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<div1 type="frontMatter" id="f19050206">
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<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</p>
<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>POUND, MAYOR.</p>
<p>FOURTH SESSION, HELD FEBRUARY 6TH, 1905.</p>
<p>MINUTES OF EVIDENCE,</p>
<p>TAKEN IN SHORTHAND BY</p>
<p>ALFRED FITZGERALD DALTON,</p>
<p>Official Shorthand Writer to the Court,</p>
<p>ROLLS CHAMBERS, No. 89, CHANCERY LANE.</p>
<p>(For many years with the late firm of Messrs. BARNETT & BUCKLER.)</p>
<p>LONDON:</p>
<p>STEVENS AND SONS, LIMITED, 119, CHANCERY LANE,</p>
<p>Law Booksellers and Publishers.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190502060002"/>
<p>THE</p>
<p>WHOLE PROCEEDINGS</p>
<p>On the King's Commission of</p>
<p>OYER AND TERMINER AND GAOL DELIVERY</p>
<p>FOR</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>AND GAOL DELIVERY FOR THE</p>
<p>COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX, AND THE PARTS OF THE COUNTIES OF ESSEX, KENT, AND SURREY WITHIN THE JURISDICTION</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT,</p>
<p>Held on Monday, February 6th, 1905, and following days.</p>
<p>Before the Right Hon.
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-1" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-1" type="surname" value="POUND"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-1" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN POUND</persName>, LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; the Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-2" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-2" type="surname" value="DARLING"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-2" type="given" value="CHARLES JOHN"/>CHARLES JOHN DARLING</persName> </hi>, Knight, one of the Justices of His Majesty's High Court; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-3" type="surname" value="HANSON"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-3" type="given" value="REGINALD"/>REGINALD HANSON</persName> </hi>, Bart., M.A., LLD F.S.A., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-4" type="surname" value="WILKIN"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-4" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER WILKIN</persName> </hi>, K.C.M.G., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-5" type="surname" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-5" type="given" value="MARCUS"/>MARCUS SAMUEL</persName> </hi>, Bart Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">FORREST FULTON</hi>, Knight, K.C. Recorder of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-6" type="surname" value="TRUSCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-6" type="given" value="GEORGE WYATT"/>GEORGE WYATT TRUSCOTT</persName> </hi>, Knight
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS BOOR CROSBY</hi>, M.D., and
<hi rend="smallCaps">W.
<persName id="t19050206-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-7" type="surname" value="GUTHRIE"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-7" type="given" value="MURRAY"/>MURRAY GUTHRIE</persName> </hi>, Esq., M.P. other of the Aldermen of the said City,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-8" type="surname" value="BOSANQUET"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-8" type="given" value="FREDERICK ALBERT"/>FREDERICK ALBERT BOSANQUET</persName> </hi>, Esq., K.C., Common Serjeant of the said City;
<persName id="t19050206-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-9" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-9" type="given" value="LUMLEY"/>Lumley Smith</persName>, Esq., K.C., Judge of the City of London Court; and his
<persName id="t19050206-name-10" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-10" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-10" type="surname" value="JUDGE"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-10" type="given" value="HONOUR"/>Honour Judge</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RENTOUL</hi>, K.C., Commissioner; His Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery, holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-11" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-11" type="surname" value="STRONG"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-11" type="given" value="THOMAS VESEY"/>THOMAS VESEY STRONG</persName> </hi>, Esq., Alderman.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-12" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-12" type="surname" value="WOODMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-12" type="given" value="GEORGE JOSEPH"/>GEORGE JOSEPH WOODMAN</persName> </hi>, Esq., J.P.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-13" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-13" type="surname" value="HOWSE"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-13" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>FRANCIS HOWSE</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-14" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-14" type="surname" value="TIMBRELL"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-14" type="given" value="ANDREW WILLIAM"/>ANDREW WILLIAM TIMBRELL</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
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<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">POUND, MAYOR. FOURTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that the prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—a dagger</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, February</hi> 6
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1905.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<p>162.
<persName id="def1-162-19050206" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-162-19050206" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-162-19050206" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-162-19050206" type="surname" value="BRODIE"/>
<interp inst="def1-162-19050206" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE BRODIE</hi> (30)</persName>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19050206-162-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-162-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-162-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t19050206-162-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-162-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-162-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>to stealing a cheque book, the property of
<persName id="t19050206-name-16" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-16" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-16" type="surname" value="BARRINGTON"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-16" type="given" value="CECIL JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050206-162-offence-1 t19050206-name-16"/>Cecil James Barrington</persName>;</rs>
<rs id="t19050206-162-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-162-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-162-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>also to obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t19050206-name-17" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-17" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-17" type="surname" value="BRAMPTON"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-17" type="given" value="HENRY GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050206-162-offence-2 t19050206-name-17"/>Henry George Brampton</persName> a scarf, a brooch, and a pin, with intent to defraud, having been convicted of felony at this Court on October 24th, 1898, in the name of
<persName id="t19050206-name-18" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-18" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-18" type="surname" value="LYSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-18" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050206-162-offence-2 t19050206-name-18"/>George Lyster</persName>.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">Two other con
<lb/>viction were proved against him.
<rs id="t19050206-162-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-162-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-162-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-162-19050206 t19050206-162-punishment-1"/>Eighteen months' hard labour.</rs> </hi></p> </div1>
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<p>(163.)
<persName id="def1-163-19050206" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-163-19050206" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-163-19050206" type="age" value="43"/>
<interp inst="def1-163-19050206" type="surname" value="FITZGERALD"/>
<interp inst="def1-163-19050206" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PATRICK FITZGERALD</hi> (43)</persName>
<rs id="t19050206-163-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-163-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-163-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, to a burglary in the dwelling house of
<persName id="t19050206-name-20" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-20" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-20" type="surname" value="STEWART"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-20" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050206-163-offence-1 t19050206-name-20"/>Ellen Stewart</persName>, and stealing a silver rattle, and other goods, her pro
<lb/>perty; also to unlawfully assaulting
<persName id="t19050206-name-21" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-21" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-21" type="surname" value="FINN"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-21" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050206-163-offence-1 t19050206-name-21"/>Charles Finn</persName>, a Metropolitan police constable, in the execution of his duty;</rs>
<rs id="t19050206-163-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-163-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-163-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>also to being found by night with house-breaking tools in his possession without lawful excuse, having been convicted of felony at the Guildhall, Westminster, on April 13th, 1901.</rs>
<rs id="t19050206-163-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-163-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-163-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>Eleven other convictions were proved against him, and he had one year and eighty one days to serve.
<rs id="t19050206-163-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-163-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-163-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-163-19050206 t19050206-163-punishment-2"/>Five years' penal servitude.</rs></p> </div1>
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<p>(164.)
<persName id="def1-164-19050206" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-164-19050206" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-164-19050206" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-164-19050206" type="surname" value="NOLAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-164-19050206" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE NOLAN</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t19050206-164-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-164-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-164-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, to unlawfully attempting to break and enter a shop belonging to
<persName id="t19050206-name-23" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-23" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050206-164-offence-1 t19050206-name-23"/>the British Tea Table Company</persName> with intent to steal goods and monies therein;</rs>
<rs id="t19050206-164-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-164-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-164-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>also to having in his possession by night house-breaking implements without lawful excuse.</rs>
<rs id="t19050206-164-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-164-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-164-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t19050206-164-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-164-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-164-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-164-19050206 t19050206-164-punishment-3"/>Nine months' hard labour</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19050206-165" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050206"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-165" type="date" value="19050206"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050206-165-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-165-19050206 t19050206-165-offence-1 t19050206-165-verdict-1"/>
<p>(165.)
<persName id="def1-165-19050206" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-165-19050206" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-165-19050206" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-165-19050206" type="surname" value="FULLER"/>
<interp inst="def1-165-19050206" type="given" value="HARRIETT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRIETT FULLER</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t19050206-165-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-165-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-165-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>, to having been entrusted with £1 by
<persName id="t19050206-name-25" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-25" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-25" type="surname" value="RIGHELATO"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-25" type="given" value="LILLIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050206-165-offence-1 t19050206-name-25"/>Lillie Righelato</persName> in order that she might purchase milk, did fraudulently convert 19s. 11 1/2 d. of that money to her own use and benefit.</rs>
<rs id="t19050206-165-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-165-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-165-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t19050206-165-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-165-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-165-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-165-19050206 t19050206-165-punishment-4"/>
<hi rend="italic">Three days' imprisonment.</hi> </rs></p> </div1>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050206-166-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-166-19050206 t19050206-166-offence-1 t19050206-166-verdict-1"/>
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<p>(166.)
<persName id="def1-166-19050206" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-166-19050206" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-166-19050206" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-166-19050206" type="surname" value="PIZZEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-166-19050206" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS PIZZEY</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t19050206-166-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-166-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-166-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, to unlawfully obtain
<lb/>ing by false pretences from
<persName id="t19050206-name-27" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-27" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-27" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-27" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050206-166-offence-1 t19050206-name-27"/>Harry Wright</persName> and
<persName id="t19050206-name-28" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-28" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-28" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-28" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050206-166-offence-1 t19050206-name-28"/>James Smith</persName> and others 800 feet of copper tubing with intent to defraud;</rs>
<rs id="t19050206-166-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-166-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-166-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to forging and uttering, knowing it to be forged, an order for certain copper tubing with intent to defraud.</rs>
<rs id="t19050206-166-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-166-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-166-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">He received a good character.
<rs id="t19050206-166-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-166-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-166-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-166-19050206 t19050206-166-punishment-5"/>Three months in the Second Division.</rs> </hi>—And</p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190502060004"/>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050206-167">
<interp inst="t19050206-167" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050206"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-167" type="date" value="19050206"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050206-167-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-167-19050206 t19050206-167-offence-1 t19050206-167-verdict-1"/>
<p>(167.)
<persName id="def1-167-19050206" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-167-19050206" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-167-19050206" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-167-19050206" type="surname" value="RICHARDSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-167-19050206" type="given" value="WILLIAM ALBERT BOYCE"/>
<interp inst="def1-167-19050206" type="occupation" value="Post Office"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM ALBERT BOYCE RICHARD
<lb/>SON</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t19050206-167-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-167-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-167-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, to stealing, whilst employed under the Post Office a post letter containing a postal order for 13s., the property of
<persName id="t19050206-name-30" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-30" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050206-167-offence-1 t19050206-name-30"/>the Postmaster-General</persName>.</rs>
<rs id="t19050206-167-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-167-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-167-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t19050206-167-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-167-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-167-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-167-19050206 t19050206-167-punishment-6"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050206-168">
<interp inst="t19050206-168" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050206"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-168" type="date" value="19050206"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050206-168-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-168-19050206 t19050206-168-offence-1 t19050206-168-verdict-1"/>
<p>168.
<persName id="def1-168-19050206" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-168-19050206" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-168-19050206" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-168-19050206" type="surname" value="RUDMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-168-19050206" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY RUDMAN</hi> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t19050206-168-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-168-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-168-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>, Unlawfully converting to his own use and benefit £12, part of £15 in gold, which was entrusted to him for a certain purpose.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROACH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-32" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-32" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-32" type="surname" value="WEATHERLY"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-32" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>HERBERT WEATHERLY</persName> </hi>. I live at 268, City Road, and am the licensee of the Macclesfield Arms—I know the prisoner—on December 23rd I gave him £15 in gold to change into silver for me—I told him I was in hurry for the change—he brought me back £3 out of the £15. and said, "I will bring you back the other £12 as fast as I can"—he did not return—I next saw him when he was arrested, at Shepherdess Walk police station about thirteen days afterwards—when I charged him he offered to pay me back 5s. a week.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-33" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-33" type="surname" value="COX"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-33" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL COX</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective-Sergeant G.</hi>) On January 6th, from informa
<lb/>tion I received, I arrested the prisoner—I told him I should arrest him for stealing £12, the money of Herbert Weatherly, as larceny bailee—he said, "I am very sorry; can't I come to terms with him? I have been out of work for a long time, and it was a great temptation "I cautioned him, and said that whatever he said I should use in evidence against him—we arrived at the station, and he said, "I got robbed at the White Lion public-house; I was drugged"—he was charged, and made no reply—the White Lion is at the corner of Upper Street, Islington.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> Before the Magistrate I stated that you said, "I have been on the drink for a week"—I took down what you said—this is my note—I made it as soon as I got to the station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-34" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-34" type="surname" value="COY"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-34" type="given" value="ROBERT CECIL"/>ROBERT CECIL COY</persName> </hi>. I keep the Northampton Arms, 205, Goswell Road—on December 23rd I saw the prisoner—I have known him casually for the last six or seven years—I saw him in my house between 7 and 7.30 p.m.—as soon as he saw me in the business part of the house he said, "Can you let me have some change?" meaning silver for gold—I said, "Yes, certainly; what do you want?"—he said, "£2 worth—I handed him 40s. worth of silver in exchange for two sovereigns—he said "Can you oblige me with any more later on in the evening?"—my reply was, "How much do you really require?"—his response was, "Could you let me have £5 worth?"—I said, "Yes"—he accordingly gave me back the £2 worth in silver and three sovereigns, and I handed him in exchange a £5 bag of silver which I had received from the bank uncounted—the Macclesfield Arms is about 500 yards from my house—I know there is a house called the White Lion at Islington, but that is all—it is about two minutes further from my house than the Maccles
<lb/>field Arms.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190502060005"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-35" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-35" type="surname" value="WEATHERLY"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-35" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>HERBERT WEATHERLY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined).</hi> The prisoner brought me the £3 about five or six minutes past seven—he did not tell me where he had got the change from—he did not say that Mr. Coy had given him £5 in silver in a bag—he got the £3 from somebody else—I do not know where he got it, but the times do not correspond—he had the £12 in gold in his hand when he brought back the £3.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">R. C. COY</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined).</hi> The prisoner remained in the house for five or ten minutes after I gave him the change.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-36" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-36" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-36" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-36" type="given" value="ELIZABETRH REBECCA"/>ELIZABETRH REBECCA WHITE</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of John Frost White, who keeps the Oakley Arms—I knew the prisoner as a customer before December 23rd—on that day, between 8 and 9 p.m., he came to our house and asked me if I would oblige him by changing £5 in silver into £5 in gold—he gave me £5 in a bank paper bag—I gave him five sovereigns—I did not see what he did after I had given him the money—I am sure he is the man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner.</hi> I do not recollect going into your house at all.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-37" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-37" type="surname" value="MOGG"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-37" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE MOGG</persName> </hi>. I am a watchmaker, of 23, New Charles Street, Goswell Road—I knew the prisoner well on December 23rd—on that day I was a the Oakley Arms about 9 p.m.—I saw the prisoner there—he asked me to have a drink—I said. "No"—he protested—I said to the barmaid, "Give me a cigar," and I had one—he appeared to have plenty of money—he was asking everybody to have a drink—he had had a drink or two himself, evidently—I should not call him drunk, and I should not say he was so drunk that he would be likely not to recollect that he had set been there at all.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner.</hi> I do not recollect seeing you there at all.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-38" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-38" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-38" type="surname" value="PHIPPENG"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-38" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE PHIPPENG</persName> </hi>. I am manager of the White Lion, in Islington; it is shout a mile from the Macclesfield Arms—I do not know the prisoner; I only saw him at Worship Street—I do not remember if he was in my house on December 23rd—I know nothing of a robbery which is said to have taken place at my house on that night—if a man had been drugged there it would be bound to come to my notice.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner's statement before the Magistrate:</hi> "When I got the £5 of silver from the boy I went into the house and changed a sovereign here and a sovereign here and a sovereign there. In one house I asked for a bag to put some silver, and I was given one and put £4 of silver in it. I then went to the White Lion, Islington, to get it all changed, and there I was robbed of all I had except one sovereign. That is all I know about it."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence on oath, said that the prosecutor asked him a get the change as he was short-handed and wanted it at once; that he got £3 worth, which he took to the prosecutor and said he would get the rest as soon as possible: that he went to several public-houses for change; that he was the worse for drink; that he went into the White Lion; that some girls got round him there and he, was robbed; that he did not remember going home or what had happened till next morning, when he found the money gone; and that he did not know if he was drugged or not.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19050206-168-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-168-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-168-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">One previous conviction was proved against him.
<rs id="t19050206-168-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-168-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-168-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-168-19050206 t19050206-168-punishment-7"/>Twelve months' hard labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190502060006"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, February</hi> 6
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1905.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050206-169">
<interp inst="t19050206-169" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050206"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-169" type="date" value="19050206"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050206-169-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-169-19050206 t19050206-169-offence-1 t19050206-169-verdict-1"/>
<p>169.
<persName id="def1-169-19050206" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-169-19050206" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-169-19050206" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-169-19050206" type="surname" value="RICE"/>
<interp inst="def1-169-19050206" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALTER RICE</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t19050206-169-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-169-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-169-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Feloniously uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PARTRIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BURNIE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-40" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-40" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-40" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-40" type="given" value="ALFRED EDWARD"/>ALFRED EDWARD BAKER</persName> </hi>. I live at 27, Spencer Street, Islington, where my mother keeps a sweet shop—I am employed at an ironmonger's—on January 19th I served the prisoner about 7 p.m. with 1d. worth of sweets—he tendered this half-crown, which I noticed wax bad—I took it to my mother, who came into the shop and told the prisoner he knew it was bad—he gave me a penny and said he did not know that he had given me a bad half-crown, he had got it at a public-house—I know the half-crown by its brightness, and by a nick over the date—he went away rather hurriedly—about an hour afterwards I went to the police station at Upper Street, Islington, with mother, and the prisoner was sitting in the corner—I recognised him at once.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-41" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-41" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-41" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-41" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>LOUISA BAKER</persName> </hi>. I am the mother of the last witness—I keep a small general shop at Spencer Street, Islington—my boy brought me a bad half-crown, and I went into the shop and said to the prisoner, "You ought to be ashamed of yourself to try and pass bad money"—he mumbled something and went into the street—I followed to see where he went—I saw him detained at the station about an hour afterwards—I said, "That is the man who has been trying to pass a bad half-crown"—he said, "You are mistaken; I am sure I was not there."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BURNIE</hi>. He did not say, "I did not think it was bad"—I was cross—I thought he had done it purposely—having paid my boy, he left in a hurry.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-42" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-42" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-42" type="surname" value="HAHN"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-42" type="given" value="ROSE"/>ROSE HAHN</persName> </hi>. My mother keeps a provision shop in the New North Road—on January 19th I served the prisoner with a 1d. cheese cake between 7 and 8 p.m.—he tendered this half-crown, which I picked up off the counter—I asked him if he had any smaller change—he said, "No"—I went to two or three places to get it changed—I went to the Kenilworth Castle public-house, where Mr. Hibbs called the landlord, Mr. Levy, and we all went back to my mother.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I left my smaller sister in the parlour to look after the shop—I was away about five minutes—when I returned the prisoner was still in the shop.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-43" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-43" type="surname" value="HIBBS"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-43" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST HIBBS</persName> </hi>. I am barman at the Kenilworth Castle, New North Road—on January 19th Rose Hahn brought me this half-crown, which I found was bad, and sent for the landlord, Mr. Levy.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-44" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-44" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-44" type="surname" value="LEVY"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-44" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY LEVY</persName> </hi>. I am landlord of the Kenilworth Castle—Hibbs showed me this half-crown when Rose Hahn was in the house—I broke it—I took it and went with her to her mother's place, where I asked the prisoner if he could give me a reasonable explanation of giving it to the child—he said, "Is it bad?"—I said, "Yes, very bad; you had better turn your pockets out"—he did so—he had only a penny and a halfpenny—I told him that was not a reasonable explanation, and called a police-con
<lb/>stable, and gave him into custody.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190502060007"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-45" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-45" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-45" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM MOORE</persName> </hi> (183
<hi rend="italic">M.</hi>) I was called to this shop in the New North Road on January 19th, which is about 300 yards from 27, Spencer Street, Islington, where I saw Levy, the little girl, the prisoner, and this bad half-crown—Levy said, "This man has given a bad half-crown, and he cannot give me a reasonable excuse why he gave this little girl the hall-crown"—the prisoner made no reply—I asked the prisoner if he tendered it—he said "Yes"—I said, "Why did you?"—he said, "Because I had no smaller change"—I searched him and found three-halfpence on him—I took him to the police station and charged him with trying to pass a bad half-crown to Hahn, knowing it to be bad—he said, "I had no intention to cheat or defraud"—when Mrs. Baker came into the station, she said, "This is the man that came into my shop."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-46" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-46" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-46" type="given" value="WILIAM JOHN"/>WILIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Coin to His Majesty's Mint—this half-crown is counterfeit.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner's statement before the Magistrate: "In the first case I gave the publican my name and address before he fetched the policeman. I told the police my name and address, and told them I got the change in a public-house. The girl did not tell me it was bad. She went out, and the publican came back with her. I do not think I went to the first place at all. I do not think I did go."</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19050206-169-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-169-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-169-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">of uttering to Hahn.
<rs id="t19050206-169-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-169-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-169-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-169-19050206 t19050206-169-punishment-8"/>Six months' hard labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, February</hi> 7
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1905.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050206-170">
<interp inst="t19050206-170" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050206"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-170" type="date" value="19050206"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050206-170-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-170-19050206 t19050206-170-offence-1 t19050206-170-verdict-1"/>
<p>170.
<persName id="def1-170-19050206" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-170-19050206" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-170-19050206" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-170-19050206" type="surname" value="BACON"/>
<interp inst="def1-170-19050206" type="given" value="FRANK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FRANK BACON</hi> (26)</persName>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19050206-170-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-170-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-170-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t19050206-170-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-170-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-170-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>to forging and uttering an order for the payment of £30 with intent to defraud.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">The police stated that there were several warrants against the prisoner in the country. The Recorder said that as he knew nothing about any of the other cases he would sentence the prisoner only for the one before him.
<rs id="t19050206-170-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-170-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-170-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-170-19050206 t19050206-170-punishment-9"/>Nine months' hard labour.</rs> </hi></p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050206-171">
<interp inst="t19050206-171" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050206"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-171" type="date" value="19050206"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050206-171-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-171-19050206 t19050206-171-offence-1 t19050206-171-verdict-1"/>
<p>(171.)
<persName id="def1-171-19050206" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-171-19050206" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-171-19050206" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-171-19050206" type="surname" value="ANDREWS"/>
<interp inst="def1-171-19050206" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED ANDREWS</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t19050206-171-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-171-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-171-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, to stealing a box and eight dozen smoked haddocks, the property of
<persName id="t19050206-name-49" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-49" type="surname" value="ROE"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-49" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050206-171-offence-1 t19050206-name-49"/>Charles Roe</persName>, having been convicted of felony at this Court on September 18th, 1903.</rs>
<rs id="t19050206-171-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-171-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-171-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">Two summary convictions were proved against him.
<rs id="t19050206-171-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-171-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-171-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-171-19050206 t19050206-171-punishment-10"/>Three months' hard labour.</rs> </hi></p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050206-172">
<interp inst="t19050206-172" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050206"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-172" type="date" value="19050206"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050206-172-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-172-19050206 t19050206-172-offence-1 t19050206-172-verdict-1"/>
<p>(172.)
<persName id="def1-172-19050206" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-172-19050206" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-172-19050206" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-172-19050206" type="surname" value="FRANK"/>
<interp inst="def1-172-19050206" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ERNEST FRANK</hi> (36)</persName>
<rs id="t19050206-172-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-172-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-172-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, to unlawfully obtaining 15s. from
<persName id="t19050206-name-51" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-51" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-51" type="surname" value="HEILAND"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-51" type="given" value="OTTO"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050206-172-offence-1 t19050206-name-51"/>Otto Heiland</persName> by false pretences with intent to defraud, having been convicted of obtaining money by false pretences at Clerkenwell Green on April 26th, 1904.</rs>
<rs id="t19050206-172-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-172-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-172-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t19050206-172-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-172-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-172-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-172-19050206 t19050206-172-punishment-11"/>
<hi rend="italic">Nine months' hard labour.</hi> </rs></p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050206-173">
<interp inst="t19050206-173" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050206"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-173" type="date" value="19050206"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050206-173-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-173-19050206 t19050206-173-offence-1 t19050206-173-verdict-1"/>
<p>(173.)
<persName id="def1-173-19050206" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-173-19050206" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-173-19050206" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-173-19050206" type="surname" value="HORNE"/>
<interp inst="def1-173-19050206" type="given" value="WILSON"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILSON HORNE</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t19050206-173-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-173-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-173-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>, to feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19050206-name-53" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-53" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-53" type="surname" value="DALLINGER"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-53" type="given" value="HARRIET ROSE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050206-173-offence-1 t19050206-name-53"/>Harriet Rose Dallinger</persName>, his wife being alive.</rs>
<rs id="t19050206-173-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-173-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-173-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t19050206-173-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-173-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-173-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-173-19050206 t19050206-173-punishment-12"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve months, hard labour.</hi> </rs></p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050206-174">
<interp inst="t19050206-174" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050206"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-174" type="date" value="19050206"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050206-174-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-174-19050206 t19050206-174-offence-1 t19050206-174-verdict-1"/>
<p>(174.)
<persName id="def1-174-19050206" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-174-19050206" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-174-19050206" type="surname" value="NEWMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-174-19050206" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRY NEWMAN</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t19050206-174-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-174-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-174-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, to stealing a puree and 6s., the property of
<persName id="t19050206-name-55" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-55" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-55" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050206-174-offence-1 t19050206-name-55"/>John Wilson</persName>, from the person of
<persName id="t19050206-name-56" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-56" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-56" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-56" type="given" value="EMILY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050206-174-offence-1 t19050206-name-56"/>Emily Wilson</persName>, having been convicted of felony at this Court on January 15th, 1900, in the name of
<persName id="t19050206-name-57" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-57" type="surname" value="VINE"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-57" type="given" value="ALFRED AUSTIN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050206-174-offence-1 t19050206-name-57"/>Alfred Austin. Vine</persName> </rs>
<rs id="t19050206-174-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-174-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-174-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">other convictions were proved against him.
<rs id="t19050206-174-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-174-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-174-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-174-19050206 t19050206-174-punishment-13"/>Twelve months, hard labour.</rs> </hi></p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050206-175">
<interp inst="t19050206-175" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050206"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-175" type="date" value="19050206"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050206-175-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-175-19050206 t19050206-175-offence-1 t19050206-175-verdict-1"/>
<p>(175.)
<persName id="def1-175-19050206" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-175-19050206" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-175-19050206" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-175-19050206" type="surname" value="ROGERS"/>
<interp inst="def1-175-19050206" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS ROGERS</hi> (35),
<rs id="t19050206-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-175-19050206 t19050206-alias-1"/>otherwise
<hi rend="largeCaps">REINHARDT</hi> </rs> </persName>
<rs id="t19050206-175-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-175-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-175-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/>, to attempting to break and enter the dwelling house of
<persName id="t19050206-name-59" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-59" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-59" type="surname" value="MANBY"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-59" type="given" value="ARTHUR JOSEPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050206-175-offence-1 t19050206-name-59"/>Arthur Joseph Manby</persName>.</rs>
<rs id="t19050206-175-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-175-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-175-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">One previous conviction was proved against him.
<rs id="t19050206-175-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-175-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-175-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-175-19050206 t19050206-175-punishment-14"/>Twelve months, hard labour.</rs> </hi></p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050206-176">
<interp inst="t19050206-176" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050206"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-176" type="date" value="19050206"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050206-176-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-176-19050206 t19050206-176-offence-1 t19050206-176-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190502060008"/>
<p>(176.)
<persName id="def1-176-19050206" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-176-19050206" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-176-19050206" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-176-19050206" type="surname" value="HAYWOOD"/>
<interp inst="def1-176-19050206" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR HAYWOOD</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t19050206-176-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-176-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-176-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, to stealing a watch, the property of
<persName id="t19050206-name-61" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-61" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-61" type="surname" value="LINDARS"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-61" type="given" value="ALFRED EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050206-176-offence-1 t19050206-name-61"/>Alfred Edward Lindars</persName>, from his person, having been convicted of felony at this Court on October 19th, 1903, as
<persName id="t19050206-name-62">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-62" type="surname" value="HAYWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-62" type="given" value="BARTHOLOMEW"/>Bartholomew Haywood</persName>.</rs>
<rs id="t19050206-176-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-176-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-176-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">Six other convictions were proved against him.
<rs id="t19050206-176-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-176-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-176-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-176-19050206 t19050206-176-punishment-15"/>Twelve months, hard labour</rs> </hi>—And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050206-177">
<interp inst="t19050206-177" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050206"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-177" type="date" value="19050206"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050206-177-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-177-19050206 t19050206-177-offence-1 t19050206-177-verdict-1"/>
<p>(177.)
<persName id="def1-177-19050206" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-177-19050206" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-177-19050206" type="age" value="43"/>
<interp inst="def1-177-19050206" type="surname" value="KENNY"/>
<interp inst="def1-177-19050206" type="given" value="HENRY EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY EDWARD KENNY</hi>,
<rs id="t19050206-alias-2" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-177-19050206 t19050206-alias-2"/>
<hi rend="italic">otherwise</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BATCHELOR</hi> </rs> (43)</persName>
<rs id="t19050206-177-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-177-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-177-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>, to feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19050206-name-64" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-64" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-64" type="surname" value="SHAPLAND"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-64" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050206-177-offence-1 t19050206-name-64"/>Annie Shapland</persName>, his wife being alive. </rs>
<rs id="t19050206-177-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-177-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-177-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t19050206-177-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-177-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-177-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-177-19050206 t19050206-177-punishment-16"/>
<hi rend="italic">One month in the Second Division.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<p>178.
<persName id="t19050206-name-65">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-65" type="surname" value="COYNE"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-65" type="given" value="HAROLD MARTIN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HAROLD MARTIN COYNE</hi> </persName>. (
<hi rend="italic">See page</hi> 323.)
<hi rend="italic">Mr. Leycester now produced two affidavits, one by Mr. Vicary and the other by Mr. Freke Palmer, and stated that they were substantially in agreement. He submitted that the learned Alderman could not be said to have refused to commit on the charges for obtaining by false pretences; that in his (counsel's) own view the proper description of what the prisoner had done was to obtain money by false pretences and that if he had not done that he had not done anything. Mr. Hutton submitted that as nothing was said about the false pretences before the Magistrate those counts ought to be quashed, and that if the prosecutors had wished to proceed with those charges they could have asked to be bound over to prosecute under the Vexatious Indictment Act. The Recorder stated that he did not think he would be justified in putting the defendant in peril on the counts charging false pretences, and he would there
<lb/>fore quash those counts, viz.</hi>, 2, 3, 5, 6, 8, 9, 11, 12, 14, 15, 17, and 18.</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050206-179">
<interp inst="t19050206-179" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050206"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-179" type="date" value="19050206"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050206-179-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-179-19050206 t19050206-179-offence-1 t19050206-179-verdict-1"/>
<p>179.
<persName id="def1-179-19050206" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-179-19050206" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-179-19050206" type="surname" value="COYNE"/>
<interp inst="def1-179-19050206" type="given" value="HAROLD MARTIN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HAROLD MARTIN COYNE</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t19050206-179-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-179-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-179-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bankrupcy"/>was then indicted for obtaining credit to the extent of £25 from
<persName id="t19050206-name-67" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-67" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-67" type="surname" value="COOMBES"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-67" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050206-179-offence-1 t19050206-name-67"/>William Coombes</persName>, the elder, without informing him that he was an undischarged bankrupt.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEYCESTER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">During counsel's opening statement the Recorder said that there was no evidence of obtaining credit, and directed the Jury to return a verdict of</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19050206-179-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-179-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-179-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="directed"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, February</hi> 7
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1906.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050206-180">
<interp inst="t19050206-180" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050206"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-180" type="date" value="19050206"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050206-180-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-180-19050206 t19050206-180-offence-1 t19050206-180-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050206-180-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-180-19050206 t19050206-180-offence-2 t19050206-180-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050206-180-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-180-19050206 t19050206-180-offence-3 t19050206-180-verdict-1"/>
<p>180.
<persName id="def1-180-19050206" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-180-19050206" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-180-19050206" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-180-19050206" type="surname" value="CLARKE"/>
<interp inst="def1-180-19050206" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRY CLARKE</hi> (30)</persName>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19050206-180-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-180-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-180-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t19050206-180-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-180-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-180-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>to burglary in the dwelling house of
<persName id="t19050206-name-69" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-69" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-69" type="surname" value="MITCHELL"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-69" type="given" value="FLORENCE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050206-180-offence-1 t19050206-name-69"/>Florence Mitchell</persName>;</rs>
<rs id="t19050206-180-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-180-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-180-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to unlawfully attempting to force and break open the dwelling house of
<persName id="t19050206-name-70" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-70" type="surname" value="LLOYD"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-70" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050206-180-offence-2 t19050206-name-70"/>Frederick Lloyd</persName>, with intent to steal;</rs>
<rs id="t19050206-180-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-180-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-180-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to breaking and entering the dwelling house of
<persName id="t19050206-name-71" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-71" type="surname" value="BROOKS"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-71" type="given" value="WALTER GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050206-180-offence-3 t19050206-name-71"/>Walter George Brooks</persName> with intent to steal, having been convicted of felony at Clerken
<lb/>well on October 19th, 1896, in the name of
<persName id="t19050206-name-72">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-72" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-72" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-72" type="given" value="HARRY"/>Harry Roberts</persName>. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19050206-180-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-180-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-180-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-180-19050206 t19050206-180-punishment-17"/>Four years' penal servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050206-181">
<interp inst="t19050206-181" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050206"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-181" type="date" value="19050206"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050206-181-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-181-19050206 t19050206-181-offence-1 t19050206-181-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050206-181-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-181-19050206 t19050206-181-offence-1 t19050206-181-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050206-181-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-181-19050206 t19050206-181-offence-1 t19050206-181-verdict-1"/>
<p>181.
<persName id="def1-181-19050206" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-181-19050206" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-181-19050206" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-181-19050206" type="surname" value="WILLIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-181-19050206" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELIZABETH WILLIS</hi>,
<rs id="t19050206-alias-3" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-181-19050206 t19050206-alias-3"/>
<hi rend="italic">otherwise</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GRAY</hi> </rs> (33)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-181-19050206" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-181-19050206" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-181-19050206" type="age" value="41"/>
<interp inst="def2-181-19050206" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def2-181-19050206" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY BROWN</hi> (41)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-181-19050206" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-181-19050206" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-181-19050206" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def3-181-19050206" type="surname" value="GRAY"/>
<interp inst="def3-181-19050206" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM GRAY</hi> (20)</persName>,
<rs id="t19050206-181-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-181-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-181-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>Feloniously making counterfeit coins,</rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM GRAY</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19050206-181-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-181-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-181-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-76" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-76" type="surname" value="GAMBRILL"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-76" type="given" value="GEORLOTTE LEIZABETH"/>GEORLOTTE LEIZABETH GAMBRILL</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Francis Joseph Gambrill, who keeps a tobacconist's shop at 150, Fore Street, Edmonton—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190502060009"/>
<p>on January 4th about 2 p.m. I served William Gray with 2d. worth of Navy Cut tobacco—he tendered this shilling, and I gave him 10d. change—this is the packet of tobacco and it bears my husband's address—I thought the shilling was dirty and kept it separate—in the evening I handed it to Sergeant Roche.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-77" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-77" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-77" type="given" value="ESTHER"/>ESTHER JONES</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Arthur Richard Jones, a tobacconist, of 406, Fore Street, Edmonton—I do not know Mrs. Gambrill's shop, but Fore Street is a very long road—on January 4th I served William Gray with a 1d. packet of Woodbines—he tendered this shilling and I gave him 11d. change—I afterwards bit it and it seemed bad—I ran out of the shop and saw him about 300 yards distant walking very quickly with Willis—I overtook them and said to Gray, "Give me back my 11d.; you can keep the
<hi rend="italic">fags</hi>"—he said, "I have not any; I have not got it"—I said, "Yes, you have; I gave you 11d."—he said, "Take it out of this; I have not any more," and he handed me a two-shilling piece—my husband came up and I told him what had occurred—the change I gave Gray was 6d. in silver and 5d. in coppers.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-78" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-78" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-78" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-78" type="given" value="ARRTHUR RICHARD"/>ARRTHUR RICHARD JONES</persName> </hi>. I am the husband of the last witness—on January 4th I saw my wife follow and speak to Gray and Willis after crying out, "Catch hold of that man"—I gave Gray into custody and ton a policeman to stop Willis—my wife handed me this coin, and I put on it my initials, "A. J.," and took it to the police station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-79" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-79" type="surname" value="DUNFORD"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-79" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN DUNFORD</persName> </hi> (512
<hi rend="italic">N.</hi>) On January 4th I was on duty in Fore Street, Edmonton, about 2.20 p.m.—I saw Mr. Jones holding William Gray—Willie was there—Mr. Jones made a statement to me and pointed of the woman, who was a little distance ahead—I left Gray with Mr. Jones and went after her—I said, "I shall take you back"—she said, "Why?"—I said, "For being concerned with this man in passing a counterfeit coin"—Mr. Jones then came up with Gray—I told Gray I should search him—he said, "I have no more on me, sir"—I found this counterfeit shilling wrapped in tissue paper in his waistcoat pocket—Mr. Jones handed me the other coin—the two prisoners were taken to the police station—they made no reply to the charge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Brown.</hi> I did not see you in the vicinity of the other prisoners.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-80" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-80" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-80" type="surname" value="KITCHENER"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-80" type="given" value="FREDERICA"/>FREDERICA KITCHENER</persName> </hi>. I live at 3, Sebastopol Road, Edmonton, and I am female searcher at Edmonton police station—on January 4th I searched Willis at the station and found upon her 1s. 10 1/2 d. in bronze, and 3s. 9d. in silver—there were seven sixpences—that was all good money—I also found these three counterfeit shillings wrapped separately in white tissue piper and these three packets of tobacco—one of them has the name of Gambrill on it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-81" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-81" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-81" type="surname" value="MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-81" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MARTIN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector N.</hi>) I am stationed at Stoke Newington—on January 4th I saw the prisoners at the station—Willis gave me the name of Elizabeth Willis—they refused their address—each of them said, "I refuse my address"—I told them they would be charged with being concerned in uttering—neither of them replied—when their names were put on the charge sheet Willis said, "Elizabeth Gray"—I made</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190502060010"/>
<p>further enquiries, and a search was made at No. 37, Vernon Road, Totten
<lb/>ham—the next morning, January 5th, I told Gray and Willis that I had ascertained that they had been living at 37, Vernon Road, Tottenham, and that thirty one counterfeit shillings had been found there, as well as the materials for the manufacturing of counterfeit coins—Gray replied, "I know nothing about them; I own up to the shilling I gave to Mrs. Jones"—Willis said, "I know nothing about them. I shall have to put up with the three shillings that was found upon me"—on January 12th on the remand I charged the three prisoners with manufacturing counterfeit coins—neither made any reply to the charge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-82" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-82" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-82" type="surname" value="BLACKWELL"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-82" type="given" value="JANE"/>JANE BLACKWELL</persName> </hi>. I reside at 49, Vernon Road, Tottenham, with my husband, George Blackwell—I let out 37, Vernon Road, and 121 Compton Rood, in apartments of two or three rooms—I know Willis as Mrs. Gray, and Gray as William Gray—I let the rooms at 37, Vernon Road, to Mrs. Gray—towards the end of November I let a front parlour and a kitchen to them in Compton Road, and about December 6th two upstairs rooms on the second floor at 37, Vernon Rood, at six shillings a week—I moved them to Vernon Road—Mrs. Gray paid the rent—I have been to those rooms about three times, but a woman looks after my places for me—I have seen Brown there about three times altogether, between 11 and 12 in the day—I thought he was along with a brother—he was reading a book when I went there—I heard Mrs. Gray call him Dan—I thought he was her husband—I first saw Brown at Compton Road on December 6th, when I was moving them—he was just inside the parlour door.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Brown.</hi> I never saw you with counterfeit coin—Willis and Gray were arrested before you were, but I cannot say when.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-83" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-83" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-83" type="surname" value="WREN"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-83" type="given" value="ALICE LOUISE"/>ALICE LOUISE WREN</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of George James Wren, of 37, Vernon Road, Tottenham—I know the prisoners; the woman as Elizabeth Gray, and Gray as William Gray—I thought he was her brother—she called him her brother, and I did not know any different—she told me he was her brother—the other prisoner called himself Brown, and Willis called him Dan, and sometimes Daniel Gray—when the young man knocked at the door and asked for Mrs. Gray she sent word that she was not in, because she did not want to see him, but wanted to do some laundry work, and she said, "That was my husband, Daniel Gray"—before I lived at 37, Vernon Road, I lived at 121, Compton Road, where Willis and William Gray were living together—they moved on the Wednesday and I moved on the Thursday—I did not see Brown at 121—I first saw him when he was carrying the look
<lb/>ing-glass to 37, Vernon Road, where I occupied the downstair back—the window of my room looks into the back yard, where there is a w.c. on the right and a dustbin on the left—persons using the w.c. would have to pass my window—I have seen Brown only when he has gone to the w.c—I have seen him nearly even day while we were there—he went into Mrs. Gray's room on the higher floor—I have seen him go to the w.c. five or six times on different days—I have gone to the w.c. after ho had left it on several occasions—I found the seat was all covered in white stuff like chalk, and there was white chalky water in the pan—I have seen the white stuff wet, and I have seen it dry, sometime after he had left the w.c.—I saw</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190502060011"/>
<p>him once carrying a little pail with something like chalky water in it to the w.c.—on that occasion I went about an hour later and found the closet seat covered with something like a lot of dirty chalky water similar to what I have seen him carrying in the bucket—on January 4th, in the afternoon, I saw all the prisoners in the house—I saw Brown about 4 p.m.—he came in the back way by the side gate—there are two entrances, a front and a side one, and Brown could let himself in by the side entrance in the daytime—when I saw him come in that afternoon he walked up the stairs, where he remained about twenty minutes; then he came out at the back door and round the passage on the left to the front door, and up the alley towards the side gate—he came back a second time, then he went upstairs, then he came down and went to the w.c.—he would hare to pass the dust
<lb/>bin to go out—he remained in the closet some time, and I went out and said, "Is there any one out here?"—Brown said, "Yes, it is only me",—I said, "It is all right, sir"—the voice came from the w.c—I walked back indoors, but I went out there afterwards and found a terrible mess like a lot of chalk all over the seat—it was dry, and like the stuff in the packet produced; it was also upon the pan—after he left the closet he went upstairs, came down again and went out—after he had gone out about an hour or a little more the police walked in at the back door—they went upstairs—when Brown came back he started to go upstairs, and when he had got about half-way up, some children in the house said, "Oh, don't go up there; there's four men gone up there; I believe they are tecs"—he turned round, and as he was coming down the stairs he stumbled, and then came close to me—I got against the door and said, "Oh, my God, here's a man"—he shook his fist, and with that I banged the door just as he rushed out at the back door, walking very fast—I did not see him again till after he was arrested.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Croat-examined by Brown.</hi> I go out with my husband sometimes about three days a week—I was only once out late. (
<hi rend="italic">At the prisoner's request the witness's evidence before the Magistrate was read</hi>)—I have said that I used to nee you every morning—I unbolted the door when you came the second time, but not the first time—when I unbolted the door you walked in—my husband's name is George James Wren, but I am living with a blind man now—that is the man I go out with.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-84" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-84" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-84" type="surname" value="GARDINER"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-84" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN GARDINER</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of John Gardiner, and live with him at 31, Vernon Road, Tottenham—I have been in the habit of assisting Mrs. Blackwell with her lodging houses—I clean them, and collect the rents at times, and see that things are all right in the place—I know the prisoners—I knew Willis first as Lizzie Gray, at 121, Compton Road—I knew William Gray as her brother—I first saw Brown in December, when they were going to move from Compton Road—he was sitting at the table in the Grays' rooms in Compton Road—I cannot say how often I went to 37, Vernon Road, where I have seen Brown in the room with Gray and Willie—I have seen him in their room about half a dozen times—I have seen him going in and coming out—on one occasion I saw some white stuff, dirtier than this produced; it was dry and powdery, and was lying on the table in a heap—I thought it was hearth stone stuff</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190502060012"/>
<p>—I understood Brown was Willie's husband, as she said so to Mrs. Black-well about December 6th, the time of the removal—when the prisoners were together in the room Willis said, "This is my husband, Dan," and then they went into the back kitchen and began the moving—I had not seen him before.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Brown.</hi> I told the Magistrate about the white stuff.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-85" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-85" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-85" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY DAVIS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant N.</hi>) On January 4th I went with Dixon to 17, Vernon Road, Tottenham, about 7 p.m., and upstairs to the rooms occupied by Gray and Willis—I searched and found two pieces of glass smeared with plaster of Paris, a file, a pewter spoon containing metal partly melted, a paper bag containing plaster of Paris, another paper bag containing dry silver sand, a saucer containing wet silver sand, a bottle of cyanide of potassium, and a bottle of turpentine (
<hi rend="italic">Pro
<lb/>duced</hi>)—there was a fire in the room which had been recently made up—the articles were distributed in different parts of the two rooms—on searching the dustbin in the back yard I found this canvas bag con
<lb/>taining thirty-one shillings folded up in paper as they are now, in the packet, and separated—I also found a pot of molten metal, a saucepan and a spoon with white metal in them as they are now, also some coils of wire, and white metal, bearing the appearance of having been partly melted—on going to the water closet I found the whole of the seat was smothered with pieces of plaster of Paris—this is some that I scraped off the seat (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>)—I found similar pieces of plaster of Paris in the yard—I did not see Brown, but I have heard of his coming there that afternoon—some of the things I found were visible in the room, but these two bottles were in a cupboard—the door of the room was un-fastened when I arrived.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-86" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-86" type="surname" value="DIXON"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-86" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES DIXON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective N.</hi>) I went with Davis on January 4th to 37, Vernon Road, and on January 11th I went to 4, Newton Road, Tottenham, where I said to Brown, "You know me?"—he said, "Yes, you are Dixon"—I said, "We shall arrest you for being concerned with lizzie and William Gray in manufacturing and possessing counterfeit coins at 37, Vernon Road, Tottenham"—he replied, "I have only been away two nights; I have been ill"—I took him to the station at Edmonton—when the charge was entered and read to him he said, "You know how I am situated; I met this woman in the street, went home with her, and slept with her occasionally. The last time was just before she was locked up; I read about it in the 'Tottenham Herald'—when the charge was read over to him he made no reply—when I was about to search him after he was charged he said, "You will find nothing on me."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Brown.</hi> I did not say I had information from Annie Pink, referring to a prostitute of that name—other people were in the charge room at the time.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-87" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-87" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-87" type="surname" value="ROCHED"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-87" type="given" value="DENNIS"/>DENNIS ROCHED</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant N.</hi>) On the evening of January 4th I went to Mrs. Gambrill's shop and she handed me this bad shilling which I marked.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-88" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-88" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-88" type="given" value="WILLIM JOHN"/>WILLIM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am inspector of Coin to Hit Majesty's</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190502060013"/>
<p>Mint—all these thirty-seven coins produced are counterfeit shillings from one mould—I have examined the articles produced—they all form part of the stock-in-trade of a coiner—the stuff produced from the seat of the water closet is of the same consistency as plaster of Paris—I cannot say if it has been part of a mould—you can get rid of a mould by breaking it up, and dissolving it in water.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoners' statements before the Magistrate:</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BROWN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">said</hi>, "I have been very intimate with Lizzie Gray; I visited her several times at her house. On no occasion of visiting her have I seen any counterfeit coins, or the making of them."
<hi rend="smallCaps">ELIZABETH WILLIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">said</hi>, "I plead guilty to the pos
<lb/>session of these counterfeit coins, but not to making them."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Evidence for Brown.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-89" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-89" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-89" type="surname" value="GRAY"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-89" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM GRAY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">the prisoner).</hi> Brown knew nothing about the making of these coins; I was going to tell him, but my sister told me not to—during the three or four times that he came to that house in the Vernon Road he never saw anything in connection with coining, and he had no idea of such a thing as counterfeit coins in the place.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have pleaded guilty to the charge of making, and some other charges—my real name is William Gray—I have gone in another tame, and I have been convicted in the name of Gray for counterfeit coinage—I have seen Brown several times at Vernon Road, but never at Compton Road—I made these coins at Vernon Road—I threw the moulds away down the w.c. after mixing them with water—I always left my room door open when I went out—I had no communications with Brown—I stayed at these rooms at night—I was sometimes out in the daytime—Willis was living at these rooms too—Brown stopped there one or two nights.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-90" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-90" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-90" type="surname" value="STAPLES"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-90" type="given" value="MARY JANE"/>MARY JANE STAPLES</persName> </hi>. I live at 24, Newton Road—I never saw Brown in possession of coin of any description good or bad—for nine days previous to his arrest he was unable to leave his bed—he if my brother, and I took him in to lodge with me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He was arrested on January 11th—he came to lodge with me on November 26th—I was confined on December 31st—I was out of my room after fourteen days—I was downstairs in the front room—I made Brown a bed up in the kitchen—he used to go out in the daytime in the earlier part of December.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Brown, in his defence, stated that he visited Lizzie Gray, and that the Magis
<lb/>trate told him not to "Come it" and never gave him a chance.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19050206-181-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-181-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-181-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Gray and Willis then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction on February</hi> 8
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1904,
<hi rend="italic">of possessing counterfeit coin.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GRAY</hi>
<rs id="t19050206-181-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-181-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-181-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-181-19050206 t19050206-181-punishment-18"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eighteen months' hard labour.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIS</hi>
<rs id="t19050206-181-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-181-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-181-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-181-19050206 t19050206-181-punishment-19"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve months' hard labour.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BROWN</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">against whom there were three convictions of felony besides three summary convictions—
<rs id="t19050206-181-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-181-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-181-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-181-19050206 t19050206-181-punishment-20"/>Four years' penal servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190502060014"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, February</hi> 7
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1905.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before J. A. Rentoul, Esq., K.C.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050206-182">
<interp inst="t19050206-182" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050206"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-182" type="date" value="19050206"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050206-182-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-182-19050206 t19050206-182-offence-1 t19050206-182-verdict-1"/>
<p>182.
<persName id="def1-182-19050206" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-182-19050206" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-182-19050206" type="surname" value="HOOPER"/>
<interp inst="def1-182-19050206" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM HOOPER</hi> </persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19050206-182-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-182-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-182-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t19050206-182-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-182-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-182-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>to forging and uttering an order for the payment of £2 0s. 11d. with intent to defraud.</rs>
<rs id="t19050206-182-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-182-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-182-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-182-19050206 t19050206-182-punishment-21"/>
<hi rend="italic">Dis
<lb/>charged on his own recognisances.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050206-183">
<interp inst="t19050206-183" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050206"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-183" type="date" value="19050206"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050206-183-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-183-19050206 t19050206-183-offence-1 t19050206-183-verdict-1"/>
<p>183.
<persName id="def1-183-19050206" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-183-19050206" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-183-19050206" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-183-19050206" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="def1-183-19050206" type="given" value="ALICE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALICE JONES</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t19050206-183-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-183-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-183-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Feloniously assaulting, with two other persons whose names are unknown,
<persName id="t19050206-name-93" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-93" type="surname" value="VINCENT"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-93" type="given" value="LOUIS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050206-183-offence-1 t19050206-name-93"/>Louis Vincent</persName> and robbing him with violence, of a watch, a chain, a scarf pin and £3 in money.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-94" type="surname" value="PRICKETT"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-94" type="given" value="WILFDRED"/>MR. WILFDRED PRICKETT</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-95" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-95" type="surname" value="VINCENT"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-95" type="given" value="LOUIS"/>LOUIS VINCENT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Partly interpreted).</hi> I live at Singleton Road and am a furrier—I am a Hungarian—I have known the prisoner for about six months—I have often met her—on January 4th I met her between 7 and 8 p.m.—she wanted me to speak to her—I said, "This is a bad place; I do not want to come with you"—that was in a public-house in the City Road—I, however, went and two men, friends of hers, came with her—I knew the men, but not by name—I saw them frequently with the prisoner—I went away with the prisoner to her house—I stayed half an hour with her—I paid her 4s.—I had £3 odd in my pocket—we both went back to the same public-house and had a little more drink—we left together—on the way back she put her hand over my neck and face and then over my eyes, and began to sing—she told some men that I had some money and a watch on me—the men got hold of me and robbed me of my money—the prisoner was leaning against a wall, looking on—the men then ran away—I went after them, when they attacked me again and took my other things—the prisoner thereupon ran away.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner.</hi> The men came up behind and pushed me and the man against a wall. When I looked round the prosecutor had been knocked down; I thought they were going to do the same with me, so I ran away; I was arrested the next day.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-96" type="surname" value="PULLY"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-96" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES PULLY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Sergeant J.</hi>) I arrested the prisoner on January 5th about 8.30—the prosecutor pointed her out to me—she was with other women and men in a public-house in City Road—she said, "I was with this man, the prosecutor, last night, but I don't know anything about the robbery"—later on she said, "I suppose I shall have to put up with it"—at the police station she said to the prosecutor, "You know the two men; they were drinking with you"—when charged she made no reply.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-97" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-97" type="surname" value="VINCENT"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-97" type="given" value="LOUIS"/>LOUIS VINCENT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined).</hi> The prisoner told me to go home as the men I had been drinking with were bad characters.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19050206-183-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-183-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-183-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050206-184">
<interp inst="t19050206-184" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050206"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-184" type="date" value="19050206"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050206-184-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-184-19050206 t19050206-184-offence-1 t19050206-184-verdict-1"/>
<p>184.
<persName id="def1-184-19050206" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-184-19050206" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-184-19050206" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-184-19050206" type="surname" value="WELLER"/>
<interp inst="def1-184-19050206" type="given" value="HARRY MANSER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRY MANSER WELLER</hi> (37)</persName>
<rs id="t19050206-184-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-184-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-184-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>, Feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19050206-name-99" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-99" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-99" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-99" type="given" value="FLORENCE EVELYN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050206-184-offence-1 t19050206-name-99"/>Florence Evelyn Wood</persName>, his wife being alive.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-100" type="surname" value="GRAIN"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-100" type="given" value="WALLIS"/>MR. WALLIS GRAIN</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-101" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-101" type="surname" value="RICHRDS"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-101" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN RICHRDS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Sergeant G.</hi>) On January 11th I was on duty at Clerkenwell police station when Bertha Weller gave me certain informa
<lb/>tion</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190502060015"/>
<p>in consequence of which I went to 187, Rosebery Avenue—I there saw the prisoner and told him I was a police officer, and his wife, Bertha Lily Weller, had stated that he had bigamously married Florence Wood at Southampton—he replied, "That is quite right"—he was taken to King's Cross Road police station, where he was charged—he made no reply.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-102" type="surname" value="MOTT"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-102" type="given" value="HENRY CHARLES"/>HENRY CHARLES MOTT</persName> </hi>. I am the Superintendent Registrar of the Lewisham District and produce the register of marriages for the district, containing entries of March 28th, 1896—entry No. 173 relates to a mar
<lb/>riage solemnised at the Registry Office at Lewisham, the parties being Henry Manser Weller, Bertha Lily Eden—they were married on March 28th, 1896, ages twenty-seven and twenty-two respectively, bachelor, spinster—the man is described as an accountant; place of residence, Boness Road, Catford, for both of them—the witnesses were D. Crawler and W. Rider—they were married in the presence of the Registrar and Deputy Superintendent Registrar—both parties signed the entry—I cannot identify the prisoner.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-103" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-103" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-103" type="given" value="FLORENCE EVELYN"/>FLORENCE EVELYN WOOD</persName> </hi>. I live at 12, Oxford Street, Southampton—I have known the prisoner since November, 1900—on March 5th, 1902, I went through a form of marriage with him—I thought then he was a single man—he led me to believe so—I have one child—I have lived continuously with him as his wife—the prisoner treated me very kindly lad we have lived very happily together.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> If it is legal, I am prepared to live with you after this is over.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-104" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-104" type="surname" value="RICHARDS"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-104" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN RICHARDS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined).</hi> I have copies here of entries of a marriage between Henry Manser Weller and Bertha Eden—I have com
<lb/>pared them with the register at Somerset House—they are correct.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence, stated that his first wife left him; that he used every meant to find her, but could not do so.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19050206-184-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-184-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-184-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19050206-184-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-184-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-184-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-184-19050206 t19050206-184-punishment-22"/>Three months' hard labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050206-185">
<interp inst="t19050206-185" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050206"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-185" type="date" value="19050206"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050206-185-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-185-19050206 t19050206-185-offence-1 t19050206-185-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050206-185-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-185-19050206 t19050206-185-offence-1 t19050206-185-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050206-185-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-185-19050206 t19050206-185-offence-1 t19050206-185-verdict-2"/>
<p>185.
<persName id="def1-185-19050206" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-185-19050206" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-185-19050206" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-185-19050206" type="surname" value="WOBEKE"/>
<interp inst="def1-185-19050206" type="given" value="HENRICH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRICH WOBEKE</hi> (22)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-185-19050206" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-185-19050206" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-185-19050206" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def2-185-19050206" type="surname" value="LANDER"/>
<interp inst="def2-185-19050206" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH LANDER</hi> (27)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-185-19050206" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-185-19050206" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-185-19050206" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def3-185-19050206" type="surname" value="BUGEL"/>
<interp inst="def3-185-19050206" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK BUGEL</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t19050206-185-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-185-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-185-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglary in the dwelling house of
<persName id="t19050206-name-108" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-108" type="surname" value="KILLGREN"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-108" type="given" value="HENRIK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050206-185-offence-1 t19050206-name-108"/>Henrik Killgren</persName> and stealing therein three overcoats and other goods, and a cheque for £5 5s., his property.</rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WOBEKE</hi> and
<hi rend="largeCaps">LANDER</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19050206-185-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-185-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-185-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. F. J. GREEN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRANTHAM</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended</hi> Bugel.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-109" type="surname" value="KILLGREN"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-109" type="given" value="HENRIK"/>HENRIK KILLGREN</persName> </hi>. I am a medical practitioner, living at 49, Eaton Square—Wobeke was in my employment as butler—he left last June—during September, October and December I missed articles from my house—on December 16th I missed a silver medal and a cheque for £5 5s.—this is the cheque.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-110" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-110" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS KING</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective).</hi> I arrested Bugel at 28, Percy Street, a common lodging house—I told him I was a police officer and should take him into custody for being concerned with others in stealing and receiving a quantity of articles, also a cheque for £5 5e.—he said, "I had the cheque and, being afraid to change it myself, I gave it to Porges, whom you know quite well, but I had nothing out of it; the violin and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190502060016"/>
<p>medal I took to Whitechapel with the 'Little Saxon'; he loft me in Leman Street, and after being absent for about fifteen minutes he returned with 7s.: all I had out of that was a few drinks"—I went to find Porges, but he had left—I could find no trace of him—my information is he has gone to Paris.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Bugel did not try to put me off the scent by saying "Perkins" instead of "Porges"—he told me at once what he knew of the matter—he told me he had been in England eight months and was teaching the French language—that is correct.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Bugel's statement before the Magistrate:</hi> "I don't know the man who stole the things; I have never spoken to him. The first time I spoke to him was when I was arrested, and that was the tint time I heard any
<lb/>thing of any theft. Lander gave me one morning a cheque, but said nothing of any theft. He said he could have cashed the cheque himself if he were not dressed so shabbily; could I give the cheque to anyone who could cash it? I brought it (the cheque) to Porges. That was the last I ever saw of the cheque, nor did I receive any money."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Bugel, in his defence on oath, said that he got his living by teaching French, that Lander asked him to cash the cheque, laying he had got it from Dr. Kill
<lb/>gren: that he tried to do so; that the medal was given to him to sell, and then was handed to the "Little Saxon"; and that he never knew the things were stolen.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19050206-185-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-185-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-185-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WOBEKE</hi> and
<hi rend="largeCaps">LANDER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19050206-185-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-185-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-185-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-185-19050206 t19050206-185-punishment-23"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-185-19050206 t19050206-185-punishment-23"/>Twelve months hard labour each</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, February</hi> 8
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1905.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Darling.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050206-186">
<interp inst="t19050206-186" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050206"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-186" type="date" value="19050206"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050206-186-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-186-19050206 t19050206-186-offence-1 t19050206-186-verdict-1"/>
<p>186.
<persName id="def1-186-19050206" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-186-19050206" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-186-19050206" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-186-19050206" type="surname" value="ROBSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-186-19050206" type="given" value="RALPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RALPH ROBSON</hi> (17)</persName>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19050206-186-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-186-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-186-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t19050206-186-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-186-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-186-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>to ravishing and carnally knowing
<persName id="t19050206-name-112" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-112" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-112" type="surname" value="HAWES"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-112" type="given" value="NELLIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050206-186-offence-1 t19050206-name-112"/>Nellie Hawes</persName>.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19050206-186-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-186-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-186-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-186-19050206 t19050206-186-punishment-24"/>Eighteen months' hard labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050206-187">
<interp inst="t19050206-187" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050206"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-187" type="date" value="19050206"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050206-187-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-187-19050206 t19050206-187-offence-1 t19050206-187-verdict-1"/>
<p>187.
<persName id="def1-187-19050206" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-187-19050206" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-187-19050206" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-187-19050206" type="surname" value="DAVIDSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-187-19050206" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELIZABETH DAVIDSON</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t19050206-187-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-187-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-187-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t19050206-name-114" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-114" type="surname" value="DAVIDSON"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-114" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050206-187-offence-1 t19050206-name-114"/>Alfred Davidson</persName>, with intent to murder him, or with intent to do him grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COLTMAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WARDE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-115" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-115" type="surname" value="DAVIDSON"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-115" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED DAVIDSON</persName> </hi>. I am a hairdresser, of 1, Little St. Andrew's Street, St. Giles-in-the-Fields—the prisoner is my wife—on January 24th we were out all the afternoon and evening; we got home about 12 p.m.—we had some supper in the kitchen under the shop—my mother was present—there is a staircase leading from the kitchen to the back of the shop, and a door with a glass panel between the staircase and the back of the shop—I had no quarrel with my wife during supper—I found the cruet empty and I felt rather annoyed; I pushed it aside and finished my supper—I never said a word about it—I took the evening paper and went and sat down in the shop—I was there for about ten minutes—my wife came into the shop, took the key and locked the door on the inside—she came over to me and said, "What do you mean by looking so black at me at</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190502060017"/>
<p>the supper table before mother?" I said, "What do you meant"—she dashed at mo with this small white handled table knife (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>)—I believe it was the knife she was having her supper with—it was in the kitchen—there was no table knife in the shop—there were razors and scissors there—I did 'not really know I was cut, but I felt my neck was wet—I caught her by her wrist, threw her down and held her for about ten minutes—I called out, but could get no assistance, so I broke two glass panels in the door, which brought a lodger and my mother down—the lodger burnt the door open; he got a cab and took me to the hospital—there was no quarrel between my wife and myself in the shop beyond the words I have mentioned—she has threatened me on many occasion—about a fortnight before this I spoke of something which I thought was wrong in the kitchen—she said, "You will work me up into such a passion I shall put this knife into you"—on January 24th we were both perfectly sober.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> We have been married going on for four years—my mother has lived with us all that time—all the family unpleasantness which there has been is what my wife has made herself—my mother got on very well with her—most of the wrong wan on my wife's side—there may have been a little on both—there has been very little quarrelling—I have not got a bad temper; I have rather a hasty one—my wife has a very hasty temper—on this night we had been to the World's Fair together—it was arranged that my mother should have supper ready for us when we got home—up to the time of our going home there had been no un
<lb/>pleasantness between us—I do not know if all this trouble arose out of bring no salt in the salt cellar—nothing was said when I pushed the salt cellar away—I did not say, "Why is not there any salt in the cellar?"—I did not get up and put some salt in it—no doubt I looked rather cross then—I finished my supper before I went upstairs—I may have left a little—I sit in the shop every night—my mother came up after me—I went up feeling rather annoyed and looking rather black—my mother went up to bed, and my wife sat in the kitchen—when she came into the shop I did not give her a kiss—I took what she said as a joke—she did not say, "What is the good of blaming me about the salt cellar? your mother laid the table"—she was in such a passionate temper she could not stop to say that—I did not say, "Don't you mention my mother; mind your own business"—I did not then go for her—I did not strike her—she did not pick up the knife to defend herself; she brought it into the shop from the kitchen—she did not go into the parlour—I never have knives like that in the shop to cut up soap; I have a different knife for that—I generally use my pocket knife—the soap may stick to the knife when it if cut; there is no soap on this one—I do not make a lather with a knife, I do it with a brush my wife took the key from the door and put it inside and locked the door on the inside—it is an upside down lock—I always leave the key outside the door—I know the door was locked, because when I threw her down we struggled near the door and I tried to open it after I had broken the window, and Webb could not open the door because it was locked and the key inside—after the struggle I felt very bad from the loss of</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190502060018"/>
<p>blood—I cut my finger taking the knife away—I did not strike my wife, and we did not in consequence have a struggle—I did not get my hand cut during the struggle; I was cut before I touched her—the blood which wan about me was from my neck principally, and not from my hand—I have no unkind feelings towards my wife, but I think the has towards me—she has no relations—with the exception of myself she is quite alone in the world—we have no children—I do not think that with control on both sides we could live happily together, I have tried her so many years.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-116" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-116" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-116" type="surname" value="DAVIDSON"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-116" type="given" value="CAROLINE"/>CAROLINE DAVIDSON</persName> </hi>. I am the prosecutor's mother—I live with him and his wife—on January 24th my son and his wife came home shortly before 12 p.m.—I sat down to supper with them—there was no quarrel between them—my son took the evening paper and went upstairs into the shop—I believe he had finished his supper—I did not notice any temper—there were no words—shortly afterwards I went to bed, leaving the pris
<lb/>oner in the kitchen—about fifteen minutes after I had gone to bed I heard breaking of glass—I opened my door and heard my son call "Mother"—Mr. Webb followed me down—he was the lodger—he tried the door, but it was locked, so he could not undo it—he burst it open—the key was inside—I went into the shop—I saw my son holding his wife down on the floor—there was a quantity of blood—Webb picked my son up—I saw this knife on the floor—it is such as are on the table in the kitchen—it was on the kitchen table that night—I fetched a constable.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There has not been a good deal of unpleasantness between me and the prisoner of course she is very down on me, hut I have never answered her or had a quarrel with her—I can not say it was a cat and dog life sometimes she would go off in violent passions at the most trivial things—my son may be rather hasty, but I have not heard much quarrelling between them—I have not been unhappy, because I have taken it all as a matter of course—on this night the prisoner said her hus
<lb/>band looked black at her, but I did not notice anything—I did not heat anything said at supper—when my son went up to the shop I followed him and went to bed—I did not look black—I did not say "Good-night" to the prisoner, because I did not know if I was coming down again.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-117" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-117" type="surname" value="WEBB"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-117" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBB</persName> </hi>. I lodge at 1, Little St. Andrew's Street about 12.40 a.m. on January 25th F was in bed—I heard a crash of a window, and I ran downstairs as soon as possible—I heard the prosecutor calling out "Mother"—when I got to the bottom of the stairs I looked through the broken window and
<hi rend="italic">see</hi> the prosecutor on top of his wife, taking a knife away from her—she had it in her right hand—the prosecutor got it away and threw it to the other side of the room—the door was locked and, not being able to open it, I burst it open—I picked the prosecutor up and took him to Charing Cross Hospital—he was saturated with Mood and his throat was cut.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I took him to the hospital in a cab.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I burst the door open by turning my back to it—before doing that I tried to open it—I put the key into the lock and tried to open it but it was a left-handed lock—the key wan inside the lock and the prosecutor passed it to me through the broken window—I saw him take</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190502060019"/>
<p>it out of the lock—at that time I did not know that the look was upside down.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-118" type="surname" value="HART"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-118" type="given" value="ARCHIBALD"/>ARCHIBALD HART</persName> </hi> (369
<hi rend="italic">E.</hi>) On the early morning of January 25th I was called to 1, Little St. Andrew's Street, by the prosecutor's mother-in-law—I went to the shop and saw the prisoner sitting on a chair—her face was smothered with blood—broken glass was all over the place and blood on the floor—I asked her where her husband was—she said he had gone to the hospital—I asked her if it was right that she had cut his throat—she said, "Yes; I had no intention of doing it"—she seemed very excited—I do not think she knew what she said—she was sober—I went to Charing Cross Hospital and saw the prosecutor—I brought him back—the prisoner, when charged, said she had no intention of doing it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-119" type="surname" value="LAKING"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-119" type="given" value="CECIL LIONEL"/>CECIL LIONEL LAKING</persName> </hi>. On January 25th I was house surgeon at Charing Cross Hospital—the prosecutor was brought there between 12.45 and 1 a.m. on that morning—when I saw him his collar and front were covered with blood—there was a wound in his neck about three inches long, but it was very superficial and was not then bleeding—he also had a wound on one of his right fingers, which was bleeding slightly—he complained of fasting faint, but there was nothing seriously wrong—I should say he had lost about half an ounce of blood, which would be about one-sixteenth of an ordinary medicine bottle—that was what he lost altogether, not from his throat alone—I had to stitch up the wound in his throat—I put seven or eight stitches in—it was more than a scratch—I cannot say if it was inflicted by this knife, but it was caused by some sharp instrument—the prosecutor was sober.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The wound in his neck had not gone deeper than the subcutaneous tissues.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-120" type="surname" value="DAVIDSON"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-120" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED DAVIDSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WARDE</hi>.) We had dinner and tea in the shop parlour—knives and forks are brought up there for meals, but they are taken down directly afterwards—on this occasion my wife did not go into the parlour—she came straight upstairs into the shop.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COLTMAN</hi>. The parlour is a separate room to the shop—one can go into the parlour without going into the shop, bat on this occasion the parlour door was locked, so it was impossible for any one to go in—I never had meals in the shop.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in her defence on oath, said that after supper the went up into the shop; that the did not take a knife or anything up with her; that when she for into the shop her husband was letting the dog in and not reading a paper; that the asked him why he had blamed her about the salt, as his mother had laid the supper; that he told her to mind her own business and not to talk about his mother, and punched her in the face; that the ran into the parlour and, seeing the knife on the table, picked it up, thinking it would keep him off her, that he start, punching her head; that the must have lost her senses; that he must have got cut in the struggle; that he knelt on her head on the floor; that she did not rush at him and cut his throat; that she had no intention of cutting him, and did not know that he was cut till he came back from the hospital; and that she had not locked the door.</hi>
<rs id="t19050206-187-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-187-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-187-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of unlawfully wounding.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19050206-187-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-187-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-187-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-187-19050206 t19050206-187-punishment-25"/>Discharged on her own recognisances in £20.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050206-188">
<interp inst="t19050206-188" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050206"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-188" type="date" value="19050206"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050206-188-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-188-19050206 t19050206-188-offence-1 t19050206-188-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190502060020"/>
<p>188.
<persName id="def1-188-19050206" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-188-19050206" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-188-19050206" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-188-19050206" type="surname" value="PAXTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-188-19050206" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK PAXTON</hi> (31)</persName>
<rs id="t19050206-188-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-188-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-188-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="extortion"/>, Feloniously sending to
<persName id="t19050206-name-122" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-122" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-122" type="surname" value="DUCROS"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-122" type="given" value="LISETTE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050206-188-offence-1 t19050206-name-122"/>Lisette Ducros</persName> a letter demanding £5 from her with menaces, well knowing the contents thereof.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEYCESTER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-123" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-123" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-123" type="surname" value="DUCROS"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-123" type="given" value="LISETTE"/>LISETTE DUCROS</persName> </hi>. I am single and lire at 17, Clarendon Street, Pim
<lb/>lico—I occupy the lower part of the house and my aunt the upper part—I have known the prisoner for about a year—he is the husband of the charwoman whom I employed two or three times—he lives near me—on January 18th I received this letter; I do not know the writing (
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>): "To: ten ham Court Road. January 17th. Madam,—It having come to my know
<lb/>ledge that your house, No. 17, has been under observation and likely to be. I with to let you know that if you care to send me £5, that will engage my services and I can promise you without fail to put matters right with the man that is engaged watching. Of course I cannot tell you how much he will want, but I know that he can be squared with money as we
<hi rend="italic">done</hi> so before in a similar case. I see him every day, and, by what I hear, you will be perhaps brought up for keeping a disorderly house. He told me he had the case well in hand, and that one of your friends who visited you was a Mr.—in the War Office, and you had a child by him. Of course that would be very bad for a gentleman to be brought into a things like this. Perhaps he will help you out of it if he values his good name: of course I am only mentioning this to let you know that I have heard all about it, and that you should take my advice; employ me and I can assure you everything will turn out all right. You won't have to delay if you send me the amount, that is at once. I will get to business and also I can give you valuable advice and tell you what to do. You will also, whatever you do, let no one know about this matter, as it means this man's position Inst if it came to his superiors, earn. Of course I am taking thus entirely of my own accord and have not made any agreement with him yet. I do not think he will require much, and I am a private inquiry agent, and, therefore, come in to hear a lot of cases of this kind, and have done a lot of good. I shall call on Thursday morning at address given, and if you do not send money by then I know you do not require me; it might then be too late, but I will let you know to-day, Wednesday, if anything is likely to occur. I am informed you have neighbours; they are the ones to be careful of, as it is true that this man was put to watch. I do not think he will be there till Saturday again, but could not say for sure. They may raid the house when you have some gentlemen there, or perhaps will only bring you up for keeping a disorderly house, but what-ever you do, don't delay one hour if possible. I must not come near or would have seen you personally, and I am engaged in similar business so can only correspond through the post. This is a private address I give you, where, at any time, if you require the services of a private detective, hoping to serve you, Yours truly, R. Atkinson, care of Newsagent, 137, Charing Croat Road, London, W.C. P.S. Be sure to register letter. One important matter: did you ever have a woman, dark, little, engaged in your house, charwoman, I think? If so, give me her address if possible;</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190502060021"/>
<p>her husband if, I think, a coachman or waiter, but be sure to say nothing to anyone"—I took that to the police the name day, about 5 p.m.—after I had seen the police I wrote this answer to the letter "I am in receipt of you letter and before I draw a conclusion I should like to hear a little more in this matter and to know more about you. Yours truly, L. Du
<lb/>cros. P.S. Many thanks"—that was written under the instruction of the police I addressed the envelope to 137, Charing Cross Road—the police took charge of it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> The only true thing in the letter is that about the child, not that the gentleman came to the house.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-124" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-124" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-124" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE SMITH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective-sergeant B.</hi>) I took charge of the letter written by the prosecutrix—I stamped and registered it and sent it by the post.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-125" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-125" type="surname" value="WOODHOUSE"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-125" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT WOODHOUSE</persName> </hi>. I work in the Post Office and am learning the engineering trade—on the night of January 19th I was in Soho—I saw the prisoner—I did not know him before—he said, "Will you go a message for me? I want you to go to 137, Charing Cross Road," and I went—he gave me this bit of paper: "Please give bearer any letters for R. Atkinson—I went to 137, Charing Cross Road—it is a newspaper shop—I was given a letter—I was just going to give it to the prisoner, who was across the road (he had come with me) when a detective arrested him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-126" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-126" type="surname" value="TANNER"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-126" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS TANNER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective B.</hi>) On the evening of January 19th I was watching in Charing Cross Road—I saw Woodhouse go to 137, Charing cross Road, and bring away a letter—he took it across to the prisoner, who I arrested—I said, "Is your name Atkinson?"—he said, "Yes"—I said, "I am a police officer and I shall take you into custody for demanding money by a threatening letter from Madam Ducros, of 17, Clarendon street"—he said, "I do not quite understand you"—I showed him the letter—he said, "Yes, that is my writing, I am very sorry; I have a wife and three children to keep. I have been out of work for a long time. I have done it and I suppose I shall have to put up with it"—when charged he made no reply.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You gave your address where you worked.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-127" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-127" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD GREEN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector B.</hi>) 17, Clarendon street is in my district—I am in charge of observations which are kept on brothels and disorderly housed in that district—no observation was being kept upon the prosecu
<lb/>trix's house.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner's statement before the Magistrate:</hi> "I am very sorry this occurred. I had been out of work three months. I have a delicate wife and three children. At the time I wrote the letter I had no intention of demanding money. I wanted money for rent and other things. I might have got the money from the lady but had no intention to demand it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence, said that he was very sorry; that he had no intention to demand money; but only intended to give the prosecutrix advice as the had been a friend; and he thought he could do her a service, there having been a lot of rumours about the house.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19050206-188-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-188-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-188-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">The police stated that he was an associate of burglars and blackmailers.
<rs id="t19050206-188-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-188-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-188-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-188-19050206 t19050206-188-punishment-26"/>Eighteen month's hard labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190502060022"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday</hi>, 8
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1905.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050206-189">
<interp inst="t19050206-189" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050206"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-189" type="date" value="19050206"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050206-189-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-189-19050206 t19050206-189-offence-1 t19050206-189-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050206-189-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-189-19050206 t19050206-189-offence-1 t19050206-189-verdict-1"/>
<p>189.
<persName id="def1-189-19050206" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-189-19050206" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-189-19050206" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-189-19050206" type="surname" value="GOLDSTEIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-189-19050206" type="given" value="ABRAHAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ABRAHAM GOLDSTEIN</hi> (25)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-189-19050206" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-189-19050206" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-189-19050206" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def2-189-19050206" type="surname" value="WOOLF"/>
<interp inst="def2-189-19050206" type="given" value="ISAAC"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ISAAC WOOLF</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t19050206-189-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-189-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-189-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="threateningBehaviour"/>, Feloniously demanding of
<persName id="t19050206-name-130" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-130" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-130" type="surname" value="RUBENSTEIN"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-130" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050206-189-offence-1 t19050206-name-130"/>Sarah Rubenstein</persName> 2s. with intent to steal.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-131" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-131" type="surname" value="GILL"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-131" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>MR. ARTHUR GILL</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-132" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-132" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-132" type="surname" value="RUBENSTEIN"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-132" type="given" value="SARAH"/>SARAH RUBENSTEIN</persName> </hi>.I live with Leah Cohen at 2, Lavender place, St. George's-in-the-East—I am 20 years old—we are both prostitutes—I know Woolf, but not Goldstein—on January 18th Cohen and I made a complaint at the Thames Police Court—the following Saturday night we were coming from Aldgate between 12 and 12.30 along the Commercial Road in the direction of St. George's, and had passed a coffee stall at Back-church Lane when the prisoners came up, and Woolf said. "Hello here they are. Well, have you done any good? I want two
<hi rend="italic">bob</hi>"—I said, "We have not got any money to give you tonight"—he said, "I know" and he lifted his fist to strike me, and called out, "Hi! Nell!" and threatened if we did not give him money he would knock our b—lights out—I said I would turn my pocket out if he did not believe me—Nell Merlow is the woman Woolf lives with—I had met her in Wormwood Street, Bishopsgate Street, and had seen her the Tuesday before—she came up and struck me and my friend with a handle of a door and a key on the 17th, before 10 at night—on this night we could do nothing because the prisoners were standing in our way—two men came over the street to us—we did not know they were police officers—they were not in uniform—Goldstein only said. "Come on, that's right"—whether that wan meant for Woolf to come away, or to hit us, I do not know.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have been in England about 12 years-my father and mother live in Cannon Street, Commercial Road—I saw them this week—father is a tailor's presser—they have six more children at home; only one old enough to work—I have been away from my father and mother about three years—I am not in employment—I have worked at tailoring—I lived at 142. Pennington Street, E., with Rubenstein, the father of my child—he has been away from me eighteen months since my child's birth—I lived with him just over a year—he was a machine working with me—I have known Cohen about a year—Rubenstein is an older man than the one in this photograph—I do not know the man in this photograph—I have not lived with Robinson or with any fellow for eighteen months—a friend of mine did not assault Woolf—Mrs. Nolett took care of my baby—I paid her about 6d. a night—Rubenstein or Robinson did not assault Woolf when he wan going with me to Mrs. Nolett's—I used to have meals at Warschawski's restaurant, at 103, Backchurch Lane, before these boys started on me, but not with Robinson—I did not go to Alfred Cohen at the Coleridge Arms to ask how I could bail Robinson for assaulting Woolf—I do not know any Robinson, nor anything of Woolf being assaulted—the conversation lasted about five minutes on the night of the assault—we did not call out, "Do you rant money? We have got no money to-night"—I said, "I have pot no money for you," but I did not holloa out—since thin prosecution</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190502060023"/>
<p>I have seen missionaries, and have the prospect of leading a better life—I have been my father and mother again.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I met Rubenstein three years ago when I was 17, and adopted his name, because he ruined my life, and I went to live with him—after six months he left me—when I came out of the hospital, after my baby was born, I never found him any more—I had only a few shillings—my father and mother had a large family, and I was thrown on my own resources—I could not keep myself at my trade, so I had to go out—in slack times I earned 5s., and, when trade was not so slack, about 12s.—good people have offered to take my child, but I will not part with it—I have had no offer of money—the first time 1 heard that I had any con
<lb/>nection with an assault of Woolf was at Arbour Square, when the prisoners were charged—I know nothing of it—Nolett lived in Wine Court when I took my child to her about eight months ago—she only took charge of it when I used to go out from about 6 to 12 for about three weeks—I left of going to Warschawski's, because I was afraid of these boys, and if I paid I could go where I liked—thirty or forty people go there—some are prostitutes—I have not allowed any man to live on my prostitution—I have never lived with any man except Rubenstein, who seduced me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-133" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-133" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-133" type="surname" value="COHEN"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-133" type="given" value="LEAH"/>LEAH COHEN</persName> </hi>. I live with Sarah Rubenstein—I know Woolf—I have seen Goldstein with Woolf once or twice, but Goldstein has not spoken to me—on January 18th I made a complaint at the Thames Police Court—on Saturday, January 21st, I was with Rubenstein, returning home is the direction of Aldgate some time after 12 and just past a coffee stall, star Backchurch Lane, in Commercial Road, when the prisoners stopped us—Woolf said, "Well, have you done any good? I want some money"—we both said, "We
<hi rend="italic">ain't</hi> any money; we have not got much"—he said, "Well, give us 2s. each if you cannot give any more; if you do not give at something you know what we will do with you," and he called his girl up and said, "Nell, come on, let's do it on them"—Woolf lives with Nell—two gentlemen came up and took him as he was going to hit us, as he has done many times before—we have paid him money before, when Rubenstein has been with me—Goldstein said, "That's right, come on"—I do not know what he meant—I did not know the gentlemen were police officers, but they said, "Come on," and took the prisoners to the station—when they attempted to strike they said, "We heard what you were doing."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The conversation lasted ten to fifteen minutes—an officer and another man, or two officers, saw us home from the Court, because we were afraid—I did not tell the officers where we were going that evening—I came from Russia five years ago to some relations in Leeds, who were bad to me, and I came to London—I was in Leeds three years—I went to an aunt of mine—I was employed as a finisher in tailoring—I name to London alone, and went to the Cambridge Road, among strangers—I asked a woman where I could get lodgings—I tried to get work—I began to lead the life I am living about two years ago—I do not know Abraham sack, nor Robinson—I have been living three months with Harry Zisman—he told me he was a working man, and would take me off the streets,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190502060024"/>
<p>but he said, "Go on the streets and get some money" and he went away, and I found out that he had three months in Pentonville—he lived on my prostitution—I have not lived with anybody else—I have known Rubenstein nine or ten months and lived with her eight—no man lived with us—I was with Zisman in March—I went to Pentonville and told him I did not want him any more I have seen missionaries, who are arranging as to my future—I have not been in Warschawski's restaurant with Sack or Robinson—I have Keen Woolf there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">He-examined.</hi> I did not know the men who took the prisoners were officers; they were in plain clothes—the men who took us home from the Court were in plain clothes—I heard Zisman give evidence before the Magistrate—he is a witness for the defence—I did not see him on the night of the assault.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-134" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-134" type="surname" value="GOODING"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-134" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK GOODING</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective H.</hi>) In consequence of a telegram on January 18th from the Thames police to the Shadwell police I kept observation with Pye on January 19th, 20th, and 21st, for this class of offence among other things—on January 21st I was in Commercial Road dressed roughly, with a muffler round my neck, and a cap—I know Ruben
<lb/>stein and Cohen—I did not see them speak to anyone between the 18th and 21st—I saw the prisoners in Commercial Road. I think, about 10 o'clock, but I am positive I saw them about 11.30 together standing near a coffee stall about 30 yards from Backchurch Lane on the South side of Com
<lb/>mercial Road—I was on the opposite side of the road—I waited there for some time—Pye and I were not together then, but we were, within a few yards of one another—about 12 o'clock I saw the prisoners about 8 or 10 yards from the coffee stall—I saw Rubenstein and Cohen come from Aldgate, and down the Commercial Road, where they passed the prisoners—I saw the prisoners stop them—Woolf was in front of the other one—I crossed and came up within a few yards of where they were standing—I heard Woolf say, "Have you done any good to-night? We want some money"—Goldstein was then close to him—some people passed, and I could not catch the next conversation—next I heard one of the girls scream, "We have got no money"—Woolf put up his left hand and shouted, "Hi! Nell, come here!"—I did not see anybody answer, but I caught hold of him and I think the other one started running—I said to Woolf, "I am going to arrest you, and you must come with me to Leman Street police station"—he said, "All right, governor, we have got nothing. She is only a
<hi rend="italic">pros.</hi>; you know her"—I took him to the station, where the girls told the Inspector their story—he was charged with demanding 2s. of the girls with menaces—in reply he said, "It has got to be proved"—the other man said, "They do not know me"—he was brought in sharp behind me—I know Zisman by sight—I did not see him that night.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have been in the H Division about nine years—I have seen these girls about in the neighbourhood for about eighteen months—I have known their names from other people—I did not receive any instructions except to look into the mutter—they were general instructions.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190502060025"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-135" type="surname" value="PYE"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-135" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED PYE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">detective H.</hi>) I was directed to keep special observation in the Commercial Road on January 19th, 20th, and 21st—on Saturday, January 21st, I was standing opposite the coffee stall in Commercial Road, in plain clothes—I saw the prisoners close to the coffee stall, and the two females coming along from Aldgate—the prisoners stopped them, and I heard them wrangling together—I heard one of the women shout, "We have got no money for you to-night; go away"—I ran across the road—Goldstein was walking hurriedly away—I stopped him—he said, "I
<hi rend="italic">ain't</hi> got nothing. They
<hi rend="italic">ain't</hi> given me anything; you have made a mistake"—I took him to Leman Street police station—the other officer took the other man—when they were charged Woolf replied, "It has got to he proved, sir"—Goldstein said, "They have never seen me before."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have not seen the girls before, to my knowledge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Goldstein, in his defence on oath, said that Woolf Hopped him and asked him how long he had been back from Canada, when the two females passed, and then looked back and shouted, "Do you want any money?" but he could not make out what was the matter, when the officers rushed across and look them.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Woolf, in his defence on oath, said he stopped to speak to Goldstein, whom he had not teen for a lung time, when the girls shouted at them, "Governor, we have got nothing, "but he did not answer; that he urns taken into custody; and that it was a malicious plot arising out of an assault.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Evidence for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-136" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-136" type="surname" value="WARSCHAWSKI"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-136" type="given" value="POLLY"/>POLLY WARSCHAWSKI</persName> </hi>. I keep a restaurant at 103, Backchurch Lane—the original of this photograph used to come to my place with Mary Sarah Robinson from about three months up to six weeks ago—I have also seen a gentleman named Sack there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Sack came to my place, made a row, and threatened to throw a glass at my head, about two months ago—my place was raided by the police through Abraham Sack—the police did not search the place—my husband lives with me—he was never charged with keeping a gaming house—I have been there nine months—my customers are respectable.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-137" type="surname" value="COHEN"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-137" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED COHEN</persName> </hi>. I am licensee of the Mallard Arms, Commercial Road—I know Rubenstein and Robinson—the original of this photograph is Peter Rubenstein or Robinson—he was charged with assaulting Woolf—Rubenstein lived with Robinson at Cannon Street Road till eight or ten weeks ago—she called at my place for Robinson—they have been in my place a dozen or fifteen times about two years and a half ago.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I came voluntarily to give evidence in the interest of justice after the prisoners were committed—a man named Toby came and asked if Robinson had been in my house—that is the man (
<hi rend="italic">who stood forward</hi>) I know as Toby—I said, "If the girl Rubenstein says she does not know Robinson I shall go and say she does"—I came from Africa after having been in His Majesty's forces ten year's—I have seen Goldstein in my house once or twice—I have seen Sack. Rubenstein, Davis, and Zisman in my house—I do not know "Dutchy."</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190502060026"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I served in the 8th Hussars—I finished my reserve of twelve years in October—as soon as I got my discharge I went into business.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-138" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-138" type="surname" value="NOLETT"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-138" type="given" value="KATER"/>KATER NOLETT</persName> </hi>. I know Sarah Rubenstein—this is the photograph of her husband—they came to fetch the baby every night about three months ago—I have seen them frequently—sometimes one came, and sometimes the other—the man sometimes carried the baby.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I last saw the man about two months ago—my husband and I lived two years ago in Wine Court, but not in Garden Street, Whitechapel.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-139" type="surname" value="GOODING"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-139" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK GOODING</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I accompanied these girls from the Thames Police Court after the case was heard, first on the Monday and again on the Tuesday or Wednesday, by direction of the Magistrate on January 23rd.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>. A gentleman came out of this Court to-day, and asked me who the officers were who saw the girls home on the 18th—I believe I said that Pye went part of the way with me—I was not at the Police Court on the 18th.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t19050206-189-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-189-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-189-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi> </rs>.
<hi rend="italic">They then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to previous convictions of felony.</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GOLDSTEIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">at this court on June</hi> 22
<hi rend="italic">nd</hi>, 1903,
<hi rend="italic">in the name of Alfred Gould and</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WOOLF</hi>
<hi rend="italic">at Clerkenwell on February</hi> 7
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1899.
<hi rend="largeCaps">WOOLF,**</hi>
<hi rend="italic">against whom were three other convictions—
<rs id="t19050206-189-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-189-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-189-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-189-19050206 t19050206-189-punishment-27"/>Five years' penal servitude.</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GOLDSTEIN*</hi>
<hi rend="italic">who received a good character from the Army—
<rs id="t19050206-189-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-189-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-189-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-189-19050206 t19050206-189-punishment-28"/>Eighteen months' hard labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, February</hi> 8
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1905.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050206-190">
<interp inst="t19050206-190" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050206"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-190" type="date" value="19050206"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050206-190-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-190-19050206 t19050206-190-offence-1 t19050206-190-verdict-1"/>
<p>190.
<persName id="def1-190-19050206" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-190-19050206" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-190-19050206" type="age" value="46"/>
<interp inst="def1-190-19050206" type="surname" value="ELLIOTT"/>
<interp inst="def1-190-19050206" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED ELLIOTT</hi> (46)</persName>
<rs id="t19050206-190-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-190-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-190-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>, Having been entrusted by
<persName id="t19050206-name-141" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-141" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-141" type="surname" value="DIESCH"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-141" type="given" value="ALICE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050206-190-offence-1 t19050206-name-141"/>Alice Diesch</persName> with certain property, with instructions to apply it to a certain purpose, unlawfully and fraudulently converted the proceeds of the same to his own use;
<hi rend="italic">Second count.</hi> Converting to his own use £7, with which he was entrusted;
<hi rend="italic">Third count.</hi> Obtaining £7 by false pretences, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JAY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROOTH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-142" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-142" type="surname" value="DIESCH"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-142" type="given" value="ALICE"/>ALICE DIESCH</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Alfred Diesch, who keeps a lodging-house in Hugh Street, Pimlico—last December I met the prisoner at my sister's house in Vernon Street. Clapham—I knew him fourteen years ago, when my husband bought a looking glass and sideboard from him—during the course of conversation I said that I was going to Mayney's in Clapham, to buy two articles for £20—he said I was stupid to do that, as he could do it of half-price in the trade—I said. "Well, I want to exchange a bedroom suite," and he said he would come down the next morning and see it—he came and said he would allow me £4 15s. for it—I told him I was satisfied with that it was sold at auction by him and fetched £5 10s.—he said he would take me to the warehouse, the following Monday, and show me the suite in the rough that he proposed I should buy—he said the warehouse</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190502060027"/>
<p>was Hollington's, in Curtain Road—he told me he got £900 a year, and a 1s. in the £ commission, being employed by Hollington's—he did not say how long he had been there—on December 31st he came and told me the furniture was ready, and it looked beautiful—I paid him on December 19th, when he brought the bill in—he said on that day that he had called for the balance of the money, which was £7—I said, "I would rather see my furniture, Mr. Elliott, as you promised to bring it in"—he laid, "You cannot have it, because the governor will not let it come out of the firm without the bill in paid"—I asked him for Hollington's bill, and, after seeing it was for £11 15s., I handed him £7—the £4 15s. he got for my suite he kept on account—on Saturday, December 24th, some furniture was brought to my house, but the carman would not leave it as it was not paid for—I have got had the furniture and I have lost my £7 cash and the value of my suite, £4 15s.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I saw one of the articles brought by the carman and it was not such as I ordered—the order I had given was from a book of designs—the article brought was not the article the prisoner promised to give me—the furniture was brought on the Saturday, and on the Monday I went to see Mr. Dutton, solicitor—I do not know whether, if the furniture had been left, I should have accepted it or not—on the Saturday night I went to see the prisoner, but he was not at home—I left word that if he did not come and see me, I should put it in the solicitor's hands—on the Monday morning at 10 o'clock I went to the solicitor, and by my instruc
<lb/>tions he wrote a letter to the prisoner—he replied to that letter—he is a distant cousin of my sister's husband—I was prepared to spend £20 at Mayney's for things that the prisoner said he could get for £11 15s.—I thought I was doing him a good turn; he said I was—I paid him the price he asked me, and he showed me the things on paper—one of the reasons for giving him the order was that I should save £8—he told me he could buy them wholesale—my sister was present when he represented what position he held—she is not here to-day—she was not called before the Magistrate—I have no corroboration of my statement—the prisoner told me that if my suite, when put up for auction, did not fetch £4 15s., he would make up the difference—I saw one of these circulars issued by the prisoner [
<hi rend="italic">Stating that he could supply furniture at</hi> 25
<hi rend="italic">per cent. lest than ordinary retail salesman</hi>]—the prisoner called on me on the Monday afternoon, soon after I went to Mr. Button, and told me he would deal with Mr. Dutton—he did not at that interview offer me back my money—a detective was then in my house—I never received a letter from the prisoner offering the money.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> What I have said about the prisoner being at Hollington at a salary of £200 and 1s. in the £ commission is not an invention—I know nothing about the prisoner being an intimate friend of my family—I parted with my £7 to the prisoner in this way: I told him I wanted the furniture in before Christmas and he said he could not supply it till the governor had been paid—I said, "Have you got the bill?"—he said "No, I have left it on the desk at the warehouse. I am going back to fetch it"—he came again at 7 p.m. with the bill, and when I saw it, it had Hollington's name on it—I gave him the money.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190502060028"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-143" type="surname" value="HOLLINGTON"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-143" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT HOLLINGTON</persName> </hi>. I am of the firm of T. & R. Hollington, 54, Rivington Street, Curtain Road, E.C., furniture dealers—I have seen the prisoner before—he was never in our employment—he never re
<lb/>ceived a salary from us of £200, or commission or anything of the kind—he has introduced a few customers to us—this billhead is one we use for shipping goods—it is not one of the ordinary ones made out to customers—I have made enquiries, but cannot find out how the prisoner obtained it—we received an order by telephone from the prisoner for some goods, amounting to £6 10s.—this is the invoice—I told him I wanted the money before the goods were delivered—we received 10s. deposit—I delivered the goods to the address to be paid for before delivery, but the prisoner was not there as arranged, to pay for them, so I had to take the things back again.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> My brother's name is Thomas—he is not here—my first communication with the prisoner was about December 17th—he asked me if I had a 4 ft. 6-wing bedroom suite in stock for £6 10s.—he also wanted a little suite for £1 10s.—I told him I could not do one at £1 10s.—the right price was £4 17s., but I said he could have it for £4 15s.—he ordered the two at the same time—I knew him by name—I attend to the shop and my brother to the dispatching of the goods—my brother was sub
<lb/>poenaed by your clients to attend here, but he asked the detective who had charge of the case if he was wanted, and he said, "No, your brother is the one; he did the business," and so he went away—my brother did not give a proof of his evidence—I went to our solicitor's office, Mr. Turner Charles Square—I have had two or three dealings with the pris
<lb/>oner—I do not think my brother could speak to more orders—I would serve any private customer who came into the shop, as well as the trade—we do not turn money away—we should charge them a little more—I do not know how the prisoner got a blank invoice—I never sent him one. (
<hi rend="italic">The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">directed that the brother should be sent for.</hi>)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-144" type="surname" value="CORDEREY"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-144" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD CORDEREY</persName> </hi>. I am employed by Mr. Arthur Williams Collins, auctioneer, trading as Harding & Co., Wilton Road—last December the prisoner asked us to remove a suite of furniture from Hugh Street—we did so on December 5th—it was sold on December 9th and fetched £5 10s. our charges, including commission, etc., came to 13s. 6d.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-145" type="surname" value="CHAT"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-145" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT CHAT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective B.</hi>) About 5 p.m. on January 8th I saw the prisoner at 14, Hugh Street, the prosecutrix's house—I told him I was a police officer and should like to speak to him outside for a minute—when in the street I told him I had a warrant for his arrest for obtaining £11 15s. from Mrs. Diesch—he denied it—I took him to the police station and read the warrant to him—he said, "I deny it; it is false"—when charged he made the same reply—I did not know Mr. T. Hollington had been served with u subpoena—Mr. R. Hollington Yester
<lb/>day said he had been told to fetch his brother here—I said to him, "I understand you can give all the evidence in the case; you were there all the time and knew of all the transactions"—he said, "So I was"—then I said, "I should not think it is necessary for You to get your</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190502060029"/>
<p>brother, but you had better see the counsel in the said"—I did not tell him not to fetch his brother here.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The only charge in the warrant was obtaining money by false pretences—the warrant mentions several sums—the prisoner went to the station quietly—he bears a very good character as for as I know.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence on oath, stated that he was a buying agent in the wholesale cabinet and upholstery trade; that he had had thirty years' exper
<lb/>ience in the trade; that he had known the prosecutrix fully twenty years; that he never told her he had</hi> £200
<hi rend="italic">a year and</hi> 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">in the</hi> £
<hi rend="italic">commission; that he never represented he was employed by Messrs. Hollington; that they sent him two invoices for the goods, one made out for</hi> £6 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">and the other in blank, so that he could put the price on to charge the customer; that he wrote to them asking when the goods would be sent, when he would pay the carman; that they replied the next day that the goods would be sent that morn
<lb/>ing, but he did not receive the letter till too late to meet the carman; that he received the letter from Mr. Dutton; that he went to see the prosecutrix to arrange the matter, when he was arrested and that he offered her the money back.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Evidence for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-146" type="surname" value="HOLLINGTON"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-146" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS HOLLINGTON</persName> </hi>. I carry on business with my brother—I have seen the prisoner about seven or eight times in our shop—my brother does the selling—the prisoner has sometimes brought people in to buy goods—he did not bring me a sheet of paper as being the statement of the evidence I was going to give here—he gave me a long piece of paper to give to my brother—when goods were brought by him they were invoiced to him—a blank invoice was not, that I know of, supplied to him for his customer—if the prosecutrix had come to us direct, we should have served her—we might have charged her a little more for the goods—the goods supplied to the prisoner were not such as would be sold in the West End at a high price; they were not West End finish.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I never took the prisoner's order—I have asked my clerk whether he sent the prisoner a blank invoice and he said "No"—this invoice (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) is what we call our shipping invoice—we should not have charged the prosecutrix £11 15s. for the goods supplied; we might have charged £6 15s.—the paper the prisoner gave me was a sort of sum
<lb/>mons paper—he told me to give it to my brother.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I never had a proof—the prisoner could not have got one of our invoices unless he came into the office and took one, and we should then have seen him do so.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t19050206-190-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-190-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-190-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">on the third count only. </hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19050206-190-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-190-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-190-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-190-19050206 t19050206-190-punishment-29"/>Three months' imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOURTH COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, February</hi> 8
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1905.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before J. A. Rentoul, Esq., K.C.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050206-191">
<interp inst="t19050206-191" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050206"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-191" type="date" value="19050206"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050206-191-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-191-19050206 t19050206-191-offence-1 t19050206-191-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050206-191-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-191-19050206 t19050206-191-offence-2 t19050206-191-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190502060030"/>
<p>191.
<persName id="def1-191-19050206" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-191-19050206" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-191-19050206" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-191-19050206" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-191-19050206" type="given" value="THOMAS CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS CHARLES SMITH</hi> (18)</persName>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19050206-191-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-191-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-191-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t19050206-191-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-191-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-191-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/> to steal
<lb/>ing three post letters containing orders for £1,12s. 6d., and £9;</rs>
<rs id="t19050206-191-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-191-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-191-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> toforging and uttering endorsements on those orders with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">He received a good character
<rs id="t19050206-191-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-191-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-191-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-191-19050206 t19050206-191-punishment-30"/>two months in the Second Division.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050206-192">
<interp inst="t19050206-192" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050206"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-192" type="date" value="19050206"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050206-192-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-192-19050206 t19050206-192-offence-1 t19050206-192-verdict-1"/>
<p>192.
<persName id="def1-192-19050206" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-192-19050206" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-192-19050206" type="age" value="50"/>
<interp inst="def1-192-19050206" type="surname" value="GOLDMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-192-19050206" type="given" value="SOLOMAN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SOLOMAN GOLDMAN</hi> (50)</persName>
<rs id="t19050206-192-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-192-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-192-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing one fore-quarter of beef, the property of
<persName id="t19050206-name-149" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-149" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-149" type="surname" value="LUSTERNICK"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-149" type="given" value="POLLY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050206-192-offence-1 t19050206-name-149"/>Polly Lusternick</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FITZGERALD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>(
<hi rend="italic">the evidence was interpreted where necessary.</hi>)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-150" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-150" type="surname" value="LUSTERICK"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-150" type="given" value="POLLY"/>POLLY LUSTERICK</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Samuel Lusternick, of 19, Bell Lane, E.C.—I know the prisoner—on Thursday evening, January 5th, I gave him 10s. deposit to buy two fore-quarters of beef for me on the Friday morning—I saw him in the market the next morning and he gave me a receipt for £5 15s. 1d.—I gave him £4 5s. 1d., leaving £1 balance, the price of two fore-quarters of beef being £5 15s. 1d.—I said I would give him the £1 when I had sold some of the fore-quarter—I sent for one fore-quarter, and my man brought it—the prisoner came later in the morning, and I paid him the £1—he said he would bring me the remaining fore-quarter—I waited till 12 a.m. for him, but he did not bring it, so I sent my man to the market to look for him—he did not find him, so I went to the prisoner's house and found him there—I said, "Where is my meat?" and he said, "Leave my house immediately. I will never buy meat for you. I will show you what I can do"—he said that the second fore-quarter was in the hands of a butcher, and he was going to sell it"—I laid, "I am a poor woman; give me my meat," whereupon he said, "You go away," and he drove me out of the house—I called a policeman, who took his address.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-151" type="surname" value="GOLDBURG"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-151" type="given" value="PHILIP"/>PHILIP GOLDBURG</persName> </hi>. I live at 2, Malcolm Street, Commercial Street. E.C., and am a butcher, working for Mrs. Lusternick on Thursday night I saw the prisoner come to the shop, and Mrs. Lusternick gave him 10s. deposit to buy two fore-quarters of beef on the Friday morning—next morning I saw Mrs. Lusternick give him £4 5s. 2d. in the market, saying that she would give him the other £I when she had sold some of the meat, and then he was to bring her the other fore-quarter—he came back and I saw Mrs. Lusternick give him the remaining £1—he never came back with the other fore-quarter.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. He was to bring it to the shop at Bell Lane—Mrs. Lusternick sent a porter for the first fore-quarter.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-152" type="surname" value="KENDAL"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-152" type="given" value="WILLLIAM HENRY"/>WILLLIAM HENRY KENDAL</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Henry Nathan, butcher, of Aldgate Market—on the morning of January 6th the prisoner came to the shop and bought two shorts of beef, at 3s. a stone—the total weight, thirty-eight stone, three dwt, came to £5 15s. 1d.—he paid 10s. deposit, and we gave him this memorandum (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>)—he took one fore-quarter away—he returned about an hour afterwards and paid £4 5s. 1d.—subsequently he brought the remaining sovereign and took away the remaining meat.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190502060031"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-153" type="surname" value="NEWELL"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-153" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM NEWELL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective-Sergeant</hi>). About 5.30 p.m. on January 6th I went to No. 22, Chelsea Buildings, Booth Street, Brick Lane, where I saw the prisoner in bed—I told him to get up, but he only shook him
<lb/>self and covered himself over with the clothes—I again told him to get up, and, on his refusing, I got one of his daughters to interpret for me—I said that I was going to arrest him for stealing a fore-quarter of beef that he had to take to 19, Bell Lane, that morning—I took him to the station, and through an interpreter he was told that he had been given £5 15s. 1d. to purchase two shorts of beef—I asked him what he did with the fore-quarter, and he said in Yiddish, "I sold it to a butcher named Isaacs, of Buckstone Street"—I asked him how much he sold it for, and he said, "I received £1 on account and I was going to receive the balance on Sunday morning"—at the station and on the way there he kept repeating," £3 16s. 1d."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. went to the man's shop to whom he had sold the beef and arrested him for receiving stolen property, but he was discharged at the Mansion House, as there was not sufficient evidence against him—he said that the prisoner had sold it to him, and he had given him £1 on account, the prisoner stating that the beef had been ordered for a wedding which had not come off.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence, said that he had bought two shorts of meat for</hi> £5 15s. 1
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.,
<hi rend="italic">borrowing</hi> £1,
<hi rend="italic">and paying</hi> 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">deposit; that at Mrs. Lus
<lb/>ternick's request he sold them to her, receiving in payment altogether</hi> £3 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.,
<hi rend="italic">and giving her one fore-quarter; that with another sovereign he borrowed from his brother he then took away the other fore-quarter, but that Mrs. Lus
<lb/>tenick would not pay the balance, saying that it was bad meat, and telling him to keep it.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Evidence for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-154" type="surname" value="GOLDMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-154" type="given" value="LEWIS"/>LEWIS GOLDMAN</persName> </hi>. On the morning of January 5th the prisoner, who is my brother, told me that he had bought two fore-quarters of beef, and that he had sold them to Mrs. Lusternick, who had paid something on account, and he had given her one fore-quarter, but that she would not pay him for the other, saying that it was bad meat, and that he wanted £1, so that he could get the other fore-quarter from the wholesale butcher and sell it to somebody else—I lent him the £1.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am a butcher—I was not in the shop when Mrs. Lusternick said that it was bad meat—I have no recognition of the fact that I lent the prisoner a sovereign—I sometimes lend him money as often at three times a week—of course, if he had sold the fore-quarter, he would have paid me—I think this happened about 8.45 a.m.—I cannot say why I recollect this particular loan.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-155" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-155" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-155" type="surname" value="ISENBERG"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-155" type="given" value="KATE"/>KATE ISENBERG</persName> </hi>. I went to Mrs. Lusternick's shop on Friday morning, January 6th, to buy four pounds of meat—the prisoner came in and asked her for some money for Some meat, she said she did not want the meat, and they had a quarrel—she banged some meat on the table and said, "I do not want any more; it is no good for my customers"—I then went out of the shop.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190502060032"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am a hairdresser and have a shop of my own—I go twice a week to do my shopping there thin happened between 8.45 and 9 a.m.—on the Monday morning after, the butcher from whom I buy incest on the other days of the week asked me if I knew on the bother between Mrs. Lusternick and the prisoner, and that in how I came to give evidence—I haw known the prisoner for several years—it was Mr. Jacob, of Liverpool Road, King's Cross., who gave me the information about this case—I always buy live chicken there I said when I heard of it, It is a shame to do such a thing"—Mrs. Lusternick served me herself—the boy stands outside.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-156" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-156" type="surname" value="MITTLESTUCK"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-156" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE MITTLESTUCK</persName> </hi>. About 8.30 a.m. on Friday, January 6th. I went into Mrs. Lusternick's shop and bought three pounds of meat—the prisoner came in and wanted some money—Mrs. Lusternick knocked the meat on the counter and said, "I do not want no more meat off you, because that meat is too common for my customers."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I do nothing—my husband is a baker—on Saturdays or other holidays I always buy my meat at Bell Lane, and at other times I shop near where I live.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Evidence in reply.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-157" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-157" type="surname" value="LUSTERNICK"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-157" type="given" value="POLLY"/>POLLY LUSTERNICK</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I have never seen Mrs. Isenberg or Mrs. Mittlestuck before, and they have never been in my shop.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-158" type="surname" value="NEWELL"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-158" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM NEWELL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I have heard the evidence, given by Lewis Goldman—on the night that the prisoner was charged at the station, Lewis Goldman said there that he gave the prisoner a sovereign over night, that being Thursday night, to buy some meat for him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-159" type="surname" value="CONEY"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-159" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES CONEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective-Sergeant</hi>). I have heard Newell's evidence—I was in his company at the time, and what he says is true.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-160" type="surname" value="GOLDBURG"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-160" type="given" value="PHILLIP"/>PHILLIP GOLDBURG</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I know all Mrs. Lusternick's cus
<lb/>tomers, and I have never seen Mrs. Isenberg or Mrs. Mittlestuck in the shop before—I always serve the customers and Mrs. Lusternick weighs the meat—I remember January 6th particularly, and I never saw the two women.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-161" type="surname" value="KENDAL"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-161" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY KENDAL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I should hardly think that the meat that the prisoner bought was bad, as he came very early in the morning and he had his pick—I have known him as a buyer in the market for some years—if one fore-quarter were bad the other would be as they both would come off the same animal.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19050206-192-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-192-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-192-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<rs id="t19050206-192-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-192-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-192-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-192-19050206 t19050206-192-punishment-31"/>
<hi rend="italic">One month in the Second Division.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050206-193">
<interp inst="t19050206-193" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050206"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-193" type="date" value="19050206"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050206-193-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-193-19050206 t19050206-193-offence-1 t19050206-193-verdict-1"/>
<p>193.
<persName id="def1-193-19050206" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-193-19050206" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-193-19050206" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-193-19050206" type="surname" value="JACOBS"/>
<interp inst="def1-193-19050206" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH JACOBS</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t19050206-193-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-193-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-193-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>. Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t19050206-name-163" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-163" type="surname" value="HUDSON"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-163" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050206-193-offence-1 t19050206-name-163"/>Alfred Hudson</persName>, and stealing from him a watch and chain, his property.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TURNER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. THORN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-164" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-164" type="surname" value="HUDSON"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-164" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED HUDSON</persName> </hi>. I live at 1, Osborn Place. Brick Lane. Spitalfields and I am in the employ of Messers. Sharp & Sons as a stoker—on the night</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190502060033"/>
<p>of January 15th I was passing down Flower and Dean Street, when I saw the prisoner standing in a doorway in company with another man—as I got close to the corner of the street I saw they
<hi rend="italic">had suspicions</hi> of me, and when I had just got by the doorway I heard the prisoner say to the friends he was with, "You have done a nice thing"—soon after, the prisoner came up to me and caught hold of my jacket, and watch and chain—another man struck me a blow in my face with something in his hand, knocking me out of
<hi rend="italic">my tenses</hi>—I cannot say where the prisoner and the other men went—when I gained my senses, I walked on and saw a constable—I told him what had happened—he went to one end of the street, and I went to the other—I saw the prisoner standing in a doorway with another man—I pointed him out to the constable, who said, "Have; on got the right man?" I said, "Yes"—the constable then arrested him—I went to the police station with them, and had my nose dressed—after that I went to the hospital in City Road, where I remained a fortnight—I cannot see so well with my left eye now as I could before the blow.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> This happened about 12.15 a.m.—I left work at 8 p.m., and went to the Cambridge Music Hall by myself, remaining alone the whole evening—I am a teetotaller—the music hall closed at a little after 11 p.m., and I was taking my time going home to Osborn Place, about half-an hours walk; you might walk it in ten minutes if you walked sharp—I looked in some paper shops on the way home—I went home to get an overcoat, as it was cold, and came out again to see a friend, whom I had met on my way—I sometimes get a little queer in the head through a wound I had in my head in the South African Campaign—I told all I remembered it the Police Court—Flower and Dean Street is not a brilliantly lighted meet—there was no light in the doorway in which the prisoner was stand
<lb/>ing—I was not feeling at all well that evening, and I was all of a shake when I passed them—I knew what I was doing—on October 15th I came out from an asylum, where I had been for five months—I have been subject to fits since August 13th, 1900—I have not had any fits since I have been out of the asylum—I saw the prisoner in the same doorway after the assault as I had seen him in before—I have known him for some years—he was alone the first time I saw him—he said, "You have done a nice thing" to a man across the road—when I came down the road the second time, as I was passing by the prisoner he tried to get my watch and chain—I saw him three times—I have been deaf for the last ten months, and it is getting worse—I could hear the prisoner shout, "You have done a nice thing" across the road—[
<hi rend="italic">The witness here retired, indisposed</hi>].</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-165" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-165" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-165" type="surname" value="SULLIVAN"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-165" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>MICHAEL SULLIVAN</persName> </hi>. I was on duty at Spitalfields on the night of January 15th, when the prosecutor came up and complained to me that he had been assaulted and robbed in Flower and Dean street, which is about 100 yards from where I was—I told him to go to one end of Flower and Dean Street whilst I went to the other—he then pointed out the prisoner, who was standing in a doorway with another man, and said, "That is the man who stole my watch, while the other man assaulted me"—the prisoner said, "This man has made a mistake. I know nothing about it"—I took him to the station, and he said, "It is a wonder I did</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190502060034"/>
<p>not break the chain when I pulled it"—Flower and Dean Street is very well lighted, and the common lodging houses there have lamps outside and on the staircases—to Cambridge Music Hall shuts about 11.20 to 11.30, and sometimes later on Saturdays.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prosecutor had his watch and chain on at the time I arrested the prisoner—he said there was no bar on the chain; it was simply drawn across into the pocket the other side.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence on oath, said that he left the Wonderland that evening about 11.45 p.m., and was walking about when he was arrested about 1.5 a.m. by the prosecutor while he was speaking to a man named Goodwin in the doorway of a lodging house; that he did not know where to find Godwin, that he did not commit this robbery.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19050206-193-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-193-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-193-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, February</hi> 9
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1905.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Darling.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050206-194">
<interp inst="t19050206-194" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050206"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-194" type="date" value="19050206"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050206-194-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-194-19050206 t19050206-194-offence-1 t19050206-194-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050206-194-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-194-19050206 t19050206-194-offence-1 t19050206-194-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050206-194-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-194-19050206 t19050206-194-offence-1 t19050206-194-verdict-2"/>
<p>194.
<persName id="def1-194-19050206" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-194-19050206" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-194-19050206" type="age" value="41"/>
<interp inst="def1-194-19050206" type="surname" value="HOLLOWAY"/>
<interp inst="def1-194-19050206" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH HOLLOWAY</hi> (41)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-194-19050206" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-194-19050206" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-194-19050206" type="age" value="56"/>
<interp inst="def2-194-19050206" type="surname" value="HARMAN"/>
<interp inst="def2-194-19050206" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY ANN HARMAN</hi> (56)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-194-19050206" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-194-19050206" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-194-19050206" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def3-194-19050206" type="surname" value="ROBINSON"/>
<interp inst="def3-194-19050206" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HERBERT ROBINSON</hi> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t19050206-194-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-194-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-194-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Feloniously and without lawful autho
<lb/>rity or excuse, being in possession of a forged bank note for the payment of £5, purporting to be issued by the Bank of England, they well knowing the same to be forged.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MATHEWS</hi> and
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LESSE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JOHNSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">appeared for</hi> Holloway;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JENKINS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">for</hi> Harman;
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DR. COUNSEL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">for Robinson.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-169" type="surname" value="COLLYER"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-169" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR COLLYER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Constable City Police</hi>). On December 22nd, in consequence of instructions, I went to the Royal Standard public-house. Wells Street, in the afternoon, when I saw Robinson—I was in the Navy before I joined the police, and I went disguised as a sailor—Robinson said "I believe you wish to do business with me?"referring to a note—I said, "Yes"—we had a general conversation about other matters—he asked me if I was all right—I made this note about half an hour after
<lb/>wards—from the Royal Standard we went to the Red Lion in Leman Street—he asked me how many notes I wanted—I said, "What is the figure?"meaning the price of each note—he said, "£1 each"—I said, "That is too heavy," meaning the price—he said, "It is like this: I am not on my own. I am working for the man who makes the notes so I have to make a bit out of it for myself when I can I said. I will take three now at 15s. each; that is my price"—he said, "I must see the boss, and hear what he says about the price"—I said, "Perhaps you can introduce me to the boss"—he said, "No, I cannot do that, as I do not know enough about you, but if you wait here I will bring one for you to inspect"—that was all that was said—we then went to the Unicorn—we left the Red Lion because two men came in who knew me and, thinking they might recognise me, I thought it advisable to leave—from the Unicorn we went to the George and Dragon in Hackney Road, where Robinson left me, saying he was going to see the
<hi rend="italic">boss</hi>—the George and Dragon is not far from 20, Victoria Street—he returned in a short</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190502060035"/>
<p>time, and said he could not get one, as the
<hi rend="italic">boss</hi> and the old woman had gone to the music hall—after a time I went into the fish shop, which is next door to the George and Dragon—I parted with Robinson just before I went in—he went down Hackney Road—I waited in the fish shop—Robinson returned and said, "They are not back yet"—we then went to the Horns at Shoreditch, which is close to the George and Dragon—Robinson left me there—he was absent a short time, and on his return he called me on one side of the bar saying, "It is all right," and produced a piece of paper, from behind which he showed me what purported to be a £5 note (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) numbered 34350, and dated June 11th, 1904—Robinson said, "There it is; what do you think of it?"—during the conversation he looked up and said, "There is the boss; I will introduce you to him," and he introduced Holloway to me—we were in the private bar—Holloway asked me what I was—I replied, a seaman about to sail for the Mediterranean, where I could get rid of a few notes for him—he replied, "All right"—I was dressed like a merchant sailor—I asked Holloway if he made the notes himself and he said, "Yes, they are very good; what do you think of it?"—I said, "Very good"—he and Robin
<lb/>son then had some conversation, which I did not hear—Robinson came to me and said, "You can have this one for 15s."—I said, "All right" and gave him the money—he asked for 1s. for himself, which I gave him—Harman came into the bar while the conversation was going on, she stayed by Holloway's side—after I had bought the note Robinson went across to them, and eventually beckoned me over to them—Holloway said to me, "That is the only one I can let you have at present, but could let you have two more by Saturday afternoon, as it takes forty-eight hours for them to dry"—I said, "All right"—the 22nd was Thursday—Robinson said in the other prisoners' hearing, "For God's sake do not try to split them in the United Kingdom, or you will get done in"—shortly afterwards Holloway and Harman left the house together—I left with Robin
<lb/>son, and left him at the corner of Commercial Street—the same evening I give the counterfeit note to Inspector Ottaway, who initialled it in my presence—after each meeting I made a report to Ottaway, who had charge of the case—on Saturday, December 24th, I met Robinson at the Royal Standard—we went to the Horns—he left me for a short time—when he returned he said, "I have seen the
<hi rend="italic">boss</hi>" at the same time producing from an envelope two Bank of Engraving notes—I said, "They are no good to me"—he said, "No; they are
<hi rend="italic">flash</hi> ones, but they are all the
<hi rend="italic">boss</hi> has got by him"—I did not take one of them—on December 27th, at 5 o'clock, I met Robinson at the King Lud, on Ludgate Hill—from there we went to a coffee house in Bishopsgate Street, and then to the Horns—we got there shortly before 7—I then said to him, "What about the busi
<lb/>ness?" meaning the note—he replied, "All right, I will go and see the boss directly; it is no good me going in before 7"—he left the Horns and returned in a few minutes, saying, "There is someone following me, so I will wait a few minutes"—after a short time he went out again to see the
<hi rend="italic">boss</hi>—he returned shortly and said, "You cannot have any more notes unless you let the
<hi rend="italic">boss</hi> have the one you bought the other night, as</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190502060036"/>
<p>that was his copyright, and he cannot make any more without it"—I said, "I cannot do business like that, but if you like, tell the
<hi rend="italic">boss</hi> to come and see me—we can talk the matter over"—he said, "All right, I will see what I can do"—he left the bar and returned in a short time with Holloway, who said, "I remember you from Thursday night"—he and I went into another bar, and I said, "What about the business?"—he said, 'I cannot make any more for you unless you let me have the one you had the other night, as it was my copyright; I have no machine, but do it all by hand; I will give you my address, but it must be in strict confidence between us"—he asked the barman for a pencil and paper to put his name and address on—the barman gave him a piece of paper, and he wrote his name and address upon it: "J. Harman, printer, 20, Victoria Street, Cooper's Gardens, Hackney Road"—he made an appointment for me to meet him on the 28th, and said I could bring the one he sold me or a good one the latter would suit him better—I replied, "All right"—he said, "How many do you want?"—I said, "Five"—he replied, "All right"—he then said, "When you knock at the door, if my wife comes, say,' An invitation from Joe '; if my daughter comes, say the same, and you will he admitted. You can then see me make them, and you can have what you want at 10s. each. If you require any more while you are away you must let me know and I will send them to you. Don't have any
<lb/>thing to do with Robinson, as he is robbing us both. He only gave me 5s. out of the 15s. which you paid for the note on Thursday. My wife know what is going on, but my daughter does not. My wife is much older than me; in fact, she is
<hi rend="italic">boss</hi>, so you will have to talk with her, but we must be careful, as there are some policemen who live close by"—I entered into the ordinary conversation—on December 28th, about 8 p.m., I went to 20, Victoria Street, Hackney—I knocked at the door—a young woman opened the door—a voice asked who was there—I said, "An invitation from Joe"—I got into the house—I found Holloway there with some friends—no business was done that night—I went out into Victoria Street with Holloway, and had some conversation with him—he said to me, "Have you got a good one with you?" meaning a note—I replied, "Yes"—he said, "Let me look at it"—I gave him a note—this is the one, number 73334—he examined it with a lighted match and said, "It is poor paper, but I can see it was good one"—he asked me to leave it with him and he would get the others ready by the next evening—I said, "No, I cannot do that, as I do not know much about you"—he said, "Well, you know where I live if you think there is anything wrong"—I said, "Can't you do them to-night?"—he replied, "No, I cannot leave my friends and go upstairs, as that is where I do the work; so if you can't leave the note with me to-night you must come to-morrow night at 7 o'clock and bring the note with you, and I will have everything ready except the transfer, as me and my wife will be alone"—I replied, "All right—next night I went to his house about 7.30 p.m.—Holloway opened the door—I went into the front room, and Holloway said, "I am a bit of a carpenter"—he was making this frame (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>)—it is a kind of easel—he said, "I Suppose you know what this is for?"—I said, "Yes "after he had</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190502060037"/>
<p>finished he stood the easel on the table in this manner—then he took from the table a frame with a piece of glass in it, covered with a piece of white paper—he then asked me for my note, which I gave him—I cannot place this paper as it was then, because it was pasted over the note, or had some sticky substances to keep the paper in its place—this lamp (
<hi rend="italic">Pro
<lb/>duced</hi>) was placed on the table behind the easel—I watched him—he then took a piece of pencil and sat down on the stool and took a copy from my note on to the piece of white paper; this is the result—Harman was present, and part of the time her daughter—the operation took two and a half to three hours—when it was finished Holloway put it into this little black box with the frame, and the easel he put on the floor under the piano—I asked him if he would make the other notes from that copy, and he said. "Yes, but it must be inked over first"—Harman was prevent when that was said, but not the daughter—Holloway said the daughter knew that he made Rank of Engraving notes, but not the other ones—I said, "We cannot do business"—he said, "If you like to write I can send them to you. Don't be afraid to send the money; you will be sure to get the notes. You have got my address, so I cannot afford to lose my place for a couple of pounds"—I said, "No, it would be rather too danger
<lb/>ous"—he said he would send them to any part of the world if I liked—he handed me back the genuine note—Harman was then present, but not the daughter—after the daughter had left the room Harman said, "She knows we make the Bank of Engraving notes, but not the others; we could not trust her. We might have a few words and she might open her mouth "—that is all that happened in the house then—I left about 10 o'clock—nothing was said on that evening about inking the tracings over—that was mother time—Holloway showed me some Bank of Engraving notes that evening—I was present on the 30th at the arrest of Harman.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JOHNSON</hi>. I was with Robinson a good while on the 22nd—we visited three or four or five public-houses before I saw Holloway—I first saw him at the Horns, when I went into the public-house with Robinson—we had some rum—when Holloway and Robinson came into the Horns, Holloway did not stand at the back while Robinson spoke to me—when Robinson produced the note I had had no conversation with Holloway—I do not remember saying at the Police Court that, to the best of my belief, the note produced to me then was the one shown me by Robinson—I identified it by the initials—I handed the 16s. to Robinson and it was before that that he introduced Holloway to me—that is the only forged note I saw that night, or in connection with this case—the whole of that transaction took a very few minutes—I took the forged note away and gave it to Ottaway directly afterwards—it did not then go into Hol
<lb/>loway's possession—I never saw him even look at it—he offered me some Bank of Engraving notes—they are used by men on the turf for the purpose of pretending they are
<hi rend="italic">flash</hi>—I do not say that they do not intend to deceive anybody—I have heard there is a considerable trade in them, they are called "lils"—Holloway first asked me to give back the forged note—subsequently he said the other one would do—he never showed me a forged Bank of England note—I do not know how Bank of Engraving</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190502060038"/>
<p>notes are made—I do not know how the forged note was made—the pencil drawing would not be put into circulation.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JENKINS</hi>. I only saw Harman to speak to on the 22nd and the 29th—I did not take any note of the time that she came into the Horns—it was in the afternoon—I should not like to say if the had a shawl over her head or not—I did not notice her drop anything, or if she had anything in her hand—I did not notice her ask for anything in a jug at the bar, or drop the change, or a man pick it up—I took very little notice of her when she came in; only sufficient notice to know her again—the bar is a good big one—I believe the district is pretty populous; I do not know much about it—there were other people in the bar; I cannot say how many—Holloway came in before Harman—I had had some conversation with him before she came in—that is when he told me he made the notes—when Harman came in Robinson left me and joined her and Holloway—up to that point Harman had not heard a word of the conversation—the only part that she could hear was, "This is the only one I can let you have at present. I could let you have two more by Saturday afternoon. It takes forty-eight hours for them to dry"—I said, "All right"—Robinson said in the hearing of Holloway," For God's sake don't try to split that in the United Kingdom or you will be done in"—Harman was sitting within hearing distance—I cannot say if she is deaf—I did not see or speak to her between December 22nd and 28th—no business was done on the 28th—her daughter is about twenty-two years old—she is married—she was back
<lb/>wards and forwards during the whole time that Holloway was tracing the note—she could not see the front face of the note he was tracing—he con
<lb/>cealed nothing when the girl came into the room.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DR. COUNSEL</hi>. I went to the Royal Standard about 5.20 on December 22nd—I was there several minutes before Robinson came in—he came towards me and sat at the end of the bar—I cannot say how long I was with him in the Royal Standard—I think we had a half quartern of rum each—it was not a stiff glass—then we went to the Red Lion—I think Robinson had rum there—I cannot say how much—I had a glass of mild and bitter—we were not there many minutes—we had not finished our drink when it was time to leave, because of the two men who came in—Robinson finished his drink before we left—then we went to the Unicorn—we were only there long enough to have a drink; I had mild and bitter—I cannot say what Robinson had; I believe he had a drop of rum cold—I cannot say how much—it was rather a cold night—we were there about ten minutes—I have entered the time in my note book—we went to the George and Dragon—we had no conversation there with regard to the note—I believe I had mild and bitter, and Robinson rum—I cannot remember how much he had—I have not got the time down that we were at the George and Dragon—then we went to a fish shop—we were there long enough to have supper—we had no drink there—we went to the Horns for a drink—I cannot say for certain what we had there—I asked Robinson to drink—I paid for them—I did not always ask him—he asked me in some cases to treat him he had no money—he suggested more drinks than I should—I cannot say how many drinks we had in the Horns—it was during</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190502060039"/>
<p>the drinking that he produced the note—I identified it by the initials in the corner—I cannot say how long it was after I received it that the in
<lb/>spector initialled it—after Holloway came in we had some drink—I do not know what time that was, or when we left the public-house—after we left we went to the corner of Commercial Street—we did not take anything to drink on the way—I left Robinson at the corner of Commercial Street—that is not a long way from the Horns—Holloway and Harman left the Horns before we did—I am sure we did not leave with them—after parting with Robinson I met Ottaway—I cannot exactly say where—it was a very few minutes after I had left Robinson—I met Robinson on December 24th at 4 p.m.—we had a half quartern of rum each at the Royal Standard—I do not remember how long we stopped there, or how many drinks we had—we then went straight to the Horns—I cannot say how many drinks we had there—we had some drink—he produced from an envelope two Bank of Engraving notes and said, "They are all the
<hi rend="italic">boss</hi> has got"—I said they were no good to me—he knew what I wanted—I told him the first night I met him that I wanted £5 Bank of England notes—I did not say forged ones.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Robinson was not drunk on December 22nd.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-170" type="surname" value="ATKINS"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-170" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES ATKINS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective, City</hi>) On December 22nd I was keeping observation in Wells Street, Leman Street—I saw Robinson go into the Royal Standard about 5.20 p.m.—I saw Collyer sitting the saloon bar, tailing with him—about 6 o'clock they went to the Red Lion and re
<lb/>mained there about fifteen minutes, then to the Unicorn and then to the George and Dragon—about 7.50 I saw Robinson leave the saloon bar there—I followed him—he went to 20, Victoria Street—upon the door there is a brass plate with the name, "G. Harman, Printer"—a woman answered the door—he spoke to her—it was a foggy night—I could not hear what he said, but the woman answered "No"—he went into the house, remained there a few minutes, and then went back to the saloon bar of the George and Dragon and joined Collyer—about 8.451 was watching 20, Victoria Street—I saw Robinson come there—the same woman opened the door—he said, "Has he come home yet?"—she said, "No, they were only just gone out when you were here before"—he said, "Tell them I want to see them particularly; I shall be round in the fish shop"—she said, "All right, I will send them round to you"—Robinson went to the fish shop, which is next door to the George and Dragon, and joined Collyer there—I went into the shop, but could not hear what was said—they went to the private bar of the Horns—20, Victoria Street, is not far away from the George and Dragon and the Horns—at 9.15 Robinson came out of the Horns, living Collyer behind—I followed him to 20, Victoria Street—he knocked at the door—I left another officer watching and went back to the Horns—at 9.45 Robinson came back to the Horns with a man who I now know as Holloway—Robinson went into one bar, leaving Holloway in another—I know Collyer and another man were in the bar—Robinson soon after
<lb/>wards went into the same one—I did not go in—I was on the opposite side in another bar—I saw Collyer, Robinson and Holloway all talking to
<lb/>gether—I did not see Harman—at 11 p.m. I saw Holloway and Robinson</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190502060040"/>
<p>come out of the Horns and go to Cooper's Gardens—on December 24th, at 5.10 p.m., I was keeping observation opposite 20, Victoria Street—Robinson came and knocked at the door—Holloway came out and spoke to him—Robinson returned by himself to the Horns and joined Collyer—on December 27th I was keeping observation in Hackney Road—at 7.20 p.m. I saw Robinson coming down Hackney Road—he went down Cooper's Gardens—he returned at 7.35, went to the Horns and joined Collyer—I saw them talking together in the private bar—at 8.5 Robinson came out of the private bar alone and went in the direction of Victoria Street—he was followed by the late Detective-Inspector Orsman—I remained in Hackney Road—at 8.15 Robinson came out of Coopers Gardens with Holloway—they went into the private bar of the Horns and joined Collyer—I saw them talking together—at 8.25 Collyer and Holloway came out of that bar and went into another, leaving Robinson in the first—I went into the bar and saw them sitting together, talking very deeply—they came out a little before 9 and parted—I followed Holloway down Hackney Road to Victoria Street—on the 26th, at 7.55, p.m., I saw Collyer go to 20, Victoria Street—he came out about 9 with Holloway—they went to the Horns—they stayed talking in there until 9.25—they returned to Victoria Street—at 10.15 they came out of Cooper's Gardens and went to Shoreditch Church, where they parted—on the 29th, at 7.25 p.m., I was in Victoria Street and saw Collyer go into number 20.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JOHNSON</hi>., When I went into the Horns on the first occasion Collyer and Robinson were talking together, and Holloway was with another man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JENKINS</hi>. I did not say at the Police Court that the woman had said, "All right, I will send him round"—I said, "Them."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DR. CONSEL</hi>. When I saw Holloway and Harman come out of the Horns at 11 o'clock Robinson had already left.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-171" type="surname" value="OTTAWAY"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-171" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN OTTAWAY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector, City Police</hi>). On December 22nd I was in the neighbourhood of the Horns, when Collyer brought me this forged note (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) which I initialled—I had been keeping observation during that evening, and can give a detailed account if necessary, and I say the same with regard to December 24th, 27th, 28th and 29th—between those dates Collyer was acting under the orders of his superiors—when he gave me the note on December 22nd he was quite sober—on the morning of De
<lb/>cember 30th I arrested Holloway in Chiswell Street—I said, "I am a police officer and shall arrest you on the charge of forging and uttering on the 22nd inst a £5 Bank of England note"—he said, "You have made a mistake"—on the way to the police office he said, "What makes you suppose I have done this?"—I said, "This is the charge against you"—I took him to the police station, and said, "I want to see what property you have upon you"—he said, "Before you go any further, I want to say I have some
<hi rend="italic">lils</hi> on me which I was going to sell. My wife's uncle used to make them; he has been dead about four years and left about 1,000 behind"—I said, "What are
<hi rend="italic">lils?</hi>"—he said, "They are Bank of En
<lb/>graving notes which people have to make them appear
<hi rend="italic">flash.</hi> I know nothing about Bank of England notes. I have never seen one in my</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190502060041"/>
<p>life"—I found 19 Bank of Engraving notes for £5 and 3 for £10 on him; also this memorandum: "Paquin, 10, Denbigh Street, London, W."—later that morning I went to 20, Victoria Street, Hackney Road, with lnspector Holmes—we knocked at the back door—a woman answered that the door was bolted, and after some delay we forced the door and entered the house—I saw the prisoner Harman sitting on the bed—I told her who we were and the charge—she said, "Good gracious me, I have never seen a Bank of England note; only Bank of Engraving. I have seen that man before "(pointing to Collyer), "having a drink with Hollo
<lb/>way. I did not see what they were doing. You say we have been chang
<lb/>ing Bank notes; I have never seen one"—the house was then searched—that was directed by Inspector Holmes—amongst the articles found, I found this pencil tracing of this £5 Bank of England note—I showed it to Harman—she said she had never seen it—there were some letters found—one upon the kitchen mantelpiece (
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>): "19th December, 1904. Dear Mrs. Harman,—Jack Wilson gave me your address and told me to mention his name. I want three fifties and the rest twenties and tens for the enclosed postal order. Send them to this address as soon as pos
<lb/>sible. J. Marsden. Send those with the blackest ink"—other letters were also found, principally addressed to Mrs. Harman—they come from Manchester, Newcastle, Salford, and Birmingham—they have relation to forged or flash notes—later that same day I arrested Robinson at the White Hart, Holborn—I said, "I want to speak to you outside; we are police officers. I am going to arrest you on a charge of being concerned with a man named Holloway and a woman named Harman for being concerned on the 22nd inst. in having forged and uttered a £6 Bank of England note"—he said, "I know absolutely nothing about it"—I took him to Old Jewry—on the way he said, "Who do you say I am charged with?"—I said, "A man named Holloway and a woman named Harman, of 20, Victoria Street"—he said, "I do not know them or where they live"—he was searched at the police office, and on him was found a Bank of Engraving note—when that was found he said, "Now it it coming to me"—a visiting card was found on him with the name, "F. C Pearce"—a letter was also found from a correspondent at Cambridge, signing himself, "Yours sincerely, Eddie"—the three prisoners were charged at the station—I then produced the forged note and the tracing—I said to the prisoners, "This is the document you are charged with forging, and this I found at your house, Holloway"—he said, "It is false; I have never seen a forged note. A man came to my house on Christmas Eve and said a man wanted to see me very particular. I did not know the man. The other man said, 'I know you sell
<hi rend="italic">lils</hi>,' and asked me if I would print a note for him. I said, 'Not for you or Jesus Christ.' He said 'That's him,' pointing to Collyer. Next night he came and threatened to shoot me if I did not make one for him. He said, 'Take a copy from this and make two by to-morrow morning.' The first time I saw him was on Christmas Eve. He sent a man over to my house; I have not seen that man since. The first time I saw him (pointing to Collyer) was in a public-house; the other man took me to him. When I left him last night</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190502060042"/>
<p>I went home, and the
<hi rend="italic">missus</hi> said to me, 'What business has there been on?' so I told her. She said, 'For God's sake don't have anything to do with it. When he comes to-morrow morning tell him to do it himself'"—pointing to the tracing he said, "I knew all about that being in the box; that's what I did last night as he promised me money"—pointing to the forged note, he said "I have never seen it before "Harman said, "I knew nothing about it; it has never been in our house"—I said, "Evidence will be called to prove Robinson got the note from Holloway and sold it to Collyer for 15s., and that Robinson afterwards gave Harman the money"—Holloway said, "It is false; we do not know this man," pointing to Robinson—Harman said, "I have never seen this man (Robin
<lb/>son) in my life"—Robinson made no reply—Holloway described himself as single, and Harman said she was a widow—I and Holmes found this printing type at 20, Victoria Street—they were left as they were found—I also found type letters consisting of "land "and "k "in the same size type as "Bank of Engraving "; also some copper plates with "5 "and" "10" cut out from them, and this plate with "ten "engraved on it—it is from that plate this impression is taken.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JOHNSON</hi>. I come across a good many people with Bank of Engraving notes—they are used by men getting their living by fraud—confidential trick men generally carry them; they also use them for appearing to be flush with money—there are a large number in circulation and have been for years—I should say these plates have been cut out recently, within the last month or two; it may be within the last week or two—there was a complete copper plate and a Bank of En
<lb/>graving note and three stones—I found nothing on the stones except what related to the Bank of Engraving—all the Bank of Engraving notes have ap
<lb/>parently been printed from lithographic stones—the Bank of England note has been drawn by hand; the letters "L, a, n, d," were loose, but all in the same box—since they were found they were put together and printed by the police—the "ten "could be used on a Bank of Engraving note or a Bank of England note—I found nothing from which a Bank of England note could be printed, or a Bank of England note set up in any form.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JENKINS</hi>. When Harman said, "I know nothing about it, I have never seen it," she was referring to a forged note—it is supposed that Harman received the money for the note from Robinson; it has never been given in evidence.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DR. COUNSEL</hi>. I marked the note that Collyer brought between 11 and 12 p.m.—that was not the first time I saw it—I saw it in Kingsland Road immediately after he bought it—he came out of the Horns leaving the three prisoners, and showed it to me—I examined it, and gave it back to him and he went back to the Horns—it was after Holloway and Harman had left the Horns that I saw it for the first time—they left about 11 p.m.—Collyer was to go back and join the prisoners—I thought it possible that Robinson would want to see the note again, so I thought it was not advisable to tamper with it then—I got a report in writing from Collyer next morning, I think about 10.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JENKINS</hi>. I have not noticed that Harman is deaf.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190502060043"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> These Bank of Engraving notes have been passed as genuine Bank of England notes—they are issued in large quantities in this country—the plant I found at 20, Victoria Street, was sufficient to turn them out in any number.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-172" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-172" type="surname" value="HOLMES"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-172" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK HOLMES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Chief Inspector, City Police</hi>). On December 30th I went with Ottaway to 20, Victoria Street—I searched the premises and produce a list of the things I found there—amongst them there was a black box containing this frame and a quantity of paper and tracings—I also found this easel and some stones for making Bank of Engraving notes—the things which Ottaway spoke to were also found there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-173" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-173" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-173" type="surname" value="MCLEAN"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-173" type="given" value="HUGH"/>HUGH McLEAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective, City</hi>). On December 28th I was keeping observation on 10, Denbigh Street—I saw a man come there and later on that day he was joined by Robinson—this (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) is a photograph of that man—he left 10, Denbigh Street, with Robinson—they remained together for some time during that day—on December 30th I saw the same man come from 10, Denbigh Street, and go to Piccadilly Circus—by that time the newspapers had got placards out announcing the arrest of certain forgers, and I saw the man's attention called to one of them—I kept him under observation for some considerable time that afternoon—he went and knocked at the door of 20, Victoria Street, where Holloway and Harman had been living.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-174" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-174" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-174" type="surname" value="SWANN"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-174" type="given" value="EVA"/>EVA SWANN</persName> </hi>. I am the daughter of Mrs. Emma Swann, and live with her it 10, Denbigh Street—she lets lodgings—in December last I remember having some lodgers named Mr. and Mrs. Paquin—I do not know if parcels came for them in that name—I remember one Saturday evening opening the door for Robinson—I do not know the date—I had only seen him once before—I also saw him at Brixton, where he was placed among a number of others.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-175" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-175" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-175" type="surname" value="HELEN"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-175" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES HELEN</persName> </hi>. I live at 106, Western Park, Crouch End, and I am manager for the foreign money department at the Credit Lyonnais at 4, Cockspur Street—on November 15th a bank note was received by us from the Union of London and Smith's Bank, Charing Cross—on November 26th we exchanged some French money for a person who inquired for it and in exchange gave away that £5 Bank of England note—I made out this memorandum—this note bears our stamp—I passed the note away about 10 a.m.—the customer gave the name of Pearce.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DR. COUNSEL</hi>. We always note the name of a man to whom we sell a note—we have special rules to ask the name of a person when we give bank notes.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-176" type="surname" value="REEVES"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-176" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM REEVES</persName> </hi>. I live at 23, Tottenham Court Road, and am an assistant to Mr. James Smith, pawnbroker, of that address—on November 23rd a lady's coat was pledged with us in the name of Mr. Paquin, of 10, Denbigh Street, Pimlico, this is the pawn ticket—on November 26th the coat was redeemed between 1 and 2, a £5 note was given in pay
<lb/>ment—on November 29th, I sent six £5 notes to the Tottenham Court Road Branch of the London, City and Midland Bank to be exchanged for gold and silver—that £5 note was amongst them—I had previously had</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190502060044"/>
<p>dealings with Paquin, and once or twice afterwards—this is a photograph of the man who gave his name as Paquin.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-177" type="surname" value="SHUFFELL"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-177" type="given" value="MARTIN EDWARD"/>MARTIN EDWARD SHUFFELL</persName> </hi>. I am a cashier at the Tottenham Court Road Branch of the London, City and Midland Bank—on November 29th Messrs. Smith, who trade as James Smith, pawnbroker, at 23, Tottenham Court Road, sent some £5 notes to he changed at the bank, amongst them was this one numbered 34350, dated June 11, 1904—those notes sent to the Bank of England the same day.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-178" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-178" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-178" type="surname" value="SWANN"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-178" type="given" value="EMMA"/>EMMA SWANN</persName> </hi>. I live at 10, Denbigh Street, Pimlico—I had Home lodgers named Mr. and Mrs. Paquin at the end of November and the beginning of December—I recognise this photograph as that of Paquin—a parcel came for them in the name of Pearce.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-179" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-179" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-179" type="surname" value="GOUDGE"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-179" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>ALEXANDER GOUDGE</persName> </hi>. I am deputy principal in the Bank Note Office of the Bank of England—this note, number 34350, for £5 is a forgery—a genuine note of the same number was issued to the Union of London and Smith's Bank on November 11th, and returned to the Bank of England on November 30th, 1904.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JOHNSON</hi>. I have seen many forged Bank of England notes—I have never seen one exactly like this—I have seen pen and ink forgeries, but better than this—I should not say this is the worst forgery I have ever seen.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JUSTICE DARLING</hi>
<hi rend="italic">said that he was of opinion that there was not sufficient evidence of Harman being in possession of the note. The Jury therefore returned a verdict of</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19050206-194-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-194-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-194-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HOLLOWAY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBINSON</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19050206-194-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-194-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-194-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19050206-194-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-194-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-194-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-194-19050206 t19050206-194-punishment-32"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-194-19050206 t19050206-194-punishment-32"/>Five years penal servitude each</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050206-195">
<interp inst="t19050206-195" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050206"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-195" type="date" value="19050206"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050206-195-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-195-19050206 t19050206-195-offence-1 t19050206-195-verdict-1"/>
<p>195.
<persName id="def1-195-19050206" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-195-19050206" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-195-19050206" type="surname" value="HARMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-195-19050206" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY ANN HARMAN</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t19050206-195-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-195-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-195-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>was again charged with offences against the Forgery Act and with conspiracy to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MATHEWS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution, offered no evidence, and the Jury returned a verdict of</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19050206-195-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-195-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-195-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday. February</hi> 9
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1905.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050206-196">
<interp inst="t19050206-196" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050206"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-196" type="date" value="19050206"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050206-196-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-196-19050206 t19050206-196-offence-1 t19050206-196-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050206-196-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-196-19050206 t19050206-196-offence-1 t19050206-196-verdict-1"/>
<p>196.
<persName id="def1-196-19050206" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-196-19050206" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-196-19050206" type="surname" value="LINSBERG"/>
<interp inst="def1-196-19050206" type="given" value="LAZARUS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LAZARUS LINSBERG</hi> </persName> and
<persName id="def2-196-19050206" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-196-19050206" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-196-19050206" type="surname" value="LEIES"/>
<interp inst="def2-196-19050206" type="given" value="FANNY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FANNY LEIES</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t19050206-196-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-196-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-196-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assault"/>. Assaulting and imprisoning on
<rs id="t19050206-cd-1" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050206-196-offence-1 t19050206-cd-1"/>January 16th, 1905</rs>.
<persName id="t19050206-name-183" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-183" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-183" type="surname" value="SHIRVELL"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-183" type="given" value="EDGAR ARTHUR"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050206-196-offence-1 t19050206-name-183"/>Edgar Arthur Shirvell</persName>, and de
<lb/>taining him.
<hi rend="italic">Second count.</hi> Imprisoning and detaining the said Edgar Arthur Shirvell.
<hi rend="italic">Third count.</hi> Assaulting the said Edgar Arthur Shirvell</rs>
<hi rend="italic">They both</hi>
<rs id="t19050206-196-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-196-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-196-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi> to the second count.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-184" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-184" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-184" type="surname" value="GILL"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-184" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>MR. ARTHUR GILL</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAHAM CHAMBELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GREEN</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BOHN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The facts as disclosed on the depositions of the said Edgar Arthur Shirvell were that on January 16th he was called at 7.40 to attend the confinement of Mrs. Linsberg; that he attended and ascertained that the birth of the child would not take place for about seven hours: that he went again to the house of</hi> 12.30,
<hi rend="italic">and, finding that the birth was not likely to take place for forty-five minutes</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190502060045"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">of an hour, wished to leave the house, but found that the door was fastened and he was unable to do so; and that he had to wait two hours in the room, the child being born at</hi> 3.15.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Common Serjeant said that he doubted whether a conviction would be food on this point.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">submitted that it was an indictable offence and quoted Pocock v. Moore (Ryan and Moody's Reports</hi>, 321);
<hi rend="italic">Hunter v. Johnson (Law Reports</hi>, 13
<hi rend="italic">Queen's Bench); Stephen's Digest of the Crimi
<lb/>nal Law</hi>, 3
<hi rend="italic">rd edition</hi>, 177;
<hi rend="italic">Hawkins' Pleas of the Crown, Chapter</hi> 60,
<hi rend="italic">Section</hi> 7;
<hi rend="italic">and Russell on Crime.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BOHN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">submitted that in the case of Pocock v. Moore it was the exer
<lb/>cise of a superior authority, that of a police-constable; that in Hunter v. Johnson it was the exercise of parental authority and school discipline; that this case did not come within those decisions; that in all similar cases it was the circumstances that had to be considered and that the ones was on the prosecution to show that this was a criminal offence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Common Serjeant, in delivering judgment, said:</hi> In this case of
<hi rend="italic">The King v. Linsberg and Leies</hi> a very important question arises, and that is whether the mere act of false imprisonment without any assault or battery is not only a wrong for which a civil action could be brought, but is also an indictable offence. I am satisfied, after some doubt, by the authorities quoted by Mr. Gill, that the mere false imprisonment without an assault can be, and in this case is, an indictable offence. The authorities show that the actual imprisonment of a man, depriving him of his liberty (it happens in this case it was by locking a doctor up so that he should not go about his business, obliging him to stay in the house or room of the particular patient)—the authorities show that such an act may be indictable; but there is a real distinction between a civil case which is merely the subject of a civil action, and one which may be made the subject of a criminal prosecution (of course every false imprisonment and assault which may be the subject of imprisonment may also be treated at a cause for civil action for damages) and the difference I am satisfied is this: where a defendant imprisons another without having any belief in a legal right, not by mistake, but without any belief in a legal right, he knowing that he is merely exercising a strong hand and using his own power to imprison a man—where a defendant commits such an act, he is first guilty of what the law calls an assault that is of rather a technical nature , and in the second place of a criminal assault. The case of
<hi rend="italic">Hunter v. Johnson</hi> (Law Reports, 13 Queen's Bench) would seem to be an authority that even where a man believes that he has a right to imprison another, his act may be treated as an indictable offence. I, however, doubt that, but where a man takes upon himself to imprison another, depriving him of his liberty, merely exercising the force and power to serve his own object, without any belief in a legal right to do to, then he is guilty of a criminal assault. As a fact, it is clear on the depositions that this is what the defendants did in this case, but after the plea of guilty there is no need to go further into that—it is conceded by the counsel who appears for the defendants, and, the matter having been argued, I have only to decide that this is a criminal act, that amere false imprisonment</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190502060046"/>
<p>without any lawful authority, without any belief in a lawful authority is a criminal act, and, there being a conviction on this one count, it is unnecessary to state a case for a higher Court to determine the point. As to the prisoners themselves, the case is one in which it is not necessary to inflict any punishment unless the offence is repeated. It in important that they and people of their class, against whom it is useless and hope
<lb/>less to take any civil remedy, because they never can pay any damages, should know that they may be criminally dealt with if they take the law into their own hands in this way."
<rs id="t19050206-196-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-196-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-196-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-196-19050206 t19050206-196-punishment-33"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-196-19050206 t19050206-196-punishment-33"/>
<hi rend="italic">Discharged on their own recognizances in</hi> £10.</rs> </p>
<p>(
<hi rend="italic">For other cases tried this day see Essex and Surrey cases.</hi>)</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday and Friday, February</hi> 9
<hi rend="italic">th and</hi> 10
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1905,</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050206-197">
<interp inst="t19050206-197" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050206"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-197" type="date" value="19050206"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050206-197-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-197-19050206 t19050206-197-offence-1 t19050206-197-verdict-1"/>
<p>197.
<persName id="def1-197-19050206" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-197-19050206" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-197-19050206" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-197-19050206" type="surname" value="WATSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-197-19050206" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE WATSON</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t19050206-197-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-197-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-197-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing a wicker basket containing a quantity of combs and other articles, the goods of
<persName id="t19050206-name-186" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-186" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-186" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-186" type="given" value="ELISABETH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050206-197-offence-1 t19050206-name-186"/>Elisabeth Harris</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEYCESTER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FOWKE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-187" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-187" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-187" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-187" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH HARRIS</persName> </hi>. I am a pedlar, of Waxwell, Pinner—on January 18th I was travelling with my basket of brushes, combs, and things like that—I got into conversation with the prisoner at the Marquis of Granby, Harrow—I was going to Pinner—he gave me the offer to ride in his cart, which I accepted—Pinner is three miles from Harrow—he took my basket off my left arm and put it in his cart—he got up, and I got in afterwards—we drove towards Pinner—we stopped at the Havelock, where I had 2d. worth of peppermint—the prisoner got in the cart, and I afterwards, and we drove to the Roxburgh, about a quarter of a mile further on, where after his pressing me to have stronger liquor I had more peppermint—then prisoner went out—I remained in the house about ten minutes, and then went to look for my basket—the prisoner and his horse and cart were gone with my goods—I gave information to the police and went with them to look for my basket—I waited at the top of the road while they went to 5, Ferndale Terrace, Wealdstone—then I went to the prisoner's house—my basket was in the kitchen on the floor—a pair of slippers, three purses and three nail brushes were gone—I have not seen them since—he was taken to the station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have four children—my husband died four months ago the 14th of this month—I had not seen the prisoner before January 18th—I had had one glass of ale before I met him—I gave him a penny for three oranges and a penny for a dog collar—I was never drunk—I am a respectable woman—I did not ask him to come and live with me—I never saw
<hi rend="italic">that</hi> man (Bowell)—the prisoner did not drive me home—he said he was going to Pinner to sell fish.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-188" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-188" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-188" type="surname" value="HILLS"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-188" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HILLS</persName> </hi> (609 s.) On January 18th I was on duty at Wealdstone in uniform—the last witness made a complaint to me—I went with her and Mann, another officer, to 5, Ferndale Terrace, where the prisoner</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190502060047"/>
<p>lives, about 4.45 p.m.—I went to the front door and Mann to the back, leaving Harris in the street—a woman opened the door—I heard the priso
<lb/>ner shout," Shut," or "Lock the b—door, they are after me"—I know his voice—he is a costermonger—I went straight into the kitchen—the prisoner said, "What do you want?"—I said, "I have come about a basket belonging to Mrs. Harris"—he said, "I pinched the basket, but she pat it in my cart"—he was sober—he had been drinking—the room was partly in darkness, there was no light in the room—in a corner I found this basket, covered with sacks—Harris identified it—when I lifted the basket up the prisoner made a bolt for the door—I seized him by the left arm, and he took up a large knife used by fish hawkers for filleting soles, shouting," I'll chop your I—head off"—he made a blow at my neck, and I knocked the knife out of his hand—we struggled and fell to the floor—I was injured a little—Constable Mann came to my assistance—we carried him into the street, and with further assistance strapped him on an ambulance, and took him to the station—he was charged with steal
<lb/>ing basket, and further charged with wounding.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have known the prisoner about eighteen months—he has been in prison for cruelty to a dog—the record is at Edgeware—he was fined £1 and costs, or fourteen days—from Harris's description I recognised him—I had no warrant.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner's statement before the Magistrate:</hi> "I did not steal them."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence on oath, said that he got drinking with Harris and others, and drove home, but remembered nothing more.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Evidence for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-189" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-189" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-189" type="surname" value="BOWELL"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-189" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY BOWELL</persName> </hi>. I live at Grove Road, Canning Street—I was with the prisoner and Harris on January 18th at the Marquis of Granby, at Green Hill, Harrow—I paid for glasses round, then the prisoner paid, then the woman paid—we had three glasses round—she wanted to stop with the prisoner.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19050206-197-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-197-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-197-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">See next case.</hi>)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19050206-198">
<interp inst="t19050206-198" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19050206"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-198" type="date" value="19050206"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19050206-198-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-198-19050206 t19050206-198-offence-1 t19050206-198-verdict-1"/>
<p>198.
<persName id="def1-198-19050206" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-198-19050206" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-198-19050206" type="surname" value="WATSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-198-19050206" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE WATSON</hi> </persName> was
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted
<rs id="t19050206-198-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19050206-198-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-198-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>for unlawfully wounding
<persName id="t19050206-name-191" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-191" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-191" type="surname" value="MANN"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-191" type="given" value="ALLAN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19050206-198-offence-1 t19050206-name-191"/>Allan Mann</persName>, and causing him grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEYCESTER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FOWKE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended</hi>,</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-192" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-192" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-192" type="surname" value="HILLS"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-192" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HILLS</persName> </hi> (609
<hi rend="italic">S</hi>.) repeated his evidence in the last case and added; Police-Constable Mann, who had gone to the back of the premises came to my assistance, and we carried the prisoner through the passage into the street—he was struggling violently, kicking, and biting—he threw himself on the ground, kicked up his right foot, saying to Mann, "I'll kick your f—head off," and struck him on his left cheek, cutting it in several places—as I caught hold of his arms and leaned over him to hold him when on the ground, he kicked me on my ear, causing a slight wound—Bentley came to help us, and took the prisoner's boots off—we held him till an ambulance came from the station—we sent another civilian for it—I went back, after he was taken to the station, to the house to look for the knife, but the doors were locked, and I got no answer.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190502060048"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The knife went across the floor—we could not secure it then; we had too much to do—Dr. Williams was called.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-193" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-193" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-193" type="surname" value="MANN"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-193" type="given" value="ALLAN"/>ALLAN MANN</persName> </hi> (583
<hi rend="italic">X.</hi>) I assisted Hills to arrest the prisoner—I went to the bark of 5, Ferndale Terrace, Wealdstone—I saw Hills struggling with the prisoner in the ground-floor back room, and went to his assist
<lb/>ance in carrying the prisoner into the street—he threw himself down on his back, and, seeing his feet coming up, I said, "Look out for his feet"—I had hardly got the expression out of my mouth when his foot struck me on my left cheek—at the same time he said, "I'll kick your f—head off"—the blow broke the skin in several places, causing my cheek to bleed—his boot struck Hills on the right side of his head behind the ear—his prisoner was sober.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-194" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-194" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-194" type="surname" value="BENTLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19050206-name-194" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BENTLEY</persName> </hi>. I live at Wealdstone—on January 18th I saw the two police officers struggling with the prisoner in Ferndale Terrace, and went to their assistance—blood was running down Mann's face.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prisoner did not appear to me to be drunk.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19050206-name-195" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19050206-name-195" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp<