nor as much as a four-wheeler would carry—I said before the Magistrate that your luggage could be carried by hand, what I saw of it—you did not tell me you were a baronet—I cannot say whether you have been in the hotel before; I have only been there six weeks—if a man comes without luggage I ask for a deposit—I do not give credit only on the name—if a man uses different names I should say it was wrong—possibly people assume names—I should say this is a Midland Hotel bill (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>)—it is not my writing—it is made out to Sir Francis Hamilton, and the dates are March 10th to 14th—I do not see any year—the amount is paid—the hotel account books have nothing to do with me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-91" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-91" type="surname" value="KIMPTON"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-91" type="given" value="GEORGE HENRY JAMES"/>GEORGE HENRY JAMES KIMPTON</persName> </hi>. I am cashier at the Midland Grand Hotel, St. Pancras—on April 12th the prisoner and a lady arrived—by the Reception Book I knew them as Sir Francis and Lady Hamilton, Lyndhurst—we accepted them as such—they were allotted room 202—they remained till the afternoon of April 20th—the practice is to send in the bill on the fifth day unless there is a special arrangement—following that practice, the bill was sent in on April 17th—the prisoner came to me that day—I requested payment and he said he would get a cheque cashed and he would pay us on the 17th—on that, day he said he would get a cheque cashed and would pay us—we did not get payment on the 18th or 19th—on the 20th he said he was leaving the hotel that he had not had time, or that it was not convenient to get his cheque cashed and in a con
<lb/>versation I had with him he regretted that he was regarded with suspicion—I said I was not able to find his title in "Burke," or in the "Red Book," and he explained that he had come into the title in February of this year—I think I said, "I do not know whether you are a knight or, a baronet, "but I will not swear to that—he gave his address as Lyndhurst, new forest—he said he was known there—he gave another address at Leeds—he</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160022"/>
<p>offered to leave his luggage, and considering, as he suggested, we had cast suspicions on him, and regarding him as an influential man, a knight or a baronet who might get me into trouble, I desired to conciliate him and consented to cash the cheque—he then gave me this cheque on the York
<lb/>shire Penny Bank for £11 15s. 9d.—the cheque was paid into that bank in Leeds—we had already a Leeds address as well—we have cheques on that bank sometimes, which is a large bank, although it originated as a Penny Bank—the cheque was returned marked "R.D." as it appears now—I reported the circumstances and swore an information on May 19th—I next saw the prisoner before the Magistrate at Clerkenwell—I produce a similar copy of account to that supplied to the prisoner—it shows apart
<lb/>ments, 10s., dinner each night, 10s., and an account of wines, etc., to the amount of £11 15s. 9d.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> In consequence of our request for payment you came to the office and saw me on April 16th or 17th—letters came addressed to you and to Lady Hamilton from Lyndhurst—I did not look at your luggage in your room because of what your dog might do—I should say it was a cross between an Airedale and an Irish terrier; I should not have taken it for a pure Irish terrier which had won the prize at the Dublin Show—you offered to leave your luggage—you obtained credit before you brought the cheque—I am aware that you have stayed at the Mid
<lb/>land Hotels—I have been told so; at Leeds, for one, but I do not know how many.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-92" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-92" type="surname" value="QUAGLIA"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-92" type="given" value="EDGAR"/>EDGAR QUAGLIA</persName> </hi>. I am head waiter at the Parisian Restaurant, Mid
<lb/>land Hotel—I recognise the prisoner as having stayed in the hotel, and I have seen him in the restaurant, in which there is a system of checking, and I produce my duplicate for April 18th, on which day the prisoner had his meals in the restaurant at the table d'hote.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-93" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-93" type="given" value="JOHN ARTHUR"/>JOHN ARTHUR GREEN</persName> </hi>. I am chief cashier at the Midland Penny Bank Head Office at Leeds—this is the certificate of the bank's incorporation under the Companies' Acts—it has a capital of about £15,000,000—the prisoner opened an account at that bank in the name of Francis Hamilton on April 17th, 1904—that account was operated on till November 22nd—the prisoner's balance was £1 4s. 7d. on January 1st last—a cheque was presented for £10 8s., which made an overdraft of £9 3s. 5d., and, the usual course being adopted, the prisoner was written to on January 30th, February 3rd, and February 9th, and by our solicitors on February 13th the address on February 8th was 25, Earl's Court Gardens—the pass-book was not made up—nothing was paid in since January, 1904—six other cheques have been presented to the amount of about £63, and marked, "R.D.," one on April 11th, and re-presented on April 13th, for £10 7s. 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., another for £5, and another for £6 5s. 9d., and on April 26th the cheque for £11 15s. 9d., one on May 13th for £8 0s. 8d., and May 15th for £2, all after a letter of February 5th, which we received from Francis Hamilton, of Earl's Court Gardens.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There was no introduction—the account was opened with h cash, £5—altogether about £145 was paid in—fifty seven cheques were cashed—I do not know William Bird," of Leeds, as a customer.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160023"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-94" type="surname" value="EGGETT"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-94" type="given" value="ARTHUR HOWLETT"/>ARTHUR HOWLETT EGGETT</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the department of the Home Office, which deals with honours conferred by His Majesty—amongst the baronetcies created this year the name of Sir Francis Hamilton does not appear—the prisoner is not known to me—I have not heard of him before—I have been in the Home Office twenty-five years.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> A complete list is kept—we only deal with carrying out the King's wishes with regard to the creation of baronetcies—baronetcies of 100 or 150 years old are recorded in the Peerage, and at the College of Arms—baronetcies created in the reign of James I are recorded else where, and claims as to dormant baronetcies have to be submitted to, and established to the satisfaction of, His Majesty.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-95" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-95" type="surname" value="GOODCHILD"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-95" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES GOODCHILD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Sergeant Y.</hi>) From information received, on September 20th, about 11.15, I stopped the prisoner in Hargrave Road, Holloway—I asked him if his name was Hamilton—he said, "No"—I said, "I am a police sergeant, and hold a warrant for the arrest of a man of the name of Sir Francis Hamilton for obtaining credit under false pre
<lb/>tences on the 10th of April last, to the amount of £11, at the Midland Grand Hotel in the name of Sir Francis Hamilton; you will have to go to the station"—he said, "Very well"—I got a cab, and conveyed him to the station—on the way he said, "May I speak to you in the manner of a conversation, or will what I say be given in evidence?"—I said, "You had better not say anything till you get to the police station"—he also asked me if he could return to the Grand Hotel, and settle the matter—I said, "No, you will have to go to the police station—at the station the question was asked by the inspector, and the name given as the man referred to in the warrant, Sir Francis Hamilton, and he was charged—when the charge was read over he made no reply—when searched at the station £4 10s. in gold was found upon him, and a few shillings, and two visiting cards, with "Sir Francis Hamilton, Bart." upon them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You did not say, "I shall not tell you whether I am or am not Sir Francis Hamilton."</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence, produced a number of Midland and other hotel bills which he said he had paid, and stated that he had reason to believe his cheque would have been met; that he had no intention to defraud, and that he offered to leave his luggage. He also complained that he had not had an opportunity of procuring witnesses. The case was therefore adjourned till Monday next.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Old Court, October</hi> 23
<hi rend="italic">rd.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner stated that he was not able to produce any witness. He then added upon oath that he expected money from a bill of sale for £90 on his horse and trap, silver, and furniture and effects at East Barsham Holly a house which he rented; that he did not say he was a baronet, but what he did say, when told the title could not be found, was, "You will find my name in your books," and not that he came into the title in February, as stated in the evidence. He admitted that several of his cheques had been dishonoured; that he had dealings with pawnbrokers; that the title was dormant, and that he was not now claiming it, but denied any intent to defraud, or that he had done more than incur a debt.</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160024"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19051016-738-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-738-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-738-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony at the Man
<lb/>chester Assizes in November</hi>, 1893,
<hi rend="italic">in the name of Francis Miles. Another conviction was proved against him. It was stated that he bore a bad record.
<rs id="t19051016-738-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-738-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-738-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-738-19051016 t19051016-738-punishment-15"/>Twenty months' hard labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, October</hi> 17
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1905.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="t19051016-739" type="date" value="19051016"/>
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<persName id="def1-739-19051016" type="defendantName">
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<interp inst="def1-739-19051016" type="surname" value="CROFT"/>
<interp inst="def1-739-19051016" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN CROFT</hi> (34)</persName>
<rs id="t19051016-739-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-739-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
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<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19051016-739-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-739-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-739-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to marrying
<persName id="t19051016-name-97" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-97" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-97" type="surname" value="PAGE"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-97" type="given" value="LUCY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19051016-739-offence-1 t19051016-name-97"/>Lucy Page</persName>, his wife being alive.
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19051016-739-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-739-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-739-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-739-19051016 t19051016-739-punishment-16"/>Two days' imprisonment.</rs> </hi></rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19051016-740" type="date" value="19051016"/>
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<interp inst="def1-740-19051016" type="surname" value="GORMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-740-19051016" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN GORMAN</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t19051016-740-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-740-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-740-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/> to marrying
<persName id="t19051016-name-99" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-99" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-99" type="surname" value="DUBIG"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-99" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19051016-740-offence-1 t19051016-name-99"/>Mary Dubig</persName>, his wife being alive.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19051016-740-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-740-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-740-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-740-19051016 t19051016-740-punishment-17"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>.</hi>
<rs id="t19051016-740-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-740-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-740-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> —And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19051016-741">
<interp inst="t19051016-741" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19051016"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-741" type="date" value="19051016"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19051016-741-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-741-19051016 t19051016-741-offence-1 t19051016-741-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-741-19051016" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-741-19051016" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-741-19051016" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-741-19051016" type="surname" value="LAWRENCE"/>
<interp inst="def1-741-19051016" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE LAWRENCE</hi> (33)</persName>
<rs id="t19051016-741-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-741-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-741-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/> to three indictments for obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t19051016-name-101" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-101" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-101" type="surname" value="HART"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-101" type="given" value="CHARLOTTE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19051016-741-offence-1 t19051016-name-101"/>Charlotte Hart</persName> and others £1 4s. 1
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and other sums with intent to defraud. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">He received a good character.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19051016-741-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-741-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-741-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-741-19051016 t19051016-741-punishment-18"/>Three months' imprisonment without hard labour</rs>.</hi>
<rs id="t19051016-741-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-741-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-741-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOURTH COURT</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, October</hi> 17
<hi rend="italic">th, and</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>,</p>
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, October</hi> 18
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1905.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before J. A. Rentoul, Esq., K.C.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19051016-742">
<interp inst="t19051016-742" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19051016"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-742" type="date" value="19051016"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19051016-742-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-742-19051016 t19051016-742-offence-1 t19051016-742-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19051016-742-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-742-19051016 t19051016-742-offence-1 t19051016-742-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-742-19051016" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-742-19051016" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-742-19051016" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-742-19051016" type="surname" value="DONOVAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-742-19051016" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN DONOVAN</hi> (34)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-742-19051016" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-742-19051016" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-742-19051016" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def2-742-19051016" type="surname" value="DUTTON"/>
<interp inst="def2-742-19051016" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN DUTTON</hi> (22)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19051016-742-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-742-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-742-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to
<rs id="t19051016-742-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-742-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-742-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>feloniously breaking and entering the shop of Charlotte Aronson and stealing therein six watches, her property, Donovan having been convicted of felony at this Court on September 11th, 1900, and Dutton of felony at the North London Sessions on January 19th, 1901.</rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DONOVAN</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">against whom five other convictions were proved—
<rs id="t19051016-742-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-742-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-742-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-742-19051016 t19051016-742-punishment-19"/>Five years' penal servitude</rs>.</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DUTTON</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">against whom three other convictions was proved—
<rs id="t19051016-742-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-742-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-742-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-742-19051016 t19051016-742-punishment-20"/>Three years' penal servitude</rs>.</hi></p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19051016-743">
<interp inst="t19051016-743" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19051016"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-743" type="date" value="19051016"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19051016-743-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-743-19051016 t19051016-743-offence-1 t19051016-743-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-743-19051016" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-743-19051016" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-743-19051016" type="age" value="66"/>
<interp inst="def1-743-19051016" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-743-19051016" type="given" value="ARMSTRONG PETER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARMSTRONG PETER LEWIS</hi> (66)</persName>
<rs id="t19051016-743-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-743-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-743-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/> to feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19051016-name-105" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-105" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-105" type="surname" value="GAULLE"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-105" type="given" value="BRIDGET"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19051016-743-offence-1 t19051016-name-105"/>Bridget Gaulle</persName> during the lifetime of his wife</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19051016-743-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-743-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-743-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-743-19051016 t19051016-743-punishment-21"/>Eighteen months' hard labour</rs>.</hi>
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<interp inst="t19051016-743-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-743-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-744-19051016" type="surname" value="LOWE"/>
<interp inst="def1-744-19051016" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR LOWE</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t19051016-744-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-744-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-744-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/> to feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19051016-name-107" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-107" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-107" type="surname" value="ROBINSON"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-107" type="given" value="MARY ELLEN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19051016-744-offence-1 t19051016-name-107"/>Mary Ellen Robinson</persName> during the lifetime of his wife. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">He received a good character.
<rs id="t19051016-744-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-744-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-744-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-744-19051016 t19051016-744-punishment-22"/>Twelve months' hard labour</rs>.</hi>
<rs id="t19051016-744-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-744-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-744-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19051016-745" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19051016"/>
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<interp inst="def1-745-19051016" type="surname" value="FOWLER"/>
<interp inst="def1-745-19051016" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM FOWLER</hi> (28)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-745-19051016" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-745-19051016" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-745-19051016" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def2-745-19051016" type="surname" value="WHITWORTH"/>
<interp inst="def2-745-19051016" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES WHITWORTH</hi> (28)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-745-19051016" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-745-19051016" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-745-19051016" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def3-745-19051016" type="surname" value="WEST"/>
<interp inst="def3-745-19051016" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR WEST</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t19051016-745-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-745-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-745-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> to burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t19051016-name-111" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-111" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-111" type="given" value="BARNET"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19051016-745-offence-1 t19051016-name-111"/>Barnet Davis</persName>, with intent to steal therein, Fowler having been convicted of felony at the Guildhall, Westminster, as
<persName id="t19051016-name-112" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-112" type="surname" value="SKINNER"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-112" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19051016-745-offence-1 t19051016-name-112"/>Arthur Skinner</persName> on January 22nd, 1904, and West of felony at the North London Police Court on May 28th, 1904. </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOWLER</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">against whom seven other convictions were proved, and who was stated to be a most dangerous man—
<rs id="t19051016-745-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-745-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-745-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-745-19051016 t19051016-745-punishment-23"/>Seven years' penal servitude</rs>.</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WHIT
<hi rend="italic">against whom two convictions were proved—
<rs id="t19051016-745-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-745-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-745-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-745-19051016 t19051016-745-punishment-24"/>Three years' penal servitude</rs> </hi>;
<hi rend="largeCaps">WEST</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">against whom two other convictions were proved—
<rs id="t19051016-745-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-745-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-745-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-745-19051016 t19051016-745-punishment-25"/>Three years' penal servitude</rs>.</hi>
<rs id="t19051016-745-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-745-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-745-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19051016-746">
<interp inst="t19051016-746" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19051016"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-746" type="date" value="19051016"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19051016-746-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-746-19051016 t19051016-746-offence-1 t19051016-746-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19051016-746-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-746-19051016 t19051016-746-offence-2 t19051016-746-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-746-19051016" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-746-19051016" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-746-19051016" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-746-19051016" type="surname" value="CRISP"/>
<interp inst="def1-746-19051016" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR CRISP</hi> (28)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-746-19051016" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-746-19051016" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-746-19051016" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def2-746-19051016" type="surname" value="DEARLOVE"/>
<interp inst="def2-746-19051016" type="given" value="ALFRED CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED CHARLES DEARLOVE</hi> (31)</persName>
<rs id="t19051016-746-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-746-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-746-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/> to unlawfully conspiring together by false pretences to cheat and defraud the Commissioners of Inland Revenue of divers valuable securities, with intent to defraud. </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DEAR
<rs id="t19051016-746-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-746-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-746-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to forging and uttering acquittances and receipts with intent to defraud, and forging and uttering requests for payment, and feloniously endeavouring to receive and obtain valuable securities by virtue of certain forged instruments. </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CRISP</hi>
<hi rend="italic">who was stated to be the tool of Dearlove—
<rs id="t19051016-746-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-746-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-746-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-746-19051016 t19051016-746-punishment-26"/>Six months' hard labour</rs>.</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DEARLOVE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19051016-746-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-746-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-746-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-746-19051016 t19051016-746-punishment-27"/>Five years' penal servitude</rs>.</hi>
<rs id="t19051016-746-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-746-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-746-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19051016-747" type="date" value="19051016"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19051016-747-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-747-19051016 t19051016-747-offence-1 t19051016-747-verdict-1"/>
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<persName id="def1-747-19051016" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-747-19051016" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-747-19051016" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-747-19051016" type="surname" value="DIETRICH"/>
<interp inst="def1-747-19051016" type="given" value="ADOLF"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ADOLF DIETRICH</hi> (34)</persName>
<rs id="t19051016-747-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-747-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-747-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully obtaining from
<persName id="t19051016-name-116" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-116" type="surname" value="GRAY"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-116" type="given" value="ERNEST CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19051016-747-offence-1 t19051016-name-116"/>Ernest Charles Gray</persName> £30 by false pretences, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. OLIVER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROOTH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-117" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-117" type="surname" value="LAING"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-117" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES LAING</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Sergeant G.</hi>) On August 25th, at 8.30 a.m., I went to 4, Upper Lurline Gardens, Battersea, and saw the prisoner there—I told him I was a police officer and that I held a warrant for his arrest—I com
<lb/>menced to read it to him—he then made me believe that he could not understand English properly—it was then interpreted to him—he said, "It was a bill of sale I had on some furniture I was expecting from Ger
<lb/>many, but it did not come"—he was then taken to the station and charged—nothing further was said by him—it was a Mr. Krause who-interpreted.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The warrant contained legal language; I did not read all that.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> He understood I was a police officer—he understands a certain amount of English.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-118" type="surname" value="MILLS"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-118" type="given" value="WALTER HENRY"/>WALTER HENRY MILLS</persName> </hi>. I am a solicitor of the Supreme Court and Commissioner for Oaths at 5, Finsbury Square—this bill of sale was signed in my presence on April 11th, 1905—I cannot identify anyone in connec
<lb/>tion with it; all I can say is that a male and a female came before me and I administered the oath to them properly—if the declaration does not say that I read it over and explained it to him, then I did not—looking at this attestation, I can say that I did explain this bill of sale to the man.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Possibly hundreds have signed declarations before me since that time—I have no doubt that I explained it in general terms and that he fully appreciated the purport of the document—I do not remember that the man who came before me was a German who did not understand English—I do not remember that the document was tran
<lb/>slated to the prisoner—if it had been translated there would be a special attestation showing that it had been translated and I should have to get somebody to translate it and to administer the oath to him as well.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Before the document, was signed I satisfied myself that he understood what he was doing—in the ordinary course of declarations and affidavits we are not supposed to look at the body of the document.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-119" type="surname" value="GREY"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-119" type="given" value="ERNEST CHARLES"/>ERNEST CHARLES GREY</persName> </hi>. I reside at 32, Dynham Road, West Hamp
<lb/>stead, and am a purchaser of book debts—early in April this year a man named Krause approached me with regard to the prisoner—I went to 55, South Molton Street, alone in the-first instance, and saw the prisoner's, wife—I had a conversation with her to the effect that she wanted £20 or £30 temporarily, that her mother, who was coming over from Germany, had got the proceeds of certain stocks, and shares which she had given orders to sell, by which she had not then got, that it took a long while in Ger
<lb/>many to get the proceeds and that she only wanted the loan for six weeks or perhaps two or three months—further conversation took place and as the result I went on April 7th with Mr. Krause to Frithville Gardens, where I saw the prisoner—I had a conversation with him partly in English and partly translated by Mr. Krause—the prisoner repeated what his</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160026"/>
<p>wife had said—he said he was carrying on business as a dressmaker at South Molton Street, that it was his business, although his wife carried it on in her name, that they wanted to take in lodgers and wanted £36 to buy furniture with, and that they only wanted it till his wife's mother had got the proceeds of the stocks and shares which she had given orders to sell in Germany—he showed me certain furniture there—I said there was not enough to lend money on a bill of sale—he then said, "Oh, there is a lot more now on its way from Germany, particularly two large wardrobes similar to the one you see now, and my wife's mother is coming over and she will bring over a large amount of linen, china, glass and cutlery, and that can be included"—I said I would wait to see what came over—the furniture that I saw there included two mirrors, a large wardrobe, some engravings, two superior lounge chairs and settee, a large Brussels carpet and other things that I cannot now recollect—on April 10th I again went to Frithville Gardens—I saw the prisoner there—Krause went with me—I was shown a considerable amount of china, glass and cutlery, also two large wicker baskets containing linen and in particular two absolutely new bedsteads—I said to the prisoner, referring to the bedsteads, "I suppose these are not on hire?"—he said they had come over from Germany—his wife's mother was there then—I did not speak to her, as she was supposed not to be able to speak English—I took measure
<lb/>ments of the furniture which Krause gave me and made an inventory of it—as a result I had a bill of sale drawn up and a statutory declaration—Krause translated both of them to the prisoner in my presence, and the prisoner's wife, who speaks perfect English, also read it over and told him the purport of it and the declaration—I thought as he was a foreigner it would be advisable, although not necessary, to get the bill of sale taken before a solicitor, so I took the prisoner and his wife over to Mr. Mills, whom I did not know, but who was a Commissioner a short distance away—Mr. Milk explained the effect of the bill of sale to him in English—the prisoner said, "Yes, yes, I understand"—it was then executed by the prisoner in Mr. Mill's presence and he attested it, and the prisoner and his wife also made the declaration before Mr. Mills—I then handed over to the prisoner in the presence of Mr. Mills £30 in bank notes—I took this receipt—the first instalment of the repayment and interest was due on May 11th and the others monthly—I called on the prisoner and asked him about the pay
<lb/>ments—he said he was expecting money from his brother in Germany, who was worth £35,000, and as soon as he got it he would pay me—I did not receive the June instalment—I called on him at Frithville Gardens in June, but found the house empty—I made enquiries and went to Lur
<lb/>line Gardens, Battersea—whilst trying to find the prisoner I met Krause—from what he told me I returned—next morning I received a letter from the prisoner's wife, and as a result I instructed a bailiff to seize the prisoner's furniture—it was put up to auction and realised £7 10s. gross And £5 10s. nett—I did not get the whole of the furniture seized, as prisoner's wife claimed all the linen, china, glass and cutlery, and Mr. Symons, of the Uxbridge Road, claimed the two bedsteads which were included in the bill of sale—if I had known the bedsteads were hired</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160027"/>
<p>and that the linen, etc., were not the prisoner's, I should not have lent the £30.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am not a moneylender—I have lent money to three or four persons introduced by Krause, but in none of the cases have I got my money back, nor am I likely to—I carry on my business at my resi
<lb/>dence—Krause was not my "tout"—this is the only bill of sale trans
<lb/>action I have had—it was registered—I knew I could not get a bill of sale for less than £30—I applied for a warrant, which was granted on my information, but the Magistrate committed the prisoner for perjury only—the case was so mixed up that one point bore on the other—I do not know why the Magistrate did not commit on both charges—my complaint here is that certain of the property included in the bill of sale which the prisoner swore, was not his, but belonged to someone else—I tare no corroboration here of my story—Krause will not be called as a witness by me—I should say his evidence would be utterly unreliable—he has been walking about with the prisoner for the last three days—the linen is not specifically described in the bill of sale—I say the bill of sale is perfectly good against the grantor—the goods were sold by my order on August 1st—we seized two old faulty bedsteads which fetched 5s.—the prisoner put them there as things to be seized—he said they were the two bedsteads—I did not accept them as those included in the bill of sale—I say those two old bedsteads were put there between the seizure and the removal, that the two bedsteads on hire were seized and that the two removed were old ones bought cheap for the purpose of removal—I was taken in by the prisoner's plausible manner and by his false pre
<lb/>tences—I do not speak German—I thought it necessary to have the documents translated to the prisoner for his protection and for mine—before I advanced the £30 I did not get £4—I swear that—I did not get £4 from Krause—it is impossible to get money out of him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> There were no preliminary fees of any kind paid me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-120" type="surname" value="SANSOM"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-120" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK SANSOM</persName> </hi>. I am employed by Mr. Symons, of 134, Ux-bridge Road—he is a furniture dealer—on April 8th last the prisoner and his wife came to our shop—he wanted two bedsteads complete—he paid a deposit of 15s. and arranged to pay for them by weekly instalments—they were sent to 76, Frithville Gardens—I delivered them—my firm afterwards seized them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It is usual on the hire purchase system to pay a deposit—there was nothing irregular or improper in the way it was done.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-121" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-121" type="surname" value="HYDE"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-121" type="given" value="EMILY"/>EMILY HYDE</persName> </hi>. I was a Miss Symons, employed at 134, Uxbridge Road—I remember the prisoner coming to us on April 8th last—I served him with two bedsteads complete on the hire purchase system—he signed an Agreement—we have had no dealings with the prosecutor.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> One bedstead was described in the agreement as being 3 ft. 6 ins.—that was a mistake and it was altered by Mr. Symons at the time to 3 ft. 0 ins.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence on oath, stated that he came to England last November; that he saw an advertisement of Krause & Co., and through Krause was introduced to the prosecutor, as he (the prisoner) wanted to</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160028"/>
<hi rend="italic">borrow some money; that the prosecutor came on April</hi> 7
<hi rend="italic">th, and took the measurements of the furniture; that he wanted to have</hi> £4
<hi rend="italic">first, and then to hand him the advance afterwards; that he (the prisoner) handed the</hi> £4
<hi rend="italic">to Krause, who gave it to the prosecutor; that nothing was read over to him, but that he understood if he did not pay back the money the furniture would belong to the prosecutor; that all Mr. Mills stated that he had to do was to sign; and that the two bedsteads seized were the same as those included in the bill of sale.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19051016-747-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-747-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-747-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<rs id="t19051016-747-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-747-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-747-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-747-19051016 t19051016-747-punishment-28"/>
<hi rend="italic">Discharged on his own recognisances in</hi> £10
<hi rend="italic">on condition that he left the country within a week; if not, to be brought up for sentence.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, October</hi> 18
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1905.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Jelf.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19051016-748">
<interp inst="t19051016-748" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19051016"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-748" type="date" value="19051016"/>
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<persName id="def1-748-19051016" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-748-19051016" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-748-19051016" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-748-19051016" type="surname" value="ABRAHAMS"/>
<interp inst="def1-748-19051016" type="given" value="LEAH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LEAH ABRAHAMS</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t19051016-748-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-748-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-748-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="infanticide"/>, Indicted for, and charged on the Coroner's inquisition with, the wilful murder of her newly-born male child.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-123" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-123" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-123" type="surname" value="MUIR"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-123" type="given" value="MATHEWS,"/>MR. MATHEWS, MR. MUIR</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. A. WARD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HENRIQUES</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-124" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-124" type="surname" value="ABRAHAMS"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-124" type="given" value="SOLOMON"/>SOLOMON ABRAHAMS</persName> </hi>. I live at 65, Wellesley Street, Mile End, and am a tailor—on July 18th the prisoner came to my house—I had never seen her before—she said she was my niece—she said she was the daughter of a brother of mine whom I have never seen, and I have not heard from him for about eighteen years—she said she had two brothers in New York and had been there on a steamer, but was not allowed to land; that she had been sent back to Hamburg and had come from there to London—I agreed to let her live in my house until she could hear from her brother in New York—she occupied a room in which my daughter and Sarah Herman slept—I did not notice anything about her figure or condition—on August 4th I got up at 7 a.m. and about 9 a.m. I went to the water closet in the back yard—I found the pan was blocked and I first used a poker to try and clear it, but it was too short, so I took a stick which was also too short—I then put my band down and pulled up a child's head—I put it down and went and spoke to my wife, who went to the prisoner's room—my wife and I then went to the wash-house together, where we found the trunk of a new
<lb/>born dead child—it was behind a box wrapped in two dusters which the windows are cleaned with—it was near the wash-house door—when I went in I saw the dusters lying, and my
<hi rend="italic">missus</hi> opened them and I could see them—as I went into the wash-house, looking round I could see the dusters—the box was by the door and about half a foot from the wall—the dusters were between the box and the wall—the box was not in a corner; it was the middle of the wall—I went there knowing I was going to find something as I had heard something before I went there—if I had gone there without knowing anything, I do not think I should have noticed the dusters.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> When I went into the wash-house I at once saw the dusters with the body in them—there was up blood on them or on the floor or in the water closet—all the dusters were clean and without bloods—there were no signs of blood has been wiped up—I saw no knife or razor or instru
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160029"/>
<p>with which the head might have been cut off, and none has been found since—I searched the house as well as the police—I prodded the obstruction which I found with the stick several times—these (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) are the stick and poker—I gave the obstruction several hard blows and tried to push it down—I could not get it away, but I prodded it as hard as I could—I could not bring the head up on the stick or poker; it was fixed so hard because the pipe is wide at the top and narrow at the bottom—I had to use my hands to get it up as well as the poker—the outlet of the pan is about as big as my hand—the head was tightly jammed inside the hole—the prisoner was brought to me by two women, Phoebe Hyman and Rachael Cockle, from the same village I come from—I knew the women before and they introduced the prisoner to me as my niece—I am not a rich man and was not pleased to have an additional mouth to feed—at that time I did not believe that she was my niece, and my
<hi rend="italic">missus</hi> asked her a number of questions—I do not know that she answered "No" to almost everything—she was only to stay with me until the ticket came from New York, and she said that in a fortnight she would go back—I was anxious that the ticket should be sent, because I could not keep her—I wrote to the people who she said were her brothers, and got a letter in reply, and I have no doubt as to the prisoner's identity—my name was Bolker and I changed it to Abrahams to make it more English.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-125" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-125" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-125" type="surname" value="ABRAHAMS"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-125" type="given" value="KATE"/>KATE ABRAHAMS</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of the last witness—I remember the prisoner coming to live with us—after she had been with us about a fort
<lb/>night I asked her if she was engaged, because I noticed her condition—she looked as if she might be going to have a child—on Thursday, August 3rd, she went to bed between 9 and 10 p.m.—Sarah Herman and my daughter Sarah occupied the same room—up to that time the prisoner had said nothing about expecting a child, and I saw no preparation for the birth of a child—next morning my husband made a statement to me and I went down to the lavatory—I went and spoke to the prisoner and asked her, "Whatever have you done?"—she did not answer—I said, "Did you have a child?"—she said, "No"—I said, "How can you say 'No'? Your uncle picked the head out of the lavatory pan"—she did not answer and I said, "What have you done with the body?"—she said, "It is in the wash-house"—she told me that at once—I went there and found the trunk of a child behind a box on which I kept my washing tub—it is an egg box about 2 1/2 feet high—it was just a little way from the wall—there was just room for the body of the child, but none to spare—I just looked round and I could bee it—I moved the box a bit, when I saw it, to get at it—when I went into the room I looked round because I did not know where she had put it—I had to look behind the box before I could see the body—it was a small wash-house and has in it a wringer, a few boards, a pail and a washing tub—it is not a place where we sat; there are no chairs or tables—I do the washing and mangling every day if it is necessary, and some
<lb/>times on Sundays—there may be times when I do not go into the wash-house all day—we have water in the kitchen as well—if I do not go into the wash-house perhaps my daughter does—the wash-house opens into the yard—there is no way into it except by the yard—the w.c. adjoins it,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160030"/>
<p>the two together forming an outbuilding, the two doors coming together—there were some dusters with blood on when I found the body, but not much—directly the prisoner told me that she had had a child I knew when I saw the bundle that it was the body—I was so excited that I do not know whether I saw the blood when I first saw the body—I cannot remember if I saw the blood before I opened the bundle—I think the body was wrapped in two or three dusters—I had had them in the wash-house hanging on the line when the washing was done on the Monday or Tuesday—they had been hanging on the line ever since in the wash-house—we might not have wanted those dusters for some days—after I had found the body I went and said to the prisoner, "What do you come here to disgrace me and disgrace my family for?"—she did not answer—I said, "Why did you not tell me you were bad?" and she told me it was not her full time yet—I said, "How comes the head off?"—she said her bowels did not act for a few days, then she said she went to the lavatory and dropped it in the pan—I said, "How come the head off?"—she said she wanted to pull it up and the head came off—she said her age was twenty-one—I sent for Dr. Harman and he sent to the Coroner, who sent for the police.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I went into the wash-house after the prisoner had told me the body was there—I did not go right round, looking behind one place and another before I saw the body—apart from the dusters there was no blood anywhere—the prisoner never made a confidante of me; she was rather sulky and always said "No"—all this time she was waiting for a letter from her brother, and when it came she expected to go to New York—she only speaks Yiddish—only I and my husband in the house speak Yiddish—my daughter could understand a very little—my daughter and the other young woman objected to sleeping in one bed with her, and I then gave the prisoner a chair bed—on the morning of August 4th when I went to her room she was not in great pain and discomfort—I asked her if she had a child and she answered, as she always had done, "No"—she told me she had not gone her full time.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>. When the prisoner came to my place she had three roubles—she did not work, and, as far as I know, spent no money—she did not appear to be in great poverty—she had no box; she only had a change and what she stood up in.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-126" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-126" type="surname" value="HERMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-126" type="given" value="SARAH"/>SARAH HERMAN</persName> </hi>. I am a tailoress and live with Mr. and Mrs. Abrahams at 65, Wellesley Street—on the morning of August 4th I was asleep in the same room as the prisoner—I first got up about daybreak—I saw the prisoner go out; she had on an overall and a pinafore—after she went out of the room I heard her unbolt the yard door—I got out of bed to close the window and then went back to bed again and went to sleep—I did not hear anything afterwards—I next woke up about 7—I then saw the prisoner in bed—I do not think she was asleep, but I am not quite sure—I did not notice anything suspicious about her condition or any dis
<lb/>turbance in the room or any signs of blood.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prisoner wore a chemise and a white blouse in bed, but I do not think they were the same that she wore in the day time—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160031"/>
<p>I did not see her get up or go to bed—she was put to sleep with me at first and I objected—we could not speak together, as I only speak English—she never made a confidante of me—on this morning, from what I could see and hear, I thought she was going to the water closet—she had been down on other nights—I see her a couple of times in the yard—I only see her get up once that night—when I woke up in the morning I do not know if she had a skirt on, because she was covered up with the bedclothes.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-127" type="surname" value="HARMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-127" type="given" value="LEONARD"/>LEONARD HARMAN</persName> </hi>. I am a Bachelor of Medicine, and practice at 24, Ben Johnson Road, E.—on Friday, August 4th, about 11.15 a.m., I was called to see the prisoner—I found her sitting on the bed with, I think, a skirt on—I saw the trunk and head of a newly-born male child—on ex
<lb/>amining the prisoner I found that she had been confined within a few hours—there was dried blood on the underclothing which she had on—I examined the child and inferred that it was a full-timed child, but I cannot say definitely—I found there was about 19 inches of the umbilical cord attached to the child's body; the end of the cord was ruptured—the average length of the cord would be about 2 1/2 or 3 feet—there was some wet paper attached to the child's headland some water in the ears and mouth—I held a
<hi rend="italic">post-mortem</hi> on the following day—I found that there was a fracture of the skull—there was a bruise on the skin corresponding with the seat of the fracture—the skin was not broken—I removed the skin of the scalp, and examined the fracture—I found an extensive fracture of the right frontal bone about 3 inches long, and there were two separate de
<lb/>tached pieces of bone—I opened the skull and found that there was a considerable effusion of blood in the fissures and on the surface of the brain, particularly on the right side—the injuries were inflicted before death—that was shown by the existence of hemorrhage on the surface of the brain and in the fissures which showed the blood was in circulation at the time of the injury, in which case the child must have been alive, but it need not have been separated from the mother; it might not have been born—I formed the opinion that the injuries could not possibly have been caused during birth or by accident on account of their serious nature, and they would require great and severe violence to cause them—such, great and severe violence could not be used while the child was being born—if the child's head had been hammered with a blunt instrument while it was being born that would be consistent, but it could not have been done by the person who was having the child, or by anyone during birth—when I said the injuries could not have been caused by accident I meant accident in the natural course of labour or by the child falling from the mother while she was in any position—the most extreme position would be a standing one and the most extreme violence would be caused to the child if the mother was delivered while standing, but in my opinion even that would not have caused the injuries I found even if the child fell on the stone floor—I formed the opinion that the severing of the head had been done with a knife—assuming that the head had been jammed in the pan of the w.c., pulling the body would not have severed the head in the way that I saw it—I have a clear opinion upon that—that is after an examination of the trunk and head—I found signs of cutting on both the head and trunk—I formed</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160032"/>
<p>the opinion that the head had been severed from the body after death, and I can give reasons for that opinion if required—I formed the opinion that it had been born alive, but there was no evidence that the child had had a separate existence; that opinion I formed upon the examination of the body alone—I formed that opinion because the lungs partly sank—taking the head and the body together, I formed the opinion that the child had had a separate existence—on the trunk alone 1 could not form the opinion—I tested the lungs to see if they would stand the water or hydrostatic test—first of all I put both of the lungs and the heart into water; they floated as a whole—I then cut off the left lung and found that it floated—the heart and the right lung together sank—the left lung supported the rest—I cut the left lung into twelve pieces—I did not proceed with my test of the right lung—I found that seven pieces of the left lung floated and five sank; that is, 7/24 the of the two lungs floated, but I do not think that that is any criterion, because a child can live for twenty-four hours without the lungs floating at all—I cannot explain that, except that the heart will continue beating, and it gets enough air to keep it alive, without sufficient to make the lungs float after death, so I cannot say for certain one way or the other from the state of the lungs and the
<hi rend="italic">post-mortem</hi> whether the child had a separate existence or not.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am quite certain that the cause of death was the fracture of the skull—there are higher degrees in medicine than mine, but mine are very good ones—I do not remember attending the Abrahams before—on August 4th I was called about 11.15 and went almost immedi
<lb/>ately—I could not understand what the prisoner said—I inferred that she had been delivered from two to ten or twelve hours; that is the limit—the placenta was still in her body—I removed it—about 8 inches of the cord was attached to it—both ends of the cord had been ruptured—if Professor Dixon Man says that the cord may be from 6 inches to 70 inches long I would accept it—I did not examine the two ends of the cord—if the cord had been broken by the child falling from the mother's body I think it would have broken nearer to the child—in those cases which I have read of, where the cord broke through the child falling from the mother there were only 2 or 3 inches attached to the child—the ends of the cord were torn, not cut—if the head had been cut off with an instrument, that instrument had not been employed to cut the cord—there were no signs of the cord having been twisted round the child's neck, but if the head had been severed the signs would not be very clear—I cannot say if the prisoner had been in great pain, but she was when I saw her—it may have been a difficult delivery—I did not find the uterus ruptured—I have heard that the perineum was stitched up at the hospital—it is very often ruptured—I do not think there was more blood on the under
<lb/>clothing than I should expect to find in a difficult delivery where the perineum had been ruptured—I was not told that this was the prisoners first child, and I cannot tell if it was her first—the opinion may be formed as to whether a child is a woman's first or not—a difficult delivery where the perineum was ruptured would be more likely to make the woman not unconscious; it would be more likely to prevent her being unconscious;</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160033"/>
<p>the more difficult the delivery the more pain—it might possibly make her delirious—she would not be likely to swoon on account of the sudden birth or on account of the pain caused by it; she might swoon on account of the haemorrhage—I cannot say how much haemorrhage there was here—for all I know she may have become unconscious during the delivery—Dr. Grant was present at the
<hi rend="italic">post-mortem</hi>; I principally conducted it—the child's body was white, but not particularly livid—I weighed it and came to the conclusion that it was a nine months' child—possibly it was only eight and a half—I examined the femur and found ossification present in the epiphysis—the bone consists of a shaft and at each end at birth there is grissel, but after birth new bone is formed in those ends which ultimately become joined to the shaft—I told the Magistrate that I formed the opinion that the child was probably born alive—I fully appreciate the difference of the sense of the biological and legal phrases of being born alive—in a medical sense "born alive" means the child has breathed, but in the legal sense it means it has breathed after it was wholly separated from the body of the mother—before the Magistrate I said, "I formed the opinion that the child was probably born alive," and I do not go further than that now—in my opinion the child may have been born dead in the legal sense—if there were any breathing after the child had left the mother's body the respiration was very partial and momentary—there may be partial and momentary breathing in a child before it becomes perfectly Separated from the mother and possibly even when still in the uterus—I cannot say for how long this child lived—the circumstances are con
<lb/>sistent with its only having lived a very short time—I did not apply any other test besides the hydrostatic test as far as the body was con
<lb/>cerned—I do not know the bowel test—I did not apply the middle air test—the test for the lunge is not a conclusive one—the colour of the right lung was dark red, like liver—part of the left lung was light red and part mottled with a purple mottling-there is undoubtedly circulation in the head of a child before it is born—the fractures on the head were far neater than were necessary to cause death—if a child has been killed by a fracture of the head and other fractures are afterwards inflicted in the same place, it is impossible to tell by which particular fracture the child was killed—in this case there may have been a number of blows—the fractures which I saw might have been caused by this poker—if the head was severed from the body and then put into the water closet, and blows given with a poker, none of them could have caused the extra
<lb/>vasation of blood, but they might have caused the additional fractures; there might have been additional blows after death—there was haemor
<lb/>rhage in the brain which might have been caused by a comparatively light blow—it could not have been caused before birth by the pressure of the pelvis, and I do not think it could have been caused by the body falling from the woman standing—a severe blow is necessary to cause hemorrhage on the surface of the brain—there were no signs of asphyxia—there was water in the child's mouth and ears—assuming that the child had been born when the mother was standing or sitting on the water closet and had fallen down and not been taken from the closet for</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160034"/>
<p>some time, if it had been alive it must have perished from drowning or asphyxia, that is assuming there was water in the closet—if there had been no water it would certainly have died eventually, but how soon would depend on circumstances—if the mouth were resting against anything preventing respiration it would be soon—if the skull had a severe blow it would probably have had a mark—if the prisoner was standing over the opening and the child had fallen from her in delivery it might have made some mark on the head—in a case of precipitated birth there might be greater violence to the child falling in that way—I do not think there would be more likelihood of precipitated birth if the prisoner had been more costive beforehand, but on the contrary—it is often the case in precipitated birth that a woman feels costive, whereas it is not really that, but the child coming, which occasions that feeling—the elusion of blood on the brain could not have been increased by the suction of the water closet when the plug was pulled—I do not think a fall into the pan could have produced the effusion of blood.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> If the child had been delivered into the pan and there were water in it it would have died from drowning, if it had been alive at the time—I found no signs of drowning—those signs are well marked and we can always discover them in a body—one end of this poker is pointed—I think the flat end of it could have caused the fracture of the child's skull without breaking the skin—I should say the pointed end would in all probability have torn the skin—I do not think this stick could have caused the wounds under any circumstances—if the de
<lb/>capitated, head were in the pan neck upwards the violence described by Abrahams might have been given without showing any signs—if the head had been the other way up the stick might have been used without leaving signs but it all depends on the degree of violence used—it either of these instruments had been used to cause the fracture of the skull I think it must have been the flat end of the poker.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-128" type="surname" value="GRANT"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-128" type="given" value="CHARLES GRAHAM"/>CHARLES GRAHAM GRANT</persName> </hi>. I am divisional surgeon to the H division of police—with Br. Harman I made a
<hi rend="italic">post-mortem</hi> upon the head and trunk of this new-born child—I formed the opinion that the child had had an independent existence—the cord may have been intact as far as I know, but the child may have had an independent existence which is consistent with a non-severance of the cord—I base my opinion principally upon the presence of the large quantity of haemorrhage upon the surface and in the interstices of the brain, which had above it a splintered fracture of the skull which corresponded with a bruise upon the scalp—in my opinion that bruise was inflicted during legal life according to the definition given in our medical text books—I arrive at that conclusion by experience—a little blood effusion on the brain is not of moment, but a lot of blood is—if the child were being born alive and received a blow with a blunt instrument, one would find, I think, a considerable quantity of haemorrhage—if the child were protruding there would be circulation, but not so much as after it is born—we are taught to gauge the circulation by our ex
<lb/>perience by the quantity of haemorrhage and the severity of the injury—if the prisoner were able to give the child a blow on the head directly it</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160035"/>
<p>presented itself the results might be the same, but I cannot say positively—my opinion is that the blow was given during legal life—the hemorrhage extended over a considerable part of the surface of the brain—I have seen one case very close upon this, although not quite, but I am going largely by the books—this child's lungs were partially inflated, which is consistent with the child having had, or not having had a separate existence—there was no evidence in the body that the child had a separate existence—I do not credit that the child's head was severed from the body by pulling it—I have myself pulled a head off a body in the course of my business, and by the time the neck gave way it was 9 inches long—then was no extension of the neck in this case—the incision was absolutely circular and symmetrical and was obviously done with a sharp instru
<lb/>ment—the body of the bone of the spinal column was cut through and not between the joints—in my opinion it is not possible that the head could have been severed from the body in any way except by cutting.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I saw the prisoner and directed her removal to the infirmary—I did not examine her—I agree with Dr. Harman that the cause of death was fracture of the skull, and not decapitation—I have no suggestion to make as to what instrument it was done with—it may have been done with a knife or scissors or any cutting instrument, although I do not think you could cut through the bone with scissors—I saw no instrument—the bone would be much softer than in a grown-up person—if it had been cut with a knife, there would not have been a large flow of blood, but there would have been some—it could not have been cut off and leave no sign—I do not think the sharp edge of the pan would cut through the bone—I hold the degree of Licentiate of Medicine, Edinburgh—there are higher degrees; I am quite ashamed of mine—I have had twenty years' experience in my business, and have been in the police force about ten—I do not come here as an expert—I get £1 1s. a day, and an expert gets £10 10s.—if a child is killed inside the womb I think there may be traces of haemorrhage—if the prisoner had sat down heavily on the seat while in the course of labour, I do not think that would have caused the splintered fracture, and I doubt if that would have caused a fracture sufficient to cause death—I think there was a blow sufficient to produce hemorrhage after death, but in that case we should not have found so much haemorrhage as we did—if there was some initial haemorrhage caused by a blow, a passive haemorrhage would have gone on after death, but not a violent haemorrhage.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> If the injury had been inflicted to the head while the child was partially born I think it could have lived long enough after
<lb/>wards to account for the blood on the brain—the injury might have, been caused before complete separation, resulting in death after complete separation.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-129" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-129" type="surname" value="DIVALL"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-129" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS DIVALL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector H.</hi>) On August 4th I went to 65, Wellesley Street, about 4 o'clock and searched the house—I found no bloodstains—I saw the body with Dr. Grant, and I searched for a knife, but could find none—if one on the knives in the house had been used, it must have been washed—I saw a box in the wash-house—it stood about 2 feet high—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160036"/>
<p>it was facing me when I turned the door and was a few inches from the wall—I examined the pan of the w.c.—I should think it would retain a little water—it was not a new-fashioned pan which holds 4 or 5 inches—it; was perfectly clean—the wash-house was very small, much smaller than the solicitor's table here—only about 6 feet by 3 1/2 feet—I think it had an ordinary wooden door—it was an out-house and about 4 feet from the w.c.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> When I saw the box you could not hide anything much larger than an apple behind it, but I believe it had been moved then—I saw only those dusters which were round the body.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-130" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-130" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-130" type="surname" value="NIEBERG"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-130" type="given" value="BETSY"/>BETSY NIEBERG</persName> </hi>. I am married—I know Russian, Polish and Yiddish—on September 1st, at 7 p.m., I went to Mile End Infirmary with some police officers and saw the prisoner—I interpreted to her what the officers desired me, and interpreted her reply—I told her my name and said, "This is Inspector Divall; he is going to charge you with the wilful murder of your newly-born male child on August 4th"—she said, "I did not kill it; I did not want to kill it. I am very costive. When I went out"—she meant to the water closet—"everything came with it"—she was taken to Arbors Square police station, where she was charged, and where I told her that she was charged with the wilful murder of her newly-born baby, and she replied again, "I did not kill it and I did not mean to kill it. I am costive. When I went out everything came when the child was born. I was frightened and excited at the time and tried to take it out, and somehow the head came away from the body."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prisoner had no difficulty in understanding me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-131" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-131" type="surname" value="JENKINS"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-131" type="given" value="THOMAS JOHN PRICE"/>THOMAS JOHN PRICE JENKINS</persName> </hi>, M.R.C.S. I am the late medical officer of the Mile End Infirmary and attended to the prisoner when she was admitted on August 4th—she had recently had a child and was suffering from what we call incomplete rupture of the perineum—a rupture is inevitable, but it is generally slight with the first child—this was more than usual.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The laceration was from the orifice of the vagina to the external part of the rectum—I had to put in two stitches—she was sus
<lb/>ceptible to pain during the operation, and after it she became restless and apathetic and subsequently showed signs of emotional disturbance, crying for hours at times and becoming stupid and stubborn—I could only understand her through an interpreter—she remained in the same position for a length of time, not wishing to be moved or spoken to—I was told on one occasion of her being inclined to be violent—such pain as she had had might make her temporarily insane and uncon
<lb/>scious—I do not say irresponsible, but unconscious—it is quite possible that she became delirious through pain, because she was melancholic—I do not think the pain would make her unconscious, but it might make her delirious—severe haemorrhage would produce unconsciousness—if in a case of precipitative birth a child had its head fractured on a hard surface, death would be produced by it, and in those cases there would be signs of haemorrhage in the brain—they do not die immediately from the fracture of the skull.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160037"/>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I was not at the
<hi rend="italic">post-mortem</hi>—I had nothing to do with the case except to see the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JUSTICEFELF</hi>
<hi rend="italic">ruled that the evidence of murder was not sufficient to go to the Jury.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HENRIQUES</hi>
<hi rend="italic">submitted that there was no evidence at all, but</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JUSTIE JELF</hi>
<hi rend="italic">ruled that there was evidence of concealment, which must go to the Jury.</hi>]</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19051016-748-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-748-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-748-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">of endeavouring to conceal the birth of the child. Recommended to mercy by the Jury.
<rs id="t19051016-748-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-748-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-748-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-748-19051016 t19051016-748-punishment-29"/>One month hard labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<persName id="def1-749-19051016" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-749-19051016" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-749-19051016" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-749-19051016" type="surname" value="GUNDRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-749-19051016" type="given" value="GEORGE WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE WILLIAM GUNDRY</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t19051016-749-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-749-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-749-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>, Charged on the Coroner's inquisition with the manslaughter of
<persName id="t19051016-name-133" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-133" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-133" type="surname" value="PENFOLD"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-133" type="given" value="AUGUSTA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19051016-749-offence-1 t19051016-name-133"/>Augusta Penfold</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MUIR</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution, offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19051016-749-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-749-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-749-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday and Thursday, October</hi> 18
<hi rend="italic">th and</hi> 19
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1905.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19051016-750">
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<interp inst="t19051016-750" type="date" value="19051016"/>
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<persName id="def1-750-19051016" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-750-19051016" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-750-19051016" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def1-750-19051016" type="surname" value="WELLING"/>
<interp inst="def1-750-19051016" type="given" value="CHARLES HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES HENRY WELLING</hi> (42),
<hi rend="italic">alias</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<rs id="t19051016-alias-2" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-750-19051016 t19051016-alias-2"/>EDWARD WIL
<lb/>LING</rs> </hi> </persName>,
<persName id="def2-750-19051016" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-750-19051016" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-750-19051016" type="surname" value="WILLING"/>
<interp inst="def2-750-19051016" type="given" value="MAUD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MAUD WILLING</hi> </persName> (31), and
<persName id="def3-750-19051016" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-750-19051016" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def3-750-19051016" type="age" value="55"/>
<interp inst="def3-750-19051016" type="surname" value="HUGHES"/>
<interp inst="def3-750-19051016" type="given" value="MABEL CLARA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MABEL CLARA HUGHES</hi> (55)</persName>
<rs id="t19051016-750-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-750-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-750-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Forging and uttering an order for the payment of £150 with intent to defraud. </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES HENRY WILLING</hi> and
<hi rend="largeCaps">MAUD WILLING</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19051016-750-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-750-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-750-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. A. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUMPHREYS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended</hi> Hughes.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-137" type="surname" value="LONDON"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-137" type="given" value="ARTHUR FOLEY-WINNINGTON INGRAM, BISHOP OF"/>ARTHUR FOLEY-WINNINGTON INGRAM, BISHOP OF LONDON</persName> </hi>. I have a banking account at the National & Provincial Bank of England, Bishops
<lb/>gate Street branch—this cheque (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 29), dated August 13th, on that bank was written by myself at Kilmarnock—it is made payable to "M. Hughes" and is endorsed "M. Hughes"—I sent it in consequence of a letter written me by Mrs. Hughes—I am not quite certain whether I sent it to her address, Ethelden Road, Shepherd's Bush, or Southsea; my impression is I sent it to the former—I have not got the letter in response to which I sent it—the cheque was paid through the Capital & Counties Bank, Southsea Branch, On August 18th—it was paid on that date by the National & Provincial—this cheque (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 2), dated August 16th, signed "A. F. London" for £150 is not signed by me, nor with my authority, or with my knowledge—it is on a piece of note paper, and is made payable to "Mrs. Hooper" and endorsed "Winifred Hooper"—I know nobody of that name—the signature resembles mine—this is a piece of tracing paper on which is "A. F. London"—that is also how I sign my letters—I know nothing about the tracing paper—I received this letter dated September 8th from Holloway prison, purporting to come from Mrs. Hughes.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I got that letter by post from the prison and I sent it to my solicitor—she asked for £5 first to send her son to the seaside—I have helped her and her family before, and have sent other cheques—I sent this cheque, dated May 10th for £5, to her daughter (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 15) to the same address at Shepherd's Bush—I sent this cheque (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 16), dated June 1st for £1, to her son, R. C. Hughes—I sent</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160038"/>
<p>this cheque (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 18), dated June 28th for £10, to Mrs. Hughes—each cheque would probably be accompanied by a note from my secretary or myself—I must have written myself with the cheque of August 13th; it was a Sunday—I did not post it myself; I gave the letters to be posted with others—no doubt it went on Sunday evening—I have no recollection of getting an acknowledgment; I was travelling about—I have seen Mrs. Hughes' husband, and I saw her son once before; I helped him first by giving him his fees at Kings'—her husband was a clergyman in my diocese, but he has not any cure now—I do not remember ever seeing Miss, Hughes; I may have.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The husband made no applications to me, and I knew nothing of Mrs. Hughes except what she told me in her letters.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-138" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-138" type="surname" value="LEACH"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-138" type="given" value="MARY"/>MARY LEACH</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of James Leach, of 18, York Road, Worth
<lb/>ing, where I let lodgings in the summer—on August 2nd last Edward and Maud Willing came and took a sitting room on the ground floor with two bedrooms on the first floor—on a Saturday early in August Mrs. Hughes came to see them, Mrs. Willing telling me that she had come from Southsea—she stopped to lunch—on August 16th and 17th Mrs. Willing was away all day, but she did not sleep out of the house, leaving the house on August 17th, some time after 9, giving her time to catch the 9.40 train to Lon
<lb/>don—she came back between 9 and 10 p.m.—the next day she went with Willing to Brighton, having ordered a carriage—the next day, Saturday, August 19th, Mrs. Hughes came down and stayed as the guest of the Willings till Monday—on the 30th Sergeants Burch and Fowler and Inspec
<lb/>tor Ottaway came and arrested the Willings—I pointed out to the police the rooms they had occupied.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Mr. and Mrs. Willing occupied one bedroom and Mrs. George Willing the other—I understood Mrs. Hughes was connected by marriage with Mrs. George Willing, so she was connected in some way with my other two lodgers—Mrs. George Willing was still there when Mrs. Hughes came on August 19th—Mrs. Hughes stayed till the Monday to go with Mrs. Maud Willing to the dentist; I heard that in general conversation—I cannot tell you how long it would take from Southsea to Worthing.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Mrs. George Willing's name is Sybil.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-139" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-139" type="surname" value="DANGERFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-139" type="given" value="EMILY"/>EMILY DANGERFIELD</persName> </hi>. I live at Hamilton House, Southsea—Mrs. Hughes came to live there on Wednesday, August 2nd, and left on August 16th, not to return.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have no idea how long it takes from Southsea to Worthing; I have never been there—the grocer that Mrs. Hughes went to, was Frank Whitcomb, of Palmerston Road.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-140" type="surname" value="MALLLINSON"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-140" type="given" value="JOHN EDWARD"/>JOHN EDWARD MALLLINSON</persName> </hi>. I am employed in the Accountant Gen
<lb/>eral's Department of the Post Office and am subpoenaed to produce these telegrams—this is a telegram (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 10) addressed to "Willing, 18, York Road, Worthing"—it was sent off from the Southsea office at 11.52 a.m. on August 15th and says, "Can you come to-day. Cheque with proofs received; cheque received. Leaving early to-morrow"—that is how it was transmitted—it reads: "Can you come to-day?" then "signed document" is struck</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160039"/>
<p>out and above it is put in pencil, "Cheques with proofs received"—on the back is "Reference to address; Hamilton House, Palmerston Road"—that is the original message, and this (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 10
<hi rend="italic">a</hi>) is the copy delivered at Worthing office at 12.9 a.m.—this is another original telegraphic message (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 11) sent off from the Worthing office at 1.11 p.m., August 15th, addressed to "Hughes, Hamilton House, Clarence Parade, Southsea. Will arrive Portsmouth Town 5.45, Charlie"—I produce a third origi
<lb/>nal telegraphic message (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 12) sent off from the Railway Approach, Worthing, at 9.46 a.m., addressed to Mrs. Hughes, 4, Ethelden Road, Shepherd's Bush, London: "Meet me Victoria Station 11.30. Very urgent, Maud."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-141" type="surname" value="CRAWLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-141" type="given" value="CHARLES EDWARD"/>CHARLES EDWARD CRAWLEY</persName> </hi>. I live at 24, Battledene Road, Highbury, tad am a salesman in the employ of Messrs. Hope Brothers, of 34, Cannon Street—Maud Willing came to the shop about 11 a.m. on August 17th and purchased a bag similar to this (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>), the price of which was 17s. 9d.—she paid 5s. and said she would either call or send for it later on in the day, when she would pay the balance—later in the day a messenger boy came the presented a receipt for 5s. deposit, and I gave him the bag.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-142" type="surname" value="SAUER"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-142" type="given" value="JOHN ADOLPH"/>JOHN ADOLPH SAUER</persName> </hi>. I am head porter of De Keyser's Hotel, Victoria Embankment—between 1.15 and 1.30 p.m. on August 17th Maud Willing came in and sat in the lounge and asked for a messenger boy—about half an hour afterwards Mrs. Hughes came in, sat three or four yards away from Maud Willing, and asked for some refreshment—she had no con
<lb/>versation with Willing, and, as far as their conduct went, they appeared to be strangers—I took the messenger boy, Springham, to Maud Willing, and she gave him a letter—I did not see her write any letter—this (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 1) is dated from our hotel, and is written on our printed stationery—there is no stationery in the lounge; there are writing rooms for that on the other side of the lounge—you go from the hall into the lounge and then into the writing room—Maud Willing remained in the lounge the whole time—an assistant pointed her out to me as wanting a messenger boy—Mrs. Hughes stopped about half an hour after the messenger boy had gone, and then went into the office and asked for a tariff—Maud Willing want out afterwards—they appeared to be strangers all the time they were there.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I take notice of everybody that comes in—the lounge has a lot of seats with small tables in it—the hotel has a licence—there is nothing very remarkable in a woman sitting down and having something to drink—this was lunch time, and there are a good many people who loach there that do not sleep in the hotel—there was nothing suspicious about Maud Willing, but my attention was drawn to her through her wanting a messenger boy—when Mrs. Hughes came in I walked behind her, thinking she had come to make enquiries, but she did not—I did not keep my eyes on Maud Willing the whole time—she may have written a letter—I should say Maud Willing went out half an hour after Mrs. Hughes; it may nave been about thirty to forty-five minutes after.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I took enough notice of them to identify them after
<lb/>wards from a number of other women—not a great many people come into</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160040"/>
<p>the lounge who are not living in the hotel—I did not see them having lunch.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-143" type="surname" value="APPELT"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-143" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST APPELT</persName> </hi>. I am a waiter at De Keyser's Hotel—between 1 and 2 p.m. on August 17th I saw Mrs. Hughes in the lounge of the hotel and served her with Chartreuse and a biscuit—I saw a messenger boy come in and speak to a young lady, whom I do not recognise now; she was sitting about four yards away from Mrs. Hughes—there were a lot of seats vacant and they could have sat together had they desired—I did not see them talking together at any time, and, as far as I saw, they appeared to be strangers.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Mrs. Hughes sat in the lounge about twenty minutes; I do not know much about the young one.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I saw Mrs. Hughes come in, and I saw her in the office afterwards.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-144" type="surname" value="GAERTNER"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-144" type="given" value="JOHANN VALENTINE"/>JOHANN VALENTINE GAERTNER</persName> </hi>. I am assistant manager at De Keyser's Hotel—on August 17th, in the middle of the day, I saw Mrs. Hughes and Maud Willing in the lounge, sitting at different tables, and, as far as I remember, opposite each other—I should say they were there about half an hour—I saw Mrs. Hughes leave the hotel, and crossing towards Blackfriars Station, when about half-way she was joined by another woman—I am not able to say for certain who the other woman was.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The other woman was in a light cloak, blue dress, and dark straw hat—the woman who was sitting opposite Mrs. Hughes was dressed in the same sort of way, and, to the best of my belief, it was the same woman—I cannot identify Mrs. Willing, but I believe that the woman sitting in the hotel is the same woman who afterwards met Mrs. Hughes—if such were the case it would have been impossible for Mrs. Hughes to have stayed in the hotel half an hour after Mrs. Willing left.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I did not see Mrs. Willing leave—they were in the lounge about half an hour, and during that time they never spoke to each other or altered their position at all.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. There were very few people in the lounge at that time—there were one or two women there, but not near the prisoners.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-145" type="surname" value="SPRINGHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-145" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM SPRINGHAM</persName> </hi>. I am a district messenger—on August 17th I was on duty at Chancery Lane, when I was sent from there between 12.30 and 2 p.m. to De Keyser's Hotel, where I saw Maud Willing sitting at a table—she gave me a letter and told me to take it to the National & Provincial Bank, Bishopsgate branch, where I was to get some money—she gave me also a paper and told me to go to Hope Brothers and get a bag, for which I was to pay 12s. 9d. out of the money I got from the bank—I was to take a cab from the bank to Hope's and from there meet her at St. Paul's station; she told me to go by train to the bank—she appeared to be alone—I never saw Mrs. Hughes—I went by train to Mansion House station, and from there to the bank, where I presented the letter and got some notes and gold—I went to Hope's, in Queen Victoria Street, and got the bag and then went to St. Paul's station, where I met her just inside—I gave her the bag and the money, when she gave me 2s. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. for myself—Mrs. Hughes was not with her.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160041"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-146" type="surname" value="SIVYIER"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-146" type="given" value="JAMES HENRY"/>JAMES HENRY SIVYIER</persName> </hi>. I am a cashier in the employment of the National & Provincial Bank of England, Bishopsgate branch, where the Bishop of London has an account—on August 17th Springham came and presented a letter over the counter—I opened it, and found in it a letter (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 1) and a cheque (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 2)—the letter was dated from De Keyser's Hotel to the "Cashier" and said, "Please hand bearer ten £10 notes, five £5 notes, and £25 in gold in exchange for enclosed cheque and oblige, Winifred Hooper"—the cheque was apparently from the Bishop of Lon
<lb/>don for £150, payable to Mrs. Hooper—I believed it was a genuine cheque; it is a very good imitation indeed—I cashed it in accordance with the direction in the letter—I produce an extract from one of our books regarding the numbers of the notes that I gave (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 3)—the ten £10 notes are dated April 15th, 1904, Nos. 12410 to 12419, and the five £5 notes, February 24th, 1905, Nos. 34421 to 34425.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-147" type="surname" value="CANEY"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-147" type="given" value="FRANK HAROLD"/>FRANK HAROLD CANEY</persName> </hi>. I am a jeweller, carrying on business at 72, Regent Street—Mrs. Hughes and Maud Willing, whom I recognise, came into my shop on August 17th—Maud Willing bought a watch, the price of which was £3 15s., for which she gave me a note for £10—Mrs. Hughes bought a wedding ring, price 35s., paying with a £10 note—I bank with the London City & Midland Bank, into which bank I paid those two notes.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-148" type="surname" value="BINDER"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-148" type="given" value="JOSEPH WILLIAM"/>JOSEPH WILLIAM BINDER</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the London City & Mid
<lb/>land Bank, Old Bond Street branch—Mr. Caney keeps an account there—on August 19th there were paid into his credit two £10 notes—I produce a copy extract from the waste book and find the numbers of the notes were 12410 and 12413, both dated April 15th, 1904.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-149" type="surname" value="DARLINGTON"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-149" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES DARLINGTON</persName> </hi>. I am an assistant to J. E. Thomson, pawn
<lb/>broker, of 195, Uxbridge Road, Shepherd's Bush—this wedding ring (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) was pledged on August 23rd by Mrs. Hughes in the name of Phillips for 16s.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It is not an unusual thing for people when pawning things to give a name other than their own—I knew Mrs. Hughes as a customer; we are not far from where she lives—the fact of her giving me a wrong name did not deceive me in any way.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I knew her as Mrs. Hughes.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. She gave different names at different times.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-150" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-150" type="surname" value="CANEY"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-150" type="given" value="FRENK HAROLD"/>FRENK HAROLD CANEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I recognise this ring as the one I sold to Mrs. Hughes.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-151" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-151" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-151" type="given" value="LUCK ANNE"/>LUCK ANNE HALL</persName> </hi>. I am an assistant at Messrs. Robinson & Cleaver's, drapers, of 156, Regent Street—Mrs. Hughes, whom I recognise, called alone at our premises on August 17th and bought two pairs of gloves, price 6s. 7d.—she gave me a £10 note in payment, which I sent to Miss Bevan, the cashier, and I got back the change, which I handed to Mrs. Hughes.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-152" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-152" type="surname" value="BEVAN"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-152" type="given" value="MADGE"/>MADGE BEVAN</persName> </hi>. I am a cashier at Messrs. Robinson & Cleaver's, 156, Regent Street—on August 17th a £10 note was handed to me to give change for a 6s. 7d. bill—that note was paid in the ordinary course into our account at Messrs. Barclay & Co.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160042"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-153" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-153" type="given" value="RICHARD CHARLES"/>RICHARD CHARLES BROWN</persName> </hi>. I am a cashier at Messrs. Barclay & co.'s Bank, Pall Mall, where Messrs. Robinson & Cleaver have an account—I produce an extract of the entries in the waste book (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 6) of August 18th, which shows a payment into that account by that firm of a £10 note,. No. 12411, dated April 15th, 1904.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-154" type="surname" value="TWORT"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-154" type="given" value="JAMES ALFRED"/>JAMES ALFRED TWORT</persName> </hi>. I live at 165, Cecil Road, West Croydon, and am the manager of S. Smith & Sons, umbrella makers, 1, Fouberts Place, Regent Street—in the afternoon of August 17th two women, one of whom was Maud Willing, and the other to the best of my belief Mrs. Hughes, came into the shop—Maud Willing bought an umbrella, a gentleman's walking stick and a purse, for £20s. 6d.—she tendered a £10 note in pay
<lb/>ment, No. 12415, dated April 15th, 1904, which I endorsed—I gave her the change.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Mrs. Hughes was with her all the time.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-155" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-155" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-155" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-155" type="given" value="NETTIE"/>NETTIE ROBERTS</persName> </hi>. I am in the employment of Messrs. T. J. Harries & Co., drapers, of 254, Oxford Street—on August 17th Mrs. Hughes and Maud Willing came into the shop—I served Maud Willing with some articles of ladies' attire which came to £1 13s. 10 1/4 d., for which she paid with a £10 note—that note would in the ordinary course be paid into the National Bank, Ltd., where Messrs. Harries have their account.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Mrs. Hughes also bought a pair of corsets, price 5s. 11d.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> She had a separate bill, and she paid me with half a sovereign.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-156" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-156" type="surname" value="EVE"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-156" type="given" value="KATE FLORENCE"/>KATE FLORENCE EVE</persName> </hi>. I am an assistant in the employment of Messrs. T. J. Harries, drapers, of 254, Oxford Street—on August 17th two women came in, one of whom only I recognise, Mrs. Hughes; the other was a younger woman, whom I served with two white lace skirts, price 18s. 10d.—she paid me with a £5 note, of which I made a note of the number, No. 34423.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Mrs. Hughes did not purchase anything in my de
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-157" type="surname" value="CARROLL"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-157" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT CARROLL</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk at the National Bank, Ltd., Oxford Street, where Messrs. T. J. Harris & Co. keep an account—on August 18th they made certain payments in, and I produce a copy of the entry in the waste book showing the particulars of that payment in, being a £10 note, No. 12416, and dated April 15th, 1904, and a £5 note, No. 34423, dated February 24th, 1905.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-158" type="surname" value="CHESWORTH"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-158" type="given" value="ERNEST ALFRED"/>ERNEST ALFRED CHESWORTH</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Mr. Percy Lawrence, jeweller, of 14, Wilton Road, Pimlico—on August 17th two women came into the shop, one of whom I recognise as Maud Willing; I was unable to identify Mrs. Hughes as the other woman—Mrs. Willing purchased an 18-carat signet ring for £3, tendering in payment a £10 note—we thought we had not sufficient change, so she went out elsewhere to change it, leaving Mrs. Hughes in the shop—she came back with the note, which I asked her to endorse, and she endorsed it, "Mrs. Hooper, 11, Second Avenue, Hove"—I fancy Mrs. Hughes was at her side looking on—I changed the note, which was No. 12417, dated April 15th, 1904.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160043"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Mrs. Willing did not mention any name to me—to the best of my belief, Mrs. Hughes did not see her endorse it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I do not think Mrs. Hughes was looking on at the time.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I did not mean to say that she was looking on, but there was nothing to prevent her seeing.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-159" type="surname" value="GROVE"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-159" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM GROVE</persName> </hi>. I am in the employment of Mr. Percy Lawrence—on August 17th Mrs. Hughes and Maud Willing came into the shop and were served by Mr. Chesworth.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-160" type="surname" value="DANVERS"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-160" type="given" value="ALBERT FRANCIS"/>ALBERT FRANCIS DANVERS</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Mr. W. S. Bond, under
<lb/>taker, of 336, Uxbridge Road—about May 11th Mrs. Hughes brought me this cheque (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 15), dated May 10th, drawn by the Bishop of London for £5, and I cashed it for her.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I cannot remember the exact date—I knew her quite well.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-161" type="surname" value="PATTISON"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-161" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN PATTISON</persName> </hi>. I am cashier to the London & South Western Bank, 302, Uxbridge Road—on June 3rd, 1 believe, Mrs. Hughes called and asked us to cash this cheque (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 16) of the Bishop of London, for £1, dated June 1st—I cashed it for her—on June 30th a person called with this cheque (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 18) from the Bishop of London for £10, made payable to "M. Hughes" and endorsed "M. Hughes," dated June 28th," with a request in Mrs. Hughes, handwriting (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 19), saying, "Mrs. Hughes, being ill, cannot come herself to cash cheque. Kindly oblige bearer. It is the Bishop of London's cheque"—I cashed it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-162" type="surname" value="FOWLER"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-162" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY FOWLER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Sergeant, New Scotland Yard</hi>). On August 30th I went with Sergeant Burch and Inspector Ottaway to Worthing, where I arrested Maud Willing, and Burch and Ottaway arrested Edward Willing—a search was made at 18, York Road, and they were conveyed to London.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-163" type="surname" value="BURCH"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-163" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BURCH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Sergeant, New Scotland Yard</hi>). On August 30th with Sergeant Fowler and Inspector Ottaway we arrested Edward and Maud Willing—I went to 18, York Road, where I made a search of the rooms on the first floor and the ground floor—in a drawer in a chest of drawers, in the first floor front bedroom I found this tracing paper (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 5) bearing the impression of "A. F. London"—in a dressing bag in the same room I found this telegram (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 10
<hi rend="italic">a</hi>), dated August 15th, addressed to "Willing, 18, York Road. Can you come to-day? Cheque received. Leaving early to-morrow"—in Edward Willing's coat pocket, which he was wear
<lb/>ing, I found this letter (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 32) on blue paper, beginning, "Dearest Charlie," and signed. "Yours, M.," dated August 28th, in an envelope bearing the postmark of Shepherd's Bush—in the dressing bag I also found a letter (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 33), dated July 31st, saying, "Dear Madam,—I am directed by the Dowager Lady Pearce to forward you the enclosed cheque for £5. Kindly acknowledge to 1, Hyde Park Gardens, W. Yours truly, F. Prescott, Secretary, in an envelope (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 33
<hi rend="italic">a</hi>), addressed to "Mrs. Hughes, 4, Ethelden Road, Uxbridge Road"—it was written on a piece of greenish blue paper, from which the heading seems to have been out off—the envelope bears the postmark "Hungerford, July 31st"—in the same place I found this letter dated August 25th (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 34), with a printed.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160044"/>
<p>heading of an hotel at Colwyn Bay, North Wales, saying, "Dear Madam,—I have not been able to answer your letter sooner. It is indeed a very sad story of suffering which you write me. I am sorry that, having many similar applications, I cannot do so much as I would. I enclose you £5, and I trust that others may be able to do more in the sad case of your son. Believe me, Yours sincerely, D. Elizabeth Pearce"—it was enclosed in an envelope (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 34
<hi rend="italic">a</hi>) addressed to "Mrs. Hughes, 4, Ethelden Road, Uxbridge Road, London, "bearing the postmark of" Colwyn Bay, August 25th"—in the same place I found this cheque (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 36), written on a piece of plain paper, dated August 31st, 1905, drawn on Messrs. Coutts, 440, Strand: "Pay Mrs. Adams or order £600," and signed "D. Elizabeth Pearce"—I found another cheque also drawn on plain paper on Messrs. Coutts' Bank, 440, Strand: "Pay Mrs. Adams or order, £350. D. Eliza
<lb/>beth Pearce"—it has a printed address on it of "Chiltern Lodge, Hun
<lb/>gerford, Berks" and the paper on which it is written is similar to that on which Lady Pearce's secretary wrote, of which the top is missing (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 33)—I also found a similar piece of paper bearing that address with the word "August" written on it a great many times—I found several sheets of paper of similar colour bearing the printed heading, "I, Hyde Park Gardens, W." (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 39), and this tracing (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 37) with these words, "July 31st, Rev.—Hughes, £5 sterling. D. Elizabeth Pearce"—this cheque (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 41) is one dated July 31st, 1905, "Pay to Rev.—Hughes £5 sterling. D. Elizabeth Pearce"—I have compared the tracing (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 37) with that cheque and it agrees with the part that is written with the pen.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. Mrs. Hughes lived in Shepherd's Bush with her husband.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-164" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-164" type="surname" value="OTTAWAY"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-164" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN OTTAWAY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective-Inspector, City</hi>). On the afternoon of Sep
<lb/>tember 2nd I arrested Mrs. Hughes in Uxbridge Road—I said to her, "I am a police officer and arrest you on a charge of being concerned with Edward and Maud Willing, in custody, in forging on the 17th of last month a cheque for £150 drawn on the National & Provincial Bank of England, Bishopsgate Street"—she said, "I expected you to call upon me at my house to make enquiries, but I did not expect to be arrested. I know nothing of the forgery"—I took her to the Cannon Road police station, where she was formally charged, in reply to which she said, "You do not accuse me of having the money? I could not forge a cheque"—I searched her house at 4, Ethelden Road, and found a letter addressed to "Miss Hughes, Ethelden House, Uxbridge Road," signed "Mother," in one of the drawers in the front room downstairs in an envelope bearing the postmark "Portsmouth, August 11th" (
<hi rend="italic">Extract read</hi>): "Dearest May,—Can you manage for a few days with 10s.? Don't pay Mrs. R., and provide very little, just sufficient, one bottle of beer a day, etc. How is poor Jack? I am terribly sorry. What was the matter?—haemorrhage, I suppose. I am tired this morning. Will tell you all later on"—I pro
<lb/>duce a letter written by Mrs. Hughes at the Cannon Road police station.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Mrs. Hughes said that she had seen the case in the newspaper—I arrested her within 3 yards of where she lived—we did not know the woman we were looking for; we had a description of her, but</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160045"/>
<p>we did not know it was Mrs. Hughes—I cannot say whether she had been away from the time the Willings were arrested up to the time she was arrested; I do not suggest that she was.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-165" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-165" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-165" type="surname" value="CHEESE"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-165" type="given" value="ALICE ANNIE"/>ALICE ANNIE CHEESE</persName> </hi>. I am a wardress at Holloway prison—Mrs. Hughes was under my care at Holloway—I am not positive as to having received this letter, but it has the registered number, and my initials are on it—any letter she wrote would pass through my hands.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> All letters are read before they go out, but copies are not kept of them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-166" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-166" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-166" type="surname" value="PRESCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-166" type="given" value="FRANCES MARY"/>FRANCES MARY PRESCOTT</persName> </hi>. I am secretary to the Dowager Lady Pearce, of l, Hyde Park Gardens, and Chiltern Lodge, Hungerford, which is her son's place—I wrote this letter (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 33), dated July 31st, enclosing a cheque for £5 of the same date to Mrs. Hughes, according to the directions of Lady Pearce—the cheque is endorsed "A. Hughes"—the letter bore the heading, "Chiltern Lodge, Hungerford, Berks," when I sent it off, which has since been cut off—this is a piece of note-paper bearing the heading (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 40), but the printing on Lady Pearce's is embossed, whereas this is quite flat; it is the same coloured note-paper—I produce this letter (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 42), dated August 8th, from Mrs. Hughes (
<hi rend="italic">Asking for a further</hi> £5
<hi rend="italic">for rent, and stating that one of her sons, a lad of nineteen, had developed epileptic fits from over study, signed "M. Hughes"</hi>)—this letter (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 34) was written by Lady Pearce to Mrs. Hughes; it boars date August 25th, and is written from Colwyn Bay—this cheque (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 35), dated August 31st, drawn on a piece of note-paper for £600, made payable to "Mrs. Adams," and pur
<lb/>porting to be signed by "D. Elizabeth Pearce," is not in Lady Pearce's handwriting, but is something like it—this cheque (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 36), drawn on Coutts for £350, on the same sort of paper, headed "Chiltern Lodge, Hungerford," signed "D. Elizabeth Pearce," is not in Lady Pearce's handwriting, but is something like it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-167" type="surname" value="GURRIN"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-167" type="given" value="THOMAS HENRY"/>THOMAS HENRY GURRIN</persName> </hi>. I am an expert in handwriting and have given a great deal of attention to the subject—I have had placed before me a letter purporting to be written from Holloway prison by Mrs. Hughes to the Bishop of London and also a letter beginning, "Dear Sybil," and another letter beginning, "Dearest May"—I have compared the hand
<lb/>writing of those letters with this telegram (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 10), and to the best of my belief they are in the same handwriting—I cannot speak as to the en
<lb/>dorsements on this cheque (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 15) for £5 and this cheque (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 16), but the en
<lb/>dorsement on this cheque (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 29) is to the best of my belief in Mrs. Hughes handwriting—the letter (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 32), on blue paper to "Dear Charlie" is in her handwriting and the same remark applies to the envelope in which it is enclosed (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 32
<hi rend="italic">a</hi>), but that is not in her ordinary handwriting—the en
<lb/>dorsement on the cheque (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 41), drawn by Lady Pearce for £5, "A. Hughes," and the letter (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 42) signed "M. Hughes" are to the best of my belief in her handwriting.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I do not recognise the endorsement "M.P. Hughes" on this cheque (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 15) as her handwriting; I have considered it, but I con
<lb/>sider I am not justified in saying one thing or the other—the endorsement on this cheque (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 10) made payable to "R. C. Hughes" and endorsed</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160046"/>
<p>"R. C. Hughes" bears no resemblance to her handwriting—the writing on this envelope (
<hi rend="italic">Ex.</hi> 32
<hi rend="italic">a</hi>) is more of a scribble.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Hughes, in her defence on oath, said that within two hours of receiving the Bishop of London's cheque for</hi> £5
<hi rend="italic">at</hi> 5
<hi rend="italic">p.m. or</hi> 6
<hi rend="italic">p.m. at Southsea on August</hi> 15
<hi rend="italic">th, it having been redirected to her by her daughter in London, she cashed it; that she mislaid the letter accompanying that cheque, as she did also a letter from Lady Pearce enclosing a remittance; that Edward Willing must have extracted those letters from her bag and copied the signatures; that as regards the telegram (Ex.</hi> 10)
<hi rend="italic">it had no reference to the Bishop's cheque, but to a cheque received from Edward Willing, and that she meant to say "bring proofs" that the cheque would be honoured, a cheque of his having been dishonoured; that as regards the</hi> £10
<hi rend="italic">notes she had cashed, she received three from Maud Willing in payment of the balance on an old debt that Edward Willing owed her; that as regards the incident in De Keyser's Hotel she did not speak to Maud Willing because she (Willing) desired to speak to a gentleman privately; that she had informed her solicitor of all the facts in the case and she was not responsible for the line he took up in her defence at the Police Court; that as regards the letter she wrote to Edward Willing. I can get some paper addressed similar to the Wales address," it had no reference to Lady Pearce's address in Wales, but was in answer to a letter from Edward Willing, asking her to get some such paper for a lady named "Minnie"; that the letter found in which she wrote to Willing that a messenger boy was to be sent to the Mal Bureau to get a parcel was with reference to a scheme by which Edward Willing should free himself of an entanglement with a "Miss Sutton," and was in answer to a letter written by him to her (Hughes) (Produced and read), which she thought she had destroyed; and that at no time had she been charged with forgery in Colonel Gascoigne's case.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Evidence for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-168" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-168" type="surname" value="HUGHES"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-168" type="given" value="MAY"/>MAY HUGHES</persName> </hi>. I am the daughter of the prisoner and live at 4, Ethelden Road, Shepherd's Bush—while my mother stayed at Southsea I forwarded her letters on to her—a letter arrived by the first post on Tuesday, August 15th, from Scotland—I remember the beginning of the word "Kil" on the back of the envelope—I can fix the date by the fact that it was the day before my father and mother and brothers were returning from Southsea—about 10 a.m. I redirected it to my mother, as I wanted her to receive it before she left on the following morning—from the address on the back of the envelope and the handwriting I gathered it was from the Bishop of London—I am generally out between 10 and 6 p.m.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I sent a good many letters to the family in general—I was first asked to recall this almost immediately after she was arrested—my mother, whom I saw in Holloway, asked me if I was perfectly certain of the time; she said, "Can you remember when you posted that letter to me from London?" and I said, "Yes, I suppose it was August 15th, because I wanted you to get the letter before you left Southsea"—this conversation took place soon after her arrest; that would be the following Tuesday or Wednesday—I think I have been to see her every day—it was the first interview I had with her.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160047"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19051016-750-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-750-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-750-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Charles Henry Wetting then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony at Bristol Assizes in July</hi>, 1898,
<hi rend="italic">in the name of Charles Wells. Maud Willing to a misdemeanour at Clerkenwell Sessions on March</hi> 17
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1903,
<hi rend="italic">in the name of Margaret Hanson. Inspector Charles Arrow then proved two former convictions against Charles Henry Welling, and stated the facts of a case at the desire of Maud Willing, where a cheque for</hi> £900
<hi rend="italic">was forged on May</hi> 30
<hi rend="italic">th.</hi> 1905,
<hi rend="italic">but of which Maud Willing and another man with whom she was associated failed to obtain the proceeds. He stated that Hughes had been under the notice of the police for some years in connection with begging letters in different names, and obtaining furniture by false pretences, the former facts being proved by Christopher Finch White, an official of the Charity Organisation Society. He also stated the facts of other forgeries carried out in a similar manner, in which the services of an expert forger had been obtained.</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES HENRY WELLING</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19051016-750-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-750-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-750-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-750-19051016 t19051016-750-punishment-30"/>Seven years' penal servitude</rs>.</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MAUD WILLING</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19051016-750-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-750-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-750-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-750-19051016 t19051016-750-punishment-31"/>Five years' penal servitude</rs>.</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MABEL CLARA HUGHES</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19051016-750-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-750-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-750-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-750-19051016 t19051016-750-punishment-32"/>Three years' penal servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19051016-751">
<interp inst="t19051016-751" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19051016"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-751" type="date" value="19051016"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19051016-751-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-751-19051016 t19051016-751-offence-1 t19051016-751-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-751-19051016" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-751-19051016" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-751-19051016" type="surname" value="SHANNON"/>
<interp inst="def1-751-19051016" type="given" value="BEATRICE RUBY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BEATRICE RUBY SHANNON</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t19051016-751-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-751-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-751-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19051016-751-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-751-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-751-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to feloniously obtaining a Post Office savings bank Depositor's Book, with intent to defraud. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">She received an excellent character.
<rs id="t19051016-751-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-751-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-751-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-751-19051016 t19051016-751-punishment-33"/>Discharged on recognisances</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, October</hi> 19
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1905.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Jelf.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19051016-752">
<interp inst="t19051016-752" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19051016"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-752" type="date" value="19051016"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19051016-752-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-752-19051016 t19051016-752-offence-1 t19051016-752-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-752-19051016" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-752-19051016" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-752-19051016" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def1-752-19051016" type="surname" value="LIGHTFOOT"/>
<interp inst="def1-752-19051016" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN LIGHTFOOT</hi> (42)</persName>
<rs id="t19051016-752-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-752-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-752-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="perjury"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19051016-752-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-752-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-752-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to committing wilful and corrupt perjury. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19051016-752-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-752-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-752-punishment-34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-752-19051016 t19051016-752-punishment-34"/>Twelve months' hard labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19051016-753">
<interp inst="t19051016-753" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19051016"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-753" type="date" value="19051016"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19051016-753-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-753-19051016 t19051016-753-offence-1 t19051016-753-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-753-19051016" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-753-19051016" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-753-19051016" type="age" value="50"/>
<interp inst="def1-753-19051016" type="surname" value="BUTLER"/>
<interp inst="def1-753-19051016" type="given" value="GEORGE WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE WILLIAM BUTLER</hi> (50)</persName>
<rs id="t19051016-753-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19051016-753-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-753-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/>, Indicted for, and charged on the Coroner's inquisition with, the wilful murder of
<persName id="t19051016-name-172" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-172" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-172" type="surname" value="ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-172" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19051016-753-offence-1 t19051016-name-172"/>Mary Allen</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MATHEWS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JENKINS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-173" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-173" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-173" type="surname" value="FRANCE"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-173" type="given" value="AMELIA"/>AMELIA FRANCE</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of George France, an undertaker, of 28, Union Street, Marylebone, where we let the top part of the house—the prisoner and a woman, who passed as Mrs. Butler, occupied two rooms on the second floor—up to September they had been there nearly four years—the prisoner was a working shoemaker—they both worked at the business at home; she worked the boot sewing machine—there was a young man named George Melhuish living with them—he was Mrs. Butler's son—he left about the beginning of August to get married and then the prisoner and Mrs. Butler occupied the front room only—they paid their rent regularly every week—occasionally friends came to see them, but not very often, when there may have been beer sent out for, which always meant a little trouble, as they were not in the habit of drinking during the week—they seemed hard-working people—I never saw them the worse for drink when they were by themselves—if they had beer, they used to get bad
<lb/>tempered and quarrel together—except when they had beer they seemed to be happy, and to get on nicely together—I know the prisoner's son, George Butler—he came to the premises sometimes, but not very often—the prisoner and Melhuish seemed very comfortable together until about two months ago, when there was an extra quarrel, and the prisoner and Mrs. Butler seemed to be more bitter, and Melhuish was called in from the back by his mother—he had a separate room, which, I believe, he paid</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160048"/>
<p>for—I let the two rooms to his mother, and her son occupied the back room as a sleeping room—the quarrelling took place in the second floor front room—as far as I know, Melhuish went in there—I did not go in—I did not see Melhuish go in, but I heard him answering his mother—there seemed to be as though there was a scuffle up above—I thought the thing had gone on long enough and I went up with my husband to ask them to be quiet—I saw Melhuish and the prisoner on the landing outside the prisoner's room, quarrelling—they were speaking to each other, but I cannot say the words—I saw no blows or damage done—when Mrs. Butler called her son she said that the prisoner was cutting up her boots and had got the knife in his hand—they were not the ones she was wearing—I spoke to them, and they went into their room and were quiet—that was after the public-houses were closed and the streets were quiet—I should think it was after midnight—the next night, about public-house closing time, the prisoner knocked at the door—my husband and I had just come home, and we opened it to him—he was intoxicated—it was a Sunday or Monday, I cannot say for certain—he went up to the second floor—we were in a room below—he knocked at the second floor front door, but I do not think ho could get in—he kicked at the door and splintered the panel—the next I heard was a scuffle in Melhuish's room, which was above ours—the sounds were as if two people might be fighting—my husband and I went up and asked them to stop, and told them that there were other people in the house who had to be studied besides them—they went into the front room—they had been on the landing—my husband said to Melhuish, "Go into your own room and lock the door, and no trouble can come of it"—the prisoner went into his room all right and quiet, and Melhuish into his—the prisoner did not say anything about having an injury then—I did not hear him say anything to my husband—the next thing I heard was about 3 a.m., when we were awakened by Mrs. Butler knocking very hard at the door to bail her son George out—my husband went to the police station and bailed Melhuish out—between the scuffling in the back room and the prisoner and Melhuish going into their rooms I heard nobody go out or come into the house—I next saw the prisoner at the foot of the stairs in the passage about middle day—his face and mouth were very much swollen and he had a black eye—I said, "Whatever is the matter?"—he said, "Look what he has done to my face"—he could not speak pro
<lb/>perly—I knew he meant Melhuish had done it—he did not say Melhuish, because we only knew him as George, but he said, "George has done it"——he could not open his mouth at all—I have only heard him refer to it once—that night he went to the hospital and was there about ten days—when he returned he showed me a piece of thick wire which had been put into his jaw at the hospital—he said that Melhuish had broken his jaw, and he would do for him yet, and get his own back—the prisoner remained at home after his return from the hospital, and tried his best to work up to September 23rd—on that day Mrs. Butler brought down the rent about mid-day—from the time the prisoner came back from the hospital up to Saturday, the 23rd, he and Melhuish seemed to be getting on all right together—I heard no quarrelling—on the Sunday, about 3 or</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160049"/>
<p>4 a.m., we were waked up by some noise—I do not know what it was—the first words I heard were, "Mrs. France! Mrs. France! Come up for God's sake; he is killing me this time"—it was Mrs. Butler's voice—I got up to her as quickly as I could—I found her sitting on a chair inside her own room—she seemed to be in her night attire—I think she had a night
<lb/>gown on—I pushed the door open and said, "Good God! Butler, what is the matter?"—the prisoner was in the room—Mrs. Butler said, "Oh! Mrs. France, he has done me in this time"—I made a step forward into the room, and put my foot into something very sticky and wet, I looked, and it was a big pool of blood—I looked down the opening of something which Mrs. Butler had on and saw the blood was teeming all down the front of her body—the prisoner was on the other side of the bed—I went across to him and said, "What did you do it for?"—he said, "I do not know"—he was standing up—I cannot exactly say how he was dressed—he had his trousers on, and I suppose he had his shirt on—the bed had been slept in; the sheets were thrown back—I wrapped a sheet round Mrs. Butler and called for help—one of the other lodgers came in, and I left her winding the sheet round Mrs. Butler—I went to the window and whistled for the police—two officers were just opposite and they came to my assistance.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> During the tune the prisoner has lived with me he did not quarrel with the deceased except on Saturday nights—it was not an every week occurrence—on the nights they got drunk they usually finished up with a quarrel—they very seldom went put, but beer was brought in; as much as a pint and a half at a time—they would get the jug filled two or three times—I never interfere with my lodgers—I never know their conversations or anything else unless I am called to them—I cannot say that the prisoner and Mrs. Butler had a lot of friends—a very little extra beer meant trouble and quarrelling—the deceased did not always complain—she used to put up with it sometimes—I do not know if she was the beginning of the quarrelling—she had a black eye about twice—when they quarrelled they were never quiet until I went up, and then they were drunk, but not too much to know what they were doing—this was generally a Saturday night occurrence, after the work was finished—when Mrs. Butler called out, "He has cut my boots up, he has got the knife in his hand," she said it as if she was frightened—Melhuish went to quiet them—I think it was the following night that the prisoner came in drunk when his jaw was broken—when the deceased complained of his having the knife in his hand it was before the prisoner's jaw was broken—on the Sunday or Monday night I let the prisoner in because he could not find the key
<lb/>hole—I had had to let him in before when he was intoxicated once or twice—if he had not much work I believe he went out for a stroll and met friends and had a glass or two more than he usually did—after he came back from the hospital he seemed quite friendly with the deceased—he did not seem to resent as regards her when he was sober, the fact of his jaw being broken.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The night I let him in because he could not find the key
<lb/>hole was the night before the boots were cut up.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-174" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-174" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-174" type="surname" value="RAND"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-174" type="given" value="BESSIE CAROLINE"/>BESSIE CAROLINE RAND</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of James Rand, and for about eight weeks before September 23rd we lived at 28, Union Street—on Sunday</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160050"/>
<p>evening, September 17th, I was in my room, which was next to Mrs. Butler's Melhuish having left them—Mrs. Butler came to my door and knocked, and in consequence of what she said I handed her some smelling salts—she smelt them and went back to her own room—that was about 10.15 p.m.—later she left the house, and after she had gone I spoke to the prisoner, who was in his own room—I was at his door when the deceased went to get a glass of beer—the prisoner said, referring to her, "She is not my wife;
<hi rend="italic">her</hi> and her son
<hi rend="italic">has</hi> broken my jaw and I will do for the two of them "—I did not see any difference in the prisoner then, but I had not seen much of him—I did not notice that he was the worse for liquor—on Sunday, the 24th, between 3 and 4 a.m., I was in bed and asleep and was awakened by a noise in the next room—I heard the deceased call out, "Mrs. France! Mrs. France! do come up; he has stabbed me. Murder! Murder!"—I heard Mrs. France come up—I got up, and by the time I got to their room the police had arrived.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> On the 16th I only saw the deceased and the prisoner for a few minutes—I do not know whether they were drunk or sober then—I do not know if they usually quarrelled when they were drunk—I have only been there eight weeks last Monday—I only said, "Good-morning," or "Good-evening" to the deceased—I did not have a glass of beer with her—on the 17th, when the deceased went out to get her beer, the prisoner was sitting up in bed—he talked with great difficulty and very huskily—I have never seen the prisoner or the deceased drunk—I should say it would be difficult to say if a man was drunk if he was in bed speaking with difficulty and huskily—when the prisoner made this threat I said that he must be in great pain, as my husband met with an accident at his work and it took six months before his jaw was better—the prisoner appeared to be in terrible pain—I did not take it seriously when he said he would do for the two of them—I thought it was the silly observation of a man suffering great agony.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I am certain of the words the prisoner used on that occasion.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-175" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-175" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-175" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-175" type="given" value="VIOLET"/>VIOLET THOMPSON</persName> </hi>. I am a dressmaker, and have lodgings at 28, Union Street—prior to September 23rd I lived there for about four months—I knew the Butlers through living in the house—my room was on the top floor over theirs—sometimes I went down to their room—on September 23rd, about 10 p.m., I was in their room for about ten minutes—they were both there and also Melhuish and the prisoner's son—the prisoner and the deceased appeared to be very friendly as far as I could observe—I went up to my own room and went to bed—about 12 o'clock the deceased came to my room and spoke to me and then left—it was a little after 12.30 a.m. that I went to bed—after I had been to sleep I heard a noise of bumping against the door, which woke me—I thought it was in the Butlers room—I think I heard screams of murder in the deceased's voice, and immediately after that I heard Mrs. France come up to the Butlers room.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> When I was in their room at 10 p.m. I saw some beer there which they were all drinking as far as I can remember—the deceased</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160051"/>
<p>did not go out while I was there—they were drinking beer all the time I was there and seemed quite friendly.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-176" type="surname" value="MELHUISH"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-176" type="given" value="GEORGE WILLIAM"/>GEORGE WILLIAM MELHUISH</persName> </hi>. I live at 83, Clipston Residences, Cleveland Street, and am a bootmaker—the deceased was my mother—she was first married to Mr. Melhuish, who was my father—he died and she married Mr. Allen—I believe he is still alive, but I do not know—he has not been with my mother for quite ten years—for about four years the prisoner has been living with her and I lived with them at 28, Union Street, for nearly three years up to about August, when I left to get married—I occupied a back room and the prisoner and my mother the front room—the back room had a separate doorway—the prisoner's room was used for taking our meals in, and he used it to do his work in—he and my mother lived on very friendly terms,
<hi rend="italic">bar</hi> when they had a little drop too much to drink, when they used to quarrel, which generally happened on Saturdays when they finished work—the rest of the week they worked together and got on well—friends came to see them now and again, but not very often, occasionally on Sunday nights—sometimes a little extra drink was then, I believe, consumed—my mother used sometimes to call me into their room when there was a quarrel, and it was generally stopped, but I was not indoors much; I was out at night time for a walk—when my mother called me I went in and stopped the quarrelling by speaking to them, when they would go to bed and would be all right next, morning—sometimes Mrs. France came up to quiet them—I never saw any violence by the prisoner to my mother—I remember on one occasion, the day before I had this fight with the prisoner, when he and my mother were shouting at one another and mother holloaed—I went in and as soon as I got in, he closed up suddenly and got me on the floor—I had to give in and went back to bed and they seemed quiet after that—when I went into their room he was on the other side of the room not doing anything; they were jawing at one another—I did not notice anything in the prisoner's hand—late the next night he came in worse for drink—I heard him stumbling upstairs—he went to the front room door, and kicked or knocked and splintered it—then he went into the front room and sat there for a few minutes and then came into my room with a rush and said something about "Now I can have all I wanted"—I cannot remember exactly what he said—I had just got my trousers on as he was coming in and then, of course, I hit him and there was a scrum
<lb/>mage—I hit him with my fist, I believe, in the face several times—he did not strike me—I stood a decent distance away from him and at the finish I think we both went down—he got up and went into the other room—when he came into my room he was going for me—Mr. France came up and told me to go to bed and lock my door, or perhaps he might give me an unlucky blow—I locked my door and went to bed—I noticed that the prisoner's mouth was bleeding as he went away—soon after I had gone to bed I fell off in a kind of sleep—I do not know how long it was, but some
<lb/>body knocked at the door and I found it was two constables and the prisoner, and they took me to the station—I was bailed by Mr. France about fifteen minutes afterwards—I appeared at Marlborough Street the same morning, but the prisoner did not appear and I was discharged—I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160052"/>
<p>did not see him again until late that afternoon—nothing took place between us then—he was with my mother—I was looking for rooms—he stood two or three steps away from me, but did not speak—my mother told me he was going to the hospital—he was away from her for about ten days—when he came back I was having my dinner and I used to meet him in the house, but we were on very friendly terms—he told me I had broken his jaw—I said it could not be that, and we talked about it just ordinary, but he never said much about it—up to the time I left the house there was no further quarrel between us—since I left we have been very friendly together—after I ceased to live there I generally called there on a Sunday morning—I have not heard on any of those visits any quarrelling between the prisoner and my mother—on Saturday, September 23rd, I went to my mother's house between 9 and 10 p.m.—I found the prisoner, his mother and his son George in the room—my mother had gone to the Meat Market—the prisoner seemed all right—I did not notice that he had had too much to drink—I believe there was a jug of beer in the room, and I sent for some beer myself—I daresay I was there half an hour—I had not been there many minutes before my mother came in—she and the prisoner were all right—I do not think she had had anything to drink—I expect sometimes she would have too much to drink if she was at home with the prisoner on Saturday—the next I heard of this matter was on the Sunday morning, that my mother was at the hospital—I was with her when she died.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> While I lived with them I had to stop the quarrelling a few times, and on those occasions they were drunk—at other times they were perfectly happy and seemed fond of one another—when the prisoner said to me, "Now you can have all you want," there was no reason why he should say it, except that he was drunk—that threat was made before his jaw was broken—I have been out with him very often—we went to public-houses—sometimes my mother has been out with us—I did not generally stop with them—when I went into the room on September 23rd I think the prisoner was standing up doing something to the lamp; then he sat down in his chair—I noticed there was a glass and a jug there—I did not notice that the prisoner was drinking through a tube, but I know he had one—when my mother came in, the prisoner's son went for the beer, which I paid for—my mother did not go out again while I was there—I think I sent out for a pint of bitter and half a pint of stout—sometimes the prisoner and my mother would abuse one another and call one another objectionable names, and were very angry—as soon as the effects of drink had worn off they were all right again—when the prisoner came out of the hospital he did not seem to have any animosity against me—I have not been out with him since then, but I have visited there—I do not think he has been out since he came from the hospital—he did not seem to resent my visiting there—he has been nice to me and to my mother, excepting when he was drunk.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-177" type="surname" value="BUTLER"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-177" type="given" value="GEORGE WILLIAM"/>GEORGE WILLIAM BUTLER</persName> </hi>. I am the prisoner's son and live at 9, Marshall Street, Soho—I have not been living with my father for some time—I visited him occasionally and saw him with the deceased—they seemed to be on pretty fair terms—on September 23rd I visited them about</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160053"/>
<p>6.30 p.m. and stayed there until midnight—my father was complaining about his face, and said he was in terrible agony and could not stand it, and that when he got better he would go out and buy a revolver and blow out their brains—he did not refer to anybody before saying that, but I knew he meant the deceased and her son—he was telling me about the son breaking his jaw—he said that the son had punched him in the jaw and broke it on one side, and that as he fell he
<hi rend="italic">up</hi> with his foot and broke it the other side—he did not mention anyone else in connection with the breaking of his jaw—it was then that he mentioned the revolver, and I said, "If you are going to do them in, Dad, don't forget to do your
<lb/>self in as well"—I did not take his remark about the revolver seriously, but as a sort of joke—I was used to those silly signs, as he used to talk all kinds of silly things while I was at home about two years ago—on September 23rd, about 7.30, my grandmother came in and the prisoner told her about his jaw and told her not to be surprised to see him charged with murder—he said that Melhuish had caused the injury to his jaw and that while he was doing it the deceased said, "Go on, George, give it to him"—the prisoner was then in pain and half drunk—he made funny signs and was shaking his head in his hands and putting his head on his hands and putting it on the table—he said the pain was running up the sides of his jaw—before the deceased went out on September 23rd she brought the prisoner half a pint and I got him a pint and a half—there was only himself and my grandmother to drink it—one pint had been drunk before my grandmother came—I do not know if the prisoner drank all the pint and a half, which was all that was brought in between 6 and 7—Melhuish came in about 8 o'clock—the deceased had not returned then—my grandmother was still there—when the prisoner was telling us about his jaw he was half drunk, but he had the signs of being drunk when the deceased went out; he had just finished up a glass when she went out—before Melhuish came in the prisoner was in about the same condition, not quite half drunk—they seemed on friendly terms—I went out and got a pint and a half of bitter, which Melhuish paid for, and which the prisoner, my grandmother and Melhuish drank—after that was drunk Melhuish's friend named Arthur came in and paid for three pints—the prisoner, my grandmother, Melhuish and Arthur drank it—the deceased came back just after Melhuish's friend came in about 8.30 or 9 and after I had gone for the pint and a half and the three pints—by the time the deceased returned the prisoner was a little worse—he was not properly, he was just over the half drunk—my grandmother, Melhuish and Arthur were none of them drunk—when the deceased returned she seemed a bit miserable and showed the signs of drink—when she got back she had some bitter—I do not know what she was miserable for; she may have had a row, before she went out—she did not say anything when she came in—I was there until 12.5 a.m.—conversation was going on, and while the prisoner was drinking beer the deceased told him not to do so, as it would not do him any good—about 10.45 I paid for another pint of bitter, and later on a pint for the deceased and my grandmother—I did not drink any of it—my father made me some lemonade—it was just after 11 that</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160054"/>
<p>the deceased said to the prisoner, "You had better not drink any more, as it won't do you any good"—my father said he could drink it, but I must not—he went on drinking and the deceased said, "Well, all right, go on drinking it"—the prisoner was not able to put his glass to his lips, but had to put a red hot poker into the beer to warm it, and then drink it through a tube—when the deceased was remonstrating with the prisoner she was half drunk—I told my father several times not to drink—the deceased, after she had seen my grandmother home, said to me, "George, you had better sleep here to-night"—I said, "All right, I will make a bed on the chairs"—the prisoner said, "No, you won't. He has got a home of his own to go to; let him go"—he was well drunk then—that was about 11.55—I did not help to get him well drunk—I had got the beer, and, if he wanted it, let him have it—nobody came down to see me out—the deceased was in the room and heard what I said to my father, which was, "Don't get quarrelling to-night, Dad. If you do you will put your jaw out and it will never set"—he said, "No, no, that is all right, cock. God forbid I shall not touch her"—as far as I could see he understood what I said to him—there were no words, shortly before I left, between him and the deceased—I gave evidence before the Coroner—I did not say anything about something happening before I said that I advised them not to quarrel—I advised them because he was drunk—the only slight row that night was about the beer, when the deceased told the prisoner not to drink it—I left at 12.5 and told the prisoner I should come up to dinner next day—when I left he was well drunk and the deceased was half drunk—this is my signature (
<hi rend="italic">Coroner's depositions produced</hi>): "Mrs. Allen was more than half on and my father was worse"—that was read over to me before the Coroner, but I did not hear that part—Melhuish left about 10 p.m.—when I left, the prisoner and the deceased were alone.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> When the prisoner spoke about buying a revolver, only I and my grandmother were present—when I first got to the house the prisoner was just finishing his glass of beer—he was quite sober then, but showed signs of drinking—I did not take what he said seriously—when I lived at Fulham with him he used to say all kinds of things like that—he used to come home at night and walk round the room with a poker and look under the bed to see if anyone was there and say he would kill them if they were—I say on my oath that when I left the house on September 23rd my father was well drunk—the deceased was then sitting on the bed—the prisoner did not speak to her—when there was the dispute as to whether he should go on drinking or not he seemed to be friendly, but she seemed to holloa about it—they did not speak to each other for the rest of the evening—with the rest of the company my father was all right.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-178" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-178" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-178" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM CLARK</persName> </hi> (80 d.) I was on duty on the night of September 24th near Union Street—I went to number 28, with Glendinning, and into the room occupied by the prisoner and the deceased—I found the deceased was there, and the prisoner and a woman named Trekoff—the deceased was sitting on a chair in a pool of blood, and she had been stabbed in the abdomen—she was wearing a white chemise, and a sheet was wrapped</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160055"/>
<p>round the lower part of her body—the prisoner was standing on the opposite side of the bed—he had on his trousers, his waistcoat and a shirt—I said to the deceased, "What is the matter?"—she said, "He stabbed me," and looked in the direction of the prisoner—I went to him and said, "I shall arrest you for stabbing the woman"—he said, "All right; you know your business"—afterwards he said, "Her son broke my jaw," and he repeated that several times on the way to the station—he appeared to have been drinking—he seemed to understand what I said to him—at the station he was charged, and on the 25th was brought before the Magistrate—the woman was then alive, and the charge against the prisoner was wounding with intent to murder—I saw him on the 25th at the Police Court and he said to me, "How is she?"—I said, "I think she is getting on all right"—he said, "A good job too, for her and me. I was a b—fool."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He gave me the impression that he was glad she was getting on all right.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-179" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-179" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-179" type="surname" value="CLENDINNING"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-179" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN CLENDINNING</persName> </hi> (197 d.) On the night of September 24th I was called to 28, Union Street, with Clarke, where we found the deceased in the second, floor room—I took her to the hospital.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-180" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-180" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-180" type="surname" value="SEWELL"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-180" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID SEWELL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector D.</hi>) On September 24th I went to the Middlesex Hospital and saw Mrs. Allen, who was then alive—I saw that she was still bleeding from her wounds—I had some conversation with her and then went to the Tottenham Court Road police station, and saw the prisoner in custody—I told him he would be charged with causing grievous bodily harm to his wife—when the charge was read over to him he said, "I want to correct that; she is not my wife, but the woman I co-habit with"—about 3.50 on the Sunday morning I found two knives on the table in the house and five on a bench—they were the sort of knives used in the shoe-making trade—these two (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) are larger than the other five—when I found them, one of them had stains on it—I took possession of them and afterwards gave them to Dr. Rose for examination—I also found at the house these shoes (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>), which had been cut up.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Two knives were on the table, and five lying loose on the prisoner's work bench on the opposite side of the room to the bed—they are all ordinary shoemaker's knives.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-181" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-181" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-181" type="surname" value="BOYES"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-181" type="given" value="LEONARD"/>LEONARD BOYES</persName> </hi>. On September 24th I was house surgeon at the Middlesex Hospital when the deceased was brought there in the early morning—I saw her shortly after her admission—she was then in a collapsed condition, due to loss of blood—I examined her and found that there were two punctured wounds on the chest, two in the abdomen, a bruise on the right side of the forehead, and one on the left hand—the wounds in the chest were not so grave as those in the stomach, which were each about 1 inch long, one situated 1 1/2 inches from the middle line of the body on the left side, and both penetrated right into the abdominal cavity—they were dangerous wounds—on the Sunday morning and Monday she got a little better and the improvement continued throughout the Sunday morning and afternoon, but on the Monday morning she began to sink again and weakened gradually—at 2.55 a.m. on the 27th,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190510160056"/>
<p>shortly before her death, Inspector Lewis attended at the hospital-at that time the woman was in a very collapsed condition indeed, and it was determined to take a statement from her—in the inspector's presence I told her it was impossible that she could recover—the first time I told her she seemed to put it off and said, "I shall be all right"—I then told her plainly that she was going to die and very soon—as far as I can say, she seemed to understand what I said to her and seemed to accept the situation [
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JUSTICE JELF</hi>
<hi rend="italic">ruled that the statement was not admissible, as the evidence of expectation of death was not sufficient</hi>]—a statement was taken from her, which was read over to her, and she signed it—next day I, assisted by Dr. Rose, made a
<hi rend="italic">post-mortem</hi> examina
<lb/>tion, and found that the wounds in the chest did not penetrate the chest cavity, but the wounds in the stomach had penetrated the abdominal cavity quite 3 inches, and as a result of the lower of the two wounds in the stomach the intestines had been wounded in two distinct places, and pus had collected in one of the two wounds—inflammation had followed, setting up peritonitis, which had resulted in exhaustion and death—either of the graver wounds could have been occasioned by either of these two larger knives—I do not think it is possible that they were self-inflicted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19051016-name-182" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19051016-name-182" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-182" type="surname" value="ROSE"/>
<interp inst="t19051016-name-182" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS ROSE</persName> </hi>. I am assistant police surgeon of the D division, residing at 60, Bloomsbury Street—I was present at this
<hi rend="italic">post-mortem</hi> examination and have heard Dr. Boyes speak of it, and I entirely agree with him—I examined these two larger knives—either of them would have caused the injury—there was a bloodstain on this one ab