<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<div1 type="frontMatter" id="f19030720">
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<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>Short-hand Writers to the Court,</p>
<persName id="t19030720-name-1" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-1" type="surname" value="CHAMBERS"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-1" type="given" value="ROLLS"/>ROLLS CHAMBERS</persName>, No. 89, CHANCERY LANE.</p>
<p>Law Booksellers and Publishers.</p>
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<p>On the King's Commission of</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>Held on Monday, July 20th, 1903, and following days.</p>
<p>Before the Right Hon.
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-2" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-2" type="surname" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-2" type="given" value="MARCUS"/>SIR MARCUS SAMUEL</persName> </hi>, Knight,
<hi rend="largeCaps">LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; the Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN COMPTON LAWARNCE</hi>, one of the Justices of His Majesty's High Court; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN WHITTAKER ELLIS</hi>, Bart.; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-3" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-3" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID EVANS</persName> </hi>, K.C.M.G.; and Lieut.-Colonel Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-4" type="surname" value="DAVIES"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-4" type="given" value="HORATIO"/>HORATIO DAVIES</persName> </hi>, K.C.M.G., M.P.; Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">FORREST FULTON</hi>, Knight, K.C., Recorder of the said City;
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-5" type="surname" value="POUND"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-5" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN POUND</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-6" type="surname" value="ALLISTON"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-6" type="given" value="FREDERICK PRAT"/>FREDERICK PRAT ALLISTON</persName> </hi>, Esq., and
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS BOOR CROSBY</hi>, Esq., M.D., other of the Aldermen of the said City;
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-7" type="surname" value="BOSANQUET"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-7" type="given" value="FREDERICK ALBERT"/>FREDERICK ALBERT BOSANQUET</persName> </hi>, Esq., K.C., Common Serjeant of the said City; and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-8" type="surname" value="RENTOUL"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-8" type="given" value="JAMES ALEXANDER"/>JAMES ALEXANDER RENTOUL</persName> </hi>, Esq., K.C., M.P., LL.D., Deputy Judge of the City of London Court, His Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery, holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-9" type="surname" value="TRUSCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-9" type="given" value="GEORGE WYATT"/>GEORGE WYATT TRUSCOTT</persName> </hi>, Knt., Alderman.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS HENRY BROOKE-HITCHING</hi>, Knt.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALFRED PERCY DOULTON</hi>, Esq., J.P.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-10" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-10" type="surname" value="LANGTON"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-10" type="given" value="JOSEPH DAVID"/>JOSEPH DAVID LANGTON</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Under Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SAMUEL, MAYOR. TENTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that the prisoners have been previously in custody—two Stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—a dagger</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, July</hi> 20
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1903.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<persName id="def1-577-19030720" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-577-19030720" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-577-19030720" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-577-19030720" type="surname" value="HAZELDINE"/>
<interp inst="def1-577-19030720" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY HAZELDINE</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t19030720-577-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-577-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-577-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence with other persons on
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<interp inst="t19030720-name-12" type="surname" value="BADENOCH"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-12" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19030720-577-offence-1 t19030720-name-12"/>Frederick Badenoch</persName>, and stealing £17s. 6d. from his person.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. NICHOLSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-13" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-13" type="surname" value="BADENOCH"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-13" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK BADENOCH</persName> </hi>.I am an engineer—on June 11th, about 11 p.m., I was by the side of the Regent's Canal for the purpose of easing myself I was suddenly surrounded by three men—two of them seized my arms, one put his hand into this pocket, and another put his hand into this one and took my money out I kicked out I was kicked on the knee-cap—I shouted, and a constable came up—the prisoner, who was one of the men, jumped into the Canal—I do not know if he was one of the men who had put his hands into my pockets—he asked the constable to help him out, which he did.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> You were one of the men who had their hands in my pockets we never lost sight of you.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-14" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-14" type="surname" value="DANIELS"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-14" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY DANIELS</persName> </hi> (537
<hi rend="italic">Y.</hi>) On June 26th I was on duty in the neighbour
<lb/>hood of Thornhill Bridge Place—I heard cries of "help" coming from the Regent's Canal I jumped over the railings on to the towing path, and I saw the prisoner and two other men attempting to pick the prosecu
<lb/>tor's pocket—I pursued them—the prisoner jumped into the Canal—he said, "All right, governor; the game is up; help me out."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I had seen two persons and you loitering in Muriel Street—I went down Charlotte Street to try and catch you, but you separated.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence on oath, said that he was by the Canal when three persons ran by him; that he stepped back, as he thought one of them was going to strike him; that he fell into the Canal; that he had not robbed or assaulted the prosecutor, and that if he had done so and wished to escape he could easily have got across the Canal.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19030720-577-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-577-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-577-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi> </p>
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<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony at this Court on November</hi> 21
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1898.
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19030720-577-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-577-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-577-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-577-19030720 t19030720-577-punishment-1"/>Nine other convictions were proved against him. Five years' penal servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">Monday, July</hi> 20
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1903.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="def1-578-19030720" type="surname" value="JAMES"/>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARD JAMES</hi> </persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19030720-578-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-578-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-578-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to
<rs id="t19030720-578-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-578-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-578-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>committing an act of gross indecency with
<persName id="t19030720-name-16">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-16" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-16" type="surname" value="BARNES"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-16" type="given" value="JOHN WILLIAM"/>John William Barnes</persName> </rs>.
<hi rend="italic">He received a good character.
<rs id="t19030720-578-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-578-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-578-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-578-19030720 t19030720-578-punishment-2"/>One month's hard labour</rs> </hi></p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-3-19030720" type="given" value="WILLIAM THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM THOMAS FOWLER</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t19030720-3-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-3-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-3-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>, to feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19030720-name-18" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-18" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-18" type="surname" value="MACDONALD"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-18" type="given" value="ELIZA ANN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19030720-3-offence-1 t19030720-name-18"/>Eliza Ann Macdonald</persName>, his wife being alive.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19030720-3-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-3-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-3-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-3-19030720 t19030720-3-punishment-3"/>Two days' imprisonment</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t19030720-3-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-3-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-3-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-4-19030720" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19030720" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19030720" type="surname" value="BOHRER"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-19030720" type="given" value="ANDREW"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANDREW BOHRER</hi> (37)</persName>
<rs id="t19030720-4-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-4-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-4-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>, to committing acts of indecency with
<persName id="t19030720-name-20">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-20" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-20" type="surname" value="HOWARD"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-20" type="given" value="JOHNNY"/>Johnny Howard</persName> </rs>.
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19030720-4-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-4-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-4-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-4-19030720 t19030720-4-punishment-4"/>Twelve months' hard labour</rs>.</hi>
<rs id="t19030720-4-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-4-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-4-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<p>(581). And the said
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<interp inst="def1-5-19030720" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19030720" type="age" value="14"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-19030720" type="surname" value="HOWARD"/>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHNNY HOWARD</hi> (14)</persName>
<rs id="t19030720-5-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-5-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-5-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>to committing acts of indecency with the said
<persName id="t19030720-name-22">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-22" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-22" type="surname" value="BOHRER"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-22" type="given" value="ANDREW"/>Andrew Bohrer</persName>. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">He received a good character, and his father undertook to look after him, and
<rs id="t19030720-5-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-5-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-5-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-5-19030720 t19030720-5-punishment-5"/>entered into recognisances to bring him up for judgment if called upon</rs>.</hi>
<rs id="t19030720-5-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-5-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-5-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<persName id="def1-582-19030720" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-582-19030720" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-582-19030720" type="age" value="43"/>
<interp inst="def1-582-19030720" type="surname" value="MARSH"/>
<interp inst="def1-582-19030720" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE MARSH</hi> (43)</persName>
<rs id="t19030720-582-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-582-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-582-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="kidnapping"/>, Feloniously taking away
<persName id="t19030720-name-24" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-24" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-24" type="surname" value="CHAPMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-24" type="given" value="EMILY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19030720-582-offence-1 t19030720-name-24"/>Emily Chapman</persName> with intent to deprive her mother of her possession, and with intent to steal her clothing.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-25" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-25" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-25" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-25" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK EDWARDS</persName> </hi> (419
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi>) I am stationed in Hyde Park—I was on duty there on July 15th at 3 a.m., and saw the prisoner lying on the grass about 500 yards from the Marble Arch—a little girl was sleeping with him—I turned my light on him—he jumped up, and I asked him what he did there—he said, "I lost my way"—I said, "Whose child is that?"—he said, "Mine"—I asked him whether it was a girl or a boy; he said "A boy"—I took a handkerchief from the child's face, and said, "It is a girl"—he said, "Yes, I made a mistake, it is a girl, it does not belong to me"—I asked him who it belonged to—he said that he did not know—I asked him where he got the child; he said "At King's Cross"—I asked what time; he said at six o'clock the previous night—I took him to the station, and soon afterwards the mother came and identified the child—he was charged at the station with stealing the child, and also with in
<lb/>decently assaulting her.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner.</hi> All he charged me with was stealing the child.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-26" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-26" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-26" type="surname" value="CHAPMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-26" type="given" value="JANE"/>JANE CHAPMAN</persName> </hi>. This is my little girl—she is five years old—I live at 8, Wroxham Houses, Cromer Street—on June 14th I went out at 7.30 a.m.—I went out leaving the child in the street in front of the house—my mother was at home—I returned between twelve and one, and missed the child—I found her at the police station in the night—she had no drawers on then—she had her drawers on in the morning.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-27" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-27" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-27" type="surname" value="BACCHUS"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-27" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST BACCHUS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police-Sergeant A.</hi>) Edwards brought the prisoner into the station charged with stealing the child—I asked him how he came by the child—he said that he met her at King's Cross, and she told him she was going to the Park, and asked him to go with her—I sent for the mother, who identified her—she had a conversation with the child, and I said to the prisoner, "This girl says that you took off her drawers and put your fingers * * *, and that you have the drawers"—he said, "I have not</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200005"/>
<p>got her drawers"—I said, "What have you there?" pointing; he then produced the drawers, and the mother identified them—he made no reply to the charge.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoners Defence.</hi> I am subject to epileptic fits: she followed me to Hyde Park Corner: I took her home to her mother's, because I knew her: we were not close together, we were thirty yards apart.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-28" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-28" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-28" type="surname" value="CHAPMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-28" type="given" value="JANE"/>JANE CHAPMAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi>) I never knew my child to walk as far as Hyde Park by herself—I do not know that she knew the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19030720-582-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-582-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-582-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Six previous convictions were proved against him, and he had been twice sentenced to seven years' penal servitude. There was another indictment against him for indecently assaulting the child .
<rs id="t19030720-582-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-582-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-582-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-582-19030720 t19030720-582-punishment-6"/>Three years' penal servitude</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, July</hi> 21
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1903.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19030720-583">
<interp inst="t19030720-583" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19030720"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-583" type="date" value="19030720"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19030720-583-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-583-19030720 t19030720-583-offence-1 t19030720-583-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-583-19030720" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-583-19030720" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-583-19030720" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-583-19030720" type="surname" value="ROSENBERG"/>
<interp inst="def1-583-19030720" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN ROSENBERG</hi> (32)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-583-19030720" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-583-19030720" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-583-19030720" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def2-583-19030720" type="surname" value="COSSINS"/>
<interp inst="def2-583-19030720" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRY COSSINS</hi> (31)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-583-19030720" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-583-19030720" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-583-19030720" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def3-583-19030720" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="def3-583-19030720" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRY COLLINS</hi> (23)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19030720-583-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-583-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-583-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to
<rs id="t19030720-583-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-583-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-583-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>conspiring to steal certain moneys of
<persName id="t19030720-name-32" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-32" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19030720-583-offence-1 t19030720-name-32"/>John Lyons and Co., Limited</persName> </rs>.
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the prosecutors.
<rs id="t19030720-583-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-583-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-583-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-583-19030720 t19030720-583-punishment-7"/>Two months each in the second division.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19030720-584">
<interp inst="t19030720-584" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19030720"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-584" type="date" value="19030720"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19030720-584-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-584-19030720 t19030720-584-offence-1 t19030720-584-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-584-19030720" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-584-19030720" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-584-19030720" type="age" value="41"/>
<interp inst="def1-584-19030720" type="surname" value="HODGSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-584-19030720" type="given" value="JASON"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JASON HODGSON</hi> (41)</persName>
<rs id="t19030720-584-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-584-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-584-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Obtaining from
<persName id="t19030720-name-34" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-34" type="surname" value="PAGE"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-34" type="given" value="FREDERICK GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19030720-584-offence-1 t19030720-name-34"/>Frederick George Page</persName> and the
<persName id="t19030720-name-35" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-35" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19030720-584-offence-1 t19030720-name-35"/>East London Rubber Company</persName> a pair of bicycle tyres and £8 7s., with intent to defraud.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>, obtaining from the
<persName id="t19030720-name-36" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-36" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19030720-584-offence-1 t19030720-name-36"/>Dunlop Pneu
<lb/>matic Tyre Company</persName> a pair of bicycle tyres and 19s. 10d., with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-37" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-37" type="surname" value="CLARKE"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-37" type="given" value="PERCIVAL"/>MR. PERCIVAL CLARKE</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-38" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-38" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-38" type="surname" value="PAGE"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-38" type="given" value="FREDERICK GEORGE"/>FREDERICK GEORGE PAGE</persName> </hi>. I live at 211, Shoreditch, and am employed by the East London Rubber Company—we sell tyres—on December 9th a man came in and purchased some tyres—this slip (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) is signed by me—it is dated December 9th, 1901, which should be 1902, "Received from Merlin and Co., Ltd., by cheque, on account of the East London Rubber Company, £2 3s. 10d."—that was in respect of the tyres—he gave me a cheque for £10 10s.—I gave him the tyres and £8 7s. change—this (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) is the cheque—I believed it was a good one.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-39" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-39" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-39" type="surname" value="ENGLAND"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-39" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST ENGLAND</persName> </hi>. On December 9th I was salesman to the East London Rubber Company—the prisoner came in for several things—I knew him as a customer—I think a pair of bicycle tyres was among them—I knew him by being employed by the Merlin Cycle Agency at Highgate—he produced this cheque for £10 10s.—he received the tyres and took them away—the cheque is signed by J. A. Watson—I do not know who he is—it is made payable to Mr. J. Hodgson.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> I had seen you in the shop before—I should not have asked you where you came from, because I knew—you would not have got credit for the tyres if you had asked for it—it is the custom in our house not to grant any credit on the word of a messenger unless we have a written order—I parted with the tyres and the change under the belief that the cheque was a good one—you have changed other cheques at our place.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200006"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-40" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-40" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-40" type="surname" value="CAMP"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-40" type="given" value="HUBERT"/>HUBERT CAMP</persName> </hi>. I live at 160, Clerkenwell Road, and am a salesman to the Dunlop Pneumatic Tyre Company—in April the prisoner came late in the evening to our place of business—I had seen him before—he brought this paper (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>), "One pair of roadster and one pair racing 1 1/2 inch Merlin"—I took that to be the Merlin Cycle Company—I gave him the two pairs of tyres, value £4 7s. 8d.—he gave me this cheque for £5 7s. 6d.—it is made out to J. Hodgson in the name of Thomas W. Roberts—it is endorsed by J. Hodgson—I thought it was a good one—it was passed into the bank—it was returned marked "No account"—I gave him 19s. 10d. change—I saw no more of him—I thought the written order was a genuine one from the Merlin people.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The Merlin order is not in my writing—it is in the same condition as it was when you brought it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-41" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-41" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-41" type="surname" value="GREVILLE"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-41" type="given" value="SIDNEY"/>SIDNEY GREVILLE</persName> </hi>. I live at 77, Archway Road, and am a cycle agent trading as the Merlin Cycle Agency—this slip of paper signed in the name of Merlin was not written by me or by my authority—some time ago the prisoner worked for me—he ceased to do so about July last—I did not give him an order to buy any tyres in December.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You did not work for me in November—the writing on the order is somewhat like yours—I cannot swear that it is yours.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-42" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-42" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-42" type="surname" value="BUCK"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-42" type="given" value="ALFRED JOHN"/>ALFRED JOHN BUCK</persName> </hi>. I am cashier in the London County Bank, High Street, Putney—this cheque F 72295 was presented there for payment about the end of December—we have no customer named Thomas W. Roberts—there was no account to meet it—I returned it—it is from a book issued to Mr. Sillcock, who was the proprietor of the Star and Garter at Putney—he stopped payments on cheques in that book—this other cheque 72297 was also presented at the bank and dishonoured.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-43" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-43" type="surname" value="PALFREY"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-43" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN PALFREY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective.</hi>) On July 7th I arrested the prisoner at Northampton—I said, "Is your name Jason Hodgson?"—he said, "Yes, better known as
<hi rend="italic">Jack</hi>"—I took it that he meant his name was John—I told him he would be taken to London and charged with two cases of forging and uttering cheques—I showed him a cheque that I had in my possession, and asked him if it was his endorsement—he said it was—I showed him the receipt from the East London Rubber Company—he said, "I got a pair of tyres with another cheque"—I then told him he would be charged with forging and uttering cheques at the Dunlop Company and the East London Rubber Company—he was brought to London—I charged him—he said, "I will tell you all about it"—In reply to the charge at the station he said, "I uttered the cheques and got the things, but I did not know where the cheques came from."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You did not say "I did not know they were bad"—I wrote down what you said five minutes after you said it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence, said that he met two men in a public-house, who said they wanted some tyres; that they gave him the cheques; that he changed them, got the tyres and the change, which he gave to the men, and charged them 1s. each, profit for himself; and that he did not know that the cheques were forged.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19030720-584-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-584-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-584-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony at Leicester</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200007"/>
<hi rend="italic">on January</hi> 3
<hi rend="italic">rd</hi>, 1900,
<hi rend="italic">and two other convictions were proved against him.
<rs id="t19030720-584-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-584-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-584-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-584-19030720 t19030720-584-punishment-8"/>Eighteen months' hard labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, July</hi> 21
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1903.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19030720-585">
<interp inst="t19030720-585" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19030720"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-585" type="date" value="19030720"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19030720-585-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-585-19030720 t19030720-585-offence-1 t19030720-585-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-585-19030720" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-585-19030720" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-585-19030720" type="surname" value="HACKETT"/>
<interp inst="def1-585-19030720" type="given" value="EDWARD FOSTER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD FOSTER HACKETT</hi> </persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19030720-585-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-585-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-585-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to
<rs id="t19030720-585-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-585-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-585-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>em
<lb/>bezzling £20 0s. 6d. and £4 15s. 3d., and an order for the payment of £33 19s. 11d. received by him on account of a co-partnership between himself and
<persName id="t19030720-name-45">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-45" type="surname" value="MEEKING"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-45" type="given" value="THOMAS ARTHUR"/>Thomas Arthur Meeking</persName> </rs>.
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19030720-585-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-585-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-585-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-585-19030720 t19030720-585-punishment-9"/>One month in the second division.</rs> </hi></p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19030720-10">
<interp inst="t19030720-10" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19030720"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-10" type="date" value="19030720"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19030720-10-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-19030720 t19030720-10-offence-1 t19030720-10-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19030720-10-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-10-19030720 t19030720-10-offence-1 t19030720-10-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-10-19030720" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-10-19030720" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19030720" type="age" value="57"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19030720" type="surname" value="ABRAHAMS"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-19030720" type="given" value="ISAAC"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ISAAC ABRAHAMS</hi> (57)</persName>
<rs id="t19030720-10-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-10-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-10-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bankrupcy"/>, to obtaining goods on credit from Frank Chorlton Lingard,
<persName id="t19030720-name-47" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-47" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-47" type="surname" value="MEAS"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-47" type="given" value="HERMAN LUDWIG"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19030720-10-offence-1 t19030720-name-47"/>Herman Ludwig Meas</persName> and another, and
<persName id="t19030720-name-48" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-48" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-48" type="surname" value="RICHARDSON"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-48" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19030720-10-offence-1 t19030720-name-48"/>Annie Richard
<lb/>son</persName>, without informing them that he was an undischarged bankrupt</rs>;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to
<rs id="t19030720-10-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-10-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-10-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>concealing 1,000 shares in the
<persName id="t19030720-name-49" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-49" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19030720-10-offence-2 t19030720-name-49"/>Colt Gun Carriage Company</persName> from the trustee administering his estate, with intent to defraud</rs>.
<hi rend="italic">Five days' imprisonment; he having made restitution.</hi>
<rs id="t19030720-10-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-10-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-10-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19030720-587">
<interp inst="t19030720-587" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19030720"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-587" type="date" value="19030720"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19030720-587-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-587-19030720 t19030720-587-offence-1 t19030720-587-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-587-19030720" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-587-19030720" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-587-19030720" type="age" value="55"/>
<interp inst="def1-587-19030720" type="surname" value="HAYES"/>
<interp inst="def1-587-19030720" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM HAYES</hi> (55)</persName>
<rs id="t19030720-587-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-587-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-587-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="indecentAssault"/>, Indecently assaulting
<persName id="t19030720-name-51" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-51" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-51" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-51" type="given" value="DAVID"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19030720-587-offence-1 t19030720-name-51"/>David Wright</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. KENT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>, and
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TURRELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19030720-587-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-587-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-587-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19030720-587-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-587-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-587-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-587-19030720 t19030720-587-punishment-10"/>Three days' imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19030720-588">
<interp inst="t19030720-588" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19030720"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-588" type="date" value="19030720"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19030720-588-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-588-19030720 t19030720-588-offence-1 t19030720-588-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19030720-588-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-588-19030720 t19030720-588-offence-1 t19030720-588-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-588-19030720" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-588-19030720" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-588-19030720" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-588-19030720" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def1-588-19030720" type="given" value="WILLIAM JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM JAMES BROWN</hi> (23)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-588-19030720" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-588-19030720" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-588-19030720" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def2-588-19030720" type="surname" value="MCGUIRE"/>
<interp inst="def2-588-19030720" type="given" value="PATSY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PATSY MCGUIRE</hi> (29)</persName>
<rs id="t19030720-588-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-588-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-588-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, Breaking and entering the shop of
<persName id="t19030720-name-54" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-54" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19030720-588-offence-1 t19030720-name-54"/>N. Thierry, Limited</persName>, and stealing a pair of shoes and other articles their property. </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MCGUIRE</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19030720-588-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-588-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-588-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FULTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-55" type="surname" value="EAMES"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-55" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES EAMES</persName> </hi> (468
<hi rend="italic">H.</hi>) On June 23rd, about 10 a.m., I saw Brown in Hanbury Street, Spitalfields, carrying a brown paper parcel—the paper was torn, and I saw a new boot protruding—I stopped him and looked in the parcel, and found three left boots with lasts in them—I asked him where he got them from, and he said he picked them up down the street—I was not satisfied with that, and took him to Commercial Street Police Station—I afterwards received information that a window had been broken at Messrs. Thierry's shop, 7, Eastcheap, and some boots stolen—Brown was then taken to the Minories and charged with the offence.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Brown.</hi> You did not tell me you got the boots from a man down the street.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-56" type="surname" value="PEARSON"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-56" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY PEARSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant, City.</hi>) On June 23rd, about 11.30 a.m., I went to Commercial Street Police Station, and saw Brown detained—I asked him where he got the boots from that he had in his possession when Eames stopped him, he said, "I had them given to me by some man"—I told him a shop had been broken into by smashing a plate glass window, and the boots were some of the property stolen—he said, "I do not know anything about that"—I told him I should take him to the nearest police station to Eastcheap, where he would be charged with breaking and entering a shop, No. 7, Eastcheap—he was taken to the Minories and charged—in reply, he said, "I do not know anything about the smashing of the window; hill I know is, I had them boots given to me"—I asked him about a pair</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200008"/>
<p>of white shoes that were also stolen—he said, "I do not know anything about the white shoes, you had better ask the other
<hi rend="italic">blokes</hi> about them; "I said, "Who are the other
<hi rend="italic">blokes</hi>?. he said, "If you go down Brick Lane, you are bound to find them, and if you do not find them there, you might find them down at the docks"—I believe he gave a description of the men to Constable Pryer.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-57" type="surname" value="RIDLER"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-57" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES RIDLER</persName> </hi>. I am a salesman in the employ of Messrs. Thierry, Limited, trading as Treadwell Brothers, at 7, Eastcheap—I left the shop intact at 7.30 on the evening of the 22nd—at 8.45 a.m. on the 23rd I found the window had been broken, and certain articles missing—these three left boots (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) are part of the stock that was stolen, and I identify them as Messrs. Thierry's property—I produce the right boots to each of them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19030720-588-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-588-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-588-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction for felony at the North London Sessions on August</hi> 12
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1902,
<hi rend="italic">and another conviction was proved against him.</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MCGUIRE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">then</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction on October</hi> 21
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1902,
<hi rend="italic">at the North London Sessions of being found in the possession of housebreaking implements by night.</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BROWN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19030720-588-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-588-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-588-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-588-19030720 t19030720-588-punishment-11"/>Twelve months' hard labour.</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MCGUIRE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19030720-588-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-588-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-588-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-588-19030720 t19030720-588-punishment-12"/>Six Months' hard labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19030720-589">
<interp inst="t19030720-589" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19030720"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-589" type="date" value="19030720"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19030720-589-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-589-19030720 t19030720-589-offence-1 t19030720-589-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19030720-589-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-589-19030720 t19030720-589-offence-1 t19030720-589-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-589-19030720" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-589-19030720" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-589-19030720" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-589-19030720" type="surname" value="DANIELS"/>
<interp inst="def1-589-19030720" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALEXANDER DANIELS</hi> (33)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-589-19030720" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-589-19030720" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-589-19030720" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def2-589-19030720" type="surname" value="MARKS"/>
<interp inst="def2-589-19030720" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRY MARKS</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t19030720-589-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-589-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-589-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t19030720-name-60" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-60" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-60" type="given" value="ANDREW"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19030720-589-offence-1 t19030720-name-60"/>Andrew Thompson</persName>, and stealing a knife and other articles and 4s. his money.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-61" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-61" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-61" type="surname" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-61" type="given" value="JOYCE"/>MR. JOYCE THOMAS</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi> and
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. KEITH FRITH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended Marks.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-62" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-62" type="given" value="ANDREW"/>ANDREW THOMPSON</persName> </hi>. I am a Norwegian, and a ship's carpenter, and live at the Sailors' Home, Wells Street, E.—about 9.30 p.m., on June 22nd, I was in Gower's Walk—Daniels asked me to have a drink—I said I did not want any drink, and was going home—he then got hold of me by the throat, and held me back while two or three other men
<hi rend="italic">went down</hi> my pockets—they took 4s., a knife, a key, and some tobacco—my throat is painful now.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Daniels.</hi> I did not tell any woman in Leman Street that I did not want to charge you, but that the police had persuaded me to.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FRITH</hi>. I did say at the police station that the two prisoners had nothing to do with it—I was confused then, and hardly knew what I was talking about.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-63" type="surname" value="PALMER"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-63" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR PALMER</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer, of 32, Jamaica Street—about 9.50 p.m., on June 22nd, I was in Gower's Walk—I saw the prosecutor on the ground, and Daniels leaning over him—he appeared to be robbing him—Marks and three other men were standing close round—I raised an alarm, and Detective Cornish came up—the prisoners and the other men then ran away in different directions—I followed Daniels—he ran 20 or 30 yards before being stopped by Cornish—I never lost sight of him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FRITH</hi>. Marks was standing by at the time of the robbery; I cannot say whether he took any part in it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-64" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-64" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-64" type="surname" value="GOLDSTEIN"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-64" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID GOLDSTEIN</persName> </hi>. I am 11 years old, and live at 52, Gower's Walk—I was in the Walk about 10 to 10 on June 22nd—I saw Thompson on the ground and Daniels on top of him—Marks and three or four other men</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200009"/>
<p>were standing round—I called out, and a private policeman came up—the men then ran away—I saw the private policeman catch Daniels—I did not lose sight of him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-65" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-65" type="surname" value="CORNISH"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-65" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE CORNISH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant H.</hi>) About 9.50 p.m., on June 22nd, I was in Gower's Walk—I saw Daniels walking arm in arm with the prosecutor, and Marks and two other men were walking close behind—there was suddenly a struggle, and Daniels and the prosecutor fell into the road together—I was some little distance away, and could not see exactly what took place—someone shouted "Police," and the men ran away in various directions—the two prisoners came towards me under cover of a dark wall—I stopped them and said I was a police officer, and asked them what they had been up to—Daniels said, "I was only running after the others; I did not rob the man; it was the others"—Marks said, "I do not know anything about it; "I was making water up against the wall when they done it"—they struggled to get away—while I was holding them, the prosecutor came up and said, "That is two of the men that robbed me"—when assistance came, they were taken to the station—when charged, Daniels said, "All right, "Marks made no reply—I searched them, and found threepence and a knife on Daniels, and 2s. 6d. in silver and 1s. 1d. in bronze on Marks.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Daniels.</hi> I did not ask you at any time if you had been previously convicted, and say that if you had not I would make up a charge against you.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FRITH</hi>. Goldstein did not tell me that Marks was on the opposite side of the road and was not one of the men—I did not hear the prosecutor say to the Inspector at the station, "You two did nothing to me"—he was quite sober.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoners' statements before the Magistrate. Daniels says</hi>, "Detective Cornish asked me if I had ever been convicted, and said if I had not he would make a charge against me. They seized Marks first and asked what the charge was, then prosecutor said he had been robbed."
<hi rend="italic">Marks says</hi>, "I was going towards my aunt's shop, and stopped to make water, when I heard a cry of 'Stop thief,' and found the detective on top of me. I wish the man's wife to give evidence."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Evidence for Daniels.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-66" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-66" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-66" type="surname" value="DANIELS"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-66" type="given" value="HARRIET"/>HARRIET DANIELS</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Alexander Daniels—about a week after he was arrested I saw the prosecutor in Leman Street—I had a conversation with him and he said, "It was not the dark man who
<hi rend="italic">done</hi> it at all, it was a very tall man who
<hi rend="italic">done</hi> it"—and as I was walking away he said, "A private policeman came behind me, and I said, 'I know who has done it, the black man has done it, give him in charge.' and as the private policeman pressed me to give him in charge I
<hi rend="italic">done</hi> so."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. THOMAS</hi>. The prosecutor denied at the police court having any such conversation with me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-67" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-67" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-67" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-67" type="given" value="ANDREW"/>ANDREW THOMPSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi>) I did not have any such conver
<lb/>sation with Mrs. Daniels as she says.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Marks in his defence on oath, said that he had been in the Royal Engineers</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200010"/>
<hi rend="italic">and had served in China; that he left the Service on October</hi> 24
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1902,
<hi rend="italic">with a pension of</hi> 6d.
<hi rend="italic">a day; that he was now living with his aunt, and on June</hi> 22
<hi rend="italic">nd had been sent on an errand by her; that he was making water against the wall in Gower's Walk when he heard a cry of ‘stop thief' and was at once seized by Cornish; that he did not know Daniels, and had nothing whatever to do with the robbery.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Evidence for Marks.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-68" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-68" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-68" type="surname" value="LEVY"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-68" type="given" value="EVI"/>EVI LEVY</persName> </hi>. I live at 23, Phillip Street—Marks is my nephew—he works for me—on June 22nd I sent him to buy some trimmings—during the time he has been with me he has kept good company and good hours, and I have never heard anything against his character.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. THOMAS</hi>. I did not give evidence at the police court.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DANIELS</hi>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19030720-589-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-589-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-589-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19030720-589-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-589-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-589-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-589-19030720 t19030720-589-punishment-13"/>Eighteen months' hard labour.</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARKS</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19030720-589-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-589-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-589-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, July</hi> 21
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1903.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before J. A. Rentoul, Esq., K.C.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19030720-590">
<interp inst="t19030720-590" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19030720"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-590" type="date" value="19030720"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19030720-590-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-590-19030720 t19030720-590-offence-1 t19030720-590-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-590-19030720" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-590-19030720" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-590-19030720" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-590-19030720" type="surname" value="GRANT"/>
<interp inst="def1-590-19030720" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM GRANT</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t19030720-590-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-590-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-590-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence with another person unknown, on
<persName id="t19030720-name-70" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-70" type="surname" value="ADAMS"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-70" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19030720-590-offence-1 t19030720-name-70"/>James Adams</persName>, and stealing a watch and chain, his property.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MAY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-71" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-71" type="surname" value="ADAMS"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-71" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES ADAMS</persName> </hi>. I am a painter of 125, Rodswell Road, E.—on May 23rd I was in the Cape of Good Hope public house, Limehouse, about 11.45 p.m.—the prisoner spoke to me—I told him I did not wish to have anything to do with him—we were drinking ale—I walked outside—he followed—he talked about being in Q Battery of the Royal Artillery—on the pavement he snatched my watch and chain, value £1—another man knocked me down with a crutch—the chain broke—the prisoner left a little bit of the bar—I got up—the prisoner ran away—the value of the watch and chain is £1—in July I picked the prisoner out from nine other men—I have no doubt about him—when waiting for the Inspector to book the charge 'he said, "I did not knock you down, did I, Sir?"—I said, "No, but you are the man that had my watch and chain."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-72" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-72" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-72" type="surname" value="CRUTCHETT"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-72" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED CRUTCHETT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant H.</hi>) I had the prisoner in custody when the prosecutor identified him—I asked him if he was satisfied with his position with the men he was put up with—he said, "Yes"—when charged he said to the prosecutor, "Did I strike you, Sir?"—the prose
<lb/>cutor said, "No"—he said, "Thank you."</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence, said that his hand teas crippled; that he knew nothing about it; and that the man who struck the prosecutor had been sent to prison for six months.</hi> </p>
<rs id="t19030720-590-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-590-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-590-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of robbery.</hi> </rs> (
<hi rend="italic">See next case.</hi>)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19030720-591">
<interp inst="t19030720-591" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19030720"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-591" type="date" value="19030720"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19030720-591-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-591-19030720 t19030720-591-offence-1 t19030720-591-verdict-1"/>
<p>591. The said
<persName id="def1-591-19030720" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-591-19030720" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-591-19030720" type="surname" value="GRANT"/>
<interp inst="def1-591-19030720" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM GRANT</hi> </persName> was again indicted
<rs id="t19030720-591-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-591-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-591-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>for feloniously assaulting with others unknown, and with violence,
<persName id="t19030720-name-74" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-74" type="surname" value="LEIJONHJELM"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-74" type="given" value="ERIC"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19030720-591-offence-1 t19030720-name-74"/>Eric Leijonhjelm</persName>, and stealing a watch and chain and 7s., his property.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200011"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ARNOLD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-75" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-75" type="surname" value="LEIJONHJELM"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-75" type="given" value="ERIC"/>ERIC LEIJONHJELM</persName> </hi>. I am a retired sea captain—I live at 7, West India Dock Road—on June 23rd I was walking down Cable Street, between 4 and 5 p.m.—the prisoner slapped me on the back—I turned round—he grabbed hold of my two arms and held me while six or seven other men robbed me of my watch and chain and about 7s. in money—the value altogether is about £1—I identified him at the police station—I have no doubt he is the man—I do not want him punished.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> The detective said, "If that is the man, do not be frightened, touch him."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> He did not point him out—I was slow in operation.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-76" type="surname" value="COHEN"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-76" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN COHEN</persName> </hi>. I am getting on for ten years old—I live at 138, Cable Street, with my mother—I remember coming out of school in Bett Street on Tuesday, June 23rd, at 4.30 p.m.—I saw the prisoner in Cable Street holding an old gentleman by his arms with both hands, while six or seven others took his money—they ran down Bett Street towards St. George's Street—I picked the prisoner out at the police station from six or seven men in a line—when I was in the waiting room I heard the old gentleman had picked the prisoner out.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> After leaving school at 4.30 I had a little game—my sister called me to come to tea, and when she had called me again and I had got to my house it was 5.15.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-77" type="surname" value="CRUTCHETT"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-77" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED CRUTCHETT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant H.</hi>) I took the prisoner into custody on July 2nd, in Whitechapel Road—he made no reply when charged—the prosecutor and the boy identified him at the station from eight other men—I told him to place himself where he liked, and he said he was perfectly satisfied.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You had not to stand by a man with a small moustache. (
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner was clean shaved</hi>).</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> At the police court the prisoner said to the prosecutor, "I only had my moustache shaven off on the Monday."</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner in his defence on oath, said that he was not there; that he knew nothing about it; and that it was impossible for him to hold the gentle
<lb/>man as he had only two fingers, and a weak wrist.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Witness for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-78" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-78" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-78" type="surname" value="GRANT"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-78" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN GRANT</persName> </hi>. I am the prisoner's wife—I went to the prosecutor and said, "I am given to understand you charged my husband with robbing you"—he said, "I believe it is him"—I said, "I want to be certain it is my husband, I do not believe he could have done such a thing"—he said, "I think it is him"—I said, "You must not think, because you will send him to prison instant."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19030720-591-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-591-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-591-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Three other convictions were proved against him; and he was stated to be an associate of dangerous thieves.
<rs id="t19030720-591-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-591-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-591-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-591-19030720 t19030720-591-punishment-14"/>Two years' hard labour on each indictment, to run concurrently</rs>.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">The Judge here adjourned into the Old Court.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19030720-591a">
<interp inst="t19030720-591a" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19030720"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-591a" type="date" value="19030720"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19030720-591a-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-591a-19030720 t19030720-591a-offence-1 t19030720-591a-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-591a-19030720" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-591a-19030720" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-591a-19030720" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-591a-19030720" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-591a-19030720" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES WILSON</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t19030720-591a-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-591a-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-591a-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>", Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t19030720-name-80" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-80" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-80" type="surname" value="HOOKER"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-80" type="given" value="JENNY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19030720-591a-offence-1 t19030720-name-80"/>Jenny Hooker</persName> and stealing a chatelaine bag and other articles, her property.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200012"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ARNOLD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-81" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-81" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-81" type="surname" value="HOOKER"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-81" type="given" value="JENNY"/>JENNY HOOKER</persName> </hi>. I am a milliner, of 61, Leopold's Buildings, Columbia Road—I am single—on Thursday, July 2nd, about 7.45 p.m., I was walking along the Hackney Road at the top of Cooper's Gardens, wearing a chatelaine bag on my left side—it contained a purse, two keys, and 3 1/4d., value half a crown—a lad with rubber shoes punched me in the side—he struck me—I was stunned—he was the same height as the prisoner, but I cannot swear to him, he was too quick—he dashed down Cooper's Gardens—a young fellow came up and asked me what he had got—I learned afterwards that he was a detective—I went to the police station and saw the prisoner, but could not identify him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-82" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-82" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-82" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-82" type="given" value="ADA"/>ADA BROWN</persName> </hi>. I am single and live at 13, Gascoyne Place. Bethnal Green Road—on Thursday, July 2nd, about 7.45 p.m., I was standing at my mother's door—the prisoner ran by—when he had got to the bottom of the passage he halloaed out, "Don't touch me, the police are after me"—he ran to the back where we have an entrance—a few people helped me to get hold of him—he was hiding for about a quarter of an hour—I called a policeman who came and arrested him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-83" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-83" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-83" type="surname" value="HAWKER"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-83" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS HAWKER</persName> </hi> (420
<hi rend="italic">H.</hi>) About 8 p.m. on July 2nd, I received information, and went to 1.3, Gascoyne Place—two women were holding the prisoner against the wall—I said to him that I was told that he had snatched a bag from a lady in the Hackney Road, and had run through 13, Gascoyne Place, to get away—he said, "I never ran through any house"—I saw the prosecutor on the way to the station—on searching the prisoner at the station he handed me 3d., and in his left hand hip pocket I found a farthing—the bag and the purse were brought to the police station subsequently—in reply to the charge he said, "All right."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-84" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-84" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-84" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK JOHNSON</persName> </hi>. I live at 85, Virginia Road—I clean and dust the building, 13. Gascoyne Place—on July 2nd, about 9 p.m., I found the prisoner in Gascoyne Place in one of the w.c.'s with the door open—I reported to the caretaker, who took him into custody—I found these keys—I took them to the police station.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-85" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-85" type="surname" value="COOPER"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-85" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>BENJAMIN COOPER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">L. and N.W. Detective.</hi>) I was in Cooper's Gardens on July 2nd from 6 p.m. till one the next morning—about 8 p.m. I saw the lady near Cooper's Gardens, and the prisoner rush and nearly knock her off the pavement—I went to her and advised her to go to the station—I saw the assault—I was watching a house for the L. & N.W. Railway Company—I ran after the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner said that he had no work except in the hopping season.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19030720-591a-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-591a-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-591a-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony at Enfield on April</hi> 20
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1903.
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19030720-591a-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-591a-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-591a-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-591a-19030720 t19030720-591a-punishment-15"/>Three months hard labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19030720-593">
<interp inst="t19030720-593" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19030720"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-593" type="date" value="19030720"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19030720-593-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-593-19030720 t19030720-593-offence-1 t19030720-593-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-593-19030720" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-593-19030720" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-593-19030720" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-593-19030720" type="surname" value="FRIERT"/>
<interp inst="def1-593-19030720" type="given" value="PAUL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PAUL FRIERT</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t19030720-593-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-593-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-593-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/>, Stealing a gelding, a set of harness, and a cab, the property of
<persName id="t19030720-name-87" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-87" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-87" type="surname" value="TROWBRIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-87" type="given" value="GEORGE ISAAC"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19030720-593-offence-1 t19030720-name-87"/>George Isaac Trowbridge</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FITCH</hi> and
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WHITELEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-88" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-88" type="surname" value="TROWBRIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-88" type="given" value="GEORGE ISAAC"/>GEORGE ISAAC TROWBRIDGE</persName> </hi>. I am a cab proprietor of 63, White Lion Street—on December 31st I was out with my cab and an oldish bay</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200013"/>
<p>gelding till about 12.30 or 12.45 a.m. when I missed them—I gave infor
<lb/>mation to the police—about 7 a.m. I found the cab in Ferdinand Street—it is worth about £60, and the horse and the harness about £15, which I next saw at Walthamstow, where Detective Buckstone took me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-89" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-89" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-89" type="surname" value="ARTHY"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-89" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES ARTHY</persName> </hi>. I am a baker of 427, High Street, Manor Park—on January 1st the prisoner and two others left with me a horse and set of harness—one of them said he had had a mishap and wanted to put his horse up—the prisoner led the horse into the stable—they went away and did not return—I gave information to the police—I saw Trowbridge take it away.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-90" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-90" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-90" type="surname" value="BUXTON"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-90" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES BUXTON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant D.</hi>) I told the prisoner at Totten
<lb/>ham Police Station on July 8th that I was a police officer, and that he would be charged with stealing a horse and cab from Charlotte Street on the night of December 31st—I said, "You drove the horse to Romford, and from there to Stratford where you left it"—he said, "I will tell you the truth. A man named Muller came to me with the horse with another man about 2 in the morning, and asked me to go for a drive; we all went to Romford and got stopped by the police, and enquiries were made. Afterwards we were allowed to go. We drove the horse to Stratford. It was very tired, and wanted food. We left it at a baker's in the High Street. We had no intention to steal it. We never offered it for sale. Four days after that I found the horse had been stolen."</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner's statement before the Magistrate.</hi> "I met Muller in a public house. He brought me this horse and trap and said, 'Come for a drive. We went to our mews and there another man (Scotch Tom) joined us, and we drove to Romford. Stopped by the police there Muller told them the horse and trap belonged to my brother. They passed us, but the horse got tired, and we put it up at Stratford. We were all drunk."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19030720-593-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-593-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-593-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19030720-594">
<interp inst="t19030720-594" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19030720"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-594" type="date" value="19030720"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19030720-594-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-594-19030720 t19030720-594-offence-1 t19030720-594-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-594-19030720" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-594-19030720" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-594-19030720" type="age" value="51"/>
<interp inst="def1-594-19030720" type="surname" value="CURGERPERSONG"/>
<interp inst="def1-594-19030720" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BENJAMIN CURGERPERSONG</hi> (51)</persName>
<rs id="t19030720-594-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-594-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-594-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/> (
<hi rend="italic">A negro</hi>), Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t19030720-name-92" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-92" type="surname" value="BEANEY"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-92" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19030720-594-offence-1 t19030720-name-92"/>William Beaney</persName> with intent to do him grevious bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROOTH</hi> and
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GANZ</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEYCESTER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-93" type="surname" value="BEANEY"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-93" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BEANEY</persName> </hi>. I am a reservist, and lived at 4, Queen Street, Edgware Road, in the beginning of June, with my brother Alfred with the object of finding employment as a commissionaire—on Sunday, June 21st, about 5 p.m., I was walking towards Brook Green with my brother and Horace Apps—we were going to Shepherd's Bush to get a tram to come to the Edgware Road—as we were crossing the road Apps said, "There is a black man," my brother said, "That is the big wheel," and pointed to it with his stick—as I looked at it I heard someone say, "If you want to f—me, f—me"—then I felt something warm trickling down my neck—I put my hand up, and found I was bleeding—I turned and saw the prisoner running away after he had made another couple of stabs at me—my brother ran after him—I next saw my brother on the ground, and the native over him—I ran and caught him and handed him over to the police—these are the clothes I was wearing (
<hi rend="italic">Produced.</hi>)—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200014"/>
<p>there is a 5-inch mark in the back of the coat—I became dazed and found myself in a cab being taken to the hospital—I was attended to by Dr. James Baxter.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> This black man attacked the three of us without provocation—Apps did not say "Look at that black f—r"—he said, "There's a nigger"—I did not hear the prisoner say, "Why should you insult me? I go along the street not insulting you or anyone else"—I did not put myself in a fighting attitude—my brother did not take his coat off—the prisoner struck me at the back of my head—I never saw him in the gutter—I did not pull him back from trying to get over the railings—I did not see him down at all—my brother had a cane which was broken.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-94" type="surname" value="BEANEY"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-94" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED BEANEY</persName> </hi>. I lived with my brother and was with him and Apps at the time of this occurrence—I was invalided home last year with an Army pension after five years' service—in the Roman Road Apps said, "There's a black man"—I said, "There's the big wheel" and Apps pointed with his stick—my brother said, "Bother the big wheel, let's get home to tea"—the prisoner came up and struck my brother at the back of his head—I noticed blood running down his face—the prisoner ran away—I ran and caught him, he kicked me on my stomach, I hit him across his face with my stick which broke in half—the prisoner ran and stabbed me through my watch and stopped the works when I fell on the ground—that was about 25 yards from where he stabbed my brother in Brook Green Road—I was taken to the doctor's—I became uncon
<lb/>scious—I was detained in the West London Hospital 10 days and am still an out patient.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I gave my evidence after my brother at the police court—I said that the prisoner struck my brother on the left side of his face—it was at the back of his ear, with his right hand—the prisoner did not ask us not to insult him—I did not put myself in a fighting attitude, nor take my coat off: none of us did—I did not see the prisoner in the gutter, nor kick him, nor pull him back from the railings—when he was in custody I said, "Let me get at him."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> None of us attacked the prisoner—I was excited.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-95" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-95" type="surname" value="APPS"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-95" type="given" value="HORACE"/>HORACE APPS</persName> </hi>. I am a butcher of 21, Loveridge Road, Brondesbury—I was with William and Alfred Beaney in Brook Green—I said, "There's a black man"—Alfred said, "You can see the big wheel"—William said, "F—the big wheel, come home to tea"—the prisoner came up and said, "If you are going to f—me you had better do so," and struck William—I saw William bleeding from his neck—I next saw Alfred in a hansom—we did not attack the prisoner till the blow was struck and he ran away.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> We had just got off the pavement when William was struck from behind—nobody had touched the prisoner then—I did not see the prisoner kicked, nor on the ground—I stood still—I picked up a hat.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-96" type="surname" value="NOBLE"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-96" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>DANIEL NOBLE</persName> </hi>. I live at 5, Milsom Road, West Kensington—on Sunday, June 21st, I was on the Brook Green about 5 p.m.—I saw the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200015"/>
<p>prisoner stab William Beaney; Alfred Beaney ran after him—the prisoner ran backwards—I next saw Alfred on the ground.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I first made a statement the same evening to the Inspector at the police station—the Sergeant wrote it down—the prisoner ran about six yards.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-97" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-97" type="surname" value="HAMMOND"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-97" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK HAMMOND</persName> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">T</hi> 252). I arrested the prisoner on June 21st, about 5.20 p.m., at Caithness Road, Hammersmith—William Beaney was about ten yards away on the footpath with another man—the prisoner said, "I did it when they drove me to it"—he handed me this knife.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prisoner came up to me of his own accord—Alfred Beaney tried to get at the prisoner—the prisoner was marked on his left ear—he said it was done with a cane—it was bleeding—I picked up a bamboo cane—the knife was shut when it was handed to me—there are two blades and a champagne opener—at the station the prisoner said, "That is what I done it with, the champagne opener"—he was upset, hot and exhausted when he came to me—he said these men had set upon him, kicked him, and knocked him down in the gutter—I saw Alfred's coat off when he was attended by Dr. Sheppard—I had seen the prisoner about 5.10 p.m. standing quietly at the corner of a street and quite sober.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-98" type="surname" value="BEANY"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-98" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED BEANY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi>) My coat was not taken off till I took it off in the hospital—if it was taken off and put on again at the doctor's I must have been unconscious—it might have been torn off in the struggle with the prisoner—it is cut twice through the lining—it is a new coat—there is a cut on the waistcoat.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-99" type="surname" value="BAXTER"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-99" type="given" value="JAMES MOORHEAD"/>JAMES MOORHEAD BAXTER</persName> </hi>. I am a registered medical practitioner, and on the staff at the West Lnodon Hospital—I examined the two Beaneys—William had an incised wound about 5 in. long and an inch deep on the left side of his neck, severing the muscles—there was a good deal of hoemorrhage going on—it could have been done with this cham
<lb/>pagne opener, but I should think it was more likely done by a sharper instrument like the blade of a knife—William was detained six days—he was under my care till I left the hospital.</p>
<p>—Rush (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector.</hi>) I am stationed at Hammersmith, and was on duty, at the station on June 21st, when the prisoner and the prosecutors were brought in—I went with the Beaneys to the hospital, and returned to the station, where the prisoner made this statement, which I took down: "I was standing at the corner of Rowan Road at 5.15 p.m. Then I walked down Brook Green, and looked at a new building, and was admiring it. I walked slowly back till I got within five or six yards of Rowan Road again. I then stood and looked at some children playing, when all at once my attention was called to three men, one saying to the other,' Look at that black f—.'I says,' Gentlemen, why should you try to insult a gentleman. I try to go along the road without insulting you or anyone else? "With that they came over to me in a fighting attitude, saying, 'Who the b—f—are you; can you do anything? "I says, 'I am a gentleman, I hope.' One said to the other, 'Bill, give him one,' which he immediately set about doing, pulling his coat off at the same time,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200016"/>
<p>but I stepped back. The two men then struck at me, and I kicked one in the stomach. Soon as I did that one struck me in the face with a stick, which broke the stick and knocked me down. One man then kicked me, and the other punched me, and it was then, and not till then, that I drew the knife and cut at them. Signed, Benjamin Curgerpersong.
<hi rend="italic">Witness</hi>: Arthur Allen, Sergeant T Division, 21st June, 1903."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have made inquiries and find the prisoner is of very good character—he is an actor, and is playing Uncle Tom in "Uncle Tom's Cabin."</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence on oath, repeated his statement to the officer, and added that he only struck out with the knife in all directions in his own defence, as he was one to three and did not know what else to do.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Evidence for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-100" type="surname" value="MORRIS"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-100" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY MORRIS</persName> </hi>. I am a van guard, and live at 3, Mapler Buildings, West Kensington—on Sunday, June 21st, I was with Kimmins, another lad, in Caithness Road, Brook Green—Kimmins said, "Look," and I saw a black man on the ground and William and Alfred Beaney jumping on him—when they got into the Mapler Road the black man rushed at them and stabbed them with a knife, and put his knee in William's stomach and ran away towards Shepherd's Bush Road and Brook Green—he tried to get over a rail, and one of the men pulled him back into the gutter on his knees, and I saw Alfred hitting him—then the prisoner got up and stabbed him three or four times with his right hand—he ran away, and was followed by William to the other side of Brook Green—I ran for a policeman—when the policeman came the prisoner gave himself in charge—I saw them go to the station—I gave my name and address to the policeman afterwards—I did not know the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not tell Noble that I hoped the prisoner would get off, and that I would write to him for half a "
<hi rend="italic">thik'un</hi>"—I am a friend of Noble—I was about twice the length of this Court away—I was with Noble and Kimmins.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I came here on subpoena and expect my expenses—nothing has been promised.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-101" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-101" type="surname" value="KIMMINS"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-101" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>HERBERT KIMMINS</persName> </hi>. I live at 6, Nagborough Buildings, West Ken
<lb/>sington—I shall be sixteen next birthday—I am a hairdresser—I was with Morris—I saw the prisoner hit at one of the young fellows and run away—he tried to get over the railings, and one young fellow pulled him back—then I saw the prisoner bring out a knife and swing it about with his hand—he hit both of the Beaneys and ran away—in Caithness Road he gave himself up to a policeman.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was taking Morris's photograph—Morris was looking at the camera—Noble was photographing as well—we were in a group together—my face was towards the black man—their backs were towards him—I heard the prisoner cry out.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner received a good character.</hi> </p>
<rs id="t19030720-594-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-594-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-594-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of unlawfully wounding under great provocation</hi> </rs>.
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19030720-594-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-594-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-594-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-594-19030720 t19030720-594-punishment-16"/>Three months' hard labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200017"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, July</hi> 22
<hi rend="italic">nd</hi>, 1903.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Lawrence.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19030720-595">
<interp inst="t19030720-595" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19030720"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-595" type="date" value="19030720"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19030720-595-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-595-19030720 t19030720-595-offence-1 t19030720-595-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-595-19030720" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-595-19030720" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-595-19030720" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-595-19030720" type="surname" value="GIBBS"/>
<interp inst="def1-595-19030720" type="given" value="THOMAS WASHINGTON"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS WASHINGTON GIBBS</hi> (21)</persName>, Was indicted
<rs id="t19030720-595-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-595-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-595-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/> for and charged on the Coroner's inquisition with the wilful murder of
<persName id="t19030720-name-103" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-103" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-103" type="surname" value="MCQUAID"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-103" type="given" value="BRIDGET"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19030720-595-offence-1 t19030720-name-103"/>Bridget McQuaid</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MATHEWS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. A. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEYCESTER</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-104" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-104" type="surname" value="MCQUAID"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-104" type="given" value="BRIDGET"/>BRIDGET MCQUAID</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Daniel McQuaid of 6, Kings-wood Road, Fulham—the deceased was my daughter—she was eighteen last April—she worked at a laundry—I have known the prisoner for ten or twelve years—he and the deceased have played together since they were children—for the last four years they have been very much together—on April 10th the prisoner asked me if he could be engaged to the deceased—I said, "Yes, as you make your bed you must He on it; you can have her with the greatest of pleasure"—he was supposed to give her the ring on the following Saturday week, the 18th, which was her birthday—on that day I saw it—I think she was wearing it—the prisoner had shown it to me on the day before—I saw her wearing it afterwards—on Wednes
<lb/>day, July 1st, she came in to dinner as usual—she did not go out again that evening—as a rule she went out every night with the prisoner—next day, Thursday, she came home to dinner and tea, and again at 9.10 p.m.—she took a piece of bread off the table—she went out again, and I saw no more of her until she was lying dead in the Avenue—I saw the ring on that day on her finger—I was called by two boys—I went into Hartopp Avenue—the deceased was lying there covered up all but her feet—I was not allowed to go near.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> They had had two years of courtship—they seemed to be very happy together—she told me that the prisoner was saving up money to buy furniture—he did not give it to her to look after—after the murder I found out that she had given him some of her earnings—I do not know if he put it into the Post Office Savings Bank—I did not know it before—she had said nothing to me about her visiting Scotland—I do not know if there had been a quarrel between them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The prisoner came to our house nearly every night during the last two years.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-105" type="surname" value="MCQUAID"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-105" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>DANIEL MCQUAID</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer, and live with my parents at 6, Kingswood Road, Fulham—the deceased was my sister—I know the prisoner and have worked with him at the same place for seven or eight weeks—I have known him for some years—on July 1st we walked home together from our work—I left him about 8.10 p.m.—as I was leaving him I said, "I suppose you are hurrying home to meet Bridget?"—he said, "No, we have had a
<hi rend="italic">row</hi>"—I asked him what it was over, and he told me he would not humble to make it up to speak to her again—next day he told me that the quarrel was about her going to Scotland with Louisa Turner, and that he did not care for Louisa's company—he said that he had told her that if she went he would have no more to do with her, and that he had used some foul language towards her—he said that my sister replied, "My mother won't stop me, and I am sure you wont"—I was</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200018"/>
<p>working with him on July 2nd—he said he had received a letter the night before from my sister saying that she would return the ring on Friday next, and send her younger sister with it—he said he did not want her to return it but to keep it, and asked me to tell her so—I did not have an opportunity of telling her so—I told her mother—that evening I went to the Salisbury public house with him—he said he did not trouble, that it would not be much, and that he and my sister would be together again before Friday—I parted from him and saw no more of him that evening—I did not notice anything unusual in his manner on that day.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Gross-examined.</hi> He seemed as if he wanted to make it up again—he did not seem specially upset—he told me what the bad language was that he had used to my sister—it was not violent.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-106" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-106" type="surname" value="TURNER"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-106" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>LOUISA TURNER</persName> </hi>. I live at 52, Ansell Street, Fulham—I am employed at the Campden Steam Laundry, where the deceased also worked—last Easter I arranged with my sister to pay her a visit at Berwick-on-Tweed on July 17th—it was known at the laundry where I proposed to spend my holiday—I spoke to the deceased about it—the last time was on June 30th.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-107" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-107" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-107" type="surname" value="GIBBS"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-107" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>LOUISA GIBBS</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Edmund William Gibbs, of 38, Hartopp Avenue, Fulham—the prisoner is my son—he was twenty-one on July 4th.—on July 2nd he came home about 7.30 p.m., and about 9 p.m. he and I were at the window of a front room on the first floor—I went into the kitchen, leaving the prisoner in the front room—I heard a knock at the front door—I had not seen anybody outside the house when I was in the front room—the prisoner went down to open the front door—I remained up stairs—I went back into the front room—the prisoner and the deceased were there talking together—I went into the kitchen again to light the lamp—I heard a noise down stairs; it seemed like a little bit of scuffling—I went into the front room again as quick as I could—I opened the window—I looked out and saw the prisoner across and on the top of the deceased, who was lying on the ground about six yards from the front door—I screamed out twice, "Tom, Tom; you are killing her"—I did not stop to see what he was doing to her—he was doing something to her neck, but I do not know what—I was frightened—I came down as quickly as I could, and went to the Jubilee police station at Fulham in order to bring help—the prisoner is left-handed—I could not see if he had anything in his hand when I left.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> When the deceased came the prisoner was sitting in the front room—when the prisoner went downstairs, I did not go to the window to see who it was at the door, because I knew—she always came round about that time—when I went into the room they were talking very quietly—until I heard the noise of the scuffling I took no notice—there was no screaming or noise of quarrelling—T could not hear what they were saying—the prisoner is a teetotaler—he has never tasted drink—he is one of twins—when he was at school, a boy threw a piece of state at him and hit him on the head—he was brought home with a bad wound—I had to let him sit on the stairs or in the yard—he has the scar now—he lost his senses—he seemed rather strange afterwards—he was five or six years old then—after that he often went oft in convulsive fits—they used</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200019"/>
<p>to send for me at the school—I had to go and bring him home—I do not know how many fits he had in a year—I did not take that notice—I did not have a doctor; the fits were not bad enough, and I am not very well off—some time ago he had a fit and was taken to the Jubilee Hospital—I do not know if it was eighteen months ago—I know one of his mates named McCarthy; I remember him bringing the prisoner home one day—he was very bad for some time and I had to watch him and bathe his face—he came to and lay quiet—when he came home he stared about and groaned to himself—he lay on the bed; his eyes were rolling; I had to keep his hands down; he was waving them about; he always behaved like that when he was in a fit—about twelve months ago he had some clinkers thrown on the back of his neck, and I had to go to the Jubilee Hospital for him—he came home; he was all right when I got there—I heard McCarthy say that he had a fit two or three months ago—the prisoner played football sometimes—I heard of his having a fit on the football field—I cannot remember when that was; it was some time last year—when he had the fits he went off as if he was in a faint; he went off suddenly; he would fall down; I always tried to get him on the bed and hold his hands down and bathe his face—after he had been off a little time he would come to, crying, and then be quite still for a time as though he was dead.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The last fit that I remember was one that I did not see—I only heard of it as having taken place on the football field—Mc
<lb/>Carthy told me of it—the prisoner was so quiet he would never tell me any
<lb/>thing—I did not hear of another "fit after that one—he was very good at his work—he has been working for a number of different people for a long time—he was with Mr. Pickering as errand boy for about 4 1/2. years, from July, 1896, to June, 1900; he was then with Mr. Walker as an engine cleaner from July, 1900, to June, 1901; then with Mr. Bingham from July, 1901. to November, 1901, and then with Mr. Meredith, where he worked up to this time—when he had a fit he would fall down if there was no one there to save him—I never saw any foaming at the mouth—the effect of a fit was that he fell when it was upon him and lay there until he was in some way helped by somebody—I do not know if they were more constant while he was at school than they were lately—he left school in October, 1896—I cannot say how many fits he has had since then—sometimes I have never taken any notice of them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-108" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-108" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-108" type="given" value="MATILDA"/>MATILDA MOORE</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of William Moore, of 31, Worley Avenue, Fulham—that is close to Hartopp Avenue—my house is not very far from 38, Hartopp Avenue, where Mrs. Gibbs lives—about 9.30 p.m. on July 2nd I was at my gate—I could not see the doorway of 38, Hartopp Avenue from there; I could see as far as the house—I heard a scream; I took no notice of it, thinking it was only children playing—I then saw the prisoner and the deceased struggling together—I heard the deceased say, "I am being murdered," and I saw her fall to the ground—when I first saw them they were on their feet he had one arm round her neck cuddling her: I could not see his other arm, or what he was doing—I ran up; they were then on the ground; he was on top of her—a man named Archer came up and struggled with him—I saw some blood—the prisoner seemed to be in</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200020"/>
<p>a fit; he laid there staring and never spoke anything; his eves were so glaring he seemed to be staring so; he was quite still.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> His right arm was under her neck—he looked pale and white almost like a corpse—I thought he was really dead the first time, his eyes were staring straight in front of him and taking no notice of any
<lb/>thing—I did not see him get up—my husband came up and made me go away—my house faces right up Hartopp Avenue.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> They were not struggling very long before I saw them fall—they moved a little way before they fell.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-109" type="surname" value="ARCHER"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-109" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID ARCHER</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer, of 22, Hartopp Avenue, Fulham—on July 2nd, about 9.30 p.m., I was standing outside my door—I heard a woman's voice say, "Oh, Tom! oh, Tom!"—I saw the prisoner and his young woman on the ground—I ran up to where they were, which was 15 or 16 yards off—when I got to them the prisoner was on the top, cutting her throat with a knife—I saw the handle of it in his hand—I took hold of the hand which had the knife and tried to take it from him, but I had not got the strength, and I was so nervous I could not do it—a man came up to help me but he went away; then a policeman came up—I do not know if the knife was then in the girl's throat; I did not see it taken out—I did not see the prisoner do anything with the handle of the knife—I did not see it again after I saw it in his hand until I saw it at the police station—I did not see his condition when I got to him—the deceased was bleeding very much from her throat—she did not say anything in my hearing, nor did the prisoner—I do not remember the constable examining the prisoner when he came up; I ran for a doctor—I returned with Dr. Saunders—I do not know if the deceased was alive or dead when I returned.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The first I heard was the scream, "Oh, Tom! oh, Tom!"—up to that time I heard no noise of quarrelling—I was about six doors away—I do not know if they are even numbers on one side of the road and odd on the other—when I got to the spot they were already on the ground—he was sawing at her throat with the knife and slashing at it—I do not know which hand he had the knife in—I got hold of both his hands—the blade of the knife was sticking in her throat; I tried to tug it out—the prisoner did not resist me in any way—I do not know how the knife was got out of her throat—the prisoner seemed to be drawing it round; I tried to stop him; it seemed to be firmly fixed in her throat—I did not see him throw it on the ground—it all happened in a very short time; from the time I heard the first scream until I went off for the doctor was about five minutes—it took about five minutes to get the doctor—I did not notice what condition the prisoner was in.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-110" type="surname" value="BUCKINGHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-110" type="given" value="HARRY"/>HARRY BUCKINGHAM</persName> </hi> (151
<hi rend="italic">T.</hi>) About 9.35 p.m., on July 2nd. I was in Daws Road, Fulham, when a man spoke to me, and I went with him to Hartopp Avenue, where I saw the prisoner and the deceased lying in the centre of the court in a pool of blood—she was lying about six yards or more from the doorway of No. 38—she was lying on her right side, slightly breathing, but did not speak—she had a wound in her throat and her face was covered with blood—the prisoner was lying on his back on</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200021"/>
<p>her left side with his right arm under her shoulders—Archer had hold of the prisoner's left arm—I looked at the deceased more than once—when I looked at her the second time the prisoner said, "Let me kiss her"—I found this knife (
<hi rend="italic">Produced.</hi>) on the deceased's right side, just under her dress—I did not notice it then, but afterwards I saw that the larger blade was broken and gone—the prisoner was dazed; he lay quite still; his face was perfectly white—the first time that he spoke was when he asked me to let him kiss her—I did not allow him to do so; he did not move himself.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> When I got there he was lying like a dead man—he was perfectly white and motionless, his eyes were glaring, and looking straight in front of him, taking no notice of anyone until I went to the deceased the second time—when we got him on his feet he was not dazed, nor when he was at the station—he spoke when we got him to his feet—I do not remember saying before the Coroner, "He was apparently dazed when he was taken to the station"—the knife was already out of the de
<lb/>ceased's throat when I got there—the remaining part of the broken blade was open, the small one was closed.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-111" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-111" type="surname" value="BUTT"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-111" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK BUTT</persName> </hi> (737
<hi rend="italic">T.</hi>) About 9.35 p.m., on July 2nd, I was called to Hartopp Avenue, where I saw the prisoner and the deceased on the ground—I asked the prisoner if he could get up; he said "Yes"—he got up by himself—I caught hold of his shoulder; he turned round and said, "All right, I will go quietly with you"—I saw Dr. Saunders there—he handed me on the spot a gold ring in a case, a key, and a pencil—Buckingham handed me this knife—I took the-prisoner to the station, where I examined the knife in his presence—part of the blade is broken off—the prisoner saw me looking at it and said, "The other piece is in her throat, I felt it break off"—when I first saw him he was in a dazed condition.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I got him to the station about 9.50.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-112" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-112" type="surname" value="DEW"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-112" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER DEW</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector T.</hi>) About 11 p.m., on July 2nd, I saw the prisoner at the North Fulham police station—I told him I was a police officer, and said that he would be charged with the wilful murder of his sweetheart, Bridget McQuaid, that evening, and that anything he said would be taken down, and might be used in evidence against him—he said, "I quite understand"—he was then charged; the charge was read over to him—he said, "All right"—I went to 38, Hartopp Avenue and examined the door step and the door; I found bloodstains on the step and also on the side of the doorway—the distance from the gateway to where the body was found is 16 ft. 7 in.—the doorway, including the step, is three feet square, and from the front door of No. 38 to the gate of the same house is 7 ft. 10 in.—from the spot where the body was found to where Archer lives is 72 ft—I did not search the prisoner, I searched his room—I found this receipt for the money paid for a ring, it is dated March, 1903, £2 10s. deposit paid 10s. and two other—payments on it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not get to the station until 11 p.m.—the prisoner then seemed calm.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-113" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-113" type="surname" value="SAUNDERS"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-113" type="given" value="BASIL STANLEY"/>BASIL STANLEY SAUNDERS</persName> </hi>. I am a registered medical practitioner of 252, Daws Road, Fulham—about 10.20 on July 2nd I was called to Hartopp Avenue—I. found the deceased lying on her back, her throat and hands</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200022"/>
<p>were covered with blood, and a large quantity of blood was on the ground—she was quite dead—I saw that there were wounds on her throat, face, and forehead, upon both hands, and below her left ear, such as could be inflicted with the large blade of this knife—on her left side, as she lay, I found a ring case with a ring in it, a pencil, and a key: I handed them to Butt—I examined the prisoner, who was lying four or five feet from the girl's left side: he appeared to be in a dazed condition, his face was very pale, there was a small superficial cut on his right wrist, which was bleeding slightly, and might have been self inflicted when holding the knife—I made a
<hi rend="italic">post mortem</hi> examination on the 4th—on the forehead I found a wound 1 in. above the right eyebrow, 2 in. long, and the flesh divided to the bone; under the left ear there were two superficial cuts; on the face there was a wound 7 in. in length, commencing on the bridge of the nose, 3/4 in. from the right eye, and passing obliquely down the face, over the cheek to the jaw, dividing the muscles and the blood vessels; that was a serious wound, it crossed over the lower jaw to the neck, and cut through the muscles and blood vessels of the neck; there was an incised wound on the throat, commencing 3/4 in. above the right margin of the breast bone, meeting the other cut and forming a continuous cut, the windpipe was completely severed; in the wound I found this broken blade of a knife (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>), the sharp edge was pointing forwards and outwards; there were five wounds on the right hand, three of which were superficial; the other two were deep, they went between the fingers, and were about 3/4 in. in depth; on the left hand there were two wounds, the first finger was almost severed; there was one superficial cut between the first and second finger; the cause of death was due to shock and hoemorrhage in the throat; I have fitted the piece of blade which I found in the throat with the piece which still remains in the hasp of the knife: they fit exactly.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The knife is an ordinary pen knife—great force must have been used; the prisoner must have used all his strength—there were twelve or thirteen wounds altogether—it must have been a very ferocious attack indeed—there is no necessity for the prisoner to be mad to inflict them, an ordinary person may have inflicted them just the same—if a person was attacked by a madman these are the sort of wounds I should expect to find—when I got up to the prisoner he was lying as though he was dead: he was very pale, his eyes were then closed—if a man was recovering from a fit of an epileptic nature, he would be likely to be pale and to lie still—the recovery may be very sudden and very rapid—the attacks may come on very suddenly and without any warning whatever—the origin of epilepsy is the sudden liberation of nervous energy from the nerve centre in the brain—it is a very obscure disease—a person suffering from it may between the fits have ordinary health, as well as immediately before a fit—a few minutes after a fit he may be back in his normal condition—people in fits of this kind absolutely loose control and consciousness, and sometimes have very Little recollection of it afterwards—the fits may be regular or irregular—there may be an interval of months—a fit after a long interval may be much the same as other fits or it may be worse—sometimes the sole symptom of a fit is mental derangement;</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200023"/>
<p>epileptic mania may come on with no symptom except the mania itself—I do not think that is more likely to happen when there has been a long interval—I do not think it would make much difference—twitching of the hands and foaming at the mouth would indicate an epileptic fit, rolling eyes would indicate or be suggestive of an epileptic fit—if a man was tearing at himself and others, that would be quite consistent with epilepsy.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Twitching of the hands, rolling eyes, and foaming at the mouth are leading indications of epilepsy—a man may have a fit without foaming at the mouth; it is not invariable, but it is common to have it—the tongue is very frequently bitten, that is also a leading indica
<lb/>tion of a fit—I did not notice any signs of it in this case—the patient looses consciousness so as to deprive him of all knowledge of what he is doing or what he was doing whilst the fit lasts, but the loss of consciousness may be only a matter of a few seconds—it is not inconsistent with epilepsy that a man should, while in a fit, cut a woman's throat and leave in it the broken blade of the knife which he had used, and not fully realise that fact; if he had been under the influence of epilepsy at the time he did it it is somewhat extraordinary, but it would be possible—in my opinion the prisoner's condition on this night would not be inconsistent with a minor epileptic attack, that is an attack devoid of some of its leading indications that would render him unconscious for a few moments of what it was that he did—the whole fit might not last more than a minute.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEYCESTER</hi>. It is possible that the blade of the knife was broken in pulling it out—it was very deeply embedded, and was right behind the spinal column—it is possible that the prisoner was suffering from an epileptic fit, that he may have recovered while pulling out the knife, and may afterwards remember that the blade broke while he was doing so—a man may suffer from epileptic mania without foaming at the mouth or rolling of the eyes; at such a moment a patient is likely to become very violent; in the annals of medical study it is known to have been the frequent cause of violent crime and homicide.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. The fit itself may be the first indication of epileptic mania—the prisoner's history would have no effect upon my opinion, if he had fits at school they might gradually get worse, the fits might go on until he got into an epileptic condition—I heard that years ago, while at school, he was subject to fits, but cases may get better and then break out again—I should have expected him to become worse—if a man made a violent attack upon another for purposes of his own that might be likely to bring on an epileptic fit—the fit might be the result of violence and the violence not the result of the fit.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-114" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-114" type="surname" value="PICKERING"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-114" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM PICKERING</persName> </hi>. I am a builder of 131, Fulham Road—the prisoner worked for me as an errand boy from July 1st, 1896, to June 29th, 1900: when he left to better himself, he was a very good lad indeed—while with me he never, to my knowledge, suffered from fits or any other ailment—he was constantly at work during the whole of that time, and gave complete satisfaction—he was not different to other boys, except that he was a better one and more industrious.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He did not live at my house—he only came during</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200024"/>
<p>the day, and I did not see much of him then—he was not under my per
<lb/>sonal notice.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I should know if he was away from work—he may have been away once or twice from some little malady, but nothing of import
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-115" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-115" type="surname" value="WALKER"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-115" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES WALKER</persName> </hi>. I am locomotive foreman at the Lilleybridge Works on the District Railway—I remember a boy named Gibbs working under me from July 3rd, 1900, till June 1st, 1901—I do not remember the prisoner—I do not remember Gibbs having any fits—I have nothing recorded against him—he did his work very well indeed—on July 17th, 1900, he had an accident—he had been engine cleaning during the night; he walked past an engine while some hot clinkers were being thrown off, and they found their way on to the man's head, and some fell down his neck, I believe—he was away after that for seven days, when he returned and went on with his work.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I had a large number of men under me—I do not recollect the prisoner's face; according to my books he was with me for about eleven months—I did not see much of him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-116" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-116" type="surname" value="MCGRAY"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-116" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM MCGRAY</persName> </hi>. I am employed by Messrs. Peter Robinson at 256, Regent Street—the prisoner came to work there as a porter from July 1st to October 5th, 1901—he had no fits at all during that time—so far as his outward conduct was concerned it was that of quite an ordinary individual.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-117" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-117" type="surname" value="MEREDITH"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-117" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MEREDITH</persName> </hi>. I am a builder of 42, Moreland Road, Fulham—the prisoner has worked for me as a bricklayer for two years past—he has always behaved himself very well—he was better-than the general class of my employees—I have not seen him in any fits—I have heard that he has had some at home occasionally—he was always very steady at work—I first heard that he had a fit about six months ago.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I heard of him having had more than one fit—he remained in my service until the night of the occurrence—he was a quiet man—I do not know about his being reserved—he was apprenticed to me and was working for me at a cheaper rate—he did anything that I asked him to do—he was working with me on the morning and afternoon of the day of the murder—I had to rebuke him two or three times; he did not do his work in the usual way; he seemed to be absent-minded, and not to be in his usual form by a long way.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-118" type="surname" value="SCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-118" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES SCOTT</persName> </hi>. I am the medical officer at Brixton Prison—on July 3rd the prisoner was received there and has been under my special observation ever since—he has been very quiet and rational in his conduct and conversa
<lb/>tion—he has appeared nervous about his position, but not more than one would expect under the circumstances—he has shown no indications of insanity while under my observation.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> A man suffering from epilepsy may enjoy perfect health between the attacks, and there may be no symptoms that he is suffering from anything of the kind—I know Dr. Luff's book on forensic medicine—epileptic mania may occur in individuals who have never been known to have had a convulsive attack—a man may have an attack of</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200025"/>
<p>epileptic mania without any symptoms of an epileptic fit—there may be a fit without a convulsive attack—the only symptom may be the mental derangement—it may produce very violent conduct and may give rise to homicidal acts—there may be no recollection of the acts done or recollec
<lb/>tion may come back in a confused way; cases are recorded where im
<lb/>mediately after recovery there is some recollection and then gradually a man may lose all recollection—I have not come across such a case—there is generally marked pallor at the commencement of epilepsy—it may last only a few seconds, then the colour returns—I should not look for marked pallor during the recovery; there may be paleness—during the attack the eyes are very often drawn up so that only the pupils are seen and not the whites at all—during recovery the pupils may be fixed and staring; generally the muscular tension is relaxed, and there is not much staring, but I cannot say it is inconsistent—many people have had epileptic fits in their youth and then pass out of them; sometimes there is a long interval; and then it comes on again; the intervals are very irregular, the attacks may come on suddenly as badly as ever they were—a man may have mental derangement only, but as a rule they generally develop epilepsy; there have been cases in which a man has had epileptic mania who has never had an epileptic fit; but one cannot be certain in such cases; there would be nothing to indicate epilepsy; it would only be a suspicion; it might be epilepsy of a motiveless character—in the intervals between the fits some patients are gloomy and morose, but there is a great variety; in some severe epileptic cases the patient becomes very melancholy—sometimes there may be a peculiar sensation in one arm or leg when a fit is coming on, otherwise there is no warning.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The warning is only subjective—I have heard no evidence in this case to make me believe that the prisoner suffered from epilepsy at the time he committed this act—the indications of an epileptic fit are biting of the tongue, a glazed eye, and foaming at the mouth.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>. In an epileptic subject, violent rage might predispose to an attack.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Evidence for the defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">P. S. G. PROPERT</hi>, M.A. I am Vicar of St. Augustine's, Fulham, and have known the prisoner practically all his life—he was a member of my Sunday school—I have seen a great deal of him—I have seen him since he went to work—I know his family very well indeed—when he was under my charge he was a very good boy indeed—he was moody and quiet, but at the same time obedient.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He left my immediate observation about seven years ago.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-119" type="surname" value="PRATT"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-119" type="given" value="WILLIAM CHARLES"/>WILLIAM CHARLES PRATT</persName> </hi>. I am head master at the Board School in Lilley Road, Fulham—the prisoner was a scholar there from September, 1893, until October, 1896—he had the character of a very good, attentive and industrious boy—he was somewhat dull—he suffered from fits while at the school—they would last about ten minutes—he had a little foaming at the mouth and would throw his arms and legs about—after a little attention he would come round—he had twitching of the hands—he would come to</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200026"/>
<p>quietly, and have almost a look of surprise and apparently not remember what had happened—the fits did not occur at regular intervals, perhaps he would have one once in three weeks, perhaps he would go a month—he continued to have them up to the time he left school—when he was not suffering from a fit he was of a somewhat morose and sullen disposition—he is one of twins; the brother was as bright as this one is dull—the prisoner was under the direct control of his class master, Mr. West.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have only seen him occasionally since 1896—he has been constantly at work since he left school—he was not sharp or bright—he was impetuous and somewhat quick tempered—if he was crossed in any way he would soon retaliate and become passionate.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-120" type="surname" value="WEST"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-120" type="given" value="GEORGE SWATE"/>GEORGE SWATE WEST</persName> </hi>. I am now head master at the Board School at Clarendon Road, Ashborn—I was formerly assistant master at Lilley Road Board School—the prisoner was under my charge from 1893 to 1896—he suffered from fits—I cannot say how often he had them—as far as I can remember when the fits first came on he was very violent, then gradually subsided into a quiet state—he would struggle with his arms; his body and his eyes would twitch, and he had a slight foaming at the mouth—when he recovered he appeared to be in a dazed kind of condition—he was never guilty of any acts of violence except when in a fit—his conduct was very good; he was quieter than the other boys, and I might describe him as of a morose disposition.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> My close observation of him ceased in 1896—the fits were very violent in their character.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I frequently met him in the street up to October, 1901, when I left Fulham—I do not know whether he continued to suffer from fits—I did not hear of it; they were not getting better when he left school.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-121" type="surname" value="GIBBS"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-121" type="given" value="EDMUND WILLIAM"/>EDMUND WILLIAM GIBBS</persName> </hi>. I am the prisoner's twin brother—he has suffered from fits since he had a slate thrown at his head while at school—it made a wound on his head—I should say that was ten years ago—after that he had fits very frequently—when he was in them he used to wave his hands about and his eyes used to roll—he was not to say violent; we only had to hold him down occasionally—he came to, quietly—I remember him having fits after he left school—I think the last he had was on the football field—I was not with him—the last that I remember was six years ago—I was present when he had one when my father was ill—that was four years ago—my father had an abscess on his neck and he showed it to the prisoner, and that sent him off in a fit—I remember him having a fit at the tea table once—that was about six years ago—it came on suddenly; there did not seem to be anything to cause it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He had left school about a year when he had that fit—both of us have been living at home—when he went off in a fit his eyes would be rolling and his hands waving about; he would fall to the ground; he would close his eyes after two or three minutes, then he would be motionless until we brought him to—we only waited until he came to—he never had a doctor that I am aware of—he was good tempered—three years ago he threw a cup and saucer at me—he was in a fit then—we were</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200027"/>
<p>having a dispute at tea time between ourselves about the food—the cup and saucer hit me on the head—there is a mark there still.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-122" type="surname" value="MCCARTHY"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-122" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MCCARTHY</persName> </hi>. I am a plasterer's apprentice—I am a friend of the prisoner—we used to play at football together—I knew he had fits—I have seen him in them—on October 25th, 1903, he had one on the football field—a
<hi rend="italic">chap</hi> had his nose broken, and the prisoner came across the field to see who the
<hi rend="italic">chap</hi> was and no sooner had he seen the
<hi rend="italic">chap</hi> on the ground with his nose broken than he went off—he had to be helped to the dressing room and was done for the day—I do not remember his having another fit on the football field some time before—I had seen him in fits at other times; once when we described to him how a little girl had been run over in Daws Road; he turned round and fell in the arms of me and a
<hi rend="italic">chap</hi> named Thomas—he was quite helpless, so we took him home to his mother, a distance of about 150 yards—we had to carry him—his fists were clenched—as we got to the door he seemed to come round—we handed him to Mrs. Gibbs—his eyes were staring—that was-about eighteen month ago—I was coming home on a
<hi rend="italic">'bus</hi> once when I saw him being carried along—I asked the
<hi rend="italic">chap</hi> how he was, and he told me he had had some clinkers thrown on his neck—I do not remember the date of that (
<hi rend="italic">July</hi>, 1900).</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He was being carried by two others who worked in the engine shed—he was throwing his arms about—when he saw the
<hi rend="italic">chap</hi> with the broken nose there was a lot of blood about—he came over faint—he walked to the tent but others had to help him—we never saw no more of him after he was taken off the field.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DR. SAUNDERS</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEYCESTER</hi>). A slate thrown at a man's head who was predisposed to epilepsy would be likely to make him more subject to epilepsy—if he had never suffered from epilepsy but was only predisposed to it it would be likely to bring it on.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19030720-595-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-595-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-595-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Strongly recommended to mercy by the Jury on account of his youth and previous good character</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19030720-595-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-595-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-595-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-595-19030720 t19030720-595-punishment-17"/>DEATH</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday and Thursday, July</hi> 22
<hi rend="italic">nd and</hi> 23
<hi rend="italic">rd</hi>, 1903.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19030720-596">
<interp inst="t19030720-596" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19030720"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-596" type="date" value="19030720"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19030720-596-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-596-19030720 t19030720-596-offence-1 t19030720-596-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19030720-596-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-596-19030720 t19030720-596-offence-1 t19030720-596-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-596-19030720" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-596-19030720" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-596-19030720" type="surname" value="MASSEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-596-19030720" type="given" value="SAMUEL GURNEY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SAMUEL GURNEY MASSEY</hi> </persName> and
<persName id="def2-596-19030720" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-596-19030720" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-596-19030720" type="surname" value="HARDING"/>
<interp inst="def2-596-19030720" type="given" value="ALFRED BENNETT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED BENNETT HARDING</hi>, </persName>
<rs id="t19030720-596-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-596-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-596-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/> Unlawfully making, circulating, and publishing certain written statements, knowing them to be false in certain material par
<lb/>ticulars, they being directors of the
<persName id="t19030720-name-125" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-125" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19030720-596-offence-1 t19030720-name-125"/>London and Suburban Bank, Limited</persName>, with intent to induce divers persons to invest their moneys in that Com
<lb/>pany.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-126" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-126" type="surname" value="BODKIN"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-126" type="given" value="MUIR,"/>MR. MUIR, MR. BODKIN</persName> </hi>,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAHAM CAMPBELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LYNCH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">appeared for Massey, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TURRELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">for Harding.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-127" type="surname" value="FARLOW"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-127" type="given" value="ARTHUR KING"/>ARTHUR KING FARLOW</persName> </hi>. I am one of the firm of Martin, Farlow and Company, Accountants, of 4, King Street, Cheapside—they are agents for the landlords of 22, Henrietta Street, Covent Garden—I produce an agree
<lb/>ment of April 6th, 1898, between Alfred B. Harding, Esq., Secretary of the English Church and Permanent Building Society, for one room on the third floor at 22, Henrietta Street, Covent Garden, at a rent of £25 per</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200028"/>
<p>annum, payable quarterly—the tenancy was to commence on March 25th, 1898—I produce a second agreement, dated November 29th, 1898, for first floor offices at the same place at a rent of £60 per annum—the rent was paid up to June, 1902—Mr. Harding remained in possession till November, 1902—he then left owing the rent from June.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TURRELL</hi>. The company went into liquidation in November.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-128" type="surname" value="GALLAGHER"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-128" type="given" value="CHARLES CONOLLY"/>CHARLES CONOLLY GALLAGHER</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the Joint Stock Registry, Somerset House—I produce the file of the London and Suburban Bank, Limited—the company was first registered on November 18th, 1898, under the name of the London Advance and Deposit Bank, Limited, with a nominal capital of £50,000—the address was 22, Henrietta Street—there has been no change in that address—on March 8th, 1900, the name was changed to the London and Suburban Bank, Limited—the latest return made to Somerset House is dated June 3rd, 1902, which shows that the paid-up capital was £746—the nominal capital remained the same, £50,000.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-129" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-129" type="surname" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-129" type="given" value="PHILIP HENRY"/>PHILIP HENRY GEORGE</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the Winding-up Department of the High Court of Justice—I produce the Court file in the winding-up proceedings of the London and Suburban Bank, Limited—the order to wind it up was made on November 25th, 1902.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-130" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-130" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-130" type="surname" value="PHELP"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-130" type="given" value="ELLIOT"/>ELLIOT PHELP</persName> </hi>. I am clerk to my father, Mr. Charles James Phelp, a printer, of Beulah Road, Walthamstow—acting on instructions, I went to 22, Henrietta Street, on August 8th, 1902, the office of the London and Suburban Bank—I there saw Harding, who introduced me to Massey, who gave me instructions for some printing—this post card (
<hi rend="italic">Exhibit</hi> 9) was ordered on August 8th and printed from manuscript supplied by the defendants, stating amongst other things, "Fifty per cent, of all customers' balances is invested in Trustee and Colonial Government securities"—the prints were delivered to the defendants at Henrietta Street within seven days—we received another order on August 12th for printing, which was duly delivered (
<hi rend="italic">Exhibit</hi> 8)—we also got orders to print Exhibit 6 from Mr. Massey at Henrietta Street—that is a circular headed. "Facilities afforded by the London and Suburban Bank, Limited, Head Office, 22, Henrietta Street, City Office, 57 1/2, Old Broad Street," the directors, among others, being "Alfred B. Harding and Samuel Gurney Massey, joint managing directors; Samuel Gurney Massey, manager of the City Office"—the second paragraph states, "Fifty per cent. of the cus
<lb/>tomers balances is invested in Trust and Colonial Government securities '—we delivered 4,000 of these—we also printed 4,000 of Exhibit 7, which states, "Fifty per cent, of the customers' balances invested under the Trustee Act, 1893, and in Colonial Government securities. Yours truly, Samuel Gurney Massey. Manager," and dated from Old Broad Street—we have not been paid for any of this printing—I delivered some printing at Mr. Massey's private address at South Woodford.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TURRELL</hi>. I have known Harding for some time, and have done business with him—I have always been paid—on the first occasion I mentioned, I first saw Harding, who introduced me to Massey</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200029"/>
<p>and Massey gave me the orders and handed me the manuscript from which I printed.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I cannot say whether Harding was present when the order was actually given.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-131" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-131" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-131" type="given" value="EDWARD JOHN"/>EDWARD JOHN WRIGHT</persName> </hi>. I am senior partner in the firm of Wright and Cuthbertson, printers, of 9, Fenchurch Buildings, E.C.—I have known Massey ten years, as manager formerly of the Economic Bank—I called on him on August 28th at 57 1/2, Old Broad Street—he gave me an order for some printed stuff—I called again on September 20th and got another order for printing—that was a form for opening current accounts—we printed about 100—we delivered them at the bank in Broad Street—we also printed this circular headed, "Facilities afforded by the London and Suburban Bank (Established 1898), Limited," and the second paragraph stated "Fifty per cent, of the customers' balances is invested in Trust and Colonial Government securities"—we printed about 100—they were delivered at the same place—I have not been paid for the work done—I am the printer of the "Richmond News"—I suggested to Massey that he should put an advertisement of the bank in that paper without charge—he said, "All right"—it appeared once—the paper only ran for about three months—the advertisement was stopped next day by a letter signed S. G. Massey.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LYNCH</hi>. Directly the advertisement appeared we got the letter asking us to stop it; although it was costing them nothing—I have known Mr. Massey for about ten years, and have always known him as a perfectly straightforward man.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-132" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-132" type="surname" value="STONE"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-132" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL STONE</persName> </hi>. I am a postal clerk in the service of the London Share and Debenture Company, Limited, of 7 and 8, Union Court, Old Broad Street—they undertake the addressing and circulating of advertise
<lb/>ments—on August 12th, 1902. we received a memorandum from the London and Suburban Bank, asking us if we could address for the bank 1,000 post cards to names in the streets converging on Covent Garden, Henrietta Street, King Street, etc.—we replied to that letter—we received a second letter of August 14th, 1902, asking us to proceed with the addressing and sending out—the post cards were addressed and sent out—our account came to £2 13s. 2d.—we have been paid.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TURRELL</hi>. I did not read the post cards sent to us to address.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-133" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-133" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-133" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY SMITH</persName> </hi>. I am a commercial clerk—from August 25th, 1902, down to the winding-up in November, I was cashier at the City Branch of the London and Suburban Bank—we did business there—I have seen circulars like Exhibit 10 on the counter at the bank, City branch—there would be about forty or fifty on the counter at the time—they were there for the purpose of handing to anyone who came to ask for particulars—there were at one time three clerks at the bank besides myself and latterly two—the post cards produced were sent out to members of the Stock Exchange and to residents in the neighbourhood of South Woodford—I had nothing to do with the sending out—I do not know by whose orders they were sent out—I had nothing to do with Mr. Harding</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200030"/>
<p>whilst I was at the bank—I saw him occasionally—I know the circular was used in opening accounts at the bank—accounts were opened at the bank and books were kept—I think about forty or fifty accounts were opened at the City branch.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TURRELL</hi>. The City branch was under Mr. Massey's management, Mr. Harding had, as far as I am aware nothing to do with the management of that branch.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LYNCH</hi>. I was at the opening of the bank on August 25th, and it was closed by Mr. Massey about November 8th because he had no money in the till; we met customers' cheques while the money lasted; when we had no more money we closed the bank—my salary was £100 a year—I was paid up to the end of October—there were heavy drafts on the City branch by the head office—Mr. Massey once remarked to me that he regretted the fact that this money should be withdrawn from the City branch by the head office—in my opinion the City branch was successful as a branch standing alone—I know that Mr. Massey on the day the bank was closed, refused to open any more accounts—it was a genuine banking business.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MUIR</hi>. I do not think any of the success of the branch was due to the circulation of the circulars or post cards—about forty or fifty of the forms on the circulars were used to open accounts—that would be the number of accounts altogether—that was the success of which I spoke.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-134" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-134" type="surname" value="WEST"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-134" type="given" value="VICTOR CARTER"/>VICTOR CARTER WEST</persName> </hi>. I live at Rugby Chambers, Gt. James Street, Bloomsbury, and am a journalist—I have an account at the Economic Bank—Massey was the manager of the bank at one time, and in that way I became acquainted with him—in September, 1902, I met Massey in Bishopsgate Street—he showed me some circulars similar to the ones now produced (
<hi rend="italic">Exhibits</hi> 11
<hi rend="italic">and</hi> 4).—each of them contained the statement, "50 per cent. of the customers' balances invested in trustee securities"—I asked Mr. Massey whether the methods adopted were the same as in the old bank regarding the customers' balances, and he said the same arrangement would be adopted—he asked me to give my account to him as well as accounts of my friends—he said he should like all his old friends to stand by him, that he had only the best men as directors, and they had large head quarters in Covent Garden—I next day opened a petty cash account at the bank for my firm—I paid in various sums, about £187—my balance when the bank stopped was £20 18s. 7d.—after the bank stopped payment I met Mr. Massey—I asked him how the affairs of the bank were proceeding, and he replied that it would be a long-winded affair, because it was in the hands of the Official Receiver, but that ulti
<lb/>mately we should receive about 3s. in the £—I asked him how he could account for that if 50 per cent. of the balances had been invested in Trustee and Colonial securities—he replied that the directors had repudiated that resolution—I told him that in my opinion the directors could not rescind such a resolution without notifying us—he said, "Oh, well, that is all right, you will conic out right anyway: I must go, good-bye."</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200031"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TURRELL</hi>. I never saw Harding at all—I did not know him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LYNCH</hi>. I said at the police court that when I met Massey he told me that 50 per cent. of the deposits and balances would be invested—he did not mention, nor did I ask when it would be done.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-135" type="surname" value="GOW"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-135" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID GOW</persName> </hi>. I am a private secretary, and from 1894 to 1897 I had an account at the Economic Bank—Mr. Massey was then the manager—I received this circular with reference to the London and Suburban Bank about last August—it states, "Fifty per cent. of customers' balances is invested in Trust and Colonial Government securities"—I opened an account on October 27th, 1902, at the bank, by a payment in of £24—there was a balance of £17 11s. 10d. when the bank stopped—Massey showed me a copy of a circular with some additional names of directors added to it, which partly inspired confidence in me, as they were titled people.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-136" type="surname" value="FOX"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-136" type="given" value="EDWARD VAUGHAN"/>EDWARD VAUGHAN FOX</persName> </hi>. I am an examiner in the Department of the Official Receiver in Companies' Windings-up—I had the examination of the books and of the directors of the London and Suburban Bank, Limited, in the winding-up of the Company—I produce the Minute Book of the Company—under date November 21st, 1898, I find a minute by which Alfred B. Harding was appointed a director of the bank—I find a minute of October 31st, 1902, appointing titled directors, Mr. Massey being in the Chair, Mr. Frost and Mr. Harding being the other directors present—under date August 6th, 1902, I find a minute appointing Massey a joint managing director—I find an entry stating that letter cards Nos. 51 and 55 were approved and ordered to be posted.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I found during my examination that there was an invest
<lb/>ment in 1900 by the Bank in Consols, but that had been sold out long previously to the winding-up—there was no recent investment—I found cards and circulars in the guard book—I spoke to Massey with regard to a post card (
<hi rend="italic">Exhibit</hi> 9) and asked him whether he remembered being a party to sending it out, and he said it was sent out by Mr. Harding.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LYNCH</hi>. Separate books were kept of each bank—the books were properly kept at the City office—the balance sheet up to March, 1902, showed a profit, the two previous ones showing a loss—the profits consist chiefly of debts due from persons to whom loans had been made; we now know that most of those debts are irrecoverable—Mr. Massey did not come on the scene till August 6th, and it was his proposal that there should be an investment of 50 per cent., and he proposed that the Articles should be amended accordingly—the West End Office were making drafts on the City office—if it had not been for that fact it would have had money to meet its pressing engagements.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TURRELL</hi>. From time to time I have made enquiries of Harding, and have had no difficulty in getting information from him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. My examination showed that so far as the Henrietta Street business was concerned it appeared to be a money-lending concern.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200032"/>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The Broad Street business was described as a branch, and Henrietta Street was the chief office.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-137" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-137" type="given" value="CHARLES EDWARD"/>CHARLES EDWARD JONES</persName> </hi>. I live at 73, Endlesham Road, Balham, and was secretary of the London and Suburban Bank, from the registration of the Company up to the winding-up—I was engaged by Mr. Harding on the understanding that it was a purely nominal office—I attended some Board meetings—I received £30 a year—I had another situation at the time—this tenancy agreement is signed by Mr. Harding—Exhibit No. 2 is also signed by him—the letter of August 12th, 1902, is in the writing of Mr. James, a clerk—the minutes of August 12th, 21st, and 22nd, are in Mr. Harding's writing, and signed by him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-138" type="surname" value="HAWKINS"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-138" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT HAWKINS</persName> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant.</hi>) On June 5th I served a copy of the summons in this case at Mr. Harding's address, Belmont, Rodney Road, Catford—I saw him on the 12th—I asked him if he had received the summons—he said, "Yes, it has been a great worry to me; I have lost the life savings in the concern"—he appeared in response to the summons, and was detained by the Magistrate.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-139" type="surname" value="STOCKLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-139" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES STOCKLEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector.</hi>) On June 8th I served Massey with the summons in this case at his address at Woodford—on reading it he said, "I know, it is all in respect to the statement about the 50 per cent. being invested in Government and Colonial Stock; I was wrong, but it was all a mistake, the customers must have known that it could not have been invested; I am sorry I had anything to do with the concern."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LYNCH</hi>. Attention was called to the words "is invested"; he said that was wrong, it was a mistake.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Harding, in his defence, stated on oath, that he was in the employ of Barday and Co., bankers, for twenty-three years, and left them to found a building society, which went into liquidation at the time of the Liberator frauds; that he promoted the London Advance and Discount Company, which carried on business as a bank; that they then changed its name and continued business down to November</hi> 10
<hi rend="italic">th: that as they were in want of more capital he was introduced to Massey, who came on the Board on condition that a new Article should be inserted in the Articles of Association stating that at least</hi> 50
<hi rend="italic">per cent. of the customers' balances should be invested in high-class securities, but it was never done, as they had no opportunity, and that the failure of the Bank teas due to the pressure brought upon them by the solicitor to the English Church and Permanent Building Society; that they had received money for them and placed it on deposit, and when they pressed for repayment, the money was not immediately obtainable, and action was taken, and that the wording in the circulars as to</hi> "50
<hi rend="italic">per cent. is invested" was a mistake, and it was all along intended to be altered.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Massey, in his defence on oath, stated that he was a clerk for twenty-three years in William Deacon's Bank; that he then assisted to start the Economic Bank, and left it to go to South Africa: that he joined the Board of the London and Suburban Bank, Limited, on August</hi> 6
<hi rend="italic">th.</hi> 1902,
<hi rend="italic">and made it a condition of joining that</hi> 50
<hi rend="italic">per cent. of the deposits should be invested in high-class securities, and that the Articles must be altered; that the post cards and circulars which had been referred to were prepared by him; that it was his</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200033"/>
<hi rend="italic">intention that</hi> 50
<hi rend="italic">per cent. should be invested, but it was not done, as they were waiting to see what balances would be required, as it was a new business, and they wanted time to carry out their intention.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoners received good characters</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19030720-596-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-596-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-596-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">The Jury con
<lb/>sidered that the prisoners deserved censure for the way in which the circulars were issued, to which the Recorder assented.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19030720-597">
<interp inst="t19030720-597" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19030720"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-597" type="date" value="19030720"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19030720-597-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-598-19030720 t19030720-597-offence-1 t19030720-597-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19030720-597-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-598-19030720 t19030720-597-offence-1 t19030720-597-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-597-19030720" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-597-19030720" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-597-19030720" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-597-19030720" type="surname" value="TIPPER"/>
<interp inst="def1-597-19030720" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES TIPPER</hi> (27)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-597-19030720" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-597-19030720" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-597-19030720" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def2-597-19030720" type="surname" value="TIPPER"/>
<interp inst="def2-597-19030720" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR B. TIPPER</hi> (25)</persName>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19030720-597-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-597-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-597-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to
<rs id="t19030720-597-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-597-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-597-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>forging and uttering an order for the delivery of 300 Baltimore and Ohio shares, with intent to defraud</rs>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES TIPPER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19030720-597-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-597-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-597-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-597-19030720 t19030720-597-punishment-18"/>Eighteen months' hard labour.</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR</hi> B.
<hi rend="largeCaps">TIPPER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19030720-597-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-597-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-597-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-597-19030720 t19030720-597-punishment-19"/>Twelve months' hard labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday, July</hi> 22
<hi rend="italic">nd</hi>, 23
<hi rend="italic">rd, and</hi> 24
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1903.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19030720-598">
<interp inst="t19030720-598" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19030720"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-598" type="date" value="19030720"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19030720-598-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-598-19030720 t19030720-598-offence-1 t19030720-598-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-598-19030720" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-598-19030720" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-598-19030720" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-598-19030720" type="surname" value="DEARLOVE"/>
<interp inst="def1-598-19030720" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALBERT DEARLOVE</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t19030720-598-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-598-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-598-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>, Carnally knowing
<persName id="t19030720-name-143" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-143" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-143" type="surname" value="SCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-143" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19030720-598-offence-1 t19030720-name-143"/>Sarah Scott</persName> on several occasions, she being under sixteen years of age.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">prosecuted; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">The police sergeant having left the warrant for the prisoner's arrest at Enfield, there was no proof that the prosecution was commenced within three months of the commission of the alleged offence, therefore the Common Serjeant directed a verdict of</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19030720-598-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-598-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-598-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="directed"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19030720-599">
<interp inst="t19030720-599" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19030720"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-599" type="date" value="19030720"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19030720-599-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-599-19030720 t19030720-599-offence-1 t19030720-599-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-599-19030720" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-599-19030720" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-599-19030720" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-599-19030720" type="surname" value="STAIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-599-19030720" type="given" value="JOHN LEONARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN LEONARD STAIN</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t19030720-599-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-599-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="damage"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-599-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>, Feloniously setting fire to certain articles of clothing in a certain pavilion, the property of the
<persName id="t19030720-name-145" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-145" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19030720-599-offence-1 t19030720-name-145"/>Gipsy Lawn Tennis Club</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FULTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-146" type="surname" value="GARDINER"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-146" type="given" value="GEORGE HENRY"/>GEORGE HENRY GARDINER</persName> </hi>. I live at 40 Townsend Road, Tottenham, and am manager of the Gipsy Lawn Tennis Club—the prisoner had been in their employ but was discharged two years ago—on June 22nd my father fastened up the pavilion and left at 6.30—some shirts and other things, the property of members of the club, were hanging up—I was called by a constable in the middle of the night and found the door of the refreshment room broken open and a lot of tumblers and glasses had been removed—a small door was damaged and three shirts and a towel con
<lb/>siderably burnt—this hasp (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) was removed, to enable anybody to get through.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-147" type="surname" value="RAINEY"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-147" type="given" value="BERTRAM"/>BERTRAM RAINEY</persName> </hi> (278
<hi rend="italic">N.</hi>) On June 27th, about 11.10, I saw a light in the pavilion of the Gipsy Lawn Tennis Club—I went there and found the door open—I went inside, went to the door of the dressing room, and saw the prisoner standing there holding a lighted shirt in his hand—I asked him what he was doing—he said, "All right, policeman, I am doing a bit of burglary"—I asked him to come out and he picked up a knife from the ground and drew it across his throat without touching himself and said, "I had rather do this"—I said, "You will have to come out"—he said, "I meant to have my revenge on them, but you were too good for me"—the articles were still on fire, and one which hung against</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200034"/>
<p>the door, was flaming—there was a wooden partition on each side of it—I pulled him to the door and blew my whistle for assistance—he said, going to the station, "I used to work here three years ago, and they gave me the sack"—he was charged and said nothing.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19030720-599-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-599-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-599-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction at North London Police Court on May</hi> 11
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1902,
<hi rend="italic">of stealing money and shirts in the same building, and was sentenced to six week's hard labour. He had only been out of prison a few days, and was wearing one of the shirts then stolen, and Mr. Gardner stated that the pavilion was burnt down in June</hi> 1902
<hi rend="italic">and the prisoner was suspected of setting fire to it.
<rs id="t19030720-599-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-599-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-599-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-599-19030720 t19030720-599-punishment-20"/>Twelve months' hard labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19030720-600">
<interp inst="t19030720-600" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19030720"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-600" type="date" value="19030720"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19030720-600-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-600-19030720 t19030720-600-offence-1 t19030720-600-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-600-19030720" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-600-19030720" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-600-19030720" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-600-19030720" type="surname" value="ASHTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-600-19030720" type="given" value="WILLIAM EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM EDWARD ASHTON</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t19030720-600-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-600-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-600-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Forging and uttering an order for £325, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MUIR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MURPHY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-149" type="surname" value="BOLES"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-149" type="given" value="OSCAR EDMUND"/>OSCAR EDMUND BOLES</persName> </hi>. Up to lately I was manager to Laird Schober and Company, American boot manufacturers, of Philadelphia, at their offices at 114, Fore Street—we banked at the Capital and Counties Bank next door, and this (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) is the cheque book which was current on May 5th—it was the habit to have the cheque book stamped throughout when it came in, and in the space left I signed my name as manager—it was the practice for Miss James, a clerk, to write the body of the cheques—the cheque book was usually kept in the safe—a person who gave the name of Isenman called early this year—he was about thirty-five years old, 5 ft. 10 in. high, slightly built, light complection and hair—I am not sure whether he wore glasses—I should say he was an American by his accent—he inquired for Mr. John Laird and said that he met Mr.
<hi rend="italic">Sam</hi> Laird and had been instructed to call on Mr. John—they are brothers—I gave him no order at that time—he was alone—On Saturday, May 23rd, I discussed my intention to go travelling on business on Sunday, but on Monday the 25th about four o'clock I went to the office in Fore Street, not having given any intimation of my intention to come—I knew nothing of Isenman's call; I first heard of it on June 2nd—this parcel was shown to me and these two cheques (
<hi rend="italic">Exhibits</hi> 1
<hi rend="italic">and</hi> 2,
<hi rend="italic">Dated May</hi> 25
<hi rend="italic">th</hi> and 26
<hi rend="italic">th.</hi>)—Miss James brought them to me and I pronounced them both to be forgeries—it is a fair imitation of my signature—the alteration from "Order" to "Bearer" is initialled, and the second has my initials also—I find a place in the middle of this cheque book from which the cheques were torn and two other cheques, 4180 and 4187, are missing from it some space before—I communicated with the bank and with the police—I looked at the other two cheques at the same time.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by prisoner.</hi> He had a fair complection a light moustache and an Imperial.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-150" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-150" type="surname" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-150" type="given" value="ADELINE"/>ADELINE JAMES</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk to Laird Schober and Company—this is their cheque book—it was kept in a drawer in my desk—there were used cheques in the drawer, for the purpose of keeping the accounts—I Jo that in the office and any callers can see me at work—the drawer was not kept locked—my usual luncheon hour was twelve to one o'clock—on May 25th I went to luncheon at 12.30. and before I left a gentleman came</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200035"/>
<p>in alone about 12 o'clock and asked for Mr. Laird—I told him that Mr. Laird was away and asked him the nature of his business—he said he wanted to see Mr. Laird personally and asked if he was at his house—I said, "Yes"—he went out and returned shortly afterwards—he appeared to be about 35 to 40 years of age and was about 5 ft. 11 in. high, slim, fair, and wore spectacles which fastened behind his ears—he had an American accent—I went out shortly afterwards and saw the gentleman and another man across the road—I had my lunch at a restaurant in Fore Street about twenty yards off—he passed me—I did not see the prisoner at that time—I left Manning the office boy in charge, and he made a state
<lb/>ment to me when I got back—the cheque book was in my drawer unlocked when I went out—Monday, June 1st was Bank Holiday, and on Tuesday, June 2nd, I had the cash book and discovered these two cheques which I knew I had never drawn—I then examined the pass book and found that two cheques had been torn out and two more' further on—I cannot account for their being missing—Mr. Boles was out to lunch but I communicated with him at once—I have not seen Isenman since—on Sunday, June 21st, the day before his arrest, I was with Mr. Hart and saw the prisoner and recognised him as he came in—I gave instructions to Mr. Hart and we followed him to the Park gate—Mr. Hart went behind him and came back and spoke to me and we both followed the prisoner to the Manor Gate—Mr. Hart got into a
<hi rend="italic">bus</hi> and sat directly opposite the prisoner—I saw Mr. Hart in the evening and he made a communication to me—I next saw the prisoner in the dock.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Anybody could write a letter in the office—I had handled the cheque book last on Saturday, May 30th—I noticed no cheques missing on May 25th—it might have been taken on May 10th—I was not handling the cheque book when Isenman called—he had a red mark on the left side of his face—I did not notice his mouth or anything about his teeth—Willis was a clerk in the office—Mr. Hart knows him—he is about 5 feet 4 high, dark, and about your build—his hair is crisp, black—he wears a short coat—I never saw him in a frock coat and silk hat—I do not think he resembles you—I do not think I could mistake one for the other—I have not actually quarrelled with Willis—I was in the office and found he was away, and wrote to him at 43, Woburn Place—I had nothing against him whatever—I was never at Brixton—I went to Balham with a friend, not Mr. Willis—I have only conversed with Manning on business topics; I have scarcely spoken to him on this matter—I only asked him what had happened when I came back—I forget the colour of Mr. Isenman's hair, but it was fair; I do not know that there was any grey in it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi>, Willis left, I think, about the beginning of last Sep
<lb/>tember—he would be thoroughly acquainted with the practice as to the cheque book, and knew where it was kept—I have not seen him since May 25th—I do not know whether the prisoner was acquainted with him—his hair is black and crisp—he left three or four months ago.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-151" type="surname" value="MANNING"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-151" type="given" value="HENRY EDWARD"/>HENRY EDWARD MANNING</persName> </hi> I am office boy to Laird, Schober and Company—on May 25th I saw the prisoner at their office between 12 and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200036"/>
<p>12.30—I had never seen him before to my knowledge—he was with another man taller than himself who was about twenty-five or thirty years old, 5 ft. 10 high, slim, fair, wearing a moustache and spectacles, which came behind his ears—he had an American accent—he asked me if Mr. Laird was in—I replied "No; he is at his house"—Miss James had gone to lunch and I was alone—he then asked for Mr. Boles—I said "No: he is away at Tottenham"—he then asked for a piece of paper and an envelope to write a letter to Mr. Laird—he was then on the right side of the counter and I was behind it—I got the paper and envelope, and he asked me if I had returned the samples—I then put the paper at the end of the table—he came in while the taller man sat at the end of the table—I then went into the sample room with him while the other man remained in the office—the sample room is divided off from the office with glass, but you cannot see through it—the prisoner asked me in the sample room if we had received samples of ladies' boots from America—I said, "No"—I had never heard of the class of boots he mentioned—I was keeping my eyes on the front office, and was going into it when the prisoner called me back—I showed him some boots, and the taller man came into the sample room saying that he was Mr.
<hi rend="italic">Sam</hi> Laird—that was the first time he gave his name, and he wrote this letter saying that they were going to his house to see him the same evening—the taller man said that if Mr. Laird came during the day I was to tell him that he had sent a letter to say that he was going to see him that evening—I said, "Yes"—he said, "Mr. Boles will be here on Sunday morning, and you can see him"—they said good-day and went away—when the tall man came into the sample room the prisoner had a sample in his hand, which he put down and did not ask for any more—we were about ten minutes in the sample room, and from where I was I could not see the part of the office where the man was—I saw the taller man again on the next Saturday, the Saturday before Whit-Monday, in the North-Western District post office, off Camden Town—I was opening a post office banking account for the first time—it was on May 30th—the taller man was paying in three £5 notes—he gave them to the same young lady who attended to me—she examined them, held them up to the light, and made an observation about them to another lady in the office—I next saw the prisoner on Monday, June 22nd, in Rochester Square, Camden Road—I went there to see if I could recognise anybody, and he came out of his house and passed me, and crossed over to the other side to that on which I was—I ran up to Mr. Murphy, who was just getting off a tram, and pointed him out—Murphy just arrived at the right moment.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I first heard of the robbery on the Tuesday when I came back, the week after Whit Monday, June 2nd—I say that this hap
<lb/>pened on May 6th, because he told me he was Mr.
<hi rend="italic">Sam</hi> Laird, and he happened to come back on that Monday evening—I had no communica
<lb/>tion with you on the 5th—the door was half open on the 27th—the other half shuts itself—if there was any noise I should not have heard it if I was taking goods out of sample cases—my suspicion were not aroused—I had only had
<hi rend="italic">one</hi> person come in before—he bought a pair of boots-only</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200037"/>
<p>two men called on May 25th—I cannot say how many called on the day previous, but I always stay in the office while Miss James goes out to lunch—I did Dot see or hear anything—the desk was about 4 ft. high, a little taller than this one at which I am standing—I cannot say how the other man was dressed, but you were dressed in brown—I saw you with a dark coat on on two or three remands—if Mr. Isenman was grey at one part and black at the other I should have noticed it—I do not think he was an Irishman, but I cannot tell by looking at a person—I believe he was an American by his speech—I did not notice his feet—the smaller man asked to see the samples, and he was with me in the sample room—he did not go out of my sight—his hair was medium light—Mr. Isenman wore a black suit, with a short jacket—his spectacles looked the colour of gold—his age was 35 or 40—there is no grey about him—I take you for 28 or 30.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-152" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-152" type="surname" value="FENTON"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-152" type="given" value="HELEN"/>HELEN FENTON</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Richard Fenton, of 16, Rochester Square, Camden Town—the prisoner came in the name of Boris with his wife, to live with me on April 28th—they had two rooms—after three weeks Mrs. Ashton left, and the prisoner took another room at 4s. 6d. a week—he continued there till Saturday, May 30th—he had a very frequent visitor, who went by the name of Case—he was about 28 years old, 5 ft. 10 in. high, slim, a good figure, fair, and wore a short beard, an Imperial, and a moustache—his hair was black—he wore gold spectacles, and had a broad American accent—the last time he came was on May 30th, about 9 p.m.—he came on foot that morning, but in the evening he came in a cab and took his luggage—they went off together in the cab—he said he was going to the Forest by the Waterloo route—he returned on a Saturday three weeks later, and was arrested on the Monday—he said he did not know where his friend Case was, but he said on the Monday that he was in Bath—while the prisoner was away I received a letter from him from Brussels.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I saw that Mr. Case had a gold tooth—it was not a tooth with a good deal of stopping in it, it was a gold tooth on the left-hand side—I do not remember making a remark about that—he looked like a German, but he spoke with an American accent—he wore a grey brown suit, and at another time he had a pair of grey trousers on—I never saw him wear a light suit, it was a dark one—I never saw you with a frock coat on or a felt hat—I never said that you spoke like a German Jew—you said you went to Finsbury Park with your wife one Sunday night, and when you were sitting down somebody seemed to be following you, and you thought he was following your wife—Inspector Murphy arrested you in the street—I heard something said in the house about Mr. Brown, but I cannot say what—I think Murphy asked if you knew that name—I do not call Case's hair gingery—he had hair at the side of his face—I do not know what you call a French beard—before May 25th you talked about going in July, and on May 25th, on a Wednesday, I think, you showed me a ticket—I understood that Mrs. Ashton went to the Continent to find her father—you never mentioned your father—Mr. case looked strong—I should call him a stout man, not a slim one—this is the letter from Brussels, and this is the envelope.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200038"/>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Ashley is the name on the letter, but I knew the prisoner as Ashton—it is dated May 26th—he showed me this ticket on a Wednes
<lb/>day, or it may have been a Tuesday, and said, "I ought to have gone to-night."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-153" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-153" type="surname" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-153" type="given" value="ADELINE"/>ADELINE JAMES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi>) That (
<hi rend="italic">Pointing.</hi>) is the Mr. Willis I spoke of, and he was formerly a clerk in our office.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-154" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-154" type="surname" value="PALIN"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-154" type="given" value="ANNIE ELIZABETH"/>ANNIE ELIZABETH PALIN</persName> </hi>. I am manageress to the proprietor of Wilkes' Hotel. St. Stephen's Square, Bayswater—on May 26th a visitor came who gave the name of Charles Isenman; his age was about 36; he was about 6 ft. 8 or 10 in. high; he was of medium bulk, fair, with close cut hair at the side and a beard and moustache—he wore spectacles, and had an American accent—he engaged one room for a week—on Wednesday, May 27th, he brought this cheque for £325 to the office and asked me to take care of it—I put it into my box which is kept in the safe—he said it was rather a large amount to keep upon him—he endorsed it "Charles Isenman" in my presence—on Thursday morning, the 28th, he asked me to pass it through the bank of the hotel—the mistress was away; I said, "I have no banking account of my own, but I will take it to the bank," and Mr. Norwood accepted it—on the following Saturday I went to the bank with Mr. Isenman and signed this cheque (
<hi rend="italic">Produced.</hi>) for the purpose of getting the other cheque—I left Mr. Isenman and Mr. Norwood together—I do not draw on the hotel account in my own name—I did not see that the money was paid over the counter; I left them together a little after 11 a.m.—I saw Mr. Isenman go out of the hotel about 12 o'clock—he came into the office and said he was going away for a day or two and wished to keep his room on for another week, and paid me £1 18s.—he left soon afterwards and never returned—I had never seen him before—he had luggage, but I do not remember what.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-155" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-155" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-155" type="surname" value="NORWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-155" type="given" value="FREDERICK HERBERT"/>FREDERICK HERBERT NORWOOD</persName> </hi>. I am clerk at the Bayswater branch of the Union Bank—on May 28th Miss Palin came to me with this cheque for £325, and left it with me for clearance, and on the 30th she attended with Mr. Isenman at 10.30 a.m. for payment—she signed this cheque (
<hi rend="italic">Another</hi>) and then left, and I paid the £325 to Mr. Isenman—his age was about 35; he was about 5 ft. 8 in. high, but he was leaning over the counter—he was slim, fair, and I think his hair was close cut on each cheek, and a pointed beard and moustache—I forget whether he had spectacles; his accent was American—I took a note of the form in which I paid him—I have extracted it from the counter cash book—it was twenty £5 notes, dated February 27th, 1903, 12701 to 12720, ten £20 notes dated April 14th, 1902, 5475*7 and 73003 to 73011 inclusive, and £25 in gold.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I never saw you till I saw you at Guildhall.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-156" type="surname" value="JARRATT"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-156" type="given" value="CLAUDE HENRY"/>CLAUDE HENRY JARRATT</persName> </hi>. I am manager at the Fore Street branch of the Capital and Counties Bank—this cheque for £195 10s. was cashed with me on May 26th, by £185 in notes and £10 10s. in gold; there was a £50 note, No. 81401, of June 15th, 1902, and seventeen £5 notes.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-157" type="surname" value="HILLS"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-157" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD HILLS</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the Accountants' Department of the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200039"/>
<p>Bank of England—I have here a large number of Bank of England notes which I have been supboenaed to produce.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-158" type="surname" value="CARNE"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-158" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY CARNE</persName> </hi>. I am senior cashier in the Issue Department of the Bank of England—I produce extracts from the books—I have examined them, they are perfectly correct—they relate to two transactions—on May 26th a person giving the name and address of Henry Hance, Russell Hotel, W.C., changed this £50 note (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) 84406, June 16th, 1902—the name is written on the back of it—on the same day a person giving the same name changed this £5 note, 12020, February 24th, 1903, for silver—the other was for gold—on the same day a person giving the name Charles Isenman changed this £50 note 85880, June 1st, 1902, with "Charles Isenman, 12, Abingdon Road," written on it, but it looks like No. 71, and a person giving the same name changed these eight £5 notes, dated February 24th, 1903, 12018 and 12028 to 12034—they were all changed into gold—these two notes and the writing on this cheque and the endorsement seem to be in the same writing.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-159" type="surname" value="SYDENHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-159" type="given" value="HARRY JOHN"/>HARRY JOHN SYDENHAM</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk to Thomas Cook and Sons, Tourist Agents, 81, Cheapside—on May 26th I sold this ticket to a person giving the name of Mr. Ashley, 92, Abingdon Road, Kensington—that is my writing; that is part of a through ticket from London to Paris, first-class single; the price was £1 13s. 10d.—I have no record of how it was paid for—we take bank notes and pay them away again, or pay them into our account, at the Temple Bar branch of the London and West
<lb/>minster Bank, or send them to" our head office—we have an account at the Temple Bar branch of the bank because it is more convenient; it is part of our business to change English money for foreign.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I do not remember any £5 note being paid to me on that date; there may have been several—I did not sell several tickets for that route—I did not take particular notice of the man, it was a man—I am positive it is my writing.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I wrote it when it was brought to me—I made, a note of it, but not at the time—that is the only ticket I issued from Southampton to Havre that day—there is no rule for the date on which it is to be used; Continental tickets are for thirty days; you can start within thirty days; there is no clip on this ticket, but sometimes they are produced about a minute before the train starts—it ought to be clipped, and it ought to have been collected—it must have come from our Cheapside office.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-160" type="surname" value="DENBY"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-160" type="given" value="RICHARD HAROLD"/>RICHARD HAROLD DENBY</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the banking department of Thomas Cook and Sons, Ludgate Circus—we receive notes from the Cheapside office—ours is the head office—we bank at the Temple Bar branch of the London and Westminster Bank—I have before me the counterfoil paying-in slip of May 25th in our clearing office—I paid in on that day £400 in notes—I got them from one or other of our offices; they must have been obtained from one of our establishments in London—they might reach our bank the day before or it might be on the 27th—they generally send in the morning what they have taken the evening before—what they send on the 26th would probably be paid in on the 27th.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200040"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> These notes may have come from any of our offices in London—it is quite possible they may have been taken at Ludgate Circus.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-161" type="surname" value="SMART"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-161" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID SMART</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the Temple Bar branch of the London and Westminster Bank—Thomas Cook and Sons have an account with us—on May 27th they paid in, among other items, £400 in bank notes—these eight £5 notes, 12019 and 12021 to 27, formed part of the £400—this extract is from our bank note sundry book—I have examined it; it is correct.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-162" type="surname" value="GOODE"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-162" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK GOODE</persName> </hi>. I am an assistant to J. E. Thompson, a pawn-broker, 155, Drummond Street, Hampstead Road—on May 30th, about 2 p.m., the prisoner came there and bought a gold watch and chain and redeemed a suit of clothes—the watch was £2 10s. the chain £1 2s., and 10s. 6 1/2d. for the redemption of the suit, making £4 2s. 6 1/2d.—he paid with a £5 note—the suit was pledged for 10s. in the name of John O'Brien—I knew O'Brien well—I asked the prisoner where O'Brien was, and he told me he was laid up—I next saw the prisoner on June 20th—he then pawned the gold watch and chain which he purchased on May 30th—the following is a description of O'Brien: Age about 35, height 5 ft. 8 in., slim, fair, clean shaven, except for an Imperial beard; he wore glasses, and had a strong American accent—I know Roger Willis, of 43, Woburn Place—I have seen him and O'Brien together at our shop three or four times.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I do not remember seeing Willis in a frock coat and silk hat—I do not think he is anything like you—I last saw him there on May 27th, when he redeemed pledges to the amount of £23 and bought a diamond ring, for which he paid £7—some of the pledges had been in nearly twelve months—he paid the £30 in gold—he was a regular customer.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-163" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-163" type="given" value="HARRY GRIFFITHS"/>HARRY GRIFFITHS SMITH</persName> </hi>. I am a cashier at the Tottenham Court Road Branch of the London and Westminster Bank, Limited—J. E. Thompson is a customer of ours—on June 4th Mr. Hawkins, his manager, sent these three notes (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) to us to be changed; his signature is upon them—Exhibit 5 is an extract from our note register showing the numbers of the notes—one of these notes is 12713, 27th February, 1903.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-164" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-164" type="surname" value="LAIT"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-164" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD LAIT</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Allworthy Brothers, pawnbrokers, 15, High Street, Camden Town—on May 30th the prisoner came in and purchased this stud (
<hi rend="italic">Produced.</hi>) for 14s. 6d.—it has a pin attachment—it is an imitation sapphire and diamond—he paid with a £5 note, which I paid into the bank on June 2nd—that was the only note we had—at Guildhall, on June 24th, I picked out the prisoner from twelve other men.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-165" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-165" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-165" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-165" type="given" value="JOHN ARTHUR HENSHAW"/>JOHN ARTHUR HENSHAW LEWIS</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk at the National Bank, High Street, Camden Town—Allworthy Brothers are customers of ours—I produce an extract from our note register—on June 2nd they paid in three £5 notes; one of them, dated 27th February, 1903, was No. 12715—I also produce the slip with which it was paid in.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-166" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-166" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-166" type="surname" value="LACEY"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-166" type="given" value="FLORENCE GERTRUDE"/>FLORENCE GERTRUDE LACEY</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk at the Eversholt Street Post Office, Camden Town—I recognise the prisoner as the person who,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200041"/>
<p>on May '50th, about 6.3O p.m., bought twelve £1 postal orders—they would be among the last fourteen sold that day 870992 to 871005—he paid for them in gold—about 3.30 the same day, another man had purchased sixteen £1 postal orders, and paid for them with four £5 notes, dated Febraury 27th, 1903, Nos. 12709-10-11 and 12—at 5 o'clock he came again and purchased six more, and paid for them with two £5 notes, 12701-2, February 27th, 1903—my attention was particularly drawn to these transactions, and I remember holding the notes up and examining the water marks—I saw the man write "Charles Johnson, 20, Prince's Square," on the notes, and the writing on the postal orders is similar—the reference numbers of the postal orders are also on the notes—I stamped each note with the date stamp of the office—the distinguishing letter is E—I wrote this entry in Manning's post office savings book, and stamped it with the same stamp—I am in the habit of comparing hand-writing for the purposes of the savings bank, and in my opinion the "Charles Johnson" on the cheque is similar to the "Charles Johnson" on the note—the man who purchased the twenty-two £1 postal orders was about 35 to 38, 5 ft. 10 in. high, medium build, and fair complexion—I can
<lb/>not say if he had any hair on his face—I did not notice his accent—he wore spectacles.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am positive the other man bought the sixteen postal orders with four £5 notes—I cannot swear that you were the man who bought the twelve postal orders, but I think so—he wore a silk hat.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-167" type="surname" value="HAWKINS"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-167" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM HAWKINS</persName> </hi>. I am manager to J. E. Thompson, a pawnbroker, of 155, Drummond Street, Hampstead Road—these are my endorse
<lb/>ments on the back of these three notes (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>)—I think they were paid in on June 2nd—one was taken from the prisoner in the sale depart
<lb/>ment in my presence—the other two were taken across the pledge counter—the money taken in the sale department is kept separate from that taken in the pledge department.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I know Willis and O'Brien—I have seen them to
<lb/>gether in my shop on several occasions—Willis was in my shop last on May 27th—he then redeemed pledges to the amount of about £30—he was alone—I think he paid with one £5 note, and the rest in gold—I have never seen you with O'Brien—I cannot see any resemblance between you and Willis—I should know him if I saw him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I did not deliver Willis's pledges, or handle the money.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-168" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-168" type="surname" value="MILLS"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-168" type="given" value="ROSINA"/>ROSINA MILLS</persName> </hi>. I am barmaid at the Eagle Public House, Camden Road—I know the prisoner as a customer during the last two or three months—Mr. Frank Sullivan is the owner of the house, and he owns two others, I believe—Mr. Sanders is the manager.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-169" type="surname" value="DANIELS"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-169" type="given" value="EDGAR"/>EDGAR DANIELS</persName> </hi>. I am an accountant at the Newgate Street Branch of the London City and Midland Bank—Mr. Frank Sullivan is a customer of ours—Mr. Sanders is his manager—I produce Exhibit 11—on June 2nd, there was a payment in by Sanders to the credit of the account, which included a bank note for £5, No. 12714, dated 27th February, 1903.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-170" type="surname" value="MURPHY"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-170" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES MURPHY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective Inspector.</hi>) I first received information about this case on June 3rd, and at once proceeded to trace the notes,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200042"/>
<p>which were the proceeds of the two forged cheques, Exhibits 1 and 2—by June 22nd I had traced a good number of them—on the 22nd I received information from Miss James, and in consequence I went to the corner of Rochester Square, Camden Town—there I saw Manning, about 1 p.m.—and after hearing something from him, I followed the prisoner—he went in the direction of Euston Road, and I lost sight of him—at 10 minutes to three I saw him enter the Eagle Public House—after leaving there he went to 16, Rochester Square—at 9.30 I saw him with Mr. and Mrs. Fenton leave the Camden Arms in Randolph Street—I caught hold of him, and told him I was a police officer, and should take him into custody, and that he would be charged with being concerned with another man not in custody in forging and uttering two cheques, one drawn for £195 10s. on May 26th, and the other for £325 on May 28th, both on the Capital and Counties Bank, Fore Street, and both purporting to be signed by 0. E. Boles—he said, "I know nothing about it"—I said, "You have been identified with dealing in part of the proceeds of these forgeries; do you know a man named O'Brien?" he said, "No"—I said, "One of these notes was cashed at Thompson's, the pawnbrokers, a second at Allworthy's, the pawnbrokers, and a third one at the Eagle Public House, Camden Road"—he said, "Yes, I have cashed a note at each of those places, I got them from a fellow countryman, whose name and address I do not know"—I said, "Where is the stud you purchased at Allworthy's?"—he put his fingers into his right hand vest pocket, and handed it to me—when searched at the police station, I found in his possession a diary and a portion of a Cook's first class single ticket from London to Paris—I found a visiting card in a kit bag at his lodgings, with "Mr. Edward Sidney Case, 2, Avenue Friedland "on it—on the back of this bank note is written" 4, Avenue Friedland," and on the back of this one, "2, Avenue Friedland."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not warn you before you made your statements to me—when I arrested you, Mr. Fenton asked me some questions, but what they were I do not remember; I had nothing to do with him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-171" type="surname" value="HART"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-171" type="given" value="HARRY BERTRAM"/>HARRY BERTRAM HART</persName> </hi>. I am a bank clerk—I was with Miss James on the afternoon of June 21st, in Finsbury Park—the prisoner and his wife passed us, and at Miss James' request I followed them—when they left the Park, they rode by omnibus to the Brecknock Public House—they then turned up the first turning on the right—the prisoner saw that I was following, and he asked me what I wanted by following him—he said he thought I had been insulting his wife—I said I had no such intention, but wanted his name and address—he said he thought it rather strange, and threatened to put me on my back, but after a little time he gave me his card—it had no address on it, and I said I wanted his address—he then told me I could go with him to his house, and he took me to 16, Rochester Square—he told me he had lived there two years—I then left him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I first saw you by the band stand—you were sitting down about 10 yards from us—Miss James asked me to see what boots you had on, and to see if you had an American accent—you were wearing</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200043"/>
<p>American boots—when I spoke to you, I asked if you knew a Miss James and a Mr. Willis, and you said "No"—I may have asked if you knew a Mr. Isenman, but I do not remember—I do not think I mentioned the forgery to you, or anything connected with it—I am certain I did not say it was a matter of ten years.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-172" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-172" type="surname" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-172" type="given" value="ADELINE"/>ADELINE JAMES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi>) I did not notice what boots you wore on May 25th—I do not think I asked Mr. Hart to go and look at your boots—I asked him particularly to notice your voice—I did not hear your voice then.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">H. E. MANNING</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi>) I did not notice what boots you wore when you came to the office on May 25th.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Evidence for the defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-173" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-173" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-173" type="surname" value="ASHTON"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-173" type="given" value="KATE"/>KATE ASHTON</persName> </hi>. I am the prisoner's wife—on May 25th I was living with my parents at Norwood, and met the prisoner about 9.30 a.m.—at 2.30 p.m. we went to the National Gallery—I was with him till the evening—I remember the 25th, because he went to Paris on the following Saturday to see some relations—while he was away I had several letters from him, and from the tone of them he seemed rather short of money—he was away for three weeks—when he returned he was short of money, and he told me he had pawned some things.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> We have been married eighteen months—Mr. Case is a mining engineer—this is one of his cards, "Mr. Edward Sidney Case, 2, Avenue Friedland"—the writing at the back is my husband's—it is very indistinct, and I cannot read it—I know Mr. Case's writing—I do not think the "Charles Johnson" on these postal orders is his writing—the "Charles Isenman" on these bank notes is more like his—the writing on this cheque is like my husband's—I do not know what the H. J. H. H. E. in this diary means—I am sure May 25th was the day we went to the National Gallery, and the diary bears me out—on May 26th I met him about mid-day and we went to Hyde Park—I have not seen him this week—I saw the extracts from the diary about three weeks ago—while we were living at the Fenton's, Mr. Case called very nearly every day—they were friendly calls—I was not present every time he came—I did not hear any business discussed—I do not know where he lived, we never visited him—I thought my husband was short of money on May 29th by the way he spoke, and he told me he had bor
<lb/>rowed some money—he did not tell me from whom—he did not tell me he had bought a gold watch and chain and an imitation diamond stud on the 30th.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I do not remember him telling me that on a particular day he would read me his diary—he always kept a diary when he was away from me—I knew he was going to the Continent on May 30th, about a month previous.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I last saw Mr. Case about the beginning of May, about a month before my husband went away—I do not know Mr. Willis.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-174" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-174" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-174" type="surname" value="WILLIS"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-174" type="given" value="ROGER JERARD"/>ROGER JERARD WILLIS</persName> </hi>. I live at 43, Woburn Place, W.C.—I know a Mr. O'Brien—he is a tall, stout man—I have been into Mr. Thompson's</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200044"/>
<p>pawnshop with him on two or three occasions—I was not with him on May 27th—I was not in the Eversholt Road Post Office, Camden Town, on May 27th—I bought a single stone diamond ring from Mr. Thompson's, and the same day redeemed some pledges to the amount of £30—I cannot remember the date—I do not think I paid with a £5 note—I have been in the employ of Messrs. Laird and Company—I left last December—I remember going there one day last March to get a reference.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Mr. O'Brien's Christian name, I think, is Terence—he is about thirty years of age, and of a medium complexion—I have seen him with and without a moustache—he wore glasses—I have known him two or three years—I have not been in employment since I left Messrs. Laird's last December—the things I pawned with Mr. Thompson during 1902 were not all my own—I pawned a silver tea set for a lady friend—I do not remember pawning any clothes, I may have—the £30 which I expended at Mr. Thompson's shop in May I had in my box—I have had as much as £200 or £300 in my box at a time—I decline to say where I got it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-175" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-175" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-175" type="surname" value="FENTON"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-175" type="given" value="RICHARD FAWKLAND"/>RICHARD FAWKLAND FENTON</persName> </hi>. I live at 16, Rochester Square, Camden Town—I was present when Inspector Murphy arrested the prisoner—I cannot remember what he said at the time, but I know he denied the charge—I have never seen him wearing a silk hat and frock coat—I know Mr. Case—he was about 34 years old. 5 ft. 11 in. or 6 ft. high, rather spare, and spoke with a strong American accent—he wore glasses—I do not remember if he wore a beard or not—between May 24th and 30th there was no outward sign of the prisoner having a lot of money.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence on oath, said that on May</hi> 25
<hi rend="italic">th he met his wife about</hi> 9.30
<hi rend="italic">a.m., and went with her first to the National Art Gallery and then to Brixton, and left her about</hi> 8
<hi rend="italic">p.m.; that he was never at the offices of Messrs. Laird and Company; that he made the acquaintance of a John O'Brien in Southampton Row ten or twelve days previous to May</hi> 30
<hi rend="italic">th: that he lent O'Brien</hi> £3 155.;
<hi rend="italic">that May</hi> 30
<hi rend="italic">th was the last time he saw O'Brien, when he repaid him with a</hi> £5
<hi rend="italic">note; that they had a drink at the Eagle public house, where he cashed the note and gave O'Brien the change; that he then personally cashed another note for O'Brien at his request: that O'Brien then asked him to get a suit of clothes out of pledge for him at Mr. Thompson's, as there would be a row if he went in himself; that O'Brien gave him another</hi> £5
<hi rend="italic">to pay for it; that while in the shop he saw a cheap gold watch and chain, and bought it, and gave the parcel and the change to O'Brien, and left him and had not seen him since; that on his way he passed Messrs. Allworthy's and saw the stud and bought it with the note he had changed for O'Brien; that he bought both the stud and the watch and chain because he was going to Paris that day to meet his uncle, and wanted to look well; that the ticket to Paris was bought for him by a friend and sent to him in a registered letter; that he returned to London on June</hi> 20
<hi rend="italic">th and was in Finsbury Park with his wife the next day, when he had the conversation with Hart; that the writing on the forged cheque was not his; that he was not in Eversholt Road post office buying</hi> £1
<hi rend="italic">postal orders on May</hi> 30
<hi rend="italic">th; that he had never been to</hi> 39.
<hi rend="italic">Hercules Road. Lambeth and asked for Mr. Terence O'Brien that</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200045"/>
<hi rend="italic">he knew a Mr. Gillmore, but Gillmore and O'Brien were not the same man.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Evidence in reply.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-176" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-176" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-176" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH BAKER</persName> </hi>. I live at 140, York Road, Lambeth—in July, 1901, I lived at 39, Hercules Road, and had a Mr. Gillmore lodging with me—a man came with Mr. West and inquired for a Mr. O'Brien—he did not mention his Christian name—I do not recognise the prisoner as the man.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-177" type="surname" value="WEST"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-177" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK WEST</persName> </hi>. I live at 10, Vine Street, Piccadilly—I remember going with the prisoner, in 1901, to 39, Hercules Road, and seeing Mrs. Baker—I heard the prisoner ask for Mr. Terence O'Brien.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">F. GOODE</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi>) This card, "Mr. Terence M. O'Brien" (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) was given to me about two years ago by Mr. O'Brien—I used to keep his pawn tickets for him, and he gave me this card to keep with them—he is the same O'Brien whose suit was redeemed on May 30th for 10s.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He used to pawn in the name of John O'Brien—O'Brien and Willis seemed to be great friends.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-178" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-178" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-178" type="surname" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-178" type="given" value="ADELINE"/>ADELINE JAMES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi>) Willis was not discharged from Messrs. Laird Brothers, he absented himself from the office; I was ill at the time and wrote to him demanding his presence—he never came again—he knew where the cheque book was kept.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Further evidence for the defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-179" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-179" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-179" type="surname" value="HARD"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-179" type="given" value="FLORENCE"/>FLORENCE HARD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Examined by the prisoner.</hi>) I am a niece of Mr. and Mrs. Fenton, and live with them at 16, Rochester Square—about a week before you went away I remember you getting up one morning very early—about the end of April, I think, you had told me you were going to Paris—I have never seen you wearing a silk hat or frock coat—I know Mr. Case, he usually wore a Navy blue lounge suit.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19030720-600-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-600-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-600-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony at the North London Sessions on August</hi> 7
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1901,
<hi rend="italic">in the name of
<persName id="t19030720-name-180">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-180" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-180" type="surname" value="HUTTON"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-180" type="given" value="JAMES BERTRAM"/>James Bertram Hutton</persName>.
<rs id="t19030720-600-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-600-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-600-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-600-19030720 t19030720-600-punishment-21"/>Seven years' penal servitude.</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THE COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">awarded Miss James</hi> £5
<hi rend="italic">for her efforts in bringing the prisoner to justice.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19030720-601">
<interp inst="t19030720-601" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19030720"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-601" type="date" value="19030720"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19030720-601-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-601-19030720 t19030720-601-offence-1 t19030720-601-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-601-19030720" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-601-19030720" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-601-19030720" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-601-19030720" type="surname" value="DOWNING"/>
<interp inst="def1-601-19030720" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK DOWNING</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t19030720-601-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-601-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-601-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously shooting at
<persName id="t19030720-name-182" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-182" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-182" type="surname" value="DOWNING"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-182" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19030720-601-offence-1 t19030720-name-182"/>Annie Downing</persName> with intent to murder her.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FULTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-183" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-183" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-183" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-183" type="given" value="JOHN MOORE"/>JOHN MOORE HALL</persName> </hi>. I am medical officer at Hackney Infirmary—on July 12th, about 12.45 a.m., Mrs. Downing was brought in, suffering from two wounds on her right cheek—they were communicating wounds and were not dangerous—from their position I should think she was shot from behind.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-184" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-184" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-184" type="surname" value="WARD"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-184" type="given" value="JANE"/>JANE WARD</persName> </hi>. I live with my father at 83, Maberley Street, Hommerton—the prisoner and his wife occupied part of the house—on July 11th the prisoner came in about midnight and went straight upstairs—Mrs. Downing and I were in the kitchen—to go upstairs you must pass the kitchen door—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200046"/>
<p>the prisoner came downstairs immediately with a revolver in his hand, fired at his wife and hit her—she ran to the back door and he fired again—she then ran into the yard where my father was sleeping and the prisoner fired a third time.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-185" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-185" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-185" type="surname" value="DOWNING"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-185" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE DOWNING</persName> </hi>. I am the prisoner's wife—on July 11th he came in about midnight and went straight upstairs—I was in the kitchen—he came down again and started calling me abusive names—I told him to go upstairs and not to interfere with me—he then said he had something upstairs for me and not for me alone—he went upstairs and came down again with a revolver in his hand—he said, "Now you can attack me with the poker if you like"—with that the thing went off and a burning sensation crossed my face—in a second or two I noticed my face bleeding—I then ran into the garden—the kitchen window was open and my husband ran to the window and fired at me again—I was afterwards taken to the infirmary and stayed as an in-patient for a week—I did not attend as an out patient—the wounds are well now.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I cannot say when the third shot was fired.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-186" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-186" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-186" type="surname" value="WARD"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-186" type="given" value="GEORGE HENRY"/>GEORGE HENRY WARD</persName> </hi>. I am a drover, of 83, Maberley Street, Hom
<lb/>merton—the prisoner and his wife have lodged with me about two years—about midnight on July 11th I was in the yard, asleep upon a form—I was awakened by a report of fire arms and the screams of my daughter, and saw the prisoner leaning out of the kitchen window with a revolver in his hand—I did not see him fire it—I found these two bullets (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>), one on the stairs and the other in the kitchen.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-187" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-187" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-187" type="surname" value="ELRICH"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-187" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES ELRICH</persName> </hi> (33
<hi rend="italic">J.R.</hi>) On July 12th, about 12.15 a.m. I was outside 83, Maberley Street and heard two shots fired inside—I saw the prisoner at the gate—I said to him, "What is this?"—he replied, "Blank cart
<lb/>ridges" and handed me this revolver (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>)—I went into the house and saw Ward and his daughter—they gave the prisoner into custody for shooting at them—I took him to the station.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-188" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-188" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-188" type="surname" value="HOLLOWAY"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-188" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY HOLLOWAY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector J.</hi>) On July 12th at 12.30 a.m. I was in charge of the Victoria Park police station when the prisoner was brought in—I cautioned him and he said, "I will reserve my defence"—Elrich handed me this revolver—I found three chambers discharged and two undischarged—I afterwards went to 83, Maberley Street and Ward handed me these two cartridges—I found a dent on the kitchen door—I searched the prisoner's room and found twenty cartridges similar to these two—when charged he said, "Right."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-189" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-189" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-189" type="surname" value="PEARMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-189" type="given" value="WILLIAM WALTER"/>WILLIAM WALTER PEARMAN</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Saunders, a pawnbroker of 191, Mare Street, Hackney—I sold this revolver and these cartridges on Saturday, July 11th, about 6 p.m.—the revolver was 4s. 6d. and the cartridges 1s.—I do not recognise the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence</hi>: "I was provoked to do it I heard my wife promise Ward that he should sleep with her on Sunday night, July 5th. I saw him try her bedroom door, and when I stopped him from going in he threatened to kill me."</p>
<rs id="t19030720-601-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-601-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-601-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of unlawfully wounding</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19030720-601-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-601-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-601-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-601-19030720 t19030720-601-punishment-22"/>Twelve months' hard labour. He had been previously convicted of assaulting his wife</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200047"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOURTH COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, July</hi> 22, 1903</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before J. A. Rentoul, Esq., K.C.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19030720-602">
<interp inst="t19030720-602" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19030720"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-602" type="date" value="19030720"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19030720-602-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-602-19030720 t19030720-602-offence-1 t19030720-602-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19030720-602-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-602-19030720 t19030720-602-offence-1 t19030720-602-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-602-19030720" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-602-19030720" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-602-19030720" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-602-19030720" type="surname" value="BRIDGES"/>
<interp inst="def1-602-19030720" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES BRIDGES</hi> (20)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-602-19030720" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-602-19030720" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-602-19030720" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def2-602-19030720" type="surname" value="ANDREWS"/>
<interp inst="def2-602-19030720" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS ANDREWS</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t19030720-602-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-602-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-602-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery, with violence on
<persName id="t19030720-name-192" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-192" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-192" type="surname" value="COSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-192" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19030720-602-offence-1 t19030720-name-192"/>William Coster</persName>, and stealing a watch and part of a chain, his property.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BRIDGES</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to robbery only.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GANZ</hi>
<hi rend="italic">prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-193" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-193" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-193" type="surname" value="COSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-193" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM COSTER</persName> </hi>. I am a manufacturer's agent at Manchester—on July 15th I came to London on business—on the 16th, about 11.30 a.m., I was in the Hackney Road—it was raining, and I had my umbrella up—as I passed Kay Street some one hit me on my stomach with his left hand, at the same time snatching my watch and part of my chain—he then ran away with two others—I followed but failed to catch them—I gave in
<lb/>formation to the police and the next day I was asked to go to the station to identify the man—I went but was unable to do so—the value of the watch is £ 70.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Bridges.</hi> The man who struck me was about your build—I could not see his face.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-194" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-194" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-194" type="surname" value="SHARPE"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-194" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY SHARPE</persName> </hi>. I live at 31, Tiel Street—about 11.30 a.m. on July 16th I was at the corner of Kay Street and Hackney Road—I saw Bridges rush at the prosecutor, hit him in his stomach, and snatch his watch and chain—I have known him for some years—three other men were with him and they all ran off—I should know them if I saw them—I do not know their names—I followed them but could not catch them—the next day I went to the station and identified Bridges.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-195" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-195" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-195" type="surname" value="BARTLETT"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-195" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST BARTLETT</persName> </hi>. I am eleven years of age and live at 57, Tiel Street—about 11.30 a.m. on July 16th I was in the Hackney Road—I saw two men running—one was Bridges—I did not know the other and should not know him again if I saw him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-196" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-196" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-196" type="surname" value="LEE"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-196" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES LEE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective J.</hi>) At 3.30 p.m. on July 16th I saw Bridges in Brick Lane and arrested him on this charge—he said he knew nothing about it—I took him to the station where he said, "I admit I pulled the chain"—on the early morning of the 18th I went with Detective Taylor to 6, Summers Road, Walthamstow, and saw Andrews—I told him we were police officers and should take him into custody for being concerned with Charles Bridges already in custody, for stealing a gentleman's gold watch and portion of a chain, in the Hackney Road on Thursday—he said, "I have been
<hi rend="italic">shopped</hi> again"—we brought him by train to Bethnal Green—in the train he said, "I admit I was there, I did not pull the chain; we are the biggest fools to go in the Hackney Road and do such a thing as that where we are known"—he was charged and made no reply.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Andrews.</hi> I did not give your statement in evidence at the police court, Taylor did, he accompanied me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-197" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-197" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-197" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-197" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>HERBERT TAYLOR</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective J.</hi>) At one a.m. on July 18th I went with Lee to 6, Summers Road, Walthamstow and there saw Andrews in bed—he knew us and as soon as he saw us he said, "I am
<hi rend="italic">shopped</hi> again"—we brought him to Bethnal Green by train and in the train he said, "I was</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200048"/>
<p>there, but I did not snatch the chain, we are fools to do it in Hackney Road where we are known"—when formally charged he made no reply.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Andrews in his defence on oath said that he knew nothing of the robbery, and that he had not made the statements alleged to have been made by him by the detective officers, and said that he had not been identified by anyone.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BRIDGES</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19030720-602-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-602-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-602-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">He then pleaded.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony at Worship Street Police Court on March</hi> 13
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1903.
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19030720-602-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-602-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-602-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-602-19030720 t19030720-602-punishment-23"/>Twelve months' hard labour.</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANDREWS</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19030720-602-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-602-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-602-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19030720-603">
<interp inst="t19030720-603" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19030720"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-603" type="date" value="19030720"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19030720-603-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-603-19030720 t19030720-603-offence-1 t19030720-603-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19030720-603-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-603-19030720 t19030720-603-offence-1 t19030720-603-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-603-19030720" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-603-19030720" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-603-19030720" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def1-603-19030720" type="surname" value="WEINSTONE"/>
<interp inst="def1-603-19030720" type="given" value="DAVID"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DAVID WEINSTONE</hi> (42)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-603-19030720" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-603-19030720" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="def2-603-19030720" type="age" value="60"/>
<interp inst="def2-603-19030720" type="surname" value="SOULMAN"/>
<interp inst="def2-603-19030720" type="given" value="ROSEN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROSEN SOULMAN</hi> (60)</persName>
<rs id="t19030720-603-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-603-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-603-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Con
<lb/>spiring together to cheat and defraud
<persName id="t19030720-name-200" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-200" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-200" type="surname" value="WENSLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-200" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19030720-603-offence-1 t19030720-name-200"/>Frederick Wensley</persName> of £2,285;
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>, Attempting to obtain from him £2,285 by false pretences with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SYMMONS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended Wein
<lb/>stone.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-201" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-201" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-201" type="surname" value="MARKS"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-201" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MARKS</persName> </hi>. I am a hatter of 33, Hawkins Street, Mile End Road—I have known Weinstone about two years—in May last he came to me and told me he had a friend who wanted to see me particularly—I made an appointment for the next day, when he introduced me to Soulman in Middlesex Street, and then left us—Soulman then said to me, "I know you work for a rich firm, and I want you to introduce something to your governor"—I asked what it was, and he said that there was a man in Russia who had the position of overseer in the Siberian Mines, and as he col
<lb/>lected the gold from the prisoners each day he was able to take some for him-self, and that he had 70 lbs. of gold dust to sell, and proposed that my gover
<lb/>nor should be the buyer: that the man who used to buy it was dead, and they were looking for another—I said I should see my governor about it, and made an appointment for the next day—I then went and reported the matter to the police at Arbour Square—I met him the next day and told him that my master wanted to see a sample of the gold—he gave me a small nugget and told me the bulk was equal to it—I left him then, having arranged to let him know what my master would do in two or three days—I then gave the nugget to the police—a few days after I saw Soulman again, and told him that my master had tested the nugget and was satisfied with it and wanted to know all the particulars—he said that my governor would have to go to Germany for the gold dust, but that he would pay all expenses—I then left him and reported to the police—the next Sunday I saw Weinstone and gave him the nugget that Soulman had given me, and told him that my master would not have anything to do with it because it was a swindle—a few days after I accidentally met him at the London Hospital, and he told me that Soulman wanted to see me again—I arranged to meet him the next day—I did so—he then told me that he should like to see my master and explain to him that the gold he was trying to sell him was real gold, and that the business was not a swindle, and that if they got on together he would not trouble him to go out of London for it—I said I should speak to him about it, and asked him for a sample of the gold dust which he brought to my house on the Sunday and melted it down, and gave me the nugget to give to my master—he</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200049"/>
<p>then went away, and I arranged to meet him in a day or two to let him know what my master intended to do—I met him and told him that my master-was satisfied with it and would like to see him to arrange the business—a day or two later I went with Soulman to a house in Camberwell to introduce him to my governor—we' were admitted by Sergeant Wensley, and I introduced him to Soulman as my governor—the interview was a satisfactory one, and on the way home Soulman told me that he was satisfied now that he had met my master, and he hoped that the business would finish, and he said he would telegraph the first thing in the morning to the Russian officer—he arranged to let me know the answer to the telegram on the Sunday, and on the Sunday I met him and he produced a letter written in Russian, and read it to me—I cannot read Russian—all our conversations were in German—the letter was to the effect that the Russian officer did not understand the telegram, and that the gold dust was to be sold by the Russian weight, and the exact quantity was 82 lbs.—at the same interview he gave me a brass weight which he said weighed a quarter of a pound, and told me that that was the weight the officer referred to—I afterwards gave it to Sergeant Wensley—a few days later he showed me a telegram purporting to come from some town in Russia, saying that the price arranged by Wensley and Soulman had been accepted by the Russian officer, and gave it to me to show my master—I gave it to Wensley—a few days after I saw Soulman again, and returned him all the things he had given me, and told him that my master would not have anything to do with it because it must be a swindle—he then asked me if I could keep a secret; I said, yes; and he explained to me that the stuff he was trying to sell my master was not gold but brass filings; I was surprised, and told him that he was trying to do me as well; he said, "Never mind that, if we succeed in getting the money we shall have equal shares"—I said, very well, and promised to give him my assistance and tell my governor that everything was all right—a day or two later I saw him again, and he showed me a telegram in German saying, "Left Russia for England"—it was not signed—a week afterwards I met Weinstone at his house, 33, Maidmans Street—I saw Soulman there filling a bag with brass filings—I asked him when he was going to deliver the stuff to my governor, and we arranged the following evening at nine o'clock—I arranged to meet him at 33, Maidmans Street to help carry the filings—he asked me if I was sure my governor would have the money, and I told him he need not trouble about that—he told me that when he got the money he would do it up in small packets, each containing an equal share, and he would ask my governor to allow me to show him the way to the
<hi rend="italic">'bus</hi>, and when we got outside we should go straight to Euston and then to Manchester, and then to Berlin, where there was another busi
<lb/>ness prepared—I called at Maidmans Street the next evening—Soulman was there, not Weinstone—he gave me two bottles, one containing aqua
<lb/>fortis and the other water—I asked him how I could distinguish them, and he pointed out a small piece of paper in the neck of the bottle con
<lb/>taining the aquafortis, and told me to carry the aquafortis in the right pocket and the water in the left—he gave me the bottles in case my</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200050"/>
<p>governor wanted to have the gold tested—when we had got the money, if he asked for the aquafortis I was to give him the bottle of water—we then went together to the Great Eastern Hotel, where we saw Weinstone—on the way Soulman told me that Weinstone was going to act the Russian officer—he was wearing a silk hat when we met him—after having some drinks at the Great Eastern Hotel, Soulman asked me to call a cab—I did so, and we all three got in and drove away—in Christian Street the cab was stopped and the two prisoners were arrested—during the whole of the proceedings I was acting under the instructions of the police.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>. I am a Roumanian—my real name is Mark Zakeria—since I have been in England I have adopted the name of John Marks—I have been here three years—I have been with my present employers two years—I had an official certificate given me when 1 left Roumania—I have since lost it—I first met Weinstone in Middlesex Street—he used to sell cakes—I always looked upon him as a steady hard working man until this matter—he introduced me to Soulman, but I had no dealings with him—I went to the police because I could see there was stolen property to be sold—Weinstone never offered me any money.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Soulman</hi>, I am not a Jew—my wife is a Jewish woman, and my boy has been circumcised—I did not know that the business was a swindle until you told me yourself—we were about half an hour with Sergeant Wensley.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-202" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-202" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-202" type="surname" value="WENSLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-202" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK WENSLEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Serjeant H.</hi>) I got certain information about this case from Marks, and on June 10th, about 9 p.m., he introduced me to Soulman at an address in Camberwell—I knew him as Kaplin—I said to him, "I have tested that nugget of gold you let Marks have, and I am satisfied that it is pure gold: what is the quantity you want to sell, and is the bulk up to sample"—he said, "There is about 90 lbs.; it is all virgin gold the same as the nugget I gave Marks to show you; but before entering into business I want to ask you a question; can you keep a secret?"—I replied, "Yes, I have done so"—he nodded his head in approval and said, "I can see you are a business man, I will tell you; is a great secret, and if you keep it we can make you very rich; there is an officer in a very high position in the Russian Army, and his position enables him to get large quantities of raw gold from the Russian mines across the frontier, two or three times a year; the gentleman who used to purchase it is dead, he died worth a lot of money; we have now to find another buyer"—I said, "Do you mean the gold is stolen"—he replied, "I am surprised you should ask me such a question, but there, you English
<lb/>men are all alike, you are not clever, you are too straightforward to be clever, we foreigners know the world best"—I said, "There may be a great deal of truth in what you say, but I want to know my position"—he said, "Of course it is what you would call stolen, but the police here cannot touch you, the risk is getting it over the frontier and would mean terrible punishment if they caught us there"—I said, "What do you want for it?"—he said, "We have always had 25 per cent. below the market value"—I said, "That is a lot more than I should give"—he replied, "Well, what do you</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200051"/>
<p>think would be a fair price"—I said, "Considering the risk, 50 per cent."—he said, "We cannot let it go for that, but in order to secure your custom, I think the officer would let you have it at 35 per cent, below the market value, which we will say is £3 5s. per ounce or £39 per lb., and that will work out act at 25 per cent, for me, 35 per cent, for the officer, and 35 per cent yourself, leaving 5 per cent. for working expenses"—I said, "That is more reasonable; how much do you propose to bring, and what are the facilities you intend to offer me to see that the bulk is up to sample? how many do you wish to be present at the transaction, and what do you propose about payment?"—he laughed and said, "You are really more clever than I thought you were; I like dealing with clever men. I shall bring about 90 lbs., and shall bring everything you want, both to test the gold and to weigh it; you can have Marks to look after your interests and my principal the Russian officer will come with me, because although he has got confidence in me I should hardly like to ask him to trust me with such a large quantity, and he would not come alone because he would expect me to look after his interests and do the work"—I said, "Very well, that is understood"—he said then, "I shall communicate with you through Marks and let you know the date and hour when we will bring it; I shall let you know two or three days before, so that you can get the money out of the bank, as we should like to have it in gold"—I then said I had other gentlemen to see and must bid him good night—he asked me for my card—I said, "I have not asked you for your card, I will give you mine, but not now"—they then left—I did not have any other conversation with Soulman—I saw Marks from time to time, and gave him instructions—on June 28th I charged the prisoners—in reply Soulman said, "You only wanted to give me 38s. per ounce, you know"—I did not part with any money—altogether I pretended to buy £2,280 worth of dust.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>. I never had anything to do with Weinstone—he was not present at Camberwell when I had the conversation with Soulman.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Soulman.</hi> Our interview lasted about an hour and a half—you said you wanted the money in gold—there were about 90 lbs. troy weight and 72 lbs. avoirdupois.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-203" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-203" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-203" type="surname" value="LEESON"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-203" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>BENJAMIN LEESON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective H.</hi>) On May 24th Marks came to me at Arbour Square police station and gave me information—between then and June 27th I saw him from time to time and gave him certain instructions—on two occasions he brought me a nugget of gold, which I handed over to Inspector Divall—on June 27th I was with other police officers in the Burdett Road—I saw Soulman and Marks together at the corner of Maidmans Street—Soulman was carrying a black bag—they went into the Great Eastern Hotel—after being in there about twenty minutes Marks came out and engaged a cab—Soulman and Weinstone then came out and all three got into the cab—we stopped the cab in the Commercial Road and arrested the prisoners—when charged Weinstone said, "It was brass filings I had on me, I had it for gold dust, he,"meaning Soulman," brought it to my house and I helped-to load it up, you can only charge us with</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190307200052"/>
<p>an attempt, we have not gotany thing yet"—I found on him two bags of brass filings, one in front and one at the back, under his shirt—in this hand bag (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) were similar bags filled with brass filings—I afterwards went to 33, Maidmans Street, and there found some brass filings.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-204" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-204" type="surname" value="LEE"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-204" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL LEE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Officer</hi>). I was with other officers when the prisoners were arrested—I took charge of Soulman—when I jumped into the cab he said, "On my life, it is his brother"—I said, "I am a police officer and shall take you to the station"—I took him to Leman Street—searched him, and found concealed under his waistcoat two pads of brass filings and an envelope containing some gold dust in his jacket pocket—in the bag he was carrying I found a spirit lamp, bottle of methylated sprit, some charcoal, a blowpipe, and two pads of filings, £2 in gold, 6s. in silver, and several other articles—in his overcaot which he was carrying I found another pad of filings—when charged he said, "I know, I hope you will be merciful."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19030720-name-205" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-205" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-205" type="surname" value="DIVALL"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-205" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS DIVALL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector H.</hi>) I was with the other officers when the prisoners were arrested—I took Weinstone out of the cab—I felt the pads from the outside of his coat and said, "What have you got round your body"—he said, "It is all over, you will see it all, it is dust," and pointing to Soulman he said, "He was going to take me there; I have never been there; we are done; the stuff was made up in my house, but he brought the filings there"—at the station Soulman said, "Well, you have only got me for an attempt, I had not got the money; I first learned how to do it in Minsk, the law is different in this country to what it is in other countries, that is why I wanted to get the buyer into another country"—I have had the filings weighed; there are 72 lbs. avoirdupois weight, and 90 lbs. troy—I have had them tested, also the gold.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Weinstone received a good character.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19030720-603-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-603-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-603-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WEINSTONE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19030720-603-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-603-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-603-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-603-19030720 t19030720-603-punishment-24"/>Twelve months' hard labour.</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SOULMAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19030720-603-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-603-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-603-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-603-19030720 t19030720-603-punishment-25"/>Eighteen months' hard labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, July</hi> 23
<hi rend="italic">rd</hi>, 1903.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Lawrence.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19030720-604">
<interp inst="t19030720-604" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19030720"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-604" type="date" value="19030720"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19030720-604-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-604-19030720 t19030720-604-offence-1 t19030720-604-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-604-19030720" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-604-19030720" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-604-19030720" type="age" value="61"/>
<interp inst="def1-604-19030720" type="surname" value="BURTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-604-19030720" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN BURTON</hi> (61)</persName>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19030720-604-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-604-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-604-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to
<rs id="t19030720-604-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19030720-604-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-604-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>shooting at
<persName id="t19030720-name-207" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19030720-name-207" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-207" type="surname" value="BURTON"/>
<interp inst="t19030720-name-207" type="given" value="JANE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19030720-604-offence-1 t19030720-name-207"/>Jane Burton</persName> with intent to do her grevious bodily harm. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">He received a good character.
<rs id="t19030720-604-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst=