<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>Short-hand Writers to the Court,</p>
<p>Law Booksellers and Publishers.</p>
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<p>On the King's Commission of</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>Held on Monday, July 25th, 1904, and following days.</p>
<p>Before the Right Hon.
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-1" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-1" type="surname" value="RITCHIE"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-1" type="given" value="JAMES THOMSON"/>SIR JAMES THOMSON RITCHIE</persName> </hi>, Bart.,
<hi rend="largeCaps">LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; the Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-2" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-2" type="surname" value="RIDLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-2" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD RIDLEY</persName> </hi>, one of the Justices of His Majesty's High Court; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN WHITTAKER ELLIS</hi>, Bart., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-3" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-3" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID EVANS</persName> </hi>, K.C.M.G., Lieut.-Colonel Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-4" type="surname" value="DAVIES"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-4" type="given" value="HORATIO"/>HORATIO DAVIES</persName> </hi>, K.C.M.G., M.P., Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">FORREST FULTON</hi>, Knight, K.C., Recorder of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM PURDIE TRELOAR</hi>, Knight,
<persName id="t19040725-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-5" type="surname" value="STRONG"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-5" type="given" value="THOMAS VEZEY"/>Thomas Vezey Strong</persName>, Esq., and
<persName id="t19040725-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-6" type="surname" value="BURNETT"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-6" type="given" value="DAVID"/>David Burnett</persName>, Esq., other of the Aldermen of the said City;
<persName id="t19040725-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-7" type="surname" value="BOSANQUET"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-7" type="given" value="FREDERICK ALBERT"/>Frederick Albert Bosanquet</persName>, Esq., K.C., Common Serjeant of the said City;
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-8" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-8" type="given" value="LUMLEY"/>LUMLEY SMITH</persName> </hi>, Esq., K.C., Judge of the City of London Court; and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-9" type="surname" value="RENTOUL"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-9" type="given" value="JAMES ALEXANDER"/>JAMES ALEXANDER RENTOUL</persName> </hi>, Esq., K.C., M.P., LL. D., Deputy Judge of the City of London Court; His Majesty's Justices of Over and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery, holden for the said City; and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-10" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-10" type="surname" value="KNILL"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-10" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN KNILL</persName>, BART</hi>., Alderman.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-11" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-11" type="surname" value="REYNOLDS"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-11" type="given" value="ALFRED JAMES"/>ALFRED JAMES REYNOLDS</persName> </hi>, Knt., J.P</p>
<hi rend="italic">Sherifs.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-12" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-12" type="surname" value="TIMBRELL"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-12" type="given" value="ANDREW WILLIAM"/>ANDREW WILLIAM TIMBRELL</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-13" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-13" type="surname" value="LANGTON"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-13" type="given" value="JOSEPH DAVID"/>JOSEPH DAVID LANGTON</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RITCHIE, MAYOR. TENTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">A star (*) denotes that the prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars (**) that they have been more than once in custody—a dagger</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, July.</hi> 25
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1904.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="def1-545-19040725" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="def1-545-19040725" type="given" value="EDWARD WYNDHAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD WYNDHAM MOORE</hi> (39)</persName>
<rs id="t19040725-545-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-545-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-545-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>
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<interp inst="t19040725-545-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to forging and uttering an order for the payment of £45 10s., with intent to defraud,</rs> having been convicted of felony at this Court on June 22nd, 1903.
<hi rend="italic">Several other convictions were proved against him.
<rs id="t19040725-545-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-545-19040725 t19040725-545-punishment-1"/>Three years' penal servitude.</rs> </hi>—,</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-546-19040725" type="surname" value="RYE"/>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY RYE</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t19040725-546-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-546-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-546-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, to stealing a gallon of whisky and a jar, the property of
<persName id="t19040725-name-16" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-16" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-546-offence-1 t19040725-name-16"/>Barrett's Brewery and Bottling Company, Limited</persName>, having been convicted of felony at this Court on February 10th, 1902. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">Four other convictions were proved against him.
<rs id="t19040725-546-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-546-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-546-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-546-19040725 t19040725-546-punishment-2"/>Three years' penal servitude.</rs></hi>
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<interp inst="t19040725-546-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-546-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">And</hi> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-547-19040725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-547-19040725" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-547-19040725" type="surname" value="SARGENT"/>
<interp inst="def1-547-19040725" type="given" value="ROBERT THOMAS"/>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT THOMAS SARGENT</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t19040725-547-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-547-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-547-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, to stealing whilst employed under the Post Office, a post letter containing three postal orders for the payment of 20s. each and one for the payment of (is., the property of the
<persName id="t19040725-name-18" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-18" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-547-offence-1 t19040725-name-18"/>Postmaster General</persName>. </rs>
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<hi rend="italic">Nine months' hard labour.</hi> </rs>
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<interp inst="t19040725-547-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-547-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-548-19040725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-548-19040725" type="surname" value="POPLE"/>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">FRANK POPLE</hi> Stealing</persName>
<rs id="t19040725-548-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-548-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-548-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, whilst employed under the Post Office, a post letter containing an order for the payment of 20s., the property of the
<persName id="t19040725-name-20" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-20" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-548-offence-1 t19040725-name-20"/>Postmaster General</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BIRON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JENKINS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WALKER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-21" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-21" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-21" type="surname" value="KNIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-21" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM KNIGHT</persName> </hi>. I am a confectioner, and live at 88, Stevens Road," West Ham—on March 1st I purchased this postal order for £1 at Stevens Road Post Office—I took the counterfoil off it, and put the order into a letter which I was going to post—this is the envelope, addressed to Mrs. Palmer, Reading Room, Necton, Swaffham, Norfolk—while I was in the office the prisoner came in—I had the order in my hand, and I asked him if he had collected the letters outside—he said, "Yes"—had not put the order into the envelope before the prisoner came in—I had it in my hand when I spoke to him—he could have seen me put it in—he stood by my side—I do not know if he saw me put it in—I sealed up</p>
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<p>the envelope and dropped it in the prisoner's bag—I afterwards heard something from Mrs. Palmer, to whom it was addressed—the prisoner could have seen to whom the letter was addressed if he had liked—I did not write anything on the order before I put it into the envelope—the writing now on it is not mine.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I fastened the envelope securely—I gave it a bang with my fist on the counter—a piece of blotting paper was in front of me there—I should have missed the post if the prisoner had not come in—I was not particularly anxious to catch the post—I think I have mentioned before to-day that I asked the prisoner if he had collected outside—I have been sending postal orders for some time to this address—they were for the support of my father—Mrs. Palmer is my father's sister in law—she looks after him—he is eighty-one years old—I believe I paid 4 1/2 d. for a packet of twenty-five sheets of paper and twenty-five envelopes—, I do not know if the gum on thin envelopes fastens more quickly than that on thick ones—I do not use many—I swear that I put the order in
<lb/>side the envelope; I am positive on that point—I do not remember ever having made a mistake when enclosing anything in a letter for the post—I did not fill in the name of the payee on the order; I never do so—I did not know I ought to do so; I know it now—I very likely made two mistakes in the spelling of the address on the envelope—I never went to the School Board.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I know when I put a thing into a letter—on this occasion I not only remember putting the order into the envelope, but inside the letter.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-22" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-22" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-22" type="surname" value="PALMER"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-22" type="given" value="ANNA ELIZABETH"/>ANNA ELIZABETH PALMER</persName> </hi>. I live at the Reading Room, Necton, Swaffham—I look after Mr. Knight's father—I remember receiving this envelope on March 2nd—a letter from Mr. Knight was inside—there was no postal order for 20s. in it—I wrote to Mr. Knight by return of post.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not receive the letter from the postman—Mr. Knight's father gave it to me—there is no one else to receive it—my cottage adjoins the Reading Room—the letter was closed when I received it—I opened it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-23" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-23" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-23" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-23" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WOOD</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Mr. Greaves, pawnbroker, of To, Leytonstone Road, Stratford—I also live there—on March 4th this postal order for 20s., No. 091517, was received by us with this letter: (
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>) "194, Gloucester Road, Stratford. Dear Sir,—Will you kindly forward to the above these two pledges, and oblige, yours respectfully, G. Ash"—I put the memoranda on it, "Postage 6d., 18s., 2s. change sent"—the pledges were for 18s., and the postal order being for £1, I returned 2s.—I filled the 20s. order in—it was received blank—we cashed it—there were two pawn tickets in the letter to us—they referred to a signet ring, 10s., and a lady's keeper ring, 7s.—the other 1s. was for postage and interest—they were pledged in the name of Ash—we obtained the postal order for 2s. on the same day from the Leytonstone Road Post Office—I sent it in a registered letter to G. Ash. 194, Gloucester Road, Stratford—I did not fill it up, it was sent blank—I do not know how the name "G. Ash" got there—I gave the letter to James Hare to post—I think</p>
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<p>the 2s. order cost 1d.—the next day Hare gave me the certificate for posting the registered letter, and I heard no more of the matter till the Post Office authorities communicated with us—Hare got the 2s. order just before 8 p.m., but he was too late to post the registered letter that night, so did it next morning.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have not the envelope in which the 20s. order was sent us—we destroy all envelopes—I cannot remember by what post it arrived—the pawn tickets are dated February 1st and March 1st—I was sent for to the Stratford Post Office and confronted with the prisoner—he was alone—I failed to identify him as having pawned anything with us.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-24" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-24" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-24" type="surname" value="HAIR"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-24" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES HAIR</persName> </hi>. I live at 171, Harrow Road, Leytonstone, and in March I was employed by Mr. Greaves—I have left there now—I remember in March getting a postal order for 2s. for Mr. Wood from the Leytonstone Road Post Office—I got it about 7.40 p.m.—I gave it to Mr. Wood—I took it to the post about 8.55, but was told it was too late to send it that night, so I sent it next morning—I got this certificate for it, which I gave to Mr. Wood.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-25" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-25" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-25" type="surname" value="SMALE"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-25" type="given" value="ETHEL"/>ETHEL SMALE</persName> </hi>. I am an assistant at the Leytonstone Road, Stratford, Post Office—this postal order for 2s. was issued on Friday, March 4th.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I can only say that it was issued from our office—I do not know to whom it was issued—I issued it—I know nothing about its cashing—it was not cashed at our office.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-26" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-26" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-26" type="surname" value="HAWKES"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-26" type="given" value="WILLIAM JAMES"/>WILLIAM JAMES HAWKES</persName> </hi>. I am a hairdresser, of 194, Plaistow Road, West Ham—I take in letters addressed to customers—I know the prisoner by sight as a postman delivering letters at my shop—I do not take in registered letters or parcels; my customers know that—I occasionally have a customer who asks me to take one in for him—there is no female employed at my shop, only one young
<hi rend="italic">chap</hi> in the barber's shop—I have a wife and my boy, aged seven—I have two girls aged thirteen and eleven—they go to school—about four years ago we had a servant, but not since—this signature "G. Ash" is not in my writing; I do not know whose it is.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I heard about this case about a month before Murray came to my shop with the prisoner—I said at the police court, "The first time I heard about this case was when the detective brought the accused to my shop"—I do not know if that was May 18th—when the detective first came there was no one with him—when the detective,. came by himself he only asked me if I knew a man named Ash—the first time I was asked if a registered letter had come to my shop was when the prisoner came—when Murray asked me about the deliver)' of the letter I knew nothing about it—I do not see why I should not want to know anything about it—I was in a case of this kind last March, but it was not a registered letter—a postman named Biggs used my address for getting letters in a false name—when Murray brought the prisoner to my shop all the letters which I had, had been sent back to the post office—I did not want to wash my hands of the whole business—there is no harm in taking letters in for a customer—I charge a penny for each lette r</p>
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<p>—sometimes people do not call for them, and then I send them back—I do not know if I told the Magistrate that I sent them back the day after Murray called, or the same day—I know they went back—they were no good to me—I swear that I did not receive any letter in the name of Ash this year, and I do not take registered letters in—I only have about nine letters in nine months.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t19040725-name-27" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-27" type="surname" value="HAWKES"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-27" type="given" value="ISABELLA MARY ANN"/>ISABELLA MARY ANN HAWKES</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of the last witness, and help him to manage the shop at 19f, Plaistow Road, West Ham—there is also an assistant aged about thirty—he shaves the customers—we have no woman who helps in the shop—this receipt in the name of G. Ash is not signed by me—I know nothing about it—I have never received any parcels or registered letters there—we never take them in—I do not know whose writing the signature is in—I and my husband arc never away from the shop at the same time.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was first asked about this case when the detective came—I have talked the matter over with my husband.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-28" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-28" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-28" type="surname" value="JONAS"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-28" type="given" value="FRANZ ALBERT"/>FRANZ ALBERT JONAS</persName> </hi>. I am an overseer at the Stratford Post Office—the prisoner has been employed there for about ten years—he was on duty there on March 1st—it was his duty to make a collection from Stevens Road Post Office at 4 p.m.—he should bring the letters he collected there to the Stratford Sorting Office and turn them out on the table—he was also on duty on March 5th—he performed the 10 a.m. delivery of letters in the Plaistow Road—this paper bears the prisoner's signature as receiving a registered letter for delivery; it also bears the number of his uniform in his own writing—this other paper bears the addressees' receipt for that letter, signed "G. Ash"—the prisoner returned it to the office on his return—that is his voucher for the fact that it has been delivered—he has been under my supervision for about two years—I have seen him write daily—to the best of my belief, the signature "G. Ash "is in his writing; it is written in the same coloured pencil as supplied to postmen, as the prisoner's signature—I say the letter to the pawnbroker is also in the prisoner's natural writing—to the best of my belief, the signature "G. Ash" on the 2s. order is in his writing—I have searched the records of registered letters received for delivery in our office during the present year up to the end of May—I only find this one for delivery at 104, Plaistow Road—this (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>), is a list made by the prisoner of the 10 a.m. delivery—it gives a list of the streets where he delivers.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It was the prisoner's duty on March 1st to call at Stevens Road between 4 and 4.5 p.m.—he was due at the office at 4.14—he would have about fifteen minutes to get from Stevens Road to the office—he was up to his time on this occasion—when he came in he turned out the letters he had collected at the pillar boxes—this letter would have been in his personal custody for about fifteen minutes—it is post marked "Stratford, 4.15 p.m.: Swaffham, 3 a.m."—I do not say that it has been delayed—the prisoner would assist in the stamping—there are two stampers—an official is responsible for everything in the office—addressees often sign with the postmen's indelible pencils to save time</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190407250007"/>
<p>—there are other postmen who delivered in Plaistow Road that day,—if the prisoner was not on duty at 10 a.m. he would not have the letter; it would fall in for his delivery—there have been complaints against the prisoner before—I do not know if Murray said at the police court that there never had been—the prisoner has performed his duty in a satisfactory manner, but he has been under observation—he has never been charged.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The prisoner has been working directly under me—the first time he was under observation, I think, was in September—I have had him under observation since that time—Murray had not the same opportunities of observing him as I had—I do not know who made the red marks on the list which the prisoner made.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-29" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-29" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-29" type="surname" value="MURRAY"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-29" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM MURRAY</persName> </hi>. I am a travelling clerk in the secretary's office at the General Post Office—I have been making inquiries lately into the loss of letters in the Stratford Post Office—I had this matter under my observation in May—on May 18th I saw the prisoner at the Stratford Post Office—I told him my name was Murray, that I had been instructed to make inquiries in connection with the loss of certain stolen letters which had passed through his hands—I cautioned him, and said I should take down anything he said and it might be used against him—I showed him the 20s. order, and said it had been purchased by Mr. Knight and had been dropped into his bag on March 1st—I pointed out that the letter reached its destination, but the order was missing, that it had been traced to the possession of Mr. Greaves, and that the letter to the pawnbroker appeared to be in his writing—he said, "It is not my handwriting"—I said, "The pawnbroker purchased a 2s. order and enclosed it. in a registered letter with two rings, addressed to Ash, 194, Plaistow Road. You signed for the registered letter, but you never delivered it at 194, Plaistow Road"—I showed him the tab which he received from the post office—he said that was his signature—I said the signature "G. Ash" was in his writing—ho said, "No; it was signed by the young woman in the shop"—he said he had delivered it—I took him round to the shop and confronted him with Mr. and Mrs. Hawkes—they said they had no young woman in the shop—I asked the prisoner what ago the woman was—he said about twenty-five or thirty years, and that she was doing something in the shop; he did not say what—I suspended him on that day—he was given into custody nearly a month afterwards—I have made a study of handwriting—I have had a good deal of experience in considering handwriting—I asked the prisoner if the list of roads was in his writing, and he said "Yes"—it contains some of the words which appeal in the letter to the pawnbroker—the word "road" is abbreviated with two dashes under the "d" in the list and in the letter—I see "Plaistow" in both documents—I see a resemblance in both words, and in particular in the "P"—it is a somewhat curiously formed "P"—also the capital "W" in West Ham—there are other resemblances which I have noticed—I put the red marks on the delivery sheet for my own guidance in examining the writing and comparing it with the other documents—I have no reason to doubt that the latter is in the prisoner's undisguised</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190407250008"/>
<p>writing—at my suggestion the prisoner wrote a copy of the letter to the pawnbroker from my dictation—I noticed certain similarities between them—I see a dot between the "Dear" and the "Sir" in "Dear Sir," and in the words "Will you kindly forward" there is a very strikingly formed small "f"—the letter which he wrote from dictation is much larger than the other letter or the list—I have compared the signature "G. Ash "which I saw him write with the one on the receipt—I say they are in the same writing, and, in my opinion, in the prisoner's writing—I should say the signature to the receipt is disguised—I say the signa-ture on the 2s. orders are in the prisoner's writing.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I do not hold myself out as an independent expert in handwriting—my duty consists in investigating crimes and so on—the alleged stealing was on March 1st—the prisoner was not arrested till June 15th—I sent for the pawnbroker, and was present when he failed to identify the prisoner—I sent a constable to the pawnbroker—he reported that he found nothing about the case—independent experts in handwriting make mistakes—there was a very notorious case within the last few days in London—I do not suggest that a dot between two words is by itself sufficient to identify writing—some people write similar hands—there is a loop to the "s" in "Ash" in both the letter to the pawn-broker and in the copy.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-30" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-30" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-30" type="surname" value="HOLTHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-30" type="given" value="BARRY"/>BARRY HOLTHAM</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Constable G.P.O.</hi>) I was present on May 18th at an interview between Mr. Murray and the prisoner—I heard Mr. Murray give evidence at the police court—I corroborate what he says—I charged the prisoner—on the way to the station he said, "The ring I once possessed I find I have lost. My wife lent it to my brother, who I think has lost it"—I went and saw Mr. Hawkes on April 14th, and' again on May 18th, with Mr. Murray and the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I searched the prisoner's house—I was not successful in my efforts—apart from this, I know nothing against him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence on oath, said that he delivered the registered letter at</hi> 194.
<hi rend="italic">Plaistow Road, but could not remember to whom, but, to the best of his belief, to a woman aged about thirty-five; that he had not abstracted the</hi> 20
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">order from the letter, and knew nothing about, it; that he did not remember Mr. Knight putting a letter into his post bag, or seeing him in the post office: that he had not written the letter to the pawnbroker; that he knew nobody named G. Ash; that he had not pawned any ring, and was not pressed for money; that he had not signed the addressee's receipt: that he had not signed the</hi> 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">order, and never had it in his possession.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19040725-548-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-548-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-548-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19040725-548-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-548-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-548-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-548-19040725 t19040725-548-punishment-4"/>Twelve months' hard labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, July</hi> 25
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1904.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="t19040725-549" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040725"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-549" type="date" value="19040725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040725-549-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-549-19040725 t19040725-549-offence-1 t19040725-549-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-549-19040725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-549-19040725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-549-19040725" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-549-19040725" type="surname" value="ZEITLIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-549-19040725" type="given" value="HARRIS HYMAN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRIS HYMAN ZEITLIN</hi> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t19040725-549-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-549-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-549-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Feloniously possessing two patterns, each of which would impress the resemblance of the obverse side of coins belonging to the
<persName id="t19040725-name-32" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-32" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-549-offence-1 t19040725-name-32"/>Sultan of Turkey</persName>.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190407250009"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ELLIOTT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GREEN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-33" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-33" type="surname" value="NEAL"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-33" type="given" value="GEORGE HENRY"/>GEORGE HENRY NEAL</persName> </hi>. I am a die sinker and engraver at 49, Percival Street, Clerkenwell—the prisoner called at my shop on June 7th between 4 and 4.30 p.m.—he produced these two drawings, and two impressions, or gutta
<lb/>percha patterns—he asked me the price of cutting punches which would produce one of the impressions and one of the drawings—I showed him a punch—he said that was not what he wanted—I showed him a die—he said that was what he wanted, to produce the impression on one side, and the drawing on the other side of a coin—these two gutta percha patterns are alike, and the two drawings are alike—I asked him if he wanted a collar made to produce the milled edge, and he said he did—the milled edge is always on coins, but not probably on medals—I gave him this estimate of £4 15s. for a pair of dies and a collar to produce the impressions according to his instructions—I asked his name, and he said, "Feinstein"—I asked him for a deposit—he paid me 15s., and I, gave him this receipt—I told him it would take about three weeks—he said that would do—after he left I examined the patterns and the drawings, but did not carry out the order—he came about the 28th and asked if I had got them ready—I said No, and that I should require three or four more days to execute the order—I asked him his address, so that I could write if I had not done them—as he dictated I wrote in pencil "Mr. Feinstein, care of Mr. Hodes, 23, Bedford Square, Commercial Street, E."—my brother went to the Turkish Embassy under my direction—through the Turkish Embassy I got into communication with the police—in consequence of what occurred I wrote this letter to Mr. Feinstein at the address he had given me: "Dear Sir,—I should be glad 'to see you to-morrow respecting the dies on order"—I forgot to date it, but the envelope is dated July 6th—two-or three days afterwards he called—Sergeant Burnham was then in my shop—I told him I could not go any further with the order, as I thought there was something wrong—I asked him for the receipt I had given him, and he gave it to me—then Burnham spoke to him and took him into the room behind the shop.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Ours is an old established shop, and very well known in the trade—I am in the business with my father—one side of the im-pression is that of a Turkish coin—that and the sketch on the other would probably represent no coin—the prisoner said nothing about a prize, or requiring a medal or a coin rather larger than the impression—he seemed reluctant to give any explanation of the sketch—I was to make' two dies—I see the letters "
<hi rend="largeCaps">ISRAE</hi>," and at the bottom "
<hi rend="largeCaps">LITE</hi>"—I put it to him if it had anything to do with' the Zionist caused but he seemed reluctant to say—he would not give me a decided answer—there is "J.Z.," which may stand fox Jerusalem and Zion, and there is the rising sun, which is associated with the rising hopes-of Israel, or "the Zionist movement—I'have done a lot of medals connected with the Zionists' cause—I do not know what other people have done-our standing" is high—people do come and ask us to do wrong.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I have never, in connection with the Zionist movement'</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190407250010"/>
<p>been asked to supply a collar for milling—I got no explanation from the prisoner—generally, customers are free in speech, especially when working out a design.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-34" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-34" type="surname" value="BURNHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-34" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BURNHAM</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant.</hi>) On July 11th I was in Neal's shop when the prisoner came in and conversed with Neal, to whom I had spoken—I heard Neal say, "Have you got your receipt, Mr. Feinstein?"—the prisoner produced this receipt—Neal said, "I cannot make those dies for you; I do not think it is quite right"—I said to Neal, "What does this man want?"—Neal said, "He wants me to make dies these clay impressions," referring to these gutta percha things—I asked the prisoner his name—he said, "Zeitlin"—I said, "Where do you live?"—he said, "162, Commercial Road"—I told him I should arrest him for inciting Neal to make dies from the impressions produced for the purpose of making foreign counterfeit coin—he replied, "I do not wish to make foreign coin; they send them to me and ask me to get them made"—I said, "Who are they?"—he replied, "Mr. Feinstein wrote to me from Jaffa, Jerusalem, about five weeks ago and asked me to get them made for him. Mr. Feinstein was over here about four months ago, and stayed at 23, Bedford Square, Commercial Road; that is where the letters have been addressed, and I have been to get the letters"—I have been to that house—it is an ordinary dwelling house occupied by a tailor and his wife—I took the prisoner to the back of Neal's shop and searched him—I found these two letters, one addressed to Feinstein, with an esti-mate from Neal, and another for Zeitlin from Higginson & Co., stating: "We are in receipt of your postcard of to-day. We do not issue a catalogue or price list for press tools, but we shall be glad to quote you for making tools of any kind on receipt of particulars and instructions"—in addition I found these two gutta percha impressions in his inside breast coat pocket, and this five piastre piece—they correspond with those taken to Neal; also this pocket book in his breast pocket—in the pocket book are numerous names of die sinkers, amongst them the name of Neal—I have been to a lot of them—after searching the prisoner I took him to the City Road Police Station, where he was detained while his house was searched—he was afterwards charged—his reply I wrote down at the time—he said, "I did not mean to make a foreign coin; it is a different kind altogether I asked him to make. I told Mr. Neal to
<hi rend="italic">made</hi> the die for the drawings, not for the coins. I told him that I had an order for the coins, and asked him to make them for me. I did not ask him to make the coins, only the dies. I wanted to make a little profit of a pound or so"—the conversation was all carried on in English—I assisted Sergeant Hawkins to search his house.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prisoner understands what is said to him, but speaks broken English—Mrs. Hodes, to whose care the prisoner's letters were addressed, told me Feinstein was not known at 43, Bedford Square—she had only been there about three months—he was supposed to be staying with her—when I saw the landlady she told me he had not been stopping there either—the letter of July 6th from Neal was addressed to Feinstein—another officer found four impressions of the reverse side</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190407250011"/>
<p>of a twenty piastre piece, the value of which is about 3s. 7d., but we found none of a five piastre piece, the value of which is about 10 1/2 d.—you could not make up the two sides of the same coin from these impressions and drawings unless you reduced the larger.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-35" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-35" type="surname" value="HAWKINS"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-35" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT HAWKINS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant.</hi>) I went with Burnham to 162, Commercial Road about 12.45 p.m. on July 11th, after the prisoner's arrest—in the top room, the only room he occupied, I found these four gutta percha impressions of twenty piastre pieces in an old trunk under the bed—they are attached to these blocks in order that the Turkish Attache might identify them—I also found this five piastre piece and this twenty piastre piece, and also this piece of gutta percha and a quantity of watchmaker's tools (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>), all in the trunk—when the prisoner was charged I showed him the coins and asked him the value, and he said one was a five piastre piece and the other was worth five times more.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I knew he had relinquished his watchmaking trade, of which these are his tools, and that he was employed at his father-in-law's house, where he was living with his wife and family, and where I discovered these things—I was told he received £1 a week.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-36" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-36" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-36" type="surname" value="FROMPKIN"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-36" type="given" value="LOUIS"/>LOUIS FROMPKIN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Interpreted</hi>). I am a wine and spirit merchant, of 162, Commercial Road—I have known the prisoner about two years—he occupied my third floor front room alone—for about a year he was engaged as a cellarman—before that he kept a little shop and dealt in butter, cigarettes, and some other articles for about half a year.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He was engaged to my daughter fourteen or fifteen years ago—he gave up watchmaking because business was quiet—he was not engaged as a watchmaker in London, but in Wales, and afterwards he used to travel with mineral waters—he came to live with me about two years ago as an employee—I paid him, in-addition to his lodging, £1 a week for his services—Mr. Feinstein went to Jerusalem, but I cannot fix the time of his arrival in London—I saw him here about ten or eleven months ago—he is the prisoner's uncle.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Feinstein visited the prisoner at my house as. his friend—I have heard that he visited London in the winter as well—I believe the prisoner worked in Wales as a watchmaker—when he married my daughter he was a student of the Talmud—he had studied at Jerusalem.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-37" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-37" type="surname" value="CHEHRIAN"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-37" type="given" value="EDMUND"/>EDMUND CHEHRIAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Interpreted</hi>). I am an attache at the Turkish Embassy—the gutta percha impressions on this card correspond to one side of a Turkish five piastre piece—the drawings do not represent any Turkish coin, only the edge—five piastre and twenty piastre pieces are now in circulation in Turkey.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have never seen a coin which had the obverse side of this impression on the one side and the drawing or sketch on the other—there is a difference in the date of the impressions—the large piece is dated in an earlier reign, and the small one in the reign of the present Sultan—if it were reduced you would see at once that the larger is not the same coin—the date when the Sultan commenced his reign is on one side and his sign manual on the other—the name of the Sultan is given. William John Webster. I am Inspector of Coins to H. M. Mint—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190407250012"/>
<p>this "Turkish twenty piastre piece is dated 1277 Hijra, the five piastre piece 1297 Hijra—the five piastre impression corresponds with one side of the 1277, and has the Sultan's sign manual, and the twenty piastre impression with the other side of the 1297, with the date of the year.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have had experience in all coins.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Court held that Sec.</hi> 24
<hi rend="italic">of the Coinage Offences Act</hi>, 1861 (24 & 25
<hi rend="italic">Vic., c.</hi> 99)
<hi rend="italic">did not include the drawing produced in the evidence upon this indictment, that being a pattern to make a die to make a coin, and not "a pattern intended to make a coin," and the Jury could not convict.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19040725-549-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-549-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-549-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="fault"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">See page</hi> 629.)</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, July</hi> 26
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1904.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Ridley.</hi> </p>
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<persName id="def1-550-19040725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-550-19040725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-550-19040725" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-550-19040725" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-550-19040725" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE SMITH</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t19040725-550-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-550-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="damage"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-550-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19040725-550-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-550-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-550-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to feloniously setting fire to a stack of hay, the property of
<persName id="t19040725-name-39" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-39" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-39" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-39" type="given" value="ARTHUR CALCUTTA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-550-offence-1 t19040725-name-39"/>Arthur Calcutta White</persName>, having been convicted of felony at Guildhall, Northampton, on April 22nd, 1904, as
<persName id="t19040725-name-40">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-40" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-40" type="surname" value="STRINGER"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-40" type="given" value="GEORGE WILLIAM"/>George William Stringer</persName>. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">There were other convictions against him.
<rs id="t19040725-550-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-550-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-550-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-550-19040725 t19040725-550-punishment-5"/>Three years' penal servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040725-551">
<interp inst="t19040725-551" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040725"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-551" type="date" value="19040725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040725-551-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-551-19040725 t19040725-551-offence-1 t19040725-551-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-551-19040725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-551-19040725" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-551-19040725" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-551-19040725" type="surname" value="SHELVEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-551-19040725" type="given" value="MARY ANN ELIZABETH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY ANN ELIZABETH SHELVEY</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t19040725-551-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-551-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-551-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/>, Indicted for and charged on the Coroner's Inquisition with, the wilful murder of
<persName id="t19040725-name-42" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-42" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-42" type="surname" value="SHELVEY"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-42" type="given" value="ANNIE EMMA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-551-offence-1 t19040725-name-42"/>Annie Emma Shelvey</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MUIR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. R. B. MURPHY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-43" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-43" type="surname" value="STILES"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-43" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER STILES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector</hi>). At 10.40 a.m., on July 7th, the prisoner was shown into my room at the police station—she made a statement
<hi rend="italic">to me</hi>, which I took down in writing and she signed (
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>): "About a quarter of an hour ago I put my baby in a tub of water; my head has never been right since I had baby. I do not know what I have done it for; I love the children. I have got two girls at school. I think I shall go mad. There is the key of the door; you will find it in the tub"—she seemed very dazed, but quite sober—I went to 221, Walmer Road—in the scullery I found a tub, which is a barrel cut in half, standing on a bench, covered with a woman's coarse apron—there was about 18 inches of clean water in the tub, and at the bottom of the tub I found the dead body of a child about three and a half months old—the constable who was with me took it out—I sent for a doctor—life was found to be extinct—I charged the prisoner with the wilful murder of her child—she said. "I am going home to get my baby."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> When I read the charge to her she seemed very strange, and did not appear to realise what she had done—she kept putting her hands to her head—her mother came to the station—the prisoner did not recognise her—when the prisoner first came to the station she had a girl aged about two years with her.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-44" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-44" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-44" type="surname" value="JACKSON"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-44" type="given" value="ROBERT ALEXANDER"/>ROBERT ALEXANDER JACKSON</persName> </hi>. I live at 11, Portland Road, Notting Hill, and am divisional surgeon of police—on July 7th I was called by the police, and went to 221, Walmer Road—I saw the dead body of a</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190407250013"/>
<p>female child about three and a half months old—I examined it—it had been dead only a short time—I afterwards made a
<hi rend="italic">post mortem</hi> examina-tion—the cause of death was drowning—I saw the prisoner at the station that morning—she complained of pains in her head—she was not able to understand what was going on—she was quite sober.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> When a woman is suckling a child she is liable to fits of insanity—it is a kind of melancholia.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-45" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-45" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-45" type="surname" value="HANNINGTON"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-45" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN HANNINGTON</persName> </hi>. I am a widow, of 35a, Toping Cottages, Notting Hill—the prisoner is my daughter—she is twenty-nine years old, and married to Edward John Shelvey, of 221, Walmer Road—she has had five children—one died about four years ago—she is a very kind mother—she treated the deceased very kindly—she was suckling it at the time of its death—I last saw the child on Sunday, July 3rd—the prisoner then complained of her head very much—on July 7th I went to the house about 10.30 a.m.—I could not get in—I next saw my daughter at the police station about 10.50—she did not appear to know me—she wanted me to bring her baby to her—she has complained of pains in her head since her third child, which is the one she lost.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Since the death of that child she has said she felt as if she would go out of her mind, and that she thought she must drown herself, as the pains in her head were so bad—she said she must jump out of the window—at the police-station I asked her what she had done—she said, "Where are they going to take me to?"—I said, "Only to see a doctor"—she said, "My head is cruel; bring my baby to me"—she did not appear to know what she had done when I asked her.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Evidence for the defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-46" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-46" type="surname" value="SHELVEY"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-46" type="given" value="EDWARD JOHN"/>EDWARD JOHN SHELVEY</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer, of 221, Walmer Road—the deceased was my child, aged three and a half months—my wife has had five children—we lost the third on December 19th, 1901—after its death my wife complained of her head—she never seemed cheerful—several times she said the deceased was like the child which had died in 1901—she was very fond of all her children—she was suckling the deceased, as she had done the others—about eighteen months ago she went to a doctor for her head—when I went home she has sometimes said her head was so bad, and she did not know what she was doing, and next day when I came home she would say it was better—she never suggested, to my knowledge, doing anything to herself or to the children—when I left on the morning of the deceased's death my wife appeared all right", but she never eat no breakfast as usual—she gave the two older children something to eat—when I went out she was suckling the deceased—I saw her at the police station—she seemed very strange, and did not seem to realise me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-47" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-47" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-47" type="surname" value="GRIFFITHS"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-47" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE GRIFFITHS</persName> </hi>, M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P. I am the medical officer at Holloway Prison—the prisoner has been in the hospital there since she was received at the prison on July 7th—I have examined her, and had reports made to me about her condition—I have read the depositions before the Coroner—on July 7th she was in a poor physical condition;</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190407250014"/>
<p>mentally she was dazed and melancholic—she slept badly, and com
<lb/>plained of pains in her head—her breasts were inflamed and enlarged—I asked her questions; she answered them in a straightforward way as well as she could, but she was dazed and uncertain—I should not like to say they were not rational, but they were not altogether to the point—I asked her what had happened to her baby, but she did not seem to know, except what she had been told afterwards—she said that some times she felt she must do away with the baby, and that she had had a similar feeling with regard to the child which had died before—she con
<lb/>tinually referred to that child's death in 1901—she was worrying herself about it apparently—she said she had had a certain amount of persecution from her neighbours, who had wanted her to drink with them, but she would not do so—I think that on the day this happened she was insane, and did not understand what she was doing.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have had considerable experience in mental cases—I have no doubt as to the state of her mind at the time she did this act.</p>
<rs id="t19040725-551-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-551-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-551-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="insane"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">but not responsible for her actions at the time.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19040725-551-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-551-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-551-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="insanity"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-551-19040725 t19040725-551-punishment-6"/>To be detained during His Majesty's pleasure.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040725-552">
<interp inst="t19040725-552" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040725"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-552" type="date" value="19040725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040725-552-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-552-19040725 t19040725-552-offence-1 t19040725-552-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-552-19040725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-552-19040725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-552-19040725" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-552-19040725" type="surname" value="TANSLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-552-19040725" type="given" value="ALBERT EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALBERT EDWARD TANSLEY</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t19040725-552-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-552-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-552-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>, Manslaughter of
<persName id="t19040725-name-49" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-49" type="surname" value="TREACHER"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-49" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-552-offence-1 t19040725-name-49"/>Thomas Treacher</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. KENRICK</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JENKINS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-50" type="surname" value="JACKSON"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-50" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM JACKSON</persName> </hi>. I live at 24, Bevington Street, Hoxton, and am a stable hand—on June 25th, about 10.30 p.m., I was standing outside the King of Prussia, Bevington Street—I saw the prisoner come out, he said to my mate, "Will you go and get me some lampblack?" my mate went and fetched some—I was at the door of the public house, and could see what took place—the prisoner went and blacked the deceased', face—I knew the deceased—he was sitting on a form inside the public house half asleep—I saw him get up and go and speak a few words to the prisoner—the deceased then walked outside—the prisoner followed him into the road—the deceased turned round to see who was behind him, and the prisoner hit him in the face—I saw the blow, but I cannot say what part of his face was struck—I saw the deceased fallj to the ground—he rolled off the kerb into the road immediately after the blow—I heard him call out, "Don't kick, don't kick"—I did not see any kicking—after the deceased fell a lot of women collected and I could not see no more—the prisoner walked away—I subsequently saw the deceased picked up and carried away.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> After the getting of the lampblack I saw all that took place until the deceased fell—when the prisoner asked my mate to get the lampblack he seemed to be in a good humour—I could not hear what the deceased said to the prisoner after he had had his face blacked—I knew the deceased and the prisoner—as far as I know they have always been on friendly terms—the deceased seemed to object to having his face blacked—he turned nasty before he was struck by the prisoner—I saw him get up and look stern and speak a few words to the prisoner—I could</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190407250015"/>
<p>not hear what he said—he did not put up his fist as though to strike the prisoner—he could not have done so without my seeing—I was right by his side—the blow which the prisoner gave the deceased was apparently a push, but it was meant for a blow—he raised his arm like
<hi rend="italic">that</hi>—I do not know if he used the flat of his hand or his fist—it was not a hard blow—I saw no kicking whatever.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The prisoner struck the deceased in his face, and I saw the deceased fall in consequence of it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JENKINS</hi>. He fell on his side off the kerb—he was standing on the kerb at the time.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I think his shoulder hit the kerb—I cannot say if his feet slipped off the kerb on to the road—I did not see his face touch the ground.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-51" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-51" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-51" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES THOMPSON</persName> </hi>. I live at 59, Ely Place, Hoxton, and am a horse keeper—on the night of June 25th I was in the King of Prussia, Hoxton—I knew the deceased—I saw him in the public house sitting on a seat dozing—the prisoner was in the bar—I saw him black the deceased's face with some lampblack—the deceased woke up after his face had been blacked and said to the prisoner, "I suppose this is some of your tricks"—I do not think the deceased was greatly overjoyed at having his face blacked—he said, "I shall fetch somebody to you"—he walked into the street, and the prisoner followed him—I stayed in the public house for a few minutes, and then went outside, where I saw the deceased being carried away.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> When the deceased woke up and found his face blacked he was annoyed—when he said to the prisoner, "I shall fetch someone to you, "I took it that he would fetch somebody to punish him for blacking his face—I do not know who the somebody was—I did not see the deceased put up his hand as if to strike the prisoner—I have never seen any difference between the prisoner and the deceased—they were friends on this night, and were having a friendly glass of beer together—I have never heard the prisoner say anything unkind to the deceased—I saw the prisoner at the Coroner's Court—he has always expressed his great sorrow that this occurred.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-52" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-52" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-52" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-52" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH COLLINS</persName> </hi>. I live at 27, Bevington Street, and am the wife of John Henry Collins, a labourer—on June 25th, about 11.15; I was coming from my street door to
<hi rend="italic">get</hi> some supper—I was five or six steps from the King of Prussia—I saw the deceased come out of the public house—I did not know him before—he got about four steps into the road-way when the prisoner followed him—I saw him deal a blow at the deceased's face, but I cannot say where it hit him—the prisoner's hand was clenched—it was a blow not a push—the deceased fell on the back of his head, and knocked the back of his head on the ground—a crowd collected—the prisoner walked up the street—I did not see the deceased attempt to strike the prisoner before the blow—the deceased was walking in front of the prisoner—he turned round and the prisoner struck him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The deceased turned round sharply directly he got into the road, and the prisoner then struck him—I did not notice' where</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190407250016"/>
<p>the deceased's hands were when he turned round because it was done so quickly—the deceased did not have time to raise his hands—he had them by his side—there was no kicking.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I should have been able to see if the deceased had made any attempt to strike the prisoner—they did not speak before the was struck.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-53" type="surname" value="LIDDIARD"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-53" type="given" value="HENRY JOHN"/>HENRY JOHN LIDDIARD</persName> </hi>. I am a carman, of 43, Upper. St. John Street—on this night I was outside the King of Prussia, and had a view of what was going on inside the public house—the prisoner called to me and said. "Come and have a look at Treacher"—I went and looked at him—he was dozing, and had a paper hat on his head—I cannot say if his face was blacked or not—I went to the shop next door—I came out and saw the deceased lying on the ground—the prisoner was about six yards away—the deceased said, "Hold up, hold up"—that was an expression he was fond of—I
<hi rend="italic">see</hi> him taken across the road—I sent for Dr. Lowsely—I met the prisoner in the road—I told him I was going to get a doctor for the deceased as he was thought to be very bad—he was very much sur-prised, and said "Good God."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I saw no blow struck—the blacking of the deceased's face was done by way of a joke—we were always joking—when the deceased said, "Hold up, hold up," he was lying on the ground—that was immediately after he had fallen—I was not with him when he was standing up—I only saw him come out of the public house—the first I saw of him when I came up was on the ground—when he said "Hold up, hold up "no one was doing anything to him—when I told the prisoner that the deceased was pretty bad he seemed very much upset—I have known him for ten or twelve years—he has always been a quiet peaceable man, and always joking and drinking with the deceased.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-54" type="surname" value="GAY"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-54" type="given" value="GEORGE ALFRED"/>GEORGE ALFRED GAY</persName> </hi>. I live at 11, Bevington Street, Hoxton, and am a porter—before this case I did not know the prisoner or the deceased—on this night. I was near the King of Prussia about 11 p.m.—I saw the prisoner and the deceased come out of the public house—I am not certain which came out first—I saw the prisoner strike the deceased with his fist—his hand was clenched—it was a blow, not a push—the deceased fell on his back in the road from the force of the blow, and in my opinion on his head—I heard his head strike on the ground—I think the blow struck him just about the chest—it may have been higher up—I cannot be positive where it was—I was behind the deceased, and could not see his front—after he fell the prisoner did not do anything to him except try to pull him up—the deceased called out, "Stop kicking, have mercy on me"—I am positive I heard that—I was close enough to hear the words distinctly—I saw the prisoner draw his foot back as if to kick, but I do not know if he was kicking or not—I saw the deceased carried away.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I gave evidence before the Coroner, but not at the police court—when the two men came out of the public house the front man was two or three paces in front of the other—I said before the Coroner that one was dragging the other—that is right—they were two or three</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190407250017"/>
<p>paces apart when they got into the roadway—I do not know which was dragging which—the deceased may have been dragging the prisoner—the dragging went on for one or two paces, or about a yard—when they got into the roadway the deceased was in front—he stood still and turned round—I do not know what he was going to do—I did not take much notice of the dragging—I did not think it hardly necessary to mention it—I only saw the prisoner give one blow—I said before the Coroner that the blow was somewhere about the stomach—it was somewhere in the upper part of the body—the deceased was not in the act of falling before he was struck—as he fell, in my opinion, the prisoner made an attempt to kick him, and drew his foot back to do so—the deceased did not say "Hold up, hold up"—I afterwards saw two men shaking him to bring life into him—I do not know who they were.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> When the men came out of the public house they were close together—when they got into the road they were not so close as they were before—I did not have a clear view of the blow—the deceased had his back to me—for that reason it is not possible for me to be precise about the position of the blow, or with which fist the prisoner struck the deceased; but I am positive that the prisoner did strike the deceased and that he fell from the effect of the blow—I am not certain if the deceased was kicked, but I am sure he called for mercy.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-55" type="surname" value="LOWSELY"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-55" type="given" value="GERALD"/>GERALD LOWSELY</persName> </hi>. I am a medical practitioner, of 29, East Road, Hoxton—on June 25th, about 11.30, I went to Bevington Street and saw the deceased lying on the ground—he was dead—he had not been dead long—I sent for the police—subsequently I and Dr. Oliver made a
<hi rend="italic">post mortem</hi> examination—I did not make any notes of the examination—I formed the opinion that the cause of death was concussion of the brain through an effusion of blood, which might have been caused by a blow or a fall—the seat of the injury was at the base of the brain, right at the top of the spinal cord.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I found a small scar behind the right ear—it was some days old.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-56" type="surname" value="OLIVER"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-56" type="given" value="HEWITT"/>HEWITT OLIVER</persName> </hi>. I am a medical practitioner, of 2, Kingsland Road, Hoxton—I made an examination of the body of the deceased on June 25th with Dr. Lowsely—I subsequently made a
<hi rend="italic">post mortem</hi> examination—I found a small scar behind the right ear, not recent, and a few old scratches; there was a recent blood tumour as large as a walnut on the outer side of the right leg, two small recent grazes on the outer side of the right knee, "a little black material was deposited on the right side of the nose; I think it was lampblack—on opening the skull I found congestion of the brain and an effusion of blood—in my opinion death was due to compression of the brain from the effused blood, which was the result of concussion or severe shock—a direct blow would not have been sufficient to account for the effusion of blood—if it had been a direct blow I should have expected to find some external mark of violence—a fall on the ground would account for the symptoms of effusion of blood if it were a pro-counter stroke, that is to say, you get a blow at one part of the body, which is directed</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190407250018"/>
<p>along some other organ and eventually shakes up the brain—there were no external marks on the head—cases do occur where death is due to effusion of blood caused by violence, although there is no external sign—in my opinion, a fall on the ground would be sufficient to account for this effusion of blood, and cause the concussion of the brain.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The small scar behind the right ear was several days old—I think the tumour was received about Saturday night—it had nothing to do with the cause of death—I do not know what caused it—he may have struck his leg against the kerb as he fell—it was an un-important injury—if there had been a violent blow in the face I should have expected to find bruising—it is not always necessary to receive a violent blow to cause a fall—in the ordinary sense it takes a pretty good blow to knock a man down—I should expect to find a mark at the
<hi rend="italic">post mortem</hi> if he had received a blow sufficient to knock him down on Saturday night.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I think the contusion was probably caused by the blow and the fall—the brain received a severe shaking and led to haemor-rhage from a series of small vessels at the base of the brain.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> All the marks I found on the deceased were consistent with death having been caused by a blow or a fall, notwithstanding there were no external marks.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PRIDE</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Sergeant G.</hi>) About midnight on June 25th I went to Full-wood's Mews, Hoxton, where I saw the deceased's body—I subsequently met the prisoner and told him I should arrest him for causing the death of Thomas Treacher by kicking him—he said. "I am very sorry"—I cautioned him in the usual way—I was present when he was charged—he said, "I was working with him this morning and knocked off; I went on another job, and so did he; after that we both had a couple of glasses of ale together and that is all; we have always been good
<hi rend="italic">pals</hi> together: if he has treated me to half a pint of ale, I have treated him back again"—that was before he was charged—after the charge was read over to him he said, "I never kicked the man whatever, I only pushed him."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I said before the Magistrate that I said to the prisoner. "I shall arrest you for causing the death of Thomas Treacher by kicking him"—I signed my deposition, and it was read to me—I did not notice that "by kicking him" had been left out—I did not read it over—the prisoner seemed very sorry—I received information that he had kicked the deceased.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence on oath, said that he and the deceased had always been friends, and had been drinking together that night; that they were always joking together; that when the deceased found his face had been—blacked he got a bit cross, and said, "I will fetch Harry to you "; that he did not know who Harry was, but thought he was somebody who would hide him; that when they got into the road the deceased turned round as ij he was going to hit him, and he (the prisoner) held his hands up and said, "Now fetch Harry," when the deceased fell down.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">At the direction of the Court the Jury found a verdict of</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19040725-552-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-552-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-552-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<rs id="t19040725-552-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-552-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-552-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-552-19040725 t19040725-552-punishment-7"/>
<hi rend="italic">Dis
<lb/>charged on recogr sances.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040725-553">
<interp inst="t19040725-553" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040725"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-553" type="date" value="19040725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040725-553-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-553-19040725 t19040725-553-offence-1 t19040725-553-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190407250019"/>
<persName id="def1-553-19040725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-553-19040725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-553-19040725" type="age" value="47"/>
<interp inst="def1-553-19040725" type="surname" value="LEESON"/>
<interp inst="def1-553-19040725" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY LEESON</hi> (47)</persName>
<rs id="t19040725-553-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-553-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-553-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t19040725-name-58" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-58" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-58" type="surname" value="STONE"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-58" type="given" value="CHARLOTTE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-553-offence-1 t19040725-name-58"/>Charlotte Stone</persName> with intent to murder her.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>, wounding with intent to do grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-59" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-59" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-59" type="surname" value="FULTON"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-59" type="given" value="FORREST"/>MR. FORREST FULTON</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-60" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-60" type="surname" value="BULLEN"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-60" type="given" value="HARRY"/>HARRY BULLEN</persName> </hi> (253
<hi rend="italic">T.</hi>) About l.5 p.m. on June 22nd I was in King Street, Hammersmith—I heard a scream—I went in the direction and saw Joy holding the prisoner and taking this knife from his hand (
<hi rend="italic">Pro
<lb/>duced</hi>)—the prisoner said, "I wish I had done her in"—I saw the prosecu-trix there—she was bleeding profusely from a cut in her throat—I did not know them before.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-61" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-61" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-61" type="surname" value="STONE"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-61" type="given" value="CHARLOTTE"/>CHARLOTTE STONE</persName> </hi>. I am a widow, and
<hi rend="italic">live</hi> at 5, James Street, Hammersmith—I am a laundress—I have lived with the prisoner for about eighteen months—I ceased to do so in January—on June 22nd I met him as I was going to work at 8 a.m.—as I came home to dinner at one o'clock I met him in Waterloo Street—he asked me to speak to him—I passed along and made no answer—he followed me and said my life was not worth twopence—I heard no more until he struck me on my back in King Street—he sprang on my back and stabbed me in the back, and said, "Charlotte, I intend to do you in"—only my throat and fingers were cut—my fingers were cut because I put my hand up—I was taken to the hospital—the prisoner was sober—I saw no more of him until I came out of the hospital.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-62" type="surname" value="JOY"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-62" type="given" value="JAMES GEORGE"/>JAMES GEORGE JOY</persName> </hi>. I am a commercial traveller, of 73, Iffley Road, Hammersmith—on June 22nd, about 1 p.m., I was in King Street—I saw the prisoner and the deceased struggling—the man approached the woman from behind, placed his arms round her neck, drew her head towards him, and cut her throat—this is the knife (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>)—the woman wriggled away from the man and called for help—I went to her assistance and helped her to a shop—I asked the prisoner for the knife, but he would not give it to me—I waited my opportunity, and took it away from him—he appeared to be somewhat mad, but not drunk—he seemed dazed—I only heard a jumble of words—Bullen came up just as I got the knife from the prisoner's hand—I handed it to Pelley—the woman was taken to the hospital—she pointed to a wound in her throat, which was bleeding rather profusely.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. He may have been drinking, but he seemed more mad than drunk—I did not notice any effects of drink.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-63" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-63" type="surname" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-63" type="given" value="EMILY"/>EMILY JAMES</persName> </hi>. I am a laundress, of 32, Lower Mall, Hammersmith—I have known the prisoner about sis years—I do not know the prosecutrix—on June 22nd I met the prisoner about midday—he asked me to have a drink—I said No, I had not time—he looked to me as if he had been drinking very heavily; in fact, he was drunk then—he said he was looking for the prosecutrix—he asked me to say good-bye, as he intended to do her in—he said she had been drinking with other men right opposite where he worked, and she had got him the sack—he had a knife like this one—I cannot" identify it—later on I saw the prosecutrix being taken to the hospital.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190407250020"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-64" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-64" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-64" type="surname" value="PARRY"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-64" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM PARRY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Sergeant, 53T) T.</hi>) A few minutes past one o'clock on June 22nd I saw the prisoner in the custody of Bullen, who said, "This man has just cut his wife's throat"—the prisoner replied. "Not my wife, Sergeant, the woman I am living with"—I did not see the woman then; she was in a shop at the time—I took her to the hospital in a motor car—when charged the prisoner said, "Yes, my Charlotte, she is the wickedest woman in England"—a doctor was called, and said that he had been drinking, but mentally he was all right.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-65" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-65" type="surname" value="MILLARD"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-65" type="given" value="ALFRED SUTTON"/>ALFRED SUTTON MILLARD</persName> </hi>. I am house surgeon at the West London Hospital—the prosecutrix was brought in on June 22nd at 1.30—I examined her—she was suffering from an incised wound in her throat, two cuts on her left fore finger, and later I noticed a bruise on her chest, and one or two marks which looked as if they had been made by a finger—the wound was an incised wound, about 1/2 in. deep and 3 1/2 in. long, and might have been made by a knife like
<hi rend="italic">this</hi>—it was not dangerous—it had not affected the windpipe—it would have cut it if it had been deep enough—the bruise may have been made by a man's hand from behind violently holding her.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner's statement before the Magistrate:</hi> "I did not know what I was doing at the time, that is all. I had been drinking, and she is the cause of my drinking."</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence, said that the prosecutrix came to where he was working and used bad language, and was drunk before this happened, and that he did not know what he was doing.</hi> </p>
<rs id="t19040725-553-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-553-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-553-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">on the Second Count.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">The police stated that the prisoner was a respectable man.
<rs id="t19040725-553-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-553-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-553-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-553-19040725 t19040725-553-punishment-8"/>Eighteen months' hard labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, July</hi> 26
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1904.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="t19040725-554" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040725"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-554" type="date" value="19040725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040725-554-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-554-19040725 t19040725-554-offence-1 t19040725-554-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-554-19040725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-554-19040725" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-554-19040725" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-554-19040725" type="surname" value="ROWE"/>
<interp inst="def1-554-19040725" type="given" value="ELIZA SARAH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELIZA SARAH ROWE</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t19040725-554-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-554-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-554-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19040725-554-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-554-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-554-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19040725-name-67" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-67" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-67" type="surname" value="PRAEGER"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-67" type="given" value="HENRY FREDERICK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-554-offence-1 t19040725-name-67"/>Henry Frederick Praeger</persName>, her husband being then alive.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19040725-554-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-554-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-554-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-554-19040725 t19040725-554-punishment-9"/>Two days' imprisonment.</rs> </hi></p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19040725-555" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040725"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-555" type="date" value="19040725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040725-555-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-555-19040725 t19040725-555-offence-1 t19040725-555-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-555-19040725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-555-19040725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-555-19040725" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-555-19040725" type="surname" value="LETCHFORD"/>
<interp inst="def1-555-19040725" type="given" value="PHILIP HERBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PHILIP HERBERT LETCHFORD</hi> (37)</persName>
<rs id="t19040725-555-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-555-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-555-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>. to feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19040725-name-69" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-69" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-69" type="surname" value="BRACKLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-69" type="given" value="HANNAH MARIA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-555-offence-1 t19040725-name-69"/>Hannah Maria Brackley</persName>, his wife being alive.</rs>
<rs id="t19040725-555-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-555-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-555-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-555-19040725 t19040725-555-punishment-10"/>
<hi rend="italic">Nine months' hard labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t19040725-555-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-555-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-555-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> And</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19040725-556" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040725"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-556" type="date" value="19040725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040725-556-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-556-19040725 t19040725-556-offence-1 t19040725-556-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040725-556-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-556-19040725 t19040725-556-offence-2 t19040725-556-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-556-19040725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-556-19040725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-556-19040725" type="age" value="39"/>
<interp inst="def1-556-19040725" type="surname" value="CRAWLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-556-19040725" type="given" value="GEORGE STANLEY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE STANLEY CRAWLEY</hi> (39)</persName>
<rs id="t19040725-556-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-556-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-556-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, to unlawfully and fraudulently obtaining from
<persName id="t19040725-name-71" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-71" type="surname" value="PLEVIN"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-71" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-556-offence-1 t19040725-name-71"/>Arthur Plevin</persName> the sum of £20, from
<persName id="t19040725-name-72" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-72" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-72" type="surname" value="HICKS"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-72" type="given" value="ALFRED SIDNEY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-556-offence-1 t19040725-name-72"/>Alfred Sidney Hicks</persName> £30, from
<persName id="t19040725-name-73" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-73" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-73" type="surname" value="COAST"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-73" type="given" value="ARTHUR JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-556-offence-1 t19040725-name-73"/>Arthur John Coast</persName> £25, from
<persName id="t19040725-name-74" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-74" type="surname" value="ROBBINS"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-74" type="given" value="EDWARD HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-556-offence-1 t19040725-name-74"/>Edward Henry Robbins</persName> £25, from
<persName id="t19040725-name-75" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-75" type="surname" value="ELLIOTT"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-75" type="given" value="SIDNEY PERCIVAL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-556-offence-1 t19040725-name-75"/>Sidney Percival Elliott</persName> £25, and from
<persName id="t19040725-name-76" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-76" type="surname" value="HOWE"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-76" type="given" value="HAROLD PERCIVAL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-556-offence-1 t19040725-name-76"/>Harold Percival Howe</persName> £25, with intent to defraud;</rs>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<rs id="t19040725-556-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-556-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-556-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>to feloniously marrying Joanna Greig Shapley, his wife being alive; having been con-victed of fraud at Newington Sessions on June 14th, 1899. </rs>
<rs id="t19040725-556-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-556-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-556-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-556-19040725 t19040725-556-punishment-11"/>
<hi rend="italic">Three years' penal servitude for obtaining</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t19040725-556-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-556-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-556-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-556-19040725 t19040725-556-punishment-12"/>
<hi rend="italic"> and five years for the bigamy, to run consecutively.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t19040725-556-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-556-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-556-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19040725-557" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040725"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-557" type="date" value="19040725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040725-557-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-557-19040725 t19040725-557-offence-1 t19040725-557-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-557-19040725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-557-19040725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-557-19040725" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-557-19040725" type="surname" value="HENNESSEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-557-19040725" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE HENNESSEY</hi> (32)</persName>
<rs id="t19040725-557-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-557-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-557-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/>. Feloniously receiving four watches and a watch case, the property of
<persName id="t19040725-name-78" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-78" type="surname" value="DONNE"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-78" type="given" value="LEWIS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-557-offence-1 t19040725-name-78"/>Lewis Donne</persName>, knowing them to have been stolen.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190407250021"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BOULTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-79" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-79" type="surname" value="ANDERTON"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-79" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED ANDERTON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Constable, City</hi>). On June 17th I went to Arbour Square Police Station and saw the prisoner detained there—I told him I should take him to Cloak Lane, where he would be charged with breaking and entering and receiving stolen property—he made no reply—on the way there he said, "Breaking and entering?"—I said, "
<hi rend="italic">Yes</hi>, you will be charged with breaking and entering and receiving"—he said, "I did not do any breaking and entering; nothing can be proved. I bought these watches from a man in the Borough; he is a man about your own standard; he is a commission agent for a firm in Glasgow"—I asked him the name, but he said he did not know—he was charged.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> You did not tell me his name was Moore or Muir, and that he lived in Old Jewry.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-80" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-80" type="surname" value="O'LEARY"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-80" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES O'LEARY</persName> </hi> (312
<hi rend="italic">H.</hi>) On June 17th. between 7 and 7.15 a.m., I saw the prisoner in the yard of the Baker Street Board Schools, Stepney—he was being detained there by the caretaker—I asked him what he was doing there—he said, "I only came here for a sleep"—I found three watches and a silver-mounted watch case on him—he said. "I did not get these watches here; I got them in the City off of somebody, I do not know who"—he then said, "Take these "(
<hi rend="italic">meaning the watches</hi>), "and let me go, and say nothing more about it. I will make it all right with you afterwards"—he was taken to Arbour Square Police Station. Robert Lyon (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Inspector, City.</hi>) On June 17th I saw the prisoner detained at Cloak Lane Police Station—I told him he would be charged with breaking and entering No. 6, Birchin Lane and stealing and receiving seven watches and a watch case, stolen from there, value about £20, the property of Messrs. Donne & Sons—he said, "I did not break into the place; I bought the watches from a commission agent in the City"—he then pointed to an envelope that was found on him and said, '"I wrote that down; the man said he worked for the firm of Craig, Craig & Co., of Glasgow; he was agent for them"—he said he did not know the man's name, and could not say anything about him at all; he was an entire stranger to him—we also found a ticket on him which related to a watch that had been left to be cleaned—I went and obtained this watch from the place.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You told me you bought them from a man, and pointed to the envelope—I did not hear you mention an address in Old Jewry.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-81" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-81" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-81" type="surname" value="RUTLAND"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-81" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK RUTLAND</persName> </hi> (573
<hi rend="italic">City</hi>). On June 16th, at 6.10 a.m., I saw the back part of Messrs. Donne's premises—I noticed the window was broken and an iron bar lying at the side—I informed my sergeant.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-82" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-82" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-82" type="surname" value="GARRETT"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-82" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE GARRETT</persName> </hi> (593
<hi rend="italic">City</hi>). At about 5.50 a.m. on June 16th I saw the back part of Messrs. Donne's premises—they were all right—I was succeeded on my beat by Rutland.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-83" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-83" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-83" type="surname" value="DONNE"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-83" type="given" value="LEWIS"/>LEWIS DONNE</persName> </hi>. I am a watchmaker and jeweller, trading as Donne & Sons, of Birchin Lane, City—about 9 a.m. on June 16th I went to my premises in the usual way—I had already been informed by the police</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190407250022"/>
<p>that the buck window had been broken—it was all right the previous night—we missed six watches altogether—they were in the window—there was no shutter to the window, only a grill, which was, unfortunately, large enough to allow of a hand being put through—these four watches I recognise as my property—the watches lost are worth to me about £20—those traced to the prisoner are worth to me about £12.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not say at the Mansion House that I could not recognise them—there is one I am not positive about, but the others 1 recognise by my private mark.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner's statement before the Magistrate:</hi> "If you like to produce the witnesses mentioned in my letter to the police I could disprove the charge of breaking and entering. I took this paper 'A' in my writing from a man. He told me he was a commission agent for this firm, and if I could not find him in Old Jewry, I could find him at the address he gave. I asked him if it was a deal in good faith, and he said it was. He told me he was living in Old Jewry, but he did not give the exact address."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-84" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-84" type="surname" value="O'LEARY"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-84" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES O'LEARY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined by the</hi> Court.) I found several other articles on the prisoner besides the watches and watch case, but no money at all.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence, said that he bought the articles from a man in a public house at the Elephant and Castle.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19040725-557-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-557-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-557-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony at St. Mary, Newington, on March</hi> 9
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1898.
<hi rend="italic">One other conviction was proved against him. The police stated that he had. been in prison nearly all his life.
<rs id="t19040725-557-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-557-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-557-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-557-19040725 t19040725-557-punishment-13"/>Five years' penal servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040725-558">
<interp inst="t19040725-558" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040725"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-558" type="date" value="19040725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040725-558-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-558-19040725 t19040725-558-offence-1 t19040725-558-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-558-19040725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-558-19040725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-558-19040725" type="age" value="62"/>
<interp inst="def1-558-19040725" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="def1-558-19040725" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY KING</hi> (62)</persName>
<rs id="t19040725-558-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-558-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-558-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, Being found under such circumstances as to satisfy a Court of Summary Jurisdiction that he was about to commit an offence punishable on indictment after having been convicted.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-86" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-86" type="surname" value="CAMPBELL"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-86" type="given" value="ANGUS"/>MR. ANGUS CAMPBELL</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-87" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-87" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-87" type="surname" value="BEECHEY"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-87" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY BEECHEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective, City.</hi>) On July 6th last, about twelve noon, I was in Holborn Viaduct—I saw the prisoner go up to a gentleman who was standing on the edge of a crowd waiting for the King to go by to St. Bartholomew's Hospital—I saw him cross his arms and place his left hand in the jacket pocket of a gentleman—he withdrew it shortly afterwards, and I saw there was nothing in it—I and Constable Barker followed him to Newgate Street, where he put his hand into a jacket pocket of a gentleman in the crowd—I saw him withdraw it—he had nothing in it—he then left and went to Holborn Viaduct, where he did the same thing—we followed him back again to Newgate Street, and he put his hand into the pocket of a gentleman standing there—as he with-drew his hand I seized it, but found nothing in it—I said to the gentleman, "Have you lost anything?" but he said he had nothing in there to lose—I took the prisoner into custody—I charged him with attempting to steal from the person, also with frequenting Holborn Viaduct and Newgate Street for that purpose—I told him I was a police constable, and cautioned him—he made no reply—I searched him and found 2d. on him—at the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190407250023"/>
<p>police station he said, "These chaps knew I was an old
<hi rend="italic">finger;</hi> so they
<hi rend="italic">shoved</hi> it on me"—I did not know the man—my attention was drawn to him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the—prisoner.</hi> It was about twelve when you were arrested—I did not ask you, "When did you come out?"—the inspector did not say, when the 2d. was found on you, that you ought to be charged with stealing it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-88" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-88" type="surname" value="BARKER"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-88" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BARKER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Police.</hi>) On July 6th I was with Beechey in Holborn, when I saw the prisoner in a crowd—I saw him place his hand in the left pocket of a gentleman—he went on to Newgate Street and made a similar attempt there—he then went back to Holborn and made another attempt there, but never got anything—he was a stranger to me—I took him to the police station and searched him—only a few pence were found on him—he replied to the charge, "You knew I was an old'
<hi rend="italic">finger</hi>, so you thought you would put it on me"—I had not seen the man before.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not see you try any ladies' pockets.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-89" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-89" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-89" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-89" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM DAVIS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant, M.</hi>) I was present at the North London Sessions on August 17th, 1896, when the prisoner was sentenced to twelve months' hard labour in the name of Thomas Hawkins.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have nothing to do with the present case—I simply prove the conviction against you.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The 'prisoner, in his defence, stated that he left the Union at Homerton and went to Holborn Viaduct, where he saw the two officers talking together, and one said to the other, "Here is the old finger again; when did he come out?</hi>"
<hi rend="italic">that in consequence he moved away; that they asked a gentleman whether he had lost anything, and he replied</hi>, "
<hi rend="italic">No," and then turned to a lady and asked her, and she replied</hi>, "
<hi rend="italic">No" when he was arrested.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19040725-558-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-558-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-558-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040725-559">
<interp inst="t19040725-559" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040725"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-559" type="date" value="19040725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040725-559-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-559-19040725 t19040725-559-offence-1 t19040725-559-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-559-19040725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-559-19040725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-559-19040725" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-559-19040725" type="surname" value="KELLERT"/>
<interp inst="def1-559-19040725" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM KELLERT</hi> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t19040725-559-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-559-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="damage"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-559-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="arson"/>, Attempting to set fire to the dwelling house of
<persName id="t19040725-name-91" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-91" type="surname" value="WOOLDRIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-91" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-559-offence-1 t19040725-name-91"/>George Wooldridge</persName>, he and other persons being therein.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-92" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-92" type="surname" value="MORROW"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-92" type="given" value="JOHN"/>MR. ST. JOHN MORROW</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-93" type="surname" value="WOOLDRIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-93" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WOOLDRIDGE</persName> </hi>. I live at 14, Osman Road, Tottenham, and am a house decorator—the prisoner lodges with us—I have another lodger named Thomas Lane—on July 5th the prisoner and I were working together—about two months before he had a quarrel with Lane, and always said he would get his revenge on him, and on July 5th he said he would burn the lot out, but I took no notice of his threats, because I had heard them so many times—I said to him, "It does not matter to me what you do"—this was about 11 p.m. at my house—I was just going to bed when I heard a rustling of paper—I got up and looked out of my bedroom door, and saw the prisoner dancing in the passage—he was not drunk, but he had had a drink—he said, "There it goes, up it goes"—I turned round and said, "What are you trying to do, Bill?"—he said, "Oh, I'll burn the lot out, and by the time it gets a good hold I shall be miles away"—I called the upstairs lodger down and went for a policeman</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190407250024"/>
<p>and gave the prisoner into custody—there was a heap of paper alight on some matting in the coal cellar—I put the flames out—there were twelve persons in the house.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-94" type="surname" value="LANE"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-94" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS LANE</persName> </hi>. I am a horse keeper, and live at 14, Osman Street, Tottenham—I had a quarrel with the prisoner some two months before this case, and avoided him in consequence—on July 5th, about 9.30, I went to bed—I was awakened about 11 p.m.—I heard the prosecutor calling out, "Lane, Lane, he is setting the house afire"—I went down stairs and saw the flames being put out—the prisoner was sitting in the kitchen on his bed—we spoke to him, but he said nothing—I have noticed nothing strange about his manner—he drinks.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-95" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-95" type="surname" value="BIDDY"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-95" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BIDDY</persName> </hi> (306
<hi rend="italic">N.</hi>) In consequence of a communication made to me by the prosecutor, I went to his house—on the way I met the prisoner—I found outside the coal cellar some burnt paper, with some matting, floor cloth, and wood—the paper was alight—the prisoner smelt very strongly of drink and appeared dazed.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You met me with your landlord in the Seven Sisters Road.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-96" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-96" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK SMITH</persName> </hi> (19
<hi rend="italic">N.</hi>) I examined the premises 14, Osman Road, Tottenham—I found in the cupboard under the staircase a quantity of wood, matting, and paper, which had recently been alight—I read the charge to the prisoner at the station—he said, "That will have to be proved"—there was sufficient material there to set fire to the staircase and the house.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner's statement before the Magistrate.</hi> "In answer to the charge, I was at work all day yesterday along with my landlord. We were drinking together. I went into the coal cellar to see if I had caught a rat in a trap. The match must have caught the matting. Nothing was done intentionally."</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence, said that he went into a public house with his landlord; that while there his landlord, said that he was not going to have Lane lodging with him without paying his rent, and that he would clear him out; that he (the prisoner) told him he could not do that, when he replied</hi>, "
<hi rend="italic">Well, if I can't do that, I will set fire to the. lot</hi> ";
<hi rend="italic">that they went home; that he went into the cellar to see if there was a rat in a trap; that he struck a couple of matches, and brought the trap up; that he went into the kitchen, and that the next he heard was that the house had been set on fire.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Evidence for the defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-97" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-97" type="surname" value="BANKS"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-97" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BANKS</persName> </hi>. I live at 35, Osman Road, Tottenham, and am a boot maker—I have known the prisoner two years—I was in the Victoria on Tuesday, July 5th, with Wooldridge and the prisoner—Wooldridge was saying that Lane owed him a bit of rent, and he had given him notice to go, but he took no notice of it, and that he could not get them out—he said. "If I cannot get them out one way I will get them another; I will set fire to the place but what I will have them out; I will burn them out"—I said to him, "Mind what you are saying; there are people in this place here; you do not know who is here; mind what you are saying"</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190407250025"/>
<p>—he said, "What is it to do with you?"—I said, "I do not like to hear it and it is a wicked thing to say"—I was informed of the attempt to set fire to the house by Wooldridge—he told me that the prisoner had done it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I knew on July 6th of the prisoner being charged, but I did not understand it—I did not go to the police because I did not believe the story.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-98" type="surname" value="BANKS"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-98" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES BANKS</persName> </hi>. I am the last witness' son—I have heard my father speak about the case—I know nothing about it except that I do not believe the prisoner set fire to the place at all.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19040725-559-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-559-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-559-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday and. Wednesday, July</hi> 26
<hi rend="italic">th and</hi> 27
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1904.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="t19040725-560" type="date" value="19040725"/>
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<persName id="def1-560-19040725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-560-19040725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-560-19040725" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def1-560-19040725" type="surname" value="GALLAGHER"/>
<interp inst="def1-560-19040725" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PATRICK GALLAGHER</hi> (42)</persName>
<rs id="t19040725-560-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-560-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-560-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19040725-560-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-560-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-560-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to feloniously wounding
<persName id="t19040725-name-100" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-100" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-100" type="surname" value="MOONEY"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-100" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-560-offence-1 t19040725-name-100"/>Mary Mooney</persName>, with intent to do her grievous bodily harm.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19040725-560-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-560-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-560-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-560-19040725 t19040725-560-punishment-14"/>Eighteen months' hard labour.</rs> </hi></p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040725-561">
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040725-561-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-561-19040725 t19040725-561-offence-1 t19040725-561-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040725-561-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-561-19040725 t19040725-561-offence-2 t19040725-561-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-561-19040725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-561-19040725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-561-19040725" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def1-561-19040725" type="surname" value="COLEMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-561-19040725" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE COLEMAN</hi>** (42)</persName>
<rs id="t19040725-561-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-561-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-561-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, to burglary in the dwelling house of
<persName id="t19040725-name-102" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-102" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-102" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-561-offence-1 t19040725-name-102"/>Arthur Collins</persName> and stealing a clock,</rs> and
<rs id="t19040725-561-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-561-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-561-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/>to feloniously receiving a chalice veil the goods of
<persName id="t19040725-name-103" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-103" type="surname" value="LEE"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-103" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-561-offence-2 t19040725-name-103"/>Richard Lee</persName>;</rs> having been convicted of felony at Northampton in October, 1903.
<hi rend="italic">Two other convictions were proved against him.
<rs id="t19040725-561-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-561-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-561-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-561-19040725 t19040725-561-punishment-15"/>Three years' penal servitude.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t19040725-561-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-561-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-561-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040725-562">
<interp inst="t19040725-562" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040725"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-562" type="date" value="19040725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040725-562-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-562-19040725 t19040725-562-offence-1 t19040725-562-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-562-19040725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-562-19040725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-562-19040725" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-562-19040725" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-562-19040725" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES HARRIS</hi>** (35)</persName>
<rs id="t19040725-562-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-562-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-562-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, to two indictments for stealing a pair of boots and other goods, the property of
<persName id="t19040725-name-105" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-105" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-562-offence-1 t19040725-name-105"/>Foster & Co., Limited</persName>, and another;</rs> having been convicted of felony at this Court in September,
<hi rend="italic">One other conviction was proved against him.
<rs id="t19040725-562-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-562-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-562-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-562-19040725 t19040725-562-punishment-16"/>Five years' penal servitude.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t19040725-562-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-562-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-562-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040725-563">
<interp inst="t19040725-563" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040725"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-563" type="date" value="19040725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040725-563-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-563-19040725 t19040725-563-offence-1 t19040725-563-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040725-563-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-563-19040725 t19040725-563-offence-2 t19040725-563-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040725-563-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-563-19040725 t19040725-563-offence-3 t19040725-563-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-563-19040725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-563-19040725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-563-19040725" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-563-19040725" type="surname" value="MILLS"/>
<interp inst="def1-563-19040725" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN MILLS</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t19040725-563-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-563-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-563-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>', to stealing a watch the goods of
<persName id="t19040725-name-107" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-107" type="surname" value="ROPER"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-107" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-563-offence-1 t19040725-name-107"/>James Roper</persName>;</rs>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<rs id="t19040725-563-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-563-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-563-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>to obtaining from
<persName id="t19040725-name-108" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-108" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-108" type="surname" value="GOTOBE"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-108" type="given" value="SUSAN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-563-offence-2 t19040725-name-108"/>Susan Gotobe</persName> a suit of clothes and a pair of boots by false pretences, with intent to defraud;</rs>
<hi rend="italic">also to</hi>
<rs id="t19040725-563-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-563-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-563-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>a burglary in the dwelling house of
<persName id="t19040725-name-109" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-109" type="surname" value="DE GROS"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-109" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-563-offence-3 t19040725-name-109"/>Walter de Gros</persName> and stealing a bicycle and other goods, the property of
<persName id="t19040725-name-110" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-110" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-110" type="surname" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-110" type="given" value="ROSE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-563-offence-3 t19040725-name-110"/>Rose Thomas</persName> and
<persName id="t19040725-name-111" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-111" type="surname" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-111" type="given" value="HORACE HERBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-563-offence-3 t19040725-name-111"/>Horace Herbert Thomas</persName>;</rs> having been convicted of felony at Stratford on Feb-ruary 26th, 1904.
<rs id="t19040725-563-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-563-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-563-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-563-19040725 t19040725-563-punishment-17"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eighteen months' hard labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t19040725-563-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-563-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-563-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040725-564">
<interp inst="t19040725-564" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040725"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-564" type="date" value="19040725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040725-564-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-564-19040725 t19040725-564-offence-1 t19040725-564-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-564-19040725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-564-19040725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-564-19040725" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-564-19040725" type="surname" value="ZEITLIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-564-19040725" type="given" value="HARRIS HYMAN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRIS HYMAN ZEITLIN</hi> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t19040725-564-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-564-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-564-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> (
<hi rend="italic">See page</hi> 812), Unlawfully soliciting and inciting
<persName id="t19040725-name-113" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-113" type="surname" value="NEAL"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-113" type="given" value="GEORGE HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-564-offence-1 t19040725-name-113"/>George Henry Neal</persName>, without lawful authority to impress on a die the apparent resemblance of the Sultan of Turkey.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ELLIOTT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-114" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-114" type="surname" value="FROMKIN"/>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-115" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-115" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-115" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">repeated their former evidence.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19040725-564-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-564-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-564-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19040725-564-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-564-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-564-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-564-19040725 t19040725-564-punishment-18"/>Nine months' imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOURTH COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, July</hi> 27
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1904.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Lumley Smith, Esq., K.C.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040725-565">
<interp inst="t19040725-565" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040725"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-565" type="date" value="19040725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040725-565-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-565-19040725 t19040725-565-offence-1 t19040725-565-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040725-565-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-565-19040725 t19040725-565-offence-2 t19040725-565-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-565-19040725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-565-19040725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-565-19040725" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-565-19040725" type="surname" value="MACDONALD"/>
<interp inst="def1-565-19040725" type="given" value="MAURICE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MAURICE MACDONALD</hi> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t19040725-565-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-565-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-565-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19040725-565-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-565-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-565-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to obtaining from
<persName id="t19040725-name-117" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-117" type="surname" value="WELCH"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-117" type="given" value="HAROLD ARTHUR"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-565-offence-1 t19040725-name-117"/>Harold Arthur Welch</persName> an order for the payment of £60 and £60 in money; from
<persName id="t19040725-name-118" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-118" type="surname" value="BLAIR"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-118" type="given" value="JOHN SINCLAIR"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-565-offence-1 t19040725-name-118"/>John Sinclair Blair</persName> £15, and from
<persName id="t19040725-name-119" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-119" type="surname" value="COMPTON"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-119" type="given" value="CHARLES CHRISTOPHER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-565-offence-1 t19040725-name-119"/>Charles Christopher Compton</persName> £25 in money by false pretences;</rs>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<rs id="t19040725-565-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-565-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-565-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>to obtaining credit from the said persons by fraud.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">A former conviction was proved against him.
<rs id="t19040725-565-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-565-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-565-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-565-19040725 t19040725-565-punishment-19"/>Twenty months hard labour.—</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040725-566">
<interp inst="t19040725-566" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040725"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-566" type="date" value="19040725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040725-566-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-566-19040725 t19040725-566-offence-1 t19040725-566-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190407250026"/>
<persName id="def1-566-19040725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-566-19040725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-566-19040725" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-566-19040725" type="surname" value="WHITBREAD"/>
<interp inst="def1-566-19040725" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY WHITBREAD</hi> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t19040725-566-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-566-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-566-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>. To feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19040725-name-121" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-121" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-121" type="surname" value="SIRETT"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-121" type="given" value="ROSETTA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-566-offence-1 t19040725-name-121"/>Rosetta Sirett</persName>, his wife being alive. </rs>
<rs id="t19040725-566-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-566-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-566-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-566-19040725 t19040725-566-punishment-20"/>
<hi rend="italic">Three months without hard labour.—.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t19040725-566-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-566-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-566-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040725-567">
<interp inst="t19040725-567" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040725"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-567" type="date" value="19040725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040725-567-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-567-19040725 t19040725-567-offence-1 t19040725-567-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-567-19040725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-567-19040725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-567-19040725" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-567-19040725" type="surname" value="GODDARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-567-19040725" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM HENRY JAMES GODDARD</hi> (34)</persName>
<rs id="t19040725-567-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-567-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-567-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>, to feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19040725-name-123" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-123" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-123" type="surname" value="COOPER"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-123" type="given" value="MARTHA MARY ANN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-567-offence-1 t19040725-name-123"/>Martha Mary Ann Cooper</persName>, his wife being alive.</rs>
<rs id="t19040725-567-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-567-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-567-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-567-19040725 t19040725-567-punishment-21"/>
<hi rend="italic">Three months without hard labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t19040725-567-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-567-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-567-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040725-568">
<interp inst="t19040725-568" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040725"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-568" type="date" value="19040725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040725-568-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-568-19040725 t19040725-568-offence-1 t19040725-568-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040725-568-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-568-19040725 t19040725-568-offence-1 t19040725-568-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-568-19040725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-568-19040725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-568-19040725" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-568-19040725" type="surname" value="GRIFFITHS"/>
<interp inst="def1-568-19040725" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ERNEST GRIFFITHS</hi> (32)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-568-19040725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-568-19040725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-568-19040725" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def2-568-19040725" type="surname" value="HARVEY"/>
<interp inst="def2-568-19040725" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE HARVEY</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t19040725-568-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-568-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-568-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/>, to feloniously breaking and entering the dwelling house of
<persName id="t19040725-name-126" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-126" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-126" type="surname" value="GRANT"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-126" type="given" value="THOMAS HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-568-offence-1 t19040725-name-126"/>Thomas Henry Grant</persName> and stealing therein a necklace and other articles his property, and a watch and other articles the property of
<persName id="t19040725-name-127" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-127" type="surname" value="HOOKE"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-127" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-568-offence-1 t19040725-name-127"/>Francis Hooke</persName>; </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GRIFFITHS</hi> having been convicted of felony at the Town Hall, Gravesend, on January 21st, 1902, in the name of
<persName id="t19040725-name-128">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-128" type="surname" value="CRAVEN"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-128" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>Ernest Craven</persName>.
<hi rend="italic">Seven precious convictions were proved, against him.
<rs id="t19040725-568-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-568-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-568-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-568-19040725 t19040725-568-punishment-22"/>Five years penal servitude.</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARVEY</hi> having been convicted of felony at Marl-borough Street Police Court on January 22nd, 1903.
<rs id="t19040725-568-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-568-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-568-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-568-19040725 t19040725-568-punishment-23"/>
<hi rend="italic">Three years' penal servitude—.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t19040725-568-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-568-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-568-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040725-569">
<interp inst="t19040725-569" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040725"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-569" type="date" value="19040725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040725-569-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-569-19040725 t19040725-569-offence-1 t19040725-569-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-569-19040725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-569-19040725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-569-19040725" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-569-19040725" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-569-19040725" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE HARRIS</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t19040725-569-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-569-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-569-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/>, to feloniously breaking and entering the dwelling house of
<persName id="t19040725-name-130" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-130" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-130" type="surname" value="REYNOLDS"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-130" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-569-offence-1 t19040725-name-130"/>Alfred Reynolds</persName>, and stealing therein a coat, his property;</rs> having been convicted of felony at this Court on June 25th, 1900.
<hi rend="italic">Several other convictions were proved against him.
<rs id="t19040725-569-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-569-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-569-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-569-19040725 t19040725-569-punishment-24"/>Twelve months' hard labour.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t19040725-569-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-569-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-569-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040725-570">
<interp inst="t19040725-570" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040725"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-570" type="date" value="19040725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040725-570-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-570-19040725 t19040725-570-offence-1 t19040725-570-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-570-19040725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-570-19040725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-570-19040725" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-570-19040725" type="surname" value="CARTER"/>
<interp inst="def1-570-19040725" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM CARTER</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t19040725-570-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-570-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-570-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/>, to breaking and entering the dwelling house of
<persName id="t19040725-name-132" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-132" type="surname" value="TURPIN"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-132" type="given" value="GEORGE HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-570-offence-1 t19040725-name-132"/>George Henry Turpin</persName>, with intent to steal. </rs>
<rs id="t19040725-570-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-570-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-570-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-570-19040725 t19040725-570-punishment-25"/>
<hi rend="italic">Three months' hard labour.—.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t19040725-570-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-570-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-570-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040725-571">
<interp inst="t19040725-571" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040725"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-571" type="date" value="19040725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040725-571-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-571-19040725 t19040725-571-offence-1 t19040725-571-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-571-19040725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-571-19040725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-571-19040725" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-571-19040725" type="surname" value="HELSDON"/>
<interp inst="def1-571-19040725" type="given" value="ERNEST EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ERNEST EDWARD HELS
<lb/>DON</hi> (31)</persName>
<rs id="t19040725-571-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-571-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-571-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>. to feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19040725-name-134" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-134" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-134" type="surname" value="FORD"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-134" type="given" value="EMILY CAROLINE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-571-offence-1 t19040725-name-134"/>Emily Caroline Ford</persName>, his wife being alive.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">Two previous convictions were proved against him.
<rs id="t19040725-571-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-571-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-571-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-571-19040725 t19040725-571-punishment-26"/>Three months without hard labour</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t19040725-571-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-571-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-571-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040725-572">
<interp inst="t19040725-572" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040725"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-572" type="date" value="19040725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040725-572-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-572-19040725 t19040725-572-offence-1 t19040725-572-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040725-572-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-572-19040725 t19040725-572-offence-1 t19040725-572-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040725-572-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-572-19040725 t19040725-572-offence-2 t19040725-572-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-572-19040725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-572-19040725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-572-19040725" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-572-19040725" type="surname" value="STOKES"/>
<interp inst="def1-572-19040725" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM STOKES</hi> (32)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-572-19040725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-572-19040725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-572-19040725" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def2-572-19040725" type="surname" value="DODSWORTH"/>
<interp inst="def2-572-19040725" type="given" value="ERNEST GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ERNEST GEORGE DODSWORTH</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t19040725-572-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-572-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-572-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to forging and uttering two orders for the payment of £12 and £16, with intent to defraud. </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DODSWORTH</hi>
<rs id="t19040725-572-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-572-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-572-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to stealing two registered post letters, four bankers' cheque forms, three halves of £100 Bank of England notes, and other orders for the payment of money, the property of
<persName id="t19040725-name-137" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-137" type="surname" value="CARVALHO"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-137" type="given" value="ISAAC NUNES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-572-offence-2 t19040725-name-137"/>Isaac Nunes Carvalho</persName> and another.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">It was stated that he was the tool of Stokes.
<rs id="t19040725-572-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-572-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-572-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-572-19040725 t19040725-572-punishment-27"/>Six months' hard labour.</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">STOKES</hi>† having been convicted of felony at Bow Street on March 27th,
<hi rend="italic">One other conviction was proved against him.
<rs id="t19040725-572-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-572-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-572-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-572-19040725 t19040725-572-punishment-28"/>Three years' penal servitude.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t19040725-572-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-572-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-572-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040725-573">
<interp inst="t19040725-573" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040725"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-573" type="date" value="19040725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040725-573-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-573-19040725 t19040725-573-offence-1 t19040725-573-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-573-19040725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-573-19040725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-573-19040725" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-573-19040725" type="surname" value="KILLICK"/>
<interp inst="def1-573-19040725" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES KILLICK</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t19040725-573-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-573-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-573-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assaultWithIntent"/>, to attempting to carnally know
<persName id="t19040725-name-139" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-139" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-139" type="surname" value="KILLICK"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-139" type="given" value="ETHEL FLORENCE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-573-offence-1 t19040725-name-139"/>Ethel Florence Killick</persName>, a girl under the age of thirteen years. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">Two previous convictions were proved against him.
<rs id="t19040725-573-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-573-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-573-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-573-19040725 t19040725-573-punishment-29"/>Six months hard labour.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t19040725-573-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-573-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-573-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040725-574">
<interp inst="t19040725-574" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040725"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-574" type="date" value="19040725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040725-574-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-574-19040725 t19040725-574-offence-1 t19040725-574-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-574-19040725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-574-19040725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-574-19040725" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-574-19040725" type="surname" value="NEWMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-574-19040725" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY NEWMAN</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t19040725-574-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-574-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-574-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t19040725-name-141" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-141" type="surname" value="BELL"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-141" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-574-offence-1 t19040725-name-141"/>Henry Bell</persName>, and stealing from him the sum of 10s. fid.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FITZGERALD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-142" type="surname" value="BELL"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-142" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY BELL</persName> </hi>. I reside at 277, Kingsland Road—about 4 p.m., on July 2nd, I was standing outside the Round House, near Spitalfields Market, when three men, one of whom was the prisoner, came and asked me to have a glass of ale—I went and had a glass of ale with them—I wanted to return the drink, and they told me to come round the corner to a beer shop there—we went round the corner into Paternoster Court,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190407250027"/>
<p>and they took me into a house, threw me on the stairs, throttled me, robbed me of 10s. 6d., and then ran away—I tried to catch them, but failing to do so, I went to the police station—I recognised the prisoner afterwards as one of the men who robbed me.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> You did not go into the public house with us—I picked you out at 8.30 p.m. the same evening by your clothes, hat, and face—I did not say at the police station that I had lost 26s. at first—I had been into two public houses before I went into the Round House—a woman who was a stranger to me came and asked me for a penny, and I gave her 2s. when she left me.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I drew 16s. fid. that Saturday for my wages—I had some money in another pocket which they did not take—there were four men who came up to me, and who attacked me afterwards—two of them went into the public house with me, and two waited outside—after I had been to the station I went out and walked about to see if I could see them—they said I was a little bit
<hi rend="italic">boozey</hi>, and to come back again—about 8.30 p.m. I saw the prisoner, and I went and pointed him out to a police-man.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-143" type="surname" value="PAYNE"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-143" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST PAYNE</persName> </hi> (285
<hi rend="italic">E.</hi>) On July 2nd, at 8.45 p.m., I was in Com-mercial Street, Spitalfields, when the prosecutor came up to me and said, "I have been robbed"—I said, "Who by?"—he replied, "I do not know who done it, not by name, but I know his face, and I can find him out"—I said, "Let us go and have a look for him," and we walked down Commercial Street until we saw two men talking together—the prosecutor pointed out one of them to me, who had his back turned towards us, saying he recognised the prisoner by his clothes—I arrested the wrong man, and the prosecutor said, "That is not
<hi rend="italic">him;</hi> you have got the wrong one: that is the one running away"—I ran after the prisoner and caught him—he said, "I have done nothing; I know nothing about it."</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Court intimated to the Jury that' the evidence was insufficient.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19040725-574-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-574-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-574-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="directed"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040725-575">
<interp inst="t19040725-575" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040725"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-575" type="date" value="19040725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040725-575-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-575-19040725 t19040725-575-offence-1 t19040725-575-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040725-575-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-575-19040725 t19040725-575-offence-1 t19040725-575-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-575-19040725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-575-19040725" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-575-19040725" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-575-19040725" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-575-19040725" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY ANN GREEN</hi> (31)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-575-19040725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-575-19040725" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-575-19040725" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def2-575-19040725" type="surname" value="HAMMOND"/>
<interp inst="def2-575-19040725" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARGARET HAMMOND</hi> (38)</persName>
<rs id="t19040725-575-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-575-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-575-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t19040725-name-146" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-146" type="surname" value="MONK"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-146" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-575-offence-1 t19040725-name-146"/>James Monk</persName> and stealing from him the sum of 1s. 10 1/2 d.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JOHNSTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-147" type="surname" value="MONK"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-147" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES MONK</persName> </hi>. Between 6 and 7 p.m., on June 20th, I was standing outside a public house when Green came up to me and knocked me about and took 1s. 10 1/2 d. from my pocket—there was another woman, who I believe was Hammond, who is a stranger to me—they threw me down and jumped on me—they then went into the public house—a policeman came up, and one of the witnesses told him about it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Green.</hi> I treated you once only on that day, at 12 a.m., and you saw I had got some money in my pocket.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I get my living selling matches—I started out that morning with 5s. in my pocket—I had bought some stock and sold it—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190407250028"/>
<p>I do not know what I did with the money I got from selling my stock; I had not been into any public house.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I was sober at the time.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-148" type="surname" value="STOW"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-148" type="given" value="HARRY"/>HARRY STOW</persName> </hi> (58
<hi rend="italic">H.</hi>) About 6.30 p.m. on June 20th I was in Brick-Lane when the prosecutor came to me with his nose bleeding and said that he had been assaulted and robbed of about 2s., that one woman had gone away and the other woman had gone into the public house—I saw Green in there, and told her I should arrest her for assault and robbery—she said, "I admit I assaulted him, but I have not robbed him"—I took her to the station, and twenty-five minutes afterwards Hammond came with Green's shawl, and the prosecutor and two other witnesses identified her as the other woman—when charged with the assault Green said, "I admit the assault, but not the robbery"—Hammond said, "I know nothing at all about it"—Green had a small mark inside her lip, likely to have been caused by a blow—the prosecutor was sober at the time.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. There was nothing found on Green; on Hammond there was found 6d. in silver and 4d. in bronze.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-149" type="surname" value="ROSENBERG"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-149" type="given" value="DAVIS"/>DAVIS ROSENBERG</persName> </hi>. I am a tailor, of 106, Old Montague Street—between 6 and 6.30 p.m. on June 20th I was walking through Old Montague Street, and had got to the corner of Osborn Street, when I saw Green searching the prosecutor's pockets and hand something to Hammond, who was standing by laughing—a policeman came up, and I told him what had occurred—on turning round I saw that Green was going into the public house, and that Hammond had disappeared—the constable went inside and brought Green out and took her to the station—about twenty-five minutes afterwards Hammond came to the station, and I pointed her out.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. There was a scuffle—the prosecutor is a cripple, and could not defend himself very well—I saw Green hitting him—I was ten yards away from them at the time.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Green.</hi> After you put your hands in his pockets you hit him—I got into a van afterwards, and the prosecutor was driven to the station—I could see you perfectly well from where I was standing—I did not see the prosecutor hit you.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Hammond.</hi> I cannot tell what it was that Green handed to you.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I had nothing to do with the van; it was only used by way of an ambulance to take the prosecutor to the station.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-150" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-150" type="surname" value="SIMONS"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-150" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL SIMONS</persName> </hi>. I am a machinist, of Zion House, Zion Square—I was coming home from work at 6 p.m. on June 20th, when I saw the prisoners
<hi rend="italic">having the</hi> prosecutor up against a public house—Green, after forcing his hands open twice and finding nothing in them, went through his pockets—the prosecutor hit her, and she turned round to Hammond and said, "Look how he is hitting me"—then she hit him on the face—I did not see her take anything out of his pockets—a carman came up—Hammond was standing by laughing.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Green.</hi> I saw you go into the public house afterwards.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190407250029"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Hammond.</hi> I did not see you receive any money from Green—I am quite sure you are the woman I saw laughing.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Green, in her defence, said that the prosecutor used to stand about the street all day, and used to have larks with them; that he hit her on the mouth, causing it to bleed; that it was in self defence that she had hit him, and that she did not rob him.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Hammond, in her defence, said that she was not there at the time, and had never seen the prosecutor before, and that she could prove what money she had on her at the time.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Evidence for Green's defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-151" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-151" type="surname" value="DONNELLY"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-151" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE DONNELLY</persName> </hi>. I am a married woman—at midday on June 20th I pawned a pair of boots for Hammond for 1s. 5 1/2 d.—this is the pawn ticket (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>), which she asked me to keep for safe keeping—I gave my own name when I pawned the boots.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19040725-575-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-575-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-575-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040725-576">
<interp inst="t19040725-576" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040725"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-576" type="date" value="19040725"/>
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<persName id="def1-576-19040725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-576-19040725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-576-19040725" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-576-19040725" type="surname" value="BUTCHER"/>
<interp inst="def1-576-19040725" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRY BUTCHER</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t19040725-576-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-576-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-576-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assaultWithIntent"/>, Attempting to have carnal knowledge of
<persName id="t19040725-name-153" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-153" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-153" type="surname" value="DOWNHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-153" type="given" value="CATHERINE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-576-offence-1 t19040725-name-153"/>Catherine Downham</persName>, a girl under the age of thirteen years.
<hi rend="italic">Second count</hi>, indecently assaulting her.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<rs id="t19040725-576-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-576-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-576-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">on the second count.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t19040725-576-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-576-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-576-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-576-19040725 t19040725-576-punishment-30"/>
<hi rend="italic">Discharged on his own recognisances.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19040725-577" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040725"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-577" type="date" value="19040725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040725-577-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-577-19040725 t19040725-577-offence-1 t19040725-577-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-577-19040725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-577-19040725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-577-19040725" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-577-19040725" type="surname" value="QUINN"/>
<interp inst="def1-577-19040725" type="given" value="FREDERICK GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK GEORGE QUINN</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t19040725-577-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-577-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-577-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Obtaining by false pre-tences from
<persName id="t19040725-name-155" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-155" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-155" type="surname" value="LEDERER"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-155" type="given" value="FELIX"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-577-offence-1 t19040725-name-155"/>Felix Lederer</persName> a piece of satin, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DR. COUNSEL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">During the progress of the case the Court held that there was not sufficient evidence. and the Jury returned a verdict of</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19040725-577-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-577-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-577-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="directed"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19040725-578" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040725"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-578" type="date" value="19040725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040725-578-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-578-19040725 t19040725-578-offence-1 t19040725-578-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-578-19040725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-578-19040725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-578-19040725" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-578-19040725" type="surname" value="MEYER"/>
<interp inst="def1-578-19040725" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MICHAEL MEYER</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t19040725-578-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-578-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-578-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, Breaking and entering the shop of
<persName id="t19040725-name-157" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-157" type="surname" value="CRICK"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-157" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-157" type="occupation" value="shopkeeper"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-578-offence-1 t19040725-name-157"/>walter Crick</persName> and another, and stealing therein five pairs of boots and other articles and the sum of £1 4s. 6 1/2 d.
<hi rend="italic">Second count</hi>, receiving those goods knowing they were stolen.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GANZ</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-158" type="surname" value="CHAMBERS"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-158" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH CHAMBERS</persName> </hi> (410
<hi rend="italic">H.</hi>) In the early morning of July 29th I was on Great Tower Hill, when I saw the prisoner coming towards Great Tower Hill with another man—he was carrying in his right hand a parcel tied up with two handkerchiefs, containing boots (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>)—I asked him where he had got the boots from, and he said, "All right, guv'nor, I work for a man who is a dealer in boots"—on my asking him who the man was, he said, "I do not know where he lives; I have worked for him for about three months"—I told him that that would not do for me, and that he would have to come with me to the station—he said, "A man gave them to me, and told me to meet him at St. George's Street, and he would square up with me when he received the boots from me, and that he would give me 10s. for my trouble; I have been out of work for a long time, and thought that it would be a little help; I thought it funny"—I was taking him to the station, and had reached the bottom of Leman Street, when he said, "If you do not let me go, I will pull your f——b——out of you," and he kicked me and got me to the ground, catching</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190407250030"/>
<p>hold of my privates—I blew my whistle and Easterbrook came to my assistance—I was laid up for ten days.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-159" type="surname" value="EASTERBROOK"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-159" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD EASTERBROOK</persName> </hi> (67
<hi rend="italic">H.</hi>) On June 29th I was on duty in Wells Street, when, about 2.40 a.m., I heard a police whistle—I ran up and saw Chambers struggling with the prisoner, who had hold of his collar with his left hand, and with the right hand he held his testacles—Chambers aid, "Get him off, Dick, he has hold of my privates," and I got the prisoner off.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-160" type="surname" value="VINCENT"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-160" type="given" value="AUGUSTUS EDMUND"/>AUGUSTUS EDMUND VINCENT</persName> </hi>. I am the manager of Messrs. Crick & Co., bootmakers, of 16, Mark Lane—I recognise these boots (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) as being the property of my employers—the last time I saw them safe in the shop was on June 28th—I bolted the door of the shop myself that night—I left £1 4s. 6 1/2 d., made up of a half-sovereign, a 5s. piece, a 4s. (id. postal order, and the rest was in coppers and silver—on the following morning on arriving at the shop I found the fanlight was smashed to pieces, and the shop was in very great disorder—I saw the boxes where the boots had come from.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-161" type="surname" value="KELF"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-161" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS KELF</persName> </hi> (750
<hi rend="italic">C.</hi>) In the early morning of June 29th I was on duty in Mark Lane—at 3.10 a.m. I noticed that the fanlight of Messrs. Crick's premises had been broken—I had seen it just after 2 a.m., when it was all right.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-162" type="surname" value="ORSMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-162" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH ORSMAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant, City.</hi>) I went to 16, Mark Lane on June 29th and examined the premises—I found on the door marks of climbing, and pieces of glass had been taken from the fanlight—I also found a quantity of glass lying inside on the mat, which I produce—I found finger marks upon the pieces, and handed them to Thompson, with instructions to take them to Scotland Yard to be examined by an expert—I found a chair inside on the mat, which had evidently been used by a person reaching up to the fanlight—it was covered with American cloth, and I took a copy of an impression of a heel that I found upon it—I examined this impression with the heel of the boot worn by the prisoner, and found them identical.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-163" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-163" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST THOMPSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective, City.</hi>) I searched the prisoner at the Minories Police Station on the morning of June 29th, and found upon him 10s. 6 1/2 d. in money, amongst that money being a 5s. piece, also two pairs of laces, which were afterwards identified by Mr. Vincent, and ten pawn tickets to the value of £2, principally for underclothing—Orsman handed me some pieces of glass to take to the Finger Print Department at New Scotland Yard, and I handed them to Collins.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-164" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-164" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-164" type="given" value="CHARLES STOCKLEV"/>CHARLES STOCKLEV COLLINS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector.</hi>) I am attached to the Finger Print Department of the Metropolitan Police at New Scotland Yard—on June 29th I received from Thompson these pieces of glass (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>), upon which were certain finger marks—there are four impressions, and the clearest one was photographed (
<hi rend="italic">Photograph produced</hi>)—I also produce a photograph of the prisoner's right middle finger impression enlarged, which I took from the prisoner at Brixton Prison (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>)—I have com
<lb/>pared the two photographs, and I have no hesitation in saying they are exactly the same—no two finger prints are alike—there are twelve points</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190407250031"/>
<p>of identity that I have marked in red ink—No. I red ink line indicates on the one photograph one line forks, and then falls off into two—both prints are the same in this respect, as also No. 2, where there are two lines running off the forking or demarkation, and a stopping line coming upwards—No. 3 is again a stopping line coming upwards, and it is the third line from No. 2—No. 4 is a line terminating upwards—No. 5 is a line also terminating upwards, and is the sixth line from No. 3 coming downwards slightly—No. 6 is a line terminating upwards—No. 7 is a branch line of No. 8, which is a fork or demarkation, and terminates upwards; this is a very unusual form of pattern, and is marked in each very distinctly—Nos. 9, 10, 11, and 12 are other points of similarity.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19040725-578-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-578-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-578-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19040725-578-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-578-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-578-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-578-19040725 t19040725-578-punishment-31"/>Nine months' hard labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, July</hi> 27
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1904.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Ridley.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="t19040725-579" type="date" value="19040725"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040725-579-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-579-19040725 t19040725-579-offence-2 t19040725-579-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-579-19040725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-579-19040725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-579-19040725" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-579-19040725" type="surname" value="ANDREW"/>
<interp inst="def1-579-19040725" type="given" value="PHILIP WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PHILIP WILLIAM ANDREW</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t19040725-579-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-579-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-579-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19040725-579-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-579-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-579-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to feloniously wounding
<persName id="t19040725-name-166" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-166" type="surname" value="BENN"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-166" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-579-offence-1 t19040725-name-166"/>Benjamin Benn</persName>, with intent to kill and murder him;</rs>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<rs id="t19040725-579-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-579-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-579-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>to attempting to commit suicide.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="italic">He received a good character.
<rs id="t19040725-579-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-579-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-579-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-579-19040725 t19040725-579-punishment-32"/>Fifteen months' hard labour.</rs> </hi>—And.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="def1-580-19040725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-580-19040725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-580-19040725" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-580-19040725" type="surname" value="HARRISON"/>
<interp inst="def1-580-19040725" type="given" value="SIDNEY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SIDNEY HARRISON</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t19040725-580-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-580-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-580-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/> to carnally knowing
<persName id="t19040725-name-168" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-168" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-168" type="surname" value="CROSS"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-168" type="given" value="ROSE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-580-offence-1 t19040725-name-168"/>Rose Cross</persName>, a girl under the age of sixteen years. </rs>
<rs id="t19040725-580-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-580-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-580-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-580-19040725 t19040725-580-punishment-33"/>
<hi rend="italic">Three years' penal servitude.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t19040725-580-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-580-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-580-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040725-581">
<interp inst="t19040725-581" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040725"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-581" type="date" value="19040725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040725-581-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-581-19040725 t19040725-581-offence-1 t19040725-581-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-581-19040725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-581-19040725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-581-19040725" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-581-19040725" type="surname" value="LUMLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-581-19040725" type="given" value="CECIL ALGERNON"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CECIL ALGERNON LUMLEY</hi> (37)</persName>
<rs id="t19040725-581-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-581-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-581-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Feloniously forging and uttering an endorsement on a warrant for the payment of £5, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MUIR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ARTHUR GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ELLIOTT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-170" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-170" type="surname" value="MACDONALD"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-170" type="given" value="FLORENCE"/>FLORENCE MACDONALD</persName> </hi>. I live at 3, Fairfield Villas, Main Road, Cape Town, and am employed at Sea Point, Cape Town—on August 5th, 1903, I wrote a letter to Mrs. Henry, 65, Great Portland Street, London—I enclosed this cheque in the letter (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>)—it was dated' August 4th, and drawn on the African Banking Corporation, Limited, 47, Thread-needle Street, payable to Mrs. Henry, London, or order—the cheque was enclosed with a letter and registered—the letter was written to Mrs. Henry, whom I knew, containing some orders
<hi rend="italic">ior</hi> dresses—I never received the dresses, and I had no communication from Mrs. Henry—I made a complaint to the post office in the following December, and I communi-cated with my uncle, Mr. Munton, in London—the cheque was returned in its present condition.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It was paid into the account of Mainprice & Lord, and bears the endorsement "Mary Henry."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-171" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-171" type="given" value="ARTHUR SIDNEY"/>ARTHUR SIDNEY TAYLOR</persName> </hi>. I am a postman, attached to the Western District Office—on August 24th, 1903, I received a registered letter to deliver—it was addressed to Mrs. Henry, 65, Great Portland Street—I took it to that address about half-past ten in the morning—I there saw a lad named Howlett—I gave it to him, and obtained his signature—he signed the receipt.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190407250032"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-172" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-172" type="surname" value="HOWLKTT"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-172" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE HOWLKTT</persName> </hi>. I am now an electrician, and formerly resided at Bartholomew Street, Rugby—I was formerly in the prisoner's employ-ment—it was part of my duty to receive and sign for registered letters—I signed this receipt (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>), dated August 24th—when I received the letter I put it on the prisoner's table—I remember some inquiries being made by a Post Office official about a registered letter—I mentioned to the prisoner that a man called who saw the official several times—he mostly saw the official each time I told him he was there—he did not see him always—he used to tell him to call again, as he was so busy.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was with the prisoner fifteen months—during that time a great many registered letters came—I remember during the time I was there a lady client calling in the name of Mrs. Gerald—letters came to the office for her—they came for her. care of the prisoner—I do not think I can describe her—she was about 40—she was a dressmaker, I believe—I believe she once had a place at 42, Great Portland Street—I am not quite certain as to the address—I do not know if she had an address at 97. Park Street. Gloucester Gate—I could recognise her—she was fair, short, and of middle height, I should say—she was not a very good looking lady to my thinking.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> When a registered letter came I put it on the prisoner's desk, and if it was "c o" some of his clients, I used to put it on the chimney piece.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-173" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-173" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-173" type="surname" value="TURNER"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-173" type="given" value="ROWLAND"/>ROWLAND TURNER</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Mainprice & Lord, wine merchants, 83, High Road, Kilburn—the prisoner was a customer of ours—about the fourth week in August, 1903, he asked me as a favour to change this cheque for £5, as the collector of the water rate next door had refused to cash any cheque, and he asked me, as a customer, to cash it, otherwise they would cut the water off—I gave him £5 in cash—it was endorsed—I sent the cheque, with other moneys, to the office of my firm in Lewisham High Road.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It was the water company, he told me, would not cash the cheque.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-174" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-174" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-174" type="surname" value="DICKSON"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-174" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS DICKSON LORD</persName> </hi>. I am a partner in the firm of Mainprice & Lord—I received this cheque at Lewisham on August 27th by post—I paid it into my banking account on that day.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-175" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-175" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-175" type="surname" value="MUNTON"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-175" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH MUNTON</persName> </hi>. I live at 4, Hatherley Road, Walthamstow, and am Miss Florence Macdonald's uncle—on January 2nd, 1904, I received this cheque, enclosed in a letter from my niece in South Africa—I made some inquiries, and went to the post office in vere Street—I first went to the police on the Friday in Whit week.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-176" type="surname" value="AMERY"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-176" type="given" value="FREDERICK JOHN"/>FREDERICK JOHN AMERY</persName> </hi>. I am an inquiry officer at the Vere Street Post Office—on December 22nd a communication was made to the post office by Miss Macdonald—in consequence I made inquiries—on January 19th I went to 65, Great Portland Street—on that occasion I did not see the prisoner—I saw Howlett and a clerk named Tomkins, but I did not know his name then—I called again next day by arrangement—on that occasion I saw the prisoner—I told him I called with reference to an inquiry that had been nude in respect to a registered letter that had been</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190407250033"/>
<p>signed for by a lad in his employ—I told him that the letter never reached the address—he said he did not recollect the particular letter—that all letters addressed to Mrs. Henry had been re-directed by him to 154, Great Portland Street—I reported that to the Post Office—I had told him that the letter was addressed to Mrs. Henry—at 154, Great Portland Street there was a dressmaker named F. Henry—I do not think I called again on the prisoner—I think the case was afterwards gone into by another inquiry officer—I have not had an opportunity of looking at my papers—I did not call on him again and tell him the result of the inquiries at 154, Great Portland Street; that the letter he had re-directed there was not registered, and was not the one under inquiry—he said something to the effect that he did not remember whether the letter he had re-directed was registered or not—after that the inquiry was taken up by Mr. Meech.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> When I called upon the prisoner he discussed the matter quite fairly, and, as far as he appeared, was interested in the matter, but did not know anything about it—he was not upset.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-177" type="surname" value="MEECH"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-177" type="given" value="HENRY CHARLES"/>HENRY CHARLES MEECH</persName> </hi>. I am an overseer in the employ of the Postmaster-General—on January 17th, under instructions, I called at (55, Great Portland Street and saw the prisoner—I asked him whether he could explain how he negotiated the cheque which had been delivered to him and addressed to Mrs. Henry—I told him the receipt had been signed by his boy, and the cheque had been traced to Messrs. Mainprice & Lord, who said they had received it from him—he asked if the case could be left over until the following Friday, when he would see to the matter, and would probably give an explanation which would be satis-factory—T called again and saw him on February 25th—I said we had received no call from him or any explanation—he seemed to be distressed, and made some plea about a servant having committed suicide, and he was worried—he gave no information whatever—he said he would call and see the postmaster. I think, on the following Friday—I cannot say the date exactly—so far as I know no explanation was received by the postal authorities.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> When I mentioned this matter to the prisoner he appeared quite willing to discuss it—he said, "Mainprice & Lord are my wine merchants, but I cannot say in what way I paid them the cheque, but I will give the matter my attention; will you let the matter stand until Fri-day, February 19th, and I will look them up"—he said he was rather busy.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-178" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-178" type="surname" value="TOMPKINS"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-178" type="given" value="FREDERICK HALL"/>FREDERICK HALL TOMPKINS</persName> </hi>. I was formerly in the prisoner's employ.—I remember inquiries being made early this year by the two last witnesses with regard to a registered letter—I do not think the prisoner told me anything about these inguiries—I think he made an appointment to go round to the post office—I afterwards asked him if he had been—he said he had. and had put it all right—I cannot say at this length of time how long that would be before his arrest.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am a solicitor—I was associated with the prisoner between three and four years—I first went to him, I think, in May, 1901—I remained with him until the end of 1903—right up to what I call the climax—I cannot say if he had two clients named Mr. and Mrs. Henry—I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190407250034"/>
<p>knew a Mrs. Gerald—I do not know that Mrs. Gerald's name was formerly Mrs. Henry—I have heard so—I cannot say if Mrs. Gerald who is suggested as being Mrs. Henry, formerly kept a milliner's and dress making establish-ment at 07, Park Street, Gloucester Gate—I knew her in Great Portland Street—42, I think—I believe she had had a milliner's and dress making business there—I know that she is a milliner and dressmaker—during the time I was with the prisoner letters came to the office addressed to Mrs. Gerald, I think—he permitted many of his clients to have their letters addressed to his office—large numbers of registered letters came—they were taken away by the Official Receiver—Mrs. Gerald was a client up to the end of 1903—the last matter done for her was in connection with an ejectment—there were, I think, some costs due to the prisoner in connec-tion with the proceedings—at any rate, she owed him money.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I was managing clerk, and enjoyed the prisoner's con-fidence—up to the date of his arrest he offered me no explanation with regard to this letter, which the Post Office officials were inquiring about—Mrs. Gerald was ejected about December, 1903, I think—in August her address was about a dozen doors down—I think it was 45—she was always Mrs. Gerald when I knew her—I can't say in how many matters the prisoner acted for her, to my recollection certainly three—so far as I know, in all of these she was described as Mrs. Gerald—the prisoner called on me four or five weeks ago—that was after his arrest—I cannot recognise the handwriting on this document (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>)—I cannot say if it is a disguised handwriting.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-179" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-179" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-179" type="surname" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-179" type="given" value="KATE"/>KATE HENRY</persName> </hi>. I live at 30, Brondesbury Villas, Kilburn—I formerly carried on business as a dress maker at 46, Great Portland Street, in the name of Lyon—that was before I was married in December, 1902—Mr. Lyon, my brother, rented the premises—I did not receive this cheque—the endorsement is not mine—I authorised no one to write it—I received no letter from Miss Macdonald in August, 1903—I authorised no one at Great Portland Street to receive my letters nor open them, nor to deal with them in any-way.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have seen the prisoner once—he has not been my solicitor, and has not acted for me in any way—I left my address with the postal authorities when I went away.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-180" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-180" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-180" type="surname" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-180" type="given" value="FREDERICK GILBERT"/>FREDERICK GILBERT HENRY</persName> </hi>. I am a corset maker, carrying on busi-ness with my mother at 154, Great Portland Street, under the name of Madam F. Henry—the last witness made dresses for madame and my sister—no registered letter addressed to 65, Great Portland Street was sent on to me at 154, Great Portland Street—I received a letter which had been addressed to Henry, 65, Great Portland Street—it was sent to me at my address—that was an unregistered letter—that was about October 14th—when I received the letter it had been opened, put into a fresh envelope, and forwarded by hand in a different handwriting from that on the letter inside—it contained a cheque which I received from Osborne and Matthews—it was drawn by a London firm on a London bank—I returned it to the drawers, and at the same time gave the proper address of Mrs. Henry.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190407250035"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-181" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-181" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-181" type="surname" value="HUNTLY"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-181" type="given" value="GEORGE GORDON, MARQUIS OF"/>GEORGE GORDON, MARQUIS OF HUNTLY</persName> </hi>. I know the prisoner's hand-writing—both these letters (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) were written by him in my presence.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-182" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-182" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-182" type="surname" value="ARCHER"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-182" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE ARCHER</persName> </hi>. I am a fishmonger of 14, Cumberland Place, Chelsea—the prisoner wrote this letter in my presence.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-183" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-183" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-183" type="surname" value="GURRIN"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-183" type="given" value="THOMAS HENRY"/>THOMAS HENRY GURRIN</persName> </hi>. I am a handwriting expert of many years' experience—I have compared the endorsement, "Mary Henry," on the cheque with these exhibits—I have also been through a large number of exhibits in this case purporting to be signed by C. A. Lumley—I see a, large number of specimens of his handwriting among these exhibits—among all the specimens I have not seen any written at the same angle as the word "Mary"—I should say that that is not his ordinary hand-writing—I should say it is a disguised handwriting in the sense that it is not written in his usual style—the usual means taken by a person to disguise handwriting is to write at a different angle—either vertical or backwards.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The writing of a person using a stylographic pen would show a difference on account of the pen.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-184" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-184" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-184" type="surname" value="PITT"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-184" type="given" value="BRAHAM"/>BRAHAM PITT</persName> </hi>. I am postmaster at Vere Street Post Office—it was from my office that inquiries were directed with regard to the missing letter from South Africa—the prisoner never called upon me—he never gave me any explanation with regard to this matter. Stanley Davidson. I am a clerk at the Capital and Counties Bank Oxford Street Branch—the prisoner opened an account there on Novem-ber 17th, 1902—a number of cheques drawn on the account were dis-honoured—I gave him notice to discontinue it—on April 3rd, 1902, I wrote this letter to him: "Sir,—As your account was garnished on March 19th, there was no balance on that date. The account was there-fore closed, and all cheques will be marked to that effect"—notwith-. standing that, cheques continued to come—two in May and two in June.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-185" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-185" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-185" type="surname" value="BOYLE"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-185" type="given" value="GEORGE INGLIS"/>GEORGE INGLIS BOYLE</persName> </hi>. I am a messenger at the Bankruptcy Court, and produce records of the prisoner's bankruptcy—from 1897 down to 1903 he was an undischarged bankrupt—I cannot say whether a number of registered letters were taken away from his, place—I have not been served with notice to produce those letters.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-186" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-186" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-186" type="surname" value="MCPHERSON"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-186" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MCPHERSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant</hi>), I have made inquiries into certain county court proceedings against the prisoner—I produce records. showing the number of county court orders and the amounts remaining unsatisfied—I have found unsatisfied judgments in Bloomsbury County Court and Westminster County Court.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence on with said that he was admitted a solicitor in</hi> 1899;
<hi rend="italic">that he had two clients named Mr. and Mrs. Henry; that Mrs. Henry changed her name to Mrs. Gerald; that on one occasion, at his office, when she owed him money for costs she gave him authority to pay himself from the proceeds of a cheque which might come for her in a registered letter: that him call" book proved that Mrs. Henry called on him; that his clerk Meads was present when Mrs. Henry spoke about the registered letter; that Mrs. Henry or Gerald could not now be found, although he had made every</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190407250038"/>
<hi rend="italic">effort to trace her, although he had not sought the assistance of the police or advertised; that Meads had made the entries in the call book while in his employ: that he had the discussion with Mrs. Henry about the costs in April or May.</hi> 1903;
<hi rend="italic">that</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">he</hi> £5
<hi rend="italic">cheque came in August</hi>, 1903,
<hi rend="italic">and denied that he had disguised his handwriting on it.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Evidence for the defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-187" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-187" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-187" type="surname" value="MEADS"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-187" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM MEADS</persName> </hi>. I live at 12, George Street, Blackfriars Road, and am a journalist—in 1901 I entered the prisoner's service as a clerk—I left in October, 1902—during that time the prisoner had clients named Mr. and Mrs. Henry—I know the woman came from Camden Town—I believe she was a dressmaker—I always gathered she was in monetary trouble—she consulted the prisoner in reference to it—I practically kept the call book during the time I was there—"Mr. and Mrs. Henry "are entries in my handwriting—I made them at the time they purport to be made in this book (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>), the dates are September 12th, August 16th. and September 19th, 1902.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have seen the prisoner four times since I left his employment—three times within the last fortnight—I have been present at four or five interviews between Mrs. Henry and the prisoner—it was said that registered letters would come to the office for Mrs. Henry—there is a note in my writing on October 4th, 1902. that I left on that day—the interview about the registered letter was about July, 1902—I remember the prisoner one day beckoning to me indicating that I might be wanted to take a shorthand note—I remember him asking Mrs. Henry when she could pay him—she told him she would pay him as soon as she could get some money in, but that it was difficult to get money, and if any came for her he was to use it and let her know—I remember the prisoner jocularly remarking to her, "Then if I get a cheque I am to endorse it and pass it through my account, and that will be all right"—she said, "Yes;"—she said, "You won't get any big cheque, only a small one or two"—she intimated to me that registered letters would come to her through the prisoner—I remember her giving him authority to open letters and take any cheques that came—I first told the prisoner that I could tell this story when he asked me a number of questions—he did not tell me that the date when he was accused of stealing this cheque was 1903, and not 1902—he did not mention August—when I came into this box I had no idea in what year. the accusation took place—he mentioned the month, but did not mention the year—the entries in this call book are at the end of a blank space left at the end of a day—they are in my handwriting—they were made within the last fortnight—I put them there—the prisoner knew it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-188" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-188" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-188" type="surname" value="RICHARDS"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-188" type="given" value="HENRY HOOPER"/>HENRY HOOPER RICHARDS</persName> </hi>. I am a solicitor, of 211, Albion Road, Stoke Newington—I was formerly in the employ of the prisoner—I entered his service about September, 1903, until April this year—during the time I was there I do not remember a client in the name of Henry—I remember a Mrs. Gerald—she was a client—she lived in Great Portland Street—I attended to ejectment proceedings for her—it must have been September, 1902, that I went to the prisoner's—Mrs. Gerald owed him</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190407250039"/>
<p>money for costs in respect to work done—she came to the once from time to time—letters were received at the office for her from time to time—I remember some being taken away by the official receiver—there were thirty or forty letters waiting there for clients at that time.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> With regard to this particular letter and cheque in August, 1903, I know nothing about it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-189" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-189" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-189" type="surname" value="MEADS"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-189" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM MEADS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined by the</hi> Court). I made the corrections in that book within the last fortnight in a restaurant—the prisoner was with me—no one else—when I saw my handwriting I thought I was in the direction for truth—when the prisoner said, "You might add a couple of names there," I didn't take any more notice about it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JUSTICE RIDLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">directed that proceedings should be taken against the witness for perjury.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19040725-581-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-581-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-581-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19040725-581-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-581-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-581-punishment-34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-581-19040725 t19040725-581-punishment-34"/>Four years' penal servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday, July</hi> 27
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 28
<hi rend="italic">th, and</hi> 29
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1904.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="t19040725-582" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040725"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-582" type="date" value="19040725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040725-582-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-582-19040725 t19040725-582-offence-1 t19040725-582-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-582-19040725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-582-19040725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-582-19040725" type="age" value="79"/>
<interp inst="def1-582-19040725" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="def1-582-19040725" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE WILLIAMS</hi> (79)</persName>
<rs id="t19040725-582-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-582-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-582-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19040725-582-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-582-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-582-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to feloniously steal
<lb/>ing fourteen brass gas brackets and other articles belonging to
<persName id="t19040725-name-191" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-191" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-191" type="surname" value="GREENBERG"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-191" type="given" value="MORRIS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-582-offence-1 t19040725-name-191"/>Morris Greenberg</persName>, having been convicted of felony at Clerkenwell on February 17th, 1903, in the name of
<persName id="t19040725-name-192">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-192" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-192" type="surname" value="SWABY"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-192" type="given" value="JOHN"/>John Swaby</persName>.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">Several other convictions were proved against him.
<rs id="t19040725-582-punishment-35" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-582-punishment-35" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-582-punishment-35" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-582-19040725 t19040725-582-punishment-35"/>Twelve months' hard labour.</rs> </hi></p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040725-583">
<interp inst="t19040725-583" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040725"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-583" type="date" value="19040725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040725-583-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-583-19040725 t19040725-583-offence-1 t19040725-583-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-583-19040725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-583-19040725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-583-19040725" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-583-19040725" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-583-19040725" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES DAVIS</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t19040725-583-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-583-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-583-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="extortion"/>, to feloniously delivering and uttering a letter to
<persName id="t19040725-name-194" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-194" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-194" type="surname" value="HUTCHENCE"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-194" type="given" value="GEORGE WALLACE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-583-offence-1 t19040725-name-194"/>George Wallace Hutchence</persName> demanding money with menaces, having been convicted of felony at the Marylebone Police Court on March 24th, 1903, in the name of
<persName id="t19040725-name-195">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-195" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-195" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-195" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>Samuel Brown</persName>;</rs>
<hi rend="italic">The police gave him a bad character.
<rs id="t19040725-583-punishment-36" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-583-punishment-36" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-583-punishment-36" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-583-19040725 t19040725-583-punishment-36"/>Six years' penal servitude.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t19040725-583-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-583-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-583-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> And</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19040725-584" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040725"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-584" type="date" value="19040725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040725-584-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-584-19040725 t19040725-584-offence-1 t19040725-584-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-584-19040725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-584-19040725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-584-19040725" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-584-19040725" type="surname" value="PETHERICK"/>
<interp inst="def1-584-19040725" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN PETHERICK</hi> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t19040725-584-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-584-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-584-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>, to feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19040725-name-197" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-197" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-197" type="surname" value="HAYNES"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-197" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-584-offence-1 t19040725-name-197"/>Sarah Haynes</persName>, his wife being alive. </rs>
<rs id="t19040725-584-punishment-37" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-584-punishment-37" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-584-punishment-37" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-584-19040725 t19040725-584-punishment-37"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve months' hard labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t19040725-584-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-584-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-584-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19040725-585" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040725"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-585" type="date" value="19040725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040725-585-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-585-19040725 t19040725-585-offence-1 t19040725-585-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040725-585-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-585-19040725 t19040725-585-offence-1 t19040725-585-verdict-2"/>
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<persName id="def1-585-19040725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-585-19040725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-585-19040725" type="age" value="56"/>
<interp inst="def1-585-19040725" type="surname" value="HECKSCHER"/>
<interp inst="def1-585-19040725" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARD HECKSCHER</hi> (56)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-585-19040725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-585-19040725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-585-19040725" type="age" value="46"/>
<interp inst="def2-585-19040725" type="surname" value="PAPPA"/>
<interp inst="def2-585-19040725" type="given" value="DEMOSTHENES GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def2-585-19040725" type="occupation" value="company director"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DEMOSTHENES GEORGE PAPPA</hi> (46)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-585-19040725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-585-19040725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-585-19040725" type="surname" value="LARCHIN"/>
<interp inst="def3-585-19040725" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT LARCHIN</hi>, Conspiring</persName>
<rs id="t19040725-585-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-585-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-585-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/> together with other persons unknown to cheat and defraud the
<persName id="t19040725-name-201" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-201" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040725-585-offence-1 t19040725-name-201"/>Clifton Consolidated Copper Mines of Arizona, Limited</persName>, of their moneys and valuable securities;
<hi rend="italic">Second count</hi>, Unlawfully obtaining by false pretences a cheque for the payment of £1,958 15s. 3d. with intent to defraud;
<hi rend="largeCaps">PAPPA</hi> being a director of the said company did fraudulently apply a valuable security to the amount of £l,95s. 15s. 3d. to his own purposes,
<hi rend="largeCaps">HECKSCHER</hi> and
<hi rend="largeCaps">LARCHIN</hi> aiding and abetting him.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. AVORY</hi>, K.C.
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MUIK</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEYCESTER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HEMMERDE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DUDLEY WARD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended Hcckscher and Pappa; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GERMAIXE</hi>, K.C.,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HOLLOWAY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended Larchin.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">The prosecution offered no evidence against Larchin, and the</hi> Jury
<hi rend="italic">re-turned a verdict of</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19040725-585-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040725-585-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-585-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-202" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-202" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-202" type="surname" value="GALLAHER"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-202" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES GALLAHER</persName> </hi>. I am from the office of the Registrar of Joint Stock Companies at Somerset House, and produce the file of the Anglo-Continental Agency, Limited—it was registered on August 14th, 1897—the office was at 47, Old Broad Street—there is an agreement on the file</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190407250040"/>
<p>showing that the company purchased the business of Richard Heckscher for £4, (K) D. payable as to £3.910 in shares of £1 each—of those 3.910 shares, 3.710 stand in the name of Kate Myra Heckscher. of ii. Earl's Court Square, one in the name of Richard Heckscher. six in the name of Demosthenes George Pappa, and fifty in the name of Robert larchin, who is described as a director of the company—by December. 1903. the total paid up capital was 8251—I have here the tile of the Clifton Con-solidated Copper Mines of Arizona, Limited, registered on June 6th, 19Ol—from the agreement on the file I find it was formed to acquire leases and claims of mining property in Arizona territory from the Clifton Arizona Copper Company—in the return for 1902 I find the directors were Maurice Fontaine. James Henry Mace. Count Albert de Sonis. And jules Fribourg—there is a notice dated October 1st. 1902. showing that Demosthenes George Pappa had become a director—by December 19th, 1902, I find he had resigned—the agreement on the file contains a schedule of the mining claims acquired by the company.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-203" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-203" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-203" type="surname" value="FONTAIXE"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-203" type="given" value="MANRICE"/>MANRICE FONTAIXE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Interpreted.</hi>) I am a mining engineer residing at Douai. Nord, France, and have had over twenty years' experience of mines-in 1901. I met Pappa in Paris—both prisoners speak and write French—Pappa proposed to me that I should become a technical director of the Clifton Consolidated Copper Mines of Arizona—I had to purchase 600 shares, and I paid £600 to the Anglo-Continental Agency—having become a Director. I went to America in October or November. 1901. with Heckscher for the purpose of examining and reporting upon the property—I saw the whole of the company's claims—I met Mr. Dunham on the property he was then the resident manager of the mine—at that time the four claims in question in this prosecution were not part of the company's property—I did not attend a board meeting on September 23rd. 1902: I think I received notice of it—I attended a meeting on September 30th—I first went into the Anglo-Continental Agency's office at 47, Old Broad Street, and there saw the two prisoners—the room was next to the office of the Clifton Company in the same building—Pappa said that he and Heckscher had bought four claims in Arizona for 9500 dols., and were disposed to sell them to the company at the same price, but that if the company did not want them he was not anxious to sell them—Pappa pointed out on a plan the four claims—they were practi-cally in the middle of the company's property—the average price that the company paid for the other claims which they had acquired when the company was formed was.37,000 francs, while the new purchase worked out at 11.000 francs, each—I then attended the Clifton Company meeting—there were present Mr. Mace, the chairman; Mr. Pappa, and Mr. Larchin. the secretarv—Heckscher came in, although he was not a. director—when the directors wanted information they sent for him—he held a power of attorney to represent the company in the United States—at that meeting the minutes of September 23rd were read and con-firmed—they were translated into French for my benefit—I heard this read from the minute book: "The acquisition of some further claims which has been recommended by Mr. Dunham, was confirmed, and the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190407250041"/>
<p>secretary was instructed to call a meeting for Tuesday, 30th met., at two o'clock, at which Mr. Fontaine was to be asked specially to attend to advise the Board in the matter of the acquisition of these claims"—at the meeting on the 30th. a plan was produced indicating the position of the four claims, I was asked for my opinion, and I supported the resolution for the purchase—this is the plan—the claims are coloured dark blue on it—this resolution was then carried: "The acquisition of four claims called 'Raven,"Eagle." Mount Vernon No. 3.' and 'Sparrow' was discussed, and it was resolved that the same should be purchased; it the price of 9,500 dols in cash, and cheque for the equivalent was parsed for payment as soon as funds in hand of the company will permit"—at that meeting Pappa said, Heckscher being present, that they had purchased these four claims for 9,500 dols., and that they were prepared to sell them to the company at the same price, but that if the company were not desirous of having them they were not anxious to sell them—I believed the statements made by the prisoners—I had had no notice or information that those claims had been located by Mr. Dunham on behalf of the company before the meeting of September 30th, nor had I seen any accounts showing work done on these claims—I received technical reports every month, but nothing to show that Mr. Dunham had located these claims—I first heard that these four claims had in fact been located by Mr. Dunham on behalf of the company in April this year.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Heckscher had no salary from the company—he gave advice to the company when the directors asked for it—he came in and out at every meeting—before the meeting of September 30th I knew from Pappa that there was a question of acquiring fresh claims, but I knew nothing else—when I first gave evidence I had forgotten this—about that time I saw Pappa in Paris, but he did not tell me about the four claims—I am quite sure I did not refer him to Mr. Fribourg—if I had approved of the purchase when in Paris, Pappa would have said, "Mr. Fontaine has approved of the purchase"—Pappa's statement is false if he says so—I voted at the meeting for the purchase of the four claims because I thought they would be advantageous to the company, and because they were recommended by Mr. Dunham—it was stated at the meeting that there was not enough money in the bank to pay for the claims—it was not stated then that the prisoners, owed £2.000 upon certain deben-ture—I do not recollect that Pappa explained to me prior to or at the meeting of September 30th that the £1,958 which they were to obtain. for these claims, was only to be used in paying up calls on debentures that were due—the prisoners told me they had bought the claims, and I had confidence in them—I did not know their financial position—I afterwards knew they were pressed for money when they did not fulfill their engagements—during October, 1902, they asked whether they could obtain at Douai, where I resided, money on debentures—there was some correspondence about it—I was not surprised that the prisoners should offer to sell the claims at the same price as they bought them at, as they were interested as shareholders in the company, and had an interest in the concern going well—I thought the claims were worth a good deal</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190407250042"/>
<p>more than 9,000 dols., considering the previous claims had been obtained on an average price of 37,000 francs and this was only 11,000—Pappa did not in Paris before the meeting tell me exactly the whole history of these claims, and that they had been located for Heckscher by Mr. Dunham—it was not clearly stated at the meeting on the 30th that these claims had been located by Mr. Dunham for Messrs. Dunham and Heckscher—when the resolution for the purchase was moved, I asked Pappa that the title to the property should be verified, Pappa spoke to the others in English, and the matter was at an end—I did not insist because I thought it was the same as in France, where a deed of sale has to be executed before a notary, and the notary investigates the title—Pappa explained to me the objects of the meeting and the questions which were discussed—he translated the sense to me after every sentence—I am a director of the Omnium Company, which was formed about July. 1903—it is an English company registered in Guernsey—in 1903 Heckscher was in America endeavouring to amalgamate the Clifton Company and the New England Company.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Before going to the meeting on April 30th, I only knew there was some question as to the acquisition of claims, but I did not know where—when I asked Pappa that the title should be verified, he gave a sign of acquiescence.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-204" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-204" type="surname" value="CRANE"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-204" type="given" value="ROBERT NEWTNX"/>ROBERT NEWTNX CRANE</persName> </hi>. I am a member of the English Bar, and also a member of the Bar of the Supreme Court of the United States—I have had seventeen years' experience of the practice of the law in America, and have had occasions to consider the mining laws of the United States and the State of Arizona—the source of title to mining lands in America is acquired by the discovery of minerals upon a certain area of land, and the taking possession of it—the Federal law of the United States and the law of Arizona both require that when a person has discovered mineral in land which is subject to location or acquisition by the discoverer, he shall mark it out upon his boundary by muniments, and shall fix somewhere on the land a notice signifying that he has located it as his own property, and he has then 90 days in which to perfect his claim, if he desires to do so; at the expiration of that time, if he is so desirous, he must record in the office of the County Recorder a transcript of the notice which he has posted upon the land; after that he must do certain assessment work to the amount of 100 dols. in each year he holds the claim, which is a question of evidence—from the time he takes possession publicly he has a good title against all the world to that property except against the United States, which has a title over him. but holds its claim in abeyance so long as he continues to do the necessary work required by the Statutes in connection with the location, and ultimately the location may be carried out to the extent of obtaining a patent, and then ho has a title even against the United States itself; his title becomes absolute—this document now handed to me is a certified copy of the records in the County Office—an abstract of the records of a county, if they are under the seal of the County Recorder, certified by him to be a faithful and accurate transcript, is accepted as evidence in</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190407250043"/>
<p>Arizona—it certifies that there have been recorded in the office of the County Recorder the location of the four claims, "Raven," "Eagle," Sparrow," and "Mount Vernon No. 3"—it complies with the statutory requirements of the Act of 1895 of Arizona—this further certifies that there has also been recorded on the records of the county, proof of labour upon those four claims, so that it is a perfect title—this certificate further sets forth that the money expended in the assessment work has been provided by certain specific parties, the work on the "Raven" mining claim by the New England and Clifton Copper Company, Arizona, owners the "Eagle," by the Clifton Consolidated Copper Company of Arizona owners; and "Mount Vernon No. 3" by the New England and Clifton Copper Company, owners.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It says here the work has been done during 1903—then; is no reference to the "Sparrow"—there is no reference to work done in 1902—a location is complete without any expense for assessment work, the assessment work is only a condition of continued possession—I have no doubt it would comply with the requirements, if a person could show that he has put in 200 dols. worth of work during the previous two years—whether it is done in the first or second year is not material, provided the whole work has been done recording to the law—the State wants its mines worked—this requirement is in order that people may not specu-latively peg out a lot of territory without capital, and then hold it, as a dog in a manger would, to prevent other people from acquiring it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040725-name-205" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040725-name-205" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-205" type="surname" value="DUNHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19040725-name-205" type="given" value="LOUIS ALEXANDER"/>LOUIS ALEXANDER DUNHAM</persName> </hi>. I have had a great many years' experi-ence in practical mining—in November, 1900, I met Heckscher in New York, and brought to his notice certain mining properties in Arizona, which were subsequently purchased by a syndicate—I was acting as agent for the vendors of the property, which afterwards was sold to the Clifton Consolidated Company—I have been practically manager of the company since it started—I took up my duties, and remained at the mines till October, 1903—for the purpose of registering the title to the property, a local company was formed called the Mexican Arizona Copper Company, because the local laws do not allow an English company to be registered as owner—these claims were registered and held by Heckscher and myself as trustees, he and I being directors of the local company—the claims which were then acquired by the company in 1901 are all set out in the schedule to the agreement under which the property was sold—this plan shows in light green the properties which were acquired by the., company on its formation—in the early part of 1902 my attention was directed to certain vacant ground in the midst of our property which I located for the benefit of the company—you first
<hi rend="italic">peg</hi> it out, and then in ninety days you have
<hi rend="italic">to do</hi> 100 dols. worth of work on each claim—I put up a notice to comply with the law, and reported it at the time—I gave the names to the four claims—before the ninety days expired all the necessary notices were filed by me at the office of the County Recorder of Graham County—in doing the location work we expended the com-pany's money which I was supplied with from time to time—I as manager kept under my supervision books of account there showing the affairs of</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190407250044"/>
<p>the company and the money expended—I examined the accounts before they were sent over here on the 10th of each month we sent copies with voucher: in fact, a balance sheet and bank statement of what was wanted beyond money spent on the work location. Which I entered in the books, I spent nothing at all for the four clams on May 11th, 1902 I sent letter. enclosing monthly account (or April, 1902. with a copy of my journal in that journal there are entries relating to three of the claims, the "Raven" "Eagle." and "Mount Vernon No.3" it says: "Location on following claims. 'Raven,' 'Eagle.'and 'Mount Vernon No.3 115 dols. "and shows that the money was paid to a man named Awalt. who was a contractor, out of
<hi rend="italic">the</hi> company's money my hands I knew that the prisoners were carrying on the business of the Anglo-Continental Agency I knew that they had become responsible for a number of debentures in the Clifton Company—I received a letter with the Anglo-Continental heading. which contained this: "New Locations. I shall be glad to receive a copy of these locations, so that we can, add them upon our own map"—I later sent to Heckscher a tracing of the four new locations. I never made any recommendation to the company to acquire them. because they already belonged to them through my location—it is nor true that they were ever sold at any time to the prisoners for 9500 dols. they never at any time belonged to them—they had never paid a farthing for them—all the money for assessment and location work was spent by the company—I never heard that the company was proposing to buy these claims, which were already their own property. for 9500 dols.—I never hoard till March tin's year that the company had agreed to buy these claims—there was not the slightest reason' why the Clifton Company should in September. 1902, have paid a farthing to the prisoners, for these claims—nobody ever offered me any portion of the money I did from time to time while out there, acquire or negotiate for options on certain other property which was contiguous to the company's property, and informed Heckscher of it—that has nothing whatever to do with these four claims.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I made arrangements with Heckscher that we should take up some options for our joint account—I think I located some claim besides the four in question on behalf of the company—I located none lor the joint account on the prisoners and myself. but! Suggested to Heckscher that he should become my partner in the Balbeck claims that my friends had located, if he would reimburse me the money that 1 had paid out, and that we should sell the claims to the company. But he never did I had a general talk with him about getting options on claim I am prepared to swear that I did not discuss the location of these particular claims with him on his and my account—I had interviews with him. and later on I located these claims for the company—I had a conversion with him in the spring of 1903 at the Sheldon House Hotel. Elpaso, Texas, but it is absolutely false to say that I asked him in the presence to Mrs. Heckscher what he had done with the claims, and that he told me then that he had sold them to the company—nothing was ever mentioned about selling these claims to the company—there was no</p>
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<p>occasion to discuss it because the sale to the company could not have been—I
<hi rend="italic">never</hi> asked for my share—it is false to say that ho told me on that occasion that ho had sold them, but had got nothing in cash for them, only debentures—it is false to say that ho told mo as soon us ho got some-thing out of the amalgamation he would pay me an equivalent for the third I should have had.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined. I</hi> never had any conversation with Heckscher in
<hi rend="italic">the</hi> presence of his wife about any division or share of profit at the hotel—there was a conversation about some share of
<hi rend="italic">a discount which</hi> Heckscher had obtained that was due to mo. which was on a specific deal—I said before
<hi rend="italic">the</hi> Magistrate