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<div1 type="frontMatter" id="f19050529">
<interp inst="f19050529" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050529"/>
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<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</p>
<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>POUND, MAYOR.</p>
<p>EIGHTH SESSION, HELD MAY 29TH, 1905.</p>
<p>MINUTES OF EVIDENCE,</p>
<p>TAKEN IN SHORTHAND BY</p>
<p>
<persName id="t19050529-name-1">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-1" type="surname" value="DALTON"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-1" type="given" value="ALFRED FITZGERALD"/>ALFRED FITZGERALD DALTON</persName>,</p>
<p>ROLLS CHAMBERS, No. 89, CHANCERY LANE.</p>
<p>(For many years with the late firm of Messrs. BARNETT & BUCKLER, Official Shorthand Writers to the Court.)</p>
<p>LONDON:</p>
<p>STEVENS AND SONS, LIMITED, 119, CHANCERY LANE,</p>
<p>Law Booksellers and Publishers.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190505290002"/>
<p>THE</p>
<p>WHOLE PROCEEDINGS</p>
<p>On the King's Commission of</p>
<p>OYER AND TERMINER AND GAOL DELIVERY</p>
<p>FOR</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>AND GAOL DELIVERY FOR THE</p>
<p>COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX, AND THE PARTS OF THE COUNTIES OF ESSEX, KENT, AND SURREY WITHIN THE JURISDICTION</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT,</p>
<p>Held on Monday, May 29th, 1905, and following days.</p>
<p>Before the Right Hon.
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-2" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-2" type="surname" value="POUND"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-2" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN POUND</persName>, LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; the Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-3" type="surname" value="GRANTHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-3" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM GRANTHAM</persName> </hi>, Knt., one of the Justices of His Majesty's High Court; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-4" type="surname" value="WILKIN"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-4" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER WILKIN</persName> </hi>, K.C.M.G.; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-5" type="surname" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-5" type="given" value="MARCUS"/>MARCUS SAMUEL</persName> </hi>, Bart., Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-6" type="surname" value="FULTON"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-6" type="given" value="FORREST"/>FORREST FULTON</persName> </hi>, Knt., K.C., Recorder of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-7" type="surname" value="TRUSCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-7" type="given" value="GEORGE WYATT"/>GEORGE WYATT TRUSCOTT</persName> </hi>, Knt.;
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS BOOR CROSLY</hi>, M.D.;
<hi rend="smallCaps">W.
<persName id="t19050529-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-8" type="surname" value="GUTHRIE"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-8" type="given" value="MURRAY"/>MURRAY GUTHRIE</persName> </hi>, Esq. M.P., and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-9" type="surname" value="HANSON"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-9" type="given" value="FRANCIS STANHOPE"/>FRANCIS STANHOPE HANSON</persName> </hi>, Esq., other of the Aldermen of the said City;
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-10" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-10" type="surname" value="BOSANQUET"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-10" type="given" value="FREDERICK ALBERT"/>FREDERICK ALBERT BOSANQUET</persName> </hi>, Esq., K.C., Common Serjeant of the said City; and his
<persName id="t19050529-name-11" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-11" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-11" type="surname" value="JUDGE"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-11" type="given" value="HONOUR"/>Honour Judge</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RENTOUL</hi>, K.C., Commissioner, His Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-12" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-12" type="surname" value="STRONG"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-12" type="given" value="THOMAS VEZEY"/>THOMAS VEZEY STRONG</persName> </hi>, Esq., Alderman.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE JOSEPEH WOODMAN</hi>, Esq., J.P.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-13" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-13" type="surname" value="HOWSE"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-13" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>FRANCIS HOWSE</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-14" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-14" type="surname" value="TIMBRELL"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-14" type="given" value="ANDREW WILLIAM"/>ANDREW WILLIAM TIMBRELL</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
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<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">POUND, MAYOR. EIGHTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that the prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—a dagger</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, May</hi> 29
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1905.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<p>435.
<persName id="def1-435-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-435-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-435-19050529" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-435-19050529" type="surname" value="VANGO"/>
<interp inst="def1-435-19050529" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS VANGO</hi> (19)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19050529-435-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-435-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-435-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t19050529-435-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-435-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-435-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>to breaking and enter
<lb/>ing the shop of
<persName id="t19050529-name-16" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-16" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-16" type="surname" value="ARGENT"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-16" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050529-435-offence-1 t19050529-name-16"/>Mary Argent</persName> and stealing £2 7s. 6d., her money, having been convicted of felony at Newington Sessions on October 21st, 1903.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19050529-435-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-435-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-435-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-435-19050529 t19050529-435-punishment-1"/>Nine months' hard labour.</rs> </hi></p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19050529-436" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050529"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-436" type="date" value="19050529"/>
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<p>(436.)
<persName id="def1-436-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-436-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-436-19050529" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-436-19050529" type="surname" value="SULLIVAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-436-19050529" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DANIEL SULLIVAN</hi> (32)</persName>
<rs id="t19050529-436-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-436-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-436-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, to malici
<lb/>ously wounding
<persName id="t19050529-name-18" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-18" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-18" type="surname" value="BIRCHALL"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-18" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050529-436-offence-1 t19050529-name-18"/>William Birchall</persName> with intent to do him some actual bodily harm</rs>.
<rs id="t19050529-436-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-436-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-436-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-436-19050529 t19050529-436-punishment-2"/>
<hi rend="italic">Six months' hard labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t19050529-436-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-436-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-436-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19050529-437" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050529"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-437" type="date" value="19050529"/>
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<p>(437.)
<persName id="def1-437-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-437-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-437-19050529" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-437-19050529" type="surname" value="PONT"/>
<interp inst="def1-437-19050529" type="given" value="ROBERT JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT JOHN PONT</hi> (37)</persName>
<rs id="t19050529-437-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-437-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-437-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>, to feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19050529-name-20" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-20" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-20" type="surname" value="HESSELEWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-20" type="given" value="EMILY CARRIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050529-437-offence-1 t19050529-name-20"/>Emily Carrie Hesselewood</persName>, his wife being alive</rs>.
<rs id="t19050529-437-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-437-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-437-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-437-19050529 t19050529-437-punishment-3"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eighteen months' hard labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t19050529-437-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-437-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-437-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19050529-438" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050529"/>
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<p>(438.)
<persName id="def1-438-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-438-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-438-19050529" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-438-19050529" type="surname" value="JACKSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-438-19050529" type="given" value="PETER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PETER JACKSON</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t19050529-438-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-438-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-438-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, to break
<lb/>ing and entering the warehouse of
<persName id="t19050529-name-22" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-22" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-22" type="surname" value="KNILL"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-22" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050529-438-offence-1 t19050529-name-22"/>Sir John Knill</persName> and others, and stealing a Masonic apron and other articles, the property of
<persName id="t19050529-name-23" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-23" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-23" type="surname" value="BEARMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-23" type="given" value="EDMUND"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050529-438-offence-1 t19050529-name-23"/>Edmund Bearman</persName>, and an overcoat and other articles, the property of
<persName id="t19050529-name-24" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-24" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-24" type="surname" value="HOWELL"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-24" type="given" value="HENRY JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050529-438-offence-1 t19050529-name-24"/>Henry John Howell</persName> </rs>.—
<hi rend="italic">Four previous convictions were proved against him.</hi>
<rs id="t19050529-438-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-438-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-438-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-438-19050529 t19050529-438-punishment-4"/>
<hi rend="italic">Nine months' hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t19050529-438-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-438-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-438-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19050529-439" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050529"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050529-439-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-439-19050529 t19050529-439-offence-1 t19050529-439-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050529-439-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-439-19050529 t19050529-439-offence-1 t19050529-439-verdict-1"/>
<p>(439.)
<persName id="def1-439-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-439-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-439-19050529" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-439-19050529" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-439-19050529" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM THOMPSON</hi> (19)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-439-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-439-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-439-19050529" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def2-439-19050529" type="surname" value="MURVYN"/>
<interp inst="def2-439-19050529" type="given" value="CHRISTOPHER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHRISTOPHER MURVYN</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t19050529-439-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-439-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-439-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, to stealing certain metal gas brackets, the property of
<persName id="t19050529-name-27" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-27" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-27" type="surname" value="LAWRENCE"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-27" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050529-439-offence-1 t19050529-name-27"/>William Lawrence</persName> and others;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to stealing certain gas brackets, the property of the governors of St. Dunstan's Charities;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to stealing cer
<lb/>tain metal gas brackets, the property of
<persName id="t19050529-name-28" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-28" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050529-439-offence-1 t19050529-name-28"/>David Sassoon and Co.</persName>;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to stealing a metal gas bracket, the property of
<persName id="t19050529-name-29" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-29" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-29" type="surname" value="CLIFTON"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-29" type="given" value="WILLIAM EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050529-439-offence-1 t19050529-name-29"/>William Edward Clifton</persName>; Murvyn having been convicted of felony at Clerkenwell Green on August 7th, 1901</rs>.
<hi rend="italic">Three other convictions were proved against him.</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMP
<lb/>SON</hi>
<rs id="t19050529-439-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-439-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-439-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-439-19050529 t19050529-439-punishment-5"/>
<hi rend="italic">Ten months' hard labour.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MURVYN</hi>
<rs id="t19050529-439-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-439-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-439-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-439-19050529 t19050529-439-punishment-6"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twenty months' hard labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t19050529-439-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-439-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-439-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19050529-440" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050529"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-440" type="date" value="19050529"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050529-440-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-440-19050529 t19050529-440-offence-1 t19050529-440-verdict-1"/>
<p>(440.)
<persName id="def1-440-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-440-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-440-19050529" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-440-19050529" type="surname" value="UNDERWOOD"/>
<interp inst="def1-440-19050529" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS UNDERWOOD</hi> (32)</persName>
<rs id="t19050529-440-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-440-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-440-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, to breaking and entering the counting house of the
<persName id="t19050529-name-31" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-31" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050529-440-offence-1 t19050529-name-31"/>Consolidated Petroleum Co.</persName>, and stealing six keys, their property, having been convicted of felony at Clerkenwell Sessions on November 18th, 1895.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">Five other convictions were proved against him.</hi>
<rs id="t19050529-440-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-440-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-440-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-440-19050529 t19050529-440-punishment-7"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eighteen months' hard labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t19050529-440-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-440-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-440-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050529-441">
<interp inst="t19050529-441" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050529"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-441" type="date" value="19050529"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050529-441-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-441-19050529 t19050529-441-offence-1 t19050529-441-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190505290004"/>
<p>(441.)
<persName id="def1-441-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-441-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-441-19050529" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-441-19050529" type="surname" value="CROXFORD"/>
<interp inst="def1-441-19050529" type="given" value="CHARLES HAMMOND"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES HAMMOND CROXFORD</hi> (33)</persName>
<rs id="t19050529-441-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-441-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-441-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to forging and uttering a receipt for £10 with intent to defraud;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to forging and uttering a notice of withdrawal for £10, from the Post Office Savings Bank;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to stealing a Post Office Savings Bank deposit book, having been convicted of felony at this Court on May 3rd, 1897</rs>.
<rs id="t19050529-441-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-441-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-441-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-441-19050529 t19050529-441-punishment-8"/>
<hi rend="italic">Six month' hard labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t19050529-441-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-441-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-441-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050529-442">
<interp inst="t19050529-442" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050529"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-442" type="date" value="19050529"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050529-442-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-442-19050529 t19050529-442-offence-1 t19050529-442-verdict-1"/>
<p>(442.)
<persName id="def1-442-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-442-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-442-19050529" type="surname" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-442-19050529" type="given" value="ARTHUR EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR EDWARD THOMAS</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t19050529-442-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-442-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-442-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, to stealing, whilst employed under the Post Office, a post letter containing three postal orders for the payment of 20s., 20s. and 2s. 6d., the property of the
<persName id="t19050529-name-34" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-34" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050529-442-offence-1 t19050529-name-34"/>Postmaster General</persName>;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to stealing a post letter containing a box of dyspepsia tablets, the property of the Postmaster General</rs>.
<hi rend="italic">He received a good character</hi>.
<rs id="t19050529-442-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-442-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-442-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-442-19050529 t19050529-442-punishment-9"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eight months' hard labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t19050529-442-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-442-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-442-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050529-443">
<interp inst="t19050529-443" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050529"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-443" type="date" value="19050529"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050529-443-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-443-19050529 t19050529-443-offence-1 t19050529-443-verdict-1"/>
<p>(443.)
<persName id="def1-443-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-443-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-443-19050529" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-443-19050529" type="surname" value="BAVE"/>
<interp inst="def1-443-19050529" type="given" value="GEORGE JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE JAMES BAVE</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t19050529-443-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-443-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-443-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, to stealing, whilst employed under the Post Office, a letter containing a postal order for 10s., the property of the
<persName id="t19050529-name-36" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-36" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050529-443-offence-1 t19050529-name-36"/>Postmaster General</persName> </rs>.
<hi rend="italic">He received an excellent character</hi>.
<rs id="t19050529-443-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-443-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-443-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-443-19050529 t19050529-443-punishment-10"/>
<hi rend="italic">Six months' hard labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t19050529-443-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-443-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-443-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050529-444">
<interp inst="t19050529-444" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050529"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-444" type="date" value="19050529"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050529-444-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-444-19050529 t19050529-444-offence-1 t19050529-444-verdict-1"/>
<p>(444.)
<persName id="def1-444-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-444-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-444-19050529" type="age" value="41"/>
<interp inst="def1-444-19050529" type="surname" value="GATER"/>
<interp inst="def1-444-19050529" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES GATER</hi> (41)</persName>
<rs id="t19050529-444-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-444-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-444-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>, to feloni
<lb/>ously marrying
<persName id="t19050529-name-38" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-38" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-38" type="surname" value="BUTLER"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-38" type="given" value="EDITH EMILY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050529-444-offence-1 t19050529-name-38"/>Edith Emily Butler</persName>, his wife being alive. </rs>
<rs id="t19050529-444-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-444-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-444-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-444-19050529 t19050529-444-punishment-11"/>
<hi rend="italic">Six months' hard labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t19050529-444-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-444-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-444-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050529-445">
<interp inst="t19050529-445" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050529"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-445" type="date" value="19050529"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050529-445-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-445-19050529 t19050529-445-offence-1 t19050529-445-verdict-1"/>
<p>445.
<persName id="def1-445-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-445-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-445-19050529" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-445-19050529" type="surname" value="BLACKMORE"/>
<interp inst="def1-445-19050529" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY BLACKMORE</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t19050529-445-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-445-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-445-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, Stealing, whilst employed under the Post Office, a postal packet containing a ring and nine 1d. stamps and a box, the property of the
<persName id="t19050529-name-40" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-40" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050529-445-offence-1 t19050529-name-40"/>Postmaster General</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BIRON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-41" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-41" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-41" type="surname" value="COMPTON"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-41" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN COMPTON</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the employment of the Post Office—before May this year there were a number of complaints of letters being; missed which passed through the South Western Post Office—I was asked to investigate the matter, and on May 3rd I made up what is known as a test packet—it consisted of this gold ring (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>), which has my private mark upon it—I placed it in a small chocolate box—I also put in the packet nine 1d. postage stamps, which I marked, and also a written communication—the whole I put into a very stout envelope, which I fastened down very carefully, but not with sealing wax—I addressed it to A. J. Cowley, Esq., Ringwood, Ranelagh Gar
<lb/>dens, London, S.W.—that was not an address upon the prisoner's rounds—I posted it at the South Western District Post Office about 12.45 that day—that is the post office where the prisoner is employed—I gave instructions as to what was to be done—the packet coming in the ordi
<lb/>nary way under the prisoner's observation, should have been thrown out as a mis-sort; it was placed in his delivery—about 5.15 I saw him at the district office and told him 1 had been enquiring into the losses of packets, and I cautioned him—I said, "You had a mis-sort packet on your walk to-day for Ranelagh Gardens; what did you do with it?"—he said, "I remember the packet; I threw it out as a mis-sort"—I said, "Do you mind turning out your pockets?"—he said, "No," and pro
<lb/>duced from a pocket a small purse, at the bottom of which was the ring marked by me—I said, "What have you done with the other contents</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190505290005"/>
<p>of the packet?"—he said, "I have not seen them. I can account for my possession of the ring; I picked it up on the floor of the office. After I threw the packet out as a mis-sort, I picked the ring up"—the ring could not have come out, even if the packet had been opened, because it would not have come out of the chocolate box—it was a very tightly pressed box.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-42" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-42" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-42" type="surname" value="MITCHLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-42" type="given" value="ALBERT EDWARD"/>ALBERT EDWARD MITCHLEY</persName> </hi>. On May 3rd I received instructions from Mr. Compton, and in consequence I received at the South Western Dis
<lb/>trict Post Office a packet addressed to A. J. Cowley, Esq., Ringwood, Rane
<lb/>lagh Gardens, London, S.W., which I put on the prisoner's board; that is where the letters which he is going to take out on his next round would be—if a letter was put there with an address which is not included in his delivery, he should reject it—there is a rack in front of his board, where he should put mis-sorted letters, and there is a clerk who takes them away—I did not see him go out on this morning, nor did I see on his board any letter as a mis-sort—I did not see this packet where it should have been.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> Mis-sorted letters are sometimes put on the table—it frequently happens that men leave letters behind them which they endorse.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> On this occasion I searched everywhere to see if there was a letter.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I was specially observing the prisoner on this day—I especially looked in every place which is usually used for mis-sorted letters, to see if there was one, but I did not find one.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-43" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-43" type="surname" value="ELSWORTHY"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-43" type="given" value="FRANK AUGUSTUS"/>FRANK AUGUSTUS ELSWORTHY</persName> </hi>. I am an overseer in the Post Office—I was on duty about 1 o'clock on May 3rd at the South Western District Post Office, where I saw the prisoner at his board—I had received instructions from Mitchley to keep an eye upon him—I called out to certain men to clear out their walks—the prisoner came and took this packet, I saw him put it to his ear and shake it, and I never saw it after
<lb/>wards—if he had thrown out a packet as a mis-sort I should have seen it, and it would have come to the sorting table again—if anyone in the em
<lb/>ployment of the Post Office finds a ring, his duty is to hand it over to his overseer or some other responsible officer—on that day I should have been the officer—this (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) is the book in which everything found in this way is entered—the rule is well known among the employees that every thing that is found should be handed over.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-44" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-44" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-44" type="surname" value="DOWNES"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-44" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR DOWNES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Constable, G.P.O.</hi>) I arrested the prisoner on May 3rd—he said nothing.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner's statement before the Magistrate:</hi> "I plead not guilty, and call no witnesses."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in a written statement, said that he saw the packet addressed to an address which was not on his walk; that he placed it in the packet tray and went back to his table; that as he was starting on his walk he saw some
<lb/>thing shining on the floor, which he picked up and found to be a ring; that he put it in his pocket and meant to give it up; that he went on his walk, and when he returned he was going upstairs to tell the inspector that he had found</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190505290006"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">a ring which he had forgotten to give up, when the overseer told him he was wanted in the Postmaster's room; that he told the two gentlemen there that he had seen the packet, and told them that he had sorted it; that when he was searched the ring was found in his purse, and that he had not seen the chocolate box and the stamps.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19050529-445-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-445-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-445-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Strongly recommended to mercy by the Jury.
<rs id="t19050529-445-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-445-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-445-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-445-19050529 t19050529-445-punishment-12"/>Eight months' hard labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Monday, and</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, May</hi> 29
<hi rend="italic">th and</hi> 30
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1905.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050529-446">
<interp inst="t19050529-446" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050529"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-446" type="date" value="19050529"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050529-446-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-446-19050529 t19050529-446-offence-1 t19050529-446-verdict-1"/>
<p>446.
<persName id="def1-446-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-446-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-446-19050529" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-446-19050529" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="def1-446-19050529" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN CLARK</hi> (29)</persName>
<rs id="t19050529-446-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-446-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-446-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Feloniously uttering a counterfeit half-crown, well knowing the same to be counterfeit.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PARTRIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-46" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-46" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-46" type="surname" value="CHARLTON"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-46" type="given" value="FANNY"/>FANNY CHARLTON</persName> </hi>. I am the landlady of a public-house at 34, Farringdon Street—on Saturday, April 22nd, I was behind the bar when the prisoner came in and called for half of mild and bitter, and my nephew served him under my eyes—the price was 1 1/2 d., and he tendered in payment this half-crown (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>)—I tested it and found it was bad, and told the prisoner so—he said, "Give it me back," and he tendered 1 1/2 d. for his beer—I refused to give him the coin back, and broke it in two—I said that it did not belong to him—in the meantime he asked for a pennyworth of tobacco and I said, "You cannot have it; we have sold out"—it was then that I tested the half-crown and broke it—I said, "I shall look you up," and he said, "If you lock me up I shall have to stay there all night"—I said, "No, you will not have to stay there, if you can tell where you got it from"—I then told my nephew in the prisoner's presence to jump over the counter to see if he could see a policeman, and he did so—I went out of another door, and the prisoner followed us—we saw a policeman coming out of the Viaduct, and we signalled him—he came up and I told him what had happened—he took the prisoner and searched him—nothing else was found—I charged him and he was taken to the police station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> I did not say at the Police Court that I served you—you asked for the pennyworth of tobacco to take our attention off the half-crown you had given us—you asked for it back two or three times—I went out of one door, and you went out of another—when I came back you were waiting on the pavement—it was not any good your running away—I did not hear my nephew say to you, "Why don't you get away while you have got a chance," nor did I hear you say, "Give it to me back, and I will take it back to the public-house where I got it from"—you told the inspector at the police station you thought you got it at a public-house of which you did not know the name, while you told me you got it at Liverpool Street station—you were quite sober or you would not have been served—I did not have to call twice to my nephew to come out from the bar to fetch a policeman.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The policeman was only a few yards away when we came out of the public-house—we are not very busy on Saturday night.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190505290007"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-47" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-47" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-47" type="surname" value="BILLING"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-47" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL BILLING</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">P.C.</hi> 312
<hi rend="italic">City</hi>). On the night of April 22nd I was on duty in Holborn Viaduct, when I saw Miss Charlton standing about six yards away from the public-house near the Viaduct with the prisoner—she was beckoning to me, and I went to her—she said, "This man has given me this bad half-crown in payment for half of mild and bitter" and she handed me this coin—I said to him, "If this is yours, how do you account for its possession?"—he said, "It was given to me in change for half a sovereign last night at Liverpool Street station"—I said, "Have you got any money, or what have you done with the remainder?"—he replied, "I have no more; I have spent the rest"—I took him to the public-house, where 1 searched him and found nothing on him—I said to him, "Did not you know that this was bad?"and he said, "No"—I said, "You have had it in your possession twenty-four hours, and it is about time you did, and you will have to come to the station"—I took him to Snow Hill police station—on the way he said nothing—when the inspec
<lb/>tor on duty asked him how he could account for its possession he said that he had obtained it in change for half a sovereign the night before, at a public-house opposite Liverpool Street station—he was then asked where he got the half sovereign from, and he said, "I got it from a bookmaker," but he declined to give the name, saying he knew who he was—he was then charged with uttering counterfeit coin, well knowing the same to be counterfeit—he said, "Well knowing; all right"—he gave his name to the inspector as John Clark, and his address at a common lodging house in Eagle Street, Red Lion Street, Holborn—I went there, but there was no such person who had been residing there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> On the way back to the cell at the station you said, referring to the address you had given at Eagle Street, "I do not suppose they will know me, as I have only been stopping there two or three weeks, and they do not enter the names in a book.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> When I went to the lodging house I described the prisoner.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-48" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-48" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Coin at His Majesty's Mint—this is a bad half-crown.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner's statement before the Magistrate:</hi> "I am innocent of this crime.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner desired to know whether a letter had been received by the
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi> from the bookmaker from whom he had obtained the ten shilling piece. It was ascertained that no such letter had been received. In his defence, he said that he had got the bad coin in some change for half a sovereign at a public-house.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19050529-446-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-446-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-446-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050529-447">
<interp inst="t19050529-447" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050529"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-447" type="date" value="19050529"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050529-447-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-447-19050529 t19050529-447-offence-1 t19050529-447-verdict-1"/>
<p>447.
<persName id="def1-447-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-447-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-447-19050529" type="age" value="54"/>
<interp inst="def1-447-19050529" type="surname" value="SMART"/>
<interp inst="def1-447-19050529" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS SMART</hi> (54)</persName>
<rs id="t19050529-447-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-447-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-447-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Uttering counterfeit coin, well know
<lb/>ing the same to be counterfeit.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-50" type="surname" value="PARKER"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-50" type="given" value="SAMUEL JAMES"/>SAMUEL JAMES PARKER</persName> </hi>. I am a barman at the Queen's Arms, Norland Road, Hammersmith—I was serving in the bar on April 29th, when about 8.40 p.m. the prisoner came in, accompanied by a woman, and called for</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190505290008"/>
<p>two glasses of ale—the price is 2d. and he tendered this florin (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) in payment, putting it down quietly on the counter—I picked it up and thought it was light, so I took it to the manager—he scraped it with another coin and came back with me to where the prisoner and the woman were standing—I told the prisoner it was a bad one, and that we could not accept it—I gave it him back and he said, "Some b——will have to have it"—before he went away he said that he had got it from Bosher's, the pawnbrokers—when I gave him the bad florin back he threw a good one, which he took from his right-hand trousers packet, on the counter, and said, "Is that a bad one?"—the manager gave him the change, and they drank up and went out.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> You did not throw down the first florin in the ordinary way—you did not give me two coppers when I returned the bad florin to you.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-51" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-51" type="surname" value="GOODY"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-51" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED GOODY</persName> </hi>. I am manager at the Queen's Arms—on the night of April 29th Parker brought me a florin, which I tested by scraping the edge with another coin, and I found it to be bad—I gave it back to him, and went with him to where the prisoner was standing with a woman—I heard the conversation that took place between the prisoner and Parker—I gave 1s. 10d. change to the prisoner in change for a good florin—he then left the bar with the woman, and I went back to where I was standing previously—I then saw two police constables, Wretham and Parrett, in plain clothes, off duty, and I spoke to them—they then left the bar—this is the bad florin that I tested (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>).</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You said, "Some other b——will have to have it," meaning the bad florin.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I gave him a shilling, a sixpence, and four pennies in change for the good florin.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-52" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-52" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-52" type="surname" value="PARKER"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-52" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN PARKER</persName> </hi>. I am the proprietress of the Victoria beerhouse, Latimer Road, Hammersmith—about 8.30 p.m. on April 29th I was in the bar when the prisoner came in with a woman and called for two glasses of ale, the price of which would be 2d.—I served him and he tendered this 2s. piece (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>), in payment for which I gave him 1s. 10d. change—I took the coin in my hand—I had my doubts about it—at that moment Wretham came in and I handed it to him—he came in with another constable and they arrested the prisoner there and then.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-53" type="surname" value="PARRETT"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-53" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY PARRETT</persName> </hi> (P.C. 21
<hi rend="italic">X.R.</hi>) On the evening of April 29th I was in the Queen's Arms, off duty, with Wretham when a communication was made to us by Mr. Goody, the manager, in consequence of which we went out and followed the prisoner with a woman for about half a mile—they entered the Victoria beerhouse at the corner of Hunt Street and Latimer Road—I went in while the prisoner was being served with two glasses of ale, and Wretham went round to the next bar to get the florin from the landlady—I arrested the prisoner and the woman—the woman was dis
<lb/>charged before the Magistrate—when I arrested them I said they would both be arrested for passing a bad 2s. piece which they had shortly before attempted to pass to the potman at the Queen's Arms, who had returned it to them telling them it was a bad one—the prisoner replied,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190505290009"/>
<p>" Yes, I know, but somebody put it into me, and I am going to see some other b—gets it. I must have got it at Bosher's"—the woman said, "Yes; that is right; he got some tools out of pawn and they must have given it him"—I searched the prisoner there and then and found 10s. in gold and two shillings, two sixpences and 7d. in bronze, all flood money—I took them to the station, where the charge was formally made—the prisoner said, "She is innocent. I will take all the blame myself"—he gave an address at 84, Blechynden Street, Notting Hill, the same address as the woman gave—the woman had some money on her also.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-54" type="surname" value="WRETHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-54" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS WRETHAM</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">P.C.</hi> 142
<hi rend="italic">X.</hi>) Between 8 and 9 p.m. on April 29th I was with Parrett, off duty, in the Queen's Arms—we followed the prisoner and a woman to the Victoria beerhouse—Mrs. Parker handed me this counterfeit coin (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>), which was marked by Parrett at the police station—when charged, the prisoner gave an address at 84, Blechynder Street—I could find no traces of him there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-55" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-55" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Coin at His Majesty's Mint—this is a counterfeit florin (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>).</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-56" type="surname" value="ANDREWS"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-56" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE ANDREWS</persName> </hi>. I am an assistant to Mr. Bosher, pawnbroker, of 74, Bramley Road, Notting Hill—I have known the prisoner in the name of Smith as a customer—I cannot say for certain if any property was pawned in that name on April 29th—property was redeemed in that name on that date—the amount paid on the redemption was 5s. 8 1/2 d. but I cannot say what money went to make up that amount, and I do not know by whom the goods were redeemed—the goods are described as carpenter's tools, and a pair of boots.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. It may have been the prisoner who redeemed them, but I cannot remember.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner's statement before the Magistrate:</hi> "I swear I got the 2s. piece at Bosher's. I thought it looked good enough after the first gentle
<lb/>man said it was not. I gave half a sovereign in payment at Bosher's."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Evidence for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-57" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-57" type="surname" value="BEAL"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-57" type="given" value="MAY"/>MAY BEAL</persName> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.) I live at 68, Thames Street—all I know about this case is that on April 29th the prisoner redeemed some things at Bosher's, the pawnbrokers—he gave half a sovereign, and they gave him two 2s. pieces back and some pence.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I think he had to pay 5s. 7 1/2 d. for the goods—there were a pair of boots, 1s. 6d., and some stonemason's tools—the boots had been repaired before he pawned them, and they had not been worn—I should know the man who handed the goods over the counter again—I was charged with the prisoner at the Police Court—I did not see the prisoner call anyone on his own behalf there—I saw the man who served him called—the prisoner used to come to where I had rooms for his meals, at No. 68, Blechynden Street—I used to do his washing there also—he has not lived with me now for about two months.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence, said that he obtained the counterfeit florin in change for half a sovereign at a pawnbroker's; that on being told by the barman at the Queen's Arms that it was bad he was going back to the pawnbroker's</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190505290010"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">when on looking at it he thought it looked all right, and went into a public-house to have half a pint.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19050529-447-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-447-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-447-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">He received a good character</hi>.
<rs id="t19050529-447-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-447-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-447-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-447-19050529 t19050529-447-punishment-13"/>
<hi rend="italic">Discharged on recognisances.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050529-448">
<interp inst="t19050529-448" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050529"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-448" type="date" value="19050529"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050529-448-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-448-19050529 t19050529-448-offence-1 t19050529-448-verdict-1"/>
<p>448.
<persName id="def1-448-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-448-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-448-19050529" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-448-19050529" type="surname" value="MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-448-19050529" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN MARTIN</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t19050529-448-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-448-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-448-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering a counterfeit coin intended to represent a sixpence, knowing the same to be counterfeit.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-59" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-59" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-59" type="surname" value="CHADWICK"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-59" type="given" value="CAROLINE"/>CAROLINE CHADWICK</persName> </hi>. I reside at 64. Deep Road Shoreditch, where my father keeps a general shop—I sometimes serve in the shop—in the afternoon of Thursday, April 27th, I was in the shop when the prisoner came in and asked for a halfpenny book of "A. G.," and I served him with a packet of
<hi rend="italic">fag</hi> papers—he gave me this coin (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) in payment, which I took and showed to my father, who was in the back room—he came into the shop and shut the door—on the Tuesday before, between 7.30 and 8 p.m., I had taken this bad coin (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) off a man like the prisoner, who asked for a halfpenny packet of cigarette papers—I gave it then to my mother, who put it in her pocket—she gave me 5 1/2 d. change and I gave it to the man—the coin is exactly like the one that the prisoner tendered on this occasion.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-60" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-60" type="surname" value="CHADWICK"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-60" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST CHADWICK</persName> </hi>. I am the father of Caroline Chadwick—between 1 and 2 p.m. on April 27th I was in the room at the back of the shop when she brought me in this coin—I tried it with my teeth, and then I followed my daughter into the shop—I said nothing to the prisoner, but I sent for a constable—whilst waiting in the shop for him the prisoner said, "I will pay a halfpenny for the cigarette book,' and he showed me a half
<lb/>penny—I told him to wait and he said, "If it is a bad one, I did rot know it"—I had not said anything to him about the coin being bad—he said he had got it in change at a public-house in the road the previous night—he did not say which road—on the Wednesday before this, about dinner-time a farthing just like this one silvered over (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) was shown to me by Willie Newman, a neighbour,
<hi rend="italic">who</hi> brought it back—I detained the prisoner till the constable's arrival, when I said in the prisoner's presence, "This is a bad sixpence"—the constable took it and looked at it, and I said, "This is another one I also had on Tuesday night," and I showed him the one that the neighbour had returned to me; it was brought back to me about two hours afterwards.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-61" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-61" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-61" type="surname" value="CHADWICK"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-61" type="given" value="CAROLINE"/>CAROLINE CHADWICK</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Ernest Chadwick—on April 25th my daughter brought me a coin which I put in my pocket—I gave her 5 1/2 d. change—the next morning my neighbour's little boy, Willie Newman, came in with six pennies for 6d., and I gave him the coin that I had had from my little girl the day before—he brought it back—the prisoner was brought back about two hours afterwards.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-62" type="surname" value="HOODLESS"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-62" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST HOODLESS</persName> </hi> (431
<hi rend="italic">J.</hi>) About 1.30 p.m. on April 27th I was sum
<lb/>moned to Mr. Chadwick's shop, where I found the prisoner detained—Mr. Chadwick told me that the prisoner had come into the shop, and tendered a coin for a cigarette book, and as he did not like the appearance of it he</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190505290011"/>
<p>sent for me—he said that his little daughter had recognised the prisoner as the man who had come in two nights previously, and had given a similar coin and had received 5 1/2 d. change—I asked the little girl, who was in the shop at the time, if the prisoner was the same man that had come into the shop previously, and she said she was not certain, but he had the same appearance—this was all said in the prisoner's hearing, but he said nothing—I asked him where he had got the coin, and he said, "I did not know it was a bad one. I had it given to me in change in a public-house last night"—he said he did not know where the public-house was—I searched him in the shop, and found Ave cigarette books, fourteen pennies, fourteen halfpennies, and eleven farthings on him—I took him to the police station where the charge was formally made—he said, "All I have got to say is that I got it in a public-house in change last night in Clare Market"; he did not know the name of the public-house—he gave his address as Victoria Home, Whitechapel, which is a common lodging house—these are the coins that Mr. Chadwick handed to me (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>).</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You did not tell me that you worked in Clare Market sometimes selling vegetables.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-63" type="surname" value="BOVEY"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-63" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN BOVEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Sergeant</hi> 15
<hi rend="italic">J.</hi>) I was in charge of the police station on April 27th when the prisoner was brought in—on reading the charge over to him, in which he was charged with uttering both coins, he said, "Only one of those was mine. One I took in change at a public-house at Market Place, Hackney"—he gave his address as Victoria Home, Whitechapel, where I made enquiries.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You were not known there—you said you were known there in another name—I did net have a ticket from you with the registered number on—no ticket was found on you.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. He gave the name of John Martin when charged—he did not give any further information by which he could be identified—I brought a person forward who had received similar coins on the same dates, but she was not able to identify him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-64" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-64" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-64" type="surname" value="HODLESS"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-64" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST HODLESS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>). I did not find any ticket on him giving his registered number at any particular lodging house—there was nothing which related to any lodging house.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-65" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-65" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-65" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Coin at His Majesty's Mint—these are two bronze farthings (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>)—they have been filed on the reverse to take off the type of coin—one side is very similar to a sixpence—they have been then plated on both sides—they have both been manipulated in the same way, and they look like sixpences.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner's statement before the Magistrate:</hi> "I got it in change for a shilling at a public-house in the Broadway, the Market Place. I do live at the address I gave, but in a different name."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence, said that he obtained the coin in change at a public-house, and when tendering it he did not know it was bad; that he gave 3d. for a dozen farthings to a woman to oblige her; that he bought the cigarette books found on him from a man in the same lodging house; that he had for
<lb/>gotten that he had them when he went in to purchase another book; and that</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190505290012"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">he knew nothing of the coin it was alleged that he had passed on the Tuesday before.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19050529-448-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-448-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-448-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Several previous convictions were proved against him.
<rs id="t19050529-448-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-448-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-448-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-448-19050529 t19050529-448-punishment-14"/>Twelve months' hard labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050529-449">
<interp inst="t19050529-449" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050529"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-449" type="date" value="19050529"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050529-449-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-449-19050529 t19050529-449-offence-1 t19050529-449-verdict-1"/>
<p>449.
<persName id="def1-449-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-449-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-449-19050529" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-449-19050529" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="def1-449-19050529" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM BAKER</hi> (34)</persName>
<rs id="t19050529-449-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-449-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-449-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Uttering counterfeit coin twice on the same day well knowing the same to be counterfeit.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PARTRIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-67" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-67" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-67" type="surname" value="GRAHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-67" type="given" value="CONSTANCE"/>CONSTANCE GRAHAM</persName> </hi>. I am a barmaid, employed at the Walmer Castle, Peckham Road—I was on duty on Saturday, May 20th, about 10.15 p.m. when the prisoner came and asked for a small soda, price 2d.—I gave him the soda, and he tendered this shilling (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) in payment—I took it and thought it was counterfeit—I tried it and broke it into two pieces—he could see me do it—I told him it was counterfeit, and he said he was sorry, and gave me a florin—I gave him change for it, and he stood there some time, apologising—somebody said that I ought not to have broken it in half, but the prisoner said I was quite right in doing so—I gave him back the bits, and he stood there talking to a customer—Mr. Brown then came up and somebody told him about it—he did not speak to the prisoner at all—I do not know what became, of the coin, and I did not see it again until at the Police Court—when I gave the bits back to the prisoner he broke them again into four—the last time I saw the four pieces was on the counter—I do not think I spoke to Mr. Brown while the prisoner was there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Mr. Kemp entered the bar while you were there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-68" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-68" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-68" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-68" type="given" value="GEORGE JOSEPH"/>GEORGE JOSEPH BROWN</persName> </hi>. I keep the Walmer Castle—I was just going into the bar, about 10.20 p.m. on May 20th, when I saw the prisoner standing talking to my wife at the bar as if he were making excuses—I heard him say that the barmaid had done quite right in breaking the coin—four pieces of a shilling were handed to me by my wife—the prisoner left the house, not having seen me, and I followed him—he joined two other men some distance from the house, had some conversation with them, and exchanged some coins—I could see money was passing, but I could not swear to what coins they were—I followed them to the Stirling Castle, about half a mile off in the neighbourhood of Camberwell—the prisoner went in alone, the other men staying on the opposite side of the road—I followed the prisoner inside and saw him call for a glass of bitter, for which he tendered a shilling—the price was 2d., and the young woman, Georgina Lawrence, gave him 10d. change and put the shilling on the till, giving him the beer—I was behind him while that was going on—he then left having only drunk a portion of the beer—I asked the barmaid for the coin, which she gave me—I broke it into these three pieces (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) with my teeth, in her presence—I went outside and caught hold of the prisoner, and told him I should charge him with uttering counterfeit coin—he had got about five or six yards, and was standing looking up and down as if he were looking for someone—the other two men were not in sight—he became very violent and broke away from me—he said nothing—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190505290013"/>
<p>I sent to the station for a constable, and afterwards made a communication to Sergeant Hedges—it was after 10.30 p.m. when he broke away from me—I saw him again just before 11 p.m., and I told the officers to take him into custody for uttering counterfeit coin—the prisoner made use of some language and said, "Strike me blind, I do not know what it means"—he was then taken into custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am certain that I saw you in company with two other men; I could identify one of them now—you were about twenty or thirty yards in front—there was enough light to enable me to see you distinctly in the company of two other men passing coins—I cannot say whether they were silver or not—you went into the private bar of the Stirling Castle, and from there into the saloon bar, and came back into the private bar again.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I took strict observation of the prisoner, as he was a stranger—I heard him speaking to my wife, and I can recognise his voice.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-69" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-69" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-69" type="surname" value="LAWRENCE"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-69" type="given" value="GEORGINA"/>GEORGINA LAWRENCE</persName> </hi>. I am a barmaid at the Stirling Castle, Camber
<lb/>well Green—about 10.30 p.m. on May 20th I was in the bar when the prisoner came in and ordered a glass of bitter—I served him, and he gave me a shilling, which I put on the till—it was the only shilling there—the prisoner went out—Mr. Brown then said something to me, and I handed the shilling to him—on the Monday after, I went to the police station, where, at the back of the Court, I saw a number of men in line—I had to look down them, and identify the prisoner—when I looked I said to the police officer, "There are two men alike here, sir"—I knew the prisoner at once; I simply passed the remark that there were two men alike—I picked out the prisoner as the man who had passed this bad coin, and I say now that he is the man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not have any difficulty in picking you out—I simply said, "There are two men alike here; I should like to see Mr. Brown"—I did not wait till I saw Mr. Brown before I picked you out—I had no object in saying that I wanted to see him; it was rather nervousness on my part, I suppose; it was just an expression—you came into the saloon, bar first, and Mr. Brown was behind you when you called for the beer—you did not go into the private bar.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-70" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-70" type="surname" value="HEDGES"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-70" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK HEDGES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Sergeant P.</hi>) I was with Mr. Brown on Saturday night, May 20th, in Church Road, Camberwell, when I saw the prisoner—Mr. Brown said to me in the presence of, and referring to, the prisoner, "This is the man who passed a counterfeit shilling at my house. I give him into custody"—I was with another officer at the time, and I said to the prisoner," We are two police officers, and we are going to take you into custody"—he said, "Strike me blind, I do not know what you mean"—on the way to the station he said, "Don't hold me so tight; I
<hi rend="italic">got none</hi> on me"—I searched him and found two separate shillings, a sixpence, and 3d. in bronze, all good money.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-71" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-71" type="surname" value="DONNYMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-71" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE DONNYMAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Sergeant P.</hi>) I was in charge of the Camberwell station on May 20th when the prisoner was brought in—the other witnesses stated their evidence, Brown saying that the prisoner had passed a counterfeit shilling in his house; that he had then followed him</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190505290014"/>
<p>along to the Stirling Castle, and had seen him pass another counterfeit shilling—the prisoner said, "What is the meaning of it? I do not under
<lb/>stand "—I explained to him the charge and he said, "I do not know where the Walmer Castle is, to commence with"—I entered the charges, And read them over to him, when he said, "I do not know anything about it. Where is the Stirling Castle?"</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You gave a correct address.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. The Stirling Castle and the Walmer Castle are a little over a quarter of a mile apart—he did not know either of them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-72" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-72" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-72" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-72" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Coin at His Majesty's Mint—I have examined these two shillings, one in four pieces and the other in three pieces, and I find them both counterfeit; they are from the same mould—I have seen fifty coins got from the same mould, but it depends upon the skill of the maker; a bad maker could not make so many—I do not think you could get a thousand from the same mould.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence, said that on leaving his brother, with whom he had some drinks, he went into the Walmer Castle; that he did not know that the shilling he tendered there was a bad one; that he did not meet two men outside afterwards, nor exchange coins with them; that he did not go to the Stirling Castle, and that Miss Lawrence said when he was put up for identification "I cannot recognise anyone here. There are two men alike; I must see</hi> Mr. Brown first."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19050529-449-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-449-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-449-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Four previous convictions were proved against him.</hi>
<rs id="t19050529-449-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-449-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-449-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-449-19050529 t19050529-449-punishment-15"/>
<hi rend="italic">Fifteen months' hard labour.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050529-450">
<interp inst="t19050529-450" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050529"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-450" type="date" value="19050529"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050529-450-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-450-19050529 t19050529-450-offence-1 t19050529-450-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050529-450-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-450-19050529 t19050529-450-offence-1 t19050529-450-verdict-2"/>
<p>450.
<persName id="def1-450-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-450-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-450-19050529" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-450-19050529" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="def1-450-19050529" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM TAYLOR</hi> (38)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-450-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-450-19050529" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-450-19050529" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def2-450-19050529" type="surname" value="LEA"/>
<interp inst="def2-450-19050529" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY ANN LEA</hi> (34)</persName>
<rs id="t19050529-450-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-450-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-450-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Feloniously possessing counterfeit coin, knowing it to be counterfeit, with intent to utter the same. </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">TAYLOR</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19050529-450-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-450-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-450-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PARTRIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-75" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-75" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-75" type="surname" value="WYLBURN"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-75" type="given" value="REBECCA"/>REBECCA WYLBURN</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Richard Wylburn, of 14, Homer Road, Victoria Park, where I let the first floor back room—on May 8th Lea came to look at the room, and later returned with Taylor—on May 13th they took possession of it—it is a furnished bed-sitting room—Taylor went out in the morning end came home in the evening, and Lea went out shopping—nobody else had access to the room, of which they had a key—they were there from the Saturday till the following Friday, when the police came—I pointed the room out to them—Taylor was out all day as a rule, and they were both at home during the evening.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. They waited on themselves.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-76" type="surname" value="HANDLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-76" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT HANDLEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Sergeant J.</hi>) I have had Taylor under observation for a few days—a little after 5 p.m. on May 18th I saw him in Homer Road, and on the day after, Friday, shortly before 11 a.m., I saw him leave 14, Homer Road—I stopped him and had some conversation with him—I searched him and found in one of his pockets fifteen counterfeit florins with a layer of tissue paper between each of them, and also £2 10s. in gold, and 8s. in silver, good money—I had followed him walking about in various places on previous days—I went with two other officers to 14,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190505290015"/>
<p>Homer Road on the same day, where 1 was shown the first floor back room—I there saw Lea and told her we were police officers, and asked her her name—she said, "Mrs. Corbett; my husband has just gone out"—I said, "We have arrested a man who gave the name of William Taylor, and who, I have reason to believe, has been living here with you"—she said, "That is quite right. I am not married. I have been living here about a week with him"—I told her that Taylor had been arrested for being in possession of counterfeit coin, and I had reason to believe that instruments for manufacturing coin would be found in the room, and that a search would be made—she said, "I know nothing about it"—the other officers and myself made a search, and between the mattress and the bed I found these twenty-eight counterfeit florins (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) wrapped in this piece of stocking (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>)—I showed them to Lea and she said, "I knew they were there, but when he went out he told me not to touch anything that was under the bed"—I left, leaving her with the other two officers.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Taylor was released from penal servitude on April 15th—I have never seen Lea before—on none of the days that I followed Taylor or
<hi rend="italic">knocked</hi> up against him casually did I see Lea with him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-77" type="surname" value="LEE"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-77" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES LEE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective J.</hi>) I helped to search the room—in a cupboard I found a piece of whiting, a saucer containing silversand and five pieces of rag; on the top of the cupboard a packet containing silversand; in a drawer of a small table three pieces of copper wire, one iron spoon with metal in it, one file, lamp black, tissue paper, five part packets of cigarettes, and between the mattress and overlay a packet of potassium cyanide—underneath the bed these two brushes (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) were found, which have been used for polishing purposes as is shown by the silversand on them—I called Lea's attention to the articles and she said, "They are his things. I know nothing about it. Once he asked me to get a packet of silversand for him"—I told her she would be taken into custody—on the way to the station she said. "I am sorry I did not tell you the truth at first. I met him about a week ago, and we agreed to live together. We have lived at Homer Road for a week. I only came from Liverpool about three weeks ago—she was afterwards charged, and made no reply.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-78" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-78" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-78" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Coin at His Majesty's Mint—these are forty-three counterfeit coins altogether—fifteen of them are finished ready for uttering, and the remaining twenty-eight, those found under the bed, are all unfinished; they have not yet received the silver deposit—they are all from the same mould—this is a spoon with some molten metal—the potassium cyanide is used for battery purposes—the tile is used for filing the edges of the coin when it is taken off the get—the copper wire is, of course, the negative element in a battery—all these articles are part of the stock-in-trade of a coiner.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There is not a single mould—I have not seen any plaster of Paris—moulds are always made of plaster of Paris—there are several other things necessary for making counterfeit money missing.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t19050529-450-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-450-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-450-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi> </rs>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">TAYLOR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony at this</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190505290016"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Court on March</hi> 12
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1900.
<hi rend="italic">Three previous convictions were proved against him—
<rs id="t19050529-450-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-450-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-450-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-450-19050529 t19050529-450-punishment-16"/>Five years' penal servitude.</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LEA</hi>
<rs id="t19050529-450-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-450-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-450-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-450-19050529 t19050529-450-punishment-17"/>
<hi rend="italic">Discharged on her own recognisances.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050529-451">
<interp inst="t19050529-451" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050529"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-451" type="date" value="19050529"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050529-451-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-451-19050529 t19050529-451-offence-1 t19050529-451-verdict-1"/>
<p>451.
<persName id="def1-451-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-451-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-451-19050529" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-451-19050529" type="surname" value="MEAD"/>
<interp inst="def1-451-19050529" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH MEAD</hi> (27)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19050529-451-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-451-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-451-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t19050529-451-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-451-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-451-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>to feloniously altering and uttering certain receipts for goods, with intent to defraud;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to obtaining from
<persName id="t19050529-name-80" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-80" type="surname" value="CARLTON"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-80" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050529-451-offence-1 t19050529-name-80"/>Joseph Carlton</persName> £1 10s. by means of a certain forged and altered instrument with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">He received a good character.</hi>
<rs id="t19050529-451-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-451-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-451-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-451-19050529 t19050529-451-punishment-18"/>
<hi rend="italic">Six months' hard labour.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, May</hi> 30
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1905.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Grantham.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050529-452">
<interp inst="t19050529-452" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050529"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-452" type="date" value="19050529"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050529-452-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-452-19050529 t19050529-452-offence-1 t19050529-452-verdict-1"/>
<p>452.
<persName id="def1-452-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-452-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-452-19050529" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-452-19050529" type="surname" value="SPENCE"/>
<interp inst="def1-452-19050529" type="given" value="MARCUS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARCUS SPENCE</hi> (29)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19050529-452-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-452-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-452-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t19050529-452-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-452-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-452-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="extortion"/>to three indictments for feloniously sending three letters to
<persName id="t19050529-name-82" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-82" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-82" type="surname" value="AYERS"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-82" type="given" value="WILLIAM GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050529-452-offence-1 t19050529-name-82"/>William George Ayers</persName>, demanding money with menaces, he well knowing the contents thereof. </rs>
<rs id="t19050529-452-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-452-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-452-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-452-19050529 t19050529-452-punishment-19"/>
<hi rend="italic">Discharged on his own recognisances.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050529-453">
<interp inst="t19050529-453" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050529"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-453" type="date" value="19050529"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050529-453-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-453-19050529 t19050529-453-offence-1 t19050529-453-verdict-1"/>
<p>453.
<persName id="def1-453-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-453-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-453-19050529" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-453-19050529" type="surname" value="RICE"/>
<interp inst="def1-453-19050529" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES RICE</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t19050529-453-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-453-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-453-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>, Indicted for, and charged on the Coroner's inquisition with the manslaughter of
<persName id="t19050529-name-84" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-84" type="surname" value="TOMLIN"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-84" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050529-453-offence-1 t19050529-name-84"/>Robert Tomlin</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MATHEWS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. OLIVER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BOWEN DAVIES</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-85" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-85" type="surname" value="ENDEAN"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-85" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE ENDEAN</persName> </hi> (12
<hi rend="italic">T.) Produced and proved a plan of the neighbour
<lb/>hood of Greyhound Road, Fulham.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-86" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-86" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-86" type="surname" value="KIRBY"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-86" type="given" value="IVY"/>IVY KIRBY</persName> </hi>. I live at 48, Garvan Road, Fulham, and am a servant—I was engaged to be married to the deceased—on Saturday, April 1st, he called for me at my house between 8.10 and 8.30 p.m.—between 8.30 and 9p.m. I went out with him, and we walked towards the top of Field Road—we stopped at the Queen's Arms, at the corner of Field Road, for fifteen min
<lb/>utes and then walked towards Fulham Palace Road, along Greyhound Road—we were walking arm in arm on the right-hand side of the road—I noticed a barrel organ playing, and we stopped and listened to it for about twenty minutes—we then passed on in the same direction past the laundry shops in Greyhound Road—I know the railings on the right hand side of the road opposite the laundry shops—as we came along towards the railings, I saw two men coming in the opposite direction; one of them appeared to be drunk, and was rolling about—the other man was walking with him, but had not got hold of him then—I was walking next the railings—as we met them the drunken man rolled up against deceased, and pushed me into the railings—the deceased said, "Mind where you are going"—the drunken man said, "I will soon show you where I am going," and he got hold of the deceased, and pushed him into the road—he caught hold of him by his shoulders; they were facing each other—the deceased went back two or three steps, and fell on the back of his head in the road—the drunken man fell on top of the deceased, and, while in that position, punched him two or three times in his side—then he got up and kicked him on the head or neck while the deceased was still lying down—the second man</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190505290017"/>
<p>was standing on the pavement, and after the deceased had been kicked the drunken man walked away, and the other man took hold of him—they went away together towards the Prince of Wales, which was the direction they were going when we met them—only two of the shops were open at this time: a paper shop, and a barber's shop—the drunken man was the prisoner; I had never seen him before—he had on a dark cap, dark tie, turn-down collar, a square-cut dark coat and dark trousers—he had black round his eye, and the eye itself was red and bloodshot—he had heavy boots on—the second man had a bowler hat, an overcoat and light trousers—on April 2nd I saw a number of men at the police station, and picked out the prisoner—after the deceased fell down he did not move—I went to him, but he did not speak, and I sent a boy for assistance—the police came and took him away on an ambulance—he was quite sober.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am quite sure we left the Queen's Arms about 9.15—I saw the time by a clock in a chemist's about three minutes from the Queen's Arms—it was after that that we heard the barrel organ in the Greyhound Road—the men were about fifteen or twenty yards away when I first saw them—I did not take particular notice of them then, only that they were rolling about, and we went in against the railings to get away from them—when the prisoner rolled up against the deceased I do not think he did it on purpose; I think it was the result of the condition he was in—I am quite sure the other man wore a bowler hat, and that his trousers were light—I know now that the prisoner lives in the same road as I do, but as far as I know I had not seen him before—it was rather dark in the road—I was not frightened when the prisoner caught hold of the deceased by the shoulders; I was when he was hitting him—when he was in the road I moved back, and did not go back to the deceased until the men had started to go away again—I saw the man's face who pushed the deceased down, I knew he was the same cut of man as the prisoner, but I could not exactly recognise his features—I did not see the other man face to face—he was facing me, but I did not look at him—after the deceased had been taken away I went to the police station with his mother—his sister also came to the door, but she stopped outside—a boy named Watson was not with us when we were going—before we got to the station I did not hear anybody say, "Jimmy Rice
<hi rend="italic">done</hi> that"—we stopped at the station with the deceased until he went to the infirmary—detective Hood first spoke to me about this about 12 o'clock that night; I do not remember who spoke to me first; there were two detectives there—I went with Hood to the prisoner's house—I had been out with Watson before that—Watson said he thought it was Jimmy Rice who had knocked the deceased down—that was the first I heard of Rice—when Hood and I went and knocked at the deceased's door two of his sisters answered it—Hood asked if their brother Jimmy lived there, and they said he was not in—Hood said he was a friend of his come to see him, and that he had been in the Army with him—he did not then say anything about a man having been knocked down—there was no conversation as to how the prisoner was dressed—Hood did not ask the sisters whether their brother wore a bowler hat; I did not hear any
<lb/>body ask them that—I was not present when Bedford went; I was talking</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190505290018"/>
<p>to Hood about fifteen yards away—I did not know that Bedford was going to ask for the prisoner again—I did not knock at the door at all—I called at the house once—I heard the sisters tell Hood that their brother had a black eye—nobody told me that he had a black eye; I saw it for myself—I heard next day that Tomlin, the deceased's brother, had given the prisoner the black eye—when I identified the prisoner there was no other man with a black eye, but I picked him out by his clothes as well—his collar was not clean—I had seen his boots when he picked up his foot to kick the deceased; I was about five yards away then—they were not particularly heavy boots, nor very light—I did not notice any nails in them—the man who knocked the deceased down looked tidy; he did not look clean, but looked as if he was a respectable workman out for a Saturday night—the other man looked like a workman and looked tidy—when they went away I looked after them—there was a woman going along with them with a green coat on and I left them to her.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> When I stepped back it was only for about five yards—I saw the woman in a green coat—I have seen her since; her name is Mrs. Dowden—when I went back to the deceased I had seen Mrs. Dowden—I went back to him directly the man left, and directly the other man had got hold of the prisoner—I first noticed the prisoner's face when he was coming towards me; there was a lamp at the corner of the road which shone on his face—it was then that I saw his black eye—I went with the ambulance to the police station; I did not go to the infirmary—I did not give any information to the police that night; I did next morning—about midnight I saw detectives Bedford and Hood at the station—I did not give them any description then; I had not made any statement to them at the time I went to Garvan Road—I had spoken to them—when I got to the police station with the ambulance I think I stayed there about thirty minutes—I remained until I went to 20, Garvan Road, with the officers—I think we got there about midnight—it was next day that I saw the prisoner at the station in the morning amongst a number of other people—I recognised him and pointed him out; I have no doubt at all that he is the man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>. It was his right eye which was black.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. It was light enough for me to see that the eye itself was bloodshot—the deceased was about 5 feet 3 inches tall.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-87" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-87" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-87" type="surname" value="LESTER"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-87" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER LESTER</persName> </hi>. I am thirteen years, old and live with my parents at 5, Field Road, Fulham—on Saturday, April 1st, between 9.30 and 10 p.m., I was in Greyhound Road—I knew the deceased and Kirby; I saw them there—I know the railings outside the shops; they were near the railings when I saw them—I saw two men; I did not notice their condition—I saw them cross the road and knock up against the deceased, and knock him into the road, and one kicked him—I did not see if anything happened to Kirby—the deceased fell on his back—it was the prisoner who kicked him, but I do not know which of the two knocked him into the road—they ran round to the baker's—the prisoner kicked the deceased when he was in the road—I did not know him before by name; I knew his face—I saw him one Saturday night in the neighbourhood—the man who</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190505290019"/>
<p>kicked the deceased was dressed in cord trousers, heavy boots, and a, blue serge cap—both the men went round to the Prince of Wales which is near a baker's shop—I waited until the deceased was taken away on an ambulance, and on Sunday I went to the Fulham police station about 3.30 p.m.—I saw a number of men standing there in a row and picked out the prisoner; I noticed he had a black eye.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was out on an errand for my mother—I was just by Geissler's grocer's shop—I saw the men coming from Crefeld Road—they met the deceased and Kirby almost directly they came to the pavement—I know one of the men had a long coat on and the other one a short coat—the other man had a hard bowler hat—Kirby and the deceased were coming from the Prince of Wales and the two men were coming towards them—I did not see anybody fall on the deceased; he fell in the road by himself—I did not see any blow in his face—I did not see what made the deceased fall into the road—when I got home I told my mother that the deceased had been kicked by the prisoner—somebody in the road had said the prisoner had done it, about fifteen minutes after it had happened—my mother said she knew Jimmy Rice—I did not see the prisoner's face when we were in the road; he was coming behind me, I believe—when the man knocked up against the deceased I walked up to see what was the matter—I must have passed them because they went round Margravine Road—I did not see them come round Margravine Road; somebody in the road told me that they had—nobody told me that the prisoner had a black eye; I did not see that he had a black eye until the Sunday morning—I did not tell my mother what kind of a man it was I had seen do this—she did not tell me it was Jimmy Rice who had done it—I was shown a plan at the station and asked to show where I was standing—I do not know how long before this night it was that I had seen the prisoner—there were a lot of people in the road when it happened, and they came while the struggle was going on—I did not see anybody trying to stop the two men from going away—I went away to see how the deceased was getting on—I did not go to the station with him—I went on my errand—everybody was talking about it; it was then that I heard somebody say it was Jimmy Rice.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I had moved away when I heard somebody say it was Jimmy Rice—the men had gone by that time—it was a man who said it was Jimmy Rice.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-88" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-88" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-88" type="surname" value="DOWDEN"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-88" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>ELLEN DOWDEN</persName> </hi>. I am a widow, and live at 14, Chelmsford Street, Fulham—on April 1st, I think about 9.20 p.m., I went to the Pear Tree in Margravine Road—I stayed there ten or fifteen minutes—there were a lot more in there—I knew the prisoner, but not to speak to—I saw him in the public-house that night with two other men, one named Curl, but I did not know his name until about ten minutes afterward; the other one was Watson—they were all drinking together; they drank up their glasses of beer and went out about five minutes before I did—I left and went home, and left again in about ten minutes—I was going to Clif
<lb/>ford's, a greengrocer's in Greyhound Road—I know the railings opposite the laundries—Clifford's is on the same side of the road—I went to</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190505290020"/>
<p>Clifford's and was returning towards the Prince of Wales on the foot-path by the railings, and I saw three men coming down the road—two of them were struggling—I thought they were playing at wrestling—I saw two of them fall on the kerb—they got up and I cannot say which of them threw the deceased into the roadway—I cannot say how he was held—he fell very heavily upon his head and the other man kicked him—I saw the kick—I called out, "You dirty brute, you have kicked the man; hit him while he is up, not while he is down"—the third man who was standing by came to me, and said "Don't say anything,
<hi rend="italic">Missus</hi>; the other one kicked him first"—I said, "He did not"—the two men walked towards the Prince of Wales—the deceased was still lying on the ground, and, as far as I could see, did not move—I followed the men as they went in the direction of the Prince of Wales—I said I would give them in charge—the men who had kicked the de
<lb/>ceased made use of a filthy expression, and said he would kick me too—I continued to follow, and he was going to break away to strike me, but the other one held him tight—he tried twice to break away to strike me—I was alarmed, and thought it wise to go into Geissler's shop, and I left them to go on their way—the last I saw of them was when they were going in the direction of the Prince of Wales—when the deceased was kicked as he lay in the road I heard a woman scream just after the kicking had taken place, but I did not see anybody there whom I could recognise—I had seen Curl, Watson and the prisoner together on Sunday, March 26th, in the Pear Tree—I noticed that the prisoner had a very bad black eye; that is the reason I noticed him—when I saw him in the Pear Tree on April 1st he still had it; it was even blacker—he looked to me as if he had come home from work.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I first saw the prisoner and the other men at the Pear Tree on April 1st—I cannot say if the prisoner had anything in his hand—I heard him go and ask someone for a can for some beer, but who it was I cannot say—I noticed them all leave together—I did not notice if the prisoner took anything with him, I am not sure what time it was—when I was coming down Greyhound Road I saw this disturbance—I did not pass the men while they were struggling; I did not pass them at all—after the kicking one of them came and spoke to me and I saw his face—it was not Watson; I know him—it was not either of the men who were with the prisoner in the Pear Tree that night—I was not able to recognise the prisoner's face when the man struck at me; he had blood on his lip—next day I was taken to the station to identify the man who had kicked the deceased, but I was not able to do so—I saw the prisoner there—he did not seem to be like the man I had seen—when I saw him in the Pear Tree that evening I thought his clothes looked like working clothes, but I cannot tell you the colour—the clothes of the man who kicked the deceased looked clean and respectable, and he had hobnail boots—they looked heavy—when I saw the prisoner at the station next day I did not notice any mark on his mouth—I did not know his voice; I was not in his company—he was only in the same compartment—the man who spoke to me had on a long overcoat, a bowler hat and a white wrap round the inside of</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190505290021"/>
<p>his coat—I am quite sure about the bowler hat; I did not notice the colour of his trousers—I cannot say if the prisoner has on now the same clothes that he had on in the public-house.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I thought on the Saturday night that if I had seen the man who had kicked the deceased I could have recognised him—I saw his features when he made the second strike at me, but not at the time he was committing the assault on the deceased—I did not notice if it was dark, I was too excited—I did not see more than two people at the spot except the deceased man—I followed the two men as they were going away—they were walking in front of me on the kerb—I saw their faces when one of them came to me, and the second one I saw when he made the second blow at me—his companion got hold of him by his neck and he tried to twist away to hit me—that is the only opportunity I had of seeing his face—it was then that I saw the streak of blood—I did not notice if either of them had a black eye then.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-89" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-89" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-89" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-89" type="given" value="ALFRED PHILIP"/>ALFRED PHILIP SMITH</persName> </hi>. I live at 127, Greyhound Road, opposite Crefeld Road—on Saturday, April 1st, about 9.30, I was at the corner of Bayonne Road and Greyhound Road—I saw the deceased, whom I knew before, and a young woman walking along Greyhound Road, and a couple of men coming in the opposite direction—near Geissler's shop I
<hi rend="italic">see</hi> one of the men come up to the deceased and push him—he fell in the roadway, and then I
<hi rend="italic">see</hi> the man go to him and raise his foot three or four times in the action of kicking—it seemed as though the man caught hold of the deceased's two shoulders and pushed him into the road—it was while he was lying in the road that I saw the man's foot
<hi rend="italic">go</hi> three or four times—I did not see the deceased move after he fell down—I know now the man who kicked him—I had not seen him before that night—I noticed he had a bloodshot eye with black marks round it—on April 11th I saw a number of men in a row at the station and picked out the prisoner as the man who had kicked the deceased—after the man had done the kicking he and the other man walked towards Geissler's store and towards the Prince of Wales, and disappeared.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was at the Police Court and the Coroner's Court—the prisoner had not got a black eye when I picked him put, he had a blood
<lb/>shot eye—there was no other man there who had a black eye—it was the prisoner's right eye—there was about a foot between the prisoner and the other man who was nearest me—to see the prisoner's black eye I should have to look through the other man who was standing between us—the nearest lamp was about thirty feet away—the prisoner was dressed in a kind of dark tweed coat and waistcoat of a kind of greenish colour—when the sergeant came to my house I told him he had a light grey suit on by mistake—I did not tell him he had a dark cap on—I first thought of that at the West London Police Court—I saw the policeman come to the deceased—I did not go and say a word to the policeman—when I saw the deceased in the road it did not strike me that he was hurt—I did not hear any crash—I did not go over to the policeman, because I was waiting to see somebody—it did not strike me that something serious had happened—it is not usual for men to be thrown down in the street and be kicked</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190505290022"/>
<p>and a policeman to go to them—I did not think it was right to go and see if the man was hurt—I did not notice how the other man was dressed; all I know is that he had an overcoat on and a bowler hat—I did not tell the police that, and they did not tell me that he had a bowler hat on—I did not hear the witnesses at the Court say that he had a bowler hat on—nobody ever said to me, "There is Rice and Watson going for Tomlin," but I heard somebody say that to another man; I do not know who the man was—the deceased was then on the ground—I did not tell the policeman that, because I did not want to have anything to do with it—I did not know the prisoner or Watson before—I did not see the man who threw the deceased down fall on top of him—if he had fallen I must have seen it—the two men I saw walking along opposite me were respectably dressed—the clothes the prisoner had on appeared to be working ones—the other man had an overcoat on and a clean collar; he looked clean—the first time I talked about this was eight days afterwards—I had not paid a word to anybody during that time—I was asked to give a statement, and then told Sergeant Bedford that the man was wearing light clothes—the state
<lb/>ment was read over to me and Bedford asked me if it was correct.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I corrected my statement about the light suit at the West London Police Court—I do not know how I came to describe it as a light suit—I did not know the prisoner or Watson before—I had known the deceased for about six years—I also knew Frederick and Frederick Robert Tomlin—I do not know who made the statement as to the pri
<lb/>soner and Watson being at Tomlin again—I did not notice a little boy there at the time.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-90" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-90" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-90" type="surname" value="CHUDLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-90" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN CHUDLEY</persName> </hi> (320
<hi rend="italic">T.</hi>) On April 1st I was on duty about 10.30 p.m. in Greyhound Road—I saw a crowd, and on going towards it saw the deceased lying on his back in the road unconscious—I saw Kirby there—I assisted in taking the deceased to the police station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Another officer was with me—Kirby did not point out the way the men had gone—the other officer went after them in con
<lb/>sequence of information from a boy—this road is on my beat—it is not very busy on Saturday night—it is a fairly rough neighbourhood—it was not Watson who gave us the information—the boy gave his name to the other constable.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-91" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-91" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-91" type="surname" value="TOWNSEND"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-91" type="given" value="MILTON"/>MILTON TOWNSEND</persName> </hi>.—I am a medical practitioner, of 184, Hammersmith Road—I went to the police station and saw the deceased, who was then suffering from a fracture of the base of the skull—he was in a dying condi
<lb/>tion, and I sent him to the Fulham Infirmary.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There were no external marks—if he had been kicked about the skull with heavy hobnail boots I should have to know what part of the boot kicked him before I could say whether I should expect to see any marks.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-92" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-92" type="surname" value="JENKINS"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-92" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN JENKINS</persName> </hi>. I am a registered medical practitioner, and assistant medical superintendent to the Fulham Infirmary—about 10.50 p.m. on April 1st the deceased was brought in in a comatose condition, and blood was issuing from his nostrils—I made a careful examination of him after he had been undressed in the ward—there was no evidence of external</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190505290023"/>
<p>injury, and he remained in the same condition until he died about 12.50 that morning—on Monday, April 3rd, I made a
<hi rend="italic">post-mortem</hi> examination—I found no external signs of injury, but on removing the brain I found an extensive fracture at the base of the skull—that would hardly be con
<lb/>sistent with a fall on the back of the head—the fracture extended to the hole in the bottom of the skull through which the spinal cord enters, and it radiated from there—it was consistent with a fall on to the top or side of the head or with a kick by a boot—I cannot say if I should expect to find marks of violence upon the head if the fracture had been caused by a lack from a boot—if it was a sharp pointed tipped boot it might have given the injury; the side of the boot would not have given it—it could have been very severe without leaving any mark—the force must have been violent to cause such an extensive injury—the force could be violent without showing any outward sign, such as a man falling from a height into a bale of wool, or falling on his feet on to a soft mass—if the deceased had been thrown very violently into the roadway, this extensive fracture might have been caused then, and there might have been a mark left—I do not think you could throw anybody into the road with all your might without marking his head—if the deceased wore a cap he might fall with
<lb/>out showing any signs.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-93" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-93" type="surname" value="KIRBY"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-93" type="given" value="IVY"/>IVY KIRBY</persName> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). The deceased's cap was off when he was lying in the road, and was two or three feet away when he was kicked.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-94" type="surname" value="JENKINS"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-94" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN JENKINS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I have formed the opinion that the injury was due to some violence directed to the top of the skull—a kick at the top of the skull might have done it—I do not think a kick with the aide of a boot would necessarily leave any mark, but I cannot state it as a fact—I have never heard of a man kicking anything with the side of his boot—a sudden jar or jerk would, I think, cause the injury—a sudden jar may have injured the inside of the head, and not the outside.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Assuming a man of the prisoner's height was kicking a man on the ground on the head, or on the side of the neck, I should expect to find bruises—it would not be possible for a man to lock another on the head without doing so, unless he kicked him with the side of his boot, but I cannot say if the force would be sufficient then to break his skull.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-95" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-95" type="surname" value="HAMMANT"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-95" type="given" value="LEONARD"/>LEONARD HAMMANT</persName> </hi> (701
<hi rend="italic">T.</hi>) On Sunday, April 2nd, at 3.45 a.m., I saw the prisoner in Garvan Road—I cautioned him, and said I should take him into custody for assaulting a man named Tomlin, who had since died—he replied, "You have made a mistake this time; I know nothing about it. I can prove where I have been since about 7.30 p.m., and I have not been out since. I was with Bill Watson at 49, Chelmsford Street, all that time until now. I thought there was something wrong when I saw you here"—at the station he said, "I went home about 6.45 and gave my sister Ethel my money and left again, and got to Watsons' about 7.30 p.m. As to Tomlin, I thought it was him that set Tomlin on to me, and he gave me a black eye last Saturday week"—at the station Tomlin's name had been mentioned as Tomlin, not Robert Tomlin—I do not know the christian name—later that morning the prisoner said, "I did go out for a pint of beer in a bottle. I went to the Pear Tree I do not know</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190505290024"/>
<p>what time it was?"—he was then taken to the charge room, where a man named Watson was detained, and the prisoner said, "Are you detained here too?"—he then turned to me and said, "He has nothing to do with it"—when charged he said, "I am innocent, and know nothing of it"—he was dressed in a darkish mixture trousers and vest, black boots, and dark coloured tie, and a collar attached.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I do not know where the collar and tie are now—the prisoner at once told me where he had been the night before—there are several other Tomlins; one had given the prisoner a black eye, and one had knocked him over the head with a bottle—a lad named Watson told me that the prisoner had done this—he came to the station door and said, "I know who
<hi rend="italic">done</hi> it; it was Jim Rice that kicked him"—I believe Watson was called in to identify the prisoner, but I was not there—I cannot say that, although Watson said it was Jim Rice and described him, he could not pick him out when he was called in.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-96" type="surname" value="BEDFORD"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-96" type="given" value="ISRAEL"/>ISRAEL BEDFORD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective-Sergeant T.</hi>) About 4.30 a.m. on April 2nd a man named William Watson was arrested at 49, Chelmsford Street, and brought to the station—Kirby and Lester saw him amongst others, but were unable to pick him out, and he was liberated—the same two witnesses saw the prisoner amongst a number of others, and picked him out—I was present when he was charged with murder by Collins—he said "I am innocent; I do not know that man at all. I think it was the green
<lb/>grocer's son. I never touched the man"—I was present on April 11th when Smith picked him out from eleven other men.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The other people who did not identify the prisoner were Dowden, Frank Watson, and a boy named Groom or Broom—I did not have a conversation with Watson as to the man who had done this—Watson did not tell me that the man who had done it was a thin man, and dressed in a blue serge suit—he told me it was Rice who did it, but he did not say anything about the boots—after the prisoner was arrested he was placed with other men, and the inspector took young Watson in—the prisoner was the only man who had a black eye, and yet Watson was unable to pick him out, he did not even know his own brother—Hood and Kirby and I called at the prisoner's house, but not together—Hood and I called about 12 o'clock; Kirby was not with us—Hood and Kirby went before I called, and I called afterwards by myself—I saw the two sisters—Kirby and Hood were then in the road about fifty yards off—I did not ask the prisoner's sister if the prisoner was wearing a bowler hat that night—I did not ask her if she would describe her brother to me; if she said I did, it would be wrong—neither of the sisters described their brother—she did not say he had a black eye, and I did not ask her—I was present at the Police Court when she swore that she had told me he had a black eye—they did not tell me that Tomlin had given him a black eye the week before, nor that another Tomlin had struck her brother over the head with a bottle—she asked me if I had come to see about a man who had been assaulted in Greyhound Road—I did not tell her I was a police officer, nor the name of the man—she said she had heard about an assault, but she did not mention the name—Hood had already called upon her to see if</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190505290025"/>
<p>her brother was at home—I saw the sisters a lot of times, and spoke to them twice—I did not go to Watson's that night; I went there on Sunday morning with Inspector Collins—I did not ask Mrs. Watson to make a statement—she made a statement to Collins—I did not say I had another independent witness—I went to the Watson's on April 3rd to get a state
<lb/>ment signed which Mrs. Watson had made to Collins—I read the state
<lb/>ment to her; she did not complain that the statement was incorrect—she swore at the Police Court that she told me that statement was incorrect, but I had another officer with me when it was signed, and she then said it was all right—I did not tell her that I would rectify the statement before the Magistrate.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I was at the police station when the deceased was brought in about 10.30 p.m.—at that time I did not get any description of the man who was supposed to have caused the injury, but Hammant came in and said, "Here is a boy, sergeant, who saw it," and the boy said, "It is Jim Rice who did it"—I did not know Rice then, but Hammant did, and I got him to go out with me in plain clothes to assist me—he knewwhom to look for, and no description was necessary—we went straight to the prisoner's house, and saw the two sisters to ascertain if he was at home—if he had been at home I should have arrested him—I left the officers to wait until he came home, when he was arrested—Watson is ten or eleven years old, I think—he did not recognise the prisoner and said he did not know his own brother—the prisoner and Watson were standing in a row at the time.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-97" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-97" type="surname" value="TOMLIN"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-97" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK TOMLIN</persName> </hi>. I live at 10, Chelmsford Street, and work at my mother's, who is a greengrocer at 86, Greyhound Road, which is at the corner of Bayonne Road—the deceased was a distant relative of mine and was just like me—he wore a very light moustache—he was the same as I am in height, size and everything—I know the prisoner well enough—I have had two little fights with him—I hit him on the head with a claret bottle once before Christmas—we were sober—it was outside a public-house—we got on pretty well after that—about a week before the death, we had a bit of a bother, but it did not come to anything because I walked away—the prisoner walked into me as I was having a drink—he asked me if I put Fred Tomlin on to him—I said, "No, I do not want to know anything about you or Fred Tomlin"—that is the Tomlin who lives at Barnes—I live at Fulham—the prisoner asked me if I put the Barnes Tomlin on to him—I had not put the Barnes Tomlin on to the prisoner—on the night this happened I came up and saw Robert Tomlin in the road, and I got hold of him and told him to go to the station quietly—I did not see the prisoner that night.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prisoner summoned me for our little difference—when we met outside the West London Police Court we agreed to drop it and shook hands—we did not turn up for the summons, and we have been pretty good friends since, until he asked me if I had put the other Tomlin on to him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-98" type="surname" value="TOMLIN"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-98" type="given" value="FREDERICK ROBERT"/>FREDERICK ROBERT TOMLIN</persName> </hi>. I live at Barnes and know the prisoner—on April 1st I saw him in the Devonshire Arms, Hammersmith—I noticed</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190505290026"/>
<p>nothing about his appearance—about a week before the tragedy I had met him—he brought on a drunken squabble which ended in a fight—I struck him in the eye—I should think the force of the blow would give him a black eye—I struck him twice.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He retaliated—on April 1st we were in the Devonshire Arms—he did not seem to bear any ill feeling—the other quarrel was just an ordinary one which we have among ourselves when we get a bit
<hi rend="italic">boozed.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence on oath, said that on April</hi> 1
<hi rend="italic">st he got home from work about</hi> 7
<hi rend="italic">p. m.; that he did not change his clothes, as he had no others; that he went straight to the Watsons' house at</hi> 49,
<hi rend="italic">Chelmsford Street; that he went to the Pear Tree about</hi> 7.45,
<hi rend="italic">and bought half a pint of stout and a pint of ale and took it book to the Watsons' in a bottle, arriving about</hi> 8
<hi rend="italic">p.m.; that Mr. Watson and his wife, Mr. and Mrs. Curl, and himself all had some of the beer; that he and Watson and Curl then went to the Pear Tree and had a drink; that they returned to Watsons' about</hi> 8.45
<hi rend="italic">with some more beer; that he went to sleep and did not remember any more till he had some supper given to him by Mrs. Watson; that the others left the room and that he did not remember any more till he woke up in the Watsons' room about</hi> 3.30
<hi rend="italic">a.m.: that he did not go outside the house from the time he returned from the Pear Tree till Mrs. Watson gave him some supper, when she told him that a man had been killed in Carvan Road named Tomlin and that she had heard that he had done it; that he said, "I have been with Bill all night," and offered to go to the station, but that she said, "Don't go, as they will look you up for being drunk "; that when he had had supper he must have gone to sleep again; that when he woke up at</hi> 3
<hi rend="italic">a.m. he walked home and was then arrested.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">considered that the evidence was not sufficiently clear, and the Jury returned a verdict of</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19050529-453-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-453-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-453-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050529-454">
<interp inst="t19050529-454" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050529"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-454" type="date" value="19050529"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050529-454-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-454-19050529 t19050529-454-offence-1 t19050529-454-verdict-1"/>
<p>454.
<persName id="def1-454-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-454-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-454-19050529" type="surname" value="RICE"/>
<interp inst="def1-454-19050529" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES RICE</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t19050529-454-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-454-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-454-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/> was charged on the Coroner's inquisition with the wilful murder of
<persName id="t19050529-name-100" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-100" type="surname" value="TOMLIN"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-100" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050529-454-offence-1 t19050529-name-100"/>Robert Tomlin</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BODKIN</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution, offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19050529-454-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-454-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-454-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, May</hi> 30
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1905.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050529-455">
<interp inst="t19050529-455" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050529"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-455" type="date" value="19050529"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050529-455-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-455-19050529 t19050529-455-offence-1 t19050529-455-verdict-1"/>
<p>455.
<persName id="def1-455-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-455-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-455-19050529" type="age" value="45"/>
<interp inst="def1-455-19050529" type="surname" value="YOUNG"/>
<interp inst="def1-455-19050529" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES YOUNG</hi> (45)</persName>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19050529-455-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-455-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-455-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t19050529-455-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-455-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-455-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>to embezzling 15s. and 10s. 6d., the moneys of
<persName id="t19050529-name-102" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-102" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050529-455-offence-1 t19050529-name-102"/>Batey & Co., Limited</persName>;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to forging and uttering a receipt for goods to the value of £1 18s. 6d., their property; having been convicted of felony at Sunbury, Middlesex, on October 21st, 1895.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19050529-455-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-455-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-455-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-455-19050529 t19050529-455-punishment-20"/>Nine months' hard labour.</rs> </hi></p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050529-456">
<interp inst="t19050529-456" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050529"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-456" type="date" value="19050529"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050529-456-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-456-19050529 t19050529-456-offence-1 t19050529-456-verdict-1"/>
<p>(456.)
<persName id="def1-456-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-456-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-456-19050529" type="age" value="45"/>
<interp inst="def1-456-19050529" type="surname" value="GILSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-456-19050529" type="given" value="HENRY ARTHUR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY ARTHUR GILSON</hi> (45)</persName>
<rs id="t19050529-456-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-456-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-456-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, to, while being a director of
<persName id="t19050529-name-104" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-104" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050529-456-offence-1 t19050529-name-104"/>H. A. Gilson, Limited</persName>, omitting to make, or cause to be made full and proper entries, and to making false entries in the books of that company</rs>.
<hi rend="italic">He received an excellent character.</hi>
<rs id="t19050529-456-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-456-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-456-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-456-19050529 t19050529-456-punishment-21"/>
<hi rend="italic">Three months' imprisonment in the Second Division.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t19050529-456-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-456-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-456-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050529-457">
<interp inst="t19050529-457" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050529"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-457" type="date" value="19050529"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050529-457-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-457-19050529 t19050529-457-offence-1 t19050529-457-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190505290027"/>
<p>(457.)
<persName id="def1-457-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-457-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-457-19050529" type="age" value="50"/>
<interp inst="def1-457-19050529" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="def1-457-19050529" type="given" value="RICHARD EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARD EDWARD KING</hi> (50)</persName>
<rs id="t19050529-457-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-457-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-457-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, to obtaining from
<persName id="t19050529-name-106" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-106" type="surname" value="SILVERLOCK"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-106" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050529-457-offence-1 t19050529-name-106"/>Edward Silverlock</persName> 282 stereotyped plates; from
<persName id="t19050529-name-107" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-107" type="surname" value="BOWERS"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-107" type="given" value="ROBERT WOODGER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050529-457-offence-1 t19050529-name-107"/>Robert Woodger Bowers</persName> three gallons of ink and 5,000 copies of a book by false pretences with intent to defraud; and to obtaining credit from
<persName id="t19050529-name-108" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-108" type="surname" value="GEAR"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-108" type="given" value="JOHN LESTER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050529-457-offence-1 t19050529-name-108"/>John Lester Gear</persName> for £7 9s. under false pretences</rs>.
<rs id="t19050529-457-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-457-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-457-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-457-19050529 t19050529-457-punishment-22"/>
<hi rend="italic">Six months' imprison
<lb/>ment in the Second Division.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t19050529-457-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-457-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-457-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050529-458">
<interp inst="t19050529-458" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050529"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-458" type="date" value="19050529"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050529-458-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-458-19050529 t19050529-458-offence-1 t19050529-458-verdict-1"/>
<p>(458.)
<persName id="def1-458-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-458-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-458-19050529" type="age" value="69"/>
<interp inst="def1-458-19050529" type="surname" value="BUSKIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-458-19050529" type="given" value="HENRY MASON PLAISTO"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY MASON PLAISTO BUSKIN</hi> (69)</persName>
<rs id="t19050529-458-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-458-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-458-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bankrupcy"/>, to obtaining from
<persName id="t19050529-name-110" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-110" type="surname" value="VON SHULTZ"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-110" type="given" value="SAMUEL ERNEST GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050529-458-offence-1 t19050529-name-110"/>Samuel Ernest George Von Schultz</persName> trading as
<persName id="t19050529-name-111" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-111" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050529-458-offence-1 t19050529-name-111"/>Morris & Company</persName>, credit for £40, and a further credit of £40, from
<persName id="t19050529-name-112" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-112" type="surname" value="TODD"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-112" type="given" value="JOHN WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050529-458-offence-1 t19050529-name-112"/>John William Todd</persName> £41 5s., and from
<persName id="t19050529-name-113" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-113" type="surname" value="COVENTRY"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-113" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050529-458-offence-1 t19050529-name-113"/>Edward Coventry</persName> £209 7s. 6d., without informing them that he was an undischarged bankrupt. </rs>
<rs id="t19050529-458-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-458-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-458-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-458-19050529 t19050529-458-punishment-23"/>
<hi rend="italic">Dis
<lb/>charged on recognisances.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t19050529-458-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-458-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-458-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050529-459">
<interp inst="t19050529-459" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050529"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-459" type="date" value="19050529"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050529-459-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-459-19050529 t19050529-459-offence-1 t19050529-459-verdict-1"/>
<p>459.
<persName id="def1-459-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-459-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-459-19050529" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-459-19050529" type="surname" value="COOK"/>
<interp inst="def1-459-19050529" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED COOK</hi> (20)</persName>,
<rs id="t19050529-459-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-459-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-459-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assaultWithIntent"/> Attempting to carnally know
<persName id="t19050529-name-115" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-115" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-115" type="surname" value="WICKS"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-115" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050529-459-offence-1 t19050529-name-115"/>Annie Wicks</persName>, a girl under thirteen.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEWIS</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution, offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19050529-459-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-459-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-459-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>(
<hi rend="italic">See page</hi> 943).</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050529-460">
<interp inst="t19050529-460" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050529"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-460" type="date" value="19050529"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050529-460-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-460-19050529 t19050529-460-offence-1 t19050529-460-verdict-1"/>
<p>460.
<persName id="def1-460-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-460-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-460-19050529" type="age" value="45"/>
<interp inst="def1-460-19050529" type="surname" value="HOWARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-460-19050529" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM HOWARD</hi> (45)</persName>
<rs id="t19050529-460-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-460-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-460-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Fraudulently converting to his own use and benefit £6 10s. and £18 received by him on account of
<persName id="t19050529-name-117" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-117" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050529-460-offence-1 t19050529-name-117"/>F. Meyer's Sohn, Limited</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUGHES</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-118" type="surname" value="MCDOUGALL"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-118" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER MCDOUGALL</persName> </hi>. I am wharf clerk to F. Meyer's Sohn, Limited, of 17, Mincing Lane, sugarbrokers—we have been interested in the sale of a commodity called Moloweat, and appointed agents to canvass for orders—among the agents was the prisoner, who was appointed on March 17th, 1904—Moloweat is a mixture of molasses and other things for feeding horses and cattle—the terms were that the prisoner was to be paid 10 per cent, on all orders, subject to the receipt of the amounts of the invoice from his buyers—he was told never to collect money—the first agreement was verbal, but this is the prisoner's letter of March 19th, 1904 (
<hi rend="italic">Acknowledging receipt of agreement, and confirming the verbal agreement, and stating that the Moloweat was to be sold at £5 a ton net, and that the commission would be payable to the prisoner on the amounts when received</hi>]—he had no authority to collect moneys—he sent in thirty-eight orders from customers, amounting to £252—I received from Mr. Carter, a customer, £3 3s. 9d., upon which I sent the prisoner 6s. 4d. due to him for commission—altogether I think he has had £3 2s. 6d. on account of his commissions—he wrote asking for money for expenses, and I think he had £1 at that time—I made continuous applications to customers whose names he had sent to me—I got no payment—I commenced an action against Carter in the Mayor's Court—in the course of that action Carter produced a receipt signed by the prisoner for the amount I was suing him for, and I had to pay the costs—I made inquiries and ascertained that a similar sum had been collected from a Mr. Strickland—in consequence my solicitor swore an informa
<lb/>tion, and a warrant was granted by the Magistrate.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prisoner worked for our firm from March till October, 1904—in October he was soliciting orders for us in his district</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190505290028"/>
<p>of Hammersmith—we sued about twelve people besides Carter—we got judgments in our favour, but we could not get the money—when the prisoner wrote to the firm for commission we told him to see his buyers and to get the amount remitted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-119" type="surname" value="STRICKLAND"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-119" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE STRICKLAND</persName> </hi>. I am a contractor, of 10, Greenside Road, Shepherd's Bush—I ordered a ton of Moloweat cattle food from the prisoner at £6 10s.—on August 6th he called on me, and I paid him the £6 10s.—this is the receipt, signed in the name of Shepherd—I know him as Shepherd and Howard too.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-120" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-120" type="surname" value="CARTER"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-120" type="given" value="CHARLESSS"/>CHARLESSS CARTER</persName> </hi>. I reside at Alexandra Cottage, Alexandra Yard, West Kensington, and am a cabman—I ordered some Moloweat from the prisoner, one ton at first, and afterwards three tons more, which came to £18—on March 17th he called for payment—I paid him the £18 and he gave me this receipt, which I produced when I was summoned, and the action failed.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-121" type="surname" value="ALDRIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-121" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT ALDRIDGE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective T.</hi>) I arrested the prisoner on a warrant, which I read to him, and which charged him with misappropriating £6 10s. and £18—he said, "I am surprised; the firm owe me a consider
<lb/>able amount of money, and what I collected I had to pay myself, and I should do so now. I had to push trade, and pay the expenses. That will be my defence."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner withdrew his flea and stated in the hearing of the Jury that he was guilty.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19050529-460-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-460-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-460-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19050529-460-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-460-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-460-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-460-19050529 t19050529-460-punishment-24"/>Three months' imprisonment in the Second Division</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOURTH COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, May</hi> 30
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1905.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before J. A. Rentoul, Esq., K.C.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050529-461">
<interp inst="t19050529-461" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050529"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-461" type="date" value="19050529"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050529-461-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-461-19050529 t19050529-461-offence-1 t19050529-461-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050529-461-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-461-19050529 t19050529-461-offence-1 t19050529-461-verdict-2"/>
<p>461.
<persName id="def1-461-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-461-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-461-19050529" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-461-19050529" type="surname" value="BAROVITCH"/>
<interp inst="def1-461-19050529" type="given" value="JACOB"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JACOB BAROVITCH</hi> (29)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-461-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-461-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-461-19050529" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def2-461-19050529" type="surname" value="VOLSTEIN"/>
<interp inst="def2-461-19050529" type="given" value="MARK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARK VOLSTEIN</hi> (29)</persName>
<rs id="t19050529-461-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-461-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-461-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglary in the dwelling house of
<persName id="t19050529-name-124" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-124" type="surname" value="BLUMENTHAL"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-124" type="given" value="ABRAHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-124" type="occupation" value="tobacconist"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050529-461-offence-1 t19050529-name-124"/>Abraham Blumenthal</persName>, and stealing 90 1/2 lbs. of tobacco, thirty-three boxes of cigarettes, and £1 10s. 10 1/2 d. in money. </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BAROVITCH</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19050529-461-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-461-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-461-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FRITH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-125" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-125" type="surname" value="BLUMENTHAL"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-125" type="given" value="ABRAHAM"/>ABRAHAM BLUMENTHAL</persName> </hi>. I am a tobacconist, of 179, Banbury Street, E.—I locked up my premises before going to bed at 12 p.m. on May 8th—when I got up at 7 a.m. next day I found the back door had been broken open and two large holes had been bored in the door—I found the money-box in the yard, and that 90 1/2 lbs. of. tobacco, thirty-three boxes of cigarettes, and £1 10s. 10 1/2 d. in money had dis
<lb/>appeared—a police-sergeant came and examined the place—the value of the goods was between £30 and £40—I have the goods and money now.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-126" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-126" type="surname" value="O'SULLIVAN"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-126" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>MICHAEL O'SULLIVAN</persName> </hi> (272
<hi rend="italic">H.</hi>) At 5.15 a.m. on May 9th I was in Baiter Street, when I saw the prisoners pushing a barrow—they were half a mile from the prosecutor's place—I did not know them before—the barrow was full of tobacco, cigarettes, and matches—they went up Salter Street—I went there and they were outside a door—Barovitch</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190505290029"/>
<p>rushed to the door—I followed him—Volstein jumped from behind the door and rushed out—I arrested Barovitch—a sergeant came up, and we forced our way to the back room and found the sacks there—it was Volstein's room; he and Barovitch tried to stop us—the sacks contained cigarettes, loose tobacco, and matches—Volstein was not present—Mrs. Volstein was charged—she has been discharged—we found a jack, a forcing screw, a chisel, and a jemmy—I have compared the marks with these instruments.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Volstein.</hi> I saw the barrow outside at the time I went in—your wife said you occupied the room—Barovitch told me he was your lodger.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I was engaged inside, and they tried to escape—they tried to force me outside—Volstein's man could have taken away the barrow—it was five minutes before the sergeant came up.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-127" type="surname" value="RICHARDSON"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-127" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES RICHARDSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Sergeant H.</hi>) On May 9th, at 5.15, I was in Salter Street—I saw O'Sullivan standing in the door of 77, Salter Street—I found Barovitch and Rose Volstein inside—Barovitch made a statement—I went upstairs—Volstein prevented me from going into the room—I asked him where he got this property—he replied, Don't understand."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Volstein.</hi> I saw you going away with the barrow.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-128" type="surname" value="BULLEN"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-128" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH BULLEN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Sergeant H.</hi>) I saw Volstein outside Holloway prison on May 11th—he said, "Rose is my wife. I thought I would be had."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-129" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-129" type="surname" value="SMART"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-129" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS SMART</persName> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">P.C. H.</hi>) On May 11th Volstein was brought to the station—he made this statement after being cautioned, which I took down (
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>): "1 had a room to let. There was a bill out in the window, and this man Barovitch passed and came in to ask for the room; he looked at the room and asked me how much. I said 3s. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.; he said his wife
<hi rend="italic">is</hi> a servant and he
<hi rend="italic">goes</hi> to move in next week with her; meantime he
<hi rend="italic">live</hi> here alone. The day before the stealing he said to me, 'I am going to
<hi rend="italic">shift</hi> in here to
<lb/>morrow morning, in the presence of my
<hi rend="italic">missus.</hi> Will you help me? I will give you 1s. 6d. I replied, 'All right, and in the evening he said he was going to sleep where his things are, and going to pack them up, and to
<lb/>morrow morning he would come for me to help him to get
<hi rend="italic">it</hi> over to me; next morning as I was in bed he came up and woke me, and I went with him and took a barrow and went to that place. He told me to stop outside by the barrow, and he and another man brought these sacks out and he told me, 'Now you can
<hi rend="italic">go</hi>; we will come by-and-bye again. 'I went as far as Brick Lane under the railway bridge. I got tired and stopped to rest. Barovitch went and took for me the barrow; he pushed it along up to the house. The other man was alongside the barrow. I went behind them a good bit off, because I was very tired. Before I
<hi rend="italic">come</hi> up to the door I saw this policeman standing at a corner, and the stuff was off all right. Barovitch said, 'Take the barrow and give it back.' I did not know what was going on here. I went into the market to buy something. About 10 I met a man in town and he said,' You know your
<hi rend="italic">missus</hi> and another man
<hi rend="italic">is</hi> locked up for some stolen property which was found at your house this morning. The next day I went to see her, and ask what was the matter, and this detective locked me up."</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190505290030"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Volstein, in his defence on oath, said that Barovitch came to ask for lodgings and engaged a bedroom at</hi> 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d.; that he said, "I am going to shift to
<lb/>morrow, will you help me? I will give you</hi> 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d. "; that he (Volstein) said, "All right "; that he came the next morning and woke him up, and asked him to come and take his things; that he took the barrow and went to this place: that he took him (Volstein) to the shop, and gave him the stuff outside; that he (Volstein) took the barrow away until he got tired, and then Barovitch took the barrow, and he remained behind; that when he got to the house the stuff was off; that he went to the market, and a man came and said, "Your missus has been licked up for receiving stolen property "; that he bought one of the tools for sixpence, for opening some orange boxes; that the others did not belong to him; and that he was afraid to go to the police station.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Evidence for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-130" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-130" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-130" type="surname" value="VOLSTEIN"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-130" type="given" value="ROSE"/>ROSE VOLSTEIN</persName> </hi>. I am the prisoner's wife—Barovitch took a room—he said he was going to shift—I did not see my husband in the house—I saw him leave the house with the barrow.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not obstruct the police—I know nothing about these tools—they were not used by my husband—they were found in the sack of things.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t19050529-461-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-461-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-461-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi> </rs>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">BAROVITCH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony at North London Sessions</hi>
<rs id="t19050529-461-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-461-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-461-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-461-19050529 t19050529-461-punishment-25"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve months' hard labour.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">VOLSTEIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19050529-461-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-461-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-461-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-461-19050529 t19050529-461-punishment-26"/>Six months' hard labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050529-462">
<interp inst="t19050529-462" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050529"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-462" type="date" value="19050529"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050529-462-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-462-19050529 t19050529-462-offence-1 t19050529-462-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050529-462-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-462-19050529 t19050529-462-offence-1 t19050529-462-verdict-2"/>
<p>462.
<persName id="def1-462-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-462-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-462-19050529" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-462-19050529" type="surname" value="CAMPBELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-462-19050529" type="given" value="JOHN CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN CHARLES CAMPBELL</hi> (23)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-462-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-462-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-462-19050529" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def2-462-19050529" type="surname" value="RUSSELL"/>
<interp inst="def2-462-19050529" type="given" value="ROBERT EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT EDWARD RUSSELL</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t19050529-462-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-462-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-462-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t19050529-name-133" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-133" type="surname" value="PARKER"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-133" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-133" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050529-462-offence-1 t19050529-name-133"/>Samuel Parker</persName>, and stealing £1 5s. 6d. from his person.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEWIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SANDS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-134" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-134" type="surname" value="PARKER"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-134" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL PARKER</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer, of 64, High Road, Clapton—on Saturday, May 6th, I was in a public-house in Leman Street—I saw Russell, I believe—he
<hi rend="italic">asked me to</hi> have a drink—I went into the urinal—he pushed me in—Campbell came up—one put his arm round my neck and took my money from my right-hand pocket—after he had put his hand in my pocket my money was gone—he struck me twice on my face—I was knocked down—a policeman took him to the station—he said, "Search his other pockets; he has more pockets than one"—I found the money in my jacket pocket—I had not a penny in that pocket before.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not know Campbell before—he paid for the drink—I did not take any money out—I came from New Gravel Lane—I had been re-constructing a gully—the urinal is a very small place—I was looking towards the wall—I could not see properly—one pushed past me, one came behind me—I could not see either of them for the moment—I held the one whom I believed had the money—I cannot tell who put his arm round my neck—there were a good many people about—I caught hold of Campbell by the collar—I struck him and he struck me—my wages were 26s. 3d.—there was only one entrance to the urinal—it is only just a convenient place for one man—I cannot identify Russell for certain.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190505290031"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I identify Campbell.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> It is a very narrow place—just room to squeeze in.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-135" type="surname" value="GOODING"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-135" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK GOODING</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective H.</hi>) At 7.15 p.m. on Saturday, May 6th, I was in Hooper Square—I saw Campbell strike the prosecutor, and the other man was in the act of doing so—Campbell saw me and ran off—I caught him and the prosecutor said, "You have robbed me; you have taken my purse, a 4s. piece and 6d."—at the police station Campbell was very insistent on having the prosecutor's other pockets searched—when charged he replied, "Very good, sir"—Russell was there at the time—I saw Russell strike at him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Some other detective went to Russell's house—his bed was searched—I know the man—there was not a great crowd, only a few people from Rupert Square—they dispersed when I came up—Russell lives about a mile and a quarter from Rupert Street—there is a good deal of traffic about on Saturday night—I can walk a mile and a quarter in a quarter of an hour.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-136" type="surname" value="SHEAD"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-136" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT SHEAD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective H.</hi>) I know the prisoners—I have seen them together continually during two months—I saw them last together on May 6th—they were a short distance from where the robbery took place.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have seen Russell two or three times a week, almost nightly—I did not see him on Wednesday, or Friday, or Thurs
<lb/>day—I saw him on May 6th, just the same as on other nights—I did not take particular notice.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Campbell, in his defence on oath, said that he thought he knew the pro
<lb/>secutor; that he asked him if he knew a friend of his; that they had a drink at the Mint Street public-house; that they did not have any at the White Swan; that he was round the other side of the public-house; that nothing was found in his pockets; and that he had been drinking heavily and was much excited.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Russell, in his defence on oath, said that he lived at Cady Street, two miles away; that he knew Campbell; that he was arrested two days afterwards; that he was at a barber's shop; that he lived with his wife; that two other people lived in the house; and that he spoke to them on Saturday after 9 o'clock.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Evidence for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-137" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-137" type="surname" value="SCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-137" type="given" value="ALICE"/>ALICE SCOTT</persName> </hi>. I am not Russell's wife; I live with him—I remember the morning when the detective took him away—I never knew what for until I took him some tea, when I was told—I was out with him on the night of the robbery from 9 to 11, marketing—when I left to go to the pawnbroker's soon after 7 he was in the house—I went out with him and another young woman. Lilian Ayles—she was at the house from half-past 3 till 11 o'clock.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was indoors from 6 to 9—I was in the house until I went to Leman Street—Russell went out at half-past 5 to get a shave.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-138" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-138" type="surname" value="AYLES"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-138" type="given" value="LILIAN"/>LILIAN AYLES</persName> </hi>. I live in the Mile End Road with my mother—I was living there on May 6th—Russell is my cousin—in the afternoon of May</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190505290032"/>
<p>6th I was with him and his wife from 3.30 till 11 o'clock—I went out with them shopping—he wanted to have a shave—I did not go with him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I never lost sight of him—he was there from 3.30 to 11, and never moved—he was in bed when I went—he got up—when he went to get a shave he was out of my sight.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RUSSELL</hi>
<rs id="t19050529-462-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-462-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-462-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">NOT GUILTY</hi> </rs>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">CAMPBELL</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19050529-462-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-462-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-462-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony on April</hi> 16
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1902,
<hi rend="italic">at the Mansion House. The police stated he had been in prison constantly since</hi> 1894.
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19050529-462-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-462-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-462-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-462-19050529 t19050529-462-punishment-27"/>Three years' penal servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050529-463">
<interp inst="t19050529-463" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050529"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-463" type="date" value="19050529"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050529-463-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-463-19050529 t19050529-463-offence-1 t19050529-463-verdict-1"/>
<p>463.
<persName id="def1-463-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-463-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-463-19050529" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-463-19050529" type="surname" value="MCLEAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-463-19050529" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK MCLEAN</hi> (30)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19050529-463-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-463-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-463-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t19050529-463-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-463-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-463-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assault"/>to an assault upon
<persName id="t19050529-name-140" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-140" type="surname" value="FRY"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-140" type="given" value="THOMAS HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050529-463-offence-1 t19050529-name-140"/>Thomas Henry Fry</persName> </rs>.
<hi rend="italic">He received a good character.</hi>
<rs id="t19050529-463-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-463-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-463-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-463-19050529 t19050529-463-punishment-28"/>
<hi rend="italic">Discharged on recognisances.</hi> </rs></p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050529-464">
<interp inst="t19050529-464" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050529"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-464" type="date" value="19050529"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050529-464-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-464-19050529 t19050529-464-offence-1 t19050529-464-verdict-1"/>
<p>(464.)
<persName id="def1-464-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-464-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-464-19050529" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-464-19050529" type="surname" value="HOBBS"/>
<interp inst="def1-464-19050529" type="given" value="ARCHIBALD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARCHIBALD HOBBS</hi> (29)</persName>
<rs id="t19050529-464-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-464-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-464-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to forging and uttering a bill of exchange for £8 10s. 6d. with intent to defraud, having been convicted of felony at West London Police Court on July 15th, 1902</rs>.
<hi rend="italic">One other conviction was proved against him.</hi>
<rs id="t19050529-464-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-464-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-464-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-464-19050529 t19050529-464-punishment-29"/>
<hi rend="italic">Two years' hard labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t19050529-464-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-464-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-464-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050529-465">
<interp inst="t19050529-465" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050529"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-465" type="date" value="19050529"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050529-465-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-465-19050529 t19050529-465-offence-1 t19050529-465-verdict-1"/>
<p>(465.)
<persName id="def1-465-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-465-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-465-19050529" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-465-19050529" type="surname" value="GERINANO"/>
<interp inst="def1-465-19050529" type="given" value="PIETRO"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PIETRO GERINANO</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t19050529-465-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-465-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-465-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to forging and uttering a cheque for £50 with intent to defraud</rs>.
<rs id="t19050529-465-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-465-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-465-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-465-19050529 t19050529-465-punishment-30"/>
<hi rend="italic">Six months' hard labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t19050529-465-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-465-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-465-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050529-466">
<interp inst="t19050529-466" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050529"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-466" type="date" value="19050529"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050529-466-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-466-19050529 t19050529-466-offence-1 t19050529-466-verdict-1"/>
<p>(466.)
<persName id="def1-466-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-466-19050529" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-466-19050529" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-466-19050529" type="surname" value="IRWIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-466-19050529" type="given" value="LUCY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LUCY IRWIN</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t19050529-466-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-466-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-466-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to forging and uttering three orders for the payment of £4, £6, and £5</rs>.
<hi rend="italic">Four other convictions were proved against her.</hi>
<rs id="t19050529-466-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-466-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-466-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-466-19050529 t19050529-466-punishment-31"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve months' hard labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t19050529-466-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-466-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-466-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050529-467">
<interp inst="t19050529-467" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050529"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-467" type="date" value="19050529"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050529-467-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-467-19050529 t19050529-467-offence-1 t19050529-467-verdict-1"/>
<p>(467.)
<persName id="def1-467-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-467-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-467-19050529" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-467-19050529" type="surname" value="GOLDSTEIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-467-19050529" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN GOLDSTEIN</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t19050529-467-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-467-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-467-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, to stealing a bicycle, the property of
<persName id="t19050529-name-145" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-145" type="surname" value="GOLDSTEIN"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-145" type="given" value="SOLOMON"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050529-467-offence-1 t19050529-name-145"/>Solomon Goldstein</persName>.</rs>(
<hi rend="italic">See next case.</hi>)
<rs id="t19050529-467-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-467-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-467-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050529-468">
<interp inst="t19050529-468" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050529"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-468" type="date" value="19050529"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050529-468-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-468-19050529 t19050529-468-offence-1 t19050529-468-verdict-1"/>
<p>468.
<persName id="def1-468-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-468-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-468-19050529" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-468-19050529" type="surname" value="SHOOLMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-468-19050529" type="given" value="BARNETT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BARNETT SHOOLMAN</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t19050529-468-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-468-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-468-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Conspiring with
<persName id="t19050529-name-147">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-147" type="surname" value="GOLDSTEIN"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-147" type="given" value="JOHN"/>John Goldstein</persName> to commit the said felony and defeat the ends of justice.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WIGG</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GREEN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-148" type="surname" value="GOLDSTEIN"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-148" type="given" value="SOLOMON"/>SOLOMON GOLDSTEIN</persName> </hi>. I am a cycle manufacturer, carrying on busi
<lb/>ness in Whitechapel Yard—John Goldstein came to me and hired a bicycle on March 7th—I next saw it on May 14th in Club Row—altera
<lb/>tions had been made to it—Goldstein said it belonged to his brother-in
<lb/>law, Shoolman, who said the bicycle belonged to him—Goldstein was charged—my name was on the bicycle.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It is easy to alter the appearance of a bicycle; that is why I put my name upon it—the saddle was not mine, nor the handle bars, nor the brake—the mudguard had been altered—when I saw Shool
<lb/>man he said the bicycle was his—I showed him my name on it—the moment he saw the name he said, "The bicycle is not mine."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-149" type="surname" value="GOODING"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-149" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK GOODING</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective H.</hi>) On May 14th the prosecutor came to the police station with John Goldstein—I told him I was a police officer and was making inquiries about the bicycle—John Goldstein said the bicycle was his; he could prove it by a dozen persons—he said, "I bought it in Club Row"—I showed him the name—he said, "It is my bicycle."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I know the handle and saddle does not belong to the prosecutor—I mentioned this before the Magistrate; he cut a lot of it out—I did not have a row at the police station—I did not have a drink</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190505290033"/>
<p>with Shoolman—I paid for my own refreshment—Sergeant Watson issued the warrant for his apprehension—I told the Magistrate I had seen Shoolman in Court on Tuesday—he told me he had a bicycle of his own.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> This prosecution was instituted at the instigation of the Magistrate.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-150" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-150" type="surname" value="SEESON"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-150" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>BENJAMIN SEESON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective H.</hi>) I arrested the prisoner on May 17th at his house, on a charge of receiving—in answer to the charge he said, "I wish I had nothing to do with it, but I can easily get out of it"—he is a thoroughly respectable man—there is not a word against him—I could always have found him when I wanted him.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t19050529-468-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-468-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-468-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">NOT GUILTY</hi> </rs>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">GOLDSTEIN</hi>
<rs id="t19050529-468-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-468-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-468-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-467-19050529 t19050529-468-punishment-32"/>
<hi rend="italic">Discharged on recognisances.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, May</hi> 31
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1905.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Grantham.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050529-469">
<interp inst="t19050529-469" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050529"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-469" type="date" value="19050529"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050529-469-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-469-19050529 t19050529-469-offence-1 t19050529-469-verdict-1"/>
<p>469.
<persName id="def1-469-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-469-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-469-19050529" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-469-19050529" type="surname" value="KICHOVITCH"/>
<interp inst="def1-469-19050529" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES KICHOVITCH</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t19050529-469-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-469-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-469-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>, Charged on the Coroner's inquisition with the manslaughter of
<persName id="t19050529-name-152" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-152" type="surname" value="KORWARISCH"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-152" type="given" value="ANTON"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050529-469-offence-1 t19050529-name-152"/>Anton Korwarisch</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WARBURTON</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution, offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19050529-469-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-469-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-469-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050529-470">
<interp inst="t19050529-470" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050529"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-470" type="date" value="19050529"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050529-470-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-470-19050529 t19050529-470-offence-1 t19050529-470-verdict-1"/>
<p>470.
<persName id="def1-470-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-470-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-470-19050529" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="def1-470-19050529" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BENJAMIN WEBSTER</hi>, </persName>
<rs id="t19050529-470-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-470-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-470-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>Charged on the Coroner's inquisi
<lb/>tion with the manslaughter of
<persName id="t19050529-name-154" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-154" type="surname" value="SECKER"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-154" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050529-470-offence-1 t19050529-name-154"/>William Secker</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution, offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19050529-470-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-470-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-470-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday and Thursday, May</hi> 31
<hi rend="italic">st and June</hi> 1
<hi rend="italic">st, and</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Friday, June</hi> 2
<hi rend="italic">nd</hi>, 1905.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050529-471">
<interp inst="t19050529-471" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050529"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-471" type="date" value="19050529"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050529-471-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-471-19050529 t19050529-471-offence-1 t19050529-471-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050529-471-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-471-19050529 t19050529-471-offence-1 t19050529-471-verdict-1"/>
<p>471.
<persName id="def1-471-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-471-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-471-19050529" type="surname" value="SPECTERMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-471-19050529" type="given" value="MARK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARK SPECTERMAN</hi> </persName> and
<persName id="def2-471-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-471-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-471-19050529" type="surname" value="SPECTERMAN"/>
<interp inst="def2-471-19050529" type="given" value="SIMON"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SIMON SPECTERMAN</hi>, </persName>
<rs id="t19050529-471-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-471-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-471-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>Unlaw
<lb/>fully offering to
<persName id="t19050529-name-157" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-157" type="surname" value="RYCROFT"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-157" type="given" value="ALBERT MICHAEL"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-157" type="occupation" value="servant of the Metropolitan Borough of Stepney"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050529-471-offence-1 t19050529-name-157"/>Albert Michael Rycroft</persName>, a servant of the Metropoli
<lb/>tan Borough of Stepney, a guinea, as an inducement to him to avoid distress.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ELLIOTT</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution, offered no evidence against</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARK SPECTERMAN</hi>
<rs id="t19050529-471-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-471-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-471-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">NOT GUILTY</hi> </rs>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">SIMON SPECTERMAN</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19050529-471-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-471-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-471-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19050529-471-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-471-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-471-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-471-19050529 t19050529-471-punishment-33"/>Three days' imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050529-472">
<interp inst="t19050529-472" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050529"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-472" type="date" value="19050529"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050529-472-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-472-19050529 t19050529-472-offence-1 t19050529-472-verdict-1"/>
<p>472.
<persName id="def1-472-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-472-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-472-19050529" type="surname" value="ROBIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-472-19050529" type="given" value="MAURICE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MAURICE ROBIN</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">otherwise</hi>
<rs id="t19050529-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-472-19050529 t19050529-alias-1"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBINOWITZ</hi> </rs> (39)</persName>,
<rs id="t19050529-472-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-472-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-472-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/>Unlawfully receiving certain coupons stolen at Genoa, knowing them to have been stolen.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MUIR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PERCIVAL HUGHES</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GAYTHORNE HARDY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-159" type="surname" value="KLEISHEI"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-159" type="given" value="JACOB"/>JACOB KLEISHEI</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Interpreted</hi>). I am a process server to the Cantonal Court of Zurich—from March 21st to April 3rd I was on my honey-moon—on April 2nd I went to the Nervi Flower Festival at Genoa, and was in a crowd where the trams stop—I had eight coupons in a pocket-book in my right-hand pocket—five of those coupons are produced—I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190505290034"/>
<p>have the securities corresponding with them—I was wearing a Kodak with a strap from right to left—I missed my pocket-book next morn
<lb/>ing—the gentleman with whom I was lodging gave information to the police at Genoa, and I gave information to the bank at Zurich.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I took the coupons with me on my honeymoon, for safety, but I was mistaken—I gave information to the bank at Zurich on my return there on April 5th.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-160" type="surname" value="MESSENGER"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-160" type="given" value="HAROLD CLYDE"/>HAROLD CLYDE MESSENGER</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk to A. Keyser & Co., foreign bankers, 21, Cornhill—on April 26th the prisoner called at the bank and left these five coupons with me of the Banque Populaire Suisse—I gave him this receipt—I sent them to our correspondents, the Banque Federale, Zurich—I got this telegram on May 5th [
<hi rend="italic">Stopping payment</hi>] and at once communicated with the police—I saw the prisoner write the list of the five coupons—he gave his name and address as M. Robin, 7, Church Lane, E.—the coupons are of the value of about £2 each—the writing in this letter is like the prisoner's [
<hi rend="italic">Exhibit B.</hi>]—after his arrest I sent to the Banque Federale for the return of the coupons—I did not receive them—we never got any money for them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> We always pay by crossed cheque—we should not take a stranger's cheque—I read French—I do not know what "lausagne" means.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-161" type="surname" value="CLARKE"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-161" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK CLARKE</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk to Keyser & Co.—I wrote the "5 c." on the back of one of these coupons received by the bank on April 26th—they were the only coupons received that day.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I saw the prisoner, I believe, on three occasions about the beginning of May—he called to know if we had been advised to pay the coupons—he would be informed that we could not cash securities until they had been to Zurich, or the place where they originally came from—there are no dividend marks on the coupons, and we did not know the dividend the holders were entitled to—they were in our possession for over two days—we would have delivered them up to the prisoner his receipt.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-162" type="surname" value="MURPHY"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-162" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES MURPHY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective-Inspector City</hi>). On May 5th, about 11 a.m., I received the prisoner into custody as he was leaving Keyser's office, 21, Cornhill—I was with a detective-sergeant—I said to the prisoner, "We are police officers. I am making some inquiries respecting five coupons of the Banque Populaire Suisse that you presented for payment on the 26th of last month at Keyser's Bank, Cornhill. I am told they are stolen "—he said, "I did not know they were stolen. I bought them about two weeks ago from a man whose name and address I do not know, at the Cafe Zimmer, Grand Boulevard, Paris"—on the way to the station he said, "Do you think I would have taken them to the bank if I knew they were stolen, and have given my correct name and address?"—he made no reply to the charge—on searching him I found this letter from Messrs. Keyser upon him, this paper with the name Max Levin on it, of the United States, the letter and envelope B & BI—he said his name was Robin—I have known him as Robinowitz since 1893—he said he got this naturaliza
<lb/>tion paper in the name of Max Levin from an American in London.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190505290035"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He gave me an address where he said he slept the night previous to his arrest, but not the address of an hotel where he stayed in Paris—he did not give me a card or we should have had in
<lb/>quiries made about it—he is known as Robin, the English equivalent of Robinowitz.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-163" type="surname" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-163" type="given" value="ISAAC"/>ISAAC BENJAMIN</persName> </hi>. I keep a restaurant at 7, Church Lane, E.—I have known the prisoner as Robinowitz about five yean—he had meals at my place—looking at my book I see entries which show me he was there every day from April 1st to 15th, and 17th to 21st, inclusive—the 16th being Sunday, he was not there—he was also there on May 3rd and 4th—I put his name down because he did not pay me—he owes me—I 9s. 5d.—he had his letters addressed there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am a Russian Jew—I put down the names given me—I receive letters addressed to customers under my name.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-164" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-164" type="surname" value="BOYLE"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-164" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK BOYLE</persName> </hi>. I am night superintendent at 145, High Street, Whitechapel, an hotel and restaurant—I do not know the prisoner—I produce the hotel books of persons who sleep there—I have a name of Robin on May 4th, who is a Canadian, and not the prisoner.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> An inspector called at the hotel, and that is why I am here.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-165" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-165" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-165" type="surname" value="WATT"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-165" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN WATT</persName> </hi>. I am a translator of languages—I produce my transla
<lb/>tions of a letter and an envelope, B & B1 (
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>): "Dear Friend,—You have no doubt received my letter which I wrote you from Paris. Upon returning to London I thought of starting at once with Charles for Russia. The lausagne is quite ready to be negotiated, but one cannot rely on people like Charles & Co. Twice a day they alter their promises, and one does not know what to hold on to. Last week a workman, William, an English
<lb/>man (with whom you had dealings on starting from London), came to London with a good lausagne of seventy-five bags"—written under is, "Banque Populaire Suisse, Berne, 6, Rue Christoffle. P. 517, 758, Grand Hotel. Villa Igea, Palermo"—the envelope is, "Mr. Arthur, 50, Rue Montgrand, Marseillis Bouche du Rhone, France"—I have looked at several dictionaries, and made inquiries, but I do not know what." lausagne "means.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I do not think the word means the wife of a cossack—the letters are "lau "and "gne," and not" cau "and "que"—" cossque" is used as a term of reproach—it occurs twice.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence on oath, said that he met a gentleman at the Cafe Zimmer, who sat at the same table, and in conversation said he wanted to go to Italy, but had not the cash, only the coupons, and that after inquiry at the Credit Lyonnais he (the prisoner) bought the coupons for forty-five francs, but had no knowledge that they were stolen.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19050529-472-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-472-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-472-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction at this Court on May</hi> 1
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1893,
<hi rend="italic">of forging an order for the payment of money. He was stated to be an associate of a dangerous gang of Continental thieves, and to have been convicted at the Court of Assize of the Seine, and it was stated there were two other convictions against him.</hi>
<rs id="t19050529-472-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-472-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-472-punishment-34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-472-19050529 t19050529-472-punishment-34"/>
<hi rend="italic">Seven years' penal servitude.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050529-473">
<interp inst="t19050529-473" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050529"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-473" type="date" value="19050529"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050529-473-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-473-19050529 t19050529-473-offence-1 t19050529-473-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050529-473-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-473-19050529 t19050529-473-offence-1 t19050529-473-verdict-2"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190505290036"/>
<p>473.
<persName id="def1-473-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-473-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-473-19050529" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-473-19050529" type="surname" value="CLARABUTT"/>
<interp inst="def1-473-19050529" type="given" value="FRANK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FRANK CLARABUTT</hi> (36)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-473-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-473-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-473-19050529" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def2-473-19050529" type="surname" value="JENN"/>
<interp inst="def2-473-19050529" type="given" value="HENRY SIDNEY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY SIDNEY JENN</hi> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t19050529-473-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-473-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-473-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Conspiring to falsify certain books of
<persName id="t19050529-name-168" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-168" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-168" type="surname" value="ISRAEL"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-168" type="given" value="ABRAHAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050529-473-offence-1 t19050529-name-168"/>Abraham Israel</persName> and another, trading as
<persName id="t19050529-name-169" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-169" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050529-473-offence-1 t19050529-name-169"/>Israel & Joel</persName>, and omitting material particulars with intent to defraud. </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CLARABUTT</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19050529-473-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-473-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-473-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MUIR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEYCESTER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GUY STEPHENSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">appeared for Clarabutt, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FORREST FULTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">for Jenn.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-170" type="surname" value="CLARABUTT"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-170" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK CLARABUTT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner</hi>). I was a clerk in the service of Mr. Sidford, an accountant, of 1, New Court, Carey Street—I was employed in keeping the books of Israel & Joel for some time—I had a salary of £2 10s. a week—Jenn kept the Sold Ledger—he was a clerk to Israel & Joel at £2 5s. a week—the debits in the Sold Ledger are written up from the Day Book, and the credits from the Cash Book—I checked the Sold Ledger with another clerk every week—if the debit entries were not there the clerk would make a note which would be handed to Jenn, and the error pointed out to him; that is what I ought to have done—the credits were not called, but posted direct by Jenn from the Cash Book—those were checked by two of Sidford's clerks—in September or October, 1903, Jenn spoke to me—I cannot give you the exact words, but the effect of his proposition was that I should pass certain omissions, and that the customer would pay him half, which he would divide with me—I did not agree to that at first, but afterwards I did—in pursuance of that arrange
<lb/>ment I received money from Jenn from time to time—another method of falsification was that I should put entries into the ledger of cheques that never came, representing moneys that had never been paid—I did that, and received money from Jenn for the transaction, amounting to £150 or £160—looking at the account of Marsh in the Sold Ledger I see that under the date of July 9th, 1904, I entered a cheque of £29 18
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; October 31st, 1904, a cheque for £61 2s., 6d. and empties £7 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; December 3rd, a cheque for £7 3s. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.; January 20th, 1905, a cheque for £28 1s. 3d., and empties £8 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; July 27th, a cheque for £46 10s. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.; March 2nd, a cheque for £98 7s. 9d., and empties £19; March 9th, a cheque for £80 2s. 11d. all those entries are in my writing—I had no duty in connection with the entries in that ledger except in Jenn's absence—they are all fictitious entries, I believe; I speak from memory—they are my ticks opposite to them—the ticks should have been those of the accountant's clerk, Kelly—looking at the Day Book for the Russell Street shop, I find the entry of 11 flats of grapes, 153 1/2 lbs. at 10d., £6 9s. 8d., under the date of December 1st, 1903—that is ticked in the ledger—the Day Book was kept by the clerk Gorman—I cannot swear to the tick, but I know whose tick it should be—it is made in green ink in the ordinary way—it was Jenn's duty to pass these entries into the ledger—in the same entry is 33s. for empties, ticked in green ink, and as far as I can see it is the same tick as applied to the immediately preceding entries—looking at the ledger, I find two entries preceding that of the grapes, and two following it in Jenn's writing—they are ticked in the same way as this one—they are 5 bags of Brazil nuts, 5 of almonds, 6 bags of flowers, and 100 flowers, but there is no entry of the grapes where it should be in the middle of those four</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190505290037"/>
<p>entries—turning to the account of Bonning, under date of April 23rd 1904, I find the entry of a cheque for £62 13s. 6d. in Jenn's writing—the entry of July 16th, 1904, of a cheque for £20 14s. 3d., and empties, £14s., it in my writing—it is not genuine—there ought to have been nothing there—the tick should be that of one of Mr. Sidford's clerks, not mine—the counter
<lb/>foil of the Receipt Book shows a receipt from G. Bonner of 13s. 6d.—the name should be Bonning—that entry of £62 13s. 6d. on July 16th is altered from the 13s. 6d.—my entry of December 7th, 1904, of a cheque for £17 5s. 1d., and empties, £2 9s., is fictitious; also that of July 21st, 1906, of a cheque for £29 8s. 4d., and empties, £1 2s.—the entry of July 29th, 1904, is in Jenn's writing—looking to Bonning's ledger account of that date, I find two entries of 10 1/2 bushels of greengages, and 10 1/2 bushels of plums in Jenn's writing—there are two Day Books for one shop, and one for the other—looking at the Day Book for Russell Street, on July 29th I find the entry of 20 half bushels of pears, 20 bags of tomatoes, and 2 flats of cucumbers, ticked as if they were entered in the ledger with the same sort of tick—the ledger was made up every day—the books of the two shops were kept in the same office—they were checked, not necessarily the same day, but as soon as convenient—the books of the Russell Street shop, and of the South Row shop never left the office—Jenn was employed at the South Row office—the Day Books are made up from the sale tickets which are sent from the shops to the office where the books are kept—turning to Newman's account under date January 1st, 1905 find an entry of a cheque for £13 9s. in my writing—that is not ficti
<lb/>tious, as well as the entry of the 25th of £23 4s. 4d.—on December 15th, 1903, I find in the ledger, "50 bags of potatoes, empties 25s. price 90s. balance £9 5s.,"and in the Russell Street Day Book, "20 cases of dates at 8s. 9d. balance £5 4s. 2d."—the latter is not entered in the ledger, though it is ticked as if it were—the entry of 50 bags of potatoes in the ledger is in Jenn's writing—the entry in the Day Book is that of a clerk—the 20 cases of dates is in the same writing—on April 12th Mr. Sidford spoke to me about some false entries—I made a statements to him, and pointed out the entries in the books—I told Jenn later on that day what Mr. Sidford had said—Jenn had been called into the office and we were there together—our attention was called to the £62 first—I told Jenn that I thought the best thing he could do was to make a clean breast of it—he said, "No, I do not think so"—on the same day I saw him at a public-house, near the market, later on, about 1.30 or 2 o'clock, in the luncheon interval—I still advised him to come back to the office and own up—he promised he would do so the next day—he did not come back to the office—I was suspended the same day, about 12 o'clock, and returned at 6 in the evening—I saw Mr. Sidford—I was told to stay away for a few days—Jenn called at my house—very little was said—I did not see him again till last Tuesday after the police-sergeant had arrested him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> From November, 1903, till April 7th, 1905, there is no entry in Jenn's writing except one of £56 13s. 6d.—it did not strike me that it would look suspicious for the cash entries to appear in my writing in a book kept by him—it does not appear so now—an audit is</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190505290038"/>
<p>made by Mr. Sidford and his clerks, apart from me—there are a number of genuine entries in my writing in the ledger of money payments—here is
<hi rend="italic">one of</hi> £3 14s. and another of £2 0s. 6d. of another customer—my fictitious entries do not extend over two years—the clerk Gorman received some of the Proceeds of' this fraud—we can identify one another's ticks, as different people make their ticks in different ways—there are genuine mistakes in the entries—I had nothing to do with checking payments—I ticked the credits in the ledger—it was not Gorman's duty to call out to Jenn the entries which he had made in the Day Book from the tickets—I made entries from the Day Book into the ledger in a good many instances, covering a considerable period—another clerk named Coleman checked the entries in the ledger—I know the porter, Levy—he carries the goods from the shop to the van of the customer when it is waiting outside—I have not heard of complaints being made of Gorman not entering the goods—Jenn's words to me were not, "I know nothing about it, but I cannot explain the entry of the £62"—that is not the substance of what he said—I do not know of any difficulties with the firm as to Michael Israel keeping the books—I do not know that the books were removed from the office—I do not know that they were moved at the request of Mr. Joel—it is very difficult to keep accounts of large dealings of this kind by different clerks.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Reexamined.</hi> My entry of July 9th, 1904, of a cheque for £29 18s. is the earliest of my fictitious entries, to the best of my belief—the stock was checked each week—I passed over the omitted entries when the amounts were called out as if they appeared in the ledger—the fictitious entries were made after the checking, because they would not be re
<lb/>ferred back to—the books were balanced, to the best of my knowledge, once a year—a customer was credited with considerable amounts which he never, in fact, paid, and one entry was made to balance another—I have not stated' till to day that Gorman was a party to these frauds, if I may exclude what I have said to my legal adviser—Jenn paid Gor
<lb/>man—the money I had was given to me by Jenn, perhaps once a week, or not quite so often—I received about a third, not in a public-house, but in the office—I think I only received gold on two occasions—Gor
<lb/>man was only concerned with Marsh's account, so far as I know he knows nothing of the others—some of the money I have received on the way from Marsh's place of business—I went there with Jenn at night time once, and on a second occasion in the afternoon—the first occasion was about Christmas, 1903, and the second occasion early in March of the present year—Jenn went to Marsh's shop And I waited in the Harrow Road—Jenn took a turning out of the Harrow Road—on the first occa
<lb/>sion I waited quite half an hour, and on the second occasion a good deal longer—when Jenn came back to me he gave me money—on the first occasion how much I do not remember, but on the second it was £6 or £8—Gorman assisted in the frauds in Marsh's case—he had nothing to do with omissions from the ledger; he simply knew what we were doing, therefore he had to stand in with the money—I did not tell him our pro
<lb/>ceedings were limited to Marsh—I did not tell him about Newman, so</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190505290039"/>
<p>that he got no share of that—I only made entries in the Day Book on very few occasions—I made them from the sale tickets—that is the regular course of business—I did it in another man's absence, in the case of illness or anything of that sort.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-171" type="surname" value="GORMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-171" type="given" value="ERNEST EDWARD"/>ERNEST EDWARD GORMAN</persName> </hi>. I was a clerk in the service of Israel & Joel—I kept the Day Book, and the Ledger Accounts of Sales and Empties—this is the rough Pay Book which I entered up from the tickets—these books were kept by Clarabutt and myself; he or I would call the tickets, which would then be entered—I usually made the entries—whatever is in the Day Book would properly go into the ledger—I did not know of any irregularities going on with regard to Marsh'sr account—the accountant's clerk checked the entries—he came once a week.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">New Court, June</hi> 1
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1905.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-172" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-172" type="surname" value="SIDFORD"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-172" type="given" value="EDWIN GUY"/>EDWIN GUY SIDFORD</persName> </hi>. I am an accountant practising at 1, New Court, Carey Street—for some time past I have had charge of the accounts of Israel & Joel—they are wholesale fruiterers in the market—the first document is the sale ticket, which is made out at the time of the sale, and is sent into the counting house—from it an entry is made into the Day Book—these tickets are numbered in numerical order and in series—there may be three series at a time—from the Day Book the entries, were posted into the Sold Ledger by Jenn, who was principally the Sold Ledger clerk—there were others—the accounts were sent out weekly on the Saturday by Jenn, made up from the Sold Ledger—they would be paid to the cashier, who was downstairs in the shop—they are supposed to be paid weekly, but sometimes they ran a little longer—the cashier would give a receipt upon a printed form—that was the only form of receipt recognised—those forms have running numbers like the one pro
<lb/>duced; then the cashier would enter the payment in a rough Cash Book, and from that they were copied into a Fair Copy Cash Book—that was Jenn's duty—it was also his duty to enter them into the customer's account in the ledger—this is a counterfoil receipt—on Tuesdays I checked the entries—I called out the, debit entries from the Day Book, while Clarabutt looked at the ledger—Clarabutt had nothing to do with the Sold Ledger except in Jenn's absence, and even then it was not necessary—I sent two clerks to check the credits of the customer with the Cash Book—the entries were ticked as they were checked—I see now the ticks of a different person—the entry of July 9th, 1904, in Marsh's account is not ticked by the regular clerk—that is a false entry of £29 18s.—it is in red ink—I have checked the entries of Marsh's credit in a ledger with the entries in the Cash Book of payments made by him, and the counterfoil receipt books in black ink, and in another column the red ink checkings of entries in the Cash Book, amounting to £559 11s. 5d., between July 9th, 1904, and March 9th of this year, in Clarabutt's writing—I find £559 11s. 5d. credited to Marsh, but those entries are fictitious—they have tickets other than those of the entering clerk—I know Clarabutt's ticks—these are his—the items must have been ticked</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190505290040"/>
<p>after they had been called over—he must have gone back and put them in, otherwise it must have been discovered—supposing the ledger was ticked on July 15th, the entry would be put in before that date—the ledger was not squared off weekly—the entry as to the five bags of Brazil nuts, etc., is omitted from the ledger—from the £559 11s. 5d. there has to be deducted £287 16s. 6d., the amount of falsification—I have prepared a similar exhibit with regard to Bonning's account, as to which I find a false credit amounting to £134 2s. 8d., and the fraudulent omissions to £105 1s. 7d., the total of both being £239 4s. 3d.—in New
<lb/>man's account the false credits are £36 6s. 1d., and the improper omis
<lb/>sions £106 5s. 10d., making a total of £142 11s. 11d.—I first gave evidence on April 26th, when these three exhibits were put in—at that time no process had been obtained against Marsh, Bonning or Newman, and I did not know what documents they might have in their possession—since their arrest documents have been found in their possession—with regard to Marsh's account I find a bundle of invoices which were found by the police and produced in Court—I have them in my hand—I have examined them with Israel & Joel's ledger—they are in Jenn's writing—it was his duty to make out those bills—in the accounts sent to Marsh there are a large number of omissions of items which appear even in the ledger and which are not included in the bills—I find the items so omitted from the accounts, but included in the ledger, exactly balance the false credits entered in the ledger, so far as they relate to these accounts—I have prepared a statement (
<hi rend="italic">Exhibit</hi> 7), which show those omissions and the corresponding false entries in the ledger to balance them, in red ink—the items in black are in the ledger, but omitted from the accounts—the fictitious entries which balance the omissions are shown in red ink—I knew nothing of the existence of those invoices found by the police at the time I made out this statement, but they exactly agree with the statement I made out—there are a double set of omissions, first the omissions of orders received, and there are other omissions of goods sup
<lb/>plied—then entries are balanced by fictitious entries of cash which was never paid—I also find amongst the papers found by the police receipts for genuine payments, and some accounts not receipted—the receipts correspond with the genuine payments according to my exhibit—on the other hand 1 do not find any receipt for the fictitious payments—I have examined Marsh's banking account (
<hi rend="italic">Exhibit</hi> 8,
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I find that it shows payments which I have put in my exhibit as genuine, and no items in respect of payments which are fictitious—the fictitious items are not in Marsh's Pass Book—turning to Bonning's account, some docu
<lb/>ments were found by the police in his possession; amongst them were receipts—there were no receipts between January 16th and May 5th, 1904, but I find false entries from April 23rd and July 16th, 1904—an item of £62 settles all the accounts between those two dates—that is a false entry of a payment of £62, which purports to have been made on April 23rd, before some of the goods were supplied—the entry is in Jenn's writing—there is am absence of documents between those two dates—I find among the documents produced genuine payments on June 14th</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190505290041"/>
<p>and 18th, a false credit of £20 14s. 3d. and £1 4s. and in the documents produced by the police, unreceipted accounts for that sum of £21 18s. 3d.—all the others are receipted after that till I come to a group of false credits—the documents produced by the police exactly corroborate my statement which was made out some weeks before—at Bow Street, when I was being cross-examined by the defendant Newman's [
<hi rend="italic">Not yet tried</hi>] advocate some documents were put in, in his defence—on examining them I find there were debts ranging from May, 1698, to Decem
<lb/>ber, 1904—bills were produced which range from October, 1899, to Octo
<lb/>ber, 1903—Newmans banking account was also produced, in which I found entries of his genuine payments in every case, but the fictitious entries of April 26th are not in the banking account and there are no receipts for them—there are some receipts recording genuine payments—I find the fictitious entries are all in 1905, and that no accounts for 1905 are produced—the bills put in by Newman's counsel stop in Novem
<lb/>ber, 1903—the first falsification is on December 15th, as to twenty cases of dates—my attention was first called to this matter on April 12th, 1905, by my clerk Kelly, who was investigating some matter in con
<lb/>nection with the accounts, but not connected with this case—I spoke to Jenn first of all about the item of Bonning being altered from 13s. 6d. to £62 13s. 6d.—in the other cases there is an entirely false entry, and this is the only case where the genuine and false entries are mixed—that is dated April 23rd—the entry now reads," Cheque. £62 13s. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>."—the tick is genuine, but it really applies to the 13s. 6d.—Jenn's writing is peculiar—he makes his sixes in a peculiar way—I point out three of them—on April 12th I asked him how he could explain that item of £62 13s. 6d. in the ledger when he had in the Counterfoil Receipt Book 13s. 6d., all in his writing; I said, "How do you explain this?"—he looked at the items and said, "I cannot explain it. There it is; I suppose it is put in to balance"—he kept on repeating, "Oh! I cannot explain it," but he said they were his figures—I did not ask him that; I simply asked for an explanation—he said, "I think they are my figures"—he re
<lb/>peated about twenty times, "I cannot explain it. I think they are my figures; there it is"—I then called Clarabutt in, and Jenn and Clara
<lb/>butt were together, and I showed Clarabutt one or two of the fictitious items as to Marsh, in Clarabutt's writing, and I said to him, "Where did you get that item from to pass into the ledger?"—he said, "From, the Cash Book"—I gave him the Cash Book and said, "Will you find it for me in the Cash Book?"—he looked for it, but did not find it—he still persisted it was in the Cash Book—Jenn was there all that time—he said nothing—it was about 11 a.m.—that was the last I saw of Jenn—I went to call him that morning, and it was said he had gone out—so far as I know, he did not attend Israel & Joel's office after that date—I was there daily about that time.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I can distinguish the ticks of the different clerks in my employment by their position in the money column, but not mainly or largely by that, but by many other things, which distinguish ticks made by different clerks—they are of different angles—it may not be</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190505290042"/>
<p>very difficult, but it is not so easy as it seems to imitate another per
<lb/>son's tick—I am not an expert in handwriting—I assisted Jenn in audit
<lb/>ing the books of Israel & Joel—young Israel once balanced the accounts—I was managing clerk to Israel & Joel's previous accountant whom the firm gave up because they could not agree as to terms—I did not hear of any complaints made by customers about the accounts—the sale ticket never leaves the firm's possession—later in the day it is sent to the office, after the goods have been delivered—the goods could not go out without it—sometimes a portion of the goods are left over—the sale tickets were entered up by Gorman—goods are delivered as arranged at the time of the sale and taken there and then to the carts waiting for them—the firm sell the stuff that is in the shop—if certain goods are omitted which had been ordered they would be entered in blank in the Day Book—I never heard of the case of the goods being bought "To arrive"—the £62 entry is in the undisguised writing of Jenn, but the pen is thick.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-173" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-173" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-173" type="surname" value="COLEMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-173" type="given" value="EDWARD PENNY"/>EDWARD PENNY COLEMAN</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in Mr. Sid ford's employment in his business of an accountant—part of my duty was to go weekly to Israel & Joel's office and tick the debits from the Day Book into the ledger with Clarabutt—I took the Day Book, and called out the entries from it—Clarabutt signified that the entries I called out were correct—I did not look at the ledger to see; I assumed that Clarabutt was doing his duty—on every occasion he took the ledger—the practice was for the senior clerk to take the ledger and the junior clerk the Day Book—I did that the whole time Clarabutt was there—when he was away I checked the books with someone else.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-174" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-174" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-174" type="surname" value="KELLY"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-174" type="given" value="HAROLD"/>HAROLD KELLY</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in Mr. Sidford's service as an accoun
<lb/>tant—when Coleman was away I called over the Day Book for the pur
<lb/>pose of checking the entries into the ledger—I have heard Coleman's evidence—I checked the accounts in the same way—I assumed Clara
<lb/>butt was doing his duty—I checked the credits with Coleman or a junior clerk—I am sure the fictitious entries were not in the ledger then—these are my ticks on the credit side of the ledger—since then this £62 has been put in—the other ticks are Clarabutt's—I know my own ticks and I know Coleman's—in my opinion these are Clarabutt's—I know his writing and figures—these figures, I think, are Jenn's—these fictitious entries are Clarabutt's.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I would not go further than to say that the figures are like Jenn's—they could be imitated.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-175" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-175" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-175" type="surname" value="CALLAGHAN"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-175" type="given" value="HARRY"/>HARRY CALLAGHAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective E.</hi>) I received a warrant from Inspector Dew on April 27th for Jenn's arrest, and executed it on the 28th at Hast
<lb/>ings—I met Jenn coming towards the railway station—I said to him, "Your name is Jenn?"—he said, "Yes"—I said, "I hold a warrant for your arrest"—he did not reply, but afterwards he said, "I was just going to London to see the firm"—I took him to the police station, and read the warrant to him—it charged him with falsifying books—he said, "All right"—I brought him to London—when formally charged he said, "Very well."</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190505290043"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Something came to the knowledge of the police which led them to believe that Jenn' was at Hastings—I executed the warrant when he was coming to the railway station—his wife was with him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-176" type="surname" value="DEW"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-176" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER DEW</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector E.</hi>) After Jenn's and Bonning's arrest I searched Jenn's premises, and found a number of receipted invoices which have been put in and marked Exhibit 7; also this unreceipted bill for £121 18s. 3d., and some of the documents produced in Marsh's and Newman's case.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I knew there was an appointment between Jenn and his firm when the warrant was executed.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-177" type="surname" value="SIDFORD"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-177" type="given" value="EDWIN GUY"/>EDWIN GUY SIDFORD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined by the Jury</hi>). It did not strike me as extraordinary that 13s. 6d. could be paid by cheque—there is a smaller cheque for 1s. 3d.—that might be cash to balance an account paid partly by cheques—I think the clerks generally put "By cheque" whether it was cash or cheque.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JENN</hi>
<rs id="t19050529-473-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-473-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-473-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi> </rs>.
<rs id="t19050529-473-punishment-35" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-473-punishment-35" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-473-punishment-35" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-473-19050529 t19050529-473-punishment-35"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-473-19050529 t19050529-473-punishment-35"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050529-474">
<interp inst="t19050529-474" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050529"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-474" type="date" value="19050529"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050529-474-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-474-19050529 t19050529-474-offence-1 t19050529-474-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050529-474-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-474-19050529 t19050529-474-offence-1 t19050529-474-verdict-1"/>
<p>474.
<persName id="def1-474-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-474-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-474-19050529" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-474-19050529" type="surname" value="CLARABUTT"/>
<interp inst="def1-474-19050529" type="given" value="FRANK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FRANK CLARABUTT</hi> (36)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-474-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-474-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-474-19050529" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def2-474-19050529" type="surname" value="MARSH"/>
<interp inst="def2-474-19050529" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT MARSH</hi> (40)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19050529-474-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-474-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-474-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t19050529-474-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-474-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-474-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>to conspiring to defraud
<persName id="t19050529-name-180" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-180" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-180" type="surname" value="ISRAEL"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-180" type="given" value="ABRAHAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050529-474-offence-1 t19050529-name-180"/>Abraham Israel</persName> and another</rs>.
<rs id="t19050529-474-punishment-36" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-474-punishment-36" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-474-punishment-36" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-474-19050529 t19050529-474-punishment-36"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-474-19050529 t19050529-474-punishment-36"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050529-475">
<interp inst="t19050529-475" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050529"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-475" type="date" value="19050529"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050529-475-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-475-19050529 t19050529-475-offence-1 t19050529-475-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050529-475-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-475-19050529 t19050529-475-offence-1 t19050529-475-verdict-2"/>
<p>475.
<persName id="def1-475-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-475-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-475-19050529" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-475-19050529" type="surname" value="CLARABUTT"/>
<interp inst="def1-475-19050529" type="given" value="FRANK"/>
<interp inst="def1-475-19050529" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FRANK CLARABUTT</hi> (36)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-475-19050529" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-475-19050529" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-475-19050529" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def2-475-19050529" type="surname" value="BONNING"/>
<interp inst="def2-475-19050529" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE BONNING</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t19050529-475-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-475-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-475-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Conspiring together to cheat and defraud
<persName id="t19050529-name-183" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-183" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-183" type="surname" value="ISRAEL"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-183" type="given" value="ABRAHAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050529-475-offence-1 t19050529-name-183"/>Abraham Israel</persName> and another.</rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CLARABUTT</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19050529-475-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050529-475-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-475-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MUIR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEYCESTER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEORGE ELLIOTT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended</hi> Bonning.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-184" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-184" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-184" type="surname" value="CLARABUTT"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-184" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK CLARABUTT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner</hi>). I was a clerk in the service of Mr. Sidford, who keeps the accounts of Israel & Joel—from time to time I checked the Sold Ledger which was kept by Jenn. [
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ELLIOTT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">objected to all evidence, as against his client, where connection was not shown with him, and submitted that neither Jenn's entries, nor any agreement between Jenn and the witness would affect Bonning. The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">held that upon a charge of conspiracy the evidence was admissible unless it could not be traced to Bonning.</hi>]—looking at the exhibit referring to Bonning, I find a credit entry on July 16th of £20 14s. 3d., and empties, £1 4s., making £21 18s. 3d., in Jenns writing—this invoice of July 16th is such an account as in regular course is made out from the debit entries in the ledger—the effect of those entries is to wipe out Bonning's indebted
<lb/>ness of £21 18s. 3d.—that amount is entered as if paid by cheque—I was employed exclusively in the office of Israel & Joel—I am Well ac
<lb/>quainted with their course of business, the keeping of their books, and so on—in the same account I find under the date of December 7th. "Cheque, £17 5s. 1
<hi rend="italic">d"</hi>—on January 21st there is a similar credit of £29 8s. 4d. and empties, £1 2s.—those would wipe out Bonning's indebtedness to that extent—part of my duty was to check the ledger with another clerk</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190505290044"/>
<p>Coleman, who called out the entries from the Day Book—many items were called out which were not entered in the Sold Ledger—I ticked the items in the ledger—I did not call Coleman's attention to the absence of items, but passed them as if they were there—those items are in red ink in the second and third pages of the exhibit produced—for passing those omissions I should have received from Jenn half of the half he got, the customer taking the other half. [
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEYCESTER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">stated that the fictitious credits and omissions in Bonning's account amounted to</hi> £239 4s. 3d.]—I cannot state whether that is the correct figure; I have not been through it—I received my share from Jenn in different pay
<lb/>ments from time to time.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The first time I saw Bonning was at Bow Street Police Court—I never received a penny from him, nor gave him a penny—I never had the slightest communication with him with regard to these accounts.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-185" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-185" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-185" type="surname" value="SIDFORD"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-185" type="given" value="EDWING GUY"/>EDWING GUY SIDFORD</persName> </hi>. I have prepared from the books of Israel & Joel, and documents in their possession, this correct exhibit, showing in black ink the true entries, and in red ink the false entries—I have also examined the Counterfoil Receipt Books with the Cash Book and the Ledger—the red ink entries are not entered in the Sold Ledger, but they are entered in the Day Book—I produce the sale tickets relating to those items—the sale tickets form the foundation of the Day Book—I find a sale ticket for each omitted item, or else a Midland Railway pass which relates to goods of Israel & Joel in the possession of the railway company, and is an order for delivery from them—the railway pass leaves Israel & Joel's possession; the sale ticket does not—I find no docu
<lb/>ments produced by the police between January 6th and May 5th, 1904, the period covering the item of £62—there is an unreceipted account for the false credit—I find receipts between July 23rd and November 5th, during which time there are no false entries—there is a payment on November 19th, which settles up to November 5th—I find receipts for the true entries, but none for the fictitious ones—the books show that Bonning benefited by this double system of falsification to the extent of £239 4s. 3d.—I produce the sale notes.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-186" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-186" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-186" type="surname" value="GOTHARD"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-186" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY GOTHARD</persName> </hi>. I am a cashier in the service of Israel & Joel and have been since April 18th, 1904—when I received money in pay
<lb/>ment of bills I entered it in the Receipt Book—I invariably gave a receipt on a printed form—I filled in the amount in the counterfoil—I afterwards entered the amount in the Rough Cash Book from the counterfoil—the Rough Cash Book was given to Jenn, in order that he might make from it a Fair Copy Cash Book—I gave receipts for all the amounts received from Bonning and entered them in the Cash Book.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> John Israel was cashier of the Russell Street de
<lb/>partment from March to December, 1904—retail customers deal at either shop—John Israel was cashier previous to my going to Israel & Joel's in 1904.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-187" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-187" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-187" type="surname" value="ISRAEL"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-187" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN ISRAEL</persName> </hi>. I am a son of Mr. Israel, a partner in the firm of Israel & Joel—I was cashier at Russell Street up to December 31st, and during</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190505290045"/>
<p>the whole of 1904—my custom was to give receipts for money received by me as cashier on a printed form of the firm—I entered those payments in the Rough Cash Book every day—all payments made to me were entered in that way.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was the only cashier at that time—my brother Michael was at the other shop—I gave up my position as cashier because I did not want the situation of cashier and salesman, when I could not do either right; there was too much to do—I cannot say if I sent Bonning's receipts on; he very seldom paid me—I never had a cheque from him—he always paid with other people's cheques—I made the receipt out for cash—accounts were sent out every Saturday by Jenn or Clarabutt—I believe a boy used to write the wrappers—Jenn or Clarabutt sent out the invoices to customers with an account of the order, or "Account rendered" on the top of it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I made my cash up every night—the Cash Book is always checked with the counterfoil receipts—for cheques by post I sent receipts by post—if busy, I have said to a customer, "I will send the receipt by post"—I would send it in the same form—the Cash Book would agree with the Counterfoil Receipt Book.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-188" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-188" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-188" type="surname" value="GOSLER"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-188" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH GOSLER</persName> </hi>. I was cashier for Israel & Joel between January 1st and March 25th, 1905, at 6, Russell Street, Covent Garden—I gave receipts on the authorised form of the firm only, and entered them in the Rough Cash Book which I knew would be checked with the counterfoil forms—the Receipt Book would go into the office for the purpose of being checked—I balanced my cash every night.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-189" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050529-name-189" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-189" type="surname" value="DEW"/>
<interp inst="t19050529-name-189" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER DEW</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective-Inspector</hi>). I was entrusted with a warrant for the arrest of Bonning on May 4th—I went that evening about 8 o'clock to Crawford Street, Marylebone, where I found Bonning carrying on business at No. 39 as a greengrocer—I drove there in a trap with a man named Hawkins, and with Michael Israel—I left Hawkins in the trap, and Michael Israel went in while I waited outside—while waiting outside I spoke to Bonning's son, and in consequence of what he said I went to a public house—I returned to 39, Crawford Street, and searched the premises—in consequence of what Hawkins told me I looked about the neighbourhood—I did not find Bonning—in the first floor back room of the house, used as a kitchen, I found some documents and the receipts produced, including the account for £21 18s. 3d.—I showed them to Mr. Sidford—some of the papers were in a drawer, and some in a pocket—I remained till after 11 o'clock, and then left someone to keep observation—I saw nothing of Bonning while I was there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I went to serve the warrant on a Thursday—Callaghan arrested Bonning on the Saturday—he surrendered to the sergeant—I believe there was an appointment—Bonning's documents were kept in a disorderly manner—I am told he has an extensive business—I found no books—I think the business has degenerated.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050529-name-190" type="witnessName">