<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<xptr type="transcription" doc="19040111"/>
<div1 type="frontMatter" id="f19040111">
<interp inst="f19040111" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040111"/>
<interp inst="f19040111" type="date" value="19040111"/>
<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>Short-hand Writers to the Court,</p>
<p>Law Booksellers and Publishers.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190401110002"/>
<p>On the King's Commission of</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>Held on Monday, January 11th, 1901, and following days.</p>
<p>Before the Right Hon.
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-1" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-1" type="surname" value="RITCHIE"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-1" type="given" value="JAMES THOMPSON"/>SIR JAMES THOMPSON RITCHIE</persName> </hi>, Bart.,
<hi rend="largeCaps">LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; the Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-2" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-2" type="surname" value="RIDLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-2" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD RIDLEY</persName> </hi>, Knight, one of the Justices of His Majesty's High Court; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-3" type="surname" value="KNIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-3" type="given" value="HENRY EDMUND"/>HENRY EDMUND KNIGHT</persName> </hi>, Knt.; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-4" type="surname" value="RENALS"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-4" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH RENALS</persName>, BART</hi>.; and Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-5" type="surname" value="NEWTON"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-5" type="given" value="ALFRED JAMES"/>ALFRED JAMES NEWTON</persName> </hi>, Bart., Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-6" type="surname" value="FULTON"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-6" type="given" value="FORREST"/>FORREST FULTON</persName> </hi>, Knight, K.C., Recorder of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-7" type="surname" value="BELL"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-7" type="given" value="JOHN CHARLES"/>JOHN CHARLES BELL</persName> </hi>, Knight;
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-8" type="surname" value="SMALLMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-8" type="given" value="HENRY GEORGE"/>HENRY GEORGE SMALLMAN</persName> </hi>, Esq., and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-9" type="surname" value="SIMMONS"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-9" type="given" value="WILLIAM CHARLES"/>WILLIAM CHARLES SIMMONS</persName> </hi>, Esq., other of the Aldermen of the said City;
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-10" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-10" type="surname" value="BOSANQUET"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-10" type="given" value="FREDERICK ALBERT"/>FREDERICK ALBERT BOSANQUET</persName> </hi>, Esq., K.C., Common Serjeant of the said City; and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-11" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-11" type="surname" value="RENTOUL"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-11" type="given" value="JAMES ALEXANDER"/>JAMES ALEXANDER RENTOUL</persName> </hi>, Esq., K.C., M.P., LL. D., Deputy Judge of the City of London Court, His Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery, holden of the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-12" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-12" type="surname" value="KNILL"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-12" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN KNILL</persName> </hi>, Bart., Alderman.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-13" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-13" type="surname" value="REYNOLDS"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-13" type="given" value="ALFRED JAMES"/>ALFRED JAMES REYNOLDS</persName> </hi>, Knt., J.P.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-14" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-14" type="surname" value="TIMBRELL"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-14" type="given" value="ANDREW WILLIAM"/>ANDREW WILLIAM TIMBRELL</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-15" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-15" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-15" type="surname" value="LANGTON"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-15" type="given" value="JOSEPH DAVID"/>JOSEPH DAVID LANGTON</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Under sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190401110003"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RITCHIE, MAYOR. THIRD SESSION</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that the prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars (**) that they have been more than once in custody</hi>—a
<hi rend="italic">dagger</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after (he name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, January</hi> 11
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1904.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="def1-112-19040111" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-112-19040111" type="surname" value="O'CONNOR"/>
<interp inst="def1-112-19040111" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES O'CONNOR</hi>† (30)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19040111-112-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-112-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-112-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to
<rs id="t19040111-112-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-112-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-112-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>stealing a dispatch box and £5 15s., the property of
<persName id="t19040111-name-17" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-17" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-17" type="surname" value="HEAD"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-17" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040111-112-offence-1 t19040111-name-17"/>James Head</persName>, having been convicted of felony at Clerkenwell on July 19th, 1902.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19040111-112-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-112-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-112-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-112-19040111 t19040111-112-punishment-1"/>Eighteen months' hard labour.</rs> </hi></p> </div1>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040111-2-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-2-19040111 t19040111-2-offence-2 t19040111-2-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-2-19040111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-2-19040111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-2-19040111" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-2-19040111" type="surname" value="MILES"/>
<interp inst="def1-2-19040111" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN MILES</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t19040111-2-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-2-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="damage"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-2-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>, to maliciously damaging a quantity of spirits, the property of
<persName id="t19040111-name-19" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-19" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-19" type="surname" value="PECK"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-19" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040111-2-offence-1 t19040111-name-19"/>William Peck</persName>;</rs>
<rs id="t19040111-2-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-2-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-2-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to burglary in the dwelling house of
<persName id="t19040111-name-20" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-20" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-20" type="surname" value="PECK"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-20" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040111-2-offence-2 t19040111-name-20"/>William Peck</persName> and stealing two bottles of brandy, his property, having been convicted of felony at Clerkenwell on April, 7th 1903.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">Two other convictions were 'proved against him.
<rs id="t19040111-2-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-2-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-2-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-2-19040111 t19040111-2-punishment-2"/>Three months' hard labour.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t19040111-2-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-2-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-2-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<persName id="def1-3-19040111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-3-19040111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-3-19040111" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-3-19040111" type="surname" value="LARKIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-3-19040111" type="given" value="HENRY CHARLES JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY CHARLES JAMES LARKIN</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t19040111-3-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-3-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-3-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, to stealing, whilst employed under the Post Office, three post letters containing orders for the pay
<lb/>ment of 0s. and 10s., the property of the
<persName id="t19040111-name-22" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-22" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040111-3-offence-1 t19040111-name-22"/>Postmaster General</persName>.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19040111-3-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-3-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-3-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-3-19040111 t19040111-3-punishment-3"/>Nine months' without hard labour, in order that he should not lose his—pension.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t19040111-3-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-3-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-3-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040111-4-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-4-19040111 t19040111-4-offence-2 t19040111-4-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040111-4-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-4-19040111 t19040111-4-offence-3 t19040111-4-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040111-4-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-4-19040111 t19040111-4-offence-4 t19040111-4-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-4-19040111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-4-19040111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19040111" type="surname" value="RICHMOND"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19040111" type="given" value="CHARLES MARCHMONT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES MARCHMONT RICHMOND</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t19040111-4-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-4-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-4-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, to stealing £8 4s., the property of
<persName id="t19040111-name-24" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-24" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-24" type="surname" value="HICKS"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-24" type="given" value="JAMES JOSEPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040111-4-offence-1 t19040111-name-24"/>James Joseph Hicks</persName>, his master;</rs>
<rs id="t19040111-4-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-4-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-4-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to unlawfully and willfully falsifying a ledger and a day book belonging to
<persName id="t19040111-name-25" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-25" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-25" type="surname" value="HICKS"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-25" type="given" value="JAMES JOSEPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040111-4-offence-2 t19040111-name-25"/>James Joseph Hicks</persName>;</rs>
<rs id="t19040111-4-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-4-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-4-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to embezzling £1 1s. 6d., £312s. 8d., 12s. 6d., 7s., 19s. 2d.,8s., 15s., 15s., £2 18s., 10s. 6d., 15s., £3 3s., £2 0s. Gd., £3 11s., £2 4s., 19s. 6d., £4 9s. 6d., £1 14s. 3d., £1 16s., £4 9s., £2 14s. received by him on account of
<persName id="t19040111-name-26" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-26" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-26" type="surname" value="HICKS"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-26" type="given" value="JAMES JOSEPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040111-4-offence-3 t19040111-name-26"/>James Joseph Hicks</persName>, his master;</rs>
<rs id="t19040111-4-offence-4" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-4-offence-4" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-4-offence-4" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19040111-name-27" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-27" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-27" type="surname" value="BIRCH"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-27" type="given" value="EMILY GERTRUDE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040111-4-offence-4 t19040111-name-27"/>Emily Gertrude Birch</persName>, his wife being alive.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19040111-4-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-4-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-4-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-4-19040111 t19040111-4-punishment-4"/>Three years' penal servitude for ob
<lb/>taining money by false pretences</rs>, and
<rs id="t19040111-4-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-4-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-4-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-4-19040111 t19040111-4-punishment-5"/>eighteen month' hard labour for the bigamy and falsification of accounts, to run concurrently.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t19040111-4-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-4-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-4-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19040111-5" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040111"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-5" type="date" value="19040111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040111-5-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-5-19040111 t19040111-5-offence-1 t19040111-5-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040111-5-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-5-19040111 t19040111-5-offence-2 t19040111-5-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-5-19040111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-5-19040111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19040111" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19040111" type="surname" value="SHIRLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19040111" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES SHIRLEY</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t19040111-5-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-5-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-5-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, to stealing a towel, the goods of
<persName id="t19040111-name-29" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-29" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-29" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-29" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040111-5-offence-1 t19040111-name-29"/>William King</persName>;</rs>
<rs id="t19040111-5-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-5-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-5-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to stealing twenty-one golf balls, the goods of
<persName id="t19040111-name-30" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-30" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-30" type="surname" value="WINTON"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-30" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040111-5-offence-2 t19040111-name-30"/>William Winton</persName>, having been convicted of felony at the West London Police Court on February 16th, 1893.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19040111-5-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-5-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-5-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-5-19040111 t19040111-5-punishment-6"/>Twelve months' hard labour.</rs></hi>
<rs id="t19040111-5-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-5-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-5-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040111-6">
<interp inst="t19040111-6" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040111"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-6" type="date" value="19040111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040111-6-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-6-19040111 t19040111-6-offence-1 t19040111-6-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-6-19040111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-6-19040111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19040111" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-19040111" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE WILLIAMS</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t19040111-6-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-6-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-6-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/> to robbery on
<persName id="t19040111-name-32" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-32" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-32" type="surname" value="LYNCH"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-32" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040111-6-offence-1 t19040111-name-32"/>Thomas Lynch</persName>, and stealing 10d. his money, having been convicted of felony at this Court on December 10th, 1902.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">Four other convictions were proved against him.
<rs id="t19040111-6-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-6-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-6-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-6-19040111 t19040111-6-punishment-7"/>Three years' penal servitude.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t19040111-6-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-6-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-6-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190401110004"/>
<hi rend="italic">For cases tried in the New Court on Monday see Surrey Cases.</hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, January</hi> 12
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1904.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040111-118">
<interp inst="t19040111-118" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040111"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-118" type="date" value="19040111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040111-118-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-118-19040111 t19040111-118-offence-1 t19040111-118-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-118-19040111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-118-19040111" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-118-19040111" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-118-19040111" type="surname" value="FIRMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-118-19040111" type="given" value="LILIAN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LILIAN FIRMAN</hi> (27)</persName>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19040111-118-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-118-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-118-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to
<rs id="t19040111-118-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-118-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-118-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> feloniously forging and uttering orders for the payment of £4 1s. 3d., £4 0s. 6d., and £5, with intent to defraud, having been convicted of obtaining money by false pretences at Marylebone Police Court on March 21st, 1902. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19040111-118-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-118-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-118-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-118-19040111 t19040111-118-punishment-8"/>Eighteen months' hard labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040111-119">
<interp inst="t19040111-119" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040111"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-119" type="date" value="19040111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040111-119-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-119-19040111 t19040111-119-offence-1 t19040111-119-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-119-19040111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-119-19040111" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-119-19040111" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-119-19040111" type="surname" value="BARRETT"/>
<interp inst="def1-119-19040111" type="given" value="BESSIE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BESSIE BARRETT</hi> (32)</persName>
<rs id="t19040111-119-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-119-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-119-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Forging a receipt for £2 with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BIRON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-35" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-35" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-35" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-35" type="given" value="FRANCES"/>FRANCES HALL</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of James Hall, who drives the engine of a roundabout—we live at 11, London Road, and we have a rifle range there—I am a depositor in the Post Office Savings Bank—this (
<hi rend="italic">Produced.</hi>) is my bank book—I knew the prisoner when we were girls, but I had not seen her for about fifteen years until she came to me in London about Easter—I saw her from time to time until July when I went to Sheerness with my husband and the steam roundabout—I arranged with the prisoner that she should look after our business in London while we were away—she was to keep the business open and pay expenses and to keep the balance—we left on July 11th. and went to four different places—we left the prisoner plenty of stock, so she had nothing to buy—the rent was 22s. a weck for the shop and 6s. a week for her room for seven weeks; after which she was to move to a room over the shop in London Road, where she had to pay 1s. 6d. more—I think she moved in September—the most she ever had to pay was 29s. 6d. a week—I corresponded with her every week, and told her that if she wanted any money she was to let me know—she replied to my letters, but never suggested that she wanted any money—she said business was very bad, and I wrote and said that she was not to want for anything, and she never said that she wanted anything until the last week before I returned home in November—I had been home twice in the meantime—the prisoner was there when I returned—when I went home in the last week in October I asked her for my bank book—to the best of my knowledge I had left it in my dressing table drawer, which was not locked—I left everything unlocked because I trusted her—I had not wanted the book before that—the prisoner knew where it was because she had the use of the drawer—I had given her no authority to draw on my banking account, or to sign my name or to get any money from the account—when I asked her for the book she hummed and hawed about it, and said, "You don't want that, do you?"—I said "Yes," and she went and got it—then she said, "Do you know what I have done? I have drawn £2 from it to pay the rent"—I said</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190401110005"/>
<p>she had no right to do it, as she knew where we were and should have written for the money—she said that Mrs. Aaron, the landlady, had pressed her for the rent, and that is why she had done it—I said that Mrs. Aaron ought not to have pressed her, as if the rent was not paid she was to let us know—the date of the withdrawal was September 17th, by telegraph—I looked at the book, and asked her how she came to do it; she said, "I did it"—I did not take any steps against her then, as I was in a hurry to leave—I had then no opportunity of examining the stock which I had left on the premises, I was only in London for a few hours—the prisoner was going to give up the management when I returned on November 7th—I found then that there was no ammunition left.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the direction of the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RECORDER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Jury here returned a verdict of</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19040111-119-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-119-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-119-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="directed"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040111-120">
<interp inst="t19040111-120" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040111"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-120" type="date" value="19040111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040111-120-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-120-19040111 t19040111-120-offence-1 t19040111-120-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-120-19040111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-120-19040111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-120-19040111" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-120-19040111" type="surname" value="HESLOP"/>
<interp inst="def1-120-19040111" type="given" value="JAMES ERNEST"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES ERNEST HESLOP</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t19040111-120-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-120-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-120-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, Stealing, whilst employed under the Post Office, a letter containing an order for the payment of £30 5s. 9d., the property of
<persName id="t19040111-name-37" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-37" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040111-120-offence-1 t19040111-name-37"/>His Majesty's Postmaster General.</persName> </rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BIRON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-38" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-38" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-38" type="surname" value="LESLIE"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-38" type="given" value="ANDREW SIBBALD"/>ANDREW SIBBALD LESLIE</persName> </hi>, I am cashier to Messrs. Muir & Son, Limited, of Carlton Hill Brewery, Edinburgh—on December 2nd I put a cheque for £30 5s. 9d. and an account into an envelope addressed to Messrs. A. Boake Roberts and Company, Stratford, London, with whom we had dealings—I put the letter in a box to be posted—I open letters coming to the firm—on December 5th I received this letter, purporting to come from Boake Roberts and Company, who are chemical manufacturers—(
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>) "Gentlemen,—Herein please find cheque, which you kindly sent us. yesterday, we should, however, be greatly obliged to you if you will please cancel the enclosed cheque and in lieu of it draw an open cheque on your bankers, London agents or' others, to the order of Mr. George Scott, whose private address we enclose, as we wish to forward the cheque to him direct so as to avoid delay in his receiving it. Your kind attention to the carrying out of this matter at once will extremely oblige us on this occasion. We have advised Mr. Scott on the subject, and enclose for your use a fully directed envelope. Thanking you in anticipation, we beg to remain yours truly, Messrs. A. Boake Roberts, Limited. P.S. Your receipted statement will duly reach you"—this (
<hi rend="italic">Produced.</hi>) is the envelope which was enclosed, "Mr. George Scott, Gladstone Road, Strat
<lb/>ford, London"—we wired to Boake Roberts on the following Monday, who communicated with the Post Office—we did not act on the suggestion contained in the letter.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-39" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-39" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-39" type="surname" value="MICHIE"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-39" type="given" value="HUGH"/>HUGH MICHIE</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk to Messrs. Muir & Sons—on December 2nd I posted a letter to A. Boake Roberts and Co., Stratford, London, E., at 1.45 p.m.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-40" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-40" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-40" type="surname" value="FORD"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-40" type="given" value="CHARLES CURTIS"/>CHARLES CURTIS FORD</persName> </hi>. I am secretary to Boake Roberts & Co., chemical manufacturers, Stratford—I opened the letters received on December 3rd—we received no letter on that day from Messrs. Muir, enclosing a cheque for £30 5s. 9d.—this letter to them is not written by</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190401110006"/>
<p>me or my firm, or with our authority—we had a telegram from Messrs. Muir and communicated with the Post Office.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-41" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-41" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-41" type="surname" value="SAGGERS"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-41" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES SAGGERS</persName> </hi>. I am an overseer at the Stratford Post Office, where the prisoner is employed as an auxiliary postman—he was on duty at that office on December 3rd, from 6.20 to 7.20 or 7.23 a.m.—the night mails from Edinburgh would arrive there at that time—Gladstone Road is an address on the prisoner's beat.—I know his writing—I should say these two documents are in his writing, to the best of my belief.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-42" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-42" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-42" type="surname" value="WATTS"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-42" type="given" value="ARTHUR JONAS"/>ARTHUR JONAS WATTS</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the Secretary's Office, at the General Post Office—some time before December 8th information was brought to me respecting a cheque which had gone wrong in the post—in consequence of certain information I spoke to the prisoner about it at the Stratford Sorting Office—I cautioned him and then said, "I am making inquiries respecting a letter containing a cheque for £30 5s. 9d., sent to Messrs. A. Boake Roberts & Co., Stratford, on December 2nd, by Messrs. J. Muir & Sons; the cheque was returned to the senders, re
<lb/>questing that an open cheque might be sent to Mr. G. Scott in lieu thereof: do you know anything about it?"—he replied, "I know nothing about it"—I showed him a letter purporting to come from Boake Roberts & Co., and the cheque and envelope in which it had been sent, and said, "Have you seen any of these documents before?"—he said, "I have not"—I asked him if he had any objection to his rooms being searched, and he said, "No"—I gave instructions for them to be searched, which was done by Vaughan, who brought to me the statement of account, and a draft of the letter which had been sent—I showed them to the prisoner, and said, "Do you wish to say anything to me about them?"—he said, "Nobody but myself knows anything about the matter; I did not intend to defraud: I wanted to pay the money back; I wanted to borrow some money, and I resolved to pay the money back at the first opportunity; it is evident that I must have got them from the Post Office, and they passed through my hands in the ordinary course; I certainly did not in
<lb/>tend to keep the whole of the money, and I intended to pay it back at the first opportunity; the letter was addressed to Messrs. A. Boake Roberts & Co., Stratford"—afterwards he said, "I took the cheques, as I wanted to buy the 'Encyclopaedia Britannica': I did not want to buy it outright, but I wanted some money to make a few payments."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-43" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-43" type="surname" value="VAUGHAN"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-43" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN VAUGHAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Post Office Constable.</hi>) On December 8th I searched the prisoner's rooms—he lives with, his mother at 2, Malvern Road, Bow—in his bedroom I found two papers, one apparently a proof of a letter and the other an account (
<hi rend="italic">Produced.</hi>)—when I arrested the prisoner he said, "I took them while they passed through my hands in the Post Office."</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner. in a written defence, and in his defence on oath, said that he had intended to borrow some money, but would Have repaid it: that if the cheque had been sent by Boake Roberts, it would not have reached him (the. prisoner) or anyone known to him; that the letters found on him he intended to re-post; that Boake Roberts had not been defrauded of anything, as they still retained the cheque; that if he had got the open cheque from them, he would not have cashed it, and did not know why he had written the letter, and</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190401110007"/>
<hi rend="italic">that he had no dishonest intent.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19040111-120-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-120-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-120-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">He received a good character.
<rs id="t19040111-120-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-120-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-120-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-120-19040111 t19040111-120-punishment-9"/>Nine months' hard labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040111-121">
<interp inst="t19040111-121" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040111"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-121" type="date" value="19040111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040111-121-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-121-19040111 t19040111-121-offence-1 t19040111-121-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040111-121-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-121-19040111 t19040111-121-offence-1 t19040111-121-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-121-19040111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-121-19040111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-121-19040111" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-121-19040111" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="def1-121-19040111" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRY ROBERTS</hi> (18)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-121-19040111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-121-19040111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-121-19040111" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def2-121-19040111" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="def2-121-19040111" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE HARRIS</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t19040111-121-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-121-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-121-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Feloniously obtaining from
<persName id="t19040111-name-46" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-46" type="surname" value="WEEDON"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-46" type="given" value="WILLIAM THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040111-121-offence-1 t19040111-name-46"/>William Thomas Weedon</persName> a concertina, by virtue of a forged order for the payment of money,</rs> to which</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERTS</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19040111-121-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-121-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-121-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BIRON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-47" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-47" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-47" type="surname" value="WASTIE"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-47" type="given" value="SARAH"/>SARAH WASTIE</persName> </hi>. I am an assistant to the post mistress at Kennington Cross—this post office money order for 1s. 6d. was issued by me on Novem
<lb/>ber 19th—it is payable at Richmond, Surrey, and an advice note was sent on there—it was made cut, as the original order was, for 1s. 6d.—I cannot identify the person to whom it was issued.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Harris.</hi> All I can recollect is giving it to a boy.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-48" type="surname" value="WEEDON"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-48" type="given" value="WILLIAM THOMAS"/>WILLIAM THOMAS WEEDON</persName> </hi>. I live at 5, Park View, Ipswich, and am an evangelist—in November I advertised a concertina for sale in the
<hi rend="italic">Exchange and Mart</hi>—on November 20th I received this letter, dated from Kennington Cross: "Dear Sir, or Madam,—Enclosed please find money order for £3 15s. for concertina; please send same by return of post, or return money order"—£3 15s. is the price I asked—this is the money order I received—I sent off the concertina and also this book of instructions—that was before I changed the order, which is payable at the General Post Office, which I understood to mean in London.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have no knowledge of you.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I had had the concertina about eighteen months—I did not buy it as new; it cost me a good deal more than £3 15s.—this is it (
<hi rend="italic">Produced.</hi>)—the order was presented at the post office at Ipswich—it was not paid.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-49" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-49" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE SMITH</persName> </hi>. I keep a newspaper shop at 14, Windmill Row, Kennington—I remember Roberts coming, and in consequence of what he said I arranged to. take in parcels in the name of "White"—towards the end of November I took in the only parcel which arrived in that name—it was something like this concertina—Roberts fetched it—I knew him as White.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I do not identify you at all.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-50" type="surname" value="COLE"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-50" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES COLE</persName> </hi>. I am a pawnbroker's assistant, at 26, St. George's Road, Southwark—on November 21st a concertina was pawned with us by Harris in the name of Fred Wright—I did not know him before—this' is the ticket for 10s. 6d., which is about its value.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was not shown a number of men on December 10th at the police court, and asked to pick one out.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-51" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-51" type="surname" value="BROOKS"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-51" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK BROOKS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Post Office Detective.</hi>) I arrested Roberts, and afterwards saw Harris at Hammersmith Police Court, and I was present when he was put up for identification among other men—we were testing Mrs. Smith, the wife of the man who keeps the paper shop—Cole was not present then—as far as I know he was never shown the prisoner among a number of other men—I received from Aldridge four bottles of liquid</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190401110008"/>
<p>called the Eradicator—I made experiments with it—I applied the contents of bottle "A" to some writing, and after a moment or so I applied the contents of bottle "B"—I rubbed it over the writing with a glass rod. according to the directions, and the writing disappeared in less than a minute, and there is no trace of it—to make it more complete you can wash it afterwards and make it quite clean—the unfortunate part of it is that you can buy the stuff at shops—the bottles were found in Harris's locker at the lodging house—I was with Aldridge when they were found.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I swear Cole was not present when you were put up for identification—Mrs. Smith identified Roberts, not you—you were picked out in some cases.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. The book of instructions was found in the parcel which had contained the concertina.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-52" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-52" type="surname" value="ALDRIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-52" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT ALDRIDGE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective T.</hi>) In consequence of information I saw Harris at Rowton lodging house at Hammersmith about 12.30 a.m. on Dec. 4th.—I said, "What is your name?"—he said, "My name is George Harris"—I said, "You answer the description of a man wanted with Harry Roberts for forging money orders"—he said, "I do not know Roberts," but afterwards he said, "I have had breakfast with him"—I told him I was a police officer, and should take him to the police station—he said he had a weekly ticket at the lodging house—I asked him if he had a locker, and he said he had not—as he was leaving the house he threw a key away—I took him to the station, and afterwards returned to the lodging house with Brooks—we opened the locker with this key (
<hi rend="italic">Produced.</hi>)—we found four bottles of "Eradicator" and the book of instructions for the con
<lb/>certina—the key is No. 764—I was present when Harris was put up for identification—on none of those occasions was Cole present—he after
<lb/>wards picked him out at the police court.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not see you drop the key—the head porter saw it, and sent it to me at the station.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> After I had described Roberts to Harris he said they had had breakfast together—I have not seen them having breakfast together—he suggested that they had had breakfast together at St. Martin's Coffee House, Fulham Palace Road.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the prisoner.</hi> I found a watch and chain and other things on you—I asked you where you got them—you said you bought anything you could cheap and then sold them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-53" type="surname" value="TARR"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-53" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>HERBERT TARR</persName> </hi>. I am head porter at Rowton House, Hammersmith—on December 4th I believe the prisoner had been living there for about a fortnight—he had a locker, and this is the key which refers to it—I remember him being removed by Aldridge on December 4th, and as they were leaving the lodging house I saw the prisoner throw away or drop a key, No. 764, just by the front door—I picked it up, and afterwards gave it to the police—there is a locker for every lodger who has a weekly ticket—Harris was a quiet and respectable man in the house—the prisoner had a weekly ticket, otherwise he would not have had a locker.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> About 720 men lodge in the house every night.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. This key belongs to Harris's locker; the lodgers pay 6d.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190401110009"/>
<p>each for them, and when they return the key they have od. refunded—I do not know that several lodgers have one locker between them—each locker has a different key—if anybody shares a locker with anybody else they do so at their own risk—I knew Roberts as a lodger; he was there at that time as a weekly lodger; he had been in the house for about three weeks—I have seen them together—we close the house at 12.30 a.m., but if a man is working late he can come in if he has a ticket—there are two night porters.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Harris, in his defence, said that he got into conversation with Roberts, who then shared his (Harris's) locker, and put some things in it, amongst them being the chemicals and the book.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Harris called</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-54" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-54" type="given" value="HARRY"/>HARRY ROBERTS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner</hi>). I am a kitchen porter out of employ
<lb/>ment—you only knew me casually—we met in the reading room at the Rowton House—we had breakfast together on several occasions—I had not got a locker, so put some things in yours, amongst them being the chemicals and the concertina.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I had the chemicals given to me by another gentleman who is not in custody—I first met him accidentally in the Strand—it was he who first put me on to the money order business—Harris does not know anything about these things; he could only read the instructions—I do not know if he did so—I did not try the chemicals—I did not alter the money order; it was the man in the Strand who did it—I do not know his name—I did not tell Harris what the chemicals were for—I have pleaded guilty to buying the money order at Kennington Cross, but I had nothing to do with altering them—the gentleman in the Strand also gave me the book of music.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I last saw the man on the morning that I was arrested—I do not know where he lives, or anything about him—he asked me to mind the bottles for him—I did not know that he altered money orders—I was out of work, and he gave me 6d. to buy the orders—I did not know what he was going to do with them—I refused to get them at first, because I knew you had to fill up forms, and I did not know where he lived—I went to get the concertina—I did not send the order to Mr. Weedon—I did not write this letter—I gave the concertina to the gentleman, and I have not seen him since—he asked me to keep the book of instructions—he opened the parcel, and I saw that there was a concertina inside—I gave it to Harris, and he put it in his locker—I do not know why I should have the book—I took the bottles home and asked Harris to mind them for me—I was to meet the man at Charing Cross Station in the evening of the day I was arrested, to tell him if there was another parcel for him—I was calling for a letter in the name of A. Dent at another shop when I was arrested—I do not know what it contained—I gave the things to Harris because I. had no locker of my own—I bought one afterwards—this is the key, No. 320; it was found on me—I first received the key on the day before I was arrested—I was going to take the chemicals from Harris and put them in my own locker, but I was arrested.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-55" type="surname" value="TARR"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-55" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>HERBERT TARR</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi>) This is one of our keys—I cannot say</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190401110010"/>
<p>when Roberts had it; this book will not show it—I have now examined the book, and can find no issue of this key since October 17th, which indi
<lb/>cates that it must have been issued before that, or that he must have got it
<hi rend="italic">off</hi> some other man.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRIS</hi>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19040111-121-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-121-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-121-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">They then</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to convictions of felony, Roberts as Frederick Smith, at Lambeth Police Court on July</hi> 7
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1903,
<hi rend="italic">and Harris at South London Sessions on March</hi> 10
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1899,
<hi rend="italic">as Frederick Holland. Two other convictions were proved against</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19040111-121-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-121-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-121-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-121-19040111 t19040111-121-punishment-10"/>Three years' penal servitude.</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERTS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19040111-121-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-121-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-121-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-121-19040111 t19040111-121-punishment-11"/>Twelve months' hard labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, January</hi> 12
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1904.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="t19040111-122" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040111"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-122" type="date" value="19040111"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040111-122-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-122-19040111 t19040111-122-offence-2 t19040111-122-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-122-19040111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-122-19040111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-122-19040111" type="age" value="58"/>
<interp inst="def1-122-19040111" type="surname" value="HAMMOND"/>
<interp inst="def1-122-19040111" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE HAMMOND</hi>** (58)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19040111-122-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-122-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-122-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to
<rs id="t19040111-122-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-122-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-122-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>forging and uttering an order for delivery of goods,</rs>
<rs id="t19040111-122-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-122-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-122-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to attempting to obtain a dozen bottles of Lemco and other goods from
<persName id="t19040111-name-57" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-57" type="surname" value="BATES"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-57" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040111-122-offence-2 t19040111-name-57"/>Henry Bates</persName>, and
<persName id="t19040111-name-58" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-58" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040111-122-offence-2 t19040111-name-58"/>Crosse & Blackwell</persName>, and obtaining from
<persName id="t19040111-name-59" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-59" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040111-122-offence-2 t19040111-name-59"/>William Hyam and Lazenby & Sons</persName> four dozens of Bovril and other goods by false pretences, having been convicted of felony at this Court in September, 1899.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">There were six other convictions against him.
<rs id="t19040111-122-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-122-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-122-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-122-19040111 t19040111-122-punishment-12"/>Five years' penal servitude.</rs> </hi></p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040111-12">
<interp inst="t19040111-12" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040111"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-12" type="date" value="19040111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040111-12-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-19040111 t19040111-12-offence-1 t19040111-12-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-12-19040111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-12-19040111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19040111" type="surname" value="STUBBERFIELD"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-19040111" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN STUBBERFIELD</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t19040111-12-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-12-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-12-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, to unlawfully converting to his own use £127 18s. 5 1/2 d. received by him on account of members of the
<persName id="t19040111-name-61" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-61" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040111-12-offence-1 t19040111-name-61"/>Shaftesbury Mutual Loan Investment Club</persName>.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19040111-12-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-12-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-12-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-19040111 t19040111-12-punishment-13"/>Four months' imprisonment in the second division.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t19040111-12-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-12-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-12-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040111-13">
<interp inst="t19040111-13" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040111"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-13" type="date" value="19040111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040111-13-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-19040111 t19040111-13-offence-1 t19040111-13-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-13-19040111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-13-19040111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19040111" type="age" value="54"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19040111" type="surname" value="PRICE"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-19040111" type="given" value="FRANK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FRANK PRICE</hi> (54)</persName>
<rs id="t19040111-13-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-13-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-13-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, to an attempt to kill and murder himself. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19040111-13-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-13-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-13-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-19040111 t19040111-13-punishment-14"/>To enter into recognizances.</rs></hi>
<rs id="t19040111-13-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-13-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-13-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040111-14">
<interp inst="t19040111-14" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040111"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-14" type="date" value="19040111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040111-14-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-19040111 t19040111-14-offence-1 t19040111-14-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-14-19040111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-14-19040111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19040111" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19040111" type="surname" value="MISTER"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-19040111" type="given" value="ARTHUR JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR JOHN MISTER</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t19040111-14-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-14-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-14-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, to stealing £165, the money of
<persName id="t19040111-name-64" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-64" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-64" type="surname" value="MACNAGHTEN"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-64" type="given" value="FRANK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040111-14-offence-1 t19040111-name-64"/>Frank Macnaghten</persName>, his employer.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19040111-14-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-14-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-14-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-19040111 t19040111-14-punishment-15"/>Six months' hard labour</rs></hi>
<rs id="t19040111-14-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-14-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-14-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040111-15">
<interp inst="t19040111-15" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040111"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-15" type="date" value="19040111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040111-15-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19040111 t19040111-15-offence-1 t19040111-15-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-15-19040111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-15-19040111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19040111" type="age" value="47"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19040111" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-19040111" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN WILLIAMS</hi> (47)</persName>
<rs id="t19040111-15-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-15-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-15-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, to stealing a box and twelve suspenders belonging to
<persName id="t19040111-name-66" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-66" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-66" type="surname" value="BRADSTREET"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-66" type="given" value="EUGENE JULIAN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040111-15-offence-1 t19040111-name-66"/>Eugene Julian Bradstreet</persName> and others, having been convicted of felony at this Court in November, 1891, in the name of
<persName id="t19040111-name-67" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-67" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-67" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-67" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040111-15-offence-1 t19040111-name-67"/>John Taylor</persName>. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">Eleven other convictions were proved against him.
<rs id="t19040111-15-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-15-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-15-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-19040111 t19040111-15-punishment-16"/>Five years' penal servitude.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t19040111-15-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-15-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-15-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19040111-127" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040111"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-127" type="date" value="19040111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040111-127-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-127-19040111 t19040111-127-offence-1 t19040111-127-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040111-127-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-127-19040111 t19040111-127-offence-1 t19040111-127-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-127-19040111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-127-19040111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-127-19040111" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-127-19040111" type="surname" value="STEVENS"/>
<interp inst="def1-127-19040111" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN STEVENS</hi> (20)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-127-19040111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-127-19040111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-127-19040111" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def2-127-19040111" type="surname" value="PERRY"/>
<interp inst="def2-127-19040111" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM PERRY</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t19040111-127-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-127-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-127-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, Breaking and entering the warehouse of the
<persName id="t19040111-name-70" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-70" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040111-127-offence-1 t19040111-name-70"/>Abyssinian Gold Jewellery Company, Limited</persName>, and stealing 118 rings and other goods, their property.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. J. P. GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-71" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-71" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-71" type="surname" value="NICOLET"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-71" type="given" value="ALICE KINGLOCK"/>ALICE KINGLOCK NICOLET</persName> </hi>. I am housekeeper at the Abyssinian Gold Jewellery Company's premises, 143 and 144, Holborn—I do not live on the premises—my duty is to see the premises, safely locked up at night and to unlock them in the morning—the company occupy the second, third and fourth floors—on Saturday, November 28th. I went over the premises except the loft, and saw that they were safely locked just before 5 p.m.—the following Monday I opened the premises—I went to the second floor and switched up the light—I saw a pane of glass out of the door leading off the landing—the top part had been cut out of the beading—I looked for the glass, and found it standing whole, alongside the wall and the beading and two ladders which are used for the boxes—then I saw marks as if someone had got in—I went down stairs to the painter, whom I had let in to work, and he went for a policeman, who came.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190401110011"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-72" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-72" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-72" type="surname" value="BOWDEN"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-72" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK BOWDEN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Officer.</hi>) On Saturday, December 5th, I was with Detective Sharp, shortly before 11 p.m., in Dean Street, Soho—I noticed the prisoners—Perry was carrying this parcel, neatly tied up in brown paper, with this strap round it—I followed them some distance—Perry gave the parcel to Stevens—I went to them and told them we were police officers, and that we wanted to know what the parcel contained—Stevens said, "I do not know what is in it; it is
<hi rend="italic">bung</hi> to me"—Perry said, "I know nothing about it"—"bung" I take to be slang for "handed over"—I took the parcel; it contained watches—I took Stevens into custody—he said, "It's just my b——luck"—they were taken to the Vine Street Police Station—the parcel was opened in their presence—it contained fifty ladies' dress rings, an imitation diamond gold-bracelet, nine gun metal watches, fifty-nine gold watches, and the other articles mentioned in the list produced—on him were found the brown leather purse, a silver one, a gentleman's gold ring with imitation diamond, eye glasses, a ticket, and the other articles produced—when the parcel was being opened Perry said to Stevens, "This is a fine thing you have done for me"—the prisoners were afterwards handed over to the City Police—at Vine Street Police Station I asked Perry for his address, which he gave as 6, Richmond Buildings, Dean Street, Soho—I went there and saw Perry's mother, who showed me his room—I searched it and found this bunch of twenty-five keys, which would fit almost any door; also two watches of Abyssinian gold—I took them to Vine Street and showed them to Perry, telling him where I had found them—he said he was minding the watches for Stevens, and that he had had the keys a long time.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-73" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-73" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-73" type="surname" value="SHARP"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-73" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT SHARP</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Officer.</hi>) I was with Bowden, and confirm his evidence—on the way to the station I saw Stevens drop a small lady's. gold watch in the street, from his left hand pocket—he had his hand in his pocket—I took Perry to the station—on the way he said, "Well, I do not know what is in it" (
<hi rend="italic">The parcel</hi>); "we Only went and had a drink round the corner, and I hope there is nothing wrong; he gave me the parcel to carry, but I do not know—what was in it," and that he had only met him a time or two previously and had a drink.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-74" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-74" type="surname" value="DREW"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-74" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD DREW</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector C.</hi>) I saw the prisoners at Vine Street on December 5th. shortly after they were brought in—I asked Stevens if he could account for the possession of the parcel—he said they were in a public-house in Dean Street and saw it lying on a seat, and think
<lb/>ing someone had gone out and left it, and had forgotten about it, he asked Perry to carry it for him, but he did not know what it contained, until they were stopped and the parcel examined—Perry said, "All I know about it is he asked me to carry it for him"—they were detained pending inquiries, and information was circulated throughout the police stations—the next morning, Sunday, two watches having been found at Perry's address, I showed them to him, and told him they had been found at his house, and that the result of inquiries was they were believed to be identical with some of the property stolen from a warehouse which had been broken into in the City—he said, "Stevens gave them me on Thursday to mind"—I then confronted him with Stevens and told Stevens the result of the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190401110012"/>
<p>inquiries, and that these two watches had been found at Perry's house, and what Perry had said—Stevens said, "Yes, he was not in the job; I was there, but did not go in the place; someone else was there, and went in and got the stuff; I do not know who was there, but you have got all the stuff that I had out of it"—the prisoners and the property were handed over to the City Police, and the property identified—the premises are just within the City.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-75" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-75" type="surname" value="NEWELL"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-75" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM NEWELL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective.</hi>) In consequence of a telephone message received in Old Jewry I went to these premises on the morning of the robbery—I went to the first floor first—from that floor there is a ladder leading to a trap door in the roof from a box and lumber room—there is a ledge there—the fastening of the door had been forced, apparently with this case opener, which belongs to the firm, and was found on the second floor, some white substance from the wall still adhering to it—the fastening of the trap door had been forced, and was open—I got through the opening on to the roof—between Nos. 143 and 145 is a low parapet wall—the premises are new—Slaters, the contractors, occupy No.145—I got over the wall and examined the top of Slaters' premises—about half a dozen glass panels in the upright part of the roof had been removed, leaving space for a man to get through into Slater's premises—a glass panel about a yard square had been forced from the door leading from the landing on the second floor, apparently by this screw driver, as there were marks on the wood work where the painters had been employed—I went to Vine Street on the Sunday morning and told the prisoners they would be taken to the City and charged—Perry said, "You cannot bring that charge against me for just meeting a man in Dean Street and speaking to him"—Stevens said, "You have got all the stuff I had out of it"—on the way to the City Stevens said, "I was there, but I did not go inside"—I had said that a short man was there—he said, "You are quite right about a short man being there, but that it was not him," pointing to Perry.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Stevens.</hi> Your words were not, "That is all I have seen of it"—I wrote down at the time what you said.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-76" type="surname" value="PYKE"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-76" type="given" value="STANLEY DAVID"/>STANLEY DAVID PYKE</persName> </hi>. I am assistant manager of the Abyssinian Gold Jewellery Company, Limited, at their head office, 143 and 144, Holborn, and which abuts upon Brook Street—they have a number of other shops—on Saturday, November 28th, we had three cases packed with Abyssinian and real jewellery, ready to be sent to Bristol on the Monday—the cases were roped and sealed, and would have been sent on 28th but for unavoid
<lb/>able delay—the total value was about £400—the list is produced—when I came, about 9.30 on the Monday, the premises had been broken into and the police were in charge—the padlocks had been broken off the cases and the ropes cut, and about £360 worth of the contents gone, estimated at the cost price—goods were strewn about the floor—about £400 worth was stolen—all the articles produced are the company's property—the greater portion was in the cases—this is our watchmaker's eye glass—this is one of our show card tickets—the goods are kept in iron safes and in case—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190401110013"/>
<p>we were getting ready for a new branch—we keep on adding to them—the painters had been on the premises about three weeks—they were at work while the cases were there—they had been in the room where the cases were, to do the windows—they were painting the doors and the skirting on the staircase—the cases could not be seen from the staircase when the door is open, because there is a partition.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-77" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-77" type="surname" value="LEE"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-77" type="given" value="MARTHA LAURA"/>MARTHA LAURA LEE</persName> </hi>. I am manageress to Slaters, which is next door to the Abyssinian Gold Company's premises—this strap is similar to one which was left in the dressing room on the third floor round a straw basket belonging to one of our young ladies—I missed it on the Monday, when I found the premises had been broken into.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Stevens' statement before the Magistrate:</hi> "I deny entering the premises of the Abyssinian Gold Jewellery Company."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19040111-127-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-127-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-127-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">They then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to previous convictions; Stevens** at Clerkenwell in May</hi>, 1901,
<hi rend="italic">in the name of James Davidson; and Perry** at this Court of uttering counterfeit coin in November</hi>, 1897.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">STEVENS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19040111-127-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-127-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-127-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-127-19040111 t19040111-127-punishment-17"/>Eighteen months' hard labour.</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PERRY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19040111-127-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-127-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-127-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-127-19040111 t19040111-127-punishment-18"/>Fifteen months' hard labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040111-128">
<interp inst="t19040111-128" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040111"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-128" type="date" value="19040111"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040111-128-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-128-19040111 t19040111-128-offence-1 t19040111-128-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-128-19040111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-128-19040111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-128-19040111" type="age" value="41"/>
<interp inst="def1-128-19040111" type="surname" value="HEAD"/>
<interp inst="def1-128-19040111" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM HEAD</hi> (41)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-128-19040111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-128-19040111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-128-19040111" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def2-128-19040111" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def2-128-19040111" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM SMITH</hi> (29)</persName>
<rs id="t19040111-128-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-128-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-128-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t19040111-name-80" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-80" type="surname" value="LANGLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-80" type="given" value="JOHN GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040111-128-offence-1 t19040111-name-80"/>John George Langley</persName>, with intent to do him grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ORMSBY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-81" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-81" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-81" type="surname" value="LANGLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-81" type="given" value="JOHN GEORGE"/>JOHN GEORGE LANGLEY</persName> </hi>. I am a sword swallower—on December 19th I was at the Three Magpies, Arlington, about 10.30 p.m.—they close at 11 p.m.—I passed my sword round for inspection, to Head amongst others—he swung, it above his head—I asked him for it—he gave it me back—I put it in its scabbard and began playing a mouth organ—he said, "I would not give it to no other, barring you"—I said, "That's all right,
<hi rend="italic">chummy;</hi> no ill feeling"—I stepped back to play the mouth organ, when he
<hi rend="italic">fetched</hi> me a blow on my mouth, and asked me if I wanted another one—when I went out Head and Smith were waiting—both of them struck me a violent blow in my face, one on each side and one in the back—I tried to hit back, but have only one arm to use—I went down a lane about fifty yards—then it became a fight between two of us—both of them knocked me about—I did the best to defend myself—I felt something in the small of my back—I was forced to take my coat and waistcoat off to defend myself—Dr. Donaldson came to my house—then I went to the Cottage Hospital at Hanwell, and saw Dr. English—I was kept there four days—I feel the effects of a stab now just below my shoulder blade—this is the shirt I was wearing, which shows a cut and the blood from my back—the prisoners struck me first.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Head.</hi> I did not on being turned out of the public house say, "You are a clever sort of
<hi rend="italic">bleeder</hi>, trying to take the rise out of me by using my sword when I did not touch it"—I did not follow you a hundred yards down the road, and cut your finger, nor give you a black eye—there was no quarrel—I was struck the first blow—the bother was caused because I asked for my sword—I did not complain of your</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190401110014"/>
<p>spoiling my trick—I was in the house from 10.20 to 10.55 p.m.—you used the word "damn," and struck me again—I did not steal your basket with 4s.—id. worth of food in it: I never saw it—I did not go up the lane with a party—I was not drunk—no one went with me, only the landlord of the public house.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-82" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-82" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-82" type="surname" value="WARREN"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-82" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD WARREN</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer—I was in the Magpie on December 19th just before 11 p.m.—I saw Head and Langley
<hi rend="italic">rowing</hi> in the tap-room—when they were turned out, about five to 11, they started outside in the road—then they went down a lane—I heard Langley shout, "Come on, come on"—when I got down the lane I saw Head and Langley on the ground—I parted them, and picked Langley up—he said, "I cannot stand"—I took him home—when I had got him indoors I took off his shirt—it was covered in blood—I saw that he was stabbed in the back—I gave information to the police—I did not see Smith take part in the fight—he was outside—I did not see him down the lane.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-83" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-83" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-83" type="surname" value="PAUL"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-83" type="given" value="HARRY"/>HARRY PAUL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Station Sergeant</hi>, 71
<hi rend="italic">T.</hi>) I am stationed at Arlington—on the morning of December 20th I went with "Warren to Heath Row Hill Farm—Smith was pointed out to me first—I told him I should take him into custody for stabbing a man in the roadway—he replied, "I should think so, but they did not half give me something"—I cautioned him that what he said would be used in evidence against him—I felt in his right hand pocket and found this knife—it had blood on it, which I showed to him—he said, "I own I had the knife in my hand at the time, for they were knocking me about"—I handed him over to White and arrested Head—I told him I should arrest him for being concerned with Smith in stabbing a man in the roadway last night—he said, "They did not half give me something, and hurt my finger"—we took the prisoners to Arlington Police Station—when I further examined the knife, Smith said, "I was cutting a piece of tobacco"—I then cautioned them both that what they said would be used in evidence against them—Smith replied, "I know you will bring what I say against me, but I did not mean to do it.'</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-84" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-84" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-84" type="surname" value="ENGLISH"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-84" type="given" value="EVELIN ARTHUR WALLACE"/>EVELIN ARTHUR WALLACE ENGLISH</persName> </hi>. I am a medical practitioner, and on the staff of the Hanwell Cottage Hospital—I saw the prosecutor on the morning of December 20th—he had several bruises on his left side, a punctured wound in his back, level with his left shoulder, an inch wide and two inches deep—that wound might have proved dangerous, but it is not so—this knife might have caused it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-85" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-85" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-85" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER WHITE</persName> </hi> (65
<hi rend="italic">T. R.</hi>) I went with the station inspector to this farm, when Head was handed over to me—Head handed me this knife (
<hi rend="italic">Another</hi>) on the way to the station—he said, "Do you think a knife like this would do it?"—he also said he was knocked about, and had a black eye.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoners' statements before the Magistrate: Head says:</hi> "I am</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">NOT GUILTY</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Smith says:</hi> "I am not guilty of doing it; it was quite an accident."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19040111-128-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-128-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-128-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>,</p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190401110015"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, January</hi> 13
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1904.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Ridley.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="t19040111-129" type="date" value="19040111"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040111-129-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-129-19040111 t19040111-129-offence-2 t19040111-129-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-129-19040111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-129-19040111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-129-19040111" type="age" value="43"/>
<interp inst="def1-129-19040111" type="surname" value="FELDON"/>
<interp inst="def1-129-19040111" type="given" value="WALTER THEODORE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALTER THEODORE FELDON</hi> (43)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi> to
<rs id="t19040111-129-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-129-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-129-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>unlawfully converting to his own use and benefit, and obtaining by false pretences, cheques for £18 5s. 6d., £23 7s., £21, £5 15s., £45 7s., £23 11s. 6d., £58, £10, £116 11s. 11d., £49 10s. 3d., £73 12s., and £83, re
<lb/>ceived on account of the
<persName id="t19040111-name-87" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-87" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040111-129-offence-1 t19040111-name-87"/>Commoners and Citizens of London</persName>, his masters;</rs>
<rs id="t19040111-129-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-129-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-129-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to embezzling and stealing cheques for £18 5s. 6d., £23 7s., £21, £5 15s., £45 7s., £23 11s. 6d., £58, £10, £116 11s. lid., £49 10s. 3d., £73 12s., and £83, received on account of his said masters.</rs> (
<rs id="t19040111-129-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-129-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="miscVerdict"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-129-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="postponed"/>
<hi rend="italic">The facts were not stated, and the case was adjourned till next Session.</hi> </rs>)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040111-130">
<interp inst="t19040111-130" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040111"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-130" type="date" value="19040111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040111-130-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-130-19040111 t19040111-130-offence-1 t19040111-130-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-130-19040111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-130-19040111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-130-19040111" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-130-19040111" type="surname" value="STRACHAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-130-19040111" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM STRACHAN</hi> (37)</persName>
<rs id="t19040111-130-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-130-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-130-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="extortion"/>, Feloniously sending a letter to
<persName id="t19040111-name-89" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-89" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-89" type="surname" value="BODLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-89" type="given" value="GORDON HARGREAVE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040111-130-offence-1 t19040111-name-89"/>Gordon Hargreave Bodley</persName>, demanding money with menaces.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19040111-130-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-130-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="miscVerdict"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-130-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="unfitToPlead"/>On the evidence of Dr. James Scott, the medical officer at Brixton Prison, the Jury found that the prisoner was insane and unfit to plead.</rs>
<rs id="t19040111-130-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-130-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-130-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="insanity"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-130-19040111 t19040111-130-punishment-19"/>To be detained during His Majesty's pleasure.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040111-131">
<interp inst="t19040111-131" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040111"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-131" type="date" value="19040111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040111-131-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-131-19040111 t19040111-131-offence-1 t19040111-131-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-131-19040111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-131-19040111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-131-19040111" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-131-19040111" type="surname" value="DUMPIG"/>
<interp inst="def1-131-19040111" type="given" value="ADOLPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ADOLPH DUMPIG</hi> (29)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t19040111-131-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-131-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-131-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/> for, and charged on the Coroner's inquisition with, the wilful murder of
<persName id="t19040111-name-91" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-91" type="surname" value="DUMPIG"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-91" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040111-131-offence-1 t19040111-name-91"/>Walter Dumpig</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEYCESTER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CURTIS BENNETT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-92" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-92" type="surname" value="WOODS"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-92" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WOODS</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk, of 295, City Road—on October 3rd I let a kitchen and a room to the prisoner and his wife—they are Germans—they had a little boy, named Walter, with them about six months old—one room was on the first floor, and one in the basement—the prisoner is a butcher—he and his wife lived on amicable terms—I have seen him with the child—he seemed to treat it very well—on January 1st, ibout 1 a.m., I heard a noise—I looked out of my room—at the foot of the stairs I saw the prisoner's wife crouching in the corner, outside the door, trying—the prisoner was standing over her—I went down towards them—I did not particularly notice his condition—her clothes were wet—he and his wife spoke together in German, which I could not understand—I think they were only talking, not disputing—he was gesticulating—the woman got up and went into their room on the ground floor; the prisoner Allowed her and struck her—I went into the room after them and got between them—the prisoner struck me with his fist—I did not notice what condition he was in then, except that he was angry—I did not notice of he was drunk—his wife appeared to be sober—I went out and com
<lb/>plained to a policeman—I returned alone, and found that the house was quiet—about 2 a.m. I heard sounds of glass breaking, apparently in he back yard—I went straight for the police—while I was outside the louse, looking for them, I heard some people in the garden crying out—the prisoner's wife ran out of the front door into the garden—I got the police and went back to the house with Constable Lane—I went through the house into the back yard—I saw the prisoner there, sitting on the wall between two yards, apparently in a dazed condition—I did'</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190401110016"/>
<p>not notice if he had a hat on, or how he was dressed—his trousers were torn—the police brought him back into the house—I did not hear him speak—in the kitchen I saw the child's perambulator, and the child's body in it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I had seen the prisoner day by day while he was in my house—he appeared to be a quiet and well-educated man—I have never seen him the worse for drink—he was generally on good terms with his wife—as far as I could see he was a kind husband—he appeared to be very fond of his child.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-93" type="surname" value="LANE"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-93" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER LANE</persName> </hi> (18
<hi rend="italic">G.</hi>) About 1.50 a.m. on January 1st I was on duty in City Road—I was called to No. 295—there was a small crowd outside—I saw Woods there—the prisoner's wife came out of the house, and Woods and I went through the house to the back yard, where I saw the prisoner sitting on the parting wall apparently asleep; he had no hat on, but he had an overcoat; I shook him and said, "What are you doing?"—he made no reply—I assisted him off the wall and took him into the basement of the front kitchen—when I got him oft the wall I noticed that his hands were covered with wet blood, and his trousers were torn in the right leg—in the kitchen I saw the child's body in a perambulator; it was dressed in its night clothes—it appeared to have been put to bed in the perambu
<lb/>lator—it was dead when I first saw it; it had a cut in its throat—the prisoner was drunk; he smelt very strongly of drink, and staggered about as I was taking him to the room from the yard—when I first saw him he was sitting near the dust bin on the wall dividing the garden from the next—I did not see the knife found—I pointed out to the inspector where I had found the prisoner sitting.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I took the prisoner to the station—I should say he was undoubtedly drunk.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-94" type="surname" value="LYNES"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-94" type="given" value="LABAN"/>LABAN LYNES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector G.</hi>) About 2.30 a.m. on January 1st I went to 295, City Road, where I saw the prisoner detained in the front parlour basement—he was very drunk, vomiting, and smelt very strongly of rum—his hands, especially the backs, were covered with blood—I saw the child's body in the perambulator—Dr. Newton was sent for, and he arrived shortly after I got there—the prisoner and his wife were sitting on the bed, and the sergeant was holding the prisoner—a case of clean butcher's knives was lying open in the room, and in the back yard I found this knife (
<hi rend="italic">Produced.</hi>) lying by the dust bin; it was covered with blood on both sides—Lane pointed out to me the place where he had seen the prisoner sitting, which was immediately above the place where I found the knife—the prisoner was taken to the station; an interpreter was called, and he told me what the prisoner's reply was to the charge—the prisoner said to his wife, "Did I do this, or did Anthonie; speak the truth, say what you did to the child; I was out last evening, I never
<hi rend="italic">done</hi> it; should it come that I should murder my child that I love so dearly"—that was said at about 4.45 a.m.—he was brought to the station about 3—during that time he was sitting in a chair asleep—at 4.45 he had very much recovered from the drink, and seemed able to understand what was being said to him—he was slightly under the influence of drink when,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190401110017"/>
<p>he made that statement, but not so much as at 2.30 or 3—at his lodgings I found that water had been spilt about—there were glasses and cups on the table, and an appearance of vomiting, also an ordinary pint and a half bottle of rum containing about half a quartern—the glasses had apparently contained rum.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I also examined the kitchen—I found no blood there—there was very much blood in the perambulator; it had flowed down on to the floor—I heard from the prisoner's wife that the prisoner went out about 10 p.m., and returned at 11.45 with the bottle of rum—she said he appeared to have been drinking during that time.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-95" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-95" type="surname" value="LICHENSTEIN"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-95" type="given" value="AARON"/>AARON LICHENSTEIN</persName> </hi>. I am an interpreter at Worship Street Police Court—on the morning of January 1st I was called to the City Road Police Station, where I saw the prisoner in custody—I told him in German that he was charged with the wilful murder of his child—he said, addressing his wife, "Tony, did you do it or did I do it, speak the truth?"—he seemed very surprised—I cautioned him that anything he might say would be taken down in writing—I accept the translation given by the inspector.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-96" type="surname" value="NEWTON"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-96" type="given" value="WILLIAM THOMAS"/>WILLIAM THOMAS NEWTON</persName> </hi>. I am a medical practitioner, of 36, King's Square, and on January 1st I was acting as divisional surgeon—I was called about 2.30 a.m. to 295, City Road, and in the kitchen I saw the body of a child in a perambulator; it was recently dead—there was an incised wound on the upper lip about 1 1/2 in. long, another in the neck from one ear to the other, dividing the tissues and very deep; another one 1 in. long, about the right ear, and another behind the right ear, all incised—the one in the throat was one which would be almost immediately, fatal—from the
<hi rend="italic">post mortem</hi> examination I found that the body was that of a well-nourished and healthy child—the cause of death was syncope, caused by the wound in the throat—I also saw the prisoner there; he was in a state of extreme intoxication, and smelt strongly of rum—I noticed blood on the back and a little on the palms of both his hands—his wife appeared to be sober—I noticed no sign of blood upon her.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The child appeared to have been well attended in its life time; it was clean and properly looked after.</p>
<rs id="t19040111-131-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-131-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-131-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Very strongly recommended to mercy by the Jury.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19040111-131-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-131-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-131-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-131-19040111 t19040111-131-punishment-20"/>DEATH</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, January</hi> 13
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1904.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040111-132">
<interp inst="t19040111-132" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040111"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-132" type="date" value="19040111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040111-132-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-132-19040111 t19040111-132-offence-1 t19040111-132-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040111-132-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-132-19040111 t19040111-132-offence-1 t19040111-132-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-132-19040111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-132-19040111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-132-19040111" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-132-19040111" type="surname" value="O'CONNELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-132-19040111" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES O'CONNELL</hi> (32)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-132-19040111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-132-19040111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-132-19040111" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def2-132-19040111" type="surname" value="FLANNAGHAN"/>
<interp inst="def2-132-19040111" type="given" value="STEPHEN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">STEPHEN FLANNAGHAN</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t19040111-132-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-132-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-132-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t19040111-name-99" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-99" type="surname" value="CARR"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-99" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040111-132-offence-1 t19040111-name-99"/>John Carr</persName>, and stealing £2 17s., his money.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. THATCHER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-100" type="surname" value="CARR"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-100" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN CARR</persName> </hi>. I am an able seaman—on December 23rd I was paid off the ship
<hi rend="italic">Lake Michigan</hi> at the Milwall Dock, £4 0s. 10d.—I went straight to the Red Cross public house, where I treated the prisoners, Flannaghan saying that he was hard up—I drank with them—when I left Flannaghan struck me in my face; I staggered, and O'Connell struck me on the other</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190401110018"/>
<p>side—I fell, he pulled the handkerchief off my neck, and the other
<hi rend="italic">chap</hi> kicked me on my side—I turned over to save my money, but they turned me hack again—Flannaghan put his hand in my pocket, and my money went all over the ground—I shouted for help two or three times—Flan
<lb/>naghan kicked my elbow and knocked my arm away—I was in the gutter, and saw the police and two witnesses—they asked me what was the matter—I told them I had been kicked and robbed.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by O'Connell.</hi> I was with a shipmate—I was sober—I promised to meet my mate at the corner of Lille Street—I did not
<hi rend="italic">carry on</hi> in the public house, and become quarrelsome—I did not put my money on the counter and say I had lost a sovereign; I paid a sovereign and got 19s. 1d. change—I said at the Police Court that you struck me on my jaw and kicked me and stood on me—I lost £2 17s.—I had 2s. 3d. left—I spent thirteen pence at the public house—my mate and I called for drink—I treated you twice—I had one drink—I did not buy any clothes—I said at the Police Court that my handkerchief was worth 4s. 6d.—it was a muddy evening—the assault occurred between 6 and 7—I saw the prisoners at the police station about twenty minutes afterwards, about 8 o'clock.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-101" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-101" type="surname" value="NEWMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-101" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN NEWMAN</persName> </hi>. I am a fireman—on December 23rd I was walking along Upper East Smithfield about 7 p.m.; I saw Flannaghan running away from Carr, who was on the ground—Carr complained to me of having been knocked down, kicked, and robbed—I reported the case to 474 H., and pointed out a boarding house which I saw the prisoners run into—the policeman brought them out, and I identified them as the two men I had seen running.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by O"Connell</hi> You ran as quick as you could into the boarding house, which was about 5 yards distant—you were the only two I saw running—dirt and mud were on the prosecutor's back and the side of his trousers.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-102" type="surname" value="EARLY"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-102" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE EARLY</persName> </hi>. I am a sailor—on December 23rd I heard a cry for help in Upper East-Smithfield—I hurried up, but the fellows ran into a lodging house—Flannaghan was one—I went and helped to pick Carr up—he complained of having been kicked and robbed—Newman and I fetched a policeman, and Carr and Newman identified the prisoners—I saw them brought out of the lodging house.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by O'Connell.</hi> Carr was sitting on the ground—I did not notice any mud on him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Flannaghan.</hi> I remember your face—you ran about a dozen yards into the boarding house.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-103" type="surname" value="EVERSFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-103" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM EVERSFIELD</persName> </hi> (174
<hi rend="italic">H.</hi>) About 7 p.m. on Wednesday, December 23rd, from what Newman said to me, I went and saw Carr, and then, with another constable and Carr, to the underground kitchen of Eldon Chambers, close by, where about twenty-five men were sitting about on forms—Carr seemed frightened; I said, "Don't be frightened; they won't touch you"—he pointed to O'Connell, who was near the door, and said, "That is one of them"—I saw Flannaghan behind another man hiding his face—I said to Carr, "Look of this one"—Carr said, "That is the one who struck me in the face, kicked me, and knocked me down"—I told the prisoners I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190401110019"/>
<p>should take them to the station—both of them said, "All right, I'll come quiet"—these two caps were handed to me—Flannaghan had not one, but. said neither belonged to him. and on the way to the station he said, "Just because. I had a few drinks he wants to
<hi rend="italic">do me in</hi>, but I know who did it; what if I kicked up rough?"—I said I would put my stick over his head if he did—he said, "The landlady who keeps the Red Cross can get us out of this if she likes"—I showed a cap to O'Connell, but he would not touch it—Carr lost his cap.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by O'Connell.</hi> The prosecutor had been drinking, but he was not drunk—he said you knelt on him—the evening was muddy; his clothes were very muddy, mostly down one side and part of his back—where he told me he was kicked he was covered in mud—he said at the police court that you struck him, and that Flannaghan struck him three times—he said you held him down, but he did not say anything about your having any of the money—I think he had 11s. or 12s., but I did not count it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Flannaghan.</hi> I saw his elbow bruised—he said you kicked him on his elbow—his face was red, and he said you struck him—he complained the next morning that his ribs were hurt.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-104" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-104" type="surname" value="ABRA"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-104" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK ABRA</persName> </hi> (238
<hi rend="italic">H.</hi>) On December 23rd. about 6.13 p.m., I received information in East Smithfield from a woman, that a man had been knocked down near the lodging house—I went down the street and saw Carr—he was then standing—he complained of having been assaulted and robbed by some men who had run into the lodging house—I went into Eldon Chambers with him and Eversfield, where there were about twenty-five men—Carr appeared frightened; Eversfield told him not to be frightened, but to point out the men who robbed him—he pointed out O'Connell, who was sitting on a form on his left in the kitchen; putting his hand on his shoulder, he said, "That is one"—then he had a look round the kitchen: Eversfield drew his attention to Flannaghan, who was crouching behind some other men, pretending to be asleep; I could see his face, but he was resting on his arm on the table—Carr said, "That is the other man; he hit me and then kicked me"—the prisoners were told they would have to come to the station—I took O'Connell, who said, "All right, governor; I will come quiet"—on the way to the station he said, "It. is bleeding well all right: just going for a drink, I have got this lot"—when charged he made no reply—Flannaghan, in answer to the charge, said, "The landlady at the Red Cross can get us out of this lot if she likes."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by O'Connell.</hi> Carr was sober.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoners' statements before the Maqistrale: O'Connell says:</hi> "That man treated me twice in the public house. He left with about five or six men. Five minutes after I left I went towards the lodging house to inquire after a party I wanted to see. I saw the crowd a little higher up I went to sec what was the matter. I saw the prosecutor on the ground. I stopped to have a look, and identified the prosecutor. I thought I had best get out of this in case I got into trouble. I retraced my steps to the lodging house and asked for the party. The man at the door showed me down to the kitchen. A minute or two afterwards down came the con
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190401110020"/>
<p>stables and charged me. I have worked for the London County Council and the National Telephone Company and have never been in trouble in my life."
<hi rend="italic">Flannaghan says:</hi> "After this gentleman left I stopped in the public house. I went and had a sleep, and down came the constable and charged me."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19040111-132-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-132-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-132-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FLANNAGHAN</hi>** then
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of jelony at Barnet on August</hi> 19
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1903.
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19040111-132-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-132-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-132-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-132-19040111 t19040111-132-punishment-21"/>Four years' penal servitude.</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">O'CONNELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19040111-132-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-132-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-132-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-132-19040111 t19040111-132-punishment-22"/>Judgment respited.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040111-133">
<interp inst="t19040111-133" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040111"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-133" type="date" value="19040111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040111-133-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-133-19040111 t19040111-133-offence-1 t19040111-133-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-133-19040111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-133-19040111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-133-19040111" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-133-19040111" type="surname" value="CRAWFORD"/>
<interp inst="def1-133-19040111" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES CRAWFORD</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t19040111-133-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-133-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-133-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>. Stealing a bag. two suits of clothes and other articles, the property of
<persName id="t19040111-name-106" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-106" type="surname" value="BARRETT"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-106" type="given" value="GRAHAM PATRICK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040111-133-offence-1 t19040111-name-106"/>Graham Patrick Barrett</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. J. P. GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-107" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-107" type="surname" value="BARRETT"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-107" type="given" value="GRAHAM PATRICK"/>GRAHAM PATRICK BARRETT</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk—I live at Maclise Road. West Kensington—on December 24th I was at Liverpool Street Railway Station on my way to Frinton, to spend Christmas—I had this bag (
<hi rend="italic">Pro
<lb/>duced</hi>) with a label on it, "G. P. Barrett, Passenger to Frinton-on-sea"—I left it on the platform a minute or two—when I came back for it it was gone—I afterwards saw it in the possession of a porter—it contained the suits of clothes and other articles mentioned in this indictment.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by prisoner.</hi> I was the first witness called at the Mansion House—I went on to Frinton, returned to go before the Lord Mayor on Boxing Day, went to Frinton again and came up on Sunday night.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-108" type="surname" value="CRAWLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-108" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE CRAWLEY</persName> </hi>. I am a porter at the Liverpool Street Station of the Great Eastern Railway—I have seen the prisoner at the station on several occasions—on December 24th he. walked about among the people, going in and out—he went on No. 9 platform about 2.15 p.m.—he followed two gentlemen, who each had a bag—I saw the. prosecutor put his bag down on the platform and leave it about four minutes—the prisoner turned towards it, hesitated a moment, then picked it up and walked away with it—I followed up to the office doorway, met a fellow servant and said, "Look up, George." and the prisoner dropped the bag and went through the main line booking ball under the archway, up the staircase, and was about to enter the suburban booking hall, when I gave him in charge to a con
<lb/>stable—he said he did not know what I meant; he did not know anything about the bag.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I had not the bag on my shoulder when I gave you in charge—I did not handle it—I did not ask a lady if it belonged to her—she did not say "No"—I took it, by the constable's orders, to the police office,—I saw the gentleman put the bag down, and you pick it up—an inspector spoke to the prosecutor outside, while a constable, and you and I were in the office.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-109" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-109" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE JONES</persName> </hi>. I am a porter at Liverpool Street Station—Crawley called my attention to a bag. and I saw what happened—I saw the prisoner drop the bag, then he went right through the main line booking office.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-110" type="surname" value="STEVENS"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-110" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM STEVENS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Constable G.E.R.</hi>) On December 24th the porter Crawley gave the prisoner into my charge at the Liverpool Street Station for stealing this brown leather bag—he said he knew nothing about it—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190401110021"/>
<p>he was taken to the police office and afterwards handed over to a City detective officer.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The porter did not ask a lady if the bag belonged to her—he brought it to the office, where the statements were taken—Crawley was not taken outside with the prosecutor.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-111" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-111" type="surname" value="BEECHRY"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-111" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY BEECHRY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective.</hi>) I received the prisoner in custody from the Croat Eastern Railway officials for stealing a bag—when formally charged he said, "I know nothing about it"—the inspector asked him his name and address—he replied, "I shall tell you nothing; it is your place to find out"—we have not been able to find out—he was brought up on the 26th.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You did not say, "The railway people have given me in charge; any further information you require you must get from them."</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner's statement before the Magistrate:</hi> "I am not guilty. I know nothing of it."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-112" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-112" type="surname" value="BARRETT"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-112" type="given" value="GRAHAM PATRICK"/>GRAHAM PATRICK BARRETT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined by the prisoner.</hi>) The officer asked me. "Will you charge this man?"—then I asked if I could charge him when I did not see him take the bag; he said, "Yes," and I did charge him—I made a mistake in my first statement and corrected it outside the office—I was the only one taken outside.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence on oath, denied all knowledge of the bag, or that he visited railway stations habitually.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19040111-133-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-133-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-133-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19040111-133-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-133-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-133-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-133-19040111 t19040111-133-punishment-23"/>Twelve months' hard labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040111-134">
<interp inst="t19040111-134" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040111"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-134" type="date" value="19040111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040111-134-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-134-19040111 t19040111-134-offence-1 t19040111-134-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-134-19040111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-134-19040111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-134-19040111" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-134-19040111" type="surname" value="COOMBS"/>
<interp inst="def1-134-19040111" type="given" value="VALENTINE LACY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">VALENTINE LACY COOMBS</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">otherwise
<rs id="t19040111-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-134-19040111 t19040111-alias-1"/>L. C. Vincent</rs> </hi> (33)</persName>,
<rs id="t19040111-134-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-134-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-134-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>Un
<lb/>lawfully obtaining credit with
<persName id="t19040111-name-114" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-114" type="surname" value="RUSSELL"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-114" type="given" value="DAVID"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040111-134-offence-1 t19040111-name-114"/>David Russell</persName> and others by false pretences.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEYCESTER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAHAM CAMPBELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-115" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-115" type="surname" value="BRIGHTWELL"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-115" type="given" value="ALBERT EDWARD"/>ALBERT EDWARD BRIGHTWELL</persName> </hi>. I am an estate agent at 54, Salford Road, Streatham Hill. I let 104a, Sternhold Avenue in December, 1902, to Mr. Alfred George Coombs—I have seen the prisoner come out of that house once—Mrs. Coombs is still there.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> If you are Mr. Coombs, the lady is your wife.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-116" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-116" type="surname" value="PHILLIPS"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-116" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY PHILLIPS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective Inspector.</hi>) I knew the prisoner in 1901-2 as Valentine Lacy Coombs—prior to October, 1901, he was an invoice clerk to a firm of East India merchants in the City for ten years—in the summer of 1902 he was living at 5, Cavendish Gardens, Clapham Park—I received a warrant for his arrest, and on December 22nd I went with another officer to Streatham Hill with that warrant—I saw the prisoner outside Streatham Hill Station—I said, "Valentine Lacy Coombs, you know me, I have a warrant for your arrest in the name of L. C. Vincent for fraud"—he made no reply then—I took him to 104, Sternhold Avenue—there I read the warrant to him—it referred to Russell's case—he subse
<lb/>quently said, "I do not quite understand the nature of this charge; I have never received anything from Mr. Russell"—at that address I found sixty-five, envelopes addressed to sixty-five secretaries of public companies in the list produced—one I opened, and read the letter. it</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190401110022"/>
<p>contained—while there this telegram came, which he opened, read, and tore up—I took it from his hand and placed it together—it reads, "Bought 100 Atcheson Common, 11. 69. 16. Please state name of bankers when writing to-night.—Debenture"—I also found this printed list of members of the Stock Exchange and stock brokers—I have seen the prisoner write—these letters are his writing (
<hi rend="italic">These were applications to various secre
<lb/>taries of companies for recommendations to brokers.</hi>)</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> I found the documents on your writing table in the dining room.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-117" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-117" type="surname" value="STRAY"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-117" type="given" value="FRANK ARTHUR"/>FRANK ARTHUR STRAY</persName> </hi>. I am the secretary of the Agricultural Hotel Company, Limited, and the Salisbury Hotel, Salisbury Square—I never saw the prisoner till I saw him at the Police Court—I received this letter, dated November 20th, 1903, purporting to come from L. C. Vincent: "Dear Sir,—Can you recommend a firm of stockbrokers. Thanking you in anticipation of an early and favourable reply"—I replied, If you are wishing to deal in the snares of this company, I would recommend you to communicate with Messrs. David Russell, stock brokers, 37, Wal
<lb/>brook, E.C."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I assumed that your object in writing was that you wished to
<hi rend="italic">bona fide</hi> invest in the shares of our company.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-118" type="surname" value="RUSSELL"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-118" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID RUSSELL</persName> </hi>. I am a member of the Stock Exchange, at 37, Wal
<lb/>brook—on July 30th, 1902, I received this letter, signed "G. R. Edwards. Cavendish Gardens, Clapham Common, 29/7/02. Dear Sir,—Your firm having been recommended to the writer by A. H. Jones (Milner Safe Company, Limited), I have pleasure in requesting you to buy 100 Erie Railroad common shares for cheapest price obtainable. You may also sell 2,500 nominal value Grand Trunk Railway of Canada preference stock for 40 1/2 or better. Thanking you in anticipation"—knowing Mr. Jones of the Milner Safe Company, I replied that it was too late that day, and asked, "Am I to keep on your limits for to-day," or if he would see me to-morrow, Wednesday, or
<hi rend="italic">phone</hi>—he did not come, but I received this letter of 29th by post (
<hi rend="italic">An order to purchase the Erie shares and sell Grand Trunk III. preference stock at</hi> 40 1/2
<hi rend="italic">or better, the first favourable oppor
<lb/>tunity.</hi>)—in consequence of that letter I bought 110 Erie shares at 39—with the stamps and brokerage they came to £860 16s.—I could not get the Grand Trunks at the price he named to sell them—I wrote and told him what I had done, enclosing this contract note—his limit was 14 1/2,—I could only get 14 1/4, and could not sell at that price—on August 6th I wrote that the account day was on the 14th, and asking him to take up the Erie shares, and that to oversell the Trunks at his limit was imprac
<lb/>ticable—I received this letter in August to sell the Erie shares at the best price obtainable, and stating that he would instruct me as to Trunks, saying, "As I am advised that the stock is likely to reach a much higher figure"—in consequence of that letter I sold the "Eries" at 40 1/2 as in this contract note—they realised, after deducting the stamp, £895 1s. 6d., leaving him a profit of £34 6s. 6d. on the deal, a cheque for which I sent him, and received this his receipt in settlement, and this further request to buy another 110 Erie common shares, to sell 2,500 nominal value Grand</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190401110023"/>
<p>Trunk Railway of Canada preference stock, the word "sell" being under
<lb/>lined—on the 10th, I bought 110 Eries at 14 01,18—that came to £903 8s. (6d. for account on August 28th, the same day carrying out his instructions to sell 2,500 Grand Trunk
<hi rend="largeCaps">III</hi>. preference at 42 which realised £1,051 10s. 3d.—I sent him the contract note and notice to deliver—I never received the certificates—about that time I gleaned information, and sent a clerk to make inquiries, as according to Stock Exchange rules and practice, I was personally liable to deliver up the shares on settling day to the jobber, whose name-1 furnished, according to my custom, on the contract note which I sent to the prisoner—in consequence of infor
<lb/>mation on August 10th, I sent this telegram to the prisoner's address, and followed that by this registered letter: "Dear Sir,—I confirm my telegram of to-day, reply paid, and up to the time of writing, 4.45 p.m., have received no answer. I have to-day obtained certain information as to the address you have been using up to the 18th inst. I note that my cheque, £.34 6s. 6d., has been crossed to the credit of your account. I confirm my telegram, of which I enclose copy at foot. I request your attendance here on or before twelve noon to-morrow, Wednesday. This may save you a considerable amount of trouble. I note that since the 9th inst. you have used somewhat different note paper. After noon to
<lb/>morrow having regard to the fact that you are not to be found at your given address, I shall take such steps as I think fit, both as regards closing the stocks you have opened with me—and proceeding as I am advised. I shall do nothing either way till to-morrow, 12 o'clock, as stated, so as to give you an opportunity of fully explaining the situation and the in
<lb/>structions from the outset. "
<hi rend="italic">Telegram:</hi>" Before opening more stock want interview. Wire when you will call.—Russell"—he did not call—" I closed the stock and sent him this notice to that effect—the loss to me was between £2 and £3 after I had sold the "Eries" and bought back the "Trunks"—the next day I received this telegram, that he would call on Saturday and satisfactorily explain the matter—I replied on August 21st, "I shall be glad to meet you here at 11 o'clock Saturday next, 23rd inst."—he did not come—I received this letter," 22/8/02, with the address "Deal," and signed, "E. R. Edwards" (
<hi rend="italic">Complaining that he had been harshly treated.</hi>)—I received this letter of November 24th, 1903, headed 104a, Sternhold Avenue, Streatham Hill, and signed L. C. Vincent: "Dear Sir,—Mr. A. F. Stray has recommended your firm" (
<hi rend="italic">etc., and requesting the sale of ninety Atcheson, Topeka and Santa Fe Rail-road Common shares for the best price obtainable</hi>)—Mr. Stray is the secretary of the company of which I am a director—acting upon that order, on November 25th I sold the shares on Vincent's account for £1,207 1s. 6d.—I received the contract note, and wrote thanking Mr. Stray for the intro
<lb/>duction—Vincent also asked me to deal in the Agricultural Hotel Com
<lb/>pany's shares, and in some liquid stock—the contract note was not sent to Vincent, as my son noticed the similarity in the writing of "Vincent" and "Edwards," and he immediately went and closed the stock, and bought back stock at a loss of £5 12s. 6d.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The Milner Safe Company) of which' the Lord Mayor</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190401110024"/>
<p>is Chairman, was a good introduction—I did not know you were not a holder of stock—there was nothing in your letter to lead me to believe the business you were transacting with me was other than honest—I did not sue you because I did not think you were worth following—if the deal is speculative it is usual to say so—there was nothing to lead me to suppose that it was speculative or that you were other than a veritable holder or real buyer, and able to pay the loss if loss came—I did not embark upon a speculative account—I did not make sufficient inquiry," hence these tears."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-119" type="surname" value="OGLE"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-119" type="given" value="NEWMAN MAYO"/>NEWMAN MAYO OGLE</persName> </hi>. I am a chartered accountant of Worcester House, Walbrook—I received this letter of November 26th, 1903, from Leonard Vincent, "Can you recommend a firm of stockbrokers," etc.—I replied by this letter of November 30th, to the address given, 104a, Stern
<lb/>hold Avenue, Streatham Hill, S.W., that "there are no official brokers" to the "Associated Southern Gold Mines "Company, but that Mr. R. D. Preston, of 70, Cornhill, does what little stock exchange business I have to do"—Mr. Preston is my friend, and I am the Secretary of the Company.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I believed you were a shareholder—I could have referred to the register of shareholders, but I knew a Mr. Vincent was a shareholder, and you wrote to me as the secretary, otherwise you would have no right to write to me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-120" type="surname" value="ABRAHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-120" type="given" value="JOHN HENRY"/>JOHN HENRY ABRAHAM</persName> </hi>. I am an authorised clerk of Richard Dixon Preston, a member of the London Stock Exchange—I produce a letter our firm received dated from 104 Sternhold Avenue, and signed "Leonard Vincent," stating, "Your firm having been recommended to the writer by Mr. Newman M. Ogle, I have much pleasure in requesting you to sell 50 Atcheson, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad common shares for the best price obtainable. Will you also kindly inform me your commission for buying Grand Trunk Railway of Canada
<hi rend="largeCaps">III</hi>. preference stock"—I answered by letter of December 1st, 1903, of which this is a copy (
<hi rend="italic">Staling that the sale had been effected at</hi> 68 1/2,
<hi rend="italic">as per contract enclosed.</hi>)—I had carried through the transaction—the shares were sold for £682 9s. or settlement on December 11th—I received another letter of December 2nd, containing an order to sell an additional 50, which I carried out—I believed that he would deliver the shares—I wrote the letter to him on December 3rd, enclosing a statement showing that the shares realised £689 6s. 6d.—I received this letter of December 9th, ordering me to sell 100 Atchison shares for the new account of December 30th—I carried out that order, and sent him the contract note—I never received the shares for delivery, but I received this telegram of December 10th, 1903, "Should be glad if you could arrange delivery of Atchesons for next account"—I took steps to carry over the delivery of those shares—that could only be done by the payment of £53 4s. 6d.—I wrote the letter of December 10th, asking for that sum—I was not paid—on December 14th I wrote again asking for payment of arrears, and stating, "If I do not receive cheque for the balance due on last account day by return I shall close the account, and shall place the natter in other hands for collection"—my ultimate loss was £34 13s. 6d., he stock having fallen—that was the last I heard of it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I had reason to regard the business as other than</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190401110025"/>
<p>speculative, because you referred to the delivery of stock and re-investment in your first letter, and asked for the date of delivery—I believed you were the holder—having from inquiries acquired some knowledge of your charac
<lb/>ter, I should have closed the stock even if the money had been provided.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-121" type="surname" value="HAGGER"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-121" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE HAGGER</persName> </hi>. I am Secretary of Greenwood & Batley, Limited, 10, Great George Street, Westminster—I produce a letter of August 23rd, 1893, signed J. Renfrew, of 104a, Sternhold Avenue, Streatham Hill, asking me to recommend a firm of stockbrokers—assuming that the writer might be a trustee or intending buyer of shares in my Company, I replied by this letter of August 24th, stating "It is not within the. province of the Company's business to recommend stockbrokers, but should you require information respecting the Company's shares, you could most likely obtain it from our brokers, Messrs. Vivian, Gray & Co., of 10, Throg
<lb/>morton Avenue."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-122" type="surname" value="ELY"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-122" type="given" value="CHARLES JAMES"/>CHARLES JAMES ELY</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk to Messrs. Vivian, Gray & Co., members of the Stock Exchange—I received this letter of August 31st, 1903, purporting to come from James Renfrew, of 104a, Sternhold Avenue, whose name I did not know, stating, "Your firm's name has been sub
<lb/>mitted to the writer by Mr. G. Hagger, Secretary of Greenwood, Batley & Co., Limited, and I have now the pleasure to request you to sell 2,500 nominal value Grand Trunk Railway of Canada III. Preference stock for the best price obtainable. What is your commission for buying home, rails?"—I knew Mr. Hagger was the Secretary of Greenwood & Co., and gave instructions to sell the stock mentioned in that letter, forwarded the contract note and asked for the certificate—in the meantime I communicated with Mr. Hagger—I next received this letter of September" 9th, signed "James Renfrew," "Will you kindly inform me the very latest day allowed for delivery of Grand Trunk stock, as I am given to understand that any time within ten days of the present time will be in order"—I did not reply—I received this telegram of September 25th: "Repurchase Trunks, as recovery likely after severe fall—Ren
<lb/>frew"—I took no notice of that—the result of the transaction was that we repurchased the stock and made a loss of £29 19s. 1d.—I should not have dealt with him had I known the various other names in which he had been dealing in stocks.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I closed the account because I heard from Mr. Hagger that he did not know you personally—we sent you a statement as a matter of form—we adopted the transaction and repurchased on our own account—I am not aware that there would have been a profit if the account had been kept open, but—we did not wish to have anything more to do with you.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-123" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-123" type="surname" value="LEACH"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-123" type="given" value="ARTHUR WILLIAM"/>ARTHUR WILLIAM LEACH</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk to Hutchinson, Symes and Scott, 5, Angel Court, brokers on the London Stock Exchange—our firm received this letter of November 18th, 1902, from 5, Cavendish Gardens, Clapham Common, and signed "V. L. Coombs" (
<hi rend="italic">A request to sell</hi> 2,500
<hi rend="italic">Grand Trunk</hi> 4
<hi rend="italic">per cent. III. preference stock, and to buy</hi> 25
<hi rend="italic">Rio Tinto, Limited</hi>, £5
<hi rend="italic">ordinary shares, at the cheapest price possible.</hi>)—I replied by</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190401110026"/>
<p>this letter of November 16th (
<hi rend="italic">Asking for a reference.</hi>)—that is all I hoard of V. L. Coombs—we also received this letter of July 28th, 1903, from 104a, Sternhold Avenue, and signed "V. C. Lacey," (
<hi rend="italic">A request to buy</hi> 250
<hi rend="italic">Chartered shares at cheapest price obtainable.</hi>)—I noticed that the writing was the same as the previous letter, and did not reply—we did nothing further in the matter.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-124" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-124" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-124" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY WHITE</persName> </hi>. I am a member of the Stock Exchange, in partnership with Mr. Cancellor—I received this letter of September 29th, 1903, purporting to come from Walter Melville (
<hi rend="italic">An order to buy</hi> 100
<hi rend="italic">Norfolk Western Railroad common shares, and to sell</hi> 105
<hi rend="italic">Rio Tinto</hi> £5
<hi rend="italic">shares at</hi> 47 1/2
<hi rend="italic">and stating</hi> "I have selected your name from two firms sub
<lb/>mitted to me as per enclosed letter")—the letter enclosed is signed "R. Phillipson," and dated September 29th, 1903, and states, "I personally know the following firms of stockbrokers, viz., Messrs. Cancellor & White, 2. Copthall Buildings, and Messrs. Berwick, Wark & Co., 11, Copthall Court, with both of whom I have done business"—I wrote this reply of September 30th, 1903 (
<hi rend="italic">Asking for a call and the deposit of shares as security.</hi>)—I heard no more.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-125" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-125" type="surname" value="REYNOLDS"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-125" type="given" value="ALFRED LOUIS"/>ALFRED LOUIS REYNOLDS</persName> </hi>. I am a member of the London Stock Exchange, at 5, Angel Court—I received this letter signed "Ralph Pryor," and dated 104, Sternhold Avenue, October 14th, 1903 (
<hi rend="italic">This was a request to buy</hi> 2,500
<hi rend="italic">Grand Trunk stock.</hi>), to which I replied the same morning, "Your letter of the 14th received this morning we have handed over to the Detective Department of the City Police."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-126" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-126" type="surname" value="SNOWDEN"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-126" type="given" value="ARTHUR JOHN"/>ARTHUR JOHN SNOWDEN</persName> </hi>. I am transfer clerk of the Grand Trunk Railway Company of Canada, at their London office—I have charge of the Register—I find no shareholders named Ralph Pryor, L. C. Vincent, Valen
<lb/>tine Lacey Coombs, or James Renfrew.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> We know nothing of any speculative business in shares in the office.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence, stated that the business must obviously have been speculative, because the securities were not forthcoming, and he was simply speculating for differences; that he had no indication of the losses he had to meet; that stocks were closed which otherwise would have made a profut, and that it was the broker's business to raise the question whether he was engaged in speculative transactions.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19040111-134-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-134-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-134-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">He had been convicted of a similar offence at this Court, and discharged on recognisances to come up for judgment. See Vol. cxxxvii., page</hi> 126,
<hi rend="italic">and Vol. cxxxiv. page</hi> 923.
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19040111-134-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-134-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-134-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-134-19040111 t19040111-134-punishment-24"/>Twelve months' hard labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, January</hi> 10
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1904.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040111-24">
<interp inst="t19040111-24" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040111"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-24" type="date" value="19040111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040111-24-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-24-19040111 t19040111-24-offence-1 t19040111-24-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-24-19040111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-24-19040111" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19040111" type="surname" value="KENNY"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-19040111" type="given" value="MARY JANE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY JANE KENNY</hi> </persName>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19040111-24-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-24-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-24-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to
<rs id="t19040111-24-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-24-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-24-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19040111-name-128" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-128" type="surname" value="FEATHERSTONE"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-128" type="given" value="EDWARD COLSTON"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040111-24-offence-1 t19040111-name-128"/>Edward Colston Featherstone</persName>, her husband being alive. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19040111-24-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-24-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-24-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-24-19040111 t19040111-24-punishment-25"/>Three days' imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040111-136">
<interp inst="t19040111-136" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040111"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-136" type="date" value="19040111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040111-136-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-136-19040111 t19040111-136-offence-1 t19040111-136-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040111-136-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-136-19040111 t19040111-136-offence-1 t19040111-136-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190401110027"/>
<persName id="def1-136-19040111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-136-19040111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-136-19040111" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-136-19040111" type="surname" value="VERNELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-136-19040111" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM VERNELL</hi> (36)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-136-19040111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-136-19040111" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-136-19040111" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def2-136-19040111" type="surname" value="CUNNINGHAM"/>
<interp inst="def2-136-19040111" type="given" value="JOSEPHINE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPHINE CUNNINGHAM</hi> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t19040111-136-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-136-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-136-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing an order for the payment of £3, the property of
<persName id="t19040111-name-131" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-131" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-131" type="surname" value="DALY"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-131" type="given" value="HANNAH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040111-136-offence-1 t19040111-name-131"/>Hannah Daly</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CUNNINGHAM</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19040111-136-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-136-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-136-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BLACK</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-132" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-132" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-132" type="surname" value="DALY"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-132" type="given" value="HANNAH"/>HANNAH DALY</persName> </hi>. In September last I resided at 374, City Road—the prisoners also resided there as Mr. and Mrs. Vernell—on September 21st or 22nd I told Cunningham I expected a letter with some money from a lady at the West End—I think I also mentioned the name, Mrs. Quin—that letter was never delivered to me—Mrs. Quin sent for me about December 1st, and we had a conversation—she afterwards showed me this cheque—it is endorsed "Mrs. Daly," and then "H. Daly"—it is not my writing—it is made payable to me—I never received it—I went to the bank on which it was drawn—they there referred me to Mr. Steer, who had cashed it through his bank—I went to his bank, the London and County, and they made inquiries, and then communicated with the police—I never got my money.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-133" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-133" type="surname" value="STEER"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-133" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN STEER</persName> </hi>. I am a licensed victualler at the Three Johns, White Lion Street, Islington—I know Vernell as a customer—on Septem
<lb/>ber 21st or 22nd, in the evening, he asked me to pass a cheque for him through my bank, which I did—this is it—it was endorsed—I did not ask him how he got it—I cannot swear whether he was alone or not—I subsequently gave him £3 for it—a communication was made to me from the police, and I explained how I got it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-134" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-134" type="surname" value="LANG"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-134" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES LANG</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective G.</hi>) Mrs. Daly handed me this cheque, and I made inquiries, with the result that at 4.30 p.m. on December 31st I went with another officer to 9, Suffolk Street Clerkenwell, where I saw Vernell—he was employed there—I said to him, "We are police officers, and I am making inquiries about a. cheque that you got Mr. Steer, the landlord of the Three Johns, to cash for you about September last; it is a stolen cheque"—I showed it to him and said, "I want to know where you got it"—he replied, "I got it from a young woman at 374, City Road; she asked me to get it cashed for her; she said that she had it ent to her by her brother, who lives at York Road, Manchester"—said, "What is her name and address?"—he replied, "I don't now her name, but she lives at 5, William Street"—he then said, "Her name is Mrs. Harris"—I said, "The cheque is set out in the name Mrs. Daly"—he said, "I did not look at it"—I then took him to, William Street, Islington, where I saw Cunningham—I told her who I was—Vernell was standing by my side—I said I was making inquiries about A cheque that the man had cashed for her—I said, "He says he got it from You, and that you told him you had had it sent to you by your brother, who lives at Manchester"—she replied, "Yes, that's right; it was my brother-in-law that sent it to me"—I cautioned her and said, "It can be proved that the cheque was sent to a Mrs. Daly"—she said nothing then, but Vernell said, "Tell the truth, my dear, and get me out of it"—she then said, "If I say I took it out of a letter at 374, City Road, will that clear him?"—I said, "I cannot make any promises," and took them</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190401110028"/>
<p>both to the City Road Police Station—when the charge was being taken Vernell said to—Mrs. Daly. "Don't charge us, Mrs. Daly; I will pay you the money back"—as I was searching him he asked me to show him the cheque, as he said he did not properly understand the meaning of forging the endorsement—the charge was being concerned in stealing and uttering the cheque, also forging the endorsement—I showed it to him—Cunning
<lb/>ham said, pointing to the endorsement, "I wrote that."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-135" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-135" type="surname" value="DALY"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-135" type="given" value="HANNAH"/>HANNAH DALY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi>) The prisoners had been living as Mr. and—Mrs. Vernell at my house for about two months—they both knew me by name.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-136" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-136" type="surname" value="CUNNINGHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-136" type="given" value="JOSEPHINE"/>JOSEPHINE CUNNINGHAM</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner.</hi>) I saw the letter at.374. City Road, lying on the doormat, and picked it up—I took it up stairs, there being nobody else in the house—I was tempted to open it, and saw a cheque for £3 inside—it was an open one—I put "H. Daly" on the back without imitating any writing—I met Vernell and asked him to get it cashed, telling him it had come from Manchester—he did so, and gave me the money.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Vernell, in his defence, stated that when the cheque was handed to him by Cunningham he had no cause to doubt that she had received it, and that he asked Mr. Steer to pass it through his bank, which he did, and gave him the</hi> £3,
<hi rend="italic">which he handed over to Cunningham.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">VERNELL</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19040111-136-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-136-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-136-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CUNNINGHAM</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19040111-136-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-136-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-136-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-136-19040111 t19040111-136-punishment-26"/>Three months' hard labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, January</hi> 14
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1904.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Ridley.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040111-137">
<interp inst="t19040111-137" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040111"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-137" type="date" value="19040111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040111-137-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-137-19040111 t19040111-137-offence-1 t19040111-137-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-137-19040111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-137-19040111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-137-19040111" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-137-19040111" type="surname" value="STEWART"/>
<interp inst="def1-137-19040111" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH STEWART</hi> (24)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t19040111-137-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-137-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-137-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/> for, and charged on the Coroner's inquisition with, the wilful murder of
<persName id="t19040111-name-138" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-138" type="surname" value="STEWART"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-138" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040111-137-offence-1 t19040111-name-138"/>William Stewart</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MATHEWS, MR. GRAHAM CAMPBELL</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. P. GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted:</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-139" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-139" type="surname" value="STEWART"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-139" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH STEWART</persName> </hi>. I am a widow, and live at 89, Old Church Road, Stepney—the prisoner is my son—he lived almost opposite me—the deceased was also my son, and he and his wife lived with me—he was thirty-three years old—the prisoner has not been on good terms with me for some time—I do not know why he was on bad terms with me—as far as I know, I have done nothing to cause any ill feeling—the prisoner's wife and the deceased's wife were not on good terms; they had quarrels—on December 26th, between (1 and 6.30 p.m., I was having tea in the front room down stairs—my younger son John was there, and also the deceased, a man named Thomas Cain and Mrs. Deesey—the deceased's wife was not there—the deceased had been out in the early part of the day, and had returned, I think, about two o'clock—he was then the worse for drink—he had some dinner, and then lay down in front of the fireplace and went to sleep for about three hours—when he woke up I suppose he must have been getting over the drink—we began tea about 6.20—as we were begin
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190401110029"/>
<p>the prisoner came in and began to abuse me—I said, "I do not want none of your abuse; you had better go out"—I could not follow what his abuse was—I said I did not want any disturbance—he would not go out, and the deceased got up and tried to put him out—Cain got up, and with John got in between the deceased and the prisoner—John got the, prisoner outside, and I then saw the deceased fall on to the sofa—he said something about a pricking in his side—I then left the house and saw no more of him until I saw him at the hospital—in the morning of the 26th I had been in the Green Dragon with a neighbour—I saw the deceased there—he gave me a drink—I did not see the prisoner there at all—I saw a Mrs. Cutbill; she spoke about a quarrel between herself and the prisoner's wife.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prisoner did not go out when I asked him—I saw the deceased go towards him, and immediately afterwards there was a struggle—Cain was mixed up in it, too—I saw no blows struck or any knife—it was after the prisoner had gone that the deceased sank down on the sofa—I did not hear any language by the prisoner towards the deceased—it was me he abused.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-140" type="surname" value="CAIN"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-140" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS CAIN</persName> </hi>. I am a stevedore, of 26, Dalgleish Street, Limehouse—on December 26th I was at 89, Old Church Road, having tea with Mrs. Stewart—the deceased and Mrs. Deesey and John Stewart were also there—shortly after we had begun, the prisoner came to the door and started abusing his mother, who asked him to go, which he refused to do—he used some filthy language—he also mentioned the name of "Emma"—I know now that that is his wife's name—he was swearing, but I do not know what the quarrel was about, if there was one—after the prisoner had been asked to go out, but still kept on abusing his mother, the deceased got up and went towards him—the deceased was sober then as far as I know—I was perfectly sober—when the deceased went towards the prisoner a struggle started, and I stepped in between them—my face was towards the deceased and my back towards the prisoner—I put my arms round the deceased and laid him back on the sofa—just after I had done so he said, "I have got a pain in my side"—at the same time I found that I had got a cut on my arm—I thought someone had bit me—I have the mark now, and this is the cut in my coat—when I put my arms round the deceased I found that he had been wounded in the region of his heart—he had on a shirt, trousers, and boots, but no coat, waistcoat, or cap—I went and fetched the police from Stepney Station.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I cannot say if the prisoner had been drinking—I did not have any conversation with him—I did not smell his breath or see him walk alone—he only came inside the door, and that was the first time I had ever seen him—I did not see any blow struck or any knife—the only words he had were with his mother—before the struggle he said something to the deceased, but when he first came in he only spoke to his mother—the deceased and the prisoner walked towards each other, and as they were getting close to each other I stepped in between them—I did not see either of them put up their hands—I interfered because I thought they were going to fight—I do not know that the deceased went towards the prisoner in a menacing manner, us if he was going to put him</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190401110030"/>
<p>out of the room—I thought they were going to fight, but there was no challenge—I do not know where the deceased's hands were when he went towards the prisoner—I did not see either of his hands pointing towards the prisoner to direct him to go out—I thought they were going to fight, because I thought the deceased was going to take his mother's part—I had my coat off, not my waistcoat—I did not know that the deceased was hurt until he complained of it—there was a struggle when I was between them—the prisoner did not go towards the deceased, but when the deceased reached the prisoner the struggle began—they were standing, up then—the deceased was sitting down at first, but he got up to go towards the prisoner—when I stepped in between them they were actually struggling—I cannot say whether the deceased had hold of the prisoner then or had not, or whether the prisoner had hold of the deceased—the prisoner went out quietly enough with John.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I did not threaten anyone—I simply got between them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. They were struggling to get at each other because I was in between them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-141" type="surname" value="STEWART"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-141" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN STEWART</persName> </hi>. I am a brother of the deceased and the prisoner, and live with my mother—the deceased lived at home also—on Decem
<lb/>ber 26th he came home about 2.45 p.m.—he was
<hi rend="italic">boozed</hi>—he had his dinner, and then slept for three hours—I remember the prisoner coming; he was a bit
<hi rend="italic">boozed</hi>—he asked where his wife was, then he started abusing my mother—I remember what he said, but I do not like swearing—he called my mother a
<hi rend="italic">sod</hi>—the deceased got up—mother told the prisoner to go outside, then the deceased told him to go—he would not go, and the deceased went to put him out—a struggle took place, and Cain got in between them—I went to the street door and took the prisoner out—the deceased had on his waistcoat, but no coat—he had had it off while having tea—when I got the prisoner into the street he said, "I know what I have done; I will give myself up to the police," and he went away towards Commercial Road—I went back to the house and found that my other brother was injured—he was taken to the hospital—when I came back from the hospital I found this knife blade on the street
<lb/>door mat—the prisoner had been on the mat.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not hear the prisoner say that his wife had been knocked down by another woman in the street—he said that they had all been oh to his wife—I had not got my coat off—the deceased had his coat off when he came into the house, and he pulled his waistcoat off afterwards—the reason that the prisoner did not come to our house much was because there was some disagreement between the sisters-in-law—there was none between the brothers—they had had a drink together that day, and parted on good terms.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The prisoner did not mention the name of the woman who had been
<hi rend="italic">on to</hi> his wife.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-142" type="surname" value="FARRELL"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-142" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD FARRELL</persName> </hi>. I live at 12, Anchor Street, Limehouse, with my parents, and am thirteen years old—about 6.30 on Boxing night the prisoner came to our house—he was crying—he is my uncle—he said, "Where is</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190401110031"/>
<p>Emma?"—that is his wife's name—she came out, and they walked away together—I followed them—Aunt Emma said to him, "What have you done, Joe?"—he said, "Mischief"—she said, "What with?"—he said, "A knife"—she said, "Give me the knife"—he pave her a knife, and she said to me, "Here you are, Dick; mind this"—I afterwards handed it to my grandmother.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> When the prisoner first came to the house he seemed very much upset.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-143" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-143" type="surname" value="FARRELL"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-143" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH FARRELL</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Richard Farrell, of 2, Causeway Court, Ratcliff—on Boxing night I was at my son's house in Anchor Street—my grandson handed me this knife—I first threw it into the fire, but subsequently took it out and handed it to the police.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-144" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-144" type="surname" value="FARRELL"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-144" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>ELLEN FARRELL</persName> </hi>. I live at 12, Anchor Street, Limehouse—the prisoner and the deceased are my brothers—on Saturday, December 26th, about 4 p.m., the prisoner came to see me—he told me he had been drinking since 5 a.m., but when he came to me he did not seem much the worse for it—he said, "Have you got anything to eat?"—I said, "Yes, I have got a bit of pork"—he stayed with me until his wife came in about 6 p.m.—she said, "You don't care; they are all on to me"—he said, "Who?"—she said, "All that lot down there; they held the baby while Mrs. Cutbill
<hi rend="italic">paid</hi> me"—he said, "What lot?"—she said, "Oh, that lot down there."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He was excited when he left—I tried to keep him back, but could not—he was very fond of his wife—they seemed very comfortable together—the "lot down there" were all strangers, nothing to do with the family—they were not the Cutbill lot—they were all on one side of the way, but at variance with each other.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-145" type="surname" value="HAM"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-145" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HAM</persName> </hi> (43
<hi rend="italic">H.R.</hi>) From 12, Anchor Street to 89, Old Church Road is about 600 yards—about 6.40 p.m. on. December 26th I was called to 89, Old Church Road, where I found the deceased lying on a sofa, bleeding from a wound over the region of the heart—I bandaged him, and took him to the London Hospital on a police ambulance—he spoke to me—as far as I could gather, he was perfectly sober.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-146" type="surname" value="RUTTER"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-146" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY RUTTER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective H.</hi>) About 9.30 p.m. on December 26th I went with Detective Cornish to find the prisoner—we found him in the Duke of York, Salmon Lane, Limehouse—I made this note at the time—I said to him, "We are police officers. Is your name Stewart?"—he said, "No"—I said, "What is your name?"—he said, "I shan't tell you"—I then called him outside the house and said, "I believe your name is Stewart, and we shall take you into custody on suspicion of stabbing your brother this evening."—he said, "It was a three to one chance against me; they were three handed; it was done against the door"—when searched at the station he said, "I do not know where the knife is. The cut on my thumb was done at the time"—I saw a cut, I think, on his right thumb—he had been drinking, but he was perfectly rational.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have made inquiries about the prisoner—he has been employed for six or seven years, on and off, at the West India Docks</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190401110032"/>
<p>—he has been employed for three years by his last employer, as well as the deceased—I was informed by their employer that they were on very friendly terms—both of them were sober and respectable men, except on Bank holidays.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-147" type="surname" value="CORNISH"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-147" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE CORNISH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective H.</hi>) I was with Rutter when he arrested the prisoner, and I took a note of what was said—at the station the prisoner said, "They have been nagging me for a long time; I am the outcast of the family; none of them
<hi rend="italic">don't</hi> care about me"—this knife blade was handed to me by John Stewart, and the other part of the knife was given to me by the Farrells—the blade and the handle fit.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-148" type="surname" value="SCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-148" type="given" value="EDWARD SPENCER"/>EDWARD SPENCER SCOTT</persName> </hi>. I am a Bachelor of Medicine and am house surgeon at the London Hospital—about 7.15 on December 26th the deceased was brought in in a collapsed condition—he was undressed and put to bed—I examined him and found that he had a wound about 2 in. long about the level of the sixth and seventh costal cartilages where they join the breast bone—it was not the bony part of the ribs, but the cartilage—there was no visible bleeding, but there were signs of hemorrhage going on internally—I came to the conclusion that it was necessary to perform an operation—I sent for Mr. Percy Furnival, who, when he arrived, stitched up the heart—I assisted him—that was an absolutely necessary operation—we found that the wound had penetrated the heart wall—it had not actually gone into the cavity of the heart—there was a great ft deal of bleeding going on at the time—he improved after the operation, but next morning he collapsed again, and at 2.55 a.m. on Monday, the 28th, he died—I got to him about five minutes after he was dead—if we had not performed the operation, in my opinion the injury would have been fatal within a few hours; as it was he lived for about twenty-eight hours—I was present with Dr. Grant at the
<hi rend="italic">post mortem</hi> examination—the cause of death was due to the stab in the chest, the wound in the heart, syncope, which of course was helped a good deal by the amount of blood that he had lost, and also by the condition of the left lung, which had been also wounded, as well as the walls of the heart—the wounds might have been caused by this knife.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I do not consider this a very fine specimen of a knife, but if sufficient force had been used, I consider this knife could have inflicted the damage.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I do not think the wound could have been caused with this knife without considerable force.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-149" type="surname" value="GRANT"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-149" type="given" value="CHARLES GRAHAM"/>CHARLES GRAHAM GRANT</persName> </hi>. I am police surgeon to the H Division, and in company with Dr. Scott was present at the
<hi rend="italic">post mortem</hi>—I confirm what he says—I was present when the wound was measured—I com
<lb/>pared that measurement with the blade of this knife—I believe that blade could have inflicted the injury—the wound was rather deeper than the blade is long—I attribute that to the force used in pressing in the ribs—I examined the blade—I found that it had a red stain on it, which answered to the tests, microscopal and chemical, and I found it to be blood—I ex
<lb/>amined the prisoner, and found that he had a superficial wound on his right thumb of no apparent moment—at the Coroner's request I examined</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190401110033"/>
<p>Cain—he had a wound on the upper part of his left arm—it was healed over when I saw it—I think it counld have been inflicted by the knife shown to me—Cain also had cuts in his clothing corresponding with the wound—this knife has a sharp blade—I agree with Dr. Scott that if the wound was caused by it, great force would have to be used—the point of the knife fitted accurately with the wound in the heart.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-150" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-150" type="surname" value="CUTBILL"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-150" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH CUTBILL</persName> </hi>. I live at 80, Old Church Road.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I remember being in the Green Dragon on December 26th, in the morning, when the prisoner's mother and the deceased were there—the prisoner and the deceased were on good terms—they were speaking and drinking together quite comfortably—when the prisoner left he was on good terms with the deceased.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-151" type="surname" value="DIVALL"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-151" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS DIVALL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector H.</hi>) On December 28th I charged the prisoner at the police station with wilful murder—he made no reply.</p>
<rs id="t19040111-137-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-137-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-137-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of manslaughter.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19040111-137-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-137-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-137-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-137-19040111 t19040111-137-punishment-27"/>Fourteen years' penal servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<persName id="def1-138-19040111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-138-19040111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-138-19040111" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-138-19040111" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="def1-138-19040111" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES MOORE</hi> (33)</persName>
<rs id="t19040111-138-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-138-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="damage"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-138-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>, Feloniously setting fire to two stacks of grain, the property of
<persName id="t19040111-name-153" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-153" type="surname" value="BARNFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-153" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040111-138-offence-1 t19040111-name-153"/>Henry Barnfield</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MAHAFFY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-154" type="surname" value="RICHARDS"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-154" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>FRANCIS RICHARDS</persName> </hi> (81
<hi rend="italic">T.</hi>) I am stationed at Bedfont—about 1.10 a.m. on Sunday, December 27th, I was on duty at the police station there—the prisoner came in and made-a statement, which I took a note of—he said, "I have come to give myself up for setting fire to those stacks"—I cautioned him, and he said, "About 12 o'clock I went into a field on the left of the road just beyond the village, and laid down under a stack for a sleep, as I had walked from London and had no bed to go to I struck a match and lighted my pipe, and then threw the match down, when it at once set the stack on fire; I did not try to put it out; I did not know what to do; I went into the road and watched the fire until the other stack caught, which took fire through the wind blowing the flames on to it; I did not call or give alarm until two
<hi rend="italic">chaps</hi> came out of the house there, when I told them the stacks were on fire; I then walked back towards London"—later on I charged him on his own con
<lb/>fession with setting fire to the stacks—he made no reply.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. The station is about a mile from the scene of the fire.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-155" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-155" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-155" type="surname" value="RANDALL"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-155" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM RANDALL</persName> </hi>. I live at 69, Cambridge Grove Road, Kingston—on December 27th, about 12.30 a.m., I was in the Staines Road, Bedfont—I saw some corn stacks on fire—I saw the prisoner in the road going towards Bedfont and away from the fire—I stopped him and asked him if he knew anything about the fire—he replied, "No"—on the same day I identified him at the station.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. The stacks were blazing when I saw the prisoner—I did not go up to them—I do not know who put them out—I was going home—the prisoner was about fifty yards from the stacks.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-156" type="surname" value="BARNFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-156" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED BARNFIELD</persName> </hi>. I live at Oak Dean, Ashford, Bedfont—on December 27th, about 12.55 a.m., I received some information, and in consequence I went to Silverlands, a field near the Staines road, where I saw two ricks on</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190401110034"/>
<p>fire—they were the property of my father, who lives in the same house that I do—their value was about £120 or £130—they were about five or six yards apart, one on each side of the gateway from the road—they were built on some faggots, which raised them two feet or three feet off the ground—the gate was not locked—there was some rain on Christmas day and Boxing day—the ground was wet.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner's defence:</hi> "It was an accident."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19040111-138-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-138-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-138-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction for a like offence at Chelmsford on November</hi> 10
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1899.
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19040111-138-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-138-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-138-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-138-19040111 t19040111-138-punishment-28"/>Five years' penal servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t19040111-139" type="date" value="19040111"/>
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<persName id="def1-139-19040111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-139-19040111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-139-19040111" type="age" value="46"/>
<interp inst="def1-139-19040111" type="surname" value="PEMBERTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-139-19040111" type="given" value="HENRY WALDON"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY WALDON PEMBERTON</hi> (46)</persName>
<rs id="t19040111-139-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-139-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-139-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t19040111-name-158" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-158" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-158" type="surname" value="FREE"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-158" type="given" value="HELEN ELIZA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040111-139-offence-1 t19040111-name-158"/>Helen Eliza Free</persName> with intent to murder her.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>, with intent to do her grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PETER GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-159" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-159" type="surname" value="LANE"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-159" type="given" value="JESSIE"/>JESSIE LANE</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of William Lane, of 5, Nairn Street, Bromley—about five weeks before December 24th, the prisoner and the prosecutrix came to lodge with me—they stayed with me till December 24th—they had frequent quarrels which I overheard—about 9.30 a.m. on December 24th, I heard cries for help—I recognised the prosecutrix's voice—I went to the door of their room and opened it—when I got inside the room I saw the prosecutrix standing by the bedside bleeding very much from a wound in her throat—the prisoner was standing by her side with a razor in his hand—the prosecutrix said, "Fetch me a doctor; I shall bleed to death; he has cut my throat," and she turned her head towards the prisoner—I ran out and sent for a doctor—when I returned I saw the prosecutrix run out of the house.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> The razor was in your hand, not in the prosecutrix's.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-160" type="surname" value="BRITTAIN"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-160" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR BRITTAIN</persName> </hi> (766
<hi rend="italic">K.</hi>) About 9.40 a.m. on December 24th I was called to 5, Nairn Street—I saw the prisoner bleeding from two cuts in his throat—he pointed to this razor (
<hi rend="italic">Produced.</hi>) under a small table, and said, "Oh, my poor head, what have I done this for?"—I took him down to the front room, where I saw the prosecutrix with her throat cut—I took the prisoner to Poplar Hospital, where he remained for that night—he was taken to the station a week afterwards.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-161" type="surname" value="NICHOLLS"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-161" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED NICHOLLS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector K.</hi>) On December 31st I went to Poplar Hospital and arrested the prisoner—I told him he would be charged with attempting to kill and slay Alice Free, and attempting to kill and slay himself—he said it was all a mistake—at the station he made no reply.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-162" type="surname" value="INGRAM"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-162" type="given" value="THOMAS LEWIS"/>THOMAS LEWIS INGRAM</persName> </hi>, M.R.C.S. I am. house surgeon at Poplar Hospital—about 10.5 p.m. on December 24th the prosecutrix was brought in—I examined her—she had a deep, clean cut wound on the right side of her neck, which just missed the main vessels—she also had a cut on her right thumb—the ring and middle fingers were cut at the base—if the wound in her throat had been deeper, she would have bled to death in a very short time—it is rather difficult to judge the depth of an open wound, because the sides are elastic—considerable force would be necessary to</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190401110035"/>
<p>cause it—this razor would have caused the wounds—the wound in the hand afterwards became poisoned and rather serious—I also examined the prisoner—he had three wounds in his throat and a good many super
<lb/>ficial skin cuts.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. There was very little the matter with him—the woman could have inflicted the injury herself, but the fact that it was on the right side of her throat is rather against that, because when people cut their throats they generally use their right hands and cut themselves on the left side.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-163" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-163" type="surname" value="FREE"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-163" type="given" value="ELLEN ELIZA"/>ELLEN ELIZA FREE</persName> </hi>. I am a widow—up to December 24th I have been living with the prisoner at Nairn Street, Bromley—on that day Mrs. Lane came into our room in consequence of my cries for help, and found me with a wound in my throat—I do not recollect saying to her that the prisoner had cut my throat—I said I was frightened that I should bleed to death, and asked her to fetch a doctor—the wound in my throat was caused in a struggle for the razor—when my throat was cut we both had it—the cut on my thumb was done when I was struggling for the razor—it was the prisoner's razor—I had got it from the kitchen, and attempted to cut my own throat—we had had a few words the night before.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I do not remember the prisoner cutting my throat—I told Mrs. Lane that it was cut in a struggle for the razor—I cried for help because I was frightened I should bleed to death—the prisoner offered to get a doctor.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The 'prisoner, in his defence, said thai in the evening he and the prosecutrix had a quarrel; thai she poured out a cupful of carbolic acid, and said she would drink it; that he took it from her; that next morning she went into the kitchen and returned with a razor; that he jumped at her and got it from her. and called to Mrs. Lane, that when Mrs. Lane came to the door, the prosecutrix asked her to fetch a doctor, but did not say anything about his having cut her throat, and that he then drew the razor across his own throat.</hi> </p>
<rs id="t19040111-139-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-139-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-139-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">on the Second count.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic"> (See next case.</hi>)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040111-140">
<interp inst="t19040111-140" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040111"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-140" type="date" value="19040111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040111-140-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-140-19040111 t19040111-140-offence-1 t19040111-140-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-140-19040111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-140-19040111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-140-19040111" type="age" value="46"/>
<interp inst="def1-140-19040111" type="surname" value="PEMBERTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-140-19040111" type="given" value="HENRY WALDON"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY WALDON PEMBERTON</hi> </persName> was again indicted
<rs id="t19040111-140-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-140-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-140-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/> for attempting to commit suicide,</rs> to which he</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19040111-140-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-140-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-140-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19040111-140-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-140-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-140-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-140-19040111 t19040111-140-punishment-29"/>One day's imprison
<lb/>ment</rs>, and
<rs id="t19040111-140-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-140-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-140-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-140-19040111 t19040111-140-punishment-30"/>for the wounding with intent to do grievous bodily harm, Five years' penal servitude.</rs> </hi> *</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, January</hi> 14
<hi rend="italic">th</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040111-141">
<interp inst="t19040111-141" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040111"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-141" type="date" value="19040111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040111-141-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-141-19040111 t19040111-141-offence-1 t19040111-141-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-141-19040111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-141-19040111" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-141-19040111" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-141-19040111" type="surname" value="FLOOD"/>
<interp inst="def1-141-19040111" type="given" value="EMMA MARY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EMMA MARY FLOOD</hi> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t19040111-141-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-141-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-141-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="perjury"/>, Wilful and corrupt perjury before
<persName id="t19040111-name-166" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-166" type="surname" value="VIGERS"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-166" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040111-141-offence-1 t19040111-name-166"/>Robert Vigers</persName>, an arbitrator. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">No evidence was offered.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19040111-141-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-141-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-141-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040111-142">
<interp inst="t19040111-142" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040111"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-142" type="date" value="19040111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040111-142-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-142-19040111 t19040111-142-offence-1 t19040111-142-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040111-142-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-142-19040111 t19040111-142-offence-2 t19040111-142-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040111-142-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-142-19040111 t19040111-142-offence-3 t19040111-142-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040111-142-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-142-19040111 t19040111-142-offence-4 t19040111-142-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-142-19040111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-142-19040111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-142-19040111" type="age" value="47"/>
<interp inst="def1-142-19040111" type="surname" value="STIFF"/>
<interp inst="def1-142-19040111" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALTER STIFF</hi> (47)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19040111-142-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-142-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-142-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to
<rs id="t19040111-142-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-142-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-142-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>forging and uttering an account book purporting to be a billiards day book, with intent to defraud;</rs>
<rs id="t19040111-142-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-142-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-142-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to. attempting to obtain large sums of money by false pretences;</rs>
<rs id="t19040111-142-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-142-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-142-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="perjury"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to wilful and corrupt perjury,</rs> and
<rs id="t19040111-142-offence-4" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-142-offence-4" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-142-offence-4" type="offenceSubcategory" value="perjury"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to subornation of perjury.</rs> (
<hi rend="italic">See next case.</hi>)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040111-143">
<interp inst="t19040111-143" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040111"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-143" type="date" value="19040111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040111-143-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-143-19040111 t19040111-143-offence-1 t19040111-143-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040111-143-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-143-19040111 t19040111-143-offence-1 t19040111-143-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040111-143-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-143-19040111 t19040111-143-offence-1 t19040111-143-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190401110036"/>
<p>143. The said
<persName id="def1-143-19040111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-143-19040111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-143-19040111" type="age" value="47"/>
<interp inst="def1-143-19040111" type="surname" value="STIFF"/>
<interp inst="def1-143-19040111" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALTER STIFF</hi> </persName>, the said
<persName id="def2-143-19040111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-143-19040111" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-143-19040111" type="surname" value="FLOOD"/>
<interp inst="def2-143-19040111" type="given" value="EMMA MARY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EMMA MARY FLOOD</hi> </persName>, and
<persName id="def3-143-19040111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-143-19040111" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def3-143-19040111" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def3-143-19040111" type="surname" value="FLOOD"/>
<interp inst="def3-143-19040111" type="given" value="EMMA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EMMA FLOOD</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t19040111-143-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-143-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-143-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Conspiring together and with other persons to obtain £4,635, the moneys of the
<persName id="t19040111-name-171" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-171" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040111-143-offence-1 t19040111-name-171"/>London County Council</persName>, and other conspiracies. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">Stiff and Emma Flood</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19040111-143-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-143-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-143-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">STIFF</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19040111-143-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-143-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-143-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-143-19040111 t19040111-143-punishment-31"/>Five years' penal servi
<lb/>tude for the perjury and three years' penal servitude for the subornation of perjury, to run consecutively,</rs> and
<rs id="t19040111-143-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-143-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-143-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-143-19040111 t19040111-143-punishment-32"/>nine months' imprisonment for the con
<lb/>spiracy, to run concurrently.</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EMMA FLOOD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19040111-143-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-143-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-143-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-143-19040111 t19040111-143-punishment-33"/>Four days' imprisonment.</rs> No evidence was offered against</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EMMA MARY FLOOD</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19040111-143-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-143-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-143-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040111-144">
<interp inst="t19040111-144" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040111"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-144" type="date" value="19040111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040111-144-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-144-19040111 t19040111-144-offence-1 t19040111-144-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-144-19040111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-144-19040111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-144-19040111" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-144-19040111" type="surname" value="SOTHERN"/>
<interp inst="def1-144-19040111" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT SOTHERN</hi> (33)</persName>
<rs id="t19040111-144-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-144-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-144-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully obtaining from
<persName id="t19040111-name-173" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-173" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-173" type="surname" value="MONAGHAN"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-173" type="given" value="JOHN EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19040111-144-offence-1 t19040111-name-173"/>John Edward Monaghan</persName> a cheque for 18s. by false pretences, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ELLIOTT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FITCH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GUTTERIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-174" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-174" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-174" type="surname" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-174" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST JAMES</persName> </hi>. I am a director of Marion James & Ker, Limited, manufacturing chemists, Durham Grove Works, Morning Grove, Hackney—the prisoner has been twice in our employmnet—on the second occasion he was engaged on March 2nd, 1903—the agreement is dated March 10th—by it the company agrees to pay him as their traveller 5s. a week and 15 per cent, on all orders except perfumes, and supply, a box and samples for his use to be returned at the termination of the agreement, or in default a payment of £2, and the traveller agrees to report the result of each day's business and to pay in all moneys, cheques and orders, and is forbidden to use money paid to the company for his expenses, upon pain of instant dismissal, a week's notice being otherwise required—some trouble arose in April as to money not being accounted for, in consequence of which I gave him a written notice for May 2nd, and asked him to call and give an explanation—I received in reply an undated letter on May 3rd from 21, Milman Street, asking me to continue his services—I replied that I would let matters rest till Saturday morning—I did not see him then—his dis
<lb/>missal was suspended at my wish, and on June 2nd I wrote him, "Please be here to-morrow evening at six o'clock, and bring your samples with you"—he did not come till June 11th—I asked him if he was going perfectly straight with us—he said, "Yes"—I said, "Do we owe you anything?"—he said, "No, you do not"—I said, "Do you owe us anything?"—he said, "No, I do not"; so I instructed our lady clerk, Miss Williams, to make this note: "Sothern says we do not owe him anything, 11/6/03"—that day I received from him this letter, undated (
<hi rend="italic">Asking for</hi> £1
<hi rend="italic">till Monday.</hi>) to which my co-director replied on June 12th that we were astonished at his application for money, and his not calling to settle the account, which placed him in an unenviable position—I then received this letter of June 15th, in which he says, "I will bring down samples and book to-morrow morning. I regret leaving your firm, as I believe I could do a big trade, but require more money and an arrangement by which I should receive a certain amount per week"—he came on the 16th with his samples, which 1 took—after settling his account with my colleague, when he came out I told him he would not represent us any more, and therefore would not want the samples—we have not received amounts from Daily, of May 18th;</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190401110037"/>
<p>Collen, of June 8th; Monaghan, of July 30th; Moss, of July 10th; Day, of July 8th; or Eacott, of July 2nd—these two cheques are made payable to Marion James & Ker, Limited, by Moss & Monaghan, of Baldock and Co., with whom we do business—the endorsements are the prisoner's—he had no authority to sign our name—they are payable to order, and have been cashed across the counter—I have prepared an account to June 16th, 1903, of our dealings with him, which shows that we have overpaid him 2d.—since then we have had no business communication with him except one cheque from Northwood just after he left us—he never told us that he had collected the debts mentioned, or sent an account of them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> My company's capital is £5,000—John James Ker and G. Mather Horsey are my co-directors—Horsey is related by marriage to Ker—there are 5,000 £1 shareholders and £1,000 in debentures—the prisoner has not been in our employment twice before—by Clause 10 of the agreement he agrees to a society guarantee—we received a notification from the Provident Clerks' Society that they were prepared to issue a bond to cover this man—that bond was not found—we have received pay
<lb/>ment from Daily only—no steps have been taken against others—the prisoner's salary depended on commissions, exactly as I started myself—he had to pay his own expenses—he had no allowances—he wrongly claimed commissions which were, not due—his duty was to be at the office every Saturday morning to render an account to Miss Williams—we have a staff of three—we got North wood's cheque, but no orders after July 16th—our rules were carried out strictly, as far as I know—he was dismissed because he obtained money on our behalf and kept it—Durwin's order, as to which the invoice is dated July 16th, was when the prisoner was in our service, most likely in May—he refused to cross Lloyd's cheque or to take the order—I think the fraud was stupid—he had a cheque for his commis
<lb/>sion, 8s., on June 16th—the orders were executed as soon after as they could be.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I received this undated letter on July 1st from the prisoner: "Gentlemen,—I am willing to go on for your firm again for 17 1/2 commission and no salary. Please let me know"—the date is put on by Miss Williams—no claim was ever made by the prisoner after June 16th for commission, salary, or anything.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-175" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-175" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-175" type="surname" value="KER"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-175" type="given" value="JOHN JAMES"/>JOHN JAMES KER</persName> </hi>. I am managing director of Marion James & Ker—it is a small family company—I first saw Sothern on June 16th, when his commission account was brought to me for 8s., and 6s. was due—I paid him 8s. by cheque, which he has endorsed—I had a conversation with him—Mr. James was there—I saw his bag and samples after he had given them to Mr. James—he left his receipt book—he had none of them after June 16th.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I believe I did not see the prisoner in May—I did not—at first he came to. the office fairly regularly, but afterwards we had trouble, and could not get him up—at first he gave no notice—I objected to take him on again, but afterwards agreed to give him another trial—he was finally dismissed on June 16th in consequence of notice of May 6th—Mr. James dismissed him by word of mouth—we had no business relations</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190401110038"/>
<p>with him after June 6th—we received his application to represent us on July 1st—he could take up other work while in our employment with our consent—Daly, Eacott. Collins, and Monaghan have been applied to for payment—I gave him no authority to endorse cheques.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-176" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-176" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-176" type="given" value="ETHEL"/>ETHEL WILLIAMS</persName> </hi>. I live at 48. Princess May Road, Stoke Newington—I entered the employment of Marion James & Ker on May 23rd—I am still with them—from that date I have made up the commission accounts due to Southern—this note of June 11th is my writing, and made at the time by Mr. James' instructions: "Sothern says we do not owe him anything. 11-6-03"—I do not know this pencil writing.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-177" type="surname" value="COLLEN"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-177" type="given" value="WILLIAM CRESWELL"/>WILLIAM CRESWELL COLLEN</persName> </hi>. I am a chemist, of 78, St. John's Road, Clapham Junction—on June 8th I paid the prisoner 19s. in cash—this is the receipt.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have not paid Marion & Co. anything in respect of that.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-178" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-178" type="surname" value="MONAGHAN"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-178" type="given" value="JOHN EDWARD"/>JOHN EDWARD MONAGHAN</persName> </hi>. I am a chemist, of 269, Balham High Road, Upper Tooting—on June 13th the prisoner called and asked for payment of an account in cash—I said my invariable custom was to pay by cheque—I made out this cheque—he asked me to leave it open, which I did—it is endorsed in the name of the firm, and has passed through my bank.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have not paid Marion &. Co. anything in respect of it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-179" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-179" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-179" type="surname" value="MOSS"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-179" type="given" value="ABRAHAM"/>ABRAHAM MOSS</persName> </hi>. I trade as Baldock & Co., chemists, High Street, South Norwood—on July 10th the prisoner called for payment of any account and for orders for Marion James & Ker for sundries, fancy articles—I gave him this cheque, payable to Marion and Co., in conse
<lb/>quence of what he said—it is endorsed "Marion James & Ker"—it has been debited to my account—he gave me this receipt.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-180" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-180" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-180" type="surname" value="MASSON"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-180" type="given" value="HEDLEY"/>HEDLEY MASSON</persName> </hi>. I am a chemist, of 4, London Road, Forest Hill—this receipt for 7s. 3d. was given me by Sothern when I paid him that account of July 2nd.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-181" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-181" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-181" type="surname" value="DAY"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-181" type="given" value="JAMES ALFRED"/>JAMES ALFRED DAY</persName> </hi>. I am a chemist, of 113, Dawes Road, Fulham—this receipt for 12s., dated June 24th, was written by Sothern when I paid him that amount on that day—it is written on plain paper, and not on the printed form of Marion James & Ker.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-182" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-182" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-182" type="surname" value="EACOTT"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-182" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES EACOTT</persName> </hi>. I trade as Meyrick & Eacott, dentists, at Bedford Hill. Balham—this invoice of May 6th is receipted at the bottom, but not dated—I paid it in June.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-183" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-183" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-183" type="surname" value="DAILY"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-183" type="given" value="DION LEES"/>DION LEES DAILY</persName> </hi>. I am a chemist, of 7, The Causeway, Teddington—on May 18th I paid the prisoner 12s. 3d., which I owed to Marion James & Ker—he gave me this receipt.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have paid Marion James, and Ker 6s. 6d. on their approaching me about it, to save trouble in the County Court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-184" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-184" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-184" type="surname" value="KER"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-184" type="given" value="JOHN JAMES"/>JOHN JAMES KER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi>) I asked Sothern on June 16th whether he had collected Daily's account—h' said he had not—I asked him whether he would put that in writing, and he wrote this: "16th June, Messrs. Marion James & Ker, Gentlemen,—In answer to your question whether I collected the account of W. L. Daily, of Teddington,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190401110039"/>
<p>I positively deny having done any such thing.—Yours faithfully,
<hi rend="smallCaps">R. SOTHERN</hi>."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prisoner had to call on a lot of customers in South London.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence on oath, said thai when he received no com
<lb/>mission he used the money for travelling expenses, and that Mr. Ker gave him authority on May 9th to endorse cheques. He afterwards said, in the hearing of the Jury, that he was guilty.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19040111-144-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-144-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-144-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19040111-144-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-144-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-144-punishment-34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-144-19040111 t19040111-144-punishment-34"/>Five months' imprisonment in the second division, having been a month in prison</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Thursday and Friday, January</hi> 14
<hi rend="italic">th and</hi> 15
<hi rend="italic">th; and</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Saturday and Monday, January</hi> 16
<hi rend="italic">th and</hi> 18
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1901.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040111-145">
<interp inst="t19040111-145" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040111"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-145" type="date" value="19040111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040111-145-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-145-19040111 t19040111-145-offence-1 t19040111-145-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040111-145-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-145-19040111 t19040111-145-offence-1 t19040111-145-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-145-19040111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-145-19040111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-145-19040111" type="age" value="54"/>
<interp inst="def1-145-19040111" type="surname" value="COOKE"/>
<interp inst="def1-145-19040111" type="given" value="FREDERICK AUGUSTUS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK AUGUSTUS COOKE</hi> (54)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-145-19040111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-145-19040111" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-145-19040111" type="age" value="46"/>
<interp inst="def2-145-19040111" type="surname" value="COOKE"/>
<interp inst="def2-145-19040111" type="given" value="RUTH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RUTH COOKE</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">otherwise</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<rs id="t19040111-alias-2" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-145-19040111 t19040111-alias-2"/>RUTH MARY KANE</rs> </hi> (46)</persName>
<rs id="t19040111-145-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-145-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-145-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>, Feloniously causing to be inserted in a Register of deaths a certain false entry relating to the death of one
<persName id="t19040111-name-187">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-187" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-187" type="surname" value="KANE"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-187" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>Daniel Kane</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FULTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-188" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-188" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-188" type="surname" value="BENDALL"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-188" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BENDALL</persName> </hi>. I am a Principal Clerk in the Claim Department of the Prudential Assurance Company—a policy dated June 6th, 1887, on the life of Daniel Kane was existing in July last—the sum insured was £12 4s., which would increase with profits—the male prisoner was an agent of ours—the premiums are collected by the agents—he was the agent for this particular policy at 39, Rigault Road, Fulham—on July 24th we received a claim form, giving the particulars of the policy with the amount due, £12 16s., with a number of questions which were answered, and then there was this declaration: "I am the holder of the policy, the pre
<lb/>miums have all been paid, and as the widow of the said deceased I claim payment to me of the sum due by the said policy," signed "Ruth Kane," "witness, F. A. Cooke"—in addition, there has to be an independent certificate of identification—this is it, purporting to be signed by "W. Elliott, 44, Waldemar Avenue, Fulham," in the presence of F. A. Cooke as witness—the claim was found to be in order, and a cheque for £12 16s., with a receipt form, was on July 28th sent to 31, High Street, Fulham—with the claim also came the certificate of the entry of the death in the register.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-189" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-189" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-189" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-189" type="given" value="EDWARD THOMAS"/>EDWARD THOMAS WHITE</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk to the Prudential Assurance Company—this cheque for £12 10s. was sent on July 28th to Frederick Cooke, with a form of receipt and a letter.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-190" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-190" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-190" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-190" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES WHITE</persName> </hi>. I live at 33, Connacher Road, Parson's Green, and am a Registrar of Births and Deaths for the Sub-district of. South Fulham—I was acting on July 27th, when a woman came and gave particulars of a death—the female prisoner closely resembles her—I have not brought the Register of deaths; I did not know it was wanted. (
<hi rend="italic">The witness was directed to get the book.</hi>)</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190401110040"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-191" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-191" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-191" type="surname" value="WARREN"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-191" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY WARREN</persName> </hi>. I live at 69, The Grove, Hammersmith, and am Superintendent of agents for my district of the Prudential Assurance Company—the male prisoner has been an agent for about 12 1/2 years under me—I know his writing—I should say that the whole of this certificate of death of July 27th, purporting to be signed by Dr. Farr, is in the male prisoner's writing, including the signature—the cause of death is given as phthisis.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by F. A. Cooke.</hi> This letter of March 2nd, 1896, was written in my presence by you to me, stating that you agreed to devote your time to the Prudential Company, and to give up your coal agency—it was about 2 or 3 o'clock that I called on you—Monday is generally the busiest day of the week with an agent—it is not extraordinary for an agent to be at home that day if he is written to beforehand to be there, as you were—I have no doubt on the matter—if you had completed a few years' more service you might have been entitled to a pension—that is a matter that is decided by the Board of Directors.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-192" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-192" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-192" type="surname" value="FARR"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-192" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR FARR</persName> </hi>, M.R.C.P. I live at 116, Earl's Court Road, London—this document marked "1" is not my writing, nor signed by me—I do not know of any other registered medical practitioner of my name—I did not attend anyone at 31, High Street, Fulham, on July 27th, nor at any time—I never attended anyone named Daniel Kane.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-193" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-193" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-193" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-193" type="given" value="CLARA"/>CLARA HALL</persName> </hi>. I am a widow, of 31, High Street, Fulham—I have lived there ten years—no one of the name of Daniel Kane has lived there—nobody died there on July 26th last—no one has died there for the last ten years—I have known the male prisoner over twenty years as a Pru
<lb/>dential Company's agent—I do not know the female prisoner—I have no knowledge of his being at my house on July 28th—I was out that evening—when I saw him shortly afterwards I told him I was not aware that he was having a letter addressed to my house, and he said, "I forgot to mention it to you last week."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by F. A. Cooke.</hi> Mr. Charles White, the Registrar of deaths, called on me—I cannot say when—it was before I had the con
<lb/>versation with you about the letter—he said, had I had a death at my house, and I said, "No"—he at first accused me of making a false declaration of death—I have always known you to be honest, straight
<lb/>forward, and hardworking—you have brought up a large family in a respectable way.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> When the Registrar came to me I mentioned a post card which had been received from the Town Hall about disinfecting my premises.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-194" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-194" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-194" type="surname" value="JANE"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-194" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK JANE</persName> </hi>. I am a postman, of 4, Irene Road, Fulham—I recollect delivering a letter the end of July at 31, High Street, Fulham—I do not remember the name on it—it was Mrs. Hall's address—it was not for her—when I was going to the house the male prisoner came out of the door and said to me, "Have you a letter for" a name I cannot remember, but it was the same name as was on the envelope—I said, "Yes," and gave it to him, and then went to the house—a woman opened</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190401110041"/>
<p>the door—I said to her, "Is that man's name" so-and-so?—she said, "Yes"—I then proceeded on my delivery.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by F. A. Cooke.</hi> I cannot recollect the date—I did not take hold of you.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-195" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-195" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-195" type="surname" value="KENNETH"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-195" type="given" value="MARY"/>MARY KENNETH</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of John Kenneth, of 44, Waldemar Avenue, Fulham—I have lived there four years—I do not know any "W. Elliott" as having been there during that time—I do not know the male prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-196" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-196" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-196" type="surname" value="HUGHES"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-196" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM HUGHES</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the Putney Branch of the London and South-Western Bank—on July 29th this cheque was cashed by me—I cannot say who presented it—I know the male prisoner by sight—he has been to the bank occasionally.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by F. A. Cooke.</hi> I have known you to come to the bank on the Prudential Company's business—I cannot say whether you have ever cashed a Prudential Company's cheque.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-197" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-197" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-197" type="surname" value="GOUGH"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-197" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH GOUGH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Officer.</hi>) On December 7th I went to 86, Kingston Road, Wimbledon, and there saw Ruth Cooke—I said I was a police officer, and should arrest her for unlawfully and wilfully giving a false certificate of death—she said, "All right, I am glad it has come to a climax, I was under Fred's influence; I went in fear of him; he has. threatened to murder me; I have signed several papers, but I did not know what I was doing"—the same day I arrested the male prisoner at 180,—Lott's Road, Chelsea, for unlawfully and wilfully making a false certificate, of death—he said, "Yes, I shall say nothing, I think that is best; I was going to give myself up after Christmas."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by F. A. Cooke.</hi> I was called for the defence at the Police Court on December 22nd, and in answer to you said that I had known you fourteen or fifteen years, and that previous to this charge I knew of nothing against you.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Ruth Cooke.</hi> I asked you if your name was Ruth Kane, and you said, "Yes."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-198" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-198" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-198" type="surname" value="PALFREY"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-198" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN PALFREY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant.</hi>) On December 7th, about 9 p.m., I went to Wandsworth Police Station with another Sergeant and saw both prisoners—I said to them, "We are both police officers," and asked their names—the man said, "Frederick Cooke," the woman "Ruth Kane"—I read the warrants to them; they made no reply—they were conveyed to Fulham Police Station and formally charged—on the way, in a cab, the woman said, "I don't care anything at all about myself, they can do what they like with me, all I think about is the children; I have been a good friend to that man" (
<hi rend="italic">Frederick Cooke</hi>) "for ten years; I married him to look after the children, and have been a good woman to him; it is"—well known that Daniel Kane died in South Africa; I wish you to tell this to the Magistrate"—Frederick Cooke said, "I say nothing at present."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by F. A. Cooke.</hi> I did not warn your wife that any statement she might make would be used as evidence against her—I have tried to find Daniel Kane, and have been to the War Office, but could ascertain nothing.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>, At the prisoner's request inquiries were made at a</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190401110042"/>
<p>house at Shepherd's Bush, where it was alleged, a man named Tane or Kane had lived—no one named Tane or Kane died there last year—we have not found Daniel Kane, dead or alive.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By F. A. Cooke.</hi> You have borne a good character up to eight or nine months ago—I went on January 1st to Hollo way Prison to see the female prisoner, because we had heard that one of your children had been admitted to a workhouse—we knew there were three other children, and it is the duty of the police to see whether young children of prisoners are being looked after—I was not instrumental in one child being taken to the workhouse.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-199" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-199" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-199" type="surname" value="GURRIN"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-199" type="given" value="THOMAS HENRY"/>THOMAS HENRY GURRIN</persName> </hi>. I have practised for nearly twenty years as an examiner of handwriting—this blue paper marked "A" has been before me, also the claim form in this case—I believe the person who wrote the blue paper and the signature of "Ruth Kane" on the claim to be one and the same, also the signature on this receipt form.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by F. A. Cooke.</hi> I have not seen the Register of deaths—I have identified handwriting in nearly 2,000 cases—there have been cases in which juries have not agreed with me—I should think the latter would represent about 4 or 5 per cent, of them—I have no doubt as to the signature being your wife's.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-200" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-200" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-200" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-200" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES WHITE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi>) Mrs. Hall is not the woman who came—the woman who came gave me particulars of the death of Daniel Kane—I put down the particulars in this book—she also gave me a certificate of the cause of death, purporting to be signed by Dr. Farr—I, at her request, gave her a certified copy, and she signed this book, "Ruth Kane"—she appeared to be much overcome by emotion, and had a handkerchief to her eyes, and sat in a chair with a rocking motion—I thought she was much distressed—she was dressed in black—I heard something after
<lb/>wards, and in consequence went to 35, Rigault Road, Fulham, on August 10th, and there saw the male prisoner—I asked him whether he knew that a fictitious claim had been made upon the Prudential Company—he said he had heard since that such was the case; he had paid the claim himself, and therefore he knew that such a claim had been made.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by F. A. Cooke.</hi> The female prisoner, I think, opened the door to me on the occasion mentioned—I did not then connect her with the woman that called on me—when she was signing the register she kept her handkerchief to her eyes, I believe—that is how I did not notice her features particularly—she trembled violently, and I felt sorry for her.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-201" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-201" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-201" type="surname" value="GURRIN"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-201" type="given" value="THOMAS HENRY"/>THOMAS HENRY GURRIN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi>) I have now compared the signature in the register with the blue paper writing—to the best of my belief, it is written by the same hand, but it is shaky.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-202" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-202" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-202" type="surname" value="BENDALL"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-202" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BENDALL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi>) This certified extract from the Death Register came with the claim form, the policy and the premium receipt book, on July 28th.</p>
<hi rend="italic">F. A. Cooke called</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-203" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-203" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-203" type="surname" value="COOKE"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-203" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER COOKE</persName> </hi>. I am your son, and am eleven years old—you have</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190401110043"/>
<p>always 'been very kind to my present mother, and have lived happily together—none of my brothers or sisters have been taken to the work-house.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. Since my father has been in custody I have been living with my uncle Jack at Brentford—I cannot tell who called at father's house.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By F. Cooke.</hi> My brother Lenny is with my brother Fred at Twicken
<lb/>ham—he has never been in the workhouse—you have always been a good father to all of us.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19040111-name-204" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19040111-name-204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-204" type="surname" value="GRAY"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-name-204" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK GRAY</persName> </hi>. I am manager to a butcher's, and live at 33, Rigault Road, Fulham—I have known you about eight years—I have always heard you have borne a good character—I have always known you to be industrious.</p>
<hi rend="italic">F. A. Cooke, in his defence, stated that he admitted writing the medical certificate of death, but that the prosecution must prove fraud; and that they must prove that Daniel Kane is alive, which they had failed to do; and that he had had ample opportunity of committing fraud to a more serious extent, which he had not done; and that he had worked very hard for a living and brought up seven children.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Ruth Cooke's Defence:</hi> "I have signed no paper at all."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19040111-145-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-145-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-145-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<rs id="t19040111-145-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-145-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-145-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RUTH COOKE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">strongly recommended to mercy by the Jury, as she acted under her husband's influence.</hi> </rs> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">F. A. COOKE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19040111-145-punishment-35" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-145-punishment-35" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-145-punishment-35" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-145-19040111 t19040111-145-punishment-35"/>Three years' penal servitude.</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RUTH COOKE</hi>
<rs id="t19040111-145-punishment-36" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19040111-145-punishment-36" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-145-punishment-36" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-145-19040111 t19040111-145-punishment-36"/>
<hi rend="italic">Discharged on her own recognizances in</hi> £20.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19040111-146">
<interp inst="t19040111-146" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19040111"/>
<interp inst="t19040111-146" type="date" value="19040111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19040111-146-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-146-19040111 t19040111-146-offence-1 t19040111-146-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-146-19040111" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-146-19040111" type="gender" value